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4a, shoe lane, LONDON, E.C. 






Part I. (Trans., pp. 1-128, PROC.,i-xvi) was published 30th March, 1896. 
„ II. ( ,, 129-252, ,, xvii-xxviii) „ 1st June, ,, 

„ III. ( „ 253-450, „ xxix-xxxvi) „ 30th Sept., „ 
„ IV. ( „ 451-594, „ xxxvii-lvi) „ 18th Dec, „ 

„ V. ( „ Ivii-lxi) „ 30th Jan., 1897. 

( V ) 


Founded, 1833. 
Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1885. 

OFFICERS and COUNCIL for the Session 1896-97. 

Professor RAPHAEL MELDOLA, F.R.S., F.C.S. 


Dr. DAVID SHARP, M.A., M.B., F.R.S. 



The Rev. Canon FOWLER, M.A., F.L.S. 





The Rev. Canon FOWLER, M.A., F.L.S. 







Dr. DAVID SHARP, M.A., M.B , F.R.S. 

ROLAND TRIMEN, F.R.S., F.L.S., etc. 

The Lord WALSINGHAM, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S. 


Resident Librarian. 
W. R. HALL. 

( vi ) 






The Transactions can now be obtained by Fellows 
at the following reduced prices :— 


FirstSeries, 4 volumes (1834— 18491 Price £4 13 £3 10 

Second Series, 5 volumes (1850— ISGl) 8 5 15 

Third Series, 5 volumes (1862— 1869) 11 4 10 

'i he Transactions for the year 186S 1 0"\ 

„ 1869 .1 2 

„ „ 1870 18 0V 250 

1871 15 

1872 1 2 Oj 

1873 1 16 0^ 

„ „ 1874 1 12 

„ „ 1875 1 2 y 3 

1876 1 12 

1877 1 4 oj 

„ „ 1878 10 15 

„ „ 1879 12 16 6 

„ ,, 1880 19 14 3 

„ 1881 1 16 17 

„ 1882 1 10 12 6 

„ 1883 17 10 3 

„ „ 1884 18 110 

„ „ 1885 16 19 6 

„ „ 1886 16 19 6 

„ „ 18S7 14 6 19 

„ „ 1888 1 15 16 3 

„ „ 1889 1 16 6 17 6 

„ „ 1890 1 19 1 10 

„ „ 1891 1 16 17 

„ 1892 19 119 

181(3 15 6 19 3 

1894 1 10 6 1 2 11 

1895 17 6 10 7 

1896 10 1 2 11 

Any single volume from 1862 to 1877 half-price to Fellows. 

Jfirst Series, vol. v., is out of print. First Series, vols. i. — iv., and 
Second Series, vol. iv., cannot be sold separately. 

The other volumes may be obtained separately, also the following : — 

Viiscoe's ' Longicornia Malay ana' £2 12 £1 19 

Baly's ' Phytophaga Malay ana, Pt. I., Aposta- 

sicera' 16 12 

Saunders' ' British Heterogyna and Fossorial 

Hymenoptera' 4 6 3 4 

Saunders' ' Synopsis of British Hymenoptera,' 

Parti 6 4 6 

Newport's * Athalia centifolioe ' (Prize Essay) 10 10 

The Journal of Proceedings is bound up with the Transactions. 

Fellows who have paid their Subscription for the current year, are 
entitled to receive the Transactions for the year without further payment 

and they will be forwarded free, by post, to any addrosa. ' 

( vii ) 



Kxplanation of the Plates viii 

Krrata ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... viii 

Fiist of Fellow.s ix 

Additious to the Library ... ... ... ... ... xxiii 

M E ]\r O I R S. 

I. On tbe Heteromcrous Coleoptera of St. Vincent, Grenada, and 

the Grenadines. By George Charles Champion, F.Z.S. 1 

IF. New and little-kuown Palajarctic Per^itZci;. By Kenneth John 

Morton, F.B.S 55 

III. On the Relation of Mimetic Patterns to the Orisrina.l Form. By 
Dr. Feedcriok A. Dixey, M.A., M.D. , Fellow of Wadham 
College, Oxford ... ... ... ... ... C5 

IV. The Rhijncliophnrous Coleoptera of Japan. Part IV. 
rhynchidn' and Sitonideg, and a jreuus of doubtful po.'^itioii 
from the Kurile Islands. By Dr. David Shaki', M. A . , M. E. , 
F.R.S.,etc 81 

V. Notes on Flower-Hauntinor Diptrra. By GEOR<iE Francis 
Scott-Elliot, M.A., B.Sc, F.L S.,ctc., communicated by 
Herbert Uoss, F.L.S., Secretary, Eutom. Society 117 

VI. Notes on Pupa3 — Orneodes, Epermcnia, Chrysiocoris, and 
Pteroplioru.s. By Dr. Thomas Algeknon Chai'Man, M.D., 
F.E.S 129 

VII. Descriptions of New Genera and Species oi Coleoptera ivom. 
South Africa, chiefly from Zambezia. By Louis Perixcue y, 
F.E.S. ... ". 149 

VTII. Descriptions of ^ew Scolytuht: from the Indo-Malayan and 
Austro-ilalayan Regions. By Walter F. H. Blandfoiid, 
M.A., F.Z.S 191 

iX. Notes on Di^scriUna loni/igetosa,, Westvv. By E. Ekxest 

Green, F.E.S. ... ' 22'J 

X. On the Courtship of certain European Acridvidie. By Pro- 
fessor Edward B. PouLTON,M.A., F.ll.S., F.L.S., etc. ... 233 

XI. On the Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). By Professor 
Samuel VVilliston (Dolichopodidte, and Phoridie by Pro- 
fessor J. M. Aldrich), communicated by Dr. David Sharp, 
M.A. , F.R. S., on behalf of the Committee for Investigating 
the Floi-a and Fauna of the West Indies 253 

( viii ) 


XII. Supplementary Note to my previous Papers on the Heferomeroua 
Coleoptera of Australia aud Tasmania. By Georgk 
Charles Champion, r.Z.S -^^t 

XIII. On tlie classification of three subfamilies of Moths of Ihe 

family Pyralidie : the Epipaschiiine, EndntrichinH', and 
Pyralime. By Sir George Frakcis HaiMPsox, Bart., 
B.A., F.E.S l''l 

XIV. Notes on Seasonal Dimorphism in South Africnn Bhopalorera . 

By Guy A. K. Marshall, F.E.S 5.")l 

XV. On the Phylogeny and Evolution of the Lopidopiera from a 
pupal and oval standpoint. By Dr. Thomas Algernon 
CuAPMiN, M.D.. F.E.S -"'''r 

XVI. Termites in captivity in Eno^land. By George D. H.WILAND, 

M.A., and Dr. b.wiD Shaup, M.A., F.K.S., etc r)S;i 

Proceedings for 181)f> ... ... ... ... .•• ••• ••• •••' — l''' 

President's Address Ixii 

Index xcvi 


Plate I. See pages 1 — 54 

,, II. ,, 55—63 

„ III.,IV.,&V. ,, 65-71) 
„ VI. & VII. ,, 129—147 

Plates VIII., IX., 
Xi'll., & XI V. See pages 25-3-4 16 



Page 456, and throughout Sir George Hampson's jKijicr, lor Hulst., road 

Pages 456, 457, 458, and 481, for Iris read Isis. 

Page 468, and throughout the paper, for Berg. , read Berg. 

Page 485, for Avri read Aru. 

Page 506, line 2 from bottom of page, dele Z. 

Page 507, line 6 from bottom, for Zeit. read Treit. In same Hue, f(n- vii. 
read vi. 

Page 560, for ociaira read octavia, and throughout tlie paper. 

Page 563, for " Kuysua" read " Knysna." 

Page 564, for Crose-Smith read Grose-Smith. 

Page xxvi., line 25. for " oosta," read "inner edge." 

( ix ) 

list of JFdlolus 

OF THi: 




1894 FoREL, Professor Auguste, M.D., The Unlversitij, Zurich. 
1884 MiJLLER, Dr. Fritz, Blamenau, Santa Catar/m, Brazil. 
1884 OSTEN Sackex, Baron C. R., Wredrplat-, Heidelberg. 

1884 Packard, Dr. Alphfeus S., Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.A. 
1872 Saussure, Henri F. de, Tertasse, 2, Geneva. 

1895 ScuDDER, Samuel Hubbard, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. 
1871 Selys-Longchamps, Baron M. E. de, Liege. 

1885 Snellen, Pieter Carl T., Rotterdam. 

1895 Thomson, Dr. C. G., The University, Lund, Siceden. 
1893 Wattenwvl, Hofrath Dr. Carl Brunner Von, Traidsohngasse, 6, 


Marked * is an Original Member. 

Marked f have compounded for their Annual Subscriptions. 

Date of 

1877 Adams, Frederick Charlstrom, 68, St. Ermliis Mansions, Caxion- 

street, Westminster, S.W. 
1877 Adams, Herbert J., Roseneath, London-road, Enfield, N. 

1885 Adkin, Robert, Wellfield, Lingards-road, Leivisham, S.E. 

1886 Atmore, E. a., 48, High-street, King's Lynn, Norfolk. 

1892 Baily, William Edward, Lynwood House, Paul Churchtoivn, near 

Penzance, Cornwall. 
1894 Baker, Walter F., Trent House, Gainsborough. 
1886 Bankes, Eustace R., M.A., The Rectory, Corfe Castle, Wareham, 

1890 Barclay, Francis H., F.G.S., Knott's Green, Ley ton, Essex. 


1886 Bargagli, Nobile Cavaliere Piero, Pia-jza S. Maria, Palazzo 

Tempi No. 1, Florence, Italy. 

1895 Barker, Cecil W. Rownham, Malvern, Natal, South Africa. 

1887 Barker, H. W., 147, Gordon-road, Feclcham, S.E. 

1884 Barrett, Charles Goldiug, Inland Revenue Office, Newing Ion Buttx, 

S.E., and 39, Linden-grove, Nttnhead, S.E. 
18G5 Barton, Stephen. 114, St. .Michael's Hill, Bristol. 

1894 fBATESON, William, M.A., F.R.S., Fellow of St. John's College, 

St. John's College, Cambridge. 

1896 Beare, Prof. T. Hudson, B.Sc, F.R.S.E., Parle House, Kings-road, 

Richmond, Surrey. 
1851 t Beaumont, Alfred, The Red Cottage, Pond-road, Blackheath, 

1893 Beddakd. Frank E., M.A., F.R.S., Zoological Gardens, Regent'^ 

Par},; N.W. 
1882 Berg, Prof. Dr. Cailos, Director del Museo Xacional, Buenos 

Aires (^Rej). Argent.), South America. 

1885 Bethune-Baker, George T., F.L.S., 19, Clarendon-road, Edghaston, 


1895 Bevan, Lieutenant H. G. R., R.N., 2, Lansdown-place, Chclteiiham. 
1892 Biddell, Walter Cuthbert, 32, The Grove, Bolton Gardens, S.W. 
188G BiDDLE, F. W., M.A., Laidarne, Albemurlc-road, Beckenharu, 

1880 BiGNELL, George Carter, GO, Union-strcrt, Stonchouse, Plymouth. 
1879 BiLLUrs, T. R., 20, Swiss Villas, Coplestone-road, Peckham, S.E, 
1895 Bingham, Lt.-Col., F.Z.S., Bombay Staff Corps, c/o Messrs. King 

& Co., Q5,Cornhill,E.C. 

1890 Bishop, Luke, F.R.G.S,, E 2, The Albany, Piccadilbj,'W. 

1891 Blaber, W, H., F.L.S., 34, Cromwell-road, West Brighton. 
1894f Blackuurne-Maze, W. P., Shaw House, Newhunj, Berkshire. 

1889 Blandford, Walter F. H., M.A., F.Z.S., Vice-President, 

48, Wiwpolc-street, W, 

1890 Blatcii, W. G., Kaowle, near Birmingham. 

1885 Blatiiwayt, Lieut. -Col. Liuley, F.L.S., Eagle House, Batheastou. 


1886 Bloomkield, The Rev. Edwin Newson, M.A., Guestling Rectory, 

1876 BoRRE, Alfred Preudhomme de, Villa la Fauvettc, Petit Saconnex, 

1875 BoRRER, Wm., junr., F.G.S., Pahjns Manor House, Hurstpierx^oint , 


1876 Bosch ER, Edward, Bellevue House, Twickenham. 

1891 Booth, George A., Fern Hill, Grange-over-Sands, Carnforth, 


1892 BousKEEL, Frank, 11, Sandown-road, Sfoney Gale, Leicester. 
1888 Bower, B, A., Langley, Eltham-road, Lee, S.E. 


1894 t Bowles, E. Augustus, M.A., Mydclelton House, Waliham Crosi-; 

1852 tBoYD, Thos., Woodoale Lodge, South Norwood Hill, S.E. 

1893 Brabant, Edouard, Chateau de Morenchies, par Cambrai {Nord), 


1894 Breyer, Professor H. G., M.D., Gymnasium,, Pretoria, Transvaal , 


1877 Briggs, Charles Adolphus, 55, Lincoln'' s Lin Fields, W.C. ; and 

Bock House, Lynmouth, North Devon. 
1870 Briggs, Thomas Henry, M.A., Roch House, Lynmouth, North 

1894 Bright, Percy M., Roccabruna, Bournemouth. 
1890 Bristowe, B. A., Durlstone, Champion Hill, S.E. 

1879 Broxgniart, Le Chevalier Charles, Assistant d'Entomologie au 

Musee d'histoire naturelle de Paris, Memb. Ent. Soc. France, 
and Memb. Geol. Soc. France, Foreign Corr. Geol. Soc. Lond., 
&c., 9, Rue Linne, Paris. 

1878 Broun, Capt. Thomas, Drury, Aucldand,Neio Zealand. 
1887 Brown, Henry Rowland, M.A., 3, Pump-court, Temple, E.C. 
1886 Brown, John, 5, King's parade, Cambridge. 

1892 Browne, Capt. Clement Alfred Righy, R.E., Southern Mahratta 

Railway, Dharzvar, India. 
1890 Bryant, George, Somerset Lodge, Old Shirley, near Southampton. 
1883 BucKTON, George Bowdler, F.R.S., F.L.S., Weycombe, Haslemere, 

1889 Burns, Henry, The Free Public Library, Fulham, S.W. 
1896 f Burr, Malcolm, " Bellagio,'' East Grinstead, Sussex. 
1868 t Butler, Arthur Gardiner, Ph.D., F.L.S., F.Z.S., British Museum, 

South Kensington, S.W.; and The Lilies, Penge-road, BecJcenham, 

1883 Butler, Edward Albert, B.A.,B.Sc., 39, J s7i^fy-7-oaf7,Cro?<cMr«7Z,N. 

1886 Calvert, Wm. Bartlett, Liceo de Quillota, Quillota, Chili, South 

1886 Cameron, Peter, Union Road, Nev) Mills, Derbyshire. 

1885 Campbell, Francis Maule, F.L.S., F.Z.S., &c., Rose Hill, Hoddes- 

don, Herts. 
1860 Candeze, Dr. E., Glain, Liege. 

1880 Cansdale, W. D., Sunny Bank, South Norioood, S.E. 

1889 Cant, A., c/o Fredlc. Du Cane Godman, Esq., F.R.S., 10, Chandos- 

street, Cavendish-square, W. 

1890 Capper, Samuel James, F.L.S. (President of the Lancashire and 

Cheshire Entomological Society), Huyton Park, near Liverpool. 

1886 Capron, Edward, M.D., Shere, Guildford, Surrey. 

1894 Caracciolo, H., H.M. Customs, Port of Spain, Trinidad, British 
West Indies. 


1892 Carpenter, The Honble. Mrs. Beatrice, KipUn, Northallerton. 

1895 Carpenter, G. H., B.Sc, Museum of Science and Art, Dublin. 
1868 Carrington, Charles, Carylls, Fay Gate, Horsham. 

1890 Carter, George Wm., M.A., F.L.S., Cliff End House, Scarhoro\ 
1895 Carter, Sir Gilbert, K.C.M.G., Government House, Lagos, West 


1889 + Cave, Charles, 13, Lovmdes-square, S.W. 

1871 Champion, George C, F.Z.S., Librarian, Heatherside, Horsell, 
Woling, Surrey ; and 10, Chundos-strect, Carcndish-square, W. 

1891 Chapjian, Thomas Algernon, M.D., care of Mrs. MiUigan, 3, Mor- 

land-terrace. Manor-road, Liscard, Cheshire. 

1890 Chatterton, Frederick J. S., 78, Clissold-road, Stoke Newingion, X. 

1891 + Chitty, Arthur J., M.A., 27, Hereford-square, S.W. 

1889 Christy, W. M., M.A., Watergate, Emsworth, Sussex. 

1886 + Clark, John Adolphus, The Broadway, London Fields, N.E. 
1867 Clarke, Alex. Henry, 109, Waririch-road, Earl's Court, S.W. 
1886 Clarke, Charles Baron, M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S., 13, Keic 

Gardens-road, Kew, S.W. 
1891 Clarke, Henry Shortridge, 2, Osborne-terrace, Douglas, IsleofMan. 

1891 Cockerell, Theodore D. A., F.Z.S., Mesilla, New Mexico, U.S.A. 
1874 Cockle, Major George, M.A.,B.Mus.,Oxon., d,Bolto7i-gardens,S.W. 
1873 Cole, William, 7, Knighton Villas, Buchhurst Hill, Essex. 

1892 Cowan, Thomas William, F.L.S., F.G.S., F.R.M.S., 31, Belsize 

Park Gardens, Hanipstead, N.W., and Penleaze, Foivey, Cornxoall. 
1886 CowELL, Peter (Librarian of the Liverpool Free Public Library), 

William Brown-street, Liverpool. 
1867 Cox, Herbert Ed., c/o F. S. Eve, Esq., 125, Hurley -street, W. 
1895 Crabtree, Benjamin Hill, The Oaklands, Levenshidme, Manchester . 
1888 Cregoe, J. P., P.O. Box 1420, Johannesburg, South Africa. 

1890 Crewe, Sir Vauncey Harpur, Bart., Calke Abbey, Derbyshire. 
1880 +CRISP, Frank, LL.B., B.A., Treasurer L.S., F.G.S., Treasurer 

R.M.S., 5, Lansdowne-road , Notting Hill, W. 
1888 Croker, a. J., 90, Albert-road, Walthamstow. 
1895 Crompton, Sidney, Salamanca, Santa Cruz, Teneriffc, Canary 

1883 Crowley, Philip, F.L.S., F.Z.S., Waddon House, Croydon. 

1873 Dale, C. W., Glanville's Wootton, Sherborne, Dorset. 

1887 Daltry, The Rev. Thomas W., M.A., F.L.S., Madeley Vicarage, 

Neiccastle, Staffordshire. 
1886 Dannatt, Walter, F.Z.S., Ivy Dene, Westcombe Park, Blackheath, 

1892 +DENNIS, George Christopher, 39, Blossom-street, Yorh 


1885 Dent, Hastings Charles, C.E., F.L.S., 20, Thurloe-sqtiare, S.W. 
I88(J Dickson, The Rev. Prof. William Purdie, D.D., LL.D., Professor 

of Divinity ia the University of Glasgow, Glangow. 
1875 Distant, Wm. Lucas, 4, West bourne- terrace, Lower Addiscoiuhv, 

1887 DiXEY, Frederick Augustus, M.A., M.D., Fellow and Bursar of 

Wadham College, Waclham College, Oxford. 
1895 DoBSON, H. T., Ivi/ House, Acacia Grove, New Maiden, Surrey. 
1806 Dolby-Tyler, Charles H., F.R.G.S., Corresponding Member of the 

Italian Anthropological Society, British Vice- Consid, Panama. 
18111 DoNiSTHuKi'E, Horace St. John K., 73, West Cromwell-road, S.W. 

1885 Donovan, Surg.-Captain Charles, M.D., Mangalore, South Canara, 

1873 DoRiA, Marquis Giacomo, Slrada Nuova, Genoa.] 

1886 Dormer, The Right Honourable Lord, Cox's Hotel, Jermyn-strecl, 

1845 Douglas, John Wm., Dartmouth Lodge, 153, Leivisham -road. 

Lewisham, S.E. 
1884 Druce, Hamilton H. C. J., F.Z.S., 43, Circus-road, St. John's 

Wood, N.W. 
1867 Druce, Herbert, F.L.S., F.Z.S., 43, Circus-road, St. Johns Wood, 

18'J4 Dudgeon, G. C, Fagoo Tea Estate, Sailihat P.O., via Julpiguri, 

1849 fDuNNiNG, Joseph Wm., M.A., F.L.S., F.Z.S., 4, Talbot-square, 

Paddington, W. 
1883 Durrant, John Hartley, The Cottage, Alerton Hall, Thet/ord. 


1890 Eastwood, John Edmund, Enton Lodge, Witley, Godahning. 
1865 Eaton, The Rev. Alfred Edwin, M.A , care of R. S. Eaton, Esq., 

4, Belfield-terrace, Weymouth, Dorset. 
1886 Edwards, Ja.jnes,Colesborne, Andoversford, R.S.O., Gloucestershire, 
1884 Edwards, Stanley, F.L.S., F.Z.S., Kidbrooh-lodge, Blackheath, 

1886 Ellis, John W., M.B., L.R.C.P., 18, Rodney-street, Liverpool. 
1878 Elwes, Henry John, J.P., F.L.S., F.Z.S., Colesborne, Andovers- 

ford, R.S.O., Gloucestershire. 
1886 Enock, Frederick, F.L.S., 21, Manor-gardens, Ilolloway, N. 

1890 Farn, Albert Brydges, Mount Nod, Greenhithe, Kent; and 

Medical Department, Local Government Board, Whitehall, S.W. 
1892 FaRREN, William, Fern House, Union-road, Cambridge. 
1831 Fenn, Charles, Ecersden House, Burnt Ash Hill, Let, S.E. 


1886 Fenwick, Nicholas Percival, Ilohnwood, South Banh, Surbiton 

Hill, Kings ton - on- Tha mes. 
1881 Fereday, R. W., Christchurch, Canterbury, Neio Zealand. 
1889 Fernald, Prof. C. H., Amherst, Mass., U.S.A. 
1878 FlNzi, John A., Hanover Lodge, 77, St. Helen's- gardens, N. 

Kensington, W. 
1874 Fitch, Edward A., F.L.S., Brick House, Maldon, Essex. 

1886 Fitch, Frederick, Hadleigh House, Highbury New Park, N. 
18G5 Fletcher, J. E., 2, Bedwardine-road, St. Johns, Worcester. 

] 883 1 Fletcher, William Holland B., M.A., Fairlaim, Worthing, 

1892 Fleutiaux, Edmond, 1, Rue Malus, Place Monge, Paris. 

1885 FOKKER, A. J. F., Zierikzce, Zeeland, Netherlands. 

1880 Fowler, The Rev. Canon, M.A., F.L.S., Secretary, The School 

House, Lincoln. 
1883 Freeman, Francis Ford, Ahhotsfield, Tavistock, South Devon. 
1896 Freke, Percy Evans, Step House, Borris, Co. Carlow, Ireland. 

1888 Fremlix, H. Stuart, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., Mereworlh, Maidstone, 

1891 Frouawk, F. \V., 39, Dornton-roacl, Balham, S.W. 
1855 Fry, Alexander, F.L.S., Thornhill House, Duhvich Wood Park, 

Norwood, S.E. 

1889 Fryer, Charles John, 410, Wandsioorth-road, S.W. 

1H84 Fuller, The Rev. Alfred, M.A., The Lodge, 7, S>/clenhum-hill, 
Sydenham, S.E. 

1887 Gahan, Charles Joseph, M. A., British Museum (Natural Historj/), 

South Kensington, S.W. ; and 16, Ashchurch-grove, Shepherd's 

Bush, W. 
189G Gale, G. H., Public Works Department, Hong Kong. 
1 887 Galton, Francis, M.A., D.C.L., Sc.D., F.R.S., F.G.S., 42, Rutland 

Gate, S.W. 
1S92 Garde, Philip de la, R.N., H.M.S. "Goldfinch," Australian 

IS'JO Gardner, John, 6, Friars-gate, Hartlepool. 

1893 GiBBS, Arthur Ernest, F.L.S., Avenue House, St. Albans, Hert- 

1865 tGoDMAN, Frederick Du Cane, F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., South Lodge, 
Lower Seeding, Horsham, Sussex ; 7, Carlos-place, Grosvenor- 
square ; and 10, Chandos- street. Cavendish-square, W. 

1890 Goldthwaite, Oliver, 3, Luke of Edinhurgh-road, Carshalton, 


1886 +G00DRICH, Captain Arthur Mainwaring, Lennox Lodge, Jfalvern 

1855 GoRHAM, Rev. Henry Stephen, F.Z.S., The Chestnuts, Shirley 
Warren, Sovthampton. 


1874 Goss, Herbert, F.L.S., F.G.S., Secretary, The Avenue, 
Surhiton-hill , Kuigston-on-TJiames ; and 11, Chandos-ntrect, 
Cave7idish-.'<quare, W. 

1886 Green, A. P., Colombo, Ceylon. 

1891 Green, E. Ernest, c/o Mrs. Blunt, Mote Hall, Bearsted, Maidstone, 

1894 Green, Joseph F., Went Lodge, BlacJcheath, S.E. 

1865 Greene, The Rev Joseph, M.A., Rostrevor, Clifton, Bristol. 

1893 t Greenwood, Henry Powis, F.L.S,, care of Thomas Greenwood, 

Esq., Belle Vue, London-road, near Salisbury. 
1888 Griffiths, G. C, 43, Caledonian-place, Clifton, Bristol. 

1894 GrimshaW, Percy H., Natural History Department, Edinburgh 

Museum of Science and Art, Edinburgh. 

1890+ Hall, A. E., Norbury, Pitsmoor, Sheffield. 
1885 Hall, Thomas William, ^'Stanhope" The Crescent, Croydon. 
1891 Hampson, Sir George Francis, Bart., B.A., 36, Tedioorth-square, 
Chelsea, S.W. 

1 891 Hanbury, Frederick J., F.L.S., 69, Clapton Common, Clapton, N.E. 
1877 Harding, George, The Grove, Fishponds, Bristol . 

!889 Harrison, John, 7, Gawber-road, Barnsley, Yorkshire. 

1892 Headly, Charles Burnard, Two Elms, Alexandra-road, Stoneygate, 

1892 Heath, Edward Alfred, M.D., F.L.S., 114, Ebury-street, Pimlico, 

1889 Henn, Arnold Umfreville, Box 1282, Post Office, Sydney, N.S. W. 
1 881 Henry, George, 38, Wellington-square, Hastings. 

1888 Higgs, Martin Stanger, F.C.S., Tigerfontein Gold Mines, Ltd., 
Venterskroon, Potchefstroom, Transvaal. 

1891 Hill, Henry A., 9, Addison Mansions, Kensington, W. 
1876+ Hillman, Thomas Stanton, Eastgate-street, Lewes, Siissex. 
1896 Hocking, The Rev. John, M.A., Copdock Rectory, Ipswich. 

1890 HoDGKiNSON, J. B., Boseberry House, Powys-road, Ashton-on-Ribble . 
1888 HoDSON, The Rev. J. H., B.A., 32, Milton-place, Halifax. 

1887 Holland, The Rev. W. J., D.D., Ph.D., bth Avenue, Pittsburg, 

Penn., U.S.A. 
1876 + HoRNiMAN, Fredk. John, M.P., F.L.S., F.Z.S., &c., Surrey 
Mount, Forest Hill, S.E. 

1892 Hoyle, Samuel, Audley House, Sale, Cheshire. 

1865+ Hxjdd, A. E., " Clinton,'' Pembroke-road, Clifton, Bristol. 

1888 Hudson, George Yernon, The Post Office, Wellington, New Zealand. 

1893 Irby, Lieutenant-Colonel Leonard Howard Loyd, F.L.S. , F.Z.S., 

14, Cornivall-terrace, Regent's Park, N.W. 

1891 Isabell, The Rev. John, 65, Waddon Old-road, Croydon. 


1886 Jacobt, Martin, 7, IlemHtall-road, West Ilampstead, N,W. 

1892 Jaffiiey, Francis, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., 8, Queen's Hide, Barnes, S.W. 
1809 Janson, Oliver E., Perth-road, Stroud Green, N. ; and 44, Great 

Russell-street, Bloornshuru, W.C. 
1880 Jenner, James Herbert Augustus, 4, East-street, Lewes. 
1880 John, Evan, Llantrissant, Pontypridd, Glamorganslnre. 

1889 Johnson, The Rev. W. F., M.A., Acton Rectory, Poyntz Pass, 

Newry, Ireland. 

1888 Jones, Albert H., Shruhlands, Eltham, Kent. 

1894 Jones, Frederic Whitworth, Cleef, Vryhurg, British Bechuana- 

land, Africa. 
1894 t Jordan, Dr. K., The Museum, Tring, Hertfordshire. 

1884 Kane, W. F. de Vismes, M.A., M.R.I.A., Drumleashe House. 

Monaghaii, Ireland. 
1884 Kappel, a. W., F.L.S., Ililden, 20, Sutton Court-road, Chiswick, W. 
1870 t Kay, John Dunning, Leeds. 

1890 t Kaye, William James, Worcester Court, Worcester Park, Surrey. 
1884 Keays, F. Lovell, F.L.S., 20, Charles street, St. James s, S.W. 

1894 Keeble, Henry. 

1890 Keneick, G. H., Whetstone, Somerset-road, Edghaston, Bir- 
1890 KiMBER, Miss M., Cope Hall, Enhorne, Newbury, Berls. 

1889 King, J. J. F. X., 207, Sauchiehall-street, Glasgoto. 

1861 KiRBY, William F., F.L.S., Hilden, 20, Sutton Court-road, Chiswick, 

1893 KiRKALDY, George Willis, St. Alls, Worple-road, Wimbledon, 

1889 Klapalek, Professor Franz, Trebo7i, Wittingau, Bohemia. 

1887 t Klein, Sydney T., F.L.S., F.R.A.S. (Hon. Treasurer, Middlesex 

Natural History and Science Society), The Bed House, Stanmore, 
1876 Kraatz, Dr. G., 28, Linlc-strusse, Berlin. 

1895 Krantz, Paul, Box 413, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa. 

1868 Lang, Colonel A. M., R.E., c/o Messrs. King & Co., 45, Pall Mall, 

1895 Latter, Oswald H., M.A., Charterhouse, Godalming, Surrey. 
1887 t Leech, John Henry, B.A., F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.R.G.S., &c.,Southover 

Grange, Lewes, Sussex. 
1883 Lemann, Fredk. Charles, Blachfriars House, Plymouth. 
1892 Leslie, J. H., 58, Foxboume-road, Upper Tooting, S.W. 
1870 Lewis, George, F.L.S., St. Uegulus, Archer^ s-road, Southampton. 
1892 LiGHTFOOT, R. M., Bree-st., Cape Tmon, Cape of Good Hope. 
1880 Livett, H. W., M.D., Wells, Somerset. 


1865 t Llewelyn, Sir John Talbot Dillwyn, Bart., M.A., M.P., F.L.S., 

Penllergare, S>''ansra. 
1881 1 Lloyd, Alfred, F.C.S., The Dome, Borjnor, Sussex. 
1885 1 Lloyd, Robert Wylie, St. Cuthherts, Thurle'xjh-roacl, Tsliglttingalc- 

lane, Clopham, Common, S.W. 

1894 Lowe, The Rev. Frank E., M.A., St. Stephen's Vicarage, 

1850 Lowe, W. H., M.D., Woodcote Lodge, Inner Pai-h-road, Wimbledon 
Park, S.W. 

1893 Lower, Oswald B., Bleak House, Park Side, Adelaide, Soidh 

1850 1 Lubbock, The Right Houble. Sir John, Bart., M.P., D.C.L., 

F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S., etc., High Elms, Farnborough, Kent. 
1880 LUPTON, Henry, Lyndhurst, North Grange-road, Headingleg, 


1887 M'DouGALL, James Thomas, Dunolly, Morden-road, BlacJcheath, 


1895 McGregor, Thomas M., 30, North Methven Street, Perth, N.B. 
1851tM'lNT0SH, J. 

1888 MACKINNON, p. W., Lynndale, Mussoorie, N.W.P., India. 

1892 Mackonociiie, The Rev. J. A., B.A. (Chaplain to the Earl 

of Home), Douglas Castle, Lanarkshire ; and The Ilirsel. 

1858 McLachlan, Robert, F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., Treasurer, West- 

vieio, 23, Clarendon-road, Lewisham, S.E. 
1887 Maxders, Surgeon-Captain Neville, L.R.C.P., M.R.C.S., Colombo, 


1891 Manger, William T., 100, Manor-road, BrocJdey, S.E. 

1892 Mansbridge, William, 21, Rosenau-crescent, Battersea Park, S.W. 

1894 t Marshall, Alick, Auchinraith, Bexley, Kent. 

1895 Marshall, G. A. K., The Master's Office, Salisbury, Mashonaland, 

South Africa. 

1896 Marshall, P., M.A., B.Sc, F.G.S., Grammar School, Auckland. 

Neio Zealand. 

1865 Marshall, The Rev. Thos. Ansell, M.A., Botusfleming Rectory, 
Halt, Cornwall. 

1856+ Marshall, William, Auchinraith, Bexley, Kent. 

1874+ Mason, Philip Brookes, M.R.C.S., F.L.S., Trent House, Burton- 
on- Trent. 

1895 Massey, Herbert, Ivy-Lea, Burnage, Wilhington, Manchester. 

1865 Mathew, Gervase F., R.N., F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.R.G.S., Lee House, 
Dovercourt, Harvnch. 

1887 Matthews, Coryndon, Plympton St. ]\Iary, South Devon. 

1860 May, John William, K.N.L., Blenheim House, Parson's Green- 
lane, Fulham, S.W. 


1872 t Meldola, Professor Raphael, F.R.S., F.C.S., President, 6, Bruns- 
wick-square, W.C. 

1H85 Melvill, James Cosmo, M.A., F.L.S., Brook House, Presticich. 

1887 Merrifield, Frederic, 24, Vernon-ten-ace, Brighton. 

1888 Meyer-Darcis, G., c/o Sogin & Meyer, Wohlen, Switzerland. 
1880 Meyrick, Edward, B.A., F.Z.S., Elmswood, Marlborough, Will- 

1894 MiALL, Professor Louis Compton,F.R.S., Crag Foot, Ben Rhydding, 

1883 Miles, W. H., The Neto Club, Calcutta. 

1896 Moberley', J. C, M.A., 9, Rad stock-place, Southampton. 

1879 MoNTEiRO, Senhor Antonio Augusto de Carvalho, 72, Rua de 
Alecreon, Lisbon. 

1853 Moore, Frederic, D.Sc, A.L.S., F.Z.S., Claremont House, Avenue- 
road, Croydon-road, Penge, S.E. 

1886 Morgan, A. C. F., F.L.S., 24, Lelnsfer-square, W. 

1889 t Morice, The Rev. F. D., M. A., Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, 

Brunsv)ick, Mount Hernion, Woking. 

1895 1 Morley, Claude, 34, Bemers-street, Ipsruich. 

1893 Morton, Kenneth J., " Salisbury," TJddingston, N.B. 

1889 Mosley', S. L., Beaumont Park, Huddersfield. 

1869 t MtJLLER, Albert, F.R.G.S. 

1 872 1 Murray", Lieut.-Colonel H., 43, Cromwell Houses, Cromwell- 
road^ S.W. 

1896 Nesham, Robert, Utrecht House, Queen' s-road, Clapham Park, S.W. 

1889 Nevinson, Basil George, M.A., F.Z.S., 3, Tedwortk-square, 

Chelsea, S.W. 
1887 Newman, The Rev. W. J. H., M.A., The Vicarage, Steeple 
Barton, Oxon. 

1890 Newstead, R., The Museum, Chester. 

1882 NiCEViLLE, Lionel de, F.L.S., C.M.Z.S., Indian Museum; and 13, 
Kyd-street, Calcutta. 

1895 Nicholson, Charles, 202, Evering-road, Clapton, N.E. 

1886 Nicholson, William E., School Hill, Lewes, Sussex. 

1893 NoNFRiED, A. F., Rakonitz, Bohemia. 

1886 NoRRis, Herbert E., 15, Market-jilace, Cirencester. 

1878 Nottidge, Thomas, Ashford, Kent. 

1895 Ndrse, Captain C. G., F.R.G.S., Indian Staff Corps, 5, St. Marys- 
square, Bury St. Edmunds. 

1869 Obertiiur, Charles, Rennes, France. 
1877 Oberthur, Rene, Rennes, France. 


1893 t Ogle, Bertram S., Steeple Aston, Oj-fordshlre. 

1883 Oldfield, George W., M.A., F.L.S., F.Z.S., 21, Longridge- 
road, EarVs Court, S.W. 

1893 Oliver, John Baxter, 12, Avenue-road, St. JoJm's Wood, 

1873 Olivier, Ernest, Bamillons, pres Moulins (AlUer), France. 

1878 Ormerod, Miss Eleanor A., F.R.Met.S., Torrington Bouse, Holy- 
well Hill, St. Alhans, Herts. 

1895 Page, Herbert E., 25, Casella-road, New Cross, S.E. 

1893 Paulcke, Wilhelm, 4, Marienstrusse, Fre'/hurg an Breisgau, Ger- 


1883 Peringuey, Louis, South African Museum. Cape Town, South 

1879 Perkins, Yincent Robt., Wotton-under-Ed ge, Gloucestershire. 

1887 Phillips, Charles Edmund Stanley, Castle House, Shooter's 
Hill, Kent. 

1891 Pierce, Frank Nelson, 1, The Elms, Dingle, LiverjMol. 

1885 Poll, J. R. H. Neerwort van de, Heerengracht 476, Amster- 

1870 t PoRRiTT, Geo. T., F.Ii.S , Crosland Hall. Hnddcrsfield. 

1884tPouLTOX, Professor Edward B., M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S.. 
F.Z.S., Hope Professor of Zoologj' in the University of 
Oxford, Wykehum House, Banhury-road, Oxford. 

1894 Pratt, John, St. Peter's Park, St. Albans, Hertfordshire. 

1851 Preston, The Rev, Thomas Arthur, M.A., F.L.S., Thurcaston 

Rectory, Leicester. 
1878 Price, David, 48, West-sireet, Horsham, Snsxe.r. 
1893 Prout, Louis Beethoven, 24G, Bichmond-road , Dulston, N.E. 

1882 + Ramsdex, Hildebrand. M.A., F.L.S., 2(;, Upper Bedford-place, 

Russell-square, W.C. 
1874 Reed, Edwyn C, C.M.Z.S., Banos de Cauquenes, Chili. 

1893 Reid, Captain Savile G., late R.E., The Elms, Yalding, 

Maidstone, Kent. 
1891 Reid, William, Pitcaple, Aberdeenshire. 

1890 Rendlestiam, The Right Honble. Lord, Bendltsham Hall, Wood- 

bridge, Suffolk. 
1886 Rhodes, John, 360, Blackburn-road, Accrington, Lancashire. 

1891 Richardson, Nelson M., B.A., Monte Video, near Weymouth, 


1894 Riding, William Steer. B.A., M.D., Burkerell Lodge, BuckerelL 

near Honiton, Deron. 


1853 EiPOX, The Most Honourable the Marquis of, K.G., D.C.L., 
F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., 9, Chelsea Embankment, S.W. 

1889 Robinson, Arthur, B.A., 1, Mitre Court Buildings, Temple, 

1892 Robinson, Sydney C, Goldsmith's Hall, EC. 
18G9 1 Robinson-Douglas, William Douglas, M.A., F.L.S., F.R.G.S., 

Orchardton, Castle Douglas, N.B. 

1 890 Robson, John Emmerson, Hartlepool. 

188G Rose, Arthur J., Bninnen Lodge, Upper Walthamstow-road, 

18(58 RoTHNEY, George Alexander James, 8, Versailles-road, Anerlp.y, 

1894 Rothschild, The Honble. Nathaniel Charles, F.Z.S., 148, Picca- 
dilly, W. ; and Tring FarJc, Tring, Herts. 

1888 t Rothschild, The Honble. AValter, F.Z.S., 148, Piccadilly,^Y .\ 
and Tring Park, Tring. Herts. 

1890 RouTLEDGE, G. B., 50, Russell-sqitare, W.C. 

1892 Russell, S. G. C, 19, Lombard-street, E.C. 

1894 Rye, Bertram George, 212, Upper Richmond-road, Putney, 

1894 Rylands, Thos. Glazebrook, F.L.S., F.G.S., Uighfields, Thelwall, 

188.'> Sabel, Ernest, F.Z.S., F.R.G.S., Lynton House, Soidh Side, Clap- 
ham Common, S.W\ 

18G6tSALVlN, Osbert, M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., 10, Chandos-street, 
Cavendish-square, W . ; and Hatvksfold, Fernhurst, Siissex. 

1886 Salwey, Reginald E., Sangate, Hook-road, Kingston-on-Thames. 

1865 t Saunders, Edward, F.L.S. . St. Ann's, Mount Herman, Woking, 

1861 t Saunders, G. S., 20, Dents-road, Wandsworth Common, S.W. 

1886 Saunders, Prof. Wm., Central Experimental Farm, Ottaioa, 

Canada (President of the Entomological Society of Ontario). 

1881 SCOLLICK, A. J.. Boldreicoodf Ditton. Hill, Surbiton, Kingston-on- 

1864 Semper, George, care of Bernhard Beer, Esq., 10, Newgate- 
street, E.C. 

1862 Sharp, David, M.A., M.B., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S.,Vice-Pkesident, 

Hawthorndene, Hills-road. Cambridge ; and University Museum 
of Zoology and Comparatire Anatomy, Cambridge. 

1883 Shaw, A. Eland, M.R.C.S., Fakenham, Norfolk. 

1883 1 Shelley, Capt. George Ernest, F.G.S., F.Z.S., 10, Tkurloe- 
square, S.W, 

1887 SiCH, Alfred, Burlington-lane. Chlsvick, W. 


1887 SiDGWiCK, Arthur, M. A., Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 

64, Woodstock-road, O.rford. 
1869 Smith, Henley Grose, F.Z.S., 5, Bnjanston-square, Hyde Parh^\\ . 

1895 Smith, W. W., Aahburtoti, Canterbury, New Zealand. 
1885 South, Richard, 100, Ritherdon-road, Upper Tooting, S.W. 

* + Spence, William Blundell, Florence, Italy. 

1889 Standen, Richard S., F.L.S., Thorpe Hull, near Colchester. 

1890 Stearns, A. E., 99, Gloucester-terrace, Hyde Park, W. 
1862 Stevens, John S., 4, Pope's-grove, Tioickenham. 

1837 Stevens, Samuel, F.L.S., Loanda, Beulah llill. Upper Norwood, 

1889 Stuaton, C. R., F.R.C.S., West Lodge, Wilton. Sedisbury. 

1896 Strickland, A. Gerald, OaJcleigh, near Ascot, Berkshire. 
1895 Studd, E. F., M.A., B.C.L., Ox ton, Exeter. 

1882 Swanzy, Francis, Stanley House, Granville-road, Sevenoaks. 

1884 Swinhoe, Colonel Charles, M.A., F.L.S., F.Z.S., Avenue House, 

Cowley -road, Oxford, and Savile Club, 107, Piccadilly, W. 
1894 Swinhoe, Ernest, Avenue House, Ccnoley-road, Oxford. 
1876 SwiNTON, A. H., c'o General Callender, Clovernooke, liedbridge, 


1893 Taylor, Charles B., Rae-street, Rae Tov;n, Kingston, Jamaica. 
1892 Taylor, The Rev. George W., F.R.S. (Canada), St. Alban's Rectory, 

Nanaimo, British Columbia. 
1886 Theobald, F. v., M.A., Lecturer in Economic Entomology and 

Zoology to the South Eastern Agricultural College, Wye Court, 

near Asliford, Kent. 

1892 Thornlev, The Rev. A., M.A., South Leverton Vicarage, Lincoln. 

1893 TowNSEND, Professor C. H. Tyler, Las Cruces, New Mexico, 


1859tTRiMEN, Roland, F.R.S., F.L.S., Vice-President, 5, Lancaster- 
street, Lancaster-gate, W. 

1895 Tunaley, Henry, 30, Fairmont-road, Bri.rton Hill, S.W. 

1893 Turner, Henry Jerome, 13, Drak fell-road, St. Catherine s Park, 

Hatcham, S.E. 

1894 Turner, Thomas, Cullompton, Devon. 

1886 Tqtt, J.W., Eay/fcvyi Villa, Westcombe Park, Blackheath, S.E. 

1893 Urich, Frederick William, Railway Extension Office, Arima, 
Trinidad, British West Indies. 

1866 Verrall, George Henry, Sussex Lodge, Newmarket. 
1889 Vivian, H. W., Glenafon, Taibach, South Wales; and Trinity 
College, Cambridge. 


1895 Wacher, Sidney, F.R.C.S., Dane John, Cdiiterhun/. 

1876 Wakefield, Charles Marcus, F.L.S., Behnont, llxbr/rlge. 

1886 Walker, Alfred O., F.L.S., Nant Ghjn, Colwyn Bay, Denbigh- 

1870 Walker, The Rev. Francis Augustus, D.D., F.L.S., Bun Mallard, 
CricJdeioooel, KW. 

1878 Walker, James J., R.N., F.L.S., 23, Ranelagh-road, Marine 
Town, Sheerness. 

1863 t Wallace, Alfred Russel, D.C.L., Oxon., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., 
Corfe Viev), Parkstone, Dorset. 

1866 t Walsingham, The Right Hon. Lord, M.A., LL.D.,F.R.S., F.L.S., 
F.Z.S., High Stewai'd of the University of Cambridge, il/erfo?t 
Jlall, Thetford, Norfolk ; and lo^oa, Eaton-square, S.W. 

1886 Warren, Wm., M.A., 80, Frithville Gardens, Shepherd's Bush, W. 

1869 Waterhouse, Charles O., Ingleside, Avenue Gardens, Acton, W. ; 
and British Museum, Cromicell-road, S.W. 

1891 fWATSON, Capt. E. Y., F.Z.S., Indian Staff Corps, care of Messrs, 
King & Co., 45, PaU Mall, S.W. 

1893 Webb, John Cooper, 32, Jlensloioe-road, Dulwich, S.E. 
1876 1 Western, E. Young, 36, Lancaster Gate, Hyde Park, W. 

1886 Wheeler, Francis D., M.A., LL.D., Paragon House School, 

1865 AViiiTE, The Rev. W. Farren. M.A., Stonehouse Vicarage, 

1884 White, AVilliam, The Puskin ^faseum, Meershrook Park, 

1896 WiLEMAN, A. E., British Consular Service, Yokohama, Japan. 

1894 Wilson, Edwin, Cherry Hinton-road, Camhridge. 

1894 WOLLEY-Don, F. H., Box 225, Calgary, Alberta, N.W.T. Canada. 
1881 Wood, The Rev. Theodore, 23, Brodcrick-road, Upper Tooting, 

1894 WooLF, Michael Yeatman, 1, Marlhorough-p)lacc, St. John^s Wood, 


1891 AVkougjiton, R. C, Conservator of ¥ovQS,is, Indian Forest Service^ 

Bombay, India. 

1888 Yeubuuy, Colonel John W., late R.A., Army and Navy Club, 
Pall Mall, S.W. 

1892 YouDALE, William Henry, F.R.M.S., 52, Muia-street, Cockcrmouth, 

1886 Young, Morris, Free Museum, Paisley, N.B. 

( xxiii ) 

During the Year 1896. 

Adolph (G. E ). Zur Morphologie der Hymenopterenfliigel. 4to, Halle, 

[Nova Acta Akad. Leop., XLVI., 2.] 

Die Dipterenfliigel, ihr Schema und ihre Ableitung. 4<:o, Halle, 

[Nova Acta Akad. Leop , XLVIL, 6.] The Academy, 

Barrett (C. G.). The Lepidoptera of the British Islands. 

Vol. II. Hecerocera : Sphinges, Bombyces (46 plates). 

Vol. III. : Bombyces, Noctua? (50 plates). 8vo, London, 

1895-96. The PuUishers. 

Becker (Th.). Revision der Gattung Chilosia, Meigen. 4to, Halle, 1894. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leop , LXIL, 3.] The Academy. 

Bellati (M.) et Quajat (E.). Sur I'eclosion anticipee des ceufs du ver-a- 
[Arch. Ital. Biol., Tome XXV., Ease. II., 1896.] The Authors. 

Berg (C). Revision et description des especes Argentines et Chiliennes du 
genre Tatochila, Bull. 

Hemipteros de la Tierra del Fuego coleccionados por el Seiior 
Carlos Buckhaiisen. 

Carlos German Conrado Burmeister. Resena Biografica. 
[An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, Tomo IV., 1895.] 

Notice necroligique sur le docteur Herman Burmeister. 
[Ann. Soc. Ent. France, Vol. LXIV., 1895.] 

Sur la distribution geographique de V Ophioderes materna (L.), Bsd, 

Descripcion de tres Nuevos Lepiddpteros de la coleccion del Museo 

Naciunal de Buenos Aires. 
[An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, Tomo V., 1896.] The Author. 

Blaxdford (W. F. H.). On the Genus Dactylipalpus, Chapuis, and two 
New Genera of Scohiiidx from Africa. 
I Ann. & MiiR. N. H., Ser. 6. Vol. XVII., 1896.] The Author. 
[See also Godman (F. D.) and Salvin (0.), Biologia Centrali- 
Americana ] 

( xxiv ) 

BiiANDT (J. F.) et Krichson (W. F. ). Monograpliia generis Meloes. 4to, 
[Halle], 1831. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leop., XVI., 1.] The Academy. 

Bkinner v. Wattenwyl (C ). Nouveau Systeme des Blattaires. Svo, 

Vieune, 1865. 
Ueber die lieutige Aufgabe der Naturgeschiclite. 8vo, Bern, 1878. 
Monograpliia der Phaneropteriden. Svo, Wien, 1878. 
Monograpliie der Stenopelmatiden und Gryllacriden. Svo, Wien, 

Eevision du Systeme des Orthopteres et description des especes 

rapportees par M. Leonardo Fea de Birmauie. Svo, Genova, 

Monograpbie der Pseudopbylliden. Svo, Wien, 13'J7t. 
, (Atlas). 4to, Wien, 1805. 

KonnuUa Ortboptera europsea nova vel minus cognita. 

[Act. Soc. Zool. botan. Vindobonensis, 18G1.] 

Die Morphologiscbe, Bedeutung der Segmente, speciell des binter- 

leibes bei den Ortbopteren. 
[Verb. Ges. Wien, 1876.] 

Netie Pbaneropteriden- 

[J. Mus. Godeflroy, Hft. 14, 1S78.] 

Ueber bvperteliscbe Nachabmungen bei den Ortbopteren. 

[Verb. Ges. Wien, 1885.] 

Ueber einen Fall von Riicksicbtslosigkeit der Natur. 

[Verb. Ges. Wien, 1889.] 

Monograpbie der Proscopiden. 

[Veih. Ges. Wien, 1890.] 

Additamenta zur Monograpbie der Pbaneropteriden. 

[Verb. Ges. Wien, 1891.] 

Ortbopfera of tbe Island of Grenada, West Indies. 

[P. Z. S.. 1893.] 

and EEnTENBACHER (J.). Ortboptera of tbe Island of 

St. Vincent. West Indies. 
[P. Z. S.,1S92.] 

i;L:iiGESS(E.). [Sec Scudder (S. H.).] 

I'.iKMETSTEE (II. C. C). Obituary Notice of. [See Berg (C.).] 

J'alvert (P. P.). Notes on tbe Odonata from East Africa, collected by tbe 
Cbanler Expedition. 

East African Odonata, collected bv Dr. W. L. Abbott. 
[Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. XVIII., 1895.] 

Cambridge (0. P.). [See Godman (F. D.) and Salyin (0.). Biologia 

Cameron (P.). [See Godman (F. D.) and Salvin (0.). Biologia Centrali- 

Candkze (E.). Elaterides Nouveaux. Fasc. VI. Svo, Bruxelles, 189G. 

Cards (C. G.). Ueber Blutlauf in Kerfen. 4to [Halle], 1829. 

[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold , XV., 2.] Jlie Academy. 

Casey (T. L.). Coleopterological Notices, VI. New York, 1895. 
[Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., VIIL] 

( XXV ) 

Champion (G. C). [See Godman (F. D.) and Salvix (0.). Biologla 

Charpentier (Toussaint de). Lf^tzte Insectenabbildung (Barbitistes 
Oeskayi). 4to [Halle], 1850. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XX., 2.j The Academy. 

CocKEBELL (T. D. A.). Bees of the genus Perdita, F. Smith. 

[Proc. Acad. N. Sci. Philadelphia, 1896.] The Author. 

CoHN (F.). Empusa Muscae und die Krankheit der Stubenfliegen. 4to 

[Halle], 1855. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XXV., 5.] The Academy. 

CoMSTOCK (John H.) and ( Anna B.). Manual for the Study of Insects. 8vo, 
Ithaca, New York, I8t>5. P urchased. 

Cook (0. F.). Priodesmus, a new genus of Diplopoda from Surinam. 

Two New Diplopod Myriapoda of the genus Oxydesmus from the 

On Geophilus attenaatus, Say, of the class Chilopoda. 

On arrangement of the Geophilidse, a family of Chilopoda. 

East African Diplopoda of the sub-order Polydesmoidea collected by 
Mr. W. A. Chauler. 

[Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., Vol. XVIIL, 1895.] 

The Smithsonian InstUution. 

CoQUiLLETT (D. W.) Revision of the North American £'»ij>tdcB — a family of 
Two-winged Insects. 
[Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. XVIII. , 1890.] 

The Siiiithsonian Institution. 

D.ii/LA Torre (C. G. de). Ca'alogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum 
systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. X. ApidiC (Anthophila). 
8vo, Lipsise, 1893. Purchased. 

Deichmijller (J. v.). Fossile Insecten aus dem Diatomeenschiefer von 
Kutschlin bei Bilin, Bohmen. 4to, Halle, 1881. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XLIL, 6.] The Academy. 

Dewitz (H.). Afrikanisehe Tagschmetterlinge. 4to, Halle, 1879. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XLI. , Pars II., No. 2.] 

Afrikanisehe Nachtschmetterlinge. 4to, Halle, 1831. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XLII., 2.] 

Beschreiburgen von Jugendstadein exotisclier Lepidopteren. 4to, 

Halle. 1882. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XLIV.. 2.] 

Westafrikanische Nymphaliden. 4to, Halle, 1887. 

[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., L.,4.] The Academy. 

Druce (Herbert). [See Godman (F. D.) and Salvin (0.). Biologia 
Central!- Americana. ] 

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( xxvi ) 

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[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., X., J.] The Academy. 

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The Academy. 

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[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., IX., 2.] 

( xxvii ) 

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The Academy. 

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The Author. 

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Dr. W. L. Abbott, with descriptions of some apparently new 

List of the Lepidoptera collected in Somaliland, East Africa, by 
Mr. W. A. Chanler and Lieut, von Hohnel. 

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The Smithsonian Institution. 

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( xxviii ) 

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( xxix ) 

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( XXX ) 

JIur.LER (Johannes). Ueber ein eigenthumliclies dem Nervus sympatliicus 
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[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XIV., 1.] Tlte Academy. 

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( xxxi ) 

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[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XYL, 2.J 

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( xxxii ) 

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lU. S. Geogr. Surveys, 1876.] 

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[Bull. U. S. Geol. Survey, No. 124, 1895.] The Author. 

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Some Insects of special interest from Florissant, Colorado, and 

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( xxxiii ) 

Sturm (J.), et Hagenbach (J.). Insecta Coleoptrata, quae in itinerilms 
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[Acta Akad. Leopold., XII., 1.] The Academy. 

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[Ann. Scott. Nat. Hist., 1895.] 

On some Hym3noptfra and Heraiptera from the summit of Ben 

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[Acta Akad. Leopold., XIX., 2.] The Acadeuiij. 

United States Departmevt of Agriculture (Division of Entomology) 
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No. 1. The Honey Bee. Ravisod edition, 1896. By Frank Benton. 

No. 2. Procee'lings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Asso- 
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No. 3. The San Jose Scale : its occurrences in the United States, 
with a full account of its life-history and the remedies to be 
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No. 4. The Principal Household Insects of the United States. 
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— — . Insects affecting Dry Vegetable Foods. By F. H. Chit- 
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United States Department of Agriculture (Division of Entomology) 
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Some Mexican and Japanese Injurious Insects liable to be introduced 

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U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. 

Vkrhoeff (C). Blumen und laseklen der In^el Norderney und ihre 
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[Nova Acta Akad. Laopold., LXL., 2,] The Academy. 

Walsingham (Thomas, Lord) and Durrant (J. H.). Rules for regulating 
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The Authors. 

Watson (E. Y.). A Key to the Asiatic Genera of the Hesperiidw. 
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Some further notes on the genus Terias. 

[Journ. Bombay N. H. Soc . Vol. X., 1896.] The Author. 

Wiedemann (G. R. G ). Monographia generis Midarum,. 4to, 1829. 
[Acta Akad. Leopold., XV. ,2. J The Academy. 

( xxxiv ) 

Wolff (0. J. B.)- Das Reichorgan der Biene nebst einer Beschreibung des 
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[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XXXV'IIL, 1.] The Academy. 

WCLP (F. M. van der). Diptera Neerlandica. Erste Deel. 8vo, The 
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Catalogue of the described Diptera from South Asia. 8vo, The 
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[See also GoDMAN (F. D.) and Salvin (0.). Biologia Centrali- 

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ZrNKEX (J. L. T. F.). Beitrag zur Insecten-Fauna von Java. 4to, 1831. 
[Nova Acta Akad. Leopold., XV., 1.] The Academy. 

( XXXY ) 

Periodicals and Publications of Societies. 


Halifax. Nova Scotian Institute of Science. Proceedings and Transac- 
tiona. Vol. VIII., Pt. 4 ; Vol. IX., Pt. 1. The Institute. 

London, Ontario. The Canadian Eatomologist. Vol. XXVIII., 1890. 

By Exchange. 

Montreal. Royal Society of Canada. Proceedings and Transactions. 
Ser. 2, Vol. I., 1895. The Society. 


Boston. Boston Society of Natural History. Proceedings. Vol. XXVI. 
Pt. 4, 1895. By Exchange. 

Memoirs. Vol. V. , Nos. 1 & 2. By Exchange. 

Cambridge, Mass. Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 
Annual Report, 1894 — 95. The Curator. 

Datenport, Iowa. Academy of Natural Sciences. Proceedings, 1896. 

The Academij. 

New York. N.Y. Entomological Society. Journal, I.— IV., 1893-1896. 


Philadelphia. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proceed- 
ings, 1896. By Exchange. 

Entomological News and Proceedings of the Entomological Section. 
Vol. VII. By Exchange. 

American Entomological Society. Transactions, 1896. 

By Exchange. 

Washington. Entomological Society. Proceedings, 1896. 




Buenos Airfs. Academia Nacional de Ciencias, Cordova. Boletin, 
Tomo XIV. By Exchange. 

Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires. Tomo IV., 1895. 

Dr. C. Berg. 


Trinidad. Trinidad Field Naturalist's Club. Journal. Vol. II. 

The Club. 

( xxxvi ) 


Bombay. Natural History Society. Journal. Vol. IX., Part 5; Vol. X. 
Parts 1—3. By Exchange. 


Adelaide. Royal Society of Sovith Australia. Transactions, Proceedings 
and Reports. Vol. XVI., Part 3, and Vol. XIX. 

Bij Exchange. 

Sydney. The Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales, 1896. 


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For the Year 1896. 

I. On the Heteronierous Coleeptera of St. Vincent, 
Grenada, and the Grenadines. By George Charles 
Champion, F.Z.S. 

[Read Dec. 4th, 1895.] 

Plate T. 

The present paper contaius an account of the Hetero- 
nierous Coleoptera collected by Mr. H. H. Smith in St. 
Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines, under the 
auspices of the West India Exploration Committee of 
the Royal Society and British Association. Mr. Gahan 
(Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1895, pp. 79-140) has already 
dealt with the Longicornia collected by Mr. H. 11. Smith, 
he at the same time giving a complete list of the whole 
of the species of that family known to inhabit the West 
India Islands. It is not pi'oposed to deal with the 
Heteromerous Coleoptera in the same complete manner, 
but merely to give an analysis of Mr. Smith's captures. 
The collections submitted to me for examination contain 
representatives of seventy-five species — Tenebrionidae 
(42), Cistelidfe (4), Lagriidee (2), Pythid® (1), (Ede- 
meridte (8), XylophiHdfe (4), Anthicidae (5), MordeUidas 
(4), Rhipidophoridas (2), and Cantharidae (3). Of this 

TJtANS. ENT. soc. LOND. 1896. — PART I. (mARCH.) 1 

2 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromeroiis Coleoptera 

number forty-nine are described as new, with three new 
genera. No species of the families Pythid^ and 
Xylophilida3 has hitherto been recorded from the West 
Indies. The whole of the genera, which number forty- 
six, with the exception of Lorelus and the three new 
ones, are common to Central America, four (Iccius, 
Mentes, Sosthenes, and Conulia) not being known from 
South America ; sixteen of them, however, have not 
been previously recorded from the West Indies : JJloma, 
Plaiydema, Talanus, Cojndita, XylojMlus, and Anthicus 
are those best represented ; Lorelus is known only from 
New Zealand and Japan, and two of the new geneia, 
Loreloj)sis and Meniviopsis, are closely allied to it. Of 
the total number of species, exclusive of the five cosmo- 
politan forms, ten only are common to Central America. 
Plaiydema scri'pti'penne, Fairm., a well-marked form, has 
only been previously recorded from Madagascar (? in 
error for Macassar), and Damma Island in the Eastern 
Archipelago. Taken as a whole, the Heteromerous 
Coleoptera of these islands show a considerable affinity 
with the fauna of the north-eastern parts of South 
America. The number of endemic genera being very 
few, and the endemic species closely allied to South 
American forms. It may be noted that several of Mr. 
Smith's most interesting captures were attracted to 
"light" at night. 



Epitragus, Latreille, Hist. Nat. Crust, et Ins., x., p. 322 
(1804); Champion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, 
p. 23. 

Epllrayus cxaratus, n. sp. 

Oblong oval, convex, obscure reddish-brown or piceous ; thickly 
clothed Avith short, appressed fulvous or fulvo-cinereous hairs, the 
head and prothorax more or less variegated with denser patches of 
longer, yellowish-white hairs ; the under surface clothed with fulvo- 
cinereous hairs, and (in fresh specimens) with dense patches of 
yellowish-white hairs at the sides ; the antennae, palpi, and legs 
reddish-brown. Head broadly aud shallowly arcuate-emarginate 
in front, the sides of the front rounded and not prominent, 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 3 

sparsely, unequally punctate, the punctures finer at the sides than 
in the middle ; the eyes large, coarsely granulated, and slightly 
oblique as seen from above ; the supra-orbital carina indistinct. 
Prothorax convex, strongly transverse, narrowing almost from the 
base, the sides slightly rounded, the anterior angles rather obtuse, 
the hind angles rectangular ; the surface thickly, unequally punctate 
— with spaces here and there more finely and more closely punctured 
than the other parts, — a narrow space down the middle behind 
impunctate. Elytra moderately long, wider than the prothoraxj 
rapidly narrowing from about the middle, the apices somewhat 
pointed : with rows of moderately fine punctures placed in rather 
broad shallow grooves, which become obsolete towards the apex ; 
the interstices convex, sparsely, minutely, irregularly punctate. 
Beneath somewhat thickly punctate ; prosternal process lanci- 
form, horizontal, and received by the short V-shaped mesosternum. 
Length 7|-9^, breadth 3^-4 mm. (,??). 

Hah. Grenadines — Becquia I., Union I., and 
Mustique I. 

Numerous examples. Allied to E. aurulentiis, Kirsch, 
from Central America and Colombia,* but smaller and 

* The Jamaican insect referred by me to this species (Biol, 
Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, p. 23), and of which I have recently 
received some additional specimens from Mr. Cockerell, proves to 
belong to another species. The following is a description of it: — 
Epitragtis jamaiccnuis, u. sp. — Oval, convex, pitchy-black, very 
finely, sparsely pubescent, the pubescence partly hidden by a 
dense, mealy, greenish or glaucous efflorescence, the sides of the 
head between the eyes, and the prothorax and elytra, with dense 
patches of ochreous hairs, which are only visible in fresh speci- 
mens ; beneath pitchy-browu, clothed with fulvo-cinereous hairs, 
and with denser patches of yellowish-white hairs ; the legs and 
antennae piceous. Head very sparsely, coarsely punctate in the 
middle, the sides and anterior half more closely and more finely 
punctured, the epistoma ai'cuate-emarginate in front, the sides of 
the front not prominent, the eyes coarsely granulated, the supra- 
orbital carina indistinct. Prothorax transverse, moderately convex, 
trapezoidal, the sides converging from the base and very feebly 
rounded, the angles acute ; the surface unequally punctured — with 
spaces here and there more finely and more closely punctured than 
the other parts, and transversely depressed in the middle before 
the base. Elytra rapidly narrowing from about the basal third, 
somewhat pointed at the apex, slightly gibbous, the disc broadly 
flattened and declivous from a little below the base ; with in- 
terrupted rows of rather coai 8) shallow punctures, the interstices 
fiat on the disc, feebly convex beyond the middle and very 
sparsely, minutely punctate ; towards the sides and apex with 

4 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoplera 

narrower, and with more slender legs ; the elytra 
regularly convex and more finely seriate-punctate, the 
interstices more even. From E. emarginatus and JE. 
sallvdiy Champ., it may be known by the sulcate elytra. 


Schcenicus, Leconte, New Sp. Col., p. 109 (1866) ; 
Champion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, p. 18. 

Schcenicus hrunneus, n. sp. 

Elongate oval, obscure reddish-brown, with a faint asneous 
lustre, shining, the legs and antennte rufo-ferruginons. Head 
thickly, rather coarsely punctate, the epistoma rounded anteriorly 
and prominent, the sides of the front obliquely converging before 
the eyes, the latter very coarsely granulated, the supra-orbital 
carina sharply defined. Prolhorax convex, strongly transverse, 
narrowed in front, the sides rounded, the hind angles subrect- 
angular, the anterior angles sharp but not prominent, the surface 
thickly, rather coarsely, uniformly punctate. Elytra moderately 
long, wider than the prothorax, subparallel from a little below tha 
base to about the middle and thence rapidly narrowed to the apex, 
the apices somewhat acuminate ; coarsely seriate-punctate, the 
interstices flat on the disc, feebly convex towards the sides and 
apex, and sparsely, very distinctly punctured. Beneath, very 
sparsely punctured ; prosternum abruptly declivous behind ; 
mesosternum gradually declivous in front. Length 9j, breadth 
3^ mm. 

Hah. St. Vincent. 

One specimen. Closely allied to S.patiametisis, Champ., 
but differing from it in its more elongate shape, the less 

scattered, irregular, depressed spaces. Beneath, the sterna excepted, 
thickly punctured; prosternum carinate down the middle, the 
process broad, rounded at the tip, and received by the very broad, 
strongly raised, horizontal, V-shaped mesosternum ; metasternum 
broadly concave in the middle. Length 10-10^, breadth 4-4j mm. 

Ilab. Jamaica (coll. F. Bates ; Cockerell). 

The description is taken from three specimens sent me by Mr. 
Cockerell. Differs from E. aurule/itus, Kirsch, in its more gibbous 
elytra, smaller size, and more sparsely punctured elytral interstices, 
the latter very uneven towards the sides and apex. The sculpture 
of the upper surface is almost hidden by a greenish mealy powder. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 5 

prominent sides of the front (in S. j-tavamensis the head 
is trilobate in front), the more coarsely granulated eyes, 
the coarser, sparser, and more uniform punctuation of the 
thorax, the sides of which are more rounded, the more 
coarsely seriate-punctate elytra, etc. (S. oculatus, Champ., 
from the Isthmus of Panama, is also an allied form. 
The genus has not previously been recorded from the 

Schcenicus anlillarum, n. sp. 
Oblong oval, obscure reddish- or pitchy-brown, with a faint 
aeneous lustre, shining, the legs and antennae rufo-ferrugiuous. 
Head thickly, rather coarsely punctate, the epistoma rounded 
anteriorly and prominent, the sides of the front obliquely con- 
verging before the eyes, the latter very coarsely granulated, the 
supra-orbital carina sharply defined. Prothorax convex, strongly 
transverse, narrowing almost from the base, the sides very little 
rounded, almost straight in one specimen ( $ ?), the hind angles 
sharply rectangular, the anterior angles sharp and prominent, the 
surface sparsely, somewhat coarsely punctate, a narrow ill-defined 
space down the middle impunctate. Elytra moderately long, 
wider than the prothorax, narrowing from about the middle ; 
coarsely seriate-punctate, the interstices flat on the disc, feebly 
convex towards the sides and apex, each with a single irregular 
row of very fine punctures. Beneath very sparsely punctured ; 
prosternum abruptly declivous behind ; mesosternum gradually 
declivous in front. Length S^-O^^, breadth 3:^-3§ mm. 

Hah. St. Vincent — south end; Grenada — Windward 
side; Union I. 

Four specimens, apparently including both sexes. 
Very closely allied to S. hrunneus, from which it may be 
separated by the more acute angles to the thorax, the 
sides of which are straighter and the surface less coarsely 
punctured, the elytral interstices more finely and not so 
closely punctate. The general shape is more oval, the 
insect in this respect resembling S. imnamensis. 


Grypticus, Latreille, Kegne Anim., 1st edit., iii., 
p. 298 (1817). 

Crypticus undatus, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 3.) 

Ovate, convex, rather shining ; black or pitchy-black, with a 
brassy lustre ; the anterior margin of the head sometimes ferru- 

6 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

ginous, the two or three basal joints of the antennae, and the legs, 
testaceous ; the elytra with a strongly angulated oblique fascia 
extending from the shoulder to the middle of the disc, an angu- 
lated transverse post-median fascia, widening outwards, the two 
connected at the sides, an elongate-triangular patch on the disc at 
the apex, excised in front and extending to the suture behind, and 
one or two oblong spots on the disc, flavous or testaceous ; the 
under surface piceous. Head thickly, minutely punctate; antennaa 
about reaching the hind angles of the prothorax. Prothorax 
strongly transverse, gradually narrowing from the base, the sides 
rounded in front, sparsely, minutely punctate. Elytra forming a 
continuous outline with the prothorax, obsoletely and very 
minutely seriate-punctate to about the middle, the interstices 
flat, sparsely, exceedingly minutely punctate. Beneath very finely 
pubescent, sparsely, minutely punctate. Legs very slender. Length 
3-3^, breadth l|-lf mm. (<J ? ). 

Hah. Grenada — Telescope and Lake Antoine Estates, 
on the Windward side ; Grenadines — Mustique I. 

Sent in plenty by Mr. H. H. Smith. Allied to 
C maculahis, Champ., from Central America, but 
differing from it in the more intricate elytral markings. 
These latter vary a little in extent ; the two fascite are 
sometimes connected near the suture by a narrow longi- 
tudinal line, which extends downwards to the triangular 
apical mark. In one specimen the suture is brown. 
The antenna3 usually have the two basal joints only testa- 
ceous. The seriate punctures on the elytra are scarcely 
distinguishable. The genus has not previously been 
recorded from the Antilles. Under rubbish on sandy 
sea-coasts (Smith). 

Opatrinus, Latreille, Regne Anim., ed. 2,v., p. 19 (1829). 

Opatrinus gemellatus. 

Blaps gemellatus, Oliv., Ent., iii., No. 60, p. 9, t. 1, 

fig. 8 (1795). 
Opatrinus gemellatus, Muls., Mem. Acad. Lyon, ii., 

p. 299 (1852) ; Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 

1889, p. 421. 
Opatrum clathratum, Oliv., Encycl. Meth., viii., p. 499. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 7 

Hab. St. Vincent — Leeward side ; Grenada — Baltha- 
zar, on the Windward side ; Grenadines — Mustique I., 
Becquia I., Union I. 

Eecorded by Mulsant from Guadeloupe I., Colombia, 
and Guiana. Not known ironi Central America. Found 
in plenty by Mr. H. H. Smith. It has been taken by 
MM. Delauney and Vitrac in the islands of Guadeloupe, 
Grande-Terre, and Les Saintes, and by the Rev. T. A. 
Marshall in Antigua. 


Head sunk into the protliorax up to the eyes, the latter trans- 
verse and completely divided at the sides ; epistoma deeply 
omarginate in front, leaving the labrum exposed ; mentum flat, 
small, widened in front, rounded at the sides anteriorly ; apical 
joint of the maxillary palpi subtriangular ; antennas moderately 
long, the four outer joints distinctly widened ; prothorax trrns- 
verse, strongly bisinuate at the base, and closely fitting to the base 
of the elytra ; scutellum small, strongly transverse ; elytra convex, 
oval, obliquely truncate and slightly emarginate on either side at 
the base, the basal margin raised on either side of the scutellum, 
the humeri more or less obtuse ; mesosteruum feebly excavate in 
front, the sides very little raised ; metasternura very short ; inter- 
coxal process of the abdomen broad, rounded in front ; iuflexed 
portion of the elytra formed entirely of epipleurtE, the latter wide 
in front and extending to the apex ; tibias rather narrow ; tarsi 
sparsely clothed with long fine hairs beneath, the anterior pair in 
the male with joints 1-3 spongy-pubescent beneath and more or 
less dilated ; body convex, apterous, sparsely pubescent. 

Two species are referred to this genus. It is allied to 
Blaj)stinns, but differs from it in the form of the elytra, 
the broader epipleuras, shorter metasternum, apterous 
body, etc. From Opatrinus it may be known by the 
non-trilobate mentum, divided eyes, etc. Also allied, 
but more distantly, to Dlastolinus, Muls. Both species 
live under stones, drift-wood, etc., on sandy sea-shores. 

Ctesicles insularis, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 2, S .) 

Oblong oval, convex, opaque above, shining beneath, black, the 
antennae piceous, with the apical three or four joints ferruginous, 
the base of the tibiae and the tarsi piceous or pitchy-red ; above 

8 Mr. G. C. Champion oil the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

and beneath very sparsely clothed with short, rather coarse, 
yellowish-cinereous hairs, these being semi-erect and bristly on 
the elytra and decumbent on the other parts of the body. Head 
coarsely, closely punctate. Prothorax strongly transverse, rather 
sharply margined, moderately rounded at the sides, widest a little 
before the middle, slightly wider at the base than at the apex, 
obliquely narrowed in front ; the anterior angles rather prominent, 
the hind angles obtusely rectangular ; the surface thickly impressed 
with coaree, round punctures, which are here and there separated 
by irregular smooth spaces. Elytra about two and one-fourth 
times the length of the prothorax, and a little wider than it, 
rounded at the sides, with rows of very coai'se, deep, not very 
closely placed, foveolar impressions ; the interspaces sparsely 
punctate and sharply costate, the costse slightly shining at the top, 
the third and seventh and the second and ninth confluent behind, 
the second, fifth, and sixth scarcely reaching the base, the first (or 
sutural) turning obliquely outwards before the base, leaving a 
triangular depressed space behind the scutellum, and connected 
with the fourth by the basal ridge ; the humeri moderately pro- 
minent. Beneath thickly impressed with excessively coarse 

$ . Anterior tarsi with joints 1-3 dilated ; anterior tibial 
sinuous within. 

Length 5^-G, breadth 2^-2^ mm. (<??). 

Hah. St. Vincent — Windward side. 
Seven examples. 

Ctesicles maritimus, n. sp. 

Very similar to C. insular is ; the elytra more opaque ; the pro- 
thorax a little more rounded at the sides anteriorly, the anterior 
angles less prominent ; the elytra more rounded at the sides and 
with the humeri more obtuse, the disc transversely flattened or 
depressed below the base, the seriate impressions not so coarse and 
more numerous, the interstices strongly convex at the sides, feebly so 
on the disc, the fourth more raised than the others towards the base. 

^ . Anterior tarsi with joint 1 feebly and 2 and 3 more broadly 
dilated ; anterior tibiae sinuous within. 

Length 4|-6, breadth 2^-2§ mm. ( ^ 9 ). 

Hah. Grenada — Telescope and Lake Antoine Estates, 
on the Windward side ; Grenadines — Mustique I. 

Fifteen specimens, all but two from Grenada. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 9 


Scajites, Champion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., \v., 1, 
p. 222 (1886). 

Scaptes ciliatns, n. sp. 

Ovate, convex, black, the upper surface completely covered with 
pale brown, whitish, aud fuscous appressed scales, which form a 
variegated pattern on the elytra (patches of light scales alternating 
with patches of dark scales in irregular longitudinal series), and 
with scattered, short, semi-erect, hair-like scales," which are 
serially arranged on the elytra ; the margin of the prothorax and 
elytra fringed with long, white, hair-like scales, the base of the 
prothorax also ciliate ; the antennae black, yellowish at the tip. 
Prothorax short, rounded at the sides, narrowed in front, and dis- 
tinctly narrowed behind. Elytra oval, three times the length of 
the prothorax, distinctly narrowed in front. Length 4, breadth 
2^ mm. 

Ilab. St. Vincent — south end. 

One specimen. Smaller and more ovate than S. tro- 
jncus, Kirsch (= squamulatus, Champ.), from Central and 
Soutl) America, and also differing from it, and from 
S. cayennensis also, in the longer marginal cilia of the 
thorax and elytra, the thorax distinctly narrowed behind, 
and the elytra more oval. It is probable that the 8. squa- 
mulatus of Fleutiaux and Salle, from Guadeloupe, belongs 
to 8. ciliatns ; their specimen was examined by me some 
years ago. Under rubbish in low- wooded land near the 
sea (Smith). 


