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Full text of "Transactions of the Engineering Institute of Canada"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of Ontario Institute of Technology Library - University of Toronto Libraries 



http://archive.org/details/transactionsofen08engi 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 

THE JOURNAL OF 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE 

OF CANADA 



TO FACILITATE THE ACQUIREMENT AND INTERCHANGE 
OF PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE AMONG ITS MEMBERS, 
TO PROMOTE THEIR PROFESSIONAL INTERESTS. TO 
ENCOURAGE ORIGINAL RESEARCH, TO DEVELOP AND 
MAINTAIN HIGH STANDARDS IN THE ENGINEERING 
PROFESSION AND TO ENHANCE THE USEFULNESS 
OF THE PROFESSION TO THE PUBLIC" 




JANUARY 1925 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CANADA 

AT 176 MANSFIELD STREET, MONTREAL 

Vol. VIII No. 1 



Malleable Castings — 

a Basic Industry 

TEN years ago, the scope of industrial service for malleable 
castings was limited by the lack of uniformity, compar- 
atively low tensile strength, and small percentage of 
elongation. With a far sighted faith in its product, the 
malleable castings industry began its campaign of 
improvement, based upon RESEARCH, CLOSE INSPECTION and 
RIGID TESTING. 

This aggressive attack has so improved the QUALITY, UNIFORM- 
ITY and INTEGRITY of malleable castings that today there is 
a great and increasing demand for malleable castings of the 
superior quality produced by the undersigned. 

This tough, strong, dependable material is today absolutely 
essential in the manufacture of the most important lines calling 
for the use of iron and steel, as for example, — 



Agricultural Implements, 
Farm Tractors, 
Waggons, 
Motor Trucks, 
Railway Equipment, 



Lumbering Tools, 
Refrigerating Equipment, 
Motor Cars, 
General Hardware. 



With 50,000 pounds tensile strength, and 10% elongation, malleable 
castings are much stronger than grey iron castings and 30% to 50% 
lighter. No other similar line of iron or steel possesses the com- 
bination of strength, freedom from blowholes, freedom from hidden 
defects, adaptability to intricate shapes and large sizes, also rust 
resistance, belonging to malleable castings of the superior quality 
produced by the undersigned. 



Auto Specialties Manufacturing Company, 
Windsor, Ont. 

Gait Malleable Iron Company Limited, 
Gait, Ont. 

International Malleable Iron Company Limited, 

Guelph, Ont. 

McKinnon Industries Limited, 
St. Catharines, Ont. 

The Pratt & Letchworth Company Limited, 

Brantford, Ont. 

SUPERIOR MALLEABLE CASTINGS 



Write for the advertisers' literature mentioning The Journal. 



December, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



THE JOURNAL OF THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CANADA 

Published monthly at 176 Mansfield Street, Montreal, by The Engineering Institute 
•( Canada, Incorporated In 1887 as The Canadian Society of Civil Engineers. 



Index to Volume VIII 

January to December, 1925 



Page 
Abstracts of Papers: — 

Alberta Tar Sands. Dr. S. C. Ells, M.E.I.C, (Calgary Branch) 501 

Biology and the Public Water Supply, Prof. R. Fraser, 

(Moncton Branch) ICO 

Central Heating for Business Communities, W. B. Trotter, 

a.m.e.i.c, (Calgary Branch) 38 

Ceramics, Prof. W. G. Worcester, M.E.I.C, (Calgary Branch) 133 
Contracts, Col. N. R. Robertson, (Niagara Peninsula 

Branch) 314 

Development of Power Transformers, The, C. E. Sisson, 

M.E.I.C, (Montreal Branch) 261 

Economic Aspects of the Dye Industry, G. Durgin, (Sault 

Ste Marie Branch) 262 

Electricity in the Paper Industry, Prof. J. W. Bain, (King- 
ston Branch) 221 

Engineering Achievements in Canada, Prof. P. Gillespie, 

M.E.I.C, (Border Cities Branch) 184 

Engineering Problems and Traffic on the Great Lakes, 

Lt. Col. H. J. Lamb, M.E.I.C, (Border Cities Branch) 262 

Evolution, Dr. L. E. Parizeau, (Montreal Branch) 469 

Fuel Problems in New Brunswick, Prof. J. Stephens, (St. 

John Branch) 315 

Harnessing the East River with Special Reference to the 
Development at Ruth Falls, H. S. Johnston, m.e.i.c, 
(Halifax Branch) 220 

Hudson Bay Route, The, Lt.-Col. A. C. Garner, M.E.I.C, 

(Saskatchewan Branch) 30 

Hydro-Electric Development, A. B. Sanborne, (Calgary 

Branch) 183 

Hydro-Electric Power Possibilities Along the Route of the 
Pacific Great Eastern Railwav, E. A. Cleveland, 
M.E.I.C, (Victoria Branch) 181 

Irrigation Flumes, P. J. Jennings, m.e.i.c, (Calgary Branch) 468 

Main Highway Organization, C. A. Davidson, (Calgary 

Branch) 132 

Mechanical Explanation of Einstein's Theory of Relativity, 

A, Wm. Gore, M.E.I.C, (Border Cities Branch) 132 

Mechanical Grain Car Unloaders, Wm. G. Reekie, (Winni- 
peg Branch) 32 

Mountaineering, Capt. H. Westmorland, (Kingston Branch) 31 

Northern Ontario, Hon. Chas. McCrae, (Niagara Peninsula 

Branch) 31 



Page 

Oil Industry in Alberta, S. J. Davies, a.m.e.i.c, (Lethbridge 

Branch) 499 

Ontario Forestry Branch, Air Service, Capt. Maloney, 

(Sault Ste. Marie Branch) 95 

Progress of the Admiral Beatty Hotel, The, R. H. Mac- 

donald, (St. John Branch) 180 

Prospecting, Prof. LeLury, (Winnipeg Branch) 133 

Radio for Emergency Communication, F. K. Dalton, 

(London Branch) 32 

Railway Maintenance Problems, P. C. Perry, a.m.e.i.c, 

(Saskatchewan Branch) 36 

Rate Making— Public Carriers, Dr. S. J. McLean (Montreal 

Branch) 498 

Rock Ballasting on Eastern Lines, C.P.R., A. C. MacKenzie, 

m.e.i.c, (Montreal Branch) 499 

Sculpture and Architecture, Ancient and Modern, J. W. 

McCallum (Kingston Branch) 498 

Sodium Silicate and Its Industrial Applications, E. T. 

Sterne, Ottawa Branch) 30 

Steam Accumulators and Pulverized Coal, A. J. T. Taylor, 

m.e.i.c, (Calgary Branch) 32 

Steam Standby Plant of the City of Winnipeg Hydro-Electric 

System, D. S. Young, s.E.l.c, (Winnipeg Branch).... 32 
Surveving in British Columbia Since Early Settlement, 

G. G. Aiken, (Victoria Branch) 182 

Telephone Engineering, W. K. Deltor, (Kingston Branch) . . 223 
Tests for Vocational Selection and Guidance, Dr. G. J. 

Trueman, (St. John Branch) 36 

Triumphs in Bridge Building, Prof. C. R. Young, M.E.I.C, 

(Border Cities Branch) 468 

Welland Ship Canal, E. G. Cameron, a.m.e.i.c, (Kingston 

Branch) 260 

Wembley Exhibition, Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, (Ottawa 

Branch) 99 

Winnipeg River Watershed, J. W. Sanger, a.m.e.i.c, (Win- 
nipeg Branch) 93 

Yukon of '97 and Now, The, W. L. Bramley, (Niagara 

Peninsula Branch) 93 

Acres, H. G., m.e.i.c, personal 166 

Addresses Wanted 506 

American Society of Civil Engineers to Meet in Montreal.editorial 425 

Anderson, Capt. F., m.e.i.c, personal 359 

Annual General and General Professional Meeting 23, 82, 488 

Report of 83 

Registration 86 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



December, 1925 



Page 

Meetings 39, 92, 134, 464, 500 

Apprenticeship and Training of Engineers, Committee on, 

Annual Report 51 

Armstrong, J. S., m.e.i.c., personal 394 

Armstrong, W. 1 >.. Hydraulic Mining 293 

Association -sional Engineers of the Province of B.C., 

Annual Meeting 28 

Bare. H. S., ami:. i.e.. Extension to Lake Louise Hotel 377 

Blair. D. E., a. m.e.i.c, personal 89 

Blair, M. P., M.E.I.C, personal 89 

Blake, J. H.. \. m.e.i.c, Some Economics in the Steam Plant 379 

Board of Examiners and Education, Annual Report 47 

Branch Charters, Photographs. 19 

Branch and Institute Officers, 2, 44, 104,146, 194, 236, 292, 336, 404, 

438, 746 
Branch News: — 

Border Cities Branch 97, 135, 184, 262, 468, 501 

Calgarv Branch 38, 95, 135, 184, 226, 317, 396, 431, 468, 501 

Cape Breton Branch 35, 100, 135, 431 

Edmonton Branch 96, 135, 184, 501 

Halifax Branch 136 

Hamilton Branch 135, 185, 399 

Kingston Branch 33, 135, 185, 230, 502 

Lethbridge Branch 34, 185, 502 

London Branch 34, 96, 140, 227, 263, 432 

Moncton Branch 38, 100, 186, 263, 361, 468 

Montreal Branch . .97, 137, 186, 225, 263, 317, 361, 430, 469, 502 
Niagara Peninsula Branch. . . .33, 97.188. 232, 264, 318, 362, 398 

Ottawa Brancli 37, 99, 139, 187, 227, 264, 470, 503 

Peterborough Branch 98, 139, 187, 225, 318, 470, 503 

Quebec Branch 96, 139, 188, 231, 362 

Saguenav Branch 399 

Saskatchewan Branch 36, 227, 504 

Sault Ste Marie Branch 34, 96, 136, 188, 230, 264, 318, 432, 470,503 

St. John Branch 36, 96, 188, 225, 265, 362, 471 

Toronto Branch 37, 96, 140, 232, 505 

Vancouver Branch 98, 231, 266 

Victoria Branch 100, 140, 189, 230, 266, 319, 430 

Winnipeg Branch 35, 95, 136, 504 

Branch Reports, Annual 57 

Bridge, The New Niagara Arch, H. Ibsen 159, 205 

Bridges. Improvements of Design and Appearance of Highway, 

C. J. Desbaillets, m.e.i.c 201 

Brinkman, F. L., Jr. e. i.e., obituary 125 

British Columbia Dams, E. Davis, m.e.i.c, and E. G. Marriott, 

A.M.E.I.C 299 

Bruce R. F. H., m.e.i.c, obituary 125 

Building Construction under Winter Conditions, C. D. Har- 
rington 76 



Cahan, Capt. J. F., M.E.I.C, personal 

Calder, L. R., a. m.e.i.c, obituary 

Cameron, C. F., a. m.e.i.c, obituary 

Canadian Engineering Standards Committee, Annual Report . . 

Canadian Good Roads Association Annual Convention 395, 

Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, British Columbia 

Division. Annual Meeting 

Canadian Railway Troops in the Great War, Work of, Lt.-Col. 

A. C. Garner, n.s.o., m.e.i.c 

Caron, J. G., a. m.e.i.c, Consideration of Railfall and Run-off 

in Connection with Sewer Design in the Montreal District 

Cement, Portland, J. M. Oxley, M.E.I.C 

Code of Ethics Committee, Annual Report 

Concrete Deterioration in Alkali Soils, Prof. C. J. Mackenzie, 

m.e.i.c 

Concrete, Pouring in Zero Weather, C. N. Shanly, m.e.i.c 

Consideration of Rainfall and Run-off in Connection with Sewer 

Design in the Montreal District, J. G. Caron, A.M.E.I.C 
Correspondence : — 

Message from Rensselaer's President 

Transportation as Related to National Development 

The Report of the Institute Fuel Committee 

Hydraulic Efficiency Tests 

A Hundred Years of Portland Cement 

A Reconsideration of the Kelvin Law 

Mountain Climbing in the Argentine 

Engineering Education 

The Dve Industry in Canada 

Cost of Electric Power, P. T. Davies, m.e.i.c 

Construction under Winter Conditions, Building, C. D. Har- 
rington 

Council, Members of 2, 44, 104,146, 191, 236, 292, 336, 366, 404, 438, 



394 
165 
357 

54 
428 

189 

249 

237 

3 

50 

462 
78 

237 

29 

40 

40 

40 

142 

142 

267 

319 

363 

337 

76 
476 



Page 

Council, Report of, for the Year 1924 45 

Craig, J. D., m.e.i.c, personal 27 

Crepeau, A. C, A.M.E.I.C, personal 90 

Creosoting of Material as Relating to Constructive Engineering, 

R. V. Look, Affiliate, E.I.C 10 

Cruthers, W. M., m.e.i.c, The Value of an Engineering Education 

from a Manufacturer's Viewpoint 116 

Dalhousie University, List of Graduates, 1925 259 

Dams, British Columbia, E. Davis, m.e.i.c, and E. G. Marriott, 

A.M.E.I.C 299 

Dam, Experiments on a Large Test 493 

Daniel, Major Wm. T, a.m.e.i.c., Obituary 490 

Davies, P. T., m.e.i.c, Cost of Electric Power 337 

Davis, E., m.e.i.c, and E. G. Marriott, a.m.e.i.c, British Co- 
lumbia Dams 299 

Dawson, A. S., m.e.i.c, personal 201 

Desbaillets, C. J., m.e.i.c, Improvement in Design and Appear- 
ance of Highway Bridges 201 

Deterioration of Concrete in Alkali Soils, Annual Report of Com- 
mittee on 52 

Discussion on Export of Power 172 

Dominion Land Surveyors' Annual Meeting 141 

Drydock, The New Esquimalt, J. P. Forde, M.E.I.C 477 

Durley, R. J., m.e.i.c, -Secretarial Appointment 164 

Dwight, H. B., a.m.e.i.c, personal 427 

Editorial Announcements: — 

Message to the Members ■ 24 

On to Montreal 24 

Becoming Better Acquainted 24 

Engineering Education and Training 25 

The Headquarters Organization 82 

The Annual and Professional Meeting 82 

Award of Institutes Prizes 82 

The Thirty-ninth Annual Meeting 83 

Studying Engineering Education 124 

Presentation of Leonard Medal 125, 164 

Secretarial Appointment 164 

A Conception of the Profession 212 

Congratulations from Minister of Mines 213 

Professional Conduct 254 

Misuse of Term Engineer 254 

The Western Professional Meeting 254, 308 

An Appreciation 308 

Invitation to Members of The Institute 309 

The Institute's Employment Bureau 356 

The Maritime General and Professional Meeting 356 

Maritime Professional Meeting 390 

Secretary's Visit to Western Meeting 391 

Commencement of Activities 424 

The International Electrotechnical Commission 424 

The Institute Library 425 

Export of Hydro-Electric Power 458 

Report of Paris International Conference on High Tension 

Lines 459 

Nominations for Officers' Ballot 459 

Annual General and General Professional Meeting, 1926. . . . 488 
Forthcoming Conference of the Provincial Associations of 

Professional Engineers 489 

Ottawa Honours C. A. Magrath, m.e.i.c 489 

Edington, John, m.e.i.c, obituary 357 

Elections and Transfers 28, 91, 131, 170, 217, 258, 311, 429. 465, 497 

Electrical Energy in Great Britain, Special Features in Connection 

with the Generation and Distribution of, Prof. E. W. 

Marchant, D.sc 245 

Employment Bureau, The Institute's editorial 356 

Engineering Education, correspondence 319 

Engineering Education Discussion, Resolution following 85 

Engineering Education, Discussion on 120, 218 

Engineering Education — An Engineering Society Viewpoint, 

FraserS. Keith, M.E.I.C 

Engineering Education and Training, editorial 

Engineering Education from a Manufacturer's Viewpoint, The 

Value of W. M. Cruthers, a.m.e.i.c 

Engineering Education, Prof. C. J. Mackenzie, M.E.I.C 110 

Engineering Education, Some Thoughts Regarding, Prof. H. M. 

Mackay, m.e.i.c 113 

Engineering Education, Symposium on 105 

Knuineering Education, the Study of, H. P. Hammond 106 

Engineering Education, Studying, editorial 124 

Export of Power, Discussion on 172 

Experiments on a Large Test Dam 493 

Extension to Lake Louise Hotel, H. S. Bare, a.m.e.i.c 377 



118 
25 

116 



December, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



Page 

Fairbairn, J. M. R., m.e.i.c, personal 167 

Fairbairn, R. P., m.e.i.c, personal 358 

Finance Committee, Annual Report of 48 

Fitzmaurice, Lt.-Col. Sir Maurice, Hon. M.E.I.C, obituary 26 

Forde, J. P., m.e.i.c, The New Esquimalt Drydock 477 

Forestry, Francis Kiefer 297 

Foss, C. O., m.e.i.c, obituary 256 

Frith, H. W., m.e.i.c, personal 215 

Fuel Committee, The Report of The Institute, correspondance 40 

Gamble, F. C, m.e.i.c, personal 393 

Garner, Lt.-Col. A. C, D.s.o., m.e.i.c, Work of Canadian Rail- 
way Troops in the Great War, 1914-1919 .'.... 249 

Geodetic Survey of Canada, The, J. L. Rannie, m.e.i.c 483 

Graduates in Engineering, Recent 259 

Grain Elevators, Recent Advancement in the Construction and 

Operation of, L. Coke Hill, m.e.i.c 147 

Gzowski Medal Committee, Annual Report 50 

Presentation of Gzowski Medal 264 

Hammond, H. P., The Study of Engineering Education 106 

Hardman, J. E., m.e.i.c, obituary 214 

Harrington, C. D., Building Construction under Winter Con- 
ditions 76 

Henry, A. R., M.E.I.C, obituary 426 

Henry, R. A. C., m.e.i.c, The Motor Vehicle as a Transportation 

Facility 195 

Highway Work in the Canadian National Parks, J. M. Wardle, 

a.m.e.i.c 382 

Hill, B.M., m.e.i.c, personal 359 

Hill, L. Coke, m.e.i.c, Recent Advancement in the Construction 

and Operation of Grain Elevators 147 

Honour Roll and War Trophies Committee, Annual Report .... 51 

Houston, G. N., m.e.i.c, personal 217 

Hunter, J. H., m.e.i.c, personal 128 

Hydraulic Efficiency Tests, correspondence 40 

Hydraulic Mining, W. D. Armstrong 293 

Hydraulic Regulating Gates, F. Newell, M.E.I.C 439 

Ibsen, H., The New Niagara Arch Bridge 159, 205 

Improvement in Design and Appearance of Highway Bridges, 

C. J. Desbaillets, m.e.i.c 201 

Institute Committees, 1925 163, 211, 268, 307, 365, 423, 472, 510 

Institute's War Memorial and Record 169 

International Co-Operation, Committee on, Annual Report. ... 51 

International Electro-Technical Commission, editorial 424 

International Electro-Technical Commission of the Hague, 

Report of the Meeting of the Advisory Committees 467 

Jamieson, E. A., a.m.e.i.c, personal 311 

Johnston, J. 1 ., M.E.I.C, personal 215 

Keith, Fraser, S., m.e.i.c, Engineering Education — An Engineer- 
ing Society Viewpoint 118 

Personal 313 

Kelvin Law, A Re-consideration of the, correspondence 142 

Kiefer, Francis, Forestry 297 

Lake Louise Hotel, Extension to, H. S. Bare, a.m.e.i.c 377 

Lamb, Prof. H. M., a.m.e.i.c, obituary 214 

Legislation and By-laws Committee, Annual Report 47 

Leonard Medal Committee, Annual Report 50 

Presentation 125, 164 

Library and House Committee, Annual Report 47 

Library, Publications added to the, 134, 171, 190, 232, 258, 320, 363, 

466,505 

Library, The Institute, editorial 425 

Lindsay, A. M., a.m.e.i.c, personal 129 

Lofgren, G. E., The Steam Accumulator 352 

Look, R. V., Affiliate e.i.c, Creosoting of Material as Relating 

to Constructive Engineering 10 

Lundberg, Alex, obituary 165 

Mackay, Prof., H. M., m.e.i.c, Some Thoughts Regarding 

Engineering Education 113 

Mackenzie, Prof. C. J., m.e.i.c, Concrete Deterioration in Alkali 

Soils 462 

Mackenzie, Prof. C. J., m.e.i.c. Engineering Education 110 

MacMillan, J. M., jr.E.i.c, obituary 125 

Magrath, C. A., m.e.i.c, personals 427, 489, 491 

Marchant, Prof. E. W., d.Sc, Special Features in Connection 
with the Generation and Distribution of Electrical Energy 

in Great Britain 245 



Page 

Maritime Professional Meeting, editorials 356, 390 

Report 451 

Marriott. E. G., a.m.e.i.c, and E. Davis, m.e.i.c, British Colum- 
bia Dams 299 

Marrs, C. H., m.e.i.c, obituary 391 

Mather, Richard H., a.m.e.i.c, personal 358 

McArthur, J. J., M.E.I.C, obituary 213 

McCaw, J. B., s.e.i.c, obituary 256 

McLean, W. A., m.e.i.c, personal 91 

McGill University, List of Graduates, 1925 259 

Meetings, Announcement of 39, 92,134, 464, 500 

Mining, Hydraulic, W. D. Armstrong 293 

Mitchell, G. B., m.e.i.c, personal 129 

Montmorency Falls Bridge Design Competition 167, 320 

Morrisey, Lt.-Col. T. S., a.m.e.i.c, personal 310 

Moberly, Memorial Prize, The Walter 266 

Motor Vehicle as a Transportation Facility, The, R. A. C. Henry, 

m.e.i.c 195 

Muirhead, J., m.e.i.c, personal 129, 461 

Mullen, Chas. A., m.e.i.c, Proprietary Asphalt Pavements 

Covered by Trade Names and Patents 15 

Municipal Underground Conduit System of Montreal, The, G. E. 

Templeman, a.m.e.i.c 367 

Munro, W. Hamilton, m.e.i.c, personal 90 

Murdoch, G. G., M.E.I.C, personal 129 

New Esquimalt Drydock, The, J. P. Forde, m.e.i.c 477 

Newell, F., m.e.i.c, Hydraulic Regulating Gates 439 

Niagara Arch Bridge, The New, H. Ibsen 159, 205 

Nominating Committee, 1925, report of 50 

Nova Scotia Technical College, List of Graduates, 1925 259 

Obituaries: — 

Beck, Sir Adam 39^ 

Brinkman, Francis Leslie, jr.E.i.c 125 

Bruce, Robert Frederick Harvey, m.e.i.c 125 

Calder, Leslie R., a.m.e.i.c 165 

Cameron, Charles Frederick, A.M.E.I.C 357 

Daniel, Major William Tulloch, a.m.e.i.c 490 

Edington, John, m.e.i.c 357 

Fitzmaurice, Lt.-Col. Sir Maurice, m.e.i.c 26 

Foss, Charles Orrin, m.e.i.c 257 

Hagarty, Reginald Edward Walter, a.m.e.i.c 257 

Hardman, John Ernest, m.e.i.c 214 

Henry, Arthur Robert, m.e.i.c » 426 

Lamb, Prof. Henry M.. a.m.e.i.c 214 

Lundberg, Alex , 165 

MacMillan, Malcolm James, jr.E.i.c 125 

Marrs, Charles Hawkins, M.E.I.C 391 

McA-thur. J. J., m.e.i.c 213 

McCaw , John Blakelock, S.E.I.C 256 

PaJden, John Edmund, S.E.I.C 165 

Richardson, William Francis, m.e.i.c 125 

Ruttan, Brig.-Gen. H. N. Ruttan, Hon. M.E.I.C 460 

Smith, Richard Henry, A.M.E.I.C 309 

Stewart, William James, m.e.i.c 255 

Taker, Frank Oliver, Jr.E.i.c 165 

Thompson, Hedley Vicars, M.E.I.C 256 

Tracy, Thos. Henry, m.e.i.c 490 

Wise, Frederic Ayshford, m.e.i.c 490 

Officers' Ballot, Nominations for, editorial 459 

Oxley, J. M., m.e.i.c, Portland Cement 3 

Pacific Great Eastern Railway, The Problem of the 189 

Padden, J. E., s.e.i.c, obituary 165 

Pavements Covered by Trade Names and Patents, Proprietary 

Asphalt, Charles A. Mullen, m.e.i.c 15 

Plummer Medal Committee, Annual Report 50 

Porter, Sam. G., m.e.i.c, personal 216 

Portland Cement, J. M. Oxley, m.e.i.c 3 

Power, Cost of Electric, P. T. Davies, m.e.i.c 337 

Pouring Concrete in Zero Weather, C. N. Shanly, M.E.I.C 78 

Power Development in Norway and Sweden, K. H. Smith, m.e.i.c 344 

Power, Discussion on Export of 172 

Power, Export of Hydro-Electric, editorial 458 

Preliminary Notice 41, 101, 143, 191, 233, 269, 321,364, 400,434,473, 507 

Prizes, Award of Institute, editorial 83 

Proprietary Asphalt Pavements covered by Trade Names and 

Patents, Charles A, Mullen, m.e.i.c 15 

Queen's University, List of Graduates 1925 259 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



December, 1925 



Page 

Rannie. .1.1.. m.f.i.i.. The Geodetic Survey of Canada 483 

Recent Advancement in Construction and Operation of Grain 

Elevators. L. Coke Hill. M.E.I.C 147 

Report of Council for the Year 1924 -15 

Richardson. \Y. F., \t t:.i «... obituary . 125 

Ruttan. Brig.-Gen. C. H . Hon. M.E.I.C, obituary 460 

Scientific and Industrial Research Council of Alberta, Prof. E. 

osfield, m.e.i.c 419 

Secretarial Appointment, editorial 184 

Sewer Design in the Montreal District. Consideration of Rain- 
fall and Run-off in Connection with, J. G. Caron, a.m.e.i.c 237 
Shanly, C N . M.E.I.C, Pouring Concrete in Winter Weather. ... 78 
Smith. K. H.. M.E.I.C, Power Development in Norway and 

Sweden 344 

Personal 130 

Smith. R. H.. a.m.e.i.c. obituary 309 

Smith. W. Nelson, M.E.I.C., personal 167 

Some Economics in the Steam Plant. J. H. Blake, a.m.e.i.c 379 

Special Features in Connection with the Generation and Distri- 
bution of Electrical Energy in Great Britain. Prof. E. W T . 

Marchant, D.sc 24o 

Standardization of Methods of Rating Rivers 430 

Stansfield. Prof. E., Scientific and Industrial Research Council of 

Alberta 419 

Steam Accumulator, The, G. E. Lofgren 352 

Steam Plant. Some Economics in the, J. H. Blake, a.m.e.i.c 379 

Stewart. W. J.. m.e.i.c., obituary 255 

Strauss, J. B., m.e.i.c, personal 28 

Students' Activities Committee, Annual Report 50 

Students' Prizes Committee, Annual Report 50 

Surveyer. Arthur. D. Eng., m.e.i.c, Presidential Address 81 

Swan, A. D., m.e.i.c, Vancouver Harbour 405 

Swan. Major W. G.. m.e.i.c, Vancouver Harbour Development 

Since 1920 417 

Personal 130 



Page 

Tables for the Calculation of Short Transmission Lines 456 

Taker, F. O., jr.E.i.c, obituary 165 

Taylor, A. D., a.m.e.i.c, personal 427 

Templeman, G. E., a.m.e.i.c, The Municipal Underground Con- 
duit System of Montreal 367 

Thompson, H. V., m.e.i.c, obituary 256 

Thornton, K. B., m.e.i.c, personal 90 

Tracy, T. H. m.e.i.c, obituary 490 

Transfers and Elections28, 91, 131, 170, 217, 258, 311, 429, 465, 497 

Transmission Lines, Tables for the Calculation of Short 456 

Transportation as Related to National Development, correspon- 
dence 40 

Transportation Facility, The Motor Vehicle as a, R. A. C. Henry, 

m.e.i.c 195 

University of Alberta, List of Graduates, 1925 259 

University of Manitoba, List of Graduates, 1925 259 

University of Toronto, List of Graduates, 1925 : 259 

University of Saskatchewan, List of Graduates, 1925 259 

Vancouver Harbour, A. D. Swan, m.e.i.c 405 

Vancouver Harbour Development Since 1920, W. G. Swan, 

m.e.i.c 417 

Wanklyn, F. L., m.e.i.c, personal 90 

War Memorial and Record, Institute's 169 

Wardle, J. M., a.m.e.i.c. Highway Work in the Canadian 

National Parks 362 

Western Professional Meeting, Editorials 254, 308 

Report 385 

Wicksteed, H. K., m.e.i.c, personal 128 

Wilson, T. H., a.m.e.i.c, personal 89 

Wise, F. A., m.e.i.c, obituary 490 

Work of the Canadian Railway Troops in the Great War,, 1914- 

1919, Lt.-Col. A. C. Garner, D.s.o 249 



/ 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



^GEARS 
OF FINEST 
QUALITY 




HEAVY^ 

MACHINING 

FACILITIES 



GUILLOTINE SHEARS 



Supplied with belt 
or motor drive. 



Capacities — Guts square 
bars 2%" to 4" 
Cuts flat bars 7" xl^" 
to 12" x 2}i' 



Bar feeding 
attachment may be 
applied to this type of 
machine if desired 




Pl2^02 



The John Bertram & Sons Co., Limited 

Dundas, Ontario, Canada 



MONTREAL 

723 Drummond Bldg. 



TORONTO 
32 Front St. W. 



VANCOUVER 
613 Bank of Nova Scotia Bldg 



WALKERVILLE 
Imperial Bldg. 



WINNIPEG 
1205 McArthur Bldg. 



HALIFAX 
Roy Bldg. 



Men of influence consult Journal advertising. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 




67-A, FOR STEAM PRESSURES 
OF 350 POUNDS 
3007-H, FOR HYDRAULIC 
PRESSURES OF 3000 POUNDS 



7S-A, FOR STEAM PRESSURES 
OF 500 POUNDS 
47-A, FOR STEAM PRESSURES 
OF 150 POUNDS 



53-A. FOR STEAM PRESSURES 
OF 250 POUNDS 
1205-H, FOR HYDRAULIC 
PRESSURES OF 1500 POUNDS 



HIGHER PRESSURES, MORE 

Newly designed to fulfill the require- 
ments of high degrees of superheat and 
extreme ranges of temperature, these 
steel valves embody the latest princi- 
ples of construction. Crane cast steel 
gives lasting strength to their bodies, 



SUPERHEAT-WITH SAFETY 

bonnets, and discs. Monel metal insures 
equally satisfying endurance to their 
seat rings and stems. Crane factory 
tests guarantee their safety. Screwed 
and flanged fittings are also supplied for 
the same ranges of working pressures. 



CRAN E 

CRANE LIMITED. GENERAL OFFICES: 386 BEAVER HALL SQUARE, MONTREAL 
CRANE-BENNETT, LTD., HEAD OFFICE: 45-51 LEMAN STREET, LONDON, ENG. 

Branches and Sales Offices in 21 Cities in Canada and British Isles 
Works: Montreal, Canada, and Ipswich, England 




Fittings of Cast Steel for any {Forking Pressure 



Write for the advertisers' literature mentioning The Journal. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



TYPE H STANDS FOR 

DURABI 




THIS is an untouched photograph 
of a Type H Transformer which 
fell 22 feet upon a concrete pavement 
without electrical injury. A striking 
example of durability! 

May we send you a copy of Bul- 
letin No. ASD4005, which explains 
the essential features that should 
be insisted upon when ordering 
transformers ? 

Fill in the attached coupon, and mail to our nearest 
Branch Office. 

"Made in Canada by" 

Canadian General Electric Co.,Limited 



HEAD OFFICE 




TORONTO 



Branch Offices: Halifax, Sydney, St. John, Montreal, Quebec, Cobalt, Ottawa, Hamilton, London, Windsor, 

South Porcupine, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, Nelson and Victoria. 

When purchasing equipment consider The Journal advertiser. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL January, 1925 



Fame 



Success brings Fame 

And during the past three quarters of a century the name 
of Geo. W. Reed & Co. Limited has become famous 
throughout Canada as a firm that can carry any Sheet 
Metal work or any Roofing job through to a prompt, 
successful conclusion. 

It has always been the policy of our Company to keep 
ahead of the times: to have the best in plant, machinery, 
and equipment: to employ only skilled mechanics who can 
conform to the Reed Standards: to deal fairly and squarely 
with one and all. 

The measure of our success 
may be judged by our ever 
increasing volume of business. 



Some of the Things we Make 



Elevator Buckets: Grain Chutes: Conveyor Chain: Conductors: 
Exhaust Systems: Anchor Bar Skylights: "Almetl" Firedoors 
and Shutters: Steel Stairs: Steel Shelving: Sheet Metal 
work of every description. 

Roofing of Every Type 

Let us figure your requirements 



Geo. W. Reed <& Co. 

LIMITED 

Established 1852 MONTREAL 



Ontario Representative t 
H. A. J. ALDINGTON, 53 yonge st. arcade, TORONTO. 



Every advertisement is a message to you. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



j- ' ■ 




■•*•& 




SEWER PIPE of 
DEPENDABILITY 



FROM the first mixing of concrete until 
the final inspection by the Canadian 
Inspection and Testing Company, Limited, 
McCracken Sewer Pipe undergo every 
possible test to insure their being what you 
are expending good money to buy — the 
best, most satisfactory Sewer Pipe on the 
market. 

For strength and density and permanence, 
specify McCracken. 

McCracken Pipe is thoroughly tested to 
determine crushing strength, impermeabil- 
ity and resistance to internal pressure. 

With McCracken Pipe there is no seepage, 
no percolation; it is impervious to ordinary 
sewage, gases, rot, rust and other agents of 
decay. It is made in accordance with 
standard specifications. The economy of 
the McCracken Sewer Pipe is unequalled by 
any other dependable pipe. 

Write for complete Information and quotations. 

General Sales Agents 

JOHN E. RUSSELL COMPANY, LIMITED 

903 Reford Building, Toronto, Ontario 




SEWER PIPE 

"The Pipe That Endures" 



■ * m » 



i— ^^^B^^^^^fc^^J^ 



Sanitary Sewer being laid at Guelph, Ont. 




Every advertiser is worthy of your support. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



(EMENT - 1 UN 

X^ y (trade mark? 




Work done and photograph furnished by Traylor-Dewey Contracting Co., 

Allentown, Pa. 



GUNITE was chosen by the New York Shipbuilding 
Company, Camden, New Jersey, for the walls of their 
new buildings, which were erected during the war 
period, on account of the rapid construction and 
fireproofing quality. 

Their judgment has now been confirmed by the 
National Board of Fire Underwriters in a report 
issued May 12, 1922, which gives 2 in. single GUNITE 
walls a rating of ONE HOUR and hollow GUNITE 
walls a rating of THREE HOURS and they are an 
absolute FIRE STOP. 



LET US GIVE YOU FULL DETAILS 



CANADIAN REPRESENTATIVES: 

The General Supply Co. of Canada Limited 

OTTAWA 
MONCTON, MONTREAL, TORONTO, NORTH BAY, WINNIPEG, VANCOUVER. 



Advertisements have an educational value. Read them carefully. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



The New TAYLOR 

gives the mechanical stoker 
a new status 



The 



Jayhr 

STOKER 



the simplest, 

most efficient, 
most economic 
system of combustion 



IF you do not know the NEW TAYLOR your 
conception of the possibilities of the 
mechanical stoker is due for a radical revision. 

It's as far ahead of the mechanical stoker of 
yesterday as the modern automobile is ahead 
of the first benzene buggy. 

When the TAYLOR STOKER can take coal 
right from the cars and burn it with an 
efficiency of over 92.7% when it can make a 
boiler deliver an output averaging 528% of 
its rating, with a high mark of 603% — when 
it can reduce heat loss due to unconsumed 
combustible in the ash to as low as 4/10 of 
1% — when it can produce such results 
without demanding of the operator anything 
more than intelligent supervision — it's time 
to bring your conception of the TAYLOR 
STOKER up to date. 



You can do that very easily by just tearing 
off and mailing the coupon below — It will 
bring you a copy of our new Catalog that is 
written for the Executive as well as for the 
Engineer. It is fully illustrated. 



Mail the Coupon 



NOW 






* 



Tayl 



or Stoker Co., Ltd., /&? 






v 



Toronto, Ont. 



$0 & 



w. 



Principal Sales Office : 

416 Phillips Place 

MONTREAL, QUE. 



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Journal advertisers are discriminating advertisers. 



10 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



PRODUCTS 



EQUIPMENT & SERVICE 

That Lowers Power Plant Costs 

Each piecebf equipment mentioned below will do all we claim. You will find that it 
will stretch your 'dollar a little further and incidentally add you to the great number of our 
satisfied clients-wise men who availed themselves of that which we offer in "Reco Service". 

You are placed under no obligations when requesting this service or information on any of the 

"RECO PRODUCTS" 



Griscom-Russell Equipment 

Feed Water Heaters 
Storage Heaters 
Heat Exchangers 
Separa tors— Filters 
Expansion Joints 
Evaporators— Coolers, etc. 



Cash Standard Valves 
Pressure Reducing and 

Regulating Valves 
Fan Engine Regulators 
Ammonia Expansion Valves 
Relief Valves 
Pump Governors, etc. 



Harrington Travelling Grate Stokers 
National Stokers 

Craig System Draft Control 
Stets Feed Water Controller 
Ellison Draft Gauges 
Troy Engines 

Suspended Flat Arches 

Parker-Kalon Drive Screws 



As sole licensees for the manufacture, sale or distribution in Canada of the apparatus listed, this 
Company is able to offer the power plant owner the best apparatus of its kind on the market. 

Riley Engineering Co. of Canada, Limited 

A Division of the Underfeed Stoker Company of Canada, Limited 

146 King Street, West, Toronto, Canada 
3 St. Nicholas St., Montreal 

OUR SERVICE IS NOT COMPLETE UNTIL YOU PROFIT BY IT 







j/S. Lateral Retort'Stofeer 



TRADE MARK 




The proved advantages of multiple 
retort stoker firing (high efficiency and 
capacity) are made available for boiler 
units from 150 h.p. to 500 h.p. in the 
"Lateral Retort" Stoker. At the same 
time the simplicity and ease of operation 
of the single retort, side cleaning type 
are retained. 

t The correct proportioning of air and 
coal, automatically controlled; underfeed 
action all the way; and sufficient retort 
volume, are all factors that make the 
"Lateral" economical in operation and 
quick to respond to steam demands or 
meet overloads. 

Bulletin L, will give you a full description 
of this stoker. Ask for it. 



The Underfeed Stoker Co. of Canada, Ltd. 

(Affiliated with the Riley Engineering Company of Canada, Limited) 

146 King Street, West, Toronto, Canada 



Quebec : Cleaton Co., Ltd., Montreal 

British Columbia: 
P. A. Goepel, Vancouver 



Manitoba and Eastern Saskatchewan ; 
W. W. Hicks & Co., Winnipeg 



Advertisers appreciate the engineer's purchasing power. 



x 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



11 




The buildings shown above are but a few of the many 
equipped throughout with Genuine 

JENKINS MADE-IN-CANADA VALVES 

Men who make their purchases from the standpoint of quality, durability and 
dependability, specify Genuine Jenkins valves because they have no equal. 

Jenkins valves are made in a variety of types JENKINS BROS., LIMITED 
for different services — water, steam, gas, air, Head office and works: 103 st.Remist., Montreal. 
etc. and range in size from 1/8" to 24". sales oflices: Toronto. Vancouver. 

European Branch: LONDON W.C. 2. Eng. 
Factories: 

Write for a copy of Catalogue No. 9 which gives full details. Montreal, Bridgeport, Elizabeth. 

Always marked with the "Diamond" 

eiuansValves 

f SINCE 1664 

Mention of The Journal to advertisers advances your interests. 




12 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 




Attractive new concrete bridge spanning the Otonabee River at Lakefield, Ont. This bridge 
was built in two sections supported by two shore piers and a pier at the center of the river. The 
deck is of concrete beam and slab construction. One unusual feature of the Lakefield Bridge is 
that it forms part of a kill and is built at a grade, the west end being considerably higher 
than the east end. 

LOW CEMENT PRICES 

Stimulate Building Activity 

With cement prices lower here than anywhere else on the American Continent and abundant stocks 
available, renewed building activity is noticeable on all sides. This activity is further stimulated by 
the fact that Federal statistics show building costs generally, to be lower than since the outbreak 
of war in 1914. 

Ground is being broken on many undertakings, both public and private, that would not otherwise have 
been started so soon and those responsible are reaping the benefit in lesser building costs. 



Start your building projects NOW. 
degree of economy. 



Build with Concrete for fire-safety, permanence and an unusual 



Specify 

CANADA CEMENT 

Uniformly Reliable. 



We maintain a Service Department 
to co-operate in all lines of work for 
which Concrete is adapted. Our lib- 
rary is comprehensible and is at your 
disposal at all times without charge. 



CANADA CEMENT COMPANY Limited 

Canada Cement Company Building 
Phillips Square Montreal 



MONTREAL 



SALES OFFICES AT: 

TORONTO WINNIPEG 



CALGARY 



CANADA CEMENT 

CONCRETE 

rOW PCBWANCNCC 



Make Journal advertising one hundred per cent efficient. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



13 




Latest design portable type machine, mounted 
on all-steel welded truck with roller bearings. 
Designed and built in Canada. 




THE 

LINCOLN ELECTRIC CO 

OF CANADA, LIMITED 

Manufacturers of INDUCTION MOTORS AND ARC-WELDERS 

Head Office and Works: 
136 JOHN STREET, TORONTO. 

Branch Office: 
112 CORISTINE BUILDING, MONTREAL. 



Valuable suggestions appear in the advertising pages. 



14 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 




Products of World Wide Reputation 
TURBO- ALTERNATORS 




GROUP OF LANCASHIRE TURBO-ALTERNATORS INSTALLED.INJAN INDUSTRIALJPOWER STATION 

Fundamentally Sound Design. 

Rotor and Shaft machined in one piece from solid 

steel forging. 
Patented method of securing rotor windings in 

slots. 
Rotor construction eliminates vibration troubles. 
Extremely rigid bracing of Stator End Windings. 
Efficient and Uniform Ventilation. 

The Repeat Orders received endorse 
their efficient, consistent performance. 

Ask for List 1200. 

LANCASHIRE DYNAMO & MOTOR CO. 



of Canada, Ltd. 



HEAD OFFICE: 

TorOIltO, « Niagara Street. 

BRANCH OFFICE: 

Montreal, 275 Craig Street Weet. 



AGENTS: 
Smith Robinson & Co. Ltd. 

1059 Hamilton Street 



Vancouver, 

\Tis*4-*\ri<i Smith Robinson & Co. Ltd 

V ILlUlld) 925 Douglas Street 

Winnipeg, 



MUMFORD MEDLAND LTD. 
103 Princess Street 



15 YEARS IN CANADA 



Mentioning The Journal gives you additional consideration. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



15 



Vickers Piccard Pictet 
Speed Governor For 

Water Turbines 





ZJ 



Vi'CK£ti: 

PRODUCT'S 



EJ9Jl£;i3 

A}n Com pnz^oiis 
rivers ' 

. LLEVATJIIS 

5-rzzL Pla-/£ Y/on'A 




SENSITIVE— SIMPLE— DURABLE 

This Governor is the result of long experience in design and operation. It 
embodies the very highest quality of materials and workmanship. 

Despite its rugged construction it is so sensitive that a variation of turbine 
speed of 0.5% is immediately corrected. 

There is no oscillation of gates or deflector during normal operation, there 
being only one wave after a sudden change of load. This feature prevents 
unnecessary wear and tear caused by continuous movement of the regulating 
cylinders, and also prevents velocity oscillations in the feed pipes of the 
turbines. 

Send for Descriptive Literature. 



Canadian y£ 




Limited 



Uptown Sales Office 

225 Beaver Hall Hill, Montreal 

Phone, Lancaster 5291 



Works and General Office 
at Maisonneuve 

Phone, Clairval 2490 



Branch Offices: 
68 Higgins Avenue 1306 Bk. of Hamilton Bldg. 



WINNIPEG 



TORONTO 



Buy your equipment from Journal advertisers. 



16 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Lt. Col. R. G. Stewart. 

President 



E. A. Larmonth. 
Vice-President 



E. O. Leahey. 

Man. Director 



J. D. Cunningham 

Secy.Treas. 



E. 0. LEAHEY & COMPANY 

^^^^^ = ^^ = ^_ LIMITED = ___ = ^^^_ 

GENERAL CONTRACTORS 




Electric Dredge on Queenston-Chippawa Power Development 



Head Office: 

OTTAWA, 

Ont. 



Remember The Journal when buying apparatus. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



17 




-Unloading coal from car to 
storage, without shovelers, at 
the McCord Radiator Co., a 
Barber-Greene Coal Feeder 
and two Barber-Greene Con- 
veyors increased the speed of 
storing 250%. cutting its 
costs 75%. J\lo track pit is 
required. 



3— A Barber-Greene Conveyor 
coaling a ship at the Tampa 
Coal Co. Be/ore noon, this 
and two other Barber- 
Greenes had loaded a car 
with gravel, coaled a ship, 
and unloaded and stored a 
car of coke. 




2 — Another McCord Radiator 
scene. The feeder, in a per- 
manent track hopper, feeds 
to the first conveyor, which 
relays the coal to the second 
conveyor. In this manner, a 
car was unloaded in 50 
minutes. This equipment 
saves the company $1731 on 
every car handled. 





4 — Showing how a single Bar- 
ber-Greene Conveyor has en- 
abled the D. L. & W. Coal 
Co. to increase their storage 
75.000 tons. It will handle 
at least 25 cars a day. 

5 — Barber - Greene Conveyors 
unloading a car of coke at 
the Tampa Coal Co — one 
of three widely differing fobs 
completed in five hours. 



75.000 Tons Increased Storage 

— with a Single Barber-Greene 



The D. L. & W. Coal Co., of Dover, N. J., bought a Barber- 
Greene 30-foot Conveyor to increase their coal storage, 
later lengthening it to 45 feet, and then to 60 feet. 
When asked about the Barber-Greene's performance, the 
superintendent of the company said: "It will do all you 
claimed for it — and then some. I figure that with the 
60-foot conveyor, we can stock an additional 75,000 tons. 
It will handle at least 25 cars per day." 

The layout is instructive. The photograph above shows the 
30-foot Barber-Greene shortly after installation. It was 
placed on top of an 85-foot coal pile, and laid horizontally 
on rollers so that it could be pushed out as the pile ad- 
vanced. Taking the coal as it came from the "trimmers," 
it distributed it well out over the pile. 

One of the invaluable features of the Barber-Greene is that 
its intermediate sections are of Warren Truss Construc- 
tion, standardized and interchangeable. Thus you can 
start with a short conveyor, and as the need arises you can 



lengthen it in multiples of 3 feet to any desired length — 
at the same time maintaining a powerful, rigid conveyor 
that will not get out of alignment. 

With wages high, and immigration restriction threaten- 
ing to raise them even higher, coal and industrial plants 
that are large employers of unskilled labor face a costly 
and serious problem. 

The only effective solution is to stop depending on un- 
skilled labor to handle your product. Reports of Barber- 
Greene performances under every conceivable condition, 
prove clearly that Barber-Greene methods will accomplish 
this work at several times the speed of hand labor, and at 
far less cost. For instance, the McCord Radiator Co., with 
a Barber-Greene Coal Feeder and two Barber-Greene Con- 
veyors, have increased the speed of storing coal 250%, 
reducing its cost 75%. 

Send for Catalog E. It may hold the key to your unsolved 
material-handling problems. 



MUSSENS LIMITED 



MONTREAL 
TORONTO 



WINNIPEG 

VANCOUVER 



The advertiser is ready to give full information. 



18 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



dll 



Mffjj 



. «* 



HAMILTON 



HAMILTON 



THE 

STEEL 
COMPANY 

OF ] 

vcanadaV 

LIMITED 



MONTREAL 



k_ 



_»^ 



JL 



11 



When buying consult first Journal advertisers. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



19 



Jinn o an c em out 



EFFECTIVE January 1st, 1925, a newly incor- 
porated company, holding a Dominion charter 
as Vickers & Combustion Engineering Limited, 
has taken over the Canadian sales and other 
interests of the following firms: 

(1) Vickers Limited, London, England. 

(2) Combustion Engineering Corporation Limited, Toronto, 
Ont. 

(3) International Combustion Engineering Corporation, 
New York City. 

(4) The Industrial Department, Canadian Vickers Limited, 
Montreal, Que. 



The directors and officers of Vickers & Combustion Engin- 
eering Limited are as follows: 

Chairman, Commander Sir A. Trevor Dawson, Bart., R.N., 
managing-director, Vickers Ltd., England. 

Vice-Chairman, George E. Learnard, president, International 
Combustion Engineering Corporation, New York. 

President and Chief Executive Officer, A. J. T. Taylor, 
president, Combustion Engineering Corporation Ltd., 
Toronto. 

First Vice-President, A. R. Gillham, general manager, 
Canadian Vickers Ltd., Montreal. 

Vice-President, J. V. Santry, president, Combustion Engin- 
eering Corporation, New York. 

Secretary-Treasurer, John Anderson, vice-president, Com- 
bustion Engineering Corporation Ltd., Toronto. 

Director, W. Hamilton Munro, chief hydraulic engineer, 
Vickers Ltd., Barrow-in-Furness, England. 



PRODUCTS 

By the combination of the engineering and manufacturing 
facilities of Vickers Ltd., the International Combustion 
Engineering Corporation, and associated companies, the 
firm of Vickers & Combustion Engineering Ltd. are placed 
in control of a line of power-plant equipment that is 
unique in its comprehensiveness. 

Whatever the power may be — water power, steam or oil — 
Vickers & Combustion Engineering Ltd. can equip the 
power-plant from ground to roof, in collaboration with 
the consulting engineers of Canada. Among the company's 
principal products are Hydraulic Turbines and Accessories; 
Penstocks, Governors, etc.; Diesel Engines and Oil Engines 
from 5 h.p. to 15,000 h.p.; Steam Engines, Steam Turbines 
and Steam Boilers of all types; Pulverized Fuel Equipment; 
Automatic Stokers; Ruths Steam Accumulators; Nord- 
strom Waste Wood Dryers; Mining Machinery; Marine 
Engines; General Machinery. 



In addition to the machinery manufactured in the 
company's own plants or those of its associates, Vickers & 
Combustion Engineering Ltd. will sell certain auxiliary 
equipment for which the company holds exclusive Canadian 
sales agency, including the following: 

Coal and ash-handling equipment, R. H. Beaumont Co.; 
power-plant specialties, Elliott Co.; forced-draft and oil- 
firing equipment, Jas. Howden & Co. Ltd.; boiler-room 
instruments, Uehling Instrument Co.; flat suspended boiler 
arches and special furnaces, M. H. Derrick Co.; steam tur- 
bines, Terry Steam Turbine Co. 

COMPLETE POWER STATIONS 

Steam, hydro-electric or oil. One contract price, one over- 
all guarantee, one responsibility throughout. 

Prominent among the engineers that will form the technical 
staff of Vickers & Combustion Engineering Ltd. are: Chief 
Engineer, Hydraulic Division, Maxwell Sauer, formerly 
hydraulic engineer of design, Ontario Hydro-Electric Power 
Commission; Chief Engineer, Steam Division, W. E. Maclean, 
formerly construction engineer, State Hydro-Electric Depart- 
ment, Tasmania; Chief Engineer, Pulp and Paper Division, 
G. E. Lofgren, formerly engineer, Ruths Steam Accumulator 
Co., Stockholm, Sweden; Manager of Sales, Montreal Office, 
F. S. B. Heward, formerly director, Jas. Howden & Co. of 
America; Manager, Winnipeg Office, John G. Hall, formerly 
assistant superintendent, Back River Paper Co.; Manager, 
Vancouver Office, H. J. McCreery, formerly Toronto manager, 
Canadian Sirocco Co. 



Working in close association with these engineers there will 

also be the technical staffs of all the companies associated 

with Vickers & Combustion Engineering Ltd., including 

the following: 

Vickers Limited, London, England. 

International Combustion Engineering Corporation, New 

York City. 
Canadian Vickers Limited, Montreal, Que. 
Raymond Bros. Impact Pulverizing Co., Chicago, 111. 
Underfeed Stoker Co. Ltd., London, England. 
Vickers & International Combustion Engineering Co., 

London, Eng. 
Coxe Traveling Grate Co., Port Carbon, Pa. 
Kohlenscheidungs-Gesellschaft, Berlin, Germany. 
Green Engineering Co., East Chicago, Indiana. 
Frederick Iron & Steel Co., Frederick, Md. 
Vickers-Petters Limited, Ipswich, England. 
Societe Anonyme des Foyers Automatiques, Paris, France. 
Coshocton Iron Co., Monongahela, Pa. 
N. V. Carbo-Union Industrie Maatschappij, Rotterdam, 

Holland. 




HYDRAULIC TURBINES STEAM ACCUMULATORS 
STEAM TURBINES STEAM BOILERS 



MONTREAL 
Canada Cement Bldg. 



TORONTO 
Bk. Hamilton Bldg. 




MINING MACHINERY COMBUSTION EQUIPMENT 
OIL ENGINES GENERAL MACHINERY 



WINNIPEG 
Electric R'y Chambers 



VANCOUVER 
Credit Foncier Bldg. 



Mention The Journal when dealing with advertisers. 



20 



THE ENGINEE'RING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



LIGHT RAILS 



. ji? 



1 } 



M 



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til 



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itHin the Empire ,' .. 

LigHt Rails for Mines, Construction Operations 

and General Contractors' Use 
(from 12 to 45 pounds per yard) 

BRITISH EMPIRE STEEL 



CANADA CEMENT BUILDING 



CORPORATION LIMITED 



MONTREAL . CANADA 



Reprnenlnliv- 



■1t & Webb. Limited Winnipeg 



Firms advertising in The Journal are considered as absolutely reputable. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



21 



NOW MADE IN CANADA 

Standardized Packings 



Select your Packing from this chart 


CONDITIONS 


RODS AND PLUNGERS 
(Reciprocating and Oscillating) 


ROTATING 

RODS 
& SHAFTS 


PISTONS 
(inside- 
packed) 


SHEET 
PACKING 


Packing Space 
% in. or more 


Packing Space 
less than % in. 


STEAM 


Sea Rings 

or 
Kearsarge 


Mogul 


Mogul 




Service 


HOT 
WATER 


Sea Rings 

or 
Duplex 


Mogul 


Mogul 


Universal 


Service 


COLD 
WATER 


Sea Rings 

or 
Duplex 


Mogul 


Mogul 


Universal 


Service 


AIR 


Sea Rings 

or 
Kearsarge 


Mogul 


Mogul 


Universal 


Service 


AMMONIA 


Kearsarge 


Mogul 


Mogul 


Universal 


Service 


BRINE 


Sea Rings 

or 
Duplex 


Mogul 


Mogul 


Universal 


Service 


Boiler Manhole and Handhole Plates — Kearsarge Gaskets 


NOTE: such conditions, however, we prefer to make 
The seven packings listed can be used for a specific recommendation based on exact 
many conditions not given above. Some of knowledge of the kind of fluid, its tempera- 
them may be used for Oils, Asphalts, Gaso- ture, pressure, and other important factors, 
line, Gas, and various chemical fluids. For Refer such problems to our nearest branch. 





AT the new Canadian Johns-Manville Factory are made the 
■ standardized packings which have marked a new era of 
economy in hundreds of Canadian industrial plants. 

In the old days plant stock rooms were cluttered up with as many 
different packing styles as there are neckties in a clothing store. 

Today these plants select their packing stocks from the chart 
above. A few packing shelves carry all the packings each plant 
needs. Capital is freed for other uses, mistakes are prevented, 
ordering is simplified, time and money are saved. 

And these plants find these packings last longer — which means 
fewer shut-downs for re-packing. Send for a catalog and let us 
show you what they will do in your plant. 

CANADIAN JOHNS-MANVILLE CO. LIMITED 

Toronto Montreal Ottawa Winnipeg Vancouver 

Johns-Manville 

Power Plant Materials 

Don't fail to mention The Journal when writing advertisers. 




22 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



THE HAMILTON BRIDGE WORKS COMPANY LIMITED 



HEAD OFFICE AND WORKS 

Hamilton, Canada 

Engineers, Manufacturers and Erectors 



BRANCH OFFICE: 

410 General Assurance Bldg. 

Bay and Temperance Sts. 

TORONTO. 



—OF EVERY GLASS OF- 



STRUCTURAL STEEL AND BRIDGE WORK 

OFFICE AND MILL BUILDINGS, HIGHWAY AND RAILWAY BRIDGES 

MINE BUILDINGS AND HEADFRAMES. 




We carry a large stock of Structural Shapes and plates and your require- 
ments can be immediately filled. Our large shops, with a capacity of 
36,000 tons annually, enable us to turn out whatever you require, 
from the largest building to a few beams, in a surprisingly short time. 
Orders for plain material which has only to be cut to length can be 
shipped within twenty-four hours. 



Consider the advertiser, his course is that of wisdom. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



23 




Manufactured in Canada by 



Horttem < Electric Company 

LIMITED f ' 

MONTREAL TORONTO WINDSOR CALGARY 

HALIFAX HAMILTON WINNIPEG EDMONTON 

QUEBEC LONDON REGINA VANCOUVER 

"Makers of the Nations Telephones' 



MAMirACTUMG 

Manual Telephones 
AutomaticTelephones 
•Wires 4. Cables 
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Eadio Sendin^and- 
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Construction Material 
Illuminating Material 
PoWer Apparatus 
Household Appliances 
Electrical Supplied 
JWcr & Li^ Plant* J 
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Journal advertisers are worthy of your business consideration. 



24 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



DOMINION SERVICE FOR DOMINION USERS 




5m$s^ 




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Our Service Men 
are available for 
consultation at 
your convenience 



1. A COKE PLANT had its furnace doors cracked by the intense 

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welded at a saving to the plant of #500.00. 

2. A PAPER MILL — Our Service Operator showed them how to 

repair a gear box with three broken bearings. A new one 
would have cost #150.00, and would have taken three weeks 
to secure it. It cost to repair #5.00. 

3. A PUBLIC SERVICE COMPANY had a cracked flange on a 

syphon drip. The cost of removal and replacement would 
have been about #200.00. A Dominion Service Operator 
showed them how to repair it satisfactorily at a saving of 
#150.00. 

4. A TEXTILE MILL — A large wheel on a carding machine had 

broken at the hub. A new one would have cost #90.00 plus 
several weeks time. A Dominion Service Operator showed 
them how to repair it at a cost of #18.75. 

5. A WELDING SHOP — One of its customers brought in a 

broken six-cylinder engine block. This was a difficult job 
which they hesitated tackling. A Dominion Service Operator 
showed them how to do it, saving the welding shop's customer 
about #105.00, and instructing the welder how to do future 
jobs. 



Operating the Welling and Cutting 
Gas Division of 

Prest-O-Lite Company of Canada, 
Limited. 



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OXYGEN 



What Dominion Oxygen 

is doing for others it 

can do for you 



Ad. 1 



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General Offices: 
80 Adelaide St. East, TORONTO 




Distribution Points: Hamilton. Merritton. 
Montreal, Quebec, Shawinigan Falls, 
Toronto, Welland, Windsor, Winnipeg. 



Journal advertisements are a business call at your office. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



25 



Hemmings 
Falls 



Development 




RUNNERS FOR THE SOUTHERN CANADA POWER PLANT. 










The Hemmings Falls Develop- 
ment will include six LP. Morris 
units — each of which is designed 
to develop 5600 H.P. under a 
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Special features embodied in 
these LP. Morris Units are: 

Moody Spiral Draft Tube; 
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Journal advertisements are a business call at your office. 



26 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 





Bacon said: 

"Competition to the 
crown there is none, 
nor can be" which 
truth is more clearly 
stated by Dryden: 

"There is no competi- 
tion but for the second 
place". 

We welcome a com- 
parison of 

Knox Products 

with similar articles 
of other manufacture. 





Members are urged to consult The Journals advertising pages. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 

THE JOURNAL OF 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE 

OF CANADA 




JANUARY, 1925 



CONTENTS 



Volume VIII, No. 1 



PORTLAND CEMENT, J. M. Oxley, M.E.I.C 3 

CREOSOTING OF MATERIAL AS RELATING TO CONSTRUCTIVE ENGINEERING, 

Richard V. Look, Affiliate E.I.C 10 

PROPRIETARY ASPHALT PAVEMENTS COVERED BY TRADE NAMES AND PATENTS, 

Charles A. Mullen, M.E.I.C 15 

CHARTERS OF BRANCHES, ILLUSTRATIONS OF 19 

ANNUAL MEETING ANNOUNCEMENT 23 

EDITORIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS:— 

Message to the Members 24 

On to Montreal 24 

Becoming Better Acquainted 24 

Engineering Education and Training 25 

OBITUARY:— 

Lieut.-Col. Sir Maurice Fitzmaurice, M.A., M.Eng. F.R.S., M.E.I.C 26 

PERSONALS ■ 26 

ELECTIONS AND TRANSFERS 28 

EMPLOYMENT BUREAU 29 

ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS READ BEFORE THE BRANCHES 30 

BRANCH NEWS 33 

ANNOUNCEMENT OF MEETINGS 39 

CORRESPONDENCE 40 

PRELIMINARY NOTICE 41 

ENGINEERING INDEX (43) 1 



Published by 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CANADA 

176 Mansfield St., Montreal 



BRANCHES: 



Halifax Branch, Halifax, N.S. 
Cape Breton Branch, Sydney, Cape Breton. 
Moncton Branch, Moncton, N.B. 
St. John Branch, St. John, N.B. 
Saguenay Branch, Chicoutimi West, Que. 
Quebec Branch, Quebec, Que. 
Montreal Branch, Montreal, Que. 
Ottawa Branch, Ottawa, Ont. 
Kingston Branch, Kingston, Ont. 
Peterborough Branch, Peterborough, Ont. 
Toronto Branch, Toronto, Ont. 
Hamilton Branch, Hamilton, Ont. 



Niagara Peninsula Branch, Niagara Falls, Ont. 
London Branch, London, Ont. 
Border Cities Branch, Windsor, Ont. 
Sault Ste. Marie Branch, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 
Lakehead Branch, Port Arthur, Ont. 
Winnipeg Branch, Winnipeg, Man. 
Saskatchewan Branch, Regina, Sask. 
Lethbridge Branch, Lethbridge, Alta. 
Edmonton Branch, Edmonton, Alta. 
Calgary Branch, Calgary, Alta. 
Vancouver Branch, Vancouver, B.C 
Victoria Branch, Victoria, B.C. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Members of Council for 1924 



PRESIDENT 
ARTHUR SURVEYER, Montreal, Que. 



•GEO. A. WALKEM, Vancouver, B.C. 



tF. A. BOWMAN, Halifax, N.S. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS 
tF. P. SHEARWOOD, Montreal, Que. 



•A R. DECARY, Quebec, Que. 



tJ. B. CHALLIES, Ottawa. Ont. 



R. A. ROSS, Montreal, Que. 



•W. H. BALTZELL, OJlbway, Ont. 

•H. M. BIGWOOD. Victoria. B.C. 

tR. N. BLACKBURN, Reglna, Sask. 

tCHAS. BRAKENRIDGE, Vancouver, B.C. 

♦ FREDERICK B. BROWN, Montreal. Que. 

tK. M. CAMERON, Ottawa, Ont. 

fGEO. T. CLARK, Toronto, Ont. 

•H. B. R. CRAIG, London, Ont. 

•R. L. DOBBIN, Peterborough, Ont. 

•J. A. DUCHASTEL, Montreal, Que. 

TC. P. EDWARDS, Ottawa, Ont. 

•For 1924 



PAST-PRESIDENTS 
J. M. R. FAIRBAIRN, Montreal, Que. 

COUNCILLORS 
•F. R. FAULKNER. Halifax, N.S. 
tE. P. FETHERSTONHAUGH, Winnipeg, Man. 
•J. E. GIBAULT, Levis, Que. 
•A. R. GREIG, Saskatoon. Sask. 
JE. G. HEWSON, Toronto, Ont. 
•G. N. HOUSTON. Lethbrldge, Alta. 
tGEO. D. MACDOUGALL, Sydney, N.S. 
•GEO. R. MacLEOD. Montreal, Que. 
•ALEXANDER MACPHAIL, Kingston, Ont. 
tCHAS. M. McKERGOW, Montreal, Que. 
•W. T. MOODIE, Port Arthur, Ont. 

fFor 1924-25 



JOHN G. SULLIVAN, Winnipeg, Man. 



•A. B. NORMANDIN. Quebec, Que. 

•R. K. PALMER, Hamilton, Ont. 

•D. A. ROSS, Winnipeg, Man. 

•C. H. E. ROUNTHWAITE, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

•C. N. SHANLY, Chlcoutiml West. Que. 

•F. E. STERNS, St. Catharines. 

•A. F. STEWART, Moncton, N.B. 

tB. L. THORNE, Calgary, Alta. 

•F. P. VAUGHAN, St. John, N.B. 

•R. S. L. WILSON, Edmonton, Alta. 

•R. O. WYNNE-ROBERTS, Toronto, Ont. 

(For 1924-25-26 



TREASURER 
MAJOR-GEN. SIR ALEX. BERTRAM, Montreal. 



SECRETARY 
FRASER S. KEITH. Montreal. 



HALIFAX 

Chairman, C. H. WRIGHT 

Vice-Chair., W. F. McKNIGHT 

Sec.-Treai.. K. L. DAWSON, 

294 Gottlngen St., Halifax, N.S. 

Executive, H. W. L. DOANE W. F. McKNIGHT 
K. H. SMITH R. W. McCOLOUGH 
D. W. MUNN J. F. LUMSDEN 

J. G. W. CAMPBELL G. S. STAIRS 
J. M. MILLAR A.R. CHAMBERS 

(Ex-Offlclo) F. R. FAULKNER 
F. A. BOWMAN 

CAPE BRETON 
Chairman. S. C. MIFFLEN 
Sec.-Treas. D. W. J. BROWN. 

Bank of Commerce Bldg., Sydney. N.S. 
Executive, W. E. CLARKE 
W. C. RISLEY 
J. R. MORRISON 
GEO. MORRISON 
(Ex-Offlcio) GEO. D. MACDOUGALL 



ST. JOHN 
Chairman, G. G. HARE 
Vlce-Chalr..C. McN. STEEVES 
Sec.-Treas., W. J. JOHNSTON 

Box 1417, St. John, N.B. 
Executive. A. R. CROOKSHANK 

W. R. PEARCE GEOFFREY STEAD 
G. N. HATFIELD F. P. VAUGHAN 



MONCTON 




Chairman, 


F. O. CONDON 


Vlce-Chalr. 


, C. S. G. ROGERS 


Sec.-Treas., 


M. J. MURPHY, 




Eng. Dept., C.N.R., Moncton, N.B 


Executive, 


H. J. CRUDGE 




E. G. EVANS 




J. D. McBEATH 




F. B. FRIPP 




G. C. TORRENS 




G. E. SMITH 


(Bx-Officlo) 


W. B. MacKENZIE 




A. F. STEWART 



SAGUENAY 

Chairman, W. G. MITCHELL 
Vlce-Chalr., H. G. COCHRANE 
Sec.-Treas., H. B. PELLETIER 

Box 181, Chicoutlmi, Que. 
Executive, H. V. BIGNELL C. N. SHANLY 
E. LAVOIE J. E. A. McCONVILLE 
G. E. LaMOTHE 

QUEBEC 
Chairman, A. R. DECARY 
Vlce-Chalr., A. B. NORMANDIN 
Sec.-Treas., LOUIS BEAUDRY 

P. O. Box 115, Quebec, Que. 
Executive P. JONCAS S. L. deCARTERET 
T. E. ROUSSEAU H. CIMON 
(Ex-Officlo) J. E. GIBAULT 



MONTREAL 
Chairman, J. L. BUSFIELD 
Vlce-Chalr., C. J. DESBAILLETS 
Sec.-Treas., E. A. RYAN, 

416 Phillips Place, Montreal 
Executive P. L. PRATLEY 

Jas. ROBERTSON 

F. C. LABERGE 

C. V. CHRISTIE 

P. S. GREGORY 

W. C. ADAMS 
(Kx-Officlo) FREDERICK B. BROWN 

C. M. McKERGOW 

J. M. R. FAIRBAIRN 

GEO. R. MacLEOD 

R. A. ROSS 

F. P. SHEARWOOD 

ARTHUR SUKVEYER 



OFFICERS OF BRANCHES 

OTTAWA 

Chairman, J. L. RANNIE 
Sec.-Treas., F. C. C. LYNCH 
Nat. Resources Intelligence Br., Dept. of the 
Interior, Ottawa, Ont. 
Executive, L. SHERWOOD R. L. PEEK 
L. H. COLE R. J. DURLEY 

A. G. L. McNAUGHTON 
(Ex-Officio) K.M.CAMERON O. S. FINNIE 

C. P. EDWARDS J. B. CHALLIES 
PETERBOROUGH 

Hon.Chalr.,R. L. DOBBIN 
Chairman, E. R. SHIRLEY 
Vlce-Chalr., A. L. KILLALY 
Secretary, PAUL MANNING, 

551 Weller St , Peterborough Ont. 
Treasurer. A. B. GATES 
Executive, R. C. FLITTON W. M. CRUTHERS 

B. L. BARNS D. L. McLAREN 
A. H. MUNRO II. O. FISK 

KINGSTON 
Chairman, L. F. GRANT 
Vice-Chair., R. J. McCLELLAND 
Sec.-Treas., G. J. SMITH, 

266 Albert St., Kingston, Ont. 
Executive, GEO. C. WRIGHT 
J. M. CAMPBELL 
W. P. WILGAR 
(Ex-Officio) T. A. McGINNIS 
A. JACKSON 

ALEXANDER MACPHAIL 
TORONTO 

Chairman, J. M. OXLEY 
Vice-Chair., N. D. WILSON 
Sec.-Treas.. J. H. CURZON, 
York Township Engr's Office, 40 Jarvis St., 

Toronto, Ont. 
Executive, R. W. ANGUS 

H. K. WICKSTEED 

E. T. J. BRANDON 
P. GILLESPIE 

J. G. R. WAINWRIGHT 
T. LOUDON 
(Ex-Officlo) R. O. WYNNE-ROBERTS 

GEO. T. CLARK E. G. HEWSON 

C. R. YOUNG J. A. KNIGHT 
HAMILTON 

Chairman, J. J. MACKAY 
Vlce-Chalr., C. H. MARRS 
Sec.-Treas., H. B. STUART, 

Hamilton Bridge Works, 

Hamilton, Ont. 
Executive, F. P. ADAMS C. J. NICHOLSON 

W. L. McFAUL L. W. GILL 
Members Emeriti, 

J. W. TYRRELL 
W. F. McLAREN 
(Ex-Officio) R. K. PALMER 
LONDON 

Chairman, E. V. BUCHANAN 
Vice-Chair., W. C. MILLER 
Sec.-Treas., E. A. GRAY 

The Public Utilities Commission, 
London, Ont 
Executive. W. P. NEAR H. A. BRAZIER 

R. I. OLMSTED 

J. R. ROSTRON CHAS. TALBOT 
(Ex-Officio) W. J. FORBES-MITCHELL 
NIAGARA PENINSULA 

Chairman, E. P. JOHNSON 
Vice-Chair., H. L. BUCKE 
Sec.-Treas.. R. W. DOWNIE 

Box 1163, Thorold. Ont. 
Executive J. R. BOND 

A. W. L. BUTLER 
J. B. McANDREW 

t. v .McCarthy 

(Ex-Officlo) S. R. FROST 
BORDER CITIES 
Chairman, J. CLARK KEITH 
Vlce-Chalr., A. J. M. BOWMAN 
Sec.-Treas., F. JAS. BRIDGES 

Riverside Drive, Ont. 
Executive L. McGILL ALLAN 
WM. J. FLETCHER 

F. H. KESTER 
(Ex-Offlclo) W. li. BALTZELL 

J. E. PORTER 



SAULT STE. MARIE 
Chairman, WM. SEYMOUR 
Vlce-Chalr., C. H. SPEER 
Sec.-Treas., W. S. WILSON 

Lands Dept., Lake Superior Corp., Ltd. 
Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 
Executive, A. E. PICKERING 

C. V. CORLESS 
(Ex-Offlcio) C. H. E. ROUNTHWAITE 

LAKEHEAD 

Chairman, H. S. HANCOCK 
Vice-Chair., H. M. LEWIS 
Sec.-Treas., GEO. P. BROPHY 

P.O. Box 86, Port Arthur, Ont. 
Executive, GEO. BLANCHARD H. C. O'LEARY 
M. W. JENNINGS M. W. TURNER 
WINNIPEG 

Chairman, D. L. McLEAN 
Sec.-Treas., P. BURKE-GAFFNEY, 

406 Fashion Craft Bldg., Winnipeg, Man. 
Executive. M. A. LYONS J. W. PORTER 
A. A. YOUNG T. H. KIRBY 
Wm. WALKDEN 

SASKATCHEWAN 

Chairman. C. J. MACKENZIE 
Vlce-Chalr., R. N. BLACKBURN 
Sec.-Treas., J. W. D. FARRELL 

3025 Rae St., Reglna, Sask 
Executive. H. R. MACKENZIE 

S. R. PARKER 

W. R. WARREN 

H. N. MACPHERSON 

J. D. PETERS 

G. M. WILLIAMS 

D. A. R. McCANNEL 
A. C. GARNER 

(Ex-Officlo) R. N. BLACKBURN 
A. R. GREIG 

LETHBRIDGE 

Chairman, JOHN DOW 
Sec.-Treas., GEO. S. BROWN 

Box 428, Lethbrldge, Alta. 
Executive, C. M. ARNOLD G. N. HOUSTON 
SAM G. PORTER 
H. P. KEITH J. DOW 

EDMONTON 

Chairman, E. KELLS HALL 
Vice-Chair., A. G. STEWART 
Sec.-Treas., W. R. MOUNT 

City Engr's. Dept., Edmonton, Alta. 
Executive, R. J. GIBB 

C. D. MacKINTOSH 

E. STANSFIELD 
C. CORBETT 

(Ex-Offlclo) R. S. L. WILSON 

CALGARY 

Chairman, R. S. TROWSDALE 
Vice-Chair., A. L. FORD 
Sec.-Treas., G. P. F. BOESE 

Dept. of Natural Resources 
C. P. R. Calgary, Alta. 
Executive, W. S. FETHERSTONHAUGH 

J. H. ROSS B. RUSSELL 

(Ex-Offlcio) P. J. JENNINGS B. L. THORNE 
J. A. SPRECKLEY 
VANCOUVER 

Chairman, W. G. SWAN 
Vice-Chair., J. P. HODGSON 
Sec.-Treas., P. H. BUCHAN 

930 Blrks Building, Vancouver. B.C. 
Executive, W. B. YOUNG T. E. PRICE 

J. A. WALKER 
W. B. GREIG 
L. F. MERRYLEES 

F. W. ALEXANDER 
(Ex-Offlcio) GEO. A. WALKEM 

CHAS. BRAKENRIDGE 
VICTORIA 

Chairman, G. B. MITCHELL 

Vlce-Chalr., J.N. ANDERSON 

Sec.-Treas., E.P. GIRDWOOD 

25 Brown Bldg.. Victoria, B.C. 

Executive, F. C. GREEN R. A. BAINBRIDGE 
E. E. BRYDONE-JACK W. P. BLAIR 
PATRICK PHILIP J.N.ANDERSON 
E. P. GIRDWOOD G.B.MITCHELL 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



THE JOURNAL OF THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CANADA 

Published monthly at 176 Mansfield Street, Montreal, by The Engineering Institute 
of Canada, incorporated In 1887 as The Canadian Society of Civil Kncineera. 

Entered at the Post Office, Montreal, As Second Class Matter 



VOLUiME VIII 



Montreal, January 1925 



Number 1 



/ 

Portland Cement 

Its discovery, early uses, development, and extensive present day application. 

/. M. Oxley, M.E.I. C. 

Architect, Toronto, Ont. 

*Paper read before the Toronto Branch, The Engineering Institute of Canada, October 16th, 1924. 



There was recently unveiled in the city of Leeds 
England, a bronze tablet bearing the following inscrip- 
tion: — 

"In memory of Joseph Aspdin, of Leeds, brick- 
layer, 1779-1855, whose invention of Portland Cement, 
patented in its manufacture and use, has made the 
whole world his debtor. This tablet was presented by 
the American Portland Cement Association, on the 
occasion of the united celebrations with the British 
Cement Makers' Federation, of the centennial of the 
invention, October, 1924." 

The antecedents of Portland cement, namely 
hydraulic cements of several types, take us back to the 
dawn of history, and we can only view with profound 
respect the strength and permanence of some of these 
cements for the uses to which they were put by the 
engineers of those days. It is worthy of note that the 
word "cement" which we now use for the binding element 
in a concrete mixture originally meant what we would 
now call the coarse aggregate; the Latin "caementum", 
rough pieces of stone, being the apparent parent of our 
present word. It is not difficult to see how from that 
meaning it came to be applied to the complete mixture, 
and then to the living element in the mixture, the binding 
material, which makes of the whole a coherent mass of 
almost inestimable value in its plasticity while being 
moulded, and of permanent form when once hardened. 

Early use of Cements 

It is doubtful if any hydraulic cements were knowingly 
employed before the Roman era, although some of the 
mortars used by the Egyptians evidently contained lime 
of hydraulic properties. The hydraulic property of the 
mortar used by the Romans was due to the mixing with 



*This paper was presented by J. M. Oxley, m.e.i.C as his inaugural 
address as chairman of the Toronto Branch. 



slaked lime of fine particles of burnt earth or volcanic 
cinders found at Pozzuoli, near Vesuvius. Later as their 
knowledge widened other products of volcanic origin were 
used. 

The function of these volcanic earths was to provide 
silica in an active condition which united with the lime 
and formed a silicate of lime capable of resisting the 
action of water. These pozzuolanic cements can be 
made and are made to a small extent to-day. When 
properly made they eventually attain a strength scarcely 
inferior to that of Portland cement. Although cheap 
and suitable for many purposes their use tends to decrease, 
probably on account of their variability and the fact that 
Portland cement is now so well standardized and univer- 
sally available that other products are not seriously 
considered for large works. 

We naturally admire the cement of the Romans 
when we consider that many of their structures, depend- 
ing largely upon cement for their stability and permanence, 
are standing to-day, after two thousand years or more of 
exposure to the elements and to man's destructive tenden- 
cies. In the case of many buildings the only element 
remaining to-day in sufficient completeness to trace the 
plan and purpose of the structure is the concrete core or 
foundation. This may be partly due to the fact that 
the surface and superstructure of marble or other deco- 
rative stone has been used in the passing centuries as a 
source of supply for later buildings, but in any case it 
serves to show what a substantial material the Roman 
concrete was. A description of the construction of a 
heavy wall of concrete in Roman times would almost fit 
modern methods: — 

"Under the Empire the concrete used was made 

with broken travertine or lava for foundations, tufa 

or pumice-stone, (for the sake of lightness), for vaults. 

Massive walls were cast in a mould; upright timbers, 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



about 6 by 7 inches and 10 to 14 feet long, were set 
in rows on each face of the future wall; planks 9 to 
10 inches wide were nailed to them so as to form a 
case into which the semi-fluid, (the cement- water 
ratio or slump is not stated), mass of stones, lime 
and pozzolana was poured. When this was set the 
timbers were removed and refixed for the next lift, 
concrete poured, and the process repeated until the 
wall was raised to the required height. The progress 
of the work, judging from pouring planes still visible, 
would appear to have averaged about three feet per 
day." 

For nearly all work with surfaces exposed above 
ground the wood moulds were lined with blocks of tufa, 
pepperino, lava or burnt bricks having a plane face next 
the forms and pointed ends bonding into the concrete. 
The purpose of this facing is not evident as it was usually 
covered again with applied stucco, and did not give as 
good a bond for the stucco as the concrete itself would 
have done. 

The famous Roman roads were also generally laid 
on a concrete base, and here again there is something of a 
puzzle in the fact that the polygonal blocks of lava used 
for the surface are not as hard as the concrete under them. 
Of course, that concrete has now had a millenium or two 
to set in and possibly the Romans were not patient 
enough to wait for such- hardness by the mere passage 
of time. 

An outstanding example of Roman concrete work is 
the Pantheon. The walls and vault of this glorious 
structure are built of concrete, which, although surfaced 
with brick and tile, is the true structural element. The 
walls, 73 feet in height to the springing of the hemi- 
spherical vault or dome are 20 feet 6 inches in overall 
thickness, but this is much lightened by numerous cells 
in the thickness of the wall, some of them being as large 
as 10 by 34 feet and extending from the floor to within 
10 feet of the springing. The first thirty feet of the 
height of the vault is as thick as the walls but above this 
it is tapered down and that portion spanning the central 
106 feet in diameter is only 5 feet thick. The clear span 
of the vault is 142 feet 6 inches, with a rise in the soffit 
of half this amount, and an opening to the sky 30 feet 
in diameter in the centre. 

In the construction of this work it is evident that 
the brick and tile arches and wall facings were depended 
on for forms and temporary support of the concrete, but 
their thickness is so small, in comparison with the great 
masses which they enclose, that their structural value was 
negligible once the concrete had set. 

According to one eminent authority, "the material 
which contributed more than any other to the magnificent 
conceptions of the Roman Imperial style was that known 
as pozzolana, which, mixed with lime, formed an hydraulic 
cement of great cohesion and strength." 

"The Romans themselves do not seem to have realized 
the tenacious properties of this cement, for, although they 
had solved the problem of covering over large spaces with 
a permanent casing indestructible by fire, they attempted 
to employ the same plan all through the Empire, and in 
some cases where pozzolana was not to be found. In 
Syria, where stone was plentiful and could be obtained 
in great dimensions, they attempted to erect vaults of 
great span similar to those in Rome. These often collaps- 
ed, sometimes before the building was finished, and were 
replaced by roofs in wood. However, even their cement 
was not always good. Pliny tells us that the Roman 
mortars were very bad and that: "The cause which makes 



so many houses fall in Rome resides in the bad quality 
of the cement." The building by-laws of Rome, (for 
they had them even then), lay down some very stringent 
rules for the slaking of the lime and mixing of it with 
the pozzolana. If such laws were necessary it is apparent 
that there were builders whose operations required 
inspection. 

Efforts to Reproduce Roman Cement 

We can now jump many centuries and touch on the 
efforts made in the eighteenth century to discover a 
cement equal to the Roman, the secret of which had 
been totally lost. 

In 1779, Dr. Bryan Higgins secured through letters 
patent exclusive right for the manufacture of his cement. 
Its relative qualities we do not know, but the resolution 
which led to its development is stated by the inventor 
as follows: — 

"I resolved in the beginning of the year 1775 

to investigate more closely than I had hitherto done, 

the principles upon which the induration and strength 

of calcareous cements depend ; not doubting that this 

would lead me by an untried path to recover or to 

excel the Roman cement, which in aqueducts and the 

most exposed structures has withstood every trial of 

fifteen hundred or two thousand years." 

An even earlier and successful effort was that of 

John Smeaton, who in 1756 secured a material that would 

harden under water, and discovered a method of testing 

that would show whether a given lime was suitable for 

his purpose, in fact he solved the secret of hydraulic lime. 

Roman cement comes to light again in 1796 in the 

invention of James Parker. This was not true Roman 

cement and was not so called by its inventor, but it 

achieved the name through its excellent qualities. It was 

manufactured by calcining and powdering an indurated 

marl occurring naturally in nodules. It is still in use, 

although only for special purposes where a quick setting 

cement is required. It resists the action of water, salt 

or fresh, very well. The high percentage of alumina causes 

the initial set to occur in about five minutes. This fact 

and the small amount available makes its use very limited. 

Other steps leading to the development of a true and 

dependable hydraulic cement capable of commercial 

manufacture were made by Collet- Descotils of the Ecole 

des Mines in 1813; L. J. Vicat in 1818; and James Frost 

in 1822. In 1818, St. Leger was granted a patent in 

France for making hydraulic lime by calcining a mixture 

of chalk and clay. 

First Production of Portland Cement 

The great requirement was to produce an artificial 
substitute in some generally available materials for the 
natural mixtures containing suitable proportions of 
calcium carbonate and clay. This was accomplished by 
Joseph Aspdin, bricklayer of Leeds, who in 1824 obtained 
his patent for "An Improvement in Modes of Producing 
an Artificial Stone". His application describes a method 
of making a cement or artificial stone for use in water- 
works, cisterns, stuccoing buildings or any other purpose 
to which it was adapted. He hardly seemed to realize 
to what a wonderful variety of uses it was to be adapted 
in the century to follow. His method was to make a 
specific mixture of clay and finely ground limestone, 
calcine the mixture until the carbonic acid was expelled 
and grind the product to a fine powder. This product 
he named "Portland Cement", although the only con- 
nection between this cement and the place Portland is 
that the cement when set somewhat resembles in colour 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



and texture the building stone quarried on the Isle of 
Portland. A year after the granting of his patent, 
Aspdin established a factory. Three years later his 
cement was used in the Thames tunnel, and within 
twenty-five years after his invention its manufacture 
was well established in England. 

In 1872 the first Portland cement manufactured in 
the United States was produced by David O. Saylor at 
Coplay, Pa., but not until the beginning of the twentieth 
century was American cement generally considered as 
good as some of the English and European brands. In 
fact, as late as 1910, we find an eminent authority stating 
in a great reference work that, "The best varieties of this 
material are made in England, the country of its origin, 
much of the continental and American product being 
deficient in the qualities which combine to make a good 
cement". Our good friends across the line, or for that 
matter, our confidence in our home product, would hardly 
endorse that opinion to-day. 

The development of methods of manufacture has 
passed through many stages and improvements, of which 
the most important are probably those affecting the 
burning of the mixed raw material. 

The early vertical or shaft kilns were economical of 
fuel but small in output and extravagant of labour. 
Chamber kilns, consisting of a vertical circular burning 
chamber, from which the hot gases were led through a 
long, wide horizontal flue, in which the next charge of 
slurry was dried; stage kilns, in which the burning zone 
was between a lower shaft containing hot freshly burned 
clinker, and an upper shaft containing raw material being 
dried and heated, and ring kilns, which have a similar 
disposition of the stages, but arranged horizontally 
instead of vertically, are all types of regenerative kilns 
which have been used successfully but are now obsolescent. 
One great weakness was that they were all periodic in 
operation, requiring a cessation of operations to empty 
and recharge the chambers. 

Invention of Rotary Kiln 

The invention of the rotary kiln by Frederick Ran- 
some in England in 1885, began a revolutionary change 
in the manufacture of Portland cement. Although you 
are all probably familiar with it a short description of 
this process may not be out of place. The rotary kiln 
consists of a long circular tube of rivetted steel plate 6 
to 12 feet in diameter, and 60 to 200 feet long. Recently 
some of even larger dimensions have been used. In some 
cases the tube is tapered to a smaller diameter in the 
upper third of its length. This tube is lined with refrac- 
tory fire brick, and is supported at an inclination with 
the horizontal of about % inch per foot. The supports 
consist of heavy steel tires rotating on roller bearings, 
and at one support near the middle of the length rotation 
is imparted by a toothed girth gear operated by a motor. 
The speed of rotation is from 30 to 40 revolutions per 
hour. The lower end of the kiln is covered by a detach- 
able hood with two openings. Through one of these is 
inserted a nozzle for the admission of fuel, and the other 
enables the operator to observe the interior during opera- 
tion. The upper end of the tube enters a flue through 
which the products of combustion escape to the stack. 

Manufacturing Process 

The raw materials, having been prepared by crushing, 
drying, mixing and pulverizing are fed to the kiln by an 
inclined spout passing through the flue. For the dry 
process, which is that most generally in use, they are in 
the form of a fine powder, about 95 per cent passing a 



number 100 mesh. The fuel, powdered coal, is blown 
through the nozzle at the lower end by an air blast, 
producing a temperature of about 3,000 deg. F. The 
material moves gradually toward the lower end owing 
to the rotation and inclination of the kiln. Soon after 
its entrance it begins to ball up into smal marble-like 
particles. During the first half of its passage any entrain- 
ed water is evaporated and the carbon dioxide is driven off. 
By the time the material has reached within a few feet 
of the lower end its temperature has risen to about 
2,700 deg. F., carbon dioxide, sulphur and organic matter 
have been expelled, and the marble-like yellowish brown 
balls have partially fused into hard, greenish-black 
clinker. As in some other large scale industrial process 
the degree of burning or calcination is largely left to the 
skill and judgment of the burner, who regulates the speed 
of rotation so that the zone of clinkering is kept back 
a few feet from the discharging end. He judges of the 
position of this zone by the colour of the flame emitted 
when the clinker begins to form. The passage through 
the kiln takes about one hour, and at the end the clinker 
falls out through a trap in the lower side of the hood, 
whence it is conveyed to a cooler. The clinker is quite 
irregular in shape and varies in size from that of a hen's 
egg to buckshot. It is very hard, has some vitreous 
lustre and is generally black or greenish black in colour. 
A modern large kiln will produce the clinker for about 
1,200 barrels of cement in twenty-four hours. 

The clinker is cooled, adulterated with gypsum to 
slow down the setting time of the cement, ground in 
ball mills, tube mills, Griffin or Fuller mills and conveyed 
to the storage bins, in which it is generally kept for a 
few weeks before being bagged for shipment. This 
seasoning seems to improve the quality of the cement 
and reduce the likelihood of unsoundness. 

The process of manufacture is being continually 
improved, of course; recent developments being a finer 
grinding and therefore more intimate mixing of the raw 
materials, advances in the uniformity of burning, and a 
finer grinding of the finished product. A very important 
feature has been the development of the chemistry of the 
material in its various branches. 

The volume of manufacture has grown at a wonderful 
rate and nowhere has this been faster than in the United 
States. A few figures serve to show how rapid this growth 
has been. 

Portland Cement 
barrels 

1890 335,500 

1900 8,482,000 

1908 51,072,000 

1914 84,418,000 

1923 137,000,000 

The daily production in 1923 was greater than the annual 
production of 1890, and was slightly more than one-half 
that of the whole world. 

Introduction of Reinforcing rapidly 
extends Usefulness 

The early uses of Portland cement were for mass 
concrete such as foundations, mortar, stucco, and that 
product which was for so long an architectural abomina- 
tion, cement block. 

The field of usefulness did not extend very rapidly 
until the invention and realization of the possibilities of 
reinforced concrete. The opening of a new era was 
marked by the discovery of the fact that steel rods 
embedded in concrete would become so firmly bonded in 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



place that they would act integrally with the concrete, 
and impart to the combination a tenacity capable of 
withstanding heavy bending moments. For the first 
steps in this direction we are indebted to France. Lambot, 
Monier, Coignet and Hennebique were feeling their way 
from 1850 to 1880, and by the latter year the principles 
of reinforced concrete design were beginning to be under- 
stood. It is rather odd that the first object intelligently 
built with reinforced concrete was a boat by Lambot in 
1850, and that this idea was not carried very much farther 
until the past decade. Since the 80's the development 
has been due to so many engineers that we can mention 
only a few of the most outstanding. 

In the 90's, and the first years of this century, there 
was a regular flood of patented reinforcing bars for which 
claims of almost magical properties were made by their 
manufacturers. They aimed at two objects; to give the 
bar a mechanical bond with the surrounding concrete, 
and to combine or connect the main tensile reinforcement 
with the shear reinforcement. Most of them have 
disappeared from the market. 

Early Principles of Design 

But perhaps before dealing with methods we should 
touch on the principles of design. The early French 
designers made quite a mystery of their theories; in fact, 
even to-day in that country the actual computation of 
design is kept as a trade secret of the firm. 

Where design was more openly discussed there were 
many long sustained and bitter arguments between con- 
flicting theories. For instance, one school maintained 
that for beam members the only sound method was to 
design for ultimate strength, using the parabolic relation 
of stress to strain, and applying a factor of safety to 
obtain the safe load. Another school adopted what were 
considered safe working stresses and used the straight 
line relation of stress to strain. Many series of tests and 
micrometer studies of beams under various conditions 
demonstrated that the latter method was accurate, con- 
sistently with the material, and being much simpler in 
application it is now almost universally employed. 

Hocp form of Reinforcing 

A. Considere developed a method of reinforcing 
columns by means of hoops, which by preventing the 
lateral expansion of the column under load, greatly in- 
creased its ultimate strength. Controversy was hot and 
heavy for several years but has now simmered down to 
an acceptance of the fact that reinforcement in the form 
of hooping, properly disposed, is of greater value than 
the same quantity of metal in vertical rods; but the exact 
ratio of this greater value is still a point of difference 
between authorities. 

Very recently the whole question of column design 
has been thrown into the ring again by some long time 
tests made in the United States, and the issue is still 
in doubt. 

Arch Design 

The practice of arch design was in a doubtful state 

twenty years ago, although Weyrauch in 1879, and others 

later, had developed and stated the theory of the elastic 

arch. A prominent bridge builder of that day says: — 

"As a matter of fact, the construction of a 

concrete bridge twenty years ago, even of moderate 

dimensions, was generally considered an achievement. 

The project was regarded as an innovation and grave 

fears and doubts had to be swept away before a 

favourable decision was reached. After the job was 

finished and the falsework removed, those responsible 



for the design and erection would heave a sigh of 
relief and appear to be pleased that the expected had 
happened, — the bridge was still there, — and that 
their own doubts had been groundless." 
C. A. P. Turner, by applying an idea patented by 
another man, developed his famous "mushroom" design 
for building construction, and strove by some remarkable 
mathematics to develop a theory which would fit the 
observed phenomena as shown under test. His mathe- 
matics have hardly obtained general acceptance, but the 
application of his idea has, and Westergarde and Slater 
have produced a theory of design which is acceptable as 
to its mathematics and also explains the action of the 
structure. 

There have been other uncertainties and disagree- 
ments and they are not all cleared up yet, but the general 
trend has been toward a simplification and clarifying of 
the whole issue, and structures designed under the accepted 
theories have withstood sufficiently severe tests both in 
service and by students of the question for us to feel 
to-day that we are not far wrong except that possibly 
we are too conservative. 

Prejudices which had to be Overcome 

This reminds one of the prejudices that had to be 
overcome before concrete could replace some of the longer 
established materials of construction. To hark back to 
1780, Dr. Bryan Higgins, previously referred to, in stating 
the need of a better cement describes England as a place,— 
"Where the weather is so variable and trying, and the 
mortar commonly used is so bad, that the timbers of the 
houses last longer than the walls, unless the mouldering 
cement be frequently replaced by pointing." 

In the early 90's, at a meeting of the Engineers Club 
in Philadelphia, it was predicted that the concrete made 
with rotary kiln cement would disintegrate within five 
years. 

Only about twenty years ago I heard a man in this 
city, who was responsible for the design of many large 
structures, say in reference to the proposed use of concrete 
for basement walls, that, "He would stick to rubble. No 
mud walls for him". 

Another strong, and still existent, spirit of opposition 
came from those interested in the sale of competing 
materials. 

Government and municipal departments responsible 
for the regulation of building design were reluctant to 
admit concrete construction on what we would now 
consider reasonable terms. 

There was serious opposition from laymen, who 
could not understand how a wet mixture of sand, stone 
and Portland cement with a few steel rods in it, could 
carry its own weight, much less heavy imposed loads. 

These handicaps are now very largely removed and 
it is interesting to analyze their causes. Besides the 
general ignorance of the possibilities of the material, 
there was the conflict as to methods of design between 
the authorities from whom leadership was to be expected, 
and possibly of even greater importance were the varia- 
tions in results produced on the job and the inability to 
account for all of these variations. 

First Concrete Mixed by Hand 

There was no general agreement as to method of 
mixing, proportions of mix, consistency, protection of the 
work from heat, wet and cold, and other questions dealing 
with the execution of the job after it left the designer's 
office. Consideration of these questions brings us to the 
subject of equipment. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



When concrete was all mixed by hand it required 
an enormous amount of labour relative to the result 
produced. On a well run job the materials were spread 
on a platform, measured in bottomless boxes, mixed by 
turning with spades, three times dry and three times wet, 
the third turn often being direct into the work, or into a 
wooden wheel barrow for conveyance to the work. The 
equipment was portable and so the place of mixing was 
usually moved about to be adjacent to the final resting 
place of the finished concrete. In those days a fair day's 
work for a gang of eight men was to mix and place on the 
level 40 cubic yards per day or 5 yards per man. Present 
day labour at hand mixing will not average over 2 yards 
per man. The five yard man was paid about $1.50 per 
day; the two yard man gets about $4.00. In other 
words the labour cost of that operation was then about 
30 cents per yard while to-day it would be about $2.00 
per yard. 

On big mass work a rate of 160 yards per hour has 
been maintained by six men and two mixers, or 1,280 
yards per 8-hour day. Under hand mixing conditions 
that would cost about $2,500.00, and require an acre or 
two of ground. Not much chance there of getting a 
tender that would permit the job to proceed! 

Modern development in Plant and Methods 

Not only does the mechanical mixer make possible 
this enormous volume of work, but its adjuncts, the 
storage bins, measuring hoppers and automatic water 
regulation, give accurate control of the proportions of 
the mix and its consistency, or at any rate, its cement- 
water ratio, which is now accepted as the most important 
element in control of strength. 

But all this means equipment of such size and 
weight that when once placed it will remain there until 
the end of the job. Thus there is required efficient means 
of distributing the mixed concrete over a wide area and 
perhaps up to a great elevation. The descendant of the 
old round topped wooden barrow is the modern steel flat 
topped barrow of greater and more definite capacity, 
better balance and much easier traction. Another 
development has been the two-wheel cart with much 
larger hopper, large wheels to ease traction and no 
tendency to tip sideways. Even these implements could 
not distribute the output of a large mixer, depending as 
they do on man power and requiring runways which 
must be frequently shifted. The solution of this difficulty 
was the inclined chute. Concrete in a plastic condition 
was found to be easily transported without separation 
in sheet metal trough-like chutes inclined at an angle 
of about 23 deg. with the horizontal. These have been 
immensely improved in their general efficiency since 
their inception, and in the ease with which the point of 
discharge may be moved about. In some plants, where 
great lateral range was desired, the concrete has been 
elevated, chuted to the distant base of another tower, 
and elevated again before entering the distributing chute 
which might have a range of several hundred feet. 

This need of elevating the concrete brings up another 
item of job equipment which has undergone great change. 
The early method was to hoist the mixture in small 
buckets, or barrows, with a hand derrick, or to run the 
barrows on to a platform hoist such as is used for handling 
brick or tile. Then came a special hoist tower with 
guides in which ran a large concrete bucket of special 
shape to discharge its contents at one side. At the level 
of discharge the door of this bucket was automatically 
tripped and the concrete flowed into a fixed hopper from 
which it could be run as desired into the barrows, carts 



or chutes. This scheme is in general use to-day; recent 
improvements having been made in mechanical details, 
and in building the tower of steel instead of wood. A 
smaller brother of the hoisting tower is the mast hoist, 
a very adaptable tool for small jobs. It consists of a 
timber or steel mast, guyed or braced in position, upon 
one side of which slides the hoisting bucket, and to 
which is attached, so as to be adjustable in height, the 
distributing hopper. For the lining of tunnels and other 
underground work a system of pneumatic transportation 
through pipes has been successfully used. 

The pneumatic method has been applied to small 
equipment in the Cement Gun. This machine, by 
throwing a fine concrete with a blast of air produces a 
stone of great density and hardness, and so impervious 
that it may be relied on to hold water under high pressure 
as long as the base upon which it is cast does not produce 
cracks. Plaster so made can be applied to old concrete 
or other structural materials, and will bond very strongly 
to them. There have been many other detail improve- 
ments in concreting plant but time does not permit of 
discussing them now. 

Rapid advance in Knowledge of Structure of Concrete 

In addition to improvements in manufacture of 
cement, theory of design, and methods of execution, a 
great advance has been made in recent years in our 
knowledge of the structure of concrete and methods of 
obtaining the best and most uniform results. Prof. Duff 
A. Abrams, m.e.i.c, of the Lewis Institute of Chicago, 
has been a leader in this work, and the publication of the 
reports of investigations made under his direction, have 
had a great influence in improving specifications and field 
practice. 

The standardization of methods of design on this 
side of the water has been largely due to the work of 
committees appointed by the engineering societies. The 
first joint committee of representatives from a number 
of the American societies was appointed in the summer 
of 1904. Their work, extending over several years, laid 
the foundations for a standard specification. The 
second joint committee, appointed in 1916, have not yet 
published their final report, but their draft report, issued 
for discussion in 1921, (and it has certainly produced 
discussion), has been very generally accepted in the 
majority of its rulings. The discussion referred to may 
have had the effect of making the final report acceptable 
in all its rulings, but that is almost too much to hope for. 
Our own Canadian Engineering Standards Association 
has had a committee at work on this subject for about 
three years, and, while they have completed and published 
their specification on Portland cement, and on reinforce- 
ment, the specification for design will probably not be 
ready for publication this year. 

What are the qualities of this material that make it 
of such vast importance to the engineering and construc- 
tion industry to-day ? 

It is a plastic stone, which may be deposited in small 
units or a thin stream, to locations difficult of access and 
complicated in form, and there become a monolithic mass 
of accurate outline. 

It is a material having the compressive strength and 
permanence of stone, and the tensile strength of steel. 
It is incombustible and resistive to fire, free from corrosion 
and capable of infinite variety in its surface finish, and 
with all these qualities it is low enough in cost to compete 
to advantage with other materials having only one or 
two of them. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Great Undertakings made possible by use of Concrete 

It has made possible such great undertakings as, for 
example, the Chippawa hydro-electric development. From 
the outer tip of the intake tubes to the discharge of the 
tailrace, concrete is the chief material of the fixed con- 
struction, except for the penstocks, and even they are 
protected from the elements with a concrete shell. The 
perfection of outline of the water passages in the gate 
house, and in the draft tubes would have been practically 
impossible to obtain in any other permanent material. 

Bridge Construction 

In bridge construction there have been innumerable 
imposing and beautiful structures erected in the past 
thirty years. Development along this line began earlier 
in Europe than in this country, and by 1900 there were 
several arches there of from 150 to 180 feet in span. 

In 1897 a bridge with five spans having a total 
length of 693 feet was erected on the Melan system at 
Topeka over the Kansas river. By 1904 about 300 
reinforced concrete arches had been built on this conti- 
nent, one of them having three spans of 140 feet. Since 
then dimensions and perfection of design have rapidly 
increased. The Long Key viaduct of the Florida East 
Coast Railway has a series of 50-foot semi-circular 
arches with an aggregate length of six miles. The 
Arroyo-Seco viaduct at Pasadena, 1,468 feet long, with 
spans from 113 to 223 feet and 150 feet high; the Monroe 
Street bridge at Spokane with a span of 281 feet; the 
Tunkhannock viaduct on the Lackawanna Railway, and 
the bridge at Peterborough with centre span of 240 feet 
and total length of 1,172 feet, designed by one of our 
members, are a few examples of what has been done. 

The Cappelan Memorial bridge, with a central span 
of 400 feet and a total length of 1,100 feet, has recently 
been completed over the Mississippi at Minneapolis, and 
contracts have been recently awarded for a bridge over 
the Minnesota river having twelve spans of 304 feet and 
a total length of 4,120 feet. 

The most daring arch span so far erected is that 
over the Seine near Rouen in France where a span of 432 
feet is cleared by two ribs only 7 by 7 feet in exterior 
dimensions having no inter-connection for the middle 
340 feet of their length. 

The design for another French bridge has been 
approved providing for three spans of 613 feet, 640 feet 
and 672 feet, and a total length of 2,775 feet. 

Designs have been prepared for an arch span of 700 
feet, for a site near New York, and the project shown to 
be quite feasible from the structural point of view. 

In connection with bridge design the bow-string truss, 
(so-called), with suspended floor, is a beautiful example 
of the adaptability of reinforced concrete to special con- 
ditions. Girder and slab bridges have been built of all 
sizes from a 10-foot flat topped culvert to the 142-foot 
girder bridge in Humboldt County, California. 

Hydraulic, Harbour, and Tunnel Works 

In hydraulic work, such as dams and canals, concrete 
has made economically possible projects which could not 
have been seriously considered with older methods of 
construction. The great irrigation and reclamation 
schemes of the West, the Panama canal and the new 
Welland canal are a few outstanding examples of this. 

Harbour and dock work have had a similar develop- 
ment, and while there has been much criticism of the 
behaviour of cement in sea water, there is one important 
fact to consider. Of all the structural materials used in 



the sea, concrete has the best record, and a steadily 
increasing number of concrete structures are being built 
in sea water, as the causes of failure and methods of 
preventing it are being better understood. The so-called 
failures have generally resulted from improper use and 
bad workmanship and many structures have stood sucess- 
fully for long periods. The new Ballantyne pier at 
Vancouver is a very fine example of dock work designed 
and executed with great precaution to ensure its per- 
manence. 

In fresh water the many harbours, docks and sea 
walls erected in the Great Lakes show some excellent 
engineering with concrete, and it is safe to say that the 
wonderful development of our Toronto water front would 
not have been economically feasible with any other 
material. 

Concrete piling and caissons have opened new fields 
in foundation work, making the elevation of ground 
water a matter of small importance, and permitting very 
high concentrations of loading. 

In tunnel work concrete has provided a much cheaper 
and more permanent lining than formerly available, and 
even when, as in the Hudson river tubes, sectional cast 
iron lining is employed it is packed in place on the exterior 
and lined on the interior with concrete. 

Road Construction 

In road construction, that mechanical marvel of our 
age, the automobile, and that structural marvel, concrete, 
have marched together. The motor car created the 
demand for good roads, and its increasing use for both 
pleasure and commerce made the tax payer willing to 
pay for them. Concrete made them possible. But by 
supplying the demand it also increased it. Cars need 
good roads; good roads make cars more desirable; the 
result is, more cars and the demand for more roads to 
accommodate them. This reciprocal action has brought 
about such great expenditure for both cars and roads 
that many economists are shaking their heads in doubt 
as to the wisdom of it all. 

Concrete Pipes 

Reinforced concrete pipe is coming increasingly into 
use as its advantages and economies are better under- 
stood. Standard types are now made up to 9 feet in 
diameter and good for heads of over 200 feet. The larger 
sizes are made in oiled steel moulds, with no obstructions, 
grooves or irregularities even at the joints, and thus have 
a pressure loss smaller than pipe of any other material 
except wood-stave. The water losses are small, not more 
than in pipes of steel or cast iron, and much less than in 
wood-stave pipe, and tend to decrease as the pores of 
the concrete are filled. 

Smaller sizes, up to 36-inch diameter are being made 
by the centrifugal process, which produces a very dense, 
practically impervious wall. The joints in concrete pipe 
have to provide for the movement caused by temperature 
changes, and have been perfected so that they permit of 
this movement without leakage. Reinforced concrete pipe 
is hydraulically economical, moderate in first cost, very 
low in maintenance cost, and its long life means low 
sinking fund charges for the retirement of bonds issued 
to finance its construction. 

Reinforced Concrete applied to Building 
Construction 

The history of the application of reinforced concrete 
to building construction would fill a volume in itself. 
We can touch on only a few outstanding points here. 

On this continent, following the precedent of steel 
framing, reinforced concrete was employed chiefly as the 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



skeleton frame, with this important difference, the floor 
and roof slabs were an essential part of the frame, which 
made for a much more rigid building. This frame was, 
and very often is still, enclosed by an exterior facing of 
brick, terra-cotta or masonry. As one architect expressed 
it: "In short, we build two buildings; one a complete 
structural entity, the other an elaborate architectural 
and decorative falsehood". 

In Europe the architects attempted to develop a 
style suitable to the material, but it happened that the 
"Nouveau Art" movement was sweeping Europe just as 
the possibilities of concrete were being appreciated, and 
this exerted a pernicious influence on the use of a plastic 
material which allowed free rein to the wierdest and 
most flamboyant fancies. 

Here utilitarian purposes ruled. A material that 
afforded its own protection against fire and the elements, 
permitted large window areas and few columns, gave 
freedom from vibration, and all at a relatively low cost, 
was eagerly utilized for industrial buildings. For such 
purposes there has been a great advance architecturally 
in the past twenty years and a distinct and individual 
type has been developed. For more general purposes the 
development has been more recent, but the last five years 
have produced many architecturally successful buildings, 
such as hotels, clubs, hospitals, office buildings and places 
of amusement. 

A few examples will illustrate. The oldest concrete 
building in America of which I can find record was a house 
built at Prairie du Lac, Wis., in 1838. The source of 
the cement is unknown, but the builder had confidence 
in it. He was made the butt of many jokes concerning 
his "pet", and becoming angry one day he handed a 
sledge hammer to one of his tormentors, and told him 
that if he thought the building was unsound he might 
try knocking a hole in it, but that each blow would cost 
him five cents. This was made a standing offer, but 
the old building shows no sign of damage incurred. 
Five other concrete houses were built in the same town 
during the next thirteen years. All are in service to-day 
and in an excellent state of preservation. 

We are prone to consider the skyscraper, particularly 
the concrete skyscraper as the child of American ingenuity, 
but the first concrete skyscraper was built in England, 
perhaps "skyscratcher" would describe it better. It is 
a tower 220 feet high and 22 feet square at the base. 
It was built fifty years ago and stands to-day with no 
sign of disintegration. Even the fine mouldings of the 
cornices show perfect arrises. The cement was from the 
Isle of Wight Portland Cement works. The mixture 
used was one cement, one sand, and five gravel for the 
walls and 1-2-4 for the roof. The roof was originally 
covered with coal tar, but although this has disappeared 
it is watertight to-day. Precast concrete was used for 
moulded work surrounding the door and window openings, 
and for a central spiral stair leading to the top. Floors 
were supported on wrought iron joists which are still in 
perfect condition even where the bottom flanges are 
exposed. The concrete at the base of the walls is under 
a stress of about 300 pounds per square inch, if wind be 
estimated at 20 pounds per square foot of exposure. 
It is in a very exposed position, being one of the first 
landmarks to meet the eye from the sea. It has been 
struck by lightning but without any great damage. It 
stands perfectly plumb and shows no evidence of its 
fifty years of defiance to storm and stress. 

In mentioning more recent buildings I would quote 
Mr. Albert Kahn of Detroit, who has produced many 



notable industrial buildings in concrete: — "Take Cass 
Gilbert's Brooklyn army supply base building. Nothing 
could be finer in mass, more straight- forward or more 
direct. It is almost bald in its simplicity, certainly 
ornamentation plays no part in the design and yet by a 
masterly vertical sub-division of pylons, piers and mul- 
lions, all in proper relation to each other, all splendidly 
proportioned not only in width and height, but also in 
relative projection, we have a work of the highest archi- 
tectural merit. Nor has the architect tried to conceal 
the character of the material. Indeed he frankly accepts 
it and makes a virtue of what would seem a blemish. 
He makes no attempt at hiding even the board marks 
of the forms. Instead he procures a certain texture 
thereby. Throughout there is revealed a fine apprecia- 
tion of the material employed and the problem in hand. 
It is truly the work of an artist and incidentally proof 
positive that even the plainest structure may be made 
attractive; furthermore, that the architect is a much 
needed individual in spite of the opposite opinion of 
many engineers. 

"Another important group for the navy is its office 
building in Washington. It is inoffensive but it fails in 
that its design does not express concrete. It might as 
well be constructed of brick or stone. Mr. Gilbert's is 
a concrete structure and could be mistaken for nothing 
else 

"The Marlborough-Blenheim in Atlantic City is one 
of the earliest of important reinforced structures in this 
country, and although its enclosing walls are of hollow 
tile stuccoed, the exterior design is typically concrete. 
It was indeed a courageous undertaking. Architecturally, 
this building ranks high. There is a playfulness and 
picturesqueness which are well suited for a resort of the 
kind. Then, too, there is much originality in the design 
without being outre. Price and McLannahan were its 
architects. 

Just what are the practical limitations as to height 
of reinforced-concrete buildings is a matter of opinion. 
The sizes required for columns are usually the determining 
factor. Our own experience would indicate that for build- 
ings of ten, even twelve, floors, to carry ordinary live 
loads, concrete columns need be no larger than of structural 
steel fire-proofed. Beyond that height we prefer to use the 
latter, although often enough we use structural steel for 
lower floors with concrete for the upper with results not 
only structurally practical, but economical as well. 

"Reinforced-concrete is at its best when used for 
low buildings as in southern and western places. The 
Presbyterian hospital at San Juan indicates how beauti- 
fully the material lends itself to such structures. This 
is concrete design at its best. Simple pier and wall 
surfaces, square and semi-circular openings, no cornice 
and plain belt course. Of similar character, although a 
high building, is the new University club in Los Angeles 
by Allison and Allison. This, I believe, is one of the 
best buildings we have in concrete. Its design is excellent 
in every detail, and particularly noteworthy is the surface 
treatment which apparently exposes form marks without 
hesitancy. This building indicates the possibilities of 
reinforced-concrete for exterior use in civic architecture, 
an unlimited field in which it has been but little employed 
up to now. 

"Our most recent structure of importance is the new 
body plant for the Studebaker Corporation in South Bend. 
Here we had a rare opportunity, the building being six 
stories high and over 1,000 feet long. We have in this 
increased the more usual brick pylons to brick pavilions 
with exposed concrete mullions. 



10 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



"The matter of surface treatment is still a problem. 
How will it be solved ? Left in its natural state untouched 
from the forms, cement washed, or rubbed with carbo- 
rundum, concrete at best is cold in color and uninteresting 
in texture. Stucco or other surface applications have 
proved on the whole a failure in most parts of the country, 
for they do not adhere because of difference in expansion 
and contraction and develop unsightly cracks. Attempts 
have been made to treat the surface by tooling or exposing 
the aggregate, but few have proved successful and none 
economical in cost. A ray of hope is afforded by the 
remarkable work of Mr. Earley. His first efforts in con- 
nection with Meridian park at Washington, D.C., gave 
promise, his latest, however, are a distinct achievement. 
By the use of aggregates carefully selected as to colour 
and size and these exposed through wire brushing and 
washing with acid, he produces a surface and texture of 
surpassing beauty. Withal, it is no imitation of any- 
thing but true concrete, remarkable in its effectiveness." 

In regard to surface finish, some experiments carried 
out in Toronto last winter snowed that with ordinary 
commercial aggregates, and precautions as to the propor- 



tions, mixing and placing, a concrete which would produce 
a very fine surface, both as to colour and texture, could 
be produced for monolithic work. Another type of sur- 
face, very attractive for some purposes is exemplified by 
some of the buildings at Sunnyside. 

There are many other fields of concrete work which 
space does not permit even to mention. The future holds 
great promise of even more remarkable achievement. 
It is only within the last ten years that the qualities of 
this material have begun to be generally appreciated. In 
many lines we seem to be only now on the threshold of 
new worlds to conquer. Aluminate cement, for instance, 
appears to have remarkable virtues, in its early strength, 
final strength, and resistance to sea water and the injurious 
chemicals of some ground waters. 

The greatest field is, however, probably in the results 
of continued research into the possibilities of Portland 
cement as now produced, or improved as it will be with 
the passing years. If Joseph Aspdin could return and 
make a world tour to-day and see what has been accom- 
plished with his invention, I think he would be a very 
proud and happy man, and a greatly amazed man too. 



Creosoting of Material as Relating to 
Constructive Engineering 

The Development of Processes for the Preservative Treatment of Timber. 

Richard V. Look, Affiliate E.I.C. 
President, Canada Creosoting Company, Limited, Toronto. 

Paper read before the Montreal Branch, The Engineering Institute of Canada. November 1st. 1923. 



It is not the purpose of this paper to enter into a 
highly technical treatise on wood preservation, for it 
would be quite unfair to invade the field of the erudite 
gentlemen who, during the past decade, have added to 
the literature of the creosoting profession, if it may be 
so-called, many tons of higher mathematics, (there prob- 
ably being several hundred pounds yet unread). 

Neither is it my purpose to take you back to the days 
of the Egyptians and describe in detail the treating plants 
operated by the Pharaoh Boys, nor will we more than 
touch on the preserving processes and methods described 
in the writings of our old school book friends: — Cato, 
Pliny, Vitruvius and others whose names I cannot spell 
and who are mostly deceased or have retired from business. 
I merely mention these early competitors in the business 
in order to add tone to this paper, for you who are well 
read, doubtless have observed that no really well informed 
speaker or writer on this subject would, under any circum- 
stances, think of overlooking the Ancients: he would be 
classed as an inefficient writer who, given a fountain pen, 
a warm fire-place, a cozy chair and a travelling library, 
could not develop at least a page of manuscript per 
Ancient. 

However, the present author wants to confess, here 
and now, that this class of literature has not been fruitful 
of much nourishment to him in the practical, every day 
and night operation of creosoting plants, where daily 
production and efficiency are required in the handling, 
treatment and shipment of many millions of ties per 
annum, nor in his negotiations with practical engineers, it 
might be mentioned, parenthetically, of whom quite a 
number are Scotch. We will, therefore, even at the risk 
of decreasing the length of this paper, take a fairly lengthy 



jump from somewhere around 586 B.C. where we will 
leave the Egyptians, to 1838 A.D. where we will start 
anew with the Englishman, the latter date being the 
practical starting point of the industry in England. 

Early Processes for the Treatment of Timber 

It was only after the birth and growth of railway 
systems in that country that the antiseptic treatment of 
timber may be said to have received its most important 
development. The stone blocks and other solid supports 
at first used for the permanent way of railways were 
found to be too rigid and had to be replaced by a more 
elastic material. The wooden sleepers which were 
substituted decayed so rapidly that some method of 
prolonging their life began to be considered as an engineer- 
ing necessity. By the year 1838, four different processes 
of antiseptic treatment were before the public and com- 
peting for the favors of the engineers. These were:— 

Corrosive sublimate, Introduced and promoted by Mr. J. H. Kyan. 
Sulphate of copper, " Mr. J. J. L. Margary. 

Chloride of Zinc, " Sir Wm. Burnett. 

Heavy oil of tar, later called Creosote, Introduced 

and promoted by Mr. John Bethell. 

Corrosive sublimate or bichloride of mercury, com- 
monly known as "Kyanizing" after the name of the 
patentee, for a time met with more or less success when 
used in comparatively dry situations, but when exposed 
to rainfall and used in sea water it appears invariably to 
have failed, as has apparently been the case with most of 
the metal salts. Corrosive sublimate is somewhat volatile 
at ordinary temperatures; it also has the drawback of 
producing injurious effects upon the workmen employed 
in handling it. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



11 



Sulphate of Copper 

In 1837 Mr. J. J. L. Margary took out a patent for 
the use of sulphate and ascetate of copper in the treatment 
of woods and this for a time enjoyed considerable popu- 
larity, but on account of its destructiveness to pumps and 
cylinders and other metal parts it was practically, if not 
quite, abandoned in England. 

Chloride of Zinc 

This process, commonly known as "Burnettizing", 
was patented by Sir Wm. Burnett in 1838 and for a time 
was patronized by the British Admiralty and the railway 
companies in the treatment of sleepers. It was also used 
extensively in France for the treatment of railway sleepers, 
but on account of its extreme solubility in water, it was 
gradually replaced by other, more insoluble preservatives. 

Creosote 

The first mention of the products of gas tar distilla- 
tion, to be used separately for impregnating timbers, 
appears to be by Franz Moll, who took out a patent in 
1836 for injecting wood in closed iron vessels with the oil 
of coal tar, first in a state of vapor, and next with the 
heated oils in the ordinary liquid state. He recommended 
the adoption both of the oils lighter than water, and of 
the oils heavier than water, calling the former "Eupion" 
and the latter "Kreosot". He relied on the "Kreosot" 
for its antiseptic qualities, but proposed to use the light 
oils separately, at the beginning of the operation 
for the purpose of facilitating the absorption of the 
heavy oil. This plan was never used in practical oper- 
ations as it was obviously wasteful and not practical to 
inject initially and separately the lighter oils, which 
would immediately evaporate. 

The Origin of the Creosoting Process 

The practical introduction of this idea is due to 
Mr. John Bethell. His patent, dated July 1838, does not 
mention the words "creosote" or "creosoting". It con- 
tains no less than eighteen various substances, mixtures 
or solutions, said to be preservatives of wood. Amongst 
them is mentioned a mixture, consisting of coal tar, 
thinned with from one-third to one-half of its quantity 
of dead oil distilled from coal tar. This is the origin of 
the so-called creosoting process, and was really the actual 
beginning of the industry, as an industry, as up to that 
period such treatments as were applied to wooden 
materials were done by brushing, painting, dipping, 
boiling in open tanks and other make-shift methods. 

Some time in the early thirties, a Mr. Breant, a 
director of the Paris Mint, took out a patent covering an 
apparatus for injecting chemicals into timber by means 
of vacuum and pressure in a closed, air-tight iron, cylinder, 
he employing by preference linseed oil and resin. The 
cylinder was fixed vertically, an inconvenient arrangement 
not necessary to the efficiency of his process. This idea 
of an iron cylinder was adopted by Mr. Bethell and 
greatly improved by him and his associate, Mr. H. P. 
Burt. The cylinder was enlarged, placed horizontally, 
its fittings strengthened, and an interior heating apparatus 
installed. Later on tram tracks were placed in the 
cylinders, upon which were operated cars with low wheels, 
on top of which were circular containers slightly smaller 
in diameter than the diameter of the cylinders. While 
the modern treating cylinder has undergone some refine- 
ments in the way of more easily handled doors, better 
system of heating coils and other minor details, as well as 
enlargement in diameter and length, yet it has not been 




Figure No. 1. — View of the Front End of a 
Treating Cylinder. 



greatly changed from the ones used by the pioneers, 
Bethell, Burt and Boulton, during the early fifties. To 
these three gentlemen, beyond question of doubt, must be 
given credit for the intensive, intelligent studies and the 
building of the ground work, upon which the present 
industry is founded. 

Sir Samuel Boulton, an engineer of outstanding 
qualifications, endowed with a highly scientific, yet prac- 
tical mind, in 1850 associated himself with Mr. H. P. Burt, 
the firm afterwards becoming that of Burt, Boulton and 
Haywood, and has so continued until the present day. 
Owing to the faith these men had in the future of the 
industry, during the following thirty-five years immense 
quantities of sleepers, fence posts, poles, building materials 
and piling for marine work, were creosoted and used, not 
only in England, France, Germany and Belgium, but in 
India, Australia, Mexico and many other countries of the 
world. These materials were honestly and efficiently 
treated, resulting in an added life of all the way from four 
to fifteen times the normal life of the same woods when 
untreated. In consequence of these demonstrations of 
the longevity of creosoted woods, constructive engineers 
who were at all progressive quickly adopted them, even 
after taking into consideration the then low wages paid 
carpenters and track men, as applied to the many renewals 
of untreated woods. 

Extent of the Industry Fifty Years Ago 

To bring to your notice impressively how tremendous 
was the volume of the treating business in Europe, even 
as far back as fifty years ago, I want to quote as briefly 
as possible, excerpts of some talks made in 1885 at a 
meeting of the Institution of Civil Engineers, of Great 
Britain, at which meeting an exhaustive paper on "The 
Preservation of Timber" was read by Sir Samuel Boulton. 
During the discussion of this paper, Mr. W. H. Preece, 
a member of the Institution and an engineer in the employ 
of Her Majesty's telegraph service, said: — 

"As the behaviour of certain of Her Majesty's telegraph poles 
had been called in question, he ought to say something in their 
behalf. For the past thirty years he had devoted all the attention 
and skill he could command to the enquiry as to the best modes of 



12 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



preserving timber. In the telegraph service of the country many 
millions of poles had been preserved in various ways, and one of 
the methods, the Bethell, had proved to be the survival of the 
fittest. A great deal had been said as to the various causes of 
decay. Reference had been made to chemical and physiological 
causes, but there was a third cause, which might be called mechan- 
ical, — the decay existing at the "wind and water" line, or the 
ground line, where the timber was exposed to incessant changes of 
moisture and temperature. A careful microscopic examination 
showed that the process of decay was a purely mechanical one, 
that the wood disintegrated by a process of bursting; the fibres 
appearing to be minute boilers, and the change of temperature 
produced evaporation, minute explosion, and rapid deterioration. 
It was a simple thing to meet the chemical cause by the insertion 
of salts of various kinds, and it was possible to meet the physio- 
logical cause by antiseptic treatment, but the mechanical cause 
could only be obviated by coating the fibres of the wood with a 
thick viscous mass like creosote in its best form." 

Mr. Preece further relates that in 1844 the first line 
of telegraph was constructed between London, South- 
ampton and Gosport and the poles were made of the best 
timber, preserved by the Burnettizing process simply- 
impregnating the wood with zinc chloride. In 1857 he 
made a personal observation of a great portion of the line 
in different grounds, and found that in sand about 40 
per cent of the poles had gone, in clay about 33 per cent 
and in chalk about 28 per cent. In 1860 he found the 
proportion was much greater, and in 1871 they had all 
failed so they had to be removed. The Burnettizing 
process materially added to the life of the pole, without 
rendering it indestructible. Kyanizing was tried to a 
small extent, but the poisonous character of the salts 
deterred them from carrying it further. In 1848, a line 
of poles was erected from Fareham to Portsmouth, a 
distance of about twenty miles, and all the poles, 318 in 
number, were creosoted by Mr. Bethell. In 1861 he 
examined them all and only two showed the slightest trace 
of decay, and they had begun to decay at the top. In 
1874 he had them again examined and every pole was 
sound. In 1884 owing to the requirements of the service 
and the necessity of increasing the number of wires, the 
line of poles had to be taken down and although they had 
been put up in 1848, they were, with the two exceptions, 
as sound as when first erected. 

About the year 1861 the proper mode of preserving 
timber was one of great consequence. The authorities 
were not satisfied as to which was the best, creosoting or 
boucherizing (a process invented by Dr. Bouchere and 
used at that time to some extent in France, the preser- 
vative injected being copper sulphate); consequently in 
the Yeovil and Exeter line of the London and South- 
western Railway Company the poles were put up alter- 
nately, first a plain pole, next a boucherized pole, and next 
a creosoted pole, the line extending about forty miles. 
In 1870 the lines were carefully examined and it was 
found that of the plain poles that had been up ten years 
not one existed, all having decayed; of the boucherized 
poles 30 per cent had decayed, and of the creosoted poles 
not one had decayed. The result was, the government 
has for years past decided to creosote all their poles. At 
that time, (1885), millions of poles existing in that country 
were all creosoted. 

I have quoted at somewhat greater length from 
Mr. Preece than is perhaps necessary, but there are two 
points I want to bring to your notice, the first being that 
at that date, (1885), engineers were divided as to the real 
cause of wood decay, whereas laboratory investigations 
many years since proved conclusively that wherever 
spores could get access there would begin development of 
the mycelium or root of the fungus which penetrated the 
wood wherever nutritious materials were supplied. The 
second, and most illuminating point is that thirty-eight 



years since, all of the millions of poles planted throughout 
England were creosoted and the same condition exists 
today. 

