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Full text of "Transactions of the American Entomological Society and proceedings of the Entomological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences"

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TRANSACTIONS 



^.nvL EiLio-A-nsr 



ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 



ZPZFLOOIEEIDIISrGS 



ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION 



ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES. 



VOL. X. 



PHILADELPHIA. 

PRINTED BY THE SOCIETY 

1882—3. 



LIST OF PAPERS 



Page 

Cresnon, Ezra T. 

List of the species belonging to the hymenopterous genus 

Eucerceris. - - v 

Fernald, Prof. C. H. 

A Synonymical Catalogue of the described Tortricidae of 

North America north of Mexico. - - 1 

Descriptions of new species of Tortricidae - 65 

Grote, Aug. R. 

Remarks upon the North American Heliothinae and their 
recent literature. - 257 

Horn, Geo. H., M. D. 

Revision of the species of some genera of Buprestidse. 101 

Notes on some little known genera and species of Coleoptera 113 

Synopsis of the species of the tribe Lebiini. 126 
Miscellaneous notes and short studies of North American 

Coleoptera. - 269 

Smith, John B. 

A Synopsis of the Mordellidae of the United States - 73 

Synopsis of the North American Heliothinae. - 205 

Walsingham, Lord. 

Notes on Tineidae of North America. 165 



TZR^HNTS^CTIOIINrS 



OF THE 



AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



VOLUME X. 



A Synonymical Catalogue of the described TOKTK !< 1 1> li 
of North America north of Mexico. 

BY C. H. FERNALD, A. M. 

The publication of this Catalogue has been delayed in order that as 
many of the types of our species as are in existence could be examined, 
and that as large an amount of material as possible could be studied for 
the purpose of determining what were good and tenable species and what 
should be regarded as only varieties. While of some species several 
hundred examples of each have been examined, there are others of 
which the material has been so meagre that I am not satisfied and 
have little doubt that some of the names given here as species will 
prove to be synonyms. 

I take this opportunity to extend my most sincere thanks to each 
and all who have rendered me assistance in any way, and especially 
to all those in the different parts of the country who have so generously 
placed their entire collections of Tortricids in my hands for study, 
but more particularly to those who have so cheerfully granted me 
unlimited opportunities to study the types, for without this there was 
little hope of anything short of utter confusion in our nomenclature 
of these insects. 

I have not attempted a generic revision at this time as I prefer to 
take that up in connection with the arrangement of the material which 
is now before me from various parts of the world. I have been quite 
in doubt what course to pursue with regard to the ending of the specific 
names. There are many who give the ending — ana, regardless of the 

TRANS. AMKIi. ENT. SOC. X. ( 1 ) MAY. 1882. 



2 ('. II. PERNALD. 

gender of the generic name, while others make the endings conform to 
the gender of the genus, and although many eystematists with whom 
1 have corresponded on this point strongly advise the recognition of the 
gender in the termination of the specific name, I have decided to follow 
the course adopted in nearly every list or catalogue of these insects which 
I have seen from Linneus down, and make use of the simple termina- 
tion — ana, leaving it for those who prefer the other course to change 
the terminations given herein as follows: — The terminations of the 
specific names under Lophoderus and Mellisopus, to the masculine 
ending — anus, and those under Teras, Ptycholoma and Proteoteras, 
to the neuter ending — anum. 

There are quite a number of species common to Europe and America, 
and of these I have given the synonomy in part from the valuable 
catalogue of the European fauna by Standinger and" Wocke, but the 
greater part were verified by reference to the original works. The food 
plants of these species were taken from Die Pflanzenfeinde aus der Klasse 
der Insecten by Kaltenbaeh, Die Kleinschmetterlinge by August Hart- 
niann. Die Lepidopteren der Schweiz by Prof. Frey, and the various 
systematic works to which I have had reference. 

I have been much perplexed about the dates of some of the works 
referred to, more particularly Hubner's Sammlung Europaescher Schinet- 
terlinge. In Illiger's edition of the Systematische Verzeiehniss von den 
Schmetterlingen der Wiener Gegend, on the next page after the Vorrede 
of the first volume a short notice is given in which the statement is made 
that the second volume is already in press. Although both of these 
volumes are dated 1801 on their title pages, the Vorrede is followed 
by the date Jan. 1798, and the notice above mentioned is dated 1800. 
The second volume containing the Tortrices, has references to Hubner's 
Sammlung, Tortrix, as far as plate 30, fig. 194. If the volume was in 
press in 1800, the first 30 plates or 193 figures must have been issued 
before that time, and we should give the date to these not later than 
1800, (see also Ent. Mon. Mag. London, vol. vi, p. 140). I am quite 
at a loss what precise date, if any. to give the remaining figures of 
Hubner's Tortrix. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



Abbreviations. 



An. & Mag. N. H. — Annals and Magazine of Natural History, London. 

Bull. Buf. Soc. — Bulletin of the Buifalo Society of Natural Sciences. 

Can. Ent. — Canadian Entomologist, London, Ontario. 

Clem. — Brackenridge Clemens, M. D. 

Cl. Ic. — C. A. Clerck, Icones Insectorum. 1 759— 17fi4. 

Curt. Br. Ent.— John Curtis, British Entomology. 1823-1840. 

Dep. Ag. Rept. — Report of the Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

Don. N. H.— E. Donovan, The Natural History of British Insects. 1792-J813. 

Dup. Platy. — P. A. Duponchel, Histoire naturelle des Lepidopteres, vol. ix, 

Platyomides. 
Dup. Suppl. — P. A. Duponchel, Supplement a l'Histoire naturelle des Lepi- 
dopteres. 
Dup. Meth. Cat. — P. A. Duponchel, Catalogue Methodique des Lepidopteres. 
Emmons, N. H. N. Y.— E. Emmons, Natural History of New York, Agriculture, 

vol. v. 
Ev. F. V. U. — Eversmann, Fauna Lepidopterologica Volgo-Uralensis. 
Fab. Sys. Ent. — Fabricius, Systema Entomologies. 1775. 
Fab. Gen. Ins. — Fabricius, Genera Insectorum. 1777. 
Fab. Sp. Ins. — Fabricius, Species Insectorum. 1781. 
Fab. Mant. Iks. — Fabricius, Mantissa Insectorum. 1787. 
Fab. Ent. Syst. — Fabricius, Entomologia Systematica. 1793. 
Fitch, N. Y. Rept. — Asa Fitch, Reports on the Insects of New York. 
F. v. R. — Fischer von Roslerstamm, Abbildungen zur Berichtigung und Ergan- 

zung der Schmetterlingskunde. 1838-1843. 
Frol. En. Tort. Wurt. — A. G. Frolich, Enumeratio Tortricum Wiirtembergvse. 

1828. 
Guen. Ind. — A. Guenee, Europteorum Microlepidopterorum Index Methodicus. 
Harris, Ins. Inj. — T. W. Harris, Insects Injurious to Vegetation. 
Haw. Lep. Br. — A. H. Haworth, Lepidoptera Britannica. 1803-1829. 
Hein. Schm. — H. von Heinemann, Die Schmetterlinge Deutschhinds und der 

Schweiz. 
H-S. Schm. — Dr. G. A. W. Herrich-Schaffer, Systematische Bearbeitung der 

Schmetterlinge von Europa. 
H-S. Suppl.— Dr. G. A. W. Herrich-Schaffer, Illustrations to Systematische 

Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa. 
Hub. Tout.— Jacob Hiibner, Sammlung Europaischer Schmetterlinge. 
Hub. Vog. & Schm. — Jacob Hiibner, Vogel und Schmetterlinge. 
Hub. Verz. bek. Schm. — Jacob Hiibner, Verzeichniss bekannter Schmetterlinge. 
Hub. Zutu. — Jacob Hiibner, Zutrage zur Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge. 
Jacq. Misc. — N. J. von Jacquin. Phalaena Vitisana (Jacq. Collectanea). 1788. 
Lah. Tort.— De la Harpe, Fauna Suisse, Partie vi, Tortricides. 
Linn. Fau. Su. — Linneus, Fauna Suecica. 1761. 
Linn. S. N. X. — Linneus, Systema Naturae, edition x. 
Linn. S. N. XII. — Linneus, Systema Naturae, edition xii. 



C. II. FERNALD. 

Mass. Ac Rbpt. Reporl of the Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Agri- 
culture. 

M0E8CH.— H. B. Moescher. 

N. A. Ent. — North American Entomologist. 

Pack. Guide. — A. S. Packard, Jr., Guide to the Study of Insects. 1869. 

Proc Bost. Soc. N. II.— Proceedings of Boston Society of Natural History. 

Proc Ph. Ac. Sc. — Proceedings of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. — Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia. 

Ratz. Forst. — J. T. C. Ratzeburg, Die Forstinsekten. 

Riley, Mo. Rept.— C. V. Riley, Reports on the Insects of Missouri. 

Robs. — C. T. Robinson. 

So. Ent. Carn.— Seopoli, Entomologia Carniolica. 

Schiff. W. V. — Schiffermiller, Systematisches Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge 
der Wiener Gegend. 

Sodoff. Bul. M. — Carl Sodoffsky, Bulletin de la Societe Imperiale des Natu- 
ralistes de Moscow. 

Steph. III. — J. F. Stephens, Illustrations of British Entomology. 

Stech. Cat. — J. F. Stephens, Catalogue of British Insects. 

Stgr. — Dr. 0. Standinger. 

Stett. Ent. Zeit. — Entomologische Zeitung. — Stettin. 

Tgstr. Bibr. — Tengstrom, Bidrag till Finlands Fjaril-Fauna. 

Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. — Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 

Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. — Transactions of the St. Louis Academy of Sciences. 

Tretts. Schm. — Treitschke, Die Schmetterlinge von Europa. 

Thun. Diss. Ent. — Thunberg, Dissertatio Entomologica. 

Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. — Francis Walker, Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera 
in the British Museum. 

Wien. Ent. Monat. — Wiener Entomologische Monatschrift. 

Wilk. Br. Tort.— S. J. Wilkinson, The British Tortrices. 

Wls.m. III. — Lord Walsingham, Illustrations of Typical Specimens of the Lepi- 
doptera Heterocera in the British Museum, North American Tortricidse. 

Zell. Beitr. — P. C. Zeller, Beitrage zur Kenntniss der nordamericanischen 
Microlepidopteren. 

Zell. Isis. — P. C. Zeller, Isis. 

Zell. Lep. Westk. Am. — P. C. Zeller, Lepidoptera der Westkuste Amerika's. 

Zett. Ins. Lap. — Zetterstedt, Insecta Lapponica. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 

Family TORTRICID.E. 
Subfamily Tortricin^s Mihi. 

Genus TIIUS Treitschke, Schm. viii, 1830. 

1. T. effractana. 

Pyralis scabrana || Fab. Sp. Ins. No. 54. (1781). 

Tortrix caudana || Hub. Tort. fig. 232. (1800). 

Tortrix caudana || Haw. Lep. Br. No. 46. (181 1 1. 

Tortrix effractana Frbl. En. Tort. Wtirt. p. 27, No. 30. (182S). 
' Teras effractana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 249. (1830). 

Teras effractana F. v. R. p. 144, pi. 55, figs. 2, a, b. (1839). 

Teras indecorana Zett. Ins. Lap. 9S9. (1840). 

Tortrix (Teras) Effractana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 154. (1849i. 

Teras (Rhacodia) Effractana Hein. Schm. p. 12. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Vancouver Id. ( Zeller and Hy. Edwards). 
Food. — In Europe, Salix caprea, (Hartmann). 

2. T. peculiana. 

Teras (Rhacodia) peculiana Zell. Beitr. p. 4, pi. 8, fig. 1. (1S75). 

Habitat. — Texas. 

3. T. subiiivana. 

Penthina subnivana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 376. (1863). 
Teras deflectana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 283, pi. 7, fig. 71. (1869). 
Teras deflectana Zell. Beitr. p. 5. (1875). 
Teras subnivana Wlsm. 111. p. 1, pi. 61, fig. 2. (1879). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas. 

4. T. trisignana. 

Teras trisignana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 282, pi. 7, fig. 69. (1869). 
Habitat. — New York, Virginia. 

5. T. scabrana. * 

Leptogramma scabrana Curt. Br. Ent. (1833). 

Acleris scabrana Sieph. 111. iv, 163. (1834). 

Glyphiptera Ulmana Dap. Platy. p. 138, pi. 242, fig. 7. (1834). 

Leptogramma Parisiana Guen. Ind. p. 8. (1845). 

Tortrix (Teras) Parisiana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 153; Suppl. 4-6. (1849). 

Oxygrapha scabrana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 162. (1859). 

Teras placidana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 282, pi. 7, fig. 68. (1869). 
Habitat. — -Europe ; New York, Pennsylvania. 

Food. — In Europe, Ulmus campestris ; in America, Salix; (Miss 
Murtfeldt). 

* This species has been proved in England to be the fall generation of boscana 
Fab., (See Ent. Monthly Mag. vol. xiv, p. 160), but boscana Fab. is very closely 
allied to, if not identical with trisignana Robs. 

(2) 



I! II. FERNALD. 

6. T. niveana. 

Pyralis niveana Fab. Mant. Ins. ii. p. 233. (1787). 

Tortrix Treueriana Hub. Tort. pi. 16, fig. 100. (1800). 

Tortrix niveana Frdl. En. Tort. Wtirt. p. 19, No. 7. (1 - 

Tortrix treueriana TreiU. Sehm. viii, p. 93. (1830). 

Glyphiptera Treveriana Dup. Platy. p. 135, pi. 242. (1834). 

Glyphiptera Cerusana 2>wp. Platy. p. 532, pi. 264. (1834). 

Teras Treueriana F. v. R. p. 43, pi. 25, figs. 2, a, b. (1838). 

Tortrix (Teras) Treveriana MS. Sehm. iv, p. 151. (1849). 

Teras niveana Hein. Sehm. p. 22. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Ontario. 
Food. — In Europe, Birch. 

7. T. nigrolinea. 

TVras nigrolinea Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soe. ii. p. 281, pi. 7. fig. 67. (1869). 
Teras seneseens Zell. Lep. Westk. Am. p. 9. (1874). 
Habitat. — Maine. Ontario, Vancouver Island. 

8. T. ferruginiguttana. 

Teras ferruginiguttana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Colorado. 

9. T. brewsteriana. 

Teras brewsteriana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 283, pi. 7, fig. 73. (1869). 
Habitat. — Maine, New York. 

10. T. celiana. 

Teras celiana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 28.';. pi. 7, fig. 74. (1869). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York. 

il. T. Iiastiaua. 

Tortrix Hastiana Linn. S. N. x. 532. (1759). 

Tortrix Hastiana Linn. Fau. Su. No. 1328. (1761). 

Pyralis Hastiana Fab. Sys. Ent. 650. (1775). 

Pyralis Logiana Fab. Sys. Ent. 651. (1775). 

Tortrix Scabrana Schif. W. V. p. 130. (1776). 

Pyralis Elevana Fab. Ent. Syst. 269. (1793). 

Pyralis Borana Fab. Ent. Syst. 270. (1793). 

Tortrix Hastiana Frdl. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 23, No. 18. (1828). 

Teras scabrana Treits. Sehm. viii, p. 255. (1830). 

Peronea Hastiana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 171. (1859). 

Teras Hastiana Hein. Sehm. p. 14. (1863). 

The following varieties of this species, occurring in Europe, are given in the 
Catalogue of Staudinger and Wocke, (1871). 

a. Coronana Than. Diss. Ent. i, p. 18, fig. 18. 

b. Buringerana Milb. Tort. 216; Eximiana Haw. Lep. Br. 413. 

c. Byringerana Hub. Vdg. & Sehm. 97; Hub. Tort. 61 ; '.'Scabrana Dup. Platy 

pi. 243, fig. 1. 

d. Leprosana Frdl. En. Tort. Wurt. No. 19; Scabrana H-S. Sehm. 10, 11, 13. 

e. Scabrana Hub. Tort. 58, 169; Sparsana Fro/. En. Tort. Wurt. No. 12. 
/. Autumnana Steph. 111. iv, 155; Obsoletana Steph. 111. iv, 156. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 7 

g. Combustana Hiib. Tort. 234: Steph. 111. iv, 155; Cristana FrSl. En. Tort. 

Wiirt. No. 14. 
h. Aquilana Hiib. Tort. 2::."): Fro/. En. Tort. Wiirt. No. 15; Treits. Schrn:. viii, 

252; Subcristana Steph. 111. iv, 155. 
i. Radiana Hub. Tort. 177; Haw. Lep. Br. No. 58; Ramostriana Steph. 111. iv, 

154: ? Crassana Dup. Suppl. iv, pi. 61, fig. 9. 
k. Divisana Hub. Tort. 198; Steph. 111. iv, 153, pi. 34, fig. 1; Crassana Dup. 

Suppl. iv. pi. 01. fig. 10. 
/. Apiciana Hub. Vog. & Sclim. 49; Hiib. Tort. 87; Treits. Schm. viii, 271; 
x. 3, 135: H-S. Schm. iv, 7. 
m. Psorana Fro/. En. Tort. Wiirt. No. 11. 
n. Mayrana Hiib. Tort. 335; Scabrana H-S. Schm. iv, 12. 
o. Centrovittana Steph. 111. iv, 154. 

p. Albistriana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 412; Steph. 111. iv, 154. 
The following varieties have been found in North America. 

divisana Hub., Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 280, pi. 7. fig. 03. (1809). 
flavivittana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 510, (1804) ; Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. 

Soc. ii, p. 280, pi. 7. (1869). 
perspicuana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 280, pi. 7, fig. 62. (1809). 
maculidorsana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 516, (1864); Robs. Tr. Am. 

Ent. Soc. ii, p. 281, pi. 7, fig. 64. (1869). 
inana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 281, pi. 7, fig. 65. (1869). 
albistriana Wood, 1069. 
'? ptychogrammos Zell. Beitr. p. 7. (1875). 

hudsoniana (Teras) Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 290. (1863). 
caliginosana (Teras) Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 309. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe. Throughout North America. 
Food. — In Europe, Salix caprea, aurita, acuminata. 

12. T. pulverosana. * 

Teras pulverosana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 291. (1863). 
Sciaphila implexana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 338. (1863). 
Teras pulverosana Wlms. 111. p. 3, pi. 61, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat— St, Martin's Falls, Albany River. 

13. T. maccana. 

Teras maccana Treits. Schm. Suppl. x. 3, 133. (1835). 
Teras Erebana Guen. Ind. p. 12. (1845). 

Tortrix (Teras) Maccana H-S. Schm. iv. p. 149; Suppl. 14-6. (1849). 
Peronea maccana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 171. (1859). 
Teras Maccana Hein. Schm. p. 16. (1863). 
Var. a. Basalticola Stgr. Stett. e. z. 1857, p. 268. 
Habitat. — Europe ; Maine, Oregon. 
Food. — In Europe, Vaccinhtm. 

14. T. logiana. 

Tortrix Logiana Schiff. W. V. p. 130. (1770). 
Tortrix Tristana Hub. Tort. fig. 50. (1800). 
Tortrix Logiana Hub. Tort. fig. 04. (1800). 

* This may yet prove to be ;i variety of hastiana Linn. 



8 C. H. FERNALD. 

Peronea Trigonana Steph. 111. iv, p. 159. (1834). 
Tortrix (Teras) Tristana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 142. (1849). 
Tortrix i Teras) Logiana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 143; Suppl. fig. 24. (1849). 
Peronea tristana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 167. (1859). 
Teras Tristana Hein. Schm. p. 17. (1863). 
Var. a. Logiana Hub. Tort. 217. (1800). 

Tristana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 410. (1811). 

Germarana Frol. En. Tort. Wttrt. p. 24, No. 22. (1S28). 

Boscana Steph. 111. iv, p. 159. (1834). 

Erutana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 143; Suppl. fig. 9. (1849). 
Var. b. Plumbosana Steph. 111. iv, p. 158. (1834). • 

The following varieties of this species occur in North America. 

Viburnana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. I860, p. 347; Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. 

p. 281. (1869). 
famula Zell. Beitr. p. 8. (1875). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania. 
Food. — Viburnum, Wild Cherry, (Clern). 

15. T. permutana. 

Glyphiptera Permutana Dup. Platy. p. 449, pi. 262. (1834). 

Tortrix (Teras) Permutatana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 141 : Suppl. 28. (1849). 

Peronea permutana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 174. (1859). 

Teras Permutatana Hein. Schm. p. 19. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; Maine, Illinois, California. 
Food. — In Europe, Rosa ; in America, Willow, (Papilio i, p. 30). 

16. T. ni\ isellana. 

Teras niyisellana Wiim. 111. p. 2, pi. 61, fig. 3. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine, New York, California, Oregon. 

17. T. schalleriana. 

Tortrix Schalleriana Linn. Fau. Su. No. 1339. (1761). 

Tortrix Schalleriana Hub. Tort. 288-9. (1800). 

Tortrix Latifasciana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 65. (1811). 

Tortrix Schalleriana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 73. (1811). 

Teras schalleriana Treits. Schm. viii, 265. (1830). 

Peronea latifasciana Steph. 111. iv, p. 159. (1834). 

Peronea Schalleriana Dup. Platy. p. 152, pi. 243. (1834). 

Tortrix (Teras) Erutana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 143; Suppl. ix, 19. (1849). 

Tortrix (Teras) Schalleriana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 144. (1849). 

Peronea Schalleriana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 165. (1859). 

Teras Schalleriana Hein. Schm. p. 19. (1863). ' 
Habitat. — Europe ; Orono, Maine. 
Food. — In Europe, Symphytum, Salix. 

18. T. Terriigana. 

Tortrix Ferrugana Schiff. W. V. p. 128. (1776). 

Tortrix gnomana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 76. (1811). 

Tortrix bifidana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 77. (1811). 

Tortrix gilvana Friil. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 24, No. 23. (I82S). 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 9 

Tortrix ochreana Fro/. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 25, No. 24. (1828). 

Tortrix conspersana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 28, No. 32. (1828). 

Teras ferrugana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 263. (1830). 

Glyphiptera Ferrugana Dup. Platy. p. 143, pi. 243. (1834), 

Teras Ferrugana F.v.E. p. 40, pi. 23, figs, a-k ; pi. 24, figs, a-h; pi. 25, 
fig. 1, a-e, (1838). 

Tortrix modeeriana Zett. Ins. Lap. 979. (1840). 

longulana Ev. F. V. U. 525. (1844). 

Tortrix (Teras) Ferrugana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 146; Suppl. 407. (1849). 

Paramesia ferrugana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 178. (1859). 

Teras Ferrugana Hein. Schm. p. 25. (1863). 

Peronea gallicolana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 516. (1864). 

Teras semiannula Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 282, pi. 7, fig. 70. (1869). 

Teras ferrugana Zell. Beitr. p. 6. (1875). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Me., Mass., N. Y., Penna., Ohio, Mo. 
Food. — In Europe, Beech, Birch and Oak, (Heinemann). In America, 
Inquiline in Grails of Salicis strobiloides, (Walsh). 

19. T. simpliciana. * 

Teras simpliciana Wlsm. 111. p. 2, pi. 61, fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — New Hampshire, Oregon. 

20. T. oxycoccana. f 

Tortrix oxycoccana Pack. Guide, p. 334. (1869). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts. 
Food. — Cranberry. 

21. T. Cinderella, f 

Tortrix Cinderella Riley, 4th. Mo. Rept. p. 46, fig. 22. (1872). 
Habitat. — Missouri, Texas. 
Food. — Leaves of Apple, (Riley). 

22. T. mali voranu. f 

Tortrix malivorana LeBaron, 1st. 111. Rept. p. 16. (1870). 
Habitat. — Illinois. 
Food. — Leaves of Apple, (LeBaron, Am. Nat. v, p. 209). 

23. T. vaccinii vorana. | 

Tortrix vacciniivorana Pack. New or Little known Insects, (1870) ; Mass. 
Ag. Rept. p. 241. (1870). 
Habitat. — New Jersey. 
Food. — Cranberry. 

24. T. minuta. 

Tortrix minuta Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 276, pi. 6, fig. 49. (1869). 
Teras variolana Zell. Beitr. p. 6. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas, Nevada. 

* Probably a variety of the extremely variable Teras ferrugana Schiff. 
t Prof. Riley thinks these four species are all one, (See Bull. Ent. Com. No. 6, 
p. 82), but surely oxycoccana Pack, must be distinct. 

TRANS. AMF.R. ENT. SOC. X. (3) MAY, 1882. 



]() r. II. FERNALD. 

25. T. fbliana. 

Teras foliana Wlsm. 111. p. 3, pi. 61, figs. 5 4 6. I L879). 
Habitat. — California 

26. T. lisliiama. 

Teras fishiana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. 8oc. x. (1882J 
Habitat. — ( >rono, Maine. 

27. T. chal.i beana. 

Teras ehalybeana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Maine, New York. 

28. T. cerrinana. 

Teras eervinana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Georgia. 

29. T. amei'icana. 

Teras anierieana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 

Habitat. — Massachusetts, California. 



Genus CACCECIA Hub. Verz. bek. Sehm. 1816. 
:;o. « . rosaceana. 

Lozotsenia Rosaeeana Harris, Ins. Inj. 1st. ed. (1841); 3d. ed. (1862). 
Loxotsenia rosaeeana ? Emmons, Nat. Hist. N. Y. Pt. v, Ag. p. 250, pi. 6, 

figs. 8-11. (1854). 
Lozotsenia rosaeeana Fitch, 3d. N. Y. Rept. p. 28. (1859). 
Lozotsenia Rosaeeana Clem. Proc. Pb. Ae. Sc. 1S60, p. 347. (I860). 
Teras vieariana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 287. (1863). 
Tortrix rosaeeana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 262, pi. 1, figs. 1-2 £, 3 $. 

(1869). 
Lozotsenia rosaeeana Pack. Guide. -p. 335. pi. 8, fig. 12. (1869). 
Lozotsenia gossypiana Pack. Guide, p. 335; (Glover's Cotton Ins. Pat. Oil'. 

Rept. 1853, p. 82, pi. 7, fig. 1). (1869). 
Tortrix Arcticana Mosch. Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1874, p. 164. (1874). 
Tortrix (Caccecia) rosaeeana Zell. Beitr. p. 9. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine to California. 

Food. — Rose, Apple, Peach, Cherry, Yellow-birch, Plum, Cotton- 
plant, Clover, Honeysuckle, Beans, Strawberry, Acer negundo, Gornus 
stolon ifera, (Jratsegus. 

31. C. purpurana 

Lozotsenia purpurana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. p. 136, % . (ISfi.;!. 

Tortrix purpurana Hobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 263, pi. 1, fig. 4, % . (1809). 

Tortrix gurgitana Bobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 263, pi. 4, fig. 16, 9. (1869). 

Tortrix Lintneriana Grote. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. iv, p. 424, 9. (1873). 

Tortrix (Cacoecia) purpurana Zell. Beitr. p. 9, % 9. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Wisconsin. 
Food. — Geranium, I Dr. Hoy). 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 11 

32. C infumatana. 

Tortrix (Cacoeeia) infumatana Zell. Beitr. p. 10. (1875). 
Habitat. — Missouri, Wisconsin. 
Food. — Hicki iry . 

33. C. rosaua. 

Tortrix Rosana Linn. S. N. x, 530. (1758). 

Tortrix Ameriana Linn. S. N. x, 531. (1758). 

Pyralis Ameriana Fab. Sys. Ent. 647. (1775). 

Tortrix levigana Schiff. W. V. p. 129. (1776). 

Pyralis variana Fab. Mant. Ins. ii, p. 231. (1787). 

Pyralis Levigana Fab. Ent. Syst. 253. (1793). 

Tortrix Oxyacanthana Hub. Tort. fig. 117, 9. (1800). 

Tortrix Acerana Hiib. Tort. fig. lis, %. (1800). 

Tortrix Rosana Hub. Tort. fig. 302. (180-). . 

Tortrix branderiana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 94. (1811 J. 

Tortrix fuscana Haiv. Lep. Br. No. 95. (1811). 

Tortrix rosana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 96. (1811). 

Tortrix oxyacanthana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 97. (1811). 

Tortrix Acerana Frol. En. Tort. Wilrt. p. 31, No. 38. (1828). 

Tortrix leevigana Trci/s. Schm. viii, p. 62. (1830). 

Lozotsenia nebulana Steph. 111. iv, p. 74. (1834). 

Lozotsenia Isevigana Steph. 111. iv, p. 74. (1834). 

Tortrix oxycanthana Dup. Platy. p. 74, pi. 238. (1834). 

Tortrix acerana Dup. .Platy. p. 76. pi. 239. (1834). 

Tortrix Lsevigana F. v. R. p. 17, pi. 11, fig. 2, & p. 292, pi. 98. (1838). 

Tortrix (Lozotsenia) Lsevigana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 159. (1840). 

Lozotsenia Rosana Wdk. Br. Tort. p. 63. (18*59). 

Tortrix (Cacoeeia) Rosana Hein. Schm. p. 34. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; New York. 

Food. — In Europe, Leaves of Apple, Elm, Willow, Birch, Wild Rose,. 
Raspberry, Hazel, Linden, Aspen, Hawthorn, Currant, Gooseberry ; 
in America, Currant, (James Angus). 

34. C. cerasivorana. 

Lozotsenia Cerasiyorana Fi/ch, N. Y. Ag. Rept. p. 382, pi. 2, fig. 3. (1856). 

Tortrix cerasivorana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 275, pi. 6, fig. 47, £ . ( 1869). 

Tortrix (Cacoeeia) eerasivorana Zcll. Beitr. p. 11. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Missouri, Colorado. 
Food. — Cherry, Betida alba var. popidifolia. 

35. C rileyana. 

Cacoeeia fervidana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 313. (1863). 

Tortrix rileyana Grotc. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 121. (1868). 

Tortrix rileyana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 271, pi. 4, fig. 28, 9 . 1 1869). 

Tortrix Rileyana Riley, 1st. Mo. Rept. p. 153, pi. 2, figs. 3 & 4. (1869). 

Tortrix (Loxotsenia) Rileyana Zell. Beitr. p. 15. (1875). 
Habitat. — Georgia, Missouri, Texas. 
Food. — -Hickory. Snow-berry. Vernonia fasciculata, Walnut. 



12 C. II . FERNALD. 

36. C. parallela. 

Tortrix parallela Bobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 267, pi. 4, fig. 17. (1869). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Illinois. 

36£. C. zapulata. 

Tortrix zapulata Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 264, pi. I, fig. 7. (1869). 

Habitat. — Illinois, Missouri. 

37. C. obsoletana. * 

Teras obsoletana Walk. Cat. Lep. Ilet, xxviii, p. 288, % . (1863). 
Lozottenia vesperana Clem.. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 136, % . (1865). 
Tortrix vesperana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 266, pi. 1, fig. 12, % . (1869). 
Lozottenia obsoletana Wlsm. 111. p. 11, pi. 63, fig. 1, % . (1879). 

Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Texas. 

38. C. transitu ran a. * 

Caccecia transiturana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 312, £>• (1863). 
Tortrix sanbornana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 265, pi. 1, fig. 8. (1869). 
Cacoecia transiturana Wlsm. 111. p. 8, pi. 62, fig. 4, 9. (1879). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Florida, Texas. 

39. C. argysospila. 

Retinia argyrospila Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 373. (1863). 
Tortrix furvana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 265, pl.'l, fig. 9. (1869). 
Tortrix v-signatana Pack. Mass. Ag. Rept. p. 238. (1870). 
Tortrix (Loxotsenia) furvana Zell. Beitr. p. 13. (1875). 
Cacoecia argyrospila Wlsm. 111. p. S, pi. 62, figs. 5 & 6. (1879). 
Habitat.— Mass., N. Y., Ohio, Mo., Tex., Cal., Me. 
Food. — jEsculus californica, (Null.). Prof. Riley wrote me that he* 
had bred it on Rose, Apple, Hickory, Oak, Soft Maple, Elm and 
Wild Cherry. 

40. C. semif'erana. 

Lophoderus ? semiferanus Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 336. (1863). 
Tortrix flaccidana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 277, pi. 6, fig. 53. (1869). 
Tortrix (Loxotrenia) flaccidana Zell. Beitr. p. 13. (1875). 
Caccecia semiferana Wlsm. 111. p. 7, pi. 62, figs. 2 & 3. (1879). 

(Robinson's fig. 48, pi. 6, Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, is a male of this species). 
Habitat. — Canada, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Texas. 
Food. — " Various species of Oak, and a strongly marked variety on 
Hickory," (Miss Murtfeldt). 



* I have never seen a female of obsoletana, and only males are reported ; and 
I have never yet seen a male of transiturana. Walker reports his types as male 
and female, but all three are females. Robinson reports his as male and female, 
but neither the collection which he left to the Central Park Museum, nor the one 
he gave to the Ent. Soc. Phila., contains a male, so that he may have been mis- 
taken, and had only females before him, and it may yet be proved that tllese are 
the sexes of one species. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 13 

41. C fervitlaiia. 

Lozotsenia fervidana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. p. 347. (1860). 

Tortrix paludana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 275, pi. 6, fig. 45, % . (1869). 
Habitat. — New York, Pennsylvania. 
Food.— Oak. 

42. C georgiana. 

Retinia Georgiana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 372. (1863). 
Tortrix Georgiana Grote, Bull. Buf. Soc. i, p. 15, pi. 1, fig. 4. (1873). 
i Cacoecia georgiana W/sm. 111. p. 9, pi. 62, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Georgia, Texas; Brazil (?). 

43. C fractivittana. 

Lozotsenia fractivittana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 136. (1865). 
Tortrix fractivittana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent, Soc. ii, p. 265, pi. 1, fig. 10, % . (1869). 
Tortrix fumosa Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 268, pi. 4, fig. 19, J. (1869). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Virginia, Illinois, Ohio. 

44. C. grisea. 

Abbott's unpublished 111. of N. A. Insects, pi. 174. 

Tortrix grisea Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 268, pi. 4, fig. 18, £ . (1869). 
Habitat. — Ohio, Missouri, Texas. 
■ Food. — Rudbeckia, (Abbott) ; White Oak, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

Genus L,OXOTyENIA Steph. 111. iv. 1834. 

45. Ii. afflictana. 

Sciaphila? afflictana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 337. (1863). 

Lozotsenia fuscolineana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 137. (1865). 

Tortrix fuscolineana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 266, pi. 1. fig. 11. (1869). 

Lophoderus afflictanus W/sm. 111. p. 14. pk 63, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat.— N ova Scotia, Me., N. H., Mass., N. Y., Va., Cal. 
Food. — Fir. 

46. L,. niusciilaiia. 

Tortrix Musculana Hub. Tort. fig. 98. (1800). 

Tortrix trifaseiana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 100. (1811). 

Tortrix musculana Frbl. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 34, No. 49. (1828). 

Sciaphila musculana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 175. (1830). 

Sciaphila Musculana Dup. Platy. p. 381. pi. 255. (1834). 

Tortrix (Lozotsenia) Musculana H-S. Schm iv, p. 168; Suppl. 53. (1849). 

Lozotsenia musculana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 56. (1859). 

Tortrix (Loxotsenia) Musculana Hein. Schm. p. 39 (1863). 
Habitat: — Europe ; Oregon, (Walsingham). 

Food. — In Europe, Agrimonia, Genista, Solidayo, Achillea, Stachys, 
Scrophidaria, Eubus, Betula, Salix, Galium, Quercus, Pyrus and Tilia. 

47. L. \ i rosea iia. 

Smicrotes virescana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 1411. (1865). 
Tortrix (Loxotsenia) sescuplana Zell. Beitr. p. 14. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Texas. California. 



14 C. H. FERNALD. 

48. Li. glaucana. 

Lozottenia glaucana Wlsm. 111. p. 13, pi. 63, fig. 6. (1879% 
Habitat. — Southern Oregon. 

49. Li. cleuiensiana. 

Tortrix (Loxotsenia) Clemensiana Fernald, Can. Ent. xi, p. 155. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Wisconsin. 

Genus PTYCHOLOMA Steph. 111. iv, 1834. 

oo. P. persicana. » 

Croesia Persicana Fitch, N. Y. Ag. Rept. p. 357. (1856). 

Ditula? blandana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 515. (1864). 

Lozottenia fragariana Pack. Guide, p. 335. (1869). 

Tortrix (Argyrotoxa) conigerana Zcll. Beitr. p. 21, pi. S, fig. 3. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York. 
Food. — Peach, Strawberry. 

51. I*, melaleucana. 

Lophoderus melaleueanus Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 335. (1S63). 

Conchylis invexana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 358. (1863). 

Ptycholoma ? semifuscana Clem. Proc Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 519. (1864). 

Tortrix melaleucana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 271, pi. 4, fig 29. (1869). 

Tortrix (Ptycholoma) melaleucana Zell. Beitr. p. 17. (1875). 

Ptycholoma melaleucanum Wlsm. 111. p. 10, pi. 62, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — Me., Mass., N. Y., Penna., Va., Ohio. 
Food. — Trillium erectum, Polygonatum biflorum. 

52. P. dissitana. 

Tortrix (Ptycholoma) Dissitana Grote, N. A. Ent. i, p. 29. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine, New York. 

Genus I'VVDIHIS Hub. Verz. bek. Schm. 1816. 

53. I*, limitata. 

Tortrix limitata Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 264, pi. 1, fig. 6. (1869). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Missouri. 
Food. — Oak, Sassafras, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

54. P. lamprosana. * 

Tortrix lamprosana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 264, pi. 1, fig. 5. (1869). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas. 

55. P. alba ii iu ii a. 

Teras albaniana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 288. ( I8S3). 
Pandemis albaniana Wlsm. 111. p. 11, pi. 62, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — St. Martin's Falls, Albany River, Hudson's Bay, California. 

* Lord Walsingham doubtfully refers this species to albaniana Walk., of which 
he obtained specimens in California: but these do not agree with the type of 
lamprosana, so I prefer to keep t hem separate till we learn more about them. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 15 

Genus LOPHODERUS Steph. 111. iv, 1834. 
50. L. miuisi rana. 

Tortrix ministrana Linn. S. N. x. 531. (1759). 

Tortrix Ministrana Schiff. W. V. p. 128. (1776). 

Tortrix Ferrugana Hub. Tort. fig. 56. (1800). 

Tortrix ministrana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 10. (1811). 

Tortrix ministrana Frbl. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 42, No. 79. (1828). 

Tortrix ministrana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 89. (1830). 

Tortrix Ministrana Dup. Platy. p. 96, pi. 240. (1834). 

Tortrix Ferrugana Dup. Platy. p. 478, pi. 261. (1834). 

Lophoderus subfaseianus Steph. 111. iv, p. 144. (1834). 

Tortrix (Lophoderus) Ministrana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 175. (1849). 

Eulia ministrana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 17. (1859). 

Tortrix (Lophoderus) Ministrana Hein. Schm. p. 43. (1863). 

Habitat.— Europe ; Nova Scotia, Me., N. Y., Wis., 111. 
Food. — In Europe, Betula, Ehamnus, Sorbus. 

57. Ii. quadrifasciana. 

Lophoderus quadrifasciana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York. 

58. Ii. juglandana. 

Tortrix (Lophoderus) juglandana Fern. Can. Ent. xi, p. 155. (1879). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Ontario, Ohio, Wisconsin. 
Food. — Hickory. 

59. Ii. trilerana. 

Caccecia fcriferana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 314. (1863). 

Tortrix incertana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 138. (1865). 

Tortrix incertana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 278, pi. 6, figs. 57, 58. (1869). 

Lophoderus triferanus Wlsm. 111. p. 15, pi. 63, fig. 9. (1879). 

Habitat.— Me., N. H., Mass., N. Y., Penna., Va., Ohio, Tex. 

Food. — Cranberry, (Pack. Hayd. Surv. x, p. 523 ; Mass. Ag. Rept. 
1870, p. 240); Elm, Soft Maple, Oak, Apple, Rose, Beans, Gnaphalium 
polycephalum, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

60. Ii. politana. * 

Tortrix politana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 229. (1811). 
Tortrix sylvana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 109. (1830). 
Sericoris pulchellana Steph. 111. iv, p. 135. (1834). 
Tortrix Sylvana F. v. R. p. 40, pi. 22, fig. 4. (1838). 
Tortrix (Lozotsenia) Sylvana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 162. (1849). 
Tortrix (Lozotsenia) Lepidana H-S. Schm. Suppl. 413. (1S49). 
Sericoris politana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 271. (1859). 
Tortrix (Lophoderus) Politana Hein. Schm. p. 41. (1863). 
? Tortrix (Lophoderus) politana Fern. Dep. Ag. Rept. 1SS0, p. 264. (1S81 ). 
Habitat.— Europe ; Me., N. H., Mass., N. Y., D. C. 

* Prof. P. C. Zeller believes lutosana and incertana of Clemens to be identical 
with the European politana, and has identified politana above for me. After 
examining a large number of these insects, I do not feel quite prepared to unite 
them with politana. 



16 C. H. FERNALD. 

Food. — In Europe, Centaurea jacea, Potentilla, Ranunculus acris, 
Vaccinium, Myrti.llus, Erica vulgaris, Myrica gale ; in America, Pinus 
strobus. 

61. I., veliitinana. 

Cacoecia? velutinana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 313. (1863). 

Tortrix lutosana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 138. (1865). 

Tortrix lutosana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 279, pi. 6, fig. 59. (1869). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Missouri, Texas. 
Food,— Laurel Oak, Balsam Fir, Maple, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

62. I>. gloverana. 

Lophoderus gloveranus W/sm. 111. p. 14, pi. 63, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — New York, California. 

63. Ii. coloradana. 

Lophoderus coloradana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Colorado. 

64. L.. mariana. 

Lophoderus mariana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (18S2). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York. 
Food.— Oak ? 

Genus SCIAPH1L4 Treits. Schm. viii, 1830. 

65. S. osseana. 

Tortrix osseana Sc. Ent. Carn. p. 238. (1763). 

Tortrix Pratana Hub. Tort. figs. 227-8. (180-): 

Tortrix quadripunctana Haw. Lep. Br. No. 237. (1811). 

Tortrix pratana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 67, No. 153. (182S). 

Tortrix pratana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 101. (1830). 

Argyroptera Pratana Dup. Platy. p. 446, pi. 259. (1834). 

Tortrix boreana Zett. Ins. Lap. p. 980. (1840). 

Tortrix (Ablabia) Pratana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 178. (1849). 

Ablabia pratana With. Br. Tort. p. 257. (1859). 

Sciaphila (Ablabia) Osseana Hein. Schm. p. 54. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; Labrador, ( Christop. Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1858, p. 313). 
Food. — In Europe, Compositse, Cruci/erse, Graminese. 

66. S. it i veosaua . * 

Sciaphila niveosana Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xi, p. 55. (1866). 
Habitat. — Labrador. 

67. S. argeutana. 

Tortrix argentana CI. Ic. ii, 14. (1759-64;. 
Tortrix Goiiana Linn. Fau. Su. p. 349. (1761 ). 
Tortrix Gouana Linn. S. N. xii, 879. (1767). 
Pyralis Govana Fab. Sys. Ent. p. 651. (1775). 
Tortrix Argentana Schiff. W. V. p. 127. (1776). 
Pyralis Gouana Fab. Sp. Ins. p. 283. (1781). 

* Wocke makes this synonymous with osseana Sc, but it is certainly distinct. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 17 

Tortrix Argentana Hilb. Tort. fig. 86. (1^00). 
Tortrix Magnana Hub. Tort. figs. 225-6. (180-). 
Pyralis Margaratalis Hub. Pyr. fig. 48. (180-). 
Tortrix Gouana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 67, No. 152. (1828). 
Tortrix gouana Treits. Schm. viii, 102. (1830). 
Argyroptera Gouana Dup. Platy. p. 444, pi. 259. (1834). 
Tortrix (Ablabia) Gouana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 177. (1849). 
Sciaphila (Ablabia) Gouana Hein. Schm. p. 54. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; California, (Walsingham) ; Nevada, (Morrison). 

68. S ? basiplagana. 

Sciaphila basiplagana Wlsm. 111. p. 23, pi. 65, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

69. S ? trigonana. 

Sciaphila trigonan'a W/sm. 111. p. 22, pi. 65, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

70. S ? horariaua. 

Sciaphila horariana Wlsm. 111. p. 22, pi. 65, fig. 6. (1879). 

Habitat. — Oregon. 

71. S. nioeschleriana. 

Tortrix (Dichelia) Mceschleriana Wocke, Stett. Ent. Zeit. p. 45. (1862). 
Tortrix algidana Mcesch. Wien. Ent. Mon. vi, p. 138. (1862). 
Tortrix gelidana Mcesch. Wien. Ent. Mon. vi, pi. 1, figs. 9, 10. (1862). 
Tortrix algidana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 272, pi. 5, fig. 32. (1869). 
Tortrix gelidana Pack. Guide, p. 334. (1869). 
Habitat. — Labrador, White Mts., New Hampshire. 

Genus TORTRIX Linn. S. N. x. 1758. 

72. T. alleniana. 

Tortrix alleniana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Orono, Maine. 

73. T. pallorana. 

Tortrix pallorana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 266, pi. 1, fig. 13. (1869). 
Habitat.— Mass., N. Y., Penn., Ohio, 111., Tex. 
Food. — Cherry, Silphiummtegri folium, Verbena hastata, (Coquilfett). 

74. T. lata. 

Tortrix lata Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 266, pi. 1, fig. 14. (1869). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Illinois. 

75. T. houstonana. 

Tortrix Houstonana Grote, Bull. Buf. Soc. i, p. 15, pi. 1. fig. 5. (1873). 
Lozotsenia retana Wlsm. 111. p. 13, pi. 63, fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

76. T. quercifbliana. 

Argyrolepia quercifoliana Fitch, N. Y. Ag. Rept. p. 826. (1858). 

Tortrix (Argyrotoxa) trifurculana Zell. Beitr. p. 20. (1875). 
Habitat. — New York, Texas. 
Food.— Oak. 

TltANS. AMKIt. ENT. SOC. X. (5) MAY, 1882. 



18 C. H. FERNALD. 

77. T. albicomana. * 

Xanthosetia albicomana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 137. (1865). 
Tortrix albicomana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 273, pi. 5, figs. 41 , 42. (1869). 
Tortrix (Argyrotoxa) albicomana Zell. Beitr. p. 21. (1875). 

Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., Penn., W. Va., Ohio, Mo., Tex. 
Food. — Rose, Oak, ( Miss Murtfeldt) ; Aquilegia canadensis (Kellicott). 

78. T. bergmaniiiana. * 

Tortrix Bergmanniana Linn. S. N. x, 531. (1757). 

Tortrix Bergmanniana Schiff. W. V. p. 126. (1776). 

Pyralis Bergmanniana Fab. Ent. Syst. iii, p. 273. (1793). 

Tortrix Rosana Hub. Tort. fig. 137. (1800). 

Tortrix Bergmanniana Hub. Tort. fig. 310. (180-). 

Tortrix Bergmanniana Frol. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 76, No. 177. (1828). 

Tortrix bergmanniana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 121. (1830). 

Tortrix Bergmanniana Dup. Platy. p. 114, pi. 241. (1834). 

Argyrotoza Bergmanniana Sleph. 111. iv, p. 173. (1834). 

Tortrix (Argyrotosa) Bergmanniana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 170. (1849). 

Croecia Bergmanniana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 153. (1S59). 

Tortrix (Argyrotoxa) Bergmanniana Hein. Schm. p. 48. (1863). 

Tortrix Bergmanniana Zell. Lep. Westk. Am. p. 11. (1874). 
Habitat. — Europe; Vancouver Island, (Zeller). 
Food. — In Europe, Rhamnus, Rosa. 

79. T. peritana. 

Smicrotes peritana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. p. 356. (1860). 
Tortrix peritana Bobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 277, pi. 6, fig. 52. (1S69). 
Habitat. — Maine, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas. 

80. T. franciscana. 

Lozottenia franciscana Wlsm. 111. p. 13, pi. 63, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 
Food.— Wild Lupin ? 

81. T. fucana. 

Lozotsenia fucana Wlsm. 111. p. 12, pi. 63, fig. 2. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

82. T. semicirculana. 

Tortrix semicirculana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Colorado. 

R2£. T. alisellana. 

Tortrix alisellana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 267, pi. 1, fig. 15. (1869). 
Habitat. — Ohio. 

83. T. fiimiferana. 

Tortrix? fiimiferana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 139. (1865). 
Tortrix nigridia Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 268, pi. 4, fig. 20. (1869). 

Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., Penn., Ohio, 111., Wis. 
Food. — Spruce, Fir, Pine, Hemlock, Larch, Taxus. 

* I much doubt if these are really distinct species. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 1!) 

84. T. coiiflietana. 

Tortrix conflietana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 323. (1863). 
Heterognomon conflietanus Wlsm. 111. p. 10, pi. 62, fig. 9. (1879). 
Habitat. — Hudson's Bay, Maine, Massachusetts, Illinois. 

Genus AMORBIA Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. 8c. 1800. 

85. A. humerosana. 

Amorbia humerosana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 352. (1860). 

Tortrix humerosana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 275, pi. 6, fig. 46. (1869). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Ontario. 
Food. — Lindera Benzoin, Rhus Toxicodendron, (L. W. Goodell). 

86. A. cuneana. 

Hendecastema cuneanum Wlsm. 111. p. 4, pi. 61, figs. 8-10. (1S79). 

Var. adumbranum. 
Habitat. — California. 
Food. — Arctostaphylos glauca f (Lindl.). 

Genus SYNNOMA Wlsm. 111. 1879. 

87. S. linosyrana. 

Synnoma lynosyrana Wlsm. 111. p. 24, pi. 65, figs. 9, 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 
Food. — Linosyris viscidiflora. 

Genus CEXECTRA Guenee. Ind. 1845. 

88. CE. pilleriana. 

Tortrix Pilleriana Schif. W. V. p. 126. (1776). 

Pyralis Pilleriana Fab. Mant. Ins. ii, p. 227. (1787). 

Pyralis Vitana Fab. Ent. Syst. iii, p. 249. (1793). 

Pyralis Pilleriana Fab. Ent. Syst. iii, p. 251. (1793). 

Tortrix Luteolana Hub. Tort. fig. 136. (1800). 

Tortrix Pilleriana Bub. Tort. fig. 172. (1800 . 

Tortrix pilleriana Treits. Schm. viii, p. S3. (1830). 

Tortrix Pilleriana Dup. Platy. p. 91, pi. 239. (1834). 

(Enectra Pilleriana Guen. Ind. p. 8. (1845). 

(Enophthira Pilleriana Dup. Meth. Cat. (1845). 

Tortrix (Lozotrenia) Pilleriana IIS. Schm. iv, p. 162; Suppl. 349. (1849). 

(Enectra Pilleriana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 40. (1859). 

Tortrix ((Enectra) Pilleriana Hein. Schm. p. 50. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Texas, California. 

Food. — In Europe, Clematis vitalba, Stachys germanica, Iris foztid- 
issima, Artemisia campestris, and very destructive to Yitis vinifera. 

89. <E. rudana. 

(Enectra rudana Wlsm. 111. p. 16, pi. 64, figs. 1, 2. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon, California. 

90. <E. seiiecionana. 

(Enectra senecionana Wlsm. 111. p. 17, pi. 64, fig. 3. ( 1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon, California. 
Food. — Senecio. 



20 C. H. FERNALD. 

91. CE. unifasciana. * 

Crceeia? unifasciana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 516. (1864). 
Tortrix puritana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 271, pi. 5, fig. 30. (18f>9). 
Tortrix (Dichelia) puritana Zell. Beitr. p. 23. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania. 

92. <E. xanthoides. 

Begunna xanthoides Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxvii, p. 190. (1863). 

Teras xanthoides Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 290. (1863). 

Leptoris breviornatana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 140. (1865). 

Tortrix breviornatana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 269, pi. 4, figs. 24 9 > 

25 %. (1869). 
Cenopis ? xanthoides Wlsm. 111. p. 20, pi. 64, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — Me., Mass., N. Y., Va., Canada W., Vancouver Id. 

93. CE. irrorea. 

Tortrix irrorea Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 274, pi. 5, fig. 44. (1869). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Colorado. 

94. CE. inconditana. 

(Enectra inconditana Wlsm. 111. p. 16, pi. 63, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — California, Oregon. 

95. CE. violaceana. 

Tortrix violaceana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 271, pi. 5, fig. 31. (1869). 
Tortrix ((Enectra) violaceana Zell. Beitr. p. 23. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York. 

96. CE. flavibasana. 

(Enectra flavibasana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Texas, Illinois. 

Genus CENOPIS Zeller, Beitr. 1875. 

97. C. quercana. 

Cenopis quercana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — New York, Missouri. 
Food.— Oak,. (Comstock); Cherry, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

98. €. reticulatana. 

Crceeia? reticulatana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 353. (1860). 

Teras subauratana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 289. (1863). 

? Teras directana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 309. (1863). 

Tortrix reticulatana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 272, pi. 5, figs. 33,34. (1869). 

Tortrix (Batodes) reticulatana Zell. Beitr. p. 27. (1875). 
Var. mecospila Zell. Beitr. p. 27. (1875). 

Habitat.— -N. S., Me., N. H. Mass., N. Y., Penn., W. Va., Tex. 
Food. — Oak, Osage Orange, Maple, Persimmon, Pear, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

* Robinson suppressed Clemens' name because it was preoccupied in the genus 
Tortrix of Treitschke, but in breaking up this unnatural genus, the unifasciana of 
Duponehel does not fall into the same genus with our species, and I therefore 
restore the original name of Clemens. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 21 

99. €. pettitaua. 

Tortrix Pettitana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 269, pi. 4, figs. 21-23. (1869). 
' Cenopis Pettitana Zell. Beitr. p. 34. (1875). 
Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., Canada W., Ohio, III, Mo., Tex. 
Food.— Oak, Hickory, Rose, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

100. C. diluticostana. 

Cenopis diluticostana Wlsm. 111. p. 18, pi. 64, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat— •" Eastern States of North America," (Wlsm.). 

101. €. groteana. 

Cenopis groteana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 

Habitat. — Ohio. 

102. C. testulana. 

Cenopis testulana Zell. Beitr. p. 35. (1875). 

Habitat. — Texas. / 

103. C. cana. 

Tortrix cana Bobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 276, pi. 6, fig. 50. (1869). 

Habitat— New York, Pennsylvania. 

Genus DICHEL.IA Guen. Ind. 1845. 

104. D. piilcherrimana. 

Cenopis pulcherrimana Wlsm. 111. p. 19, pi. 64, fig. 8. (1879). 

Habitat. — Texas. 

Food.— Leaves of Oeltis, (Boll.). 

105. D. earyse. 

Tortrix caryse Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 270. pi. 4. fig. 26. (1869). 

Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Illinois, Texas. 
Food. — Hickory ? 

ion. J>. sulfureana. 

Croec'a? sulfureana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. p. 353. (1860). 

Conchylis gratana Walk. Cat. Lop. Het. xxviii, pf 359. (1863). 

Croecia? fulvoroseana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 516. (1864). 

Crceeia? Virginiana Clem. Proc. Ent, Soc. Ph. iii, p. 517. (1864). 

Croecia? gallivorana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 517. (1864). 

Tortrix sulfureana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 273, pi. 5, figs. 37-40. (1S69). 

Tortrix (Dichelia) sulfureana Zell. Beitr. p. 24. (1875). 
Var. Belfrageana Zell. Beitr. p. 26. (1875). 

Cenopis graeilana Wlsm. 111. p. 18, pi. 64, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat.— Me., N. H, Mass, N. Y, Penn, Va, Ohio, 111., Mo.. 

Wis, Tex, Can. 

Food— Clover, (Comstock) ; Vitis, (Boll.) ; Ranunculus acns (Kelh- 
cott) ; Inquilines in the willow galls Salicis strobiloidcs and S. brassi- 
coides, (Walsh). 

107. I>. demissana. 

Cenopis demissana Wlsm. 111. p. 19, pi. 64, a g . 9. I 1879). 

Habitat. — Texas. 

(6) 



22 C. H. FERNALD. 

108. D. californiana. 

Dichelia californiana Wlam. 111. p. 21, pi. 65, figs. 2, 3. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

109. I>. tunicaua. 

Dichelia tunicana Wlsm. 111. p. 20, pi. 65. fig. 1. (1879). 

Habitat. — California. 

Genus AMI'II IS A Curt. Br. Ent. 1828. 
no. A. discopuiictaiia. 

Coelostathma diseopunctana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 355. (1860). 
Tortrix diseopunctana Hobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 276, pi. 6, fig. 51. (1869). 
Tortrix (Amphisa) diseopunctana Zell. Beitr. p. 28. (1875). 

Habitat.— Isle , Mass., N. Y., Penn., D. C, Mo., Tex. 
Food. — Clover. 

Genus CAPUA Steph. 111. iv, 1834. 

111. C. furcatana. 

Dichelia furcatana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 319. (1863). 
Tortrix furcatana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 270, pi. 4, fig. 27. (1869). 
Tortrix (Dichelia) furcatana Zell. Beitr. p. 26. (1875). 
Capua furcatana Wlsm. 111. p. 21, pi. 65. fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio. 

112. <'. leiitigiiiosaiia. 

Capua lentiginosana Wlsm. 111. p. 22, pi. 65, fig. 5. (1S79). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

Genus PLATYUOTA Clem. Proc. Ph. Acad. Sc. 1860. 

113. P. flavedana. 

Platynota flavedana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 348. (1860). 

Tortrix concursana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 324. (1863). 

Tortrix flavedana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 27S, pi. 6, fig. 55 % . (1869). 

Tortrix laterana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 278, pi. 6, fig. 56 £. (1869). 

Tortrix (Platynota) flavedana Zell. Beitr. p. 30. (1875). 

Habitat.— He., Mass., N. Y., Penn., D. C, Tex. 

Food. — Clover, Rose, Sassafras, Maple, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

114. P. rostrana. 

Teras rostrana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 290. (1863). 

Teras restitutana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 292. (1863). 

Teras connexana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 293. (1863). 

Platynota rostrana Wlsm. 111. p. 5, pi. 62, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Florida, St. Domingo, Venezuela. 
Food. — Leaves of Orange. 

115. P. tiuctana. 

Teras tinotana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 289. (1863). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

116. P. labiosana. 

Tortrix (Platynota) labiosana Zell. Beitr. p. 31. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 23 

117. P. exasperatana. 

Tortrix (Platynota) exasperatana Zell. Beitr. p. 32. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, New York, Texas. 

lis. P. sentana. 

Platynota sentana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. So. 1860, p. 348. (1860). 
Tortrix sentana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 277, pi. 6, fig. 54. (1869). 
Tortrix (Platynota) sentana Zell. Beitr. p. 29. (1875). 

Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., Penn., Md., D. C, Tex. 
Food. — Viburnum pruni/olium, Sanguinaria. 

Subfamily Conchylin;e Mihi. 

Genus IDIOGRAPHIS Lederer, Wien. Ent. Monats. 1859. 

119. I. inopiana. 

Tortrix inopiana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 469. (1811). 

Xanthosetia inopiana Steph. 111. iv, p. 192. (1834). 

Tortrix (Euchromia) Centrana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 205; Suppl. 373. (1849). 

Halonota inopiana Wi/k. Br. Tort. p. ICO. (1859). 

Idiographis centrana Led. Wien. Ent. Monats. iii, p. 246. (1S59). 

Tortrix (Idiographis) Centrana Hein. Schm. p. 38. (1863). 

Tortrix Inopiana Nolcken, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1869, p. 283. (1869). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Maine, New York, California. 
Food. — In Europe, Artemisia campestris, (Nolcken, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 
1869, p. 283). 

120. I. fnlviplicana. 

Idiographis fulviplicana Wlsm. 111. p. 25, pi. 66, fig. 2-3. (1879). 

Ha b itat. — California. 

121. I. eegrana. 

Idiographis segrana Wlsm. 111. p. 26, pi. 66, fig. 4. (1879). 

Habitat. — Oregon. 

Genus CONCHYLIS Treits. Schm. viii, 1830. 

122. C. floccosana. 

Conchylis floccosana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 358. (1863). 
Tortrix confusana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 274, pi. 5, fig. 43. (1869). 
Idiographis floccosana Wlsm. 111. p. 27, pi. 66, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia, Pennsylvania. 

123. C. vitellinana. 

Conchylis vitellinana Zell. Beitr. p. 37. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts. 

124. C saxicolana. 

Cochylis saxicolana Wlsm. 111. p. 29, pi. 67, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

125. C. sartana. 

Pharmacia sartana Hub. Zutr. figs. 223, 224. (1822). 

Conchylis bimaculana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 285, pi. 8, fig. 78. (1869). 
Conchylis bimaculana Zell. Beitr. p. 37. (1875). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Georgia, Texas. 



24 C. H. FERNALD. 

' ■_'*'.. C straminoides. 

Conchylis straminoides Grote, Bull. Buf. Soc. i, p. 16. (187;?). 
Habitat. — New York. 

127. C. scissana. 

Conchylis scissana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 360. (1863). 
Cochylis scissana Wlms. 111. p. 28, pi. 66, fig. S. (1879). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia. 

128. €. smeatlimaiiniana. 

Pyralis Smeathmanniana Fab. Sp. Ins. 278. (1781). 

Tortrix Fabriciana Hub. Tort. fig. 149. (1800). 

Tortrix Fabriciana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 401. (1811). 

Tortrix Smeathmanniana Fro/. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 39, No. 71. (1828). 

Cochylis Smeathmanniana Treils. Sohm. viii, p. 274. (1830). 

Cochylis Smeathmanniana Dup. Platy. p. 413, pi. 258. (1834). 

Tortrix (Cochylis) Smeathmanniana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 185. (1849). 

Tortrix (Cochylis) Stachydana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 185. (1849). 

Lozopera Smeathmanniana With. Br. Tort. p. 313. (1859). 

Conchylis (Coccyx) Smeathmanniana Hein. Schm. p. 80. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Maine, California. 

Food. — In Europe, Flower heads of Achillea millefolium and Anthe- 
mis co tula. 

129. C. kiiidermaniiiaiia. 

Cochylis Kindermanniana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 276. (1830). 

Cochylis Kindermanniana Dup. Platy. p. 415, pi. 258. (1834). 

Cochylis Kindermanniana F. v. E. p. 18, pi. 12, fig. 1. (1838). 

Tortrix (Cochylis) Kindermanniana H-S. Schm. p. 184; Suppl. 68. (1819). 

Conchylis (Coccyx) Kindermanniana Hein. Schm. p. 80. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; California, (Walsingham): 
Food. — In Europe, Artemisia campestris, Fyrethrum corymbosum. 

130. C deutschiana. 

Tortrix Deutschiana Zett. Ins. Lap. p. 981. (1840). 

Lutulentana H-S. n. Schm. p. 5, fig. 35. (1856). 

Cochylis Lutulentana Lah. Tort. p. 40, No. S3. (1857). 
Conchylis Deutschiana Wocke, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1862, p. 48 : 1864, p. 204. 
Lozopera? fuscostrigana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. ii, p. 417. (1864). 
Conchylis chalcana Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xi, p. 56. (1866). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Labrador. 

131. C. rutilana. 

Tortrix Rutilana Hub. Tort. fig. 249. (1 80-). 

Tortrix rutilana Frbl. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 74, No. 172. (1828). 

Tortrix (Cochylis) Rutilana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 182. (1849). 

Dapsilia rutilana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 318. (1859). 

Conchylis (Argyrolepia) Rutilana Hein. Schm. p. 78. (1863). 

Dapsilia rutilana Riley, Dept. Ag. Rept. 1878, p. 247, pi. v, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Maine, New York. 
Food. — In Europe and America, Juniper. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 25 

132. C. dorsimaculana. 

Lozopera? angustana || Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. I860, p. 354. (1860). 
Conchylis dorsimaculana Bobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 285, pi. 8, fig. 79. (1869). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Texas. 

133. C. prompt sum. 

Conchylis promptana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 286, pi. 8, fig. 80. (1869). 

Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Texas. 

134. C fernaldana. 

Cochylis fernaldana Wlsm. 111. p. 27, pi. 66, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — California, Oregon. 

135. C. seriatana. 

Conchylis seriatana Zell. Beitr. p. 38. (1875). 
Ha bitat. — Texas. 

136. C intactana. 

Cochylis intactana Wlsm. 111. p. 27, pi. 66, fig. 6. (1879). 

Habitat. — California. 

137. €. angulatana. 

Conchylis angulatana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 2S6, pi. S, fig. 81. (1869). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Massachusetts. 

138. €. argentilimitana. 

Conchylis argentilimitana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 287, pi. 8, fig. 82. 

(1869). 
Conchylis argentilimitana Zell. Beitr. p. 36. (1875).. 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Texas. 

139. C. parallelana. 

Cochylis parallelana Wlsm. 111. p. 28, pi. 66, fig. 9. (1879). 
Ha b it at. — California. 

140. C. transversana. 

Cochylis transversana Wlsm. 111. p. 28, pi. 66, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — California, 

141. C. labeculana. 

Conchylis labeculana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 287, pi. 8, fig. 83. (1869). 

Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 

142. €. lepidana. 

Argyrolepia? lepidana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 355. (1860). 
Conchylis lepidana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 287, pi. 8, fig. 84. (1S69). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 

143. C. interrnptofaseiata. 

Conchylis interruptofasciata Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 287. pi. 8, fig. 85. 

(1869). 

Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 

TRANS. AMUn. ENT. SOC. X. (7) .MAV, 1SSJ. 



26 C. H. FERNALD. 

144. C. bunteana. 

Conchylis bunteana Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 288, pi. 8, fig. 86. (1869). 
Conchylis Bunteana Zell. Beitr. p. 39. (1875). 
. Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 

145. C. oenotherana. 

Conchylis oenotherana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 316. (1881). 
Habitat. — Missouri, Texas. 
Food. — (Enothera. 

146. <'. erigeronana. 

Conchylis erigeronana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 316. (1881). 
Habitat. — Texas. 
Food. — Galls on Erigeron Canadense ? 

147. C. latipuuctana. 

Cochylis latipunctana Wlsm. 111. p. 29, pi. 67, fig. 2. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

148. C. dilutana. 

Cochylis dilutana Wlsm. 111. p. 29, pi. 67, fig. 3. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

149. C. nana. 

Tortrix nana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 439. (1811). 

Eupoecilia nana Steph. 111. iv, p. 182. (1834). 

Eupoecilia Carneana Guen. Ind. p. 60. (1845). 

Penthina ochreoalbana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 375. (1863). 

Habitat. — Europe; Nova Scotia, (Walker). 

150. <'. campicolana. 

Cochylis campicolana Wlsm. 111. p. 29, pi. 67, fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

151. C parvimacnlana. 

Cochylis parvimaculana Wlsm. 111. p. 30, pi. 67, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

152. C. glaucofuscana. 

Conchylis glaucofuscana Zell. Beitr. p. 39. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

153. C. dubitana 

Tortrix Dubitana Hilb. Tort. fig. 82. (1800). 

Tortrix dubitana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 52, No. 108. (1828). 

Cochylis dubitana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 283. (1830). 

Cochylis Dubitana Dwp. Platy. p. 420, pi. 258.- (1834). 

Eupredlia dubitana Steph. 111. iv, p. 183. (1834). 

Tortrix (Cochylis) Dubitana IIS. Schm. iv, p. 192. (1849). 

Eupoecilia dubitana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 298. (1859). 

Conchylis (Coccyx) Dubitana Hein. Schm. p. 90. (1863). 

Sirmethis albidana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxxv, p. 1807. (1866). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Nova Scotia, (Walker). 
Food. — In Europe, Senecio, Picris, Hieracium, Circium r Centaurea. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 27 

Subfamily Grapholithinje Mihi. 

Genus RETINI A Guen. Ind. 1845. 

154. R. frustrana. 

Retinia frustrana (Scud, mss.) Comst. Dept. Ag. Rept. 1879, p. 236. (1880). 

Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Virginia. 
Food. — Pinus inops and rigida. 

155. R. rigidana. 

Retinia rigidana Fern. Dept. Ag. Rept. 1879, p. 237. (1880). 
Habitat. — New York. 
Food. — Pinus rigida. 

156. R. comstockiana. 

Retinia? Comstockiana Fern. Can. Ent. xi, p. 157. (1879). 

Retinia? Comstockiana Comst. Dept. Ag. Rept. 1879, p. 235. (1880). 
Habitat. — New York, Maryland. 
Food. — Pinus rigida. 

157. R. turionana. 

Tortrix Turionana Hub. Tort. 220-1. (180-). 

Tortrix Turionana Frbl. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 69, No. 158. (1828). 

Coccyx turionana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 137. (1830). 

Coccyx Turionana Dup. Platy. p. 233, pi. 247. (1834). 

Tortrix turionana Ratz. Forst. i, p. 207, pi. 14, fig. 3. (1839). 

Tortrix (Coccyx) Turionana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 222. (1849). 

Retinia Turionella Wdk. Br. Tort. p. 222. (.1859). 

Retinia Turionana Hein. Schm. p. 94. (1S63). 
Habitat. — Europe; Nevada, (Morrison). 
Food. — In Europe, Pine, Scotch Fir. 

158. R. duplaua. 

Tortrix Duplana Hub. Tort. figs. 229, 230. (180-). 

Coccyx duplana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 138. (1830). 

Coccyx Spadiceana Dup. Platy. p. 524, pi. 263. (1834). 

Coccyx duplana Ratz. Forst. i, p. 209, pi. 14, fig. 5. (1837). 

Tortrix (Coccyx) Duplana H-S. Schm. iv, p/222. (1S49). 

Retinia duplana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 221. (1859). 

Retinia Duplana Hein. Schm. p. 93. (1863). 
Habitat.— Europe ; Oregon, (Walsingham). 
Food. — In Europe, Buds of Pinus sylvestris. 

159. R. sylvestrana. 

sylvestrana Curt. An. & Mag. N. H. 2, v, 3. (1850). 

Retinia sylvestrana Wdk. Br. Tort. p. 220. (1859). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Oregon, (Walsingham). 
Food. — In Europe, Buds of Pinus picea. 

160. R. piuivorana. 

?Orthotamia Resinella Steph. 111. iv, p. 179. (1834). 
Piuivorana Zell. Isis, 1846, p. 225. (1846). 



28 C. H. FERNALD. 

Tortrix (Coccyx) Pudehdana HS. Schm. iv, p. 222; Suppl. 149,150. (1849). 

Retinia Pinivorana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 219. (1859). 

Retinia Pinivorana Hein. Schm. p. 95. (1863). 
Var. Coccyx Sciurana Tgstr. Bidr. p. 158. (1847). 
Habitat. — Europe; Oregon, (Walsingham). 
Food. — In Europe, Young shoots of Pinus abies. 

161. R? siibcervinana. 

Retinia subeervinana Wlsm. 111. p. 25, pi. 66, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

Genus EITDEMIS Hub. Verz. bek. Schm. 1816. 

162. E. botrana. 

Tortrix Botrana Schif. W. V. p. 131, No. 26. (1776). 

Phalpena vitisana Jacq. Misc. ii, p. 97. (1788). 

Asthenia Reliquana Hub. Verz. p. 381. (1816?). 

Cochylis reliquana Treits. Schm. x, 3, p. 146. (1835). 

Tortrix (Coccyx) Botrana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 225. (1S49). 

Lobesia reliquana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 280. (1859). 

Endopiza? Viteana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1S60, p. 359. (1860). 

Penthina vitivorana Pack. Guide, p. 336, pi. 8, fig. 22. (1869). 

Penthina vitivorana Riley, 1st. Mo. Rept. p. 133, pi. 2, figs. 29-30. (1869). 

Penthina vitivorana Walsh & Riley, Am. Ent. i, p. 177. (1869). 
Habitat. — Europe; Mass., N. Y., Penn., Ohio, Mo., Tex. 
Food. — In Europe, leaves and fruit of grape vine ; in America, Tulip, 
Vemonia and leaves and fruit of grape vine ; " swollen stems of Amorpha" 
(Boll.) ; Wild Raspberry, Sassafras, (Clemens). 

Genus BACTRA Steph. 111. iv, 1834. 

163. B. lanceolana. 

Tortrix Lanceolana Hub. Tort. 80. (1800). 

Tortrix Dibeliana Hub. Tort. 272. (180-). 

Tortrix pauperana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 469. (1811). 

Tortrix expallidana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 469. (1811). 

Tortrix egenana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 469. (1811). 

Tortrix egestana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 470. (1811). 

Tortrix plagana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 470. (1811). 

Tortrix lanceana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 98, No. 239. (1828). 

Phoxopteris lanceolana Treits. Schm. viii, 324. (1830). 

Phoxopteryx lanceolana J>up. Platy. p. 239, pi. 253, fig. 1. (1834). 

Bactra egenana Steph. 111. iv, p. 124. (1834). 

Bactra pauperana Steph. 111. iv, p. 125. (1834). 

Bactra expallidana Steph. 111. iv, p. 125. (1834). 

Bactra egestana Steph. 111. iv, p. 125. (1S34). 

Bactra plagana Steph. 111. iv, p. 125. (1834). 

pauperana Curt. Br. Ent. pi. 599. 

Tortrix (Aphelia) Lanceolana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 243; Suppl. 317. (1849), 

Signana H-S. Suppl. 317. (1849 ?). 

Bactra lanceolana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 145. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Aphelia) Lanceolana Hein. Schm. p. 134. (186.'!). 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 29 

Var. verutana Zell. Beitr. p. 41. (1875). 

Habitat. — Europe ; Texas. 

Food. — In Europe, Juncus ylomeratns. 

164. B. f'urfiiraiia. 

Tortrix furfurana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 466. (1811). 

acutana Ev. F. V. U. p. 529. (1844). 

Phoxopteris Lamana Zell. Isis, p. 257. (1846). 

Tortrix (Aphelia) Scirpana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 243. (1849). 

Tortrix (Aphelia) Pauperana H-S. Suppl. ?»()2. (1849?). 

Bactra furfurana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 147. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Aphelia) Furfurana Hein. Schm. p. 135. (1 863). 

Bactra furfurana Zell. Beitr. p. 41. (1875). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Massachusetts. 
Food. — In Europe, Juncus glomeratus, Scirpus lacustris. 

Genus EC < OIVSIS Zell. Lepidoptera Microptera, 1852. 

165. E. fagigeiiiniieaiia. 

Exartema fagigemmseana Cham. Can. Ent. x, p. 74. (1878). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Kentucky. 
Food. — Fag us syhatica, (Leaf buds). 

166. E. nitidana. 

Exartema nitidana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 356. (I860). 
Serieoris nitidana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 133. (1865). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania? 

167. E. ferrugiueana. 

Exartema ferrugiueanum Rilei/, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 317. (1881). 
Habitat. — Missouri. 
Food. — Plum leaves. 

168. E. iiionetiferaiia. 

Exartema monetiferarum Rilei/, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 317. (1881). 
Habitat. — Alabama. 

169. E. sericoraua. 

Exartema serieoranum W/sm. 111. p. 36, pi. 68, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 

170. E. zelleriana. 

Exartema nitidanum Zell. Beitr. p. 64, pi. 8, fig. 15. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine. 
Food. — Leaves of Betida alba var. populifolia. 

171. E. permmidaiia. 

Exartema permundana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. I860, p. 356. (1860). 

Sciaphila Meanderana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 341. (1863). 
' Serieoris permundana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 134. (1865). 

Exartema permundanum Zell. Beitr. p. 67. (1875). 
Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., Penn., D. C, Va., Mo. 
Food. — Raspberry, Blackberry, Hazel, Spirsea salicifolia. 

(8) 



30 C. H. FERNALD. 

172. E. olivaceana. 

Eceopsis olivaceana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts. Pennsylvania. 

173. E. coiieiiinana. 

Serieoris concinnana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 134. (1865). 
Seriooris foedana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 135. (1865). 

Habitat. — Virginia. 

174. E. versicolorana. 

Exartema versicolorana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 357. (1860). 
Exartema appendiceum Ze/l. Beitr. p. 69. (1875). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Pennsylvania ? 

175. E. puiictana. 

Serieoris versicolorana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 136. (1865). 
Exartema punctanum Wlsm. 111. p. 37, pi. 68, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, California. 

176. E. alrodciitaiia. 

Eceopsis atrodentana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Ohio, Illinois, Texas. 

177. E. fascia I ana. 

Exartema fasciatana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 357. (1860). 
Sciaphila decisana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 340. (1863). 
Serieoris fasciatana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 134. (1865). 
Exartema albofasciatum Zell. Beitr. p. 66, pi. 8, fig. 16. (1875). 
Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., Penn., Ohio, 111. 

178. E. cor j lana. 

Eceopsis corylana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, Missouri. 
Food. — Hazel. 

179. E. exoleta. 

Exartema exoletum Ze/l. Beitr. p. 64. (1875). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York. 

180. E. inoriiataua. 

Exartema inornatana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 357. (1860). 

Carpocapsa clavana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 395. (1863). 

Serieoris inornatana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 134. (1865). 

Exartema quadrifidum Zell. Beitr. p. 62, pi. 8, fig. 14. (1875). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas. 
Food. — Leaves of White Oak. 

181. E. malaiia. 

Eceopsis malana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — New York, Illinois. 
Food. — Terminal huds of Apple trees, (Coquillett). 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 31 

182. E. loot i una. 

. Eccopsis footiana Fern. Bull. Buf. Soc. vol. iv. (1882). 

Habitat.— New York. 

Food. — Hamamelis virginica, (Kellicott). 

183. E. ferriferana. 

Sciaphila? ferriferana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxvin, p. 34... (1863). 
Sericoris gratiosana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 134. (1865). 
Grapholitha (Pcecilochroma?) usticana Zell, Beitr. p. 87, pi. 9, fig. 26. (1875). 
Exartema ferriferanum Wlsm. 111. p. 37, pi. 75, fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — Virginia. 

Genus PENTHINA Treits. Schm. viii, 1830. 

184. P. intermistana. 

Mixodia? intermistana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 140. (1865). 
Penthina tessellana Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xi, p. 58. (1866). 
Habitat. — Labrador. 

185. P. septentrionana. 

Orthopia septentrionana Curt. App. Ross' 2d. Arctic Voyage, p. 77. (1831). 
Sciaphila primariana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 336. (1863). 
Penthina fulvifrontana Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xi, p. 59. (1866). 
Habitat.— Arctic America, Labrador. 

186. P. frigidana. * 

Penthina frigidana Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xi, p. 57. (1866). 

Habitat.— Labrador, New Hampshire. 

187. P. nimbatana. 

Antithesia nimbatana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 346. (1860). 
Penthina contrariana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 374. (1863). 

Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., Perm., Wis., 111. 
Food. — Rose. 

188. P. consanguinana. 

Penthina consanguinana Wlsm. 111. p. 30, pi. 6<, fig. 6. (1879). 

Habitat. — California. 

189. P. capreana. 

Tortrix Capreana Hub. Tort. fig. 250. (180-). 
Penthina capreana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 27. (1830). 
Antithesia Capmana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 23. (1859). 
Penthina Mcestana Wocke, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1862, p. 52. (1862). 
Grapholitha (Penthina) Capreana Hein. Schm. p. 106. (1863). 

Habitat.— Europe ; Labrador, (Moeschler). 
Food.— In Europe, Birch, Willow. 

190. P. dimidiana. 

dimidiana Sodof. Bull. M. 1830, p. 73, pi. 7. ( 

Penthina dimidiana Treits. Schm^^^M^). 



* Probably, this wa^hl^edel^ Christoph. had before him as a new species 
near sauciona, see Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1858, p. 313. 



32 C. H. FERNALD. 

Penthina atropunctana Zett. Ins. Lap. p. 977. (1840). 

Penthina Ochromelana Guen. Ind. p. 18. (1845). 

Tortrix (Penthina) Dimidiana H-S. Sehm. iv, p. 228; Suppl. 1(54-5. (1849). 

Antithesia dimidiana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 28. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Penthina) Dimidiana Hein. Sehm. p. 1 09. (1S63). 
Habitat. — Europe; Missouri, (Riley rnss.). 

Food. — In Europe, Betula, Alnus, Tilia ; in America, Wild Black 
Cherry, (Miss Murtfeldt). 

191. P. Iiartmanniana. 

Tortrix Hartmanniana Linn. Fan. Su. No. 1322. (17fil). 

Tortrix Lineana Schiff. W. V. p. 131. (1776). 

Tortrix Scriptana Hub. Tort, fig. 110. (1800). 

Tortrix scriptana Frol. En. Tort. Wtirt. p. 57, No. 124. (1828). 

Tortrix hartmanniana Treits. Sehm. viii, p. 91. (1S30). 

Penthina Hartmanniana Dup. Platy. p. 201, pi. 245. (1834). 

Ditula scriptana Steph. 111. iv, p. 8fi. (1834). 

Tortrix (Penthina) Hartmanniana H-S. Sehm. iv, p. 227. (1849). 

Braehytsenia Hartmanniana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 19. (1S59). 

Grapholitha (Penthina) Hartmanniana Hein. Sehm. p. 106. (1863). 
Var. a. nubiferana Steph. 111. iv, p. 91. (1834). 
Var. b. Penthina alheolana Zell. Beitr. p. 56. (1875). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Maine, Massachusetts, New York. 

192. P. griseoalbana. 

Exartema griseoalbanum Wlsm. 111. p. 38, pi. 68, fig. 9. (1879). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 

193. P. coiiditana. 

Penthina conditana Wlsm. 111. p. 31, pi. 67, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

194. P. hebesana. 

Sciaphila hebesana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 342. (1863). 

Carpocapsa inexpertana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 394. (1863). 

Penthina Fullerea Riley, Journal of Horticulture. (1868). 

Penthina Fullerea Riley, Am. Ent. ii, p. 204, 371. (1870). 

Penthina hebesana Wlsm. 111. p. 31, pi. 67, fig. S. (1879). 
Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., N. J., Penn., Mo., Tex., Cal. 
Food. — Tigridia, Verbena, Antirrhinum. 

195. P. cyanana. 

Penthina cyanana Mart. Am. Ent. iii, p. 14. (1880). 
Habitat. — Missouri, Pennsylvania. 
Food. — Rose. 

196. P. interruptolineaua. 

Penthina interruptolineana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent, Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 33 

197. P. heiiiidcsina. 

Euchromia hemidesina Zell. Beitr. p. 55, pi. 8, fig. 1 1. (1875). 

Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, California. 
Food. — Sp irsta salic I folia . 

198. P. marina. 

Penthina murina Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xi, p. 60. (1866). 
Habitat. — Labrador. 

199. P. osmuiitfana. 

Penthina osmundana Fern. Can. Ent. xi. p. 156. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania. 
Food. — Osmunda r ego lis. 

200. P. malacliitaiia. 

Grapholitha (Pcecilochroma) malachitana £e//. Beit. p. 86, pi. 9, fig. 25. (1875). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Missouri, Texas, South America (?). 
Food. — Persimmon. 

201. P. roseomaculaiia. 

Tortrix (Penthina) Roseomaculana H-S. Sehm. iv, p. 229 ; Suppl. 163. (1849). 

Grapholitha (Penthina) Lienigiana Hein. Sehm. p. 111. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Labrador, (Moesch. Stett. Ent, Zeit. 1874, p. 165). 
Food. — Pyrola secunda, (Moeschler). 

202. P. costimaculaiia. 

Tenthina costimaeulana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 

Habitat. — Orono, Maine. 

203. P ? chioiioseiiia. 

Penthina? Chionosema Zell. Beitr. p. 59. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York. 

Genus S1ISM OltIS Treits. Sehm. viii, 1830. 

204. H. nubilana. 

Sideria? nubilana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soe. Ph. v. p. 140. (1860). 
Sideria ? nubilana Pack. Guide, p. 333. (1869). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania ? Wisconsin. 

205. S. votulaua. 

Sericoris vetulana W/sm. 111. p. 32, pi. 07, fig. 9. (18791. 
Habitat. — Texas. California. 

2or>. S. auricapitana. 

Sericoris auricapitana Wlsm. 111. p. 33, pi. 67, fig. 10. (1879.). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania? New York. 

y 207. S. agilana. 

Endopiza? agilana Clem. Proc Ph. Ac. Se. L860, p. 359. (1860). 

Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 

Food. — Tmpatieris fulva, ( Kellicott). 

TRANS. A.MER. ENT. SOC. X. (9) MAY, 1882. 



34 C. H. FERNALD. 

208. s. albiciliana. 

Sericoris albiciliana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Sue. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Orono, Maine. 

209. S. <*lial.i beana. 

Sericoris chalybeana Wlsrn. 111. p. 34, pi. 68, fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon, California. 

210. S. coruscana. 

Antithesia? coruscana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 346. (1860). 
Habitat. — Maine. New York, Pennsylvania. 

211. M. argyroelana. 

Sericoris argyroelana Zell. Beitr. p. 71. (1875). 
Habitat. — New York. 

212. S. constellatana. 

Sericoris constellatana Zell. Beitr. p. 73. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York. Ohio. 

213. S. rivulana. 

Tortrix Rivulana Sc. Ent. Cam. No. 600. (1763). 

Pyralis rivellana Fab. Sys. Ent. p. 654. (1775). 

Tortrix Rivulana Schiff. W. V. p. 131. (1776). 

Tortrix Conchana Hub. Tort. fig. 106. (1800). 

Tortrix conchana Haw. Lep Br. p. 460. (1811). 

Tortrix rivellana Fro/. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 62, No. 137. (1828). 

Sericoris conchana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 148. (1830). 

Sericoris Conchana Duj>. Platy. p. 208, pi. 246. (1834). 

Tortrix (Sericoris) Conchana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 213. (1849). 

Sericoris conchana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 266. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Sericoris) Rivulana Hein. Schm. p. 123. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; California, Oregon, (Walsingham). 
Food. — In Europe, Ahius. 

214. S. urticana. 

Tortrix Urticana Hub. Tort. fig. 65. (1800). 

Tortrix urticana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 460. (1811). 

Sericoris urticana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 145. (1830). 

Tortrix (Sericoris) Urticana H-S. Schm. p. 215: Suppl. 209-210. (1849). 

Sericoris Urticana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 267. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Sericoris) Urticana Hein. Schm. p. 126. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; California, (Walsingham). 

Food. — In Europe, Betula, Lonicera, Rubus, Salix. Ulmus, Vicia, 
Epilobium, Varcinium, Urtica. 

215.' s. astrologana. 

Sericoris astrologana Zetl. Beitr. p. 75. (1.S75.- 
Habitat. — Texas, 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 35 

216. S. punclicostaiia. 

Sciaphila punctieostana Walk. Cat. Lep. Ilet. xxviii, p. 339. (1863). 
Serieoris punctieostana Wlsm. 111. p. 33, pi. 68, fig. 1. (1879). 

Habitat. — Nova Scotia, California? 

217. S. instrutana. . 

Exarteraa fasciatana " Var?" Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. I860, p. 357. (1860). 

Serieoris instrutana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soe! Ph. v, p. 135. (1865). 

Serieoris poana Zell. Beitr. p. 76. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio. 
Food. — Clover, (Comstock); JEsculus ylabra, (Claypole). 

218. v turfosana. 

Tortrix (Serieoris) Turfosana H-S. Sehm. iv, p. 217: Suppl. 220-1. (1849). 
Grapholitha (Penthina) Turfosana Hein. Schm. p. 114. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Labrador, ( Moesch.) ; Orono. Maine. 

219. S. campestrana. 

Serieoris campestrana Zell. Beitr. p. 76, pi. 8, fig. 17. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts. 

220. S. fuscalbana. 

Serieoris fuscalbana Zell. Beitr. p. 78, pi. 8, fig. 18. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, Ohio. 

221. S. glaciana. 

Serieoris glaeiana Moesch. Wien. Ent. Monat. iv, p. 380, pi. 10, fig. 9. (1860). 
Habitat. — Labrador, Ontario. 

222. S. dealbana. 

Penthina dealbana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p 374. (1863). 
Serieoris dealbana Wlsm. 111. p. 34, pi. 68, fig. 3. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine. 

223. S. dilutifiiscana. 

Serieoris dilutifuscana Wlsm. 111. p. 33, pi. 68, fig. 2. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon . 

224. S. bipartitana. * 

Antithesis bipartitana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 346. (1860). 
Antithesia bipartitana Pack. Guide, p. 333. (1869). 
Serieoris cfesialbana Zell. Beitr. p. 79, pi. 8, fig. 19. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts. 

225. S. similisana. 

Penthina similisana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 373. (1863). 
Habitat.— Hudson's Bay, Nova Scotia, Me., N. H., N. V. 

:; The type of this species is from Massachusetts, and is identical with Seri- 
eoris aesiulbana Zell. In the collection of Dr. Clemens are three examples from 
Labrador, (see Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. ii, p. 418), which he regarded conspecific with 
bipartitana. In my opinion, they are distinct, but are identical with similisana 
Walk. Until we have more positive evidence of their identity. I prefer to regard 
them as distinct. 



iX 



3(J C. II. PERNALD. 

22i>. S? inqiiietaiia. 

Psedisca inquietana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 378. (1863). 
Mixodia? sp. M'Lachlan, Jour. Linn. Soc. Zool. 14, No. 74, p. 1 1(5. 
Habitat. — Arctic America, (Jrinnell Laud. 

227. S. ii i\ eigiiltana. 

Phsecasiophora? niveiguttana Grote, Bull. Buf. Roc. i, p. 91, pi. 2, fig. 15. 
(1S73). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Missouri. 
Food. — Sassafras, ( Miss Murtfeldt) ; Hamamelis virginica, (Kellicott). 

228. S. sehulziana. 

Pyralis sehulziana Fab. Gen. Ins. 293. (T 777;. . 

Tortrix Pinetana Hiib. Tort. fig. 57. (1800). 

Tortrix Ahrensiana Hub. Tort. figs. 337-8. (180-). 

Tortrix Bentleyana Don. N. H. x, pi. 357, fig. 1. (1801). 

Tortrix Zinckenana Fro/. En. Tort. Wiirt. No. 64? (182S). 

Serieoris zinckenana Treiis. Schm. viii, p. 143. (1830). 

Serieoris Zinckenana Dup. Platy. p. 225. pi. 247. (1834). 

Serieoris Sehulziana Zett. Ins. Lap. p. 9S3. (1840). 

Tortrix (Serieoris) Zinckenana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 210. (1849). 

Mixodia Sehulziana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 276. (1859). 

Grapholitha ( Serieoris) Sehulziana Hern. Schm. p. 120. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; Arctic America, (Curtis App. Ross 2d. Arctic 
Voy. p. 77 ). 

Food. — In Europe, Finns sylvestris. 

Genus PILEC4SIOPHORA Grote, Bull. Buf. Soc. i. 1873. 

229. P. confixana. 

Sciaphila confixana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 340. (1863). 
Sciaphila? perductana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 341. (1863). 
Serieoris mutabilana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 135. (1S65). 
Phsecasiophora mutabilana Grote. Bull. Buf. Soc. i, p. 90, pi. 2. figs. 4, 5, 6. 

(1873). 
Phsecasiophora mutabilana Ze/l. Beitr. p. 70. (1875). 
Phseeasiophora confixana Wlsm. 111. p. 36, pi. 68, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat. — New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia. 

Genus PJRDISCA Treits. Schm. viii, 1830. 

230. I>. cirenlana. 

Eucosma Circulana Hub. Zutr. figs. 303. 364. (1S22). 
Callimosema scintillana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p ; 142. (1865). 
Callimosenm scintillana Pack. Guide, p. 337. (1869). 
Psedisca dodecana Ze/l. Beitr. p. 105, pi. 9, fig. 40. (IS75). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Georgia, Texas. 

231. I*, quiiiqiieinaciilaua. 

I lohchylis quinquemaculana Bobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 2s4, pi. 8, fio\ 76. 
(1869). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. .'>7 

232. P. robinsonana. 

Conchylis Robinsonana Grote, Can. Ent, iv, p. 101. (1872). 
Psedisca quintana Zell. Beitr. p. 98, pi. 9, fig. 35. and 34, var. b. (1875). 
Habitat. — Georgia, Texas, Missouri, Illinois. 

233. P. bolauderana. 

Psedisca bolanderana Wlsm. 111. p. 42, pi. fi9, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

234. P. agassizii. 

Conchylis agassizii Robs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 284, pi. 8, fig. 75. (1869). 

Habitat. — Texas. 

235. P. ridingsana. 

Conchylis ridingsana Bobs. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 285, pi. 8, fig. 77. (1869). 
Conchylis argentifureatana Grote, Can. Ent. viii, p. 206. (1876). 
Conchylis hipeana Grote, Can. Ent, viii, p. 207. (1876). 
Habitat. — Ontario, Texas, Colorado. 

236. P. fernaldana. 

Psedisca Fernaldana Grote, N. Am. Ent. p. 98. (1880). 
Habitat. — Kentucky, Colorado. 

237. P. crambitaiia. 

Psedisca crambitana Wlsm. 111. p. 43, pi. 70, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

238. P. moiiogramniana. 

Psedisca monogrammana Zell. Beitr. p. 107, pi. 9, fig. 41. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

239. P. larana. 

Psedisca larana Wlsm. 111. p. 43, pi. 70, fig. 2. (1879). 

Habitat. — California. 

240. P. Inritlana. 

Psedisca luridana Wlsm. 111. p. 44. pi. 70, fig. 3. (1S79). 
Habitat. — California. 

241. P. argentialbana. 

Psedisca argentialbana Wlsm. 111. p. 44. pi. 70, fig. 4. (1879). 

Habitat. — Texas. 

242. P. albignttana. 

Psedisca albiguttana Zell. Beitr. p. 107. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

243. P. atomosana. 

Psedisca atomosana Wlsm. 111. p. 42, pi. 09, fig. 9. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

244. P. agricolana. 

Psedisca agricolana Wlsm. 111. p. 42, pi. 69, fig. 8. I 1879). 
Habitat. — California, Oregon. 

(10) 



38 (J. H. FERNALD. 

245. F. basipunctana. 

Psedisca? basipunctana Wiam. 111. p. 40, pi. 69, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

246. 1*. subplicaua. 

Predisca? subplioana Wlsm. 111. p. 41, pi. 49, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. Oregon . 

247. I*, primulana. 

Psedisca primulana Wlsm. 111. p. 45, pi. 70, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

248. I*, eataclystiana. 

Psedisca eataclystiana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 378. (1863). 

Steganoptycha? oohreana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 520. (1864). 

Steganoptycha? ochreana Pack. Guide, p. 337. (1869). 

Psedisca eataclystiana Wlsm. 111. p. 46, pi. 70, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine, Virginia, Texas, California. 
Food. — Ambrosia, (Boll.). 

249. 1*. comatiilana. 

Psedisca comatulana Zell. Beitr. p. 110. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

250. P. occipitaua. 

Psedisca oc'eipitana Zell. Beitr. p. 109. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

251. I*, iiunierosaiia. 

Psedisca numerosana Zell. Beitr. p. 111. (1875;. 
Habitat. — Texas. . 

252. P. giganteana. 

Psedisca giganteana Biley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 31 S. (1881). 
Habitat. — Illinois, Iowa, Kansas. 

253. P. perdricana. 

Psedisca perdricana Wlsm. 111. p. 49, pi. 71, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat. —California. 

254. P. glonierana. 

Psedisca glomerana Wlsm. 111. p. 49, pi. 71, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

255. P. t'uliiiiiiaiia. 

Psedisca fulminana Wlsm. 111. p. 50, pi. 71, fig. y. (1879). 
Habitat. — Texas, Illinois. California. 

256. P. irroratana. 

Psedisca irroratana Wlsm. 111. p. Is, pi. 71, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 



AMERICAN LEP1DOPTERA. 39 

257. P. bipunctella. 

Affa bipunctella Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxvii, p. 202. (1863). 
Paedisea Worthingtoniana Fern. Can. Ent. x, p. 83. (1878). 
Psedisea bipunctella Wlsm. 111. p. 47, pi. 71, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Illinois. 

258. P. grandiflavana. 

Paedisea grandiflavana Wlsm. 111. p. 47, pi. 71, fig. 2. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

259. P. subflavana. 

Paedisea subflavana Wlsm. 111. p. 48, pi. 71, fig. 3. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

260. P. shastana. 

Psedisea shastana Wlsm. 111. p. 46, pi. 70, fig. 9. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

261. P. biquadrana. 

Paedisea biquadrana Wlsm. 111. p. 45, pi. 70, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

262. P. maculatana. 

Psedisea maculatana Wlsm. 111. p. 48, pi. 71, fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

263. P. palpana. 

Psedisea palpana Wlsm. 111. p. 54. pi. 72, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

264. P. radicana. 

Paedisea radicana Wlsm. 111. p. 53, pi. 72, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oreg< >n . 

265. P. passeraiia. 

Psedisea passerana Wlsm. 111. p. 49, pi. 71, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

266. P. canaua. 

Psedisea canana Wlsm. 111. p. 50, pi. 71, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

267. P. culmiiiaua. 

Psedisea culminana Wlsm. 111. p. 38, pi. 68, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

268. 1*. rectiplicaua. 

Paedisea rectiplicaua Wlsm. 111. p. 40, pi. 69, fig. :;. (1879J 
Habitat. — California. 

269. P. terracoctaua. 

Psedisea terraeoctana Wlsm. 111. p. 39, pi. 69, fig. 2. (18' 
Habitat. — California. 



40 C. H. FERNALD. 

270. P. juiicticiliaua. 

Rhyacionia . juncticiliana Wlsm. 111. p. 75, pi. 77, fig. 9. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, California. 

271. P. piilveratana. 

Psedisca piilveratana Wlsm. 111. p. 45, pi. 70, fig. fi. (1879). 
Habitat. — Texas. California. 

272. P. nigralbaua. 

Psedisca nigralbana Wlsm. 111. p. 41, pi. 69, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine,. California. 

273. P. abbrcviatana. 

Psedisca abbreviatana Wlsm. 111. p. 54, pi. 72, fig. 9. (1879). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, District of Columbia. 

274. P. consl rictana 

Psedisca? constrictana Zelt. Beitr. p. 99, pi. 9, fig. 36. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

275. P. abi-iiptana. 

Psedisca abruptana Wlsm. 111. p. 53, pi. 72, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

276. P. solicitana. 

Grapholita solicitana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 387. (1863). 
Halonota Packardiana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. ii, p. 417. (1864). 
Psedisca tephrinana Zell. Beitr. p. 103. (1875). 
Psedisca solicitana Wlsm. 111. p. 55, pi. 72, fig. 10. (1879). 

Habitat. — Labrador, Nova Scotia, Me., N. H., Mass., N. Y. 
Food. — Betula alba var. populifo/ia. 

277. P. transmissana. 

Penthina transmissana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 375. (1863). 
Psedisca transmissana Wlsm. 111. p. 52. pi. 72, fig. 3. (1879). 
Habitat.— -Nova Scotia, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire. 

278. P. strenuana. 

Grapholita strenuana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 383. (1863). 

Grapholita exvagana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 383. (1863). 

Steganoptycha flavocellana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 13S. (1865). 

Grapholitha subversana Zell. Beitr. p. 112. (1875). 

Psedisca strenuana Wlsm. 111. p. 52, pi. 72. iig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Pennsylvania. Missouri, Texas. 
Food. — Ambrosia, ( Boll. ). 

279. P. birsiitaua. 

Psedisca hirsutana Wlsm, 111. p. 50, pi. 72, fig. 1. (1870). 
Habitat. — California, Oregon . 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 41 

280. 1*. trigeiniiiaiia. 

Spilonota trigeminana Steph. 111. iv, p. 194, pi. .".7, fig. 3. (1834). 

Spilonota argyrana 9 Steph. 111. iv, p. 95. (1834). 

Ephippiphora Poecilana Guen. Ind. p. 4;i. (1845). 

Tortrix (Psedisca) Poecilana H-S. Sclun. iv, p. 241 ; Suppl. 226. (1849). 

Halonota trigeminana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 94. (1S59). 

Grapholitha (Psedisca) Poecilana Htin. Schin. p. 152. (1863). 

Habitat. — Europe ; California, Oregon. 

2si. p. vertuiimaiia. 

Psedisca vertumnana Zell. Beitr. p. 104. (1875). 
Habitat. — New York, Texas. 

282. P. celtisana. 

Psedisca celtisana Riley. Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 319. (1881). 
Habitat.— Texas 
Food. — Celtis. 

283. P. matutina. 

Penthina matutina Grote, Bull. Buf. Soc. i. p. 92, pi. 2, fig. 9. (1873). 

Habitat. — Texas. 

284. P. illotana. 

Psedisca illotana Wlsm. 111. p. 39. pi. 69, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

285. P. scudderiaiia. * 

Kedya Scudderiana Clem. Proe. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 358, % . (1860). 

Euryptychia saligneana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 141, %. (1865). 

Euryptychia saligneana Pack. Guide; p. 337. (1869). 

Euryptychia saligneana Riley, 2d. .Mo. Kept. p. 134. tig. 99. (1870). 
"Psedisca affusana Zell. Beitr. p. 101, pi. 9, fig. 38, £. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Illinois. 
Foods.— (Sails of Solidago, (('tin. Ent, x. p. 201). 

286. P. desertana. 

Psedisca desertana Zdl. Beitr. p. LOO, pi. 9, Eg. 37. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. Now York. 

287. P. tripartitana. 

Psedisca tripartitana Zell. Beitr. p. 102, pi. 9, tig. 39. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

288. P. otiosaua. 

Monosphragis otiosana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. i860, p. 354. (1860). 
Psedisca inclinana Zell. Beitr. p. 95, pi. 9, tig. 32. Us75). 
Habitat.— 'New York, Illinois, Texas. 



: Prof. Riley believes that this species is identical with the European ci/nosbana 
Fab., (see Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv. p. .".29, footnote, and Bull. Ent. Com. No. 6, p. 57) : 
but having compared my material with four males and six females of cynoabana 
Fab., I most certainly agree with Prof. Zeller in regarding them distinct. 



I'ltANS. AM Kit. KM'. SUC. A. 



(11 I V N I 



VI 0. H. FERNALD. 

289. P. similana. 

Tortrix? Similana Hub. Vug. & Schm. iig. 71. (1792). 

Tortrix Similana Hub. Tort. pi. 7, fig. 41. (1800'. 

Tortrix bimaculana Don. Nat. Hist. Br. Ins. xiii, pi. 459. (1808). 

Tortrix similana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 47, No. 94. (1828). 

Psedisca dissimilana Treitx. Schm. x, 3, 103. (1835). 

Psedisca Dissimilana F. v. R. p. 170, pi. 62, fig. 2. (1839). 

eervana Ev. F. V. U. 507. (1844). 

Tortrix (Psedisca) Dissimilana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 239. (1849). 

Grapholitha (Pasdisca) Bimaculana Hein. Schm. p. 145. (1863). 

Psedisca bimaculana Zell. Beitr. p. 96. (1875). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Maine, Massachusetts. 
Food. — In Europe, Hazel, Birch. 

290. P. dorsisignatana. 

Pcecilochroma? dorsisignatana C/em. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 353. (1860). 

Pcecilochroma? similana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 353. (1860). 

Carpocapsa distigmana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 384. (1863). 

Pasdisca clavana Zell. Beitr. p. 97, pi. 9, fig. 33. (1875). 

Pasdisca graduatana Wlsm. 111. p. 54, pi. 72, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, Texas. 
Food. — Roots of Solidago canadensis, ( Kellicott). 

Genus IIYSTRICHOPHORA Wlsm. 111. p. 64. 1879. 

291. H. leonaiia. 

Hystrichophora leonana Wlsm. 111. p. 65, pi. 75, fig. 2. (1879). 
Var. aurantiana Wlsm. 111. p. 65, pi. 75, fig. 3. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

Genus SEMASIA. Steph. Cat. 1829. 

292. S. radiatana. 

Semasia radiatana Wlxvi. 111. p. 55, pi. 73, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia, Maine, New York. 

293. S. olivaceaua. 

Grapholitha olivaceana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 320. (1881). 
Habitat- — Illinois. 

294. S. formosana. 

Ioplocama formosana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 360. (I860). 
Grapholita sagittana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 386. (1863). 
Ioplocama formosana Pack. Guide, p. 338. (1869). 
Grapholitha stercoreana Zell. Beitr. p. 84. (1875). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia, Me., N. H., Mass.. N. Y.. Ont., 111. 

295. S. corculaiia. 

Semasia corculana Zell. Lep. Westk. Am. p. 11, pi. 12, fig. 5. (1874). 
Habitat. — Vancouver Island. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 43 

296. S. aspidiscana. 

Tortrix Aspidiscana Hllb. Tort, fig. 256. (180-). 

Tortrix aspidiscana Frol. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 96, No. 231. (1828). 

Grapholitha aspidiscana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 210. (1K30). 

Carpocapsa aspidiscana S/eph. 111. iv, j). 120. (1S34). 

Grapholitha aspidiscana Dup. Platy. p. 275, pi. 249. (1834). 

Phoxopteris Dahlbomiana Zett. Ins. Lap. p. 9N7. ( 1S40). 

Tortrix (Semasia) Aspidiscana II-S. Schm. iv, p. 247. (1849). 

Grapholitha (Semasia) Aspidiscana Hein. Schm. p. 172. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; Oregon, (Walsinghain). 
Food. — In Europe, Chri/socoma Linosi/ris, Solidago, Aster amellus. 

297. S. f'erruginana. 

Semasia ferruginana Fern. Tr. Ani. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — 'Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts. 

298. S. succedana. 

Tortrix Succedana Schiff. W. V. p. 129. (1776). 

Tortrix Asseclana Hub. Tort. pi. 194. (180-). 

Tortrix decorana Haw. Lep. Br. 437, (var.). (1811). 

Tortrix Ulicetana Haw. Lep. Br. 458. (1811). 

Tortrix succedana Frol. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 95, No. 224. (182S). 

Grapholitha succedana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 211. (1830). 

Grapholitha succedana Dup. Platy. p. 302, pi. 251. (1834). 

Carpocapsa lanceolana Steph. 111. iv, p. 121. (1834). 

Tortrix (Carpocapsa) Succedana H-S. Schm. iv. p. 252. (1849). 

Grapholitha (Grapholitha) Succedana Hein. Schm. p. 193. (1863). 
Var? Gallicana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 252. (1849). 
Var. conjunctana Mbesch. Berl. Ent. Zeit. 18fifi. p. 140. (1866). 
Habitat. — Europe; Oregon, (Walsingham). 
Food. — In Europe, Ci/sticus, Genista. 

299. S? roessleri. 

Grapholitha Roessleri Zell. Beitr. p. 85, pi. 9, fig. 24. (1875). 

Habitat. — California. 

300. S? vestaliana. 

Grapholitha Vestaliana Ze/l. Beitr. p. 80, pi. 8, fig. 21. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas, Colorado. 

3oi. s? elongana. 

Semasia? elongana Wlsm. 111. p. 56, pi. 73, fig. 2. (1879). 

Habitat. — Oregon. 

302. V tarandana. 

Grapholitha tarandana Mbesch. Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1874, p. 165. (1874). 
Habitat. — Labrador, Oregon. 

303. V arteiuisiana. 

Semasia artemisiana Wlsm. 111. p. 56, pi. 73, fig. 3. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 



44 C. H. FERNALD. 

304. S. argenticostaiia. 

Semasia argenticostana Wlsm. 111. p. 61, pi. 74, lig. 4. (1879). 
Ha b itat. — ( )re»on . 

305. S. spiculana. 

Grapholitha spiculana Ze/l. Beitr. p. 83, pi. 9, fig. 23. (1875). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

306. S. striatana. 

Anchylopera striatana Clem. Proe. Ph. Ac. Se. I860, p. 349. (1860). 
Paedisca albicepsana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 379. (1863). 
Grapholitha trivittana Zell. Beitr. p. 81, pi. 9, fig. 22. (1875). 
Habitat.— Me., Mass., N. Y., Penn., Ill, Tex. 

307. S. temiiaiia. 

Semasia tenuiana Wlsm. 111. p. 59, pi. 73, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — California, Nevada. 

308. s. clavana. 

Semasia clavana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts. 

309. N. pallidicostana. 

Semasia pallidicostana Wlsm. 111. p. 62, pi. 74, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

310. s. griseocapitana. 