Phaleria, Latreille, Hist. Nat. Crust, et Ins., x., p. 300 


Phaleria chcvrolati. 

Phaleria chevrolati, Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 
1889, p. 422. 

Hah. Grenada — Granville and Telescope Estate, on 
the Windward side ; Grenadines — Mustique I. 

Numerous examples, including the typical form and 

♦ Some authors use the term " hairs," and others " scales," for 
this form of vestiture. 

10 Mr, G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

the var. quadrinotata, Fleut, and Salle, also a variety with 
the elytra immaculate. I have examined one of the types 
of P. chevrolati, kindly communicated by M. Fleutiaux, 
whose specimens were obtained at Pont Pierre, in the 
Les Saintes Is. The insect is narrower and more shining 
than P. dytiscoides, Champ., from the Atlantic and Pacific 
coasts of Central America. Under seaweed (Smith). 

Phaleria falva. 

Phaleria fulva, Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 
1889, p. 423. 

Var. The elytra with a common discoidal patch 
fuscous or pitchy-black. 

Hah. Grenada — Windward side; Grenadines — Mus- 
tique I. 

Five specimens of the typical form from Grenada, and 
three of the variety from Mustique Island. The type, 
from Grande Anse, in the Les Saintes Islands, has been 
communicated by M. Fleutiaux for comparison ; it 
appears to be somewhat immature. In our specimens 
the last dorsal, and also the last ventral, segment of the 
abdomen is infuscate or black. Under seaweed (Smith). 


Ozolais, Pascoe, Journ. Ent., ii., p. 457 (1866); Ann. 
and Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., viii., p. 351 (1871). 

Ozolais tuherculifera, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 1, 6 .) 

Broad, very convex, black ; the upper surface tuberculate and 
sparsely clothed with very short, appressed, hair-like scales, which 
are in great part hidden by an adherent, greyish or brown, scaly 
coating ; the antennae black or reddish-brown, the two basal joints 
usually paler, the club flavo-ferruginous ; the palpi and tarsi, and 
sometimes the femora also, ferruginous or obscure ferruginous. 
Head with the sides of the front subangularly dilated, the space 
between the eyes with scattered smooth granular elevations ; 
antennae moderately long, joint 9 broader than long and nearly twice 
as wide as 8, 1 and 1 i subconnate, strongly transverse, 10 much wider 
than 9. Prothorax very broad, transverse, with the disc gibbous 
and the sides explanate, rapidly narrowing from the middle for- 

of 8t. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 11 

•wards, and strongly bisinuate at the base, the latter wider than the 
elytra ; the sides coarsely and irregularly crenate, the anterior 
angles greatlj' produced in front, the hind angles sharp and directed 
inwards ; the surface studded with smooth, strongly raised, granular 
elevations, the disc broadly and shallowly grooved down the middle. 
Elytra about twice as long as the prothorax, rounded at the sides, 
gradually narrowing from the middle forwards and rapidly and 
obliquely narrowing behind, very convex, abruptly declivous behind, 
the humeri acute and directed outwards ; the surface studded 
with strongly raised, subserially arranged, smooth, granular eleva- 
tions, which become coarser and more scattered towards the 
suture, and also with irregular rows of coarse, deep punctures, 
which also become more scattered towards the suture and are 
usually completely hidden by the scaly coating. 

^ . Head broadly excavate in front, the sides of the front 
strongly and angularly dilated ; the epistoma armed with a long, 
suberect, flattened process, which is dilated at the tip, the tip itself 
slightly emarginate. 

Length 5f-8, breadth 3:|-4 mm. ( (^ 9 )• 

Hah. St. Vincent — Windward side ; Grenada — Wind- 
sor and Balthazar. 

Numerous examples of both sexes. This species is 
not very closely allied to any of those from South 
America described by Pascoe, or to the Central- American 
forms described by myself. 0. clongata, Champ., from 
Nicaragua, has a somewhat similar cephalic horn in the 
male ; but the horn in that species is placed on the 
vertex, whereas in 0. tuherciilifera it arises from the 
front of the epistoma. The smooth granular elevations 
of the surface arise from tubercular elevations, the inter- 
spaces being covered with a scaly incrustation, which 
hides the sculpture and the very short, fine, hair-like 
scales. In rotten wood and under logs (Smith). 


Oplocephala, Laporte et Brulle, Ann. Sciences Nat., 

xxiii., p. 338 (1831) (nomen pra^occ). 
Arrhenoplita, Kirby, Fauna Am. -Bor.,iv.,p. 235 (1837). 
Evoplus^ Leconte, New Sp. Col., p. 128. 

Arrhenoplita suilla, n. sp. 
Oblong oval, moderately convex, opaque, testaceous, clothed 
with a very fine, short, pruinose pubescence ; the entire upper 

12 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoj)tera 

surface closely, very finely punctate. Antennje short, thickening 
outwardly, joints 5-10 strongly transverse, 5 wider than 4. Eyes 
rather small, emarginate in front. Prothorax more than twice as 
broad as long, rounded and sharply margined at the sides, widest 
a little before the base, moderately narrowed in front. Elytra 
about two and one-half times the length of the prothorax. nar- 
rowing from the middle, subparallel towards the base, without 
trace of strije. Leg slender, short. 

^ . Head deeply excavate in the middle between the eyes, and 
armed on either side with a long, compressed, broad, subtriangular 
horn, the apex of which is furnished with a few fulvous hairs, the 
epistoma also with a conical prominence in the middle in front. 

Length 2-2^ mm. 

Hab. St. Vincent — Kingstown. 

Two males and one female. Three others (all males), 
from Guadeloupe I., are contained in the collection of 
M. Fleutiaux of Paris. This insect resembles the 
European PentaphyUus testaceus, Hellw. ; but diH'ers 
from it in having the antenna? gradually widened from 
the fifth joint, the eyes emarginate, etc., as well as in 
its more parallel shape. It has the facies of a Cls. A. 
cioides and A. jpentwphylloides, Champ., from Central 
America, and A. hituhercuJata {0\\\.), axe allied forms; 
the latter has been introduced into France in an exotic 
boletus. From A. cioides, its nearest ally, it may be 
known by the single tubercle on the epistoma in the 
male, the closer punctuation, etc. Found " in boleti " 
in the old Botanical garden (Smith). 


riafydcma, Laporte et Brulle, Ann. Sciences Nat., 
xxiii., p. 350 (1831). 

Platydema piliferum, n. sp. 

Broad oval, moderately convex, opaque ; black or brownish. black, 
the suture sometimes paler; the antennae brown or pitchy-brown, with 
the basal joints, and also the apical one. ferruginous ; the anterior 
margin of the head, the labrum, palpi, and legs ferruginous ; the 
under surface ferruginous or piceo-ferruginous ; the elytra clothed 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 13 

with short, fine, yellowish-cinereous pubescence. Head and pro- 
thorax thickly, obsoletely punctate, the latter very short and 
rapidly, arcuately narrowing from the base, the eyes widely 
separated ; the antennae moderately elongate, joints 7-10 slightly 
broader than long. Elytra a little flattened on the disc, tinely 
punctate-striate, the interstices flat on the disc, feebly convex at 
the sides, and obsoletely punctate. Length G^-7|, breadth 
3-3| mm. 

Hah. St. Vincent — Richmond Estate, on the Lee- 
ward side, and Bovi^-wood Valley near Kingstown. 

Four specimens. Allied to P. sobrinum, Chevr., from 
Central America, but differing from it and the numerous 
allied Tropical-American forms in the very distinctly 
pubescent elytra, the pubescence being visible even in 
rubbed specimens. This character is quite unusual in 
the genus, though many of the species when in fresh 
condition are clothed with a sort of pruinosity which 
soon becomes abraded. The punctuation, that of the 
strias excepted, is scarcely visible, except under a strong 
lens, and the surface is very dull. In a rotten log 

Plafydema apicenolatum, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 5.) 

Short ovate, rather broad, convex, opaque ; black ; the anterior 
part of the head, the oral organs, the antennaj, the lateral margins 
of the prothorax, the scutellum, and epipleurjB ferruginous ; the 
elytra each with four sharply-defined flavo testaceous spots near 
the apex — one, very small, on the 5th interstice at about one-third 
from the apex, one, slightly larger, on the 3rd interstice, nearer 
the apex, one, rather larger and oblique, at the sutural angle, and 
one near the lateral margin above this, transverse and equalling it 
in size ; the legs ferruginous, the tibise slightly infuscate ; the 
under surface pitchy-black. Head thickly, very finely punctate ; 
antennae extending to a little beyond the hind angles of the pro- 
thorax, joints 7-1 strongly transverse. Prothorax acutely margined 
at the sides, rapidly and arcuately narrowing from the base, more 
than twice as broad as long, almost smooth. Elytra forming a 
continuous outline with the prothorax, acutely margined, finely 
punctate-striate, the interstices flat and almost smooth. Length 4, 
breadth 2\ mm. 

14 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

Hah. Grenada — Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

Of this peculiar little species one specimen only was 
obtained ; it was attracted to " light." In general shape 
the insect somewhat resembles P. rotundatam, Chevr. 
In the markings of the elytra it differs from all the 
American species of the genus known to me. 

Platydema scrijjtipenne. 

Platydema scriptipennis, Fairm., Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr., 

lS7b, p. xxxiii. 
Platydema scriptipenne, C. O. Waterh., Ann. and Mag. 

Nat. Hist., 6th ser., xiv., p. '6Q. 

Hah. Grenada — Soubise, on the Windward side. 

One specimen, agreeing perfectly with the type, which 
is supposed to have been found in Madagascar (or ? 
Macassar), and with an example found by Mr. J. J. Walker 
in 1891. Also recorded from India, Siam, 
Java, and Macassar by Mr. Waterhouse, who incorrectly 
ascribes the species to Chevrolat. The insect must have 
been introduced into the island of Grenada. Under 
piles of decaying wood on the coast (Smith). 


Lorelus, Sharp, Ent. Monthly Mag., xiii., p. 76 (1876). 

The four described species of this genus are all from 
New Zealand. The following insect merely differs from 
L. priscus, Sharp, in having the penultimate tarsal joint 
more feebly excavate above, and the limbs less elongate. 

Lorelus hrevicornis, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 6.) 

Elongate, rather depressed, shining, glabrous, castaneous, the 
prothorax and elytra (the suture, humeri, and apex excepted) 
suffused with piceousin one example, the legsferrugineo-testaceous. 
Head thickly and rather coarsely punctate, the eyes not prominent ; 
antennre short, not reaching the base of the prothorax, moderately 
stout, the joints closely articulated, 3 a little longer than 2, 4-8 
short, gradually decreasing in length, 5-8 transverse, 9-1 1 broader 
than those preceding, 9 and 10 transverse, 11 short-oval. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 15 

Prothorax wider than the head, truncate at the base and apex, 
rather convex, strongly transverse, widest in front, the sides some- 
what obliquely converging f i-om the apex to the base, the margins 
feebly crenulate behind, the anterior angles distinct but rather 
obtuse, the hind angles minutely prominent ; the surface punctured 
like that of the head, the punctuation a little sparser on the disc 
than at the sides. Elytra considerably wider than, and fully three 
times the length of, the prothorax, truncate at the base, subparallel 
to a little beyond the middle and rapidly narrowing thence to the 
apex ; coarsely, thickly, confusedly punctate, the punctures 
coarser than those on the head and prothorax. Beneath sparsely, 
finely punctate. Legs short, the penultimate joint of the tarsi 
feebly excavate above for the reception of the base of the apical 
joint. Length 2^-3^ mm. 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side ; Becquia I. 

One example from eacli locality ; I have also seen 
specimens of it from Guadeloupe, in the collection of 
M. Fleutiaux of Paris. One of these latter is labelled 
as having been found in the stems of a Cissus, a shrub 
allied to Vitis. In rotten cacao-husks (Smith). 

LoEELOPSis, n. gen. 

Penultimate tarsal joint strongly lamellate, extending beneath 
the apical joint to about its middle. Epistoma separated from the 
front by a distinct groove. Eyes small, rather prominent, entire, 
projecting far beyond the antennary orbits. Prothorax as long as 
broad, trapezoidal. Body pubescent. The other characters as in 
Lorelus, Sharp. 

The single species referred to this genus possesses all 
the structural characters of Lorelus, except as regards 
the strongly lamellate penultimate tarsal joint and the 
distinctly separated epistoma. It has somewhat the 
facies of various Goniaderides and Heterotarsides, but 
differs from them in the closed mesocoxal cavities, 
absence of the trochantin, etc. The body in fresh 
specimens is clothed with very fine, long, erect hairs, 
which are easily abraded. The elytra are very much 
wider than the thorax, gradually widened for two-thirds 
of their length, and confusedly punctate. The thorax is 
widest in front. The antennee have the apical three joints 
widened. Like Lorelus, Menimus, and Menimopsis, the 

16 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

genus does not agree satisfactorily with any of Lacordaire'a 

Lorelopsis pilosus, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 7.) 

Elongate, flattened above, shining, when fresh somewhat thickly 
clothed with very fine, long, erect hairs, which are easily abraded ; 
piceous or brown, the antenn.-e and legs ferruginous. Head 
thickly, somewhat coarsely punctate; antennas about reaching the 
humeri, moderately stout, the joints closely articulated, 3 much 
longer than 2, 4-8 short, subequal, 9-11 broader than those pre- 
ceding, 9 as long as broad, 10 slightly broader than long, 11 oval. 
Prothorax rather convex, slightly wider than the head, as long as 
broad, truncate at the base and apex, widest in front, the sides a 
little rounded and gradually converging from before the middle to 
the base, the angles somewhat obtuse ; the surface thickly, 
moderately coarsely punctate. Elytra elongate, gradually widen- 
ing from the base to one-third from the apex and there more than 
one-half wider than the prothorax, abruptly narrowing behind; the 
surface coarsely, closely, confusedly punctate, the punctures much 
coarser than those on the head and prothorax. Beneath thickly 
punctate, the punctures very coarse at the sides, the metasternum 
.sparsely and much more finely punctate. Length 3f-4, breadth 
lg-l| mm. 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side. 

Two specimens, one of which is completely abraded. 

Menlmopsis, n. gen. 

Head broad, exserted, slightly raised at the sides above the point 
of insertion of the antennaj, the epistoma well defined ; the eyes 
excessively minute, consisting of about eight facets only, lateral ; 
the labrum prominent ; the mandibles visible from above, emargi- 
uate at the tip ; the apical joint of the maxillary palpi stout, 
securiform. Antennte very short, about equalling in length 
the width of the head, stout ; the joints closely articulated, 
1 fctout, 2 smaller, short, 3-7 gradually increasing in width, 4-7 
strongly transverse, 8-11 forming a well-defined club, 8-10 trans- 
verse, each very much broader and stouter thau 7, 11 short, oval, 
narrower and longer than 10. Prothorax short, truncate and finely 
margined at the base, closely fitting to the elytra, with a sharply- 
defined, projecting, subcrenulate lateral carina. Scutellum short, 

of St. Vincenf, Grenada^ and the Grenadines. 17 

strongly transverse. Elytra the -width of the prothorax at the 
base, and twice its length, with laterally projecting, prominent 
humeri, and a narrow, finely serrate, marginal carina. Legs very 
short, moderately stout ; the tibipe rather narrow, the anterior and 
intermediate pairs slightly rounded on their outer edge, the spurs 
short but distinct ; the tarsi 5-, 5-, 4-joiuted, short, clothed with a 
few long hairs beneath, the basal joint of the hind pair very 
short. Coxa? narrowly separated. Prosternum declivous and 
narrowly produced behind, the apex slightly raised. JMetasternum 
short. Intermediate coxal cavities closed externally. Epipleurre 
broad, extending to the fourth ventral suture. Body elongate- 
oval, probably apterous. 

The single peculiai' species from whicli the above cha- 
racters are taken is closely allied to the genus Menimus, 
Sharp ; but differs from it in having the antennno 
11-jointed, with a 4-jointed club, and also in the 
laterally projecting humeri and shorter legs. The 
eyes are excessively minute, smaller even than in 
Menimus csecus, Sharp. The genus Menimus contains 
numerous representatives in New Zealand, and one in 

Menimopsis excsecus, n. sp. (Plate I., figg. 17, 17a, 9.) 

Rather narrow and somewhat depressed, rufo-testaceous, shining, 
almost glabrous (probably clothed when fresh with scattered, long, 
fine, erect hairs, a few of which are visible upon the head and pro- 
thorax) ; the legs and antenna; testaceous. Head with widely 
scattered coarse punctures ; antennae with a few fine bristly hairs. 
Prothorax strongly transverse, about one-half wider than the head, 
inoderately rounded at the sides, a little narrowed in front, th ; 
anterior angles obtuse, the hind angles subrectangular, the surface 
sparsely, coarsely punctate. Elytra parallel to near the middle and 
arcuately narrowing thence to the apex, the apices conjointly 
rounded ; with rows of coarse punctures, which become finer at the 
apex, the interstices smooth and flat. Beneath very sparsely, 
coarsely punctate, the propleura^ smooth. Length 2|, breadth 
1 mm. (?.) 

Hah. St. A^incent — Morne-a-Garon, 1,2C0 feet. 

One female example. Under rubbish on a damp rock 
in the forest (Smith). 

TEANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 189G. — PAET I. (mARCH.) 2 

18 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous GoJeoptera 


Echocerus, Horn, Rev. Ten. of Am. north of Mex., 
p. 366 (1870). 

Echocerus maxillosus. 

Trogosita maxillosa, Fabr., Syst. Eleuth., i., p. 155. 
Trogosita maxillaris, Beauv., Ins. Afr. et Amer., 

p. 125, t. 32, fig. 4. 
Gnathocertis maxillosus, Lacord., Gen. Col., v., p. 322, 

nota; Woll.. Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., 3rd ser., 

vi., p. 49; Col. Atlant. App., p. 61. 
Echoceru-t maxillosus-^ Horn, Rev. Ten. of Am. north 

of Mex., p. 366 ; Champ., Biol. Centr.- Am., Col., 

iv., i, p. 146. 

Hah. Grenada — Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

Two examples of this cosmopolitan species, which is, 
no doubt, of American origin, were found by Mr. H. H. 
Smith in Grenada. It has already been recorded from 
the Antilles. Introduced into Europe, Madeira, and the 
Canary Is. 


Icci'-is, Champion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, p. 147 


Iccius rufotestaceus, n. sp. 

Elongate, narrow, flattened-cylindrical, shining, clear rufo- 
testaceous, the elytra paler than the prothorax, the eyes black. 
Head sparsely, finely jjunctate ; the sides of the front narrowly 
dilated, obliquely converging forwards, and impinging on the eyes 
behind, the latter large ; the epistoma in oae specimen with a small 
tubercle iu the middle ; antenna; short, widening outwards, joints 
5-10 very strongly transverse, 11 short oval. Prothorax longi- 
tudinally convex, subquadrate, a little broader than long, slightly 
rounded at the sides in front, the angles obtuse ; sparsely, finely 
punctate. Elytra of the same width as, and about two and one- 
fourth times the length of, the prothorax, parallel to beyond the 
middle, finely seriate-punctate, the interstices each with a row 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 19 

of exceedingly minute punctures. Anterior tibife widening out- 
wards, sharply denticulate on their outer edge. Length 3-3^, 
breadth |-| mm. 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side. 

Two specimens. This and the following species have 
quite the facies of a Corticeus (HyjwjMoeus), from which 
genus they may be known by the form of the anterior 
tibise and by the elytra completely covering the abdomen. 
In the typical species from Central America the man- 
dibles are furnished with long ei^ect horns in the male, as 
in Gnaihocerus, Echocerus, etc. The insects here described 
are without these appendages, and they are probably all 

Icclns grenadensis, n. sp. 

Closely allied to I. rufotestuceus, and differing as follows : — The 
head shorter, the sides of the front narrower ; the epistoma limited 
behind by a deep transverse groove, terminating laterally in a 
rather deep fovea ; the antenna) with joints G-10 very strongly 
transverse, 5 transverse but much narrower than G. Prothorax 
shorter, much broader than long, and more finely punctured. 
Anterior tibite narrower, obsoletely denticulate on their outer 
edge. Length 2|, breadth | mm. 

Hah. Grenada — Balthazar, on the Windwai'd side. 

One specimen, captured on the wing at sunset. 

Triholium, Macleay, Ann. Javan., 1825, p. 47. 


Tenehrio ferriigineus, Fabr., Spec. Ins., i., p. 324 

Hah. St. Vincent ; Grenada. 

The cosmopolitan insect generally known as T. ferrit- 
gineum, Fabr., has been recorded by MM. Fleutiaux and 
Salle from Guadeloupe; it is probable, however, that the 
Fabrician name has been wrongly applied. 

20 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heleromerous Coleoptera 


Arrhahseus, Champion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, 
p. 144 (1886). 

Arrlialjivus debills, n. sp. 

Moderately convex, shining, piceous or castaneous, the antennaj 
ferruginous. Head coarsely punctured, deeply, transversely 
depressed in front, the sides of the front swollen and moderately 
prominent. Prothorax strongly transverse, about equal in -width 
at the base and apex, the sides slightly rounded and sharply 
margined; coarsely, somewhat closely punctate. Elytra twice the 
length of the prothorax, arcuately narrowing from about the 
middle ; coarsely and deeply punctate-sulcate, the interstices 
convex at the sides, flatter on the disc, and with a few very minute 
widely scattered punctures. Anterior and intermediate tibice 
rather coarsely denticulate on their outer edge, the anterior pair 
widening outwards. 

$ . Head broader, with the sides of the front more dilated, 
oblique, and extending outwards nearly as far as the eyes. 
Length 2^-3^, breadth 1-1^ ram. (,??.) 

Hah. St. Yinceut; Grenada — Balthazar, on the 
Windward side. 

Numerous examples. This species is almost inter- 
mediate between Arrhahreus, Champ., and Dicedus, Lee. 
The type of the first-mentioned, ^4. cunvexus, Cbamp., 
from Costa Rica and Panama, has much stouter and 
more coarsely denticulate anterior tibiae, and a very 
differently formed head. These characters, however, 
become much less marked in A. guadelonpensis, Fleut. 
and Salic, and the present insect. InDloidiLs the anterior 
tibia) are rather narrow, and the sides of the front are 
not swollen. A. dehilis is smaller and less convex 
than ^4. guadeJoiipensis, and it has the punctuation of the 
thorax and elytra much coarser. FvovaDioedus pitnctatus, 
Lee.,, an insect found under pine-bark in North America, 
it may be known by the prominent sides of the front and 
the wider anterior tibias. A. guadtloupensis and J. delnlis 
would, perhaps, be almost equally well-placed in Dioedus. 
In rotten wood (Smith). 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 21 


Alegoria, Castelnan, Hist. Nat. Ins. Col., ii , p. 221 

Alegoria dilatata. 

Alegoria dilatata, Cast., loc. cit., p. 221 ; F. Bates, 
Ent. Monthly Mag., ix., p. 182, nota ; Champ., 
Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, p. 149. 

Hah. St. Vincent — Windward side; Grenada — 
Balthazar and Windsor. 

Numerous specimens. A widely-distributed species 
in Tropical America, ranging from Mexico to Peru, but 
not previously recorded from the Antilles. A. castelnaui, 
Fleut. and Salle, from the Island of Guadeloupe, chiefly 
differs from it in having the punctures of the elytral stria3 
coarse and distant from each other. Found under the 
sheathing bases of decaying banana leaves, etc. (Smith). 


Uloma, Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. Col., ii., p. 220 

Uloma sulcata, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 4, $ .) 

Elongate, subparallel, convex, robust, castaneous or rufo-ferru- 
ginous, shining. Head very short, closely, finely punctate, trans- 
versely grooved in front ; the antennae short. Prothorax much 
broader than long, transversely convex, a little narrower in front 
than at the base, the sides rounded anteriorly and slightly converg- 
ing behind, the angles obtuse ; very finely and rather sparsely 
punctate, the punctuation a little closer towards the sides and 
apex, and with a shallow transverse groove (sometimes obsolete) 
before the base. Elytra two and one-half times the length of the 
prothorax, narrowing from about the middle ; deeply crenate- 
striate, the punctures rather coarse, shallow, and somewhat 
distantly placed ; the interstices strongly convex throughout and 
sparsely, minutely punctate ; the humeri swollen and projecting 
in front ; the epipleurse extending to the apex. Fifth ventral 
segment deeply foveate in the middle before the apex. 

(^ . Anterior tibiee broadly and abruptly widened on the inner 
side from about the basal third, concave beneath in their outer 

22 Mr, G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

half, and with a dense fringe of short fulvous hairs extending 
from a little beyond the middle to the apex ; intermediate tibiae 
elongated, fully twice the length of the tarsi, and bowed inwards 
from near the base. 

Length 7§-ll, breadth 3^-4^ mm. ( ^ ? .) 

Hah. St. Vincent — Kingstown, Windward side and 
Leeward side. 

Ten specimens, varying greatly in size. In the large 
well-developed males the thorax is very convex and 
more rounded at the sides, and the anterior tibiae are 
strongly dilated. Allied to U. iRn-icoUis, Champ., from 
Central America; but differing from it (and from the 
European forms also) in the non-excavate disc of the 
thorax in the males, and also in the form of the tibiae in 
this sex. The fifth ventral segment is foveate in the 
middle in both sexes. The variation in size and develop- 
ment of the males is almost as great as in some species 
of Anisofomidfe. The specimens of this and of the follow- 
ing species of the genus were found under bark or in 
rotten wood. 

Uloma antillarum, n. sp. 

Elongate, subparallel, convex, rufo-ferruginous, shining. Head 
short, closely, finely punctate, and with a very deep transverse 
groove in front ; the antennas short. Prothorax nearly one-half 
broader than long, a little narrower in front than at the base, the 
sides rounded anteriorly and slightly converging behind, the angles 
obtuse ; sparsely, very fiuely, unequally punctate, with a narrow 
space down the middle im punctate, and with a shallow transverse 
groove before the base. Elytra narrowing from about the middle, 
deeply crenate-striate, the punctures rather coarse, shallow, and 
somewhat distantly placed, the interstices moderately convex, and 
with a few exceedingly minute scattered punctures, the humeri a 
little swollen in front. Fifth ventral segment deeply foveate in 
the middle before the apex. 

^ . Anterior tibiae broadly and abruptly widened on the inner 
side from about the basal third, concave beneath, and with a dense 
fringe of short fulvous hairs extending from a little beyond the 
middle to the apex ; intermediate tibiae bowed inwards from 
about the basal third. 

Length 7A-8^, breadth Sf-Sf mm. ( ^ ? .) 

Hah. Grenada — Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 23 

One male and two females. Closely allied to TJ. sulcata ; 
but less robust, and also differing from it in the more 
transverse thorax, flatter elytral interstices, and more 
deeply grooved head. The male characters are similar. 
The fifth ventral segment is also foveate in both sexes. 

JJloma grenadensis, n. sp. 

Elongate, parallel, very convex, rufo-ferruginous, shining. 
Head very short, closely, finely punctate, transversely grooved in 
front ; the antennaj short. Prothorax nearly one-half broader than 
long, a little narrower in front than at the base, the sides rounded 
anteriorly and slightly converging behind, the angles obtuse ; 
sparsely, finely, unequally punctate, with a narrow space down 
the middle impunctate, and with indications of a shallow trans- 
verse groove before the base. Elytra narrowing from about the 
middle, finely crenate-striate, the punctures closely placed, the 
interstices flat on the disc, feebly convex towards the sides, and 
sparsely, minutely punctate, the humeri a little swollen in front. 
Fifth ventral segment deeply foveate in the middle before the 

$ . Anterior tibiaj widened on the inner side from about the 
basal third, concave beneath, and with a dense fringe of short 
fulvous hairs extending from a little beyond the middle to the 
apex ; intermediate tibife bowed inwards from about the basal 
third ; hind tibifc feebly triangularly dilated on the inner side a 
little before the middle. 

Length 7-8i, breadth 3-3^ mm. (^.) 

Eah. Grenada — Black Forest Estate and Balthazar, 
on the Windward side. 

Two males, one of which is considerably larger and 
broader than the other. Differs from Z7. sulcata and U. 
antiUarxnn in the much more finely crenate-striate elytra, 
the punctures of the stria3 closely placed, the interstices 
tiat on the disc; the punctuation of the thorax is dis- 
tinctly coarser, and the hind tibice in the male are feebly 
triangularly dilated on the inner side near the middle. 
The thorax is more transverse than in JJ. sulcata. 

JJloma par vula, n. sp. 
Moderately elongate, subparallel, convex, shining ; rufous or 
ferruginous, the scutellum and elytra often fuscous or piceous, 
the elytra sometimes piceous with the suture and shoulders 

24 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

ferruginous. Head finely, rather sparsely punctate, transversely 
grooved in front ; the antennae moderately long. Prothorax about 
one-half broader than long, much narrower in front than at the 
base, the sides rounded anteriorly and slightly converging behind, 
the angles obtuse ; sparsely, finely punctate, with a narrow space 
down the middle impunctate. Elytra two and one-half times the 
length of the prothorax, narrowing from the middle ; rather 
coarsely crenate-striate, the striifi shallow, the punctures becoming 
coarser towards the sides and finer at the apex, and not very closely 
placed ; the interstices feebly convex and sparsely, distinctly punc- 
tate ; the epipleurse extending to the apex. Fifth ventral segment 
unimpressed. Anterior tibia; widening from the base, becoming 
very broad at the apex, finely denticulate on their outer edge, 
similar in both sexes. 

^ . Head swollen on either side between the eyes, concave in 
the middle ; prothorax with a broad and very deep transversely- 
cordate excavation on the anterior part of the disc, the excavation 
limited posteriorly by a transverse fold, which is slightly depressed 
in the centre. 

Length 4.^-5^, breadth 15-2J mm. ( (^ ? .) 

Hah. St. Vincent — Windward side and Leeward side. 

Apparently a common insect in the island of St. Vin- 
cent. Allied to U. retnsa, Fabr., recorded by Fleutiaux 
and Salle from Pointe-u-Pitre, Grande-Terre, but scarcely 
half the size of that insect, the thoracic excavation in the 
male deeper and differently shaped, the anterior tibias 
similar in both sexes. The colour of the elytra is as 
variable as in that species. 

Alphitohius, Stephens,Ill. Brit., Mand., v., p. 11 (1832). 
Aliiliitohius pkeiis. 

Helops piceus, Oliv., Ent., iii., No. 58, p. 17, t. 2, 

figg. 13a, h (1795). 
Alphitohius jnceus, Champ., Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 

], p. 156; Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 

1889, p. 427.* 

Hah. St. Vincent. 
* It is not necessary to give the rest of the synonymy here. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 25 

Two specimens. A cosmopolitan species carried 
everywhere by commerce. Eecorded from the islands 
of Guadeloupe and Grande-Terre. I have also seen an 
example of it from Antigua in the collection of the Kev. 
T. A. Marshall. 


DoUema, Pascoe, Journ. Ent., i., p. 50 (1860) ; Cham- 
pion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, p. 157.* 
ScJiedarosus, Reitter^ Col. Hefte, xv., p. 42. 

Doliema plana. 

Gucujus planus, Fabr., Syst. Eleuth., ii., p. 94. 
Doliema jilana, Champ., Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, 

pp. 157, 535* ; Fieut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. 

Fr., 1889, p. 428.t 
Sitophagus lecontei, Horn, Rev. Ten. of Am. north of 

JMex., p. 346, t. 14, fig. 20 (c?). 
Schedarosus scidarius, Reitt., Col. Hefte, xv., p. 44. 
? Adelina depressa, Er., in Wiegm. Archiv, 1847, 1, 

p. 119. 

Hah. Grenadines — Mustique I. 

One female specimen. A widely distributed insect 
on the mainland of America, ranging from the Southern 
United States to Guiana. Also recorded from Cuba and 


Zophohas, Blanchard, Hist, des Ins., ii., p. 15 (1845) ; 
Champion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., l,p. lOo. 

Zophohas morio. 

Helops morio, Fabr., Gen. Ins. Mant., p. 241, No. 45 
(1777); Spec. Ins., i., p. 325; Mant. Ins., i., 
p. 214; Ent. Syst., i., p. 120; Syst. Eleuth., i., 
p. 160. 

* For the rest of the synonj'my, see Champ., op. cit. 
t D. {Pijtho) pallida, Say, is incorrectly given as a synonym by 
these authors. 

2G Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

Zophoha.s morlo, Kraatz, Deutsche ent. Zeit., 1880, 

p. 128; Champ., Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 1, 

pp. 104, 522; Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 

1839, p. 427. 
llehrps elongatus, Beauv., Ins. Afr. et Amer., p. 164, 

t. 31, %. 9; Chevr., Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1852, 

p. 638. 
Helops nigritus, Oliv., Ent., iii.. No. 57, p. 5, t. 2, 

figg. 26a, h. 
Zophohas concolor, Woll., Ann. and ]\Iag. Nat. Hist., 

1870, v., p. 33; Col. Sancta3 Helenas, p. l!o4. 

Hah. St. Yincent. 

Three specimens, all females, with the elytral inter- 
stices a little more convex than usual. Recorded by 
Fleutiaux and Salle, from the islands of Guadeloupe, 
Grande-Terre, and Les Saintes. I have also seen speci- 
mens of it fi-om Dominica and Trinidad in the collection 
of the Rev. T. A. Marshall. Introduced into St. Helena. 
It seems to be almost cosmopolitan. 

Zophohas latlcolUs. 

Zophohas laticollis, Motsch., Bull. Mosc, xlv., 2, 
pp. 35, 36 (1872) ; Kraatz, Deutsche ent. Zeit., 
1880, p. 131 ; Champ., Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 
],pp. 105, 522, t. 5, fig. 14(c?). 

Hab. Grenada — Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

One female example. 


A)ifedus, Blanchard, Hist, des Ins., ii. p. 35 (1845). 
Anaidus, Lacordaire, Gen. Col., v., p. 396. 

Ansedns quadrinotatus, n. sp. 

Oblong oval, shining, piceous or reddish-brown, with a slight 
brassy lustre ; the elytra each with a large spot at the shoulder 
and another at about one-third from the apex, the latter sometimes 
obsolete, rufous or testaceous ; the antennae pitchy-brown, Avith 
the basal two joints, and also the apical one, ferruginous ; the 
palpi and legs rufo-testaceous, the femora sometimes infuscate ; 

of Si. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 27 

the upper surface clothed with fine, semi-erect hairs. Head with a 
few scattered coarse, deep punctures, deeply, transversely grooved 
in front ; antennae moderately long, stout, thickening a little 
outwardly, joint 2 very short, 3 nearly twice as long as 2, 4 longer 
and stouter than 3, 4-10 subequal in length, about as broad as 
long, 11 much longer and stouter than 10. Prothorax short, trans- 
versely convex, constricted behind, the sides angularly dilated at 
the middle and also subangulate near the apex, the anterior angles 
rounded, the hind angles acutely rectangalar ; the surface exceed- 
ingly coarsely and somewhat closely punctate. Elytra about three 
times the length of, and much wider than, the prothorax, sub- 
parallel or slightly widening to the middle and narrowing thence 
to the apex, a little flattened on the disc, very coarsely and thickly 
punctured, the punctures subserially arranged towards the suture. 
Length 23-3^, breadth 1^-1^ mm. ($'}.) 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side ; Grenada — Grand 
Etang and Balthazar, on the Windward side, and Mouud 
Gay Jilstate, on the Leeward side. 

Nine specimens. This small species is allied to 
A. macidatus, Champ., from Chiriqui. The elytrai spots 
are not always distinct, the posterior one sometimes 
obsolete. The genus has apparently not been previously 
recorded from the Antilles.* The tibiae are unarmed in 
the male. Under leaves, etc. ; also attracted to " light " 


Paratenetns, Spinola, Essai Monogr. Clerites, ii., 
p. 116 (18J^4) ; Champion, i5iol. Centr.-Am., 
Ool., iv., 1, pp. 238, 544. 

Storthephora. Maklin, Act. Soc. Fenu., x, pp. 6o5, 658 

(1875). ' 

Paratenetus jpunctulatus. 

Paratenetus punctulatus. Champ., op. cit., p. 545. 

Hah. Grenada — Woburn, south end. 

One specimen, probably belonging to this species. 
The genus has not previously been recorded from the 
Antilles. In dry scrubby growth, on foliage (Smith). 

* ^4. (Ichiuneyi, Fleut. it Salle, from Guadeloupe, the type of 
■which I have examined, is a Cistelid, and belongs to the genus 
I/1/strornjchus, Latr. 

28 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Hetewmerous Coleoptera 

CyrlosomUi Perty, Del. Anim. artic. Bras., p. 59 (1830). 

Cyrtosoma henninieri. 

Cnodalon Vherminierii, Chevr. in Guerin's Icon. Regno 
Anim., Ins., p. 123, t. 31, ^gg. 10, 10a, h 
{C. atrum). 

Cyrtosoma I'herminieri, Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. 
Fr., 1889, p. 428. 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side ; Grenada — Balthazar 
and La Force Estate, on the Windward side. 

Several examples from each locality. Original recorded 
by Chevrolat from Pointe-a-Pitre, Grande-Terre I., and 
subsequently by Fleutiaux and Salle from Guadeloupe I. 
In dry second-growth woods, beaten from vines and 
bushes, also under bark of a rotten log (Smith). 

Blapida, Perty, Del. Anim. ai'tic. Bras., p. 58 (1830). 

Blapida castaneipennis, n. sp. 
Obscure reddish-brown, the head, palpi, antenna, and legs, and 
the lateral, basal, and apical margins of the prothorax, black ; the 
head and prothorax dull or feebly shining, the elytra shining ; 
beneath darker than above, the prosternum black, the ventral 
surface piceous. Head sparsely, very irregularly, minutely 
punctate. Prothorax transverse, gradually narrowing from about 
the basal third to the apex, parallel behind, the anterior angles 
rounded ; very sparsely, minutely punctate. Elytra elongate, 
broad, gibbous towards the base, and with the disc flattened and 
gradually declivous thence to the apex, the apex of each elytron 
very sharply mucronate ; very deeply striate throughout, the striae 
finely punctured, the 3rd and 6th near the apex, and the 4th and 
5th, and also the 7th and 8th, at some distance before this, coales- 
cent ; the interstices smooth and convex. Beneath almost smooth. 
Intermediate tibias widened on the inner side at the apex. Length 
22-23, breadth 7^-8 mm. ( $ ). 

Hah. Grenada — Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

Two examples. A female of the same species is con- 
tained in the British Museum ; this was found in the 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 29 

i&land of Trinidad by Mr. Broadway. Allied to B. neo- 
trojncalls, Champ., from Central America, but larger and 
differently coloured, the thorax more narrowed in front, 
the elytral striae more finely punctured and the interstices 
more convex. B. pertyi, Cast., from Brazil, is also an 
allied form. On fire- wood, and also attracted to " light '* 


Acropieron, Perty, Del. Anim. artic. Bras., p. 64 

Acropteron quadraticolle, n. sp. 

Very elongate, narrow, convex, shining, brownish-bronze. Head 
thickly, unequally punctate, the epistoma smoother, transversely 
grooved in front. Prothorax convex, nearly one-half broader than 
long, completely margined at the base, the sides feebly sinuate — 
almost straight when viewed from above ; the anterior angles 
very prominent but rather obtuse, the hind angles acute ; the 
surface somewhat thickly, moderately finely punctate, a narrow 
space down the centre excepted, and feebly transversely grooved 
in the middle before the base. Elytra about five and one-third 
times the length of the prothorax, gradually narrowing for about 
three-fourths of their length, and thence rapidly converging to the 
apex, the apices sharply mucronate and divaricate ; rather coarsely 
seriate-punctate ; the interstices smooth, almost flat on the disc, 
convex at the sides and apex. Posterior tibias similar in both sexes. 
Length 15-16A, breadth 2^-25 mm. ( ^ ? .) 

Hab. St. Vincent — Leeward side; Grenada — Grand 
Etang, alt. 1,900 feet, and Balthazar, both on the Wind- 
ward side. 

Four specimens. Allied to A. punctlcolle, Champ., 
from Chiriqui, but differing from it in the broader and 
sharply transversely-quadrate thorax, the sides of which 
are almost straight, and the angles very prominent; 
the head and thorax are also much more sparsely 
punctured. From A. cliahrieri, Fleut. and Salle, from 
Guadeloupe I., it may be known by the divaricate and 
sharply mucronate apices of the elytra, and the prominent 
anterior angles of the thorax. The posterior tibia? are 
simple in the male. On foliage (Smith). 

30 Mr. G. C. Champion o?i the Heteromeroiis Coleopiera 


Mentes, Champion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., p. 559 

Mentes seneopiceus, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 8, 6 .) 

Elongate oval, very narrow, feebly convex, subopaque ; pitchy- 
black, with a greenish-aeneous lustre, the antennae brown, the legs 
ferruginous, with the apical halves of the femora inf uscate. Head 
very sparsely, finely punctate ; the eyes very large, narrowly 
separated in front ; antennae about half the length of the body, 
rather slender, joints 1-3 very short, 3 slightly longer than 2, 
4-1 1 moderately elongate, obconic, subequal in length, 4 stouter than, 
and more than twice as long as, 2. Prothorax strongly transverse, 
much wider than the head, slightly narrowed in front, rounded at 
the sides, transversely grooved before the base, the groove ending 
on either side in a deep fovea, which does not reach the basal 
margin, the disc also feebly transversely depressed in the middle ; 
the surface sparsely, finely punctate, with a narrow smooth space 
down the middle. Elytra elongate, depressed, a little wider than 
the prothorax, narrowing from the middle ; finely and rather irre- 
gularly punctate-striate, the punctures closely packed : the inter- 
stices almost flat, each with an irregular row of punctures, which 
are closely placed and very little finer than those of the striae. 
Legs elongate, slender ; the hind pair with the tarsi nearly as long 
as the tibia;, and the basal joint of the tarsi as long as the follow- 
ing joints united ; the anterior tarsi slender and quite simple. 
Length 5^, breadth If mm. {S •) 

Hah. Grenadines — Mustique I. 

One male example. Allied to M. fusiformis, Champ., 
from Guatemala. 


Talanus, Jacquelin Duval, in Sagra's Hist. Cuba, vii., 

Ins., p. 66 (1856); Maklin, Ofv. Finsk. Vet.-Soc. 

Forh., XX., p. 95 (1878); Champion, Biol. Centr.- 

Am., Col., iv., 1, p. 321. 
Dignamptus, Leconte, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, xvii., 

p. 421 (1877). 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 31 

Talanus cribrariiis. 

Talanus cribrariiis, Jacq. Duv., in Sagra's Hist. Cuba, 
vii., Ins., p. 66 ; Milkl., Ofv. Finsk. Yet.-Soc. 
Forh., XX., p. 97. 

Hab. Grenada — •Woodford Estate, on tlie Leeward 

A single male specimen, agreeing with one from Cuba 
in Mr. F. Bates's collection. It has a short sharp tooth 
on the inner side of each of the tibiae a little beyond 
the middle. Scrubby hill-sides, on herbage (Smith). 

Talanus insularis. 

Talanus insula ris, Makl., Ofv^. Finsk. \^et.-Soc. Forli., 
XX., p. 98. 

Hah. Grenada — Mount Gay Estate, on the Leeward 
side,, and Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

Three specimens (S ^), probably belonging to this 
species. They are less elongate and much smaller than 
T. crihrarius ; the legs and antennje are shorter, the 
latter with joints 9 and 10 strongly transverse (nearly 
as long as broad in T. crihrarius) ; and the elytra are 
more distinctly striate, with the punctures coarser. The 
male-characters are similar, Miiklin's types were from 
Puerto Rico. Beaten from vines and bushes (Smith). 

Talanus ferrugineus, n. sp. 

Elongate oval, convex, ferruginous, shining. Head closely, 
finely punctate, the epistoma smoother, deeply, transversely 
grooved in front ; antennas short, thickening outwardly, joints 
7-10 strongly transverse, 11 oval, stouter than, and more than twice 
as long as, 1 0. Prothorax about as long as broad, the sides rounded 
in front and sinuate behind, sharply margined ; thickly, moderately 
finely punctate, a space along the middle more sparsely punctured ; 
transversely grooved before the base. Elytra moderately long, 
about twice as wide as the prothorax, gradually widening to a 
little beyond the middle and rapidly narrowing thence to the apex ; 
deeply striate, the stride with oval, coars3 punctures, the sutural stria 
very deeply impressed ; the interstices smooth and convex. 

32 Mr. G, C. Champion on the Ileteromeroiis Coleoptera 

$ . Anterior tibise armed with a sharp triangular tooth on the 
inner side a little beyond the middle. 

Length G-6^, breadth 2^-2^ mm. ( ^ $ .) 

Hah. St. Vincent; Grenada — Balthazar^ and Chantilly 
Estate, on the Windward side. 

Six specimens. Allied to T. guadeloupensis, Fleut. and 
Salle (the types, ?, of which are before me), but entirely 
ferruginous in colour, the thorax with a rather deep trans- 
verse groove before the base, the antennae with joints 
8-10 more strongly transverse. From T. suhexaratus, 
Miikl., from Central and South America, it may be known 
by its more robust build, more oval elytra, and ferrugi- 
nous colour, and also in having the tooth on the anterior 
tibiae placed nearer the middle in the males, the tooth ou 
the intermediate pair being obsolete. Beaten from vines 
and brush ; also attracted to " light " (Smith). 

Talanus l^evicollis, n. sp. 
Elongate, subparallel, convex, subopaque ; black, piceous, or 
fuscous, the legs reddish-brown in light-coloured examples, the 
antennae and palpi ferruginous. Head sparsely, very minutely 
punctate, deeply transversely grooved in front ; antennai short, 
thickening outwardly, joints 8-10 transverse, wider than 7, 11 oval, 
stout. Prothorax a little longer than broad, the sides rounded in 
front and sinuate behind, sharply margined ; sparsely, minutely 
punctate, almost smooth at the sides, and Avith a short oblique 
groove on either side of the middle before the base. Elytra 
moderately elongate, one-half wider than the prothorax, subparalkd 
to about the middle and rapidly narrowing thence to the apex ; 
sharply punctate-striate, the striaa with oval rather coarse punctures 
which become finer towards the apex, the sutural stria very deeply 
impressed ; the interstices smooth and feebly convex. 

^ . The tibia3 each armed with a short triangular tooth on the 
inner side near the apex. 

Length 5^7^, breadth lh-2^ mm. (<??.) 

nah. St. Vincent; Grenada — Balthazar, and Chantilly 
Estate on the Windward side, Windsor. 

Numerous examples of both sexes. This species 
differs from all the allied forms in its dull, and sparsely, 
minutely punctured thorax. Beaten from vines, bushe.s, 
and dry banana leaves (Smith). 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and tJie (h-enadines. 33 


Lohopoda, Solier^ Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1835, p. 23o. 

Lobopoda insularis, n. sp. (Plate I., figg- 10, $ ; 10a, 

$. Elongate, rather broad, black, shining, clothed with 
scattered hairs ; the tibi« pitchy-brown, the tarsi ferruginous : 
the antennae ferruginous, with the five basal joints partly piceous. 
Head sparsely, finely punctate ; the eyes very large, approximate 
in front ; antenna; about half the length of the body. Prothorax 
strongly transverse, a little narrowed in front, the sides rounded 
anteriorly and almost parallel behind ; the surface sparselj^, finely 
punctate, obsoletely canaliculate down the middle, ti'ansversely 
depressed in the centre before the base, and with deep basal foveas. 
Elytra elongate, a little wider than the prothorax, gradually nar- 
rowing from about the middle to the apex, the apices rounded ; 
deeply crenate-striate, the punctures moderately coarse ; the 
interstices feebly convex, rery sparsely, finely punctate. Legs 
elongate ; tibiae roughly punctured, the anterior pair gradually 
widened on the inner side to a little beyond the middle, and 
then abruptly narrowed and concave to the apex (appearing 
broadly subangularly dilated), the hind pair slightly curved ; 
anterior tarsi with joints 1-4, and the intermediate tarsi with 
joint 4, broadly lobed beneath. Genitalia : the lateral lobes 
slender and moderately long, curved inwards, slightly tapering at 
the tip, and fringed with loug hairs beneath ; the central sheath 
very long and stout, abruptly narrowed at some distance before 
the apex, the apex truncate. Length 9|, breadth 3^ mm. 

Hah. Grenadines — Mustique I. 

One specimen. More elongate and more parallel than 
L. tarsalis, Fleut. and Salle, from Guadeloupe Island, the 
thorax more sparsely punctured, more shining, and dis- 
tinctly narrower than the elytra. The anterior tarsi have 
the four basal joints lobed beneath. Amongst the 
Central- American species it perhaps approaches nearest 
to L. ohlonga from Yucatan. 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 189G. — PART I. (MARCn.) 3 

8i Mr. G. C. Cbampion 07i the Heteromerous Coleo2'>tera 

Lohnpoda rhenina, n. sp. (Plato I., fig. 11, S, genitalia.) 

<?. Elongate, somewhat fusiform, convex, deep black, very 
shining, clothed with a few scattered hairs; the palpi and tarsi, 
the apical joint of the antennfc, and the apices of the preceding 
joints, ferruginous. Head sparsely, finely punctate ; the eyes very 
large, approximate in front ; antennge about half the length of the 
body. Prothoi'ax strongly transverse, a little narrowed in front, 
the sides rounded anteriorly and almost parallel behind ; the sur- 
face very sparsely and somewhat coarsely punctate, transversely 
depressed in the middle before the base, and with the basal foveas 
sharply defined. Elytra not wider than the prothorax, moderately 
elongate, rapidly narrowing from about the middle, and rounded 
at the apex ; coarsely and deeply crenate-striate, the punctures 
closely placed ; the interstices convex, sparsely, finely punctate. 
Legs rather short ; anterior and intermediate tarsi stout, with 
joints 1-4 broadly lobed beneath ; anterior tibias sub-triangularly 
widened on the inner side before the middle. Genitalia ; the 
lateral lobes moderately long, rather narrow, and abruptly curved 
inwards at the apex, the apices obtuse ; the central sheath 
gradually narrowing outwards. Length 8^, breadth 3 mm. 

Hah. Grenada — Soubise, on the Windward side. 

One abraded specimen. Amongst tlie numerous 
Central-American species of Lohopoda described by 
myself, L. ehenina is perhaps nearest allied to L. 
fristiii ; but it is much smaller and more shining, with 
less elongate limbs, the thorax almost parallel behind, 
and the genitalia in the male very differently formed. 
In the shore-woods (vSmith). 


Lystronichvs, Latreille, Eegne Anim., 2nd edit., v., 

p. 41 (1829). 
Lystronycltus, Lacordaire, Gen. Col., v., p. 514. 

Lystronychus tuherculifer, n. sp. 

Oval, convex, slightly shining, dark bronze ; the elytra obscure 
reddish-brown with an aeneous lustre, with a transverse rufous 
patch on the outer part of the disc — in one specimen reduced to a 
marginal spot — a little below the base ; the antennse cyaneous ; the 
uppsr surface with widely scattered, long, erect, bristly, black 

of Sf. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadine.'^. 35 

hairs, which are serially arraiigcl on the elytra. Head densely, 
rugosely punctured ; the eyes coarsely granulated, rather large, 
separated by a space not equalling the width of one of the eyes as 
seen from above ; antennjc scarcely half the length of the body, 
the joints from the fourth compressed, becoming much broader 
outwards, 3 shorter than 4, 7-10 about as broad as long. Prothorax 
transversely convex, nearly one-hrdf broader than long, bisinuate at 
the base, rounded at the sides, the latter armed with two blunt 
teeth before the middle and two acute teeth behind the middle, 
and strongly constricted behind, the hind angles acute ; the 
surface closely, rather coarsely punctate. Elytra much wider than, 
and about three and one-half times the length of, the prothorax, 
rapidly narrowing from a little beyond the middle ; rather finely 
seriate-punctate, the punctures closely placed ; the interstices flat, 
the alternate ones each with a row of scattered tubercular eleva- 
tions, the others also with two or three similar elevations towards 
the apex, and a few widely scattered serially arranged punctures, 
the elevations each followed by a setiferous puncture. Length 
7^-8, breadth Sy mm. 

Hah. Grenada — Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

Two specimens, both attracted to "light." In the form 
of the head and thorax this insect approaches L. {Anxdus) 
delavneyi, Fleut. and Salle, from Guadeloupe Island ; but 
the anteunfe (instead of being subfiliform) have the joints 
from the fourth compressed and widened. L. scapularis. 
Champ., from Central America, is also aii allied species. 
The form of the antennje resembles that of Xystrojjus, 
except that the third joint is shorter (not longer) than 
the fourth. 

Lystfonijchus rufonotatns, n. sp. 

Oblong oval, broad, subopaque, piceous, with a faint aneoua 
lustre, the elytra with an interrupted transverse rufous patch on 
the outer part of the disc a little below the base, the legs reddish- 
brown, the antennas with joints 5-11 cyaneous ; the upper surface 
with widely scattered, long, erect, black, bristly hairs, which are 
serially arranged on the elytra. Head densely, rugosely punctured ; 
the eyes coarsely granulated, rather large, separated by a space 
equalling the width of one of the eyes as seen from above ; 
antennJE scarcely half the length of the body, the joints from the- 
fourth compressed, becoming broader outwards, 3 shorter than 4, 
5-10 a little longer than broad. Prothorax transversely convex, 

3(5 Mr. G. C. Champion o)i ihe Heteromerous Ooleoptera 

much broader than long, bisinuate at the base, rounded at the 
sides, the latter strongly constricted behind, and armed with four 
short blunt teeth, the hind angles acute ; the surface densely, 
rather coarsely punctate. Elytra one-half wider than, aild nearly 
four times the length of, the prothorax, subparallel to the middle, 
and rapidly narrowing thence to the apex ; rather finely seriate- 
punctate, the punctures closely placed ; the interstices flat, each 
with a series of slightly finer, more scattered punctures, the alter- 
nate ones also with a series of widely separated tubei'cular 
elevations. Length 9, breadth 3^ mm. 

Hab. St. Vincent — Chateaubelais. 

One specimen. Larger, duller, and more elongate than 
L. tuherculifer ; the antennae less dilated, and with joints 
5-10 longer than broad ; the thorax more densely punc- 
tured, with the marginal teeth more obtnse ; the elytral 
interstices each side with a row of punctures extending 
from the base to the apex, the tubercular elevations fewer 
in number and less raised. 



Statira, Lepel. de St. Fargeau et Serville, Encycl. 
Meth., X., p. 479 (1825). 

Statira antillarum, n. sp. 

Moderately elongate, shining, piceous, the head and prothorax 
sometimes pitchy-red, the basal half of the femora rufo-testaceous, 
the tarsi brownish. Head almost smooth ; the eyes large, coarsely 
granulated, separated by a space nearly equalling the width of one 
of the eyes as seeu from above ; autennjB scarcely half the length 
of the body, the apical joint nearly as long as joints 6-10 united, 
very little shorter in the female. Prothorax as long as broad, 
rounded at the sides, almost smooth. Elytra moderately elongate, 
a little more than twice the width of the prothorax, gradually 
widening to the middle and rapidly narrowing thence to the 
apex, the apices sharp and divaricate ; finely punctate-striate, the 
punctures closely placed ; the interstices rather convex, the first, 
third, fifth, seventh, and ninth each with about ten or twelve deep 
setiferous punctures, the setiie very long and erect. Tibije sulcate 
on their outer edge. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the (rrenadines. 37 

Var. Rufo-feiTuginous or rufo-testaceous ; the legs brown or 
obscure testaceous, with the basal half of the femora testaceous. 
Length 6^-7f-, breadth 2{-2 J mm. ( ^ ? .) 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward and Windward sides ; 
Grenada — Mount Gay and Vendome Estates, on the 
Leeward side, Balthazar, on the Windward side; Grena- 
dines — Mustique I. 

Numerous specimens of the dark form from Grenada 
and Mustique; two of the pale variety from St. Vincent. 
A-llied to 8. asperata, Champ., from the Isthmus of 
Panama ; but with a shorter apical joint to the antennas 
in the male, the femora with their basal half pale, and 
the elytra more deeply punctate-striate, the setiferous 
impressions not preceded by a tubercle. The setiferous 
punctures vary in number and position. S./nlva, Fleut. 
and Salle, from Guadeloupe I., has ungrooved tibiae, and 
also differs in other respects from the present insect. 
Beaten from vines, herbage, etc. ; also attracted to 
"light'' (Smith). 

Statira vittata, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 9, $ ) 

Moderately elongate, faintly shining ; testaceous, the eyes and 
the elytra black, the latter each with a very broad, slightly oblique, 
flavo-testaceous stripe on the disc— extending from the base to near 
the apex, and nearly or quite reaching the suture behind. Head 
almost smooth ; the eyes large, coarsely granulated, separated by a 
space nearly equalling the width of one of the eyes as seen from 
above ; antennae moderately long in the male, a little shorter iu 
the female, the apical joint in both sexes slightly longer than 9 and 
10 united. Pro thorax a little wider than the head, as broad as 
long, rounded at the sides, sharply margined at the base, and with 
acute hind angles ; the surface with a few scattered very minute 
punctures. Elytra moderately elongate, rapidly narrowing from a 
little beyond the middle ; finely punctate-striate, the punctures 
closely placed ; the interstices rather convex, the third with about 
eight, the fifth with three or four, the seventh with one (at the 
shoulder), and the ninth with three or four (towards the apex), 
petiferous punctures. Length 6|-8:[, breadth 2-2i mm. ( ^ $ .) 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side ; Gi'enadines — 
Mustique L 

38 Mr. G. C. Champioa on the Heteromerous Coleoptora 

Numerous examples. Allied to S. conspicillata and 
S. pulchella, Miikl., from Central America, but very 
differently coloured. The thorax is without marginal 
carina, and the tibit\3 are ungrooved on their outer edge. 
There is very little difference in the form of the antenna3 
in the sexes, those of the female being merely a little 



Sosthcnes, Champion, Biol, Centr.-Am., Col., iv, 2, 
p. 106 (1889). 

Sosthenes parvulus, n. sp. 

Moderately elongate, rather depressed, very shining, glabrous ; 
greenish-feneous, the humeri indeterminately brownish, the 
labrum, oral organs, legs, and antennae testaceous, the latter with 
the apical three joints piceous. Head very broad and short, 
sparsely, finely punctate ; the eyes prominent, coarsely granulated ; 
antennfe short, scarcely reaching the base of the prothorax, slender, 
the apical three joints widened and forming a loose club, 9 and 10 
transverse. Prothorax as wide as the head including the eyes, 
transversely cordate, much narrower at the base than at the apex ; 
somewhat coarsely and moderately closely punctate, the punctures 
becoming coarser and more crowded at the sides. Elytra a little 
more than twice the length of the prothorax, and slightly wider 
than it, truncate in front, subparallel to the middle and arcuately 
narrowing thence to the apex, deeply transversely depressed below 
the base, the basal portion, except along the suture, appearing 
transversely swollen ; finely punctate to a little beyond the middle, 
the punctuation close and confusedly arranged near the suture, 
becoming denser at the base, scattered and subseriately arranged 
towards the sides, and completely obsolete on the declivous apical 
portion. Beneath with scattered punctures on the abdomen and 
metasternum, those on the latter coarse, the prosternum and pro- 
pleurae very coarsely punctured. Length li mm. 

Hab. Grenada — Grand Etang, on the Windward side, 
1,900 feet. 

A single specimen. In its structural characters this 
minute species agrees with the type of the genus, 
S. dychirioides, Champ., from Guatemala, from which it 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 39 

differs in its depressed fornix more prominent eyes, more 
slender antennae, etc. The elytra have a deep transverse 
depression below the base, as in various species of 
Salpingus, Anthicus, etc. An allied undescribed form 
from Guadeloupe is contained in the collection of 
M. Fleutiaux of Paris. Beaten from bushes in the 
forest (Smith). 



Oxacis, Leconte, New Sp. Col, p. 165 (April, 1866). 
Hypasclera, Kirsch, Berl, ent. Zeitschr,, xxx., p. 210 
(July, 1866). 

Oxacis simplex. 

Copidita simplex, C. 0. Waterh., Trans. Ent. Soc. 
Lond., 1878, p. 308. 

Hah. St. Vincent — Windward side ; Grenadines — 
]\Justique I. 

Six examples. 'J'he punctuation of the upper surface 
is exceedingly fine and close, and the pubescence is fine 
and silky. The claws are angularly dilated within. The 
lefc mandible is pointed at the tip, and the right mandible 
is toothed on the upper side before the apex. The 
antennae vsLvy in colour from testaceous to piceous, the 
two basal joints being always pale. Specimens of this 
species have also been collected in the island of Antigua, 
by the Rev. T. A. Marshall. The type was from 
St. Bartholomew. 

Oxacis antillarum, u. sp. 
Moderately elongate, rathei- broad, shining ; testaceous, the head 
with a broad stripe down the middle, the prothorax with a median 
line, not reaching the base or apex, and the tips of the mandibles, 
piceous, the ej-es black ; the antenna) f usee -testaceous, the two 
basal joints flavous ; the elytra fusco-piceous with a bluish lustre, 
with a broad sutural stripe, abruptly narrowed at the base, and the 
lateral margin very narrowly, flavous ; the abdomen in great part 
piceous, testaceous at the base : above and beneath rather sparsely 
clothed with fine yellowish-cinereous pubescence. Head thickly 

k) Mr. G. C. Champion o//, the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

punctured, the eyes very large ; (antennas with joints 6-11 broken 
off). Pro thorax wider than the head, subcordate, closely and 
rather coarsely punctate, with a longitudinal median carina 
towards the apex, this being replaced behind by a smooth narrow 
space, the disc depressed on either side before the middle. Elytra 
moderately long, one-half wider than the pro thorax, closely and 
finely punctate, and with two faint costai on the disc. Legs stout ; 
claws angularly dilated within. Length tl j, breadth '2^ mm. ( 9 .) 

Hah. St. Vincent — Chateaubelais. 

This insect resembles 0. simplecV in colour, except that 
the head is infuscate along the middle, and the thorax 
has a dark median line; it is, however, more shining and 
much more distinctly punctured, the punctures on the 
thorax being rather coarse, and the pubescence is coarser. 
The mandibles are long, slender, and simple, pointed at 
the tip. 


CojnrlUn, Leconte, New Sp. Col., p. 164 (1866) ; 
Leconte cS:- Horn, Class. Col. N. Am., p. 405. 

Copidlta costatu, n. sp. 

Elongate, rather broad, subopaque ; testaceous, the eyes and the 
tips of the mandibles black, the elytra with a broad submarginal 
pale brownish stripe extending from the base to the apex ; above 
and beneath finely pubescent. Head thickly, finely punctate ; 
(antenniB broken ofi:\ Prothorax slightly wider than the head, 
subcordate, about as broad as long, closely, finely, very distinctly 
punctate, the disc flattened in the centre before the base, and also 
depressed on either side before the middle. Elytra moderately 
elongate, nearly twice as wide as the prothorax, closely, shallowly, 
very finely punctate, and with four well-defined costae— the third 
abbreviated in front and behind, and the second and fourth almost 
confluent behind — the suture also raised and costiform. Legs 
stout. Length 10^, breadth 2f mm. ( $ .) 

Hah. ? St. Vincent. 

A single mutilated example of this species is contained 
in Mr. Smithes Antillean collections. It is, unfortunately, 
not labelled with the exact locality, but is probably from 
his first collection made at St. Vincent. The elytral 
costae are unusually well-defined. The left mandible is 
truncate and scarcely emarginate ; the right mandible is 
bifid at the tip. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 41 

Gopidita lateralis. 

Copidita lateralis, C. 0. Waterh., Trans. Ent. Soc. 
Lond., 1878, p. 307. 

Hab. Grenada — Mount Gay Estate, on the Leeward 
side ; Grenadines — Mustique I. 

One specfmen from each locality. The insect was 
described originally from San Domingo and Jamaica. 
Attracted to "light'' (Smith). 

Copidita. tenella. 

Gopidita tenella, C. 0. Waterh., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 
1878, p. 307. 

Hab. St. Vincent — Windwai^d side. 
One specimen. Described from the island of 
St. Thomas. The mandibles are feebly bifid at the tip. 

Gopidita quadrilineata, n. sp. (Plate T., fig. 12.) 

Moderately elongate, rather narrow, subopaque ; pale flavous, 
the eyes black ; the elytra slate-coloured, with the sutural and 
lateral margins, the first costa from a little below the base to near 
the middle, and the second costa from the base to near the apex, 
flavous ; the antennae black, with the basal joint obscure testaceous, 
the palpi and the tips of the mandibles fuscous, the legs pale 
flavous, with the tarsi and the apices of the tibi« inf uscate ; above 
and beneath rather sparsely clothed with fine yellowish-cinereous 
pubescence. Head thickly punctured ; antennas more than half the 
length of the body. Prothorax longer than broad, subcordate, 
parallel behind, the anterior part as wide as the head, closely, very 
finely punctate, the disc depressed in the middle at the base and 
also on either side anteriorly. Elytra moderately elongate, more 
than one-half wider than the prothorax, densely, subrugosely 
punctured, and with three distinct costse — two on the disc and one 
close to the lateral margin, the latter rather prominent. Legs 
rather stout. Length 7, breadth 1-| mm. 

Hab. St. Vincent. 

One specimen only, probably a male, of this well- 
marked species has been received. The two outer costee 
of the elytra are more distinct than in the allied forms, 
G. frontalis, etc. The thorax is somewhat abruptly 
narrowed about the middle and parallel thence to the 
base, the anterior half being rounded at the sides. 

42 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

Copidita frontalis, n. ?p. (Plate I., fig. 13.) 

Moderately elongate, narrow, tbe head and prothorax shining, the 
elytra opaque ; brownish-black, the anterior half of the head, the 
prothorax, and the sutural and lateral margins of the elytra to near 
the apex, the former rather broadly, flavous or flavo-testaceous ; the 
legs flavo-testaceous, tbe tarsi, the base of the first joint excepted, 
and the apices of the tibia), infuscate ; the antennro black, with the 
base of the first joint testaceous ; finely pubescent, the pubescence 
partaking cf the ground colour. Head closely, very finely punctate ; 
antennse more than half the length of the body. Prothorax sub- 
cordate, longer than broad, a little narrower than the head, closely, 
very finely punctate ; the disc depressed on either side before the 
middle, and flattened iu the centre before the base. Elytra 
moderately elongate, nearly twice the width of the prothorax, 
densely, subrugosely punctured, and with indications of three faiut 
costse on the disc. Legs moderately slender. Length 6, breadth 
1^ mm. 

Hah. St. Vinceiu — Leeward and Windward sides. 

Two examples, probably males. The sutural and 
lateral margins of the elytra are of a paler yellow than 
the prothorax. 

Cujndita grenadeusiK, n. sp. 

]\Ioderate]y elongate, narrow, the head and prothorax sbiuing, 
the elytra opaque ; black, the anterior half of the head, the front 
coxae, the prothorax, and the sutural and lateral margins of the 
elytra to near the apex, very narrowly, flavous ; finely pubescent, 
the pubescence partaking of the ground colour. Head com- 
paratively short, closely, finely punctate ; anteunaj rather slender, 
a little more than half the length of the bod}'. Prothorax 
scarcely narrower than the head, about as long as broad, sub- 
cordate, slightly depressed on either side of the disc before the 
middle, closely, finely punctate, smoother in the centre. Elytra 
moderately elongate, one-half wider than the prothorax, densely, 
subrugosely punctured, with indications of three faint costse on the 
disc, the inner one short. Legs slender. Length 5^, breadth l|mm. 

Hah. Grenada — Mount Gay Estate, on the Leeward 

One specimeOj pi'obably a male. This small species 
is allied to 0. frontalis, but differs from it in having the 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 43 

legs black and more sleuder, the thorax shorter, wider, 
and less densely punctured. Found on the wing at sun- 
set (Smith). 



Xylophilus, Latreille, Fam. Nat. du Regno Anim., 
p. 383 (1825). 

This genus has not hitherto been recorded from the 
Antilles or South America. 

Xylophilus trifasciatns. 

Xylopliiliis trifasciatns, Champ., Biol. Centr.-Am., 
Col., iv'., 2; p. 171, t. 8, fig. 4. 

Hah. Grenada— St. George's, on the Leeward side. 

One female specimen, diflTering from those from Central 
Amei'ica in haviog the two basal joints only of the antennae 

Xy lopliilus {Bqtiinodialis. 

Xylophilus lequinoctialis, Champ., loc. clt., p. 180, t. 8, 
fig. 15. 

Hah. St. Vincent — Balthazar, on the Windward side, 
St. John's Eiver, on the Leeward side. 

Numerous examples. Apparently a widely distributed 
Tropical-American insect, ranging from the Mexican 
State of Vera Cruz to Panama, and probably further 
south. Beaten from bushes, also fiying (Smith). 

Xylophilus nigricollis, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 14, c^.*) 

^ . Oval, rather narrow, moderately convex, shining ; the head 
and prothorax black ; the elytra testaceous, with a rr.ther broad 
black median fascia , which is widened outwards and extends for- 
wards along the lateral margin, the fascia in one specimen inter- 
rupted at the suture, the suture itself narrowly infuscate ; the 
antennae testaceous, with the basal joint piceous ; the legs testaceous, 

'■■ The minute penultimate tarsal joint cannot be shown in the 
figures of this and the following species. 

44 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerons Coleoptera 

the hind femora in great part piceous ; the upper surface sparsely 
clothed with rather long, decumbent, yellowish-cinereous hairs. 
Head broad, sparsely, finely punctate, very narrowly extended on 
either side behind the eyes ; the latter large, coarsely granulated, 
and very narrowly separated in front ; the antennae moderately 
long, rather stout, joint 1 elongate, 2 short, transverse, 3-10 gradu- 
ally decreasing in length and increasing in width, 3 twice as long as 
2, 9 and 10 about as broad as long, 11 long and stout, obliquely 
truncate and acuminate at the apex. Prothorax subquadrate, a 
little narrowed in front, slightly broader than long, narrower than 
the head, thickly, moderately finely punctate. Elytra short, oval, 
nearly twice as wide as the prothorax, thickly, somewhat coarsely 
punctate. Legs rather stout, the hind femora strongly clavate, 
the anterior tibi» bowed inwaixls towards the apex. Length 2-2^, 
breadth ^ mm. 

Hab. Grenada — Mount Gay Estate, on the Windward 

Two males. Allied to the Central-American X. cindl' 
pe?i?itsand X. chiriqiiensis, Champ., but with shorter and 
less parallel elytra, differently formed antennas, etc. On 
bushes, also flying (Smith). 

Xylojyhilus guttatiis, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 15.) 

Short and broad, convex, dull ; the head piceous or black ; the 
prothorax ferruginous, with a transverse dark brown fascia across 
the middle, sometimes divided into three spots ; the elytra testa- 
ceous or f errugineo-testaceous, with a common transverse patch at 
the base, sometimes divided at the suture, a spot on the outer part 
of the disc a little lower down, the sides ia front, an angulated 
fascia about the middle, and a transverse mark on the outer part of 
the disc near the apex, dark brown ; the antennte aud legs flavo- 
testaceous, the hind femora infuscate ; the under surface f usco- 
ferruginous ; the upper surface closely, finely punctate, and thickly 
clothed with a fine, sericeous pubescence, which is whitish on the 
head and scutellum, and on the light-coloured portions of the pro- 
thorax and elytra, and brown on the other parts ; the under surface 
also closely punctured and clothed with whitisli pubescence. Head 
short and broad ; the eyes large, occupying the whole of the side of 
the head, rather coarsely granulated, narrowly separated in front in 
the. male, a little more distant in the female; antenjise-^( c? ) 
■moderately long, slender, filiform, joints 1 and 2 stout, subequal, 
.3-10 about equal in length, 8 slightly longer than 2, 1 1 stout, much 

of St. Vincent, drenada, and the (jrrenadines. 45 

longer than 10, obliquely truncate at the apex — ( 5 ) shorter and 
with joints G-10 gradually increasing in width, U and 10 about as 
broad as long. Prothorax transverse, nearly as wide as the head, 
with a shallow transverse groove on either side of the disc about the 
middle. Elytra nearly twice as wide as the prothorax, and about 
twice as long as broad, narrowing from the middle, and very 
obtuse behind, without distinct depressions. Legs rather short, 
the hind femora stout ; similar in both sexes. Length l^-lf, 
breadth |-| mm. ( c^ ? .) 

Hab. St. Vincent — Leeward and Windward sides; 
Grenada — Chantilly Estate. 

Twelve specimens, most of which ai-e in a bad state 
of preservation. The description is taken from the 
St. Vincent examples. The two from Grenada are in a 
mutilated condition, and one of them has the dark mark- 
ings much more extended and confluent, so as to leave 
some small whitish-pubescent spots only on the elytra. 
This peculiar little species is allied to X. latlcolUs, 
Champ., and other Mexican forms. Beaten from herbage 
in scrubby forest (Smith). 


Macratiia, Newman, Ent. Mag., v., p. 377 (1838). 

Macratria femoralis, n. sp. (Plate I., fig. 16, S .) 

Elongate, subparallel, shining, brown or reddish-brown, the 
prothorax piceous in one example ; the head ferruginous, testa- 
ceous in front, the eyes black, the antenufe and legs testaceous, 
the posterior femora with a large black spot on the inner face near 
the apex ; beneath piceous or brown, the last two ventral segments 
ferruginous ; the upper surface thickly clothed with rather long 
fine decumbent yellowish-cinereous hairs, with scattered inter- 
mixed long erect hairs, the under surface also thickly pubescent. 
Head thickly, very minutely punctate; the eyes large, converging 
in front ; antennae slender, moderately long, joints 3-8 equal in 
length, 9-11 much longer and stouter. Prothorax longer than 
broad, narrowing behind and dilated at the base, densely, finely 
punctate. Elytra about two and one-half times the length of, and 

40 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Hfterowcroua Coleoptpra 

a little wider than, the pi'othorax, broader in the female, parallel 
to beyond the middle, and conjointly rounded at the apex ; closely, 
finely, confusedly punctate, and with a fine sutural stria. Beneath 
densely, very finely punctate. 

$ . Fifth ventral segment broadly and deeply excavate in the 
middle, the excavation extending from the base to the apew 

Length 3J-4i, breadth 1-li mm. ((??.) 

Hah. St. Vincent — Windward side, alt. 1,000 feet. 

One pail'. This species is more parallel and has a 
relatively wider thorax than most of the American forms 
known to me ; there is no trace of a linear arrangement 
of the punctures on the elytra; the hind femora have a 
conspicuous black spot near the apex. The genitalia of 
the male are exposed ; and from the apex of the abdomen 
there projects a very large, broad, spoon-shaped, mem- 
branous piece — apparently a modified terminal dorsal 
segment, wider than the apex of the abdomen — which 
is furnished with two long seta3 at the apex. Under 
rubbish on the banks of a stream in the forest (Smith). 

AuthicH.o, Paykull, Fauna Suecica, i., p. 2oo (1798). 

Antlilcns sulcipcnnis, n. sp. 

Moderately elongate, convex, black or pitchy-black ; the autennte 
testaceous, with the apical four joints, and sometimes the base of 
the first also, black ; the elytra with two oblique testaceous fasciae 
— one before, the other beyond the middle, the anterior one 
widening outwards, neither reaching the suture ; the legs pitch}-- 
black, the and the base of the femora testaceous ; the head 
and prothorax dull, the elytra shining, the upper surface clothed 
with a few short fine scattered hairs. Head rather large, convex, 
suborbicular, finely scabrous ; the eyes large and prominent 
antennae moderately long, thickening outwardly, the penultimate 
joint transverse. Prothorax longer than broad, much narrower 
than the head, strongly constricted and compressed behind the 
middle, parallel towards the base, the anterior portion globose ; 
the surface scabi-ous and very iiuely punctured. Elytra rather 
short, twice as wide as the prothorax, gradually widening to the 
middle, very deeply transversely grooved below the base, the space 
in front of this transversely swollen, except at the suture ; the 

of f^t. Vinrent, Grenada, and the (h-cnadinps. 47 

surface very finely, rather sparsely punctate. Legs slender, the 
femora moderately thickened. Length '2:f-2g^, breadth f mm. 

Hah. Grenada — Mount Gay Estate, on the Leewanl 



Four specimen?. Allied to A. gihhicollis and A. alhl- 
cinctus, La Ferte, and A. clavicornis, Champ., but 
differing from all these in its finely scabrous head and 
thorax, and in having an additional fascia on the elytra. 
The pubescence is sparse and easily abraded. The post- 
median fascia extends obliquely upwards and the ante- 
median one slightly downwards, but they do not nearly 
reach the suture. On bushes in open places (Smith). 

Anthicus trifasciat us. 

Anthicus trifascialus, Fabr., Syst. Eleuth., i., p. 291 ; 
La Ferte, Monogr. Anthic, p. 139; Fleut. et 
Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1889, p. 432. 

Hah. St. Vincent; Grenada; Grenadines — Mustique 1. 

Found in abundance by Mr. Smith in various parts of 
St. Vincent and Grenada, and also sparingly at Mustique 
Island. Recorded by La Ferte from St. Thomas, and by 
Fleutiaux and Salic from Guadeloupe. I have also seen 
it from Trinidad. The markings are frequently indis- 
tinct or partly obliterated. In fresh examples the elytra 
are clothed with scattered, long, erect hairs. Shaken 
from heaps of decaying weeds in cacao-orchards, etc. 

Anthicus ji oralis. 