At the same meeting of the Institution of Civil 
Engineers, (mark you this was in 1885), a letter bearing 
on the discussion was read from Mr. A. Bouisson, of the 
Western Railways of France, who stated that in 1859, on 
the line from Rouen to Dieppe, sleepers creosoted by the 
Bethell process had been adopted for the first time. 
These sleepers were of beech. They had been creosoted 
in England, and when examination of them was made 
twenty years later, on the occasion of the Paris exhibition 
of 1878, it was shown that not a single one of them bore 
the slightest trace of decay. Since 1864 the railway com- 
pany, of which he was engineer of permanent way, had 
adopted creosoting for their sleepers, and from that date 
they had applied it to about five million sleepers, of which 
at least three million and a-half were of beechwood. In 
these latter, as in the trial sleepers of 1859, no sign of 
decay has as yet been distinguished and the lasting power 
of the sleepers seemed only to be limited by the wear and 
tear to which the materials were exposed. Beechwood 
placed in the ground, without having been prepared, 
completely decayed at the end of two or three years, 
which rendered impossible the use in the form of sleepers 
of that wood unprepared. 

I want you to analyze closely the statement of 
Mr. Bouisson, an engineer of standing and prominence and 
to remember particularly that three million, five hundred 
thousand of the five million sleepers treated were beech, 
and that all of them had given a service of twenty years or 
more. Notwithstanding this and many other similar 
authentic records of beech ties, it may be somewhat of a 
surprise to many of you to know that it has been only a 
comparatively few years since beech ties were first used 
in Canada, even in face of the fact that this is one of the 
most plentiful woods in the eastern portion of the 
Dominion. There are yet engineers in Canada who are 
not quite certain it is a desirable tie wood, even when 
treated. 

While, as has been seen, during the period from 1850 
to 1885 the treating business had in Europe grown to a 
very large volume, yet up to that time very little progress 
in the business had been made on this side of the water. 
The credit for the pioneering work in this industry in the 
United States is largely due to three men — Mr. Octavius 
Chanute, Mr. J. W. Byrnes and Mr. Christian. Up to 
the time of their death all three of these men were active 
in the industry for many years. 

Development of Creosoting in this Country 

Much of the first work in the way of creosoting done 
in this country in the period between 1875 and 1895 was 
under the supervision of these three men and because of 
the fact that their treatment was thorough, the materials 
gave excellent service and proved to be highly economical. 
The work of Mr. Byrnes and Mr. Christian was largely 
for marine structures, such as docks and bridges, in the 
Gulf of Mexico. Mr. Chanute was a strong advocate of 
the Burnettizing process for ties and was an authority on 
this method of treatment. 

Many of the bridge and dock structures erected from 
1875 to 1900 in Teredo and Limnoria infested waters 
were still standing and in service after a period of from 
twenty to twenty-five years. This in itself is a monument 
to the men who were responsible for the treatment, and 
aided greatly in the promotion and use of creosoted 
materials. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



13 



Up to the year 1885 there were some four plants in 
the United States. During the following ten years the 
business was of such slow growth that the records show 
there were only nine additional plants erected and in 
operation. In 1905 the number of plants in the United 
States had increased to thirty-four, and in 1912 there were 
eighty-four pressure treatment plants in operation in 
North America. Since that period to the present date 
the number of plants has more than doubled. I am 
giving you this data to show the slow growth of the indus- 
try in America during the first twenty years of the period 
mentioned, and the rapid growth during the past twenty 
years. 

There have been in use from time to time in America 
many different processes, (I believe something over two 
hundred patents having been taken out on different 
methods of wood preservation), but the larger portion of 
them have fallen by the wayside and have been entirely 
forgotten by the treating fraternity. 

The processes yet in use may be divided into two 
groups. These we may call the "superficial" and "im- 
pregnation" processes. 

Superficial Processes 

By the superficial process is meant those processes 
of treatment aiming to protect the wood by simply giving 
it a surface protection. In sound timber decay can occur 
only from outside agencies. If the surface of the wood 
is rendered resistant to wood destroying fungi, the entire 
timber will remain sound. This contention is doubtless 
correct and when the surface of a timber is so preserved 
and the surface protection is completely maintained, the 
timber may last for a considerable period of time. Unfor- 
tunately wooden materials so treated are almost certain to 
have the protective coating broken, either through 
abrasion or checking. When this happens, the untreated 
interior is at once attacked by the fungi of decay and the 
effect of the protecting shell is completely destroyed. In 
addition to these objections in the use of creosote oils in 
the superficial processes, a large portion of the lighter 
oils, if heated to the necessary temperature, are lost by 
evaporation. However, superficial treatments have been 
very helpful to the creosoting industry, for an engineer 
after he has started using the brushing, dipping, boiling 
and other superficial treatments, almost invariably 
studies the subject of wood preservation to such an 
extent as to cause him to become an advocate of the more 
permanent pressure treatments. 



All so-called pressure treatments rely upon the use 
of pressure above atmospheric in order to force the pre- 
servatives into the wood. There are in use various pro- 
cesses at the present day, but in general the larger por- 
tion of pressure treating plants use one of three or four 
different treatments, a brief description of which is given 
below: — 

Bethel Process 

This process is named after John Bethell who took 
out patents in England in 1838. It is commonly referred 
to in our country as the "full-cell" process. Either green 
or seasoned timber can be treated by this process, creosote 
oil, (dead oil of coal-tar), being the preservative used. 
The timber to be treated is loaded upon steel cars or 
buggies which are run into horizontal cylinders usually 
seven feet in diameter by one hundred and thirty-two feet 
long. Their length, however, varies from about fifty 
feet to one hundred and eighty feet, and diameter from 
six to nine feet. If the timber is green it is subjected to a 
bath of live steam for several hours, after which a vacuum 
is drawn by means of pumps. This also is held for one 
or more hours according to the judgement of the operator. 
If the timber is air seasoned, the steam bath is generally 
omitted. Creosote oil is then run or pumped into the 
cylinder and a pressure of one hundred to one hundred and 
eighty pounds applied until the gauges show the desired 
amount of oil has been forced into the wood. 

The excess oil is then drained from the treating 
cylinder and the timber is allowed to drip for a short 
period, after which the process is ended and the charge 
removed. Many treating engineers draw a vacuum in 
the cylinder after the excess oil has drained from it as 
this tends to hasten the drip and dry the timber. The 
Bethell or "full-cell" process is considered the standard 
process of treating timber with creosote, and the most 
effective results in prolonging the life of wood have been 
secured by it. On account of the relatively large amount 
of oil which the ties absorb the process is, however, the 
most expensive and for this reason several modifications 
have been made. 

Lowry Process 

In the Lowry process, air-seasoned timber is loaded 
on tram cars and placed within the treating cylinder. The 
cylinder is then filled from a charging tank with creosote 
oil at a temperature not to exceed 200° F. The main line 
is then closed and oil from the charging tank is forced by 
pressure pumps into the cylinder until the timber has 




Figure No. 2. — General View of a Creosoting Plant located at Sudbury, Ontario, operated by the 

Canada Creosoting Company, Limited. 



14 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



taken oil to the point of refusal, or a predetermined 
amount. The pressure and temperature within the 
cylinder are controlled so as to give a maximum penetra- 
tion of the oil. The pressure is then released and the free 
oil in the cylinder is drained off. A vacuum of a sufficient 
degree and duration is then drawn in the cylinder to 
recover that portion of the free oil in the timber above the 
specified amount. The recovered oil is then drained off 
from the cylinder and the charge is withdrawn. The 
Lowry process may be termed an "empty-cell" process 
in that it aims to secure a deep penetration of creosote 
without consuming as much of it as the Bethell, or "full- 
cell" process. 

Reuping Process 

This is also termed an "empty-cell" process in that 
the object sought is a deep penetration of creosote with a 
comparatively small consumption of the oil. The timber 
to be treated should be air-seasoned. Green or partially 
seasoned wood is subjected to a steam and vacuum bath 
similar to that given in the Bethell process before the 
treatment is begun. After the timber has been placed 
in the treating cylinder, it is subjected to air pressure of 
a predetermined intensity. Creosote is then admitted 
into the cylinder, while this pressure is maintained. 

When the cylinder is filled with creosote the pressure 
on the oil is raised to about one hundred and fifty or more 
pounds and held until no more oil can be forced into the 
wood. The cylinder is then drained of oil and a final 
vacuum drawn to increase the expansive force of the air 
in the timber and to dry the wood as quickly as possible. 
The length of time the compressed air is held, the pressure 
of the compressed air, the length and pressure of the oil 
period and the length of the vacuum all vary with the kind 
of timber under treatment. Reuping-treated timber has 
a tendency to drip much longer than timber treated 
without the use of compressed air, and the rate of evapor- 
ation of the creosote from it is also likely to be greater. 

Burnett Process 

William Burnett patented this method of treatment 
in England in 1838, and it has been in constant use since. 
It is commonly referred to as the "standard" process, 
using a water-soluble salt, chloride of zinc. The method 
of treatment is exactly analogous to the Bethell process, 
the only essential difference being in the character of the 
preservative. As a general rule, water solutions can be 
forced into wood deeper than oils, so that under any given 
set of conditions slightly better penetrations are secured 
from the use of zinc chloride than from creosote. The 
Burnett treatment is in extensive use in the United States 
and Europe, where it has given excellent results in pro- 
longing the life of timber not set in very wet conditions. 
On account of the soluble nature of the salt, several 
methods have been employed to retard its leaching action, 
some of which are now extensively practised. 

There is also in use the "Card" process which is a 
treatment similar to the Bethel except a mixture of 
creosote oil and zinc chloride for the preservative. 

In the past a considerable number of ties were 
treated with the "Wellhouse" process which used as a 
preservative a mixture of glue, zinc and tannin. This 
treatment has now become obsolete. There have been 
also many ties pressure treated in the past with various 
solutions and mixtures, but these have practically all been 
discontinued. 

During recent years at many of the larger tie treating 
plants machines have been installed for the purpose of 



adzing and boring ties before treatment. The adzing 
machine planes that portion of the face of the tie upon 
which the rail or rail plate bears, thereby accomplishing 
two important things. One is that sawn ties which have 
warped in seasoning and hewn ties which are seldom faced 
true are given a uniform surface across the full width, 
which reduces mechanical wear to a minimum. The 
second thing accomplished is that on account of not 
having to adze the tie before placing it in the track, the 
treatment is saved at the most important point. 

The boring machine bores the spike holes to any gauge 
wanted and marks the line side of the tie during the same 
operation. In addition to being correctly gauged for 
laying in the track, the tie has a penetration of preservative 
where it is most needed. The spike holes in a tie come at 
a point under the rail plate just at the edge of the rail, 
where by reason of abrasion the tie is most apt to be 
subject to initial decay. The boring machine bores the 
holes entirely through the wood which allows a greater 
penetration at this point than at the less vulnerable 
portion of the wood. This also overcomes the additiona 
abrasion and breaking down of the wood cells or fibre by 
reason of driving spikes where the hole is not already 
prepared. Spikes driven into a tie that has been bored 
have greater holding power than those driven into the 
solid wood. There is no question but that this practice 
materially lengthens the life of a tie. 

There has also been in operation for a year or more 
at the largest creosoting plant in Canada, a perforating 
machine for perforating, (or incising), refractory woods, 
such as Douglas fir, tamarac, hemlock and some of the 
pines. This machine may be set up in conjunction with 
the adzing and boring machines and the ties perforated 
during the same handling, if desired. The machine in 
use for this work is adjustable for any desired spacing of 
perforations on the four sides of ties or timbers, this being 
determined by the kind of wood. The perforations, (or 
incisions), enable the operator to secure a much deeper 
penetration into the heartwood and a more uniform 
distribution with a smaller quantity of preservative. 
This results in a greater life for the tie on account of the 
better penetration and distribution and a very substantial 
saving in the cost of the treatment. 

The perforations are, for most woods, made in 
staggered rows of approximately one inch crosswise and 
two inches lengthwise of the tie, but on account of the 
careful staggering no longitudinal fibre is separated 
oftener than every six inches. The incising of ties and 
timbers, especially those made from refractory woods, is 
proving so successful that it will doubtless soon become a 
common practice. 

As has been shown, the pioneers of the treating 
business in the United States confined their work largely 
to cross ties, switch ties, marine piling and railroad bridge 
materials. Later on the treatment of telephone and 
transmission poles was started and on account of the fact 
that the results of the first poles planted were highly 
satisfactory and proved a very pronounced economy, this 
end of the business has, during the past fifteen years, 
grown by leaps and bounds until today the more pro- 
gressive engineers responsible for the continuous operation 
and efficiency of the lines under their supervision cannot 
afford to continue the high cost of maintenance of quickly- 
decayed, burnt and broken poles. 

Many of you gentlemen are probably not aware of 
the fact that a properly and thoroughly creosoted pole, 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



15 



after it is planted, is absolutely fire resistant. This 
statement is borne out by many cases where creosoted 
poles have passed through disastrous fires and they were 
the only things left standing and are still in use; in fact, 
it is a favorite demonstration of some of the creosoting 
people to give actual tests of the fire resistance of poles 
at their plants. 

Owing to past economies, creosoted materials are 
being used in almost every conceivable form. Millions 
of creosoted fence posts have been treated throughout the 
middle west and in Canada they are supplanting the 
untreated post. 

The following is a brief list of some of the purposes for 
which creosoted materials are used: Track ties; switch 
ties; piling for marine work; piling for bridge and fresh 
water structures; fence posts; trunking for block and 
signal systems; timber and planking for storm sewers; 
telegraph poles; telephone poles; transmission line poles; 
electric light poles; general building material; bridge 
timbers; wharf timbers; mining and shaft timbers; crossing 
plank; roof decking for round house roofs; roofing for 
industrial plants; blocks for round house floors; blocks for 
industrial floors; blocks for street paving; wooden conduit; 
cross arms. 



/ 



Everyone of these treated materials have and are 
showing economies in maintenance all the way from 30 
per cent to 75 per cent per annum. 

Notwithstanding the many millions of dollars spent 
on re-forestation, the creosoting industry has and is 
accomplishing more in the way of timber conservation 
than has been accomplished in any other direction. When 
one million ties are properly treated and properly plated, 
thus enabling us to increase their life from three to four 
times the normal life of the untreated tie, we have con- 
served for the nation two to three million ties per annum. 
This applies even to a greater extent to poles and other 
wooden materials where mechanical wear is not involved. 

Eastern Canada has standing today one of the largest 
bodies of hardwood timber on this continent consisting 
principally of birch, beech and maple, all of which woods 
are subject to quick decay if used in an untreated state. 
All of these species of woods, when properly seasoned and 
creosoted, are very long lived, and, when so treated, 
would reduce at least 75 per cent per annum the annual 
maintenance of docks, platforms, crossing planks, cattle 
guards, and many other structures, involving millions of 
dollars of capital investment, and these woods will, in my 
opinion, be utilized freely by Canadian engineers in the 
very near future. 



Proprietary Asphalt Pavements Covered by 
Trade Names and Patents. 

The principal Features of Proprietary and Patented Asphalt Pavements. 

Charles A. Mullen, M.E.I.C. 
Consulting Paving Engineer , Director of Paving Department, Milton Hersey Company, Limited. 

Paper read before the Montreal Branch, The Engineering Institute of Canada, October 16th, 1924. 



The proprietary and patented asphalt pavements at 
present most used and discussed in Canada, covered by 
trade names and more or less by patents, are: Bitulithic, 
Warrenite-Bitulithic, and Standardite; National, and 
Willite; Westrumite and Amiesite; Kyrock and Traffic- 
way. 

In the first three pavements, Bitulithic, Warrenite- 
Bitulithic, and Standardite, the differentiating features 
are in the structure of the pavement surfaces themselves; 
and the nearest prior art equivalent is discussed under the 
name Jensenite. In the next five pavements, National, 
Willite, Westrumite, Amiesite and Kyrock, the diff- 
erentiating features are in the materials and the methods of 
preparing and laying the pavement surfaces, and not in 
the structures thereof. In the last two pavements, Kyrock, 
and Trafficway, the words used to designate them seem to 
be trade names only, referring to special products of parti- 
cular firms. 

The Bitulithic Pavement 

The Bitulithic pavement consists of a surface layer 
of asphaltic concrete, the mineral aggregate of which is 
graded from particles about one and one quarter inch in 
diameter down to impalpable powder, for the purpose of 
reducing the "percentage of voids" and securing a high 
degree of "inherent stability" in the pavement surface. 

The Bitulithic surface is usually laid so that it is 
about two inches thick after the mixture is thoroughly 
compressed by rolling. As the surface still remains 
"honeycombed" or porous on top, a prior art "Abbott 



Grit Surface" seal-coat is applied, which consists of 
flushing the main Bitulithic under course with asphalt 
cement and covering it with a thin layer of stone chips 
or coarse sand. 

The prior art covering is left to be beaten into a thin 
seal-coating upper course by the traffic; but the excess of 
stone chips is finally worn away, leaving the large Bitu- 
lithic under course stones exposed on the. surface and the 
interstices between these stones sealed by the top dressing. 

The Warrenite-Bitulithic 

The Warrenite-Bitulithic pavement consists of a 
surface layer of asphaltic concrete much like that of the 
Bitulithic pavement. The nature of the thin upper seal- 
coating course and the method of applying it constitute 
the principal change from Bitulithic to Warrenite-Bitu- 
lithic. 

The differentiating feature is that, after the main 
prior art Bitulithic type under course is spread and before 
it is rolled, a fine mixture of the prior art sheet asphalt 
type is spread over it in a thin layer, and the two courses 
then receive their "initial compression" by being rolled 
together, so that there is no clear line of demarkation 
between the main under course and the thin upper or 
seal-coating course in the completed Warrenite-Bitulithic 
pavement, and the total resulting thickness is "densest 
at its top." 

This method of compressing the lower and upper 
courses at one time, and not separately, is the feature 
which is claimed to be new; no claim to novelty is made 



16 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



by the Warrenite-Bitulithic pavement for either the lower 
or the upper course mixture, considered separately. 

The Standardite Pavement 

The Standardite pavement is similar to the Warrenite- 
Bitulithic pavement in every important particular except 
one. The change from Warrenite-Bitulithic to Standard- 
ite is even simpler than the change from Bitulithic to 
Warrenite-Bitulithic. 

The differentiating feature is that, where, in War- 
renite-Bitulithic, the main prior art Bitulithic type 
under course is spread and not rolled at all before the thin 
layer of fine mixture of the prior art sheet asphalt type 
is "spread over it for the seal-coating course, in Standardite, 
the main Bitulithic type under course is rolled just 
slightly before the thin upper layer of fine sheet asphalt 
type seal-coating mixture is spread thereupon. 

The purpose of this rolling is to turn down the points 
of the larger stones in the under course, but the com- 
pression must not be sufficient to so compact the main 
under course to the extent that, when rolled together, 
there will be a clear line of demarkation between the two 
courses in the completed Standardite pavement; and this 
pavement is also "densest at its top". 

This method of compressing the lower course only 
sufficient to turn down the points of the large stones at 
the surface, before applying the upper course, and then 
compressing both courses to final density under the 
roller at one time, is the feature which is claimed to be 
new; no claim to novelty is made by the Standardite 
pavement for either the lower or the upper course mixture, 
considered separately, or to the compression of the two 
courses together, as in Warrenite-Bitulithic. 

The Jensenite Pavement 

The Jensenite pavement is similar to the Standardite 
pavement in every important particular except one. The 
change from Standardite to Jensenite is quite as simple 
as the change from Warrenite-Bitulithic to Standardite, 
if not more so. 

The differentiating feature is that, where, in Stan- 
dardite, the main prior art Bitulithic type under course 
is spread and rolled lightly to turn down the points of the 
larger stones in the under layer before the thin upper 
layer of fine prior art sheet asphalt type seal-coating mix- 
ture is spread, in Jensenite, the main Bitulithic type under 
course is rolled a plenty, and then, after it is spread, the 
thin upper layer of fine sheet asphalt type seal-coating 
mixture is rolled a plenty also. 

There is no clear line of demarkation between the 
two courses in Jensenite either, for there is a "honey- 
comb" on the surface of the compressed main under 
course into which some of the fine upper course seal- 
coating mixture is forced during its compression by rolling; 
and this pavement too is "densest at its top". 

The method of compressing the lower and upper 
course mixtures in an asphalt pavement while both are 
still warm is not novel with either Warrenite-Bitulithic or 
Standardite, as this has always been recognized as desir- 
able in the prior art; it is the leaving of the under course 
uncompressed in the one case and compressed only suf- 
ficiently to turn down the points of the larger stones on 
the surface in the other case that are claimed as new. 

Bitulithic vs Jensenite 

Bitulithic and Jensenite differ not so much as War- 
renite-Bitulithic differs from Bitulithic. The variation 
is in the thin upper or seal-coating layer; and the only 



differences in the method of applying this course are 
those incident to the types of seal-coatings themselves. 
The differentiating feature is that, as we have 
already seen, where the Jensenite has a thin upper seal- 
coating course of prior art sheet asphalt mixture spread 
evenly upon the thoroughly rolled main Bitulithic type 
under course, the Bitulithic, after thorough rolling, is 
flush-coated with. asphalt cement and covered with a thin 
layer of stone chips or coarse sand, in accordance with 
the Abbott prior art, which covering is usually left to be 
beaten into a thin seal-coating by the traffic, though 
sometimes given a perfunctory rolling. 

The Compass has been Boxed 

The compass has been boxed by these patented 
pavements. The prior art pavement immediately pre- 
ceding Bitulithic consisted of an asphaltic concrete or 
Bitulithic type "close-binder" with a sheet asphalt top. 

Frederick John Warren left off the sheet asphalt top 
and substituted the thin prior art Abbott flush-coating and 
stone-chip sealing course, and called the result Bitulithic 
Edwin C. Wallace next changed to a thin prior art sheet 
asphalt top sealing course which was spread before rol- 
ling the "close-binder", and called it Warrenite-Bitu- 
lithic. James Francis Driscoll next rolled the "close- 
binder" a little to turn down the points of the stones, and 
called it Standardite. Chris P. Jensen next rolled the 
"close-binder" a plenty, as in the old "prior art," and 
called it Jensenite. 

If someone will increase the thin prior art sheet 
asphalt top sealing course of Jensenite to its original 
thickness of from one and one-half to two inches, he will 
be back where Frederick John Warren left the beaten 
track that most of us have preferred to follow. What 
will next be done with our poor old "prior art" friend I 
do not even venture to guess; but this old type still 
maintains its standing at the top of the list in our large 
cities. 

The quality of the mixtures used for the under and 
upper courses in the foregoing pavements, it seems to 
me, is of more importance than the special differentiating 
structural features having to do with the manner in 
which the mixtures are laid. In other words, a careful 
observance of the prior art principles for making the 
mixtures themselves is the prime essential. 

The National Pavement 

The uational pavement consists of a surface layer of 
asphaltic mixture the mineral aggregate of which is, to 
use the inventor's own words, "ordinary soil, clay, or 
loam, as distinguished from crushed stone, gravel or 
sand." 

The differentiating feature is just that, and nothing 
more; ordinary soil, clay or loam is substituted for crushed 
stone, gravel, or sand, or combinations thereof; otherwise 
the process is purely the prior art one by which sheet 
asphalt is produced. If the roadside aggregate happens 
to be a good grade of clay or clay and sand, and the 
practice in combining it with the asphalt cement is cor- 
rect, there is no reason why the result should not be a 
very good pavement; but this method seems to be sur- 
rounded with exceptional difficulties. 

No national pavements have been laid in Canada to- 
date, as far as I am aware; but a number have been con- 
structed in parts of the United States, and I understand 
some of these are considered successful. My own ex- 
perience with this pavement is nil. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



17 



The Willite Pavement. 

The Willite pavement consists of a mineral aggregate 
like that of the National pavement, mixed with an asphalt 
cement into which a small proportion of copper sulphate 
or other salt having like action has been introduced. 

The differentiating feature is in the addition of the 
copper sulphate to the asphalt cement, for the claimed 
purpose of "hardening and toughening" it, just prior to 
its entrance into the mixer containing the mineral aggre- 
gate. Hardening and toughening of asphalt cement to 
any desired consistency at the refinery is the prior art to 
Willite, and the prior art method is under better control 
and productive of more uniform and satisfactory results. 

The use of soil aggregate was abandoned for the 
Canadian practice in those Willite pavements laid at 
Niagara Falls and at Thorold, Ontario; and, I understand, 
it is also being abandoned in many parts of the United 
States. The Usual Hot Mix Method 

The usual hot mix method is employed in preparing 
and laying all of the pavements heretofore treated; 
that is, the mixtures depend for their plasticity and 
workability upon the liquification of the bituminous 
cement through the application of heat, and then harden 
by its cooling to atmospheric temperature. 

The next two pavements do not depend upon heat 
for the plasticity required while they are being laid, but 
upon solvents which serve their purpose as "liquifiers" 
and then evaporate, the pavements hardening through 
such evaporation instead of through cooling from a high 
heat to atmospheric temperature. 

The Westrumite Pavement 

The Westrumite pavement consists of a surface 
layer of asphaltic concrete, like Bitulithic, but it might 
consist of any other type of mineral aggregate treated 
in the Westrumite way. 

The differentiating feature is that the mixture is 
made on the job, without heating or drying the mineral 
aggregate or heating the bituminous cement, the latter 
being kept plastic through the use of "an emulsifying 
agent whose basis is water." 

Westrumite was laid cold. I say "was" because its 
production has apparently been abandoned. The emul- 
sified bituminous cement was shipped from a central 
manufacturing plant, and combined with the mineral 
aggregate, on the job, in an ordinary concrete mixer. The 
evaporation of the water left the pavement surface hard. 
No Westrumite is laid in Canada or the United States 
to-day, as far as I am aware; though there are a few suc- 
cessful "Westrumite" pavements still in service in some 
of our Western Ontario cities, principally Stratford. 

The Amiesite Pavement 

The Amiesite pavement consists of a surface layer of 
mixed method bituminous macadam, but it also may 
consist of any other type of mineral aggregate treated in 
the Amiesite way. 

The differentiating feature is that the mixture is 
made at a central manufacturing plant and shipped to 
the job, where it is laid cold, the bituminous cement being 
kept plastic through the use of a light oil such as kerosene, 
called the "liquifier". 

Amiesite is laid cold, days and weeks or even months 
and years after its manufacture. As long as the mixture 
remains piled in bulk, the "liquifier" mostly remains in 
it ; yet, when spread upon a foundation and rolled, exposed 
in a thin layer to the atmosphere, the "liquifier" evapor- 
ates and the bituminous cement is thereby gradually 



hardened to the desired consistency. Amiesite was first 
laid in Canada last year, principally at Quebec city; but 
it has been laid quite extensively and for a number of 
years past around Philadelphia, the home of Dr. Amies, 
its inventor. 

The Amiesite mixture is made by first introducing 
cold mineral aggregate into the mixer, then dampening it 
thoroughly with a light oil like kerosene, called the 
"liquifier", as a sort of priming coat and temporary flux, 
then coating the dampened mineral aggregate with liquid 
asphalt cement of the desired consistency, after which a 
proportion of hydrated lime is added. 

The mixed asphalt macadam type of pavement 
construction is that to which the Amiesite method has 
been successfully applied. An under layer of coarse 
Amiesite mixture in which the mineral aggregate is prin- 
cipally one and one-half to three-eighths inch stone is 
first spread and compressed upon the prepared foundation, 
then an upper layer of fine "Amiesite" mixture in which 
the mineral aggregate is principally three-eighths to one- 
eighth inch stone chips is spread and compressed there- 
upon. 

The bitumen-coated particles of the fine Amiesite 
upper course mixture are of a size to key into the surface 
voids of the bitumen-coated particles of the compressed 
coarse Amiesite under course mixture on the macadam 
principle ; which is facilitated by the fact that the bitumen 
coating of the under course remains plastic while this is 
being done. When the rolling is completed, sand is 
spread evenly over the surface of the pavement to fill 
the small surface voids which still remain in the upper 
course and seal it further as it receives its final compres- 
sion under traffic. 

The cold laying feature of Amiesite, combined with 
the macadam construction, seems to gain for it whatever 
advantage there is in the special non-rolling and lightly 
rolling features of the Warrenite-Bitulithic and the 
Standardite pavements; and the rolling of the two Amie- 
site courses together while they are both still plastic is 
done at leisure instead of against the rapid cooling of the 
mixtures depending upon heat for the plasticity during 
laying and compressing. Amiesite is also "densest at 
its top". 

The Kyrock Pavement 

The Kyrock pavement is any pavement in which 
Kentucky rock asphalt as produced by the Kentucky 
Rock Asphalt Company is used; and Kentucky rock 
asphalt is to some extent analagous to our own Alberta 
asphaltic sand. 

The differentiating feature is that the product of the 
Kentucky Rock Asphalt Company is used ; nothing more. 
Exactly the same material from some other source laid 
in exactly the same way would not produce a Kyrock 
pavement. 

Kyrock is also laid cold, which is made possible by 
its lack of dust filler and the inferior grading of its mineral 
aggregate, combined with the softness of the bitumen with 
which the sand grains were coated by the accidence of 
geological formation. Kyrock was first laid in Canada 
this season, the Ontario highway department having 
ordered a small quantity for experimental purposes. It 
is used quite extensively however, within a reasonable 
shipping distance of its Kentucky origin. 

Kyrock is sand and asphalt, about 93.5 per cent sand 
and 6.5 per cent soft asphaltic bitumen, by weight, as 
tested by our Montreal laboratory. Kyrock may be said 
to be a sheet asphalt paving mixture, the sand aggregate 



18 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



of which is not specially well graded, pulverized dust filler 
absent, and the bitumen considerably softer than is 
usually employed in sheet asphalt paving work. 

If such a material as Kyrock is needed in Canada, it 
can be manufactured from Canadian sand and asphalt, 
over ninety per cent sand and under ten per cent asphalt. 
There is no economic reason for freighting Kentucky 
sand to Canada, since it is not superior thereto; nor is 
there any reason why such a Canadian asphalt mixture 
should not be made superior to Kyrock in several respects. 

The Nearest Prior Art 

The nearest prior art to the cold-laid pavements is, 
of course, the same pavement laid by the hot mix method ; 
or, in the case of Kyrock, the same mixture from some 
other source, laid cold. 

The plasticity for laying depends, in the one case, on 
liquifying the bituminous cement by the use of heat for 
long enough to make and lay the mixture; in the other 
case, it depends either, as with Kyrock, upon the bitu- 
minous cement being sufficiently plastic to lay cold, or, 
as with Westrumite and Amiesite, upon its being rendered 
so, for long enough to make and lay the mixture, through 
the use of a "liquifier" that, having performed its function, 
evaporates and leaves the bituminous cement in the 
pavement of the desired consistency. 

There are differences incident to these methods of 
laying, no doubt, but I have not yet considered them suf- 
ficiently. One would be that due to the slower hardening 
of the mixtures rendered soft by "liquifier" than of those 
rendered soft by heat. 

The Traff icway Pavement 

The Trafficway pavement is one that was but recently 
brought to my attention. The trade name Trafficway is 
the property of the Godson Contracting Company, of 
Toronto; but whether or not the name is to cover some 
special feature differentiating their pavements from 
others, or is simply to be used as a trade name on pave- 
ments constructed by them under specifications which 
they are willing to stand back of with their reputation, I 
do not yet know. 

The Monopolies Claimed 

That a monopoly is claimed under a patent for one 
or the other of the foregoing pavements, is as far as I care 
to go; for I do not want to be understood as venturing 
an opinion as to the validity or invalidity of patents. The 
basic patents only will be mentioned in the following 
paragraphs. Frequently, there are several patents, each 
claiming a monopoly of some one special feature of a 
pavement. I have not examined all of these critically, 
for a glance assured me that they were not germane to 
this discussion of the main differentiating features in the 
pavements named. 

A monopoly of Bitulithic was claimed under the 
Frederick John Warren United States patent number 
727,505, dated May 5th, 1903, which expired on May 5th, 
1920, and under the Frederick John Warren Canadian 
patent number 88,116 dated' Jul v 5th. 1904, which expired 
July 5th, 1922. 



Bitulithic is public property now, of course, and a 
part of the prior art when later pavement patents are 
considered. This patent was successfully sustained in 
the courts through its life, although many engineers felt 
very strongly that it should never have been granted. 

A monopoly of Warrenite-Bitulithic is claimed under 
the Edwin C. Wallace United States patent number 
959,976, dated May 31st, 1910, and under the Edwin C. 
Wallace Canadian patent number 132,025, dated March 
28th, 1911, both presumably in force. 

A monopoly of Standardite is claimed under the 
James Francis Driscoll Canadian patent number 223,705, 
dated September 19th, 1922, and presumably in force. 
As far as I have information, there is no counterpart 
United States patent issued, though doubtless one has 
been applied for. 

Standardite is an improvement on Warrenite-Bitu- 
lithic, I think, and superior in type to Bitulithic; although 
I hold it inferior to Jensenite or the "prior art" asphalt 
pavement. 

No monopoly of Jensenite is successfully claimed by 
anyone; it is not patented, and the word is merely an 
adaptation of the name of the county engineer of Fresno 
county, California, Chris P. Jensen, who laid it in prefer- 
ence to Warrenite-Bitulithic. 

The Warren Brothers Company of Boston sued the 
county of Fresno contractors for infringement of the 
Wallace patent, and Warren Brothers lost in the trial 
court. They have appealed the case, but it is hard to see 
how any court could possibly uphold their contention. 
I have in my office a printed copy of defendant's trial 
brief, and the decision. 

A monopoly of National is claimed under the Michael 
A. Popkess United States patent number 1,008,433, 
dated November 14th, 1911, and under the Michael 
A. Popkess Canadian patent number 131,266, dated 
February 21st, 1911, both presumably in force. 

A monopoly of Willite is claimed under the Harry P. 
Willis United States patent number 1,190,615, dated 
July 11th, 1916, and under the Harrv P. Willis Canadian 
patent number 162,145, dated April 20th, 1915, both 
presumably in force. 

A monopoly of Westrumite is claimed under the 
Leonard Schade Van Westrum United States patent 
number 956,009, dated April 26th, 1910, reissued July 4th, 
1922 under reissue number 15,401, and under the Leonard 
Schade Van Westrum Canadian patent number 125,365, 
dated April 26th, 1910, both presumably in force. 

A monopoly of Amiesite is claimed under the John 
Hay Amies United States patent number 934,494, dated 
September 21st, 1909, and under the John Hay Amies 
Canadian patent number 134,803, dated August 8th, 
1911, both presumably in force. 

The monopoly of Kyrock is commercial rather than 
legal; though I presume the trade name, which indicates 
the product of the Kentucky Rock Asphalt Company, 
may not be used by anyone else. 



January, 192o 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



19 



Ktaufj Charters 



BORDER CITIES BRANCH 

<lhi* (faiiabian *§»'orirtn of (iibil <in«,iinTi5 

Ul'l HlTl'ilS Iri lollou'iua iiuuihrir i'I Tlii' Fiuiuuttiiui Insliliilr pl ( iiimPii iiiiiurlr 
Ft (IHtDpib Willorp I'ppr ImpF Ifi'rhm H lilvrslrr l' I Williams (aha ft Will mini At UiPOcll Ultra (lit \\m 
thorns liiwimrs I SIMIcs. llTluiiir 1,'Atiulrlr rt F Faslinau Dallip iDllilPI Fnusl T KrrrMiin V I! Iirllli'v. 
A li rtiiiiniirr l. T Br«! fimrel G I>tti»rrspi (I) ^ Lilian fllfrrl i Strums Y \n RriPiH mi ( t- I'irirr Ml auto Pih 
•ui forma! arpiuaiion fn [to ntiMbhvnl m n l««i hraiuh of llu Iniilnt, «w 

(' I 1 1 ll f If U6 iiiiilimili' iim* jrailrl ihr priinonrrs Up ilif Gamiril mi l«( iiuraip- 
firsl Pap o' Frliruarp. I'M'"' 

8f il kiniuui llii'Vi'l'i'iT inn tin- ( ounrii ol tk f-ujiiiffnini insiiiuif of 

( piuiPi miiVr Ihr ronslilnlipa «n( »r Inui'j lirrrw com™* Ihr rsloblislimrnl nno fssiKS IMS (Mrtff lb Ikf liorPa 
run-.- r.tiinrii of Mf 6np(frin| Ireltlulf ol Coimpo is rpilrnrt of ihr aftruiit Mihoriiiiiioii 



CALGARY BRANCH 



<w- 



^i/ x> ~ Jncoryoraicti 188? ''//; 



H'i 



(the (Uanabian ^'uriiio of (iibil ilixqJMers 



% 



Soli 



IfTfilS the fdlJluinj mrmhrrs ol'Thrt ihooion Joriflp of Citil Hnflmfrri 
naiiirlrli II (Hiirklrsiori. I 1 (I) SoiiOrr H I) Pflro A > Damn, F \Y ollranniifr, tiro ljoraaur*. 
,.T C I tin I A.Svmr*. EM.{fimhi(ii uuP III AmolP )iil apple lo 11k Couiiril of Ihr Snrirle for 

oniliimiiilipii lo firm ihriMrirrs jnio a loroi praiiili, irtirii uiillioriip urns prpuirP ihrrrlor bp the Founnl 
« iftf rip,hlb Par of April. I'll >. anP 

(!(!lhn'f ns ilif minir Pf ilir sail Sptiflp Ms rboiiaro br nn of 1'iirlnmtnl. 
mi ibr lifirrnlb Pup pf Apnl 1018 Ip Ibr Fripinrrriiip Institute of OlMta, 

I it it lunntui tt| rrrft»rf that m (Iiunrii pi TbrFnprrnno, Iwiiiuie »i Cmad 

unirr Ihr rpiulilulipp HOP bo-IMS. hrrrbr ioniums tltr rolaplislinrnl «ll) issues IPU thnrirr ID Ibr I Plprnr llrmub 
of Tbr Hnainrrnup Intiiiulr ii| CannPii it# rnPrnrr pf Ilir iiforr^mO PNIPPrijAliPii 



PRESIDENT 
<S-<~f" SECfiETART 



W- 



CAPE BRETON BRANCH 

^ S Jncorporatcli 188? **fo 



as 



(the (faniibian *§of if b of (Iibil finaJNims 



% 



WCLl 



(JCI hrrfilS tin- MlppJinp rarmPPH nf Tbr 6MJn<!rinj Ulilulr pf ( iamPa. 
nunifir lliinnn i ffipiriiPn, PF.d)icl*M(. hrnnrlb (i ( miirmn \u l{ (ll«ri*iin. Ii K Lpurfnct 
fl \\. (Di(lli*irr hiimif I .unalrr Tli« I Urocon, (■; fl HrrtiMtwii II l).(llrllin«lP fsHnm (lUcpillibrir 
mP (i (Il.OPrll, pit iiinbr Pur «nP fprmtl «pplir«lmn for Ibr (JUHIi-jbiiKnl pf « local tiranrti PI IHf 
liwhlulf. blip 

llClliriTaS niiibiirilp mi prpnlrP tin- prlilwiii'i'* Pp Ibr CpuikiI pn Ihi* frarllt 
Par Pf lanuarp. 1921. 

lit it kUOUTI thlTf flU't' thill llu- 1 :guncil nl "Ttw e:a(iuii'i'riii« liwtituli- 

ill l.anaPa. unPrr ihr raiulilulta ami Hr law* hrrrbp rpnfinn* Ilir r'UPlitlimrnl anP i»*uf* Nil* rliurlrr 
l« Ibr ( 'apr Ikrlon llraiuli tf Tbr tin|iiirrrmp MmiK p| Canjpp « rnPrnrr pi Ibr ifirfMiJ <ulppn:ili(b 

7IWA^i^ 



^r. 



EDMONTON BRANCH 



n-j 



ahr (Tanabuin ^'ofirln of clibil (cnghwets 



% 



< I Mini 
MIWP 
ilppll' U 



{ iillilPil 
llniiirb 



aali 



JlMluH'CaS Ibr l(lliiiriiui inrml'rrp p| Tin I nnPian imirlfi'l (nil BnaitKrt narnrli' 
:s II) W lurtiii' BlSamilns WIDiur. (•»«»! rt < LnUrurll (dill™ IMWI IWllliillibm Cbitlrs 
l.lit-llu'l l{Uiiimi|iMui j. I).l!p|'(ttspn jl.lilr (i h Hirbirisrn llnuFWiUMl mi) HhmT HriiaPio 
Ibr I riiniil il Ibr Sirirlp fur milbunpilimi It fprm Ibrinsrlrrs inlt il Knl bnimP Irbirb aultwrilp bn» pranlri 
br Ibr ( onnril pit Ibr rlrprnlb Pur pf April l'M'l. MP 

(lOllH'Vl'VlS Ihr mini' Pl Ibr fail Safirrt ma* rlanjfj br flu if lVliimrnl ti Ibr 

One of April I '"> I . > lo Tbr Fiipinririiia liiflilnlr if CiimPo, 

Of ll luii'lt'll llli'lTfnri' nun ilir I (mini 01 Tlir ^iipiiurniia lnslilulr »( 
miori Ibr runflilbliin mP brliinip birrbr tpnfinn* Ibr fjiiibli»Pmral anP issurj Ibis rbirlrr l»lbr (rlwatin 
m Tbr (-npinmiM Insliliilr m (fpiaPa as rinifiiir ol Ilir iilorrsnip aulliprijlliin 

' ' " f "^ RRESIOENT 



HALIFAX BRANCH 



<^ JlnaupunUcii 188? 'fyft. 

(The (I'anatlian *§»orirto of (Cibil (£iit),iuccrs 

(JtJl ItiTras llu lolloiriua mtmtors pflCtK.Canalitu Spriilp plCibil 6tiainws, pdmrlp 
Cr-'iVHoirll liinuii Uontin I'bllipft Frrrnian lUHmiiiiin lilM'wnopi IJolrnih HIiCpII Kranrlli ll Sinilli S llu 
TrilSrbrnii OlnAllPlji (CWuiwldl WPttirrisPi ELb.fDrEcihnu fll'Hrwn JFPriiijIi l.tiVmiTiirl. ( I). 
FmUrjon F rt BotPtnav 1 1. Allou anl 11 IDl II I ampltll 111 rniolr IP llu ( ounnl Pf ihr Sbcirlp for iiuihoniainui lo form 
Ihrmsrlrm inlo o liml Otiuiih Kbuli ouilumlr ipivj iirmilrp Ihttrlir It Ibr Counnl nil Ihr nmrlrriilli 0»v ol (Bitrrh, I ° I o rniP 

(!(!l_lli'IT"a5 Iht imtiK pf Ihr sail Socirlp Has rtifjiprp br Ail ol Pnrliamrnl nnlkr 
fiflnnlh Pap ol April 1915, lo Tbr Fnpinrrimii liwlilulr of ('miiiPn 

Hf il InmUUI thfVCfarC ilui the Oouiuil pl [Dili ensin«iitij lii'iiiliilrni 
CjnaPa unPrr ibr roialilulion mP tp-Ulos limit roiifiriM Ihr rMiibliibniriil anP issues Ibn ctiatttr lo Ibr lmliliu 
Hr«nrP ol Tbr Fnpinrrnnp ln^lilulr ol VMiU as rtiPrnrr pf Ihr nii'iuiup oiilbiin;nlioii 



HAMILTON BRANCH 



®>\ 



^ " JncorporatcD 188? ''tyf\ 



(Lhr (Taiiiiiiian^'ofirlu nlilibil ^nctiums 

ll(!l llCTCas ibr liiiiiittniiii inraiim pf Tbr finpinrrrinp Insliliilr pf C.anapp 

iiiiiiirlp-F ll lliirluip (llfthriim. W F ianiirr. j II pidiplspu, W II lllmli I lui* III unipurll, I (iPtPPn Imt 
F l| Inor, li II IMiiipiii mu F \\ Piiilin. Pip mrtr Pur pup lornml iipplirnlion for Ibr roliil'lioiiuiriil Pf ii lorni 
Piiniib ol ibr Ipiiiimr. oiui 

(IdihfrfaS uiiilionlp mas pnuilrfl Ilir prlilii'iirr* bp Ilir ("pimril pp ilir 
Wiiilp - fifth Pur pl (iinr 19-15 

I if il llUOiril IhiTT'l'iU'i'lliiil Ihr Ominril ul Tlir Fiiiiiiiri'iiiip Insliliilr 
hi l piiiiPii unPrr ibr ipii?iiiiiIipii pup nr-liiips, lii-rrlip runiirnit ilir (Slphlishnii'ill Mil isjnts this rhnrlir 
lo ibr Imiuilloii llranrli pi Tlir Fiipiurrnnii liwliimr pf limuPii iio rriPrmr ol llu afpri'llU PiilhPrilPliPii 



Border Cities Branch: Presented by President Dr. Arthur Surveyer on November 8th, 1924. 

Calgary Branch: Presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem on October 22nd, 1924. 

Cape Breton Branch: Presented by Secretary Fraser S. Keith on November 19th, 1924. 

Edmonton Branch: Presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem on September 29th, 1924. 

Halifax Branch: Presented by Vice-President F. A. Bowman on November 17th, 1924. 

Hamilton Branch: To be presented by Vice-President J. B. Challies. 



20 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



i^ranclj Charters 



KINGSTON BRANCH 

'\\0^ " incorporate 188? f ty/A 



1 



cl lie (fanauian §oi irtu of ^libil €ncjmms 



(M\ 



. J llfrCitS lht Mimim. mtmbtrs il Tht Quiita Jtnflr t[ (litil 6p.gin.ffrs 
nimttrLVi' S.M tt'l. ttliliilm Ml Klrim « K bin. « R Kullfr. flln K Kirkmlnck 9lnm»it 

IDintnl I f Haniim t-mrsi R Hristriih I R I oihmnr 1 6 l.mtsiv not F E (tlilitr lit ipplr It Hit fiiiiiiil 
(I iht Sonnr (01 «iiition:ilion It liirm ltiruis.tlm inn 11 lanl branrh mtiiih aulhonli' IMS annuo Hitttlot If ihr 
i Iht Jtbf nlrnuh ii( ll Krbmirj I'M I out 

W!l ll i - V i" '.1 S Hit nut (I Hit siit Sirtrtv two (■inp.rt In' Ail t( Pflriianitnl in 
thr (illffnlh iinp ol rtiinl 1015 ll Tit t-naiartriua lnslilult (I t'nnttt -• 

I )t il kmUlMl llirrrfurf IM IUr tafll of T.U t-njiuttriiit liislilnlt nf 

( aafltJ iiiitn Hit fonslilulitt .ml rr-luirs littttir mntirnis Ibt riliihlishuirnl iiud issurs lliis rhurlri It Ibt lunation 
llraum il Tbr fnmuttriiK liblilint ol ('tniil iis rrilrnrr ol Ihr altrrsiit niilhiniiiliin 



LAKEHEAD BRANCH 



•\$ * JncorporatcM88Z "#&A 

alii' (Tanauiar, *§orirln of (Libil (frtgittms 

UUliHTlMS Hit I'ulliilnini mfmiitrs of Tlit Fnuiiiftnini Insiilulf nl I '«>« naniflr- 
Billpll |! I lunitln lirtliHurhittf lift I'llrtiHir il lOfttrr. EX btrttprl FCWinmn I ftiittnisfn Viuiiti T 
Illiooir li ill l.finit \ i Iwi'iitt . iwif lliiiniuiii I) S biiiirtrt F ' \\ llonison l)(> I airrri U< W Turnrr. ««) 
ft (5frnli) irlir.TS tit iiiitlit tnf iiiiii liirmfl tppliratitll lor thv rslrthlisnmrnl l( il liiiiil friintn in Itit lnsiilulr ant 

(!(!lllfrniS iiulhoriU' fp«t,imintf) Ihf pftilitm'r* br Hit l minnl on Ibr 

Iiiiirli'i'iilli 9dF i'l flllilUJl l°l2t! 

I if it kill' UMI IhrTi'liUT Ihal ihf Cltuiifil if Thf l-iifliiiftrniii lnsiilulr 
m' ( iiiiiiiin nniifr Hit rtiKlilulitn nni tr-lilPr. hrrfbr rtntirms Ihf fsiablisiimrni ant issuts ibis rnarirr u n» 
l.iUfhfiiii I irmitn m Tin t-numrrriiit Insiilulf il i muitia as mina oi iht aftmtit Huin«n:«tian. 

'' - ~ " " •■ =»ES.OENT 



LETHBRIDGE BRANCH 



^ 



<i lir (LcUiabtiin ^'arictn of (Libil CLiu\,iucrrs 

CtCllhcrfilS Hit l'iilliiiiiiii|i iiitiiilifir of T,hr (-nuim'tniiii liislilulf if ( iiiuilii 
nmntlr iiiiiifil'inlft. Iifldliitliltrliiii I' (II.SlMfr. H.9).Wm». H 'Mlrlit ( I. Diifiif liM 'ithriw. 
' InlfP, II S Laottiiff I III rtninu li lM|mi*lon. ( {.linu. U\\ lllttili nm C IMIImhinltsU 
AS iiiiU't flit iino ltjrm.il appllrnlloii fir Hit tiiiiilifhiiitn! if a lnnl ITiintli if thr lustuuit ml 

t'C'llirVi'ilS niiihiiiiii' \inij niiiiiif) ihf utiiimiiiTi In' Hit Gounril to 
Hit lofnlr- fitil Jar of Onatfr. I^'JI 

15f il klll'llMl Illl'l'i'llU'f Ihil Hit Ctnntil ill Tilt en«iiiftrinj Insiilulf 
11 1 mi a ii .i iiiiorr Hit foiiiiiiiiiiiin mm nr-IM; tirrrur tuiilirni- Hit (tiipiiihnnt ant issufl mil) ihniitr iilhf 
l.tHitnliit llrintli of Tut t-niiniffrinn Insiilulf of I'miiuiii »i trilintf if mr nlottJiiil iiulhonnliin 



pnesioei 

3ECRGTA 



LONDON BRANCH 



>VA^ m JncotporaleD 188? 'ty/A 

<£*\ no '% 

Clhf (Tanatiian ^'oiidn nl (iibil iina.itiiYrs 

CiUlltcrfilS Itit follominfi mfmtitrs if Tht f-'ntinfmnp Inslilnlt of Ctniti. ntnfl; 
lilt I! I rw <Ui>nnlli I linn; Ifiratll |mt> fl Bfll fll9fWt! It 1 1 llHWt » I Blrtfj lllilrttll Htttfllltll ff {.MM. 
\V( Shim li lmiiin l.timiro |«i II Boilni ItisTiltil liil'lalips. lift liriiurr 6tl I ffrijW Vl e slfntitne HiMtt 
Iflfltillip. fl III hiftptlntt f. iisllntpfj, (< li fiHlmfri in* ft fl ftnltrfin HI mint lutinl formal upliniion for Ibr 
fSMHijtinitnl H « litoi fironth ol Ihr Inililult tnt 

(IC'llllTCnS milhotilf ni«« nrnnlfii Ihf ptliliratrs «r Iht Countil <n thr tbirtp- 
dr;l lir ifOrlahrr 1021. 

Bfll kllOtoll Illi'VCl'iirf llnil Iht Ciuntil of Xlir einniiiftrinnliiililnlrdCmli. 
nnltr lit tiiisliliilion nil hr-liini* htrthr tonlirms llir rtUtltPbmrnl onl i*3Uf? ttii* rhflrltr li Ibr Lonten Ilnnth 
11 Thr eiiiuun'VHui Insiilulf of Ciimili is rnlfiiff of Ibt uiorrsuo luinoiiiilion 

^fj.^y^—cV PSESIDEMT 



MONCTON BRANCH 



vvv^ m JncorporatciJ 188? r/ ^>A 



cihc (tanabian ^orirto of Ctoil foiajmms 



(!(!lh 



IT Cf C US llir li'lloii'imi nifmutrs nl Tlii't-nniiimiM liitliiulf uf I minlii nrnnflp 
i (■> DrrJrn K II Hnpii ( I) (llrllrnlli fi.fi Hmh. \\ fl Hull. II li euunrrioo Hrro li\Villiiiin», 
F II 'I'upirr |> i i riuiiir i t-Oinoion Win. 1 1. (Rafktliiif (I) I lllnrulii', i II.W.ih .intK II Hirruiiii. 
in) m«r eur nnl (irnml inpntiiliiii lor ibr rtlibliKinifiil ifn Htm hrintii 11 int In-iiiiiif. nut 

C'(!llli'l'l'il& aiiinotiir mo* jranifj Itio pflilipiifti ol Hit ( tunrll nn Ihf 
Itifnlr-Wfoiiii iiar af iiinf. I-^'JO, 

Dril k un inn llirrrfnff mm mr < nuurii 11 txthr enptn.rrine Twiiturr 

if (Until, unttr Ihr rinfliiulion una »r- mm*, nrrrbr riuliriiit Ihr fsliiuiidiinrifl nil l(juf» ihn I hirirt It Ibr 
(l)mrlon llrnnrb if 'Ihf enBiiiftrini liiMilwr if CmiiOii tt ri'itrutt of Ibr mori'Mio iiulliorenliin 






««? 



MONTREAL BRANCH 

k S^L/ V> - ?l,,.„.n..r,l,^ 1887 ^ 



Jucorporatcd 188T 



ns 



'"% 



(The (Caitabtati *§oi idu of cLibil (ntgjinms 

CJ CJl II ttl'A S llir liUloii'imi infiiil'tis 11 Tito I tutttal Jiniflr nf ( Ml t-n«uiftrj. nimrlr 
Ifilllliiiiiiiiinii ItSl.ffl Krtiifritt llllnlw Iftllnnifll ivohilMitunii l)n»ipbit(Milt.rtSK(l)tHH rtilll«.'(i*iHniriii 
I.M'iliiwu itlUiiirn hi \Mlibt llioiinfli lil'lltrtrt lllllw>irftltui:Mi llllrl.Hrrnill inn lid lliuiltr (H lliur It llitluuiinl (llir 
~oririr I'm iiilbiriiiinii Jo loriii IlKiiifdltr nut. Html I'lmirh liilu.h mllunlr wi tranlft Ihtrrnr hr Hit Cluutil (11 Iht ll'tnlp-lbirl 
til if (iiiiuiir lOlrt.tllt _ 

COlllfrCMS Hit mint il lilt sun' Sttitlr mas fhniiitl Uv fttl il rnrlniintnl in Ihr fiflrril* 
ttr ol ftiuil. I'Mn. li Tlift-iiiiinrtriui liislilnlr if ( null!. 

I If it klhUlUl Illfri'fiU'i' Ittl nrftinril H I'brKiiiinrrriuiilusliluirifCiniH, 
iimVr Hit fiiisliliilion nil Ur-liiirs lifiThr fuul'irni* Ihr friiiWuliiiinii .urn i«ur< niir .nintr It Hit (lliuirrol lltwrh ol 
T'hi(-ii|iir.rrriiiii InsliUilr ll ( iiiil.i us ti'iOfiitt ol llir woii'silo iinlburiiiliin. 

ft*U.^~~~'~'--J pbes.OENT 

*TM.9 |«HOH Or MUCH IBM ' ' SECfiETABT 



Kingston Branch: To be presented by Vice-President J. B. Challies. 
Lakehead Branch: Presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem on October 18th, 1924. 
Lethbridge Branch: Presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem on September 30th, 1924. 
London Branch: To be presented by Vice-President J. B. Challies. 
Moncton Branch: Presented by Vice-President F. A. Bowman on November 13th, 1924. 
Montreal Branch: To be presented at annual meeting by the President. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



21 



$ranclj Charters 



^_ 



NIAGARA PENINSULA BRANCH 



Jncoiuoratcil 188? fy/A 

(the (Canadian ^octrt^0i *Xilul (frightens 

(!l!l lift" fit* Ilir llHHI'llll Illi'MlU'l* HI TlKt-lllirai'lTIM llHtilllft |l( Clllllll IHIIKll' 

HI lllllinrliail III lliirti ' l|i'iWiil!(ilt*i'li ttallrr larkiiii lolm ll (oilM'a It r li'iimum ( llfolluiill Hi limm fllti 
(hum Kl).Sa>m n (Don-r KltRArrffrt IliiHMif ASfiut IMiliirfiurl AUtSilu wT1)mi hill 
llrtfiut ir h l fislra iiiiiniisDo nil n T Hurt Ml nuki iw inl formal Mliralini fir inr rctiMMii'il n it 
Ural Hriiiiiii ii mi lu-iiijiii' mil 

C'l'lllf IfilS miihiriir Ims iroiiM Ilit prtititnm hi m< ( piinnl mi mi llMiilt'- 
I'lllh lur Pi lllnnli I'MO 

I'll' it lumilMl Ihfrffnri' mm Hit (liimrii if mil* dnftinrrrinp Intitule 

n rniiiili iinur ilir fiiistiliiimi mil UMiui'j nmhr I'luiinn* llu i'*mpli*liiiirnl iim i-uit iiii ; iiiiiiirr IP 
ihr Dimm I'rniiifiilii lltiintli if Tin' Miiiumim liislilnu in (iiimilii u tmkmt II llu ilfimiil liiltircilion 



OTTAWA BRANCH 



/^ Jncotporale* 188? ty/A 

cThc (tnnnftnn Coring, nt (Tilril (Enghucrs 

(JUllllTlMS »!.■ ftiltwiim iiidiinm «' Tlir 'CuMiMou 5ii(if\( nl inni niauim-*, iiimtir 

I iillniiliiii'tt ^ilitriluT (III Hull.! Vlillim ll llll'tii'i' \\ lltli tliliiiv Ui' rt lUiiliiiliiu Vm rrtiiiVKiiu F llrlniiliN It'll Dilll'tiill, H H 

(I'lltilli' »HI l-llll'illl llll Km HI Mli-v I I'llU'l H I l-i'lu'-l e\ (iHlllriill 1 milium:;!! Hnili'lit llulm,'" 'II 'h |lul|>tll II HlHl^fl 
c.;)iiil-.,ul «., iii.i-I iii.i-'; l\ I llli ll.'Uiltl I Tl \ I mUr Allillimli'li It.' IX'r lll'.llhl .dm « lilllllll'l A rt Uitii tut H'rtl'r 
Wl.li, ,1.) I'll. ;',,i[ II H ll Hum' I K I .'nil..' I lil'iului' A I tmiHH'll lliljtrll* -mil =1 I iiiHHi'tii I- lll'i'lrrt 

-III ■ . ■ .', I ■ . i i: ill, Niuli iiir iiiilluui'iilii'i', ll Ii'iiii llii'iiirili'i'i ii'.li' jltuiUiijiiili ii'liuluuilhi'iili' U'n:iliiiiilrii IIiikIoi lir (hr 

I i in, ;, ii ;,',';;„; >i; ,| ||l,i;,u |O(0 ,|u,l 

WLl lliTl'VI S Hi.' iimiii' i'i mi fill) itririr imii iiinuiii'ii nr rtu m I'minunm! sniiir 
lii'irrnih ,l'ir m April. I'^ir. In Thr Mijiiii'iTinii liijliluli' (I l ilmiM. 

1 if ll llUOIVMI III ITT lt> IT ilm Ilii Ciniiiiil (I tBHf Hnjittttrinj liuliluii if OimM, 
unlrr the diiifiiinliiiii mi) lu'-imiv lim'W 1111111111* mr riiiiniitiiiuiiu nil i«u« m» rhiirirr In nit (ilium llrmi.'ii mint 

HlWMfl Ilia iMMlllr If (IIMM IK tTliVlltr ll Hi' II I'll If 4 III* lUIIHTlJllllll 









<@* 



PETERBOROUGH BRANCH 

^ " JncotporateH 188? ty/A. 



cLhr (Hmuibian ^orteto of Cibil (fripiws 

UL'lltfrcits iiir iWnwing mnwm if Thr Biijhif'miiij Inftihilf tfOutM 

Minrlr- ll li Vtnmi Kulil 11 Hiiia* II I. IW'hn (S i: iliiiiiin W (i ilhuiluiniii'i i' H I. Inllnlr 
I li Uiimrs ( rt (i luiiiiii I S.ttbilnff (omts (DutSinliiili \it\ (lliinmii mi) \\ A l.miiiii ill imiiif 
mil mil luiiinii miDiiciiinui fir mr rsiiiHiijiiKnl if « lunl riniuh ll lilt IntlilnK mil 

(lOllll'lT'il'J iiulliiuilr mil; niiiiili-l III,' iirliliuiiri's lir Ilir ( minnl iin Ihr 
tuirnlr- nplilli lor of (Inolirr I >-"i 1 

I 'if ll k u (i in ii HifrrfiM'f iiim Hie (imiiirii if Tin- Siiiiinwriiio Iiutiiuif 

if ('iiiiiilii nnlfr Ihr mnMiliili»n ml Ir-latn* lirrrl'v rmilirnu Ihr rslnllitliiiiriil mil issn« lliis rmrlrr Is Ilir 
I'rirrfiirniiiiii I Irnnrli »l Tlir Hnfinrrnnii Institute if I nuilii us Kilmer" if ilir ifinuil Biilliirijlliin 



QUEBEC BRANCH 



y^S.^ JiuorpoiiUcii 188? 'ty/A 

(!/hf (UaiutbiitB^'oriftuoJ (Libil (Bnejantns 



UUllllTlMii Ilir (iillfli'iin 
rtliii'iir rtt-lli'iuri l i. liar,'!- n.iiuiirr rlllllMrr I't 
l.ii'fir). l. hi H lMinniii.lt- iMniiiV l.jnu m,iii'( rtraiui - 

h.inii'll III- Ilii^li- IJilihll'iii'i llili'ini'i'ir -r-u Fri 

i i liarlrg i 1'iqiH. iiil iiuulr in ilir ( i'iuui si Ihi S 



iiriiiliiT.- i'i I'lir I iiiiiiiiiiiu >iiiirli' iii ( ml t-ii|iiiirriT iiriiinlr 
IMii'iil | li'iiiliilun Imali (i Hi'iiiiril i li'iilmiivi « ll lliiilliiiriir 

,.!.! I-'IUi H l-niiiif -H"''"Jr It'i-U'lll rtlliidi'i liimlldr (''itjinidriinl 
I' . r- li li.tr Hi It niilfiii.i.iil i Hlviar I'luh lliirn I'I I'llbtl 

■ .';:,iii I'i Mini iliiiii-i'irir mil' t li'uil riiiitili r.'lnili niilliiirilr li'tt 



fl'l .'I IMlln 



GC'lllfl'f tl'J Ilir iiniu.' "I Ilir Mil iii'irlr li'ilt rliiiii,ir,' 
lilliiiilli Iiir rl rtpril, I'i 1 1. it 'I'm HiiflinMriim liitlilulr i'i llanala 

I if it lUnUUll Illl'Vf tOVl' llml llu Ciuuril hi 'nir ftniiiiirrriiiLi liKiiiuif ,i( 
l iiiiiit'i miiii'r ilir iiiiKlilnlit'ii iiiil lii'-luui*. lirrrl'i' iiilllil'llH Ilir rtlillilitliinriil iimi i^iii ■ nm ni.irirr I,, ilir l^urlirr 
Itiiiurli i'i 'I'lir t-.iiiiiiifrnml liiflilulr nt ( miiilil u ri'llrurr in Ilir iiliirr^iiil iiiillii'iiiiiliiiii 



SAGUENAY BRANCH 



SX&® Jnan-piu-tUcit 188? ''fy>\ 

dhf tC,in;ioian ^orirlu uf (Tibil ^lujiiurrs 

(!l!l luTf tis iiir iiiiininiiu infmlim if Efliir6n(iiiHrinj Itwllluli if i immia 

iimnrlrCDiliiiiilr ( llrnllilr (WliHnrl l|\ llunrll H 1. Iltinrll, W It (lliiilirll I' Hurillil til 
A A IllirHiiiiiiii* (^ H l.iirnr. ftfl l.iillliillir I' t- lliiirnnni | H (irrui'ii an) d 11 Sunlit lilnntr 
itiir mi) ftirniit! iiiHiiiiniiiiii in ihr r^Ullirliinriil ol a liriil tininrli if Ilir urlilnlr. mil 

(Jdllll'lT'iUi iiiilliiivili' Mil* ni'iiiiir* ilir priiiiiiiirij hf ilir Oinnril in ihr 
imnilr-iiinili lui' if (Dii. 1925. 

Ill' it InNOU'II llli'lT'hUT' Hill llu ( ininiril il ' XniHiiiiiiiimMliKliliilf 
if ( Miiln. iimVr Ihr I'iMiiiuiiiii mil nr-imnj. iirrnir mnfirme Ihr («iii|i|i*liniriil mil w*nrj im« rlnirlrr u Ihr 
iimiruir llrmirn tif Thr t-iiiiiiirrrinn liijlilnlr m I nunli n* iTilrnrr of ilir murrjiil milhiriiiliiu 



w 



SAULT STE. MARIE BRANCH 

^ V " JncorponitcD 188? **#&£ 



Hhc (Tamioian ^'or if Id of iCibil (Engiitfecs 



Sal hi 



.JlllfrCUS Ilir folimiiinn inriiihrr* m Thr fliljlnitrinj lii*lilulr of 
I iinnlii uoiiu'lr- II ^ (lti< iiriiurl! I'. (-: Itanihill. II I. Siunrrs William 5 WiUon H H (inlfm. 
t\ (t To-rriiir I, l{ ItroQin C li r- l{iuinllittiflilr j\V l.rllllii** anl \\ \ Hnllrr 111 mflSr lur 
iinl formal applualiin far Ihr r?iuDii?ninrni af a laral hmniii pf ihr liitniliilr. anl 

(Illlhrrf IIS iiillnnlc ion* irnnlrl Ihr in'liliihrr* hr Ihr Oiniifil m Hie 

lliinili'-lir*l liif nl "(aiiiinrp, 1010 

I5r il k no lit n llli'rclorr ilmt ikr 6aimril- if nr 6nainrri1«( iniiiinir if 

( null, unlit Ilir rim*!iluliM nil hr lll>* hrrrhr iiiiliini* Ihl HlltWsnniriil mil isjur* ihu rharlrr ll Ihf 
•fiiull Sir (llirir liraurh nl Tlir elniiiiirrrinii lirfliimr if ('.<«*« is roilrnrr (I Ihr nlimill aaihinnlim 

POESIOEt 



Niagara Peninsula Branch: Presented by President Dr. Arthur Surveyer on November 7th, 1924. 
Ottawa Branch: To be presented by President Dr. Arthur Surveyer on January 8th, 1925. 
Peterborough Branch: Presented by Vice-President J. B. Challies on November 18th, 1924. 
Quebec Branch : To be presented by the President and the Secretary. 
Saguenay Branch: To be presented by Vice-President A. R. Decary. 
Sault Ste. Marie Branch: Presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem on October 16th, 1924. 



22 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Jgrand) Charters 



SASKATCHEWAN BRANCH 






ilncotporatcD ISST 



<ihr (Canadian ^'oridn of *Iil)il (fnojumrs 

iKllIlcrfctS llit (eHou'iim mrmtm if inr ( Hiiiuiiiiu Sotidp of Civil 6n«inffr», 

naintir- F (Dc flrttiur. R (TKrniit Hoards I! Ii (l)umir li ~ ( uuunlrf fU.fflrMfrsen « V* l.inion. 
li ti (DrVriin T ( i)uun. (Iff Smilt ana i l» at Stfiii Oil aoplr n Mf f.eunril il IK Seriflf for luibariiiiiii 

it lira riirosrirrs inio g Ural pranrli Ditaicb iiiiimriir ma; atanlro fhfrrfor nr Ihf ( iniiu'H (n me sultfiilli tar «l 
Krtnurr. |Op 



iliill 



llhi'rfi.a itrmnK ofllirsaifj Sarirtv Ina* fliiiifrt pp Acl of Pirlininfiit, 
an l»f fiimiln Oar of April I-" 1 1 3 It Tnr t-naiiifrruiii Inslilulf. of ( inula, 

fir il lilliUlUl llli'l'rfiH'l' dial Hit ( ouiml of 'I'M Hpramo. Inslilult 
I 10a niiJrr llir nuiilutin Mil Dr- lams PrrrPr. roiifirins inr rsiaPIUhmrnl ana issiifs iPis rlndrr lo 
iw; - lirmdi if Thr t-miiiitfnua Inslilulr af ( inula is rtiamrr el Ihtiltmiii anilioniuiion 



ST. JOHN BRANCH 



/v # incorporate* 188? 'fy/A 

(Lhr (Uanabian ^'orirtn of (Lioil (niajnmB 



Hi 



IllCrCitS tin- lollounnii lurillhfre al T.lirl nullum Strirlp of ( '.toil Hnojnffri 
naiurlr-t-' T I'ilifUu'ii, A.firap. 0.(1 Kitty. V I mill filuina. (. K Srammtll li. I» l>tntnrllv. 6 Illiai'irlO. 
I{ IMusiimn rt II Wanrluro, BilMrt (i (l)uretfh, t- (\l|iriif.aiii rt I! cwiaiinn imaiir ie mr ( 'awini alihr 
Sorirlr far auiuaruaiian la lam Ihrinsrlrfj una « hum lirnnrli laliifn aulhonir mat annul llirTffK or ihrCianru 
an ihr irinflrrntti oiir if iDnrrli. I '15 . fitio 

vCLlllf rf !1S lilt name of llir sno Sifrirlc «'«» fhanufO Pp Ad of 1'iidinnifiil 
an ihr fififtnili Mr of April. 1. 9175, lo Tint (iiljiilMrilia. Inslilulf af ( onooo. 

I Si' il known IhnT'liUT mm llir (lammi if mm enjinririnj iiwuuir 

af ( Minna, nnilfr ilif fiiiirliliiliou an* Pp- law*. Iirrrpp ronfirnis lh( rsliil'lislinirnl ana \mtt Ihis rharlrt l« tnr 
51 (oliu llriiurh of 'I'hf r-.nfiiiiffrina, lusliliilr al Imiiitu as I'aiOrnrf ol Ilif aiorrsait aulhtri;aiion 



, 



TORONTO BRANCH 

&& m JncotporatcD 188? '#/,) 



/saS.**' ^ncorparmcu loot '*'(/A 

clhr (CaMabiait^flrieto. of £ibil (fiujituvrs 



Ul'llliTfilS Ihr folleu'iiia iWUtoiT* al "Ilif I iuiaJoo.ii iniilr af ( ml t-Minra» iiamtlf- 
Alan (Daraouaall. W.Titnnina; Urarr/Ktrap. ( .Spraall. l.lihmfi iiUjj h i IiI!. : liWIirt.ia'.mu (.lialtraiin 
t-KTrmplr Yi 1! Ciliownt |i If.;, - \\ I rt-imiiat. (^ H Iwiiraa T S II»;kii. (II A liu.tr ana ( i- MttMl li) applp la Ihf 
( tinni af llir SwitIP far auintniaiian lajann lhnn*rlrr? inla a local hranffl, HikIi nnmonli 1 ioa-; oranlco llitrdor hp 
liiCeunril an Ihr rrrona tap ol flPnl.io°0.cinO 

OOlhi'Vi'nc. ihr naihf af llir mi} Soridp imn riiHii<a or Ad af I'arlnimral on 
ihr fifirrnip. Jap ol APtil. Mlf>.lo Thr hnainrmnfi Inslilulf ol (JnnaOB, 

I if ll lUUHnn Ilirn't'iU'f Ihnl Ilif Cauntil if 'I'm- 6iipjii(<riii(i liulilulf 
oIlanDa gain Ihf faiiililulion an) Pr-Uror hfrtPp (Onlinn* Ilif fjlali|i?liiii(nl am Hsiifj iiik rliarlfr w Ihf Toronlo 
lirandi al Till niainfmnp Indilulf al (iiiadi a- fPiOnuf tl Ilif (forfSlia iiilhan.'alian 



VANCOUVER BRANCH 



Sttifi®*^ JncotpotatcD I88f ^tyfrA, 
(The (Taniibian ^'oricto of (Tibil €utjmms 

(JtllltCrfilS Ibffalllsmn mfPWtl al Tnr I anaaiau Sarifir af OiPil 6njinffrj. namrlp 
laiiisHliiiriifMwIiffiiijiiT lihlinlilm l«mr«l ktniirtr lidllaplifH liHliirrp lillWailfin t-tfOiTifl 1 1. Tpllrt DlMlwion 
liai!aaair.F«'(llfln(v I ( I armnall. f f Itoirti lidamhi 'I'niiliTiaft Chisliarara JirlaMI (!Hr1a«ir,S$Mumjif, 
tA Otairal. lira A Kfffrr, ti A ffiiinii.aaa A t lull (it aapif la llir I .aancil tl iht Stiifip fir inlotrplitn It It™ iwiaaf ipm lam a 
Ural triM. hhrt aalliiriii Iras araniri ihrrrltr »r llir (Itunil an Ihr srrfnirfiiili tar tl M.1909 aaa 

Mllll'l'l'il5 Ilif nainr tf Ihf s«i( Sttitlp Ka« manjrt hp fltl if I'arliamrnl an Ihf 

filirfnlhOip af Aaril,1°15. If Thr rin)nnfriiin Inslilulf tl Caiiuta, 

I ii'il kill' Hill IllfrffOff that Ihf Council of mtif (4iipiiircnnit In*hlutr af (lanaaa. 
natrr Ihr rtnsiiiniitn ant np-lnhi*. hrrrhr ranfirnn ihr falaHuhiatni ana mm im» marirr It Ihr Vanioupfr Branca tlir 
Hnainffrinn Inslilulf II Canafia aafviifnrf tl ihr altrrsait auihtri;antn 



t ui^&S 



' 



■ PRESIOENT 
SECRETAfir 



VICTORIA BRANCH 

A^ " JnrorporatcH 188? r/ //,> 



/ /<sA\, , - r jjiirnrparaicu ioo< '*'f/A 

(Ihr (Canadian §'orirto of (Cibil (£nn,incrrs 



fiGll 



lltlTfilS lilt (allaininii iiifinlitrj al Tin Oitiinoiaii sofiflp II ( mil f-iiiiiiifrr; 

H I ' f JinariHIIahnn l| A Iliiullnaif i li'l'app lllM.fuiis MiJiaalif* ( liturt S.lillffimlls.l THiniK Annibin 

•iinllroui HA IWrrrut Tri'iU'r lltanaas hrtlrtr hhllaiwn ft'Sllrrlnrp I IHwr rtilrrO l> hmi ir in) A » 

tDaaur it ihr i aiinfil al nir Stfiflr fn niiiinrriiiion It (inn Ihrarflrfi inla I latnl (randi irmra imhtriii' ipa; jranlfl ihrrrti 

I iar il Hfinnarp I'M'i out 

(H! I 11 i' r i' il 5 llir nnnif af ihf said Sariflp. mas diinpfl »» An ill 'nriiauw m in Ihr 
: i 1 -i I P. la Thr Hii\iiiffnni Inslilulf if C.nnWa, 

1 )i' ll fcUlHllll Ihcrrforf mm Ihr r.«u«ril»l Tl»f Hnflinrrnn(t IiiMitutr *r 4 

indiluliaii an) lu'-iiiti- hrrrlip fonfinni nir reinaiisiirarni aut iasufi ihis rnanrr it llir Victoria Braurii 
t Inflillllf ll ( nulla it rntrnrr tl Ihr alorrjail anlhtriianon 



i:llll:\\ 

llWilIn 

pi trim 



tuaiiii 
of Tnr 



WIN N I PEC BRANCH 

S>& Jnrorpiuatci) 188? ty/A, 

(The Cf anallian^ondD of <iibil (fnajnctTS 

(!C!I llf ff il6 tU filllHinil in(mair« if rntif (lanaaian Stritip af Cinl Hnrjintcrs 
nainrlr-lill llullnn Clillantfr. \ h Srhtnlirr (i ll Itapnf, li fl liomman t-lllDrmil . t; b bamtan. I Itaaiau 
( W barns. H H llrplon-lnrh, ant (1 A iDillirau Oil applr lo Ihf f'aunfil tl ihf Stfitip far aulharijalion la farm 
[hfin»fl»fi una a itral hrnnrii inhirh auihanlr ln« iiranifl imrfltr Pr im (launni en ihr ifnin oap if 
llffi'niPfr. 10 07. IM 

il(! I llf 1" f a 6 Ihr inimr if Ihr sail Sariflp. mas rnaunrt Pp Ad if rarliamrnl 

at ihr tilirmlh oar al April 10l7i.li Thr Hiio,iiiffnn« Inslilulf al (Innrnn 

I \t il bllOWll llli'lTl'liri' ih«i mr Cnuwil of rilnr Hnjinfrnnrj lwiiulr if 
(inata natfi Ihr tinjlilllliin anl Pr-lims hrtrtr tanfirms Ihr rtiahlishnirm ml issurs Ihis marlir ll Ihf flinmprp, 
llranrh tl Thr Hnfiinminp. Insiilulr il canaaa is fnornff ol ihf alorrsno auiherualian 



TPs fA.^-W-xW PRESIDENT 



SECRETARY 



Saskatchewan Branch: Presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem on October 20th, 1924. 
St. John Branch: Presented by Vice-President F. A. Bowman on November 12th, 1924. 
Toronto Branch: To be presented by President Dr. Arthur Surveyer. 
Vancouver Branch: To be presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem. 
Victoria Branch: Presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem on November 5th, 1924. 
Winnipeg Branch: Presented by Vice-President Major Geo. A. Walkem on October 2nd, 1924. 



January, 1925 THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 23 



The Welcome of Montreal 

awaits you at the 

Annual General Meeting 

combined with the 

General Professional Meeting 

Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday 
January, 27th, 28th, and 29th, 1925 

The Headquarters of the General Professional Meeting will be at the Windsor 
Hotel. It is advisable that you make your hotel reservation as early as possible. 

When registering at the Hotel it will be to your advantage 
to advise the Hotel Clerk that you are a member of The 
Engineering Institute of Canada, attending the Annual Meeting. 

A member of the Reception Committee will be at your service. 

The Programme is an Attractive One 

The Professional Sessions are being devoted to Engineering Education, and a Joint 
Session on Winter Construction, with the Association of Canadian Building and 
Construction Industries. 

The Social Events include two Luncheons, a Reception and Dance, and a Smoker. / 

The arrangements are in the hands ' 

of men known to be artists in provid- ' 

ing entertainments. ' 

You are assured of a pleasant and , ^3^ 

profitable time. > **• ^c>y 

In order that the Committee may have an idea of the <§► & <&? 

number attending will you kindly either fill in and mail the ^ C ^V ^ 

corner coupon attached to this page, or mail a card to the , <j> \5> <V 

Secretary advising that you will be attending the meeting. . -cV^ ^*^' ■•'^* 



24 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 

THE JOURNAL OF 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE 

OF CANADA 



Board of Management 

President 

ARTHUR SURVEYER 

Past Presidents 

A. ROSS J. M. R. FAIRBAIRN 

Vice-President 

F. P. SHEARWOOD 

Councillors 

FREDERICK B. BROWN C. M. McKERGOW 



R. 





Editor and Manager 






FRASER S. KEITH 




Assistant Editor and Manager 




N. E. D. SHEPPARD 






ASSOCIATE EDITORS 




F.J AS. BRIDGES . 


Border Cities ROBERT HOGG . . . 


Niagara Falls 


W. ST. J. MILLER 


Calgary F. C. C. LYNCH . . . 


Ottawa 


D. W. J. BROWN . 


Cape Breton W. E. ROSS .... 


Peterborough 


W. R. MOUNT . . 


Edmonton EUGENE ROY ... 


, Quebec 


K.L.DAWSON. . 


Halifax J. W. D. FARRELL . . 


Reglna 


H. B. STUART . . 


Hamilton H. B. PELLETIER . . 


Saguenay 


G. J. SMITH . . 


Kingston W. S. WILSON . . . 


Sault Ste. Marl* 


GEO. P. BROPHY . 


Lakehead W. J. JOHNSTON . . 


St. John 


GEO. S. BROWN . 


Lethbridge L. W. WYNNE-ROBERTS Toronto 


E. A. GRAY . . 


London P. H. BUCHAN . . . 


Vancouver 


M. A. McCABE . . 


Moncton E. P. GIRDWOOD . . 


Victoria 


W. H. ABBOTT 


Montreal JAMES QUAIL . . . 


Winnipeg 



Toronto Representative 

Frank B. Thompson, s.e.i.c, 38 King Street, West, Toronto, Ontario. 



Vol. VIII 



January 1925 



No. 1 



Jfflessage to tfte Jflembers 

In recording another year of Institute activity the 
President and Council desire to thank the members 
of all grades for their sustained and loyal interest in 
Institute affairs. 

During the past year we suffered the loss of our 
President, Walter J. Francis, in whose passing The 
Institute was bereft of one of its brightest minds. 
It is fitting that the services he rendered The Institute 
should be recorded at this time and his memory 
recalled. 

With the adoption of a Code of Ethics and rules 
covering its administration The Institute is pledged 
in an earnest endeavour to maintain the highest 
principles of ethical conduct amongst its members. 
A service to the Dominion as a whole has been rendered 
by the Fuel Committee whose report has been publish- 
ed and whose recommendations are receiving consider- 
ation. The completion of a charter for every branch, 
most of which have been presented, was a notable 
historic event. Pending final financial arrangements, 
plans are practically completed for a bronze war 
memorial and a bronze war record to be erected at 
headquarters, the designs submitted in competition 
being of high artistic merit. 

Indications are in evidence that a year of greater 
industrial progress is coming to the Dominion which 
should affect the engineering profession advantageous- 
ly, and it is the hope of your President and Council 
that the coming year will see every member sharing 
in a greater prosperity and continuing to add to the 
strength and prestige of the engineering profession. 



On to Montreal 

In the December Journal appeared a tentative 
programme of the annual general and professional meet- 
ing to be held in Montreal, January 27th, 28th and 29th. 
The local committees in charge of arrangements have 
matters well in hand and are planning for a record 
attendance. 

It is anticipated that the papers presented at this 
gathering will have an important bearing on the future 
of the profession, and will be of such outstanding interest 
that no one who can possibly attend should miss the 
opportunity. A novel feature being introduced at this 
meeting of a joint session with the Association of Cana- 
dian Building and Construction Industries will not only 
bring the engineer and contractor closer together but 
will also emphasize the dominant position the engineer 
to-day holds in the contracting field. 

It has been decided not to adopt the certificate plan 
of convention tickets on account of the fact that it has 
always been difficult to have sufficient certificates present- 
ed to secure the maximum rebate. As an alternative, 
however, the railways are offering a reduced fare in 
every case where ten or more are coming from the same 
centre, provided they travel together and make the fact 
known at the time tickets are purchased. 

The Montreal group welcome the opportunity of 
providing an interesting programme for their fellow 
engineers and anticipate renewing many friendships of 
former gatherings. 

Becoming Better Acquainted 

Prior to the inauguration of professional meetings 
engineers had little opportunity of becoming acquainted 
with one another except at the annual meeting, and to 
those living at great distances from headquarters it was 
almost nil. The general establishment of branches and 
the adoption of professional meetings have promoted 
acquaintanceship and stimulated friendship so that 
to-day a camaraderie exists that was unknown a genera- 
tion ago. 

Even yet, however, the individual engineer, when 
visiting another centre, usually on business or professional 
duties, is diffident and extremely reluctant to take the 
initiative of getting in touch with his fellow engineers, 
although he may have personal acquaintanceship with 
some at the centre visited. Very often a member of 
The Institute is away from home and in a branch centre 
on the night of a branch meeting but is unaware of that 
fact until he sees the paper the next morning. In order 
that visitors may be informed regarding branch meetings 
some of the branches have adopted a very excellent 
system of posting attractive notices at the desks of the 
local hotels where they may be easily seen. The em- 
ployment of The Institute crest in this connection makes 
it more sure to attract the attention of a visiting member 
of The Institute, and on being informed that he will be 
welcome at the meeting he is apt to take advantage of 
the opportunity. 

Since it is well known that branch secretaries do a 
great deal of work gratuitously and are a tower of strength 
to The Institute, it is not considered reasonable to ask 
them to undertake greater duties than at present, yet in 
this connection branch secretaries can be of great assist- 
ance to other branches by advising the secretary of a 
sister branch at any time where he knows of a contem- 
plated visit on the part of one of his own members to 
that branch centre. 

The average meeting of a branch of The Institute is 
one of the most interesting functions one could possibly 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



25 



attend, and members are assured of the most friendly- 
welcome when they have the good fortune to attend a 
session of another branch. It is hoped that this custom 
will become universal as such visits do much to strengthen 
the bonds of fellowship between the branches and amongst 
the members of the profession. 

Engineering Education and Training 

While it is generally conceded that within another 
generation or so the economic life of the nations of the 
world will be largely dominated by men who have had 
technical training, it is obvious that the advances we are 
to make in developing this country will depend to some 
extent upon the nature of the technical training our 
young men are receiving or will receive in the years to 
come. 

Believing this subject to be of paramount importance 
to the engineering profession and one deserving of the 
greatest attention and consideration by the members of 
The Institute, no matter the branch in which they are 
engaged, it has been decided to set aside an entire day 
at the coming annual meeting for the discussion of this 
subject. Two men holding leading positions in engineer- 
ing education in the Dominion, Dean H. M. MacKay, 
m.e.i.c, of McGill, and Dean C. J. Mackenzie, m.e.i.c, 
of Saskatoon, will present papers, looking at the subject 
from the university viewpoint. In addition, most of the 
engineering colleges will be represented by professors 
who will take part in the discussion. The industrial 
aspect will be given by an engineer from one of the 
largest engineering companies and it is expected that 
the ideas advanced and the suggestions made will have 
an important bearing upon engineering education in this 
country. In addition to the above, arrangements have 
been made with the director of investigations of the 
Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education to 
present a paper bearing upon the general phases of the 
entire situation. H. P. Hammond, associate director of 
investigations of the Society will present the opening 
paper of the series. 

Realizing the importance of this problem the Society 
for the Promotion of Engineering Education in the United 
States has set aside the sum of one hundred and eight 
thousand dollars to be spent during a period of three 
years by a Board of Investigation and Co-ordination, to 
be directed to a study of the subjects of engineering 
education and the fitness of the present day curriculum 
for preparing the student for his profession. 

It is intended to study the process by which the 
curriculum of fifty years ago has come to its present 
form. 

It is intended to organize committees in the faculties 
in as large a number of the engineering colleges as may 
be practicable, who shall co-operate with the committee 
and with the Society for the Promotion of Engineering 
Education in the prosecution of this work. 

A director of investigations has been appointed who 
is devoting all his time to the problem. 

In view of the fact that our engineering educa- 
tional problem in Canada bears considerable similarity 
to that confronting the United States, it would be well 
to glance for a moment at what our neighbours to the 
south are proposing to do in this connection. 

The Committee on Investigation and Co-ordination 
believes it can only function by the closest harmony 
between the various engineering Societies, the universities 
and the United States Bureau of Education. 



In addition to having the various engineering colleges 
appoint local committees of investigation to co-operate 
with the board by undertaking studies relating to the 
student body before entering college, during college, and 
after graduation, it intends appointing a number of 
committees. 

(a) Committees on Professional Subjects. 

(b) Committees on related sciences and English, to 
make a study of the means by which the needs 
of exceptional students may be met in these 
subjects. 

(c) Committee on admission and freshman, correla- 
tion studies based on data supplied by local 
committees on the ground. 

It is also intended that the advisory council of the 
national engineering societies consider what are the 
standards and objectives in engineering education which 
are of concern to the profession at large and undertake 
to formulate its recommendations for the guidance of 
educational effort. 

This advisory committee has the important duty of 
considering: 

(a) The minimum standards which the profession at 
large may properly set for the recognition of any 
institution as a college of engineering, or any 
course of study as an engineering course. 

(b) The common ground work of general studies 
which should underlie the professional training 
of all engineers. 

(c) The common ground work of technological studies 
which should be included in the training of all 
engineers. 

(d) The extent to which specialization is desirable 
and the stage at which it should begin. 

(e) What the profession at large should contribute 
to the field of vocational information and 
guidance. 

(f) The desirable or necessary qualifications of 
engineering teachers. 

(g) The economic and professional status of engin- 
eering teachers. 

(h) Means which should be taken to impress on 
engineering students the nature and ethics of 
professional obligations. 

(i) The extent to which the contacts of professional 
societies with student groups should be unified or 
co-ordinated. 

It is further intended that the joint advisory com- 
mittee of the National Industrial Conference Board and 
the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education 
should continue its study of the nature and magnitude 
of the industrial demand for engineering graduates and 
of the methods by which they may best be introduced 
into industrial life, and that this committee foster the 
development and dissemination of the basic information 
concerning various fields of industrial effort, which would 
assist engineering students in an intelligent choice of 
initial employment. 

It is further proposed to extend the statistical survey 
of the United States Bureau of Education of engineering 
curricula in the United States and to collect information 
regarding the graduates from the several engineering 
courses of all the engineering colleges of the United 
States. 

What does all this expenditure of money and effort 
mean? 

It means simply this — ■ our engineering brethren to 
the south of us have become firmly convinced that there 



26 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



should be closer co-operation between the engineering 
universities and the engineering societies to the end that 
after a thorough study of the situation there may be 
evolved more ideal curricula, and that there may be a 
closer bond of union and community of interest between 
university and engineering bodies. 

This subject is of vital interest to every member of 
the profession and should attract a record attendance on 
January 28th. 



! 



OBITUARY 



i 



Lieut.-Col. Sir Maurice Fitzmaurice, 
M.A., M.Eng., F.R.S., M.E.I.C. 

A distinguished member of the profession in the 
person of Sir Maurice Fitzmaurice, M.E.I.C, passed away 
in London on Monday, November 17th, 1924, after a 
brief illness. 

Maurice Fitzmaurice was born on May 11th, 1861, 
and following his scholastic training he took the course 
in engineering at Dublin University, obtaining the degrees 
of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Engineering. From 
Dublin he went to London to be articled to the late Sir 
(at that time Mr.) Benjamin Baker. He was engaged 
from 1885 to 1888 in the construction of the Forth bridge 
under Mr. Baker and Sir John Fowler. He had the 
responsible charge of the building of the approach rail- 
ways on both sides of the Forth. His next work was on 
Chignecto Ship Railway, and later engaged in making 
designs and estimates for replacing cast iron bridges on 
the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway by steel 
structures. From May 1892 he acted under Sir A. R. 
Binnie as resident engineer during the construction of 
Blackwall Tunnel. On the completion of that work he 
went to Egypt where he was appointed resident engineer 
in charge of Assuan dam, in the building of which 75,000 
tons of cement and 28,000 tons of coal were used, all 
being brought from England. The dam was completed 
in 1902. On returning from Egypt he was appointed 
chief engineer to the London County Council which 
position he occupied for eleven years during which time 
he carried out a large number of notable engineering 
works, his standing in the profession being recognized by 
knighthood during this period. On resigning this posi- 
tion, he entered consulting practice as a member of the 
firm, Messrs. Coode, Fitzmaurice, Wilson and Mitchell, 
which carried on harbour works and construction in many 
parts of the world. 

Sir Maurice occupied many positions of responsibility 
including giving advice to the government of Australia 
on naval harbours and works. During the war he was 
chairman of the War Office Committee on Civilian Labour 
on the London Defences, and a member of the War 
Office Committee on Hutted Camps. He twice visited 
the British front on the continent on questions of drainage. 
During 1918-19 he was chairman of the Nile Projects 
Committee of the Foreign Office; from 1917 to 1919 
chairman of the Canal Control Committee of the Board 
of Trade; and in 1919 chairman of the Treasury Com- 
mittee on Aerodrome Accounts. He was a member of 
the Royal Commission on Fire Prevention, of the Advisory 
Council of the Science Museum from 1915 to 1921, of the 
Advisory Council on Scientific and Industrial Research, 
and of the International Technical Commission, Suez 
canal. He was also Lieut. -Colonel in Command of the 
Engineer and Railway Staff Corps. 



For his work on the Assuan dam, Sir Maurice received 
the Order of the Mejidieh, 2nd Class, in 1901, and was 
created C.M.G. the following year. He held the honorary 
degree of LL.D. of Birmingham University, and had been 
a Fellow of the Royal Society since 1919. He entered 
the Institution of Civil Engineers as a student, became 
an associate member in 1887, was transferred to the class 
of member in 1893, and was President in 1916. His 
presidential address, which dealt in the main with the 
difficulties which had to be overcome by engineers in 
their work, was one of the best of recent years. He 
received for contributions to the Institution's "Proceed- 
ings" the Telford and Watt Medals, a Telford Premium 
and a Miller Prize. He was also a member of the Institu- 
tion of Mechanical Engineers, an honorary fellow of the 
Society of Engineers, an honorary member of the Royal 
Engineers' Institution, and Vice-chairman of the Institute 
of Transport. 

Sir Maurice was well known in Canada having been 
appointed as a member of the commission set up to 
inquire into the collapse of the Quebec Bridge, a phase of 
engineering on which he was a world authority. He 
became a member of The Institute on January 14th,. 
1909, and during the years of his membership took a 
deep interest in the affairs of the profession in this country. 



PERSONALS 



Major G. R. Turner, r.c.e., a.m.e.i.c, has been 
detailed to attend the Staff College, at Quetta, India, 
during the next two years. 

H. M. Lake, jr.E.i.c, who for the past two years 
has been with the Lake Superior Paper Company Limited, 
has been appointed to the staff of the International 
Nickel Company, at Copper Cliff, Ontario. 

J. A. Hehn, jr.E.i.c. is at present in Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ontario. The work on which he has been engaged at 
mile 103, Algoma Central and Hudson Bay Railway, is 
practically complete except track laying and ballasting. 

R. H. B. Cook, s.e.i.c, has beeh appointed draughting 
instructor at the Technical School in London, Ontario. 
Mr. Cook graduated from the University of Toronto 
with the degree of B.A.Sc, in 1922. 

V. R. Currie, s.e.i.c, until recently with the Spanish 
River Pulp and Paper Mills, Limited, at Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont., is engaged in the survey of coal lands for the Dixie 
Construction Company at America, Ala. Mr. Currie 
graduated from Queen's University in civil engineering 
in 1923. 

F. R. Winter, s.e.i.c, has been transferred by the 
Bell Telephone Company of Canada, from London^ 
Ontario, to their Toronto office, where he is division 
equipment superintendent in the plant department. 
Mr. Winter is a graduate of McGill University, having 
received his degree in 1922. 

N. B. Seely, jr.E.i.c, of St. John, N.B., has joined 
the staff of the Condit Electrical Manufacturing Com- 
pany, at South Boston, Mass. Following his gradua- 
tion from the University of New Brunswick in 1920, 
Mr. Seely took the students' engineering course with 
the Canadian General Electric Company at Peterborough, 
Ont. 

Alf. A. Oldfield, a.m.e.i.c, engineer of maintenance 
of way, of the Wisconsin Power and Light Company, 
is located at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. The company 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEER IjNG JOURNAL 



27 



with which Mr. Oldfield was associated has recently 
consolidated several of their power interests in Wisconsin 
under the one name, Wisconsin Power and Light Com- 
pany. 

On the re-organization of the staff of the Niagara 
Falls Park Commission, John H. Jackson, a.m.e.i.c, 
formerly superintendent of the commission, has been 
appointed to the new position of general manager of the 
same, while J. R. Bond, a.m.e.i.c, formerly occupying 
the position of assistant superintendent, has been appoint- 
ed to that of superintending engineer. 

G. M. Ponton, a.m.e.i.c, who for the past four 
years has been in charge of the operations of the Harris 
Oil Corporation Limited, in Oklahoma, Texas and 
Louisiana, has opened an office as consulting mining 
engineer, at Haileybury, Ontario. Mr. Ponton, is a 
graduate of the University of Toronto, in mining engin- 
eering, of the class of 1909, and spent three years previous 
to 1908 in the Northern Ontario district. 

J. B. Hayes, a.m.e.i.c, formerly assistant manager 
of the Jamaica Public Service Company, Kingston, 
Jamaica, B.W.I., has been appointed manager of the 
Fort Madison Electric Company at Fort Madison, Iowa, 
which company is under the management of Stone and 
Webster, Inc. Mr. Hayes received the degree of B.A. 
from Mount Allison University, Sackville, N.B., in 1912; 
B.Sc, from Dalhousie University, Halifax, N.S., in 1913, 
and S.B., in civil engineering from Nova Scotia Technical 
College in 1916. For three years from 1916 he was on 
active service overseas. 

T. S. Scott, m.e.i. c, has tendered his resignation as 
city manager and engineer of Niagara Falls, Ontario, the 
same to take effect before the end of the year. Mr. Scott 
will leave immediately for Florida to take charge of the 
development of a tract of land some twenty-five square 
miles in area. This land, at present swamp and jungle, 
lying south of St. Petersburg, Florida, is to be transformed 
into a number of large estates. The improvement will 
necessitate the building of a sea-wall, roads, houses and 
golf links, and the installation of electric lighting, drainage 
and water systems. Strong representations have been 
made by the Niagara Falls Council to induce Mr. Scott 
to remain in the position where he was so well regarded 
and where he did such good work. At a special meeting 
of the council it was decided to give leave of absence till 
February 1st to Mr. Scott, instead of accepting his resigna- 
tion at once, in the hope that he might reconsider his 
action. Banquets have been given by the municipality 
and other organizations in honour of the retiring manager 
and he has also been the recipient of several presentations. 

Becomes Director General of Surveys 

Official announcement has been made by the Civil 
Service Commission of the appointment of John Davidson 
Craig, b.a., B.Sc., m.e.i. c, d.l.s., to the position of 
Director General of Surveys for Canada, to succeed the 
late Doctor Deville, Hon.M.E.i.c Following twenty-four 
years of employment with the Federal Government this 
appointment comes to Mr. Craig as a recognition of valued 
service rendered and a tribute to his high ability. 

In 1897 Mr. Craig graduated from Queen's University 
with the degree of B.A., and in 1900 with the degree of 
B.Sc. in mining engineering. That year he joined the 
staff of the Surveyor-General at Ottawa, and the following 
year became articled as a Dominion land surveyor receiv- 
ing his commission as D.L.S. in 1902. In 1904 and part 
of 1905 he was inspecting township subdivision contract 
surveys for the Surveyor-General in Manitoba and 
Saskatchewan, being transferred to the International 




J. D. CRAIG, M.E.I.C., 
Director General of Surveys for Canada 

Boundary Surveys staff in April 1905. During that 
season he was Canadian Attache to the American party 
working on the boundary between British Columbia and 
Alaska in the vicinity of the Unuk river, the work com- 
prising triangulation, photo-topography and demarcation 
of the line, and during the season of 1906 was in charge 
of the Canadian party engaged in similar work on the 
line in the vicinity of the Whiting river, Alaska. During 
the following season Mr. Craig was in charge of the 
Canadian party on the Bradfield canal and river, Alaska, 
and during the season of 1908 was in charge of the 
Canadian party on the Iskoot river, Alaska, during the 
winter seasons being engaged on the reduction of field 
notes and their computation, and on the mapping, photo- 
topographically, of various sections of the line between 
British Columbia and Alaska. From 1909 to 1913 he 
was in charge for Canada, of the survey of the 141st 
Meridian, the boundary between Alaska and the Yukon. 
From 1914 to 1917 he was assistant superintendent, 
Geodetic Survey of Canada, making various inspection 
trips for the Boundary Commissioner, and doing triangula- 
tion along the Quebec- Vermont and the Quebec-New York 
boundaries. In 1918 he was appointed engineer to the 
International Boundary Commission, to which duties 
were later added that of being advisory engineer to the 
Northwest Territories Branch of the Department of the 
Interior. In 1922 Mr. Craig was given an important 
position as officer in charge of the Arctic Expedition 
which he handled in a highly credible manner. 

As engineer to the Boundary Commission, which 
position he occupied at the time of his present appoint- 
ment, Mr. Craig has had a varied technical and diplomatic 
experience, his work at all times calling forth expressions 
of high appreciation from his Deputy and the chairman 
of the Commission. 

Mr. Craig was elected an Associate Member of The 
Institute in 1910, and became a Member in 1919. Besides 
his proven ability and technical knowledge Mr. Craig 
possesses a pleasing personality and these qualifications 
combined with his well known tact and sound judgment 
ensure for him a high measure of success in the new 
position with which he has been honoured. 



28 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 




J. B. STRAUSS, M.E.I.C. 

J. B. Strauss, m.e.i.c, whose appointment [tojthe 
Joint Association of Designing and Consulting Engineers 
for the proposed South Shore Bridge, Montreal, was 
announced in last month's Journal. 



Professional Engineers of B. C. Hold Annual Meeting 

On December sixth, nineteen twenty-four, the Association of 
Professional Engineers of the Province of British Columbia, held its 
fifth annual conference at the Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B.C. The 
meeting was presided over by President E. E. Brydone-Jack, M.E.I.C, 
and the opening address was one of welcome to visiting members by 
Mayor W. R. Owen of Vancouver, who in the course of his remarks 
stressed the value of the engineering profession to the community and 
spoke in high praise of the excellent results which have followed the 
policy adopted by the Vancouver city council regarding the relations 
with its engineering department through which an effort has been 
made to give the city engineer a free hand and full responsibility. 

In his presidential address, Mr. Brydone-Jack reviewed the 
activities of the association during the past year, and referred briefly 
to the important part played by the engineer in the life of the com- 
munity, expressing his gratification at the number of engineers who 
were now appearing in the federal and provincial parliaments and 
municipal councils as well as public commissions and other bodies 
having to do with the affairs of communities. In continuing he dealt 
with the opportunities for men with engineering training, emphasizing 
that such training fitted men for positions of responsibility in industrial 
and commercial life as well as in pure engineering. 

At the conclusion of President Brydone-Jack 's address the secretary 
gave a most interesting outline of the activities of the association as 
affecting the welfare of the profession. Mr. Wheatley's address was 
followed by an interesting discussion. 

Luncheon Session 

At the conclusion of the morning session of the conference, a 
luncheon was attended by 193 local and visiting members in the banquet 
room of the hotel Vancouver, at which a number of guests of the asso- 
ciation were entertained, including President Klinck of the University 
of British Columbia, Dean Brock, M.E.I.C., Mayor Owen of Vancouver, 
Col. G. H. Kirkpatrick, chairman of the Harbour Commission, F. P. 
Shearwood, m.e.i.c, chief engineer of the Dominion Bridge Company, 
J. K. Macrae, president of the Board of Trade, and Capt. Ian 
Mackenzie, m.l.a. 

Engineering Education 

Following the luncheon, President Klinck addressed the gathering, 
taking for his subject "Engineering Education". President Klinck's 
address was a most interesting account of the efforts being made by 
the Faculty of the University of British Columbia to develop a system 
of engineering education that will meet the changing requirements of 
this country. 



Afternoon Session 

At the opening of the afternoon session of the conference, Capt. 
Ian Mackenzie, m.l.a., gave a most inspiring address which he entitled 
"The Engineer and the Dreamer". 

In the course of his address, Capt. Mackenzie dealt particularly 
with the moral characteristics that must go with the engineer's profes- 
sional knowledge if he is to be successful to the community, as well 
as successful in his own practice; and after an eloquent description 
of the trials and difficulties through which many of the earlier engineers 
passed and the great strength of character and knowledge of human 
nature that grew out of these early trials, he gave as the keynote 
of his address, the statement that the engineer is "The dreamer whose 
dreams come true". 

President Brydone-Jack voiced the thanks of the meeting for 
Capt. Mackenzie's address and then proceeded to the business of the 
afternoon session, which consisted of discussions arising out of the 
minutes of the last annual meeting, and the appointment of a Nominat- 
ing Committee for the ensuing year. 

Election of Officers 
At the close of this meeting the report of the scrutineers was 
received and the announcement made that the elected members of the 
incoming Council will be: 

President: Patrick Philip, M.E.I.C, deputy minister and chief 
engineer, Department of Public Works, Government of B.C., 
Victoria, B.C. 
Vice-President: Frank Sawford, A.S.M.E., a.i.e.e., consulting 

engineer, Vancouver, B.C. 
Councillors: 

A. S. Wootton, A.M.inst.CE., m.e.i.c, chief engineer Park 

Board, Vancouver, B.C. 
G. S. Eldridge, b.Sc.a.m.e.i.c, president of Eldridge & Co., 

Vancouver, B.C. 
J. F. Frew, m.e.i.c, A.M.inst.CE., consulting engineer, Van- 
couver, B.C. 
G. M. Tripp, a.m.e.i.c, general superintendent, British 
Columbia Electric Railway Company, Victoria, B.C. 



ELECTIONS AND TRANSFERS 



At the meeting of Council held on December 23rd, 
1924, the following students were admitted: — 

ANTERBRING, Clarence V., 27 Atlantic Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
BURROWS, John Arthur, 33 Lenore Street, Winnipeg, Man. 
CARRY, Charles William, 79 Hart Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
COLLCUTT, Sydney Ray, 1549 Barclay Avenue, Vancouver, B.C. 
CREASE, Charles Edward, P.O. Box 435, Amherst, N.S. 
EGGERTSON, Eggert Grettir, 766 Victor Street, Winnipeg, Man. 
GAUER, Edward, 275 Evanson Street, Winnipeg, Man. 
GILMOUR, William A. T., 811 University Street, Montreal, Que. 
HAGBORG, Helmer V., 783 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
HERSCOVITCH, Charles, 1088 St. Urbain Street, Montreal, Que. 
KELLETT, James Edward, 407 Lipton Street, Winnipeg, Man. 
KENNEDY, James Mitchell, 421 Graham Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
KENNEDY, Leslie John, Sifton, Man. 

LEWIS, Wilfrid Jamieson, 379 Wardlaw Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
MACKAY, Leslie, 296 Yale Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
MACKINNON, William Duncan, 211 University Avenue, King- 
ston, Ont. 

MCMILLAN, Hugh, 128 Walnut Street, Winnipeg, Man. 
McNEIL, John, 109 Luxton Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
O'DAY, Martin F., 971 McMillan Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
PAUL, Banbihari B., Moulmein, Burma. 
PAYNE, Harold, 499 Walker Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
STEEVES, Samuel Merritt, 402 Lipton Street, Winnipeg, Man. 
SUMNER, Joshua, 311 Chalmers Avenue, Winnipeg, Man. 
VAN VLIET, Wilbur D., 77 Kingston Row, St. Vital, Man. 
TREBLE, Harold Edison, Crvstal City, Man. 
WARKENTIN, Cornelius P., 287 Young Street, Winnipeg, Man. 
WHITEHEAD, J. Gordon, 794 Shuter Street, Montreal, Que. 
YOUNG, William Richard, 348 Manderville Street, St. James, Man. 

Metallurgy of Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys 

By Robert J. Anderson, B.Sc, Met.E. 
A modern and practical treatise on the metallurgy of aluminium 
and its light alloys, covering the subject from the mining of the ores 
to the fabrication of the metal, and applications thereto has been 
prepared by Robert J. Anderson, b.Sc, Met.E., consulting metallurgical 
engineer, and formerly metallurgical engineer of the United States 
Bureau of Mines. This volume is being published by Henry Carey 
Baird and Company, Inc., 2 West 45th Street, New York, and will 
be shortly ready for distribution. As there has not been published 
any up-to-date work dealing with aluminium metallurgy this book 
has been specially prepared to fill the need for such a treatise. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



29 



Message from Rensselaer's President 

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 
Troy, N.Y., December 2nd, 1924 

Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, Esq., 

Sec'y, The Engineering Institute of Canada, 

176 Mansfield Street, 

Montreal, Canada. 

Dear Mr. Keith: 

I have your very courteous letter of November 24th. 

Will you kindly convey to the Council of The Engin- 
eering Institute of Canada my sincere appreciation of their 
courtesy. We were only too glad to confer the degree of 
Doctor of Engineering upon Mr. Surveyer. We did 
intend it as a recognition of the services to the profession 
of the many great engineers who are members of your 
Institute, as well as a compliment to your President, 
whose remarkable ability and professional attainments 
were well known to us. We feel it to be a great honour to 
have such a man connected in this manner with this 
institution. 

Very sincerely yours, 

Palmer C. Ricketts. 



The fact is emphasized that very often the cost of service can be 
lessened by combining the heating plant with a steam electric generat- 
ing or an industrial plant. Even in the most efficient steam engines 
and steam turbine generations only 15 per cent of heat in the steam 
is utilized for power production and by combining the two plants the 
other 75 per cent can be utilized for heating. Illustrative of such a 
combination is the district heating plant at North Battleford, Saskat- 
chewan, where use is made of the exhaust steam from the municipally- 
owned steam electric generating system. 

The report states that the benefits to be derived by consumers 
are not so much in cost as in greatly increased value of service as 
respects convenience, cleanliness and relief from handling ashes. A 
great deal depends, it is pointed out, on the costs of fuel available but 
under ordinary conditions it has been generally established that to 
give the heating company a reasonable return, a rate must be charged 
for dwellings in excess of the cost of fuel for individual heating. 

In the course of the investigation examinations were made of 15 
district heating plants in the northern United States and the two 
operating in Canada, of which full descriptions are given in the report. 
Central Heating plants such as those used in Toronto and Queen's 
University are also described. Some very interesting facts have been 
brought out by the enquiry. For example, it is stated that despite 
its hydro-electric power development the province of Ontario consumes 
60 per cent of the coal requirements of the whole Dominion. Another 
curious fact is that in spite of the difference in temperature, the coal 
consumption for heating buildings in Canada is slightly less than in 
the northern United States. In fact in the heating of dwellings it is 
very appreciably less. This, it is pointed out, is due to better building 
construction and the use of double windows in Canada, to the greater 
use of hot water radiation and to the fact that Canadians are used 
to lower indoor temperatures than are the people of the northern 
States. 



THE TRUSTEES AND FACULTY 

OF 

RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 

GRATEFULLY ACKNOWLEDGE 

THE COURTEOUS MESSAGE OF CONGRATULATION 

OF 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CANADA 
I HON 1 lir OCCASION OF DIE 

HUNDREDTH ANNIVERSARY 

OF THE 

IOI NDATION OF THE INSTITUTE 



EMPLOYMENT BUREAU 



CoL^^2/2w£, 



Presideni 



Tkov, New York. U. S. A.. 
October 10. 1924 



Economy in Central and District Heating Lies 
in Burning Low-Grade Fuels 

That central and district heating has shown economies and that 
such systems may and will be adopted to an increasing extent in Canada 
is the conclusion reached by the Dominion Fuel Board in its report 
of an investigation just issued. The inquiry, which was conducted 
by F. A. Combe, m.e.i.c, is in furtherance of the board's policy to 
encourage the displacement of foreign fuels by those produced in 
Canada. 

One of the essentials to success in district heating, the report 
points out, is density of load and for this reason it cannot be success- 
fully adopted in towns of less than 4,000 population, and if other 
conditions are not favourable, the minimum population for economic 
operation is placed at 10,000. 

Advantages to be gained in addition to the saving effected by the 
substitution of low-grade fuels and refuse are elimination of the smoke 
nuisance, absence of dust and dirt, reduced fire risk, ease of regulation, 
uniformity of temperature, relief of street traffic from coal and ash 
traffic, and appreciation in value of property. 



Situations Vacant 

Electrical Engineer 

Electrical engineer with good technical training and about eight 
years' experience in electrical light power and railway public utility 
work. Location large city in Brazil. In applying please give full 
particulars regarding self and experience, stating also salary desired 
and when available. Apply box No. 124-V. 

Electrical Engineer 

Electrical engineer, college graduate about ten years' experience 
in general public utility work desired by company operating foreign 
electric light power and railway utilities. Apply by letter stating full 
particulars of experience, when available and salary desired. Location 
Toronto, Canada. Apply box No. 125-V. 

Agents 

Engineering firm with headquarters in Montreal desires to appoint 
sub-agents to cover Canada and Newfoundland from capitals of each 
province, in machinery and steam specialty lines. Commission basis 
only. Apply box No. 126-V. 

Situations Wanted 

Graduate of 1923, B.A. University of Montreal; B.Sc. McGill 
University; 27 years of age; married. Underground construction 
experience, also in organic chemistry and draughting, speaks English 
and French fluently. Locality preferred Montreal. Apply box 
No. 163-W. 

Draughtsman 

Draughtsman with twelve years' experience on mechanical and 
structural work, also shop and field experience, desires position. Loca- 
tion immaterial. Apply box No. 164-W. 

Electrical Engineer 

Graduate of the University of Toronto. Three summers on 
location, supervision of construction and inspection of highways. 
One summer on railway and transmission line construction. Overseas 
with R.A.F. Will go anywhere and commence immediately. Apply 
box No. 165-W. 

Members' Exchange 

One Brunton pocket transit with leather case and one seven- 
inch Abney hand level with leather case. Both new models and 
in perfect condition. Price $50.00 for the two. Inspection invited. 
Aoply box No. 10-E. 



30 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Abstracts of Papers read before the Branches 



The Hudson Bay Route 

Lieut.-Col. A. C. Garner, M.E.I. C. 
Saskatchewan Branch, December 11th, 1924. 

Col. Gamer said that in the preparation of his paper he had 
confined himself strictly to the following sources: official reports of 
the federal government, conversations with men that had been over 
the ground and papers written by outstanding engineers. The findings 
of the Senate Committee in 1920 relating to this subject are: 

(1) "That the Hudson Bay route is feasible and will probably 
in time be profitable. 

(2) "That the season of navigation under present conditions 
is at least four months in length and may by reason of improve- 
ments in aids to navigation be considerably increased. 

(3) "That in the opinion of this Committee sufficient care 
was not taken in the selection of Nelson as the terminus of the 
railway, and that the government should not make further im- 
portant expenditures upon this port without first making a new 
and thorough examination into the relative merits of Churchill 
and Nelson as a terminus for the railroad. 

(4) "That the waters of the strait and rivers tributary to 
the bay teem with fish and valuable marine animals, and we 
believe that the bay is equally well stocked but there has not yet 
been sufficient data collected as to the extent of the fisheries of 
the bay to enable an authoritative statement to be made as to 
their value. 

(5) "That the mines already discovered in the Hudson Bay 
district are of sufficient number and richness to indicate the exist- 
ence of great potential mineral wealth." 

Railway and Terminals 

In 1907 the Department of Railways had its engineers consider 
this question and also sent boats into the Bay to investigate conditions. 

In 1908 John Armstrong, c.E., made location surveys from The Pas 
to the Bay, one going direct to Port Nelson, the other branched off at 
Split Lake and went to Port Churchill. The line to Churchill is the 
longer by 75 miles and was estimated to cost $3,000,000.00 more than 
the Nelson line. The route to Nelson was decided upon in 1912 and 
construction carried on intermittently until 1918. Steel is laid to 
within 92 miles of Nelson and all the large bridges are built. Expenses 
to March 31st, 1919, are: railway 14H> million dollars; terminal 6J£ 
million dollars. It is estimated that 6 million dollars for the railway 
and 19 million for the terminals are required for completion. The 
total cost of the scheme is not unreasonable considering its vastness 
and the benefits to be derived. Facing the facts, why the delay? 
Col. Garner then related facts connected with the scheme in the '80's 
for a railway from Winnipeg to Hudson's bay. 

Harbours 

The only harbour is Churchill which is land locked with good 
anchorage, deep water, but limited capacity. Nelson is an open 
roadstead and exposed, requiring artificial development and continuous 
maintenance. The chief engineer, department of railways gave his 
opinion that in four years Nelson could be made ready to handle 15 
million bushels but that the steel should be completed first. Men 
known to the speaker who have examined both harbours, are strongly 
in favour of Churchill and state that the route to Churchill passes 
through a better country than the route to Nelson. It therefore 
appears to be a great pity that Churchill was not chosen at the outset 
and although with limited harbour capacity, the route might already 
be in operation and demonstrating its usefulness. 

Bay and Straits 

Col. Garner gave a brief historical sketch of navigation in the bay, 
commencing with the discovery in 1610 by Henry Hudson. The safe 
period for navigation by ordinary ships, according to the average of 
27 expert opinions, appears to be from the middle of July to the 
middle of November — a period of four months. In 250 years some 
750 ships have entered the Straits and only two been lost. In 1914, 
38 were sent in and suffered no serious loss. It is therefore a reasonable 
conclusion that the route is safe and practical. Recent improvements in 
wireless, ice detectors, etc., would likely increase the safety and lengthen 
the period of navigation. A great deal more investigation and study 
needs to be given to this portion of the scheme, in connection with 
wireless and meteorological stations, light houses, charts, etc. 

Transportation 

For the present the route is considered chiefly as an outlet for 
wheat and cattle. Incidental thereto will be the development of a 
territory rich in minerals, fish, furs, and water powers, and the entry 
at cheaper rates of goods from the Atlantic seaboard and Europe. 



i 

The speaker made an accurate comparison of the distance Regina- 
Liverpool via Nelson, and via Montreal, showing a saving via Nelson 
of 759 miles. Roughly, the distance Regina and Nelson is the same 
as Regina-Fort William, and Nelson-Liverpool the same as Montreal- 
Liverpool. The saving is therefore approximately equivalent to the 
distance Fort William-Montreal. The cost of transportation only on 
a bushel of wheat from Regina to Liverpool via lake and rail is 32^ 
cents. If the same rates per mile hold for the Nelson route, the cost 
will be 21 cents, or a saving of 11 % cents per bushel. Owing to limited 
capacity of the route, the effect of Pacific shipments and other factors, 
Col. Garner thought it not reasonable to expect a cheaper rate than 
the present 32 y 2 cents rate for the first few years at least. The speaker 
wished to dispel any public delusion that if the money were voted at 
the present sitting of parliament, grain could be shipped next fall at 
a saving of at least 10 cents per bushel. To avoid disappointment 
the following facts have to be faced: An allowance of five years to 
complete the scheme and a rate at first of not lower than 32 J^ cents 
or 30 cents per bushel. 

Deductions 

Deductions or review of the foregoing are: 

(1) The Special Committee of the Senate after a careful and 
exhaustive enquiry state "The Hudson Bay Route is not only feasible 
but will ultimately prove profitable". 

(2) The railway to Nelson is mainly completed, in all 322 miles 
of steel has been laid, all the large bridges are built, there is only 92 
miles of steel to lay on a grade already built. The outside cost to 
complete is only 6 million dollars. 

(3) Nelson harbour has been partly developed, some 6 million 
dollars having been spent. There appears to be no reason why remaind- 
er of this part of the scheme cannot be completed at the estimated 
cost of 25 million dollars, leaving 19 million to effect cost of completion. 

(4) Navigation of bay and straits has been proven as both safe 
and practical for at least a period of four months, which period with 
the help of aids and experience may be appreciably lengthened. 

(5) That the maximum cost of transportation of grain per bushel 
should not exceed 35 cents Regina-Liverpool for the first few years. 

(6) That opening up of new territory and development of natural 
resources, the greater use of commodities by this route, the added zeal 
to trade and commerce, are all very material factors to be considered 
and undoubtedly the Dominion as a whole would benefit by this route. 

Col. Garner concluded his paper with the following recommenda- 
tions: 

(1) That the necessary money be voted to complete the 
scheme and that the work be pushed forward till completed. 

(2) That meanwhile intensive or close examination be made 
of those features of the scheme not yet fully covered. 

In connection with his paper Col. Garner exhibited a very com- 
plete set of maps. 

Sodium Silicate and its Industrial Applications 

E. T. Sterne, B.Sc, 
Ottawa Branch, November 26th, 1924. 

Mr. Sterne was particularly well fitted to speak on this subject. 
He is a graduate of Queen's University in chemistry and mineralogy 
and lectured in chemistry at Queen's, also assisting in extensive research 
work for two years after graduation. He is now chemical director and 
a member of the firm of G. F. Sterne and Sons, Brantford, Ont., who 
are sole Canadian agents for sodium silicate in Canada. 

Mr. Sterne's lecture, which was illustrated by a series of excellent 
slides, covered the subject in a very comprehensive manner, and left 
all those, who were fortunate enough to attend, with a clear concep- 
tion of the present and future status of sodium silicate in Canadian 
industry. 

According to Mr. Sterne sodium silicate as used in commerce is a 
syrupy semi-transparent liquid manufactured in 18 grades, varying 
in consistency from 42 to 60 degrees Beaume. Two methods of manu- 
facture are known, namely the fusion and the solution process, the 
former being in general use. This method involves the use of silica 
sand and soda ash which are mixed and melted together in a furnace, 
the molten product being cast into small slabs. These slabs are then 
treated with water and other chemicals in large dissolvers, and silicate 
of the required consistency produced. The proportion of alkali to 
silica content, known as the silicate degree is confined to certain limits 
which were clearly defined. Beyond the one limit, which is one of 
alkali to four of silica the resultant silicates formed are soluble with 
extreme difficulty, while crystalline products are formed when the other 
limit of two parts alkali to three of silica is exceeded. Mr. Sterne 
pointed out the very interesting fact that sodium silicate is readily 
soluble in small quantities of water but dissolves with difficulty in 
larger amounts. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



31 



The most important ingredient of sodium silicate which is silica 
sand, must be entirely free from alkaline earths and impurities. The 
largest and best known deposit on this continent is found in the State 
of Illinois, which, together with some Belgium ballast sand, supplies 
the requirements of the silicate manufacturers. This sand must 
receive a very elaborate treatment prior to use, involving washing, 
grinding and screening. The soda ash used is of the ordinary type 
supplied by chemical plants. 

Mr. Sterne stated that 85 per cent of the sodium silicate produced 
is used in the manufacture of soap and corrugated paper boxes. It is 
an important ingredient of most laundry soaps, some of which contain 
up to 20 per cent of this substance. In the production of corrugated 
paper boxes and fibre board, it is used to glue the various layers together 
and also finds considerable employment as a mineral glue in sealing 
packages and making paper barrels. Mixed with casein it forms a 
binder for the manufacture of ply-woods and veneers. Recently it 
has come into considerable prominence in paper manufacture, for 
newsprint, kraft and grease-proof papers. A thin solution of sodium 
silicate applied to concrete surfaces after setting gives a much denser, 
better wearing concrete, which is very nearly impervious to moisture. 
Sodium silicate is also used to a considerable extent in the manufacture 
of silica gel, acid proof cements, carborundum wheels, boiler feed water 
softeners, and is also employed in the sizing of barrels and for egg 
preservation. The interesting fact was pointed out that vermin and 
insects will not attack substances impregnated with sodium silicate. 

Mr. Sterne stated that the present consumption of sodium silicate 
in Canada is about 18,000,000 pounds. As the economic production 
of a plant, manufacturing this commodity, requires an output of at 
least 50,000,000 pounds per year, it may be seen that it will not be 
feasible to manufacture sodium silicate in Canada for a considerable 
period. 

v Northern Ontario 
Hon. Chas. McCrae, 
Niagara Peninsula Branch, December 9th, 1924. 

Mr. McCrae, speaking of Northern Ontario, said that a broader 
and bigger vision was needed; a better appreciation of what lies in 
store for Northern Ontario, when mining shall have reached the posi- 
tion of importance to which it belongs. Canada is now emerging from 
a period of depression of world-wide extent. Among other factors 
behind this condition may be mentioned lack of buying power through 
greatly reduced agricultural production. The value of field crops in 
Ontario in 1919 of 397 million dollars had dropped to 219 million in 
1923. This year a crop of 249 million has been produced. The other 
provinces throughout the country have had similar fortune. This 
year shows increased receipts. The worst is over. This factor is 
not controllable and affects all lines of industry. 

Another factor is government policy. Tariff should be designed 
to assist Canadians primarily. Moreover, the impetus that the pro- 
vincial government can give to industry by developing such a policy 
as will afford opportunity to exploit the mineral resources, is of great 
importance, affecting the volume of trade and business in allied and 
independent lines. The present government of Ontario, realizing the 
importance of an influx of capital to develop the mines, sent him to 
London. He came back elated at the good prospects of securing 
this capital. 

Referring to a map of Ontario, which hung beside him, the speaker 
showed how the northern section was developing along the lines of 
railways, of which there are in the north 3,500 miles. The land lying 
along the north shores of the upper lakes, along the line of the C.P.R., 
was at one time said to be desert. The differences between the East 
and the West were largely caused by this extensive unproductive area. 
Now that its mineral possibilities are beginning to be realized, it is 
becoming rather a connecting link between the two regions. 

The Pre-Cambrian rock area of Canada, of which the above forms 
a part, may be judged for its mineral possibilities, by results obtained 
in this formation in other parts of the world. Mining is being success- 
fully carried on in similar rock to a depth of 6,000 feet in South Africa, 
of 6,700 feet in South America, of 6,000 feet in India, and also to great 
depths in the Black Hills of Dacotah and in British Columbia. The 
speaker prophesied that, in the period just opening, the immense 
extent of the Pre-Cambrian in Canada will make this country the 
most important mineral producer in the world. The Duke of Devon- 
shire, speaking of these possibilities, before a London gathering, declared 
that the importance of this, not only to Canada but to the British 
Empire, must be measured not in years but in centuries. 

The object of the London trip was to tell the English investor 
what Northern Ontario has to offer, and what is the government's 
policy towards capital. In making this appeal to capital, it was 
necessary to show what was the performance of the mines, and to 
undertake to treat fairly capital which responded to the welcome. 
Capital is entitled to know conditions and to get a fair run for its 
money. 



The present mining laws in Ontario are the fairest in the world. 
(The speaker here disclaimed credit for them.) Taxes are levied on 
mining companies only when they win, never when they lose. The 
tax is so graded that the greater the profit the higher is the percentage 
tax. In 1923, of all the money invested in the mining industry in 
Ontario, English capital was only represented by a scant 3 per cent. 
The prospects of this condition soon being changed were very bright. 

Mining in this province is assuming large proportions. In 1911, 
$50,000. in gold was produced in Ontario. The year 1924 will see 
produced some $25,000,000. in gold. Since Cobalt was tapped in 
1902, the silver mines of the province have averaged a daily produc- 
tion of two tons of the white metal. The early owners of the Hollinger 
were told that they had no chance of finding gold. English textbooks 
claimed that there was no gold in their formations. Since then the 
Porcupine region has become one of tremendous wealth. The Hollinger 
is said to have ore proved up to a value of $15,000,000. for every hundred 
feet of depth. This will probably extend to a depth of 6,000 feet 
or more. Kirkland Lake boasts some of the richest ore in the world, 
mill-heads at the Lake Shore mine running as high as $20. to $30. 
to the ton. 

It is likely that in the course of time there will extend all across 
Northern Ontario, from Quebec to Manitoba, innumerable mines, 
supporting towns, villages and hamlets; a large population forming 
a market for all varieties of manufactures. "We are entering a big 
era of prosperity. Can we not, like the U.S.A., attract population 
to our "Gold Coast" ? We must tell the world what we have to offer. 
The prospector yearns for capital. This capital must be secured." 

"Mountaineering 

Capt. H. Westmorland, 
Kingston Branch, November 19th, 1924. 

Mountaineering as a sport is of comparatively recent date, perhaps 
the first recorded ascent from this angle being that of Mont Aiguille 
in 1492, when Charles VIII, of France, commanded his chamberlain 
to make the ascent, which he did with much paraphernalia, staying 
on the summit for a week. In 1739, Titlis was climbed by a monk — 
the first true snow peak. The summit of Mont Blanc was attained 
for the first time in 1786, by Dr. Michel Paccard and the guide Jacques 
Balmat. Systematic mountaineering is usually dated from Sir Alfred 
Wills' ascent of the Wetterhom in 1854. The Alpine Club (England) 
was formed in the winter of 1857-58, and the Alpine Club of Canada 
in 1883. 

In Canada first ascents were made in the latter part of the last 
century and still continue. Mount Sir Donald was climbed in 1890, 
Mount Robson in 1913, Mount Assiniboine in 1920 and Mount Geike 
in 1924. An expedition is to be sent by the Alpine Club of Canada 
to attempt the first ascent of Mount Logan (19,850 feet), the highest 
mountain in Canada and the second highest on the North American 
continent, in the spring of 1925. This expedition will be under the 
joint leadership of Messrs. Lambart and MacCarthy, and is estimated 
to cost some $11,000, over three-quarters of which is already raised. 

The sport of mountaineering is much misunderstood by the lay 
mind and generally held to be foolhardy. Grave risks may be incurred 
by the neglect of necessary precautions but these risks may be reduced 
to a reasonable point by the combination of skill, knowledge and good 
physical condition. 