Semasia nris t apitana Wlsm. 111. p. 61, pi. 74, fig. 5. (1879). 

Habita f. — Cal ifornia . 

311. S. t a lean a. 

Grapholitha taleana Grote, Can. Ent. x, p. 54. (1878). 
Habitat. — Illinois. 

312. s. peraiigustana. 

Semasia perangustana Wlsm, 111. p. 58, pi. 73, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

313. S. amphoraiia. 

.Semasia amphorana Wlsm. 111. p. 63, pi. 74, fig. 9. (1S79). 
Habitat. — ( >regon, Colorado. 

314. S. deceiiipmictaua. 

Semasia deeempunotana Wlsm. 111. p. 58, pi. 73, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat. — < )regon. 

315. S. lieliauf liana. 

Semasia helianthana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ae. Sc. iv, p. 319. (1881). 
Habitat.- — Maryland, Texas 
Food. — Grails nl' Helianthus. 

in S. Columbiana. 

Semasia eolumbiana Wlsm. 111. p. 57, pi. 73, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — ( hvvron. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 45 

317. S. scalana. 

Semasia scalana Wlsm. 111. p. 57, pi. 73, fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — California, Oregon. 

318. S. siguataiia. 

Hedya signatana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 514. (1864). 
Steganoptycha variana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 520. (1864). 
Grapholitha subnisana Zell. Beitr. p. 88. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia. 

319. S. argutana. 

Bactra? argutana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 18611, p. 35S. (1S60). 

Grapholitha (Hedya) allutana Zell. Beitr. p. 89, pi. 9, fig. 27. (1875). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas. 
Food. — Witch-hazel, Sumac, Blackthorn, Elm, (Clemens). 

320. S. lapidana. 

Semasia lapidana Wlsm. 111. p. 58, pi. 73, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

321. S. sublapidana. 

Semasia sublapidana Wlsm. 111. p. 59, pi. 73, fig. 9. (1879). 
Ha b ita t. — Oregon . 

322. S. parvana. 

Semasia parvana Wlsm. 111. p. 60, pi. 74, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

323. S. stramiueana. 

Semasia stramineana Wlsm. 111. p. 60. pi. 74, fig. 2. (1879). 

Habitat. — Colorado. 

324. S. miii i ma ii a. 

Semasia minimana Wlsm. 111. p. 60, pi. 74, fig. 3. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

325.' S. infiisoaiia. 

Semasia infuscana Wlsm. 111. p. 62, pi. 74, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

326. S. refusana. 

Grapholita refusana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 382. (1863). 
Semasia refusana Wlsm. 111. p. 63. pi. 74, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habitat— St. Martin's Falls. 

327. S. perstructatia. 

Sciaphila perstructana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 343. (1863). 
Semasia perstructana W/svi. 111. p. 64, pi. 75, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat.— St. Martin's Falls. 

Genus EXKNTERA Grote, Can. Ent. ix. 1877. 

328. !•:. apriliana. 

Exentera apriliana Grote, Can. Ent. ix, p. 227. (1877). 
Habitat. — New York, Colorado. 

(12) 



•!<-» C. H. FERNALD. 



Genus PROTEOPTERYX Wlsm. 111. 1879. 

329. P. emargiiiana. 

Proteopteryx emargiiiana Wlsm. 111. p. 68, pi. 76, figs. 2-6. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

330. P. oregonana. 

Semasia? oregonana Wlsm. 111. p. 62, pi. 74, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

331. P. cressoniana. 

Hedya Cressoniana Clem. Proe. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 514. (1864). 
Habitat. — New York, Virginia. 

332. P. deludana. 

Hedya deludana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 513. (1864). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Virginia, Missouri, Texas. 

333. P. spoliana. 

Hedya spoliana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 513. (1864). 
Habitat. — New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Georgia. 

334. P. resumptana. 

Penthina resumptana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 376. (1863). 
Psedisca resumptana Wlsm. Ill, p. 44, pi. 70, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia, Pennsylvania. 

335. P. costomaculana. 

Anohylopera costomaculana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 349. (1860). 
Batodes bipustulana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 3-16. (1863). 
Habitat.— Maine, Pennsylvania ? 

Genus PROTEOTERAS Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. 1881. 

336. P. wsculana. 

Protepteras fesculana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 321. (1S81). 
Habitat. — New York, Missouri, Texas. 
Food. — ^Escuius, Acer. 

Genus STEGABJOPTYCHA Steph. 111. iv, 1834. 

337. V incariiaiia. 

Tortrix incarnana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 435. (1811). 

Tortrix dealbana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 51, No. 107. (1828). 

Penthina minorana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 48. (1830). 

Ant idea incarnana Steph. 111. iv, p. 115. (1834). 

Penthina Minorana J) up. Platy. p. 573, pi. 265. (1834). 

Penthina Dealbana F. v. R. p. 37, pi. 22, fig. 1. (1838). 

Tortrix (Penthina) Dealbana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 232. (1849). 

Hedya dealbana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 120. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Steganoptycha) Dealbana Hein. Schm. p. 207. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; California. 
Food. — In Europe. Salix. Populus. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 47 

338. §. f'asciolaiia. 

Anchylopera faseiolana Clem. Proc. Ent. Sec. Ph. iii, p. 51 1. (1K64). 
Penthina Blakeana (Robs. mss-. . Grote. Bull. Buf. Soc. i, p. 91, pi. 2, fig. 8. 
(187::,. 
Habitat. — Maine. Massachusetts, New York. Pennsylvania. 

339. S. lagopana. 

Steganoptycha lagbpana Wlsm. 111. p. 71, pi. 76, fig. 10. (1879). 
Habita t. — Calif >rnia. 

340. S. lituraiia. 

Steganoptycha liturana Wlsm. 111. p. 71, pi. 76, fig. 9. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

341. S. piirpuriciliana. 

Steganoptycha purpuriciliana Wlsm. 111. p. 72. pi. 77, fig. 2. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

342. S. salicicolana. 

Hedya salicicolana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 514. (1864). 
Habitat. — Illinois. ' 
Food. — Willow galls, (Salicis rhodoides). (Walsh). 

343. v saliciana. 

Hedya saliciana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 515. (1864). 
Habitat. — Illinois. 
Food. — Willow galls, ( Salicis brassicoides'd; S. strobiloides). (Walsh). 

344. S. crispana. 

Steganoptycha crispana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 137. (1865). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania. 

345. S. august ana. 

Tortrix Augustana Hub. Tort. fig. 205. (180-). 
Grapholitha augustana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 221. (1830). 
Tortrix Augustana Dap. Platy. p. 486, pi. 261. i 1834). 
Tortrix cruciana Zetl. Ins. Lap. p. 981. (1840). 

Pullana Ev. F. V. U. 512. (1844). 

Augustana Zell. Isis. 1846. p. 247. (1S46). 

Tortrix (Grapholitha) Augustana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 272; Suppl. 362. (1849). 
Grapholitha (Steganoptycha) Augustana Hein. Schm. p. 219. (186::). 
Sciaphila direptana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii„p. 338. (1863). 
Sciaphila vilisa.ua Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 338. (1863). 

Habitat. — Europe ; Hudson's Bay, (Walk.); California. (Wlsm.). 
Food. — In Europe, Salix. 

346. S. pinicolana. 

_ Pinicolana Zell. Isis, 1846. p. 242. (1S46). 

Tortrix (Ditula) Pinicolana ITS. Schm. iv, p. 207; Suppl. 384 5. 1 1849). 

Retmia occultana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 223. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Steganoptycha) Pinicolana Hein. Schm. p. 210. I 1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; New Vork. Wisconsin. 
Food. — In Europe, Finns larix and F. ccmb/a. 



48 0. H. FERNALD. 

347. s. biangiilana. 

Steganoptycha biangulana Wtsm. 111. p. 71, pi. 77, fig. 1. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

348. S ? nebtilosana. 

Grapholitha nebulosana Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N". H. xi, p. 61. (1866). 
Hab itat. — Labrador . 

Genus TMETOCEKA Lederer, Wien. Ent. Monats. 1859. 

349. T. ocellana. 

Tortrix Ocellana Schiff. W. V. p. 130, No. 7. (1776). 

Pyralis ocellana Fab. Mant. ii, 228. (1787). 

Pyralis luscana Fab. Ent. Syst. 255. (1793). 

Tortrix Comitana Hub. Tort. fig. 16. (1800). 

Tortrix luscana Fro/. En. Tort. Wtirt. p. 50. (1828). 

Penthina ocellana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 40. (1830). 

Penthina Luscana Dup. Platy. p. 203, pi. 245. (1834). 

Tortrix (Penthina) Ocellana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 233. (1849). 

Hedya ocellana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 118. (1859). 

Tmetocera ocellana Led. Wien. Ent. Monat. iii, p. 368. (1859). 

Penthina Pyrifoliana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 357. (1860). 

Penthina oculana Harris. Inj. Ins. p. 482. (1862). 

Grapholitha (Tmetocera) Ocellana Hein. Schm. p. 206. (1863). 

Grapholitha oculana Saunders, Can. Ent. iii, p. 13, fig. 9.- (1871). 

Tmetocera Ocellana Zell. Beitr. p. 61. (1875). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Me., Mass., N. Y., Perm., Ont. 
Food. — In America, leaves of Apple, Pear and Plum ; Laurel Oak, 
(Miss Murtfeldt). 

Genus RHOPOBOTA Lederer, Wien. Ent. Monat. 1859. 

350. K. vacciniana. 

?Sciaphila luctiferana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 342. (1863). 

Anchylopera vacciniana Pack. Guide, p. 338, pi. 8, fig. 21. (1869). 

Anchylopera vacciniana Glover, Deptr. Ag. Rept. 1870, p. 85, figs. 50, 51. 
(1870). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, New York, California, St. Martin's Falls. 
Food. — Cranberry. 

Genus PHOXOPTERIS Treits. Schm. viii, 1830. 

351. P. mediofasciana. 

Anchylopera mediofasciana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 511. (1864). 
Phoxopteris mediofasciana Zell. Beitr. p. 42, pi. 8, fig. 4. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts. New York. 

352. P. mibeculana. 

Anchylopera nubeeulana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Se. 1860, p. 349. (1860). 

Phoxopteris nubeeulana Zell. Beitr. p. 43, pi. 8, fig. 5. (1875). 

Phoxopteris nubeeulana Riley, Dept. Ag. Rept. 1878, p. 239, pi. 2, fig. 3. 
(1878). 
Habitat.— X. 8., Me., Mass.. N. Y.. Penn.. Wis. 
Food. — Apple leaves. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 4!) 

353. I*. Miib;eqii:tiia. 

Phoxopteris subsequana Zell. Beitr. p. 4s, pi. 8, fig. 9. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine. Massachusetts. 

354. I*, discigeraua. 

Grapholita discigerana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 384. (1863). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia, Maine. New York. 

355. F. semiovana. 

Phoxopteris semiovana Zell. Beitr. p. 44, pi. 8, fig. 6. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, New York. 

356. P. in in- 1 1'eldtiana. 

Phoxopteris murtfeldtiana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 323. (1881). 
Habitat. — M issouri . 
Food.— Oak. 

357. P. lumlaua. 

Pyralis lundana Fab. Gen. Ins. p. 294. (1777;. 

Tortrix Badiana Schiff. W. V. p. 126. (177-). 

Tortrix Corylana Hub. Vog. & Schm. fig. 63. (1792). 

Tortrix Corylana Hub. Tort, fig. 53. (1800). 

Tortrix lundana Don. N. H. xi, pi. 374, fig. 1. (1804). 

Tortrix lumlaua Haw. Lep. Br. 452. (1811). 

Tortrix Lundana Fro/. En. Tort, Wiirt. p. 99. No. 241. (1828). 

Phoxopteris badiana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 243. (1830). 

Phoxopterix Badiana Dup. Platy. p. 343, pi. 253. (1834). 

Tortrix ( Phoxopteryx) Badiana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 285. (1849). 

Anchylopera Lundana With. Br. Tort. p. 138. (1S59). 

Grapholitha (Phoxopteryx) Badiana Hein. Schm. p. 225. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; Oregon, (Walsinghani rnss.). 
Food. — In Europe. Yicia. Tri/olium, Orobus. 

358. P. spii-aeifoliaiia. 

Anchylopera Spiresefoliana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 348. (1860). 

Grapholita metamelana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 385. (1863). 

Grapholita discoferana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 386. (1863). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania. 
Food. — Spirsea opuli folia . 

359. P. laciiiiana. 

Phoxopteris laciniana Zell. Beitr. p. 47, pi. 8, fig. 8. (1875). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts. 

360. P. burgessiana 

Phoxopteris Burgessiana Zell. Beitr. p. 4t;. pi. 8, fig. 7. 1 1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts. 

361. P. dubiaua. 

Anchylopera dubiana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 512. (1864). 
Habitat. — Virginia. 

TRANS. AMEK. ENT. SOC. X. (13; Jl-NE, 1882. 



50 C. H. FERNALD. 

362. P. floridana. 

Phoxopteris floridana Zell. Beitr. p. 52. (1875). 

Habitat. — Ohio. 

363. P. amblygona. 

Phoxopteris Amblygona Zell. Beitr. p. 53. (1875). 
Habitat. — District of Columbia. 

364. P. comptana. 

Tortrix comptana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 99, No. 242. (1828). 

Phoxopterix Comptana Dup. Suppl. p. 187. (1844). 

Tortrix (Phoxopteryx) Comptana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 286; Suppl. 318. (1849). 

Anchylopera comptana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 141. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Phoxopteryx) Comptana Hein. Schm. p. 225. (1863). 

Grapholita conflexana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 384. (1863). 

Phoxopteris comptana Zell. Beitr. p. 51. (1875). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Nova Scotia, Maine, Massachusetts, California. 
Food. — In Europe, Potentilla opaca, vema and cinerea, Dryas 
octopetela, Poterium sanguisorba, Thymus serpyt/um, Teucrium. 

365. P. fragarise. 

Anchylopera fragarise Walsh & Riley, Am. Ent. i, p. 89, fig. 75. (1869). 

Anchylopera fragariae Riley, 1st. Mo. Rept. p. 142, fig. 80, and pi. 2, figs. 26, 
27. (1869). 

Anchylopera fragarise Pack. Guide, p. 340, fig. 261. (1869). 
Habitat. — Canada, Illinois, Missouri. 
Food. — Strawberry leaves. 

366. P. angulifasciana. 

Phoxopteris angulifasciana Zell. Beitr. p. 50, pi. 8, fig. 10. (1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, Ohio. 
Food.— Clover, (Fernald, Psyche in, p. 88. 1880). 

367. P. platanana. 

Anchylopera Platanana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 349. (1860). 

Phoxopteris marcidana Zell. Beitr. p. 54. (1875). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Missouri, Texas. 
Food. — Leaves of Sycamore. 

368. P. divisana. 

Grapholita divisana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 385. (1863). 
Phoxopteryx divisana W/sm. 111. p. 74, pi. 77, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia, Massachusetts. 

369. P. apicana. 

Grapholita apicana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxxv, p. 1795. (1866). 
Phoxopteryx apicana Wlsm. 111. p. 73, pi. 77, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia, Massachusetts, Oregon. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 51 

370. 1*. cornifbliana. 

Phoxopteris cornifoliana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Se. iv, p. 324. (1881). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Kansas. 
Food. — Cornns paniculata. 

371. P. muricana. 

Phoxopteryx muricana Wlsm. 111. p. 74, pi. 77, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat. — Washington, D. C. 

372. P. uncana. 

Tortrix Uncana Hub. Tort. pi. 13, fig. 76. (1800). 
Tortrix geminana Don. N. H. xi, p. 29, pi. 370, fig. 1. (1804). 
Tortrix uncana Haw. Lep. Br. p. 451. (1811). 
Tortrix uncana Frol. En. Tort. Wiirt. p. 101, No. 247. (1828). 
Phoxopteris uncana Treits. Schm. viii, 237. (1830). 
Phoxopterix uncana Dup. Platy. p. 235, pi. 252, 8. (1835). 
Tortrix (Phoxopteryx) Uncana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 286. (1849). 
Anchylopera uncana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 137. (1859). 
Grapholitha (Phoxopteryx) Uncella Hein. Schm. p. 224. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe ; New Hampshire. 

373. P. biarcuaua. 

Anchylopera biarcuana Steph. Cat. ii, p. 178. (1829). 

Anchylopera cuspidana Steph. 111. iv, p. 113. (1834). 

Psedisca Crenana Dup. Platy. p. 334 and 518, pi. 252 and 263. (1834). 

Tortrix (Phoxopteryx) Fluctigerana HS. Schm. iv, p. 286; Suppl. 319. (1849). 

Anchylopera biarcuana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 136. (1859). 

Grapholitha (Phoxopteryx) Biarcuana Hein. Schm. p. 223. (1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; California, ( Walsingham). 
Food. — In Europe, Salix caprea. 

374. P. goodelliaua. 

Phoxopteris goodelliana Fern. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. x. (1882). 
Habitat. — Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts. 

375. P. plagosana. 

Anchylopera plagosana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. ii, p. 417. (1864). 

Habitat. — Labrador. 

376. P. pacilicana. 

Phoxopteryx pacificana Wlsm. 111. p. 73, pi. 77, fig. 4. (1879). 
Habitat. — California, Oregon. 

377. P. cometana. 

Phoxopteryx cometana Wlsm. 111. p. 74, pi. 77, fig. 8. (1879). 

Habitat. — California. 

378. P. loricana. 

Phoxopteris loricana Grote, Can. Ent. xii, p. 218. (1880). 

Habitat. — Ohio. 



52 C. H. FERNALD. 

379. 1*. tineana. 

Tortrix Tineana Hub. Tort. tig. 81. (1800). 

Tortrix (Phoxopteryx) Tineana ITS. Schm. iv. p. 284. (1849). 

Grapholitha (Phoxopteryx) Tineana Hein. Schm. p. 223. (1863). 

Anchylopera ocellana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soe. Ph. iii, p. 510. (1864). 

Pandemia Leucophaleratana Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xi, p. 56. (1866). 
Habitat. — Europe ; Labrador, Maine. Massachusetts. 
Food. — In Europe, Aspen, (Hein.). 

Genus GRAPHOLITHA Treits. Schm. viii, 1830. 

380. G. cai „> ana. 

Ephippophora Caryana Fitch, N. Y. Ag. Rept. vol. xvi, p. 459. (1856). 

Grapholitha caryse Shimer, Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 394. (1869). 
Habitat. — Connecticut, New York, Illinois, Missouri. Texas. 
Food. — Husks of Hickory nuts. 

381. «;. prunivora. 

Semasia prunivora Walsh, 1st. Ent. Rept. 111. 
Habitat. — Illinois, Missouri. 

Food. — Fruit of Plum ; " Aphides that cause the cockscomb Elin- 
gall." (Miss Murtfeldt). 

382. G. interstinctana. 

Stigmonota interstinctana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 351. (1860). 

Dichrorampha scitana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 413. (1863). 

Grapholitha distema Grote, Bull. Buf. Soc. i, p. 92. (1873). 

Grapholitha (Ephippiphora) interstinctana Zell. .Beitr. p. 90, pi. 9, fig. 28. 
(1875). 
Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania. 
Food. — Clover seed, (Comstock, Dept. Ag. Rept. 1880, p. 254).. 

383. G. bracteatana. 

Grapholitha bracteatana Fern. Dept. Ag. Rept. 1880, p. 265. (1881). 
Habitat. — California. 
Food. — -Cone scales of Silver Pine. 

384. G. conversana. 

Grapholitha conversana Wlsm. 111. p. 66, pi. 75, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon . 

385. Gt albimaculaiia. 

Grapholitha albimaculana Fern. Can. Ent. xi, p. 157. (1879). 
Habitat.— (Jrono. Maine. 

386. G. luiiataiia. 

Grapholitha lunatana Wlsm. 111. p. 66, pi. 75, fig. 8. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

387. G. tristrigana. 

Stigmonota tristrigana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 133. (1865). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts. Virginia. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 53 

388. G. americana. 

Grapholitha americana Wlsm. 111. p. (57, pi. 75, figs. 9, 10. (1879). 
Habitat. — California. 

389. ii. cseruleaiia. 

Grapholitha creruleana Wlsm. 111. p. 66, pi. 75, fig. 6. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

390. G. vitrana. 

Grapholitha vitrana Wlsm. 111. p. 65, pi. 75, fig. 5. (1879). 
Habitat. — Oregon. 

391. G. taut una. 

Halonota tautana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. v, p. 139. (1865). 
Grapholitha perfluana Zell. Beitr. p. 93, pi. 9, fig. 30. (1875). 
Habitat. — Virginia, Texas. 

392. G. gallre-saliciana. 

Grapholitha gallfe-saliciana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 320. (1881). 
Habitat. — New York, Missouri, Texas. 
Food. — Willow galls. 

393. G. trossulana. 

Grapholitha trossulana Wlsm. 111. p. 67, pi. 76. fig. 1. (1879). 

Habitat. — California. 

Genus ECDYTOLOPHA Zell. Beitr. 1875. 

394. E. insiticiana. 

Ecdytolopha insiticiana Zell. Beitr. p. 60, pi. 8, fig. 20. (1875). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts, District of Columbia, Colorado. 
Food. — Borer in stems of Locust. 

Genus CARPOCAPSA Treits. Schm. viii, 1830. 

395. C pomoiiella. 

Tinea pomonella Linn. S. N. x, 538. (1758). 

Tortrix Pomonana Schiff. W. V. p. 126. (1776). 

Pyralis pomana Fab. Ent. Syst. iii, p. 279. (1793). 

Tortrix Pomonana Hub. Tort. pi. 6, fig. 30. (1800). 

Tortrix Pomonana Haw. Lep. Br. 457. (1811). 

Tortrix pomonana Frbl. En. Tort. Wurt. p. 78, No. 183. (1828). 

Carpocapsa pomonana Treits. Schm. viii, p. 161. (1830). 

Carpocapsa Pomonella Steph. 111. iv, p. 119. (1834). 

Carpocapsa Pomonana Dap. Platy. p. 248, pi. 248. (1834). 

Tortrix (Carpocapsa) Pomonana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 251. (1849). 

Carpocapsa Pomonella Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 236. (1859). 

Carpocapsa Pomonella Harris, Inj. Ins. p. 484. (1862). 

Grapholitha (Carpocapsa) Pomonella Hein. Schm. p. 194. (1863). 
Habitat.— All parts of the world where Apples are grown. 
Food.— Fruit of the Apple, Pear, Peach and Crab. 

(14) 



54 C. H. FERN ALU. 

The habits of this insect and various remedies for preventing its ravages 
are given in the following works : Am. Ent. i, p. 112; Riley's Mo. Repta. 
i, p. 62, and iii, p. 101 ; N. A. Ent. p. 5 ; Pack. 'a Guide p. 341 ; Fitch's 
N. Y. Rept, iii, p. 347 ; and numerous other Ag. Repts. and papers. 

396. C. sail Hun*. * 

Carpocapsa salt'itans Westw. Proc. Ashmol. Soc. iii, p. 137. (1857). 

Carpoeapsa Deshaisiana Lucas. An. Soc. Ent. France, pi. 16. (1858). 
Habitat. — Mexico. 

Food. — Seeds of the Arrow weed. (Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iii, 
p. 190, 1875). 

397. C toreufa. 

Penthina toreuta Grote, Bull. Buf. Soc. i, p. 92, pi. 2, fig. 10. (1873). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania, Virginia. 

Genus JI EL.L.ISOPI S Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. 1881. 

398. Tl. latiferreana. 

Carpocapsa latiferreana Wlxm. 111. p. 70, pi. 76, fig. 8. (1879). 

Mellisopus latiferreana Riley, Tr. St. Louis Ac. Sc. iv, p. 322. (1881). 
Habitat. — New HampsMire, Missouri, Texas, California. 
Food. — Oak acorns. 

Genus PHTHOROBLASTIS Lederer, Wien. Ent. Monat. iii. 1859. 

399. P. texanana. 

Phthoroblastis texanana Wlsm. 111. p. 70, pi. 76, fig. 7. (1879). 
Habitat. — Texas. 

Genus DICHRORAMPHA Guen. Ind. 1845. 

400. D. incanana. 

Halonota incanana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 351. (1860). 
Habitat. — Pennsylvania ? 

401. D. simulana. 

Halonota simulana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. I860, p. 351. (I860). 
Halonota simulana Pack. Guide, p. 337. (1869). 
Dichrorainpha aurisignana Zetl. Beitr. p. 113. (1875). 
Habitat. — New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, District of Columbia. 

402. I>. alpinana. 

Grapholitha alpinana Treils. Schm. viii, p. 230. (1830). 
Ephippiphora Alpinana Dup. Platy. p. 322, pi. 252. (1834). 
Dichrorampha Politana Guen. Ind. p. 51. (1845). 

Tortrix (Grapholitha) Alpinana US. Schm. iv. p. 271 : Suppl. 155-6. (1849). 
Dicrorampha politana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 104. (1859). 
Dicrorampha alpinana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 105. (1859). 
Dichrorampha (Dichrorampha) Alpinana Hem. Schm. p. 230. ( 1863). 
Habitat. — Europe; Oregon, ( Walsingham). 

* Although not yet found within the territory to which I have limited myself, yet 
I have ventured to add it, as it has been taken so near the borders of California. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 55 

403. !>. pluiubana. 

Tortrix plumbana Sc. Ent. Cam. No. 592. (1763). 

Tinea Petiverella Schiff. W. V. p. 136. (1776). 

Grapholitha zachaua Treits. Schm. viii, p. 217. (1830). 

Grapholitha Zachana Dup. Platy. p. 282, pi. 250. (1834). 

Dichrorampha ? Ulicana Guen. Ind. p. 51. (1845;. 

Tortrix (Grapholitha) Blepharana H-S. Schm. iv, p. 254 ; Suppl. 197-8. (1849). 

Endopisa Ulicana Wilk. Br. Tort. p. 228. (1859). 

Dichrorampha (Lipoptycha) Plumbana Hein. Schm. p. 239. (1863). 
Habitat. — P]urope ; California. 
Food. — In Europe, Root-stalks of Artemisia vulgaris. 

404. D. radicicolana. 

Dichrorampha radicicolana Wl-sm. 111. p. 75, pi. 77, fig. 10. (1879). 

Habitat. — Oregon. 
Food. — Scrophularia ? 



I have been unable to determine what the following species are, from 
the published descriptions. 

405. pulchellana. 

Anchylopera pulchellana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 511. (1864). 

Habitat. — Virginia. 

406. fuscociliana. 

Anchylopera fuscociliana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 512. (1864). 

Habitat. — Virginia. 

407. virgiiiiana. 

Anchylopera Virginiana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 512. (1864). 

Habitat. — Virginia. 

408. lamiaua. 

Anchylopera Lamiana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 513. (1864). 

Habitat. — Maine. 

409. retractaiia. 

Teras retractana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 288. (1863). 
Habitat.— United States, (see N. A. Ent. p. 30). 

410. vestitana. 

Lophoderus vestitanus Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 334. (1863). 

Habitat. — Nova Scotia. 

411. destitutaua. 

Sciaphila? destitutana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 339. 1 1863). 
Habitat. — Hudson's Bay. 
The type is too poor for determination. 



56 C. H. FERNALD. 

412. indivisana. 

Seiaphila indivisana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, pp. 344, 985. (1863). 
Habitat. — Hudson's Bay. 
The type is too poor for determination. 

413. parryana. 

Argyrotoza Parryana Curt. App. Ross' 2d. Arctic Voyage. (1831). 
Grapholita Parryana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 387. (1863). 
Habitat. — Arctic America. 

414. sulphurana. 

Pyralis sulphurana -Fa&.Ent. Syst. vol. iii, part 2, p. 273. 
Habitat. — " North America." 
I have not yet been able to refer this species to any known to me. 

The following species do not belong to the Tortricidae : 

415. malana. 

Brachytsenia malana Fitch, N. Y. Ag. Rept. 1855, p. 473. 

This species has been referred to the Noctuidae, (see Grote's Check 
List of the Noctuidae, p. 15, No. 570). 

416. triquetrana. 

Braehyteenia Triquetrana Fitch, N. Y. Ag. Rept. 1855, p. 476. 
Prof. Riley, who has seen the type of this species, informed me that 
it is congeneric with B. malana Fitch. 

417. oculataiia. 

Disodia oculatana Clem. Proc. Ph. Ac. Sc. 1860, p. 350. 
This species belongs to the Thyridae, and was redescribed by Grote 
and Robinson as Platythyris fasciata , in the Annals Lyceum Nat. Hist. 
N. Y. vol. viii, (see Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 86). 

418. margaritana. 

Disodia margaritana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. i, p. 137. 
This species also belongs to the Thyridae. 

419. lnridana. 

Amphisa luridana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 318. (1863). 
Habitat. — Hudson's Bay. 
This species belongs to the Choreutina. 

420. frigidaiia. 

Tortrix frigidana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 323. (1863). 
Habitat. — Hudson's Bay. 
Sarrothripa sp ? Referred to the Noctuidae. 

421. script una. 

Tortrix scriptana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 324. (1863). 
Habitat. — Massachusetts. 
Sarrothripa sp ? Referred to the Noctuidae. 



AMERICAN LEIMIKiI'XERA. 57. 

422. cretiferana. 

Conchylis cretiferana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. -.359. (1863). 
Habitat. — Nova Scotia. 
Not a Tortricid. (A Noctuid?, Walsingham). 

423. procellariana. 

Psedisca procellariana Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. 379. (1863). 
Habitat. — Arctic America. 
This species belongs to the Pyralidse. 

424. tiiberculana. 

Eucosma tiiberculana Geyer, Zutr. figs. 733-734. 

Habitat. — Georgia. 

This species belongs to the Pyralidae. 

425. lasciva. 

Tortrix lasciva Morris, Cat. Lep. N. A. p. 50. 
This is an error, as no such species was published either by Hiibner 
or Geyer. 

420. packardiana. 

Anchylopera Packardiana Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. iii, p. 51ft. 
This name was probably introduced by Dr. Clemens through some 
mistake, for no such species was ever published, nor is it represented in 
his Collection. The name should therefore be dropped from the Lists. 

427. lactate a. 

Pyralis lactana Fab. Ent. Syst. vol. iii, part 2, p. 250. 
Habitat. — " Georgia." 
From the description I do not think this belongs to the Tortricidas. 

428. sepulcrella. 

Tinea sepulcrella Fab. Ent. Syst. vol. iii, part 2, p. 310. 

Pyralis sepulcrana Fab. Ent. Syst. Suppl. p. 480. 
Habitat. — '•America. 
Probably not a Tortricid. 

The statement that the following species occurs iu North America 
needs confirmation. 

429. pruniaua. 

Penthina pruniana Hub.— Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii, p. ;;74 : Packard's 
Guide, p. 333. 



TRAXS. AJtKR. EST. SOC. X. 



(15) ' July, 1882. 



58 



0. H. FKRNALD. 



INDEX OF GENERA. 



PAGE 

Amorbia 19 

Ainphisa 22 

Bactra 28 

Cacoecia 10 

Capua 22 

Carpocapsa 53 

Cenopis 20 

Conchylis 23 

Dicbelia 21 

Dichrorampha 54 

Eccopsis 29 

Ecdytolopha 53 

Eudemis 28 

Exentera 45 

Grapholitha 52 

Hystrieophora 42 

Idiographis 23 

Lophoderus 15 

Loxotrenia 13 

Mellisopus 54 

(Enectra 19 



PAGE 

Pasdisea 36 

Pandemis 14 

Penthina 31 

Phsecasiopbora 36 

Phoxopteris 48 

Phthoroblastis 54 

Platynota 22 

Proteopteryx 46 

Proteoteras 46 

Ptycholoma 14 

Retinia 27 

Rhopobota 48 

Seiaphila 16 

Semasia 42 

Sericoris 33 

Steganoptycha 46 

Synnoma 19 

Teras 5 

Tmetocera 48 

Tortrix 17 



INDEX OF SPECIES AND VARIETIES. 



NUMBER 

abbreviatana 273 

abruptana 275 

acerana 33 

acutana 164 

adumbranum 86 

segrana 121 

sesculana 336 

afflictana. 45 

affusana 285 

agassizii 234 

agilana 207 

agricolana 244 

ahrensiana 228 

albaniana 55 

albeolana 191 

albicepsana 306 

albiciliana 208 

albicomana 77 

albidana 153 

albiguttana 242 



NUMBER 

albimaculana 385 

albistriana 11 

albofasciatum 177 

algidana 71 

alisellana 824 

alien iana 72 

allutana 319 

alpinana 402 

aniblygona 363 

ameriana 33 

americana 29, 388 

ampborana 313 

angulatana 137 

angulifasciana 366 

angustana 132 

apicana 369 

apiciana 11 

appendiceum 174 

apriliana 328 

aquilana 11 



AMERICAN LEPIUOPTERA. 



59 



N 1 ' M II K R 

arcticana 30 

argentana 67 

argentialbana 241 

argenticostana 304 

argentifurcatana 235 

argentilimitana 138 

argutana 319 

argyrana 280 

argyrcelana 211 

argyrospila 39 

artemisiana 303 

aspidiscana 296 

asseclana 298 

astrologana 215 

atomosana 243 

atrodentana 176 

atropunctana 190 

augustana 345 

aurantiana 291 

auricapitana 206 

aurisignana 401 

autumnana. 11 

badiana 357 

basalticola 13 

basiplagana 68 

basipunctana 245 

belfrageana 106 

bentleyana 228 

bergmanniana 78 

biangulana 347 

biarcuana 373 

bifidana 18 

bimaculana 125,289 

bipartitana 224 

bipunctella 257 

bipustulana 335 

biquadrana 261 

blakeana 33S 

blandana 50 

blepharana 403 

bolanderana 233 

borana 11 

boreana 65 

boscana 14 

botrana 162 

bracteatana 383 

branderiana 33 



NUMBER 

breviornatana 92 

brewsteriana 9 

bunteana 144 

burgessiana 360 

buringerana 11 

byringerana 11 

cceruleana 389 

cresialbana 224 

californiana 108 

caliginosana 11 

campestrana 219 

campicolana 150 

cana 103 

canana 266 

capreana 189 

carneana 149 

caryse 105,380 

caryana 380 

cataclystiana 248 

caudana. 1 

celiana 10 

celtisana 282 

centrana 119 

centrovittana 11 

cerasivorana 34 

cerusana 6 

cervana 289 

cei'vinana 28 

chaleana 130 

chalybeana 27, 209 

chionosema 203 

Cinderella 21 

circulana 230 

clavana 180,290, 308 

elemensiana 49 

coloradana 63 

columbiana 316 

comatulana 249 

combustana 11 

cometana 377 

com i tana 349 

comptana 364 

comstockiana 156 

conchana 213 

concinnana 173 

concursana 113 

conditana 193 



lilt 



C. II. FERNALH. 



NUMBEK 

confixana 229 

conflexana 364 

eonflictana 84 

confusana 122 

conigerana 50 

conjunctana 298 

connexaua 114 

consangninana 188 

eonspersana 18 

const.ellatana 212 

constrictana 274 

contrariana 187 

conversana 384 

corculana 295 

cornifoliana 370 

corona na 11 

coruscana :. 210 

corylana 17?, 357 

costimaculana 202 

costomaculana 335 

crambitana ... 237 

crassana 11 

creuana 373 

cressoniana 331 

cretiferana 422 

crispana 344 

cristaqa 11 

cruciana 345 

culminana 267 

cuneana 86 

cuspidana 373 

cyanana 195 

dahlbomiana 296 

dealbana 222,337 

decenipunctana 314 

decisana 177 

decorana 29K 

defleetana 3 

deludana 332 

demissana in 7 

desertana 286 

deshaisiana 396 

destitutana 411 

deutsehiana 130 

dibeliana. 163 

di kit ana 148 

diluticostana 100 

dilutifuscana 223 

dimidiana 190 

direct an a 98 

direptana 345 

discigerana 354 

discoferana 358 

discopunctana 1 111 

dissimilana 289 

dissitana 52 

distema 382 

distigmana 290 

divisana 11,368 

dodecana 230 

dorsimaculana 132 



.N CM IS Kit 

dor'sisignatana 290 

dubiana 361 

dubitana 153 

duplana 158 

effraetana 1 

egenana 163 

egestana 163 

elevana 11 

elongana : 301 

einarginana 329 

erebana 13 

erigeronana 140 

erutana 14, 17 

exasperatana 117 

eximiana 11 

exoleta 179 

expallidana 163 

exvagana - 278 

fabriciana 128 

lagigemmseana 1 65 

famula 14 

faseiatana 217 

fasciolana 338 

fernaldana 134,236 

1 err i fera na 1 83 

ferrugana. 18, 56 

ferruginana 297 

ferrugineana 167 

ferruginiguttana 8 

fervidana 35,41 

fishiana 26 

flaccidana 40 

flavedana 113 

flavibasana. 96 

flavivittana 11 

flavocellana 278 

doccosana 122 

floridana 362 

ductigerana 373 

foedana 173 

t'oliana 25 

footiana 182 

forrnosana 294 

fractivittana 43 

fragarise 365 

fragariana 50 

franciscana 80 

frigidana 186, 420 

frustrana 154 

fucana 81 

fullerea 194 

fulminana 255 

ful vi Iron tana 185 

fulviplicana 120 

fulviroseana 105 

fumiferana 83 

fumosa 4:> 

furcatana Ill 

furfurana Ki4 

furvana 39 

fuscalbana 220 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



61 



45 
130 
392 
298 



221 

48 
152 
254 



NUMBER 

fuseana •'•' 

fuscociliana 4( J° 

fuscolineana 

fuscostrigana 

gallse-saliciana 

gallicana ™° 

gallicolana _ 

gallivorana '"" 

gelidana ' 

geminana ' 

georgiana :" 

germarana 

giganteana zoz 

gilvana 

glaciana 

glaucana 

glaucofuseana 

glomerana "*" 

gloverana '" 

gnomana 

goodelliana s 'Jz 

goiiana ' 

gossypiana ;■ 

gouana 

govana 

gnusilana 

graduatana 

grandiflavana 

gratana 

gratiosana "" 

grisea 

griseoalbana 

griseocapitana 

groteana < *"J 

gurgitana ° 

hartmanniana l y 

hastiana 

hebesana '" 

helianthana *'jj 

hemidesma '"! 

hipeana o' 7 q 

hirsutana 



NUMBER 

2211 

394 

217 

136 

184 



inquietana 

insiticiana 

instrutana 

intactana 

intermistana 

interruptofasciata I 43 

interruptolineana 196 

interstinctana 382 

invexana "y- 

irroratana 256 

irrorea m 

juglandana 5 ° 

juncticiliana *'" 

kindermanniana 129 



labeculana.. 

labiosana 

laciniana 

lactana 

lacunana '"£ 

'.'................. 339 



141 
116 
359 

427 



lsevigana 

lagopana 

lamana 10 ^ 

lamiana 4( »° 

lamprosana 



lanceana.. 



163 



258 
106 

I S3 



L92 
310 

mi 



lanceolana lfi3 '^ 

"'"'"""! 239 



lapidana 
larana..., 

lasciva.. 

hit. 



425 
74 



laterana 'J5 



latifasciana. 
latiferreana. 



17 
398 
147 



horariana ... 
houstonana., 
hudsoniana. 

humerosana 

il lot an a 

implexana. . 

inana 

incanana.... 
incarnana... 
incertana. 



70 

75 

11 

85 

2S4 

12 

11 

400 

337 

59 



... 291 
60,142 
... 11 
.. 379 
... 201 



Latipunctana '*' 

lentiginosana 

leonana 

lepidana 

leprosana 

leucophaleratana 

lienigiana 

limitata 

lineana 

linosyrana 

lintneriana 

liturana. 

logiana 

longulana 

I loricana 

Luctiferana 

| lunatana 

I lundana 



191 

87 

31 

340 

1. 14 

18 

378 

350 

386 

357 



inclinana 2 ^ 



luridana.: 240.419 

luscana 



inconditana... 
indecorana.... 
indivisana — 
inexpertana.. 
infuinatana... 
infuscana 



94 

1 

412 

194 

32 
325 
119 



inopiana 

inornatana 



luteolana 

lutosana 

lutulentana 

lynosyrana 

maccana 

maculatana 

maculidorsana. 
magnana 



ss 
61 
130 

ST 

13 

262 

11 

07 



(16) 



62 



C. H. FERNALT). 



NUMBER 

malaehitana 200 

malana 181,415 

malivorana 22 

marcidana 367 

ma rgari talis (17 

margaritana 418 

mariana 64 

matutina 283 

mayrana 11 

meanderana. '. 171 

mecospila 98 

mediofaseiana 351 

melaleucana 51 

metamelana 358 

minimana 324 

ministrana 56 

minorana 337 

minuta 24 

modeeriana 18 

moescbleriana 71 

mosstana 189 

monetiferana 168 

monogrammana 238 

muricana 371 

imirina 198 

murtfeldtiana : 356 

musculana 46 

mutabilana 229 

nana 149 

nebulana 33 

nebulosana 348 

nigralbana 272 

nigridia 83 

nigrolinea 7 

nimbatana 187 

nitidaiia 166 

nitidanura 170 

niveana 6 

niveiguttana 227 

niveosana 66 

nivisellana 16 

nubeculana 352 

nubiferana 191 

nubilana 204 

numerosana 251 

obsoletana 11, 37 

ochreana 18,248 

ochreoalbana 149 

ocbromelana 190 

occipitana 250 

oceultana 346 

oeellana 349,379 

ooulana '. 349 

oculatana 417 

oenotberana •. 145 

olivaeeana 172, 293 

oregonana , 330 

osmundana 199 

osseana 65 

otiosana 288 

oxyacanthana 33 



NUMBER 

oxycoccana 20 

pacifinana. 376 

packardiana 276, 426 

pallidicostana 309 

pallorana 73 

palpana 263 

paludana 41 

parallela 36 

parallelana 139 

parisiana 5 

parryana 413 

parvana 322 

paryimaculana 151 

passe rana 265 

pauper an a 163,164 

peeuliana 2 

perangustana 312 

perdricana 253 

perduetana 229 

perfiuana 391 

peri tana 79 

permundana. 171 

perm u tan a 15 

permutatana 15 

persicana 50 

perspicuana 11 

perstructana 327 

petiverella 403 

pettitana 99 

pilleriana 88 

pinetana 228 

pinieolana 346 

pinivorana 160 

plaeidana 5 

plagana 163 

plagosana..' 375 

platanana 367 

plumbana 403 

plumbosana 14 

poana 217 

pcecilana 280 

politana 60. 402 

pom an a 395 

pomonana 395 

pomonella 395 

pratana 65 

pri mariana 185 

primulana 247 

procellariana 423 

promptana 133 

pruniana -4 - •* 

prunivora 381 

psorana 11 

ptyehogrammos 1 1 

pudendana 160 

pulchellana 60, 405 

pulcherrimana 104 

pullana 345 

pul vera tana 271 

pulverosana 12 

punetana 175 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



63 



puncticostana 216 

puritana 91 

purpurana 31 

purpurjciliana 341 

pyrifoliana 349 

quadrifasciana 5V 

quadrifidum 180 

quadripunctana 65 

quercana 97 

quercifoliana. 76 

quinquemaculana 23] 

quintana 232 

radian a 11 

radiatana 292 

radicana 264 

radicieolana 404 

ramostriana 11 

recti plieana 268 

refusana 326 

reliquana 162 

resinella 16l) 

restitutana 114 

resumptana 334 

ret ana 75 

reticulatana 98 

retractana 409 

ridingsana 235 

rigidana 155 

ri ley ana 35 

rivellana 213 

rivulana 213 

robinsonana 232 

roessleri 299 

rosaceana. 30 

rosana 33,78 

roseomaeulana 2oi 

rostrana 114 

rudana 89 

rutilana. .. 131 

sagittana 21)4 

saliciana 343 

salicicolana .">42 

saligneana 285 

saltitans 396 

sanbornana 38 

sartana 125 

saxicolana 124 

scabrana 1,5,11 

scalana 317 

schalleriana 17 

schulziana 228 

scintillana. 230 

seirpana. 164 

scissana 127 

scitana 382 

sciurana 160 

scripfcana 191,421 

scudderiana 285 

semiannula 18 

semicirculana 82 

semi fe rana 40 



NUMB K R 

semifuscana 51 

semiovana 355 

seneeionana 90 

senescens 7 

sentana ns 

septentriiimina 185 

sepulcrella 128 

seriatana 135 

sericorana 169 

sescuplaua 47 

shastana 260 

signatana 318 

signana 163 

similana 289, 290 

similisana 225 

simpliciana 19 

simulana. - 401 

smeathmanniana 128 

solicitana 276 

spadiceana 158 

sparsana 11 

spiculana 305 

spirseifoliana 358 

spoliana 333 

stachydana 128 

stercoreaua 294 

stramineana 323 

straminoides 126 

strenuana 278 

stria tana 306 

subsequana • 353 

subauratana 98 

subcervinana liil 

suberistana 11 

subf'ascianus 56 

subflavana 259 

sublapidana 321 

subnisana 318 

aubnivana 3 

subplicana. 246 

subversana 278 

suecedana 298 

sulfureana 106 

sulphurana 414 

sylvana 60 

sylvestrana 159 

t alcana -".11 

tarandana 302 

tautana 391 

tenuiana 307 

tephrinana.. 270 

terracoctana 269 

tessellana 184 

fcestulana 102 

texanana 399 

ti net a 11 a 115 

tineana •"•79 

toreuta 397 

transiturana 38 

transmissana 277 

trans versa na 140 



G4 



C. H. FERN'AU). 



NUMBER 

treueriana 6 

treveriana 6 

trifasciana 46 

triferana.. 59 

trifurculana 76 

trigeminana 280 

trigonana 14, 69 

tripartitana 287 

triquetrana 416 

trisignana 4 

tristana 14 

tristrigana 387 

trivittan'a 306 

trossulana 393 

tuberculana 424 

tunieana 109 

turfosana 21S 

turionana 157 

turionella 157 

ulicana 403 

ulicetana 298 

ulmana 5 

uncana 372 

unoella 372 

unifaseiana 91 

urticana 214 

usticaua 183 

vaceiniana 350 

vacciniivorana 23 



NUMBER 

variana 33, 318 

variolana 24 

velutinana 61 

vertumnana 281 

verutana 163 

versicolorana 174, 175 

vesperana 37 

vestaliana 300 

vestitana 410 

vetulana...: 205 

viburnana 14 

vicariana 30 

vilisana 345 

violaceana 95 

virescana 47 

virginiana 106, 407 

vitana 88 

viteana 162 

vitellinana 123 

vitisana 162 

vitivorana 162 

vitrana 390 

v-signatana 39 

worthingtoniana 257 

xanthoides 92 

zacbana 403 

zapulata 364 

zelleriana 170 

zinckenana 228 



ERRATA. 

Page 2, 14th line, for Standinger read Staudinger. 

Page 3, 25th line, for Frol. read Frol, and for Wurtembergvse read Wurtem- 
bergise; and 36th to 39th lines, for Hub. read Hub. 

Page 4, 3d line, for Moescher read Moeschler, and 19th line, for Standinger read 
Staudinger. 

Page 7, 32d line, for Wlms. read Wlxm. 

Page 10, 18th line, for Lozotsenia read Loxottenia. 

Page 11, 9th and 11th lines, for levigana read lsevigana. 

Page 18, 8th line, for 1757 read 1759. 

Page 19, 24th line, for Pilleriana read Pillerana. 

Page 24, 6th line, for Wlms. read Wlsm. 

Page 33, 29th line, for I860 read 1865. 

Page 41, 2d line, for p. 194 read p. 94, and 29th line, for Foods read Food. 

Page 43, 3d line, for aspidiscana read aspidana. 

Page 48, 19th line, for Penthina read Hedya. 

Page 53, 28th line, for 1758 read 1759. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 05 

Descriptions of new species of TORTRICID/E. 

BY C. H. FERNALD, A. M. 

Teras ferrnginiguttana n. sp.— Head, palpi, basal joints of antennae, 
thorax and fore wings, light gray sprinkled with dark gray scales which are so 
arranged on the fore wings as to give a faint impression of an oblique central 
band and spots on the costa and outer border. Surface of the fore wings with 
the scales more or less tufted. A tuft on the fold near the base of the wing, an 
elongated streak through the oblique stripe on the cell, and a spot between this 
and the outer border, bright rust-red. Fringes lighter gray. Hind wings light 
yellowish, silky ; streaked, with irregular cross lines of light fuscous which run 
together more or less towards the apex. Fringes and abdomen above and beneath, 
very light straw yellow. Under side of all the wings very light yellow reticulated 
with fuscous. Costa and fringes of the fore wings reflecting the markings of the 
upper side. Legs light yellowish, tarsi ringed with fuscous. Expanse 28 mm. 

Habitat. — Colorado. Described from one female. 

Teras chalybeana n. sp. — Head, thorax and fore wings, light steel-blue. 
Palpi light steel-blue on the outside fading into cream color beneath and within. 
Face and under side of antennae at base cream color. Thorax with a transverse 
black band behind the collar, extending across the patagise, and with some black 
scales at the posterior part which is untufted. Anterior wings and fringes con- 
colorous with the head and thorax. A small black band extends from the costa 
at the base of the wing partially across, forming, when the wings are closed, 
a continuation of the transverse black band of the thorax. A costal spot extends 
on the costa from the basal third to a point three-fourths the distance from the 
base to the apex, and across the wing bo the middle of the cell. This spot is 
formed by two parallel curved lines of black scales about one milimeter apart, 
more or less in tufts which start from the basal third of the costa, curve down and 
outward, and return to the costa towards the apex where they are much broken 
and mixed with the ashy scales of the wings. A small tuft of black scales occurs 
on the fold near the base of the wing and another above it. Beneath silky steel- 
gray with cream colored spots along the costa. Fringes lighter. Posterior wings 
and abdomen above concolorous with the under side of fore wings. Under side 
and the fringes lighter. Under side of body and abdomen with the lc_ r s light 
ochre-yellow. Tarsi annul ated with brown. Expanse 22 mm. 

Habitat. — Orono, Me., New York. One specimen was taken in On mo. 
at sugar, Sept. 20, 1880. Described from two males and one female. 

Teras cervinana n. sp. — Head white, stained with dull red : palpi light 

fuscous mi tl utside, white above and inside, antenna- reddish fuscous. Thorax 

reddish fawn color, untufted, and with a transverse white stripe extending across 
in front even on to the costa of the fore wings. Fore wings reddish fawn colored, 
touched with white along the costa. A dark brown semicircle enclosing a white 
spot, rests upon the middle of the costa and extends to the middle of the cell. 
A few minute tufts of dark brown scales occur on the cell immediately below the 
semicircle, another on the fold near the base of the wing, another above this last 
on the subcostal vein, and a few towards the outer margin in an oblique line. 
Fringes lighter. Under side pale, silky fuscous, reflecting the markings of the 

TRANS. AMER. EST. SOC. X. 17 JULY, 1882. 



66 ('. H. PERNALD. 

upper surface. Hind wings and abdomen above, pale fuscous, fringes and under 
side lighter with some small faint maculations towards the apex. Expanse 17 mm. 

Habitat. — Massachusetts. 

I have what I think is a variety of this species from Georgia. It 
differs in having- the fawn color of the fore wings broken up by white, 
so as to appear like minute checkers. 

Ter»s aiiiericailH n. sp. — Head reddish white ; palpi white within, reddish 
fuscous on the outside, last joint nearly concealed. Thorax whitish; the collar, 
tips of the patagise and two stripes across the thorax, light red. Fore wings white, 
dimly reticulated with light red which is suffused along the borders. A dark red 
spot rests on the costa a little before the middle, and another before the apex, both 
of which are connected with a third which rests on the cell, so as to form a tri- 
angle, the base of which rests on the costa. A red line extends from the outer 
costal spot obliquely across to the anal angle, having in it a few sprinkles of tufted 
black scales, and a similar line nearly parallel to the former extends across the 
wing from, the inner part of the cellular spot. A black fleck of tufted scales rests 
on the fold near the base of the wing, and another above it on the subcostal vein. 
Fringes light reddish, darker at the base. Hind wings above and beneath whitish, 
with very pale fuscous reticulations at the apex. Fringes concolorous with the 
wing. Under side of fore wings very pale reddish fuscous, reticulated, reflecting 
the markings of the upper side. Abdomen and legs concolorous with the hind 
wings. Fore and middle legs touched on the outside with light fuscous. Expanse 
15—16 mm. 

Habitat. — Massachusetts, California. Described from three males and 
one female. Californian examples have the fore wings more or less 
suffused with the reddish. 

Tersis fisliiana. n. sp. — Head, thorax and fore wings, light rust-red, the 
markings more or less plainly indicated by dark brown and gray scales. Palpi 
rust-red above and externally, lighter within and beneath. Head and antennfe 
above, rusty brown, inclining to reddish gray in one exainple. Thorax reddish 
brown, lighter behind with a dark brown transverse stripe behind the collar ex- 
tending to the patagiee. Fore wings light gray, the basal portion as far as the 
oblique band sprinkled more or less with dark brown scales, and suffused with 
reddish brown on the basal part of the costa. The basal side of the oblique band 
begins at the basal third of the costa, and extends obliquely across the wing 
slightly curving outwardly on the cell, but returning to the general direction 
again at the median vein, and terminates near the outer third of the internal 
margin. This line is free from the dark brown atoms, and thus appears lighter, 
but is followed by the darker shade of the terminal portion of the wing which 
is reddish brown sprinkled with dark brown atoms, the shade being darkest on 
the cell and costa, lighter towards the anal angle. A second pale line is faintly 
shown extending from near the middle of the costa obliquely out to the outer and 
upper angle of the cell where it curves down slightly ending at the anal angle. 
Fringes concolorous with the adjacent parts of the wing, hut without the dark 
brown atoms. Under side silky gray, straw yellow on the costa and outer margin, 
irrorated with gray. Fringes lighter, with a reddish tinge towards the apex. 
Hind wings light silky gray, with darker scattered and remote irrorations; be- 
neath lighter, the irrorations more distinct. Fringes above and beneath lighter. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 07 

Abdomen concolorous with the hind wings; anal brush, straw yellow. Legs gray 
with the tarsi annulated with straw yellow. Expanse 26 mm. 

Habitat. — Orono, Me. Described from three males, taken Sept. 17, 
1879. 

I take pleasure in dedicating this species to my friend Mr. Charles 
Fish, Principal of the High School in Brunswick, Me., who has collected 
many beautiful Tortricids for me. 

Lophoclerus quadrif'asciana n. sp.— Head, thorax and fore wings, 
above and beneath lemon-yellow, uniformly reticulated with orange-red. Fore 
wings each with two narrow oblique bands, the first starting from the basal fourth 
of the costa, ends at the middle of the inner margin ; the second starting from 
the middle of the costa, ends at the anal angle. These bands enlarge a little 
on the internal border. Hind wings sordid yellowish. Fringes and under side 
lighter. The males differ in having the oblique bands of the fore wings dark 
purplish-brown, the portion of the wing beyond the outer band more or less 
suffused with purplish-brown, the hind wings above fuscous, and all the wings 
a little lighter beneath. Expanse 16 — 17 mm. 

Habitat. — Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, Illinois. 

Lophoderus iiiariana n. sp. — Head, thorax and basal portion of fore 
wings ochre white. Palpi externally and antennae, fuscous. Thoracic tuft, yel- 
lowish and fuscous at the tip. Fore wings with the basal patch dull yellowish- 
white, scarcely distinguishable from the ground color beyond, and sprinkled more 
or less with dark brown scales. Oblique band, starting from the middle of the 
costa, extends across the wing to the inner margin near the anal angle. The first 
third of this band is dark brown while the rest is dull ochery yellow sprinkled 
with dark brown scales. The band is somewhat constricted where it terminates 
on the inner margin and also between the brown and yellow parts. The outer 
part of the wing is chalky white with the veins and a spot above the anal angle 
faintly indicated by darker scales, while a dark brown lengthened spot, but slightly 
separated from the oblique band, and extended nearly to the apex, rests on the 
costa. Fringes yellowish with brown scales at the base. Under side fuscous, with 
lighter and sprinkled edges. Hind wings pale gray : fringes lighter with a pale 
gray line near the base. Under side whitish with gray sprinkles and fine spots 
along the costa and apically. Abdomen pale fuscous above, lighter beneath; anal 
brush straw-yellow, as are also the legs. Fore and middle legs touched with 
fuscous; tarsi annulated with brown. Expanse 19 — 21 mm. 

Habitat. — Orono, Me., Massachusetts, New York. 

Food. — Oak'^ Described from four males. 

In naming this beautiful species for my wife, Maria E. Fernald, 
I wish to say that I am indebted to her more than to all others for 
assistance and encouragement in my studies. 

Lophoilerus coloradana n. sp.— Head, thorax and basal portion of the 
fore wings, bright fulvous; oblique band darker, beyond which the wings are light 
yellow with a dark brown costal spot. Head, palpi and thorax bright fulvous; 
thoracic tuft darker red. Anterior wings at the base, concolorous with the head 
and thorax ; basal patch scarcely distinguishable from the ground color beyond, but 



68 C. H. PERNALD. 

faintly indicated by several oblique reddish Lines which eross this portion of the 

wing and end in small brown spots on the hinder border of the wing; the band 
passing obliquely across the middle of the wing is dark red inclining to brown, 
the color of the basal portion extends into this band forming an angle on the 
subcostal vein; beyond the oblique band the wing is white, washed with reddish, 
and has a dark brown spot on the costa between the band and the apex. The 
ground color is lightest before this spot. Fringe concolorous with the outer part 
of the wing. Under side lighter but faintly reflecting the marks on the costa 
above. Posterior wings whitish tinged with grayish towards the' anal angle, be- 
neath of the same color but lacking the grayish tinge: fringe above and beneath 
lighter. Abdomen and thorax beneath, as well as the legs, light straw-yellow; 
fore tarsi annulated with light fuscous. Expanse 26 mm. 

Habitat. — Colorado. Described from one male and one female. 

Tortrix alleniana n. sp. — Head, thorax and fore wings varying in differ- 
ent specimens from reddish to golden-yellow, with irregular cross lines on the 
fore wings of a darker reddish color. The beginning of an oblique stripe on the 
middle of the costa and a subapical patch of a dark reddish color, occurs in some 
specimens. Hind wings dull oehry white, somewhat sordid towards the anal 
angle. All the fringes above and beneath concolorous with the wings. Under 
side of hind wings straw-yellow, darker apieally. Under side of fore wings light 
fuscous, yellowish around the edges. Abdomen above and beneath, and the 
middle and hind legs concolorous with the hind wings. Fore legs in front, con- 
colorous with the head. Females differ in having narrower fore wings with more 
pointed apices, and they are of a darker red color, while the hind wings are 
grayish tipped with yellowish on the apex. Expanse 23 — 25 mm. 

Habitat. — Orono, Me. Described from three males and three females 
taken in July. 

I have named this species in honor of Mr. Anson Allen of Orono, who 
has greatly aided me by his extensive collecting and critical observations. 

Tortrix semicirciiliiiia n. sp. — Palpi, head, thorax and fore wings, 
straw-yellow, more or less mottled and reticulated with light chestnut-brown. 
A quadrate spot of chestnut-broWn rests on the middle of the eosta of the fore 
wings, sending off a line to the humeral angle, and one to the anal angle. An 
oblique band starts from the outer fourth of the eosta. and extends across to the 
middle of the hind margin, but is suddenly constricted to a narrow line below 
the cell. The arrangement of these marks together with the reticulations of the 
wing is such that two semicircular spots of the ground color of the wing are left, 
one resting on the middle and the other on the basal third of the costa. There 
are also two circular spots more or less clearly defined, one on the middle and the 
other at the end of the cell. Fringe white with the apical portion and basal line 
chestnut-brown. Beneath washed with light chestnut, scarcely showing the mark- 
ings of the upper side. Hind wings white above and beneath, washed with a faint 
shade of yellow apieally on the upper side. Abdomen above and beneath and 
also the legs, light st ra w-yellow, fore legs marked with chestnut. Expanse 23 mm. 

Habitat. — Colorado. Described from four males and -three females. 

One specimen has the fore wings entirely washed with chestnut but 
not sufficient to obliterate the usual markings. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. (J!j 

(Enectra flavibasana n. sp.— Head, palpi and thorax, dark purplish- 
brown. Fore wings, with the costa much arched, reddish-brown; central part of 
the base bright golden-yellow, with an oblique indistinct brown shade bordering 
it on the outside, and extending from the humeral angle up to near the middle of 
the costa. The apical portion of the wing is dark brown and is limited by a line 
from the anal angle up to the costa at the outer 'fourth. Numerous cross streaks 
show in an oblique light by their metallic reflections. Fringes lighter. Hind 
wings above and all the wings beneath, fuscous. The markings of the upper side 
of the fore wings show more or less beneath. Expanse 19—20 mm. 
Habitat. — Texas, Illinois. Described from two females. 

Ceiiopis groteana n. sp.— Head, palpi, thorax and fore wings, bright 

sulphur-yellow. Outer side of the palpi, sides of the thorax extending on to the 
costa of the fore wings, a band from the basal third of the costa extending down 
to the fold joined with one from the outer third of the costa leaving a semicircular 
patch on the middle of the costa, of the ground color of the wing, a speck on the 
costa towards the apex, one on the fold near the base and a series of atoms from 
the outer part of the outer band across the wing curving inward at a uniform 
distance from the outer margin, bright coffee-brown. Fringes sulphur-yellow. 
Abdomen and hind wings above and beneath pure silky white. Under side of the 
fore wings light straw color, plainly showing the markings of the upper side. All 
the legs white, the fore ones touched with brown in front. Expanse 20 mm. 

Habitat. — Ohio. Described from one female. 

I take pleasure in dedicating this beautiful species to my old friend 
Prof. A. R. Grote, who has rendered me so much valuable assistance in 
my entomological studies. 

• Ceiiopis quercana n. sp. — Head, palpi and antennae, reddish-gray in the 
males, concolorous with the thorax and fore wings in the females. Thorax and 
fore wings dull rust-red. Basal patch, median and subapical hands lighter in the 
males and inclining to yellowish on the costa with strong greenish reflections when 
seen in an oblique light, showing most strongly in the females. Fringes lighter. 
Hind wings and abdomen above, light fuscous, lighter beneath. Under side of 
fore wings dull reddish, fuscous on the cell, the lighter markings of the upper side 
scarcely showing. Expanse £> 14 mm. — 9 16 mm. 

Habitat. — New York, Missouri, Texas. 

Food. — Leaves of Oak, (Comstock) ; and cultivated Cherry, ( Miss 
Murtfeldt). Described from four nudes and four females. 

Phoxopteris goodellisiua n. sp.— Head, palpi, thorax and fore wings, 
pale ashy white. Thorax touched with brown; a bright coffee-brown band ex- 
tends through the fore wing from the middle of the base to the apex, occupying 
nearly a third of the breadth of the wing, in its widest part, and is twice indented 
on the posterior edge, once near the middle, and again more deeply, near the outer 
end, by the. ocelloid patch. Through the centre of the band extends a somewhat 
irregular stripe of dark brown. Costa faintly marked with oblique stripes of 
brown which are more prominent towards the apex, leaving geminate streaks of 
the whitish ground color. Hind margin with about eight brown dots, and faint 
sprinkles of the same color over the ground color. Fringe white at the base and 
beneath the apex, where it is cut by a brown streak darker beyond. Hind wings 

(18) 



7»» C. H. PERNALD. 

and abdomen above pale, silken, ashy; lighter beneath. Under side of fore wings 
pale ashy, with the fringe nearly white, and the costa lighter reflecting the oblique 
marks of the upper side. Expanse 28 mm. 

Habitat. — Me., N. H., Mass. Described from two males and three 
females. 

Pen til ill a COStimaculaiia n. sp. — Head dark ashy, palpi lighter beneath. 
Thorax dark brown with lighter cross stripes which cover the greater part of the 
patagice. Fore wings pale pink, with the basal half much mottled with dark 
brown and black. Oblique band from middle of costa to hinder margin before 
the anal angle, dark brown with a broad black dash crossing it on the cell, and 
several below. The apical portion of the wing is dark brown with three pink 
flecks on the costa, from the middle one of which an oblique stripe of metallic- 
blue extends down to a pink fleck near the middle of the outer border, above 
which are two more pink flecks in a line on the border. The pink interspace 
between the oblique band and the brown apical portion of the wing is filled in 
below the end of the cell with black-brown and metallic-blue scales, so as to leave 
but little of the pink on this part of the wing, but the pink on the costal portion 
of the wing forms a very conspicuous spot by means of which this species may be 
distinguished. Fringes brown with two spots of pink below the apex, and one at 
the anal angle; basal line black. Hind wings and abdomen above dark brown; 
fringes and abdominal brush light yellow. Tinder side of all the wings of a lighter 
shade than the upper side of hind wings ; fore wings show a series of yellow spots 
along the costa and at the anal angle. Expanse 13 — 14 mm. 

Habitat. — Maine, Massachusetts. Described from two males. 

Pentllina interruptoliiieana n.sp. — Head and palpi dark ashy, lighter 
above. Thorax light ashy, with a stout dark red tuft, and touched with purplish. 
Fore wings with the basal part of the costa as far as the median oblique band, 
and nearly down to the fold, very light purplish-ash color : below this the wing 
is fulvous. The oblique band is fulvous, darker on the costa with a wavy basal 
edge, ami scarcely separable below. The outer edge of this band has three teeth, 
one extends outward on the upper part of the cell, the second on the lower, and 
the third on the hinder border. Through the middle tooth extends an interrupted 
black line to the middle of the outer border. The outer part of the wing is 
purplish, with two more or less distinct oblique fulvous bands. Fringe purple 
inclining to ashy at the anal angle. Hind wings ami abdomen above and beneath 
silky gray. Under side of fore wings darker. Expanse 14 — 15 mm. 

Habitat. — N. H., Mass. Described from one male and two females. 

Sericoris albiciliana n. sp. — Head covered with black and yellowish 
scales mixed; palpi whitish, touched on the outside with blackish, last joint 
blackish. Thorax black and yellowish mixed with some indications of cross 
bars; fore wings black with yellow scales intermingled, and also metallic-blue 
in irregular broken oblique lines. The yellow is so arranged as to show two 
geminate spots on the basal third of the costa, with metallic stripes starting from 
between each of these. On the apical portion of the costa there are three yellow 
geminate spots equidistant, starting into oblique stripes which are soon lost. 
From the first and third of these yellow spots oblique metallic stripes extend more 
or less regularly, one to the anal angle, the other to the middle of the outer border. 
Fringes above and beneath straw-yellow, broken by dark metallic above the anal 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 71 

angle. Hind wings dark gray with white fringes, and a large white spot on the 
middle of the eosta extending down to the median vein. Under side lighter than 
above, the white costal spot more diffuse, and not reaching the costa. Abdomen 
above silky gray, beneath yellowish. Expanse 14 mm. 

Habitat. — Orono, Me. Described from three males and one female. 

Eccopsis olivaceana n. sp. — Head sordid yellow; palpi light yellow, last 
joint fuscous. Thorax olivaceous witlf cross stripes of brown. Fore wings sordid 
pale yellow overlaid more or less with silvery scales. Basal patch, anal patch, 
central and subapieal bands brown, largely overlaid with olivaceous scales, The 
central band has two teeth on its outer side, one on the upper side of the cell, the 
other on the lower. The costa is marked by two geminate, sordid white streaks 
between the basal patch and central band, and by four similar ones towards the 
apex, which extend into oblique lines. Fringe white, with a fuscous basal line, 
and marked with fuscous at the apex, and where the subapieal band joins the 
outer margin. Hind wings and abdomen above, and all the wings beneath, 
fuscous. Expanse 12 — 14 mm. 

Habitat. — Mass., Penn. Described from two males and four females. 

Eccopsis atrodeutana n. sp. — Head dull ochrey yellow, touched with 
brownish on the vertex; palpi lighter, with the last joint, and two spots oh the 
outside of the second', dark brown. Thorax greenish-brown, touched with dull 
yellowish somewhat in cross bands. Fore wings whitish between the usual mark- 
ings, overlaid with silvery scales which give pale bluish reflections. The usual 
markings are olive-green, more or less broken or overlaid with dark brown or 
black. The basal patch is outwardly angulated on the fold, and is more or less 
broken by the ground color of the wing, especially towards the costa. The central 
oblique band has two teeth on its outside, one on the upper side of the cell, the 
other on the lower, which are dark brown or black, especially the lower one. 
A triangular spot re^ts upon the hinder margin near the anal angle, and is some- 
times connected with the lower portion of the oblique band which in some speci- 
mens is divided across below the lower tooth. The usual subapieal band and 
costal geminations are present. Fringe smoky, broken somewhat with pale, sordid 
yellowish. Beneath light fuscous, showing the costal geminations in yellowish. 
Hind wings and abdomen above pale fuscous; fringe lighter, beneath paler than 
above. Under side of the body, and also the legs, pale ochreous ; tarsi annulated 
with fuscous. Genicular brush smoky. Expanse 17 — ly mm. 

Habitat. — Ont, Ohio, Tex. Described from six males and one female. 

Eccopsis corylana n. sp. — Head, thorax and fore wings whitish, mixed 
with dark brown, and pale, greenish white scales. Palpi whitish, with the last 
joint, and the end of the second, dark fuscous. The usual markings of the fore 
wings are nearly obliterated, but there is a darker, indistinct band extending from 
the humeral angle obliquely up and out to the costa a little beyond the middle, 
and bordered below by a lighter shade. The subapieal band only is clearly visible 
as well as the costal geminations, and a small apical spot of dark brown. Fringe 
purple, mixed to some extent with fuscous. Beneath pale fuscous reflecting the 
costal geminations. Hind wings fuscous, paler beneath. Expanse 14 — 15 mm. 

Habitat. — White Mts., N. H. Described from two males and two 
females. 



72 ('. H. FERNALD. 

Eccopsis malana n. sp. — Head white in front and beneath, dark brown 

or nearly black above; palpi pure white, with the last joint and two small spots 
on the outside of the second one, fuscous. Thorax nearly black, with whitish 
cross bands. Fore wings white with silvery reflections. Basal patch black, repre- 
sented on the costal half by a few scattered black scales, but on the inner margin, 
by a prominent black patch which has a re-entrant angle of the ground color on 
vein one, and an outward prolongation or tooth above the fold. The beginning 
of the oblique central band on the costa, and a small black spot at the end of the 
cell are all that remain of the band. The subapical band and costal geminations 
are present, all more or less overlaid with light scales. Fringes smoky with 
a black basal line. Hind wings and abdomen above fuscous; under side lighter. 
Legs whitish. Tarsi and tibia? annulated with dark brown. Expanse 15 mm. 

Habitat. — New York, Illinois. Bred from larvae on Apple leaves by 
Mr. Coquillett, in Illinois. Described from tliree males. 

Semasia ferrugiiiana n. sp. — Head ashy brown above, pure ashy in 
front; palpi whitish, with the last joint, outer end of second, and a dash on the 
outside of the same, ashy. Thorax and fore wings ferruginous brown. This color 
on the fore wings is in narrow longitudinal stripes with pale yellowish between, 
but towards the outer end of the wings, the ferruginous gradually suffuses the 
whole surface. A few indistinct metallic streaks occur on the apical portion of 
the costa, and the ocelloid patch is more or less completely surrounded by metallic 
scales, and shaded above and below by dark brown. Hind wings and abdomen 
above dark reddish-brown, under side of the hind wings lighter. All the fringes 
lighter than the adjacent part of the wings. Expanse 16 — 9 ^ mm. 

Habitat.— Me., N. H., Mass. Described from one male and two 
females. 

Semasia Havana n. sp. — Head and palpi white, slightly sordid ; thorax 
very light gray; fore wings above light gray, with a white stripe from the base 
through the middle to the end of the cell; a white ocelloid patch with a few 
brown flecks on its sides; the outer third of the costa white, with several oblique, 
irregular streaks, and the basal part of the costa marked with brown flecks; 
a dark brown clavate stripe on the under side of the central white stripe extends 
to the middle of the wing. Fringes white, sprinkled with gray. Hind wings and 
abdomen above, and all the wings beneath, gray ; fringes lighter. Legs white; 
tarsi annulated with gray. Expanse 14 mm. 

Habitat. — Truro. Mass., Aug. 8. Described from two males. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 73 



A Synopsis of the MORDKLLIDE of the United States. 

BY JOHN B. SMITH. 

The following synopsis of the genera and species is based principally 
upon Dr. LeConte's synopsis in Pr. Ac. N. 8c. Phila. xiv, pp. 43-51. 
The arrangement there proposed has been retained, and besides adding 
subsequently described and several new species little change has been 
found necessary ; a few of the species there described are referred 
as synonyms or varieties, but otherwise matters have been left pretty 
much as they were. In preparing the synopsis I have been aided by 
Drs. LeConte and Horn of Phila., and by Prof. Schaupp of Brooklyn. 
Dr. Horn granted me the rare favor of allowing me to take his entire 
collection of this family for the purposes of study and description, 
while Dr. LeConte placed his types and all his undetermined material 
at my disposal. 

The insects comprising this family are distinguished by the usually 
small size, depressed or transversely flattened form, enlarged coxae and 
femora, the transverse striatum in the Anaspini, and the anal style in 
the Morbellini. They are usually clothed with fine sericeous pubes- 
cence and often handsomely variegated. 

A few words may be said of the structural characters used in sepa- 
rating genera and species in this family. One of the most important of 
these characters are the ridges on the tibia and tarsi in the Mordellini ; 
these ridges vary in distinctness, direction, length and number ; and by 
them species which superficial examination would pronounce identical, 
can be readily distinguished. As a means of separating species this 
character is excellent, as a generic distinction its value is doubtful ; and 
yet Glipodes and Mordellistena are separated principally by the number 
and direction of these ridges; principally 1 say, but not entirely, else I 
should have discarded Glipodes; what led me to retain the genus is the 
peculiarity of the maxillary palpi of the % of G. sericans. 'I he % of 
helva has either not yet been found or the peculiarity docs not exist in it ; 
should the latter prove the case, then Glipodes must fall ; until the £ of 
helva is discovered it would be rather a hasty course to discard the 
genus, unless meanwhile some other species are discovered which will 
bridge the gap. This I consider more than probable when the southern 
and western portions of the United States have been thoroughly collected 
over. It is a matter of regret that common as arc the species on flowers, 
larger collections of this falnily are not made, and yet a fact it is, that in 

TRANS. AMUIi. ENT. SOC. X. (1U) s .11 IV, 1882. 



74 J. B. SMITH. 

most collections this family is represented only by a few of the more 
common species — often not at all. The genus Mordellistena is divided 
into groups according to the number of tibial ridges, and the groups are 
subdivided according to the tarsal ridges, until finally color separates the 
species of the subdivisions where there is more than one species therein. 

In a very few instances there exist besides the set of well marked ridges, 
imperfect or rudimentary ridges, and these rudiments in at least one 
case create doubt ; M. aspersa and M. morula are separated only by the 
number of ridges on the posterior tibia ; aspersa having two, and morula 
three ; but aspersa occasionally has a rudimentary ridge, and this rudi- 
ment became in one instance so strong that I was really in doubt whether 
the insect was morula or aspersa ; among the undoubted morula form 
I could find mine which seemed to present a weak third ridge, while I 
managed to fill the gap between my specimen and the true aspersa by 
intermediate forms and so placed it with the latter ; the question now is 
whether diligent collecting in the home of morula would not show that 
it and aspersa intergrade, and what effect that would have on the large 
proportion of species based on ridges alone ! Until I can get a much 
greater amount of material this question cannot be absolutely determined, 
and meanwhile the genera and species may be distinguished as follows : 

MORDELLID.E. 

A. — Abdomen without anal prolongation ; claws not cleft; hind femora moderate. 

ANASPINI. 
Anterior and middle tarsi with fourth joint equal to third. 

Antennae long; scarcely thickened externally Diclidia. 

Antennae shorter; last five joints broader Pentaria. 

Anterior and middle tarsi with fourth joint very small Vnaspis. 

B. — Abdomen with the last segment prolonged, conical, claws cleft and pectinate, hind 

femora very large v MORDELLINI. 

Hind tibia with a small subapical ridge ; eyes finely granulated. 

Scutel usually emarginate behind; anal style short, obtuse Tomoxiii. 

Scutel triangular; anal style long and slender.. Mordella. 

Hind tibia and tarsi with oblique ridges on the outer face; eyes coarsely 
granulated. 

Hind tibia without subapical ridge Glipodes. 

Hind tibia with subapical ridge distinct Mordellistena. 

ANASPINI. 
Hind femora not, or but slightly dilated ; tibia slender, claws not cleft 
nor serrate ; last dorsal segment not prolonged ; sixth ventral segment 
not visible in Anaspis ; visible in Pentaria and Diclidia ; eyes oval. 
narrowly emarginate ; antennae inserted very near the eyes, not serrate. 
Body transversely strigate, pubescent. Species found on plants. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 75 

DICLIDIA Lee. 

Scutellum rounded, triangular; last dorsal segment not prolonged, 
sixth ventral visible ; hind tibia slender, without ridges ; fourth joint 
of anterior and middle tarsi emarginate, not smaller than the third ; 
claws dilated at base ; hind femora small ; mesosternum compressed, 
much elevated ; eyes coarsely granulated with a small emargination ; 
antennae long and slender, slightly thickened externally, not serrate ; 
third and fourth joints each equal to the first and second together ; 
fifth and sixth a little shorter. 

In the £ the fifth ventral segment is broadly emarginate, and from 
the tip of the abdomen proceed two long triangular appendages truncate 
at apex. The sculpture consists of fine transverse lines. 

Differs from Pentaria by the form of the antennae, (see PI. I, fig. 1, 
Diclidia, and fig. G, Pentaria), by the form of the mesosternum, and 
by the external sexual characters ; the maxillary palpi, posterior tibia 
and tarsi, and anterior tarsi are figured PI. I, figs. 1 — 4 inclusive. 

The only species known is 

D. lietlila Lee. (Anaspit), Pr. Ac. 1858, p. 76. (PL I, fig. 5).— Yellow;' scu- 
tellar cloud, and two posterior bands of elytra black; venter fuscous. 3 mm. 
Texas, Ohio. 

Seems to be not uncommon in Texas, and will probably be found 
elsewhere in the southwest. The specimens vary in the distinctness 
of the black markings, which are sometimes barely discernable ; the 
width of the bands varies somewhat but the position and length are 
always the same. 

PENTARIA Mills. 

Like Diclidia, except that the mesosternum is not compressed and 
elevated; antennae with the joints 4 — (! short, 7 — 11 thickened, not 
serrate ; last joint of the maxillary palpi triangular, acute at tip. 

The species are small, narrow, and finely pubescent; the sculpture as 
in Diclidia consists of very fine transverse lines. The species except 
trifasciata are western, and even that species is exceedingly rare; so 
rare (hat none of the eastern collectors with whom I am acquainted, nor 
I myself have taken it. 

This as well as Diclidia seems to lead from some of the Melandryidir 
to the true Mordella, being related to both, but most closely to Anaspis, 
and therefore properly placed in this family. 

No external sexual characters have been hitherto discovered. The 
mouth parts and feet are shown PI. I, figs. 6 — 9. 



7<> J. B. SMITH. 

The species may be distinguished as follows : 

Body fuscous; head, thorax, feet and base of antennae testaceous; elytra yellow, 
with base, tip and a median band black. 3 — 4 mm.; Middle and Western 
States 1. triTasciata. 

Body slender; pubescence fine ; entirely fuscous or piceous ; legs, mouth parts and 
base of antennas paler. 2.5 — 3.5 mm.; Texas and New Mexico. ...2. fuscilla. 

Body narrow; yellow; with a broad fuscous band on the elytra at the middle. 
2.5 mm. ; California 3. nubila. 

Body robust; pubescence coarse, fuscous; head, venter, legs and antenna' pah- 
orange. 1.5 mm.; California - -4. hirsuta. 

1. I*, trifasciata Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Pbila. ii, 318, (Anaspis), Lee. Agassiz 
L. Sup. 231, (Anthobates). (PL I, fig. 10). 

I have received specimens from Ohio. In Dr. Horn's collection are 
specimens from the District of Columbia, Dakota and Utah Territory. 
It does not appear to vary in any respect, and may be readily dis- 
tinguished from the other species in this genus by the banded elytra. 

2. «». fuscula Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Pbila. xiv, 44. (PL I, fig. 12). 

The few specimens that I have seen agree in every respect with the 
description; there is a slight variation in size, and some in brightness of 
color, but none otherwise, that I could discover. The figure shows the 
appearance of the transverse striation. 

3. 1». nubila Lee. (Anaspis), Pr. Ac. 1859, p. 78. (PL I, fig. 1 1 ). 

Nearly allied to trifasciata in markings, but much more slender in 
form. The only specimens I have seen are from California, and they 
present no notable variation. 

4. 1*. hirsute sp. nov. (PL I, fig. 13). 

Readily distinguished from the other species in this genus by the 
exceedingly small size, the robust form, and the long and unusually coarse 
pubescence. It is most nearly allied to fuscula. One specimen only ; 
Coll. Dr. Horn. 

ANASPIS Geoff: 

Scutel rounded, triangular; last dorsal segment not prolonged, sixth 
ventral not visible; hind tibia slightly thickened, without ridges; fourth 
joint of anterior and middle tarsi very small, received upon the third 
which is slightly lobed ; claws dilated at base ; hind femora flat, moder- 
ate in size ; ■ mesosternum not compressed, finely carinate ; eyes coarsely 
granulated, with a small emargination ; antennae slightly thickened ex- 
ternally, not serrate; last joint of maxillary palpi rounded internally, 
pointed at tip ; transverse strigation very fine. 

In the % , two long slender appendages are seen proceeding from 
between the fourth and fifth ventral segments; the fourth and fifth and 
sometimes the others are longitudinally excavated. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTEKA. 77 

The species are usually found on flowers ; plentifully enough where 
they occur, but they seem to be local ; in two instances I have found 

A. rufa under the bark of a decaying tree, in considerable numbers. 
Dr. LeConte states that " in the % two long slender appendages are 

seen proceeding from between the fourth and fifth ventral segments," 
and I have followed him in the diagnosis of the genus. I must admit 
however that I have been entirely unable to discover these processes, 
although I have examined hundreds of specimens of A. rufa to this end 
alone. Vsl found with the excavated ventral segments* but never the 
processes. The mouth parts and feet are shown PI. I, figs. 14 — 18. 

A.— Body entirely black. 

Thorax twice as wide as long; base of antennpe, palpi and front legs testaceous; 

% with the ventral segments strongly channelled. 3 — 4 mm. ; Lake Superior, 

Hudson's Bay Territory, Vermont, New York 1. nigra. 

Thorax one-half wider than long; mouth and base of antennre very dark 

testaceous. 3 — 4 mm.; California and Colorado 2. atra. 

Thorax scarcely wider than long, base of antennse and feet dark testaceous; 

elytra with a rufous humeral spot. 3 mm.; California 3. militaris. 

B. — Head, thorax and body black, elytra brownish-yellow. 

Thorax scarcely wider than long. 4 mm.; California and Sitka. ..4. sericea. 
Thorax one-half wider than long. 3—4 mm.; New York, Georgia. Minnesota. 

5. flavipemiis. 
C. — Thorax and elytra brownish-yellow. 

Thorax one-half wider than long, head yellow or more or less piceous; antennse 
and abdomen yellow or fuscous. 3 — 4 mm.; Southern, Middle and Western 

States 6. rufa. 

Thorax nearly twice as wide as long; entirely uniform yellowish-brown; more 

robust than the preceding. 1 mm.; Col., Des. A Cal 7. pusio. 

D. — Thorax yellow ; elytra and body black. 

Thorax a little wider than long; anterior and middle thighs partly testaceous; 
transverse lines of elytra more distinct than usual. 3 mm.; California. 

8. collaris. 

1. A. nigra Hald. (Hallomenus), Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. New Series, i, 99; 
Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 45, (Ananpis). 

Very rare apparently ; only single specimens coming from various 
sections. One specimen from the vicinity of Ithaca, N. Y., and one 
from Vermont are all that I have seen. The insect is readily recognized 
by the robust form. 

2. A. atra Lee. Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. N. V. v. 107. (PI. I, fig. 20). 

More common than the former and readily distinguished from it by 
the more elongate and slender form. I have received it from Colorado, 
(Prof. Snow). 

3. A. militaris sp. nov. (PI. 1, tig. 21 j. 

Of the same form as the preceding, but at once distinguishable 

(20) 



<« J. B. SMITH. 

from it by the humeral spot of the elytra. One specimen only ; 
Coll. Dr. Horn. 

4. A. sericea Mann. Bull. Mosc. 1S43, 288; luleipennis Lee. Ann. Lyceum 
Nat. Hist. N. Y. v, 157. 

A specimen of this species sent me by Dr. LeConte, does not agree 

with the description of the species, and appears to be a specimen of 

A. rufa. I have seen no specimen to agree with the description. 

5. A. flavipemiis Hald. Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. New Series, i, 100. 
Common in northern N. Y. In the Adirondack Mts.. I found it in 

company with A. rufa, though by no means as common. The difference 
between this and the foregoing is very slight indeed, and a large, series 
of sericea may prove its identity with this species. 

6. A. rufa Say, Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. v. 244, [Mordella) ; pallescens Mann. 
Bull. Mosc. 1843, 288 ; ventralis Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. ii, 312 ; filiformis Lee. 
Agassiz L. Sup. p. 231 ; nigriceps Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 45. 

Rather a variable species, as appears from the synonomy ; nigriceps Lee. 
differs only very slightly in the color of the head from the typical rufa, 
and is at the most a local variation. I have collected many hundreds 
of this species, and- have them from a pale yellow to a dark fuscous, 
although I have none with the head deep black. Dr. LeConte's type 
however, which he kindly sent me, does not quite agree with his remark 
" head black, it is more nearly piceous. 

7. A. pusio Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. 1858, 7ti. (PI. I, fig. 19). 
The smallest of our species, presenting nothing noteworthy. 

8. A. COllaris Lee. Ann. Lyceum N. H. N. Y. v, 157. 

Readily distinguished by the combination of colors of thorax and 
elytra. I have seen hut very few specimens, and these presented 
nothing peculiar. 

MORDELLINI. 

Hind femora very large and flat ; metasternum short : hind tibia 
dilated; claws cleft to the base, and strongly pectinated; last dorsal 
segment conical, prolonged, sixth ventral not visible; eyes oval, emar- 
ginate ; antennae more or less serrate, inserted in front of the eyes, under 
a frontal margin ; body pubescent, very finely punctulate. 

I have been unable to find any consistent external sexual characters 

TOMOXIA Costa. 
A true' MordeKifJ genus, and differing from the genus Mordella 
principally by the eyes, which do not reach the occiput. The parts 
are figured PI. I. tigs. 22—26. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 79 

The species of this genus are cuneiform, of a blackish color varied 
with irregularly diffused, grayish pubescence ; scutel usually einarginate 
behind ; anal style short, obtuse ; hind tibiae and tarsi without ridges 
except the short subapical one of the former; eyes finely granulated; 
antennae serrate ; last joint of maxillary palpi more or less elongate, 
triangular and moderately thick, with the extremity hollowed out, 
sometimes broadly securiform. 

Mordella, hilaris Say. for which Dr. LeConte described the genus 
Glipa, belongs I believe to this genus. Glipa was based on the 
broadly securiform maxillary palpi and the non einarginate scutellum ; 
but T. lineella has the palpi nearly as broad, and the latter characteristic 
is so minute, and the emargination in Tomoxia (sensu LeConte), is so 
small that I cannot persuade myself to consider it as distinct. 

A. — Scutel emarginate behind. 
I. — Last joint of maxillary palpi long, triangular ; base of thorax rounded at 
middle. 
Elytra with broad bunds not extending behind the middle, a posterior fascia 
composed of spots, and apical margin cinereous; a large rhomboidal dark 
spot each side near base. 10 — 13 mm. ; Middle and Western States. 

l. bidentata. 
II. — Last joint of maxillary palpi securiform; base of thorax sub -emarginate at 
middle. 
Elytra with narrow lines, and subapical fascia cinereous; dark markings all 

narrow. 5 — 7 mm.; Middle and Western States 2. lineella. 

Elytra with a broad basal fascia, including each side a round black spot; 
transverse spot behind the middle, apex, suture and margin cinereous. 
a mm. ; Western States 3. iuclusa. 

B. — Scutel not emarginate behind. 
Maxillary palpi broadly securiform : black varied with cinereous hair; elytra 
with a narrow, sub-basal band oblique inward, and a broad one oblique out- 
wards, brown pubescent : connected along the suture and margin with cinere- 
ous pubescence. 9— 13 mm.; Middle and Western States 4. hilaris. 

1. T. bidentata Say, Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. iii, L'77, (Mordella). (PL I, 

fig. 27). 

Our most common species : found so far as [ know only on dead 
trees. I have never caught it myself, but Prof. Schaupp informs me 
that he has seen it in large numbers in northern New York, in such 
situations. The specimens vary somewhat in the distinctness of their 
markings, and few indeed present them so sharply outlined as they 
are in the figure. 

2. T. lineella Lee. Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Phil, xiv, 4a. (PL I, tig. 28, palpi fig. 31). 

Much more rare than the preceding and differing from it in the 
form of the maxillary palpi, in which it agrees with Glipa, and in the 



80 J. B. SMITH. 

markings. I have specimens from Ohio, but have not heard of its 
being found beyond the Mississippi. 

3. T. inclusa Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 45. (PI. I, fig. 29). 

I have seen but a single specimen (Dr. LeConte's type), that agrees 
in all respects with the description, and from it the figure here given 
was made. 

4. T. hilaris Say, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist, i, 190, (Mordella) ; hierogi 'yphica 
Schwarz, Pr. Am. Philos. Soc. xvii, 372, ( Glipa). (PI. I, fig. 30, palpi fig. 32). 

This species varies considerably in size, and somewhat in color of 
markings ; a variety which has the space between the two posterior 
fasciae brownish, pubescent furnished the type of Mr. Schwarz's hiero- 
glyphica. It does not appear to be common. 

MORDELLA Linn. 

Species cuneiform; scutel triangular; anal style generally long and 
slender ; hind tibia and tarsi without ridges except the short subapical 
one of the former ; eyes finely granulated, antennae more or less serrate ; 
last joint of maxillary palpi long, triangular and very obliquely truncate, 
except in the % of M. oculata where it is broad and securiform with the 
under surface clothed with erect hairs ; moderately thick and hollowed 
out at the extremity. 

The species of this genus are usually rather rare ; two or three species 
are common enough in the middle states, but the majority of them are 
found in single specimens now and again. The species do not differ in 
any important point from the foregoing or the two following genera, and 
the mouth parts are well shown PI. I, figs. 34, 35. 

The species are found on flowers, rarely on old dead trees or beneath 
loose bark. 

I. — Anal style short and truncate. 
Piceous, covered with sericeous brown hair; elytra with a double cinereous spot 

each side, behind the middle. 7 — 8 mm.; Kansas 1. 4-puiictata. 

Dull black: thorax, pygidium and elytra sprinkled with small rounded spots of 
silvery pubescence; elytra with a narrow interrupted band behind the 
middle, composed of confluent spots. 3 — 4 mm.; Northern States. 

2. borealis. 

II. — Anal style long and slender. 

$ Last joint of maxillary palpi scalene, triangular. 
A. — Pubescence above dark; without conspicuous markings. 

Deep black, finely pubescent; base of thorax broadly rounded at middle. 

5—7 mm.; Middle, Southern and Western States 3. melsena. 

Black: pubescence above dull or brownish, sometimes with cinereous hair 
intermixed; beneath black; margin of ventral segments more or less 
cinereous. 3 — 6 mm.; United States and Canada 4. scutellaris. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 81 

B. — Pubescence above black, with orange or grayish colored spots. 

I Iccipital margin, base of thorax with two projections on each side, an irregular spot 
surrounding the humerus, and a lunate spot near the tip of the elytra 
clothed with fine orange pubescence. 7 — 8mm.; Fla...5. iiillammala. 
Head grayish pubescent; thorax with reticulated lines of grayish yellow hair ; 
elytra with a curved basal spot, a narrow oblique one behind the humerus, 
a rounded sub-sutural one at the middle and a reniform spot one-fourth 
from the tip more or less fulvous pubescent; beneath spotted with cinere- 
ous pubescence, (i — 7 mm.; Mid., South. & West. Sts... 6. 8-punctata. 

C— Pubescence above black, varied with cinereous markings. 
Antennae and front legs black. 

Thorax cinereous, pubescent, with large black spots. 

Elytra with small cinereous markings more or less confluent; beneath, varied 

with cinereous and black. 3 — 5 mm.; United States. ..7. inarginata. 

Elytra with a narrow sutural line, margin, and an oblique vitta from the 

humerus to beyond the middle, cinereous. 4 mm.: Maryland, Michigan, 

Virginia, Illinois 8. I ii nig la la. 

Antennas and front legs testaceous. 

Thorax and elytra speckled with small rounded unequal cinereous spots ; an 
interrupted band behind the middle and tip of the elytra cinereous; be- 
neath, varied with cinereous and black. 4 mm.; New York, Michigan 

and Ohio... 9. serval. 

Unusually narrow ; elytra with two cinereous transverse bands, suddenly 
angulate near the suture. 3 mm.; Florida 10. angulata. 

2 >/ Last joint of maxillary palpi broad, securiform. 

Elytra with a large basal band, including each side a round black spot, and 
an interrupted band behind the middle cinereous; beneath varied with 
cinereous; (maxillary palpi of % much larger than in 9 and excavated 
at tip). 5.— 6.5 mm.: Mid., South. & West. States 11. oculata. 

Elytra with an oblique band running from the humerus nearly to the suture. 
a transverse spot behind the middle, and entire suture cinereous ; beneath 
varied with cinereous. 5 mm.; Kansas, Texas 12. illMlliata. 

§ § g Last joint of maxillary palpi almost an isosceles triangle. 
Body entirely black: thorax cinereous pubescent with large black spots. 

Elytra with a broad basal band, including on each side two spots, and two 
oblique undulated bands of cinereous hair. 3.-4 mm.; Middle, Southern 
and Western States 13. triloba. 

Elytra with a broad basal band, including on each side a large black spot, 
a band just behind the middle, and tip cinereous, .'! mm.: Middle 
and Southern States 14. II mill lata. 

Elytra with apex and a broad transverse band before the middle cinereous: 
antenna- and Iron! legs fuSCO-testaceoUS ; anal style unusually long. 

2.5 mm.: Texas 15. fax<i f Via. 

Head, thorax, and elytra partly yellow. 

Black; antenna-, feet, middle of pectus, and occiput yellow: thorax yellow 
with a large triangular apical spot reaching nearly to the base; elytra 
with an oblique humeral vitta connected with a band before the middle; 
another behind the middle, apex; and margin and suture behind the second 
band, yellow. 2—:: mm.; Mid. & South, states lti. <l iscoidea. 

HUNS. AMKN. ENT, soi. \. (21; JULY, 1882 



S^ J. u. SMITH. 

1. M. <iuadri-i>uiictata Say, Journ. Ac. Nat. Se. Phil, iii, 27(5. (Anaspis)- 
()ne of the rare species ; 1 believe I have seen only a single specimen, 

and from that is made the figure PI. I, fig. 36 ; fig. 37, palpus. 

2. M. boreal i* Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 46. (PI. I. fig. 39). 

This figure is that of a rather distinctly marked variety. I have none 
which agree exactly with Dr. LeConte's description, but my specimens 
show such a variation amongst themselves, that I would not dare to de- 
scribe this as new. The type form has the pubescent spots less regularly 
disposed, and has an obsolete transverse band behind the middle. 

.".. ill. mclreiia Germ. s)>. iiiiv. p. U>9. (PL I, fig. 33). 

The largest of our northern species. During the summer of 1881 
1 collected it quite plentifully in the Adirondack Mts.. X. Y., and thus 
had an opportunity to note its variations; these consist only in the size 
of the specimens, and somewhat in their proportionate stoutness; some 
of them appearing more slender, and showing a decided approach to the 
Scutellaria form. The anal style is sometimes so short as to bring the 
insect more properly into the section with the foregoing species, but 
usually it is of moderate length. The form of the thorax will suffice to 
separate it from allied species. The genus Sphalera Lee. based on this 
species has been abandoned by its author as untenable, (Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. 
Phila. xiv. p. 46). 

4. M. Scutellaria Fabr. Syst. El. ii. 123; irrorata Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. 
Phila. xiv, 46. 

An exceedingly variable species, but somewhat local in its variations. 
What may be regarded as the typical form with white scutel and strongly 
marked cinereous pubescence of the ventral segments, I have seen only 
from Texas and Louisiana, further north the irrorata form begins to 
predominate, and in New York State it is almost the only form: the 
typical Scutellaria form being rare, but the intergrades more common. 
In the Adirondack Mts. I took a very large number of specimens, and 
they varied all the way from the typical southern form to the northern 
form with dull black pubescence with some whitish hair intermixed and 
dark under side. If varieties are to be recognized, irrorata Lee. will 
have a good claim to rank as such. 

5. M. inflatiimata Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Se. Phila. 46. (PI. I. fig. 40). 

Very readily recognized by the bright pubescent spots, arranged as 
shown in the figure. It appears to be found only in Florida. At least 
1 have never heard of its being takeu elsewhere. 

0. M. OCto-pnnctata Fabr. Syst. El. ii, 123. (PI. I, fig. 41). 
The pubescent spots in this species are much more yellow than orange.. 



AMERICAN COLKOPTERA. 83 

although single specimens tend to that shade. The markings are usually 
very sharply outlined, and variation is only in size. 

7. M. luarginata Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. ii, 312; hneata Mels. id. 
p. 313. (PI. I, fig. 42). 

These two species of Melsheimer I consider identical, the difference 
between the two expressed in words is, marginata — " elytra with small 
cinereous markings, more or less confluent;" Hneata — "markings con- 
fluent into narrow lines." I have specimens collected by myself that it 
would puzzle the most ingenious to place if the two are to be regarded as 
distinct. I have found it in the Orange, Catskill and Adirondack Mts. 

8. M. I n it ii lata Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xvii, 96; obliqua Lee. Pr. Am. 
Philos. Sue. xvii, 428. (PI. II, fig. 1). 

These two species are without doubt identical ; Dr. LeConte's type of 

obliqua which I have seen has the cinereous vitta very distinctly marked, 

but of the other specimens in his collection not one ee-uals his type 

in this respect, and one of them at least might serve for just such 

a description as Dr. Helmuth gives ; the type of lunulata was probably 

a somewhat rubbed specimen. Very few specimens are known, and all 

are in Dr. LeConte's collection. 

9. M. serval Say, Bost. journ. Nat. Hist, i, 191. (PI. II, fig. 2). 

Rather rare, and no two specimens seem alike ; one, found on Long 
Island, is dark fuscous, but agrees perfectly in the markings with entirely 
black specimens; the transverse elytra] band varies somewhat, but never 
enough to raise any doubt as to the identity of the species. 

10. M. angtilata Lee. Pr. Am. Philos. Soc. xvii, 427. (PL II, fig- 3). 

I have seen the type. It is comparatively narrower than the other 
species of this genus, and has more the superficial appearance of Mor- 
dc/listnia. The markings are well shown in the figure. 

11. M. oculata Say, Bust. Journ. Nat. Hist, i, 190; joviaiis Lee. Pr. Am. 
Philos. Soc. xvii, 42s. (PI. II, fig. 4). 

This species does not seem to vary much except in the compara- 
tive distinctness of the markings. I have seen Dr. LeConte's type 
of joviaiis, and it is only a perfectly fresh and unusually distinctly 
marked specimen of oculata. I have carefully compared it with all 
the specimens under my control, and I have not a doubt as to the 
correctness of my conclusion. 

12. M. iiisulata Lee. Col. Kans. p. 16. (PI. II, fig. 5). 

A very well marked species and readily recognizable by the cinereous 
sutural line ; the species is rather uncommon, and I have been unable 
to note any peculiarities. 



84 



H. SMITH 



13. M. triloba Say, Jour. Ac. N. Se. Phil, iii, 27fi, (Anaspis). (PL II, fig. 6). 

The specimens I have examined present no particularly interesting- 
variations. Dr. LeConte, "in Proc. Am. Philos. Soc. xvii, 427, mentions 
a variety from Florida, in which the bands are narrower, and which 
varies slightly in other respects from the type form. 

14. M. uiidulata Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Se. Phila. ii. 316. (PI. II, fig. 7). 
Apparently very rare ; I have seen only a single specimen from 

Dr. LeContes collection and this seems to present nothing especially 
noteworthy. 

15. Ifl. fascifera Lee. Pr. Am. Philos. Soc. xvii, 427. (PL II, fig. 8). 
I have seen the type and from it the figure was made. 

16. M. discoidea Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Se. Phila. ii, 315. (PL II, fig. 9). 

The smallest and prettiest of our species of this genus. It is rare, 
and I have found but a single specimen^, and that on Long Island ; the 
figure is made from that specimen ; there is said to be a variety with 
only two transverse bands on the elytra, but this I have not seen. 

GL.1 l-OIM.S Lee. 

Species cuneiform ; narrow, fuscous, covered with dense sericeous 
brown pubescence. Scutel rounded, triangular ; anal style moderately 
long ; hind tibia without subapical ridge ; carinate along dorsal line and 
furnished with a long oblique ridge on outer surface, connected with 
dorsal ridge near tip ; first joint of hind tarsi with two oblique ridges ; 
eyes coarsely granulated ; antennae feebly serrate. Last joint of maxillary 
palpi scalene, triangular. 

Very unsatisfactorily separated from MordeUistena by the characters 
given in the description of the genus. There are only two species known, 
and they resemble each other very closely so far as superficial appear- 
ance is concerned. In the % of G. sericans Mels. the maxillary palpi are 
covered on the under surface with a dense brush of fine short hair; in 
the same sex there is at the base of the last joint an external articulated 
bifurcated appendage the branches of which are as long as the joint ; no 
trace of this is seen in the 9 . For tibia and tarsi see PI. II, fig. 10. 

A. — Labial palpi with last joint emarginate. 

Cuneiform, elongate, fuscous, densely clothed with sericeous brown pubescence. 

6 — 8 mm.; Middle and Southern States 1. sericans. 

B. — Labial palpi witli the last joint truncate. 

Almost linear: fuscous, densely clothed with sericeous brown pubescence. 
4.5 mm.: Georgia , 2. lielva. 

1. ii. sericans Mels. Journ. Ac Nat. Se. Phila. ii, 312, (Mordella). 

2. ii. lielva Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 4s. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. . 85 

WOKIH I.I.1S | |;\ \ Costa. 

Scutelluoi rounded, triangular ; anal style long and slender ; hind 
tibia with a subapical short transverse ridge, and from one to five 
oblique ridges on the outer face ; hind tarsi with oblique ridges ; eyes 
coarsely granulated ; antennae feebly serrate ; last joint of maxillary 
palpi triangular. 

Containing the greatest number of species, and divided into readily 
recognizable divisions according to the number of the tibial and tarsal 
ridges. Generally there is very little variation in the species and they 
appear to be remarkably local — some species being almost exclusively 
found in one vicinity and appearing nowhere else within miles, even 
though the same kinds of flowers may be equally abundant. Mountainous 
country seems to be especially favored by these insects, for while I never 
found more than half a dozen specimens in a single day on the flats 
around New York, and never more than two or three specimens of 
a species, a single days collecting in the Orange Mts. of -N. J., yielded 
hundreds of specimens, and a gratifying number of species ; a cluster 
of flowers usually containing several specimens of one species, and I can 
not recollect that I ever found two species of Mordellhtena together 
on the same cluster of flowers. Three weeks collecting in the Adiron- 
dack's yielded thousands of specimens of the group Mordellidse : among 
which were some new species, and some which were very rare ; in the 
Catskill's also the species are plentiful, and in them as well as the 
Adirondack's, Ripiphorus stylopides was common. For parts, see PI. II, 
figs. 12—14. 

There appear to be no external sexual peculiarities. The species are 
numerous on flowers and are frequently elegantly colored. 

I. — Hind tibia and first joint of hind tarsi each with a single short oblique ridge 
near tip. 
Narrow, parallel; black; elytra with two orange bands; first near base, and 
interrupted by suture; second, one-fourth from tip; head, feet, (except 
hind femora), antenme and anus testaceous; thorax sometimes black, 
sometimes rufous. 2 — 2.5 mm.; Southern States 1. bicinctella. 

II. — Hind tibia with two oblique ridges on outer face. 

A. — Ridges converging above. 

First joint of tarsi with two, second with one oblique ridge. 

Slender cuneiform; uniform brownish-yellow. Ridges of hind tibia long; 

strongly marked. 3 mm.; Pennsylvania, New York 2. arida. 

Ridges less long, and less strongly marked. 3 mm.; Pa., Ga 3. lutea. 

B. — Ridges parallel, equal. 

First joint of tarsi with two, second with one oblique ridge. 

Elytra black, with two transverse yellow bands interrupted ;it suture: 
body narrow, parallel. 

(22) 



86 J. B. SMITH. 

Body black; head rufous; thorax black, basal margin and sides dark 
yellow; feet and abdomen tinged with testaceous. 2 — 2.5 mm.; United 
States 4. I rifasciata. 

Body yellow; thorax yellow; abdomen and hind tibia and tarsi varied 
with black. 2— 3 mm.; United States 5. lepitlula. 

Above pale, large frontal spot, discoidal spot and anterior angles of thorax, 
suture and sides of elytra blackish ; feet and hind coxae pale, metasternum 
and abdomen blackish. 3 mm.; Middle States .6. limbalis. 

Yellow; above clothed with dense sericeous pubescence; apical margin of 
thorax, suture, broad median band and apex of elytra dark fuscous. 
2.5 mm.; Long Island 7. eleganl ill ns. 

Fuscous, linear; head, thorax, antennae, anus, anterior and middle feet, 
and posterior tibiae and tarsi reddish-yellow; elytra with light brown 
pubescence; suture and lateral margin narrowly piceous. 2.3 mm.; 
Illinois 8. dim idiata. 

Black; elytra with a reddish-yellow oval humeral spot; basal joints of 
antennae, palpi, tibiae, tarsi and abdomen reddish. 3 mm. ; Illinois, 
New York 9. biplagiata. 

Black; mouth, front legs and elytra piceous; pubescence of elytra dark 
brown, with light hair intermixed. 2.5 mm.; Illinois, New York. 

Hi. interim via. 

Black; pubescence gray, sericeous. 2 — 3 mm.; California 11. vilis. 

Entirely luteous. 2 — 3 mm.; New York, Pennsylvania 12. vapida. 

First and second joints of hind tarsi each with two oblique ridges. 

Narrow, parallel; body yellow, head behind antennae blackish; thorax 
with front half yellow, with a median cloud; hind half black; elytra 
black with a large elongate basal spot; margin and suture behind the 
middle, yellow. 3 mm.; Western States 13. decorella. 

Black; mouth, front, two small spots on apical margin of the thorax, 
and anterior feet reddish-yellow ; pubescence light brown sericeous. 
2—3 mm.; Illinois, New York 14. bipust ulata. 

Fulvo-piceous with fine dense sericeous pubescence, head slightly paler; tibial 

ridges more oblique than usual. 4 mm.; New York 15. atriceps. 

First joint of hind tarsi with three, second with one oblique ridge. 

Piceous, clothed with brown sericeous pubescence; elytra paler, piceo- 
testaceous. 4 mm.; New York, Georgia 16. picipennis. 

Piceous; legs pale, elytra rufous, suture and margin blackish; tibia with a 
distinct rudiment of a third ridge. 2.5 mm.; N. Y 17. pallipes. 

Head, thorax and feet red-yellow; elytra fuscous with the humeri and 
apical margin reddish-yellow; abdomen, sternum, hind coxae and femorae 

blackish. 2— 3 mm.; Illinois, New Jersey 18. fill vicollis. 

First joint of hind tarsi with three, second with two oblique ridges. 