Anthicus floralis (Payk.), La Ferte, Monogr. Anthic, 

p. 150. 
Anthicus basillaris, Say, Journ. Acad. Phil., iii., p. 279 ; 

Quedenf., Berl. ent. Zeitschr., 1886, p. 122. 
Hemantus floralis, Casey, Ann. N. York Acad., viii., 

p. 683 (1895). 

Hah. Grenada — Mount Gay Estate, on the Leeward 
side, Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

Numerous examples of this cosmopolitan insect were 
obtained by Mr. Smith. Recorded from Guadeloupe by 

48 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Goleojitcra 

La Ferte, and from Puerto Rico by Quedenfeldt. It is 
omitted from MM. Fleutiaux and Salle's list of tlie Coleo- 
ptera of Guadeloupe. This insect has recently been 
taken by Capt. Casey '{loc. cit.) as the type of a new 
genus, Hemantus. One of the characters given for it 
m his Table of genera (Joe. cit., p. 641) is taken from the 
form of the mesosternum, which he describes as " variable 
in extent, becoming subgeneric in weight " : I con- 
fess I am quite unable to grasp the meaning of such a 

Ant hi CMS grenadensis, n. sp. 

Elongate, depressed, shining, sparsely pubescent ; testaceous, 
the elytra piceous or pitchy-black, each with a broad transverse 
fascia a little below the base and a large ante-apical spot, neither 
reaching the suture, testaceous ; the antennas sometimes with the 
outer joints slightly infuscate, the eleventh pale. Head lai'ge, 
subtriangular, with a few scattered punctures at the sides, the 
occiput grooved in the middle ; the eyes moderately large and 
coarsely granulated ; antennas moderately elongate, rather slender. 
Prothorax as long as broad, a little narrower than the head, the 
sides obliquely converging from about one-third from the apex, 
rounded in front, and slightly dilated at the base ; the surface 
sparsely punctured, canaliculate down the middle, the channel- 
deeply excavate towards tlie base, the base grooved on either side. 
Elytra moderately elongate, about twice as wide as the prothorax, 
feebly rounded at the sides, depressed, finely and somewhat thickly 
punctate. Length 2|-3, breadth ^1 mm. 

Hah. Grenada — Granville, Windward side. 

Four specimens. Allied to A. currax, Champ., from 
Eastern Mexico ; but much more shining, the thorax 
deeply grooved down the middle behind and sparsely 
jumctured, the eyes smaller, etc. Under rubbish on the 
bandy sea-shore (Smith). 



Mordella, Linneeus, Syst. Nat., 10th edit., i., p. 420 


Mordella sexguttata, n. sp. 

Comparatively short ; testaceous, the eyes black, the prothorax 
with an oval piceous mark on the middle of the disc extending to 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 49 

near the base, the elytra brownish or piceous, becoming indetermin- 
ately paler on the disc towards the base ; the under surface with 
the sides of the metasternum and of the hind coxas broadly, and 
the first four ventral segments in great part, piceous, or rufo-testa- 
ceous, with the second and third ventral segments only in part 
piceous ; the pygidium in the middle, and the extreme apex of the 
hind tibiae and also that of the first three hind tarsal joints, infus- 
cate or black ; the elytra each with a small rounded spot near the 
suture a little below the base, a smaller one lower down at the 
side, a broad transverse sublunate mark at one-third from the apex, 
and an indistinct apical patch (visible only in certain lights), 
cinereo-pubescent, the rest of the pubescence of the upper surface 
fulvous, that of the under surface fulvous or yellowish-cinereous. 
Antennae slender, rather short, joint 3 very small, much shorter 
than 2 or 4. Elytra rather short, gradually narrowing from the 
base. Pygidium very elongate, slender. Length to end of the 
elytra, 2^ mm. ($.) 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side; Grenada — Bal- 
thazar, on tlie Windward side. 

Two specimens, one of which is without head and 
thorax. This pretty little species is allied to the Central- 
American M. flavonotata, M. nigromaculata, Champ., etc. 
The spots are entirely due to the colour of the pubescence. 
The hind tibias have a single short subapical ridge, as 
usual in Mordella. 


Conalia, Mulsant, Ann. Sci. Nat. Lyon, 1858, p. 313 ; 
Opusc.Ent., ix., p. 55 ; Emery, Essai Mon. Mord., 
p. 73; Champion, Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 2, 
p. 306. 

Conalia ehenina. 

Conalia ehenina, Champ., loc. cit., p. 306, t. 13, 
figg. 20, 20a-c. 

Bah. St. Vincent — Leeward side; Grenadines — 
Mustique I. 

TEANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART I. (MARCH.) 4 

50 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

Found in plenty in St. Vincent. The insect is widely 
distributed in Central America. It is easily distinguish- 
able by the peculiar sculpture of the hind tibiae and tarsi 
{loc. cit., fig. 20c) and the extremely short pygidium. 

Conalia fulvoplagiata, n. sp. 

Short ; black, the elytra with an oblique fulvous humeral 
patch, the basal joints of the antennae f usco-testaceous, the hind 
tibial spurs flavous ; the pubescence brownish. Antennae short, 
joints 3 and 4 slender, short, equal, 5-11 considerably widened, 
7-10 transverse. Elytra gradually narrowing from a little below 
the base. Pygidium very short, not much longer than the hypo- 
pygium, and not extending beyond the apex of the elytra. 
Length, lf-2| mm. 

Hab. Grenada — Lake Antoine and Mount Gay Estates^ 
and St. George's, all on the Leeward side, and Grand 
Ance, at the south end. 

Eight specimens. The insect is perhaps nothing more 
than a colour-variety of C. ehenina, but as it seems to be 
confined to the island of Grenada, it is advisable to 
name it. 


Mordellistena, Costa, Faun. Eeg. Napol., Mordellid., 
pp. 16, 31 (1854). 

Mordellistena pallida, n. sp. 
Moderately elongate, narrow, rather dull ; testaceous, the eyes 
black, the elytra usually indeterminately brownish at the sides 
below the base, this colour sometimes extending inwards ; the 
extreme apex of the hind tibite, and also that of the first three hind 
tarsal joints, and the oblique ridges, black ; the pubescence fulvous. 
Antennae slender, moderately long, joints 3 and 4 short, equal. 
Elytra moderately elongate. Pygidium very elongate, slender. 
Hind tibiiE with three oblique ridges — two very short, near the 
apex, the other extending obliquely across their outer face from 
the middle to near the base ; first joint of the hind tarsi with three, 
the second joint with two, short oblique ridges. Length to end of 
the elytra, 2-2^ mm. ( ,J $ ). 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side, and Kingstown. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 51 

Eight specimens. I have also seen it from Guadeloupe, 
in the collection of M. Fleutiaux of Paris, and from 
Antigua, in the collection of the Rev. T. A. Marshall. 
The anterior tibi« are very slender in the males. The 
peculiar sculpture of the hind tibise is common to several 
of the Central- American species of the genus. The insect 
is nearest allied to M. luteola and M. isahellina, Champ., 
from both of which it differs in its much smaller size, 
shorter antennae, and shorter apical ridges of the hind 



Macrosiagon, Hentz, Trans. Am. Phil. Soc, iii., p. 462, 

t. 15, figg. 3a-d (1830). 
Emenadia, Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. Col., ii., p. 261 


Macrosiagon octomaculatus. 

Bhipiphorus octomaculatus, Gerst., Rhipiph. Col. Fam. 
Disp. Syst., p. 22 ; Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. 
Fr., 1889, p. 432.* 

Hah. St. Vincent — Leeward side, and Windward 

Five specimens. Recorded by MM. Fleutiaux and 
Salle from Guadeloupe. 


Bhipiphorus, Bosc d^ Antic, Journ. d^Hist. Nat., ii., 

p. 293 (1792). 
Myodes, Latreille, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., xxii., 

p. 130 (1818). 

Bhipidophorus (Myodes) sancti-vicentis, n, sp. 

9 . Black, finely pubescent ; the legs piceous, with the first 
joint of the tarsi testaceous at the base. Head densely, finely 
punctate, broadly concave and smoother in front, obliquely nar- 

* The synonymy is given by me elsewhere, cf. Biol. Centr.-Am., 
Col., iv., 2, p. 356. 

52 Mr. G. C. Champion o?i the Heteromerous Coleoptera 

rowed behind the eyes ; the vertex feebly longitudinally carinate 
in the middle ; antennae rather elongate, with seven long rami on 
the inner side, the rami decreasing in length outwards. Prothorax 
densely, finely punctate ; the posterior half of the disc transversely 
depressed, the depression limited on either side anteriorly by a 
smooth oblique ridge, in front of which is a smooth space. Elytra 
coriaceous, finely, shallowly punctate, the humeri smooth and 
shining. Abdomen, above and beneath, the first dorsal segment 
excepted, sparsely punctured. Metasternum densely punctured. 
Intermediate and hind tibiae bowed inwards ; the hind pair broadly 
compressed and roughly punctured, rounded externally. Hind 
tarsi with the basal joint slender and slightly curved, as long as the 
following joints united. Wings hyaline, smoky towards the apex, 
the costa piceous. Length 4 mm. 

Hah. St. Vincent. 

One specimen. This small species is allied to 
B. {Myodes) niger, C. 0. Waterh., from Central America; 
but differs from it in the flat, feebly carinate, vertex, the 
slender basal joint of the hind tarsi, and the finely and 
shallowly punctured elytra. The antennge are furnished 
with rami on the inner side only, and the specimen is 
no doubt a female. 



Horia, Fabricius, Mant. Ins., i., p. 164 (1787). 
Horia maculata. 

Cucujus maculatus, Swed. Vetensk. Ac. nya Handl., 

1787, p. 199, t. 8, fig. 8. 
Horia maculata, Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 

1889, p. 433; Champ., Biol. Centr.-Am., Col., iv., 

2, p. 371.* 

Hah. St. Vincent — southern end. 

One mutilated female specimen, found under a rotten 
log. A widely distributed Tropical-American insect, and 
stated to be parasitic on a species of the Hymenopterous 

* The full synonymy is given by me, loc. cit. 

of St. Vincent, Grenada, and the Grenadines. 53 

genus Xylocopa. Eecorded from the islands of San 
Domingo, Grande-Terre, Guadeloupe, and Barbados ; the 
Barbados insect, however, is probably referable to 
H. auriculata. Champ. 


Tetraonyx, Latreille, in Humb. et Bonpl., Obs. Zool., i., 
p. 160 (1811). 

Tetraonyx quadrimaculatus. 

Ajpalus quadrimaculatus, Fabr., Ent. Syst., i., 2, p. 50. 
Tetraonyx quadrimaculatus, Lee, Proc. Acad. Phil., vi., 

p. 344 ; Haag, Stett. ent. Zeit., 1879, p. 308 ; 

Fleut. et Salle, Ann. Soc. Ent, Fr., 1889, p. 433. 

Kab. St. Vincent — South end and Windward side ; 
Grenada — Mount Gay Estate, on the Leeward side. 

Three specimens. Also inhabits the Southern United 
States, and the islands of St. Thomas and Guadeloupe, but 
not yet recorded from Central America. 


Zonitis, Fabricius, Ent. Syst., p. 126 (1775). 

Zonitis lineata, n. sp. 
Elongate, broad, parallel, dull, finely pubescent ; luteous or 
flavo-luteous ; the eyes, the tips of the mandibles, the palpi, and 
antennae black, the latter with the extreme base of each joint 
testaceous ; the elytra variable in colour — fuscous or fusco-testa- 
ceous, with the sutural and lateral margins, the apex, and a line or 
stripe down the middle of the disc flavo-luteous— fusco-testaceous, 
with a darker patch at the base — flavo-luteous, with two spots at the 
base and a streak on the disc towards the apex fuscous— or entirely 
flavo-luteous ; the tips of the femora, and the tibife and tarsi, 
black or piceous. Head densely punctured, the punctures very 
■fine on the vertex, the interocular space with a few coarse scattered 
punctures only, a narrow space down the middle impunctate ; the 
eyes large, transverse, coarsely granulated, separated by a space 
about half the width of the eye as seen from above ; antennfe very 
elongate, slender, filiform, joints 2 and 3 subequal in length. 
Prothorax a little broader than long, as wide as the head, rapidly 

54 Mr. G. C. Champion on the Heteromerous Coleopfera. 

and obliquely narrowing from the middle forwards ; densely, finely 
punctate, a space along the middle more sparsely and more coarsely 
punctured. Elytra elongate, parallel, nearly twice as wide as the 
prothorax, obtuse at the apex ; densely, very finely punctate, 
sometimes with indications of one or two faintly raised lines on 
the disc. Beneath densely, very finely punctate. 

$ . Fifth ventral segment broadly and deeply emarginate at the 
apex, with a large and very deep triangular depression in the 
middle, the bottom of the depression smooth and shining. 
Length 14-16, breadth 4-5 mm. ( ,J $ .) 

Hah. Grenada — Balthazar, on the Windward side. 

Six specimens, all attracted to "light." Allied to 
Z. megalops, Champ., from Guatemala. 

Explanation of Plate I. 

Fig. 1. Ozolais tubercid/fera, ^ . 

2. Ctesicles hisularls, (^ . 

3. Crijptkus undatus. 

4. TJloma sulcata, ^. 

5. Platydema apicenotatam. 

6. Lorelus brevicornis. 

7. Lorelopsls pilosus. 

8. Mentes eeneopiceus, ^ . 

9. Statira vittata, ,^ . 

10. Lohopoda insukiris, (^ . 
10a. „ „ genitalia. 

11. „ ebenina, ^, genitalia. 

12. Copidita quadrilineata. 

13. ,, frontalis. 

14. Xylaphilus nigricolUs, ^ . 

15. ,, Quttatus. 

16. Macratriafemoralis, $. 

17. Menimopsis exccecus, 5 . 
17a. „ „ antenna. 

{ 55 ) 

II. New and little-known Palaearctic Perlidce. By Kenneth 
John Morton, F.E.S. 

[Read Dec. 4th, 1895.] 

Plate II. 

About a year ago I attempted a preliminary revision of 
the palaearctic species of the genus Nemoura, as a 
beginning in the direction of increasing our knowledge 
of the Perlidx. It was then my intention to take up the 
genus Leudra next, but the difficulty of getting materials 
in that genus has led me to postpone treatment of it. 
Additional material has, however, come to hand in 
other genera, and I now submit descriptions of several 
new species belonging to Nemoura, Tieniopteryx, and 

With regard to Tseniopteryx, as the description of the 
new species will include comparative references to T. tri- 
fasciata, it will, with the addition of appropriate figures, 
serve to make the latter species better known, especially 
as regards the c? structure. Albarda's paper (Annales 
de la Soc. Ent. de Belgique, tom. xxxiii.), dealing at 
length with the nebulosa group, taken in conjunction 
with the following notes and figures relating to T. Eisi 
and T. trifasciata, will practically constitute a revision of 
the European species of the genus, the only species 
excepted being monilicornis, which I have not yet 

The addition of another species of Capnia to the 
British list, or rather its separation from the acknow- 
ledged C. nigra, is interesting, and a Capnia from 
Amurland is also described. 

This opportunity is also taken to give a description 
and figures of a curious little form which may yet be 
found in this country. It was described by Rostock, in 
1892, as Capnodes S chiller i ; but as the generic name had 
already been used by Guenee in Lepidoptera in 1852, the 
new term Capnopsis is proposed. 


56 Mr. Kennetli J. Morton on 

All those entomologists who assisted me with the 
Nemourse have contributed help with the present paper. 
Special thanks are due to Mr, McLachlan, not only for 
allowing me to examine material which may be called 
classical, but also for many valuable hints relating to 

Nemoura Sahlhergi, n. sp. 

In the dry insect, head and pronotum are shining blackish ; 
antennte nearly black ; pronotal plate faintly brown on anterior 
margin, indistinctly rugose on middle of disc, about same breadth 
as the head without the eyes, borders ill defined, lateral margins 
receding slightly posteriorly. Meso- and meta-nota also shining 
blackish, abdomen dull black. Legs dingy testaceous, femora, 
and apices of tibi« and tarsi fuscous. Wings greyish, sub-hyaline, 
iridescent, neuration pale fuscous, and faintly clouded with 
fuscous about pterostigma and x nervures ; in the hindwings the 
superior cubitus seems to leave the radius at a considerable distance 
from the basal cell. 

A species of the avictdaris group, not presenting strong cha- 
racters, excepting in the appendages of the i^, which are very 
distinct. Broad at the base, these appendages become more 
slender in the shaft, and at the apex there is a broad membranous 
expansion internally, the chitiuized portion forming an out-turned 
short hook obscurely two-pointed and inwards being produced into 
two long acute spears. Exp. of forcwings, 14 to 17 mm. 

I have seen a number of examples from Utsjoki, in the 
region of Lake Enara, Finnish Lapland, taken by Dr. 
John Sahlberg, to whom I have pleasure in dedicating 
the species. 

Tseniopteryx Risi, n. sp. 

T. trifaseiata, pars. auct. 

Head dark reddish-brown or blackish, antennas blackish, long, 
slender, composed of elongate joints, pronotum blackish, the fore 
and hind margins sometimes reddish-brown, elongate, narrower in 
front than behind ; meso- and meta-nota shining blackish, abdom en 

new and Uttle-hiown Palsearctic Perlidw. 57 

dark reddish-brown ; legs reddish-brown, femora and tibiae tips and 
the tarsi marked with fuscous. Forewings pale grey, sub-hyaline with 
darker clouds, neuration fuscous ; hindwings clearer, slightly dark 
at the tips. In the forewings the number of free nervures running 
from the upper cubitus to the apical margin is usually two. The 
darker cloudings are these : a vague blotch nearer the base, fol- 
lowed by a broad median crescent and a narrow crescent, rarely 
any evidence of an apical blotch. 

In the ($ the ventral plate is large, elongate, lateral margins 
slightly inturned ; apex strongly recurved, its outline rounded and 
entire. The genitalia are complicated and the nature of the 
various parts uncertain ; two spiniform appendages are sometimes 
visible in addition to those shown in fig. 1. Expanse of forewings : 
cJ , 18-22 mm. ; ? , 21-28 mm. 

This insect has long been known to Dr. Eis from 
Switzerland, and held by him to be a good species, con- 
trary to the views of Albarda (expressed in 1889), who 
considered it to be a form of T. trifasciata. It is, how- 
ever, abundantly distinct from trifasciata in which the 
ventral plate of the c? is shorter, the apex excised and 
less recurved. In the present species also the antennae 
are more slender, composed of longer joints, and having 
no moniliform joints like those of trifasciata. The 
smaller number of free nervures arising from the apical 
portion of the upper branch of the cubitus (Albarda's 
nomenclature = upper branch of inferior cubitus of 
Nemoura, Trans. Ent. Soc. London, 1894, p. 574) is 
also a useful character, although perhaps not absolutely 
constant. It is also noteworthy that in trifasciata 
there is usually a dark marking concave inwardly at the 
very apex of the wing, of which marking there is rarely, 
if ever, any trace in T. Risi. 

As indicated, T. Bisi has been found in Switzerland 
(Zlirichberg) by Dr. Ris, and amongst Mr. McLachlan's 
continental material there are ? 's which I refer in the 
meantime to this species from the following localities : 
Albania (S. S. Saunders) ; Pyrenees (Eaton, 10th June) ; 
France (Ardeche, May, Fallou ; Vosges, 20th July, 
McLachlan) . 

In Britain it is probably generally distributed wher- 
ever there are fairly rapid streams. Mr. McLachlan has 
it from Haslemere, Surrey (July) ; Rannoch (between 2nd 

58 Mr. Kenneth J. Morton on 

and 12th June, 1865, McLachlan) ; River Yealm at Corn- 
wood, Devon, 16th May; and Yorkshire (Dunford Bridge, 
18th June). It is the species recorded from Rannoch in 
Ent. Mon. Mag., voh xxvii., p. 47, as T. trifasciata (King 
and Morton), and I have found it in May and June in 
almost every hilly district in Scotland which I have 

Tfeiiiopteryx trifasciata, P., is no doubt equally wide- 
spread, but in this country, and probably elsewhere, it 
occurs very early in the season, and is therefore perhaps 
less noticed. In Scotland it is very common in the Clyde 
district in March, and Mr, King and I found it rather 
plentiful at Rannoch in the first half of April last (1895). 
The only British S in Mr. McLachlan's collection is from 
the last-named locality (the late Dr. Buchanan White), 
but the species is well represented from the Continent : 
Meseritz, Posen, Prussia (Zeller, 29th April, 1849 ; one 
of the examples named by Brauer) ; Switzerland (Burg- 
dorf, April, Meyer-Diir) ; Silesia ? (presumably from 
Silesia, as the label is in Schneider's handwriting) ; 
Turin (15th and 16th March, Ghiliani). In my own 
collection are examples from Bohemia and Switzerland 
(Klapalek and Ris, respectively), all taken in March. All 
the British 6 examples of T. trifasciata seen by me have 
the wings much aljbreviated (expanse 13 to 15 mm.), 
whereas Continental $'s have usually well developed 
wings (23 mm.) although there are evidently exceptions, 
one from Turin being short-winged. 

Capnia atra, n. sp. 
C. nigra, Pictet, Perlides, p. 321, pi. xxxix. (in 



Head and thoracic segments in the dry insect shining blackish. 
Antennae blackish, legs and seta) fuscous. Wings sub-hyaline with 
fuscous neuration. In the forewings the basal end of the lower 
intercubital cellule is usually acute, or at least much narrowed, and 
the anterior margin of the upper intercubital cellule is slightly 
curved. Joints of sette short. In the ^ the large side pieces of 
the genital apparatus are broad at the base, upturned, and sub- 
acute at the apex, which when seen from above is barbed ; seen 
from the side there is usually visible beneath or within these pieces 

neiv and little-known PalsRarctic. Perlidse. 59 

a slender curved process, with a slight projection or tooth on its 
under side. The ante-penultimate segment dorsally raised and 
covered with minute points. Exp. of forewings, 12 to 17 mm., 
the $ the larger. 

The S first came under notice from Finnish Lapland, 
whence it was received from Dr. Sahlberg. It is pos- 
sible females were included in a collection previously- 
received from the same valued correspondent, and were 
returned by me as C. nigra. The species was found bj 
King and myself in plenty on the shores of Loch Ran- 
noch in April of this year. Three females from Braemar 
(Buchanan White) appear also to belong here ; they have 
the wings rather abbreviated. The species probably 
also occurs in Switzerland, but the S of the pair in 
Mr. McLachlan's collection (Burgdorf, Meyer-Diir) is not 
in very good condition, and further Swiss material is 

A smaller insect, as a rule, in the $ sex than G. nigra, 
and blacker-looking when fresh. The c^, as far as known, 
is full-winged. As usual, the important distinctive 
characters lie in the $ genitalia, but the points in the 
neuration above alluded to should be useful in separating 
the ? from that of G. nigra, if they are found as constant 
elsewhere as they appear to be in this country. A com- 
parison of fresh material will, I think, show the prothorax 
to be smaller, and with margins more rounded in G. atra 
than in C. nigra. 

It should be noticed that Pictet's figure of the neura- 
tion of G. nigra on pi. i., fig. 6 (Perlides, 1841), has the 
basal end of the lower intercubital cellule comparatively 
broad, while in his fig. 4, pi. xxxix., id. op., the condition 
is more like that usual in G. atra, the earlier figure 
being stated as aberrant in the relative explanation of 
plate xxxix. Further, Pictet says the <? of nigra is full- 
winged. On these grounds some might be inclined to 
hold the species above described (assuming Meyer-Diir's 
examples as belonging thereto) as the true nigra. How- 
ever, according to information from Dr. Ris (in letters), 
male Gapnise, practically apterous, are found in Switzer- 
land, and from this I conclude that the two species exist 
there, and I am inclined to think Pictet may have con- 
fused them. The diSerences in the figures just alluded 
to become therefore of importance, and as the earlier one 

60 Mr. Kenneth J. Morton on 

seems to refer to the species now generally known as 
Capnia nigra, I retain the old name for that species.. 

Gapnia affinis, n. sp. 

Very closely allied to C. atra, and of about the same 
size, but as far as can be judged from the examples, 
which are carded, more brownish in colour of the head 
and thorax, and with wings more greyish and paler 

The genitalia are also on the same plan as in C. atra, 
but difi'er in the following details : the barbed part of 
the side pieces is placed dorsally, so that it is distinctly 
visible when viewed from the side, and the slender curved 
process beneath these pieces terminates simply without 
projection or tooth. 

Thi-ee males and a number of females from Blagowik, 
Amurland (22nd April), received from Mr. McLachlan. 
This insect may only be a race or condition of G. atra', 
but it appears sufficiently well marked to deserve a 
special name. 

Gapnia nigra, Pictet. 

G. nigra, Pictet, Perlides, p. 321, pi. xxxix (in part) 
and pi. i. (?). G. nigra, Brauer and Low, Neur. 
austr., p. 30 (1857). 

Ghloroperla hifrons, Newman, Ent. Mag., vol. v., p. 401 
(1838), and Mag. Nat. Hist., n. s., vol. iii., p. 89. 

For the sake of comparison with the species of the 
atra group, a few figures and notes relating to this 
species are given. The number of nervules between the 
costa and sub-costa of forewings is irregular ; one only 
is shown in figure 4, but there may be as many as three 
about the middle of the wing. 

Only limited materials for this species have been 
examined. It is a common species in the Clyde district 
in early spring (March and April). Brauer's Austrian 
types in McLachlan's collection do not seem to differ 
from British examples, and I have seen similar examples 
from Bohemia (Klapalek). Examples from Turkestan 
difier so little in the structure of the 6 genitalia, that at 

7iew and little-hnown Palxarctic Perlidse. 61 

most they can only be considered a geographical race of 
nigra, and females from Mingrelia are large, but other- 
wise not appreciably distinct. 

All the European males seen by me have the wings 
reduced to mere scales^ but the c? from Turkestan has 
effective wings. 

On the discovery of a second British Gaj^nia, the 
Chloroperla bifrons of Newman required investigation. 
Mr. Waterhouse has very kindly compared the single ? 
type in Stephens' collection with both species, and is of 
opinion that on the whole it agrees most closely with 
C. nigra, although the basal end of the lower intercubital 
cellule is hardly in the condition more typical of this 
species. As already indicated this cellule is usually 
distinctly biangulate and rather broad at the basal end 
in C nigra. 

Capnopsis, n. n. 
Ga-pnodes, Rostock, preoccupied. 

Capnopsis Scliilleri, Rostock. (Berliner Bnt. Zeitschrift, 
xxxvii., p. 3, 1892.) 

Generic characters : Hindwings smaller than forewings and 
without any folded portion. Sub-costa terminating about the 
middle of the wing. No transverse veinlets between costa and 
radius, beyond the junction of the sub-costa. Maxillary palpi 
apparently with the two basal joints short, the others long ; 4th 
and 5th sub-equal, the 3rd slightly longer. Antennae sub-setaceous, 
joints elongate, only 3 or 4 at the base shorter, Tarsi with minute 
middle joint, 1st and 3rd joints long, sub-equal. Seta3 very short, 
with 9 or 10 joints only (probably only 7 in the $ if the difference 
be not due to mutilation). 

Description : blackish, shining, clothed with short yellowish 
pubescence. Antennte blackish fuscous, nearly black, clothed 
with short yellowish hairs, with five or six stronger erect hairs at 
apex of each joint. Pronotum about same breadth as head, trans- 
verse, margins all slightly rounded, a distinct border all round, 
disc rugose. Wings greyish sub-hyaline, neuration fuscous. Legs 
fuscous with yellow pubescence. Setae fuscous. In the only ^ 
examined the last ventral segment is somewhat rounded at the 
apex, and from either side of it arises a flattened piece ; these 

62 Mr. Kenneth J. Morton on 

pieces converge, and when seen from the side are upturned and 
triangular in outline ; superior to these pieces and passing between 
the setae is a large upturned tapering process (presumably the 
penis) which appears to have on either side of it a spiniform 
sheath. The $ does not appear to have any salient characters 
at apex of abdomen. Expanse of forewings : $, 9^ mm.; $, 
12 mm. 

Originally described from near Dresden it has since 
been received from Finland, where it has been taken in 
several localities by Sahlberg and Palmen. As its con- 
tinental range is thus considerable, it may yet prove to 
be an inhabitant of Great Britain. 

new and Uttle-hnown Palsearctic Perlidse. 63 

Explanation op Plate II. 

Nenioura Sahlbergi, $ . 

Fig. 1. Apex of abdomen from beneath. 

2. Apex of lateral appendage from side, internal aspect (more 

enlarged) . 

3. Apex of lateral appendage from side, external aspect (more 


Tceniopteryx Bisl, $ . 

1. Apex of abdomen from side (from fresh example and much 


2. Ventral plate from side (dry). 

3. Apex of ventral plate from above (dry). 

Tceniopteryx tr/fasciata, $ . 

1. Apex of ventral plate from above (dry). 

2. Apex of abdomen from side (dry). 

Capnia nigra. 

1. Apex of abdomen of $ from side. 

2. Apex of penis (?) from side in outline much enlarged 


3. Apex of penis (?) from side in outline much enlarged 


4. Neuration of anterior wing of ? , a, h, intercubital cellules. 

5. Neuration of posterior wing of $ . 

Capnia atra, $ . 

1. Apex of abdomen from side. 

2. Intercubital cellules of anterior wing. 

3. Dorsal view of side piece of genitalia (much enlarged). 

Capnia affinis, $ . 
1. Apex of abdomen from side. 

Capnopsis Schilleri. 

1 . Neuration of anterior wing. 

2. Neuration of posterior wing. 

3. Apex of abdomen of $ from side, nearer seta removed. 

( 65 ) 

III. On the Relation of Mimetic Patterns to the Original 
Form.^ By Frederick A. Dixey, M.A., M.D., 
F.E.S., Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford. 

[Read Feb. 5th, 1896.] 
Plates III, IV., & V. 

I. The Gradual Growth of a Mimetic Pattern. 

It is now many years ago that Fritz Miiller published 
an answer to those opponents of the theory of mimicry 
who made much of the difficulty of accounting for the 
first advances towards the formation of a mimetic 
pattern. t In the course of this communication he 
pointed out (as indeed Darwin had done before him) 
that mimicker and mimicked might, in many instances, 
be reasonably supposed to have started, not from a 
position of wide divergence from each other, but rather 
with the possession of some feature or features, common 
to them both, which should give material ready to hand 
Tor the assimilative process to work upon. The chief 
instance relied on by Fritz Miiller in support of his 
contention was the well-known mimetic genus of 
Pierine butterflies known as Leptalis or Disniorphia.X 
The black and yellow Leptalis (Dismorphia) melia, 
according to him, was to be regarded as representing 
the primitive type of coloration of the genus ; and 
although it did not itself mimic any other form, it never- 
theless showed independently so much of the character- 
istic Heliconine colours and arrangement of pattern, 
that the complete Heliconine aspect presented by many 
of its near relatives could be derived from it with com- 
paratively slight modification. 

"■ A preliminary abstract of the present paper has appeared in 
the British Association Reports for 1894. 

t " Einige Worte iiber Leptalis,'' Jenaisch. Zeitschr., vol. x., 
1876, p. 1. 

J The old genus Dhmorphia has been divided by Messrs, 
Godman & Salvin into Dismorphia, Pseudopieris, Enanliu, and 
Acmepteron, Biol, Centr.-Amer., Rhopal. II., p. 174. Dr. Butler 
further distinguishes Moschoneura, Cist. Entom., Pt. iii. 

TRANS. ENT. 60C. LOND. 1896. — PART 1. (ilARCH.) 5 

66 Dr. F. A. Dixey on the Relation of 

The instance chosen by Fritz MilUer was unfortunate. 
A wider view of Pierine affinities than he had the oppor- 
tunity of taking would no doubt have led him to the 
conclusion that, after all, the original Lejitalis probably 
was a white or white and black butterfly, and not a black 
and yellow or black and orange insect like Leptalis 
{Dismorphia) melia. Moreover, the position that D. melia 
is not a mimic can hardly be sustained. It bears a very 
considerable resemblance to D. euniara, which is itself 
an almost exact copy of Actinote 'pellenea ; Actinote being 
the neotropical representative of the well-known inedible 
genus Acrsea. There is little room to doubt that D. melia, 
so far from preserving the primitive Leptalis type, has 
diverged to some distance therefrom under the influence 
of mimicry. 

But although Fritz Miiller's principal instance does 
not appear to me to be strong enough to bear the weight 
of argument that he rests upon it, there cannot be much 
question that his contention in the main is perfectly 
sound ; and that, as a general principle, the process of 
mimetic assimilation depends rather on the development 
of old, than on the starting of new features, either of 
pattern or of colour. 

In order to illustrate this principle, I have prepared the 
series of figures shown in Plates III. and IV,, Figs. 1-12. 
These represent an array of facts that I venture to think 
are in many respects of great interest. 

Fig. 1 shows the underside of the male of one of the 
ordinary neotropical non-mimetic Pierines*, a true Pleris 
as that genus is restricted by Dr. Butler — P. locusta of 
Felder. The chief points to be observed are in the 
hindwing. They are (1), the spots or patches of bright 
red which are found at the base of the precostal, median 
and internal spaces respectively (Fig. 1, a, c, d) ; (2) a 
well-defined yellow streak (e) occupying the costal space ; 

(3) a pale central area (/), in many specimens yellowish, 
occupying the region of the cell and the adjacent portion 
of the wing, especially towards the internal border; 

(4) a dark shade (/i, i) on the anal and costal sides 
respectively of the pale central area. The present 
species happens to be a rather heavily coloured member 
of its group, but in other species of the same genus 

* See below, p. 72, note. 

Mimetic Patterns to the Original Form. 67 

Pieris we get a great lightening of the general tone of 
colour, without however losing the essential features now 
referred to. In P. ijhaloe for instance, also a non- 
mimetic Pieris from the same neotropical region, we have 
as it were an attenuated and washed-out version of the 
scheme of mai-king seen on the hindwing of P. locusta. 
Here (Fig. 2) are visible the same basal red patches, 
though now confined to the precostal and internal spaces ; 
the same pale costal streak and central area, now in most 
specimens white rather than yellow ; and on either side 
of the latter the same two dark shades, now reduced to 
a pair of brownish streaks. From either of these types 
to the well-known Heliconine form here represented by 
Heliconius niimata (Fig. 11), seems a sufficiently long 
step ; nor is it at first sight apparent that there is any- 
thing in common between the former and the latter 
schemes of coloration. Nevertheless, while it will be 
allowed on the one hand that the female of Mylothris 
pyrrha (Figs. 9, 10) presents a very good imitation of 
H. numata, it can be shown on the other hand that this 
last-named Pieriue owes its mimetic features to a simple 
development of characters already possessed by the 
other Pierine forms just spoken of, to which it is closely 

In order to make this apparent, it will be necessary to 
refer to some of the other neotropical species of the 
same genus Mylothris. This interesting little group, 
comprising besides M. jjyrrha the closely related M. 
malenl-a, M. lypera, and M. lorena, has been more than 
once spoken of by Mr. Wallace* as affording an instance 
of mimetic females associated with males of the ordinary 
white type of Pierine coloration. It is quite true that 
all the males throughout the group exhibit on their upper 
surfaces nothing but the ordinary white character ; Mr. 
Wallace, however, does not mention the curious fact 
that the same males universally show ou the under 
surface, though in varying degrees, an approach towards 
the Heliconine pattern that is so completely imitated 
by their mates. These partially developed features on 
the under surface of the males enable us to trace the 
history of the growth of the mimetic pattern. 

Let us take the underside of the male of Mylothris 

° " Tropical Nature," 1878, p. 204 ; "Darwinism," 1889, p. 271. 

68 Dr. F. A. Dixey on the Relation of 

hjpera (Fig. 3), and compare it with that o^ Pierislocusta. 
There is no difficulty in identifying the principal markings 
as before enumerated. The yellow costal streak and 
central area {e,f) and the anterior and posterior dark 
shades {h, i) are present in M. hjpera as in P. locusta, all 
occupying the same relative positions ; the precostal red 
however has disappeared^ and the internal and median 
touches of the same colour have united and prolonged them - 
selves into a triangular streak reaching about a third of 
the way across the wing (cd). A small dark area (g), 
which in P. locusta lies immediately posterior to the internal 
red patch, has in 31. hjpera extended itself in the same 
direction with the extension of the patch, and has, beyond 
the outer extremity of the latter, united with the anterior 
dark area (i) in such a way as to completely surround the 
red patch with a distinct region of black. All the areas 
somewhat vaguely indicated in P. locusta have in M. 
hjpera acquired a distinct and definite character with 
sharply-marked, clear-cut borders. There is no doubt 
of the homology of the markings in the two cases, nor 
does the change from one to the other deserve to be 
called either violent or abrupt. 

The underside of the male of M. lorena (Fig. 4) takes 
us a step onward. Here are exactly the same features, 
but with a further development along the same lines. 
The red patch has now become a definite streak reaching 
half-way across the wing, but still bears the same rela- 
tion to the anterior dark area. The costal streak and 
central area have undergone a similar elongation, and in 
this instance are much paler in colour. The whole aspect 
perhaps recalls that of P. phaloe rather than that of P. 
locusta, and the correspondence with the former insect 
is still further borne out by the presence of a diagonal 
dark streak {Ic) in the forewing, part of which is indicated 
in P. phaloe, uniting the costal with the posterior or 
outer margin. 

The general streakiness of the male of M. lorena is 
preserved or enhanced in the male of M. pijrrlm (Fig. 5). 
There is in this case no diagonal dark band crossing the 
forewing, but the red streak of the hindwing acquires 
additional distinctness and importance, while the banded 
appearance is further increased by a slight change in the 
disposition of the enveloping black. 

As far as the hindwing is concerned, we have now 

Mimetic Patterns to the Original Form. 69 

all but reached the complete mimetic conditiou of 
M. ]?yrrka 9 (Figs. 9, 10), The only thing still wanting 
is an infusion of more or less brownish red into the pale 
yellow or orange of the costal and central streaks. It is 
observable that even in the female M. pyrrha the assi- 
milation between the old red of the basal patch and the 
new red of the costal and central areas is not quite per- 
fect, the former always retaining on the under surface a 
more vigorous and decided tint than the latter (see 

With regard to the forewing, there is no doubt a con- 
siderable interval between the male and female of 
M. pyrrha. An inspection, however, of the female of 
M. lorena and M. malenka (Figs. 6, 7, 8), enables us to 
see how it may be bridged over. Comparing the sexes 
of ill. lorena (Figs. 4, 6, 7), we find that their patterns 
are identical in the main features, though the female has 
an additional dark streak in the forewing (I) running 
parallel with the inner border. The central pale area of 
the hindwing has also in the female almost or entirely 
disappeared from the lower surface, while the other 
spaces on both wings which in the male are white or 
very pale yellow, assume in the female a deeper yellow, 
Avarming towards the base of the wing to an orange or 
brownish red. These changes, comparatively slight as 
they are, are sufficient to give the female M. lorena, a 
decidedly Heliconine aspect. They point out, moreover, 
the manner in which the still more completely Heliconine 
facies of M. malenha 9 (Fig. 8) and if. pyrrha ? 
(Figs. 9, 10) may grow naturally out of the Pierine 
materials already noticed. A very close comparison of 
M. pyrrha with H. numata (Figs. 10, 11) will indeed 
show that the correspondence of markings is not abso- 
lutely perfect in every particular ; nevertheless, the 
general effect is marvellously alike, and if assisted by 
similarity in habits and mode of flight, must be amply 
sufficient for all practical purposes of protection to the 

Looking at this series as a whole, and bearing in mind 
that it would be possible to include other forms * which 
would render the gradation still easier than is shown 

** For example, P. marana and M. lypera % . 

70 Dr. F. A. Dixey on the Relation of 

here, we cannot, I think, feel any doubt that it is suffi- 
cient to demonstrate the possibiUty of the formation of a 
practically perfect mimetic pattern from the ordinary 
form of a quite distinct type, without any violent or 
abrupt changes of design. It does not, indeed, lend any 
support to the view that mimicry can only originate 
between forms that already possess considerable and 
obvious resemblance to one another, nor does it coun- 
tenance the opinion that mimetic changes are eflPected 
jyer saltma. What the series of forms here figured does 
show is that, granted a beginning however small, such as 
the basal red touches in the normal Pierines, an elaborate 
and practically perfect mimetic pattern may be evolved 
therefrom by simple and easy stages. 

II. Sexual Dimorphism in Mimetic Forms. 

There remains, in regard to the foregoing series, a 
question of great interest ; namely, what is the meaning 
of the diversity between the sexes in these more or less 
completely mimetic forms ? Why should the one sex 
have advanced so much further along the mimetic path 
than the other ? It is no doubt the case that the females 
stand in greater need of protection than the males, but 
to say this still leaves several questions unanswered. 
Are we right in regarding the male patterns as perpetu- 
ating stages through which the other sex has also 
passed in order to reach its present state of mimetic 
completeness, or are we to suppose that the selection by 
enemies has affected only the female sex, and that the 
patterns seen on the males are merely an incidental result 
of heredity, being, in fact, a secondary version of the 
female pattern transmitted in a weaker form ? In either 
case, what has checked the further development of 
mimicry in the male ? Is this imperfect development 
simply a passive result of the absence of necessity for 
change, or is there some active force at work preventing a 
further modification ? It is well known that an explana- 
tion of a somewhat similar case has been sought in the 
p? inciple of sexual selection ; the females, it was suggested, 
us the more conservative sex, preferring in their mates the 
ancestral type of coloration of the group.* Mr. Wallace, 

* Belt, " Naturalist in Nicaragua," Ed. 1888, p. .385. 

Mimetic Patterns to the Original Form. 71 

on the other hand, points out that in the Pierine group 
before us the habits of the two sexes are different ; that 
whereas the females haunt the forest glades in company 
with the Heliconii, the males congregate and fly in the 
open with other species of white butterflies, among whom 
a reddish or brownish insect would be especially con- 
spicuous, and would be very liable to experimental 
tasting.* This fact would seem to supply an active check 
on the development of the pattern in the male, but it 
still leaves undetermined the meaning of so much of 
the Heliconine colouring as does exist, and of this 
JVJr. Wallace has offered no explanation. 

I am myself inclined to think that however much it 
may be to the advantage of these male forms to be taken 
under some circumstances for white butterflies of the 
ordinary kind, yet there must be times and occasions — 
probably while the insect is at rest and settled — when 
the partial mimicry of the underside comes into play, and 
tends to afford protection. An instance in support of 
this view exists in Hesperocharis hirlanda (Fig. 12). 
This insect, like the males of those that have just been 
considered, is on the upper surface an ordinary white 
butterfly of the usual kind ; the lower surface, however, 
presents an incipient mimetic pattern of a like degree of 
development with those of Mxjlothris . lorena $ and 
M. iiyrrha 6 . This can be no feeble reflection of a 
mimetic pattern complete in the female, for the sexes of 
H. hirlanda hardly differ; moreover H. hirlanda, with 
one or two other forms probably not specifically distinct 
from it, is the only species of its genus which shows any 
approach towards a mimetic coloration. The mimicry, 
slight as it is, must therefore, it would seem, be of somf> 
service, as otherwise it would in this case be meaning- 
less ; and if this be so with H. hirlanda, it is reasonable 
to suppose that whatever amount of protection such an 
approach to the Heliconiiie pattern confers, is also shared 
by the males of Mylothris. 

A further point of interest that arises in connection 
with H. hirlanda is this — that a mimetic effect which 
generally resembles that of M. pyrrha $ , is here reached 
by different means. Ilesperocharis, like Mylothris, starts 
no doubt from a regular Pierine form, such as that 

* " Tropical Nature," 1878, p. 205. 

72 Dr. F. A. Dixey on the Relation of 

exhibited by P. pit aloe; but wliereas in Mylothris the 
rnain red streak of the hind wing arises from the internal 
and median basal red, and is central (Fig. 5, cd), in 
Hefsjyerocharis it results from a development of the pre- 
costal and costal red patches, and occupies the correspond- 
ing regions of the wing (Fig. 12, a, h). The precostal 
red is undeveloped in Mylothris, and the median red is 
undeveloped in Hesperocharis. One result of this 
is that in the latter form the relative position of the main 
yellow and red streaks is reversed ; notwithstanding 
which the general resemblance to Mylothris is consider- 
able, and the difference would very probably remain 
undetected by many insectivorous animals. The present 
point has already been noticed by me elsewhere.* I draw 
attention to it here simply because it affords another 
illustration of the gradual growth of mimetic patterns 
from an original non-mimetic form.-f 

III. Recipeocal Mimicry between Inedible Forms. 

In the previous communication to the Entomological 
Society! of which I have already made mention, I drew 
attention to certain facts which I am now able to illustrate 
by PI. v., Figs. 13 and 14, representing the undersides of 
a Pierine [Pereute levcodvosime) and a Heliconius {H. mel- 
pomene) respectively. Both Heliconius and Pereute are, 
it will be seen, furnished with basal red spots, and this is 
the case with very many of the Heliconii and their 

* Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1894, p. 286. 

t Throughout the foregoing remarks, F. plialor and P. Jocusta $ , 
have been spoken of as non-mimetic forms. This is undoubtedly 
the case with P. jilialoo, but it is perhaps possible that even in 
P. locusfa $ , the underside of the hindwing may have (especially 
in darkly-coloured individuals) a certain mimetic value. The 
underside of the hindwing in P. locuda, P. cinerea and some 
others resembles that of IleUconius melpomene and other protected 
species in giving the general idea of a dark wing-area with yellow 
costal or precostal streak and basal red spots. The forewing of 
P. locusta contains a large surface of white, but this would be 
partly or wholly concealed in the resting position. It is true also 
that the yellow streak and red patches do not occupy exactly 
corresponding positions in the Pieris and the Heliconius ; but there 
is abundant evidence to show that while affinity displays great 
respect for the exact position on the wing of any given feature 
of the pattern, mimicry to a large extent disregards this, and aims 
rather at a general similarity of effect. See the instance of 
Hesperocharia hii-landa above, and see also below, p. 74, note. 

X Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1894, pp. 296, etc 

Mimetic Patterns to fho Original Form. 73 

Pierine imitators. What is the meaning of this coinci- 
dence ? The first answer that suggests itself is that it is 
simply an ordinary case of mimicry ; the red spots belong 
originally to the Ileliconiiis, and the Pierine has acquired 
similar spots in order to complete the mimetic picture. 
Two facts, however, militate against this supposition. 
The first is that these red patches, so far from being 
confined to the mimicking Pierines, are found to have 
a very wide distribution throughout the whole Pierine 
subfamily, existing not only, as we have seen, in non- 
mimetic neotropical forms such as Plerls locusta and 
P. phaloe, but in numerous old-world genera as well, 
reaching a great development in the Indian and Austra- 
lian Delias, and having even left a relic in the common 
white butterflies of our own country. It would be extra- 
vagant to suppose that these widespread characters owe 
their origin simply to the necessity for mimicking certain 
South American Heliconii. Moreover, as I have else- 
where shown, such an origin for the old-world forms as 
this hypothesis would involve is at variance with what is 
known of Pierine phylogeny. The second fact is that 
although several Beliconii which are not the subjects of 
mimicry show marks of the kind, yet they are most con- 
stant, most distinct and most Pierine-like in species of 
Heliconius that serve as models. There must, it would 
seem, be a relation between the two forms which is not 
entirely due to mimicry by the Pierine. Are we then to 
say that the Heliconius is the mimic and the Pierine the 
model ? This would appear to be going against all 
received ideas on the subject, and to be negatived by all 
that is known of the inedible qualities of Heliconius and 
of the ancestral coloration of the Pierines ; nevertheless, 
with respect to the particular marks in question I believe 
that it comes near to the true expression of the fact, and 
I -would suggest that the key to the difiiculty is to be 
found in the following considerations. 

It has been well shown by Fritz Miiller,* whose con- 
clusions have been followed and amplified by Meldola and 
Poulton, that there exist two kinds of mimetic associa- 
tions — in one of which an edible form shelters itself by 
resemblance to another form well known to be inedible, 
this being the aspect of mimicry first detected and 
explained by Bates ; while in the other a group is 
constituted all of whose members are inedible, and join 

* " Kosmos," 1879, p. 100. 

74 Dr. F. A. Dixey on the Relation of 

forces, so to speak, in order to share the dangers of 
experimental tasting. In the first kind it is obvious that 
the onl}'- imitation must be by the unpi'otected of the 
protected form ; there is no force tending in the converse 
direction. But in the second kind it does not seem to 
have been sufficiently noticed that, especially if the 
numbers of the associated species are approximately 
equal, there may fairly be expected to arise a kind of 
give-and-take arrangement, in consequence of which two 
or more inedible forms may hasten the assimilative 
process by imitating each other. This is my reading of 
the case before us. There are some independent grounds* 
for tbiukiug that the mimicking Pierines in this par- 
ticular group of instances are not, as has been generally 
assumed, edible. It is therefore not unreasonable to 
suppose that being distasteful, like the associated 
Heliconii, and forming with them a company for mutual 
protection, they have both taken from and bestowed on 
them characteristic features of pattern — both sides, in 
fact, having undergone what I some time since ventured 
to call " reciprocal mimicry.^' I have elsewhere given more 
detailed reasons in support of this view ; I reintroduce it 
here for the sake of illustrating it from those Pierine marks 
that have been specially under consideration. t 

* JE.f/., (1) the abundance of some of the mimetic species of the 
same or of a closely allied genus, as Percute charops and Euterpe 
ti'.iras (testified to by Messrs. Godmau and Salvin and by Fritz 
j\I idler respectively) ; and (2) the fact that the nearest old-world 
representatives of the same group, i.e., the members of the genus 
Ih'Vias, have all the characteristics of insects protected by a 
disagreeable taste or odour. 

f It may perhaps be objected that the resemblance between such 
forms as are represented in Figs. 13, 14 is not sufficiently close 
to warrant the supposition of mutual protection between them. 
To this it may be replied, that (1) the colour of the diagonal band 
of the forewing is probably in the living IlcUconius much nearer 
to that of the Perente than appears in the figure, which was taken 
from a specimen that bad been for some years in the Hope collec- 
tion. It is well known that the reds in Hellconius and Acrcca are 
especially apt to fade on keepiug. (2) The resemblance may be 
enhanced by attitude, the figures having been di-awn without any 
particular attention to this. (.">) The brightly coloured basal marks, 
though occupying different relative positions in the two insects, 
convey the same general idea of a gently-curving, slender, white or 
yellow streak (belonging to the forewing in the Pereute and the 
Iriidwing in the Heliconlus), beset nearits base with isolated spots 
of vivid red, and traversing a black or dark-brown area of wing 
close to the body. 

Mimetic Patterns to the Original Form. 75 

The same argument will apply to features similar to 
the above which may be seen in certain Papilioninpe., 
Nymphaliufe, Erycinidie, and even in some moths. 
And I may say in passing- that Fritx Miiller's principle 
here referred to appears to me to be of much wider 
application than has been hitherto supposed. There 
exist several large groups more or less uniform in their 
scheme of coloration, though heterogeneous in their 
affinities, which it seems almost certain will in the main 
turn out to be cases of "inedible associations,'' each 
one possibly including a few instances of true mimicry 
within its borders. In deciding on the actual nature 
of such resemblances, it may be borne in mind that 
"reciprocal mimicry " constitutes good evidence of the 
distastefulness of all the forms between which it can be 
shown to occur, while the abundance or scarcity of a 
mimetic insect is also a valuable test of its edibilitv. 

IV. Divergent Members of an Inedible Group. 

The last set of figures (PI. V,, Figs. 1 5-1 8) discloses a re- 
markable state of things, which is of interest both in its 
bearing on what has been advanced in the preceding sec- 
tion, and also as providing a further illustration of the im- 
portance of small changes. The Pcvpilio represented in 
Fig. 15 (P. zacynthus ? ) is undoubtedly the model for the 
Pieiine shown in Fig. 16 (E. tereas). These two insects 
form one of Bates's original instances of mimicry. But 
beside the latter we have another Euterpe, viz., E. hellona 
(Fig. 17), whose markings are, without doubt, homologous 
with those of its congener. E. hellona however, though 
so closely resembling E. tereas the mimic of P. zacynthus, 
itself copies, not the Pajxilio, but the members of a group 
of Heliconius of which H. erato (Fig. 18) is a good 
example. The bright yellow patch on the forewing of 
the Heliconius is very well imitated by the Pierine, and 
on the hindwing of the latter the crimson patch of 
E. tereas, etc, has been modified into a series of scarlet 
stripes ; these being a palpable attempt to reproduce 
the radiating chestnut streaks of H. erato or one of its 
congeners. It is curious to see what slight modifications 
between the two species of Euterpe enable them to 

76 Dr. F. A. Dlxey oji the Relation of 

imitate two sucli distinct insects as the Papilio and the 

The addition of these two forms, viz., Enterpe heUona 
and Heliconius erato, the former of which was perhaps 
not known to Bates, evidently complicates the " mimicry " 
question. Is the resemblance between the Heliconius 
and the Papilio, which certainly exists though it is not 
very close, accidental ? But for the intermediate Pierine 
forms we should perhaps not have suspected any special 
relation between them. On the other hand, is the Heli- 
conius the general model for all the rest ? If so, 
P. zacyntlius becomes a mimic instead of a model ; whilo 
its own imitator, E. fereas, is in the curious position of 
mimicking a mimic, instead of going straight to the 
ibun tain-head, i.e., the Heliconius. 

In my opinion, the most satisfactory way of accounting 
for these complicated relations is the supposition that 
here we have another instance of a mimetic assemblage 
of the second kind — an ''inedible association." The 
two extreme forms, viz., the Papilio and the Heliconius, 
which by themselves might perhaps not be sufficiently 
near one another to be mutually protective to any very 
great extent, are held together, as it were, within the 
limits of an inedible mimetic group, by the welding power 
of the intermediate Eiiterpes.\ It is of interest in con- 
nection with what has been already advanced as to reci- 
procal mimicry, or the give-and-take system, in associa- 
tions of this kind, that the Papilio, the Heliconius and 
both Pierines are furnished on the underside with basal 
red spots. 

T. Conclusion. 

It cannot, I think, be doubted that the remarkable 
facts touched upon in the present paper raise points of 
fresh interest in the great question of mimicry. The 
leading and binding idea in all that I have said has been 

* The Heliconine pattern is still further developed in the female, 
and on the under sui'face of the male of E. bellona, than on the 
upper surface of the latter sex as represented in Fig. 17. 

t The series could be rendered still more complete by the 
insertion of E. critias and E. bellona 9 1 0° the Papilio and 
Heliconius sides respectively of Euterpe bellona $ . 

Mimetic Patterns to the Original Form. 77 

my conviction, formed after much deliberation, of the 
gradual and natural character of these complicated 
changes, and of the absence of any violent or arbitrary 
element in their process of development. Whether 
the explanations here suggested are true and adequate, 
can in most instances only be decided by observation in 
the field ; and it is much to be desired that travellers and 
residents in countries where these and similar phenomena 
occur should carefully record all facts relating to the 
habits, postures, modes and times of flight, prevalence, 
seasonal occurrence and exact distribution of the various 
species that come under their observation. 

There is also need of such experimental evidence as to 
the means of defence adopted by these forms as can only 
be satisfactorily obtained in the midst of their natural 
surroundings. Meanwhile, it must suffice to point out 
the conclusion towards which the only facts available 
appear to lead, while the actual verification by observa- 
tion and experiment must perforce be left to those whose 
opportunities enable them to apply these final tests to the 
subjects of enquiry. 

My best thanks are due to Prof. Poulton, F.R.S., for 
much encouragement and many facilities for work. The 
figures were drawn, by his permission, from specimens in 
the Hope Collection at Oxford. 

78 Dr. F. A. Dixey on the Relation of 

List op Species mentioned. 


Pereute leucodrosime, Koll. 
Euterpe tereas, Godt. 
„ critias, Feld. 
,, heUona, Cram. 
Mylothris 'pyrrha, Fabr. 
,, lorena, Hew. 
„ lijpera, Koll. 
_,, malenJia, Hew. 
Hespei'ocharis hirlanda, Stoll. 
Pieris locusta, Feld. 
„ phaloe, Godt. 
„ marana, Doubl. 
,y cinerea, Hew. 
Dismorphia melia, Godt. 
,, eimiara, Doubl. 


PapiUo zacyntlius, Fabr, 


Actinote pellenea, Hiibn. 


Heliconius melpomene, Linn. 
„ erato, Linn. 
„ numata, Cram. 

Mimetic Patterns to the (Jriqlnai Form. 79 

Explanation of Plates III., IV., & V. 

Plate III. 
Fia. 1. Pieris locusta (J , underside. 

2. P.phaloe $, „ 

3. Mylothris lyi>era cJ , „ 

4. M. lorena $, „ 

5. M.2)yrrha $, „ 
G. M. lorena $ , „ 

Plate IV. 
Fig. 7. Mylothris lorena $ , upperside. 

8. M. malenka 9 , ,i 

9. M. jjyrrha $ , underside. 

10. M. 2}yrrha $ , upperside. 

11. Heliconius nuinata, upperside. 

12. Ilesperocharis hirlanda, underside. 

Plate V. 
Fig. 13. Pereute leucodrosi/ne, underside. 

14. Heliconius melpomene, „ 

1 5. Painlio zacynthus ^ ? upperside. 

16. Euterpe terens, „ 

17. E. hellona ^ , „ 

18. Heliconius eruto, „ 

In all the Figukes 

n, precostal red patch on the base of the hindwing underside. 

b, costal „ „ „ „ 

c, median „ „ „ „ 

d, internal „ „ „ „ 

e, costal light streak. 
/, central pale area. 

g, i, anterior dark shades. 

h, posterior dark shade. 

k, diagonal dark bar of forewing. 

I, dark bar of forewing parallel to inner margin. 

( 81 ) 

IV. The Rhynchophorous Goleoptera of Japan. Part 
IV.* Otiorhynchidse and Sitonides, and a genus 
of doubtful position from the Kurile Islands. By 
David Sharp, M.A., M.B., F.R.S., etc. 

[Read February 5th, 1896.] 

Although the collections of Goleoptera made by Mr. 
Lewis in Japan are of great interest, and are the 
base of almost all that we know of the Bhynchophora 
of Japan, yet it is, I think, tolerably certain that as 
regards the GurcuUonidai proper — as distinguished from 
Anthrihidse, Scohjtidx, and Brenthidse — they are very 
incomplete, and I am inclined to believe that the 
Otiorhynchidie of Japan will prove to be twice or three 
times more numerous in species than the lists made from 
Mr, Lewis's collections will show. 

Under these circumstances it appears scarcely worth 
while to discuss the question of geographical distribution, 
particularly as our knowledge of the Rhynchophora of 
China, of Korea, of Mongolia, and the region round the 
mouth of the Amur, is very small indeed. I may, 
however, remark that the Japanese Otiorhynchldai have 
very little affinity with those of the European region. 
I here enumerate fifty- eight species belonging to twenty- 
six genera. Not one of the species is the same as an 
European one ; while of the twenty-six genera fifteen 
appear at present to be peculiar to Japan, and only five 
have representatives in Europe, and of these five it is 
tolerably certain that four will prove to be more charac- 
teristic of Eastern Asia than of the paleearctic region 
proper. The genus Otiorhynchiis is the most character- 
istic genus of the Mediterranean Curculionidous fauna, 
where it has altogether nearly six hundred species ; but it 
is not represented in Japan. Indeed, the only points that 
appear to give this section of the Japanese fauna any 
claim to connection with the European one is the 
existence of a considerable number of species of 

* Part I., see the Transactions for 1889 ; Part IT., Transactions, 
1891 ; Part III. (by W. F. H. Blandford), Transactions for 1894. 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART I. (mARCH.) 6 

82 Mr. David Sbarp on the 

Phyllohius in each, and the possession by Japan of 
a species of Scythropus allied to the European 
S. mustela. 

I very much regret the delay that has occurred in the 
preparation of this paper, which was commenced several 
years since ; and also that I shall not be able to continue 
the work for some time to come. But I hope that 
Mr. Lewis, who besides forming his splendid collection, 
has himself done so much towards working out the 
insects he procured, may be able to complete our know- 
ledge of the Curculionidse. 


This term I use in the sense of Leconte and Horn, 
classification of Col. of N. America, 1883. It is very 
different fi'om the Otiorhynchides of Lacordaire. I have, 
however, admitted an exception in the case of the genus 
Meotiorhy iichus, which does not possess the scars on the 
mandibles, that is the special character of the family 
OtiorhyncJiid^e, accordiug to the American taxonomists. 
I adopt two divisions, Otiorhynchidie apterx and 0. 
alaf^e, which, practically, are almost equivalent respec- 
tively to the Divisions I. and IT. of the N. American 
writers, as explained in the Biol. Centr. Amer., Col. IV., 
pt. 3, p. 87. 


This division was not recognized as distinct from the 
winged forms by Lacordaire, consequently its members 
were distributed throughout the Brachy derides and 
Otiorhynchides of the Belgian naturalist in so complex 
a manner as to render the application of his nomen- 
clature to the divisions proposed by Leconte and Horn 
almost impossible. At the same time I do not know 
enough of the forms dealt with by the American 
naturalists to enable me to judge whether the Japanese 
wingless Otiorhynchidae would enter satisfactorily into 
their divisions, and I therefore adopt the plan of 
arranging the sixteen genera that have been discovered 
in Japan in the following manner : — 

Rhynchophorons Coleopfera of Japan. 83 

1. Thorax with ocular lobes. Group I. Ophryast'ma ; Pseudoaieo- 

rhinus and Calomycterus. 
V. Thorax without ocular lobes. 

2. Scrobes lateral, elongate, directed inferiorly, so that their 
lower margin passes to the under edge of the ros- 
trum without being directed towards the eye. 
3. Front margin of thorax with a few hairs (vibrissa;) 
directed forwards under and behind the eye. 
Group II. Copanopachys, Meotiorhynchufi, Pia- 
zomkts, Scepticus. 
3'. Front margin of thorax without vibrissas. Group III. 
Amystax, Blosyrus, Catapiomis, TracTiyrJiimif!, 
2'. Scrobes lateral, not directed inferiorly, but towards the eye. 

Group IV. Episo7nus. 
2". Scrobes more or less superior and foveiform. Group V. 
Myomlcs, Arrhaphoyaster, Asphalmus^ Oinoioius. 



Pseudocneorrhiuus , Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 
xvi. (1873), p. 177, and op. cit., xxiv., 1880, 
p. 10. 

The position this genus should occupy is in the 
Ophryastina, where it will form a division separated from 
the American forms by the connate claws. Mr. Roelofs 
first placed it in the Leptoptsides, of which the Ophry- 
astina formed, according to Lacordaire, a separate 
division. With Trachyphlceus the genus has but little 
affinity, as it possesses well-marked ocular lobes, connate 
claws, and very deep scrobes. 

1. Pseudocneorrhinus hifasciatus, Roelofs, C.R. Soc. 

enc. Belg., xxii., p. liii, and Ann. ent. Belg., 

xxiv., p. 12. 

This is distinguished from its congeners by the very 

rotund form of the elytra, which are almost circular 

in their outline ; the antennae are very short ; and 

the upright setee on the elytra are fine, short, and 


Main island ; Osaka, 14 July, 1881, Hakone, 
Miyanoshita, Kuwada, Kawatchi. 

84 Mr. David Sharp on the 

2. Pseudocneorrhiniis ohesus, Roelofs, Ann. ent. Belg., 

xvi., p. 177, pi. iii., fig. 10, and xxiv., p. 11. 

The individuals of this species are the largest of the 
genus ; the elytra are broad and very convex, and in out- 
line are intermediate between P. hifasciatus and setosus ; 
the erect set£e are much larger than in P. hifasciatus. 

P. ohesus appears to be scarce, but altogether Mr. Lewis 
has obtained ten specimens ; the only localities I can record 
for it are Kiga and Miyanoshita, on the Main island. 

3. Pseudocneorrhinus setosus^ Roelofs, C.R. ent. Belg., 

xxii., p. liii., and Ann. ent. Belg., xxiv., p. 12. 

Closely allied to P. ohesus, but rather smaller and 
considerably narrower, and with the erect scales on 
the elytra broader than in either of the congeners. 

Kiushiu and Main islands ; Ichiuchi. 

4. Pseudocneorrhiniis minimus, Roelofs, C.R. ent. Belg., 

xxii., p. liii., and Ann. ent. Belg., xxiv., p. 13. 
This comes near to P. ohesus, but the individuals 
of that species are the largest, those of P. minimus the 
smallest, of the genus : besides this, the antennae are 
considerably shorter in P. minimus. 

Roelofs described the species from two specimens 
ound by Mr. Hiller. In his recent journey Mr. Lewis 
captured four examples. 

Main island ; Kawatchi, Yokohama. 

Galomijcterus, Roelofs, op. cit., xvi., p. 175. 
1. C. setarius, Roelofs, I. c, pi. iii., fig. 9. 
A remarkable and apparently very rare species for 
which I am not able to record any exact locality. 



Copanopachys, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 

xxiv., 1880, p. 7. 

1. Copanochys tigrinus. 
Piazomias tigrinus, Roelofs, Ann. ent. Belgique, xvi., 

1873, p. 161; C. tigrinus, Roelofs, op. cit., xxiv., 

1880, p. 7. 

Bhynchophorous Coleoptera of Japan. 85 

About twenty examples of this species were found at 
Hakodate : most of them agree with M. Roelofs^ descrip- 
tions satisfactorily ; but five of them belong to a well- 
marked variety, in which the upper surface is almost 
uniform pallid grey, the maculation of the elytra and 
thorax being nearly absent. Scarcely any two specimens 
of the type-form agree exactly in the maculation. 

2. Copanopachys griseus. 

Piazomias griseus, Roelofs, op. cit., xvi., 1873, p. 162 ; 
G. griseus, id., xxiv., p. 8. 

I have before me about a score of examples that I 
refer to this species, though they vary enormously 
in colour, greatly in size, and somewhat in minute 
structural characters. All, however, differ from C. 
tigrinus, in having the eyes more convex, and the front 
tibige not in the least dilated externally at the apex. 
One of them in colour exactly resembles the typical form 
of G. tigrinus, while on the other hand, the smaller 
examples are wonderfully like Scepticus insularis. 

Main island; Enoshima, Kawatchi, Yokohama (in April), 
Kobe. One specimen from each locality. The others 
were all obtained during Mr . Lewis's earlier visits, and 
the localities have not been preserved, but, no doubt, all 
are from the islands south of Yezo, while 0. tigrinus is — 
so far as we know at present — confined to that island. 

Meotiorhynchus, n. gen. 

MandibulfB ad apices tranversim laminataj ; tibije anteriores 
apicibus dilatatis. 

Mandibles at the apex, forming as it were a prominent lamina, 
the front edge of which is quite thin and the outer angle 
the most prominent part ; without scar; nearly similar to one 
another : buccal cavity large, filled by the mentum. Rostrum 
short, scrobes definite and deep, lateral and descending. An- 
tennae short, scape broad at the extremity, 7th joint of the 
funiculus almost amalgamated with the club. Eyes oval, moder- 
ately distant from the thorax. Prosternum a little emarginate, 
front margin irregularly ciliate, the cilite below the eye longer, so 
as to form rudimentary vibrissse. Metasternum short. Hind coxae 
widely separated, the intercoxal abdominal process being broad 
and truncate. First and second ventral plates elongate, third and 

86 Mr. David Sharp on the 

fourth quite short, together not so long as the second. Anterior 
tibicB a little enlarged at the apex both internally and externally ; 
hind tibiae broad at the tip, with a large external space bordered 
both internally and externally by very short thick spines ; third 
joint of tarsus normally lobed and densely pubescent beneath. 
Claws moderate, free. 

This genus is a most anomalous one, and in the 
present condition of the classification of the CurcuUonida}, 
its position must remain an open question ; it could be 
placed quite satisfactorily in the Otiorhynchidai were it 
not that no mandibular scar exists : the mandibles, 
indeed, are so formed at the apex, that no deciduous 
pieces could be seated on them ; while their sharp front 
and prominent angles, may perhaps be found to be 
a functional substitute for the deciduous pieces. This 
structure of the mandibles, added to that of the tips of 
the hind tibiae, distinguishes the genus satisfactorily from 
Copano'pachys, which is unquestionably its nearest ally ; 
the two genera possessing a great similarity of facies. 

1. Meotiorhynchiis querendus. 

Elougato-ovalis, niger, fusco-griseo-squamosus, limbo irregu- 
lariter pallido ; opacus. Long, 10-10 j mm. 

Rostrum short and broad, rugose in front, with a deep channel 
on the middle ; eyes moderately prominent ; antenna) short and 
stout. Thorax rather long, curvate at the sides, obsoletely sculptured, 
covered with very small sordid scales, with an obscure channel on 
the middle. Elytra elongate, quite narrow at the base, where, 
however, they just exceed the width of the base of the thorax, 
thence becoming broader for about one-fourth or one-fifth of the 
length ; acuminate at the apex, finely striate, covered with minute 
scales, which are of an almost viniform dark colour, except at the 
sides where they become more or less pallid, though in a very 
variable manner. Legs stout ; apex of hind tibite very large. 

Mr. Lewis procured a small series of this very 
interesting insect at Hakodate, in Yezo. One of the 
specimens is a very beautiful variety in which the upper 
surface is maculate, somewhat as in Copanopachys tigrinus, 
with numerous pallid marks, the scales that are almost 
uniformly dark in the typical form, being, moreover, 
metallic. This example is a little smaller than the 
others, and slightly different in outline, so that it may 
possibly prove to be of a distinct species. 

Rhynchophorous Coleoptera of Japan. 8? 

PiAzoMiAS, Schonterr. 
1. Piazomias velatus, Chev. ? 

Piazomias velatus, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 
xvi,, 1873, p. 164. 

I enter this in the Japan list, solely on the authority of 
M. Roelofs, who says of it, " Tres commun an Japon." 
There are, however, no examples of it in the Lewis 
collection. Indeed, I have not yet seen any Chinese 
example of the genus that agrees with the Japanese 
exponents, and Chevrolat described the species from 

2. Piazomias lewisii, Roel. 

Piazomias lewisi, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 
xxii., 1879, C.R., p. liii. 

This species was not described in M. Roelofs' first 
paper on Japanese Rhynchophora, and 1 think it possible 
that it was this insect he alluded to in his first paper, 
under the name of P. velatus : in which case, the latter 
name should be withdrawn from the Japanese cata- 

According to Mr. Lewis's collection, this is by no 
means a prominent insect in the Japanese Coleopterous 
fauna ; he found a few specimens in the island Kiushiu, 
in April, and one at Kobe, on the south coast of the 
Main island. 


Scepticus, Roelofs, op. cit., xvi., 1873, p. 158. 
1. Scepticus insnlaris, Roelofs, I. c. 
This species has been found sparingly in various 
localities throughout the three islands, from Nagasaki to 
as far north as Sapporo. 



Amystax, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xvi., 
1873, p. 159. 

1. A. fasciatus, Roelofs, I. c, p. 160, pi. ii., fig. 2. 

88 Mr. David Sharp oji the 

A few specimens only have been obtained of this 
species. It is apparently very variable, but the material 
does not enable me to decide certainly that there is 
more than one species. Two individuals (without exact 
locality) have the elytra longer, and narrower, of a very 
dark colour, and marked behind the middle with two 
separated spots instead of a fascia. 

Kiushiu, at Nagasaki and Ichiuchi in April. 

Blosyrus, Schonherr. 
1. Blosyrus japoniciis, n. sp. 

Niger, fusco-squamosus, sordidus, antennis piceis, prothorace 
brevi, medio carinulato, elytris globosis, interstitiis leviter convexis. 
Long. 6^ mm. 

Antenna) short, third joint scarcely longer than the second. 
Rostrum very short, not longer than broad, flat, with distinct 
angular transverse depression in front of the eyes. Thorax 
short and broad, very strongly transverse, rounded at the 
sides, with an obscure carina on the middle, most distinct in front ; 
the surface squamose ; with a few very minute shining granules. 
Elytra much broader than the thorax, convex and globose, with 
series of rather coarse punctures, the interstices broad, slightly 
convex, and set with very short set*. 

The sculpture and clothing in this insect are more or 
less obscured by the dirt with which the insect becomes 
covered. There is a longitudinal channel on the middle 
of the head in two examples ; in two others it can 
scarcely be detected, perhaps owing to its being 
obliterated by dirt mixed with an exudation. 

Awomori and Sapporo : four specimens. 


Catapionus, Schonh., Gen. Cure, vi., 2, p. 245 ; Roelofs, 
Ann. ent. Belg., xvi., p. 155. 

M. Roelofs has examined the type species of this 
genus, and has informed us that the G. viridimetaUicus 
of Japan is certainly congeneric with it. He has also 
called attention to some errors in Lacordaire's description 
of the genus, and has added three other species from 
Japan : I should certainly not have recognized Lacor- 
daire's description of the genus as being applicable to 

Rhynchophorous Coleoptera of Japan. 89 

these Japanese insects, had it not been for M. Roelofs' 
investigation. The genus is very closely allied to 
Ctieorhinus, whereas Lacordaire places it in the Bary- 
notides ; but, as 1 see no reason to doubt the correctness 
of the conclusion M. Roelofs arrived at, I accept it ; as 
also his decision that the other species he describes, as 
belonging to the genus should really be placed in it. 
The Gneorhinus ? nodosus, Motsch., was not known 
to M. Roelofs, but it has been obtained by Mr. Lewis 
during his recent journey, and should, I think, also 
be associated with the other species of Catapionus 
at present. Although very different in appearance and 
in several details of its structure from the C. viridi- 
metallicus, it is approached in so many points by C. 
clathratus, Roel., that I hesitate to make it a new 

1. Catapionus nodosus. 

Gneorhinus t nodosus, Motsch., Etudes ent., ix., 1860, 

p. 21. 
Dermatodes nodosus, Harold, Deutsche ent. Zeitschr., 

1877, p. 359. 

Nikko, Subashiri, Miyanoshita. 

The species has been received by Mr. J. H. Leech 
from China (Kiu-Kiang and Ichang), and I have 
an individual in my collection labelled as being from 

C. nodosus has the rostrum broader at the apex, 
and more angularly prominent on each side, the man- 
dibles are shorter, and each elytron is strongly lobed at 
the base. Harold's subsequent reference of this insect 
to Dermatodes was certainly erroneous. 

2. Catapionus clathratus, Roel. 

Catapionus clathratus, Roelofs, op. cit., xvi., 1873, 
p. 157. 

This was described from a single specimen. In 1881 
Mr. Lewis procured a small series of examples at 
Nagasaki, Kashiwagi, and Otsu, in the months of June 
and July. There is very little variation amongst 
them, though the species has been found in two of the 

90 Mr. David Sharp on the 

3. Catapionus modestus, Roel. 

Catapionus modestus, Eoelofs, t. c, p. 156. 

This is at present the rarest species of the geaus. 
I have before me three examples found at Nikko and 
Shimonosuwa, on the Main island. 

4. Catapionus ohscurus, n. sp. 

Xiger, griseo-squamosus, plus minusve obscure fusco-varie- 
gatus ; prothorace rugoso, medio obsolete sulcato ; elytris inter- 
stitiis alternis paululum magis elevatis. Long, cumque rostro, 
7-9 mm. 

This is closely allied to C. gracilicGrnis, Eoelofs, but is 
much smaller, and has shorter antennae, with the third 
joint only about half as long. The rostrum is nearly 
parallel-sided, a little broader in front : the third joint of 
the antennas is a little longer than the second ; the club 
is black, in marked contrast to the other parts : the 
rostrum has, on the upper part, an indistinct lateral 
groove on each side, in addition to the vagae median 
depression. The thorax is narrower in front than at the 
base, but little rounded at the sides, the base nearly 
truncate. Elytra with rounded shoulders and fine serial 

Found during the month of August, 1881, at several 
localities in the centre of the Main island : seventeen 

5. Catapionus gracilicomis, Roel. 

Catapionus gracilicomis, Roelofs, op. cit., xvi., 1873, 
p. 157. 

This was described from a single individual found at 
Hakodate ; it appears to be the least rare of the species 
in the northern parts of the Archipelago. 

Hakodate, Sapporo, Junsai, all in the island of Yezo. 

6. Catapionus viridimetallicus, Motsch. 

Cneorliinus viridimetallicus, Motsch., Etudes, ent., ix., 
1860, p. 21 ; Catapionus viridimetallicus, B.oe\oh, 
Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xvi., 1873, p. 155. 

Yezo ; Hakodate, Sapporo : very common. 

Rhynchophorous Coleoptera of Japan. 91 

Teachyrhinus, geu. nov. 

Corpus rugosum, sordidum, sat elongatum, setis erectis parce 
vestitum. Scrobfe laterales, latse. AntenuEe scapo sat elongate 
setoso, apicem versus crassse. 

Distinguished from Tro.chyphloeosoma by the more elongate 
rostrum, with longer scrobes. and by the comparatively elongate 
form of the body. The mandibular scars are distinct, the scrobes 
are very broad, owing to the arching of their upper margin, which 
causes them to encroach a little on the upper face of the rostrum, 
but the general direction and position of the scrobes is that of the 
Brachyderides, rather than that of the Otiorhynchides : there are 
no ocular lobes or vibrisste, the eyes are rather small, nearly cir- 
cular not prominent. The nasal plate is extruded so as to form an 
abrupt prominence. Femora not dentate : claws small, not 
connate. Metasternum very short : second and third abdominal 
sutures extremely deep ; second segment equal in length to the 
part of the first segment that lies behind the coxas. Tarsi rather 
small : tips of hind tibiaj slender, minutely mucronate. 