There are two unavoidable dangers, — falling stones, and sudden 
storms. The places where ice may fall or an avalanche of snow occur 
can be determined beforehand by a careful study of conditions. The 
avoidable dangers are, — lack of condition, bad guiding, and slips on 
rock, ice or snow. 

There are two sides to the art, rockclimbing and snowcraft, and 
a thorough skill and knowledge of both of these are required by the 
successful mountaineer. In rock work cracks, chimneys, gullies, 
couloirs, arretes, buttresses, etc., are met with and either used or 
surmounted, and in snow or ice there are glaciers (dry and wet), 
bergschrunds, crevasses, seracs, steep slopes up to 60 degrees, avalan- 
chey snow, etc., to be encountered. 

The equipment is comparatively simple, the main items being the 
Alpine rope, the ice-axe and properly hob nailed boots. Various kinds 
of rope are used of a breaking strength of approximately 2,240 pounds. 
It should hold a 170 pound man falling a distance of 12 feet. Four 
rules must be invariably be observed in using the rope: It must be 
always kept taut with the slack carefully taken up and yet must not 
be pulled to upset the man following behind. It must never be jerked. 
It must not be allowed to catch on projections. Care must be taken 
to see that the rope does not dislodge loose stones to fall on those 
following behind. 

The ice-axe is used for cutting steps in ice or snow, in glissading, 
in maintaining the balance on steep slopes, and should be held on the 
high side of the climber not on the low as the amateur is prone to use it. 

Excellent rock climbing is to be had in the English Lake district 
which is a very beautiful hill and dale country with many steep rock 
faces up to 600 feet in height. One lady who had just had her first 
climb in a roped party could not find words to express her idea of the 



32 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



steepness and when a bystander suggested 90 degrees, she replied : 
"Oh no, it was much steeper than that, it must have been 180 degrees 
at least". Many of the climbs in this district hold rock work as difficult 
as to be found anywhere. 

In the Alps there are many hundreds of very fine mountains, where, 
in contrast to the English mountains, much snow and ice is met with. 

The Rocky mountains have the charm of freshness and seclusion 
and, far different from those of Europe, even the valleys are to a great 
extent untouched by the marring hand of man. The district of the 
Robson amphitheatre is undoubtedly one of the most superb in Canada, 
if not in the world, with the beautiful Emperor falls, Berg lake covered 
with numerous icebergs which fall from the Tumbling glacier, the 
supporting mountains Resplendent and Whitehom, snow and glacier 
covered all the year round, and crowning all, the great monarch Robson, 
13,000 feet high, with its mighty peak concealed by the clouds most 
of the time, but when clear, presenting a view indeed wonderful and 
never to be forgotten. 

It is difficult to describe the actual charm of mountaineering. 
Someone has said, "Mountaineering has an indescribable charm which 
appeals to certain natures". This limit no doubt applies to the actual 
climbing but the wonderful works of nature encountered and the 
magnificent scenery to be viewed would almost warrant the substitution 
of "all" for "certain". 



v 



Steam Standby Plant of the City of Winnipeg 
Hydro-Electric System 



Abstract of paper for which D. S. Young was awarded the first prize 
as the best students' paper in the electrical section. — Winnipeg Branch. 

The purpose of the steam standby plant was to provide assurance 
of continuous service to city power users; to electrify, at a saving in 
operating costs of over $50,000. per year, the city high pressure plant; 
and to take care of peak loads, which are expected to increase the 
load beyond the present installed capacity of the Point du Bois plant 
of the city of Winnipeg. 

The thought that the standby plant might be combined with the 
central steam heating plant was developed and the construction of a 
combination plant was the result. The incorporation of the central 
steam heating idea meaning the saving of fixed charges of some hundreds 
of thousands dollars yearly, and the utilizing of off-peak power for the 
generation of steam were economies that recommended the steam 
heating plant. 

The use of pulverized coal, — eventually pulverized western 
Canadian lignite, — also recommended the central steam heating 
plant. 

The whole plant has been laid out with future extensions in mind 
Additional turbines will soon be necessary for the emergency and 
relay service to which this standby plant is to be put. It is intended 
that future installation will be of larger units than those originally 
installed. Additional boilers will be necessary to carry the increased 
turbine load and also the increased steam heating load. 

It may be noted that the steam standby plant is the third of its 
kind in Canada using pulverized coal as a fuel and also that it has 
the second largest boiler unit installation of its kind in Canada. 

v Mechanical Grain Car Unloaders 

Abstract of paper for which Wm. G. Reekie was awarded the 

second prize as Ike second best students' paper in the 

electrical section.— Winnipeg Branch. 

Although grain has been transported and unloaded in car lots 
on this continent for the past fifty years, it is only during the last ten 
years that a mechanical device for tipping and emptying grain cars 
has come into use. Of all the large terminal elevators in Canada only 
that of the Canadian National Railways in Port Arthur and that of 
the Dominion Government at Edmonton are equipped with this latest 
type of unloader. 

The first cost of the unloader is high, but it is warranted when the 
mechanical unloader is in operation constantly for long periods. Since 
a car can be unloaded in from three to four minutes, as compared with 
from fifteen to twenty-four minutes by the usual scraper method, the 
saving of time becomes a large factor in their favour during the very 
busy fall months. All parts of the unloader are electrically controlled 
and operated by one man from the operator's tower. 

Essentially the grain car unloader consists of five main parts: 
foundation and tread; cradle; door opener assembly; baffle assembly; 
tipping machinery. 



The unloading operation is as follows: The cradle is locked in its 
horizontal position, the loaded car pushed onto it and held in place 
by end bumpers. By means of the door opener the grain door of the 
car is then forced inward and upward and held close to the roof of 
the car. The tipping machinery is then put in motion and the cradle 
rolls on its tread until the car is tipped longitudinally at an angle of 
45 degrees. In this position the car becomes practically half emptied. 
A baffle is then pushed forward through the open doorway to the 
far side of the car and acts as a bulkhead while the car is tipped other 
end up. Very generally a certain amount of grain runs over the first 
baffle so that it is necessary to repeat the operation to completely empty 
the car. 

When emptying is completed the baffle is withdrawn and the 
cradle is brought to its horizontal position and locked in place by the 
end locking pins. 

Radio for Emergency Communication 

F. K. Dallon, 
London Branch, November 26th, 1924. 

Whenever two or more persons desire to co-operate in any under- 
taking, some method of communication between these persons is 
required. The greater the importance of close co-operation, the 
more reliable must be the method of communication. The method 
used will also depend upon the distance to be covered. 

In the operation of a power system, where all transformer stations 
are required to keep in touch with each other and also with the generat- 
ing station, dependance is usually placed upon a telephone system, or 
possibly upon a telegraph system. Either of these systems, however, 
requiring a complete circuit, is subject to certain interruptions from 
broken or short circuited lines and also from interference at power or 
audio frequencies. 

On a number of power systems, radio equipment is being installed 
for emergency communication. This equipment has an advantage 
over the telephone or telegraph, in that it is not dependent upon the 
continuance of a circuit as a medium of transmission. The radio 
telephone, however, is more complicated than the physical telephone 
and the equipment, therefore, requires more attention in operation 
and maintenance. 

About four years ago, the Toronto Power Company installed 
complete radio transmitting and receiving equipment at five points 
on their Niagara-Toronto power lines, namely at Burlington, Port 
Credit, Silverdale (near Beamsville) and also at the transformer stations 
at each end of the line. These sets were for communication by straight 
radio and operate at present on a wave length of 510 meters. 

The aerials used with these sets have now been supplemented by 
more simple aerials placed in the proximity of the power lines which, 
so long as the power conductors remain intact, use them to carry the 
radio frequency energy from the source to the destination, giving a 
more reliable method of communication and greater intensity than 
the straight radio system. 

Three of these transmitters are rated at 250 watts, the remaining 
two transmitters are of much lower power, rated at 10 watts. All 
stations, however, are operating on the same wave length and can 
intercommunicate. 

About the same time that the Toronto Power Company installed 
these sets, the Hydro-Electric Power Commission commenced the 
development of a guided wave radio system of communication, using 
low power sets entirely. Transmitters were built to operate either 
on the telephone lines or, through capacitive couplings, on the power 
lines. The receivers were designed with one stage of audio frequency 
amplification. Aerials were erected on the towers of the lines, and 
fifteen complete sets were installed in the transformer stations of the 
Niagara system. 

These installations provide one-way communication between 
transformer stations and are operated throughout the system on 
storage batteries to ensure their functioning even in the event of a 
power interruption. Both transmitters and receivers have a minimum 
number of parts, thus rendering them simple in operation, reliable, 
and low in maintenance expense. 

A further emergency communication system is provided in the 
installation of five higher power sets located at the principal points 
of the Niagara System. These are rated at 500 watts and give straight 
radio communication, not dependent on continuance of either power 
or telephone lines. The wave length used for these sets is 960 meters. 
They also are operated entirely on storage batteries which form part 
of the equipment of the transformer stations. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



33 



BRANCH NEWS 



Niagara Peninsula Branch 

R. W. Downie, A.M.E.I.C., Secretary-Treasurer. 
R. Hogg, Jr. E. I.C., Branch News Editor. 

St. Andrews Nicht Dinner 

Members of the local branch and friends of Mr. Davy Dick, Jr., 
of Welland, were royally entertained and banquetted on December 1st, 
in honour of St. Andrew. Mr. Dick, whose annual dinner has come 
to be almost an institution and an affair to be looked forward to for a 
twelve-month, excelled even his hospitable self on this occasion. Ora- 
torical, musical and artistic talent was secured from far and near. 
Pipers, attired in their tartans, led the guests from Mr. Dicks residence 
to the Hotel Reeta, to the great glory of the Celt and the discomfiture 
of the Sassenach. Here Jock Tamson's Bairns, in a riot of mirth, 
attacked the 'meagre fare' of bubblyjocks, haggis, and sic' like. 

When Davy entertains he spares no effort, and his efforts are so 
well directed that his name has become synonymous with jollity and 
good-fellowship over a wide area. 'More power to your elbow, Davy' 
as the Irish say. 

Northern Ontario Night* 

On December 9th, the branch held a dinner meeting at Niagara 
Falls, where the Hon. Chas. McCrae, minister of mines in the Ferguson 
government, delivered a most interesting address on "Northern Ontario", 
to a rather small but appreciative audience. Among those present 
were 'Billy' Wilson, M.P.P., Mark Vaughan, M.P.P., representing 
Niagara Falls and Welland ridings respectively, and Alec. Frazer of 
Niagara Falls. 

Mr. Wilson, M.P.P., in moving a vote of thanks to the speaker, 
paid high tribute to Mr. McCrae as a minister. "He not only may 
be approached at all times by the rank and file in the legislature," 
he said, "but is ever ready to lend an ear to anyone who has any sug- 
gestions to offer or remarks to make concerning Northern Ontario." 
Magistrate Alec. Frazer of Niagara Falls seconded the vote of thanks. 




HON. WM. HAMILTON MERRITT 

Originator of the Welland Canal, who made the first 

survey of the land, September 28th, 1818, with 

George Keefer, Esq., and others. 



Kingston Branch 

G. J. Smith, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

On Wednesday evening November 19th, a regular meeting of the 
Kingston Branch was held in Carruthers hall, Queen's University, the 
chairman, L. F. Grant, a.m.e.i.c, officiating. 

Mountaineering* 

The speaker of the evening was Capt. H. Westmorland of the 
headquarters staff, M. D. No. 3. Capt. Westmorland is a member 
of The Alpine Club (England), of The Fell and Rock Climbing Club, 
of the English Lake District and of The Alpine Club of Canada, and 
stated, in starting, that his talk would "consist of a few generalities 
on mountaineering followed by some descriptions of climbs in the 
English Lake district, the Dolomite mountains of the Austrian Tyrol 
and the Canadian Rockies". 

For an hour the speaker delighted his audience by his account 
in a most unassuming manner, of many climbs of exceedingly difficult 
mountains. Some sixty very fine slides were shown of climbers attain- 
ing the most inaccessible spots together with the ice-axe, rope, climbing 
boots, etc., used during the climbs. The final description was that 
of the meeting of the Canadian Alpine Club at the base of Mount 
Robson in 1913, at which meet this mountain, the second highest in 
Canada (13,000 feet), was first climbed. 

Capt. Westmorland stated that the great National Parks of 
Canada, in which many of the most beautiful mountains are located 
are being menaced by commercial interests desirous of obtaining 
water powers or other natural resources. A. O. Wheeler, f.r.g.s., 
d.l.s., director of the Alpine Club of Canada, has formed The National 
Parks Society to fight for their preservation and the speaker asked 
that every engineer do all that he is able to help Mr. Wheeler save 
this great Canadian heritage. 

A hearty vote of thanks was tendered Capt. Westmorland by 
Col. A. Macphail, M.E.i.c, who stated the address was one of the 
most interesting he had ever had the pleasure of hearing and that 
he intended to take steps to have the lecture repeated, if possible, 
to the public under the sponsorship of the Arts and Lecture Com- 
mittee of Queen's University. 

The Queen's University Arena 

The regular meeting of the Kingston Branch was held in Carru- 
thers Hall, Queen's University, on Thursday evening, December 4th. 
The chair was occupied by R. J. McClelland, a.m.e.i.c, vice-chairman 
of the branch, and the attendance was unusually large due to the 
great local interest in the subject arranged for the evening's discussion. 

The city of Kingston had never had a skating rink with an artificial 
ice plant installed so that when the Jock Harty arena at Queen's 
University was burned late last winter, the Athletic Board of Control 
of the University at once went into the matter of building a new fire- 
proof, concrete structure with a thoroughly up to date plant for the 
production of a skating surface of artificial ice. The construction of 
this building has been watched with great interest by the students of 
Queen's as well as the citizens of Kingston in general during the past 
summer and the Kingston Branch of The Institute undertook to have 
the details of the undertaking explained at the open meeting of the 
branch on December 4th. 

The subject was handled under five different heads, the following 
gentlemen looking after the respective parts: — 

Prof. M. B. Baker — The history of the undertaking. 

G. Maclachlan — The designing, contracting and building. 

L. F. Grant, a.m.e.i.c, — The inspection. 

Prof. L. M. Arkley, m.e.i.c., — The refrigeration plant. 

Prof. W. P. Wilgar, m.e.i.c, — Summing up. 

Professor Baker, in his explanation of the history of the project, 
told the rather interesting fact that the first game of hockey in Canada, 
and probably in the world, had been played in Kingston in 1888 between 
the Royal Military College and Queen's University, and that to com- 
memorate this game the new arena was to be officially opened by another 
game between the teams from these two colleges. He also mentioned 
the fact that the rink had been built by the rather unusual procedure 
of calling for competitive designs directly from different firms of con- 
tractors, with accompanying prices, the design of Messrs. Maclachlan 
and Wright being finally chosen, and the contract awarded to this 
firm. 

Mr. Maclachlan went thoroughly into the details of the design 
and the actual building of the structure itself, and L. F. Grant, a.m.e.i.c, 
explained the inspecting end of the work, and emphasized the complete 
harmony that had existed all through between the owners and con- 
tractors. The intricacies of the artificial ice plant were carefully dealt 
with by Prof. L. M. Arkley, m.e.i.c, this being the part of the subject 
that held possibly the greatest interest for the audience. Prof. W. P. 



♦Abstracts of these papers appear on another page of this issue. 



34 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Wilgar, m.e.i.c, closed the subject by a very capable summing up 
of the whole project. 

The speakers were accorded the hearty thanks of all present for 
their interesting and instructive addresses. 

London Branch 

E. A. Gray, A. M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
R. I. Olmsted, A.M.E.I.C, Branch News Editor. 

The regular monthly meeting of the London Branch was held 
on November 26th, in the board room of the Board of Education, 
Public Utilities Building, with E. V. Buchanan, m.e.i.c, chairman, 
presiding. 

The chairman introduced the speaker, F. Keith Dalton, b.a.Sc, 
radio engineer, Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, Toronto, 
whose subject was "Radio for Emergency Communication".* 

Radio 

The London Branch held its regular monthly meeting in the 
auditorium on December eighteenth. The event was of special interest 
to local radio fans as Lieut.-Commander C. P. Edwards, o.b.e., 
a.m.e.i.c, director of radio telegraphy, Department of Marine and 
Fisheries, Ottawa, gave a popular address on "Radio", illustrated by 
moving pictures and lantern slides. 

The speaker was introduced in a short address by E. V. Buchanan 
M.E.I.C, chairman of the London Branch, and in the course of his 
remarks Commander Edwards predicted that within a few years 
Canada will have a string of broadcasting stations from coast to coast 
which will rival in power the programmes of radio centres at present 
on this continent. 

The meeting was of a joint nature under the auspices of the London 
Chamber of Commerce, Canadian Club and The Engineering Institute 
of Canada. 

Lethbridge Branch 

Geo. S. Brown, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
With Peary in a dash for the Pole! 

That was the treat which the Programme Committee served to 
the Lethbridge Branch on Friday night November 7th. 

It has been the practice to invite the general public to meetings 
of the branch after dinner and usually there is a fair response, but 
when Mr. Jim Davidson of Calgary commenced his illustrated lecture 
on Peary's second expedition, the auditorium of the Y.M.C.A. was 
packed to the doors. John Dow, m.e.i.c, chairman of the branch, 
taking the opportunity of the big crowd, sketched the history of engin- 
eering and its place in the community, mentioning that while Com- 
mander Peary is universally known as an explorer, he was first of all 
an engineer. 

Mr. Davidson, in his opening remarks, also referred to this aspect 
of the great explorer. It is a point that cannot be too greatly emphasiz- 
ed, for it proves, once again, the extent to which engineering plays its 
part in pioneering as well as other great accomplishments of the world, 
— a fact that is all too generally overlooked by the public at large. 
Another point which applies to engineers and other men of science, 
Mr. Davidson made in his talk when he answered the popular questions: 
"What is the purpose of these foolhardy trips to the North Pole?" 
"Are they not merely but a quest after adventure and excitement and 
of no benefit to the matter-of-fact world ?" 

"Men live not for themselves alone," said Mr. Davidson in effect. 
"Each must do what he can in his limit of life to advance knowledge 
of the earth. Man, from time immemorial, has sought to pierce the 
unknown, to venture into the wild places and tame them. The advance- 
ment of science directly affects the life of the world. Some particular 
bit of exploratory work may not be of direct benefit to the generation 
in which it is accomplished, but generations to come will benefit from 
the data collected." 

Continuing, he said, "The life of the explorer is a hard one, but 
it is peculiarly the trait of the true engineer that he finds this hard 
life appealing, and to a very considerable extent the world is con- 
tinuously in debt to the engineer, for the explorer is fundamentally, 
if not always technically, an engineer." 

Mr. Davidson is not a lecturer in the professional sense and his 
talk before the branch was happily, in view of the large audience, 
entirely devoid of technical explanations. He told his story with a 
wealth of local colour and human interest. It was rather by inference 
than by direct reference that he left in the minds of his audience a 
picture of the hardships endured. As an instance of his methods: 
He told of the occasion when he, himself, was incapacitated by frozen 
feet and had to be returned later to the base, and told the story by 
describing the sufferings of his dogs throughout the eight days when 
his party were confined to their sleeping bags in storm during which 
the wind registered 58 miles an hour and the temperature remained 
under 68 degrees below. Of the 12 dogs, 7 were dead and two were 
frozen into the ice and had to be killed. 



His picture of Peary was an inspiring one. "Peary," he said, 
"was a genius in exploration work with an uncanny instinct for direc- 
tion. Undaunted of purpose, nothing was an obstacle. A little 
instance of this, Mr. Davidson gave in his humourous story of the 
burro which had been taken along for certain important preliminary 
transport work. Upon this animal rested the burden of getting supplies 
to a certain point four miles from the base. It refused to work and 
proved stubborn. Several days were lost while man after man in the 
party tried to get the burro to move. Forced finally to give up, they 
told the commander. Peary looked surprised and said quietly: "Why, 
the burro must go; he must haul the load. The expedition cannot be 
held up because the burro refuses to go. I'll see what I can do." 
Mr. Davidson said the whole party followed the commander when he 
visited the burro. Gently, but firmly, Peary talked to the animal 
with an axe handle and then proceeded, personally, to pilot him the 
four miles hauling the load. There was no further trouble with the 
burro. 

Sault Ste. Marie Branch 

W. S. Wilson, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

A regular meeting of the Sault Ste. Marie Branch was held on 
Friday evening November 28th, 1924, following a dinner partaken of 
by fifteen members and guests at the Y.W.C.A. 

The chairman extended to the visiting teachers a welcome on 
behalf of the branch and called on A. G. Burns, superintendent of the 
U. S. Weather Bureau at Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, to give an address 
on the work of the bureau. 

The Work of the U. S. Weather Bureau 

Mr. Burns favoured the branch with a very comprehensive and 
illuminating address on his work, which is very important to all classes 
of people. Some of the more outstanding points may be noted: 

The work of the bureau in preparing weather maps started in 1871. 
Information for these is gathered from Alaska to Florida and the 
Hawaiian Islands and observations are taken twice daily at all regular 
stations and forecasts are issued from central stations at Chicago, 
Denver, San Francisco, Portland (Oregon), Washington, and Boston. 

Sault Ste. Marie is in the area tributary to Chicago. On the 
28th, Mr. Burns heard from 46 stations by telegraph in code, including 
Edmonton, Seattle and New Orleans and this between the time of 
taking the observation, 8 a.m. eastern standard time, and 9 a.m. 

Hurricanes are anticipated by watching closely the Cirrus clouds 
of the upper air from northwest to southeast, and are sometimes fore- 
casted a week ahead. The celebrated storm at Galveston was fore- 
casted. Forecasts of .storms are Dublished by storm signals and by 




$&'$&■ M 



J 



*An abstract of this paper appears on another page of this issue. 



GEORGE KEEFER, Esq. 

First President of the Welland Canal Company. 

The Keefer family have, for four generations, been identified 

with engineering progress in Canada, and most of the 

country's undertakings have profited by their 

wide experience. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



35 



weather maps given to mariners. The forecast of heavy snowfall is 
given to the railroads and the snowplow crews are held in readiness. 
Cold snaps expected are published and the railroads and other parties 
interested are warned to protect perishable goods and fruit growers 
light fires and take other means to protect their orchards and groves. 
The forest service is warned of approaching high winds. Mr. Burns 
told how he assisted the local industrial and produce men and others 
by calling on the phone with the co-operation of the local exchange 
a list of 35 parties, requiring possibly a minute each giving a condensed 
summary of important changes impending. At Sault Ste. Marie the 
mean annual temperature is 39.2 F. and the mean annual precipitation, 
including snowfall reduced to the equivalent rainfall, is 29.98 inches 
over a period of 33 years. The ten year periods show considerable 
variation, 1889 to 1899, 33.93 inches, 1900 to 1909, 26.33 inches, and 
1910 to 1919, 29.69 inches. 

At the conclusion of the address a specially interesting discussion 
ensued and the cause of the extreme low temperatures at White River, 
Ont., and at Franz, Ont, were debated. The extreme variation in 
wind velocities between those noted at the local station and Whitefish 
Bay and the effects of the local topography were given. The velocities 
are nearly double the local observed velocities. 

The superintending engineer of the ship canal, inquired as to the 
explanation of the phenomena of tidal waves occasionally observed in 
lake Superior, but Mr. Burns said that the occurrence had not been 
completely explained but was probably an accumulation of the effects 
of wind and pressure and other conditions. The disastrous storm of 
November 1913 was referred to and the unique combination of a 
storm from the West Indies moving up to lake Erie and then deflecting 
from the usual course and following northwesterly up the Great Lakes 
to meet a storm from the northwest, was described. The storms 
combined their force with tragic results. 

The vote of thanks was moved by J. Hayes Jenkinson, a.m.e.i.c, 
and was seconded by R. S. McCormick, M.E.I. C, and carried with 
applause. Messrs C. Stenbol, m.e.i.c, and G. W. Holder, jr.E.i.c, 
were appointed scrutineers to count the ballots for election of 1925 
executive committee and requested to make their report at the annual 
meeting to be held December 19th. An important paper in two 
sections was announced for the December and January meetings to be 
given by F. Smallwood, m.e.i.c, by C. H. Speer, m.e.i.c, the chairman 
of the Papers Committee to whose efforts the addresses given by 
Messrs. Sherman and Burns of our sister city are due. 

Winnipeg Branch 

P. Burke-Gaffney, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

James Quail, A.M.E.I.C, Branch News Editor. 

Winners of Students' Prizes 

The regular meeting of the Winnipeg Branch was held in the 
Engineering Building of the University of Manitoba, on Thursday, 
December 4th, 1924. In the absence of the chairman, E. V. Caton, 
m.e.i.c, occupied the chair. 

City of Winnipeg Steam Standby Plant* 

Prof. Fetherstonhaugh introduced D. S. Young, a student of the 
University of Manitoba. Mr. Young had won the first prize for the 
best paper in the electrical section of the engineering division. The 
paper had been written as his yearly thesis. His subject was "Steam 
Standby Plant, City of Winnipeg Hydro-Electric System". Mr. Young 
developed his subject, which was illustrated by lantern slides as he 
proceeded, by considering: 

(1) The economic advisability of the standby plant for its 
primary use as protection against failure of the plant or the 
transmission line at and from Point du Bois. 

(2) The practicability of the standby plant as a unit in a system 
of plants for developing steam heat centrally and distributing 
over various areas of the city. 

(3) The mechanical and electrical and steam developing equip- 
ment of the plant. 

The chairman congratulated Mr. Young on behalf of the branch 
and wished him success. Discussion of Mr. Young's paper was taken 
part in by J. W. Sanger, a.m.e.i.c, W. M. Scott, m.e.i.c, J. Rocchetti 
m.e.i.c, and others. The direction of the discussion was dictated 
by the points raised and information given by J. W. Sanger, a.m.e.i.c, 
chief engineer of the City of Winnipeg Hydro-Electric System. 
Mr. Sanger complimented Mr. Young on the broad grasp of his subject 
that he evidently had and, too, on his familiarity with the details of 
the plant equipment and construction. 

Mr. Sanger went on to say that the operation of the plant to 
bum pulverized coal containing more than 5 per cent moisture was 
being experimented with and that the expectation was that success 
would be achieved. The difficulty that was being met with at the 
present was in passing through, without drying, the pulverized lignite 
containing in excess of 25 per cent moisture. He expressed the belief, 
as was wished, that coal from the lowest grade lignite to the highest 
grade would soon be used. He drew attention to the fact that danger 
from firing in the drying process had to be guarded against when 

*Abstracts of these papers appear on another page of this issue. 



lignite of a low moisture content was subject to temperature of about 
300 degrees F. Mr. Sanger also drew attention to the fact that a 
step in pre-heating water had been obviated and that engineering 
foresight had eliminated a danger point in operation that had not 
been provided against in part of the equipment by the manufacturers. 

Mechanical Grain Car Unloaders* 

Prof. Fetherstonhaugh, following the discussion of Mr. Young's 
paper, introduced W. J. Reekie, winner of the prize for the second 
best thesis. Mr. Reekie's subject was "Mechanical Grain Car Un- 
loaders". Mr. Reekie had gathered the information on which his paper 
was based while at work on the construction of a government grain 
elevator at Edmonton. His paper, too, was illustrated by slides. 
The discussion that followed Mr. Reekie's paper provided him with 
an opportunity that he demonstrated himself as being very capable 
of handling. The members of the branch were not familiar with the 
mechanical details of a grain car unloader and asked questions freely. 
Mr. Reekie answered them all illustrating his answers by blackboard 
sketches. Mr. Reekie was heartily congratulated by the chairman. 
The discussion of Mr. Reekie's paper was taken part in by W. M. Scott, 
m.e.i.c, Mr. Barnes, Prof. Fetherstonhaugh, M.E.I.C, J. Rocchetti, 
m.e.i.c, and others. 

Mr. Bull, superintendent of utilities of the city of Regina was 
present as a visitor. Mr. Bull expressed his pleasure at being present. 
The chairman drew the attention of the meeting to the fact that 
Mr. Bull had been one of the earliest of the engineers in western Canada 
to demonstrate the value of western Canadian coal for steam purposes. 
The hope was expressed that Mr. Bull would contribute to the success 
of the experimental work that was now being carried out to demonstrate 
unqualified success of the burning of pulverized lignite. 

Cape Breton Branch 

D. W. J. Brown, Jr.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

On October 19th, we had the pleasure of a visit from Mr. Keith, 
who came officially to present the Cape Breton Branch with its charter 
on behalf of the President and Council. 

The regular monthly meeting for October was held in the form 
of a dinner meeting, in the Vidal hotel. Twenty-eight members and 
five guests were present. After dinner Mr. Keith presented the charter 
with fitting ceremony, and it was accepted on behalf of the branch 
by the chairman, Mr. Mifflen. A. S. McNeil, president of the Nova 
Scotia Mining Society, and E. C. Hanrahan, secretary of the same 
society, each made a short address, in which they congratulated the 
members of The Engineering Institute in Cape Breton on the success 
of their local branch. Mr. McNeil stated that the Nova Scotia Mining 
Society was about to increase the number of meetings held annually, 
and he extended to our members an invitation to be present at these 
gatherings. In addition to presenting the charter, Mr. Keith delivered 
his very interesting illustrated address on the Wembley Exhibition. 
After a vote of thanks was tendered to the speaker the meeting 
adjourned. 




Old Welland Canal Lock at Allanburg looking South, about the 
spot where the first sod was turned on November 30th, 1824. 



36 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



During his -visit arrangements were made whereby Mr. Keith 
was given an opportunity to inspect the operations of the Dominion 
Coal Company. He was conducted underground at No. 1-B colliery 
by A. L. Hay, a.m.e.i.c, assistant mining engineer of the company. 
This colliery is one of the best equipped on the continent. Coal is 
extracted from submarine areas, dropped or hoisted as the case may 
be from workings to main landings, from which it is taken to the shaft 
in trains of 50 to 60 cars (100 to 120 tons coal), by electric trolley 
locomotives. 

Annual Meeting 

The annual meeting for 1924 was held on the regular meeting 
night for December, Tuesday, the 9th. The first business to be attended 
to was counting the ballots for election of officers, the result being the 
election of S. C. Mifflen, a.m.e.i.c, for chairman, and W. C. Risley, 
m.e.i. c, and W. E. Clarke, m.e.i.c, for committee men. After the 
results of the ballot had been announced by the chairman, the annual 
report of the Branch Executive to the President and Council was 
read by the secretary, and adopted. 

The speaker of the evening was E. L. Ganter, a.m.e.i.c, manager 
of the Sydney office of the Canadian General Electric Company, Ltd., 
the subject chosen by Mr. Ganter being "Radio Reception", with 
particular reference to the super-heterodyne receiver. The speaker 
outlined the principles upon which radio reception depends, and describ- 
ed the functions of the different instruments as used in various circuits. 
The principal circuits used in radio reception were described and 
illustrated by lantern slide diagrams. After reading his paper and 
answering the questions of the members, Mr. Ganter demonstrated 
the use of the super-heterodyne using a six tube Radiola with loud 
speaker and an indoor loop aerial. 

The next meeting of the Cape Breton Branch will be held on 
Tuesday, January 6th, at which C. H. Wright, m.e.i.c, chairman of 
the Halifax Branch, will deliver an illustrated paper on the use of 
electricity in the mining industry. 

St. John Branch 

JW. J. Johnston, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
Tests for Vocational Selection and Guidance 

"Tests for Vocational Selection and Guidance" was the title of an 
address delivered by Dr. G. J. Trueman, president of Mount Allison 
University, before the members of the St. John Branch, on the evening 
of December 11th, 1924. On invitation from the branch the members 
of the Character Analysis Club of St. John attended in a body and found 
the subject very interesting, as the subject was a study in psychology 
similar to the studies of the club. This Character Analysis Club, 
with membership of forty-odd members, was organized here in Septem- 
ber last following a course on character analysis and business psychology 
by Prof. Edward Lee Hawk of Chicago. 

At different times tests have been devised in the attempt to find 
a person's fitness for a particular kind of work or branch of study. 
The matter is not easy at the outset and is complicated by the personal 
equation of the examiner, as pointed out by the speaker in the case 
of twenty-eight different examiners in marking a Latin examination 
paper awarded marks ranging from 45 to 100. 








Welland Ship Canal, Lock No. 2, looking South. 
First work on this Canal commenced October 3rd, 1913. 



A series of tests have been devised to test the efficiency of school 
children, and in an enlarged scale is also used in colleges. A set of 
tests have been devised for each age. If a seven-year old child just 
succeeds in passing the seven-year old test correctly he is said to be 
of average ability, his mental corresponds with his actual age, and 
his intelligence quotient is 7 divided by 7; or should he test 7 when 
his actual age is 10, his intelligence quotient is his mental age divided 
by his actual age, 7 divided by 10, or 0.7. If he tests 14.4 when his 
actual age is 12 he is well above the average, 14.4 divided by 12, with 
intelligence quotient of 1.2. Multiply by 100 to clear of decimals, 
and in the first case he was normal with intelligence quotient of 100, 
in the second case with 70 he was below normal, and when it was 
120 he was above normal. 

The Barr scale, drawn up by 20 scientists, provides for placing a 
person in five grades with intelligence quotient ranging from 140, in 
the case of an inventive genius of the Edison type, to zero in the case 
of the "hobo". The speaker humourously qualified the latter rating 
by stating he believed it took considerable brains on the part of a 
hobo to live without working. 

During the Great War about 1,800,000 men in the United States 
army were given tests to determine their fitness for particular jobs. 
These tests were given in groups and became known as the Alpha 
and Beta tests, the Alpha for men who could read and write, and the 
Beta for illiterates. Good results have been claimed for these tests. 
They were particularly useful in picking competent shell inspectors. 

Three kinds of tests are necessary to properly measure a person's 
capacity. Abstract intelligence as found by some form of tests pre- 
viously described; mechanical intelligence, or the ability to handle tools 
and use one's hands; social intelligence, as tact, perseverance, ambition. 
Such qualities as tact, perseverance, ambition cannot be properly 
guaged, and a person with low rating by other tests may overcome 
many obstacles by the exercise of these qualities. In addition to a 
person's intelligence tests it was necessary to know the school record, 
medical examination record, tastes and dislikes, and other un-related 
data in predicting a person's fitness for a particular kind of work. 

Studies along these lines were carried on in France between 1900 
and 1912 by a psychologist and a medical doctor resulting in a series 
of tests known as the Binet-Simon tests. In the United States the 
Thurston engineering tests are now given to engineering students in 
a number of the colleges. Other tests under different names are now 
in use in different countries with a view of placing the right man in the 
job for which he is fitted, thereby cutting down the "labour turnover". 
The speaker urged the necessity for some system in the hiring of help, 
citing in contrast the method as described by a foreman in hiring men, 
"On Monday I turns down all men with white collars; on Tuesdays, 
all with blue eyes; Wednesdays, all with dark eyes; red-headed men 
I never hires, and there do be days when I has a grouch and hires 
every tenth man". 

At the close of the address Dr. Trueman answered a number of 
questions from persons in the audience. G. G. Hare, m.e.i.c, chairman 
of the branch, presided at the meeting, and extended a vote of thanks 
on motion of W. R. Pearce, m.e.i.c, and J. N. Flood, a.m.e.i.c 

Saskatchewan Branch 

J. W. D. Farrell, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

The regular meeting of the Saskatchewan Branch was held on 
November 27th, at the dining room of the Parliament Buildings and 
was preceded by a dinner. Vice-Chairman Blackburn presided. After 
disposing of a few business items, the chairman called on P. C. Perry, 
a.m.e.i.c, for his paper on "Railway Maintenance Problems". 

•* Railway Maintenance Problems 

Mr. Perry introduced his paper by reading a letter from a section 
foreman which showed that the survival of the fittest was a basic 
principle in certain very active circumstances. As instancing the size 
of the maintenance work the speaker reported that the Canadian 
railways spend over $80,000,000.00 per year on maintenance of way 
and structures. In the Regina division of the Canadian National 
Railways, the yearly expenditure under this head is approximately 
$900,000.00. Owing to conditions prevailing where new lines are 
opened, much maintenance work is really of a capital nature. The 
problem of keeping expenditures within their allowed appropriation 
and at the same time keeping the properties in a safe condition is 
perhaps the critical problem for the engineer engaged on maintenance. 
Mr. Perry developed his paper under the following headings: — Road 
bed and track, bridges and culverts, buildings, miscellaneous. In each 
case the practices followed were clearly described and discussed. The 
question of materials and treatment of cross ties, weight of track steel 
and track fastenings received particular elaboration. The organiza- 
tion or human side of the question was also given in suitable detail. 

A discussion of the paper was very ably led by Messrs. deStein 
and Lewis and centred on such topics as comparison of practices of 
different railways as to state of road bed when put into operation, 
rail chairs, steel ties, treated ties, tie plates, placing of ballast and 
culverts. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



37 




A. J. GRANT, M.E.I.C., 
Chief Engineer of New Welland Ship Canal. 

The Hudson Bay Route* 

At the December meeting of the branch which was held on De- 
cember 11th, Vice-Chairman Blackburn presided. Following the 
dinner, some matters of routine business were disposed of, including 
a report on the standing required for admission to The Institute. It was 
decided that this report should receive very thorough discussion at a 
later meeting. The chairman then called on Lieut. -Col. Garner, 
m.e.i. c, for his paper on the Hudson Bay Route. 

H. S. Carpenter, M.E.I. c, led the discussion and in general con- 
curred in the findings of the paper. In his discussion Mr. Carpenter 
made several references to a paper on the same subject by F. W. 
Cowie, M.E.i.c, consulting engineer to the Montreal Harbour Com- 
missioners. 

T. M. Molloy, Branch Affiliate, while thoroughly in sympathy 
with the project, wanted to know if opening cheap transportation into 
the country, wanted to know if opening cheap transportation into the 
country might not deter the growth of industries in western Canada; 
for instance, Welsh coal might supplant Alberta coal and the influx 
of cheap manufactured goods from Europe prevent the growth of 
industry here. 

J. H. Chown, remarked that there is at present not enough business 
to keep the two existing railways busy throughout the year. He believed 
that if both railways could work their plant to capacity, considerable 
reductions could be made in freight rates. He also questioned whether 
any advantage in rates could be obtained by the Bay Route if shipping 
had to come in light. 

M. B. Weekes, A. m.e.i. c, forecasted that in the near future both 
the C.P.R. and the C.N.R. would have terminals on the bay and said 
that the race was now on. 

Ottawa Branch 

F. C C Lynch, A. M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Another notable contribution to the series of instructive and 
entertaining addresses given in Ottawa by prominent scientists and 
professional men who have this year visited Europe and the Empire 
Exhibition at Wembley was made by Noel J. Ogilvie, M.E.i.c, d.l.s., 
director of the Geodetic Survey of Canada, to the Ottawa Branch 
at a luncheon held at the Chateau Laurier, November 11th, 1924. 

There was a large attendance which included several distinguished 
guests who were all keenly interested. Mr. Ogilvie was the Canadian 
delegate to the second general conference of the International Union 
of Geodesy and Geophysics, which was held in October at Madrid, 

*Abstracts of these papers appear on another page of this issue. 



Spain. Thirty-one countries were represented at this convention and 
Mr. Ogilvie was able to report that all the representatives showed the 
greatest interest in what Canadian engineers were doing to meet the 
difficulties of the problems facing them and that universal praise was 
bestowed on the work of Canadian scientists and engineers. 

Mr. Ogilvie dealt with a few of the technical aspects of his mission, 
but those of his audience who were not engineers, enjoyed his talk 
as he interspersed it with eloquent descriptions of the scenery and 
picturesqueness of the countries which he had visited, with an occasional 
humourous anecdote couched in witty terms. 

When referring to the principal technical achievements of the 
convention, Mr. Ogilvie particularly mentioned the reading of a paper 
on the Gulf Stream, which was unanimously voted to be one of the 
outstanding contributions on geography. The paper was read by 
Admiral Sir John Perry, and was prepared by an Ottawan, Dr. W. Bell 
Dawson, M.E.i.c, whose name, Mr. Ogilvie said, was a byword in every 
country as one of the greatest authorities living on tides and currents. 

At the conclusion of his talk, Mr. Ogilvie had some interesting 
lantern slides, taken in Spain, thrown on the screen, and these were 
greatly enjoyed. 

The chairman of the branch, J. L. Rannie, M.E.I.C, was in the 
chair, and he thanked the speaker for his splendid address. Among 
those at the head table were: J. L. Rannie, m.e.i.c, Noel Ogilvie, 
M.E.I.C, Hon. Charles Stewart, Hon. James Murdock, J. B. Hunter, 
deputy minister of Public Works; Dr. Charles Camsell, m.e.i.c, deputy 
minister of Mines; R. R. Farrow, deputy minister of Customs; Hon. 
W. J. Roche, Clarence Jameson and William Foran, of the Civil Service 
Commission; General MacBrien, Department of National Defence; 
Dr. W. H. Collins, director of Geological Survey; R. A. Gibson, assistant 
deputy minister of Interior; J. M. Roberts, secretary of the Interior 
Department; A. L. Sauve, passenger agent of the Canadian Pacific 
Railway; Dr. W. Bell Dawson, m.e.i.c, and J. A. Wilson, a.m.e.i.c, 
secretary of the Air Board. 

Sodium Silicate and Its Industrial Applications* 

The Ottawa Branch and the Society of Chemical Industry were 
favoured with a' splendid illustrated address on "Sodium Silicate" 
and its industrial applications by E. T. Sterne, B.Sc., in the Victoria 
Memorial Museum, on Wednesday night, November 26th. Dr. A. 
Mclntyre, chairman of the Society of Chemical Industry, was in the 
chair. 

Toronto Branch 

/. H. Curzon, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
J. A. Knight, A.M.E.I.C, Branch News Editor. 

Engineering Education 

On the evening of November 17th, the Toronto Branch joined 
with the other engineering societies of the city in a joint meeting, 
the speaker being W. E. Wickenden, of the Society for the Promotion 
of Engineering Education, his subject being "Engineering Education". 
Mr. Wickenden is not unknown to members of The Institute, who will 
look forward with pleasure to future opportunities to listen to this 
very interesting speaker. 

Standards 

R. J. Durley, m.e.i.c, secretary of the Canadian Engineering 
Standards Association, regaled the meeting on November 27th, with 
some surprising details of standardization covering the subject from 
standard specifications for steel bridges to the standardization of bed 
springs. The question was raised as to the official standing of the 
Imperial gallon which some American engineers claimed was never 
officially described. As Mr. Durley did not have this information at 
hand he promised to investigate and later forwarded to the branch 
a list of acts of both the Imperial and the Canadian parliaments, all 
of which proved that our gallon is perfectly standardized. 

Branch Smoker 

Engineers sometimes relax, and the Toronto Branch is no exception 
to this rule. Each year Prof. Tommy Louden and his boys from the 
"School" provide the entertainment, ably assisted by our old friend 
and adviser the general secretary. Such a combination cannot fail to 
induce the required relaxation and members of the branch to the 
number of about one hundred report a very happy evening at Hart 
House, on December 4th. 

Mexico and Its Volcanoes 

Professor A. P. Coleman requires no introduction to The Institute, 
and any branch that can report a meeting addressed by him is to be 
envied. The Toronto Branch turned out in large numbers to hear 
Professor Coleman on December 11th, and they were not disappointed. 
After listening for an hour which seemed like ten minutes, we all decided 
that aside from political upheavals, and upheavals of the earth's crust, 
Mexico would be a very pleasant spot to spend a holiday. 

City Bridges 

On December 18th, Thomas Taylor, C.E., M.E.I.C, gave a paper 
on "City Bridges" which was instructive and interesting, and promoted 
considerable discussion. Mr. Taylor dealt with four styles: park, 



38 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



subway, viaduct and roadway bridges. He stressed the fact that a 
bridge is often improved if the engineer calls in an architect to assist 
in the exterior design, while he himself attends to the structural features. 
Mr. Taylor showed slides to illustrate weaknesses which had been 
located in bridge design, particularly with reference to expansion, 
drainage and settlement. 

Calgary Branch 

G. P. F. Boese, A.M. E.I. C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

W. St. J. Miller, A.M.E.I.C., Branch News Editor. 

Central Heating for Business Communities 

"Central heating for business communities" was the subject of 
the first paper of the season presented to the branch on November 
14th. President R. S. Trowsdale, a.m.e.i.c, was in the chair. The 
author, W. B. Trotter, a.m.e.i.c, delivered a most interesting address 
the subject of which is, or at any rate should be, a very live one. 
Statistics quoted proved conclusively the advantages of such a system 
of heating, and wherever installations existed in the States the promoters 
had met with success. Initial cost of installing a central plant was, 
of course, the chief drawback, combined with the necessity of having 
to tear out existing plants. This latter can be somewhat offset if 
the plant can be sold to advantage. 

As far as Calgary went, he would not advocate such a system to 
extend beyond the business sections, and he gave figures to substantiate 
his contention that plants on a small scale could advantageously be 
run connecting up several of the large buildings. The reduction of 
firemen's and engineers' wages was a consideration not to be overlooked. 

Several slides were thrown on the screen giving views of existing 
systems and plans of layouts along streets, pointing out necessary 
booster supply pipes in long runs of mains. Also various forms of 
expansion joints were shown. 

Mr. Trotter is to be congratulated on the preparation of a most 
useful paper which opened the eyes of those present to the actual 
possibility of the adoption of such a system in a city of our size. He 
went on to tell how high pressure steam was reduced at the building 
apparently much in the same manner as electricity is stepped down 
through transformers, and he advocated pipe lines being laid along 
lanes whenever possible. 

R. M. Dingwall, a.m.e.i.c, opened the discussion by relating 
how he had gone quite exhaustively into the matter of central heating 
in Calgary some time ago, and gave results of his investigations. He 
had mapped out the areas most suited to be served by a central installa- 
tion. A. G. Graves, Affiliate, spoke of the congestion already existing 
in lanes of this city, as in others, and suggested that pipes might be 
laid through the basements of buildings and tapped as required. 

A hearty vote of thanks was accorded the speaker, and the chairman 
expressed appreciation of the endeavours of Mr. Trotter as an expert 
to bring this subject before the public as he has done on more than 
one occasion. 

At this meeting six names of members were drawn against six 
subjects for addresses relating to industries in Calgary. The object 
was to permit members who had never previously read a paper, an 
opportunity to show what they could do in this respect. A time 
limit for each paper was set, and ten days allowed to prepare statistics 
and get together any available data in connection with each industry. 

Calgary's Industries 

On November 24th the branch assembled at dinner, following 
which the results of the above mentioned draw were presented. Com- 
munity singing was indulged in accompanied by a stringed trio who 
i cued some delightful selections during the dinner. 



OXTAfUO 

I'XJiyjiAl *iyp 

/.v. u; i 1 \l l.< 

NSW YOM< 




Map of the Survey of the New Welland Ship Canal. 



The first victim, — shall we say! — was A. S. Chapman, a.m.e.i.c, 
who had drawn as his subject "Packing Plants". He certainly treated 
his subject well and got in an enormous amount of description and 
information in the short time allowed. The plant he visited covered 
a large area and he took his hearers through in considerable detail, 
ending up with the remark that they used every part possible of the 
cattle and hogs, excepting only the squeal, which they were endeavour- 
ing to also turn to some advantage! 

R. M. Dingwall, a.m.e.i.c, digressed slightly from his subject 
of the "Leather Industry" in Calgary, in that he amused his hearers 
by relating his first experience with, or introduction to, the leather 
industry as a small boy at the hand of a somewhat stern though loving 
parent! However, he gave some general information relative to this 
Calgary industry. 

R. L. Dunsmore, a.m.e.i.c, came next with a thoroughly practical 
description of the plant and operation of the Imperial Oil Company's 
refinery in East Calgary. Whilst of a technical nature his talk was 
readily comprehended by those present and he gave facts concerning 
the efficiency and successful operation at the plant that were eye- 
openers indeed. This paper though necessarily short was itself worthy 
of an evening's discussion. 

Thos. Lees, a.m.e.i.c, who took the place of Col. W. S. Fethers- 
tonhaugh, M.E.I.C, unavoidably absent, read some notes on railroad 
interests in Calgary. He referred in detail to the very large local 
payroll of the C.P.R., and the extensive trackage facilities to accom- 
modate this huge business which, he claimed, was second to none in 
Calgary. He carefully enumerated the numbers of locomotives in 
the yards and serving the through traffic, the numbers of light over- 
hauls and thorough overhauls of locomotives, freight, and passenger 
cars, and the amount of money put into circulation in the division. 
All these statistics proved of considerable interest and we are indebted 
to Mr. Lees for some valuable facts that perhaps many of .us never 
had any conception of before. 

R.'C. Harris, a.m.e.i.c, followed Mr. Lees with a report on the 
local lumber industry, and emphasized the fact that pretty nearly 
every conceivable product could be turned out in our city in the wood- 
working line. He referred to the extensive machinery equipment at 
some of the larger sash and door factories, and indirectly reminded 
those present that they would not have to go beyond the local market 
when they were in need of a casket, as this product was by no means 
the least important one manufactured in our midst. The Calgary 
wood preserving plant was touched upon and the various methods 
employed were described in a general way. 

Last but by no means least as a contribution to the evening's 
enjoyment came A. G. Willson, a.m.e.i.c, who had drawn a subject 
that apparently he was well fitted to talk upon, namely machine shop 
practice and acetylene welding plants in Calgary. His fluency with 
the subject convinced the members that it was one of which he knew 
not a little. His references to iron foundry work, precise machine- 
working tools, and the oxy-acetylene product and apparatus proved 
his ability to handle this somewhat wide subject. The importance 
of Calgary as a supply centre for liquid air came as a surprise. The 
speaker got through a mass of extremely interesting notes in the time 
available. 

This last paper concluded an evening that proved a decided success^ 
the results certainly justifying the experiment, for such it was, and it is 
to be hoped that other evenings of a like nature may be arranged in 
future. 

P. Turner Bone, M.E.I.C, elected Alderman in Calgary 

It is with considerable pleasure that we are able to announce the 
election of P. Turner Bone, M.E.I.C, as an alderman of the city of 
Calgary. Mr. Bone has been a member of The Institute for the last 
ten years. It may be remembered that both Major Walkem and 
Mayor Webster at a recent meeting of the branch strongly advocated 
that more engineers should enter public life. We are also gratified 
that an Affiliate, in the person of A. G. Graves, has been returned for 
a third term as one of the commissioners of this city. 

M one ton Branch 

M. J. Murphy, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

On the occasion of the first supper meeting of the season, held on 
December 9th, at the "Barker House", the branch was addressed by 
Geo. J. Trueman, Ph.D., president of Mount Allison University, the 
subject being "Psychology as applied to the employment of men". 
Dr. Trueman dwelt particularly on the use of psychological tests as 
an aid to the young man in the choice of a profession, and to the em- 
ployer in hiring men to work for him. The speaker prefaced his remarks 
by emphasizing the difficulty of devising tests that are a measure of 
a man's intelligence and ability, and can, at the same time, be applied 
by different examiners with little variation in results. 

In applying vocational tests, it is necessary to make a careful 
study of the various trades and professions, to see what kind of ability 
is required in their successful prosecution. What is known as the 
Barr scale, divides some 122 vocations, according to their degree of 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



39 



difficulty, into five classes. A general intelligence examination indi- 
cates the class from which the student may choose his profession. 
A further detailed study of his educational and intellectual qualifica- 
tions, his inclinations and ambitions, will point out with a considerable 
degree of accuracy, the calling to which he is best adapted. For 
instance, the engineering student should have a fondness for mathe- 
matics; he must be mentally alert, accurate, and thorough. 

Many ingenious trade tests are used by employers in selecting 
men for different kinds of work; in general, they are such as may be 
applied by any intelligent examiner, not necessarily familiar with the 
trade, and yield a rating independent of the examiner's individual 
judgment. 

Furthermore, they are rapid and usually do not require the use 
of tools. In the case of an oral examination, the examiner is supplied 
with a sheet of questions and answers, the process of rating being 
reduced to one of mere routine. Written examinations may consist 
of questions, each followed by several answers, only one of which is 
correct. This one, the applicant is supposed to underline. For an 
occupation requiring a special physical or mental qualification, such 
as dexterity, speed, steadiness, good eyesight, etc., simple tests are 
used embodying the required qualification. 

In conclusion, Dr. Trueman stated that while the construction 
and application of tests for placement purposes and vocational guidance 
are not out of the experimental stage, they are already of considerable 
value, and the prospect of a further development is hopeful. 



Merger of Combustion Engineering and 
Canadian Vickers 

A merger of far reaching significance to the engineering and 
industrial activities of Canada is apparent in the consolidation in 
Canada between Vickers Limited, and their subsidiary companies of 
Great Britain, and the Combustion Engineering Corporation Limited, 
a Canadian firm in the steam power plant field, and representing the 
Canadian interests of the International Combustion Engineering 
Corporation. 

Under the consolidation which takes effect by the formation of 
a new company, known as Vickers and Combustion Engineering Limited, 
with established offices in Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, and Vancouver, 
the entire business of the Combustion Engineering Corporation 
Limited and of its parent company, the International Combustion 
Engineering Corporation of New York, and the Canadian Sales Agency 
of Vickers Limited and their subsidiary companies, along with the 
sales of the Industrial Department of Canadian Vickers of Montreal 
comes under one executive control. 

Vickers & Combustion Engineering Limited will cover the range 
of engineering work in the Dominion, embracing steam power plants, 
by which is meant complete units, including both construction and 
equipment, hydraulic power plants, large Diesel oil engine installations, 
mining and general machinery, pulverized coal equipment, automatic 
stokers, boilers, turbines, both water and steam, oil engines and all 
types of prime movers. 

Two entirely new lines of equipment in Canada are introduced 
by this amalgamation, namely the Ruths Steam Accumulator, a Swedish 
invention, which Vickers and International have had their engineers 
investigating since early in the spring, and which is said to be of im- 
portance to all heat-using industries, and the Nordstrom Waste Wood 
Refuse Dryer, which has also been under observation and investigation 
since early in the summer. This dryer is of special importance to 
the paper and saw mill industry, and for that reason is of particular 
interest in Canada. A further new line that is added to the equipment 
offered by the amalgamated companies are electric boilers for steam 
generation, which will form an important part of its activities. 

The new company will carry on, on a more extensive scale than 
heretofore, the work done by both Canadian Vickers and Combustion 
Engineering Corporation in plant design and in contact and collabora- 
tion with consulting engineers in Canada, Great Britain and the States, 
with the underlying thought that Canadian power developments shall 
embrace the best thought and practice, both in Great Britain and 
the States. 

The new company will have associated with it the manufacturing 
plants of Canadian Vickers in Montreal and the advantages of the 
splendid manufacturing facilities of these works. It will also have 
the manufacturing facilities and association of the many large manu- 
facturing works of Vickers Limited in England, with the benefit of the 
joint engineering ability of International Combustion Engineering 
Corporation, New York, and its associated companies in London 
England, Berlin and Paris, together with the engineering experience 
of Vickers Limited, England, and its associated companies. 

The personnel of the company will be largely composed of Canadian 
engineers. The strength of the Board of the new amalgamated com- 
pany is indicated by the following make-up: — Commander Sir A. 
Trevor Dawson, Bart. R.N., Chairman; George E. Learnard, President 
of International Combustion Engineering Corporation, Vice-Chairman; 
A. J. T. Taylor, President of Combustion Engineering Corporation 
Ltd., President and Chief Executive Officer; A. R. Gillham, President 
Canadian Vickers, First Vice-President; J. V. Santry, President Com- 
bustion Engineering Corporation, New York, Vice-President; W. Hamil- 



ton Munro, Chief Hydraulic Engineer, Vickers Ltd., Barrow-in-Furness, 
Director; John Anderson, Secretary-Treasurer and Director; The 
solicitor for the company: Mr. John Jennings, K.C., Toronto; Bankers: 
Royal Bank of Canada; Auditors: Deloitte, Plender & Griffiths. 



I 
I 






ANNOUNCEMENT OF MEETINGS 



Further information may be secured from the secretaries 
of the various branches, whose addresses may be found under 
"Officers of Branches" on page 2 of The Journal. 

Winnipeg Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, P. Burke-Gaffney, A.M.E.I.C. 

Jan. 8th. Address on "Mining in Manitoba", by Prof. DeLury, 
of the University of Manitoba. 

Jan. 22nd. Address on "Manufacture and Uses of Industrial Alcohol", 
by C. D. Lill, Esq., Canadian Industrial Alcohol Com- 
pany. 

Feb. 5th. Address on "Railway Water Supply", by C. H. Fox, 
M.E.I. c, Canadian Pacific Railway Company. 

Feb. 19th. Address on "Hot Treatment of Loco. Steels, Showing 
Application of Micro Photography", by James Gilcrist, 
and A. C. Turtle, A.M.E.I.C, Canadian Pacific Railway 
Company. 

Mar. 4th. Address on "Steam Storage and Steam Accumulators", 
by A. J. T. Taylor, Combustion Engineering Corpora- 
tion, Toronto, Ont. 

Mar. 18th. Address on "New Koppers Gas Plant", by Hugh McNair, 
Winnipeg Electric Railway. 

April 1st. Address on "Central Steam Heating", by N. W. Calvert, 
and J. W. Sanger, a.m.e.i.c. 

April 15th. Address on "Application of Compressed Air to Industry", 
(Moving Picture). Ingersoll-Rand Company. 

May 6th. Annual Meeting — Report of Committees. 

London Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, E. A. Gray, A.M.E.I.C. 
Jan. 21st. Annual Dinner. Geo. Hogarth, o.L.s., m.e.i.c, Toronto, 

Ont. Address on a Subject Related to Provincial 

Highways. 
Feb. 18th. Presentation of Branch Charter, by Vice-President, 

J. B. Challies, C.E., m.e.i.c. 

St. John Branch:— 

Secretary-Treasurer, W. J. Johnston, A.M.E.I.C. 
Jan. 15th. Address by R. H. Macdonald, Vice-President, Ross and 

Macdonald, Inc., on "The Admiral Beatty Hotel". 
Feb. 19th. Address by E. G. Evans, m.e.i.c, on "The Teredo". 
Mar. 19th. Address by H. G. Acres; d.Sc, m.e.i.c, on "Deterioration 

of Turbine Runners". 
April 16th. Address by H. O. Mclnemey, K.C., on "Law of Contracts 
as it Affects Engineers". 
Details of Dates and Subjects to be announced later:— 
A visit to the Admiral Beatty Hotel, under the direction 

of John B. Stirling, a.m.e.i.c 
Illustrated Lecture, "The Mount Royal Hotel", by Walter 

J. Armstrong, m.e.i.c 
Address on "Engineering Education" by W. E. Wickenden, 
Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education. 
Address by Prof. Hammond, Poly technique Institute, 

Brooklyn, N.Y. 
A meeting during the]winter to be held at Fredericton, N.B. 

Calgary Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, G. P. F. Boese, A.M.E.I.C. 
Jan. 12th. Annual Dinner (Programme Brooks Members). 
Jan. 26th. Address by C. A. Davidson, Esq., Provincial Highway 

Engineer. 
Feb. 9th. Address by Prof. W. G. Worcester, m.e.i.c, Professor of 

Ceramics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Sask. 
Feb. 23rd. East Kootenay Power. 
Mar. 9th. Annual Meeting. 
Mar. 23rd. Prize Competition. 

Victoria Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, E. P. Girdwood, M.E.I.C- 
Jan. 14th. Address on "World Power Conference and Impressions 
of Scandinavia", by E. A. Cleveland, M.E.I.C, Comp- 
troller of Water Rights, Dept. of Lands, B.C. 
Feb. 11th. Discussion on "Bridges of British Columbia", by A. L. 
Carruthers, m.e.i.c, Dept. of Public Works, B.C. 
Address on "Grain Elevators, and Grain Elevator Con- 
struction" (illustrated), by E. F. Carter, m.e.i.c 
Feb. 19th. Address on "Manufacture of Pulp and Paper", by Robert 
Bell-Irving, a.m.e.i.c 
Address on "Dominion Drydock", by J. P. Forde, M.E.I.C 



40 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



I 
I 



CORRESPONDENCE 



— * 
1 

1 

— * 



Transportation as Related to National Development. 

The Editor, 

The Engineering Journal, 

Dear Sir: — 

In reading The Engineering Journal for December I find an interest- 
ing article by Mr. J. G. Sullivan, m.e.i.c, on "Transportation as 
related to National Development". 

In all he says I quite agree, but there is one small error in his 
table No. 2, which, without in the slightest degree, wishing to detract 
from the credit due him for so ably expressing himself on this subject, 
I may be permitted to correct. 

Construction work in Manitoba on the Canadian Pacific Railway 
began in June 1875; at the same time it was commenced at Port Arthur 
westward, also in British Columbia near the Pacific coast. 

When the "Syndicate", so-called then, took over the whole enter- 
prise from the government on May 1st, 1881, there was in Manitoba 
a length of 215 miles (approximately) of railway in operation. Viz. 

St. Boniface to Emerson 60 miles 

St. Boniface to East Selkirk 22 " 

East Selkirk to Rat Portage 114 " 

and the Stonewall Branch 18 " 

214 " 
This was being operated for the government with a mixed freight and 
passenger service under Superintendent T. J. Linskey, although, as yet, 
there was no bridge connecting St. Boniface and Winnipeg, the inten- 
tion originally being that the main line of the railway would cross the 
Red river at Selkirk. 

On May 1st, 1881, A. B. Stickney, general manager; J. M. Egan, 
superintendent; J. G. Ogden, auditor; Joel May, master mechanic; 
with General Rosser, chief engineer, arrived in Winnipeg and took over 
on behalf of the "Syndicate" all the work completed and uncompleted 
from Port Arthur westward. In 1882, Mr. Van Home succeeded 
A. B. Stickney. 

It certainly was in 1881 that "construction" started forward, 
with a rush. 

H. W. D. Armstrong, m.e.i.c. 

v The Report of the Institute Fuel Committee 

November 8th, 1924. 
The Editor, 

The Engineering Journal, 

Dear Sir: 

I have been following with interest the reports of The Institute 
Fuel Committee and have just read the full report as published in your 
issue of November. 

I am astonished to note that no reference has been made in this 
report to the use of fuel oil as a substitute for coal, particularly in so 
far as domestic heating is concerned, where anthracite coal has been 
normally used in the past. The Montreal Branch Committee went 
into this matter very fully and made a report which showed oil in 
favourable comparison with other fuels, and I cannot understand why 
the matter has been neglected entirely in the final report. It is im- 
possible to overlook the fact that in Toronto alone nearly five million 
gallons of fuel oil is being burned to-day, mainly for domestic heating. 
This means the replacement of between thirty and forty thousand 
tons of American anthracite. Many of the installations using this 
fuel oil have been in operation from four to nine years, and results 
have been unquestionably satisfactory, and the reason that they 
have been satisfactory is mainly because the oil has been burned in 
suitable equipment. 

I am sure that those of us, like myself, who are devoting the 
whole of their time and energy in an industry that is leading to the 
solution of the fuel problem, particularly in Ontario and Quebec must 
feel very keenly indeed the lack of recognition of their efforts, and 
the failure to appreciate the importance of the developments that 
are occurring. 

It is surprising to me to note, and I do so now for the first time, 
that the Fuel Committee does not appear to have a single member 
connected in any way with the fuel oil burning industry, at least in 
so far as domestic work is concerned. This, perhaps, may be an 
explanation of the situation, although this is hard to understand in 
view of the report issued by the Montreal Branch Committee. 
Yours very truly, 

Lionel Jacobs, a.m.e.i.c. 



The Editor, November 26th, 1924. 

The Engineering Journal, 
Dear Sir: 

The attention of the Fuel Committee has been drawn to a letter 
from Mr. Lionel Jacobs dated November 8th, in which he calls atten- 
tion to the fact that in their final report the Fuel Committee of The 
Institute did not discuss the question of fuel oil. On behalf of the 
Fuel Committee may I submit one or two comments. 

The main Fuel Committee attempted to deal with the problem 
of fuel for Canada as a whole, and consequently devoted the major 
portion of their attention to coal which is unquestionably the principal 
fuel for Canada either at present or the not distant future. Under 
these circumstances the Fuel Committee of The Institute felt that 
the question of fuel oil as available in the different localities should 
be dealt with by the branch fuel committees, and to that end suggested 
to them the suitability of such activity. (See page 678 November 
Journal.) As an example of the carrying out of this policy, the Montreal 
Branch Fuel Committee went very sympathetically into the question 
of fuel oil, and Mr. Jacobs calls attention to the value of their report 
thereon. 

Coming next to Mr. Jacobs' remarks about the personnel of The 
Institute's Fuel Committee, the writer would point out that in view 
of the policy above referred to it may be noted that the fuel oil interests 
were directly represented on the personnel of the Montreal Branch 
Fuel Committee. It may also be noted that tne chairman of the 
Montreal Branch Committee became the chairman of the main Com- 
mittee and was therefore in a position to transmit the views and 
opinions expressed. 

The writer trusts that the foregoing observations will make clear 
the reasons why fuel oil was not specifically mentioned in the final 
report. In closing the thanks of the Committee should be extended 
to Mr. Jacobs for his very courteous criticism and suggestion. 

On behalf of the Committee, 



J 



Very truly yours, 

Lesslie R. Thomson, m.e.i.c. 



Hydraulic Efficiency Tests 

November 24th, 1924. 
The Editor, 

The Engineering Journal, 
Dear Sir: 

The paper by W. R. Way, jr.E.i.c, in the October issue of The 
Journal was followed by a letter of discussion in the November issue 
from Mr. H. B. Muckleston, M.E.I.C. In the latter certain conclusions 
are reached based on a serious error on the part of Mr. Muckleston 
that cannot be allowed to pass without comment. 

The statement in Mr. Muckleston's letter which is incorrect in 
his application thereof is, — 

"Practically all hydrodynamic theory is based on the hypothesis 

that the kinetic energy of a stream is proportional to where 

v is the mean forward velocity." * 
No one will question this statement unless it is by way of changing 
the words "Practically all" to "much". The error in the application 
however is the assumption that the "Gibson method for measuring 
the flow of water" depends on this principle. Had Mr. Muckleston 
read Mr. Way's paper at all carefully he would have found therein 
this statement, viz. "The basic principle of this method is found in 
Newton's second law of motion, which states that 'Change of momen- 
tum is proportional to the impressed force — ' ". The method 

then depends on the first power of the velocity and any variation in 
velocity from point to point on the cross-section of the conduit in 
which the flow is being measured by the Gibson method does not 
affect the accuracy of the method at all, the principle being rigidly 
true for the actual conditions in the conduit. 

There are thus no "defects in theory" in the Gibson method, 
and the chances for systematic error of magnitude are more imaginary 
than real. The calibrations and measurements in which systematic 
errors might occur are made under laboratory conditions, and errors 
of this kind become very small. For example, three calibrations of 
the same glass tube and riser were made by the writer and another 
observer and of these one differed from the mean by one tenth of one 
per cent and two by one twentieth of one per cent. 

It is regrettable that Mr. Muckleston should not examine the 
information before him carefully before submitting a criticism so 
unjustifiable. His standing in the profession adds weight to any 
statement he might make which should, therefore, be carefully con- 
sidered before being given out. With so complete an explanation of 
the theory of the method before him, his mistake was quite inexcusable. 
Yours truly, 

J. J. Traill, a.m.e.i.c. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



41 



y 



Preliminary Notice 

of Applications for Admission and for Transfer 



December 20th, 1924. 

The By-laws now provide that the Council of the Institute shall 
approve, classify and elect candidates to membership and transfer 
from one grade of membership to a higher. 

It is also provided that there shall be issued to all corporate members 
a list of the new applicants for admission and for transfer, containing 
a concise statement of the record of each applicant and the names 
of his references. 

In order that the Council may determine justly the eligibility of 
each candidate, every member is asked to read carefully the list 
submitted herewith and to report promptly to the Secretary any facts 
which may affect the classification and election of any of the candidates. 
In cases where the professional career of an applicant is known to any 
member, such member is specially invited to make a definite recom- 
mendation as to the proper classification of the candidate.* 

If to your knowledge facts exist which are derogatory to the personal 
reputation of any applicant, should be promptly communicated. 

Communications relating to applicants are considered by 
the Council as strictly confidential. 

The Council will consider the applications herein described in 

January 1925. 

Fraser S. Keith, Secretary. 

*The professional requirements are as follows: — 
A Member shall be at least thirty-five years of age, and shall have been engaged 
in some branch of engineering for at least twelve years, which period may include 
apprenticeship or pupilage in a qualified engineer's office, or a term of instruction in 
a school of engineering recognized by the council. The term of twelve years may, 
at the discretion of the council, be reduced to ten years in the case of a candidate for 
election who has graduated from a school of engineering recognized by the council. 
In every case the candidate shall have held a position in which he had responsible 
charge for at least five years as an engineer qualified to design, direct or report on 
engineering projects. The occupancy of a chair as a professor in a faculty of applied 
science or engineering, after the candidate has attained the age of thirty years, shall 
be considered as responsible charge. 

An Associate Member shall be at least twenty-seven years of age, and shall 
have been engaged in some branch of engineering for at least six years, which period 
may include apprenticeship or pupilage in a qualified engineer's office or a term of 
instruction in a school of engineering recognized by the council. In every case a 
candidate for election shall have held a position of professional responsibility, in charge 
of work as principal or assistant, for at least two years. The occupancy of a chair 
as an assistant professor or associate professor in a faculty of applied science of engin- 
eering, after the candidate has attained the age of twenty-seven years, shall be con- 
sidered as professional responsibility. 

Every candidate who has not graduated from a school of engineering recognized 
by the council, shall be required to pass an examination before a board of examiners 
appointed by the council. The candidate shall be examined on the theory and practice 
of engineering with special reference to the branch of engineering in which he has been 
engaged. This examination may be waived at the discretion of the council if the 
candidate has held a position of professional responsibility for five or more years. 

A Junior shall be at least twenty-one years of age, and shall have been engaged 
in some branch of engineering for at least four years. This period may be reduced 
to one year, at the discretion of the council, if the candidate for election has graduated 
from a school of engineering recognized hy the council. He shall not remain in the 
class of Junior after he has attained the age of thirty-three years. 

Every candidate who has not graduated from a school of engineering recognized 
by the council, or has not passed the examinations of the first year in such a course, 
shall be required to pass an examination in the following subjects: geography, history, 
(that of Canada in particular), arithmetic, geometry, euclid (books I, IV and VI), 
trigonometry, algebra up to and including quadratic equations. 

A Student shall be at least seventeen years of age, and shall present a certificate 
of having passed successfully an examination equivalent to the final examination of a 
high school or the matriculation of an arts or science course. He shall either be 
pursuing a course of instruction in a school of engineering recognized by the council, 
in which case he shall not remain in the class of student for more than two years after 
graduation: or he shall be receiving a practical training in the profession, in which 
c ? s f k? sh. 8 " Pass an examination equal to that prescribed for admission to the grade 
of Junior in the foregoing section and he shall not remain in the class of Student after 
lie has attained the age of twenty-seven years. 

An Affiliate shall be one who is not an engineer by profession but whose pursuits, 
scientific attainments or practical experience, qualify him to co-operate with engineers 
in the advancement of professional knowledge. 



The fact that candidates give the names of certain members as references does 
not necessarily mean that their applications are endorsed by such members. 



FOR ADMISSION 

COTTER— JAMES PETER, of North Charlotte Street, Sydney, N. S. Born at 
Sherbrooke, Que., Dec. 27th, 1875; Educ, St. Charles Seminary, Sherbrooke, and 
private study. Professional studies during ap'ticeship to Ingersoll Rand; mach. shop 
practice ap'tice, 1892-93, general, 1893-1900; machine design with Can. Ingersoll Rand 
Co., foreman, 1900-1904; 1904-10, asst. works manager, Ingersoll Rand, and supt. of 
erection; 1910 to date, manager, Sydney Branch, Canadian Ingersoll-Rand Co., Sydney, 

References: W. Herd, A. P. Theuerkauf, S. C. Mifflen, A. L. Hay, G. D. Macdou- 
gall, G. Morrison, J. S. Whyte, A. Dawes. 



DA VIES— PERCY TREVOR, of Montreal, Que. Born at Newport, Mon., 
England, July 31st, 1882; Educ, gold medallist, Newport Technical Institute, 1900-03. 
Honors, City and Guilds mech. engrg., 1903; 1900-05, pupil at Uskside Engineering; 
1905-07, asst. engr., South Wales Power Distribution Co., Cardiff, Wales; 1907-17, with 
Montreal Light, Heat & Power Co., as follows: 1907, motor testing, charge outside 
meter dept., 1908, asst. operating supt., 1909-12, operating supt., 1912, asst. to chief 
engr. in charge operating and power sales, and 1912-17, asst. to chief engr. and in 
charge of all operating work, meter lines, power bldg., steam heating and power sales 
engr; 1917 to date, commercial manager, Southern Canada Power Company, Montreal. 

References: J. B. Woodyatt, L. H. Marrotte, C. V. Christie, J. H. Trimingham, 
J. B. Challies, J. M. Robertson, E. Brown, L. A. Herdt. 

DWYER— MICHAEL, of Sydney Mines, N.S. Born at Parkstown, Ireland, 
Feb. 4th, 1877; Educ, night classes and eorr. course; six years machine shop and dfting; 
two years laboratory work in connection with open hearth practice; 1902-22, with the 
Nova Scotia Steel & Coal Co. Ltd., as follows: 1902-03, chief dftsman., 1903-13, master 
mechanic, 1913-15, asst. mgr., collieries, coke ovens and wash plant, 1915-20, mech. 
supt., 1920-22, asst. works supt. ; At present president and general manager in direct 
charge of operations, Indian Cove Coal Co. Ltd., Sydney Mines, N. S. 

References: J. Purves, A. Dawes, H. Longley, D. H. McDougall, A. R. Chambers, 
J. S. Whyte. 

GODFREY— ALBERT EARL, of 1175-llth Ave., West, Vancouver, B.C. Born 
at Killarney, Man., August 1890; Educ, public and high school, Vancouver, mech. 
engrg.; Aug. 1916, commissioned as an officer R.F.C. Promoted Capt. and Flight 
Commander, Aug. 1917. Promoted Major, Aug. 1918. Appointed to command 
No. 123 Squadron, Sept. 1918. Demobilized, Sept. 1919. Appointed Squadron 
Leader, R.C.A.F., and to command R.C.A.F. Station, Camp Borden, May 1922. 
Appointed to command R.C.A.F. Station, Ottawa, July 1922. Nov. 1922 to date. 
Commanding R.C.A.F. Station, Vancouver, B.C. 

References: A. G. L. McNaughton, D. C. M. Hume, A. Ferrier, J. A. Wilson, 
E. Forde. 

GRAHAME— DALLAS FORREST, of Westmount, Que. Born at Lachine, 
Que. July 10th, 1885; Educ, B.Sc. McGill Univ. 1910. 1912-15, inspector of power 
plants, C.P.R.; 1915-17, asst. to director, heat, light and power, Ontario Govt.; 
1917-20, chief engr., Dept. S.C.R., Ottawa; 1920-23, chiet engr., Underfeed Stoker Co. 
of Canada; 1924, designer, Sanford Riley Stoker Co., Worcester, Mass.; At, present, 
supervisor of buildings, Bell Telephone Company of Canada, Montreal. Also acting 
in consulting capacity for engrg. dept. on heating plants for new buildings. 

References: H. J. G. McLean, I. J. Tait, F. A. Combe, W. Taylor Bailey, R. E. 
Cleaton, J. A. Shaw, N. F. Parkinson, H. S. Johnston. 

KEANE— JEFFERY FRANCIS, of 1303 Bank of Hamilton Building, Toronto, 
Ont. Born at Ithaca, N.Y., June 19th, 1891; Educ, two years, engrg., Cornell Univ. 
1910-11; Private study; 1912-16, two years, topographic and hydrostatic survey, 
Toronto Harbour Commn., one year, engrg., gen. and constrn., Grub & Harries, 
Toronto; one year, inspr. on steel and concrete constrn., Canadian Kodak Co., Toronto; 
Jan. 1916-Mar. 1917, asst. res. engr., Toronto, Harbour Commn.; Mar. 1917-Jan. 
1918, asst. engr., Canadian Stewart Co., Toronto, Toronto Harbour contracts; 1918, 
mech.'!. dfting., Dunlop Tire Co. & Goodyear Tire Co., Toronto; 1919-22, asst. dis- 
trict mgr. and chief inspr., R. W. Hunt & Co., Toronto; Nov. 1922 to date, district 
manager, with headquarters at Toronto, for R. W. Hunt & Co., Toronto. 

References: G. P. MacLaren, E. L. Cousins, A. L. Harkness, G. L. Berkley, C. G. 
Ericson, N. D. Wilson, R. S. C. Bothwell. 

MACKINNON— JOHN GEORGE, of 79 Portledge Avenue, Moncton, N.B. 
Born at Underwood, Bruce Co., Ont., Oct. 19th, 1884; Educ, Grad. in Civil Engrg., 
S.P.S., Toronto, 1909. Fellow in drawing S.P.S., 1910-11; 1904, rodman, Guelph & 
Goderich Rly.; 1905-06, rodman and instr'man., James Bay Rly.; 1907, instr'man., 
Temiskaming & Nor. Ont. Rly.; 1908, rodman, roadways dept., City of Toronto; 
1909, inspr. and foreman, asphalt paving, Board of Works, Toronto; 1911, dftsman., 
Can. Nor. Rly. (Yellowhead Pass); 1911-12, transitman and locating engr., Can. Nor. 
Rly. (Yellowhead Pass) ; 1912-13-14, res. engr. on constrn., Can. Nor. Rly., Yellowhead 
Pass; 1915-16, private practice, civil engr., Stettler, Alta. ; Also retained by Dept. of 
Public Works, Govt, of Alta., as roadway engr. for constituencies of Stettler and Coro- 
nation; 1916-19, engr., lieut., "D" Co., 3rd Battn., C.R.T. (France) under Major Jas. 
McGregor, M.E.I.C.; At present, engr. and asst. to the bldg. supt., T. Eaton Co., 
Moncton, N.B. 

References: J. McGregor, A. G. Lefebvre, R. J. Marshall, H. T. Routly, S. H. 
Sykes, F. V. Seibert, G. G. Powell, J. G. Dryden, M. J. Murphy. 

McDONALD— DANIEL WILLIAM, of 27 Tain Street, Sydney, N.S. Born at 
Big Brns d'Or, N.S., Dec. 6th, 1876; Educ, I.C.S. locomotive engrg., 1895-96. Can. 
Corr. Sch. Stat'y. engrg., 1909-10. Prov. Cert, of Competency, stat'y. engrg., 1911. 
Technical night School; Mach. ap'tice with International Coal Co. to 1894, and loco- 
motive fireman, 1894-96; 1S96-1919, locomotive engr., 1919-23, asst. supt., and 1923 
to date, gen. supt., Sydney and Louisburg Rly., Sydney, N.S. 

References: K. H. Marsh, D. H. McDougall, S. C. Mifflen, A. L. Hay, G. D. Mac- 
dougall, A. Dawes, W. C. Risley, J. H. Fraser. 

McHUGH— FREDERICK JOSEPH, of 65 Riverside Drive, Lachine, Que. Born 
at Dorval, Que., July 23rd, 1889; Educ, Evening classes, Montreal Tech. High, and 
Dominion Bridge Company classes (three years); 1905-12, dftsman., Dom. Bridge Co., 
one year in mech. dept., checking; 1912-20, checking detail drawings, Dom. Bridge 
Co.; 1920 to 1923, squad leader, and six months to date, asst. chief dftsman., Dom. 
Bridge Co., Lachine, Que. 

References: L. R. Wilson, F. Newell, D. C. Tennant, F. P. Shearwood, A. Peden, 
J. P. Pic.he, J. E. Bertrand, A. R. Dulresne. 

OSLER— STRATTON HARRY, of Ottawa, Ont. Born at Cobourg, Ont., Oct. 
18th, 1882; Educ, Grad. with honours, R.M.C., 1903; B.Sc, McGill Univ. 1904; 
1904-10, map work, field and office, survey divn., Dept. Militia and Defence; 1911, 
engr. work in connection with constrn. and mtce. Halifax defences, and 1912-13, in 
charge of above work; 1915-19, overseas. Colonel, Can. Engrs.; 1913-14, and 1920-24, 
asst. director, Engineer Services, Headquarters, Dept. Militia and Defence, Ottawa. 
Colonel, Royal Can. Engrs. 

References: A. C. Caldwell, A. P. Deroche, J. D. Craig, H. L. Trotter, C. E. W. 
Dodwell. A. G. L. McNaughton, H. F. H. Hertzberg. 



42 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



STOKES — PERCY FRANK, of 1910, Viau Avenue, Montreal, Que. Born at 
Bedford, England, August 20th, 1S90; Educ, Rugby Evening Tech. Sch., mech. engrg., 
1919-20, Goldsmiths College, London, mech., engrg.; 1906-11, ap'ticeship. in engrg. 
shops and drawing office, W. Hallen Son & Co., Bedford, England; 1911-14, 2 years 
dftsman. on design of steam turbines, condensing plants and diesel engines, 1 year as 
senior dftsman., Williams & Robinson, Rugby, England; 1914-19, Imperial Army. 
3 years staff instructor of signalling and telephony, southern army and 23rd Army 
Corps; 1919-20, with English Electric Co., London, England, having charge of layout 
and general design of 10,000 k.w. turbo generator plant with auxiliaries, for Blackburn 
Corpn., England; 1920-21, on design, testing, and erection of semi-diesel crude oil 
engines up to 450 B.H.P. capacity for Messrs. Vickers-Petters, England; 1922-24, 
asst. in charge of industrial drawing office on constrn. of grain elevator, pulp mill, and 
mining machinery, etc., for Canadian Viekers, Limited, Montreal, Que. 

References: E. S. Mattice, L. C. Hill, A. Dawes, R. Ramsay, G. Agar, A.'.W. K. 
Massey. 

THOMSON— OSCAR ROLAND, of Belleville, Ont. Born at Blenheim, Ont. 
March 10th, 1882; Educ, B.A.Sc. Univ. of Toronto, 1907. Post grad. work 1908; 
1901-02, Algoma Steel Co.; 1903-04. Snoqualie Falls & White River Power Co.; 
Tacoma, Wash.; 1904-08-09, city of Washington; 1905-06-07 (vacations), with Ontario 
Power Co. & Elec. Development Co., Niagara Falls, Ont.; 1910, engaged by Smith 
Kerry & Chace as one of their engrs. on constrn. of transmission lines and distributing 
stations of the Electric Power Com. of Ontario. In 1911, on completion of constrn. 
work, transferred to operating dept. of same organization and continued to the present 
in that capacity. 1911-16, with the Electric Power Co. in charge of operation and 
maintenance, and in 1916, when the H.E.P.C. of Ontario bought out the Electric Power 
Company, continued the above position with what is now known as the Central Ontario 
Region of the H.E.P.C. of Ontario. 

References: H. O. Fisk, A. H. Munro, J. Mackintosh, A. L. Killaly, R. B. Rogers. 

WYMAN— HUGH KENNEDY, of St. Narcisse, Que. Born at Essex, Ont., 
Oct. 5th, 1890; Educ, B.A.Sc, Univ. of Toronto, 1915; 1911-12, Can. Gen. Elec. Co., 
test courses; 1913-14, switchboard engr. on factory engrg. and preparation of estimates; 
1915-19, overseas; 1919-20, with Can. Gen. Elec. Co., Toronto, as engr. on proposals 
for induction motors and industrial control; 1920 to date, master mechanic in charge 
of elect'l. and mech. work with the Shawinigan Engineering Company, for Shawinigan 
Water & Power Company at Shawinigan Falls and La Gabelle. 

References: S. Svenningson, C. S. Saunders, J. A. McCrory, A. S. Runciman, G. 
R. Langley, A. B. Gates, W. A. Bucke, L. DeW. Magie. 

FOR TRANSFER FROM CLASS OF ASSOCIATE MEMBER TO MEMBER 

BUNNELL— ARTHUR EDWARD KENNEDY, of Toronto, Ont. Born at 
Brantford, Ont., Jan. 21st, 1886; Educ, B.A.Sc. Univ. of Toronto, 1907; 1906 (4 mos.), 
divn. engr's. office, G.T.R., Montreal; Summers 1905 and 1907, citv engr's. office, 
Brantford, Ont.; 1907-09, asst. engr. mtce., divn. engr's. office, G.T.R., Toronto; 
1910, res. engr. on sewer and water install'n. at Estevan and Weyburn, Sask., for 
Messrs. Chipman & Power; 1911-12, asst. engr., city of Toronto, Dept. of Works; 
1912-13, asst. engr. in charge of location and constrn., Lake Erie & Northern Rly.; 
1914, engr. in charge of surveys and development of engrg. data on which plan studies 
were based, Federal Plan Commission of Ottawa and Hull; 1915, asst. engr. in develop- 
ment of report on city transit and radial entrances, Civic Transportation Commission, 
Toronto, 1916-18, Imperial Munitions Board, Toronto; asst. mgr., shell production 
dept., Ontario District; 1918-19, office mgr., ordnance dept., Standard Sanitary Mfg. 
Co.; 1920, managing engr., Toronto Civic Guild; 1921 to date, private practice, since 
1923 in partnership with N.D. Wilson as Wilson & Bunnell, Toronto, transportation 
and town planning engrs. 

References: E. L. Cousins, J. R. W. Ambrose, F. A. Gaby, F. A. Dallyn, D. W. 
Harvey, E. G. Hewson, T. D. LeMay. 

CHRISTIE— CLARENCE VICTOR, of 37 Holton Avenue. Wcstmount, Que. 
Born at Couva, Trinidad. B. W. L, Feb. 2nd, 1882; Educ, M. A. Dalhousie Univ. 
1902. B.Sc, McGill Univ. 1906; 1907-08, lecturer, 1908-12, asst. professor, elect'l. 
engrg. 1912-24, associate professor elect'l. engrg., McGill University, Montreal, and 
1918-24 consulting engineer, Shawinigan Water & Power Company, Montreal. 

References: L. A. Herdt, G. R. MacLeod, E. Brown, F. B. Brown, J. L. Busfield, 
P. S. Gregory. 

GREGORY— PHILIP STANCLIFFE, of Montreal, Que. Born at Fredericton, 
N.B. July 25th, 1888; Educ, B.Sc, McGill Univ., 1911; 1911-12, Canadian Westing- 
house Company; 1912-14, Montreal Tramways Co.; 1914-16, chief dftsman in charge 
of designing underground conduit system. Electrical Service Commn., City of Montreal: 
1916-18, special engr. for city of Montreal in charge of constrn. underground lighting 
system; 1918 to date, elec't. engr. and at present asst. to vice-president, Shawinigan 
Water & Power Co., Montreal, Que. 

References: J. C. Smith, L. A. Herdt, G. R. MacLeod, J. L. Busfield, O. O. Lefeb- 
vre, de G. Beaubien, J. B. Challie ,F. B. Brown, C. V. Christie. 

HUGHES— HENRY THORESBY, Brig-Gen. C.M.G., D.S.O., of East Saawich 
Road, Victoria, B.C. Born at Exeter, England, May 1st, 1870; Educ, Articled to 
Messrs. Alexander & Gibson, London. Polytechnic student; 1893-1900, engr., 
location, constrn. and mtce., C.P.R.; 1900-03, asst. to chief engr., Quebec & Lake St. 
John & Great Northern Rly.; 1903-04, private practice in Quebec City; Commissioner 
in R.C.E. July 1st, 1904 to date: 1911, Camp engr., Valcartier; 1919 to date, chief 
engineer, Canadian Battle6elds Memorial Commission, France and Belgium. 

References: C. H. Mitchell, A. E. Doucet, A. G. L. McNaughton, C. Caldwell, 
A. Macphail. 



HUNT— WILLIAM HENRY, of Edmonton, Alta. Born at Blackpool, England, 
June 21st, 1883; Educ, High School; 1903-05, topog'r., dftsman., leveller and transit- 
man, govt, and rly., surveys; 1907-09, res. engr. on constrn., 1910-11, res. engr. in 
charge constrn. of Wolf Creek and Mcleod River Bridges. 191 2-13, asst. and office engr.. 
Grand Trunk Pacific Rly.; 1914, private practice, extended reconnaissance survey, 
Northern Alberta, in interests of late Lord Rhondda; 1915-19, overseas. Royal Engrs., 
France and Russia, Major, M.C ; 1920-21, private practice, survey work in British 
West Indies; 1922-24, res. engr.. Gold Coast Harbours, on constrn. Takoradi Harbour, 
British West Africa; Sept. 1924 to date, sectional engr., Takoradi Harbour, British 
West Africa, with Sir Robert McAlpine and Sons. 

References: B. B. Kelliher, M. Murphy, C. Ewart, W. S. Fetherstonhaugh, R. J. 
Gibb, R. W. Jones, W. E. Davis, J. R. Grant, J. Callaghan. 

SMITHER— WILLIAM JAMES, of Toronto, Ont. Born at St. Thomas, Ont. 
Nov. 29th, 1880; Educ, B.A.Sc. Univ. of Toronto, 1905; 1903-05 (summers), testing 
dept.. General Electric Co., Schenectady. N.Y.; 1905-08, supervising engr. on constrn., 
Abner Doble Co., Engineers, San Francisco, Cal.; 1908-11, confined to bed due to 
accident; 1911 to date, Faculty of Applied Science, University of Toronto, as follows: 
1911-15, demonstrator in charge of senior work in struct'l. design; 1915-21, lecturer in 
structural engineering; 1921 to date, asst. professor in structural engineering. Also 
private practice as consulting engineer in design and constrn. of reinforced concrete, 
steel and timber bldgs., etc. 

References: C. R. Young, P. Gillespie, J. R. Cockburn, T. R. Loudon, H. E. T. 
Haultain. 

WILSON— NORMAN DOUGLAS, of Toronto, Ont. Born at Toronto, August 
26th, 1883; Educ, B.A.Sc, 1904, C.E. 1923, Univ. of Toronto; D.L.S. 1909, O.L.S. 
1910; 1902, surveyor's asst.; 1903, dftsman., Dominion Bridge Co., Montreal; 1904- 
05, dftsman., Toronto Niagara Power Co.; 1905, rodman, C.P.R.; 1905-06, instr'man 
on rly. constrn.; 1907, instr'man, on rly. location for city of Toronto; 1907 (Apr. -Nov.), 
res. engr. on constrn., C.P.R., east from Saskatoon; 1907-08, asst. to John Waldron, 
D.L.S. ; 1908-10, partner, Gardner & Wilson, engrs. and surveyors, Niagara Falls, Ont.; 
1910-12, private practice, Ontario land surveyor, Toronto, including during 1911, 
survey of Falls of Niagara for International Waterways Commission (Can. Section); 
Feb. 1912 to May 1923, engr. of surveys and lands, Toronto Harbour Commission, 
1915 (June-Nov.), asst. engr., Civic Transportation Committee, Toronto, on analysis 
of traffic conditions, and location of radial rly. entrances, Nov. 1920 to Aug. 1921, prin- 
cipal asst. to P. H. Lazenby, consltg. engr., New York, on report to Toronto Tians- 
portation Commission, prelim, to taking over and co-ordinating Toronto Rly. Co. 
and the Civic Rly., Sept. 1921 to date (part time), engr. on traffic study, Toronto Trans- 
portation Commission; May 1923 to date, private practice, Wilson & Bunnell, trans- 
portation and town planning engrs., Toronto. At present in Mexico City for the 
Mexico Tramways Co., reporting on necessary extensions, rerouting and general better- 
ment of service in that city. 

References: E. L. Cousins, F. A. Gaby, E. G. Hewson, T. D. LeMay, G. A. McCar- 
thy, A. C. Oxley, C. R. Young, D. W. Harvey. 

FOR TRANSFER FROM CLASS OF JUNIOR TO HIGHER GRADE 

FORD— ROBERT, of Timiskaming, Que. Born at Chatham, N.B., Dec. 16th, 
1894; Educ, B.Sc, McGill Univ. 1922; 1916-1919, overseas, C.F.A.; Summers: 1919, 
instr'man., geol. survey, Dom. Govt.; 1920-21, actuarial clerk, Dom. Govt.; 1922-23, 
asst. constrn. and mtce engr., Riordon Pulp Co. Ltd., and 1923 to date, engr. in charge 
barking plant, wood room and log yard. 

References: W. L. Ketchen, A. K. Grimmer, J. G. MacLaurin, E. S. M. Lovelace. 
C. M. McKergow. 

HARRISON— RONALD, of Kingston Road, Birch Clih P. O., Ont., Born at 
Toronto, Jan. 15th, 1897; Educ, B.A.Sc. Univ. of Toronto, 1920; Lieut. Cert. Can. 
Militia, C.O.T.C.; 1915 (summer), traffic data, Toronto Harbour Commission; 1916- 
18, overseas, Can. Engrs.; 1918 (summer) ; dftsman and checker, Canadian Aeroplanes 
Limited, Toronto; 1919 (summer) and 1920-22, dftsman., H.E.P.C. of Ontario; May 
1922, traffic study dept. .Toronto Transportation Commission; June 1922, city arch'ts. 
dept., Toronto; 1922-23, res. engr. Thessalon Power Development and Trenton Water 
Works, for James Procter & Redfern Ltd., Toronto; April 1923 to date, engr. and 
supt., Searboro Township Waterworks System. 

References: E. M. Proctor, E. A. James, W. Harland, O. Holden, T.. L. Campbell. 

FOR TRANSFER FROM CLASS OF STUDENT TO HIGHER GRADE 

REID— ANTHONY MEREDITH, of 5 Basset Street, Montreal, Que. Born at 
Uxbridge, Ont., Dec. 24th, 1894; Educ, B.A.Sc Univ. of Toronto 1923; 1915-19, 
overseas, Can. Engrs., Capt. M.C.; Summers: 1920, rodman, etc, Kerry & Chace, 
Toronto; 1921, rodman. dftsman., municipal work, Barber, Wynne-Roberts & Seymour, 
and 1922, as above with Frank Barber & Associates; May 1923 to July 1924, student 
engr., constrn. supervisor, Bell Telephone Co., Toronto; Aug. 1924 to date, on staff of 
outside plant engr., engrg. dept., Bell Telephone Company, Montreal. 

References: A. Macphail, A. L. Mudge, H. L. Seymour, A. M. Mackenzie, C. H. 
Mitchell, R. O. Wynne-Roberts. 

TAYLOR— FRANK HAROLD, of 43 S. 13th, Street, Allentown, Pa., U.S.A. 
Born at Toronto, Ont., Aug. 11th, 1896; Educ, B.A.Sc. Univ. of Toronto, 1921; Two 
years Royal Flying Corps-Capt. and Flight Commander, awarded M.C. ;1920 (summer), 
dfting and Survey, C. P. R., Toronto; 1922 (summer), detailer, Llewellyn Iron Works, 
Los Angeles, Cal.; Sessions 1921-22 and 1922-23, instructor in structural design, Univ. 
of Toronto; 1923-24, designer and estimator, Lehign Structural Steel Co., Allentown. 
Pa. 

References: W. J. Smither, C. R. Young, P. Gillespie. 

TOMKINS — JOHN, of Timiskaming, Que. Born at London, England, Aug. 
16th, 1894; Educ, B.Sc. Queen's Univ., 1923; 1915-16, estimator and salesman, wood- 
working factory and contractors supplies; 1916-19, overseas. R.N.A.S. and R.A.F. ; 
Summers: 1920, estimator and salesman, contractors supplies, 1921, geodetic survey, 
1922, designing and drawing of all plans and details for Queen's Univ. skating rink; 
1923-24, constrn. engr. and asst to chief engr. in charge of all new constrn. and rebldg., 
Howard Smith Paper Mills, Ltd.; Sept. 1924 to date, constrn. engr., Riordon Pulp 
Corporation, Ltd., Timiskaming, Que. 

References: W. P. Wilgar, I,. T. Rutledge, E. G. M. Busso, J. G. MacLaurin, A. 

Macphail. 



January. 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



Engineering Index 

This Index is prepared by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 

In this department will be published from month to month the titles of current engineering papers with the authors 

and source and a brief extract of the more important. It is designed to give the members 

of The Institute a survey of all important articles relating to every branch of 

engineering profession. 



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AERODYNAMICS 

Resistance of Bodies to Air. Law of Variation of Coefficient of Resistance to Air 
of Some Bodies (Sur la loi de variation du coefficient de resistance de l'air pour 
quelques corps), L. Marchis. Bui. Technique du Bureau Veritas, vol. 6, no. 6, 
June 1924, pp. 109-114, 6 figs. Reynolds number in aerodynamics; geometric 
form of bodies; resistance of cylinders, spheres, ellipsoides, circular disks, 
and other bodies. 

AIR COMPRESSORS 

Diesel-Engine. Diesel-Engine Air Compressors, Rob. Melrose. Power, vol. 60, 
no. 21, Nov. 18, 1924, pp. 800-801, 1 fig. Common troubles and symptoms 
that precede them. 

AIR PUMPS 

Contraflo Reciprocating. Contraflo Reciprocating Air Pumps; Empire Exhibi- 
tion. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3069, Oct. 24, 1924, p. 573, 2 figs. Con- 
structed by Vickers and specially designed for marine use, but can be applied 
to land installations where conditions are suitable. 

AIRPLANES 

A-l. Wind Tunnel Test of the A-l (Ambulance) Airplane, A. L. Morse. Air Service 
Information Circular, vol. 5, no. 463, May 1, 1924, 13 pp., 26 figs. Results 
of tests made in 4-ft. and 7H-ft. wind tunnel at Mass. Inst. Technology on 
A-I airplane, a single Liberty-motored single-bay biplane of diagonally braced 
lower-wing, stub type, to determine aerodynamic characteristics. 

Metal. Production Airplanes of Metal, E. B. Cams. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, 
mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 733-738, 12 figs. Describes construction of air- 
plane which author claims to be a production proposition; type best suited 
to this is stated to be biplane, and metal the most suitable material of which 
to make it; covers whole construction of airplane, together with cost of its 
production in lots of from 1 to 10; gives lists of things to do and to avoid in 
constructing metal airplanes and explanation of methods used in making 
fittings and certain parts. 

Scale Effect. The Work of the Aeronautical Research Committee's Panel on 
Scale Effect, W. S. Farren. Roy. Aeronautical Soc. — .11., vol. 28, no. 164, 
Aug. 1924, pp. 526-544 and (discussion) 544-550, 14 figs. Discusses design 
panel of Aerodynamics Sub-Committee; plan underlying work from 1918 to 
1924 and results. 

Yawing Moment, Induced. A new Relation between the Induced Yawing Moment 
and the Rolling Moment of an Airfoil in Straight Motion, M. M. Munk. Nat. 
Advisory Committee for Aeronautics — Report, no. 197, 1924, 5 pp., 1 fig. Com- 
putation of induced yawing moment which is said to be greatest part of entire 
yawing moment encountered by wings. 

AIRSHIPS 
Pressure Distribution over Ellipsoid Surface. Remarks on the Pressure 
Distribution over the Surface of an Ellipsoid, Moving Translationally through 
a Perfect Fluid, M. M. Funk. Nat. Advisory Committee for Aeronautics — 
Tech. Notes, no. 196, June 1924, 8 figs. Describes easy and convenient way to 
determine magnitude of velocity and of pressure at each point of surface of 
ellipsoid of rotation; knowledge of such pressure distribution is of great practical 
value for airship designer. 

ALIGNMENT CHARTS 
Construction. Graphic Charts for Calculating (Graphische Rechentafeln), H. 
Pflieger-Haertel. Dinglers Polytechnisches Jl., vol. 339, no. 16, Aug. 1924, 
pp. 151-154, 8 figs. Discusses Cartesian and general alignment charts and 
their construction and application. 

43 



ALLOYS 

Aluminum. See Aluminum Alloys. 

Iron. See Iron Alloys. 

Wnite Metals. Analysis of White Metals (Analisi dei metalli bianchi), A. Trucco 
Metallurgia Italiana, vol. 16, no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 378-388, 3 figs. Discusses 
metals with high and medium lead content, and with antimony and tin base, 
and methods for determining constituents. 

ALUMINUM 
Metallurgy. The Metallurgy of Aluminum, F. A. Livermore. Foundry Trade 
Jl., vol. 30, nos. 417, 419, 420, 423 and 425, Aug. 14, 18, Sent. 4, 25 and Oct 
2, 1924, pp. 163-166, 187-189, 205-206, 265-267 and 311-313, 13 figs. Occurrence- 
natural compounds, including bauxite, cryolite, corundum, aluminum sulphate, 
etc.; chemical and electrochemical methods of production; physical and chem- 
ical properties; alloys; care of crucibles; melting conditions and melting furnaces. 
Protective Coatings for. Protective Coatings for Aluminum, C. Commentz 
Chem. & Met. Eng., vol. 31, no. 18, Nov. 3, 1924, p. 698, 1 fig. Describes 
two new electrical methods developed in Germany for providing aluminum 
articles with anti-corrosion oxide coatings. 

AMMONIA 
Synthetic. Synthetic Ammonia Production in Coke Oven and Gas Works Gas 
Engr., vol. 40, nos. 578 and 581, June and Sept. 1924, pp. 120-121 and 190-191. 
Discusses increased demand for fertilizers, Claude and Haber-Bosch processes, 
consumption of current, large power requirements, carbon monoxide and 
steam and use of spathic iron ore. 

AMMONIA COMPRESSORS 

Bernat System. A French Ammonia Compressor. Cold Storage, vol. 27, no. 319, 
Oct. 16, 1924, po. 423-424, 1 fig. Design and operation of a new compressor, 
Bernat system. Can attain speed of 1200 to 2000 r.p.m. 

Flywheels. The Flywheel Problem in Compressors Direct Connected to Syn- 
chronous Motois, A. R. Stevenson, Jr. Refrig. Eng., vol. 11, no. 4, Oct. 1924, 
pp. 123-140 and (discussion) 140-142, 23 figs. Discussion of reasons for 
limiting current pulsation of synchronous motors driving ammonia compres- 
sors; brief outline of history of the various methods of calculating flywheels; 
discussion of a set of curves used since November, 1921, for rapid and accurate 
calculation of flywheels. Am. Soc. Refrig. Engrs. specifications covering 
design of synchronous motors for direct connection to ammonia compressors. 

ANTIMONY 
Ore Concentration. The Lake George Antimony Ores and their Concentration, 
C. S. Parsons. Can. Min. Jl., vol. 45, no. 40, Oct. 3, 1924, pp. 984-985. His- 
tory, geology, concentration, and flotation; tests. 

ARCHES 

Symmetrical Concrete. Design of Symmetrical Concrete Arches, Chas. S. Whit- 
ney. Am. Soc. Civ. Engrs. — Proc, vol. 50, no. 9, Nov. 1924, pp. 1327-1425, 
56 figs. Gives method of analysis believed to be considerably simpler than 
any accurate method of applying elastic theory to symmetrical arches here- 
tofore published; results given by tables and diagrams may be used for final 
design since they are as accurate as can be obtained by any other method of 
applying elastic theory. 

ASPHALT 

Roofing, Specifications. United States Government Master Specification for As- 
phalt for Unsurfaced Built-Up Roofing. U. S. Bur. Standards — Circular, 
no. 168, July 7, 1924, 10 pp., 3 figs. Specifications for grades, material and 
workmanship, requirements, methods of inspection, packing and marking, etc. 

AUTOMOBILE ENGINES 
Crankcase-Oil Dilution. Determination of Dilution of Crank-Case Oil, H. H. 
Knoch, P. A. Crosby and R. R. Matthews. Indus. & Eng. Chem., vol. 16, 
no. 11, Nov. 1924, p. 1153. Shows results of using vacuum distillation as 
method of determination. 

AUTOMOBILE FUELS 

Theory. Theory of Fuels for Internal-Combustion Engines (Zur Theorie der Brenn- 
stoffe fur die Brennkraftmaschinen), M. Brutzkus. Brennstoff-u. Warme- 
wirtschaft, vol. 6, nos. 6, 7 and 8, June, July and Aug., 1924, pp. 129-138, 
154-160 and 181-185, 1 fig. Discusses theory of combustion at variable pres- 
sure, calculation of variability, volume changes, heat of combustion, etc., of 
various liquid and gaseous fuels, most important technical fuels; theory and 
practice. 

AUTOMOBILES 

Shock Absorbers. Making Shock Absorber Parts for Light Cars. Can Machy 
vol. 32, no. 16, Oct. 16, 1924, pp. 19-20 and 42, 4 figs. Metal working opera- 
tions at Hamilton, Ont., dant of Hassler Co. Spiral telescoping spring used 
is made from chrome vanadium steel 7-16-in. hot rod, wire drawn to a diameter 
of 25-64 in. 

Shock-Absorbing Devices. Autocar, vol. 53, no. 1511, Oct. 3, 1924, 
pp. 587-589, 19 figs. Consideration of some of the various types of mechanism 
used to damp vibration of springs. 

AVIATION 
Developments, Canada. Further Notes on Aviation in Canada, C. W. Stedman. 

Roy. Aeronautical Soc. — Jl., vol. 28, no. 165, Sept. 1924, pp. 585-594, 8 figs. 

New fields of work; progress of research. 
Tires. See Tires, Rubber. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



B 



BAROMETERS 
Standard. A Standard Barometer of New Design, T. H. Laby. Jl. Sei. Instru- 
ments, vol. 1, no. 11, Aug. 1924, pp. 342-345, 1 fig. Describes barometer in 
which distance between mercury surfaces is measured by means of equivalent 
of 30-in. steel screw micrometer; design eliminates cathetometer usually used 
with such instruments, and difficulties and errors of reading mercury surfaces 
enclosed in glass tubes. 

BEARINGS, ROLLER 
Railway Journal Boxes. Standardization of Journal Boxes with Roller Bearings 
for Railway Cars (Xormung von Achsbuchsen mit Rollenlagern von Schienen- 
fahrzeugeu), O. R. Wikander. Zeit. des Vereines deutscher Ingenieure, vol. 
68, no. 19, May 10, 1924, pp. 474-475, 3 figs. Reasons for installation of 
only one roller bearing in railway journal boxes; advantages of journal-box 
standardization for simple determination of suitable roller bearing, based on 
proposed international standard dimensions and tolerances of roller bearings. 

BELTING 
Leather. Chrome Leather for Belts, L. Balderston. Am. Leather Chemists Assn. 
— Jl.. vol. 19, no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 521-525 and (discussion) 525-527. Dis- 
cusses chrome belts and divergent views as to their keeping quality, some 
behaving as well as oak belts, others failing. Question of free H2SC4. 

BLAST FURNACES 
Practice. Blast Furnace Practice in Birmingham District, R. H. Ledbetter. Iron 
Age, vol. 114, no. 18, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 1128-1130. Number of furnaces 
and their features; cleaning gas; Bessemer iron from scrap. (Abstract.) 
Paper read before Am. Iron & Steel Inst. 

BOILER FEEDWATER 

Foaming. Foaming of Boiler Water, C. W. Foulk. Indus. & Eng. Chem., vol. 
16, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 1121-1125. Advances theory according to which 
soluble salts in water, by creating difference in concentration between surface 
and mass of liquid, make possible formation of films; experiments with various 
mixtures in flasks showed no exceptions to this theory. 

Treatment. The Scientific Treatment of Boiler-Water, Introducing the Colloidal 
Aspect, H. W. Bannister. North of England Inst. Min. & Mech. Engrs. — 
Trans., vol. 74, part 4, June 1924, pp. 113-120. Discusses problems and 
suggests remedies in treatment of feedwater; application of principles of colloid 
chemistry to feedwater treatment. 

Water Treatment for Continuous Steam Production, R. E. Hall. Mech. 
Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 810-817, 13 figs. Particulars 
regarding investigation in which water treatment is considered in its relation 
to prevention of scale formation, corrosion, control, delivery of dry steam, and 
maintenance of minimum blow-down. 

BOILER FIRING 
Pulverize d-Coal. See Pulverized Coal, Boiler Firing. 

BOILER FURNACES 

Ant Preheaters. The Preheating of Combustion Air, W. H. Badger. S. African 
Inst. Elec. Engrs. — Trans., vol. 15, part 8, Aug. 1924, pp. 437-438. Dis- 
cussion of paper by J. B. Bullock. 

Ash-Softening Temperatures of Coal. Ash-Softening Temperatures and Clinker- 
ing of Coals in a Boiler Furnace, J. F. Barkley. U. S. Bur. Mines — Reports 
of Investigations, no. 2630, Aug. 1924, 3 pp. Comparison of ash-softening 
temperature of each coal, with clinkering tendencies of coal when burned in 
furnace; tabulation of proximate analyses, ash-softening temperatures and 
plant reports as to clinkering. 

Developments. Stokers and Furnaces. Combustion, vol. 11, no. 5, Nov. 1924, 
pp. 372-377, 8 figs. Furnace developments; air heaters; mixing of gases in 
boiler furnaces; water-cooled furnace walls; test results of Hell Gate radiant 
tube boilers; furnace construction; characteristics of Eastern firebrick (Ab- 
stract.) 1924 report of Prime Mover Committee of Nat. Elec. Light Assn. 

Dutch Ovens for Bagasse. Dutch Ovens for Pagasse, J. O. Frazier Power 
vol. 60, no. 18, Oct. 28, 1924, pp. 682-683, 3 figs. Practical experiences with 
three types of settings; Dutch oven with auxiliary combustion chamber gave 
best results; formation of "moss" on roofs and walls of Dutch ovens. 

BOILERS 

Dampers. Notes on Boiler-flue Dampers, D. Wilson. Mech Wld vol 76 no 
1968, Sept. 19, 1924, pp. 184-185, 6 figs. Discusses design of dampers for 
flues conveying gases of combustion in connection with steam-boiler and 
high-temperatures furnace installations. 

Riveting. Modern Demands on Hydraulic Boiler Riveting (Neuzeitliche Forderun- 
gen an die hydraulische Kesselnietung und die Moglichkeiten ihrer Erfiillung 
in der Praxis), H. Miiller. Werkstattstechnik, vol. 18, no. 19, Oct. 1, 1924, 
pp. 528-543, 7 figs. Production of riveted joints free from objections, water- 
tight and steam-tight; types of riveting; riveting control apparatus; etc. 

BOILERS, WATER-TUBE 

Baffling. Increased Efficiency Through Changes in Boiler Baffling, H E Osgood 
Power, vol. 60, no. 20, Nov. 11, 1924, pp. 769-770, 4 figs. Changes made in 
well-known type of water-tube boiler illustrate influence exerted by baffling 
of boiler on its efficient operation. 

Vertical. Foreign Practice in Vertical Water-Tube Boilers, F. Johnstone-Taylor 
Power Plant Eng., vol. 28, no. 22, Nov. 15, 1924, pp. 1140-1141, 3 figs De- 
scribes number of European types of boilers together with their relative 
advantages; the Nesdrum boiler, a British design. 

BORING MACHINES 
Multi-Spindle Attachment for Horizontal. Multi-spindle Attachment for 
Horizontal Boring Machine, H. C. Town. Machy. (Lond.), vol. 25, no 627 
Oct. 2, 1924, pp. 15-16, 3 figs. Attachment for converting horizontal boring 
machine into multiple-spindle machine for operating simultaneously on bores 
of gear cases or cylinder blocks. 

BRAKES 
Vacuum. Vacuum Brakes for Electric Rolling Stock (Freinage par le vide du materiel 
des chemins de fer a traction electrique), J. Netter. Technique Moderne 
vol. 16, no. 17. Sept. 1, 1924, pp. 577-582, 8 figs. Design and construction 
of automatic vacuum brakes, and application to electric locomotives. 

BRAKING 
Pneumatic. Hump Yard Operates Without Car Riders. Ry Age vol 77 no on 
Xoy 15. 1924, pp. 895-898, 8 figs All car riders have been eliminated on 
north hump of Indiana Harbor Belt freight classification yard at Gibson 
Ind., as result of installing pneumatic braking system. 



Rail-Brake Apparatus for Freight Yard. A New System of Braking Wagons 
in Gravity Shunting Yards. Ry. Gaz., vol. 31, no. 18, Oct. 31, 1924, pp. 575- 
578, 8 figs. System, which has been laid down at several points on German 
State railways, has as its basis hydraulically operated braking apparatus 
applied at tack level from operating tower. 

Season Cracking of Brass and Bronze (Om sjiilvsprickor i gulmetall), O. 
Forsman. Teknisk Tidskrift, vol. 54, no. 42, Oct. 18, 1924, pp. 115-120 
(Mekanik), 5 figs. This cracking is, according to author, produced either by 
excessive cold working of metal or by impurities. Annealing is proper remedy. 
Bibliography. 

BRIDGE ERECTION 

Arch Closure. Closing 640-Ft. Michigan Central Arch Over Niagara Gorge. 
Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 18, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 716-718, 3 figs. Canti- 
levered halves lowered to junction by 39-in. jacks in backstays; centralized 
jacking control facilitates operation. 

Skew Bridge. Skew Bridge for Fly-Over Junction at Chicago: I.C.R.R. Eng. 
News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 19, Nov. 6, 1924, pp. 748-750, 5 figs. Bridge replaces 
main track grade crossing; ball bearings for girders; derrick cars place long 
heavy girders. 

BRIDGE PIERS 

Hollow Concrete. Hollow Concrete Bridge Piers Built Like Chimneys. Eng. 
News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 19, Nov. 6, 1924, p. 757, 3 figs. Piers 181 feet and 
221 feet high of reinforced concrete to carry highway bridge over Dix River 
gorge. 

BRIDGES, CONCRETE 

Toronto, Can. Reinforced Concrete Bridge Construction Involves New Features 
Concrete, vol. 25, no. 2, Aug. 1924, pp. 55-58, 11 figs. Construction details of 
bridge over Belt Line Ravine at Toronto, Ont. Constructed at a cost of $93,000, 
of which about $22,000 was for steel reinforcing. Overall length 672 ft., 
main span 200 ft., width 28 ft. 4 in. 

BRIDGES, HIGHWAY 
Toronto, Can. Humber River Highway Bridge, Toronto, A. P. Crealock. Can. 
Engr., vol. 47, no. 17, pp. 431-437, 13 figs. Describes new bridge on Bloor 
Street West provincial highway, having a total length of 745 ft. face to face 
of abutments and composed of 4 arch spans of 135 ft., two truss spans of 67 
ft. 6 in. each, four piers with a width of 10 ft. at top and two abutments. 

BRIDGES, RAILWAY 

Cantilever Arch. New Niagara Gorge Arch Nearing Completion. Ry. Age, 
vol. 77, no. 19, Nov. 8, 1924, pp. 830-836, 10 figs. Bridge has span of 640 ft. 
from center to center of hinge pins and rise of 105 ft.; planned to carry two 
railway tracks on deck at 13-ft. centers, and designed for cantilever method 
with pin bearing between two halves of lower chord at crown; noteworthy 
features of erection; closing operations. 

Plate-Girder. Remarkably Heavy Plate Girders in Skew Railroad Bridge. Eng. 
News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 18, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 710-711, 3 figs. Buffalo road 
crossing required girders weighing 130 tons each; heavy flange sections and 
web reinforcement. 

BRIDGES, STEEL 

Stresses. Secondary Stresses in Steel Riveted Bridges, O. H. Ammann. Eng. 
News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 17, Oct. 23, 1924, pD. 666-668, 5 figs. Notes on com- 
prehensive series of tests and analytical studies carried out by Assn. Swiss 
Steel Fabricators. 

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 

Winter Construction. Winter Construction, C. S. Hill. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 
93, nos. 14, 15, 16 and 17, Oct. 2, 9, 16 and 23, 1924, pp. 532-535, 588-590, 
632-635 and 674-675, 12 figs. Responsibilities and difficulties of contractor. 
Oct. 2: Labor and climate. Oct. 9: Processes and plant. Oct. 16: Methods 
and costs. Oct. 23: Coordinate services. 

BUILDINGS 
Layout, Hosiery- Mill. Special Design for Hosiery Mill on Pacific Coast, J. R. 
Poteat. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 18, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 707-708, 3 figs. 
Axis of line of buildings chosen to eliminate excess sunlight; bracing against 
vibration and to withstand earthquake tremors; layout and column spacing 
to fit machine sizes. 



CABLES, ELECTRIC 

High-Tension. High Tension Cables, L. B. Atkinson. World Power, vol. 2, no. 
10, Oct. 1924, pp. 218-225, 4 figs. Summary of situation as regards cables 
up to 11,000-volts, illustrated by two diagrams; properties of dielectrics; 
process of manufacture of cables; problems arising from geometrical form of 
cables; economic uses of high-voltage cables; present state of practice. (Abridg- 
ed.) Paper presented at World Power Conference. 

Joints. Design of High-Tension Cable Joints, C. G. Watson. Elec. World, vol. 84, 
no. 17, Oct. 25, 1924, pp. 896-897. Points out that original design of cable 
should be followed when making joints; outlines methods of properly insulat- 
ing-conductors. 

Paper-Insulated. High-Voltage Impregnated Paper Cables, Wm. A. De! Mar 
and C. F. Hanson. Am. Inst. Elec. Engrs— Jl, vol. 43, no. 10, Oct. 1924, 
pp. 950-957, 18 figs. Shows that useful conception of danger of air films is 
that they promote internal surface leakage, and that it is not the case that 
air films can be detected by slope of voltage power-factor characteristic; testing 
of raw and process materials; compounds with and without rosin; hot spots in 
cables. 

CABLES, HOISTING 

Manufacture. Torsion in the Manufacture of Metal Cables (Les questions de 
torsion dans la fabrication des cables mfetalliques), J. Seigle. Revue de rln- 
dustrie Minerale, no. 92, Oct. 15, 1924, pp. 485-501, 30 figs. Principle of 
cabling machines. Stranding; geometric and physical torsion; fatigue due to 
torsion. 

CABLEWAYS 

Coal-Handling. Taking Coal bv the Air Route to Coaling Station. Coal Trade 
Bui., vol. 51, no. 9, Oct. 1, 1924, pn. 397-399, 4 figs. Aerial tramway at William- 
son, W. Va., eliminates two bridges, much track and trestling, cuts hauling 
costs, and easily handles thousands of tons in eight hours. 

CAISSONS 
Sinking. Sinking Pier Caissons for Four Missouri River Bridges, L. J. Sverdrup. 
Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 16, Oct. 16, 1924, pp. 628-630, 6 figs. Subaqueous 
difficulties met by Missouri State Highway Dept. on structures now under 
construction. 

CALORIMETERS 
Jet. A Jet Calorimeter, W. Payman. Fuel, vol. 3, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 406-407. 
1 fig. Instrument consists of two parts, observation chamber, containing 
burner and scale, and differentia! manometer. 



44 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



CAR WHEELS 
Handling in Repair Shops. Handling Wheel and Axle Work on the Brooklyn- 
Manhattan Railways, F. H. Colvin. Am. Mach., vol. 61, no. 20, Nov. 13, 
1924, pD. 753-755, 4 figs. How ears are inspected and motor trucks handled 
when axles or tires require repairs; novel wheel-turning department with 
storage tracks and hoist for wheels and also for chips. 

CARBON MONOXIDE 
Determination. Determination of Carbon Monoxide (Sur le dosage de l'oxyde 
de carbon 3), P. Lebeau and Ch. Bedel. Academie des Sciences Comptes 
Rendus, vol. 179, no. 2, July 16, 1924, pp. 108-110. Addition of phenolic 
substances to suspension of cuprous oxide in sulphuric acid increases solubility 
of former, yielding solution which is good absorbent for CO; addition of water 
also causes no decomposition or loss of CO. 

CARS, FREIGHT 
Gondola. New 70-ton Capacity Gondola Car for the Wabash. Ry. Rev , vol. 
75, no. 18, Nov. 1, 1924, pp. 657-659, 3 figs. Drop-end steel gondola car 
built for shipment of pipe and tubing permits loading to full capacity. 

CASE-HARDENING 
Charcoal for. The Influence of Barium Carbonate upon Wood Charcoal Used for 
Cementation, B. F. Shepherd. Am. Soc. Steel Treating — Trans., vol. 6, 
no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 606-614, 17 figs. Illustrates effect of barium carbonate 
in intensifying earburizing properties of wood charcoal; also shows that quantity 
of barium carbonate which produces best results is not mixture which has been 
standard since 1861; chrome-vanadium steel is shown to absorb carbon much 
more readily than simple carbon steel and to produce hypereutectoid zone of 
such depth and carbon concentration as to be extremely harmful. 

CAST IRON 

Composition and Structure, A.S.T.M. Bar. Notes on Composition and Structure 
of A.S.T.M. Bar, J. W. Bolton. Foundry Trade Jl., vol. 30, no. 427, Oct. 23, 
1924, pp. 349-354, 18 figs. Shows effects of variation in composition and 
structure on properties of standard bar. Paper read before Am. Foundrymen's 
Assn. 

Filtration. The Filtration of Cast Iron, C. Brunelli. Foundry Trade .11., vol. 30, 
no. 424, Oct. 2, 1924, pp. 283-286. Describes author's process and discusses 
principal defects in castings and their causes; impurities in raw materials; 
action of filter grates; large and small risers; influence of atmospheric air; 
distribution of useful heat; origin of blowholes. See also editorial, p. 279. 
Translated from Italian. 

Iron-Carbon Eutectoid. Structural Evidence of an Iron-Carbon Euteetoid, 
A. Hayes and H. E. Flanders. Am. Soc. Steel Treating — Trans., vol. 6, no. 5, 
Nov. 1924, pp. 623-629, 10 figs. Results of experimental work which indicates 
that carbon existing in solid solution when lower critical range is traversed 
very slowly is distributed in form of small rounded specks throughout the 
ferrite; this is considered structural evidence of eutectoid action; gives mech- 
anism formation of ferrite shell aboutprimarv carbon spots, in Dartially graphitiz- 
ed white iron. 

Pearlitic. Notes on Pearlitic Cast Iron, J. E. Hurst. Foundry Trade Jl., vol. 30, 
no. 426, Oct. 16, 1924, pp. 327-332, 5 figs. Refers to Professor Bauei's defini- 
tions of pearlitic cast iron, and discusses ductility, chemical composition, 
formation of pearlite, border-line compositions, grain size, and rate of cooling. 

Sulphur, Influence of. The Influence of Sulphur in Cast Iron, J. E. Hurst. 
Foundry Trade Jl., vol. 30, no. 428, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 377-380,3 figs. Sulphur 
in commercial cast irons in presence of sufficient manganese exists almost 
wholly as sulphide of manganese — MnS; in this form it is practically without 
influence on structure and properties of cast iron; iu absence of sufficient 
manganese sulphur exists as iron sulphide which is soluble in liquid iron and 
which has tendency to prevent formation of graphite. 

CASTING 
Centrifugal. Centrifugal Casting of Iron Piston Rings, J. A. Rathbone. West. 
Machy. Wld., vol. 15, no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 299-300, 3 figs. Uses of cores; 
carbon precipitated as temper carbon on annealing; annealed metal proves 
excellent for oipe nipples; note on English practice. 

CEMENT 
Burning. Cement Burning, R. K. Meade. Concrete, vol. 25, no. 2, Aug. 1924, 
pp. 20-23 (Cement Mill Sec), 1 fig. What takes place in a rotary kiln and 
what is sought to be accomplished in this. Discussion of the various factors 
which enter into burning of cement. 

CEMENT MANUFACTURE 
Grinding. New Laws Govern Fine Grinding, C. E. Blvth, G. Martin and H. Tongue. 
Concrete, vol. 25, no. 3, Sept. 1924, pp. 42-44 (Cement Mill Sec), 1 fig. Some 
general underlying laws discovered by British Portland Cement Research 
Assn. as result of experiments carried out during last two years. Paper read 
at Int. Cement Congress, Lond., and reprinted from Structural Engr. See 
also Cement, Mill and Quarry, vol. 25, no. 7, Oct. 5, 1924, pp. 37-38. 

CEMENT, PORTLAND 

Mills. The New Wet Process Plant of the Lehigh Portland Cement Company. 
Concrete, vol. 25, no. 4, Oct. 1924, pp. 52-59 (Cement Mill Sec), 16 figs. Descrip- 
tion of plant located near Birmingham, Ala., having a total capacity of about 
5,000 bbls. per day. 

Properties. New Studies in the Properties of Portland Cement, T. Merriman. 
Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 17, Oct. 23, 1924, pp. 669-672, 4 figs. Solubility 
of cement in sugar solutions; relation between solubility and tensile strength 
shown to be marked and useful; effect of COj on cement. 

CENTRAL STATIONS 

Crawfordsville, Ind. New Crawfordsville Unit Shows High Economy. Power 
Plant Eng., vol. 28, no. 22, Nov. 15, 1924, pp. 1128-1133, 11 figs. Municipally 
owned public service plant in Indiana installs new 3,000-kw. turbo-generator 
which shows steam consumption of less than 15 lb. per kw-hr. ; coal consump- 
tion is considerably reduced; boiler tests and method of testing. 

Diesel-Engined. Diesel Engines Eliminate Losses in Carthage Light Plant. Power, 
vol. 60, no. 18, Oct. 28, 1924, pp. 684-686, 3 figs. By installation of Diesel 
engines production costs were reduced to below 1 cent per kw.hr. 

Diesel Engine Operating Experience, J. A. Beggs. Elec. World, vol. 84, 
no. 19, Nov. 8, 1924, pp. 995-998, 5 figs. How installation of two 550-hp. 
units of type named saved Needesha, Kan., $18,624 in 10 months; analysis 
of operating results; details of installation. 

Willi amsport, Md. Some Operating Provisions at the Williamsport Station. Power, 
vol. 60, no. 20, Nov. 11, 1924, pp. 762-764, 2 figs. Describes special ways in 
which instruments were chosen and arrangements made with view to maintain- 
ing both economy and service continuity; generators are to operate in multiple 
onlyjthrough transformers. 



45 



CHAIN DRIVE 
Lubrication. Lengthening the Life of the Chain Drive, A. F. Brewer. Indus. Mgt. 
(N. Y.), vol. 68, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 266-272, 12 figs. Lubricating require- 
ments of driving-chain installation; lubrication must be suited to type of 
chain and to operating conditions. 

CIRCUIT BREAKERS 
Oil Type. Maintenance of Oil Circuit Breaker Operating Mechanisms. H. L. Biggin. 
Power, vol. 60, nos. 19 and 20, Nov. 4 and 18, 1921, pp. 721-723 and 797-800, 
14 figs. Operation and care of oil circuit breakers of ratings up to 15,000 volts. 
Nov. 4: Care of operating mechanisms. Nov. 18: Care of switch contacts and 
Oil 

CLUTCHES 
Design. Considerations in Clutch Design, A. Clegg. Machy. (Lond.*, vol. 21 
no. 619, Aug. 7, 1924, pp. 597-599, 6 figs. Plate and coil clutches. 

COAL 

Carbonization. The Parker Low-Temperature Carbonization Plant Engineering 
vol. 118, no. 3069, Oct. 24, 1924, pp. 588-589, 3 figs. Details of plant erected 
at Barugh works of Low-Temperature Carbonization, Ltd., consisting of two 
settings, each of 32 retorts; results of test. 

Rock-Dust Cartridge Stemming. The Rock-Dust Cartridge Method of Stemming 
Shots, H. M. Roscoe. Can. Inst. Min. & Metallurgy — Monthly Bui., no. 
150, Oct. 1924, pp. 638-642, 4 figs. Explains method and points out its ad- 
vantages. 