Red-yellow, base of thorax and elytra black; the latter with a large tri- 
angular basal spot on each, suture, and margin behind middle narrowly 
yellow. 3 — 4 mm.; Middle and Southern States 19. ornata. 

Black ; head and humeral spot of elytra red-yellow ; anterior feet yellow ; 
hind feet black varied with testaceous. 2 — 3 mm. ; Middle and Northern 
States 20. militaris. 

Black; elytra with an orange-yellow humeral spot. 4 mm.; Middle and 
Western States 21. scapularis. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. ^ 

Black ; head wholly or partly reddish, thorax rufous, usually black at base, 

or with a dorsal cloud ; legs varied with testaceous. 3-4 mm. ; 

tt -i a af f»= 22. comata. 

United States 

Black, linear; pubescence brownish-gray ; hind tibia with a trace of a third 
ridcre. 2— 3 mm. ; United States 23. aspersa. 

Rufo-piceous; pubescence dense brown sericeous; elytra darker, with a 
large indistinct paler basal spot; legs and antenna more rufous. 

a i I!™ Vnrk 24. illdlSt 1 IlCta. 

3 — 4 mm.; JNew Yoik 

Pale yellowish-brown, subcuneate, hind tibia with a faint trace of a third 

ridge. 3 mm.; Georgia, New York 25. tosta. 

First joint of hind tarsi with four, second with three very oblique ridges. 
Tibia with a rudiment of a third ridge; fulvous yellow. 3 mm. ; Texas. 

26. inoruata. 

C -Ridges parallel ; anterior extending almost across the outer face of the tibia. 
First joint of hind tarsi with two, second with one oblique ridge. 

Elytra as in 4 and 5 ; head, thorax and feet, yellow ; thorax with a narrow 

dorsal cloud; trunk blackish. 2.5 mm.; Georg.a 27. arnica. 

Elytra as before; black; antennae, tibia and tarsi, yellow; pubescence 

rather long and coarse. 1.5 mm.; Georgia 28. iiiiuuta. 

Entirelv black, pubescence grayish; mouth and basal joints^ of antenna, 

piceous. 2mm.; Illinois 29. pic.Iabr.s. 

First joint of hind tarsi with three, second with two oblique ridges 

Black, covered with cinereous pubescence ; elytra with two broad bands, and 

apex black, pubescent. 2 mm.; South. California 30. in Hum. 

Elytra yellow, with base, tip, suture and a large oblong marginal spot 

black. . „ 

Head, thorax and body, black; antenna, and legs yellow. 2 mm.; 

.,.,,, . t 31. amlrese. 

Middle States 

Head, thorax and body, yellow; abdomen blackish. 2.5 mm.; Georg.a, 

~. ' „ , 32. grammica. 

New York 

Elvtra ferruginous ; suture and margin blackish. 

Black; mouth, anterior feet, hind tibia and tarsi testaceous, incisures 

black; anus piceous. 2 mm.; Georgia, New York 33. anc.lla. 

Black; head and part of thorax reddish-yellow; anterior ieet yel- 
low hind tibia and tarsi testaceous; incisures black. 2.0-3 mm. , 

',;',, 1 * 34 - varians. 

Middle States 

Ferruginous; black limb of elytra very narrow; abdomen and some- 
times hind cox. and pectus blackish. 3 mm. ; Middle and Southern 

.35. ustnlata. 

States 

Elvtra without distinct markings. 

Piceous; head, thorax and anterior legs ferruginous, humeri with an 
indefinite ferruginous spot; anus rufo-piceous. 2-3 mm.. Middle 
and Southern States 

Piceous; head, apical margin of thorax, and «^ ^"g"""" 
2 mm.; South Carolina, New York 37. impatient-. 

Fusco-ferruginous; elytra black, pubescence fine JJ^jJ^ 

ES^pi-l mm. ; Middle and Southern Btetes.^ 



OO J. 15. SMITH. 

Black : mouth piceous, elytra, with numerous spots of cinereous pubes- 
cence. 3 mm.; Illinois 40. guttulata. 

Blackish piceous ; head ferruginous ; antennae, anterior feet, middle 
tibia and tarsi, base of hind tibia and tarsi, and margin of abdomen, 
testaceous ; first joint of hind tarsi with a rudiment of a fourth ridge. 

3 mm.; Middle and Southern States 41. rilficeps. 

Ferruginous; sides of pectus and elytra darker; hind tibia with a 
rudiment of a third, first tarsal joint with a rudiment of a fourth 

ridge. 3 mm.; California 42. mibila. 

First joint of hind tarsi with four, second with two oblique ridges. 

Ridges not strongly marked ; legs unusually long and slender, piceo- 
testaceous ; densely clothed with fine silvery pubescence. 6 mm.; 

Illinois, Florida..... 43. spleiltlens. 

First joint of hind tarsi with four, second with two oblique ridges. 

Ridges more strongly marked than usual; narrow, linear ; entirely black. 
Florida 44. Floridensis. 

III. — Hind tibia xoith three short oblique parallel ridges. 

First joint of hind tarsi with three, second with two oblique ridges. 

Black, linear ; elytra with numerous rounded spots of ashy sericeous pubes- 
cence. 2 — 3 mm.; United States 45. pustulata. 

Black, linear, elytra with lines of brownish-gray pubescence confluent behind. 
3 mm.; Kentucky 40. coin icta. 

Nearly linear, ferruginous; elytra black with the suture and margin narrowly 
ferruginous; base ferruginous, broader at the humeri. 4 — 5 mm.; 
Middle States 47. fusci pennis. 

Subcuneate; beneath ferruginous; abdomen and sides of breast dusky; above 
black ; mouth, anterior narrow interrupted band of thorax, large 
triangular basal spot of each elytra, suture and margin behind the 
middle, yellow. 3.5 — 4 mm.; Lake Superior 48. pectoralis. 

Nearly linear, entirely black; pubescence brownish-gray. 3 — 4 mm.; Lake 
Superior, Minnesota, New York.. v 49. morula. 

Nearly linear; fusco-ferruginous; pubescence brown sericeous;- ridges of hind 
tibia longer and more oblique than usual. 3—4 mm. ; Middle and 

Southern States 50. aiiibusta. 

First joint of hind tarsi with three, second with two, and third with two oblique 
ridges. 

All the ridges strongly marked; ferruginous, elytra black; pubescence fine 

and dark. 5 mm.; Georgia 51. siligularis. 

First joint of hind tarsi with four, second with two oblique ridges. 

Slightly cuneate piceous ; covered with brown sericeous pubescence. 3 — 4 mm. ; 
United States 52. imicolor. 

Subcuneate ; black, pubescence brown, head and anterior half of thorax 
ferruginous ; the former sometimes with a black spot. 3 — 4 mm. ; 
Middle and Western States 53. margi iiali*. 

Ferruginous; elytra black, with a small, indistinct humeral spot ferruginous; 
abdomen blackish, anterior margin of ventral segments rufous; legs 

pale. 3 mm.; New York 54. Schauppii. 

First joint of hind tarsi with four, second with three oblique ridges. 

Narrow, linear ; entirely black. 5 mm.; North. Illinois 55. a?qualis. 



AM ERICAN COLEOPTERA. 



89 



IV.— Mind tibia with a rudiment of a fourth ridge. 

First joint of hind tarsi with three, second with two oblique ridges. 

Black, mouth and anterior feet pieeous; pubescence grayish-brown j thorax 
with three black clouds: elytra with an undulated band before the middle 
and a large oblong spot near tip, fuscous. 4 mm. ; Ills 56. scalaris. 

Blackish pieeous, more robust than usual, pubescence brownish: thorax with 
three black spots; elytra with a curved band from humerus to suture, 
a transverse band behind the middle, and another at tip. sericeous pubes- 
cent. 2-2.5 mm.; United States 57. pubesceiis. 

Black, slender ; sides of thorax and legs piceo-testaceous ; elytra with a very 
narrow limb and two oblique bands, prolonged backward near the suture. 
connected by a line near the margin, and apex paler sericeous. 3—5 mm. ; 

„ , 58. biliamata. 

Pennsylvania 

Fusco-luteous, slender ; thorax with three badly defined basal clouds ; elytra 
with a narrow limb and two very oblique bands yellowish sericeous. 
2-3 mm. ; Middle and Southern States 59- Hturata. 

V.— Hind tibia with four short oblique parallel ridges. 

First joint of hind tarsi with three, second with two oblique ridges. 

Fusco-testaceous; subcuneate; pubescence fulvous sericeous. 4-5 mm.: New 

„ r . „ i„„„j„ 60. fuscata. 

York. Pennsylvania 

First joint of hind tarsi with three, second and third each with two oblique ridges. 

Ferruginous; elytra black with the humeri indistinctly ferruginous; suture and 

margin narrowly pale sericeous. 5-6 mm. ; Pa., Tex 61. pityptera. 

First joint of hind tarsi with four, second with two oblique ridges. 

Rufo-piceous ; mouth, antenna., legs and elytra paler ; pubescence fine ser.ee- 

a -Nutria 62. ruiescens. 

oils. 6 mm. ; Nevada 

First tarsal joint with a rudiment of a fifth ridge; all small and mdistmct; 

blackish pieeous; elytra with the humeri indistinctly ferruginous; an 

oblique band at base, an interrupted one behind middle and the suture. 

cinereous pubescent. 5 mm.; New York 63. ci.iereo-tasciata. 

Tibia and first tarsal joint with a rudiment of a fifth ridge; all indistinct; sub- 

cuneate; entirely black, pubescence gray. 4-5 mm.; Col. ..64. oMliiop*. 
First joint of hind tarsi with four and a rudimentary fifth, second with three 

oblique ridges. „,.,*'■ 

Black, with sericeous pubescence; head, thorax and front legs ferruginous. 

' „ 65. Texana. 

5mm.; Texas . 

First joint of hind tarsi with/our. second and third each with three oblique r.dges. 
Very slender, dark fuscous ; base of antennae, anterior and middle teet pieeous : 

pubescence brown sericeous. 3.5 mm 66. luBCO-atra. 

First joint of hind tarsi with>e, second with three oblique ridges. _ 

Black; pubescence of head and thorax with the suture and margin narrowly 

gray. 4.3 mm.; Illinois «. *«*«*«"»■ 

First joint of hind tarsi with Jive, second with three, third with too oblique ridges. 

Black; pubescence of head and thorax brownish, of elytra black. With the 

suture narrowly gray ; abdomen rufous varied with black. 5 nun. ; Ill.no.s. 

" 68. ruliveutris. 

First joint of hind tarsi with five, « nd with ./ ■, and third with three small 

oblique ridges. . . 

Very slender ; entirely black ; pubescence fine and dark. 5.8 mm. i Georgia. 
- 69. augusta. 

july, 1882. 



TI1ANS. AMKIt. EST. S0C. 



(23) 



90 J. B. SMITH. 

VI. — Hind tibia with Jive or six very small oblique ridges. 

Black ; head and sometimes base of thorax ferruginous ; elytra with a fer- 
ruginous stripe from humerus nearly to the apex. 4 — 5 mm. ; Pennsylvania, 

New York 70. al tenuata. 

Black ; pubescence sericeous brown ; elytra blackish with a long basal spot, 
an undulated band behind the middle, suture and tip paler sericeous. 

3.5 — 4 mm. : Middle and Southern States 71. discolor. 

Black ; pubescence grayish sericeous, slightly mottled. 4 mm. ; Kansas. 

72. reniula. 

1. Jfl. bicinctella Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 48. (PI. II, figs. 15, 16). 
Rare ; not found so far as I know except in Dr. LeConte's collection 

and the figure is made from his type. 

2. M. arida Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 48. (PI. II, fig. 17). 

Found occasionally in New York ; I believe it will be eventually found 
to be identical with the following, but it needs a larger series than I have 
been able to get to prove this. 

3. M. ltltea Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. ii, 315, (Mordella). 

Quite as rare as the preceding, and I have seen only a single specimen. 

4. M. trifasciata Say, Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. v, 243, (Mordella) ,■ nigri- 
eollis Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xvi, 105. (PI. II, fig. 19). 

This latter is evidently a variety only, as Dr. Helmuth himself suggests. 
I have found specimens of this species with the thoracic band of yellow 
very narrow, but none in which it was entirely absent ; larger collections 
from the western states will, I have no doubt, demonstrate the correctness 
of this reference. 

5. M. lepidiila Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 48. (PI. II. fig. 19). 

Very closely allied to the preceding in size, form and general appear- 
ance ; but readily recognized by the yellow body. The insect appears 
rare in the vicinity of New York, and I have but very few specimens. 

6. M. limbalis Mels. Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Phil. ii. 315, (Mordella). (PI. II, fig. 20). 
Also closely allied to the foregoing species so far as form is concerned, 

but the markings are entirely different. This like lepidula is rather 
rare in New York and vicinity, and the specimens are only found singly. 
<I have not noticed any variations. 

7. M. elegantulus 8p. nov. (PI. II, fig. 21). 

Differs from the other species in this section by the pale color and 
brown markings. One specimen only, from Long Island ; my collection. 

8. M. dimiriiata Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xvi, 105. 

This species I have not succeeded in identifying with the material at 
my command. It appears sufficiently distinct, from the description, and 
seems to form the connecting link between the variegated species of this 
section and the following more modestly colored ones. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 91 

9. JI. biplagiata Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. So. Phila. xvi. 105. (PI. II, fig. 22). 

A variable species both as regards size and markings ; a specimen from 
northern Illinois, found among Dr. LeConte's undetermined material, 
agrees in all respects with Helmuth's description, and from this the 
figure was made. A specimen collected in the Catskills while agreeing 
perfectly in the markings is only 1.7 mm. in length; another collected 
in the Adirondack's is nearly 4 mm. in length and the humeral spot is 
unusually large and diffuse. The coloration in other respects is a little 
different, but not enough to authorize a sp. nov. Readily distinguished 
from the other species in this section by the humeral spot of the elytra. 

10. Iff. inter mixta Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xvii, 96. 

Readily recognized by the contrast in color between the thorax and 
elytra, the latter of which is sometimes more rufous. Specimens from 
California and New York, (Adirondack Mts.), agree in every respect with 
each other and with the description. I have found it rather rare. 

11. M. vilis Lee. Pr. Ac. 1856, p. 76, {Mordella). 

I have seen but very few specimens ; differs from all other species in 
this section by its uniform black color. 

12. M. vapida Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila, xiv, 49. 

Does not seem to vary much. I have found it occasionally in the 
vicinity of New York. 

13. M. decorella Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 49. (PI. II, fig. 24). 
Distinguished from the others in this section by the variegated elytra. 

I have seen only a single specimen (Dr. LeConte's type), so do not know 
much of it. The combination of tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar to this 
and the two following species is shown PI. II, fig. 23. 

14. M. bipustulata Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xvi, 105. 

I have what I consider a specimen of this species with the thorax 
entirely black, collected in New York ; readily distinguished from the 
other species of this group by its dark color. 

15. ML atriceps sp. nov. 

Distinguished from the preceding by the paler color, larger size, 
heavier form, and the longer and unusually oblique tibial ridges. One 
specimen only ; my collection. 

16. M. picipeiiiiis sp. nov. 

The combination of tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar to this and the 
two following species is shown PI. II, fig. 25. Distinguished from the 
others in this group by not having the elytra variegated. Three speci- 
mens, New York ; two, my collection ; Georgia, one, Coll. Dr. Horn. 



1(2 J. IJ. SMITH. 

17. M. pallipes sp. nov. (PI. II, fig. 26). 

All the legs pale testaceous — an unusual character in the genus — 
this point and the darker margins of elytra render the species readily 
recognizable. The rudiment of the third ridge is very short, having 
but two or three spinules but the pale color of the legs renders it 
easily noted, as the spinules are black. One specimen, Ithaca, N. Y. ; 
my collection. 

18. M. fulvicollis Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. ii, 315, (Mordella). (PI. II, 
fig. 27). 

Easily known from the others in this group by the humeral spot on 
elytra and the pale thorax. It appeal's to be rare and I have seen only 
a single specimen. 

19. M. ornata Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Se. Phila. ii, 315, {Mordella). (PI. II, 
fig. 30). 

The combination of tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar to this and 
the seven following species is shown PI. II, fig. 29. I have seen but 
a single specimen of this insect, and consecpiently have no remarks to- 
offer concerning it. 

20. M. militaris Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 49. (PI. II, fig. 28). 

This will probably turn out to be only a variety of the following 
when more of the specimens from other parts of the country have been 
procured. I have seen only very few specimens and they agree pretty 
closely with the description ; a variety however is found with the thorax 
mi ire or less rufous, never having the color distinctly marked, but still 
differing noticably from the type form. 

21. M. scapularis Say. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. iii, 277, (Mordella). (PI. II, 
fig. 31). 

More common than the preceding but by no means plentiful at any 
time. It is entirely black except the orange humeral spot which leads 
to its recognition at once. 

22. M. COUiata Lee. Pr. Ac. 1858, p. 75, (Mordella) ; picicomis Lee. Pr. Ac. 
Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 49 ; cervicalis Lee. id. ; auricoma Hel. id. xvii, 96. 

From the material I have on hand I consider these four forms 
identical ; picicomis and cervicalis certainly are, for I have series lead- 
in" from one form into the other ; comata differs in the entirely red 
head and the paler pubescence ; but the color of the pubescence in 
this genus is not a safe guide, nor is the extent of the red color on 
the head; auricoma does not differ in any marked respect from either 
of the forms. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 93 

2::. M. ;is|mis;i Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. go. Phi la. ii, 314, [Mordella) ; rubrilabris 
Hel. id. xvi, 106. 

The most common of our species and the one therefore upon which 
observations can best be made ; its variations are considerable and it is 
rather surmising that not more species have been made out of it. The 
legs vary from pale testaceous to dull black, the pubescence from dull 
brownish-black to bright cinereous, and the head from deep black to dull 
red ; the latter is rubrilabris of Hel. The eastern species are usually 
dull black, the pubescence becoming brighter as they come from further 
west, until California sends the palest specimens. In like manner the 
color of the head changes gradually from black in the east to dull red 
in the Pacific States. From New York I have seen no specimens with 
the head entirely red, although many have it partially so, but a fair pro- 
portion of California specimens have the head entirely rufous. 

24. M. imlistincta sp. nov. (PI. II, fig. 32). 

Easily known by the pale color and the indistinct basal spot on elytra ; 
it seems to connect the black species with the following. Seventeen 
specimens, Adirondack Mts., N. Y. ; my collection. 

25. M. tosla Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 49. 

Not uncommon in N. Y., and presenting no noteworthy variations. 

26. M. iiioruata sp. nov. 

Like the preceding in color, but distinct by the combination of 
tibial and tarsal ridges, PI. II, fig. 33. One specimen, Texas ; Coll. 
Dr. LeConte. 

27. M. arnica Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 49. (PI. II, fig. 19). 
■Combination of tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar to this and the two 

following species, PI. II, fig. 34. Superficial examination would lead 
one to pronounce this and the following identical with the species at the 
head of the genus, but the ridges separate them sharply. 

28. M. in in ii I ;i sp. nov. (PI. II, fig. 35). 

One of the smallest, if not the smallest of our species ; very distinctly 
separated from the foregoing by the coloration of head and thorax. 
One specimen, Georgia ; Coll. Dr. Horn. 

29. M. picilabris Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xvi, 106. 

Unknown to me in nature but apparently very distinct from the others 
in this group. 

30. M. infima Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Se. Phila. xiv, 49. (PL II, fig. 37). 

For combination of tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar to this and the 
twelve following species, see PI. II, fig. 36. Distinct from all the others 
in this group by the cinereous bands on elytra. 

(24) 



94 J. B. SMITH. 

31. M. andrete Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50. (PI. II, fig. 38). 

This and the four following species form a very compact group, differing 
only in minor points of coloration. I am certain that there are two species 
more than there is any necessity for, described ; but I have not unfortu- : 
nately, a series large enough to prove it. None of the species are common, 
and I have not seen any large numbers of them in any collection. 

32. M. gram in ica Lee. Pr. Ae. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50. (PI. II, fig. 39). 
Differs from the foregoing in color of body, and probably sufficiently 

distinct from it. 

33. M. aucilla Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50. (PI. Ill, fig. 1). 

This species I believe will ultimately prove a variety of andrex. 
The only difference between the two is that ancilla is ferruginous, 
where the other species is yellow. 

34. M. varians Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50. (PI. Ill, fig. 2). 

This I believe is a good species ; it seems to present no variation, and 
is not uncommon in the Orange Mts. 

35. M. ustulata Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50. (PI. Ill, fig. 3). 

This will I believe prove only a variety of grammka , the difference 
as shown in the figures is exceedingly slim, and that shown in the 
synopsis is not much greater. 

36. Itt. semiusta Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50. (PI. Ill, fig. 4). 

This seems distinct from all those in the preceding group. I have 
seen but few specimens and have noted no variation. 

37. M. impatiens Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50, 

Rather rare in my experience, and in the few specimens I have 
examined no great variations have been discovered. 

38. M. ferrnginoides sp. nov. 

Distinct from any of the others of this group by the contrasted elytra 
and body. One specimen only, Georgia ; Coll. Dr. Horn. 

39. M. nigricans Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. ii, 313, {Mordella) ; nigerrima 
Hel. id. xvii, 96. 

The species varies somewhat in size and in the depth of the black 
color, but not otherwise ; exactly how Dr. Helmuth pretended to sepa- 
rate his species from nigricans I am at a loss to imagine, his description 
applies in all respects to this species. 

40. M. guttulata Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xvi, 105, (from the description 
only). (PI.'III, fig. 7). 

I have not seen this insect in nature ; it seems to take the place in 
this group that pustulata does in another, and may be a specimen of 
that species incorrectly referred. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. !):") 

41. M. ru Keeps Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50. 

An indistinctly marked species which varies somewhat in size and 
somewhat in color, being sometimes more rufous. It is not common, 
but I find some specimens each season around New York. 

42. M. nubila Lee. Pr. Ae. 1858, p. 76. 

Of this I have seen only a single specimen ; it is close to ferruginoides, 
but is darker than that species, and has in addition the rudimentary ridges 
on tibia and tarsi of which there exists not a trace in ferruginoides. 

43. if I. splemleus sp. nov. 

PI. Ill, fig. 5, shows the combination of tarsal ridges peculiar to this 
species. It is unique in this respect, and unique in the beautiful silvery 
pubescence with which it is clothed ; it is very slender, and has the legs 
unusually long and thin. On the specimen from Florida I observe 
a rudiment of a third short ridge. Two specimens only, Illinois and 
Florida ; Coll. of Dr. LeConte and myself. 

44. M. Ploridensis sp. nov. 

Closely related to the preceding, but distinct from it by the number 
of ridges on the second tarsal joint, the deeper color, the dark pubes- 
cence, stouter build and much shorter and stouter anal style ; the ridges 
also are strongly marked and very distinct. 

45. UI. pustulata Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. ii, 314, (Mordella). (PI. Ill, 
fig. 7). 

Combination of tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar to this and the five 
following species, PI. Ill, fig. 6. Distinguishable at sight from its allies 
by the silvery pubescent spots with which it is adorned. Dr. LeConte 
remarks that on one specimen he observed a rudiment of a fourth 
ridge. I have been unable to find anything of the kind on the 
species which I have examined, so that his specimen is probably aber- 
rant in this respect. 

46. M. COHVicta Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 50. (PI. Ill, fig. 8). 

I have seen Dr. LeConte's type and drawn my figure from it. The 
species seems closely related to the preceding but is rather heavier, and 
differs in the markings. 

47. M. fuscipeuilis Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phil, ii, 314, (Mordella). (PI. Ill, 
fig. 9). 

Found occasionally around N. Y., and presenting no notable variations. 

48. M. pectoralis Lee. Agassiz L. Sup. p. 231, (Mordella). (PI. Ill, fig. 10). 
I have seen one specimen only, and that the type. It is almost 

identical in all respects with ornata except that it has three instead 
of two tibial ridges. 



96 J. B. SMITH. 

49. HI. morula Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Se. Phila. xiv, 50. 

Unicolored, and therefore readily recognized, after the tibia has been 
examined ; one specimen I found which could be placed with almost 
equal propriety in this species or in aspersa, for the third ridge was' 
rather more than a rudiment, and yet did not reach the distinctness of the 
others. Quaere : whether morula and aspersa do not intergrade. 

50. M. ambusta Lee. Pr. Ae. Nat. Se. Phila. xiv, 50. 

Also unicolored and as readily recognized as the preceding ; I have 
found it sparingly near New York, but have noted no peculiarities. 

51. HI. singularis sp. nov. (PI. III. fig. 11). 

The figure shows the combination of tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar 
to this species only. Well marked by the uniform ferruginous color and 
the deep black elytra. One specimen only, Georgia; Coll. Dr. Horn. 

52. HI. nnicolor Lee. Pr. Ae. Nat, Se. Phila. xiv, 50. (PI. Ill, fig. 12). 

The figure shows the tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar to this and the 
two following species. Distinct from all others in this group by its 
uniform color, which latter varies somewhat in depth, sometimes having 
a strong dash of red. It is not uncommon, but I have not succeeded in 
getting a good series, showing varieties. 

53. HI. margiuulis Say, Journ. Ae. Nat. Se. Phila. iii, 278, (Mordclla) ; 
divisa Lee. Col. of Kan. & N. Mex. 1 7. 

This species shows , little variation ; superficially it is readily confused 

with several others but the tibial and tarsal ridges sufficiently distinguish 

it ; divisa Lee. I consider only a western variation, like that of aspersa. 

I have found both forms in the Orange Mts. of New Jersey. 

54. HI. Schauppii sp. nov. (PL III. fig. 13). 

Dedicated to my good friend Prof. F. G-. Schaupp, from whom I re- 
ceived the first aid in my gropings for light in the beetle business, to 
whose kindness I owe many of my best insects, to whose good nature I 
owe a better knowledge of the literature of the coleopterological section 
of entomology than I could have obtained by years of unasisted study, 
and to whose liberality I owe a large part of my western and southern 
species of Mordellidae, his whole collection having been placed at my 
disposal. I hope this may always be considered a valid species, and that 
it may continue as rare as the combination of good qualities which render 
the Professor a good companion, a sympathizing friend and a sago director 
in the paths of coleopterological lore. One specimen, N. Y. ; my coll. 

55. HI. aequalis sp. nov. (PI. Ill, fig. 14). 

Peculiar by the combination of ridges on tibia and tarsi ; resembles 
several other species in the uniform black color. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 97 

56. M. scalaris Hel. Pr. A.-. Nat. So. Phila. xvi, 105. (PI. III. fig. If!). 
The figure (PI. Ill, tig. 15), shows the ridges of tibia and tarsi 

peculiar to this and the three following species ; the present species is 
unknown to me ; hut seems to be sufficiently distinct from the other 
species of this group by the lack of pubescent hands on the elytra. 
The figure was made up from the description, and its accuracy is there- 
fore not vouched for. 

57. M. pubescens Fabr. Syst. El. ii, 123; hebraica Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. 
Phila. xiv, 51 ; leporina Lee. id. (PI. Ill, fig. 17). 

A somewhat variable species and I believe I have series sufficient 
to demonstrate the identity of the above referred species. I have seen 
in the specimens examined variations all the way from the dark typical 
pubescens form to the bright leporina form, while the hebraica form 
according to Dr. LeConte's description varies in the color of the thorax to 
a uniform black. There is a difference in the arrangement of the pubes- 
cent bands, but I have seen all the forms in the specimens which were 
undoubtedly pubescens. It is rather common in the vicinity of N. Y. 

58. M. bihamata Mels. Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Ph. ii, 313, {Mordella). (PI. Ill, fig. 1 8). 
Distinct from the preceding by the more slender form, the somewhat 

differently shaped bands and the reddish margin of thorax. I have 
seen but one specimen, and cannot therefore judge well of the exact 
relationship it bears to pubescens. 

59. M. lit ii rata Mels. Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Ph. ii, 314, (Mordella). (PI. Ill, fig. 19). 
Distinct from the others in this section by the pale color. It is 

rare, and I myself have never found the insect. I have seen but 
a few specimens of the species, and did not find any great variation 
amongst them. 

60. M. fuscata Mels. Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Ph. ii, 313, (Mordella). (PI. Ill, rig. 20). 
The figure shows the ridges of tibia and tarsi. The color is uniform 

and an examination of the ridges is necessary to properly place it. It is 
not uncommon around New r York. 

61. M. pityptera Lee. Pr. Ac. flat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 51. (PI. Ill, fig. 22). 
The combination of ridges of tibia and tarsi is shown on PI. Ill, 

fig. 21. The only specimens I have seen are from Texas, and they vary 
both in size and in color ; some are nearly entirely rufous, hut in full 
colored specimens the rufous humeral spot is always very distinct. 

62. M. ruf'escens sp. nov. (PI. Ill, fig. 23). 

The figure shows the tibial and tarsal ridges peculiar to this and the 
two following species. The color is uniform and affords no indication to 
the species. One specimen only. Nevada ; Coll. Dr. Horn. 

TliANS. AMER. ENT. SOC. X. (25) . III. V, 1882. 



98 J. B. SMITH. 

63. HI. cinerco-fasciata sp. nov. (Pi. Ill, figs. 24, 25 1. 

Readily recognized by the unusually heavy form, which recalls Mordella, 
and the combination of cinereous bands and humeral pale spot. One 
specimen only, Ithaca, N. Y. •; my collection. 

64. HI. ;vi h iops sp. nov. 

Unicolored. Of the seven specimens that I have seen, not one varied 
in any way from the description given in the synopsis. Colorado; Coll. 
Dr. Horn and myself. 

65. HI. Tcxana sp. nov. (PL III, fig. 64, tibia and tarsi). 

Another of those species having the thorax red and elytra and body 
black, and therefore distinguishable only by the ridges of tibia and tarsi. 
Two specimens, Texas ; Coll. Dr. Horn and myself 

66. HI. fusco-atra Hel. Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Ph. xvi, 105. (PI. Ill, fig. 28, tarsi only). 
Unknown to me, but evidently very distinct by the ridges of posterior 

tibia and tarsi. 

67. M. vii | ,ii < I hi Hel. Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Ph. xvi, 105. (PI. Ill, fig. 27, tarsi only). 
Also unknown to me. 

68. HI. rufiventris Hel. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xvi, 105. 
Also unknown to me. 

69. HI. angusta Lee. Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Ph. xvi, 105. (PL III, fig. 29, tarsi only). 
Known to me only in very few specimens, and presenting nothing- 
notable in those I have seen. 

70. HI. at ten uata Say, Journ. Ac. N. Sc. Phil, v, 243, (Mordel/a) ; vittigera 
Lee. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. xiv, 51. (PL III, fig. 30). 

I have seen only a single specimen from Dr. LeConte's collection of 

the nttenuata form, but I have seen a number of the vittigera form, and 

from its variations I conclude that the two are identical. I believe that 

vittigera is the species, and attenuata the variety, if varieties are to be 

named. According to the laws of priority of course Say's name stands 

for the species. 

71. HI. discolor Mels. Pr. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phila. ii, 313. (PL III, fig. 31). 
Tibia and tarsi of this, and the preceding and following species 

shown at PI. Ill, fig. 32. The insect is rare, and I have seen but 
very few specimens. 

72. HI. wmula Lee. Col. Kan. & N. Mex. 16. (Smith's Contr.). 

I have seen only a single specimen and know nothing of it. 

Species as yet unidentified. 
Mordella nigripennis Fabr. Syst. El. p. 123. — M. ano acukalo, ferruginea ,■ 
elytris nigris : Ent. Syst. Suppl. 127,3; statura proecaedentum , (pubescens), corpus 
iotum ferrugineum, elytris folis nigris. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 99 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE I. 



1. Diclidia Icetula Lee, antenna. 

2. " " Lee, maxillary palpus. 

3. " " Lee, anterior tarsus. 

4. " " Lee, posterior tibia and tarsus. 

5. " " Lee, elytra. 

6. Pentaria, antenna. 

7. " labial palpus. 

8. " maxillary palpus. 

9. " anterior tarsus. 

10. " trifasciata Mels. 

11 . " nubila Lee 

12. " fuscula Lee, showing the transverse striation. 

13. " hirsuta sp. nov. 

14. Anaspis, antenna. 

15. " labial palpus. 

16. " maxillary palpus. 

1 7. " posterior tibia and tarsus. 

18. " anterior tarsus. 

19. " pusio Lee, (thorax only). 

20. " atra Lee, (thorax only). 

21. " humeTulis sp. nov. 

22. Tomoxia, antenna. 

23. " maxillary palpus, (bidentata, see fig. 31). 

24. " posterior tibia and tarsus. 

25. " anterior tarsus. 

26. " claw of anterior tarsus. 

27. " bidentata Say. 

28. " lineella Lee 

29. " inclusa Lee 

30. " hilar-is Say. 

31. " lineella, maxillary palpus. 

32. " hilaris, maxillary palpus. 

33. Mordella melcena Germ., showing the general appearance of the species in this 

and the following genera. 

34. " mouth parts of Scutellaria Fab. 

35. " antenna. 

36. " 4-punctata Say. 

37. " " Say, maxillary palpus. 

38. " marginala, palpus. 

39. " borealis Lee (var.). 

40. "' inflammata Lee. 

41. " ^-punctata Fabr. 

42. " marginata Mels. 



100 



J. B. SMITH. 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE II. 



1. 


Mordella obliqua Lee. 


20. 


Mordellistena limbalis Mels. 


2. 


" serval Say. 


21. 


elegantulus sp. nov 


3. 


" angulata .Lee. 


22. 


biplagiata Hel. 


4. 


" oculata Say. 


23. 


tibia of sp. 13-15. 


5. 


" insulata Lee. 


24. 


" decorella Lee. 


6. 


" triloba Say. 


25. 


" tibia of sp. 16-18. 


7. 


" undulata Mels. 


26. 


" ■pallipes sp. nov. 


8. 


" fascifera Lee. 


27. 


" fulvicollis Mels. 


9. 


" discoidea Mels. 


28. 


militaris Lee. 


10. 


Glipodes tibia and tarsus (posterior). 


29. 


" tibia of sp. 19-25. 


11. 


Mordellistena, antenna. 


30. 


" ornata Mels. 


12. 


" max. palpus. 


31. 


" scapu/aris Say. 


13. 


" anterior tarsus. 


32. 


" indistincta sp. nov. 


14. 


claw of tarsi. 


33. 


" tibia of sp. 26. 


15. 


" tibia of sp. 1. 


34. 


" tibia of sp. 27-29. 


Hi. 


" bicinc/ella Lee. 


35. 


" minuta sp. nov. 


17. 


" tibia of sp. 2 & 3. 


36. 


tibia of sp. 30-42. 


18. 


" tibia of sp. 4-12. 


37. 


" infima Lee. 


19. 


" trifasciata, lepidula 


38. 


" andreoz Lee. 




and arnica. 


39. 


" grammica Lee. 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE III. 



1 . Mordellistena ancil/a Lee. 


1 7. Mordellistena pubescens Fabr. 


2. ' 


' varians Lee. 


18. 


' bihamata Mels. 


3. 


' ustulata Lee. 


19. 


' liturata Mels. 


4. < 


' semiusta Lee. 


20. 


' tibia of sp. 59. 


5. ' 


' tibia of sp. 43. 


21. 


' tarsi of sp. 60. 


6. ' 


' tibia of sp. 44-49. 


22. 


' pityptera Lee. 


7. 


' pustulata Mels. 


23. 


' tarsi of sp. 61. 


8. ' 


' convicta Lee. 


24. 


tarsi of sp. 62 & 63. 


9. 


' fuscipennis Mels. 


25. 


cinerco-fasciata sp. nv 


10. ' 


' pectoralis Lee. 


26. 


' tibia of sp. 64. 


11. ' 


' tibia of sp. 50. 


27. 


' tarsi of sp. 66. 


12. 


' tibia of sp. 51-53. 


28. 


tarsi of sp. 65. 


13. ' 


' Schauppii sp. nov. 


29. 


' tarsi of sp. 68. 


14. < 


' tarsi of sp. 54. 


30. 


attenuata Say. 


15. ' 


' tibia of sp. 55-58. 


31. 


' discolor Mels. 


16. 


scalaris Hel. 


32. 


' tibia and tarsi of 69-71 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 101 



Revision or the species of some genera of BUPRES1 I DJE. 

BY GEORGE H. HORN, M. D. 

The genera here reviewed belong to the group Anthaxise of the tribe 
Buprestini as defined in our fauna, they are three in number and may 
be separated in the following manner : 

Mentum coriaceous in front; prothorax sinuate at base Melanophila. 

Mentum entirely corneous. 

Prothorax truncate at base; front not margined at sides; antennae serrate in 

both sexes A utliaxia. 

Prothorax sinuate at base; front slightly margined over the insertion of the 

antennse which are flabellate % , serrate 9 Xenorliipis. 

The first two genera are represented on both sides of the continent. 
Xenorhiph occurs in the Atlantic region and is extremely rare. Of its 
habits nothing is known. 

nEL4BJOPHILA Esch. 

The species of this genus are not numerous in our fauna, but in times 
past their number was exaggerated by too great a regard for the variations 
of the elytral markings. 

In our series we have three types indicated by external form and 
general aspect — first, the Chrysobothris type represented by Drummondi 
which seems to occur in the entire subarctic region of the northern 
hemisphere; second, the Anthaxia type represented by the first five 
species of the annexed table one of which from its wide distribution 
in our fauna is probably distributed in the same manner as Drum- 
mondi, as it is possible that appendiculata. is not a distinct species ; 
finally, a group of five species which does not resemble any other 
genus in our fauna. 

The elytral markings of all the species seem to me to be deriva- 
tives of a type of which miranda is the most perfect exemplification. 
By a study of the sketches in the annexed plate one can realize how 
the very perfect markings of miranda become reduced to the macu- 
late form by a gradual extension of the black, or contraction of the 
yellow markings. 

In two species, longipes and atropurpurea, I have never observed 
any specimens with elytral spots. The same is also true of gentilis, 
seneola, intrusa and obtusa. Two species, fulvoguttata and Drum- 
mondi, vary from three or four spots on each elytron to none at all. 
In all the specimens of miranda that I have seen there is practically 
no variation. 

(26) 



102 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

The following table gives in brief the striking characters of our species : 

Elytra acute, sometimes acuminate at tip; first joint of posterior tarsi equalling 

the next three in length 2. 

Elytra obtuse at tip or rounded; first joint of posterior tarsi not longer than the 

next two 4. 

2. — Head and thorax with smooth facets 1. miranda Lee. 

Head and thorax equally jjunctured without facets ?>. 

3. — Front sparsely punctured 2. nolata Lap. 

Front equally densely punctured. 

Sides of thorax regularly arcuate, the disc widest at middle. 

5. al i*o purpurea Say. 
Sides of thorax oblique posteriorly, the disc widest in front of middle. 

4. longipes Say. 

4. — Thorax punctulate over its entire surface; elytra not costulate 5. 

Thorax transversely strigose at middle; elytra finely costulate. 

6. Drummondi Kby. 
5. — Form depressed as in notata ; thorax also similarly sculptured. 

3. con sputa Lee. 
Form convex ; thorax coarsely punctured. 

Margin of thorax entire or nearly so '. 8. gentilis Lee. 

Margin of thorax obliterated in front. 
Tip of presternum suddenly constricted. 

Hind angles of thorax obtuse not flattened; clypeus not emarginate; 

elytra not pubescent 7. fulvoguttata Harr. 

Hind angles of thorax acute, flattened above and with a slight smooth 
space; clypeus narrowly semicircularly emarginate; elytra pubes- 
cent 9. intrusa n. sp. 

Tip of presternum of triangular form. 

Sides of thorax feebly arcuate, the disc and sides equally punctured. 

10. reneola Mels. 

Sides of thorax distinctly arcuate, the disc posteriorly, also the sutural 

region of the elytra less densely punctured 11. obtlisa n. sp. 

M. miranda Lee. — Head coarsely punctured, with five smooth callosities 
arranged in a regular pentagon. Thorax with sides regularly arcuate, lateral 
margin acute posteriorly, disc coarsely punctured with seven smooth spaces, three 
on each side oval, one in the median line posteriorly : beneath coarsely punctured, 
a smooth space along the lateral margin, presternum at middle very sparsely 
punctate, the tip rather suddenly narrowed. Elytra not very densely punctured, 
the punctures comparatively' fine, the surface with very regular markings as shown 
in the figure, the margin posteriorly' finely serrulate, the tip acuminate. Body 
beneath coarsely punctured. First joint of posterior tarsi as long as the next three. 
Length .54— .64 inch; 13.5—16 mm. (PI. IV, fig. 1). 

In both sexes the last ventral segment is truncate, the angles acute 
and prominent. 

The elytral markings of this species are the most complete and perfect 
of any in the genus, it is the full development of which the markings of 
the other species are the derivatives in a more or less imperfect manner. 
In notata and consputa there is a very plain attempt at a reproduction 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 103 

of similar markings, while in fulvoguttata and Drummondi the lines are 
replaced by spots. 

This species occurs from Oregon to Texas in the mountain regions. 

M. notala Lap. et Gory. — Head sparsely punctured, shining. Thorax with 
sides regularly arcuate, sometimes slightly oblique posteriorly, broadest a little in 
front of middle, surface subopaque, sparsely punctured at middle, at sides finely 
reticulate, median line finely impressed and slightly foveate posteriorly, lateral 
margin distinct posteriorly; thorax beneath coarsely punctured at the sides, more 
finely at middle, presternum suddenly constricted at tip. Elytra depressed, 
granulate punctate, lateral margin finely serrulate posteriorly, the tip acute, color 
black with yellow markings as shown in the figure, sometimes entirely wanting. 
Body beneath coarsely punctate, more or less reticulate at the sides. Posterior 
tarsus as in miranda. Length .3fi — .48 inch; 9 — 12 mm. (PI. IV, figs. 3, 6). 

The last ventral segment is truncate, the angles acute but' notprominent. 

This species by its smoother front is easily known from either of the 
next two species, and from computet, by the more acute elytra and the 
form of the posterior tarsus. 

Occurs in Georgia and Florida. 

M. ronsjuila Lee. — Head rather shining, coarsely and moderately densely 
punctate. Thorax with sides regularly arcuate, widest at middle, surface sub- 
opaque moderately densely reticulately punctate, lateral margin obsolete in front, 
acute posteriorly, sides of thorax beneath densely reticulately punctured, pro- 
sternum in front densely and finely punctured, at it^ sides very sparsely, tip sud- 
denly narrowed. Elytra granulate punctate, depressed, color black with variable 
markings, lateral margin obsoletely serrulate posteriorly, tips very obtuse. Body 
beneath coarsely but not densely punctured. Posterior tarsi with the first joint 
equal to the next two. Length .36--.4S inch ; 9—12 mm. (PI. IV, figs. 2, 4). 

The last ventral segment is as in notata. 

The elytral markings are variable, their range will be shown in the 
accompanying figures. In its general appearance this species resembles 
notata, the differences have already been mentioned. It seems to occupy 
an exactly intermediate place between the preceding and following species, 
resembling the former in general appearance and color and the latter in 
the elytral and tarsal structure. 

Occurs in California and Arizona. 

M. longipes Say. — Black, feebly shining, rarely with faint metallic lustre. 
Head densely punctured. Thorax widest in front of middle, the sides in front 
arcuate, posteriorly nearly straight and slightly convergent, marginal line distinct 
posteriorly but inferior, disc with a vague oblique impression each side posteriorly, 
the surface coarsely punctured along the margin, finely reticulate within this, 
obsoletely punctured at middle, the median line distinct, hind angles rectangular. 
Elytra moderately finely granulate punctate, the surface irregular, lateral margin 
finely serrulate posteriorly, the apices acute but not acuminate. Thorax beneath 
reticulate at the sides, presternum coarsely reticulate between the coxse, anteriorly 
sparsely punctate, the tip suddenly constricted. Body beneath reticulate. Abdomen 



104 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

sparsely punctate, reticulate at the sides. Legs slender, moderately lung. Posterior 
tarsi as in miranda. Length .28 — .52 inch; 7 — 13 mm. 

Last ventral segment broadly eniarginate, the angles acute but not 
prominent. 

This species could only be mistaken for the next, in which however the 
sides of the thorax are different and the elytra more acuminate at tip. 

Occurs from Maine to Alaska. 

As this species has such-a wide distribution in our country and in the 
northern regions, may it not be really identical with appendiculata which 
seems as widely distributed in the Eastern Hemisphere ? 

M. atropurpurea Say. 

Resembles the preceding very closely and differs in the following 
characters : 

Thorax with sides regularly arcuate, widest at middle. Elytra acute and usually 
slightly acuminate at tip. Length .30 — .52 inch ; 7.5—13 mm. 

This species follows the line of distribution already indicated for 
miranda. 

M. Drilitinioudi Kby. — Color variable from greenish to dark bronze, more 
shining beneath, form subdepressed. Head coarsely, densely and deeply punc- 
tured, rarely with a smooth spot on each side, sometimes the occiput is slightly 
strigose. Thorax narrower at apex, widest near the middle, sides feebly arcuate, 
disc distinctly impressed each side, the surface coarsely and densely punctured 
at the sides, transversely strigose at middle, lateral margin obliterated in front, 
smooth beneath posteriorly; thorax beneath coarsely and densely punctured, tip 
of presternum suddenly narrowed. Elytra densely granulate punctate, and with 
three fine, rather vague costre, lateral margin scarcely serrulate, apices obtuse, 
surface with three spots on each elytron arranged as in fulvoguttata sometimes 
entirely wanting. Body beneath and abdomen sparsely punctate. Posterior tarsi 
as in gentilis. Length .32— .42 inch; 8-11 mm. 

The last ventral segment is subtruncate in the male, obtusely rounded 
in the female. 

In our fauna this species has a wide distribution, from Maine to 
Alaska, varying to a greater or less extent in its course without present- 
ing any characters by means of which local varieties might be indicated. 
I have observed that very many of our species in other families which 
have a subarctic transcontinental distribution occur in Siberia extending 
even to Europe making the complete circle. In some cases the Asiatic 
form bears another name, and I am inclined to believe that guttidata 
Grebl., is not specifically distinct from the present species but merely 
a slight variety. 

HI. fulvoguttata Harris.— Oblong, moderately convex, dark bronze above, 
more brightly metallic beneath, elytra usually with three spots on each. Head 
densely punctured, somewhat strigose on the occiput, clypeus truncate. Thorax 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 105 

gradually narrowed in front, sides nearly straight, disc densely punctured, some- 
what reticulate at the sides, a slight ante-scutellar fovea, hind angles obtuse, 
lateral margin obsolete in front, thorax beneath densely and coarsely punctured, 
presternum at tip suddenly narrowed. Elytra moderately convex, margin finely 
serrulate posteriorly, the apices separately rounded, disc without trace of costa? 
granulately punctured at base, more finely and densely posteriorly and with a tend- 
ency of the punctures to form transverse strigoe. Body beneath sparsely punctured. 
Posterior tarsi as in gentilis. Length .30 — .40 inch ; 7.5 — 10 mm. (PL IV, fig. 5). 

The last ventral segment is oval at tip in both sexes, a little more 
obtuse in the female. 

In this species there are no traces whatever of fine costse on the 
elytra. Its form is a little more convex than in gentilis. The elytra! 
spots are usually six, two in front of middle on each side of the suture, 
two posterior to these and more external and two smaller about one-fifth 
from the apex and closer to the suture than the first pair. These are, 
however, variable and may be entirely absent. 

Occurs in the Middle and Northern States, extending westward to 
California and Nevada. 

]fl. gentilis Lee. — Color variable between green and blue or darker, metallic. 
Head densely punctured. Thorax with feebly arcuate sides, gradually narrowed 
to front, the lateral margin entire or very nearly so, disc densely and rather 
coarsely punctured, a slight ante-scutellar fovea, under side densely cribrately 
punctured, presternum at tip suddenly constricted. Elytra moderately convex, 
densely granulate punctate, lateral margin at apex finely serrulate, the tip obtuse. 
Body beneath moderately densely punctate. Posterior tarsi with first joint not 
longer than the next two. Length .38 — .46 inch; 9.5 — 12 mm. 

The last ventral segment of the male is slightly truncate, of the 
female rounded. 

This species is one of those which has never any elytral spots or 
ot her ornamen tat ion . 

Occurs in Colorado, Arizona, and the entire Pacific region. 

M. iiltrusa n. sp.— Oblong, moderately convex, dark bronze, beneath more 
shining, surface sparsely pubescent. Head convex, front densely punctured and 
longitudinally strigose, clypeus narrowly semicircularly emarginate. Thorax nar- 
rowed in front, sides feebly arcuate, margin obliterated in front, hind angles 
distinct, subacute, flattened above and smooth, disc coarsely, densely and deeply 
punctured, beneath coarsely and densely punctured, the presternum distinctly 
reticulate, suddenly narrowed at tip. Elytra rather coarsely and densely granulate 
punctate, the apical margin finely serrulate, the tips separately rounded. Body 
beneath sparsely punctate, surface with a greenish or bluish metallic lustre. 
Posterior tarsi as in gentilis. Length .26— .30 inch; 6.5 — 7.5 mm. 

The last ventral segment is slightly truncate in the male the margin 
reflexed, in the female the segment is a little longer and more oval at tip. 

This species represents in the western regions eeneola of the east. 
It is similar in form, sculpture and color, but the two differ in the form 

TRANS. AM Kit. K NT. SOC. X. (27) AUGUST, I SSL'. 



KM'. (iEO. II. HORN, M. D. 

of the clypeus and the tip of the prostemum. JJoth species are finely 
pubescent. 

Occurs in California and Nevada. 

HI. Wlieola. Mels. — Oblong, moderately elongate, not depressed, seneous, be- 
aeath more shining, surface sparsely pubescent. Front broad, clypeus broadly 
emarginate, surface densely punctured, occiput somewhat strigose. Thorax nar- 
rowed in front, sides feebly arcuate, margin obliterated in front, hind angles obtuse 
slightly flattened above, disc densely punctured becoming slightly reticulate at 
the sides, beneath very densely, not very coarsely punctured, presternum broadly 
triangular at tip. Elytra moderately convex, densely granulate punctate, margin 
at apex finely serrulate, tips separately rounded. Body beneath sparsely and 
rather feebly punctate. Posterior tarsi as in f/entilis. Length .18— .2(3 inch; 
4.5 — fi.5 mm. 

The last ventral segment is slightly truncate in the male, oval in 
the female. 

As already intimated this species and intrusa are closely related and 
have but little resemblance to the other species of this genus. 

Occurs in the Middle and Southern States. 

M. obtusa n. sp. — Subcylindrieal, moderately robust, metallic greenisli-blue, 
elytra darker. Front broad, coarsely but not deeply punctured, clypeus feebly 
emarginate at middle. Thorax convex, narrowed in front, sides moderately 
arcuate, margin obliterated in front, surface coarsely, deeply and rather densely 
punctured, slightly reticulate at the sides, beneath coarsely, deeply and densely 
punctured, presternum broadly triangular at tip. Elytra very coarsely punctured 
at base becoming granulate posteriorly, the posterior margin finely serrulate, the 
tips separately rounded. Body beneath coarsely but not densely punctured. 
Posterior tarsi as in gentilis. Length .22 inch : 5.5 mm. 

The last ventral segment is slightly truncate and the margin reflexed. 

T have seen but one specimen of this species which resembles in its 
form one of the smaller species of Acmaeodera. It is more obtuse at 
either end and more cylindrical than any species in our fauna. 

( )ne specimen, Georgia. 

ANTIIAXIA Esch. 

In the study of our species I have been unable to find any sexual 
characters like those which have been observed in the species of Europe. 
On the other hand, with an incomplete series however, I have not been 
able to find any of the latter with the tarsal claws toothed as in our 
cyanella and quercata. 

It will be observed that these two species differ from each other in 
the same manner that virldifrons and viridicornis do, and the question 
has arisen in my mind whether they are not respectively sexes of each 
other, the male in each case having the rougher surface sculpture. 

With an original tendency to a contrary course I have been compelled, 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 1<»7 

from the mass of material before me, to. follow Mr. Crotch in the sup- 
pression of a number of species under the name xneoguster L. et (jr., he 
having chosen for the aggregate a name posterior to that by three years. 

In the following list will be found one species hitherto unknown to 
our fauna, salicis Fab., which has probably been introduced. There can 
be no doubt of the capture of these specimens in Kansas. Had they 
been taken near the Atlantic coast in or near any of our commercial 
cities, their occurrence would have been mentioned, but the name not 
introduced in our lists. 

The following synoptic table and the short descriptions will, it is hoped, 
enable our students to identify their species. 

Body depressed, oblong-oval. Last ventral segment not differing in sculpture 
from the other segments. 
Thorax transversely strigose at middle. 

Color bright blue, elytra except at base cupreous sjilicis Fab. 

Thorax uniformly sculptured, punctured or reticulate. 
Claws simple or merely a little broader at base. 

Elytra roughly granulate seneogaster L. et G. 

Elytra feebly sculptured, at most scabrous. 

Elytra finely granulate, subopaque. Body above and beneath bright 
green with a tendency in the elytra to become olivaceous. 

deleta Lee. 
Elytra scabrous, feebly shining. Body above and beneath uniform 

brownish-bronze vii'idifrons Gory. 

Elytra scarcely wrinkled. Body nearly black with a slight purplish 
lustre, front and sides of thorax, broadly, cupreous or aeneous. 

\ iridicornis Say. 
Claws broadly toothed at base. 

Elytra moderately shining, surface not granular cyanella Gory. 

Elytra subopaque, surface iinely granular quercata Fab. 

Body cuneiform, Agriloid. Last ventral segment conspicuously more coarsely 
punctured. Claws slender flavimaiia Gory. 

A. salicis Fab. —Form rather broad, depressed, color bright blue, elytra 
bright coppery, blue at base. Head densely punctured. Thorax nearly twice 
as wide as long, sides irregularly arcuate, hind angles distinct, disc moderately 
convex, broadly concave each side of middle, median line moderately Impressed, 
coarsely punctured at the sides and in front, finely strigose at middle and near 
the base, color bright blue with a darker somewhat velvety space on each side. 
Elytra granulate-punctate, color bright coppery with a triangular space extend- 
ing across the base and nearly one-third along the suture. Prothorax and body 
beneath densely punctured, abdomen rather densely rugose at base, smoother near 
the tip. Claws slender, simple. Length .2*5 — .28 inch; 11.5— 7 mm. 

This species differs from all those strictly native to our fauna by the 
brilliancy of its color. In form it resembles closely that variety of the 
next species known as expansa. 

I have seen but two specimens, collected by Dr. II. A. Brous, at 



108 GEO. II. HORN, M. D. 

Smoky Hill, Kansas, in the flowers of a Malvacequs plant. It is quite 
a common species in Europe and was probably introduced with some 
plant in which it lives. 

A. seueogaster L. et G. — Form rather broad, depressed, piceous or black, 
Surface with faint aeneous lustre, very rarely green. Head densely punctate 
reticulate, with very short pubescence. Thorax transverse, sides feebly arcuate 
in front, nearly straight at middle, slightly sinuate posteriorly, the hind angles 
acutely rectangular, disc moderately convex, usually with four fovese arranged in 
an arcuate transverse series, sometimes with two only, often without trace of any, 
surface normally coarsely reticulate, often however subgranular or even slightly 
longitudinally strigose on each side of the middle. Elytra gradually narrowed 
from the apical third, the tips obtuse, surface rather coarsely granulate punctate 
and with a faint oblique impression extending from the humeri toward the middle 
of the suture. Beneath more or less aeneous and more shining than above, the 
prothorax variably reticulate, the body and abdomen coarsely punctate. Claws 
simjile. Length .14 — .28 inch; 3.6 — 7 mm. 

At the time of the publication of the " Revision of the Buprestidae "' 
by Dr. LeConte, the number of specimens before him did not exceed ten, 
these formed the basis of the six names which appear in the Revision, 
five of them represented by uniques. Since that time the amount of 
material has considerably increased and the selected specimens represent- 
ing all shades of variation in his cabinet and mine now number about 
eighty, which represent many hundreds of specimens from which selec- 
tions were made. The result of this accumulation has been the demon- 
stration of the identity of those forms which Crotch had already placed 
as varieties in the Check List. 

The surface lustre of the vast majority of the specimens is brownish- 
bronze, specimens however occur in the Yosemite Valley of California 
as brilliantly green as deleta or quercata. The latter form, which for 
convenience may be called prasina, is rather rare, I have seen but 
eight, these however exhibit the same thoracic variations observed in 
the darker forms. The specimens with bronze surface vary in the form 
and sculpture of the thorax. Three forms inornata, foveicollis and im- 
perfecta, are absolutely identical, these have the four thoracic fovea? well 
marked, in the manner of some European forms. These foveas become 
gradually fainter in retifera and expansa and are finally lost in strigata. 
Specimens often occur with the middle foveas well marked and the lateral 
obsolete or entirely wanting. The surface sculpture of the thorax also 
varies in a gradual manner. In strigata the sides are distinctly reticulate, 
the middle much more finely and the lines of the reticulation forming 
short longitudinal strigae. From this we have every gradation to the 
granular form, through forms like retifera in which the entire surface is 
reticulate to those simply granulate without reticulation. The existence 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. H»!< 

of pubescence, or the. reverse, on the front is merely a question of the 
state of preservation of the species. 

From a slight examination which I have made of European species there 
appears to be the same tendency to vary as is exhibited in the preceding 
species. The amount of material at my disposal has been too meagre to indi- 
cate positively the equivalence of several species but what occurs in one 
fauna may be found in another. I am not by any means positive that our 
species will prove different from some previously described from Europe, as 
it will be observed that vmbellutarum and some of its allies very suspiciously 
resemble the aggregate which is united under the name seneogaster L. et G. 

This species is the most widely diffused in our fauna. It occurs 
in Maine, going west through Canada and the Northern States to the 
Hudson's Bay region, to Colorado and Utah, thence westward to Oregon 
and following the Pacific slope southward as far as Tejon in California. 

A. deleta. Lee. — Oblong, very little narrower posteriorly, color above and 
beneath bright green with a tendency to become brownish on the elytra. Front 
flat, densely punctured. Thorax broad, not narrower at base, sides feebly arcuate, 
sometimes straight at middle and slightly arcuate at apex and base, hind angles 
small, rectangular, disc even or with a feeble trace of impression on either side 
of middle, surface reticulate at the sides, scabrous at middle. Elytra subopaque, 
finely granulate, apices obtuse. Body beneath bright green, the surface reticu- 
late, abdomen more shining. Claws slender, slightly dilated at base. Length 
.16— .20 inch; 4—5 mm. 

In form this species resembles inornata. It is however much less 
depressed and with finer surface sculpture. The color of the surface is 
very uniform, the type in the cabinet of Dr. LeConte being discolored, 
hence the different description. Bright green forms of inornata occa- 
sionally occur, but these are always so rough in their sculpture that there 
will be no difficulty in separating them from the present species. 

Occurs from Colorado to Nevada and California. 

A. viridi irons Gory. — Oblong, feebly convex, dark coppery bronze, more 
shining beneath, head often green. Front slightly convex, a feeble frontal de- 
pression, surface reticulate. Thorax broad, sides irregularly arcuate, disc moder- 
ately convex, usually with two slight transverse depressions on each side which 
are often. absent, surface regularly reticulate. Elytra narrowed at apical third, 
apices obtuse, surface distinctly rugulose and subopaque. Prothor«x and body 
beneath indistinctly reticulate, abdomen very sparsely punctate. Claws slender, 
slightly broader at base. Length .16 — .20 inch; 4-5 mm. 

This species and viridicornis seem to bear the same relation to each 
other that quercata and cyanella do. It is desirable that all of these 
should be studied in their habits with the view of ascertaining if the 
differences are not merely sexual. 

Occurs in the Middle, Southern and Western States 

(28) 



110 (iEO. H. HORN, M. I». 

A. viridicornis Gory. — Oblong, moderately depressed, black, beneath bluish, 

above slightly purple, sides of thorax broadly shining cupreous. Front slightly 
depressed at middle, surface reticulate and cupreous or brassy. Thorax broad, 
sides feebly and irregularly arcuate, disc slightly convex, on each side a transverse 
depression, surface very regularly reticulate. Elytra narrowed at apical third, the 
apices obtuse, surface opaque finely wrinkled. Body beneath more shining than 
above, the thorax reticulate, abdomen sparsely punctate. Claws slender, broader 
at base. Length .20— .26 inch ; 5—6.5 mm. 

This species resembles cyanella in form but is less shining and with 
the thorax differently colored. The form of the claws will enable the 
two to be easily separated. 

Occurs in the Middle and Southern States. 

A. cyanella Gory. — Oblong, parallel, elytra narrowing at apical third, color 
bluish or purple, shining. Front flat, impressed at middle, surface coarsely 
punctured somewhat reticulate at the sides. Thorax broad, sides nearly straight 
at middle, arcuate at either end, disc moderately convex with a deep triangular 
impression on each side behind the middle extending to the hind angle, surface 
distinctly reticulate at the sideSj smoother at middle. Elytra obtuse at tip, disc 
with a vague oblique impression in front of middle, the surface moderately shining, 
obsoletely scabrous at base and indistinctly punctured and much smoother near 
the apex. BV>dy beneath black with a purplish tinge, the prothorax indistinctly 
reticulate, the abdomen obsoletely punctate and nearly smooth. Tarsal claws with 
a broad tooth, acute at its free angle. Length .16 — .22 inch ; 4—5.5 mm. 

It appears to have escaped notice that this species and quercata have 
the claws distinctly toothed. This distinguishes these two from any others 
at present known in our fauna, while the broader form, more shining and 
less sculptured surface distinguish the present from quercata. 

Occurs in the Middle, Southern and Western States, extending as far 
as Texas, also one specimen from California, (Ulke). 

A. quercata Fab. — Oblong, slightly narrowed posteriorly, color usually 
bright green with the middle of the thorax and a broad vitta on each elytron 
brown. Front flat without depression, densely punctured. Thorax broad, the 
sides usually straight at middle, arcuate at the front angle and slightly sinuate 
near the posterior, disc feebly convex, with a moderate depression each side behind 
the middle composed of two continent transverse impressions, surface reticulate, 
but less distinctly at middle. Elytra gradually narrowed to the tips which are 
obtuse, surface feebly granulate at base, somewhat less rugous posteriorly. Body 
beneath green, the thorax distinctly reticulate, the abdomen nearly smooth. Claws 
toothed at base. Length .16— .24 inch ; 4—6 mm. 

There is a tendency in this species to vary in color, the bright green 
giving place to brownish. A. bivittata Gory, seems merely a form of 
this species with the brown elytral vitta well marked. 

The attention of collectors should be directed to this species and 
cyanella. They are so often sent together, and even placed side by side 
that I am inclined to suspect a closer relationship than that of allied 
species, in other words may they not be sexes of one? 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. Ill 

Occurs in the Middle and Southern States to Texas. I have seen one 

in Mr. Ulke's cabinet from California. 

A. flu Yiuianu Gory. — Narrowly cuneiform. Front convex, finely reticulate. 
Thorax broader than long, narrower posteriorly, apex Insinuate, sides feebly arcu- 
ate, hind angles rectangular, disc moderately convex, very regularly reticulate, 
a vague impression each side of middle, another more distinct in front of scutellum. 
Elytra narrowed to apex, a fine transverse basilar impression, surface slightly 
rugous, vaguely striato-punctate, with one interval slightly more convex, apices 
obtuse. Thorax beneath reticulate, body and abdomen obsoletely reticulate or 
nearly smooth, the last ventral segment very coarsely punctured. Tarsal claws 
slender. Length .12 — .20 inch; 3—5 mm. 

The male is more slender and smaller than the female. In the latter 
the last ventral segment is coarsely punctured over its entire surface 
while in the male the tip is alone punctured. 

The color of this species varies considerably. The head is usually 
metallic-green, varying to purplish. The thorax is broadly purple-black 
or dark brown at middle, the sides green or blue. The elytra are dark 
purple or bronze varying to greenish, with usually a basal triangle of 
green. The under side is green or bronze. 

Occurs in the Middle and Southern States as far as Texas. 

V ! NOltilll'IS Lee. 
This genus differs remarkably not only from the other two of the 
group but from all others in the family in the structure of the antennae 
of the male. The joints of the male antennae from the second to the 
tenth are provided with a branch of varying length, that of the second 
shortest. In the accompanying plate (IV, fig. 9), I have endeavored to 
reproduce as accurately as possible the form of each joint and its branch, 
and will refer the reader there rather than give a detailed description. 
The antennae of the female do not differ remarkably from the usual 
Buprestide type, being slender and subserrate from the fifth joint. 

X. Brendoli Lee. Proc. Acad. 1866, 384. 

In the two outline figures on the plate (TV, figs. 7, 8), representing 
both sexes it will be observed that the thorax of the male is quadrate, 
and that of the female distinctly wider than long. In the latter sex 
the head is also more transverse and the eyes smaller than in the male 
and much less prominent. 

The three specimens known do not vary perceptibly from each other 
in size .20 inch ; 5 mm. 

While very rare the species has a wide distribution. The specimen 
in Mr. Ulke's cabinet was collected in Peoria, Illinois ; Dr. 'LeConte has 
one from Texas ; that in my cabinet (a 9 )> was found by Mr. A. Merkel 
in his garden at Brooklyn. 



11- GEO, H. HORN, M. I). 



Bibliography and Synonymy. 

MELANOPHILA Esch. 

Iff. miranda Lee. (Phocnops), Proc. Acad. 1854, p. 83; Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. xi, 

p. 212; Col. Kans. 1859, p. 11, pi. ii, fig. 7. 
M. notata Lap. et Gory, (Apatura), Mon. i, p. 4, pi. i, fig. 5 ; Lee. loc. cit. p. 212. 

luteosignata Ziegl. Proc. Acad. 1846, p. 267. 

opacn Lee. loc. cit. p. 213. 
M. consputa Lee. Pacif. R. R. Rep. 47 par. p. 44; Tr. Am. Philos. Soc. xi, p. 212. 
M. longipes Say, (Bupr.), Journ. Acad, iii, p. 164 ; Gory, Mon. Supp. p. 76, pi. xiii, 
fig. 74; Lee. loc. cit. p. 212. 

immaculata Mann. Bull. Mosc. 1837, p. 70; Gory, loc. cit. p. 75, pi. xiii, fig. 72. 

appendiculata\ L. et G. Mon. i, Apat. p. 8, pi. ii, fig. 14. 
M. atropurpurea Say, {Bupr.), Journ. Acad, iii, p. 160; Lee. loc. cit. p. 213. 
M. Drummondi Kby. {Trachyp.), Faun. Bor. Am. p. 159, pi. ii, fig. 8; L. et G. 
Mon. i, p. 5, pi. i, fig. 3; Lee. loc. eit. p. 213. 

guttulata % Mann. Bull. Mosc. 1853, p. 221. 
M. fulvoguttata Harris, {Bupr.), N. E. Farmer, 1829, p. 2; Ins. Inj. Veg. 44; Lee. 
loc. eit. p. 213. 

octospilota L. et G. Mon. i, p. 4, pi. i, fig. 4. 

croceosignata L. et G. loc. cit. p. 5, pi. i, fig. 6. 

decolorata L. et G. loc. cit. fig. 7. 
M. gentilis Lee. List Col. p. 42. 

prasina || Lee. loc. cit. p. 254. 
M. intrusa n. sp. 
M. aeneola Mels. Proc. Acad, ii, p. 146. 

metal/ica Mels. loc. eit. 
M. obtusa n. sp. 

ANTHAXIA Esch. 
A. salicis Fab. Gen. Ins. Maht. p. 237; Lap. et Gory, Mon. i, Anth. p. 12, pi. iii, 

fig. 14. 
A. aeneogaster L. et G. loc. cit. p. 32, pi. vii, fig. 44. 

inornata Rand. Bost. Journ. ii, p. 4; Lee. Trans. Am. rhilos. Soc. 1859, p. 216. 

expansa Lee. Pacif. R. R. Expl. xi, Ins. 47 paral. p. 44. 

strigata Lee. Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. 1859, p. 215. 

foveicollis Lee, imperfecta Lee., reti/er Lee. loc. cit. p. 215. 
A. deleta Lee. 
A. viridifrons Gory, Mon. Suppl. p. 284, pi. xlvii, fig. 277; Lee. loc. cit. p. 217. 

suboenea Lee. loc. cit. p. 216. 
A. viridicornis Say, Journ. Acad, iii, p. 162; Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. iv, p. 161; 

Lee. loc. cit. p. 216. 
A. cyanella Gory, loc. cit. p. 2S5, pi. xlvii, fig. 278; Lee. loc. cit. p. 216. 

scoriacea Mels. Proc. Acad, ii, p. 148. 
A. quercata Fab. Syst. El. ii, p. 216 ; L. et G. loc. cit. p. 21, pi. v, fig. 28; Lee. loc. 
cit. p. 217. 

cuneiformis Gory, Mon. Suppl. p. 290, pi. xlviii, fig. 284. 

bivittata Gory, loc. cit. p. 292, pi. xlix, fig. 286. 
A. flavimana Gory, loc. cit. p. 291, pi. xlix, fig. 285 ; Lee. loc. eit. p. 218. 

gracilis Mels. Proc. Acad, ii, p. 148. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 113 



Notes on some little known Genera and Species of 
COLEOPTERA. 

BY GEORGE H. HORN, M. D. 

The following pages contain the results of fragmentary studies made 
at various times, with notes on some genera sufficiently well known by 
name of which the descriptions have been necessarily imperfect. 

Several new genera are described here for the first time, one being 
a contribution from Dr. LeConte in order that the description might 
accompany the figure. Species are described in several genera now for 
the first time known in our fauna as Da sy cents and Oniticellus. 

Considerable space has been devoted to Polymoechus and many details 
given on the plate, the better to elucidate its systematic position, it being 
now accepted as a Rutelide rather than a Dynastide. 

A few genera have been figured in order that the student might be 
able to acquire a better idea of their external form than that obtained 
from description alone. 

One foreign genus has been studied and its affinities pointed out. Myrme- 
cospectra seems not to have fallen under the observation of any careful 
student since the days of Motschulsky, and the position assigned it by that 
author as well as that given in the Catalogus are equally erroneous. 

The species formerly placed in Lichnanth? and Dasydera have been 
synoptically treated and placed under Amphii omu , the two genera above 
mentioned not presenting characters sufficient for their separation. 

L.EPTINUS Mull. 

Having had occasion to examine our species of this genus with the 
view of describing the parts of the mouth, several important differences 
between the two species have been observed which are of sufficient moment 
to require the creation of a new generic name for our larger form. 

These characters in brief are as follows : 

Head entirely without eyes; presternum not separating the anterior coxse. 

Leptinus. 

Head with translucent eye spots at the hind angles of the head; presternum 

separating the coxse Lep till ill us. 

The latter genus based on L. validus Horn, being much larger than 
the other was used in preference for dissection, and the sketches on the 
accompanying plate were made from it. 

The head viewed from above presents a well marked hemihexagonal 
frontal suture. The labrum is transverse, connate with the front, the 
suture well marked and nearly straight. 

TKANS. AMER. E.NT. SOC. X. (29) Al'GlST, 1882. 



114 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

The mandibles are of irregular triangular form, thin and translucent, 
convex above, concave beneath, the inner edge finely fimbriate, the apex 
very acute and prolonged. 

The maxillae are bilobed, outer lobe longer with moderately long and 
rather dense ciliae, inner lobe shorter, ciliate externally and with shorter 
and stouter hairs internally. The palpi are four-jointed as shown in 
the figure. 

The mentum is transverse slightly concave beneath, narrowed in front, 
the hind angles prolonged in long slender processes over the gula. On 
the front of the mentum is an accessory piece. Ligula concealed behind 
the mentum, the paraglossae prominent, alate, united on the median line 
and finely fimbriate along their margins. The palpi are short, three- 
jointed, the penultimate joint longer than the others, the basal support 
slightly projecting beyond the mentum causing the palpi to appear 
four-jointed. 

The head is provided at the posterior angles, under the lateral margin 
with an oval translucent eye spot recalling a similar structure in Adelops 
or in some Anophthalmi. 

The presternum moderately separates the anterior coxae and is fimbriate 
at tip, the coxal cavities open behind. 

The plate gives in sufficient detail the under side of the body. 

The legs are not long. The anterior and middle coxae have a distinct 
trochantin. Anterior tibiae slightly broader to tip, ciliate at the outer 
angle, the tarsi dilated in both sexes but more widely in the male, the 
fourth joint bilobed. Middle tibiae stout, ciliate and finely spinulose 
externally, the tarsi dilated but less widely than on the anterior legs, the 
fourth joint less distinctly bilobed. Posterior tibiae slender, ciliate and 
spinulose, tarsi slender, first joint nearly as long as the next two, the 
fourth joint slender. Tibial spurs all distinct. 

The relationship of Leptinus has already been discussed by Dr. LeConte 
and will not be repeated here, and as fuller details of its structure will be 
given in a forthcoming work, merely enough is given here to render the 
accompanying plate intelligible. 

Details of structure are illustrated on Plate V. 

PL,ATYPSYL,L,A Ritsema. 
This genus is founded on a curious parasite discovered on the Ameri- 
can Beaver in captivity in the Zoological Gardens at Amsterdam. By 
Mr. Ritsema it was placed in a relationship not very remote from the 
true fleas. Prof. Westwood who described the insect about one month 
later believed it typical of a new order which he named Achreioptera . 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 115 

In the Proc. Zool. Soc. London, Nov. 1872, Dr. LeConte gave in 
greater detail than had been done a description of its anatomy, especially 
of the mouth parts and expressed the opinion that Platypsylla was 
a Coleopteron not very remote in its affinities from Leptinus. With this 
opinion I fully agree. 

I have before me the dissection of the mouth parts made by Mr. Mat- 
thews and another prepared by myself which are illustrated by the an- 
nexed plate. As these differ somewhat from those given by Dr. LeConte 
and subsequently by Westwood, (Thesaurus Oxoniensis, 1874), attention 
will be called to the differences. 

The antennae consist of a long basal joint followed by a broader 
cupuliform piece which seems to be composed of two joints. Within 
the cupule is an oval mass composed of six segments. Westwood and 
LeConte give a greater number of segments to the mass but do not 
mention the division of the cupule. 

The mentum being easily seen without dissection, my figure does not 
differ essentially from that of those authors. 

The maxillre are composed of two lobes, both thin and translucent, the 
inner especially so. The outer is ciliate with long hairs on its outer side 
from the insertion of the palpus to its apex. The inner lobe is long, 
wedge-shaped, truncate at apex and ciliate with very short hairs. The 
palpus is four-jointed as shown in the figure. 

When the mentum and maxillae are removed and the head viewed 
from the under side the following structures become evident. 

The frontal suture nearly straight defines the clypeus, which has at its 
middle a small oval dark spot being a point at which the chitin is denser. 
Immediately posterior to this spot is a small somewhat pentagonal piece 
articulated at its base a little in front of the frontal suture and which is 
the labrum. Posterior to the labrum on each side is a small oval spot. 

Immediately behind the labrum the edge of the mandible can be 
detected. This organ is extremely thin and transparent and is with 
great difficulty defined. The illustration is as far as I have been able 
to follow its outline. That this is not merely a line of sculpture on 
the head has been rendered evident to me by the removal of the struc- 
ture from the opposite side of the head, but I have not been able to 
isolate the mandible 

Prof. Westwood was unable to find any trace of the mandible. After 
a very careful study of the piece which has been figured by Dr. LeConte 
as the mandible I am convinced that it is really one of the granules 
which occur behind the labrum, and that the apparently serrate edge 



116 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

is a very irregular fracture. That this piece could hardly be even an 
aborted mandible seems evident, from the fact; that it is a little less in 
size than the first or basal joint of the maxillary palpus. 

The other parts of the body as described seem to need no further 
comment. Details are given on Plate V. 

MOXCEDUS* n. g. (Lathridiidse). 
I have established this genus on a very small species having the 
following remarkable characters : 

Antennas ten-jointed, joints 1 — 2 thick, third a little larger than the following 
4 — 9, which are rounded but little longer than wide, tenth as long as the eighth 
and ninth, oval, obtuse, above one-half longer than wide. Eyes convex, promi- 
nent. Front coxaa not prominent, separated by the narrow presternum, cavities 
closed behind. Legs rather short, tibiae without distinct spurs; tarsi three-jointed, 
the first joint large, dilated, fla-t and spongy beneath, oval, not emarginate ; second 
joint small arising from the upper surface of the first joint, about one-third from 
the distal end ; third joint long, with rather large claws feebly toothed near the 
base. Upper surface very coarsely sculptured, elytra with rows of large fovse and 
with the interstaees subeostate, alternately more elevated as in certain Micro- 
rhopalce. Under surface nearly smooth. 

]>I. £U 1 1 sit us Lee. n. sp. — Fulvous, antennse black. Head flat, broadly im- 
pressed, opaque, alutaceous or finely punctulate. Prothorax quadrate, a little 
longer than wide, not wider than the head with the eyes, sides nearly straight, 
tip and base feebly rounded, the latter margined, angles, both front and hind, 
acute, slightly "prominent; disc very coarsely punctured, with four shallow im- 
pressions; there is a slight vestige of a smooth elevated dorsal line behind the 
middle. Scutel visible, black. Elytra more than one-half wider than the pro- 
thorax, truncate at base, with rectangular humeri, rounded behind and covering 
completely the dorsal segments; sides parallel, strongly margined; disc moder- 
ately convex with nine rows of large cribrate punctures; these rows are somewhat 
confused by pairs, with the interspaces elevated and subeostate; they are marked 
with black spots as follows: one at four-fifths the length on the first and second 
row of punctures, and another very near the tip; two on the third and fourth 
row, the anterior one elongate, about the middle, the posterior one between the 
two spots of the inner rows; two elongate spots on the fifth and sixth rows, one 
before, the other behind the middle: and finally some elongate clouds on the 
seventh and eighth rows behind the middle. Length 2 mm. (Tl. IV, fig. 10). 

One specimen, Cedar Keys, Florida; Mr. H. G. Hubbard. This odd 
form seems to lead to the Monotomidae, but differs by many characters. 

DASYCERUS Brongn. 
This genus heretofore represented only in Europe by three species 
has been lately discovered within our fauna, two species having been 
almost simultaneously discovered on both sides of our continent. They 
are as follows : 

* Through the kindness of Dr. LeConte I have been permitted to publish the 
description to accompany the figure I have drawn on PL IV. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 117 

D. carolinensis n. sp. — Brownish testaceous. Head triangular, each side 
impressed, lateral angles somewhat elevated, surface subopaque, granulate. Thorax 
transversely hexagonal, apex wider than base, lateral angles prominent but obtuse, 
disc convex with an obtuse, sinuous, costiform elevation extending from apex to 
base on each side of middle, surface granulate. Elytra broadly oval, a little more 
narrowed at apex, convex, each with the suture slightly elevated and three well 
defined sharp costse, the margin also costiform, intervals concave, irregularly 
biseriately punctulate. Body beneath and legs somewhat paler than above. 
Length .07 inch; 1.75 mm. (PL IV, fig. 11). 

Resembles the European I), sulcatus Brongn., but less robust, the 
thorax less transverse, and the humeri of the elytra more rounded. 

Occurs near Morganton, North Carolina, ( Morrison). 

D. angulicollis n. sp. — Brownish testaceous. Head triangular, above granu- 
late in lines, a smooth space over the insertion of the antennae. Thorax very 
transversely hexagonal, the lateral angles acute and prominent, apex slightly 
prolonged at middle and on each side within the front angles emarginate, the 
latter prominent anteriorly, disc convex, on each side a slender carina diverging 
posteriorly bifurcating in front forming a Y, near the lateral margin anteriorly 
a short carina, surface variably granulate. Elytra broadly oval, humeri rounded, 
convex, suture slightly elevated, disc of each side tricostate the intervals densely 
and irregularly triseriately granulate-punctate, the marginal interval smoother at 
base. Body beneath somewhat paler than above, comparatively smooth. Length 
.07 inch; 1.75 mm. (PI. IV, fig. 12). 

Resembles more closely D. sulcatus and has the lateral angles of the 
thorax even more acute. It differs also from sulcatus and carolinensis 
in the form of the apex of the thorax. D. sulcatus differs from both 
our species in having the intervals of the elytra ornamented with 
a double series of very regularly placed coarse punctures, and by the 
humeri of the elytra quite distinctly angulate and not rounded. 
Occurs in California and given me by Mr. Ulke. 

PEPLOGLYPTUS Lee. 

This genus was established by Dr. LeConte for a curious little Histeride 
allied to Glgmma, (see Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1880, p. 189), differing 
especially in the position of the antennal fossae. On plate VI, fig. 1, will 
be found a much enlarged representation of the upper surface ; figure 2 
gives a view of the head and thorax seen from the front. On the right 
side of the latter the antenna is extended so that the fossa under the 
anterior angle is seen. The scape when at rest is received in a groove 
at the side of the head extending to the labrum, the funiculus and club 
are folded backward as shown in the left side of figure 2. 

PSEPHENUS Lee. 

In order that some points in the structure of this rather anomalous 
genus may be better understood I have prepared an outline sketch on 
plate VI, fig. 14, of the upper surface of a male. The sexual differences 

(30) 



118 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

in the maxillary palpi are also shown. Fig. 15 is a more enlarged view 
of a portion of the under side. It will be observed that the structure 
of the legs and antennae is decidedly Elmide, that of the under side 
recalls strikingly some Dascyllidae. Psephenus seems to be a genus 
with Elmide affinities pointing strongly in the direction of the Eubriide 
series of Dascyllidae. 

LARA Lee. 
At the time of the description of this genus, the only specimen 
known was imperfect, having but three basal joints of the antennae 
remaining. Having recently received a perfect specimen the outline 
on plate VI, fig. 16, has been prepared with the view of illustrating the 
missing organ and of giving a general idea of the species. The antennae 
are rather long, scarcely at all serrate, first joint stouter, second oval 
much shorter, 3 — 11 subequal. The legs and tarsi do not differ notably 
from those of Psephenus. 

ONITI€EL,L,US Serv. 

O. caliloniicilS n. sp. — Oblong, black, feebly shining, elytra more opaque. 
Thorax broad, emarginate in front, sides and base arcuate, surface with very 
coarse punctures, regularly but not densely placed, the intervals with finer punc- 
tures, a slight depression in front of the scutellum. Elytra finely seven-striate, 
striae with punctures not closely placed, intervals opaque, very finely alutace- 
ous and irregularly biseriately punctate, each puncture with a very fine hair. 
Pygidium opaque, sparsely punctate. Body beneath shining, coarsely punctate. 
Length .54 inch; 13.5 mm. 

Male. — Head broad ; clypeus expanded at the sides, slightly prolonged at middle 
and arcuate in front, bearing a moderately long, slightly arcuate horn which is. 
feebly emarginate at tip, behind the horn the head is smooth; occiput transversely 
carinate and with a short compressed horn at middle; sides of head coarsely punc- 
tured. Thorax convex, anteriorly with a broad but shallow depression behind 
which is a small smooth tubercle. (PI. VI, figs. 3 — 4). 

Female. — Head oval, coarsely punctured ; clypeus nearly semicircular, obtusely 
bidentate in front; vertex with a short obtuse horn situated immediately between 
the eyes; occiput with a transverse carina on a line with the posterior border 
of the eyes. Thorax regularly convex, more coarsely punctured than the male, 
without the anterior concavity but with a slight tubercle at middle behind the 
anterior margin. 

The genus Oniticellus is closely related to Onthophagus and differs 
in having the antennae eight-jointed and by the presence of a very 
distinct scutellum. This is the first instance of the occurrence of the 
genus in our fauna, in fact there is but one other, from Cuba, in the 
Western Hemisphere. 

For this interesting addition we are indebted to Mr. Henry Edwards, 
who collected but one pair at the base of Mount Shasta, California. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 119 

V Ml* II 14 091 \ Latr. 

Under this generic name are included the North American species 
formerly placed in Lichnanthe and Dasydera. 

Our species are as follows : 
Elytra contiguous from suture to tip, their disc immaculate, labrum emarginate. 

lupiua. 

Elytra dehiscent posteriorly. 

Labrum very feebly emarginate, almost truncate ursina. 

• Labrum deeply emarginate. 
Elytra immaculate. 

Thorax densely punctate over its entire surface Ylllpina. 

Thorax with a smooth space in each hind angle Edwardsi. 

Elytra with denser spots of pale pubescence in three irregular rows. 

Pubescence above and beneath pale yellow caniiia. 

Pubescence entirely black, that of the disc of thorax brownish-yellow. 

Rathvoni. 

A., lupina Lee. {Lichnanthe), Journ. Acad. 1856, p. 288. — Piceous with slight 
greenish lustre, elytra testaceous. Body beneath sparsely clothed with yellowish 
hairs. Labrum deeply emarginate. Thorax broader than long, densely punc- 
tured over its entire surface and clothed with rather short yellowish hair. Elytra 
with very short and not dense black hair, contiguous along the entire suture, the 
sutural angle with a distinct tooth. Length .44 inch; 11 mm. 

The antennal club is slightly longer in the male. The posterior legs 
are stouter in the female and shorter and the tarsi relatively longer. 
The posterior tibiae are distinctly arcuate in % , straight in 9 . As 
a general rule the 9 i g much less pubescent than the % and the hairs 
shorter, although the differences here are less ' marked than in the 
following species. 

Occurs in New York, Pennsylvania, and tbe New England States. 

A. ursina Lee. {Dasydera), Proc. Acad. 1861, p. 345; Cooperi Horn, Trans. 
Am. Ent. Soc. 1867, p. 164.— Piceous, shining, head and thorax with distinct 
aeneous lustre, elytra testaceous. Labrum very feebly emarginate. Thorax nar- 
rowed in front, broader in 9 > surface densely punctured with a smooth space at 
each hind angle, clothed with silken white hairs longer in % . Elytra dehiscent 
posteriorly, sparsely clothed with short white hairs. Body beneath moderately 
densely clothed with white hairs, the abdomen smooth at middle and rufo-testa- 
ceous, without hairs in 9 , very sparsely pubescent even at sides and entirely 
rufous % . Legs piceous with aeneous lustre, tibiae and tarsi usually paler. Length 
.40— .60 inch; 10—15 mm. 

In this species the legs, especially the tibiae are more densely ciliate 
than in any other species. The sexual characters are as in lupina, the 
male being however more slender than tbe female. 

The species described by me as Cooperi seems merely a feeble male. 

Occurs in California near Sacramento. 



120 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

A. Tlllpiiia Hentz, Journ. Acad. 1826, pi. xiii, fig. 3; Burm. Hanclb. iv, 1, 
p. 27, and iv, 2, p. 472; Lee. J«urn. Acad. 1856, p. 287. — Piceous, moderately 
shining, terminal segments of abdomen rufo-testaceous. Head and thorax with- 
out metallic lustre, the latter densely punctured over its entire surface and clothed 
with long fulvous hair, shorter and less dense 9- Elytra brownish testaceous, 
immaculate, sparsely clothed with very short black hairs, at tip dehiscent. Body 
beneath with long fulvous hair, denser at the sides. Legs piceous. Length 
.60 inch; 15 mm. 

The sexual characters are as in lupina. It will be observed however 
that in the posterior tarsus of the female the first joint is not conspicu- 
ously longer than the second, while it is so in both sexes of all the 
other species. 

Occurs in the Middle and New England States. 

A. Edwardsi Horn, (Lichnanthe), Trans. Am. Ent. S'oe. 1870, p. 77. — Piceous 
black, surface with distinct aeneous lustre, clothed with brownish-black hair. 
Clypeus emarginate. Thorax densely punctured witb a smooth space near each 
hind angle. Elytra dehiscent at tip, brownish testaceous, sparsely clothed with 
very short black hair. Abdomen nearly smooth at middle, usually entirely 
piceous, sometimes with the last two segments rufous. Legs piceous, with aeneous 
surface, sparsely pilose. Length .50— .60 inch; 13 — 15 mm. 

The sexual characters as in lupina. 

This is the only species at present known with the hair entirely dark. 
Occurs in Oregon, Washington Territory and Nevada. 

A. canina Horn, (Lichnanthe), Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1S67, p. 164. — Piceous, 
clothed with pale yellowish hairs. Head and thorax with aeneous lustre. Thorax 
densely punctured with a smooth space near each hind angle, hair moderate in 
length, uniformly yellowish. Elytra dehiscent posteriorly, brownish testaceous, 
sparsely clothed with very short black hair and with spots of short yellowish 
pubescence arranged in three irregular rows. Abdomen piceous with aeneous 
lustre, the third segment nearly naked and with dark pubescence at the side 
margin only. Legs piceous, sparsely hairy, tarsi paler. Length .50 — .60 inch ; 
13 — 15 mm. 

Sexual characters as in lupina. 
Occurs with the preceding. 

A. Rathvoni Lee. (Dasydera), New Species, 1863, p. 76. Closely resembles 
Edwardsi, except that the pubescence of the disc of thorax is brownish-yellow 
and the elytra are maculate as in canina. 

Occurs in California, Nevada and Washington Territory. 

Which of the west coast species was seen by Doubleday and casually re- 
corded (Loudon's Magaz. 1839, iii, p. 97), it is not possible to determine. 

PL.USIOTIS Burm. 
P. Lecoiltei n. sp. — Oblong oval, moderately convex, above brilliant green. 
Clypeus nearly semicircular, densely punctured and of cupreous color; head more 
sparsely punctured, the punctures finer posteriorly. Thorax twice as wide as 
long, narrower in front, sides anteriorly arcuate, posteriorly nearly straight, disc 
moderately convex, surface sparsely finely punctulate, color brilliant green, the 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 121 

margins somewhat cupreous by transmitted light. Elytra wider than the thorax, 
broadest behind the middle, surface moderately deeply striate, the striae finely 
punctured, intervals distinctly convex, very sparsely punctulate, the second 
interval with coarse punctures which extend from the base a little beyond the 
middle; a very distinct tuberosity at the apical termination of the third and 
fourth intervals. Pygidium green with golden lustre, sparsely punctulate. Body 
beneath fimbriate with pale hairs. Metasternum and posterior coxae greenish 
with cupreous lustre. Abdomen very sparsely punctate with more evident cupreous 
lustre. Femora green, tibiae more cupreous. Tarsi piceous with aeneous surface. 
Length .80— .90 inch; 20—23 mm. 

Specimens have been observed with the surface more or less suffused 
with cupreous, these seem rather immature than true varieties. 

This species is closely related to P. Lacordairei Bouc, (Proc. Zool. 
Soc. London, 1875, p. 122, pi. xxiii, fig. 4), but differs in important 
characters. M. Aug. Salle has kindly made comparisons for me and I 
repeat his words : " It is an entirely new species very different from all 
those described and the smallest of all, the under side is cupreous while 
in Lacordairei it is silvery, the thorax is more arcuate and the lateral 
border more dilated, the striae of the elytra are deeper and the punctures 
in them larger and deeper, finally the green color is deeper and the legs 
more red." 

The first specimen examined was from Tucson, Arizona, in the 
cabinet of Mr. H. Edwards, a second in the cabinet of Dr. LeConte 
was collected by Prof. Snow in New Mexico. I he series in my cabinet 
came from near Prescott, Arizona. 

I dedicate this species to a friend. 

FOLY9KECHUS Lee. 
Clypeus somewhat trilobed, the middle lobe bidentate, separated from the front 
by an elevated carina which is broadly interrupted at middle. Labrum trans- 
verse, slightly prolonged at middle, carinate above and densely ciliate. Mandibles 
pyramidal, the outer edge not toothed, the tip turned upward. Maxillae stout at 
base, the inner lobe small, the inner edge double with three small teeth on each 
edge and with long cilia?, the tip acute; palpi moderate in length, the last joint 
elongate-oval and equal to all the others. Mentum narrow, the base suddenly 
broader, above the base gradually wider to middle then narrowed to the apex 
which is slightly emarginate; sides of mentum with long ciliae, under surface 
with short hairs. Ligula triangular in great part concealed behind the mentum, 
densely ciliate at tip; palpi short, three-jointed, the second joint very small, the 
terminal longer than the other two combined. Eyes large convex, larger in the 
male, deeply emarginate by the sides of the front. Antennae ten-jointed, chib 
three-jointed as long as the stem in the female, one-half lunger in the male. Legs 
short, stout, tibiae not longer than the femora, tarsi as long or longer than the tibiae. 
Tarsal claws dissimilar in the sexes, those of the female simple feebly arcuate and 
alike on all the feet, those of the male as follows: front leg— anterior claw a little 
stouter than the other with a, trace of a tooth at middle, posterior claw simple; 
middle leg— anterior or outer spur deeply divided, the lower division forming 

TKANS. AMEU. ENT. SOC. X. (.'11) AUGUST, 1882. 



122 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

a tooth as long as the upper, inner claw simple; posterior leg— claws as in the 
middle leg. Fourth joint of middle and posterior tarsi with a spiniforrn pro- 
longation at apex heneath. 

P. brevipes Lee, the only species known, is at all times a rare 
insect and until now the material at hand did not admit of the 
sacrifice of a specimen for dissection. The figures on the accom- 
panying plate give an idea of the general form of the species as 
well as of its details. 

Since the first description of the species (Proc. Acad. 185G, p. 23), 
the position of the genus has remained in doubt. In the Classification 
of the Coleoptera of North America it is placed in the tribe Orycto- 
morphi, a division of the Dynastide series. Our later studies show 
that Polymoechus is allied rather to Parastasia an East Indian genus 
associated with Rutela by Lacordaire. 

The genera of Scarabaeidae seem to need revision, especially in 
the entire Pleurostict series. The Melolonthidaa are not satisfactorily 
grouped, the Cetonide genera not at all defined, while much remains 
to be cleared up in the doubtful ground between the Rutelides and 
Dynastides. 

Details of structure will be found on PI. VI, figs. 5 — 12. 

APHONUS Lee. 

Details of the structure of the oral organs are given on PI. IV, 
fig. 13, in order that comparisons may be made between Polymoechus 
and Aphonics, the former being now referred to the Rutelini, the latter 
a true. Dynastide superficially resembling Polymoechus. 

ELATERIDiE. 

Since the days of Latreille many attempts have been made to define 
the families of that division of the serricorn series named by that 
author the Sternoxes, containing the Buprestidae, Throscidaa, Eucnemidaa, 
Elateridae, Cerophytidae and Cebrionidse, as they are accepted by one 
or other author. 

The first two families are not only abundantly distinct from each other 
but possess characters which sharply separate them from those which 
follow. The last four families do not present any characters which are 
defined with sufficient sharpness to warrant their separation. 

In the preceding volume of these Transactions I have attempted to 
demonstrate that the Cebrionidaa are not separable from the Elateridae, 
the tribe Plastocerini filling the space which formerly existed between 
the two families. 

The Eucnemidas on the other hand seem more sharply defined. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 123 

Here we discover no trochantin to the middle coxae which exists in 
all Elateridae. If, however, Perothops be considered a member of the 
family, not only does this character fail but we have also present a form 
of front analogous to that of the Cebrionidae, to all of which must be 
added a greater length of tibial spurs and serrate ungues. 

In his elaborate monograph of the Eucnemidae de Bonvouloir (ex- 
cluding Perothops) includes Cerophi/tum, in which Lacordaire observed 
characters which seemed to him of sufficient importance to retain it as 
a family by itself. Neither course seems proper. 

Cerophi/tum has a short transverse labrum, connate with the front, 
the suture however distinct, in this respect it resembles the Cebrionidae. 
The front is gibbous and the clypeus obtusely carinate and the entire 
head resembles rather the Rhipiceridae or the Macropogonini of the 
Dascyllidae. The very long trochanters on the middle and posterior legs 
recall a similar character, less developed however, in the front and middle 
legs of the Macropogonini. The posterior coxae have not the usual lamina 
observed in the Sternoxide series, but are sunken in the coxal cavities on 
the same plane with the metasternum and the abdomen. 

The mode of insertion of the antennae in the Eucnemidae, in which 
. the base of these organs is distant from the eyes and the front greatly 
narrowed, is a character to which due weight should be given. Cero- 
phytum possesses it, but Perothops seems as nearly as possible inter- 
mediate between the Eucnemide and Elateride types. 

In view of the facts above given what is the proper course to pursue ? 
Should we recognize the Eucnemidae, Elateridae, Cebrionidae, Pero- 
thopidae and Cerophytidae as distinct families each equal in value to the 
Buprestidae, or should they be considered parts of a greater family which 
can safely be assumed to have that value ? The latter course seems to 
me far more acceptable. The following table of the sub-families of the 
Elateride complex is therefore presented. 

Posterior coxae laminate. Trochanters small. 

Labrum concealed; ungues simple; antennae somewhat distaiit from the eyes, 

their insertion narrowing the front EUCNEMIN^C. 

Labrum visible, free; ungues variable; antennae arising near the eyes, front 

not narrowed .ELATERIN^E. 

Labrum transverse, connate with the front. 

Ventral segments six; ungues simple; antennae as in the Elaterinse; tibial 

spurs well developed CEBRIONINyE. 

Ventral segments five; ungues serrate; antennae slightly distant from the 

eyes, front narrow; spurs moderate PEROTHOPIN^E. 

Posterior coxae not laminate. Trochanters of middle and posterior legs very long. 

Labrum short, transverse, connate with the front; front gibbous; ungues 

serrate CEROPHYTINiE. 



124 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

Having the sub-families arranged it will be observed that the Eucne- 
niinse and Cerophytinse have no visible trochantin to the middle coxae. 
The Elaterinse and Cebrioninae have a well defined trochantin which 
is very small in the Perothopinse. 

In the first sub-family the mandibles are short, usually robust, 
their apices broad or bidentate. The vast majority of the species 
of the second sub-family have a similar type of mandible ; in the 
final tribe (Plastocerini), the mandibles become prominent and acute 
at tip and in great part smooth, a modification which is exaggerated 
in the Cebrioninae to become gradually reduced in the Perothopinse 
and Cerophytinse. 

In their relationship with each other the first three sub-families form 
a very natural linear series. The fourth with Eucnemide affinity seems 
equally related to the Cebrionides. The Cerophytinse seem to me to 
have less Eucnemide affinity than de Bonvouloir claims, but with some 
relationship with that series, and almost equally with the Perothopinse, 
they lead very naturally to the Rhipiceridse and Dascyllidse. 

CRYPTOSTOJHA Latr. 
The figure on the accompanying plate VI, fig. 13, will give an idea 
of the form and color of Cryptostoma Dohmi Horn. The color is bright 
blood-red the shaded part of the elytra black. I have seen but one 
specimen kindly given me by Dr. Dohrn who obtained it from a series 
of specimens collected near San Diego, California. 

MVRMECOSPECTR4 Motsch. 

Head oval, broadest between the eyes and arcuately narrowed behind them. 
Antennae arising under a slight frontal ridge and more distant from the eyes than 
from the front, apparently ten-jointed. Labrum transverse, feebly emarginate, 
concealing the mandibles. Maxillary palpi with the second and last joints equal 
in length, the third very short and transverse the terminal flat, oval and obliquely 
truncate. Labial palpi short, the terminal joint cylindrical, acute at tip, more 
slender than the preceding but equal in length. Thorax ovate, convex, the base 
prolonged, basal margin retiexed, hind angles feebly prominent, anterior angles 
with large extensible vesicles. Scutellum moderate, rounded at tip. Elytra oval, 
rounded at tip, humeri obtusely prominent, disc very convex posteriorly, behind 
the base transversely impressed. A large extensible vesicle behind the humeri. 
Body apterous. Abdomen conically prolonged beyond the elytra. Legs slender. 
Tarsi five-jointed in both sexes. Claws with membranous appendages. 

AstrnNjB % . — First joint elongate pyriform, slightly arcuate, second very small 
almost concealed, third large, quadrate, a little broader than long, distal edge 
emarginate, joints 3—10 subequal, eleventh slightly longer. 

Antknn.k 9- — First joint large, triangularly dilated, second narrower and one- 
half shorter, third a half shorter than the second and the smallest of all, 4 — 7 
longer than the third, 8 — 11 a little longer and broader. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 125 

Through the kindness of Dr. H. A. Hagen of the Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology, I have been enabled to study this genus which appears 
to have been passed in silence since its description by Motschulsky. 
The male only has been examined, the description of the female antennae 
are after the latter author. 

It is to me a matter of great surprise that Motschulsky, and after 
him the authors of the Catalogus, should have placed such a char- 
acteristic ' insect so far from its natural relationship. The presence 
of extensible vesicles and the structure of the male antennae are suffi- 
cient to have suggested its place at once. It is placed by Motschulsky 
as a Ptinide. 

. There can be no doubt but that AJt/rmecospectra is allied . to Collops. 
The antennae are however more distinctly eleven-jointed than in the 
latter genus, while the true third joint is similarly dilated in both. The 
tarsi are similar in the sexes, the anterior pair being five-jointed in both, 
while in Collops they are four-jointed in the males. While it is related 
to the latter genus in its antennal structure the form of body and even 
the color and markings reproduce Temnopwphus Horn, (^Trans. Am. Ent. 
Soc. 1872, p. Ill ), which however has the tarsi as in Collops. 

M. Nietneri Motsch. Etudes Ent. 1858, pp. 65 and 122, fig. 17. 
This is the only species at present known, it is found in Ceylon. The 
original specimens were collected by Nietner, one of them having reached 
Dr. Hagen to whom I am indebted for the privilege of examining it 
as well as for one of the outline sketches which will be found on the 
accompanying plate VI, figs. 18 — l! 1 . 

MEC'OMYCTER n. g. {Dasytini). 

Antennae eleven-jointed, arising midway between the eyes and the margin of 
the front, under a slight ridge, first joint pyriform, second oval, third and fourth 
narrower than the second, five to ten gradually broader, somewhat triangular, 
eleventh longer, oval. Head oval, prolonged to a fiat beak of moderate length. 
Eyes oval, moderately prominent. Labrum semicircular, membranous at base. 
Mandibles moderately prominent, acute, feebly arcuate. Maxillae with inner lobe 
prolonged and ciliate within, the palpi moderately long, the terminal joint longest 
and slightly ciliate. Mentum narrow and long, the palpi slender and glabrous, 
the last two joints equal. Thorax oval, broadest at base. Seutellum distinct, 
quadrangular. Elytra, wider than the thorax, oval, broader behind, apices entire, 
rounded. Legs slender. Tarsi five-jointed, slightly ciliate beneath, first four joints 
equal, fifth longer. Ungues slender and simple, without lobes. 

This genus presents a curious combination of characters found sepa- 
rately in various genera of Dasytini. The prolonged head allies it to 
Arthrobrachus and the Prionocerides of Lacordaire, and its simple ungues 
to Melyris. By the structure of its tarsi it resembles Dasytes. 

(32) 



126 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

M. Ollia I i it lis, n. sp. — Body beneath piceous. Head flat above, coarsely punc- 
tured, orange-yellow, piceous behind the eyes. Antennae piceous, four or five 
basal joints pale. Thorax oval, narrowed in front, a little longer than wide, apex 
truncate, base feebly arcuate, hind angles rounded, disc convex, coarsely and 
moderately densely punctured, surface orange-yellow sometimes with a median 
piceous stripe. Elytra coarsely punctured, the punctures gradually finer to apex, 
surface finely pubescent, color orange-yellow with a common sutural piceous stripe 
broader at either end, not attaining the apex, sides posteriorly piceous, this color 
sometimes extending and joining the sutural stripe, forming an anchor. Legs 
pale yellow. Length .14— .16 inch; 3.5—4 mm. (PI. VI, fig. 17). 

In the male the last ventral segment is feebly emarginate, and entirely 
piceous in color. In the female arcuate and tipped yellow. 

Occurs in western Kansas, collected by Dr. H. A. Brous. 

In the accompanying figure the head is represented fully extended. 
Iti nature it is deflexed and inserted nearly as far as the eyes. The first 
glance at the species recalls some of the forms of Omalini ( Trigonodemus) y 
hence the specific name. 



Synopsis or the species of the tribe LEBIINI. 

BY GEORGE H. HORN, M. D. 

During the past few years Baron Chaudoir has excited an interest 
in the truncatipenne series of Carabidae by his numerous monographic 
publications, which show a conscientious and profound study of the 
genera and species of this group. While I have been able to follow 
him satisfactorily in all the minor details of his work, I have utterly 
failed to see in his larger subdivisions any evidence of a systematic 
treatment of the subject. 

It will be evident to any one studying Chaudoir's essays on the 
truncatipenne series that the ligula and paraglossae play an important 
part in the diagnoses of the divisions whether called tribes or groups. 
Thinking that the key to the system might be found by a careful study 
of these organs, dissections were prepared and drawings made of the 
parts, for comparison, and the conclusion was forced upon me, as it will 
be on any one who will adopt the same course, that the mouth organs 
are of very little value in defining groups higher than genera and when 
used at all must be used with extreme caution. 

With the desire of doing full justice to the subject dissections were 
made of all accessible genera many of which have been published 
in the preceding volume. The further the dissections were made the 
more evident it became that the ligula must be discarded as the basis 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 127 

of any system of subdivision of the Carabidae. Knowing then that the 
publication of the present paper in the form originally intended would 
carry with it a very decided expression of the above opinion, I felt that 
greater weight would attach to that opinion if some other system were 
presented at the same time. This essay became a secondary matter and 
the Classification of the Carabidae as presented in the preceding volume 
was allowed precedence. 

The synoptic table of the genera will not be repeated here, nor will 
I include Lebia, as nothing of importance has been added since my 
paper published several years ago. 

The descriptions of the species are for the most part short, several 
of the more troublesome genera only have received greater attention 
in their details. 

TETRAGONODERUS Dej. 

This genus is a centre around which are grouped others having in 
common a form of inner maxillary lobe which I have illustrated in 
a series of dissections of Carabide mouth parts, (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 
ix, pi. viii, fig. 80). The tibial spurs of the middle and posterior legs 
are also long and slender and their margins very finely serrulate. 
The terminal spur of the anterior tibia is more obviously serrulate 
than the others. 

The tribe Tetragonoderidx as suggested by Chaudoir, (Bull. Mosc. 
1S76), contains five genera three of which are due to him. Cyclosomus 
Latr. which belongs here has a decided resemblance to Omophrvn, and 
has very oddly place by various authors from an incorrect appreciation 
of its true relationship which Chaudoir first made known. 

Among the genera dismembered from Tetragonoderus is Peronoscelis 
Chd., which is said to differ from the former by the ligula not margined 
in front by the extension of the paraglossae. In the dissection above 
quoted the ligula and paraglossae have been drawn exactly as I have 
observed them and there does not appear to be any extension of mem- 
brane in front of the ligula, an appearance of this kind may, however, 
be produced by disarranging the focus of the microscope and an optical 
illusion is the result. From the failure of this character there may be 
considerable doubt of the value of the genus. 

In the diagnosis of the two genera will be found the following 
expressions : 

Tetragonoderus * * * unguiculi tenues, acuti, subtus obsoletissime basi, inter- 
dura evidentius, denticulati. 

Pkronoscelis * * * unguiculi simplices, aut obsoletissime basi denticulati. 
These extracts are introduced because certain of our species have 



128 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

denticulate claws while two have them absolutely simple, and Chaudoir 
has already supposed that one of the latter may be a Peronosc&lis 
although the species was unknown to him in nature. 

Tetragonoderus is represented in our fauna by four species which 
may be arranged in the following manner : 

Claws serrate, (Tetragonoherus). 

Prosternum margined at tip. Elytra in great part piceous. Legs and outer 

joints of antennae piceous intersecttis Germ. 

Prosternum not margined at tip. Elytra in great part testaceous. Legs and 

antennae testaceous Tasciatus Hald. 

Claws simple, no trace of serration, (Peronoscelis ?). 

Prosternum slightly protuberant, margined at tip. Elytra broadly oval, the 

dorsal punctures distinct. Eyes convex lal ipoiinis Lee. 

Prosternum obtuse, not margined. Elytra oblong-oval, the dorsal punctures, 
indistinct. Eyes not prominent...*. pallidum Horn. 