This insect has somewhat the facies of Trachyphloeus. 
It may be described as a connecting link between 
Amystax and T r achy phhco soma. It differs from the 
former by the scrobes which are broader, attain the eye, 
and are somewhat visible from above. The abrupt 
prominence of the nasal plate is peculiar. 

1. TrachyrJdnus sordidus, n. sp. 

Piceus, suboblongus, rugose sculpturatus, setosus, parcius 
obscureque squamosus ; prothorace sat elongato, medio canali- 
culato. Long, 5, lat. 1| mm. 

Antennce obscure red, scape rather long, with very distinct erect 
set« on the lower margin, 2nd joint rather long, 3rd a little shorter, 
4-8 differing but little in length, the 8th slightly broader than the 
preceding, about as long as broad ; club oval, moderately long 
and stout. Nasal plate small but peculiarly prominent, placed 
entirely in front of the antennal insertions : front of rostrum 
rather broad, rugose ; eyes entirely lateral, rather distant from the 
thorax. Thorax nearly as long as broad, slightly narrower than the 
elytra, curved at the sides and a little narrowed behind, coarsely 
and very deeply rugose. Elytra rather narrow, very little narrowed 
in front, very coarsely sculptured, but covered with an exudation 
mixed with dirt, which obscures also the small scales ; the erect 
setaj very distinct, slightly clavate. In the male there is a deep 

92 Mr. David Sharp on the 

oblong impression on the metasternum and first abdominal seg- 
ment : the apical ventral segment is prominent, and broadly 
but vaguely impressed. The female is of less elongate form, and 
has the breast unimpressed. 

Nagaski, in April : a dozen examples. 

Trachyphl(eosoma = {Trachyphloeops, Roel.), n. syn. 

Trachyphloeosoma, Wollaston, Ann. Nat. Hist., iv., 

1869, p. 414 ; Trachijphlceops, Eoelofs, Ann. Soc. 

ent. Belgique, xvi., 1873, p. 165. 

I can find very little to distinguish as species the St. 

Helena Trachyphlaiosoma setosum, Woll., from the 

Japanese Trachyphlceops setosus, Roel., and as genera I 

can see no distinctions. It therefore becoraes necessary 

to change the name of the latter species as being later. 

The genus has only a superficial resemblance with 

Trachijphlaeus, next to which it is usually placed. 

1. Trachyphloeosoma roelofsi, n. n. 
Trachyphlceops setosus, Koel., t. c, xvi.,p. 166, pi. ii., fig. 5. 
Nagasaki, in March : apparently very rare. 


Episomus, Schonherr. 

Episomus, Schonherr, Disp. Meth., 1826, p. 126; 
Pascoe, J. Linn. Soc. Zool., xi., p. 163. 

1. Episomus turritus. 

Lagostomus turritus, Schonh., Gen. Cure, i., p. 613; 
Episomus turritus, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. 
Belgique, xvi., p. 164. 

This species has been, after several misconceptions as 
to its position, referred to Episomus. It may be pro- 
bably separated as a distinct genus (with E. mundus), 
but this may be left undecided at present. 

E. turritus appears to be a common insect in China, 
and is probably not rare in the Southern parts of Japan. 
One of Mr. Lewis's specimens is labelled *' found only on 
Aralia maximowiczi." It is a very variable insect in 
colour, size, and, to a less extent in sculpture. I have it 
from various localities in China, including Kiu Kiang 
(Pratt) and Shanghai. 

Rhynchophoroiis Coleoptera of Japan. 93 

2. Episomus mundus, n. sp. 

Squamosus, subtus cretaceo-albidus, supra fuscus, utrinque late 
albido-plagiatus, apiceque albido, antennarum apice nigro ; supra 
vage sculpturatus, hand tuberculatus. Long. 14 mm. 

Slightly smaller than E. turritus, with more slender 
limbs, and at once distinguishable by the absence of 
tubercles on the elytra. The surface is very densely 
covered with extremely minute scales, and the system of 
coloration is more like that of E. turritus than of other 
species of the genus. There is a single very deep groove 
along the middle of the rostrum, but no lateral rugce. 
The thorax has no transverse folds or grooves, and it is 
only obsoletely and sparingly rugose, but there is a 
broad longitudinal impression along the middle con- 
sisting of two parts separated on the disc. The elytra 
seen in profile, ai"e at first flat or nearly so, but then rise 
greatly so as to be very convex ; they are sculpture with 
series of irregular, large, not deep pits, separated only 
by quite small interstices. A single specimen only has 
been found of this elegant insect, it does not appear to 
be related to any species but E. turritus. 

Yuyama, in Kiushiu, May 12th, 1881. ^ 



Myosides, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xvi., 1873, 
p. 164. 

This genus comes near to Coenopsis, from which it is 
distinguished by the larger interval between the eye 
and the scrobe, the former being placed also nearer to 
the thorax. 

1. Myosides seriehispidus, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. 
Belgique, xvi., p. 165, pi. ii., fig. 4. 

Apparently not uncommon, about Nagasaki in March ; 
two specimens were also met with on the Main island at 
Miyanoshita in April. 

2. Myosides pyrus, n. sp. 
Dense fusco-squamosus, subpyriformis, setis erectis tenuibus 
parce vestitus ; elytris minus brevibus, basin versus fortiter 
angustatis. Long. 3i mm. 

94 Mr. David Sharp on the 

Antenna3 piceous, with elongate scape. Rostrum moderately 
long, very densely squamose except on the very definite angular 
space that limits the nasal plate ; the tip very distinctly bi'oader. 
Eyes round, slightly prominent. Thorax short, not much more 
than half as broad as the elytra, densely squamose, but with 
minute seta3 placed i ii punctures that are concealed by the squa- 
mosity. Elytra narrow at the base, but becoming much broader 
behind, convex, finely striate, very densely squamose, with erect, 
moderately long, slender setae. Legs piceous, moderately long, 
setose and feebly squamose. 

This little weevil somewhat resembles Episomus in its 
general form. By the expanded tip of the rostrum it 
differs considerably from M. seriehispidus , and ap- 
proaches Peritelus. Probably a distinct genus should 
be established on it. The claws are not connate. 

A single individual was met with at Nikko, Main 
island, in June. 


Arrhaphogaster, Eoelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xvi., 
1873, p. 163. 

The affinity of this genus appears to be with Phlyctinus. 
It differs from Celeuthetes by the scrobes being anterior 
instead of lateral. From Phlyctinus it is distinguished 
by the scrobes being foveiform instead of linear. The 
claws are not connate. The scar of the mandible is 
not very large, but is distinct on the left side, less so 
on the right one. 

1. Arrhaphogaster pilosus. 

A. pilosus, Roel., Ann. Soc. ent. Belg., xvi., p. 164, 
pi. ii., fig. 3. 

Yokohama, April 1880: rare; Roelofs, I.e., records it 
from Hakodate on Yezo. 

AsPHALMUS, gen. n. 

Antennae, anteriores, scapo sat elongate. Rostrum brevissimum, 
haudpterygiatum. Femora dentata. Corpus setis tenuibus depressis 

The insect for which I propose this new genus is 
similar in appearance to the European Omias hohemanni, 
from which it is distinguished by the scrobes whose 

Bhynclioplioruus Cohoptera of Jajmu. 95 

posterior part encroaches on the front of the rostrum, so 
that they are separated only by a prominent^ somewhat 
narrow, space ; by the dentate femora and by the body 
being clothed with depressed instead of erect seto3. 
From Arrliaijliogaster it is distinguished by the smaller 
interval separating the scrobes above and by the 
dentate femora. The eyes are quite small, but rather 
prominent, and are placed far in front of the thorax. 
The latter is without trace of vibrissfB or ocular lobes. 
The presternum is only about half as long as the notum, 
the cox£e being placed almost at its front margin. The 
metasternum is extremely short ; the hind coxre are very 
widely separated. The abdominal sutures are moderately 
deep. The tips of the hind tarsi are very slender. The 
claws are small, equal, connate. These characters bring 
the genus somewhat near to Peritelus, though the two 
are not all similar. The Japanese insect is distinguished 
by the form of the rostrum and scrobes, and the hair-like 
clothing of the body. 

1. Asphalviiis japonicus, n. sp. 

Fusco-rufus, pube grisea depressa, parce vestitus ; prothorace 
densissime, ruguloso-punctato ; elytris profunde crenato-striatis, 
interstitiis convexis. Long. 4, lat. 2 mm. 

Rostrum very short, eyes placed almost half-way between the 
front of the thorax and the base of the antennae. Scape moderately 
long, sub-curvate, thickened from base to tip. Head densely punc- 
tured, sub-foveolate above the eyes. Thorax very densely, not 
coarsely rugose-punctate. Elytra convex, ovate, much broader than 
the thorax, with rather broad and deep crenate striie, the interstices 
convex, and furnished with depressed pallid hairs. Ventral 
segments shining, with only distant and rather fine punctuation. 
Tooth of front femora quite distinct, of the hind almost 

Of this distinct insect eight specimens were met with 
on the Main island at Shiba in Tokio, in May, 1880. 

Oraoiotus, n. gen. 

Ex affinitate generis Otiorhynchi. Corpus parvum fere nudum. 
Femora omnia dentata. Scrobes magnse, antennis superne parum 
late distantes. Oculi parvi, fortiter convexi. Tibiae tenues, 
apicibus nullo modo dilatatis. 

96 Mr. David Sharp on the 

The small weevil for which I establish this genus, has 
the facies of an Omias, such as 0. concinnus, but it 
appears to be more closely allied to Otiorhynchus, 
of which it might form a sub-genus, were it not that the 
scrobes of the antennge in their upper part encroach more 
on the front of the rostrum, and are consequently less 
widely separated than in Otiorhynchus. 

AntennEe moderately long, scape slender at the base, much 
thicker at the apex, extending beyond the front margin of the 
thorax. The rostrum short, thicker at the apex, distinctly 
pterygiate, the true scrobes quite short and convergent, but the 
rostrum above them excavated, so that the front of the rostrum is 
in the middle comparatively narrow. Eyes small, very convex. 
Front coxiB almost imperceptibly separated. Mentum with 
a short peduncle, and not filling the buccal cavity. Mandibular 
scars small but distinct. Third and fourth ventral segments 
not very short. Front femur with a large tooth, middle and 
hinder with smaller teeth. TibiiB slender at tips, the posterior 
with two excessively minute spurs at the lower angle. 

1. Omoiotus ovatus. 

Gracilis, testaceus, capite thoraceque dense punctatis, illo inter 
oculos foveolato; thorace elongate, elytris multo angustiore ; his 
f ortiter, regulariter, seriatim punctatis, interstitiis leviter convexis. 
Long. 4 mm. 

Second and third joints of antennre rather elongate, the 
latter a little the longer, slender. Rostrum and head very 
densely punctate, the former short, but little longer than broad, 
without nasal plate, with a small deep fovea between the eyes ; 
these remote from the thorax, very prominent. Thorax rather 
long and narrow, slightly longer than broad, curved at the sides, a 
little broader at the base than in front ; densely i-ather coarsely 
punctate, rugose at the sides but not along the middle. Elytra 
rather slender, ovate, the series of punctures remarkably regular, 
each puncture rather large, the interval between each and the next 
very small : the interstices extremely regular, and bearing some 
minute depressed hairs ; the series of punctures are ten, the outer 
one being placed very near to the margin, and obsolete behind. 
Ventral segments shining, almost smooth. 

Two specimens were found, but the exact locality has 
not been recorded. This little insect is of considerable 
interest owing to its great approximation to the European 

Rhynchophoroiis Coleoptera of Japan. 07 

genus Otiorliynchuis. It is^ in fact, all that has been 
discovered in Japan to represent the great genus that 
has several hundred species in Europe. 


The Japanese species of this division are not very 
numerous, but it is probable that a good many others 
remain to be discovered. 

There is but little difficulty in distinguishing- the 
genera. These are eleven in number, and may be 
tabulated as follows : — 

Prothorax without ocular lobes or vibrisste. 
Claws connate. 

Scrobes visible from front. 

Rostrum with prolonged front angles . . Diallohius. 
„ simple, as usual at tip .... Phyllohius. 

Scrobes entirely lateral Scythropus. 

Claws free. 

Scrobes widely separated. 

Antennae longer than the body .... EumyUocerus. 
Antennse not longer than the body. 

Second joint of antenna? short . . . Macrocorynus. 
„ ,, „ long .... Myllocerus. 

Scrobes separated on upper surface by only 
a small space. 
Rostrum with a recurved process at tip . Anosiinus. 
„ without ,, ., „ . Hyperstylus. 

Prothorax with vibrissas or ocular lobes. 

Prothorax Vith vibrissse but not lobes . . . Chlorophamts . 
„ without vibrissas, but with lobes. 

Rostrum rather slender, broader at tip . . Phytoscaphus. 
„ thick, not broader at tip .... Canoixus. 

Phyllobius, Germar et Auct. 

The Japanese species of this genus appear to be 
numerous, and I have no doubt others will have to be 
added to those here mentioned. 

The species are far from being closely allied to those 
found in Europe, though the existence of the genus 
in Europe and Japan, and its representation in each of 
the two provinces by numerous species, is the chief 
character that could be cited as evidence of an affinity 
between the Otiorhynchid ftiunaD of Europe and Japan. 

TEANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 189G. — PART I. (mARCU.) 7 

98 Mr. David Sharp on the 

1. Phyllobius longicornis. 

P. lonqlcovnh, Eoelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xvi., 
p." 106. 

The male of the insect I identify as tliis species, has 
the trouf^h, or gouge-shaped depression, on the terminal 
ventral plate very deep, and the preceding two segments 
are more or less deeply, broadly impressed; the first 
abdominal segment is only shghtly impressed on the 
middle, and the metasternum has no angular prominence 
on either side of the median impression. The front 
tibia) have only a slight sinuation of the inner margin 
below the middle ; the hind tibise have a very feeble 
concavity of the inner face of the apical part. The head 
has only a slight swelling of the surface posterior to the 
eyes. The antennae are very long ; the upper surface of 
the insect is rather densely covered with minute green 
scales, and there is no long pubescence. 

M. Roelofs did not at first distinguish between this 
species and P. lyrolonrjatus, and most of his specimens 
in the Lewis collection belong to the latter species. 
Altogether I have examined eight specimens of P. longi- 
rorui.s : the localities are Nikko, Yokohama, Oyama, and 
>\livanoshita, on the Main island; Hakodate inYezo. 

2. P/tijIIohius prolongatus: 

P. prolongatus, Motsch., Bull. Soc. Moscow, 1866, i., 
p. 180. 

I accept, as representative of this species, an individual 
in Mr. Lewises collection, determined by one of the 
German authorities who examined Herr Killer's Japanese 

P. prolongatus is closely allied to P. longicornis, and 
is densely covered with golden-green scales, but has 
the male characters much less remarkably developed, 
the depression of the last ventral plate being com- 
paratively slight, and the preceding two segments being 
simple; the tooth of the front femur is considerably 
smaller, and all the femora are less swollen. In the 
female the ventral segments are more bare than they are 
in P. lungicornis. 

Rhynchophorous Coleoptera of Japan. 99 

I have seen twenty specimens of this species ; they 
vary a good deal in colour and in the vestiture. Most of 
the series were procured at Nikko, but the species was 
also met with at Miyanoshita, Higo, Bukenji, Oyaraa^ and 

3. Phyllohiiis armatus. 

P. armatus, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xviii., 
C.R., p. cxxviii. 

This species was described by M. Roelofs from a single 
pair, found by M. Van Volxem, and was not represented 
in the first collection made by Mr. Lewis, I refer to the 
species six examples found by Mr. Lewis at Nikko, 
Tokio, and Oyama. The insect is rather more robust, 
and has a broader after-body than its allies, and is 
distinguished, in addition to the remarkable characters 
of the male, by the conspicuous, soft, upright pubescence 
with which the body is clothed. In addition to the 
remarkable structure of the male front tibia3, described 
by M. Roelofs, it should be noticed that the hind tibia3 
have a slight excavation on the apical portion of the 
inner face, that the metasternum and first abdominal 
segment are impressed, but that the apical ventral 
segment is not trough-like, but vaguely irregularly 
impressed. It is not noticed in M. Roelofs' description 
that the antennte are in larger part black, and that there 
is a vague, denuded black stripe, along the side of each 

4. PJiyllohius annectens, n. sp. 

Gracilis, niger, viridi-squamulatus, pube laxa, erecta, minus dense 
vestitus ; antennis elongatis, tenuibus, ex parte rufis. Long. 8-9 mm. 

This is allied to P. armatus, and is distinguished from 
other species, except the one mentioned, by the erect, 
soft pubescence clothing the body. The front tibiee of 
the male are like those of P. armatus, but are more 
slender; while on the ether hand the hind tibias are 
more evidently dilated at the tip, and more deeply 
emarginate on the inner face. 'L'he abdominal characters 
of the male are like those of P. armatus, but the apical 
ventral plate is more regularly depressed in a longitudinal 

100 . Mr. David Sharp on the 

manner along the middle. I'he female may be distin- 
guished from the same sex of P. arinatiis by the narrower 
form, the absence of a denuded stripe on the side of the 
wing-case, while in general appearance it is intermediate 
between the species named and P. lo)igicorms. 
Nikko and Kashiwagi, in June. 

5. Phyllobius rotundicolUs. 

P. rohindicollis, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xvi., 
p. 167. 

This remarkable species is distinguished by the pecu- 
liar ashy or cinereous clothing of the upper surface, which 
has a more or less indistinct metalhc shimmer, but is 
entirely absent from a broad stripe on the side of the 
wing-case : the clothing is more like hair than scales. 
The eyes are very convex^ and the head above them is 
much ssvoUen. There is great difference between the 
sexes. The apical ventral segment of the male is 
broadly and deeply impressed, and the segments in front 
of it are also more or less impressed, as well as the hind 
part of the metasternum. The teeth on the femora are 
elongate and spiniform. 

P. rotundicollis is apparently a rare insect, and has 
only been met with at Nagasaki. It occurs in early 
spring: Aprill2th, 1881. 

6. Phyllobius nigritus, n. sp. 

Nigricans, hand squamosus, pube tenuissima erecta parce 
vestitus, pedibus antennisque rufo-obscuris, his tenuibus, per- 
elongatis. Long. 7 mm. 

This species differs from the other Japanese Phyllobii 
hitherto brought to light by the absence of scales or 
coloured hairs, resembling in this respect the European 
P. ohlongus, to which, however, it is, in other respects, 
but little allied. The antennae are as slender as those of 
any species I have seen of the genus, and are also very 
long; the club is particularly slender, and is acuminate. 
Head coarsely rugose, inflated above the eyes, depressed 
between these, which are very convex. Thorax very 
densely rugose-punctate, opaque. Elytra with very 
regular series of punctures, the interstices slightly con- 

Rhynchophurous Coleoptera of Japan. 101 

vex ; the very fine hair is quite short in front, but on the 
apical part is longer and more conspicuous. The femora 
are each armed with a remarkably prominent tooth, that 
On the middle and hind femora being more abrupt and 
spine-like than usual. 

The male differs much from the female, being of more 
long and slender form, with the antennse somewhat 
longer and the femora more inflated. The breast and 
the first ventral plate are depi-essed in the middle, and 
the terminal ventral segment is broadly, rather deeply im- 
pressed ; there are slight depressions on the penultimate 
and antepenultimate segments. 

Hitoyoshi in Kiushiu, May 8th, 1881 : a small series. 

[Phyllohius picipes.] 

P. picipes, Motsch., Etudes ent. ix., p. 20 (1860) ; 
Desbrochers, Abeille, xi., 1873, p. 660. 

Motschoulsky's description is of little importance, but 
he remarks that the species is 4-5 mm. long, that it 
resembles P. argentatus, and that the eyes are *^sub- 
prominuli.'^ Desbrochers' description was made from a 
specimen sent by Motschoulsky to Jekel ; and of this 
Desbrochers says that the eyes are " tres-saillants, tres- 
detaches.^' This renders it clear that Motschoulsky 
mixed together at least two very distinct species — the 
prominence of the eyes being of very great importance 
in the Japanese Phyllobii — and 1 think his name should 
be consigned to oblivion. 

7. Phyllobius japonicus. 
Minor, niger, sat dense viridi-squamosus, pedibus antennisque 
rufo-obscuiis, his clava nigra. Long. 5 mm. 

t Phyllobius japonicus, Faust, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1., 1889, 
p. 221. 

Distinguished from the other species by smaller size, 
and by stouter, less elongate antennse, as well as by the 
almost total absence of external sexual distinctions. The 
clothing consists of minute, brilliant green scales, which, 
however, are nob closely placed, and of short pubescence, 
which is fine and not erect, and therefore inconspicuous. 
The eyes, though strongly prominent, are not so much 
80 as in the various preceding species. The form of the 

102 Mr. David Sliarp on the 

rostrum and scrobes is that of P. calcaratus. The scape 
is strongly bent, moderately long and stout, the club 
rather short ; there is no swelling over the eyes. The 
thorax is small, much narrower than the elytra, nearly 
straight at the sides. The elytra are rather long and 
narrow, and have no denuded lateral stripe. All the 
femora are dentate, the tooth being rather broad and 
short; the hind tibias are somewhat cut away on inner 
face of their lower half, and this part is minutely ci'enate 
or tuberoulate. 

Kashiwagi, in the southern part of the Main island, 
June 20th, 1881 : a small series. 

Two females have no metallic coloration, the elytra 
being covered with a fine pubescence somewhat as is 
P. nigritus. I consider them to be only a variety of 
P. japonicus. 

P. japonicus was described by Faust from a single 
example, said to be of the female sex. It is not quite 
clear from the description that it is certainly this species, 
but I cannot reconcile Faust's description with any other, 
except this species. 

8. PhyUohius polydrusoides, n. sp. 

Squamulis Isete viridi-micantibua dense vestitus ; antennis 
scapo in medio abrupte curvato, fere angulato. Long. 5 mm. 

This is a very remarkable species, of which only one 
example has been found. It has the appearance of a 
Polydrusns more than of a PhyUohius, and the head has 
a marked angular prominence on each side over the eyes, 
much the same as in Pohjdrusus pterygOmalis. The scape 
is short, nearly black, just before the middle abruptly 
bent, the outer part incrassate, the club short, and not 
acuminate. Eostrum very short, the scrobes not definite, 
but attaining the eye ; this latter convex very remote 
from the thorax, the front of the rostrum quite flat. 
Thorax rather small and short, brilliantly scaled. Elytra 
covered with scales of a beautiful green colour, without 
any admixture of pubescence, the series of punctures quite 
distinct, the external one deeply impressed at the tip, 
and broader, so as to mark off there a sort of inferior 
margin. Legs black, clothed with some setae, tarsi 
piceous. Femora each armed with a slender tooth, that 
on the anterior being minute. 

Rhynchophorous Coleoptera of Japan. 103 

This species might be separated as a distinct genus. A 
single example only was found at Kashiwagi^ June ] 9th, 

9. Phyllohins incomptns, n. sp. 

Dense griseo-squamosus, iii elytris maculis obscuris indistinct is 
subvariegatus, antennis rufis ; femoribus vix incrassatis, dente 
minuto armatis. Long. 5h-G mm. 

This appears to be somewhat allied to P. pomonx, 
though of a different colour and with a longer rostrum. 
The upper surface is densely covered with adpressed 
scales, without any mixture of pubescence : the scales 
are of a very pallid grey colour, and on the elytra are 
very faintly mottled by some irregularly distributed 
darker patches. The antennae are unicolorous, pale red. 
The thorax is short only slightly curved at the sides, and 
a little narrowed towards the front. The elytra are 
rather long, become distinctly broader behind, and 
notwithstanding their dense clothing of scales have very 
evident punctate-strite. The under surface is densely 
squamose. The legs are pale red, but much clothed 
with scales and seta3, there is a distinct tooth on the 
middle and posterior femora. I do not see any sexual 


10, PhyJlohius leecJii, n. sp. 

Dense griseo-squamosus, hand variegatus, antennis rufis ; 
femoribus in medio leviter incrassatis, ncc angulatis, nee dentatis. 
Long. 5 mm. 

This is extremely closely allied to P. incomphis, but 
must be separated on account of the unarmed femora, 

I have a single specimen from the late Mr, Fryer's 
collection, given me by J. H. Leech, Esq., and there is a 
specimen in Mr. Lewis' series of Phyllohms found by 
him at Kashiwagi on 16th June, 1881. The specimen 
from Mr. Fryer's collection has the antennae considerably 
shorter than they are in P. incomptus, or in the example 
of P. leechi from Kashiwagi. 

104 Mr. David tSharp on the 

DiALLOBirs, n. gen. 

Generis Phyllobii proxime affinis. Rostrum apice lato, ptery- 
giatum, angulis anterioribus acutis, breviter recurvatis. 

This genus has the facies of the densely scaled specips 
of Pliyllohius — P. pomonpe — e.g., but the peculiar 
dilatation of the apical part of the rostrum, by which the 
scrobes are made anterior and entirely exposed in front, 
is diagnostic. The structure of the parts of the mouth 
appears to be much the same as that of Phyllohins, the 
mentum is, however, rather less slender, so that the 
maxilloB are not exposed ; the minute labial palpi are, 
however, seated on the front of the mentum and quite free. 
There is no trace of either vibrissse or ocular lobes. 

The species of this genus seem to be of great rarity. 

1. DlaUohius iriornatus, n. sp. 

Dense argillaceo-squaniosus, vix variegatu?, antennis rufia, 
femoribus dentatis. Long. 4^-0 mm. 

Antenna rather stout, scape scarcely surpassing the front 
margin of the thorax. Chib, rather short, oval, solid, but with the 
sutures visible. Rostrum very densely and evenly squamose, eyes 
rather large, scarcely prominent, separated by a long distance from 
the thorax, this latter short, slightly curved at the sides, and 
evidently narrower in front than at the base. Elytra very densely 
squamose, without any pubescence, the series of fine punctures 
very distinct notwithstanding the sqiiamosity. Under surface also 
densely squamose, but the clothing is on the abdomen less perfect, 
on the apical segment there being merely hairs, or rather setae, 
instead of scales. Legs rather stout, all the femora with a 
definite tooth. 

Two specimens found by the late Mr. Fryer. The 
smaller specimen is probably the male. 

2. DlaUohius mundus, n. sp. 
Dense squamosus, pallidu.^, subviridis, antennis rufis; femoribus 
iutermediis et posterioribus fortiter dentatis. Long, bh mm. 

Similar in appearance to the European P. pomonsf 
and allies ; extremely densely covered with adpressed 
scales, of a pale colour, with a very slight tinge of green, 
and here and there slightly iridescent or metallic. In 

Rhyncho'phorous Ooleoptera of Japan. 105 

most other respects extremely closely allied to D. 
inornnbis, the front femora are, however, though dilated 
and angular beneath, provided only with a very minute 
tooth. The legs are red, but on their anterior aspects 
are densely squamose. 

I have seen only two specimens of this elegant insect. 
They were found in the Main island at Nikko and 
Kashiwagi in June. It should be noticed that Mr. 
Lewis found at Nikko a single immature individual of a 
species of Phyllohmis that resembles JJ. mundus almost 

o. Diallohius leivisi, u. sp. 

Niger, minus dense viridi-aureo squamosus, antennis pedibusque 
rufis, illis clava nigricante ; femoribus omnibus maxime dentatis. 
Long. 6^ mm. 

A very remarkable insect, of which only a single 
specimen was found, it is a male; it differs greatly from 
the other two species of the getius, and bears in fact a 
relation to the first division of Phyllohius, similar to that 
exhibited by D. mundus and trwrnatus to the second 
division. Rostrum with the broad apical part very 
definite, not squamose, feebly bicarinate before the eyes. 
Scape of antenna nearly straight, broad at the extremity, 
8th joint about as long as broad, club moderately long, 
acuminate. Eyes moderately large, but little prominent, 
encroaching somewhat on the front of the head. Thorax 
rather large, much rounded at the sides, only a little 
narrower in front than behind, sparingly covered with 
brilliant, hair-like scales, which do not conceal the 
sculpture, this consists of moderately coarse and close 
punctures, with the interstices dull, owing to a minute 
coriaceous sculpture. Elytra with rows of large punc- 
tures, black and shining, with brilliant hair-like scales. 
Legs very peculiar, the femora flat, with extremely large 
triangular acute tooth ; tibite also compressed, so as to 
exhibit an edge externally, the lower part of each rather 
deeply emarginate, so that a sort of obtuse angle is 
formed above the middle. Under surface, shining, black, 
with very little clothing. 

Kashiwagi, June 22nd, 1881. 

106 Mr. David Sharp on the 

ScYTHROPUS, Schoulierr. 

1. S. scutellarisy Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 
1873, p. 179. 

Yokohama : four specimens. This insect is apparently 
really congeneric with the European 8. mustela ; it has, 
however, the front of the rostrum differently formed — as 
pointed out by M. Roelofs — and, in addition to this 
distinction, the remarkable fringe of sette on the outside 
of the apical portion of the hind tibia is wanting in the 
Japanese species, 

Macrocorynds, Schonherr. 

1. Ilaci'ocorynus discoidei)s, 01., Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. 
Belgique, 1873, p. 167. 

This E. Indian species was not found in Japan by 
Mr. Lewis during his last visit. Previously the species 
was only met with at Kagoshima, so that it is probably 
confined in Japan to the extreme south. 

Myllocerus, Schonherr. 

Six species of this genus, all peculiar to Japan, have 
been described by M. Roelofs, and I now add three 
others. M. ahnormalis might, however, be placed in 
Macrocorynus with as much propriety as in Mi/Ilocerns. 

1. Mijllocerns naso, n. sp. 

Densissime squainosus, brunneus, in elytris vage pallide-varie- 
gatus, caplte inter oculos canaliculate. Long. 7 ram. 

Very distinct from the other Japanese Mylloceri, and 
more closely allied to the Siberian M. sibiricus, Tourn. ; 
readily distinguished by the structure of the apex of the 
rostrum ; the depression of the nasal plate being much 
prolonged on to the rostrum, and forming above a very 
acute angle, surrounded by a remarkably deep and definite 
angular groove, which is prolonged as a fine smooth 
space along the middle of the rostrum, becoming more 
deeply impressed between the eyes, so as to form a short 
channel there. Scape long, rather densely setose, 2nd 
and 3rd joints of antenna very long, club elongate. 

RhyncJiopho7'ous Goleo'ptera of Japan, 107 

acuminate. Eyes coarsely facetted. Thorax much 
narrower than the elytra, nearly straight at the sides, 
and almost as broad behind as in front, the base very 
feebly bisinuate ; the surface squamose, but with a few 
large punctures, rendering it uneven. Elytra densely 
squamose, and with minute and very short sette, rising 
from among the scales; the interstices a little convex, 
and the series of punctures quite distinct. Legs rather 
long, densely squamose, slender, hind femora with a 
distinct small tooth, the others almost imperceptibly 

Higo, a Province in Kiushiu : one specimen. 

2. Myllucerus hlllerl. 

Myllocerus hilleri, Faust, Stett. ent. Zeit., 1., 1889, 
p. 222. 

Minor, dense griseo-squamosus, variegatus, setis erectis armatus, 
antennis rufis, baud crassis, sat dense setosellis ; femorihus dente 
parvo instructis. Long. 4-5 mm. 

Antennfe not long, rather slender, 2nd and .3rd joints only 
moderately long, the 3rd scarcely so long as the 2nd. Rostrum 
flat in front, not carinate or impressed, eyes rather small, quite 
lateral. Thorax small, greatly narrower than the elytra, not 
in the least sinuate at the base, very slightly nari'ower at the base 
than in front ; the surface densely squamose, the squamosity paler 
at the sides, the numerous setae emei'ging from the squamosity 
very minute. Elytra extremely finely striate, the strife not 
visibly punctate, densely squamose, the .squamosity sordid grey, 
with some very irregular nearly white patches, and a few darker. 
The erect sette very distinct. Legs slender, rather short. 

This insect reminds one of the European Pseudo- 
myllocenis sinuatus, but the claws are not connate. 
Amongst the Japanese species it can only be confounded 
with Myllocerus griseus, or viridulus, but is very 
distinct from them by the smaller thorax, smaller eyes, 
and by the very conspicuous setee of the elytra. It also 
differs by the flat front of the rostrum, and by the 
extreme shallowness of the excision that forms the 
buccal cavity. 
, It was found in considerable numbers at Oyama. 

108 Mr. David Sharp on the 

Notwithstanding some slight discrepancies with Faust's 
description, I have little doubt this is the species he had 
before him. 

o. Myllocerns (?) ahnormalis. 

Compactus, dense squamosus, variegatus, antennis pedibusque 
crassis, dense squamosis, illis variegatis, tibiis compressis intus 
subdentatis. Long. G mm. 

This insect is remarkable from the incrassate antennas, and 
Otiorhynchus-like rostrum. The scape is broad, compressed, 
densely squamose and setose, brown, 2nd joint also brown, 
joints 3-7 stout, covered with white squamosity, 8-11 black, the 
last three forming a compact club. Rostrum broad at the tip, 
scrobes large, converging inwards abruptly, so that the prominent 
intervening space is but narrow ; ej^es large, rather prominent. 
Thorax rather large, deeply bisinuate at the base, narrowed in 
front, extremely densely squamose. Elytra densely squamose, in 
colour at the base as if scorched, on the middle pale, immediately 
behind the pale scales, a dark patch, the apical part coloured like 
the front of the body of a pale fawn colour : striation obscure on 
account oE the squamosity. Legs very densely squamose, femora 
dentate. Under-surface densely clothed with pale squamosity. 

Of this distinct weevil only one individunl was pro- 
cured. Hitoyoshi, May 5th, 1881. 

4. Myllocerus variahilis. 

MyllocerKfi cariahilis, Eoelofs, Ann. 8oc. ent. 
Belgiqne, xvi., p. 168. 

5. Myllocerus castaneus. 
Myllocerus castaneus, Eoelofs, p. 168, t. c. 

6. Myllocerus fumosus. 

Myllocerus fumosus, Faust, Deutsche ent. Zeitschr., 
xxvi.j p. 261. 

7. Myllocerus nigromaculatus. 

Myllocerus nigromaculatus, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. 
Belgique, xvi., 1873, p. 169. 

Rhynchophorous Coleoptera of Japan. 109 

8. Mijllocerus griseus. 
Myllocerus griseus, Roelofs, f. c, p. 170. 

9. Myllocerus eleganhdus. 
Myllocerus elegant ulus, Roelofs, loc. cit, 

10. Mi/llocems viridnlus. 
Myllocerus virldulus, Roelofs, t. c, p. 171, 

EuMYLLOCERUS, n. gen. 
Ex affinitate generis Mylloceri ; antennae tenues, corpora pauIo 
longiores; rostrum adapiceoiYix incrassatum ; oculi sat prominuli, 
a thorace subremoti. 

The very elegaut insect for which I establish this 
genus, is remarkable for its long slender antennee. It is 
densely clothed witli beautiful pale green-golden scales, 
somewhat after the fashion of Phyllobius and Polydrusus. 
The scrobes are visible from the front, and have no 
prolongation. The mentum and the emargination for its 
reception, are remarkably small ; there is no trace of 
ocular lobes or vibrissa?. The legs are slender, the 
femora not dentate, the claws rather large, free. The 
hind coxae less widely separated than in many of the 
allied genera. 

1. Eumyllocerus gratiosus, n. sp. 

Dense pallide viridi-squamosus, micans ; antennis rufis, valde 
elongatis, clava elongata, gracile. Long. (U-7 mm. 

Scape elongate, slender, strongly curved, all the joints of the 
f unicle very elongate, club slender, distinctly triarticulate. Rostrum 
very densely squamose, nasal depression elongate and narrow, a 
minute elongate fovea between the eyes, these moderately large, 
prominent. Thorax small, as broad in front as at the base, sides a 
little enhirged in the middle, base feebly bisinuate. Elytra sub- 
inflated, densely squamose, with numerous extremely minute 
pallid setae in addition to the scales, finely striate, interstices broad, 
slightly convex. Scutellum long. Legs slender, nearly black, 
but with much pale green squamosity ; tarsi paler, slender. Under- 
side of head deeply trifoveolate, and with a fine transverse 
impression, passing from the outer fovea to the front of the eye. 

Kioto and Kashiwagi, in the mouth of May : seven 

110 Mr. David Sharp on the 


Byperstylus, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xvi., 

1873, p. 171. 
1 . Hij'pprsti/lus 2^Mipes, Roelofs, I. c, p. 172. 

This elegant little weevil is very like a Folydrusus, 
but is distinguished by the scrobes being placed quite on 
the front of the very short rostrum. 

Bukenji : one individual. 


Anosimus, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 1873, 

p. 173. 
1. Anosimus decoratns, Roelofs, /. c, p. 174, pi, iii., fig. 8. 
A. pallidus, Roelofs, I. c. 

The species exhibits two distinct forms, which I believe 
are the sexes, the male having the tibiae dilated and 
angulate on the middle of the inner margin, and the 
peculiar apical process of the rostrum more abruptly 
elevated and pi'olonged. I cannot distinguish A. pallidus 
as a separate species. Neither can I treat the genus as 
being provided with an ocular lobe on the prothorax. 

Nikko and Hitoyoshi, in May and June : apparently 
very rare. 

Chlorophanus, Germar, Auct. 

Considerable difference of opinion has prevailed as to 
whether the peculiar chin-piece found in some members 
of this genus be a specific character or not. It is 
certainly a sexual character peculiar to the male sex, aud 
occurring only in certain species of the genns. The 
females are characterised by the possession of an ex- 
tremely long mucro at the extremity of the middle tibia ; 
this sex is also provided with a peculiar structure, in the 
form of a very hard chitinous body, probably an ovi- 
positor or piercing instrument, which, being frequently 
protruded, looks like an organ of the other sex ; it is, 
however, bifid, whereas the oedeagus of the male is single 

Rhynchophorous Coleoi'>tera of Jafan. Ill 

and acuminate. The females of several species have the 
last ventral plate peculiarly formed. 

I. Clilorophanns grandis. 

C. graudift, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. Ent. Belgique, xvi., 
1873, p. 162. 

Vak. higuhrig, n. var. Major, long. 15 mm., obscure fuscus, 
elytrorum vitta lateral! fere nulla. 

Var. metallescens, n. var. Supra laate metallicus, prothorace 
distincte ruguloso ; subtus pallidus. 

A small series of this species was procured near Oyama, 
in May, 1880. Although the two varieties to which I have 
given names, seem at first sight very different from the 
type form, I feel sure that lugubris will prove to be con- 
nected with the usual state of C. grandis. I have seen 
only two examples of this form ; they were also found at 
Oyama; a specimen found at Yokohama is apparently 
intermediate. Of the variety metallescens only a single 
individual was found, the locality being also Oyama; as 
the sculpture of the thorax is an important character, it 
may possibly prove to represent a distinct species, very 
closely allied to C. grandis. 

2. CJiIorophanns planus, n. sp. 

Dilute viridis, pallide pulverulens, parum convexus, prothorace 
elytris que vitta laterale parum discreta flavescente ; prothorace 
brevi, lateribus obliquis hand curvatis ; elytrorum acuminibus minus 
flongatis ; corpore subtus albido-viridescente. Long. 10 mm. 

Pallid green, without metallic lustre. Antennae quite short, 
their club reddish, the other joints black but with much white 
clothing. Rostrum short, a little narrowed towards the tip. 
Thorax not in the least rugose, base almost straight. 

This species is readily distinguished from C. grandis 
by the characters mentioned above as well as by being 
only half the size, and by having the yellow stripe of the 
elytra extending over two interstices instead of one. The 
male has the chia-piece of the presternum not per- 
ceptibly developed. The female has the tibial inucros 
much longer than they are in the male. 

Nikko, June, 1880 : five specimens. 

112 Mr. David Sharp on thr 


Canoixus, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, xvi., 
1873, p. 172. 

1. Canoixus japonkus, Roel., I.e., pi., iii., fig. 7. 

This very remarkable insect has not been found again. 
It has little or no relationship with Corrlgetus, though it 
has been suggested that it is possibly identical therewith. 

The locality has not been recorded, but probably the 
insect was found at Nagasaki. 

Phytoscaphus, Schonherr. 

1. Phytosca/phus ciliaris, Roel., Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 
1873, p. 176. 

This is a true Otiorhynchid though its appearance 
suggests some doubt as to this fact. It was not met 
with again by Mr. Lewis on his last journey. 


Ftochus obscuripes, Motsch., Bull. Mosc, 1866, p. 180. 

According to the description this is not a Ptochus, but 
belongs probably to the winged series of Otiorhynchides. 
It appears to me impossible to identify it from the 


SiTONES, Germar, Auct. 

1. Sitones jai)onicas,lR,oQ\oh, Knu. Soc. ent. Belgique, 
xvi., 1873, p. 160. 

Sitones is one of the most difficult of the genera of 
Coleoptera, the species being distinguished by slight and 
unimportant points. I think there is more than one 
species in Japan, but the material yet obtained is not 
sufficient for a certain conclusion on this point. 

Edgnathus, Schonherr. 

The position of this genus has been quite misunder- 
stood. It is so close to Sitones that it is difficult to point 
to good characters for the distinction of the two ; but I 

Rhijnchojjhorous Coleo-ptera of Japan. 113 

find that in E. dlstinctus the scrobes are more widely 
distant from the eyes than the}' are in Sitones. 

1. E. distinct m, Roelofs, Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 
1873, p. 179. 

E. distinclus seems to be rather common in Japan, and 
varies greatly in size. 

Parasitones, n. geu. 

Generis Sitonidis per afiinis ; corpus crassum, convexum, meta- 
sternum brevissimum. 

I can see nothing to distinguish the species for which 
I establish this genus from Sitones except the short 
metasternum, and the comparatively short and convex 
form. I presume, from the rounded form of the elytra, 
and the absence of shoulders, that the species is apterous. 

1. Parasitones gravidus. 

Latus, convexus, niger, capite thoraceque parce setoso-squamosis ; 
elytris griseo-squamosis, obsolete maculatis. Long. G|, lat. 3| mm. 

Antennfe short, obscure red, the club darker, 2nd joint rather 
shorter than the 3rd, club acuminate. Eyes rather large, a little 
convex. Rostrum short, closely and deeply rugose-punctate, deeply 
impressed along the middle, the depression broader in front ; the 
sculptui'e only slightly obscured by the griseous setositj'. Thorax 
rather large, not so long as broad, much rounded at the sides, base 
scarcely at all broader than the front ; tho sculpture remarkably 
coarse, only slightly obscured by the clothing, which is inter- 
mediate between setse and scales. Elytra broad and convex, 
narrowed at the shoulders, so that the base is only very slightly 
broader than the base of the thorax, densely clothed with minute 
scales, which are griseous in colour, but varied with small darker 
spots, somewhat after the manner of Liophlceus nuhihts, bearing 
also a few short, sub-erect sette, most conspicuous on the apical 
part ; they are striate, and the broad interstices are slightly 
convex on the declivity, the striaj are punctate, at the base the 
punctures become very large, but this sculpture is much obscured 
by the clothing. Under-surface black, sparingly setose. 
Hakone : live specimens. 

KuRiLONUs, nov. gen. of doubtful position. 
Mandibula; prominentes, apicibus laminatis, rotundatis. Ungui- 
culi liberi. 

Mandibles prominent, and forming two laminate, rounded, 
TRANS. ENT. SOC. I.OND, 1896. — PART I. (30th MARCH.) 8 

Ill- Mr. David Sharp on the 

divergent processes, without trace of any scar, Mentum very 
broad, but not entirely filling the buccal cavity, a narrow chink 
being left on each side ; borne on a short very broad peduncle. 
Rostrum moderately long and broad, without nasal plate, scrobes 
exposed above in front, but afterwards lateral and descending, 
moderately broad and definite. Antennae sub-terminal, funiculus 
7-jointed, the 7th joint very abruptly separated from the 
club. Thorax elongate, without ocular lobes or marginal cilise ; 
coxal cavities nearer to the front than to the hind margin. Front 
tibias produced internally at the tip, inner margin not denticulate. 
Middle coxte slightly separated ; mesosternal side-pieces sub-equal 
in size. Metasternum quite short. Hind coxEe not widely 
separated ; first ventral segment behind the coxae, only equal 
in length to the second, which again is but little longer than the 
third or the fourth, these two being almost similar. Hind tibiae 
broad at the tip, but the outer margin is laminate, not cavernose. 
Tarsi pubescent beneath ; claws rather small but not contiguous at 
the base. 

This genus seems to be an extremely isolated one, and 
it would be very difficult to assign it a place in any of 
the divisions of Lacordaire, or of Leconte and Horn. I 
think it had better therefore form a distinct group 
to be placed between the Otiorhynchides and Cylindro- 
rhinides. In appearance it is more like Otiorhynchidas, 
than any other of the groups of Rhynchophoraj and is, in 
fact, somewhat similar to an elongate nai'row Liophla'us. 
The structure of the mandibles would on the N. American 
system, quite remove it from the Otiorhynchid«, and I 
should myself take this view, were it not that in some 
species of the genus Peritelus — P. senex, e. g., one of 
the sexes has the mandibles formed in a somewhat 
similar manner. The genus is, however, certainly not at 
all allied to Peritelus, and it seems almost equally widely 
separated from Meotiorhynchus in which an abnormal, 
and again somewhat similar structure of the mandibles 

Kiirilonus insolitus, n. sp. 

Elongatus, niger, elytris hispidis, setisque minutis depressis 
vestitis ; antennis piceis. Long, cumque rostro 11-12 mm. 

Antennae moderately long, scape thicker towards the extremity, 
attaining the eyes but not passing beyond them ; not squamose, 
but bearing a few long setaa ; "Jnd joint of funiculus quite as 

Rhynchophorous Coleoptera of Japan. 115 

long as the Ist; club rather small, very compact, pubescent, 
acuminate. Rostrum narrower than the head, nearly twice as long 
as broad, strigose-rugose, unimpressed, with a fovea between the 
eyes, these moderately large, rather convex. Thorax rather longer 
than broad, rounded at the sides and considerably narrowed 
in front, covered with a peculiar dense intricate sculpture, with a 
narrow smooth space along the middle. Scutellum very short and 
broad, but quite distinct. Elytra elongate oval, base as broad as 
the thorax, shoulders not prominent ; covered Avith a fine sculpture 
rendering the surface somewhat leathar-like, and bearing, in 
addition to long erect setae, some fine depressed setae, representing 
scales : there is no trace of striation or punctuation. Under- 
surface destitute of scales ; ventral segments quite shining 
sparingly punctate. 

Mr. Lewis received five examples of this interesting 
insect from Ketoi one of the Kurile Islands, in 1881. It 
raises a lively desire to know something more of the 
insect fauna of these islands, of which we are at present 
in almost complete ignorance — at any rate, so far as the 
Coleoptera are concerned. 

( 117 ) 

V. Notes on Flower -Haunting Biptera. By Geoege 
Fkancis Scott-Elliot, M.A., B.iSa, F.L.S., etc., 
communicated by Herbert Goss, F.L.S. 

[Read February 10th, 1896.] 

I HAVE recently been enga^^ed in writinf^ a Flora of 
Dumfriesshire, and on beginning, it seemed to me advis- 
able to make a new departure in several respects from 
the plan usually followed in such works, which is 
practically that of the late Mr. Hewett C. Watson drawn 
up in 1851. Amongst other points I have thought it neces- 
sary to observe insect visitors, and for this reason. The 
entire dependence of most flowers on their insect clientele 
for fertilisation has been proved over and over again, 
and therefore it follows that to understand the distribu- 
tion of species in any small area, it is necessary to know 
the insects which visit the species in that area. More- 
over there are many theories at present abroad as to the 
origin of variations by natural causes, and as most 
botanical characters depend on those parts of the flower 
which are adapted to insects, the importance of a know- 
ledge of these latter can scarcely be overrated. 

Besides their importance in this respect, as being a 
possibly direct agency in the origin of variations in 
plants, insects must play an enormous indirect part in 
the isolation of flowers. If flowers of the same species 
are growing partly inside a sheltered and shady wood 
and partly on the bare ground outside that wood, it 
seems to me, from my own observations, that they will 
most certainly not be visited by the saine insects. It is 
not improbable that a Bombus or hive bee, or possibly 
a butterfly, will visit both the forms outside the wood 
and those within it ; but I do not think 1 am at all rash 
in saying that probably not 5 per cent, of those outside 
will be fertilised by pollen from those inside the wood, 
and vice versa. This means, for reproduction, nearly 
perfect isolation, and, therefore, just as we iiud in the 
case of oceanic islands, the formation of new varieties 
may proceed indefinitely. 


118 Mr. G. F. Scott-ElHot's notes 

I must, however, state at once that I have no pre- 
tensions to be an entomologist, and that in the deter- 
mination of the insects 1 have not attempted any naming 
on niy own part, but have trusted entirely to the 
kindness and skill of Mr. R. Service and Mr. E. 
Brunetti. The flowers, whose visitors have been caught 
by myself or my friends the Misses Hannay and Taylor 
and Mr. Armstrong, are nearly 300 in number, and in 
the work alluded to, the insects are put in their proper 
place after the locality of each species.* I found, how- 
ever, as I proceeded with the catching of insect visitors, 
several very great difficulties. One is the want of any 
handy book of English Diptera by which one could tell 
the particular group of Diptera at a glance when in the 
field. I do not see why such a book should not be very 
easily produced by some of the members of the Entomo- 
logical Society. About five plates ought to enable one 
to tell at once the group (AsilidR% Bombylidie, Gunopida?, 
Dolichopida?, Empidiv, LeptidcV, MiiscidcV, Stratiomyidx, 
Syrphida', etc. ; there are twenty groups or families 
given in Midler's " Fertilisation of Plants," p. 641. The 
number of species given in this work is 253, so that a 
short account and clavis of each genus and of the 
species in c.;/., Syrphidw and Boinhylidx would not make 
a book of more than a hundred pages. 

The next difficulty was insuperable. It is not possible 
to be at the side of every flower in the flora for every 
hour in the day, during the whole time that it is in 
bloom, for obvious reasons. I question if it is possible 
to do in a thorough manner, more than six species in a 
season. Hence the visitors of these oOO flowers are 
simply the usual common forms. 

The first interesting point which I noticed with regard 
to both Diptera and Hymenoptera was that they are 
extraordinarily quick to see even the slightest motion. 
By remaining perfectly still one can observe the shyest 
Syrphid at work, but a very slight gesture of the hand 
is sufficient to send it ofl" like a flash, and unless one 
remains very still there is no chance of getting the 
majority of visitors. 

The next point, which can only be proved by observa- 

■'-■ A list of insects with the flowers which they visit is placed 
at the end of this paper. 

on Floiver-Haiinting Diptera. 119 

tion, remembering tlie foregoing hint, is mentioned chiefly 
in order^ if possible, to get some information from those 
present at this Meeting. I have come to the conclusion 
that the majority of Diptera have a recognized space up 
and down which they are continually flying. I have 
frequently had to remain as quiet as possible for three 
hours beside some interesting flower, and on these 
occasions I have seen the same fly perpetually flying up 
and down within perhaps 10 or 15 yards, occasionally 
stopping to rest and then resuming its patrol. For the 
carrion flies the phenomenon is veiy easy to observe, 
and I fancy that the whole country is really marked out 
into beats for each individual or pair. If a piece of 
carrion or excrement is deposited on a particular spot, 
it is astonishing that it should be so soon covered by 
hundreds of Lncilia Caesar, Scatophaga, etc. In fact, 
I have a strong suspicion that these creatures divide the 
ground in the way that vultures do in tropical countries, 
and that when the first one detects the smell, the 
difierence in his flight or his absence from his proper 
place tells that in the next beat, and so on ; the know- 
ledge is thus conveyed with astonishing rapidity from 
beat to beat, and crowds continue to flock in until the 
first comers are satisfied and fly back to their places. I 
mention this as the result of observation, though not by 
an entomologist, and chiefly with a view to extracting 
information. The importance of it will be obvious with 
regard to the question of isolation already mentioned, for if 
every fly, or at any rate, most of the flower-haunting species 
usually remains or remain in the same small locality under 
ordinary conditions, it is obvious that there is practical 
isolation in very circumscribed habitats. The larval 
forms of Diptera and the plants on which they feed seem 
to be very little studied, and this is also of great impor- 
tance to botanists, because I fancy that this has a great 
deal to do with the occurrence of flowers in great 
numbers at definite places. Thus on the bare wind- 
swept low-lying seashore, between the Annan and Kirtle, 
I found the Diptera very few in number and particularly 
limited in species. Such flies as Lucilia, Anthomyia 
radicum and Chortophila, appeared to fertilize most of the 
seaside plants. On the other side of the Solway, 
where there are cliffs, and these are interrupted by 
bays and many small burns, the abundance of 

120 Mr. G. F. Scott- Elliot's notes 

Diptera is extraordinary. I suspect the shelter 
afforded by these bays aud valleys has much to do with 
this abundance. 

Speaking generally, these flower-haunting Diptera 
appear to be far most frequent on plants which grow in 
enormous numbers wherever they do occur. Ihus on 
Spergiila arvensis I found Syritta, three species of 
Platychirus, Bhingia, Empin vitripennis and many 
Anihomyia, Scatophaga, etc. This was also the case 
on the common watercress, which is visited by Volucnlla 
homhylans, EHstalis arhustorum, E. sepulchralis , Helo- 
phihis pendulus, Syritta pipiens, Platychirus dypeatus, 
P. peltatuf!, Empis lici<hi, and fourteen other Diptera and 
Coleoptera. Ou the more local and scattered N. pahistre 
I only discovered three common Anthomyids. 

Probably this explains why it is that so many plants 
have taken to contracting their inflorescence so that a 
very large number of flowers cau be visited by insects in 
a very short time. 'J'hus, of all the plants which 1 have 
studied, perhaps the following are the most visited by 
Diptera and other insects, viz., the dwarf elder, sheepsbit, 
ITmheUifcra', particularly Cicuta and Angelica, and of 
course the Composita', notably Aster tripoUuni. 

On flowers which come early in the spring or late in 
the autumn, there is, in favourable weather, quite an 
extraordinary number of insects. I consider this to be 
probably due to the whole available insect force being 
concentrated on just those few forms which happen to be 
in bloom. 'J'he following list of visitors : — Hive bee, 
five species of Bovihus, Pieris napi, EristaUn pertinax, 
Sericomyia horealis, Platychirus albimanus, Syrphus 
halteatus, S. topiarius, Antliumyia radicitm* would be at 
once supposed to belong to some very high type of flower, 
such as a Labiate, but in reality they were all caught on 
the common bramble or blackberry, which probably 
attracted them because the special bue-flowers were not 
then in bloom. Similarly the early spring buttercup or 
pilewort rejoices in a large number of guests, e.g.. Hive 
bee, Mantiui napi, Melanostoma, Platychirus albimanus, 
Empis piunctata, E. bilineata, Hyetodesia basalis, Chilosia 
sp., Anihomyia sp., and Meligethes. 

'■■'• By the author, Miss Hannay, and IMr. J. C. Willis. 

on Flower-Haunting Diptera. 121 

One point which comes out very clearly in many 
different cases is also illustrated by the buttercups. 
That is, that the water-loving forms of a genus, such as 
in this case R. aquatilis and B. sceleratus, are visited by 
perfectly extraordinary swarms of very low-class Diptera, 
while the guests of the land-forms though fewer in 
number, are of a much higher type (^.g., R. ficaria, 
V.S.). These water species of a genus are also usually 
botanically less specialised than their land allies,* so that 
the specialisation of the insects and of their hosts has 
advanced together. 

This corresponding rise in the scale of specialisation 
of guests and host together comes out very clearly in a 
variety of genera, and is strongly in favour of the 
correctness of the general theory to which I shall allude 
later on. Thus Geutn urbanum is yellow and of a simple 
open type, and is visited by Siphona geniculata, 
Hydrotea dentipes, Anthomyia radicnm, and Hylemyia 

Geuni rivale is red and of a very much more com- 
plicated type, and this is visited by Bomhns muscorum 
and hortorntii, as well as RJtingia rostrata. 

Epilohium angustifoliunb has also a larger, more 
tubular and one-sided flower than the ordinary willow 
herb E. monfanum. Hence ono finds upon it the hive 
bee and bumbles as the most regular visitors. {Ajns, 
Bombu-s Jncorum, B. pratonim, Vespa sylvestris, and 
Cyrtoneura stabnlariti). 

The other only received the visits of Syritla pipiens, 
Platychirus clypeatus, tSiphona cristata, and Anthomyut 

The cloudberry, Rubns duirnxmorus, is also either 
degraded or an earlier form of Rubus than the common 
blackberry, and hence it is not surprising that only a 
species of Empis, which Mr. Brunetti thinks is new to 
Britain, Anthomyia radicum, Siphona cristata, and 
Hydrotea dentipes were discovered upon it. Two very 
curious instances of the effect of structure of flower on 
insect visitor may be mentioned in this connection. 
Corydalis, a kind of poppy, belonging to one of the earliest 

i?. sceleratus has small petals, conical axi?, etc., and R. aquatilii 
is white, not yellow. 

122 Mr. G. F. Scott-Elliot's notes 

and least specialised orders, has a corolla closed like 
that of the peas, and its visitors are the regular pea- 
flower types, Apis, three species of Bomhus, Apathus, 
and Andrena. The Lahiatse are, again, of all orders the 
most obviously adapted to bees, and the most constantly 
visited by them; for instance, of the fifteen flowers of 
this order observed by myself and friends, the visitors 
were invariably bumble bees and hive bees, except in one 
case, — Mentha arvensis, — where we found only Scato- 
phaga, Siphona, Hydrofea, Lophius, and Teleplwrus. This 
flower is, again, a water-loving form, and also of very 
mucb simpler structure than any of the other plants of 
this order studied. 

The flower-haunting Diptera are very much more import- 
ant than most observers imagine in fertilisation. Thus 
such genera as Galium, Myosotis, some species of Veronica, 
and the smaller geraniums, particularly G. luciduni, appear 
to be chiefly dependent on 8yrphidss for setting seed. 
Now in Sir J. Lubbock's book, " Ants, Bees, and Wasps," 
these Diptera are somewhat markedly left out in the 
cold," so that a few facts, drawn from my experience, as 
to their colour, sense, and intelligence, may be of interest. 
I am obliged to admit that they are more frivolous than 
bees, and perhaps visit only three flowers in half an hour, 
during which time a Bomhus might visit at least one hun- 
dred. On the other hand, they do not, as a rule, mix their 
honeys, but keep pretty steadily (though not so closely 
as a true bee) to one particular nectar. I have seen this 
particularly with Empis vitriptennis when visiting Linuin 
catharticwm, which was growing along with many other 
flowers. It kept steadily to the Linums for a considerable 

Their colour sense is quite clearly obvious from the 
following table. The most remarkable fact in it is, that 
not one of these sixteen Diptera is confined to yellow and 
white flowers. Sixty-one per cent, of the flowers visited 
by Rhingia rostrata are blue or red, and usually the 
white flowers visited are under 50 per cent, of the 

071 Flower 'Haunting Diptera. 


Number of 










Per cent. 

Per cent. 

Per cent. 


Empis hilineata 





„ livida 






,, nitripennis . . 





■ •• 

Eristalis arbustorum . 






„ i)ertinax . 





• • . 

Melanostoma mellinwn 





MorelUa hortorum . . 






Onesia sepulchralis . 





Platychirus alhimanus 






„ chjpeatus 






„ pianicatus 





„ peltatus . 






Rhingia rostrata . 






Syritta pipiens . . . 





Syrphus cinctellus . . 






„ ribesii . . . 







Bonihua muscoruni . \ 






Andrena albicans . . 




13 1 

Allantus nothi ... 






It thus appeal's that, though BomJjus muscoruni is far 
more red-loving than the higher Diptera, this is by no 
means the ease for the smaller bees. There are in fact 
only four of the sixteen Diptera quoted, which are 
fonder of white flowers than Andrena alhicans and 
Allantus nothi. The fact that blue and purple flowers, 
which are held by Miiller and others to be particularly 
adapted to bees, and almost entirely fertilised by them, 
are very frequently visited by these Diptera, is particularly 
important. Empis hilineata, Platychirus alhimanus and 

^' Miller gives for flies 67*9 per cent, white and yellow flowers 
and 303 per cent, of red and blue ; for higher bees 36*6 per cent, 
white and 63'3 per cent, red and blue, cf. 29 per cent, white and 
71 per cent, red and blue in this table ; for small bees 63'8 
per cent, white and 36'2 per cent, red or blue ; while here it 
is 83 per cent, white and 17 per cent. red. '"Alpenblumen," 1881, 
p. 512. 

124 Mr. G. F. Scott-ElHot's 7iotes 

clypeatus, are more blue in their tastes even than Bombus 
muscorum ; and no less than ten of these sixteen Diptera 
habitually visit flowers of this colour. Very much the 
same deduction can be drawn with regard to their taste 
for red tints, Platychirus moMicatus and Rhingia are 
nearly as fond of red as the Bombus muscorum, and only 
five out of these sixteen Diptera are less fond of red 
than Andrena albicans and Allanfus. 

If, in fact, we taks the average colour-preferences of 
these sixteen Diptera, we find them to be as follows : 
Average of Diptera : 46 per cent, white ; 22 per cent, 
yellow ; 21 per cent, red; 10 per cent, blue ; from which 
it clearly follows that these Diptera are of far more 
advantage to red and blue flowers than either Andrena 
or Allantus. 

When, instead of taking colour in flowers as a base of 
classification, we look to complexity of structure ; we 
find ourselves at once in a position of considerable 
difficulty. The structure of flowers cannot be easily 
brought into perfectly definite and unmistakable groups 
such as are furnished by the four colours already 

If we group flowers according to their natural orders, 
and tabulate insect visits to those orders, the result is 
quite meaningless, because plants belonging to the same 
order, or even genus, are in respect to insects of very 
different complexity. Thus, Geranium sylvaticum, e.'/., 
is visited by insects which bodily enter the open cup-like 
flower; while (jeranium lucid uni is visited by insects 
which stand on the petal and insert the proboscis into 
the narrow short tube. Hence I found on Geranium 
sylvaticum, Ajns, Bomhus pratorum, B. 7)iuscorum, 
Halictus cylindricus, Nomada lateralis, Empis tessellaia, 
E. pennata, E. vitripennis, and sp., Platy chines pel- 
tatuK, P. manicatus, and five Anthomyidx, which could 
not be named. That is a very varied and extensive 

On Geranium lucidum, on the other hand, I only- 
found Syrphus cinctellus, Melanostoma mellinum, Plafy- 
chirus manicatus (though in great numbers) ; but no 
Antliomyidse or Hymenoptera. This represents, of 
course, a very different set of visitors. The difference 
in Leguminosse betwixt the small yellow trefoils and 
Ornithopus and the rest of the order is also most 


on Flower-Haunting Dipfera. 125 

remarkable, and similar differences occur in almost all 
orders and more than one genus. Miiller tabulates 
several orders with their visitors, and his example has 
been followed in this country by Mr. J. C. Willis aud 

However, as a rough classification, in order to obtaiu 
some insight into the intelhgence of these Diptera, I 
arranged all the flowers which I have examined into six 
divisions : — 

1. Uanuncidm group, including all open flowers rich 
in pollen, into which any insect may enter bodily. 

2. Crucifer group, including such forms as Umhelli- 
ferx, Galium, Alisma, as well as all Compositse with 
extremely short florets, such as, e.g., Daisy. 

3. Veronica, Mijosotlx, etc., i.e., flowers with a distinct 
though short tube, and which involve higher intelligence 
in their clients than the preceding. 

4. The long-tubed Compositse such as Cardu us, and also 
Lychnis, etc. 

5. The smaller Legnminosfe, Medicago, Ornithopu>>, and 
Trifolium procumhens. 

6. The larger Legmninosse, 

To these six classes I have added Ajiiga [or Euphrasia) , 
Scilla, and Orchis;. 

The result is expressed on the next page :— 


Mr. G. F. Scott-Elliot's notes 


; ; o : c^ : ; : : : 

: : : : : o 



: : c^ : -*■ : 

u 3 


: : : : : ^ : : '^ ■* 

: CO CO : : : 


. 3 : : c^ : : : ; ra 

: : : : : o 


CO o ^ ■ •^^ • r^ ~' • •-T' 
i-H '^ T-H : -M : ^c lo : " 

(TO fc r^-: -i- : — 1 
ro .-I 'M ■ c^ 

lo o : ^ • ^ : : -t CO o-: o cc o -+ o 

'M rt . rt . — . . ri (M r-i -M .-^ 

t^O-fCiO— iCOO"^<-*t^t^COOt>-CC 

^ 5 « -2 « 

S; S o s 

?i - 




O) o 


M - 


9 (Ml 

^ ^ccco 

Oh '* "^ 




C -^ 

r c K 

O c» *5 

«j S a 

CO <^ .»;, 

s ^ c 
S'« « 

. c ~ 


on Flower-Haunting Diptcra. 127 

In words this may be translated to mean that these 
Diptera are, on the whole, more intelligent than the 
lower class Hymenoptera. 

Three species of Diptera visit species of Orchidacea?. 
In fact, Sijrphus rihesii, Eristalis pertinax, and Empis 
vitripennis, appear to be the main agents in effecting the 
fertilisation of our common British forms. The only 
other insect which I have myself as yet discovered on 
these plants is Argynnis aglaia ; my friend, Mr. Arm- 
strong, however, reports that he has observed certain 
" large brown and sulphur moths " feeding on Hahenaria 
h if alia. ^ 

Nine of these Diptera are found either on the larger 
Leguminoase , flowers of the Bugle type, or on Orchids ; 
and this is sufficient to show a very considerable amount 
of intelligence. 

It is not easy to bring these insects into any series 
which will show their relative abihty, but judging from 
the preceding table, the following is a pretty sound 
grading of their intelligence : — 

Class 1. Bombus. 

„ 2. Empis vitripennis, Eristalis pertinax, 8i/rphiis 

„ 3. Empis livida, Melanostoma, Platychirus alhi- 
manus, P. clypeatus, P. peltatus, RJiingia, 
,, 4. Remainder, including Andrena albicans. 

It remains to point out the bearing of the foregoing 
remarks on the use of Diptera and other insect visitors. 

I have not found any confirmation of certain theories 
which suggest that the actual probing of an insect's 
proboscis, or the friction of its feet have any influence 
in determining the growth of hairs, or the flow of sugar 
to that particular part of the flower ;t it is, of course, 
probable that the continual draining away of nectar from 
a certain spot will induce a larger supply to come to that 
particular position, just as the continual use of a certain 
muscle will produce a greater enlargement of it. It is 
even probable that such a demand for nectar may be 
inherited, but this is not yet proved. 

* I have taken specimens of Leucania turca in the New Forest 
with the pollinia of this species attached to their heads. — H. G. 

t The researches of M. Kustenmacher on Galls, Bot. Gaz., xx., 
p. 497, are, so far as hairs are concerned, rather against this view, 
which is not, to my knowledge, supported by any direct evidence. 

128 Mr. G. F. Scott-Elliot on Floicer-Haunting Diptera. 

On the other hand, I am far more certain of the depend- 
ence of flowers on insects than I was before. When 
such minute forms as Draha verna, Siihnlaria aqnatica, 
or such " typical wind-fertilised " species as the Burnet, 
Salad Burnet, and Dog's Mercury, and species of such 
genera as ThaUdrum and Planfago are found to be 
visited by insects, as I have myself seen in the course of 
my work, it leads one to doubt if wind-fertilisation is 
ever of much use. A simple mathematical proof shows 
that the chances of a piece of pollen from one flower 
reaching that of another growing within a foot of it, is 
about one to three hundred; but if an insect is on one 
flower, for any purpose, the chance that it will go to the 
next visible flower is probably ten to one. 

It seems to mo that these Diptera will probably yield 
the most valuable results in investigating the origin of 
plant species, for they visit all kinds of flowers, and 
possess both colour-sense and intelligence, as I have 
tried to show. In fact, it is to them that we probably 
owe all the neatly made, small and bright-coloured 
forms which are particularly abundant in this country. 
It is not possible now to say definitely, that this or that 
insect is responsible for such a flower (though I think, 
myself, I could say it for certain forms) ; a genus in 
which seven species have been studied by us, and 
on which we have found hive bees and bumbles in all 
cases except two, would imply a very high botanical 
structure. Yet this genus is Hijpericum, the flowers of 
which are very simple. 

Still I think from my own experience, there can be no 
possible doubt either that the flower has modified the 
habits and structure of the insect, or that the insect 
has modified the habit and structure of the flower. Of 
the two, it seems to me, as a botanist, that the flower 
has been the predominant factor ; but this opinion may 
be the result of prejudice. 

Note. — j\Ir. G. H. Verrall, who has kindly looked through this 
paper, says that it is difficult to distinguish Emph cltripennts from 
about twenty closely allied species, several of which are yet un- 
recorded as British ; that Eristaliif jiert'tnnx has never been clearly 
differentiated in print, and that both Syrphus chictellus and 
S. ribesii are very difficult to distinguish from numerous allied 
species. — H. G. 

( 129 ) 

YI. Notes on Pujp^ — Orneodes, Epermenia, Clirysocorys, 
and Pterophorus. By Thomas Algernon Chapman, 
M.D., F.E.S. 

[Read November 6th, 1895.] 

Plates VI. & YII. 

This comraunication is in continuation of my previous 
Notes on Puj)^. (Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1893-94). It 
refers especially to a character of certain pupte, that 
occurs and appears to show a relationship in a large group 
of TM?-eMi«, and incidentally it deals with the plume moths, 
and some forms that have, or are supposed to have, 
affinities with them. 

I may, in the first place, correct two errors in my 
previous papers ; the most important of these, or at any 
rate the one for which I feel I am most to blame, is as 
to the free segments in the Limacodidfe. In the Lima- 
codids, not only are segments (abdominal) 3, 4, 5, 6, free, 
but also 1 and 2, in the sense in which I now understand 
the word, that is, they are not soldered to the wings and 
appendages, and appear to be capable of independent 
movement on each other. It is extremely probable that 
the insect, however, never does so move them, and rarely, 
if ever, indeed, moves the others, being packed closely in 
and well pi'otected by its cocoon. In explanation of my 
error, I may say that these two segments are so closel}' 
applied to the appendages, that when one separates them 
by ti'action in the living pupa one fears to tear the 
delicate pupa to pieces, and suspects that the separation 
is made by breaking down actual slight soldering — an 
occurrence which I have pointed out takes place very 
readily in those pup^ in which the process of fusion of 
the parts is in its early stages, the greater part, that is, 
of the lower " Incompletsi " in fact, such as Limacodids, 
Nepticulids, Adelids, etc. Then in the empty case all 
segments and appendages are so freely separate that this 
state of the pupa throws no light on the extent of solder- 
ing in the living pupa. The error is only of importance 


130 Dr. T. A. Chapman's notes on Pupa", 

as sliowing that the Limacodids must take even a lower 
place than I had given them. 

The other error was as to the structure of the pupa of 
the Nolidx, due to my having only dead or empty pupo3. 
An examination of living pupa3 shows that this pupa 
possesses only one free segment, viz., the fifth (abdominal), 
and is, therefore, probably in no way directly related to the 
Macro-heterocera. I hope to deal with this more fully in 
some future communication. 

There is a pupal piece I have not hitherto referred to, 
having no clear idea as to its relationships, and have 
passed over as a portion of the anterior head cover (or 
face-piece), which no doubt it is. Nor have I studied it 
enough to know its range, except that it occurs chiefly in 
low micro forms. It is often a separate piece between 
the face-piece proper and the dorsal head-piece ; it does 
not divide in the middle line on dehiscence, but remains 
in one piece. It is probably the dorsal-plate belonging 
to the antennal section of the head, as distinguished 
from the face-piece proper, which is the anterior plate 
or plates belonging to the mouth parts. Though it has 
no bearing on the subject of this paper, I take this 
opportunity of calling attention to it. 

In my paper, read Feb. 22nd, 1893, I made it suflS- 
ciently clear that the section Incomplete included the 
more generalised and ancient forms, and that the Ohtectx 
were more specialised and more modern. By putting 
this, however, into a tabular form, I believe I conveyed the 
impression that there was some sort of gulf between 
them, and what is especially erroneous, though much the 
same thing in another form, that the Ohtedx. were more 
closely related to each other than any of them were to 
any of the Inconipletse^ and this misapprehension was 
probably favoured by my taking the number of free 
abdominal segments as the most typical indication of the 
extent to which a pupa belonged to the more generalised 
foi'ms. No doubt that is so, but the other directions in 
which fusion of parts (the character of Ohtectie) has 
failed to obtain, is also of importance. 

The feature of an Incomplete pupa that is usually most 
persistent — that is, appears most frequently in the highest 
forms — is the presence of the portion, that I at one 
time supposed might be an anterior portion of the pro- 
thorax, but which I think there can be no doubt is the 

Orneodes, Epermenia, Chrysocorys, and Pteropliorus. 131 

dorsal-plate of the head, or of the last segment of the 
head, viz., the one to which the eyes belong. This is 
present in no true butterfly, but is present in Skippers, 
and carries the eye-covers with it on dehiscence ; it is to 
be found in a few families of the true Macro-hetewcera, 
some Geometers, the Thyatlridse, and the Lasiocamjyidx, 
suggesting that amongst these we may find the lowest 
families of the macros, and their line of origin from the 
micros. Illogical and exploded as the terms macro and 
micro may be, I still think their retention useful for the 
present, in place of such periphrases as the more special- 
ised and more generalised, etc., meaning by macro the 
higher Ohtectse, and by micro the lower Incompletse, and 
describing intermediate families as possessing such-and- 
such macro or micro characters. In this connection I 
should like to allude to the extent to which I regard the 
Tineina as not being a homogeneous superfamily or 
family. So far as it is not a mere question of names — i.e., 
what we shall call a family, and what a sub-, and what a 
superfjimily, what a tribe, and so forth — but a question 
of fact, that is, of the amount of divergence between the 
several groups, then the pupal structure shows that there 
is a divergence between the Gracilaridai (including Litlio- 
colletes), the Nepticnlida}, and the Argyresthidie, which is 
much greater than that between, say, any family of 
Noctuina and the NotodontidEe. 

That this view is not without foundation is tolerably 
evident when we find Prof. Packard, whose authority 
on such a matter is of the highest, not merely dividing 
one genus of Tinem {Micropteryx) into two families, which 
was all I had courage for, but erecting one of them 
{Eriocephalidai) into a suborder, and the other as an 
equivalent to all the remaining families of Lepidoptera. 

Being somewhat emboldened by this advance, and 
adopting Prof. Packard^s conclusions on this point, and 
reviewing the apparent relationships of the most gene- 
ralised forms of Lepidoptera, feeling also that we have 
not sufficiently realised the extent of our unacquaintance 
with very many forms that are required to bridge over 
the divergences that exist between even these earliest 
forms, an ignorance due to our not having met with 
them, not having learned their life-history so as to under- 
stand their positions, or, and most frequently no doubt, 
to their no longer existing, I would suggest that there 

132 Dr. T. A. Chapman's notes on Pufee, 

were other families of PalFeoleindojitera (Packard) 
besides the Micropterygklx. Hejncdus, and Nepticula, 
and possibly Psyche, being derived from Palieo- 
lejndoptera, without any intermediate forms that we 
now possess, and yet certainly not from the Ilicroptery- 
gidm ; and that the lines of evolution diverged from this 
low point. 

Micropteryx unquestionably led directly to the Adelidse, 
(^Prodoxidai, Packard) via Incurvaria, and thence to the 
great mass of the families of Tineina, including two at 
least of the families I have before me in this paper. 

There happens to be one character (pupal) which first 
appears in the Adelidfe, and which may, I think, be 
taken as strong evidence that any family possessing it 
belongs to this series. This character is a remarkable 
narrowing of the prothoracic plate, and a great increase in 
the size, especially longitudinally, of the dorsal head 
plate (cephalothoracic piece). This conformation gives a 
very definite facies to all the forms that possess it to any 
decided degree, in consequence of a further fact, that is 
always more or less associated with it, though why it 
should necessarily be so is not very clear — this is, that 
the narrow ribbon of prothorax forms a depressed neck, 
and the head swells out in front, sometimes with quite a 
globular projection. 

This series is especially the Tineid as distinguished 
from theTortricid stirps, beginning with the Adelids and 
passing through the Tineid^', with sundry branches, 
reaching in Epermenia the critical point in which it 
passes from the micro to the macro type. Having 
Orneodes as a definite and probably terminal form derived 
from this point, but passing on to the higher families 
that I have called Pyraloids, a term I desire to restrict to 
forms usually classed as Tineina, making the Pyrales a 
separate group, but including with them Depressaria and 
some other so-called Tineid families. 

These Pyraloids include Yp)onymeuta, Argyresthia, 
Plutella, Laverna, Elachista, etc. All these are char- 
acterised like the Pyrales, and like the whole lower part 
of this stirps by the pi^eservation of the maxillary palpi, 
not only in the pupa but also in the imago. Coleophora 
deserves separate consideration : it is not only equally 
high with these in having a generally obtect form of pupa 
(five and six only, free in both sexes), but is higher in 

Orneodes, Ejjermenla, Chrysoconjs, and Pleroplwrus. 133 

having lost the maxillary palpi. It is, however, lower, in 
one sense perhaps higher, in having carried the cha- 
racteristic peculiarity of the stirps to an extreme point, 
viz., the prothoracic plate is dwindled to so narrow a 
quantity, that in many species (I cannot, of course, 
answer for all) it is quite evanescent in the middle line. 