COAL MINES 

British Empire Exhibition. The Colliery at the British Empire Exhibition. 
Engineering, vol. 117, nos. 3047. 3049, 3050 and 305., and vol. 118, nos. 3054, 
3057, 3058, 3050, 3060, 3062, 3064 and 3067, May 23, June 6, 13, 20, July 11, 
Aug. 1, 8, 15, 22, Sept. 5, 19 and Oct. 10, 1924, pp. 677-680, 726-729, 756-759, 
793-795, 49-51, 158-160, 190-193, 224-227, 251-252, 338-342, 411-414 and 
528-530, 174 figs, partly on supp. plates. Full-size representation of actual 
working colliery, with all essential features of modern high-class installation; 
details of engine room, brake engine and overwinder, overwinding prevention 
gear, head gear, safety hooks and gears, safety gates, decking control, liquid 
controller, motors, high- and low-tension switchgear, transformer-room supply, 
air compressors, meters, coal cutters, conveyors, coal-washing apparatus, etc. 

Conveyors. Conveyor That Facilitates Concentrated Mining, N. D. Levin. Coal 
Age, vol. 26, no. 16, Oct. 16, 1924, pp. 541-544, 12 figs. Describes type of 
conveyor developed by Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Coumbus, O.; so constructed that 
it can be lengthened for shortened quicklly. 

COKE OVENS 

Piette. Piette Coke Ovens. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3067, Oct. 10, 1924, pp. 
510-512, 12 figs, partly on supp. plate. New Coke ovens of Semet-Solvay 
and Piette Coke Oven Co. of Sheffield, England, with special reference to 
their battery of 24 coke ovens at Shelton Iron, Steel & Coal Co. of Stoke-on- 
Trent; each of these can produce 60 tons of coke per week. 

Practice, Comparative Survey. Comparative Survey of Coke-Oven Practice in 
Various Countries, G. A. Hebden. Can. Min. Jl., vol. 45, nos. 41 and 42, 
Oct. 10 and 17, 1924, pp. 1011-1014 and 1035-1036. Brief survey of practice 
in Great Britain, Continental Europe, the Dominions and America. Paoer 
presented before Empire Min. & Met. Congress. 

CONCRETE 

Cement Addition. The Addition of Cement as a Means of Increasing Concrete 
Workability, Duff A. Abrams. Contract Rec. & Eng. Rev., vol. 38, no. 39, 
Sept. 24, 1924, pp. 946-947, 1 fig. Experiments at Lewis Inst, lead to con- 
clusion that it is more economical to obtain desired workability by means of 
cement than by use of other admixtures. 
' Impure Mixing Waters, Tests of. Tests of Impure Waters for Mixing Concrete, 
Duff A. Abrams. Lewis Inst., Structural Matls. Research Laboratory — Bui., 
no. 12, Sept. 1924, 44 pp., 7 figs. Strength tests on Portland cement were 
made at ages of 3 days to 2 — ■ years using mixing waters of wide range of types, 
many of which were thought to be unsuitable for use in concrete; 68 samples 
of water were tested, including sea and alkali waters, bog waters, mine and 
mineral waters, waters containing sewage and industrial wastes, and solutions 
of common salt; tests of fresh waters (including distilled) were made for pur- 
pose of comparison. 

Novocrete. Laboratory Tests on Novocrete. Eng. & Contracting (Buildings), 
vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 22, 1924, pp. 896-898. A product composed of Portland 
cement and specially treated, known in United States and Canada by name of 
"Novocrete" or "mineralized" sawdust, and in Europe as "Duroerete". Char- 
acteristics, uses, and results of different tests made. 

Specifications. Standard Specifications for Concrete and Reinforced Concrete. 
Am. Soc. Civ. Engrs. — Proc, vol. 50, no. 8, Oct. 1924, pp. 1163-1284, 30 figs. 
Submitted by joint committee on standard specifications. General instructions; 
definitions; quality of concrete; materials; proportioning and mixing; depositing 
concrete; forms; details of construction; waterproofing' and protective treat- 
ment; surface finish; design; includes tables on grading of fine and coarse 
aggregate, size and areas of reinforcement bars, proportions for and workability 
of concrete, and moments to be used in design of flat slabs. Mandatory and 
advisory appendices. 

CONCRETING 

Cold-Weather. Report on Placing Concrete in Winter. Ry. Rev., vol. 75, no. 17, 
Oct. 25, 1924, pp. 625-629. Feasibility, economy and desirability of winter 
concrete work and approved methods of such construction. (Abstract.) 
Report of committee before Am. Ry. Bridge and Bldg. Assn. 
CONDENSERS, STEAM 

Surface. Steam Used by Surface Condenser Auxiliaries, J. D. Morgan. Power 
Plant Eng., vol. 28, no. 22, Nov. 15, 1924, pp. 1135-1136, 3 figs. Higher 
vacuum is accompanied by greater power demand for driving auxiliaries; 
auxiliary steam consumption of surface-condensing plants. 

Surface Condensers (Note sur les condenseurs par surface). Bui. Tech- 
nique du Bureau Veritas, vol. 6, no. 7, July 1924, pp. 131-133, 5 figs. Details 
of an improved surface condenser and tests carried out showing saving of 
steam of 4.5 per cent. 

CONDUITS 

Economic Design. A Method for the Economic Design of Penstocks, H. L. Doo- 
little. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 785-792, 13 figs. 
Presents original, simple graphic method for economic design; given certain 
flow of water, length of piping, and profile of penstock, curves can be rapidly 
drawn for pipes of varying diameter which indicate frietional loss and its 
value in dollars. Paper is accompanied by discussion, by R. L. Daugherty, 
in which algebraic solution of problem is presented. 

CONVEYORS 
Factory. Conveyor Plants for Modern Manufacturing Processes, Hauck. Eng. 
Progress, vol. 5, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 219-223, 16 figs. Describes various types 
employed by large manufacturing firm, including gravity conveyors, lifts, 
belt conveyors, etc. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



COOLIXG TOWERS 
Efficiency. Water-Cooling-System Efficiency, V. J. Azbe. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, 
no. 11a, mid- Xov. issue, 192-1, pp. 799-805, 12 figs. Formujas and charts 
for ase in predetermining performance of water-cooling systems at different 
seasons; cooling possibilities under different weather conditions and in different 
sections of country 

COPPER CASTIXGS 

Cupola. Cupola Castings, T. F. Jennings. Metal Industry (X. Y), vol. 22, no 
11, Nov. 1924, pp. 444-445. Making copper castings from cupola melted metal. 
Paper presented at joint meeting of Am. Foundrymen's Assn' and Inst. Metals. 

COPPER METALLURGY 
Smelting. The Xew Magma Copper Smelter, H. A. Ruth. Eng. & Min. Jl.— 
Press, vol. 118, no. 18, Xov. 1, 1924, pp. 685-693, 13 figs. Engineering details 
of model installation of Magma Copper Co., near Superior, Ariz., eq-ipped 
with latest features of modern smelting practice. Designed for treating 
flotation and table concentrates, direct-smelting ores, custom ores, and con- 
centrates. 

. COROXA 

Losses Between Wires. Corona Losses Between Wires at Extra High Voltages, 
C. F. Harding. Am. Inst. Elec. Engrs.— Jl., vol. 43, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 
932-940, 26 figs' Res"lts of corona loss tests upon three sizes of cables at 
voltages varying from 100 to 620 kv. and spacings from 18 to 38 ft. are reported 
from Engng. Experiment Station of Purdue University; these results, reduced 
to standard 1,000 ft. of transmission line, are compared with corresponding 
values calculated from Peek's formula for similar conditions of operation; 
describes tower line and method of measurement of losses in high-voltage 
circuit; three methods of attacking problem of modified transmission-line 
design for elimination of excessive corona losses are outlined. 

COST ACCOUXTIXG 
Balance-Sheet Analysis. Balance Sheet Analysis, A. Wall. Mgt. & Administra- 
tion, vol. 8, no. 5, Xov. 1924, pp. 521-524. Purpose is to read figures of series 
of balance sheets so as to bring out more clearly, or emphasize, trends or strains 
in financing not easily recognizable in dollar figures. 
Small Plants. Correct Costs at Little Expense, G. G. Thompson. Mgt. & Ad- 
ministration, vol. 8, no. 5, Xov. 1924, pp. 517-520. System for small and 
medium-size plant. 

CRAXES 

Locomotive. Putting Locomotive Cranes to Work, Geo. E. Titcomb. Mgt. & 
Administration, vol. 8, no. 5, Xov. 1924, pp. 475-478, 10 figs. Discusses 
types which are of greatest use in manufacturing plants. 

CRAXKSHAFTS 

Failures. Crankshaft Failures on Gas and Oil Engines, E. Ingham. Power, 
vol. 60, no. 19, Xov. 4, 1924, pp. 719-720. Testing for alignment; Welder's 
experiments on fatigue of metals; brittleness in crankshafts; points out that 
failure is rarely sudden, and shaft should be examined frequently for signs of 
fracture. 

CULVERTS 

Corrugated. Corrugated Culverts on the Western Pacific, C. P. Gilmore. Eng. 
& Contracting (Railways), vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 15, 1924, po. 875-878, 3 figs. 
Twelve years experience in replacement of wooden structures through high 
and low fills. Costs of installation. 

Corrugated Iron. Solving the Small Bridge Problem with Large-Diameter Cor- 
rugated Iron Pipe, H. B. Kenny. Good Roads, vol. 67, no. 3, Sept. 1924, 
pp. 83-84, 2 figs. Discusses installation of large-diameter corrugated-iror 
culverts, and methods employed. 

CUTTIXG METALS 
Oxyqas Machine. Oxygas Cutting-out Machine. Machy. (Lond.), vol. 25, no. 
631, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 153-154, 3 figs. Details of oxygen cutting machine 
using coal gas as combustible for providing initial and auxiliary heat. 

CYLIXDERS 
Automobile, Machining. Machining Cylinders for the Gray Motor, H. Campbell. 
Am. Mach., vol. 61, no. 17, Oct. 23, 1924, pp. 659-662, 10 figs. Departmental 
layout; routing of work with descriptions and illustrations of interesting opera- 
tions; three-station cylinder fixture; multiple tapping machines; finish boring. 



D 



DAMS 

Barrage. Barrage Dams of Great Height Resisting by Their Own Weight (Bar- 
rages de grande hauteur resistant par leur propre poids), E. Suter. Bui. 
Technique de la Suisse Romande, vol. 50, nos. 20 and 22, Sept. 27 and Oct. 
25, 1924, pp. 249-252 and 273-277, 7 figs. Discusses recent French regulations 
and triangular profiles; calculation of resistance. 

Concrete. Building Black Canyon Irrigation Dam in Western Idaho, W. Ward. 
Eng. Xews-Rec, vol. 93, no. 21, Xov. 20, 1924, pp. 818-823, 5 figs. Concrete 
dam of 184-ft. max. height built by Bur. of Reclamation to save private irriga- 
tion district; water level controlled by drum gates; concrete proportioned by 
Abrams method. 

Large Concrete Dam to Be Built at American Falls. Eng. Xews-Rec , 
vol. 93, no. 19, Xov. 6, 1924, pp. 741-742, 2 figs. Designs out for bids call for 
gravity overfall dam in gorge with non-automatic radial crest gates. 

Movable. Xew Type Movable Dam Guards Soo Canal Locks, L. C. Sabin. Eng. 
Xews-Rec, vol. 93, no. 17, Oct. 23, 1924, pp. 656-660, 6 figs. Emergency 
structure insures service continuity to lock gates of St. Marys Falls canal, Mich.; 
bridges, wicket frames and needles handled by huge derricks. 

Multiple-Arch. The Tirso Dam, Sardinia. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3071, 
Xov. 7, 1924, pp. 632-635, 15 figs, partly on supp. plate. Project involves 
regulation of river and conservation of water for irrigation purposes, produc- 
tion of hydro-electric powerand drainage of large area to be served by irrigation; 
multiple-arch dam is said to be highest and most important examples of its 
type to be built; it is 228 ft. from lowest foundation level to roadway level 
along top, and has series of 17 reinforced-concrete arches. 

DIE CASTIXG 
Machines, Alloys, and Dies. Die Casting, X. C. Barnard. Mech. Eng., vol 46 
no. 11, Xov. 1924, pp. 661-669, 23 figs. Types of die-casting machines, repre- 
sentative alloys for use in die casting; die construction; casting problems- 
advantages gained by use of inserts. 

DIESEL EXGIXES 
Exhaust Temperature. The Significance of Exhaust Temperature P H Smith 
Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3068, Oct. 17, 1924, pp. 544-547.G ives results of exper- 
iments carried out on Carels-type Diesel engine. Paper read before Diesel 
Engine Users Assn. 



Operation. Modern Diesel Engine Installation, F. Veitenheimer. Military Engr., 
vol. 16, no. 88, .Tuly-Aug. 1924, pp. 311-315, 5 figs. Discusses operation and 
operating cost of Diesel engine. Describes a stationary Diesel engine plant 
installed by U. S. Engr. Dept. in Hawaiian Islands; main equipment consists 
of three 135-hp. 4-cycle single-acting vertical type 6-cylinder Diesel engines, 
each directly connected to a 90-kw. 125-volt d. c. generator. 

DISKS 
Rotating, Theory of. The Rotating Disk, E. L. Thearle. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, 
no. 11, Xov. 1924, pp. 670-674, 9 figs. In Foppl's classical theory of eccentric 
rotating disk, center of gravity is assumed to lie always in plane of deflected 
shaft, and angular acceleration is neglected entirely; solution leads to critical 
speed, at which shaft deflection becomes infinite; since mechanism such as a 
De Laval turbine would become inoperative under such conditions, idea of 
"violent vibration" at critical speed is introduced; author attempts to develop 
more rational theory by writing down equations of motion of particles of disk 
in more general form and introducing idea of possible angular acceleration; 
maximum shaft deflection at critical speed is found to have finite value. 

DRAWINGS 
Drafting-Room Methods. Better Methods in the Drafting Room, J. Flodin. 
Indus. Mgt. (X. Y.), vol. 68, no. 5, Xov. 1924, pp. 293-296. Problems of 
chief draftsman; taking care of file or reference prints; issuing and keeping 
proper account of prints; method of recording patterns and dies; etc. 

DROP FORGIXG 
Costs, Relation to Operation. Relation of Drop Forge Costs to Percentages of 
Operation, R. T. Herdegen. Forging-Stamping — Heat Treating, vol. 10, 
no. 11, Xov. 1924, pp. 405-109, 1 fig. Data compiled from various forge 
shops. Paper presented at Am. Drop Forging Inst. 



E 



EDUCATIOX, EXGIXEERIXG 

Cambridge University. Engineering Education at Cambridge University. Engin- 
eer, vol. 138, no. 3591, Oct. 24, 1924, pp. 464-464, 10 figs, partly on supp. 
plate. Connected account of use and development of engineering teaching 
in University; describes accommodation and equipment of laboratories; results 
which have been striven for and, to large extent, gained. 

Germany. Technical Travelling Exhibit of the V. D. I. (Die betriebstechnische 
Wanderausstellung des Vereines deutscher Ingenieure), Ph. Wisotzky. Spar- 
wirtschaft, vol. 1, nos. 15-16, Aug. 1924, pp. 73-74. Particulars regarding 
travelling exhibit representing various engineering lines, including State Rail- 
ways, prepared by V. D. I. and circulating among principal industrial towns 
in Germany and Austria. 

EJECTORS 

Steam-Jet Vacuum. The Steam Jet Vacuum Ejector. Mech. World, vol. 76, 
nos. 1973 and 1974, Oct. 24 and 31, 1924, pp. 264-265 and 277-278, 5 figs. 
Discusses principles underlying action of ejector and gives equations and 
methods whereby, with suitable coefficients, vacuum ejector may be designed. 

ELASTICITY 
Modulus of. The Variation of Young's Modulus at High Temperatures, C. H. 
Lees, J. P. Andrews and L. S. Shave. Physical Soc. Lond. — Proc, vol. 36, 
pt. 5, Aug. 15, 1924, pp. 405-416, 3 figs. Shows by experiments that for fused 
quartz modulus changes only slightly between deg. and 800 deg. cent.; for 
platinum, nickel and aluminum wire decreases with rise of temperature, at 
low temperatures slowly, at high more rapidly. 

ELECTRIC CIRCUITS 

Coupled, Transient Phenomena in. A Problem in Transient Phenomena in 
Coupled Circuits, E. E. Witmer. Franklin Inst. — Jl., vol. 198, no. 2, Aug. 
1924, pp. 217-229, 2 figs. Methods of integration and evaluation of one- 
parameter integral; approximations and interpretation of results; time lags; 
effect of obliquity and eccentricity of trajectory on curve of electromotive 
force. 

Coupling. Coupling Between Two Oscillatory Circuits, with Some Applications, 
L. S. Pajmer and H. W. Forshaw. Instn. Elec. Engrs. — .11., vol. 62, no. 334, 
Oct. 1924, pp. 895-900, 6 figs. Different methods of coupling two oscillatory 
circuits are classified as follows: (1) indirect coupling through field of force 
common to both oscillatory circuits, (2) direct coupling through impedance 
common to both circuits, (3) direct coupling through impedance not included 
in either oscillatory circuit; describes easy method of obtaining values of 
two resonant frequencies for each system. 

ELECTRIC CONDUCTORS 

Heating. Heating of Large Steel-Cored Aluminum Conductors, R. 3. C. Wood. 
Am. Inst. Elec. Engrs— Jl., vol. 43, no. 11, Xov. 1924, pp. 1021-1024, 10 figs. 
Tests made to determine temperature rise, both in still air and in wind, of 
three sizes of cable. 

ELECTRIC DRIVE 

Group vs. Individual. Froup versus Individual Drives, C. H. S. Tupholme. 
Mech. World, vol. 76, no. 1973, Oct. 24, 1924, pp. 261-262. Author's im- 
pressions of field of application of both group and individual drives, and ex- 
periences of engineers in various engineering shops where author has made 
study of power-transmitting conditions. 

Irrigation Pumping. Electrical Applications to Irrigation Pumping, R. H. Cates. 
Am. Inst. Elec. Engrs.— Jl., vol. 43, no. 11, Xov. 1924, pp. 1042-1046, 4 figs. 
Application of electric drive to pumping equipment in California. 

ELECTRIC FURXACES 

Heat-Treating. Using Electric Heating Furnaces, A. E. White. Iron Trade Rev., 
vol. 75, no. 19, Xov. 6, 1924, pp. 1229-1231. Exhaustive survey of electric 
heat-treating installations provides data for recommended design of furnaces; 
use of electric heat for forging units and for cyaniding still is in experimental 
state. 

Induction. Horizontal Ring Induction Furnaces. J. A. Seede. Iron Age, vol. 
114, no. 13, 1924, pp. 1281-1282, 3 figs. Comparison with electric arc furnaces 
for metals; attractive features of induction melting; results from 6-ton unit. 

Low-Grade Iron and Scrap. Using the Electric Furnace, J. T. MacKenzie. 
Foundry, vol. 52, no. 21, Nov. 1, 1924, pp. 859-860. Company making cast- 
iron pipe installs electric melting unit to handle low-grades of iron and scrap; 
direct metal tried out; segregation of manganese sulphide causes trouble. 
(Abstract.) Paper read before Am. Foundrymen's Assn. 

Steel. The Care of the Electric Steel Furnace, D. D. MacGuffie. Metal Industry 
(Lond.), vol. 25, no. 18, Oct. 31, 1924, pp. 429-430. Discusses chief points 
requiring attention in case of electric steel furnaces; deals chiefly with Heroult 
basic furnace, giving particulars as to procedure for lining out furnace, making 
it ready for melting, charging, and points of concern in melting and finishing 
off metal. 



46 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



ELECTRIC GENERATORS, A.C. 
Self-Excitation. The Self-excitation of the Dynamo, H. J. S. Heather. World 
Power, vol. 2, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 232-236, 6 figs. Deals with self-excitation 
in cast of series- and shunt-wound machines. 

ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES 

Developments. Recent Developments in Electric Locomotives. Mech. Eng. , 
vol. 46, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 696-698. Discussion of two papers by N. W. 
Storer and A. H. Armstrong, read at spring meeting of A.S.M.E. 

Direct-Current. Electric Locomotives for the Detroit & Ironton, F. Allison, 
H. L. Maher and L. J. Hibbard. Ry. Age, vol. 77, no. 16, Oct. 18, 1924, 
pp. 685-686, 1 fig. D. c. driving motors will receive power from 22,000-volt 
a. c. trolley. See also Ry. Rev., vol. 75, no. 16, Oct. 18, 1924, pp. 578-580, 
1 fig. 

Dynamometer-Car Tests. Tests of Electric Locomotive, Norfolk & Western Rv., 
T. C. Wurts. Ry. Rev., vol. 75, no. 16, Oct. 18, 1924, pp. 581-583, 1 fig. 
Dynamometer car used to produce data on actual road performance of new 
type LC-2 motive power. 

Motor-Generator. Motor-Generator Locomotives for the New Haven. Ry. Age, 
vol. 77, no. 16, Oct. 18, 1924, pp. 697-698, 2 figs. Alternating current from 
trolley converted to direct current for motors on locomotive. 

Single-Phase. New Type Electric Locomotives for New York New Haven & 
Hartford R.R. Ry. Rev., vol. 75, no. 17, Oct. 25, 1924, pp. 623-634. Details 
of single-phase locomotives which do not have a. c. traction motors; each 
locomotive contains travelling substation and will be equipped with synchronous 
motor-generator set for converting 11,000-volt, 25-cycle single-phase supply 
to direct current. 

ELECTRIC MOTORS, A.C. 

Starting. A Novel Method of Starting Polyphase Synchronous Motors, E. V. 
Clark. Instn. E!ec. Engrs.— Jl., vol. 62, no. 334, Oct. 1924, pp. 878-881. 
States that difficulty experienced in starting up polyphase synchronous motor 
simultaneously with alternator supplying circuit is greatly reduced if alternator 
is of synchronous type, and that with small laboratory plant this method of 
starting is extremely simple; outlines scheme for operating small synchronous 
motors with this method of starting and cites three fields where method may 
be of use, namely, testing shops of manufacturers, laboratories and emergency 
use. 

ELECTRIC POWER 

Generation from Coal Fields. Advantages of Generating and Distributing Elec- 
trical Energy Direct, from Coal-Fields, J. B. Hamilton. Can. Inst. Min. & 
Metallurgy — Monthly Bui., no. 150, Oct. 1924, pp. 667-674. Shows advantages 
of central power plant. 

ELECTRIC RAILWAYS 

Co-ordination with Motor-Bus Transportation. Co-ordination of Other Forms 
of Transportation with the Electric Railway, P. Shoup. Elec. Ry. Jl., vol. 
64, no. 15, Oct. 11, 1924, pp. 625-628. Points out that eventually buses will 
have to carry same obligations as traction companies; duplication of service 
impairs efficiency and results in higher fares. (Abstract.) Paper presented 
before Am. Elec. Ry. Assn. 

Overhead Distribution and Contact Systems. Overhead Distribution and Con- 
tact Systems, R. E. Wade. Ry. Elec. Engr., vol. 15, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 
358-365, 18 figs. Factors in heavy electric-traction installations which make 
for economy and efficiency. 

ELECTRICAL MACHINERY 

Design. Dynamo and Motor Design, F. Creedv. Electrician, vol. 93, nos. 2415, 
241C and 2418, Aug. 29, Sept. 5 and 19, 1924, pp. 226-228, 252-253 and 312-313, 
10 figs. Recent developments in electrical machinery. 

Standardization. Electrical Machinery Committee. Am. Inst. Elec. Engrs. — Jl., 
vol. 43, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 974-978. Committee consideration of standard- 
ization matters in their initial stages; service conditions; application recom- 
mendations. 

Variable-Speed Transmissions. Practical Pointers on How Variable Speeds Can 
Be Obtained. Indus. Engr., vol. 82, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 519-524 and 555, 
19 figs. Describes types of equipment used for adjusting speeds to needs of 
a process or to work performed by machines singly or in a group. 

ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION LINES 

Calculation. The Hyperbolic Method of Transmission Line Solution, H. Waddicot. 
Wld. Power, vol. 2, nos. 8 and 9, Aug. and Sept. 1924, pp. 97-102 and 173-176, 
7 figs. Aug.: Deals with mathematical solution for terminal conditions and 
included fundamental line equations, giving numerical examples of hyperbolic 
method of solution; graphical solution for various terminal conditions; com- 
parison of localized admittance methods. Sept.: Electrical conditions at 
intermediate points. 

Design. Power Transmission Lines: Aspects of their Design, Wm. T. Taylor. Elec. 
Rev., vol. 95, nos. 2444, 2445 and 2446, Sept. 26, Oct. 3 and 10, 1924, pp. 
462-463, 515-517 and 551-552, 4 figs. Economic requirements of design; 
physical and construction data; loading data. 

Short-Circuit Currents, Calculating. Equivalent Single-Phase Networks, 
R. A.Shetzline. Am. Inst. Elec. Engrs.— JL, vol. 43, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 1014- 
1020, 9 figs. For calculating short-circuit currents due to grounds on 3-phase 
star grounded systems. , - & 

220,000-Volt. Transmission at 220 Kv. on the Southern California Edison System. 
Am. Inst. Elec. Engrs.— Jl., vol. 43, nos. 10 and 11, Oct. and Nov. 1924, pp. 
901-908 and 1025-1030, 20 figs. Symposium with following contributions: 
Description of System and Operating Experiences, H. Michener; Automatic 
Protection— Balanced Relays and Flashover Control, E. R. Stauffacher; 
Economic Studies of Transmission Line Design with Particular Reference to 
Mechanical Features, C. B. Carlson; Economic Studies of Transmission Line 
Design with Particular Reference to Electrical Features, W. D. Shaw; Vibra- 
tion of Conductors and Overhead Ground Wires, J. M. Gaylord; Location 
and Right of Way, V. D. Elliott. 

ELECTRIC WELDING 
Aluminum. Electric Spot Welding Aluminum or Duralumin, J. W. Meadowcroft. 
Am. Welding Soc— Jl., vol. 3, no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 10-11. Author finds that 
best results are obtained by using steel as resistance material and by inter- 
posing superposed pieces of aluminum or duralumin between sheets of steel. 

ELECTRIC WELDING, RESISTANCE 
Spot. Spot Welding, W. Remington. Am. Welding Soc— Jl., vol. 3, no. 9, Sept. 
1924, pp. 23-26. Report of the resistance welding committee of Am. Bur. 
Welding. 

EMPLOYEES 

Recording Worker's Personality. Recording the Worker's Personality, D. A. 

Laird. Indus. Mgt. (N. Y.), vol. 68, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 307-314, 13 figs. 

Going beyond working record in promoting employees, that is, supplementing 

records of employee's work with records which will furnish key to his personality. 



EMPLOYMENT MANAGEMENT 

Service Department. Organizing Personnel Work in a Textile Mill, E. C. Gould. 
Indus. Mgt. (N. Y.), vol. 68, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 280-282. Describes plan 
of service department of a Lowell textile mill, designed to give mill executives 
responsibility for initiating and carrying out ideals of satisfactory industrial 
relations. 

EVAPORATORS 

Low-Pressure. Low-Pressure Evaporators, E. Ellsberg. Am. Soc. Nav. Engrs.— 
Jl., vol. 36, no. 3, Aug. 1924, pp. 434-465, 5 figs. Deals with submerged- 
coil type. Based on author's experience as planning and drafting super- 
intendent at Navy Yard, Boston, in design, installation and operation of 
low-pressure evaporators on several vessels of the Navy. 

EXPLOSIVES 
Liquid Oxygen. Liquid Oxygen as a Substitute for Dynamite, F. W. O'Neil. 
Contract Rec , vol. 38, no. 40, Oct. 1, 1924, pp. 968-972, 10 figs. At large- 
scale demonstration of use of this explosive, cost per ton of rock broken was 
1.28 cents against estimated cost of 3 cents with dynamite. 



FANS 

Centrifugal. Experiments on the Distribution of Air in Centrifugal Fans and on 
Re-entry Phenomena, H. Briggs and .las. N. Williamson. North of England 
Inst. Min. & Mech. Engrs. — Trans., vol. 74, part 3, Mar. 1924, pp. 79-89 and 
(discussion) 89-94, 21 figs. Experiments bearing upon manner in which 
centrifugal fan of drum-type deals with air it discharges. See also (discussion) 
in part 4, June 1924, pp. 99-103. 3 figs. 

Mine. Some Features of Ventilating Fans at 164 Coal and Metal Mines, D. Har- 
rington and M. W. von Bernewitz. U. S. Bur. Mines, Reports of Investiga- 
tions, no. 2637, Sept. 1924, 5 pp. Discusses various features of fan installations 
at mines where disasters have been studied, and handling of air currents at 
time of and after disasters, and includes also loss of life and number of men 
injured. 

FATIGUE 

Industrial. Fatigue a Vital Consideration of Forge Shop Management, Jos. Thomp- 
son. Forging — Stamping — Heat Treating, vol. 10, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 409- 
412. Consideration of well being of employes furnishes basis for co-operation; 
lack of sympathetic understanding cause of industrial unrest. Paper pre- 
sented before Am. Drop. Forging Inst. 

FELDSPAR 

Mining. Feldspar's Many Uses, A. S. Taylor. Cement, Mill & Quarry, vol. 25, 
no. 7, Oct. 5, 1924, pp. 30-34, 15 figs. Mentions in a general way industrial 
uses of feldspar. Describes activities of Crown Point Spar Co. in mining 
feldspar which outcrops on crest of Breed mountain, about a mile to south 
of village of Crown Point, northern New York, and in preparing it for various 
market purposes. 

FILTRATION PLANTS 

Decatur, III. Effect of the New Impounding Reservoir on Filter Plant Operation 
at Decatur, W. E. Stanley and E. E. Ruthrauff. Am. Water Wks. Assn. — 
Jl., vol. 12, no. 1, Sept. 1924, pp. 110-126, 8 figs. Details of gravity type 
rapid mechanical filtration plant; process involves coagulation with alum, 
sedimentation, filtration, and sterilization with chlorine; operating records; 
capacity and loadings; character of river water. 

Operation. "Tricks of the Trade" in Filter Plant Operation. Eng. & Contracting 
(Water Works), vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 8, 1924, pp. 783-789, 3 figs. Some of the 
ordinary practice employed by filtration superintendents in Ohio in conduct 
of their plants. 

Richmond, Va. Features of New Water Filtration Plant at Richmond, Va., W. 
Donaldson. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 16, Oct. 16, 1924, p. 623, ? figs. 
Plant build in old coagulating basins provides for mixing and coagulation, 
mechanical filtration and aeration. 

FLAMES 

Jet. Jet Flames, W. Payman. Fuel, vol. 3, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 403-106, 1 fig. 
Study of flames produced by gases issuing from jets without primary aeration. 

Speed of. Nitrogen Dilution and. The Influence of Nitrogen Dilution on the 
Speed of Flame, C. Campbell and O. C. de C. Ellis. Chem. Soc— JL, vol. 125, 
Sept. 1924, pp. 1957-1963, 4 figs. Results of experiments. 

FLOORS 
Concrete Beams as Ceiling. Saving Money by Leaving Concrete Floorbeams as 
Ceiling, Rob. D. Snodgrass. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 16, Oct. 16, 1924, 
pp. 630-631, 1 fig. Points out that economy and appearance may both be 
served in concrete buildings by discarding flat-ceiling idea. 

FLOTATION 
Ores. Notes on Flotation Test Work at Anyox on Granby Ores, A. C. Halferdahl. 
Can. Inst. Min. & Metallurgy— Monthly Bui., no. 150, Oct. 1924, pp. 711- 
713. Results of laboratory study and experimentation. 

FLOW OF FLUIDS 
Stream Lines. An Electrical Method for Tracing Stream Lines in the Two-Dimen- 
sional Motion of a Perfect Fluid, E. F. Relf. Lond., Edinburgh, & Dublin 
philosophical Mag. & Jl. Sci., vol. 48, no. 284, Sept. 1924, pp. 535-539, 4 figs. 
Describes apparatus designed and constructed for use in Aerodynamics Dept. 
of Nat. Physical Laboratory, for plotting rapidly and accurately stream lines 
round an obstacle. 

FLOW OF GASES 

Theory. The Flow of Compressible Fluids, Treated Diemensionally, W. IN. Bond. 
Physical Soc. Lond.— Proc, vol. 36, pt. 5, Aug. 15, 1924, pp. 367-378, 5 figs. 
Theoretical and experimental investigation of variation of pressure, density, 
temperature and velocity of a gas moving at speeds comparable with that of 
sound in gas. 

FLOW OF STEAM 

Velocity. Flow of Steam and Condensation as Affected by High Pressure, Horizontal 
Offsets and Valves, L. Ebin and R. L. Lincoln. Am. Soc. Heating & Vent. 
Engrs. — Jl., vol. 30, no. 6, June 1924, pp. 475-490, 9 figs. Deals with effect 
of high pressure on maximum velocity, valves on maximum capacity, and of 
horizontal offsets on maximum velocity. 

FLOW OF WATER 

Return Lines. Determining Dry Return Proportions, R. V. Frost. Am. Soc. 

Heating & Vent. Engrs.— Jl., vol. 30, no. 5, May 1924, pp. 359-364, 2 figs. 

Analysis of factors governing flow of water and air in return lines, showing how 

they "must be taken into account in properly proportioning dry-return capacities. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



FLUORSPAR 
Mining. How Fluorspar Is Produced, E. C. Reeder. Du Pont Mag., vo\. 18, no. 
10, Oct. 1924, pp. 2-4, 4 figs. Notes on deposits and mining methods. Almost 
all domestic production comes from southern Illinois and western Kentucky. 

FORGINGS 
Shook Detection during Treatment. The Clink Detector for Steel Ingots and 
Forgings. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3071, Nov. 7, 1924, p. 658, 6 figs. Instru- 
ment, when attached to forging during heating and cooling processes, gives 
autographic record of any shocks or disturbances which may have taken place. 

FOUNDATIONS 

Reinforcement against Mining Subsidence. The Reinforcement of Buildings and 
Their Foundations against Mining Subsidence, Jos. Eltringham. North of 
England Inst. Min. & Mech. Engrs. — Trans., vol. 74, part 2, Jan. 1924, pp 
22-33, 11 figs. Methods of arresting subsidence and preventing damage; 
examples giving result of reinforced-concrete foundations. See also (discus- 
sion) in part 3, Mar. 1924. pp. 42-50, 6 figs. 

Sinking in Water-Beaking Material. Small Open Caissons Used in Water- 
Bearing Material. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 21, Nov. 20, 1924, pp. 826- 
827, 2 figs. Method used in sinking foundations of small apartment house 
in Boston, which involves modifications of method used for First National 
Bank Building of Boston; two types of caissons used; level of water table 
lowered by pumping; diver used to excavate sumps. 

Test Loads. Foundation Test Loads as Affected by Scale, S. D. Carothers. Can. 
Engr., vol. 47, no. 17, Oct. 21, 1924, pp. 439-442. Narrower the strip the 
greater the unit resistance if stress on horizontal planes greater than on vertical 
planes; all widths of strip may give same unit resistance; relation if ground 
is invariable. From paper presented before Eng. Sec, Int. Mathematical 
Congress, Toronto. 

FOUNDRIES 

Building Design. Study of Foundry Building Design. Iron Age, vol. 114, no. 21, 
Nov. 20, 1924, pp. 1334-1337, 6 figs. Influence of site selection, building 
layout, material storage and methods of operation on better foundry practice. 

Cost Recording. A System of Foundry Organization and Cost Recording, M. 
Nicholls. Foundry Trade XL, vol. 30, no. 426, Oct. 16, 1924, pp. 324-325. 
Details of successful organization; examples of forms used. 

Overhead Charges, Allocation of. Space-Factor Rate v. Hour Rate in the 
Allocation of Overhead Charges. Foundry Trade Jl., vol. 30, no. 427, Oct. 
23, 1924, pp. 661-663. Suggestions for correct allocation of overhead charges. 

FREQUENCY CHANGERS 
Problems. Frequency Changers, K. Lubowsky. Electrician, vol. 93, nos. 2421 
and 2422, Oct. 10 and 17, 1924, pp. 404-405 and 436-437, 4 figs. Oct. 10: Various 
systems employed; control problems; load distribution. Oct. 17: Methods of 
control; need for careful examination. 

FUELS 
Problems, Canada. Report of Institute Fuel Committee. Eng. Jl., vol. 7, no. 11, 

Nov. 1924, pp. 678-682, 2 figs. Summary of conclusions, introduction, review 

of preliminary activities, submitted by Fuel Committee of Eng. Inst. Can. 
Smokeless. Maclaurin Process for Making Smokeless Fuel, E. K. Scott. Power 

Engr., vol. 19, no. 223, Oct. 1924, pp. 389-390, 2 figs. Principles and details 

of process. 
Storage Houses. Design Features of a Large Concrete Fuel House, E. L. Crowe. 

Eng. & Contracting (Buildings), vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 22, 1924, pp. 929-933, 

5 figs. A 750,000-cu. ft. structure for holding sawdust and wood refuse fuel 
for a 3,000-hp. border installation at mill of Crossett Lumber Co. at Crossett, 
Ark. 

See also Coal; Oil Fuel; Pulverized Coal. 

FURNACES, ENAMELING 
Electric. Continuous Conveyor Type Electric Enameling Furnace. West. Machy. 
Wld., vol. 15, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 351-352. 1 fig. Describes furnace developed 
by C. C. Armstrong of Armstrong Mfg. Co., Huntington, W.Va., for enameling 
comparatively flat pieces whereby opening and closing of charging doors is 
eliminated through medium of a conveyor which carries work through furnace 
from charging end and discharges it at opposite end. Heating chamber is 
9 ft. 8 in. long, 30 in. tall and 32 in. in width. 

FURNACES, INDUSTRIAL 
Combustion Devices. Combustion Devices for Powdered Coal, W. Trinks. Fuels 

6 Furnaces, vol. 2, nos. 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, May, June, July, Aug. and Sept 
1924, pp. 449-452, 553-556, 663-666, 783-786 and 951-952, 17 figs. May 
Theory of Dowdered-coal burning. June: Feeding devices and feeders. July. 
Low- and high-pressure burners. Aug. and Sept.: Capacity of burners and 
method of regulation. 



GARBAGE DISPOSAL 

Methods. The Disposal of Municipal Refuse, S. A. Greeley. Eng. & Contracting 
(Water Works), vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 8, 1924, pp. 813-816. Reviews recent 
practice in dealing with garbage and rubbish, including how refuse is classified, 
garbage reduction, Cobwell process, hog feeding, disposal by incineration, 
Beccari process, and comparison of methods. Paper read at Int. Conference 
on Sanitary Eng., Lond. 

GAS ANALYSIS 

Micro-Analysis. A New Method of Micro-gas Analysis, L. Reeve. Chem. Soc. — 
Jl., vol. 125, Sept. 1924, pp. 1946-1956, 1 fig. Account of methods adopted 
for measurement and analysis of gas mixtures consisting of CO2, CO, hydrogen, 
and formaldehyde; suggests method for direct analysis of any oxygen present. 

GAS ENGINES 

Heat Loss in. Heat Loss in Gas Engines, W. T. David. Engineering, vol. 118, 
no. 3070, Oct. 31, 1924, pp. 629 : 630, 10 figs. Results of series of measurements 
of radiation loss and of conduction loss during explosion ana subsequent cooling 
of inflammable mixtures of coal gas and air contained in closed vessel; results 
emphasize marked influence of temperature on heat loss from working fluid 
both by conduction and radiation, and that radiation loss per unit area of wall 
surface increases greatly with cylinder dimensions. (Abstract.) Paper read 
before Instn. Mech. Engrs. 

Missing Pressure in. The Missing Pressure in Gas Engines, W. T. David. Engin- 
eering, vol. 118, no. 3070, Oct. 31, 194, pp. 623-624, 7 figs. Conclusion 
drawn from closed-vessel experiments in regard to causes responsible for missing 
pressure; estimated ideal pressures in closed vessel; application of results of 
closed-vessel experiments to gas engine; reason for low combustion factors 
realized in gas engines and effect of after-burning upon efficiency. (Abstract.) 
Paper read before Instn. Mech. Engrs. 



GAS TURBINES 
Internal-Combustion. The Internal-Combustion Turbine (La turbine a com- 
bustion interne), A'. Stouvenot and P. Troy. Nature (Paris), no. 2634, Sept. 
27, 1924, pp. 203-206, 1 fig. Design and operation of a 5,000-kw. Holzwarth 
turbine, with eight explosion chambers. 

GASES 

Ignition. The Ignition of Gases. Chem. Soc. — Jl., vol. 125, Sept. 1924, pp. 1858- 
1875, 3 figs. 1st Article, by R. V. Wheeler: Ignition by Impulsive Electrical 
Discharge. Mixtures of Paraffins with Air. 2nd Article, by R. V. Wheeler 
and W. Mason: Ignition by a Heated Surface. Mixtures of the Paraffins 
with Air. 

Thermal Quality and Value. Relations of Thermal Quality to Value of Fuel 
Gases, C. F. Carrier. Chem. & Met. Eng., vol. 31, no. 17, Oct. 27, 1924, 
pp. 656-657. When used in efficient appliances value per B.t.u. is practically 
independent of kind of gas burned. 

GEAR CUTTING 

Helical Gears. A New Double Helical Gear Generator. Engineer, vol. 138, 
no. 3590, Oct. 17, 1924, pp. 445-447, 9 figs. Improved machine for cutting 
double helical gear wheels by generating process, designed and built by D. 
Brown & Sons. 

Projector for Cutter Forming. Using an Optical Projector for Cutter Forming, 
R. Grant. Machy. (N. Y.), vol. 31, no. 3, Nov. 1924, pp. 200-201, 3 figs 
Procedure followed in duplicating established tooth form with aid of projector. 

GEARS 

Epicyclic. Epicyclic Gears, F. W. and G. H. Lanchester. Instn. Mech. Engrs. — 
Proc, no. 4, July 1924, pp. 605-631, 17 figs. Notes on function of gear box; 
epicyclic gear as developed on Lanchester car; definite characteristics of gear 
boxes; actuating mechanism of epicyclic gear; permissible load carried by 
teeth and hearings. 

Epicyclic Spur-Gear Trains, J. Cryer. Mech. Wld., vol. 76, no. 1969, 
Sept. 26, 1924, pp. 194-196, 12 figs. Resume^ of principles and consideration 
of applications for ship propulsion and other purposes. 

Involute. limiting Cases in Involute Spur Gearing, A. B. Cox. Mech. Eng., 
vol. 46, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 683-691 and (discussion) 691-692, 15 figs. Derives 
formulas by means of which it is possible to determine smallest number of 
teeth that involute spur gear can have and yet be a perfect gear; discusses 
three sets of limiting cases; presents new polar formula for involute which, 
it is believed, will serve as valuable tool for further analysis of gearing. 

GOLD DEPOSITS 

British Columbia. Hillsbar Gold Claim, Yale District, B.C., C. E. Cairnes. Can. 
Dept. Mines, Geol. Survey.no. 203i, summary report, 1924, part A,pp.81A-83A. 
There are eight claims in two parallel and adjoining rows of four claims each; 
rocks represented include slate, granodierite, and occasional porphyritic dykes. 

Quebec, Canada. The Goldfields of North-Western Quebec, S. Brunton. Min. 
Mag., vol. 31, no. 2, Aug. 1924, pp. 137-146, 7 figs. General account of a new 
gold region in Canada which is at present attracting much attention, including 
geology, properties developed, legislation, travel routes, health regulations 
and official surveys. 

GOLD MINES 

Canada. The Rouyn Gold Area, W. M. Goodwin. Can. Min. Jl., vol. 45, no. 43, 
Oct. 24, 1924, pp. 1049-1052, 5 figs. In northwestern Quebec. Account of 
preparations for winter work, transportation facilities, administration of 
Quebec mining act and features that are an integral part of development 
of any mining district. 

GOVERNORS 

Speed-Responsive, Test Code for. Test Code for Speed-Responsive Governors. 
Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 713-716, 1 fig. Preliminary draft 
of special supplementary code formulated by A.S.M.E. committee on power 
test codes. 

GRAIN HANDLING 

Car Dumper. Grain Elevator Operation with Automatic Box Car Unloader. Ry. 
Rev., vol. 75, no. 19, Nov. 8, 1924, pp. 732-737, 6 figs. Installation of new 
dumping device at Port Arthur, Can. Nat. Rys., effects large savings in costs 
of unloading grain from box cars. 

Railway Transportation. Moving the Crop, Canadian Pacific Railway, E. D. 
Cottrell. Ry. Rev., vol. 75, no. 19, Nov. 8, 1924, pp. 697-700, 5 figs. Method 
of handling grain through Winnipeg and North Transcona during rush season. 

GRAPHITE 
Germany. Graphite (Graphit), E. Herm. Bergbau, vol. 37, no. 18, Sept. 4, 1924. 
pp. 514-517. Occurrence of graphite in various countries and Germany. 
Production and Uses of German graphite. 

GRINDING 
Centerless. The New Centerless Method of Grinding, G. W. Binns. West. 
Machy. Wld., vol. 15. no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 335-336, 4 figs. Range and class 
of work being handled successfully on centerless grinders, an innovation within 
last few years which has revolutionized art of grinding cylindrical work. 

GRINDING MACHINES 
Swing-Frame, Portable and Hand. Swing-Frame, Portable and Hand Grinding 
Machines. Am. Mach., vol. 61, no. 17, Oct. 23, 1924, pp 645-648, 
6 figs. Early swing frames; greater freedom of movement needed; electric 
motor and solid wheel aid in development. 



H 



HARDNESS 

Herbert Pendulum Tester. Comparison of Herbert Pendulum Hardness Tester 
with Other Hardness Testers, J. O. Keller. Mech. Eng., vol. 36, no. 11a, 
mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 818-824, 21 figs. Results of tests; data on specimens 
tested; Herbert pendulum, its action and theory; interpretation of photo- 
micrographs taken on sections. 

HEAT 

Equivalent Values Produced by Fuels. Determination of Equivalent Value 
of Heat Produced by Electricity and by Coal (Ueber die Bestimmung des Aequi- 
valentes der elektrisch erzeugten Warme im Vergleich zu der durch Kohle 
erzeugten Warme), F. Rutgers. Schweiz. Elektrotechmscher Verein Bui., 
vol. 15, no. 8, Aug. 1924, pp. 393-409, 8 figs. Discusses difficulties of deter- 
mination and shows by a large number of examples how equivalents may be 
obtained and that they vary between wide limits. 
HEAT TRANSMISSION 

Heat Flow Meter. Practical Applications of the Heat Flow Meter, P. Nicholls. 
Am. Soc. Heating & Vent. Engrs.— Jl.,vol. 30, no. 6, June 1924, pp. 439-451, 
8 figs. Results of application of heat flow meter for determining thermal 
constants of certain building structures. 



48 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



Walls. Heat Transmission Through Dwelling House Walls. Am. Architect, 
vol. 126, no. 2455, Sept. 24, 1924, pp. 299-306, 29 figs. Results of tests on 
various kinds of wall construction, made by Norwegian Government at Trondh- 
jem, Norway. 

HEAT TREATING 

Principles and Applications. Heat Treating — Its Principles and Applications, 
Chas. H. Fulton, H. M. Henton and Jas. H. Knapp. Iron Trade Rev., vol. 
74. nos. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, lfi, 18, 20, 22, 24 and 26, and vol. 75, nos. 2, 4, 
6, 8. 10, 11, 13, 15 and 17, Jan. 10, 24, Feb. 7, 21, Mar. 6, 20, Apr. 3. 17, May 
1, 15, 29, June 12, 26, Julv 10, 24. Aug. 7, 21, 28, Sept. 11, 24, Oct. 9 and 23, 
1924, pp. 168-172 and 178, 292-295 and 300, 411-413, 551-554, 671-673, 799- 
803, 916-920, 1049-1051, 1161-1161, 1131-1437, 1560-1562, 1687-1689, 105-107, 
223-225, 355-358, 487-489, 595-598, 673-675, 807-909, 939-941, and 1087-1089, 
92 figs. Jan. 10: Heat treating in general. Jan. 24, Feb. 7, 21, Mar. 6 and 20: 
Normalizing and annealing Apr. .">, 17, May 1 and 1.5: Hardening and temper- 
ing. May 29, June 12, 26, July 10 and 24: Carburizing and case-hardening. 
Aug. 7, 21 and Sept. 4: Heat treatment of alloy steels. Sept. 11, 25, Oct. 
9 and 23: Electric furnaces. 

HEATING AND VENTILATION 

Factories. Factory Heating and Ventilation, A. G. King. Domestic Eng. (Chi- 
cago), vol. 108, nos. 3, 5, 9 and vol. 109, no. 4, July 19, Aug. 2, 30 and Oct. 
25, 1924, pp. 20-23, 21-22 and 51-52, 31-35 and 29-33, 16 figs. For heating 
factory buildings three general methods are employed; direct heating by 
pipe coils or radiators, hot-blast heating using heater and fan, or by what is 
termed "unit eating". 

Heat from Human Body, Effect of. Heat Given Up by the Human Body and 
its Effect on Heating and Ventilating Problems, C. P. Yagloglou. Am.'Soc. 
Heating & Vent. Engrs.— JI., vol. 30, no. 8, Aug. 1924, pp. 597-609, 5 figs. 
Analysis of existing data from technical viewpoint; influence of temperatures, 
humidity, and air movement upon heat loss; influence of mechanical work; 
effect of body heat on heating and ventilating problems. 

Practice. Some Comments on Present Day Heating and Ventilating Practice, 
W. S. Timmis. Am. Soc. Heating & Vent. Eng. — Jl., vol. 30, no. 5, May 
1924, pp. 395-403, 2 figs. Outlines results of recent investigations in heating 
and ventilating research. 

HEATING, ELECTRIC 

Costs. Costs of Electric Heating, E. F. Collins. Elec. World, vol. 84, no. 17, Oct. 
25, 1924, pp. 885-886. Basis of comparison from cost standpoint. 

Wall Stacks for Gravity Systems. Selecting Wall Stacks Scientifically for 
Gravity Warm Air Heating Systems, V. S. Day. Am. Soc. Heating & Vent. 
Eng. — Jl., vol. 30, no. 5, May 1924, 391-394, 2 figs. Presents curves showing 
heating effect obtainable at registers for variety of stack areas and register 
for air temperatures. 

HEATING, STEAM 
Central. Additional Steam Lines and Plant of the New York Steam Corporation. 
Power, vol. 60, no. 21, Nov. 18, 1924, pp. 807-808, 2 figs. Steam for both 
power and heat is distributed at 125-lb. gage, while generation will be at 200 lb., 
in proposed new steam station; steam in all cases is utilized directly from boilers 
without power production before entering distributing mains. 

District Steam Heating Proves Economical, H. A. Woodworth. Power 
Plant Eng., vol. 28, no. 21, Nov. 1, 1924, pp. 1107-1110, 5 figs. System using 
high-pressure steam in St. Louis business district shows considerable saving 
over use of isolated plants. 

Hot-Water vs. Comparative Tests of Heating Systems. Power, vol. 60, no. 20, 
Nov. 11, 1924, pp. 783-784, 2 figs. Intermediate-type thermostats are said 
to be superior to positive; automatic control from centra! point; results of tests 
to determine practical disadvantages rather than quantitative savings; heating 
requirements for steam and hot-water systems in two hotels were compared. 
(Abstract.) Report of Heat Utilization Committee before Nat. District 
Heating Assn. 

HELICOPTERS 

Aerodynamics and Construction. An Introduction to the Helicopter, A. Klemin. 
Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 739-751, 15 figs. Review 
of aerodynamic and construction data thus far available, together with descrip- 
tions of number of modern helicopters; difficulties to be met; lines of develop- 
ment open; possible uses. 

HYDRAULIC TURBINES 

Governors. Automatic Speed Regulator for Hydraulic Turbines (Regolatore 
automatico di velocita per turbine idrauliche). Industria, vol. 38, no. 17, 
Sept. 15, 1924, pp. 476-479, 4 figs. Design and operation of Parenti regulator. 

Propeller-Type. Propeller-Type Turbines of the Hydroelectric Plant at Wynau, 
Switzerland. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 704-705, 2 figs. 
Describes use of high-speed propeller-type turbines and gives test data. Tran- 
slated from Genie Civil, vol. 85, no. 7, Aug. 16. 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC DEVELOPMENTS 

Improvements. Recent Advances in Hvdro-Electric Engineering Practice, L. F. 
Harza. West. Soc. Engrs.— Jl., vol. 29, no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 339-349. Brief 
history of development of principal parts of hydroelectric stations, and advances 
that have been made in past 20 years; higher speeds, improved draft tubes, 
better control apparatus and mechanical refinements are among improvements 
described. 

Power Rates. Power Rates in Hydro Development, Rob. F. Ewald. Elec. World, 
vol. 84, no. 19, Nov. 8, 1924, pp. 993-995, 1 fig. Economic limits of develop- 
ment of water power are fixed by maximum rates for various periods; com- 
putations by means of "energy drawn-down diagrams" explained. 
HYDRO-ELECTRIC PLANTS 

Ice Troubles. Combating Ice Trouble in Water Power Plants in Norway, A. Ruths. 
Eng. & Contracting (Water Works), vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 8, 1924, pp. 805-809. 
Conditions encountered and methods employed. Paper presented at World 
Power Conference, Lond. 

Low-Head Power Sites. Redevelopment Improves Output of Low-Head Power 
Sites, H. W. Taylor. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 19, Nov. 6, 1924, pp. 
754-756, 3 figs. Output, which was restricted by unregulated flow, was im- 
proved by combining head of two plants; installations based on flow studies; 
describes new power house on Housatonic River of Smith Paper Co., Lee, 
Mass. 

Newfoundland. The Humberarm Hydro-electric Development in Newfoundland. 
Engineer, vol. 138, no. 3593, Nov. 7, 1924, pr>. 514-517, 17 figs, partly on p. 526. 
Scheme will provide a storage of 30,000,000,000 cu. ft. of water, representing 
theoretical effective horsepower of 113,000; details of arrangement of dam, 
intake, canals and pipe line, power house and equipment. 

Saguenay River, Quebec. Building an Hydro-Electric Plant on Saguenav River. 
Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, nos. 16, 17 and 18, Oct. 16, 23 and 30, 1924, pp. 
616-619, 662-665 and 702-705, 18 figs. Electrically driven construction equip- 
ment used entirely on 500,000-hp. operation in Northern Quebec; work lasts 
through three sub-arctic winters; 35-mi. service railway used. Oct. 16: develop- 
ing access and habitation. Oct. 23: Installing plant and power. Oct. 30: 
Construction progress and methods. 

49 



Standard Tests. Standard Tests for Hydraulic Power Plants. Instn. Mech 
Engrs.— Proc, no. 4, July 1924, pp. 567-587, 1 fig. Discussion on draft standard 
test code for hydraulic power plants drawn up by joint committee of Instn. 
Civ. Engrs. and Instn. Mech. Engrs. 

Winter Reconstruction. Winter Reconstruction at the Spier Falls (N. Y. Power 
Plant, C. Voetsch. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 20, Nov. 13, 1924, pp. 791- 
795, 6 figs. Old foundations adapted to suit larger units; unwatering part of 
tailracc is difficult problem; methods and results of winter concreting. 

HYDROGRAPHY 
International Hydrographio Bureau. The International Hydrographic Bureau, 
Geo. E. Brandt. U.S. Nav. Inst. — Proc, vol. 50, no. 260, Oct. 1924. pp.' 
1658-1664. Its character, organization and scope. 



ICE PLANTS 
Development. Forty Years Development in Ice and Refrigerating Plants H P 
Hill. Nat. Engr., vol. 28, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 479-485, 4 figs. Early history 
of refrigeration and description of early type of machines. Recent progres's 
in this field. Paper read at Nat. Assn. Stationary Engrs. 

IGNITION 
Automobile Engines. Magnetos and Coils. Autocar, vol. 53, no. 1511, Oct. 3, 
1924, pp. 629-631, 16 figs. Review of some of the ignition appliances likelv 
to be widely used in 1925. 

IMPACT TESTING 
Notched-Bar Tests. Measuring Metal's Resistance to Shock, R. G Waltenber» 
Chem. & Met. Eng., vol. 31, no. 17, Oct. 27, 1924, pp. 657-658. Study of 
impact tests on monel metal and new methods of obtaining figures indicative 
of toughness of metal tested. 

INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT 

Methods and Principles. Shop Management, Fred. W. Taylor. Mech. Eng., 
vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 806-807. Summary of paper pre^ 
sented in June 1903, dealing with management; high wages and low labor costs; 
planning development; functional management and foremanship; objections 
to usual systems of wage payment; recommended wage system; time study; 
personnel relations and welfare work. 

Printed Forms. The Designing of Printed Forms, P. M. Atkins. Indus Mgt 
(N.Y.), vol. 68, no. 4, Oct. 1924, pp. 235-241, 7 figs. Discusses principal 
points to be considered in design of forms. 

Production Increase. No Safe Short Cut to High Production, H. H. Farquhar 
Am. Mach., vol. 16, no. 19, Nov. 6, 1924, pp. 727-729. Effect of installing 
incentive-payment schemes without proper preparation; efforts to increase 
production must suit local conditions; responsibilities of management and 
its essential functions. Paper presented at Nat. Machine Tool Bldrs.' Assn. 

Purchasing Agent. The Qualifications of a Purchasing Agent, C. T. Yates Tavlor 
Soc— Bui., vol. 9, no. 5, Oct. 1924, pp. 230-232. How purchasing agent 
functions and what he contributes in scientifically managed plant. 

Statistical Analyses. Analyzing Statements of Operating Results, Geo. S. Cremer 
and Wm. R. Drachbar. Mgt. & Administration, vol. 8, no. 5, Nov. 1924, 
pp. 507-508, 3 figs. Gives some of the uses of deep-cutting statistical analyses. 

INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION 

Cost Reduction. Organizing a Business for Cost Reduction, J. H. Van Deventer 
Indus. Mgt. (N. Y.), vol. 68, no. 4, Oct. 1924, pp. 193-197. Discusses part 
that cost department should play in general program of company progress. 

Executive Control. Organization for Successful Operation, B. A. Franklin. 
Mgt. & Administration, vol. 8, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 513-516. Discusses 
important requirements to be met, and methods to be followed for upbuilding 
of smoothly operating and result-getting organization. 

Plan. Business Organization from a New Viewpoint, E. P. Hyde. Indus Mgt 
(N. Y.), /ol. 6S, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 273-280. Plan of organization is sug- 
gested for large business engaged in both manufacture and sale of technical 
commodity, maintaining technical departments for manufacturing and sales 
development, and conducting other activities auxiliary to business. 

INSPECTION 

Methods. Inspection Methods Symposium. Soc. Automotive Engrs. — Jl., vol. 15, 
no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 437-439 and 466. Gives abstracts of three papers, 
by A. H. Frauenthal, C. S. Stark, and C. J. Jones, respectively, followed by 
discussion. 

INSULATING MATERIALS, ELECTRIC 

Evaluation. Evaluation of Insulating Materials, L. E. Barringer. Elec World 
vol. 84, no. 18, Nov. 1, 1924, pp. 950-952, 10 figs. Difficulty encountered in 
formulation of tables of properties that can be used for comparisons; uniform 
testing methods being used that will standardize practice. 

INSULATORS, ELECTRIC 

High-Tension. High Voltage Insulators, A. Collins. Electrician, vol. 93, no. 
2422, Oct. 17, 1924, pp. 438-439, 3 figs. Draws attention to bearing of time- 
voltage characteristic upon factor of safety of insulation of electric plant and 
describes method employed by Micanite & Insulators Co. in carrying out 
commercial tests on high-voltage insulators. 

Manufacture. Manufacture of High-Voltage Insulators, M. H. Hunt. Chem. 
& Met. Eng., vol. 31, no. 19, Nov. 10, 1924, pp. 728-733, 10 figs. Brief exposi- 
tion on raw material and processes of insulator manufacture, with particular 
reference to operations at Westinghouse company's plant at Emergyville, Cal. 

INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES 

Gas Distribution. Determination of Gas Distribution in Internal-Combustion 
Engines by Gas Analysis, G. W. Jones, W. P. Yant and L. B. Berger. U. S. 
Bur. Mines — Reports of Investigations, no. 2631, Aug. 1924, 6 pp., 4 figs, 
on supp. plates. Describes simple portable apparatus for making determina- 
tion; tests showing results obtained from engine having good distribution, and 
tests made under road conditions on engine giving poor distribution. 

Synchro-Balance. The Synchro-Balance Internal-Combustion Engine: Empire 
Exhibition. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3C69, Oct. 24, 1924, p. 593, 4 figs. 
Describes mechanism employed for transforming reciprocating motion of 
pistons into rotary motion of crankshaft. 

See also Airplane Engines; Automobile Engines; Diesel Engines; Gas Engines; 
Gas Turbines; Oil Engines. 

IRON ALLOYS 

Gray-Iron. The Analysis of Grey Iron Foundry Alloys. Foundry Trade Jl., 
vol. 30, nos. 415, 416, 418, 421, 422, 423, and 424, July 31, Aug. 7, 21, Sept. 
11, 18, 25 and Oct. 2, 1924, pp. 89-91, 118-119, 165-166, 221-222, 268-269 and 
290-291, 10 figs. Methods for analysis of pig-iron, cast iron (castings), ferro- 
silicon, speigel, silico-speigel, and fcrro-manganesc, which are, in author's 
opinion, most applicable to gray iron foundry practice. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



IRON AND STEEL 

Industrial Possibilities, British Coldmbia. Possibilities for an Iron and Steel 

Industry in British Columbia, C. P. W. Schwengers. Can Inst Mm & 

Metallurgy— Monthly Bui., no. 149, Sept. 1924, pp. 589-593 Subject is 

approached from view points of business man rather than from that of techno- 

IRON CASTINGS 

Contraction \\-r> Warping. Contraction and Warping in Castings, J. Gray. 
Foundry Trade .11., vol. 30, no 427, Oct. 23. 1924, p. 348. Report of paper 
read to" Inst. Brit. Foundrymen. . 

Sulphur is Hardening Agent. Sulphur as a Hardening Agent, R. H. 1 aimer. 
Foundry vol. 52, no. 22, Nov. 15. 1924, pp. 894-S96, 8 figs. Series of exper- 
iments carried out to determine relative hardening value of varying amounts 
of sulphur added to iron which later was poured into chill molds. 

IRON, PIG 
Characteristics. Characteristics that Chemical Analysis Fails to Disclose in 
Pig-iron and Castings, W. E. Jominy. Foundry Trade Jl., vol. 30, no. 428, 
Oct 30 19 ,: >4 pp 371-376, 16 figs. Results of author's examination of pig-iron 
samples' over' period of four months from five different blast furnaces; gives 
comparative strengths of irons produced from coke furnaces and those from 
charcoal furnaces. (Abstract.) Paper read before Am Foundrymen s Assn. 
See also Metal Industry (Lond.), vol. 25, no. 18, Oct. 31, 1924, p. 432, 2 figs. 

IRRIGATION 

Legislation, U.S. Irrigation and Drainage Laws Critically Reviewed. Eng. 
News-Rec., vol. 93, no. 20. Nov. 13, 1924, pp. 788-790, 1 fig U.S. Dept. 
of Agriculture reports on land-reclamation policies; subsidies and failure; excess 
reclamation; future of reclamation. 

Recovery of Return and Seepage Waters. Recovery of Return and Seepage 
Waters in California, T. R. Simpson. Eng. News-Rec, yol. 93, no. 19, Nov. 6, 
1924, pp. 751-754, 6 figs. Applications for right to divert return flow are 
frequent; area irrigated with such water is rapidly increasing. 



LABORATORIES 
Metallurgical, for Testing Materials. Testing Materials in the Laboratory. 
Machy (N Y.), vol. 31, no. 3, Nov. 1924, pp. 184-186, 7 figs. How metal- 
lurgical laboratory maintained by Bullard Machine Tool Co. controls quality 
of materials used in building machines in shop. 
LATHES 
Inspection. Checking Lathes for Accuracy. Machy. (N. Y.), vol. 31, no. 3, Nov. 
1924, pp. 195-199, 12 figs. Methods employed at plant of Am. lool Works 
Co., Cincinnati, in inspecting various parts of lathes and assembled machines. 

LEVELING 
Precise. Precise Leveling in New England, E. B. Roberts. Boston Soc Civ. 
Engrs— Jl., vol. 10, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 283-313, 5 figs. Account of work 
by U S. Coast and Geodetic Survey in establishing line of precise levels from 
Providence, R.I., to Portland, Me.; descriptions and elevations of permanent 
bench marks. 

LIGHTING 

Office «d Plant Building. High-Intensity Illumination. Elec. World, vol. 84, 
no 18, Nov 1, 1924, pp. 943-949, 23 figs. Describes lighting equipment 
installed in offices and plant of McGraw-Hill Co. in New York City; problems 
encountered and types of equipment required. . 

Progress 1923-1924. The Year's Progress in Illumination, 1923-1924. Illuminating 
Eng. Soc— Trans., vol. 19, no. 8, Oct. 1924, pp. 711-800, 1924 report of Com- 
mittee on Progress. Deals with gas; incandescent electric, and arc and vapor 
tube lamps; lamps for projection purposes; street lighting and other exterior 
illumination; interior illumination; luminaires; photometry; physics; physio- 
logy; illuminating engineering. Bibliography. 

LIQUIDS 

Boiling-point Correction Chart. A Boiling Point Correction Chart for Normal 
Liquids, W. H. Bahlke and Rob. E. Wilson. Indus. & Eng. Chem., vol. 16, 
no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 1131-1132, 3 figs. With special application to petro- 
leum products; chart may be used with reasonable accuracy for any of so-called 
non-associated liquids. . 

Viscous, Motion of. An Apparatus for Investigating Certain Types of Muid 
Motion, E. N. da C. Andrade and J. W. Lewis. Sci. Instruments— Jl., vol. 1, 
no. 12, Sept. 1924, pp. 373-377, 3 figs. Designed to exhibit types of motion 
of viscous liquid between two rotating cylinders. 

LOCOMOTIVES 

Boosters. Locomotive Boosters and Their Effect on Locomotive Design and Train 
Operation. Ry. & Locomotive Eng., vol. 37, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 299- 
300. Consideration of limitations and functions; what booster is capable 
of doing in passenger and freight service. Committee report before Travelling 
Engrs. Assn. 

Decapod. Decapod Tests Show Well Defined Fuel Economy. Ry. Mech. Engr., 
vol. 98, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 662-666, 12 figs. Addition of feedwater heater 
results in 14 per cent coal saving over previous lis Pennsylvania locomotives. 

Feedwater Treatment. Water Treatment on the Chicago & Alton R. R., L. O. 
Gunderson. Ry. Rev., vol. 75, no. 16, Oct. 18, 1924, pp. 571-575, 3 figs. 
Results of systematic soda-ash treatment for locomotive-boiler waters of 
exceptionally undesirable quality. 

High-Pressure System. Locomotive Evolution, J. Riekie. Ry. Engr., vol. 45, 
no. 538, Nov. 1924, pp. 373-375, 2 figs. Advocates use of very high pressures 
on compound principle, in conjunction with boiler of flash type. 

Oil-Burning. How to Improve Oil Burning on Locomotives. Ry. & Locomotive 
Eng., vol. 37, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 302-308. Design and location of oil bur- 
ners; air openings; dampers; furnace design; refractories. Committee report 
before Travelling Engrs.' Assn. 

Running Repairs. Union Pacific Systematizes Running Repairs. Ry. Mech. 
Engr., vol. 98, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 694-696, 5 figs. Periodical detentions 
reduce locomotive maintenance costs 10 per cent with increased service. 

Steam-Turbine. A New Turbo-Locomotive for the German State Railways. Ry. 
Gaz., vol. 41, no. 16, Oct. 17, 1924, p. 513-516, 9 figs. Designed and built at 
Krupp Works, Essen, and since subjected to experimental runs for testing 
purposes. 

Zoelly Turbine Locomotive. Engineer, vol. 138, no. 3593, Nov. 7, 1924, 
pp. 530-532, 4 figs. Features of new Swiss locomotive which has had remark- 
ably successful trial trips. 

Switching. Powerful Six-Wheel Switcher for the Monon. Ry. Mech. Engr., 
vol. 98, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 660-661, 1 fig. Details of 0-6-0 switching 
locomotives which develop 42,000 lb. tractive force with 57-in. drivers and 
have total weight of 191,000 lb. 



Testing with Electric Locomotive. Unusual Method of Testing Steam Loco- 
motives. Ry. Age, vol. 77, no. 17, Oct. 25, 1924, pp. 733-734, 2 figs. Describes 
use of regenerative braking feature of electric locomotive for determining 
drawbar pull of 3-cylinder Mikado locomotive. See also Ry. Rev., vol. 75, 
no. 17, Oct. 25, 1924, pp. 611-615, 10 figs. 

Welding Practice. Standardizing Welding Practice in Locomotive Shops, J. S. 
Heaton. Boiler Maker, vol. 23, no. 16, Oct. 1924, pp. 295-297. Suggestions 
for good welding practice, which have proven their merit in shops of Wabash 
System, Decatur, 111. Discusses methods of maintaining records of welding, 
arrangement of a welding shop, system of carrying out firebox repairs with 
the process, flue welding and care of equipment. 

LUBRICATING OILS 
Deterioration. Causes of Change in Lubricating and Insulating Oils in Use 
(Beobachtungen iiber die Ursachen der Veranderung der Schmier- und Iso- 
lier<;lo im Gebraueh), F. Frank. Petroleum, vol. 20, no. 29, Oct. 10, 1924, 
pp. 1488-1493. Discusses effects of oxygen on oil and formation of acids, 
formation of metal compounds by acids and bearing metal; treating transfor- 
mer oils with ethvl alcohol. See also Braunkohle, vol. 23, no. 29, Oct. 18, 
1924, pp. 537-542. 



M 



MACHINE SHOPS 

Cost Reduction. Reducing Shop Cost in the Engineering Department, J. A. 
Davis. Am. Maeh., vol. 61, no. 20, Nov. 13, 1924. pp. 761-763, 8 figs. Reducing 
quantity and variety of tools and fixtures; modifying design without detriment 
to product; avoiding close tolerances where they are unnecessary. 

Signaling System. Signals in the Shon to Speed Production, C. J. Priebe. Am. 
Maeh., vol. 61, no. 19, Nov. 6, 1924. pp. 731-734, 6 figs. How workman calls 
foreman, inspector or dispatcher; plan is part of production-control system, 
and is said to save time and keep materials moving properly. 

MACHINE TOOLS 

Automobile Shops. High-Production Machines in the Automobile Shops. Am. 
Maeh., vol. 61, nos. 5 and 7, July 31 and Aug. 14, 1924, pp. 191-194 and 277- 
279, 16 figs. July 31: "Simplimatic" lathe. Aug. 14: M.-G. production 
unit made by Meldrum-Gabrielson Corp., Syracuse, N.Y. 

Developments. Fourth New Haven Machine-Tool Exhibition. Mech. Eng., 
vol. 46, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 698-700. Review of papers and discussion 
in connection with exhibition conducted under auspices of A.S.M.E. New 
Haven Section, Yale University, and New Haven Chamber of Commerce. 

MACHINING METHODS 

Blueprints, Elimination of. Eliminating Blue Prints in Machining. Iron Age, 
vol. 114, no. 21, Nov. 20, 1924, pp. 1327-1328, 4 figs. _ Jigs registering from 
machined surface are used for tool setting; "greased air" employed in deep- 
hole drilling; practice at Snow-Holley Works, Buffalo, of Worthington Pump 
& Machy. Corp. 

MARINE STEAM TURBINES 

Plymax. A New Steel Coated Material, F. W. Cook. Can. Machy., vol. 32, no. 17, 
Oct. 23, 1924, o. 23, 8 figs. Notes on a material known as "Plymax", made 
by Venesta Ltd., of Lond., Eng., consisting of a plywood core, to which light- 
galvanized iron or lead-coated sheet is rigidly fixed. Claimed to be 80 times 
as stiff as steel plate and twice as stiff as ordinary ply wood, weight for weight. 

MATERIALS HANDLING 

Hand Lift Trucks. Multiplied Manpower and Simplified Handling, M. W. Potts. 
Indus. Mgt. (N. Y.), vol. 68, no. 4, Oct. 1924, pp. 221-228, 12 figs. Deals 
with hand lift truck and skid system. 

Railway Shops. Identification of Material Handling Costs Develops Unusual Pos- 
sibilities. Ry. Rev., vol. 75, no. 19, Nov. 8, 1924, pp. 706-714, 7 figs. Mate- 
rials-handling system established in Angus shops of C. P. railway makes possible 
correct cost finding and permits control of production costs. 

MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 
Bibliography. Bibliography for Measuring Instruments with Special Reference 
to Instruments and Methods of;Meteorology Used in Mechanical Engineering, 
F. J. Schlink. Optical Soc. Am.— Jl., vol. 9, no. 3, Sept. 1924, pp. 309-321. 
Covers general material on physical and mechanical instruments, measurement 
and production of small linear and angular displacements and distances, vibra- 
tions, speeds and time intervals, hysteresis and their relation to instrument 
design and testing, dynamometers, temperature and humidity, weighing 
scales, pressure gages, engine indicators, properties and design of springs, etc. 

MEASURING MACHINES 
End, Line Standards for. Ruling Line Standards, H. B. Lewis and C. G. Peters. 
Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 796-798, 7 figs. Method 
of producing line standards free from measurable error by application of light 
interference and end measuring machine upon which they are used. 

METALS 

Endurance. The Evidence for the Existence of an Endurance or "Fatigue" Limit 
in Metals and its Determination, H. F. Moore and T. M. Jasper. Engineer- 
ing, vol. 118, nos. 3069 and 3071, Oct. 24 and Nov. 7, 1924, pp. 580-582 and 
658-660, 12 figs. S-N diagram and endurance limit; elastic limit and its 
limitations; mechanism of fatigue breakdown of metal; tests for endurance 
limit and fatigue strength; summary of machines and test methods used in 
investigation at Univ. of 111. Paper read before Brit. Assn. at Toronto. 

Internal Structure. The Relationship between Mechanical Treatment and 
Internal Structure of Metals, F. Johnson. Birmingham Met. Soc. — Jl., vol. 
8, no. 11, July 1924, pp. 479-496, 14 figs. Constitution of atoms; inter-atomic 
forces; plastic deformation; twinning in metals; slip-interference theory of 
hardening of metals; relation between grain size and strength; critical range 
of deformation; hardness of solid solutions; alloys of duolex structure. 

Specific Heat. An Improved Method of Measuring the Specific Heats of Metals 
at High Temperatures, K. K. Smith and L. I. Bockstahler. Nat. Acad. 
Sciences— Proc, vol. 10, no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 386-388. Determination of 
specific heat of tungsten at temperatures between 2375 deg. K. and 2475 deg. K. 

X-Ray Examination. X-Rav Examination of Metals at the Watertown Arsenal, 
Watertown, Mass., T. C. Dickson. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. 
issue, 1924, p. 773. Operation of 280,000-volt X-ray equipment and results 
obtained. _ 

MICROSCOPES 

Metu.lographic Wore:. Microscopes for Metallographic Work. Engineering, 
vol. 118, no. 3067, Oct. 10, 1924, pp. 514-515, 6 figs. Describes high-powered 
microscope for use in research laboratory, and mierophotographie apparatus 
for use in industrial plants; microphotographs produced with these instruments 



5o 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



MINE LOCOMOTIVES 
Storage-Battehy. Notes on the Use of Storage-Battery Locomotives and Storage- 
Batteries Underground, J. Shanks. Can. Inst. Min. & Metallurgy — Monthly 
Bui., no. 150, Oct. 1924, pp. 654-666, 12 figs. Author's gives his experience 
in operating different types or designs of locomotives, and draws attention to 
drawbacks of some designs, and to improvements made in more recent storage- 
battery locomotives put on market, as regards efficiency, upkeep and safety. 

MINERAL RESOURCES 

British Columbia. Reconnaissance of Silver Creek, Skagit and Similkameen 
Rivers, Yale District, B.C., C. E. Cairnes. Can. Dept. Mines, Geol. Survey, 
no. 2031, summary report, 1924, part A, pp. 46A-80A, 8 figs, partly on supp. 
plates. General and economic geology. 

Canada. Arnprior-Quyon and Maniwaki Areas, Ontario and Quebec, M. E. Wilson. 
Can. Dept. Mines, Geol. Survey — Memoir 136, geol. series no. 117, 1924, 
152 pp., 41 figs, partly on supp. plates. Location, area and accessibility; 
physiography; general geology; mineral deposits. Bibliography. 

Gaspe Peninsula, Canada. The Mineral Deposits of Gaspe\ F. J. Alcock. Can. 
Min. Jl., vol. 45, no. 4i, Oct. 10, 1924, pp. 1000-1003, 4 figs. History, geology 
and structure; zinc and lead, copper, petroleum, chromite and asbestos deposits. 

MINING 
British Columbia. Conditions Affecting Mining in British Columbia, R. W. 
Brock. Can. Inst. Min. & Metallurgy — Monthly Bui , no. 149, Sept. 1924, 
pp. 597-607. Deals with physical geological and artificial conditions. 

MINING LAWS 
British Columbia. Mining Laws of British Columbia and Some Notes on Blue 
Sky Legislation, A. M. Whiteside. Can. Inst. Min. & Metallurgy — Monthly 
Bui., no. 149, Sept. 1924, pp. 574-585. Discussion of laws bearings upon 
economics of mining in British Columbia. 

MOLDING 
Dry-Sand and Loam. Dry Sand and Loam Moulding, A. Sutcliffe. Foundry 
Trade JL, vol. 29, nos. 402, 405 and 418, May 1, 22 and Aug. 21, 1924, pp. 
341-343, 417-419 and 153-155, 15 figs. Typical jobs recently made, which 
might have been produced by either dry sand or loam method. Treated from 
a jobbing-foundry point of view. 

MOLECULES 

Attraction and Combination. Molecular Attraction and Molecular Combina- 
tion, O. Maass. Franklin Inst. — Jl., vol. 198, no. 2, Aug. 1924, pp. 145-159, 
l.fig.. Author makes preliminary observations with regard to nature and 
distribution of molecular forces in molecule, and then discuss esthree series of 
investigations concerning physical properties, molecular compound formation, 
and velocities of chemical reactions. 

Producer-Gas. Producer-Gas Trucks (Les camions a gaz pauvre), E. Weiss. 
Nature, no. 2635, O^t. 4, 1924, pp. 214-221, 13 figs. Design and construction 
of various types, including Vierzon, Etia, G. P. A., Lion, Renault, Berliet, etc. 

Tipping Gears. The Latest Three-Way Tipping Development. Motor Transport 
(Lond.), vol 39, no. 1024, Oct. 13, 1924, pp. 443-444, 5 figs. Particulars of 
a modification of hand-operated three-way tipping mechanism of F. Waters 
& Co., Rugbv, Eng., incorporating a new device for universal movement 
of lifting screw. 

MUNITIONS 

Manufacturing, Industrial Mobilization for. The Role of the Engineer in In- 
dustrial Mobilization Planning, E. E. MacMorland. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, 
no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 693-695 and (discussion) 695-696. Author shows 
how engineering societies can aid Government materially in its program of 
industrial mobilization in event of war, by providing reserve officers, giving 
advice on technical problems and assisting in development of new weapons, etc. 



N 



51 



NICKEL 

Determination in Ores and Alloys. Determination of Nickel in Ores and Alloys 
by Means of Dimethylglyoxime (Het bepalen van nikkel met dimethylglyoxim 
in ertsen en legeeringen), J. G. Weeldenburg. Chemisch Weekblad, vol. 21, 
no. 30, July 26, 1924, pp. 358-362. Influence of common metals was examined; 
material is dissolved in aqua regia, and lead and alkaline-earth metals are 
removed as sulphates; filtrate is treated with hydrogen sulphide, and nickel 
determined in filtrate after addition of tartaric acid and ammonium chloride; 
if iron and cobalt are present together, former must be reduced before pre- 
cipitation. 

NICKEL DEPOSITS 

Alaska. Alaskan Nickel Minerals, A. F. Buddington. Economic Geology, vol. 19, 
no. 6, Sept. -Oct. 1924, pp. 521-541, 4 figs. Study of specimens collected from 
outcrops of several recently discovered nickeliferous pvrrhotite deposits in 
southeastern Alaska; investigation was made with aid of metallographic 
microscope. 

NITROGEN 

Fixation. Fixed Nitrogen — A National Economic Problem, H. A. Curtis. Chem. 
& Met. Eng., vol. 30, nos. 17, 18, 19 and 20, Apr. 28, May 5, 12 and 19, 1924, 
pp. 667-670, 703-706, 749-752 and 788-790, 6 figs. Apr. 28 and May 5: Essen- 
tial facts of nitrogen situation as it exists in United States. Place that Chilean 
nitrate holds in supplying nitrogen needs of nation. Nitrogen consumption, 
domestic sources of nitrogen supply. Agricultural phase of nitrogen problem. 
Estimate of fixed nitrogen balance sheet in America. May 12: How much 
ammonia will be produced from coal and what it will sell for. May 19: Econom- 
ic phases of importation of Chilean nitrate are bases for price of nitrogen 
ingredients of fertilizer. Explains decreasing importance of organic nitrogen. 

o 

OIL ENGINES 
Heavy-Oil. Gardner Heavy-Oil Engines. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3069, Oct. 24, 
1924, pp. 595-598, 37 figs. Details of engines of hot-bulb type exhibited at 
British Empire Exhibition. 

300 B. H. P. Heavy Oil Engine. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3071, Nov. 7, 
1924, pp. 638-640, 8 figs. Describes horizontal cold-starting oil engine exhibited 
by Blackstone & Co. at British Empire Exhibition. 

OIL FUEL 
Burning. Hazards of Industrial Oil Burning, H. E. Newell. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, 
no. 11a, mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 765-768. Discussion of flash point; heating 
of oil in storage tank; storage methods; fire hazard; features of design; installa- 
tion and operation; cause of oil fires. 



Oil Burning in Industrial-Plant and Central-Station Service, N. E. Lewis. 
Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 849-851, 1 fig. Steam 
atomizing vs. mechanical atomizing oil burners; oil heaters; furnace volume; 
introducing air for combustion; firebrick problems due to high furnace tem- 
peratures. 
Storage and Handling. The Storage and Handling of Fuel Oil in Industrial 
Plants, C. G. Sheffield and H. H. Fleming. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, 
mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 771-773, 1 table. Storing and handling of fuel oil 
for land oil-burning installations; deals with location, foundations, construc- 
tion of steel tanks themselves, handling and heating. 

OIL SHALES 

New Brunswick, Can. Bituminous Shales of New Brunswick, M. Lodge. Can. 
Min. Jl., vol. 45, no. 40, Oct. 3, 1924, pp. 972-975, 4 figs. Some estimates of 
quantities in New Brunswick field. 

Refining. The Refining of Oil-Shale, E. M. Bailey. Instn. Petroleum Technolo- 
gists— Jl.. vol. 10, no. 44, July 1924, pp. 527-553 and (discussion) 553-559, 8 figs. 
Production of crude oil and sulphate of ammonia; distillation of crude oil; 
treatment or washing of distillates; estraction of solid paraffin; refining of crude 
solid paraffin. Paper read before Empire Min. & Met. Congress. 

OIL WELLS 

Drilling. The Evolution of Oil-Weil Drilling Method, A. B. Thompson. Instn 
Petroleum Technologists — Jl., vol. 10, no. 44, July 1924, pp. 432-451 and 
(discussion) 451-458, 8 figs. General classification of systems in use; process 
of evolution. 

OPEN-HEARTH FURNACES 

Acid. Importance of Temperature in Acid Open-Hearth Practice, E. G. Smith. 
Foundry Trade JL, vol. 30, no. 426, Oct. 16, 1924, p. 341. Advantages of 
hot working are summarized. 

Producer-Gas-Fired. Recent Developments in Open-Hearth Furnace Practice. 
Fuels & Furnaces, vol. 2, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 1057-1058, 2 figs. Use of jets 
of compressed air or steam to increase rate of combustion in producer-gas- 
fired furnaces. 

ORE DRESSING 

Ball- and Tube-Mill Liners. Ball- and Tube-mill Liners, Wm. T. W. Miller. 
Eng. & Min. Jl.-Press, vol. 118, no. 16, Oct. 18, 1924, pp. 613-617, 29 figs. 
Recent development has brought out many designs which help to increase 
grinding efficiency and prolong effective life of steel. 

OXY-ACETYLENE WELDING 

Methods. Cutting Manufacturing Costs by Means of the Oxy-Acetylene Blowpipe, 
Geo. E. Hagemann. Mgt. & Administration, vol. 8, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 
509-512, 10 figs. Examples of work, based on data and photographs fur- 
nished by Linde Air Products Co. 

Manganese Steel. Welding Manganese Steel by the Oxy-Acetylene Process, B. K. 
Smith. Eng. & Contracting (Railways), vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 15, 1924, pp. 
882-884, 3 figs. Repairing of worn or broken special work. From Tran- 
smitter-.Il. 



PAINTS 

Aluminum. Some Observations on Aluminum Paints, P. H. Walker and E.F. 
Hickson. Chem. & Met. Eng., vol. 31, no. 18, Nov. 3, 1924, pp. 693-696, 
12 figs. Tests showing how and when aluminum paints can be used most 
satisfactorily. 

Colloidal Lead Suspension. A New Lead Paint, R. Ditmar. Chem. & Met. ling., 
vol. 31, no. 20, Nov. 17, 1924, p. 775. Colloidal suspension of metallic lead 
in linseed oil forms effective protective coating; material is being marketed in 
Europe under name of Subox; when applied to iron, metals, wood, cardboard, 
cement, etc., it is claimed that firmly adhering film of metallic lead is obtained 
on coated material after suspension agent has become dry. 

PIPE 
Hammer-Welded. Making Large Size Hammer-welded Pipe, Geo. F. Tegan. 
Iron Age, vol. 114, no. 20, Nov. 13, 1924, pp. 1263-1268, 11 figs. Practice of 
Nat. Tube Co., McKeesport, Pa., in manufacture of penstocks, tanks, stills, 
digesters and receivers; methods of forming and welding; finishing to size. 

PIPE, WROUGHT IRON 
Manufacture. The Man-facture of Wrought Iron Pipe. Universal Engr., vol. 
40, no. 4, Oct. 1924, pp. 34-40, 16 figs. Chemical and physical characterises. 

PISTON RINGS 
Design. The Design of Piston Rings. Maehy. (Lond.), vol. 25, no. 632, Nov. 6, 
1924, pp. 171-173, 5 figs. Remarks and data applying to Ramsbottom type 
of ring; formula for radial pressure; normal stress on cross section of ring. 

PISTONS 
Pins. Some Notes on Carburized Piston Pins, R. S. Archer. Am. Soc. Steel Treat- 
ing — Trans., vol. 6, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 615-618. Discusses manufacture and 
heat treatment of piston pins used in Liberty aircraft engines which were 
produced in large quantities during World War; types of steels used, their 
heat treatment and methods of testing. 

PLATES 

Annular. The Elastic Stability of an Annular Plate, W. R. Dean. Roy. Soc. — 
Proc, vol. 106, no. A-737, Sept. 1, 1924, pp. 268-284, 3 figs. Deals with 
elastic stability of a circular annular plate under uniform shearing forces 
applied at its edges. 

PLATINUM 

Canada. Platinum Situation in Canada. Can. Min. Jl., vol. 45, no. 39, Sept. 
26, 1924, pp. 953-954. R£sum6 of conditions. 

Deposits. Platiniferous Rocks from Tulameen Map-Area, Yale District, British 
Columbia, and Ural Mountains, Russia, E. Poitevin. Can. Dept. Mines, 
Geol. Survey, no. 2031, summary report, 1924, part A, pp. 84A-101A, 8 figs, 
partly on supp. plates. Chemical composition of platinum; primary deposits; 
placer deposits; petrographic and mineralogical comparison of platinum- 
bearing rocks of Ural mountains, Russia, and of Tulameen map area, B.C. 

POWER FACTOR 

Correction. Power Factor Correction, R. A. Neal. Iron & Steel Engr., vol. 1, 
no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 564-565, 1 fig. States typical case covering application 
of a static or synchronous condenser; shows savings effected by use of statio 
condenser. 

PRESSURE VESSELS 

Unfired, Mouthpiece Rings for. Calculating the Stress in Mouthpiece Rings 
for Unfired Pressure Vessels. Boiler Maker, vol. 23, no. 16, Oct. 1924, pp. 
287-291. Discusses internal stresses, distribution of circumferential stresses, 
and other forces acting on ring. Reprinted from Locomotive. 



10 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



PROJECTILES 
Spinning, Drift of. On the Drift of Spinning Projectiles, J. W. Campbell. Roy. 
Soc— Proc., vol. 106, no. A-737, Sept. 1, 1924, pp. 222-232, 1 fig. Discusses 
case of drift of spinning projectiles where yaw and inclination of axis of pro- 
jectile to plane of fire do not become too great. 

PROSPECTING 

Radio, by. Prospecting by Radio, W. C. Riley. Eng. & Min. Jl. -Press, vol. 118, 
no. 19. Nov. 8, 1924. pp 733-734, 2 figs. Development and possibilities of 
electrical investigations by this method. 

PULVERIZED COAL . 
Boiler Firing. Economic Interest of Use of Pulverized Coal in Boilers (Inte>fit 
e>onomique de l'emploi du charbon pulverise dans les foyers de chaudieres), 
M. de Vathaire. Revue de l'Industrie Minerale, no. 91, Oct. 1, 1924, pp. 
469-4S0. Fineness of pulverization; efficiencv of pulverized coal; boiler tests; 
comparison with other kinds of firms. 

Notes on Pulverized Coal as a Fuel in Practice, A. E. Val Davies. S. 
African Inst. Elec. Engrs —Trans., vol. 15, part 7, July 1924, pp. 429-133. 
Reply to discussion. 
Systems, Hazards of. The Hazards of Pulverized-Fuel Systems, H. E. Newell 
and_Roh. Palm. Meoh. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 
Principal features underlying proper installations; types of systems; 
driers of indirect type; safety requirements. 

PUMPING STATIONS 

Central. No Unnecessary Pipe Fittings in this Pump Station, J. H. Edwards. 
Coal Age. vol. 26, no. 19. Nov. 6, 1924. pp. 651-654, 7 figs. New central 
pump station of Keystone Coal & Coke Co., Greensburg, Pa.; single-stage 
centrifugal pumps are connected in series; units rated 400 hp., 4200 gal. per min., 
285-ft. head; brick-lined duct connects pump house with 60-acre sump. 

I-ravce. The Loire Pumping Station at Pertuiset (Station de pompage dans la 
Loire au Pertuiset (Loire), G. J. Laferrir-re. Genie Civil, vol. S5, no. 17, 
Oct. 2.5, 1924, pp. 357-360, 10 figs. Details of water intake, feed pumps, 
reservoirs, sand filters, and main pumping plant of a station on Loire river, 
having capacity of 5000 m3 per 22 hours, for industrial purposes. 

PUMPS, CENTRIFUGAL 
High-Lift Centrifugal Pumps at the British Empire Exhibition. Engineering, 

v °k l 18 ., n o- 3070, Oct. 31, 1924, pp. 625-627, 10 figs. High-lift turbine pumps 

exhibited by Brit. Elec. Plant Co. 
Turbine-Driven-. Port of London Authority Rotarv Hydraulic Pumping Plant. 

4>ower Engr., vol. 19, no. 223, Oct. 1924, pp. 378-382, 6 figs. Describes two 

turbine pumping plants for furnishing high-pressure water at London docks. 



R 



RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION 
Canada. A Larger Program of Railroad Building, C. S. Gzowski. Ry. Rev., vol. 
75. no. 19, Nov. 9, 1924, pp. 693-690, 14 figs. Construction of lines which 
now make up Canadian national railways system in Western Canada. 

RAILWAY ELECTRIFICATION 

Chile. Electrification of the Lines Valparaiso-Santiago and Vegas-Andes (La 
Electrificacion de la I Zona de los F. F. C. C. del Estado; Ltneas de Valparaiso 
a Santiago y de las Vegas a Los Andes), R. S. Puga. Instituto de Ingenieros 
de Chile— Anales, vol. 24, nos. 1 and 2, Jan. and Feb. 1924, pp. 18-33 and 
71-94, 4 figs. Details of system adopted and its characteristics, power pro- 
duction and distribution, substations, locomotives for passenger and freight 
traffic. Advantages of electrification. 

Financial Aspects. The Financial Aspects of Main Line Electrification, Phil. 
Dawson. World Power, vol. 2, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 274-278. Author 
seeks to disprove idea that only where water power is available, or in case of 
mountain lines, can complete electrification of railway system be justified. 

France. Some Views on Railway Electrification in France (Quelques apercus sur 
relectrification des chemins de fer en France), L. Barbillion. Industrie Elee- 
trique, vol. 33, no. 776, Oct. 25, 1924, pp. 421-425. Discusses power con- 
sumption; three-phase, single-phase, and d. c. traction; etc. 

Switzerland. Main Line Railway Electrification, S. Parker Smith and Phil. Dawson. 
Engineer, vol. 137, nos. 3571, 3572 and 3573, June 6, 13, and 20, 1924, pp. 
633-636, 653-654 and 684-685, 27 figs. June 6: Electrification of Swiss rail- 
ways; reasons for electrification; choice of system; tabular data on electric 
rolling stock; present state of electrification; Berne-Loetschberg-Simplon 
railway; tabular data on supp. plate of different lines. June 13; Rhaetian 
ra j W D y - : Swiss federal railways; single-phase lines. June 20: Simplon tunnel 
and Brique-Sitten 3-phase lines; Freiburg-Murten-Ins railway; Burgdorf-Thun 
railway. 

RAILWAY MANAGEMENT 

Stores Department. The Building of a Stores Department. Ry. Rev., vol. 75, 
no. 17, Oct. 25, 1924, pp. 619-623, 13 figs. In order to stimulate interest of 
employees in reorganization plan of Erie R. R., cash prizes were offered for 
best division storehouse and best individual storehouse during 1923; installation 
of best established practices instrumental in effecting substantial savings in 
stores department. 

RAILWAY MOTOR CARS 

GaSOLine-Electkic. Application of Internal-Combustion Engines to Rail Traction 
(Applieazione dei moto.-i a combustione interna alia trazione su rotaie), M. 
Mellini and M. Maggiorelli. Rivista Tecniea delle Ferrovie Italiane, vol 26, 
nos. 1-2 and 3, July 15-Aug. 15 and Sept. 15, 1924, pp. 1-17 and 68-83, 22 figs. 
Discusses substitution of gasoline-electric for steam and its problems, and 
gives details of design and construction of principal tvpes of railway motor 
pars including A. E. G., Berliet, Deutsche Werke, Fiat, Renault, Scemia, 
Croehat, Sulzer-Brown-Boveri, etc.; also Diesel-steam equipment. 

_ ■ RAILWAY SIGNALING 

controlled Manual Block. Controlled Manual Block with Train Control. 
Ry. Age, vol. 77, no. 19, Nov. 8, 1924, pp. 843-847, 9 figs. Missouri Pacific 
eliminates train orders by directing train movements with signal indications 
See also Ry. Signaling, vol. 17, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 423-428, 12 figs. 

Hall System. Transmission by Wire for Long Distances or Under Difficulties and 
Use of Electric Signals (Note sur les transmissions par fils a longue distance 
ou difficiles et l'emploi de signaux it moteur) . Revue Universelle des Transports, 
vol. 1 no. 11, Aug. 1, 1924, pp. 171-172, 2 figs. Details of Hall system of work- 
ing railway signals by means of an electric storage-battery motor. 

l oi.vt Operation, Long-Distance. A New Method for the Long-Distance Opera- 
tion of Points. Ry. Engr., vol. 45, no. 538, Nov. 1924, pp. 386-388, 4 figs. 
At Charleville, on Great Southern & Western of Ireland, some facing points 
are being operated at over a mile from their lever; power is obtained through 
hand-operated generator, and this is first instance of such means being em- 
ployed for point and signal operation. See also Ry. Gaz., vol. 41, no 15 
l " ' 10, 1924, pp. 476-478, 4 figs. 



RAILWAY TRACK 

Weed Burners. Illinois Central Imnroves Equipment for Burning Weeds with 
Oil, C. R. Knowles. Ry. Eng. & Maintenance, vol. 20, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 
433^35, 5 figs. Economy and effectiveness of process augmented by atomiz- 
ing oil with steam. 

RAILWAYS 

Reorganization, Germany. Reorganization of the German Railways, Wm. Ac- 
worth. Ry. Age, vol. 77, no. 18, Nov. 1, 1924, pp. 799-802. Government 
management abandoned under Dawes plan to make efficient and profitable 
operation possible; details of new organization. 

Train Resistance to Motion. The Resistance of Express Trains, C. F. D. Marshall. 
Ry. Engr., vol. 45, nos. 528-529, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534, 535, 536, 537 and 
538, Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, Julv, Aug., Sept., Oct. and Nov., 
1924. pp. 13-18, 45-49 and 71, 86-90, 133-137, 174-178, 210-214, 246-250, 
286-291, 319-325, 355-358 and 396-399, 44 figs, partly on supp. plate. Jan.: 
Critical discussion of present state of theory and practice of subject, and 
suggestions for development of former and improvement of latter. Feb.: 
Atmospheric resistance in a calm; resistance constants for carriages; effect of 
acceleration. Mar.: Effect of gradients; speeds on gradients; effect of curves. 
Apr.: Natural wind; effect of direct wind; effect of wind gusts on frontal pres- 
sures; limiting speeds. May: Resultant wind; angle of resultant for various 
wind angles; effect of soeed on resultant wind; ratios of speed of resultant to 
that of travel. June: Effect of oblique winds; consideration of flange friction; 
lines of flow round train. July: Oblique winds and air resistance; effect for 
different kinds of train; effect of gusts on resultant wind; resistance of engines. 
Aug.: Consideration of tests conducted on Great Western and late Lond. & 
North Western Rys. ; use of speedometers and engine indicators. Sept.: 
Resistance of electric cars; results of tests.on Berlin-Zossen line. Oct.: Question 
of shape; improvements to shape of smokebox and chimney; importance of 
reducing air resistance of outside details. Nov.: Extreme speeds; French 
treatise; summary of principal formulas. 

REACTORS 
Current-Limiting. Current-Limiting Reactors, W. M. Dann. Am. Inst. Elec. 
Engrs.— Jl., vol. 43, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 1050-1054, 6 figs. Considerations 
of factors affecting reliability; early weaknesses and means taken to eliminate 

tllrlll. 

REDUCTION GEARS 

Calculations. Reduction Gearing, M. Delaporte. Mar. Engr., vol. 47, no. 565, 
Oct. 1924, pp. 371-373, 6 figs. Some interesting opinions on the subject. 
Abstract translation of paper read before Association Technique Maritime 
et Aeronautique. 

Steam-Turbine. Turbine Reduction Gearing and Its Production, R. J. McLeod. 
Instn. Mech. Engrs. — Proc, no. 4, July 1924, pp. 633-659, 22 figs. Discusses 
general questions governing design and methods of production, from manu- 
facturer's standpoint. 

Stresses. Speed Reduction Gears (Considerations sur les reducteurs de vitesse 
a engrenages), M. Delaporte. Bui. Technique du Bureau Veritas, vol. 6, 
no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 176-179, 7 figs. Discusses calculation of stresses, and 
shape of teeth, and describes an elastic transmission to overcome torsional 
deformation. 

REFRACTORIES 

High-Temperature, Bonding. Bonding High-Temperature Refractories, R. C. 
Gosreau. Chem. & Met. Eng., vol. 31, no. 18, Nov. 3, 1924, pp. 696-698. 
Results of practical study designed particularly to aid electric-furnace operator 
in selecting satisfactory bonding materials for use in patching, fettling and 
making monolithic linings. 

REFRIGERATING MACHINES 
British Empire Exhibition. Refrigerating Machines at the British Empire Exhibi- 
tion. Engineering, vol. 118, nos. 3068 and 3069, Oct. 17 and 24, 1924, pp. 
559-563 and 594, 26 figs. Details of various types. 

REFRIGERATING PLANTS 
Pressures and Temperatures. Pressures and Temperatures in the Refrigerating 
Plant, G. Grow. Power, vol. 60, no. 20, Nov. 11, 1924, pp. 768-769, 2 figs. 
Shows influence of suction pressure on power required by compressor; points 
out that influence of superheat in suction is often ignored; discharge pressure 
is dependent upon temperature of cooling water. 

REFRIGERATION 

France. Some Recent Progress in the Refrigerating Industry in France (Sur quel- 
ques progres recents de l'industrie frigorifique en France), I,. Marchis. Tech- 
nique Moderne, vol. 16, nos. 17 and 18, Sept. 1 and 15, 1924, pp. 565-577 and 
604-615, 25 figs. Discusses compressors, including horizontal and vertical, 
single- and double-effect, rotary, multiple-stage, compressors for low-power 
refrigerators, high-power ammonia compressors, etc. ; liquefiers and evaporators; 
flooded system, and liquid separators; insulators; transportation equipment 
used for importing and exporting cold-storage products; experiences on applica- 
tion of refrigeration to conservation of fish; Ottesen meat-freezing method; etc. 

Fruits and Vegetables, Precooling of. Precooling of Fruits and Vegetables, 
J. W. Andrews. Refrig. Eng., vol. 11, no. 4, Oct. 1924, pp. 143-146 and 150, 
1 fig. Reviews some of the more important points developed to date along pre- 
cooling lines. 

REFUSE DISPOSAL 

Collection System. The Pagefield System of Refuse Collection. Engineering, 
vol. 118, no. 3071, Nov. 7, 1924, pp. 655-656, 8 figs, partly on p. 646. Essential 
feature is combined use of horse and motor transport; motor vehicle does 
long trips from point to point and horses can be employed for slow house-to- 
house delivery or collection. 

English Practice. Modern Methods of Refuse Collection, J. A. Priestley. Contract 
Rec, vol. 38, nos. 42 and 44, Oct. 15 and 29, 1924, pp. 1024-1025 and 1082. 
Describes English practice, including types of receptacles, frequency of collec- 
tion, dust prevention, etc. Paper presented at Int. Conference on Sanitary 
Eng., Lond. 

RESERVOIRS 

Circular. Design of Reinforced Concrete Circular Reservoirs. Ferro-Concrete, 
vol. 16, nos. 1 and 3, July and Sept. 1924, pp. 9-12 and 61-64, 1 fig. Discusses 
new and more precise method of calculation. Translated from Constructeur 
de Ciment Arme. 

Construction Methods. Modern Methods in Reservoir Building. Pub. Works, 
vol. 55, no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 289-292, 7 figs. Belt conveyors used for moving 
earth, aggregate, cement and concrete, over any distance and elevation desired; 
removing thin topsoil at minimum cost at Wanaque dam. 

RESEARCH 
England. The Failure of Intensified Research Work in England, J. G. A. Rhodin. 
Engineer, vol. 138, no. 3590, Oct. 17, 1924, pp. 430-431 and 433. Author 
attempts to outline defects most apparent in research work, and its difficulties. 

52 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



11 



ROAD CONSTRUCTION 
Earthwork. The Effect of Haul on the Cost of Earthwork, J. L. Harrison. Pub. 

Roads, vol. 5, no. 7, Sept. 1924, pp. 14-17, 4 figs. Study conducted by Bur. 

Pub. Roads, and results. 

ROADS 
Grade Changes Calculation. Easy Method of Calculating Highway Grade 

Changes, W. E. Jones. Eng. & Contracting (Roads & Streets'), vol. 62, 

no. 4, Oct. 1, 1924, pp. 723-724, 5 figs. Easily applied plan which "eliminates" 

all "guess" work, used on road design department of Iowa State Highway 

Commission. 
Oiled. Oiled Earth Roads on Long Island, A. T. Goldbeck. Pub. Roads, vol. 5, 

no. 7, Sept. 1924, pp. 21-22, 3 figs. Method of treatment; nature of road 

surface. 

ROADS, CONCRETE 
Dam Top, for. Design of Paved Road for Dam Top Dayton Flood Works, C. S. 

Bennett. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 17, Oct. 23, 1924, pp. 660-661, 1 fig. 

Concrete road with gutter to control runoff crowns hydraulic fill at Huffman 

dam; cured with calcium chloride. 
Friction Test. Friction Test of Concrete on Various Subbases, A. T. Goldbeck. 

Good Roads, vol. 67, no. 3, Sept. 1924, pp. 79-81. Description of specimens 

and method of tests; shows that frictional resistance is lowered by wet subbase; 

lowering frictional resistance should reduce frequency of transverse cracks. 
ROADS, EARTH 
Bitu.minized. Experimental Bituminized Earth Road in Alberta. Eng. & Con- 
tracting (Roads & Streets), vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 1, 1924, pp. 731-734, 2 figs. 

Describes an attempt to work out a serviceable type of prairie rural road. 

From 4th annual report of Research Council of Alberta. 

ROADS, GRAVEL 
Corrugations. Rhythmic Corrugations in Gravel Roads, Geo. E. Ladd. Pub. 
Roads, vol. 5, no. 7, Sept. 1924, pp. 18-20 and 22, 2 figs. Study of nature 
of "chatter bumps" and their relation to traffic. 

The Prevention of Corrugations in Gravel Roads Carrying Heavy 
Traffic, A. H. Hinkle. Good Roads, vol. 67, no. 3, Sept. 1924, pp. 77-78. 
How corrugations are formed; necessity of maintenance; methods of reducing 
or preventing corrugations. 

ROLLING MILLS 
Strip Mills. New Sheet Bar and Hot Strip Mills, F. L. Prentiss. Iron Age, vol. 
114, no. 18, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 1141-1146, 9 figs. Otis strip mill continuous 
from furnace to coilers, without use of hot bed; electric drive throughout. 

ROLLS 

Bearings for. Roll Bearings for Cold Rolling Mills, C. E. Davies. Engineering, 
vol. 118, nos. 3069, 3070 and 3071, Oct. 24, 31 and Nov. 7, 1924, pp. 569-571, 
601 and 636-637, 23 figs. Reviews and compares various designs, materials 
and lubrication systems for cold-roll bearings in general use in England and 
abroad. 

ROOFS 

Asphaltic Roofing, Manufacture. Economic Factors in Roofing Manufacture, 
.1. L. McK. Yardley. Chem. & Met. Eng., vol. 31, no. 17, Oct. 27, 1924, 
pp. 559-663, 3 figs. Making granulated slate; how asphalt is obtained; roofing- 
mil! operating costs. 



SAND, MOLDING 
Brass-Foundry, Reclaiming. Reclaiming Brass Foundry Sands, F. L. Wolf 
and A. A. Grubb. Metal Industry (N. Y), vol. 22, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 
438-441, 5 figs. Molding-sand reclamation and control experiments. Paper 
presented before Am. Foundrymen's Assn. 

SEMI-STEEL 

Characteristics. Semi-Steel. Metal Industry (Lond.), vol. 25, no. 18, Oct. 24, 
1924, pp. 403-405. Points out that semi-steel is nothing more than a good 
cast iron; influence of steel on grain structure; advantages of semi-steel and 
difficulties of its manufacture; cost considerations; "sluggishness" and risk of 
imhomogeneity; hematite semi-steel mixtures and influence of phosphorus; 
influence of sulphur. 

Manufacture of Castings. Semi-Steel, G. W. Gilderman. Purdue Univ. — Bui., 
vol. 8, no. 6, i924, pp. 23-25. General idea of methods used in actual practice. 

SEWAGE DISPOSAL 

Activated Sludge. Tests of Air Pressure Losses in Activated-Sludge Plants, 
R. J. Bushee and S. I. Jack. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 21, Nov. 20, 1924, 
pp. 823-824, 4 figs. Observations on cast-iron pipe, venturi air meters, check 
valve and three different makes of aeration plates. 

Activated Sludge as Fertilizer. Activated Sludge as Fertilizer, V. H. Kadosh. 
Eng. & Contracting (Water Works), vol. 62, no. 4, Oct. 8, 1924, pp. 817-820. 
Investigations of Sewerage Commission of Milwaukee, Wis. Paper read at 
Int. Conference of Sanitary Engrs., Lond. 

Industrial Wastes. Disposal of Industrial Wastes in U. S., H. P. Eddy. Can. 
Engr., vol. 47, no. 15, Oct. 7, 1924, pp. 395-397. Effect of animal, vegetable 
and mineral wastes and methods of treatment commonly used. From paper 
presented at Int. Conference on Sanitary Eng., Lond. 

Experimental Work on the Purification of Trade Waste Waters, H. Kes- 
sener. Surveyor & Mun. & County Engr., vol. 66, no. 1705, Sept. 19, 1924, 
pp. 233-234. Notes on experiments carried out in Holland in connection 
with dairy, sugar-factory, strawboard, and potato-flour wastes. Extracts 
from paper presented at Int. Conference on Sanitary Eng., Lond. 

Scandinavia. Treatment of Sewage in Scandinavia, G. P. Harvey. Can. Engr., 
vol. 47, no. 15, Oct. 7, 1924, pp. 399-402. Progress in disposal of sewage in 
Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark. Methods employed in dealing 
with trade wastes, particularly from yeast factories. From paper read at 
Int. Conference on Sanitary Eng. 

Tricklinq-Filter Distributors. Trickling Filter Distributors at British Sewage- 
Works, T. Chalkley Hatton. Eng. News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 16, Oct. 16, 1924, 
pp. 624-626, 4 figs. Notes taken recently at sewage works of Birmingham, 
Bradford and Leeds show that travelling distributors rather than fixed nozzles 
are main reliance. 

SILVER METALLURGY 

Ore Treatment. Montesinos on Silver Metallurgy, R. E. Carr. Min. Mag., 
vol. 31, no. 2, Aug. 1924, pp. 82-87. Account of an old Peruvian treatise 
by Fernando Montesinos, on occurrence, description, and treatment of silver 
ores. 

SILVER DEPOSITS 

Yukon, Can. Silver Lead Deposits of Beaver River Area, Yukon, W. E. Cockfield. 
Can. Dept. Mines, Geol. Survey, no. 2031, summary report, 1923, part A, 
pp. 22A-28A, 2 figs. Topography; general geology; ore deposits. 



SLAG 
Cement Mortars and Concretes, Use in. Comparative Tests of Slag With 
Pittsburgh Sand and Gravel, C. K. Whitehead. Pit & Quarry, vol. 9, no. 2, 
Oct. 15, 1924, pp. 95-101. Describes tests made of fine and coarse aggregate 
for cement mortars and concretes, also similar tests made simultaneously 
with local sands and gravel. 

SPRINGS 

A.S.M.E. Progress Report. Preliminary Progress Report of the A.S.M.E. Special 
Research Committee on Metal Springs. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid- 
Nov. issue, 1924, pp. 793-795. Deals with present status of spring technique; 
definitions and historical notes; theoretical aspects; uses and materials of 
various types of springs; outline of future progress reports. 

II: lical. Design of Helical Springs, J. W. Rockefeller, Jr. Machy. (N. Y.), vol. 
31, no. 3, Nov. 1924, pp. 205-206, 3 figs. Deflection; how to calculate spring 
of varying coil diameter; determining maximum fiber stress. 

STANDARDIZATION 
Advantages to Industry. Advantages of Standardization to Industry, F. J. 
Schlink. Mgt. & Administration, vol. 8, no. 5, Nov. 1924, p. 496. Statement 
of advantages which accrue to industry by adoption of standards, compiled 
by Am. Eng. Standards Committee. 

STEAM 
"Critical," Generation of. Experiments on the Generation of "Critical" Steam, 
J. F. Overwyn. Power, vol. 60, no. 18, Oct. 28, 1924, pp. 693-694, 2 figs. 
Experiments made in attempt to develop extremely light steam power plant 
for use in airplanes and other vehicles. 

STEAM ENGINES 
Bleeding Type. Engines in Combined Power and Process Steam Plants, J. Cassidy 
Power, vol. 60, no. 19, Nov. 4, 1924, pp. 724-725, 1 fig. Describes bleeding- 
type tandem steam engine developed in England. 

STEAM METERS 
Electric Flowmeter. Installing the Electric Steam-Flow Meter, J. M. Spitzglass. 
Power, vol. 60, no. 19, Nov. 4, 1924, pp. 746-747, 2 figs. How velocity pres- 
sure is obtained; differentiation between close tap and far tap; limitations 
imposed by bends and elbows; guarding against leaks. (Abstract.) Paper 
read before Nat. Assn. Stationary Engrs. 

STEAM POWER PLANTS 

Combined Heating and Generating. Small Industrial Plant Generates Current 
at Low Cost. Power, vol. 60, no. 19, Nov. 4, 1924, pp. 754-756, 3 figs. Cin- 
cinnati factory of Am. Can Co. used combined heating and generating plant; 
uniflow engines produce current for less than 1 cent per kw-hr.; labor reduced 
to minimum. 

Development. Two Score Years in Power Development, F. R. Low. Nat. Engr., 
vol. 28, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pn. 473-478, 5 figs. Review of developments in 
power-plant engineering since Nat. Assn. Stationary Engrs. was organized- 
Paper read at Nat. Assn. Stationary Engrs. 

Equipment, British Empire Exhibition. Power Plant Exhibits at Wembley, J. B. 
C. Kershaw. Power, vol. 60, nos. 3 and 4, July 15 and 22, 1924, pp. 82-86 and 
131-134, 17 figs. Describes boilers, economizers, air preheaters, dust collectors, 
deaerators, steam turbines, etc. 

Refuse as Fuel. Domestic Refuse as Source of Thermal Energy (Les ordures 
menageres, source d'energie thermique), E. Bruet. Chaleur et Industrie, 
vol. 5, no. 53, Sept. 1924, pp. 448-450, 3 figs. Details regarding plants at 
St.-Ouen, Toronto and Paris-Plage, firing refuse for steam production. 

Thermal vs. Commercial Efficiency. Thermal Versus Commercial Efficiency, 
W. G. Diman. Power, vol. 60, no. 20, Nov. 1], 1924, pp. 764-765. Points 
out that solutions of troubles do not lie with super-power, nor in all cases 
with isolated plant; rather, a combination of two with proper consideration 
given to both power and heating, as well as use of steam for industrial purposes. 
(Abstract.) Paper read before Nat. Assn. Stationary Engrs. 

STEAM TURBINES 

Cross-Compound Parsons. 50,000 Kw. Compound Parsons Turbine for the Craw- 
ford Avenue Station, Chas. Parsons. Power, vol. 60, no. 19, Nov. 4, 1924, 
pp. 728-730, 3 figs. Unit, recently completed in England and shipped to 
Chicago, contains three turbine elements and three generators; thermal effi- 
ciency of 27.8 per cent from coal to steam is expected. (Abstract.) Paper 
presented at World Power Conference. 

Db Laval. Blading Effects in a De Laval Turbine, D. S. Anderson. Instn. Mech. 
Engrs.— Proc, no. 4, July 1924, pp. 687-702, 8 figs. Results of nozzle tests 
to determine efficiency; preliminary survey of tests; tests to determine relative 
angle of outlet; final analysis of steam tests. 

Impulse. Stage Efficiencies of Impulse Turbines, L. J. Levit. Power, vol. 60, 
no. 21, Nov. 18, 1924, pp. 908-810, 4 figs. Manner of plotting condition 
curve so that pressures to be expected in impulse turbine might be roughly 
determined. 

Jet Action in Blading. A Note on Jet Action in Turbine Blading, Wm. Kerr. 
Instn. Mech. Engrs.— Proc, no. 4, July 1924, pp. 673-686, 6 figs. Deals 
only with special aspect of problem, arising out of certain peculiar results 
obtained in investigation on outlet jet directions from blading of single-row 
wheel while stationary and using different kinds of nozzles. 

Marine. .See Marine Steam Turbines. 

STEEL 

Alloy, Development of. Modern Alloy Steel, Rob. Hadfield. Mech. Wld., 
vol. 76, no. 1968, Sept. 19, 1924, pp. 189-190. Deals with heat-resisting 
non-scaling steels. (Abstract.) Paper read before Iron & Steel Section 
of Empire Min. & Met. Congress. 

Fatigue Tbsts. Recent English Endurance Tests of Steel and Other Metals. Eng. 
News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 18, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 709-710. Comparison of endur- 
ance limit and static strength; effect of temperature and viscosity of material. 
Tests carried out at Nat. Physical Laboratory, London. 

Hot Rolling, Effect of. Rolling Refines Grain Structure, W. J. Crook. Iron 
Trade Rev., vol. 75, no. 21, Nov. 20, 1924, pp. 1365-1369, 12 figs. Hot rolling 
reduces grain size of low-carbon steel; further refinement is afforded by anneal- 
ing; experiments contradict theory that no change in size occurs below trans- 
formation point. 

Oxygen and Red Shortness. Oxygen and the Red Shortness of Steel, H. Monden. 
Iron Age, vol. 114, no. 21, Nov. 20, 1924, pp. 1338-1350, 3 figs. German 
investigation of effect of gases on rolling qualities; low-carbon basic open- 
hearth practice in Germany. Translated from Stahl u. Eisen, 1923, June 7 
and 14. See reference to original article in Eng. Index 1923, p. 486. 

Properties at Highest Temperatures. Steel at Highest Working Temperatures, 
P. Eyermann. Iron Age, vol. 114, no. 20, Nov. 13, 1924, pp. 1270-1273. 
8 fihs. Changes in strength and other properties of carbon and alloy steels at 
500 to 1200 deg.; range of "reduced malleability" in hot working; results of 
tensile tests on eight steels. 



53 



12 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Stainless. Stainless Steels and their Practical Manipulation. Metal Industry 
(Lond.), vol. 25, no. 16, Oct. 17, 1924, pp. 379-381. Discusses many mis- 
conceptions that exist in regard to stainless steels, and advises correct method 
of working so as to obtain best results. 

X-Ray Examination-. Examination of Steel bv X-Rav, L. C. Breed. Blast Fur- 
nace & Steel Plant, vol. 12, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 517-518. Report on spectro- 
meter equipment at government arsenal, Watertown, Mass. 

STEEL CASTINGS 

Manufacture. The Manufacture of Steel Castings, Wm. Woodhall. Purdue 
Univ. — Bui., vol. 8, no. 6, 1924, pp. 12-23. Deals chiefly with manufacture 
of steel castings by acid open-hearth-steel-furnace method. 

X-Ray Tests. Using X-Rays to Detect Hidden Dangers in Plant Equipment, 
H. H. Lester, E. C. Herthel, Wm. Mendius and Wm. V. Isehie. Chem. & 
Met. Eng., vol. 31. no. 16, Oct. 20, 1924, pp. 619-622, 13 figs. Points out 
that defects in castings used in high-pressure stills, overlooked in inspection 
by usual method, are easily seen in radiograph. 

X-Ray Tests Applied to the Problems of the Steel Industry, H. H. Lester. 
Am. Soc. Steel Treating — Trans., vol. 6, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 575-603 and 
(discussion) 603-605, 28 figs. 

STEEL, HEAT TREATMENT OF 

Carbon and High-Speed Tools. Heat Treatment of Carbon and High-Speed 
Steel Tools, Jos. K. Wood. Am. Mach., vol. 61, no. 21, Nov. 20, 1924, pp. 
791-793. Determining factors in development of metal-cutting tools; heat 
treatment for carbon-steel tools; compositions and heat treatment for high- 
speed steel tools. 

Die Blocks. Heat-treatment of Steel with Special Reference to Production, U. W. 
Urquhart. Machv. (Lond.l, vol. 24, nos. 621 and 623, Aug. 21 and Sept. 4, 
1924, pp. 649-652 and 709-712, Aug. 21: Treatment of die blocks; carburizing; 
hardening of mild steel dies. Sept. 4: Composite steel dyes; best hardening 
procedure ; rehardening. 

Practice. Heat-treated Steel, J. W. Urquhart. Mech. Wld., vol. 74, nos. 1925, 
vol. 75, nos. 1931, 1936, 1938, 1944, 1950, 1955, vol. 76, nos. 1960, 1963, 1972 
and 1973, Nov. 23, 1923, Jan. 4, Feb. 8, 22, Apr. 4, May 16, June 20, July 25, 
Aug. 15-, Oct. 17 and 24, 1924, pp. 321-323, 5-7, 81-82, 117-118, 212-214, 311- 
312, 385-386, 57-58, 105-106, 252 and 267-268, 10 figs. 

Temperature Distribution. Temperature Distribution in Steel Bodies Heated 
at a Constant Heat Potential, E. J. Janitzky. Am. Soc. Steel Treating — 
Trans., vol. 6, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 619-622, 1 fig. Contentions set forth in 
previous article, entitled Characteristics of Heating Curves (published in 
Feb. 1924, issue of Trans.), are extended to temperature distribution in steel 
bodies heated at constant heat potential. 

Theories. The Heat Treatment of Steel, F. B. Folev. Fuels & Furnaces, vol. 2, 
no. 9, Sept. 1924, pp. 889-920 and 925-936, 20 figs. A treatise presenting latest 
theories for changes occurring in steel during its heat treatment. Discusses 
crystal structure of steel, hardening, hot working, annealing of hot-worked 
steel, drawing, case-hardening, heat treatment of case-carburized parts quench- 
ing media, furnaces, and pyrometry. 

Turbine Blading. Heat Treatment of Nickel Steel Turbine Blading, Carlos Bean. 
Am. Soc. Nav. Engrs. — Jl., vol. 36, no. 3, Aug. 1924, pp. 494-512, 6 figs. Deter- 
mination of critical temperature of nickel steel; electric furnace; forms of test 
specimens; results of various forms of heat treatment; method of forging 
blades. 

STEEL WORKS 
Electric Drive. Electrification of Tata Iron Works at Jamshedpur, India, S. 
Ghosh. Iron & Steel Engr., vol. 1, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 545-552, 30 figs. 
Details of electrical machinery and equipment installed. 

STREET CLEANING 
Motor Vehicles for. Phases of Modern Gullev Emptving. Motor Transport 
(Lond.), vol. 39, no. 1023, Oct. 6, 1924, pp. 413-415, 8 figs. Particulars of 
new Laffly gully emptier which can also be used for street watering. Tank 
and its equipment is mounted on a 4-ton chassis of standard design. 

STREET LIGHTING 
Types. The Columb'is Street Lighting Demonstration, F. C. Caldwell. Illuminat- 
ing Eng. Soc. — Trans., vol. 19, no. 7, Sept. 1924, pp. 675-678. Discusses 
various types of street lighting exhibited on streets of Columbus, O. 

STREET RAILWAYS 
Motor-Bus Transportation, vs. The Electric Tramcar and the Petrol Bus, 
W. T. Wardale. World Power, vol. 2, no. 11, Nov. 1924, pp. 285-288. Com- 
parison of economic advantages and safety. 

SUBSTATIONS 

Design. Substation Design to Meet Space Limits, J. C. Gaylord. Elec. World, 
vol. 84, no. 19, Nov. 8, 1924, pp. 989-992, 5 figs. Unusual conditions on 
Southern Cal. Edison system lead to innovations in plans; transformer 
cooling coils are placed on roof of building; special arrangement of equipment 
necessary. 

6O,O00-Kva. Features of 60,000-Kva. Substation, J. E. Goodale. Elec. World, 
vol. 84, no. 17, Oct. 25, 1924, pp. 881-884, 5 figs. Underground feeders at 
13,200 volts and 26,400 volts supply Metropolitan substation of NY. & Queens 
Elec. Light & Power Co. at Maspeth; multiple-voltage transformer banks 
used; details of switch and bus structures. 

SUPERHEATED STEAM 
Heat Content, Measurement of. Direct Measurement of the Heat Content 
of Superheated Steam, N. S. Osborne. Mech. Eng., vol. 46, no. 11a, mid-Nov. 
issue, 1924, pp. 808-809. Calorimetric method of surveying behavior of 
superheated steam by employing isothermal throttling in saturated-steam 
calorimeter. 

SUPERPOWER 
Interconnection of Systems, Southeast. The Interconnected Power Systems 
of the Southeast, Chas. G. Adsit. Am. Soc. Civ. Engrs. — Proc, vol. 50, no. 8, 
Oct. 1924, pp. 1286-1302, 2 figs. Describes system of Georgia Railway and 
Power Company, which is said to be typical of other companies connected with 
interconnected transmission systems of Southeast. 

SURVEYING 
Transits. Transits Without Stadia Wires, E. S. M. Lovelace. Can. Engr., vol. 
47, no. 13, Sept. 23, 1924, pp. 365-366. Method of using a transit not fitted 
with stadia wires but having a vertical arc. Main requirements of proposed 
new instruments. 



TANKS 
Horizontal Storage. How to Find the Contents of Horizontal Storage Tanks, 
Jos. B. Reynolds, and Sam. Cottrell. Chem. & Met. Eng., vol. 31, no. 17, 
Oct. 27, 1924, pp. 665-667, 1 fig. Table and explanation that simplified cal- 
culation for one type of tank and can be easily applied to other types. 

TERMINAL, LOCOMOTIVE 
Moncton, N.B. Canadian National Railways Engine Terminal at Moncton, N.B. 
Ry. Rev., vol. 75, no. 20, Nov. 15, 1924, pp. 785-795, 18 figs. Facilities provid- 
ed for turning engines and making heavy running repairs. 

THERMOMETERS 

Kata-Thermometers. Value of the Kata Thermometer in Effective Temperat'ire 
Studies, M. Ingels. Am. Soc. Heating & Vent. Engrs. — .11., vol. 30, no. 6, June 
1924, pp. 453-456, 1 fig. Deals with work of adapting this instrument for 
measuring effective temperatures. 

TOOLS 

Salvage. Too' Salvage, L. A. Churgay. Soc. Automotive Engrs. — Jl., vol. 15, 
no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 456-160, 7 figs. Points out that all worn, broken and 
obsolete tools should be kept in separate containers; standard forms of purchase 
and inter-department requisitions are described and their usage specified. 

TRANSPORTATION 
Railway. Some Problems of Railroad Transportation, H. W. Thornton. Ry. Age, 
vol. 77, no. 18, Nov. 1, 1924, pp. 779-782. Discusses reasons for state owner- 
ship; difficulties at large terminals; situation in Canada; points out that con- 
solidations may make systems too large; fundamental principles essential to 
existence of railway as private enterprise. (Abstract.) Address before 
Inst. Am. Meat Packers and Univ. of Chicago. 

TUBES 
Brass, Manufacture of. The Manufacture of Brass and Copper Tubes, G. Evans. 
Metal Industry (Lond.), vol. 25, no. 18, Oct. 24, 1924, pp. 395-396, 1 fig. 
Coremaking for brass tube castings. 

TUNNELING 

Moffat Tunnel, Colo. Work on Moffat. Tunnel Now in Full Progress. Ry. Age, 
vol. 77, no. 20, Nov. 15, 1924, pp. 889-894, 11 figs. Completion of headings 
for nearly one-third of its total length of 6.1 mi.; how east headings are being 
driven; power equipment for mucking; problems presented by headings at 
west end. 

Wet-Rock Tunnel. Driving a Long Small-Section Wet Rock Tunnel. Eng. 
News-Rec, vol. 93, no. 19, Nov. 6, 1924, pn. 744-747, 7 figs. Use of mucking 
machine enabled two 8-hour drilling shifts to be worked each day; Diesel- 
engine power for tunneling operations. 

TUNNELS 

Concrete Lining. Concrete Lining Methods in the Skagit Tunnel. Eng. News- 
Rec, vol. 93, no. 18, Oct. 30, 1924, pp. 700-701, 4 figs. Air gun built on job 
places 300 cu. yd. of concrete in 24 hours; traveller for trimming and setting 
forms. 