T. illtersectus Germ. — Piceous, upper surface somewhat bronzed. Antennas 
with two basal joints pale. Head smooth. Thorax nearly twice as wide as long, 
base and apex equal, sides arcuate, slightly sinuate posteriorly, hind angles distinct 
not prominent, disc smooth, median line distinctly impressed but attaining neither 
the apex nor base. Elytra oval slightly oblong, finely striate, intervals slightly 
convex, dorsal punctures distinct, situated on the third interval, the anterior 
somewhat in front of middle near the third stria, the posterior one-fourth from 
apex near the second stria; color piceous with bronze surface lustre, with a pale 
space on the intervals 5 — fi — 7 near the base, one in interrupted sinuous band 
at apical third testaceous. Prosternum margined at tip. Legs piceo-testaceous. 
Claws serrate. Length .20 inch; 5 mm. 

Male. — The anterior tarsi have three joints moderately dilated and slightly 
squamulose beneath, the middle tarsi with joints 2 — 4 more narrowly dilated. 
The last ventral segment is acutely notched at middle posteriorly and on each 
side one setigerous puncture. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment entire and with two setse on each side. 
Chaudoir places this species in a series in which the prosternum is 
not margined. The resemblance of this insect to a Bembldium of the 
Notaphus group is certainly remarkable and it is usually found in that 
vicinity in amateur collections. 

Occurs in the States bordering the Gulf. 

T. Fasciatus Hald. — Piceous. slightly bronzed, antennae and legs testaceous, 
elytra fasciate with testaceous. Thorax similar in form to intersectus but less 
broad and with the sides less arcuate in front. Elytra also more oval, more deeply 
striate and with the intervals distinctly convex, dorsal punctures as in intersectus ; 
the color usually in great part testaceous with a semicircular space around the 
scutellum, a broad sinuous band with irregular edges at middle, and the apical 
fourth piceous. Prosternum obtuse, not distinctly margined at tip. Claws serrate. 
Length .18 inch: 4.5 mm. 

The sexual characters are as in intersectus. 

This species has a far wider distribution than the preceding, occuring 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 129 

from Michigan and New York to Louisiana and Texas, extending to 
Arizona and the Peninsula of California. The more northern specimens 
are more shining and smaller with the elytra always paler. In the Texas 
region the specimens are somewhat less shining with darker color. 

T. latipcilll is Lee. — Head piceous, surface bronzed, front with a slight 
arcuate impression each side, the anterior supra-orbital puncture unusually deep. 
Eyes rather prominent. Antennae testaceous. Thorax colored as the head, less 
than twice as wide as long, apex and base equal, margin slightly reflexed, sides 
arcuate in front, rather strongly sinuate posteriorly, hind angles acute but not 
prominent, apical arcuate impression distinct, in front of which the surface is 
longitudinally wrinkled, median impression moderately deep, on each side of disc 
a punctiform impression, basal margin longitudinally wrinkled. Elytra broadly 
oval, very little longer than wide, striate, the striae indistinctly punctured, inter- 
vals slightly convex, dorsal punctures as in intersectus but each one situated more 
anteriorly : color yellowish testaceous with an irregular undulating fascia at middle 
composed of small piceous spots, the apex for a short distance piceous. Body be- 
neath piceo-testaceous. Legs testaceous. Presternum slightly protuberant at tip 
and distinctly margined. Claws simple. Length .20 — .22 inch; 5— 5.5 mm. 

Male. — The anterior tarsi have three joints very distinctly dilated and squamu- 
lose beneath, the middle tarsi narrowly dilated with joints 2 — 4 squamulose 
beneath, the first joint only at tip. The anal segment is feebly emarginate at 
middle and the margin on each side has but one setigerous puncture. 

Female. — The tarsi are not dilated. The anal segment entire and with one seta 
each side as in the male. 

It may be observed in this species that the spurs of the tibiae are 
less distinctly serrulate than in the two preceding species, the anterior 
tibial spur especially so. The general appearance of this species is that 
of a broad fasciatiis. 

There seems very little doubt in my mind that Chaudoir is correct 
in merely guessing that this species should be referred to Peronoscelis. 
It should probably be placed near undatus and mexicanus. 
Occurs in Texas. 

T. pallidum Horn. — Pale rufo-testaceous, subopaque. Head impunctate, 
without impressions, eyes not prominent. Antennae testaceous. Thorax less than 
twice as wide as long, sides moderately arcuate in front, oblique and very slightly 
sinuate behind, hind angles rectangular, not prominent, disc with a finely im- 
pressed median line and without lateral foveae. Elytra oblong-oval, finely striate, 
striae not punctured, intervals nearly flat, dorsal punctures not evident. Body 
beneath smooth, presternum obtuse at tip, not margined. Claws simple. Length 
.18— .20 inch; 4.5—5 mm. 

Male. — Sexual characters as in latipennis. 

Female. — As in latipennis. 

In this species the mentum tooth is broader and less acute than in 
those which precede. 

I have seen but two specimens of this species, one 9 from the south- 
ern district of California, the other from Camp (J rant, Arizona. 

TRANS. AMUR. ENT. S0C. X. (33) AUGUST, 1882. 



130 • GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

NE9IOTARSUS Lee. 

This genus contains but one species resembling at first sight some of 
the varieties of Lebia scapularis. The head is rather suddenly narrowed 
behind the large eyes and the neck is narrow. The thorax is broadest 
at base which is arcuately truncate, the lateral margin gradually broader 
from apex to base. Color yellowish testaceous, elytra piceous with an 
oval spot near the base, and the apex testaceous. 

The tibial spurs are long and slender (equalling very nearly the first, 
tarsal joint), their margins not serrulate. The tarsi are slender and long, 
the first joint equalling the next two, fourth joint simple. Ungues with 
long pectination. 

One species occurs in our fauna. 

W. elegailS Lee. — Length .20 — .22 inch; 5 — 5.5 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi feebly dilated, the first three joints finely biseriately 
squamulose beneath. Middle tarsi slender. Anal segment with one seta each side. 
Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment bisetose. 

LEBIA Latr. 

Since the revision of our native species published by me (Trans. Am. 
Ent. Soc. iv, p. 130), but one species has been described, (L. rhodopus 
Schwarz, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1878, p. 35-4 == viridis Say), and one 
Mexican species observed in Texas, L. biteeniata Chev. This belongs 
in our series near pulchella. It is pale rufo-testaceous, antennae piceous 
the basal two joints pale, legs piceous, the bases of the femora pale. 
Elytra violaceous, with a yellow band in front of middle, arcuate to the 
front on each elytron, and another narrower apical band leaving only the 
sutural angle violaceous. Length .22 inch ; 5.5 mm. 

In regard to the other species mentioned in our lists very little 
need be said. 

L. ruficollis Lee. is probably merely a variety of cyanipennis Dej., simi- 
lar variations in color have been observed in the species of Tecnophilus. 

L. frigida Chaud. does not present any characters separating it 
specifically from fuscata Dej. 

L. divisa Lee. which has the elytra blue, the basal third red, head 
and thorax of same color, should probably be referred to the group 
known as Lamprias in the European fauna. I have seen three speci- 
mens all of which are females. 

The genera into which Chaudoir has divided Lebia seem for the most 
part not only unnecessary but untenable. In a review of our genera of 
Carabidae I have attempted to demonstrate by dissection that all the 
genera have distinct epilobes developed however in a varying degree, 
hence any division founded on their supposed absence is untenable. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 131 

The four genera into which our species have been divided may be 
retained as sub-generic divisions on the following basis : 

Anterior tarsi of male somewhat obliquely dilated Loxopeza. 

Anterior tarsi of male not obliquely dilated. 

Mentuni with a distinct tooth Lebia. 

Mentum not or merely obtusely toothed. 

Head not suddenly constricted behind the eyes Dianchomena. 

Head suddenly constricted Aphelogenia. 

These differences become so vague that it is not always easy to 
determine with certainty the generic position of a species. 

COPTODERi Dej. 

In this genus the ligula proper is rather narrow, bisetose at tip, the 
paraglossae membranous, wide, prolonged beyond the tip of the ligula, 
their apices in contact or even overlapping. The mentum is broadly 
and rather deeply emarginate without tooth. The terminal joints of the 
palpi are somewhat fusiform. The labruin is large almost concealing the 
mandibles. Antennas with the first three joints and the base of the 
fourth glabrous. The head is not narrowed behind the eyes. Middle 
of base of thorax very slightly lubed. Tibial spurs normal in length. 
Tarsi slender, pubescent above, first joint as long as the next two, fourth 
feebly emarginate. Ungues pectinate. 

One species occurs within our territory. 

C aerata r>ej. — Piceous, elytra bluish-green. Length .24-.26 inch ; 6-6.5 mm. 
Male. — Anterior tarsi feebly dilated, first three joints biseriately squamulose. 
Middle tibiae distinctly emarginate on the inner side near the tip, the tarsi 
slender. Anal segment bisetose each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Middle tibia not emarginate. Anal segment as in 
the male. 

The tibial character above noted is usual in Lebia. The present is 
the only other instance in which I have observed it. 
Occurs in the Middle and Southern States. 

PHLIEOXENA Chaud. 

The characters are very nearly those of Coptodera. The ligula is 
quadrisetose in front, the paraglossaa prolonged and slender at tip. 
The genus does not seem composed of very homogeneous material as 
one species is added for want of a better position and our own has no 
mentum tooth as required by the diagnosis. Almost the entire fourth 
antennal joint is glabrous. 

One species occurs in our fauna. 

P. signata Dej. {Coptodera). — Head piceous. Thorax testaceous with a 
median piceous spot more or less defined. Elytra piceous with an undulating 
fascia posteriorly, and an irregular dentate band more or less interrupted, broad 



i:>2 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

at the lateral margin, behind the base, testaceous. Legs testaceous. Length 
.22— .24 inch; 5.5— 6 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with three joints slightly dilated and beneath biseriately 
squamulose. Anal segment with one seta each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment bisetose each side. 
Occurs in the Gulf States and the Carolinas. 

DROmil S Bon. 

This genus is typical of a group, called by Chaudoir the Dromiides, 
which seems very closely related to his Callidides as both groups are 
defined. In examining the ligula it will be observed that all the genera 
have that member bordered in front by a membrane which is an exten- 
sion of the paraglossae, incomplete however in Metabletus. Dromius 
makes an exception, there is no membranous border whatever, at least 
in D. piceus. 

In Dromius the palpi are slender, the tarsi slender with the fourth 
joint not bilobed nor emarginate, the ungues more or less serrate and 
the mentum without tooth. 

In our fauna but two species occur, very dissimilar in their general 
aspect and almost generically distinct. In Europe the species are moder- 
ately numerous and in form other characters supply the missing links in 
our small series. They are : 

Entirely piceous. Thorax broader than long, trapezoidal. Elytra nearly parallel, 
humeri distinct, body winged. Palpi distinctly pubescent pice IIS Dej. 

Pale testaceous, head black. Form slender. Thorax a little longer than wide, 
very narrowly margined. Elytra elongate, gradually broader behind, humeri 
obliterated, body apterous. Palpi not distinctly pubescent atriceps Lee. 

D. piceus Dej. — Piceous, moderately shining. Head distinctly longitudi- 
nally wrinkled above the eyes. Thorax trapezoidal, wider than long, narrower 
at base, sides moderately arcuate and margined, the margin moderately reflexed, 
hind angles obtuse, median line nearly entire, surface slightly, transversely 
wrinkled. Elytra oblong, parallel, surface striate, striae not distinctly punctured, 
intervals slightly convex, dorsal punctures not evident. Body beneath piceous, 
smooth. Length .26 — .30 inch; 6.5 — 7.5 mm. 

Male. — The anterior tarsi of the male are slightly dilated, the first three joints 
biseriately lamellate beneath. The anal segment is slightly emarginate at middle 
and on each side are three setigerous punctures. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment plurisetose each side. 

This species extends from the Atlantic region to the Pacific by the 
northern line. In the eastern region it does not appear to extend further 
south than North Carolina. 

D. atriceps Lee. — Pale yellowish testaceous, head nearly black. Head 
smooth. Thorax trapezoidal, as long as wide, slightly narrowed behind, sides 
feebly arcuate in front and very narrowly margined, hind angles obtuse, median 
line rather deeply impressed, surface smooth. Elytra broader behind, humeri 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 133 

rounded, surface very obsoletely striate at middle, smooth externally. Body 
beneath smooth, shining. Length .16 inch; 4 mm. 

The two specimens I have seen seem to be females, the anal segment 
is bisetose each side. 

The specimen in the cabinet of Dr. LeConte has a transverse dark 
fascia the anterior border of which is in front of the middle of the 
elytra and straight, the posterior border is concave so that the fascia 
is twice as broad at the lateral margin as at the suture. 

Occurs in Georgia and Louisiana. Seems to be closely related to 
D. sigma of Europe. 

APRISTUS Chaud. 

A genus composed of small black species differing from all our 
Dromiide genera by the simple, slender claws. The mentum is toothed, 
the ligula small, cordiform and quadrisetose in front, completely sur- 
rounded by its paraglossae. The thorax is truncate at base. 

The species occuring in our fauna are as follows : 

Elytral striae deeply impressed, those at the sides more feebly. Thorax a little 

wider than long. 

Hind angles of thorax acute, slightly prominent, the lateral margin a little 

broader and more reflexed posteriorly. Median line of thorax deep and 

reaching the basal margin. Intervals of elytra rather strongly convex. 

Surface color nearly always black cordicollis Lee. 

Hind angles c^ thorax rectangular not prominent, the lateral margin not wider 
behind. Median line fine, usually not attaining the basal margin. Intervals 

moderately convex. Surface bronzed subsulcatus Dej. 

Elytral strise feeble, those at the sides nearly obsolete. Thorax about one-fourth 
wider than long. 
Hind angles of thorax rectangular not prominent, margin not wider behind. 
Median line deeply impressed at middle and very faintly reaching the basal 

margin. Color slightly bronzed , laticollis Lee. 

As the essential characters of the three species are rather fully 
given in the table the following short notes will supply what is con- 
sidered necessary. 

A. cordicollis Lee— This species is larger than subsulcatun, the elytra 
flatter and the intervals decidedly more convex. The surface color is black with 
a slight tinge of blue. Length .14— .16 inch; 3.5 — 4 mm. 

Male. — Three joints of anterior tarsi distinctly dilated and densely biseriately 
squamulose beneath. Anal segment with one seta each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment with one seta each side. 
. Occurs in the Middle States and Canada. 

A. substllcatus Dej. — The surface color is piceous rather than black with 
a tendency in the elytra to become brown. The thorax has the sides less arcuate 
in front, less sinuate behind and is consequently less cordiform than in the pre- 
ceding species. Length .12 — .14 inch; 3 — 3.5 mm. 
Occurs from Canada to Texas and New Mexico. 

(34) 



134 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

A. lal icol lis Lee. — The surface is slightly bronzed but much more shining 
than in either of those which precede. The thorax is rather wider, the strise less 
deep and those at the side almost entirely obliterated. Length .12 inch; 3 mm. 

Occurs in Oregon, California and Arizona. 

BLECHRUS Motsch. 

This genus is composed of a small number of black shining species 
differing from the allied genera either by the slightly lobed base of 
thorax, the mentum not toothed or the claws serrate. The ligula proper 
is small and bisetose at tip, the paraglossae rather wide and completely 
surrounding the ligula. In examining the illustrations of the mouth 
parts (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ix, pi. viii, figs. 8G, 87, 88, 89, 90), it will 
be observed that Blechrus and Axinopalpus have the ligula bisetose in 
front, Apristus and Metabletus quadrisetose and Dromius sexsetose. 

The species of Blechrus are as follows : 

Thorax very distinctly wider than long, broadest about one-third from apex. 

Elytra faintly substriate at middle - iligriuus Mann. 

Thorax not wider than long, widest immediately behind the apex. 
Elytra almost smooth. 

Elytra longer than head and thorax, sides nearly parallel lucidus Lee. 

Elytra not longer, sides distinctly arcuate pusio Lee. 

B. iiigrillUS Mann. - Form moderately elongate, depressed, black, shining. 
Head microscopically alutaceous. Thorax about one-fourth wider than long, 
sides moderately arcuate in front, slightly sinuate posteriorly, the hind angles 
rectangular, disc moderately convex, the median line deeply impressed but not 
entire, the surface very finely transversely strigose. Elytra oblong, nearly parallel, 
one-third longer than the head and thorax, disc obsoletely striate near the suture, 
smooth at the sides. Body beneath smooth shining. Legs black. Length .12 — 
.14 inch; 3 — 3.5 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with three joints feebly dilated, indistinctly lamellate 
beneath. Anal segment with one juncture each side. 

Female. Tarsi slender, anal segment with one puncture each side. 
This species has a distribution from New York to California by 
the northern line through Canada, the larger specimens occurring in 
Vancouver. It will be observed in many specimens that, owing to 
the thinness of the elytra and their disposition to curl, the. form is 
apparently more elongate. From a comparison under the microscope 
I can see no differences between the forms from California and those 
from Lako Superior. 

B. lucidus Lee. — Form and color of nignnus, differing only as follows : 
Thorax as long as wide, widest immediately behind the apical angles, hind angles 
small not prominent. Elytra parallel, nearly without any traces of stria;, the 
surface microscopically transversely strigose. Length .10 — .12 inch; 2.5 — 3 mm. 

Sexual characters as in nigrinus. 
Occurs in Kansas, Nevada, Oregon and California. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 135 

B. pusio Lee. — Smaller than lucidus with the thorax more narrowed at base 
and the hind angles less distinct. The elytra are not longer than the head and 
thorax, the sides distinctly arcuate. The median line of thorax is also much less 
impressed. Length .08 inch; 2 mm. 

This is the smallest member of the truncatipenne series in our fauna. 

Occurs from Ohio to Texas. 

METABLETITS Sehmidt-Goebel. 
This genus contains in our fauna but one species. The thorax is 
slightly lobed at base, the-mentum with a small emarginate toqth, the 
claws serrate. The ligula is moderately prominent, elongate-oval, with 
five short setae in front and four at the tip, the intermediate two short 
the outer two long. The paraglossae are broad, a little longer than 
the ligula but closely united with it, obtuse at tip and not passing in 
front of the ligula. 

M. americamis Dej. — Black, shining, with an extremely faint seneous 
tinge. Head smooth, shining. Thorax a little less than twice as wide as long, 
sides arcuate in front, slightly sinuate posteriorly, hind angles distinct, not 
prominent, margin very narrow, disc slightly convex, median line rather deeply 
impressed, not entire, surface smooth, shining, slightly opaque along the base. 
Elytra oval, scarcely wider posteriorly, apex distinctly truncate, disc very vaguely 
substriate, two dorsal punctures very faint. Body beneath almost entirely smooth. 
Length .10— .12 inch; 2.5—3 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with three joints moderately dilated and feebly biseriately 
lamellate beneath. Anal segment entire with one seta each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment as in male. 

This species bears considerable resemblance to Blechrus nigrinus 
but the generic characters readily distinguish it. I do not find that 
M. borealis Zimm. differs essentially from americanus. 

This insect is found from Vermont to British Columbia and northward 
to Hudson's Bay Territory. 

AXINOPAL.PUS Lee. 

Mentum emarginate, distinctly toothed. Ligula (proper) triangular, 
bisetose at apex, the paraglossse narrow and bordering it in front, the 
palpi rather thick the last joint oval subsecuriform, the maxillary palpi 
slender and long, the terminal joint cylindrical and acutely prolonged 
at tip. Thorax truncate at base. Tarsal claws distinctly serrate in 
biplagiatus or very indistinctly in fusciceps. 

It will be observed that this genus differs in many important particulars 
from each of the Dromiide genera which precede and from all of them 
collectively by the form of the palpi. The ungues have been called 
simple in fusciceps but an examination shows the base of each claw 
to have rarely more than one serration while in. biplagiatus there are 
two or three. 



136 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

Two species occur in our fauna. 

Piceous, elytra with an oblique testaceous stripe from the humeri. 

biplagiatus Dej. 
Testaceous, head piceous fusciceps Lee. 

A. biplagiatus Dej. — Piceous, shining. Antennae, legs and oblique stripe 
of elytra pale. Head very finely alutaceous. Thorax less than twice as wide 
as long, slightly cordate, sides arcuate, sinuate near the hind angles which are 
rectangular but not prominent, disc slightly convex, median line distinctly. 
imj>ressed and entire, surface smooth. Elytra flat, oval, a little broader behind, 
apex truncate, disc obsoletely striate at middle; the oblique pale vitta starts from 
the humerus toward the suture and extends parallel with the latter beyond the 
middle. Body beneath smooth, shining. Length .12 inch; 3 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with three joints slightly dilated, feebly lamellate beneath. 
Anal segment slightly notched at middle, a single seta each side. 

Female. —Tarsi slender. Anal segment entire, one seta each side. 
I fully agree with Dr. LeConte in uniting californicus with this 
species. It affords another instance of the transcontinental distribution 
of a species along our northern border. 

Occurs from the New England States to California. 

A. fusciceps Lee. — Yellowish testaceous, head piceous or nearly black. 
Head finely alutaceous. Thorax about one-half wider than long, slightly nar- 
rowed at base, sides moderately arcuate, somewhat sinuate in front of the hind 
angles which are rectangular and slightly prominent, disc moderately convex, 
median line impressed nearly entire, the subapical and antebasal transverse 
impressions distinct, surface smooth. Elytra oval, a little wider behind, disc 
slightly convex, vaguely substriate, more distinctly near the suture. Body be- 
neath smooth, shining. Length .12 inch ; 3 mm. 

Sexual characters as above. 

As biplagiatus follows a complete line of transcontinental distribution 
so this occurs over a shorter line extending from Texas to southern 
California, following the line which Dr. LeConte has already noticed for 
so many species which occur in the Peninsula of California. 

TECNOPHILU§ Chaud. 

The species referred to this genus were in times past placed in 
Philotecnus until removed by Chaudoir, (Bull. Mosc. 1877, i, p. 240). 
The latter genus is said to be identical with Cymindoidea. In the 
present essay I will not attempt to determine 1 the value of the new genus 
created for our species and will merely state that as far as a comparison 
with our genera is concerned it is undoubtedly valid. 

The characters of the genus have already been referred to in the 
preceding volume of these Transactions and sufficiently detailed figures 
given of the mouth parts. There is no need, therefore, of repeating 
here except to call attention to the fact that it is one of the few genera 
of the tribe in our fauna with simple ungues. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 137 

There are five species recognized by Chaudoir, one of them pro- 
visional. In order that the student may be in possession of the data 
on which Chaudoir bases his recognition of these species the following 
facts are presented. 

T. nigricollis Lee, one specimen presented by Dr. LeConte. 

T. Pilatei Chd., one specimen said to be from Texas. 

T. ruficollis Lee, no type from the author; two other specimens 
which seem to differ a little from the description and cause Chaudoir 
to suggest provisionally the name 

T. glabrlpennis Chd. 

T. croceicollis Men., not seen at all by Chaudoir. 

From the above it will be seen that from four specimens two of which 
belong to one species, enough has been learned to admit the validity of 
four species and to suggest the possibility of a fifth. 

My own cabinet, with that of Dr. LeConte, contains eighteen speci- 
mens. I have examined about half as many more from other cabinets 
and have become convinced that there is but one species variable princi- 
pally in color. The study in detail is as follows : 

Var. Pilatei Chd. — Head and thorax above and beneath red, also 
the meso- and metasternum, legs and antennas. Elytra bright blue or 
greenish-blue, abdomen piceous. This form has the thorax a little less . 
arcuate on the sides. 

Var. ruficollis Lee. — Head and thorax above and beneath red. 
Antennas brownish. Meso- and metasternum at middle reddish at 
sides piceous, abdomen piceous. Legs piceous, brownish-red at base 
of femora. 

Var. croceicollis Men. — Colored as in ruficollis except that the head 
becomes brown deepening in color to piceous. The metasternum entirely 
piceous. Legs piceous. 

Var. Colored as in croceicollis with the thorax becoming 

gradually browner. 

Var. nigricollis Lee. — In this variety the elytra are of a deep violet- 
blue, the change from the brilliant blue observed in Pilatei having 
progressed gradually from that variety to the present. Here the head 
and thorax above and beneath and the under side of the body, legs 
and antennas are piceous becoming shining black. 

Var. glabrlpennis Chaud. — This name was suggested for two speci- 
mens of ruficollis from which the fine pubescence of the elytra had 
been removed. 

TRANS. AMER. EST. SOO. X. (35) AUGUST, 1882. 



138 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

In my opinion but one species exists in our fauna : 

T. croceicollis Menet.— Length .24— .32 inch ; 6—8 mm. 

Male. — The anterior tarsi are slightly dilated the first three joints biseriately 
lamellate beneath. The middle tarsi are scarcely at all dilated and with traces 
of lamellae on the second and third joints only. The anal segment has one seta 
each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender hairy beneath. Anal segment with two setae each side. 
Occurs on the Pacific coast from San Diego to Oregon, thence east- 
ward to Montana, Utah and possibly Texas. 

EUPROCTUS Solier. , 

Mentum emarginate, without tooth, epilobes not prominent. Ligula corneous, 
cuneiform, truncate and quadrisetose at apex, paraglossse membranous, prolonged 
across the 'front of the ligula and ciliate, palpi with terminal joint somewhat 
triangular. Maxillary palpi with last joint as in the labial. Labrum transverse, 
not emarginate in front. Mandibles with distinct scrobe externally. Antennae 
with the first three and the base of the fourth joint glabrous. Head gradually 
narrowed behind the eyes to a neck. Thorax truncate at base, slightly oblique 
near the hind angles which are slightly reflexed. Tarsi slightly flattened above, 
somewhat pubescent, the first joint of the posterior not as long as the next three, 
fourth joint on all the feet deeply bilobed. Ungues pectinate. 

Notwithstanding that Chaudoir places Euproctus in the Callidides and 
TecnopMlus in an uncharacterized group Mimodromiides, there does not 
seem any valid reason for separating them very remotely. 

One species occurs in our fauna. 

Eu. trivittatlis Lee. (Onola). — Bright rufo-testaceous, elytra with a common 
sutural vitta expanded slightly at middle and a submarginal band extending along 
the apex to the suture, piceous. Length .20 inch ; 5 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi feebly dilated, the first three joints biseriately lamellate- 
papillose, the fourth pubescent. Anal segment with one seta each side. 

Female. — Tarsi pubescent beneath. Anal segment bisetose each side. 
Collected by Mr. A. Bolter in Florida, at Fort Capron. 

CALLIDA Dej. 

This genus is one of the largest in the truncatipenne series, Chaudoir 
recognizing very nearly one hundred species after separating a number 
of genera of very doubtful value. 

The species in our fauna, although not numerous, have not escaped 
division and the two genera are separated by characters which seem to 
have very feeble value and are as follows : 

Callida. — Tarsi with a median groove on the upper side more or 
less apparent. In the male the anterior tarsi are always, the middle 
very often dilated, the joints beneath biseriately lamellate-papillose, in 
the middle tarsi the lamellae are always wanting on the first joint, and 
sometimes on all the joints. 

Spongoloba. — Tarsi neither sulcate nor impressed. In the male 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 139 

the first three joints of the anterior tarsi are lamellate-papillose, the 
middle tarsi with the first joint, sometimes the second also biseriately 
lamellate, third joint spongy. 

Chaudoir further adds concerning the species of the latter genus, 
" These species which seem to me should not remain in the genus 
Callida for the reasons above given and because their facies-is quite 
different, appear to make the transition to the genus Philophyga, of 
which they have somewhat the form, being however more elongated.'" 

It needs only to be stated that G. decora is for Chaudoir a Callida 
and C. punctata a Spongoloba to convince the majority of American 
students that any great difference of facies does not exist. 

Our species are not numerous and may be separated in the following 
manner : 

Upper side of tarsi flattened and more or less distinctly sulcate or impressed. 
Body above uniformly colored. 

Color piceous or castaneous, feebly striate platynoides Horn. 

Piceous, elytra with slight cupreous tinge pluiiulata Lee. 

Bright blue or green \ iridipennis Say. 

Body above bicolored ; thorax red, elytra blue or green decora Fab. 

Upper side of tarsi convex, not sulcate or impressed. 

Body above bicolored ; thorax red, elytra blue or green punctata Lee. 

Body bright blue or green. 

Elytra distinctly longer than the head and thorax, their surface moderately 

striate with slightly convex intervals fulgida Dej. 

Elytra not longer than head and thorax, their surface very finely striate with 

flat intervals purpurea Say. 

In addition to the above C. rubricollis Dej., a Cuban species is said 
by Chaudoir to occur in our fauna. We have never seen any native 
specimens. 

C platynoides n. sp. — Form moderately elongate, piceo-testaceous or 
castaneous, head and thorax somewhat paler than the elytra, shining without 
trace of metallic surface lustre. Head very sparsely punctulate, front on each 
side impressed, exteriorly to which the surface is longitudinally wrinkled. 
Antennae brownish. Thorax as broad as long, widest in front of middle, sides 
arcuate in front, feebly sinuate posteriorly the angles rectangular, lateral margin 
rather wide and slightly reflexed, disc slightly convex, median line distinctly 
impressed, surface feebly transversely wrinkled and with few punctures along 
the apical margin, the sides and median line. Elytra oblong, subparallel, striae 
finely impressed, indistinctly punctulate, intervals nearly flat finely sparsely 
punctulate. Dorsal punctures on the third interval, the anterior slightly in front 
of the middle, the posterior at apical third. Body beneath nearly smooth, a few 
punctures at the sides of the metasternum. Length .42 — .50 inch ; 10.5 — 12.5 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi moderately dilated the first three joints biseriately squamu- 
lose beneath, the fourth joint nearly naked. Middle tarsi with first joint hairy, 
second and third biseriately squamulose, fourth nearly naked. Anal segment 
with one setigerous puncture each side. 



140 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

Female. — The anterior and middle tarsi are nearly as widely dilated as the 
male, the first three joints hairy beneath, the fourth less hairy. Anal segment 
each side bipunctate. 

This is the largest species in our fauna and the only one without any 
trace of metallic surface lustre. The general appearance at first sight 
recalls the bicolor variety of Platynus brunneomarginatus or Pinacodera 
platicollis. It is probably closely allied to C. brunnea Dej., from the 
vicinity of the City of Mexico, the female is however described as having 
the tarsi spongy beneath. 

Occurs in the mountains east of Yisalia, California, also in south- 
western Utah. 

It is remarkable that California should furnish two brownish species in 
adjacent genera in which all the other species are more or less metallic. 

C. plan ii lata Lee. — Form moderately elongate, pieeous, elytra with cupreo- 
violaceous surface lustre, the sides slightly greenish. Head smooth, front vaguely 
impressed each side. Antennae brownish. Thorax about as wide as long, broadest 
at middle the sides arcuate, very slightly sinuate in front of the hind angles which 
are rectangular, lateral margin slightly reflexed, very narrow in front, gradually 
wider posteriorly, disc slightly convex, the median line broadly and deeply 
impressed, surface slightly wrinkled laterally and with a few punctures at apex, 
along the median line and at the sides. Elytra oblong-oval, rather deeply striate, 
the strise very finely punctured, intervals convex and with very few punctures. 
Dorsal punctures as in the preceding species. Body beneath pieeous, shining and 
nearly smooth. Length .44 inch; 11 mm. 

Male. — Unknown. 

Female. — Anterior tarsi slightly dilated, the first four joints spongy beneath. 
Middle tarsi less dilated, first joint hairy the next three spongy. Anal segment 
with four punctures each side. 

I have seen but one specimen, that described by Dr. LeConte from 
the Berlandiere collection the localities of which are not accurately stated. 
The specimen may have been taken in Mexico or Texas. 

Chaudoir (Annales Belg. 1872, p. 120), describes C. metallescens from 
Vera Cruz, Mexico, which may be identical with planulata. 

C. % iridipeiinis Say. — Form elongate, color bright bluish-green, elytra 
usually margined with cupreous. Antennas pieeous, three basal joints paler. 
Legs pieeous. Vertex smooth, front impressed each side and rugulose. Thorax 
a little longer than wide, sides very feebly arcuate, widest a little in front of 
middle, margin narrow, a little wider posteriorly, hind angles rectangular not 
prominent, disc moderately convex, median line impressed, a little deeper pos- 
teriorly, surface very sparsely punctulate and obsoletely wrinkled. Elytra oblong, 
the sides very feebly arcuate, disc striate, the stripe very finely punctulate, inter- 
vals slightly convex, obsoletely sparsely punctulate. Body beneath pieeous with 
slight metallic lustre, surface nearly smooth. Length .36 — .40 inch; 9 — 10 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi moderately dilated, the first three joints biseriately Lamel- 
late beneath, the fourth joint spongy. Middle tarsi less dilated, similarly clothed. 
Anal segment with one puncture each side. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 141 

Female. — Anterior and middle tarsi less dilated than in the male, the first three 
joints pubescent, the fourth somewhat spongy. Anal segment bisetose each side. 
Occurs in the Gulf States from Florida to Texas. 

C. decora ...Fab. — Form slender, body beneath bicolored. above, head and 
thorax green or blue, thorax yellowish-red. Legs yellow, the tips of the femora 
and tarsi piceous. Antennae piceous, three or four basal joints testaceous. Head 
smooth, front arcuately impressed each side and slightly rugose. Thorax as broad 
or a little broader than long, widest in front of middle, sides arcuate in front, 
slightly sinuate posteriorly, the angles rectangular sometimes slightly prominent, 
lateral margin narrow, equal from base to apex, narrowly reflexed, disc moderately 
convex, median line impressed, surface nearly smooth, a few punctures along the 
apical and lateral margins. Elytra oblong, sides feebly arcuate, striae very fine 
and finely punctured, intervals very flat and finely sparsely punctulate, dorsal 
punctures as in planulata. Body beneath smooth, the head and abdomen piceous, 
the remainder of the body yellowish-red. Length .28 — .34 inch; 7 — 8.5 mm. 

Male. — The first three joints of the anterior tarsi are biseriately lamellate be- 
neath, the fourth somewhat spongy, the middle tarsi with first joint setose, second 
and third lamellate, fourth spongy. Anal segment bipunctate each side. 

Female. — Anterior and middle tarsi more slender than the male and pubescent 
beneath. Anal segment trisetose each side. 

This species closely resembles punctata but has a wider thorax with 
a more distinct margin. The impressed tarsi will also distinguish the 
present species. 

As synonyms of this species I place cordicollis Putz. described from 
Mexico and cyanoptera Lee. from Texas, these two are certainly the 
same and differ from decora merely in having the elytra more blue. 
Occurs in the Gulf States and Mexico. 

C punctata Lee — Form slender, colored as in decora. Head and antennas 
as in decora. Thorax not longer than the head, a little longer than wide, widest 
a little in front of middle, sides arcuate, slightly sinuate posteriorly, the hind 
angles obtuse, lateral margin extremely narrow, disc convex, median line dis- 
tinctly impressed, surface transversely wrinkled, a few punctures near the apex. 
Elytra oblong gradually broader posteriorly, surface finely striate, striae punctate, 
intervals flat, obsoletely sparsely punctate. Body beneath and legs as in decora. 
Length .28— .30 inch; 7 — 7.5 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi dilated, first three joints biseriately squamulose beneath, 
the fourth nearly naked, middle tarsi less dilated the first joint hairy beneath, 
second and third squamulose, fourth spongy. Anal segment bisetose each side. 

Female. — Tarsi less dilated than in the male, with stiff hairs beneath. Anal 
segment bipunctate each side. 

This species closely resembles decora but the thorax is much narrower 
and the margin extremely narrow. I see no reason why Chaudoir pre- 
ferred to compare it with smaragdina (— purpurea). 
Occurs in Michigan, Ohio, Louisiana and Kansas. 

C fulgida Dej. — Form moderately elongate, color bright metallic greenish- 
blue. Antennae piceous, first three joints and the basal half of the fourth testa- 
ceous. Head nearly smooth, front with a vague impression each side and slightly 

(36) 



142 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

wrinkled. Thorax a little longer than wide, widest at middle, base a little nar- 
rower than apex, sides moderately arcuate, very feebly sinuate in front of the 
hind angles which are obtuse, almost rounded, margin very narrow, disc slightly 
convex, median line moderately deeply impressed, surface obsoletely transversely 
wrinkled, a few obsolete punctures along the apical margin arid sides. Elytra 
oblong, slightly wider posteriorly, longer than the head and thorax, strife moder- 
ately deep, finely puhctulate, intervals slightly convex, sparsely obsoletely punctu- 
late. Body beneath blue, smooth, shining. Length .32 — .40 inch ; 8 — 10 mm. 

Sexual characters as in punctata except that the anal segment of the female 
is tripunctate. 

This species has some resemblance to viridipennis but is more brightly 
colored, has a more narrowly margined thorax and with the base not 
impressed above. 

Occurs in Georgia and Florida. 

C purpurea Say. —Form more robust, as in Philophuga amccna, color deep 
blue or violet varying to green, moderately shining. Antennre as in fulgida. 
Head sparsely punctulate, front vaguely impressed each side and rugulose. 
Thorax as broad as long, base and apex equal, sides arcuate, a very feeble sinua- 
tion in front of the hind angles which are obtuse, margin narrow, a little wider 
posteriorly, disc moderately convex, median line impressed, surface transversely 
wrinkled especially near the sides, a few punctures along the apical margin. 
Elytra oval, slightly oblong, scarcely longer than the head and thorax, a little 
wider posteriorly, sides moderately arcuate, disc finely striate, stria? punctured, 
intervals flat or very slightly convex near the base, sparsely obsoletely punctulate. 
Bod}' beneath smooth, shining. Length .30 — .36 inch; 7.5 — 9 mm. 

Sexual characters as in fulgida. 

For what reason Say's name purpurea has been heretofore applied to 
a species now referred to the genus Philophuga, I can not understand. 
In the Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1823, p. 10, Say describes Cymindis 
purpurea immediately after viridipennis, and of both he says, " penulti- 
mate joint of tarsi bilobate," and in comparing the two species says, 
" in form and magnitude resembles C. viridipennis but is more depressed 
and wider." I think there can be no doubt that this species is the 
true purpurea. .It greatly resembles Philophuga amcena in external 
appearance, but the latter has the fourth tarsal joint emarginate and 
not bilobed. 

Occurs in Michigan, Georgia, Missouri and Kansas. The specimens 
from the latter region are darker blue in color, and I at one time referred 
to them as a probable new species ; they do not differ otherwise. 

PHILOPHUGA Motsch. 

This genus contains those species in our fauna formerly placed in 
Glycia. It is very closely related to Callida and differs in having the 
fourth tarsal joint emarginate, not bilobed. An examination of the ligula 
does not show any reason why Philophuga should be remotely separated 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 143 

from Callida. In the dissections which I have made and figured (Trans. 
Am. Ent. Soc. ix, pi. viii, figs. 93, 94, 95), there will not be found any 
remarkable differences between these genera and no reason is apparent 
why Chaudoir should not have included the present genus in his Callidides. 
It is however treated apart (Bull. Mosc. 1877, i, p. 243), with no sug- 
gestions as to its position, being simply compared with Tecnophilus with 
which it has far less in common than Callida or Plochionus. 
The species at present known are distinguished as follows : 

Body winged, elytra very little narrowed at base. 
Color blue or green. 

Elytral striae fine, not impressed ; head and thorax metallic-green, elytra 

blue or violet , viridicollis Lee. 

Elytral strise deeply impressed on the disc, finer externally; body above 

entirely blue or bluish-green amcena Lee. 

Color castaneous caslanea n. sp. 

Body apterous, elytra narrowed at base. 
Color uniformly bluish or greenish \ iridis Dej. 

P. viridicollis Lee. — Body beneath bluish-green, legs black with slight 
purplish tinge, head and thorax metallic-green, elytra blue. Front each side 
broadly impressed and punctured, vertex and occiput very sparsely punctate. 
Antennse piceous, three basal joints paler. Thorax not wider than long, very 
narrowly margined, sides feebly arcuate and gradually narrowing to base, hind 
angles not prominent, base regularly arcuate; disc moderately convex, median 
and subapical lines distinctly impressed, surface transversely wrinkled and punc- 
tured along the apex, sides and base. Elytra oblong, a little less than twice 
as long as wide at base, surface finely striate, strise punctured, more distinctly 
near the base, more finely and distantly posteriorly, intervals flat, very sparsely 
punctate. Body beneath smooth, a few punctures at the sides of the pro- and 
metasterna. Body winged. Length .40 inch ; 10 mm. 

Male. — The anterior tarsi have four joints very distinctly dilated and biseriately 
lamellate beneath, the middle tarsi are similar but a little less dilated. The anal 
segment is entire and with two setigerous punctures each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment with three punctures. 

I can not understand by what misconception Chaudoir considers this 
species purpurea Say, which is a true Callida, nor am I aware that 
Dr. LeConte has at any time united his amcena with the present 
species. Specimens were sent by me to Chaudoir as stated by him 
and the only explanation of the error may be found in a possible 
confusion of the labels. 

The correct synonymy will be found at the end of the paper. 

Occurs in Texas extending northward to Kansas. 

P. amcena Lee. — Body above and beneath uniformly blue or green, more 
or less metallic, legs black with a tinge of purple. Head oval, front coarsely 
punctured each side, more sparsely on the vertex and occiput. Antennse piceous, 
three basal joints paler. Thorax distinctly wider than long, otherwise similar 



144 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

to viridicollis with the rugre more distinct and the punctures more numerous 
extending on the disc. Elytra about one-fourth longer than wide, not narrowed 
at base, surface striate, the striee moderately impressed on the disc and distinctly 
punctate, intervals slightly convex and sparsely punctulate. Body winged, be- 
neath smooth sparsely punctate at sides of pro- and metasterna. Length .30 — 
.32 inch ; 7.5—8 mm. 

Male. — Tarsal characters as in viridicollis. Anal segment with a very feeble 
emargination at middle and bisetose each side. 

Female. — As in viridicollis. 

In the " List of the Coleoptera of North America," Dr. LeConte places 
this species as a variety of purpurea Say, which is by Say's description 
a true Callida. Chaudoir having confused the matter by considering 
purpurea, viridicollis and amoena synonymous, gave a new name to 
the present species, which any one would recognize as distinct from 
viridicollis, and called it Horni. It bears a very close resemblance to 
Callida purpurea Say, but the latter has the bilobed fourth tarsal joint 
and an obtuse mentum tooth. 

This species occurs from Kansas through Utah and Nevada to 
California. 

P. viridis Dej. — Color uniformly blue or green, more or less metallic. Front 
broadly impressed and punctured each side, vertex smooth, occiput very sparsely 
punctured. Antennae piceous, three basal joints pale. Thorax broader than long, 
somewhat cordiform, sides arcuate in front, distinctly sinuate posteriorly, hind 
angles subacute, somewhat prominent, sculpture similar to viridicollis but much 
smoother on the disc. Elytra very little longer than wide posteriorly, narrowed 
at base, disc with impressed, finely punctured striae, the intervals flat with 
rather coarse but irregularly placed punctures. Body apterous, beneath some- 
what wrinkled but without punctures. Legs black with slight purple tinge. 
Length .30 inch ; 7.5 mm. 

Male. — Sexual characters of amcena. 

Female. — Unknown. 

I have never seen but one specimen of this insect collected in 
Oregon by the late W. M. Gabb. It resembles amoena but differs in 
its more distinctly cordiform thorax, the form of the elytra And the 
apterous body. 

Chaudoir appears to have been more fortunate in obtaining speci- 
mens as he mentions variations of color from blue and green to 
nearly black. 

P. cast ail ea n. sp. — Castaneous, moderately shining. Front with a feeble 
depression each side with few punctures, vertex smooth, occiput very sparsely 
punctulate. Antenna piceo-testaceous. Thorax broader than long, somewhat 
cordate, sides strongly arcuate in front, sinuate posteriorly, hind angles sharply 
rectangular, disc moderately convex, median line finely impressed, apical line 
obsolete, surface punctured along the apex base and sides, the latter somewhat 
wrinkled, middle of disc sparsely punctulate or nearly smooth. Elytra about 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 145 

one-half longer than wide, base slightly narrowed, disc with moderately deeply 
impressed, finely punctured strise, the intervals slightly convex sparsely punctate. 
Body winged, beneath smooth. Length .36 % — .42 9 inch; 9 — 10.5 mm. 

Male. — Tarsal characters of amcena. Anal segment truncate, on each side 
a muricately punctured space from which numerous hairs arise. 
Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment with three setae each side. 

This species has very nearly the form of amcena, the thorax however 
more nearly that of viridis. Its color makes it an odd member of the 
genus, but parallel instances are found in Callida. 

The sexual characters of the male in the anal segment are also at 
variance with the other species, but I have been unable to find any valid 
reason for separating it from Philophuga. 

Two specimens from the high mountains in Kern Co., California. 

PLOCHIONUS Dej. 

Although plainly distinct from Callida, it is by no means an easy 
matter to sharply define the two genera. Chaudoir relies on the quadri- 
setose ligula of Plochionus, bisetose in Callida. The structure of the 
fourth tarsal joint whether bilobed or emarginate does not separate all 
the Plochioni, but it must be admitted that in Callida the lobes are 
longer and more divergent. 

Chaudoir properly separates the species of Plochionus, forming two 
sub-genera which seem nearly parallel with the two genera created at 
the expense of Callida. 

Our species are as follows : 

Fourth tarsal joint emarginate; tarsi flattened above; ungues with short pecti- 
nation pallens Fab. 

Fourth tarsal joint bilobed; tarsi not flattened, more slender; ungues with longer 
pectination. 

Color above uniform, piceous or a little paler timidiis Hald. 

Rufo- testaceous, elytra bicolored. 

Elytra with a submarginal spot and common sutural piceous vitta. 

amauclus Newm. 

Elytra piceous with a narrow margin and large oval discal space rufo- 

testaceous dorsalis n. sp. 

P. pallens Fab. — Piceo-testaceous. Head smooth, a moderately deep im- 
pression each side of the front. Thorax broader than long, base wider than 
apex, sides arcuate in front, obliquely narrowing to the hind angles which are 
rectangular, lateral margin broad, disc feebly convex, median line entire, surface 
obsoletely transversely wrinkled. Elytra deeply striate, strise obsoletely punctu- 
late, intervals slightly convex, sparsely obsoletely punctulate. Body beneath 
smooth, shining. Length .26 — .38 inch; 6.5 — 9.5 mm. 

Male.— Anterior tarsi with four joints moderately dilated, the first three lamel- 
late-papillose beneath, middle tarsi less dilated, with the second and third joints 
lamellate beneath. Anal segment bisetose each side. 

Female. — Tarsi not lamellate. Anal segment as in male. 

TKANS. AMER. ENT. SOO. X. (37) AUGUST, 1882. 



146 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

In this species, as indicated in the table, the tarsi are flattened above 
and subsulcate at middle, the fourth joint simply euiarginate, the ungues 
with rather short pectination, almost serrate. 

This insect has been diffused by commerce over the entire globe and is 
found near all the cities of our seaboard visited by foreign vessels. 

P. I imidiis Hald. — Very similar in form and color to fallens. The thorax 
is rather shorter, the sides more arcuate, the hind angles more sharply rectangular. 
The tarsi are slender, cylindrical, not flattened nor sulcate above, the ungues with 
longer pectination. Length .28 — .30 inch; 7 — 7.5 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi narrowly dilated, the first three joints biseriately squamu- 
lose beneath, middle tarsi less dilated, first joint hairy beneath, the next three 
squamulose. Anal segment bisetose each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment with three or four setfe each side. 
Occurs from Pennsylvania to Texas and California. 

P. amaildns Newm. — Resembles in form that next described (dorsalis), but 
is somewhat larger and narrower. It differs more especially in the mode of elytral 
coloration. There is a common sutural pieeous stripe occupying the inner three 
intervals and a small oval pieeous spot near each side margin a little behind the 
middle. Length .28 inch ; 7 mm. 

I have seen but one specimen, a female, not differing in sexual 
characters from dorsalis, taken in Florida. 

P. dorsalis n. sp.— Bright rufo-testaceous, elytra pieeous with the narrow 
side margin and large discal space rufo-testaceous. Head sparsely obsoletely 
punctulate, front each side impressed. Antennse pale. Thorax transverse, broadest 
at middle, base broader than apex, sides arcuate in front, oblique behind the 
middle, hind angles rectangular but not prominent, lateral margin wide broader 
posteriorly, disc moderately convex, median line entire, surface transversely 
wrinkled. Elytra striate, striae very obsoletely punctulate, intervals slightly 
convex with distant minute punctures. Body beneath and legs bright rufo- 
testaceous, abdomen smooth. Length .26 — .2S inch; 6.5 — 7 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with four joints moderately dilated and biseriately squamu- 
lose beneath, middle tarsi less dilated the first joint setose the next three squamu- 
lose. Anal segment bisetose each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment with three or four setfe each side. 
This species has very closely the form of tlmldus Hald., but differs 
in color. The oval rufo-testaceous spot on the elytra extends to the 
fifth stria on each side and varies very slightly in form in all the 
specimens I have seen. 

Collected by Mr. H. G. Hubbard in Florida. 

PINACODERA Schaura. 

The species here included were separated by Schaum from Cymindis 

from which it differs in having the tarsal joints not hairy above, and by 

the middle tarsi of the male being dilated. The terminal joints of both 

palpi are similar and not securiform, but more or less truncate at tip. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 147 

In addition to these characters it will be observed that all our species 
of Pinacodera have well developed wings, in Cymindis the wings are 
aborted or absent. 

Our species are distinguished as follows : 

Hind angles of thorax obtuse, not prominent. 

Elytral intervals slightly convex in their entire length. Thoracic margin 

narrow, scarcely translucent Iinil>;if;i Dej. 

Elytral intervals flat.' Thoracic margin broad and translucent. 

platicollis Say. 
Hind angles of thorax distinct, slightly prominent. 

Margin of thorax broad, not wider at base than apex punctigera Lee. 

Margin of thorax very narrow in front, a little wider at base. 
Intervals convex at base, flat posteriorly. Thorax distinctly broader than 

long semisulcata n. sp. 

Intervals convex in their entire extent. Thorax not broader than long. 

sulcipeiiuis n. sp. 
In addition to the above number in our fauna Chaudoir has described 
four from Mexico. 

P. limbata Dej. — Piceous, legs, antenna?, humeral spot and sides of elytra 
paler. Head smooth, slightly wrinkled above the eyes. Thorax one-third wider 
than long, sides moderately arcuate and somewhat narrowed to base, hind angles 
very obtuse or rounded, margin rather broad, moderately reflexed and translucent, 
disc moderately convex, median line finely impressed, surface nearly smooth. 
Elytra oval slightly oblong, with fine moderately impressed and obsoletely punctu- 
late stria?, the intervals slightly convex with a few fine punctures very sparsely 
placed, dorsal punctures on the third interval near the third stria; color piceous, 
with testaceous humeral spot which extends along the outer two marginal inter- 
vals to apex. Body beneath piceo-testaceous, smooth. Length .32 — .40 inch ; 
8—10 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with four joints dilated and biseriately lamellate beneath, 
middle tarsi less dilated, similarly lamellate, anal segment with two punctures 
each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment as in male. 

This species is as a general rule smaller than platicollis, the thorax 
with a broader and more translucent margin, and has the humeral 
spot and side margin pale. The hind angle of the thorax is also 
more rounded 

Chaudoir and LeConte mention varieties of this species without the 
humeral spot but I have not met with such, the specimens in the collec- 
tion of LeConte referred to fuscata Dej., (which Chaudoir unites with 
limbata), seem plainly paler forms of platicollis. 
Occurs from the Middle States southward. 

P. platicollis Say. — Piceous, antenna? and legs testaceous. Head with 
a few wrinkles above the eyes and with the vertex very sparsely punetulate. 
Thorax one-third broader than long very little narrowed behind, margin moderate, 
not translucent, distinctly reflexed, bind angles distinct not rounded', disc slightly 



148 GEO. II. HORN, M. D. 

convex, median line finely impressed, surface often slightly wrinkled and with 
a few punctures near the hind angles. Elytra oblong, stria? fine and obsoletely 
punctulate, intervals usually flat and sparsely punctulate, the dorsal punctures as 
in limbata. Body beneath piceous, smooth. Length .36 — .44 inch; 9 — 11 mm. 

Sexual characters as in limbata. 

The convexity of the elytral intervals in the preceding species and 
their flatness in this are not strictly accurate characters for distinguishing 
the two, as specimens occasionally occur which belong unmistakably to 
the present species in which the intervals are slightly convex. It seems 
probable that Planesus fuscicollis Motsch., should be referred to the 
present rather than the preceding species. 

Occurs with the preceding species. 

P. pimctigera. Lee. — Brownish piceous, feebly shining. Head sparsely 
punctate, a few wrinkles over the eyes. Thorax one-third broader than long, 
distinctly narrowed at base, hind angles rectangular, margin rather narrow but 
wider posteriorly and more reflexed, disc slightly convex, median line finely 
impressed from base to apex, surface obsoletely wrinkled and sparsely punctulate. 
Elytra oblong-oval, with fine strise, obsoletely punctulate, the intervals slightly 
convex near the base, flat posteriorly and sparsely punctulate, dorsal punctures as 
in limbata. Body beneath smooth and with the legs rufo-piceous. Length .38 — 
.40 inch; 9.5 — 10 mm. 

Sexual characters as in limbata. 

This species resembles some of the paler forms of platicollis but 
has the hind angles of the thorax more distinct and the surface more 
wrinkled and punctulate. 

Occurs near Fort Yuma, California, and in Arizona. 

P. Slileipt'ililis n. sp. — Piceous, very slightly shining. Head irregularly 
rugose on the front, vertex sparsely punctate. Antennas piceous. Thorax about 
as long as wide, sides moderately arcuate, slightly sinuate posteriorly, hind angles 
acute slightly prominent, margin narrowly reflexed in front, a little wider pos- 
teriorly, disc moderately convex, median line distinctly impressed but not entire, 
subapical impression distinct, surface nearly smooth. Elytra oblong-oval, rather 
deeply striate, the strise not punctured, intervals convex in their entire length 
and without punctures, dorsal punctures very small, placed as in limbata. Body 
beneath piceous, smooth. Legs rufo-piceous. Length .40 inch ; 10 mm. 

Male. — Tarsal characters as in limbata. Anal segment with but one puncture 
each side. 

This species appears related to P. basipunctata Chd. found in Mexico, 
but seems distinct by the elytral sculpture. 

I have seen but one specimen, collected in the Peninsula of California 
by the late W. M. Gabb. 

P. semisulcata n. sp. — Piceous, feebly shining. Head sparsely punctate, 
slightly wrinkled above the eyes. Antennae rufo-piceous. Thorax one-third wider 
than long, sides moderately arcuate, slightly sinuate posteriorly, the hind angles 
distinct and slightly prominent, margin very narrowly reflexed in front, a little 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 1 19 

wider posteriorly, disc slightly convex, median line distinct but not entire, sub- 
apical line obsolete, surface very sparsely punetulate at middle, slightly wrinkled 
at the sides, more distinctly punetulate at base and apex. Elytra oblong-oval, 
finely striate, deeper at base, the striae not distinctly punctured, intervals convex 
in the basal region, then very flat to the apex, the surface not distinctly punctured. 
Body beneath piceous, smooth. Legs piceous. Length .44 inch; 11 mm. 

Male. — Sexual characters as in sulcipennis. 

This species resembles punctigera but has a narrower thoracic margin 
and with differently sculptured elytra. In the latter respect it resembles 
basipunctata Chd., which however seems to have a thorax more nearly 
like our Plochionus. 

One specimen from the Peninsula of California, collected by the late 
W. M. Gabb. 

<VHI\I»IS Latr. 

This genus originally indicated by Latreille was made by that author, 
and many who have followed him, a magazine for very dissimilar 
material, The dismemberment began with Castelnian in 1832, and has 
been continued by Schaum, LeConte and Chaudoir, Pinacodera and 
Apenes. being the result in our fauna. At the time of Chaudoir's 
"Monographic Essay," (Berl. Zeits. 1873), eighty-eight species were 
known, of which fourteen belong to our fauna. This latter number 
must be reduced to ten and from the character of the differences given 
in the descriptions it seems probable that a proportionate reduction should 
be made in the exotic species. 

Our species make a very homogeneous aggregate, no one being in 
any way aberrant. All agree in being apterous and are consecpuently 
terrestrial in their habits. I am not aware of the existence of any 
forms among the exotics with wings, this character being entirely over- 
looked. Apenes and Pinacodera have well developed wings and as far 
as our fauna is concerned we have this as an additional character sepa- 
rating them from Cymindis. 

In our fauna all the species are more or less hairy above, but 
exotic forms, about twenty-five in number, are entirely glabrous, these 
are mostly European. 

The mode of pectination of the tarsal claws is quite constant, varying 
very slightly in the greater or less length of the teeth. The tarsal joints 
are always hairy above, the fourth joint slightly emarginate. 

The species known in our fauna are not numerous but are with 
difficulty separable in tabular form. The following table will assist 
the student but must not be too strictly interpreted without reference 
to the descriptions. 

(38) 



150 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

Thorax widely margined, the margin more or less translucent. 
Interstrial spaces with confused punctures. 

Head and thorax similar in color to the elytra, the latter without distinct 
humeral and lateral paler spaces. 
Margin of thorax of moderate extent, very little reflexed and scarcely 
translucent, with many, usually three or more, setigerous punc- 
tures laticollis Say. 

Margin of thorax wide, translucent, distinctly reflexed, with one or two 

setigerous punctures cribricollis Dej. 

Head and thorax usually paler than the elytra, the latter with distinct 
humeral spot and lateral margin paler, the surface in fully colored 

specimens somewhat metallic, |)laiii|>emiis Lee. 

Interstrial spaces with a single row of punctures clcgans Lee. 

Thorax .arrowly margined. 

Thorax distinctly broader than long, the margin wider than in the follow- 
ing species and with but one setigerous puncture at the side. 

ii ui color Kbv. 
Thorax not wider than long, margin extremely narrow, sides with at least 
two setfe. 
Elytra rather flat, intervals densely and comparatively finely punctured and 

without lustre americana Dej. 

Elytra normally convex, intervals not densely punctured, the punctures often 
coarse, surface shining. 
Thorax ecpially punctured, the median line feebly impressed. 

Thorax very coarsely punctured, the punctures subcontinent at the sides, 

margin rarely with translucent edge ci'ibratu . L< <•. 

Thorax normally not confluently punctured, sides with distinct but 
narrow translucent border. 
Surface conspicuously pubescent, elytra never with humeral pale space. 

pilosa Say. 
Surface not conspicuously pubescent, elytra with pale humeral space. 

borealis Lee. 
Thorax unequally punctured, median line deeply impressed. Elytral inter- 
vals with one row of punctures neglecta Hald. 

C. laticollis Say. — Piceous, moderately shining, elytra often with faint 
bluish tinge, legs and antennae rufo-testaceous. Head coarsely and deeply, not 
densely punctured, middle of front less so. Thorax about one-third wider than 
long, sides arcuate, slightly sinuate posteriorly, hind angles distinct, not promi- 
nent, margin moderate in width, nearly equal from apex to base and slightly 
reflexed, disc moderately convex, median line distinct but not entire, surface 
coarsely and deeply punctured, rather sparsely at middle, more densely at the 
sides and base, with moderately long erect brownish hairs, the margin with usually 
four punctures hearing longer erect setse. Elytra oval, uniformly piceous, with 
semi-erect brownish hairs, those on intervals 3 — 5 — 7 longer, surface rather deeply 
striate, strige with coarse punctures, intervals slightly convex, very irregularly 
biseriately punctulate. Protho'rax beneath coarsely and deeply punctate, body 
and abdomen very sparsely punctate. Length .44 — .4S inch; 11 — 12 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with three joints moderately dilated and biseriately 
squammuligerous. Anal segment slightly einarginate, trisetose each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment entire, trisetose each side. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 151 

From the collection of Baron Chaudoir I obtained a specimen of the 
species named villigera, and find no differences between it and his types 
of laticollis except that the hairs of the surface are better preserved. 

Occurs in Colorado, Texas and New Mexico. 

C cribricollis Dej. — Piceous, legs and antennae rufous. Head coarsely and 
deeply punctured, less densely in the middle of the front. Thorax nearly one- 
third wider than long, base equalling the length, sides arcuate, slightly sinuate 
in front of the hind, angles which are subacute but not prominent, margin broad, 
translucent, equal in width from base to apex, moderately reflexed and with 
a variable number of setigerous punctures, not exceeding three, disc moderately 
convex, median line distinctly impressed, surface coarsely and deeply punctured, 
more sparsely at middle but not very densely at the sides. Elytra oval, usually 
a little broader behind, piceous, very rarely with an indistinct humeral spot and 
pale margin, moderately deeply striate, the striae punctured, intervals usually 
convex and irregularly punctulate. Prothorax beneath coarsely and deeply punc- 
tured, metasternum at sides less coarsely punctured, abdomen sparsely punctured. 
Length .36 — .44 inch; 9 — 11 mm. 

Male.— Anterior tarsi with three dilated joints biseriately lamellate beneath. 
Anal segment feebly emarginate at middle and each side bisetose. 

Female. —Tarsi slender. Anal segment entire, bisetose each side. 

The variations- of this species are not very striking, notwithstanding 
its very wide distribution. In several specimens before me from Maine 
and New Hampshire, the margin of the thorax is rather wider and more 
translucent and the edge less arcuate in outline. There is also a more 
evident paler humeral space and the pale edge of the elytra is quite 
distinct. These can not be considered a distinct species as it is quite 
impossible to draw any line with sufficient sharpness between them and 
the more usual form. As the species approaches the Pacific coast the 
elytra! intervals become somewhat flatter, and the individuals are of an 
average greater size than those of the more eastern regions, this form 
might be considered represented by the name abstrusa Lee. 

The synonymy of this species is also somewhat confused. That 
the species here described is cribricollis Dej., there can be no doubt. 
I fully agree with Dr. LeConte in his determination of marginata Kby., 
as a synonym, for the following reasons : it is the more common species 
of the region from which Kirby's material was collected, corresponds 
closely with the description, and is the only widely margined species 
known to occur there. Chaudoir considers planipennis Lee. ( brevipennis 
Zimm.), identical with Kirby's, which can not be true from the fact that 
the former occurs in the Rocky Mountain region and Oregon, not coming 
east of the Mississippi, moreover Kirby would not haive failed to mention 
the decidedly bluish-green color of the elytra. 

Occurs from Newfoundland through the New England States to 



152 GEO. II. BORN, M. D. 

Canada, Montana, Oregon and Vancouver, and southward along the 
Rocky Mountains to Colorado. I have one specimen from Arizona 
which I refer to this species. 

C planipennis Lee. — Form rather short, piceous or piceo-testaceous be- 
neath, head and thorax usually paler than the elytra which have a distinctly 
metallic surface lustre, the humeri and lateral margins testaceous. Head sparsely 
punctate, the punctures not coarse except over the posterior border of the eyes. 
Thorax one-third wider than long, narrowed at base, sides arcuate, sinuate 
posteriorly, the hind angles distinct not prominent, margin" moderate in width 
and slightly reflexed and with three setigerous punctures, disc convex, shining, 
sparsely punctured and with but few erect hairs, median line distinctly impressed. 
Elytra oval, piceous, surface distinctly metallic, humeral spot and lateral margin 
testaceous, striate, striae finely punctured, intervals very little convex, irregularly 
biseriately punctate, the punctures coarser than those of the striae. Prothorax 
beneath coarsely punctured at the sides, body and abdomen sparsely punctured 
or nearly smooth. Length .30 — .40 inch: 7.5 — 10 mm. 

Male. — Tarsi as in laticollis. Anal segment feebly emarginate with one seta 
each side. 

Ftmale. — Anal segment entire, bisetose each side. 

This species is known among those with wide thoracic margin hy the 
more convex disc of thorax and by the head and thorax paler than the 
elytra, the latter distinctly metallic in the vast majority of specimens. 
The humeral spot and pale margin are present in elegans, but this has 
but one row of interstrial punctures. 
Two varieties of this species occur : 

Var. brevipennis Zimm. — This is the form containing nineteen in twenty speci- 
mens and is that described above. 

Var. planipennis Lee. — Of this I have seen but two specimens. The form is 
essentially the same as the preceding. The color is pale brown with the base of 
the elytra paler, the surface feebly shining without metallic lustre, the strice are 
fine and finely punctured, the intervals flat and indistinctly punctured, the punc- 
tures however larger than those of the striae. 

The synonymy of this species has been confused in a way almost 
impossible to rectify without direct reference to the types. The history 
is as follows : 

The first mention of this species is by Dr. LeConte by whom it was 
considered cribricbllis Dej., (Ann. Lye. iv, p. 186). In the unpublished 
manuscripts of Zimmermann, Dr. LeConte found a description of the pres- 
ent species, that author having detected the incorrectness of the reference 
to cribricoUis. Dr. Zimmermann named the species brevipennis, ( Trans. 
Am. Ent. Soc. 1869, p. 243). In the meantime (New Species 1863, p. 6), 
• Dr. LeConte described the form which I consider merely a southern 
variety under the name planipennis which I retain as the older name. 
Chaudoir erroneously adopts Kirby's name for the species. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 153 

Occurs from Arizona to New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Oregon 
and Vancouver, following the distribution of Melanophila miranda and 
other species. 

C elegans Lee. — Piceous, shining, antennae and legs pale, elytra with 
humeral spot and lateral margin paler. Head coarsely and deeply punctured, 
less closely at the middle of the front. Thorax about one-fifth wider than long, 
base narrower than the length, sides arcuate in front, very slightly sinuate 
in front of the posterior angles which are distinct but not prominent, margin 
moderate in width, scarcely reflexed, with two well marked setae, disc moderately 
convex, median line distinctly impressed, punctures coarse and deep, sparser at 
middle, closer at the sides. Elytra regularly oval, a little wider behind the 
middle, apex not truncate and with very feeble trace of sinuation, surface shining 
with moderately deep finely punctured striae, the intervals fiat with a single row 
of punctures coarser than those of the striae. Prothorax beneath very coarsely 
and deeply punctate. Metasternum at sides less coarsely punctured. Abdomen 
nearly smooth. Length .40 — .46 inch ; 10 — 11.5 mm. 

Sexual characters as in cribricollis. 

This is probably one of the most easily recognizable of all the 
species of the genus. The elytra at tip are more nearly entire than 
any other and approach the form of some Platynus. The margin of 
the thorax is less wide than in any of the species which precede 
but wider than those which follow. It forms in this respect a link 
between the two series. 

Occurs from Massachusetts to Florida and is more common in the 
southern regions. 

C unicolor K by.— Form rather slender, piceous, legs and antennae pale. 
Head coarsely and moderately densely punctured, nearly equally over the entire 
surface. Thorax very little wider than long, somewhat cordate, sides arcuate 
in front, sinuate posteriorly, the hind angles acute and somewhat prominent, 
narrowly margined, the margin reflexed, and with one setigerous puncture, disc 
moderately convex, the median line scarcely evident, surface coarsely, moderately 
densely and equally punctured. Elytra oval slightly broader posteriorly, piceous, 
moderately shining, without humeral pale space except when immature, disc with 
finely punctured striae, the intervals nearly flat, irregularly biseriately punctured. 
Presternum coarsely punctured, sides of metasternum and the inflexed margin 
of the elytra less coarsely punctured. Abdomen sparsely punctured. Length 
.34— .36 inch ; 8.5—9 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with three dilated joints, biseriately lamellate beneath. 
Anal segment entire, bisetose each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment entire, bisetose each side. 

The abdomen although sparsely is much more closely punctured than 
in any of the preceding species. The thoracic margin is wider than 
the following species, much less wider than those which precede and 
not translucent. 

Occurs in Labrador, the New England States, Hudson's Bay Territory 

TUANS. AMER. ENT. SOC. X. (39) SEPTEMBER, 1882. 



154 GEO. H. HORN, M. T>. 

and in Colorado. In the latter region it has been found at an elevation 
of thirteen thousand feet at Argentine Pass. 

C americana Dej.— Piceous, feebly shining, antennae, legs, humeral spot 
and narrow side margin rufo-testaceous. Form rather slender. Head sparsely 
•punctured, especially on the front. Thorax a little longer than wide, narrowed 
at base, sides narrowly margined, irregularly arcuate in front, sinuate posteriorly, 
hind angles somewhat obtuse, the margin narrowly reflexed with one setigerous 
puncture, disc moderately convex, coarsely and equally punctured, median line 
rather deeply impressed. Elytra oval, broader posteriorly, disc rather flat, with 
moderately deep finely punctured striae, the intervals rather flat and densely 
punctur 1, the punctures much coarser than those of the striae, surface subopaque 
piceous, nearly black, a large humeral spot and narrow side margin rufo-testa- 
ceous. Prothorax beneath coarsely punctured, metasternum at sides less coarsely. 
Abdomen sparsely punctured. Length .44 — .64 inch; 11 — Ifi mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with three dilated joints, biseriately lamellate beneath. 
Anal segment emarginate at middle with one seta each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment entire, bisetose each side. 
Chaudoir in his essay retains venator distinct from americana 
basing his determination on two specimens of the former and three 
of the latter. I believe with Dr. LeConte that the two species are 
perfectly identical. 

Occurs from Canada to the Middle States and Kansas. Chaudoir 
claims to have seen it from Louisiana but our collections do not contain 
any from so far south. 

C cribrata. Lee— Form rather elongate, piceous, antennae and legs rufo- 
testaceous, elytra with a slightly greenish surface lustre. Head coarsely and 
deeply punctured, smoother on the front, cribrate above and behind the eyes. 
Thorax longer than wide, narrowed at base which is strongly arcuate, sides 
moderately but irregularly arcuate in front, slightly sinuate near the hind angles 
which are obtuse, margin extremely narrow, disc convex, median line broadly 
but not deeply sulcate, surface coarsely and rather densely punctured, often 
cribrate at the sides. Elytra oval, scarcely wider behind, with deeply impressed 
punctured striae, the intervals convex and with a single irregular row of punc- 
tures, margin very narrowly rufous. Prothorax beneath cribrately punctured, 
metasternum at sides coarsely and densely punctured, abdomen very sparsely 
punctured. Length .36 — .42 inch; 9 — 10.5 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi with three joints dilated and biseriately lamellate beneath. 
Anal segment entire, bisetose each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment bisetose each side. 
This species has some superficial resemblance to borealis but the 
thorax is more coarsely punctured and the margin extremely narrow. 
The hairs of the surface are comparatively long and erect, the setae of 
the margin of the thorax at least three in number. The elytra are en- 
tirely piceous with faint tinge of greenish, the humeri never pale except 
from immaturity and the lateral margin is very narrowly rufous. 
Occurs in western Kansas. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 155 

C pilosa Say. — Form moderately elongate, pieeous, elytra with faint greenish 
lustre, surface very distinctly pilose. Head coarsely and deeply not densely 
punctured. Antennae rufo-testaceous. Thorax about as wide as long, narrower 
at base, sides arcuate, slightly sinuate posteriorly, narrowly margined, the margin 
slightly translucent in front and near the hind angles which are rectangular 
and slightly prominent, disc moderately convex, coarsely and deeply punctured, 
median line vaguely impressed. Elytra oval scarcely wider behind, with deeply 
impressed punctured striae, the intervals slightly convex and rather coarsely, 
irregularly punctured. Prothorax beneath coarsely and moderately densely punc- 
tured, metasternum at sides coarsely and less deeply punctured, the punctures 
extending also on the inflexed sides of the elytra. Abdomen sparsely punctured. 
Legs rufo-testaceous. Length .38— .44 inch ; 9.5 — 10 mm. 
Sexual characters as in cribrata. 

Excepting unkolor the present is the only species in which the thorax 
is not longer than wide. 

This is the common species of the Middle States extending to Canada. 

C borealis Lee. — Form slender, pieeous, antennae and legs pale, elytra with 
slight greenish lustre with humeral spot and narrow margin pale. Head very 
sparsely punctate, a little more densely over the eyes. Thorax usually a little 
longer than wide, narrower at base, sides irregularly arcuate, slightly sinuate in 
front of the hind angles which are distinct but not prominent, margin narrowly 
reflexed, disc convex, median line scarcely impressed, surface not densely punctate. 
Elytra oval not much wider posteriorly, with deeply impressed punctured striae, 
the intervals flat, irregularly biseriately punctate. Prothorax beneath and sides 
of metasternum rather sparsely punctate. Abdomen nearly smooth. Length 
.30— .36 inch ; 7.5—9 mm. 

Sexual characters as in cribrata. 

Resembles pilosa and cribrata but differs from both in the constant 
humeral pale space and the more finely and sparsely punctured thorax. 
It is also more feebly pubescent than either. 

Occurs from Nova Scotia to Hudson's Bay Territory. 

C neglecta Hald. — Form slender, pieeous, shining, elytra usually somewhat 
paler but without distinctly marked humeral spot. Head very sparsely punctate, 
nearly smooth at middle. Antennas pale. Thorax distinctly longer than wide, 
narrower at base, sides moderately arcuate, slightly sinuate posteriorly, hind angles 
rather obtuse, margin extremely narrow, disc moderately convex, median line 
rather deeply impressed, surface sparsely and irregularly punctate. Elytra oval, 
a little wider behind, striae deep and coarsely punctured, intervals slightly convex 
with a single row of punctures much finer than those of the striae. Prothorax 
beneath coarsely punctured, densely on the sternum, very sparsely at the sides. 
Metasternum at sides punctured, abdomen nearly smooth. Legs pale. Length 
.30— .34 inch; 7.5— 8.5 mm. 

Sexual characters as in cribrata. 

This species is readily known by its feebly pubescent surface, the 
rather deep thoracic channel, the very narrow side margin and by 
the uniseriate punctures of the interval very much finer than those 
of the striae. 



156* GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

Chaudoir places unicolor Kby. as a probable synonym of this species. 
I am inclined to believe from his remarks that the specimens determined 
by him as neglecta are really borealis, with which Kirby's species might 
be more aptly compared than the present. 

Occurs in the New England and Middle States and is the rarest 
of our species. 

APENES Lee. 

This genus is one of many which have been dismembered from 
Cymindis from which it differs principally in having the thorax lobed 
at base. The mouth parts do not differ essentially from Cymindis 
except that the terminal joint of the labial palpi is more broadly 
triangular. 

With Pinacodero, Apenes is placed by Chaudoir in a group or 
series which he calls " aberrant Cymindides." The previously indi- 
cated group of u true Cymindides" is not defined, consequently it is 
impossible to determine in what respect these .two (with others) are 
especially aberrant. 

Apenes is exclusively an American genus, species occuring from 
temperate North America to the Argentine Republic. 

Those known in our fauna are as follows : 

Head longitudinally sulcate. 

Surface with a metallic bronze lustre lucidnla. Dej. 

Head simply punctured. 

Elytra shining, strife distinctly impressed siliuata Say. 

Elytra opaque black, striae very fine opaca Lee. 

Head finely strigose or longitudinally wrinkled. 

Color brownish, subopaque nebulosa Lee. 

A. liM-idulu Dej. — Form moderately elongate, subdepressed, surface metallic* 
the head and thorax usually greenish, the elytra dark bronze or cupreous. Head 
rather deeply longitudinally sulcate. Antennae rufo-testaceous. Thorax broader 
than long, narrowed at base, sides arcuate, narrowly margined, hind angles dis- 
tinct but very small, disc feebly convex, the median line entire, surface shining, 
irregularly wrinkled, at base a few punctures, at apex longitudinally strigose. 
Elytra with a pale humeral spot (sometimes absent) at the base of the sixth 
interval, surface with moderately deeply impressed, finely punctured striae, the 
intervals slightly convex, finely alutaceous and obsoletely sparsely punctulate, 
dorsal punctures two, the anterior at the middle of the elytra equidistant from the 
second and third striae, the posterior near the second stria. Body beneath piceous, 
shining, nearly smooth, tibiae and tarsi paler. Length .40 inch; 10 mm. 

Male. — The anterior tarsi have four joints dilated and biseriately lamellate 
beneath, the middle tarsi narrowly dilated not lamellate. The anal segment 
has one puncture each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment with two punctures. 
Variations of the color of the surface are oftep observed. The legs 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 157 

are usually piceous, sometimes testaceous. A. angustata Schz. is merely 
a narrower race of bright surface color, similar forms are found by 
Mr. Ulke near Washington. 

Occurs from New York to Florida. 

A. siiliiata Say. — Piceous, moderately shining, without metallic lustre. Head 
sparsely punctate, a few wrinkles at side of front. Antennse rufo-testaceous. 
Thorax ahout one-third wider than long, sides moderately arcuate, very slightly 
sinuate in front of the basal angles which are distinct but not prominent, margin 
extremely narrowly reflexed, disc moderately convex, median line entire, sub- 
apical line feeble, surface shining, sparsely punctate, more densely near the apex. 
Elytra oblong-oval, surface with distinctly impressed, finely punctured strise, the 
intervals slightly convex, very finely alutaceous, the dorsal punctures on the third 
interval nearer the second stria, the anterior in front of middle, color piceous with 
a pale humeral space and a subapical testaceous fascia. Body beneath piceous, pro- 
sternum at middle and metasternum at sides sparsely punctate. Legs testaceous. 
Length .28 inch ; 7 mm. 

Sexual characters as in lucidula. 

The elytra have at the humerus a pale testaceous space which 
begins on the fifth interval and reaches the side, extending one-third 
the length of the elytra and along the extreme margin to the middle. 
The subapical fascia is sinuous and does not reach the side margin 
nor the suture. 

Occurs from the Middle States to Texas. 

A. opaca Lee. — Piceous, head and thorax shining, elytra opaque hlack. 
Head very sparsely punctulate, a few wrinkles in front of the eyes. Antennse 
rufo-testaceous, a little longer than the head and thorax. Thorax one-third wider 
than long, distinctly narrowed at base, sides arcuate, slightly sinuous in front of 
the hind angles which are slightly prominent, disc very slightly convex, surface 
sparsely finely punctulate, a few wrinkles along the sides and apex, median line 
entire. Elytra elongate-oval, rather flat, strise fine and with minute punctures, 
intervals very flat, dorsal punctures as in sinuata but very indistinct; color 
opaque black with a faint triangular paler humeral spot. Body beneath piceous, 
smooth, presternum scarcely visibly punctulate. Legs testaceous. Length .30 
inch; 7.5 mm. 

Sexual characters as in lucidula. 

This species appears more closely allied to morio and parallela than 
to any in our fauna. 

Occurs in Georgia and Florida, and appears to be rare as I have seen 
but three specimens. 

In the Bull. Mosc. 1875, Baron Chaudoir reviews the species of 
this genus and describes a new one as A. opaca from the Argentine 
Republic. A new name should be given it by any one knowing the 
species, the practice of changing the preoccupied names of unknown 
species is by no means a good one and generally results in no good 
to science. 

(40) 



158 GEO. H. HORN, M. T>. 

A. iieblllosa Lee. — Brownish pieeous, subopaque. Head strigose and sparsely 
punctulate, darker in color. Antennce brownish testaceous. Thorax nearly twice 
as wide as long, narrower at base, sides moderately arcuate, a slight sinuation 
near the hind angles which are distinct but not prominent, disc slightly convex, 
median line distinctly impressed, surface finely strigose and very sparsely punctu- 
late. Elytra oblong-oval, the strife distinctly impressed and obsoletely punctulate, 
intervals very slightly convex and finely alutaceous; color brownish pieeous with 
a paler humeral space and subapieal fascia, as in sinuata. Body beneath smooth, 
legs testaceous. Length .24 inch; 6 mm. 

Sexual characters as in lucidula. 

This species having paler elytra than sinuata, the humeral spot and 
subapieal fascia do not show as plainly as in that. The subapieal fascia 
is, however, more nearly complete and posterior to the humeral spot there 
is sometimes an additional paler mark on the fifth interval. 

Occurs in Arizona extending to Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

EUCJERUS Lee. 
Men turn transverse, rapidly narrowing to the front, at middle rather deeply 
emarginate without tooth, epilobes distinct, their apices acute. Basal membrane 
of the ligula nearly filling the emargination. Ligula (proper) small, the apex 
dilated, truncate and bisetose, paraglossse rather broad adherent to the ligula and 
slightly prolonged beyond it. Labial palpi moderate in length, the terminal joint 
fusiform, the tip membranous and subulate, the surface pubescent, the penultimate 
joint bisetose in front. Maxillre slender, the inner lobe acute at tip and with an 
acute tooth behind the tip, inner edge eiliate beginning a short distance behind 
the tooth; outer lobe slender the terminal joint a little shorter. Maxillary palpi 
moderate in length, the terminal joint as in the labial palpi. Mandibles not promi- 
nent, acute at tip, scrobe well marked. Labrum moderately prominent, quadrate, 
slightly transverse, the angles obtuse, quadrisetose in front. Antennas with the 
pubescence covering the third joint and extending slightly on the second. 

I have dwelt in some detail on the mouth parts as these have not 
heretofore been fully described. A figure of the mentum, ligula and 
maxilla will be found in the preceding volume of these Transactions, 
pi. viii, fig. 100. 

E. varieornis Lee. — This is the only species in our fauna. It is a small insect 
(.12 — .14 inch; 3 — 3.5 mm.) pieeous in color with the elytra somewhat iridescent, 
head darker, legs testaceous, antennas pieeous the outer five joints nearly white. 
A figure in outline will be found in Transactions vol. ix, pi. iv, fig. 5. 
Occurs in the southeastern Gulf States, and very rare. 

I'EMAGOBflCA Schmidt-Goebel. 

The name above given has been adopted by Chaudoir and others, 
for what reason I am unable to state, as the name Rhombodera Reiche, 
appears with date 1842, four years anterior to Pentagonica. 

The details of structure have already been sufficiently given by 
Lacordaire, (Genera i, p. 133), and need no further reference here 
except as to the form of the mandibles, which are more explanate 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 159 

than usual in the present tribe and without the usual excavation 
on the outer side. 

One species occurs in our fauna. 

P. flavipes Lee— A small species with a general resemblance to some of the 
varieties of Lebia analis. The thorax is short the sides strongly angulate, the base 
narrowed. The elytra are very vaguely striate without punctures, the surface 
finely alutaceous. The legs are always testaceous, the under surface of the body 
piceous, except the prothorax. Length .14— .18 inch; 3.5 — 4.5 mm. 

Male. — The anterior tarsus is feebly dilated, the first joint somewhat spinous be- 
neath, the second and third with a few squamules biseriately placed. The middle 
tarsus is not at all dilated. The anal segment has one seta each side. 

Female. — Tarsi slender. Anal segment bisetose each side. 

This species varies greatly in color and forms three varieties. 

Var. flavipes Lee. — Entirely piceous. Legs testaceous. 

Var. bicolor Lee. — Head and thorax above and beneath pale reddish-yellow. 
Legs testaceous. 

Var. .—Head piceous, thorax reddish-yellow, elytra piceous. Legs 

testaceous. 

Although very rare the spacies has a wide distribution, occuring in 
the Gulf States, extending northward to Illinois and Kansas and west- 
ward to Arizona. 

ONOTA Chaud. 

Mentum emarginate, without tooth, the epilobes slightly prominent; ligula 
corneous, truncate in front, apex a little narrowed and bisetose ; paraglossre 
membranous prolonged beyond the ligula and extending narrowly across its 
apex; palpi moderate, terminal joint elongate-ovate. Labrum in front feebly 
emarginate, sexsetose, base narrower. Mandibles expanded, laminiform, without 
scrobe. Maxillary palpi moderate, terminal joint as in the labial. Antennas with 
the first three joints and the base of the fourth glabrous. Head gradually nar- 
rowed behind the eyes to the neck. Thorax angulate at the sides, base truncate 
at middle, on each side slightly oblique. Elytra with two dorsal punctures, 
situated on the third interval close to the second stria. Tarsi flattened and sub- 
sulcate above, fourth joint bilobed. First joint of posterior tarsi as long as the 
three following. Ungues pectinate. 

This genus is placed by Chaudoir in his Callidides, which seems as 
convenient a position as any, taking the ligula as a key to classification. 
This organ has had an exaggerated importance given it by many late 
authors, and even with our limited number of genera I have found it 
impossible to separate the truncatipenne series in smaller groups. In my 
table of the genera of the tribe Lebiini, (Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. ix, 
p. 156), I have placed Eucserus, Pent agon tea, ( Rhombodera) and Onota. 
in close approximation, indicating thereby a relationship between them, 
while it must at the same time be admitted that each has other rela- 
tionship about as well marked — Pentagonica with Lebia, Onota with 
Calf a/a, and Eueserus with Ega. 



100 GEO. H. HORN, If. D. 

Onota is represented in our fauna by one species. 

O. Floridana Horn. — Reddish testaceous, elytra bluish-green, striate. 
Length .20— .25 inch ; 5—6 mm. 

Male. — Anterior tarsi feebly dilated, the first three joints biseriately lamellate- 
papillose beneath, fourth joint hairy. Middle tarsi without papillae. Anal seg- 
ment with one seta each side. 

Female. — Tarsi less dilated, not papillose. Anal segment bisetose each side. 
Occurs near Lake Poinsett, Fla. ; concealed in the leaves of Palmetto. 



Bibliography and Synonymy. 

TETRAGONODERCS Dej. 
T. intersectus Germ. {Bemb.) Ins. Spec. nov. p. 28. 

Lecontei Dej. Species iv, p. 449. 

distigma Motsch. Bull. Mosc. 1864, ii, p. 222. 
T. fasciatus Hald. Proc. Acad, i, p. 298; Lee. (Thyreop.) Ann. Lye. iv, p. 197. 

undulatus Lee. New Species 186.3, p. 7. 
T. latipennis Lee. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1874, p. 44. 
T. pallidus Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1868, p. 130. 

NEMOTARSUS Lee. 
N. elegans Lee. Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1853, p. 377; Chaud. Bull. Mosc. 1876: 
Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ix, pi. iv, fig. 2. 

COPTODERA Dej. 

C. serata Dej. Species i, p. 277; Chaud. Annales Belg. 1S69, p. 179. 

viridipennis Gory, Annales France, 1833, p. 194. 
viridipennis Lee. Ann. Lye. iv, p. 196. 
ruficornis Chaud. loo. cit. p. 179. 

PHL(EOXENA Chaud. 
P. signata Dej. (Coptodera) Species i, p. 275; Chaud. Ann. Belg. 1869, p. 151. 
collaris Lee. (Coptodera) Ann. Lye. iv, p. 197. 

DROMIUS Bon. 

D. piceus Dej. (Cymindis) Species v, p. 353. 

quadricollis Lee. Proc. Acad. 1859, p. 82. 
D. atriceps Lee. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. viii, p. 163. 

APRISTUS Chaud. 
A. cordicollis Lee. (Dromius) Ann. Lye. iv, p. 190. 
A. subsulcatus Dej. {Dromius) Species ii, p. 451. 

latens Lee. Ann. Lye. iv, p. 191. 

fuscipennis Motsch. Bull. Mosc. 1864, iii, p. 233. 

A. laticollis Lee. Ann. Lye. v, p. 176. 

BLECHRUS Motsch. 

B. nigrinus Mann. (Dromius) Bull. Mosc. 1843, ii, p. 184. 

angustus || Lee. (Dromius) Ann. Lye. iv, p. 191. 
linearis Lee. (Bomius) Ann. Lye. v. p. 177. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 161 

B. lucidus Lee. (Bomiua) Ann. Lye. v, p. 177. 

B. pusio Lee. New Species 1863, p. 6. 

METABLETUS Schmidt-Goebel. 
M. amerioanus Dej. {Dromius) Species v, p. 361. 

borealis Zimm. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1S69, p. 243. 

AXINOPALPUS Lee. 
A. biplagiatus Dej. {Dromius) Species i, p. 243. 

californicus Motsch. Bull. Mosc. 1845, iv, p. 356, pi. v, fig. 1. 
A. fusciceps Lee. Ann. Lye. v, p. 175. 

nigriceps Lee. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1SS0, p. 164. 

TECNOPHILUS Chaud. 
T. croceicollis Menet. (Callida) Bull. Ac. Petr. ii, 1844, p. 53. 
chloridipennis Motsch. Kaf. Russl. 1850, p. 39, note 3. 
ruficollis Lee. Ann. Lye. v, 1851, p. 176. 
nigricollis Lee. loc. cit. 
Pilatei Chaud. Bull. Mosc. 1877, i, p. 239. 
glabripennis Chaud. loc. cit. p. 242, note. 

EUPROCTUS Solier. 
Eu. trivittatus Lee. (Onota) Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1878, p. 373; Horn, Trans. 
Am. Ent. Soc. ix, pi. iv, fig. 3. 

CALLIDA Dej. 

C. platynoides Horn, n. sp. 

C. planulata Lee. Proc. Acad. 1858, p. 59. 

C. viridipeimis Say, {Cymindis) Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1823, vol. ii, p. 9; Lee. 
Ann. Lye. iv, p. 189; Chaud. Ann. Belg. 1S72, p. 117. 

marginata Dej. Spec, i, p. 222. 
C. decora Fab. (Carabus) Syst. El. i, p. 181 ; Dej. Spec, i, p. 224; Icon. Col. ed. 1, 
v. ii, pi. vii, fig. 7; Chev. Col. Mex. fasc. ii, n. 36. 

cordicollis Putz. Mem. Liege ii, p. 373. 

cyanoptera Lee. Proc. Acad. 1858, p. 59. 
C. punctata Lee. Ann. Lye. iv, p. 189 ; Chaud. {Spongoloba) Ann. Belg. 1872, p. 152. 
C. fulgida Dej. Species v, p. 330; Chaud. {Spongoloba) loc. cit. 
C. purpurea Say, (Cymhidis) Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1823, p. 10. 

smaragdina Dej. Species i, p. 225; Chaud. {Spongoloba) loc. cit. 

cyanipennis Chaud. Bull. Mosc. 1844, p. 467. 

PHILOPHUGA Motsch. 
P. viridicollis Lee. {Cymindis) Ann. Lye. iv, p. 188. 

purpurea % Chd. (nee Say,) Bull. Mosc. 1S77, i, p. 245. 
P. am (Eii a Lee. (Cymindis) Ann. Lye. iv, p. 188. 

purpurea % Lee. (nee Say,) loe. cit. 

Horni Chd. Bull. Mosc. 1S77, i, p. 245. 
P. viridis Dej. {Cymindis) Spec, v, p. 325; Chd. Bull. Mosc. 1877, i, p. 244. 

cyanea Motsch. Kaf. Russl. 1850, p. 39, n. 4; Bull. Mosc. 1859, iii, p. 143, 
pi. iii, fig. 5. 
P. castanea Horn, n. sp.* 

* In addition to the above list Chaudoir describes P. subcordata from Mexico 
which does not seem distinct from viridicollis Lee. 

TRANS. AMER. ENT. SOC. X. (41) SEPTEMBER, 1 SS2. 



162 GEO..J H. HORN, M. D. 

PLOCHIONUS Dej. 
P. pallens Fab. Syst. El. i, p. 244; Chaud. Ann. Belg. 1872, p. 168. 

Bonfilsi Dej. Spec, i, p. 251 ; Hope, Col. Man. ii, pi. i, fig. 6. 

Boisduvali Gory, Ann. Fr. 1833, p. 189. 

valens Lee. New Species, 1863, p. 5. 
P. timidus Hald. Proc. Acad, i, p. 298. 
P. amandus Newm. Entomol. i, p. 32. 

vittatus Lee. Proc. Acad, ii, p. 48. 
P. dorsalis Horn. n. sp. 

PINACODERA Schaum. 
P. limbata Dej. {Cymindis) Species v, p. 320. 

v.fuscata Dej. idem. p. 321. 

Icevigatus Motsch. {Planesus) Bull. Mosc. 1S64, ii, p. 297. 

fuscicollis Motsch. idem. p. 298. 
P. platicollis Say, {Cymindis) Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. ii, p. 14. 

camplanata Dej. {Cymindis) Species ii, p. 448. 

russata Newm. {Lebia) Entom. p. 31. 
P. punctigera Lee. {Cymindis) Ann. Lye. v, p. 178. 
P. semisulcata Horn, n. sp. 
P. sulcipennis Horn, n. sp. 

CYMINDIS Latr. 
C. laticollis Say, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. iv, p. 413; Lee. Ann. Lye. iv, p. 186; 
Chaud. Berl. Zeitsch. 1873, p. 95. 

villigera Chaud. loc. cit. p. 96. 
C. cribricollis Dej. Species v, p. 311 ; Chaud. loc. cit. p. 97. 

marginata Kby. Fauna Bor. Am. iv, Lis. p. 13. 

reflexa Lee. Agass. Lake Sup. p. 203. 

abstrusa Lee. Proc. Acad. 1859, p. 82. 
C. planipennis Lee. New Species 1863, p. 6. 

cribricollis J Lee. Ann. Lye. iv, p. 186. 

brevipennis Zimm. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1869, p. 243. 

marginata J Chaud. Berl. Zeitsch. 1873, p. 96. 
C. elegans Lee. Ann. Lye. iv, p. 1S6. 
C. unicolor Kby. Fauna Bor.. Am. iv, p. 14. 

htidsonica Lee. New Species, 1863, p. 6; Proc. Acad. 1873, p. 322. 
C. americana Dej. Species ii, p. 446 : Chaud. Berl. Zeitsch. 1873, p. 102. 

venator Dej. Species v, p. 311 ; Chaud. loc. cit. p. 103. 
C. cribrata Lee. Col. Kansas, 1859, p. 2. 
C. pilosa Say. Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. ii, p. 10. 

pubesrens Dej. Species i, p. 215. 
C. borealis Lee. New Species 1863, p. 7. 
C. neglecta Hald. Proc. Acad, i, p. 298. 

APENES Lee. 
A. lucidula Dej. {Cymindis) Species v, p. 320. 

var. angustaia Schwarz, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1878, p. 354. 
A. sinuata Say. {Cymindis) Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. ii, p. 8. 

pustulata Dej. Species v, p. 316. 
A. opaca Lee. Ann. Lye. v, p. 175. 
A. nebulosa Lee. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sc. 1866, p. 364. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 



163 



EUCJERTJS Lee. 
E. varicornis Lee. Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1853, p. 387. 

PENTAGONICA Schmidt-Goebel. 
P. flavipes Lee. (Didetus) Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1853, p. 377. 
bicolor Lee. (Rhombodera) New Species 1863, p. 7. 
americana Motsch. Bull. Mosc. 1864, iii, p. 224. 
P. angulata Boh. (Lebia) Eugen. Resa p. 7, is probably from South America. The 
name goniodera proposed by Harold is unnecessary. 

ONOTA Chaud. 
0. Floridana Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ix, p. 157, pi. iv, fig. 4. 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE IV. 



Fig. 1. Elytral markings of Melanophila miranda Lee. 



consputa. 

notata. 

consputa, a variety. 

fulvoguttata. 

notata, a variety. 



Xenorhipi.s Brendeli Lee. % . 
? . 
9. Antenna of 7, more enlarged. 

10. Monixdus guttatus Lee. 

11. Dasycerus carolinensis Horn. 

12. " angulicollis Horn. 

13. Mouth parts of Aphonus tridentatus Say. 



104 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE V. 



Fig. 1. Leptinillus validus 9 Horn, much enlarged. 
" 2. Under side of same. 

" 3. Lateral view of head and thorax showing the eye-spot at e. 
" 4. Maxilla of Leptinillus. 
" 5. Mentum of same. 
" fi. Mandibles of same. 

" 7. Platypsylla castoris Ritsema, greatly enlarged. 
" 8. Under side of dissected head showing the labrum at a, and the partial 

outline of the mandible posterior to it. 
" 9. Antenna of Platypsylla with the club (a) more enlarged, showing the 

apparent number of its joints. 
" 10. Maxilla of same. 
" 11. Mentum of same. 
" 12. Mandible of Platypsylla as previously figured (a) with the same piece as 

figured (d), as seen by me under higher power with oblique light. This 

piece from its size appears to be one of the tubercles broken off which 

are shown in fig. 8, behind the labrum. 

O 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE VI. 



Fig. 1. Peploglyptus Belfragei Lee. 
" 2. Head and thorax, showing the position of the antennse free and at rest. 
" 3. Oniticellus californicus % Horn; a, antenna; 6, head of £• 
" 4. Same, lateral view. 
" 5. PolymcEchus brevipes ^ Lee. 
" 6 — 7 — 8. Anterior, middle and posterior legs seen from the front or under 

side. 
" 9. Labrum of Po/ymachi/s. 

" 10. Maxilla of same. 

" 11. Mentum of same. 

•' 12. Mandible, viewed laterally. 

" 13. Cryptostoma Dohrni Horn. 

" 14. Psephenus Lecontei Hald. 

'• 15. Under side of same. 

" 1 6. Lara avara Lee. 

" 17. Mecomycter omalinus Horn. 

" is. Myrniecotspectra Nietneri Motsch. 

" 19. Lateral view of same. A small insect (.14 inch ; 3.5 mm.), from Ceylon. 



LOAN LKLMIHH'TEIU ! fi5 



\oIvn <>Dt MM ll> i: of Nmlh America. 

I$Y M)K1) WALSINUIIAM. 

he kindness u\ my friend l'i ... ,,., |J | 

i 
■I Tiueida). containing in many ea - received 

from l ho authors by whom the sjioeii d scribed. This 

haw enabled me to put to«retl llowing notes, which may, 1 hope, 

I'ibuie in some sina • towards a rectih'catiou of synonymy, 

which in this extensive family, can by no means be hastily attempted. 
§ Among I he co i it to me were : — ■ 

I. Al fining a number of specimens from Prof. Fernalds 

own collection, some oi' which had been named and verified by comparison 

with an I hois types ; as well as a considerable number from the colli 

of the Anii ' in Knlouioloirical Society al Philadelphia, these latter being 

for ' lie most purl in d«i ded \ bad cond 

U. Two bti i I 'rut'. Fernald, 

ii from Miss Murtfeldl IV the neigh boil d nf Si. Li hi is. 

1 n a m e d . b u t n o t i n a 1 1 c ; i 
'.',. Three 1 ; udh lent by I he Pe;il 

uing a number ol mens received sis i \ pes 

n M :-. ( 'hambers i many unpinned in ] 

! i of names ntly procured from 

Fernald ; and containing, moreover, a few types 
I by Dr. Packard. 
!. '! i leni by Mr. (Joodell of Amherst. Massachusetts, one 

W more of Mr. (Miambers's types, and two othvrs 
i of. unnamed 
5. A box k , by ProfV Riley from Washington, 

conlaii ' Mr. ( !hai ibers's speci nens 

ig marked a in the list which accompanied them, and several 

very interesting . which I understand to luivi been bred 

:ted by Pn h 

Wil h ore me my mil ■ I hat I have not been 

able to make more use of them. Several dim' ive presented them- 

selves, first, 'be cimens themselves has not. on the 

whole, been V( 

i I'iisunti fi ir tl 



1(>6 LORD WALSIN6HAM. 

extended, or were preserved with a due regard for the safety of their 
palpi and antennae, so necessary for the correct determination of many 
genera and species. Secondly, having in many cases only one or two 
examples of each species, and these subject to the not insignificant risks 
of another journey between America and England, I have been most 
unwilling to denude wings for the purpose of examining their neuration. 
And. thirdly, the immense number of nearly allied species described by 
Mr. Chambers of which he has given us no figures, and of which I have 
not seen the types, have rendered it impossible, especially in such genera 
as Gelechia and B/ast'obasi*, satisfactorily to determine many of the 
numerous species contained in the collections submitted to me. In such 
I have advisable merely to indicate the genera in my 

and- not to attempt to offer, in this paper, the 
arks which in soin< have occurred to me upon their probable 

nomenclature and synonymy. 

After returning my cordial thanks to the owners of the different 
collections which have been placed at my disposal, I must acknowledge 
the ureat assistance derived from Mr, Chambers's " Index to the described 
Tineina of the United States and Canada," published in 1878, in the 
' 'in of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey,' 
vol. iv, which has greatly facilitated reference to numerous scattered 
papers in the 'Canadian Entomologist.' the 'Cincinnati Quarterly Journal 
of Science,' the ' Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History,' 
and other periodical publications, and which is referred to hereafter in 
this paper, for the sake of brevity, as the " Index," as well as from 
Mr. Stainton's valuable republication of Dr. Clemens's papers on " Tineina 
of North America," hereinafter referred to under that name, which has 
been rendered doubly serviceable to me from my having first studied 
it at Philadelphia in 1872, and made notes upon Dr. Clemens's typical 
specimens which were then before me. Good colored drawings of all 
the species in the various collections, except such as are represented in 
my own cabinet, have been made for me by Mr. Edwin Wilson ; and 
I hope, in course of time, that these may he rendered available to the 
public either by publication in Mr. C. 0. Waterhouse's most useful 
1 Aid to the Identification of Insects,' of which the first volume has 
just appeared, or in some other entomological journal. The numbers 
which precede the names of the various species mentioned in this 
paper correspond to those used in my catalogue of the specimens 
now returned to Prof. Fernald, and are attached on blue labels to 
the specimens themselves. 



AMERICAN LEP1D0PTERA. Ki7 

(IIOKEITIS. 
746; 747. Clioreutis bjorkandrelln Thn 

anstralis Zell. 

This species has not, so far as I am awai'e, been recorded from North 
America. 1 have received it from Mis< Murtfeldt, from whom the 
specimens in Prof. Fernald's collection were also obtained. It occurs 
also in California, together with a form identical with, or very closely 
allied to, Ohoreutu silphiella Grote, (Papilio, vol. i. p. 10), which must 
probably be regarded as distinct 

Genus A.CROLOPHUS Poey 

71fi, 717. Acrolophus sp. 

Given as Anaphora agrotipenvella Grote, in Miss Murtfeldt's list, to 
which a note is attached by Prof. Fernald : u =An. arcane.Ua CI.; the 
type is a shade lighter colored, and nearly as light as An. mortipennella 
Grote." I must leave Prof. Fernald responsible lor this comparison,* 
merely observing that Clemens writes, in his description of A. arcanella, 
"Labial palpi shorter in the o than in the preceding (A. popeanella 
Clem.), ascending, but not recurved.'' The specimens now before me 
have the palpi decidedly recurved. I saw Dr. Cleaiens's supposed type 
at Philadelphia in 1ST-; but a note of interrogation on my list, shows 
that I had then some doubt as to its identity. .Mr. Grote's type of his 
Anaphora agrotipevnella is not among his very large series of specimens 
belonging to tins genus now in the British Museum; but on my calling 
his attention to specimens similar to those in Miss Murtfeldt's box he ex- 
pressed his opinion that they were not his A. agrotipennella. Mr. Grote 
confirmed my belief that ^4. agrotipennella was equivalent to A. scardina 
Zeller, Yerh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1*73, p. 216, which is described by Zeller 
as variable in size and color. Is not this also .1. popenni'Uti Clem? as 
suggested by Chambers, sec " Index" . 

Mr. Grote calls attention to the difference in the palpal structure 
I Can. Fnt, iv. p. 138 ), referring to Stainton's edition of CleinensV papers 
(Tin. North Am. p. 60), where the head of A.popeanella is figured ; but 
referring to p. 57 we find "popeanello. : labial palpi in the male as long 
as thorax," which is evidence that the figure on p. lid must represent 
the female. The whole genus requires careful revision ; and the name 
"Anaphora' of Clemens must be required to give place to one of the 
earlier generic names which has been attached to these curious forms by 
other authors. Hiibner'e Pinaris hamiferella (Ziitrage, pp. 441, Wl) 
appears to belong to the same genus; this is from Rio Janeiro, whence 

* My comparison was made under unfavorable circumstances and is not to bo 
depended upon. C. H Fkk.vu.ii. 



I liS I. OKI) W M.srVCII AM 

I have also ivi ■ i'Mirnih examples Walker's "'enem Zarum 

I i barn, and ..Wi all nearly I forms. 

Welder and Kogen holer i Novara, pi. exxxix. tig. '■'>■> i, adopt. I think 
: good reason, i ius Acrofojihus for what is evidently a species 

congeneric with Anapyhora plumifrontcUa < 

I'ocy, in the 'Cent-uric do Lepidop! I ile do Cuba,' is:;_'. clearly 

•actorizos that genus, and admits thai his species is evidentl\ eon 

rie with I'inarh hainiferella liiibner, Ziitr. 111,4-12. lie would 

ve adopted I Kilmer's generic name, had il been founded on the 

palpi instead of on Ihe colors of (he insect : bul he adds "on peul voir 

par son Catalogue (1 upteres connus, que la plupart de scs I'inaiis 

onl les palpes courts et de la forme ordinaire." 

Mr. Grote has somewhere suggested I I have not the reference before 
me), thai Avro/ojjhu* should probably be substituted for Aunphura 
I n i his 1 cut irely concur. 

Tls. AcrolophuM ? sp. 

Named in Miss'Murtfeldt's list. "Anaphora mortipennella Grote.' 
It is larger than G rote's measuremenl and seems to be pale oehroous 
rather than "dirty whitish." I am not convinced that it is (rub 
.1 nwrti'jicmir/la, and should be glad to be reassured as to this. It 
presents a curious superficial reseni] in ■ i AmyJrla cffrennteUa Clem., 
in color and markings, but differs in the - of the palpi and in 

the darker hind wings, broader lure wings, A.<\ 

It differs also in the form of the wings from all Clemens's species of 
the genus Anaphora, and ha- the appearance of a connecting generic link 
Anaphora and Amjjdria. The neuratioii. however, differs from 
tint (if both these genera in the furcation of the apical vein. 

280-265. AerolopliUS ? siinulaliis. sp. nov.— Head maxillary 

palpi none ; tongui non oci I li u :. Labia,] palpi recurved I .1 ami 

n ■■ i ong, ro i 1 1 y t ,,.... 

long as tin i \ it\ 

■','■■ 
somcv ■ on both sides, i i ' append 

age 'i I he in. ill- much de\ i 

ill In- uppe ■ shield .which i, the 

l.y convex, the dorsal 
mewhat con ,-. Kind 

. wider than i he rate veins. 

Tin- \.-in from the upper corner discal on the 

costal cell of hind win rown 

ami whitish ochrcous patch' i I dorsal halves of I he fore w . 

the paler portions apparently predominatin I ian in EulepisU cfcn 

som\ the darker portions assuming the form of. two iiiguhi there an 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 

nume I bluish fuscous 31 . ed especial] 

Hind wings and cilia dull br 15 millims. 

Six specimens in the collection of the Am. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia, 
unfortunately all of them in very bad condition. So far as I can judge, 
the markings and colour are almost exactly similar to those of the fol- 
lowing species, also from Texas. 

KULKI'ISTK, gen. nov. 
Head rough, maxillary palpi none, tongue non< . ocelli none. Labial 
palpi ascending, with the second joint roughly clothed with coarse scales, 
projecting beneath ; "terminal joint coarsely scaled, tapering to a blunt 
point, about equal in length to the second joint Antennae (with the 
basal joint thickened and coarsely scaled) slightly serrated and pilose 
beneath. Anal appendages of the male greatly developed , the side 
claspers elongate ovate, projecting well beyond the triangular pointed 
upper shield, which is clothed with long scales; the anal segment with 
short diverging bristles beneath. Fore wings: costa arched, apex 
rounded, apical margin oblique, slightly convex ; dorsal margin nearly 
parallel with the costal, but slightly emarginate before the anal angle ; 
apical vein forked. Hind wings ovate, rather wider than the fore wings, 
widest on the basal half, tapering outwards towards the rounded apex, 
and not emarginate below it. Veins of <h>' fore wings twelve, not in- 
cluding the false vein after vein 1 on the dorsal margin ; two of these 
from the same stem ; cell closed. The vein running from the upper cor- 
ner of the cell in the fore wings is forked, one branch ending on the 
costal margin, and one in the apex. 