For these and for the following reasons also, I am 
inclined to claim for Coleophora that it is derived from 
Adelidfe by a line of descent pai'allel to (and of course 
as long as) that of the Pyraloids, but quite separately 
at least from a very low point. I am too ignorant to be 
able to say that all intermediate representatives have been 
lost, but they have not yet been recognised by me. The 
other points of resemblance are especially that the some- 
what unusual structure of the last segments of the pupa 
of Coleoplwra is almost identical with that of Lamproni'a 
and some other Adelids, of BucciiIatricV and other of the 
lower forms. That it is a casebearer like AdeUdre is, 
of course, not without its significance, though it would 
not be difficult to believe this to be an independently 
acquired habit. Another important point of resemblance 
is in the ovipositing apparatus. 

No doubt these are structures given to great variation 
and may differ exceedingly in closely related forms, but 
when we consider the remarkable specialisation of this 
apparatus in Adelids, and that this is practically lost in 
the Pyraloids, it seems impossible to believe that almost 
precisely the same apparatus would be again elaborated 
for a purpose that would be served by a much sim2:)ler 
structure equally well. 

In Mirro'ptenjx the dorsal plates of the ninth abdominal 
segment form a cutting knife. In Inciirvaria the dorsal 
plate of the eighth is partially modified for its support. In 
all the other Adelidm I have examined, both dorsal plates 
are extremely modified (as described by Dr. Wood, 
Ent. M. M., vol. 27, p. 175), one as a knife and the other 
as a support. In Coleophora the structure is almost pre- 
cisely the same, except that the horny knives of the 
Adelids, hard, sharp, and polished for cutting plant 
tissues, are in Coleophora rounded and furnished with 
tactile hairs, and are adapted for searching in inflorescence 
and for a nidus for the eggs, but not for cutting. 

I may refer parenthetically to Gracllaria and Litho- 
colletis, which have advanced to the stage of having the 

] 34 Dr. T. A. Chapman^s notes on PujJX, 

first four abdominal segments fixed, retaining- the normal 
armature and method of dehiscence of micros ; they have 
the large head-piece characteristic of this series. They 
have also lost the maxillary palpi, so that they are not 
in the direct line to the Pyraloids and must be regarded 
as occupying a terminal position in that branch of the 
series to which they belong — and probably came from 
Adelids by way of Tischeria, missing Tinea. 

One more immediate object in this paper has reference 
to the degree of relationship, or want of it, existing 
between Orneodes and Ptevoplwrus. Chrysocorys also 
has long been associated with Fferopliorus in our list, and 
as Orneodes and Chrysocorys both belong to this series 
with large head plates, it is necessary to refer to it 
thus in some detail. I have associated with them the 
genus (family) Epermenia, as it occupies a somewhat 
critical position in the series. 

It is remarkable that the pupa with the free seventh 
segment of the male has so universally the habit of 
emerging from the cocoon. Pterophorus was for a long 
time the only exception I knew of. But Epermenia forms 
another. Since it may very naturally be supposed that I 
regard this unusual coincidence as evidence of alliance, I 
hasten at once to say that I think it has no such signifi- 
cance. The fact is that the habit and the structure 
appear to have always been lost together, except in the 
case of Pterophorus (and again in Hepialus, which is the 
reverse case) ; and the wonder is that there should not 
be more instances than that of Epermenia, in which we, 
as it were, surprise the change actually occurring, and 
find that the habit does cease a fractional time before the 

If we suppose Epermenia, which preserves the maxillary 
palpus, to lose the freedom of the male seventh segment, 
we have in essentials the pupa of these families, which I 
group together as Pyraloids, viz., Elachista, Laverna, 
Asyc/ina, Plutella, ArgyrestJiia, Yponymeuta, and some 
others. Pyrales differ little from these except in the 
much diminished size of the dorsal head-plate and, in the 
higher genera, in the appendages not projecting beyond 
the fourth abdominal segment. Still I have not yet quite 
satisfied myself that the Pyrales are really a continuation 
of this series. 

Orneodes diflfers from Epermenia in losing the mobility 

Orneodes, E2')erme7iia, Clirysocorys, and Ptero^liorus. 135 

of the seventh segment, but it loses also the maxillary 
palpus, so that it is not in the direct line of the Pyraloids, 
but a lateral branch. 

Clirysocorys retains the same formula of free segments 
as Tinea, and has retained also the habit of emerging from 
the cocoon for dehiscence. It has, moreover, entirely modi- 
fied and altered the dorsal armature of the abdominal 
segments which most forms that retain that habit pre- 
serve, and has in all its stages attained a very modified 
and isolated position. 

Pteropliorus presents as a pupa no point of connection 
at all near to any of these others. As to its relation to 
Clirysocorys, the pupge of both belong to the forms with 
three free segments in the female and foar in the male. 
This is, however, a very large group, and possesses forms 
as far apart as Tortrix, 8esia^ Cossus, Tinea, Simfethis, 
Castnia, etc., and it is quite possible, perhaps even pro- 
bable, as I have already suggested, these have more than 
one line of origin from lower forms, so that this does not 
go very far in showing relationship. 

Pteropliorus has acquired a habit which no other pupa 
in this section possesses, except Hyj^ercaUia, if it be a 
true Pyraloid — viz., it attaches itself by a cremaster and 
has no power of progression, and possesses no maxillary 
palpus. Clirysocorys has a small maxillary palpus, and 
possesses, in full vigour, the power of emerging from its 
cocoon. Especially perhaps it has a very decided and 
definite cocoon. I have not seen any Pterophorus cocoon 
anywhere near it. The most important point of all, 
perhap?, is that Clirysocorys has a very narrow pro- 
thorax and a fairly large head-piece, and belongs there- 
fore to the Tineid stirps; the reverse being the case 
in Pterophorus, yet the minute trace of head-piece carries 
the eye-cover on dehiscence. As regards its panoply of 
hairs, spines, bristles, and other appendages, the different 
species of Pterophorus present immense variety, some 
being very smooth and plain and with a delicate shell, 
others most elaborately clothed with hairs and spines of 
various arrangements, but none are at all like Cliryso- 
corys with its combination of hooked spines, recurved 
hairs, and projecting spiracles. Acantliodactylus has some 
resemblance to it, but it does not go beyond the 
possession of recurved spines on certain segments, not 
in detail at all like those of Clirysocorys. 

136 Dr. T. A. Chapman's notes on Pwpx, 

When we come to the larva, Pteropliorus again presents 
very great variation from a nearly smooth larva to a very 
hairy one, and some species possess hairs with expanded 
tips essentially the same as those of Chrysocorys- ; but 
then such hairs, moderately developed, are found in very 
many families of Lepidoptera. The relations of the 
several tubercles to each other vary a good deal in 
Ptero-plwrus, and, as I read Mr. Dyar's descriptions, 
there are one or two species with tubercles disposed as 
in Chrysocorys, by one and two (trapezoidals) and four 
and five (post ? and subspiracular) being almost united. 

When we come to the egg, PteropJwnis varies again 
here within wide limits, but there is not even a remote 
suggestion of the structure found in Chrysocorys. 

These differences, whilst placing Chrysocorys nearer 
to Ptero'phorus than, say, Orneodes is, hardly admit of its 
being in the same family. 

The peculiar cremaster of PteropJiorus (an anal and 
a forward portion) is paralleled in Elachista, Yjjonymeuta, 
etc., which belong to the same series as Orneodes, but, 
though this may suggest that Pteroj)horus is after all, 
in spite of the small head-pieces, derived from this series, 
it will leave it as far from Orneodes as ever. Further, 
for instance, than Coleophora is from Adela. The great 
difficulty in placing Pteroj)horus anywhere near to 
Orneodes (though still at a considerable distance) or even 
to Chrysocorys, is the extremely reduced condition of the 
dorsal head-plate, so that it seems impossible to derive 
it from the Adelid series at all, even if one starts as low 
down as Mlcropteryx to allow for the divergence. 

Though the true Pyrales preserve (largely) this head- 
piece, its reduced size places a difficulty in deriving them 
from Pyraloids, though there is obviously a long series 
of forms through which the reduction might occur gradu- 
ally. The same difficulty faces an attempt to place any 
macros in this line, but these difficulties in the case of 
the Pyrales and Macros would be shght compared to 
attaching to the series so extreme a divergence so low 
down, as would be the case with Pterophorus. 

Pterojjhorus might certainly fall under my definition 
of a " micro " whose larva is " an exposed feeder,'' and 
Dyar places it there along with Anthrocera and Limacodes, 
and both in structure and habits the larva falls into 
that division as readily as into any other; at any rate 

Orneodes, Epermenia, Chrijsoeonjs, and PteropJiorus. 137 

it is almost certainly not a member of the Adelid series, 
and if it be, it is certainly at a great distance therein 
from Orneodes. 

A point to be especially noted is the extreme divergence 
between the pupa of Pterophorus and that of Pyrales. 

Pyrales have a pupa that is a true macro in dehiscence, 
in possessing segments four and seven (abdominal) fixed 
in both sexes, and possesses no micro characters except 
a dorsal head-piece (a character that goes very high up), 
maxillary palpi, and in some families appendages pro- , 
jecting beyond segment four. 

Pterophorus is a true micro in dehiscence, has segment 
four free, and seven free in male, the dorsal head-piece 
is evanescent, and it has lost the maxillary palpi. 

It is impossible for one of these forms to be derived 
from the other, and impossible for them to have a com- 
mon ancestor higher up in the series than Tinea, more 
probably that ancestor is much lower. 

Orneodes has a pupa of Obtect formula as to free 
segments, and the dehiscence is of very nearly the macro 
type. Antennas separating from head, and eye-covers 
remaining attached to face-piece. It retains one, and only 
one, very marked micro character, viz., the possession of 
a dorsal head-plate ; not only so, but this plate is of 
immense size, whilst the prothorax is correspondingly 
reduced. Contrarily the pupa of Pterophorus retains 
most of the characters of a Tnicro, the one that it has 
almost lost is this head-plate, which is nearly evanescent, 
although it retains the function of carrying the eye- cover 
on dehiscence. 

Both have then been derived from the micro stirps, as 
we know, indeed, that all pupae have been ; but the 
routes have obviously been divided for so long a period 
that it is justifiable to describe them as in nowise related, 
less probably than any two families of macros. 

I present figures of the eggs of the four genera re- 
ferred to in this paper, chiefly on account of the fact that 
whilst those of Orneodes, Epermenia, and Pterophorus, 
present features that ai-e frequent in many different 
families of Lepidoptera, that of Glirysocorys is so unusual. 

The ova of Orneodes and Epermenia belong to the 
section with horizontal micropylar axis and rough sculp- 
turing, characteristic of the stirps we have been consider- 
ing. Pterophorus has a horizontal Q^g, but with 

1'6S Dr. T. A. Chapman's notes on Pwpse, 

sufficiently smooth surface to ^ive some support to the 
idea that it belongs to the Zygtenid stirps; whilst 
Clirysocorys has a vertical micropylar axis, throwing 
doubt on the position in which I have placed it. But the 
whole question of oval forms is too large to treat incident- 
ally in this place. 

I also present figures of the pupa of each genus, and 
also of their dehiscence, and of the remarkable hairs of 
the tubercles of Chrysocorys larva (omitted from plates). 

In regard to the names, it appears that Chauliodiis has 
to drop, but whether Epermenia or Galotripis is to take 
its place, I do not yet know. Nor am I at all satisfied 
that Chrysocorys festaJiella ought not to be called 
SchrecJcensteinia scissella, but I am not trained in that 
line of research that would enable me to settle this 

A few details as to each family is appended. 

Orneodes. — The egg laid in the flower-heads of honey- 
suckle is about "48 mm. long and "28 mm. wide, somewhat 
cylindrical and truncate, or like a short thick brick with 
the angles and corners rounded off; the surface is sculp- 
tured with irregular raised lines and pits. 

The young larva has dorsal tubercles arranged trapezoi- 
dally, one supraspiracular, two subspiracular, and two 
marginal, these persist during the life of the caterpillar ; 
the skin is rough, with minute sharp spicules similar to 
those in Epermenia dancellns, and many other larvge. 

The pupa is brown, and noctua-like in general form and 
texture. It has only five and six (abdominal) segments 
free, and has the projecting knob-like head that occurs 
in most of the forms belonging to the series with a narrow 
depressed prothorax and a large dorsal head-piece. 

The size of this dorsal head-plate in this pupa reaches 
the extreme that I have observed, and is, indeed, very 
remarkable. There are no labial or exposed maxillary 
palpi, and the dehiscence is quite macro in character, the 
antennas separating from the face head parts, which 
remain attached to the eye-covers ; the lower parts of the 
appendage covers remain in situ, and are only separated 
at the head. There is a femur case shown, and the second 
leg- reaches the head. The maxilla and first leg- fall 
short, and expose a portion of the third leg, between and 
beyond the second. The appendages project freely over 
the fifth and sixth segments. 

Orneodes, Epermenia, Chrysocorys, and Pterophorus. 139 

The anal armature consists of ten or twelve fine 
spines, little more than hairs, curved and crossing one 
another in lyre shape, and having a fine recurved flattened 
extremity. There is also a small bristle above and below 
each (exposed) abdominal spiracle. 

Epermenia. — The eggs are ovoid, but rather long and 
narrow, being fully twice as long as broad, and rather 
narrower at one end; the surface sculpture is a raised 
network, somewhat irregular, but tending to be hexa- 
gonal, with the cells lengthened in the line of the long 
diameter of the egg. Many are often laid on the same 
leaf; but each egg appears to be laid solitarily, and it 
appears to be, when laid, very soft, as it takes the impress 
of the hairs of the leaf amongst which it is laid, and 
adheres to them very firmly. 

The larva has two dorsal (trapezoidal) tubercles, a 
supraspiracular and a double subspiracular tubercle, one 
marginal, and three ventral (on legless segments). The 
tubercular plates are very large, and that of the supra- 
spiracular in some degree surrounds the spiracle. There 
is a minute tubercle at the anterior margin of the seg- 
ment in line with the posterior trapezoidal. The 
general surface is closely studded with sharp deflexed 
points, as Orneodes. The larva can hardly be called a 
miner, but tends to burrow something after the manner 
of the Procridsi. This is very marked in E. daucellus, very 
slightly so in E. cJicerophylleUus. The resemblance to 
Simxthis appears to be entirely superficial. The pro- 
legs have sixteen hooks set in a circle, but more crowded 
along the inner margin ; the anal pair have eleven or 
twelve hooks. 

In pale brown colour and general outline the pupa 
resembles that of a noctua ; the species I have examined, 
E. daucellus and E. cJioerophyllellus, are very much alike. 
They have the first four abdominal segments fixed, the 
next two free, and the seventh also, in the male ; the 
appendage cases project across the fifth as far as the 
sixth segment, the incision between the fom'th and fifth 
segments is sloping, the fourth segment being narrowed 
and the fifth widened dorsally, ventrally the reverse. 
The large dorsal head-piece and narrow prothorax are 
almost identical with those of Orneodes. The abdominal 
spii-acles are on slight mam mill a3, in very Pyrale manner. 
There are twelve slendei*, very curved, hooked hairs as 

140 Dr. T. A. Chapman's notes on Pupse, 

an anal armature^ seated on the last (nine and ten) seg- 
ment, which has a bulbous base, a pen-like form and two 
deep hollows, one on either side. The maxillas show 
between them a narrow opening with the labial palpi, 
traces of femur between maxilla and first leg, the second 
leg does not reach the head, the third leg is visible 
between lower end of antennae, the second legs falling 
short by about one-seventh of the length of the appen- 
dages, and the maxilla and first legs by about another 
one-seventh ; there is a small maxillary palpus. 

The dehiscence is by splitting down dorsally to, but 
not through, the metathorax ; the mesothorax separates 
half-way down the wings from the metathorax ; the 
antennas separate from the head and for a quarter of this 
length from the wings, but adhere to the second legs, first 
legs, and max. palpi, the face and maxilla separate from 
the antennas and legs, retaining the eye-covers and 
adhering by the maxillary extremities to the rest of the 

Chkysocoeys. — I obtained larvee, and bred them thirty 
or more years ago, and was under the impression that they 
could be had anywhere or at any time. It disappointed 
me a good deal not to be able to get them during several 
recent years that I have desired to study them afresh. I 
was, therefore, very pleased last March to capture a 
female moth, which very obligingly laid a number of 
eggs. These were laid singly, on either side, on the 
margins, or petioles, of the young leaves of the bramble- 
shoots, with which I had placed the moth for this 

The egg is urceolate in shape, about 0*5 mm. high 
and 0'25 broad, rather narrower upwards, and having a 
hemispherical or flattened base, very much according to 
the situation in which it is laid, the rounded being the 
primary form ; but when laid the egg is soft enough to 
take something of the form of the surface it is laid on, 
and sometimes has a regular flat base of the whole width 
of the egg. The upper end is flat, with a well-defined 
margin, from which arises a structure quite new to me 
in lepidopterous eggs. There is often, in lepidopterous 
eggs, a rim or ridge, or break in the smoothness of the 
surface at this point. The egg of ChoTenfes is, perhaps, 
as good an example of this as any. In Ghrysocorys this 
rim carries fourteen transparent spines with bifid tips. 

Orneocles, Epermenia, Chrysocorys, and Pterophorus. 141 

forming a crown-like circle, and reminding one, in some 
degree, of the similar processes in the ova of some Hemi- 
pitera. The flat surface within these is marked by 
radiating impressions, proceeding from a small central 
micropylar rosette. The outer surface of the egg is 
covered with rather deep, irregular depressions, sepa- 
rated by rounded ridges, which, though irregular, have 
a distinct tendency to be hexagonal, with the longer axes 
of the spaces parallel with that of the egg. To escape, 
the young larva eats out the flat top within the coronet, 
and leaves the egg apparently little damaged. The newly- 
hatched larva is a white or colourless little atom. It is 
possible, however, to observe that the posterior dorsal 
tubercle carries a long smooth hair, directed rather back- 
wards, the tubercle being raised round the base of the 
hair into a high conical projection, and the hair itself 
being longer than the diameter of the larva ; the anterior 
trapezoidal is a much smaller hair, rising in a smaller 
tubercle, situated in the front base of the cone of the 
posterior; the supraspiracular is an equally small hair 
in a moderately-developed tubercle; the subspiracular 
tubercles are a reproduction of the trapezoidal, a large 
posterior hair on a high cone, and a smaller one in front, 
one directed backwards and the other forwards. I have 
not clearly defined the prologs ; the anterior and posterior 
hairs are much longer. 

As the larva grows, the subspiracular hairs retain their 
simple character, but assume the appearance of the tines 
of a pitchfork on a common raised protuberance; the 
dorsal hairs, however, acquire a very special character. 
They continue to be a larger posterior sloping backwards, 
and a shorter anterior lying forwards, their bases are 
almost conjoined, and rise into a distinct peduncle. The 
hairs terminate in a sharp point, but on the upper aspect, 
near the apex, have a lancet-shaped transparent flange ; 
and through the peduncle and down the hair is what 
looks like an inner tube, arising from the internal tissues 
of the larva, and terminating between the flange and 
apex of the hair. There is sometimes fluid at apex of 
hair provided through this tube. The surface of the 
hairs is finely waved or granulated. The spiracles are 
at the apex of a large brown chitinous mammilla. The 
ventral prolegs have a short conical pedicel, a rounded 
boss at apex, carrying six hooks regularly disposed around 

142 Dr. T, A. Chapman^s notes on Pnpw, 

it. The anal prolegs have nine hooks disposed in a 
curved line that is less than a semicircle, the hooks are 
larg^er and stronger than the ventral ones. The true legs 
appear to have four joints before the claw, which is 
accompanied by a transparent, battledore palpus ; the 
antenna is three-jointed, the second joint carrying a long 
hair and a fleshy tubercle, the third carries two terminal 

These larvfB were full-grown by the middle of May ; 
they lived on the upper side of the bramble leaf, spinning 
no silk except a very slight web. When about to moult, 
and when travelling from leaf to leaf, they are very 
sluo-gish in their movements, yet fond of moving occa- 
sionally to a fresh leaf; when at rest the head is rather 
hidden by being withdrawn into the second segment. 
They are of a glassy transparency, and match the colour 
of the bramble leaf very closely, so as to be difficult to 
see. In moulting, the slit appears to be dorsal, and 
the empty skin remains stretched out at length, with the 
head bent under the first segment. The cast skin makes 
a good preparation of the hairs. 

The cocoon is a very remarkable structure, and I 
regret not having seen how it was made. It is attached 
by one margin, naturally probably zo the bramble stem 
near the root, aiid consists of a network of stiff' gum- 
1ike strands of silk, one set of these being in continuous 
lines, like the mortar between consecutive courses of 
brickwork, the other uniting these alternately like the 
vertical lines of mortar between the bricks in each course, 
the bricks being represented by the openings, which are, 
however, square rather than oblong ; the primary strands 
are sometimes, as it were, in one set, from the four sets 
in which they appear to be constructed being accurately 
worked together ; in other cases the four sets are more 
or less distinct, they would be separated by slicing the 
cocoon longitudinally and transversely down on to its 
attached margin. When each side is accurately con- 
structed the courses arch upwards from either end of 
the line of attachment meeting in the line of transverse 
division suggested. There is a valvular longitudinal 
opening at either end, through one of which the larval 
skin is ejected, through the other the pupa emerges for 
the exclusion of the moth. 

The pupa lies free in this cocoon with little spare 

Orneodes, Epermenia, Chrysocorys, and Pterophorus. 143 

space longitudinally, though rather free latitudinally. 
I ought to say that flimsy as the cocoon looks, it is 
really very hard, firm, and elastic. 

The pupa is green Avitli sundry markings, and these 
appear to increase with the age of the pupa, till it be- 
comes very dark. I fear I ill-treated my pupa3, as only 
one emerged, and the rest have, I think, died and dried 
up. I imagined they would all come out very soon, with 
a view to a second brood ; I now think that this is the 
rare exception, and that the pupee lie over the remainder 
of the summer, and possibly the winter, though it is 
perhaps more likely that the insect hibernates as a moth. 

The pupa has a rather prominent globular head, a 
distinct waist (dorsally), the abdominal segments gradu- 
ally tapering and arching forward. The free segments are 
4, 5, 6, ?, and 4, 5, 6, 7, $ , the wing and leg-covers ex- 
tending over the fourth and part of the fifth segments. 

The abdominal spiracles are each in a lofty brown cone, 
very similar to that of the larva, and on either side, 
somewhat dorsally, is on 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and less 
markedly on o, a hook or spine, dark in colour, curved 
backwards, and ending in a sharp point — behind and 
outside these is a fine hair with recurved curled tips, 
and a similar hair is placed above and another below the 
spiracle ; about ten similar and longer hairs form the anal 
armature. The spiracles have an unusually dorsal posi- 
tion, and there is along interval between the subspiracular 
hair and two ventral ones. Six similar smaller hairs are 
on the face and head, and the mesothorax possesses two 
pairs. There is a minute point which appears to be the 
maxillary palpus, and is carried in dehiscence at the 
extremity of the first leg-piece. The maxillas are 
separated to show the labial palpi broadly, and a portion 
of femur shows between the maxilla and first leg. The 
antennas and second legs extend to end of wing cases, 
the tips of third legs beyond, the maxilla falls a little 
short, and the first legs reach little more than half way. 
The first legs touch the antennas and exclude the second 
from the head. The prothorax is reduced to a very 
narrow strip and the dorsal head-piece is very large. 

The formula of abdominal free segments is the same 
as that of a very large number of the Incompletas, 
Tortrices, Psychids, Sesiids, true Tineids, Cossids, etc., 
so that this does not go far in showing an alliance with 

144 Dr. T. A. Chapman's notes on PiipcT, 

Pterophori whose formula is the same. More important 
as showing a separation is the fact that it preserves the 
habit of emerging from its cocoon before the exclusion 
of the moth; Pteropliorns being fixed by a cremasfcer 
and usually making no cocoon. The great development 
of the dorsal head-piece is another very distinctive 
character ; the dehiscence also is very different. 

The cocoon of the American Penthetria parvula is 
extremely similar, but more regular and elaborate. Its 
pupa retains a very simple tineoid character, so that 
there is no doubt a considerable gap between these two 
forms, but there can be little doubt that the cocoon 
structure has a common ancestry and is not an inde- 
pendent invention. 

Pterophoros. — The ovum is of oval section in every 
direction, a form that may most easily be described as 
that of an ordinary bird's egg, if laid on its side and 
then flattened. The different species I have examined 
vary in their size and in the proportion of their different 
diameters, but all have this general form : they are 
smooth, bright, and polished, and have faint mai'kings 
of a network tending to a hexagonal mesh. 

In some cases the narrowing towards the small end 
is not so evident, and in others {hipunctidacfylns) the 
egg might almost be called cylindrical, so that there is 
considerable variation within definite limits which may, 
of course, be exceeded in species whose eggs I have not 
seen, but I have seen no suggestion of such a form as 
occurs in Chnjsocorys. 

The larva of most of our Pterophori are well known, 
and I don't know of one whose characters are at all like 
those of Ghrysocorys — either as to the retention in all 
stages of the same arrangement of hairs and tubercles, 
or in having at any stage precisely the same arrange- 
-ment as in Ghrysocorys. 

The pupa of Pterophorus is highly specialised, yet 
retains several of the most definite characters of the 
Incomplete. Only the three first abdominal segments 
are fixed, the next three (and four in (? ) are free, the 
antennae and maxillfe adhere to the head-piece and 
separate from the other parts on dehiscence, the eye- 
covers going with the dorsal head-piece. It possesses 
a very special and elaborate set of terminal hooks, by 
which it fixes itself to a pad of silk, these are supple- 

Orneodes, Epennenia, Ghrysocorys, and Pterophorus. 145 

mented by a separate little group on the ventral surface 
of the ninth abdominal segment. The surface of the 
pupa may be very simple and smooth, and its texture 
delicate as in Tinea. It may be covered with a most 
confusing panoply of hairs as in A. spilodactyla, or have 
various elaborate hooks and processes as in A. acantho- 
dactyla. In this case one is reminded, in some degree, 
of the hooks of C. festaliella, but in ^4. acanthodacfyla, 
these hooks are recurved, in G. festaliella they are directed 
simply backwards. Apart from its thorough - going 
retention of micro characters, it is separated not only 
from Orneodes, but from Chrysororys also, by the extreme 
reduction of the dorsal head-piece. So reduced is this, 
that its presence would be doubted in some species, 
but that it carries with it the eye-covers as in typical 
micro dehiscence. 

As a sumniary of the facts and deductions herewith 
presented, I may recapitulate : — 

A correction as to free segments of Limacodidai. 

A correction as to Nolidm not being " macros." 

A suggestion that sundry families of Palesolepidoptera 
may be postulated as having once existed. 

That a series (from below upwards) of families origi- 
nated in MicropteryK, or at any rate in Adelids, 
characterised by a very narrow prothoracic, and a very 
large head-plate in the pupa. 

That E'permenia and Orneodes are typical members of 
this series, and probably also Ghrysocorys. 

That Pterop)liorus is not a member of this series, or, if 
it is, originated very early in it, and reached its 
present position by an undiscovered route. 

That Coleophora belongs to this series, and was derived 
from Adelids by a separate route from Tinea, Eper- 
menia, etc. 

That the Pyraloids (including vaost Tiv eina with Obtect 
pupffi) form a higher part of this series. 

Whether these proceed onward to Pyrales (and 
Geometers) is not fully discussed, and left doubtful. 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PAKT II. (jUNE.) 10 

146 Dr. T. A. Chapman's notes on 

Explanation op Plates VI. and VII. 


Fig. 1. Ovum of Orneodes hexadactyla X 40 diam., amongst glands 

of honeysuckles. 
2. Ovum of Epermenia choirophylellus amongst hairs of 

2«. The same, isolated. 

.3. Ovum of Chrysocorijs festaliella X 50 diam. 
3a. Another view of summit of egg. 
3b. One of the spines of coronet. 

4. Ovum of Fterophorus {Mimoiseoptilus) phceoclactyluH. 

The network of cells is obscure and not at all a raised 
pattern as the figure rather suggests. 

5. Pupa of Chrysocorys festaliella, ventral aspect. 

6. Lateral view of segments 4 and 5 abdominal (8 and 9), 

showing hairs and the very dorsal position of the raised 

7. Anal armature of Chrysocorys pupa, lateral view. 

8. Diagram of dehiscence of Chrysocorys festaliella. Shows 

the large head-piece attached to eye-piece (which 
adheres to first leg in specimen sketched) and the narrow 
prothoracic piece, antennae attached to head, micro 

9. Diagram of dehiscence of Fterophorus, showing very 

narrow head-piece, attached to eye-piece, large protho- 
racic piece, antennae attached to head as in most typical 
" micro " dehiscence. 1, 2, .3 refer to segments, e = eye; 
a, = antenna; /, = leg ; m, =■ maxilla. 

10. Ventral view of pupa of Pterophorus {Aciptilia) spilodac- 

tylus. The hairs are rather too diagrammatic. 

11. Lateral view of female pupa. 

12. „ „ male pupa. 

13. One segment of pupa. This is not a.s accurate as is 

desirable, but serves to show the very different struc- 
ture to the other pupae figured. 

Orneodes, Epermenia, Chrijsocorys, and Pterophorus. 147 


Fig. 1. Pupa of Epermenia cheer ophylellusi, ventral aspect, shows 

minute maxillary palpus. 
2« » .} „ „ lateral aspect. 

3- it „ „ „ dorsal aspect 

These show the neck-like character of the prothorax, 
which is also seen in 

4. Enlarged view of front, seen laterally, a little too 


5. Lateral view of anal armature. 

6. Diagram of dehiscence of Epermenia, antennte separate 

from head, and remain attached to legs and wines, 
narrow prothorax, minute maxillary palpi, eye-piece 
remains with face-piece, macro dehiscence. 

7. Pupa of Orneodes hexadactyla, ventral aspect, very similar 

to Epermenia, except in loss of maxillary palpi and in 
anal armature. The loss of mobility in segment 7, 
abdominal in $ , cannot be shown in these figures. 

8. „ „ ,, „ lateral view. 
^- 55 5) 55 5, dorsal view. 

10. Diagram of dehiscence of Orneodes, showing immense size 

of head-piece, which is free from eye-piece, the latter 
remaining attached to face-piece. Antennte free from 
head, and attached to legs and wings ; very narrow 
prothorax, macro dehiscence. 

11. Cocoon of ChrjjHOcorijsfestaliella. 

12. Portion of network of same. 

( 1^^ ) 

YII. Descriptions of neio genera and species of Goleoptera 
from South Africa, chiefly from Zamhezia. By 
Louis Peringuey, F.E.S. 

[Read March 4th, ISDG.] 

Family PAUSSIDiE. 

Gen. Padssus, Linn, 

P. arduus, n. sp. 

Red, shining ; head with a long conical tubercle on the vertex, 
anterior part dehiscent, hairless and slightly punctured in the 
posterior part ; club of antennas short, thick, convex on both sides, 
broader than the head, carinate all round, depressed at the base, 
with the outer angle produced in a long, sharp, slightly recurving 
spine, upper posterior margin without any longitudinal im- 
pressions ; prothorax smooth, longer than broad, with a deep trans- 
verse impression reaching from side to side and having a yellow 
pubescent patch at each end, the anterior and posterior part of the 
disk equally broad, the anterior a little more raised than the pos- 
terior, the sides nearly parallel ; elytra elongate, sub-parallel, smooth 
and very closely punctured, the punctures in the anterior part being 
deeper and broader than those behind ; pygidium very closely and 
deeply punctured ; femora not clavate ; tibiae slender, not dilated 
at the tip. Length 8, width 2^ mm. 

Belongs to the same group as P. spinicoxis, P. thomsoni, 
etc. The shape of the club is nearly the same as in the 
last mentioned species, but much more convex on each 
side ; the prothorax resembles that of P. spinicoxis, but 
is less attenuate laterally in the anterior part. 

Hah. Zambezia (Manica). 

P. manicanus, n. sp. 

Reddish-brown, shining ; head much depressed, nearly smooth 
and hairless ; club of antennas twice as long as the head and neck, 
nearly oblong, a little narrower at the apex and base than in the 
middle, compressed but thicker in the median part, bluntly 
carinate all round and with the posterior angle produced in a 
sharp moderately recurved spine : prothorax nearly cordiform, but 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART II. (jUNE.) 

150 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

very deeply sinuate laterally in the middle, and -with an arcuate 
transverse median narrow and shallow impression ; the anterior 
part of the disk is hardly more raised than the posterior, and 
slightly aculeate in the posterior angle above the constriction, 
when there is also a very small, pubescent, yellow tuft ; elytra 
parallel, deeply and closely punctured, each puncture bearing a 
short seta ; pygidium punctulate and setulose ; femora a little 
swollen, tibiee slender. Length U, width 2^ ram. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

The nearest ally of P. manicaniis is P. planicollis, RafFr., 
from Abyssinia. The shape of the prothorax is identical ; 
the head is equally depressed, but has no trace of a minute 
conical tubercle at the extreme apex; the antennal club is 
of a shape similar to that of the S of P. plauicoUis, but 
not so long, and therefore a little broader in proportion. 

P. r affray I, n. sp. 

Piceous-black, with the apical part of the elytra and the tarsi 
reddish-brown ; head rugulose, with the anterior part deeply im- 
pressed in the centre and the walls of the impression raised in two 
short tuberculif orm processes, posterior part bi-impressed ; club of 
the antenuEe sub-ensiform, very long, compressed, external margin 
with a moderately wide groove reaching from the base to near the 
apex, both margins of the groove very faintly notched ; prothorax 
bi-partite, the anterior part raised, smooth, the median transverse 
cavity wide and deep, and having two pubescent yellow patches in 
the centre, posterior part depressed and with three tuberculated 
indentations ; elytra elongate, sub-parallel, shining, moderately 
punctured, each puncture with a very short greyish hair ; femora 
not thickened ; anterior and intermediate tibiiB slender, posterior 
tibife broadly dilated and flat. Length 5, width H mm. 

Hah. Natal (Frere). 

The shape of the club of the antennee is not' unlike 
that of P. germari ; it is however longer, more curved 
outwardly, and not attenuate at the tip. 

P. concinnus, n. sp. 

Head, prothorax and legs brick-red ; elytra black, edged with 
red at the base and apex ; head and prothorax glabrous, the former 
edged in front on the vertex with a high semicircular ridge, which 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 151 

is broadly emarginate in the middle and reaches from eye to eye, 
posterior part raised above the neck into a ridge higher than the 
anterior one, and with a median and two lateral sinuations ; median 
part of the head plane, and M'ith a broad depression above each 
eye partly edged by a very narrow groove which extends also along 
the posterior raised part ; club of the antenna long, broad, com- 
pressed, as long as the base of the prothorax, slightly curving in the 
inner edge, which is distinctly marginate and has besides a distinct 
raised line running parallel to it, outer margin broadly grooved from 
base to apex, and having seven round alveolse as well as six obtuse 
serrations on the upper edge, the intervals of which bear each a very 
short yellowish seta, outer basal angle of the club long and sharp ; 
prothorax bi-partite, the anterior part much raised, short, abruptly 
truncate, deeply incised in the centre and on each side, and with a 
deep transverse impression ; the posterior part is narrower than the 
anterior, and has the shape of a truncate cone, broadly scooped out, 
in the anterior median part, with each side of the incision produced 
in a sharp, short tubercle ; elytra closely set with very short 
greyish hairs, but very indistinctly punctured ; femora not clavate, 
tibiEe straight, not thickened. Length 6, width 2| mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

The shape of the antennal club is that of Pleuropterus 
alternans in general outHne, the impressions on the upper 
side imitating somewhat the articulations of the antennge ; 
the scooped out space of the posterior margin is not 
unlike that of P. hlngl, but the serration of the edges of 
the margin, as well as the impressions on the upper part, 
are very different. 

P. viator., n. sp. 

Piceous-black, with the antennae and legs very dark red ; head 
rugulose and having on the middle of the vertex three short im- 
pressions, the median one of which is the deepest and is bounded 
by two short ridges ; penultimate joint of antennai thick, the club 
short, massive, the inner margin sharp, a little sinuate at the tip, 
the outer one very broadly and deeply scooped out, with the basal 
angle moderately long and sharp, the cavity of the outer margin 
containing six distinct alveolai and the two edges slightly serrulate ; 
prothorax bi-partite, with the anterior part very narrow and in the 
shape of a ridge with a median groove, the median excavation very 
deep, and the lateral part not deeply excised, and with a short blunt 
tubercle on each side and two tubercles in the middle ; elytra short, 

152 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

sub-parallel, smooth ; femora and tibite thick, flattened, posterior 
tibiffi very broadly dilated. Length 6, width 2 mm. 

Eah. Natal (Frere). 

Belongs to the group of P. ruber, P. cucullatus, etc. The 
club of the antenuaj is not so broadly scooped out in the 
outer margin as in P. cucullatus, nor is it so much curved 
outwardly ; the upper part is not impressed between the 
inner and posterior margins, and the former is nearly 
straight, not curved, nor is the space between the 
two margins as broad as in either of the above-named 

P. harheri, n. sp. 

Reddish-brown, with very short pubescence all over ; head with 
two median carinse aculeate in front and overlapping the point 
of insertion of antennae, these two ridges slightly diverging from 
the middle of the vertex and having a narrow groove between, 
ceasing abruptly above the neck, which is very short and not con- 
stricted ; penultimate joint of antennte quadrate, very thick, club 
moderately long, not compressed, deeply sinuate in the inner part 
which, like the rounded apical part, is acutely marginate, outer 
part also sinuate and having ou the margin four very distinct teeth 
bearing several very short setae, while the apical angle is developed 
into a long, broad, blunt spur, the inner part of which curves so as 
to form a short tooth corresponding to a similar tooth situated on 
the opposite part of the base of the club ; the joints of the antennae 
are covered with closely set, very short, squamiform hairs; pro- 
thorax bi-pai'tite, the anterior part in the shape of a ridge slightly 
grooved in the centre, posterior part as broad as the anterior, with 
a broad median depression nearly reaching the base, two pubescent 
patches on the transverse impression ; elytra sub-parallel, covered 
with very short, closely set hairs, apparently thicker than those on 
the prothorax, and without punctures ; pygidium thickly pubescent 
and with a fringe of long, thickly set, yellowish hairs ; anterior 
and intermediate femora and tibi;e slender, posterior femora and 
tibife dilated and compressed. Length 9, width 3| mm. 

Eah. Natal (Durban). 

No known ally ; the nearest approach to the shape of 
the antennal club is in P. bicolor, Raffr., from the Andaman 
Islands, but the incised portion at the inner part of the 
base is absent in that species. 

Coleo'ptera from South Africa. 153 

P. marsliolli, n. sp. 
Reddish-brown, shining, elytra thickly pubescent ; vertex of the 
head nearly plane, posterior part ridged above the neck, and along 
the outer sides ; penultimate joint of antennae quadrate, nearly as 
large as the head, club broad, massive, inner margin carinate, with 
a short, round basal spur not projecting much, outer margin broadly 
hollowed with the edges bi-sinuate, acute at the apical part of the 
hollow, and bearing on each side a dense tuft of long, yellowish 
hairs, basal outer spur very broad and sub-quadrate ; prothorax 
bi-partite, the anterior part compressed in a sharp ridge, slightly 
emarginate in the centre and sub-aculeate laterally, the posterior 
part hollowed anteriorlj', and with a ti-iangular longitudinal groove, 
and the outer sides produced in a carina sinuate in the middle, sharp 
in the anterior part, and with the posterior part forming a long 
tooth standing at an angle with the base, both the points of the 
lateral carina having a distinct tuft of hairs ; elytra short, sub- 
parallel ; pygidium with short pubescence and having in the middle 
three transverse rows of long and very thick bristles ; legs slender, 
anterior femora not thickened. Length 5^, width 2| mm. 

Ilah. Natal (Frere). 

This species belongs to the group of P. laticollis, 
P. penicillatus, and P. rugosus, liaffr., from Abyssinia, 
and are distinguished by having thick stiff bristles on the 
pygidium, as well as tufts of hairs on the apical part of 
the edges of the hollowed outer margins of the antennae. 
'1 he nearest ally of P. marshalli is P. penicillatus, but in 
the antennal club of the former there is no longitudinal 
impression whatever on the upper part along the inner 
margin, nor is the scooped-out space distinctly impressed, 
and the inner edge of the hollow is very deeply sinuate. 



Gen. Heliocopeis, Hope. 

H. selousi, n. sp. 

Black, moderately shining ; head plicate transversely ; prothorax 
very rugose, sub-opaque ; elytra with four small tubercles at the 
base of the intervals. In the ^ the head bears a short, compressed 
horn, truncate at the tip or slightly sinuate, placed in the posterior 
part of the clypeus ; median part of the head with a small ridge 

154 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

reaching from the anterior horn to the base ; prothorax truncate 
in front, with a very deep, but not broad, lateral excavation, the 
anterior part carinate, strongly sinuate laterally above the exca- 
vation, and with the median part produced into a horizontal, very 
long, compressed process with a perpendicular conspicuous tooth 
underneath ; this horizontal process extends as far as the clypeal 
horn, which it overhangs. In the ^ the head has a short, trans- 
verse occipital carina, the prothorax is not so much raised, is deeply 
sinuate in front, depressed, but not excavated, aud the median 
part is produced into a projecting carina, overhanging a little the 
apex, and so deeply emarginate in the middle as to be almost bifid. 
Length 32-37, width 20-21 mm. 

Hal'. Zambezia (Maiiica, Mazoe). 

Its nearest ally is H. neptunus, Bohem. The sculp- 
ture of the head and prothorax is alike, the tubercles at 
the base of the elytra are also similar, but the horn of 
the clypeus is very much shorter, and the elongated 
horizontal process of the prothorax is very different. 

Gen. Onitis, Fabr. 

0. zamhezianus, n. sp. 
Reddish-brown, with the elytra opaque ; head finely plicate 
transversely on the clypeus, granulate behind, clypeus elongate in 
the anterior part, more so in the $ than in the $ , without any 
clypeal carina, but with the frontal one sharp and very much raised, 
vertex almost bi-impressed, posterior edge very distinctly raised ; 
prothorax moderately convex, broad, carinate in the anterior and 
lateral parts, closely punctured from the base to about three-fourths 
of the length, posterior part nearly impunctate ; elytra elongate, 
convex along the sutural part towards the middle, very finely 
striate, with the intervals plane and smooth ; underside piceous- 
brown, metasternum closely punctured and densely hairy, abdo- 
men nearly smooth, but with a few lateral setigerous punctures; 
anterior femora of the $ thick, grooved underneath, and with an 
acute ridge, bearing a sharp tooth in the middle of the groove and 
a smaller apical one in the anterior part of the apex ; tibioB long, 
straight, moderately thick, multi-denticulate inwardly, having a 
double ridge on the upper part, strongly quadri-dentate externally, 
and with the inner apical tooth very long and incurved ; inter- 
mediate femora deeply incised at the apex, carrying a sharp 
median posterior carina, developing into a sharp tooth, apical part 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 15o 

also toothed, but with the tooth smaller than the one of the cariua, 
tibiaj narrow at the base and almost suddenly enlarged in an 
elongate quadrate laminated process inwardly ; posterior femora 
with a small, serrate carina, tibise slightly incurved, not dilated 
iuw^ardly. Length 24-26, width 14 mm. 
Hab. Zambezia (Manica). 

Belongs to the group of 0. curvipes, Lansb. ; tbe 
clypeus is less aculeate in the male, and the general 
facies is a little less convex. As in 0. curvipes the inter- 
mediate tibiae of the S lif^ve an inner lamina, but diffe- 
rently shaped, and the disposition of the teeth on the 
anterior and posterior femora is very different. 

0. dispar, n. sp. 

Dark metallic-green, moderately shining, but more opaque on 
the elytra ; head with the clypeus rounded in the cJ , a little more 
aculeate in the $ , finely plicate in front, rugose behind, with a 
short clypeal ridge and a frontal one moderately raised, vertex a 
little hollowed, and with the posterior part carinate and the 
median part much raised in both sexes ; prothorax moderately 
convex, closely punctured from apex to base ; elytra elongate, 
hardly convex, feebly striate, with the intervals faintly punctured ; 
metasternum and femora closely punctured. In the $ the anterior 
femora are thick, with a very small median carina, and are with- 
out teeth, the tibite are straight, carinate in the middle, faintly 
serrate' inwardly, quadri-dentate outwardly, with the inner tooth 
short and with a long fascicle of hairs underneath, intermediate 
and posterior femora with an acute posterior lamina, but neither 
dentate nor serrate, intermediate tibioj normal, posterior ones com- 
pressed and with a long terminal spur on each side, the inner one 
spiniform, the other one thicker, but both curving slightly inward. 
Length 24, width 13-14 mm. 

Hab. Zambezia. 

Allied to 0. rohustus, Boh., and 0. ortlioptus, Lansb., 
but differentiated from both by the shape of the terminal 
part of the hind tibiae. 

Gen. Onthopeagus, Latreille. 
0. mashmtu.s, n. sp. 

Black, with a slight bronze sheen, more distinct on the 
prothorax : antennas flavescent ; clypeus a little elongate in the 
median part ; head with a transverse median carina ; head and 

156 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

prothorax covered with densely set granules, the prothorax broad, as 
long as the elytra, with very short pubescence and with the outer 
margins serrulate ; elytra finely striate, with the intervals broad 
and finely granulate ; underside black. In the ^ the vertex of the 
head is armed with two long incurved horns, compressed and 
truncate at the tip, and the basal space between the horns is 
developed in a compressed spine, much shorter than the horns, and 
incised at the tip, and the prothorax has a deep median excavation 
in the centre, surmounted at the apex by a thick compressed rugose 
spine, incised at tip, rugose and directed forward ; in the $ the 
hind margin of the head is produced in a trituberculate ridge, the 
anterior part of the prothorax is more declivous, with no excavation, 
and the anterior part is surmounted by a narrow, but high ridge, 
deeply sinuate in the middle. Length 12-14, width 7-9 mm. 
Hah. Zambezia (Salisbiu-}'). 

This species is allied to 0. lyyramidaUs, Klug ; in 
shape the cephalic horns of the 6 are much thinner, 
more compressed, and spread more outvi^ardly, somewhat 
in the manner of those of 0. rangifer, Klug, but the 
median compressed spine is absent in 0. pyramidalis, the 
thoracic spine is less compressed, and shorter than in the 
last-uamed species, and ends differently. 

0. ponderosus, n. sp. 
Bronze-black, a little lighter in colour on the prothorax ; palpi 
and anteunsj yellow ; clypeus a little elongate in the middle, 
closely plicate transversely, and having in the middle a transverse 
raised line, while the hind margin is produced in a high transverse 
ridge, sinuate in the (J in such a way as to give it the appearance 
of bearing five short blunt tubercles ; prothorax broad, very 
deeply sinuate laterally behind, covered with short granules in 
front, and punctures behind, abruptly truncate in front and with a 
moderately deep median excavation, the anterior part produced 
in a transverse ridge, reaching almost from side to side, the 
median part of which is more raised and slightly sinuate ; elytra 
striate, intervals very finely shagreened and very closely, although 
not deeply punctured ; underside piceous. The 5 differs from 
the (^ in having the occipital ridge, as well as the thoracic lamina, 
less raised, and the anterior part of the prothorax hardly excavate. 
Length 19-23, width 11-14 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury, Manica). 
In general facies as robust as 0. giganteus, Har., 
from Madagascar. 

Goleoptera from South Africa. 157 

0. insigni.^', n. sp. 

Head and prothorax bright metallic-green, palpi, antenna;, and 
tarsi flavescent, elytra teddish-yello-n-, underside dark grey, legs 
black ; clypeus a little elongated in front ; head broadly and 
closely punctured, -svith a median transverse raised line in both 
sexes, (^ with a very long horn, straight for three-fourths of 
the length, and slightly curved backward towards the tip, $ with 
a straight transverse carina ; prothorax very closely and deeply 
punctured, glabrous— in the (^ deeply excavated in the median part 
from the apex to a little short of the base, dehiscent in the 
anterior part, and with the sides of the excavation raised in the 
median part in two broad triangular and conspicuous tubercles — 
in the 5 there is no median longitudinal excavation, the anterior 
part is, a little more declivous, and in the anterior part there is a 
transverse ridge not broader than the occipital one ; elytra finely 
striate, with the intervals glabrov-s and closely, although not 
deepl}' punctured. Length il, width .') mm. 

Hah, Zambezia (Salisbury). 

0. gemmeus, n. sp. 
Head and prothorax bright metallic-green, with short pubescence; 
elytra flavous, with the suture black, and a broad band of the same 
colour, extending from near the humeral angle to the suture, which 
it joins at a short distance from the apex ; head broadly and closely 
punctured, with a distinct transverse ridge, and behind it, a highly 
raised slightly shorter lamina ; prothorax very finely granulated in 
the anterior part, closely punctured behind, declivous anteriorly, 
bi-tuberculate above the declivity, the tubercles blunt and slightly 
diverging, impressed longitudinally from the median part to the 
base, the impression with a narrow median groove ; elytra striate, 
intervals deeply and closely punctured, each puncture bearing a 
short hair, thus making the intervals thickly pubescent ; pygidium 
very hairy; underside and legs piceous-black. Male unknown. 
Length 7, width 4 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 


Gen. Orphnus, Macl. 

0. zamhezianus, n. sp. 
Brick-red, shining, head and clypeus infuscate ; head punctulate 
anterior margin of the clypeus bearing a long sharp horn, slightly 

158 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and S2)ccies of 

directed backwards ; prothorax punctulate — in the $ broadly and 
deeply excavated from the apex to the base, with the walls of the 
excavation retuse, and produced in the anterior part in a conical 
tubercle on each side a little higher than the clypeal horn, 
posterior part of the excavation semi-circular — in the ? with 
a faint median impression in the anterior part ; elytra convex, 
grooved along the suture and the outer margins, but without any 
trace of dorsal strife, closely punctured, the punctures almost 
superficial. Length 10-10^, width 6-6^ mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (between Limpopo and Zambeze Rivers). 

A little larger and more massive than 0. meleagris, 
with the clypeal horn much longer, the prothorax more 
broadly and deeply excavated, and the anterior part of 
the wall produced in a longer and sharper tubercle. 

0. mashunns, n. sp. 

Piceous-black, shining ; head and clypeus smooth, $ with 
a short, sharp horn in the centre of the head ; prothorax closely 
punctured laterally, smooth along the base, excavated in the 
anterior part, the excavation sub-elongate, quadrate, shallow, with 
the anterior edge only slightly raised, and hardly aculeate past the 
median part, between the posterior part of the excavation and the 
base there is also a shallow median impression ; elytra moderately 
convex, and on a plane with the ridges of the prothoracic 
excavation, grooved along the suture and the outer margins, striate 
from the suture to the median part of each wing-cover, punctured, 
the punctures shallow but well-defined ; underside piceous-red. 
Length 10, width 6 mm. 

Distinct from both 0. zambezianus and 0, meleagris 
in having the cephalic horn in the middle of the head ; 
the shape of the prothoracic excavation is also different, 
and the elytra are striate in the median part. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

0. ovamijoanus, n. sp. 

Piceous-black, shining, head with a short sharp horn; prothorax 
punctulate in the ^ , excavated in the anterior part, the excava- 
tion shallow and with a deeper median impression, the ridges of the 
excavation hardly raised, and straight to the median part, the 
posterior part of the excavation, which reaches only the median 
part of the disk, rounded ; in the $ the prothorax is only slightly 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 159 

impressed in the middle of the anterior part ; elytra convex, 
punctured, grooved along the suture and the outer margins. 
Length 7, width 4 mm. 

Hah. Ovampo Land (Omramba). 

Smaller than 0. mashnmis, with the cephalic horn 
almost similar ; the excavation of the prothorax is shal- 
lower, does not extend so far back, and the ridges are 
still less raised. 

0. jyiignax, n. sp. 

Brick-red, or at times piceous-brown ; head of the $ with a 
long central, sharp, conical horn ; prothorax very deeply excavated 
from base to apex, with the lateral walls of the excavation pro- 
duced in two sharp points, an anterior and a median one, the 
latter a little more raised than the anterior, but less acute ; in the 
$ the prothorax is a little raised cii'cularly above the apical 
margin, and has a small longitudinal impression in the middle ; 
elytra convex, faintly striate in the anterior part, but not laterally, 
and set with rough, confluent punctures almost alveolate on the 
disk. Length 5-o|, width ','}~?>^ mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

A little smaller and proportionally less massive than 
0. rufalus, Boh., and at once distinguished from it by 
the shape of the prothorax, which in the latter is also 
deeply excavated, but with the walls produced in one 
long conical tubercle on each side, while there are two 
in 0. ijugnax; the punctuation of the elytra is also much 
deeper and rougher than in 0. rufidus. 


Gen. BoLBOCERAS, Kirby. 

B. jjama, n. sp. 

Brick- or ferruginous-red, shining ; clypeus short, deeply emar- 
ginate ; head very closely and deeply punctured, with a short, 
transverse sub-apical carina in both sexes ; prothorax dehiscent in 
the (J from apex to base, deeply sinuate in the anterior margin 
on each side, the apical margin raised in a carina, and having 
along the basal part five sharp, conspicuous tubercles, the two 
outer ones of which are sometimes produced in a long incurved 
process, while the three median ones are shorter and near one 
another (in those specimens in which the lateral tubercle is 

160 M. Louis Peringuey on neic genera and species of 

greatly elongated, the one near to the median is nearly obliterated), 
the declivous part closely punctured for about two-thirds of the 
length, and there is a broad, although little raised, lateral callus ; 
in the $ the anterior part alone of the prothorax is declivous, and 
in the median part there is a transverse carina, slightly sinuate in 
the centre, and the punctures are much deeper than in the $ and 
nearly confluent ; elytra very convex, finely striate, strife punctu- 
late ; underside very hairy ; anterior tibife with five teeth. Length 
23-24, width lL-l(3i mm. 

Hah. Natal (Durban) ; Zambezia (Victoria Falls). 

Fairmaire has described in the '' Annales de la 
Sociere Entomologique de Belgique," vol. xxxviii., 1894, 
p. 652, a large species from the Congo (French Terri- 
toi'y), which, judging from the description, seems to 
be somewhat allied to B. panza, and which, he justly 
remarks, is not unlike some Australian species; he adds, 
however, that the African species are small and without 
" armature,^' by which expression he means, I presume, 
prothoracic horns. I have retained for this species the 
name (in litteris, Dohrn) it bore in Lansberg's collec- 
tion, now the property of Mons. R. Oberthiir. 


Gen. Ehabdopholis, Burm. 

R. irrorata, n. sp. 

Head, prothorax, and underside piceous-black, elytra and legs 
chestnut-brown ; clypeus narrow, recurved, punctured like the 
head, with white squamae in the punctures ; head with a blunt 
median longitudinal ridge and an elongated impression on each 
side, followed by a smooth space, squamag not dense ; prothorax 
broader than long, a little attenuate laterally from the outer 
angle to near the median part, nearly straight behind, closely 
punctured and squamose, with the anterior and lateral margins 
fringed with very long hairs, the central part of the disk w^ith 
two broad, but shallow, longitudinal punctured grooves separated 
by three smooth intervals, and a supra-lateral one also edged with 
a smooth interval on either side, the scales on the outer margin 
thicker than on the disk ; elytra oblong-ovate, costate, with the 
intervals broad, and having a duplicate series of punctures, each of 
which bears one, or more, whitish scales, outer margin more densely 
scaly than the other intervals; underside densely hairy, the hairs 
of the metasternum very long, abdomen densely squamose. 
Length 15, width 7^ mm. 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 161 

Hab. Transvaal (Leydenburg). 

Smaller and less depressed in the posterior part than 
R. albostriata, Burm., and also less densely squamose ; 
the head is also shorter in proportion, and the clypeus 
not at all emarginate, and the claws are not quite so 
much developed. Female unknown. 

Gen. AnomalAj Samouelle. 
A. pinguis, n. sp. 

Testaceous, with the head infuscate, the prothorax somewhat 
brick-red and the elytra black, with a long and broad humeral 
yellowish band ; antennse and palpi ruf escent ; intermediate and 
posterior tarsi infuscate ; anterior and intermediate tibiae infus- 
cate laterally, posterior ones black ; clypeus one-third shorter 
than the head, separated by a narrow transverse groove, and very 
closely and deeply punctured like the head, but more rugose; 
prothorax convex, a little attenuated laterally from the apical 
angle to the median part, straight from there to the basal angle, 
finely but not closely aciculate ; elytra moderately elongate, slightly 
depressed laterally below the humeral angle, a little ampliated 
from the median to the posterior part, convex, retuse behind, and 
having on each side three smooth raised lines, intervals irregularly 
punctured but with a distinct series of punctures on each side of 
the raised lines ; the scutellum is testaceous, and the yellowish, or 
sometimes testaceous, lateral band on the elytra extends from the 
outer margin to about the median part of the width of each wing- 
cover, for about one-third of the length, and is prolonged from 
there as a narrow discoidal band, extending as far as the median 
part, where it is somewhat aculeate ; underside pale-yellow. Length 
18-19, width 10 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 


Gen. Adoretus, Cast. 

A. vielanoleucns, n. sp. 

Head and prothorax piceous-brown, with a faint greenish metallic 
tinge, outersides of the prothorax sub-rufescent ; antennae reddish- 
brown, with the club black ; legs piceous, with the exception of 
the anterior ones, which are rufescent; clypeus distinctly margined, 
with the margin recurved, nearly as long as the head, and 
both covei'ed with long, squamiform hairs ; prothorax bi-sinuate 
in front and behind, lateral part also sinuate behind, and a little 

TKANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896, PART II. (jUNE.) 11 

162 M. Louis Peringuey (m new genera and si^ecies of 

attenuate in front, very densely squamose ; elytra twice as long as 
the prothorax, hardly broader at the base, a little ampliate behind, 
moderately convex, densely covered with white scales, and with 
two longitudinal dorsal series of five dark-green patches, separated 
from one another by a small patch of denser and whiter scales ; in 
the lateral series the two anterior patches are goalescent, forming 
a band reaching from the shoulder to about the median part ; 
underside and legs squamose. Length 9, width 4 mm. 
Hah. Zarabezia (Buluv^ayo). 

A species very distinct from the other South African 
ones known to me; I am, however, acquainted with 
. A. fessulat'us, Burmeister. 


Gi-oiap 1SCHN08T0MINI. 

Mazoe, n. gen. 

Mentum as in IscJmosto?7ia, palpi shorter; clypeus as long as the 
head, excavate, with the frontal and lateral margins recurved and 
sinuate in the interior part laterally, deeply constricted at the 
junction with the head; antennise short, the club as long as the 
clypeus; prothorax much attenuated in front, where the apical part 
is only half the width of the base, depressed ; scutellum very long, 
sharply triangular ; elytra depressed, as broad as the prothorax at 
the base, sinuate laterally behind the shoulder and gradually 
narrowed behind ; legs long, slender, claws very long, anterior 
tibiiB bi-dentate, posterior ones with a median spine. 

Ischnostoma alhonofata, Pering. (Trans. S. Afric. Philos. 
Society, 1885, p. 97), belongs to the present genus. 

M. juciinda, n. sp. 

Head and clypeus deeply and closely punctured, and with a few 
bristles, the median part of both with an orange-yellow covering; 
pi-othorax closely punctured, gradually ampliated laterally from 
the anterior angle to the base and sinuated above it, margined, 
depressed, deeply punctured, the whole of the disk covered with 
an orange-yellow tomentum, and having a small quadrate denuded 
patch in the middle of the apical part, one small lateral sj^ot on 
each side and two sub-quadrate ones in the median part of the base 
above the scutellum, the lateral and posterior margins also being 
denuded ; scutellum long, triangular, denuded ; elytra as broad as 

CoJeoptera from South Africa. I(j3 

the prothorax at the base, gradually attenuated from thence to the 
apex, which is about narrower by one-fourth, plane, striate, with 
the intervals convex, dull red, with a narrow supra- marginal 
greyish-white band extending from the shoulder to the suture, 
lateral and posterior margins denuded, as well as the humeral and 
apical calluses; pygidiurn elongated, black, with two white patches; 
underside black, punctulate ; prosternum and legs slightly pilose. 
Length 14, width 7 mm. 

Hab. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

Gen. Cetonia, Fabr. 

C. nigropunctulata, n. sp. 
Brownish-red, with a slight fleshy tinge, the basal part of the 
head and the underside piceous-black ; head and clypeus punctulate, 
lateral part of the head pubescent ; prothorax gradually attenuate 
laterally from base to apex, dehiscent in the anterior part of the 
disk, punctulate, and having eleven distinct and regularly arranged 
black spots ; elytra deeply sinuate below the humeral angle, nearly 
parallel from there towards the apex, tricostate on each side of the 
suture, as well as punctate-striate, and having on each side twelve 
black round spots ; pygidium without any white patch ; underside 
tomentose, last abdominal segment rufescent. Length 14, width 
8 mm. 

Hah. Transvaal (Leydenburg). 

A little more massive and more convex than C. 
carneola, Burm.^ and redder; the black spots on the pro- 
thorax and elytra do not commingle in the least. 

C. aspersa, n. sp. 
Bronze, shining, covered with closely-set squamules ; head 
closely punctured ; prothorax attenuate in front from about the 
median part, with thick but short pubescence, closely punctured, but 
also with narrow, irregular longitudinal impressions filled with 
dense greyish-white squamules, median part with a smooth, longi- 
tudinal, raised line ; elytra deeply sinuate laterally, bi-costate on 
each side, with short pubescence, rugose, with the rugosities filled 
with dense squamules ; pygidium and underside densely squamose. 
Length 13, width 7 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Mazoe). 

Allied to C. {Fseudoprotietia) amakosa, Boh., but a little 
larger, and very densely covered vv^ith scales. 

164 M. Louis Peiinguey on new genera and species of 


p. clialccplioroides, n. sp. 
Bright metallic-grey, with a coppery sheen on the upper part, 
underside and legs glowing, coppery-red ; head moderately 
rounded, irregularly foveate, eyes elongate, narrow; antennte short, 
greenish ; prothorax nearly twice as broad as long, rounded in the 
anterior part and also slightly attenuated near the base, depressed, 
with the outersides nearly flat, irregularly sub-foveate on the 
disk and sides, and with one small, smooth raised spot in the 
anterior lateral angle and another on each side of the median 
longitudinal impression, which is broad and shallow, the outersides 
not separated from the discoidal part by a longitudinal depres- 
sion ; elytra as broad as the prothorax at the base, with the 
humeral angle sloping, moderately sinuate laterally above the 
median part, as broad in the middle as at the base, gradually 
aculeate from there to the apex, which ends in a moderately sharp 
sutural spine, depressed on the upper part, broadly and deeply 
punctate-striate, with the intervals narrow but much raised, 
glabrous, but having a broad, supra-marginal, pubescent yellowish 
band reaching from base to apex. Length 24-25, width 'J-'Ji mm. 

Hoh. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

P. Eeneola, n. sp. 

Dull bronze, with the punctures brighter on both upper and 
lower parts; head with very short pubescence,broadly and irregularly 
punctured and with a narrow, transverse raised spot ; prothorax 
sub-diagonal laterally in the anterior part, nearly straight from 
there to the base, moderately plane, with the outersides a little 
more depressed but not separated from the disk by a longitudinal 
impression, roughly punctured, with the sides very rugose, and with 
two small but very distinct, smooth tubercles on each side, one at 
the apical angle, the other in the middle of the anterior part of the 
disk ; elytra sinuate laterally before the median part, which is as 
broad as the base, gradually aculeate from beyond the middle to the 
apex, which ends in an apical and a sutural spine on each side, 
depressed for some distance from the base, closely punctured, and 
with five very little raised, nearly smooth costse, interrupted five 
or six times by an oblong patch of punctures, smaller and more 
closely set than those in the intervals ; underside and legs pubes- 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 165 

scent, a little brighter than on the upper part, lateral part of 
abdominal segments with one irregular, elougated, somewhat 
indistinct, denuded patch. Length 23, width 9 mm. 

Hab. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

P. stataria, n. sp. 
Bright bronze with the prothorax and underside brassy ; head 
foveate, impressed in the anterior part, faintly grooved longitu- 
dinally on the vertex ; prothorax very slightly attenuated laterally 
in the anterior part, nearly straight from thence to the base, but a 
little sinuated above it, moderately plane, with the disk separated 
from the outersides by a deep and well defined longitudinal sulcus 
reaching from some distance from the apex to the base, both disk 
and sides roughly foveate, median impression on the former very 
indistinct except beyond the middle ; elytra sinuated laterally in the 
anterior part, acuminated from beyond the middle to the apex, which 
ends in a short, sutural spine, convex iti the anterior part and 
moderately depressed behind, faintly punctate-striate, with the in- 
tervals not raised, impunctate and separated at a distance of about 
one centimetre by a little quadrate patch of very fine punctures, 
and having on each side a moderately broad supra-marginal 
greyish-white pubescent band reaching from base to apex ; the 
tessellation of the intervals of the elytra is rather indistinct ; 
underside roughly punctured, the punctures pubescent. Length 
26, width 10 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

P. intrusa, n. sp. 
Bright bronze on the upper and under sides ; head very rugose, 
slightly pubescent, and with a median longitudinal, smooth, raised 
line ; prothorax a little attenuated in the anterior lateral part, 
nearly straight from thence to the base, almost plane on the disk, 
which is deeply sulcate laterally from the median part to the base 
and has also two superimposed, round impressions on each side of 
the median longitudinal groove, which is very shallow and more 
distinct iu the anterior part ; elytra in the middle slightly broader 
than the basal part, moderately aculeate behind, bi-spinose on each 
side of the apex, with very short pubescence behind, deeply 
punctate-striate, with the intervals also deeply and closely punc- 
tured, the alternate ones tessellated ; underside roughly punc- 
tured, with short pubescence. Length 20, width 8 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

166 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

P. cognata, n. sp. 

Glowing coppery-red, with the lateral intervals of the elytra 
greenish ; head foveate and with a small, median smooth space ; 
prothorax a little attenuate laterally in front, parallel from the 
middle to the apex, slightly convex in the middle, with the outer 
sides hardly depressed, and without any lateral impression, the 
median one distinct only from the middle to the base, closely 
foveate, except in the central part, which is deeply punctured, and 
having on each side two small smooth spots, one in the apical angle, 
the other in the anterior part of the disk ; elytra narrower in the 
middle than at the base, sharply acuminate behind, bi-spinose on 
each side at the apex, the sutural spine longer than the outer one, 
deeply punctate-striate, with the intervals narrow, convex, and 
closely punctured, the alternate ones with small, elongated, discon- 
nected, smooth spots ; underside and legs very rugose, tomentose, 
abdominal segments with a small, lateral, denuded spot, tarsi green. 
Length 24, width 9 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Manica). 

In shape and sculpture allied to P. suspcda, Fahr., 
but without any lateral impression on tlie prothorax; 
the elytral intervals are more convex and the punctures 
much deeper. 


Gen. Malthodks, Kiesenw. 

M. australis, n. sp. 

AutenuEe black, with the four basal joints flavescent, palpi 
black, eyes large ; prothorax a little broader than long, 
slightly impressed laterally on the anterior part, and above the 
median part of the base deeply infuscate, with the anterior and 
posterior margins yellow ; elytra very short, reaching only to the 
first abdominal segment, very divergent, deeply sinuate laterally, 
shagreened, with short pubescence ; abdominal segments edged later- 
ally with yellow, the last deeply incised apically ; legs black, with 
the basal part of the tibife flavescent. Length G^-, width 1 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

Goleo-ptera frurii South Africa. 167 



Gen. Amiantus, Fahr. 

A. ocfocostatus, n. sp. 

Black, covered on the upper part with a dense, light-brown 
tomeatum ; head rugose ; prothorax gibbous, a little retuse in the 
anterior part, covered with very broad, confluent punctures ; 
elytra suborbicular, convex, dehiscent behind, and having on each 
side four sharp, highly raised, slightly tuberculated costjB reaching 
from the base to the posterior declivity, intervals and outer sides 
smooth ; legs densely tomentose ; underside glabrous. Length 16, 
width 10 mm. 

Hab. Transvaal (Barberton). 

Allied to A. upacus, Haag-Rutenb., but larger and 
with four distinct costae on each elytron instead of 

A. glohulipeiinis, n. sp. 

Black, with the elytra covered with a greyish tomentum ; head 
very rugose ; prothorax gibbous, a little compressed laterally in 
the anterior and basal part, deeply but regularly scrobiculate ; 
elytra globose, very dehiscent behind, and having on each side five 
sharp, smooth, conspicuous costae reaching from the base to the 
posterior declivity, the intervals broad and filled with closely 
set sharp granules, not so dense on the lateral part, and absent on 
the epipleurte ; legs rugose, with short pubescence. Length 20, 
width 13 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Manica). 

Allied to A. octocostatus, but larger ; the prothorax 
is compressed laterally, which is not the case in A. octo- 
costatus, and the elytra have five distinct smooth costse 
on each side, instead of four subtubercuiated ones. 

A. mashunus, n. sp. 

Black, but dark- brown on the elytra ; head subscrobiculate ; 
prothorax subgibbose, not deeply foveate, the fovete confluent, 
central part with a longitudinal smooth line reaching from apex to 

1 68 M. Louis Peringuey 07i new genera and species of 

base, and a semicircular, very deep impression on each side ; elytra 
with very short and not dense pubescence, much broader than the 
prothorax, the humeral angles slightly sloping, nearly plane in 
the anterior part, obliquely dehiscent behind, carinate laterally 
from the base to the median part, outer margin also carinate 
from base to apex, the dorsal part with three lateral, undulating, 
indistinctly defined cost« ; underside nearly glabrous ; legs 
rugose, tomentose. Length 13, width 9 mm. 

Hab. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

Allied to A. undatus, Haag-Rutenb. The elytra are a 
little less sloping at the humeral part, a little more plane 
on the disk, and with less undulating costas; the legs 
are also more slender. 

A. costatus, n. sp. 

Black, covered with a brown tomentum ; head rugose ; prothorax 
gibbose, much compressed on each side of the median discoidal part ; 
elytra nearly truncate at the base, subquadrate for two-thirds of 
their length, dehiscent behind, plane, and with one lateral and two 
very sharp discoidal costaj, the lateral costa ending in a sharp point 
at the top of the posterior declivity ; underside nearly glabrous ; 
legs with very short pubescence. Length 10-14, width G-8 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Victoria Falls — between the Limpopo 
and Zambeze Rivers). 


Gen. Anomalipus, Guer. 

A. (Acmaius) jpodagriciLS, n. sp. 
Black, opaque, more or less densely covered with a brownish 
coating ; head with broad, close punctures, labrum and epistoma 
deeply incised ; prothorax very much ampliated in the anterior 
part, narrowed and sinuated from the median part to the basal 
angle, which is sharp and slightly projecting backwards ; the pos- 
terior part of the prothorax is narrower in the $ than in the $ , 
convex, with the outer sides a little depressed, with very closely- 
set, equal punctures, and having two round impressions on each 
side of the disk ; elytra nearly parallel, not much broader than the 
base of the prothorax, more convex in the $ than in the $ , in 
which sex they are moderately plane in the anterior part, convex and 
deflexed behind, finely gran ulose and with three raised lines on each 
side, and occasionally a faint trace of intervening lines ; legs very 

Goleo2)tera from South Africa. 1(39 

rugose, anterior femora thickly clubbed. In the $ the anterior and 
intermediate tibiee are broadly dilated at the tip, the former with 
a short, outer, bi-spinose carina, and very broadly scooped out in- 
ternally, with the upper edge of the inner part laminated and ending 
in a basal and an apical spine, while the apical part of the lower 
edge is produced in a long, inward spur, the intermediate tibife are 
very deeply incised inwardly above the apex which is also compressed 
outwardly, and the posterior tibiis are a little attenuated at the 
base, but not bent. In the $ the anterior tibiae have two long 
external teeth, and a straight lamina internally extending from the 
apex to the same distance as the first external tooth, and the inter- 
mediate tibiae are a little bent, deeply grooved on the upper part 
and with a short, median spine on each side of the groove. 
Length 22-23, width 12-14 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Manica). 

Much smaller than A. elephas, Fahr., but belonging to 
the same group ; the anterior tibiae are scooped out in- 
ternally on the same plan, but the upper edge overhangs 
the cavity. 

A. (Acma^iis) proximus, n. sp. 

Shape, size and vestiture of A. podagvicus ; the ? is however a 
little less convex, and in both sexes the elytra are more closely 
granulated, and the raised, smooth lines are replaced by a tri- 
linear series of granules a little larger than those of the inter- 
spaces, with a faint trace of other intervening series ; in the ^ 
the anterior tibife are slender from the base to the median part, 
then suddenly dilated in a sub- quadrate shape, bi-dentate out- 
wardly, broadly excavate underneath, with the upper part of the 
internal edge deeply incised so as to make it also bi-dentate, and 
the apical part of the lower edge is produced in a long broad spine 
directed inwardly, intermediate tibias a little bent, not much dilated 
at tip, but deeply incised above the apex, with the terminal part of 
the incision produced in a long inner spur ; in the $ the posterior 
tibiae are moderately slender and a little incurved, the anterior 
tibia3 are not dilated, nor laminated inwardly, and they are strongly 
bi-dentate externally. Length 21-22 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

A. {Acmxiis) pleheius, n. sp. 

Black, covered with a greyish coating ; head and prothorax 
deeply and closely punctured, prothorax very broadly ampliated 

3 70 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and sj^ecies of 

laterally, deeply sinuated behind from a little beyond the median 
part, and with the posterior part narrower than the anterior, moder- 
ately convex, with the sides somewhat depressed, bi-impressed on 
each side of the anterior part of the disc, and with a basal sub-lateral 
longitudinal impression ; elytra not broader at the base than the 
posterior part of the prothorax, but broadening a little below the 
humeral angles and nearly as broad in the middle in both sexes as 
the prothorax at its widest part, convex, dehiscent behind and with 
six distinct, narrow costfe on each side. In the $ the anterior tibiaa 
are moderately dilated at the tip, bi-dentate outwardly, while the 
inner part is contorted and has a broad, semicircular groove, the 
lower edge is sub-quadrate and bi-dentate, with the basal tooth 
•pointing downwards, intermediate tibia3 incurved, deeply incised 
inwardly, with the terminal part of the incision produced in a long 
inner spur, posterior tibias moderately slender and a little incui'ved ; 
in the $ the anterior tibiie are strongly bi-dentate outwardly and 
not laminate internally. Length 19-22, width 11-12 mm. 

Hab. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

Allied to A. Uneatus, Gerst., in shape and sculpture, 
but is easily differentiated by the shape of the anterior 

A. [Apodemns) marslialli, n, sp. 

Black, moderately shining, elytra with a light brown coating ; 
head punctulate, and with two round impressions in the posterior 
part ; prothorax ampliate laterally in the middle part, a little nar- 
rower in the posterior than in the anterior part, basal angle sharp, 
disk moderately convex, depressed laterally, punctured and with 
two apical rounded impressions at the apex, two more on the median 
part, and two on each side, the intervals separating these impressions 
being smooth ; elytra moderately plane, convex and dehiscent behind, 
nearly straight laterally, and set with series of short, rounded, 
tubercles which are a little more raised in the alternate series ; 
anterior tibia3 of the $ slender, curving but not much dilated at 
the apex, bi-dentate outwardly, the inner apical part with a sharp 
spine pointing downwards, intermediate tibiae slightly grooved out- 
wardly and with a short median spine on each side, apical part a 
little dilated. Length 26, width 13 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

Easil_y distinguished from any other South African 
species by the tuberculated elytra. 

Coleoiitera from South Africa. 171 

A. segnis, n. sp. 

Black, with a very slight greyish-brown coating ; head punctu- 
late, with two small median impressions ; prothorax broadly ampli- 
ated in the median part, sinuate behind, somewhat depressed on the 
disk, with the outer sides flattened, closely but not deeply punctured 
anGl with two very faint, rounded, discoidal supra-basal impres- 
sions ; elytra parallel, plane, slightly wider at the base than the 
posterior part of the prothorax, costate, costse not much raised* 
and intervals narrow, both strise and intervals densely granulosa ; 
legs moderately slender ; anterior tibiaj of the $ a little curved,, 
bi-dentate outwardly, apical part dilated inwardly, grooved and 
with a broad, sharp carina underneath, intermediate tibia3 slightly 
sinuated outwardly towards the apex. Length 22, width 11 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Manica). 

Allied to A. plaiuis, Yahr., and A. affinis, Per.; but the 
anterior tibiae end differently^ and have not the con- 
spicuous apical inner spine directed downward ; the 
costfe on the elytra are very well defined and regular. 

Gen. BYZA.CNUS, Pasc. 

B. capensls, u. sp. 

Head, prothorax and legs piceous-brown, median part of the pro- 
thorax with a sub-metallic sheen, elytra dai'k metallic-green ; head 
very closely punctured, antennte short, reaching only the median 
part of the prothorax, which is much depressed, as long as broad, 
sinuate and a little narrowed behind, closely foveate, with the 
foveas small ; elytra not broader at the base than the posterior part 
of the prothorax, gradually ampliated laterally in a triangular 
shape from the base to two-thirds of the length, and from thence 
abruptly truncate, while the disk is also gradually raised, although 
plane, from the base to the top of the declivity, which like the 
discoidal and lateral parts are roughly foveate ; tibite curved ; 
underside punctulate. Length 11-13, width 6-7 mm. 

Kah. Cape Colony (Port St. John). 

Easily distinguished from its congener B. incticollis, 
Pasc, by the absence of tubercles on the declivous part 
of the elytra. 

172 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

Gen. Cyrtotyche, Pasc. 