TURBO-GENERATORS 

Large. Large Steam Turbine Generators, W. J. Foster, E. H. Freiburghouse and 
M. A. Savage. Am. Inst. Elec. Engrs. — Jl., vol. 43, no. 10, Oct. 1924, pp. 
923-931, 13 figs. Discusses manufacturing, touching on what is considered best 
practices of present day; describes 62,500-kva. 60-cycle generator and gives 
test data; losses and ventilation problems; probable sizes at given speeds 
which may be expected in future. 



VACUUM TUBES 

Thermionic Valves. Marconi-Osram Thermionic Valves. Elec. Rev., vol. 95, 
no. 2445, Oct. 3, 1924, pp. 498-499, 5 figs. Methods of manufacture. See 
also description in Elecn., vol. 93, no. 2419, Sept. 26, 1924, pp. 350-351, 5 figs. 

Transmitting and Rectifying Valves. High-Tension Rectifying and Transmit- 
ting Valves. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3066, Oct. 3, 1924, pp. 492-194, 8 figs. 
Deals with latest developments in application of thermionic valve as transmit- 
ting valve and high-tension rectifying valve. 

VENTILATION 

Industrial, Effective Temperature Applied to. Effective Temperature Applied 
to Industrial Ventilation Problems, C. P. Yagloglou and W. E. Miller. Am. 
Soc. Heating & Vent. Engrs.— Jl., vol. 30, no. 7, July 1924, pp. 515-539, 8 figs. 
Concise report of investigation of effective temperature with moving air as 
conducted by Society's Research Laboratory in co-operation with Bur. of 
Mines. Industrial applications of experimental facts for improving working 
conditions. 

Standards of. Modern Trend in the Science of Ventilation, Perry West. Am. 
Soc. Heating & Vent. Engrs— J! , vol. 30, no. 6, June 1924, pp .421-438, 2 
figs. 20 years of evolution in ventilation; theoretical standards of ventilation; 
practical standards. 

VIBRATION 

Machinery. The Vibration Problem in Engineering, C. R. Soderberg. Elec. Jl., 
vol. 21, nos. 4, 6 and 7, Apr., June and July, 1924, pp. 160-165, 295-299 and 
330-334, 18 figs. Apr.: Theoretical considerations and practical arrangement 
of vibration absorbers. June and July: Discussion of most important phases 
of analytical work which should be applied to every design of high-speed 
rotating machinery with a view of eliminating vibrations. 

VISCOSITY 
Kinetic Theory. Some Notes on the Kinetic Theory of Viscosity, Conduction and 
Diffusion, S. Chapman and W. Hainsworth. Lond., Edinburgh, & Dublin 
Philosophical Mag. & Jl. Sci., vol. 48, no. 284, Sept. 1924, pp. 593-607. Theory 
of viscosity and thermal conduction in gases possessed of rotatory as well as 
translatory energy; definition of temperature in non-steady state of a poly- 
atomic gas; formula for coefficient of diffusion appropriate to a polyatomic 
gas; etc. 



w 



WAGES 
Cost of Living and. Wages and the Cost of Living, Rob. J. Andersen. Indus. 
Mgt. (N. Y), vol. 68, no. 5, Nov. 1924, pp. 260-265. Author states that any 
industry that either willingly or unwillingly allows its wage scale to be based 
upon cost of living is proceeding upon an economically unsound principle. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



27 



COVENTRY SILENT CHAINS 



7777^»w 




"The Proof of the Pudding 
is in the eating" — 

Here is a 70 HP. Coventry Silent Chain — in a Chain 
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it's still going strong. 

The Factory Manager's appreciation of 
COVENTRY RELIABILITY. 

"We have pleasure in giving youan unsolicitedtestimon- 
ial of the benefits we have derived and the absolute 
reliability of your chain, which we put in ten years ago to 
drive main shaft from a 70 HP. motor for loom driving. 
This chain has run full time since it was installed and 
we have just given it a thorough examination and cannot 
find any trace of wear. We have never had any repairs 
to do to it since its installation. In our opinion it is 
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Our experience has been so satisfactory that we have 
ordered a similar chain for the driving of our new 

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DURABLE — RELIABLE 



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Men of influence consult Journal advertising. 



28 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 




Ruston & Hornsby Ltd. 

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January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



29 



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30 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 




Many Water Powers have been cheaply developed 
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Axial section of De Laval single 
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Steam Turbine Company 

Canadian Works, Peterborough, Ont. 

TURBINE EQUIPMENT CO., LTD., 73 King Street West, Toronto. 
THE E. LAURIE COMPANY, 127 Stanley Street, Montreal, Que. 

394 




Every advertisement is a message to you. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



31 




John Lineman says : 

"This is the best 
list of pole line hard- 
ware I ever hope to 

see." 



The Slater Catalogue of Pole line Hard- 
ware and Peirce Construction Specialties is 
a complete listing of these high grade 
specialties. 

Refer to it always when in doubt — and 
particularly when ordering — always say 
Peirce and N. Slater. 

Ask your electrical jobber. 

N. Slater Co., Limited 

Hamilton, Ontario 



Confidence 

Our confidence in the Hydro- 
Electric (Water-Power) indus- 
try is based on the fact that 
Water -Powers are the most 
important of our natural re- 
sources, the development of 
which is essential to the eco- 
nomical development of our 
other great resources. 



Send for Booklet — 
'Power Development in Canada. " 



NESBITT, THOMSON & COMPANY 

LIMITED 

145 St. James Street, MONTREAL 
Toronto Hamilton Winnipeg London, Ont. 

368 



STANDARD PAVING, LTD. 



Head Office: Central Chambers 



OTTAWA 



CANADA 



The Largest and Best Equipped Paving and 
Road Building Organization in Canada 



Branches: 



BUFFALO, N. Y. 
BELLEVILLE, Ont. 
TJORNWALL, Ont. 



GALT, Ont. 
KITCHENER, Ont. 
OSHAWA, Ont. 



ST. THOMAS, Ont. 
SMITH FALLS, Ont. 
STRATFORD, Ont. 



WATERLOO, Ont. 
HULL, Que. 
MONTREAL, Que. 



OTTAWA, Ont. 



QUEBEC CITY, Que. 



Every advertiser is worthy of your support. 



32 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 




THEii 



JORDAN" 



an All- Year Machine 



Spreads Material, 
Digs Ditches, 
Shapes Banks, 
Cuts Ice, Fights Snow. 



a 



MARION" Steam Shovels, "INDUSTRIAL" Cranes, 
PLYMOUTH" Gasoline Locomotives. 



a 



Branch: 

108 Main Building, 
TORONTO 






Head Office: 
MONTREAL. 




Scales Valves 
Gasoline <£, Oil 
Engines 
Pumps- Motors 
<£, Generators 
Steam Specialties 
Pipe &, Fittings 
Machine Tools 
Transmission Equipment 
Graton & Knight 
Leather Belting 
Dick's Balata Belting 
Yale Electric Trucks 
Warehouse Trucks 
Concrete Mixers 
Wheelbarrows 
Road Machineiy 
Steam Engines 
Hoisting Engines 
Yale Hoists 

Shop Supplies 
Automotive Equipment 




PUMPS 

For all Purposes 

FAIRBANKS -MORSE PUMPS are 
found in every kind of service 
such as general pumping direct-conn- 
ected, gear, chain or belt-driven — 
where a constant capacity is delivered 
against a variable head — where a small 
capacity is delivered against a relatively 
high head — on low pressure boilers 
where pressure is too low for steam 
pumps — and for many similar purposes. 

Embodied in their design and construction are the most advanced 
pump engineering developments — seasoned by a quarter of a 
century of experience in pump manufacture. 

Tell us for what service you require pumping equipment and we 
will be pleased to mail bulletins and made recommendations. 






c CANADIAN 



430 



Fairbanks -Morse 

COM PANY-jCimited 

SUohn-Qwbec-Monlml-Ottawa-TorontO'Windsor-Winnipeg-^ 

THE MAKERS OF FAIRBANKS SCALES AND VALVES 



Advertisements have an educational value. Read them carefully. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



33 



A 

^^ trav< 

trail nf * 



Running through the 
trackless forest, and as 
plainly marked to the ex- 
pert woodsman as the main- 
travelled road, leads the blazed 
trail of the pioneer who first passed 
that way and 
left his mark 
to serve as a 
guide to those 
who follow 
him. 



REG. TRADE MARK 



HEATING SERVICE 



V 




I 



The trail is blazed by 
the man ahead. 

N industry, as in the forest, the trail is blazed by the 
man ahead. 



More than twenty years ago Mr. C. A. Dunham discovered and introduced a 

new factor in steam heating, the Dunham Fluid Thermostatic Radiator Trap, 

which revolutionized vacuum heating and made possible to-day's effective low-pressure 

steam heating. The Dunham Radiator Trap was the pioneer thermostatically operated 

-the first trap, and like most pioneers who blaze the trail, it has had a host of followers. 




The DUNHAM Trap- -„ 

thermostatic radiator Trap Thus does industry, as well as woodcraft, pay tribute to the courage and the faith of 

twenty years ago, and still t y. p m an a h M H 

leader of them all. tne man aneao - 

To-day, as in the beginning, the Dunham Fluid Thermostatic Radiator Trap still leads 
all others in the correctness of its design, the simplicity of its operation, and the 
certainty of its results. 




Cover of the Dunham Trap 
removed to show operating 
member. 




C. A. DUNHAM CO., LTD. 



TORONTO, ONTARIO 



Body of the Dunham 
Radiator Trap. 



HALIFAX, 



VANCOUVER. WINNIPEG. OTTAWA, MONTREAL. CALGAR 

LONDON, Ens., 18 St. Thomas St., S. E. 1. 



"f 



Secure incomes 

The income on the following high-grade investments is secure and 
amounts to 5J^% to 5.80% on the money invested. 

C.P.R. Secured Notes, Ay 2 % (1944) . . . .approximately 5y s % 
Montreal Tramways 1st Mtge 5's (1941) " 5.40% 

United Securities 6% Pfd. Stock " 5.80% 

Detailed circulars will be sent on request to investors. Write to 
Dept P. 

Greenshields & Co 

INVESTMENT BANKERS 

17 St. John Street, Montreal 
also Mount Royal Hotel Building 



TORONTO 
14 King Street E. 



OTTAWA 
46 Elgin Street 



Journal advertisers are discriminating advertisers. 



34 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



SIMONDS 

Inserted Tooth 

Metal Saws 



For economy and greater production Simonds Inserted 
Tooth Metal Saws are the best. 

The teeth are of high speed steel, and while they cut 
fast they do not wear down quickly. Equip your 
Machines with Simonds Saws. 



Simonds Canada Saw Co., Ltd. 

Montreal, Que. 



St. John, N.B. 



Vancouver, B.C. 



Bates System 

of Bar Tying for Reinforced Concrete Work 

A saving of 2/3rds labor 
cost in laying reinforcing 
bars made possible by 
using Bates Wire Ties for 
Tying cross sections. 

Two or three turns with 
the Bates Simplex Tying 
Tool and Bars aresecurely 
tied. 





Illustrating ease with which Bates Bars 
Ties are applied 



Prices and table showing 

, . . . ° Sectional View showing Reinforced Bars held 

tiereqUiredlOrVanOUSSlZe in place by Bates Wire Ties. 

bars on request. 



BATES VALVE BAG CO., LIMITED 

Niagara Falls, Ont., Canada 



DRUMMOND & REEVES, LTD 

Toronto, Ontario 



MUSSENS, LIMITED 
Montreal, Winnipeg, Vancouver 



Advertisers appreciate the engineer's purchasing power. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



35 



SUbwaY- 

(mwJ FLDDRING * JL 




Damages paid for one fall on a slippery floor may- 
cost more than the price of a non-slipping, per- 
manent, safety floor of Subway that gives you 
inbuilt accident insurance. 
There's a curious comfort quality about a 
Subway floor surface, too, that makes for 
confidence and better work from the men who 
use it day after day. 



MILTON HERSEY CO., Limited 

INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTS, ENGINEERS & INSPECTORS 
MONTREAL WINNIPEG 



Analyses and Tests of all Materials Including Steel, Brass, Coal, 
Oils, Water, Ores, Sands, Cement. 

Specialists for Industrial Chemical Problems, Cement and Asphalt 
Construction Work, Steei Inspection and Water Supply. 

"The Largest and Best Equipped Commercial Laboratories 
In Canada" 

ESTABLISHED 27 YEARS 



tKfje engineering Journal 



IS PRINTED BY 



The Modern Printing Co. 

39 Dowd Street 
MONTREAL, CANADA 



STANDARD - STEEL - SERVICE 



STEEL BUILDINGS 8c BRIDGES 

GIRDERS, COLUMNS, TRUSSES 

—STOCK STEEL- 
PLATES, SHAPES & BARS 



Standard Steel Construction Co. 

LIMITED 

WELLAND, ONTARIO 




Sttsftttute Jiabge 



Member's gold badge . . . $3.75 
Associate Member's silver 

badge $2.25 

Junior and Student's 

bronze badge $1.50 



Apply to Secretary, 

176 Mansfield St.. 
MONTREAL. 

Available in three designs: Clasp Pin, Button, Watch charm. 



Mention of The Journal to advertisers advances your interests. 



36 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



CANADA IRON FOUNDRIES, LIMITED 




'CAST IRON PIPE has the 

Greatest Resistance 

to Corrosion." 



BELL and SPIGOT and FLANGED CAST IRON PIPE : SPECIALS and CASTINGS of all Kinds : CAR WHEELS 



HEAD OFFICE: 
Mark Fisher Building, Montreal. 



Works at: Fort William, Ont., St. Thomas, Ont., 
Hamilton, Ont., Three Rivers, Que. 



NATIONAL IRON CORPORATION, Limited 

Head Office, Works and Docks :— TORONTO 




Every size for Water, Gas, Culvert or Sewer, Carried in Stock at 
Lake or Rail Shipments TORONTO, PORT ARTHUR and MONTREAL 



The Rail Joint Company of Canada, Limited 

McQUl Building, MONTREAL 

Makers of Base- Supported and 100% Rail Joints for 

Standard, Girder and Special Rail Sections. Also 

Joints for Frogs and Switches, Insulated Rail Joints 

and Step or Compromise Joints. 



PROTECTED BY PATENTS 



Grand Prize, San Francisco, 1915. 



Electric CONTROL Gear 

We have recently received a number of orders 
from some of Canada's leading manufacturers for 
Ellison Switch Gear to be incorporated in their 
products as standard equipment. 

We shall be pleased to quote on your 
requirements. 

GEORGE ELLISON 

Works: Perry Barr, BIRMINGHAM, Eng. 

Canadian Representatives 

A. G. Milton, 67 Frederick St., F. C. E. Burnett, 275 Craig St. West, 
TORONTO MONTREAL 



THE 

RANDOLPH MACDONALD 

COMPANY LIMITED 

CONTRACTORS 

CANAL AND HARBOUR WORKS 

CROWN OFFICE BUILDING 
26 QUEEN STREET EAST 



TORONTO 



CANADA 



Make Journal advertising one hundred per cent efficient. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



37 




View showing top headers of EJesco Superheater installed in 
15,000 sq. ft. Heine V-Type Boilers in the Municipal Power Plant 
of the City of Lansing, Mich, which operates at 200 degrees 
superheat. 



Lansing Municipal Light Plant 

Installs 

ELESCO Superheaters 

The City of Lansing, Mich, is now 
completing the initial installation of 
25,000 kw., in what may be regarded as 
one of the most efficient municipal 
power plants in existence. It was 
designed by J. E. Woodwell, consulting 
engineer of New York and conforms 
with the latest large central station 
practice. 

Naturally the importance of super- 
heat as a contributary to high economy 
received careful consideration. Three 
15,000 sq. ft. Heine Boilers of the new 
V-Type operating at 275 lb. pressure are 
equipped with Elesco Superheaters. 
High and uniform velocities through 
the multiple pass superheater was utiliz- 
ed to assure 200 deg. superheat with 
the minimum variation under the heav- 
ily fluctuating industrial load which the 
station carries during the day. 

Series O-T Bulletins on req uest. 

The Superheater Co., Limited 



Transportation Bldg. 
MONTREAL 



Works at 
' SHERBROOKE, Que. 



Made in CANADA 




ENUS 
PENCILS 



The Largest Selling Quality- 
Pencil in the World 

IT would be impossible to estimate 
the total annual value of all the con- 
struction work, machinery and other 
products and enterprises made from 
plans or sketches prepared with 
VENUS PENCILS. 

But it is a matter of accurate record 
to estimate the overwhelming prefer- 
ence for Venus Pencils among leading 
engineers and technical men. 



17 Black Degrees 

6B Softest to 9H Hardest 

also 3 Copying 

Plain Ends per doz. - $1.25 
Rubber Ends per doz. $1.75 



Ats tationers, 
drafting supply 
dealers and stores 
throughout the 
world. 



Venus m 

v/: v sork Sm 
n? so am 

wJ 

VENUS ERASERS 

The first Eraser of 

its kind made in 

America — and still ^%i^T$ 

the best. 12 sizes. 

American Lead Pencil Co. 

243 Fifth Avenue, New York 

and London, Eng. 

Send coupon today for free sample J 

Send samples VENUS degrees checked below — and a 
VENUS ERASER. 

For bold heavy lines - - - 6B-5B-4B-3B 
For general writing and sketching - 2B-B-HB-F-H 
For clean, fine lines - - 2H-3H-4H-5H-6H 

For delicate, thin lines - 7H-8H-9H 

Name 

Address 

Profession 



Valuable suggestions appear in the advertising pages. 



38 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Industrial Cut Gears 
and Speed Reducers 

for every application of high speed power 
to low speed use 

Ideal for Conveyors, Rolls, Grinders, Line Shafts, Mixers or Hoists. 






Write for Catalogue 



Hamilton Gear C& Machine Co. 

Industrial Cut Gear Specialists 

76 Van Home Street, _____ 



TORONTO 



ELLIOTTS METAL CO. LTD. 

BIRMINGHAM - ENGLAND 



Copper 

Sheet 
plates 

TUBES 

FREE TURNING ROD 

REDRAWING ROD 

Brass 



Canadian Representatives: 

Openshaw & Bennet Ltd. 

416 Phillips Place — Montreal. 



THE VULCAN IRON WORKS, 

LIMITED 

Established 1874 

WESTERN CANADA'S PIONEER IRON WORKS. 

Fire Hydrants, 
Road Drags, 

Snow Plows for attaching to Motor Trucks. 
Municipal Castings (Iron and Brass) 
Structural Steel 
Boilers and Steel Plate Work 
Iron and Steel Forgings 
Steel Tanks of every description 
Electric Steel Castings 

Our facilities enable us to give 
prompt and efficient service 

The Vulcan Iron Works, Limited, 

WINNIPEG, MAN. 



Mentioning The Journal gives you additional consideration. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



39 




Strauss Vertical Overhead Counterweight Bascule. 

Counterweights Concealed 

Osborne St Bridge. WINNIPEG. 



Strauss Bridges have been developed for 
every requirement of navigation and land 
traffic, as evidenced in scores of Strauss 
bridges built in Canada, the United States 
and Abroad. 

CONSULT US before adopting plans or 
undertaking construction. 

The STRAUSS BASCULE 
BRIDGE CO. ENGINEERS 

225 No. Michigan Ave. CHICAGO, U.S.A. 



Canadian Office : 
London Bldg., Vancouver, B.C. 



New York Office : 
Knickerbocker Building 



Robert W. Hunt & Co. 

Limited 

CONSULTING and INSPECTING ENGINEERS, 
CHEMISTS and METALLURGISTS 

Expert Inspection and testa of all structural materials and 
mechanical equipment. 

REPORTS ON PROPERTIES AND PROCESSES 

Head Office and Laboratories: McGILL BUILDING, MONTREAL 
Branches: Toronto Vancouver London, England 



Kerr Val ves 

Write us to-day for our Catalog of 

Brass and Iron Body Gate Valves, 
Check Valves, Globe and Angle Valves, 

Radiator Valves, Underwriters 
Approved Valves, Indicator Posts and 
FIRE HYDRANTS 

The Kerr Engine Co., 

LIMITED 

WALKERVILLE, ONTARIO. 





TRUE 
TO SIZE 



STRAIGHT 

SMOOTH 

FINISH 



SH 

OF EXTREM 



RECISION 



A finished material, ready 
to use — no file fitting. 

Commercial grade steel : also 
Potomac Brand, .35 to .45 
carbon Open Hearth Steel — 
heat treated Alloy Steel. 

Distributors: 

Drummond, McCall & Co., Ltd., 
MONTREAL. 

Drummond, McCall & Co., Ltd., 
TORONTO. 



CUMBERLAND SlEEL CO. 

CUMBERLAND, MD. 



B. J. COQHLIN CO. LIMITED 

MANUFACTURERS OF ALL RINDS 

SPRINGS 



OFFICE and WORKS: 



Ontario St. East 

DARLING «"«* DAVIDSON 



MONTREAL 



DWIGHT P. ROBINSON & COMPANY 

INCORPORATED 

Design and Construction of 

Electric Railways, Shops, 
Power Stations. 



125 East 46th Street 



Chicago 
Los Angeles 
Montreal 



Rio de Janeiro 



New York 

Atlanta 

Philadelphia 

Youngstown 



Buy your equipment from Journal advertisers. 



40 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



GRANT, HOLDEN, GRAHAM, ltd. 




Manufacturers of 

all kinds and sizes of Tents, 
Tarpaulins, etc. 



Write for Catalogue 



Head Office and Factory: 

147-153 Albert Street, Ottawa, Ont. 
Branch Factories: Vancouver, B.C. and Hull, Que. 



PONT-a-MOUSSQN 



!FMNJA\€I§ 







(FRANCE) 

CAST IRON PIPE 




KENNEDY & CO., LIMITED 

General Agents for Canada 
212-213 Drummond Building, Montreal 

Jas. Robertson Co. Ltd., Gordon & Belyea 

ST. JOHN, N.B. VANCOUVER 

Empire W.W. Supply Co. Ltd., WINNIPEG 




Journal advertisements are a business call at your office. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



41 



CANADIAN LINE MATERIALS 

LIMITED 

TORONTO, ONTARIO 

MANUFACTURERS OF HARDWARE FOR HIGH TENSION 
TRANSMISSION LINES AND SECONDARY DISTRIBUTION, 
DISCONNECTING SWITCHES, AND BUS SUPPORTS. 



J. G. Allan, President 



James A. Thomson, Vice-President 



™ GARTSHORE-THOMSON PIPE & FOUNDRY GO. Limited 



MANUFACTURERS OF 

Flexible and Flange Pipe 
and Special Castings 



Flanged Ts., Bends, etc., made to 
any specification. 




3 Inches to 60 inches diameter. 



for Water, Gas and Culvert 
HAMILTON, ONT. 



Yes We Can Supply It 



Whenever you are in need of any of the following engineering specialties, just write, 
wire or phone your requirement, and it will receive our immediate attention. 

Rawlplugs— Inventions Ltd., Montreal. 



1-T-E Circuit Breakers and U-Re-Lites. 
Cutter Elec. & Mfg. Co., Philadelphia. 

Hi-Tension Air Brake Switching Equipment 
S & C. Fuses and Lightning Arresters. 
Schweitzer & Conrad, Inc., Chicago. 
Air Filters— Midwest Canada, Ltd. 



Industrial Control A.C. or D.C., Hand or Auto 
Sundh Electric Co. Inc., Newark, N.J. 

Electric Motors— Robbins & Myers. 

Brantford, Ont. 
Magnet Wire and Varnished Insulations. 
Acme Wire Co., New Haven, Conn. 



Theatre Dimmers and Resistors— Ward 
Leonard Electric Company. 

Telephone and Signal Systems — Samson 
Electric Co., Canton, Mass. 



Dominion Engineering Agency Limited 



President: D. M. ERASER 



24 Adelaide Street, East - Toronto, Ont. 
QUEBEC AND EASTERN ONTARIO REPRESENTATIVE: E. W. PLAYFORD, 358 Beaver Hall Sq., Montreal, P. 0- 




Hydraulic Turbines 

-OF- 

CANADIAN DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE 

HIGHEST EFFICIENCY. 

SUBSTANTIAL CONSTRUCTION. 

CONTINUOUS SERVICE. 

OUR HYDRAULIC TURBINES ENSURE 

A SOUND INVESTMENT. 

Boving Hydraulic & Engineering 

Company Limited 
LINDSAY, ONT. 



The advertiser is ready to give full information. 



42 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Purchaser's Classified Directory 

A Selected List of Equipment, Apparatus and Supplies 

For Alphabetical List of Advertisers see page 48 



Adds: 

Nichols Chemical Co., Ltd. 
Air Brakes: 

Canadian General Electric Co., 
Ltd. 
Air Compressors: 

Lancashire Dynamo and 
Motor Co. of Can. Ltd. 
Air Coolers: 

Laurie and Lamb. 
Air Filters: 

Midwest Canada Limited. 
Air Hose Clamps: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Air Hose Couplings: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Air Valves, Throttle: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Alumina Sulphate: 

Nichols Chemical Co., Ltd. 
Ammonia Controlled Water 

Regulators: 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Ammonia Valves and Fittings: 

Crane Ltd. 
Anchorage Equipment: 

Midwest Canada, Ltd. 

Canadian Line Materials, Ltd. 
Angle Bars: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Angles: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Dominion Bridge Co., Ltd. 

Hamilton Bridge Works Co., Ltd. 
Arches, Flat: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 
Asbestos Products: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Asphalt: 

Imperial Oil Ltd. 
Ash Handling Equipment: 

Combustion Engineering Corp 
Ltd. 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Automatic Air Valves: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Automatic Underfeed Stokers: 

Combustion Engineering Corp. 
Ltd. 

Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 



Baffle Walls: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Bag Ties, Wire: 

Bates Valve Bag Co. 
Bag Filling and Weighing Machi- 
neries: 

Bates Valve Bag Co. 
Bags, Paper: 

Bates Valve Bag Co. 
Bale Ties: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Balls, Chromang Grinding: 

William Kennedy & Sons, Ltd. 
Balls, Steel: 

Openshaw & Bennet Ltd. 
Barbed Wire: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Bar Ties, Wire: 

Bates Vrlve Bag Co. 
Bars, Reinforcing: 

Algoma Steel Corp., Ltd. 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 

Burlington Steel Co., Ltd. 

Midwest Canada Limited. 

Steel Co., of Canada, Ltd. 
Bars, Steel & Iron: 

Burlington Steel Co., Ltd. 

Steel Co., of Canada Ltd. 
Beams: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Dominion Bridge Co., Ltd. 

Hamilton Bridge Works Co., Ltd 
Bearings, Ball: 

Openshaw A Bennet, Ltd. 

N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Belting: 

General Supply Co., of Canada 
Ltd. 

Jones and Glassco, Regd. 
Bending Machines: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd. 
Billets, Blooms and Slabs: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd 



Blankets: 

Grant-Holden-Graham, Ltd. 
Blowers, Centrifugal: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 
Blue Print Machinery: 

Montreal Blue Print Co. 
Boilers: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

E. Leonard & Sons, Ltd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Boilers, Electric: 

Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 
Boilers, Heating: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 

E. Leonard & Sons, Ltd. 

Taylor Stoker Co.. Ltd. 
Boilers, Marine: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Boilers, Portable: 

E. Leonard & Sons, Ltd. 
Boilers, Return Tubular: 

Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 

McCulIoch Ltd. 
E. Leonard & Sons, Ltd. 
Bolts: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd 

N. Slater Co., Ltd. 

Steel Co., of Canada, Ltd. 
Bonds, Rail: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg. Co., 
Ltd. 
Boring and Turning Mills: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd., 
Boxes, Valve: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Brass, Sheets, Rods, Tubes: 

Openshaw & Bennet Ltd. 
Bridge Designs and 

Engineering Services: 

Strauss Bascule Bridge Co. 
Bridges, Steel: 

Canadian Bridge Co., Ltd. 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Dominion Bridge Co., Ltd. 

Hamilton Bridge Works Co. .Ltd. 
Broadcasting Equipment: 

Northern Electric Co., Ltd. 
Buckets, Clamshell: 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 
Buckets, Orange-peel: 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 
Bucket Loaders: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 

Mussens Ltd. 
Builders Supplies: 

Jno. E. Russell Co., Ltd. 
Building Materials, Asbestos: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Building Papers: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Buildings, Steel: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Canadian Bridge Co., Ltd. 

Dominion Bridge Co., Ltd. 

Hamilton Bridge Works Co., Ltd. 
Bus-Supports: 

Canadian Line Materials, Ltd. 



Canvas Goods: 

Grant-Holden-Graham, Ltd. 
Car Dumpers: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Car Equipment Specialties: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg. Co 
Ltd. 
Car Pullers: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Car Steps, Safety: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Car Wheels, Chilled Iron. 

Canada Iron Foundries, Ltd. 
Cars, Dump: 

Clare Osborn Ltd. 

F. H. Hopkins & Co.. Ltd. 

Mussens Ltd. 
Casements, Steel: 

Trussed Concrete Steel Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Castings: 

Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 
McCulloch Ltd. 

William Kennedy & Sons, Ltd. 
Castings, Brass: 

N. Slater Co., Ltd. 

Superheater Co., Ltd. 



Castings. Iron: 

Canada Iron Foundries, Ltd. 

Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 

Gartshore-Thomson Pipe and 
Foundry Co., Ltd. 

E. Leonard & Sons, Ltd. 

Superheater Co., Ltd. 
Catenary Materials: 

Canadian Line Materials, Ltd. 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg., Co. 
Ltd. 

N. Slater Co.. Ltd. 
Cement, Dealers: 

Jno. E. Russell Co., Ltd. 
Cement Gun: 

General Supply Co., of Canada, 

Ltd. 
Cement, High Temperature: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Cement, Manufacturers: 

Canada Cement Co., Ltd. 
Chain Grate Stokers: 

Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 
McCulloch Co., Ltd. 
Chains: 

Link-Belt, Ltd. 
Chains, Silent: 

Jones and Glassco, Regd. 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Channels: 

Dominion Bridge Co., Ltd. 

Hamilton Bridge Works Co., Ltd. 
Chemist, Industrial: 

Milton Hersey Co., Ltd. 
Chimneys: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 
Circuit Breakers: 

Dominion Engineering Agency, 
Ltd. 
Clamps, Double Bolt: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Clamps, High Pressure Hose: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Clamps, Rock Drill: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Clamps, Sectional: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Clamps, Single Bolt: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Coal: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Coal Handling Equipment: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 

Dominion Bridge Co., Ltd. 

Link-Belt, Ltd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Coke: 

British Empire Steel Corp.. Ltd. 
Compressor Filters: 

Midwest Canada, Ltd. 
Compressors: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

General Supply Co., of Canada, 
Ltd 

Babco .i- Wilcox & Goldie- 
McCulloch Co., Ltd. 
Compressors, Air: 

Canadian Westinghouse,Co.,Ltd 

Lancashire Dynamo and Motor 
Co. of Can. Ltd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Compressors, Ammonia: 

Taylor Stoker Co.. Ltd. 
Compressors, Centrifugal. 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 
Concrete Armouring, Surface: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Concrete Inserts, Continuous: 

Midwest Canada, Ltd. 
Concrete Mixers: 

Clare Osborn, Ltd. 

General Supply Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 

Mussens Ltd. 
Condensers, Synchronous &Sta tic: 

Canadian General Electric Co., 
Ltd. 

Griswold & Co., Ltd. 

Lancashire Dynamo and 

Motor Co. of Can. Ltd. 
Conduit, Telephone Cable: 

Pacific Coast Pipe Co. Ltd. 
Conduit, Underground Fibre: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Conduit, Under floor Duct: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co. 
Ltd. 



Connecting Rods: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Construction Material Electrical: 

Northern Electric Co., Ltd. 

N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Contractors: 

E. G. M. Cape & Co. 

E. O. Leahey & Co., Ltd. 
Randolph MacDonald Co., Ltd. 
D. P. Robinson & Co. Inc. 

Contractors' Plant and Supplies: 
Clare Osborn, Ltd. 

F. H. Hopkins & Co.. Ltd. 
Mussens Limited. 

Contractors' Pumps: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 
Controllers, Electric: 

Canadian Westinghouse Co. Ltd. 
Conveyors: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Conveyors, Portable Belt: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 

Mussens Ltd. 
Cooling Air. Filters: 

Midwest Canada Limited. 
Copper, Sheets, Rods, Tubes: 

Openshaw & Bennet, Ltd. 
Couplings, Air Hose: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Couplings. High Pressure Hose: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Couplings, Rock Drill: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Couplings, Steam Hose: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Couplings, Suction Hose: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Cranes: 

Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 
McCulloch Ltd. 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Cranes, Crawler: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Cranes, Locomotives: 

Clare Osborn, Ltd. 

F. H. Hopkins & Co.. Ltd. 

Link-Belt, Ltd. 

Mussens Ltd. 
Cranes, Travelling: 

Dominion Bridge Co.. Ltd. 
Creosote Oils: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Cross Arm Braces: 

Burlington Steel Co., Ltd. 

N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Crushed Stones: 

Jno. E. Russell Co., Ltd. 
Crushers, Jaw, Gyratory: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 
Culvert Pipe: 

Gartshore-Thomson Pipe and 
Foundry Co., Ltd. 

Jno. E. Russell Co., Ltd. 
Cutters, Milling: 

Pratt & Whitney Company of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Cutting off Machines: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd. 



Damper Regulation: 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Dampproof Coating: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Derricks: 

Mussens Ltd. 
Die Screw Plates: 

Pratt & Whitney Company of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Dies: 

Pratt & Whitney Co., of Canada, 

Ltd. 
N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Doors, Fireproof: 
Mussens Limited. 
N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Dredges: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Drills: 

Pratt & Whitney Company of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Drilling Machines, Metal: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd. 
Drill Sharpeners: 

Lancashire Dynamo and 

Motor Co. of Can. Ltd. 



Consult the advertiser, his information is valuable. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



43 



BURLINGTON STEEL COMPANY LTD. 

Hamilton, Canada 



MacVlcar 

& Heriot, 
Architects 



Wm. H. 

Wardwell, 
Consulting 
Engineer 




General 
Contractors 
E. G. M. Cape 
& Co. 



Burlington Reinforcing Bars used in construction of building for Gowans-Kent Co., Toronto, erected 192.?. 

Reinforcing Bar Specification 



^aaSs^SSs 



RAIL STEEL 

XrCONCRETC 

REINFORCING _ 



^=W* 




You will be interested in the 
facts contained in this valuable 
book. A copy is yours for the 
asking. 



A steel specification is a document for 
guidance to the manufacturer in producing 
an article and a protection to the purchaser 
in acceptance. American Society for 
Testing Materials specifications are written 
only after careful study of the production 
of the article, and equally careful study of 
the use to which it is to be put. 

Specification A-16-14, covering Rail Steel 
Bars, was issued by the American Society 
for Testing Materials after the most careful 
investigation that has ever been made of 
any reinforcing material. This investigation 



was made by Professor W. K. Hatt of 
Purdue University, who tested over three 
thousand bars obtained from four Rail 
Steel mills under normal working cond- 
itions. Professor Hatt found that Rail 
Steel Bars had unusual strength and, 
furthermore, "excess ductility" for its 
strength above usual grades of steel. 

Specification A-16-14 is, therefore, every- 
thing that a specification should be and has 
proven a protection to the purchasers who 
have used millions of tons of Rail Steel Bars 
forallkindsof reinforced concrete structures. 



Specify your reinforcing steel to meet A. S. T. M. Specification A-16-14 or 
Canadian Engineering Standards Association A-9-1923-B 



RAIL STEEL for 
REINFORCING 



Mention The Journal when dealing with advertisers 



44 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Purchaser's Classified Directory 



Economizers: 

Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 

McCulloeh Ltd. 
Combustion Engineering Corp., 

Ltd. 
General Supply Co., of Canada 
Ltd. 
Electric Motors: 

Lincoln Electric Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Electric Welders: 

Lincoln Electric Co.. of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Electrical Appliances: 

Northern Electric Co. Ltd. 
Electric Railway Car Couplers: 
Dominion Insulator & Mfg. Co., 
Ltd. 
Electrical Supplies: 

Northern Electric Co., Ltd. 
Enamels, Acid & Fume Resisting: 

Dominion Paint Works, Ltd. 
Enamels, Industrial Lighting: 
Dominion Paint Works, Ltd. 
End Mills: 

Pratt & Whitney Company of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Engines, Gas and Oil: 

Canadian Fairbanks-Morse Co. 

Ltd. 
Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Engines, Gas & Oil, Filters: 

Midwest Canada Limited. 
Engines, Steam: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 

Ltd. 
Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 

MeCulloch Ltd. 
Laurie and Lamb. 
E. Leonard & Sons, Ltd. 
Excavators: 

Mussens Limited. 
Excavators, Dragline: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Exhaust Steam Injectors, Loco- 
motive: 
Superheater Co., Ltd. 



Fan Engine Regulators: 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Feed-Water Heaters, Locomotive: 

Superheater Co., Ltd. 
Fence Posts, Steel: 

Burlington Steel Co., Ltd. 
Fillers, Wood and Metal: 

Dominion Paint Works, Ltd. 
Filters, Air: 

Midwest Canada, Ltd. 
Fire Alarm Apparatus: 

Northern Electric Co., Ltd. 
Floor Stands: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Flange Couplings: 

Cumberland Steel Co. 
Flanges, Companion: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Files, Valve: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Flooring, Fireproof: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Flooring, Open Steel: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Flooring, Steel: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Flooring, Non-Slipping: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Flooring, Ventilating: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Floors, Monolithic: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Forglngs: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 

Dominion Bridge Co., Ltd. 

N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Friction Clutches: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Fuel, Oil: 

Imperial Oil, Ltd. 
Furnaces, Automatic: 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 



Galvanizing, Hot Hip: 

N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Gasoline: 

Imperial Oil, Ltd. 



Gauges: 

Pratt & Whitney Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Gear Reductions: 

Hamilton Gear & Machine Co. 
Gears: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Hamilton Gear & Machine Co. 

Link-Belt, Ltd. 
Gears, Machine Cut: 

Jones and Glassco, Regd. 
Gears, Double Helical: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. * 
Gears Reduction: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 
Generators: 

Canadian General Electric Co., 
Ltd. 

Canadian Westinghouse Co. Ltd. 

Griswold & Co., Ltd. 

Lancashire Dynamo and 

Motor Co. of Can. Ltd. 
Grab Buckets: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Grating, Steel: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Gratings, Area, Sidewalk: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Ground Joints Unions: 

Dart Union Co., Ltd. 
Ground Shafting: 

Cumberland Steel Co. 
Guards, Truck Radiator: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 



Hammers, Steam : 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd., 
Hangers 

Link-Belt Ltd. 

Midwest Canada Limited. 
Hangers, Door: 

N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Headlights, Electric Railway: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg. Co., 
Ltd. 
Heaters, Boiler Feed- Water: 

Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 
McCulloch Ltd. 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 
Heating Material: 

Crane Ltd. 
Hobs: 

Pratt & Whitney Company of 
Canada Ltd. 
Hoisting Engines: 

Clare Osborn, Ltd. 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 

Lancashire Dynamo and Motor 
Co. of Can. Ltd. 

Mussens Ltd. 
Hoists, Electric: 

Lancashire Dynamo and 

Motor Co. of Can. Ltd. 

Link-Belt Ltd. 

Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 
Hoists, Hydraulic: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Hoists, Mono-Rail: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 

Taylor Stoker Co.. Ltd. 
Hose Couplings, High Pressure: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Hydraulic Press Control Systems: 

Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 
Hydraulic Turbines: 

Boving Hydraulio & Engineering 
Co. 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Dominion Engineering Works, 

Ltd. 
General Supply Co., of Can. Ltd. 



Industrial Electric Control: 

Canadian General Electric Co. 

Ltd. 
Dominion Engineering Agency 
Ltd. 
Insulated Rail Joints, Continuous; 
Rail Joint Co., of Canada, Ltd 
Insulation, Steam Pipe Casing: 

Pacific Coast Pipe Co. Ltd. 
Insulation, Underground 
Systems: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co. 
Ltd. 
Insulators, Porcelain: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg., Co. 
Ltd. 



Joints, Filler Paving: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 



Kerosene: 

Imperial Oil Ltd. 



Ladder Steps, Steel: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Lathes: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd., 
Lightning Arrestors: 

Canadian General Electric Co., 

Ltd. 
Dominion Engineering Agency, 
Ltd. 
Lighting Equipment, Industrial 
and Street: 

Canadian General Electrio Co., 
Ltd. 
Line Materials: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg. Co., 

Ltd. 
N. Slater Co., Ltd. 
Locomotives: 

Clare Osborn, Ltd. 
F. H Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 
Mussens Ltd. 
Locomotives, Electric: 

Canadian General Electric Co., 

Ltd. 
Canadian Westinghouse Co., Ltd. 
Lubricating Oils & Greases: 

Imperial Oil Ltd. 
Lumber, Asbestos: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 



M 



Machine Tools: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd. 
Machinery: 

Canadian Fairbanks-Morse Co., 

Ltd. 
Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 
Machinery, Bag Filling and 
Weighing: 

Bates Valve Bag Co. 
Mackinaw Clothing: 

Grant-Holden-Graham, Ltd. 
Mandrels: 

Pratt & Whitney Company of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Marine-Machinery : 

William Kennedy & Sons, Ltd. 
Material Handling Plants: 
Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Link-Belt Ltd. 
Mussens Limited. 
Menders, High Pressure Hose: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Men's Furnishings: 

Grant-Holden-Graham, Ltd. 
Merchant Bars: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Metal Lath: 

Trussed Concrete Steel Co. of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Milling Cutters: 

Pratt & Whitney Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Milling Machines: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd. 
Mine Hoists, Steam and Electric: 
Lancashire Dynamo and 
Motor Co. of Can. Ltd. 
Mining Machinery: 

William Kennedy & Sons, Ltd. 
Motors: 

Canadian Fairbanks-Morse Co., 

Ltd. 
Dominion Engineering Agency 

Ltd. 
Lancashire Dynamo and 

Motor Co. of Can. Ltd. 
Motors, Electric: 

Canadian General Electric Co., 

Ltd. 
Canadian Westinghouse Co., Ltd 
Lancashire Dynamo and Motor 

Co. of Can. Ltd. 
Lincoln Electric Co., of Canada 
Ltd. 
Motor Oils: 

Imperial Oil Ltd. 



N 



Nails: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Nipples, High Pressure Hose: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Nipples, Pneumatic Hose: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Nipples, Rock Drill: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Nozzles, Malleable Iron: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Nuts: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd, 



OH Burning Equipment: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. . 
Oil Purifiers, Centrifugal: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 



Packings, Asbestos Sheet: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Packings, Rod and Plunger: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Paints, Metal Protectlves: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Paper Bags: 

Bates Valve Bag Co. 
Paper Mill Machinery: 

Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 
Paving Contractors: 

Standard Paving Ltd. 
Pencils: 

American Lead Pencil Co. 
Penstocks: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Horton Steel Works, Ltd. 

Pacific Coast Pipe Co., Ltd. 
Pinions: 

Hamilton Gear & Machine Co. 

Jones & Glassco, Reg'd. 
Pipe Colls: 

Superheater Co., Ltd. 
Pipe, Concrete: 

Jno. E. Russell Co., Ltd. 
Pipe Couplings, Union: 

Dart Union Co., Ltd. 
Pipe Fittings: 

Crane Ltd. 
Pipe, Lead: 

Steel Co. of Canada, Ltd. 
Pipes, Cast Iron: 

Canada Iron Foundries, Ltd. 

Gartshore-Thomson Pipe and 
Foundry Co., Ltd. 

General Supply Co., of Canada 
Ltd. 

Kennedy & Company, Ltd. 

National Iron Corp., Ltd. 
Pipe Insulations: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Pipe Lock Bar: 

General Supply Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Pipe, Wood Stave: 

Pacifio Coast Pipe Co., Ltd. 
Pipes, Reinforced Concrete: 

Jno. E. Russell Co., Ltd. 
Pipes, Wrought Iron: 

Crane Ltd. 
Planing Machines, Metal: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd., 
Plate Rolls: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd., 
Plates, Brass and Copper: 

Openshaw & Bennet, Ltd. 
Plates, Steel: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Hamilton Bridge Works Co., Ltd. 

Vulcan Iron Works, Ltd. 
Plumbing Material: 

Crane Ltd. 
Pole Line Hardware: 

Canadian Line Materials, Ltd. 
Posts, Indicator: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Porcelain, Insulators: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg. Co., 
Ltd. 
Power Apparatus: 

Northern Electric Co., Ltd. 
Power Plant Equipment: 

Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 
McCuIloch Ltd. 

Combustion Engineering Corp , 
Ltd. 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Midwest Canada Limited. 



Firms advertising in The Journal are considered as absolutely reputable. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



45 




Midwest New Model 

U-2 Air Filters 

Outstanding 

Features 



1. INTERLOCKING FRAMES 

The front of the filter frame is provided at top and one side 
with projecting lips which grip and interlock with adjoining 
frames. In the rear, behind the filter cells, the frames are bolted 
together, thus forming a double air seal between adjoining 
frames. 

2. AIR TIGHT CONNECTION BETWEEN FRAMES AND CELLS 

The filter cells fit bodily Into the frames. The cells are pressed 
firmly against continuous flanges located In the rear of the 
frames by means of four locking clips with thumb screws, located 
in the front of the cells. Absolutely air tight joints are thus 
assured and yet the cells are easily removed and replaced in the 
frames. 

3. ENLARGED EFFECTIVE FILTER AREA 

Practically every square inch of the 20" x 20" area of the filter 
unit is utilized as effective filter area. The increase of effective 
area over previous and competing models Is 25-30%. This means 



a corresponding increase in dust accumulating capacity, larger 
air capacity and lower resistance. 

4. EFFICIENCY 

While the filter principle is the same as in previous models the 
latest U-2 model has greatly increased the efficiency due to a 
better arrangement of the filter sheets and to the addition of a 
detachable sub-cell which catches any minute dust particles 
which might be able to find their way through the main cell. 
This increased efficiency has been accomplished ^without any 
sacrifice in operating resistance. 

5. STURDINESS AND UNIFORMITY 

The filters are built of sturdy and substantial material of ample 
stiffness and with welded joints. The filter sheets are made on 
automatic machines, insuring absolute uniformity of all sheets 
(which also insures uniformity of the filter cells both in respect 
to capacity and efficiency.) There is nothing in the filters which 
can deteriorate or become disarranged or dislodged. They are, 
therefore, everlasting and will need no repairs or renewals. 



Dept. F-16 will be glad to send complete information 

MIDWEST CANADA LIMITED 



83 Craig Street West 



MONTREAL, Que. 



A Word To Engineers. 



Most Engineers—when specifying any particular equipment, do so, 
because the goods specified are so designed as to be in keeping 
with good engineering practice—which proves that engineers desire 
most of all that the plants they equip shall give the smallest degree of 
troubleandbe as efficient and dependable aspossible in actual service. 



"DART" FLANGE UNIONS 

Have Bronze to Bronze Seats 



Dart Union Co., Limited, 

TORONTO 



"DART" FLANGE UNIONS 
Have Ball-Shaped Ground Seats 




OUR TORONTO PLANT 



"YORK" Ice Machines 

THE BEST MADE 

REFRIGERATING 

AND ICE MAKING 

MACHINERY 

AND SUPPLIES 
FOR ALL PURPOSES 



CANADIAN ICE MACHINE CO., LTD., T SS2ST° v ANC o^ N R TREAL 



Don't fail to mention The Journal when writing advertisers. 



46 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



Purchaser's Classified Directory 



Presses, Hydraulic: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd. 
Propellor Wheels: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Wm. Kennedy & Sons, Ltd. 
Pulp Mill Machinery: 

Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 

William Hamilton Co.. Ltd. 
Pulp Pumps: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 
Pulpwood Machinery: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Pulverized Fuel Systems: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Pump Governors: 

Under-Feed Stoker Co.. of 
Canada, Ltd. 

C. A. Dunham Co., Ltd. 
Pump Valves: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Pumps: 

Canadian Fairbanks-Morse Co., 
Ltd. 

Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 

General Supply Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 

Jones & Glassco, Reg'd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Pumps and Condensers: 

Babcock- Wilcox & Goldie- 
McCulloch Ltd. 
Pumps, Centrifugal: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 

Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 

Laurie & Lamb. 
Pumps, Hydraulic: 

Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 
Pumps Oil: 

Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 
Punches and Punch Dies: 

Pratt & Whitney Company of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Punches and Shears: 

John Bertram & Sons Co., Ltd. 



Radiator Traps: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Radiator Valves: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Radio Receiving Sets: 

Northern Electric Co., Ltd. 
Rail Bonds: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg., Co. 
Ltd. 
Rail Joints: 

Rail Joint Co., of Canada, Ltd. 
Ralls: 

Algoma Steel Corp., Ltd. 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 

Burlington Steel Co., Ltd. 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 

Steel Co. of Canada, Ltd. 
Railroad Spikes: 

Steel Co., of Canada, Ltd. 
Railway Equipment: 

Canadian General Electrie Co., 
Ltd. 
Rawhide Pinions: 

Hamilton Gear & Machino Co. 
Rawlplugs: 

Dominion Engineering Agency 
Ltd. 
Reamers: 

Pratt A Whitney Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Recording Instruments: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 
Refrigerating Machinery: 

Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 
Reinforcing Steel: 

Burlington Steel Co., Ltd. 

Midwest Canada Limited. 

Trussed Concrete Steel Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Rivets: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Road Oils & Preservatives: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Road Rollers: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg. Co., 
Ltd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Rock Drills, Air and Steam: 

Lancashire Dynamo and 
Motor Co., of Can. Ltd. 
Rods. Steel: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 



Roofing, Prepared: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Roofs, Built up. Felt & Pitch: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Roofing, Asbestos and Prepared: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Roofs, Asbestos Built up: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Roofing, Asbestos Ready-to-lay: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Roofing, Corrugated Asbestos: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Rope, Wire: 

Dominion Wire Rope Co., Ltd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Rubber Goods, Mechanical: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 



Safes: 

Babcook- Wilcox 4 Goldie- 
McCulloch Co., Ltd. 
Sash, Steel: . 

Trussed Concrete Steel Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Sawmill Chains: 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Sawmill Machinery: 

William Hamilton Co., Ltd. 
Scales: 

Canadian Fairbanks-Morse Co 
Ltd. 
Screening Equipment: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Link-Belt, Ltd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Screw Blanks, Lead: 

Cumberland Steel Co. 
Sewer Pipe: 

Jno. E. Russell Co., Ltd. 
Shaft Couplings, Flexible: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 
Shafting, Anchorage: 

Midwest Canada, Ltd. 
Shafting, Cold Drawn: 

Cumberland Steel Co. 
Sheathing: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Sheets ■ 

Steel Co., of Canada Ltd. 
Shingles, Asbestos: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Shingles, Prepared Asphalt: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Skip Hoists: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 

Link-Belt Ltd. 

Mussens Limited. 
Sleeping Robes: 

Grant-Holden-Graham, Ltd. 
Smoke Stacks: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 
Ltd. 

Horton Steel Works, Ltd. 
Sodas: 

Nichols Chemical Co., Ltd. 
Speed Reducers, Gear: 

Hamilton Gear & Machine, Co. 
Spikes: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Springs: 

B. J. Coghlin Co., Ltd. 
Sprinkler Tanks: 

Horton Steel Works, Ltd. 
Stair Steps, Safety: 

Irving Iron Works Co. 
Staples: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Steam Heating Specialties: 

C. A. Dunham Co., Ltd. 
Steam Shovels: 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 

Mus9ens, Ltd. 
Steam Traps: 

C. A. Dunham Co., Ltd. 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd 
Steel, Ground Alloy: 

Cumberland Steel Co. 
Steel Head Frames: 

Hamilton Bridge Works Co., Ltd. 
Steel Pipe: 

Horton Steel Works, Ltd. 
>teel Plate Construction: 

Horton Steel Works, Ltd. 
Steel Shafting: 

Cumberland Steel Co. 
Steel Stacks: 

Midwest Canada Limited. 
Stokers: 

Combustion Engineering Cor|, 
Ltd. 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 



Stokers, Side-feed: 

Combustion Engineering Corp. 

Ltd. 
Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 

Canada, Ltd. 
Stokers, Under-feed: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 

Ltd. 
Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 
Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 

Canada, Ltd. 
Stone Crushers: 

General Supply Co., of Canada, 

Ltd. 
Mussens Limited. 
Structural Steel: 

Algoma Steel Corporation, Ltd. 
British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Canadian Bridge Co., Ltd. 
Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Hamilton Bridge Works Co. .Ltd. 
Standard Steel Constrn.Co.,Ltd. 
Steel Co. of Canada, Ltd. 
Vulcan Iron Works, Ltd. 
Superheaters: 

General Supply Co., of Canada, 

Ltd. 
Superheater Co., Ltd. 
Switches, Disconnecting: 

Canadian Line Materials, Ltd. 
Switchboards, Power Lighting: 
Canadian General Electric Co., 

Ltd. 
Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 

Ltd. 
Switchgears: 

Lancashire Dynamo and 

Motor Co. of Can. Ltd. 



Tanks, Cylindrical: 

Horton Steel Works, Ltd. 
Tanks, Oil: 

HortonSteel Works, Ltd. 
Tanks, Steel: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Horton Steel Works, Ltd. 

E. Leonard & Sons, Ltd. 
Tanks, Wood Stave: 

Pacific Coast Pipe Co., Ltd. 
Taps: 

Pratt & Whitney Co., of Canada, 
Ltd 
Tar: 

Barrett .Co., Ltd. 
Tents: 

Grant-Holden-Graham, Ltd. 
Tie Plates: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Tools, Small: 

Pratt & Whitney Co., of Canada. 
Ltd. 

E. Leonard & Sons, Ltd. 
Track Tools: 

B. J. Coghlin Co., Ltd. 
Tractors: 

Mussens Limited 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 
Transformers, Lighting & Power: 

Canadian General Electric Co., 
Ltd. 
Transmission Machinery : 

Link-Belt Ltd. 
Trolley Materials: 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg. Co., 
Ltd. 
Tubing, Seamless Steel: 

Openshaw & Bennet Ltd. 
Turbines Hydraulic: 

Boving Hydraulic & Engineering 

Co., Ltd. 
Canadian Vickers Ltd. 
Dominion Engineering Works, 

Ltd. 
General Supply Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Turbines, Steam: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 
Turbo Generators: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 



Under-feed Stokers: 

Combustion Engineering Corp., 

Ltd. 
Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 
Union Pipe Couplings: 
Dart Union Co., Ltd. 



Valve Boxes: 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 
Valve Files: 

Jenkins Bro9., Ltd. 
Varnishes, Acid Resisting: 

Dominion Paint Works, Ltd. 
Varnishes, Insulating: 

Dominion Paint Works, Ltd. 
Valves: 

Canadian Fairbanks-Morse Co., 
Ltd. 

Crane Limited. 

C. A. Dunham Co., Ltd. 

Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 

Jenkins Bros., Ltd. 

Kerr Engine Co., Ltd. 
Valves, Automatic Cut-off: 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Valves, High Pressure Air: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Valves, Oiler: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Valves, Penstock: 

Dominion Engineering Works, 
Ltd. 
Valves, Regulating: 

C. A. Dunham Co., Ltd. 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Valves, Relief: 

Under-Feed Stoker Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Valves, Rock Drill: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Valves, Steam Throttle: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Valves. Throttle: 

Knox Mfg. Co. 
Venturl Meters: 

General Supply Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 



Washers: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 
Water Meters: 

Neptune Meter Co., Ltd. 
Water Meters, Volumetric: 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Water Power Plant Machinery: 

Canadian Vickers Ltd. 

Wm. Kennedy & Sons, Ltd. 
Waterproofing: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 

Canadian Johns-Manville Co., 
Ltd. 
Water Softening Plants: 

Laurie & Lamb. 
Waterworks Constructional 

Articles : 

Lincoln Electric Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Welding Machines, Electric 

and Accessories: 

Canadian General Electric Co., 
Ltd. 

Canadian Westinghouse Co., Ltd 

Dominion Insulator & Mfg., Co., 
Ltd. 

Lincoln Electric Co., of Canada, 
Ltd. 
Wheelbarrows: 

Bateman- Wilkinson. 
Winches: 

Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd. 
Wire: 

British Empire Steel Corp., Ltd. 

Steel Co., of Canada, Limited. 
Wire Bag Ties: 

Bates Valve Bag Co. 
Wire Bar Ties: 

Bates Valve Bag Co. 
Wire Mesh: 

Trussed Concrete Steel Co., of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Wire Rope: 

Dominion Wire Rope Co., Ltd. 

F. H. Hopkins & Co., Ltd. 
Wires and Cables: 

Northern Electric Co., Ltd. 
Wood Preservations: 

Barrett Co., Ltd. 
Woodruff Key Cutters: 

Pratt & Whitney Company of 
Canada, Ltd. 
Worm Gear: 

Hamilton Gear & Machine Co. 

Link-Relt Ltd. 
Worm Reduction Gears: 

De Laval Steam Turbine Co. 



Consider the advertiser, his course is that of wisdom. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



47 



Equipment Specialists 



We are not miracle 
workers — but we can 
offer you our most 
conscientious efforts to 
furnish you with the 
most efficient equip- 
ment to take care of 
your problem. 

Locomotives, 

Shovels, Cars, 

Cranes, Mixers, 

Rock Crushers, 

and 

Construction 

Plant of all 

Kinds. 

— Just Write Us — 



' LIMITED ! 

CONTRACTORS- 
RAILROAD 
MUNICIPAL- 
• MINING* 
EQUIPMENT I 

TORONTO ' 
i ONT I 



E. G. M. Cape& Company 

Engineers and Contractors 
General Building Construction 



Estimates and tenders furnished on 
all classes of Construction Work. 

Head Office: 

920 NEW BIRKS Bldg. PHILLIPS SQUARE 

MONTREAL 



HELSBY 

STATIC 

CONDENSER 



FOR IMPROVING 

POWER 
FACTOR 

WE SOLICIT YOUR 
ENQUIRIES 

Griswold & Co. Ltd. 

285 BEAVER HALL HILL 

MONTREAL 



Request for Institute Records 

To the Members of The Institute 



In order to make the Year Book and List of Members of the greatest possible value to the membership, It is earnestly 
requested that you kindly fill in the return slip. 

In many cases we have not on our records the official positions of our members and It is hoped that all members will return 
the slip, filled In, at the earliest possible date. 

FRASER S. KEITH, Secretary. 



Name in full . 

College degrees 

Military titles and honours (including dates of enlistment and demobilization) 

Firm and position 

Mailing address 



Journal advertisers are worthy of your business consideration. 



48 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



INDEX TO ADVERTISERS 



Page 

Algoma Steel Corporation, Limited (Inside Back Cover) 

American Lead Pencil Company 37 

Babcock- Wilcox and Goldie-McCulloch, Limited 50 

Bateman- Wilkinson Company, Limited 35 

Bates Valve Bag Company, Limited 34 

Beaubien, Busfield & Company 49 

Bertram & Sons Company, Limited, John The 3 

Boving Hydraulic and Engineering Company, Limited 41 

British Empire Steel Corporation, Limited 20 

Budden, Hanbury A 49 

Burlington Steel Company, Limited 43 

Burnett, J. A 49 

Canada Cement Company, Limited 12 

Canada Iron Foundries 36 

Canadian Bridge Company, Limited, The 28 

Canadian Fairbanks-Morse Company, Limited, The 32 

Canadian General Electric Company, Limited 5 

Canadian Ice Machine Company, Limited 45 

Canadian Inspection and Testing Company, Limited 49 

Canadian Johns-Manville Company, Limited 21 

Canadian Line Materials, Limited 41 

Canadian Vickers, Limited 15 

Cape, E. G. M. and Company 47 

Chipman, Willis 49 

Coghlin Company, Limited, B. J 39 

Combe, F. A 49 

Combustion Engineering Corporation, Limited 19 

Crane Limited 4 

Cumberland Steel Company 39 

Dart Union Company, Limited 45 

De Laval Steam Turbine Company 30 

Dominion Bridge Company, Limited 27-40 

Dominion Engineering Agency, Limited 41 

Dominion Engineering Works, Limited 25 

Dominion Oxygen Company, Limited 24 

Dominion Wire Rope Company, Limited, The 32 

Donald & Company, Limited, J. T 49 

Dunham Company, Limited, C. A 33 

Ellison, George 36 

Living and Tremblay 49 

Fetherstonhaugh & Company 49 

Francis & Company, Walter J 49 

Gartshore-Thomson Pipe & Foundry Co. Ltd. The 41 

General Supply Company of Canada, Ltd. The 8 

Grant, Holden, Graham, Limited 40 

Greenshields & Company 33 

Griswold & Company, Limited 47 

Hamilton Bridge Works Company, Limited, The 22 

Hamilton Gear & Machine Company 38 

Hersey Company, Limited, Milton 35 

Hopkins & Company, Limited, F. H 32 

Hunt & Company, Limited, Robert W 39 

Imperial Oil, Limited (Outside Back Cover) 

Irving Iron Works Company 35 



Page 

James, Proctor & Redfern, Limited 49 

Jenkins Bros, Limited 11 

Jones & Glassco, Registered 27 

Kennedy & Company, Limited 40 

Kennedy & Sons, Limited, The William 29 

Kerr Engine Company, Limited, The 39 

Kerry & Chace, Limited 49 

Knox Manufacturing Company 26 

Lancashire Dynamo and Motor Co. of Canada 14 

Laurie & Lamb 28 

Lea, R. S. and W. S 49 

Leahey & Company, Limited, E. 16 

Lincoln Electric Company of Canada, Limited, The 13 

MacDonald Company, Limited, The Randolph 36 

Malleable Castings Mfrs. of Canada (Inside Front Cover) 

Marks and Clerk 49 

Martin, F. H ._ 49 

McDougall, Pease and Friedman 49 

Metcalf Company, Limited, John S 49 

Midwest Canada, Limited 45 

Milton, A. G 36 

Montreal Blue Print Company 49 

Muckleston, H. B 49 

Mussens, Limited 17 

National Iron Corporation, Limited 36 

Neptune Meter Company, Limited 29 

Nesbitt, Thomson & Company, Limited 31 

Newill, George E 49 

Nichols Chemical Company, Limited, The 48 

Northern Electric Company, Limited 23 

Openshaw & Bennet, Limited 38 

Osborn, Limited, Clare 47 

Pacific Coast Pipe Company, Limited 30 

Potter, Alexander 49 

Rail Joint Company of Canada, Limited, The 36 

Reed & Company, Limited, Geo. W 6 

Riley Engineering Co. of Canada, Ltd 10 

Robertson, Limited, J. M 49 

Robinson and Company, D wight P 39 

Rocchetti, J 49 

Ross & Company, R. A 49 

Russell Company, Limited, Jno. E 7 

Simonds (Canada) Saw Company 34 

Slater Company, Limited, N 31 

Standard Paving, Limited 31 

Standard Steel Construction Co. Limited 35 

Steel Company of Canada, Limited, The 18 

Strauss Bascule Bridge Company 39 

Superheater Company, Limited, The 37 

Taylor Stoker Company, Limited 9 

Under-Feed Stoker Company of Canada, Limited 10 

Vulcan Iron Works, Limited, The 38 

Wilson, Alexander 49 

Wynne-Roberts, and Son,-R. 49 



Manufacturers of 

HEAVY CHEMICALS 



Acids 
Caustic Soda 



Glauber's Salt 
Sulphate of Alumina 



Liquid Chlorine 
Chloride of Lime 



The Nichols Chemical Company, Limited 

Offices: MONTREAL and TORONTO 

WORKS AT: CAPLETON, QUE. SULPHIDE, ONT. BARNET, B.C. 



Consult the advertiser, his information is valuable. 



January, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



49 



PROFESSIONAL CARDS 



Geo. K. McDouqall, B.Sc, M.E.I. C. 

E. Raymond Phase. B.A., B.Sc, A.M.E.I.C. 

Ferdinand J. Friedman, B.Sc, A.M.E.I.C. 

McDougall, Pease & Friedman 

CONSULTING ENGINEERS 

Hydro-Electric Developments, Transmis- 
sion Lines, Power Stations, Steam Plants, 
Heating, Plumbing, Ventilation, Refrigera- 
tion, Sanitation, Illuminating Engineer- 
ing, Industrial Engineering, Machinery 
Layouts, Power Contracts, Reports. 

85 Osborne Street "Telephone" 

MONTREAL, Canada. Up. 5628 



R. A. ROSS & CO.. 

Consulting Engineers 

Power, Steam, Hydraulic, Electrical 
Waterworks, Tramways, Industrial. 

New Birks Building, 

MONTREAL 



J. M. ROBERTSON 

LIMITED 

Consulting Mechanical and 

Electrical Engineer 

625 Coristlne Building MONTREAL 



James Ewlng Altheod Tremblay 

EWING & TREMBLAY 

Engineers and Surveyors 

TOWN PLANNING 

Industrial. Municipal and Suburban 

Development, Sub-divisions. 

14 Phillips Square Montreal 



JOHN S. METCALF CO., Limited 

Designing and Constructing Enginbebs 

GRAIN ELEVATORS 

84 St. Francois Xavier Street, Montreal, Que. 

837 West Hastings St., Vancouver, B. C. 

108 South La Salle Street, Chicago, 111. 

395 Collins St., Melbourne, Australia. 



Alexander Wilson, a.m.e.i.c. 

CONSULTING AND SUPERVISING ENGINEER 
Reports, Estimates, Valuation, Power Develop- 
ment and Transmission, Industrial Plants, 
Illumination, Heating, Ventilating. 
Room 614 New Birks Building, 
MONTREAL, Que. 

PHONE UP 218* P.O. BOX S064 



FRANK H. MARTIN 

ADVISORY ENGINEER 

Reports for financing purposes 
and designs for 

WATER POWER DEVELOPMENTS 

807 Electric Railway Chambers 
WINNIPEG MANITOBA 



R. 0. WYNNE-ROBERTS & SON 

Municipal and General Engineering 
Reports— Plans— Appraisals— Arbitrations 



88 Church St. 
TORONTO 



Telephone 
Main 2657 



WILLIS CHIPMAN 

M. E. I. C. M. Am. Soo. C. E. 

(Registered Professional Engineer) 

WATER WORKS - SEWERAGE WORKS 
PUMPING PLANTS 

Investigations, Reports, Designs, Appraisals. 
Rooms 203-204 Mail Building, Toronto 



R. S. & W. S. LEA 

Consulting Engineers 

Water Supply, Sewerage and Drainage: Water 
Purification: Disposal of Sewage and Refuse: 
Water Power Developments and Power 
Plants. Reports, Designs, Super- 
vision of Construction. 



340 University St., 
MONTREAL, CUE. 



Telephone, 
UPTOWN 783. 



GEORGE E. NEWILL 

M.E.I.C. MEM.AM.SOC.M.E.. M.I.MECH.E. 

Consulting Engineer 



Design, Operation & Supervision of 

Steam Power Plants, 

Reports. Tests and Inspections, 

Industrial and Mechanical Problems. 

Appraisals & Fire Loss Adjustments 



189 St. James St. 
MONTREAL 



Telephone: 
MAIN 450 



MARKS 8e CLERK 

Canadian and Foreign Patents 

and Trade Marks 
128 Wellington St. Ottawa, Can. 

Resident Manager 

ALEXANDER E. MacRAE 

B.SC, A.M.E.I.C, F.C.I.C. 

Formerly Examiner, Canadian Patent Office. 



PATENTS.TR ade-m arks, 

SEARCHES. VALIDITY REPORTS. LITIGATION. 
APPLICATIONS IN ALL COUNTRIES. 

HANBURY A. BUDOEN 

ADVOCATE. REO'D U. S. PAT. ATTY. 

DONALD H. MACFARLANE, B.Sc. 

associate 

712 Drummond Bldg. Montreal 



CANADIAN INSPECTION & 
TESTING CO. LIMITED 



Toronto Office: 
100 JARVIS STREET. 

Montreal Office: 
405-406 SHAUGHNESSY BUILDING. 



209 Beaver Hall Hill 
MONTREAL 



Phone 
PLATEAU 3835 



MONTREAL BLUE PRINT CO. 

Photo reductions from Plans, Blue Prints, 

Etc., Etc. 

BLUE PRINTING IN ALL ITS BRANCHES, 

DRAUGHTING, ETC. 



H. B. MUCKLESTON 

Consulting Engineer 

Irrigation, power, water supply and purifica- 
tion, sewerage and sewage disposal, railway 
and structural engineering, reports, estimates, 
valuations and appraisals. 

901 Rogers Bldg., Vancouver, B.C. 



J. ROCCHETTI 

M.E.I.C, A.M.A.I.E.E. 

ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL 
CONSULTING ENGINEER 

Design, Specifications, Supervision, Reports, 

Power Plants, Sub-stations, Transmission 

Lines, Industrial Plants. 

406 Fashion Craft Bldg.. WINNIPEG 



Walteb J. Fbancis, C.E. F. B. Brown, M.So., 

M.E.I.C. M.E.I.C. 

M.Au.8oc.C.E., Mbu.Am.Soc.M.E. 

M.Inst.CE. Mbm.A.I.E.E. 

Walter J. Francis & Company 

Consulting Engineers 

Head Office: 260 St. James St., Montreal 

Cable Address: 
"Wauban, Montbbal." W.U. Code. 
Long Distance Telephone: Main 5643. 



J. A. BURNETT, 

M.E.I.C. P.E.Q. 

CONSULTING & APPRAISAL ENGINEER 

Room 301—205 St. James St. 

Telephone Main 2231. Montreal. 



BEAUBIEN, BUSFIELD 

& COMPANY 

CONSULTING ENGINEERS 

2 PLACE D'ARMES, MONTREAL 
De Qaspe Beaubien J. L. Busfield 



ALEXANDER POTTER, C. E. 

Consulting Engineer 
Hydraulics, Sanitation, 

Reports and Appraisals. 
Hudson Terminal Building. 
50church st., - new york 



James, Proctor & Redfern 

LIMITED 

CONSULTING ENGINEERS 

36 Toronto Street - TORONTO. CAN. 

Water Supply and Purification; Sewerage 
Systems; Municipal and Trade Waste Disposal 
Plant; Incinerators; Pavements; Bridges and 
Structural work, including Reinforced Concrete 
and Architectural Engineering. Tel. M. 8101 



ME I.C. 

Mem. Am. Soc. M. E. 



Tel. Uptown 5933 



F. A. COMBE 

Consulting Combustion and 
Steam Engineer 

Power Plant Design and Operation, Fuels, 

Utilization of Waste Heat and Steam, 

Heating and Ventilating, etc 

416 Phillips Place - MONTREAL 



PATENTS and TRADE-MARKS 

FETHERSTONHAUGH & CO. 

Patent Solicitors 

The old established firm. 

Patents and Trade-Marks Everywhere. 

HeadOfflce: Royal Bank Bide., TORONTO 

Ottawa Office! 5 Elgin St. 
Offices throughout Canada. Booklet free. 



President : J. G. G. Kerry 
Associates: A. L. Mudoe, H. R. McClymont, 
A. T. C. McMaster 

KERRY&CHACE, Limited 

ENGINEERS 

Hydro-Electric & Steam Power Developments 

Steam & Electric Railways 
Pulp & Paper Mills Industrial Engineering 
Confederation Life Bldg. TORONTO 



J. T. DONALD & CO., 

LIMITED 

Chemical Engineers. Consulting Chemists. 
Analysts, Metallurgists. 

Inspecting & Testing Engineers 
40-42 Belmont St. Montreal 



Journal advertisements are a business call at your office. 



50 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



January, 1925 



B.-W. & G.-McC. 

RoTURBo PUMPS 




Showing the Walerworks Pumping Station at Regina, Sask. Equipped with 2 B.-W. & G.-McC RoTURBo Pumps, each with a 
capacity of 3,500,000 Gals, per 24 hours. Driven by 8 Cyl. Sterling Gasoline Engines. 



RoTURBo PUMPS ARE IN USE THE WORLD OVER. 

Dozens of our Canadian installations have been repeat orders, the reasons 
are High Efficiency, Sturdy Construction, Long Life, Automatic Regulation 
and minimum cost of upkeep. 



Catalogues, plans, specifications, and engineering advice gladly supplied to parties interested. 

Babcock- Wilcox and Goldie-McCulloch, Limited 

Head Office and Works, GALT, Ontario, Canada 

TORONTO OFFICE: OTTAWA OFFICE: EASTERN BRANCH: 

1101-3 Bank of Hamilton Bldg. 185 Sparks St. College St., St. Henry, Montreal, Que. 



WESTERN BRANCH: 

248 McDermott Ave., Winnipeg, Man. 



MARITIME OFFICE: 

406 Maritime Bldg., 
New Glasgow, N.S. 



BRITISH COLUMBIA AGENTS: 

Chas. C. Moore & Co., Engineers, 
Standard Bank Bldg., Vancouver, B.C. 



Members are urged to consult The Journal's advertising pages. 




The Algoma Steel Corporation 

LIMITED 

announce to their customers 
and the Canadian trade that 
they can supply all standard 
sections of ANGLES from 
6" x 6" down to \% n y ZEE 
BARS for car builders and 
general purposes; small and 
large ROUNDS, SQUARE and 
FLAT BARS. The quality 
of the product is already 
well known to the trade, 
and is exclusively steel 
made by the Open Hearth 
process, and can be furnished 
in all grades from the softest 
rivet stock to high carbon 
special spring material. 




Order from us and you will 
get both quality and prompt 
service. A trial is convinc- 
ing. 



Our extensive warehouse 
facilities ensure prompt 
delivery. 



Open Hearth -Alloy Steels 

Chrome, 

C hrom e- Vanadium , 
Chrome-Nickel, 

Nickel-Steel, 
All of these steels we supply in 
Hot Rolled Bars 
or Billets. 



WE ALSO FURNISH 

Blooms, Billets, Slabs, 

Structural Steel, 
Merchant Bars, 

Concrete Reinforcing Bars, 

♦♦«♦♦♦ 

STEEL RAILS, Open Hearth quality, 

all sections from 12 lbs., 

to 105 lbs., per yard. 
♦♦ 

Angle Bars, 100% Joints, 

Continuous Standard Joints, 

Steel Tie Plates. 

PIG IRON 

Basic, Foundry, Malleable. 

♦♦ 

Sulphate of Ammonia 



DISTRICT SALES OFFICES: 



606 McGill Building, Montreal, 

1428 Bank of Hamilton Building, Toronto 



When purchasing equipment consider The Journal advertiser. 




Two views on the Dundas Highway near Islington. 
Both photographs were taken near the turn leading 
to the new Bloor St. viaduct over the Humber River- 




i Asphalt 

7 PRODUCTS 




The Finest Road Surface 



Hot-Mix Asphalt is the finest road surface at 
any cost. It gives permanence with economy. 
It is resilient, dustless, noiseless and non- 
glaring, too, and equally satisfactory for all 
types of traffic. 

Many, many miles of this type of road surface 
have now been built in Canada. Adaptable 
to any solid foundation, its construction does 
not necessitate long traffic delays. Hot-Mix 
Asphalt is widely preferred for city streets, 
provincial highways and wherever traffic is 
heavy and varied. 

The last link in the Dundas Road Provincial 
Highway (from the Islington turn to the Eaton 
farm side road) was completed this year by the 
Dufiferin Construction Company Limited. The 
type was Hot-Mix Asphalt, made with Imperial 
Asphalt. 



Imperial Oil Limited 

ROAD ENGINEERING DEPARTMENTS AT 

Toronto Vancouver Montreal 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 

THE JOURNAL OF 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE 

OF CANADA 



TO FACIUTATE THE ACQUIREMENT AND INTERCHANGE 
OF PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE AMONG ITS MEMBERS. 
TO PROMOTE THEIR PROFESSIONAL INTERESTS. TO 
ENCOURAGE ORIGINAL RESEARCH. TO DEVELOP AND 
MAINTAIN HIGH STANDARDS IN THE ENGINEERING 
PROFESSION AND TO ENHANCE THE USEFULNESS 
OF THE PROFESSION TO THE PUBLIC" 




FEBRUARY 1925 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CANADA 

AT 176 MANSFIELD STREET, MONTREAL 

Vol. VIII No. 2 



I 



A Better Understanding of 

Superior Malleable Castings 

and Their Legitimate Field 

Users not thoroughly conv- brought its reward both to 

ersant with the physical makers and users of this product, 

and mechanical properties but has also intensified the 

of superior Malleable Castings efforts of those who believe their 

are led to believe that they are products competitive with 

directly competitive with other e ITDlfl)mo tv/t„ii«„ui n J ^ 

ferrous castings. Because of their ^^^^JS^^f 30 ^ 

varying physical properties, each *" en ? pt to su ^titute for malle- 

of the respective classes of ferrous ab ?f V™' m . atenal s wholly un- 

metal castings has its legitimate su,ted to a glven semce « 

field and when their industrial Malleable Castings have some 

applications are based upon a times suffered displacement due 

full knowledge of their fitness to a lack of knowledge of the 

for some special duty, there mechanical limitations of these 

should be no reason for any one other ferrous products or through 

to seriously trespass upon the the belief that a lower priced 

field of another. product would do ^ job 

The outstanding improvement Almost invariably the displace- 
in Malleable Castings brought ment has been a temporary one 
about by scientific research dur- and Malleables have come back 
ing the past ten years has stronger than before. 

Dominant Physical Properties 

While other ferrous materials each possess one or more valuable 
physical properties, SUPERIOR Malleable Castings have the 
distinction of possessing all of the inherent requirements of econ- 
omic production and severe operation - Uniform Structure - Easy 
Machining - Great Strength with Light Weight - Shock Resistance 
- and Rust Resistance. 



Auto Specialties Manufacturing Company, Windsor, Ont. 

Gait Malleable Iron Company Limited, Gait, Ont. 
International Malleable Iron Company Limited, Guelph, Ont. 

McKinnon Industries Limited, St. Catharines, Ont 
The Pratt & Letchworth Company Limited, Brantford, Ont 

Makers of — 

SUPERIOR MALLEABLE CASTINGS. 



Write for the advertisers' literature mentioning The Journal. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 




P. & W. Die Stock Dies 

For Clearty Accurate Threads 

THE die consists of a single piece collar and guide containing four chasers 
held in radial slots by set screws placed at an angle of 45°. 
A ring surrounds the collet and in this ring are four tapered slots which match 
the bevel backs of the chasers. Pushing and pulling screws in the flange of 
the collet move the ring to permit adjusting the chasers 1/32 in. over or under 
standard size. 

The chasers are hobbed one at a time in a separate holder in such a manner 
as to provide proper relief or clearance when set up in the collet. Chasers are 
readily removed for regrinding. Their proper location is always determined 
as the collet slots and chasers are correspondingly 
numbered. Collet is bored to correct diameter to 
act as a guide and thus insures true alignment. /% 





The Holding Ring 

Note the taper adjusting slots for the 
chasers. Threaded for pulling screws. 



The Chasers 

Set in the holding ring to provide the correct reliefer 
clearance. Easily sharpened on the cutting face. 

PRATT & WHITNEY COMPANY 
OF CANADA, LIMITED 




Works: Dundas, Ontario 



MONTREAL 

723 Drummond Bldg. 



WALKERVILLE 

103J3 Sandwich St. 

VANCOUVER 

B. C. Equipment Co. 




HALIFAX 

Roy Building 

WINNIPEG 

1205 v McArthur Bldg. 



The Collet 

Market slots for chasers. Clearance 
holes for chips. Center hole bored ito 
correct diameter for true alignment. 
Slot for locking in thediestock. Counter- 
bored for pulling screws, threaded foi 
pushing screws and tapped on an tngls 
for chaser locking screws. 



Die Stock Sets 

In order to provide a complete set of threading and 
tapping tools, various combinations of P. & W. 
Dies and Taps with their respective holders are 
put up in boxes. 

Sets are made up in United States Standard, S. A. 
E. Standard, and Whitworth Standard threads. 
They are unequalled for fast, accurate threading 
of all metals. 



Men of influence consult Journal advertising. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 




MERCHANT BARS 

STRUCTURAL c i£EL SHAPES 




THE BRITISH EMPIRE STEEL 
CORPORATION LIMITED 
is the only organization of its kind 'in 
the Dominion u? ; n» all-Canadian raw 
materials, which provides employment 
for all-Canadian labor. 

We mine our own ore 

We mine our own coal 

We produce our own steel 

We cut our own timber 

We operate our own railways 

We operate our own steamships 

The British Empire Steel Corporation 
Limited is a vact, wholly self-contained 
organization. Every requirement of its 
own tremendous operations is supplied 
in whole by the Corporation itself — 

From ore to finished product 
All within the Empire 

Ore Mines — Wabana, Newfoundland 
Coal Mines— CapeBreton , Pictou end Cumberland 

Counties, Nova Scotia 
Steel Works — Sydney, Sydney Mines and New 

Glasgow, Nova Scotia 

Coal Depots — Sydney, Ncrth Sydney, Louisburg 

and Halifax, Nova Scctia; St. Jchn, New 

Brunswick; Montreal, Three Rivers 

and Quebec, Quebec 



LIGHT SAILS 





!Fir 



BRITISH EMPIRE STEEL 



CORPORATION LIMITED 

CANADA CEMENT BUILDING MONTREAL , CANADA 



Write for the advertisers' literature mentioning The Journal. 



SHH 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



TYPE H STANDS FOR 

DURABILITY 



Durability ts an out itandtnx featu 
Type "H", Form "A" Trunsfi. 






**5i 



_EE5 



PAGE FROM BULLETIN ASD 4005 



THIS is an untouched photograph 
of a Type H Transformer which 
fell 22 feet upon a concrete pavement 
without electrical injury. A striking 
example of durability! 

May we send you a copy of Bul- 
letin No. ASD1005, which explains 
the essential features that should 
be insisted upon when ordering 
transformers ? 

Fill in the attached coupon, and 
Branch Office. 



*$mm&' 






mail to our nearest 



"Made in Canada by" 



/ 





' ■_ J 






^^^^ ■ "^?U'- 


<&». 






RtJGGED 


tew* ji 






CoNSTItTJCTION 


*Q£!* 






The coils are 


>% 






wound on a 








central core and 








rigidly braced by 








four legs, so that 








they cannot be- 








come displaced 




bBk 




by rough hand- 




1 ' I 

i 




ling or during 




Mi ( 




short -circuit . 




Hi' : 1 




Substantial core 




m. i ! 




clamps, firmly se- 








cured with straps 








and bolts. further 








strengt hen the 








core and coils. 


%sjM 






and preserve 








rigidity. 










Core and ( 


„]jmr 



* *? 



£ 



~* 



Canadian General Electric Co.,Limited 



HEAD OFFICE 




TORONTO 



Branch Offices: Halifax, Sydney, St. John, Montreal, Quebec, Cobalt, Ottawa, Hamilton, London, Windsor, 
South Porcupine, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, Nelson and Victoria. 



When purchasing equipment consider The Journal advertiser. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February. 1925 





YEARAGE 

Yearage is the one factor that determines the final 
economy of your insulator selection. 

You cannot measure yearage in advance but you can 
get a good idea of what to expect from a study of past 
performance. 

The insulators that have established enviable service 
records are made under correct principles and can be 
depended upon to repeat. 

O-B Insulators have such a record. 

Dominion Insulator & Manufacturing Co,,, 

Niagara Falls, - Ontario. 



LIMITED. 



{Manufacturing Ohio Brass Products in Canada.) 



k/»(3 




TIME IS THE TEST 



Every advertisement is a message to you. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 





Lock Joint Pipe 

STRONG, ECONOMICAL, EASILY HANDLED 

Used for York Township Trunk Line Sewers 

The York Township Sewerage system— now in course of 
construction — is another demonstration of the unequalled 
advantages gained by the use of Lock Joint Pipe for large 
sewer work. 

Every engineer knows the advantages of having specialists 
do his concrete work for him and of having a company 
with a reputation for good work and one who is anxious to 
sustain it. 

For quotation and complete information write 
JNO. E. RUSSELL COMPANY, LIMITED 

SALES AGENTS 
REFORD BUILDING - - TORONTO 



i\ 



Every advertiser is worthy of your support. 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



DOMINION SERVICE FOR DOMINION USERS 




Would You Throw Away 
a Good Watch Just Be- 
cause It Needed Repairs? 



THAT is not any more ridiculous than scrapping a cog wheel 
because of broken cogs — or an oven door that has cracked — 
or a cylinder block with a split in it. 

When your watch needs repairs you take it to a competent watch 
repairer — you would fix it yourself if you had the skill. 
When a piece of machinery breaks in your plant it need not be 
scrapped — -nine times out of ten it can be made as good as new by 
the oxy-acetylene process of welding and cutting. 
Dominion Service will show you how this can be done. Dominion 
Service will supply the apparatus and the Dominion Oxygen and 
Prest-O-Lite Dissolved Acetylene required. Dominion Service 
stands between you and waste, lost time and increasing invest- 
ment in replacing machinery. 



Operating the Welding and Cutting 
Gas Division of 

Prest-O-Light Company of Canada, 
Limited. 



h 



OXYGEN 



To \now more about Dominion 

Service, just telephone or 

write us. 

AD. 2. 



DOMINION OXVCEN COMPANY LIMITED. 



General Offices: 
80 Adelaide St. East, TORONTO 






Distribution Points: Hamilton, Merritton, 
Montreal, Quebec, Shawinigan Falls, 
Toronto, Welland, Windsor, Winnipeg. 



Advertisements have an educational value. Read them carefully. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



NOW MADE IN CANADA 



This laminated construc- 
tion makes Asbesto- 
Sponge Felted Insulation 
the most efficient and 
most durable pipe insula- 
tion on the market. 




Asbesto-Sponge Felted Insulation 
Most efficient and strongest 

JOHNS-Manville Asbesto-Sponge Felted Insula- 
tion is now being manufactured in the newjohns- 
Manville Canadian factory from Canadian asbestos. 

For efficiency and strength this insulation is unsur- 
passed. And it's all in the laminations. The number- 
less dead air cells in the layers and between the 
layers cut down your power losses. 

But you want more than efficiency. You want 
strength to keep efficiency on the job. Here the dur- 
able construction of Asbesto-Sponge meets your re- 
quirement. It makes Asbesto-Sponge so tough and 
flexible that "you can hit it with a hammer." 

CANADIAN JOHNS-MANVILLE CO. LIMITED 

Toronto Montreal Winnipeg Vancouver Ottawa 

Johns-Manville 

Power Plant Materials 

Journal advertisers are discriminating advertisers. 



Frequent tests have repeat- 
edly proved Asbesto- 
Sponge Felled Insulation 
more efficien I that any other 
commercial insulation. 




Asbesto-Sponge is so dis- 
able that you "tan lit it 
With a hammer" — which 
means long life in seivice. 




10 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Alternating - Current Generators 

Capacities 50 to 3000 kv-a. 



These generators are 
applicable to all prime 
movers, being suitable for 
direct connection to steam, 
gas or oil engines, or slow- 
speed horizontal water- 
wheels. 



Westing house 
Type E Generators 
are highly efficient 
at all loads. 

They are sturdy 
in construction and 
built for many years 
of service, and are 
economical to operate 
and maintain. 




Type E Alternating-Current Generator. 



Canadian Westinghouse Company, Limited 

Hamilton, Ontario 



TORONTO, Bank of Hamilton Bldg. 
HALIFAX, 105 Mollis Street 
CALGARY, 320 Eighth Ave. West 



MONTREAL-512 William Street 
WINNIPEG— 158 Portage Ave. East 



MONTREAL, 285 Beaver HaU Hill 
FORT WILLIAM, Cuthbertson Block 
VANCOUVER, Bk. of Nova Scotia Bldg. 
LONDON, Dominion Saving Bank Bldg. 

Repair Shops: 

VANCOUVER— 1090 Mainland St. 



OTTAWA. Ahearn & Soper, Ltd. 
WINNIPEG, 158 Portage Ave. E. 
EDMONTON, 211 McLeod Bldg. 



TORONTO— 366 Adelaide St. West 
CALGARY-320 Eighth Ave. West 




Westinghouse 

Advertisers appreciate the engineer's purchasing power. 



February, 1925 



THE E N^G INEERING JOURNAL 



11 




The buildings shown above are but a few of the many 
equipped throughout with Genuine 

JENKINS MADE-IN-CANADA VALVES 

Men who make their purchases from the standpoint of quality, durability and 
dependability, specify Genuine Jenkins valves because they have no equal. 

Jenkins valves are made in a variety of types JENKINS BROS., LIMITED 
for different services — water, steam, gas, air, Head office and works: 103 st.Remi;st.. Montreal. 
etc. and range in size from 1/8" to 24". SalM 0fflce8: Toronto. Vancouver. 



Write for a copy of Catalogue No. 9 which gives full details. 



European Branch: LONDON W.C. 2. Eng. 
Factories: 

MONTREAL, BRIDGEPORT, ELIZABETH. 




Always marked with the "Diamond" 

enMisValves 

f SINCE 1864 



Mention of The Journal to advertisers advances your interests. 



12 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 




Lakefield Bridge, Otonabee River, Ontario. 



Lakefield Builds a Concrete Bridge 

The town of Lakefield has every reason to be proud of the artistic 
concrete bridge recently opened over the Otonabee River. It is a 
permanent bridge and one that will meet the growing demands of 
modern traffic for many years to come, without costly repairs or 
upkeep. One unusual feature of the Lakefield Bridge is that it is built 
on a grade, the west end being considerably higher than the east end. 

This is an exceptionally fine year to further your improvement 
programme. The cost of cement is down and Federal statistics 
show that building costs generally are lower than at any time since 
1914. Many enterprises, public and private, are taking advantage of 
this situation by building with concrete. 



Specify 

CANADA CEMENT 

Uniformly Reliable. 



CANADA CEMENT 

CONCRETE 

rOW PCRMANCNCt 



We maintain a Service Department 
to co-operate in all lines of work for 
which Concrete is adapted. Our lib- 
rary is comprehensible and is at your 
disposal at all times without charge. 



CANADA CEMENT COMPANY Limited 

Canada Cement Company Building 
Phillips Square Montreal 

SALES OFFICES AT: 

TORONTO WINNIPEG CALGARY 



MONTREAL 

START YOUR IMPROVEMENTS NOW. 



BUILD WITH CONCRETE AND SAVE MONEY. 



Make Journal advertising one hundred per cent efficient. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



13 



IP Morris & Pel ton 




Hydraulic T 


u 


rt 


)ines 


Since 1921 62 units having a total 


rated capacity 




of 739,956 H.P. have been built 


or are under 




construction for Canadian Installation 






By Dominion Engineering Works, Ltd. 




Purchaser 
Laurentide Co., Limited, Grand Mere, Que. 


No. of 
Units 

2 


Unit Cap. 
H.P. 

20,000 


Total Cap. 
H.P. 

40,000 


Date of 
Completion 

1921 


Spanish River Pulp & Paper Co. Ltd., (Smoky Falls Dev.) 
Sault Ste. Marie. 


2 


2,600 


5,200 


1922 


Shawinigan Water & Power Co. Ltd., Shawinigan Falls, Que. 


1 


41,000 


41,000 


1922 


International Nickel Co., of Can. Turbine, Ont. 


1 


3,550 


3,550 


1921 


Manitoba Power Co. Ltd., Great Fall3 Plant, Lac du Bonnet. 


2 


28,000 


56,000 


1922 


Lower Sturgeon Falls Co., Ltd., Timmins, Ont. 


2 


4,000 


8,000 


1922 


Maine & N.B. Electric Power Co. Ltd., Arrostock Falls, N.B. 


2 


2,000 


4,000 


1923 


Dryden Paper Co., Ltd., Dryden, Ont. 


1 


1,400 


1,400 


1922 


Spruce Falls Company, Limited, Kapukasing, Ont. 


1 


2,500 


2,500 


1923 


East Kootenay Power Co. Ltd., Elko, B. C. 


2 


7,500 


15,000 


1923 


Northern Ont. Light & Power Co. Ltd., Matabitchouan Plant, 
Cobalt, Ont. 


4 


3,300 


13,200 


1923 


*Granby Cons. Mining, Smelting & Power Co.. Ltd., Anyox, B.C. 


1 


5,000 


5,000 


1923 


Montreal Light, Heat & Power Cons., Cedars, Que. 


6 


11,300 


67,800 


1921-23-24 


Montreal Light, Heat & Power Cons., Cedars Plant, St. Lawrence 
River. 


1 


1,500 


1,500 


1921 


Montreal Light, Heat & Power Cons., Cedars, Que. 


2 


1,500 


3,000 


1923-24 


Price Bros. & Co., Ltd., Chicoutimi, Que. 


1 


11,000 


11,000 


1923 


Rolland Paper Company, Limited, St. Jerome, Que. 


1 


700 


700 


1923 


Howard Smith Paper Mills, Ltd., Cornwall, Ont. 


2 


333 


666 


Under 
Construction 


St. Maurice Power Co., Ltd., La Gabelle, Que. 


4 


30,000 


120,000 


1924 


Northern Canada Power Co., Ltd., Timmins, Ont., Quinze 
River Devel. 


2 


10,000 


20,000 


1924 


Hollinger Consolidated Gold Mines, Timmins, Ont., Island 
Portage Devel. 


2 


12,000 


24,000 


1924 


**Gilley Bros., Limited, New Westminster, B. C. 


1 


400 


400 


1924 


Southern Canada Power Co., Ltd., Montreal, Que., Hemmings 
Falls Plant. 


6 


5,600 


33,600 


Under 
Construction 


Northern Aluminum Co., Ltd., Shawinigan Falls, Que. 


6 


3,000 


18,000 


Under 
Construction 


Hydro Elec. Power Comm. of Ont., Niagara Devel. Queenston.Ont. 


4 


58,000 


232,000 


1923-24 & 

Under 
Construction 


Southern Canada Power Co., Ltd., Drummondville Development. 


2 


6,000 


12,000 


Under 
Construction 


*Canadian Pacific Railway Co., Lake Louise Plant. 

Total 


1 

62 


440 


440 


Under 
Construction 


739,956 


Note: — * denotes Pelton design Reaction Type 
** " " " Impulse Type 



LT) ominionEngineeringWokks 



L I IVf I TED 



MONTREAL 



CANADA 



Associated Companies 
THE WILLIAM CRAMP & SONS SHIP AND ENGINE BUILDING CO., PHILADELPHIA. 
THE PELTON WATER WHEEL COMPANY, SAN FRANCISCO and NEW YORK. 
SOCIEDADE ANONYMA HILPERT, RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZILIAN LICENSEES. 



Valuable suggestions appear in the advertising pages. 



14 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



STOKERS FOR 



>#*r^* 


2**^fef A 


UP' 


• 


H ■'' 




■ 




Self Contained Type "C" 



Coxe Travelling Grate 

(^ front view) 





(glj 







Coxe Travelling Grate (side view) 



Type "E" 

(Phantom view showing the fire) 




Type "E" (rear view) 



Let us give you detailed information. 






^Mnm JMmm 



VANCOUVER 



MONTREAL - WINNIPEG 



Mentioning The Journal gives you additional consideration. 



February, 1925 THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 15 



EVERY PURPOSE 



When you have a combustion engineering 
problem, consult those who have the 
widest experience and best facilities for 
giving complete service. 



Our Service includes 



STOKERS OF ALL KINDS 

FREDERICK SELF-CONTAINED 
TYPE E. TYPE K. 

TYPE C. COXE 



Whether your power demands are great or 
small, whether your coal supply is good or 
bad, whether your boilers are working at 
normal capacity or are constantly overloaded 
— you will find amongst our complete range 
a Stoker that will come up to your highest 
expectations of economy and continuous 
service. 




TORONTO - LONDON (Eng.) - NEW YORK 



Buy your equipment from Journal advertisers. 



16 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 




Illustrating 
Zoelly 2,000 kw. 

Geared 

Steam Turbine 

Operating at 

6,000 r.p.m. 

reduced through 

Gears to 3,600 r.p.m. 

for 
Generator Shaft. 



Illustration of a 

Francis Enclosed 

Type Horizontal 

Water Turbine 

Assembled in 

Zurich Shops. 

This Cut 

Represents one 

of Many Types 

Manufactured 

by Escher Wyss. 





CANADIAN REPRESENTATIVES 



Steam 
Consumption 

In Pounds 

Per Hour Per 

Horse Power. 

Full Load 9.72* 

Three Quarters 

Load 9.92* 



The Products 

of these Shops 

are recognized 

throughout 

the Engineering 

Field for the 

High Quality of 

Workmanship 

and for the 

Reliability 

in Service. 



The General Supply Co. of Canada, Limited 

OTTAWA 



MONTREAL, 



TORONTO, 



MONCTON, 



NORTH BAY. 



Remember The Journal when buying apparatus. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



17 



THE HAMILTON BRIDGE WORKS COMPANY Limited 



Head Office and works 



Hamilton, Canada 



BRANCH OFFICE: 

410 General Assurance Bldg. 

Bay and Temperance Sts. 

TORONTO. 



Engineers, Manufacturers and Erectors 



—OF EVERY CLASS OF— 



STRUCTURAL STEEL AND BRIDGE WORK 

OFFICE AND MILL BUILDINGS, HIGHWAY AND RAILWAY BRIDGES 

MINE BUILDINGS AND HEADFRAMES. 




We carry a large stock of Structural Shapes and plates and your require- 
ments can be immediately filled. Our large shops, with a capacity of 
36,000 tons annually, enable us to turn out whatever you require, 
from the largest building to a few beams, in a surprisingly short time. 
Orders for plain material which has only to be cut to length can be 
shipped within twenty-four hours. 



The advertiser is ready to give full information. 



18 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 




"Lancashire" 200 K.W. 240 Volt D.C. Generator at the Robert Simpson Co. 

"V\^HEN purchasing a generator set, whether driven by a steam engine, steam turbine, gas engine, or crude oil 
engine, don't just state "and suitable directxoupled generator," — 

SPECIFY "LANCASHIRE" 

I" ANCASHIRE equipment is being installed in many of the most up-to-date stations because of the reputation 
it has earned, its reliability, constant service and high efficiency. By specifying "Lancashire" you are going 
to assure yourself of utmost satisfaction. 

INSTALL "LANCASHIRE" 

VV^HAT is the installation you have on mind at present ? We have an expert technical staff who will be pleased 
" to go into your complete requirements in detail, and advise you as to the most economical equipment to 
install. We shall be pleased to send you complete details on our various classes of equipment. 

Write to-day to the 

LANCASHIRE DYNAMO & MOTOR CO. 

of Canada, Ltd. 



HEAD OFFICE: 

XorOlltO, 45 Niagara Street. 

BRANCH OFFICE: 

Montreal, 275 Craig. Street West. 



AGENTS: 

Vonr«Aiivor SMITH ROBINSON & Co. LTD. 
T dllLUUV CI, 1059 Hamilton Street 

Vi^f/^rio Smith Robinson & Co. Ltd. 

T ILlUlia, 925 Douglas Street 

Winnipeg, 



MUMFORD MEDLAND LTD. 
103 Princess Street 



When buying consult first Journal advertisers. 



t (truary. 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



19 



Do you know 

about these features of the 

New Taylor Stoker ? 



The 



Jaylor 

STOKER 



the Simplest, 

most Efficient, 
most Economic 
System of Combustion 



The fuel distributing system that makes it possible 
to meet the burning characteristics of any coal 
by providing a means for varying the feed in 
all parts of the retort. 

The system of air supply that requires no regul- 
ation by the operator. 

The design of the tuyeres that minimizes the pres- 
sure at which the air must be supplied. 

The self-cleaning action of the fuel bed. 

The drive that is made up entirely of spur gears 
giving two speeds and a neutral point without 
gear shifting. 

The self-supporting construction that makes the 
stoker independent of the boiler steel work and 
the effects of the heat. 

The labor and material saving design of parts inside 
the furnace by which upkeep is reduced to a 
negligible quantity. 

The flexibility of construction that makes it pos- 
sible to build the Taylor to any width and 
depth which boiler design and plant require- 
ments make desirable. 



Every power plant executive and engineer 
should know about these features and how they 
make the New Taylor Stoker the simplest, most 
efficient and most economic system of combustion. 
They are all covered in the new Taylor Stoker 
Catalog- The coupon brings you a copy. 
MAIL IT NOW 



/> 



/ 



/ 



# 



Taylor Stoker Co., Ltd., 

Toronto, Ontario. 



/ 



Principal Sales Office : 

416 Phillips Place, 

MONTREAL, QUE. 



's&g 



/ V 

/A* 



/ 



/ 



P V J?' 



/ ,^y 



/,o 



* fjju 






.«* 



/A 



/ 



/ 4> 
'Or y 



$ 



as 



.« 






ff' ** a? J* 



/ 



*4f 



^> 



/A x &4 






$' &' 

f x/ 



c< $ 



Men of influence consult Journal advertising. 



20 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 




SMITH 
MIXERS 

The QUALITY MACHINES 

Capacities from 

2Yi Feet to 4 Yards 



We are specialists in Equipment for Handling Materials 

Send us your inquiries 



Union Pile Hammer 

DRIVES and PULLS 

Double Acting Rapid Stroke 
for Steam or Air 




Bucyrus Shovels and Draglines — 

Western Cars — Graders — Scrapers — 

Vulcan Locomotives — 

MUSSENS LIMITED 



MONTREAL 
TORONTO 



WINNIPEG 

VANCOUVER 



Firms advertising in The Journal are considered as absolutely reputable. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



21 






Private Automatic Exchange 




TYPE 4 P-A-X 

This equipment consists of the automatic switching 
apparatus and a power panel, both of which are 
mounted together in a steel and glass cabinet. 
The equipment when installed measures approx- 
imately 80 inches long, 26 inches wide and 90 
inches high. Power is furnished to the switches 
by means of a 48 volt storage battery. 



Manufactured in Canada by 




HorfftMt Electric Company 

limited / ' 

MONTREAL TORONTO WINDSOR CALGARY 
HALIFAX HAMILTON WINNIPEG EDMONTON 

QUEBEC LONDON REGINA VANCOUVER 

''MkersQftJieNdtiomT(?JepIiojies n 



MXNUFACTUIMG 

Manual Telephones 
AutomaticTekphones 
"Wires 4. Cables 
Fire Alarm Systems 
Padio Sendin^and- 
receivin$E<nupinent 

PISTBIBUTING 

Construction Material 
Illuminating Material 
Votfer Apparatus 
Household Applianajs 
Electrical Supplied 
JrWet & lijbt Hanta 
Marine Rttinss 
K3 



Don't fail to mention The Journal when writing advertisers. 



22 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 




• ////////M/////WWAV/////W ////W/////M \ 



HAMILTON 



THE 

f STEEL \ 
COMPANY^ 

V CANADA^ 

LIMITED * 



OLTS 

*4TCJTS 

all Materials used in making Bolts 
and Nuts in our Various Plants is 
of a Special Quality, Finished Bolts 
and Nuts are inspected 
before Shipping. 



We Guarantee the Quality 
Accuracy and Fit. 

MONTREAL 



Consider the advertiser, his course is that of wisdom. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



23 







With a Thief, Fire and Storm- 
proof fence. It will pay for 
itself by saving your material. 
Keep out Time-Killers, Van- 
dals, Pedlars, Bums, Organizers 
and all other undesirables and 
last a long lifetime. Write for 
free folder. 



Frost Steel and Wire 

Company, Limited. 

HAMILTON - ■ ONTARIO 



Journal advertisers are worthy of your business consideration. 



24 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



"^sT 






^r 



MANUFACTURERS OF 
THE MOST MODERN 



PULP and PAPER MILL 

= MACHINERY = 

HYDRAULIC TURBINES 

HEADGATE HOISTS 

STEEL PLATE WORK 

GEARS and TRANSMISSION 

EQUIPMENT 



Now prepared to furnish the following 
Equipment for Pulp and Paper Mills: 



Log Haul Ups 
Pulpwood Slashers 
Pulpwood Conveyors 
Pulpwood Stackers 
Barking Drums 
Pulpwood Grinders 
Chippers 
Chip Screens 
Chip Crushers 
Wood Splitters 
Bark Presses 
Steam Dryer Rolls 



Jordan Engines 
Beating Engines 
Wet Machines 
Centrifugal Pulp Screens 
(Horizontal and Vertical) 

Stuff Pumps 
(Single, Duplex and Triplex) 

Agitator Drives 
Transmission Machinery 
Steel Tanks 
Steel Plate Work 
Refuse Burners 



56" Type F Turbine, Centre Discharge 

PETERBOROUGH. 




Stuff Pumps, Simplex, Duplex and Triplex. 




Send us your enquiries for 

anything in the above 

lines. 

The benefit of our 30 years 
experience in supplying 
equipment to the Pulp and 
Paper Industry and also for 
power development is at your 
disposal. 



ONTARIO 



—AGENTS 



J. L. Neilson and Co., Winnipeg, Man. 



E. G. Blackwell, 65 Davis Chambers, Vancouver, B.C. 



Consult the advertiser, his information is valuable. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



25 



TRANSFORMER 

INSULATION 



One of our standard 2200 
volt, 10 KVA, pole type 
transformers recently 
shipped from stock, was 
subsequently tested to 
destruction by an out- 
side Company. 



It failed at 29,000 volts. 



But even at 29,000 volts 
on a 2,200 volt lighting 
transformer, it didn't 
fail between primary 
and secondary. 



If you can buy better 
transformers, by all 
means, buy them. 




7e have made vary oonplote tests on the transformer 
you sent U3 , finally breaking it down by applying 29, 000 volts 
to the high tension winding with the low tension winding grounded. 
It failed at this voltage by puncturing from the top of the high 
tension coll through the Fuller Board barrier to the top yoke. 
This is a very satisfactory result. 

Vo have now cut a soot ion out of one of the coils by 




FERRANTI METER & TRANSFORMER MFG. CO. LIMITED 

26 Noble St., TORONTO, 1070 Bleury St., MONTREAL, 614 Standard Bank Bldg., VANCOUVER, 145 Market St., WINNIPEG 
Northwestern Engineering & Supply Co., CALGARY Northern Ontario, J. P. Bartleman, TIMMINS 



Journal advertisements are a business call at your office. 



26 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 





RECO PRODUCTS 

A NEW NAME 

for an OLD BUSINESS 



RECO 

PRODUCTS 



Through many years of contact with 
Canadian power plants the service and 
equipment of the Underfeed Stoker Co. 
of Canada, Ltd. has become well known 
throughout the Dominion. 

To increase the scope of this service the 
Riley Engineering Co. of Canada, Ltd. was 
organized two years ago as a division of 
the Underfeed Stoker Co. of Canada, Ltd. 
so that there would be available to Can- 
adian power plants the experience and 
assistance of some of the foremost engin- 
eering organizations of the continent. 

Now, a new name is to be given to the two 
companies. In the future the combined 
companies will be known as the 

RILEY ENGINEERING AND SUPPLY CO. LTD. 

This change is wholly a matter of con- 
venience in transacting the rapidly 
growing business of the company, there 
being no change in management or policy. 

We shall be glad to consult and co-operate 
with you in the solution of your power 
plant problems. Let us prove how "Reco 
Service" can help you. 



RILEY ENGINEERING AND SUPPLY CO. LTD. 

A consolidation of the Underfeed Stoker Co. of Canada, 
Ltd. and the Riley Engineering Co. of Canada, Ltd. 

146 King St., West, Toronto. 
Quebec and Maritime Provinces:— 3 St. Nicholas St., Montreal. 



Alberta and Western Saskatchewan: 
J. Twomey, Camrose, Alberta 



Western Representatives: 
British Columbia: 
P. A. Goepel, Vancouver 



Manitoba and Eastern Saskatchewan: 
W. W. Hicks & Co., Winnipeg 




Members are urged to consult The Journals advertising pages. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



27 




400 H. P. Link-Belt Silent Chain Drive (upper section of casing removed) operating Wire Drawing Blocks. 
Insert, same drive with casing closed. 

Do You Carry Performance Insurance? 



EMPLOYING the Link-Belt Silent 
Chain Drive is like holding a policy 
that assures you, among other things, 
excellent performance, maximum power 
transmission, and low maintenance cost. 

Consider these definite features which are 
responsible for the success of Link-Belt 
Silent Chain. It cannot slip. It transmits 
practically all the power of the motor or 
engine. It runs slack and therefore elim- 
inates the strain on bearings and shafts. 
It is unaffected by atmospheric conditions. 



It is compact and operates equally well 
on long or short centers. It runs quietly. 
It is flexible as a belt — positive as a gear 
— and more efficient than either. 

Link-Belt Silent Chain Drives are avail- 
able complete, ready to install, in sizes 
ranging from \i h. p. to 1000 h. p. or more. 
We guarantee the performance of each. 

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28 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



Februaiy, 1925 





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February, 192a 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



43 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 

THE JOURNAL OF 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE 

OF CANADA 




FEBRUARY, 1925 



CONTENTS 



Volume VIII, No. 2 



REPORT OF COUNCIL FOR 1924 
COUNCIL COMMITTEES:— 

Library and House 47 

Legislation and By-laws 47 

Board of Examiners and Education . . . 47 

Finance 48 

Code of Ethics 50 

Students' Activities 50 

Nominating Committee for 1925 50 

Gzowski Medal 50 



Leonard Medal 
Plummer Medal 
BRANCH REPORTS:— 

Border Cities ... 57 

Calgary 57 

Cape Breton ... 58 

Edmonton 59 

Halifax 59 

Hamilton 60 



50 
50 



Students' Prizes 

Honour Roll and War Trophies 

Committee on International Co-operation 
Committee on Apprenticeship and Training of 

Engineers 

Fuel 

Committee on Deterioration of Concrete in 

Alkali Soils 

Canadian Engineering Standards 



Niagara Peninsula 65 

Ottawa 65 

Peterborough . . . . 68 

Quebec 68 

Saguenay 69 

Saskatchewan . 70 



Kingston 61 

Lakehead . . 61 

Lethbndge . 62 

London .62 

Moncton . 63 

Montreal 63 

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION UNDER WINTER CONDITIONS, C. D. Harrington 
POURING CONCRETE IN ZERO WEATHER, C. N. Shanly, M.E.I. C 

ADDRESS BY PRESIDENT SURVEYER 

EDITORIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS:— 

The Headquarters Organization 

The Annual and Professional Meeting 

Award of Institute Prizes 

THE THIRTY-NINTH ANNUAL MEETING 

ANNUAL MEETING REGISTRATION 

PERSONALS 

ELECTIONS AND TRANSFERS 

EMPLOYMENT BUREAU 

ANNOUNCEMENT OF MEETINGS 

ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS READ BEFORE THE BRANCHES 

BRANCH NEWS 

PRELIMINARY NOTICE 
ENGINEERING INDEX 



Sault Ste. Marie 

St. John 

Toronto 

Vancouver 

Victoria 

Winnipeg 



.(13) 



45 

50 
51 
51 

51 

52 



54 



71 
71 

72 
72 
74 
75 
76 
78 
81 

82 
82 
82 
83 
86 
88 
91 
92 
92 
93 
95 
101 
103 



Published by 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CANADA 



176 Mansfield St., Montreal 



BRANCHES: 



Halifax Branch, Halifax, N.S. 
Cape Breton Branch, Sydney, Cape Breton. 
Moncton Branch, Moncton, N.B. 
St. John Branch, St. John, N.B. 
Saguenay Branch, Chicoutimi West, Que. 
Quebec Branch, Quebec, Que. 
Montreal Branch, Montreal, Que. 
Ottawa Branch, Ottawa, Ont. 
Kingston Branch, Kingston, Ont. 
Peterborough Branch, Peterborough, Ont. 
Toronto Branch, Toronto, Ont. 
Hamilton Branch, Hamilton, Ont. 



Niagara Peninsula Branch, Niagara Falls, Ont 
London Branch, London, Ont. 
Border Cities Branch, Windsor, Ont. 
Sault Ste. Marie Branch, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont 
Lakehead Branch, Port Arthur, Ont. 
Winnipeg Branch, Winnipeg, Man. 
Saskatchewan Branch, Regina, Sask. 
Lethbridge Branch, Lethbridge, Alta 
Edmonton Branch, Edmonton, Alta. 
Calgary Branch, Calgary, Alta. 
Vancouver Branch, Vancouver, B.C 
Victoria Branch, Victoria, B.C. 



44 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Members of Council for 1925 



•F. A. BOWMAN, Halifax, N.S. 

tA. S. DAWSON, 

R. A. ROSS, Montreal, Que. 



•W. H. BALTZELL, OJIbway, Ont. 

•R N. BLACKBURN, Regina, Sask. 

♦CHAS. BRAKENRIDGE, Vancouver, B.C. 

•H. A. BRAZIER, London, Ont. 

•FREDERICK B. BROWN, Montreal, Que. 

•K. M. CAMERON, Ottawa, Ont. 

tE. V. CATON, Winnipeg, Man. 

•A. R. CHAMBERS, New Glasgow, N.S. 

•GEO. T. CLARK. Toronto, Ont. 

•R. L. DOBBIN'. Peterborough, Ont. 

•L. C. DUPUIS, Quebec, Que. 

•For 1925 



PRESIDENT 
ARTHUR SURVEYER, Montreal, Que. 

VICE-PRESIDENTS 
»t F - P SHEARWOOD, Montreal, Que. «J. B. CHALLIES, Ottawa. Ont. 

Calgary, Alta. fK. B. THORNTON, Montreal, Que. 

PAST-PRESIDENTS 
J. M. R. FAIRBAIRN, Montreal, Que. JOHN G. SULLIVAN, Winnipeg, Man. 



COUNCILLORS 
•C. P. EDWARDS. Ottawa, Ont. 
tJ. T. FARMER, Montreal, Que. 
♦E. P. FETHERSTONHAUGH, Winnipeg, Man. 
tE. G. HEWSON, Toronto, Ont. 
tJ. H. HUNTER, Montreal, Que. 
♦G. E. LAMOTHE, Chicoutimi, Que. 
•F. S. LAZIER, Thorold, Ont. 
tO O. LEFEBVRE, Montreal, Que. 
*H. M. LEWIS, Port Arthur, Ont. 
•GEO. D. MACDOUGALL, Sydney, N S. 
JGEO. R. MacLEOD, Montreal, Que. 

tFor 1925-26 



•CHAS. M. McKERGOW, Montreal, Que. 

•W. F. McLAREN, Hamilton, Ont. 

♦H. W. MEECH, Lethbrldge, Alta. 

♦G. B. MITCHELL, Victoria, B.C. 

*G. G. MURDOCH, St. John, N.B. 

♦C. S. G. ROGERS, Moncton, N.B. 

•R. W. ROSS, Edmonton, Alta. 

•C. H. E. ROUNTHWAITE, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

*B. L. THORNE. Calgary, Alta. 

}H. K. WICKSTEED, Toronto, Ont. 

•W. P. WILGAR, Kingston, Ont. 

tFor 1925-26-27 



TRFASITRFR 
MAJOR-GEN. SIR ALEX. BERTRAM, Montreal. 



SECRETARY 
FRASER S. KEITH, Montreal. 



HALIFAX 

Chairman, C. H. WRIGHT 

Vice-Chair., W. F. McKNIGHT 

Sec.-Treas., K. L. DAWSON, 

294 Gottingen St., Halifax, N.S. 

Executive, H. W. L. DOANE W. F. McKNIGHT 
K. H. SMITH R. W. McCOLOUGH 
D. W. MUNN J. F. LUMSDEN 

J. G. W. CAMPBELL G. S. STAIRS 
J. M. MILLAR A.R. CHAMBERS 

(Ex-Officlo) F. R. FAULKNER 

F. A. BOWMAN 

CAPE BRETON 
Chairman, S. C. MIFFLEN 
Sec.-Treas. D. W. J. BROWN, 

Bank of Commerce BIdg., Sydney, N.S. 
Executive. W. E. CLARKE 
W. C. RISLEY 
J. R. MORRISON 
GEO. MORRISON 
(Ex-Officlo) GEO. D. MACDOUGALL 

ST. JOHN 

Chairman, G. G. HARE 
Vice-Chair., C. McN. STEEVES 
Sec.-Treas., W. J. JOHNSTON 

Box 1417, St. John, N.B. 
Executive, A. R. CROOKSHANK 

W. R. PEARCE GEOFFREY STEAD 

G. N. HATFIELD F. P. VAUGHAN 



MONCTON 
Chairman, 
Vice-Chair 
Sec.-Treas. 



F. O. CONDON 
C. S. G. ROGERS 
M. J. MURPHY, 
Eng. Dept., C.N.R.. Moncton, N.B. 
Executive. H. J. CRUDGE 

E. G. EVANS 

J. D. McBEATH 

F. B. FRIPP 

G. C. TORRENS 
G. E. SMITH 

(Ex-Offlclo) W. B. MacKENZIE 
C. S. G. ROCERS 



SAGUENAY 
Chairman, 
Vice-Chair. 
Sec.-Treas., 

Executive, 



QUEBEC 
Chairman, 
Vice-Chair., 
Sec.-Treas., 

Executive 

(Ex-Officlo) 

MONTREAL 



W. G. MITCHELL 
H. G. COCHRANE 
H. B. PELLETIER 

Box 181, Chicoutimi, Que. 
H. V. BIGNELL C. N. SHANLY 
E. LAVOIE J. E. A. McCONVILLE 
G. E. LaMOTHE 



A. R. DECARY 

A. B. NORMANDIN 

LOUIS BEAUDRY 

P. O. Box 115, Quebec, Que. 
P. JONCAS S. L. deCARTERET 
T. E. ROUSSEAU H. CIMON 
L. C. DUPUIS 



Chairman, J. L. BUSFIELD 
Vice-Chair., C. J. DESBAILLETS 
Sec.-Treas., E. A. RYAN, 

416 Phillips Place, Montreal 
Executive P. L. PRATLEY 

Jas. ROBERTSON 

F. C. LABERGE 

C. V. CHRISTIE 

P. S. GREGORY 

W. C. ADAMS 
(Ex-Officlo) FREDERICK B. BROWN 

C. M. McKERGOW 

J. M. R. FAIRBAIRN 

GEO. R. MacLEOD 

R. A. ROSS 

F. P. SHEARWOOD 

ARTHUR SURVEYER 

O. O. LEFEBVRE 

K. B. THORNTON 

J. T. FARMER 

J. H. HUNTER 



OFFICERS OF BRANCHES 

OTTAWA 

Chairman, J. L. RANNIE 
Sec.-Treas., F. C. C. LYNCH 
Nat. Resources Intelligence Br., Dept. of the 
Interior, Ottawa, Ont. 
Executive, L. SHERWOOD R. L. PEEK 
L. H. COLE R. .1. DURLEY 

A. G. L. McNAUGHTON 
(Ex-Officlo) K. M. CAMERON O. S. FINNIE 

C. P. EDWARDS J. B. CHALLIES 
PETERBOROUGH 

Hon. Chair. ,R. L. DOBBIN 
Chairman, E. R. SHIRLEY 
Vice-Chair., A. L. KILLALY 
Secretary, PAUL MANNING, 

551 Weller St., Peterborough Ont. 
Treasurer, A. B. GATES 
Executive, R. C. FLITTON W. M. CRUTHERS 

B. L. BARNS D. L. McLAREN 
A. H. MUNRO II. O. FISK 

KINGSTON 

Chairman, L. F. GRANT 
Vice-Chair., R. J. McCLELLAND 
Sec.-Treas., G. J. SMITH, 

266 Albert St., Kingston, Ont. 
Executive, GEO. C. WRIGHT 

J. M. CAMPBELL 

W. P. WILGAR 
(Ex-Officio) T. A. McGINNIS 

A. JACKSON 

W. P. WILGAR 
TORONTO 

Chairman, J. M. OXLEY 
Vice-Chair., N. D. WILSON 
Sec.-Treas.. J. II. CURZON, 
York Township Engr's Office, 40 Jarvis St., 

Toronto, Ont. 
Executive, R. W. ANGUS 

H. K. WICKSTEED 

E. T. J. BRANDON 

P. GILLESPIE 

J. G. R. WAINWRIGHT 

T. LOUDON 
(Ex-Officlo) H. K. WICKSTEED 

GEO. T. CLARK E. G. HEWSON 

C. R. YOUNG 



HAMILTON 
Chairman, 
Vice-Chair. 
Sec.-Treas., 



J. A. KNIGHT 



J. J. MACKAY 
,C. H. MARRS 
II. B. STUART, 
Hamilton Bridge Works, 

Hamilton, Ont. 
Executive, F. P. ADAMS C. J. NICHOLSON 

W. L. McFAUL L. W. GILL 
Members Emeriti, 

J. W. TYRRELL 
W. F. McLAREN 
(Ex-Officlo) W. F. McLAREN 
LONDON 

Chairman, W. C. MILLER 
Vice-Chair., CHAS. TALBOT 
Sec.-Treas., E. A. GRAY 

The Public Utilities Commission, 
London, Ont 
Executive, H. A. BRAZIER J. R ROSTRON 
W. P. NEAR F. A. BELL 

R. ANGUS 
(Ex-Officlo) E. V. BUCHANAN H. A. BRAZIER 
NIAGARA PENINSULA 

Chairman, E. P. JOHNSON 
Vice-Chair., H. L. BUCKE 
Sec.-Treas., R. W. DOWNIE 

Box 1163, Thorold, Ont. 
Executive J. R. BOND 

A. W. L. BUTLER 
J. B. McANDREW 

t. v .McCarthy 

(Ex-Officlo) F. S. LAZIER 
BORDER CITIES 

Chairman, J. CLARK KEITH 
Vice-Chair., A. J. M. BOWMAN 
Sec.-Treas., F. JAS. BRIDGES 

Riverside Drive, Ont. 
Executive L. McGILL ALLAN 

WM. J. FLETCHER 

F. H. KESTER 
(Ex-Officio) W. H. BALTZELL 

J. E. PORTER 



SAULT STE. MARIE 
Chairman, WW. SEYMOUR 
Vice-Chair., C. H. SPEER 
Sec.-Treas.. A. H. RUSSELL 
Engr's Office, City Hall, 

Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 
Executive. A. E. PICKERING 

C V CORLESS 
(Ex-Officio) C. H. E. ROUNTHWAITE 

LAKEHEAD 

Chairman, H. S. HANCOCK 
Vice-Chair., H. M. LEWIS 
Sec.-Treas., GEO. P. BROPHY 

P.O. Box 86, Port Arthur. Ont. 
Executive, GEO. BLANCHARD H. C. O'LEARY 
M. W. JENNINGS M. W. TURNER 
WINNIPEG 

Chairman, D. L. McLEAN 
Sec.-Treas., P. BURKE-GAFFNEY, 

406 Fashion Craft BIdg., Winnipeg, Man. 
Executive, M. A. LYONS J. W. PORTER 
A. A. YOUNG T. H. KIRBY 
Wm. WALKDEN 

SASKATCHEWAN 

Chairman. C. J. MACKENZIE 
Vice-Chair., R. N. BLACKBURN 
Sec.-Treas., J. W. D. FARRELL 

3025 Rae St., Reglna, Sask 
Executive, H. R. MACKENZIE 

S. R. PARKER 

W. R. WARREN 

H. N. MACPHERSON 

J. D. PETERS 

G. M. WILLIAMS 

D. A. R. McCANNEL 
A. C. GARNER 

(Ex-Officlo) R. N. BLACKBURN 

LETHBRIDGE 

Chairman, JOHN DOW 
Sec.-Treas., GEO. S. BROWN 

Box 428, Lethbrldge, Alta. 
Executive, C. M. ARNOLD G. N. HOUSTON 
SAM G. PORTER 
H. P. KEITH J. DOW 

EDMONTON 

Chairman, E. KELLS HALL 
Vice-Chair.. A. G. STEWART 
Sec.-Treas.. W. R. MOUNT 

City Engr's. Dept., Edmonton. Alta. 
Executive, R. J. GIBB 

C. D. MacKINTOSH 

E. STANSFIELD 
C. CORBETT 

(Ex-Offlclo) R. W. ROSS 

CALGARY 
Chairman, 
Vice-Chair. 
Sec.-Treas., 



Executive, 
(Ex-Officlo) 



R. S. TROWSDALE 
A. L. FORD 
G. P. F. BOESE 

Dept. of Natural Resources 
C. P. R. Calgary, Alta. 
W. S. FETHERSTONHAUGH 
J. H. ROSS B. RUSSELL 

P. J. JENNINGS B. L. THORNE 
J. A. SPRECKLEY 



VANCOUVER 
Chairman, W. G. SWAN 
Vice-Chair., J. P. HODGSON 
Sec.-Treas., P. H. BUCHAN 

930 Blrks Building, Vancouver. B.C. 
Executive, W. B. YOUNG T. E. PRICE 

J. A. WALKER 
W. B. GREIG 
L. F. MERRYLEES 
F. W. ALEXANDER 
(Ex-Officlo) GEO. A. WALKEM 

CHAS. BRAKENRIDGE 
VICTORIA 

Chairman, G. B. MITCHELL 
Vice-Chair., J.N. ANDERSON 
Sec.-Treas., E.P. GIRDWOOD 

25 Brown BIdg.. Victoria. B.C. 

Executive, F. C. GREEN R. A. BAINBRIDGE 

E.E.BRYDONE-JACK M.P.BLAIR 

PATRICK PHILIP J.N.ANDERSON 

E. P. GIRDWOOD G.B.MITCHELL 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 

THE JOURNAL OF THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CANADA 

Published monthly at 176 Mansfield Street, Montreal, by The Engineering Institute 
of Canada, incorporated In 1887 as The Canadian Society of Civil F.ngineera. 

Entered at the Post Office, Montreal, As Second Class Matter 



Volume VIII 



Montreal, February 1925 



Number 2 



Report of Council for the Year 1924 



While the year just passed was not one of outstanding 
importance a number of events in connection with The 
Institute's history are recorded which have an important 
bearing upon our future. 

It is with sincere regret that we record the death 
of our President, Walter J. Francis, which occurred on 
the evening of March sixth, the anniversary of the death 
of President St. Laurent. In the death of Mr. Francis 
The Institute was deprived of one of its most loyal, ardent 
and active supporters, and the profession one of the most 
promising of its members. 

As a matter of historic record branch charters were 
prepared, framed, and forwarded to the branches, in 
most cases their presentation having been made. These 
charters are illustrated in the January Journal. 

After considering the matter for some years a Code 
of Ethics was submitted to the members and adopted 
almost unanimously, together with a method of procedure. 
A strong Committee on Professional Conduct has been 
established to report on all cases of alleged unprofessional 
conduct brought to its attention. 

The Committee on War Memorials has been active 
to the end that suitable records might be established in 
honour of the dead, and to record the names of all who 
served in the Great War. It is hoped that the committee 
may complete its work during the coming year. 

The Library and House Committee has rendered 
splendid service towards having the library recatalogued 
and put in shape to be of more universal use to the 
members. 

The Institute was well represented at the World 
Power Conference during the past year, fifteen of our 
members in all being in London at the time. Advantage 
was taken of the occasion to form closer contacts with 
the engineering societies in Great Britain and France. 

The final report of the Fuel Committee was made 
during the year and the recommendations made by the 
committee, as published in The Journal, were approved. 
This committee is deserving of particular mention in view 
of its activities, as is also the Committee on the Deteriora- 



tion of Concrete in Alkali Soils, which is continuing its 
work in a most satisfactory manner. 

Meetings 

The thirty-eighth annual general meeting of The 
Institute was held at headquarters in Montreal on Tuesday, 
January twenty-second, nineteen twenty- four, and after 
the reading of the minutes of the previous annual meeting 
and the appointment of scrutineers to report the result 
of the officers ballot, and auditors for the ensuing year, 
the meeting was adjourned to be reconvened at the 
Chateau Laurier, Ottawa, the following day. 