268-279. En!<*i»isit» cressoni, sp. nov.— Palpi brown, with ochreous 
scales intermixed, the apical joint with an indistinct pale ochreous band around 
its middle. Antenna' pale brown. Fore wings brown, with scattered purplish 
fuscous and ochreous scales, the former collected in raised tufts, especially about 
the dorsal margin; the latter aggregated in the form of three or four square 
patches, one before, and one beyond thi middle of the dorsal margin, one about 
the middle of the costa and one at or just before the apex. These in some s] 
mens are so arranged as to form an indistinct chess-board pattern, the dark and 
pale squares being alternate on the costal and dorsal halves of the wing; in some 
specimens the median costal and thi antemedian dorsal pale squares, which are 
:onspicuous, are joined in an angulated fascia. Abdo- 
men with the h ad w 1 i ir cilia dull brown. The first two pairs oi 
conspicuously spotted with In-own and ochreous, the third pair ochreous on the 
tibiae, spotted with brown on the tarsal joints. Expanse 15 t^ 20 millim., the J 
larger than the % . 

Several specimens in the collection oi the Am. Ent. 80c. Philadelphia, 
from Texas. I have long possessed and known this species, but could 
not believe it to be still undescribed, as it seems to be common in Texan 

•IliANS. AMKK ENT SOC S (43) NOVEMBER, 



170 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

collections; but I am unable to find any description agreeing with it, 
Tn coloration this seems to be almost inseparable from the preceding 
species, but its short palpi and the neuration of the fore wings amply 
distinguish it, and probably do not justify the juxtaposition of the two 
species in systematic order. Euhpiste, indeed, exhibits some signs of 
affinity to the genus Acrolepia. 

Genus It I. A HO V II A N ES. 

126, 127, &c. Blabophanes dorsistrigella, Clem. (See Chambers's 
'■ Index.") 

This is the same as Tinea subjunctella, Walk. (Cat. Lep. Het. B. M 
xxviii. p. 471), but Dr. Clemens's name has precedence. 

Specimens are in Prof. Fernald's collection. 

180, Ac. Blabophanes lerruginella. Hub. (Wocke, Cat. 1368). 

Tinea crocic.apitela, Clemens, Proc, Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1859, p. 257, Ac. 

Specimens of .this species in Prof. Fernald's collection and in that of 
the American Ent. Soe, at Philadelphia agree with a specimen in my 
own collection, which has been compared with Dr. Clemens's type. 

Genus TIME A. 
1050. Tinea biflavimaculella. 

Tinea biftavimaculelia, Clem. Proe. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1859, p. 257; Tin. Nor. 
Am. p. 237, Ac 

Tinea innigniselln, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. xxviii. p. 471. 

1— Tinea rusticella, Hub., var. spilotella, Tengst., see " Index." 

I am not acquainted with the type of Tinea sjoi/otella, which has been 
regarded as a variety of T. rusticella ; but there is little or no variation 
among the numerous specimens of T. bijiavimaculrflu which I have seen. 
These appear to have the fore wings somewhat wider in proportion to 
their length than rusticella, and are so different in markings as to con- 
vince me that they are not mere varieties of that species ; whether they 
are the same as T. spilotella or not I cannot venture to decide. Mr. 
Stainton writes (Tin. Nor. Am. p. 237) that they are closely allied to, if 
not identical with, it. I find that Mr. Walker's type of Tinea insigni- 
sella agrees with this species. 

13, 14, Ac. Tinea pellionella, Lin. (Wocke, Cat. 1405). 

Tinea carnariel la, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1859, pp. 256, 257; Tim Nor. 
Am. pp. 49-51. 

Tinea griseella, Cham. Can. Ent. v. p. 88. 

Tinea flavifrontella, Pack. Guide, p. 346 (larva only). 

Dr. Packard has confused two distinct species in his account of Tinea 
flavifrontella , Lin. (Guide p. 346). The name flavifrontella, W. V. 
et Fab. ?, is cpioted by Stainton (Ins. Brit. Lep. Tin. p. 34) as a prob- 
able synonym of Tinea biselliella, Hummel. This species, which appears 



(AMERICAN I EPIDOPTERA. 171 

to lio indicated by Dr. Packard in his description of the imago, makes 
no case in its larval stage; the case figured by l>r Packard belongs most 
probably to Tinea pellionella, J, m.. which is T. c.arnarielfa, Clem., 
T. griseella, Cham. Mr. Chambers decs not allude in the case-making 
habit of the larva; but I gather from Prof. Fernald's letter. August l!l, 
1881, that T. griseella has this habit.* 

182, Ac. Tinea granella, Lin. (Wocke, Cat. 1385.) 

'This, as suggested by Mr Stainton (Tin. Nor. Amer. p. 53), is Tinea 
varietella, Clem., and undistinguishable, so far as I can judge, from Euro- 
pean specimens. 

There are examples in the collection of the American Entomological 
Society at Philadelphia and in Prof. Fernald's cabinet. 

238. Tinea fuscipunctella. Haw. (Wocke, Cat. J404). 
A specimen in Prof. Fernald's collection is labelled " Labrador." Prof. 
Packard's types of (Ecophora frigidella , Pack., from the Peabody Acad- 
emy of Sciences, Salem, Mass., are also. from Labrador, and belong, with- 
out doubt, to the genus Tinea, probably to T. fuscipunctella ; but their 
condition is not such as To justify the expression of any very decided 
opinion as to their identity. 

Genus II UVltllA 
852. Kmlareia simulatricella. 

Eudarcia fsimulatrice/la, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. INfiO, ii. 

Tinea r.cemetariceelia, Cham. Can. Ent. v. p. 85, and " Index." 
My notes on Clemens's 'type are that the " transverse streak near the 
tip" of the fore wind's mentioned in the description is " semi-circular, 
not extending across the wing." This agrees with Chambers's descrip- 
tion, in which it is called " an obliquely curved costal white streak." I 
fail to see in this specimen the "costal white spot in the apical portion 
of the. wine," mentioned by Chambers, nor does this occur in Clemens s 
description. The neuration, according to Dr. Clemens s figure, differs 
from that of the genus Tinea, with which, in other respects, this species 
appears to agree. 

A single specimen received from Mr. Chambers as T. coemetariseella 
is in the collection of the Peabody Academy of Sciences, Salem. Mass. 

Genus SCARDIA. 
1037. S<ar<lia aiiatomella. 

Fernaldia anatomel/a, Grote, Bull. C. S. Geol. A- Geog. Surv. vi \< 27 1. 
I am well acquainted with this species, having bred several specimens 
from larv;e found in March, 1872, boring round holes in a dead fallen 

* Tmca griseella Cham, /.v a case-making species, and ; s the most common and 
destructive carpet and clothes moth in this part of the country. — ('. If. Fkunalu. 



172 LORD WALSINGHAM 

pine-tree. It is very nearly allied to Scardia boletella, Fab. S polj/- 
] fun which it differs only in it< smaller size, in the apical 

join! "I' the palpi being distinctly annulated, and m the darker portions 
dl' the wing being much blacker (more purplish black), and approaching 
much nearer to, or reaching the anal angle, from which in boletella they 
arc distinctly separated. 

Genua I1VCURVARI%. 

806. Incurvaria aoorifoliolla. 

Orm Rep. Nox. Ins. N. Y. parts 1 & 2, p. 269; Ont. 

is::;, p. 12. 

'fnlirUii. Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1860, p. 55; Tin. Nor 
Am. p. 'Jit. 

Tin . Cham. Can. Ent. v. p. 86, xi. p. 146 .-nnl Index. 

Mr. Chambers (Can. Ent. xi. p. 146) writes, ■■ Tinea iridella, Cham., 
will ] xred to Incurvaria." Tins is, without doubt. I. aceri- 

. ih a single specimen is in the collection of the Pea- 
Sciences, Salem, Mass. 
I am now convinced that the two species placed by me in the genus 
nia ( I\ Z. S. 188,0, xii. p. 10), under the mimes L. nrrr/nnella 
ami L. tripuv.cte.lhj , should he more properly included, in the genus Trt- 
cvrvaria, their heads not being smooth above except where they have 
denuded. .My Incurvaria tripunctella agrees with Clem- 
itella in all respects except in having an additional costal 
spot ; for 1 find a memorandum made at Philadelphia in 1872, "Clem- 
of Incurvaria russatella) does not agree with his description 
the position of the costal and dorsal spots; they are not exactly 
'opposite' to each other, the costal being decidedly nearer to the base." 

Genua AUUL4. 
A«!«* l:i rulingsella. 

Adel< ' ". Clem. Proc. Ent. Sue. Phil. L864, ii. p. 126; Tin. Nor. Am. p. 

250. 
Dicte coruscifas an. Ent. v. p. 74 &c, see " Index." 

la, Cham. 1 1. 
Adda schlcegeri, /ell. Vcrh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 27. 
This confirms my statement i l\ Z. S. 1880, p. 79) that these two 
names had been given to tie. specimen pe of 

Chambers's species, kindly lent by Mr. Goodell. 

Genus ACROLKPIA. 
181. Acrolepia dorsimaculclla. 

Heribeia dorsimaculella, Chambers, Can. Ent. iv. p. 13. 
He.ribe.ia iucertella, Chambers, Can. Ent. iv. p. 44. 
Argiope domimaeulclla, Chambers, Can. Ent. v, pp. L3, 171. 
If, as I believe, I have rightly identified this species, Mr. Chambers 



UUERICAN LEPIDOPTERA 

Eied in suggesting (Can. I '74 that it rnighl "befi 

to b long to Acrolepia, Curt." [t is very nearly allied to Acrolepia 
betufetella, Curt. (Wocke, 1531), bul th< ite streak ,i 

led by a dark line as in that extren are 

also somewhat shorter »1 e pale costal 
to distinguis 

us ARGIKES'THIA. 

556. Argjresthia snbreticulata, white, with as 

■i tinge; head and face silvery white 
golden. Fore wings white; the i irtion pure whiti to within a short dis- 

tance of the apex; the costal third from the base bright golden, beyond the mid- 
dle the golden scaling covers a widei portion of the wing, and is reticulated with 
white, becoming slightly darker or more bronzy towards the apex, around which 
is a bronzy gold line at the base of the fringes; apical cilia golden; dorsal cilia 
pale greyish. Hind wmgs grey, with pale golden-brown fringes. Expanse 9 
millim. 

One in coll. Am. Ent. Soc. Phil. ; apparently allied to .1. glaucinella, 
Zell. &c. 

Gnus CHIHABACCHG. 

100. CJtiimabacche? haustellata. sp. nov.— Palpi fuscous, the second 
joint with a long projecting tuft, white at the apex externally, white at the base 

and apex internally, the apical joint fully equal to the second in length, with 
white lines above and beneath reaching to the apex; head with some rough pro- 
jecting scales above; face smooth. Antennae fuscous, nearly two thirds of the 
length of the fore wings, partly annulated, partly streaked on alternate joints, 
with conspicuous white scales, strongly ciliated beneath, having the basal joint 
somewhat tinged with ochreous. Tongue rather long and scaled, whitish ochre- 
ous. Fore wings elongate, with the apical margin oblique, the apex depressed, 
htly inclining to falcate, brownish fuscous, with some scattered whitish scales 
about the apical portion of the wing, and two inconspicuous spots of whitish 
scales, one on the middle, the other about the end of the cell, the first nearer to 
the costal than to the dorsal margin ; at the middle of the costa is a diffused pale 

pot, followed by a larger one at the commencement of the costal 
and a third just before the apex. There are seme pale ochreous spots along the 
inner and outer edges of the otherwise d cilia of the apical mat 

Hind wings scarcely paler than the fore wings, with a fuscous clouded line along 

the middle of the subochi us cilia. h pale ochreous. Ex 

16 millim. 

efoi ■ ' v a sing] ies, 1 b; ,v 

to describe a new genus for its n illy as i am unable 

critically to examine the neuration. The apica I ircate, and ex- 

cept for the narrower and rather mure acuminate bind wings, the longer 
tongue and tufted second joint of the palpi, it approaches must nearly 
the genus Chimabacche, Zell. in whicb at least provisionally, I propose 
to place it. It would be into r< - 



174 LOUD WALSINGHAM. 

whirl), if T haw even approximately determined its generic position, is 
probably nearly apterous. 

The specimen is in Prof. Fernald's collection. 

Genus EPIGRAPHIA. 
8. Epigraphia packardella. 

Enicostomu packardel/a, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 125. 

Epigraphia eruditeUa, Grote, N. Am. Ent. i. p. 53, pi. v. f. 12. 

Th's species is closely allied to Epigraphia xfehi7c< J /ineriaiw } Schiff. 
(Wocke, Cat, 1662). 

The label in Prof. Fernald's collection indicates that this is Epigraphia 
cnulitrlla, Grote. I have been able to verify this by comparison with 
Mr. (J rote's type now in the British Museum. 

Genus SEN IOSCO PIS. 
203. Seinioscopis inoriiata. sp. nov.— Palpi whitish, the second joint 
externally brownish fuscous; apical joint with a brownish-fuscous spot beneath at 
its base, and a broad brownish-fuscous band around its middle; head and thorax 
whitish, much mixed and clouded with greyish fuscous. Antennae pubescent, 
slightly tinged with ochreous. Fore wings greyish white, profusely irrorated with 
greyish-fuscous scales, a few scattered greyish-fuscous spots along the costa, espe- 
cially near the costal cilia, two before the middle of the cell and two at its outer 
end, in both cases placed one above the other; some slight greyish-fuscous mot- 
tling around the apical margin, but all the markings very inconspicuous. Cilia 
whitish, divided by an obscure greyish-fuscous line before their points. Hind 
wings whitish grey, with pale cilia; a strong tuft of long hairs on the basal part 
of the dorsal vein. Abdomen greyish, tinged towards the base and at the anal 
tuft with ochreous. Legs whitish grey. Expanse 33 millim. 
In Prof. Fernald's and Mr. Allen's collections. 

134. Seinioscopis alleuella, sp. nov. — Palpi greyish white, tinged with 
fuscous externally and beneath, the apical joint with a fuscous band around its 
middle. Antennae having a slightly serrated appearance in the male, subochre- 
ous. Head greyish white. Fore wings with costa attached ; apex and anal angle 
rounded, apical margin somewhat oblique, with rather the form of one of the 
Tortricidae, greyish white, with numerous specks and mottlings of greyish fuscous, 
especially on the costal and apical parts of the wing, the most conspicuous being 
just beyond the middle of the cilia; two greyish-fuscous discal spots, one at the 
middle, the other at the end of cell, each followed by some ochreous scales, a row 
of diffuse greyish-fuscous spots around the apical margin before the cilia, extend- 
ing round the apex beneath the costal cilia, the costa greyish-fuscous at the ex- 
treme base. Hind wings and cilia whitish grey. Abdomen and posterior pair of 
legs tinged with ochreous. On the underside the hind wings are decidedly paler 
than the fore wings. Male expanse 19 millim. 

This species is undoubtedly allied in form and general appearance to 
Epigraphia, but differs in neuration ; the apical vein of the fore wings 
is forked, and vein 3 is also forked soon after leaving the lower end of the 
cell, its two branches ending on either side of the anal angle. From Prof. 
Fernald's and Mr. Allen's collections. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 175 

Genus DEPRESS V IC I ■%. 

221. D«»|>ressaria luhii. sp. nov.— Palpi rich tawny red, speckled with 
whitish and fuscous scales: the second joint whitish on its inner side; apical 
joint paler, tipped with ochreous, with a few fuscous scales around its middle. 
Antennae fuscous, pubescent and ochreous beneath; head tawny red; thorax 
tinged with fuscous, with some whitish scales posteriorly. Fore wings rich tawny 
red, much sprinkled with fuscous scales; some whitish scales forming ashort line 
from the dorsal margin very near the base; a blackish inconspicuous spot, with a 
single white scale in its centre, lies at the end of the cell, and is surrounded by a 
diffuse greyish-fuscous cloud, from which the lines of the veins are marked by 
greyish-fuscous scales to the apex and apical margins; the costal and apical mar- 
gins are much speckled with fuscous; the cilia greyish, tipped with shining rosy 
red. Hind wings and cilia grey, the cilia tipped at the extreme apex with rosy 
red. Abdomen grey; legs paler, somewhat tinged with rosy red. Expanse 22 
millim. 

A beautiful and distinct species, of which one male is in Prof. Fer- 
nald's collection. 

Depressaria applaiia. Fab. (Wocke, Cat. 1729.) 

Geferhia clemensella, Cham. Can. Ent. viii. p. 173. 

This specimen in Prof. Fernald's collection is labelled " Gelechla cl<m- 
ense//n, Cham., salicifungiefla, Clem." Gelethia clemcnsella is omitted 
from Mr. Chambers's "Index." The description with which the speci- 
men before me appears to agree will be found under the reference given 
above. Ge/echia salicifungiella, Clem., is not only- specifically but gen- 
erically distinct. It is a narrow-winged Gelechia, of the "JSrgatis" group, 
remotely allied to G. roseoxuffusella, Clem., and cannot for a moment be 
mistaken for a Depressaria. 

The only point in which this specimen and two others in the same 
collection differ from our European form is in their slightly shorter and 
smaller fore wings. Mr. Stainton, to whom I submitted this specimen, 
concurs with me in the opinion that it is Depressaria applana, but writes 
that he has "not a specimen exactly like it." 

65, fit). Depressaria arenella, W. V. (Wocke, Cat. 1703). 

t Depressaria yeatiana, Wlsm. P.Z.S. 1881, p. 316. 

These specimens are unset and cannot be so well examined as if the 
wings were spread ; but I have no doubt of their identity with the Euro- 
pean D. arenella. On re-examination I am disposed to doubt whether 
the two single specimens from Texas and Oregon referred to in P. Z. S. 
1881, p. olli, as D. yeatiana, Fab., do not more properly belong to this 
same species. 

Genus 1 K V I'lOI.H II I % . 

335. Cryptoleehia nubeeulosa. 

Cryptolechia nubeculosa, Zeller, Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 245, af. iii. f. 12. 

Harpalyce canusella, Cham. Can. Ent. vi. p. 235, and Index. 

Ide canusella, Cham. Cin. Soc. Nat. Hist. ii. p. 180. 



L76 LORD VVALSINGHAM. 

A specimen received from Prof. Riley, which was sent to him by Mr. 
Chambers as Harpalyce canusella, proves that this species, common in 
Texan collections, is th< _> ■ ' and 

described by Zeller. The three species placed by Chambers in his genus 
Harpalyc I Ide, do not differ, so far as I am able 

to ascertain, from the most usual forms of Zeller s genus Oryptolechia. 

22. t'ryptolechia quercieella, Clem. 

Psilocorcis quercieella, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1860, p. 212. 
Cham Bui V G. Surv. 1878, p. 84 i 

. i !ham. Can. Ent. iv. j>. 1 31 . vi. p. 231 - 
vrolechia cressonella, Cham. Bull. U. S. G. & G. Surv. ISTs, pp. 85, 86. 
ell. var. Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 242. 

Mr. CbaTr T. S. (1. & G. Surv.) discusses at length the dif- 

ference between his Oryptolechia (originally Hagno) fag inella. and the 
undescribed spi •■ which he proposes the name u cressonella ," and 

compares them both with Oryptolechia (originally Psilocorcis) querci- 
eella, as described by Clemens and recognized by Zeller. He ends by 
expressing some hesitation as to their distinctness from each other, and 
writes, "with fuller collections of bred specimens of all the supposed 
s ii is not improbable that they will be deemed at most only phyto- 
phagic varieties of a single species." Having carefully compared a con- 
siderable number of specimens from Texas, from Missouri, and from 
North Carolina. I am unable to discover any constant and reliable char- 
acters by which they can be distinguished from each other. Two exam- 
pies from Miss Murtfeldt's collection, which have the appearance of bred 
specimens, faithfully represent the two varieties quercieella , Clem., and 
cressonella, Cham. There seems to be a considerable amount of vari- 
ation in the distinctness of the slender transverse lines, in the intensity 
of the coloring of the head, thorax and fore wines, in the separation 
or amalgamation of the spots on the apical margin, and in the presence 
or absence of diffuse costal spots. The hind wings also are lighter in 
some specimens than in others. I have no knowledge of the insect 
described as Oryptolechia obsoletella, Zeller (Verh. z.-b. Wien, 1873, p. 
242); but a specimen in Prof. Fernald's collection agrees with Zeller s 
description, and leads me to think it not impossible that it may be found 
to be a small dark variety of the female t>i this i ies. 

728. ? C'ryptelechia cretiicca. 

Oryptolechia crelacea, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1ST.'., p. 243. 
Harpalyce albelia, Cham. Can. Ent. vi. p. 235; Hist. ii. p. 1 so, and 

Index. 
Ide albdla, Cham. Journ. Cin. Soc. Nat. Hist. ii. p. 180. 
This, originally from Miss Murtfeldt's collection, is without doubt 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 177 

Chambers's H. albella as named in her list : and I have Mule doubt that 
it will he found to l»e Gryptolechi >. Zeller, with the description 

of which it well agrees. Zeller evidently regards Harpalyce as equiva- 
lent to Oryptolechia, as shewn by his placing Chambers's Harpalyce 
canusella in that genus. 

Genus GKLECHIA. 

1163. Labelled "Phsetnsa plutella. Cham., Texas." 

If specimens received from Miss Murtfeldt are truly Gelechia, pruni- 
foliella, Cham., which I see no reason to doubt, as they agree entirely 
with the original description (Can. Ent. v. p. 186), although not with 
the amended version of it (Can. Ent. vii. pp. 106, 107 I, it seems to me, 
that this example must belong to the same species. Mr. Chambers gives 
his reason for. separating them (Can Ent, vii. p. 106); but, except so 
far as these depend upon slight differences of neuration which I cannot 
examine, I am unable to recognize them in the specimens before me. It 
is of course just possible that Miss Murtfeldt s specimens may not truly 
represent G. prunifoliella. 

976. Gelechia cercerisella. 

Gelechia quinella, Zell. 

G. cercerisella, Cham. var. Can. Ent. vi. p. 231. 

This is the Texan species described by Prof. Zeller, and is equivalent 
to the supposed variety of Gehckia cercerisella, Cham., noticed by Mr. 
Chambers, Can. Ent, vi. p. 231. I have a single specimen of the typical 
Gelechia cercerisella , which differs in the absence of the lower median 
spot, but appears to be in other respects similar to the Texan form. 

210. Gelechia flavicorporella, sp. nov".- -Palpi whitish ochreous, stained 

and spotted with fuscous outwardly and beneath; -< nd joint brush like beneath, 

third joint acuminate. Head greyish-fuscous; antennae greyish-fuscous, speckled 
with a few ochreous scales. Fore wings (with th, costa slightly arched before, 
and slightly depressed about the middle, the apical margin oblique) about equally 
covered by greyish-Jfuscous, whitish ochreous, and brownish ochn —the 

brownish prevailing across the middle, the fuscous beyond the middle, and the 
whitish around the apical margin and fringes. There an' four in pots of 

whitish scales, two on the outer half, one on the inner half < md on., mi 

the fold, placed obliquely below and spot. The outer 

I sp.>t is fol all preceded, by fuseou ome whitish 

ochreous spots along the api 

of the cilia, and an indistinct fuscous shade runs i, not 

extending above the apex. Hind wings gi nges. 

The anterior half of the abdomen distinctly yellow ochreous; the posterior half 
greyish fuscous, with paler anal tuft. Posti . th.' joints 

and tibiae paler. Expanse 20 raillim. 

One male in Mr. Allen's collection; one in Prof. Femald's collection. 

TRANS. AMKH. I'.NT. SOC X. 



178 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

1066. Gelechia petasitis, Pfaff (Wocke Cat. 1836).— Palpi whitish, irror- 
ated with greyish scales; second joint brush-like beneath; apical joint shorter 
than the second. Antennse rather indistinctly annulated. Head and thorax grey- 
ish white. Fore wings lanceolate acuminate, narrow at the base; the anal angle 
obsolete, white, profusely irrorated with grey scales, with three elongate greyish- 
fuscous dots, the first about the middle of the fold, the second obliquely above it 
on the cell, the third at the end of the cell; a row of greyish-fuscous dots around 
the apex and apical margin, sometimes almost obsolete; cilia with mixed whitish 
and greyish-fuscous scales. Hind wings wider than the fore wings, decidedly 
emarginate below the apex, grey with greyish ochreous cilia not quite equal to 
the width of the wings. Posterior legs pale ochreous; the tarsi fuscous, spotted 
with pale ochreous at the joints. 

9 ■ Much whiter than the male, the antennae more distinctly annulated, the dis- 
cal and marginal spots more conspicuous. 

Expanse 1 7 millim. 

Two males and one female in Mr. Groodell's collection ; one very plainly- 
marked female in Mr. Allen's collection. 

670. Gelechia (Bryotropha?) bosquellsi. 

Gelechia bosquella, Cham. Bull. U. S. G. & G. Surv. iv. p. 87, and " Index." 
(Ecophora bosquella, Cham. Can. Ent. vii. p. 92. 
Gelechia bosquella, Cham. Can. Ent. vii. p. 124. 

This is certainly a Gelechia, not an (Ecophora as suggested by Cham- 
bers (Bull. U. S. G. & a. Surv. iv. p. 87, and " Index") ; the palpi and 
the form of the hind wings at once distinguish it. The description 
should be amended as follows : — Head maroon-brown ; the upper or cos- 
tal portion of the pale orange fascia is tinged with white ; the costal spots 
are both white, the outer one being by far the largest and most conspicu- 
ous ; there is also a small white .spot on the margin below the apex, with 
some few white scales below it. In the specimen before me the tip of 
the basal joint of the antennae is scarcely to be called white. 

120. &c. Gelechia (lata) vagella. 

Gelechia vagella, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. xxix. p. 596. 

Depressaria fuscoochrella, Chambers, Can. Ent. iv. pp. 106, 129, 147, 148. 

Gelechia fuscoochrella, Chambers, Bull. U. S. G. & G. Surv. 1878, iv. p. 14::. 

Gelechia (Lita) liturosella, Zeller, Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 265. 

A specimen in the collection of the Peabody Academy of Sciences, 
Salem, Mass., received from Mr. Chambers, agrees in every particular 
with Zeller's description of G. liturosella; and I am convinced, by com- 
paring it with Walker's rather damaged type in the British Museum, 
that it was originally described as G. vagella. 

There are specimens in Prof. Fernald's collection, and in Mr. Good- 
ell's collection from Amherst, Mass. I did not meet with it in the West- 
ern States. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 179 

1159. Cielochia (L.ita?) conclusella. 

Ge/echia conclusella, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. xxix. p. 593. 
G. crescent i/tt sei el /a, Cham. Can. Ent. vi. p. 237, &c, and Index (nee B. U. S. G- 
& G. Surv. iv. p. 90). 

G. gris.se/asciella, Cham. Cin. Quart. Journ. Sci, ii. p. 253. 

This specimen is labelled "Gelechia grissefasciella, Cham., Texas," 
and is one of thosj rec jived from Mr. Chambers, and regarded by Prof. 
Riley as unique and as type specimens. I have no hesitation, after com- 
paring it with the type of G. crescentifascie/fa, Cham., received from 
Mr. Groodell, in pronouncing it a worn specimen of that species. Mr. 
Chambers has described two supposed varieties of his G. crescentifasci- 
clld, the first with a complete fascia, the second with only pale costal and 
dorsal spots. These will probably be proved to be distinct species. The 
specimen before me is the fasciated form, and is equivalent to Walker's 
G. conc/usel/a. A specimen of the second, also from Mr. Chambers's 
collection, is in the Peabody Academy of Sciences, Salem, Mass., and is 
not distinguishable from specimens received from Texas ; it has a decided 
dark spot on the extreme base of the costa. 

222. Geleehia (TVleia) oronella, sp. nov. -Palpi with the second joint 
thickened with projecting scales, scarcely brush-like, greyish white, with the basal 
half of the second joint, a spot before its apex externally, and two wide aunula- 
tions on the apical joint brownish fuscous. Head and thorax greyish white; 
antenna- brownish fuscous. Fore wings narrow, elongate, greyish white; a patch 
at the base of the costa pointing downwards parallel to the fold, a sometimes re- 
duplicated st leak along t lie middle of the fold, an outwardly oblique line of spots 
from before the middle of the costa, beyond which are two dots at the end of the 
cell, all brownish fuscous; the wing is speckled and smeared, especially above and 
below the fold and on the apical portion, with dilute brownish fuscous, and there 
is a spot on the beginning of the costal cilia, preceded by a smaller one of the same 
color, others less conspicuous around the apical margin; cilia greyish. Hind 
wings not deeply emarginate below the apex, a little broader than the fore wings, 
greyish, with slightly paler fringes. Abdomen pale greyish-ochreous. Expanse 
15 millim. 

Two in Prof. Fernald's collection from Orono, Maine. 

This species differs from Gelechia (Evagora) apicitripunctel/a, Clem., 
G. (Ev/tgora) gitvisporel/a, Zell., and G. (E.) dorsistrigella, Zell., in 
the dorsal portion of the wing below the fold being not paler than the 
remainder of the wing, as well as in its much darker antennae, which are 
not annulated. It is also somewhat larger than those species, which are 
about equal in size to Ge/echia (Evagora) cristatella, Cham. It has 
so much the appearance of the tuft-bearing species with which I have 
here compared it, that I fully expected it to belong to the same group ; 
but it is more properly placed in the sub-genus Teleia. 



180 LORD WALSINGHAM 

291-303. Oele<«hia (Poecilia) inscripta. sp. nov.— Palpi white., the 
lower half of the second joint blackened externally, and with a small fuscous 
spot near its apex, very slightly brush-like beneath; apical joint smooth, acu- 
minate, with two black annulations, one above the base, the other before the tip. 
Head and thorax white, some black scales on the middle of the thorax above; 
antennae white, annulated and spotted above on each joint with fuscous, the white 
basal joint excepted. Fore wings elongate acuminate, slightly enlarged towards 
the base, and tapering outwards, white, with a reduplicated black spot at the ex- 
treme base of the costa; a black fascia pointed obliquely inwards from the costa 
before the middle to the middle of the fold, below which it dies out in a patch of 
scattered scales; a black costal spot at the commencement of the costal cilia, 
another opposite to it on the dorsal margin, between them are some scattered 
fuscous scales and dots, sometimes obsolete; around the apex and apical margin 
are some fuscous dots before the white cilia, which become greyish about the anal 
angle. Hind wings and cilia pale greyish. Abdomen white, with a faint oehre- 
ous tinge. Legs white, the tarsal joints spotted with fuscous. Expanse 13 millim. 

I have long known this species, having received it from Texas and 
from St. Louis. It is possibly the species referred to by Prof. Riley 
i Can. Eut. iii. pp. 195, 196) as "Gelerhia geminella, Lin.," being very 
similar in appearance to Gelerhia. gemmeUa, Lin., but differing in the 
position of the dark fascia, which in gemmeUa commences beyond the 
the middle of the costa. 

Prof. Riley states that his species feeds upon oak-galls. Several speci- 
mens are contained in the collection of the Am. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia, 
which is now before me. I believe them to be from Texas. 

A specimen from Miss Murtfeldt's collection is stated in her list to be 
Gelerhia palliderosacella, Cham. ; but it is impossible to reconcile any 
variety of this species with Chambers's description under that name. 

310-318. {Jelechaa i Erj;atis) roseosuflusolla. 

GelecMa [Ergatia) roeseosuJpuxeHa, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. I860, p. 162, 
see " Index." 

Subsequently tl scribed by Walker (Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. xxix. p. 
595) as Gelerhia bellela, Walk., a very common species in all N. Amer- 
ican collections. I have it also from California. 

'■79, 868, Ac. €telechia (Krgatis) rubidella. 

Gelechia rubidella, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1860, p. 163 : Tin. Nor. Am. p. 
115, Ac. 

Gelechia rubensclla. Chain. Can. Eut.. iv. p. 193, &c, and Index. 

I am unable to separate this species from G. rubidella, Clem., which 
has also the dark tip to the palpi. Like roxeosvffu sella it seems to be 
a somewhat variable species, but distinguished usually by its smaller size 
as well as by the habits of its larva. I am not acquainted with G. iriter- 
mediella, Cham. ; but probably a good series received from Belfrage, from 
Texas, exhibiting a wide range of variation from dark grey to pale rosy. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTEUA. 181 

may be correctly referred to that species. They differ from roxeositffu- 
selfa in their smaller average size; but a knowledge of their larval habits 
is necessary to establish this as a distinct species and to contribute to a 
general revision of the group to which they belong. 

G. (Ergatis) pudibundetta , Zell. Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien. 1873, p. 273, 
must be at least very closely allied to this species ; but I have not seen 
the type. 

869 871. Gelechia (Anacampsisl altMcuariitellsi. 

Gelechia absconditella, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. xxix. p. 595. 

Gelechia patpiannu/ella, Cham. Can. Ent. iv. pp. 68,69. 

These two specimens, presented by Mr. Chambers to the P. A. 8. 
8alem, Mass., and therefore presumably equivalent to his type, have one 
peculiarity which is omitted in the original description. The fifth, tenth, 
and less distinctly the thirteenth joints from the apex of the antennae are 
whitish ochreous above, giving the appearance of three ambulations ; but 
the difference of color is scarcely distinguishable in the under side. I 
find this same peculiarity in Walker's Gelechia absconditella, and have 
no hesitation, after a careful examination of his type, in referring G. 
palpiannidella to that species. Walker's "length of wings G lines," 
should have been "expanse of wings t! lines," which is an outside meas- 
urement. Something approaching to the same ornamentation of the 
antennae is described by Mr. Chambers as a characteristic of Gelechia 
tephr late/la, Cham. (Can. Ent. iv. p. (i8), which, however, appears to 
differ considerably from G. absconditella in general coloration. 

This specids appears to be allied to Gelechia ( Auaca nipsi>i) antht/l/i- 
detta, Hiib. ( Wocke, Cat, 2078). 

1061 1064. Gelechia (Anacaiii|»*iM) ti'i*li'i;;ella. sp. nov.— Palpi 

smooth, orange-yellow, the secoud joint thickened,' nut tufted, the apical joint 
longer than tlie second. Eyes crimson (as in G. agrimoniel la, Clem.). Antennae 
greyish fuscous, indistinctly annulated with pale ochreous. Head iridescent steel- 
blue ; face yellow. Fore wings with the apical margin slightly more oblique than 
in G. ugrimonieUa, greyish fuscous from the base to beyond the middle, with a 
greenish hue in some lights ami a steel-grey streak along the costal margin, pass- 
ing over the front of the thorax; beyond the middle very dark brown, with a 
transverse white fascia extended outwards at the commencement of the costal 
cilia, narrowed in the middle of the wing, and somewhat dilated about the dorsal 
margin; beyond it are three, sometimes four, white tooth-like Streaks, with their 
bases joined towards the apical margin and separated from the steel-grey fringes 
by a reduplicated line of dark brown, which passesaround the apex. Hind wings 
brown, with grey fringes, oblique, but scarcely emarginate below the apex; the 
base of the costal margin steel-grey. Abdomen brown, with three or four white 
transverse bands at the ends of the posterior segments. Posterior legs dark brown 
externally, pale ochreous on their inner sides, banded with pale ochreous above the 
spurs (which are also pale ochreous) and at the tarsal joints. Expanse II! millim. 

(46) 



182 LORD WALSINGHAJT. 

Four specimens from Mr. CoquUlet. No locality given. 

A beautiful species, allied to G. agrimovietta, Clem., which is also 
represented in this collection, but differing from it in the three contigu- 
ous white streaks from the apical margin. 

331. Geleehia (— ?J altribntella. 

Gelerhia attribittella, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. xxix. p. 593. 

Evagora difficult sell a. Chambers, Can. Ent. iv. p. (ill. 

Tai/gete difficilisella, Chambers, Can. En(. v. p. 231, vii. p. 105, viii. p. 19. 

Geleehia diffieili.se/la, Chambers, Can. Ent. iv. p. 192, v. pp. L85, 1st!, 187. 229, 
and Index. 

Comparing these specimens with one in the collection of the Peabody 
Academy of Sciences, Salem, Mass., received from Mr. Chambers, and 
with Walker's type of G. attribittella in the British Museum, I find them 
to be the same. Walker's name has precedence. 

148-150. Geleehia (F.vagurai apicif ripuiictella. 

Evagora apicitripunetellu, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. I860, p. 165. 
Geleehia (Teleia?) gi/viscopel/a, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873. p. 266. 
Geleehia gileiscopella, Cham., " Index." 

These are pale varieties of a species which I carefully compared in 
1872 with the remains of Clemens's type of Evagora apicitripwnctella , 
in the collection of the Entomological Soc at Philadelphia. They do 
not entirely agree with his description, but this may probably be owing 
to their slightly worn condition. '1 hey agree as nearly with Zeller's 
description of Geleehia (Teleia?) gilviscopeRa ; and although it seems 
somewhat remarkable that Dr. Clemens should have overlooked the tuft 
of hairs on the hind wings, I am convinced that a comparison of this 
species with his type of Evagora will show them to be the same. In 
Prof. Riley's collection is a dark specimen with a more decidedly yellow 
brush on the hind wing; it agrees with Zeller's figure of his G. dorsi- 
vittella. They may very probably be specifically distinct, although an 
intermediate variety in the collection of the Peabody Academy of Sci- 
ences, received from Mr. Chambers under the name of Geleehia. crista- 
tella, Cham., points to the possibility that these may be three varieties 
one species. I have at least two undescribed brush-bearing species from 
California and Oregon, in which I observe that the brush is much less 
developed in the female sex than in the male, although it cannot be said 
to be entirely absent from good specimens. In females which are much 
worn it cannot be detected. Dr. Clemens's type was probably a female. 

93, 94, 95. Geleehia (Tachyptilia) rhoifrnclella. 

Geleehia (Tachi/ptilia) rhoifrnclella, Clemens, Proc. Nat. Sci. Phil. I860, p. 163; 
Tin. Nor. Am. p. 114, &c. 

Geleehia oehreocostel/a, Chambers, Bull. U. S. G. & G. Surv. 1878, iv. p. 91. 
? Geleehia {Tachyptilia) consone/la, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 251. 



AMERICAN LEPIBOPTERA. 183 

This species, represented in Prof. Fernald's and Prof. Riley's eollee- 
fcions, has also reached me from Texas, collected by Belfrage. If is, as 
Mr. Stainton remarks (Tin. Nor. Am. p. 114), nearly allied to the Euro- 
pean G. populella. (Wocke, Cat. 2091 ). One of the specimens in Fer- 
nald's collection is labelled " viburnum" and another in Riley's collection 
is labelled "Depre&saria vibitrnumetta, Cham." This may possibly 
indicate that it has been found to feed upon Viburnum, as well as upon 
Rhus typhiva, the food-plant noticed by Clemens.* 

D. viburnumelln is not included in Chambers's "Index," nor can I 
find any description of a species so named. The type of G. ochreocostella, 
Cham., kindly lent to me by Prof. Riley, is undoubtedly a worn speci- 
men of rhoifrvctella . All the examples which I have examined appear 
to agree closely with Prof. Zeller's description of Gelechia (Tachyptilia) 
consonetta, Zell., also from Missouri and Texas, which I strongly suspect 
to be the same species ; and I have specimens from California, which 
show that it is widely distributed. 

1031. Ciieleoliia (Trichotaphe) ochripalpella. 

Gelechia ( Trichotaphe) alacclla, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. i. p. 132. 

Gehrhia ! Trichotaphe) ochripalpella, Zell. Ver. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 279. 

Gelechia goodelliella. Cham. Cin. Soc. Nat. Hist. 1881, p. 289. 

This is Mr. Chamber's type of Gelechia goodelliella, Cham., and is 
equivalent to Trichotaphe ulacella, Clem., which was rechristened by Zel- 
ler, owing- to the name alaceUa being preoccupied in the genus Gelechia. 

412. dielechia (Trichotaphe) juiicidclla. 

Trichotaphe juncidella, Clem. Proc Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil, isfio, p. 166; Tin. Nor. 
Am. ].. 122. 

Gelechia pallipalpis. Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. xxix. p. 596. 

Dcpressaria? dubitella, Cham. Can. Ent. iv. p. 92. 

Gelechia dubitella, Cham. Can. Ent. iv. p. 147. 

Gelechia (Crt/ptolechia?) dubitella. Cham. Bull. U. S. (i. & G. Surv. 1878, iv. p. 
86, and " Index." 

Gelechia June idella. Cham., "' Index." 

I have received this species from Miss Murtfeldt, who describes its 
larval habits (Can. Ent. vi. p. 221). Specimens received from Mr. 
Chambers are also in the collection of the Peabody Academy of Sci- 
ences, Salem, Mass., but these are in very bad condition. Good and well- 
marked examples agree with Walker's type of Gelechia pallipalpis, now 
in the British Museum, and with Clemens's T. jvncidella, which latter 
name has precedence. 

* I received a series of these from Mr. James Angus, West Farms, N. Y., some 
of which, as he informed me, " fed on Viburnum," others " fed on Nanny berry." 
— C. H. Fkunald. 



184 LORD WALSINGHASL 

208. Gelechia (Tricotaphe) purpiireofusca, sp. nov- Labial and 
maxillary palpi and tongue all bright orange, the apical joint of the labials some- 
what tinged with fuscous, shorter than the second joint, which is much thick- 
ened and tufted. Face smooth, iridescent steel-grey. Head and fore wings deep 
purplish fuscous in fresh spsjimens, assuming a brownish or more ochreous tinge 
when worn. The head and fringes in some lights have a bronzy grey metallic 
sheen. Abdomen and hind wings brownish fuscous, with scarcely paler cilia. The 
two anterior pairs of legs correspond in color to the fore wings, the third pair to 
the hind wings. Expanse 18 millim. 

From Mr. Allen's and Prof. Fernald's collections. 

511. Oelechia (Tricliulaphe?) refiiNella. 

Gelechia (Trichotaphel) rufusella, Cham. Can. Ent. vi. p. 240. 
Menesta rubescens, Wlsm. P. Z. S. 1881, p. 319, pi. xxxvi. fig. 9. 

This is a Gelechia probably belonging to the section Trichotaphe. I 
am at a loss to understand how I could have been induced, by the ex- 
amination of a somewhat imperfect specimen, to regard it as belonging 
to the genus Menesta, Clem. 

I have now seen several specimens of Menesta tortrt'ciformella, Clem., 
as well as Gelechia refusella , Cham. ; they are without doubt generically 
distinct — ihe antennas of Menesta bjing strongly ciliated in tli3 male, and 
the fore wings much shorter and more tortriciibrm than in any Gelechia. 

691. (xelechia (Trichotaplie?) inserrala. sp. nov. — Palpi pale yel- 
lowish cream-color, the second joint externally shaded along its upperside with 
brownish (differing from serrativitteUa , Zell., which has the brown shading beneath 
the second joint and at the end of the apical joint). Head and anterior portion of 
the thorax with the tegulse pale yellowish cream-color. Antennce brown, the two 
basal joints only being cream-colored. Fore wings and cilia brown, the costal 
half nearly to the apex pale yellowish cream-color, with no oblique projections 
from the dark portion, but with a single rounded excresence or bulge about the 
middle of it. Hind wings and fringes grey, with a slender pale ochreous line 
along the base of the fringes. Abdomen ochreous, tinged with greyish fuscous. 
Expanse 15 millim. 

This species appears to be intermediate between G. serrativitella,'/,v\\., 
and G. Jlavicostella, Clem. Allied to the latter in the color of the palpi, 
and in the absence of a serrated edge to the dark dorsal portion of the 
wings, but differing from it in the less rounded apex, and narrower and 
less deeply colored fore wings, and in the absence of a long point from 
the costal streak running in the direction of the anal angle, as well as in 
its smaller size. More nearly allied to the former in size and color, but 
differing in the coloration of the palpi, in the absence of a serrated edge 
to the dark dorsal portion of the wing, and in its paler thorax. It is, 
however, perhaps slightly larger than serrativitteUa, having the fore 
wings more widened outwardly than in my specimen of that species. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 185 

although it does not differ from Prof. Zeller's figure (Verb. z.-b. G-es. 
Wien, 1873, t. iv. fig. 27) in this respect. 

18, 74.;, <fcc. t»elechia (Malacotricha) bilohella. 

Gelechia (Malacotricha) bilobella. Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 280. 
? Begoe costal u.l eel la, Cham. Can. Ent. ix. p. 24. 

A specimen in Prof. Fernald's collection is labelled "Nbthrin dola- 
bella, Zell., but the form and color of the palpi distinguish it from that 
species. 

From a careful comparison of specimens and descriptions I find the 
best distinguishing marks between what I suppose to be Nothris dola- 
bella, Zell., and Gelechia bilohella are the form and color of the palpi, 
which in the former have a projecting tuft under the second joint, with 
the extreme tip of the apical joint fuscous. In the latter no tuft on the 
second joint, and the tip of the same color as all their upper surface, 
quite pale ochraceous. The supposed type of Nothris eupatorie/la, 
Chambers, received from Mr. Goodell, very obviously agrees in these 
particulars with the latter form ; whereas Chambers's description of 
N. eupatoriella agrees better with the former. I think therefore that 
Mr. Groodell's specimen must be one of Chambers's series, but not the 
actual specimen from which the description was taken, and that in this 
series the two species must have been mixed. 

This is, moreover, a somewhat peculiar variety, differing from both the 
species described by Zeller in having the pale ochreous ground-color of 
the fore wings suffused with iron-grey, and with a distinct yellow ochre- 
ous margin to the dark streak internally : the patch on the dorsal mar- 
gin is also separated from the base. I believe it to be a variety of- G. 
bilobella, but it may possibly prove to be a distinct but closely allied 
species. 

Chambers's description applies correctly to what I believe to be the 
true Trichotaphe setoseila, Clem. {Nothris dolabella, Zell.), whereas 
Mr. Chambers's Begoe costaluteella , Can. Ent. ix. p. 2-1 (afterwards 
printed Begoe costolutella in his " Index"), is probably Gelechia bilo- 
bella, Zell. Both these two forms have short maxillary palpi. Should 
they not therefore be both separated from Nothris, which, L believe, has 
no maxillary palpi? or are we to follow Herrieh-Schiiffer and others in 
regarding Nothris as inseparable from Gelechia? 

Genus YPNOLOl'lIUK. 

Ypsolopliu* roseocoslellii*, sp. nov.— Palpi with the second joint 

and its projecting tuft triangular, externally fuscous, except a narrow whitish 

cinereous margin along its upper edge; apical joint whitish cinereous j antenna; 

faintly annulated with fuscous and pale cinereous. Head and thorax pale cin- 

TI1ANS. ANKIt. KNT. SOC. X. (47) HOVKMBKR, 1882. 



180 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

ereous. with a feint rosy tinge. Fore wings elongate, wider than Y. pometellus, 
Harris, having the apical margin less oblique than in punctidiscellus, Clem., pale 
cinereous with a slight reddish tinge, which is especially noticeable along the 
costa and around the apical margin, with some scattered fuscous scales and spots, 
a small fuscous spot immediately above the fold at the basal fourth of the wing, 
with sometimes a few fuscous scales on the opposite side of the fold; a fuscous 
spot on the middle of the fold, sometimes followed by a few whitish scales, 
another on the disc obliquely above and beyond it (in T. punctidiscellus, Clem. , 
this is before it), also followed by whitish scales. Beyond this is another fuscous 
spot on the end of the cell, preceded by a few whitish scales, from which two 
oblique lines of fuscous scales are traceable in fresh specimens proceeding out- 
wards to the discal and costal cilia; some fuscous scales before the apical margin 
sometimes assume the form of a line of fuscous spots in the rosy margin of the 
wing. Cilia cinereous, with a rosy tinge, and a faint fuscous line along their 
middle. Hind wings shining pale greyish, with scarcely paler cilia, along the 
base of which is a very narrow ochreous line. Abdomen pale grey; anal tuft 
tipped with ochreous. Expanse 17 millim. 

One in my collection received from Miss Murtfeldt from St. Louis. 
One in the collection of Professor Fernald. 

It is smaller than Y. querctella, Cham. ; and that species, by Mr. 
Chambers's description, appears to have no discal or plical spots. 

2S, etc. Ypsoloplms bipuiietellus, sp. nov.— Palpi whitish ochreous, 
the tufted second joint with a triangular brown patch reaching nearly to the pale 
upper end of the fringe ; apical joint with a distinct brown streak along its under 
side to the apex ; head whitish ochreous. Thorax and fore wings pale brownish 
ochreous, dusted with more or less widely scattered black scales; a rather elongate 
black discal dot before the middle, equidistant from the costal and dorsal margins, 
having a few whitish scales along its anterior and lower edges, followed by a 
smaller black dot at the end of the cell, also surrounded on its anterior and lower 
edge by whitish scales; a row of about 8 marginal black dots around the apex 
and apical margin. In many specimens (see No. 48 of this list) a fuscous streak 
commences at the first discal spot and is diffused outwardly beyond the second 
spot to the apex. Hind wings pale greyish ochreous, with a faint fuscous line 
near the base of the pale cilia. Abdomen greyish. Expanse 17 millim.* 

This species is nearly allied to Y. stramineellus, Cham., but differs from 
it in the presence of two distinct discal spots, and in its slightly wider 
wings, which are, however, much narrower than those of the species 
which I take to be Y. unicipuncteMux, Clem. I have not observed the 
distinct line along the underside of the apical joint of the palpi in any 
of the species allied to this 

47, &c. YpsolopliiiK pometellus. 

Rhinosia pometellus, Harris, Journ. N. Y. S. A. Soc, Sept. 1853. 
Chcetochilus pomete/lvs, Fitch, Rep. Nox. Ins. N. Y. no. 1, p. 221, no. 3, sec. 42. 
Rhivosia pomcte/la.Emmim*. Nat. Hist. N. Y. part v. p. 254. 
Ypso/ophus pometellus. Chambers, Bull. U. S. G. & G. Surv. iv. p. 166. 



Habitat, Orono, Me., May 1, 1881.— C. II. Fkrnai.d. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 187 

Ypsolophus pauciguttellus, Clemens, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 124; Tin. Nor. 
Am. p. 228; Zeller, Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, pp. 283-285. 

Chcetochilus conUibernatellus, Fitch, Rep. Nox. Ins. N. Y. no. I, p. 231, no. 3, 
sec. 44. 

Ypsolophus contubernatellus, Chambers, Bull. U. S. G. & G. Surv. iv. p. 166. 

Ypsolophus flavivittel I us, Clemens, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 429 ; Tin. Nor. Am- 
p. 254; Zeller, Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, pp. 283-285. 

Ypsolophus reedella, Chambers, Can. Ent. iv. p. 222. 

Ypsolophus ruderella, Chambers, Bull. U. S. G. & G. Surv. iv. p. 167. 

Ypsolophus qucrcipomonella, Cham. Can. Ent. iv. pp. 222, 223; Bull. U. S. G. & 
G. Surv. iv. p. 167. 

? Dichomeris ligu/ella, Hub. Ziitrage, p. 143, — '! = var. contubernale/lus. 

A specimen of this species in Prof. Riley's collection is labelled 
" Palmer worm-moth." Under this name it was originally described as 
Rhinosia pometellux by Dr. Harris. It was placed by Dr. Fitch in the 
genus Chtetochiltis, who also described the variety called the " comrade 
Palmer worm" (Chsetochilus contubernatellus}, met with in company 
with the typical form, and regarded by him as a distinct species, although 
he was not without suspicions that it might be only a variety. Dr. Clem- 
ens subsequently described the typical form as Ypsolophus pauciguttel- 
lus and the variety as Ypsolophus Jlavivittellus. Mr. Chambers's type 
of the Ypsolophus reedella, in the collection of the Peabody Academy 
of Sciences of Salem, cannot be separated from Y. pauciguttellus, Clem. ; 
and he himself suggests in his "Index" that it may be a variety of Y. 
pometellus. Specimens of the same form in Prof. Fernald's collection, 
obtained from Miss Murtfeldt, are labelled Yjisolojt/tus querc ipomonella, 
Cham., but do not agree with his description. It would be interesting 
to know if this name was suggested by Miss Murtfeldt from a knowledge 
of their larval habits. Their excellent condition suggests the idea that 
they may probably be bred specimens. 

Professor Zeller {loc. cit.) first drew attention to the probability that 
Clemens's name pauciguttellus must give way to the earlier name pome- 
tellus of Harris, and that flavivittellus, Clem., was the same as coutuber- 
natellus, Fitch. 

From intermediate varieties which have reached me from more than 
one of my American correspondents, and which show some or all the 
discal and plical spots as in Y. pometelhis, and have the pale costal halt 
of the wing more or less clearly defined as in Y. flavivittellus, I am con- 
vinced that these will be found to be different forms of the same spe- 
cies. Dr. Fitch {loc. cit.) describes a larva differing from the larva of 
his Chcetochilus pome'tellus, which he regards as probably that of C 
contubernatellus ; but as he failed to verify this by rearing the moth 
from it, evidence of their distinctness in the larval stages is entirely 



188 LORD WALSINOHAM. 

wanting, unless the rather doubtful differences between Chambers's larva 
of quercipomonel/a, and Fitch's larva of ])ometellus, as described by 
them, can be regarded as sufficient to establish it. It will be admitted 
that Chambers's description cannot possibly be intended to indicate the 
black-headed larva, which I take to be erroneously associated with Y. 
contubernateEus by Fitch. It seems to me impossible to separate spe- 
cifically the oak-feeding from the apple-feeding varieties ; but a careful 
comparison of their larvae is necessary before a final decision can be 
arrived at. 

Genus NO Ell It IS. 

74",. Nothris wetosella. 

Trichotaphe tsetoxella, Clem. 1860, T. N. A. p. 121. 

Ypsolophus eupatoriella, Cham. Can. Ent. iv. p. 221. 

Nothris dolabella, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 288. 

Nothris eupatoriella, Cham. B. IT. S. G. S. iv. 1878, p. 158. 

This should stand as Nothris setoseEa, Clem. The form and color- 
ing of the palpi at once distinguish it from Gel. Irilobella, Zell. Clem- 
ens's description is not a good one; he omits to notice the discal spot and 
the darkened apical portion of the fore wings; it was evidently taken 
from a somewhat worn specimen. I have been to some extent guided 
to the conclusion that this is Clemens's T. setosella by having seen a 
specimen so named in the late Mr. C. T. Robinson's collection at New 
York. I do not remember to have seen Clemens's type at Philadelphia, 
but Mr. Robinson was probably acquainted with the species described 
by him. 

Genus H KL.ICE. 
727. Helice pnllirioclirclla. Cham. Can. Ent. v. p. 188. 
Helice ( Getcrhia) pallidorhrella, Cham. " Index." 
Gelechi.a tjleditxrhkeella, Cham., see " Index." 

This is evidently the species described by Mr. Chambers under the 
above name, but some mistake has undoubtedly been made in the origi- 
nal generic description. Mr. Chambers writes of his genus Helice (Can. 
Ent. v. p. 188), "Secondaries narrower than the primaries; apex long 
and sharply pointed, with the posterior margin suddenly and deeply 
incised beneath it and the anal angle rounded." In Can. Ent, vii. p. 
106, Mr. Chambers states that "Sivoe, Helice, and Agnippe resemble 
Laverna in having raised tufts of scales on their wings."' The speci- 
men before me (Mr. Chambers's own specimen from Miss Murtfeldt's 
collection i lias the bind wings narrow and evenly attenuated from near 
the base, not incised below the apex, and it lias no signs of any raised 
tufts of scales on the fore wings. Mr. Chambers probably placed it in 
the genus Gelechia, under the name of Gelechia gleditschiaeetta (Index, 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 189 

p. 144), having regard to the description which he had given of the 
form of the hind wings; but lacking this character it is not a true 
Gelerhla. 

I can find no description of Gelerhia gleditschiseella, and no other 
reference to it than that contained in the "Index" to "vol. x. p. ," 
which is not correct, the species not being noticed in that vol- 
ume. 

Genus CARPOSINA. 
102. Carposina orescentella. sp. nov.— Palpi with second joint en- 
larged, somewhat claviform, third joint short and blunt, both fuscous tipped with 
whitish. Head greyish fuscous, the fa*ce somewhat paler; tongue yellowish, 
naked; antennae of the male strongly ciliated, of the female simple, greyish fus- 
cous. Fore wings whitish grey, mottled with greyish fuscous; the costa greyish 
fuscous at the base, with about six diffuse greyish-fuscous spots along the costal 
margin, the first and least conspicuous being before the middle, the others at or 
beyond it; diffuse spots of greyish fuscous are continued around the apical mar- 
gin, each throwing a shade of the same color through the greyish cilia; there is a 
dark-margined white crescent-shaped mark at the end of the cell, the upper por- 
tfon of which contains some bright ochreous scales; this is preceded and followed 
by greyish-fuscous blotches. Immediately below the costal margin and before 
the middle is a short bright ochreous longitudinal streak, below which an irregu- 
lar greyish-fuscous shade extends to the dorsal margin. On the outer edge of the 
dark costal patch at the base is an oblique bright ochreous streak, not reaching 
the costa, and below this, about the base of the dorsal margin, is a small greyish- 
fuscous blotch. Hind wings pale greyish fuscous, the cilia having a slight brown- 
ish-ochreous tinge. Anal tuft ochreous. Posterior tibise pale ochreous above; the 
tarsi fuscous, spotted with pale ochreous at the joints. Exp. % 17, 9 lfi m ''~ 
lim. 

I have at least one other species of this genus from California. 

Genus LECITHOCEKA. 

565. I.,ecitliocera? flavistrigella. sp. nov.— Head rough, yellowish, 
tinged with ferruginous on the frontal tuft. Labial palpi rather short, depressed, 
with projecting bristles at the outer side on the second and apical joints, the api- 
cal joint fuscous. Maxillary palpi well developed. Antennae fully as long as the 
fore wings, stout, setaceous, pale yellow. Thorax and fore wings purple; the fore 
wings oblong ovate, with a long yellow outwardly widening basal streak reaching 
near to an oblique yellow dorsal spot before the dorsal cilia, beyond which on the 
costa is a rather larger spot of the same color: the cilia at the extreme apex shin- 
ing yellowish grey, above and beneath fuscous. Hind wings lanceolate, pale pur- 
plish, with fuscous cilia. Abdomen and third pair of legs greyish-fusoous, the 
tibife densely pilose. Expanse 9 millim. 

The labial palpi are shorter than in Leclthovcra hit IcorneUa , Zell. 
Having only one specimen in my own collection, the other belonging to 
the Am. Ent. Hoc. Phil., I do not examine the neuration. Its long and 
thick antennae agree well with the genus in which I have placed it, and 
of which I have one or more other species from California. 

(48) 



19(1 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

Genus (EGOCOKIA. 

417. CEgoCMtnia lilt ipriiiiis. sp. nov. — Palpi pale oehreous, the second 
joint with ;i fuscous patch at the base externally, apical joint with a fuscous spot 
beneath at its base. Tongue pale oehreous, the maxillary palpi tinged with fus- 
cous. Head pale oehreous. Antennae very thick, with a serrated appearance 
beneath, brownish fuscous above, pale oehreous beneath and at the joints. Thorax 
pale oehreous, tinged anteriorly with brownish fuscous. Fore wings with thecosta 
rather straight, beyond a slight bulge near the base; apex rounded, apical margin 
somewhat oblique, slightly convex. Dorsal margin straight, nearly parallel with 
the costal, pale oehreous, much suffused and irregularly clouded with brownish 
fuscous, which occupies the whole of the costal and apical portions of the wing, 
except a pale fascia, commencing at the costal cilia, turning outwards at a right 
angle at the apex of the cell, then again, downwards to the anal angle; the apical 
margin and the dorsal half of the wing are also chiefly pale oehreous, enclosing 
one plical and two discal diffused brownish-fuscous spots, of which the outer one 
near the end of the cell is the most conspicuous ; cilia tinged with greyish fuscous. 
Hind wings very pale cinereous; fringes greyish fuscous, with a pale oehreous 
line along their base. Expanse 18 milliin.* 

This species has much broader wings than the* European (Egoronia 
quadripuncta, Haw. ; but the colors are much the same, although dif- 
ferently arranged. The only specimen I have seen is in somewhat 
imperfect condition ; it is in the collection of the Am. Ent. Soc. Phila- 
delphia. 

Genus PIORI 11 A. 
224. Pigritia latieapitella. 

Pigritia laticapitella, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. I860, p. 173; Tin. Nor. Am. 
pp. 41, 136. 

Blastobasis > aufugella, Zeller, Verh. z.-b. Ges. "Wien, 1S73, p. 300. 
Dryope murtfeldtella, Cham, (partim) Can. Ent. vi. p. 50. 

This specimen received from Mr. Chambers, is in the collection of the 
Peabody Acad. Sci. Salem, Mass. I have little doubt that this is Blas- 
tobasis ? aufugella, Zeller, the description of which agrees extremely 
well with light well-marked varieties of this species. Prof. Zeller, after 
comparing it with Blastobasis pht/eidella, its resemblance to which is 
also noticed by Mr. Stainton (Tin. Nor. Am. p. 136), expresses some 
doubt whether it should be rightly included in the genus Blastobasis or 
classed with Hypaiimu, which it resembles in the absence of a notch at 
the base of the antenme of the males. Probably it will be convenient, 
for the" present at least, to retain Clemens's genus Pigritia. Mr. Cham- 
bers described (Can. Ent. vi. p. 50) two varieties of his Dryope. murt- 
feldtella, one of which he writes " should perhaps be regarded as a 
distinct species."' A specimen received from Mr. Goodell, referred to in 
his list as "Dryope murtfeldtella , Chambers type," undoubtedly belongs 



* Habitat, Orono, Me.— C. H. Fkr.nald. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 191 

to this possibly distinct variety, and is equivalent to Pigritia ochrocom- 
ella, Clemens. 

Genus 151, AS I OB ISIS. 

104, 741, 742. Blastobasis glandulella. 

Geleehia glandule/la, Riley, Can. Ent. iii. p. 18? 

Blastobasis nubilella, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 297; 1875. p. 139. 
Holcocera glandulella, Riley, Can. Ent. vi. p, 18, Ac, see " Index." 
Blastobasis glandulella, Chambers, Index. 

Prof. Zeller (Verh. z. b. Ges. Wien, 1875, p. 139) suggests that most 
probably his Blastobasis nubilella is the species described by Riley as 
Holcocera glandulella. I have several specimens of B. glandulella 
which undoubtedly agree with Zeller's figure and description of B, 
nubilella ; but Prof. Riley's own authority is desirable to confirm the 
opinion that they are one species. 

Genus GRACILARIA. 
1029. Gracilaria swederella, Thnb. 
Gracilaria alchimiella (Wocke, Cat. 2317). 

Gracilaria superbifrontella, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1861, p. 5: Tin. Nor. 
Am. p. 91, &c, see " Index." 

Gracilaria packardella, Cham. Can. Ent. iv. p. 27, Ac, see " Index." 
Gracilaria elegantella, F. A B. S. e. Z. xxxiv. pp. 202, 203. 

This specimen in Mr. Goodell's collection is labelled U G. packar- 
della, Cham." 

Although the pale costal patch occupies a larger proportion of the 
fore wing than is usual in our European swederella, it seems extremely 
doubtful whether this can be regarded as specifically distinct. G. sweder- 
ella varies in this respect, and often approaches very closely to the speci- 
men before me. I have received others from Miss Murtfeldt as G. 
packardella, Cham. ; there is a similar specimen in the Peabody Acad- 
emy of Sciences at Salem, received from Mr. Chambers himself, under 
the same name. 

These differ from the present example in the somewhat less extended 
costal patch, being incised beyond the middle of its lower margin by a 
projection from the darker dorsal portion of the wing. G. swederella 
often approaches this form also ; and until more evidence has been ob- 
tained, the distinctness of G. packardella from G '. superbifrontella must 
be at least open to doubt. 

I find these two varieties referred to in my notes on Dr. Clemens's 
types of G. superbifrontella, written at Philadelphia in 1872, where 
they were both placed under the' same name. 

Dr. Clemens himself suggested (Tin. Nor. Am. p. 91) that G. super- 
bifrontella, Clem., must be closely allied to the European G. swederella ; 



192 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

and Mr. Chambers (Can. Ent. ix. p. 195) writes of G. packardella ; — 
" It is allied to superbifrorftella and swederella more closely than to any 
other species. 

G. swederella feeds in Europe, so far as I am aware, upon oak alone ; 
G. superb if rontella feeds, according to Dr. Clemens, on Hamamelis vir- 
ginica (Wych hazel), according to Frey and Boll upon oak. 

Of G. packardella, Mr. Chambers writes (Can. Ent. iv. p. 27), "from 
circumstances I suspect it to be an oak-feeding species ;" but he subse- 
quently recognizes G. elegantella, Frey and Boll, as his G. packardella ; 
and in answer to the doubt expressed by those authors whether their spe- 
cies was bred from oak or maple, he writes (Cin. Quart. Journ. Sci. ii. p. 
227) : — "I have long known the larva on maple, and last fall succeeded 
in breeding G. packardella from it." 

There must surely be some mistake among these different observations, 
unless the larva of G. swederella is polyphagous in America. It is not 
clear from Chambers's description in what points G. packardella differs 
from G. mperbif rontella in the perfect state ; nor does the description 
of G. elegante/la appear to show any very reliable distinctive differences. 
But I am well aware that Mr. Chambers has much better opportunities 
for judging in this matter than I can have. His final decision will be 
accepted by no one more readily than myself; but I hope these remarks 
may induce him to compare his specimens with Dr. Clemens's type and 
to express his matured opinion. 

32,33. ? (xracilaria corouiella. 

Gracilaria coroniella, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 421, v. p. 145; Tin. Nor. 
Am. p. 243. 

These two specimens are labelled, " Bred from Betula alba." I have 
little doubt that they belong to the species described by Dr. Clemens 
under the above name (see Tin. Nor. Am. p. 243), from a single hiber- 
nated specimen. 

The " small costal pale yellow spot," " a little posterior to the triangu- 
lar patch," is not noticeable in these specimens, which agree in all other 
respects with the description. 

This species is very nearly allied to Gracilaria stigmatei/a, Fab. 
(Wocke, Cat. 2320), from which it differs in its paler head and thorax 
and its somewhat narrower fore wings, also in the pale costal patch occu- 
pying a somewhat larger proportion of the wing-surface, and being cut 
off obtusely on the fold, not prolonged outwards in a slight point be- 
neath. Moreover the larvae of G. stigmate/la feed upon poplar, willow, 
and s;ill(i\v. but not (so far as I am aware) upon birch. A single speci- 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 193 

men in Mr. Walsh's collection, of which I have a short note, was de- 
stroyed in the Chicago fire.* 

825. Gracilaria elongella, var. ? (Wocke, Cat. 2331 1. 

Greatly as this appears to differ from the typical G. elovgella (813. 
814), I am disposed to regard it as a form of that most variable species, 
approaching, if not identical with. G. roscipennelta, Hub. A long series 
of G. elongel/a, taken by me in California and Oregon, includes this 
form and almost* every possible gradation between this and the typical 
G. elongella. G. roscipennella , Hub., is figured in Her.-Sch'aff. Schmet. 
v. Eur. pi. 95. fig. 732. I have never seen a European specimen agree- 
ing with this figure, and there may possibly be evidence of its distinct- 
ness with which I am unacquainted and which may have induced Dr. 
Wocke to maintain the name in his Catalogue (No. 2331 j, although he 
himself regards G. roscipennella, Treitsche. as referable to G. e/ongel/a. 

1241, 1242. Gracilaria robiniella. 

Parectopa robiniella. Clem. Proe. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 4: Tin. Nor. Am. p. 207. 
Gracilaria robiniella, Cham., see " Index." 

Parectopa lespedezaefoliella, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1860, p. 210: Tin. 
Nor. Am. p. 144. 

Gracilaria lespedezafoliella, Cham., see " Index." 
Gracilaria mirabilis. F. it B. S. e. Z. xxxiv. p. 212. 

In my copy of Mr. Stainton's edition of Clemens's paper (Tin. Nor. 
Am. p. 145 ), I find that Dr. Clemens states that his Parectopa lespe- 
dezse/o/iel/a has "two silvery white spots" on the costa. A marginal 
note on this page, made after an examination of the type of this species 
at Philadelphia, reminds me that it has " three decidedly." Moreover 
my note on comparing this with the type of P. robiniella at the same 
time is, "scarcely to be separated. I cannot, with a strong glass, de- 
tect the slightest difference." A figure of Gracilaria mirabilis, F. & 
B., taken from a specimen in Mr. Stainton's collection, confirms Mr. 
Chambers's view that this species is equal to G. robiniella, Clem, (see 
Index). 

Mr. Stainton has kindly added a footnote to the figure, "= Parec- 
topa le&pedezsefoliel I a . These three names have therefore been given 
to the same species. 

Genus ORM1X. 
1142. Or III X anglicella, 8tn. (Wocke, Cat. 2366). 

I am unable to distinguish this from the common European Oi nix 
anglicella. It may possibly have been described under another name in 
America, but I have not been able to recognize it. 

* Kabitat, Orono, Me.— C. H. Fernald. 

I HANS. AMIOIi. ENT. SOI. X. (49) NOVEMBER , 1 882. 



194 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

1015, 1016. Oi-ui v. sp. {prunivoreUa, Chain.?). 

Lithocolletis geminatella, Pack. 

I think these may be Ornix prunivoreUa, Cham., although that author 
does not record that the larva of that species feeds on apple or pear. 
These specimens are not in good condition, and it is impossible, in so 
difficult a genus as Ornix, to be quite certain to what species they be- 
long. 

They are the types of Lithocolletis geminatella, Packard, according to 
the label attached to the second specimen, but they undoubtedly belong- 
to the genus Ornix. 

Genus < OLEOPHOB A. 
705. Coleophora leucochrysella. 

Coleophora leucochry sella, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 6; Tin. Nor. Am. p. 
211. 

Coleophora argentella, Cham. Can. Ent. x. p. 112, and" Index." 
Coleophora argentialbella, Cham. Can. Ent. vii. p. 75. 

This is C. argentella of Chambers's "Index," the larger of the two 
distinct species, both called by him Col. argentialbella. In Can. Ent. 
vii. p. 75, Mr. Chambers describes this species thus, " apical part of the 
primaries very sparsely dusted with scattered dark brown scales;" adding, 
" four specimens, only one of which exhibits the dusting." Coleophora 
leucochry sella, Clem., expands j an inch, and is the same as L. argen- 
tella, but without the dusting. It has much the appearance of Coleo- 
phora ibipennella , Zell. (Wocke, Cat. 2423), but .without a knowledge 
of the larval case it would be premature to express any certainty as to 
its identity. 

It is not impossible that Mr. Chambers may have had two distinct 
species before him when describing his two varieties of C. argentella. 

1180. 1181. CJoleophora malivorella. 

Coleophora mallvorel/a, Riley, Agrieul. Rep. 1878, pp. 48, 49, pi. vii. fig. 1. 
Coleophora multipulvella, Cham. Bull. U. S. G. & G. Surv. iv. p. 93. 

These specimens were kindly lent by Prof. Riley. The species has 
much the appearance of the European Coleophora hemerobiella, Zell., 
which also feeds on apple, but the case of the larva is of quite a differ- 
ent form. 

Mr. Chambers's description of his C. multipulvella precisely agrees 
with specimens received from Prof. Riley ; but I have not seen his type. 

Genus L4VKKNA. 

240. Laverim snbiri«l<*!«»«eiis, sp. nov. — Maxillary palpi short. Labial 

palpi (having the third joinl hall' the length of the second, coarsely scaled and 

abruptly pointed), whitish grey, with the scales tipped with fuscous on their outer 

sides. Antennae with enlarged basal joint brown. Head cinerous, face paler; 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 195 

tongue probably broken off. Thorax cinereous. Fore wings dirty whitish along 
the dorsal margin below the fold, sparsely dusted with cinereous scales. Brown 
above the fold, much sprinkled with cinereous and rosy iridescent scales; a broad 
oblique dirty whitish streak from the costal cilia before the apex, containing a 
line of brown scales, meets a similar but less conspicuous streak from the dorsal 
margin at an acute angle before the apex, in which are two dark lines, (meat the 
base, the other at the ends of the apical cilia: within the lower margin of the 
darker portion of the wing are two considerable tufts of raised scales of the gen- 
eral hue, the first slightly before the middle, the second nearly halfway from this 
to the apex: dorsal cilia cinereous. Hind wings cinereous, with a slight greyish 
iridescent tinge; cilia cinereous. Abdomen missing. Expanse 20 millim. 

This species is nearly allied to Laverna idpei. Zell. ( Wocke, Cat. 
2569). 

One in Prof. Fernald's collection.* 

225,226,645,646. Laverna? eloisella. 

Laverna eloisella, Clemens, Proc. Ac. Xat. Sci. Philad. I860, p. 171 ; Tin. Nor. 
Am. p. 1.31 ; Can. Ent, ix. p. 74. 

Laverna? cenotherceella, Chambers, Can. Ent. vii. p. 30. 

PhyUocnistis magnatella, Zeller, Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1873, p. 315. 

Laverna? magnatella. Chambers, Can. Ent. ix. pp. 73,74; Bull. U. S. Gr. & G. 
Surv. 1878, iv. p. 152. 

My notes on this species confirm my belief that it is the original 
Laverna. eloisella, Clem. Two specimens in Prof. Fernald's collection 
are labelled "from stems of (Enuthera. Orono." I have received it from 
Miss Murtfeldt; and have taken it in Oregon on. Rouge River." 

When looking over Dr. Clemens's types at Philadelphia, I made the 
following note on Laverna eloisella: — "Not a Lavoua. Only two 
wings, both worn, remain. Identical with my two from Rouge River.'' 

In my notes on Mr. Robinson's collection in the Central Park Mu- 
seum, New York. I find — "Clemens's description of L. eloisella seems 
to have been taken from a worn specimen. 

I confess there is much difficulty in reconciling the original descrip- 
tion with the specimens now before me; but it' the wings 1 saw at 
Philadelphia were those of Clemens's type, they belong without doubt 
to the same species. Mr. Chambers. Can. Ent. ix. p. 71. write.-. " 1 
have never seen L. eloise.l/a, Clem., but 1 suspect that it will be found 
congeneric with this species" (Laverna? magnatella). The specimens 
vary in the extent and intensity of their different markings, and. like all 
internal feeders, are very subject to injury by grease. 

■■ Habitat. Labrador. Collected by Mr. William Cowper.— C. H. PkunaLD. 



196 LORD WAL6INGHAM. 

30, 215. Larerna subbistrigella. Haw. (Wocke, Cat, 2583). 

My British specimens of this species, having been all taken after 
hibernation, are slightly paler than the American examples in Prof. 
Fernald's collection ;* but I am unable to separate them by any differ- 
ences of specific value. 

The species has not hitherto been recorded from America. I met with 
it myself in California in 1871. 

31, 57, 129, 130. Laverna decorella, Stph. (Wocke, Cat. 25S2). 
? Laverna unifasdella, Chambers, Can. Ent. viii. p. 159. 

I am unable to distinguish these specimens from Laverna decorella, a 

species not hitherto recorded as occurring in America. Mr. Chambers 

describes his Laverna unifasdella as allied to L. murtfeldtella, Chamb., 

and the preceding species (L. bi/ascieUa, Ch.), but still more nearly to 

L. decorella, Steph..," received from " Behrens, San Francisco." I met 

with L. decorella myself near San Francisco in 1871, at the end of 

April, and in Mendocino county, California, in the following month, and 

am strongly disposed to think that Mr. Chambers's L. unifasdella, which 

I have not seen, is the same species. j" 

902. L.averna luciferella. 

Laverna luciferella, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. I860, p. 171; Tin. Nor. Am. 
p. 130. 

L. cephalanthiella, Cham. Can. Ent. iii. p. 221, vii. p. 53, xi. p. 7, and Index. 
A specimen of L. cephalanthiella, Cham., received from Mr. Cham- 
bers himself, is in the collection of the Peabody Academy of Sciences, 
Salem, Mass. I have carefully compared it with an example of Laverna 
luciferella, Clem., with which it agrees. 

Genus WIISOMA. 
1019. ? Wilsonia brevivittella. 

Wilsonia brevivlttella, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 428; Tin. Nor. Am. 
p. 254. 

Laverna cenotherccvorel/a, Cham. MS. 

Laverna cenotherceseminella, Cham. Can. Ent. viii. p. 138. xi. p. fi. 
This stands as Laverna WHofhcnxseminella in the "Index," and is 
the same as specimens received by me from Miss Murtfeldt, I feel 
sure that it is Clemens's Wilsonia, the peculiar palpi are well described 
by Clemens. 

The specimen before me is in Mr. Goodell's collection, and is stated 
in his list to be the "type" of L. senothersevoreMa, Cham. 

It would be well to compare specimens with the type of Clemens's 
Wilsonia, in order to remove any possible doubt that may remain after 
studying the descriptions. 

* Habitat, Orono, Me. — C. H. Fernald. f Ibid. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 197 

Genus STILBOSIS. 

372, 1020, &c. Stilbosis tesquella. 

Stilbosis tesquella, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nut. Sci. Phila. 1860, ]». 170; Tin. Nor. Am. 
pp. 40, 129. 

Stilbosis tesquella, Cham. " Index." 

Laverna? quinquecristatella, Cham. Cin. Soc. Nat. Hist. 1881, p. 5. 

Mr. Chambers's type of Laverna quinquecristatella in Mr. Groodell's 
collection proves that this name must give place to that which accom- 
panies Dr. Clemens's prior description of the same species. 

I think I can detect very short maxillary palpi not mentioned by Dr. 
Clemens. 

Walshia amorphella, Clem., as noticed below, has also been placed by 
Mr. Chambers in the genus Lavema, to which it undoubtedly has the 
appearance of being allied. 

Genus WALSHIA. 
977. Walshia stmorphella, Clem. Proc. Enfc. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 419. 
Laverna miscecolorella, Cham. Can. Ent. vii. p. 51. 

This type of L. miscerahrelln, received from Mr. Chambers, and pre- 
served in the collection of the Peabody Academy of Sciences at Salem, 
agrees with my examples of Walshia compared with Clemens's type at 
Philadelphia in 1872. 

Genus S< If It IX K ENS I I ! XI I. 
827,828. Sckreckensteiiiia festaliclla. Hub. (Woeke, Cat. 2705). 

This generic name adopted in Wocke's Catalogue should probably take 
precedence of Chryscorys, under which name, following Dr. Jordan and 
Mr. Stainton, I referred this species to the Pterophoridae (Pter. Cal. & 
Or pp. 1,2). Its larval habits, especially in the formation of an open 
network cocoon before pupation, give rise to considerable doubt whether 
it can rightly be included in that family. 

Mr. Chambers places his beautiful Lithariapteryx abroniseella 
among the Grlyphipterygidae, but it agrees in neuration and iu the form 
of the wings almost exactly with Schreckensteinia. Their oral parts are 
also very nearly similar. In having no maxillary palpi it would appear 
to approach the subfamily of Elachistina rather than the (xlyphiptery- 
gina. 

Genus COSJIOPTERYX. 
228, 229. Cosiii©i>l«»rj x l°ernal<lella, sp. now 

There are two specimens of a new species of Cosmopteryx in Prof. 
Fernald's collection, for which I propose the above name. This is a most 
interesting species, very closely allied to the European Cosmopteryx 
HenigieUa, Zell. (AVocke. Cat. _!70!> . differing from it in the following 
particulars. The upper median streak before the first fascia is short and 

(50) 



198 LORD WAL8INGHAM. 

disconnected, not continued to the base of the wing. The apical streak 
is rather more slender, and the black spot on the saffron-yellow space 
between the golden bands is decidedly elongate, whereas in Uenigiella it 
is not longer than its width. It would be interesting to learn whether 
any species of Arundo grows where these specimens were taken. Its 
larvae may possibly be found to have similar habits to those of lieniyiella, 
which mine the leaves of Arundo phragmites in August and September. 
Postponing for the present a more detailed description, I have named it 
after my friend Professor C. H. Fernald, to whom I am greatly indebted 
in my studies of North American Tineidae and Tortricidas, and whose 
labors upon the latter of these two families promise to yield valuable re- 
sults. 

1189. Cosmopteryx lespedezee, sp. nov. 

This is a beautiful new Cosmop/t-iy/x in Prof. Riley's collection, 
labelled " Cosm .opteryx on Lespedeza, Boll." Nearly allied to ('.cle- 
menseUa, Stn., and possibly to C. montisella, Cham.; differing from 
clemenseUa in having the outer margin of the dark basal portion of the 
wing more oblique, the two middle silver streaklets preceding the orange 
band rather longer, and especially in the annulation of the antennae. ( '. 
clemenseUa has a broad white band about T g of an inch wide at the 
commencement of the outer third of the antenna?, preceded and fol- 
lowed by equally wide dark bands, the apex being widely white. 

The species now before me has the wide dark band before the white 
apex ; but this is preceded by a very narrow white band, which in its 
turn is preceded by an equally narrow dark one. In other respects it 
closely resembles C. clemenseUa , the orange band being pale as in this 
species. C. montisella is described as having a dorsal and an apical 
streak beyond the orange fascia; this species has only an apical. 

Genus BATRAfHEDRA. 

1229, 12. r IO. Batrachedra rileyi, sp. nov. — Bred from rotten cotton-bolls. 

Head chestnut-brown; palpi widely divergent, whitish, with an oblique pale 
brown mark on each side near the end of the second joint, and two or three 
brownish spots on the sides of the apical joint. Antenna" with white and fuscous 
annulations: the basal joint elongate, chestnut brown. Fore wings chestnut- 
brown, slightly shaded with fuscous towards the costal margin : a whitish oehre- 
ous streak at the base of the dorsal margin, followed by two or three other smaller 
ones along the dorsal margin (in some specimens these are obsolete): above the 
dorsal margin are two oblique whitish ochreous streaks, the first before the mid- 
dle, the second before the anal angle. A similar streak from the costal margin 
immediately before the apex is outwardly margined by a streak of black scales, 
the apex and apical margin being also black; there is also a faint fuscous streak 
running downwards through the cilia below the apex. On the cell are two elon- 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 199 

gate patches of black scales, one immediately before the middle of the wing, the 
other halfway between this and the base. Fringes grey, with a slight yellowish 
tinge. Hind wings pale greyish. Hind tibiae greyish white, outwardly fuscous ; 
hind tarsi whitish, with a wide fuscous band followed by two fuscous spots on 
their outer sides. Expanse II millim. 

This is a most interesting species, nearly allied to Balrachedra leder- 
erieUa, Zell., which Monsieur Milliere has bred from larvae, feeding in 
the webs of the gregarious larvae of Lipafis chrt/xbrrhcea, Lin. I have 
also bred it from among old webs of other larvae and of spiders on 
branches of different species of Mimosa and other shrubs, also from old 
galls on Pistuihia terebinthus and a species id' Cornus (?) in the south 
of France, these galls containing numerous webs of spiders. I have 
found larvae of Batrachedra jveeangusfa among the cotton-like seeds of 
sallow (Salix raprsea), and in one instance in a goldfinch's nest lined 
with that substance. The habitat of the larva of this new species is 
particularly interesting, confirming these observations as to the substances 
chosen for food by the known species of this genus. It would be desir- 
able to ascertain whether the larva of Batrachedra mh'nipomonella, 
Clem., bred from galls on Salix cordata by the late Mr. B. I). Walsh 
and Dr. Clemens, finds any similar source of nutriment in or among the 
galls which it frequents. 

• ienus IDIOSTOMA. Wlsm. 
445. IdioMtoiua amerioella, sp. nov. 

Antennae pale straw-color. Labial palpi straw-white, widely diverg- 
ing, the apical joint as long as the very slightly stouter second joint. 
Maxillary palpi clothed with long, straight, straw-white hairs, projecting 
downwards. In the Proc. Ent. Soc. London, 1881, p, 27o, pi. xiii. f. 
42. I described this genus, from a single .South-African specimen, under 
the name of ldioglossa, as having tufts of hair-like scales at the base of 
the tongue ; but I was then in some doubt a,s to the true position of these 
tufts. There is no doubt as to the present species being congeneric with 
the African one; but the tufts belong undoubtedly to the maxillary 
palpi, the joints of which they conceal. Having only a single specimen, 
I am again precluded from dissecting it ; but the original generic descrip- 
tion must be amended in this particular, and the name, which is mis- 
leading, must be changed. The specimen in the collection of the 
American Ent. Soc. Philadelphia is much worn ; but the genus is 
completely distinct from all other known genera, and is easily recog- 
nizable at a glance by the ornamentation of the hind wings. Since this 
specimen has been sent back to America. I have received, through the 
kindness id' Mons. E. Ragonot. a beautiful example, collected in Texas 



200 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

by the late Mr. Boll, which has enabled me to amend the description. 
Fore wings straight, narrow and sharply pointed, straw-colored ; an ob- 
lique brownish streak or fascia about the basal third of the wing, nearer 
to the base on the dorsal than on the costal margin, sending a point of 
scales of the same color outwards along the middle of the cell, with 
silvery metallic scales before it towards the base, above it towards the 
costa, and beyond it along the dorsal margin, some of which have a lilac 
iridescent lustre ; a brownish streak from the commencement of the cos- 
tal cilia, tending obliquely outwards to the dorsal margin, internally mar- 
gined with bright silvery scales, above and below which are brownish- 
fuscous streaks through the cilia ; the extreme apex is silvery. The 
hind wings, which are narrower than the fore wings, are pale straw- 
colored, straight and sharply pointed, showing three distinct silvery 
fasciae, the outer one being the narrowest of the three ; these are mar- 
gined on both sides by brownish submetallic scales ; beyond the outer 
fascia is a bronzy brown shade, the cilia above and beneath it, and at the 
extreme apex, being darkened in contrast to the remainder, which are 
very pate straw-white ; legs very pale straw-color ; abdomen straw-col- 
ored, barred with silvery. On the dorsal margin of the fore wings are 
two groups of dark projecting scales, one before and one beyond the 
middle, and there is a similar group before the middle of the hind wings. 
Expanse 10 millim. 

One specimen in the collection of the Am. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia. 

Genus II KlllSli 
107fi. Elacliista? iiietallif'era, sp. nov- Head, palpi, thorax, and base 
of the fore wings silvery grey. Antennre somewhat darker, marked on their 
outer half above by six dilute silvery grey spots, including the extreme apex as 
one of the six. Head smooth : palpi depressed, the apical joint slightly upturned. 
Fore wings shining dark brown, with a slightly oblique golden fascia before the 
middle, wider and nearer to the base on the costal than on the dorsal margin ; on 
its outer margin below the fold a tuft of raised brown scales; beyond the middle 
is a second golden fascia, wider and nearer to the base on the dorsal than on the 
costal margin; on its outer edge a tuft of raised brown scales; a silvery shining 
costal spot before the apex, and a larger opposite dorsal one with a beautiful blue 
and purple iridesence; the points of the brown apical cilia are whitish. Dorsal 
cilia and hind wings with their cilia brownish grey. The legs brown, with con- 
spicuous shining white bands and tarsal spots. Apparently allied to E. madare.Ua, 
Clem., but with a different arrangement of markings. Expanse 5 millim. 

One specimen in Mr. Goodell's collection. 

I place this provisionally in the genus Elachista, from which it differs 
only in the possession of raised tufts of scales, so far as can be ascer- 
tained without denuding the wings. Elachista bicristutella, Cham. Cin. 
Soc. Nat. Hist. vol. ii. p. 187, has the same peculiarity. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 201 

Genus .ESYL.E. 
889. ^Esyle faseiella. 

JEsyle faseiella, Cham. Cin. Quart. Journ. Sci. ii. p. 97. Ac... and " Index." 
Lithocolletis ? faseiella. Can. Ent. vii. p. 93. 

Gracilaria faseiella, Cham. Can. Ent. ix. p. 123; Can. Ent. xi. p. IIS. ix. p. 
194. 

Gracilaria 5-note/la. Cham. Can. Ent. xi. p. 118, ix. p. 194. 

? Gracilaria (Corifsciurn) qiiinquenote/la, Cham. Can. Ent. ix. p. 124. 

Mr. Chambers first described this species under the new generic name 
jEsyle, and drew attention to its great similarity to Lithocolletis, except 
in the neuration of the hind wings (Cin. Quart. Journ Sci. ii. p. 98) ; 
subsequently (Can. Ent. ix. p. 194) he suggested that this species. 
which he found had also been described by him under the name " Gra- 
cilaria Q-iiotellu" might possibly be the Gracilaria fulgidella of Clem- 
ens. 

I think this is not improbable, having regard to Dr. Clemens's descrip- 
tion of G. fuhjidella, and to my brief note on Clemens's type made in 
1872: — "Surely not a Gracilaria ? a small species." The species de- 
scribed by Mr. Chambers has not the antennae of a Gracilaria, these 
being shorter than the anterior wings in the specimen before me. It 
was probably this same character which led me to doubt Clemens's speci- 
men being a true Gracilaria, except in the form of the palpi. It ap- 
pears to me to be more nearly allied to Lithocolletis than to Gracilaria, 
but [ have not examined the neuration. Mr. Chambers's figure of the 
hind wings (Journ. Cin. Soc. Nat. Hist, p. 203. fig. !>4 ) certainly shows 
some slight divergence from those of that genus, [n the collection of 
the Peabody Academy of Sciences, Salem. Mass., are specimens of the 
two extreme varieties referred toby Mr. Chambers (Can. Ent. ix. p. 
194, xi. p. 118). It is difficult to believe that they can be referable to 
the same species, although he gives apparently good reasons for thinking 
that they are so. 

Genus II 8 HO< OLLI I IS. 
655, 656. IiithocolletiK mariseella. 

Lithocolletis mariceella, Cham. Cin. Quart. Journ. Sci. ii. p. 99. 

Lithocolletis alniel/a, Cham. " Index" partim. 

Lithocolletis trifasciella, Cham. Can. Ent. xi. p. 92. 

This species approaches very closely to Lithocollei 'is fralichiclla , Zell. 
(Wocke, 2892), but differs from it in having the first and second trans- 
verse fasciae curved outwards, instead of straight as in the European 
species. L. mariseella. has been bred from Sgmpkoricarpus ', L. froz- 
lichiella feeds on Aluus. I received a specimen in 1878 from Miss 
Murtfeldt, labelled U L. bicidicostella, Clem. ; mariseella. Cham." It is 
quite distinct from lucid icostella, of which Mr. Stainton writes (Tin. 

TRANS. AMER. ENT. SOC. X. (51) NOVEMBER, 1 8S2. 



202 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

Nor. Am. p. (50), "allied to heegeriel/a, Zell., and tenella, Zell., Mr. 
Chambers in his " Index" gives mariseella as a synonym of L. alniella, 
Zell., and refers wrongly to Can. Ent. vi. p. 99 for the description. The 
reference should he Cin. Quart. Journ. Sci. ii. p. 99. 

The specimens now before me from Miss Murtfeldt's collection agree 
with Chambers's description of L. mariseella, from which L. alni- 
ella, Zell., is quite distinct, alniella being a grey-colored species, not 
golden. 

L. trifasciella, Haw., to which Mr. Chambers subsequently refers his 
L. mariseella, is also distinct from this species, having the dark anterior 
margins of white transverse fasciae much wider and more conspicuous. 
There is an American specimen of the true L. trifasciella, in Prof. 
Riley's collection labelled " From leaves of honeysuckle." 

Lithocolletis desmodiella. 

Lithocolletis desmndie/la, Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1859, pp. 319, 320; Tin. 
Nor. Am. pp. 65, 68, Ac. 

Lithocolletis gregariella, Murtfeldt, Can. Ent. xiii. p. 245. 
Specimens received from Miss Murtfeldt as Lith. gregariella, some in 
Pint'. Fernald's collection, some in my own, undoubtedly agree with Lith. 
dex mo< lie/la, Clem., from which Miss Murtfeldt was led to believe that 
they differed in some slight degree when she redescribed this pretty little 
species. 

4(1. LithoeoIletiN poinifbliella, Zell. (Wocke, Cat. 2852). 
Lithocolletis cratcegella. Clem. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1859, p. 324; Tin. Nor. 
Am. pp. 76. 77. 

This specimen in Prof. Fernald's collection labelled '■'■Lithocolletis 
cratsegella, Clem.," agrees with two others from Miss Murtfeldt's collec- 
tion under the same name. These are undoubtedly our well-known Euro- 
pean L. pomijoliella. 

Clemens writes of his L. cratagella, "Antennae, front, and tuft dark 
silvery grey." Stain ton writes of L. pomifoliella, " head bright saffron- 
yellow; face and palpi white ; antennae white, annulated with fuscous." 
L have not been able to detect any differences in these points between 
American and European specimens. The faces of those now before me 
are as white as in English examples, and their heads are tufted with saf- 
fron above ; their antennae are also faintly annulated. 

Genus TISCHEKIA. 
(562,663. TiKflieria tinetoriella? 

Tischeria itnctoriellu, Cham. Cm. Quart. Journ. Sci. ii. pp. 108-111. 

These specimens are wrongly named in Miss Murtfeldt's list u Litho- 
coUetis quercifoliella, Clem.." with a footnote: — "I think there is a 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 203 

mistake about this species somewhere." Clemens did not describe a 
Lithoiolletis quercifotitlla ; he renamed Argi/romiges quercifotietla oF 
Fitch, and called it Lithocolletis fitchella. The specimens before me 
belong to the genus Tixcheria, and arc probably the same as those 
referred to by Chambers under the name T. tinctorielln. The purple 
zigzag lines on the nidus of the larval mine, which accompanies these 
specimens, point to this conclusion. They approach in some respects 
Clemens's description of the female of his Tischeria ze/lerielfa, of which 
Chambers states that, so far as he is able to learn, there is no authentic 
specimen now extant." In Mr. Stainton's edition of Dr. Clemens's 
papers this is one of the few species not marked with an asterisk in the 
Index, thus signifying that it is one of which I did not see the type in 
the collection of the Entomological Society at Philadelphia in 1872. 
My notes assure me that this is a mistake. I have' a memorandum, 
made when the types were examined by me at that time, to the effect 
that this species (T 7 . zelleriel/a) approaches very closely to T. citrinipen- 
neltu, from which it seems probable that Clemens's type specimen still 
exists and that my observation refers to a male. 

The American representatives of the genus Tischeria require very 
careful study before a revision can be attempted. 

Genus LYOMETIA. 

599. Lyonetia latistrigella, sp. nov.— Head and palpi white. Antennae, 
except the white basal joint, bronzy brown. Thorax and fore wings white, with 
an oblique broad bronzy brown streak from the middle of the dorsal margin, 
somewhat narrowed where it crosses the fold, thence again dilated, ending in an 
obtuse point slightly above the middle of the wing at the commencement of the 
apical fourth ; beyond this is a large ferruginous patch, with one dorsal and three 
costal white streaks, internally margined with bronzy brown, and a large round 
black apical spot, preceded by some white scales from above and beneath; dorsal 
cilia of fore wing, abdomen, and hind wings with their cilia all bronzy brown ; 
legs white, touched with brown at the tarsal joints. Expanse 9 millim. 

One specimen in collection of Am. Ent. Soc. Phil. 

It is not impossible that this may be a variety of the species described 
by Dr. Packard as L. nidificansella (Guide, 354), which, as pointed out 
by Mr. Chambers, is evidently a Lyone.tia ; but the absence of the cos- 
tal streaks and other markings alluded to in the description lead me to 
regard it as a distinct species. Dr. Packard's species is probably more 
nearly allied to L. speeu/el/a, Clem. 

Genus BUCCIIL.ATRIX. 

1165. Buceulatrix triTasciella. 

Buceulatrix trifasciella, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. v. p. 147: Tin. Nor. Am. p. 
272, &c. 

Buceulatrix obscurof aniridia, Cham. Can. Ent. v. p. 150. 



204 LORD WALSINGHAM. 

This specimen in Prof. Riley's collection, received from Mr. Chambers 
as his B. obscitrnfaiiciel/a, is equal to specimens of B. tri/ascie/la, C\em., 
in my collection, which were named in America, probably from Clemens's 
type. 

1013, III 1 4. BiM'i'iilntrix pomifoliellsi. 

Bucculatri* pomifotiella, Clem. Proa. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1860, p. 21 1. 
Lithornl tetis curvi/ineatella, Pack. Guide, p. 354. 
Bucculatrix pomonetla. Pack. Guide, 7th edit. p. 354, pi. 8. 

Mr. Chambers (Can. Ent. iii. p 184) rightly suggested that Dr. Pack- 
ard s fj. curvilineatetla was probably a Bucculatrix. In the 7th edition 
of the 'Guide' (1880) the name B. pomonelta, Clem., is substituted for 
L. curvilineate/fn on page 354, although the latter remains in the Index 
as before. 

The specimens, before me, belonging to the collection of the Peabody 
Academy of Sciences, Salem, Mass., are, according to my information, 
the types of L. vitrvi/ineatel/a, Pack. 

Genus MItROPTERYX. 

815. 9Iicr»|»teryx auricyanea. sp. nov.— Head and face rough hoary 
whitish grey. Antennas missing. Fore wings golden bronzy, streaked and dot- 
ted with brilliant bright blue metallic, scales set on purple. The most noticeable 
of these are a series of spots around the apex and apical margin, an oblique streak 
from about the middle of the dorsal margin, and some blotches towards the mid- 
dle of the costa and above the anal angle. Cilia bronzy grey. Hind wings grey- 
ish towards the base, becoming purple towards the apex; cilia light yellowish 
grey. Expanse 13 millim. 

This species is very nearly allied to M. fastuosella , Zell., but differs in 
the arrangement of the blue spots, which in fastuosella are much more 
evenly distributed. 

One specimen in the collection of the Peabody Academy of Science, 
Salem, Mass. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 205 



Synopsis of the North American III I.IOTM I \ \ I . 

BY JOHN B. SMITH. 

Under the terra Heliothinae are grouped a number of genera and 
species, distinguished by no exclusive or peculiar character, and yet hav- 
ing a certain facies which enables the student to determine almost at a 
glance the species of the group. Nor is it quite correct to say that there 
are no peculiar characters — for a large proportion of them are very pecu- 
liar in the armature of the fore-tibia, which is distinct from any thing 
found elsewhere, but is not a feature of all the genera. 

There may of course be decided structural characters, which the ex- 
amination usually accorded to Lepidoptera does not and cannot re- 
veal. Owing to the dense clothing of the insects, and the absolute 
necessity of destroying a specimen to examine its anatomical structure, 
no really scientific classification of them has yet been made, and the 
present synopsis may at a future time, when the species become more 
common, be entirely superseded, even though the number of our species 
be not largely increased. 

In consequence of the well marked structural peculiarities of some 
members of the group, the study, in the beginning, appeared an easy 
task. This idea was soon dispelled by the discovery of a certain 
heterogenity in those genera with many species. In the progress 
of the work, while I hope to prove definitely that certain genera are 
unnecessary, it will be observed that specific synonyms are comparatively 
few. 

Before I had advanced very far in my studies it seemed that I would 
be compelled to choose one of two courses — either multiply genera on 
small structural differences, or unite all the species in one or two genera 
with a large number of species in each, creating sections or divisions, 
and giving them a sub-generic value. Neither of these courses entirely 
pleased me, and it was not until I had carefully examined all the species 
and made all the figures, that I finally arranged them and as they stand 
in the synopsis. It will perhaps be well that I should state exactly what 
value I have given to the various structural characters. First the eyes : 
They are all naked in the group, as I understand it (Lej>ipolj/s and 
Anartn being excluded, though Lygr. cupes has a very strong affinity 
in superficial appearance to the former), often rounded and globose, 

(52) 



20») J. B. SMITH. 

but in a very large proportion of the species narrow, ovate or reni- 
form. 

Lederer in his Nbctuinen Europas does not seem to be quite consist- 
ent in the value given to this as well as several other characters, and 
under the generic term Heliothls he grouped species with both narrow 
and round eyes. 

The species ononis is a true He/iofhis in all but the eyes, and these 
are decidedly narrowed and ovate, and by the use of this character two 
exceeding closely allied species are separated ; still it was an absolute 
necessity if this peculiarity has a generic value, and reflection convinced 
me that it deserves to be so considered. The character is evident, and I 
have not seen any specimen as yet in which the question was but for an 
instant doubtful in my mind, whether it had ovate or round eyes. The 
clypeus and its modifications next required attention, and the greatest 
possible diversity of clypeal structure occurs in this group. 

While not prepared to reject the character entirely, I was inclined to 
give it but small value, inasmuch as in Oharicleu (as that term is used 
by Lederer) there are some species with and others with no clypeal modi- 
fication. I observed however that in this group there are practically but 
two main kinds of modification, and the others were modifications of 
them. Except in one instance, so far as I now recollect, clypeal struc- 
ture alone has not been relied upon to separate genera ; that instance is 
Heliolonche which differs from Mellcliptriu only in the flattened shelf- 
like projection of the front. This I retained as distinct, giving the modi- 
fication thus far a generic value. 

The tongue does not vary enough to make discussion of the value of 
its modifications profitable. The palpi have an almost uniform pattern 
throughout, and the antennae do not afford a base even for oroupin»' the 
species. 

The thorax affords but one character, and that is in the nature of its 
vestiture. I have here given its variations a generic value, separating 
species with hairy vestiture from those which have it scaly or mixed. 
Charlciea is the only genus in which the thoracic vestiture is formed 
into tufts, and that genus differs in that respect from all others here 
treated of. 

The neuration of the primaries in this group affords little of generic 
value. The venation is remarkably constant, as shown in Plate VII, fig. 
4ti. In Pippona the accessory cell is wanting, and this peculiarity of 
venation would sustain the genus even did it have no other peculiarities 
(if structure. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 207 

Iii Heliothia paradoxus the neuration of the 9 > s normal ; of the % 
aberrant. This aberration I have not given a generic value, and have 
discarded Heliochllus which was based on it. This T have done because 
the aberration is found in one sex only, the 9 being a true Helioihis, 
and sexual characters should not in my opinion be accorded a generic 
value ; and also because it is an aberration only, entirely out of harmony 
with the variations elsewhere found in the venation of the Nbctuidae. 
The abdomen of the 9 sometimes has the oviduct more or less ex- 
truded, but no generic value can be attributed to this character for it 
grades so insensibly from one extreme to the other that it would be a 
matter of great difficulty if not impossibility to limit a genus thus based. 
The genitalia of the % I have not examined for the following reasons : 
first, they can never have a generic value ; second, I did not need them 
for sub-divisions, and in the third place there were many species of which 
I have seen the 9 on ty- 

The legs and more especially the tibiae have furnished bases for gen- 
eric divisions. Species with spinose tibiae I have uniformly separated 
from those not so armed, though there were described in MeUcliptria 
species with and without this distinction. 

The anterior tibiae vary very decidedly and I have given the variations 
a modified generic value. Those species of MeUcliptria which have the 
anterior tibia not abbreviated, and - merely terminated with spinules I 
separate from that genus. 

It was with that group having the anterior tibiae abbreviated and heavily 
armed that I had the greatest difficulty, the question being whether the 
variation had generic value, and if so to what extent. The negative 
seemed the safer and I have therefore followed that course. Still there is 
no genus the species of which differ very widely in armature except Shiuiu 
as that term is used by me, and here I found it impossible to give it any 
value, because if I had done so, very divergent species (superficial ap- 
pearance considered ) would have come into the same genus and closely 
allied species would be separated ; the modifications are so gradual also 
that it would be difficult to limit each genus. Very divergent forms 
superficially and perhaps structurally have thus been run together into 
one genus, but the differences are so gradual that I could discover no 
dividing line between the groups safe enough to base a genus on. 

The tarsal claws vary somewhat as will be seen by the few figures 
given. In the two species of Daxyspoudaea they are very strongly 
dentate. In Heliolonche they are perfectly simple, and in MeUcliptria 
obsoletely toothed. 'J here are variations other than those figured, but 



208 J. B. SMITH. 

I did not particularly note them, because I preferred not to use this 
character to separate even groups, as it would necessitate the use of a 
microscope — an instrument which not all students or collectors have. 

Regarding the arrangement of the species of each genus, and of the 
sequence of the genera in the appended list it is necessary to say a few 
words. 

Species are catalogued in the list as they follow in the synopsis, except, 
in Shinia. In this genus I have arranged them in accordance with 
superficial resemblance, retaining however as far as possible the §§ into 
which the genus is divided in the synopsis. 

Genera are placed so that those most closely allied are nearest together. 
The arrangement of the species and genera in Mr. Grote's various lists 
is entirely unnatural, and the fact that many species which were not 
congeneric were placed in the same genus, and that genera so closely 
allied as Shinia and Lytjnmthoecia, (sensu Grote) were widely sepa- 
rated, renders that almost a necessary consecpuence. 

Accepting as I do the theory of evolution and of modification by 
environment, I could not expect and did not attempt to show in a linear 
series all the relationships of the group — that I leave for a future work, 
when in a chart I hope to show the affinities of the Nurtuidae with the 
other Lepidoptera, and of the genera with each other. 

The affinities of the group, as was to be expected, tend in every direc- 
tion. Accepting Hetiothi* as the centre, it is preceded by Anarta and 
followed by Avontia. Pippona, Antapluga and Aedophron, ally it to 
Cucufh'a, Oleophana, and Nycterophaeta. Cirrhophanus (Chariclea 
sennit Grote) allies it to Plusia and JBasihdes. (Jharivlea (Pynhia 
Grote) unites it with Xunthia and Orthopia. Cirrhophanus I have 
omitted from the group, as rather more nearly allied to Plusia. 

I head the group with Sympistes which differs from Anarta chiefly 
in having naked instead of hairy eyes. Of the same shaggy form but 
with round eyes and a rather more He/iothid appearance is Pseudan- 
thoecia. Dasyspoudaea is closely allied but differs by the armed tibiae. 
Triocnemix with narrowed primaries and robust form is followed by 
Aedophron , which by its clypeal structure and wing form tends strongly 
to Cleopliana . Pippona has strong affinities in the same direction, but 
has heavily armed anterior tibiae. From this point Antapfaga, Grotella 
and perhaps Epinyctes and Bessu/a form a spur pointing to some forms 
of the Pli(siiii(ie. Pyrrhia and Htliothis best find space here, followed 
by Alaria with its strong Heliothid appearance and spinulated tibao, the 
anterior not very decidedly abbreviated. Shinia follows next, and com- 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 209 

pletes the chain in one way to the lower forms. Equally close to Helio- 
this though catalogued after Shinia comes Melaporphyria with its dark 
colors and ovate eyes, leading readily to Melir.Uptria with abbreviate and 
armed fore tibia : between Melicliptrio and Shinia. Heliophmw holds a 
place, bridging the gap between the two through Pseudotamila with scab 
vestiture and ovate eyes. Heliolonchc comes next, most nearly related 
to Meh'cfifitria, followed by Axenust, which is naturally followed by 
■Seftaca, which in turn is very near Annaphi/a. Pseudacontta forms 
the bridge between the pale more Trail forms of Shinia and the genus 
which it mimics. Derrima is aberrant, having decided affinities with 
Char idea peruana, and through it to Pluxia or allies. 

These relationships I have tried as far as possible to express by cata- 
loguing — with what suceess my readers must say. 

In the course of my work also the question as to what use I should 
make of Hubner's genera presented itself. I had already expressed 
myself strongly in favor of entirely ignoring Hiibner, not having at that 
time the experience with other authors that I have had since. I have 
therefore re-examined the entire subject, have read all that is written 
on it and have substantially adopted neither of the views heretofore 
advocated, but have laid out a course, apt to prove repugnant to most, 
but which I believe to be the one most consonant to justice and rea- 
son. 

It has never been determined what is necessary to create a genus ; 
what, if any. description was needed, and there have been as many 
courses as there have been authors. In the earlier times generic ideas 
were widely different from those now held, and characters universally in 
use now were then unknown. 

Genera have been even in recent times created by a mere designation 
of the type, and as Hubner's genera and many of Guenee's and Walk- 
er's are so imperfectly described, that it is utterly impossible to recognize 
the genus apart from a comparison with the species placed in it, they all 
stand on about the same footing and deserve the same treatment. 