C*. rihatlie, n. sp. 

Black, covered with a light brown tomentum; head very rugose, 
antennae short, black ; prothorax with a sharp lateral tubercle, and 
one equally long but perpendicular over it, and four more on the 
disk, which in the ^ is broadly grooved in the centre, with the 
sides of the groove developed in two high tuberculated ridges ; 
elytra elongated, retuse behind, not quite so broad at the base as 
the prothorax at its widest part, not ampliated behind in the $ , a 
little broader past the median part in the $ , very rugose and with 
three series of thick, sharp, conical tubercles on each side, longer in 
the ^ and denuded and golden at the tip, lateral part with two 
series of smaller tubercles ; legs rugose, tibiae slightly curved in 
the cj, much less so in the $. Length 15-16, width 6-7 mm. 

Hob. Mozambique (Rikatla). 

Difi'ers from C satanas, Pasc, in the shape and 
disposition of the tubercles on the prothorax and elytra. 



M. scdberrlmus, Fairm., Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg., xxxviii., 
p. 327. 

Fairmaire has given, loc. cit., the diagnosis of the $ only ; the 
$ is elongate-ovate, with the elytra much narrower than those of 
the $ , the granules are larger and denser, the dorsal costse are ill- 
defined, although the granules of which they consist are larger than 
those iu the intervals ; the anterior and intermediate tibiae are 
deeply emarginate internally from near the median part to the 
apex, the anterior femora are sub-dentate apicall}*, and both the 
intermediate and posterior legs are fringed with long, flavescent 
pubescence. Length 20, width 10 mm. 

Hab. Mozambique (Rikatla). 

M. li7n2)02)oani(s, n. sp. 
. Black, opaque, more or less densely covered with a light brown 
tomentum ; head closely and finely punctured ; prothorax a little 
attenuate laterally at both ends, broader than long, moderately 
convex with the anterior part slightly declivous, disk closely but 
irregularly punctured ; elytra elongate-ovate ( (J ) or sub-globose 
( $ ), declivous behind, and with large, closely-set granules, a little 
sharper in the (J than in the $ ; anterior and intermediate tibiae 

Coleoptera front South Africa. 173 

of the $ deeply emarginate internally as in all Micrantereus, anterior 
femora sub dentate at apex ; underside punctured; legs very 
rugose. In the $ the legs are shorter, the tibise not emarginate 
inwardly, and the anterior femora not dentate. Length 18^-20, 
width 11-12 mm. 

Hah. Upper Limpopo River. 

M. carinatus, n. sp. 

Black, covered on the upper part with very short tomentose 
pubescence, which is denser and a little longer on the elytra ; head 
and prothorax very finely and closely punctured, prothorax a little 
attenuate laterally in front and behind ; elytra elongate-ovate in 
the $ , convex and gradually dehiscent behind, bi-costate on each 
side, the costaj consisting of elongated, coalescing, short tubercles, 
with the intervals irregularly tuberculated, suture smooth, raised ; 
in the $ the elytra are more convex and therefore more abruptly 
declivous behind and they have three distinct, sub-tuberculate 
costge on each side ; legs rugose, anterior femora not sub-dentate in 
the $ , intermediate tibia3 so deeply emarginate inwardly that the 
base of the sinuation is almost toothed ; underside black, shining, 
punctulate. Length 19-215, width 11-13 mm. 

Hah. Betcliuanaland (Ramoutsa), Upper Limpopo. 

Larger than 31. {Bolenomerus) longvpes, Fahr., propor- 
tionally more massive, but while in M. longipes the dorsal 
longitudinal series of tubercles are hardly more raised 
than the tubercles in the intervals, and are thus very 
indistinct, they are very well defined in the present 
species, more raised, and although closely sub-tuber- 
culated, often smooth and carinate on the posterior 

M. luctuosus, n. sp. 

Black, covered with a greyish tomentum ; head and prothorax 
shagreened, the latter as broad as long and hardly attenuate 
laterally at apex and base ; elytra elongated, very little ampliated 
laterally in the median part, not much attenuated, and not very 
abruptly declivous behind, each elytron with two discoidal series 
of more or less elongated and coalescing tubercles or rather large 
granules, with a few sub-seriated ones on the first and second 
intervals, and a double or treble irregular series between the second 
tuberculate costa and the sub-carinate supra-lateral part ; legs 
long, the anterior and intermediate tibite sinuate inwardly as 

174 M. Louis Peringaey ou new genera and species of 

usual, but the posterior ones, which are very slender in comparison 
with the others, are sinuate outwardly and deeply emarginate in 
the inner part a short distance from the base to the apical part ; 
basal joint of anterior tarsi triangular, not emarginate externally. 
Female unknown. Length 15, width 7 mm. 

Sah. Mozambique (Eikatla). 

Easily distinguished by tbe incui'ved posterior tibiae ; 
this character occurs also, but in a lesser degree, in the $ 
of M. ijratiosus. 

M. gratiosus, n. sp. 

Black, moderately shining; head and pro thorax finely punctulate, 
the latter broader than long, rounded laterally at base and apex ; 
elytra elongated, very little ampliated in the middle, nearly plane 
in the anterior part and with a long posterior slope, covered with 
irregular, sharp, short tubercles closely set, and not disposed in 
series, supra-lateral part sharp, almost carinate, lateral part sub- 
foveate. Female unknown. Length 15-17, width 8-8^ mm. 

Sah. Zambezia (between the Zambeze and Limpopo 

Elytra narrower than in M. (Soleno^nents) longipes, 
Fahr., less convex, and much less retuse behind, with 
the outer sides more carinate, and the prothorax more 
plane and acutely carinate laterally ; the basal joint of 
the anterior tarsi is triangular and not emarginate in- 
ternally as in 31. longipes, carinatus, etc. 

M. s'p^irius, n, sp. 
Black, covered with a light brown tomentum ; head and pro- 
thorax very shortly setulose, the latter hardly convex, cai'inate 
laterally ; elytra of the $ ovate, convex, gradually slopitig behind, 
supra-lateral part sharp, carinate, densely granulose and with two 
series of small tubercles on each side, the space between the first 
series and the suture also tuberculated irregularly. In the 9 the 
prothorax is a little more convex and has a round smooth spot on 
each side, and the punctures are also deeper ; the elytra are very 
convex, abruptly declivous behind, with the granules and tubercles 
smaller and the two discoidal series better defined. Length 14-15, 
width 8-9 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (between the Zambeze and Limpopo 
Rivers, Manica). 

The $ is closely allied to the same sexof il/. gratiosus, 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 175 

but tlie elytra are more ampliated laterally and less 
elongated behind. I am not quite sure that the ?, 
which I describe from one example only, is truly that of 
31. S2)urius. 

M. fallax, n. sp. 

Black, moderately shining; head and prothorax as in M. spurius 
and M, gratiosus ; elytra elongate-ovate, depressed on the anterior 
part of the disk, and gradually sloping from the median part to 
the apex in both sexes, broader at the base in the $ , covered with 
closely-set granules not large enough to be called tubercles, and 
having on each side two lines of more or less coalescing small 
tubercles — the outer line is the best defined of the two, the supra- 
lateral part sharp in both sexes and densely granulate ; basal joint 
of the anterior tarsi not emarginate. Length 15-1<), width 9i-10mm. 

Hab. Zambezia (Upper Limpopo). 

Easily recognized by the depression of the basal part 
of the elytra and the gradual sloping towards the apex. 

M. ovampoanus, n. sp. 

Black, moderately shining; prothorax a little convex, somewhat 
attenuate laterally in front, one-third broader than long, slightly 
sloping at apex, nearly smooth ; elytra of the $ elongate, rather 
convex from the median part of the disk, sub-aculeate behind and 
gradually sloping, supra-lateral part sharply carinate, anterior part 
of the disk smooth, the rest with short tubercles, irregularly set 
but forming somewhat indistinct series on each side of the 
posterior declivous part ; basal joint of the anterior tarsi not 
emarginate inwardly. In the $ the elytra are very convex, covered 
with a greyish-brown tomentum, and the basal part near the 
scutellum is nearly smooth ; they are densely granulose, and the 
two dorsal series of larger granules are distinct. Length 15-17, 
width 9 mm. 

Hah. Ovampoland. 

A little more aculeate behind and less declivous than 
M. longipes, Fahr,, of which it is a very close ally. The 
$ is distinguished by the denuded space at the base of 
the elytra, as well as by the form of the basal joint of the 
anterior tarsi, which is not emarginate. 

176 M. Louis Peringuey 07i new genera and sijecies of 

M. devexus, n. sp. 

Black, shining ; head punctulate ; prothorax very closely 
punctured, the punctures elongate, irregular and confluent, disk 
not very convex, lateral part a little attenuate in front and 
behind ; elytra in the $ nearly parallel laterally, almost plane 
from the base to the median part of the disk, where it is sub- 
convex and gradually sloping from thence to the apex, the posterior 
part sub-aculeate, the supra-lateral part acutely carinate from 
base to apex, the carina tuberculose, the median part of the- disk 
rugose and without any serrated granules, but alongside the 
lateral carina the granules are dense ; basal joint of the anterior 
tarsi very broadly triangular, not emarginate inwardly, la the 5 
the elytra are convex, covered with an earthy tomentum, hardly 
granulate on the anterior part of the disk, except along the supra- 
lateral carina, which is sharply defined, and with a few moderately 
large granules on the posterior declivous part. Length 13-14, 
width 6-7 mm. 

Hah. Mozambique (Rikatla). 

M. ijronus, n. sp. 

Black, moderately shining ; head and prothorax closely but not 
deeply punctured, the latter a little attenuate in front and behind, 
slightly convex in the posterior part of the disk and dehiscent in 
front ; elytra nearly parallel in the $ from the base to two-thirds 
of their length, and sub-acuminate from thence towards the 
apex, plane on the disk near the base, gradually dehiscent from 
the median part, rugose in the centre, and broadly verrucose 
laterally alongside the supra-lateral carina, which is very sharp ; 
basal joint of the anterior tarsi broadly triangular. In the $ the 
elytra are more convex along the suture, more abruptly dehiscent 
behind, with the lateral granulation less pronounced, and there 
is a trace of two series of larger granules on each side of the 
declivity. Length 15-15|, width 9 mm. 

Hah. Transvaal (Barberton). 

M. algoensis, n. sp. 

Black, covered with a light brown tomentum ; head and 
prothorax very closely punctured, hardly ampliate in the middle, 
moderately convex and shortly dehiscent in the anterior part ; 
elytra nearly straight laterally from a very short distance from the 
humeral part, rather plane than convex on the disk, abruptly 

Coleo'ptera from South Africa. 177 

retuse behind, the supra-lateral part carinate, the cariua serrulate, 
the disk with a sharp, median smooth ridge on each side, ending 
suddenly at the top of the posterior declivity, the interval between 
the suture and the dorsal ridge smooth, the other interval with an 
indistinct series of very small tubercles. Length 15, width 9 mm. 

Hah. Mozambique (Rikatla). 

Easily distiBguished from all the other described 
South African species of Micrantereus by the smooth 
dorsal ridge ending abruptly at the top of the posterior 
declivity in an acute point, in exactly the same manner 
as in Amiantus carinatus, of the group Molurides. In the 
male the posterior declivity is not so abrupt as in the 
female, and the apical part of the dorsal ridge is, there- 
fore, not so marked ; the tubercles in the interval 
between the median ridge and the supra- lateral part are 
more seriate ; and the intermediate and posterior tibige 
are as much incurved as they are in M. gratiosns, of 
which the present insect may prove to be a variety. 

AcASTUS, n. gen. 

Mentum as in Hoplonijx, Thorns., last joint of maxillary palpi 
secui'iform, labrum transverse, truncate in front, eyes large, 
divided on the vertex by a mere line, supra-antenual crests 
produced in a coalescing semicircular ridge overhanging the anterior 
part of the head ; antennae not reaching the median part of the 
elytra, massive, the joints sub-moniliform, the median ones slightly 
dilated inwardly and somewhat serrate, the apical ones sometimes 
more or less pyrif orm ; prothorax plane, as broad as long, a little 
rounded in front laterally, but wdth the posterior angles very 
sharp, carinate laterally ; elytra sub-oblong, parallel, broader 
than the prothorax, not very convex ; legs moderately long, 
anterior tibiae deeply sinuate at the base, anterior femora wnth a 
broad conical tooth near the apical part. 

Distinguished from Ho2:)lonyx by the shape of the 
antennae, the joints of which are shorter, much more 
massive, the third not longer than the first ; the supra- 
antennal crests are much developed and coalesce in the 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. PAUT II. (jUNE.) 12 

178 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

Synopsis of Species. 

Prothorax with a small discoidal impression on each side, and a 
broader one in the median part of the base . . scf/iiift. 

Prothorax with small tubercles nisticus. 

Prothorax with a short median raised line only .... agre^tis. 
Prothorax with two deep longitudinal lateral impressions, 


A. seijnis, n. sp. 

Dark brown, with short and dense pubescence ; antenna; black ; 
labrum and epistoma pubescent ; prothorax straight laterally, the 
sides very slightly sinuate anteriorly, with the anterior angles 
rounded, and bi-sinuate posteriorly, with the hind angles sharp, plane 
on the disk, but slightly sloping near the anterior margin, roughly 
and closely punctured, and having a median, ill-defined longitudinal 
smooth line running from base to apex, and a median discoidal 
impression on each side of the line, while the median part of the 
base is broadly impressed : elytra truncate at base, sub-cylindrical, 
slightly dehiscent behind, sharply carinate, the intervals narrow 
and with a series of moderately broad but deep punctures ; under- 
side thickly clothed with very short pubescence ; legs rugulose, 
pubescent. Length 13, width 5 mm. 

Hab. Zambezia (Salisbury)^ Mozambique (Rikatla). 

A. riisticus, n. sp. 

Brown, with the antennre black, with very short pubescence; 
head as in A. spgnia ; prothorax slightly sinuate at the sides behind 
the median part, covered with closely-set, deep, moderately broad 
punctures, broadly impressed longitudinally on each side of the 
median part, the outer part of the impression bounded by a low, 
well-defined ridge, with a short tubercle in the middle, central 
part of the median impression also with a small rounded tubercle, 
in a transverse line with the other two ; elytra sub-cylindrical, 
carinse sharp, punctures of the intervals deep ; underside and legs 
with short pubescence. Length 7h, width 3h mm. 

Hab. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

A. agrestis, n. sp. 

Brown, with moderately long pubescence on the uj^per part, 
antennaj brown ; head as in the two preceding species ; prothorax 
sinuate at the sides behind the median part, anterior part of the 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 179 

disk slightly convex, median part a little depressed longitudinally, 
base deeply impressed above the scutellum, disk closely foveate, 
the foveas small, and with a median longitudinal smooth line 
reaching neither base nor apex ; elytra sub-cylindrical, sharply 
carinate, punctures of the intervals deep, pubescence long ; under- 
side and legs with short pubescence. Length 7, width 3 mm. 
Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

A. impressicolUs, n. sp. 

Brown or rusty-red, with the elytra and legs a little lighter than 
the prothorax and antennae; head as in the preceding species ; pro- 
thorax with dense, short pubescence, rounded at the sides in the 
anterior part, sinuate near the base, disk a little convex in front, 
moderately plane from the middle to the base, and having on each 
side of the median part a very broad and deep pyriform impression, 
while the lateral posterior part and also the median part of the 
base are slightly impressed ; elytra sub-cylindrical, less pubescent 
than the prothorax, acutely carinate and deeply punctate-striate ; 
legs and underside as in the preceding species. Length 6, 
width 2 mm. 

Sah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

In A. imiyressicollis the intermediate joints of tlie 
antennas are more moniliform from and including the 
sixth than in the other species. 

AsYLEPTUS, n. gen. 

Mentum as in Acustus ; maxillary palpi with the last joint 
triangular, bluntly truncate ; antennae moderately long, and 
moderately thick, conical, the joints of nearly equal length, except 
the basal one which is the longest, and the apical one which is a 
little shorter, slender at the base, sub-pyriform at the tip and less 
thickened than either of the two preceding joints ; eyes separated 
by a narrow line on the vertex ; frontal crests produced in front, 
meetiug in the centre, and perpendicularly carinate ; prothorax 
and elytra as in Acastus ; legs more slender and a little longer than 
in that genus, anterior tibiae not sinuated inwardly, the anterior 
femora without any conical tooth. 

A. fmnosus, n. sp. 

Piceous, opaque, glabrous, antennae, palpi and legs reddish- 
brown ; labrum and epistoma closely punctulate ; frontal part 
produced in two projecting much raised crests, united in front, and 

180 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and sjpecies of 

carinate along the point of insertion of the antennae ; prothorax 
nearly straight laterally, truncate in front, bi-sinuate at base, 
plane, a little dehiscent in the anterior part, glabrous, closely punc- 
tured and with two faint impressions, one on each side ; elytra 
sub-cylindrical, sharply carinate, intervals closely and deeply 
punctured, the punctures in the first and second intervals not 
so deep as in the others ; underside glabrous, with the exception of 
the abdomen, which is clothed with very short pubescence. Length 9, 
width ?>\ mm. 

Hah. Cape Colony (Kowie Eiver). 


Subfamily LAMIINI. 

Gen. Brimus, Pasc. 

B.ixiscoei, n. sp. 

Black, covered with a very short, slightly greyish tomentum, 
lateral part of the scutellum, of the meso- and metasternum, and 
also of the abdominal segments, clothed with a bright ochraceous 
pubescence ; head rugulose, clypeus distinct, vertex deeply and 
broadly grooved, frontal and hind part with a very fine groove ; the 
two basal joints of antenna black, the others rufescent ; prothorax 
as long as broad, sharply aculeate laterally at the middle, grooved 
transversely in front and behind, median part of the disk slightly 
raised in the shape of a lozenge and narrowly grooved longitudi- 
nally ; elytra three times as loug as the prothorax, elongate-ovate, 
with the sutural part incised at the apex, very convex in the 
middle, gradually sloping behind, a little broader at the base than 
the hind part of the prothorax, with the humeral angles diagonal 
and produced in a short tubercle, granulated for about one-fifth of 
their length, punctured from the base to about the median part and 
not punctate behind ; legs with long pubescence, tibiaa dilated 
from the median part to the apex, the intermediate ones almost 
laminated outwardly. Length 29, width 10 mm. 

Much larger than B. sjnnosns, Pasc, and without any 
basal tubercle on the elytra, which are not mottled with 

Hah. Transvaal (Potchefstroom). 

Coleoptera from SoutJi Africa. ' 181 

Gen. Sternotomis, Perch. 

S. mozamhica, n. sp. 

Black, covered with a thick ochraceous tomentum ; mandibles 
massive, with two small rounded tubercles on the outer basal part 
in the ^ ; anterior part of the head finely granulate, apical part 
of the vertex with a semicircular impression followed by a longi- 
tudinal median line, eyes large : prothorax transverse, with the 
median part of the outersides aculeate, bi-impressed ti-ansversely 
at apex and base, median part of the disk also with a transverse 
impression, slightly sinuate in the middle, in front and behind ; 
elytra sub-cuneiform, broader at the base than the prothorax, and 
with the shoulders projecting a little, but rounded and not tuber- 
culpted, gradually attenuate behind, set with moderately close 
granules at the base, and irregularly punctured ; intercoxal process 
of the prosternum hollowed, narrowed and rounded in front ; 
antennae twice the length of the body in the ^ , finely granulose and 
pubescent. Length 27, width 10 mm. 

Hah. Mozambique (Rikatla). 

TiMORETicus, n. gen. 

Head, eyes, labrum and palpi of Zo///'o^>^».s', Cast.; antennae of equal 
length in both sexes, with the 2nd, 3rd and 4th joints much thicker 
than the others ; prothorax short, with a conical lateral tubercle ; 
elytra sub- cylindrical, with the humeral angles well developed; inter- 
coxal part of the mesosternum without any projection, that of the 
metasternum sub-aculeate and hardly projecting ; legs as in Zo- 

Allied to Zographus, but easily distinguished from it in 
having antennee of equal length in both sexes, and the 
3rd, 4th and 5th joints much thicker than the others ; 
the prothorax is less hexagonal, the metasternal projection 
is differently shaped, and the elytra are more cylindrical. 

T. armatice^'^v , n. sp. 

Chocolate-brown, very finely and thickly pubescent ; frontal 
part of the head with a very narrow median ridge, (J with a long, 
flat, sub-vertical median lamina excavate in the centre, vei'tex with 
a semicircular groove, followed by a longitudinal median one ; 
prothorax one-third broader than long, with the median part of the 
outersides produced in a sharp tubercle, deeply impressed trans- 
versely in front and behind, and with tbe intermediate part some- 

182 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

■what bi-jjlicate ; both head and prothorax are clothed with a slightly 
ochraceous pubescence ; scutellum transverse, sub-quadrate ; elytra 
sub-parallel, a little broader at the base than the prothorax across the 
median part, sinuate laterally at the base in such a way as to make the 
humeral angle very prominent, a little attenuate gradually towards 
the apex, convex, closely punctured, and covered with a very fine, 
short, slightly greyish pubescence, sprinkled with minute light 
ochraceous or whitish spots, and having also two broader ones at 
the base on each side of the scutellum ; underside and legs densely 
pubescent ; the 4th joint of the antennae is slightly constricted near 
the apex, and all the joints are pubescent and ringed with brown 
at the tip from the fourth to the last one. The 5 has no trace of 
the frontal process. Length 21-22, width 7i-8 mm. 

Hah. Mozambique (Rikatla) ; Transvaal. 

In the examples from Rikatla the white speckles on 
the elytra are much more conspicuous than in those from 
the Transvaal. 

Gen. Tragocephala, Cast. 

T. riliatlfe, n. sp. 

Densely covered with a very short black velvety pubescence ; 
antennae and legs velvety-black ; head and prothorax bright 
sulphur-yellow, the latter with a narrow median longitudinal black 
band reaching from the base to the apex, the lateral part of 
the prothorax aculeate in the middle ; elytra as broad as the 
prothorax in the median part, a little attenuated behind, depressed, 
and with four broad transverse bands on each side edged with 
white, separated by a narrow band of the black ground-colour and 
reaching from the outer margins to near the suture, but discon- 
nected from it ; the first, second and fourth bands are of nearly 
equal breadth, but the third one is narrower and divided in 
two at about the median part by a diagonal narrow black line ; 
underside with a broad bright yellow lateral band running from 
the sides of the mesosternum to the apex ; legs bright yellow. 
Length 15, width 5 mm. 

Hah. Mozambique (Rikatla). 

At once distinguished from the other South African 
species by the narrow black median line of the prothorax, 
and the very broad yellow bands of the elytra, which 
have very nearly invaded the whole of the surface. 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 183 

Gen. Ceeoplesis, Serv. 
C. manic ana, n, sp. 

Black, the elytra bluish-black, with short pubescence ; head 
•with two frontal, longitudinal red bands; prothorax constricted at 
base and apex, tuberculated laterally beyond the median part, sub- 
tuberculated and rugose on the disk, anterior and posterior 
constrictions banded with pale vermilion ; elytra elongated, 
gradually narrowed from the base to the apex, which is rounded, 
convex, deeply and closely punctured all over, but more deeply 
in the basal part, which has a brassy tinge, and having two 
transverse, non-sinuate vermilion-red bands reaching from side to 
side, one supra-apical one, sinuate laterally, one apical patch, and a 
supra-marginal dot between the post median and the supra-apical 
bands ; epipleura3 red from the base to the median part ; underside 
pubescent, meso- and metasternum each with a lateral red patch. 
Length 30, width 10 mm. ^ 

Hah. Zambezia (Manica). 

In the (J the elytra are more acuminate behind than 
in any other South African species known to me. 

G.fallax, n. sp. 

Black, with a very short, greyish pubescence ; frontal part of 
the head with two longitudinal pale vermilion-red bands and a 
transverse apical one ; prothorax constricted at base and apex, 
tuberculated laterally beyond the median part, rugose on the disk, 
the anterior and posterior constrictions banded with pale vermilion- 
red; elytra cylindrical, finely and closely punctured, each puncture 
bearing a very short, greyish hair ; their basal part has no bronze 
tinge, and they have a sub-humeral pale vermilion-red band 
reaching neither the outer margin nor the suture on each side, 
two median ones, moderately broad, reaching the outer margins, 
another band reaching from the outer margin to the median part 
of the disk or sometimes to near the suture, a sub-sinuate supra- 
apical one reaching from side to side and an apical patch coalescing 
along the margin with the supra-apical band ; epipleurte red from 
the base to the median part ; underside more densely pubescent 
than the upper, lateral part of the meso- and metasternum, as 
well as of the abdominal segments, the last one excepted, red. 
Length 2(3, width 9 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

184 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

Very closely allied to C. malepicta, Fairm., but with 
tlie subhumeral band of the elytra better defined, the two 
median bands a little broader, and the supra-apical one 



Gen. PoLYCLEis, Bohem. 
P. siimptnosus, n. sp. 

Oblong-ovate, black, densely covered with green scales, elytra 
with two greenish-white lateral patches, of which the anterior one 
situated above the median part is the broadest of the two, the 
other, a small one, is equidistant from the median and 
apical parts, and a little beyond the median part of the disk there 
is a transverse baud reaching on each side from the middle of the 
elytra to the suture ; rostrum grooved horizontally in the central 
part only, and slightly carinate at the apex ; prothorax gradually 
ampliated from the apex to the base, with the outer sides straight, 
twice the width of the apex at the base and with the basal angles 
sharp and projecting backward, very finely punctured and without 
any median groove ; scutellum elongate, rounded at the apex ; 
elytra nearly twice as broad near the base as the prothorax at 
its widest part, but with the outer angles sloping, and the shoulders 
sub-tuberculate, gradually narrowed behind, very convex, and with 
the suture acuminate on each side at the apex, striate,' but not 
deeply, and with the anterior part distinctly punctured, the 
punctures, however, being generally hidden by the green squamaj ; 
antenna and tarsi black and covered with a thick, white pubes- 
cence. Length 20, width 8 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Buluwayo). 

Belongs to the group of P. eqiiestris, Boh., and P. 
cinereus, Fahr., but neither the prothorax nor the elytra 
are quite so much ampliated. 

Coleoptera from South Africa. 185 

P. i^rasinus, n. sp. 

The description of the preceding species applies to the present 
one but the elytra have no greenish-white patch whatever, and the 
whole of the upper part is not only densely squamose but also 
briefly and densely pubescent and the prothorax is a little less 
attenuate in the anterior part. Length 20-21, width 7-7f mm. 

Hob. Zambezia (Buluwayo). 

P. decorus, n. sp. 

Black, covered witli a very short, greyish pubescence ; pro- 
thorax with a moderately broad, lateral whitish band ; elytra wdth 
a lateral whitish band beginning near the shoulder, broadly dilated 
before the median part where it reaches the fourth costa, narrowed 
from thence and running along the seventh and eighth intervals to 
a short distance from the apex, also with a diagonal band of the 
same colour extending from the third interval to the suture, a 
little beyond the median part of the disk ; head and rostrum 
longitudinally plicate, the former with a median longitudinal 
groove ; prothorax not broader than the head at the apex, gradually 
ampliated from the apex to the base, the outer angles of w^hich are 
distinctly acute, very closely granulate and with a narrow, shallow, 
pubescent median longitudinal groove ; elytra almost truncate at 
the base, with the shoulders hardly sloping, a little attenuate 
behind, but not at all dilated laterally in the median part, punctate- 
striate from the base to the middle, with the intervals slightly 
raised and rounded : underside with long pubescence ; the joints 
of the tarsi broad, the terminal one not very much broader than 
the others. Length 17, width 6 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

Allied to P. longiconiU and P. vestitus, Fahr. It differs 
from tbe former in havinc^ comparatively short and more 
slender antennae ; the prothorax is narrower ; the lateral 
white lunule of the elytra projects more towards the 
centre and is produced behind in a narrow band, and the 
sutural, post-median patch is in the shape of a diagonal 
band, the elytra themselves also being broader. 

Gen. CiMBUs, Schonh. 

C. viridanus, n. sp. 
Black, covered with green scales, these being denser along the 
outer part of the prothorax and elytra ; rostrum a little narrower 
at apex than at base, grooved from the basal part to near the apex, 

186 M. Louis Peringuey on new genera and species of 

neither head nor apex constricted, eyes projecting ; prothorax sub- 
cylindrical, but a little broader at the base than at the apex, and 
with the basal angles somewhat sharp, a little depressed longi- 
tudinally in the middle and with a very narrow groove ; elytra 
elongate, convex, attenuate laterally from the median part to the 
apex, which is acuminate on each side of the suture, striate, with 
the stria3 distinctly punctured from the base to the middle, intervals 
slightly convex ; the green scales are denser in the intervals than in 
the strife, making the dorsal part appear as if it had alternate green 
and black lines, but the green scales are very dense along the sides ; 
the prothorax has also a broad supra-lateral denuded band on each 
side ; legs black, with short pubescence. Length 13-14, width 
4-4i mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 


EuEEius, n. gen. 

Head short, eyes flat, surmounted by a very high compressed 
carinate crest ; rostrum moderately long, slightly bi-constricted 
laterally, near the base and below the scrobe ; antennse short, and 
with seven articulations, the scape also short, the 2nd joint 
equally thick but still shorter, the 3rd joint a little narrower than 
the following three, the last joint as long as the three pre- 
ceding, and with the outer part of the tip diagonally truncate ; 
prothorax very slender, and narrower behind than in front ; 
elytra very gibbose, sub-pedunculate, retuse behind ; legs very 
massive, tarsi short, very broad, with the 2nd joint a little broader 
than the others, and the 4th not much longer than the 3rd, 
equally broad, all closely articulated. 

E. aurivlllii, n. sp. 

Black, with the median part of the head, the prothorax, a 
narrow sutural line, as well as the sides of the elytra, and the legs 
ochraceous-brown ; rostrum with a few short bristles, separated 
from the head by a slight lateral impression ; head very short, eyes 
surmounted by a semicircular compressed, very highly raised 
ridge, having a few very short bristles on the margin ; prothorax 
narrow, almost straight laterally, a little narrower behind, deeply 

Coleojytera from South Africa. 187 

pitted and with two conspicuous sharp spines on each side of the 
central part of the disk, and also a row of smaller ones on the 
lateral part ; elytra very gibbose, sub-pedunculate, retuse behind 
and having on each side two rows of regularly set conical tubercles 
reaching from base to apex, sides regularly and broadly foveate. 
Length (rostrum excluded) 8, width 3^ mm. 

Hah. Cape Colony (Albany). 

Gen. Brachycerus, Oliv. 
B. indutus, n. sp. 

Black, covered with a very dense squamiform, light brown 
tomentum ; scape of antennae cylindi'ical, not narrowed at the 
base, and short ; rostrum long, bluntly bi-tuberculate at the base, 
sinuate laterally and gradually broadening towards the apex, eyes 
without any supra-orbital ridge ; head small ; prothorax broader 
than long, with the median part of the sides pluri-tuberculate and 
projecting, anterior margin broadly sinuate laterally, anterior part 
not projecting, disk moderately convex and with a broad median 
longitudinal groove interrupted in the middle, posterior margin 
straight, deeply and irregularly foveate all over ; elytra convex, 
truncate at the base, declivous behind, somew^hat ovate, having 
on each side five series of closely-set sharp tubercles, and four 
more along the sides, these lateral tubercles being blunt, the intervals 
between the series of dorsal tubercles foveate, covered with 
a dense light-brown tomentum, and at the base, there is on each 
side of the scutellary region an elongated and conspicuous tubercle 
covered with a velvety-black tomentum ; legs thick, bristly. 
Length (rostrum excluded) 10-15, width 6-9 mm. 

Hah. Cape Colony (Vaal River), Mozambique (Rikatla). 

B. diver gens, n. sp. 

Black, more or less densely covered with yellowish squamae ; 
rostrum long, bi-tuberculate and constricted at the base, gradually 
dilated from the stricture to the apex, foveolate, and with short 
sets ; scape of anteunte incurved, clubbed at the tip, as long as 
the four following joints together, terminal joint thickened ; 
eyes without orbital ridge ; prothorax deeply sinuate laterally 
in the anterior part, and with the median part projecting, broadly 
and deeply grooved longitudinally from the apex to about the 
median part of the disk, closely tuberculated, with the intervals 
deeply foveate, and with the median part of the outer sides pro- 

188 M, Louis Peringuey on tieiv genera and siiecies of 

duced in a very sharp triangular pluri-tuberculated spine : elytra 
very convex, sub-globose, moderately retuse behind, with three 
rows on each side of well-developed and somewhat sharp tubercles, 
and two intermediate ones smaller and blunter in the intervals, the 
first one running alongside the suture from the base almost to the 
apex, the second stopping short of the posterior declivity, 
lateral part with three or four series of blunter tubercles ; 
the intervals are sub-foveate and squamose, the squamas are 
denser on the median part, where they form a distinct, more or less 
sinuate, small pale yellow patch on each side of the suture ; 
legs thick, bristly. licngth 14, width 8 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

B. effertus, n. sp. 

Black, densely covered with ochraceous scales : rostrum long, 
dilated triangularly towards the apex, separated from the head by 
a deep groove, and constricted below this groove and at a little 
distance from it, deeply foveate in the basal part, hardly so in the 
apical ; head small, eyes elongate-ovate, depressed ; prothorax 
sharply aculeate laterally in the middle, set on the disk with round, 
flattened tubercles, grooved in the median part from apex to base, 
the anterior part of the groove broad, deep, and limited by two 
rounded, tuberculated ridges, one on each side; elytra very convex, 
obovate, moderately retuse behind, and having on each side, 
besides a juxta-sutural one, four regular series of rounded, 
flattened, denuded tubercles, those of the alternate series much 
larger than the others, sides with several rows of smaller, regularly 
disposed tubercles, and all the intervals densely clothed with 
ochraceous scales ; legs moderately thick, not very bristly, supra- 
apical end of femora ringed with lighter ochraceous scales. 
Length (rostrum excluded) 25, width 19 mm. 

Hob. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

Allied to B. natalennis, B. hrevicostatiis, Fahr., etc. 


Gen. Attelabus, Linn. 

A, carneolns, n. sp. 

Light testaceous-red with a fleshy tinge, glabrous ; antenuse 
shorter than the head, black, with the two basal joints red ; head 
plicate transversely, grooved longitudinally from the vertex to 

Coleoj)! era from 8o%ith Africa. 189 

thfe base, and having a short, curved groove above each eye ; 
rostrum much shorter than the head, dilated at the apex and 
closely punctured ; prothorax elongate, very much attenuated in 
the anterior j^art, truncate and deeply grooved transversely at 
both ends, roughly plicate transversely and having a broad, lateral 
black band ; scutellum sub-triangular, edged by a rounded, con- 
spicuous ridge ; elytra much broader than the prothorax, parallel, 
but very convex, although a little depressed in the anterior part, 
costate, with the second and fourth costte more raised than the 
others and reaching the base, intervals closely foveate ; they are of 
the same colour as the head and prothorax, but have a transverse 
darker median band extending from side to side, and ascending 
the suture a little, and a lateral black band reaching from the 
humeral angle to about the middle ; sides of the meso- and meta- 
sternum with a lateral flavescent pubescent patch ; abdomen closely 
punctured ; legs strong, femora without spine, tibiae serrulate 
inwardly. Length (rostrum excluded) 7, width 3^^ mm. 

Hah. Natal (Durban). 

Gen. Apoderus, Oliv. 

A. cjeniiUs, n. sp. 

Head, prothorax, pygidium and underside vermilion-red ; an- 
tenna and legs flavescent ; labrum edged with black ; head smooth, 
slightly grooved in the median part of the apex ; prothorax quite 
smooth and with a small lateral black dot ; elytra flavescent, with a 
black basal transverse band and a somewhat sinuate supra-apical 
one, faintly seriate-punctate, and with two round basal costse 
disappearing before they reach the median part. Length 5, 
width 25 mm. 

Hah. Zambezia (Salisbury). 

With the exception of Euretus auvivilUi, Sternotomis 
mozamhica, Tragocej)hala rikatlw, and the seven species 
of Paussus, the types of the insects described are con- 
tained in the South African Museum. 

( 191 ) 

VIII. Descriptions of New Scolytidx from the Indo- 
Malayan and Austro -Malay an Regions. By 
Walter F. H. Blandford, M.A., F.Z.S. 

[Read March 18th, 1896.] 

The purport of this paper is to describe some of the 
moi'e important unrecownized species of Scolytidte from 
the Tropical Old World, which are in my collection. 
Thirty-three new species are distinguished, and of these 
about half were collected by Dr. A. R. Wallace during 
his travels in the Malay Archipelago. It is greatly to be 
regretted that his collections of this family, to which he 
paid some attention, have been broken up before an^ 
opportunity offered of their being dealt with as a whole. 

The Platypodinas were, it is true, described by 
Chapuis, and form no small part of the Old World 
species enumerated in his memoir, but the collections of 
the remaining subfamilies have been scattered, and I have 
been able to examine only the small number of speci- 
mens which passed into the possession of the late Mr. 
Wilson Saunders, and subsequently of myself. No 
attempt has been made to give an exhaustive account of 
that material. Some examples, especially of doubtful 
genera, are in an unfit state for critical examination ; 
while species of Cryphalus and Hypothenemus are best 
dealt with when reviewing those genera, or any con- 
siderable section of them, en masse. 

The wide range of the forms described, from Southern 
India to New Guinea, is to be justified partly by the 
homogeneous character, so far as is known, of the 
Scolytid fauna of the Eastern Tropics, partly by the fact 
that considerable collections of these insects are rarely 
made, and any attempt rigidly to confine descriptive papers 
to the fauna of limited regions must necessarily result 
in the multiplication of small papers, containing each 
descriptions of a very few species, which, though often 
necessary, are certainly inconvenient. 

Among the more interesting novelties, attention may 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND., 1896. — PART II. (jUNE). 

192 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

be called to Platypus plLili-ppinensis, Scolyto-platypus 
eutomoides, Tomicus ])erexiguus, Xylehonis colossus, X. 
glolus, X. scahrijyennis, X. arcticollis, and X. spatulatus, 
all of which present considerable differences from any of 
their known congeners. 

Crossotarsiis cavifrons, sp. n. 

Mas. Elongatus, badius, elytris apice infuscatis ; froute opaca, 
medio impressa ; prothorace oblongo, sparsim punctato, punctis in 
lateribus sulci aggregatis ; elytris punctato-striatis, ad apicem 
declivibus, pilosis, angulis postero-lateralibus productis, depressione 
terminali lunata, subtus juxta suturam utrinque dentata. Long. 
3-6 mm. 

Male, Rather elongate, bright brown, the elytra becoming 
gradually blackish towards apex. Front opaque, impunctate save 
towards the vertex, with a median impression, longitudinally 
sulcate from the vertex to the middle, its sides subcallose opposite 
the antennal insertion ; vertex irregularly punctate on either side 
of the median striga and laterally with one or two deep pits. 
Prothorax a third longer than broad, scantily and irregularly 
punctate, with a series of deep points along the apical margin, 
impunctate over the median area anterior to the long and fine 
sulcus, which has one or two lines of aggregated but not pore-like 
punctures on either side of its anterior half. Elytra punctate- 
striate, the striae impressed as usual at the base, interstices flat 
throughout, the first and alternate interstices with au irregular 
single series of finer punctures from the base, the others im- 
punctate ; apical fourth gradually declivous, convex, coarsely and 
irregularly punctate and shortly setose, not striate or granulate ; 
postero-lateral angles produced downwards and backwards, acute, 
terminal impression lunate, concave, its lower margin with a tooth 
on each side external to the apex of the suture. 

Eah. Gilolo (Wallace). 

Two examples. Although the PlatypodinaB collected 
by Wallace were described by Chapuis, the present form 
appears, for some reason, to have been overlooked ; all 
my other specimens from the Wilson Saunders collection 
have passed through Chapuis's hands and bear his labels. 

It is quite probable that the species here described is 
no more than the other sex of G. indomitus, Chap., taken 
by Wallace in the neighbouring island of Morty. What 

Descriptions of New Scolytidse. 193 

has become of the type of that insect I do not know, but 
without it association of the two foi^ms as sexes is im- 
possib'e. If this conjecture be correct, the male offers 
no vahd reason for the separation of the species from the 
Crossotarsi suhdepressi, as conjectured by Chapuis. 

Platypus pihilippinensis, sp. n. 

Mas. Nigro-piceus, nitidus ; fronte plana, dense areolato- 
punctata ; prothorace oblougo ; elytris versus apicem subangus- 
tatis et in processus productis, fortiter punctato-striatis, interstitiis 
planis, similibus ; processu utroque ab altero discrete, longo, acuto, 
postice producto et inferue curvato, in margine superiore dente 
acuto armato. Long. 6-3 mm. 

Male. Pitchy-black, shining, subglabrous. Front flat, rugose 
with very close areolate punctures, finer towards the mouth, their 
interspaces forming a raised reticulum ; vertex with strong sub- 
strigose punctures, the median and lateral smooth spaces evident. 
Prothorax a third longer than broad, the sulcus fine, not reaching 
the base, the punctuation distinct, sparse, rather closer towards the 
middle of the disc but absent along the middle line and the mar- 
gins of the sulcus, strong and close in the hind-angles of the 
emargination and basal border, but not the apical. Elytra with very 
strongly punctured striae, similar at the base, the punctures deep and 
subquadrate, isolated before the middle, then more or less confluent, 
the apical portions of the strise sulcate and curved outwards ; inter- 
.stices flat, shiuing, similar throughout, closely punctate at the base, 
the alternate interstices alone with a series of microscopic points 
throughout, their apical portions much narrowed and subcostate, the 
1st sulcate and split, its outer half curved outwards, the 3rd alone 
seriato-punctate ; apices narrowed, produced backwards and some- 
what downwards into two long acute processes, separated from each 
other by a space nearly as deep as broad and widened from the 
fundus to the apex of the processes, their upper border formed by 
the conjunction of the outer half of the 1st, and 2nd interstices, 
armed about the middle with an acute tooth directed backwards 
and inwards, and thence curved downwards, their lower border 
continuous with the 8th interstice and sinuate at its junction with 
the elytra, their inner face concave, continuous with the declivous 
median terminal portion of the elytra, which is internal to the 
everted half of the 1st interstice, longitudinally convex and rugose- 
Underside and legs concolorous ; abdomen depressed, rugosely 

Hah. Phihppine Is. 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART II. (jUNE.) 13 

194 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

One example. This species differs so much from any 
described Platypus as to be referable to no existing 
division of the genus. Its nearest affinities seem to be 
with the Plat I/pi Chvyuri, or perhaps the P. truncati, of 
which not much is known. The abdomen is depressed 
and ascends somewhat from the base to the apex ; but 
the species does not appear to possess any relationship 
with Crossotarsus, its maxillary structure being that of 
a normal Platypus. Its position in the genus will be 
much clearer when the opposite sex is known. 

Platypus hiuncus, sp. n. 

Linearis ; fronte bilineato-punctata et striga media impressa ; 
prothorace eloiigato ; elytris lineato-punctatis. Long. 2-8 mm. 

Mas. Fusco-testaceus ; elytris posterius inf uscatis, ante 
apicem constrictis, baud declivibus, depressione postica lunata^ 
angulis productis, emarginatione longiore quam latiore, baud 
dentata, ambitu superiore ad suturam transverse. 

Fem. Pallide testacea ; protborace plaga cribriformi angusta, 
elongata, circa sulcum munito : elytris postice infuscatis, depres- 
sione apicali lunata, margine suturali quam margine inferiore 

Linear, tbe front nearly flat, more sbining in the male than the 
female, with a short impressed median striga situate between two 
longitudinal rows of punctures; vertex dull, without a shining 
space, with a few deep punctures. Prothorax a half longer than 
broad, the lateral emargination well-marked. Elytra about twice 
as long as the prothorax, finely lineato-punctate, the interstices 
scarcely visibly punctured. 

Male. Testaceous-brown, the elytra infuscate posteriorly. 
Prothoracic sulcus rather long, with a group of 3 to 5 large 
punctures on each side of its anterior extremity, remainder of 
surface with irregularly mixed large and small punctures, absent 
round the hind part of the sulcus, apex and base narrowly stri- 
gillate. Elytra constricted before the terminal impression, the 
inner rows of punctures stronger, the 2nd, 4th, 6th, interstices 
impressed at the base and furnished with one or two granules ; 
apical impression vertical, irregularly ovate, eraarginate below to 
the middle, the emargination widening above and deeper than 
broad, the fundus biconcave, with prominent margins, transverse 
above at the suture, the apical processes produced downwards and 
backwards, closely approximate at the tip, their outer margin sub- 

Descriptions of New Scolytidse. 195 

Female. Pale testaceous, the head and apex of the elytra in- 
f uscate. Prothorax with a narrow oblong patch of punctures round 
the sulcus, a little stronger in front, remainder of surface finely 
reticulate and feebly punctate. Elytral rows of punctures very 
feeble, 3rd interstice granulate at the base ; apical depression 
lunate, rounded and not sulcate above, the postero-lateral angles 
acute, the inferior margin concave, much longer than the sutui-al 
margin, the fundus subconcave, rugulose and shortly hairy. 

Hah. Sumatra, from tobacco (Grouvelle). 

In spite of the examples having been found in tobacco- 
bales in Paris, there can be no question as to the original 
locality of this little species, one of the smallest of the 
subfamily. The male is distinguished from P. forjicuJa 
and allied species by its size, extreme tenuity, and the 
deep apical emargination, which is narrowed at its mouth 
by the approximation of the postero-lateral angles. The 
female resembles that of P. pallidus, Chap., but is much 
more attenuated, and can be separated by the frontal 

Scaly to -platypus (Teeniocerus) raja. 
Blandf. Tr. Ent. Soc, 1893, p. 440. 

I have had the opportunity of examining a second 
specimen of the male from the Hope Collection. The ex- 
ample is brownish-black, and is less pilose than the type, 
especially on the head, a distinction which may however 
depend on differences in the length of life of the speci- 
mens; it has the elytral interstices more distinctly 
alternate on the declivity, the second being impressed. 
The characteristic hairs round the spines are present. 
I have been able to examine the prosternum, which 
differs decidedly from that of 8. mikado, in the chiti- 
nous appendages of the prosternal organ. These instead 
of being incurved are widely divaricate, straight, and 
either abruptly bent inwards at the tip or furnished on 
the inner side with a tooth, like the bai'b of a fish- 

If, as is probable, this curious genus is rich in species, 
it is evident that the structure of this male organ of 
unknown function is likely to furnish differential charac- 
ters of great value, and its careful examination is there- 
fore indispensable. 

196 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

Scolyto-platypus {Txniocerus) eutomoides, sp. n. 

Mas. Breviter obloDgus, opacus, fusco-ferrugineus, pedibus 
testaceis, pube quam brevissima flava pruinosus ; fronte ad oculos 
excavata ; prothorace quadrato, angulis posticis acutis, supra rudi, 
vermiculato-rugoso ; ita elytris ad basin, sed ab antica tertia parte 
convexe subglobose declivibus, late subsulcatis, sulcis lineis cari- 
natis postice obliteratis separatis. Long. 3 mm. 

Male. Short, oblong, quite dull, fusco-ferruginous, covered 
with extremely short yellow pubescence, imperceptible unless seen 
sideways. Front impressed and concave to the eyes, with an 
incised line from the vertex to the middle, the pubescence a little 
longer round the upper margin but not strong ; antenna with the 
characters of Tamiocerus, brown-testaqeous, the club infuscate, not 
very elongate, pubescent, with a few long hairs towards the tip. 
Prothorax quadrate, broader than long, the lateral emargination of 
the sides scarcely present, the hind-angles acute, prominent and 
directed outwards, apical border very obtusely rounded, with no 
median emargination : surface dull and finely scabrous with an 
irregular corroded sculpture. Scutellum absent. Elytra a very 
little wider than the prothorax at its base and scarcely longer, 
subtruncate at the base, with very finely elevated margins, the 
shoulders rectangular, but somewhat rounded, the sides exactly 
parallel, the apex rather obtusely rounded ; surface cylindrical for 
rather less than the basal third and sculptured like the prothorax, 
then declivous and convex, the declivity subspherically rounded, 
its upper half with six very shallow wide rough sulci, separated by 
fine carinate lines, obsolete behind, the lower half uniformly 
roughened. Underside concolorous, shortly pubescent, the abdo- 
men dull and rugulose, with the first two segments completely 
connate ; anterior flexed surface of the prothorax wide, proster- 
num with a raised carina crossing the flexed surface and becoming 
more elevated at the tip, below which the anterior margin is pro- 
duced forwards, at its extremity are two short obliquely placed 
lobes, subquadrate, with the outer apical angle rounded and the 
inner acute. Anterior coxs with a pencil of very long thick 
yellow hairs ; anterior tibise coarsely scabrous externally, middle 
and posterior tibias slender ; tarsi slender, elongate, somewhat less 
so than in S. mikado. 

Hah. Celebes. 

The colour, whicli is perhaps that of a somewhat 
immature example, and sculpture give the insect a 

Descriptions of New Scolytidse, 197 

certain resemblance to the species of Eutovins or Rliipid^ 
andrus J the main structural characters agree well with 
those of S. mikado, Blandf. I have received two 
specimens from Mr. 0. E. Janson. 

Hylesinus wallacei, sp. n. 

Mas. Oblongo-ovalis, nigro-piceus, opacus ; fronte impressa ; 
protliorace grosse f oveolato-punctato, apice et angulis anticis tuber- 
culatis ; elytris crenato-striatis, interstitiis uniseriatim, ad basin 
modo subirregulariter tuberculatis, et quam minutissime setosis. 
Long. 4' 2 mm. 

Male. Oblong-oval. Head black, opaque, front and rostrum 
widely impressed, subnitid, punctured and with a few minute 
appressed hairs ; mouth reddish ; antennje brown-testaceous, the 
club elongate. Prothorax moderately transverse, widest about the 
base, the hind-angles rounded, the sides gently and regularly 
incurved to th-i apex ; surface regularly and not strongly convex, 
piceous-black, opaque, subglabrous, with large deep foveolate 
punctures, close and in parts confluent ; median impunctate line 
finely elevated behind, anterior margin with a row of tubercles, 
larger on the apical angles, the sides submuricate. Scutellum 
convex, transverse. Elytra twice as long as the prothorax, wider 
at the base, their basal margins crenate and elevated but not 
strongly rounded, the sides curved throughout, obliquely behind 
the middle ; the apex not conjointly rounded ; surface piceous, 
with strong crenately punctured striae ; interstices convex, unise- 
riately tuberculate, the tubercles stronger, closer and transverse at 
the base, smaller and rounder on the declivity, apex of the 2nd 
interstice a little depressed ; elytral pubescence subsquamous, very 
short and difficult to observe. 

Hah. Mysol (Wallace). 

Hylesinus despedus, Walk. 

I must refer to this Ceylonese species, with which I 
have previously identified H. scohipennis, Chap., four 
examples taken by Wallace, in Sarawak, Celebes, 
Batchian, and Dorey in New Guinea, respectively. 
The specimens show some differences, both in the depth 
of the thoracic punctuation and the shape of the pro- 
thorax, which, in all, except the Batchian example, is 
somewhat trapezoidal, with a rather distinct muricate 

198 .Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

tubercle at the anterior angles. In the absence of long 
series, it can only be said that there are no present 
reasons for doubting the substantial identity of all these 
forms ; the differences in the shape of the prothorax 
appear to be sexual, the trapezoidal shape existing in the 
female, although the New Guinea example, apparently a 
male, as its front is impressed, offers some difficulty 
towards the acceptance of this supposition. 

Phloeosinus cribratus, sp. n. 

Fem. (?) Oblongo-obovata, picea, antennis pedibusque ruf escen- 
tibus ; prothorace semielliptico, subglabro, subnitido, fortiter 
punctato, linea media subelevata Itevi ; elytris crenato-striatis, 
interstitiis transverse rugosis, in declivitate, 2° , i^exceptis, seriato- 
tuberculatis et brevissime setosis. Long. 2 mm. 

Female. (?). Oblong-obovate. Head pitchy-black, the front 
shining, rather strongly but not rugosely punctured, above convex, 
with a median tubercle, impressed below and smoother, scantily 
and shortly hairy, the mouth with a very short yellowish fringe ; 
eyes bipartite, the emargination just reaching the posterior border 
of the eye ; antenna yellow-testaceous, normal, the club finely 
and closely pubescent. Prothorax as long as broad, narrowed from 
the base, the sides and apex rounded in a conjoint ellipse, the basal 
border bisinuate, forming an obtuse angle in the middle ; surface 
reddish piceous, shining, subglabrous, strongly but not rugosely 
punctate, the median line smooth, subelevated. Elytra a httle 
wider than the prothorax, and three-fourths longer, their basal 
margins oblique, narrowly elevated and crenate, the sides sinuate 
and subampliated behind, the apex broadly rounded ; surface 
piceous, reddish posteriorly, crenate-striate, the striae deep but not 
wide, siibequal throughout, interstices subconvex, more strongly on 
the declivity, closely and transversely rugulose, with very short uni- 
seriate squamiform bristles (probably from base to apex in fresh 
examples), and behmd the middle with small uniseriate tubercles, 
absent towards the apex of the 2nd and 4th interstices, the bristles 
irregularly biseriate on the apex of the other interstices. Under- 
side and legs rufescent ; 3rd tarsal joint simple. 

Hah. Sumatra, from tobacco (Grouvelle). 

The neai^est ally of this species appears to be P. detersus, 
Chap., from Ceylon, which is very much larger, with 
the prothorax more finely and remotely punctate, the 

Descriptions of New Scolytidx. 199 

interstices less closely rugose, and much more shining. 
The complete division of the eyes in F. crihrains is 
remarkable, but is not of sufficient importance to indicate 
generic separation. 

PhUeosiniis vilis, sp. n. 
Oblongo-ovalis, subdepressus, piceus, elytris rufescentibus, pro- 
thorace longitudine pauUo breviore,antice constricto, apice sat late 
rotundato, dorso punctate, liuea media et plaga in utroque latere 
la3vibus ; elytris punctato-striatis, interstitiis rugis transversis et 
setis brevibus uuiseriatim ornatis, in declivitate tuberculatis. 
Long. 1"5-1"6 mm. 

Mas. Fronte irapressa. 

Oblong oval, somewhat depressed. Head black, rugulose, 
subnitid, very shortly pubescent ; front ( $ ) with a not sharply- 
defined circular impression ; front (?) subconvex ; eyes narrow, 
deeply emarginate : antennce brown-testaceous, the club oval, 
not elongate. Prothorax rather broader than long, widest at 
the base and constricted towards the apex, the sides slightly 
rounded behind and sinuate in front the apex rather broadly 
and obtusely rounded, the base bisinuate, but scarcely pro- 
duced backwards in the middle ; surface piceous, lighter at 
apex, moderately shining, subglabrous, strongly punctured, the 
median line smooth, subelevated throughout, on either side be- 
hind the middle is a subelevated impunctate oblong space external 
to a shallow impression. Scutellum small, rounded, black. 
Elytra as wide as the prothorax, and fully one-half longer, 
their basal margins rounded internally, nearly transverse exter- 
nally, narrowly raised and crenate, the sides parallel, the apex 
broadly rounded ; surface piceous-red, finely punctate-striate, the 
interstices narrow, subconvex, with uniseriate very short bristles 
and transverse raised rugse, weaker at the base, tuberculiform on 
the declivity (a little moi'e strongly in the male), and absent at the 
apex of the second interstice, which is smoother and flatter in the 
male. Underside piceous, moderately strongly punctured ; legs 
brown, the 3rd tarsal joint simple. 

Hah. Sumatra, from tobacco (Grouvelle). 

I have received, from the same source, four or five 
specimens of this insect, one of the smallest species of 
the genus and of the Hylesinides. It is unusual in the 
genus to meet with so little sexual difference in the 
structure of the elytral apex. 

200 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

Cryptarthrum, g. n. 

Cryphalo affine, discedens prothoracis basi et angulis posticis 
marginatis, dorso baud evidenter asperate : tarsorum articulo 
1" minuto, 2° majore, compresso, 3° parvo. 

Head concealed, not rostrate. Eyes oval, emarginate. Antenna 
witb very sbort 4-jointed funiculus, the three distal joints trans- 
verse, widened apically, club ovate, compressed, the sutures curved 
on the inner, straight on the outer face, and ciliate. Prothorax 
short, much narrowed in front and obtusely subacuniinate at apex, 
the hind-angles and base finely margined, surface without evident 
asperities. Elytra not overlapping the prothorax at base. Anterior 
coxfe contiguous, the prosternal process short. Anterior tibiaj 
widened from base to apex, and obliquely truncate, the upper mar- 
gin sinuate, obsoletely toothed ; middle and posterior tibias with 
the upper margin rounded, serrate. Tarsi short, the 1st joint very 
small, the 2nd rather large, compressed and trigonate, the 3rd small, 
the apical joint not so long as the preceding. 

The single species more nearly resembles a CrypTialus 
than the species of any other genus. The available 
examples were too few to permit of dissection, and the 
examination of the tarsal joints proved unexpectedly 
difficult, as the underside and legs were matted together 
with some adhesive substance, probably derived from the 

Cryj)tartlirum xvall:erl, sp. n. 

Breviter oblongo-ovale, opacum, pallide fusco-testaceum, pilis 
brevibus flavo-cinereis vestitum, antennis et pedibus testaceo-ferru- 
gineis; prothorace alutaceo-ruguloso, anterius obsolete granulate ; 
elytris dense multipunctatis et seriatim setosis. Long. 1*4-1"6 ram. 

Short oblong-oval, pale fusco-testaceous, dull, with short 
moderately close cinereous-yellow pubescence mingled with 
longer setae. Front darker, impressed, rugulose, thinly hairy ; 
antennae pale ferruginous. Prothorax a half broader than long, 
subbisinuate and finely margined at the base, the margin continued 
along the subacute hind-angles to the middle of the sides, the latter 
rounded throughout, strongly incurved and constricted anteriorly, 
so that the apex appears obtusely augulate in the middle ; surface 
uniformly and not strongly convex from base to apex, alutaceous, 

Descriptions of New Scolytidai. 201 

with close rugulose punctuation, and towards the apex with minute 
scattered granules, the anterior margin crenate, pubescence decum- 
bent except for the scattered sette, and partly concealing the sculp- 
ture. Scutellum scarcely distinguishable. Elytra closely applied at 
base to the prothorax, as wide and about a third longer, the sides 
gently rounded towards the base, more strongly behind, apex 
rounded ; surface slightly rounded to the middle, thence more con- 
vex and decUvous, with very close fine subrugulose punctures, 
bearing short decumbent and sometimes squamiform hairs, the 
punctures of the striae not separable from those of the interstices, 
and with regular uniseriate erect setfe. Underside more deeply 
infuscate, pubescent. Legs ferruginous. 

Hah. Darama I. (J. J. Walker). 

Two examples. The British Museum Collection pre- 
sumably contains others, as it received the first series of 
Mr. Walker's captures. Mr. Walker informs me that 
the insect was found probably in a species of Urostigma 
(a genus alHed to Ficiis) ; this would account for the 
glutinous material which entangled the undei-sides of the 

Tomicus perexiguus, sp. n. 

Elongatus, cyhndricus, testaceus, rarissirae pilosus ; antennarum 
clava transverse suborbiculata, suturis subrectis ; prothorace 
oblongo. lateribus parallelis, apice rotundato, disco post medium sat 
distincte punctato ; elytris lineato-punctatis, punctis ad basin 
obsoletis, ad apicem profundis dilatatis, interstitiis subimpunctatis, 
apice subverticaliter retuso vel excavato, fundo subcirculari, 
punctato, infra marginato, supra utrinque bidentato. 

Mas. Apice elytrorum excavato, infra elevato-marginato, 
superne valide dentato. Long. 11) mm. 

Fem. Apice modo retuso-impresso, margine inferiore parum 
elevato, dentibus ad tuberculos minutos reductis. Long. 
1-6 mm. 

Elongate, narrow, cylindrical, testaceous, moderately shining, 
scantily and finely pilose. Front slightly convex, closely and 
rugosely punctate over the mouth, subnitid towards vertex 
(at least in $), glabrous, mouth fringed with a few short hairs ; 
eyes large, Ijroad oval, little emarginate, coarsely granulate ; 

202 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

antenniB testaceous yellow, the club suborbicular, broader than 
long, with transverse sutures, the basal joint ample, occupying 
more than half the surface, corneous on both faces. Prothorax 
oblong, parallel-sided behind the middle, slightly narrowed in front, 
broadly and strongly rounded at the apex, hind-angles rounded, the 
base subbisinuate ; surface feebly elevated before the middle, in 
front obliquely and not strongly declivous, asperate with fine 
imbricate rugse, stronger in the male, and with a few fine erect 
hairs towards the apex, behind cylindrical, slightly impressed on 
either side about the middle, moderately shining, with fine but 
evident punctuation, absent over the middle line and a spot on 
either side, interspaces ( ,$ ) smooth, ( $ ) finely reticulate. Scu- 
tellum triangular, shining, infuscate. Elytra about as wide as the 
prothorax and rather more than a third longer, truncate at base, 
with subrectangular shoulders and parallel sides ; surface cylin- 
drical, lineato-punctate, the punctures very minute at the base, 
gradually becoming large and deep towards the declivity, inter- 
stices flat, shining, remotely and microscopically punctate in single 
rows, thinly hairy towards the apex, the 2nd and 4th subelevated 
behind and furnished each on the margin of the declivity with a 
strong acute tooth ((^), a small pointed tubercle ( $ ); apex (,5') not 
narrowed, subcircularly excavate, the excavation limited to the 
posterior fourth, its fuudus concave, shining, very strongly punc- 
tured, with a raised crenate lateral and inferior margin ; apex ( 9 ) 
narrowed, retuse, with a deeply punctured impression on each side 
of the suture, wider below, the sides above callose and bearing 
the two tubercles, inferior margin well-defined but little raised. 
Underside concolorous, very scantily pubescent ; prosternum with 
a distinct antecoxal process ; tibiae very sleuder and weakly- 

Hah. Damma I. (J. J. Walker). 

Two specimens. Widely separated as tWs species is 
by its minute size from the other members of the genus, 
it appears in every respect to be a true Tomicus, and the 
male is not unlike an extremely small and elongate 
T. erosus, Woll. Though the genus PUyogenes, Bedel, 
differs from Tomicus in characters dependent merely on 
degradation and small size, this species cannot well be 
referred to it. It has a most distinct prosternal process, 
and its elytral structure is that of the Onthotomicus 

Descriptions of New Scolytidpe. '^Oo 

Dryoccetes taprohamis, sp. n. 

Oblongus, niger, uigro-piceus vel ferruginous, subnitidus, longius 
pilosus; prothorace subovato, per toturn, postice rarius, graiiulato ; 
elytris subtiliter lineato-punctatis, iaterstitiis uniseriatim setosis, 
apice foi'titer declivi, subdeplanato. Long. 3-3'8 mm. 

Oblong, varying in colour from deep ferruginous to black, usually 
black with the elytra piceous, with rather long fine erect fulvous 
pubescence. Front subconvex, impressed over tbe mouth, dull, 
closely aciculate below, punctate above, towards the vertex with a 
median shining elevation, pubescence moderately thick ; eyes 
oblong, with a rather shallow emargination ; antennae ferruginous, 
the club as in I), autographus. Prothorax a little longer than 
broad, forming an incomplete oval, widest about the hinder third, 
the sides behind little rounded, and very slightly constricted in 
front, base truncate, hind-angles obtuse but not rounded, some- 
what distinctly margined above the pleural impression; surface 
regularly convex from base to apex, pilose with erect hairs and 
asperate with elevated granules, weaker behind and replaced along 
tbe hind-margin by punctures, median line smooth, subelevated, 
extending to tbe middle. Scutellum rounded trigonate, smooth, 
shining. Elytra wider than the prothorax at its base and about a 
half longer, exactly truncate at the base, with subrectangular 
shoulders, the sides subparallel to the hinder third, thence 
obliquely incurved; surface subcyliudrical to about the middle, 
or somewhat pulvinate, thence obliquely declivous, and convex 
above, finely hneato-punctate, the punctures shallow, weaker at 
the sides, the two first strise subimpressed, the sutural the more 
distinctly, interstices nearly flat, the inner pair very feebly convex, 
subnitid, with regular single series of erect hairs arising from 
minute elevated points ; declivity flattened from side to side and 
weakly impressed on each side of the suture, obsoletely lineato- 
punctate, the interstitial hairs a little longer. Underside piceous, 
thinly pilose ; legs ferruginous, the tibiae stout, dilated towards the 
apex, and rather strongly serrate. 

Rah. Ceylon (Thwaites : in Mus. Oxon.). 

■ The Hope Collection possesses a good series of the 
species, vv^hich in size nearly equals X. autographus. 
No well-marked sexual differences appear to be 

204 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

The tliree following species of Dryoccetes show certain 
divergences from the common type of the genus in the 
shape of the prothorax, which is less elongate than usual, 
being in two of the species nearly semielliptical, and 
tends to become gibbous near the base. This form of 
prothorax, which approaches that of Xyleborus, is not 
associated with other marked differences ; the mentum 
is rather more oblong than usual, and the first joint of 
the labial palpi is very large and tumid, as in Xyleho7'us, 
the second and third being quite minute ; the maxillary 
armature, as is customary in Dryocmtes, is spinous and 
not setose. This latter point appears decisive as to 
placing the species in the present genus rather than in 
Xyleborus, with which they appear to form an osculant 
group. It would be premature to establish a fresh 
genus for them without undertaking a revisional 
examination of the mental structure in other species 
of .Dryoca'tes. 

Dryoccetes rugatus, sp. n. 

Oblongus, niger, parum uitidus, fusco-pilosus, antennis ped- 
ibusque ferrugineis ; pi'othovace vix teque longo quam lato, later- 
ibus et apice conjuuctim semielliptice rotundatis, dorso subfequaliter 
rugoso-asperato ; elytris striato-punctatis, interstitiis rugosis, et 
punctis piliferis confertis uni-vel biseriatim munitis, apice fortiter 
oblique declivi, retuso, rugoso-punctato. Long. 5 ram. 

Oblong, black, little shining, with fine fuscous-yellow pubescence, 
the legs and antennse deep ferruginous. Head shortly subrostrate, 
the front slightly convex, subnitid, closely and rugosely punctured, 
feebly impressed between the eyes, finely carinate over the mouth, 
pubescence not dense, rather long, the mouth fringed ; eyes narrow 
oblong, flat, anteriorly sinuate ; antennal club normal. Prothorax 
scarcely as long as broad, widest before the base, the sides and 
apex conjointly rounded and a little exceeding a half -ellipse, the 
hind-angles obtuse, the base subtruncate ; surface convex from side 
to side, declivous but not strongly convex from the basal limb to 
the apex, pilose with uniformly scattered hairs, short over the 
disc, longer at the sides and apex, and covered with close small im- 
bricate asperities, rather weaker behind, the median line smoother 
and subelevated from the base to the middle, but very indistinct. 
Scutellum rounded triangular, shining. Elytra truncate at the 
base, a little wider than the prothorax and not quite double as long, 

Descriptions of Netu Scohjtidai. 205 

the shoulders rounded rectangular, the sides subparallel, narrowed 
and incurved behind, the apical margins oblique ; surface cylindri- 
cal to the hinder third, thence strongly declivous and subretuse, 
punctui'ed in scarcely impressed rows, the sutural row not deeper, 
the punctures rather large but not conspicuous, owing to the trans- 
verse rngje extending between them on to the interstices, the 
latter scarcely convex, with close piliferous punctures or punctiform 
elevations, in single series, except on the 3rd and 5th interstices, 
where they are iiTegularly biseriate, the hairs fine and short, longer 
at the side-margins ; declivity somewhat flattened, impressed along 
the 2nd interstice, dull, rugosely punctured, not more strongly 
hairy, or tuberculate. Underside black ; tibise strongly serrate. 

Hah. Borneo, Sarawak (Wallace). 

The rugosity of the elytra is a characteristic feature^ 
and one which renders the details of the sculpture hard 
to examine. The head is slightly but still perceptibly 
prolonged in front, although the entire absence of any 
rostrum is supposed to be one of the distinguishing 
features of this and allied genera. 

Dryoccetus sumatranus, sp, n. 

Oblongus, badius, subuitidus, erecte fulvo-setosus ; prothorace 
longitudiue subbreviore, fere semielliptico, anterius tamen sub- 
constricto, dorso ante basin transverse gibbo, per totum aspero, 
granulis in parte postica subtilioribus ; elytris punctis magnis 
striatis, interstitiis transverse rugulosis alternatim uni- vel irregu- 
lariter biseriatim setosis, declivitate obliqua, subretusa, interstitiis 
convexioribus, 2'^ impresso. Long. 5"7 mm. 

Oblong, not very shining, testaceous-brown, pilose with rather 
strong erect fulvous hairs. Head large, the front oblong, subconvex, 
closely and rather strongly punctured, subrugose, with scanty long 
pubescence ; eyes oblong-oval, sinuate in front ; antennaj yellow- 
testaceous, normal, outer face of the club spongy apically, with 
nearly straight sutures. Prothorax rather broader than long, widest 
just before the base, the sides and apex conjointly rounded, save 
for a slight constriction about the anterior third, hind-angles sub- 
rectangular, the base truncate; surface gibbous and elevated into an 
obtuse transverse nodus at the hinder fourth, anteriorly convex, 
posteriorly declivous from the nodus to the base, thinly pilose, 
asperate with close imbricate rugae, finer posteriorly, and granular, 
especially towards the middle of the base. Scutellum triangular 

206 Mr. Walter T. H. Blandford's 

moderately shining. Elytra truncate at the base, rather wider than 
the prothorax and twice as long, with rectangular shoulders, the 
sides parallel, and not narrowed behind, broadly rounded at the 
apex; surface cylindrical to beyond the hinder third, and impressed 
along the suture, thence subabruptly declivous, with substriate rows 
of large round punctures, separated by transverse elevated rugfe 
continued across the interstices, the latter slightly convex, moder- 
ately shining, with erect hairs, uniseriate on the 2nd and succeeding 
alternate interstices, irregularly biseriate on the others ; declivity 
oblique, subretuse and flattened, the striae less strongly punctured, 
appearing deeper on account of the greater convexity of the 
interstices, the sntural interstice being more and the second less 
elevated, the hairs arising from elevated points. Underside and 
legs testaceous ; the tibia3 strongly dentate, the anterior pair 
subtruncate at apex, the other pairs rounded. 

Hah. Sumatra, Singalang Mts. (Beccari). 

My single specimen has an impression along tlie suture 
from near the base to the summit of the declivity, which 
is rather more rugose ; -but this is perhaps an individual 
feature. The sutural stria is not deeper than the rest, 

Dryocietes gravidus, sp. n. 

Oblongo-ol)ovatus, suljnitidus, fusco-brunneus, breviter pilosus ; 
prothorace fere semielliptico, dorso post medium gibbo, toto 
granulate, linea media basali laevi ; elytris sat subtiliter lineato- 
punctis, interstitiis planis sequaliter irregulariter punctatis, apice 
fortiter declivi, juxta sutnram subimpresso, interstitio S'* subcon- 
vexo. Long. 4'8 mm. 

Oblong, widened from the front of the thorax to the hinder 
third of the elytra, fuscous-brown, the antennte and legs brown- 
testaceous, with short fine fuscous pubescence. Front oblong, 
scarcely convex, shining, obsoletely punctate, thinly pilose with 
long hairs, above mouth with a fine sharp carina ; eyes broad, 
oblong-oval, anteriorly emarginate. Prothorax broader than long, 
the sides rounded and rather sharply narrowed from before the 
base to the apex, the latter more broadly rounded, hind-angles 
obtuse, base truncate ; surface gibbous just before the base, the 
elevation not markedly transverse, and, together with the apex, of 
darker colour, thinly pilose, the marginal hairs longer, and granulate, 
the granules weaker along the basal limb, which has an ill- defined 
median smooth line extending to the summit of the elevation. 

Descriptions of New Scolytldx. 207 

Scutellura rounded triangular, shining. Elytra wider than the 
prothorax, and nearly twice as long, truncate at base, the humeral 
angles rounded, the sides straight and divergent to the hinder 
third, then broadly incurved to the apex, the margins of the latter 
somewhat oblique and not conjointly rounded ; surface subnitid) 
cylindrico-couvex to behind the middle, thence declivous, darker 
posteriorly, lineato-punctate, the punctures moderately fine and 
not easily distinguishable from those of the almost flat interstices, 
which are punctured irregularly in alternate single and double 
rows ; apex less flattened than in the preceding species, strongly 
declivous, slightly impressed on each side of the suture, obsoletely 
punctured, the interstices feebly convex, with minute piliferous 
points. Underside concolorous, tibiae strongly serrate. 

Hah. Borneo, Sarawak (Wallace). 

JBoth my specimens have lost the antennal clubs ; those 
of one example disappeared in process of cleaning, but 
not before I had been able to observe that they were 
of Dryocoites-l'ik.e character. The shape of the prothorax 
is similar to tbat of D. sumatranus, but the species is 
rather more depressed, widened behind, with the hairs 
much finer and the punctures on the elytra fine and 
ill-marked, so that the surface appears at first sight to 
be tolerably closely and confusedly punctate. 

Xylehorus colossus, sp. n. 

Fem. Oblonga, cylindrica, nigro-picea, prothoracis antica parte 
et elytrorum basi dilutioribus ; prothorace transverso, lateribus et 
apice conjunctim rotundatis, angulis posticis postice productis, 
apice medio prominulo, dorso post medium transverso elevato, 
postice subopaco, subtiliter granulato ; elytris indistincte lineato- 
puuctatis, interstitiis multipunctatis, apice oblique excavato-retuso, 
retusione per totum elevato-marginata, superne prorsus producta, 
longitudinaliter convexa, striato-punctata, interstitio 2'^ seriato- 
tuberculato. Long. 8*5 mm., lat. 4'5 mm. 

Female. Oblong, cylindrical. Head piceous, front subconvex, 
irregularly and subobsoletely punctate, scantily pubescent, epistoma 
with a median patch of thick cilia ; eyes large, oblong, emarginate, 
coarsely granulate ; antennae ferruginous, the club large, of normal 
structure. Prothorax transverse, widest just before the base, the 
sides and apex conjointly rounded, the former but slightly behind 
the middle, margin of the latter prominent, everted and crenate in 
the middle, hind-angles produced backwards, the base bisinuate ; 

208 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

surface piceous-black behind, piceous-red in front, with long ful- 
vous pubescence round the margins, transversely elevated behind the 
middle, the anterior half convex, asperate with elevated transverse 
rugfe, smaller and closer posteriorly, their interspaces with minute 
granules, posterior part declivous from the elevation to the base, 
subopaquo, with fine granules, not close, and obsolete on the hind- 
margin, the median line fine, shining, raised and extending to the 
elevation. Scutellum small, subtriangular, piceous-black. Elytra 
scarcely as wide at base as the prothorax, and one-half longer, their 
basal margins slightly curved, the shoulders rounded, the sides 
straight and subdivergent, the apical margin subtruncate when 
seen from above ; surface cylindrical, obliquely retuse at apex, 
piceous, lighter towards the base, tolerably shining, remotely 
lineato-punctate, the interstices quite flat, finely multipunctate, their 
punctures bearing fine fulvous hairs, and subrugose towards the 
apex, all the punctuation feeble at the base, and becoming stronger 
posteriorly ; apical retuse surface beginning at the basal third, its 
margins meeting at an acute angle above, and circularly rounded 
below, prominent but not acute, their upper third subtuberculate ; 
fundus depressed below the margins, convex from before back- 
wards, subnitid, pubescent with decumbent yellowish hairs, striato- 
punctate with shallow large punctures, 2nd interstice elevated and 
callose, 5-tuberculate, the three superior tubercles strong, conical. 
Underside piceous; legs deep ferruginous, the -tibia; very broad, 
strongly rounded and finely serrate on the upper margin ; tarsal 
claws toothed at the base. 

Hah. New Guinea, Humboldt Bay (Doherty). 

This species, of which I have seen no second example, 
is by far the largest of the genus, and in bulk of all the 
Tomicidte yet known, though it is exceeded shghtly in 
length by one or two species of Amphicranus, and 
perhaps by exceptionally large individuals of some 
species of Tomicus. 

Xylehorus globus, sp. n. 

Fem. Curta, subovalis, convexa, subnitida, nigra, longe fusco- 
pilosa, pedibus testaceis ; prothorace transverso, lateribus postice 
subrectis, antice cum apice coujunctim rotundatis, margine 
apicali medio bituberculato, dorso postice subasperate punctulato 
et in margine medio dense hirto ; elytris semiovalibus a basi ipsa 
convexe declivibus, confuse punctatis, post medium perindistincte 
striatis. Long 5 mm. 

])escriptio)hS of New Seolytiche. 209 

Female. Short, convex, black, slightly shining, with long fus- 
cous pubescence. Front subconvex, with not very close piliferous 
granules, and a median smooth space, epistoma thickly fringed 
with yellow cilia ; eyes sma'l, emarginate ; antenna) ferruginous, 
with infuscate club. Prothorax transverse, subbisinuate at base, 
the hind-angles subobtuse, the sides feebly rounded to before the 
middle, thence broadly rounded with the apex, of which the 
margin is prominent and bituberculate in the middle ; surface verj' 
convex, with a small median transverse elevation, in front decli- 
vous, asperate, with small granules iu the interspaces, behind 
cj'liudric, subnitid, with fine and mostly subasperate punctures, 
the median line indistinct, pubescence long, dense round the 
margins, the middle of the basal border with a thick fringe of 
erect hairs. Scutcllum absent. Elytra about as wide as the pro- 
thorax and scarcely longer, truncate at base, the humeral angles 
obtuse, the sides elliptically rounded to the apex ; surface declivous 
and very convex from the base, behind the shoulders with an 
indistinct callus indicating the junction of the declivity with the 
horizontal portion, which persists at the sides only, irregularly and 
finely punctate, the punctures subasperate and bearing long hairs, 
the sutural stria and part of the lateral stria3 just traceable, par- 
ticularly towards the apex, which has a raised inferior margin. 
Legs testaceous, tibise broad and finely serrate. 