The business of the adjourned meeting was resumed 
at the morning session in Ottawa, when the report f of 
Council and the various committee and branch reports 
were presented. The announcement of the result of the 
ballot for the election of officers, the installation of the 
newly-elected president, and the reading of messages 
received concluded the business of the meeting which 
was then adjourned. 

Following the adjournment of the annual meeting, 
the general professional meeting, held under the auspices 
of the Ottawa Branch, was opened with a luncheon in 
the Chateau Laurier. At this meeting the following 
papers were presented: — 

"Progress in Aviation," by Sir Sefton Brancker, 
k.c.b., etc. 

"The Fuel Problem,' 1 by Dr. Charles Camsell, 
m.e.i.c. 

"The St. Lawrence Deep Waterways Problem, 1 ' 
by D. W. McLachlan, m.e.i.c. 

In addition to the technical sessions there were the 
following functions: — On Wednesday, January 23rd, the 
annual banquet at the Chateau Laurier, at which the 
newly-elected president presented his address and the 
smoker the same evening, following the banquet. 
On Thursday, January 24th, the morning technical 
session was followed by a luncheon at the Chateau 
Laurier and visits to points of interest in the afternoon, 
the meeting concluding that night with the annual ball 
of the Ottawa Branch at the Chateau Laurier. 



46 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Roll of The Institute 

The election of new members has added two hundred 
and seventy -one names to the roll of The Institute, during 
the year nineteen twenty-four. These are divided into 
the following grades: — Twenty Members; seventy-eight 
Associate Members; twenty -two Juniors; one hundred and 
forty-seven Students; and four Affiliates. 

Transfers from one grade to another in The Institute 
were as follows: — Associate Member to Member, twelve; 
Junior to Associate Member, twenty-four; Student to 
Associate Member, eight; Student to Junior, thirty-three; 
Affiliate to Associate Member, one. 

A summary of these elections and transfers is given 
below. The names of those elected or transferred are 
published each month in The Journal, immediately follow- 
ing election, and are added to the official membership roll 
as acceptances are received. 



Elections 



Members 



January. . . . 
February . . . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September . 
October .... 
November. . 
December . 



Associate 
Members 



21 



Juniors 

4 



Students Affiliates 



1 



16 



15 

2 

16 



22 

11 

30 

3 



9 
10 
28 
26 



January 

February . . . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November . . 
December . . 



20 



A.M. 
to 
M. 



78 22 

Transfers 



Jr 

to 

A.M. 



5 
11 



S 

to 

A.M. 



147 



S 

to 

Jr. 

3 



5 

1 
13 



Aff. 

to 

A.M. 



12 24 8 

Removals from the Roll 



33 



There have been removed from the membership roll 
during the year nineteen twenty-four, by resignation, non- 
payment of dues, and the not-reported soldiers list: — 
fifteen Members, eighty-three Associate Members, fifty- 
three Juniors, one hundred and seven Students, and one 
Affiliate. The removals under the heading of "Not 
Reported Soldiers List", includes the names of those 
members of The Institute who served overseas, but from 
whom no word has been received since the period of their 
service, although information regarding these members 
has been sought from time to time. A detailed list of 
the resignations accepted is as follows: — 



Members 

Grant, Donald Ernest, O.B.E. 
Johnston, Harry Linwood 
Kandall. Geo. P. 
Lambert, Walter 
Moore, Robert H. 
Parsons, J. L. R. 



Associate Members 
Bordessa, B. C. 
Boulet, L. N. 
Chase, Albert V. 
Cooper, Howard Scott 
Cumberford, James 
Cummings, John 



Associate Members 
Devereux, Francis A. 
Garroni, Meliton C. 
Garvie, Robert Andrew 
Goodwin, George 
Greenwood, Jos. H. 
Habben, Lawrence E. 
Kingston, J. S. 
Jennings, Frank P. 
Laflamme, Jos. K. 
Lamarque, Ernest C. W. 
MacDermot, Edward C. 
McCuaig, Peter John 
Paquet, Donat 
Porter, John Henry, Jr. 
Read, Hiram E. 
Ridout, Geo. L. 
Russel, Robert K. 
Sedgwick, Arthur 
Slater, Nicholas J. 
Smith, R. Stephenson 
Sword, Arthur D. 
Villeneuve, Ths. Ls. 
Young, E. J. 

Juniors 
Clary, Arthur Reeser 
Giguire, Eudore 
Greatrex, Wm. K. 
Holmgren, E. L. 
Long, Arthur 
Patterson, Jas. F. 
Stewart, Alan D. 
Sutherland, Archibald Jos. 
Wilcock, Wm. S. 



Students 

Anderson, Robert Beresford 
Baker, Ackland James 
Churchill, T. C. D. 
Cromwell, H. Roy. 
Cunningham, Fred. J. 
Eckert, Fred. Russell 
Elliott, Frank Wallace 
Farncomb, Hugh F. 
Foster, A. R. 
Hayman, Harold G. 
Jordan, John N. 
MacGregor, R. A. 
Moore, Arthur J. 
O'Brien, Frederick Gordon 
Paget, J. Alan 
Perrault, R. B. 
Robitaille, Henri J. 
Rundle, Wilmot L. 
Shapter, Carl 
Steacie, E. W. R. 
Strudley, Donald B. 
Tempest, Wm. F. 
Tennyson, Alfred L. 
Walden, J. G. Loftin 
Willis, I. D. 
Wingfield, Alex. H. 

Affiliate 
Labrie, Charles C. 



Deceased Members 



During the year nineteen twenty-four, the deaths of 
forty of The Institute's members have been reported. 



Honorary Member 
Deville, E., ll.d., d.l.s., f.r.s.c. 

Members 
Anderson, George G. 
Barry, Aug. Burges 
Bowden, William A. 
Caddy, John -St. Vincent 
Carroll, Cyrus 
Crossley, Frederick 
Davidson, William A. 
Desy, Louis A. 
Fitzmaurice, Lt.-Col. 

Sir Maurice 
Francis, Walter J. 
Gronau, William Fred. 
Hay ward, Robert Francis 
Hunter, Robert E. 
Miller, Fred. Fraser 
Mills, Nathaniel Child 
Odell, Charles M. 
Rheaume, Louis N. 
Steckel, L. J. R. 
Way, Wm. C. 
Young, Frank Moses 



Associate Members 
Begg, W. A. 
Bruce, Henry William 
Campbell, William Fred 
Cote, Hon. J. L. 
Dunlop, Thos. T. 
Dry, Reginald D. 
Gray, Edwin Roy 
Greene, N. Hanson 
Henry, Gabriel 

Hodgins, Lt.-Col. F. Owen.D.S.O. 
Lindsay, Jas. Gray 
Riddell, Andrew J. 
Symes, John A. 
Wildridge, Chas. H. 

Juniors 

MacMillan, M. J. 

Affiliates 
Gosselin, Jos., Jr. 
Meriwether, Coleman 
Taylor, Wilson 

Student 
*Dawson, Lieut. John Kenneth 



*Killed in Action, authentic information of which has been 
received during the year. 

Total Membership 

The membership of The Institute at present totals 
five thousand, one hundred and twenty-five, while there 
are one hundred and one applications which have been 
favourably received, the addition of the names of these 
applicants to the roll being delayed pending the receipt 
of their formal acceptance of election. The annual report 
for the year nineteen twenty-three showed two hundred 
and thirty-eight elections, acceptances of which were 
pending. During the year there were removed from this 
number one hundred and twelve applications which had 
lapsed through time. The membership according to 
grades is shown in the accompanying table: — 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



47 



Honorary Members 10 

Members 1,139 

Associate Members 2,451 

Juniors 421 

Stulents 1,061 

Affiliates 43 

5,125 

Elections— acceptances pending 101 

5.226 
Respectfully submitted on behalf of the Council, 

Arthur Surveyer, m.e.i.c, President. 
Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, Secretary. 

Library and House Committee 

The President and Council, 

The year has been an important one in the affairs 
of the Library and House Committee. Acting under the 
authority of Council arrangements were made for 
recataloguing the library under the Dewey decimal 
system, similar to that in vogue in the Engineering 
Societies Library, New York. The Institute is indebted 
to the director of the Engineering Societies Library for 
the fact that we were able to make arrangements to have 
the services of the expert technical cataloguer of the 
library, who spent six weeks on the work and who is to 
return during the coming year in order that it may be 
completed. It has been decided to have the card cata- 
logue in the main office with one of the staff in charge as 
librarian. With the recataloguing and re-arranging of 
the books, and greater staff service, it is hoped that the 
library will be made much more useful to the members. 

We are again indebted to a number of individuals 
and organizations for the presentation of books and 
reports, all of which are acknowledged herewith. 

There was expended on the library during the year, 
one thousand and seventeen dollars and one cent. 

New books added to the library and contributions 
received during the past year, have been listed each 
month in The Engineering Journal and may be found 
on pages 43, 217, 316, 586, 658 and 748 of volume VII. 
These are gratefully acknowledged as are also the follow- 
ing special donations which have been received during 
the year: — 

Presented by the Library of McGill University. 

Miscellaneous duplicate volumes of the following engineering 

publications: — ■ 
Transactions and reports of the Canadian Society of Civil 
Engineers; Transactions of the American Society of Mechan- 
ical Engineers; Professional papers of the Corps of Royal 
Engineers; Proceedings of the Association of Railway Super- 
intendents of Bridges and Buildings; Proceedings of the 
Engineers Club of Philadelphia; Transactions of the Society 
of Engineers; Proceedings of the South Wales Institute of 
Engineers; Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical 
Engineers; Proceedings of the American Waterworks Asso- 
ciation; Transactions of the Liverpool Engineering Society; 
Electrical Review; Engineering Magazine; Engineering News; 
Engineering- Index; Engineering; The Engineer; Electrical 
Engineer. 
Presented by the Estate of the late D. S. Barton, M.E.I.C. 

Transactions of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers 1899-1919 
Reports of Meetings Canadian Society of Civil Engineers 1899-1918 
Journal and List of Members of the Institution of Electrical 

Engineers, 1886 to 1919. 
Publications of the Commission of Conservation; Preliminary 
Report respecting Water Powers by A. V. White; Review of 
Work, 1917, by Sir Clifford Sifton; Electrification of Railways 

— Dodd ; Power Possibilities on the St. Lawrence River 

— A. V. White; The Niagara Power Shortage — A. V. White; 
National Conference on Game and Wild Life Conservation; 
Mine Rescue Work in Canada; Civic Improvement League 
for Canada; Tenth Annual Report, 1919; Rural Planning and 
Development — Adams; First Annual Report, 1910. 

Publications of the Department of Lands and Forests, Quebec. 
Miscellaneous publications of the Department of the Interior, 
Canada. 



Miscellaneous publications of the following departments and 
commissions; Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario; 
Quebec Streams' Commission; Department of Mines Canada; 
Department of the Naval Service Canada; Commission of 
• Highways, Ontario; Department of Colonization, mines and 
fisheries, Quebec; Ontario Bureau of Mines. 
History of the French Revolution and the Subsequent Wars. 
Presented by W. Bell Dawson, M.E.I.C. 

Instructions to Engineers by Sir Sanford Fleming, 1875. 
Presented by L. H. Cole, M.E.I.C. 

Mineral Resources of the United States. 
Presented by A. G. Jeffreys, A. M.E.I.C. 

Dictionary of Applied Physics by Sir Richard Glazebrook. 
Presented by Doctor Alexander Russell, President of the Insti- 
tution of Electrical Engineers. 
Lord Kelvin, His Life and Work. 

A detailed list of publications which are regularly 
placed in the reading room was published in last year's 
report of the Library and House Committee, and appears 
on page fifty-three of the February nineteen twenty-four 
Journal. The year-books and other publications of 
universities and societies have been regularly received, 
as have also those of governmental departments and 
special reports on engineering matters. 

Of particular interest is an old woodcut of the original 
Victoria Bridge at Montreal, which was presented by 
Mr. W. G. A. Hemming. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Arthur Surveyer, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

Legislation and By-laws Committee 

The President and Council, 

Following the recommendations of your committee 
last year the members voted on the suggested changes 
to the by-laws, all of which were carried practically 
unanimously. These related to the term of office of 
vice-presidents and councillors, the establishment of an 
engineering sections committee, consideration of applica- 
tions for admission and transfer, and the detail in handling 
the officers' ballot. 

Plans are under way to give further consideration 
to the question of harmonizing branch by-laws. It is 
realized that branch by-laws cannot be standardized but 
that certain freedom of action must be given. A separate 
committee has been appointed by the Council for this 
purpose whose report will no doubt be submitted to 
next year's Legislation and By-laws Committee. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. A. Duchastel, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

Board of Examiners and Education 
Committee 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Board of Examiners and Education 
I beg to present the following report for the year 1924. 

Examinations were held in May and November. 
The following table gives the number of candidates who 
were examined and also the numbers of those who passed 
and failed. 

Number 
Schedule examined Passed Failed 

B 4 2 2 

C mechanical engineering 1 1 

C electrical engineering 2 2 

C railway engineering 1 10 

C structural engineering 1 1 

Total examinations 9 5 4 

Respectfully submitted, 

H. M. MacKay, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 



48 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Finance Committee 

The President and Council, 

In accordance with a recently established custom 
your committee prepared a budget at the beginning of 
the year which showed a slight surplus on operations 
for the year, and we are again thankful to be able to 
report a favourable balance. 

It might be pointed out that the arrears of fees 
collected was fifteen hundred dollars less than last year 
and about twenty-four hundred dollars less than a year 
ago. Current fees, which were estimated at twenty- 
seven thousand dollars, showed a decrease of one thousand 
dollars on that amount. Last year entrance fees were 
thirty-two hundred and fifteen dollars, being estimated 
for the current year at three thousand dollars, and show 
a total of twenty-six hundred dollars received, thus our 



current revenue has been considerably less than anti- 
cipated. 

It should also be called to the attention of the 
members that current revenue from the dues of members 
is not sufficient to maintain the organization, and that the 
question of increased dues will have to be considered in 
the near future. 

Rebates to branches amounted to over sixty-one 
hundred dollars, and the branches received for branch 
news and commissions the sum of nine hundred and 
twenty-two dollars and twenty-three cents. 

As far as current expenses were concerned the budget 
was adhered to throughout the year, showing that this 
system is one that should be maintained. 
Respectfully submitted, 

F. P. Shearwood, m.e.i. c, Chairman. 
Alex. Bertram, m.e.i. c, Treasurer. 



STATEMENT OF ASSETS 

Assets 
Property : . . . 

Furniture 

Balance'at 1st January 1924 $ 3,644.91 

Additions during year 143.65 

3,788.56 
Less 10% depreciation 378.85 

Library: 

Estimated value of books 4,614.57 

Less 10% depreciation 461.45 

Stationery on hand, as per inventory 

Gold medal 

Investments: 

Canada Permanent Mortgage Corpora- 
tion stock, 20 shares par value 
$10.00 each 215.00 

Montreal Light, Heat & Power Con- 
solidated stock, 6 shares par value 
$100.00 each 120.50 

Accounts Receivable: 

Journal 3,702.61 

Advances to branches 400.00 

Sundry 104.50 

4,207.11 
Less reserved for bad and doubtful 

accounts 500.00 

Journal, copies sold not yet delivered 

Arrears of fees, estimated 

Year Book, prepaid expense for 1925 

Cash: 

Canadian Bank of Commerce, — 

Current account 1,894.58 

Savings accounts 1,978.47 

Petty cash on hand 100.00 

Unexpired Insurance 

Special Funds: 

Investments 19,138.85 

Cash in savings bank accounts 1,104.56 



AND LIABILITIES AS AT 31st, DECEMBER 1924 

Liabilities 

$ 89,041.64 

Mortgage on property: 

Royal Institute for the Advancement 

of Learning $ 20,000.00 

Interest accrued to date 233.33 $ 20,233.33 

Accounts payable: 

3 ' 409 - 71 Sundry 449.03 

Advances to branches 640.93 

l.uoH.yb 

325!39 Special funds 20,243.41 

Student Apprenticeship Prize 25.00 

Surplus account: 

Balance at 1st January 1924 86,071.34 

Add surplus for year 1,915.00 

87,986.34 
335.50 Deduct allowance on 1923 accounts 

receivable 30.00 

rec 87,956.34 



3,707.11' 

1,500.00 

2,500.00 

150.00 



3,973.05 
164.11 



20,243.41 
$129,548.04 



Montreal, 10th January, 1925. 

Verified as per our report of this date. 
(Signed) Riddell, Stead, Graham & Hutchison, C.A. 

Auditors. 



$129,548.04 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



49 



STATEMENT OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE 

Membership fees: Revenue 

Arrears * ^'JSH,' 

Current qnlvi 

Advance ainkk 

Rntranrp 2,610.00 

entrance « 39 91 1 qq 

Interest: ._ * • 5 ^-- 11 -»» 

On overdue fees ^™ 

On Victory bonds 660.00 

On savings bank account 20.bb 

Dividends: ycse.zb 

Canada Permanent Mortgage Corpora- 

tion stock 24.00 

Montreal Light, Heat & Power Com- 

^Revenue 46,276.28 

Rent of hall 660.00 

Certificates 68 32 

Badges iq 99 

Bad debts recovered ii3 -^ 



80,451.67 



FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31st DECEMBER 1924 

Expenditure 
Building expense: 

Interest on mortgage $ 1,400.00 

Taxes 1,494.11 

Water rates 203.70 

Fuel 470.74 

Insurance 147.24 

Light and gas 285.39 

Caretaker — wages and service 1,352.59 

Repairs and expense 769.59 

Office expense: 

Salaries, secretary and office staff 14,599.69 

Office supplies and stationery 1,556.09 

Postage and telegrams 1,849.97 

Auditors' fees 200.00 

Telephone 239.11 

Messengers and express 86.40 

Miscellaneous expense 251.79 

Legal expense 17.80 

Publications: 

Transactions 207.42 

Journal 40,390.78 

General expense: 

Annual and professional meetings 

expense 999.16 

Travelling expense, secretary 1,334.00 

Branch stationery 315.62 

Students' prizes 100.00 

Library expenses and magazines 1,017.01 

10% written off furniture 378.85 

10% written off books 461.45 

Bank exchange and discounts 132.65 

Committee expenses 648.04 

Bad debts written off 692.55 

Examination expense 87.50 

Branch charters 700.55 

Rebates to branches 

Balance — Excess of revenue over expend- 
iture for the year ended 31st, December 
1924 



Montreal, 14th January 1925. 

Verified: 
(Signed) Riddell, Stead, Graham & Hutchison, C.A. 

Auditors. 



$ 6,123.36 



18,800.85 



40,598.20 



6,867.38 
6,146.88 



1,915.00 
$ 80,451.67 



Schedule No. 1 — Special Funds 

Mortgage Fund 

Balance 

Represented by: 
Victory bonds, par value .... $12,000.00 
cost price.... 12,269.51 
Leonard Medal 

Balance at 1st January 1924 $ 527.08 

Paid for medal 26.50 

500.58 

Add Bond interest 27.50 

Bank interest .97 

Represented by: Victory bond. .. $500.00 
Balance in bank. 29.05 



$12,269.51 



Add Bond interest. 
Bank interest . 



77.00 
6.44 



Represented by: Victory bonds. 
Bank balance. . 



$1,400.00 
39.67 



$ 1,439.67 



$ 529.05 



$529.05 
Plummer Medal 
Balance at 1st January 1924 $ 


526.42 


Add Bond interest 


27.50 


Bank interest 


.99 






Represented by: Victory bond. . . . $500.00 
Balance in bank. 54.91 



$ 554.91 



$554.91 
Prize Fund 

Balance at 1st January 1924 $ 512.10 

Add bank interest 15.46 

Represented by: balance in bank. $527.56 

Fund for Relief of Members' Families 

Balance at 1st January 1924 $ 1,641.23 

Less paid out for relief 285.00 

$ 1,356.23 



$ 527.56 



$1,439.67 
Past President's Fund 

Balance at 1st January 1924 $ 2,525.07 

Add donation 100.00 

Bond interest 62.50 

Bank interest 9.74 

Represented by: 

Dom. of Canada C.N.R. 5% 1954 $ 2,489.55 

Bank balance 207.76 

$ 2,697.31 
War Memorial Fund 

Total subscriptions to date $ 2,541.99 

Less collection expenses 227.99 

2,314.00 
Less Prize awarded for best design for 

memorial 150.50 

2,163.50 

Add Bond interest 50.00 

Bank interest 11.90 

Represented by: 

C.P.R. Coll. Trust 1934 bonds $ 1,979.79 

Balance in bank 245.61 



$ 2,697.31 



$ 2,225.40 



$ 2,225.40 



$20,243.41 



50 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Code of Ethics Committee 

The President and Council, 

Your committee does not at present favour any 
revision in the code as recommended in the December, 
1923, Journal. It is hoped that this code will be closely 
followed where possible, or at least taken as a guide by 
those associations which are forming codes for the provin- 
cial legislatures, for your committee feels that it would 
be an advantage to have little or no variation in the ethical 
standards in the several provincial associations through- 
out the Dominion. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Frederick B. Brown, m.e.i.c. 

F. P. Shearwood, m.e.i.c. 

Students' Activities Committee 

The President and Council, 

It was realized when the recommendations of this 
committee were made a year ago in suggesting that all 
branches at university centres take steps to interest the 
students in the profession that it would take considerable 
time to have this policy fully established and in working 
order. A number of branches have taken up the sugges- 
tion enthusiastically and are carrying out this work to 
good effect. Your committee reports that it is in touch 
with the situation in the various branches and considers 
this policy should be adhered to during the coming year, 
at the end of which it is expected to be able to report 
definite and very substantial results. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Geo. R. MacLeod, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

Nominating Committee — 1925 

The following nominations to the Nominating Com- 
mittee for the year 1925 have been made by the various 
branches, have been noted by Council, and are herewith 
presented to be announced at the annual meeting in 
accordance with the by-laws. 

Halifax Branch K. H. Smith, m.e.i.c. 

Cape Breton Branch James Purves, m.e.i.c. 

St. John Branch C. C. Kirby, m.e.i.c. 

Moncton Branch A. F. Stewart, M.E.I.C 

Saguenay Branch C. N. Shanly, M.E.I.C. 

Quebec Branch A. E. Doucet, M.E.I.C. 

Montreal Branch W. C. Adams, m.e.i.c 

Ottawa Branch L. Sherwood, m.e.i.c 

Peterborough Branch B. L. Barns, a.m.e.i.c 

Kingston Branch LeR. F. Grant, a.m.e.i.c 

Toronto Branch N. D. Wilson, a.m.e.i.c 

Hamilton Branch H. A. Lumsden, m.e.i.c 

London Branch E. A. Gray, a.m.e.i.c 

Niagara Peninsula Branch Alex. Milne, a.m.e i.e. 

Border Cities Branch G. V. Davies, a.m.e.i.c 

Sault Ste Marie Branch J. W. LeB. Ross, M.E.I.C 

Lakehead Branch F. Y. Harcourt, M.E.I.C 

Winnipeg Branch J. N. Finlayson, M.E.I.C 

Saskatchewan Branch C. J. Mackenzie, M.E.I.C 

Lethbridge Branch N. H. Bradley, a.m.e.i.c 

Edmonton Branch R. S. L. Wilson, a.m.e.i.c 

Calgary Branch J. H. Ross, a.m.e.i.c. 

Vancouver Branch Wm. Smaill, m.e.i.c 

Victoria Branch J. N. Anderson, a.m.e.i.c 

Gzowski Medal Committee 

The President and Council, 

Your committee, appointed to judge the papers 
eligible for the Gzowski Medal for the year ending June 
30th, 1924, recommends that this medal be awarded to 
Mr. D. W. McLachlan, m.e.i.c, for his paper on "The 
St. Lawrence River Problem", which was published in 
the March, 1924, issue of The Journal. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Frederick B. Brown, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 



Leonard Medal Award 

The majority of the Leonard Medal Committee 
reported in favour of awarding the Leonard Medal to 
Doctor Charles Camsell, m.e.i.c, for his papers "The 
Mineral Industries, their present place in the Commercial 
Development of Canada", C.I.M.M. Bulletin, March 
1924, and "The Fuel Problem", Engineering Journal, 
April 1924. Doctor Camsell, who is chairman of the 
committee, reported that he did not consider his papers 
eligible for the Leonard Medal as they were not his own 
efforts, having compiled them from information received 
from other sources. He recommended the award of the 
medal to W. L. Uglow, for his paper "The Undiscovered 
Mines of British Columbia", C.I.M.M. Bulletin, October 
1923, this being the alternative recommendation of the 
other members of this committee. The matter was 
referred to Council who, after deliberations, decided to 
make the award to W. L. Uglow. 

Plummer Medal Committee 

The President and Council, 

In reply to your letter of June 16th, addressed to 
the members of this Committee, I have pleasure in stating 
that the Committee has considered the matter very care- 
fully and has decided unanimously to recommend that the 
Plummer Medal for this year be awarded to Mr. Gordon 
Sproule, m.Sc, a.m.e.i.c, for his paper on "Metals in 
Engineering Service" which was published in the December 
1923 number of The Engineering Journal. 
For the committee: 

Alfred Stansfield, d.Sc, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

Charles Camsell, ll.d., m.e.i.c 

G. D. Macdougall, m.e.i.c 

John F. Robertson, m.e.i.c 

J. Colin Kemp, m.e.i.c 

Students' Prizes Committee 

The President and Council, 

Your committee has examined all the papers submitted 
by Student members of The Institute for consideration in 
connection with the award of the Students' prizes and 
takes pleasure in recommending the award of a prize to 
each of the following: 

F. E. Hawker, s.e.i.c, for his paper on "Underground 

Electrical Conduits"; 
E. Gray-Donald, s.e.i.c, for his paper on "Hydro- 
Electric Power Distribution"; 
H. Greenberg, s.e.i.c, for his paper on "Low Tem- 
perature Carbonization and Its Products"; 
H. M. Thompson, jr.E.i.c, for his paper on "Mechan- 
ical Equipment used in Road Construction and 
Maintenance". 
In arriving at the above decision, Mr. Hawker's paper 
was classified in the general or civil section; Mr. Gray- 
Donald's in the electrical section; Mr. Greenberg's in the 
chemical section, and Mr. Thompson's in the mechanical 
section. 

In general the standard of the papers submitted for 
consideration is not as high as might be desired, and it is 
the hope of your committee that greater attention will be 
given to the preparation of papers by students for future 
competitions. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Frederick B. Brown, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



51 



Honour Roll and War Trophies Committee 

The President and Council, 

During the year your committee has made preliminary 
arrangements for the erection at headquarters of a fitting 
Memorial to the members of The Institute who gave their 
lives in the Great War, and a record in bronze to tho^e 
members who served. An appeal to the members for 
funds has resulted in the sum of Two thousand five 
hundred and forty-one dollars and ninety-nine cents 
($2,541.99) being received up to date for that purpose. 
Competitive designs were requested for the memorial and 
record, and a prize was offered — $150.00 for the former 
and $100.00 for the latter. The result of the competition 
has shown that there is considerable artistic talent availa- 
ble in The Institute. The award was made, following its 
approval by Council, to Major Fred. G. Cross, a.m.e.i.c, 
of Brooks, Alta., in both competitions. 

As the bronzes are estimated to cost approximately 
$4,000.00, another opportunity will be presented to the 
members of subscribing the amount needed, notice of 
which is being sent with the statement of annual dues. 
When a sufficient amount has been received, work will be 
commenced in the hope that the memorial and record in 
bronze will be ready and in place during the coming summer. 
Respectfully submitted, 

C. J. Armstrong, Brig. Gen., Chairman. 
Montreal, P.Q. 
12th January 1925 

Committee on International Co-operation 

The President and Council, 

The members of the committee have taken advantage 
of the unique opportunities afforded by the World Power 
Conference in London and the subsequent official tours 
to various European countries to establish direct and 
friendly relations for The Engineering Institute of Canada 
with organized engineering bodies of Great Britain, France, 
Italy, Switzerland, Germany and the Scandinavian coun- 
tries. With the Institutions of Engineers of Great Britain 
particularly, there have been established, with the personal 
assistance of the General Secretary, the most cordial 
connections. 

The consistent policy of The Institute to maintain 
and, wherever possible, to foster the friendliest co-opera- 
tion with the Founder Societies of the United States has 
also been consistently fostered by individual members of 
the Committee. It is hopsd within a reasonable time to 
have evolved a well defined and generally acceptable 
arrangement that will permit of a suitable exchange of 
privileges between Founder Societies of the United States 
on the one hand and The Engineering Institute on the 
other. 

As a result of the year's activities, The Engineering 
Institute is more generally and favourably known abroad 
than ever in its history. The work of this Committee is 
of a character that cannot be referred to in detail, and 
its results can only be reported in a general way. It can 
confidently be stated, however, that the interests of The 
Institute have been constructively advanced and greatly 
extended during the past year. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. B. Challies, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

Committee on Apprenticeship and 
Training of Engineers 

The President and Council, 

1. We have the honour to submit the following 
report and recommendations for the consideration of the 
Council of The Engineering Institute of Canada on the 
question of practical training of engineers. 



2. We wish to place on record at the outset our 
indebtedness to the Institution of Civil Engineers and 
to Mr. A. E. Berriman, honorary organizer in England 
of the Engineering Training Organization, for much 
valuable information in regard to what has been done 
in recent years in Great Britain in connection with the 
best methods of education and training for all classes of 
engineers. A great deal of discussion and inquiry into 
this subject has been carried on intermittently in Great 
Britain by the various engineering institutions since the 
year 1868. More particularly in 1903, as showing the 
importance that is attached to this question, the follow- 
ing engineering societies nominated representatives to 
serve on a special committee to advise on this subject:— 

The Institution of Civil Engineers, 

The Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 

The Institution of Naval Architects, 

The Iron and Steel Institute, 

The Institution of Electrical Engineers, 

The Institution of Gas Engineers, 

The Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland, 

The Institution of Mining Engineers, 

The North-East Coast Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders 

3. As we propose confining our remarks to the 
practical training of engineers, we have not considered 
the question of preparatory education, as presumably 
the universities are better fitted to advise on this subject. 

4. In regard to practical training, the committee 
are unanimously of opinion that some system of training, 
either during the last two years of the education of the 
young engineer, or sometime of pupil-age or training for 
probably a minimum of two years immediately after the 
student has left the college would be of great value, not 
only to the young engineer himself, but to the profession 
in general. 

5. In our opinion it is most important that the 
young civil engineer should be instructed in the principles 
governing the economic execution of earth work, the 
design and erection of steel work, the building of masonry 
and the design and construction of mass and reinforced 
concrete. Accuracy in the setting out of works under 
construction is a most important matter. Architecture as 
a mechanical art in distinction from architecture as a fine 
art would be a most useful acquisition. While engineering 
structures no doubt are built to be useful and their char- 
acter on most occasions should be simple, still there is no 
reason why their utility should not be made beautiful. 
A knowledge of modern languages is most desirable, and 
in the new examinations for entrance to the Institution 
of Civil Engineers fluency in one foreign language is 
essential. Unquestionably in Canada French would be 
found to be the most useful. 

6. The Rt. Hon. Lord Justice Fletcher Moulton has 
said, "The profession of engineering involves much more 
than mere engineering knowledge, or even executive skill. 
In a large proportion of the matters in which he is con- 
sulted, the engineer has the responsibility of giving 
advice, and that advice often relates to acts in which the 
rights of three parties are directly or indirectly involved. 
This consideration alone would make it desirable that he 
should have a sound knowledge of such branches of the 
law as bear upon the question he is to resolve, but his 
need of clear legal conceptions does not depend upon this 
alone. He has not only to administer but often to frame 
contracts of a character which beyond doubt renders 
them the most complicated of any that have to be inter- 
preted and pronounced upon by our courts, and their 
nature is such that he can only pass on the responsibility 
to professional lawyers to a small extent. The rest deals 
with matters so technical that it must remain in his 
hands". 

7. It appears to your committee that the period 
between the ages of 20 and 25, or thereabouts, is the most 



52 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



important for the professional future of the young man, 
as during this period he certainly learns more and is 
more influenced than at any other time of his career. 
We are unanimously of opinion that during these early 
years the young engineer who hopes to rise to the higher 
ranks should be content, within reasonable limits as to 
salary, to sacrifice everything possible for the sake of 
gaining experience, as the use of this particular time, 
good or bad, will determine the success or failure of the 
engineer for the future. 

8. Apprenticeships may be of two types. First,— 
that given to a man after he has had a complete science 
course at a college ; second, — that taken by a youth 
with a good high school education. The first is that 
recommended by the Institution of Civil Engineers. 

9. To quote from one of the most eminent and 
successful engineers of this century who took a great 
interest in the training of young engineers, "Practical 
knowledge is at least as necessary as theory, and, while 
advocating the cultivation of the latter, I feel very 
strongly the importance of the former. Such practical 
knowledge as will make a true engineer can only be 
secured in the old-fashioned way by a young man seeing 
work done and learning from it lessons from experience." 

10. The committee are of opinion that the prelimin- 
ary stage of practical training should consist, if at all 
possible, of at least a short time spent in mechanical 
engineering work-shops, or otherwise where he will be 
in contact with workmen. This introductory workshop 
experience is desirable even when students do not con- 
template devoting themselves at a later stage to what 
is generally known as mechanical engineering. They will 
probably be already acquainted with the use of tools and 
machinery, but one thing which is of vast importance 
they have not been made acquainted with, — a knowledge 
of working men, their modes of thought and feelings, 
and, if the young engineer is in the future to occupy a 
high position in control of a large body of men, he will 
find he learned many things of value in this year or two 
of association with bona-fide working men. 

11. The committee find that for shipbuilding and 
mechanical engineering, what appears to be an excellent 
system of apprenticeship has been in practice for many 
years in Montreal at the works of a large engineering 
company, and their system is as follows:— 

12. The apprenticeship covers a period of four years. 
The rates of wages paid are: — 

First year 20 cents per hour 

L E2 tit Second year 22 H cents per hour 

Third vear 27M cents per hour 

Fourth year 32^ cents per hour 

13. In addition to the wages, bonuses are paid for 
good conduct and diligence in the workshop or the draw- 
ing office, and also for attendance at evening classes. 
The bonus is as high as 50 per cent of the wages paid 
during the year. Apprentices are expected to attend 
classes three evenings a week. Vacancies on the staff 
are filled by apprentices having the highest number of 
marks. 

14. The chairman of your committee has had young 
civil engineers serving a regular apprenticeship on his 
staff on the construction of harbour works, each under 
an agreement to serve two years. These young men 
had already taken university engineering degrees before 
commencing their practical training. They were em- 
ployed in the drawing office in the designing of working 
drawings, took part in actual grading and testing of 
materials for concrete, inspected the making of concrete 
under many different conditions, assisted in measuring up 



for certificates at the end of each month, accompanied 
the resident engineer when all foundations were being 
examined before being approved, inspected making of 
piles and the driving of same, were thoroughly trained 
to become expert divers, so as to examine foundations 
below water in a diving dress, gained considerable exper- 
ience of working under compressed air in caissons, learned 
by experience the difficulty of the construction of large 
cofferdams and the pumping out and unwatering of 
works. By the end of their second year's training from 
their practical experience, they are able to command higher 
salaries and likely to attain to a higher ultimate position 
than the young man who as soon as he leaves college 
immediately takes some position where, at the moment, 
he is able to earn more money to begin with, but learns 
little or nothing which is to be of value to him in future 
years. 

15. The committee are of opinion that for civil 
engineers at least two years spent on the staff of the 
chief engineer, or contractor, on large public works, with 
or without pay, so long as the employer recognizes his 
responsibility and gives the young engineer all reasonable 
opportunity to gain experience, is probably the best 
form of practical training that the young engineer could 
have, as, if the works are sufficiently large and the ap- 
prentice sufficiently keen on acquiring knowledge, he will 
learn more in a month of the actual difficulties of engin- 
eering and construction and how to overcome them than 
he would in years of study without practical experience. 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. D. Swan, m.e.i.c, Chairman, 

R. S. Lea, m.e.i.c, 

F. P. Shearwood, m.e.i.c, 

K. B. Thornton, m.e.i.c, 

H. M. MacKay, m.e.i.c 

Fuel Committee 

The report of the Institute Fuel Committee was 
published in the November and December 1924 issues of 
The Journal, pages 678 and 721 respectively. 

Committee on Deterioration of Concrete 
in Alkali Soils 

The President and Council, 

Three years ago our committee instituted a research, 
which had for its main object a study of the chemistry 
of cement and the action on it of so-called alkali waters. 
It was decided to raise sufficient funds to carry on the 
work for three years, which it is estimated would be the 
minimum time required to ascertain the exact chemical 
reactions that take place when concrete is disintegrated 
by alkali waters. 

Your committee is very pleased to be able to report 
that very satisfactory progress has been made and that 
under the direction of Dr. Thorvaldson, the research has 
been very actively prosecuted and that at present he has 
prepared for publication scientific papers on "The Nature 
of the Action of Sulphates on Portland Cement", "The 
Action of Sulphates on the Individual Substances present 
in Portland Cement" and that several other papers will 
be ready for publication in the immediate future. It is 
the hope of the committee that by next summer a very 
full report of the entire work will be ready in which these 
condensed scientific papers will be incorporated and 
amplified. We feel that it will be possible then to state 
quite definitely just what reactions take place in the 
disintegration of concrete under alkali conditions, and 
also have remedies to suggest. Already various means 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



53 



of preventing the action are being investigated, but your 
committee feels that the commercial testing of any 
remedies suggested is a matter for the industries con- 
cerned and that our purpose will have been achieved 
when we have been able to show the exact cause and 
suggest possible remedies. 

We have sufficient funds, as will be seen from the 
financial statement, to carry on the work for another six 
to nine months, when we expect the primary object for 
which this committee was formed will have been success- 
full v attained. 

Field Work 

While we have considered our research to be concerned 
chiefly with the chemical investigation, the physical test 
blocks have been observed, and while we do not wish to 
point out any definite conclusions of particular value, 
the following report is submitted on the latest inspection: — 

During the past year a few additional specimens have 
been made and treated with a number of surface coatings 
which have been brought to the attention of members 
of the committee. Specimens were also made with 
Lumnite cement, a new high alumina, high early strength 
cement, which is now being manufactured in the United 
States and which is similar in physical characteristics to 
the French "Ciment Electrique" which was used in 1922. 
All of the above specimens were prepared too late to be 
installed in 1924. 

The condition of the blocks installed in 1921 and 1922 
is shown in tables Nos. 1, 2 and 3. The descriptive 
phrases employed do not completely describe the relative 
conditions of the various specimens but unless they are 
described as "Good condition" apparent deterioration has 
taken place varying from surface roughening and scaling 
to complete disintegration. 

Table No. 4 shows details of mixtures prepared in 
1922, and which were not included in the tabulation 
found in the annual report of the committee for 1922 
which was published in the February, 1923, issue of 
The Journal. 



Table No. 1, 



Condition of Concrete Block Specimens 
at Dates Indicated. 



Full details as to cement and aggregate proportions will be found in 

the February 1923, issue of the Engineering Journal. 
Two specimens of each batch are exposed at each site. One specimen 

of each batch was inspected at Deacon in 1923, both specimens 

at the other locations. 
Unless otherwise indicated blocks were installed in the fall of 1921. 



Batch 
No. 

1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 
20 
21 
22 
•23 
•24 
60 
61 
62 
63 
64 
65 
66 
69 
•70 
72 
73 
74 
76 



Cassils— April, 1924 Grandora— Sept. 30. 1924 Deacon— Sept. 6, 1923. 



Good condition 

Good condition 

Slowly disintegrating 

Rapidly disintegrating. . . 

Good condition 

Slowly disintegrating 

Good condition 

Rapidly disintegrating. . . . 

Good condition 

Rapidly disintegrating. . . 

Good condition 

(Not installed at Cassils) . 
Rapidly disintegrating. . . . 

Good condition 

Rapidly disintegrating. . . 
Rapidly disintegrating. . . 
Rapidly disintegrating. . . 
Rapidly disintegrating. . . 
Rapidly disintegrating. . . 
Rapidly disintegrating. . . 

(Not reported) 

Slowly disintegrating. . . 

Some disintegration 

Rapidly disintegrating. . . 
Some disintegration 



Good condition 

Good condition 

Slowly disintegrating 

Some disintegration 

Good condition 

Some disintegration 

Good condition 

Surface roughening 

Good condition 

Complete disintegration . . 

Surface roughening 

Complete disintegration. . . 
Rapidly disintegrating. . . . 

Surface roughening 

Complete disintegration. . 

Some disintegration 

Some disintegration 

Some disintegration 

Some disintegration 

Complete disintegration. . 
Complete disintegration. 
Asphalt peeling off at 
Good condition. . [ground 
Rapidly disintegrating. . . . 
Some disintegration 



Good condition 
Good condition 
Good condition 
Good condition 
Good condition 
Some disintegration 
Good condition 
Some disintegration 
Good condition 
Good condition 
Good condition 
(Not reported) 
Slowly disintegrating 
Good condition 
Some disintegration 
Some disintegration 
Slowly disintegrating 
Slowly disintegrating 
Slowly disintegrating 
Slowly disintegrating 
Rapidly disintegrating 
Asphalt coating destroyed 
Some disintegration 
Good condition 
Good condition 



Complete disintegration. . Some disintegration Good condition 

Rapidly disintegrating. . Tar peeling off at ground Some disintegration 
Rapidly disintegrating.. . Tar peeling off at ground. Some disintegration 

(Not reported) Complete disintegration. Rapidly disintegrating 

Complete disintegration. . Rapidly disintegrating. . . . Some disintegration 

Rapidly disintegrating. Some disintegration Good condition 

Slowly disintegrating Some disintegration Some disintegration 

Slowly disintegrating Good condition Good condition 

Good condition Some disintegration Good condition 

'Installed fall of 1922. Details of these mixtures will be found in the following 



77 

78 

78 
•80 

81 

82 

83 

84 
•85 

table. 

Table No. 2, — Condition of Gunite Block Specimens made 
at Brooks — Installed Fall of 1922. 

Grandora (1924) Deacon (1923) 

Both specimens badly disintegrated. Good condition. 

Table No. 3, — Condition of 2" x 4" cylinders furnished 

by Super Cement (America) Ltd. 
All specimens in good condition at time the above inspections 
were made. 

Table No. 4, — Specimens Molded at Saskatoon in 1922 
and Installed the Same Year. 















Compressive 


Batch 






Proportions 


Special 


Lb. cement 


strength 


No. 


Cement 


Aggregate 


by 


treat- 


per cu. yd. 


28 days 








volume 


ment 


concrete 


pounds 


23 


Electric 1 


Warman 


1-1.36-1.66 


None 


785 


3 3500+ 


24 


Commercial 2 


Warman 


1-1.36-1.66 


None 


735 


500 


70 


Canada 


Warman 


1-1.36-1.66 


Alkagel 


709 


2245 


80 


Canada 


Warman 


1-2.3-2.8 


Alkagel 


522 


1365 


85 


Electric 


Warman 


1-2.3-2.8 


None 


525 


3 35004 



l "Ciment Electrique" supplied by Bureau d'Organisation Economique 

Paris, France. 
2 A natural cement. 
'Exceeded capacity of available testing machine;-. 

Financial 

The following summary of expenditures and receipts 
as to December 1st, 1924, is submitted, a detailed and 
itemized statement of expenditures from December 1st, 
1923, to December 1st, 1924, is being sent to the financial 
supporters of the research. 

Total Expenditures to December 1st, 1924 
General Committee meetings, travelling 

expenses $ 1,836.56 



Physical 
Tests 



Chemical 
Research 



Misc., telegrams, office expenses 

Travelling allowances and ex- 
penses 

Material and special equipment . 
Freight and cartage 

Travelling expenses 

Salaries 

Materials and equipment 



353.85 



1,123.66 

1,696.11 

353.09 

340.81 
21,977.47 
5,060.71 



$ 2,190.41 



3,172.86 



27,378.99 
Grand total $32,742.26 



Total Receipts to December 1st, 1923 



1921 1922 1923 



1924 



Research Council 5,000 

Canada Cement Co. . . 3,000 

Saskatchewan 3,000 

Alberta 1,000 

C. P. R 1,000 

City of Winnipeg 200 

Interest on bank ace. . 



5,000 


5,000 


3,000 


3,000 


3,000 


3,000 


1,000 


— 


1,000 


1,000 


200 


300 




139.41 



422.14 



Total 

$15,000.00 

9,000.00 

9,000.00 

2,000.00 

3,000.00 

700.00 

561.55 



Total receipts $39,261.55 

Total expenditures $32,742.26 

Balance in bank $ 6,519.29 

Expenditures in Year Dec. 1st, 1923 to Dec. 1st, 1924 

General Travelling expenses of committee $ 207.90 

Physical 27.30 

Chemical Travelling expenses $ 62.36 

Salaries 8,148.75 

Materials 542.81 

— — 8,753.92 



Total $ 8,989.12 



54 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



From the above statement it will be seen that while 
we have neither solicited nor received funds during the 
past year, we have sufficient funds on hand to carry on 
the research for another six to nine months, by which 
time we hope to be able to make a final report of our 
activities of the past three years. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 

C. J. Mackenzie, m.e.i.c, Chairman, 

Canadian Engineering Standards Committee 

The President and Council, 

The Canadian Engineering Standards Association, 
which was incorporated in 1919, is a voluntary body, 
composed of members who give their services on its 
working committees. These committees deal with the 
various technical subjects, and are in each case nominated 
by the various interests concerned, whether manufacturers, 
engineers, or purchasers. They are engaged in the pre- 
paration of standard specifications, standard methods of 
test, and the like, with the view of their general adoption 
in Canada, thus obtaining simplicity and economy in 
engineering products, and protecting the public safety. 
The 55 working committees of the association now 
number more than 400 members, and are under the 
general direction of a Main Committee of 48 members. 

The Engineering Institute of Canada's representatives 
on the above committee are now: 

Sir Alexander Bertram, (retires March 1925). 

Prof. C. J. Mackenzie, (retires March 1926). 

Frederick B. Brown, (retires March 1927). 
Mr. Brown was nominated by the Council of the E.I.C. 
to replace the late Mr. Walter J. Francis. 

Publications 

During 1924, the association has issued six new 
publications, the complete list of its published standards 
being as follows: — 
No. A 1-1922 Standard Specification for Steel Railway Bridges. 

Ala-1922 Material Specifications, Steel Railway Bridges (separate 

reprint). 
C 2-1920 Standard Requirements for Distribution Type Trans- 
formers. 
C 3-1924 Standard Specification for Galvanized Telegraph and 

Telephone Wire. 
B4 -1921 Standard Specification for Wire Rope for Mining, 

Dredging and Steam Shovel Purposes. 
A 5-1922 Standard Specification for Portland Cement. 
A 6-1922 Standard Specification for Steel Highway Bridges. 
D 7-1922 Standard Specification for Flexible Steel Wire Rope 

and Strand for Aircraft Purposes. 
G 8-1923 Standard General Specification for Commercial Bar 

Steels. 
A 9-1923 Standard Specifications for Reinforcing Materials for 

Concrete. 
C10-1923 Standard Specifications for Tungsten Incandescent 

Lamps. 
Dl 1-1924 Interim Report on the Manufacture, Testing and Use 

of Gasoline for Automotive Purposes. 
B12-1924 Standard General Specification for Galvanized Steel 

Wire Strand. 
E13-1924 Standard Specification for Railway Wire-Fencing and 

Gates. 
C14-1924 Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Poles. 
C15-1924 Standard Specification for Eastern Cedar Poles. 
A16-1924 Standard Specification for Steel Structures for Buildings. 

(In the Press). 

The following notes on the reports issued during 
1924 will be of interest. 

The Report on the Manufacture, Testing and Use of 
Gasoline for Automotive Purposes is not a specification, 
for the committee dealing with this subject found it was 
impossible to recommend a single definite specification, 
since the precise composition and fractional analysis of a 
motor gasoline having satisfactory vaporizing qualities 



depends largely upon the kind of crude oil available at 
the refinery where it is produced, and also upon the 
climatic conditions of the locality where it is to be used. 
An inquiry into the nature of the complaints made by 
gasoline users indicated that in the great majority of 
cases, the motorist's troubles are due to the manner in 
which the gasoline is used, rather than to the poor quality 
of the fuel. The report of the committee endeavours 
therefore to inform motorists, firstly, as to the methods 
employed in producing gasoline at the present time, to 
state the properties which should be possessed by gasoline 
of good quality, and to indicate the methods by which 
gasoline can be tested. The report concludes with notes 
on the nature of the various troubles produced by im- 
proper lubrication. 

Specification for Galvanized Steel Wire Strand. The 
desirability of obtaining as wide agreement as possible 
on a specification covering the various sizes of galvanized 
steel wire strand was originally suggested to the associa- 
tion by officers of the Bell Telephone Company, and the 
formation of a committee for this purpose was approved 
in April 1920. Enquiries at that time showed that 
buyers in Canada were calling for over thirty different 
varieties of this product, and it was felt that upon consider- 
ation this number could no doubt be substantially reduced 
with benefit not only to the purchasers but also to the 
manufacturers. It was also found that the materials 
employed by manufacturers in filling a majority of their 
orders could be classed under three grades, namely, a low 
carbon steel wire ranging in tensile strength from 70,000 
to 75,000 pounds per square inch; a wire of similar material 
but somewhat harder drawn, of which the smaller sizes 
showed an ultimate tensile strength up to 120,000 pounds 
per square inch; and an annealed "crucible" steel wire of 
higher carbon content of which the smaller sizes had a 
tensile strength as high as 210,000 pounds per square inch. 

Only a small number of existing specifications were 
found to call for materials not included in the above 
classification, and it was therefore decided to retain these 
grades of material for the standard varieties of strand. 
It is believed that the three standard grades of material 
now adopted will satisfactorily fill the requirements of 
the great majority of purchasers. 

As in the case of the Specification for Wire Rope 
(No. B4 — 1921) it has been thought desirable to retain 
the trade designation "crucible" as applied to a particular 
grade of material, though the committee realizes that the 
term is not applicable from a strictly metallurgical point 
of view. 

Standard Specification for Railway Wire-Fencing and 
Gales. At the suggestion of some of the Canadian manu- 
facturers of fence wire, and with the approval of officers 
of the railways, a C.E.S.A. Committee was formed in 
March, 1923, for the purpose of drawing up specifications 
for the types of wire fencing and steel gates needed to 
meet the various requirements of railway service in 
Canada. It was felt that the number of existing varieties 
could be reduced with advantage and economy, and that 
the standardization of the details of fences and gates 
should be considered. 

In preparing the specifications now published, the 
committee has taken account of various existing require- 
ments, such as those of the American Railway Engineering 
Association, the various provincial governments, and the 
Board of Railway Commissioners, and has endeavoured 
to harmonize the wishes of the railways with the limita- 
tions imposed by manufacturing conditions. 

Specification for Reinforced Concrete Poles. In No- 
vember 1922, the Main Committee approved the forma- 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



55 



tion of a Joint Panel appointed from the membership of 
the committees on Concrete and Reinforced Concrete 
and on Wood Poles, to consider and prepare specifications 
for concrete poles. 

The specification now published is the result of their 
work and is intended to describe the standard methods 
suitable for use under Canadian conditions. 

It is believed that while stating the precautions desir- 
able in the manufacture of concrete poles, and defining 
the standard classes and loadings for such poles, the 
specification leaves all necessary freedom to the designer 
in arranging and proportioning the reinforcement or in 
utilizing poles made by any of the special processes now 
available. 

In drawing up the document, existing specifications 
have been freely consulted, and the Panel is particularly 
indebted to the Specifications of the American Railway 
Association (Telegraph and Telephone Section), and to 
data furnished by the Portland Cement Association and 
the Canada Cement Company. 

Standard Specification for Eastern Cedar Poles. The 
difficulty of framing satisfactory specifications for wood 
poles has long been recognized. It is nevertheless evident 
that general agreement on sufficiently definite require- 
ments would be beneficial, by informing lumbermen 
regarding the acceptability of their product, by promoting 
economy in handling, and by aiding in the conservation 
of our forest resources. 

Recognizing this situation, the Main Committee in 
1922 appointed a Committee on Wood Poles for Trans- 
mission Lines, and it was found that while several 
excellent specifications for poles, both eastern (white) 
cedar and western (red) cedar, were available, only a 
small proportion of poles actually offered for sale com- 
plied fully with their provisions, this being especially 
the case in eastern cedar poles, the conditions under 
which these are grown varying so greatly according to 
locality. 

The present specification gives the result of the 
committee's enquiries and investigations regarding eastern 
cedar poles, and it is hoped that a similar specification 
for Western Cedar Poles will shortly be completed. 
The committee has endeavoured to draw up a specifica- 
tion which will classify poles in such a way as to permit 
the utilization for various purposes of as large a propor- 
tion as possible of poles available commercially. It is 
believed that the Specification will at the same time 
enable the purchaser to obtain material thoroughly suit- 
able for each of his various purposes. 

Standard Specification for Steel Structures for Buildings. 
In response to many requests, the Main Committee 
decided in October, 1923, to form a committee for the 
purpose of drawing up a Standard Specification for Steel 
Structures for Buildings, it being intended that this 
should deal with steel construction for buildings in the 
same way as that in which the C.E.S.A. Specifications 
for Railway and Highway Bridges treat of steel bridge 
construction. 

Inquiries showed that such a specification would be 
welcomed by fabricators and manufacturers, as well as 
by engineers and architects. It was felt also that its 
use would promote economy and protect the public, 
especially if employed by local authorities in the formula- 
tion of their building by-laws, thus obtaining uniformity 
of practice throughout the Dominion. 

The Committee on Steel Structures for Buildings 
includes architects, consulting engineers and represent- 



atives nominated by the fabricating companies, the 
inspection companies, and by the government depart- 
ments concerned. 

In preparing the specification, the committee has 
carefully considered the work done in the United States 
and elsewhere along similar lines. It will, however, be 
noted that no drastic changes in existing practice are 
recommended for the present. It is considered that 
further investigations and experimental data are needed 
in regard to such composite forms of construction as 
columns encased in reinforced concrete and beam flanges 
embedded in concrete floor-slabs, before definite means 
can be specified for taking advantage of the additional 
stiffness or strength so obtained. 

In view of the complex technical problems now 
recognized as occurring in the construction of important 
buildings, it is considered essential that the computations 
involved in the proportioning of their structural steel 
work be made by, or under the direction of, a competent 
professional engineer. 

Reorganization 

During the year 1924, the organization of the associa- 
tion has been somewhat simplified by a reduction in the 
number of the so-called sectional committees, these hav- 
ing been reduced from 13 to 7 in number, each being now 
charged with the supervision of the work of the com- 
mittees dealing with some particular branch of industry. 
Thus, for example, all work done by committees dealing 
with electrical matters is passed upon by the Sectional 
Committee on Electrical Work before being submitted 
to the Main Committee for authorization to publish. 

The sectional committees as now organized are as 
follows : — ■ 

Sectional Committee on Civil Engineering and Construction. 

Sectional Committee on Mechanical Work. 

Sectional Committee on Electrical Work. 

Sectional Committee on Automotive Work. 

Sectional Committee on Railway Work. 

Sectional Committee on Ferrous Metals. 

Sectional Committee on Mining Work. 

In outlining this scheme, the Main Committee has 
followed the classification as to branches of industry 
which was agreed upon by the Conference of Secretaries 
of the various national standardizing bodies in 1923, and 
is now in use by practically all of these organizations. 

Work in Progress 

As regards work in progress, the following notes deal 
with some of the more important topics now under con- 
sideration. 

Specification for Movable Bridges. This specification 
is now in draft form and is being considered and criticized 
by the committee. When completed, it will be available 
as a supplement to the C.E.S.A. Specifications for Steel 
Railway Bridges and Steel Highway Bridges, as it deals 
with those features of bridges of both types which pertain 
specially to movable spans. 

Concrete and Reinforced Concrete. During the past 
three years, a committee of the C.E.S.A. has been engaged 
in the preparation of a specification for concrete and 
reinforced concrete, following in this work, the general 
lines of the important report of the American Joint 
Committee on Standard Specifications for Concrete and 
Reinforced Concrete. It is expected that the C.E.S.A. 
specification, when completed, will be substantially in 
agreement with the American one, such minor modifica- 
tions, however, being introduced as will render the 
document more suitable for use in this country. Progress 



56 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



in this work is necessarily slow, both on account of the 
complexity of the subject and also the desirability of 
keeping closely in touch with the work in the United 
States. 

Road Materials and Construction. In connection with 
the extensive programme of road construction which has 
been going on for the past four years, practically all over 
the Dominion, it has appeared important to obtain general 
agreement as far as possible regarding such matters as 
definitions of terms relating to road materials and road 
engineering, methods of testing road materials, and 
standard types of road construction, with the idea of 
reducing as far as possible, the inevitable divergencies 
in practice due to the diversity of local conditions in 
various provinces. 

A feature of the work of the C.E.S.A. Committee 
on Road Materials and Construction, is a scheme for 
uniform nomenclature for road materials, and a standard 
system of classification of items involved in road con- 
struction. 

Canadian Electrical Code. As a result of a request 
addressed to a number of manufacturers and organizations 
interested, funds have recently been provided for the 
preparation of a preliminary draft for part I of this code, 
and the work has commenced and progressed during the 
summer two engineers having devoted their whole time 
to it during the months of July, August and September. 
As a result, the preliminary draft of part I has been 
completed and some progress has been made with part II. 

Part I is now being duplicated for distribution to 
the members of the several provincial committees, so 
that their detailed criticisms may be obtained. The 
document consists of about 100 typewritten pages, and 
outlines the proposed "Rules and Regulations for Elec- 
trical Installations in, on, or over Buildings, using Poten- 
tials of from 10 to 5,000 volts". In the preparation of 
these draft rules, consideration has been given not only 
to fire hazard and injury to persons and property, but 
also to proper maintenance and operation. The rules are 
based upon the two American codes (the National Elec- 
trical Code and the National Electrical Safety Code), 
and upon the rules and regulations of the Hydro-Electric 
Power Commission of Ontario. Considerable use has 
also been made of the local regulations prescribed in 
various cities, such as Winnipeg, Chicago, etc. 

After consideration by the various provincial com- 
mittees the various amendments and suggested changes 
will be considered by the C.E.S.A. Committee on Canadian 
Electrical Code. 

In regard to this work, considerable assistance has 
been received not only from the manufacturers, but also 
from the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, 
and the various underwriters associations, and arrange- 
ments are being made for consultation with the com- 
mittees of the American Engineering Standards Com- 
mittee which are now engaged in the revision of the two 
American codes, namely, the National Electrical Code 
and the National Electrical Safety Code. 

Traffic Signals for Highways. The C.E.S.A. com- 
mittee on this subject was formed as the result of a request 
for co-operation received from the American Engineering 
Standards Committee. There is a movement in the 
United States looking to the standardization of colours 
and forms for traffic signals on highways, and it is felt 



that by reason of the large and increasing interchange of 
motor traffic between Canada and the United States, the 
greatest possible measure of uniformity of practice between 
the two countries in this respect is desirable. The C.E.S.A. 
committee has three panels dealing respectively with signs 
on highways at level crossings of steam and electrical rail- 
ways, signals on vehicles, and danger and direction signals 
on highways. It should be noted that a good deal of 
work has been accomplished in connection with the last 
named item by the various Interprovincial conferences of 
highway officials, and it is hoped that means will be 
found for harmonizing this with the general trend of 
American practice. 

Heavy Steel Castings. Some time ago, as a result of 
certain failures of heavy cast steel rotor rings, the C.E.S.A. 
was requested to arrange for the organization of a com- 
mittee to consider the possibility of drawing up specifica- 
tions and prescribing methods of test for heavy steel 
castings which will guard as far as possible against the 
repetition of such occurrences. 

This committee has already commenced its work, and 
a good deal of information regarding American and 
European practice has been collected. In this connec- 
tion, particular assistance has been received as the 
result of a request addressed to the various national 
standardizing bodies through the Swiss Standards Com- 
mittee, and communications have been received from 
England, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, and the United 
States, giving comments and suggestions for the consider- 
ation of our committee. 

Co-operation 

In all of its work, the Canadian Engineering Standards 
Association is endeavouring to co-operate as far as possible 
with other national standardizing bodies. With this in 
view, information is interchanged with the national 
standardizing bodies in the following countries:— 

Australia Great Britain Hungary Russia 

Austria Finland Italy Switzerland 

Belgium France Japan Sweden 

Czechoslovakia Germany Norway United States 

Denmark Holland Poland 

Finance 

The association has hitherto been financed by an 
annual grant of $10,000. from the Dominion government, 
supplemented by contributions from firms and organiza- 
tions interested in its work. These contributions during 
1924 amounted to $6,125. 

In February 1924, a letter was received from the 
Hon. T. A. Low, minister of trade and commerce, advis- 
ing that while the grant for 1924-25 would be given, the 
government's financial aid would then be withdrawn. 
It is understood accordingly that no grant for the C.E.S.A. 
is included in the estimates for 1925-26. Continuation 
of the association's work on an adequate scale is not 
considered possible if it is dependent solely on private 
contributions, and representations are being made to 
the premier and to Mr. Low regarding this. 

An expression of opinion by the annual meeting of 
The Engineering Institute as to the value of the association's 
work to the general public, would no doubt have consider- 
able influence with the Cabinet. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Alex. Bertram, m.e.i.c, Vice-Chairman. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



57 



Branch Reports 



Border Cities Branch 

The President and Council, 

The executive of the Border Cities Branch beg to submit the 
following annual report for the year ending December 31st, 1924. 

During the past year two events occurred in the branch that seem 
to call for special mention. On the evening of February 6th, in the 
Prince Edward hotel, Windsor, the Border Cities Branch sponsored its 
first ball. This was considered by all to have been an unqualified suc- 
cess and was thoroughly enjoyed by all. Credit for the success of this 
affair is due principally to the energetic and efficient Entertainment 
Committee under the able chairmanship of A. J. M. Bowman, a.m.e.i.C. 
The other outstanding feature of the year was the presentation 
of the charter to the branch. At this meeting, which was held on 
November 8th, the members had the pleasure of meeting Dr. Arthur 
Surveyer, M.E.i.c, president of The Institute, who presented the charter. 
During the year there were held eight regular meetings and one 
special meeting. The executive met on several different occasions. 
The meetings held and the speakers present were as follows: — 
Jan. 8 — "The Financing of Public Utilities," by O. E. Fleming, 

K.C. 
Feb. 8 — "Asphalt Paving," bv Germain P. Graham. 
Mar. 14— "Alberta Coal," by W. H. Baltzell, M.E.I.C. 
April 11 — "The Design and Construction of Highway Bridges," 

by T. U. Fairlie, a.m.e.i.C. 
May 9 — "Corrosion of Metals and the Factors which Inhibit 

Corrosion," by Morgan Smith. 
Oct. 10 — "Waterproofing of Concrete," by J. E. Rothermel. 
Nov. 8 — The presentation of the charter by president Dr. Arthur 

Surveyer, M.E.I.C. 
Nov. 14 — "Civic Management," by C. H. R. Fuller. 
Dec. 12 — Annual meeting. 

In regard to committees, the only committee that was active 
during the year was the Entertainment and Papers Committee, the 
personnel of which was, from January to May, A. J. M. Bowman, 
a.m.e.i.C, chairman; S. E. McGorman, M.E.I.C, D. A. Molitor, M.E.I.C, 
and from October to December, L. McGill Allan, a.m.e.i.C, chairman; 
and A. J. M. Bowman, a.m.e.i.C This committee has been a great 
help to the executive in taking practically full charge of the arrange- 
ments for the speakers and of the meetings. 

As the other committees did not function it seems that a few words 
of explanation would not be out of the way. The duties of the Adverti- 
sing Committee was found to entail the soliciting of advertising for the 
Journal by the members of the committee who it was found were often 
subjected to some embarrasement due to the positions they held and 
the favours which the advertisers felt they should receive from the firms 
by whom the committeemen were employed. It was therefore thought 
advisable by the executive that the committee be allowed to rest in 
status quo. 

Membership 

The personnel of the Membership Committee was carefully se- 
lected by the executive early in the year but before it could function 
properly the members, L. B. Tillson, a.m.e.i.C, chairman and G. J. 
Burgess, a.m.e.i.C, were given positions which took them out of the 
city for long periods at a time and it is only recently that they realized 
that they were unable to give proper attention to the work assigned to 
them. It is therefore necessary for the secretary to give a brief sum- 
mary regarding the membership of the branch. The following is a 
list of the resident and non-resident members for 1923 and 1924: — 

Branch Branch 

Residents Non-residents 

1923 1924 1923 1924 

Members 16 19 3 2 

Associate Members. . 43 38 9 11 

Juniors 14 14 3 7 

Students 22 25 5 5 

Affiliates 1 1 

Total 96 97 21 25 

This gives a total membership of 122 which is a net gain of 5. The 
executive feel that this increase, though small, is creditable, considering 
the adverse business conditions in the Border Cities during the last 
few months. This necessitated the closing down of several large 
industries, which had engineering staffs. A large gain is expected 
early in the year following the already noticeable bettering of commercial 
and economic conditions. 



It is to be regretted that during the last year, death has claimed 
one of our most active and valuable members in the person of A. J. 
Riddell, a.m.e.i.C, who was chairman of the branch for the year 19<£l. 

Financial Statement 

Receipts 

To balance in bank ^?q?'q| 

Rebates from headquarters oc"i9 

Branch news 71 qo 

Advertising 1AA7C 

Dinners paid for at meetings o*£c 

Interest at bank ^j^bo 

Total $ 696 - 33 

Expenditures 

Notices, printing $ ^?'\\ 

Postage, revenue, stamps, telegrams, misc (-M 

Services, cigars, entertainment at meetings »•* 

Hotel for dinners at meetings 22 .9b 

Filing cabinet Innn 

Refund to headquarters of original grant ou.uu 

Typing and multigraphing 9.25 

Flowers lo.UU 

Donation General Hospital fund 25.00 

Dance deficit 14 - 70 

Total $460.50 

Cash on hand at bank ^o.ecs 

$696.33 

Respectfully submitted, . 

J. E. Porter, a.m.e.i.C, Chairman. 

F. Jas. Bridges, a.m.e.i.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Calgary Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee, we beg to submit the 
following report of the activities of the Calgary Branch for the year 
ending December 31st, 1924. 

The slate of officers elected on March 11th, 1923, held office until 
the next annual meeting of the branch, March 8th, 1924. The fol- 
lowing is the list of officers elected on March 8th, 1924, for the branch 
year 1924-25: 

Chairman R. S. Trowsdale, A.M.E.I.C 

Vice-Chairman.. A. L. Ford, M.E.I.C 

Sec-Treasurer.. G. P. F. Boese, a.m.e.i.C 

Executive 

Committee J. H. Ross, a.m.e.i.C, W. S. Fetherstonhaugh, 

m.e.i.c, B. Russell, a.m.e.i.C, B. L. Thorne, 

M.E.I.C, 

Ex-officio members emeriti, — J. A. Spreckley, a.m.e.i.C, 

P. J. Jennings, M.E.I.C 

Auditors H. R. Carscallen, A.M.E.I.C 

W. St. J. Miller, a.m.e.i.C 
Branch Editor.. . W. St. J. Miller, a.m.e.i.C 

Membership 

The membership of the branch is as follows: 



Members . 
Associate 
members 

Juniors 

Students. . . . 
Affiliates .... 
Branch Aff . . 



Branch 
Residents 
. 21 



Branch Total as at 
Non-Res. Dec. 31st, 1924 



53 
2 

1 
15 



18 
1 
1 

1 



23 

71 
3 
1 
1 

16 



Total as at 

Dec. 31st, 1923 

20 

78 
9 
3 
1 
8 



92 23 115 119 

During the year, two Associate Members were transferred to the 
class of Member, so that the list really shows five Associate Members 
less than the previous vear. Two of the Juniors were transferred to 
the grade of Associate Member, and others have left the district. It 
will be noticed the branch has increased its Affiliate membership con- 
siderably. The regrettable loss, by death of W. A. Davidson, M.E.I.C, 
occurred on March 6th. 



58 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Meetings 

Fourteen Executive Committee meetings were held during the 

year, and the business of the branch kept up to date. 

General meetings, dinners, luncheons, and special affairs were 

as follows: 

Jan. 7 — Annual dinner. Five minute talks were given by members 
representing various sections of the branch. A musical 
programme and stunts were features of the occasion. 

Jan. 21 — "Automatic regulating control for irrigation canal 
openings," by Major F. G. Cross, A.M.E.I.C. 

Jan. 30 — Farewell lunch to V. M. Meek, A.M.E.I.C, (Chairman of the 
branch), leaving for Ottawa. 

Feb. 5 — -"Depreciation in relation to Municipal Assets," by 
F. M. Harvey, city auditor. 

Feb. 18 — "The Deterioration and Preservative Treatment of 
Timber," by A. S. Dawson, M.E.I.C. 

Mar. 8 — Annual meeting. 

Mar. 31 — Luncheon to Fraser S. Keith, M.E.I.C, general secretary, 
followed by an address by Mr. Keith on "Institute 
Affairs Generally." 

April 8 — "Civic Financing," A. G. Graves, city commissioner. 

April 26 — Presentation of papers by Juniors of The Institute in com- 
petition for the prize offered by W. J. Dick, m.e.i.c, won 
by H. J. McLean, Jr.E.i.c The papers were as follows: 
"Evaporation," — by H. J. McLean, Jr. E.I.C., "See- 
page Investigations," — by W. Crook, Jr.E.I.C, "Pre- 
paration of Maximum Strength Concrete," — by 
C. M. Moore, Jr.E.i.c 

July 19 — Trip by automobile to the Calgary Power Company's hydro- 
electric plants at Kananaskis. Luncheon and inspection 
of the plants. 

Aug. 23 — Trip by automobile to Strathmore, where the members and 
their wives indulged in drives, golf, etc., followed by supper. 

Aug. 28 — Luncheon to F. C. Scobey, irrigation engineer of the U. S. 
Dept. of Agriculture, followed by an address by Mr. Scobey 
on "Conveyance of Water." 

Oct. 22 — Presentation of Branch Charter by Major Geo. A. Walkem, 
m.e.i.c, vice-president of The Institute. This was the 
occasion of a dinner in honour of Major Walkem, who 
afterwards made an inspiring address to the members. 

Nov. 14 — "Central Heating for Business Communities," by 
W. B. Trotter, a.m.e.i.c, (illustrated by lantern slides). 

Nov. 24— Ten minute addresses on Calgary industries by six members, 
as follows: 

"Meat Packing Industry," by A. S. Chapman, 

A.M.E.I.C. 

"Imperial Oil Refineries," by R. L. Dunsmore, 

A.M.E.I.C. 

"Railway Activities," by T. Lees, A.M.E.I.C. 
"Lumber & Wood Working Industry," by R. C. 

Harris, a.m.e.i.c 
"Iron Foundries," by A. G. Willson, A.M.E.I.C. 
"Leather Manufacture," by R. M. Dingwall, 
A.M.E.I.C. 
This was the occasion of a supper preceding the meeting. 
Dec. 19 — "A Recent Electrical Application," (illustrated by 
lantern slides), by Dr. R. W. Boyle, m.e.i.c, dean of the 
Faculty of Applied Science, Edmonton University. 
The average attendance at the above meetings was 40. 
At the general meeting on April 8th, J. A. Spreckley, A.M.E.I.C, 
the retiring secretary, was presented with a silver cigarette case by the 
members of the branch as a token of appreciation of his services during 
his tenure of office. 

B. L. Thorne, m.e.i.c and G. P. F. Boese, a.m.e.i.c, represented 
the branch, as delegates, at the eighteenth annual convention of the 
Western Canada Irrigation Association held at Calgary on July 29th to 
31st. 

R. S. Trowsdale, a.m.e.i.c, represented the branch at the annual 
western meeting of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 
held at Blairmore, October 16th to 18th. 

On August 29th, the visiting members of the British Association 
for the Advancement of Science, were given a pamphlet describing 
water power, irrigation and mining developments in Alberta, and 
were met by a committee who conducted them to the principal places 
of engineering interest in the city of Calgary. 

Financial Statement 

Assets and Liabilities as at December 31st, 1924 

Assets 

Cash in bank $ 152.41 

Market value of securities 1,057.23 

Fees collectable from Branch Affiliates 12.00 

Rebates — remittance due from headquarters. . . 33.00 

$1,254.64 



Liabilities 
Expenses — speaker, meeting Dec. 1924 (approx- 
imate) $ 15.00 

Sundry expenses 3.00 18.00 

Net value of assets at Dec. 31st, 1924 $1,236.64 

Net value of assets at Dec. 31st, 1923 1,207.60 

Increase in value of assets 29.04 

Revenue and Expenditures 
Expenditures 

Expenses meeting and speakers $ 91.94 

Stenographic services 19.90 

Printing and miscellaneous expenses 198.50 

Purchase of bonds 206.27 

Revenue $ 516.61 

Interest on bonds and savings $ 52.27 

Rebates 246.45 

Branch news 58.32 

Branch Affiliates 33.00 

$ 390.04 

$ 126.57 

Bank balance at December 31st, 1923 $ 311.98 

Bank balance at December 31st, 1924 152.41 

$ 159.57 
Amount of rebates due, as per wire of general 

secretary dated Dec. 31st, 1924 33.00 



Audited and found correct, January 5th, 1925. $ 126.57 

H. R. Carscallen, a.m.e.i.c, \ Au i itnr . 
W. St. J. Miller, a.m.e.i.c, J Auauors - 
Respectfully submitted, 

R. S. Trowsdale, a.m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

G. P. F. Boese, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Cape Breton Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee of the Cape Breton Branch 
we beg to submit the following report on the activities of the branch 
during the year ending December 9th, 1924. 

The following officers were elected by letter ballot on December 
11th, 1923: 

Chairman — Horace Longley, m.e.i.c 

Committeemen — A. Dawes, m.e.i.c 

J. R. Morrison, a.m.e.i.c 

At an executive meeting held in September, Mr. Longley resigned 
the position of chairman, and the executive appointed S. C. Mifflen, 
a.m.e.i.c, in his place; W. E. Clarke, M.E.I.C, being appointed to take 
Mr. Mifflen's place on the committee. Geo. Morrison, a.m.e.i.c, was 
also appointed a member of the executive to replace Mr. Dawes, who 
was leaving Cape Breton. 

Owing to the continued industrial depression in this district, our 
membership has shown a slight falling off during the year, several of 
our members having left the city. The number of members last year 
was forty-two, it is now thirty-eight, with four applications pending. 
In addition to this there are forty-four non-resident members. Several 
of our members have been out of work for some time, and the executive 
instructed the secretary to cancel the arrears for branch dues owed by 
them, and to notify them that they would be exempt from local dues 
until again becoming employed. Five members were affected by this, 
the total amount cancelled being forty-seven dollars. In addition to 
this the arrears now outstanding amount to . sixty-six dollars, not 
including the dues for the current quarter. In order that we may 
carry on without the assistance of the unemployed members, it will be 
necessary for all others to pay up regularly. If all paid up each quarter, 
the question of reducing the local dues could be seriously considered. 

Financially we are in a somewhat better position than last year. 
This is principally due to the fact that headquarters is now paying the 
branches a rebate from the dues of members of the branch districts, and 
also to a donation of thirty dollars and ninety-five cents from the exe- 
cutive of the Engineering Society of the Dominion Iron and Steel 
Company employees, which was in existence here a few years ago. 

Meetings 

The following meetings were held during the year: 
1923 
Dec. 11 — Annual meeting. 

1924 
Jan. 7 — "The Application of Alternating Current to the Mining 

Industry," by Geo. Morrison, a.m.e.i.c 
Feb. 6 — "Ice Formation and Prevention, "by Dr. Howard T. 

Barnes. (Public meeting). 
Mar. 11 — "Mine Ventilation," by A. L. Hay, A.M.E.I.C. 
April 29 — "Research in Industry," by Dr. Bigelow. 
May 13 — "Compressed Air", by J. P. Cotter. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



59 



May 27 — "Our Interest as Engineers in Depreciation," by F. A. 

Bowman, M.E.I.C. 
Sept. 23 — "Mechanical Cutting, Loading, and Hauling in Coal 

Mines," by S. W. Farnham. 
Oct. 21 — "The Manufacture of Carbide," by M. W. Booth, A.M.E.I.C. 
Nov. 19 — Dinner at Vidal hotel and address on the "British Empire 

Exhibition," by Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, secretary of 

The Institute. 

Financial Statement 

Following is the financial statement: 
On hand, Dec. 10th, 1923 $ 92.97 

Receipts 
Rebates from headquarters for branch dues and 

branch news used in The Journal 147.87 

Local dues 234.00 

Donation from D. I. & S. Co. Engineering Society . . . 30.95 

Surplus from dance held last year 1.55 

Total $507.34 

ExtycyiditttTcs 

Rent for one year, to Jan. 31st, 1925 $180.00 

Printing and advertising 49.55 

Postage, telegrams, long distance calls, etc 13.49 

Flowers 28.00 

Expenses in connection with Dr. Barnes visit 31.45 

Deficit on dinner at Vidal hotel 12.15 

— ■ $314.64 

Showing a balance on hand of $192.70 

Respectfully submitted, 

Sydney C. Mifflen, a.m.e.i.c, Chairman. 
Donald W. J. Brown, jr.E.i.c, Secretary. 

Edmonton Branch 

The President and Council, 

We beg to submit, below, our annual report, covering the activities 
of the Edmonton Branch for the calendar year 1924. 

Meetings 

Five general meetings have been held as follows: — 
Feb. 14 — A. W. Haddow, a.m.e.i.c, city engineer, Edmonton, spoke 

on the subject of "The Proposed Pigeon Lake Water 

Supply Scheme." 
Mar. 20 — F. Morrison, professor of applied mechanics, University of 

Alberta, read a paper on "Concrete, Some Results of 

Recent Research Work on Local Materials." 
April 17 — A dinner meeting. General business only was transacted, 

including nomination of committee for drawing up officers' 

ballot for ensuing branch year. 
Oct. 11 — Colonel Boyden, of the Portland Cement Association. 

addressed the membership. 
Dec. 12 — A. Chard, Alberta provincial freight and traffic supervisor 

informed a large audience on the topic of "Freight Rates." 

In addition to the above general meetings the following functions 

were held: — 

Jan. 16 — A smoker was held, in conjunction with the Northern Alberta 
branch of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metal- 
lurgy. To this entertainment the engineering students 
of the University of Alberta were invited. 

Sept. 29 — A special meeting and banquet was arranged for the purpose 
of entertaining our vice-president, Major Geo. A. Walkem 
m.e.i.c, of Vancouver. Major Walkem \s visit, for the 
purpose of presenting to this Branch its Charter, was much 
appreciated. 

General 

During the year: — 

(a) The Executive Committee have met on seven occasions. 

(b) All volumes of engineering works, etc., the property of the branch, 
have been located in the Edmonton Municipal Library, where they 
are accessible to the membership. 

(c) All employing engineers in Northern Alberta, provincial cabinet 
ministers and executive heads, have been circularized and made 
acquainted with the report on "Classification, Remuneration and 
Tariff of Fees of Engineers", as published in The Engineering Journal 
in October 1923. 

(d) The informal meeting with General Secretary, Fraser S. Keith, 
m.e.i.c, on April 1st, was attended by the full executive member- 
ship and his visit, although necessarily short, was appreciated. 

(e) The admittance of Branch Affiliates has been made possible by the 
adoption and authorization of a by-law covering this need. 



Membership 

A comparison of the branch membership is as follows: 

1923. 1924. 

Branch Branch 

Branch Non- Branch Non- 
Residents Residents Residents Residents 

Members 11 1 14 2 

Associate Members,... 42 7 47 8 

Juniors 3 1 5 1 

Students 4 1 7 2 

Branch Affiliates — — 

Total 70 87 

The demise of President W. J. Francis on March 6th, was regretted 
by all members. 

Financial Statement 
For Calender Year, 1924. 

Balance on hand Jan. 1st, 1924 $ 59.50 

Rebates, Jan., Feb., Mar 65.40 

Rebates Apr., May, June, July 19.50 

Rebates, Aug., Sept., Oct., 16.05 

Rebates, Nov., Dec 21.15 

Branch news during the year 12.93 

Branch Affiliates dues 5.00 

$199.53 

Total disbursements $136.68 

Balance at December 31st, 1924 62.85 

$199.53 

Respectfully submitted, 

Kells Hall, a.m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

W. R. Mount, a.m.e.i.c. Secretary-Treasurer. 

Halifax Branch 

The President and Council, 

The Executive Committee of the Halifax Branch for the year 1924 
respectfully submits this report of the activities of the branch. 

Much pleasure is taken in calling your attention to a growing 
interest in the affairs of this branch which is evidenced by increased 
attendance at the meetings and by the fact that nearly ninety per cent 
of the members in the city of Halifax exercised their franchise by voting 
in the election of the officers of the branch for 1925. 

The total membership of the branch has increased from 145 to 152. 
The increase is caused by the addition of one Junior and six Students. 
The number of corporate members stands as in 1924. 

The practice of appointing an entertainment committee chairman, 
who chooses his own committee members, to arrange special entertain- 
ment, such as readings, songs, music, decoration, etc., for the next 
meeting has thus far proven a very desirable thing. These committees 
are finding a great deal of entertaining talent among our members and 
among the students in the technical schools of the universities in 
Halifax. 

We are grateful for your continued thoughtfulness of our welfare 
as evidenced from time to time by such things as your permitting the 
general secretary, F. S. Keith, m.e.i.c, to visit us in November last. 
C. H. Wright, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 
K. L. Dawson, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Meetings 

During the year 1924 this branch has held eight meetings as 

follows: 

Jan. 17 — Regular monthly meeting held in the gymnasium of the 
Nova Scotia Technical College, C. H. Wright, M.E.I.C, 
was chairman. H. G. Acres, m.e.i.c, vice-president of 
The Engineering Institute of Canada, and chief hydraulic 
engineer of the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of the 
province of Ontario, described the "Chippawa-Queens- 
ton Power Development," using many slides and two 
reels of films. Attendance 150. The Honorable E. H. 
Armstrong, premier of Nova Scotia, was a welcome visitor. 

Feb. 7 — Regular monthly meeting held at the Green Lantern, Chair- 
man C. H. Wright, m.e.i.c, in the chair. Supper meeting. 
Speaker, F. A. Bowman, m.e.i.c Subject, "Our Interest 
as Engineers in Depreciation". Entertainment Com- 
mittee, W. J. De Wolfe, a.m.e.i.c, chairman, W. P. Copp, 
a.m.e.i.c, and R. L. Nixon, a.m.e.i.c Orchestra of 
students from Dalhousie University and songs from J. A. 
Johanson, S.E.I. c. Among the guests were R. T. Mcllreith 
of the Board of Commissioners of the Public Utilities of 
Nova Scotia and A. J. Barnes. Attendance 40. 

Feb. 8 — Special joint meeting of the Halifax Branch of The Engineer- 
ing Institute of Canada and the Nova Scotian Institute 
of Science in the Assembly Hall of Nova Scotia Technical 
College. Joint chairmen, Professor F. R. Faulkner, 
m.e.i.c, and Professor H. L. Bronson, Ph.D. Speaker, 
Professor Howard T. Barnes, D.Sc, f.r.s. Subject, 
"The Formation and Prevention of Ice". Attendance 75. 



60 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Mar. 6 — Regular monthly meeting held in the Green Lantern, Chair- 
man C. H. Wright, M.E.i.c, in the chair. Speaker, Gor- 
don S. Stairs, A.M.E.I.C, town manager of Wolfville, N. S. 
Subject, "Town Management". Beginning at 7 o'clock, 
this meeting was open to the public. Among those who 
took advantage of this were Mayor Mosher of Dartmouth, 
Robert Stanford, chairman of the Dartmouth Board of 
Trade, George A. Orman, secretary of the Dartmouth 
Board of Trade, J. W. Douglas, manager of the Dart- 
mouth Branch of the Royal Bank of Canada. At the 
close of the address all these gentlemen joined in the dis- 
cussion. Present 55. E. M. Archibald, a.m.e.i.c, was 
chairman of the Entertainment Committee and the 
singing was led by the students' orchestra, Nova Scotia 
Technical College. 

April 3 — RegularmonthlymeetingheldintheGreenLantem. Chairman 
C. H. Wright, m.e.i.c, in the chair. Speaker, J. T. Farmer, 
M.E.i.c, immediate past-chairman of the Montreal Branch, 
chairman of the fuel committee of the Montreal Branch 
and member of the fuel committee of The Institute. 
Subject, "Fuels and Furnaces". At the close there 
was a discussion of various types of fuels obtainable in 
the local market. Entertainment Committee chairman, 
S. W. Gray, a.m.e.i.c Vocal and instrumental solos and 
readings by H. H. Schurman, s.e.i.c, W. E. Davison, 
K. C. Mason and W. F. McCulloch. Present 45. 

Oct. 16 — Regular monthly meeting held in the Green Lantern. Vice- 
Chairman W. F. McKnight, a.m.e.i.c, in the chair. H. S. 
Johnston, M.E.I.C, described the "Electric Power Dev- 
elopments on the East River at Sheet Harbour". 
Appointments of committees for nominations and annual 
meeting. Present 31. 

Nov. 17 — Regular monthly meeting held in the Green Lantern. Chair- 
man C. H. Wright, m.e.i.c, in the chair. F. A. Bowman, 
m.e.i.c, vice-president of the Institute for the maritime 
provinces, presented the branch charter. Presentation 
of illuminated address and loving cup to J. B. Hayes, 
a.m.e.i.c At 8 o'clock the meeting adjourned to convene 
as soon as possible in the lecture hall of the Church of 
England Institute for the purpose of hearing a lecture on 
"The Wembley Exhibition," by Fraser S. Keith, 
m.e.i.c, general secretary of The Institute and delegate 
to the World Power Conference at Wembley. Attendance 50. 

Dec. 18 — Annual meeting and dinner in the St. Julien room of the 
Halifax hotel. Honorable E. H. Armstrong, premier of 
the province, was a special guest and gave a short address. 
The speaker of the evening was Professor H. F. Munro, 
of Dalhousie University, a recognized authority on inter- 
national law, and the subject "Engineers and World 
Peace". Chairman of committee in charge, Major 
H. W. L. Doane, m.e.i.c Singing of new songs led by 
the composer, F. R. Faulkner, m.e.i.c Prize in special 
stunt competition won by C. Macintosh, S.E.I.C Chair- 
man of the meeting, C. H. Wright, m.e.i.c Attendance 90. 

Membership 

The membership of the Halifax Branch now stands as follows: — 

Branch Branch 

Residents Non-Residents Total 

Honorary Members 1 — 1 

Members 21 13 34 

Associate Members 42 34 76 

Juniors 8 7 15 

Students 12 14 26 



Total . 



84 



68 



152 



Financial Statement 



Receipts 

Rebates $172.50 

Branch news 36.53 

Meetings 216.00 

Dues — Branch affiliates 15.00 

Bank interest 8.63 



$448.66 
On hand January 1st, 1924 120.66 



Expenditures 

Postage $ 23.96 

Meetings 354.95 

Printing 68.35 

Journal subscriptions, Branch Affiliates 6.10 

Honorarium to secretary 50.00 

Miscellaneous 6.60 



$569.32 



$509.96 



Cash on hand and in bank 49.36 

Due from headquarters 10.00 

59.36 

Respectfully submitted, $569.32 

C. H. Wright, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 
K. L. Dawson, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Hamilton Branch 

The President and Council, 

The Executive Committee of the Hamilton Branch submits the 
following report for the year 1924. 

The branch year dates from June 1st. The following compose the 
executive committees during 1924. 

January to June June to December 

H. U. Hart, m.e.i.c Hon. Chairman. 

J. W. Tyrrell, M.E.I.C Chairman J. J. MacKay, M.E.I.C. 

W. G. Milne, a.m.e.i.c . ..Vice-Chair. . .C. H. Marrs, m.e.i.c 
W. F. McLaren, m.e.i.c... Sec.-Treas. . H. B. Stuart, a.m.e.i.c 
J. J. MacKay, m.e.i.c, (1 yr.) F. P. Adams, m.e.i.c (1 yr.) 

C. H. Marrs, m.e.i.c (1 yr.) C. J. Nicholson, a.m.e.i.c (1 yr.) 

F. P. Adams, m.e.i.c (2 yrs) W.L. McFaul, a.m.e.i.c (2yrs.) 

C.J.Nicholson, a.m.e.i.c (2 yrs) L. W. Gill, m.e.i.c (2 yrs.) 

Ex-officio 

F. W. Paulin, m.e.i.c R. K. Palmer, m.e.i.c 

Members emeriti (Councillor) 

J. W. Tyrrell, m.e.i.c W. F. McLaren, m.e.i.c 

(Past Chairman) (Past Sec.-Treas.) 

Meetings 

Jan. 18 — -The out of town members entertained the Hamilton members 
at Brantford. Prof. P. Gillespie, m.e.i.c, of the University 
of Toronto, gave an address, illustrated with lantern 
slides on "Engineering Achievements in Canada in 
the Last Half Century". This was followed by solos, 
a comedy skit and refreshments. 

Attendance 70 of which about one-half came from 
Hamilton. 

Feb. 14 — "Asphalt Paving" by Germain P. Graham of the Asphalt 
Association of New York, illustrated by lantern slides. 
A presentation was made to J. R. Dunbar, Jr.E.l.c, 
winner of the Students' prize. 
Attendance 75 including Mayor Jutten. 

Feb. 27 — Joint banquet with Canadian section of the American Water- 
works Association presided over by F. A. Dallyn, M.E.I.C, 
chairman of the Canadian section, A.W.A. The guest 
of honour, George W. Fuller, m.e.i.c, of New York, chair- 
man of the American Waterworks Association addressed 
the meeting on "Water Purification". Some 15 mem- 
bers of this branch were present. 

Mar. 28 — Joint meeting in Hamilton with Toronto section, American 
Institute of Electrical Engineers. J. F. Peters, electrical 
engineer from the Westinghouse Company in East Pitts- 
burg addressed the meeting on "The Klydonograph and 
its application to Research Work on Transmission 
Lines". The discussion was animated. The Westing- 
house Company furnished cigars and refreshments. 
Attendance 150. 

May 15— Annual meeting. The result of the voting for the new 
executive was reported. The retiring secretary, W. F. 
McLaren, m.e.i.c, was presented with a Member's badge 
in appreciation of his 3 years' service. William H. Breith- 
aupt, M.E.I.C, of Kitchener, addressed the meeting on 
"Grand River Conservation and Development". 
Attendance 60. 

Dec. 11 — Lecture in Technical School auditorium by D. M. Strickland, 
manager development department, American Rolling 
Mill Co. on "Modern Rolling Mill Operation" illustrat- 
ed by moving pictures. The meeting was open to the 
public and was well patronized by those connected with 
similar and allied industries. Attendance 200. 

Membership 

December 31st, 1923 December 31st, 1924 

Branch Branch Branch Branch 

Res. Non-Res. Total Res. Non-Res. Total 

21 3 24 ...Members 20 4 24 

59 12 71 Associate Members 52 12 64 

13 2 15 Juniors 12 1 13 

33 17 50 Students 30 16 46 

37 37 . Branch Affiliates . . 33 33 

163 34 197 147 33 180 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



61 



Financial Statement 

Receipts 

On hand January 1st, 1924 $362.84 

Rebates 241.05 

Branch news 17.37 

Brantford Party 7.76 

Journal subscriptions 6.00 

Affiliate fees 30.00 

Miscellaneous -82 

$665.84 

Expenditures 

Printing $ 84.83 

Stenographer 50.00 

Journal subscriptions 8.00 

Exchange -50 

Postage and excise 7.53 

Telegrams -78 

Meeting expenses 29.00 

Miscellaneous 7.40 

On hand 31st, January 1924 477.80 

$665.84 

Respectfully submitted. 

H. B. Stuart, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 
J. J. MacKay, a.m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

Kingston Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee of the Kingston Branch, we 
beg to submit the following report of the activities of the branch, from 
January 1st, 1924, to December 31st, 1924. 

Meetings 

Meetings were held at intervals of approximately two weeks during 
the first three and the last three months of the year. A large 
percentage of our membership is from the staff and students of the 
science faculty of Queen's University, and since practically all of these 
members are absent from the city during the summer months, it is 
found inadvisable to attempt meetings during this period. The 
attendance, on the whole, has been very good and quite satisfactory 
to the executive. An attempt is now being made to add a social side 
to the meetings, as well as the purely technical, in the hope that this 
procedure may even more greatly increase the interest. 

Ten meetings were held during the year, the list of which is as 
follows: — 
Jan. 15 — -"Radio — ■ Its Principles and Recent Developments," 

D. G. Geiger, s.e.i.c, of Queen's University, Kingston. 
Jan. 28— "Water Supplies," Prof. W. P. Mason, of the Rensselaer 

Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N. Y. 
Feb. 18 — "The Fuel Problem in Ontario," James White, M.E.I.C., 

Chairman of the former Conservation Commission of 

Canada. 
Mar. 6 — "The Construction of a Modern Hydraulic Power 

Plant," Julian C. Smith, M.E.I.C. 
Mar. 25 — Annual dinner. Special speaker, Dean O. Skelton on "Econ- 
omic Conditions in Europe". 
Oct. 14 "Railway Construction in India," A. Austin of the 

Indian State Railways. 
Oct. 28 — Annual business meeting. — Election of officers and executive 

for the following year. 
Nov. 4 Special meeting, — addressed by Hammett P. Hill, K.C., 

of Ottawa on the "Construction and Story of the 

Rideau Canal". 
Nov. 19 — "Mountaineering," Capt. H. Westmorland, member 

of the Alpine Club and Alpine Club of Canada. 
Dec. 4 — "The History and Construction of the Jock Harty 

Arena," Messrs. M. B. Baker, G. McLachlan, L. F. 

Grant, a.m.e.i.c, L. M. Arkley, m.e.i.c, W. P. Wilgar, 

M.E.I.C 

Membership 

The approximate membership of the branch is as follows: — 

Honorary Member 1 

Members 11 

Associate Members 21 

Juniors 4 

Students 24 

Affiliates 1 

Total 62 



The executives of the branch holding office during the parts of the 
two years covered by this report were as follows: — 

1923-1924 1924-1925 

T. A. McGinnis, M.E.I.C Chairman . . . . L. F. Grant, a.m.e.i.c 

Col. T. V. Anderson, m.e.i.c Vice-Chair . R. J. McClelland, a.m.e.i.c 

A. Jackson, a.m.e.i.c Sec.-Treas . G. J. Smith, a.m.e.i.c 

Maj. G. R. Turner, A.M.E.l.c.Executive . G. C. Wright, m.e.i.c. 
R. J. McClelland, a.m.e.i.c J. M. Campbell, m.e.i.c 

W. Casey, m.e.i.c W. P. Wilgar, m.e.i.c 

Financial Statement 

The following is a financial statement for the year 1924: 

Receipts 

Jan. 1 Balance brought forward ." $ 91.63 

Jan. 1 Bank interest .19 

Mar. 25 Dinner collections 45.00 

May 23 Rebates on fees 60.90 

May 23 Branch news 10.71 

June 30 Bank interest .83 

Oct. 8 Rebates on fees 13.80 

Oct. 29 Bank interest .76 

Dec. 1 1 Rebates on fees 9.60 

Dec. 11 Branch news 3.28 

Dec. 31 Bank interest .31 

Dec. 31 Accounts receivable, rebates on fees 7.80 

Dec. 31 Accounts receivable, Branch news 8.95 

$253.76 
Disbursements 

Feb. 13 Expenses — Dr. Mason $ 26.11 

Feb. 18 Services janitor of building 2.00 

Feb. 28 Taxi hire — Mr. James White 3.50 

Mar. 7 Services janitor of building 4.00 

Mar. 21 Expenses — Col. MacPhail annual meeting 10.00 

Mar. 25 Annual dinner 57.30 

Oct. 28 Stamps and stationery to date 8.26 

Oct. 29 Secretary's honorarium 50.00 

Dec. 31 Accounts payable — stamps and Station- 
ery to date 2.83 

Dec. 31 Accounts payable — printing to date 3.62 

Dec. 31 Balance carried forward 86.14 

$253.76 
All of which is respectfully submitted, 

LeRoY F. Grant, a.m.e.i.c, Chairman. 
Gordon J. Smith, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Lakehead Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee I beg to submit the following 
annual report of the Lakehead Branch of The Engineering Institute oj 
Canada. 

Membership 

On January 1st, 1924, there were 37 corporate members and 8 
non-corporate members, and on December 31st, 1924, there are 40 
corporate members and 14 non-corporate members, showing an increase 
during the year of 3 corporate and 6 non-corporate members. 

Meetings 

Regular meetings were held in January, February, March, April, 
and December, and special meetings as follows:— 
Mar. 3— A dinner was held at the Shuniah Club in honour of Fraser 
S. Keith, m.e.i.c, general secretary of The Institute, 
whose visit is always looked forward to with the keenest 
pleasure by the members of the Lakehead Branch. 
May 5 — A special meeting was held to hear Col. H. J. Lamb.M.E.i.c, 
of Toronto, speak on "The Great Lakes and Some 
Structures Thereon." Col. Lamb's address, illustrated 
by lantern slides, was greatly appreciated by all present. 
Oct. 18— The BIG EVENT of the life of the Lakehead Branch was 
held in the form of a dinner in the Shuniah Club, when the 
branch had as its guest of honour Major Geo. A. Walkem, 
M.E.I.C, vice-president of The Institute, who on this 
occasion presented the charter from headquarters to the 
Lakehead Branch. 
As in other years no meetings were held during the summer months. 
The result of the ballot for officers of the branch for the ensuing 
year resulted as follows: — 

Chairman — H. S. Hancock, a.m.e.i.c 
Vice-Chairman — H. M. Lewis, a.m.e.i.c 
Secretary-Treasurer — Geo. P. Brophy, a.m.e.i.c 
Executive Committee — Geo. Blanchard, a.m.e.i.c 
A. G. Jeffreys, M.E.I.C 
M. W. Turner, a.m.e.i.c 
H. G. O'Leary, A.M.E.I.C 



62 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Since the above were elected, Mr. Jeffreys moved to Montreal and 
so sent in his resignation as a member of the executive. At the meeting 
held December 17th, 1924, M. W. Jennings, A.M.E.I.C, was elected to 
replace Mr. Jeffreys. 

Financial Statement 
Revenue 

Balance in bank, Dec. 31st, 1923 $ 72.24 

Rebates on fees 74.10 

Rebates due from headquarters 4.80 

Dinner, March 3, 1924 29.00 

Dinner, Oct. 18, 1924 13.00 

$193.14 

Expenditure 

Telegrams $ 2.19 

Postage 7.50 

Exchange on cheques .45 

Sundries 13.94 

Printing 2.65 

Dinner, March 3, 1924 37.00 

Dinner, Oct. 18, 1924 31.45 

Balance in bank, Dec. 31, 1924 97.46 

Cash on hand .50 

$193.14 

Respectfully submitted, 

Geo. P. Brophy, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Lethbridge Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee of the Lethbridge Branch, 
we beg to submit the following report for the year ending December 
31st, 1924. 

At the annual meeting of March 15th, 1924, the following officers 
were elected: — 

Chairman .John Dow, M.E.I. C, 

Sec. -Treasurer George S. Brown, a.m.e.i.c, 

Executive H. R. Miles, m.e.i.c, 

P. M. Sauder, m.e.i.c, 

Ex-Officio S. G. Porter, m.e.i.c, 

G. N. Houston, M.E.I.C, 
H. P. Keith, a.m.e.i.c 
J. H. Turner, m.e.i.c, was subsequently appointed a member in 
place of H. P. Keith, a.m.e.i.c, who removed to the Edmonton district. 

Meetings 

The executive held six meetings with an average attendance of six. 
Eleven general meetings were held at which the attendance averaged 
forty. The following is a list of the meetings: 
Jan. 12 — "Fire Protection, Fire Fighting and First Aid," by 

Fire Chief Hardy of the Lethbridge Fire Department. 
Jan. 26 — "Notes on Mining in Alberta," by J. H. Turner, m.e.i.c 
Feb. 9 — "Radio," by W. Mason, wire chief, Alberta Government 

Telephones. 
Feb. 23 — "The Deterioration and Preservative Treatment of 

Timber," by A. S. Dawson, m.e.i.c 
Mar. 15 — "Aerial Photography," by George Davies, manager, 

Lethbridge Iron Works. 
April 3 — "Institute Affairs," by Fraser S. Keith, M.E.I.C 
Sep. 30 — "Institute Affairs and The Engineer as a Public Man," 

by Major Geo. A. Walkem, m.e.i.c . 
Oct. 14— "Field Control of Concrete," by Col. H. C. Boyden, 

(Illustrated). 
Nov. 7— "Personal Experiences as a Member of the Second 

Peary North Pole Expedition," (Illustrated), by 

J. Davidson, Calgary, Alberta. 
Nov. 22 — "Dairy Industry," by D. P. Carlyle, manager, Crystal 

Dairy, Lethbridge, Alta. 
Dec. 20— "The Social Scientific Century," by Dean R. W. Boyle, 

m.e.i.c, Alberta University, Edmonton, Alberta. 

Membership 

The membership of the branch is as follows: — 

Branch Branch 

Residents Non-residents Total 

Members 8 — 8 

Associate Members 15 11 26 

Juniors 1 1 2 

Students 2 2 4 

Institute Affiliates 1 — 1' 

Branch Affiliates 38 38 

Total 65 14 79 



Financial Statement 

Trial Balance as at March 13th, 1924, (end of branch year). 

Dr. Cr. 

General fund — $227.38 

Bank $133.88 — 

Cash — — 

Membership accounts 123.50 — 

Institute Journal — 30.00 

$257.38 $257.38 

Receipts 

Cash in bank, March 11th, 1923 $113.98 

Rebates on members 72.00 

Affiliate dues 136.00 

Branch news 13.89 

Bank interest 62.69 

$338.56 

Disbursements 

Printing 44.67 

Sundries 86.71 

Institute Journal 23.30 

Advance repaid headquarters 50.00 

$204.68 
Cash in bank 163.88 

$38.56 

A s ^pt s 

Cash in bank $133.88 

Rebate on 8 Members 20.00 

Rebate on 18 Associate Members 36.00 

Rebate on 1 Institute Affiliate 3.25 

Rebate on 2 Juniors 2.00 

Rebate on 1 Student .25 

Branch Affiliate dues 62.00 

$257.38 

Liabilities 

Subscription for Branch Affiliate to Journals $ 30.00 

We have examined the vouchers and papers of the Lethbridge 
Branch, The Engineering Institute of Canada, also statement drawn up 
by G. S. Brown, a.m.e.i.c, secretary-treasurer, and find same to be a 
correct and a true account of the standing of the branch. 

G. H. Dunning, 
C. J. Broderick, 

Auditors. 
Financial Statement, December 31st, 1924. 
Receipts 

Cash in bank March 15th, 1924 $133.88 

Rebates and Affiliate fees 115.13 

Branch news 26.34 

$275.35 

Disbursements 

Journal subscriptions from Affiliates $ 40.15 

Printing and advertising 23.39 

Sundries, (branch meetings, room rent, etc) 79.23 

$142.77 
Cash in bank, Dec. 31st, 1924 132.58 

$275.35 

A *»^W*r 

Cash in bank, Dec. 31st, 1924 $132.58 

Rebates as per wire from headquarters Dec. 31st 

1924 12.60 

Liabilities $145.18 

Accounts payable $ 24.08 

Institute Journal 10.00 

Respectfully submitted, $ 34 - 08 

John Dow, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

George S. Brown, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

London Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee of the London Branch, we 
beg to submit the following report for the year ending December 31st, 
1924. 

Seven executive, nine regular and one special meetings were held 
during the year. Meetings which were of popular interest were open 
and were well attended by the general public. 
Membership 

1923 1924 

Members 13 15 

Associate Members 34 33 

Juniors 12 6 

Students 21 26 

80 80 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



63 



Financial Statement 

Receipts 

Balance in bank Jan. 1st, 1924 $ 18.25 

Donations 2.00 

Rebates from headquarters (dues, Branch news) 126.05 

Receipts from annual dinner 29.75 

Bank interest .83 

Rebates due from headquarters 11.40 

$188.28 

Expenditures 

Notices 9.29 

Printing 4.49 

Postage 18.49 

Telegrams 2.07 

Telephone .60 

Janitor's services 5.00 

Rental of auditorium, Dec. 18th 3.00 

Entertaining guests 25.75 

Express charges 3.00 

Expenses of out of town speakers '. 27.44 

Cigars (annual dinner) 5.41 

Annual dinner 30.00 

Moving picture machine rental 10.00 

Sundries 2.75 

147.29 

Balance in bank 29.59 

Rebates due from headquarters 11.40 

$188.28 

Balance in bank $29.59 

Rebates due from headquarters 11.40 

Bills payable (est'd) 2^00 

Net credit as at Dec. 31st, 1924 $ 38.99 

We have examined the above statement prepared by the secretary 
and find same to be a correct and true account of the standing of the 
branch. 

Alfred J. Stevens, m.e.i.c.,) 

W. M. Veitch, a.m.e.i.c, / Auditors. 

Respectfully submitted, 
E. V. Buchanan, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 
E. A. Gray, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Moncton Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee we beg to submit the fifth 
annual report of Moncton Branch. 

The Executive Committee held six meetings during the year and 
transacted a considerable amount of business. There were ten meetings 
of the branch held, five of which were supper-meetings and one at 
Mount Allison University, Sackville, N. B. Two of our meetings 
were open to the public and at one of these Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, 
the genial and efficient secretary of The Institute was present and gave 
a splendid address on the Wembley Exhibition, illustrated with lantern 
slides; another pleasing feature of this meeting was the presentation of 
the charter to Moncton Branch by Vice-President F. A. Bowman, 
m.e.i.c, of Halifax. 

Membership 
Our membership at present consists of 80 members, comprised as 
follows:— Branch Branch T . . 

Residents Non-residents 

Members 11 2 13 

Associate Members 23 9 32 

Juniors 5 4 9 

Students 23 2 25 

Affiliates 1 — 1 



63 



17 



80 



Officers 

The annual meeting of the branch was held on May 15th, and the 
following officers were elected for 1924-1925. 
Chairman, — F. O. Condon, m.e.i.c 
Vice-Chairman, — C. S. G. Rogers, a.m.e.i.c 
Secretary-Treasurer, — M. J. Murphy, a.m.e.i.c 
Executive Committee, — F. B. Fripp, a.m.e.i.c, 

G. C. Torrens, A.M.E.I.C, 
G. E. Smith, a.m.e.i.c 
The following members of the Executive Committee hold office for 
another year: — 

H. J. Crudge, a.m.e.i.c, 

E. G. Evans, m.e.i.c, 

J. D. McBeath, m.e.i.c, 

W. B. MacKenzie, m.e.i.c, ex-officio. 



Financial Statement 
The financial statement for the year ending December 31st, 1924, 
is as follows: — Revenue 

Balance in bank Jan. 1st, 1924 $107.14 

Rebates on dues and Branch news 150.79 

Tickets sold for supper-meetings 94.25 

Bank interest 2.39 

$354.57 

Rebates due from headquarters 15.00 

Expenditures $369.57 

Postage $ 5.00 

Expenses of meetings 152.89 

Printing 36.26 

Telegrams and telephone 3.12 

Miscellaneous 10.63 

Total $207.90 

Balance in bank 146.67 

$354.57 

Rebates due from headquarters 15.00 

Respectfully submitted, $369.57 

Fred. Condon, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

M. J. Murphy, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Montreal Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee we beg to submit the 
annual report of the Montreal Branch for the year ending December 
1924. 

The personnel of the Executive Committee during the past year 
was as follows: — 

Chairman, O. O. Lefebvre, m.e.i.c, Vite-Chairman, J. L. Busfield, 
m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer, E. A. Ryan, a.m.e.i.c, Past-Chairman, 
J. T. Farmer, m.e.i.c, Executive, A. C. Tagge, m.e.i.c, F. A. Combe, 
M.E.I.C, D. C. Tennant, m.e.i.c, W.C. Adams, m.e.i.c, P.S. Gregory, 
a.m.e.i.c, C. V. Christie, a.m.e.i.c, Ex-officio, Frederick B. Brown, 
m.e.i.c, *Walter J. Francis, m.e.i.c, J. A. Duchastel, m.e.i.c, Geo. R. 
MacLeod, m.e.i.c, Chas. M. McKergow, m.e.i.c, J. M. R. Fairbairn, 
m.e.i.c, R.A.Ross, m.e.i.c, F. P. Shearwood, m.e.i.c, Arthur Surveyer, 
m.e.i.c, J. B. Challies, m.e.i.c, (Nov. and Dec.) 

♦Deceased March 6th, 1924. 

It is with sincere sorrow that we record the death of the late 
Walter J. Francis, m.e.i.c, president of The Institute, and founder and 
first chairman of the Montreal Branch, who for nearly twenty-eight 
years took a leading part in Institute affairs and contributed much to 
its progress. His great ability and energies were unstintingly given, 
and his loss is severely felt by all with whom he was associated. 

Another loss sustained by this branch occurred in the passing 
away of our highly esteemed honorary member, Baron Shaughnessy. 
His life work in connection with the up-building of this country and 
particularly in connection with great works of engineering and tran- 
sportation will always remain a magnificent monument to his genius. 

With a view to promoting a closer co-operation between the 
Executive Committee and the Papers and Meetings Committee, a 
policy of choosing as chairman of the latter committee one of the 
members of the executive, was adopted, and the results have proven 
this policy to be highly satisfactory. The various committees of the 
branch are as follows: — 

Papers and Meetings Committee Industrial Section 

Chairman W. C. Adams, m.e.i.c A. F. Hanly, a.m.e.i.c 

Vice-Chairman J. S. Cameron, a.m.e.i.c K. G. Cameron, A.M.E.I.C 

Civil Section Railway Section 

Chairman H. Massue, a.m.e.i.c W. Walker, A.M.E.I.C. 

Vice-Chairman J. B. D'Aeth, m.e.i.c J. F. Pringle, A.M.E.I.C 

Electrical Section Municipal Section 

Chairman L. H. Marrotte, m.e.i.c Geo. R. MacLeod, m.e.i.c 

Vice-Chairman G.E.Templeman, a.m.e.i.c F. C. Laberge, m.e.i.c 

Mechanical Section Publicity Committee 

Chairman J. D. Alder, m.e.i.c W. H. Abbott, a.m.e.i.c 

Vice-Chairman J. A. McCrory, a.m.e.i.c E. Prevost, Jr.E.I.C 
Secretary Ex-officio E. A. Ryan, a.m.e.i.c 

Following the precedents of previous years the branch has con- 
tinued its participation in matters of public interest. In this connection 
may be mentioned the question of the Montreal-South Shore bridge, 
for the design and supervision of which Canadian engineers have been 
retained largely as a result, no doubt, of the very strong protests made 
by the Executive Committee of the branch. 

The Branch Fuel Committee, appointed in 1923 to study the fuel 
question as it applies to this city and make recommendations to the 
public, completed its work and published in booklet form a highly 
interesting report on "Fuels and Furnaces for Domestic Heating" which 
was presented before a public meeting of the branch held early in the 
year. 



64 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



The branch has also co-operated with other public bodies in 
giving assistance on a code of building by-laws for the city of Montreal, 
and in urging the appointment of a city planning commission. 

A paper was read before the branch on the "Hudson's Bay Railway 

and Port Nelson", a subject that was very much in the public eye at 

that time. This occasioned a considerable amount of discussion in 

other branches, and drew forth comment in many sections of the country 

by the Press. Owing to the importance of the subject at the time, and 

the vast amount of uncertain information broadcasted from various 

quarters, your executive deemed it wise to afford the members an 

opportunity to discuss the subject at greater length and an evening was 

set aside for the purpose in May. Many notable contributions to the 

hitherto indefinite knowledge of the subject were made on that occasion 

and, owing to the revelations in a carefully prepared discussion by 

J. L. Busfield, m.e.i. c, we decided to draft a resolution to be transmitted 

to the federal government at Ottawa, subject to the approval of the 

Council of The Engineering Institute, which, summarized, is as follows: 

"Whereas there is a strong demand for the completion of the 

Hudson's Bay Railway, — a subject of national interest, — and 

whereas data compiled by members of the Montreal Branch 

of The Engineering Institute of Canada and presented at a meeting 

held in May indicate the project to be economically unsound and 

the practicability doubtful, it is resolved that the data collected 

be forwarded through a delegation to the federal government, 

urging that it be given due consideration and in view of the facts 

presented that a complete investigation of the project be carried 

out to determine whether or not its completion be in the best 

interests of Canada." 

The resolution was duly proposed, and seconded and carried by a 
vote of 94 pro and 6 con, at the aforesaid meeting. It was transmitted 
to Council the following day and in June a reply was received indicating 
that, "it had been noted and no action taken". Your committee at its 
next meeting in August carefully considered this reply and, after a 
lengthy discussion, forwarded another request to Council urging that 
the resolution be given due attention as it was felt that the principles 
Council was endeavouring to enforce "would have a stultifying effect 
on the individual efforts of this and any other branch in regard to 
matters of public interest", and furthermore that this evidence of 
imposing restrictions on local branches, in questions such as this, was 
contrary to an important section of its by-laws which reads, "to en- 
hance the usefulness of the profession to the public." 

This last request failed, as did the former, to obtain any action and 
we were reluctantly obliged to abandon our efforts to give effect to the 
expressed desires of a largely attended representative gathering of this 
Institute. 

Following the request of the required number of members of the 
branch, a municipal section was formed, the first meeting in connection 
with which was held on March twenty-seventh. Since that time 
under the able direction of its first chairman, Geo. R. MacLeod, m.e.i. c, 
it has contributed largely in securing valuable papers for The Institute. 
Under the auspices of the mechanical section of the branch a 
meeting was held in April to which all resident members of the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers, were invited. The purpose of this 
meeting was to discuss ways and means whereby there might be greater 
co-operation between these two bodies in promoting the interests of 
this branch of the profession. A sub-committee was later appointed 
to study and report on this meeting. This committee has since recom- 
mended that a further study be made by the incoming executive. 

There has been a slight increase in the membership for the past 
twelve months indicating that notwithstanding a marked exodus of 
trained men across the border, the popularity of the Montreal Branch 
to young engineers, and those coming from other districts continues 
to be maintained. The enrollment at the present time consists of the 
following:— Branch Branch 

Residents Non-Res. Total Increase 

Honorary Member 1 . . 1 

Members 205 16 221 4 

Associate Members 410 46 456 28 

Juniors 70 13 83 12 

Students 285 30 315 11 

Affiliates 10 10 1 

Branch Affiliates 28 .. 28 11 



1,009 



105 



1,114 



67 



Papers and Meetings Committee 

It would not be practicable, in a report of this sort, to attempt 
to include information as to all points which are of interest in connection 
with our work, although there are some which seem worthy of recording 
here, even though in doing so we reveal the fact that we fell quite short 
of accomplishing all we had hoped to accomplish. 

Soon after our appointment we had a meeting at which we set 
the following marks at which to aim: 

(a) Arrange to have a non-technical paper about once a month 
by a prominent person, on a subject of general engineering 
or national interest, the other papers to get right down to 
technical engineering details. 

Under no circumstances would we attempt to attract members 
to meetings by any other means than high quality papers 
and by means of the press and meeting notice cards, making 



(b) 



the scope of the papers clear. Quality papers are of greater 
importance than a large attendance. 

(c) The chairman for each meeting, also some persons to lead 
in discussion, should be selected well in advance of the meet- 
ing so as to ensure the best results in the conduct of the 
meeting as well as to bring out the best possible discussion. 

(d) We would endeavour to have all papers published in advance, 
so as to aid those selected to lead the discussion in preparing 
for it, as well as to provide copies for members in their seats 
to aid them in following the speaker. 

Your committee feels that these are all good points and that, 
although we did not succeed in accomplishing all we had hoped, we 
believe that we did meet with some success and that future committees 
will probably be able to secure an improvement over what we have 
accomplished along these lines. 

To last year's committee belongs the credit for the meetings held 
during the last half of the 1923-24 season. They are included in the 
following list for the year, however, so as to make it complete. 

Probably the outstanding event of the season, as far as the addresses 
of general interest are concerned, was the talk by Sir Ernest Rutherford 
at a luncheon given under the auspices of The Institute as a whole, 
on September 25th, at the Windsor hotel. Aside from this the papers 
for the year just closed were as follows: 
Jan. 10 — "Some Secondary and Impact Effects in Pony Truss 

Railway Bridges," (illustrated), by Prof. H. M. Mackay, 

m.e.i.c. Attendance 100. 
Jan. 17 — "Test on 43,000-horse power Hydro-Electric Unit, 1 ' 

(illustrated), by W. R. Way, jr.E.i.c. Attendance 89. 
Jan. 24— "Steam Heating," (illustrated), by C. F. Eveleth. 

Attendance 86. 
Jan. 31 — "The Financing of Water Power Projects," by A. J. 

Nesbitt. Attendance 225. 
Feb. 7 — "The Decennial Responsibility of the Engineer," by 

John T. Hackett. Attendance 75. 
Feb. 14 — "The Wonderworld of Color," (illustrated), by Dr. Leo. E. 

Pariseau. Attendance 152. 
Feb. 21 — "Presentation of Report and Public Meeting of the 

Montreal Branch Fuel Committee," (illustrated), by 

F. A. Combe, m.e.i.c. Attendance 105. 
Feb. 28 — "Raising Sunken Ships by Reno System of Submarine 

Tractor and Open Bottom Vertical Submersible 

Pontoons," (illustrated), by W. W. Johnston. Attendance 

110. 
Mar. 6 — "The Cement Industry in Canada," by A. C. Tagge, 

m.e.i.c. (Cancelled because of the death of President 

Francis.) 
Mar. 13 — "The Pulp and Paper Industry," (illustrated), by H. J. 

McLean, a.m.e.i.c. Attendance 107. 
Mar. 20 — "The Lake St. John Power Development," (illustrated), 

by O. O. Lefebvre, m.e.i.c. Attendance 160. 
Mar. 27 — Inauguration of the Municipal Section of Montreal Branch. 

Attendance 74. 
Apr. 3 — "The Hudson Bay Railway and Port Nelson," 

(illustrated), by L. C. Nesham, a.m.e.i.c. Attendance 225. 
Apr. 10 — "Voice Highways in the Making," (illustrated), by 

W. Stanley Vipond, m.e.i.c. Attendance 85. 
Apr. 17 — "Considerations on a Project of Town Planning for 

the Island of Montreal," by S. J. Fortin, M.E.I.C. 

Attendance 85. 
Apr. 24 — "The Engineer in the Nation," by Sir Arthur Currie. 

Attendance 120. 
May 1- — "Practical Issues in Canadian Progress," by Dr. R. C. 

Wallace. 
May 8 — "Discussion on Hudson Bay Railway." Attendance 260. 
Oct. 2 — "Some Impressions from the World Power Conference, ' ' 

by F. B. Brown, m.e.i.c. Attendance 95. 
Oct. 9— "Stability of Dams," (illustrated), by C. L. Cate, A.M.E.I.C. 

Attendance 133. 
Oct. 16 — "Proprietary Asphalt Pavements Covered by Trade 

Names and Patents," by C. A. Mullen, M.E.I.C. 

Attendance 74. 
Oct. 23— "Feed Water Heaters," (illustrated), by J. D. Alder, 

M.E.I.C. Attendance 70. 
Oct. 30— "Steel Rails," by C. B. Bronson. Attendance 110. 
Nov. 6 — "Recent Advancement in the Construction and Opera- 
tion of Grain Elevators," (illustrated), by L. Coke Hill, 

m.e.i.c. Attendance 130. 
Nov. 13 — "The Work of the Quebec Public Service Commission," 

by F. C. Laberge, m.e.i.c. Attendance 57. 
Nov. 20 — "The Canadian Patent Act as Affecting Engineers," 

by Russel Smart, m.e.i.c. Attendance 86. 
Nov. 27— "The New 20,000,000-gallon Reservoir of the Montreal 

Aqueduct," (illustrated), by J. F. Brett, a.m.e.i.c. 

Attendance 103. 
Dec. 4 — "Recent Developments in the Design of Fluid Flow 

Meters," (illustrated), by A. Craigon. Attendance 69. 
Dec. 11 — "Cost of Electric Power," (illustrated), by P. T. Davies, 

Attendance 102. 
Dec. 18 — Annual meeting. 

We have arranged for a programme for the last half of the 1924-25 
season and have turned the same over to the executive. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



65 



In closing we wish to strongly recommend that the various sections 
of the branch actually organize as such. It is our feeling that unless 
this is done, little can be accomplished towards improving our meetings 
over what they have been in the past. 

We wish also to recommend that action be taken by the incoming 
executive to eliminate the overlapping of the committees during the 
last half of the seasons, that is, having a committee function after 
it has lost its official existence. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. C. Adams, m.e.i.c, Chairman, 

Papers and Meetings Committee. 



Financial Statement 

Ordinary: Revenue 

Branch news 

Commissions on advertising 

Affiliate dues 

Rebates — Sept., Oct.,Nov., Dec, 1923 $245.88 
Jan., Feb., March 1924.. . 792.00 
Apr., May, June, July 1924 328.60 
Aug., Sept., Oct., 1924. . . . 141.90 



Interest on savings deposits 

Extraordinary: 

Special subscription and sale of pamphlets by 

Montreal Branch Fuel Committee 

Cash in bank, January 1st, 1924 



45.44 

4.50 

161.00 



1,508.38 
8.13 



n ,. Expenditures 

Ordinary: 

Post card notices $ 615.60 

Other printing, multigraphing, stamps 279.89 

Stationery 16.10 

Secretary's honorarium 300.00 

Clerical assistance 100.00 

Telephone service and telegrams 43.28 

Moving pictures and lantern slides 59.88 

Subscriptions to Journal for Affiliates 46.00 

Miscellaneous expenses: gratuities, notices re 

annual and professional meeting, chairs and 

signs, weekly meetings, etc 150.96 



$1,727.45 

21.00 
796.90 

$ 2,545.35 



Cash in bank 
Cash in bank 



savings a/c . 
current a/c . 



1,611.71 
277.61 
656.03 



Respectfully submitted, $2,545.35 

O. O. Lefebvre, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 
E. A. Ryan, a. m.e.i.c. Secretary-Treasurer. 

Niagara Peninsula Branch 

The President and Council, 

The sixth year in the life of the branch has been brought to a 

successful close. A number of very successful functions have been 

held, which have been reported at length in the Journal. A list of these 

follows: — 

Jan. 9 — "Electrical Night," at Welland; speakers — F. H. Farmer, 
M.E.I.C, "The Installation of Unit No. 6 at Queens- 
ton"; E. B. Snyder, "Insulators"; R. M. Love, "Street 
Illumination," — attendance 47. 

Feb. 1— Annual dance, at Niagara Falls. 

Feb. 12 — "Asphalt," by Germain P. Graham, at St. Catharines, — 

attendance 35. 
May 20 — Annual meeting at St. Catharines. "Ice conditions on 

the St. Lawrence," by Russell Yuill, a. m.e.i.c, — 

attendance 53. 
June 16 — Picnic at Niagara-on-the-Lake, — ■ attendance 70. 
Aug. 23 and 24 — Visit of the London Branch, — attendance 39. 
Sept. 13 — "Clam-bake" — Guests of David Dick Jr., — ■ attendance 70. 
Oct. 22 — Trip to Horton Steel Works, Bridgeburg, — attendance 65. 
Nov. 7 — "Centenary of Welland Canal," Presentation of branch 

charter by Dr. Arthur Surveyer, M.E.I.C, president E.I.C., 

and address on "Some Transportation Problems," 

by E.W. Beatty, K.C., president C.P.R.,— attendance 175. 
Dec. 9 — "Northern Ontario," by Hon. Charles McCrae, Minister 

of Mines, Ontario, at Niagara Falls, — attendance 50. 

Membership 

The membership is still in a flourishing condition, as shown by the 
following table: — 

Members 

Associate Members . 
Juniors . 



1923 
19 



Students 

Branch Affiliates . 



19 
30 
10 



1924 
18 
92 
20 
33 
11 



Loss 
1 



Gain 



. , . 166 174 1 9 

Net gain during year 8 

The branch by-laws were adopted by letter ballot closing February 
10th, 1924. No other special committees functioned during the year 



Financial Statement 

December 31st, 1924 
Receipts 

Balance on hand Jan. 1st, 1924 $243.54 

Rebates, Branch news and commissions 303.90 

Affiliate fees 18.00 

Proceeds of meetings 104.02 $669.46 

Expenditures 

Printing, stationery and notices $110.78 

Expenses meetings 235.57 

Postage, telephone, express and telegrams 47.91 

Secretary's honorarium 100.00 

Balance in bank Dec. 31st, 1924 152.70 

Rebates earned, not yet to hand 22.50 $669.46 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 

E. P. Johnson, a.m.e.i.c, Branch Chairman. 
R. W. Downie, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Ottawa Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Managing Committee of the Ottawa Branch, we 
beg to submit the following report for the calendar year 1924. 

The annual general meeting of The Institute was held in Ottawa on 
the 23rd and 24th January, 1924, and had a distinctly invigorating effect 
on the healthy growth of the Ottawa Branch. The arrangements 
for the meeting were under the competent guidance of Lieut. Com- 
mander C. P. Edwards, a.m.e.i.c, who, with his committee, deserves 
the hearty thanks of the branch for the painstaking efforts which 
ensured the success of the meeting. 

Another feature was the hearty cooperation with kindred societies 
in the holding of meetings, both luncheon and evening. Joint meetings 
were held with the Professional Institute of the Civil Service of Canada, 
the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Society of 
Chemical Industry. To one of the luncheons members of the Canadian 
Club were invited. By a policy of cooperation towards common ends 
it is believed that the best interests and prestige of The Institute and the 
profession will be served. 

Another development of importance which the Ottawa Branch 
was instrumental in bringing about was the admission of several senior 
officers of the Royal Canadian Air Force. These members will probably 
form the nucleus of an important section of The Institute, machinery 
for the formation of which was provided at the last annual meeting. It 
is a pleasure to state that the representations of the Ottawa Branch in 
this matter were most sympathetically received and unanimously sup- 
ported by Council. The action in the cases of the senior officers of 
the Air Force constituted a precedent which is being, and will be, 
followed by similar action in regard to many officers of the same force. 

There is reason to believe that the prestige and consequent influence 
of the profession is being heightened. It may be that to some extent 
this is due to the dignified but aggressive publicity which is being given 
to our activities. This phase is exemplified by the publicity given al 
the annual meeting last January by the local and Canadian press, to 
whom the thanks of the branch are due. 

During the year several members of the branch were selected to 
play parts which indicate the heightened prestige of the profession and 
which reflect credit on the profession and on the branch. 

It was with profound regret that members of the Ottawa Branch 
learned of the sudden death on March 6th, 1924, of our esteemed 
president, Mr. Walter J. Francis. The Institute was fortunate, however, 
in having such a distinguished gentleman as Dr. Arthur Surveyer, 
m.e.i.c, as his successor. 

We have also to express our regret at the loss through death of 
eight members of the Ottawa Branch, namely, one Honorary Member, 
Dr. E. G. Deville, six Members, W. C. Way, W. A. Bowden, J. St. V. 
Caddy, L. J. R. Steckel, L. N. Rheaume, and R. F. H. Bruce, and one 
Associate Member, Lt. Col. F. O. Hodgins. 