Generic ideas have, as before remarked, changed, and while Hiibner's 
and Guenee's genera may have been perfectly />ure in the state of the 
science at that time, they are now deemed heterogeneous. Yet it must 
be remembered that all these authors had their own idea of what consti- 
tuted a genus, and this idea can only be gathered from a study of all, the 
species placed by them in tin' same genus. Unless a genus is expressly 
limited by description sufficient to identify it, or unless there is one par- 
ticular species distinctly designated as the type of the genus, every 

IKANS. AMEH. EST. SOC. X. (53) DECEMBER, 1882. 



210 J. 1$. SMITH. 

species placed in it by its author must be considered as equally a type, 
and the aggregation of these' species, distinct though they may be ac- 
cording to our ideas, is the generic idea of the author as to that particu- 
lar genus. When in the course of time the genus is divided up and 
new genera are created, based on some of its species, the original generic 
name, though it be retained, should not be credited to its originator, 
because the genus so named in the sense of its author has ceased to 
exist, and the genus should be credited to the author limiting and de- 
scribing it. 

This idea I have followed throughout this paper, and shall continue 
to follow it until it is shown to be incorrect or unjust, and ull the older 
works are placed on the same basis. It is, however, perhaps necessary to 
say that among Hubner's works entitled to consideration I do not count 
the Tentamen. 

While writing this paper and in the course of my studies on the group 
I have had before me, all the European genera and most of their species, 
and I find that while it is a perfectly easy task to limit the European 
genera, the American species, being much more numerous, so gradually 
diverge that it is a matter of great difficulty to say exactly where the 
line dividing the genera shall be drawn, and while I believe that the fol- 
lowing synopsis is accurate and sufficient to define the genera as they are 
now represented, I am well convinced that species will be found which 
will eventually close the gap between Heliothix dipsaceus and Shinla 
Thoreaui, and that all the species must be either placed in one genus, or 
genera must be so multiplied that there will be only one or two species 
in each — that is provided there be no new characters discovered upon 
which genera can be based. 

Further and particular discussion as to structure will be more in place 
when speaking of the respective genera. 

My thanks are due to Messrs. Henry Edwards and B. Neumoegen of 
New York for the loan of their and many of Mr. Grote's types, and to 
all my Brooklyn friends who placed at my disposal their entire collec- 
tions in which (especially that of Mr. Tepper ) there were many of the 
types. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 211 



Synopsis of the Genera. 

Tibiae not spinose. 

Anterior unarmed at tip. 
Clypeus without projection. 

Vestiture scaly or flattened hair s,> mpistes. 

Vestiture hairy. 

Eyes reniform or narrow ovate ff eliaca. 

Eyes rounded globose. 

Form robust, vestiture divergent, thorax untufted, head somewhat re- 
tracted Pseudanthoecia. 

Form less robust, vestiture not divergent, thorax with a crest behind 

collar, head not retracted C'liariclea J 

Clypeus with projection. 
Vestiture hairy. 

Eyes reniform, clypeal projection flattened Axeuus. 

Eyes round, globose clypeal projection tumescent Aedoplirou J 

Anterior armed at tip with claws or spines. 
Clypeus without projection. 

Vestiture scaly Pseudacou I ia. 

Vestiture hairy. 
Eyes globose. 

Head small, strongly retracted, wings short and wide, tibial armature 

consisting of 3 spines Derrima. 

Head large, not retracted; wings long and narrow, tibial armature con- 
sisting of a single claw Cliariclea ^ 

Clypeus with projection or excavation. 
Vestiture hairy. 

Eyes reniform. ovate Xaut liolhriv. 

Eyes globose round. 

Armature consisting of two outer claws, apex of primaries obtuse, outer 

margin rounded Aedoplirou g 

Armature consisting of two inner and two outer claws, primaries sub- 
lanceolate Pippoua. 

Vestiture scaly or flattened hair. 

Clypeus excavated, with a tubercle in excavation Alltaplaga. 

Clypeus with inferior plate projecting I.pi nj <-|«-s. 

Tibiae spinose. 

Anterior armed at tip. 

Clypeus witli projection or excavation. 
Vestiture hairy. 

Eyes round, globose I »<-•»<« 11 1 u. 

Eyes narrow, ovate or reniform IIU'I iolonclie. 

Vestiture scaly or mixed. 
Eyes round. 

Clypeus excavated, with tubercle in excavation <>i'otclla. 

Clypeus with inferior plate produced Miiiiiu £ 



212 J. B. SMITH. 

Clypeus without projection or excavation. 
Vestiture hairy. 

Eyes round, globose. 

Anterior tibia not abbreviated, armature consisting of terminal spin- 

ules Heliothis. 

Anterior tibia scarcely abbreviated, armature consisting of terminal 
claws; shaggy, robust, with small primaries, outer margins 

rounded Dasyspoudaea. 

Anterior tibia abbreviated, flattened; armature consisting of several 
long strong spines; vestiture recumbent, form moderate; prim- 
aries with oblique outer margin Alaria. 

Anterior tibia flattened, corneous at tip, with a long inner and shorter 
outer projection ; primaries very narrow with oblique outer mar- 
gin Triocnemis. 

Eyes small, ovate or reniform. 

Anterior tibia not abbreviated, armature consisting of terminal spin- 

ules Melaphorphyria. 

Anterior tibia abbreviated. 

With two inner and three outer claws, primaries wide, short. 

Heliophana. 
With a single inner claw only and from one to three outer claws, 
Primaries with produced apices and oblique outer margin, 

Melicliptria. 
Primaries wider, with apices less produced, outer margin more 

even Il«l iosesi. 

Vestiture scaly or mixed. 

Eyes globose or scarcely narrowed Shi it in % 

Eyes very small, narrow, ovate or reniform INeudota mi la. 

SYMPISTIS Hl>. 

Habitus of Anarta Mtjrtilla. Head small, retracted, with moderately 
long vestiture ; eyes small, naked, ovate ; tongue moderate, palpi short, 
with lengthy eiliae beneath. Thorax robust with evident collar, vesti- 
ture consisting of elongate flattened scales or hair (spiexxigen schuppen); 
primaries narrow, with rounded outer margin and elongate fringes ; legs 
strong, robust, tibiae not spinose, anterior unarmed at tip. Abdomen 
heavy, with small basal tuft. To this genus I refer Euros, Hy. Edw. 
(Papilio, 1, 19) which seems to have been described from an examina- 
tion of the type in an unnatural position, which caused Mr. Edwards to 
mistake the femora for tibiae, and the latter for the tarsi. Mr. Edwards 
type is a % . and from such examination as I have been able to make of 
the sexual pieces, they agree with what Lederer says of this genus : the 
tibia are clothed with elongate hair, and the position of the anterior one 
was such that Mr. Edwards' error in describing it as very short and 
furnished with a thickened process terminating in a blunt spine was 
excusable. In fact it is of ordinary length, and without any armature 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 213 

at all; the spines referred to on middle and posterior tibia are the usual 
spurs. 

The species (ceteris) referred by Mr. G-rote to this genus has spinose 
tibiae, and hairy vestiture and is a Melicliptria. 

S. propi'ius, Henry Edwards, Papilio l,p. 19 {Euros), PI. VIII, fig. 1.— Red- 
dish brown primaries, with darker usual lines and a zigzag pale line near outer 
margin: reniform and claviform yellowish; secondaries smoky black ; wings be- 
neath smoky, with reddish brown margins. Expands .75 inch, 20 millim. 

Habitat. — California (.Siskiyou Co.). 

To the kindness of Mr. Edwards I owe the opportunity of making an 
examination of the type. 

PSEITDAXTHOEC'IA. gen. nov. 

Eyes naked, small, somewhat oval, bidden in the dense vestiture of the 
head, which is small and retracted ; clypeus bulging without projection : 
palpi exceeding front, second joint heavily fringed beneath ; tongue mode- 
rate ; thorax heavy, densely clothed above with long hair, forming a dis- 
tinct tuft behind collar and another at base ; abdomen with lateral tut't- 
ings toward tip more prominent in the % ; ovipositor of 9 lengthily ex- 
truded ; wings short and narrow ; with depressed costa and scarcely pro- 
duced apices ; fringes elongate ; tibiae entirely unarmed. 

Closely allied to the Janthinea Gruen., from which it differs only by 
the absence of the flattened clypeal projection ; from Omia it differs in 
the form of the wings, body and head ; from Anuria myrtilli only in 
the naked eyes ; from Dasyxpoudaea in the non-spinose tibiae. It is 
with some hesitation that I have created this genus, but I believe it to 
be a necessity. It best fits into Janthinea, but lacks the very decided 
clypeal projections of that genus. To Aiiarta myrtilli the insect bears 
a very close resemblance while differing as above specified and in the 
very salient oviduct of 9 ; from Lyyranthoeria brevis, its nearest Ameri- 
can ally, it differs in the unarmed tibia which in brevis are strongly 
marked, i PI. VII, fig. 33) the species is 

l». tumid a, Gr. Bull. Bkln. Ent.Soc. 3, 30 (Lygranthcecia), PI. VIII, fig. 2.— 
Distinguished by the generic characters, the pale yellow primaries, with deep red 
median shade crossed by an angulated white line beyond the middle; secondaries 
black, with base yellow. Expands .75 to .90 inches, 20-24 millim. 
Habitat. — Colorado. 

D1NYSPOIJDAE4, nov. gen. 

Eyes naked, globose ; head moderate, scarcely retracted ; tongue strong; 
palpi well exceeding front, oblique, terminal joint evident, compressed ; 
second joint moderately Fringed beneath ; thorax very heavy cyliudric, 
with dense long hairy vestiture, forming a somewhat prominent rounded 

(54) 



214 J. B. SMITH. 

collar, and an indistinct posterior tuft most evident in lucens; sides dis- 
tinctly bounded, giving it a decidedly quadrate appearance from above ; 
wings proportionately small, primaries with rounded outer margins and 
unusually long fringes ; tibia spinose, anterior scarcely abbreviated, ob- 
liquely truncate at tip, where it is armed at inner side with a long strong 
spine-like claw, a shorter spine at outer side and two or three strong- 
spines at outer and a similar number at inner lateral margin ; tarsal claws 
strongly dentate ; abdomen conic, somewhat exceeding secondaries, with 
a decided basal tuft in lucens which is wanting in Meadii. 

This genus is separated from Helioihi* by the more robust form, shorter 
primaries, the differently armed anterior tibia, by the strongly dentate 
tarsal claw and quadrate decidedly bounded thorax. 

Lucens may be considered the type, and the two species which I 
place in it are distinguished as follows : 

Abdomen tufted at base, primaries carmine, with the usual lines silvery white, 

lucens. 
Abdomen not tufted ; primaries green, with silvery lines and paler blotches, 

Meadii. 

D. lucens, Morr., Proc. Ac. N. Sc. Ph., 1875. p. fi» (Heliothis) ; Grt. Can. Ent. 
xiv. p. 175 (Tamil a), Id. var. luxuriosa ; PI. VII, fig. 1 and la, tibia and tarsal 
claw, and PI. VIII, fig. 4, wing. 

Readily distinguished by the carmine primaries crossed by silvery lines 
as shown in the figure ; the tibia differs somewhat from that of the fol- 
lowing species, as will be seen by a comparison of the figures, and this 
species has a distinct basal tuft on abdomen — a feature not found in any 
other species of the group with spinose tibiae. With Heliothis this spe- 
cies could not remain united, the whole appearance of the insect is too 
entirely different. 

Habitat. — Nebraska, Montana and Colorado. The specimens from 
Nebraska appear almost universally of a paler color while equally fresh 
than those from other sections. Mr. Grote has named the dark variety 
luxuriosa, in my opinion without sufficient reason. 

Expands 1 inch, 26-30 millim. 

D. Meadii, Grt. Buf. Bui. 1 p. 121, pi. 3, fig. 5 {Heliothis) ; Id. 2. p. 35 (Tam- 
ila) ; PI. VII, figs. 2 and 2a, tibia and tarsal claw, and PL VIII, fig. 3. wing. 

At a glance distinguishable from the preceding by the greenish color 
of the primaries, though the style of marking is identical and the relation- 
ship otherwise extremely close ; it lacks the abdominal tuft and is some- 
what slighter than the preceding species. Described as a Heliothis in the 
"sub-genus" Tamila and placed with nundina in the subsequent lists by 
Mr. Grote, in which Tamila, is given generic rank. With nundina it has 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 215 

nothing in common. The wings differ in shape, the armature of tibia 
varies decidedly, the vestiture is entirely hairy, and the form is so evi- 
dently different that a reference to the "sub-genus" Heliothis would 
have been most proper. Expands 1| inch, 28-32 millim. 
Habitat. — Colorado, Montana. 

I 1CKH \ KYI1S. Grt. 

Papilio I, 77. Tibia PI. VII, fig. :>,. 

Eyes naked, globose ; head scarcely retracted, large, clypeus bulging ; 
palpi slightly exceeding the front, heavily fringed with scales beneath ; 
tongue strong ; thorax heavy with very long dense hairy vestiture, some- 
what divergent pategiae and a dense basal tuft ; abdomen untuf'ted, conic • 
primaries narrow, with produced apices and oblique outer margin ; tibiae 
not spinose, anterior flattened with " a broad rounded exterior projec- 
tion, a very long stout spine [claw] near the inner margin, and a short 
spine at the extremity of the inner edge." 

Peculiar by the armature of the anterior tibia, combined with the lack 
of spines on the other pairs. Judging from Mr. Grote's very superficial 
generic description, and the superficial examination I was at that time 
enabled to make, I referred this genus to Schinia Hb. in my synopsis of 
the genera. From that genus it differs by the lack of spines on the 
tibiae. 

T. saporis, Grt., Papilio 1, 77. PI. VIII, fig. 5, -White, with a broad me- 
dian space on primaries blackish; terminal spaces leaden grey, sub-terminal 
space white with intermediate small zigzag black marks at middle; secondaries 
with dusky outer margin. I have examined the type from Mr. Edwards' collec- 
tion. Expands 1£ inch, 28 millim. 

Habitat. — Washington Territory (Grote), Southern California (Henry 
Edwards.) 

1 IMM'll RON, Led. 
Noct. Eur. p. ISO. 

Eyes naked; clypeus with cylindrical projection impressed at tip; 
tongue very long and strong ; antenna heavy in the % with moderately 
long ciliation ; palpi short and drooping ; thorax convex with dense 
woolly clothing ; abdomen conic in both sexes, in the 9 with extruded 
oviduct ; tibiae not spinose ; anterior armed at tip with two claws one 
above the other at outer side ; first tarsal joint also with a stout spine at tip. 

This is Lederer's description of the genus, and PI. VII, fig. 4, shows 
the tibial armature of phlabophora Led. The only American represen- 
tative of the genus hitherto described is unknown to me and is incor- 
rectly placed in this genus. The following is new : 

A. palleus, sp. nov. — Differs from the European species and from the de- 
scription of the genus by the lack of terminal armature of the anterior tibia, but 



216 J. B. SMITH. 

otherwise agrees with it in every respect; the wings are dirty white, with a narrow 
smoky median band and a fine dark t. p. line; the secondaries are of a uniform 
pale color; secondaries beneath as above; primaries smoky: clypeua bulging,' 
with a cylindrical conic protuberance. — Fit. Teppkr. 

Described by Mr. Tepper, at my request, from a single specimen in 
his collection. It fits in no other genus so well as in this, and I do not 
consider the lack of the tibial armature in this case as a generic distinc- 
tion. 

Differs throughout from Charic/ea Kirby, which is not the Charic/ea 
dl' Mr. Grote, but closely allied to Lederer's section B, a of that genus. 
Expands 1 inch, 20 millim 

Habitat. — Southern California. 
A. Snowi, Gr., Pr. Ac. N. Sc. Ph., 1875. p. 422; 111. Essay, f. 

This is described as of a pale lemon yellow ; primaries with a light 
roseate shading beyond the cell, with the sinuate t. p. line faintly indi- 
cated in rose-color. Some roseate basal shades, and at the place of the 
t. a. line. Secondaries pale fuscous, with a roseate terminal stain. Pri- 
maries fuscous beneath, with rosy apices. 

Mr. Grote says the fore tibia are short, with terminal and lateral 
claws ; middle and hind tibia spinose ; this last expression precludes the 
possibility of the insect belonging to this genus, which has the tibia un- 
armed except the terminal armature of the anterior pair which are not 
abbreviated. It is probably an Alaria. 

PIPPONA, Harv. 
But. Bui. 3, 9. Tibia. PI. VII. fig. 5. 

Eyes naked ; head moderate ; clypeus full, with the inferior plate some- 
what projecting; palpi very short; tongue rather weak ; thorax mode- 
rate, with scaly vestiture, mixed with somewhat flattened hair; abdomen 
conic, untufted. ovipositor of 9 extruded; tibiae spinose. anterior ab- 
breviated, flattened, with two inner and three outer claws as shown in 
figure; primaries elongate, with lengthily produced apices. 

A somewhat rubbed specimen from Mr. Henry Edwards' collection 
has enabled me to examine the venation of this rather peculiar genus, 
and this adds to the peculiarity, the absence of the accessory cell, pres- 
ent in all other genera of this group which I have examined except, 
perhaps, Antaplaga. The insect has a Bombycid appearance, already 
noted by Or. Harvey, but the peculiar formation of the anterior tibia, 
and the structure of clypeus and abdomen places it here. 

1*. bimatrtis. Harv., Buf. Bui. ."», 10.— Entirely white, primaries with a 
satiny lustre; head with a yellowish tinge. Readily recognized by the white 
color and peculiarly shaped primaries. Expands li inch, .".(I millim. 

Habitat. — Texas. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 217 

A\TAPLAGA Grote. 

Can. Ent. 9, 71. 

Form slender ; eyes naked ; head scarcely retracted ; clypeus bulging, 
with a cup like depression, having a tubercle at lower margin ; tongue 
moderate or weak ; thorax small, convex, with vestituiv consisting of 
flattened hair; abdomen slender, elongate; legs moderate; tibiae not 
spinose, anterior with a single claw at tip ; primaries large, with acute, 
produced apices and roundedly oblique outer margin. 

So far as I can make out this "genus agrees with Pippona in the want 
of the accessory cell of primaries, but of this I am not at all certain, 
having no specimens to destroy ; the form of primaries and general ap- 
pearance indicates a close relationship between the two, but the formation 
of the clypeus and of the anterior tibia very readily separates them. 

Primaries white at basal third, olive brown beyond, interrupted by an oblique 
sub-marginal white line dimidiala. 

Primaries white, with two transverse black lines and a series of black spots, form- 
ing an interrupted sub-marginal line sexseriata. 

A. dimidiata, Grt.Can. Ent. 9, 71 (PI. VIII, fig. 6). 

1 his species is readily recognized by simple markings, well shown in 
the figure. '1 he base is white and satiny, a dark olive brown shade from 
the middle to margin, interrupted by an oblique white fascia from tip to 
the hinder margin near the angle. Secondaries uniform pale smoky 
brown. Expands \\ inches, 3D millini. 

Habitat. — Colorado. 

A. sexseriata, Grt. Papilio I., 176 (Grotelta), PI. VIII, fig. 7. 

Readily separable from the foregoing by the entirely white primaries, 
crossed by two deep black lines and a row of black spots near the outer 
margin. I have the type from Mr. Neumoegen's collection, and it dif- 
fers from Grote (/a, in which genus it was placed by Mr. Grote, by hav- 
ing only a single claw terminating the anterior tibia, by the lack of spines 
on the median pair, and by the more elongate wings. 

The genus is very closely allied to Grote/ta however, the clypeal 
structure being precisely identical, and the spinose tibiae of Grotella are 
really all that separate it from Antaplaga. Lack of sufficient material 
has made it impossible for me to study the neuration. The species seems 
to lack the accessory cell, but of that I am not at all certain. Expands 
1 inch, 26 millim. 

Habitat. — Arizona ( Prescott). 

GROTELLA, Harvey. 

Buf. Bui. II. 27S. 
Eyes naked, globose; head not retracted; clypeus prominent, with a 

TRANS. AM Eli. ENT. SOC. X. (bi>) DECEMBER, 1882. 



218 .1. B. SMITH. 

naked, ovate depression and projecting rim, from the lower part of which 
rises a conic tubercle, somewhat exceeding the surrounding rim ; palpi 
very short and slender ; thorax and abdomen slight ; vestiture of the 
former consisting of scales and compressed hair; primaries full, with 
convex costal and rounded outer margin; venation unknown as yet; legs 
moderate, tibiae spinose, anterior somewhat abbreviated, with a moderate 
claw at inner and a spine at outer edge. 

Closely related to the preceding, but differing by the spinose tibia. Dr. 
Harvey in his generic description says nothing of the clypeal modifica- 
tion. 

This genus is closely allied to the Acontinae and may, perhaps, find a 
place there at some future day. 

The species is 

G. septempiinclata, Harv., Buf. Bui. II., 278 (PI. VIII, fig. 8).— Entirely 
white, with seven small black spots arranged as shown in the figure. Very readily 
recognized, and well known, but sufficiently rare in collections to have made it 
impossible for me to get a specimen from which the neuration might be studied. 
Expands J inch. 20-22 millim. 
Ha hit at. — Texas. 

BKSSULA, Grt. 
Papilio 1, 176. 

" Clypeus full ; infra clypeal plate projecting ; fore tibia with a claw 
on the inside at extremity of joint ; a succession of three spines outside ; 
all the tibia spinose ; thorax untufted hairy ; antennae of male simple, 
ciliate beneath ; eyes naked." 

This genus is unknown to me, and in what respect it differs from 
Tricopis or Schinia I can't discover from the description, except it is in 
the more elongate tibia ; else every word will apply to Tricopis ch7\i/sel- 
lus. 

B. inxa, Grt., Papilio 1. 17fi. — Primaries and thorax very pale yellow; sec- 
ondaries white, immaculate, silky ; primaries with a curved t. p. line of faint 
ochrey dots ; two faint cellular dots ; a dot or two in place of t. a. line ; subtermi- 
nal line a succession of similar dots: beneath of yellowish white. Expands % 25 
9 30 millim. 

Habitat. — New Mexico. 

EIMNYCTIS, Grt. 
Can. Ent. 14, p. 75. 

" Vestiture scaly ; eyes naked ; labial palpi short ; front full without ex- 
cavation or tubercle ; infra clypeal plate prominent ; tibia non-spinose ; 
fore tibia short, with claw ; thorax and abdomen untufted ; antennae 
simple ; cut of the wings something like CucuUia ; primaries narrow and 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 219 

long; apices pointed ; external margin oblique, even ; the wings satiny 
white." 

This is Mr. G rote's description. The genus is unknown to me. The 

species is 

E. notatella, Grt., Can. Ent. 14, p. 75. — Wings satiny white; primaries 
with two black dots on the cell ; a row of black points on external margin. " Size 
of bimatris." Expands li inches, 30 millim. 

Habitat. — Montana. 

I should like to see this insect— an examination of the differences 
between this genus and Antaplaga would prove instructive. 

IIIMOTIIIS. Hb. 

Eyes naked, globose ; head not retracted ; clypeus full, bulging, but 
never projecting in a knob or tumor (Beule); palpi small, moderately 
fringed beneath ; tongue strong ; body stout, strong, with lengthy recum- 
bent hair, forming no distinct tufts on thoracic dorsum ; abdomen stout. 
conic, 9 ovipositor not extruded ; tibiae spinose ; anterior not abbrevi- 
ated and terminated by a spine at inner and another at outer edge (PI. 
VII, fig. 6) ; wings moderate, with primaries somewhat produced at 
apex and roundedly oblique outer margin. 

The venation of the group in general, and of this genus in particular 
is shown, PI. VII, fig. 46. 

As above limited the genus embraces Ohloridea rhexiu, and those 
species placed by Lederer in the second section of the genus, excluding 
therefrom Ononis s. v. {Mel. oregoua Hy. Edw). Of the species re- 
ferred to this genus in his ; ' New Check List." Mr. Grote has since 
placed hirens with Tami/a, with the type of which it has not the slight- 
est affinity (Can. Ent. 1-1, 175). Spinosea, (in., drops from the genus 
while Oxylos citrinellus is added. This latter insect does not fit into 
He/i'othis as I have limited it and I have not included it. Of the others 
I do not know (jupafux, which may or may not belong to the genus as 
above limited, but which Mr. Grote (he. rit.) includes in the genus as 
he proposes to limit it. Cupes, Grt., which is also included, does not 
belong to this genus, the structure of the anterior tibia (PI. VI I. fit:. '2'.'> i 
sufficiently separates it, while the vestiture instead of being hairy is 
composed of scales and flattened hair. The markings of primari s only 
ally it to the species properly in the genus (in my opinion i and the spe- 
cies was probably described as Hellothis merely because it looked like 
one, and without any examination of the structure. 

As limited by me, and excluding Inpatus, which I don't know, the 
species stand follows : 



220 J. B. SMITH. 

Primaries with reniform scarcely discernible, orbicular obsolete, pale, with three 

distinct olivacious oblique stripes rliexia. 

Primaries with reniform more distinct, always readily discernible. 

Neuration of the % aberrant, a pellucid spot in discal cell, and another between 
costa and vein 10. Costa strongly convex at middle. 9 w 'th pale luteous 
primaries, reniform rounded blackish, indeterminate, orbicular small, puncti- 

form paradoxus. 

Neuration of % normal. 

Primaries luteous, usual spots indistinct, orbicular generally obsolete or but 
faintly indicated, a more or less distinct submarginal, but no median 

transverse shade armiger. 

Primaries with a distinct median transverse shade, reniform always distinct, 
with distinct black spots on costa, usually confluent with reniform ; 

orbicular indistinct dipsaceous. 

Primaries with ground color paler, reniform and orbicular unusually large, 
sharply defined by a fine black line, median space pale, thorax with 
whitish hair intermixed scutosus. 

H. rhexia. 8m. Abb. Insects Ga. 2 p. 199, pi. 100 (Phalceva) : Guen., Noct. 2. 
p. 175 (Apsila); Grt., list, Buf. Bui. 2, p. 33 ( Chloridea) ; Speclanda Strk., Lepid. 
p. 122 (Heliothis) : PI. VII, fig. 6. tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 9, wing. 

This species, I believe, is a true Heliothis in the sense that this term 
is used in this synopsis. The armature of the tibia is identical, with 
that of the other species the neuration is the same, and in fact I can 
find nothing at all of generic value to separate it. Readily distinguished 
from all others of this genus by the markings which consist of three 
transverse pale olive shades on a paler ground. Expands 1 \ inchess, 33 
millim. 

Habitat. — Southern and Western States. 

H. paradoxus, Grt., Proc. Ent. Soe. Phil. 4, p. 329, PL III, figs. 4 and fi; 
(Heliochilu.s), PL VIII. fig. 11. 

In this species the male is aberrant so far as the neuration is con- 
cerned, the figure showing an enlarged view of the peculiarity. In the 
9 the neuration does not differ from Heliothis, except in the somewhat 
smaller size of the accessory cell, and the consequent greater approxima- 
tion of the veins from or forming it. Color as in Armiger, 9 some- 
times with no markings except an indistinct rounded reniform and a 
small orbicular ; more generally as in the % and as shown in the figure. 
Expands 1.04 inch, 27 millim. 

Habitat. — Iowa, Colorado, Florida, Alabama and Southern States. 

H. armiger, Hb.— Umbrosifs, Grt., Proc. Ent. Hoc. Phil., 1, p. 219 (PL VIII, 
fig. 10). 

Varies considerably in coloration. The European specimens seem 
usually more pale and have the markings more indistinct than in 
American examples. Occasionally specimens of a pale greenish yellow 



AMERICAN LKPIDOPTERA. 221 

color are found, and sometimes reddish specimens are met with. On 
Long Island I have taken a form with pale ground color, and distinct 
blackish markings tending to suffusion. I have never found a trace of a 
median band such as distinguishes the following species. 

The larva of this species is known as the boll worm in the South and 
the corn worm in the North. It is 1A inches in length, varying in color 
from dark green to brown, striped with a darker shade of the ground 
color ; dorsal stripe dark, with pale borders each side ; subdorsal still 
darker, bordered by a pale stripe over ptigmata. On each side are 8 
shiny piliferous spots from which arise brown hairs. The four on the 
back of each segment are arranged in the form of a trapezoid, with the 
parallel sides transverse with the body, shortest side to the head. The 
two on each side are arranged about the stigmata, one above and a little 
anterior to the opening, and the other back and on a line with them. 
Head, legs and cervical shield brown. A few short hairs scattered over 
the body. (From Ills. Agr. Rept., vol. 15, p. 232.) 

The moth expands li to 1 5 inches, 30-39 millim. 

Habitat. — United States and Europe. 

H. dipsaceous. Linn., Syst. p. 188, S. V. (Noctua); ph/ogophagu.s, Grt. & 
Rob., Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1, 187; inter jaeens, Gr., Bui. Bkln. Ent. Soc. 3, p. 30; 
var. maritima, Graslin: luteitinctus, Grt. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1875,427 (PI. 
VIII, fig. 12). 

This species is common to Europe and America. I have carefully 
compared specimens from all sections with those of Europe and find no 
specific difference between them. Interjacenx is a form with the mark- 
ings rather more distinct than usual, but not entitled to rank with mari- 
tima (luteitinctus) as a variety. A varietal rank this last named form 
is entitled to hold ; it has yellow secondaries, margined with black and 
with a black discal spot, and has the black markings of primaries much 
more distinct than in the type form. Ihere is sometimes a complete 
black margin all round the primary, and a more decided variety it would 
be difficult co imagine. 

. The larva is described by Mr. Coquillet in Pnpifio, 1, 56: "Body 
naked, light green, a dark dorsal line, on each side of the body are two 
white lines, 1(1 legs, head green, length 30 millim. One specimen taken 
on grass assumed the chryalis form July 14. producing the imago on 
the 5th of the following month." Gruenee says: Caterpillar yellowish 
green, with brown red stripes ; subdorsal concolours bordered inferiorly 
by a sinuous band of brownish violet ; stigmata! concolours bordered in- 
feriorly with brown ; on each segment is a transverse reddish line : stig- 

(56) 



222 J. B. SMITH. 

raata black ; head pale yellow, the upper portion covered with black 
points (Gruen. 2, 181 ). 

Moth expands 1 \ and 1 i inches, 29-34 millim. 

Habitat. — Europe and America. 

H. SCUtosilS, S. V. Fabr. 84, W. V., W. H. ; Nuchalis, Grt. (PL VIII, fig. 13). 

Mr. Grote in his New Check List notes that these species are prob- 
ably identical — in this he is correct. I have compared examples from both 
continents and find them identical ; any difference there may be between 
extremes from each hemisphere is readily filled by selection from abun- 
dant material from each section. The markings are different from any 
of the other species, and are better shown in the figure than they could 
be described by me. Expands 1—1 J inches, 26-32 millim. 

Habitat.— Europe and America. 

The larva feeds on Artemesia vompextas and also on the flowers. Of" 
a pale yellowish green with three blackish lines, one dorsal and the others 
on each side ; entirely covered with fine black points and short lines ; 
each point bearing a number of fine hairs ; head brown red with black 
spots. Also varies somewhat in color. Spins a loose cocoon and trans- 
forms in the earth. 

< HARK LEA, Kirby. 

Eyes naked, globose ; head not retracted sometimes with a tumescent 
projection ; tongue strong ; thorax stout, vestiture hairy, forming a small 
acute tuft behind collar ; abdomen of the usual form, distinct dorsal 
tufts at base ; primaries with somewhat produced apices ; form much as 
in Heliothh ; tibiae not spinose ; anterior sometimes with a claw at tip. 

The species belonging to this genus Mr. Grote catalogues as Pt/rrhia, 
using Churiclea for two species, triangiilifer and peruana, which are 
not congeneric with C. umbra. I cannot agree with him in this use of 
the term, and prefer to use Charicfea as used by Lederer, regarding the 
species so referred by Mr. Grote as generically distinct, and, indeed, as 
scarcely belonging to the Heliothith, the prominent inner angle of prim- 
aries in peruana, and, indeed, the entire appearance of the insect ally- 
ing it much more nearly to Plusia than Heliothis. 

Of the three species described as Pt/rrhia, I know only two; stif/a, 
Grt., and illiterata, Grt., are unknown to me. Illiterata by-the-bye has 
disappeared from the list, and the why and wherefore thereof I have not 
as yet ascertained.* That leaves of the species catalogued by Mr. Grote, 
Exprimens, Wlk., and Angulata. Grt., both of these are varieties of one 
and the same species, viz. : 

* Since the above was written I find that the species has been referred as a 
synonym of Orthosia auranliago, Gn. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 223 

C. umbra. Hufn., exprimens, Wlk. C. B. M.; Noet. 687 {Heliothis) ; angu- 
lata, Grt., Trans. Am. Ent. Soc, Sept., 1874 (PI. VIII, figs. 14 and 15). 

The species is of a bright red brown color, with darker brown lines 
arranged as shown in the figures fig. 1-1, showing the umbra form and 
fig. 15 the extreme angulated form ; between the two there are any 
number of inter-grades, and there is no doubt whatever in my mind of 
the specific identity of the species. I have carefully compared both 
forms with European specimens of umbra and have no doubt of their 
specific identity, though there is a slight difference in the course of the 
lines between the two. 

The larva of the angu/ata form has been described by Mr. Cocpuillet 
in Papilio 1, p. 8, as follows: "Body bluish white; a yellowish brown 
stigmatal stripe; from the stigmatal stripe on one side of the body to 
that on the other side are about 1 black lines ; sometimes a dorsal row 
of about 7 yellowish brown spots ; piliferous spots black ; venter pale 
greenish ; head shining yellow, with a black spot on each side near the 
jaws, the jaws sometimes black; length 1} inches. Several specimens 
found upon smartweed [Polygonum Penn&ylvimimrn) September 15- 
they entered the earth about three inches and formed oval cells Septem- 
ber 27, disclosing the imagoes May 22, and a few days afterwards." 

Expands 1 j inches, 36— 12 millim. 

Habitat. — America and Europe. 

ALARIi, Westw. 

Eyes naked, globose, or very slightly narrowed ; front full ; head mod- 
erate ; palpi exceeding front ; tongue strong ; body stout, strong ; vesti- 
ture hairy ; abdomen of the usual Heliothid form ; wings moderate ; 
primaries with obtuse apex and rounded outer margin ; tibia? spinose ; 
anterior somewhat abbreviated, armed at tip with long inner claw-like 
spines, and a series of shorter stout spines at outer side. 

Differs from Heliothis in nothing but the armature of the anterior 
tibia — a very unsatisfactory distinction. I retain it as distinct because 
I have given this character a generic value throughout the group, and 
because the very marked superficial appearance will readily separate it 
from Heliothis. The three species I place here were referred by Mr. 
Grote to three distinct genera: Jlorida went to Phodo/ihora, gaurae re- 
mained A/aria, while for ritriuellus an especial genus was created which 
was termed Oxi/los. Mr. Grrote seems never to have suspected the 
close relationship existing between these species and Heliothis, and he 
places a number of entirely different forms between the two. In Can. 
Ent. vol. 14, p. 172, he refers Oxy/os citrine// us to Heliothis, but seems not 



224 J. B. SMITH. 

to have suspected the possible identity of A/aria with it, although struc- 
turally it even more closely resembles it. 
The species are readily separable as follows : 

Anterior tibia with a single long inner spine. 

Primaries bright red, with yellow outer margin florida. 

Primaries whitish, with base, a longitudinal median shade, margin and an ob- 
lique shade from apex toward internal margin red gaurae. 

Anterior tibia with two long inner claws. 

Primaries pale yellow <i I roue] his. 

A. florida, Guen., Noct. 2, 171. pi. 2, fig. 7 (Rhodophora). (PI. VII, fig. 7, 
tibia, PI. VIII. fig. Ifi. wing.). 

Strongly marked and readily recognized by the beautiful red primaries 
shaded outwardly with pale yellow. The larva of this species is described 
by me in Bui. Bkln. Ent. Soc. vol. 4, page 28. It feeds on the buds 
and seed capsules of the evening primrose, and is of the same delicate 
green color as they are ; of a velvety appearance and clothed with short 
dense pubescence ; its habit is to lie horizontally along the bud or seed 
capsule, and boring a hole near the tip to feed downward into it, gradu- 
ally disappearing from view ; this habit, unknown to the collectors in 
general, explains why the larva is not often found, though its food-plant 
is well known. It becomes full grown in August and September, trans- 
forms to a pupa about six inches below the ground, and the imago 
emerges the following July, when it is often found early in the morning 
in the closed flowers of the evening primrose. 

Expands \\ inches, 30-36 millim. 

Common in New York, and I have received it from Utah. 

A. gaurae, Sm., Abb. Ins. Ga. 2, p. 197, pi. 99 (Phalaena), Porph/rinia 
matutina, Hb. (PI. VII. fig. 8, tibia, and PI. VIII, fig. 17, primary). 

Nearly allied to the preceding in the bright colors, but readily separ- 
able by the form of marking, as shown in the figure, as well as by the 
armature of the anterior tibia. It seems to vary somewhat in the ex- 
tent of the red markings and in the clearness of the white ground 
color. Expands as before. 

Habitat. — Florida and Southern States. 

A. eitrouellus, G. & R., Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 3, ISO, pi. 2, fig. 79 (Helio- 
this): Orylos, Grt.. Check List, 1S75, note 25. Heliothis, Can. Ent. 14. 172 (PI. VII, 
fig. 9. tibia). 

Differs from the preceding by the armature of the tibia, as well as by 
the uniform pale yellow of primaries. The figure of the tibia shows a 
side view and is somewhat distorted. Expands 1 \ inches, 30 millim. 
Habitat. — Texas and Colorado. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 225 

SCHINIA, lib. 

Eyes naked, globose; trout full, bulging; "infra clypeal plate" some- 
times slightly projecting ; palpi short, as usual, fringed beneath, but not 
as in Melicleptria or allies, more as in Heliothis ; tongue strong ; body 
stout, clothed with long hair, intermixed with scales and flattened hair ; 
the hair usually overlaying the scales, so that at a cursory examination 
the vestiture appears hairy ; abdomen conic, untufted ; wings mod- 
erate ; primaries with somewhat produced or rectangular apices ; tibial 
spinose ; anterior abbreviated, flattened, and broad at tip, and armed 
with one or more long inner, and a series of from two to four outer 
claws. 

This genus is based on trifascia, Hb., from which the main points of 
the foregoing description were taken. Congeneric with this are Euleu- 
ci/ptera, Tamila, Tricopis, and Lygranthoecia (in part). 

Mr. Grote in Can. Ent. vol. 14, p. 76, makes the remarkable state- 
ment that the anterior tibia of S. trifascia appear ta him unarmed, and 
in accordance with that view he described as Svhinia his species buxea, 
which has broader wings, entirely unarmed elongate fore tibia, the others 
being non-spinose and close scaly vestiture. It is most assuredly no 
Schinia, has not the slightest affinity to it, and is not even a Heliothid. 
Mr. Grote evidently did not take the trouble to examine his insect care- 
fully. On a par is his description of Meadii and vanella as Tamila. 
Tamila is based on riundina, and that species is congeneric with Schinia 
3 fascia. The genus is therefore a synonym of Schinia, and it cannot 
be used for the other species of the genus which are not congeneric with 
it. T. Meadii is congeneric with Heliothis fucens, Morr., and I have 
created a new genus for these species. T. vanella has narrow ovate 
eyes, and an armature which would make it a Melicleptria were it not 
for its scaly vestiture. It certainly is not congeneric with nundina, and 
I have made it the type of a distinct genus, associating it with Meliclep- 
tria, perminuta , Hy. Edw., and Lygranthoecia scissa, Grt.. with which 
it is undoubtedly congeneric. 

Tricopis chrj/sel/us has a small clypeal projection which varies in size 
in the specimens, and is not present in aleucis its near ally. It does not 
indicate generic distinction, for the same peculiarity is sometimes present 
in Heliothis scutosus. 

The slight difference in the tibial armature of Enleucyptera does not 
authorize that genus, and it also drops in as a synonym of Schinia. Ly- 
granthoecia marginata, the type of the genus in which it is placed is 
also a Schinia in structure though not in markings. It is too closely 

TRANS. AMER. ENT. SOC. X. (57) FEBRUARY, 1883. 



226" J. B. SMITH. 

allied however to be separated, and with this reference of its type Ly- 
granthoecia also swells the list of synonyms of this genus. 

The armature of the anterior tibia in all the species I place in this 
genus consists of claws, ranged very nearly in the same manner, but 
with some few differences in the groups, and in fact between each spe- 
cies; there is also a slight difference in the form of primaries, but so 
gradually running into each -other that not even subdivisions of the 
genus could be based on them ; the venation seems not to vary from 
Heliothis to any appreciable extent. 

I separate the species as follows : 

Infra clypeal plate produced. 

Primaries silvery white, with base, outer margin and a narrow median band 

clay yellow Chrysellus. 

Primaries as before, without the median clay yellow band, and much wider 

marginal band II ill > I in. 

Clypeus entirely unmodified. 

Primaries silvery white with clay yellow base outer margin and wide median 

band Aleucis. 

Primaries silvery, with base and outer margin pale olive Cuinatilis. 

$. Anterior tibia with a strong inner and three shorter outer claws. 

Primaries brownish yellow, sometimes tending to olivaceous, with three whit- 
ish, almost parallel, oblique lines I 'ri fascia. 

Primaries more luteous, white lines narrower, more curved, and not parallel, 

Gracileiita. 

Primaries whitish, with a subbasal, median and marginal reddish yellow band, 
in the latter a subterminal white line; reniform obsoletely indicated, 

Velaris. 

Primaries whitish, with subbasal and median luteous shade, the latter crossed at 
outer third by a transverse white line; reniform distinct black. .Obliqua. 

Primaries smoky brown, with a paler median shade, bounded by white lines ; 
a subterminal faint white line. Bi fascia. 

Primaries white, with subbasal, median and subterminal olivaceous yellow 
shades, a distinct black punctiform orbicular, and a large, distinct black 
reniform '. \ iiiidiuu. 

Primaries yellowish white, with a subbasal and subterminal dark shade, 
bounded by white lines; the subterminal shade usually interrupted near 
costa by the angulations of the white lines; secondaries with dusky mar- 
gin in which is an elongate white spot, and with a distinct dusky discal 
spot Separata. 

Secondaries yellow, with black margin and black discal spot Lynx. 

Secondaries smoky brown, or reddish ; primaries of a " saturate" reddish brown, 
with median space bounded by narrow crenulated lines Saturata. 

Secondaries black, with a yellow fascia almost divided by a large black discal 

spot Sordidus. 

$$. Anterior tibia with a single inner, and, at least, four shorter outer claws or 
strong spines. 

Secondaries white or whitish. 

Form comparatively slight, wings large. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 227 

Secondaries with an indistinct smoky border, discal spot obsoletely indi- 
cated : primaries luteous, mottled with black; a pale median shade, 

and distinct reniform Tertia. 

Secondaries with distinct black border and black discal spot; primaries as 
before, but median white space wider and without discal spot, * 

. Alba fascia. 

Form more robust, wings comparatively smaller. 

Primaries red, with yellowish median and marginal shade Regia. 

Primaries red, with yellowish median shade, and some white scales on veins 

in terminal red portion Sanguinea. 

Secondaries with wide black margin and distinct discal spot; primaries 
smoky gray, with dusky basal and subterminal shade; reniform and 

orbicular strongly marked < upes. 

Secondaries yellow. 

Secondaries with a black outer margin in which is a yellow spot, and a large 

black discal spot laguariua. 

Secondaries with basal half yellow, outer half black Spraguei. 

Secondaries entirely black Arcifera. 

§£$. Anterior tibia with a single inner and single outer claw or strong spine. 
Secondaries black, with a central pale space in which is a large black spot, 

Spinosae. 
Secondaries pale reddish brown, rather more yellowish outwardly. ..Lupatus. 
§£$£. Anterior tibia with two equal inner claws. 

Five strong outer claws; body entirely luteous; wings with paler median space, 

Packardii. 

Primaries without markings luteous >lor( iia . 

Primaries as in Packardii, but less distinctly marked Nobilis, 

Four equally long and strong outer claws; body and wings pearl gray; prima- 
ries with a slightly paler median space, bounded by very narrow erenu- 

lated white lines Thoreaui. 

As before, but third outer claw is shorter than the others; the color on the 
primaries is more strongly contrasted with lines wider and not crenulate, 

Rivulosa. 
Anterior tibia with three outer claws only. 

Primaries dark smoky brown, with paler outer margin and a triangular paler 
spot on middle of costa and of inner margin, bounded outwardly by 
white lines and approaching but not meeting in the centre of the wing, 

C'onstricta. 
Primaries deep yellowish brown, with paler yellowish median and terminal 

shades Brevis. 

Primaries dark luteous. with pale median shade and a strongly angulated 

terminal pale line I iran>. 

Primaries very pale yellow, with darker basal and subterminal shade, 

Inclara. 

Primaries with rich deep crimson base and subterminal shade, paler roseate 
median space and olivaceous terminal shade Ileskeana. 

Primaries with dark yellowish brown base and subterminal shade, paler 
median space, and pale yellow terminal shade I llima. 

S. ChryNelldS, Grrt., Buf. Bui. 2. p. 70 (Trwopis). PI. VII, tig. 10, tibia, and 
PL VIII. fig. 18. wing. 



22S j. b. smith. 

A very pretty and strongly marked .species, easily distinguished by the 
somewhat projecting inferior clypeal plate and the bright silvery primaries. 
crossed by a narrow yellow band at middle. Expands 1 inch, 2*5 millim. 

Habitat. — Texas. 

S. Ilulstia. Tepper, sp. ifl>v. (PI. VIII, fig. 19). 

Closely allied to the foregoing in structure, but readily separable there- 
from by the narrower silvery median shade not crossed by any band, and 
by the wide luteous outer margin. Expanse as before. 

1 9 Texas i,?). Type, coll. Tepper. 

Named by Mr. Tepper, at my recpuest, for Rev. Geo. D. Hulst of 
Brooklyn, a good entomologist and a well known authority on the Cato- 
calinse. 

S. aleucis, Harv., Buf. Bui. 3, pi. 2, fig. 5 (Tricopis) (PI. VIII, fig. 20). 

The tibial armature is like that of the foregoing species, but it lacks 
the clypeal projection. In ornamentation it closely resembles Chrysellus, 
but is readily separated by the wider dark and narrow silver shades. Ex- 
pands as before. 

Habitat.— Texae (?). 

S. cumatilis, Grt., Proo. Ent. Soo. Phil. 4, 330, pi. 2, fig. 6 (Euleuci/ptera) ; 
sulmula, Stark. (PI. VII, fig. 11, tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 21, wing). 

The tibial armature of this species differs somewhat from all the others 
of this genus, but only in the size of the claws, otherwise it is identical, 
and the difference certainly is not generic. The figure shows the small 
excavation on the inner side of the fore tibia of all Noctuidae, the lappet 
covering the same being raised. 

The species is readily recognized by the silvery median shade, and 
greenish base and outer margin. I consider it the prettiest of our 
Heliothvh. Expands 1 & inches, 28-30 millim. 

Habitat. — Colorado. 

S. trifascia, Hh.. Zntr. 1. 11. fig. 33, 34 (PI. VII, fig. 12. tibia. PI. VIII, fig. 
22, primary). 

The type of the genus ; dark yellowish brown with a greenish tinge, 
crossed by three pale lines as shown in the figure. Very generally found 
in the Eastern States, but never very common. Expands 1£ inches, 28- 
32 millim. 

S. gracilenta, Hb., Zntr. I, 8, figs. 5 and f>: oleagina, Morr., Proc. Ac. Nat. 
Sci. Phil. 1875, p. 67; imperxpicua, Strk., Lep. 122 (Heliothis). PI. VII, figs. 13 
anil 13a, tibia and tarsal claw, and PI. VIII, fig. 23, wing. 

Distinguished from the foregoing by the want of the greenish lustre 
of primaries, and the narrower sinuate white lines. 

Habitat. — Texas. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 229 

S. velaris, Grt., (Tamila) PL VII, fig. 14. tibia, PL VIII, fig. 24, wing. 

The markings of the wing are well enough shown in the figure ; the 
ground color is white, the markings are dark yellow with a rufous tinge. 
Expands 1 inch, 25 millim. 

Habitat. — California. 

S. obliqua, sp. nov. (PL VII. fig. 15, tibia, PL VIII, fig. 25, wing). 

Distinguished from the preceding by the olivaceous tinge in the pri- 
maries and the distinctly marked reniform. Expands 1 inch, 25-28 
millim. 

Habitat. — Arizona. 2 £ . 

To the kindness of Mr. Neumoegen I owe my type. A better pre- 
served specimen is in his collection. 

S. bi fascia, Hb.. Zutr. 1, 14, figs. 55, 56 (PL VIII, fig. 26). 

The tibia are as in the preceding species. It is distinguished from all 
others in this § by its smaller size, much darker ground color, and the 
decidedly sinuate narrow white line. Expands J inch, 20 millim. 

Habitat. — Arizona. 

S. nundilia, Dm. 1, 36 (Noctua), pi. fig. 5, vigrirena. Haw., p. 266 (Noc- 
tua), Guen., Noct. 2, 176 [Tamila); PL VII, fig. 16, tibia, PL VIII, fig. 27, wing. 

A very handsome species, readily recognized by the bright color, and 
the large black, decidedly constricted reniform. The orbicular is a dis- 
tinct round spot. 

This species is the type of Tamila, and is very closely allied in all 
structural points with Shinia, 3 fascia, as a comparison between perfect 
examples of both will show. Expands 1 inch, 24—28 millim. 

Habitat. — New York (L. I.). 

S. separala, Grt., (Lygranthoecia) Balba, Grt., Papilio 1, 156 [Lygran- 
thoecia) acutilinea. Grt., Can. Ent. X. 232, and 111. Essay, PL III, fig. 34, {Ly- 
granthoecia) Walainghami, Hy. Edw., Papilio 1, 20 (PL VII, fig. 17, tibia, PL 
VIII, fig. 28, primary). 

Rather a variable species, as appears from the synonomy, but there is 
not the slightest doubt but that they are all color variations of one and 
the same species. The armature of the anterior tibia is identical in all, 
and is as shown in the figure. Of separata I had sjieciinens so named 
by Mr. G-rote, and from the same lot from which came his type. Of 
balba I have a specimen from Mr. Neumoegen's collection, and I have 
also examined the type of that species. Of Walsinghami I had Mr. 
Edwards' type ; a specimen I received from Utah Territory agrees in 
every respect with the figure of acutilinea in the "111. Essay.'' I am, 
therefore, in a position to give as intelligent an opinion as a close com- 
parison <>f types can ever make possible. The figure is from my Utah 

(58) 



230 J. B. SMITH. 

specimen and from a specimen in Mr. Tepper's collection, holding the 
middle between acutilinea and separata. Balba and Walsinghami are 
exceedingly close together, and vary in the pale dull color of the former, 
and the more reddish yellow of the latter from the type. There is a 
decided variation in the course of the subterminal white lines, and, in 
fact, in all the lines, but in the large series before me I can pick out all 
the species and intergrades between them. I can find separata colored 
like Walsinghami, and acutilinea colored in the same way. I notice 
also that all the variations seem local — ■ Walsingham is from Oregon, 
balba is from Arizona, separata from Nevada, and acutilinea from Mon- 
tana and Utah Territory. At best they are only indistinct varieties and 
scarcely entitled to be catalogued as such. Expands 1-1 \ inches, 24-30 
millim. 

Habitat as above. 

S. lynx. Guen., Noct. 2, 185, {Antkoecia) Grt., Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. 2, 343, PI. 
6, fig. 6, et Buf. Bui. 2, 34 (Melicliptria); id. Check List, 1875 (Lygr antkoecia) ; id. 
New Check List (Antkoecia) ; PI. VII, fig. 18. tibia, PL* VIII, fig. 29, wing. 

Readily distinguished from all the others in this § by the yellow secon- 
daries. The markings of the primaries are shown by the figure. A form 
in Mr. Graef's collection has the primaries saturate with reddish, but 
evidently belongs to this species. Expands | inch, 20-22 millim. 

Habitat. — Georgia and North Carolina. 

S. satlirata, Grt.. Buf. Bui. 2, 74 (Lygr.); rubiginosa, Strk., Lep. 122 (He- 
liothi*) ; PL VIII, fig. 27, wing. 

Separated from all the preceding by the reddish color of primaries, 
scarcely contrasted median space bounded by narrow crenulate white 
lines, and by the uniform pale reddish secondaries. The rubiginosa. form 
of Mr. Stccker differs from the saturata form by the paler, more uni- 
form reddish color, but is undoubtedly the same as Mr. Grote's species. 
Expands 1 inch, 24 millim. 

Habitat. — Kansas and Southern California. 

S. sordidus, sp. nov. 

Primaries pale chocolate brown, extreme base, narrow median shade 
and apical spot paler, more yellowish ; median shade with a roseate tinge ; 
the space is narrow, bounded inwardly by a distinct crenulated white line ; 
outwardly by a like but more even white line, making a bold curve out- 
wardly around the reniform, and from the middle of the wing running 
parallel with the interior line to inner margin ; reniform distinct, but 
not sharply bounded ; from the apical pale spot an indistinct sinuate 
yellowish subterminal line extends to the bind angle; secondaries black. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 231 

with a yellow fascia in which is a distinct black discal spot almost divid- 
ing the fascia ; body concolorous, with primaries ; beneath primaries 
black with a narrow median fascia, a small ovate spot at outer two-thirds 
and an elongate apical spot, yellow. Secondaries as above. 

Like the rest of this group the anterior tibia have a long inner and 
three outer and shorter claws, much as in tr (fascia. Expands f inch, 
18 millim. 

Habitat. — Selma, Alabama. 

The species has the ovipositor of 9 distinctly extruded. The apices 
of primaries are somewhat more produced than in the others in this 
group. 

A single specimen in my collection, received from Prof. Riley after 
the plates were alread}' completed and of which therefore no figures are 
given. 

S. tertia, Grt., Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1874, 212 (Tamila), PI. VII, fig. 19, 
tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 30, primary. 

Begins a new § and readily distinguished from any of the preceding 
by the four outer claws of tibia ; the markings are shown by the figure 
and are ochrous on a white ground ; the reniform is distinct, the secon- 
daries dirty white with a darker shade at outer margin. Expands 1-1 \ 
inches, 2-1—27 millim. 

Habitat. — Texas. 

S. albalascia, sp. nov. (PI. VII, fig. 20, tibia, PL VIII, fig. 31, wing). 

Closely related to the foregoing, but obviously distinct by the black 
outer margin and large discal spot of secondaries, and by the broad white 
space of primaries, the want of the reniform which is only faintly indi- 
cated, and by the different armature of the fore tibia. It, as well as the 
preceding, differs from the subsequent species in the § by the slighter 
body and comparatively larger wings. There may be, and probably are, 
some structural characters which would separate these two species from 
the others in this genus, but I have not been able to find them, nor do I 
believe that they can be discovered except by denuding the specimens. 
Expands 1 inch. The type is a % in my collection. 

Habitat. — Utah. 

S. Regia, Strk.. Lep. 121 (Heliothis), PI. VII, fig. 21, tibia. PI. VIII, fig. 32, 
wing. 

A very pretty species, differing from the others of the § by the rose- 
ate primaries, crossed by a pale median shade, and with pale outer mar- 
gin. Expands Ik inch, 26-30 millim. 

Habitat. — Kansas. 



232 j. b. smith. 

S. sanguinea. Gey., Zutr. 4. 9. fig. 613,614 (Oria): Guen. 2, 167, p. 9, 5 

(Oria); Grt. (Porrima) PI. VII, fig. 22, tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 33, wing. 

Superficially this species resembles the preceding, but differs by the 
want of the outer pale margin, and by the white scales on the veins 
throughout the primaries. The difference between the tibial armature is 
apparent by a comparison of the figures and need not be specifically 
noted here. Expands 1J inch, 32 millim. 

Habitat. — Southern States and California (Auc. Grote). 

S. Clipes, Grt., Buf. Bui. II, PI. 3, fig. 4 (Heliothis) ; Crotchii, Hy. Edw. 
(Helloihis) ; PI. VII, fig. 23, tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 34, primary. 

Obviously different from all others in the genus, but not sufficiently 
distinct to authorize generic separation. With Heliothis it has nothing 
in common except the pattern of markings, while the shaggy heavy 
vestiture and plump figure gives it a different appearance from any of 
the other species here placed. The figure of the tibia is distorted and 
gives a half side view, but the armature is all given. Expands 1 inch, 
28 millim. 

Habitat. — Washington Territory. 

S. Jagiiarina, Guen., Noct. 2, 184 (Anthoecia), Grt. Proc. Ent. Soe. Phil. 3, 
528, et. Buf. Bui. 2, 126 ( Melicliptria) ; PL VII, fig. 24. tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 35, 
wing. 

The largest and most robust of the species, readily separated from the 
others of this § by the yellow secondaries margined with black, and the 
large spot of same color on disc. The markings of the primaries are 
smoky brown on a yellowish gray ground, arranged as in figure. Expands 
1| inch, 32-36 millim. 

Habitat. — Georgia, Nebraska and Colorado. 

S. Spraguei, Grt., Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. 2, 341, PI. 6, figs. 4 and 5 (An- 
thoecia); Buf. Bui. 2, 34 (Melicliptria) ; List of 1875 (Lygranthoecia); PI. VII, 
fig. 25, tibia; PI. VIII. fig. 36, wing. 

Separable from the foregoing by the darker color of primaries and by 
the yellow secondaries lacking the discal spot and having a much wider 
black margin. The body also is of a beautiful golden yellow. Expands 
|-i inch, 22-24 millim. 

Habitat. — New York and Eastern States. 

S arcif'era, Guen., Noc. 3, 399 (Anthoecia), arcigera 1. c. p. 184, Grt., Proc. 
Ent. Soe. Phil. 2, 340, PI, VI, fig. 3; Buf. Bui. 2.34 (Melicliptria) ; PI. VII, fig. 
26, tibia, PL VIII, fig. 37, wing. 

Readily separated from all the others of this section by the black body 
and secondaries. Primaries much as in the preceding, but darker through- 
and with the median shade somewhat constricted. Expands as before. 

Habitat. — Atlantic States. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 233 

S. spinosae. Guen., Noot. 2, 182, PI. IX, fig. 10 {Heliothis); Anthoecia hir- 
tella, G. & R., Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. 6. 19, PI. Ill, fig. 3. PI. VII, fig. 28, tibia, 
PI. VIII, fig. 38, wing. 

Decidedly different in the armature of anterior tibia from all others in 
this genus, and I refer it here with considerable hesitation. From lie- 
Hot his it differs in the vestiture and somewhat in the armature. The 
armature is more spine than claw like, and the eyes are somewhat nar- 
rowed — scarcely more so, however, than in separata — and as it has all 
the superficial characteristics of this genus I leave it here for the pres- 
ent. Expands f inch, 20 millim. 

Habitat. — New York. 

S. lupatus, Grt. (Heliothis), Can. Ent. 7, 224. 

This species I did not receive until the plates were completed, so I am 
unable to give figures of either tibia or wing. The anterior tibiae are 
abbreviated, broadened at tip, and have a long inner and shorter outer 
claw. It comes thus into the same section with Spinosea, and is cer- 
tainly no Heliothis, the scaly vestiture alone sufficing to separate it. The 
insect does not at all resemble anything else in the group, but comes very 
near to the insect named illiterata by Mr. Grote, and which he now re- 
fers to Orthosia aurantiago, Guen. A specimen received from Prof. 
Riley is labelled Pyrrhia illiterata in Mr. Grote's handwriting, and was 
determined by Mr. Grote for Mr. Riley some years ago. As Heliothis 
lupatus I have a specimen from Mr. Neumoegen's collection also labelled 
by Mr. Grote — the two insects are unquestionably identical, and in one 
case -certainly Mr. Grote has been in error. It is impossible for me to 
ascertain where the error is, for I have not seen the types of either of 
the species, but as Mr. Grote has written considerably of Heliothids 
lately, I assume that his latest determination is most likely to be correct. 
Heliothis lllinoisensis, French, was also referred by Mr. Grote as a 
synonym of Orthosia. aurantiago, after an examination of the type as 
Prof. French informs me. I accept this reference as correct. The spe- 
cies lupatus is reddish, somewhat as in Char idea umbra, paler at basal 
half. There is no pale median shade. The usual lines are all distinct 
and black, the subterniinal being strongly dentate ; the orbicular is small 
but distinct, and the reniform is large and distinctly bounded. There is 
a diffuse blackish transverse shade just beyond the middle of the wing; 
thorax concolorous, with primaries ; secondaries paler, the basal half 
rather more yellowish ; an indistinct transverse dark line crosses the 
wing at basal third, and a narrower, more distinct line crosses it at outer 
third ; abdomen yellowish ; beneath paler than above ; primaries with 
the orbicular and reniform distinctly marked, and a dark subterniinal 

TKANS. AMEIi. ENT. SOC. X. (59) FEBRUARY, 1883. 



234 J. B. SMITH. 

shade ; secondaries with transverse lines faintly reproduced. Expands 

li inches, 32 millhn. 

Habitat. — Texas. 

S. Packardii, Grt., Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. 3, 528, PI. VI, fig. 2 ; Buf. Bui. 
2, p. 34 (Melicliptria) ; New Check List (Anihoecia). PI. VII, fig. 29, tibia. 

The most heavily armed of the species, and readily recognized by that 
character alone. Superficially it resembles Jaguarina, and the secon- 
daries are as in that species. In fact, on again comparing them there is 
little else than tibial armature to separate the two. This, however, is so 
marked that there can be no question as to the specific distinctness of the 
two. Expands 1 inch, 2(J millim. 

Habitat. — Texas. 

S. i Ina. Grt., Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. 3, 528, PI. VI., fig. ] (Anthoecia). 

This species resembles the preceding in armature, but differs from it in 
the uniform pale yellow color of the wings, scarcely a trace of the usual 
markings being visible. I have seen the type at Philadelphia. Expands 
as before. 

Habitat. — Texas. 

S. iiobilis, Grt., Proc. Ent. Soc. Ph. 3, 529, PI. VI, fig. 3 ; Packardii, var. 
Grt., Buf. Bui. 2, 34 (Melicliptria) ; Lists ( Lygr anthoecia) ; New Check List (An- 
thoecia). 

I have seen the type of this species in the Philadelphia collection ; 
the tibia is as heavily armed as in Packardii, and it resembles that spe- 
cies in the form of marking, but is much paler and the markings are 
scarcely contrasted ; the primaries are a pale clay yellow, the median and 
terminal spaces only slightly paler ; reniform distinct ; secondaries with a 
darker margin and distinct dark discal spot. 

It was not until after the synopsis was in the hands of the printer that 
I saw the type, and therefrom found that I had heretofore been in error in 
the insect to which this name belonged. Expands as before. 

Habitat. — Arizona (?). 

S. Thoreaui, G. A R., Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 3. 181, PI. II, fig. 80 (An- 
thoecia) i Buf. Bui. 2, p. (Lygranthoecia), PL VII, fig. 30, tibia, PL VIII, fig. 40, 
wing. 

Also very strongly armed ; easily distinguished by the uniform pale 
gray color, the slightly paler median space, separated by narrow, crenu- 
lated white lines. Expands \\ inch, 30 millim. 

Habitat. — Texas. 

S. rivulosa, Guen., Noet. 2, 1S4, PL IX, fig. 12 (Anthoecia); marginatus, 
Haw., 374 (Crambus); contracta, Wlk., C. B. M., Noct. 836 (Microphysa) ; diver- 
gens, Wlk., id. 830 (Antophila); designata, Wlk., id. 830 (Euclidia); Lygran- 
thoecia, Grt., lists ; PL VII, fig. 31 . tibia, PL VIII, fig. 41, wing. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 235 

Rather a formidable synonoiny for a common insect, and it should 
indicate a considerable variation in the species. This, so far as I am 
aware of, does not exist, but on the contrary it seems remarkably con- 
stant. Much like the preceding superficially, but the colors are more 
contrasted, and the lines are wider and not crenulate. Expands 1 inch, 
26 millim. 

Habitat. — Middle States. 

S. constricta, Hy. Edw., Papilio, 2, 128 {Lygranthoecia) ; PL VII, fig. 32, 
tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 42, wing. 

Entirely peculiar in its marking, which I leave to the figure to explain. 
It is closely related to the preceding, while easily separated from it. Ex- 
pands 1 inch, 26 millim. 

Habitat. — North Carolina. 

S. Brevis, Grt., Proc. Am. Ent. Soc. 3, 530, PI. VI, fig. 4; Buf. Bui. 2, 34 
(Melicliptria) ; var. Atrites, Grt., Buf. Bui. 1, 119, PL VII, fig. 33, tibia, PL VIII, 
fig. 43, wing. 

Widely distinct from the species immediately preceding so far as super- 
ficial appearance is concerned, and readily distinguished by the propor- 
tionately small wings ; the primaries of a deep brown, variagated with 
paler colors, as in figure ; the secondaries usually black with a yellow 
band, which in the var. Atrites is wanting. Expands f to i inch, 20-23 
millim. 

Habitat. — Colorado. 
S. erraus. sp. nov. PL VII, fig. 34, tibia, PL VIII, fig. 44, wing. 

This species is the one usually labelled nobilis in collections, and I 
have seen the species so labelled in Mr. Grote's handwriting. It bears 
some resemblance to the type of nob His in the Philadelphia collection, 
but is evidently distinct by the armature of the anterior tibia. It is 
related to the preceding in form, but diners in color and markings; the 
latter are olivaceous on a luteous ground, arranged as shown in the figure. 
Expands i inch, 24 millim. 

Habitat. — Arizona. 

S. inclara, Strk., Lep. 122 (Heliothis); Grt. New List (Anthoecia); PL VII, 
fig. 35, tibia, PL VIII, fig. 45, wing. 

Resembles the preceding in form and color, but differs evidently in the 
pattern of the marking as shown in figure. Expands as before. 
Habitat. — Texas. 

S. M eskeana, Grt., Can. Ent. 7, 224 ; fastidiosa, Strk., Lep. 121 {Heliothis) : 
Grt., Papilio, 1, 157 {Lygranthoecia); New List {Anthoecia) ; rujimedia, Grt., Bkln. 
Bui. 3, 31 ; PL VII, fig. 34, tibia, PL VIII. fig. 46, wing. 

Of rujimedia I have the type from Mr. Hulst's collection ; of Meske- 



23(l J. B. SMITH. 

ana I have a specimen so labelled by Mr. Grote from Mr. Neumoe- 
gen's collection. The two are undoubtedly identical, though rufimedin 
from the manner in which it is spread has a somewhat different appear- 
ance. The bright roseate shade renders this species readily recogniz- 
able. Expands | inch, 17 millim. 
Habitat. — Texas and Florida. 

S. ultima, Strk., Lep. 122 [Heliothis) ; Grt. Papilio, 1,157, Lygranthoecia ; PI. 
VII. fig. 36, tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 47. wing. 

Probably only a variety of Menkeana. The underside is identical, the 
style of markings above is the same, and the only difference is in the 
color of primaries. Lack of sufficient material prevents my making the 
reference with certainty, and I will leave the insect here for the present 
as a good species. 

DERRIMA, Wlk. 
C. B. M., Noct 770. 

Eyes naked, rather small, rounded ; head small, sunken, buried in the 
projecting vestiture of thorax ; front globose, not projected ; tongue 
moderate ; thorax short, heavy, densely clothed with thick hairy vesti- 
ture ; abdomen slender ; wings broad and rather short, with rounded 
outer margin and angles ; tibiae not spinose ; anterior not abbreviated, 
armed at tip with three terminal spines precisely as in Meluporphyria 
immortua. 

Two species are described ; one by Walker, which is unknown to me, 
and the other by Mr. Grote, this is 

l>. Henrietta, Grt, Proc. Ent Soc.Phil. 3. 3, PI. II, fig. 1 (Philomma); PI. 
VII, fig. 37, tibia, PI. VIII, fig. 48, wing. 

The species is readily recognized by the yellow color of primaries, 
margined outwardly with red, as shown in the figure ; the spots are small, 
annulated ; centre white, and arranged as in figure. Expands | inch, 22 
millim. 

Habitat. — Southern States. 

D. stellata, Wlk., C. B. M. Noct. 770; Grt., Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 2, 119. 

This species is unknown to me. Mr. Grote who saw it in England 
says loc. cit. supra. " It differs as follows : The fringes on both wings are 
long and pink ; the ocellate spots on primaries are a little larger, pure 
white, narrowly margined with black scales, not with suffused ferruginous 
borders in which the lower spot is generally absorbed as in Henrietta. 
The pink terminal space of the same wings is shaded with yellow, and 
the ground color of both wings beneath is yellow, shaded pink on the 
borders. Finally the narrow line which defines the pink terminal space 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 237 

inwardly appears to be straight, not scolloped and defined by white spots 
as in Henrietta." 

From this it will be seen that the difference between the two species 
is slim, and the probabilities are that they are varieties of the same spe- 
cies. 

9IELAPOKPHYRI4, Grt. 

Eyes naked, narrow, ovate or reniform ; head moderate, scarcely, if at 
all, retracted ; palpi short, as usual fringed beneath ; front full, in some 
specimens of ononis the inferior clypeal plate is very slightly produced ; 
tongue strong ; body moderate ; vestiture hairy ; thorax and abdomen 
untufted, the latter of the usual form ; wings moderate, with somewhat 
produced apices ; tibiae spinose, anterior with two or three spinules at 
extremity, not at all abbreviated. 

To this genus I refer the European species ononis, of which oregona, 
Hy. Edw., is a synonym, Melicliptria belladonna, Hy. Edw., and M. 
prorupta, Grt. They all agree with He/iothis in structure except as to 
the eyes which here are reniform. It is not a compact genus, and the 
species do not much resemble each other in ornamentation, but the struc- 
tural resemblances are so close that I do not see how it can be again sub- 
divided, and from the genera into which the various species have been 
described, they differ in some respects which I consider of a generic 
value. 

The species are separated as follows : 

Anterior tibia with three terminal spines; color of wings dark smoky brown 
primaries with three oblique pale lines, a lighter median shade, and a vinous 
outer margin immortua. 

Anterior tibia with two terminal spines; wings with a pale yellow median space, 
base and outer margin reddish brown on primaries; on secondaries darker, 

prorupta. 

Wings deep black; secondaries with white median band; primaries with white 
median space, in which are the large black reniform and orbicular, 

belladonna. 

Wings smoky, with paler median space; reniform and orbicular of primaries 
large; secondaries with large dark discal spot, and a pale lunule in the dark 
marginal band ononis. 

M. imiiiortiia, Grt., Buf. Bui. II. p. 75, PI. VII, fig. 37, tibia, and PL VIII, 
fig. 49, wing. 

The type of the genus, and differing from all the others in having the 
anterior tibiae armed at tip with three terminal spines. It is readily 
recognized by the dark color and fine whitish oblique lines of primaries. 
Expands i inch, 24 millim. 

Habitat. — Colorado (New York?). 

(60) 



238 J. B. SMITH. 

ML prorupta, Grt., Trans. Am. Ent. Soe. 4, p. 294 (Melir.liptria); venusta, 
Hy. Edw., Pac. Coast Lep. No. 12, 10 (Melicliptria) ; PI. VII, fig. 38, tibia, PI. 
VIII, fig. 50, wing. 

Stouter than the other species of this genus, and with two terminal 
spines on anterior tibia ; the wings are very simply marked, and the spe- 
cies is readily recognizable. The form of marking is sufficiently shown 
in the figure, and the color is given in the table. In superficial appear- 
ance it is very close to Melicliptria, from which in fact it differs only by 
the longer anterior tibia, armed with spines instead of claws. This spe- 
cies as well as the following would be placet! in Heliothis under Lederer's 
definition of that genus ; they differ from immortua in having rather 
narrower wings. Expands 1| inch, 26—28 millim. 
Habitat. — California. 

M. ononis, Fabr., 81, S. V. (Noctua); Led. Noet. Eur. (Heliothis); oregona, 
Hy. Edw., Proe. Cal. Ac. Nat. ScL, May, 1875 (Melicliptria) ; PL VIII, fig. 51. 

This species is common to both Europe and America, though found 
here only in the Western States. I have carefully compared specimens 
from Colorado and Nevada with those from Europe, and there is no 
appreciable difference between them. It was placed in Melicliptria by 
Mr. Henry Edwards, and if is catalogued in Staudinger's list as Helio- 
this. I have placed it here as better located than in either of the others. 
I would fain have made this the type of the genus, and placed immortua 
as an aberrant representative with it, but this is now impossible. Ex- 
pands 1 inch, 26-28 millim. 

Habitat. — Colorado and Nevada. 

The caterpillar is said to feed on Ononis spinosea et arvensis, and to 
prefer the flowers. It is cylindric, tapering toward the extremities, and 
is said to vary in color and maculation with every moult. It varies from 
dark green with yellow lines to rosy or crimson red, or even brown with 
more or less distinct paler longitudinal lines and always darker transverse 
lines; finely pubescent. 

M. belladonna, Hy. Edw.. Papilio 1, 20 (Melicliptria) ; PI. VIII, fig. 52. 

Undoubtedly congeneric with ononis. Unique in appearance, and 
readily recognized by the deep black color, contrasted with the white 
central spaces in both wings. The figure is from Mr. Edwards' type. 
Expands li inches, 28—30 millim. 

Habitat. — Southern Utah. 

PSKUDOTAHILA, Gen. nov. 
Eyes naked, ovate, small ; head retracted, small ; clypeus prominent, 
bulging ; tongue moderate ; palpi exceeding front and nearly reaching 
to vertex, slender, as usual fringed beneath: thorax stout, convex; ves- 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 239 

titure somewhat divergent, and consisting of flattened hair and scales; 
primaries rather short and broad with somewhat produced apices ; tibiae 
spinose ; anterior but little abbreviated, with a moderate, pointed claw at 
inner and one or two small claws at outer side of tip ; abdomen conic, of 
the usual HeUothkl form. 

This genus is based on a species of Tamils and one of Melidiptria ; 
from the former it differs by the reniform eyes and armature of fore 
tibia, from the latter by the scaly vestiture. 

The species are as follows : 

Secondaries black, with an entire white band near base: primaries with a whit- 
ish median space; reniform pale, indistinct vanella. 

Secondaries black, with an interrupted white band beyond the middle, a narrow 
white median space on primaries, divided by the distinct dark reniform, 

permiiiuta. 
P. vanella, Grt. Can. Ent. 2, 197 ( Tamila) ; PI. VII, fig. 39, tibia, and PL 
VIII. fig. 53, wing. 

Markings sufficiently shown in figure ; the tibia is very like that of 
Melidiptria, but the palpi are different, and the vestiture will readily 
separate the two. With Tamila nundina, the type of that, genus, this 
species has nothing in common. Expands | inch, 20 millim. 
Habitat. — Nevada and California. 

H. permiiiuta, Hy. Edw., Papilio 1,21 {Melidiptria); PL VII, fig. 40, 
tibia, and PL VIII, fig. 54, wing. 

The armature of the anterior tibia differs from that of the foregoing 
species, by having a supplemental small claw at outer side ; the median 
band of primaries is not so distinct ; the markings differ as shown in fig- 
ure, aud the size is perceptibly smaller. Expands f inch, 17 millim. 
Habitat. — Southern California. 

HELIOSEA, Grt. 
Buf. Bui. 2, 220. 

Like Heliophana, but with the fore wings more widened outwardly, 
and by the inner claw of the fore tibia being single. 

The species is pictipenrtis, Grt., Buf. Bui. 2, 220; Illustrated Essay, 
PI. Ill, fig. 32. The species is unknown to me except from the figure 
and description which is as follows : " Fore wings pale clay color with two 
vinous purple lines, the inner arcuate, the outer subsinuate ; basal and 
terminal spaces somewhat olivaceous, as is the thorax and head ; costa 
shaded with vinous purple as are the fringes ; hind wings black, with a 
broad white band ; abdomen black, pale at tip ; beneath pale, with black- 
ish shades at the base and before internal angles of the wings. Expanse 
14 millim. " 

Hob if a t. — Calif i irn ia . 



2-40 J. B. SMITH. 

It is impossible to refer this with any degree of certainty, so I leave 
matters as they are until some accident turns up another specimen. 

Ill I lot' II \ N V. Grt. 
Buf. Bui. II, 220. 

Eyes naked, small, ovate ; front full, head small ; palpi short, tongue 
moderate ; body stout ; vestiture hairy, divergent ; abdomen conic ; 
primaries broad and rather short ; apical margin slightly produced ; 
tibiae spinose ; anterior short, broad, with two equal terminal claws, and 
two shorter claws on outer side. Differs from Melicliptria only in the 
stouter body, rather broader wings, and the form of anterior tibia and its 
armature. It is with some hesitation that I separate it, but it is readily 
recognized, and does not conflict with that genus as defined. 

The species are distinguished as follows : 

Primaries wide, clay yellow, with slightly darker transverse shades; secondaries 

smoky brown mil i*. 

Primaries vinous red; secondaries black bina. 

H. mitis, Grt., Buf. Bui. I, 116, PI. Ill, fig. 7 (Melicliptria) ; Buf. Bui. II, p. 

220 (Heliophana). 

The type of the genus and readily recognized by the form of anterior 
tibia, PI. VII, fig. 41, and the pale, almost unicolored primaries. Ex- 
pands | inch, 20 millim. 

Habitat. — Texas. 

H. bina, Guen., Noct. 2, 186; Grt. Buf. Bui. II, p. 34 {Melicliptria); New 
Check List (Li/granthoecia). 

I am doubtful of the correctness of this reference. The only speci- 
men I have seen lacks the anterior legs, so that I am not quite sure it 
belongs here; it was, however, placed in Li/granthoecia by Mr. Grote, 
so I assume the anterior tibia bear at least some resemblance to that 
genus, from which this insect differs by the ovate eyes and hairy vesti- 
ture. Readily recognized by the contrasted wings, the primaries being- 
uniform vinous red, the secondaries are black. Expands f inch, 20 
millim. 

Habitat. — Nebraska. 

Guenee's description is as follows : 

Anthoecia bina, Guen., Noct. 2,186, 23 millim; primaries above variagated 
with red, brown and yellowish olive, the last color is found principally in the 
terminal space, the first at base and middle; two white points on costa indicate 
principally in the J the median lines which are very indistinct; secondaries 
black, base yellow and two spots of same color on disc, and fringes yellow: be- 
neath varied with black, pale yellow and red brown; the subterminal band of 
secondaries is entire. 

The 9 ' s darker and more reddish than the % . Am. Sept. coll. Bdv. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 241 

XAXTHOTH RIX, Hy. Edw. 

Cal. Ac. Sei., July. 1878. 

Eyes naked, slightly constricted, small ; head small, retracted, clothed 
with thin divergent vestiture ; palpi very short, not exceeding front ; 
heavily and lengthily fringed beneath; terminal joint sub-obsolete; 
tongue moderate ; clypeus with naked, irregular cup-like depression, at 
the lower portion of which is a tubercle-like projection varying in length; 
thorax stout, convex, with fine hairy vestiture ; legs moderate, clothed 
with fine hair, rather more lengthily in the %> ; tibiae not spinose, ante- 
rior armed with a single claw at tip ; wings proportionate ; primaries 
with costal margin somewhat depressed apices slightly produced ; more 
perceptibly in Neumoegeni ; there are no peculiarities of venation so far 
as I can discover from my limited material ; £ ovipositor extruded. 

This genus is closely allied to He/iodes, differing only in the form of 
the clypeal modification, by the presence of a claw on the anterior tibia 
and the somewhat more produced apex of primaries. 

Mr. Edwards doubted the generic identity of his two species. I fol- 
lowed suit in my synopsis, and Mr. Grote in his " New Check List," p. 
37, in note, separates Neumoegeni, creating therefor the genus Eued- 
wardsia, basing it on the difference in form of the clypeal projection and 
the more produced apex of primaries. Careful re-examination of the 
species leads me to believe that they must be retained in the same genus 
for the present. 

The two species can be readily distinguished as follows : 

Protuberance of clypeus not exceeding front: primaries pale olivaceous; secon- 
daries smoky black, with few olivaceous scales ranunculi. 

Protuberance exceeding front; wings tawny yellow ; primaries with three very 
indistinct darker streaks; secondaries with a discal reniform black spot and a 
narrow dusky outer margin Neumoegeni. 

X. ranunculi, Hy. Edw.. Cal. Ac. Nat. Sci.. July 1, 1878. 
Expands i inch, 21 millim. 
Habitat. — Southern California. 

X. \c11111ucgeni. Hy. Edw., Papilio I, p. 101. 
Expands f inch nearly, lb' millim. Habitat. — California. 
No figures are given of either of the species as they are unicolored 
and the tibia has only a single terminal claw. 

HKLIOLOKCUE, Grt. 

Buf. Bui. I, p. 115; Id. II. p. 2l!(>. 

Eyes naked, small and constricted ; head small, retracted ; clypeus 

with a flattened shelf-like projection interiorly ; palpi slightly exceeding 

the projection ; lengthily fringed beneath ; tongue strong ; vestiture of 

TRANS. AMKIi. EST. SOC. X. (lil) KKBRUARV, 1883. 



242 J. B. SMITH. 

head long and fine ; thorax convex, clothed with fine silken hair ; abdo- 
men more or less conic, with tufts of fine divergent hair at sides ; 9 
ovipositor extruded ; tibiae spinose ; anterior abbreviated, with a long 
inner and short outer claw (PI. VII, fig. 42); primaries with depressed 
costal margin and produced apices. Separated from Me/icliptria only by 
the clypeal projection. 

Mr. Grote's original description of the genus in Buf. Bui. 1, p. 115, 
is all wrong. He says the tibiae are not spinose. and is explicit in stat- 
ing that there is no clypeal projection — the exact opposite is the fact. 
The wings (primaries) are said to differ from Melic/iptria, being nar- 
rower and more lanceolate, in fact they agree precisely with Heliothis 
carcfui, which Mr. Grote says is the type of the genus. 

In Buf. Bui. II, p. 320, this description is so far corrected as to men- 
tion that the tibiae are spinose. 

H. mo<licella 7 Grt., Buf. Bui. I, p. 116, PI. Ill, fig.. 12, PI. VIII, 
fig. 55, is the only species and is readily recognized by the purplish 
primaries, having an oblique pale yellow fascia from near apex nearly to 
the internal angle. 

Expands f inch, nearly, 16 millim. 

Ha hit a t . — California. 

AXENUS, Grt. 

Buf. Bui. I, 152. 

Eyes naked, minute, reniform ; head small, retracted ; clypeus with a 

broad thin plate inferiorly, which is not exceeded by the short palpi ; 

form stout ; vestiture hairy, somewhat divergent ; primaries ample ; tibiae 

not spinose. 

Related to Hdiolonche by the clypeal structure, and to Hefiaca by 
the form. The species is 

A. arvalis, Grt., Buf. Bui, I. 152, PI. IV, %. 8, % . 

The species is readily distinguished by the structural characters, by 
the dark " olivaceous " blackish color and paler powdery transverse lines 
over both wings, and by the long paler fringes. Expanse 16-20 mil- 
lim. 

Two varieties, ochraceus and ampins, Hy. Edw., have been recently 
described. I know neither. 

Habitat. — California. 

I have referred this genus and species to the Heliothids rather than to 
the u Eustrotiinae" on account of the clypeal structure, reniform eyes. 
and divergent hairy vestiture. 

Anna]>/ii/a, Grt., also has ovate or reniform eyes, and has much of the 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 24o 

appearance of Heh'aea, differing however by the vestiture which in 
Annaphifa is scaly. 

MELICLEPTB1A, lib. 

Eyes naked, small, ovate ; head small, retracted, buried in the hairy 
vestiture of the thorax ; palpi very short, slight, heavily fringed beneath ; 
front full, but not bulging ; body stout, proportionately heavy, clothed 
with thin divergent hair, usually of a paler color than body and some- 
what silky ; primaries with more or less depressed costa and produced 
apex ; tibiae spinose ; anterior abbreviated, broadened at tip, with usually 
a moderate claw at inner, and a shorter claw at outer side of tip ; some- 
times also one or more additional claws at outer side ; claws of tarsi 
simple or but slightly dentate ; abdomen conic, untufted, with ovipositor 
of 9 extruded. 

The type of this genus cardtti, and its near ally cognata, of Europe 
are placed by Lederer in He/iothis, and so also Staudinger in his list 
catalogues them. They seem to me to be decidedly distinct from that 
genus by the ovate eyes, retracted head, thin silky vestiture, abbreviated 
and differently armed anterior tibiae, and by the much smaller primaries. 
with the apex more produced and costa more depressed than in He/io- 
this. 

Of the species placed by Lederer in his second group with ovipositor 
of 9 not extruded is ononis, of which Melicleptria oregona, Hy. Edw., 
is a synonym. This differs from all the others in that section known to 
me by the ovate eyes. It cannot be placed in the present genus, because 
the anterior tibia is not abbreviated and is entirely unarmed at tip, not 
even having terminal spines. It seems to find a place most properly be-' 
tween the two without belonging strictly to either, and I have therefore 
placed it in a preceeding genus, where its affinities and those of its con- 
geners are more fully discussed. 

The species placed in the present genus fall into two rather well- 
marked divisions by the form of the primaries. Some having them nar- 
row and small as in cardui, while others have them broader and more 
ample, resembling the following genus or Heliothis. The armature of 
suetus also of which I have examined the type, differs from that of car- 
dui (PI. VII, fig. 43), but the remaining characters are the same, and 
this difference in armature authorizes a section of the genus only. 

Adonisea, Grt., is a synonym of this genus. Careful examination 
fails to reveal any generic difference whatever, and the somewhat wider 
wings only separate it from cardui and allies, but bring it nearer to other 
species in the genus. The armature of the anterior tibia is practically 



244 J. B. SMITH. • 

identical with cardui (PI. VII, figs. 42, 43), and absolutely so with 
Heliolonche, which in turn differs from cardui only by the clypeal pro- 
jection. The genera here are separated by slight characters, readily 
recognizable however, and so arranged that any one differing from my 
views as to their value may range them under one genus if he so pleases. 
As restricted by me, the species of the genus may be distinguished as 
follows : 

Armature of anterior tibia consisting of a long claw at inner and a shorter at 
outer side of tip. 

Secondaries unicolored, immaculate deep orange red celeris. 

Secondaries black, with a large yellow spot; primaries purplish red with a pale 
yellow median shade, more or less irrorate, with bluish scales, 

pulchripennis. 

Secondaries yellow, with black margins and large black discal spot; primaries 
much as before, but with a pale leaden gray outer margin Graefiana. 

Secondaries black, with two or three small pale yellow spots; wings beneath 
with contrasted black and whitish markings villosa. 

Secondaries black, with an irregular whitish band and a whitish lunule in outer 

margin; primaries black, irregularly varied with pale yellow. ..Iionesta. 

Anterior tibia with a long inner and three shorter outer claws sueta. 

M. celeris, Grt., Buf. Bui. I, p. 148 (Me/icliptria) ; New Check List (Euros) ; 
PI. VIII, fig. 56. 

A strongly marked species readily distinguished by the red primaries. 
Referred to Euros in the Check List, but restored to Melicliptria in 
Can. Ent. XIV, p Expands f inch, 22 millim. 

Habit nt. — Southern California. 

HI. pulchripeimis, Grt., Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. His. 16, p. 241; Buf. Bui. 
II, p. 241 (Adonixea) ; var. languida, Hy. Edw., Papilio 1, 20: PI. VIII, fig. 57. 

A very pretty and decidedly marked species. The tibia is shown PL 
VII, fig. 42, and differs from the type form in being heavier and blunt. 
The markings of primaries are shown in figure. The variety languida 
is much more irrorate with blue and the color is more dull. Expands f 
inch, 22 millim. 

Ha b ita t. — Southern Cal if< >rnia . 

M. villOSa, Grt., Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. p. 531, PI. VI, fig. 6; pauxil/a, Grt., 
Buf. Bui. 1, p. 118, PI. III. fig. 6: per.iimi/is, Grt,. Buf. Bui. 1, p. 117. PI. III. fig. 
11: PI. VIII, fig. 58. 

Rather a variable species as appears from the synonomy. Pauxilla, 
of which I have the type, was referred by Mr. Grote himself to villosa. 
The type of persimilis, also in my possession, differs in the more con- 
trasted color of primaries, and the larger and paler spots on secondaries 
The type of persimifis is a 9 j °f pauxilla a % . The latter differs in 
the paler ground color of primaries, but is undoubtedly identical with 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 245 

villosa. The under side of both are identical. Expands f to 1 inch, 
20-26 millim. 

Habitat. — Colorado and California. 

M. Graefiaua, Tepper. "Avery pretty species, closely allied to pulchri- 
pennis, but differing from it and all the other species in the genus by the yellow 
secondaries margined all around with black, and having a large black discal spot; 
the primaries are of a rather pale vinous red, with pale gray outer margin and 
wide yellow median shade in which are the large reuiform and orbicular." The 
markings are shown in PL VIII, fig. 59. The tibia are as in pulchripennis. 

Described by Mr. Tepper at my request from the unique 9 m his 
collection. Expands i inch, 22 millim. 

Habitat. — Southern California. 

M. honesta, Grt., Papilio l,p. 77; PI. VIII, fig. 60. 

Distinguished from all others by the interrupted pale band of secon- 
daries and pale spot in outer margin. Expands 1 inch, 22 millim. 

Habitat. — Washington Territory, Mount Hood. 

M. sueta, Grt., Buf. Bui. 1, p. 117, PI. Ill, fig. 10; Calif orniensis, Grt., Buf. 
Bui. 1, p. 149, PI. VII, fig. 44, tibia, and PI. VIII, fig. 61, primary. 

The types of both these species are in my possession. The markings 
on both are identical, but the ground color of Calif orniensis is darker 
than in sueta, otherwise and on the reverse there is no difference. Ex- 
pands li inch, 32 millim. 

HELIACA. H. Sch. 

Eyes naked, narrow ovate ; front full, with rough hairy vestiture ; palpi 
short, fringed beneath ; tongue moderate ; body moderate, with coarse hairy 
vestiture ; wings ample ; primaries with only slightly produced apices ; 
tibiae not spinose, anterior unarmed ; abdomen of % with tufts at sides. 

The species that I refer to this genus differ from their European con- 
geners by the somewhat stouter form, the somewhat less ample lirimaries 
and the somewhat more produced apices, but the relationship is other- 
wise so close, that I have no hesitation whatever in referring them here. 

The species are readily separable as follows : 

Primaries dark smoky brown, with yellow median shade, interrupted by the large 

dark reniform and orbicular diiiiiiliitivus. 

Primaries pale clay yellow, with lighter median space, markings identical with 

preceding fasciata. 

Primaries smoky brown, with wider yellow median shade; reniform smaller, an 

apical white patch and sinuate pale outer line ilubitsiii*. 

Primaries bright rosy crimson, darker at base; a creamy white median band and 

a rather wide steel-blue subterminal line nexilis. 

H. diuiiiiutivus, Grt.. Buf. Bui. I, p. 148 (Heliothis) ; id. II, p. 34 {Meli- 

chptria). 

.Separable from both the genera in which it has been heretofore placed 

(62) 



24G J. B. SMITH. 

by the non-spinose tibia; the markings of primaries are shown PI. VIII, 
fig. 02 ; the secondaries vary from having a single spot at middle of 
costal margin to three confluent spots, forming a yellowish band across 
secondaries. Expands § inch, 20-2-4 millim. 
Habitat. — California and Nevada. 

H. fasciata, Hy. Edw. (PL VIII, fig. 63). 

Almost certainly a variety of the preceding, but my material is not 
large enough to prove it ; the under side is identical, and the marking 
of the upper side of primaries is the same ; only the very pale color of 
the primaries above separates the two. Expands f inch, 20 millim. 

Habitat. — Nevada. 

H. dubitans, Tepper (PI. VIII. fig. 64). 

Described by Mr. Tepper at my request. The single specimen from 
Nevada wants the anterior legs, but is otherwise perfect ; a single 
spinule terminating the median tibiae leads me to feel a slight doubt 
about the correctness of the generic reference, for which I am respon- 
sible ; the markings on upper surface of primaries are shown in the fig- 
ure ; the reverse is a copy of the upper side, except that the colors are 
black and white ; secondaries black, with a narrow white band composed 
of confluent spots. Expands f inch, 20 millim. Type coll. Tepper. 

Habitat. — Nevada, % . 

H. nexilis, Morr., Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1S75, 102 (Eutricopis) ; Grote. 
New Check List (Me/ichptria); elaborate., Hy. Edw., Papilio I, 21 (PI. VIII, fig. 65). 

I have had before me the types of Eutricopis nexilis and Mel. elabo- 
rata, the former from Mr. Tepper's collection, the latter from Mr. Ed- 
wards'. They are undoubtedly identical. Mr. Morrison's type is a % , Mr. 
Edwards' a $ , and the latter is the brighter colored and rather the more 
perfect specimen. The secondaries are black, and have two whitish spots 
on disc, barely connected. £ and $ expands f inch, 20-23 millim. 

Habitat. — Colorado. 

PSEUDAt'OMTIA, gen. nov. 

Eyes naked, large, globose •, clypeus full ; palpi short, with heavy 
middle and small terminal joint ; the latter truncate at tip ; tongue 
moderate ; vestiture smooth, scaly, with a small posterior tuft ; primaries 
elongate, with rounded apices and outer margin ; abdomen conic without 
tufts on the specimens I have seen ; legs strong, with unusually elongate 
posterior tarsi ; tibiae notspinose, anterior abbreviated, widened at tip, with 
corneous termination and a stout, strong inner claw (PI. VII, fig. 45). 

Bears a strong superficial resemblance to Aconfia. as which the species 
was described by Mr. Morrison. This is 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 247 

P. criiKtaria, Morr., Proc. Ac. Nat. Sri. Phil. 1875, p. 70 (Acontia), PI. 

VIII. fig. 6fi. 

Readily recognized, not only by the generic characters but by the 
whitish primaries with dark base, median and marginal band ; secon- 
daries blackish, with a white median band not attaining the costal margin. 

I have the type of Mr. Morrison's Acontia crustaria ( S and $ ), 
and they cannot remain associated with that genus. The bulging cly- 
peus, and more than all the abbreviated armed fore tibia place the species 
among the Heliothids, and forms the connecting link between the two 
groups. Both specimens had the anterior tibia prominently displayed, 
and I cannot understand Mr. Morrison's remark, " legs long and slender ; 
the tibia unarmed." Expands rather more than an inch, 28 millim. 

Habitat. — Nebraska. 

The species which I have not seen are as follows : 

Schinia reetifascia, Grt., Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 16, 242.— More 
broadly winged and slighter bodied than S. trifaxcia, Hb., of a somewhat pale, 
dull olivaceous color. The primaries have each three pale fasciae, but these are 
much narrower and nearly upright in the new species. The two first correspond- 
ing to the ordinary median lines are nearly straight, wider apart than in trifasciu, 
where they are approximate and very oblique. The third fascia corresponds to 
the usual subterminal line; it is outwardly projected beyond its costal inception, 
where it copies the course of the second fascia or outer median line. A pale linear 
discoloration at the extremity of the cell in the place of the reniform. The fringes 
and terminal margin are stained of a brownish ochraceous on both wings; the 
secondaries are silky, discolored whitish; beneath pale fuscous, with oehreous 
terminal stains dying the fringes, and with costal trace of double darker common 
lines. Expanse 28 millim. 

Habitat. — Pennsylvania and Alabama. 

Anthoecia tuberculum, Hb., Zutr. 517, 518; Guen. Noct. 2, 185. — 
Primaries above clear ochraceous, mixed with olivaceous at base, at the median 
space and toward the outer margin, where it forms a band which occupies the 
entire subterminal space — the rest cloudy, indistinct; the reniform is more or less 
distinct; secondaries black, yellow at base with a black discal spot; beneath 
varied with ochraceous and black; the primaries have the disc black, with an 
inferior band and spot yellow ; abdwmen distinctly banded with yellow and black. 

Am. Sept. (Coll. Bd. ). 

Lygrantlioecin limbalis, Grt., Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. IS75. 421. — 
' " Allied to arcifera. Fore wings deep shining blackish-brown ; thorax more red- 
dish; ail the lines obliterate; the annulets of the reniform can be made out; on 
the middle of the wing there is a whitish patch on internal margin, and one 
above it, smaller, on costa ; hind wings black, immaculate, with pale fringes; be- 
neath black, with the terminal spaces reddish : abdomen black, with the terminal 
segment yellowish. Expands 2(1 millim. — Prof. Snow." 
Habitat. — Kansas. 
Would seem from the description to be ailed to L. const net a, Hy. Edw. 



248 J. B. SMITH. 

Lygranthoecia coercita, Grt., Papilio I. 150.— "Allied to balba in ap- 
pearance, but differing by the presence of four blunt spines on the outside of the 
fore tibia. It is very pale, and differs from Separata by the hind wings being 
white; primaries faded ochrey, with the lines white; s. t. space narrow, con- 
stricted by the broad white subterminal line opposite the cell; reuiform long, dis- 
colorous denned, extended inferiorly; orbicular marked; terminal line dotted; 
t. p. line not so much exserted opposite the disc as usual; head and thorax nearly 
white; same size with its allies. This form perhaps is nearest to Separata, but 
the ground color is as pale as Regia, in which the subterminal space is not con- 
stricted opposite the disc, and the fine rosy purple color is very different from the 
faded ochreous shadings on the primaries of Cocrcita." 

L.ygrantIioecia roseitiiicta. Harv., Buf. Bui. II, 278. — Fore tibia with 
a double row of spinules and inner longer terminal claw ; middle and hind tibiae 
unarmed; thorax of a light ochreous yellow, beneath drab; abdomen dark 
Quaker drab at upper portion, lower portion reddish, beneath light carmine red, 
anal tuft yellow : tibiae red ; primaries light brown drab, approaching a dusky 
yellow; t. a. line single, convex outwardly, most angulate at cell, almost obliter- 
ated on inferior margin, space between the t. a. line and the thorax filled with 
carmine; t. p. line concave above, convex below even on the costa; carmine 
shading in the subterminal space, an ill-defined median shade; terminal line 
black; fringes whitish; reniform oval, inwardly oblique, orbicular absent; be- 
neath carmine red, apex and costa white, basal streak black ; orbicular spot a 
black dot, a white line uniting it with the subquadrate reniform spot, subterminal 
and terminal spaces blackish, hardly obscuring the carmine; inferior marginal 
region white; the secondaries are of a bright crimson color, a broad black mar- 
gin not extended quite to anal angle; fringes white, except at anal angle, where 
they are concolorous : beneath concolorous, the black band only obtaining at in- 
ternal angle, a shade darker on the disc: fringes concolorous. Expanse 18 millim. 

Habitat. — Texas. 

L»ygranthoe«ria Parineliana, Hv. Edw., Papilio I. 14.— Primaries 
ochraceous drab, with a slight greenish tint; basal space clouded with olive 
brown ; t. a. line narrowly edged with white, and deeply toothed outwardly on 
median nervure; t. p. line also white, with a slight sinuation in the middle 
where it is lost in a brownish cloud ; the central space is the palest portion of the 
wing; it is crossed from costa to internal margin by a narrow olive-brown cloud, 
obscuring the large reniform spot; sub-reniform obsolete; behind the t. p. line 
is a dark olive-brown shade, the margins paler, with black dots at the end of the 
nervules; secondaries dusky, with a paler discal shade and the costa also pale ; 
fringes of both wings alternately stone color and brown : beneath the margins 
are broadly dusky, with dusky discal spots; centre of both wings paler; thorax 
and abdomen ochraceous drab. Expands 24 millim. 

Habitat. — Maryland. Type coll. Schonborn, Washington. 

Heliothis siren, Strk., Lep. 122. — Expands 15.16 inch. — Head and thorax 
yellow, inclining to rust color; abdomen above black, beneath yellowish; upper 
surface : primaries shining grayish yellow, much the same tint as in Lynx, Guen., 
also style of decoration much as in that species; the basal part is rust or sienna 
colored, mixed with black on or towards edge nearest the median space; the 
submarginal band is also rust colored, with exterior and inner edges mixed with 
black: this band is suddenlv narrowed to a mere line about one-third in from the 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 249 

costa; an indefinite rust colored shade through the middle of median spare: dis- 
cal spot rather small; fringes same color as ground of primaries; secondaries all 
black With pure white fringes; under surface of primaries black with a white 
exterior margin, and a narrow yellowish white edging on costa; inferiors black, 
with large white apical space extending along costa two-thirds in ; fringe white. 
Habitat.— Texas, J. Boll. 

Heliothis nubila, Strk.. Lep. 122,-Expands 15.16 inch—Head and body 
above grevish,-of an olivaceous green tinge; beneath whitish; upper surface; 
primaries 'same color as body ; the median lines very faintly defined, especially 
the inner one, which is almost obsolete; the sub-marginal space of a darker shade 
than the rest of the wing; basal part scarcely distinguishable from the median 
space; no discal spot or blotch perceptible; fringe same color as wings; secon- 
daries white of a yellowish cast, marginal band broad, black and straight on inner 
edge • discal spot large and black : some black scales at base ; fringes white ; under 
surface yellowish or tawny white ; on primaries a longitudinal black basal patch 
reaching neither to costa or inner margin: around black discal spot; abroad 
black submarginal band which does not extend to either inner margin or costa; 
between it and the latter the color is reddish : secondaries ; an mdist.nct discal spot 
and a sub-marginal band, inner half of which is black and apical half reddish. 
Habitat.— Texas, J. Boll. 

This is almost certainly identical with Avthoeiia mortua, Grt. 
HeliothiS lanul, Strk., Lep. mi-Expands 1-1.16 inches.-Head and 
body white, lightly tinged with sienna or rust brown at basal part of thorax and 
tips of patagia'e: upper surface : primaries white and not very dark rust brown ; 
the basal third is at and near base brown, then white with scattered brown points, 
then come, a line which extends from costa to inner margin as in Rtvulom, Regia, 
etc but not as much bent as in these species; this line is succeeded by the me- 
dian space, which is brown and encloses two conspicuous white spots, the largest 
i8 in thediscoidal cell-, the other half way between it and the inner margin the 
[argest of these white spots is joined exteriorly by a metallic lead-colored discal 
spot; the outer edge of the median space, which is very much produced opposite 
the discal spot, is succeeded by a white line edged outwardly with brown beyond 
this is again white, then an irregular jagged line of brown edged outwardly with 
white; this is succeeded by the marginal band of brown with a row of minute 
black spots; fringe white with brown points at tips of veins; secondar.es silky 
white with a very faint brownish sub-marginal band ; fringe long and white . 
under surface white, with markings of primaries in a manner somewhat faintly 
repeated in costal and exterior parts. 
Habitat. — Texas. 

Heliolhis gloriosa, Strk., Lep. U2.-Head and body above white, with 
pale olivaceous shades; beneath white; antennae and legs white ; upper surface 
primaries dull purplish red and olivaceous, neither of these colors intense, 
marked somewhat after the manner of Rivulosa and allies; the basal third of 
win- is purplish and is separated from the median spare by a pure white line 
that°widens at the veins thus forming teeth; the median space is olivaceous and 
encloses a purplish discal spot, which latter is prolonged outwardly to and beyond 
another white toothed line which separates the median from the outer space; the 
latter is purplish anteriorly and olivaceous marginally, the latter color is more or 

(63) FKBRUAKY.1883. 



250 J. B. SMITH. 

less at the nervules encroached on by the purple; fringe light and dark oliva- 
ceous; secondaries dirty white; a faint discal mark; marginal third of wing 
broadly shaded with brownish; fringe white, with brown at veins; under sur- 
face: primaries shining white; fuscous discal spot; a pale crimson shade near 
apex; abroad fuscous subinarginal band; fringe fuscous and white ; secondaries 
silky white; a very faint discal mark ; a slight pale crimson tint at apex; fringe 
white, with fuscous at nervules, which latter color does not extend to the termina- 
tions thereof. By far the largest and, with the exception of JRegia, the most beau- 
tiful of that group of which Rivulosa is the type. 
Habitat. — Texas. 

Aspila subflexa, Guen., Noct. 2, 175 (Aspila). — The primaries are a little 
more produced at apex than rhexia. Color very pale greenish yellow, with three 
olive green bands ; the third inflected at middle, and broken into a series of spots ; 
fringe olive green ; secondaries blanc nacre, absolutely without spot or band. 

RHODODIPSA, Grt. 
Buf. Bui. Geol. Surv. 3, 797. 

Mr. Grote in some remarks on the species volupia of Fitch gives the 
only definition of the genus which I have been able to find. He says, 
after remarking that in Rhodophora the anterior tibia besides being 
armed at tip has also spinules : " In Rhododip.sa the joint wants the 
spinules ; there is an outer claw and two spines on the inside, followed 
by a third paler-colored and more slender, but nearly as long, much 
longer than the ordinary spinules. At the location of this third spine 
in Rhodophora is a spinule not noticably longer than the rest, and not 
as long as one which follows the outer claw, and commences a series which 
is wanting in Rhododipsa volupia." 

This is all of generic characters given and it certainly does not sustain 
the genus. 

Rhododipsa volupia, Grt., Bui. U. S. Geol. Surv. 3, 797; Bkln. Bui. 
3,47. — Head and thorax dark yellow; fore and hind wings bright crimson; 
primaries with the median lines propinquitous, irregularly toothed, yellowish 
white, not very distinct; a yellowish white discal spot; the subterminal line of 
the same color runs very near the external margin, twice bent; the very narrow 
terminal space again crimson before the pale, yellowish fringes which are faintly 
interlined and similar on both wings; beneath the wings are crimson, with the 
secondaries shaded with pale, as also the costal edge of primaries; legs and under 
surface of thorax yellow ; abdomen red beneath. Expanse 26 millim. 
Habitat. — Texas and Colorado. 

After the above was written I saw the type of Fitch's volupia, and it 
is undoubtedly the same as the above species of Mr. Grote. The genus 
Rhododipsa as based on this species has no sufficient foundation ; the 
species is entirely congeneric with florida and gaurae, and was by Dr. 
Fitch correctly referred to A/aria. Mr. Grote's course in describing a 
species which he must have known by the description to have very closely 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 251 

resembled Mr. Fitch's volupia, under the same name, and thereafter en- 
tirely ignoring Mr. Fitch's species in his list can scarcely be called honest. 
R. miniana. Grt., Papilio 1, .75; id. 2, PL I, figs. 1 and 2-Thorax 
lighter vellow or orange; this color spreads over base of fore wings; fore 
wings pale smooth clay color, crossed by two broad vague mesial white 
bands; subterminal line inaugurated by a brilliant wine-red, outwardly ob- 
lique, linear scale patch, partly resolved into about three spots; a spot on inter- 
nal margin ; hind wings brilliant wine red; the internal magin yellowish; indi- 
cations of yellow mesial line, and the fringes are also of this color; beneath the 
disc of primaries is of the same wine red, and the hind wings are crossed by lines 
and shades of the same color. Expanse 24 millim. 
Habitat.— Northern New Mexico (Snow. ). 

Welicliptria Hoy i, Grt., Bui. Bkln. Ent. Soc. 3, 30.-Body blackish, hairy ; 
the villosity hasa purple tinge and is paler beneath; fore wings triangulate, 
blackish, overlaid by a sprinkling of pale scales, especially at base and terminally ; 
a rather narrow angulate yellowish white band crosses the wing at the place of 
the posterior line; hind wings yellowish white, with a rather wide determinate 
black border extending also along internal margin: no disca lunule , under sur- 
face paler, more whitish ; primaries diffusely whitish about the transverse band, 
reflected from the upper surface ; on secondaries a black costal spot and the whit- 
ish color intrudes on the terminal band at anal angle. Expanse 22 m.ll.m. 
Habitat. — Wisconsin. 