Ilah. New Guinea,, Doi'ey (Wallace). 

In tliis species the encroachment of the declivous rctuse 
surface so often found in Xi/lehortts on to the horizontal 
portion of the elytra is carried to its very furthest limits, 
the latter being practically nonexistent. Described from 
one example; there is another in the British Museum 

Xylehorus •papucuiiis, sp. n. 

Feji. Oblonga, cylindrica, nigro-picea, antennis pedibusque fer- 
rngineis, subnitida, brevissime sparsim pilosa ; prothorace subglob- 
oso, disco medio transverse elevato, postice sat conferte punctato ; 
elytris dense irregulariter punctatis, apice retuse declivi, impresso, 
imraarginato, subtiliter lineato-punctato. Long. 3 mm. 

Female. Oblong, cylindrical, rather dull, pitchy-black, Avith 
scanty and extremely short greyish pubescence, antenure and legs 
ferruginous. Front subconvex, strongly punctate, v/ith an indis- 
tinct subelevated median line ; eyes moderately large, deeply 
emarginate. Prothorax broader than long, nearly globose, the 

TRAKS. ENT, SCO. LOND. 189(3. PART U. (jUNE.) 14 

210 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

sides very slightly rounded behind, strongly rounded in front con- 
jointly with the apex, hind-angles rectangular, scarcely rounded, 
base truncate ; surface with a median transverse elevation, convex 
and declivous anterioi'Iy with rather fine granular asperation, 
posteriorly cylindric, rather strongly punctured, the punctures 
deeper and subasperate at the sides, finer towards the middle, the 
median line obsolete, the interspaces not very shining. Scutellum 
rounded, black, subopaque. Elytra scarcely as wide as the pro- 
thorax and one-half longer, truncate at base, the shoulders rounded 
subrectangular, the sides subparallel, very slightly convergent 
behind and strongly incurved at apex, the hind margin obtusely 
rounded ; surface cylindric, subnitid, closely and strongly punc- 
tured, the punctures of the strife and interstices indistinguishable 
before the middle, apical third strougly but gradually declivous 
and subretuse, not margined, subcircularly and weakly impressed, 
subopaque, finely lineato-punctate, the interstices with rows of 
very fine short hairs springing from minute subasperate points, 
and distinguishable before the summit of the declivity. Under- 
side piceous, very shortly pubescent. 

Hah. New Guinea (Wallace). 

One example; easily distinguished by its confusedly 
punctate elytra/ subretuse at the apex, and unarmed. 

Xt/lehorus semirudis, sp. n. 

Fem. Oblonga, subcylindrica, ferruginea, parce tenuiter 
pilosa ; prothorace transverso, apice rotuudatp, disco medio 
transverse elevato, posterius sat nitido, sublfevi ; elytris punctato- 
striatis ante medium nitidis, post medium opacis, convexe decliv- 
ibus, interstitiis uniseriato-granulatis, declivitate infra marginata. 
Long. 3 mm. 

Female. Oblong, subcylindrical, bright ferruginous, finely and 
very scantily pubescent. Frontal surface slightly flattened, some- 
what irregular, scantily punctured at the sides, smooth and 
elevated in the middle ; eyes small, deeply emarginate. Prothorax 
broader than long, the sides scarcely rounded behind the middle, 
gradually more strongly rounded and incurved in front, the apex 
broadly rounded, hind-angles rectangular, the base transverse ; 
surface with a transverse median elevation, in front convex, and 
asperate with imbricate rugt^, which become Aveak and very close on 
the elevation, behind cylindric and subdeclivous to the base 
moderately shining, with minute close reticulation and scattered' 

Descriptions of New Scolytidx. 211 

punctures. Scutellum obtuse triangular, shining. Elytra as wide 
as the prothorax and less than a half longer, truncate at base, the 
shoulders nearly rectangular, the sides subparallel to near the apex, 
then strongly incurved ; surface pulvinate and convex from the 
base, obliquely declivous and somewhat less convex behind the 
middle, the basal half not deeply punctate-striate, the punctures 
shallow and rather large, the sutural stria not impressed, interstices 
flat, shining, subimpunctate, the sutural interstice with a few small 
granules ; apical half opaque, less distinctly striate, the interstices 
with a single series of rather remote small elevated points ; declivity 
acutely carinate below, the carina not crenate. Underside and 
legs testaceous. 

Hah. Borneo (Wallace). 

Allied to X, semlopacus, Eichh., but differentiated 
from it and the following species by the distinct stria3 
and subimpunctate interstices of the basal balf of the 
elytra, 'i'lie prothorax is rather obtuse at the apex, and 
thus approximates somewhat in shape to that of X. validus, 
Eichh. One example. 

Xtjlehorus semujranosus, sp. n. 

Fem. Oblonga, subuitida, rufoferruginea, prothoracc ajque 
longo quam lato, lateribus leniter, apice fortius rotundato, disco 
obtuse transverse gibbo, post medium subtiliter punctato ; elytris 
prothorace vix tertia parte longioribus, ante medium subtiliter 
quasi confuse punctatis, post medium convexe declivibus, opacis, 
granulatis et erecte seriato-pilosis. Long. 2*4 mm. 

Female. Oblong, slightly shining, ferrugiuous-red, rather 
darker posteriorly. Front subconvex, subnitid, rather strongly 
punctured, thinly hairy, the mouth fringed with pale hairs ; eyes 
oval, emargiuate, tolerably large ; antenna3 pale testaceous. Pro- 
thorax as long as broad, strongly rounded at the apex, the sides 
very slightly curved and subparallel from the middle to the base, 
hind-angles obtuse but not rounded, the base truncate ; surface 
with a very slight median transverse elevation, scantily but 
uniformly pubescent with fine hairs, in front convexly declivous, 
with granular asperities, somewhat irregular and scattered towards 
the apical margin, behind the middle cyliudrico-convex, subnitid, 
finely but evidently punctured, the punctures stronger over the 
middle portion, median smooth line absent. Scutellum triangular, 

212 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

iufuscate, sliining. Elytra as wide as tlie protborax and about a 
tbird longer, witb truncate base, and rounded rectangular sboulders, 
the sides parallel, abruptly inflexed at apex, the apical margins 
sharply bordered below and forming an obtuse angle with each 
other when seen from above ; surface pulvinate-convex from base 
to apex, before the middle subnitid, very finely and apparently 
confusedly punctate, the seriate and interstitial punctures being 
similar ; declivity beginning before the middle, somewhat depressed, 
opaque, without evident striation, very closely and finely granulate, 
and set with single series of rather long upstanding hairs. Under- 
side rather darker ; legs brown-testaceous, the tibiaj rounded above 
and finely seri'ate. 

Hah. Sumatra, from tobacco (Grouvelle). 

A near ally of X. semiojDants, Eiclih., which it closely 
resembles in colour and sculpture. Jt is a rather smaller 
insect, and is best distinguished by the much shorter 
elytra, which are barely one-third longer than the pro- 
thorax, and present, when viewed from the side, a 
uniform dorsal curvature from base to tip ; in X. semi- 
opacus the elytra are rather more than a half longer than 
the prothorax, and are nearly cylindrical to behind the 
middle, and not uniformly curved from base to apex. In 
X. semigranosus the prothorax is longer in proportion to 
its width, and is less ample before the middle ; the 
elytral punctuation is finer and the traces of the strias 
are even more indistinct than in its congener. My 
type has a short impressed line on the base of the pro- 
thorax anterior to the scutellum, but this may be an indi- 
vidual characteristic. 

Xijlchoni.s fratcrnits, sp. n. 

Fem. Oblonga, picea, pedibus antennisque pallide testaceis, 
parce pilosa ; prothoracc late scmi-elliptico, lateribus postice 
leniter rotundatis, dorso gibbo, posterius sublaivi ; elytris striato- 
punctatis, interstitiis uniseriatim setosis, in declivitato obliqua, 
infra acute marginata, scriato-tuberculatis. Long. 2'7 mm. 

FKiiALK. Oblong, piccous (perhaps black when mature), mode- 
rately shining, scantily hairy, the antennas and legs pale testaceous- 
yellow. Head subconvex in front, rather sparsely and strongly 
punctured, with a supraoral shining median elevated space, hairs 

Descriptions of New Scolijtidx. 213 

scanty ; eyes oval, emarginate, Prothor.-ix a little broader thau 
long, widest at the base, the sides rounded in a gradually- 
increasing curve from the base to the apex, the apical margin 
broadly rounded and erenate, hind-angles slightly obtuse, the base 
subtruncate ; surface convex, with an obtuse post-median transverse 
gibbosity, strongly declivous in front, and asperate with imbricate 
rugiB, behind subnitid, obsoletely punctured, obliquely impressed 
within the hind-anglcs. Elytra as wide as the prothorax and 
scarcely a half longer, with subrectangular shoulders, parallel- 
sided to the middle, slightly narrowed behind, broadly rounded and 
sharply margined at apex ; surface convex from base to apex, 
punctured in subimpressed rows, interstices transversely rugulose, 
with seriate hairs from the base to the apex, arising from small 
points, elevated and tuberculiform on the posterior declivous 

Jlab. Ceylon (G. Lewis). 

Intimately allied to X. fornicafns, from wliicli at first 
I was unable to sepai'ate it. Having* now seen both tlie 
type and a long series of the latter species, I am able 
to distinguish betvpeen them. The present species is 
rather larg-er and broader than its ally, with the elytra 
relatively rather shorter; the prothorax is widest at the 
base, and the sides quite regularly rounded to the apex, 
while in X. fornicatns the thorax is as wide at the 
anterior third as at the base, and the sides are more 
parallel. X. xantJiojnis, another allied species, has the 
elytra relatively longer than those of X. fornicaius, and 
the prothorax more nearly orbicular. 

XyJehorus furnicatus. 

X. fornicatus, $, Eichh., Berl. ent. Zeitschr., 1868, 
p. 151; Eat. Tom., p. 327. 

Mas. Minutus, oblongus, testaceus vel piceo-fuscus, longius 
parce pilosus ; prothorace transverse quadrato, antice rarius 
granulate ; elytiis ab antica tertia parte obliquissime declivibn?, 
striato-punctatis, interstitiis seriato-setosis. Long, l-i mm. 

Male. Very small, oblong, rather shining, varying from pallid 
testaceous to pitchy-fuscous, with long sparse erect setce. Front 
somewhat flattened, Avith an indistinct longitudinal elevation, 
shining, obsoletely punctate, scantily hairy ; eyes small, narrow 

214 Mr. Walter ¥. H. Blandford's 

Prothorax much broader than long, subrectangular, the sides sub- 
parallel, the apex very obtusely rounded, hind-angles subrectan- 
gular, the base transverse ; surface strongly convex from base to 
apex, somewhat flattened in front from side to side, the apical half 
with very scattered granules, weaker behind, the basal half finely 
reticulate, feebly punctured at the sides only. Elytra as wide as and 
nearly a half longer than the prothorax, with gently curved sides, 
narrowed behind and broadly rounded at the apex ; surface pul- 
vinate, obliquely declivous and somewhat flattened from the 
anterior third, at the base lineato-punctate, with scattered pili- 
ferous punctures on the inters-tices ; declivity weakly striate, the 
interstices subconvex, with elevated piliferous points. Antennas 
and legs light testaceous. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

I have received a fair series of this species, parlly 
from the Indian Museum, Calcutta, partly from Mr. E. 
Ernest Green, and have been able to compare the female 
with Eichhoff's type. The insect has lately made itself 
conspicuous in Ceylon as a destroyer of the tea-plant. 
Some twigs accompanying the specimens are about a 
quarter of an inch in diameter, and show several rami- 
fying burrows, similar to those made by X. dlt<]jar, 
without any very special features. The diameter of the 
holes, an important point in diagnosis of these injuries, 
is about \l-\'2 mm. 

Xylehorun in'uii^osus^ sp. n. 

Fi:m. Oblonga, cylindrica, subopaca, ferrugineo-picca, capite 
et prothoracis apice ferrugineis, opaca, pube brevi appressa sat 
dense pruinosa ; capite magno, fronte convexa, rudi, punctata, 
linea media carinata; prothorace suboblongo, lateribus vix, apice 
fortiter rotundato, dorso haud evidenter umbonato, postice sub- 
tilissime punctulato ; elytris quasi confuse punctatis et grauulis 
minutis elevatis posterius magis distinctis aspersis, apice convexe 
declivi. Long. 4 mm. 

Female. Oblong, cylindrical, rather dull, entirely covered with 
very short fine appressed hairs. Head large, obscure ferruginous, 
dull, convex in front, rugulosely punctured, with a fine sharp 
median carina not reaching the mouth, epistoma thickly fringed ; 
eyes small, deeply emarginate ; antennae fusco-ferruginous. Pro- 
thorax a little longer than broad, broadly rounded and subbisinuate 

Dcscrijjtioiifi of New ScolytiJiv. 215 

in front, the apical margin crenate and everted but not projecting, 
the sides scarcely rounded behind the middle, hind-angles sub- 
obtuse but not rounded, the base transverse ; surface cylindrical 
behind the middle, declivous and convex in front but with no 
evident gibbosity at the junction, reddish-pitchy, lighter anteriorly, 
uniformly pubescent, with a few erect hairs round the margins, 
the anterior half asperate with small scattered transverse rugse, 
intermixed with granules, the posterior half very finely and rather 
closely punctured, with no evident median line. Scutellum rounded, 
subconvex, shining, black. Elytra scarcely as wide as the pro- 
thorax and less than a half longer, truncate at base, the shoulders 
rounded, the sides subparallel, rounded and inflexed behind the 
middle, the apical margius oblique and not conjointly rounded ; 
surface convex from base to apex, rather strongly declivous behind 
the middle, piceous, with short appressed cinereous hairs, closely 
punctured and except over the basal third covered with scattered 
granules (with microscopic examination only, the punctures of the 
true stria3 can just be differentiated from those of the interstices) ; 
declivity not acutely margined below, convex, very faintly striate. 
Underside piceo-ferruginous, pubescent ; legs brown-testaceous, all 
the tibife rounded and fiuely serrate above. 

Hah. BorueOj Sarawak (Wallace). 

Evidently related to K. pelliculosus, Eichli., and like 
that insect, with the prothorax of the type of his 
Division J II. X. pruiiiosus is a much larger and 
stouter insect, differently proportioned, with the elytra 
pulvinate, more strongly punctate as well as granulate, 
and not impressed at apex. 

Xylehorus puheridus, sp. n. 

Feji. Oblonga, cylindrica, fusco-picea, subopaca, pube brevi 
vestita ; fronte hand carinata ; prothorace manifeste oblongo, 
apice rotundato, lateribus postice rectis, dorso antice dilutiore, 
postice subtiliter puuctulato ; elytris prothorace vix longioribus, 
indistinctissime striatis, interstitiis mox pone basin granulis 
elevatis sine ordine instructis, apice fortiter declivi, hand impresso. 
Long. 2'3 mm. 

Female. Oblong, cylindrical, dull, clothed with short rather 
dense pubescence, relatively louger than in A', jjivf/uo-sfts. Head 
pitchy, front subconvex, dull, shortly hairy, not evidently punctate, 
not carinate ; eyes moderate, deeply emarginate ; antennae testa- 

216 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

ceous. Prothorax manifestly obloug, strongly rounded behind, 
parallel-sided from before the middle to the base, the latter trun- 
cate, the hind- angles rounded, anterior opening bisinuate ; surface 
with a very indistinct ante-median transverse elevation, in front 
convex, declivous, fusco-ferruginous, finely granulate-asperate. 
behind cylindric, subopaque, alutaceous, feebly and scantily punc- 
tured. Scutellum large, rounded oblong, black, subrugulose. 
Elytra as wide as but scarcely longer than the prothorax, parallel- 
sided, the apical margins oblique, and scarcely conjointly rounded ; 
surface cylindric, strongly declivous for the hinder fourth, fusco- 
piceous, the base and apex obscure reddish, pilose and very faintly 
striate, the punctures of the strise visible at the base in the sub- 
stance, the interstices at the base subnitid, rugulose and multi- 
punctate, thence covered with elevated granules and quite opaque ; 
declivity subconvcx, not impressed, dull, not sharply margined 
beneath. Underside concolorous, pubescent, legs brown-testaceous. 

Hah. Borneo^ Sarawak (Wallace). 

A very mucli smaller insect than X. iirninosiis, with 
the elytra only about as long as the more elongate 
prothorax, and much rougher with elevated granules. 

Xylehorus scahrlpennis, sp. n. 

Fem. Oblonga, cylindrica, subopaca, nigra, capite, prothoracis 
apice, elytrorum declivitate obscure rufescentibus, pedibus fusco- 
testaceis, breviter pilosa ; prothorace latitudine longiore, apice 
rotundato, disco baud umbonato, antice convexo, posticecylindrico, 
ad basin obscure nitido, sublajvi ; elytris brevibus, subsulcatis, 
interstitiis ad basin subnitidis, ad medium grosse granulato-tuber- 
culatis, declivitate obliqua, retusa, dense subtiliter seriato-granulata 
et breviter pilosa. Long. 23 mm. 

Female. Oblong, rather short, cylindrical. Head large, deep 
fuscous, the front black, convex, with short hairs arising from small 
asperate granules, and with a fine median carina, mouth fringed ; 
eyes not large, oblong, deeply emarginate ; antennae brown- 
testaceous, the funiculus short, the club orbicular, normal. Pro- 
thorax a little longer thau broad, the sides and apex rounded, the 
former very shghtly behind the anterior third, the hind-angles 
rounded, the base truncate ; surface declivous before the middle, 
cylindrical behind, with no evident median nodus, black, the apex 
rufcscent, very finely and shortly pilose, in front with small 
granular asperities, fine and rugulose over the median third, the 

Descriptions of New Scolytidse. 217 

basal portion obscurely shining, closely reticulate, obsoletely 
punctate. Scutellum large, rounded triangular, black, rugose. 
Elytra about as wide as the prothorax, and only one-fifth longer, 
truncate at base, with subrectaugular shoulders, the sides parallel, 
abruptly iuflexed behind, the apical margins obtuse and scarcely 
conjointly rounded when seen from above ; surface cylindrical for 
a little more than the anterior half, then strongly but obliquely 
declivous and subretuse, black, the declivity obscurely reddish, 
above subsulcate, the sulci obliterated at the base, evident towards 
the declivity, interstices subuitid at the base, finely multi punctate, 
then uniseriate-tuberculate and shortly pilose, the tubercles close, 
the four or five preceding the declivity being strong, erect, and 
spinous ; the latter slightly convex, dull, closely but more finely 
seriato-granulate, the rows of granules separated by sulci, and 
pilose with short hairs, not sharply margined below. Underside 
piceous, thinly hairy, the abdomen with strong rugose punctuation; 
legs brown-testaceous, the tibia) slender, curved, and finely serrate 

Hah. Borneo, Sarawak (Wallace) ; Sumatra, from 
tobacco (Grouvelle). 

The shape of the prothorax differs a little in my two 
examples, being more uniformly curved from base to apex 
in that from Borneo, whereas the Sumatra specimen has 
a slight apical constrictiou. The species, though quite 
peculiar in sculpture for a Xylehorus, and somewhat sug- 
gesting a Hijlocurus, is normal in generic characters, and 
is related to X.. iniheridus, of which the elytral sculpture 
is destitute of the coarse tubercles marginiug the decli- 
vity in the present species. 

Xylehorus arcticollis, sp. n. 

Mas. Elongatus, subnitidus, tenuiter erecte pilosus, fusco- 
ferrugineus ; prothoi'ace valde elongato, post medium constricto, 
apice utrinque rotundato, medio leniter emarginato, dorso depresso 
ad apicem convexe declivi, antice granulato-asperato, postice sub- 
tiliter punctato ; elytris prothorace subbrevioribus, subtiliter 
confuse punctatis et pilosis, apice convexe declivi obsolete striato. 
Long. 4"8 mm. 

Male. Elongate, slightly shining, fusco-ferruginous, thinly 
covered with fine erect hairs. Front convex and subpulvinate 
over the mouth, closely rugose, carinate along the middle, thinly 
hairy, impressed on the middle of the fringed epistoma, above with 

218 Mr. Walter F. H. BlaudforcVs 

an arcuate impression below the vertex, rather closely punctured, 
and with the carina replaced by a non-elevated smooth line ; 
vertex opaque, impunctate ; eyes small, ' emarginate ; mandibles 
very prominent ; antennae brown-testaceous, normal. Prothorax 
fully one-half longer than wide, constricted behind the middle, 
thence ampliated, and widest behind the apex, the anterior angles 
broadly rounded with the outer parts of the apical mai'gin, which is 
almost bilobed, being separately rounded on either side with a very 
shallow median indentation, hiud-angles broadly rounded, the base 
truncate in the middle ; surface moderately convex from side to 
side, depressed longitudinally and (in side view) appearing flat 
from just before the base to the anterior fourth, where it becomes 
declivous and convex, apical margin tubercnlate, the anterior half 
asperate with rather coarse granules, and pilose with fine erect 
hairs, posterior half moderately shining, more thinly hairy, weakly 
punctured, the punctures closer in front than at the base, which is 
somewhat calloseh^ thickened. Scutellnm minute. Elytra as wide 
as the prothorax, but scarcely so long, subparallel sided, not 
narrowed behind, and broadly rounded at the apex ; cylindrico- 
convex to the middle, thence convexly declivous, coriaceous, finely 
and confusedly punctured and moderately densely clothed with 
fine hairs ; declivity rugulose, obsoletely striate, not margined 
below. Coxae and underside, except the abdomen, darker, thinly 
hairy ; the latter short. Legs ferruginous, the knees and tibiai 
darker ; femora very stout, inflated ; tibia; rounded externally, the 
anterior pair narrow, weakly armed, the remaining pairs dilated in 
the middle, and more strongly serrate above ; tarsi very long, the 
first three joints somewhat stout and compressed. 

Hab. Sumatra, from tobacco (Grouvelle). 

This form is one of the most singular among the many 
remarkable male forms of the genus. The great length 
of the prothorax, and its peculiar shape, are quite 
characteristic ; its apical indentation is only such as 
results from the conjunction of the two curves formed by 
the independently rounded sides of the anterior margin, 
and there is no dorsal sulcus leading to it. In spite of 
its great length, the prothorax is not, as in many males, 
produced into a peak in front of the head. 

Xylehorus spatulatus, sp. n. 
Fem. Oblonga, sat lata, hand cylindrica, castanea, pro- 
thorace et el^'tris ad apicem obscurioribus, subnitida, pilis 
brevissimis pruinosa ; prothoracc trausverso semiovali. dorso 

Descriptiuns of New SScolijtidai. 219 

post medium umboiiato, posLice dense fortiter punctato ; elytris 
a basi pulviuatis, postice gradatiin valde oblique declivibus, 
liiieato-punctatis, interstitiis niultipunctatis, declivitate utrinque 
late impressa, ]uxta suturam elevata, ad apicem subexplanata, 
subtus marginata. Long. 5"-i mm. 

Female. Oblong, broad and somewhat depressed, not 
cylindrical, moderately shining, castaneous-brown, the prothorax 
before the discal elevation, the sides and apex of the elytra darker. 
Front somewhat flattened, subimpressed on either side over the 
mouth, rather strongly punctured, pilose ; eyes not large, reniform ; 
antennae testaceous, normal. Prothorax broader than long, semi-oval, 
widest behind, the sides and apex conjointly rounded, hind-augles ob- 
tusely rounded, the base slightly curved; surface transversely gibbous 
behind the middle, strongly convex from side to side, pubescent with 
extremely short appressed hairs, anteriorly rough with an admixture 
of granules and rather remote larger transverse rugiB, posteriorly 
closely and strongly punctate with a smooth median line. Scutellum 
rather large, rounded trigonate, shining. Elytra wider at the base ' 
than the prothorax, and nearly double as long, the sides gently 
curved throughout, widest behiud the base, subangulately inflexed 
at apex, the hind-margins obliquely rounded ; surface rather 
depressed from side to side, convex and pulvinate from the base to 
the middle, thence obliquely declivous, rather indistinctly lineato- 
puuctate, the interstices multipuuctate, the punctures bearing 
small appressed hairs and a few short erect bristles in irregular 
rows ; declivity broadly impressed and subexplauate at apex, with 
the suture elevated, the sides of the impression oblique and 
somewhat tumid above, and the inferior margin acute, more 
clearly striate. Underside testaceous, shining and thinly 
pubescent, sides of the elytra deeply inflexed towards the apex. 
Legs brown-testaceous, the tibiee strongly dentate. 

Hah. Borneo, Sarawak (Wallace). 

The very short and nearly hemispherical prothorax, the 
broad and somewhat depressed elytra, and the complete 
absence of armature give the insect an appearance unlike 
that of any described species of the genus. I have, 
however, dissected the mouth parts of one of my two 
examples, and cannot find in them or in other details of 
structure, sufficient grounds for its. removal. The malar 
armature is fine and setiform. 

220 J\[r. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

Xylehorus wallacei, sp. n. 

Fem. Elongata, cyliudrica, picea vel badia, sat nitida, erecte 
setosa ; prothorace subquadrato, dorsopost medium gibboso. postice 
subasperate punctato ; elytris striato-puuctatis, interstitiis planis 
per totum alternatim tuberculis piliferis et punctis uniseriatim 
instructis, declivitate perobliqua, baud rotusa, infra marginata. 
Long, y'5 mm. 

Female. Elongate, cylindrical, brigbt brown or piceous, rather 
shining, with erect scattered long brown hairs. Head impressed 
above the mouth on either side, with deep sparse piliferous 
punctures and a median elevated line, mouth fringed ; eyes largo, 
broad oval, emargiuate, encroaching on the front, antennae 
testaceous. Prothorax subquadrate, not longer than broad, the sides 
and apex separately and feebly rounded, the former slightly con- 
tracted before the middle, the anterior angles broadly rounded, the 
hind-angles subrectangular, the base subtrausverse ; dorsal gibbosity 
post-median, rounded and not sharply defined, surface with 
scanty pubescence at the sides, anteriorly convex, declivous and 
asperate with small rugae, fine and close on the gibbosity, posteriorly 
subopaque, with fine subasperate punctures, the median line 
narrow. Scntellum small, rounded, convex, shining. Elytra as 
wide as the prothorax and twice as long, truncate at base, the 
shoulders obtuse, the sides parallel, somewhat narrowed towards 
the rounded apex ; surface slightly rounded from the base to just 
behind the middle, thence very obliquely declivous, striate-punctate, 
the punctures rather large, shallow, the striae scarcely impressed, 
the interstices shining, flat, with a single uniform series from base 
to apex of small setiferous tubercles alternatitig with punctures, 
the setae long and erect ; declivity cariuate below, very slightly im- 
pressed on each side, chiefly over the 2nd interstice, and not 
evidently retuse or flattened. Underside concolorous, the legs 
somewhat lighter, the anterior tibite subangulate before the apex, 
the others rounded above, and moderately strongly serrate. 

Hah. New Guiueaj Dorey (Wallace). 

The species is reaiarkably like the Colombian X. 
grandis', Eichh. ; but it has the eyes larger, convex, more 
strongly granulated and more approximated in front, the 
prothoracic elevation post-median, the elytra more 
obliquely declivous, the interstitial seta3 springing from 
tubercles throughout, and the first interstice not nar- 
rowed at the apex. 

Descrii^tions of New Scoh/tida\ 221 

Xylchorus destruens, sp. n. 

Eloiigatu?, ferrngineiis vel piceus, uitidus, parce setosns, pro- 
thoracc quadrate, elytris striato-puuctatis, interstitiis uniseviatim 
subtuberculatis et punctatis, declivitate subretusa. 

Fem. Quam X. ii-allacci minor, subangustior, prothorace dis- 
tinctius gibboso, ad basin nitidiore, eljtrorura interstitiis rarius 
tuberculatis et setosis, declivitate distincte impressa et pcstice 
subexplauata. Long 4"8-5 mm. 

Mas. Brevior, robustior ; prothoracis lateribus et angulis 
anticis distinctius rotundatis, dorso ante umbonem subdepresso et 
obsoletius asperate ; elytris profundius striatis, striis juxta 
suturam irregularibus rugosis, apice magis retuso. 

Long 3'9-4"3 mm. 

Elongate, varying in colour from ferruginous-red to piceous, 
shining, scantily hairy, the hairs erect. 

Fi:i\rAi.E. Yery similar to that of A', valhicei, smaller and 
narrower. Front less impressed over the sides of the mouth, the 
median carina less distinct ; eyes smaller, not encroaching so far 
on the front. Prothorax just perceptibly longer than broad, the 
sides less narrowed in front, the apex somewhat flatter, the 
anterior and posterior angles rounded ; discal elevation not post- 
median, rather more defined and smoother, the basal half subnitid, 
with finer scarcely asperate punctures, weak towards the middle. 
Elytra narrower, the punctures of the striae a little larger and 
more remote, the interstitial tubeicles and punctures much more 
remote on the disc, the former feeble on the outer interstices ; 
declivity impres'sed and very slightly concave towards the tip, 
very shining. 

Male. Shorter but stouter than the female and more convex. 
Median elevation of front stronger ; eyes very small, with only 
4 or 5 ommatidia at their greatest width. Prothorax much more 
ample, broader than long, the sides' more strongly rounded and 
gradually incurved in front to the apex, Avhich is transverse in the 
middle ; discal elevation situate farther back, less defined, surface 
depi'essed in front from the elevation to the apex but still convex, 
with finer asperation and an irregular smooth median line, 
posteriorly longitudinally convex, impressed on either side between 
the elevation and the hind-angles, more shining. Elytra shorter, 
but variable in length, narrower than the prothorax, more convex, 
more strongly punctate-striate, the interstices subconvex ; surface 

222 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

"with an irregular shallow sutural impression beginning behind the 
base, rugulose, infuscate and more strongly tuberculate ; declivity 
more retuse, beginning subaVjruptly above, shining, irregular, more 
obsoletely sculptured. 

Hah. Gilolo (Wallace) ; Java. 

I have received a good series from Java, where this 
species, in association with Glenea novemguttata, Cast., 
and a species of Helopeltis has inflicted very grave 
damage to cacao-plantations. 

Xylehorus andamanensis. sp. n. 

Fem. Oblonga, subuitida, nigro-picea, pai'ce pilosa ; prothoracc 
subquadrato, lateribus et apice leniter singulatim rotundatis, dorso 
gibboso, postice subl-^vi ; elytris dilutioribus, lineato-punctatis, 
intcrstitiis planis, seriato-setosis, declivitate perobliqua, subopaca, 
subtus acute marginata, striata, striis ad apicem sinuatis, inter- 
stitiis granulis elevatis parvis jequaliter notatis. Long 3 mm. 

Female. Oblong, moderately shining, scantily hairy, deep 
piceous, the head and elytra somewhat lighter. Front convex, 
strongly punctured, impressed on either side over the mouth, the 
impressions separated by a median raised line ; eyes oblong, 
deeply emarginate ; antenna) brown-testaceous. Prothorax as 
broad as long, subquadrate but with the sides and apex evidently, 
though slightly, and the anterior angles more strongly rounded, 
hind-angles obtuse, the base subtruncate ; surface transversely 
gibbous in the middle, anteriorly rather finely granulate-asperate, 
posteriorly moderately shining, finely reticulate, and obsoletely 
punctured. Scutellum triangular, subnitid, longitudinally im- 
pressed. Elytra scarcely as wide as the prothorax and less than a 
half longer, subparallel-sided, strongly rounded at the apex, its 
margin acute and subexplanate ; surface cyliudrico-convex to the 
middle, thence obliquely declivous, lineato-puuctate, with very 
shallow variolose punctures, interstices flat, rugulose, with uni- 
seriate erect hairs arising from small points, which become elevated 
before the middle, declivity convex, subopaque, with feeble striae 
towards the apex, the 1st somewhat impressed, the others sinuate 
outwards, interstices with uniform rows of small granules, obsolete 
towards the tip of the 1st interstice. 
. n» 

Hah.. Aaidgiiraan Is. 

Descrvplions of New Scolytldx. 223 

About the shape of A', interject as, Blandf., but smaller, 
with the prothorax less narrowed towards the apes, 
though as evidently rounded in front; the elytral 
sculpture is characteristic and resembles somewhat that 
of X. seminitens, Blandf., which species has not a sub- 
quadrate prothorax. 

Xylehorus submarginatus, sp. n. 

Fem. Elongata, nitida, ferruginea, elytris versus apicera phis 
minusve infuscatis ; prothorace oblongo, lateribus postice sub- 
parallelis, apice obtuse rotundrfto, iude.'subquadrato, dorso medio 
nodoso, postice nitido, obsolete punctato ; elytris striato-punctatis, 
interstifciis rarius subtilius uniseriatina. punctatis et setosis, decliv- 
itate obliqua, convexa, opaciore, iuterstitio 1"^ dilatato, utrinquc 
medio tuberculato, et granulis nomiullis aute tuberculum et ad 
apicem ornato, iuterstitio 3"^ obsoletius granulato, margiue inferiore 
sat acuto crenato. Long. '2'4-2'5 mm. 

Resembling X. ^;«?t!(Z«s, Eichh., larger, darker iu colour, 
the prothorax more parallel-sided and obtusely rouuded at 
the apex, hence subquadrate. Elytra with the rows of punctures 
more distinctly expressed, rather deeper, the punctures themselves 
closer, the interstitial punctures finer, the setfe longer, declivity less 
shining, the 1st interstice with a stronger tooth, preceded by a few 
fine granules at the summit of the declivity and oue at the apex, 
the 2nd interstice with two or three granules at the summit, the 
3rd with a series on the declivity, its inferior margin distinctly 
acute and crenate. 

Hah. India, Belgaum (Andrewes) ; Ceylon (Thwaites, 
in Mus. Oxon.) ; Celebes (Wallace) ; New Guinea, Dorey 

This species was referred to by me (Ann. Nat, 
Hist. ser. 6, xv., p. 332) as a variety of X. parvidus. 
Having since seen the type of that species and series 
of both forms from Ceylon, I feel constrained to separate 
it by the characters given above. It comes close to 
X. dilatatns, Eichh., in many respects, but differs from 
the description at least in possessing a prothorax which 
is longer rather than shorter than that of X. j^nrvulus, 

224 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

in the stronger dentation of tlie elytral apex, and in its 
decidedly acute and crenate inferior margin ; a point in 
which, as in the shape of the prothorax, it approaches 
the species of Eichhoft"s second division. 

Xylchorus suhcrihrosus, sp. n. 

Fem. Subelongata, cylindrica, nitida, castaiiea, parce longius 
pilosa ; prothorace haud transverse, apice rotuudato, disco sub- 
aequaliter convexo, post medium fortiter punctate, linea media 
Ifevi ; elytris fortiter lineato-punctatis, interstitiis planis punctis 
piliferis remotis notatis, apice fortiter declivi, impresso et longi- 
tiidinaliter concave, penntido,lineato-punctato,iuterstitiis prteecipue 
in parte superiore subtiUter seriato-tuberculatis. Long. 3'4 mm. 

Female. Subelongate, cyliudrical, shining, deep castaneous, 
with long fine scanty pubescence. Frout subconvex, shining and 
rugosely punctured towards the mouth, dull towards the vertex, 
median line narrow, elevated, shining, pubescence long, erect ; 
eyes broad oval, narrowly emarginate. Prothorax about as long, 
or a trifle longer, than broad, broadly rounded at the apex, the 
sides very slightly rounded, the greatest width being at the hinder 
third, hind-angles obtuse, the base truncate ; disc uniformly convex 
from base to apex and not gibbous, asperate with close imbricate 
rugae before the middle, behind strongly and closely punctured, 
the punctures subasperate at the sides, finer towards the middle, 
median line impunctate, reaching the middle, interspaces shining, 
pubescence scanty, marginal. Scutellum rounded, convex, shining. 
Elytra as wide as the prothorax and fully a half longer, truncate at 
the base, Avith rectangular shoulders, subparallel-sided and not 
narrowed behind, rather abruptly and obtusely rounded at apex ; 
surface cylindric, the apical third strongly declivous, with non- 
impressed rows of strong punctures, the sutural row irregular, 
interstices flat, subrugulose, shining, with uniseriate remote 
piliferous punctures, replaced before the declivity by elevated 
points, declivity strong but not abrupt, broader than long, retuse 
and concave from base to apex, which is subexplanate, margined 
subacutely below, very shining, with three rows of shallow pxrnc- 
tures, the interstices rather wide, the 1st with one small 
tubercle near the summit, and traces of others near the tip, 
the 2nd and .^rd with two or three irregularly- placed small 
tubercles. Below concolorous, thinly pilose. 

Hah. )Singapore (Wallace). 

Descriptions of New Scolytidse. 225 

The single example has the limbs broken ; it is a 
rather distinct form, with the elytral characters of the 
species of EichhofF's second division, though the 
rounded apex of the prothorax would place it in his 
third division. 

Xylehorus dolosus, sp. n. 

Fem. Subelongata, cylindrica, nitida, castanea, parce pilosa • 
prothorace oblongo, apice fortiter rotundato ; dorso post medium 
sat distincte punctate, linea media lasvi ; elytris lineato-punctatis, 
interstitiis planis uniseriatim punctatis, 1*^, S'^post medium seriato- 
tuberculatis ; declivitate obliqua, nitida, tenuiter punctata, in linea 
interstitii 1*^ utrinque sat valide bituberculata, infra marginata, ad 
apicem medium subemarginata. Long 2'4 mm. 

Female. Subelongata, cylindrical, shining, castaneous-brown, 
with very scanty, rather long pubescence. Front subimpressed on 
either side, with an indistinct median longitudinal elevation, sub- 
rugosely punctate and pilose ; eyes large, broad oval, feebly 
emarginate ; antenna3 testaceous-yellow. Prothorax oblong, 
strongly rounded at the apex, the sides very gently curved from 
before the middle to the broadly rounded hind-angles, base sub- 
truncate ; surface very convex before the middle, cylindrical and 
slightly' flattened posteriorly, the junction not marked by any 
evident nodus, the anterior half rather finely and closely asperate, 
the posterior half shining, moderately closely and distinctly punc- 
tured, the punctures absent over the median line and a small spot 
on either side, and coarser at the lateral margins, pubescence scan tj-, 
marginal, erect. Scutellum rounded oblong, infuscate, shining, sub- 
impressed. Elytra wider than the prothorax at its extreme base, 
and less than a half longer, truncate at base, with rectangular 
shoulders, subparallel-sided and slightly narrowed towards the apex, 
the hind-margins separately rounded, as in many species of Ptero- 
cjjclon, forming a very shallow emargination at the suture ; surface 
subcylindrical at the base, very obliquely declivous from the middle 
to the apex, moderately strongly lineato-punctate, the interstices 
flat, remotely and more finely punctured ; declivity somewhat 
flattened behind, shining, indistinctly punctured, rather sharply 
margined below, 1st interstice with about six, 3rd with about five 
tubercles, beginning near the middle of the elytra, and becoming 
strongly posteriorly, the apical pairs of the 1st interstices forming 
four well-marked tubercles on the declivous area, outer interstices 
finely tuberculate towards the extremity. Underside concolorous, 
legs testaceous. 

Hah. Borneo, Sarawak (Wallace). 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOKD. 189G. PART 11. (jUNE.) 15 

226 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford's 

The shape of the elytral apex is Hke that found in 
many species of Pterocyclon, and the species may be 
regarded as intei^mediate between such forms as X. con- 
fusus, Eichh., and its allies, and X. fallax, Eichh. 

Xyleborus laticollis, sp. n. 

Fem. Subelongata, nitida, badia, elytris piceo-ferrugineis ; pro- 
thorace amplo, suboblongo, lateribus leniter, apice fortiter rotund- 
ato, dorso transverse subelevato, postice subtiliter sparsJm 
punctate ; elytris prothorace angustioribus, postice angustatis, 
striato-punctatis, interstitiis lineato-punctatis, postice tuberculatis 
apice fortiter oblique declivi, subimpresso, fundo inermi, lateraliter 
in linea interstitii 3i seriato-tuberculato. Loug. 2-7 mm. 

Female. Subelongata, shining, sparsely pilose. Head bright- 
brown, front subcouvex, dull, punctured, with a fine subelevated 
median line, mouth thinly fringed. Prothorax a little longer than 
broad, ample, broadly rounded in front, the sides nearly straight, 
inflexed slightly towards the rounded hind-angles, base truncate ; 
surface cylindrical behind, convex and declivous at the apex, with 
a scarcely elevated transverse nodus before the middle, bright- 
brown with a darker shade towai-ds apex, scarcely hairy, granulate 
in front, behind shining, finely and sparingly punctured, with a 
smooth median line. Elytra narrower than the prothorax and a 
third longer, the shoulders subobtuse, the sides nearly parallel to 
the middle, thence narrowed, the apical margin truncate in the 
middle; surface cylindrical, piceo-ferruginous, shining, with thin 
rather long hairs, rather strongly punctured in substriate rows, the 
sutural stria markedly impressed shortly after the base, interstices 
flat, with as strong but more remote uniseriate piliferous punctures, 
replaced by small tuberculate points before the declivity ; the latter 
beginning at the apical third, oblique, flattened, shining, indistinctly 
striate, its fundus unarmed, the 3rd interstice callose and tuber- 
culate, the outer interstices less strongly tuberculate. Underside 
and legs testaceous, the abdomen darker. 

Hah. India, Kanara (Andrewes). 

This species belongs to the subdivision of which X. 
saxeseni, Ratz., forms part, but is quite different from 
that species in sculpture and in the much larger and 
more ample prothorax, which looks almost out of pro- 
portion in comparison with the elytra. 

Descnptions of New Scolytidse. 227 

Xylehorus andrewesi, sp. n, 

Fem. Elongata, piceo-fusca, antennis et pedibus flavis, sub- 
nitida, sat breviter erecte pilosa ; prothorace oblongo, apice late 
Totundato, lateribus parallelis, dorso post medium sat conferte 
punctulato, linea media Isevi ; elytris post medium gradatim 
attenuatis, lineato-punctatis, interstitiis seriato-setosis, 1° a medio, 
3°, b'^ in declivitate tuberculatis, hac obliqua, pruinoso-opaca, 
interstitio 2° impresso. Long. 2 mm. 

Female. Elongate, moderately shining, pitchy-fuscous, the 
base of the prothorax and apex of the elytra somewhat lighter, the 
antennae and legs yellow, with short moderately close erect pale 
hairs. Front subimpressed on either side over the mouth, dull, 
finely shagreened, not strongly punctate nor hairy; eyes rather large, 
deeply emargiuate. Prothorax oblong, exactly parallel-sided, 
broadly rounded at the apex, the hind-angles rounded, the base 
truncate; surface with an ante-median transverse elevation, declivous 
in front and asperate with imbricate rugaj, behind cylindrical, 
slightly depressed, subnitid, with moderately close and rather fine 
punctures, the median line impunctate, the interspaces transversely 
rugulose, pubescence thin, longer over the apical, shorter but 
present over the basal half. Scutellum triangular, partly con- 
cealed by hairs. Elytra as broad as the prothorax and a half 
longer, with subrectangular shoulders, parallel-sided to the middle, 
thence gradually and subacuminately narrowed to the apex, hind- 
margin seen from above short and transverse ; surface sub- 
cylindrical to behind the middle, thence gradually declivous and 
convex, rather finely punctured in rows, the punctures shallow, 
bearing minute hairs, interstices flat, rugulose, with stronger seriate 
hairs, the 1st and 3rd seriato-tuberculate, the tubercles beginning 
on the 1st before the middle, rather remote, and weak towards the 
apex, on the 3rd about the middle, and strong to the apex, the 6th 
and outer interstices with finer tubercles towards the tip ; declivity 
opaque, impressed along the 2ud interstice, the 3rd subcallose. 
Underside concolorous. 

Hah. India, Belgaum (Andrewes). 

Allied to X. exiguus, Walk. ; but larger, more elongate, 
and much more gradually attenuated behind ; the first and 
third interstices alone armed before the declivity with 
much more remote tubercles, the declivity opaque. One 

228 Mr. Walter F. H. Blandford on Neiv Srohjtidai. 

. . Xylehoriis exiguus. 

Bostrichus exiguus, Walk., Ann. Nat. Hist., ser. 3, iii., 

p. 260 (1857)1. 
Xylehorus muriceus, Eichh., Rat. Tom., p. 506 (1879)". 

Hab. Ceylon^ ; Andaman Is. ; Burma^. 

I have a pair from the Andamans, which have been 
identified by comparison with Walker's type. Through 
the courtesy of Herr Schaufuss I have been able lately to 
compare them with that of EichhofF, who has published 
an ample description of the species. 

( 229 ) 

IX. Notes on Dyscrltlna longisetosa, Westvv. By 
E. Ernest Green, F.E.S. 

[Read March 18th, 1896.] 

The accompanying figures represent what I suppose to 
be a more advanced stage of the interesting little insect 
described by the late Prof. Westwood, under the name of 
Dyscritina longisetosa (Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1881, 
p. 601, pi. xxii., fig. 1). 

My example of the insect is rather darker coloured 
than the type, the whole of the upper parts being dark 
reddish-brown, without any pale bands on the abdomen ; 
it has, however, the two small pale patches on the 
posterior angles of the prothorax ; and there is a pale 
median line bisecting each of the thoracic tergites longi- 
tudinally, which is carried forwards to the middle of the 
head, where it bifurcates, the branches turning sharply 
off to a point on the margin immediately in front of the 

Westwood does not definitely state the dimensions of 
his insect ; but gives 8 lines as the length of the caudal 
filaments, remarking that these are " nearly three times 
the length of the entire insect." In his figure, however, 
he gives a scale, indicating the lengths of the parts, by 
which I find that the body is 6 mm. long, and each 
filament 17 mm. In my specimen these proportions are 
considerably altered, the body being 8 mm. long, while 
the caudal appendages attain a length of only 6,^ mm. 

In Westwood's description these caudal appendages 
are said to be composed of more than fifty minute articu- 
lations. In the present specimen, the two appendages, 
though nearly of equal length, consist of a different 
number of joints, there being seventeen in one and twelve 
only in the other. I at first thought that they might be 
imperfect ; but a careful examination of the extremities 
shows a natural rounded termination quite unlike the 
apices of the preceding joints. There is a very long basal 
joint, about equal to the subsequent six ; the remaining 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART IT. (jUNE.) 


Mr. E. Ernest Green on 

joints are subequal in length, but gradually diminisli in 

thickness. The ap- 
pendages are finely 
setose, and there 
are a few stout 
spines on the basal 
and following six 
or seven joints. 

The antennaj have 
undergone very 
little change. They 
still contain fifteen 
joints ; but the 
second isvery small 
and sunk into the 
apex of the large 
basal piece, which 
bears several stout 

There is an im- 
portant change in 
the structure of the 
'legs, three joints 
being now appa- 
rent in the tarsi ; 
the second joint, 
is, however, very 
small, and firmly 
fixed to the pre- 
ceding one, the line 
of separation being 
rather inconspicu- 
ous. The femora 
are distinctly chan- 
nelled for the re- 
ception of the tibiae. 
There is no pad 
between the claws. 

The mouth parts, 
as far as can be 
seen without dis- 
section, are as de- 
scribed by Prof. 
Westwood ; the 
maxillj© are perhaps rather longer and more falcate. 

1. — Outline of insect, dorsal view. 

2. — Head, from below. [side. 

3. — Terminal segments of abdomen, from tlie 

4. — Outline of insect, ventral view. 

5. — Tarsus and part of tibia of anterior leg. 

Notes on Dyscritina longisetosa, 23 1 

The similarity of structure to that of the Forficulidai 
is most marked in the specimen under examination. On 
each of two tergal plates, near the base of the abdomen, 
appear a pair of well-marked glandular folds, correspond- 
ing with the scent-glands found in a similar situation in 
many earwigs. On the ventral surface, the sternal plates 
of the thorax are very large and broad, each projecting 
backwards, and covering part of the following segment. 
The legs are widely Separated, and the cox^ small and 
cylindrical. The tergal and sternal plates of the abdo- 
men are fitted together in the imbricating fashion which 
is almost peculiar to the ForficuUdx. The extremity 
of the abdomen, between the cerci, is closed by a 
vertical plate divided transversely into two or more 

The specimen from which the above notes were taken, 
is now deposited in the Natural History Museum, Crom- 
well Road. Westwood's type of the insect is presumably 
in the Oxford Museum. 

( 238 ) 

X. On the Courtsh/ip of certain European AerldiUlff.. 
By Professor Edward B. Poulton, M.A., F.E.S., 
F.L.S., etc. 

[Read April 1st, 189G.] 

The extraordinarily fine and hot weather in Switzerland 
at the end of August and beginning of September last 
year (18y5), was very favourable for the observations 
which are here recorded. I was then staying at the 
VVeisshorn Hotel, high above Vissoye, in the Val 
d'Anniviers, 7G90 feet in elevation. Certain species of 
Acridiida3 were excessively abundant in the immediate 
neighbourhood of the hotel, species moreover which 
afforded examples of very different methods of courtship. 
In working at this subject I received the greatest 
assistance from m}' two friends. Mi-. F. Jenkinson and 
Mr. F. Y. Dickins : their keen powers of observation 
enabled me to add many new facts of much interest, and 
also afforded vahiable confirmation upon the most diffi- 
cult points. Mr. Jenkinson observed with me for hours 
together on several occasions, so that we were able to 
compare our impressions as we received them. 

Dr. Sharp has kindly identified the species for me, 
comparing my specimens with a Brnnner collection at 

The object of this enquiry was to make out the 
methods employed by the males in the courtship of the 
females, and especially the part played by stridulation. 
Dr. Sharp, in the Cambridge Natural History (Vol. v., 
p. 286), insists on the insufficiency of observations on this 
point, and I therefore hope that this work has not been in 
vain. The following observations suggest that the true 
sicrnificance of the latter is to be found in its use durino- 
courtship. In only a single species of those observed, 
Stethophyma fuscum, did the males commonly stridulate 
without reference to the females, and merely in rivalry 
with each other. In all the other sound-producing species 
the power seemed, almost without exception, to be 


234 Professor Edward B. Poulton on the 

exercised with direct reference to females, or in rivalry 
to other males in the presence of a female. In the case 
of Psophiis stridulus, true stridulation was only observed 
when the close proximity of a female had evidently 
thrown the male into a state of excitement. 

The I'ollowing considerations also support the same 
conclusions. In Pezotettix pedestris, both sexes have 
rudimentary wings and the male never makes any audible 
sound. Nevertheless, when he is seated on the back of 
the female attempting to pair, and during coitus itself, 
he continually moves his third legs alternately as if 
in stridulation. I believe that this movement is a vestige 
of an ancient and long-lost power of producing sound. 
Although stridulation is usually produced by a symmetincal 
movement of the third legs, it will be shown that this is 
not the case with Stenohothrus elegans. There is there- 
fore no objection to be raised against this character of 
the movement in Pezotettix. Another view, and that 
held by my friend, the learned Orthopterist, Henri de 
Saussure, is that sound is really produced, only we cannot 
hear it. He holds that the sound is merely the outward 
expression of the elated feelings of the male Pezotettix. 

Dv. Sharp, too, considers from the presence in 
apparently dumb species of well-developed tympana — 
and this is their condition in Pezotettix — "that the 
Orthoptera provided with acoustic organs, and which we 
consider dumb, are not really so,, but produce sounds we 
cannot hear, and do so in some manner unknown to us ^' 
(Cambridge Natural History, Vol. v., 287). On the 
other hand, it may be urged that the perception of vibra- 
tion by means of tympana may be of great value in the 
life of an organism, even if the organism were incapable 
of producing sounds, and that it may be retained for 
some more general use v^'hen its original special function 
has ceased to exist. 

But in any case this movement of Pezotettix is con- 
ducted with an apparatus homologous with that by which 
sound is produced in other AcridiidcT, and yet one in 
which the special sound-producing structures are absent. 
The tegmina are too short to be brought into their usual 
relation with the femora, and the ridge on the inner face 
of the latter is without the "musical beads,^^ although 
strongly chitinized and prominent as though it had pi'e- 
viously possessed significance in this respect. 

Courtsliii) of certain European Acridiidse. 235 

Further evidence in support of this explanation is to 
be found in the fact that Pezotettix makes the movement 
when he has succeeded in capturing* the female and wheu 
pairing has actually begun. In the other species ob- 
served the normal arrangement was for the male to 
stridulate apparently to charm or please the female before 
leaping on her; stridulation after this occurring only in 
certain special cases (one observation on 8tenobothrus 
hmmorrlioidalis, and one on Stethopliyma fuscum, in 
which it is to be explained as an answer to another 
very persistent male). 

If, however, as I suppose, the movements of Pezotettix 
are merely vestigial, we can quite understand their asso- 
ciation in the nervous system with those stronger nervous 
impulses which are concerned with the successful issue 
of courtship, rather than with the impulses concerned 
with courtship itself. According to this view the 
functional stridulation is associated with anticipation 
while the vestigial stridulation is only evoked by realiza- 
tion. It should be added that it is quite possible that 
these movements of the male Pezotettix may have a 
stimulating or perhaps merely a soothing effect on the 

The comparison between Pezotettix and the other 
species supports in another way these conclusions as 
to the essential significance of stridulation in courtship. 
In the latter kinds, so far as they were sufficiently 
observed, the female was treated with considerable cere- 
mony ; in Gom2:)liocerus a peculiar attitude was assumed, 
movement of some of the appendages of the head was 
made, and the female was in some cases patted or stroked, 
in addition to the most assiduous stridulation. The latter 
was never omitted in any species in which we could detect 
any sound. But the little male of Pezotettix, being appa- 
rently without any power of charming the female, behaves 
in a manner entirely different from any of the others 
described below. He lies in wait, leaps on the female, 
and captures her unawares. Then, when he is firmly 
seated,, the male attempts to charm her by nibbling with 
his mandibles, and perhaps by the effect of the alternate 
movement of his third legs. 

The general impression left by the whole of the obser- 
vations recorded below was favourable to the theory of 
sexual selection, and to the view that the stridnlating 

236 Professor Edward B. Poultou on the 

apparatus lias been evolved by the a<rency of tliis 
principle rather than by that of natural selection. 

Others may draw opposite conclusions from the same 
observations, which I therefore set forth by themselves, 
apart from general theoretical considei^ations. I believe 
that the observations themselves are correct, and that the 
uncertain points are stated with due caution. 

Pezotettix pedestris. 

August 29, 1895. — I watched a pair of Pe;:oleliix 
2')€destris continuously for about an hour and a quarter, 
viz , from about 2.30 p.m. to 3.45. The day was fine and 
the sun powerful, and this had been the case for many 
days previous to the 29th. 

When first observed, the male was seated on the back 
of the female, the anterior legs being clasped round her 
prothorax, but every now and then one of them was 
passed round her head and sometimes even over the eye. 
Twice the female was seen to raise her leg and sweep the 
male's leg off her face. The male's second pair of legs 
apparently clasped the posterior part of her first 
abdominal segment, fitting in between the femora of 
the female's third pair of legs and her body. The male's 
third pair of legs were not used for maintaining his 
position, but were held either horizontally or inclining 
upwards postei-iorly, the tibias forming an acute angle 
with the femora, and the tarsus being raised so as to form 
an acute angle with the tibiaj. For nearly the whole of 
the time of observation the male's third legs were jerked 
lip and down alternately, the strokes not succeeding each 
other very rapidly. No audible sound was produced. 
No corresponding movement was seen on the part of the 

In attempting to copulate, the male let himself down, 
sometimes on one side and sometimes on the other, suffi- 
ciently far to bring the extremity of the abdomen below 
that of the female. The terminal segments of the male's 
abdomen were then turned upwards and inwards towards 
the external generative aperture of the female, with which 
the everted male organs were brought into contact. No 
movement of the corresponding female parts was seen, 
but contractions of the whole abdomen occasionally took 

Gourtshi]) of certain European Acridildx. 237 

place. In the above-described attitude the hold of the 
male appeared to be very precarious, and it seemed that 
he would have been shaken off by a comparatively slight 
movement on the part of the female. 

During the second half of the period of observation, the 
male made more frequent and vigorous attempts, and. I 
noticed that from time to time he gently nibbled the 
female with his mandibles in the dorsal and upper part of 
the lateral thoracic regions. The female, however, 
appeared to be entirely indifferent to his attentions ; and 
sometimes when the male was making the most energetic 
attempts she would calmly begin to eat the leaf of a 
plant. On two occasions she finished, or nearly finished, 
a small leaf, and many times nibbled parts of leaves. 
Although she seemed to prefer the green leaves, she 
sometimes ate portions of brown ones. Five times the 
female ejected fteces ; once I thought the male did so, 
buu it may merely have been getting rid of some foreign 
particle which had accidentally adhered. In the case of 
the female there was no doubt. 

Although the female did not attempt to get rid of the 
male, she showed her indifference to his presence not 
only in the manner already described, but by walking and 
hopping about, often at the most inconvenient times. By 
3.45 copulation had not commenced, and I could wait 
no longer. 13oth insects were then captured for 

All the observatioDS recorded above were made quite 
close to the insects. By keeping as still as possible, 
and moving very gently when it was necessary to 
follow them, it was easy to bring the eyes within six or 
eight inches of the insects Avithout disturbing them 
at all. 

August 30. — I saw many of the same species in copula 
beside the upper road, or rather path, leading from the 
Weisshorn Hotel to Zinai. The terminal segments of the 
male's abdomen are turned upwards, in the position indi- 
cated by the attempts already described. The alternate 
movements of the third legs continue from time to time 
during coitus : in one case (which may have been the 
begiuning of copulation) a female was seen to stretch out 
the third legs from time to time, and make a rapid 
shivering movement. With the above exception, the 
female hopped and walked about freely during the pro- 

238 Professor Edward B. Poulton on the 

cess, the male being apparently firmly seated on her 

August 31. — A pair were found in copula in the Alpine 
garden close to the Weisshorn Hotel. The female was 
seen to eat freely^ and once to void excreta, while the 
male was actively moving his third legs. This observa- 
tion was confirmed by F. Jenkinson. These remarkable 
alternate movements of the male's third legs during 
coitus were also seen by F. Jenkinson and me in a very 
large number of cases at other times. In a single case 
observed by F. Jenkinson on August 31, the male's legs 
were at one time rapidly vibrated laterally, being moved 
simultaneously and not alternately, as in the usual move- 
ment. This perhaps correspoods to the shivering move- 
ment seen by me in the female on August 30th. 

September 1. — This latter observation was confirmed 
by me in the Alpine garden. In this case the beginning 
of the act was seen. The male appeared to be much 
excited, and the shivering movement occurred from time 
to time, just before and after the beginning of the act. 
The female, which possessed only one leg of the third 
pair, was quite motionless throughout. At the com- 
mencement of the act she expelled faeces, which were 
moist and quite different from the dry ejecta seen on 
other occasions. In this and the complete passivity of 
the female there is probable evidence that she was much 
influenced by the act. This passive appearance was 
entirely distinct from the indifference manifested in so 
many of the cases previously observed, in which, how- 
ever, the act had either not begun, or was probably far 
advanced. Shortly after coitus the pair remained motion- 
less for a considerable time. 

September 2. — Up to this date the events immediately 
preceding pairing, and the pairing itself had been observed 
with care, but there was no evidence to show how the 
male became seated on the back of the female. I was 
very anxious to find out how this occurred, and whether 
there was any preliminary courtship by stridulation or 
otherwise, although the species had never been heard to 
stridulate. At this date, F. Jenkinson observed, and I 
was able to confirm, that the males leap upon the females 
when they come within a distance of about three inches, 
but apparently do not notice them at a much greater 
distance. Their attention appears to be directed to the 

ConrtshijJ of certain I^urojJeun Acridiuhe. 239 

female by its movement, and they then leap with the 
greatest accuracy F. Jenkinson obtained these results 
by inducing captured females to leap from his hand in 
the direction of a male. On one occasion ho saw a male 
approach and leap upon another male, probably mistaking 
it for a female ; there was a tussle, in which one appeared 
to try to bite the other. It thus appeared evident that 
there is no prelitninaiy courtship of any kind, but that 
the male takes the female by surprise, and leaps upon her 
before she is aware of his presence. This conclusion was 
abundantly confirmed later on. 

September 3. — F. Jenkinson and I observed a pair on 
the grassy slopes below the Bella Tola. The male had 
lost one of the legs of the third pair, and the female had 
one of them apparently injuret). The male was seated on 
the back ot" the female, and v/as energetically attempting 
to copulate much too far forward in the middle ventral line. 
We watched his continual attempts for about fifteen 
minutes, at the end of which period he was no nearer to 
success than at the beginning. This failure, when the 
female was evidently ready, and kept opening the gene- 
rative oriBce, may have been due to the absence of the 
leg. Although this limb is not used to hold firmly, the 
absence of it may have afiected his balance. At any 
rate no failure of this kind was seen on any other 

Later on, about the middle of the day, we came to a 
flat piece of ground covered with scanty grass, at the 
bottom of the zigzags by which the Bella Tola is ascended. 
The strong sun and the position of the ground made the 
place extremely hot, and as both sexes of the Pezotettix 
were very abundant^ it appeared a good opportunity for 
observing the pairing habits. The males were often 
seated on stones, or other slight eminences ; thus placed, 
and with the head and anterior part of the body raised, 
they were in a very favourable position to see and leap 
upon any female which approached within three inches, 
or sometimes even a greater distance. If the leap is a 
failure, the male at once begins an active pursuit, leap- 
ing more quickly and further than the female. In this 
way it often happens that he loses sight of the latter, or, 
is brought nearer to another female, whom he at once 
attempts to captui-e. One main cause of failure in the 
pursuit is that the male has very little, if any, power of 

240 Professor Edward B. Poulton on ilie 

seeing a female between his leaps, unless his attention has 
been directed to her by the movement of the leap itself. 
Hence the pauses, often greatly prolonged, between the 
successive leaps frequently lead to the escape of the 
female. Furthermore, the leaps made by the male, when 
lying in wait for the female, were much better aimed 
than those made in pursuit. It is probable that in the 
former case he takes very careful aim ; for he turns his 
head and antennie in the exact direction of the female, 
and pauses before leaping, often making a slight rocking 
movement of the anterior part of the body. Occasionally 
this movement was seen in the female also. 

When the male leaps upon her unawares, as I have 
described, the female almost invariably tries to throw 
him off, and generally succeeds. If, however, she failed 
in the first attempt, in most cases she yielded forthwith, 
and, probably as a result of these favourable conditions as 
regards tempe.'ature, pairing was effected in a very short 
time, sometimes even in a few seconds. 

In one instance a male leaped upon a female and was 
thrown off"; the female was then driven round, so that in 
a few minutes she again came within the range of his 
leap. The second time he was successful, securing a 
fii-m hold, and beginning to nibble the female with his 
mandibles. All resistance ceased, and pairing took place 
in a few minutes. 

Very occasionally the alternate strokes, but only once 
or twice repeated, of the male^s third legs were seen when 
the opposite sexes were near together. I believe, too, 
that the same movement was made by the female, though 
still more rarely. One female, when near to a male, 
seemed to be excited, and raised her third legs, which 
quivered from time to time. Any such indications wore 
very rare in the female. In nearly all cases she was taken 
by surprise, and only yielded when very firmly held. 

The female must be influenced in some way by the 
male holding her and caressing her with his mandibles ; 
for his position, when attempting to copulate, is very 
precarious, and he could be easily shaken off. It appeared, 
however, that the males did not begin to make any such 
attempts until the females had ceased to resist. 

In one single instance the female did not yield, 
although very firmly held ; but it is probable that she 
was immature, or injured, or in some way unfit for pair- 

Courtship of certain European AcridiidK. 241 

ing, as the male finally left liei" of his own accord. This 
observation was made by both of us, and was of g'reat 
interest. When we first saw them, the male was firmly 
holding the female, but she kept struggling violently, 
and trying to kick him ofi" with her powerful third legs. 
On at least three separate occasions the pair rolled over, 
and remained in this position, with the male beneath, 
for about half a minute. At such times the female was 
unable to struggle at all successfullj^, and. it seemed 
possible that the male, when he was nearly unseated, 
caused the pair to roll over ; we could not, however, bo 
sure of this. Ultimately the male leaped off voluntarily, 
as I have already stated. One side of the dorsal surface 
of an abdominal segment was wounded in the female, but 
as the injury did not appear to be fresh, it is not probable 
that the male caused it. 

In one or two cases the female, and once the male, 
expelled faeces just before or during copulation. The 
faeces were of the character already described, and not in 
the usual dry state. 

In no single case was any pi^eliminary courtship wit- 
nessed in this species. There was no stridulation, no 
display of colour or attitude. It was entirely a question 
of capture, the females being almost invariably, at any 
rate at first, unwilling prisoners, although occasionally 
they showed indications of excitement in the presence of 
a male. 

It is highly probable that pairing takes place many 
times in this species, and even more than once with the 
same male. 

There was an extremely high proportion of individuals 
in coitu, even allowing for the fact that their habit of 
freely jumping about renders them much more con- 
spicuous than the unpaired males and females. The 
proportion was far higher than that of any other 
Orthopterous insect observed during this visit to Switzer- 
land ; it is possible, however, that the principal pairing 
time of other species is earlier in the year. 


This form was excessively abundant round the W^eisshorn 
Hotel, no other species approaching it in numbers. On 
one occasion, after heavy rain, F. Jenkinsou saw immense 

242 Professor Edward B. Poulton on, the 

numbers of them lying in the path apparently 
dead ; but after the sun had warmed them they all re- 

August 30. — At this date I had a good opportunity of 
watching the habits of the males in the presence of a 
female. About a mile from the hotel, along the upper 
road to Zinal, at about 11 a.m., I came upon a spot which, 
on account of its aspect and slope, had not long been 
warmed by the sun, so that the insects were only just 
beginning to bestir themselves. Here was a litde group of 
this species — two males and a female — probably close to 
the place in which they had passed the night. The female 
was resting quietly on a small piece of rock, slightly 
moving her abdomen, probably in relation to respiration. 
Later on she drew each antenna beneath the first leg of 
the same side, or perhaps drew the leg over the antenna. 
It is probable that this movement is intended to wipe off 
the dew. The males often did the same, and the female 
rubbed its eye, probably for the same purpose. This 
explanation is all the more probable because I did not 
see these movements at any time when the heat of the sun 
was sufficient to have dispersed the dew ; although tliu 
species was carefully observed on many occasions. One 
male, standing by the female, was stridulating when I came 
up; the other was behind motionless. These three insects 
vi^ere extremely shy, although this was by no means the 
case at other times when individuals of this species were 
watched in the heat of the day. Although I approached 
so that my shadow was behind me, and very gently, the 
male beside the female was alarmed at each slight rustle 
or movement, raising himself on his legs and erecting 
his antenna), apparently thoroughly on the alert. Then 
when I kept perfectly still he resumed his former position 
and depressed the antennas towards the female, both of 
whose antennas were also generally depressed. He did 
not continue to stridulate, but, after remaining almost 
motionless for some ten minutes, except for cleaning his 
antenna) now and then, tui'ned his back on the female and 
apparently began eating the heather. In a few seconds 
the other male stridulated once or twice : the effect on 
the first male was instantaneous ; he stridulated for a 
second or two and then walked back to the female, 
depressed one antennas towards her and patted her on the 
thorax with one of the first pair of legs. After all this 

Courtship of certain European Acridiidse. 243 

attention she made no apparent movement, and the other 
male did not make any farther advances. The active 
male then walked away and met another female, 
stridulated beside hei- until she also walked off. Another 
male close at hand stridulated, and the active one 
immediately replied, akhough in this case no female was 

These observations illustrate the habits of the species 
in courtship, the males, as Mr. F. V. Dickins also pointed 
out to me, always running after the females and never 
jumping, although both sexes jump very actively when 
disturbed. The use of stridulation as one of the tactics 
of courtship was clearly seen, the rivalry between the 
two males near the female being particularly interesting. 
The same occasion gave rise to the other method of 
courtship, viz., patting the female. The position of the 
male's antennas suggested attention to any movement the 
i'emale might make, or to anything she might do. 

These notes also illustrate the immense abundance of 
the species, the active male had only to walk two or three 
inches away from the group of three in order to come 
across another female and male. 

I think that, in observations of this kind, it will be 
useful to watch the species under many different conditions, 
especially as regards temperatuie. In the hottest places 
courtship is most energetic, and we have the most 
favourable opportunity for seeing the whole process 
carried through to completion, as in the case of 
Fezotettix already described ; but when the temperature 
is lower, and especially when the warmth of the sun has 
only just roused the insects into activity, many interest- 
ing details may be witnessed which are often passed over 
or hurried through in times of greater energy. 

In spite of the excessive abundance cf the species and 
the almost constant attention of the males to the females, 
a successful termination to courtship was witnessed in no 
single instance, and only two or three pairs were seen in 
coitu. One of these was found on August 29th, a little 
below rhe hotel. The male, unlike the Fezotettix, was 
unable to retain his hold, and when the female jumped, 
as she did freely, he was dragged along on his back, and 
retained this position for a considerable time in the 
intervals between two successive jumps. It is probable 
that with this species, the pairing season was nearly over j; 

244 Professor Edward B. roulton on the 

and this conclusion is supported by the fact that the 
females were often seen engaged in oviposition. 

August 81. — Jenkinson and I watched several females 
ovipositing in the loose earth on a very hot slope just 
outside the hotel, and in the beds of the little Alpine 
garden. The female thrusts her abdomen deeply into the 
earth and remains in this position for some minutes. Oti 
two occasions a female, after withdrawing her abdomen, 
was seen to rake the ground vigorously with her third 
legs, and, in one case, witnessed by Jenkinson, she 
steadied herself by holding a plant stem with her 
mandibles. We several times dug up the earth and 
searched for the eggs, but without success. At this date 
I found another pair of this species in coitu, on the path 
just below the lioteL 

GomjiJtoccnis sibericus appears to be a very general 
feeder, and its extraordinary abundance in the immediate 
proximity of the hotel was probably due to the presence 
of horses' and mules' dung, and other refuse upon which 
they fed. Every patch of dung upon the path was 
surrounded by dozens of individuals. 

August 31. — F. Jenkinson and I watched the males pur- 
suing the females near the hotel. It often happened that 
when a male came up to a female he extended the max- 
illary and labial palpi towards her, and raised himself on 
his legs in a very characteristic and remarkable attitude. 
At other times these movements occurred at a later stage 
of courtship. The movement of the palpi strongly sug- 
gested their use as organs of sense. When the female 
ran away, as she generally did, the male pursued, always 
trying to get in front of the female and thus stop her. 
The rr.ale ran faster than the female, and altered his 
direction so as to approach the female almost at right 
angles to the course she was pursuing. After the pre- 
liminaries of courtship — pursuit, stridulation, attitude, 
and movement of the palpi — the male, standing beside 
and close to the female, tries to jump on her, making a 
curious short chirp as he does so. The attempts were, 
however, always unsuccessful in the cases observed by us. 
Stridulation is in this species of definite length, and ends 
in two or three short chirps; in most cases the male then 
instantly approaches still nearer and tries to jump on the 
female with the short chirp already described. 

Neither Jenkinson nor I can remember the exact 

Courtslii]) of certain Euroi^ean Acridiidw. 245 

order in which the male went through the various phases 
of courtship. It is probable that the order varied greatly, 
and that some of the phases were often omitted. 

September 2. — On this and many other occasions the 
males were often seen to leave the female they were 
pursuing and, apparently without knowing it, to follow 
some other female they accidentally came upon in the 
course of the pui'suit. A male pursuing a female was 
once seen to approach and jump at the male of Pezo- 
tettix, having apparently mistaken it for the female. 

September o. — On the grassy slopes below the Bella 
Tola, a male observed by F. Jenkinson and me was 
greatly excited by the pair of Pezotettix already described 
as attempting, but unable to copulate. He stood in the 
characteristic attitude, walked round them, and finally 
stood in front and stridulated for the usual length of 
time and with the usual ending, he then advanced as if 
to jump, but before doing so became satisfied that he had 
made a mistake, and walked awa}'. It was evident that 
he had mistaken the pair for the female of his own species. 
Just below the zigzags up the Bella Tola we saw a 
male which, standing by a female, repeated the stridula- 
tion four times with the usual conclusion on each occasion, 
and then after all this attention let her walk away unper- 
ceived. This and the other facts already described seem 
to show that the males were very unobservant. In this 
respect their behaviour was very different fVora that of 
Pezotettix, and from the very alert member of their own 
species observed on August 30. 

No light was thrown upon the function of the remark- 
able dilated tibite of the first legs of the male. The 
whole tibia, swollen into the shape of a pear, with the 
tarsus articulated to its broader end, presented a most 
curious appearance in the characteristic attitudes assumed 
during courtship. On the underside of this dilated mass, 
which is approximately circular in transverse section, two 
rows of hairs are seen. Although the hairs are smaller, 
and the rows more widely separated, both evidently cor- 
respond to those which are found beneath the unmodified 
tibiiB of the other legs. 

Although we observed the habits of this species on 
many other occasions, neither F. Jenkinson nor I had 
ever seen the pairing accomplished. I therefore asked 
Mr. F. V. Dickins if he would consent to watch throug^h 

246 Professor Edward B. Poulton on the 

a very hot afternoon. This he very kindly did, and 
although unsuccessful in this respect, he made many 
interesting observations which I give in his own words : — 

''On the 4th September, 1895, I watched the courting 
habits of some grasshoppers on the knoll immediately 
behind the Weisshorn Hotel. 

" At first I made my observations on the west slope, 
but there was a cool wind blowing, and the insects were 
neither numerous nor lively. Casting about I discovered 
on the south-east slope a particular hollow away from 
the wind, in the full glare of the sun, and focussing the 
heat-reflections from the hillock-slopes around it. Hei-e 
the grasshoppers abounded and were very lively ; I 
watched them for about two hours. 

" I noticed that the males, marked by swellings on 
their first legs, were much more mobile than the females, 
the latter were mostly extremely passive and had to be 
chased and caught up by the males. There was a good 
deal of this chasing which was very amusing to watch. 
Sometimes the female, as if bothered, would remain 
quiet for a time and allow the male to come up to her. 
He appeared to stroke her with his antennge, but I could 
not distinctly see what parts of her body he thus specially 
caressed. The insects never seemed to leap unless 
alarmed ; I thought that perhaps leaping was not an 
ordinary mode of progression. I saw no male clasp or 
leap upon any female ; they chased and chased, threw up 
the game, started a fresh pursuit, equally bootless, and 
so went on, tireless. I was not fortunate enough to see 
any accouplement. When the male was alongside the 
female, in many cases, the insect assumed a strained atti- 
tude, the anterior part of the body being raised high, and 
the terminal segments curved upwards so that the dorsal 
line was concave antero-posteriorly. Very often a curious 
little click was heard, I thought, usually as the chase 
ended in the pair suddenly standing still by each other. 
One might suppose that it was a chirp of triumph. I 
have no doubt it was made by the male. 

" One rather curious situation in this active little 
drama is worth noting. A female alighted or rather ran 
up on ray boot and sat quite still in the hot rays of 
the sun. She sat so still that the idea struck me I might 
try to caress her a little myself. I accordingly looked 
round for a slender flexible grass stem or dried haulm. 

Courtship of certain Etirojoean Acridiida'. 247 

and having found one gently touched her with the pliant 
extremity. She did not stir, and I became bolder ; I 
rubbed her lydy on either side and also the inside of the 
coxa3 and antennas. She was still unmoved, except that 
a slight rigidity seemed to supervene^ and the abdominal 
extremity curved slightly upwards. Gently tickling this 
part the curve rose and the rigidity seemed more marked. 
1 now stroked her as gently as I could, and she permitted 
this extreme familiarity Avithout resentment. Lastly, I 
took her softly up and laid her in the palm of my hand. 
Turning her from side to side she seemed quite content 
and did not exhibit a flutter or a tremor. I continued 
my caressings for ten minutes or a quarter of an hour, 
and then laid her in a warm spot and watched her for 
another quarter of an hour. She did not move, although 
she was alive enough. Was she hypnotized ? " 

This last interesting observation suggests that very 
marked effects may be produced by the patting which I 
witnessed on August 30th, and by the nibbling in the 
case of PezoteMicO. In this latter species, indeed, the 
effect produced on a female after her first unsuccessful 
attempts to throw off the male, appeai'ed to be very 
much like that induced by Mr. Dickins in the female of 


This magnificent species was very abundant in the 
open grassy spaces between the trees at the water- 
courses some few hiindred feet below the hotel, and also 
in certain places on the slopes far below the Bella Tola. 
The stridulatiou was far more characteristic than that of 
any other species observed : first three (sometimes two) 
sti'okes of the third legs across the tegmina, then a rapid 
vibration of the former against the latter for a few 
seconds. The result is three piercing sounds in rapid 
succession, and then a prolonged rustle. The rivalry 
between the males and their replies one to another were 
very evident, but their relations to the female were only 
witnessed once or twice. 