The fourth annual " 'Engineers' Ball' " was held on January 24th, 
1924, in connection with the general annual meeting of The Institute 
and by its unqualified success has become one of the established func- 
tions of the branch. 

The fifth annual 'Popular Lecture' was given by Colonel E. W. 
Stedman, m.e.i.c, chief technical officer of the Air Board, and was quite 
in the class of its predecessors. 

The balance sheet shows that we had a successful financial year. 
Although considerable expense was incurred on account of the general 
annual meeting being held in Ottawa, our assets have been decreased 
by only $333.31, leaving a working capital of $1,610.83. 

The membership of the branch was increased by 44 during the year, 
which is a splendid indication of the standing of the engineering pro- 
fession in Ottawa. 

During the year the Managing Committee held ten meetings. In 
addition the Branch held evening meetings and luncheons. 

Proceedings and Publicity 

During the year seven luncheons and ten evening meetings of the 

branch were held, as follows: 

Jan. 3 — "The Burning of Canadian Fuels in Pulverized Form 
for the Generation of Steam in Industrial Power 
Plants," by A. J. T. Taylor, president of the Combustion 
Engineering Corporation, Ltd., Toronto; evening meeting 
at the Victoria Memorial Museum. 



66 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Jan. 10 — Annual meeting — Daffodil Tea Rooms. 

Feb. 4 — "Asphalt Paving," by Germain P. Graham, formerly of the 
City Engineering Department, Albany, N. Y., and manager 
of the Albany, N. Y. branch of the Asphalt Association; 
evening meeting at the Victoria Memorial Museum. 

Feb. 14 — "The Young Engineer and Scouting," by John A. Stiles, 
B. A. Sc, m.e.i.c, assistant chief commissioner, Boy Scouts 
Association for Canada; luncheon meeting at the Chateau 
Laurier. 

Feb. 19— "Canada's Arctic Expedition of 1923," by J. D. Craig, 
B.Sc., M.E.I.C, International Boundary Commission en- 
gineer and advisory engineer, Northwest Territories and 
Yukon Branch, Department of the Interior; joint evening 
meeting with the Professional Institute of the Civil Service 
of Canada at the Victoria Memorial Museum. 

Feb. 29 — "Roadless Vehicles," by Lewis K. Davis, general manager, 
Roadless Patents Holding Company, Washington, D.C.; 
evening meeting at Victoria Memorial Museum. 

Mar. 20 — "A Quarter of a Century of Science," by Dr. H. M. Tory, 
m.a., d.Sc, ll.d., f.r.s.c, president, University of Alberta; 
luncheon meeting at Chateau Laurier. 

Mar. 24 — "Aeroplane Surveying," by Professor H. L. Cooke, M.A., 
professor of physics, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J., 
evening meeting at Victoria Memorial Museum. 

April 7 — "Aeroplane Progress." The annual popular lecture by 
Wing Commander E. W. Stedman, o.b.e., m.e.i.c; evening 
meeting at Victoria Memorial Museum: 



Nov. 26 — "Sodium Silicate," by E. T. Sterne, B.Sc, chemical director, 
G. E. Sterne & Son, Brantford, Ontario; joint evening 
meeting with Ottawa Branch, Society of Chemical Industry 
at Victoria Memorial Museum. 

Dec. 11 — "The International Geodetic and Geophysical Con- 
ference, October, 1924, in Madrid, Spain," by Noel 
J. Ogilvie, d.l.s., m.e.i.c, director, Geodetic Survey of 
Canada; luncheon meeting at the Chateau Laurier. 

Dec. 18 — "Concrete," by E. Viens, a.m.e.i.c, Public Works Depart- 
ment, Alan K. Hay, a.m.e.i.c, Ottawa Suburban Roads 
Commission, and Howells Frechette, M.Sc, Department 
of Mines; evening discussion at the University Club. 
On January 23rd and 24th, 1924, the general annual meeting of 

The Institute was held in Ottawa. The complete arrangements for 

this meeting were carried out by a local committee under the capable 

chairmanship of Lieut. Commander C. P. Edwards, o.b.e., a.m.e.i.c, 

and included the following functions: 

Jan. 23 — 1.00 p.m. — Luncheon in the Chateau Laurier, at which 
The Institute was honoured by the presence of His Excel- 
lency the Governor General. Addresses of welcome were 
delivered to outside members by the president of The 
Institute, Walter J. Francis, the late Mr. Walters, then 
mayor of Ottawa, and by Geo. A. Mountain, m.e.i.c, 
past-president of The Institute. 
7.30 p.m. — Annual banquet of The Institute. 
9.00 p.m. — Smoker under the chairmanship of Lieut.-Com- 
mander C. P. Edwards, o.b.e., a.m.e.i.c 



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May 1 — "The National Importance of the Mining Industry," by 
Professor R. C. Wallace, m.a., Ph.D., d.Sc, professor of 
geology, University of Manitoba, and president of the 
Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy; joint 
luncheon meeting with the Canadian Institute of Mining 
and Metallurgy at the Chateau Laurier. 

Sep. 2 — Complimentary luncheon at the Chateau Laurier to Squadron 
Leader A.s.c.s. MacLaren, o.b.e., m.c, d.f.c, a.f.c, and 
his associates of the British "Round-the-World Flight." 

Sep. 4 — "The Brown Coals and Lignites of the British Empire 
and Why Coals Coke," by Dr. William A. Bone, f.r.s., 
professor of chemical technology in the Imperial College 
of Science and Technology, London, England ; joint evening 
meeting at the Victoria Memorial Museum. 

Oct. 16 — "World Power Conference," by J. B. Challies, C.E., 
m.e.i.c, Department of the Interior; John Murphy, 
m.e.i.c, Department of Railways and Canals, G. Gordon 
Gale, M.Sc., m.e.i.c, of the Hull Electric Company, and 
B. F. Haanel, B.Sc., m.e.i.c, Department of Mines; 
luncheon meeting at the Chateau Laurier. 

Nov. 6— "The Making of Bank Notes," by J. A. Machado, Pre- 
sident, Canadian Bank Note Company, Ltd.; luncheon 
meeting at the Chateau Laurier. 



Jan. 24 — 1.00 p.m. — Luncheon to members and ladies, at which 
Hammett P. Hill delivered an address on "Colonel By 
and the Rideau Canal." 

3.00 p.m. — Visit to the British American Nickel Corporation, 
Deschenes, Quebec, through the courtesy of the Hon. E. N 
Rhodes, president of the corporation. 

9.00 p.m. — Annual ball of the Ottawa Branch held in the 
Chateau Laurier ball room. 

The attendance at the luncheon meetings has averaged about 90, 
while at the evening meetings the attendance has been as high as 400. 

During the year the branch continued the policy of inviting 
prominent men to address the luncheon meetings. Of the meetings 
held four were joint meetings with other technical societies in 
Ottawa. 

Membership 

During the year the total membership increased from 408 to 452 
and the corporate membership from 320 to 344. The growth in the 
membership from 1909 to date is shown graphically on the accom- 
panying chart. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



67 



The following table shows in detail the comparative figures of the 
Branch membership for the years 1922, 1923 and 1924: 

1922 

Honorary Members 2 

Members 100 

Associate Members 211 

Affiliates of Institute 6 

Juniors 32 

Students 19 

Branch Affiliates 28 

Total 398 



1923 


1924 


2 


1 


113 


112 


207 


232 


6 


6 


30 


35 


18 


31 


32 


35 



408 



452 



Rooms and Library 



The policy of the branch remains unchanged as regards the ques- 
tion of securing permanent quarters. Part of the furniture, owned by 
the branch, is still on loan to the Minto Skating Club and the remainder 
is stored in an unused office, being protected, however, by insurance. 

The library is situated on the 3rd floor of the Journal building, where 
it may be consulted by members during regular office hours and at other 
times by appointment with the Branch Librarian. 

During the year accessions were received from J. B. Challies, m.e.i.c., 
F. H. Peters, m.e.i.c, the headquarters of The Institute and a number of 
government agencies. 



The income for the last two years is, for 1923 — $1,014.36, and for 
1924 — $1,209.93; the expenditure for 1923 — $979.32 and for 1924 
— $1,548.90. The increase in revenue is chiefly due to the large 
increase in the amount received from the headquarters of The Institute 
for advertising in the Journal. The annual income of the branch from 
the Victory bonds is $37.50. 

Financial Statement 

Statement of receipts and expenditures for the year ending 

December 31st, 1924. 

Receipts 

Balance in bank Jan. 1st, 1924 $436.46 

Cash on hand Jan. 1st, 1924 1.16 

Interest Victory bonds 37.50 

Rebates from headquarters: — 

Sept., to Dec, 1923 96.50 

Jan., Feb. and Mar., 1924 303.00 

April to July, 1924 150.40 

Aug. to Oct., 1924 81.20 

Branch news, Nov. and Dec. 1923 14.45 

Branch news, Jan. to April, 1924 17.23 

Branch news, May, June and Sept., 1924 .... 13.83 

Branch news, Oct. and Dec, 1924 10.67 

Journal advertising, 1923 219.57 

Journal advertising, 1924 170.22 

Contribution from headquarters towards annual 

general meeting 250.00 




916 1317 



1918 1919 1920 197.1 1St2 I 1113 '9Z*- 



Advertising in the Journal 

Commissions for advertising secured in the Journal during 1924 
amount to $170.22, which is equivalent to the rebates received from 
85 Associate Members. 

Finances 

The financial position of the branch continues to be very satis- 
factory, as may be seen from the attached statements of assets and 
liabilities and of receipts and expenditures. Although these statements 
show a larger bank balance than last year our assets are somewhat 
reduced owing to the fact that our expenditures were considerably 
increased on account of the expenses incurred in connection with the 
annual general meeting held in Ottawa in January, 1924. Although the 
net cost of this meeting to the branch was $518.94, our assets have been 
reduced by only $333.31, which shows a saving during the year of 
$185.63. 

The branch closed the year with a balance of $679.68 in the bank, 
$6.25 in cash on hand, and $700.00 in Victory bonds, a total balance 
on hand of $1,385.93. In addition to this balance the branch has assets 
of $48.90 in rebates due from headquarters, and $176.00 in furniture, 
equipment, etc., making a total of $1,610.83. The financial standing 
of the branch from 1910 to the present date is shown graphically on the 
accompanying chart. 



Branch Affiliate fees 84.00 

Mining Institute — share of luncheon expenses ... 1 1 .87 

Proceeds from sale of bonds 337.28 

Proceeds from sale of luncheon tickets 513.50 

Refund from annual general meeting committee. . 131.06 

Bank interest 11.36 

Expenditures 

Chateau Laurier for luncheons $792.50 

Daffodil Tea-room — annual meeting 41.00 

Printing 47.49 

Subscription to Engineering Journal and Engineer- 
ing News-Record 11.00 

Advertising 104.50 

Crabtree, for half-tones 7.95 

Insurance, 2.00 

Scrims, for flowers 76.25 

M. F. Cochrane, for annual general meeting . 900.00 

Advance to Ball Committee, for 1925 15.00 

Sundries, lantern operator, gratuities, etc 66.50 

Petty cash, postage, etc 141.14 

Balance in bank, Dec. 31st, 1924 679.68 

Balance, cash on hand 6.25 



$2,891.26 



$2,891.26 



68 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Statement of assets and liabilities for year ending December, 1924 
Assets 

Furniture (cost $200.00) $ 80.00 

Library:— Book cases (cost S72.50) 50.00 

Bound magazines (nominal) 1.00 

Books 25.00 

Rebates due from headquarters on 1924 fees 48.90 

Stationery and equipment 20.00 

Victory bonds, due November 1st, 1934 500.00 

Victory bonds, due October 15th, 1934 200.00 

Cash in bank 679.68 

Cash on hand 6.25 

Liabilities $1,610.83 

Surplus $1,610.83 

$1,610.83 

Audited and found correct: Noel Ogilvie, m.e.i.c. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. L. Rannie, M.E.I.C, Chairman. 

F. C. C. Lynch, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Peterborough Branch 

The year 1924 constituted the fifth in the history of this branch and 
was notable amongst other reasons in receiving the charter. 

The annual meeting was held on May 8th, and in addition to the 
business end a paper on "Engineering Education" was given by General 
Secretary F. S. Keith, m.e.i.c. A spirit of optimism prevailed at this 
meeting, which it is pleasing to note has continued. 

Eleven regular meetings were held throughout the year on subjects 
covering all branches of engineering with the very good average atten- 
dance of 48. The complete list of these meetings being as follows: — 
Jan. 10 — "The Commercial Urge for Town Planning,'" by Horace 

L. Seymour, m.e.i.c, of Toronto. 
Jan. 24 — "Steam Boilers," by Thos. H. Fenner, a.m.e.i.c 
Feb. 6 — "Asphalt Pavements," by Germain P. Graham of Toronto, 
representing the Asphalt Corporation of New York. 
Feb. 28 — "Testing and Inspection of Materials," by W. P. Dobson, 
b.a.Sc., m.e.i.c, director of laboratories, h.e.p.c, Toronto. 
Mar. 13 — "Good Roads," by E. L. Miles, f.r.s.a., m.e.i.c, of Lindsay, 

Ontario. 
Mar. 27 — "Development of Canadian Iron Ores," by J. D. Jones, 
m.e.i.c, general manager of Algoma Steel Corporation. 
April 10 — "Development of Moving Picture Industry," by B. E. 

Norrish, M.Sc, a.m.e.i.c, Montreal. 
May 8 — Annual meeting and a paper on "Engineering Education," 

by General Secretary Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c 
June 28 — Annual outing. 
Aug. 10 and 11 — Visit to Queenston. 

Oct. 9 — "Automatic Stations," — both generating and railway 

substations by D. V. Canning, B.Sc, Jr.E.I.C, Peterborough. 

Oct. 16— Courtesy Branch visit to Lindsay where a paper on "History 

of Development of Sewage Disposal," was given by 

R. O. Wynne- Roberts, M.E.I.C, Toronto. 

Nov. 18 — Annual banquet and presentation of branch charter, the 

latter by J. B. Challies, c.e., m.e.i.c 
Dec. 11 — "Description of Canadian Government Annual Arctic 
Trip," by J. D. Craig, b.a., B.Sc, m.e.i.c 
Other activities included our annual outing which was a wet 
affair although not in the present day sense of the word, and in spite 
of the weatherman's offering it was a great success particularly in its 
main objective, that of promoting professional fellowship. 

A visit to Queenston was organized in the summer and was tho- 
roughly enjoyed by those participating, although small in number. 
The sixth annual banquet was held on November 18th, which was 
also the occasion of the presentation of the branch charter by Vice- 
President J. B. Challies, M.E.I.C 

Except in point of numbers this event proved to be the best ever. 
A stunt complaint was laid during the dinner on the absence of menus 
and programmes which completely fooled those not in the know, and 
the programme when eventually handed round was run off with pep 
and strictly to schedule. 

This branch covers an extensive territory and it is most gratifying 
to the executive to see at both regular and special meetings members 
from the entire district and hopes this interest will continue. 

The annual report of this branch for this past year cannot be 
complete without a reference to the death of our esteemed late president, 
Walter J. Francis. He had a keen local interest in our affairs and his 
oss is felt by the entire branch membership. 
Membership 
It is pleasing to note our total membership has increased by 21, 
the grade showing as compared with 1923 being as follows: — 

1923 1924 

Members 22 24 

Associate Members 42 41 

Junior Members 10 11- 

Students 19 32 

Affiliates 2 2 

Branch Affiliates _23 _29 

118 139 



Financial Statement 

Receipts 

Balance in bank, Jan. 1st, 1924 $ 16.86 

Rebates on fees 151.95 

Journal news 22.21 

Affiliate fees and Journal subscription 69.23 

Rent for m. p. machine 3.00 

Receipts — annual dinner 120.00 

Bank interest .54 

$383.79 

Expenditures 

Rent $ 50.00 

Journal subscriptions 34.78 

Expenses — annual dinner 153.43 

Printing 74.63 

Lunch 8.75 

Speaker and meeting expense 35.11 

Funeral expense 5.00 

Postage, war tax, etc 6.69 

Balance in bank, Dec. 31st, 1924 15.40 

$383.79 

Archie B. Gates, a.m.e.i.c. Treasurer. 

On behalf of the executive, respectfully submitted: — 

E. R. Shirley, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 
P. Manning, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary. 

Quebec Branch 

Au President et au Conseil, 

Le Conseil de la Section de Quebec a l'honneur de vous soumettre 
son rapport annuel pour l'annee 1924 comme suit: — ■ 



Role des Membres 



Membres 

Membres associes . . 
Membres junior. . . . 
Membres etudiants . 
Membres affilies 



Residents 


Non residents 


Total 


17 


9 


26 


58 


38 


96 


10 


8 


18 


17 


19 


36 


3 




3 






179 



Total des membres 

Assemblee Annuelle 

L'assemblee annuelle de la Section de Quebec a ete tenue le 30 
avril 1924, sous la presidence de A. R. Decary, m.e.i.c. Les officiers 
dont les noms suivent ont ete elus pour l'annee 1924: 

President A. R. Decary, M.E.I.C 

Vice-President A. B. Normandin, A.M.E.I.C. 

Secretaire J. Eug. Roy, a.m.e.i.c 

J. P. P. Joncas, a.m.e.i.c 
S. L. deCarteret, A.M.E.I.C 

Conseillers ■ T. E. Rousseau, a.m.e.i.c 

Hector Cimon, a.m.e.i.c 
J. E. Gibault, a.m.e.i.c 

Assemblies 

Le Conseil de la Section de Quebec a tenu ses assemblies reguliere- 
ment durant l'annee 1924. 

Les dejeuners et assemblies du soir de chaque mois ont ete tenus 
regulierement au chateau Frontenac et a l'Hotel de Ville de Quebec, a 
partir du mois de novembre 1923 jusqu'au mois de mai 1924. 

A nos differents dejeuners et assemblies du soir, nous avons eu 
frequemment 1 'occasion de compter parmi nous des membres de 
YInstitut, etrangers a notre branche, ainsi que des personnages de mar- 
que dans la vie publique. Toutes nos reunions ont assemble la presque 
totalite des membres de notre Branche, et la presse a toujours eu l'ama- 
bilite de donner de tres bons comptes rendus de nos travaux. 

Toutes les questions soumises par le Conseil General a la Section 
de Quebec ont ete etudiees, discutees et transigees. 

Notre Section a suivi avec interet, les travaux de YInstitut et a 
prete son plein concours a toutes les questions ayant pour but de pro- 
teger et de promouvoir les interets de YInstitut et de ses membres. 

Notre Comite Special s'est occupe de surveiller, de faire une etude 
serieuse et de faire un rapport aussi complet que possible sur toutes les 
demandes d'admission qui ont ete referees a notre Branche, et les 
recommandations necessaires ont ete faites au Conseil General de 
YInstitut qui a bien voulu en tenir compte. 

Causeries 

Les causeries suivantes ont ete faites a nos differents dejeuners et 
assemblies du soir: 

"Ameliorations sur la division du Saguenay, C.N.R., depuis 
quatre ans," par L. C. Dupuis, A.M.E.IX. 

"La question 6conomique," par J. E. Gregoire, Avocat, Pro- 
fesseur a l'Universite Laval. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



69 



"Le genie civil et les sciences," par Sir George Garneau. 
"La voirie dans notre province," par Alex. Fraser, A.M.E.I.C. 
"Le beton dans la construction des rues et des grandes 
routes," par K. H. Talbot, gerant des ventes, compagnie Koehring de 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

"L'ecole d'arpentage et de genie forestier, Universite Laval," 
par J. P. P. Joncas, A.M.E.I.C. 

"La commission des eaux courantes et les forces hydrauli- 
ques de la Cote Nord," par A. O. Bourbonnais. 

"Compresseurs a air portatifs," par A. F. Hanly, A.M.E.I.C, 
de la compagnie Ingersoll-Rand Ltee, Montreal. 

"Les minerais metalliferes de Quebec", par Theo. C. Denis, 
surintendant des mines de la province de Quebec. 
"Le code d'etiquette professionnelle." 

Etat financier de l'annee 1924 
Recettes 

Caisse au ler Janvier 1924 $102.07 

Interet sur compte de banque 0.99 

Remises du Bureau Chef: — 

Cotisations des membres 150.72 

Annonces pour Journal 3.61 

Rabais du, du Bureau-Chef 13.80 

$271.19 

Depenses 

Impressions, timbres, etc $ 45.81 

Depenses pour assemblies 45.65 

Divers 128.00 219.46 

Solde au ler Janvier 1925 37.93 

Rabais du, du Bureau-Chef 13.80 

Respectueusement soumis, — $271.19 

A. R. Decary, m.e.i.c, President. 

Louis Beaudry, s.e.i.c, Secretaire-Tresorier. 

Quebec Branch 

The President and Council, 

The executive of the Quebec Branch begs to present the following 
annual report on the work of said branch during the year 1924: — 
Membership 

Branch Branch 

Residents Non-Residents Total 

Members 17 9 26 

Associate Members 58 38 96 

Juniors 10 8 18 

Students 17 19 36 

Affiliates _3 3 

Total membership 179 

Annual Meeting 

The annual meeting of the Quebec Branch was held on April 
30th, 1924, under the chairmanship of A. R. Decary, m.e.i.c, The 
following officers were elected for the year 1924 : 

Chairman A. R. Decary, m.e.i.c 

Vice-Chairman A. B. Normandin, A.M.E.I.C. 

Secretary... . J. Eug. Roy, a. m.e.i.c 

I J. P. P. Joncas, A.M.E.I.C 
S. L. deCarteret, a.m.e.i.c 
T. E. Rousseau,A.M.E.i.c 
Hector Cimon, a.m.e.i.c 
J. E. Gibault, a.m.e.i.c 
Meetings 
The executive of the Quebec Branch has held its meetings regularly 
during the year 1924. 

The monthly luncheons and evening meetings of the branch were 
held regularly at the Chateau Frontenac and at the City Hall from the 
month of November 1923 to the month of May 1924. 

It has been our pleasure to have frequent opportunities of wel- 
coming outside members of our Institute and also prominent men in 
public life at our different luncheons and evening meetings. All our 
meetings did gather together practically the full membership of the 
branch, and a very good publicity of the activities of the branch was 
given through the press. 

All questions submitted by the Council of The Institute have been 
studied, discussed and transacted. 

Our branch has followed with interest The Institute deliberations 
and has devoted its full energy to all matters aiming to the protection 
and promotion of the interest of The Institute and its members. 

Our special committee has followed closely, studied seriously and 
made as complete report as possible on all applications for membership 
which have been referred to this branch, and the necessary recommend- 
ations have been made to the Council of The Institute who has kindly 
taken them into consideration. 

Addresses 

The following addresses were made at our different luncheons and 
evening meetings: 

"Improvements on the Saguenay Division, C.N.R., since 
Four Years," by L. C. Dupuis, a.m.e.i.c 



"Economics," by J. E. Gregoire, barrister and professor at Laval 
University. 

"Civil Engineering and Sciences," by Sir George Garneau. 
"Highways in the Province of Quebec," by Alex. Fraser, 

A.M.E.I.C. 

"Concrete in Street and Highway Construction," by K. H. 
Talbot, sales manager, Koehring Company of Milwaukee, Wis. 

"Land Surveying and Forestry Engineering School of Laval 
University," by J. P. P. Joncas, A.M.E.I.C. 

"Quebec Streams' Commission and Hydraulic Powers of the 
North Shore," by A. O. Bourbonnais. 

"Portable Air Compressors," by A. F. Hanly, A.M.E.I.C, of the 
Canadian Ingersoll-Rand Co. Ltd. Montreal. 

"Metallic Ores of Quebec," by Theo. C. Denis, superintendent 
of mines for the province of Quebec. 

"The Code of Ethics." 

Financial Statement 

For the year 1924. 
Revenue . 

Cash in bank, Jan. 1st, 1924 ' $102.07 

Bank interest 0.99 

Rebates from headquarters: — 

Members' fees 150.72 

Advertising 3.61 

Rebates due from headquarters 13.80 

— $271.19 
Expenditures 

Printing, stamps, etc $ 45.81 

Expenses of meetings, 45.65 

Miscellaneous 128.00 

— $219.46 

Balance on hand, January 1st, 1925 $ 37.93 

Amounts receivable, rebates due from headquarters. 13.80 

$271.19 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. R. Decary, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

Louis Beaudry.s.e.i. c. , Secretary-Treasurer . 

Saguenay Branch 

The President and Council, 

The Saguenay Branch has just ended its first complete calendar 
year and feels most optimistic as to the future success of its activities. 

Meetings 

The branch had the pleasure of hearing at various times Messrs. 
O. O. Lefebvre, m.e.i.c, chief engineer, Quebec Streams' Commission; 
Theo. J. Lafreniere, M.E.I.C, chief sanitary engineer, Provincial Board 
of Health; H. S. Van Scoyoc, m.e.i.c, publicity manager, Canada 
Cement ; G. E. LaMothe, a.m.e.i.c, Forestry Department, Price Brothers, 
and G. B. Snow, a.m.e.i.c, on various subjects of interest to the en- 
gineering profession. There were also two moving pictures and two 
excursions or outings, these latter being described below. 

During the fall of 1923 these seemed to be a very manifest interest 
in the various lectures arranged by the branch, but after January 1924 
owing to the very difficult and often impossible state of the winter 
roads the lectures were poorly attended, those coming from any distance 
being rarely in evidence. 

Hence, at the annual meeting it was decided that the branch would 
confine its activities to those months of the year when transportation 
facilities were such as to permit of an easy attendance at lectures, etc. 
Thus this winter no effort has been made to constitute a regular pro- 
gramme, — this being reserved for the coming spring and summer. 

The branch held during last summer two very interesting excur- 
sions, the first, (coinciding with the annual meeting), being held on 
June 6th, to La Grande Decharge, Lake St. John where the members 
were the guests of the Quebec Development Company and were prov- 
ided with an exceptional opportunity of visiting the extensive hydro- 
electric development there. 

Later in the season the members were the guests of the Quebec 
Streams' Commission in a visit to the most important dams in the Lake 
Kenogami reservoir project. The success at both excursions was such 
hatt it is intended to organize several more next summer. 

Officers 

At the annual meeting held at Grande Decharge the results of the 
elections were given out; the Executive now being made up as follows: — 

Chairman W. G. Mitchell, m.e.i.c 

Vice-Chairman H. G. Cochrane, a.m.e.i.c 

Secretary-Treasurer Burroughs Pelletier, a.m.e.i.c 

Executive Committee. . .H. V. Bignell, a.m.e.i.c. (1 year). 

G. E. LaMothe, a.m.e.i.c. (1 year). 

E. Lavoie, m.e.i.c (2 years). 

J. E. A. McConville, a.m.e.i.c, (2 years). 

C. N. Shanly, M.E.I.C, {ex-officio). 



70 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Membership 

The membership of the branch is increasing steadily and actually 
is as follows: 

Members 3 

Associate Members 31 

Juniors 9 

Students 16 

Total 59 

Financial Statement 

As at January 1st, 1925. 
Receipts 

Balance on hand Dec. 31st, 1923 $ 86.38 

Remittance from headquarters (May) 39.00 

Remittance from headquarters (Oct.) 21.95 

Remittance from headquarters (Dec.) 11.55 

Rebates from headquarters to Dec. 31st 1.20 

Total receipts $160.08 

Disbursements 

Expenses re lectures and moving pictures: — 

Mr. O. O. Lefebvre's $ 8.02 

Mr. H. S. Van Scoyoc's 8.50 

Mr. T. Lafreniere's 6.30 

Mr. G. E. LaMothe's 1.85 

Mr. G. B. Snow's 8.10 

Moving picture 1 .85 

Expenses re excursions: — 

To St. Joseph d'Alma, (annual meeting) 49.16 

To Lake Kenogami Reservoir 11.81 

Expenses re annual elections 4.84 

Postage and stationery 6.30 

Total disbursements $106.73 

Balance on hand $ 53.35 

$160.08 

Respectfully submitted, 

H. G. Cochrane, a.m.e.i.c, V ice-Chairman. 
Burroughs Pelletier, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Saskatchewan Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the branch executive, we beg to submit the following 
report covering the activities and condition of the Saskatchewan 
Branch during the year 1924. As the branch year does not end until 
February 28th, this report is really supplemental to the annual report 
which will be issued later. 

The activities and interests of the branch are probably very well 
reflected in the list of papers and addresses presented at branch meetings. 
A glance at this list will reveal that we both started and finished the year 
with a discussion of the Hudson Bay Railway and Route. The fact 
is none the less significant for being accidental and interest is by no 
means confined to the engineering profession. 

Meetings 

The annual meeting in March saw the retirement of our very 
efficient and genial secretary-treasurer Mr. McCannel, a retirement 
made necessary by the pressure of his many other duties. The other 
branch officers come and go with annual precision but a secretary- 
treasurer of Mr. McCannel's qualities lives long in the memory of the 
branch. 

During the year we were twice favoured with official visitors from 
Institute headquarters, visits which have done much to broaden our 
viewpoint and rekindle our enthusiasm and loyalty to both the pro- 
fession and The Institute. In April we were glad to welcome Secretary 
Keith with his infectious optimism and broad knowledge of engineering 
affairs throughout the Dominion. In October the branch charter was 
officially presented by Major Geo. A. Walkem, m.e.i.c, the vice-pre- 
sident for this zone. This event is of outstanding importance in the 
annals of the branch and the personal contact with Major Walkem was 
stimulating and helpful to those who met and heard him. 

The annual summer meeting of the branch was held in Saskatoon 
on August 22nd, and was arranged to coincide with the visit of the 
British Association for the Advancement of Science. The professional 
meeting was well attended and was addressed by Dr. Geo. Howe of 
Glasgow University and by Sir Charles Parsons of steam turbine fame. 
The success and enjoyment of the day is largely due to the efforts of 
the Saskatoon members and the kindness and generosity of the univer- 
sity and the city. 

The wish is often expressed that members living outside Regina 
could enjoy a more active participation in the meetings and affairs of 
the branch. Any suggestion to this end would be welcomed by the 
executive. The joint meeting with Saskatoon by means of long dis- 
tance telephone was a step in this direction and has earned for the 
Department of Telephones the appreciation of the branch. 



The matter of engineering legislation is being placed before the 

provincial government this year. It is yet too soon to say whether our 

hopes will be realized. 

During the year seven executive meetings have been held and 

fourteen regular and Special Meetings. The meetings have all been 

preceded by a dinner and held in the dining room at the Parliament 

Buildings where the accommodation is very comfortable. In the 

winter months the attendance is good but suffers somewhat in the fall 

and spring when field work is under way. How well the branch has 

been provided for by the Papers and Library Committee and by the 

Entertainment Committee will be seen from the following list of meetings 

and papers: 

Jan. 15 — "The Hudson Bay Route," J. A. Campbell, commissioner 
Northern Manitoba. 

Jan. 23 — "Efficient Coal Burning in Steam Boiler Furnaces," 

E. W. Bull, superintendent light and power, Regina. 

"History and Development of Automatic Telephone," 

W. L. Campkin, jr. e.i.c, Department of Telephones, 

Regina. 

"Refinery Engineering," E. A. Duschak, A.M.E.I.C, chief 

engineer, Imperial Oil Co., Regina. 
"Chainage Measurements," D. A. Smith, A.M.E.I.C, of 
Smith & Phillips, engineers and surveyors. 

Feb. 14 — "Advantages of Generation and Distribution of Elec- 
trical Energy direct from Coal Fields," J. B. Hamilton, 
A.M.E.I.C, superintendent of utilities, Estevan. 

Feb. 28 — Joint meeting held simultaneously at Saskatoon and Regina 
with aid of long distance telephone apparatus. Address 
delivered in Saskatoon by Prof. G. M. Williams, A.M.E.I.C, 
subject "Research and Progress in Engineering." 
Discussion and conversations carried on from each end and 
heard at the other. 

Mar. 7 — Annual meeting. — Popular entertainment: Reports of 
committees, address by retiring Chairman, Lieut.-Col. 
A. C. Garner, m.e.i.c; election of officers; address of 
newly-elected Chairman Prof. C. J. Mackenzie, m.e.i.c, 
on "Student Activities and Engineering Education". 

April 5 — Social meeting at home of L. A. Thornton, m.e.i.c, on 
occasion of Secretary Keith's visit. 

April 10 — "Highways," H. R. Mackenzie, a.m.e.i.c, chief field 
engineer, Department of Highways, Regina. 

April 24— "The Panama Canal," J. McD. Patton, a.m.e.i.c 

"Problems in Telephone Maintenance Engineering," 

T. Leach, Department of Telephones. 
"Health Engineering," R. H. Murray, A.M.E.I.C, Depart- 
ment Public Health. 

Aug. 22 — Summer meeting at Saskatchewan University, Saskatoon. 
Held on the occasion of the visit of the British Association 
for Advancement of Science and opening of new chemistry 
building. Addressed by Dr. Howe, professor electrical 
engineering, University of Glasgow and by Sir Charles 
Parsons, the inventor of the steam turbine. The pro- 
fessional meeting was followed by a very fine social enter- 
tainment given by the university and the city of Saskatoon. 

Oct. 9— "Field Control of Concrete," Col. H. C. Boyden, of the 
Portland Cement Association. 

Oct. 20— Presentation of Branch Charter by Major Geo. A. Walkem, 
m.e.i.c, Vancouver. 

Nov. 13 — Ladies' night. Dinner and theatre party. 

Nov. 27 — "Railway Maintenance," P. C. Perry, a.m.e.i.c, division 
engineer, Canadian National Railways, Regina. 

Dec. 11— "The Hudson Bay Railway," Lieut.-Col. A. C. Garner, 
M.E.I.C 

Financial Statement 
March 1st to December 31st, 1924. 

Revenue 

Bank balance March 1st, 1924 $ 2.37 

Branch dues 127.80 

Headquarters rebates Jan. -Oct 159.45 

Sundry 25.24 

Expenditure 

Meetings $ 34.37 

Stationery and notices, etc 82.44 

Sundry 36.65 

Scholarship 100.00 

Bank balance 61.40 

$314.86 

Assets 

Cash in bank $ 61.40 

Outstanding branch dues 168.00 

Headquarters rebates Nov. and Dec. per headquar- 
ters' telegram 34.63 

Outstanding headquarters rebates 180.27 

Furniture, library 50.00 

$494.30 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



71 



Liabilities 

Dues paid in advance $ 35.00 

Accounts payable 150.00 

Surplus 309.30 

Respectfully submitted, $494.30 

R. N. Blackburn, M.E.I.C, Vice-Chanman. 
J. W. D. Farrell, a.m. E.I. c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Sault Ste. Marie Branch 

The President and Council, 

Although in point of numerical increase and attendance at meetings 
the year was not an exceptionally good one, yet in spite of the depressed 
conditions at the Sault, and the consequent smaller than usual number 
of engineers at the headquarters of the branch, the work was fairly 
well maintained. 

The difficulty of rendering the assistance that we would like to 
the branch district members has been felt by the executive of the branch, 
but in spite of a circular letter from the chairman of the branch there 
has been little discovered yet that can be done as contacts with the 
members at a distance are lacking. 

Meetings 

The principal activity of the branch is the monthly meeting, held 
on the last Friday of each month except June, July and August. The 
meetings were attended by an average of fourteen. The custom of 
having a dinner before the meeting was continued. The Papers and 
Publicity Committee was very active and provided much good material 
which was listened to with much profit by our members. The addresses 
and papers were as follows: 

Jan. 25 — "Storage of Coal," by Wm. Seymour, m.e.i.c. 
Feb. 29— "Radio," by Jas. Donnelly. 

Mar. 28 — "The Occurrence, Characteristics and Commercial 

Importance of Iron Ore Bodies in Algoma," by G. W. 

McLeod. 

Apr. 25 — "City Government by City Manager and Commission," 

by Hy. Sherman, city manager, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. 

May 30 — "Tar and its Derivatives," by J. Hayes Jenkinson, a.m.e.i.C. 

Sept. 26 — "The Proposed St. Lawrence Power Development," 

by J. W. LeB. Ross, m.e.i.c. 
Oct. 31— "Public Utilities," by A. E. Pickering, M.E.I.C. 
Nov. 28— "Work of the Weather Bureau," by A. G. Burns, of 

Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. 
Dec. 19 — "Work of the Ontario Branch, Air Service," by Capt. 
Maloney. 
In addition to these meetings we had a meeting at the new Tech- 
nical School at Sault Ste. Marie, and heard of the work done there and 
inspected the building. On October 16th, the branch charter was 
presented by Major Geo. A. Walkem, m.e.i.c, vice-president of 
The Institute. 

Membership 
The present membership of the branch is: 

Branch Branch Total 

Residents Non-Residents 

Members 10 14 24 

Associate Members 15 45 60 

Juniors 5 5 10 

Students 7 22 29 

Affiliate 1 1 

Branch Affiliates 6 . . 6 

Totals 44 86 130 

Financial Statement 

Receipts 

Balance from 1923 $ 82.59 

Income from headquarters rebates 178.05 

Commissions from advertising (for 1924 and 1925) . 96.00 

Branch news 10.04 

Fees Affiliates 15.00 

Dinners paid 60.52 

$442.20 

Expenditures 

Postage and post cards $ 18.29 

Printing notices, etc 21.25 

Stenographer 3.00 

Cartage and livery 2.50 

Journal subscriptions 6.09 

Gratuities 4.50 

Dinners (except Oct. 16) 62.00 

Presentation of charter 49.00 

Cigars and cigarettes 23.70 

Telegrams [ 3.01 

Sundry 14.94 

Balance forward 233^92 

Respectfully submitted, $442.20 

WilliamS. Wilson, a. m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 



St. John Branch 

The President and Council, 

This is the seventh annual report of the St. John Branch of 
The Engineering Institute of Canada, for the year ending December 31st, 
1924. 

The executive has conducted the business of the branch during 
1924 by assembling twelve times. The members of the branch have 
held seven meetings in St. John, at which addresses were delivered, in 
addition to a joint dinner with the Association of Professional Engineers 
of the Province of New Brunswick, in January, a dinner at the annual 
meeting of the branch in May, and a dinner to a member leaving the 
branch in June. 

In March the branch met jointly with the Engineering Society of 
the University of New Brunswick at Fredericton. It is proposed to 
repeat this trip during 1925. 

Officers of The Institute who have visited this branch during the 
year have included F. A. Bowman, m.e.i.c, of Halifax, vice-president, 
on two occasions, and Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, of Montreal, general 
secretary, in November last. In March, Mr. Bowman was one of the 
speakers at the meeting in Fredericton, and in November at St. John 
presented the charter to the branch. Mr. Keith spoke at Fredericton 
and also at St. John on Wembley and the World Power Conference. 

During the year this branch has been honoured by addresses from 
members of other branches and our own members have in turn given 
papers before neighbouring branches to the mutual advantage of all. 

During the year we have been pleased to have Institute members 
from other branches attend our meetings and luncheons. This branch 
welcomes the transient engineer to St. John and the activities of this 
branch, and believes that herein is presented another opportunity of 
enlarging the fraternal spirit among Institute members. 

All branch committees continue to function. The addresses 
delivered before the branch have all been of a high order. The members 
maintain good interest in branch meetings, and all meetings are open to 
the public. 

Membership 

This branch includes all Institute members living in the nine 
western counties of New Brunswick. A statement of membership as on 
December 31st, 1924, follows:— 

Branch Branch 

Grade Residents Non-residents Total 

Members 15 10 25 

Associate Members 26 12 38 

Juniors 13 8 21 

Students 6 1 7 

Affiliates 2 2 

Branch Affiliates 3 3 

Total 65 31 96 

Total at end 1924, 96; total at end of 1923, 91; net gain, 5. Appli- 
cations for admission pending, 3. 

Financial Statement 

Year ending December 31st, 1924. 

Receipts 

Balance in bank Dec. 31st, 1923 $125.38 

Rebates of members' fees 162.50 

Branch news 54.40 

Branch Affiliates, dues and Journal subscriptions. . . 18.00 

Sundries, one copy July Journal 1.00 

$361.28 



Expenses 

Hall and meeting $ 37.15 

Printing and stationery 53.00 

Branch Affiliates, Journal subscriptions 4.00 

Entertainment 56.75 

Sundries, 12 copies July Journal 12.00 

Outstanding disbursements, May 4th, 1923 — April 

28th, 1924 116.28 



Balance in bank Dec. 31st, 1924 . 



$279.18 
82.10 



A.SS€lS 

Balance in bank Dec. 31st, 1924 $ 82.10 

Rebates of members' fees outstanding 29.40 



Liabilities 

Outstanding accounts $ 52.26 

Surplus on Dec. 31st, 1924 59.24 

Respectfully submitted, 



$361.28 



$111.50 



$111.50 



G. G. Hare, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

W. J. Johnston, a.m.e.i.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 



72 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Toronto Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee we beg to submit herewith 
the annual report of the activities of the Toronto Branch for the calendar 
year 1924. Our year extends from March elections to the following 
March, so that part of the calendar year is under one executive and the 
balance under the succeeding executive. 

The executive for the calendar year 1924: — 
January to March, 1924 March to December, 1924 

C. R. Young, M.E.I. c Chairman J. M. Oxley, m.e.i.c. 

J. M. Oxley. M.E.I.C Vice-Ch...N. D. Wilson, A.M.E.I.C. 

J. A. Knight, A.M.E.I.C Sec.-TreasJ. H. Curzon, a.m.e.i.c. 

Peter Gillespie, M.E.I.C Executive R. W. Angus, m.e.i.c. 

T. R. Loudon, m.e.i.c H. K. Wickstead, M.E.I.C. 

J. G. R. Wainwright, a.m.e.i.c E. T. J. Brandon, a.m.e.i.c. 

N. D. Wilson, a.m.e.i.c J. G. R. Wainwright, a.m.e.i.c. 

R. C. Muir, m.e.i.c T.R. Loudon, m.e.i.c. 

A. C. Oxlev, a.m.e.i.c Peter Gillespie, m.e.i.c. 

C. H. Mitchell, M.E.I.C Ex-Officio.G. T. Clark, a.m.e.i.c. 

R. O. Wynne-Roberts,M.E.l.c. C. R. Young, M.E.I.C 

G. T. Clark, a.m.e.i.c E. G. Hewson, m.e.i.c 

Wm. Storrie, M.E.I.C J. A. Knight, a.m.e.i.c 

Committees 

The Library Committee has made a catalogue of technical public- 
ations obtainable in Toronto at the various libraries. 

The various committees and chairman are: 

Finance N. D. Wilson, a.m.e.i.c 

Publicity J. A. Knight, a.m.e.i.c 

Programme J. M. Oxley, m.e.i.c 

Student Relations T. R. Loudon, M.E.I.C 

Reception R. O. Wynne-Roberts, m.e.i.c. 

Library A. C. Oxley, A.M.E.I.C 

Fuel M. J. Butler, m.e.i.c 

Professional Fees Frank Barber, m.e.i.c 

Meetings 

During the calendar year there were twelve executive meetings. 
Attendance at general meetings was not as good as might be expected 
for such a large branch membership. Possibly the farflung boundaries 
of the city had something to do with it, although the meeting-place is 
very central. Meetings were held in the Mining building of the Uni- 
versity of Toronto as a rule. 

Regular meetings and subjects for calendar year 1924 were as 
follows: 
Jan. 10 — "The Public Health Machinery of Canada," by Dr. J. A. 

Amyot. 
Jan. 17 — "Public Speaking for Engineers," by Professor W. H. 

Groves. 
Jan. 24 — "Biography of Sir Sandford Fleming," by Professor 

Peter Gillespie, M.E.I.C 
Feb. 7 — "The Toronto Transportation Commission," by H. H. 

Couzens. 
Feb. 14 — Student Papers: — 

1st. G. H. Rowat, s.E.l.c, — "The Photo Clostic Method 

of Stress Determination". 
2nd. L. H. Burpee, S.E.l.c — "Power Development on the 

St. Maurice". 
3rd. H. A. Mcintosh — "Causes of Lack of Balancing 

in Automobile Engines". 
4th. S. Hardcastle, S.E.l.c, — "Concrete Plant Layout". 
Feb. 27— Joint meeting with A.S.M.E. — "Research and Automo- 
bile Development," by C. F. Kettering. 
Mar. 6 — "Northern Expeditions," by J. D. Craig, m.e.i.c 
Mar. 13 — "Insulation and Heating Possibilities in Buildings," 

by J. Govan. 
Mar. 20 — -Branch annual meeting. 
Oct. 16 — "The Centenary of Portland Cement," by J. M. 

Oxley, m.e.i.c 
Oct. 30 — "The Aeroplane in Forest Patrol, Surveying and En- 
gineering," by Ellwood Wilson, m.e.i.c, also "Aerial 
Surveys for Railway Location," by H. K. Wicksteed, 

M.E.I.C 

Nov. 6 — "The Resurrection of Europe," by Vincent Massey. 
Nov. 13 — "Vertical Transportation," by A. G. McLaughlin. 
Nov. 27 — "Standards," by R. J. Durley, m.e.i.c 
Dec. 11 — "Mexico and Its Volcanoes," by Professor A. P. Coleman. 
Dec. 18 — "City Bridges," by Thomas Taylor, m.e.i.c 



Membership 

The membership of the branch has decreased to some extent, no 
doubt due to members moving to territory under jurisdiction of other 
branches. The membership at December 31st, 1924 was: — 

Branch Branch 

Residents Non-residents Total 

Members 139 4 143 

Associate Members 263 16 279 

Juniors 51 4 55 

Students 134 14 148 

Affiliates 5 — 5 

Branch Affiliates 2 2 

Total 594 38 632 

Financial Statement 

Owing to heavy expenditures at the beginning of the year, the 
balance on hand is not as great as that of 1923. 

Revenue 

Cash on hand — January 1st, 1924 $1,098.56 

Rebates and Branch news 875.35 

Interest to December 31st, 1924 15.50 

Affiliate fees 10.00 

$1,999.41 

Expenditure 

Advertising and printing $ 420.37 

Rent of room No. 22 84.00 

Secretary's honorarium 100.00 

Library Committee 119.50 

Stenographic services 42.40 

Insurance 21.15 

Postage, exchange and tax 21.50 

Student prizes 50.00 

Lectures — expenses 93.85 

Convention expenses 188.00 

General expenses 20.16 

Smoker expenses 61.25 

$1,322.18 
Balance on hand 677.23 

$1,999.41 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. Morrow Oxley, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

John H. Curzon, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Vancouver Branch 

The President and Council, 

I have the honour to report on the affairs of the Vancouver Branch, 
for the year 1924, as follows: 

General Meetings 

The attendance at the general meetings of the branch averaged 
about 95, as compared with 25 for 1923 and 30 for 1922. 

Five of these meetings were held on the following dates: 
Feb. 19 — "The Greater Vancouver Water Problem," by Ernest 
A. Cleveland, m.e.i.c, comptroller of Water Rights, 
Victoria. 
Special invitations were sent to the mayors, aldermen, reeves and 
councillors of the cities and municipalities of the Greater Vancouver 
group, and also to a number of prominent citizens. The attendance was 
225 including visitors, which constitutes a record for this branch. 
Mar. 26 — "Progress and Policy of The Institute," by Fraser S. 
Keith, m.e.i.c, general secretary of The Institute. 
"Water Resources in Canadian National Parks," by 
H. B. Muckleston, M.E.I.C 
Sept. 27 — Inspection of municipal works in Point Grey. 

On this occasion, the members of the party were the guests of the 
Reeve and Council. 

Nov. 13 — "Grain Elevators and Grain Elevator Construction," 
(Illustrated with lantern slides), by E. F. Carter, m.e.i.c 
Dec. 18 — Annual general meeting: Annual business and election of 
officers. 
"A Short Talk on Radio Communication," (Illustrated 
with lantern slides), by Herbert Vickers, M.E., M.Sc, Ph.D., 
head of Dept. of Mech. and Elec. Engineering, University 
of British Columbia. 

Executive Committee 

The Executive Committee held six meetings during the year. The 
resignation of T. W. Fairhurst, A.M.E.I.C, who removed to New York, 
U.S.A., shortly after his election to the executive, caused a vacancy for 
a committeeman, which was filled by L. F. Merrylees, a.m.e.i.c, on 
resolution of the executive at the meeting of January 10th. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



73 



General Review of 1924 Business 

Institute Nominating Committee: 

On January 10th, 1924, the Executive Committee appointed 
Wm. Smaill, M.E.I. C, to represent the Vancouver Branch on The 
Institute Nominating Committee during 1924. Mr. Smaill was reap- 
pointed for the year 1925 at the Executive meeting of December 10th. 

Mem bersh ip Com m ittee: 

The results of the activities of this committee comprising the 
whole executive, are apparent in the considerable increase in new 
members, especially among the students of the University of British 
Columbia. The membership in the student grade has increased from 
23 to 40, which is a very encouraging factor in our year's work. The 
branch has gained also in corporate members, and several important 
additions are expected shortly as a further result of this year's efforts. 

Branch Elections: 

Fifty-two marked ballots were returned out of a total of 154 mailed 
to the membership of the branch for the 1925 elections. Last year, 50 
ballots were returned out of 132. Considering that the actual cost of 
the letter ballot is over $10.00, besides the labour in addressing and 
mailing, the interest of the members is not very encouraging. 

Quarters: 

A sub-committee consisting of the chairman and secretary-treasurer, 
was appointed by the Executive Committee to co-operate with represent- 
atives from the other bodies interested in the joint quarters at 930 
Birks Building, in a thorough search of the business district for more 
suitable quarters. It was decided, after considerable investigation, 
that no material advantages could be gained by moving into any other 
quarters than available, and that it would be advisable to leave the 
matter in abeyance for the present. 

Library: 

A sub-committee consisting of A. Lighthall, a.m.e.i.c, H. Idsarcii, 
a.m.e.i.c, and F. W. Coffin, S.E.I. c, was asked to report on the Joint 
Library at 930 Birks Building, with a view to definite action by the 
branch, either in support of an improvement scheme or withdrawal 
from the library and disposal of our portion of the books. 

(The report of this committee was read at the annual general 
meeting of the branch, December 18th, and referred by resolution to 
the incoming executive for definite recommendation at a future general 
meeting.) 

Branch By-Laws: 

The committee consisting of W. G. Swan, M.E.I. C, and the secre- 
tary-treasurer, appointed at the last annual general meeting to under- 
take the revision of the branch by-laws, has been unable to function 
because of the decision to await the adoption of a model set of branch 
by-laws by The Institute Council. An Institute committee has had this 
matter in hand, but up to September 10th, the date of the last advice 
on the matter from Mr. Keith, nothing definite had resulted. 

Branch Charter: 

The branch charter was received from headquarters in September 
and is now in possession of the executive. It is the wish of the Council 
that a formal presentation of the charter to the branch be made by 
Vice-President Geo. A. Walkem, M.E.I.C., on behalf of The Institute. 
Owing to Mr. Walkem's numerous engagements, it has not been pos- 
sible to arrange a suitable occasion on which to have the presentation 
made, but it is expected that the new executive will have an opportunity 
early in the coming year, when the present session of the legislature 
closes. 

It is a matter of considerable moment to The Institute and the 
engineering profession in general, and one in which the branch may 
justly take pride, that our western vice-president Major Geo. A. Walkem 
M.E.I. c, not only holds the office of reeve of the municipality of Point 
Grey, but also occupies a seat in the provincial legislature at Victoria 
for the Point Grey-Richmond riding. 

Group Photograph of Messrs. Cambie, While & Kennedy: 

At the request of the Victoria Branch, an enlargement, 16 by 20 
inches, of the group photograph of Messrs. Cambie, White and Kennedy, 
published on page 84, of The Engineering Journal, February 1924, was 
presented to the Archives Department of the Provincial Library at 
Victoria, on November 11th, 1924. The inscription plate bears the 
title "Pioneer Railway Builders". 

Students' Prizes 

The Walter Moberly Memorial Prize: 

Acting on the resolutions referring to the disposal of the Moberly 
Fund, passed at the last annual general meeting and the general meeting 
of March 26th, 1924, the Executive Committee sold the four one 
hundred dollar Canadian War Loan Bonds in which the principal was 
invested, and combining the proceeds with the interest accumulated in 
the savings bank, purchased one $500.00 City of Vancouver 5 per cent 
1964, and one $100.00 Canadian Renewal 5 per cent 1943, having a 
total annual interest return of $30.00. 



These bonds have been deposited for safe-keeping in the Hamilton 
Street branch of the Canadian Bank of Commerce. The officers of the 
bank have very kindly arranged to have the coupons clipped free of 
charge as they mature, and deposited to the credit of a special savings 
account. Through this very considerate attitude of the bank, the 
annual income will not be impaired in any way, and therefore may be 
devoted wholly to the object intended. The balance in the fund at the 
date of this report is $30.47. 

The Board of Governors of the University of British Columbia has 
accepted the offer of a $25.00 annual book prize to be awarded for the 
best summer essay written by students in the graduation year of the 
Faculty of Applied Science. This prize will henceforth be known as 
"The Walter Moberly Memorial Prize," and the first award will be 
made during the present session, there being twelve competitors, — a 
very encouraging start. 

The A. D. Sivan Special Book Prize: 

The $25.00 students' prize donated by A. D. Swan, M.E.I. C, in 
March 1921, but never awarded, was offered for the second time by the 
executive, to third year students in the Faculty of Applied Science of 
the University of British Columbia, for the best summer essay handed 
in during the present session. It was decided to make this also a book 
prize, called "The A. D. Swan Special Book Prize", for the reason that 
it stands for this session only. There have been eleven entries for this 
competition. 

Cash Prize: 

At the general meeting of the branch held on November 13th, a 
very noteworthy offer of a $50.00 cash prize was made by a visitor at 
the meeting, H. H. Broughton, M. Inst, m.e., to be awarded to the 
author of the best student's essay on "Handling of Bulk Cargo". This 
was supplemented by Mark R. Colby, another visitor, who offered an 
additional $25.00 in respect of the same competition. The Executive 
Committee has this matter in hand and will shortly announce the con- 
ditions of the competition. 

Membership 
Grade 18th, Dec, 1924 19th, Dec, 1923 

Branch Residents: 

Members 

Associate Members 

Juniors 

Students 

Affiliates 



Total 

Branch Non-Residents: 

Members 

Associate Members . 

Juniors 

Students 

Affiliates 



61 


55 


87 


75 


6 


2 


40 


23 


nil 


1 


194 


156 


19 


18 


55 


50 


10 


10 


9 


5 


1 


1 



Total . 



94 



84 



Financial Statement 

Receipts 

Balance on hand at Dec, 19th, 1923 $167.87 

Less A. D. Swan donation 25.00 

$142.87 

Rebates on fees, Sept., 1923 to Oct. 1924 381.60 

Branch news to Nov. 1924 18.22 

Rental of lantern 2.00 



Total . 



$544.69 



Expenditures 
Rent — 930 Birks bldg $240.00 



Rent — Board of Trade auditorium . 

Printing 

Postage and revenue tax 

Telegrams 

Stationery, etc 

Addressograph 

Bank exchange 

Honorarium to secretary 

Library 

Carbons for lantern . . 
Entertaining, etc. 



20.00 

20.15 

15.17 

3.84 

2.00 

4.24 

1.00 

50.00 

5.18 

1.00 

6.50 

Balance Dec, 18th, 1924 175.61 



Total $544.69 

There are no outstanding accounts to be paid. The balance, 
$175.61, on hand at the date of this report, shows a gain of $32.74 since 
the beginning of the year; but it should be noted that the rebates on 
fees and branch news cover a period of fourteen months instead of 
twelve. 



74 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



If the receipts be adjusted to a period of twelve months by deduct- 
ing $46.05, the rebates for the last two months, the corresponding 
balance would be $129.06. Consequently we would have an operating 
deficit of $13.81 for the year instead of a surplus. The operating deficit 
for the year 1923 was $64.07 and for the year 1922 was $89.42. 

The average monthly receipts from rebates on fees were approx- 
imately $21.00 during 1922, and the same during 1923, but increased to 
about $28.00 during the present year on account of the percentage now 
rebated to the branch on fees of branch district members. If however, 
we take the actual receipts for the ten months of the current year since 
the new rebates went into effect, the monthly average for 1924 becomes 
approximately $33.00. On this basis our estimated revenue from fees 
for the next 12 months would be about $400.00, to which should be 
added about $25.00 for branch news etc., making a total of $425.00. 

The cost of operating the branch for the past two years has been 
approximately $370.00 per year, which figure may be regarded as a 
minimum for estimating normal expenditures under present conditions. 
I can see no reason why our expenses for the coming year should be 
materially increased, unless we undertake greater activities than during 
the past two years. 

In any case, it is evident that our annual operating deficits should 
cease from now on, because of the increased revenue resulting from 
rebates on the fees of our district members, the growing membership of 
the branch, and the increase from 25 per cent to 30 per cent in the 
amount rebated on each fee. It should not be forgotten that our 
important minor sources of revenue are branch news and advertising 
in the Journal. The receipts from these sources will be in proportion 
to our efforts, and are well worth the attention of the incoming Executive 
Committee. 

It should be noted that the theoretical revenue from rebates of 
fees for the year 1925 is about $540.00. We cannot hope to reach this 
figure because a proportion of our members each year allow their dues 
to run into arrears. If the reverse were true, the branch would be in a 
much improved position financially. 

Under present conditions I believe that we may reasonably hope 
for an increase of at least $50.00 in our working balance at the end of 
the year 1925. 

The assets of the branch in furniture and books have not yet been 
valued. 

Respectfully submitted, 

P. H. Buchan, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Victoria Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Executive Committee of the Victoria Branch, we 
beg to submit the following report covering the year ending Nov. 
30th, 1924. 

Meetings 

The branch held regular monthly business meetings throughout 
the year, and to make these more interesting, and to give some practice 
in speaking, adopted the plan of having discussions on some previously 
announced subject of interest to engineers. Leaders in these discus- 
sions were named in advance and all present were expected to take 
some part in the discussion. The more important events of the year 
were as follows: — 

1924 
Jan. 19 — Luncheon in honour of F. M. Preston, a.m.e.i.c, city engineer 
of Victoria, to congratulate him on the successful com- 
pletion of the Johnson Street bridge. 
Feb. 13— "Highways," by P. Philip, M.E.I.C. 

Mar. 2 — Visit to Dominion Astrophysical Observatory near Victoria 

and the 72-inch reflector which is the second largest 

telescope in the world, by courtesy of Dr. J. S. Plaskett, 

F.R.S., the director. 

Mar. 12— "The Johnson Street Bridge," by F. M. Preston, A.M.E.I.C. 

Mar. 26— "Movable Bridges," by E. E. Brydone-Jack, M.E.I.C. 

April 12 — Visit to Dominion drydock, under construction, at Esquimalt, 

conducted by Messrs. J.P. Forde, m.e.i.c, G. B. Mitchell, 

m.e.i.c, and W. A. Gourlay, B.A.Sc., Fraser S. Keith, 

m.e.i.c, general secretary, was with us on this visit, and 

Mr. Keith later addressed the members and their wives 

at a reception at the home of the branch chairman. 

May 28 — Discussion on "Highways as affected by Motor Cars, and 

Motor Cars as affected by various types of Highways," 

led by E. E. Brydone-Jack, m.e.i.c, and P. Philip, m.e.i.c 

June 1 — Visit to H. M. S. Hood and Repulse of Special British Service 

Squadron. 
Sept. 5 — Luncheon in honour of H. M. Bigwood, a.m.e.i.c, on his 

leaving for Alberni. 
Oct. 8 — Discussion on "British Columbia Dams," led by E. 

Davis, m.e.i.c and E. G. Marriott, a.m.e.i.c 
Oct. 18 — Visit to Dominion Drydock, under construction, conducted 
by Messrs. J.P. Forde, M.E.I.C, W. A. Gourlay and G. B. 
Mitchell, m.e.i.c 



Nov. 5 — Luncheon in honour of Geo. A. Walkem, m.l.a., m.e.i.c, 

vice-president of E.I.C. who presented the branch charter. 

There was an average attendance of 48 at the above meetings - 

Membership 

The branch membership as at November 30th 1924, is as follows: — 





Branch 


Branch 






Residents 


Non-Residents 


Total 


Members 


34 


5 


39 


Associate Members 


37 


4 


41 


Juniors 


2 


1 


3 


Students 


3 





3 


Affiliates 


1 





1 



77 10 87 

The increase over the 71 shown in last years report is due to the 
inclusion of all of Vancouver Island and the islands adjacent, in the 
branch territory. 

Messrs E. E. Brydone-Jack, m.e.i.c, and P. Philip, m.e.i.c, of 
this branch were elected as president and vice-president respectively of 
the Association of Professional Engineers of British Columbia for 1924 
and Mr. Philip is the newly-elected president for 1925. Mr. Philip 
was also recently appointed deputy minister of public works. 

Committees 

Executive Committee: 

G. B. Mitchell, m.e.i.c (Chair) ■ Patrick Philip, m.e.i.c 

F. C. Green, m.e.i.c, (ex officio) M. P. Blair, m.e.i.c 

J. N. Anderson, A.M.E.I.C R. A. Bainbridge, m.e.i.c 

E. E. Brydone-Jack, M.E.I.C. E. P. Girdwood, m.e.i.c 

At a meeting of the executive held on December 18th 1924, the 
following committees were appointed: — 

Papers Committee: F. L. Macpherson, M.E.I.C, (Chair.); Patrick 
Philip, m.e.i.c, N. A. Yarrow, a.m.e.i.c 

Legislation Committee: All executive. 

Applications Committee: All executive. 
Town Planning Committee: E. A. Cleveland, M.E.I.C, (Chair.); W. S. 
Drewry, a.m.e.i.c, E. G. Marriott, a.m.e.i.c 

Social Committee: F. G. Aldous, a.m.e.i.c, E. G. Marriott, a.m.- 
e.i.c, C. F. P. Faulkner, a.m.e.i.c 

Publicity Committee: C. F. P. Faulkner, a.m.e.i.c, J. N. Anderson, 
a.m.e.i.c, J. H. Blake, a.m.e.i.c.R. F. Davy, a.m.e.i.c 

Attendance Committee: All executive. 

Library and House Committee: E. P. Girdwood, M.E.I.C, C. F. P. 
Faulkner, a.m.e.i.c, C. J. S. Orton, a.m.e.i.c 

Financial Statement 

The financial statement for the year ending November 30th, 1924 
is as follows: — Receipts 

Balance in bank Dec. 1st, 1923 $ 38.89 

Cash on hand Dec. 1st, 1923 8.78 

$ 47.67 

Branch Fees from Dec. 1st, 1923 to Nov. 30th, 1924. . 129.00 

Rebates from headquarters 152.18 

Sundries 1.90 

$283.08 

Disbursements $330.75 

Rent of room for year 90.00 

Printing notices 31.48 

Typing 6.75 

Exchange on cheques -35 

Light account 3.91 

Insurance 5.45 

Stationery 14.60 

Postage and excise 31.85 

Membership Chamber of Commerce 25.00 

Honorarium 30.00 

Lectures and visits 36.14 

Magazines 7.41 

Janitor 1-50 

Office door plate 2.50 

Telegrams 6.37 

Telephone 1-65 

Maps of district 1-00 

Guests at dinner 2.00 

Overpaid dues, adjustment .40 

Extension cord 2.35 

$300.71 

Balance in bank Nov. 30th, 1924 10.11 

Cash on hand Nov. 30th, 1924 19.93 

■ $ 30.04 



Respectfully submitted, 



$330.75 



F. C. Green, m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

E. P. Girdwood, m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer . 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



75 



Winnipeg Branch 

The President and Council, 

On behalf of the Winnipeg Branch we beg to submit the following 
report for the year 1924. 

Membership 

The membership of the branch at this date is 293 and of the branch 
district 31, a total of 324, distributed as follows:- 





Branch 


Branch District 


Total 


Members 


47 


3 


50 


Associate Members 


159 


21 


180 


Juniors 


27 


3 


30 




29 


4 


33 


Affiliates 


5 


— 


5 


Branch Affiliates 


26 


— 


26 



293 



31 



324 



Speaker 



Attendance 



Fifteen regular meetings were held during the year with an average 
attendance of 54. Excluding the smoking concert held on October 2nd, 
which was a joint affair with the Association of Professional Engineers, 
the average attendance was 45. The following is a detailed list of the 
regular meetings: — 

Meetings 

Date Subject 
Jan. 3 — "The Constitution of Mat- 
ter" Rev. Father Morton 97 

Feb. 7 — "The Financing of Mining 

Enterprises" Dr. R. C. Wallace 49 

Feb. 21— "Radio" J. M. F. Wilson, a.m.e.i.c. 21 

Mar. 6— "The Corrosion of Metals" Dr. J. W. Shipley 46 

Mar. 20 — "Forestry" Col. Stevenson 28 

April 3 — -Reports of Committees 33 

April 17 — "Electric Steam Genera- 
tors" L. G 



De Kermor 97 

1 — Annual meeting 48 

18 — "Construction of Reinforced 
Concrete Grain Eleva- 
tors" A. E. Macdonald, jr.E.i.c. . 23 

2 — Smoking concert 175 

16 — "Modern Flour Milling" . . .Theo. Kipp, M.E.I.C 17 

6 — "City Financing" H. C. Thomson 53 

20 — "Caterpillar Mounting un- 
der a Walking Dredge".. .A. E. Hardy, s.E.l.C 

"Railway Maintenance — 

Relaying Track" F. Robertson 36 

"Steam Standby Plant, 

City of Winnipeg" D. S. Young, S.E.l.C 

"Mechanical Grain Car Un- 

loaders" W. J. Reekie, s.E.l.C 36 

"Winnipeg River Water- 
shed" J. W. Sanger, a.m.e.i.c 49 

A branch golf competition was held on Southwood Course during 
the summer in which 28 members took part, the competition being won 
by S. S. Kennedy, a.m.e.i.c. 



May 

Sept. 

Oct. 
Oct. 

Nov. 
Nov. 



Dec. 4- 



Dec. 18- 



General 

At a smoking concert held on October 2nd a very pleasant cere- 
mony was held when the Branch Charter was presented by Major 
Walkem, M.E.I.C, vice-president for the zone, to H. A. Bowman, a.m.- 
e.i.c, and C. A. Millican, a.m.e.i.c, on behalf of the branch. Both 
Mr. Bowman and Mr. Millican are Charter Members of the Winnipeg 
Branch. 

The papers of November 20th, and December 4th, were given by 
Students of The Institute attending the university and were the papers 
which won prizes presented by the branch to the Engineering Faculty 
of the University. 

The branch was visited at the meeting held on March 6th, by 
Fraser S. Keith, M.E.I.C, general secretary, who addressed the branch 
on Institute affairs. During the course of his address Mr. Keith was 
handed a telegram announcing the death of the president, Walter J. 
Francis, so that the loss was brought home in a peculiarly poignant 
manner to the branch. 

Financial Statement 

The following is the financial statement for the year. 
Receipts 

Main Society Dues $ 10.00 

Local dues 469.00 

Rebates from headquarters 328.21 

Branch news 10.84 

Bank interest \ 33.77 

Bond interest 27.50 

Advertising 36.00 

Total receipts 915.32 

Bank balance, Dec. 31st, 1923 1,172.01 

Cash in hand and with secretary, Dec. 31st, 1923 . 36.00 

Over deposit 206.67 

$2,330.00 

Expenditures 

Total expenditures $1,044.81 

Bank balance Dec. 31st, 1924 1,253.44 

Cash in hand and with secretary Dec. 31st, 1924. . 31.75 

$2,330.00 
Assets 

Cash balance $1,285.19 

Rebates last quarter 38.60 

Local dues in arrears, 50 per cent written off 919.50 

Office furniture and library, 5 per cent depre- 
ciation 307.44 

War bonds 500.00 

$3,050.73 

Liabilities 

Accounts payable 103.35 

Surplus $2,947.38 

Respectfully submitted, 

D. L. McLean, a.m.e.i.c, Chairman. 

P. Burke-Gaffney, a.m.e.i.c, Secretary-Treasurer. 



76 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Building Construction Under Winter Conditions 

C. D. Harrington, 
Vice-President and Manager, Anglin-Norcross, Limited, Montreal. 

Paper read before the Annual General and General Professional Meeting, Montreal, Thursday, January 29th, 1925. 



For the purpose of this paper only certain trades 
common to the building industry will be dealt with, as I 
consider that outside of these trades the remaining ones 
require no very particular care and are not seriously 
affected by winter conditions. 

The trades, therefore, under consideration will be 
as follows: — 

A. — Excavation. 

B. — Foundations, — preparation for. 

C. — Concrete work, — plain and reinforced. 

D. — Masonry work, (i. e.) brick, terra cotta, stone work. 

and I will take these up in the above mentioned order. 

Excavation 

On small work where the volume of material to be 
removed is not large, and consequently, the equipment 
employed is light and depends on man's strength, the unit 
cost is of necessity considerably increased due to the 
ground being frozen to varying depths up to say five feet. 

Over and above the pick and shovel, steel wedges and 
sledge hammers are of great assistance where the frost 
is not too deep. Where the frost is very deep drilling 
the frozen ground at intervals dependent on the nature 
of the material and using suitable explosives will be found 
to be very advantageous. If the blocks after shooting are 
large, they may be broken down with steel wedges and 
hammers or handled directly to the teams with a small 
derrick. 

On large earth excavations where the employment 
of heavy mechanical equipment is warranted, the 
additional cost due to frost etc., is practically negligible. 
Where the frost is not heavy the shovel can handle same 
without assistance, but when the frost is heavy, the shovel 
must be assisted. 

Under the latter condition, the following method for 
assisting the shovel has been found to be very inexpensive 
and most satisfactory: Drill holes by hand using hand 
hammers and pointed bars about 1}^ inch in diameter, 
heating the pointed end of the bars to a red glow before 
starting; drill to about six inches from the bottom of the 
frost; load and shoot. The spacing of the holes, and the 
amount, and most suitable kind of explosive can readily 
be determined by trial, and the heating of the bars will be 
found to assist their progress greatly. No covering other 
than a mat should be necessary for shots of this kind. 

For trenches and pier holes, etc., these can either be 
followed up immediately behind the shovel before the 
frost gets in, or the surface of the ground over the trenches 
and pier holes, etc., may be covered with a light covering 
of manure thereby keeping the frost out until the work 
is started. 

If air is available, certain tools along the lines of a 
jack hammer combined with tools specially made to suit 
the conditions will be found to be of great assistance, par- 
ticularly where the dig is shallow and entirely frozen. 

In my opinion, rock work should be handled quite as 
advantageously in winter as in summer. True, excessive 
cold and snow will cause certain time to be lost but not 
more than will be lost by excessive heat and rain. 

Hand drillers will do, if anything, more work in winter 
than in the summer. Steam drilling is not economical 
in winter, due to excessive fuel requirements, condensation 
trouble and freeze ups. 



Air gives no trouble if properly'cooled and dried before 
being admitted to the feed lines. This can be done by 
passing the warm moist air coming directly from the 
compressor through either two or three separate containers 
as may be found necessary, this will remove all moisture 
and, consequently, the drills receive only cold dry air. 

The freezing of explosives should not be permitted, 
as when frozen, they are dangerous and uncertain. Keep 
them in a moderately heated place as far away from the 
actual work as possible. Double board walls filled with 
manure, and manure on the roof will keep frost out. 

Certain rocks will shatter more readily in winter than in 
summer, which, of course, is an advantage. 

Preparation for Foundations 

Rigid inspection and the greatest constant care must 
be exercised at all times. Our enemies are ever present 
and can be found under the following headings: — 

(1) Filtration Plant — Frost in the ground under 
footings, piers or slabs. It must be removed and 
not permitted to return. 

(2) School North End. — Ice or snow on top of the 
ground, which, when covered with dirt, looks 
harmless. Find it and remove it. 

(3) Cotton Mill Milltown. — Ice between banks 
and foundation walls where the backfilling has 
not been done at all or has not been properly done. 
Don't let it get there. 

Neglecting these points may cause loss of life, serious 
damage, long delays and great monetary loss. Inspection, 
common sense, quick lime, manure, coarse salt, steam, 
picks and shovels are all the equipment required to beat 
them. 

Concrete Work 

In general, all concrete work is affected by cold more 
or less seriously, according to the temperatures and the 
bulk of concrete being poured. 

It is safe to say that from the time the thermometer 
reaches 40° on down, great vigilance and care should be 
taken; unfortunately, the lack of recognition of this fact 
has left a serious trail of disaster as a record. 

In pouring concrete in temperatures from 40° down, 
all stone, sand and water must be heated, and for certain 
classes of heavier work, this precaution, with the addition 
of top covering, will suffice. If, however, the work is light 
and the temperatures low, the top covering should be 
materially increased. As a guide on walls 16 inches thick 
and over, the wall forms with top covering is sufficient, 
lighter walls should have external heat or additional side 
covering in low temperatures, this also applies to piers. 
Floors on earth must have top covering to keep the frost 
out of the ground. 

Coming to what might be termed structural concrete, 
such as columns, beams, floor slabs, where the individual 
members are comparatively small and the slabs com- 
paratively thin, we are faced with a more serious problem, 
for it is essential to entirely close in this work and apply 
artificial heat. 

In reasonable temperatures, canvas, sacking, or tar 
paper, will suffice for top covering, but in lower temperatu- 
res, hay, straw, manure, sawdust, etc. are required. 

A steam line direct from the boiler to the water tank 
of the mixer will give hot water in sufficient quantities at 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



77 



all times. On small work, a corrugated sheet steel pipe 
of 20-inch diameter or over, having a wood fire inside and 
both ends open, if placed under a pile of sand or stone, will 
heat same readily. 

On larger work, where large stock piles must be 
maintained, perforated steam coils, carried on planks on 
the ground, with the perforations down, will be found to 
be very effective, and in addition, the piles should be 
covered with tarpaulins or canvas. 

The closing in of reinforced concrete structures can 
be done in numerous ways, a complete separate housing, 
boarding on the vertical shores carrying the spandrel 
beams, tarpaulins, etc. The method adopted will depend 
on location, as costs vary greatly. The forms having been 
erected, the entire floor housed in and the steel laid heat 
must be applied. This can be very efficiently done by the 
use of salamanders and coke; the salamanders, about one 
to every 100 square feet, being placed about half way 
between floor and ceiling. After the slab is poured, these 
fires should be maintained for at least 48 hours, when they 
can be withdrawn and moved to the next floor, with this 
method, no top covering of the slab is required. 

Winter work requires one additional set more shores 
than summer work, as it is not safe to put the load on as 
fast. 

Before placing any concrete in column forms, all 
bottoms must be thoroughly steamed out to remove any 
ice which may have formed, and a handful or two of salt 
will prevent any ice from re-forming. 

All beams and slabs, where any snow or ice has 
accumulated, should be thoroughly steamed off. All 
reinforcing steel or structural steel must be inspected care- 
fully to see that no ice coating is present. The heated 
concrete should be placed as rapidly as possible, after it 
leaves the mixer, a concrete bucket, hopper and buggies 
although slower than shooting, are more economical in 
winter weather. 

After a day's pour, all horizontal and vertical joints 
should be very carefully inspected and signs of ice or leaks 
through bulk heads thoroughly removed before starting 
up again. All laitance should be removed from column 
heads as ice often looks like laitance. 

In winter, shores should be left in for at least one day 
per foot of span and careful records should be kept of 
dates of pouring, so that the stripping dates can be 
accurately determined. 

I do not recommend any of the anti-freeze materials 
that are on sale for severe climates such as we have here. 

If the weather looks doubtful or snow is expected 
and the reinforcing steel for any particular piece of work 
is laid, it will be found economical to cover it with tar- 
paulins, as it is far cheaper to lift the snow off on the 
tarpaulins than to attempt to broom it off or steam it off. 

Concrete frozen solid and then allowed to thaw and 
set continuously is good, but concrete subjected to 
repeated short intervals of thawing and freezing is useless. 

Laying cement finish monolithic with the slab in 
winter is very expensive and not satisfactory as a rule. 
It is better to lay a thicker finish at a later date thereby 
overcoming possible difficulties of bonding. 

Loose ice and frozen lumps of sand must be guarded 
against carefully. 

Masonry 

As a general rule, all sand and water used in mortar 
should be heated. If say ten per cent slaked hot lime be 
added, it will be found to be of great assistance. 



When setting cut stone wet or damp, mortar will 
be found to be unsatisfactory and not practical. The 
best method is to mix the mortar absolutely dry using 
finely screened materials. Lay a full even bed of this dry 
mortar and work the stone to be set to its proper place, 
inserting small wooden wedges in the face joints to prevent 
any twisting or slipping when this dry mortar eventually 
sets up. With the aid of a trowel, these dry joints can 
be packed absolutely full. 

Great care must be taken to see that all ice and snow 
is removed from all bricks, terra cotta or stone before 
laying or setting commences. All brick, stone or terra 
cotta should be absolutely dry, and heating brick and 
terra cotta before setting will be found to be beneficial. 
Never attempt to grout masonry work of any kind with 
wet grout in winter, as it will expand with frost and throw 
your work out of line. With the use of good cement 
mortar no other protection is necessary other than a top 
covering of boards or canvas which will keep snow off. 
All work must be carefully inspected every morning before 
starting up to be sure that no ice has formed on top of the 
previous day's work, if so, a little coarse salt will remove it. 
Lime mortar, as a rule, deteriorates rapidly in climates 
like ours, and should not be used on exterior work. 

Towards spring, when there is frost at night and 
a fairly strong sun during the day, walls will often twist 
badly, and if noticed at once, they can easily be straight- 
ened by the use of a straight edge and a fairly heavy 
hammer. 

Breeze blocks should never be used in winter without 
first having been subjected to rigid inspection as a breeze 
block taken right out of the mould and allowed to freeze 
solid looks and acts exactly like a properly cured block. 

The advantage of dry bricks will be very apparent 
towards spring, because a wet frozen brick laid in the sun 
begins to thaw and the additional moisture added to the 
mortar makes it almost impossible to keep the wall plumb 
and level, and it will also be found to greatly limit the 
height of work that can be laid in a day. 

It will always be found economical to protect masons 
on the scaffold from the wind and cold, as far as possible. 
Tarpaulins make excellent wind shields and salamanders 
here and there along the scaffold help greatly. For 
protecting stock piles of brick, etc., against snow or sleet, 
tarpaulins or canvas will be found to be very useful. 

Dry hot sand can be procured readily by placing the 
sand on large sheets of sheet metal supported on loose 
brick piers and placing a wood fire under the sheets. 

The supplying of a well heated shed for all trades 
where the men can eat their mid-day meal in comfort 
usually pays dividends. 

The surface of brickwork laid in winter usually, at a 
later date, becomes covered with a white hairy coating 
which I believe can be classed as salts of magnesia. This 
coating looks very badly but is not harmful. A mild 
solution of muriatic acid will remove this trouble tem- 
porarily, but the only final cure which will eventually 
take place will be found to be time and the elements. 
This condition seldom occurs during the summer months. 
No gypsum products are seriously affected by frost. Slab 
work of this nature can be poured without any protection 
and apparently is unharmed. 

In concluding, I cannot see any real reason why 
construction work should let up on account of our winter. 
Any reputable contractor can, with care, close supervision 
and a very small additional expense, overcome all the 
difficulties presented, and in a great many cases owners 
will receive returns on their investments much more 
quickly. 



78 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Pouring Concrete in Zero Weather 

Details of the construction of a large Hydro-Electric plant in Northern Quebec 

under severe winter conditions. 

C. N. Shanly, M.E.I.C. 
Construction Engineer, Price Bros, and Co. Limited, Kenogami, Que. 

Paper read before The Annual General and General Professional Meeting, Montreal, Thursday, January 29th, 1925. 



The tremendous increase in the amount of winter 
construction, which has been so marked in recent years, 
and the (as yet) unfortunate scarcity of published inform- 
ation dealing with the effects of low temperatures, both 
onj costs and methods employed to combat them, have 
prompted the writer to set down such data as he has 
been able to gather from his experience, supplemented 
here and there by notes supplied by the courtesy of 
brother engineers who have been engaged on winter work. 
The data has been collected entirely on hydro-electric 
developments in the northern part of Quebec province, 
and deals almost exclusively with mass concrete. 

Winter Conditions 

Before going into the subject of winter concreting, 
it" would not be out of place perhaps to consider, briefly, 
the conditions which low temperatures impose on winter 
work in general. In this connection, it may be taken as 
axiomatic that almost any construction which can be 
undertaken in summer can be as satisfactorily carried on 
during the winter months, provided the necessary pre- 
cautions against frost are taken. Usually, these precau- 
tions will add both to the cost and the time of doing 
the work. On the other hand, there are some operations 
which are better adapted to winter than to summer 
conditions: 

The factors against winter work are, briefly, as 
follows: 

(1) — Winter conditions affect labour adversely, 

heavy clothing impedes movement, and severe 
weather necessitates that men be allowed to 
stop work frequently to warm themselves. 

(2) — The hours of daylight are shorter, artificial 

lighting is more expensive and less satisfactory. 




m 



rat 2 



(3) — The question of water supply must be given 

more serious consideration and all pipes, pumps, 
tanks, etc., protected from frost. 

(4) — Hoisting engines, mixers and machinery 

generally must be more carefully housed, and 
steam pipes, valves and connections specially 
protected. 
To offset these conditions, winter work offers the 
following advantages: 

(1) — A much better selection of labour, and, hence, 

a smaller turnover, both made possible by the 
comparative inactivity in the construction 
industry. 

(2) — At this season, low water prevails in rivers 

and lakes and, as the maximum discharge of an 
uncontrolled river may easily be a hundred or 
more times the minimum, this may greatly 
simplify the problem of unwatering. To take 
advantage of this, however, it will usually be 
necessary to complete the work to the "water 
line" before the spring floods. 

(3) — Where the job is located some distance from a 

railway, particularly in undeveloped regions, 
it is not improbable that hauling costs may be 
reduced sixty (60%) per cent or more by 
doing the work in cold weather. On winter 
roads, distances, grades and surfaces may fre- 
quently be materially improved at little or no 
expense. 
For a further discussion of winter conditions, the 
reader is referred to an article published in the Engineering 
News-Record, October 12th, 1922, page 600: "Lost time 
in Construction", by C. S. Hill. 

Usual Method of Concreting in Winter 

Concrete, in every way equal to the best summer 
product, may be poured under severe winter conditions 
provided the materials are heated before mixing, all ice 
and snow carefully removed from foundations and con- 
struction joints, and the green concrete protected. The 




Figure No. 1. — Gravity section wing wall poured in January 
1923, with a temperature variation of+20°F to-30.5°F. 



Figure No. 2. — Hauling generator parts on winter roads with 

tractor. The sleigh was designed to distribute the load 

while crossing some bad ice in the early spring. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



79 



methods employed will, of course, vary with the size and 
nature of the job, the method of doing the work and the 
severity of the weather. The usual practice to-day is to 
make stock piles of sand and gravel on top of a system 
of steam pipes. These pipes are usually one inch to one 
and one-half inches in diameter, and laid three or four 
feet apart. If these pipes have three-sixteenth inch holes 
drilled on twelve-inch centres, it will facilitate the work 
of shovellers, but these are not necessary where a "clam 
shell" is used. Where sand is handled by shovellers, it 
will probably be necessary in severe weather to heat the 
sand locally, by means of a flexible steam hose with a 
perforated nozzle, immediately before it is to be handled. 
The green concrete is covered with tarpaulins which should 
be sufficiently large not only to cover all exposed surfaces 
but to leave an air space around them. A steam pipe 
with an open end is inserted under the tarpaulins and 
allowed to remain there until about two hours after the 
concrete has taken its final set, unless another lift is to 
be poured before that. The water line is usually allowed 
to empty into an oil barrel at the mixer and is there heated 
by a steam jet operated by one of the mixer gang. Before 
pouring, the foundations and all construction joints are 
carefully gone over with a steam jet and all snow and 
ice removed. 

Additional Methods Recommended 

The method of heating just described requires that 
steam lines be laid to all parts of the job and that the 
location of these lines be changed frequently as the work 
progresses. Consequently, the tendency is to consider 
them as temporary, and they are frequently laid on top 
of the ground without any attempt being made to protect 
them either from radiation losses or damage. The writer 
is convinced that this is a mistake and that any reasonable 
expenditure on protection will prove a saving in the long 
run. The method advocated is to build "mains" to the 
various parts of the work. These mains to be buried in 
not less than one foot of earth or, where this is not prac- 
ticable, to be covered with two feet of manure or loose 
earth and boxed in. Connections should be left on these 
"mains", at convenient points, from which short, tem- 
porary lines can be run from day to day as required. 
These connections should be housed and marked so that 
they can be easily located, even in deep snow. This will 
keep the length of exposed pipe at all times as short as 
practicable. Some definite member of the pipe-fitter 
gang should be made responsible for the daily inspection 
and repair of such exposed parts of the system. Failure 
of a steam line during concreting may easily cause the 
total loss of several hours pour and even necessitate the 
temporary shutting-down of the mixer. 

Concrete may be placed either by buggies or chuting. 
The latter method is inferior unless kept up continuously 





S.r 



,ifT^!£ 










IS? 



^^3r 



Figure No. 3. — Showing concreting tower and chutes 
and mixing plant housed for winter work. 

as the chutes have to be cleaned after every shut-down 
and this is both a dangerous and expensive operation. 
A somewhat larger chute than that used in summer time 
and a curved cross strap instead of a flat one will be 
found decided improvements. 

Effects of Frost on Concrete 

There is, as yet, very little precise data on the effects 
of frost on concrete. The following interesting inform- 
ation was disclosed by experiments carried out at 
St. Joseph d'Alma last winter by the Quebec Develop- 
ment Company, and was furnished to the writer by 
H. G. Cochrane, a.m.e.i.c: — 

(1) — "Fresh concrete poured on top of concrete 
which has been frozen before setting, and is still in a 
frozen condition, makes a perfect bond." 




(1) Present Chute. 



(2) Suggested Chute. 



Figure No. 4. 



80 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



(2) — "In the case of test specimens subjected to 
"below zero" temperatures, those frozen before initial set 
takes place attain an average of 70 per cent of the strength 
of similar specimens cured under best conditions. Those 
frozen after initial set attain 80 per cent of strength of 
similar unfrozen specimens, and those frozen immediately 
after final set attain 95 per cent of strength of similar 
unfrozen specimens. It should be noted, however, that 
test specimens in cylinders lack hydrostatic pressure to 
re-consolidate them after the partially set particles of 
concrete are disrupted by the expansive force exerted by 
the freezing of the unabsorbed particles of water in the 
fluid or partially set concrete. In the case of a big mass, 
the superimposed concrete consolidates the previous 
pouring while the thawing process is going on, and the 
loss of strength is confined to the outside surfaces of the 
masonry block." 

(3) — "Concrete subjected to a second freezing is 
seriously damaged . ' ' 

(4) — "It was found that in many cases the unpro- 
tected portions of the concrete froze to a depth of from 
two to four inches over night, and to a depth of twelve 
inches over a period of two weeks." After covering with 
fresh concrete, the temperature in the frozen portion 
rose to 70° F. ± within a period of from twelve to twenty 
days, as also did the temperature of the fresh concrete 
immediately above the joint." 

In an editorial of the Engineering News-Record, of 
April 3rd, 1924, page 555, entitled "A lesson in Cold 
Weather Concreting", it is stated that, "To have safe 
concrete the whole mix before dumping should be at least 
60° in temperature". This article refers to comparatively 
thin reinforced sections and is no doubt sound practice 
for such work. The writer, however, knows of several 
cases where mass concrete has been placed in the forms 
at temperatures between 40° and 45° F. and, when 
suitably protected, has set up quite satisfactorily. 

Cost of Heating Concrete in Winter 

By costs of heating concrete are meant the additional 
cost of winter concreting over summer concreting. They 



should properly include not only the cost of protecting 
the concrete itself and heating the materials that go 
into it, but also the cost of cleaning mixers, chutes, 
buggies, tools, etc., and removing ice and snow from 
foundations and construction joints, as most of this work 
is done by steam. It is often difficult, if not impossible, 
on winter work, to distinguish between steam used for 
heating and steam used for power, as both are generally 
supplied from the same boilers. In the following figures 
an effort has been made to separate these two items. 

During the winter of 1922-23, the writer was in 
charge of the construction of a dam and power house 
in the northern part of Quebec. Concreting was begun 
on the 18th of January, and carried out continuously, 
twenty-four hours a day, till April 27th, a period of 
exactly one hundred days. The temperatures during this 
time ranged from -30° F. to +70° F. The average was 
+ 14° F.; the average minimum was -0.5° F., and the 
average maximum +29.5° F. The greatest daily range 
was 62° F., the least, 5° F., and the average 28° F. 

Between the above-mentioned dates, 25,309 cubic 
yards were poured at a cost, for heating, of $12,462.76, 
or approximately 50 cents a yard. These costs were 
made up as follows: — 

Materials $ 6,450.50 or 52 per cent 

Labour 5,418.79 or 43 per cent 

Overhead 593.47 or 5 per cent 

The cost of coal delivered on the job, was $11.50 
a ton, and the rate for common labour was 30 cents per 
hour. 

Mr. G. B. Snow, a.m.e.i.c, reports the following 
conditions on the construction of a dam and power house 
for the town of Bagotville, built during the winter of 
1923-24. The cost of heating concrete was $2.10 a cubic 
yard, for 2,200 cubic yards poured in a period of twenty- 
one days. During this time the lowest temperature 
recorded was -32° F. and the average +52° F. The 
cost of coal on the job was $16.00 a ton, and the wages 
of common labour 30 cents an hour. Mr. Snow, however, 
was unable to exclude all plant operation charges from 
this figure. 



February, 1925 THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 81 



Address by President Arthur Surveyer, D.Eng., M.E.I.C. 

Remarks Presented at the Annual Meeting after Election to the Presidency of the 
Engineering Institute of Canada, Tuesday, Jan. 27th, 1925. 

Gentlemen: 

In electing me to the office of president of The Engineering Institute of Canada you have conferred 
upon me the greatest honour which it was in your power to give and you have made me realize one of my 
greatest ambitions. In fact, what greater recompense can an engineer wish for than to receive the official recogni- 
tion from his peers as indicated by his election to the presidency of The Engineering Institute of Canada. 

It is a strange turn of the wheel of fortune which has led me to succeed in office the two men whom 
I have always regarded as my best friends in the profession. 

Mr. Arthur St. Laurent, who was at the time of his death chief engineer of the Public Works Depart- 
ment, was my first chief after my graduation. I had the honour to serve under him for seven years and I 
canNruthfully say that I owe to him the best of my engineering formation. 

NMy relations with Mr. Francis began just as I was leaving the government service to open up an office 
in Montreal. I will never forget his cordial welcome to a newcomer nor the fact that during the thirteen 
years which followed the most cordial relations persisted between our two firms even when we were employed 
by opposing interests. It was Mr. Francis' enthusiasm for the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers which 
led me to take an active part in the affairs of The Institute and it is therefore to him that I owe the honour 
of having the privilege of addressing you to-day. 

The Institute has had a very rapid growth in the last six years: the number of our members has increased 
from 3,000, in 1917 to over 5,000, in 1924. During this period our revenue has changed from $24,000 a year 
to over $80,000 a year and the number of our branches has augmented from 9 to 24 branches distributed all 
over the country. 

You have noted in the report of the Finance Committee that our revenue has not quite kept pace 
with our expenditure, and that we are passing through what the psychologist would call the depressing period 
of the plateau. It will be one of the most important duties of the Council which you have just elected to 
devise ways and means to start us afresh in the upward slope of progress. 

In looking to-day over the report of the various branches, I was very much impressed by the number 
of valuable papers which have been presented during the year, in all parts of Canada, and I could not help 
but revert to the old days when our contribution to the engineering literature was limited to the presentation 
of an occasional paper here in Montreal. 

The creation of these branches has therefore led, not only to a greater solidarity amongst the members 
of the engineering profession, but it has also contributed to bring the public to a better realization of the 
variety and importance of the activities of the members of our Institute. 

Another very important factor in the development of our Society was the founding of The Engineering 
Journal. This publication now comes to you every month containing not only the best technical articles 
on the questions of the day but giving you also the latest news concerning the activities of your fellow members 
and of the various branches. With The Journal we have become more human, we have developed an interest 
in our fellow engineers instead of concentrating on inanimate things and The Institute has benefitted by 
this evolution in our philosophy. 

You have noted by the contents of the reports of our committees how during the past year the members 
of this Institute have again given evidence of their devotion to the public good by serving gratuitously on the 
Institute's Fuel Committee, the Dominion Fuel Board, the Committee on the Deterioration of Concrete in 
Alkali Soils, the Canadian Engineering Standards Committee and on the Canadian delegation to the World 
Power Conference. There is no doubt that the work of the members of The Institute on these committees 
has been very valuable to Canada and has also served to place the engineers in evidence, but I wonder, some- 
times, if the fact of our devoting, without remuneration, so much of our time to the service of our country 
does not tend to cheapen the engineers in the eyes of our public men. 

I could not close this brief review of last season's activities without referring more particularly to the 
Canadian participation at the World Power Conference held in London, last July. The members of The 
Institute submitted on this occasion a series of most meritorious papers which were published afterwards 
in a special number of The Engineering Journal. These sixteen studies constitute a magnificent expose of 
the power situation in Canada and reflect great credit on their authors as well as on the whole Institute. But 
not only did our members contribute remarkable technical studies but fifteen of them also travelled to London 
in order to attend this conference and, by dividing up the work amongst themselves managed to take part 
in all the important discussions, thus adding, in every case, to their already excellent reputation. After 
the conference these men separated into two groups, one going to visit the power plants of Scandinavia and 
the other group travelling to France, Switzerland and Italy. 

Where all have done so well it is difficult to single out anybody, but I think that I am only voicing 
the opinion of the delegates themselves when I say to you that Mr. Chaflies, our vice-president, and Mr. Keith, 
our secretary, deserve your special commendation for their work on this occasion. There is no doubt that 
the Canadian participation in the World Power Conference has led to a better realization, by foreign engineers, 
of the wealth of our power resources and also to a better appreciation, by them, of the competence and of the 
executive ability of our Canadian engineers. 



82 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



THE 



ENGINEERING JOURNAL 

THE JOURNAL OF 

THE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE 

OF CANADA 



Board of Management 

President 
ARTHUR SURVEYER 

Past Presidents 

ROSS J. M. R. FAIRBAIRN 

Vice-President 

F. P. SHEAR WOOD 

Councillors 

FREDERICK B. BROWN C. M. McKERGOW 



r.;;a. 



Editor and Manager 

FRASER S. KEITH 

Assistant Editor and Manager 

N. E. D. SHEPPARD 





ASSOCIATE EDITORS 




F. JAS. BRIDGES . 


Border Cities ROBERT HOGG . . 


. Niagara Falls 


W. ST. J. MILLER 


Calgary F. C. C. LYNCH . . 


. Ottawa 


D. W. J. BROWN . 


Cape Breton W. E. ROSS . . 


. Peterborough 


W. R. MOUNT . . 


Edmonton EUGENE ROY . . 


. Quebec 


K. L. DAWSON. . 


Halifax J. W. D. FARRELL . 


. Regina 


H. B. STUART . . 


Hamilton H. B. PELLETIER 


. Saguenay 


G. J. SMITH . . 


Kingston A. H. RUSSELL . . 


. Sault Ste. Marie 


GEO. P. BROPHY . 


Lakebead W. J. JOHNSTON 


. St. John 


GEO. S. BROWN . 


Lethbridge L. W. WYNNE-ROBERTS Toronto 


B. A. GRAY . . 


London P. H. BUCHAN . . 


. Vancouver 


M. A. McCABE . 


Moncton E. P. GIRDWOOD 


. Victoria 


W. H. ABBOTT 


Montreal JAMES QUAIL . . 
Toronto Representative 


. Winnipeg 


Frank B. Thompson, S.E.I.C., 38 King Street, West, 


Toronto, Ontario. 


Vol. VIII 


February 1925 


No. 2 



The Headquarters Organization 

The Council of The Institute is sorry to have to make 
the announcement that Mr. Fraser S. Keith, who has been 
Secretary of The Institute for the last eight years, has 
decided to resign the secretaryship, in order to accept a 
position as manager of the Department of Development 
of the Shawinigan Water & Power Company. 

When Mr. Keith took the secretaryship, the Society 
was in a very difficult position and it is largely due to 
his energy and to his versatile ability that The Institute 
has been able to make such a remarkable showing during 
the last few years. The Council is pleased, however, to 
announce that Mr. Keith does not entirely sever his 
connection with The Institute, and that he will remain 
as Secretary to the Council in an advisory capacity in all 
matters pertaining to The Institute and more particularly 
in the questions affecting the Journal. 

(Signed) Arthur Surveyer, 
President. 



The Annual and Professional Meeting 

The thirty-ninth annual general and general pro- 
fessional meeting of The Institute, the sessions of which 
occupied three days, January twenty-seventh, twenty- 
eighth and twenty-ninth, nineteen twenty-five, was held 
at the Windsor Hotel, Montreal, and will be remembered 
by all those members in attendance as one of the most 
interesting and enjoyable annual meetings of The Institute. 

All those in attendance, particularly the visiting 
members from other branches, spoke very highly of the 
excellent programme and the carefully planned arrange- 
ments for the meeting, the details for which rested in the 
hands of the Annual Meeting Committee, composed of 
members of the Montreal Branch, who so unstintingly 
devoted their time and energy in making this meeting 
such an outstanding success. 

The technical sessions, which included the reading 
of a number of papers and a lengthy discussion on the 
subject of engineering education on the first day of the 
professional meeting, and some interesting papers and 
discussions on winter construction at the joint session 
with the Association of Canadian Building and Con- 
struction Industries on the second day of the meeting, 
proved to be of the greatest interest. 

In addition to these sessions, arrangements for the 
luncheons, the smoker and the dance left nothing to be 
desired by those who were able to attend these functions. 
As a fitting closing for the three days session, the members 
were given the opportunity of visiting a number of 
industrial and engineering works in the city. From the 
opening day to the final event on the programme, the 
meeting was one which was thoroughly enjoyed by all 
who were present. 



Award of Institute Prizes 

The reports of the various committees appointed to 
judge the papers eligible for the various prizes of The 
Institute were presented at the annual meeting and it is 
a pleasure to announce that in accordance with these 
reports the following prizes will be awarded: — 

Gzowski Medal to D. W. McLachlan, m.e.i.c, for his 
paper, "The St. Lawrence River Problem", pub- 
lished in the March 1924 issue of The Journal. 

Leonard Medal to W. L. Uglow for his paper, "The 
Undiscovered Mines of British Columbia", published 
in the October 1923 issue of the Bulletin of The 
Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 

Plummer Medal to Gordon Sproule, a.m.e.i.c, for his 
paper, "Metals in Engineering Service" published 
in the December 1923 issue of The Journal. 

Students' Prizes to F. E. Hawker, S.e.i.c, for his paper, 
"Underground Electrical Conduits"; 

E. Gray Donald, s.e.i.c, for his paper, "Hydro- 
Electric Power Distribution"; 

H. Greenberg, s.e.i.c, for his paper, ( ' ; 'Low Tem- 
perature Carbonization and Its Products"; 

H. M. Thompson, jr.E.i.c, for his paper, "Mechan- 
ical Equipment used in Road Construction and 
Maintenance". 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



83 



The Thirty -Ninth Annual Meeting 



The annual general meeting of The Institute was held 
at the Windsor hotel, on Tuesday, January twenty- 
seventh, nineteen hundred and twenty-five. President 
Arthur Surveyer, D.Eng., m.e.i.c, opened the meeting at 
ten thirty a.m. 

Reading of Minutes 

It was moved by B. S. McKenzie, m.e.i.c, seconded 
by G. G. Murdoch, m.e.i.c, that the minutes of the 
thirty-eighth annual meeting as published on page eighty- 
five, in the February 1924 issue of The Journal, be taken 
as read and approved. Motion carried. 

Appointment of Scrutineers 

It was moved by Major C. M. McKergow, m.e.i.c, 
seconded by R. H. Mather, a.m.e.i.c, that Messrs. B. S. 
McKenzie, m.e.i.c, and W. D. Lawrence, m.e.i.c, be 
appointed scrutineers to report the result of the ballot. 
Motion carried. 

Appointment of Auditors 

It was moved by Sir Alex. Bertram, m.e.i.c, seconded 
by Brig.-Gen. C. H. Mitchell, m.e.i.c, that Messrs. 
Riddell, Stead, Graham and Hutchison, be appointed 
auditors for the ensuing year. Motion carried. 

Report of Council 

It was moved by E. G. Cameron, a.m.e.i.c, seconded 
by J. A. Grant, a.m.e.i.c, that the report of Council as 
published on page forty-five of the February issue of The 
Journal, be adopted. Motion carried. 

Reports of Committees 

Finance Committee: — It was moved by Sir Alex 
Bertram, m.e.i.c, seconded by Brig.-Gen. C. H. Mitchell, 
m.e.i.c, that the report of the Finance Committee as 
published on page forty-eight of the February issue of the 
Journal, be adopted. Motion carried. 

Library and House Committee: — It was moved by 
Brig.-Gen. C. H. Mitchell, m.e.i.c, seconded by Sam G. 
Porter, m.e.i.c, that the report of the Library and House 
Committee, as published on page forty-seven of the 
February issue of The Journal, be adopted. Motion 
carried. 

Legislation and By-laws Committee: — It was moved 
by K. G. Cameron, a.m.e.i.c, seconded by G. G. Omman- 
ney, m.e.i.c, that the report of the Legislation and By-laws 
Committee, as published on page forty-seven of the 
February issue of The Journal, be adopted. Motion 
carried. 

Board of Examiners and Education Committee: — It 
was moved by Major C. M. McKergow, m.e.i.c, seconded 
by R. H. Mather, a.m.e.i.c, that the report of the Legis- 
lation and By-laws Committee as published on page 
forty-seven of the February issue of The Journal, be 
adopted. Motion carried. 

Code of Ethics Committee: — It was moved by R. O. 
Wynne-Roberts, m.e.i.c, seconded by R. F. Uniacke, 
m.e.i.c, that the report of the Code of Ethics Committee, 
as published on page fifty, of the February issue of 
The Journal, be adopted. Motion carried. 

Students' Activities Committee: — It was moved by 
Professor T. R. Loudon, m.e.i.c, seconded by Doctor R. A. 
Ross, that the report of the Students' Activities Committee 
as published on page fifty, of the February issue of The 
Journal, be adopted. Motion carried. 



Nominating Committee: — It was moved by K. B. 
Thornton, m.e.i.c, seconded by R. M. Hannaford, 
m.e.i.c, that the Nominating Committee — 1925 as 
published on page fifty of the February issue of The 
Engineering Journal, be approved. Motion carried. 

Gzowski Medal Committee: — It was moved by Brig.- 
Gen. C. H. Mitchell, m.e.i.c, seconded by Alex Gray, 
m.e.i.c, that the report of the Gzowski Medal Committee, 
as published on page fifty of the February issue of The 
Journal, be adopted. Motion carried. 

Leonard Medal Committee: — It was moved by 
G. G. Ommanney, m.e.i.c, seconded by P. P. Westbye, 
m.e.i.c, that the report of the Leonard Medal Committee, 
as published on page fifty of the February issue of 
The Journal, be adopted. Motion carried. 

Plummer Medal Committee: — It was moved by 
G. G. Ommanney, m.e.i.c, seconded by P. P. Westbye, 
m.e.i.c, that the report of the Plummer Medal Committee, 
as published on page fifty of the February issue of The 
Journal, be adopted. Motion carried. 

Students' Prizes Committee: — It was moved by 
Major C. M. McKergow, m.e.i.c, seconded by F. W. 
Cowie, m.e.i.c, that the Students' Prizes Committee 
report, as published on page fifty of the February issue of 
The Journal, be adopted. Motion carried. 

Honour Roll and War Trophies Committee: — It was 
moved by Brig.-Gen. C. H. Mitchell, m.e.i.c, seconded 
by Sir Alex Bertram, m.e.i.c, that the report of the 
Honour Roll and War Trophies Committee, as published 
on page fifty-one of the February issue of The Journal, be 
adopted. Motion carried. 

International Co-operation Committee: — It was moved 
by R. O. Wynne-Roberts, m.e.i.c, seconded by J. H. 
Hunter, m.e.i.c, that the report of the International 
Co-operation Committee, as published on page fifty-one 
of the February issue of The Journal, be adopted. Motion 
carried. 

Apprenticeship and Training of Engineers Committee: 
— It was moved by F. W. Cowie, m.e.i.c, seconded by 
Stanley Shupe, m.e.i.c, that the report of the Committee 
on Apprenticeship and Training of Engineers, as published 
on page fifty-one of the February issue of The Journal, 
be received and referred to Council for consideration, the 
discussion to be held over until the session on Engineering 
Education. Motion carried. 

Fuel Committee: — It was moved by O. O. Lefebvre, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by G. G. Murdoch, m.e.i.c, that the 
report of the Fuel Committee, as published in the Novem- 
ber and December 1924 issues of The Journal, pages 678 
and 721, respectively, be adopted. Motion carried. 

Deterioration of Concrete in Alkali Soils Committee: — 
It was moved by Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, seconded by 
F. W. Cowie, m.e.i.c, that the report of the Deterioration 
of Concrete in Alkali Soils Committee, as published on 
page fifty-two of the February issue of The Journal, be 
adopted, and that felicitations of this meeting be conveyed 
to the Committee for the work they have accomplished. 
Motion carried. 

Canadian Engineering Standards Committee: — It was 
moved by Sir Alex Bertram, m.e.c.i., seconded by J. A. 
Grant, a.m.e.i.c, that the report of the Canadian 
Engineering Standards Committee, as published on page 
fifty-four of the February issue of The Journal, be adopted. 
Motion carried. 



84 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Reports of Branches 

Border Cities Branch: — On motion by A. J. M. 
Bowman, a.m.e.i.c, seconded by F. I. Ker, a.m.e.i.c, the 
report of the Border Cities Branch (February Journal 
page fifty-seven), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

Calgary Branch: — On motion by Major C. M. 
McKergow, m.e.i.c, seconded by C. R. Young, m.e.i.c, 
the report of the Calgary Branch (February Journal page 
fifty-seven), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

Cape Breton Branch: — On motion by K. G. Cameron, 
a.m.e.i.c, seconded by O. O. Lefebvre, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Cape Breton Branch (February Journal page 
fifty-eight), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

Edmonton Branch: — On motion by C. R. Young, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by W. H. Abbott, a.m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Edmonton Branch (February Journal page fifty- 
nine), was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Halifax Branch: — On motion by S. Fortin, m.e.i.c, 
seconded by E. A. Ryan, a.m.e.i.c, the report of the 
Halifax Branch (February Journal page fifty-nine), was 
taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Hamilton Branch: — On motion by F. I. Ker, 
a.m.e.i.c, seconded by Sir Alex Bertram, m.e.i.c, the 
report of the Hamilton Branch (February Journal page 
sixty), was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Kingston Branch: — On motion by J. A. Grant, 
a.m.e.i.c, seconded by E. G. Cameron, a.m.e.i.c, the 
report of the Kingston Branch (February Journal page 
sixty-one), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

Lakehead Branch: — On motion by O. O. Lefebvre, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by J. H. Hunter, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Lakehead Branch (February Journal page sixty- 
one), was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Lelhbridge Branch: — On motion by Sam G. Porter, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by Brig.-Gen. C. H. Mitchell, m.e.i.c, 
the report of the Lethbridge Branch (February Journal 
page sixty-two), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

London Branch: — On motion by J. L. Busfield, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by P. L. Pratley, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the London Branch (February Journal page sixty-two), 
was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Moncton Branch: — On motion by O. O. Lefebvre, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by R. O. Wynne-Roberts, m.e.i.c, the 
report of the Moncton Branch (February Journal page 
sixty-three), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

Montreal Branch: — There was considerable discus- 
sion regarding the report of the Montreal Branch during 
which it was pointed out that the part of the report dealing 
with the Hudson's Bay and Port Nelson Railway, had 
been abstracted for the purpose of publishing the report 
in the advance proofs. It was moved by O. O. Lefebvre, 
M.e.i.c, seconded by J. H. Hunter, m.e.i.c, that the 
report of the Montreal Branch as published in the advance 
proofs should be amended to include the full report 
regarding the Hudson's Bay and Port Nelson Railway, as 
read by the mover. Motion carried. 

Niagara Peninsula Branch: — On motion by E. G. 
Cameron, a.m.e.i.c, seconded by F. E. Sterns, a.m.e.i.c, 
the report of the Niagara Peninsula Branch (February 
Journal page sixty-five), was taken as read and received. 
Motion carried. 



Ottawa Branch: — On motion by A. B. Lambe, 
a.m.e.i.c, seconded by J. W. Hayward, a.m.e.i.c, the 
report of the Ottawa Branch (February Journal page 
sixty-five), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

Peterborough Branch: — On motion by F.R. Faulkner, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by H. W. McKiel, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Peterborough Branch (February Journal page 
sixty-eight), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

Quebec Branch: — On motion by O. O. Lefebvre, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by B. S. McKenzie, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Quebec Branch (February Journal page sixty-nine) 
was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Saguenay Branch: — On motion by K. B. Thornton, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by O. O. Lefebvre, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Saguenay Branch (February Journal page sixty- 
nine), was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Saskatchewan Branch: — On motion by D. W. 
McLachlan, m.e.i.c, seconded by K. B. Thornton, 
M.e.i.c, the report of the Saskatchewan Branch (February 
Journal page seventy), was taken as read and received. 
Motion carried. 

Sault Ste Marie Branch: — On motion by J. W. LeB. 
Ross, m.e.i.c, seconded by R. O. Wynne-Roberts, m.e.i.c, 
the report of the Sault Ste Marie Branch (February 
Journal page seventy-one), was taken as read and received. 
Motion carried. 

St. John Branch: — On motion by G. G. Hare, 
M.e.i.c, seconded by F. P. Vaughan, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the St. John Branch (February Journal page seventy- 
one), was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Toronto Branch: — On motion by J. M. Oxley, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by T. R. Loudon, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Toronto Branch (February Journal page seventy- 
two), was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Vancouver Branch: — On motion by Brig.-Gen. C. H. 
Mitchell, m.e.i.c, seconded by F. W. Cowie, m.e.i.c, the 
report of the Toronto Branch (February Journal page 
seventy-two), was taken as read and received. Motion 
carried. 

Victoria Branch: — On motion by J. H. Hunter, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by O. O. Lefebvre, m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Victoria Branch (February Journal page seventy- 
four), was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Winnipeg Branch: — On motion by Alex Gray, 
m.e.i.c, seconded by A. B. Lambe, a.m.e.i.c, the report 
of the Winnipeg Branch (February Journal page seventy- 
five), was taken as read and received. Motion carried. 

Members Attend Rotary Club Luncheon 

Following the morning session of the annual general 
meeting, the members were given an opportunity, through 
the courtesy of the Rotary Club of Montreal to 
attend the Club's luncheon at which J. D. Craig, m.e.i.c, 
director-general of surveys gave a most interesting 
address on "Conditions in the Arctic", illustrating his 
remarks with motion pictures. 

Invitation from Toronto Branch 

During the afternoon session J. Morrow Oxley, 
m.e.i.c, chairman of the Toronto Branch, read to the 
meeting a letter addressed to the President and members 
of The Institute extending a cordial invitation to have 
the fortieth annual general and general professional 
meeting held in Toronto in January nineteen twenty-six. 
The invitation was accepted and approved by council. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



85 



Application for New Branch 

The secretary announced the receipt of a formal 
application from members of The Institute in the St. 
Maurice Valley asking that a branch of The Institute 
be established in that district. 

Officers for 1925 

Prior to the presentation of the report of the scru- 
tineers appointed to examine the ballot for the election 
of officers, President Surveyer called upon Brig.-Gen. 
C. H. Mitchell, m.e.i.c, to preside while the report was 
being received. 

On presentation of the scrutineers' report the follow- 
ing elections to office were confirmed: 

President 

Arthur Surveyer, m.e.i.c. 

Vice-Presidents 

Zone a A. S. Dawson, m.e.i.c. 

Zone c K. B. Thornton, M.E.I.C. 

Councillors 

Victoria Branch District G. B. Mitchell, m.e.i.c. 

Lethbridge Branch District H. W. Meech, a.m.e.i.c. 

Edmonton Branch District R. W. Ross, a.m.e.i.c. 

Winnipeg Branch District E. V. Caton, M.E.I.C. 

Lakehead Branch District H. M. Lewis, A.M.E.I.C. 

Sault Ste Marie Branch District C. H. E. Rounthwaite, a.m.e.i.c. 

London Branch District H. A. Brazier, M.E.I.C. 

Border Cities Branch District W. H. Baltzell, M.E.I.C. 

Niagara Peninsula Branch District . F. S. Lazier, m.e.i.c. 

Hamilton Branch District W. F. McLaren, M.E.I.C. 

Toronto Branch District H. K. Wicksteed, M.E.I.C. 

Peterborough Branch District R. L. Dobbin, M.E.I.C. 

Kingston Branch District W. P. Wilgar, M.E.I.C. 

Montreal Branch District Geo. R. MacLeod, M.E.I.C. 

J. T. Farmer, m.e.i.c. 
O. O. Lefebvre, m.e.i.c. 
J. H. Hunter, M.E.I.C. 

Quebec Branch District L. C. Dupuis, A.M.E.I.C. 

Saguenay Branch District G. E. LaMothe, A.M.E.I.C. 

Moncton Branch District C. S. G. Rogers, A.M.E.I.C. 

St. John Branch District G. G. Murdoch, M.E.I.C. 

Halifax Branch District A. R. Chambers, M.E.I.C. 

Installation of Newly-Elected President 

Following the presentation of the scrutineers' report 
Brig.-Gen. C. H. Mitchell, m.e.i.c, called upon Past- 
President Colonel W. P. Anderson, m.e.i.c, and R. O. 
Wynne-Roberts, m.e.i.c, to escort the newly-elected 
President, Doctor Arthur Surveyer, m.e.i.c, to the chair. 
Doctor Surveyer spoke briefly in accepting the office of 
President, and expressed his great appreciation of the 
high honour which had been conferred upon him. 

Correspondence 

Messages were received from a number of presidents 
and secretaries of American Engineering Societies and 
from the President of the Canadian Institute of Mining 
and Metallurgy, expressing regret at being unable to 
attend the annual meeting of The Institute. 

Votes of Thanks 

On motion by Colonel W. P. Anderson, m.e.i.c, 
seconded by J. W. LeB. Ross, m.e.i.c, a hearty vote of 
thanks was extended to the retiring officers, members of 
the Montreal Branch, and to all who had assisted in making 
the annual general and general professional meeting a 
success. 

The Smoker 

On the evening of Tuesday, January twenty-seventh, 
a smoker was held in the Windsor Hotel, at which a 
varied and highly entertaining programme was provided. 

First Session of General Professional Meeting 

On Wednesday, January twenty-eighth the first 
session of the professional meeting was opened at ten a.m., 



the entire day being devoted to the presentation of papers 
and discussions on the subject of engineering education. 
The papers presented on this occasion were as follows:— 
"The Study of Engineering Education" — H.P. 
Hammond, "Engineering Education from the stand- 
point of the Universities" - Professor C. J. Mac- 
kenzie, m.e.i.c,, "Some Thoughts regarding Engineer- 
ing Education", Professor H. M. MacKay, m.e.i.c, 
"The Value of an Engineering Education from a 
Manufacturer's Viewpoint", — W. M. Cruthers, 
a.m.e.i.c, "Engineering Education — An Engineer- 
ing Society Viewpoint", Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c 
In addition, there were read at the meeting discussions 
which had been received from Professor Peter Gillespie, 
m.e.i.c, Professor N. C. Pitcher, Professor R. S. L. 
Wilson, a.m.e.i.c, Professor, I. F. Morrison, Professor 
Charles A. Robb, m.e.i.c, and Professor R. W. Boyle, 
m.e.i.c, who were unable to attend the meeting. 

Resolution following Engineering Education 
Discussion 

Following the discussion on Engineering Education 
which occupied the entire day of Wednesday, the twenty- 
eighth, a number of representatives of the various 
engineering universities of Canada met to consider the 
question with a view to bringing about definite action on 




ARTHUR SURVEYER, D.Eng., M.E.I.C, 
President 1925 



86 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



the part of The Institute. As a result of this meeting 
the following resolution was put to the meeting at the 
morning session of January twenty-ninth, and carried 
unanimously: 

Resolved that this meeting of The Engineering 
Institute of Canada record its appreciation of the fact 
that the subject of Engineering Education has been 
given prominence by the Council, resulting in a 
discussion during one day of the professional meeting. 

And, to the end that further action in dealing 
with the subject of Engineering Education be given 
the consideration its importance warrants by 
The Institute, this meeting recommends that the 
Council at its next meeting appoint a committee to 
ensure the co-operation of The Institute with the 
Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education. 

And that this committee be composed of cor- 
porate members who are not engaged in teaching. 

Luncheon 

Visiting members were the guests of the Montreal 
Branch at a luncheon on January twenty-eighth. At 
this luncheon Dr. W. L. McDougald, chairman of the 
Montreal Harbour Commission was the guest of the 
Montreal Branch, and following the luncheon gave a 
brief address. In the afternoon the discussion on 
engineering education was continued. 



Dance and Supper 

The dance and supper was held on the evening of 
January twenty-eighth in the Ball Room of the Windsor 
Hotel and proved a most enjoyable affair. 

Second Professional Session 

The second session which was held on Thursday, 
January twenty-ninth was devoted to a discussion of 
winter conditions, the subject being introduced by three 
papers, viz: "Pouring Concrete in Zero Weather", by 
C. N. Shanly, m.e.i.c, "Building Construction under 
Winter Conditions", by C. D. Harrington, and "Strengths 
of Various Concrete Mixtures", by E. Viens, a.m.e.i.c. 

Joint Luncheon 

Following this session a joint luncheon with the 
Association of Canadian Building and Construction 
Industries was held in the Rose Room, Windsor Hotel. 
This gathering was addressed by Mr. O. B. Towne of 
New York City. 

Visits to Works of Interest 

In the afternoon the members were divided into 
parties in order to visit various industrial and engineering 
works in the city. 

Among the plants visited were the following: 

Montreal City Water Works and Filtration Plant, 

Northern Electric Company, 

Automatic Exchange, Bell Telephone Company of 
Canada, 

Frontenac Breweries. 



1 Stirling, L. B., Montreal. 

2 Uniacke, R. F. ( Ottawa. 

3 Baxter, John, Montreal. 

4 Trotter, H. L. Montreal. 

5 Templeman, E. E., Montreal. 

6 Barr, Shirley, Montreal. 

7 Nowlan, B. C, Montreal. 

8 Wynne-Roberts, R. O. Toronto. 

9 Haultain, H. E. T., Toronto. 

10 Kemp, J. C, Montreal. 

11 Grant, Alex J., St. Catharines, Ont. 

12 Heward, F. S. B., Montreal. 

13 Hogarth, C. E., Hamilton. 

14 Blair, D. E., Montreal. 

15 Geiger, D. G., Montreal. 

16 Grant, L. F., Kingston. 

17 McDonald, C. K., Montreal. 

18 Massue, Huet, Montreal. 

19 Van Scoyoc, H. S., Montreal. 

20 Moynes, G. C-, Toronto. 

21 Keith, Fraser S., Montreal. 

22 Oxley, J. Morrow, Toronto. 

23 Cameron, K. G., Montreal. 

24 Monsarrat, C. N., Montreal. 

25 Abbott, W. H., Montreal. 

26 MacLeod, G. R., Montreal. 

27 Cousineau, A., Montreal. 

28 Sheppard, Norman E. D., Montreal. 

29 Mitchell, C. H., Toronto. 

30 Meyers, A. J., Campbellford, Ont. 

31 McKenzie, B. Stuart, Montreal. 

32 Challies, J. B., Montreal. 

33 Thornton, K. B., Montreal. 

34 Johnston, J. T., Ottawa. 

35 Pearce, Walter R., St. John, N. B. 

36 Sunstrum, A., Mattawa, Ont. 

37 Neilson, Stanley A., Montreal. 

38 Westbye, P. P., Peterborough. 

39 Johnson, Hammond, Montreal. 

40 Roche, I. F. R., Montreal. 

41 Mackenzie, W. L., St. Catharines, Ont. 

42 Burnett, J. A. Montreal. 



al 


Meeting Registr 


atic 




At Montreal 




43 


Thompson, T. C, Montreal. 


86 


44 


Young, A. A., Winnipeg, Man. 


87 


45 


Boisseau, L. G., Montreal. 


88 


46 


Mather, R. H, Montreal. 


89 


47 


Harcourt, R. H., Port Colborne, Ont. 


90 


48 


Harvie, T. W., Montreal. 


91 


49 


Fleming, Robert, Toronto. 


92 


50 


Sauer, M. V., Toronto. 


93 


51 


Killaly, A. L., Peterborough, Ont. 


94 


52 


Holgate, Henry, Montreal. 


95 


53 


Lewis, H. M., Port Arthur, Ont. 


96 


54 


Sterns, Frank E., St. Catharines, Ont. 


97 


55 


Lamb, H. M., Montreal. 


98 


56 


Thompson, Frank B., Toronto. 


99 


57 


Hannaford, R. M., Toronto. 


100 


58 


Howard, Major Stuart, Montreal. 


101 


59 


Lesage, T. W., Montreal. 


102 


60 


McGorman, S. E., Walkerville, Ont. 


103 


61 


Caron, J. G., Montreal. 


104 


62 


Kirkpatrick, E. C, Montreal. 


105 


63 


Vollmer, G. F., St. Catharines, Ont. 


106 


64 


Cameron, E. G., St. Catharines, Ont. 


107 


65 


Beer, A. Netlam, Montreal. 


108 


66 


Turnbull, W. J., Montreal. 


109 


67 


Ommanney, G. G., Montreal. 


110 


68 


Marryat, G., Hastings, Ont. 


111 


69 


Wall, A. S., Montreal. 


112 


70 


Hazen, H. T., Montreal. 


113 


71 


Blaiklock, M. S., Montreal. 


114 


72 


McKergow, Chas. M., Montreal. 


115 


73 


Pratley, P. L., Montreal. 


116 


74 


Sangdahl, G. S., Montreal. 


117 


75 


Mullen, C. A., Montreal. 


118 


76 


Osborne, G. H. Montreal. 


119 


78 


Lawrence, W. D., Montreal. 


120 


79 


Ryan, E. A., Montreal. 


121 


80 


Bertram, Alex., Montreal. 


122 


81 


Perry, K. M., Montreal. 


123 


82 


Jennings, A. E., Toronto. 


124 


83 


Thomson, Lesslie R., Montreal. 


125 


84 


Loudon, Thos. R., Toronto. 


126 


85 


Anderson, D., Montreal. 


127 



Goodrich, C. M., Walkerville, Ont. 
Duggan, G. H., Montreal. 
Seens, John W., Montreal. 
Lloyd, Herbert M., Vancouver, B.C. 
Pitts, G. M., Montreal. 
Surveyer, Arthur, Montreal. 
Cowie, Frederick W., Montreal. 
Brough, F. S., Montreal, Que. 
Allingham, Ralph, Grenville, Que. 
Johnson, Phelps, Montreal. 
Svenningson, S., Montreal. 
Russell, J. P., Toronto. 
Openshaw, J. E., Montreal. 
Villemaire, Alex. Pembroke, Ont. 
Cameron, J. S., Montreal. 
Cole, G. Percy, Montreal. 
Miller, J. L., Pembroke, Ont. 
Stuart, H. B., Toronto. 
Shupe, Stanley, Kitchener, Ont. 
Murdoch, G. G., St. John, N. B. 
Hare, G. G., St. John, N. B. 
Nicol, J. A. M., Toronto. 
Dallyn, F. A., Toronto. 
Thomson, W. Chase, Montreal. 
Gray, A., St. John, N. B. 
Wilson, L. R., Montreal. 
Hogg, T. H., Toronto. 
Carlos, H. C. Don, Toronto. 
Jennings, R. B., Montreal. 
Williamson, F. Stuart, Montreal. 
Grieve, John, New York. 
Porter, S. G., Lethbridge, Alta. 
Hunter, Jas. H., Montreal. 
Gates, J. W., Montreal. 
McLachlan, D. W., Ottawa. 
Lefebvre, O. O., Montreal. 
Robertson, James M., Montreal. 
Lambe, A. B., Ottawa, Ont. 
Brown, E., Montreal. 
Deubelbeiss, H. S., Montreal. 
Kirkpatrick, H. T., Montreal. 
Craig, J. D., Ottawa. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



87 



128 Dobbin, R. L., Peterborough, Ont. 

129 Smallhorn, E. R., Montreal. 

130 McAllister, W. J., Montreal. 

131 Ker, F. I., Hamilton. 

132 Chalmers, J., Montreal. 

133 Morkill, J. T., Sherbrooke, Que. 

134 Wilford, F. R., Lindsay, Ont. 

135 MacAfee, R. E., Montreal. 

136 Weir, James, Montreal. 

137 Norrish, B. E., Montreal. 

138 Carneil, Carlo, Montreal. 

139 Henry, R. A. C, Montreal. 

140 Adams, W. D., Montreal. 

141 Cowan, L., Montreal. 

142 Fortin, S., Montreal. 

143 Combe, F. A., Montreal. 

144 Bowman, A. J. M., Windsor, Ont. 

145 Decary, A. R., Quebec, Que. 

146 Dansereau, J. L., Montreal. 

147 Duchastel de Montrouge, J. A., Quebec, 

Que. 

148 Walker, W., Montreal. 

149 Hervey, C. L., Montreal. 

150 Macdougall, Geo. D., Montreal. 

151 Friedman, F. J., Montreal. 

152 Drysdale, W. F., Montreal. 

153 Shearwood, F. P., Montreal. 

154 Wolff, Martin, Montreal. 

155 Jarman, P. E., Westmount. 

156 Thompson, Geo. W., Westmount. 

157 Haanel, B. F., Ottawa. 

158 Moore, Ernest V., Montreal. 

159 Mattice, E. S., Montreal. 

160 Keefer, T. C, Ottawa. 

161 McLeod, K., Montreal. 

162 Morgan, N. L., Montreal. 

163 Eardley-Wilmot, T., Ottawa. 

164 Clarson, A. S., Montreal. 

165 Ghysens, A., Montreal. 

166 Ketterson, A. R., Montreal. 

167 Hunter, H. G., Montreal. 

168 Motley, P. B., Montreal. 

169 Pringle, J. B., Montreal. 

170 Costigan, James B., Montreal. 

171 Bowman, A. A., Montreal. 

172 Marshall, N. J., Toronto. 

173 Forrest, B. J., Montreal. 

174 Benett, C. M., Montreal. 

175 Thompson, H. G., Montreal. 

176 Bird, F. G., Ottawa, Ont. 

177 Cleaton, R. E., Montreal. 

178 Gilmour, W. A., Montreal. 

179 Roper, W. P., Montreal. 

180 Boyer, A., Montreal. 

181 Walley, C. S., Winnipeg. 

182 Rannie, J. L., Ottawa, Ont. 

183 Anderson, Wm. P., Ottawa. 

184 Forward, E. A., Montreal. 

185 Wood, John H. G., Montreal. 

186 Hayward, J. W., Ste Anne de Bellevue, 

Que. 