Melieliptria vacciniae, Hy. Edw., Proe. Cal. Ac. Nat. Sci. May 1875.- 
"Head and thorax brown, with a few brown scales; abdomen blackish brown, 
with the base of segments whitish; primaries light brown, with a golden tinge ; 
base of wing darker than the other portion ; t. a. only moderately curved, very 
slightly dentate anteriorly as it reaches the internal margin ; median shade whit- 
ish brown as it reaches the costa; orbicular almost obsolete; reniform large, dis- 
tinct- t p whitish, bent considerably outwards near the costa, nearly straight 
toward the internal margin; s. t. sharply toothed in the middle ; resting on this 
line are four or five black dashes ; fringes shining golden brown, with dark patches ; 
secondaries black, with median white fascia, broadest behind the m.ddle, but not 
reaching to the anal margin; near the outer margin is a small white streak sug- 
gesting a submarginal band ; fringes white ; beneath primaries black, reddish near 
costa, with broad median band, a kidney-shaped spot near apex and anteriorly 
notched marginal band, all cream white; secondaries black, with a large space 
near the costa. reddish white and a nearly oblong spot in centre of wing cream 
white; behind this is also a small white spot; fringes of both wings as m the 
upper side. Expanse of wings 0.75." 

Habitat.— California (Sierra Nevada). 

Pvrrhia stilla, Grt., N. A. Ent. 188(».-Bright orange red, allied to angu- 

lata rather than exprimen* ; base of primaries bright smooth orange without mark- 
ings • median shade triangular, contrasting deep brown forming a mesial band 
acutely angulated, even diffuse exteriorly: stigmata obsolete; exterior line as in 
;:;;! obsolete on the inside; subterminal subobsolete : fringes w,ha b ^ 
reddish tint; hind wings light yellow with blackish lunule blackish at base with 
abroad vague blackish band tinged with reddish outwardly: beneath yellow; 



252 J. B. SMITH. 

fringes on primaries red ; a red exterior band touched with blackish inferiorly : a 
discal lunule : secondaries with a diffuse red exterior band, a faint discal mark 
before which the costa is touched with red. Expands 36 millim. 
Habitat. — Western States. 

Scliiilia Glllnare, Strk.. Proe. Dav. Ac. Nat. Sci. 2, 274, PI. IX, fig. 1.— 
Expands 13 inches. —Head olivaceons; body brilliant pale metallic, olivaceous or 

greenish gray; beneath greenish and not so brilliant; upper surface : primaries shin- 
ing silvery grey or olivaceous, somewhat of the tint of Pluaia modesta, Hb., but very 
highly lustrous; three silvery lines cross the wings; the first or subbasal is straight 
until almost to costa, whence it turns inwardly toward the base at an acute angle; 
the second starts a little beyond the middle of the inner margin, whence it ex- 
pands into a curve towards but not to the apex; not far from the costa it is bent 
abruptly backwards, forming an acute angle; half way between the last described 
line and the outer margin and curved in nearly the same manner, and with the 
tooth or point formed by the bend near costa, touching the exterior margin a little 
below the apex is the last or third line; between this line and the outer margin, 
and resting on the last, is an oblong, pointed at both ends patch of deep gold; 
another golden smaller mark is nearly at the apex ; secondaries much the same 
color as the primaries near and at the exterior margin, but paler at the base; all 
the fringes olive green; under surface somewhat same color as above and nearly 
as brilliant, but devoid of the three transverse lines, and also of the golden patch 
on the primaries; all are pale at the edge of costa, and two short pale lines are on 
the costa at exterior third of wings; apex with a golden reflection; secondaries 
with obscure discal dots, and marginal and submarginal bands or lines. 

One specimen, Illinois, French. I have some doubts of the correct- 
ness of the generic reference of this species. The figure does not look 
like a Schfnia, but I have unfortunately not seen the insect itself. 

Scltinia scissa, Grt., Proe. Bost. Soc. Nat. Sci. 187fi, p. 415 (Lijgrunttioecia) ; 
New Check List (Anthoecia). 

To the kindness of Mr. Thaxter I owe a specimen of this species. It 
belongs with Meskeana and is closely allied to it ; the anterior tibia have 
two inner and three outer claws as in PI. VII, fig. 36 ; the primaries 
are of a rich dark brown with a yellowish blotch from the middle to 
outer § of wing, indicating the median pale space; usual lines obsolete; 
reniform large and black ; secondaries yellow in the centre, with a com- 
plete black margin and a large black discal spot ; anal segment and cloth- 
ing yellow ; beneath primaries black at base, yellow in the middle and 
brown at outer margin, apex more reddish ; secondaries as above, except 
that the costal margin is roseate. The species has the superficial appear- 
ance of Melicleptriq, the retracted small head of Pseudotamila, and the 
vestiture of the genus in which I place it. Expands f inch. 
Habitat. — Florida. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



253 



List of Genera and Species. 



SYMPISTES, Hb. 
proprius (Hy. Edw.). 

PSEUDANTHOECIA, m. 

tumida (Grt.). 

DASYSPOUDAEA, m. 
lucens {Morr.). 

luxuriosa ( Grt.). 
Meadii (OH.). 

TRIOCNEMIS, Grt. 
saporis, Grt. 

AEDOPHRON, Led. 
pallens, Tepper. 

* (?) Snowi, Grt. 

PIPPONA, Harv. 
bimatris, Harv. 

ANTAPLAGA, Grt. 
dimidiata, Grt. 
sexseriata (Grt.). 

GROTELLA, Harv. 
septempunctata, Harv. 

* BESSULA, Grt. 
*luxa, Grt. 

* EPINYCTES, Grt. 

* notatella, Grt. 

HELIOTHIS, Hb. 
rhexia (Sm. Abb.). 

spectanda, Strk. 
paradoxus (Grt.). 
armiger, Hb. 

umbrosus, Grt. 
dipsaoeus, Linn. 

phlogophagua, G. & H. 

interjacent. Grt. • 

var. maritima, Graslin. 

luteitmctus, Grt. 
soutosus, Fabr. 

nuchalis, Grt. 

* siren, Strk. 

* nubila, Strk. 
■ : lanul, Strk. 

* gloriosa, Strk. 



*CHLORIDEA, West. 

* subflexa, Guen. 

CHARICLEA, Kirby. 
umbra, Hufn. 

expritnens ( Wlk.). 

var. angulata ( Grt.). 
*stilla (Grt.). 

ALARIA, West. 
florida ( Guen.). 
gaurae (Sm. Abb.). 

matutina, Hb. 
citronellus ( Grt.). 
volupia, Fitch. 

volupia, Grt. 

*RHODODIPSA, Grt. 

* miniana, Grt. 

SCHINIA, Hb. 
ohrysellus ( Grt.). 
Hulstia, Tepper. 
aleucis (Harv.). 
cumatilis (Grt.). 

sulmula, (Strk.). 
trifascia, Hb. 

* reotifascia, Grt. 
graoilenta, Hb. 

oleagina, Morr. 
imperspicua (Strk.). 
bifasoia, Hb. 

* Gulnare, Strk. 
Velaris ( Grt). 
obliqua, m. 
nundina (Dm.). 
separata ( Grt). 

balba (Grt). 

acutilinea ( Grt.). 

Walsinghami (Hy. Edw.). 
\ lynx (Guen.). 
tertia ( Grt). 
albafascia, m. 
regia (Strk.). 
sanguinea ( Geyer). 
cupes ( Grt.). 
Jaguar ina (Guen.). 



* Unknown to me. 



(64) 



254 



J. B. SMITH. 



Spraguei ( Qrt.). 
arcifera ( Ouen.). 

arcigera ( Guen.). 
saturata ( Grt.).- 

rubiginosa (Strk.). 
spinosae ( Guen.). 

hirtella (G.& R.). 
lupatus, Grt. 
Packardia (Grt.). 
Thoreaui (G. d- R.\. 
mortua ( Qrt.). 
nobilis (Grt.). 
rivulosa ( Guen.). 

marginatu.1 (Haw.). 

contracta ( Wlk.). 

divcrgens ( Wlk.). 

designata ( Wlk.). 
constricta (Hy. Edw.). 
brevis ( Grt.). 

var. atrites i Grt.). 
errans, m. 

nobilis,% Grt. 
inclara (Strk.). 
Meskeana ( Grt.). 

fastidiosa (Strk.). 

rufimedia ( Grt.). 
scissa ( Grt.). 
ultima (Strk.). 
*parmeliana (Hy. Edw.). 

* coercita ( Grt.). 

* roseitincta (Harv.). 

* tuberculum (Hb.). 
*limbalis (Grt.). 

MELAPORPHYRIA, 
immortua, Grt. 
prorupta (Grt.). 

venusta (Hy. Edw.). 
belladonna (Hy. Edw.). 
ononis, Fabr. 

oregona (Hy. Edw.). 

DERRIMA, Wlk. 
Henrietta, Grt. 



Grt. 



*stellata, Wlk. 

PSEUDATAMILA, M. 
vanella ( Grt.). 
perminuta (Hy. Edw.). 

* HELIOSEA, Grt. 

* pictipennis, Grt. 

HELIOPHANA, Grt. 
mitis, Grt. 
bina ( Guen.). 

XANTHOTHRIX, Hy. Edw. 
ranunculi, Hy. Edw. 
Neumoegeni, Hy. Edw. 

HELIOLONCHE, Grt. 
modicella, Grt. 

AXENUS, Grt. 
arvalis, Grt. 
var. * amplus, Hy. Edw. 
var. * ochraceus, Hy. Edw. 

MELICLEPTRIA, Hb. 
oeleris, Grt. 
pulchripennis ( Grt.). 

languida, Hy. Edw. 
Graefiana, Tepper. 
villosa, Grt. 

■pauxilla, Grt. 

persimills, Grt. 
honesta, Grt. 
sueta, Grt. 

calif orniensis, Grt. 

* vacciniae, Hy. Edw. 
*Hoyi, Grt. 

HELIACA, H. Sch. 
diminutivus (Grt.). 
fasciata (Hy.-Edw.). 
dubitans, Tepper. 
nexilis (Morr.). 

elaborata (Hy. Edw.). 

PSEUDACONTIA, M. 
crustaria (Morr.). 



* Unknown to me. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



255 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE VII. 



1. Dasysj. 


oudaea iucens, anterior tibia. 


26. 


Schinia arcifera, anterior tibia. 


la. 


" " tarsal claw. 


27. 


" saturata, " ' 




2. 
2a. 


" Meadii, anterior tibia. 
' " tarsal claw. 


28. 
29. 


" spinosae, '• ' 
" Packardii, " 




3. Triocnemis saporifi, anterior tibia. 

4. Aedophron phlebophora " " 

5. Pippona bimatris, " 


30. 
31. 
32. 


" Thoreaui, " ' 

rivu/osa, " ' 
" constricta, " 




6. Heliothis rhexia, 


33. 


" brevis, " ' 




6a. " 
7. Alaria 


" tarsal claw. 
florida, anterior tibia. 


34. 


( nobilis, " 

\ Meskeana, " ' 




8. " 


gaurae, " " 


35. 


'• inclara, " ' 




9. " 


citronell us " " 


36. 


ultima, "' ' 




10. Schinia chrysellus, anterior tibia. 


37. 


Derrima Henrietta, " 


11. " 

12. 
13. 


cumatilis, " " 
trifascia, " " 
gracilenta, " " 


38. 
39. 
40. 


Melaporhyria immortua, anter. tibia. 

" prorupta, " 
Pseudotamila vanella, " 


13a. " 


" tarsal claw. 


41. 


" perminuta, " 


14. " 


velaris, anterior tibia. 


42. 


Heliophana mitis, " 


15. " 


obliqua, " " 


43. 


Heliolonche modicella, " 


16. " 


nundina, " 


44. 


Melicliptria cardui, " 


17. 
18. 


separata, " " 
lynx, " " 


45. 
46. 


" suetus, " 
Pseudacontia crust aria, " 


19. 


tertia, " " 


47. 


Neuration of Heliothis. 


19a. " 
20. 
21. 
22. 

23. " 

24. " 
25. 


" tarsal claw. 
albafascia, anterior tibia. 
regia, " " 
sanguinea, " " 
cupes, " " 
Jaguarina, " " 
Spragueia, " " 


48. 
49. 
50. 

51. 

52. 


Palpus of Heliothis. 
Clypeal projection of Axenus. 
" " " Pippona. 

tt l( f Xanthothrix 
I Neumoegeni. 
" " " Aedophron. 



256 



J. B. SMITH. 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE VIII. 



1. 


Sympi 


ites proprius. 


34. 


Schinia cupes. 


2. 


Pseudanthoecia tumida. 


35. 


" Jaguarina. 


3. 


Dasyspoudaea Meadii. 


36. 


" Spragueia. 


4. 




' lucens. 


37. 


" arcifera. 


5. 


Triocnemis saporis. 


38. 


" spinosae. 


6. 


Antaplaga dimidiata. 


39. 


" saturata. 


7. 


" 


sexseriata. 


40. 


" Thoreaui. 


8. 


Grotella septempunctata. 


41. 


" rivulosa. 


9. 


Heliothis rhexia. 


42. 


" constricta. 


10. 


a 


armiger. 


43. 


" brevis. 


11. 


" 


paradoxus. 


44. 


" nobilis. 


12. 


(< 


dipsaceous. 


45. 


" inclara. 


13. 


M 


scutosus. 


46. 


" Meskeana. 


14. 


Chariclea umbra. 


47. 


" ultima. 


15. 


" 


var. anqulata. 


48. 


Derrivxa Henrietta. 


16. 


Alaria florida. 


49. 


Melaporphyria immortua. 


17. 


u 


gaurae. 


50. 


" prorupta. 


18. 


Schinia chrysellus. 


51. 


" ononis. 


10. 


" 


Hulstia. 


52. 


" belladonna. 


20. 


tt 


aleucis. 


53. 


Pseudatamila vanella. 


21. 


" 


cumatilia. 


54. 


" perminuta. 


22. 


u 


Irifascia. 


55. 


Heliolonche modicella. 


23. 


u 


gracilenta. 


56. 


Melicliptria ceteris. 


24. 


u 


velaris. 


57. 


" pulchripennis 


25. 


<< 


obliqua. 


58. 


" persimilis. 


26. 


it 


bifascia. 


59. 


" Grae/iana. 


27. 


a 


nundina. 


60. 


" honesta. 


28. 


.< 


separata. 


61. 


" sueta. 


29. 


a 


lynx. 


62. 


Heliaca diminutiva. 


so. 


" 


iertia. 


63. 


" fasciata. 


31. 


u 


albafascia. 


64. 


" dubitans. 


32. 


i< 


regia. 


65. 


" nexilis. 


:;:: 


t« 


sanguinea . 


66. 


Pseudacontia crustaria. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 257 



Remarks Upon the North American II I I.IO III I \ XI and 
Their Recent Literature. 

BY A. R. GROTE. 



PREFACE. 

I was engaged in a study of the Ga/pinae (m.), Stiriinae (m.), 
Plusiinae (m.), and HeUothinae (m.), contained in Mr. Neuraogen's 
collection, my MMS. being in part in printer's hands, when a paper 
appeared on the HeUothinae by Mr. John B. Smith, based partly on 
specimens from Mr. Neumoegen's collection. It anticipated to some ex- 
tent the changes I had found necessary since the publication of my new 
Check List. He/. Lucens, which I stated in my List was not a Helwthis, 
I had associated with Meadii. I found that I had not understood 
Guenetj's genus Tam'tla and that its type was a Lygranthoecia. In fact 
until now I had not examined it, or even possessed a specimen of nundina. 
I found that the character of mixed scales and hair was shared by other 
genera and that my Tamilae belonged to different genera. So far my 
own discoveries went. Mr. Smith now farther interestingly shows us 
that we have the European genera iSi/mpistis and Heliaca in our fauna, 
and that the Oregona of our collections is the same as the European 
Ononis. Omitting Anarta and Lepipo/ys, he rejects only four species 
from the group as denned in the new Check List and adds two, placed 
by me in the succeeding subfamily. 

The principal mistake which Mr. Smith makes is the assumption that 
my Lists are monographic, and that I have reviewed all the genera and 
species therein enumerated. A table of a part of the HeUothinae was pub- 
lished by me in 1874; except that, I had gone no farther than describ- 
ing the species as they came up from time to time. Twenty-five years 
ago, when I commenced to study, we had less than a dozen named spe- 
cies of Noctuidae in American collections, now we have about fifteen 
hundred. The most of them I have described. After my visit, in 1868, 
to Europe, I originally applied the natural characters used in German 
works by Lederer and others, translating the terms. I believe I am the 
first to call the corneous plate at the base of the clypeus, the " infra- 
clypeal plate;" I translated Lederer's term "Wimpern" by " lashes." 

TKANS. AMUR. KNT. SOC. X. (f>5) MAY, 1883. 



258 a. a. (iiuiTK. 

Recently Mr. Smith criticised in Can. Entomologist my diagnosis of a 
Deltoid genus by saying I did not state whether the eyes were naked or 
not. I replied that all Deltoid genera had naked eyes. Mr. Smith then 
answered that my statement gave a wrong impression, because some gen- 
era had them lashed ! He, therefore, did not then know that the term 
" naked" applied to the surface of the compound eye itself and that the 
lashes were the fringe around the orbit, that eyes could be naked and 
lashed (Homohadena), or hairy and unlashed! 

I have given the full terminology of the characters of the Noctuidoe in 
my writings. Mr. Smith uses precisely these characters. It should have 
struck him that our results would, under these circumstances, nearly coin- 
cide. And that I could not have examined the material where these char- 
acters were at variance with the classification adopted. In fact, while my 
Lists are the result of my studies, I have expressly stated that I brought 
our fauna into a general correspondence with the European and that in 
details much work remained to be done. In the following paper I have 
discussed some of Mr. Smith's criticisms. In the Kepublic of Science 
every one is bound to state facts and it is his duty to do so. But, as in 
any other social republic, the laws of conduct should be respected. It is 
nowhere necessary to be unfair and prejudiced. I can show that Mr. 
Smith has transgressed in this way in his paper. He has been unfair in 
concealing that his synonymy is taken from me, that his generic types are 
those laid down by me in my List of 1874. He does not credit me with 
the separation of Mtlicleptria with cardui as type, nor does this matter 
that he takes out one or two species. Above all he ignores the fact that 
I have gradually established certain genera and species and had no oppor- 
tunity of comparing all the European genera. In a difficult group where 
many types were uniques and left my hands after description, it was to 
be expected that changes would be made when all were compared. Many 
intermediate forms came up from time to time and necessitated changes. 
So bent is Mr. Smith to cavil, that he brings up the fact that in estab- 
lishing the genus Heliohmche ten years ago, I first called the tibiae non- 
spinose, and that I properly corrected it immediately afterwards by find- 
ing them armed. Why such a fact should be repeated I am at a loss to 
know. Mr. Smith is unjust when he says my course with volupia is 
" scarcely honest." The facts are these : I identified Dr. Fitch's volupia 
hesitatingly. Dr. Fitch's description contradicts my insect in color of 
hind wings and details of markings. I could not be sure of my deter- 
mination ; in fact, I am astonished now to hear that I was right and that 
my insect corresponds with Dr. Fitch's type. After twice describing and 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTEUA. 259 



once figuring it, associating Dr. Fitch's name with the species and giv- 
ing my doubts, I finally became convinced that, as more pink Eehothuls 
turned up in the West, I might be wrong and, to avoid a new name, pro- 
posed in the Brooklyn Bulletin that, if I was wrong, the insect should 
still be called oolupia, Gr. I catalogued it thus until the fact could be 
substantiated (as it now is) and Mr. Smith accuses me of dishonesty. 
And by figuring and redescribiug it, it is I, after all, who have made 
volupia known.^ I described nobilu from specimens brought by Mr. 
Ridings from Colorado about seventeen years ago ; I figured it and since 
then never identified it in any paper, nor to the best of my recollection 
ever saw or determined it again. On the strength of somebody's speci- 
mens from Texas named "nobilis," which turn out to be different, Mr. 
Smith quotes nobilis, Gr., as a synonym, and gives the unfounded im- 
pression that I had mixed up two species as "nooUis," of which I am 
completely innocent. His citation could only, be warranted had I in 
print described a wrong insect as -nobilu, Gr." Out of about 100 
species of Heliothmae, I have described about fifty, four of which Mr. 
Smith rejects as color varieties, but quotes them as synonyms. 

Mr. Smith says he supposes he will have to wait till "accident turns 
up" my H. pictipennis, which I have given a beautiful and exact fig- 
ure of, as well as a complete description. He passes over a number of 
much more doubtful species without a word to contradict my statement 
that my Limbalis, which he does not know, is not allied to Margmata, 
but to Arci/era, by saying that it must be near Mr. Edwards' Constncta. 



REMARKS. 

Taking Mr. Smith's paper on the Heliothinae only from its scientific 
side and°treating it as an advance in our knowledge of the North Ameri- 
can species, which I am perfectly willing to do, the following remarks 
may be of assistance : Of my own species not known to Mr. Smith, 
Stilla is undoubtedly a valid and most beautiful species, congeneric with 
Angulata, and Professor Snow has the type. I wish that Mr. Smith 
would follow Dr. Speyer and take PyrrMa for this genus. Chancka is 
not a pure assemblage as defined by Lederer ; its type is Delphinn and 
as my Per nana is not congeneric, we have yet no North American 
Chariclea. I have referred Cirrhnphanus to the Stiriinae, perhaps a 



260 A. R. GBOTE. 

sub-group of Plusilnae. Rectlfascia is congeneric with Gulnare, but 
a smaller species ; I have only one example, but both go out of the pres- 
ent group. 

Coercita is a very pale species allied to Separata. I noted a differ- 
ence in the tibial armature, which made me describe it as distinct. Lim- 
balis is a beautiful little species, much smaller and not resembling 
Constricta, except superficially, and very near to arci/era, whereas Con- 
stricta is colored like Rivufosa. Hoyi falls away to Leucobrephos ; 
my type, as explained, was defective. Snowi is so like the figures of 
Rhoditex in the shape of wing and thickness of body, and agrees, except 
in one point, as noted by me, with Lederer's diagnosis, that I cannot be- 
lieve it to be an A/aria; Pat/ens also does not quite agree. It is fig- 
ured and perhaps Prof. Snow has an example. The £ type of Bessula 
(rubbed) is in Prof. Snow's collection. I differ as to the citation of 
varieties Luxuriosa and Californiensis as synonyms. They are both 
free from the white shading which is spread over the primaries on typi- 
cal forms and have quite a distinct look. As they are geographical in 
distribution it is nonsense to overlook them. Luxurioaa has the lines 
also very fine and it looks very much like a different species at first sight. 
The same may, perhaps, be said of the varieties of Separata. The syn- 
onomy of the species of Heliothis I suggested myself (in fact, except 
the varieties of Separata and Persimilis, the synonymy has all been 
first stated by myself). The varieties of Arvalis are less marked than 
Californiensis and luxuriosa; they are mere accidental variations (ochra- 
ceus) in color, or obliterations {ampins) of the paler lines and shades. 
As to M. Persimilis I figured it because it differed from all my Paux- 
illa, and I am unwilling to draw it in without more evidence than Mr. 
Smith gives. 

So far as the forty-six species of mine are concerned Mr. Smith knows 
all but ten. Of these, Hoyi and Rectifascia being ruled out, there exist 
good colored figures of Pictipennis, Mini ana and Snowi, which can 
leave no doubt as to the species being valid and belonging here. Of the 
remaining five there is no doubt in my mind that Limbalis, Stilla, 
Ltixa, are good species correctly placed. With the now proved vari- 
ability of Separata, I commence to have a doubt as to Coercita being 
distinct ; specimens from the locality will decide. Finally, the tenth, 
Notatella is Mr. Hulst's Magdalena . I regarded it, notwithstanding its 
Cucullia-shaped wings, as a Hellothld, but I only had one unset example 
and have none to compare again. As it is known, it is a matter of little 
immediate consequence, my de^re being to have my species understood. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 2G1 

Dr. Speyer at some length records the difference between my Angu- 
lata and Umbra and regards them as different. Why, if our Experi- 
mens is Umbra, is it that this variety does not occur in Europe? I do 
not understand the grounds upon which Mr. Smith calls Angulata a 
variety of Umbra, and they are not stated satisfactorily. I had also two 
or three Rufimedia and they looked very different from my Texan Mes- 
keana. I do not feel certain that they are the same, but if any error 
has happened it can be easily detected ; certainly Mr. Smith should know 
with Mr. Hulst's type specimen before him and I am willing to accept 
the fact. I compared Mr. Hulst's species with Meskeana and thought 
it different. Specimens (types) of both are in B. M. coll. So far as 
the species go, the above will explain my divergencies from Mr. Smith's 
views which are slight or rather, since he adopts the most, the debate- 
able points* between us may be said to be few. Following Staudinger, I 
have only adopted as named varieties forms equivalent to what he calls 
varieties in the European fauna. Where the name only expresses a slight 
change and one of the usual form of the species, I put it as a synonym 
in italics. With regard to the genera Mr. Smith does not include my 
Oxycnemis advena or Rhodosea Julia, which are valid genera in my 
opinion. I think, when Mr. Smith knows them, he will share my views; 
he probably did not know of their publication. 

RHODOSEA, Gr. 

Eyes full, naked, unlashed ; anterior tibiae shortened, with a longer 
inner and shorter outer terminal claw, else not spinose ; front very bulg- 
ing; infra-clypeal plate pronounced, exceeded by the third joint of the 
palpi ; tibiae unarmed, and this character separates the moth from Alaria. 
The wings are elongate, shaped as in Hdioplula somewhat, but apices 
bluut and rather narrow ; vestiture hairy ; antennae simple. The moth 
is our most beautiful Heliothid. The wings are entirely of a dead pink, 
like that of Florida, with a longitudinal yellow discal dash, and marked 
at base with yellow and with yellow fringe and edges to the primaries ; 
hind wings pale, with faint dusky border ; head and legs and thorax in 
front flushed with pink ; thorax behind yellow ; beneath the primaries 
are clouded centrally with fuscous, with the discal streak repeated ; costal 
region and apices rosy. Expands 36 millim. 

1. Julia, Gr. — New Mexico. 

i -ichm M -.nts. Gr. 

The essential characters of this genus are the form of tibial armature 
and the posterior thoracic tuft. The genus is first discarded, then adopted 
by Mr. Smith, with the observation that my description (which he copies 

(66) 



202 A. R. GROTK. 

in part) is superficial. I give the principal characters and those added 
by Mr. Smith are the superficial ones. Axenus is also called a bad genus 
by Mr. Smith, and now appears as good and even belonging to a differ- 
ent subfamily. Mr. Smith is vacillatory and hard to please. 

LYGRAXTHOECIA, G. & R. 

Type : Crambus marginatus, Haw. 

In the Buffalo Bulletin, 1874, in my partial list of genera of this 
group, I gave the extension of this genus which I used in my Check 
List (1875). It is only enlarged now by Mr. Smith by adding to it the 
single species of Tamila and Oria, and others from different genera 
which do not change my conception of it in 1874 and subsequently. It 
replaces Anthoeria, which has a different type. I cannot understand 
what induced Mr. Smith to call it Schinia. lam the only author to 
use Schinia, and I took it for the three species so called by Hubner, who 
does not give any characters, and the adoption of his term at my ex- 
pense shows that Mr. Smith abandons his acknowledged principles. I am 
the first to describe the fore tibiae of the type, and my only error, if it 
is one, is that I believed that modifications of tibial armature would give 
generic characters, and so I retained and described as distinct Tricopis 
for the satiny white forms, and retained Eulewyptera for cumatilix, de- 
scribing the anterior tibial armature. This genus might be called Tamila, 
because its type is shown by Mr. Smith to belong here. But that term 
rests only on one species and Gruenee does not note its relation to his 
Anthoecia. The first mistake is really made in the "Species General." 
Although I made many changes with Guenee's Hadenas, Mamestras and 
Agrotids, rearranging the species by their natural characters, I drew in 
but few genera and almost everywhere I allowed the genera to stand. I 
did this partly because I was under the impression that ultimately more 
genera would be recognized, and it was important to keep the synonymi- 
cal meaning of the old terms from being lost ; secondly, because my work 
had not yet got to the stage where I had the species all described and 
was ready to monograph the family. It is absurd of Mr. Smith to 
assume now, in monographing a small group of about 100 species, of 
which I have discovered about one half, that I should have exhausted 
inquiry which covers all the species described by other writers. It is 
assumed by him that my list is a minute study, such as I have made of 
the small forms related to Erotyla, and I am made responsble for the 
genera of my predecessors. But I had done enough, as far as I pre- 
tended to go, when I brought the genera approximately into their proper 
sequence, and had sifted the species so that the inconsistencies of former 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 263 

workers on our Noctuids were to some extent avoided and rectified. My 
Hadenas have naked eyes, my Mamestras hairy ones, my Agrotids spin- 
ose tibiae. I have recognized the presence of important genera such as 
Oncornemis in our fauna, without the European species at hand which 
Mr. Smith now has in such profusion. Undoubtedly the work is now 
easier with all the determinations made. My school friends Mr. Graef 
and Mr. Tepper have gradually acquired most all the European species, 
and such a person as Mr. Smith can easily arise and go through the labor 
of examining their rich collections and getting our fauna in details into 
correspondence with the European. But with only a book before me 
and a specimen of the first North American Oncocnemis, it was not so 
easy to write with a feeling of certainty. To return to this genus, as it 
cannot be called Anthoecia (which is a different genus), it ought in jus- 
tice to be called by the name I retained for the larger number of its 
species and which, moreover, is better sounding. I shall continue, there- 
fore, to use the term Lygr anthoecia, and simply refer the species of 
Schinia. as congeneric with L. marginata. The use of Thalpochanes 
rests on similar grounds. 

DISOCNEMIS, Gr. 

In my notes on Mr. Neumogen's collection I made Mr. Henry Ed- 
wards' species Belladonna, the handsomest of the group, the type of 
this new genus, leaving Oregona, unrecognized by me as the same as 
the European Ononis, in Melicleptria. In describing Melaporphyria I 
noted the narrowed eyes, shared by this genus, but the present differs 
by the tibiae having two instead of three claws as stated by Mr. Smith. 
The two species are also alike in form of wing and aberrant from lm- 
mortua in this respect. The naked eyes are narrowed or ovate. The 
infra-clypeal plate is more marked in both species than in Melaporphyria. 
The head is less prominent. Palpi heavily fringed, rather short, and the 
vestiture is longer and more hairy than in my genus Melaporphria, with 
which the present generally agrees, as shown by Mr. Smith. The type 
is Melicleptria Belladonna , Hy. Edw. 

TRICOPIS, Gr. 

Mr. Smith uses characters given in my table in the Bull. Buf. Soc. 
as sectional. The produced infra-clypeal (as this term is used by 
me) plate and the peculiarity of tibial armature are held by me to be 
of generic importance. Aleucis, of Harvey, is said not to have the 
plate prominent and is, perhaps, a Lygranthoecia. When we have two 
characters in combination it is enough to give sanction to the genus which 



204 A. K. GROTE. 

differs also (except from aleucis) in ornamentation. In his work no new 
characters are used by Mr. Smith different from those employed by me, 
if I except the tarsal structure of Meadii, which escaped me. He has 
apparently very thoroughly carried them out over all described species, 
and corrected my error that Tamil a was to be distinguished by its vesti- 
ture. 

II I I IO I II IS. Hubn. 

I suggested the identity of our species with the European, which Mr. 
Smith adopts and is, no doubt, right in this. My type (figured by 
Glover) of Umbroaus is the greenish, light colored, and not ochrey and 
mixed form. I have seen no European specimens like this, and it seems 
a well marked variety. I took several specimens in the cotton fields 
about Atlanta, flying in the daytime. None of my Luteitinctus corres- 
pond with the figure of Maritima, except in so far that the secondaries 
are yellow, but they are brighter and differently marked in the American 
examples I have examined. It seems to me a variation in the same 
direction, but not exactly equivalent. 

Notwithstanding that two species are taken out and another added, it 
is evident that the genus is used in the sense which I intended by Mr. 
Smith. The same is perfectly true of Melirleptria as proposed by me 
with its type. Mr. Henry Edwards is the first to doubt the validity of 
my genus Adonisea, which I unwillingly merge into Melideptvia. 

I had hoped that Mr. Smith would have known Mr. Strecker's spe- 
cies, but he knows fewer than I do and adopts all the synonyms of that 
author which I had detected. In so far Mr. Smith's paper is prema- 
ture. 

As I have shown, the Stiriinae are characterized by a short, subquad- 
rate thorax, the patagiae often relieved or deflected, usually untufted, 
the abdomen closely scaled, weak, tapering suddenly to anus. The palpi 
are distinguished by being weak, of unequal length, the third joint not 
long or distinct and pointed as in the Plusiinae. In the usually clawed 
fore tibiae they approach the Heliothinae, in the shape of wing they are 
in a measure intermediate between the Calpinae and Plusiinae. I have 
not found any characters which divide the group I call Eustrotiinae, 
composed of genera clustering about Tarache and Eustrotia. I cannot 
call this latter genus Erastia, because this latter term is used first by 
Hiibner for a genus of Geometridae. The Stiriinae frequent flowers, 
and the extruded ovipositor of some genera makes it probable that some 
inhabit stems or fruit in the larval state. The metallic wings ally them 
to Plusia. None of my subfamily groups have exclusive characters. I 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 205 

agree with Lederer except that I consider the Bombyciae and BrepJpidae 
as Nbctuidae, and am adverse to giving an independent family rank to 
these small assemblages of genera. I also believe that genera may be 
founded on comparative characters, and that we should not associate 
very different-looking insects because technically they agree in certain 
natural characters. If we can find a modification of these, this will 
support a genus which otherwise we might not erect. Still I have always 
relied on natural characters and nowhere have I considered that pattern, 
color or size are sufficient. Admitting that secondary sexual characters 
must be used in some lower groups to erect our genera upon, I cannot 
make an exception with Heliochilus, as I have elsewhere fully ex- 
plained. 

The four species which have become homeless through Mr. Smith's 
paper and must be transferred to other subfamily groups, I would arrange 
as follows : 

XANTHODKS, Guen. 

Buxea, Or. — Texas. 

TRILEUCA, Gr. 

Eyes full, naked, unlashed ; vestiture scaly ; body untufted ; tibiae 
unarmed •, wings full ; primaries unusually broad for this group ; apices 
pointed, external margin straight. The colors are faded brownish ochrey, 
silky, shining; fore wings crossed by three pale, narrow upright lines, 
the outer angulate on costal region. The species are : 

Tripascia, Gr. — Southern States. 

Gulnare, Streck. — Illinois. 

CHAN4ECLEA, Gr. 

Front with a tubercle ; tibiae apparently unarmed ; body untufted ; 
wings like Stir in. The genus is not unrelated to Grotella, and in 
colors oddly resembles the European C. Delphinii. I have figured it in 
my Illustrated Essay. 

Pernana, Gr. — Arizona. 

Note. — In my revision of the Stiriinae, etc. (Can. Ent.), I record 
this genus and its characters at length. 



TRANS. AMER. ENT. SOC. X. (67) MAY, 1883. 



260 



A. K. OROTK. 



LIST. 
Heliothinae, ru. 



LEPIPOLYS, Guen. 

1. perscripta, Guen. 

ANARTA, Ochs. 

2. myrtilli, Linn. 

ucadiensis, Beth. 

3. cordigera, Thunb. 

luteola, G. & R. 

4. melaleuca, Thunb. 

bicycla, Pack. 

5. melanopa, Thunb. 

nigrolunata. Pack. 
i). quadrilunata, Gr. 

7. subfuscula, Gr. 

8. submarina, Gr. 

9. schoenherri, Zett. 

leucocycla, Stand. 

10. Richardsoni, Curt. 

ulgida, Lef. 

11. promulsa, Morr. 

12. nivaria, Gr. 

Mam. curia, Morr. 
Orth. perpura, Morr. 
I", membranacea, Morr. — 

14. lapponica, Thunb. 

amissa, Lef. 

15. Zetterstedtii, Stand. 

16. Kelloggii, Hy. Edw. 

SYMPISTIS, Hubn.* 

1 7. proprius, Hy. Edw. 

MELICLEPTRIA, Hubu. (Gr.). 

18. celeris, Gr. 

19. pulchripennis, Grt. 

var. languida, Hy. Edw. 

20. Graefiana, Tepper. 

21. villosa, Gr. 

pauxilla, Gr. 

22. persimilis, Gr. 

23. honesta, Gr. 

24. sueta, Gr. 

var. CalJforniensis, Gr. 

25. vacciniae, Hy. Edw. 



HELIOLONCHE, Gr. 

26. modicella, Gr. 

HELIOSEA, Gr. 

27. pictipennis, Gr. 

HELIACA, H.-S. 

28. diminutiva, Gr. 

29. fasciata, Hy. Edw. 

30. dubitans, Tepper. 

31. nexilis, Morr. 

elaborata, Hy. Edw. 

MELAPORPHYRIA, Gr. 

32. immortua, Gr. 

DISOCNEMIS, Gr. 

33. prorupta, G?-. 

venusta, Hy. Edw. 

34. belladonna, Hy. Edw. 

35. ononis, Fabr. 

oregona, Hy. Edw. 
PSEUDATAMILA, Smith. 

36. perminuta, Hy. Edw. 

u 

37. vanella, Gr. 

HELIOPHANA, Gr. 

38. mitis, Gr. 

XANTHOTHRIX, Hy. Edw. 

39. ranunculi, Hy. Edw. 

EUEDWARDSIA, Gr. 

40. Neumoegeni, Hy. Edw. 

HELIOCHILUS, Gr. 

41. paradoxus, Gr. 

HELIOTHIS, Hubn. 

42. armiger, Hubn. 

var. umbrosus, Gr. 

43. dipsaceus, Linn. 

phlogophagus, G. & R. 

inter jacens. Gr. 

var. luteitinctus, Gr. 

44. soutosus, Fabr. 

nuchalis, Gr. 

45. rhexia, A . & S. 

spectanda, Streck. 



* Not Sympistes, Smith. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



267 



16. 


subflexa, Guen. — 




LYGRANTHOECIA, G. & E. 




PYRRHIA, Hiibn. 


70. 


cumatilis, Gr. 


47. 


umbra, Hufn. 




sulmala, Streck. 




exprimens, Walk. 


71. 


trifascia, Hiibn. 


47i 


. angulata, Gr. 


71i 


. bifascia, Hiibn. 


48. 


stilla, Gr. 


72. 


gracilenta, Hiibn. 




DASYSPOUDAEA, Smith. 




oleagina, Morr. 
imperspicua, Streck. 


49. 


lucens, Morr. 


73. 


velaris, Gr. 


50. 


var. luxuriosa, Gr. 
Meadii, Gr. 


74. 

75. 


obliqua, Smith. — 
nundina, Dm. 




PSEUDANTHOECIA, Smith. 


76. 


separata, Gr. 


51. 


tumida, Gr. 




var. balba, Gr. 




OXYCNEMIS, Gr. 




var. acutilinea, Gr. 


52. 


advena, Gr. 




var. ? Walsinghamii, Hy. Edw. 




TRIOCNEMIS, Gr. 


764 


. coercita, Gr. 


53. 


saporis, Gr. 


77. 


roseitincta, Harv. 




AEDOPHRON, Led. 


78. 


lynx, Guen. 


54. 
55. 


pallens, Tepper. — 
Snowi, Gr, 


79. 
80. 


siren, Streck. 
tertia, Gr. 






81. 


albafascia, Smith. — 




ALARIA, West. 


82. 


regia, Streck.* 


56. 


gaurae, A. & S. 


83. 


sanguinea, Geyer 




RHODODIPSA, Gr. 


84. 


cupes, Gr. 


57. 


volupia, Fitch. 




crotchii, Hy. Edw. 


58. 


miniana, Gr. 


85. 


lupatus, Gr. 




RHODOPHORA, Guen. 


86. 


jaguarina, Guen. 


59. 


florida, Guen. 


87. 


Packardii, Gr. 




RHODOSEA, Gr. 


88. 


mortua, Grt. (Colorado). 


60. 


Julia, Gr. 


89. 


nubila, Streck. (Tex.) 




NYCTEROPHAETA, Smith. 


90. 


nobilis, Gr. (Colorado). 






91. 


errans, Smith. — 


61. 


Magdalena, Hutet. (Febr.) 


92. 


arcifera, Guen. 




Epinyctis notatella, Gr. (April.) 




var. Spraguei, Gr. 




PIPPONA, Harv. 


93. 


limbalis, Gr. 


62. 


bimatris, Harv. 


94. 


brevis, Gr. 




GROTELLA, Harv. 




var. atrites, Gr. 


63. 


septempunctata, Harv. 


95. 


inclara, Streck. 




ANTAPLAGA, Gr. 


96. 


ultima, Streck. 


64. 


dimidiata, Gr. 


97. 


tuberculum, Hiibn. 


65. 


sexseriata, Gr. 


98. 


bina, Guen. — 






99. 


spinosae, Guen. 




BESSULA, Gr. 




hirtella, G. & R. 


6fi. 


luxa, Gr. 


100 


Meskeana, Gr. 




TRICOPIS, Gr. 




rujimedia, Gr. 


67 


chrysellus, Gr. 




fastidiosa, Streck. 


68 


Hulstia, Tepper. 


1 101 


parmeliana, Hy. Edw. — 




R 


1 102 


marginata, Haw. 


69 


aleucis, Harv. 


1 


rivulosa, Guen. 



Referred by me to Lygranthoecia. I associated it with Sanguinea in coll. Neum. 



268 



A. H. GROTE. 



10a. constricta H/. Edw. 
1 04. Thoreaui, G. <(• R. 
10f>. satumta, Gr. 

rubiginosa, Strei'k. 

106. lanul, Streck. — 

107. gloriosa, St7-eck. — 

DERRIMA, Walk. 

108. stellata, Walk. 

var. maj. suff. sue.'.' 



109. Henrietta, Gr. 

AXENUS, Gr. 

110. arvalis, Gr. 

ampins, Hy. Edw. 

aberr. ochraceus, Hy. Edw. 

PSEUDACONTIA, Smith. 

111. crustaria, Morr. — 



By the arrangement I have proposed the pale, often whitish form 
with the front bulging, infra-clypeal plate exposed (sometimes mainly at 
the middle as in Rhodosea) are placed at the end, as they approach the 
Tarache-like genera in some respects. The mossy-scaled, broad front of 
Tarache is intermediate between the clypeus of the Heliothids and that 
of Eustrotia. I am willing to place Axenus here, but I cannot under- 
stand why Mr. Smith at one time considers it a bad genus and not dis- 
tinct from Annaphila, and then puts it into another subfamily ? Could 
it only be shown how much is lost by unnecessary criticism, both to 
science and human happiness, I think it would be less generally indulged 
in. I have worked so long and on the whole to such plainly advantage- 
ous results to a knowledge of our Noctuidae, that I am rather entitled 
to a greater consideration. I assure Mr. Smith, in conclusion, that I 
shall view the results of his future work with pleasure and that, although 
this is my last reply to him, that I shall be glad to assist him in any way 
possible while the power to do so remains with me. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 269 



Miscellaneous notes and short studies of North American 
COLEOPTERA. 

BY GEORGE H. HORN, M. D. 

The following pages have been prepared with the view of placing 
before the students of our fauna any points of material interest which 
have been observed from time to time. These include synonymical notes, 
short studies of various genera, and descriptions of some new species. 
Synonyms are ascertained by the accumulation of specimens when the 
types or their equivalents are at hand. When, however, types are in the 
hands of distant authors an interchange of specimens establishes the fact 
of identity, which should be made known by publication. Short studies are 
either preliminary to monographic work or supplementary to it, and are, 
in either case, useful in giving the newest ideas. The description of 
isolated new species is probably the least useful of the parts of a paper' 
of this kind, as but little is added to our knowledge beyond a new name, 
and this, too often, a possible synonym. 

With these few words of explanation the following notes are pre- 
sented : 

Amhlychila Piccolominii Reiche. 

A second and very careful examination of the type of this species in 
the Museum of the Jardin des Plantes convinced me that the views, 
already several times expressed, of its identity with cylindriformis Say, 
are correct. It is certainly smaller than the specimens taken in Kansas 
and at the same time smoother, corresponding very closely in these re- 
spects with specimens taken in New Mexico and Eastern Arizona, which 
are in the cabinets of Dr. LeConte and Mr. Ulke respectively. The 
locality in which the Reiche specimen was collected was said to be Cali- 
fornia, but I have endeavored to show from collateral evidence .that the 
specimens distributed by Dupont from the same series were collected, in 
all probability, in Texas (vide Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. X. Bull. p. iv). 

Cicindela IVIag<lalenne Lee, Proc. Acad. 1873, p. 321. 

At the time of the preparation of the " Index to the species described 
by Dr. LeConte," I caused to be inserted on my own responsibility that 
the species was probably South African in origin, my reasons being that 
the type of markings and the whole facies of the species were widely 
different from any in our fauna, and decidedly like the South African 
forms of which I had seen a number in the cabinet of Mr. F. Gr. Schaupp. 

(68) 



270 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

During a visit to Prof. Westwood last year he kindly placed the type 
before me, belonging to the Hope collection at Oxford. I then found 
that the specimen really belonged to a series of four, this one having 
been accidentally misplaced and that the species was C. senegaleiuis, Dej. 

Carabus cancellatus Illig. 

This species must be added to the list. More than a dozen specimens 
were captured near Wilmington, N. C, by the lato Mr. Wenzel, and were 
part of the unpinned specimens contained in a bottle with other alcohol- 
ics undoubtedly native species. 

« alosoina peregrinator Guer. 

Specimens of this species kindly given me by Mr. Salvin show that 
0. carbonatum, Lee, must be placed in synonomy. By some misun- 
derstanding 0. prominens, Lee, has been suppressed as the synonym, 
but must be restored to the well-known species with the sides of thorax 
angulate. 

CYCHBIS Fab. 

An examination of Dr. Schauui's types in the Berlin Museum shows 
that our determinations of his species are correct. 

C. convexus, Moraw., from Japan, is almost an exact reproduction in 
miniature of our C. tuberculatum, Harr. 

ANOPHTHALMIA Sturm. 
In 1871 a table of our species was published by me in these Trans- 
actions. Since that time Mr. Hubbard has made known another species, 
and one about to be described has also been taken. The number of 
specimens has been increased, and renewed study shows the necessity of 
modifying some of the characters given in the table twelve years ago. 
The following table and notes are presented in the hope that they will 
prove more useful : 

Terminal joint of maxillary palpus shorter than the preceding; elytra with two 
dorsal punctures. 
Thorax longer than wide, base truncate, hind angles rectangular, humeral mar- 
gin of elytra not serrulate Tellk anipfi. 

Terminal joint of maxillary palpus equal to or longer than the preceding; elytra 
with three dorsal pnnctures. 
Base of thorax on each side oblique; elytra with punctured striae. 

Thorax a little longer than wide; humeral margin of elytra not serrulate, 
striae feeble, obsoletely punctured, intervals sparsely punctulate and 

pubescent interstitial is. 

Thorax not longer than wide; humeral margin of elytra distinctly serrulate, 
striae rather deep, the punctures coarse, intervals slightly convex, rarely 
punctulate, not pubescent Vlenet nesi. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 271 

Base of thorax on each side squarely truncate, elytra with obsolete or feeble 
striae. 
Humeral margin of elytra not serrulate. 

Thorax longer than wide tenuis. 

Thorax as wide as long. 

Thorax small, not as long as the head and scarcely larger. Elytra obso- 
letely striate, surface shining and with very short pubescence near 

the base pusio. 

Thorax larger and wider than the head. Elytra with scarcely any traces 
of striae, its surface subopaque, finely alutaceous, not pubescent, 

eremita. 
Humeral margin of elytra distinctly serrulate. 

Elytra subopaque, very finely alutaceous, surface with very feeble traces of 

striae. Thorax distinctly narrowed behind pubescens. 

Elytra shining, surface distinctly striate. Thorax rather transverse, scarcely 
narrower posteriorly andai. 

In the above table I have attempted to arrange the species in such a 
a manner as to indicate the gradual approach toward the forms of 
Trechus existing in our fauna. The palpar structure of Tellkampfi 
marks that species as the most specialized. The first three species in 
the above table are also remarkable in their very feeble evidence of the 
existence of the recurrent end of the sutural stria, it has, in fact, almost 
entirely disappeared. 

A. Tellkampfi Erichs., Mull. Arch. 1844, p. 384. 

This species represents in our fauna A. Bilimeki, of Europe. It is 
remarkable in having but two dorsal punctures. 

It occurs most abundantly in the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky, also 
in Cave City cave. 

A. interstitialis Hubbard, American Entomologist, 1S80, p. 52. 

The characters given in the table sufficiently differentiate this species 
from any other in our fauna. In it the recurrent sutural stria is feebly 
indicated. It is also remarkable for the great length of the tarsal claws 
which are a little more than half the length of the last tarsal joint. In 
attempting to distinguish this species too great stress should not be laid 
on the interatrial punctuation, as it is variable here and exists in an equally 
variable manner in the next species. 

Occurs in the Mammoth and Cave City caves. 

A. Menetriesi Motsch., Etudes. Ent. 1862, p. 41. 

I find that Motschulsky quotes an earlier date for this species, but on 
referring to the Etudes, 1854, p. 12, there is merely a mention of a spe- 
cies. Three characters together serve to distinguish this species from 
any other in our fauna — the serrulate humeri — deeply striate elytra and 
prominent hind angles of the thorax. In the last respect, however, the 



272 • GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

specimens are somewhat variable and the hind angles are sometimes 
scarcely more than rectangular. 

At the same time Motschulsky describes two other species, striatus 
ventricosus. The latter I feel quite sure is merely a variety of Menetriesi. 
The other may possibly be interstitialis, ffubb., but I am unwilling to 
suppress a name founded on a good description to adopt one quite other- 
wise. 

Occurs in the Mammoth, Cave City, Saltpetre and Ronald's caves. 

A. tenuis Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soe. 1871, p. 327. 

This is the most slender species in our fauna. The hind angles of the 
thorax are slightly prolonged backwards. The elytra are faintly striate 
on the disc, the intervals with slight traces of punctuation, and the entire 
surface extremely finely alutaceous. The recurrent sutural stria is well 
marked, The tarsal claws are extremely slender and nearly straight. 

My specimens were collected by Prof. Cope in the Wyandotte cave, of 
Southern Indiana ; those possessed by Dr. LeConte are from the Brad- 
ford caves. 

A. pusio Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1868, p. 125. 

This is our smallest species. The thorax is not larger than the head, 
narrowed behind, the hind angles not prominent, the base nearly squarely 
truncate and the basal impressions very deep. The striae of the elytra 
are evident only near the suture, and the sutural stria is very distinctly 
recurved. The surface is shining, the intervals near the base very finely 
punctulate and with very short pubescence. 

I have seen but three % specimens of this species, all collected by 
Prof, Cope in Erhart's cave, Montgomery county, Virginia. 

A. eremita Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1871, p. 325. 
A species somewhat resembling tenuis, but broader. The thorax at 
base is very squarely truncate, and the elytra less striate and more dis- 
tinctly alutaceous than in any other species in the present list. 
One £ specimen collected in Wyandotte cave. 

A. pubescens Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1868, p. 126. 
The humeri are distinctly serrulate, the surface distinctly alutaceous, 
feebly striate and with an extremely fine pubescence, which appears to 
be more persistent than in the other species. 

Collected in Cave City, Saltpetre and Ronald's caves. 

A. aildax n. sp. — Rufo-testaceous, shining, head slightly darker. Thorax 
one-third broader than long, scarcely narrowed at base, sides slightly arcuate in 
front, feebly sinuate in front of the hind angles, which are rectangular but not 
prominent, base squarely truncate, apical and median lines moderately distinct. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 273 

basal impressions deep, lateral margin wider posteriorly. Elytra oblong oval, 
wider tban tbe thorax, base truncate, bumeri obtuse, tbe margin serrulate, disc 
finely striate, the striae slightly punctured at base and nearly obsolete at the sides, 
the recurrent sutural stria rather deeply impressed. Tarsal claws small. Length 
.16 inch; 4 millim. 

By its much broader thorax with the margin wider behind, this spe- 
cies approaches Trechus more closely than any of the preceding species. 

One specimen $ , Ronald's cave, cabinet of Dr. LeConte. 

Of the species mentioned above I have seen a very large number of 
Tellkampfi, five of interstifia/is, twenty of Menetriesi, seven of tenuis. 
three of pusio, one of eremita, six of pubescens and one of audax. 

TRECHUS Clairv. 
T. hydropicus n. sp.— Piceous shining, elytra iridescent, antennae and 
legs pale. Thorax transverse, narrower at base, sides feebly arcuate anteriorly, 
margin wider posteriorly, hind angles distinct but not prominent. Elytra broadly 
oval, not more than one-fourth longer than wide, surface smooth, the three inner 
striae alone distinct, the others obsolete. Body beneath smooth, shining. Length 
.12 inch; 3 millim. 

This species is closely related to the California ovipennis, but is much 
smaller and more convex, the eyes are much less prominent and very 
feebly granulated. 

Collected by Mr. Ulke in Virginia. 

PSEUDOMORFIIA Kby. 

The occurrence of a new species gives me the opportunity to bring- 
together a few notes on those previously described so that they may be 
aptly compared. 

But one other species is known from North America (P. Pilatei, 
Chaud., Yucatan), which is even smaller than excrucians and with the 
parallel form of Behrensi and augustata. It is a very distinct species. 
The type was kindly shown me by Mr. Rene Oberthur, its present owner. 

There are now known to us in our fauna four species of Pseudomor- 
pha, which for convenience of determination may be arranged as follows : 

Elytra distinctly narrower posteriorly. 

Elytra with rows of coarse punctures forming nine quite regular striae, 

excrucnins Kby. 

Elytra nearly smooth, punctures obsolete < roiikli i I «-i Horn. 

Elytra parallel. 

Elytra with moderate punctures, very irregular on the disc, forming striae at 

the sides Behrensi Horn. 

Elytra with moderate punctures, confused on the disc, finer at the sides and 
forming striae, in addition a row of large dorsal punctures 9 or 10 in num- 
ber near the suture augustata Horn. 

P. excrucians Kby., Trans. Linn. Soc. 1825, p. 101, PI. 3, fig. 3.— The body 
beneath and legs, head and thorax rufo-testaceous, elytra piceous. Head and 

TRANS. AMEIi. ENT. SOC. X. (C)9) JULY, 1883. 



274 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

thorax with very few punctures. Elytral punctures very coarse, forming quite 
regular striae, merely a little confused behind the the scutellum. Length .26 
inch ; 6.5 millim. 

Male. — Anterior and middle tarsi with rather long hairs beneath. Third ventral 
segment rather densely punctured at middle, more sparsely at the sides, fourth 
and fifth segments with a short transverse row of closely placed, recumbent 
bristles at middle. Last ventral segment with two submarginal setigerous punc- 
tures on each side. The third and fourth ventral segments have also a series of 
coarse punctures, forming an arcuate row extending from side to side, each punc- 
ture bearing an erect seta. 

Occurs in Georgia. 

P. < 'ron k hi I ti Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1S67, p. 151.— Body beneath 
rufo-piceous, above piceous. Head and thorax very sparsely punctulate. Elytral 
sculpture nearly obsolete, but with one or two large punctures in the post-scutel- 
lar region. Length .32 inch ; 8 millim 

Male. — Characters as in excrucians. 

The post-scutellar punctures represent the row of dorsal punctures of auguntata. 
Collected in Owen's Valley, California. 

P. Behrensi Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1870, p. 76. — Body beneath rufo- 
piceous, above piceous. Head and thorax sparsely, but quite distinctly, punc- 
tured. Thorax obsoletely subcarinate at middle posteriorly. Elytra with coarse 
punctures forming striae at the sides, but rather irregular at middle. There is no 
indication of a dorsal series of punctures. Length .38 inch ; 9.5 millim. 

Male. — Characters as in excrucians. 

Female. — Third ventral coarsely and densely punctured at middle, less densely 
at the sides, fourth and fifth segments without the short transverse row of bristles. 
Last ventral with four submarginal setigerous punctures on each side. 
Occurs in the San Joaquin Valley, California. 

P. aiiiinslalsi n. sp. — Elongate, parallel, castaneous, shining. Head with 
very few punctures near the occiput. Thorax a little more than twice as wide as 
long, narrowed in front, sides slightly arcuate, margin narrowly explanate, ex- 
cept near the hind angles, angles of thorax rounded, disc moderately convex, 
median line finely impressed, surface with a few rather coarse punctures at mid- 
dle, fewer and less evident near the sides, the extreme margin plurisetose. Elytra 
elongate, parallel, as wide as the thorax, surface sparsely punctate, the punctures 
irregularly placed on the disc, but forming vague striae near the sides; about one- 
fourth from the suture is a series of coarse dorsal punctures about ten in number 
bearing short setae, lateral margin sparsely fimbriate. Body beneath paler than 
above, smooth and shining. Third ventral segment at middle densely submuri- 
cately punctured, fourth and fifth segments with a transverse row of short setae at 
middle, the last ventral with two large setigerous punctures near the margin on 
each side. Length .30 inch ; 7.5 millim. PL IX., fig. 6. 

The specimen before me is a male, and the characters given above for 
the abdomen are sexual. In shape this species is fully three times as 
long as wide. By its parallel elytra it approaches P. Behrensi, Horn, 
which has not, however, any trace of the dorsal series of setigerous punc- 
tures on the elytra. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 275 

A female in the cabinet of Dr. LeConte has the row of dorsal punc- 
tures less distinct, and the last ventral segment with three marginal 
punctures. 

Collected by H. K. Morrison in Arizona. 

AMPHIZOA. 

This genus was at first considered by Dr. Sharp sufficiently a Dytiscide 
to be placed in his division Dytisci complicati. This view he, however, 
recalls, and is willing to admit that Amphizoa and Pelobius must be 
isolated from any of the great families of Adephaga. He is not, how- 
ever, willing to admit that they should take rank as families in the same 
sense as we receive the Carabidae or Dytiscidae, his objection being 
based on an unwillingness to consider Amphizoidae and Pelobiidae, each 
containing but one genus and those genera three species each, compar- 
able with great aggregates containing many genera and numerous spe- 
cies. 

In adopting the views of Dr. LeConte regarding Amphizoa and ex- 
tending the idea still further in the suggestion of a family for Pelobius, 
the number of the species was entirely a minor consideration. The type 
of structure was taken as the standard of comparison and each particu- 
lar type was designated by a name adopted in all cases from those in 
use. 

To those who prefer to follow Dr. Sharp's synthetic method of treat- 
ing the subject, I can see no reason why a single species should not 
represent in itself all the various syntheses through which Dr. Sharp 
passes the objects of his study. Thus a species insolens represents also 
the genus Amphizoa, the tribe Amphizoini, the subfamily Amphizoinae, 
and finally the family Amphizoidae, which makes part of a larger aggre- 
gate known as Adephaga. 

It is quite within the limit of possibility that an ally of Amphizoa 
should occur with a structure of middle coxal cavities, as in the Dytisci 
fragmentati or the subfamily Carabinae. We would then certainly have 
all the elements of a complete synthesis with the addition of a single 
species. To my mind an important modification of structure has as great 
systematic value when represented by one species as by a thousand. 

A. Joseph!, Matth., is retained as distinct by Dr. Sharp. I have care- 
fully examined the type and find it not different from the male of in- 
solens. 

The occurrence of a species (A. Davidis, Lucas) in the mountain 
regions of Thibet has been recently made known. 



276 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

DYTISCIDAE. 

While on a visit to Dr. Sharp I was enabled through his kindness to 
examine very nearly all of the species described by him from our fauna. 
From notes made by me at the time I have been enabled to identify very 
many of the species since my return, although a good number still remain 
unknown to us. 

The work of Dr. Sharp is the most important ever given to science 
on this family. Numerous characters overlooked by others have been 
clearly presented. While I can hardly agree with him in his estimate 
of the value of very minute characters for the separation of species, it 
must nevertheless be admitted that his entire work gives evidence of 
close, conscientious and accurate study. 

The following notes are intended to bring his work into closer corres- 
pondence with our cabinets as far as I am able to interpret it. In those 
cases in which I feel compelled to dissent from his views I have endeav- 
ored to give my reasons as clearly and briefly as possible, and if the 
expressions are short and didactic, they have been so framed to avoid 
unnecessary verbosity. 

In using Dr. Sharp's work I have many times had occasion to regret 
that his idea of the entire inviolability of the original name given by 
preceding authors has been put in practice. Unless there happens to be 
a new species on a given page it is impossible to say with certainty what 
genus is before us, nor can we in this case be certain as on p. 411 a new 
Antiporus is described with the name Hydroporus. It is, to say the 
least, a little confusing to find, as on p. 271, four generic names on one 
page. 

The omission of author's names after genera throughout the book is, 
to say the least, inconvenient. While I admit that the name of the 
author is not an essential part of the generic name it very often gives us 
a clue to bibliography, often a matter of very great utility. 

CANTHYDRUS Sharp. 
This contains the species formerly in our lists under Suphis. 
C. punctipennis, Shp., seems merely a pale form of bicolor, Say. It 
is taken frequently by Mr. Ulke near Washington. 

HYDROCAKTHUS. 

Dr. Sharp is willing to admit three species in our fauna. 
H. oblongns, Shp. — This species is founded on the pale or ferrugi- 
nous specimens often found in Pennsylvania. 

11. tricolor, Say. — Dr. Sharp identifies as wo have done. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 2 ^ 



H. texanus, Shp., is what we have called atripennis, Say, which name 
\ Sharp assigns to a Bra 
On the whole I am inch 
all these forms one species. 



Dr. Sharp assigns to a Brazilian species. 

On the whole I am inclined to agree with Mr. Crotch, who considered 



I^ACCOPHIIiUS. 

L.fusculus, Shp., founded on one female specimen, does not appear 
separable from decipiens, Lee. 

L pictus, Cast, occurs in Arizona and the Peninsula of California 

L insignis Shp.— This and the preceding species were confounded 
together by Crotch. It occurs in Texas only, as far as we know. This 
species has the yellow marks on the elytra forming distinct fasciae, while 
in pictus the yellow marks are in the form of small isolated spots. An- 
other species closely allied to these two has been collected in Arizona 

L americanus, Aube, is noted in our fauna by Dr. Sharp. I have 
never seen native specimens, but it is known to me from the Antilles 

L terminal-is, Shp.-Closely allied to fasciatus, Say, and recalling 
also maculosus. It is known to me from Peninsula of California and the 
adjacent regions of Upper California. 

L. atristerna/is, Crotch, is mexicanus, Aube. 

COELAMBUS. 

C. fumatus, Shp, seems to be the true lutescens, Lee. The latter, as 
determined by Dr. Sharp, should receive another name. 

m/uscatus, Shp.-A specimen from Oregon referred by me to this 
species is a male. The anterior tarsal claws are dissimilar, the anterior 
being a little shorter than the posterior, stouter, more arcuate and rather 
broadly dilated at base. 

DEBOMECTES. 
D suffusm, Shp.-Specimens from Massachusetts in my cabinet be- 
long to this species, but I am unable to convince myself that it is specifi- 
cally distinct from catascopium, Say. 

D prostemalis, Shp.-This is clearly Say's catascopium. I do not 
know why the latter name should be disregarded. It is distinguished 
from o-riseostriatus by having the presternum more cannate in front, but 
IainVte sure from my observation that this is an evanescent char- 

acter. 

HYDROPORUS. 

//. pulcher, fide Slip, is not pulcher. Lee, which lias no distinct 

sutural stria. 

//. integer, Shp, is the true pulcher, Lee. 

(70) 



278 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

H. labratus, Slip., seems to be identical with oppositus, Sat/, which has 
not been considered specifically distinct from undulatus by Crotch. 

//. peltatus, Shp. — Dr. Sharp writes that this name is equivalent to 
spurius, Lee. There does not appear to be any special reason for the 
substitution and the name should be restored. 

H. clypealis, Shp. — This is probably confounded in all cabinets with 
undulatus, Say. The males are, however, easily distinguished by the 
claws of the front tarsi being very unequal. 

H. mexicanus, Shp. — A specimen apparently of this species is in my 
cabinet from Southern California. 

H. rivalis, Gyll. — Of this species obesus, Lee, and congruus, Lee, 
are synonyms. 

H. despectus Shp., perplexus Slip., rusticus Slip., tenebrosus Lee. 
(subpubescens Lee), hirtellus Lee. 

I am quite sure that I have identified in our series all the forms above 
indicated, that is, a certain number can be referred to each name, but the 
vast mass of specimens is of intermediate material. I think the name 
tenebrosus, Lee, should be applied to the aggregate. 

//. tristis, Payk. — To this belong varians and subtonsus, Lee 

HYDROTRUPES Sharp. 

H. palpalu, Slip. — A few specimens have been received from the San 
Bernardino Valley, California. It may be at once known by the quad- 
rate terminal joint of the labial palpi. The body is black and shining, 
the elytra very finely punctured, the punctures connected by minute re- 
ticulations. 

AGABLS. 

A. perplexus, Slip., is suturalis, Crotch. 

A. ambiguus Say, fide Slip. — From specimens sent to Dr. Sharp I 
learn that the species here identified is the same as discolor, Harris, of 
our cabinets. Dr. Sharp is now inclined to believe that the species 
should not be separated from congener, Payk. The latter name should 
remain with ambiguus and discolor as synonyms. 

A. aeneolus, Crotch. — Dr. Sharp states that the type of punctulatus, 
Aube, is the same as this. The latter name should be used. 

A. striijulosus, Crotch. — To this nanus, Lee, must be referred. 

A. Watenghami, Crotch, does not appear specifically distinct from 
confertus, Lee 

A. conftnis, Gyll. — To this ovoideus, Or., must be referred. 

A. Lecontei, Crotch. — This species was originally described as dis- 
color, Lee The name being preoccupied was changed in the Mel- 



979 

AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 

^er Catalogue to /„,>,,. In the Liatof ^^^63) the 

WW name is lost sight of in its relation to Ascofor, and is there „iven 

naTin ended To he applied to another species and was so used by 

"in order to avoid further confusion the name Leco„«, should 

be allowed to stand. ^ ^ b ^ 

vl. nigroaeneus, Ha. — ADunuaui. num vy 
species described as lutosus, 6Vo,r/i. 

II>YBIUS. 

1 ater De Geer.-To this ungularis, Lee, must be referred 

/ £U Lee. fide Shp., does not seem to be correctly ulenUfied. 

The true ^^V^^^ sWd be referred . 
I. angustior, Gyll. — lo tins picipes, /v< V /-, 

COPTOTOMUS. . 

a obsevrus, Shp.-I bave very great doubt of the distinctness ot tins 

species. 

RHANTUS. 

R. obscurus, Shp., is flavogriseus, Crotch. 

R. Imgipes, Shp., was regarded as a mere color vanety of the pre- 
ceding by Crotch, and, I think, correctly. 

Rvlebeius SI p.-While I can separate specimens winch agree with 
Dr Sha^rLcription, I do not believe the species distinct from bmo- 

tatus, Harr. 

R. discedens, Shp., is the female of tortus, Lee. 

R. serlcans, Shp., is the species recorded m our hsts as notatus, Fab., 
and, I think, not distinct, 

COLVWBETES. 
ft Orotchi, Shp., is strigatus, Lee. 

ft «„„«, Leo, **«*, Harr., rugipenn^ Shp.-Afte * studj 
of the large series iu our cabinet* I arrive at the following resuta, . 

The miles, from whatever part of our territory, are identical The 
female, however, vary. The principal forms are (1) those with the 
„ pturei as in the male ; (2) those with the thorax more decd- 
X^nJulate; (3) those with the thorax much ™re coarsely and 
deeply vesiculate, and the transverse strigae of the elytra deeper on the 
disc much finer at sides and apex. 

I tlk this condition of affairs is indicative of polymorphism m he 
female. A similar polymorphism in Agabus congener and b.pustulatus 
has been ably elucidated by Dr. Sharp. 

I fUnk the throe species above named should be united under the 
name of sculptilis, Harr. 



280 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

C. inaequalis, Horn. — I consider this in the same manner a dimor- 
phic female of seminiger, Lee. 

HYDATICUS. 

//. modestus, Slip., cinctipennis, Aube, americanus, Slip. — In the 
separation of these three species from stagnalis, Fab., I can not agree 
with Dr. Sharp. The only differences are in the color of the upper sur- 
face. These variations seem to run gradually from one style to another. 
The form in which the elytra (except the sides) are black is the most 
common. A second variation occurs with a subbasal yellow transverse 
band of variable distinctness. The band then becomes pectinate pos- 
teriorly, and we have the vittate varieties thus gradually formed. 

Ail I, I IS. 

A. semisalcatus, Aube. — Crotch was entirely correct in noting smooth 
females for this species. I have doubts whether this species should be 
considered distinct from fraternus, Harr. In studying our large series I 
find the females in the Eastern Atlantic region to be equally divided 
between the smooth and the sulcate forms. The sulci extend very little 
in front of the middle of the elytra. As we go west the sulci become 
gradually longer, so that the Oregon and Alaskan specimens are sulcate 
very nearly to the base. Smooth females become rare as we go west- 
ward. I think our collections demonstrate the identity of these two 
species. 

In a recent letter Dr. Sharp holds that the two species are distinct, 
the character on which he relies principally is the somewhat greater dis- 
tance betwen the anterior margin of the posterior coxa and the posterior 
border of the middle coxal cavity in fraternus than prevails in semisul- 
catus. I have not been satisfied with my study of this character. 

GRAPHODERES 

In this genus Dr. Sharp has discovered a variability in the number of 
the small palettes on the anterior and middle tarsi of the male. 

In view of the very great resemblance between the so-called species, it 
is difficult to imagine that the variability indicates specific distinction. I 
have examined a number of males and very few agree among themselves. 
From an examination of the species in the cabinet of Dr. Sharp, I be- 
lieve that the separation of fasciatocollis Harr., perplexus Slip., and 
elatus Shp., from cinereus entirely unwarranted by the evidence afforded 
by other species of recognized variability in tarsal vestiture. 

On the other hand I have seen three males, two collected by myself in 
Northern California and a third in Washington Territory, in which the 
middle tarsi of the male are not at all dilated, nor are there any palettes. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 281 

The anterior tarsi have a total of fifteen palettes and the claws are un- 
equal, the posterior being one-third shorter, feebly arcuate, but distinctly 
sinuate beneath. The claws of the middle tarsi $ are feebly arcuate 
and of unequal length. 

O. OCCiden talis n. sp. — Form more elongate than in cinereus, colors pre- 
cisely similar. Male sexual characters as above. Length .54 inch ; 13.5 millim. 

This species seems closely allied to austriacus, but Dr. Sharp says its 
anterior claws are a " little unequal." Here they are very unequal on 
the anterior and middle feet. 

Occurs in California and Washington Territory. Female unknown. 

The following species are those unknown to Dr. Sharp and placed in 
an appendix to his paper. As some of them have escaped notice in our 
lists, it has been thought advisable to make such notes concerning them 
as may aid in their determination. The numbers given are those of Dr. 
Sharp's Appendix. 

1180. Agabus atrotus Mann., probably tristis Aube. 

1193. Agabus irregularis Mann. Has been identified by Crotch 
with hypomelas Mann., and, probably, correctly. 

1201. Agabus scapular is Mann., probably anthracinus Mann. 

1202. Agabus subopaeus Mann., can not be identified. 
1227. Colymbetes fossiger Motsch., is Agabus morosus Lee. 
1249. Colymbetes sobrinus Motsch., is Agabus nigroaeneus Er. 
1251. Colymbetes strigosus Lee, is a clerical error (=strigatus). 
1285. Dytiseus anxius Mann., is probably circumcinctus Ahr. 
1292. Dytiseus fuseostriatus Motsch., probably circumcinctus Ahr. 
1413. Hydroporus pcrsimilis Cr. The type of this species in my 

cabinet does not seem different from collaris Lee. 

1423. Hydroporus puleher || Motsch., is a pale striatellus Lee. 

In addition to the above there is nearly an equal number of species 
due to Say, Melsheimer, Mannerheim and Motschulsky, which have 
escaped recognition and seem to be beyond the limits of an approxima- 
tive guess. 

The following species described by Kirby in the Fauna Boreali Ameri- 
cana have, for the most part, been omitted by Dr. Sharp. The types are 
all in the British Museum and their synonomy could have been authori- 
tatively decided by him. I have seen nearly all of them and the follow- 
ing notes will, probably, be found correct : 

Hydroporus nigrolineatus Step., is probably not that species, but one 
of the smoother forms of Coelambus impresso-punctatus ScTiatt, other- 
wise known to us as Hydroporus quadrilineatus Mann. 

TRANS. AMER. ENT. SOC. X. (71) JULY, 1883. 



282 GEO. n. HORN, M. D. 

Hydroporus laevis Kby., is probably the same as that subsequently 
described by LeConte as duodecimlineatus and, if so, Kirby's name 
should prevail. 

Hydroporus picatus Kby., and similis Kby., are forms of the variable 
impresso-punctatus Schall. 

Laccophilus biguttatus Kby. — This has been placed as a synonym of 
two other species at various times, but it is probably not a Laccophilus at 
all and seems rather to be a species of Hydroporus, perhaps allied to 
pulcher Lee. 

Colymbetes semipunctatus Kby., is an Agabus and known to us. 

Colymbctes biculor Kby. and phaeopterus Kby. — From an examina- 
tion of the types of these two species in the British Museum, they 
seemed to be merely color varieties of one species and identical with the 
form described by Sharp as Agabus coiifinis Gyll. I believe ambiguus 
Say to be the same species, and the name is older than any of those 
above quoted. 

Colymbetes reticulatus Kby., seems to be the same as that described 
by Aube a year or two later as Agabus reticulatus. 

Colymbetes picipes Kby., is Iybius augustior Gyll. 

Colymbetes assimi/is Kby., is Rhantus binotatus Harris. 

Colymbetes triseriatus Kby., is C. sculptilis Harris. 

Colymbetes rugicolfis Kby., is Graphoderes liberus Say. 

Colymbetes Mac Cttllochii Kby., is Acilius mediatus Say. 

Dytiscus Ooligbuliii Kby., is considered to be confluens Say 7 which 
in turn is dauricus Gebl. 

Dytiscus Harrisii Kby., a well-known species. 

Dytiscus FranMinii Kby., from the description it also must be re- 
ferred to dauricus Gebl. 

The following species are sufficiently conspicuous to warrant their 
description in an isolated manner : 

LACCOPHILUS Leach. 
L. lateralis n. sp. — Oval, rather broad, yellowish testaceous, elytra black 
with few yellow marks. Head and thorax obsoletely finely punctulate. Sides of 
thorax feebly arcuate, hind angles rectangular, color yellowish testaceous with a 
bilobed piceous spot at the apex and a smaller one at base. Elytra very min- 
utely punctulate, black, with few yellow spots each indicating a tendency toward 
three transverse series, epipleurae pale. Body beneath nearly smooth, abdomen 
obliquely scratched. Length .16-.18 inch; 4-4.5 millim. PI. IX, fig. 3. 

This species is closely related to insignis and picfus, more particularly 
the latter in form, although even a little more broadly oval. The spots 
on the elytra are much less numerous and the epipleurae pale in their 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 283 

entire extent. The dark spaces at the apex and base of the thorax are 
present in all the specimens before me, and are always wanting in the 
other two species. 

Occurs in Arizona. 

The three species above cited form a conspicuously defined little group, 
characterized by their black elytra maculate with clear yellow. The 
essential characters of each are as follows : 

Oval, slightly oblong, thorax entirely immaculate. Elytral spots conspicuous, 
more or less confluent in fasciae; epipleurae piceous insignis. 

Oval, rather broad, thorax with a narrow ante-scutellar piceous space. Elytral 
spots small, not confluent; epipleurae piceous pictus. 

Oval, rather broad, thorax with bilobed apical and basal spots. Elytra with few 

yellow spots; epipleurae pale lateralis. 

L. insignis Slip., occurs in Texas, pictus Cast., in Arizona and Lower 

California, lateralis Horn, in Arizona. 

HYDROPORUS Clairv. 

H. palliatus n. sp. — Oval, moderately convex, without pubescence, surface 
shining, color piceous; legs, palpi, antennae, epipleurae and base of elytra pale 
yellow. Head with scarcely any trace of punctuation. Thorax with sides very 
feebly arcuate, the margin very narrowly thickened, surface punctured, rather 
closely along the base and sides, quite densely near the hind angles, a subapieal 
series of coarser punctures. Elytra paler than the thorax, the basal pale band of 
varying width extending from the humeri to the suture ; surface sparsely and 
rather finely punctured, and with two indistinct series on each elytra of coarser 
punctures. Prosternal process moderate. Articular lobes of hind coxae truncate, 
the outer angles acute, the cotyloid cavities distinctly separated. Sides of hind 
coxae, epipleurae and abdomen coarsely punctured, abdomen at middle more 
finely and less densely punctured. Coxal lines deep, nearly parallel, slightly 
divergent only in front. Third joint of anterior and middle tarsi deeply bilobed. 
Length .14 inch ; 3.5 millim. 

I have examined about a dozen specimens and find no special sexual 
differences. I refer this species to Dr. Sharp's Group 8, in association 
with vi/is and others. The shining surface and pale band at the base of 
the elytra make it a very conspicuous species. 

Occurs at Crystal Springs, California. 

H. picturatus n. sp. — Broadly oval, form of rivalix. Beneath piceous, ab- 
domen at times rufescent at base and apex. Head yellow, a little darker pos- 
teriorly, surface very sparsely and finely punctured. Thorax with regularly 
arcuate sides, the side margin not thickened, hind angles obtuse, surface with an 
extremely fine punctuation, with coarser punctures in the basal and subapieal 
regions, lateral impressions vague, color yellow with broad basal and apical spaces 
piceous, so that but a narrow line of yellow divides them. Elytra finelv and 
densely punctured, with very coarse punctures irregularly placed and with feeble 
traces of two dorsal striae, color yellow with interrupted black suture transversely 
confluent, forming a conspicuous oval spot near the middle of the vittae, another 
posteriorly and a very irregular space extending to the side margin. Presternum 



284 GEO. II. HORN, M. D. 

in front of the coxae acutely carinate, the lobe rather broad, not elongate. Body 
beneath subopaque, coarsely punctured at the sides of the coxal plates and first 
two ventral segments, the remainder of the surface somewhat rugulose. Legs pale, 
antennae infuscate toward the tip. Length .10 inch; 2.5 millim. PL IX, fig. 4. 

This species is referred to Dr. Sharp's Section C. of Group 3, and of 
the species there belonging is most clearly allied to rivalis, which it re- 
sembles in form and considerably in its markings. It is, however, more 
shining and with the coarse punctuation of the upper surface very obvi^ 
ous. The third tarsal joint is scarcely bilobed, the claw-joint rather long, 
and the claws long and slender. 

I have seen but four specimens collected in Western Nevada. 

H. quadriiuacttlatus n. sp. — Broadly oval, feebly shining, piceous, head 
centre of prothorax, two spots on each elytron orange yellow. Head alutaceous, 
sparsely, finely punctured. Thorax piceous, a central transverse space pale, sides 
feebly arcuate, hind angles rectangular, surface with coarse punctures along the 
basal region, those in front gradually finer, between these a dense, very fine punc- 
tuation, lateral impressions very vague. Elytra with distinctly alutaceous surface, 
with numerous but not densely placed coarse punctures, which are gradually finer 
to the apex and obsolete toward the sides. Presternum finely carinate between 
the coxae, the prosternal process rather broad but not long. Body beneath dis- 
tinctly alutaceous, subopaque, the sides of the coxal plates with very coarse punc- 
tures. Ventral segments somewhat wrinkled at the sides. Length .12-. 14 inch; 
3-3.5 millim. PL IX, fig. 5. 

This species is also referred to the rival is group, although its sculp- 
ture and style of coloration recall Hydrovatus. The male has the ante- 
rior tarsi a little more dilated than the female, the claws longer and 
rather less arcuate. In both sexes the third joint is feebly emarginate 
and the terminal joint moderately long. In the female the terminal ven- 
tral segment is somewhat acuminate, in the male simple. 

The elytral spots are large, the humeral spot extends on the epipleura 
and reaches nearly to the suture, its posterior border being broadly 
notched. The posterior spot is about one-third from the tip, of irregular 
quadrate shape, and also reaches the side margin of the elytra. The ex- 
treme tip is often yellow also. 

Occurs in Western Nevada. 

I It I % It I II ISO V Maerk. 
T. I^econtei Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1868, p. 131, has been described as 
T. cedonulh Schaufuss, Ann. Ent. Soc. Fr. 1882, p. 43. 
A second species occurs in Pennsylvania. 

T. peiiiisylvaiiiciim n. sp. — Oval, moderately robust, rufo-testaceous, 
shining. Clypeus slightly prolonged and truncate, corneous. Head sparsely and 
finely punctulate. Thorax narrower in front, sides moderately arcuate, disc very 
sparsely and finely punctulate. Elytra wider at base than the thorax, disc striate, 
striae with coarse closely placed punctures, intervals slightly convex, sparsely 



OQR 

AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. * ou 

punctulate, the alternate series, 1-3-5-7, with coarser punches distantly placed 
Bo-ay beneath less shining, sparsely punctate and pubescent. Prosternal process 
scarcely prolonged between the coxae. Length .12 inch ; 3 millim. 

This species closely resembles Lecontei It has a smaller thorax, the 
elytra more deeply striate, the striae more closely punctured, the inter- 
vals more convex but less punctulate. In Lecontei the clypeus ts en- 
tirely membranous, in the present species prolonged and corneous, in that 
species the presternum is distinctly prolonged between the coxae, here 
scarcely so. As my type of Lecontei. is a % and the present a 9 , it is 
hardly safe to insist on the clypeal character as a specific one. 

One specimen ? , collected by Dr. W. G. Diet, at Hazleton, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

DIETTA Sharp. 

At the time of the publication of my Synopsis of the Silphidae I 
called attention to certain apparent anomalies in the structure of the 
insect, especially in the structure of the tarsi, which were said to be 
4-5-5-iointed. Through the kindness of Dr. Sharp I have examined 
his unique, and found that the specimen was really a monstrosity, there 
being four joints on one anterior tarsus and five on the other. The 
genus must, as I suspected, be placed in the series with five joints on all 
the feet, and is really, as I stated, intermediate between Hydnobxm and 

Anoqrfus. 

STMHYGRAPHIS Lee. 

On the request of Dr. LeConte I have prepared a figure of this very 

peculiar genus of Staphylinidae, allied to Geodromicus of the Homahm. 

It is remarkable in the spinous hairs projecting laterally from the post- 
ocular re-ion of the head. All the tibiae exhibit curious structure, as 
shown in°the plate, which characters are, possibly, sexual. Two speci- 
mens only are known, both of which agree in the details given. 
It occurs in California. 
S. maciilatsi Lee, PL IX, fig. 7. 
A full description will shortly appear. 

HISTER Linn. 
H (PheliBter) gentlll- n. sp.-Oval, convex, black, shining Head and 
thori sparsely and finely punctulate. Thorax with an entire, well^mpressed 
«nwXal stria Elytra more sparsely and finely punctured than the thorax, 
urf^e wh^ rentire'dorsal and a suturol stria, all sharply impressed, the inner 
dorsTlald sutural joining by an arc ; external snbhumeral entire, internal absent. 
Epipleur^ unistrilte. Propygidiun. and pygidium sparsely and hnely m.nc- 
Tured. Presternum convex, the striae distinct, diverging and ascendmg n front. 
Marginal stria of mesosternum entire. Body beneath sparsely punctulate. Ante- 
rior tibiae very finely serrulate, Length .10 inch; 2.5 imllim. 

It is not without some little doubt that I refer this species to PheUster. 



(72) 



286 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

The antennal fossae are slightly enclosed in front, approaching Ontho- 
philus, but the resemblance extends no further. It might be placed near 
H. vermis from which, however, it differs in many points. 
Taken by H. K. Morrison in Arizona. 

HCHINODES Zimm. 
K. clecipiens n. sp. — Broadly oval, piceous, brown, moderately shining. 
Head smooth, obtusely carinate at middle, deeply impressed on each side. Thorax 
shining, surface with sparsely placed, slightly murieate punctures, each bearing a 
short erect hair. Elytra with a marginal and three vaguely impressed entire 
striae at the side, each with a single row of coarse and closely placed punctures 
bearing a short erect hair; between these striae and the suture are four series of 
punctures rather irregularly placed, bearing setae, the sutural row the most distinct. 
Propygidium and pygidium shining, sparsely punctate. Body beneath shining, 
smooth. Presternum bicarinate, the carinae divergent posteriorly. Length .OS 
inch; 1.5 millim. 

This species resembles E. setiger Lee, and is but little longer. It 
differs in the elytral sculpture. The present species has the outer striae 
more impressed, the inner rows of punctures single, while in setiger the 
outer striae are less impressed and the inner rows composed of two or 
more series of punctures. 

Collected by H. K. Morrison in Arizona. 

Teretriosomsi facet tun Lewis, Ent. Mo. Mag. 1879, p. 61. 
This species was described with the locality " Canada." I had always 
doubted the occurrence of this form so far north in our fauna, and a 
reference to the donation book of the British Museum gave the locality 
as Ceylon, although the specimen was otherwise labelled. Mr. Lewis 
informed me that he had other evidence that the insect was Ceylonese, 
and the species must, therefore, be removed from our lists. 

PEL.TASTICA Mann. 
A species of this genus has been discovered in Japan and specimens 
were kindly given me by Mr. George Lewis. The species strikingly 
resembles our own, but is broader, less convex and the margin of the 
elytra more explanate. It is also paler in color. The crescentic pale 
fascia, so evident near the basal third of the elytra in our species, does 
not appear in the Japanese form. 

CHRYSOBOTIIRIS Eseh. 
C. contigun Lee. — This species seems to have been misunderstood at 
home and abroad. It is of moderate size, resembling somewhat in 
form femorata, and may be at once distinguished from any other 
species in our fauna by the clypeus being bidentate at middle, the two 
teeth being separated by a narrow acute notch. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 287 

C. semisculpta Lee, was made a synonym of femorata by Crotch. It 
is really the 9 of contigua. 

C. cuprascens Lee., is also peculiar in the structure of the clypeus^ 
that portion being almost rectilinearly truncate, with a small notch at 
middle. The anterior tibiae of % have a small and very acute tooth 
near the tip. 

C. vulcanica Lee, and C. californica Lee, appear to be merely un- 
usually developed 99 of C. trinervia Kby. 

- C. exesa Lee. — Male specimens now known to us show the anterior 
tibiae to be simple and not serrate within, the apex scarcely broader than 
the female. The femoral tooth is serrulate as in femorata. The mid- 
dle tibiae are very distinctly arcuate in the male and very slightly so in 
the female, the posterior are straight in both sexes. The last ventral 
segment £ is triangularly emarginate, in the 9 broadly emarginate with 
an acute angle each side. 

C. cribraria Mann., which has remained in our lists unknown is that 
variety of femorata known as soror Lee 

GYASCITUS Lee. 
The occurrence of a new species in the eastern portion of our fauna 
has led to new study of our species with the following result: In 1868 
(Trans. Am. Ent. Soe, ii. p. 15-4) I gave a synoptic table and called 
attention to the existence of two series of species — the first with the 
tarsi rather slender, especially the posterior, in which the first joint equals 
very nearly the next two joints together and the entire tarsus as long as 
the tibia — the second with short and broader tarsi, the first joint but 
little longer than the second. 

The first series above indicated constitutes the genus Gyaseutus, while 
the species of the second should be referred to Hippomelas. 

The species referred to Gyascutus may be distinguished in the follow- 
ing manner : 

Epistoma broadly emarginate; species of robust faeies 2. 

Epistoma subtruncate ; species of slender faeies 4. 

2. — Elytra with subcostiform elevations ; thorax very unequally sculptured and 

with irregular smooth spaces planicosta Lee. 

Elytra without subcostiform elevations 3. 

3. — Thorax irregularly sculptured, with large smooth spaces, presternum in front 
somewhat concave, color above and beneath green bronze, 

obliterates Lee. 

Thorax nearly equally sculptured with coarse punctures, without distinct 

callosities, presternum in front flat, color above and beneath reddish 

bronze earoliiiensis n. sp. 

4. — Thorax gradually narrowed in front, sides scarcely arcuate, the surface regu- 
larly punctured CU Ileal US Horn. 



288 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

G. carolinensis n. sp. — Form moderately robust, reddish or coppery 
bronze, moderately shining. Sides of thorax moderately arcuate, the disc con- 
vex, coarsely punctured, at the sides somewhat tuberculate by the confluence of 
the punctures. Scutellum small oval. Elytra densely and deeply punctured* 
the punctures near the apex less confused and forming a slight tendency to striae. 
Body beneath more shining than above, moderately densely punctured, but 
smoother along the median line. Presternum very coarsely punctured in front, 
the process smooth with a row of coarse deep punctures so closely placed as to 
resemble a groove. Length .60-. 76 inch; 15-19 millim. 

Although very distinct in its facies from obliteratus it is not easy to 
give any striking characters by which the two may be separated. It is, 
however, smaller, less robust, the sculpture much less coarse and the color 
quite different. 

There have been about eight or ten specimens collected by the late 
Mr. W. F. Wenzel near Wilmington, North Carolina. I find no differ- 
ence in them except in size. Those in my cabinet were kindly given me 
by his son, Mr. Henry Wenzel. 

Of the species in the table, cuneatus makes the closest approach in 
resemblance to Hippomelas saginata, in fact, the two might easily be 
confounded without reference to the structure of the tarsi. 

HIPPOMELAS L. et G. 

The following species belong to the above-named genus and are dis- 
tinguished as follows : 
Epistoma rather deeply emarginate, the labrum almost bilobed. 

Thorax with moderately arcuate sides and regularly punctured surface, 

spheniciis Lee. 
Epistoma broadly emarginate, the labrum feebly notched. 

Thorax narrowed in front, the sides nearly straight, disc regularly punctured, 

saginata Mann. 

Arcuate, disc irregularly and roughly sculptured caelatus Lee. 

Thorax quadrate, sides arcuate, the disc regularly and moderately punctured, 

calif'oruicus Horn;, 
H. saginata Mann., has not yet to my knowledge occurred within our 
faunal limits. 

H. caelatus by its robust form and thoracic sculpture approaches 
Gyascutus, while calif "or nicus by its feeble frontal ridges seems to lead 
to Psiloptera. All the species of both genera have the tips of the elytra 
slightly emarginate and slightly spinous. 

Deltometopus ereptus Bonv. — An examination of the type in the 
collection of M. Salle convinces me that it in no wise differs from 
amoenicornis Say. 

Analestesa testacea Leach, is Cebrio bicolor Fab. 
Corymbites tristis Cand. — Specimens, which on comparison do not 
differ from this species, have been found in Japan by Mr. George Lewis. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 289 

I have already stated that I believe Elater semivittatus Say, to be the 
older name of this species. 

EUBRIA. 

In a synopsis of our Dascyllidae attention was directed to the differ- 
ence between the anterior and posterior claws of each pair of feet, the 
former being deeply bifid, the latter simple. Reasoning from analogous 
forms in our fauna I had reason to believe that the claws of the female 
would prove to be simple. While in the British Museum the suspicion 
was mentioned to Mr. A. Sidney Olliff, and to him we owe the demon- 
stration of a character which I had suspected from analogy. 

P/eo/obus Philippi, which appears in the Munich Catalogue among the 
Telephorini is a Dascyllide and identical with Anorus Lee, which is the 
prior name. 

Tbe tribe Macropoginini, as recognized in our books, will include the 
South American genus Artematopus, and as Lacordaire has already in- 
dicated the tribe, his name, Artematopini, should be adopted. The defi- 
nition of the tribe must, however, be modified in accordance with the 
views already expressed by me (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1880, p. 77). 

CLERIDAE. 

Cymatodcra gigantea Horn, I find on comparison to be C. Hopei 
Gray. The latter name should prevail. 

C. texana Gotham, Biol. Cent. Amer. iii. 2, p. 134, is the second of 
the species indicated by me but not named in my Synopsis, Trans. Am. 
Ent. Soc. 1876, p. 230. 

Enopliurn humerale Horn. — Mr. Grorham (loc. cit. p. 184) refers this 
species to Pyticera, but drops my specific name on the ground that there 
is a humerale in Pelonium. If the genera are distinct the reasoning is 
not valid. 

CERAMBYCIDAE. 

Callidium nicofas Wht., is merely the dark form of Hylotrupes lig- 
neus Fab. 

Callidium subfasciel/um Wht., is Phymatodes varius Fab. 

Liopna dorsalis Wht., is a Lepturges, and is from Brazil and not 
United States. 

From an examination of the cabinet of Mr. H. W. Bates it became 
evident that our species referred to Pilema are really Galliums, while 
Callimus chalybaeus Lee, must receive a new generic name, and Poeci- 
lobrium has been proposed by me* to contain not only that species, but 
also Callidium rufipes Fab., of Europe. 

* Class. Col. N. A., ed. il., p. 291. 

TltANS. AMER. ENT. SOC. X (73) JULV, 1883. 



290 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

CHRYSOMELIDAE. 
HISPINI. 

The coleoptera forming this tribe of Chrysomelidae are so well 
known as not to need at present any general remarks. 

Those occurring in our fauna are divisible into several groups in the 

following manner : 

Tarsal claws simply divergent. 

Third joint of tarsus deeply bilobed. 

Antennae filiform or fusiform Microrhopalides. 

Antennae clavate. Elytra with oblique plications Octotomides. 

Third joint of tarsus not bilobed, fourth joint long. 

Antennae very short, clavate Stenopodiides. 

Tarsal claws widely divaricate. 

Antennae filiform Callispides. 

Microrhopalides. 
Form more or less oval to cuneiform. Antennae filiform, 8-11 jointed. Tarsal 
claws divergent, the claw joint projecting at most one-third its length beyond the 
deeply bilobed third joint. 

This group corresponds with the Cephalodontites of Chapuis, and the 
name has been changed because the genus from which the name has 
been derived does not appear distinct from Odontota, which Harold in 
his turn replaces by Chafepus. 

Our genera are as follows : 
Antennae with S joints, the last four being closely connate. 

Elytra oval, convex, not or feebly costate Microrliopala. 

Antennae with 11 distinct joints. Elytra costate. 

Middle tibiae straight Odontota. 

Middle tibiae curved Cliaristeua. 

HICRORHOPALA Chev. 
Head small, rounded, front slightly convex. Antennae apparently with but 8 
joints, the last four being closely united in an oblong mass. Thorax usually 
broader than long and wider at base. Elytra with rows of punctures,, the inter- 
val costiform or not. Legs short, tibiae straight, slightly broader toward the tip-- 
Third tarsal joint deeply bilobed, the fourth joint usually not longer than the 
lobes, rarely much longer. 

Microrliopala, as here constituted; contains also the species in our 
fauna referred in the books to Uroplata. There seem to be no valid 
characters for separating these genera. Certain of our species are re- 
ferred by Chapuis (Genera des Coleopteres, XI, p. o'l'l ) to a section of 
the latter genera called Pentispa, characterized by the head having five 
longitudinal grooves on the vertex. I have never observed more than 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 291 

three grooves (rnhrolineatd), often one only as in vlttata^ or with a con- 
futed punctuation (some specimens of Xereuc). In his essay on the 
Chrysomelidae (Proc. Acad. 1873, p. 82) Crotch included Octotoma in 
Microrhopala. The genus seems sufficiently marked to retain as dis- 
tinct. Our species, although not numerous, are not easily separable in 
tabular form. The following table will assist in their recognition : 

Terminal joint of tarsi very little or not longer than the lobes of the third ; an- 

tennal club elongate 2. 

Terminal joint of tarsi nearly twice as long as the lobes of the third; antennal 

club rather short 10. 

2. — Elytra with eis;ht series of punctures only •">. 

Elytra with more than eight series 9. 

3. — Joints 2-6 of antennae nearly smooth and glabrous \ it lata. 

Joints 2-6 roughly sculptured and somewhat hairy 4. 

4. — Body above bicolored, thorax generally with lateral red stripe, elytra visually 

vittate 5. 

Body above entirely blue or slightly greenish 6. 

Body above bicolored, elytra yellow, apical half and suture black, 

dimidiata. 
5. — Surface above and beneath black, rarely feebly bronzed Xerene. 

Surface above and beneath bright blue. 

Thorax with lateral red vitta, elytral vitta narrow rubroliiieata. 

Thorax without vitta, elytral vitta broad \ uliicrata. 

6. — Thorax not or very little wider at base than apex floridana. 

Thorax gradually wider from apex to base 7. 

7. — The rows of punctures regular and distinct 8. 

Rows of punctures very irregular, the punctures large and confluent, 

Erebus. 
8. — Punctures of the outer rows much larger and of more irregular size than the 

inner cxcavata. 

Punctures of all the rows equal and distinct cyauea. 

9. — The interval between the third and fourth costae with four series of punctures 

near the apex; form slender, parallel porcata. 

10. — Above and beneath black molilalia. 

Above reddish yellow, elytra maculate with black, thorax on each side with 
a distinct basal impression jflelsheimeri. 

As the species are for the most part common and well-known, detailed 
descriptions seem unnecessary, and only the more important characters 
and variations will be mentioned. 

]>I. \ ittata Fab. — Oblong ovate, bluish black, head, thorax, base of femora, 
elytral vitta and narrower side margin red. Antennae nearly smooth to the sixth 
joint. Front unisulcate. Elytra with eight series of punctures arranged in pairs, 
the alternate intervals broader and slightly more convex. Length .20-. 26 inch: 
y-6.5 millim. 

Var. laetula Lee, has the head and thorax more clearly red than in 
the Eastern forms. Kansas to Oregon. 



292 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

Var. . A specimen from Colorado has the elytra entirely 

black, without vitta, the head is also fuscous. 

Occurs everywhere in our territory except in the Arizona region. 

M. «liiiii<lisitii n. sp. — Black, above yellow, median space of thorax, sutural 
stripe and apical half of the elytra black. Antennae black, third joint scarcely 
longer than the fourth. Vertex sulcate, bronzed. Thorax gradually broader to 
base. Sides at middle subangulate, disc convex cribrately punctured. Elytra 
nearly parallel, very slightly broader behind, apices conjointly rounded, the mar- 
gin serrate, disc with eight rows of coarse deep punctures separated by three well- 
marked costae. Legs black. Length .20 inch ; 5 millim. 

This species differs entirely in the style of coloration from any in our 
fauna and approaches the Mexican type of Hispidae. I have in my 
cabinet a Mexican species closely resembling the present, which differs in 
the elytra at tip, more strongly dentate and the thorax has on each side 
an elongate smooth callus. 

Occurs in Texas. 

M. Xerene Newrn. — Black, sides of,thorax and elytral vitta reddish yellow. 
Front usually coarsely punctured, rarely with traces of grooves. Elytra with 
eight regular rows of deeply impressed punctures, the intervals between them 
slightly alternating. Length .16-.20 inch; 4-5 millim. 

Var. interrupta Couper. — In this form the vitta is interrupted. The 
species otherwise is very little variable. 

Occurs in the Atlantic region and Canada. I have not seen speci- 
mens from west of the Mississippi. 

M. riihro! i ii<-;itu Mann. — Body above and beneath blue, sides of thorax 
and elytral vitta reddish-yellow. Head distinctly grooved. Length .16-.20 inch ; 
4-5 millim. 

Var. signaticollis Lee. — This form has the elytral vitta entirely wanting. Numer- 
ous specimens have been observed in which the vitta extends but half the length 
of the elytra. 

This species is closely related to the preceding and differs by very 
slieht characters which are, however, constant. It will also be observed 
that the margin of the elytra near the apex is very distinctly serrate in 
this species. 

Occurs in California. 

IH. viiliioratH n. sp. — Form of the preceding species, above and beneath 
blue, elytra with a yellowish-red vitta, which is broader toward the base. Front 
sulcate. Thorax entirely blue, punctures coarse and deep, but distinct, not con- 
fluent. Elytra with margin serrulate near the apex, disc with eight equal rows 
of coarse deep punctures, the intervals equal; vitta extending about two-thirds 
the length of the elytra, and at its basal half suddenly wider and reaching nearly 
to the side margin. Length .14-. IS inch ; 3.5-4.5 millim. 

Although closely related to rubroliiieata the present species has the 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 293 

thorax entirely blue, and the punctuation more regular and not conflu- 
ent. The elytral vitta is also a constant difference. 
Occurs in Arizona. 

II. floridana Schwarz. — Above and beneath dark blue, nearly black. 
Vertex sulcate. Thorax broader than long, sides nearly parallel, coarsely, deeply 
and somewhat confluently punctured. Elytra with eight rows of coarse punc- 
tures, the punctures of the four inner rows larger and more elongate than the 
others, the alternate intervals very slightly more elevated. Lateral margin scarcely 
visibly serrulate. Length .IS inch ; 4.5 millim. 

The form of the thorax will distinguish this from the following: uni- 
formly blue species. 

Occurs in Florida. 

M. excavata Oliv. (Pluto Newm.). — Bluish black, moderately shining. 
Front sulcate. Thorax distinctly wider at base, the disc coarsely and irregularly 
punctured. Elytra with eight rows of coarse deep punctures, the two inner rows 
less deep and somewhat confused, the intervals sometimes slightly elevated, 
usually flat, margin of elytra serrulate. Length .20 inch; 5 millim. 

In this species there is considerable variation of elytral sculpture, so 
great that I had supposed two distinct forms existed. Certain specimens 
have the costae slightly indicated and may be considered the typical 
forms, others again have no trace of costae. A form occurs in Texas 
without costae, with the rows of punctures quite regular, these approach 
very closely to a/aiiea. 

Occurs from Canada to Georgia and Texas. 

M. Erebus Newm. — Bluish black, feebly shining. Vertex sulcate. Thorax 
broader behind, coarsely and deeply cribrate. Elytra with the series of punctures 
much confused, the punctures very large and somewhat confluent, especially at 
the sides, margin of elytra serrulate. Length .18-. 2(1 inch; 4.5-5 millim. 

This species carries to the greatest extreme the irregularity of the 
elytral punctures, as well as their size and depth. It is very rare that 
any specimen exhibits an entire row of punctures. There being no regu- 
lar rows of punctures the intervals are consequently never costiform. 

Occurs in Florida. 

HI. cyanea Say.— Bluish black, sometimes slightly bronzed, shining. Ver- 
tex sulcate. Thorax broader at base, coarsely and deeply punctured. Elytra 
with eight regular rows of equal punctures, the intervals equal and never cari- 
nate, margin not serrulate. Length .24 inch; 6 millim. 

Occurs in Missouri, Colorado and Texas. I have seen a specimen 
marked New York. 

The preceding four species of uniform dark blue color are very puzz- 
ling and difficult to separate, and with a greater or less amount of mate- 
rial will give rise to differences of opinion as to whether the number 
four should be increased or diminished. My first study of the series, 

(74; 



294 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

several years ago, seemed very unsatisfactory, but ou resuming it for the 
completion of the present work, I have not modified the notes made at 
that time. 

ill. porcata Mels. — Black, without lustre. Vertex distinctly silicate. Thorax 
quadrate, sides slightly arcuate, surface cribrate. Elytra nearly parallel, each 
distinctly tricostate, the intervals biseriately punctured, except between the sec- 
ond and third, in which four rows of punctures are observed at the apical fourth, 
becoming confused at the base, margin not serrate. Length .12 inch; ; : i millim. 

By its slender form this species resembles a Charistena, but the tibiae 
are straight and gradually broader to tip. 

Occurs from Pennsylvania to Illinois, but rare. 

HI. molilalia n. sp.— Form moderately robust, black, without lustre. Ver- 
tex distinctly sulcate. Thorax slightly transverse, not wider behind, sides mod- 
erately arcuate, disc convex, coarsely but very regularly punctured. Elytra 
distinctly tricostate, the intervals between the costae with a double series of coarse 
punctures, that between the two outer costae with four rows of punctures, distinct 
near the apex and separated by a slight costa, confused near the base. Fourth 
tarsal joint much longer than the lobes of the third. Length .10 inch ; 2.5 millim. 

This species and the next agree in having the fourth tarsal joint nearly 
twice as long as the lobes of the third. The antennae are also shorter 
than usual in the genus and the terminal joints more decidedly capitate. 

Occurs in Montana. 

HI. Melsheimeri Cr. (Odontota Hardyi Ct\). — Beneath piceous, above red- 
dish yellow, maculate. Vertex sulcate. Thorax nearly quadrate, sides feebly 
arcuate, disc convex coarsely and deeply punctured, usually a median smooth 
callus and a vague impression on each side at base, color sometimes uniformly 
reddish yellow, occasionally maculate with piceous spots. Elytra sculptured as in 
the preceding species, color reddish yellow, maculate, with piceous spots arranged 
in oblique series, sometimes confluent in oblique fasciae. Legs reddish yellow. 
Fourth tarsal joint elongate. Length .12 inch; 3 millim. 

Occurs in the Atlantic region, also in California. 

The characters used for the separation of the genera of Hispidae are 
for the most part feeble. These two species are probably as much en- 
titled to separation as a distinct genus as Octotoma or Charistena, but in 
a fauna like our own in which the representation is limited there seems 
little use in multiplying names. 

ODONTOTA Chevr. 
The generic name here adopted is chosen rather in deference to the 
limited tradition of the science in this country, than from a conviction 
that it will ultimately prevail. In the group Cephalodontides, as defined 
by Chapius, four genera tire given in which the antennae have the eleven 
joints quite distinctly separated, these are Odontota, Cephalodonta, Char- 
istena and Auoplitis. The first is distinguished by the prominence of 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 295 

the head in front of the antennae, the second has antennae one-third 
longer than the thorax and rather .slender, while Charistena has curved 
middle tibiae. The latter genus seems fairly established. Odontota and 
Anoplitis differ only in the description by the prominence of the head 
of the former. In studying our species I do not find the character valid, 
in other words, it is evanescent. Cephalodonta does not occur in our 
fauna, and a discussion of its value would be premature without speci- 
mens.* In the Hispidae, as in many other parts of the Coleoptera, 
classification has been too much diluted by unnecessary genera. 

The following table gives a summary of the species known in our 
fauna : 

Elytra with ten series of punctures 2. 

Elytra with eight series of punctures fi. 

2. — Elytra not costate, form narrow, parallel colBari*. 

Elytra costate '■'■. 

3. — Elytra with two costae only, first and third, the latter being feeble, apex 

coarsely serrate or even dentate omogera. 

Elytra with three entire costae only 4. 

4. — Elytra black, at most with reddish humeri. 

Body beneath black, thorax red with discal dark space. 

Humeri red, thorax distinctly flattened posteriorly *ca pillar ix. 

Elytra entirely black, thorax convex iiotata. 

Body beneath red, thorax red, elytra black bicolor. 

Elytra reddish yellow, sutural stripe black dorsalis. 

5. — Thorax very much broader at base than apex, elytra somewhat expanded at 

tip rubra. 

Thorax very little wider at base, elytra not expanded at tip...calitbrnica. 
6. — Elytra gradually wider behind, somewhat expanded at apex, surface variably 

maculate with piceous nervosa. 

Form slender parallel, color yellowish, elytra with narrow sutural strip and 
side margin blue-black gracilis. 

O. collaris Say. — Slender, parallel, piceous, thorax red, elytra blue. Vertex 
not sulcate. Thorax transverse, widest at middle, sides arcuate, disc convex with 
an ante-scutellar depression, surface eribrate. Elytra with ten rows of equal 
punctures, closely placed without costae. the interval between the first and second 
pairs of rows a little wider, corresponding with the usual first costa, margin finely 
serrulate. Length .22-. 24 inch ; 5.5-6 millim. 
Occurs in Colorado and Illinois. 

O. omogera Cr. — Cuneiform, black, opaque, thorax in pari and humeral 
spoi red. Vertex sulcate. Thorax widest at base, subangulate at middle, coarsely 
and deeply punctured, disc flattened posteriorly, the depression limited each side 
by a slight umbone and posteriorly by a transverse ridge : color red, sides and de- 

* In the Munich Catalogue, p. 3613, the authors go a step further in uniting all 
these genera with Chalepus (excepting Cephalodonta), while Chapuis considers 
Chalepus as a mere section of Cephalodonta. The name being much the older 
should have taken priority over that of which it is considered -a part. 