187 Lamb, H. J., Toronto. 

188 Connell, C, Ottawa. 

189 O'Sullivan, Eugene, Montreal. 

190 Meek, V., Ottawa. 

191 Ewart, J. A., Ottawa. 

192 Ewart, H. E., Ottawa. 

193 Porter, C. G., Montreal. 

194 Beaubien, de Gaspe, Montreal. 

195 Dickson, G. H., Montreal. 

196 Armstrong, C. J., Brig.-Gen., Montreal. 

197 Trimble, A. V., Toronto. 

198 Burge, W. R., Toronto. 

199 Bovard, W. O., Montreal. 

200 Harrison, T. F., Kingston. 

201 Patterson, A. L., Montreal. 

202 Campbell, N. M., Montreal. 

203 McMaster, A. W., Montreal. 

204 Poe, Alex. S., Montreal. 

205 Brisbane, John S., Montreal. 

206 Stott, J. D., Montreal. 

207 Engel, N. L., Montreal. 

208 Saunders, C. S., Montreal. 

209 Gregory, P. S., Montreal. 

210 Reid, W. M., Montreal. 

211 Roland, J. W., Montreal. 



212 Ross, A. H., Montreal. 

213 Pearce, K. K., Montreal. 

214 Gaskill, Frank, St. Catharines, Ont. 

215 Cate, C. L., Montreal. 

216 Des Lauriers, L. W., Montreal. 

217 Swan, R. G., Montreal. 

218 Grove, H. S., Montreal. 

219 Bunting, W. R., Montreal. 

220 Vallee, I. E., Quebec. 

221 Terreault, H. A., Montreal. 

222 Marrotte, L. H., Montreal. 

223 Chabot, Arthur, J., Montreal. 

224 Gardner, W. McG., Montreal. 

225 Creighton, C. P., Montreal. 

226 Denis, V., Montreal. 

227 Finlayson, A. W., Montreal. 

228 Jamieson, R. E., Montreal. 

229 Ross. J. W. LeB., Sault Ste Marie, Ont. 

230 McNiven, J. J., Montreal. 

231 Faulkner, F. R., Halifax, N.S. 

232 McCrory, J. A., Montreal. 

233 McKiel, H. W., Sackville, N.B. 

234 French, R. DeL., Montreal. 

235 Dawson, H. W., Montreal. 

236 Swabey, H. W. B., Montreal. 

237 Booker, G. E., Montreal. 

238 Sullivan, J. G., Winnipeg, Man. 

239 White, R., Montreal. 

240 Hawker, F. E., Montreal. 

241 McMulkin, A. F., Montreal. 

242 Hughes, J. W., Montreal. 

243 Bond, F. L. C, Montreal. 

244 Cooper, F. W., Montreal. 

245 Bickerdike, R., Montreal. 

246 Anglin, J. P., Montreal. 

247 Smith, K. H., Halifax, N.S. 

248 Bonneville, S., Montreal. 

249 Denis, Leo. G., Montreal. 

250 Baldwin, R. A., Toronto. 

251 Staveley, W. D., Montreal. 

252 Wilkinson, J. B., Port Hope. 

253 Adams, Walter C, Montreal. 

254 Desbaillets, C. J., Montreal. 

255 Chadwick, D. M., Montreal. 

256 Fairbairn, J. M. R., Montreal. 

257 Johnston, W. J., St. John, N.B. 

258 Mackay, H. M., Montreal. 

259 Scott, C. N., Montreal. 

260 Wing, D. O., Montreal. 

261 Holloway, E. S., Matane, Que. 

262 White, J. M., Montreal. 

263 Keefer, Charles H., Ottawa. 

264 Wood, Chas. O., Ottawa. 

265 Comeau, J., Montreal. 

266 Miller, J. J., Montreal. 

267 Wood, Robt., Montreal. 

268 Peters, A. W., Montreal. 

269 Cuthbert, A. D. W., Quebec,[Que. 

270 Murray, W. P., Montreal. 

271 Kennedy, H. C, Montreal. 

272 Lordly, H. R., Montreal. 

273 Henry, A. R., Montreal. 

274 Freeland, J. A., Montreal. 

275 Evans, W., Montreal. 

276 Mitchell, R. W., Montreal. 

277 Fry, J. D., Montreal. 

278 Macphail, J. B., Montreal. 

279 Busfield, J. L., Montreal. 

280 Blaiklock, H. M., Montreal. 

281 Elmslie, G. A., Montreal. 

282 Mahaffy, H. L., Montreal. 

283 Kelsey, E. S., Montreal. 

284 Henham, Robt., Ottawa. 

285 Gray Donald, E., Montreal. 

286 Macallum, A. F., Ottawa. 

287 Bannatyne, N., Montreal. 

288 Carron, J. F. L., Montreal. 

289 McCurdy, L. B., Ottawa. 

290 Bowman, F., Montreal. 

291 Wardwell, W. H., Montreal. 

292 Davis, Frank L., Montreal. 

293 Hughes, Major-Gen. Garnet, London, 

England. 

294 Wass, S. B., Toronto. 

295 Kilbourne, A. B., Montreal. 

296 Heckle, G. R., Montreal. 



297 Lawson, J. E., Niagara Falls, Ont. 

298 Morse, John, Montreal. 

299 Burns, R. P., Montreal. 

300 Moulton, R. H., Montreal. 

301 Thompson, J. W., Montreal. 

302 Ellis, J. A., Montreal. 

303 Brown, C. B., Montreal. 

304 Tagge, A. C, Montreal. 

305 Chambers, Hugh, Montreal. 

306 Doran, H. T., Montreal. 

307 Mechin, F. C, Montreal. 

308 Wilson, S. H., Montreal. 

309 Ross-Ross, Donald, Montreal. 

310 Lynde, C. J., Montreal. 

311 Ketchen, W. A., Montreal. 

312 Roper, H. B., Montreal. 

313 Bennet, G. A., Montreal. 

314 Massey, A. W. K., Montreal. 

315 Duff, W. A.. Montreal. 

316 Hawley, G. P., Cedars, Que. 

317 Shector, S. S., Montreal. 

318 Allen, J. M., Montreal. 

319 Spencer, R. A., Montreal. 

320 Peden, Alexander, Montreal. 

321 Hughes, Brig.-Gen. H. T., Poperinghe, 

Belgium. 

322 Simpson, P., Montreal. 

323 Robertson, Murray, Montreal. 

324 Hertzberg, H. F. H., Ottawa, Ont. 

325 Harrington, Major, Ottawa, Ont. 

326 Barcelo, J., Montreal. 

327 Cruthers, W. M., Peterborough, Ont. 

328 Bell, G. E., Toronto. 

329 Manning, P., Peterborough, Ont. 

330 Smith, D. F., Sutton, Que. 

331 Gilmour, W. A. T., Montreal. 

332 Seton, B. W., Montreal. 

333 Morris, C. A., Frankford, Ont. 

334 Stewart, D., Montreal. 

335 MacKintoshJames, Peterborough, Ont. 

336 Sproule, Gordon, Montreal. 

337 Arkley, L. M., Kingston, Ont. 

338 Dingman, R. E., Montreal. 

339 McNaughton, A. G. L., Ottawa. 

340 Turner, E. O., Fredericton, N.B. 

341 Campbell, C. F., Montreal. 

342 Brett, J. F., Montreal. 

343 Farrar, N., Montreal. 

344 Frigon, A., Montreal. 

345 Disney, C. P., Toronto. 

346 Wardleworth, T. H., Montreal. 

347 Dawson, H. J., Kingston. 

348 Balfour, R. H., Montreal. 

349 Dawson, R., Montreal. 

350 Hinchliffe, J. E., Montreal. 

351 Parker, J. B., Montreal. 

352 Webster, J. S., Montreal. 

353 Weames, A. J., Montreal. 

354 Riva, R. H., Montreal. 

355 Schmidlin, E., Kingston, Ont. 

356 Reid, K., Montreal. 

357 Balleny, J. L., Montreal. 

358 Prudham, W. M., Montreal. 

359 Vessot, C. U. ( Montreal. 

360 Dunbar, John R., Hamilton. 

361 Vernot, Geo. E., Montreal. 

362 Jubien, Ernest B., Montreal. 

363 Estey, C. A., Montreal. 

364 Fuller, R. J., London, Ont. 

365 Vennes, H. J., Montreal. 

366 Kelly, Albert J., Montreal. 

367 Stewart, Wm. A., Montreal. 

368 Brock, R. W., Vancouver. 

369 Brodie, Le Sueur, Montreal. 

370 Crawford, A. W., Ottawa. 

371 Bell, F. Jno., Toronto. 

372 Webster, R. C. P., Ottawa. 

373 Townsend, C. J., Toronto. 

374 Winter, F. E., Montreal. 

375 Rutherford, J. F., Hampstead,[Que.5 

376 Anderson, J. W., Ottawa, Ont. 

377 Christie, C. V., Montreal. 

378 Schippel, W. H., Outremont. 

379 McMillan, R. E., Annex. 

380 Archambault, Jules, Outremont. 

381 Stansfield, Alfred, Montreal. 



88 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



382 Anglin, D. G., Montreal. 417 

383 Hamilton, R. M. P., Montreal. 418 

384 Rinfret, Guv, Shawinigan Falls, Que. 419 

385 Pigot, C. H., Quebec, Que. 420 

386 Gill, L. W., Hamilton, Ont. 421 

387 Bennet, W. H., Westmount, Que. 422 

388 Wilgar, W. P., Kingston, Ont. 423 

389 Camsell, Charles, Ottawa. 424 

390 Harkom, J. F., Montreal. 125 

391 Currie, A. W., Montreal. 426 

392 Milligan. F. S., Windsor, Ont. 427 

393 Wallace, G. A., Montreal. 428 

394 Warren, G. M., Montreal. 429 

395 Boulton, B. K., Quebec, Que. 430 

396 Sise, P. F., Montreal. 431 

397 Galbraith, John S., Toronto. 432 

398 Hercovitch, Chas. Montreal. 433 

399 Avkrovd, M. J., Montreal. 434 

400 Ford, W. B., Hamilton. 435 

401 Corriveau, R. deB., Ottawa. 436 

402 Bremner, Douglas, Montreal. 437 

403 Price, T. C., Quebec. 438 

404 Wallace, R. H, Montreal. 439 

405 Lafreniere, T. J., Montreal. 440 

406 McNab, A. H., Montreal. 441 

407 Bertrand, J. N. T., Isle Verte, Que. 442 

408 Hotchkiss, C. P., Ottawa. 443 

409 Hillman, D., Montreal. 444 

410 Goulet, Sifroy, Peterborough. 445 

411 Grandmont, B., Three Rivers, Que. 446 

412 Mclntire, E. J., Sandwich, Ont. 447 

413 Ramsav, R., Montreal. 448 

414 Agar, G., Montreal. 449 

415 Wilson, E. P., East Angus, Que. 450 

416 Porter, John Bonsall, Montreal. 451 



Mackenzie, A. M., Montreal. 452 

Reid, A. M., Montreal. 453 

Dorrance, F. Y., Montreal. 454 

Frith, G. H., Montreal. 455 

Holland, J. E., Montreal. 456 

Medbury, C. F., Montreal. 457 

Simpson, P., Montreal. 458 

Pozer, C. E., Swastika, Ont. 459 

Harkness, A. L., Montreal. 460 

Cartmel, W. B., Montreal. 461 

Ross, F. M., St. John, N.B. 462 

Underhill, G. G., Windsor Mills, Que. 463 

Dodd, G. J., Montreal. 464 

Bladen, J. B., Montreal. 465 

Foss, R. H., Montreal. 466 

Taylor-Bailey, W., Montreal. 467 
Vaughan, H. H, Montreal. 

Neicher, Paul, Chicago, 111. 468 

Findlav, R. H., Montreal. 469 

McMillan, H. W., Montreal. 470 

Logan, R. S., Jr., Montreal. 471 

Bates, H. E., Grand Mere, Que. 472 

Ouimet, S., Montreal. 473 

Newill, George E., Montreal. 474 

Elderkin, K. O, Kenogami, Que. 475 

Grenon, J. F., Chicoutimi, Que. 476 
Mulligan, C. A., Montreal. 

Campbell, A., Montreal. 477 

Rutherford, A. S., Montreal. 478 

Armstrong, John E., Montreal. 479 

Wilson, Norman D., Toronto. 480 

Bunnell, A. E. K., Toronto. 481 

Boulton, C. A., Montreal. 482 

Stephen, Chas., Montreal. 483 

Lalonde, J. A., Montreal. 484 



Flood, John N., St. John, N.B. 
Shotwell, J. S. S., Ottawa. 
Darling, E. H., Hamilton, Ont. 
Mason, H. Neville, Toronto. 
Winslow, K. M., Montreal. 
McRae, J. P., Toronto. 
Adams, F. P., Brantford, Ont. 
Vaughan, F. P., St. John, N.B. 
Ellis, F. J. Iroquois Falls, Ont. 
Waring, J. A. W., St. John, N.B. 
Thomas, G. N., Toronto. 
Gale, G. Gordon, Ottawa. 
Viens, E., Ottawa. 
Evans, H. G., St. John, N.B. 
Ross, Thomas. D., Montreal. 
Donnellv, H. H., St. Vincent de Paul, 

Que. 
McCannell, F. R., Milton, Ont. 
Lefebvre, H., Montreal. 
Cameron, J. F., Paris, Ont. 
Heckle, G. R., Montreal. 
Gale, A. V., Hull, Que. 
Brown, J. A. W., Hamilton, Ont. 
Fitzsimons, Robt., Hamilton, Ont. 
Carswell, J. B., Toronto. 
Valiquette, Henri, Shawinigan Falls, 

Que. 
Lindsay, C. R., Shawinigan Falls, Que. 
Ross, J. G., Montreal. 
Pepper, A. H., Westmount, Que. 
Scovil, S. S., Ottawa. 
Simpson, P., Montreal. 
Rolph, H., Montreal. 
Towne, O. B., New York City. 
Walker, R. M., Montreal. 



PERSONALS 



J. E. Gibault, a.m.e.lc, has been transferred by the 
Canadian National Railways from Quebec to the Depart- 
ment of Economics in Montreal. 

A. G. Barrett, s.e.i.c, who graduated from Queen's 
University in 1921, in civil engineering, is with the 
Canadian Johns-Manville Company, at Asbestos, Quebec. 

H. V. Ellegett, s.e.i.c, of Bowmanville, Ontario, is 
with MacGregor and Maclntyre Steel Company of 
Toronto, and is at present engaged in their templet shop. 

Hugh C. Carter, a.m.e.lc, formerly acting director 
of pub ic works, Belize, British Honduras, and consulting 
engineer Belize Electric Light and Ice Company has been 
confirmed in office as director of public works. 

A. G. Dalzell, m.e.i.c, who has resigned his position 
as consultant to the Vitrified Clay Pipe Publicity Bureau, 
Toronto, announces that his present address is 93 Mac- 
pherson Avenue, Toronto. 

P. Philip, m.e.i.c, deputy minister and chief engineer 
of public works, British Columbia government, was 
elected by acclamation, president of the Association of 
Professional Engineers of British Columbia for 1925. 

John R. Kaye, s.e.i.c, of Halifax, who graduated 
in mechanical engineering from McGill University 
in 1924 has been appointed to the staff of the Calgary 
Power Company at Seebe, Alta. 

Robt. G. Watson, a.m.e.lc, formerly mechanical 
superintendent for the Nova Scotia Steel and Coal Com- 
pany, Limited, of Wabana, Newfoundland, has been 
appointed chief engineer of the St. John Dry Dock and 
Shipbuilding Company at St. John, N.B. 

E. M. C. Goodwin, jr.E.l.C, is with the Carolina 
Power Company, Raleigh, N.C. Mr. Goodwin was 



formerly with the Riordon Pulp Corporation at Temis- 
kaming, Quebec, and has been in North Carolina for the 
past year and a half. 

J. Tomkins, s.e.i.c, has been appointed assistant 
engineer to the technical director of the Riordon Pulp 
Corporation at Hawkesbury, Ontario. Mr. Tomkins has 
been located with this company during the past year at 
their Kippewa mill at Temiskaming, Quebec. 

C. N. Wylde, s.e.i.c, has joined the engineering staff 
of the Dryden Pulp and Paper Company, Limited, at 
Dryden, Ontario. Mr. Wylde, until accepting his new 
position, was with Messrs. Sir W. G. Armstrong- Whit- 
worth & Company at Longueuil, Quebec. Mr. Wylde 
graduated from McGill University with the class of '23. 

G. M. Tripp, a.m.e.lc, general superintendent, 
British Columbia Electric Railway Company, Victoria, 
B. C, and a director of the Vancouver Island Power 
Company, has been elected to the 1925 Council of the 
Association of Professional Engineers of the Province of 
British Columbia. 

E. F. Cooke, a.m.e.lc, who, previous to his duties 
necessitating his removing to Bowser, B. C, was a very- 
active member of the Victoria Branch, has resigned his 
position as engineer for the Thomson and Clark Timber 
Company, and, accompanied by Mrs. Cooke, has left for 
an extended holiday in the Old Country, travelling via 
the Panama canal. 

E. T. Spidy, a.m.e.lc, late superintendent Dominion 
Engineering Works, Montreal, has been appointed pro 
duction engineer of the New Zealand Railways, Welling- 
ton, New Zealand. Mr. Spidy resigned his position with 
the Dominion Engineering Works last October to return 
to New Zealand, his natvie land, after a sojourn in Canada 
extending over the past fifteen years. 

A. A. Paoli, a.m.e.lc, formerly sales engineer with 
the Canadian Ingersoll-Rand Company at Sydney, 
Nova Scotia, has been appointed branch manager at 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



89 



Winnipeg, Manitoba. Mr. Paoli is a native of Charlotte- 
town, Prince Edward Island and is a graduate of Queen's 
University, where he received his degree of B.A., in 1915, 
and B.Sc, in 1922. In 1915 he was awarded the Rhodes 
Scholarship for Prince Edward Island. 

G. R. Pratt, a.m.e.i.c, fuel engineer for the govern- 
ment of Alberta announces that the new address of the 
Coal Truth Office of the Mines Branch of the provincial 
government has been changed to 205 Curry building, 
Portage avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, following a fire 
which destroyed the former office, as a result of which 
Mr. Pratt lost most of his records and data. Members 
wishing future publications should communicate with 
Mr. Pratt submitting their present address. 

George J. Nelson, a.m.e.i.c, of Montreal, has taken 
over the practice of R. S. Kelsch, m.e.i.c, consulting and 
designing engineer, who has gone south for the winter. 
Mr. Nelson was born in Montreal, on November 18th, 
1876, and graduated in electrical engineering from McGill 
University in 1900. Mr. Nelson has had extensive 
experience in the work, the charge of which he has now 
assumed, and was associated with Mr. Kelsch as early as 
1905 in connection with the Kaministiquia Power Com- 
pany's development at Fort William, Ontario. 

Max V. Sauer, m.e.i.c, formerly hydraulic engineer 
with Canadian Vickers Limited, has been transferred to 
Toronto, and is chief engineer of the hydraulic department- 
of the recently incorporated Vickers and Combustion 
Engineering Limited which is a consolidation of the 
Canadian Vickers Limited and the Combustion Engineer- 
ing Corporation Limited. Prior to joining the staff of the 
Canadian Vickers Limited, Mr. Sauer was with the Hydro- 
Electric Power Commission of Ontario, in connection with 
the design and construction of the Queenston-Chippawa 
Power Development, where he occupied a prominent 
position. 

D. E. Blair, A.M.E.I.C, becomes General Superintendent 
of Montreal Tramways Company 
D. E. Blair, a.m.e.i.c, superintendent of rolling stock 
of the Montreal Tramways Company has been appointed 
general superintendent of the company. 



Mr. Blair was born at St. Thomas, Montmagny, 
Quebec, in July 1877, his early education being received 
at the Quebec High School. In 1897 he graduated from 
McGill University in electrical engineering and in 
the same year he entered the services of the Quebec Dis- 
trict Railway as mechanical and electrical engineer and 
remained with that company and its successor, The 
Quebec Railway Light, Heat and Power Company until 
March 1903, when he was appointed assistant general 
superintendent with the Montreal Street Railway and 
later was superintendent of rolling stock with the same 
company and its successor, The Montreal Tramways 
Company, from which position he has just been promoted. 

Mr. Blair was elected an Associate Member of 
The Institute on January 14th, 1904. 

M. P. Blair, M.E.I.C, elected to Victoria City Council 

M. P. Blair, m.e.i.c, director, Ryan Mcintosh 
Timber Company, and a member of the executive of the 
Victoria Branch of The Institute, has been elected to the 
Victoria city council by a two to one majority. Mr. Blair 
has had considerable experience in municipal work having 
had charge of the construction of the water works, sewer 
and pavement systems for Kennilworth and Edgewater 
near Chicago, and later being for many years engineer for 
the city of St. Boniface, Man. 

Strangely enough, Mr. Blair's decision to become a 
candidate was made only a few minutes before attending 
the luncheon at which Major Geo. A. Walkem, m.e.i.c, 
after presenting the branch charter to the Victoria 
Branch, urged the members to take greater interest in 
public affairs and whenever possible to stand for election 
to public office. Mr. Blair's election will undoubtedly 
prove a benefit both to the city of Victoria and to the 
engineering profession. 

T. H. Wilson, A.M.E.I.C, Alderman of St. Boniface, Manitoba 

T. H. Wilson, a.m.e.i.c, is one of the members of 
the Winnipeg Branch who believes that engineers should 
take an active part in the public life of the country. He 
was re-elected at the recent elections as an alderman of 
the city council of St. Boniface, after four years service 





D. F. BLAIR, A.M.E.I.C. 



T. H. WILSON, A.M.E.I.C. 



90 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



on that body. At the inaugural meeting he was re- 
appointed chairman of the Public Works Committee, and 
appointed the city's representative on the Greater Winni- 
peg Water District Board. He is also vice-president of 
the St. Boniface Board of Trade, and a member of the 
executive of the Young Men's Section of the Greater 
Winnipeg Board of Trade. Mr. Wilson was born at 
St. Peters, Jersey, Channel Islands, in 1887, and received 
his early education at the Birmingham Municipal Tech- 
nical School and Handsworth Technical School, and his 
first-class diploma in mechanical engineering (ordinary 
grade) at the City and Guilds Institute of London, En- 
gland. In addition he received certificates in mathe- 
matics, from the Board of Education, London, England. 
For some years Mr. Wilson has been connected with the 
Canadian National Railways, as engineer in charge of 
records and estimates. 

W. Hamilton Munro, M.E.I.C. appointed to Board of Directors 

W. Hamilton Munro, m.e.i.c, University of Toronto 
(Science) '04, has been appointed a member of the Board 
of Directors of the new company which will represent in 
Canada the combined interests of Vickers Limited, 
London, England, and of International Combustion 
Engineering Corporation, New York. The company 
was recently incorporated under the name of Vickers and 
Combustion Engineering Limited, with head office in 
Toronto. Sir A. Trevor Dawson of London is Chairman, 
and A. J. T. Taylor of Vancouver and Toronto is President 
and Managing Director. Mr. Munro, (an old boy of 
Peterborough, Ontario), is also in charge of Vickers hydro- 
electric department, and will act as resident director in 
England for the new company. 

Armand C. Crepeau, A.M.E.I.G., Represents County 
of Sherbrooke 

Armand C. Crepeau, a.m.e.i.c, has been elected 
Conservative member of the Quebec Legislature represent- 
ing the county of Sherbrooke in the bye election held on 
November fifth, 1924. Mr. Crepeau was born at St. 
Camille, Wolfe county, Quebec, on November 4th, 1884, 
and was educated at St. Charles College, Sherbrooke, 
Quebec, and at the Seminary of Philosophy, Montreal and 
L'Ecole d'Arpentage of Laval University, Quebec. He 
was admitted to practice land surveying in 1909 and civil 
engineering in 1917, and has been engaged mostly in 
private practice in land surveying and civil engineering. 




A. C. CREPEAU, A.M.E.I.C. 



At present he is consulting engineer for eleven towns in 
the Eastern Townships, and among the special works of 
which he has acted as engineer-in-charge for the city of 
Sherbrooke, is the Two-Miles Falls power development 
/at Weedon. Mr. Crepeau has been a member of the 
board of directors of the Corporation of Quebec Land 
Surveyors since 1922, and is president of the St. Francis 
Water Power Company and the Beauce Electric and 
Power Company. In 1923 he was elected alderman of 
the city of Sherbrooke, by acclamation. 

F. L. Wanklyn, M.E.I.C, retires from the C.P.R. 

F. L. Wanklyn, general executive assistant of the 
Canadian Pacific Railway, has retired from that position, 
his retirement dating from January 1. 

Apart from his work with the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
way, Mr. Wanklyn was well-known as a member of the. 
first Board of Control, of Montreal, with which body he 
served from 1910 to 1912. Also, during the war period, 
he was appointe done of two fuel controllers for the 
province of Quebec. 

Mr. Wanklyn was born on February 25th, 1860, at 
Buenos Aires, Argentine Republic. He was educated at 
Marlborough College, England, and, having decided on 
engineering as a profession, studied under the late Charles 
Sacre, of Manchester. 

His first position of importance was in Italy. He 
became resident engineer of the Tramways and General 
Works Company's lines, Lombardy, and subsequently he 
acted as general manager and engineer of the Lombardy 
Roads Railway Company. Coming to Canada, 
Mr. Wanklyn was appointed assistant mechanical super- 
intendent and manager of the locomotive works for the 
Grand Trunk Railway. 

In 1897 he became general manager of the Toronto 
Street Railway. Then he entered the service of the local 
tramways organization as manager and chief engineer of 
the Montreal Street Railway, remaining in that capacity 
until 1903. Since that time he has been connected with 
the Canadian Pacific Railway, except during the periods 
when he assumed public service. Mr. Wanklyn is a 
governor of the Royal Victoria and Alexandra Hospitals, 
was elected a Member of The Engineering Institute on 
January 20th, 1887. He was a member of Council in the 
year 1909 and was a member of the Fuel Committee whose 
report was recently presented before the annual meeting 
of The Institute. 

K. B. Thornton, M.E.I.C, appointed Assistant General 
Manager, Montreal Tramways Company 

K. B. Thornton, M.E.I.C, formerly chief engineer and 
operating manager of the Canadian Light, Heat and 
Power Company and chief engineer and general manager 
of the Quebec and New England Hydro-Electric Corpora- 
tion, has been appointed assistant general manager 
of the Montreal Tramways Company, the appointment 
being effective as from January 1st, 1925. 

Mr. Thornton has long been interested in the power 
situation in the Montreal district. As early as 1893, he 
was connected with the Royal Electric Company and the 
Montreal Light, Heat and Power Company and for 
twelve years was intimately associated with the construc- 
tion, operation and other engineering details of the power 
systems of these two companies. From 1905-1911, he 
was with the operating department of J. G. White & 
Company of New York, occupying the following 
positions; — 1905-06, resident engineer and manager, 
Nassau Light and Power Company, Roslyn, Long Island, 
New York; 1906, assistant manager, operating depart- 
ment, J. G. White & Company, New York City; 1908- 
09, resident engineer and acting manager, Portland 
Electric Company and affiliated companies, Portland, 
Maine; in 1910, he was appointed advisory engineer to 
the Canadian Light and Power Company, Montreal, and 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



91 



the following year became chief engineer and general 
manager of that company and also of the Montreal Public 
Service Corporation, in this capacity having full charge 
of the operating organization of both companies and of all 
design for new construction and plant extension. 
Mr. Thornton has also been acting as consulting engineer 
to the Montreal Tramways Company. 

Mr. Thornton joined The Institute as a Student on 
January 4th, 1894 and was transferred to Associate 
Member on March 16th, 1899 and to Member on Novem- 
ber 23rd, 1920. During the years 1921, 1922 and 1923, 
he was on the Council of The Institute and his election as 
vice-president, representing zone "c", was announced at 
the annual meeting in Montreal last month. 

W. A. McLean, M.E.I.C., joins firm of R. O. Wynne-Roberts 

& Son 

W. A. McLean, m.e.i.c, the former deputy minister 
of highways of Ontario has joined the firm of R. O. 
Wynne-Roberts and Son, Toronto. The new name of 
the firm will be Wynne-Roberts, Son, and McLean. 
Mr. McLean is well known in engineering circles through- 
out Canada, having been prominently associated with the 
very large programme of highway construction in Ontario 
and having occupied office in various representative 
societies in Canada and North America including that of 
Councillor of The Engineering Institute of Canada. The 
records of Mr. McLean's activity and ability should be 
a good omen of his future career, and his many friends in 
Canada will wish him every success in his new enterprise. 

Mr. McLean's early association with the engineering 
profession was in the City Works Department of St. 
Thomas where he gained experience in sewerage, water 
supply, paving and similar branches of city work. In 
1896, he entered the employ of the Ontario Government 
in the office of the instructor in road making. With the 
growth of the provincial road programme, Mr. McLean 
received a series of logical promotions, and became 
executive head as deputy minister of the newly created 
Department of Public Highways in 1917. Until that 
time the work had largely consisted in organizing county 
roads systems of leading market roads, advising as to 
their improvement, and carrying out the inspection upon 
which substantial provincial subsidies were paid. In 
1920, Mr. McLean was required to create an organization 
to construct and maintain a system of nearly 2,000 miles 
of provincial highways of the most modern type. This 
organization was established in a very brief period, 
efficiently supervising an expenditure of from $10,000,000, 
to $16,000,000. on provincial highways alone. The type 
and methods of construction followed has attracted the 
wide spread and favourable attention of the engineering 
profession. 

During his tenure of office under the Ontario govern- 
ment, Mr. McLean brought out an excellent series of 
specifications for roads and pavements of all types, of 
bridges in steel, and in reinforced concrete. His organ- 
izing ability as displayed on the provincial highway system 
has been extended to, and has beneficially influenced in a 
marked degree township and county road management 
generally, with the result that the good roads of Ontario 
are not limited to trunk lines, but serve in suitable degree 
all rural communities. 

Mr. McLean served on the Council of The Institute 
for three years, 1919 to 1921. He is a member of the 
Institution of Civil Engineers (Great Britain), is an 
Ontario Land Surveyor, and a Registered Professional 
Engineer of the Province of Ontario. He has also been 
president of the Canadian Good Roads Association, and 
was honoured with the presidency of the American Road 
Builders Association, the leading highway organization 
of the United States. 



ELECTIONS AND TRANSFERS 



At the meeting of Council held on January 27th, 1925, 
the following elections and transfers were effected: 

Members 

KRIBS, Gordon, elect'l. engr., New Brunswick Power Commission, 
St. John, N.B. 

STEINMAYER, Otto C, B.S. (Univ. of 111.) supt, timber pre- 
servation, Canada Creosoting Co. Ltd., Toronto, Ont. 

TAYLOR, Alfred James Towle, president and managing director, 
Combustion Engineering Corporation, Ltd., Toronto, Ont. 

Associate Members 

DOYE, Marius, chief of engrg. plant and asst. gen. supt., Port 
Alfred Pulp and Paper Corporation, Port Alfred, Que. 

GODIN, Charles, C. E. (Ecole Polytech.), engr., Trussed Concrete 
Steel Company, Montreal, Que. 

KEATING, Reginald Victor Hamilton, Ontario Paper Co. Ltd., 
Thorold, Ont. 

McGIE, William Robertson, B.A.Sc, (Univ. of Tor.), chief engr., 
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Walkerville, Ont. 

Juniors 

BAIRD, Earle Meharg, B.A.Sc. (Univ. of Tor.), asst. engr., Scar- 
boro Twnp. Engrg. Dept., Scarboro Jet., Ont. 

EAGER, Norman Herbert Aldwyn, B.Sc. (McGill Univ.), M. C. E. 
(Cornell Univ.), designer and estimator, Canadian Vickers, Limited, 
Montreal, Que. 

LUCAS, Leslie, supt. of power plant, transmission lines and sub- 
stations, Great Northern Power Co. Ltd., Elk Lake, Ont. 

McINTOSH, Duncan Neil, B.A.Sc. (Univ. of Tor.), instr'man., 
dftsman., etc. for G. R. Marston, a.m.e.i.c, Simcoe, Ont. 

PETFORD, Herbert Stanley, B.Sc. (McGill Univ.), of 337 Maple- 
wood Avenue, Montreal, Que. 

Affiliates 

BIGGAR, Oliver Mowat, K.C., B.A. (Univ. of Tor.), chief electoral 
officer for Canada and Government Counsel, Ottawa, Ont. 

BURGE, William Robert, sales manager for Ontario, Canadian 
Allis-Chalmers Co. Ltd., Toronto, Ont. 

Transferred from the class of Associate Member 
to that of Member 

VINET, Eugene, B.Sc. (McGill Univ.), asst. to vice-president, 
Middle West Utilities Co. of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

Transferred from the class of Junior to that 
of Associate Member 

BRINKMAN, Francis Leslie, B.Sc. (Queen's Univ.), supt. and 
partner, C. O. Wood, a.m.e.i.c, contracting engineer, Ottawa, Ont. 

COWLEY, Arthur Thomas Noel, B.Sc. (McGill Univ.), squadron 
leader, R.C.A.F., acting controller of civil aviation, Dept. National 
Defence, Ottawa, Ont. 

Transferred from the class of Student 
to that of Junior 

BOWN, Charles Roy, B.Sc. (McGill Univ.), dftsman., Canadian 
Mead Morrison Co. Ltd., Welland, Ont. 

BUNTING, William Russell, B.A.Sc. (Univ. of Tor.), power 
apparatus specialist, Montreal district sales office, Northern Electric 
Company, Montreal, Que. 

MAWHINNEY, James Garnet, B.Sc. (Univ. of Man.), transit- 
man, mtce. of way, C. B. & Q. Rly., Oak Park, 111. 

WONHAM, Walter Richard, B.Sc. (McGill Univ.), Shawinigan 
Water & Power Company, Montreal, Que. 



Hydro-Electric Progress in Canada during 1924 

The Dominion Water Power and Reclamation Service of the 
Department of the Interior of Canada has prepared a review of hydro- 
electric and water-power development in Canada in 1924, which shows 
that the year has been one of pronounced activity for that industry 
throughout the Dominion. Not only was a substantial increase 
recorded in the total installation but many large projects were advanced 
to such a state that a further extensive increase will be effected during 
the year 1925. More than 300,000 h.p. were added during the year 
bringing the total installation in the Dominion to a figure of 3,569,275 
h.p. while with the installations nearing completion this figure will be 
increased by more than 600,000 h.p. during 1925. 



92 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Practically every province is represented in the year's activities, 
and the review clearly shows the tendency towards the increase in the 
size of individual developments and the speed of construction which 
are the loading features of present day practice. 

Among the projects which are briefly recorded are those of the 
British Columbia Electric Railway Company and the West Kootenay 
Power and Light Company in British Columbia ; the City of Winnipeg 
in Manitoba; the Ontario Hydro-Electric Power Commission, the 
Hollinger Consolidated Gold Mines, the Canadian Niagara Power 
Company and the Backus Brooks Company in Ontario; the St. Maurice 
Power Company, the Montreal Light, Heat and Power Consolidated, 
the Northern Canada Power Company, the Ottawa River Power Com- 
pany, the Southern Canada Power Company and the Duke Price 
Power Company in Quebec; and the Nova Scotia Power Commission 
in Nova Scotia. 

Copies of this bulletin may be obtained free of charge on application 
to the Director of Water Power and Reclamation, Ottawa, Canada. 



I 



ANNOUNCEMENT OF MEETINGS 



*4 



EMPLOYMENT BUREAU 



Situations Vacant 

Electrical Designer 

Electrical designer wanted with experience in general layout work 
on large hydro-electric stations. Apply box No. 127-V. 

Engineering Agency Partner 

Owner of engineering agency in Montreal is open for negotiations 
for silent partner who is willing to invest small capital or engineer who 
would consider purchasing business. Apply box No. 128-V. 

Mechanical Engineer 

Mechanical engineer, recent graduate required by a large electrical 
manufacturing concern for work on factory methods and manufacturing 
problems. Please state in first instance, education, full qualifications, 
references, salary required, age and when available. Apply box No. 129-V. 

Sales Engineer 

Sales engineer required for selling hydraulic and steam turbines also 
heavy electrical apparatus Apply by letter to F. Jno. Bell, Royal Bank 
Building, Toronto. 

Situations Wanted 

A.M.E.I.C., with eighteen years' experience in railway and highway 
engineering, both field and office, desires office position preferably in 
the West. Apply box 166-W. 

Electrical Engineer 

Technical graduate, electrical engineering, Mem.A.i.E.E., a.m.e.i.c, 
having had a very broad experience and have been in charge of all kinds 
of electrical construction, maintenance, and operation of hydro-electric 
plants, substations, industrial plants and transmission lines. Can 
produce results. Prefer Western Canada or Western States. Apply 
box No. 167-W. 

Electrical Engineer 

Electrical engineer, graduate 1923 in electrical and hydraulic 
engineering, age 24, single, Canadian, desires a position with a reputable 
Canadian or English firm interested in the management and engineering 
problems of public utilities, would preferably locate in Canada, but 
willing to consider South America. Broad experience in maintenance 
and operation of gold mine equipment. One year General Electric 
Co.'s Test. At present employed on transmission investigations. 
Available on reasonable notice. Apply box No. 168- W. 

Electrical Engineer 

Graduate 1923, b.a.Sc, University of Toronto. Two years 
experience before graduation, on electrical construction and maintenance 
of power stations and substations. One year and four months ex- 
perience on electrical design of substations and industrial plants. 
Position as assistant engineer with public utility corporation desired. 
Salarv to start not important. Commence in one month. Box. No. 
169-W. 

Articled to Land Surveyor 

Graduate wishes to become articled to a land surveyor, preferably 
with headquarters at Toronto. Remuneration secondary consideration. 
Apply ox No. 170-W. 



Further information may be secured from the secretaries 
of the various branches, whose addresses may be found under 
"Officers of Branches" on page 44 of The Journal. 

Ottawa Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, F. C. C. Lynch, A.M.E.I.C. 

Feb. 10th. Address on "The 1923 Cruise of the Arctic" by J. D. Craig, 
m.e.i. c, and F. D. Henderson. 

Feb. 19th. "Power". A descriptive movie film prepared by the 
Wagner Electric Corporation covering the history of 
power from early days to present time. The film to be 
interpolated by remarks from John Murphy, m.e.i.c. 

Montreal Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, E. A. Ryan, A.M.E.I.C. 

Feb. 12th. Address on "Pulp and Paper" by J. N. Stephenson. 

Feb. 19th. Address on "Maintenance of Way on the Lehigh Valley 
Railroad" by C. R. Moore. 

Feb. 26th. Address on "The Diesel and Semi-Diesel Oil Engine" by 
R. T. Griffith. 

Mar. 5th. Address on "Invisible Radiations" by Dr. L. E. Parizeau. 

Mar. 12th. Address on "Improvements in Design and Appearance of 
Highway Bridges" by C. J. Desbaillets, m.e.i.c. 

Mar. 19th. Address on "Air Preheaters" by A. J. T. Taylor. 

Mar. 26th. Address on "Reconditioning Frogs and Rails by Oxy- 
Acetylene Under Traffic" by G. P. MacLaren. 

April 2nd. Address on "Underground Electrical Work-City of Mont- 
real" Dr. L. A. Herdt, m.e.i.c. 

April 9th. Address on "Financial Aspect of the Decongestion of Traf- 
fic in Montreal" by S. Ouimet, a.m.e.i.c. 

April 16th. Address on "Consideration of Rainfall and Run-off in Con- 
nection with Sewer Design" J. G. Caron. 

April 23rd. Address on "Transformers" by C. E. Sisson, m.e.i.c. 

Victoria Branch:— • 

Secretary-Treasurer, E. P. Girdwood, M.E.I.C. 

Feb. 11th. Address on "Bridges of British Columbia", by A. L. Car- 
ruthers, m.e.i.c. 

Feb. 19th. Address on "Manufacture of Pulp and Paper", by Robert 
Bell-Irving, a.m.e.i.c. 

Mar. 11th. Address on "Comparative Geography, etc., as Applied to 
Transportation", by G. G. Aitken. 

Mar. 25th. Address on "Problems of Town Planning", E. G. Marriott, 

A.M.E.I.C. 

April 8th. Address on "Dominion Drydock", by J. P. Forde, M.E.I.C. 
Winnipeg Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, P. Burke-Gaffney, A.M.E.I.C. 
Feb. 19th. Address on "Hot Treatment of Loco. Steels, Showing 
Application of Micro Photography", by James Gilcrist, 
and A. C. Turtle, a.m.e.i.c, Canadian Pacific Railway 
Company. 
Mar. 4th. Address on "Steam Storage and Steam Accumulators", 
by A. J. T. Taylor, Vickers and Combustion Engineer- 
ing Limited, Toronto, Ont. 
Mar. 18th. Address on "New Koppers Gas Plant", by Hugh McNair, 

Winnipeg Electric Railway. 
April 1st. Address on "Central Steam Heating", by N. W. Calvert, 

and J. W. Sanger, a.m.e.i.c. 
April 15th. Address on "Application of Compressed Air to Industry", 

(Moving Picture). Ingersoll-Rand Company. 
May 6th. Annual Meeting — Report of Committees. 
London Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, E. A. Gray, A.M.E.I.C. 
Feb. 18th. Presentation of Branch Charter, by Vice-President, 

J. B. Challies, C.E., m.e.i.c. 
St. John Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, W. J. Johnston, A.M.E.I.C. 
Feb. 19th. Address by E. G. Evans, m.e.i.c, on "The Teredo". 
Mar. 19th. Address by H. G. Acres, D.sc, M.E.I.C, on "Deterioration 

of Turbine Runners". 
April 16th. Address by H. O. Mclnerney, K.C., on "Law of Contracts 
as it Affects Engineers". 
Details of Dates and Subjects to be announced later: — • 
A visit to the Admiral Beatty Hotel, under the direction 

of John B. Stirling, a.m.e.i.c 
Illustrated Lecture, "The Mount Royal Hotel", by Walter 

J. Armstrong, M.E.I.C 
Address on "Engineering Education" by W. E. Wickenden, 

Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education. 
Address by Prof. Hammond, Polytechnique Institute, 

Brooklyn, N.Y. 
A meeting during the winter to be held at Fredericton. N.B. 
Calcary Branch: — 

Secretary-Treasurer, G. P. F. Boese, A.M.E.I.C. 
Feb. 23rd. East Kootenay Power. 
Mar. 9th. Annual Meeting. 
Mar. 23rd. Prize Competition. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



93 



I 

i 

* — ., 



Abstracts of Papers read before the Branches 



I 

! 
•4 



The Yukon of '97 and Now 

W. L. Bramlty, 
Niagara Peninsula Branch, at Thorold, January 9th, 1925 

In the fall of 1896 about half a dozen men went into "The Yukon", 
wintered on Bonanza creek and came out in the spring with one million 
dollars in gold, and the rush was on. The population of the territory, 
was then no greater than one hundred men. The spring of '97 saw a 
great gathering at the Chilcoot and White passes eager to rush into the 
unknown. Before anyone was permitted to enter, he had to have with 
him 1,100 pounds of 'grub', enough to last a year. This had to be 
packed over the Chilcoot pass, which was so steep that steps had to 
be cut in the snow for 500 feet, or one could take the longer way round 
and enter by the White pass, over which it was possible to take pack 
animals. The speaker chose the latter, taking with him an ox as beast 
of burden. As has been said, the Chilcoot pass was steep. It was also 
very narrow, a mere cleft in the mountain range. Here a party of 267 
men were caught under an avalanche and buried under 30 feet of snow. 
Not one escaped alive. 

Those who made the crossing safely built themselves boats on the 
shores of lake Linderman and floated behind the breaking ice down the 
Yukon river, 800 miles to Dawson. Some lucky ones dug a fortune out 
of the gravel of Bonanza and nearby creeks and with it returned to 
civilization and a life of ease; others got 'Grub Ore' a plenty but no 
great fortune and stayed on, gradually extending their activities far- 
ther afield, along the lines of the rivers and streams. Gold, silver, 
copper and lead were found in great quantities, 380 million dollars 
worth of gold having been taken out of the Yukon in less than thirty 
years. The known deposits of placer gold are now practically exhausted, 
and until about three months ago, no gold quartz of any account had 
been discovered. Ore cannot be mined economically in the Yukon 
which carries less than $100 to the ton, so great are transportation and 
other costs. 

Placer gold is to be found in the lower four feet of gravel next 
above bed-rock. This gravel may be under from thirty to sixty feet 
of 'muck'. Shafts are sunk through the ever-frozen over-burden, the 
'pay-gravel' is tunnelled out and piled until spring when washing 
commences. The speaker had with him two hastily constructed models 
of types of automatic dams used in places where the ground was not 
perpetually frozen. He explained how, by their help, the muck was 
washed away and the pay-dirt exposed. They were known as the 
Windowblind gate and the Squaw dam. 

At present Mr. Bramley is engaged in silver mining at Mayo lake. 
500 miles south-east of Dawson. He takes out high-grade ore only, 
teams it over forty miles of mountainous country to the head waters 
of the Stewart river. Here it is taken by boat to Dawson, transhipped 
to river steamer, brought down the river 1,800 miles to tide- water where 
it is again transhipped to ocean freighter and taken to San Francisco 
for smelting, at a cost en route of close to $100 per ton. 

An interesting story was told which illustrates well the ebb and 
flow of fortune among the early gold-hunters of Dawson. A miner, 
known to Mr. Bramley, having staked a piece of ground on Bonanza 
creek, being rather disappointed in his prospect and desirous of trying 
somewhere else, offered the plot to a Swede at whatever price the Swede 
could or would pay for it. All the Swede had was $700. The owner 
took the $700 and felt pleased at the bargain. Next morning the other, 
feeling that he had been foolish, tried to get his money back. His 
efforts were in vain, — a bargain was a bargain. He had to make the 
best of a bad job. The result, however, was that the Swede, at the end 
of two years, came out of the Yukon with over a million dollars taken 
from the land that had been literally forced upon him. So far as the 
Swede is concerned, this is not the end of the story, unfortunately. He 
is now piling slabs in a Vancouver lumber yard. The million has been 
dissipated. 

On one occasion, as the speaker was out alone on the hills, many 
miles from nowhere, he saw from the brink of a ravine a prospector 
working near the creek, attempting to move a huge boulder that lay 
across a tunnel which he was trying to drive into the hill side. The 
stone had been loosened, and the miner was in imminent danger of 
being crushed beneath it. As Mr. Bramley approached, the other, 
unaware of his presence, was talking aloud. The first words that were 
audible to the listener were, 'Oh God !' if you make this stone to fall 
on me, please kill me outright, Don't maim me." 

What seemed to the writer the most remarkable facts brought by 
Mr. Bramley had nothing to do with gold or snow. In digging at 
Bonanza, in the early days, he unearthed, at a depth of about 60 feet, 



some splendid fossil remains, mammoth tusks nine feet in length and 
huge teeth of ivory, and again the head skeleton of a mammoth which 
the speaker asserted would not fit under the average ceiling. In the 
same vicinity, and at a depth that would show that they were of the 
same or greater age than the stratum of gravel that contained them, 
he dug out two curiously shaped disks of pottery, about twelve inches in 
diameter at the base, six inches deep, like truncated cones. In the 
centre of the top plane a hole, some three inches in depth, showed a 
spiral groove on the inside, exactly similar to the thread of a modern 
screw. All these valuable remains, in the scurry and lust for gold, were 
thrown away and lost. 

The Yukon of to-day is not what it was in the palmy days following 
the great gold rush of the nineties. Dawson City's lights are dimmed 
for a time. It has shrunk to the proportions of a village of 700 inhabi- 
tants. A railway crosses the Rockies to White Horse Rapids. Small 
river steamers ply to and fro on the Yukon river and its larger tribu- 
taries. Great wealth still remains for the miner of silver and lead and 
probably lode gold. The first ore concentrator in the territory is now 
being built on the Stewart river. Some day the Yukon will again come 
into its own. Better transportation facilities will make possible the 
development of mines now uneconomical but which are rich in com- 
parison with the big mines of Ontario. 

The Winnipeg River Watershed 

/. W. Sanger, A.M.E.I.C. 
Winnipeg Branch, December 18th, 1924. 

Mr. Sanger introduced his subject by considering the particular 
advantage that the Winnipeg river is to the city of Winnipeg as its 
source of power. 

"The utilization of electrical energy in the province of Manitoba", 
said Mr. Sanger, "has developed so rapidly during the last fifteen years 
that the conservation of the sources of energy that lie within the com- 
mercial range of Winnipeg must receive constant attention. As a 
source of power the Winnipeg river will always be of supreme importance 
to the city of Winnipeg and up to the present time no other source of 
power has suggested itself as a serious competitor. 

Statistics indicate an annual increase in demand for electrical 
energy in Winnipeg of 12 per cent. This means that the rate of con- 
sumption of electrical energy would be doubled every six years. Win- 
nipeg is faced, if these estimates are correct, with a complete exhaustion 
of hydraulic power sites in the province of Manitoba, within the next 
ten years, or, at the most, within twelve years. The combined load 
this year, 1924, on the two hydro-electric power systems is, up to date, 
180,000 h.p., and as the maximum output of the Winnipeg river under 
ideal methods of conservation and regulation will not exceed 600,000 
h.p., it is not difficult to see how quickly we are approaching the day 
when the demand will exceed the supply. 

It is only by the harmonious efforts of international and inter- 
provincial bodies, together with the unselfish support of public and 
private corporations, that Manitoba can secure for itself the maximum 
that engineering science can offer". 

Winnipeg River Basin 

From that point Mr. Sanger went on to describe the basin of the 
Winnipeg river, — that it forms part of the Nelson River drainage 
system, — the Nelson river eventually discharges the combined run- 
off of the Winnipeg, Red and Saskatchewan rivers after their uniting 
in the central reservoir lake Winnipeg. "The entire watershed is very 
sparsely populated and a large portion offers little opportunity for 
agricultural settlement. A considerable portion of the forest cover 
is too small to possess great timber value. In the sheltered valleys 
the timber is better developed and is of considerable commercial value. 

The great extent of the forest cover exercises a most beneficial 
influence on the run-off from the basin. This is particularly noted 
when comparison is made between conditions on the prairie as compared 
with conditions forty miles east at the Winnipeg river. The snow will 
have completely disappeared from the prairie while the snow is still 
lying deep on the forest area. 

Muskegs have received but little notice as regulators of run-off, 
whereas they are very important, at least in this watershed. To the 
forest, muskegs, small streams, and lakes the Winnipeg river owes its 
almost unequalled natural regulation; its normal yearly flood seldom 
exceeding three or four times its minimum. 

The Winnipeg river has a characteristic formation expanding, as 
it does, into deep lake-like expanses with little or no current, and again 



94 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



narrowing at congested channels forming rapids and falls over granite 
ridges. These submerged ridges at the critical points along the river, 
combined with the deep ponds which are already i n existence immediate- 
ly above, supply unequalled sites for the development of power." 

Effect of Low Temperature 

Considering the value of the Winnipeg river for hydro-electric 
development the conditions resulting from low temperatures receive 
consideration. "The influence of temperature on the run-off of the 
Winnipeg river during the winter season cannot be definitely stated. 
The continuous discharge records are more or less influenced by storage 
in the larger and smaller lakes. This militates against securing records 
showing the direct relation between temperature range and river dis- 
charge. As is usual, of course, the results of minimum flow are ex- 
perienced during the winter. The extreme low flows which are exper- 
ienced in other rivers in this region are prevented by the excellent 
natural reservoir system that is provided for the better regulation of the 
Winnipeg river. 

Apart from the influence on the run-off of low temperature, is the 
question of ice troubles in plant operation. The troubles experienced 
in the past, with the operation of power undertakings in northern 
latitudes, were for a long time considered a necessary evil beyond hope 
of remedy other than the yearly employment of local help in blasting 
and ice-cutting operations. It was noticed that certain plants were 
comparatively free from ice troubles. This provided an incentive to 
closer study of causes and processes of ice formation. 

As a result of that study and the application of the conclusions 
reached together with the fact that the successful uninterrupted oper- 
ation of the plant of the city of Winnipeg Hydro-Electric System at 
Pointe du Bois on the Winnipeg river has been maintained, it is assured 
that no ice troubles of a serious nature need be anticipated /or future 
developments on the samf river. With regard to ice troubles it may be 
generally stated that highly efficient hydraulic development work is 
preventative of them. By that it is meant; if the available head of a 
river is kept to a practical maximum by the elimination of rapids and 
high velocity sections then the consequent rapid formation of sheet ice 
will prevent other ice troubles. 

Although, on the Winnipeg river ice forms to an average depth of 
24 inches, ice jams of a dangerous kind are not experienced at the spring 
break-up. The forest cover and the muskegs hold back the winter 
precipitation until the ice has time to melt and rot". 

Rainfall Records 

The relation between precipitation and run-off are interesting. 
Records tend to show that out of an average precipitation of twenty- 
four inches, six or seven inches finds its way into the main river chan- 
nels at the outlets of the individual watershed areas. The difference 
between 24 inches and 6 or 7 inches must take the form of evaporation. 
Records taken at Kenora indicate that the evaporation from the surface 
of the Lake of the Woods, — and by deduction from the surface of all 
lakes in this area, — approximates the precipitation thereon. The 
lakes therefore may be considered as functioning purely as reservoirs 
and not as part of the catchment basin. Very little is yet known of 
the rate of evaporation from land areas covered with different classes 
of vegetation. Without doubt muskegs are very efficient in conserving 
the precipitation. 

Control Flow for Maximum Power 

It is obviously necessary to improve on the irregular natural flow 
of the Winnipeg river in order that the maximum possible power may 
be obtained. It is noted that a regular flow of 20,000 second-feet is 
recommended by the International Joint Commission and the Dominion 
Water Power Branch as economically feasible. Any control of outflow, 
whatever, results in higher than natural lake levels at all seasons of the 
year, unless the discharge capacity of the outlet is increased over the 
natural size control of the outflow from a lake, with a view to its equal- 
ization, presupposes the storage of flood water. 

The true ideal in artificial regulation demands an irregular flow 
which will coincide with the irregular demand for power. The demand 
for power from the Winnipeg river is greatest when nature is placing 
the greatest restriction on the flow. The accomplishment of the true 
ideal regulation would therefore demand an inordinately large reservoir 
system. The true ideal could not be approached practically. 

Discussion on Mr. Sanger's Paper 

At the conclusion of Mr. Sanger's address the meeting was opened 
for discussion. In doing that the chairman drew attention to some of 
the economies in the use of the potential power of the Winnipeg river, 
Some of these, he said, might have been effected had it been possible 
to foresee the growth in demand while others might yet be taken 
advantage of, although at some primary sacrifice. To raise a question 
and direct the discussion he suggested the possibility of scrapping the 
city hydro plant and the Winnipeg Electric Pinawa plant, both to be 
superceded by the development at Bird River falls of 150,000 h.p. 



E. V. Caton, m.e.I.c, manager, electric utility, Winnipeg Electric 
Railway Company, congratulated the speaker of the evening on the 
scope and detail of his address. He felt that the real economic use of 
hydro-electric power was in the production of goods; in other words, 
in being used to increase the wealth of the community and provide a 
pay roll, and not to provide luxuries, which, however desirable, were 
not, in any way, increasing the prosperity of the community. He 
emphasized that he did not wish to suggest the elimination of cooking 
and domestic load, but he did not think that the growth of a load, 
which confined almost entirely to such demand, necessarily indicated a 
healthy condition. The effect of the forest fires in reducing the run- 
off deserved thought. Any planning for the future should bear in mind 
the reduction in available power that might result from the destruction 
of the forests. 

Mr. Caton went on to congratulate the Dominion Government 
Water Power Branch. That department's work had been invaluable 
in its extent, and the dependence that could be placed on the accuracy 
of its particular deductions reflected great credit on the ability of the 
individual engineers, of which it is composed. He drew attention to 
the fact that our chairman, Mr. McLean, now deputy minister of public 
works of the province of Manitoba, had been in charge of the preliminary 
surveys of the Winnipeg river. He gave it as his opinion that it was 
largely due to Mr. McLean that surveys had been brought to final 
completion. 

F. H. Martin, m.e.i.c, consulting engineer, Winnipeg, followed 
Mr. Caton. Mr. Martin had noticed a reference to the Pinawa plant of 
the Winnipeg Electric Railway Company. In the light of the years of 
experience since the Pinawa plant had been commenced, and in the 
light of the knowledge of the conditions and potentialities of the Win- 
nipeg river that had been acquired in the interval, and in the light of 
the growth in demand for electric power, it was perhaps possible to 
criticize some features of that plant. Mr. Martin assured the audience 
that no apology for the plant was necessary. He reviewed its history 
from the inception of the idea that prompted its building. 

At the time the site of the Pinawa plant was reported on and 
selected by the Winnipeg Electric Railway interests, the maximum 
demand for power that Winnipeg would make in a period of twenty 
years was estimated to be 4,000 h.p. The report that decided on the 
selection of the Pinawa site over the alternative Great Falls site was 
based on observations made in the winter when ice conditions were 
abnormal. The actual head available at Pinawa was found to differ 
from the then observed head. Since then the available head has been 
raised by a diversion dam resulting in a 40,000 h.p. plant instead of 
4,000 h.p. as originally intended. 

Mr. Martin's opinion differed from that of Mr. Caton concerning 
the value of domestic load. It was Mr. Martin's opinion that domestic 
load was desirable when surplus power existed and that other sources 
of power will become available as those now in sight are put into use. 
He mentioned economical central station development through the use 
of pulverized lignite fuel. He referred to the economical generation of 
steam in the city of Winnipeg hydro steam heating plant, in that 
connection. 

Mr. Martin agreed with the previous speakers that ice troubles 
in connection with the Winnipeg river developments were obviated by 
the creation of good ponds; the formation of frazil ice was thereby 
prevented. 

C. H. Attwood, a.m.e.i.c, district chief engineer of the Dominion 
Water Power Branch, followed Mr. Martin. Definite comparison was 
made by Mr. Attwood between the uncontrolled flows of the Red and 
Assiniboine rivers with the naturally and artificially controlled flow of 
the Winnipeg river. The conclusion that frazil ice was eliminated by 
large pond areas was confirmed by Mr. Attwood. Reference was made 
to actual winter observations of the Nelson river. It was noted that 
where the river flows out from Cross lake no frazil ice appears, whereas 
below the rapids, further down frazil ice in large quantities was found. 
The frazil ice forms in the open water, caused by rapids and falls, flows 
downstream and collects under the immediately succeeding ice sheet. 
It was noted on the Nelson river that the frazil ice accumulations col- 
lected to depths of forty feet or more, depending upon the rate of the 
current. The greatest packing of ice accumulations under the ice sheet 
was found in quiet water in the bays. 

Reference was made to observations of the Bow River development, 
where troubles from the formation of ground ice and frazil ice had been 
experienced. Mention was made also of conditions on the Peace river 
during spring break-up. At times of early flood water conditions in 
that river the flood waters flowing over the top of the solid ice cover and 
the ice eventually breaking from its anchorage caused huge masses of 
ice to rise and flow downstream. If obstructions were encountered by 
these moving masses of ice large blocks up-ended, causing tremendous 
ice-jams in the river. 

C. H. Blanchard, a.m.e.i.c, district engineer, Department of 
Public Works, followed Mr. Attwood. Mr. Blanchard reverted to 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



95 



Mr. Sanger's and Mr. Caton's mention of forest fires. A question was 
asked as to the effectiveness of the air patrol in fighting fires. Mr. Att- 
wood answered the question in the affirmative, that the air patrol was 
effective. Mr. Attwood's answer was agreed with by J. W. Porter, 
m.e.i. c, who instanced the prompt appearance of the air patrol when 
brush was being burned at Minaki. 

H. A. Bowman, a.m.e.i.c, chief engineer, Reclamation Branch, 
Department of Public Works, congratulated Mr. Sanger on his address 
and moved the vote of thanks, which was tendered. 

Mr. Sanger acknowledged his indebtedness to government reports 
for material. He had co-ordinated that material with information from 
personal observation and experience and had made the deductions and 
reached the conclusions of his paper. 

Ontario Forestry Branch Air Service 

Captain Moloney, 
Sault Ste. Marie Branch, December 19th, 1924 

In a brief introduction Capt. Maloney indicated the tremendous 
expansion of the British Air Service during the war and the organization 
of the Canadian Air Board, whose chief work was the protection of the 
forests. In 1921, federal government machines did some experimental 
work along the lines of the Canadian Government Railways. Further 
work was done on a small scale in 1922 and work by a commercial 
organization was done in 1923 including about 1,400 hours of flying. 

In 1924, the Ontario Government formed the Ontario Forestry 
Branch Air Service with a personnel of 34, and 13 flying boats of the 
H.S.2.L type originally built for the United States Government. North- 
ern and western Ontario was divided into two divisions viz: Eastern, 
with headquarters at Sudbury including the section from Parry Sound 
to Cochrane to Longlac; and Western section with headquarters at 
Sioux Lookout including from Longlac to the Manitoba boundary, an 
area of about 55,178 square miles. Supply stations for the eastern 
division were at Timagami, Como and Amyot, and the western division 
stations at Orient Bay, Fort Frances, Port Arthur and Minaki. 

Some of the characteristics of theH.S.2 L. type flying boats are: — 
Weight loaded 3 l /& tons; horse-power 360; carrying capacity 4; speed 60 
m.p.h.; flying time A l A hours; range of glide one mile for each 1,000 feet 
elevation; visibility on a clear day would be about 25 miles while on an 
exceptionally clear day it might be 50 miles at 5,000 feet elevation; four 
hours flight on a day of fairly good visibility would give an area patrolled 
of 13,500 square miles. 

It was assumed that by canoe patrol 75 per cent of fires started 
would either not be detected or would burn themselves out or be put 
out by rain. With 640 fires reported by the air patrol it may be inferred 
that even if the fires not detected were the smallest ones, the result 
would be much more serious with canoe patrol alone. In one instance, 
Capt. Maloney told his audience, the fire had been reported and a few 
men with equipment landed within few hours and the fire extinguished, 
many hours before canoe transportation could have placed them at the 
scene of the fire. 

When the fire hazard was low the Air Service was engaged upon 
survey and reconnaissance work of which a moderate amount was done 
in 1924. This is an important part of the work and a considerable 
amount of success has been achieved in the way of mapping timber 
lands, as has been noted in the technical press. 



BRANCH NEWS 



Winnipeg Branch 

P. Burke-Gaffney, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
James Quail, A.M.E.I.C, Branch News.Editor. 

A regular meeting of the Winnipeg Branch was held on the evening 
of December 18th, when D. L. McLean, A.M.E.I.C, chairman, occupied 
the chair. He expressed pleasure at being present at a meeting after his 
long enforced absence. He thanked the members for their kindness in 
remembering him, saying that consistent kindness shown during a long 
tedious convalescence was the kind that could not be forgotten by the 
recipient. 

J. W. Sanger, a.m.e.i.c, chief engineer of the Winnipeg Hydro- 
Electric System, was introduced by the chairman as speaker of the 
evening. Mr. Sanger's subject was announced as "The Winnipeg 
River Watershed".* 

Calgary Branch 

G. P. F. Boese, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
W. St. J. Miller, A.M.E.I.C, Branch News Editor. 

On January 12th, the annual dinner of the branch was held in the 
Elizabethan rooms of the Hudson's Bay Company's store. It was con- 
ceded on all sides that this ranked as one of the most successful affairs 
of its kind that has yet been staged by the branch, and while our worthy 
secretary worked hard behind the scenes, the success was largely due 
to the efforts of members of the branch who reside at Brooks, Alberta, 
together with their friends. These people came up in a body and gave 
us a display of talent varied to suit everyone's taste that for such an 
occasion would be hard to surpass. 

The spread of eatables and drinkables was good indeed, but even 
the latter might have been a trifle flat had it not been followed by such 
a programme of hilarity. "The gang" was right there with the goods, 
so to speak, under the able chairmanship (pro. tem.) of A. Griffin from 
Brooks. Wesley Crook, jr.E.i.c, made an ideal "crook" in his get-up 
as a street faker ! S. H. Frame, a.m.e.i.c, C. A. Pope, a.m.e.i.c, and 
C. C. Elliott, a.m.e.i.c, were excellent and well supported by their 
friends in putting over their serio-comic aggregate, both vocal and 
instrumental. To Major F. G. Cross, a.m.e.i.c, must be given the 
credit for being an able organizer and versatile artist, for he was back 
of it all, and some of us know well what that kind of work entails. His 
charcoal sketches, done together with a friend, were clever and amusing. 

During the evening Chairman R. S. Trowsdale, A.M.E.I.C, referred 
with considerable pride to the notable achievement gained by "Fred" 
Cross in his success as winner of both of the first prizes for the war 
memorial and records competitions open to all members of The Institute. 
The chairman's further remarks were to the point in his references to 
engineering progress and achievements in recent years, and he foresaw 
a still more rapid advance in the near future. He also stated that it 
was such get-together meetings as these that helped to promote a feeling 
of better fellowship amongst engineers. 



1 An abstract of this paper appears on another page of this issue. 



THE ENGINEERS 

CANADA' 

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u 
p 

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N 
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T 
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OH BOY! 




. Mr.^F.dji. 




CALGARY- BRANCR 
ANNUAL-BANQUET 
12 '" JANUARY 1925 



Calgary Branch Annual Dinner Menu and Programme 



96 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Following the toast to the King, R. M. Dingwall, a.m.e.i.c, pro- 
posed The Institute and related several "true" Scotch stories, concluding 
with "here's tae us and wha's like us" or words to that effect. P. Turner 
Bone, M.E.I. C., seconded with a few apt remarks. 

At the conclusion of the entertainment and following some com- 
plimentary remarks from the chair, P. J. Jennings, m.e.i.c, proposed 
in suitable terms a hearty vote of thanks to the visiting members and 
their friends. 

A feature of the evening was the cleverly designed menu and 
programme — a rendition of subtle art and ingenuity at the hands of 
Major Cross. 

Toronto Branch 
/. H. Curzon, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
J. A. Knight, A.M.E.I.C, Branch News Editor. 

Due to the holiday season the Toronto Branch has very little to 
report. On Monday, January 12th, at 12.30 p. m., we held a luncheon 
in the King Edward hotel, addressed by Dr. W. F. Durand, president 
of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 
The Engineering Profession 

Mr. Durand chose as his subject "The Engineering Profession, its 
Antiquity and its Obligations". The other technical societies of the 
city were invited, and a very representative assembly of engineers were 
present to hear Dr. Durand. The speaker traced the profession from 
the dawn of history to the present day, and also stated what he con- 
sidered engineers owed to posterity. Dr. Durand quoted a definition 
of the engineers, which suits the general public very well, — • "An 
engineer is a man who does the things that ordinary engineers are 
expected to do." Dr. Durand stressed the need of engineers in executive 
positions making quick decisions, but also pointed out the definition of 
a great man as laid down by Theodore Roosevelt which was, "A great 
man should be right 51 per cent of the time" would hardly hold good for 
a great engineer where accuracy is so necessary and so much depends 
on the correctness of design. His closing remarks were that we of the 
engineering profession, which is the oldest in the world, have received 
a lot from the past and must pass this knowledge on to the future 
generations much enriched by our efforts. 

Quebec Branch 

Louis Beaudry, S.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
The experience of preceding years has shown that luncheon 
meetings are more convenient to the members than the evening meetings. 
So, for the present year, two luncheons each month will be held instead 
of one luncheon and one evening meeting as in the past years. Special 
evening meetings will be held when the addresses require illustrations. 
The enlargement of the Chateau Frontenac being completed, the 
management of this hotel is now able to accommodate us for any of our 
meetings. 

Exploitation of Forests 

On Monday, January 12th, G. C. Piche, a.m.e.i.c, chief of the 
Provincial Forestry Service, was the speaker at a luncheon-meeting 
held at the Chateau Frontenac. Mr. Piche, at first, said a few words on 
the Forestry Engineering School of Laval University, which was the 
first to give the title of Forestry Engineer. Describing the duty of the 
forestry engineer, Mr. Piche stated that he should first be well ac- 
quainted with the nature of the forest in which he intends to work. He 
should have an accurate knowledge of the topography of that section 
of the country, using different instruments for this purpose as; sur- 
veyor's compass, planetable, transit, level, etc. He should study the 
health of the trees, the time of the growing, to determine the cutting 
operation. 

The speaker likened the forest tree to an ordinary individual, 
saying that there is always a continual battle for life going on in the 
forest ; the tree that is unable to attain a certain height through adverse 
surrounding does not receive the benefit of the sun, while if there should 
be lack of space at the base of the tree, it is unable to extend its roots. 
This, he said, is overcome when the underbrush is cleared away by the 
forester thereby cultivating the forest. This action tends to increase the 
average yield. Insects and mushrooms too, Mr. Piche said, are a great 
menace to the production of the forest. It is the practice to segregate 
these areas from the trees that are in "good health" after much the same 
manner as a man suffering from a contagious disease would be quaran- 
tined. 

Mr. Piche was introduced to the gathering by our chairman, 
A. R. Decary, m.e.i.c, and at the conclusion of his address, he was 
accorded a hearty vote of thanks which was moved by Major Jules 
Duchastel de Montrouge, m.e.i.c. 

Sault Ste. Marie Branch 

W. S. Wilson, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
The annual meeting of the Sault Ste. Marie Branch was held on 
December 19th, at the Y.W.C.A., following a dinner enjoyed by mem- 
bers and guests, including Major Clayton and Capt. Maloney of the 
local post of Ontario Forestry Branch Air Service. 



The chairman, Le Roy Brown, a.m.e.i.c, presided and called upon 
the secretary to read the minutes of the previous meeting, which were 
adopted. The reports of the Entertainment Committee and the 
Legislation and Remuneration Committees were read and adopted. 
The report of the Membership Committee was not available. 

The scrutineers chosen at the last meeting to count ballots for 
election of the executive for 1925 announced their finding as follows: 

Chairman, Wm. Seymour, m.e.i.c 

Vice-Chairman, C. H. Speer, m.e.i.c 

Committeemen, A. E. Pickering, m.e.i.c, (2 years). 
Dr. C. V. Corless, m.e.i.c, (1 year). 
_ As retiring chairman, Mr. Brown gave a brief resume of the year's 
activities, noting particularly the visit of Major Geo. A. Walkem, 
M.E.I.C, and the presentation of the branch charter and the apprecia- 
tion of the executive and the branch of the work of C. H. Speer, m.e.i.c, 
of the Papers Committee. Nominations for auditors for 1925 resulted 
in the election of Messrs. Rounthwaite and Smallwood. 

The chairman then called upon Captain Maloney to give an 
address on the work of the Ontario Forestry Branch Air Service* which 
was done with ability and was much appreciated by the members of 
the branch. 

On motion of G. H. Kohl, a.m.e.i.c, a hearty vote of thanks was 
tendered to Capt. Maloney for the extremely interesting talk. This 
was followed by informal discussion and the meeting then adjourned. 

Edmonton Branch 

W. R. Mount, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

On December 12th, a large number of members with their friends 
listened with much interest to an address by Mr. Chard, provincial 
freight and traffic supervisor for Alberta. 

The speaker went back to the early days of rate fixing explaining 
how some were arrived at and how others must have just grown. The 
several classifications of the present structure were gone into together 
with the purpose of various other rates. Mr. Chard gave some reasons 
why rates were apparently so high in Alberta, i. e., from far easterly and 
Pacific coast points, when compared with other parts of the Country. 
Alberta cities are seemingly too far west to feel much benefit from the 
"290 mile constructive rate" on freight coming from the east and so 
close to the easterly limits of the mountain differential rate that that 
rate is felt at almost full force. 

The Crows Nest Pass agreement, its inception and present status 
was defined, and many members who were not already familiar with 
this much talked of agreement were enabled to more clearly understand 
same. Many instances of rate anomolies were quoted and some details 
given. 

When moving a vote of thanks, Col. B. J. Saunders, m.e.i.c, was 
able to compare notes with 30 years ago in the West, and R. S. L. 
Wilson, a.m.e.i.c, summed up by seconding the vote. 

Chairman Kells Hall, a.m.e.i.c, expressed the appreciation of all 
present before adjourning the meeting. 

London Branch 

E. A. Gray, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
R. I. Olmsted, A.M.E.I.C, Branch News Editor. 

A special meeting of the London Branch was held in the office 
of the Department of Public Works, January 9th, 1925, at 4.45 p.m. 
The hour of meeting was unusual for the branch, but was arranged 
owing to various social events on that date. 

Grading Aggregates and Proportioning Water for Concrete 

Chairman Buchanan introduced the speaker, E. Viens, b.a., 
a.m.e.i.c, director of the laboratory for testing materials, Department 
of Public Works, Ottawa. Mr. Viens' lecture was confined to the 
subject of concrete, dealing particularly with the grading of aggregates 
and amount of water used in the mix. Mr. Viens had numerous 
analyses of gravel and sand samples taken from locations throughout 
Canada. These analyses showed the strength derived from the un- 
graded aggregate and the increased strength resulting from the proper 
grading of same, and proved conclusively what can be done to increase 
the strength of concrete by scientific grading of the aggregate. He also 
pointed out what can be accomplished by rigid inspection of concrete 
construction. 

St. John Branch 
W. J. Johnston, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Again the citizens of St. John, showed their interest in the meetings 
of the St. John Branch when many attended a meeting on January 15th. 
and learned of "The Progress of the Admiral Beatty Hotel" as told by 
R. H. Macdonald, vice-president of Ross and Macdonald, architects, 
Montreal. The address was of timely interest as all the citizens are 
interested in St. John's new eight-storey hotel under construction. The 
need of this has long been felt to accommodate tourist and auto traffic 
during the summer, and during the winter the trans-Atlantic passenger 
traffic using this Canadian sea-port. 



An abstract of this paper appears on another page of this issue. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



97 



Border Cities Branch 

F. Jas. Bridges, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

The annual meeting of the Border Cities Branch was held Friday 
evening December 12th, in the Prince Edward Hotel, Windsor. 

This was a dinner meeting and after a bounteous feed was tucked 
away by all present, the chairman, J. E. Porter, a.m.e.i.c, called for 
the reading of the minutes of the previous meeting. Following this, 
on the call for any new business, the secretary commented on the 
present branch by-laws with particular reference to the form of nomin- 
ating and election of officers. This, he stated, seemed to be rather 
out of date inasmuch as all nominating and voting must be done at 
the annual meeting, thereby not granting any such privileges to the 
non-resident members of the branch. He felt that these members 
were entitled to some recognition and that a form of letter nomination 
and ballot ought to be adopted. This brought forth considerable dis- 
cussion pro and con, the result of which was a motion put by J. E. Porter, 
a.m.e.i.c, and seconded by W. J. Fletcher, a.m.e.i.c, that the matter 
of revising the by-laws be left to a by-law committee to be chosen by 
the chairman for next year. 

The chairman then called for the reports of the various officers and 
committees. The secretary read his report and also that of the treasurer. 
The chairman then gave a brief account of his office during the year, 
touching on the splendid co-operation of the different officers and com- 
mittees of the year and he also dwelt on the time worn topic, that is 
of the evident lack of interest and enthusiasm shown by engineers when 
it comes to turning out to meetings. Reports of the Advertising, 
Membership and Papers and Entertainment committees were tabled. 
The reports of the different officers and committees were adopted as 
read. 

Election of Officers 

Following this the annual nomination and election of officers took 
place. The nominations for chairman were J.C.Keith, a.m.e.i.c, A.J. M. 
Bowman, a.m.e.i.c, W. Fletcher, a.m.e.i.c, and J. E. Porter, a.m.e.i.c, 
the latter withdrawing. Upon voting J. Clarke Keith, a.m.e.i.c, 
was elected. The nominations for vice-chairman were L. McGill 
Allan, A.M.E.I.C, and A. J. M. Bowman, A.M.E.I.C Upon voting 
A. J. M. Bowman, a.m.e.i.c, was elected. F. Jas. Bridges, a.m.e.i.c, 
was nominated secretary-treasurer and as nominations were then voted 
closed he was elected. The three committee men elected were L. McGill 
Allan, a.m.e.i.c, W. J. Fletcher, a.m.e.i.c, and F. H. Kester, a.m.e.i.c 

Upon the completion of the elections the retiring chairman called 
upon J. Clarke Keith, a.m.e.i.c, chairman elect to take the chair. 

A discussion then ensued regarding the advisability or otherwise 
of holding a ball this year. Due however to the lamentable lack of 
interest shown in the replies to the questionnaires sent out by the 
Entertainment Committee and also by the marked degree of discourtesy 
shown by the majority of the members in not even deigning to return 
the questionnaires, it was decided to drop the idea for this year. 

The annual eruption then broke forth when several members, 
"faithful old reliables", deplored the utter lack of interest and co- 
operation so evident of many resident members of the Branch who had 
not shown enough interest in their profession to attend even one meet- 
ing during the year. 

Niagara Peninsula Branch 

R. Hogg, Jr. E. I.C., Branch News Editor. 

A business meeting of the branch was held in Thorold on January 
9th, with Chairman E. P. Johnson, a.m.e.i.c, in the chair. 

The secretary submitted an annual report covering the year's 
activities, and the present membership and financial standing of the 
branch. Despite the loss of several members, during the past year, 
through the closing down of the Chippawa canal construction, a net 
gain of eight in membership is recorded. 

Several members are much concerned over the injustice of the 
interpretation put upon the super-annuation act by the government, in 
that it bars from participation under the act, on some slight tech- 
nicality, government engineers employed on the Welland ship canal. 
The introduction of this subject at the meeting gave rise to much dis- 
cussion and a demand that every means be employed to force the 
government to deal fairly with these men. It was pointed out that the 
super-annuation scheme was self-supporting, also that some of those 
affected have been in government employ for as long as twenty years, 
and only during the last few years have they come under the prevailing 
rates schedule with respect to salary. The fact that they are at present 
paid under the prevailing rates schedule is supposed to be the ground 
for the governments ruling, although such has not been specifically 
stated. A motion was put to the meeting, amended and carried, by 
virtue of which a committee of two, F. S. Lazier, m.e.i.c and E. G. 
Cameron a.m.e.i.c, will take the matter up with the council of 
The Institute, and for this purpose will attend the annual meeting at 
Montreal at the expense of the branch. The formation of a Member- 
ship Committee, a Proceedings Committee and a Fuel Committee 
completed the business of the evening. 



The chairman then introduced W. L. Bramley of the Yukon, 
who spoke on "The Yukon of '97 and now".* 

Mr. Bramley is spending a few months in Thorold after an uninterrupted 
sojourn of no less than twenty-seven years in the Yukon. He entered 
that country in 1897, fired by the tales of immense wealth to be had for 
the taking in the Klondyke region. Mr. Bramley did not make a 
speech. A speech was beyond the power of one who, for so long, had 
spent most of his time alone on the trail, or on the mountains where 
no trail existed. By dint of questions many interesting and some 
remarkable facts were learned. 

Montreal Branch 

E. A. Ryan, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer . 

Ed. Prevost, Jr.E.I.C, Branch News Editor. 

The Canadian Patent Act as affecting Engineers 

On November 20th, Russell Smart, m.e.i.c, of Ottawa, a practising 
barrister of note as well as an engineer, gave an interesting talk on the 
Canadian Patent Act of 1923, and its bearing on the work of engineers. 

The lecturer explained the difficulty arising in clearly defining an 
invention, for it involves not only the unquestioned settlement that the 
subject matter must be new, but also, in Canada, that it must be new 
all over the world and not "known to others". 

The most important point in applying for a patent is a complete 
and definite specification, which explains to a certain extent the inven- 
tion itself. The latter is also of considerable help in showing the 
monopoly to be granted. When duly issued, a patent grants to its 
owner a privilege lasting 18 years. Following United States practice, 
if many persons apply simultaneously for the same patent, the law 
provides for an arbitrator to decide who was the first inventor of the 
article, with the alternative of appeal to the Exchequer Court. 

An interesting state of things was disclosed when Mr. Smart said 
that about 70 per cent of the patents granted in Canada were to United 
States inventors. A clause, to protect Canadian interests, specifies 
however, that within four years after granting the patent over 50 per 
cent of the product must be manufactured in Canada. 

A lively discussion followed Mr. Smart's address, at the conclusion 
of which a vote of thanks was tendered by the chairman W. C. Adams, 
m.e.i.c 

Features of Montreal's New 20,000,000-gallon Reservoir 

This important link in the extension of the aqueduct in Montreal 
was very ably explained on November 27th, by J. F. Brett, a.m.e.i.c, 
designing engineer of the Montreal Water Board. The new filtered 
water reservoir is situated on the property of the city in Verdun, and 
lies between the open canal and the filtration plant. It covers an area 
of 5 acres and is designed for 12J^ feet of water under normal conditions. 
Its construction was carried out very economically notwithstanding 
adverse soil conditions, and the unit cost of $26,000 per million gallons 
was favorably commented on during the discussion. 

This reservoir is to take care of the reasonably large fluctuations in 
pumping, but to cope with any abnormal demand of water, an emer- 
gency connection with the aqueduct has been provided. Numerous 
lantern slides were used to supplement the speaker's remarks. 

The merits of Prof. Abrams', m.e.i.c, theories on reinforced con- 
crete were the topic of some of the discussion. Messrs. C. M. Mors- 
sen, m.e.i.c, of the Atlas Construction Co., E. G. M. Cape, m.e.i.c, 
who built the reservoir, A. C. Tagge, m.e.i.c, of the Canada Cement and 
C. J. Desbaillets, m.e.i.c, chief engineer of the Montreal Water Board, 
brought forward interesting points of view. A hearty vote of thanks 
was conveyed to Mr. Brett by R. deL. French, m.e.i.c, consulting 
engineer, who presided. 

Recent Developments in the Design of Fluid Flow Meters 

A paper, describing various types of flow meters, was read before 
the branch on December 4th, by A. Craignon of the Canadian General 
Electric Co. 

The speaker, who has done a vast amount of experimental work 
in the laboratories of the General Electric Company discussed the uses 
of different types of instruments and made known the theoretical 
principles involved in their operation. Numerous exhibits were pre- 
sented as also slides illustrating tests, designs, adaptations, etc. The 
meeting was under the chairmanship of J. T. Farmer, M.E.I.C 

Cost of Electric Power 

On Dec. 11th, P. T. Davies of the Southern Canada Power Company 
contributed a paper on the cost of electric energy. Mr. Davies divided 
the subject under three headings; cost of (a) production, (b) transmission, 
(c) distribution. 

Many factors have to be considered in arriving at a figure on 
production cost. The topography and geology of the country, proximity 
to good roads or railroads, cost of materials and cost of money. In the 
last item, the speaker referred to the conditions under which the bonds 
are placed on the market. 



* An abstract of this paper appears on another page of this issue. 



98 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Cost of transmission is governed mostly by the price of materials. 
One dollar per horse power per mile is an average figure given by the 
lecturer for this. 

Cost of distribution is the hardest to determine owing to the com- 
plexity of factors. Generally speaking it is of the order of $200. per 
horse power. 

The discussion was opened by Dr. R. A. Ross, M.E.I.C, who em- 
phasized the difficulty in arriving at unit costs which one would feel 
confident in applying. G. E. Templeman of The Electrical Commission 
of Montreal, quoted prices of materials from his own list to show how 
closely they agreed with those given by Mr. Davies. In the course 
of his remarks, the speaker said that electric service in rural districts is 
a paving proposition where fifteen modern farms can be counted to the 
mile. This condition does not exist in Canada, and in the United 
States only on part of the Pacific coast where irrigation of land is an 
important matter. 

Air. Woodyatt, general manager of the Southern Canada Power 
also spoke. 

The Branch Annual Meeting 

The branch held its annual meeting on December 18th. After the 
reading and adoption of reports from various committees, with pertinent 
comments on each, O. O. Lefebvre, M.E.I.C, retiring chairman, 
reviewed the principal activities and achievements during the year. 

His address showed that the past year has been a prosperous one 
in many ways. It has seen the inauguration of a municipal section 
with Geo. R. MacLeod, M.E.I.C, as chairman, and also the issuance of 
the final report of the Fuel Committee-headed by F. A. Combe, m.e.i.c. 
The Hudson's Bay Railway question was carefully studied and dis- 
cussed at largely attended meetings. The branch was fortunate in 
having as guests two distinguished engineers, Messrs. C. H. Mitchell, 
m.e.i.c, A. Pillsbury, both members of the St. Lawrence Deep Water- 
way's Board. Mr. Lefebvre extended to them a most hearty welcome, 
to which they replied in well chosen words. 

The following members have been elected to the Executive Com- 
mittee for the coming year: 

J. L. Busfield, M.E.I.C, chairman (by acclamation). 

C. J. Desbaillets, M.E.I.C, vice-chairman. 

F. C. Laberge, M.E.I.C, P. L. Pratley, m.e.i.c, and J. Robertson, 
M.E.I.C The last three replace F. A. Combe, m.e.i.c, D. C. Tennant, 
M.E.I.C, and A. C. Tagge, m.e.i.c, whose two-year term had expired. 
Others remaining as members for one year are: W. C. Adams, m.e.i.c, 
C. V. Christie, a.m.e.i.c, and P. S. Gregory, a.m.e.i.c 

In his address, J. L. Busfield, M.E.I.C, stated that his policies will 
be inspired by the efforts that met with such success under the retiring 
chairman's administration, in the hope that at the end of 1925 his own 
report may compare favourably with the one read this evening. 

C. J. Desbaillets. m.e.i.c, fully endorsed the chairman's views and 
assured those present of his willingness to do everything in his power to 
promote the interests of the branch. 

Peterborough Branch 

P. Manning, A.M.E.I.C, Secrelarv-Treasurer. 
W. E. Ross, A.M.E.I.C, Branch News Editor. 

Annual Banquet 

The scribe wishes to slate that the account of the Annual Banquet, 
which appeared in the December issue of the Journal was written by a 
"layman". Mr. F. H. Dobbin. 

Mr. Dobbin, although not a member of The Institute has always taken 
a keen interest in our affairs and is a regular and welcome guest at our 
meetings. It occurred to the winter that it would be an excellent idea to 
have the account of the Annual Banquet written by a non-member and 
guest and Mr. Dobbin very kindly consented to act as reporter for this 
occasion, but modestly omitted to take credit, or to do more than briefly 
mention his men contribution to the evening's list of speeches. 

At the regular meeting of the branch, held December 11th, the 
members and friends of the Branch had the novel experience of taking 
a trip through Canada's Arctic territory without any of the discomforts 
incidental to such a journey. 

The Arctic Expedition of 1923 

This was made possible by the kindness of J. D. Craig, d.l.s., 
m.e.i.c, of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, who brought to 
Peterborough six reels of wonderful films illustrating the Arctic Expe- 
dition of 1923, of which he was in command. 

The speaker was introduced by A. L. Killaly, a.m.e.i.c, in a few 
well chosen sentences, after which Mr. Craig modestly stated that he 
did not intend to give an address as he was "merely sent out by the 
department to talk a little about the films as they were shown, as they 
have, as yet, no titles or sub-titles." 

As a preliminary to the films, Mr. Craig indicated, with the aid 
of two maps thrown upon the screen, the extent of this little-known 
portion of Canada and gave a few figures regarding the exports, after 
which the films were run through. 

These films form practically a complete photographic record of the 
voyage of the C.G. S.S. Arctic, Capt. J. E. Bernier commander, and of 
the expedition from the time of leaving Quebec city in July to the return 
in September to the same port. 



The route followed was from Quebec to Gaspe Inlet, thence to 
Belle Isle, Labrador, from where they proceeded to Godhavn on the 
Greenland coast, then through Glacier strait to Craig harbour in 
Baffin Land. They then crossed again to Greenland to call at Etah, 
going north from there to Cape Sabine and reaching a point 72° 48' 
north, but were unable to make a landing so turned south to Craig 
harbour and then to Beechey island, the headquarters of Sir John Frank- 
lin in 1846. From Beechey island the expedition passed through Lan- 
caster sound to Button point, where witnesses for the trial of the 
Eskimo, Nukoodlah, were picked up and taken to Pond's inlet, where 
the trial was held and which was the last post visited before the home- 
ward journey commenced. 

The films depicted all the events of the journey and were made still 
more realistic and interesting by the very able description given by 
Mr. Craig during their showing. 

The speaker gave short, but comprehensive accounts of the various 
places visited, the character and habits of the natives and of the work 
being carried on, by the Canadian government in Baffin Land and 
Labrador, and by the Danish government in Greenland. 

At Godhavn, the expedition met the Danish explorer Rasmussen 
and at Etah the American explorer MacMillan. 

A portion of the pictures show the ruins of Franklins' huts at 
Beechey island, the ruins of the boat left there for his use by search 
parties, and the Franklin cenotaph. Another film includes scenes at 
the trial of the Eskimo, Nukoodlah, on a charge of murder, before 
L. A. Rivet, K.C., of Montreal; also the construction of a police post at 
Pond's inlet. 

At the close of the evening E. R. Shirley, m.e.i.c, chairman of the 
branch conveyed the thanks of the members to Mr. Craig for his most 
interesting and enjoyable discourse and for the opportunity afforded the 
branch of seeing and hearing about the activities of the far north. 

Radio for Emergency Communicatian 

On January 8th, another regular meeting of the branch was held 
in the Chamber of Commerce, at which meeting F. Keith D'Alton, 
b.a.sc, gave a paper on "Radio for Emergency Communication". 

Mr. D'Alton who is a graduate of S.P.S. Toronto is not unknown 
in Peterboro as he took the Student Engineers Course at the Canadian 
General Electric Company's plant here after graduation, later joining 
the staff of the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, with 
whom he is now assistant laboratory engineer; and is in charge of the 
radio equipment used on the various sections of the H.E.P.C. systems. 
Mr. D'Alton's paper which was the same as that given before the 
London Branch on November 26th, and of which a resume was given 
in the Journal for January was illustrated throughout with lantern 
slides and diagrams and proved most interesting. 

After the paper the speaker answered a number of questions asked 
by the members, which indicated the general interest taken in the paper 
and the subject. 

The meeting was under the chairmanship of A. B. Gates, a.m.e.i.c, 
and at the close E. R. Shirley, m.e.i.c, chairman of the branch moved 
a hearty vote of thanks to Mr. D'Alton. 

Vancouver Branch 

P. H. Buchan, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
E. I. C. Student's Prize Essay Competition 

During the discussion of E. F. Carter's paper on "Grain Elevators 
and Grain Elevator Construction" at our general meeting of November 
13th last, very great surprise and pleasure was aroused by two offers 
of cash prizes for students' essays on "Cargo Handling" from visitors at 
the meeting. 

H. H. Broughton, M.lnst.M.E., consulting engineer, Vickers Limited, 
after having held the attention of the audience with some very interest- 
ing and amusing comments on the paper, digressed upon the subject of 
students' prizes and their value in encouraging the study of the practical 
problems of our national development by student engineers. As an 
expression of his personal approval of the work the executive of the 
Vancouver Branch had been doing during the past year in respect of the 
"Walter Moberly Memorial Prize" and the "A. D. Swan Special Book 
Prize", he stated that it gave him very great pleasure to donate fifty 
dollars to the Branch, to be awarded as a cash prize to the Student 
member of the branch who could write the best essay on "Handling of 
Bulk Cargo". 

Before the hearty applause which greeted Mr. Broughton's generous 
offer had subsided, the meeting received a second surprise from another 
visitor, Mark R. Colby, president of the Colby Steel and Engineering 
Company, Seattle, Wash., who stated in very frank terms his apprecia- 
tion of Mr. Broughton's attitude in this matter, and offered to supple- 
ment Mr. Broughton's donation with twenty-five dollars cash for the 
same worthy object. 

James Muirhead, m.e.i.c, chairman, expressed the hearty appre- 
ciation of the branch for the generous support given by Mr. Broughton 
and Mr. Colby to our efforts in respect of Students' prizes; and in 
accepting their donations, he promised that the matter would receive 
the careful consideration of the executive at an early date. 

The branch executive discussed this question at a meeting on 
December 10th, last, and came to the decision that a first and second 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



99 



prize would offer the greatest inducements to our Students to enter the 
proposed competition. Accordingly, the following circular was mailed to 
the Students of the Vancouver Branch on December 31st. 
E.I.C. Students' Prize Essay Competition 
First Prize — $50.00 - - Second Prize — $25.00 
Competition closes March 31st, 1925. 
"The above prizes have been donated by Mr. H. H. Broughton of 
Vancouver, consulting engineer, Vickers Limited, and Mr. M. R. Colby, 
of Seattle, president of the Colby Steel and Engineering Company, for 
the purpose of stimulating interest, particularly among student engineers 
in the problems involved in the economical handling of bulk materials 
such as grain, timber, ore, coal, oil, rock, gravel, etc., through the port 
of Vancouver. 

"The conditions of the competition are as follows: 

"1. The competition is open to Students of The Engineering 
Institute of Canada, who are either resident or district members of 
the Vancouver Branch. 

"2. Competitors will be required to write an essay of approx- 
imately 5,000 words on "Handling of Bulk Cargo," well illustrated 
with sketches, drawings and photographs. Good magazine cuts, 
if neatly trimmed and mounted, will be accepted in lieu of actual 
photographic prints. Essays should be typed on white foolscap, 
double spaced, with l}4 inch left hand margin. 

"3. In the marking of essays, other things being equal, due 
consideration will be given to correctness of spelling and composi- 
tion, choice of English, general arrangement of matter and neatness. 
"4. The competition will close on March 31st, 1925. Essays 
must be in the hands of the secretary-treasurer, Vancouver Branch, 
The Engineering Institute of Canada, 930 Birks Building, Vancouver, 
B.C., on or before the above date. 

"5. The first prize will be fifty dollars ($50.00), cash, and the 
second prize, twenty-five dollars ($25.00). 

"Issued by authority of the Executive Committee, Vancouver 
Branch, The Engineering Institute of Canada. 

P. H. BUCHAN, A.M.E.I.C, 

Secretary-Treasurer. 
930 Birks Building, Vancouver, B.C., January 1st, 1925." 

As about fifty copies of the above circular were mailed, the Exe- 
cutive has hopes of a considerable number of entries for this most 
attractive competition. 

Annual General Meeting 

The annual general meeting of the Vancouver Branch was held 
in the auditorium of the Vancouver Board of Trade on December 18th, 
1924, at 8.15 p. m. Thirty-eight members were present, which was a 
marked improvement on the attendance of the past two years at annual 
meetings. Jas. Muirhead, m.e.i.c, branch chairman, presided over the 
meeting. 

The business part of the meeting was largely devoted to the hearing 
of reports and the election of officers. The chair appointed Chas. 
Brakenridge, m.e.i.c, and E. C. W. Lamarque, as scrutineers, who 
duly reported the result of the letter ballot as soon as the count was 
completed. At the close of the meeting, the secretary-treasurer wired 
the results to headquarters, for insertion in the January number of the 
Journal, which was on the eve of going to press. 

Members of the branch are urged to read the Branch report for 
the year 1924, published on page 72 of this issue, because in it they 
will find an epitomized account of our transactions during the past year, 
including the question of branch quarters, library, and the disposal of 
the Moberly Fund. The treasurer's statement indicates an improved 
condition in our finances, which should afford our members same 
satisfaction and encouragement. 

The latter part of the meeting was devoted to an illustrated lantern 
lecture by Herbert Vickers, m.e., m.Sc, Ph.D., head of the Department of 
Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, University of British Columbia, 
entitled "A Short Talk on Radio Communication". Long before the 
speaker had concluded his address, the audience became thoroughly 
convinced that Dr. Vickers' possesses a knowledge of the intricacies of 
"radio" which cannot do otherwise than prove his value as an addition 
to the scientific brains of our province. His remarks clearly demon- 
strated to the uninitiated, what a vast realm of new ideas and discoveries 
lies before those who are equipped with the knowledge necessary to 
undertake the investigations that will eventually lead to the perfection 
of this wonderful science; and as the speaker described the different 
kinds of apparatus and their functions in the transmitting and receiving 
of "radio" energy, it became easy to imagine the fascination which 
grips the experimenter in the unexplored regions of our scientific world 

Town Planning Institute of Canada, 
Vancouver Branch 

The annual meeting of the Vancouver Branch, "Town Planning 
Institute of Canada" was held at the University Club, on Thursday, 
December 11th, 1924. 



The meeting was preceded by an informal dinner, those present 
being Dr. L. S. Klinck, president of the University of British Columbia, 
E. G. Baynes, W. Elgie Bland, Chas. Brakenridge, M.E.I.C, city engineer 
of Vancouver, F. E. Buck, Horace McFraser, W. B. Greig, A.M.E.I.C, 
municipal engineer of Point Grey, H. S. Griffith, E. B. Hermon, Thos. 
Killin, E. C. W. Lamarque, T. D. M. Latta, H. L. McPherson, resident 
engineer, Provincial Government Subdivision, West Point Grey, W. H. 
Powell, m.e.i.c, Arthur G. Smith, W. G. Swan, m.e.i.c, F. C. Under- 
bill, J. T. Underhill, J. Alexander Walker, A.M.E.I.C, J. B. Winter, 
A. S. Wootton, m.e.i.c, engineer, Parks Board, Vancouver and W. 
Brand Young, A.M.E.I.C 

Ernest A. Cleveland, m.e.i.c, supervising engineer of the new 
Government Subdivision at West Point Grey and Councillor J. A. Paton 
of the municipality of Point Grey were guests of the branch. W. H. 
Powell, m.e.i.c, acted as chairman. 

The result of the ballot for the election of officers during the year 
1925 was as follows: 

Chairman: G. L. Thornton Sharp. 

Vice-Chairman: Arthur G. Smith. 

Secretary-Treasurer: J. Alexander Walker, A.M.E.I.C 

Directors: John Elliott, W. B. Greig, A.M.E.I.C 

Ex-Officio Member of Council: Prof. Frank E. Buck. 

During the past year the branch was represented on the joint 
Committee of cities and municipalities which had the task of framing 
the proposed Town-Planning Act. At the request of the committee, 
the bill was sponsored by the branch at the recent session of the provin- 
cial legislature at Victoria, but owing to the lack of support of the 
various civic bodies concerned, legislation did not follow, and the 
measure was laid over for one year. 

Ottawa Branch 

F. C. C. Lynch, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
Concrete Work 

The Ottawa Branch of The Engineering Institute of Canada held 
a meeting in the University Club on the evening of December 18th 
when three short addresses were delivered on the subject of concrete. 
The meeting took the form of a general stock taking of the subject and, 
some discussions interesting to the engineers engaged in concrete work 
were listened to. 

E. Viens, a.m.e.i.c, of the Public Works Department, Ottawa, 
spoke on the manufacture of concrete and pointed out the defects 
sometimes experienced in concrete work, because of inexperienced and 
unskilled workmen having done it. He said that Canada was well 
supplied with the raw material for making Portland cement. In Nova 
Scotia, and all the provinces there was more or less a scattered supply 
of the materials needed. 

Alan K. Hay, a.m.e.i.c, of the Ottawa Suburban Roads Commis- 
sion, spoke of the uses of concrete in road constructions and pavements, 
as well as its improved uses in the building of culverts and bridges to- 
day. 

Howells Frechette, m.Sc, of the Mines Branch, Department of 
Mines, spoke on the requirements for making cement, stressing the 
importance of the local market for the product and the advantage of 
good transportation facilities to the establishment of the business. The 
gathering was presided over by K. M. Cameron, m.e.i.c At the con- 
clusion of the meeting light refreshments were served. 

Wembley Exhibition 

Vivid glimpses of the great British Empire Exhibition at Wembley 
were afforded the members of the Ottawa branch of The Engineering 
Institute of Canada at the luncheon January 8th in the Chateau Laurier. 
Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, of Montreal, secretary of The Institute, 
was the guest of honour and the chief speaker, and his address was an 
interesting word picture of some of the main features of the Wembley 
Exhibition illustrated with excellent colored lantern slides which 
portrayed the outstanding features with singular effect. The speaker 
also interspersed his address with a number of humorous allusions which 
greatly pleased his hearers. 

Mr. Keith was a member of the Canadian delegation to the World 
Power Conference last summer at Wembley, and he paid high tribute 
to the contributions made to the work of that conference by some 
Ottawa members, including J. B. Challies, m.e.i.c, John Murphy, 
M.e.i.c, G. Gordon Gale, m.e.i.c, and B. F. Haanel, m.e.i.c, Mr. Keith 
said that no other branch of The Institute did more at the power con- 
ference than did the Ottawa Branch. 

A particularly interesting feature of Mr. Keith's address was 
the number of excellent pictures giving glimpses of the famous doll's 
house of Queen Mary, which revealed some very striking details of this 
ingenious conception. 

J. L. Rannie, m.e.i.c, chairman of the Ottawa Branch of 
The Engineering Institute of Canada, presided at the luncheon, and, 
introducing the speaker, he paid high tribute to his work for that 
Institute. 



100 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



Notes from the Branch Annual Meeting 

A. F. Macallum, m.e.i.c, city commissioner of Works, was 
elected chairman of the Ottawa Branch, Engineering Institute of Canada, 
at the annual meeting in the Daffodil Tea Rooms, January 8th. 
Mr. Macallum succeeds J. L. Rannie, m.e.i.c, of the Geodetic Survey, 
the popular 1924 chairman who handed over the reins of office last night. 
The annual meeting of the society was a most enthusiastic one with 
about 100 members present to enjoy the fine programme and hear 
reports of a year of progress and good work. 

F. C. C. Lynch, a.m.e.i.c, was re-elected secretary. New members 
elected to the management committee were Messrs. J. D. Craig, M.E.I.C, 
J. Albert Ewart, a.m.e.i.c, and S. J. Fisher, m.e.i.c Members of the 
1924 committee who continue in office for another year are R. J. Durley, 
M.e.i.c, and General A. G. L. McNaughton, a.m.e.i.c 

Despite several deaths within the society's membership and many 
removals the secretary was able to report a net gain of 44 in the member- 
ship. The Ottawa Branch is one of the most flourishing branches of 
the society in Canada having a total membership of 452. 

An attempt is to be made to secure permanent club quarters for 
the society during this year. Messrs. G. Gordon Gale, m.e.i.c, L. H. 
Cole, m.e.i.c, and C. R. Coutlee, m.e.i.c, were named a committee to 
endeavour to co-operate with other scientific societies in the city with 
a view to obtaining quarters for a library and club. It was also decided 
to have lectures of a semi-scientific nature at the regular luncheons. 

Fraser S. Keith, m.e.i.c, secretary of The Institute, presented the 
Ottawa Branch with its charter which it had not previously received 
although it has been an active society since 1909. Air. Rannie accepted 
the framed scroll in the name of the branch. 

In the chairman's annual address a year of unusual progress was 
gone over in retrospect. One of the unusual departures was the admit- 
tance to membership of many of the senior officers of the Royal Canadian 
Air Force. There was ample reason to believe that the prestige and 
consequent influence of the profession is being heightened as a result of 
the activities of The Institute, stated the chairman. He expressed the 
deepest regret felt by all members over the deaths of the following 
members during the year, Messrs. W. C. Way, W. A. Bowden, J. St. V. 
Caddy, Dr. E. G. Deville, J. H. Rheaume, L. J. R. Steckel, Lieut.-Col. 
F. O. Hodgins and R. F. H. Bruce. 

On behalf of the members, O. S. Finnie, m.e.i.c, made a suitable 
presentation to the retiring chairman, J. L. Rannie, m.e.i.c The press 
was warmly thanked for the reports of the various activities of the 
branch. 

The entertainment during the evening was of high order. Several 
songs by N. T. Allen were loudly applauded. He was accompanied 
at the piano by R. L. Condy. Mr. Dick Finnie gave a fine exhibition 
of sleight-of-hand work. 

Cape Breton Branch 

D. W. J. Brown, Jr.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
The regular monthly meeting of the Cape Breton Branch was held 
in the rooms on Tuesday, January 13th, at which an illustrated talk 
was given on the "Uses of Electricity in Coal Mining" by C. H. Wright, 
M.E.I.C, past-chairman of the Halifax Branch, and district manager at 
Halifax for the Canadian General Electric Company. 

Uses of Electricity in Coal Mining 

The lecture covered very fully the types of motors used particularly 
in the coal mining industry for general purposes, ventilating fans, 
hoisting, cutting and locomotive underground haulage special interest 
being aroused in the new super-synchronous motor lately developed, 
whereby the stator can revolve during the starting period, allows rotor 
to start with full load coupled up and with 100% pull-in torque. When 
the stator is revolving at synchronous speed a brake is gradually applied 
and as it Cthe stator) slows down, the rotor, keeping in step, picks up 
speed until eventually when the former is fully braked to rest, the 
rotor is up to synchronous speed. In the discussion which followed, it 
developed that the only apparent advantage of this new type over the 
ordinary synchronous motor was a question of compatibility — the 
cost still remaining in favor of the standard type. The cycles of 
operation of the two types were practically the same (a) applying cur- 
rent to bring up to synchronous speed the stator in the one case and the 
rotor in the other, each having no load other than its inertia and (b) 
braking the stator in the former as against throwing in a clutch in the 
latter case. The question of variable speed also occasioned considerable 
discussion, as well as that of the so-called "Explosion Proof" motors. 

The slides used had been specially brought up to date by the 
C. G. E., for this lecture, to whom the thanks of the Branch are due. A 
unanimous vote of thanks to Mr. Wright brought the evening to a close. 

The weather man was most unkind to us on the night of meeting; 
a very stormy and disagreeable night indeed; and for this reason the 



attendance was small. In fact no members from the neighbouring min- 
ingtowns could be present. It was decided, therefore, that a meeting be 
held at Glace Bay on the following evening in order to give every 
member an opportunity to hear the lecture. The Dominion Coal 
Company kindly gave the use of their Official Club for this purpose. A 
general invitation was extended to all the officials of the local Coal 
Mining Companies, which resulted in an attendance of upwards of one 
hundred, making the meeting a most successful one. Unfortunately 
Mr. Wright could not remain over for this second meeting, but the 
lecture was read by E. L. Ganter, a.m.e.i.c, local representative of the 
C. G. E. 

The next meeting of this branch will take place on Tuesday, 
February 10th, at which D. W. McDonald, superintendent, Sydney & 
Louisburg Railway, will read a paper in connection with railroad 
operation. At the March meeting (the 10th) E. L. Martheleur, m.e.i.c, 
chief electrical engineer, British Empire Steel Corporation, will read 
a paper on the selection and fitness of correct type of motors for various 
definite duties. 

Moncton Branch 

M. J. Murphy, A.M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 

The Moncton Branch was addressed on the evening of January 14th, 
in the City Hall, Moncton, by Professor Roy Fraser of Mount Allison 
University, Sackville, N.B. The subject of his address being "Biology 
and Public Water Supply". 

Biology and Public Water Supply 

In opening his subject the speaker sought to dispel the common 
belief that bacteria are the deadly enemy of mankind. On the con- 
trary if bacteria failed in their work not only would growth and life 
cease, but even if it could proceed for a brief period the supply of raw 
material would soon be used up. It is only through decay that dead 
matter is made fit to support new growth and the processes of decay are 
brought about entirely by bacteria. So then if we had not the count- 
less myriads of bacteria to work for us the world would shortly be a 
mass of dead and inert material. While we have, then, bacteria of a 
deadly nature, in the main they are our friends as they are the prime 
agents in the processes of life and growth. 

Bacteriology and biology as sciences really began when the Hol- 
lander, Leeuwenhoek, (born 1632 died 1723) with a crude microscope 
looked through the previously unopened door of the world of bacteria. 
His researches were submitted to the Royal Society of Arts where his 
discoveries lay dormant for a long time but eventually came to light. 

Important however as was Leeuwenhoek 's work, it is to Pasteur 
that the world owes its deepest debt of gratitude. The speaker classed 
him as mankind's greatest benefactor in that his discoveries led to the 
control of diseases and epidemics. A monument to Pasteur's memory 
should be erected by all communities where men gather together to live, 
as he is their great protector. 

A brief description of the disease content of water followed and the 
methods of analysis were outlined with emphasis laid upon the precau- 
tions that should be taken in collecting samples for analysis. The 
guarding of the water supply the speaker felt was a fundamental duty 
on the part of all municipalities not only from the humane but also 
from the economic standpoint as contamination of water supply can be 
as deadly or as wasteful as war itself. 

An interesting feature of Professor Fraser's address was the pro- 
jection upon the screen of pictures of living bacteria. This was done 
by a combined use of microscope and lantern with adaptations of his 
own invention. 

Samples of cultures of bacteria were passed among the audience 
who were also permitted to inspect living germs under the microscope. 

Victoria Branch 

E. P. Girdwood, M.E.I.C, Secretary-Treasurer. 
The Victoria Branch opened its winter programme on January 15th, 
with a meeting, at the Victoria College. It is the intention of the 
branch to have visits to the different municipal, and private plants in 
the district, of engineering interest, throughout the season, and have 
papers on technical engineering subjects, followed by general discussions 
which proved popular in the last season. 

Water Powers 

The provincial government of British Columbia has lately issued 
a book on Water Powers of British Columbia which reflects great credit 
on the Department of Lands, The Hon. T. D. Pattullo. Minister of 
Lands, Geo. R. Naden, Deputy Minister, E. A. Cleveland, m.e.i.c, 
Comptroller of Water Rights. The outstanding feature to an observer 
is the great amount of new data and increase in the number of water 
power sites available. 



February, 1925 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



101 



Preliminary Notice 

of Applications for Admission and for Transfer 



January 19th, 1925. 

The By-laws now provide that the Council of the Institute shall 
approve, classify and elect candidates to membership and transfer 
from one grade of membership to a higher. 

It is also provided that there shall be issued to all corporate members 
a list of the new applicants for admission and for transfer, containing 
a concise statement of the record of each applicant and the names 
of his references. 

In order that the Council may determine justly the eligibility of 
each candidate, every member is asked to read carefully the list 
submitted herewith and to report promptly to the Secretary any facts 
which may affect the classification and election of any of the candidates. 
In cases where the professional career of an applicant is known to any 
member, such member is specially invited to make a definite recom- 
mendation as to the proper classification of the candidate.* 

If to your knowledge facts exist which are derogatory to the personal 
reputation of any applicant, should be promptly communicated. 

Communications relating to applicants are considered by 
the Council as strictly confidential. 

The Council will consider the applications herein described in 

February 1925. 

Fraser S. Keith, Secretary. 

•The professional requirements are as follows: — 
A Member shall be at least thirty-five years of age, and shall have been engaged 
in some branch of engineering for at least twelve years, which period may include 
apprenticeship or pupilage in a qualified engineer's office, or a term of instruction in 
a school of engineering recognized by the council. The term of twelve years may, 
at the discretion of the council, be reduced to ten years in the case of a candidate for 
election who has graduated from a school of engineering recognized by the council. 
In every case the candidate shall have held a position in which he had responsible 
charge for at least five years as an engineer qualified to design, direct or report on 
engineering projects. The occupancy of a chair as a professor in a faculty of applied 
soience or engineering, after the candidate has attained the age of thirty years, shall 
be considered as responsible charge. 

An Associate Member shall be at least twenty-seven years of age, and shall 
have been engaged in some branch of engineering for at least six years, which period 
may include apprenticeship or pupilage in a qualified engineer's office or a term of 
instruction in a school of engineering recognized by the council. In every case a 
candidate for election shall have held a position of professional responsibility, in charge 
of work as principal or assistant, for at least two years. The occupancy of a chair 
as an assistant professor or associate professor in a faculty of applied science of engin- 
eering, after the candidate has attained the age of twenty-seven years, shall be con- 
sidered as professional responsibility. 

Every candidate who has not graduated from a school of engineering recognized 
by the council, shall be required to pass an examination before a board of examiners 
appointed by the council. The candidate shall be examined on the theory and practice 
of engineering with special reference to the branch of engineering in which he has been 
engaged. This examination may be waived at the discretion of the council if the 
candidate has held a position of professional responsibility for five or more years. 

A Junior shall be at least twenty-one years of age, and shall have been engaged 
in some branch of engineering for at least four years. This period may be reduced 
to one year, at the discretion of the council, if the candidate for election has graduated 
from a school of engineering recognized by the council. He shall not remain in the 
class of Junior after he has attained the age of thirty-three years. 

Every candidate who has not graduated from a school of engineering recognized 

h 11 k coune .'' 1 or nas no * passed the examinations of the first year in such a course, 

shall be required to pass an examination in the following subjects: geography, history, 

(that of Canada in particular), arithmetic, geometry, euclid (books I, IV and VI), 

trigonometry, algebra up to and including quadratic equations. 

A Student shall be at least seventeen years of age, and shall present a certificate 
of having passed successfully an examination equivalent to the final examination of a 
high school or the matriculation of an arts or science course. He shall either be 
pursuing a course of instruction in a school of engineering recognized by the council, 
in which case he shall not remain in the class of student for more than two years after 
£ r aduation; or he shall be receiving a practical training in the profession, in which 
case he shall pass an examination equal to that prescribed for admission to the grade 
of Junior in the foregoing section and he shall not remain in the class of Student after 
he has attained the age of twenty-seven years. 

. ™ n Affiliate shall be one who is not an engineer by profession but whose pursuits, 
scientific attainments or practical experience, qualify him to co-operate with engineers 
in the advancement of professional knowledge. 



The fact that candidates give the names of certain members as references does 
not necessarily mean that their applications are endorsed by such members. 



FOR ADMISSION 

ALLISON— LAURIE MacCALLUM, of 134 Henry Street, Halifax, N.S. Born 
at Halifax, N.S., May 16th, 1892; Educ, 1910-11, Dalhousie Univ. (Science); 1911-12, 
surveys, N.S. Road Commission; 1912-13, rodman and instr'man., and 1913-14, 
dftsman. on constrn., Dartmouth Deans Branch Line, Dept. Rlys. and Canals; 1914-18, 
overseas;1918-20, returned to position with Dept. Rlys. and Canals, acting as direct 
assistant to the engineer in charge VV. A. Hendry, a.m.e.i.c, 1920-21, field dftsman. 
and office asst. to Russell Yuill, ,v.m.e.i.c, St. Lawrence Improvement survey, Dept. 
Klys. and Canals; 1921-22, asst. engr., 1922-24, res. engr., N. S. Prov. Highways Board; 
Sept. 1924 to date, junior engr., Dept. Public Works, Halifax, N.S. 

^ References: R. W. McColough, J. L. Allan, L. H. Wheaton, G. C. Reid, R. Yuill, 
O. S. Cox . C. B. McDougald. W. P. Morrison. 



BRISTOL— WESLEY MALCOLM, of Halifax. N.S. Born at Madoc, Ont., 
Feb. 4th, 1880; Educ, Grad., S.P.S., Toronto, 1905; one year, 1904-05, ap'tice. Westing- 
house Elec. Mfg. Co., East Pittsburg, Pa.; Employed as sales engr. for Canadian 
Westinghouse Co. for about 15 years. Present position, district sales manager, for 
maritime provinces. 

References: C. A. Fowler, 0. S. Cox, W. F. McKnight, C. H. Wright, K. L. 
Dawson, A. P. Theuerkauf. 

BROWN— JAMES SUTHERLAND, Colonel CM. G., D.S.O., of Ottawa, Ont. 
Born at Simcoe, Ont., June 28th, 1881; Educ, Matric. Sitmcoe Grammar School, 1900. 
1901-03, read work prescribed by Univ. of Toronto, and student at law (article clerk) 
Various courses at Royal Schools of Instruction, including the long course at the R.M.C. 
in 1905. Commissioned to the Permanent Force from the N.P. Active Militia, June 
1906. Attended Staff College at Camberley, England, graduatingin 1914 as a "p.s.c"; 
Associated with various classes of engr. work as commissioned officer of the Permanent 
Force. Military Topographer. Staff work in connection with defence schemes, fort- 
resses, mobilization and concentration and war organization; the military survey of 
Canada; collection, collation and distribution of military intelligence, including topo- 
graphic and natural resources; At present, Director Military Operations and Intelligence, 
Dept. National Defence, Ottawa. 

References: A. G. L. McNaughton, J. D. Craig, H. F. H. Hertzberg, J. R. Akins, 
A. C. Caldwell. 

CRATCHLEY— REGINALD HENRY, of 626 Selkirk Street, Fort William, Ont. 
Born at Stroud, Gloucestershire, England. Nov. 1st, 1896; three years tech. training, 
Stroud Tech. Sch. 1917-18, R. A. F. School of Aeronautics for Officers, 1920-21, Univ. 
Corres. College, Cambridge, Eng. 1910-14, pupil in all depts., of workshops and 
drawing office, Messrs. G. Waller & Son, Stroud, Eng.; 1915-19, military service, 2nd 
Lieut. R.A.F.; 1919-21, designing jigs, tools and automobile details, Hampton Engrg. 
Co., Stroud; 1921-22, steam pump design and jigs, Whitehead Torpedo Works, Wey- 
mouth, Eng.; One year, corres. clerk, (temporary), with Ministry of Pensions and 
Labour, England; At present dftsman. on grain elevator work, C. D. Howe & Co., 
Port Arthur, Ont. 

References: G. H. Burbidge, R. B. Chandler, W. H. Souba, M. W. Jennings, G. 
Blanchard. 

DAVIS— GEORGE H., of 180 Halmer Road, Toronto, Ont. Born at Toronto, 
Ont., Feb. 28th, 1881; Educ, one term, S.P.S., Toronto; two terms, Toronto Tech. 
Sch., Private study; 1905 to 1918, with C.P.R. as follows: 1905-06, rodman, etc., prelim, 
and final location, Georgian Bay & Seaboard Rly.; 1906-07, rodman, leveller, dftsman., 
prelim, locatibn, Campbellville Lake Ontario & Western Rly.; 1907-09, dftsman., 
instr'man., etc, constrn., Georgian Bay & Seaboard Rly, including Port MeNicoll 
terminal, docks, and elevators; 1909 (Oct. -Dec), dftsman. for divn. engr. of constrn. 
Toronto; 1909-10, dftsman. for dist. engr., Ontario District; 1910-12, in charge constrn. 
double track work, Lambton to mileage 10 Gait subdivision, and constrn. of Mimico 
cut-off; 1912, asst. engr. of terminals, 1912-13, divn. engr., Toronto terminals, 1913-15, 
asst. dist. engr., Ontario district, 1915 (Feb.-May), divn. engr., Toronto terminals, 
1915-18,asst. dist. engr., Quebec district; At present, asst. dist. engr., Ontario district, 
C.P.R. , Toronto, Ont. 

References: B. Ripley, J. M. R. Fairbairn, J. W. Orrock, P. B. Motley, A. C. Mac- 
kenzie, J. E. Armstrong, J. E. Beatty. 

DICKENS— HARRY B., of 342-A Oakwood Avenue., Toronto, Ont. Born at 
Nottingham, England, May 17th, 1892; Educ, surveying and mapping, I.C.S.; 
1907-08, map dfting., Geo. Gibbons & Co., Leicester, England; 1913-15, surveyor and 
asst. mgr., Amiri Tin Mine, Nigeria, West Africa; 1915-19, active service in Cameroons 
and Nigeria; 1921, dftsman., Underwriters' Survey Bureau, Toronto; 1923, instr'man. 
in charge survey dfting., Frank Barber & Associates, Ltd., Toronto; 1924, instr'man.. 
East York Township; At present dftsman., York Township. 

References: F. Barber, F. B. Goedike, O. M. Falls, W. C. Lumbers, J. H. Curzon, 
J. McAdam, C. S. Whitney. 

DORAN— HENRY T., of 24 Springfield Avenue; Westmount, Que. Born at 
Stellarton, N. S., Feb. 9th, 1882; Educ, mech. course, I.C.S., elect'l. course, N.S. Tech. 
Coll., mining course, Dalhousie Evening School; ap'ticeship. in mach. shop of Acadia 
Coal Co. Ltd.; 5 years, machinist and mech. dftsman., and 13 years as chief dftsman., 
chief engr. and later as gen. mech'l. supt. of the New Glasgow plant, Nova Scotia Steel 
& Coal Co. Ltd.; 2 years, supt. of shell forging, Leaside Munitions Co. Ltd., Leaside, 
Ont.; 2 years, chief engr., Canadian Electric Steel Co. Ltd.; At present, sales engr. 
Dominion Flow Meter Co. Ltd., Montreal, Que. 

References: H. D. Chambers, J. S. Cameron, N. M. Campbell, D. H. McDougall, 
A. L. Morgan, R. E. Chambers. 

HODGSON— SYDNEY SCARTH, of Esquimalt, B.C. Born at London, Eng- 
land, Sept. 22nd, 1887; Educ, 1904-09, ap'ticeship to Vauxhall & West Hydraulic 
Engrg. Co. Ltd., London & Luton, marine and hydraulic engrs., and attending evening 
classes at Polytechnic; 1909-12, marine engr., Bushnall Steamship Lines Ltd.; 1912, 
obtained Board of Trade Marine Engr's. cert, and proceeded to South Africa. Em- 
ployed in various capacities in engrg. dept. of subsidiary companies of "Consolidated 
Goldfields of South Africa", including from 1913-17, erection and charge of heavy 
workshop machinery, and shop foreman; from 1917-20, in charge of power station 
containing Babcox & Wilcox water tube boilers and Parsons Turbo-Alternators, from 
1920-23, in charge of drawing office and all constrn. work consisting of extension to 
battery house and stamp batteries, Crowe-Merrill Vacuum de-aerating plant and new 
mechanical mine haulage plant, making own plans for all above work ; July 1923 to date, 
engaged on design and general layout of pumping plant, bldgs., etc, for New Esqui- 
malt Dry dock, B.C., local manager for Hodgson, King & Marble, Vancouver. 

References: J. P. Hodgson, W. O. Marble, J. P. Forde, E. E. Brvdone-Jack, G. B. 
Mitchell. 

JAMIESON— WILLIAM, of Powell River, B.C. Born at Liverpool, England, 
Feb. 17th, 1875; Educ, Engrg. diploma, Liverpool Univ., 1895. Articled pupil to 
city engr. of Liverpool, 1892-97. Assoc. Member Inst. C.E. 1901. Assoc. Member 
Inst. E.E. 1909; 1897-98, asst. engr., sewerage dept., Liverpool Corpn.; 1898-1901, 
asst. engr. to consltg. engr., sewerage and waterworks, Westminster, S. W.; 1900, with 
British troops in South Africa; 1901-04, res. engr. for the British Electric Traction 
Co. Ltd.; 1904-05, constrn. engr., Bruce Peebles & Co. Ltd., of London and Edinburgh; 
1905-10, supt. engr., and agent with full P. A. for concessionaire in China, Shanghai 
Tramways, foreign concession and for contractors French Concession Tramways; 
1910-23, in British Columbia as follows: engrg. staff, Kettle River Valley Rly; water- 



102 



THE ENGINEERING JOURNAL 



February, 1925 



works engr. and supt., district of North Vancouver; mill constrn., Vancouver Portland 
Cement Works, Tod Inlet; engrg. staff, Pacific Great Eastern Rly.; acting res. engr.. 
Link River Dam & Penstocks, Ocean Falls; locating engr., Houghton Constrn. Co.' 
logging rly.. North Bentick Arm; supt., Mandey Rowland & Co., pipe line and intake 
for water supply, Port Mellon; res. engr., The Taylor Engrg. Co., Dolly Varden Rly., 
Alice Arm; surveys and prelim, works for proposed rolling mill at Dulwanit and con- 
crete road constrn., Charleston, VVash., U.S.A.; At present engineering staff, Powell 
River Pulp & Paper Co., and in charge of inspection work on extension of Powell River 
Dam. 

References: J. S. Connell, A. K. Robertson, F. P. Wilson, A. McCulloch, J. Mc- 
Hugh, J. T. Farmer. 

JOHNSTONE— RALPH GEORGE, of Halifax, N.S. Born at Halifax, Dec. 
3rd, 1900; Educ, B.Sc. (E.E.), N.S. Tech. Coll., 1924; road constrn., Prov. Highways 
Board, Nova Scotia; At present, elect'l. dept., Newfoundland Power & Paper Co., 
Cornerbrook, Nfld., in charge of elect'l equipment for new plant now under constrn. 

References: W. F. McKnight, F. R. Faulkner, D. W. Munn, W. G. Hardy, C. 
Bang. 

LOCKE— THOMAS JOHNSON, of 109 Oxford Street, Halifax, N.S. Born at 
Lockeport. N.S., Sept. 8th, 1872; Educ, B.A. Acadia Univ., 1891; 1891-94, with Dr. 
Martin Murphy, m.e.i.c, in office of prov. engr., at Halifax; 1894-98, res. and divn'l. 
engr. Coastal Rly. at Yarmouth, N.S., etc.; 1898 to date, with Dept. Public Works, 
Canada, as res. engr., Halifax, later dist. engr., Halifax & Shelburne, and from Oct. 
1923 to date, dist. engr. for Nova Scotia, at Halifax. 

References: C. E. W. Dodwell, W. P. Morrison, F. R. Faulkner, F. W. W. Doane, 
C. H. Wright. 

McLELLAN— HAROLD ELMER, of Montreal, Que. Born at Souris, P.E.I., 
June 24th, 1893; Educ, B.Sc. McGill Univ. 1919; Summers 1915-17, (16 mos. in all), 
rodman, car ferry terminals, Port Borden, P.E.I., Dept. of Rlys. and Canals; 1918 
(May-Sept.), inspr. on reinforced concrete constrn., laying out and supervising work 
and preparing estimates; 1920-23, inspr. and transitman under harbour engr.. Can. 
National Rlys. at Port Borden, P.E.I, and Cape Tormentine, N.B.; Dec. 1923 to date, 
engr. in charge of laboratory conducted by the Committee on the Combustibility of 
Roofing Materials, Dominion Fire Prevention Assn., Montreal, Que. 

References: H. M. MacKav, R. DeL. French, F. B. Fripp, C. S. G. Rogers, A. 
Scott. 

SCOTT— JAMES STANLEY, of 92 Drivewav, Ottawa, Ont. Born at Quebec, 
Que., Feb. 18th, 1889; Educ, Private tuition. R. A. F. Staff College, Andover, England. 
Course, R. M. C. Kingston; asst. engr. with Laurentide Power Plant; March 1916, 
granted commission, Royal Flying Corps, August 1916, Captain, June 1917, Major, 
Sept. 1918, Lieut.-Col.; Nov. 1919, appointed supt., Certificates Branch and Controller 
Civil Aviation, Air Board; August 1921, appointed Wing Commander, C.A.F.; August 
1922, in command, Camp Borden; 1922 (Oct.-Dec), Kingston; 1923-24, staff college, 
England; May 1924, acting director, R.C.A.F., Ottawa. 

References: G. Roy, D. R. Cameron, A. C. Caldwell, E. W. Stedman, A. G. L. 
McNaughton, E. Forde. 



FOR TRANSFER FROM CLASS OF ASSOCIATE MEMBER TO MEMBER 

CAMERON— DONALD ROY, of Ottawa, Ont. Born at London, Ontario, Jan. 
14th, 1888; Educ, B.A. McGill Univ. 1909. B.Sc.F. Univ. of Toronto, 1914; 1911, in 
charge forest surveys and explorations, Lesser Slave Lake country; 1912-22, district 
forest inspector, in charge of administration and protection in rly. belt of B.C. 1920 
inaugurated use of aircraft in forestry work in B.C.; Nov. 1922 transferred to head 
office of Dominion Forest Service, Dept. of the Interior. At present alternating with 
Mr. E. H. Finlayson as acting director. 

References: C. Camsell, F. H. Peters, J. L. Rannie, B. F. Haanel, J. McLeish. 

FOR TRANSFER FROM STUDENT TO HIGHER GRADE 

CULPEPER— BERNARD ARMEL, of Port Arthur, Ont. Born at Barbados, 
B. W.I., Jan. 4th, 1896; Educ, B.Sc. (E.E.), McGill Univ. 1923. British Assn. Medal; 
1914-17, asst. and partner with J. G. Wilson, land survey