296 GEO. II. HORN, M. D. 

pressed space piceous. Elytra broader toward the apex, the margin of which is 
explanate and rather strongly toothed, the suture slightly retracted; disc with 
ten rows of punctures, the first pair separated from the others by a strong smooth 
costa extending from the basal margin to the apex, a fainter costa also exists at 
the usual position of the third costa. Length .30-.32 inch : 7.5-8 millim. 

This species extends southward from Arizona to Mexico and Central 
America. It may possibly be described under an older name from the 
latter countries, but at the time Crotch described the species we were un- 
able to satisfy ourselves that this was the case. 

O. scapularis Oliv. — Robust cuneiform, black, thorax in great part and 
humeral angles of elytra red. Vertex punctured. Thorax widest at base, sides 
arcuate or feebly subangulate, disc convex, slightly depressed posteriorly with the 
ante-scutellar transverse ridge, surface coarsely and deeply punctured, color red, 
a median piceous space. Elytra serrulate at apex, ten rows of punctures, each 
elytron tricostate, the second and third costae separated by four rows of punc- 
tures. Legs black, femora at basal third sometimes red. Length .22-.2Sinch; 
5.5-7 millim. 

Occurs from the Middle States to Arizona. The Eastern specimens 
are always smaller and have a darker thorax. 

O. notata Oliv. — Very like the preceding species in form, but differs in the 
thorax being more regularly convex with scarcely any trace of posterior fiatten r 
ing, and the dark space of the surface is limited to a well defined central spot. 
The elytra are entirely black, and the punctures of the rows are 'less deep and 
less approximated, and the rows themselves less crowded together. Length .24- 
.26 inch; 6-6.5 millim. 

Occurs in Georgia and Florida. 

O. bicolor Oliv. — Form rather slender, beneath bright red, head, antennae, 
elytra and legs black. Vertex sulcate. Thorax very little wider at base, sides 
obtusely subangulate, disc convex with scarcely any trace of posterior depression, 
cribrately punctured. Scutellum red. Margin of elytra serrulate, disc punc- 
tured and costate as in scapularis. Body beneath bright red. Legs black, the 
bases of the femora usually red. Length .24 inch ; 6 millim. 

This species differs also from the others in having the second joint of 
the antennae fully as large as the third. It is also less cuneiform, ap- 
proaching collaris in shape. 

Occurs in the Middle and Western States. 

O. dorsalis Thunb. — Black, thorax and elytra reddish yellow, the latter 
with a common sutural piceous vitta. Vertex coarsely punctured. Thorax wider 
at base, sides arcuate, disc cribrately punctured and with faint depression pos- 
teriorly. Elytra striate and costate as in scapularis, margin finely serrulate. 
Length .24-.26 inch ; 6-6.5 millim. 

The only variation in this species is in the width of the sutural vitta. 
This is usually broader behind, sometimes it is very narrow and parallel, 
and still more rarely wider at the base. 

Occurs in the Middle and Southern States. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 297 

The name above used has been taken from the Munich Catalogue. 
The description is unknown to me. 

O. rubra. Weber. — Broadly cuneiform, depressed, elytra broader at apex, 
color above rose red or reddish yellow, the elytra slightly clouded with darker 
spaces. Vertex punctured. Thorax much broader behind, sides nearly straight, 
coarsely and deeply punctured, slightly depressed posteriorly. Elytra broader 
at apex, which is obtuse, the margin explanate and serrate, disc with ten rows of 
punctures and three entire rather strong costae; between the second and third 
costae a shorter one which starts from the humeral umbone and joins the second, 
and a shorter which starts from the third near the apex and extends forward. 
Length .24-.26 inch ; 6-fi.5 millim. 

The under side of the body varies in color from piceous to pale red. 

This species is widely diffused, specimens have been seen even from 
California. 

O. calil'ornica n. sp. — Beneath piceous, above reddish yellow, nearly as in 
rubra. Vertex with longitudinal impression. Thorax a little wider posteriorly, 
disc coarsely and deeply punctured, slightly flattened near the base, sides nearly 
straight or slightly sinuate. Elytra gradually wider posteriorly, the apical mar- 
gin feebly explanate and finely serrate, disc with rows of punctures and costae as 
in rubra. Length .18 inch: 4.5 millim. 

This species might be mistaken for the smaller forms of rubra. It 
differs, however, in having the thorax much less dilated posteriorly, and 
the elytra have not the rather abrupt expansion of the apex. In rubra 
the thorax at base is nearly twice as wide as the apex, in the present 
species not more than one- fourth wider. The elytral costae while they 
preserve the type of rubra are much less elevated. 

Occurs in California and Arizona. 

O. nervosa Panz.— Color variable. Vertex with median sulcus. Thorax 
about one-third wider at base than apex, sides nearly straight, anterior angles 
often prominent and dentiform, disc coarsely and deeply punctured. Elytra 
elongate quadrate, slightly areuately broader posteriorly, margin feebly serrulate, 
surface with eight rows of punctures separated by three entire costae, the first 
distinctly broader. Length .14-. 16 inch; 3.5-4 millim. 

This species is extremely variable in color. The under side may be 
either piceous or entirely pale. The head is usually dark, thorax often 
pale, usually more or less maculate with piceous. The elytra are some- 
times pale, with slight traces of darker spaces resembling in this respect 
rubra, or the surface may be black with a few indistinct yellow spots. 
The more common form has yellow elytra with piceous spots arranged as 
follows: At scutellum and humeri, two spots on the first costa and one 
opposite them at the side margin, a spot at the outer apical angle. These 
often become connected by oblique extensions. The great number of 
variations have given this species a large synonomy. 

Occurs everywhere in the Eastern regions, also in Arizona. 

TttA.NS. AMKH. KNT. SOC. X. (75) JULY, 1883. 



298 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

O. gracilis n. sp. — Slender, parallel, reddish yellow, suture of elytra and a 
narrow space at the side bluish black. Vertex vaguely sulcate. Thorax quad- 
rate, scarcely wider than long, base very little wider than apex, sides feebly arcu- 
ate, disc convex, coarsely but not densely punctuate. Elytra parallel, not wider 
at apex, margin finely serrulate, disc with eight rows of punctures separated by 
three entire costae. Body beneath pale. Legs pale, tarsi piceous. Antennae 
piceous. Length .14 inch; 3.5 millim. 

This species has more nearly the form of Charistena. The colors re- 
call those of dorsalis. 

One specimen, Columbus, Texas. 

CHARISTENA Baly. 
Antennae 11-jointed, first joint stout, oval, second longer, third longer than the 
second, 4-6 gradually shorter, 7—1 1 distinct, stouter than the others but closely 
articulated. Head small, front not prominent. Eyes moderate, finely granu- 
lated. Thorax usually subcylindrical, margin indistinct. Elytra elongate, par- 
allel, apex rounded, disc tricostate. with eight rows of coarse punctures in pairs. 
Legs moderate, intermediate tibiae strongly arcuate, the inner apical angle acute, 
slightly prolonged. Tarsi dilated, densely pubescent beneath, first joint triangu- 
lar, rather small, second reniform, third deeply bilobed, fourth almost entirely 
between the lobes of the third, claws feebly curved divergent. 

This genus founded by Dr. Baly, has been suppressed by Gemminger & 
Harold in their Catalogus into Chalepm (Anoplitis, Odontota) without, 
it seems to me, any valid Treason, the characters on which it is based 
being of at least equal value to any of those on which the other genera 
of this group are separated. 

Our species are as follows : 
Body above unieolorous, bluish or black. 

Femora feebly serrulate, third joint of antennae not elongate nigrita. 

Femora distinctly serrulate, third joint of antennae longer than second, 

perspicua. 
Body above bicolored. Thorax red, with base and apex black. 

Thorax longer than wide ...Ariadne. 

Thorax transverse L.ecoutei. 

Cli. nigrita Oliv.— Moderately elongate, feebly shining, subopaque, black, 
with at most a feeble violaceous lustre. Thorax longer than wide, sides feebly 
arcuate in front, subparallel behind, surface coarsely and deeply punctured. Ely- 
tra wider than the thorax, subparallel, apex obtusely rounded, with the margin 
feebly serrulate, disc feebly depressed, each with three discal costae, and the 
suture and margin moderately elevated, between the costae two rows of large 
deep punctures. Abdomen nearly smooth. Legs black. Length .15 inch ; 3.75 
millim. 

The intermediate femora are very finely serrulate beneath. The third 
joint of the antennae is not longer than the second. 

This species is widely distributed over the Atlantic region. 

Cll. perspicua n. sp.— Moderately elongate, shining, black, upper surface 
with verv distinct bluish lustre Thorax longer than wide, sides very feebly arcu- 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 2 " 

ate. disc moderately convex, with a distinct transverse basal impression surface 
coarsely and deeply punctate. Elytra wider than the thorax, subparallel, apices 
obtusely rounded with the margin serrulate, disc tricostate, the costae with the 
suture and margin moderately elevated and between them two rows of coarse 
peep punctures. Body beneath smooth, shining. Legs black. Length .22 inch , 

5.5 millim. ... i . .i 

* The intermediate femora are much more distinctly serrulate than m 
the preceding species, and the third joint of the antennae is longer than 
the second, and about equal to the fourth and fifth together. These 
characters with the greater distinctness of the basal thoracic impression, 
the larger size and 'color serve to distinguish this species from the pre- 
ceding. 

Occurs in Arizona and New Mexico. 

Ch Ariadne Newm.-Moderately elongate and shining, elytra distinctly 
blue, thorax red, usually margined with black at apex and base. Thorax a little 
wider than long, sides feebly arcuate in front, subparallel behind, disc moderately 
convex with a feeble basal impression, surface coarsely and deeply punctured. 
Elytra as in nigrita. Legs black. Intermediate femora scarcely visibly serru- 
late. Length .15 inch; 3.75 millim. 

The third joint of the antennae is nearly as long as the second, and is 
intermediate in this respect between the two preceding species. 

Occurs in Florida and appears to be rare. 

Ch Lecontei Baly.— Very similar to the preceding in color and sculpture. 
It has* however, a wider thorax, the base of which is transversely impressed and 
the disc at middle subcarinate. Length .20 inch ; 5 millim. 

Occurs in Florida, rare. Unknown to me. 

OCTOTOM1DES. 

Form oblong, depressed, obtuse and dilated posteriorly. Antennae short, 
8-jointed,the last two forming an elongate oval club. Tarsal claws d.vergent. 
Elytra with short oblique plicae, the intervals punctured. 
OCTOTOMA Suff. 
Antennae as long as head and thorax, first two joints oval, the second smaller. 
third cylindrical a little longer. 4-6 shorter, each slightly broader and shorter 
than the preceding, seventh obconical, eighth oval, subacute at tip, these two 
forming an elongate club. Femora moderate, distinctly sinuate beneath near Up, 
tibiae curved at base, the anterior more dilated than the others and with the outer 
edge sinuate. Tarsi dilated, densely pubescent beneath, first joint triangular, 
small, second broad and very deeply emarginate, third as long as the first two 
and deeply bilobed, fourth but little longer than the lobes of the third, prolonged 
at tip in an inter-unqual process, claws moderate, feebly curved. 

Our species differ from the generic description given by Chapuis in the 
form of the femora and tibi* That author states that the femora have 
a dentiform process beneath near the tip, and that all the tibiae are slen- 
der. In our species they are as described above and the differences may 
be specific only. 



300 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

O. plictitlllst Fall.— Oblong, dilated posteriorly, pieeous black, opaque. 
Head yellowish, occiput black. Antennae rufous, club darker. Thorax yellow- 
ish, disc and sides pieeous, transverse, anterior angles prominent in front, behind 
them the sides are deeply sinuate, the three-fourths posterior to the sinuation 
straight and deeply convergent, surface coarsely punctured and with a T-shaped 
callosity in the middle of the disc. Scutellum yellow. Elytra oblong, dilated at 
apex, each at tip obliquely truncate, more prolonged at the suture, base broader 
than the thorax, humeri obtuse, entire margin denticulate, disc flattened, surface 
with numerous acutely elevated, short, oblique plications more or less anastomos- 
ing, the intervals punctured. Legs pieeous, the femora and tibiae at base and tip 
paler. Length .18 inch; 4.5 millim. 

This species is widely distributed, but rare. Occurring in Illinois, 
South Carolina and Texas. Its peculiar sculpture and clavate antennae 
make it one of the most easily known species in our fauna. 

O. margiiiicollis n. sp. — Beneath pieeous, above yellowish, apical half of 
the elytra brown. Antennae pale yellow, the third joint nearly as long as the 
two following together. Head feebly punctured. Thorax nearly twice as wide as 
long at middle, sides nearly straight behind, arcuate in front and slightly sinuate 
behind the prominent front angles, lateral margin narrowly explanate and trans- 
lucent, especially in front, disc slightly convex, vaguely depressed posteriorly, 
surface coarsely cribrately punctured. Elytra elongate, quadrate, arcuately nar- 
rowed at middle and rather abruptly dilated at apex, margin serrate, surface with 
elevated ridges formed as follows : An irregular carina begins at the base within 
the humeral angle and extends somewhat sinuously to the middle, where it ab- 
ruptly forms an intricate network of strongly elevated ridges, extending over 
nearly the entire apical half of the elytra, on each side a short distance from the 
apex of the suture is a lam ini form tubercle, between the ridges the surface is 
coarsely punctured, cribrate at the basal portion of the elytra. Legs yellowish, 
femora and tibiae broadly annulate, with brown at middle. Length .20 inch: 5 
millim. Plate IX, fig. !>. 

This species is larger and relatively broader than plicatula. It differs 
primarily in color and very obviously in sculpture. In the preceding 
species the elytra are covered with oblique plications, but in the present 
species the elevations are confined to the apical half of the elytra and are 
more irregularly sinuous instead of oblique plications. 

Occurs in Arizona. 

Stenopodiides. 
Form oval, moderately robust. Elytra with alternate intervals feebly more 
convex. Antennae very short, extending but very little behind the anterior mar- 
gin of thorax, 8-jointed, last two joints forming an elongate oval club. Tarsi not 
dilated, clothed beneath with silken hairs, third joint not bilobed, scarcely emar- 
ginate. fourth joint as long as the others together, moderately stont, claws rather 
long, feebly curved, divergent. 

This assemblage of characters defines a'very distinct group, and the 
structure of the tarsi has nothing approaching it as far as known among 
the Phytophaga, except in Haemonio . Can it be possible that the pres- 
ent insect is subaquatic in its habits in the manner of that genus ? 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 301 

STENOPODIU8 n. g. 

Head small, vertex not prominent, front vertical. Labrum short, truncate; 
mentum narrow, elongate ; palpi slender, the last joint of the maxillaries longer 
than the preceding united. Eyes Large, oval. Antennae short, passing very 
slightly i lie anterior margin of (lie thorax, firsi joint, subglobular,' second longer, 
obconical; •". 6 equal, as broad as long; seventh obconical, broader than longj 
eighth in form of an oval obtusely pointed mass, with the sutures handy visible. 
Thorax broader than Long, base very little wider than apex, sides feebly arcuate, 

apical margin Slightly prolonged at middle and sinuate on each side. Seutellum 

broader than Long, truncate at tip. Elytra oval, one third Longer than wide, 
apices conjointly rounded, surface with eight rows of punctures on each, the 
alternate intervals slightly broader and very feebly more convex. Legs moderate, 
glabrous. Tarsi not dilated, with shorl silken hairs beneath, each two-thirds the 
length of its tibia, firs! Hire*' joints nearly equal in Length, the third emarginate 

above, fourth as lonn as the others together, with the feebly areualo claws nearly 
half the length of the joint. 

S. Ilavidiis 11. sp. — Oval, moderately robust, glabrous, body beneath anten- 
nae and head black, upper surface and legs pale yellow. Head black, a spot above 
each eye yellow. Thorax broader than long, base very little wider than apex, 
apex prolonged at middle and slightly elevated, on each side sinuate and deeply 
impressed, sides feebly arcuate in front, subparallel at basal two-thirds, with an 
extremely feeble trace of sinuation, base feebly lobed at middle, sinuate on each 
side, surface coarsely, deeply and rather closely punctured with a small fovea 
.it each anterior angle. Elytra wider than the thorax, oval, one-third Longer than 
wide, sides very slightly arcuate, margin feebly serrate, disc convex, each with 

eight rOWS of Coarse punctures, intervals narrow. each alternate slightly widerand 

very little more convex. Body beneath black, shining, abdomen sparsely punc 
tate, pygidium and a spot on each side of the last ventral yellow. Length .16 

inch : 1 millim. PI. I X, tig. s. 

In form tltis species is shorter and more robust than any in our fauna. 
The peculiar characters are so many as to make it probably the most 
easily recognized known Bispide. 'I lie form of the apex of the thorax 
is especially noteworthy, from the facl that (lie depression along the mar 
gin on each side of a slight median elevation, appears to lie for the recep- 
tion of the club of the antennae when at rest. Tin's latter character, 
together with the aspect of the surface ami the struct lire of the tarsi, 
render it probable thai the species is snbaipiatic in its habits. 

Occurs in California and Arizona. 

Callispides. 
Form elongate, subcylindrical. Antennae filiform, eleven-jointed. Tarsi dilated, 
densely pubescent beneath, third joint deeply bilobed, claws divaricate. First 

ventral suture nearly obliterated at middle. Elytra with striae" of punctures. 

One genus is known in our fauna. 

STEMSPA Baly. 

Antennae 1 1 -jointed, first joint small, subglobular, second obconical. a little 
longer, third cylindrical nearly as long as the lirsl two, 4-10 suboqual, clovenl h 
longer and subacute at tip. Head small, front concave with an inter-a liten n.-i 1 

(76) 



302 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

carina. Eyes oval, finely granulated. Thorax quadrangular. Scutellum oval, 
acute at tip. Elytra subcylindrical, slightly narrowed at tip. Femora stout, tibiae 
not arcuate, but slightly flattened. Tarsi dilated, densely pubescent beneath, 
first joint triangular, as large as the second, second feebly emarginate, third deeply 
bilobed, fourth nearly half projecting beyond the third, with rather stout, moder- 
ately arcuate divaricate claws. Metasternal episterna very narrow at middle. 

Two species occur in our fauna. 

Black with a slight bronze tinge metal 1 ica. 

Black with slight bluish tinge, thorax red collaris. 

S. metallica Fab. — Subcylindrical, elongate, black, shining, with slight 
bronze tinge. Thorax a little longer than wide, sides at anterior angles feebly 
arcuate, posteriorly straight, with a very feeble trace of sinuation, surface very 
sparsely punctate. Elytra with ten rows of moderately fine punctures and a short 
scutellar row. Body beneath shining, very sparsely punctate. Length .20-. 24 
inch ; 5—6 millim. 

Occurs from the New England States to Texas. 

S. collaris Baly. — Subcylindrical, elongate, black, with slight bluish tinge, 
thorax red. Thorax quadrate, sides at anterior angles feebly arcuate, posteriorly 
straight and parallel, surface sparsely punctate. Elytra as in metallica. Body 
beneath black, sparsely punctate. Length .26 inch ; 6.5 millim. 

This species is somewhat stouter in appearance than the preceding, 

and differs in form of thorax and different color. 

Occurs from Michigan to Texas. 



Bibliography and Synonymy. 

MICRORHOPALA Baly. 
M. vittata Fab., Ent. Syst. Suppl. p. 117 ; Oliv. Ent. vi, p. 770, No. 95, pi. ii, fig. 
20 ; Crotch, Proc. Acad, 1873, p. 82. 
laetula Lee, Col. Kans. 1859, p. 27. 
M. dimidiata n. sp. 

M. Xerene Newm., Ent. Mag. v, 1838, p. 390 ; Baly, Ann. Nat. Hist. 1864, p. 269 ; 
Crotch, loc. cit. p. 82. 
interrupta Couper, Can. Nat. 1865, p. 63. 
M. rubrolineata Mann., Bull. Mosc. 1843, ii, p. 307; Crotch, loe. cit. p. S2. 

signaticollis Lee, Proc. Acad. 1859, p. 82. 
M. vulnerata n. sp. 

M. floridana Schwarz, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc. 1878, p. 369. 
M. Erebus Newm., Entomologist, 1841, p. 77. 

M. excavata Oliv.. Ent. vi, p. 775, No. 95, pi. ii. fig. 29; Crotch, Proc. Acad- 1st;. 
p. 83. 
Pluto Newm., Entom. 1841, p. 77. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 

83. 



303 



M. cyanea Say. Journ. Acad, iii, p. 433; Crotch, loc. cit. p. 

Hecate Newm., Entom. 1841, p. 77. 
M. porcata Mels., Proc. Acad, iii, p. 161 s Crotch, loc. cit. p. 83. 
M. montana n. sp. 
M. Melsheimeri Crotch, Proc. Acad. 1 873, p. 83. 

Hardyi Cr. (Odontota), Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1874, p. 80. 

ODONTOTA Chevr. 
0. collaris Say, Joum. Acad, iii, p. 433. 

Walshii Crotch, Proc. Acad. 1873, p. 81. 
0. emergen Cr loe. eft. p 80. ^ ^ ^ ^ 

0. scapularis Oliv., Ent. vi, 7ob, jno. ya, pi- >, s > 

ta/erata Say, Journ. Acad, iii, p. 431. 
0. notata Oliv.: loc. cit, p. 774, pi. ii, fig. 26 ; Crotch loc. cit. p. 81 
O.bicolor Oliv., Encyc. Meth. vii, 1792, p 96; Ent. v, P§ 774, pi. n, fig. 27 , 
Kirby, Fauna Bor. Am. iv, p. 227; Crotch, loc. cit. p. 81. 
Bacchus Newm., Entom. 1841, p. 76. 
0. dorsalis Thunb., Getting. Gel. Anz. 1805, p. 282 

scutellaris Oliv., Ent. vi, p. 771, pi. ii, fig- 21 ; Crotch, loc. cit. p. 81. 
snturalis J Harr., Ins. Inj. Veg. 2d ed. p. 98. 
0. rubra Weber, Obs. Ent. 1801, p. 60; Crotch, loc. cit. p. 81. 

quadrata Fab., Syst.El. ii, p. 66; Oliv., Ent. v., p. 7,4, pi. u, fig- 28. 
marginata Say, Long's Exped. ii, p. 292. 
pallipes Germ., Ins. spec. nov. p. 529. 
O. californica n. sp. 

nervosa Panz., Ed. Voet. iv, 1798, Vorber et p. 92, Front fig. 1. 
inaequalis Weber, Obs. Ent. 1801, p. 65. 
rosea Weber, loc. cit. p. 66 ; Crotch, loc. cit. p. 81. 
suturaUs Fab., Syst. El. ii. p. 63 ; Oliv., Ent. vi, p. 777, p. n, fig. ,2. 
flavipes Germ., Ins. spec. nov. 1824, p. 529. 
obsoleta et pallida Say, Journ. Acad, iii, p. 432. 
Philemon et Baucis Newm., Ent. Mag. v, 1838, p. 390. 
O. gracilis n. sp. 

CHARISTENA Baly. 
• -. nv T^t vi n 778 ul ii, fig. 35 ; Baly, Trans. Ent. Soc. London, 
C nigrita Oliv., Ent. vi, p. <<», P 1 - "> "&• > 
Series ii, Vol. iii, p. 252; Crotch, loc. cit. p. 81. 

C. KSTlT-%*- 1841, P. 7, > B*, loc. A p. W, Cr.tc.,, ,oc. cit. p. 83. 

C. Lecontei Baly, loc. cit. p. 252. 

0CT0T0MA Suffr. 

0. plicatula Fab., Sys, El. ii, p. 63 ; Oliv., Ent. vi, p. 776, pi. ii, fig- 3! ; Crotch, 

loc. cit. p. 83. 

0. marginicollis n. sp. 

STENOPODIUS Horn. 

S. flavidus n. sp. 

STENISPA Baly. 
S. metallica Fab., Syst. El. ii, p. 66 ; Oliv., Ent. vi, p. 777, pL ii, fig- 33 : Baly, 
Cat. Hisp. p. 14, pi. iv. fig. 4 ; Crotch, loc. cit. p. 80. 
brevicollis Rand. (La?iguria), Boat. Journ. n, p. 48. 
S. collaris Baly. Cat. p. L63 ; Crotch, loc. cit. p. 80. 



304 GEO. II. HORN. 31. D. 

AS! DA Latr. 
A. msicra n. sp. — Form slender, resembling Eleodes extricata. Black, mode- 
rately shining. Head coarsely and on the occiput densely punctured. Thorax 
at the sides longer than wide, narrower in front than at base, sides feebly arcuate 
and obtusely margined, hind angles acute and slightly divergent, disc slightly 
convex, sparsely punctured at middle, confluently punctured near the sides, base 
very feebly bisinuate. Elytra not wider at base than the thorax, sides not mar- 
gined, humeral angle slightly reflexed. oval, broadest behind the middle, surface 
sparsely punctured and slightly wrinkled. Prothorax beneath coarsely punc- 
tured, abdomen subopaque, scabrous. Length .54 inch ; 13.5millim. PI. IX, fig. 10. 

This species is the most slender at present known in our fauna, and is 
the only one with the thorax gradually narrowed from base to apex 
with nearly straight sides. 

Collected by Prof. Snow in New Mexico, occurs also in Arizona. 

EUSATTUS Lee. 

E. polittlS n. sp.— Oval, very little longer than wide, convex, black, shin- 
ing. Head very sparsely punctate in front. Thorax very narrowly margined, 
base bisinuate, the hind angles obtuse, surface sparsely punctate at the sides, 
nearly smooth at middle. Elytra with very fine punctures, very remotely placed, 
sides rounded not margined, the epipleurae gradually wider from apex to base. 
Presternum coarsely punctured in front, the intercoxal process and tip margined. 
Body and abdomen very sparsely and finely punctulate. Length .40 inch; 10 millim. 

This species by its smooth surface resembles laevis Lee, while its form 
is more nearly that of difficilis Lee. It differs, however, from all those 
with rounded sides to the elytra (except puberulux) in having the pres- 
ternum margined. This character I find to occur in robustus Lee. and 
costatus Horn, which have strongly margined sides to the elytra. 
Occurs at Santa Barbara, California. From C. F. Grissler. 
E. dilatatus Lee, should be united with muricatus Lee. 
E. puberulus Lee, in addition to the small scale-like hairs of the sur- 
face, differs from muricatus in having the prosternum distinctly margined. 
The following amended table will enable our species to be distin- 
guished : 

Elytra with a distinct lateral margin 2. 

Elytra not margined 5. 

2. — Epipleurae occupying the entire space below the margin ; prosternum dis- 
tinctly margined at tip robustus. 

Epipleurae narrow, suddenly broader at base 3. 

3. — Prosternum margined at tip; elytra subcostate and granular COSfaitus. 

Prosternum not margined at tip 4. 

4. — Elytra with faint costae and transverse reticulations reticulatus. 

Elytra coarsely and irregularly eroded erosus. 

5. — Prosternum margined at tip 6. 

Prosternum not margined 7. 

6. — Elytra subopaque, punctured, with fine scale-like hairs piiltei'liIllK. 

Elytra smooth, shining politus. 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. ° ' J 



.laevis. 

8. 



7 -Epipleurae suddenly broader at base: elytra smooth. 

Epipleurae gradually broader from apex to base 

8.-E P ipleurae nearly smooth ; elytra faintly punctured.... 



Epipleurae punctured and hairy prodnctusi 

y.-Form oblong; elytra finely reticulate 1 V 

Form oval ; elytra with faint traces of costae ".'„ 111 . i o-.t..V 

Form oval, verv convex, elytra submurieate • , » ,,r,c «" " 

With the exception of reticulata, which occurs on the plains, all the 
above species are found west of the Rocky Mountains, from Oregon to 
Cape St. Lucas. Other species occur in Mexico. 
CORPHYRA Say. 
In the Transactions for 1871 (p. 228-233) I gave a synopsis of the 
species then known to us, with full descriptions. In that paper four- 
teen species were admitted. After the return of Mr. Crotch from Call- 
forma in 1873, his material was placed in my hands and six new species 
were described, one of which I now believe to be a variety. At the time 
these latter were described other engagements prevented me from bring- 
ing all our species together in one table, and only those from the west 
colst were treated (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1874, pp. 40-43). 

The object of the present essay is to bring them all together with such 
short notes as will enable them to be easily recognized. 

The discovery of a new species in Nevada introduces an entirely new 
•element in the series, vis., nabellate antennae in the male with the sec- 
ond and third joints moniliform. 

Another series of characters which have been regarded in the separa- 
tion of species is found in the form of the male sexual apparatus 
(oedeaaus). These I have not attempted to describe, but the accom- 
panying sketches will give an idea of the variations. The organ is com- 
posed of two semitubular pieces, variously modified at the free end. A 
lateral view shows the organ to be more or less curved upwards near the 
tip, except in inconsficua, where it is absolutely straight. Through the 
centre of the tube formed by the lateral pieces a membranous ube 
passes, which is of somewhat denser structure near the tip. fins tube 
I capable of considerable extension and is the efferent duct, or penis 
properly speaking. The figures on PL IX, figs. 11-18 give a lateral and 
an under view of the organ; in many cases it is absolutely idenUcal in 
several species. I have not seen that of C. cyanipennu, but believe it 
will be found to resemble fig. 18. 

The modifications in the form of the end of the complex organ have 
had considerable weight in causing me to retain several species apart, 
while I have used apparently trivial characters to indxcate their differ- 

ences. 

~. july, 1883. 

tua.ns. aver. knt. soc. x. {"i 



306 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

Series A. — Antennae dissimilar in the sexes, serrate in 9 > pectinate or 
flabellate % . 

Antennae £ flabellate, joints 4-10 bearing long branches, joints 2-3 small, globu- 
lar; elytra at tip % simple ! . flab< I lata. 

Antennae % pectinate, joints 3-10 with stout branches, joint 2 small, globular ; 

elytraattip % slightly impressed 2. Crotchi. 

Series B. — Antennae subserrate in both sexes. 
Posterior tibiae of males arcuate and obliquely grooved, elytra at tip simple in 

both sexes 3. abiiormis. 

Posterior tibiae slender and similar in the sexes 2. 

2. — Elytra at tip dissimilar in the sexes, that of the male either prolonged, im- 
pressed or tipped with yellow and usually smoother 3. 

Elytra alike in the two sexes 11. 

3. — Elytra at tip % acutely caudate and tipped with yellow 4. 

Elytra simply tipped with yellow, not impressed nor bullate 5. 

Elytra at tip more or less bullate and distinctly impressed 6. 

4.— Elytra entirely black 4. distiiiguenda. 

Elytra with a nearly entire pellow vitta 5. Bardi. 

5. — Thorax shining without median impressed line. 

Thorax black 6. «'u aebris. 

Thorax red, rarely with darker median spot 7. puncl ulata. 

Thorax subopaque, a distinctly impressed median line 8. caiialiculata. 

6. — The elytral tip % yellow and impressed 7. 

The tip in % black, with impression 9. 

7. — Last two ventral segments % yellow, legs yellow 9. elegans. 

Abdomen entirely black in both sexes 8. 

8. — Thorax entirely red. 

Legs pale monticola- 

Legs black. 

Elytra sparsely punctured 10. terminal is. 

Elytra densely punctured 11. Lewisi. 

Thorax black. 

Legs pale 12. fulvipes. 

Legs black 13. Men inani. 

9. — Elytra blue, antennae, tibiae and tarsi pale 14. cj auipeuiiis. 

Elytra blackish, varying to red 10. 

10.— Legs yelldw 15. pulcbra. 

Legs entirely black. 

Clypeus pale yellow ; thorax red, with broad median space black, 

IB. labiata. 
Clypeus black. 

Elytra with distinct pruinose surface lustre. 

Elytra rather densely punctured, thorax black 17. lugubris. 

Elytra coarsely and sparsely punctured, thorax red 18. collaris. 

Elytra shining without pruinose lustre variabilis. 

11.— Thorax nearly smooth, color red 19. incoiisuiciia.. 

Thorax conspicuously punctured, usually piceous, the elytra vitiate in £ , 

luteous in 9 20. vittata. 

1. — C. flabellata n. sp. — Piceous, thorax and legs reddish yellow. Head 
and thorax with very few fine punctures. Elytra sliming, punctuation sparsi 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 307 

and feebly impressed, nearly smooth at apex and base, pubesence fine and short. 
Scntellum yellow. Body beneath sparsely punctured and slightly pubescent. 
Length .18-.26 iuch ; 4.5-6.5 millim. 

Male. — Antennae with joints 2-3 small, globular, 4-10 with a long branch, 
eleventh joint nearly as long as the five preceding joints together, equalling in 
length the process from the tenth joint. Elytra at tip absolutely simple as in the 
female. Anterior and middle tarsi scarcely dilated. 

Female. — Antennae subserrate, the second joint alone small. 

I have one male in my cabinet with the elytra pale. This style of 
variation seems to be usual in those species, which occur west of the 
Rocky Mountains. I have never observed any tendency in the Atlantic 
species to have the elytra become paler. 

I have seen six specimens collected in Western Nevada. 

2.— C. Crotclli Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1874, p. 41. 
In all the specimens I have seen of this species the elytra are pale 
reddish yellow, the suture and apical margin narrowly bordered with 
piceous. 

Male. — Antennae pectinate from the third joint, second small, globular. Elytra 
at tip feebly impressed. Anterior and middle tarsi distinctly dilated. 
Female. — Antennae slender and very feebly subserrate. 
Collected by Mr. Crotch at Crystal Springs, California. 

3.— C. abnormis Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soe. 1874, p. 40. — Black, thorax 
red. 

Male. — Antennae feebly serrate. Anterior and middle tarsi dilated. Posterior 
tibiae arcuate and obliquely sulcate. 

Female has not been identified with certainty. 
Occurs in California and Colorado. 

4. — C distingueiida Horn, loc. cit. p. 42.— Nearly black, thorax red ; 
antennae subserrate in both sexes. 

Male. — Elytra smoother at apical third and yellow, the tips prolonged, acute 
and slightly reflexed. 

Female. — Elytra nearly equally punctured, tip not prolonged nor yellow. 
Collected at San Buenaventura and Visalia, California. 

5.— C. Barcli Horn, loc. cit. p. 42. — Piceous, thorax red, elytra with a pale 
vitta extending from the humeri to near the tip. Antennae subserrate in both 
sexes. 

Male. — Sexual characters as in the preceding species, but the tip is rather less 
prolonged. 

Female as in dieting uenda. 
Collected at San Buenaventura, California, by Mr. Crotch. 

C— C. funebris Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1871, p. 280.— Body and legs 
entirely black, elytra with slight pruinose lustre. 

Male. — Elytra tipped with yellow and smoother, not convex nor impressed. 
Female. — Elytra concolorous, equally punctured. 
Occurs widely diffused in California. 



308 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

7.— C. pun flu lata Lee., Ann. Lye. V. p. 151.— Black, thorax red. Varies, 
with the elytra entirely reddish yellow. 

Male characters as \nfunebris. 

Female as infunebris. 

Occurs in California and Nevada. 

This and the preceding species seem to differ only in the color of the 
thorax and may possibly be the same. 

8.— C caualicnlata Lee., New Species, p. 143. — Black, thorax red, sur- 
face feebly shining. Thorax with median impressed line deeper behind. Elytra 
rather coarsely not densely punctured. Eyes less prominent than the hind angles 
of the head. I have seen variations of this species in which the color is entirely 
black, and one of them with pale legs. 

Male.— Elytra bordered at tip with yellow, smoother, not impressed. 

Female as in funebris. 

Collected rather commonly by Mr. Charles Dury, near Cincinnati, 
Ohio. The males seem to be rare. 

9.— C elegans Hentz, Trans. Am. Philos. Soc. 1830, p. 257.— Piceous, thorax, 
legs and two basal joints of antennae reddish yellow. Elytra rather coarsely, 
sparsely punctate. 

Male. — Elytra with an oval bnllate spot at tip which is very smooth, yellow 
and impressed. Last two segments of abdomen yellow. 

Female. — Elytra nearly equally punctured at tip. Abdomen black. 

Occurs principally in the northwestern regions. My specimens are 
from Detroit and Dakota. It occurs, however, in the Middle States. 

10.— C termiiialis Say, Journ. Acad. V, p. 257.— Piceous, thorax red,elytra 
slightly pruinose, the punctures coarse, deep, but not dense. 

Male.— El vtra at tip yellow, smooth, impressed, but not more convex. 
Female. — Elytra concolorous, a little smoother at tip. 
Occurs in the Middle States, Ohio and Michigan. 

11.— C. L«ewisi Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1871, p. 281.— Body beneath 
piceous, color above variable. Elytra moderately densely punctured. 

A large series of specimens shows this species to be very variable and 
this, too, in characters usually considered of some importance. These 
varieties are as follows : 

LewisL— Blaek, thorax red. Elytra of male tipped with yellow. 

variabilis. — Black, thorax red. Elytra of male black at tip. 

monticola.— Elytra yellowish, tip % yellow, legs entirely or in part pale. 

In addition to the above-named varieties specimens occur with yellow 
elytra as in monticola, but with entirely or partly black legs, and again, 
others entirely black above. 

It might seem as if some of these forms should be considered specifi- 
cally distinct, as the characters separating them are no less than those 
used to distinguish other species. While certain characters are used as 



AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. 309 

convenience for separation, it must be admitted that there are minor dif- 
ferences of aspect or sculpture not easy or practicable to describe which 
really distinguish species in the cabinet, and in many the sexual charac- 
ters of the male afford the only means of giving expression to recognized 
differences. 

In the varieties above indicated I see no reason for drawing the spe- 
cific line anywhere, there are none of these minor differences of aspect 
and sculpture, nor is the habitat a factor in the kind of variation. I have 
concluded to unite these forms under one name and have placed the 
varieties in separate places in the table, so that all the forms may be re- 
cognized. 

Male. — Elytra at tip somewhat swollen, smooth and impressed. When the tip 
is yellow the impression is always black. 

Female. — Elytra not swollen at tip, punctured. 

The form Lewisi occurs in Colorado ; monticola in California, Nevada 
and Montana ; variabilis in Colorado, Montana, New Mexico and Ari- 
zona. The totally black specimens are from Arizona. 

12.— C. I'lilvipes Newm., Ent. Mag. V, p. 375. — Black, shining, legs yellow. 
Elytra coarsety and moderately densely punctured. Thorax sometimes reddish 
brown. 

Male. — Elytra at tip yellow, swollen, smooth, impressed. 
Occurs in New York, Ohio, Michigan and Canada. 

13.— C Newmani Lee, Proc. Acad. 1855, p. 274 ; lagubris |] Newm. 

This species agrees in most respects with fulvipes, except that the legs 
are black. The apical spot of the male is however smaller, and the ely- 
tra less coarsely and densely punctured. 

Occurs in Maine, Canada and New York. 

14.— €. cyanipeniiis Bland, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phila. 1804, p. 2(54.— Piceous, 
tibiae, tarsi, antennae and palpi yellow. Elytra blue, coarsely but not densely 
punctured. 

Male. — Elytra slightly swollen at tip, impressed and smoother, not yellow. 

Female. — Elytra not swollen nor impressed. 
Occurs in New Hampshire and Virginia. 

15. — C. pulchra Lee, Jour. Acad. ser. 2, 1, p. S3. — Piceous. legs and two 
basal joints of antennae pale. Thorax red, with broad median black space. Elytra 

densely punctured. 

Male. — Elytra not more convex at tip, deeply impressed and smoother only in 
the impression. 

Female. — Elytra nearly equally punctured to tip. 
Occurs in Ohio, Missouri, Dakota and Montana. 

16.— C. labiata Say, Jour. Acad. 1827, p. 247. — Piceous, clypeus pale yel- 
low. Thorax red, with broad median black space.. Elytra densely punctured. 
Sexual characters as in pulchra. 

(78) 



310 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

This species closely resembles pulchra, but differs in having black 
legs and a pale clypeus. 

Occurs in the Middle States, Ohio and Dakota. 

17. — C lugubris Say, Jour. Acad. 1827, p. 246.— Color entirely black. 

Male. — Elytra at tip slightly swollen, smoother, deeply impressed. 

Female. —Elytra a little smoother at tip. 

This species is more coarsely and less densely punctured than pulchra 
or labiata, but agrees closely in this respect with fulvipes, which has yel- 
low legs and the male elytra tipped with yellow. 

Occurs in the Middle States, Canada and Ohio. 

18. — C collaris Say, Journ. Acad. 1827. — Black, thorax red. Elytra with 
coarse, deep, sparsely placed punctures. 

Male. — Elytra at tip smoother, not swollen, and with a feeble impression near 
the suture. 

This species is the smallest of those with the elytra impressed at tip, 
and is unusually coarsely punctured. It is almost impossible to distin- 
guish the females from those of term Inalis. 
Occurs in the Middle States. 

19. — C inconspicua Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1874, p. 42. — Piceous, 
thorax red, elytra piceous or or rufous. Elytra moderately densely punctured. 

The tips of the elytra are not in any respect different in the two 
sexes. The only method of distinguishing the male is by the presence 
of the additional ventral segment. The females might be mistaken for 
punctu/ata or Lewisii, but the elytra are rather more coarsely and less 
densely punctured, and the form smaller and more slender. 

Occurs in California and Nevada. 

20.— CJ. vittata Horn, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1871, p. 279. — Piceous, elytra 
with vitta and side margin pale, often in the female entirely pale. Thorax con- 
spicuously and moderately densely punctured. Elytra moderately densely punc- 
tured. 

The sexual characters are entirely wanting at the tips of. the elytra. 

The females have usually luteous elytra and the legs pale. 

Occurs in California. 

CANTHARIS Linn. 

C. mutikita Horn, having the fifth joint of the male antennae exca- 
vated and somewhat prolonged upwards at its distal end, must be placed 
between those species which have several joints so deformed (e.g. encera) 
and those in which the intermediate joints are simply thicker. 

C. desert kola Horn. — At the time of the description of this species 
(Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1873) I knew the female only and placed it 
with Group 2. The male is now at hand, and having the intermediate 



31 1 
AMERICAN COLEOPTERA. oii 

antennal joints thicker in the male mnst be referred to Group 1. The 
pygidium of the male is broad and truncate, the hind trochanter with- 
out spine, the surface glabrous. It is therefore allied to lugubris, Chihhi 
and tenebrosa, from all of which it differs by the head, thorax and 
femora being bright red and the elytra finely reticulate. 

The following modification of the table of the species of Group 2 has 
been made necessary by the discovery of new forms. 
Anterior tibiae of males with one spur ; hind trochanters subangulate. 

Elytra finely punctured, rather glossy, antennae stout gentilis. 

Elytra scabrous, subopaque, antennae slender moereiis. 

Anterior tibiae of males with two spurs. 

Outer spur of hind tibiae short, stout, broader and concave at tip -. 

Outer spur rather slender, laminate at tip 

2.— Elytra black. „„#.» 

J „ , , insperata. 

Elytra finely scabrous 

Elytra reticulate. lata 

Thorax subpentagonal, coarsely punctured ^"i," .!,»',' 

Thorax nearly smooth, sides not angulate eri»r»M*. 

Elytra fulvous or luteous. .„«« 

J , ,, , , ,, cardinally. 

Head and thorax black dichroa 

Head, thorax and elytra luteous 

3 -Antennae moniliform, scarcely longer than head and thorax., occipitalis. 

Antennae slender, usually as long or longer than half the body 4. 

4 -Stouter species, thorax as wide or wider than long . •■•-■•-• ' 

Slender species, thorax longer than wide and narrower than the head 6. 

5 —Body above, including head, of one color. 

Hind trochanters of male subangulate beneath n, CO ill mod a. 

, , , stygica. 

Hind trochanters oval <" m 

Body above bicolored. . 

Thorax and elytra dark bluish green ; occiput red auriCUlata. 

Head and thorax brilliant alucous, thorax yellowish red, with median 

. refnlgens. 

metallic-green spot * 

Head greenish black, thorax red, elytra olive green 1 roicmi. 

Head and thorax red, elytra very dark green 

6.-Color above reddish testaceous, elytra sometimes black... 

Color entirely black 

Bright aeneous, elytra slightly cupreous 

t eenliliS n. sp.-Black, rather shining, scarcely pubescent. Head sparsely 
punctate. Thorax pentagonal, punctured at sides and base. Elytra rather shin- 
ing, sparsely, finely punctured, a few coarser puncture, nitenu.xed. Metaster- 
num densely punctured, abdomen more shining and sparsely punctured. Spurs 
of hind tibiae very slender. Length .72-90 inch ; 18-23 mill.m. 
, ^.-Anterior tibiae with one spur. Last ventral segment erescent.calh im- 
pressed and triangularly emarginate. 

This is one of the largest species of the group and has a more shining- 
surface. It recalls Epicauta corvina in form. 
Occurs in New Mexico and Arizona. 



nitidicollis. 

lugciis. 

Katlivoni. 



312 GEO. H. HORN, M. D. 

C occipitalis n. sp. — Black, rather shining. Head sparsely punctate, the 
entire occipital region red. Thorax subpentagonal, with very few punctures. 
Elytra very very obsoletely scabrous and with very few minute punctures. Body 
beneath very sparsely punctate. Length .50-. 76 inch ; 12.5-19 inillim. 

Male. — Anterior tibiae with two spurs. Last ventral segment broadly emar- 
ginate with obtuse angles on each side. 

Occurs in the southern part of California. 

C incommoda n. sp. — Black, without lustre. Head coarsely, sparsely 
punctate. Thorax subpentagonal, with very few punctures. Elytra finely scab- 
rous and punctate. Body beneath very sparsely punctate. Length .6S-.90 inch ; 
17-23 millim. 

Male. — Anterior tibiae with two spurs, middle tibiae rather strongly arcuate. 
Last ventral deeply triangularly emarginate, penultimate ventral broadly emar- 
ginate. Hind trochanters subangulate. 

The species may be known from the many other black ones by the 
sexual characters, and by reference to those given in the above table. 
Occurs in the southern part of California. 

CAL.OSPASTA Lee. 
C. viridis n. sp. — Green or slightly bluish, feebly shining, sparsely pubes- 
cent. Head sparsely punctured. Antennae short, not reaching the hind angles of 
the thorax, filiform, the joints closely articulated. Thorax quadrate, very little 
wider than long. Elytra rather coarsely scabrous and distinctly pubescent. Body 
beneath sparsely punctured and pubescent. Spurs of hind tibiae slender and 
acute. Tarsal claws with the upper and lower portions nearly equal. Length 
.24-30 inch; 6-7.5 millim. 

This species is remarkable in being the first appearance of the genus 
east of the Rocky Mountains and in having the two portions of the claw 
nearly of equal length. 

Occurs in Colorado and New Mexico (Prof. F. H. Snow). 



EXPLANATION OF PLATE IX. 

Fig. 1. Laccophilis insignis Sharp. Fig. 12. Same of C. terminalis. 

" 2. Laccophilvs pictus Lap. " 13. Same of ft Lewisi. 

" 3. Laccophilus lateralis Horn. " 14. Same of ft inconspicun. 

" 4. Hydroporus picturatus Horn. " 15. Same of C. punctulata, fune- 

" 5. Hydroporus quadrimarulatus bris, vittata. Bardi and distin- 

Horn. guenda. 

" 6. Pseudomorpha aiigustata Horn. " 1 6. Same of C. pulchra, labiata and 

" 7. Stachygraphis maculata Lee. Crotchi. 

" 8. Stenopodius flavidus Horn. " 17. Same of ft lugubria, abnormis, 

" 9. Octotoma viargiriicollis Horn. flabellata and collaris. 

" 10. Asida macra Horn. " Is. Same of ft fu/vipes, Kewmani 

" 11. Oedeagus of Corphyra canalicu- and elegans. 
lata Lee. 



PBOCEEDWGS 

OP THE 

ZMOZDsTTJEHj'X" meetiug-s 

OF THE 

ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION 

OP THE 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 
PHILADELPHIA. 

January 13, 1882. 
Vice-Director Dr. Horn in the chair. 
The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. ix of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 220. 

Dr. Horn stated that he had published in a review of the Quediide 
Staphylinidae the description of a genus which he had named Anacyptus ; 
having since learned that the name was preoccupied, he now proposed in 
its stead Microcyptus. 

The following addition.s to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Canadian Entomologist, vol. xiii, No. 12. From the Editor. 

Le Naturaliste Canadien, vol. xii, No. 144. From the Editor. 

Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. xxii, sigs. 
11 — 13. From the Society. 

Psyche, vol. iii, No. 86. From the Editors. 

Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, Nos. 211 and 212. From the 
Conductors. 

Annual Report of the Curator of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 
at Havard College for 1880 and 1881. From the Museum. 

Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. xv, Nos. 84 and 85. From 
the Society. 

Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London for 1881, part 3. 
From the Society. 

Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 
vol. xiv, 1880. From the Society. 

Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society, Ser. 2, vol. i, part 6. 
From the Society. 

Catalog der Coleopteren von Sibirien, von L. von Heyden. From 
the Author. 

MONTHLY PKOC. EST. SEC. A. ». S. (1) APRIL, 1882. 



11 MONTHLY PROCEEDINGS 

Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift herausgegeben von der Deutschen 
Entoniologischen Gesellschaft, 1880, No. 2 ; 1881, No. 2. From the 
Society. 

Analeeta heuiipterologica, von Dr. 0. M. Reuter. From the Author. 

Naturgeschichte der Insecten Deutschlands, von Dr. W. F. Erichson, 
vol. vi, part 1. By purchase. 

Address of Hon. Geo. B. Loring Commissioner of Agriculture, and 
other proceedings of the Cotton Convention held in Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 2, 
1881. From C. V. Riley. 

February 10, 1882. 
Vice-Director Dr. Horn in the chair. 

The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. ix of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 2-10. 

The Publication Committee reported favorably the following papers for 
publication in the Transactions : — 

" Revision of the species of some genera of Buprestidre," by George 
H. Horn, M. D. 

" Notes on some little known genera and species of Coleoptera," 
by George H. Horn, M. D. 

" Synopsis of the species of the tribe Lebiini," by Geo. H. Horn, M. D. 

" Descriptions of species belonging to the genus Nysson inhabiting 
North America," by E. T. Cresson. 

Dr. Horn exhibited some drawings to accompany one of the papers 
reported on this evening, illustrating the anatomy of Platypsylla and 
Leptinus. He expressed the view that a close relationship existed 
between these genera. 

,„- For the larger species known as L. validus Horn, a new generic name 
was proposed, Leptinillus, from its differing from the true Leptinus 
in having rudimentary eyes and the anterior coxae separated by the 
prosternum. 

The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. xx, part 4 : 
xxi, part 1. From the Society. 

Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, vol. iv. No 2. 
From the Society. 

Papilio, vol. i, No. 11 ; ii, No. 1. From the Editor. 

Comptes-Rendus des Seances de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, 
Serie iii, Nos. 11 and 12. From the Society. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION. Ill 

Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Grenova, vols, xvi and 
xvii. From the Museum. 

Horae Societatis Entomologies Rossica. Tome xv, 1879. From the 
Society. 

March 10, 1882. 

Director Dr. LeConte in the chair. 

The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. ix of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 272. 

Dr. Horn read some notes on the families of Coleoptera related to 
the Elateridae, and expressed the view that the Elateride series must 
be regarded as a complex rather than as a family. The divisions pro- 
posed are Eucneminje, Elaterin^e, Cebrionin^e, Perothopin^ and 
CerophytiN/E, regarded by Dr. Horn as closely related sub-families. 
The subject is more fully discussed in a paper now in the hands of 
the Publication Committee. 

Dr. Horn announced the death of George B. Dixon, a member of the 
Section, which took place February 23d. last, at Pilatka, Florida. 

The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. iii, No. 4. 
From the Society. 

Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. xxi, part 2. 
From the Society. 

Canadian Entomologist, vol. xiv, Nos. 1 and 2. From the Editor. 

Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, No. 213. February, 1882. From 
the Conductors. 

Le Naturaliste Canadien, vol. xiii. January, 1882. From the Editor. 

Psyche, vol. iii, No. 87 — 89. From the Editors. 

Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift, vol. xxv, 1881 . From the Society. 

Comptes-Rendus des Seances de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, 
Serie iii, No. 14. From the Society. 

Hymenopteren von Portorico, von Dr. H. Dewitz. From the Author. 

" April 14, 1882. 
Director Dr. LeConte in the chair. 
The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. ix of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 

Dr. Horn called attention to the fact that for a number of years our 
catalogues have contained species of Coleoptera described by various 
European authors, which have escaped recognition principally through 



iv MONTHLY PROCEEDINGS 

the erroneous localities given. Happily the number is rapidly diminishing 
by direct comparison of specimens with types. 

The fauna of the United States has been so thoroughly studied at 
home that the distribution of genera and species is now pretty well 
understood, and we are warranted in being very skeptical when species 
are referred to genera unknown to us from a given locality. 

In the following notes I have gathered from the authors such infor- 
mation as has been published, which has a direct bearing on the matter 
of distribution. 

Amblyeliila I'iccoloininii Reiche, Ann. Fr. 1839, p. 557. 

" Our colleague M. Dupont received, about the end of 1838, a collec- 
tion of Coleoptera containing among others some specimens from New 
California, among which was found a large Cicindelide." 

From our knowledge of the distribution of Amblycliila it has been 
doubted whether the specimen was taken in California, inasmuch as that 
State has been very thoroughly collected over by many competent persons 
and no trace of that insect found. This is however merely negative 
evidence. The matter would have very little importance were it not that 
Reiche and Chaudoir insisted on the distinctness of this species from 
cyliridriformis Say, basing their argument as much on the locality as on 
any usual specific characters. The type has been seen by Dr. LeConte 
and myself and does not differ in any appreciable manner from specimens 
collected in New Mexico. 

Pasi madias califoniicus Chaud., Bull. Mosc. 1850, ii, p. 437. 

" This insect was collected in California by M. Piccolomini and has 
been sent me by M. Dupont. He is the same traveller who collected 
Amblychila Piccolominii Reiche." 

The occurrence of Paainutchus in California is also in opposition to 
our ideas of generic distribution. The species remained unidentified 
until a specimen from Chaudoir demonstrated that it was a species 
occurring in the Texas region and known as validus Lee. 

Pangus ailiericaiiux Mots., Bull. Mosc. 1859, iii, p. 237. 

This insect was recognized as a Discorferm by Dr. LeConte twenty 
years ago. The figure and description by Motschulsky are equally 
insufficient, but I feel fully justified in considering it D. impotens Lee, 
which is not rare in western Texas. 

The type was given to Motschulsky by Dupont doubtless from the 
Piccolomini collection. 

Agaosoma califbriiicum Menet., Bull. Ac. Petr. 1843, ii, p. fi3. 
It is now recognized that Agaosoma Men., does not differ from Steno- 



ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION. V 

morphus Sol., a genus represented in Texas and Mexico. The species has 
never been observed in California by any recent collectors and its refer- 
ence to that locality is as doubtful as the other species here recorded. 

No information is given of the source from which Menetries obtained 
the above species, all the others described in the paper are truly Cali- 
fornian, have definite localities and are credited to Wosnessensky. 

Tricrepiditis triangulicollis Motseh., Bull. Mosc. 1S59, iv, p. 367. 

This insect I have identified with Ischiodontus ferreus Lee. There 
can be no doubt that Motschulsky was deceived in attributing lobes to 
the first three tarsal joints, from the teudency of the brush of hairs 
which terminates the first joint on the under side to form a pencil 
simulating a lobe. The specimen is stated to be from California and 
came to Motschulsky from Dupont. 

From the above notes it would appear that all the trouble with 
doubtfully distributed genera had its origin in a small collection made 
by Piccolomini and distributed by Dupont to his friends. It must be 
evident to those acquainted with the distribution of species in our fauna 
that Piccolomini collected in Texas some distance up the Rio Grande. 
When it is remembered that the geography of that part of our continent 
had in 1838 another political alliance, and that its subdivisions were 
totally different from those of a few years later, it will be understood 
why the locality " California" very correct at that time, conveys an 
erroneous impression at the present. 

A similar geographical allowance must be made in the works of Say. 
Many localities are given as "Missouri Territory,'' a sufficiently well 
defined region to those who studied the geographies of thirty years ago. 
At present the name is lost and many States and Territories now occupy 
that region on the maps. 

Mr. E. T. Cresson presented the following tables to assist the student 
in the separation of the species belonging to the genus 

EUCERCERIS Cress. 

Females. 
Clypeus with side lobes produced into a large blunt conical tubercle, middle lobe 
depressed; body yellow with fulvous markings. ...ca.iialicula.tus (Say). 
Clypeus with side lobes flat or depressed, not protuberant. 
Middle lobe of clypeus produced into a porrect spine. 

Abdomen ferruginous, with three apical segments black bicolor Cress. 

Abdomen ferruginous, with broad yellow bands above; wings fuscous. 

fulviccps Cress. 

Abdomen above black, with broad yellow hands: wings clear, with costal 

margin fuliginous rubripes Cress. 



Vlll MONTHLY PROCEEDINGS 

Eucerceris vittati Irons Cress., Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. vii, Proc. xxiv, % . 
Hab. — Nevada, Washington Terr. Seven £ specimens ; 9 unknown. 

Eucerceris montanus n. sp.— 9 • — Black, opaque, densely and strongly 
punctured, clothed with a short erect whitish pubescence ; head wider than thorax ; 
face broad, slightly narrowed above ; clypeus short, very broad, flat, the side lobes 
touching the eyes, the middle lobe somewhat prolonged and rounded at tip, un- 
armed; a transverse ovate spot on each lobe of clypeus, broad longitudinal spot 
on sides of face not reaching summit of eyes and broad line on prominence between 
antennae, the whole forming three broad stripes on the face, line on upper posterior 
orbits broader above, upper posterior margin of prothorax, postscutellum, two large 
irregularly shaped spots on metathorax pointed within, tegulse, segments 1—5 of 
abdomen above, except basal margin and transverse line on disk of segments three 
and four, spot on sides of sixth segment, and interrupted bands on ventral seg- 
ments 3 — 5, all lemon-yellow ; mandibles except tips, four basal joints of antennse, 
basal half of flagellum beneath, legs entirely, and two basal segments of abdomen 
beneath, fulvous-yellow; basal enclosure of metathorax densely and strongly 
punctured ; wings hyaline, with costal margin irregularly clouded with yellowish- 
fuscous, neuration as usual; segments 2 — 5 of abdomen above less densely and 
more irregularly punctured, except in the transverse median 'deeply impressed 
lines; apical segment finely rugulose above with lateral carina sharp, fringed 
with pale hair and terminating in a short obtuse tooth; venter sparsely punc- 
tured, shining. Length .50 inch. 

£ . — Black, opaque, densely and strongly punctured, clothed with whitish 
pubescence ; head large, much wider than thorax ; face very broad, flat, very 
slightly narrowed above, the tubercle between antennae prominent ; clypeus flat, 
very broad, its anterior margin truncate its entire width, unarmed, the side lobes 
touching the eyes for a short distance: mandibles with outer face dilated, flat- 
tened, smooth, polished, the upper and lower edges obtusely angular, each mandi- 
ble with a prominent and obtuse tooth within between base and apex, which 
latter is pointed and subacute; face, clypeus, prominence between antennas, spot 
or line behind summit of eyes, mandibles except tips, scape beneath, posterior 
margin of prothorax, postscutellum, sometimes a dot on extreme sides of scutellum, 
a small round spot on sides of metathorax above near base, tegulse, spots on thorax 
beneath, coxae, trochanters, legs beneath, band on posterior margin of abdominal 
segments 1 — 6 above, those on 2 — 5 more or less suddenly dilated laterally, and 
bands on ventral segments 2 — 5, all lemon-yellow; scape above, flagellum entirely, 
legs above and most of the two basal segments of abdomen beneath, fulvous- 
yellow ; sometimes the basal joints of antennae above are spotted with black ; 
wings hyaline, with apical half of costal margin narrowly fuscous and a small 
fuscous cloud at base of second submarginal cell, costal nervure fulvous; the shape 
of the marginal find submarginal cells like those of the 9 except that the mar- 
ginal cell is slightly broader at base and the third submarginal a little larger; 
venter clothed with a long, loose, pale pubescence, a fringe of long erect bristles 
on apical middle of segments three and four, scarcely longer than the pubescence 
ami almost concealed by it: last dorsal segment flat, carinate laterally, the carina- 
ending at tip in a short obtuse tooth, the last ventral segment slightly protruding 
beyond the last dorsal and deeply cleft. Length .50 inch. 

Hab. — Montana, (Morrison). One 9 , two % specimens. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION. IX 

The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 
1881, part 3. From the Academy. 

Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. xxi. si»s. 
17 and 18. From the Society. 

Bulletin of the Essex Institute, vol. xiii, Nos. 10 — 12. From the 
Institute. 

Canadian Entomologist, vol. xiv, Nos. 2 and .'5. From the Editor. 

Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. Nos. 214 and 215. From the 
Conductors. 

Le Naturaliste Canadien, vol. xiii, Mars 1882. From the Editor. 

Papilio, vol. ii, Nos. 2 and 3. Purchased. 

Psyche, vol. iii, Nos. 90— 92. From the Editor. 

Comptes-Rendus des Seances de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, 
Ser. iii, Nos. 14. — 16. From the Society. 

Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift herausgegeben von der Deut- 
schen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. xxvi, No. 1. From the So- 
ciety. 

Meddlelanden of Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, 1881, Nos. 
6 — 8. From the Society. 

Geological and Natural History Survey of Canada. Report of Pro- 
gress for 1879—80. From the Survey. 

Insects Injurious to Forest and Shade Trees, by A. S. Packard, Jr.. 
M. D. From the Author. 

Entomologische Zeituug. Herausgegeben von dem Entomologischen 
Vereine zu Stettin, vol. xiii, 1881. From the Society. 

Species des Hymenopteres d'Europe et d'Algerie, par Ed. Andre, 
January, 1882. From the Author. 

Guide to Practical Work in Elementary Entomology, by Professor J. 
Henry Comstock. From the Author 

Revue Coleopterologique publiee par Constant Van den Branden, vol. 
i, No. 2. From the Author. 

Liste des Criocerides recueillies au Bresel, par feu Camille van Volxem 
suivie de la description de douze nouvelles especes Americaines de cette 
tribu, par A. Preudhomme de Borre. From the Author. 

Materiaux pour la Faune Entomologique de la Province du Luxem- 
bourg Beige; Province de Namur ; Province d'Anvers; Brabant. Cole- 
opteres premiere centurie, par Alfred Preudhomme de Borre. From the 
Author. 

MONTHLY PROC. ENT. SEC. A. N. S. (3) SEPTEMBER. LSS.'i. 



X MONTHLY PROCEEDINGS 

Sopra alcuni Imenotteri di Tunisia. — Diagnosi di alcuni specie nuove 
del genere Chrysis. — Spedizione Italiana nell 'Africa Equatoriale risul- 
tati Zoologici Imenotteri. — Escursione in Calabria (1877-78) Imenot- 
teri. — Note Imenotterologiche. — Contribuzione alio studio di alcune 
specie Italiane del genere Tiphia del! Ingegure G. Gribodo. From 
the Author. 

May 12, 1882. 

Mr. C. A. Blake in the chair. 

The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. x. of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 24. 

The Publication Committee reported in favor of the publication in 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society the paper en- 
titled : 

" A Revision of the Mordellidae of the United States, by John B. 
Smith." 

The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Transactions of the Academy of Sciences of St. Louis, vol. iv, No. 2. 
From the Academy. 

Psyche, No. 93. From the Editors. 

Papilio, vol. ii, No. 4, April, 1882. From the Publishers. 

Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, No. 21 IS, May, 1882. From the 
Conductors. 

Le Naturalist Canadien, vol. xiii, No. 4. From the Editor. 

Report of the Entomologist of the United States Department of Agri- 
culture for 1880, by J. Henry Comstock. From the Author. 

The Silkworm ; being a brief manual of Instruction for the Produc- 
tion of Silk, by C. V. Riley. From the Author. 

Little known facts about well-known animals, by C. V. Riley. From 
the Author. 

The North American species of Conops, by S. W. Williston. From 
the Author. 

Revue Coleopterologique, by C. Van den Branden, No. 3, April, 1882. 
From the Author. 

Comptes-Rendus Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Serie iii, No. 17. 
From the Society. 

Mr. Eugene M. Aaron was elected a member of the Section. 



entomological section. xi 

June 9, 1882. 
Mr. C. A. Blake in the chair. 

The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. x. of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 48. 

The following additions* to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Aid to the identification of Insects, vol. i, by C. 0. Waterhouse. Pur- 
chased. 

Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of 
London. Index 1871-1880. From the Society. 

Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1881. From 

the Society. 

Nova Acta Regise Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Ser. 3, vol. xi, 
No. 1, 1881. From the Society. 

A Synonymic Catalogue of Diurnal Lepidoptera, Supplement, March, 
18(31— June, 1877, by F. W. Kirby. Purchased. 

Eleventh Report of the State Entomologist on the Noxious and Bene- 
ficial Insects of the State of Illinois, by C. Thomas. From the Author. 

Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Briinn, vol. xix, 
1880. From the Society. 

Verhandlungen des Vereins fur naturwissenschaftliche Unterhaltung 
zu Hamburg, vol. iv, 1877. From the Society. 

Naturgeschichte der Insecten Deutschlands, vol. iii, part 1. 

Rencensio Critica Lepidopterorum Musei Ludovicse Ulricae quae de- 
scripsit, Carolus A. Liune. 

Bidrag tel Kundskaben om Norges Lepidopterfauna. J. S. Schneider. 

On motion the Section adjourned until the regular night of meeting 
in September. 

September 8, 1882. 
Director Dr. LeConte in the chair. 

The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. x. of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 104. 

Dr. LeConte read extracts from letters received from Dr. Horn, who 
was absent in Europe, giving some synonymical notes on our species 
observed by him. The most important observed was that the species 
hitherto referred by us to Callimus should constitute a new genus, for 
which Dr. Horn proposes the name Poecilobrium, which will include not 
only our P. (Callimus) chalybaeum Lee, but also Vallidium rufipes 
Fab., of Europe. 



xii MONTHLY PROCEEDINGS 

On the other hand the species referred to Pilema are truly Callimus. 

The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : 

Proceedings of the Scientific meetings of the Zoological Society of 
London, 1881, Part 4. From the Society. 

Trichopterygia Illustrata et descripta. — A Monograph of the Trichop- 
tery°ia, by Rev. A. Matthews. Purchased. 

Bulletino della Societa Entomologica Italiana, 1880, part 3. From 
the Society. 

Entomologisk Tidskrift, af Jacob Spangberg, 1881, parts 3 and 4. 
From the Author. 

Enumeratio Insectorum Norvegicorum, vol. v, part 1. 

The Butterflies of North America, by William H. Edwards, second 
series, part 10. From the Author. 

Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 
Part 1. January to April, 1882. From the Academy. 

Cistula Entomologica, vols. ii. and iii. Purchased. 

The Bee's tongue, and glands connected with it, by J. Spaulding. 
From the Author. 

Retarded developement in Insects. — On the oviposition of Paradoxus 
decipiens. — New Insects injurious to Agriculture, by C. V. Riley. From 
the Author. 

Noctuidae in the Missouri Entomological Reports, by C. V. Riley. 
From the Author. 

October 13, 1882. 
Vice-Director Dr. Horn in the chair. 

The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Transactions of the American Entomological Society, vol. x, No. 1. 
From the Publication Committee. 

A Biography of Fossil Insects, by S. H. Scudder. From the Author. 

Fragments of the coarser anatomy of Diurnal Lepidoptera, by S. H. 
'Scudder. From the Author. 

Bemgerkninger til H. Siebke's Enumeration insectorum Norvegico- 
rum, Fasc. v, pars 1 (Hymenoptera phytophaga and aculeata), edidit J. 
Sp. Schneider. 

Supplement til H. Siebke's Enumeratio insectorum Norvegicorum, 
Fasc. i, ii (Hemiptera, Orthoptera and Coleoptera). 

Sitzungsberichte und Abhandlungen der Naturwissenschaftlichen Ge- 
sellschaft Isis in Dresden. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION. X1U 

Coleopterologische Hefte, von E. V. Harold, vols. i. — iv. Pur- 
chased. 

The Honey Ants of the Garden of the Gods, and the Occident Ant 
of the American Plains, by H. C. McCook. From the Author. 

Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, July, 1882. From 
the Society. 

Bulletino della Societa Entomologica Italiana, 1881, parts 3 and 4. 
From the Society. 

Canadian Sportsman and Naturalist, vol. i, No. 12. 

Twelve pamphlets on Coleoptera, by A. P. DeBorre. From the Author. 

November 10, 1882. 
Director Dr. LeConte in the chair. 

The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. x. of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 18-4. 

A letter was read from a gentleman desiring to view the collection of 
the Society. After an interchange of views the Chair announced that 
it was the sense of the Section that while they desired to aid the devel- 
opment of an interest in the study of Entomology, the collections in 
charge of the Section could not be used unless under the supervision of 
the Conservator. 

Dr. Horn exhibited some dissections of the mouth parts of Coleoptera, 
mounted in such a manner that they could be placed in the cabinet with 
the specimens from which they were taken. The method, he believed,, 
originated with Dr. Sharp, of Scotland, and consists of a cell made of 
cardboard, the top and bottom being the usual thin cover-glass and filled 
in the ordinary way with Canada balsam. When properly dried the 
name of the species may be written on the card, and the whole (except 
the glass) coated with shellac and thus rendered impervious to mois- 
ture. 

The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, herausgegeben von der Deut- 
schen Entomolugischen G-esellschaft, 1882, No. 2. From the Society. 

Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. xv, Nos. 86-88. From the 
Society. 

Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, vol. xxv. From 
the Society. 

Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. iii. No. 5. 
From the Society. 

(4) 



xiv MONTHLY PROCEEDINGS 

Bulletin of the Essex Institute, vol. xiv, Nos. 1—6, 1882. From the 
Institute. 

Papilio, vol. ii, Nos. 5 and <>. From the Editors. 

Bulletin of the Minnesota A.cademy of Natural Sciences, vol. ii, Nos, 

."> and '.'>. From the Academy. 

Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-kbniglichen Zoologisch-botanischen Q-e- 
sellsclial't in Wein. vol. xxxi. From the Society. 

Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift, herusgegeben von dem Entomo- 
gischen herein in Berlin, vol. xxvi, part I. From the Society. 

Species des Hym6nopteres d'Europe and d' Algiers, par Ed. Andre, 
vol. xii. From the Author. 

Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences, vol. iii, 
No. -!. From the Academy. 

Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, vol. iv, No. 3. 
From the Society. 

Mittheilungen der Sohweizerisohen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, vol. 
vi, Nos. 2 and (i. From the Society. 

Entomologisk Tidskrift, af Jacob Spangberg, 1882, parts 1 and 3. 
From the Author. 

Proceedings of the Scientific meetings of the Zoological Society of 
London, 1882, parts 1 and '1. From the Society. 

Mr. Henry Skinner was elected a member. 

The next meeting was announced for December 11. 
December 11, 1882. 

Director Dr. LeCoNTE in the chair. 

The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. x. of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to pane 224'. 

On behalf of the author, a paper entitled a "Synopsis of the North 
American I leliothinae," by John B. Smith, was read by Dr. Norn. 

The report of the Treasurer was read and on motion referred to a 
Committee, of Messrs. Wilt, LeConte and Horn, for audit. 

The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, vol. xix, Nos. 217--222. From the 
Conductors. 

Journal of the Linnean Society of London, vol. xvi, Nos. 89-94. 
From the Society. 

Canadian Entomologist, vol. xiv, Nos. 3—9. From the Editor. 

Naturalite Canadien, vol. xiii, Nos. 6—10. From the Editor. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION NV 

Proceedings of the Acadenij of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 
pari 2, M;n and October, 1882. Prom the Academy. 
Psyche, vol. viii. Nos. 94-98. From the Editors. 
Compte-Rendu Societie* Entomologique de Belgique, Sene iii, Nos. 
18-24. From the Society. 

Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, L882, pp. 
321-432. From the Society. 

Petites Nouvelles Entomologiques, Nos. 155-216. From A. Salle. 
The Committee on nominations presented their report. 
The business of the evening having been called, an election for officers 
for the ensuing yea* was held. On the counl of the ballots the follow- 
ing were declared elected ; 

Director. —John I-. LeConte, M. I>. 
Vice-Director, -George II. Horn. M. I>. 
Recorder, dames II. Ridings. 
Treasurer. — E. T. Cresson. 
Conservator. — Eugene M. Aaron. 
Publication Committee — George II. Horn. ,M. I>. 
I lenry Skinner. 

Jani a m L2, 1883. 
Vice-Director Dr. Noun in the chair. 
The Publication Committee reported in favor of the publication of a 
"Synopsis of the North American Heliothinae," by John I?. Smith, in 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 

'The following additions to the Library of the American Entomological 
Society were announced : — 

Bulletino della Society Entomologica [taliana, 1882, parts 2 and 4. 

From the Society. 

Transactions of the American Entomological Society, vol. x, No. 2. 
From the Publication Committee. 
Canadian Entomologist, vol. xiv. No. II. From the Editor. 
Quarterh Journal of the Boston Zoological Society, vol. ii. No. 1. 

From the Society. 

Compte-Rendu Socie'te* Entomologique de Belgique, Sene iii, Nos. 
'_2T)--!i). From the Society. 

The Committee appointed to audil the accounl of the Treasurer re- 
ported thai they had examined the accounts and vouchers and found 
them correct. The reporl was accepted and the papers ordered tiled. 



xvi monthly proceedings 

February 9, 1883. 
Vice-Director Dr. Horn in the chair. 

The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. x. of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 250. 

Dr. Horn called attention to a recent publication in which the author 
denied the existence of the outer or palpiform lobe in the maxillae of 
the Gyrinidae. A preparation was exhibited showing the lobe in ques- 
tion in one of our species of Gyrinus. The preparation will be sent 
abroad as an evidence that the figure already published by Dr. Horn was 
correct (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 1881, vol. x, p. 150). 

March 9, 1883. 
Vice-Director Dr. Horn in the chair. 

Additions to the Library of the American Entomological Society were 
read as follows : — 

Proceedings of the Scientific meetings of the Zoological Society of 
London, part 3. From the Society. 

Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, Serie 0, Tome 1, 
1881. From the Society. 

Canadian Entomologist, vol. xv, No. 1. From the Editor. 

Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 
1881. From the Society. 

Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. xxi, sig. 
29. From the Society. 

Recherches Experimentales sur les Mouvements respiratoires des In- 
sects, par Felix Plateau. From the Author. 

Materiaux pour la Faune Entomologique du Hainaut, par A. P. de 
Borre. From the Author. 

Nos Elaphriens, par A. P. de Borre. From the Author. 

Sur un Travail Recent de M. S. H. Scudder concernant les Myria- 
podes du Terrain Honiller, par A. P. de Borre. From the Author. 

Materiaux pour la Faune Entomologique de Flander, par A. P. de 
Borre. From the Author. 

Materiaux pour la Faune Entomologique de la Province de Limbourg, 
par A. P. de Borre. From the Author. 

Materiaux pour la Faune Entomologique de la Province d'Anvers, par 
A. P. de Borre. From the Author. 

Analyse et Resume d'un Memoire de M. Le Dr. G. H. Horn on the 
Genera of Carabidae, etc., par A. P. de Borre. 

Mr. J. T. Pennypacker tendered his resignation as a member of the Section. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION. xvl1 

April 13, 1883. 
Vice-Director Dr. Horn in the chair. 
Additions to the Library of the American Entomological Society were 
read as follows : — 

Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences, vol. iii, 
part 3. From the Academy. 

Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, vol. xix, April, 1883. From the 

Conductors. 

Classification of the Coleoptera of North America, by J. L. LeConte 
and Gr. H. Horn. From the Authors. 

Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Serie iii, No. 30. 

From the Society. 

Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, herausgegeben von der Deut- 
schen Entomologischen Gesellshaft, 1883, No. 1 . From the Society. 

Bulletino della Societa Entomologica Italiana. January-March, 1882. 
From the Society. 

Dr. Horn exhibited a piece of ticking, a portion of a feather pillow, 
presenting the appearance of a fine plush on the inner side. Through 
the ravages of Attagenus megatoma the feathers had become commin- 
uted, and by frequent handling and beating had become felted into the 
material of the ticking. 

May 11, 1883. 
Vice-Director Dr. Horn in the chair. 
The Publication Committee announced the completion of vol. x. of 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society to page 268. 

Donations to the Library of the American Entomological Society were 
announced as follows : — 

Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1882. From 

the Society. 

Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, Nos. 227-229. From the Con- 

ductors. 

Papilio, vol. iii, No. 4. From the Editors. 

Canadian Entomologist, vol. xv, Nos. 2-5. From the Editor. 

The Butterflies of North America, by W. H. Edwards, second series. 
part 2. From the Author. 

Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 1883, sigs. 
7 and 8. From the Society. 

Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario for 1882. From the 
Society. 

„„„ . „ „ (t.\ SEPTEMBER, 1883. 

MONTHLY PROC. ENT. SEC. A. N. S. (,3j 



XV111 MONTHLY PROCEEDINGS 

Synopsis of the Noctuidae of Illinois, by G. H. French. From the 
Author. 

Reports of Experiments chiefly with Kerosene upon the insects in- 
juriously affecting the Orange Tree and Cotton Plant, by C. V. Riley. 
From the Author. 

Report of Observations on the Rocky Mountain Locust and the 
Chinch Bug, by C. V. Riley. From the Author. 

Compte-Rendu Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Serie iii, No. 31. 
From the Society. 

Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Briinn, vol. xx. 
From the Society. 

Verhandlungen des naturforschenden der Preussischen Rheinlande 
und Westfalens. 

Die Kafer Westfalens zusammengestellt, von F. Westhoff. From the 
Author. 

Entoinologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem Entomologischen 
Vereine zu Stettin, vol. xliii. From the Society. 

Dr. Horn presented a communication entitled " Miscellaneous notes 
and short studies of North American Coleoptera." 

The next meeting was appointed for June 11, after the semi-annual 
meeting of the American Entomological Society. 

June 11, 1883. 
Vice-Director Dr. Horn in the chair. 

The Publication Committee reported in favor of the publication of 
Dr. Horn's paper, presented at the May meeting. They also reported 
that they had accepted from Mr. A. R. Grote a paper in reply to that of 
Mr. John B. Smith on the Heliothinae, and as they deemed it proper 
that the two papers should appear together in the Transactions, the con- 
sent of the Section was asked for immediate publication. The action 
was approved and the request granted. 

Additions to the Library of the American Entomological Society were 
read as follows: — 

Dr. Horn announced that the Academy had approved of a request of 
the Sections that they be allowed to elect persons as Contributing Mem- 
bers, who shall be allowed no other privileges than that of taking part 
in the scientific proceedings of the Section. The right to vote, hold 
office or take part in the business of the Section being reserved for those 
only who are also members of the Academy. 

The meetings were adjourned until September. 



IMBIOL 



The names of new genera and of new species are followed by the name of the 

Author. 



Acilius semisulcatus 280 

Acrolepia dorsimaeulella 172 

Acrolophus (sp.) 167, 168 

? simulatus Walsm 168 

Adela ridingsella 172 

^Edophron 211, 215 

pallens Smith 215 

Snowi 216 

^Esyle fasciella 201 

Agabus (species) 278, 281 

Agaosomaealifornicum iv 

Agryresthia subreticulata Walsm.... 173 

Alaria 212, 213 

citronellus 224 

florida 224 

gaurae 224 

Ainblychila Piccolominii 270, iv 

Amorbia cuneana 19 

humerosana 19 

Amphicoma canina *. . 1 1 9 , 120 

Edwardsi 119, 120 

lupina 119 

Rathvoni 119, 120 

ursina. 119 

vulpina 119, 120 

Amphisa discopunctana 22 

luridana 56 

Amphizoa 275 

Joseph] 275 

Anacampis absconditella 181 

tristrigella Walsm 181 

Anacyptus ■•• • 

Analestesa testacea 288 

Anaspis 74, 76 

atra 77 

collaris 77, 78 

flavipennis. 77, 78 

militaris Smith 77 

nigra 77 

pusio 77, 78 

rufa 77.78 

sericea 77. 78 

Anchylopera fuscociliana 55 



PAGE 

Anchylopera lamiana 55 

Packardiana 57 

pulchellana 55 

virginiana 55 

Anophthalmia aud a x Horn 271, 272 

eremita 271, 272 

interstitialis 270, 271 

Menetriesi 270, 271 

pubescens. 271, 272 

pusio 271, 272 

Tellkampfi 270, 271 

tenuis 271, 272 

Antaplaga 211 , 21 7 

dimidiata 217 

sexseriata 217 

Anthaxia 101, 106 

seneogaster 107, 108 

cyanella 107, 110 

deleta 107, 109 

flavimana 107, 111 

quercata 107, 110 

salicis 107 

viridicornis 107, 110 

viridifrons 107, 109 

Anthoecia tuberculatum 247 

Apenes 156 

lucidula. 156 

nebulosa '56, 158 

opaca 156, 157 

sinuata 156, 157 

Aphelogenia 131 

Aphonus 122 

Apristus 133 

cordicollis 133 

laticollis 133, 134 

subsulcatus 133 

Argyrotosa Parryana 56 

Asida macra Horn 304 

Aspila subflexa 250 

Axenus 211, 242 

arvalis 242 

Axinopalpus 135 

biplagiatus 136 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Axinopalpus fusiceps 136 

Bactra furfurana 28 

lanceolana 29 

Batrachedra rileyi Walsm 198 

Bessula 211, 218 

luxa 218 

Blabophanes dorsistrigella 170 

ferruginella 170 

Blastobasis glandulella 191 

Bleckrus lucidus Horn 134 

virginus 134 

pusio 134, 135 

Brachytsenia malana 56 

Triquetrana 56 

Bryotropha? busquella 178 

Bucculatrix pomifoliella 204 

trifasciella 203 

Caccecia argyrospila 12 

cerasivorana 11 

fervidana 13 

fraetivittana , 13 

georgiana 13 

grisea 13 

infumatana 11 

obsoletana 12 

parallela 12 

purpurana 10 

rileyana 11 

rosaceana 10 

rosana 11 

semiferana 12 

transiturana 12 

zapulata 12 

Callida 138 

decora 139, 141 

fulgida 139, 141 

planulata 139, 140 

platynoides Horn 139 

punctata 139, 141 

purpurea 139, 142 

viridipennis 139, 140 

Callidium (species) 289 

Callispides 290, 301 

Calopasta viridis.Hor« 312 

Calosoina peregrinator 270 

Cantharis aeneipennis 311 

auriculata 311 

cardinalis 311 

cribrata 311 



PACK 

Cantharis Crotehii 311 

deserticola 310 

dichroa 311 

gentilis Horn 311 

incommoda Horn 311, 312 

inseperata 311 

lugens 311 

moerens 311 

mutilata 310 

nitidicollis 311 

occipitalis Horn 311, 312 

Rathvoni 311 

refulgens 311 

reticulata 311 

stygica 311 

Canthydrus (species) 276 

Capua furcatana 22 

lentiginosana 22 

Carabus cancellatus 270 

Carpocapsa pomonella. 53 

saltitans 54 

toreuta 54 

Carposina crescentella Walsm 189 

Cebrioninse 123 

Cenopis cana 21 

diluticostana 21 

groteana Fernald 21, 69 

pettitana 21 

quercana Fernald 20, 69 

reticulatana 20 

testulana 21 

Cerarnbycidse 289 

Cerophytinse 123 

Chamaeclea 265 

Charielea 211, 222 

umbra 223 

Charistena 290, 29S 

Ariadne 298, 299 

Lecontei 298, 299 

nigrita 298 

perspicua Horn 298 

Chimabacce? baustellata Walsm.... 173 

Cboreutis bjerkandrella 167 

Chrysobothris (species) 286, 2S7 

Chrysomelidse 290 

Cicindela Magdalense 270 

Cleridse 289 

Coclambus (species) 277 

Coleophora leucochrysella. 194 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Coleophora malivorella 194 

Colyrnbetes (species) 279,280,281,282, 
288. 

Conchylis angulatana 25 

argentilimitana 25 

bunteana 2(5 

eampieolana 26 

cretiferana 57 

deutschiana 24 

dilutana 26 

dorsimaculana 25 

dubitana 26 

erigeronana 26 

fernaldana 25 

floocosana 23 

glaucofuscana 26 

intactana 25 

interruptofasciata 25 

kindermanniana 24 

labeculana 25 

latipunctana 26 

lepidana 25 

nana 26 

oeotberana 26 

parallelana 25 

parvimaculana 26 

promptana 25 

rutelana 24 

sartana 23 

saxicolana 23 

soissana 24 

seriatana 25 

sweatmanniana 24 

straminoides 24 

transversana 25 

vitellinana. 23 

Coptodera 131 

serata 131 

Coptotomus obscurus 279 

Corpbyra 3(15 

abnormis 306, 307 

Bardi 306, 307 

canalieulata 306. 308 

collaris 306, 310 

Crotebi 306, 307 

cyanipennis 306, 309 

distinguenda 306, 307 

elega-ns 3(16, 308 

flabellata Horn 306 



Corpbyra fulvipes 306, 309 

funebris 306, 307 

inconspicua 306, 310 

labiata 306, 309 

Lewisi 306, 308 

lugubris 306, 310 

monticola 306, 308 

Newmani 306, 309 

pulohra 306, 309 

punctulata 306, 308 

terminal's 306, 308 

variabilis 306, 308 

vittata 306, 310 

Cosmopteryx fernaldella Walsm 197 

lespedezse Walsm 198 

Cryptolechia? cretacea 176 

nubeculosa 175 

quericella 176 

Cryptostoma Dohrni 124 

Cyehrus 270 

Cymatodera (species) 289 

Cymindis 149 

americana 150, 154 

borealis 150, 155 

brevipennis 152 

cribrata 150, 154 

cribricollis 150, 151 

elegans 150, 153 

laticollis 150 

neglecta 150, 155 

pilosa 150, 155 

planipennis 150, 152 

unicolor 150, 153 

Dasycerus 116 

angulicollis Horn 117 

carolinensis Horn 117 

Dasyspondaea Smith 212, 213 

lucens 214 

Meadii 214 

Deltometopus ereptus 288 

Depressaria applana 175 

arenella 1 75 

fulva Walsm 175 

Deronectes (species) 277 

Derrima 211, 236 

Henrietta 236 

stellata 236 

Dianchomena 131 

Dicbelia ealiforniana 22 



(6) 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Dichelia caryse 21 

demissana 21 

pulcherrimana 21 

sulfureana 21 

tunicana 22 

Dichrorampha alpinana 54 

incanana 54 

plumbana 55 

radicicolana 55 

simulana 54 

Diclidia 74, 75 

lsetula 75 

Dietta 285 

Disoeneniis 263 

Disodia margaritana 56 

Dromius 132 

atriceps 132 

piceus 132 

Dytiscidse 276 

Dytiscus (species) 281, 282 

Eccopsis atrodentana Fernald 30, 71 

concinnana 30 

corylana Fernald 30, 71 

exoleta 30 

fagigemniseana 29 

fasciatana 30 

ferriferana 31 

ferrugineana 29 

footiana 31 

inornatana 30 

malana Fernald 30, 72 

monetiferana 29 

nitidana 29 

olivaceana Fernald 30, 71 

permundana 29 

punctana 30 

sericorana 29 

versicolorana 30 

zelleriana 29 

Ecdytolopha insiticiana 53 

Echinodes decipiens Horn 286 

Elachista? metallifera Walsm 200 

Elateridaj 122, 123 

Enoplium humerale 289 

Epigraphia packardella 174 

Epinyctis 211, 218 

notatella 219 

Ergates roseosuffusella 174 

rubidella 174 



PAGE 

Eubria 289 

Eucaerus 158 

varicornis 158 

Eucerceris (table of species) v 

bicolor v, vii 

canaliculars v, vi, vii 

elegans vi, vii 

flavocinctus vi, vii 

fulviceps v, vii 

fulvipes vi, vii 

montana Cress vi, vii, viii 

rubripes v, vi, vii 

similis vi, vii 

superbus vi, vii 

vittatifrons vii, viii 

zonatus vi, v1i 

Eucneniinse 123 

Eucosma tuberculana 57 

Eudarcia simulatricella 171 

Eudemis botrana 28 

Eulepiste Walsm 169 

Cressoni Walsm 169 

Euproctus 138 

trivittatus , 138 

Eussatus costatus 304 

difficilis 305 

dubius 305 

erosus 304 

laevis 305 

muricatus 305 

politus 304 

productus 305 

puberulus 304 

reticulatus 304 

robustus 304 

Evagora apicitripunctella 182 

Exentera apriliana 45 

Gelecbia absconditella 181 

apicitripunctella 182 

attributella 182 

bilobella 185 

bosquella 178 

oercerisella 177 

conclusella 179 

flavicorporella Walsm 177 

inscripta Walsm 180 

inserrata Walsm 184 

juncidella , 183 

ochripalpella 183 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Gelechia oronella Walsm 179 

petasitis 178 

purpureofusca Walsm 184 

refusella 184 

rhoifructella 182 

roseosuffusella 180 

rubidella 180 

tristrigella Wulsm 181 

vagella 178 

Glipodes 84 

helva 84 

sericans 84 

Graeilaria coroniella 192 

elongella 193 

robiniella 193 

swederella 191 

Graphoderes 280 

occidentals Horn. . ... 281 

Grapholitha albimaculana 52 

ainericana 53 

bracteatana 52 

caeruleana 53 

earyana '52 

conversana 52 

gallae-saliciana 53 

interstinctana 52 

lunatana 52 

prunivora 52 

tautana 53 

tristrigana 52 

trossuiana 53 

vitrana 53 

Grotella 211, 217 

semipunctata 21 S 

Gyascutus 287 

carolinensis Horn 287, 288 

cuneatus 287 

obliteratus 2s7 

planicosta 287 

Heliaea 211, 245 

diminutivus 245 

dubitans 245, 246 

fasciata 245, 246 

nexilis 245, 246 

Helice pallidochrella 188 

Heliolonehe 211, 241 

modicella 242 

Heliophana 212, 240 

bina 240 



Heliophana mitis 240 

Heliosea 212, 239 

pictipennis 239 

Heliothinee 205, 257 

Heliothis 212, 219, 264 

armiger 220 

dipsaceous 220, 221 

gloriosa 249 

lanul 249 

nubila 249 

paradoxus 220 

rhexia 220 

scutosus 220, 222 

siren 248 

Hippomelas 288 

cselatus 288 

californicus 288 

saginata 288 

sphenicus 288 

Hispini 290 

Hister gentilis Horn 285 

Hydaticus (species) 280 

Hydrocanthus (species) 276 

Hydroporus (species) 277, 281 

pal liatus Horn 283 

picturatus Horn 283 

quadrimaculatus Horn 284 

Hydrotrupes palpalis 278 

Hystrichophora leonana 42 

Idiographis segrana 23 

fulviplicana 23 

inopiana 23 

Idiostama americella Walsm. 199 

Ilybius (species) 279 

Incurvaria acerifoliella 172 

Laccophilus (species) 277 282 

insignis 283 

lateralis Horn 282. 283 

pictus 283 

Lara 118 

Lavernadecorella 1% 

? eloisella 195 

luciferella 195 

subbistrigella ]gg 

subiridescens Walsm 194 

Lebia 130, ],;] 

Lebiini (Synopsis of) 126 

Lecithocera? flavistrigella Walsm... 189 
Leptinillus Horn 113 ;j 



INDEX. 



Leptinillus validus 113 

Leptinus 113, ii 

Liopus dorsalis 289 

Lita? conclusella 179 

vagella 178 

Lithoeolletis desmodiella 202 

mariseella 201 

pomifoliella 202 

Lophoderus coloradana Fernald.,.16, 67 

gloverana 16 

juglandana 15 

mariana Fernald 16, 67 

ministrana 15 

politana 15 

quadrifasciana Fern. .15, 67 

triferana 15 

velutinana 16 

vestitanus 55 

Loxopeza 131 

Loxotsemia afflictana 13 

elemensiana 14 

glaucana.. 14 

musculana 13 

virescana 13 

Lygranthoeci a 262 

coercita 248 

limbalis 247 

Parmeliana 248 

roseitincta 248 

Lyonetia latistrigella Wa/sm 203 

Malacotricha bilobella ]85 

Mecomycter .Ho?- « 125 

omalinug Horn 126 

Melanophila 101 

seneola 102, 106 

atropurpurea ........102, 104 

consputa 102, 103 

Drummondi..,.- 102, 104 

fulvoguttata 102, 104 

gentilis 102, 105 

intrusa Horn 102, 105 

longipes 102, 103 

miranda 102 

notata 102, 103 

obtusa-Hbm ..102, 1U6 

Melaporphyria 212, 239 

belladonna 237, 238 

immortua 237 

ononis 237, 238 



PAGK 

Melaporphyria prorupta 237, 238 

Melicleptria 212, 243 

celeris 244 

Graefiana 244, 245 

honesta 244, 245 

Hoyi 251 

pulchripennis 244 

sueta 244, 245 

vaccinise 251 

villosa 244 

Mellisopus latiferreana 54 

Metabletus 135 

americanus 135 

Microeyptus i 

Mieropteryx auricyanea Walsm 204 

Microrbopalides 290 

Mierorhopala 290 

eyanea 291, 293 

dirnidiata Horn... 291, 292 

Erebus 291, 293 

excavata 291, 293 

rloridana 291, 293 

Melsbeimeri 291, 294 

montana Horn 291, 294 

porcata 291, 294 

rubrolineata 291, 292 

vittata 291 

vulneratai7orn....291, 292 

Xerene 291, 292 

Monoedus Horn 116 

gu ttatus Leg , . 116 

Mordellidee (Synopsis of) 73, 74 

Mordellini 74, 78 

Mordella 74, 80 

angulata 81, 83 

borealis 80, 82 

discoidea 81 . 84 

fascipera 81, 84 

inflammata 81, 82 

insulata 81, 83 

lunulata 81, 83 

marginata 81, 83 

melajna 80, 82 

nigripennis 98 

octopunetata 81, 82 

oculata 81, 83 

quadripunctata SO, 82 

scutellans 80. 82 

serval 81, 83 



TNDEX. 



XXV 



Mordella triloba 81 

undulata 81 

Mordellistena 74 

semula 90 

sequalis Smith 88 

sethiops Smith 89 

ambusta 88 

arnica 87 

ancilla 87 

andrense 87 

angusta 89 

arida 85 

asperata 87 

articeps Smith 86 

attenuata 90 

bicinctella 85 

bitrimata 89 

biplagiata 86 

bipustulata 86 

oinereo-fasciata Sm..8$ 

comata 87 

, convicta 88 

decorella 86 

diinidiata 86 

discolor 90 

elegantulus Smith. ..86 
ferruginoides Smith 87 

Floridensis*SWM 88 

fulvicollis 86 

fuscata 89 

fuscipennis 88 

fusco-atra 89 

grammica .87 

guttulata t 88 

impatiens 87 

indistincta Smith. ...87 

infirma 87 

inornata Smith 87 

intermixta 86 

lepidula 86 

lirabalis 86 

liturata 89 

lutea 85 

niarghialis 88 

militaris 86 

minuta Smith 87 

morula 88 

nigricans 87 

nubila 88, 



■ •AGE 

Mordellistena ornata 86, 92 

pallipes 86, 92 

pectoralis 88,95 

picilabris 87, 93 

picipennis Smith 86, 91 

pityptera 89, 97 

pubescens 89, 97 

pustulata 88, 95 

rufescens Smith 89, 97 

ruficeps 88, 95 

rufiventris 89, 98 

scalaris 89, 97 

scapularis 86, 92 

Schauppii Smith 88, 96 

semiusta 87, 94 

s'mguhiris Smith 88, 96 

splendens Smith 88, 95 

suturella 89, 98 

tosta 87, 93 

trifasciata 86, 90 

unicolor 88, 96 

ustulata 87, 94 

vapida 86, 91 

varians 87, 94 

vilis 86, 9! 

Myrmecospectra 124 

Nietneri 125 

Nemotarsus 130 

elegans 130 

Nothris setosella 188 

Octotomides ".. 290, 299 

Octotoma 299 

margin icollis Horn 300 

plicatula 300 

Odontota 290, 294 

bicolor 295, 296 

californica Horn 295, 297 

collaris 295 

dorsalis 295, 296 

gracilis Horn 295, 298 

nervosa 295, 297 

notata 295, 296 

omogera 295 

rubra 295, 297 

scapularis 295, 296 

(Egoconia latipennis Wal.sm 190 

(Enectra flavibasana Fernald 20, 69 

inconditana 20 

irrorea 20 



(7) 



INDEX. 



_ 



PAGE 

(Enectra pilleriana 19 

rudana 19 

senecionana 19 

unifasciana 20 

violaceana 20 

xantkoides 20 

Oniticellus californicus Horn 118 

Onota 159 

Floridana IfiO 

Ornix anglicella 193 

prunivorella? 194 

Psedisea abbreviatana 40 

abruptana 40 

agassizii 37 

agricolana 37 

albiguttana 37 

argentialbana 37 

atomosana 

basipunctana....! 38 

bipunctella 39 

biquadrana 39 

bolanderana 37 

canana 39 

cataclystiana 38 

eeltisana 41 

circulana 36 

comatulana 38 

constrictana 40 

crambitana 37 

culminana 39 

desertana 41 

. dorsisiguana 42 

fernaldana 37 

fulminana 38 

giganteana 38 

glomerana 38 

grandiflavana 39 

hirsutana 40 

illotana 41 

irroratana 38 

junctieiliana 40 

larana 37 

luridana 37 

maculatana 39 

matutina 41 

monogrammana 37 

nigralbana 40 

numerosana 38 

occipitana 38 



PAGK 

Psedisca otiosana 41 

palpana 39 

passerana 39 

perdrieana 38 

primulana 38 

procellariana 57 

pulveratana 40 

quinquemaculana 36 

radicana 39 

rectiplicana 39 

ridingsana 37 

robinsonana 37 

scudderiana 41 

shastana 39 

similana 42 

solicitana 40 

strenuana 40 

subflavana 39 

subplicana 38 

terracoctana 39 

transmissana 40 

trigeminana , 41 

tripartitana 41 

vertumnana 41 

Pandemis albaniana 14 

lamprosana 14 

lirnitata 14 

Pangus americanus iv 

Pasimachus californicus iv 

Peltastica 286 

Pentagonica 158 

bicolor 159 

fiavipes 159 

Pentaria-.j 74, 75 

fuseula 76 

hirsuta Smith 76 

nubila 76 

trifasciata 76 

Penthina eapreana 31 

? chionosema 33 

conditana 32 

consanguinana 31 

costimaeulana Fernald... 33, 70 

cyanana 32 

dimidiana 31 

frigidaiia 31 

griseoalbana 32 

hartmanniana 32 

hebesana 32 



INDEX. 



PAGK 

Penthina hemidesma 33 

intermistana 31 

interruptolineana Fern.. 32, 70 

malachitana 33 

murina 33 

nimbatana 31 

osmundana 33 

pruinana 57 

roseomaculana 33 

septentrionana 31 

Peploglyptus 11" 

Perothopinse 123 

Phsecasiophora confixana 36 

Phsetusa plutella 177 

Phelister gentilis Horn 285 

Philophoga 142 

amoena 143 

castanea Horn 143, 144 

viridicollis 143 

viridis 143, 144 

Phloeoxena 131 

signata 131 

Phoxopteris amblygona.. 50 

angulifasciana 50 

apicana 50 

biarcuana 51 

burgessiana 49 

cometana 51 

cornptana 50 

cornulifoliana 51 

discigerana 49 

divisana 50 

dubiana... 49 

fioridana 50 

fragariae 50 

goodelliana Fernald.. 51, 69 

laciniana 49 

loricana 51 

lundana 49 

mediofasciana 48 

muricana... 51 

murtfeldtiana 49 

nubeculana 48 

pacificana 51 

plagosana 51 

platanana 50 

semiovana 49 

spiraeifoliana 49 

subsequana 49 



PAGE 

Phoxopteris tineana 52 

uncana 51 

Phthoroblastis texanana 54 

Pigritia laticapitella 190 

Pinacodera 146 

limbata 147 

platicollis 147 

punctigera 147, 148 

seraisulcata Horn.... 147, 148 

sulcipennis Horn 147, 148 

Pippona 211, 216 

bimatris 216 

Platynota exasperatana 23 

flavedana 22 

labiosana 22 

rostrana 22 

sentana 23 

tinctana 22 

Platypsylla ii, 114 

Pleolobus 289 

Plochionus 145 

amandus 145, 146 

dorsalis Horn 145, 146 

pallens 145 

timidus 145, 146 

Plusiotis Lecontei Horn 120 

Poecilia inscripta Walam 180 

Polymaeehus 121 

brevipes 122 

Proteopteryx costomaculana 46 

cressoniana 46 

deludana 46 

emarginana 46 

oregonana 46 

resumptana 46 

spoliana 46 

I Proteoteras sesculana 46 

Pseplienus 117 

| Pseudacontia Smith 211, 246 

crustaria 247 

! Pseudanthoecia Smith 211, 213 

tumida 213 

I Pseudomorpha 273 

augustata Horn..213, 274 

Behrensi 273, 274 

Cronkhitei 273, 274 

excrusians 273 

Pseudotamila Smith 212, 238 

perminuta 239 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Pseudotamila vanella.... 239 

Ptycholoma dissitana 14 

melaleucana 14 

persieana 14 

Pyralis lactana ". 57 

sulphurana 56 

Pyrrhia stilla 251 

Retinia comstockiana 27 

duplana 27 

frustrana 27. 

pinivorana 27 

rigidana 27 

? subeervinana 28 

sylvestrana 27 

turionana 27 

Rhantus (species) 279 

Rhododipsa 250 

miniana 251 

volupsia 250 

Rhodosea 261 

Rhopobota vacciniana 48 

Seardia anatomella 171 

Schinia 211, 225 

albafaseia Smith 227, 231 

aleucis 226, 228 

arcifera 227, 232 

bifascia 226, 229 

brevis 227, 235 

chrysellus 226 

constricta 227, 235 

cumatilis 226, 228 

cupes 227, 232 

errans Smith 227, 235 

gracilenta 226, 228 

Gulnare 252 

Hulstia Tepper 226, 228 

inelara 227, 235 

Jaqnarina 227, 232 

lupatus 227, 233 

lynx 226, 230 

Meskeana 227, 235 

mortua 227, 234 

nobilis 227, 234 

nundana 226, 229 

nhUqun Smith 226, 229 

Packardii 227,. 234 

rectifascia 247 

Regia 227, 231 

riviilosa 227, 234 



PAGE 

Schinia sanguinea 227, 232 

saturata 226, 230 

scissa 252 

separata 226, 229 

sordidus Smith. 226, 230 

spinosae , 227, 233 

Spraguei... 227, 232 

tertia 227, 231 

Thoreaui 227, 234 

trifascia 226, 228 

ultima 227, 236 

velaris 226, 229 

Schreckensteinia festaliella 197 

Sci'aphila argentana 16 

? basiplagana 17 

'! destitutana 55 

? horariana 1 7 

indivisana 56 

moeschleriana 17 

niveosana 16 

osseana 16 

? trigonana 17 

Semasia amphorana 44 

argenticostana 44 

argutana 45 

artemisiana * 43 

aspidiscana 43 

clarana Fernald 44, 72 

colunibiana 44 

corculana 42 

decempunctana 44 

? elongana 43 

ferruginana Fernald 43, 72 

formosana 42 

griseocapitana 44 

helianthana — 44 

infuscana 45 

lapidana 45 

minimana 45 

olivaceana 42 

pallidicostana 44 

parvana 45 

perangustana 44 

perstructana 45 

radiatana 42 

refusana.. 45 

? roessleri 43 

scalana 45 

signatana 45 



INDEX. 



PACK 

Semasia spiculana 44 

stramineana 45 

striatana 44 

sublapidana 45 

succedana 43 

taleana 44 

tarandana 43 

tenuiana 44 

? vestaliana 43 

Semioscopis allenella Walum 174 

inornata Walsm 174 

Sericoris agilana 33 

albiciliana Fernald... ....34, 70 

argyroelana 34 

astrologana 34 

auricapitana 33 

bipartitana 35 

campestrana 35 

chalybeana 34 

constellatana 34 

coruscana 34 

dealbana 35 

dilutifuscana 35 

fuscalbana 35 

glaciana 35 

? inquietana.. 36 

instructana 35 

niveiguttana 36 

nubilana 33 

puncticostana 35 

rivulana 34 

scbulziana 36 

similisana 35 

turfosana 35 

urticaria 34 

vetulana 33 

Stachygraphis 2K5 

maculata 285 

Steganoptycha augustana 47 

biangulana 48 

crispana 47 

faseiolana 47 

incarnana 46 

lagopana 47 

liturana 47 

? nebulosana 48 

pinicolana 47 

purpuriciliana 47 

saliciana 47 



PAGE 

Steganoptycha salicicolana 47 

Stenispa 301 

collaris 302 

metallica 302 

Stenopodiides 290, 300 

Stenopodus Horn 301 

flavidus Horn 301 

Stilbosis tesquella 197 

Sympistus 211, 212 

proprius 213 

Synnoma linosyrana. 19 

Tachyptilia rhoifructella 182 

Tecnophilus 136 

croceicollis 138 

Teleia oronella Walsm 179 

Teras americana Fernald 10, 66 

brewsteriana 6 

celiana 6 

cervinana Fernald 10, 65 

chalybeana Fernald 10, 65 

Cinderella 9 

effractana 5 

ferrugana S 

ferruginiguttana Fernald 6, 65 

fishiana Fernald 10, 66 

foliana 10 

hastiana ; 6 

logiana 7 

nraccana 7 

malivorana 9 

minuta 9 

nigrolinea 6 

niveana 5 

nivisellana 8 

oxycoccana 9 

peculiana 5 

permutana 8 

pulverosana 7 

retractana 55 

scabrana 5 

schalleriana 8 

simpliciana 9 

subnivana 5 

trisignana 5 

vacciniivorana 9 

Tetragonoderus 127 

fasciatus 128 

intersectus 128 

latipennis 128, L29 



(8) 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Tetragonoderus pallidus 128, 129 

Tineidse of North America 165 

Tinea biflavimaculella 170 

fuscipunctella 171 

granella 171 

pellionella 170 

sepulcrella 57 

Tischeria tinctoriella? 202 

Tmetocera ocellana 48 

Tomoxia 74, 78 

bidentata 79 

hilaris 79, 80 

inclusa 79, 80 

lineella 79* 

Tortricidae of North America 1 

Tortrix albicomana 17 

alleniana Fernald 17, 68 

alisellana 18 

bergmanniana 18 

conflictana 19 

franciscana 18 

frigidana 56 

fucana 18 

fumiferana 18 

houstonana 17 

lasciva 57 

lata 17 

pallorana 17 



PAGE 

Tortrix peritana 18 

quercifoliana 17 

scriptana 56 

semicirculana Fernald 18, 68 

Trechus hydropicus Horn 273 

Triarthron Lecontei 284 

pennsylvanicum Horn.. 284 

Trichotaphe? inserrata Walsm 184 

juncidella 183 

ochripalpella 183 

purpureofusca Walsm 184 

? refusella 184 

Tricopis 263 

Triocnemis 212, 215, 261 

saporis 215 

Tricrepidius triangulicollis v 

Trileuca 265 

Walshia amorphella 197 

Wilsonia brevivitella 196 

Xanthodes Buxea 265 

Xanthothrix 211, 241 

Neumoegeni 241 

ranunculi 241 

Xenorhipis 101, 111 

Brendeli Ill 

Ypsolophus bipunctellus Walsm 186 

pometellus 186 

roseocostellus Walsm 185 



Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. Vol. X. 



PI. I. 






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Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. Vol. X. 



PI II. 




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Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. Vol. X. 



PI. III. 




Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. Vol. X. 



pi.iv: 




Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. Vol. X. 



PI. V 




Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. Vol. X. 



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Trans. A.m. Ent, Soc. Vol. X. 



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