August 31. — This species was observed by the water- 
courses. Many females were seen but never attended 
by males on this occasion. I came across a pair of males 
in the grass fighting in a very clumsy manner : they lay 

248 Professor Edward B. Poulton on the 

side by side, pushing and kicking at each other, and 
stridulating alternately. One male had lost one of the 
third pair of legs, perhaps in an earlier part of the 
fight, but if so it must have been somewhere else, as I 
searched for the leg in vain. In spite of its mutilation 
it replied with its single leg to every stridulation made 
by the other, and these replies seemed especially irri- 
tating to the uninjured male for it kicked more vigor- 
ously than ever, and once made a determined but unsuc- 
cessful effort to bite the end of the other's abdomen. The 
fight was already raging when I began to observe. After 
I had watched it for several minutes the uninjured male 
gave up and went away. It is possible that the light 
may have begun by one male leaping on the other in 
mistake for a female, but it is more lilcely that it arose 
in a quarrel over one female. This view derives some 
suppoi't from the following observation. 

September 2. — At a certain spot on the slopes below 
the Bella Tola the species was very common, and several 
pairs were seen in coitu. The female is larger and 
duller in colour than the males, and her wings are much 
smaller and probably useless for flight. 

In the case of one pair in which copulation had 
evidently only just taken place, the female was seen to 
expel fteces : another male was lying beside the pair 
evidently trying to copulate with the female, continually 
stretching his abdomen towards her with partial eversion 
of the organs. He also stridulated from time to time, 
and I feel almost sure, although I cannot speak with 
certainty on this point, that the copulating male replied 
on each occasion. In a few minutes the unsuccessful 
male went away. I have suggested that the fight may 
have begun in souie such contest, but probably before 
either male had succeeded in pairing. I cannot now 
remember whether the stridulation during the fight and 
on the occasion last described was similar to that v/hich is 
characteristic of the species at other times. I am con- 
fident that no new sound was introduced, but cannot be 
sure as to whether both movements were made with 
their usual relation to each other. 

September 7. — F. Jenkinson saw two males of this 
species drawn together from a distance of several yards 
apparently as the result of stridulating alternately. 
When at length they met, they seemed much excited. 

Courtship of certain European Acridiidse. 249 

but soon separated without fighting. Perhaps the fight 
which I witnessed may have begun in this way. 


A beautiful little species which Dr. Sharp doubtfully 
identifies as Stenohothrns elegaiis, was often seen, although 
not abundant, below the hotel. The males in stridu- 
lating, do not, like the two last mentioned species, move 
the third' legs symmetrically, but one follows the other. 
Probably in consequence of this the sound swells and 
diminishes rhythmically, presenting a remarkable likeness 
to that made by a fly caught in a spider^s web. Con- 
sidering its very small volume, this high and piercing 
sound can be heard for a great distance. 


After 1 left, F. Jenkinson observed a very small kind 
which is almost certainly to be identified as the above 
named species. Mr. Jenkinson has kindly given me the 
following notes : — 

*' September 5. — About 5 p.m. I found a very small 
brown male, with the dorsal surface of the abdomen of a 
reddish-orange colour. He was very assiduous in his 
attentions to a green female with white V-shaped marks 
on the side of the thorax. He generally kept close to 
her, but was never obtrusive in his attentions, relying 
apparently on the effect of his stridulation. This was 
made with both legs simultaneously, generally very low, 
but sometimes louder, a rapid uniform trill, rather like 
the note of the lesser whitethroat. Sometimes she gave 
him the slip, and they were as much as eight inches 
apart, and out of sight of each other ; but he continued 
at 'short intervals his stridulation, and somehow, 
apparentlij by accident, they came across each other 
again, and the male posted himself in close attendance 
as before. The female was generally nibbling at blades 
of grass. If the male touched her, she seemed to repel 
him by raising one of the third pair of legs. At 6*45 
the sun was setting, and I had to go, so I boxed them 
both. The male was perhaps just beginning to relax his 

"September 7. — Below Weisshorn Hotel. A male 
waa stridulating and following a female, and was more 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. PART 11. (jUNE IST.) 17 

250 Professor Edward B. Poulton on the 

successful in finding her again than any other species I 
have observed. At 5*30 the male jumped on the 
posterior part of the female's body, his legs round her 
tegmina. In this position he continued to stridulate 
although at rare intervals (he did so at 5"50). The 
female carrying the male shifted backwards moving her 
abdomen. She seemed to have some difficulty in expelling 
ffEceSj and this was apparently the cause of the movement. 
The male stridulated, and then at G'O, without having 
copulated^ he quitted the female, stridulated, and went 


The large black males were common just below the 
hotel, and on some slopes below the Bella Tola, where 
Stethophyma fuscum ahounded. Their red under wings 
were very conspicuous when flying, the characteristic 
rattling sound still further attracting attention to them. 
The larger brown, toad-like females, with smaller wings, 
are probably unable to fly. 

I never saw the sexes together ; but after I had left, 
F. Jenkinson kindly sent me the following notes : — 

" September 5. — When the male finds himself near a 
female, he utters a double ' twitter ' (once a twitter and 
then a trill), and moves excitedly. In one case I saw 
him leap on the back of a female, but presently he left 
her of his own accord. 

" At 3 p.m. I came across a pair in coitu, but the male 
disengaged himself by vigorous movements of the third 
legs. They remained for a long time within two inches 
of each other, but nothing happened. I made the female 
jump away, caught her, and put her in the male's way. 
He at once became excited, and twittered, but the female 
escaped. This occurred more than once, when I lost 

" A male, disturbed as I came home (about 6'45 p.m., 
when the sun was setting), hopped vigorously, but did 
not open his wings." This latter observation is of inte- 
rest, because the males always took to flight, when dis- 
turbed,, on other occasions. 

" September 7. — On placing the female near the male, 
he became excited, and made a twittering sound with 
his legs. The female, in moving oS", showed the red 

Courtship) of certain European Acridiidce. 251 

under wingSj but even in the open path, the male seemed 
to lose her at once. In another case, when the female 
came near, the male jumped right away/^ 

It is noteworthy that most of the observations upon 
the last-named two species were made late in the afier- 
noon, when the sun was losing its power. 

CEdipoda ccerulescens. 

I had long wished to study the courtship of these 
beautiful insects, but there were none round the Weiss- 
horn Hotel. Lower, at San Luc (5390 feet), they began 
to appear, and still lower, at Vissoye (4006 feet), and all 
along the main valley road, they were excessively abun- 
dant. They are always difficult to observe, because they 
haunt places where the combination of direct heat with 
that reflected from rocks or bare slopes, is almost un- 
bearable. I had no time to observe them until we had 
come down to Fribourg. 

September 9. — These insects were very abundant in a 
large gravel pit, just outside the gate of the town, on the 
road to La Roche. There is little doubt that they be- 
longed to the above-named species. They were very lively, 
continually flitting about over the bare earth and gravel. 
They are very shy, and it is necessary to keep perfectly 
still in the intolerable heat, in order to watch their habits. 
I noticed that the males move their third legs as if in 
stridulation, but that no audible sound was emitted. 
There is an apparent lack of intention and eflbrt about 
their movement which suggested that the habit is pro- 
bably only a vestige, and possesses no other significance. 
The legs were raised, and seemed to be allowed to drop 
by their own weight. Furthermore, these strokes were 
not repeated at regular intervals, but quite irregularly, 
and often singly. In this case I did not secure any 
material, and therefore cannot speak with any confidence ; 
but I anticipate that the legs will be found to be without 
the sound-producing structures. 

A female remained motionless on the ground near to 
me. She was much larger than the males, and the ex- 
posed surface of her body and wings was of a redder 
brown. The males were extremely acute in detecting 
her presence, although she made no movement, and 
looked exactly like a part of the ground. Whenever a 

252 Prof. E. B. Poulton on European Acridiidx. 

male perceived her, he instantly approached without any 
preliminary courtship, leaped upon her back, i-emaiiied a 
few seconds, and then voluntarily left her. The female 
did not make any apparent movement, although I saw 
quite half-a-dozen males leap upon her in the course of 
a few minutes. The males never met near her, and I 
saw no signs of any fighting. I could not tell whether 
there was any actual pairing, but it is improbable that 
this could have occurred in so short a time. It is likely 
that the males found that she was in some way unfit for 
pairing, and then left her. I have already implied that 
there was no special display of the beautiful blue under 
wings for the benefit of the female. 

I trust that I may be able to make further observations 
upon these beautiful and interesting iusects at some later 

XI. On the Dlptera of St. Vincent {W^st Indle.s). By 
Professor Samuei, Wendell Williston. {Doli- 
cliopodldx and Phori.dcfi, by Pkofkssor J. M. 
Aldkich.) Communicated by David Sharp, M.A., 
r.R.S , on behalf of the Committee for investigat- 
ing the Flora and Fauna of the West Indies. 

[Read March 4th, 189(3.] 

Plates VIII., IX., X., XI., XII., XIII. and XIV. 

[This paper is a Hat, accompanied with descriptions, of 
the Diptera found in the island of St. Vincent, by Mr. H. 
H. Smith, the well-known American entomologist, who 
was sent to the islands by F. D. Godman, Esq., F.R.S., 
to assist the Committee in its investigations. Some 
general remarks by the Author will be found at the end 
of the paper. A second memoir, treating of the Diptera 
of the neighbouring island of Grenada, will, it is hoped, 
be almost immediately ready for publication, the present 
instahneut having been in the hands of the Committee 
for upwards of two years. — D. S.] 



Loew, Dipt. Beitr., iv., 20, 1850. 

1. Dijplosis pictijyes, n. sp. 

(5' . Face yellow. Antennis as long as the wings, yellow, the 
joints alternately double, with their petioles as long as the thicicened 
portion. Mesonotura opaque red ; two slender stripes and the 
middle portion behind yellow. Abdomen reddish-yellow. Legs 
black ; the distal two-fifths of the front femora, the immediate 
tip of the hind femora, the tip of the hind tibiaB ; a broad i-ing on 
the second, third, and fourth joints of all the tarsi, and the 
terminal portion of the fifth joint, light yellow. Wings with 
black hair, forming irregular markings ; third vein gently curved, 
terminating just beyond the tip of the wing. Length 1| mm. 

Four specimens. 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART III. (SEPT.) 18 

254 Professor WilHston on the 

2. Viijlosif^, pp. (PI. VIII., fig, 1, wing.) 

$ . Antennae about as long as the wings ; all the joints single, 
the petioles a little shorter than the thickened portion. Yellow, 
the mesonotum somewhat brownish, the abdomen, tibiaj, and tarsi 
iufuscated. Wings nearly hyaline, black haired. Length H mra. 

3. DipJosis, sp. 
$ . Very much like the preceding species, but with each alter- 
nate joint of the antenute double. 

4. ? Diplosis, sp. (PL VII r., fig. 2, wing.) 

Two specimens, with the antennfe incomplete, I refer 
doubtfully to this genus. The antenniis are not petio- 
lated, and resemble those of Asphoiidulia, but have the 
joints provided with long hairs, as in this geous. 


Rondani, Dipt. Ital. Prodri, 1856. 
1. Winnertzia, sp. (PI VIII., fig. 3, wing.) 
Two specimens, male and female ; both injured. 


Meinert, Natur. Tijdschr., 3 P., iii., 150, 1864. 

1. Miastor, sp. (PI. VIII., figs. 4, wing ; and 4a, part of 

A single specimen of a species which seems to present 
all the essential characters of this genus. The wings 
have the first and third veins distinct, but lack the 
posterior forked cell. The legs are short and not slender. 
The tibiae are as long as the first two joints of the tarsi 
together, and the first joint is a half longer than the 


Karsch, Revision der Gallmiicken, p. 15, 1878. 

1. Haplusia, sp. (PI. VIII., fig. 5, wing.) 

A single specimen of a minute species shows evident 
relationship to this genus, though I am not fully satisfied 
that it should be located in it. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 255 

The neuration is very nearly the same as that of the type species 
(comp. Karsch, /. c, fig. 1). The first joint of the tarsi is about 
one-third of the length of the second joint, which is as' long as all 
the other joints together. The fifth joint is widened, somewhat 
disk-like,andisaslongas the preceding joint. The head is wanting. 
The colour of the remainder of the insect is light yellow, with the 
mesonotum brown. Length about | mm. 

Trichopteromyia, n. g. 
Allied to D'/nmyza (in Schiner's sense), but the first and third 
longitudinal veins are not crowded together anteriorly, the third 
vein terminating at the tip of the wing. Wings broad, very hairy ; 
proximal section of the third vein straight, the distal section 
nearly straight ; pref urea of forked cell scarcely longer than the 
sixth vein. Antennae with the joints distinctly petiolate ; the 
distal portion of the antennis in both specimens is wanting. 
Metatarsi longer than the following two joints together. 

The genus Diomyza is, as yet, not well known, and I 
do not feel quite sure of its distinctive characters. As 
Schiner defines it, it differs from Lasioptera only in the 
elongate metatarsi. However, there has been much 
confusion in the application of the name Diomyza, as 
Karsch has shown (Revision der Gallmucken, p. 13), 
and it may be that the name will have to be abandoned. 
The present genus seems to be the only other oue known 
with elongate metatarsi, in which the fifth vein is forked. 

1. Trichopteronii/ia modesta, n. sp. (PI. VIII., figs. 6, 
wing ; Qa, tarsus ; 66, part of antenna.) 

9 . Reddish-yellow, opaque ; the pleurae, venter, and legs 
yellow ; the front and tip of abdomen blackish, the metanotum 
brownish. Antennae brownish-yellow, with black hair. Wings 
hyaline beneath the dense blackish hair. Length nearly 2 mm. 

Two specimens. 


Moigen, Illiger's Mag., ii., 261, 1803. 

1. Macrocera concUma, n. sp. (PI. VIII., fig. 7, wing.) 

^ , $ . Yellow. Mesonotum with three brown stripes ; wings 
cinereous, with a large central brown spot, a spot at the tip of the 
thickened first vein, the tip of the wing and a small cuncate spot 

256 Professor Williston on the 

iu the first basal cell. Length 4-5 mm. ; of the antennfe, male, 
16 mm. ; female, 7 mm. 

^. Head light yellow, the ocelli black. Antennae about four 
times the length of the body ; brownish, toward the base brownish- 
yellow. Palpi brown. Mesonotum yellow, with three brown 
stripes, the middle one extending to the collar, the lateral ones 
abbreviated in front and turned downwards to connect with a 
vertical brown stripe on the pleurae. Pleui-ae light yellow, with a 
brown spot in front of the halteres, in addition to the vertical 
stripe, which extends to the middle coxae. Scutellum and meta- 
notum brown. Abdomen yellow, the proximal segments some- 
what infuscated toward their base ; hair black. Legs light yellow ; 
tarsi infuscated ; front tibiie suddenly dilated at their tip. Wings 
cinereous hyaline ; a dark brown spot at the junction of the third 
and fourth veins, extending back to the angle of the posterior 
basal cross-vein ; a similarly coloured spot at the tip of the first 
vein, reaching across the third longitudinal vein ; the tip of the 
wing is broadly brownish, and there is a small brown spot in front 
of the fourth vein, opposite the tip of the auxiliary vein ; anterior 
cells yellowish ; anterior branch of the third vein oblique and 

$ . In the single female specimen, the colour is more reddish- 
yellow, "the abdomen is red with the posterior margin of the 
segments yellow. Antenuiii only about twice the length of the 

Seven specimens. Sea level, and 1000 feet. This 
species seems to be related to M. mcoucinna, Loevv, but 
differs especially in the markings of the thorax. 

Meigen, Illiger's Mag., ii., 264, 1803. 

Tahle of Spix'irp. 

1. The anterior branch of the third vein terminates in the 

first longitudinal vein parru, n. sp. 

The anterior branch of the third longitudinal vein termi- 
nates in the costa beyond the end of the first vein . 2 

2. Wings with brown spots 2)ictipennis^ n. n'lt. 

Wings uniformly infuscated ?> 

.3. Auxiliary vein very short igiiohib's, n. sp. 

The auxiliary vein terminates opposite the origin of the 

third longitudinal vein faxciroifris, n. sp. 

Diptcra, of St. VUu-eut {Wed Indies). 257 

1. PUifijura iKirva, n. sp. 

$ . Antennae brownish-yellow, shorter than the thorax. 
Posterior part of the mesonotum, the narrow lateral margins, 
and three slender stripes, brown or black ; elsewhere the thorax 
is yellow, ^ave two spots on the pleurae, and the metanotunt) for 
the greater part, which are black. Abdomen cylindrical, black, 
the venter and immediate base yellowish. Coxae and legs yellow ; 
the terminal portion of the tibije, and the tarsi, brownish ; meta- 
tarsi about three-fourths of the length of the tibiae ; all the tibite 
with a single spur and without spines. Wings lightly tinged ; the 
anterior branch of the third vein terminates in the first vein near 
its tip. Length 2|-3 mm. 

Two specimens. 

2. Plati/ura iynuhilis, n. sp. (PI. VIII., fig. 9, v^ring.) 

^ . Base of antennae and the face yellow ; front and occiput 
blackish. Thorax reddish-yellow, the dorsum with black hair 
arranged in distinct rows, Scutellum and metanotum brownish. 
Abdomen brownish-yellow, with black hair. Legs yellow, the tarsi 
infuscated ; front metatarsi not more than three-fourths the length 
of the tibia3. Wings uniformly subinfuscated ; the anterior branch 
of the third vein is nearly rectangular, terminating in the costa. 
Length 3-4 mm. 

S. Platyura 'pict'ipennif>', n. sp'. (PL VIII., fig. 10, vising.) 
^ , $ . Front and face yellowish or brownish, the palpi darker 
coloured. Antennai brownish, about as long as the thorax, mode- 
rately compressed. Thorax yellow ; the dorsum, save a yellowish 
spot or stripe in the middle, and the yellow lateral margins, brown 
or black ; disk and sides of the metanotum brown. Abdomen 
brown or blackish-brown, the posterior margin of each segment 
yellow. Legs, including the cox^, yellow, the distal portion of the 
tibiae, and the tarsi, brownish ; tibiae without spines ; front tibiae 
and metatarsi of nearly equal length, the hind metatarsi shorter 
than their tibiae ; all the tibife with a single spur. Wings nearly 
hyaline, with markings as follows : a large brown spot, reaching 
from the costa to the fifth vein, over the prefurca ; another of about 
the same size in the outer part of the first posterior cell ; and 
smaller ones in all the cells on the posterior side of the wing ; the 
anterior branch of the third vein runs into the costa a little beyond 
the tip of the firist vein. Length 'd-3k mm. 

Six specimens. 

258 Professor Williston on the 

4. Platyura fasciventris, n. sp. (1^1. VIIL, fig. 11, wing.) 

$ . Head and basal joints of the antenuee reddish-yellow, the 
distal joints of the antennae black or brownish-black ; the oval 
ocellar spot black. Front broad, the orbits emarginate. Thorax 
reddish-yellow ; the dorsum red, with four brown stripes, sometimes 
feebly marked or obsolete. Abdomen red, or reddish-yellow, with 
a black band of variable width at the posterior part of each seg- 
ment ; venter yellow. Coxee and femora light yellow ; tibise 
yellow, the tarsi brownish ; tibise without spines ; metatarsi about 
as long as their tibise ; all the tibiae with a single terminal spur. 
Wings uniformly brownish ; anterior branch of the third vein 
oblique, terminating in the costa. Length 5-6 mm. 

Three specimens. The antennas are about as long as 
the dorsum of the thorax. 


Bosc, Actes de la Soc. d^Hist. Nat. de Paris, i., 1, 42, 

1. Ceroplatus hmgimanus, n. sp. (PI. VIIT., fig. 12, wing.) 

$ . Mesouotum with yellow and black stripes. Abdomen black, 
with yellow lateral spots. Length G mm. 

Face yellow, very narrow. Palpi and first two j^jints 
of the antennse yellow ; remainder of the antennas dark 
brown. Antennae about as long as the dorsum of the thorax. 
Front narrow, the sides gently convex, black, except on the lower- 
most portion ; the two large ocelli about equidistant from each 
other and from the margins of the eyes. Occiput black. Thorax 
yellow ; the dorsum with three broad black stiipes, enclosing two 
narrow yellow stripes, which are convergent posteriorly ; the 
median stripe enclosing a slender yellow stripe, which does not 
reach beyond the middle ;a large rounded spot on the mesopleuroB, 
another below it on the mesosternum, and the sides of the meta- 
notum, dark brown or black, the middle of the metanotum 
brownish ; scutellum brown. Abdomen slender, cylindrical, dark 
brown ; each segment, save the first and last, with an elongate 
yellow spot on each side, reaching two-thirds of the way to the hind 
margin ; genital organs yellow. Coxas light yellow, the hind pair 
with a brown spot ; femora yellow, the base of the middle and 
hind pairs brown ; tibiae yellowish-brown ; tarsi brown ; no bristles 
on the front femora ; front metatarsi about two and a-half times 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indleii). 259 

the length of the tibife ; middle metatarsi a fourth or a third 
longer than the tibise ; the hind pair scarcely longer ; hind tibiae 
with two spurs. Wings tinged with brownish ; the anterior branch 
of the third vein runs into the costa. 

One specimen. " Cliff over mountain stream, under 
overhanging rock, Sept. 1000 feet.^' — H. H. Smith. 


Osten Sacken, Cat. Dipt., p. 10, 1878, vice Glapliy- 
roptera, Winuertz, Pilzmiicken, 145 (781), 18Go 

1. Neoglap)hijroptera vitens, n. sp. (PI. VIIL, fig. 13, 


(^ , 9 • Mesonotum shining black ; wings infuscated. Length 
4 mm. 

Front black or blackish, yellow on the lower part. Face yellow. 
Antenna) blackish, the basal joints yellowish, about as long as the 
thorax. Mesonotum, scutellum, and metanotum shining black, the 
bristles of the same colour. Pleurae yellow in front ; reddish- 
brown behind. Abdomen slender ; shining black or deep brown, 
the proximal segments in front yellow or yellowish ; venter yellow. 
Tuberculum of halteres black. Coxae yellow ; femora nearly of the 
same colour ; hind femora at the tip blackish ; tibice brownish- 
yellow; tarsi brown ; front tibiae shorter than the metatarsi ; 
middle tarsi nearly a half longer than their tibise ; hind tibiae and 
tarsi of nearly equal length. "Wings infuscated, the apex tinged 
with blackish ; a brown spot at the origin of the cross-vein. 
Middle and hind tibite with stout spurs. 

Six specimens. 1000-1500 feet. In some of the 
specimens the face is brown, the front wholly black, the 
posterior part of the pleuraa black, and the abdomen, for 
the greater part, of the same colour. The species must 
be nearly related to N. ventralis, Say, but the infuscated 
wings and the absence of a distinct terminal fascia, seem 
ample to distinguish thetn. 

2. Neoylaphyroptera concinna, n. sp. 

$ . Mesonotum reddish-yellow. Length 4 mm. 

Antenna about as long as the thorax, brown or blackish, the 
basal joints yellow. Front and face, like the thorax, reddish- 
yellow. Bristles and ver j short hair of the thoi\ix black. Abdo- 

260 Professor Williston o7i the 

men reddish-yellow ; each segment with a large, subtriangular, 
black spot, the base directed posteriorly and the apex reaching 
nearly or quite to the anterior margin ; last segment wholly black. 
Legs yellow, the tarsi brownish ; front metatarsi longer than the 
tibiffi ; middle tarsi a third longer than the tibife ; hind tarsi of 
about the same length as the tibiae. Wings tinged with brownish; 
an indistinct band across the outer part, and a similar spot at the 
base of the anterior forked cell. 

Four specimens. 

ManotAj n. g. 

Head flattened, placed rather high as regards the thorax ; face 
and front broad, the autennje situated high up, directed upwards 
and forwards ; composed of sixteen joints closely united, the basal 
joints a little differentiated from those of the flagellum. Three 
ocelli of nearly equal size, situated near the vertex, in a gently 
curved line, the lateral ones about as far from the inner borders of 
the eyes as from the middle one. Palpi composed of three joints, 
elongate, the terminal joint slender and directed angularly back- 
wards. Dorsum of thorax moderately convex ; scutelhim with short 
bristles. Abdomen slender, flattened cylindrical. Femora stout, 
flattened ; front and middle tibiae with one, the hind tibite with 
two spurs ; hind tibiae and metatarsi with a row of short bristles 
on the outer side ; all the tibite without long bristles ; coxaj elongate. 
Wings longer than the abdomen ; auxiliary vein rudimentary ; the 
first vein terminates before the middle of the wing ; third vein 
not furcate ; fourth vein wanting, save the distal portion of its 
branches ; fifth vein furcate near the basal portion of the wing ; 
the costa extends a considerable distance beyond the termination 
of the third vein. 

As in the following genus, the proximal portion of the 
tvi^o outer veins is so w^holly obliterated that it is impos- 
sible to trace them. 

1. Manota defecta, n. sp. (PI. VIII., fig. 14.) 

$ . Antennae brown, densely pubescent, reaching nearly to the 
middle of the abdomen if bent backward. Face and front 
brownish-yellow. Mesonotum reddish or yellowish- brown, finely 
white pubescent. Pleurae a little lighter coloured. Coxae and 
femora light yellow, the middle coxae near the upper part with a 

Diptera of SL Vincent {West Lulled). 261 

small, oval, black spot ; tibise yellow, the tarsi more brownish. 
Abdomen brown or blackish above. Wings tinged with brownish- 
Length 2-2^ mm. 
Six speciaiens. 

Probol.?:cs, n. g. 

Proboscis more than half of the length of the body, slender, 
directed downwards and forwards, composed of five slender 
bristles ; palpi wanting. Antennae sixteen-jointed, compressed, 
the joints closely set together ; first two joints only a little 
differentiated from the others. Head composed almost wholly of 
the eyes ; face very narrow ; front narrow below ; eyes pubescent. 
Thorax strongly convex, nearly bare, a few short bristles on the 
sides. Scutellum small, with about six small bristles. Abdomen 
slender, elongate, longer than the wings ; male organs composed of 
a pair of simple, fleshy forceps. Four anterior legs very slender ; 
hind legs stouter and much elongate, the femora thickened, and 
the tibiae clubbed. Xeuration defective ; third vein entirely 
separated from the first, and without anterior branch ; proximal 
portion of the fourth and fifth veins wholly invisible ; sixth vein 
complete. The costa reaches a considerable distance beyond the 
tip of the third vein. 

This genus is remarkable in the apparently entire 
absence of the palpi. The closest examination of our 
three specimens has failed to reveal any trace of them. 
The labium, or sheath for the other mouth-parts, is 
quite rudimentary. In the wings there is not the 
faintest trace of the proximal portions of the fourth and 
fifth veins ; those portions that are present are by no 
means weak. An equally minute examination fails to 
show the ocelli, though I will not be positive that they 
are not present. The presence of tibial spurs, the 
moderately elongate coxeb, and the generiil relationship 
to other species of the family, especially Gnoriste, seem 
to prove the correct location of the genus here. 

1. Probolivus sinrjuJaris, n. sp. (PI. VIII., figs. 15, wing ; 
15a, head ; 15/>, mouth-parts ; loc, hypopygiura.) 

$ . Front, face and occiput black. Antennae brown, the basal 
joints somewhat yellowish. Mesonotum opaque deep reddish- 
brown, the humeri and postalar callosities yellowish. Pleurae 
brown or yellowish-brown, shining. Abdomen black, the first 

262 Professor Williston on the 

segment and a posterior band on the second, third and fourth 
segments yellow. Halteres yellow. Wings nearly hyaline, lightly 
clouded on the outer part. Legs, including coxae, light yellow ; 
the tarsi and the thickened portion of the hind tibiae infuscated 
or blackish. Length 4-5 mm. 

Three specimens. " Forest, 1800 feet, west slope of 
Sonfriere, Sept. 23.^^ — H. H. Smith. 


Osten Sacken, Cat. Dipt., 1878, p. 9, vice Emphcria, 
Winnertz, Pilziio., 1U2 (738), 1863 (preoc). 

1. Neoemjjheria maculi2:)e7ir,is, n. sip. (PI. VIII., fig. 16, 


$ . Wings with brown markings ; anterior branch of third 
vein situated a little beyond the furcation of the fourth vein. 
Length 5 mm. 

Antennai about as long as the head and thorax together ; the 
basal joints light yellow, the remainder with a brownish tinge. 
Palpi brown ; front and face yellow ; mesonotum, except the 
lateral margins, light brown, with black hair and bristles ; indis- 
tinctly striped ; moderately shining. Pleurae, coxas and femora 
light yellow. Scutellum, except at its base, light yellow, and with 
two bristles on its margin. Abdomen light yellow, each segment 
with a large black or brown spot, not reaching the hind margin. 
Tibiae and tarsi yellow, but appearing blacki-h from the abundant, 
short, black hair ; front tarsi more than twice the length of their 
tibife. Wings nearly hyaline, with the following markings : the 
tip of the subcostal cell and the submarginal cell beyond the 
anterior branch of the third vein, and the proximal end of the 
first posterior cell, brown ; a more distinct brown spot clouding 
the costal cross-vein, the basal section of the third vein, the base 
of the first posterior cell, and, more diffusely, along the posterior 
branch of the fourth vein, to connect with a spot running from 
the first posterior cell into the hindmost posterior cell ; a smaller 
biownish spot in the axillary angle ; costal and subcostal cells 
yellowish ; costa produced beyond the tip of the third vein ; 
anterior branch of the third vein situated a little beyond the 
furcation of the fourth vein. 

Four specimens. 1000 feet. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 263 

Meigen, Syst. Besclir., i., 245, 1818. 

1. Sciophila dllida, n. sp. (PL VIIL, fig. 17, wing.) 

$. Reddish yellow ; abdomen brown. Length 3 mm. 

Antenna; about as long as the head and thorax together, some- 
what compressed ; light brown, the basal joints yellow. Front and 
face brown or brownish-yellow, palpi brown. Thorax, coxas and 
femora reddish or luteous yellow; mesonotum brownish-yellow, 
with black hair and bristles. Abdomen brown or yellowish-brown, 
with black hairs. Tibiae brown ; tarsi blackish ; front metatarsi a 
trifle shorter than their tibi« ; hind tarsi scarcely longer than the 
tibia3. Wings tinged with brownish ; the costal vein terminates at 
the tip of the third vein ; first submarginal cell very short ; fur- 
cation of the fifth vein very nearly opposite the origin of the third 

Two specimens. 

Winnertz, Pilzmiicken, 143 (779), ISGo. 

1. Phthinia fmudulenta, n. sp. (PL VIIL, fig. 18, wing.) 

^ . Brown or blackish and luteous ; wings hairy ; the auxiliary, 
first and third veins with distinct, short, bristly hairs. Length 
2|-3 mm. 

Antennte brown or blackish, the basal joints somewhat yellowish ; 
the joints of the flagellum closely set together, somewhat com- 
pressed. Front and face black or brownish-black. Mesonotum 
reddish-brown, shining, with black hair ; pleuras and coxae yellow. 
Abdomen reddish-brown or blackish, black at the tip ; venter 
yellow. Legs yellow, the tarsi brownish, becoming black at the 
tip ; spurs of tibia3 stout ; hind tibife with two rows of spiues ; 
front metatarsi distinctly shorter than their tibia; ; hind tarsi 
longer than their tibite. Wings tinged with blackish, due to the 
easily perceptible pubescence. 

Two specimens. 

2<34 Professor Williston on the 

Meigen, Illiger's Mag., ii., 263, 1803. 

Taijle of Species. 

1. Veiu between the outer part of the first basal cell and the 

second basal cell thickened iiodulosa, n. sp. 

Vein at outer part of first basal cell not thickened. ... 2 

2. Hind metatarsi distinctly shorter than the remaining 

joints together insipicnH, n. sp. 

Hind metatarsi about as long as the following joints 

together, n. sp. 

1. Mycetojyhila insipiens, n. sp. (PI. VIII., fig. 19, wing.) 

$ . Antennae about as long as the thorax, yellow : brownish 
toward the end. Front and face yellow. Mesonotum yellowish- 
red. Abdomen reddish-yellow ; each segment broadly brown on 
its posterior part. Legs, including the coxa3, light yellow ; front 
tibiaj about one-third of the length of the tarsi, and shorter than 
the metatarsi ; middle tibiae with two large and one small bristles 
on the inner side; middle and hind tibiaj M'ith spines on the outer 
side ; hind metatarsi distinctly shorter than the remaining joints 
of the tarsi together. Wings tinged with yellowish ; a small 
brownish cloud on the basal section of the tliird veiu. Length 
'2h mm. 

Six specimen,s. 

2. Mycetophila dolosa, n. sp. 

(^ . AntenniB brown, somewhat compressed, the basal joints 
yellowish. Front and face brown. Mesonotum dark brown, 
opaque, with a thin yellowish sheen in some reflections. Abdomen 
dark brown or black, the venter yellow Pleun^ yellowish-brown. 
<Jox8e and legs light yellow, the tarsi appearing blackish from 
the hair ; front tibia3 less than half of the length of the tarsi, and 
a little longer than the metatarsi ; hind tibiaj with two rows of 
spines on the outer side ; middle tibiie with spines on the inner 
side ; hind metatarsi nearly as long as the following joints together. 
Wings tinged with brownish. Length 2^-3 mm. 

3. 3Iyceto2)hila noduIosa,n. sp. (Pi. VIII., fig. 20, wing.) 

(J. Antennte brownish-yellow, the basal joints yellow ; longer 

than the head and thorax together. Front and face light 

Diptera of St. Vincent (Wr>^t Indies). 265 

ochraceous yellow. Palpi brown. Mesonotiim light ochraceous 
yellow, lightly white pruinose on the sides, and with blackish and 
yellow hair. Pleuraj brownish-yellow. Abdomen reddish-brown ; 
pubescence chiefly black. Legs yellow, the coxas and femora light 
yellow, the broad hind femora at the tip brown. Front tibiae about 
one-third of the length of the tarsi, and shorter than the metatarsi ; 
middle tibite with spines on the inner side ; hind tibial with two 
rows of spines on the outer side. Wings lightly tinged ; the outer 
part of the first section of the fourth vein, the anterior cross-vein, 
and the base of the second of the third vein, thickened, forming a 
straight spindle-shaped mass. Length 2| mm. 

Six specimens. 


Meigen, lUiger's Mag., ii., 263, 1803. 
Tahi.e of Species. 

1. First longitudinal vein reaching as far as the furcation of 

the fourth vein 2 

Fiist longitudinal vein not reaching as far as the furcation 

of fourth vein 4 

2. Insertion of third longitudinal vein nearer to the tip of 

the wing than is the tip of the posterior branch of 

the fourth vein f/ermami, n. sp. 

Insertion of the third and the posterior branch of the 

fourth vein equidistant from the tip of the wing . . ;j 

3. Black species concliDut, n. sp. 

Yellow species sp. (;j). 

4. Furcation of the fifth and sixth veins beyond the 

anterior end of the cross-vein, the angle very acute, 
the prefurca more than one-half of the length of the 

sixth vein 5 

Furcation of fifth and sixth veins opposite or before the 
origin of the cross-vein, less acute, the prefurca less 
than one-half the length of the sixth vein ft 

5. Mesonotum shining black dcJiilix, n. sp. 

Mesonotum yellow and brown iJclcctata, u. sp. 

6. Anterior branch of the anterior furcation strongly curved 

forward in its basal portion zi/ffoneum, n. sp. 

Anterior branch of the usual form 7 

7. Yellow or yellowish-red species sp. 

Black species eqna//<. n. sp. 

266 Professor Williston on the 

' 1. Sciara germana, n. sp. (PI. VIII , fig. 21, wing.) 

^ , $ . Head black, opaque, thiuly greyish dusted. Antennas 
black, with white pubescence ; first joint of the flagellum some- 
what yellowish. Thorax and halteres black ; mesonotum moderately 
shining, with three rows of short black bristles ; pleurse whitish 
dusted. Abdomen black or deep brown, venter on the sides 
yellow or red in the female ; male forceps large. Legs pitchy 
black. Wings blackish in front and along the veins, the cells 
posteriorly subhyaline. The first vein reaches a little beyond the 
furcation of the fourth vein ; the third vein reaches nearly to the 
tip of the wing. Length 5-7 mm. 

Numerous specimens. It is possible that this is the 
same as 8. nigra, Wiedemann, but the description is too 
brief to afford any certainty that such is the case. It is 
evidently closely related to ;S'. thomse, of Europe. The 
origin of the third vein is a little before the middle of 
the first vein. 

2. Sciara concinna, n. sp. 
5 . Front below the eyes and the face, brownish-red ; vertex 
and occiput black, somewhat shining. Anteunre black, shorter 
than the abdomen ; basal joints yellowish ; proximal joints of the 
flagellum with black jaubescence, that of the distal joints whitish. 
Thorax black ; humeri yellowish ; mesonotum moderately shining. 
Abdomen black, with black hairs ; venter yellow. Coxa3 and femora 
yellow ; tibi« brownish ; tarsi black. Wings uniformly smoky or 
blackish ; origin of the third vein a little before the middle of the 
first, which reaches as far as the furcation of the fourth vein; 
prefurca of fourth vein distinctly longer than the anterior branch ; 
tip of the third and of the posterior branch of the fourth veins 
e(iuidistant from the tip of the wing. Length 22-3 mm. 

Numerous specimens. The male diflFers only in having 
the antennae as long as the body. 

3. Sciara dehilis, n. sp. (PI. VIII., fig. 22, wing.) 

(J. Vertex shining black, with black hair; front and face 
reddish-brown ; palpi yellow. Antennae as long as the body, 
luteous yellow, but obscured by the black pubescence. Thorax 
light yellow, except the mesonotum and scutellum, which are 
shining black ; humeri luteous. Abdomen black, with black hair ; 
hypopygium yellowish. Coxae and femora light yellow ; tibia3 and 
tarsi brown. Wings smoky ; the third vein arises from beyond the 
middle of the first vein, which does not reach as far as the furcation 

Diptera of Sf. Vincent {West IncUes). 2G7 

of t,he fourth : tip of third and of the posterior branch of the fourth 
vein equidistant from the tip of the wing ; prefurca of fourth 
vein longer than, its branches; furcation of fifth vein beyond the 
origin of the anterior cross-vein, acute. Knob of halteres brown. 
Length 2^ mm. 

Eight specimens. 

4. Sciara delectata, n. sp. 
^ . Antennse black, with grey and black pubescence, the scape 
and first one or two joints of the flagellum yellow. Front and 
face brownish-yellow, the occiput yellow. Thorax yellow, the 
mesonotum with two elongated brown spots, and a median, less 
conspicuous brown stripe. Abdomen yellow ; each segment with 
a broad brown posterior band ; hypopygium large, light yellow, the 
forceps brownish. Legs light yellow, the tarsi infiiscated. Wings 
nearly hyaline ; neuvation nearly as in S. debiUs. Length 2 mm. 

Six specimens. Sea level, 1000. 

5. Sciara, sp. 

$ . Light yellow ; bristles and hair black, rather strong. 
Each segment of abdomen with a broad, posterior, dark-brown 
band. Tarsi infuscated. Wings nearly hyaline ; the first vein 
terminates nearly opposite, or a little before the furcation of the 
fourth vein ; the third takes its origin a little beyond the middle 
of the first vein ; tip of third and the posterior branch of the 
fourth vein nearly equidistant from the tip of the wing. Length 
3 mm. 

One specimen ; antennae wanting. 

6. Sciara zygoneura, n. sp. (PL VIII , fig. 23, wing.) 

$. Occiput and vertex shining black ; front below the 
eyes, and the face, opaque black. Scape and first three or four 
joints of the flagellum yellowish ; distal three joints white, with 
white pubescence ; remaining joints black, with black pubescence. 
Thorax black ; mesonotum shining, with two rows of short black 
bristles ; scntellum shining black, with bristles on its border. 
Venter and first two segments of the abdomen yellow ; remainder 
of abdomen black or deep brown with yellow incisures ; ovipositor 
black, lamellse yellowish ; knob of the halteres brown. Legs 
yellow, including the coxge ; terminal joints of the tarsi blackish ; 
the tarsi and tibiae obscured by short black hairs. Wings lightly 
brownish ; origin of third vein near the outer fourth of first vein ; 

268 Professor Williston on the 

termination of first vein at some distance before the furcation of 
the fourth ; prefurca of fourth vein about as long as the posterior 
branch ; anterior branch strongly curved forward in its anterior 
portion, as in species of Zijgoneura. Length 2 mm. 

Eigbt specimens. There are not more than one or 
two joints of the flagellum which are yellow in some 
specimens ; apparently, also the number of white joints 
at the tip may be limited to one. The humeri are some- 
times red. The abdomen, when not drawn out, appears 
almost wholly black in some specimens. 


Meigen, Syst. Beschr., vi., oO-t, 1830. 

1. Zijgoneura sciastica, n. sp. (PL VIII., figs. 24, 
wing ; 24ft, part of antenna.) 

$ . Dark brown, or blackish brown, opaque. Antennae as 
long as the body, its pubescence in some reflection grey. Legs 
luteous yellow ; tibias infuscated ; tarsi blackish. Wings nearly 
hyaline ; neuration as in the figure. Length 1-H mm. 

One specimen. 



Latreille, Hist. Nat. Crust, et Ins., xiv., 29 1, 1804. 

1. SiiriuUwm tarsale, n. sp. (PL VIII., figs. 25, 
wing ; 25a, front tarsus of $ .) 

$ . Abdomen black, the proximal segments opaque, the distal 
four segments shining. Length 2 mm. 

Front and face black, with a light grey reflection. Antennae 
yellow ; the distal joints somewhat brownish. Mesonotum deep 
black ; in front, opaque with a silvery shimmer, and with sparse, 
short, curly, golden-yellow tomentum ; behind, shining. Pleurte 
black, whitish pruinose. Abdomen black, the basal segments 
opaque, the distal four segments somewhat shining, and with a 
delicate whitish pruiuosity. Legs reddish-yellow ; tarsi black, 
except that the proximal half of the middle and hind metatarsi 
light yellow ; first and third joints of the front pair each with two 
long hairs ; second and third joints of the same pair dihited, the 

Biptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 269 

fourth and fifth very small ; hind metatarsi elongate and stoat, 
the following two joints a little dilated, the fourth and fifth 
small. Wings hyaline, veins yellow. 

Three specimens. 



Geoffroy, Hist. Nat. d. Ins., ii., 545, 1764. 
1. Scatnpse pijgmxa. (PL VIII., fig. 26, wing-.) 
Scatopse pygmxa, Loew, Centur., v., 13. 

Hah. District of Columbia. 

1^. Black, but little shining, the margins of the mesonotum, 
the scutellum, the pleurae in part, femora in part, knob of haltercs, 
and tip of abdomen somewhat lighter coloured or brown. The 
tibife in part, and the tarsi, yellow or yellowish. Antenna; black, 
stout, the joints closely united, and gradually increasing in width 
to very near the tip. Wings greyish hyaline, the anterior 
thickened veins dark brown, the others light yellowish ; the short 
veins do not reach nearly to the middle of the wing ; the short 
prefarca of the forked cell takes its origin nearly opposite the 
connecting cross-vein of the subcostal cell ; the branches of the 
forked cell are very long and strongly curved away from each 
other near the margin of the wing. Length 2 mm. 

One specimen. Loew's description agrees well with 
this specimen, still, the identity cannot be positively 
stated without comparison of specimens from the United 



Schiuer, Yerh. Zool.-Bot., Ges., 1866, p. 931. 

1. Paltostoma schineri, n. sp. (PI. VIII., figs. 27, wino- • 
27a, hypopygium ; 276, head of 6 .) 

^. Mesouotum without black spots. Length 2|-3 mm., of 
wings 5-6 mm. 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART III. (sEPT.) 19 

270 Professor Williston on the 

Front yellow or yellowish-red ; in width a little less than one- 
third of the head ; facets of the eyes uniform in size. Antennas 
brown or blackish, finely pubescent, composed of thirteen joints, 
of which the first two are swollen, and the third somewhat dilated. 
Palpi small, for the most part concealed. Proboscis nearly four 
times as long as the vertical diameter of the head. Eyes pube- 
scent. Thorax yellow or yellowish-red, the mesonotum a little 
darker in front, the pleurae with patches of silvery lustre. 
Abdomen dark brown, the basal segments more or less yellowish. 
Legs yellow, the femora with blackish bands on the distal half, 
the tarsi blackish towards the tip ; hind tibiie with spurs. Wings 
pure hyaline. 

Four specimens. The present species, thougli seem- 
hig to agree closely in its structural characters with 
P. sxiperhiens, Schiner, differs, aside from the markedly 
smaller size^ in the absence of black spots on the 
mesonotum. It is not at all improbable that our 
specimens are conspecific with those mentioned by 
()sten Sacken (Cat. Dipt., 197d, 17,218) as occurring in 

Sacl-eniella, n. n. — Since the appearance of my paper 
(Kansas Univ. Quart., i., p. 110) in which I described a 
new genus of this family, I have discovered that the 
name Snoiuia, there used, has been previously employed 
for a genus of Lepidoptera. I here therefore substitute 
Sacl-eniella in honour of Dr. C. R. Osten Sacken. 



Rul'. Desvoidy, Essai, etc., in Mem. de la [Soc. d^Hist. 
nat. de Paris, iii., 412, 1827. 
1. Megarrhina jportoricemis. (PI. A^ill,, fig. 28, head 
of $ ; 28(/, wing.) 

Megarrhina portoricensis, Roeder, Stott. Ent. Zeit., 
1S85, p. o37. — Porto Rico. 

Two specimens, male and female. Sea level. 

Di'ptem of St. Vincent {West Indies). 271 

Meigen, Sysfc. Beschr., i., 13, 1818. 

1. .'IjJdrs 'pcrtinans, n. sp. (PI. VIIL, figs. 29, antenna; 

29a, hypopygium.) 

(J , 9 • Face, basal joints of antennfe and base of proboscis yellow- 
ish ; antenna; and proboscis otherwise nearly black, the former 
only a little more hairy in the male than in the female, the 
tei-mical joint of the male only a little longer than the preceding 
ones. Mesonotum brown, thickly covered with dark brown 
squamulas ; pieurce yellow, with white tomentum. Abdomen deep 
brown, with bi-owu sqnamuliB ; venter yellow, with while gqua- 
mulie ; male forceps small, yellow. Legs deep brown ; the femora, 
and, in a less degree, the tibite showing the yellow ground-colour 
on the underside. Wings nearly hyaline ; veins uniformly brown 
squamulate. Length 3 mm. 

Six specimens. Sea level and 1000 feet. 

2. JEdesperturhans, o\ ? . (PI. VIIL, fig. 30, bead of ? .) 

^ , $ . Head black. Antenme brown : plumosity of. the male 
long, abundant and black ; terminal joint as long as the seven or 
eight preceding it together, and clothed with short hair ; in tlie 
female the joints are more slender, and the terminal one is not 
longer thm the two preceding it taken together, the verticils of 
moderate length. Proboscis black, as long as the abdomen ; palpi 
brown. Thorax yellow, the mesonotum a little darker, and 
cloth 'id with brown squamulje. Abdomen yellowish, brownish- 
yellow or brown, the terminal segments and the h3popygium 
brown or blackish ; clothed above with brown squamulje. Legs 
brown or blackish, the femora, for the most part, yellow, and 
with a purplish or greyish reflection in some lights ; in some 
specimens the tibia3 largely yellowish beneath the tomentum. 
Veins of the wings uuiformly dark-browu squamulate. Length 
4-5 mm. 

Eiglit specimens. 

H.EMAGOGUS, n. g. 

Allied to yEdes. Palpi short in both sexes ; five-jointed, the 
first and fifth small, the second nearly as long as the third and 
fourth togetlier. Anterior claws of mile iuequila!:jr,illy ur.i- 
pectinate ; of the female simple. 

272 Professor Williston on the 

1. H^^magogns sjphndens, n. sp. (PI. IX., figs. 31, head 
of ? ; 31a, palpus; 31^, claw of $ ; 31c, wing.) 

$ . In ground-colour deep black, the base of the femora, and 
the coxae in part, somewhat yellowish, Occiput, mesonotum aud 
scutellum wholly covered with brilliant green and coppery squa- 
niulas ; pleurte densely snow-white squamulate. Abdomen brilliant 
steel-blue, in some reflections black ; a spot on the sides of each 
segment snow-white. Legs blue, like the abdomen, shining black 
in some reflections ; the undersides of the femora, towards the 
base, with white squamula^. Wings hyaline, somewhat brownish 
ill front, squamula3 black, evenly distributed. Length 5 mm. 

Eight specimens. 1000 feet. The single male 
specimen was injured after the drawings were made. It 
does not appear to differ, however, from the female. The 
colouring must be much like that of Culex cyaneus, save 
of head and thorax. 

1. CnJex 7nosqiiito. 

Ctilejf, fasdaius, Wiedemann [nee Fabricius), Auss. 
Z'.v. Ins., i., 8. 

Culex 'iiiof^quito, Kob. Desvoidy, Culicides, etc., 390 ; 
Guerin et Percheron, Genera, etc.. Dipt., pi. ii, 
fig. 1; Macquart, Hist. Nat. Dipt., i., 35; F. Lynch, 
A., Dipt. Argent. Culicida?, 6U, pi. iii, fig. 1. 
■ Culex fratcr, Rob. Desvoidy, Culicides, etc. 

A single female specimen, to which Lynch's descrip- 
tion applies well, and whom I follow in the above-quoted 
synonymy. That 0. fasciatus, Fabricius, is different 
from C. fasciatus, Wiedemann, seems evident, but that 
the present species is the same as the latter is not so 
fully apparent to me. Wiedemann says that " An den 
vordern Fusswurzeln ist die aiisserste Basis der ein- 
zelnen Gheder schneeweiss,'' while it is only the first 
joint that is thus marked in this species. 

2. Culex, sp. 

Several specimens of a luteous species, which are too 
ill-preserved to describe. 

Di^ptera of St. Vincent ( West Indies). 273 



Meigen, llliger's Mag., ii., 2G0, 1803. 

Table of Species. 

1. Front metiitursi not more than one-and-a-half times the 

length of the front tibiae 3 

Front metatarsi two or more times the length of the tibite . "Z 

2. Wings spotted spilopteniH, n. sp. 

"Wings not spotted anonymun, n. sp. 

3. Dorsum of thorax yellow, with brown stripes forming 

a V lonr/inidnuH, n. sp. 

Dorsum not so marked 4 

4. Dorsum of thorax with dark brown spots . . iunocuus, n. sp. 
Dorsum yellow, or brownish yellow, not spotted .... 5 

5. Wholly light yellow sp. 6 

Abdomen brown or black lugnhris, n. sp. 

1. Chironomiis spilopterus, n. sp. (PL IX., fig. 32, wing.) 

S , 9 ■ Face and front yellowish brown. Basal joint of antennae 
brownish-yellaw ; flagellum brownish, the plumosity of the male 
blackish grey. Mesonotum brown or yellowish-bi'own, lightly 
■whitish dusted ; in well-preserved specimens brown vittate on the 
sides, and in front in the middle. Pleurae black, in part luteous. 
Scutellum yellow or yellowish-brown. Abdomen black, with 
yellowish hair ; in the male, slender ; in the female, broader, and 
with a whitish posterior margin to the segments. Legs yellow, 
with rather abundant yellow hair ; femora in part brown or 
brownish ; front tibite not more than one-half of the length of the 
front metatarsi. Wings whitish hyaline, with pale blackish spots, 
which are more distinct when seen obliquely, and situated as 
follows : One near the base, another near the middle, and a third, 
near or at the tip of the first posterior cell ; a streak near the 
middle, and a spot near the tip of the cell in front of the forked 
cell ; a spot on the posterior branch of the furcation, and one or 
two in the anal angle. Length lf-2^ mm. 

Eight specimens. 

274 Professor Williston o)i tJie 

2. Gliironomus anonymus, n. sp. 
1^ . Head red, or reddish-yellow, the front more yellow. 
Antenna} brown, the first joint red ; plnmosity at the tip blackish. 
Mesonotum light brownish-red ; two stripes and the humeri 
yellow ; seutellum light yellow. Pleuntj light brownish or reddish- 
yellow. Metanotum brown. Abdomen blackish, the first segment 
and the distal part of the next two or three segments yellow or 
yellowish. Legs yellow ; the immediate tip of the tibiae and the 
tip of all the tarsal joints dark brown ; proximal end of the front 
tibiae also brown ; front tibiae about one-half of the length of their 
metatarsi, and not longer than the second joint. Wings nearly 
hyaline. Length 4-5 mm. 

3. CJdronomus lonyimcmus, n. sp. (PI. IX. ^ fig. 33, wiug.) 

(^ . Head yellow. Antennae, save the basal joint, black or deep 
brown, the plumosity greyish-black. Thorax light yellow ; a 
blackish-brown stripe, running from in front of the root of each 
wing, and joining in the middle in front, forming a V-shaped figure ; 
below these stripes the sides of the mesonotum are of a purer 
yellow ; the metanotum and a spot below the halteres blackish. 
Abdomen yellow ; a black band on the posterior margin of the 
first and second segments ; the fourth segment, the posterior, or 
greater part of the fifth segment, and the hypopygium, black or 
dark brown. Legs yellow ; the base and tip of the four posterior 
femora, and the proximal end of their tibias brown ; front legs 
much elongate, the metatarsi about one-fourth longer than their 
tibiae. Wings nearly hyaline. Length 3-4: mm. 

Numerous specimens. 

4. Chironomns higuhris, n. sp. 
^ . Similar to CJ>. lo»f/linaiii(s, but differs in lacking the brown 
stripes of the mesonotum, which is uniformly light yellow, in the 
abdomen being uniformly brown, and in the femora being wholly 
light yellow. Length 3-4 mm. 

Six specimens. 

5. Chironomns innocuus, n. sp. 

^ . Head and basal joints of the autenn;* light yellowish ; palpi 

brown ; antenn;e brown. Thorax light yellow ; mesonotum with 

a broad brown stripe in the middle in front, and, on either side, 

an oval brown spot, the three separated, aad the middle stripe 

Di'ptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 275 

bisected, by a slender yellow stripe. Scutellum light yellow. 
Metanotum brown ; halteres brown. Abdomen black, with black 
hair ; the seventh and eighth segments light yellow, with yellow 
hair. Legs light yellow ; the extreme tip of the four posterior 
tibiae black ; distal joints of the front tarsi' in fuscated, as also the 
front tibiae ; front metatarsi about one-third longer than their 
tibiae. Wings hyaline. Length 3-4 mm. 

6. Chiroyiomus, n. sp. 

(? . Light yellow, the antennte brownish, and, rarely, the pos- 
terior part of the abdomen also brownish. Extreme tip of the 
four posterior tibiae black ; front metatarsi about one-fourth longer 
than their tibias. Wings hyaline ; anal angle only feebly indicated. 
Length 2-1h mm. 


Van der Wulp, Tijdscbr. voor Entotu., xvi., Ixx., 1874. 

1. Orfhocladlus dehllls, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. oi, wing.) 

$. Red or reddish-yellow. Plumosity of the antennas brownish- 
black. Mesonotum with three shining brown spots or stripes, 
narrowly separated. Abdomen slender ; each segment with a 
broM'n posterior band. Legs yellow ; front femora brown on the 
distal end ; front tibife light yellow on the proximal half or two- 
fifths, dark brown on the distal portion, about one-third longer 
than the corresponding metatarsi ; front tarsi infuscated ; the four 
posterior femora somewhat infuscated distally. Wings hyaline. 
Length 2|-.3 mm. 

Meigen, lUiger's Mag., ii., 2G1, 1803. 

1. Tanyjnts Jiaveolus, n. sp. 

$. Posterior forked cell not petiolate ; wings hairy; front 
metatarsi nearly as long as their tibias. Light yellow ; antenna3 
brownish, the plumosity grey ; abdomen somewhat infuscated to- 
ward the tip ; legs light yellow throughout, with rather abundant 
light yellow hair ; wings hyaline, clothed moderately densely with 
grey hair. Length 1 ^-2 mm. 

276 Professor Williston on tJte 

2. Tanypus indecisus, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. 35, wing.) 

^ , $ . Wings hairy ; posterior forked cell not petiolate ; front 
metatarsi shorter than their tibiaj. Head and basal joint of the 
antennae reddish-yellow ; palpi and the remainder of the antennae 
brownish-yellow ; antennal plumosity of the male grey, towards 
the tip blackish. Thorax reddish-yellow ; bare, opaque, with three 
slender, reddish-brown stripes in front, separated by ashy intervals ; 
on each side posteriorly with an elongate brown spot, the middle 
of which is ashy ; scutellum light yellow ; metanotum brownish- 
red. Abdomen slender ; opaque brown, the posterior angles and 
borders of the segments ashy ; the yellow of the venter some- 
times encroaches upon the brown of the dorsum ; sixth and 
seventh segments more distinctly yellow ; the seventh and eighth 
segments with the posterior portion blackish. liCgs yellow, less 
hairy than in T. flaveolus. Wings hyaline, moderately hairy. 
Length lj-2j mm. 

Meigen, Illiger's Mag., ii., 1803. 

Table of Species. 

1. Two subcostal cells, that is. the third vein is either con- 

tiguous or connected by a cross-vein with the first 

vein ?i 

One subcostal cell ; the third vein is distinctly separated 
from the first throughout its course, and is not con- 
nected with it by a cross- vein 2 

2. A small, round, black spot just back of the tip of the 

third vein pundipeiinis^ n. sp. 

No such spot veiiuHtulus, n. sp. 

3. Metatarsi shorter than the following joint ; wings hairy . . 4 
Metatarsi much longer than the following joint 

4. Antennae not longer than the mesonotum ; wings densely 

hairy eriophonis, n. sp. 

Antennae distinctly longer than the mesonotum .'> 

5. Abdomen banded ; hind metatarsi about one-half the 

length of the following joint . . . proj^inquus, n. sp. 
Abdomen not banded ; hind metatarsi about one-third the 
length of the following joint ; tarsi very slender 

flavus, n. sp. 

D'lptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 277 

C. The posterior branch of the fourth vein arises before the 
origin of the anterior cross-vein ; wholly deep black, 

loug/cornis, n. sp. 
The furcation of the fourth vein occurs beyond the cross- 
vein 7 

7. Wings bare, or hairy at the tip only H 

Wings hairy throughout, or nearly so lo 

8. Black species ; mesonotum shining ih/rsitrn, n. sp. 

Mesonotum not shining '.• 

0. Abdomen opaque black, with a slender yellow median 

stripe and incisures lititratu.s, n. sp. 

Abdomen without distinct markings 10 

10. Wings with distinct markings ; first and third veins indis- 

tinctly separable 11 

Wings without distinct markings sequax, n. sp. 

11 . Wings with three blackish spots along the costa, the other 

markings pale or obsolete . cZecor, n. sp. 

One blackish spot on the costa at the tip of the first vein, 

the other markings distinct 12 

12. Dorsum of thorax light opaque yellowish . phlehotuniK^, n. sp. 
Dorsum of thorax with numerous, rounded, dark brown 

spots on a yellowish-grey ground . . maculHhorux, n. sp. 

13. Deep black; mesonotum shining pygmceus, xi. np. 

Thorax yellow or brownish-yellow lotus, n. sp. 

1. Ceratopogon maculitliorax, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. o^, 

$ . Wings hairy at the tip ; third vein contiguous with the 
first, terminating at or near the middle of the wing ; fourth vein 
with a prefurca, though indistinct ; metatarsi as long as the fol- 
lowing joints together. Proboscis, palpi, face, front and basal 
joint of antenna) yellowish-brown ; proboscis slender ; second 
joint of palpi thickened. Antenna) yellow, not as long as the 
thorax. Mesonotum opaque yellowish-grey, with numerous, small, 
rounded, dark-brown spots on a yellowish-grey ground, hair not 
abundant or long, yellow. Scutellum yellow on the sides, brown 
in the middle. Halteres light yellow. Pleurae black and luteous, 
lightly greyish pruinose. Legs yellow ; all the femora, and the 
front and hind tibias with a broad blackish ring ; the immediate 
tip of the femora also blackish. Wings with pale brown markings 
with hyaline or whitish spots and streaks ; a spot at the tip of the 
first and third veins blackish. Length 2 mn:. 

One specimen. 

278 Professor Williston on iJie 

2. Ccrato'pogon j)\j(jm[eus, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. 37, win<^.) 

$ . Shining black ; wings hairy ; first and third veins closely 
approximated, terminating before the middle of the wing. Meta- 
tarsi nearly as long as the following joints together. Black ; 
antennas brown ; scutellum and halteres yellow, genital organs and 
legs luteous. Mesonotum shining. Abdomen opaque. Wings 
hyaline, sparsely hairy. Length 1 mm. 

Three specimens. Sea level. 

3. Ceratopofjon venustulits, n. sp. (P). IX., figs. 38, 

wing; 38a, front leg; o8h, palpus.) 

5 . The third longitudinal vein terminates in the costa 
towards the tip of the wing, distinctly separated from, and not 
connected by a cross-vein with, the first longitudinal vein ; front 
femora with spines on the inner underside : claws not denticulate, 
and without pulvilli ; wings bare. Deep black. Antennoe reddish- 
brown, slender ; if turned backward, reaching about to the middle 
of the mesonotum. Mesonotum deep shining black. Abdomen 
opaque, black, elongate. Halteres black. Legs black ; the base 
of the femora, and the tibise more or less yellowish ; first two or 
three joints of the tarsi yellow or luteous ; hind tibias with fine, 
not very long, black hairs on the outer side ; metatarsi slender, as 
long as the three following joints together. Wings nearly hyaline, 
bare. 1^-1? mm. 

Five specimens. Sea level. May. In one of the 
specimens, the legs are yellow throughout, but I do not 
distinguish other differences. It is possible that this 
species is the same as C. frivialis, Loew, but the 
difference in size and the colour of the tarsi render 
the identity doubtful. 

4. Ceratojyogon ])unctipennis, n, sp. (PI. IX., fig. 39, wing.) 

f^, ? . Wings bare ; one subcostal cell, the third vein is well 
separated from the first, and terminates beyond the middle of the 
wing ; prefurca of fourth vein obsolete or nearly so; first joint of 
the tarsi elongate, fourth short, fifth elongate ; pulvilli wanting. 
Plumosity of the male antennas yellow : terminal joints in both 
sexes black, the basal joint reddish. Face and proboscis dark 
brown ; palpi slender, the second joint elongate. Thorax black ; 
mesonotum opaque, with whitish pubescence, variable in different 
lights. Abdomen deep brown or black, with a whitish, variable 

Uiptera of 8t. Vincent {West Indies). 279 

pruinosity. Femora .and tibia? yellowish-brown or reddish-brown ; 
tarsi yellow, the tip of each joint brown or black ; all the femora 
on the upper side distally, and all the tibias on the outer side, 
most conspicuous in the hind pair, with black bristles. Wings 
nearly hyaline ; a rounded blackish spot back of the third vein at 
its tip, and a smaller one nearly opposite on the fourth vein. 
Length 3 mm. 

5. Ceratoporfon erinp]i(yrns, n. sp. (PI. IX., figs. 40, 
tarsus ; 40a, antenna; M)h, palpus.) 

$ . Wings densely hairy ; the third vein scarcely distinguishable 
from the first, and terminating before the middle of the wing; 
metatarsi about one-half of the length of the following joint, 
the last joint not elongate; pulvilli' hairy. Face, antenna? 
and palpi brown or black ; second joint of the latter mnch 
thickened, the third slender. Antenna? yellow, somewhat infuscated 
distally. Mesonotum dark-broAvn or black, opaque, and with 
abundant, light yellow hair ; scutellum like the mesonotum. 
Halteres light yellow ; pleuraa yellowish-brown. Abdomen stout, 
dark brown, the incisures narrowly yellowish ; clothed wdth light- 
yello«' hair. Legs yellow, with abundant, rather long, yellow hair. 
Wings hyaline beneath the dense, dark-coloured hair. Length 
H-2 mm. 

Four specimens. 1000-1500 feet. 

6. Cendopogon proiy'inqniis, n. sp. (PI. IX., figs. 41, 
tarsus ; 41a, wing.) 

$ . Wings hairy ; the third vein terminates about the middle 
of the wing, and is indistinctly separated from the first vein ; 
fourth vein with a prefurca, though indistinct ; first tarsal joint 
about one-half of the length of the second joint, the last joint not 
elongated ; pulvilli hairy. Head and antennae yellowy the latter 
somewhat infuscated distally, the plumosity blackish-grey. 
Second and third joints of the palpi enlarged. Metanotum opaque 
brown, more yellow^sh near the middle in front ; rather thickly, 
light-yellow, hairy. Abdomen slender, with abundant, and long, 
yellow pile ; anterior segments yellow, with a broad black band, 
which becomes successively broader till the last segments are 
wholly black. L- gs yellow, with long yellow hair ; the tip of the 
middle and hind femora, at least, and the pro.ximal end of their 
tibiae blackish. Wings nearly hyaline beneath the rather abundant 
hair. Length 21 mm. 

One specimen. 

280 Professor Willistou on the 

7. Ceratopogon flavus, n. sp. (PI. IX., figs. 42, wing; 

42a, tarsus.) 

^ . Wings hairy ; the third vein terminates distinctly before 
the middle of the wing, and is very close to the first vein ; fourth 
vein with a prefurca, though indistinct ; first joint of the tarsi 
aboat one-third of the length of the second joint, the fifth a little 
shorter than the fourth : pulvilli hairy. Face, proboscis, palpi, 
and antenniB yellowish, the last brownish toward the extremity ; 
the pluraosity blackish-grey. Thorax yellow, the mesonotum 
brownish-yellow, opaque, with light-coloured hair. Abdomen 
slender, in large part brown or blackish, its base and tip yellow ; 
hair of the venter long. Legs yellow, with long yellow hair ; the 
tarsi a little infuscated. Wings hyaline beneath the hair. Length 
2 mm. 

Ten specimens. Sea level, and IGOO feet. 

8. Cerato])ogun longicornis, n. sp. (PI. IX., figs. 43, 

wing ; 43a, antenna.) 

$ . Wings bare ; the third vein iterminates in the costa much 
beyond the middle of the wing ; two submarginal cells. The 
posterior branch of the fourth vein arises before the anterior cross- 
vein ; femora without spines. Antennas sknder, much elongate, 
if turned back, reaching to near the middle of abdomen, the distal 
four joints nearly equal in length to all the preceding 
together. Mesonotum deep shining black throughout ; pleurae 
lightly pruiuose. Abdomen elongate, shining. Legs black or deep 
reddish-brown ; femora not^thickened ; metatarsi slender, as long 
as the three following joints together. Wings nearly hyaline, 
narrow, with no perceptible anal angle. Length lr,-'2 mm. 

Three specimens. 500 feet. 

P, Ceratupogon iliersite,^, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. ii, wing.) 

^. Two subcostal cdh ; the third vein terminates beyond 
the middle of the wing ; wings bare ; prefurca of the fourth 
vein very short ; first joint of the tarsi elongate, last joint 
not elongate ; pulvilli hairy. Abdomen black, not shining, 
elongate, yellow at tip [and on the venter. Thorax black or 
reddish-brown, the ^mesonotum shining moderately through the 
sparse yellowish pubescence or pollen. Legs yellow ; the tarsi 
blackish at tip. AVings hyaline. Antennas brown or blackish, 
yellowish at base. Palpi and proboscis brown. Length h-'^ mm. 

Eight specimens. Sea level, and 1000 feet. 

Dipfem of St. Vincent {West Indies). 281 

10. Ceratopogon lituratus, n. sp. 

$ . Two subcostal cells ; the third vein tevmiaates beyond the 
middle of the wing ; pref urea of fourth vein short ; wings a little 
hairy on the distal margin ; first joint of the tarsi much longer 
than the second, the last joint not elongate. Proboscis yellow ; 
labium brown; face elsewhere, basal joints of the antennse, and 
the frontal triangle, yellow. Antennte brown or blackish on the 
distal portion, yellowish on the proximal part ; about as long as 
the mesonotum. Occiput yellow. Mesonotum opaque brown, the 
humeri and sides in front, the post-alar callosities, and the 
scutellum, light yellow ; halteres light yellow. Abdomen opaque 
blackish-brown ; the first segment, except a small spot on each 
side, the last segment, and a slender median stripe and the narrow 
posterior margin of each segment, light yellow. Legs yellow. 
Wings hyaline. Length 1 mm. 

Four specimens. 

11. Ceratopogon decor, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. 45, wing.) 

$ . Wings sparsely hairy ; the third vein terminates a little 
beyond the middle of the wing, and only a short distance from the 
tip of the first vein ; fourth vein wdth a prefurca ; metatarsi 
longer than the following joint ; pulvilli hairy. Antennse yellow, 
somewhat longer than the mesonotum ; face, proboscis, and palpi 
brownish-yellow. Mesonotum brownish-yellow, opaque ; the 
humeri, pleurae, and a part of the scutellum light yellow : pleurae, 
in part, black. Abdomen black, with yellowish incisures. Legs 
yellow ; all the femora at the tip, and a median ring on the hind 
pair, black Wings nearly hyaline, with three blackish spots along 
the costa, one at the outer part of the subcostal cell, another near 
the middle of the first posterior cell, and the third, less distinct, 
across the middle of the costal and first basal cell ; posterior part 
of the wings with paler markings, which, however, become distinct 
when seen obliquely. Length I5-2 mm. 

Three specimens. 

12. Ceratopogon phlebotomus, n. sp. (PI. IX., figs. 46, 
■wing; 46a, palpus.) 

$ . Third vein very close to the first, terminating in the costa 
about the middle of the wing ; wings infuscated, with whitish 
spots, hairy at the tip ; metatarsi distinctly longer than the 
following joint, about as long as the next two or three together ; 
pulvilli wanting. Antennae, face, proboscis and palpi black or 

282 Professor Williston on the 

dark brown, the anteunte not as long as the thorax. Thorax black ; 
mesonotum opaque yellowish pollinose, with three slender 
indistinct lines ; in the middle behind, whitish ; pleurae lightly- 
whitish pruinose. Abdomen opaque black, the anterior segments 
somewhat luteous ; the posterior margin of the segments very 
narrowly whitish, perhaps due to the drying. Legs luteous. 
Wings rather broaJ, tinged with brownish, leaving six or seven 
rounded, hyaline or whitish spots in the cells ; tip of the costal 
cell blackish. Length 1-1 5 mm. 

Four specimens, one of which bears the following' 
label, apparently in Mr. H. H, Smithes handwriting : 
''This is the common 'sand-flj' about the southern end 
of the island, but is not very troublesome. Bites late 
in the afternoon, before sunset; sometimes during the 
heat of the day.'' 

13. Ceratopogon lotus, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. 47, wing.) 

(J. Two subcostal cells ; the third vein unites with the costa a 
little beyond the middle of the wing ; wings hairy ; metatarsi as 
long as the three following joints together. Antennae brown, yel- 
lowish towards the proximal end. Proboscis yellowish. Mesonotum 
brownish yellow, with yellowish hair. Abdomen black or brownish 
black. Legs yellow, a little inf uscated towards the tip of the tarsi ; 
with light coloured hair ; pulvilli wanting. Wings hj'aline beneath 
the light coloured pubescence ; posterior branch of the fourth vein 
indistinct in its prosimal part. Length 1-1 ^i mm. 

Two specimens. 1000 feet. 

14. Ceratojoojon sequax, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. 48, wing.) 

^ . Two subcostal cells ; the third vein terminates distinctly 
beyond the middle of the wing ; wings bare ; prefurca of anterior 
fork short ; metatarsi as long as the two following joints together. 
AntenniB dark-brown ; yellowish on the proximal portion, the 
plumosity yellowish. Palpi and proboscis yellowish-brown. 
Thorax brown, the scutellum and sides of dorsum more yellowish ; 
only a little shining. Abdomen slender, dark brown. Legs 
luteous or yellow, with long hairs on the tibiae. Wings hyaline. 
Length I2 mm. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 283 



Latreille, Precis, etc- 179G. 

Table of Species. 

1. Wings with small dark spots at the tips of the veins, 

alternata, Say. 
Wings not with dark spots at the tips of the veins ... 2 

2. Black or dark brown, with dark hair . . . anteutialiii, n. sp. 
Light yellow, with white hair 3 

3. Wings very narrow, lanceolate .... (ingustipennis, n.sp. 
Wings of the usual shape pallens, n. sp. 

1. Psyclioda alternata. (PL IX., fig. 49, w^ing.) 

Psychoda alternata, Say, Lono^'s Exped., App., 358 ; 
Compl. Wr., i., 242 ; Wiedemann, Aus. Zw. Ins., 
i., 23; Williston, Entotn. News, iv., 114; Banks, 
Can. Entom., xxvi., 330. 

Hall. New England States ; Pennsylvania; South 
Dakota; Kansas. 

A single, injured, specimen seems to belong to this 
species, though I cannot be sure of the identity without 
examining better jDreserved specimens. 

2. Psychoda antennalis, n. sp. 

$. Black or dark brown, with dark hair. Antenna stout, the 
joints moniliform, about as long as the thorax. Wings with a 
distinct picture formed by the hairs, which are black, save an apical 
white fringe, and two subconfluent spots of the same colour beyond 
the middle on the outer side of two spots of denser black hair. Front 
legs black, the base of the metatarsi and the middle joints white. 
Length 1-1:^ mm. 

3. Psychoda pallens, n. sp. (PI. IX., figs. 50, hypopy- 
gium ; 50a, wing.) 

$ . Wholly light-yellow, with white or yellowish-white hair. 
Hair of the wings not long ; at the tip a minute blackish spot ; 
furcations approximated to the base of the wing. Antennas 
rather slender, not as long as the mesonotum, with rather long 
verticellate hairs. Legs moderately long ; tarsi rather stout. 
Length 1-lj mm. 

284 Professor Williston on the 

4. Psychoda angnstipennis,n. sp. (PI, IX., 6g. 51, wing.) 

$ . Yellow, with nearly white hair. Wings very narrow, 
acutely lanceolate, covered uniformly with long black hair ; a small 
tuft of white at the extreme tip ; another larger one on each side 
beyond the middle, and yet another toward the base on the pos- 
terior margin ; hair on the posterior margin long and abundant. 
Antennae light-yellow, about as long as the mesonotum ; sixteen- 
jointed, the basal joints darker, the following ones slender. 
Thorax and abdomen light reddish-yellow, the hair of the 
abdomen slightly intermixed with blackish. Legs rather stout, 
light-yellow ; the terminal joints of the tarsi somewhat infuscated. 
Length 1-1? mm. 


Walker, Ins. Brit., ii., 256, 1856. 

1. Pericoma alhifarsis, n, sp, (PI, IX., fig. 52, wing.) 

^ , $ . Black or brown, with black or dark-brown hair. All the 
tarsi white. Antennae slender, rather longer than the thorax ; 
brownish-yellow or brown, sixteen-jointed. Palpi elongate. Hair 
of the wings uniform in colour and uniformly distributed ; that 
along the hind border rather short. Terminal joiuts of the tarsi 
rather short, slightly infuscated. Length 1-1^ mm. 

Ten specimens. 


Haliday, Ent. Mag., i., 154, 1833. 

1. Geranomyia jpallida, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig, 53, wing,) 

$ 1 ^ . Front and vertex brownish-yellow, whitish pruinose. 
Antennae brown, the basal portion more or less yellow. Rostrum 
yellowish at the base, brownish on the distal part; nearly as long 
as the thorax and abdomen together. Thorax and abdomen light- 
yellow, the mesonotum in some specimens yellowish-red. Knob of 
halteres yellow. Legs yellow. Wings hyaline ; stigma distinct, 

Biptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 285 

brownish ; termination of the auxiliary vein at a distance beyond 
the origin of the second longitudinal vein about equal to the length 
of the first section of the third vein. Length 5 mm. 

Three specimens, leeNvard side, and at an altitude of 

lOOO feet. 

2. Geranomyia, sp. 
$ . Yellowish-red, the mesonotum with three, rarely distinct, 
slender, brownish stripes. Antennae somewhat infuscated. Head 
black, whitish pruinose. Antennae yellowish, or yellowish-brown. 
Proboscis black. Legs red ; the tarsi luteous. Wings nearly 
hyaline ; stigma small, distinct ; the auxiliary vein terminates 
opposite the origin of the second longitudinal vein. Knob of 
halteres brown. Proboscis as long as the abdomen. Length 5 mm. 

Six specimens. 

3. Geranomyia rostrata. 

Limnohia rostrata, Say, Journ. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil.^ 
iii., 22 ; Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., i., 35. 

Geranomyia rostrata, Osten Sacken, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Phil. 1859, 207 ; Monogr., etc., iv., 79. 

Hah. Atlantic States ; Canada ; Cuba. 

Two specimens, male and female, which agree fairly 
well with Oscen Sacken's description and observations. 
The brown stripes of the dorsum of the thorax are well 
marked, but the tip of the tibias is not black, and there 
are but four brown spots along the front border of the 
wing, as Wiedemann describes. 


Meigen, Syst. Beschr., i., 153 (122), 1818. 

1. Rhipidia hipectinata, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. 5I<, wing.) 

$. Antennae long, bipectinate ; thorax without brown 
stripes ; wings clouded, unspotted. Length 5 mm. 

Rostrum palpi and antennae black, the last long-bipectinate, 
beginning with the second joint of the flagellum. Mesonotum 
light opaque yellow in front ; in the middle, in front of the suture, 
brownish ; behind the suture, with two large brown spots. 
Pleurae brown ; a longitudinal, more blackish stripe, just below 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART III. (SEPT.) 20 

286 Professor "Williston cm tlie 

the root of the wings. Metaiiotum brown, yellowish on the sides. 
Abdomen dark brown, the forceps reddish. Halteres with a 
l»rown knob. Legs brown, the base of the femora yellowish. 
Wings nearly nniforraly clouded with blackish, the stigma darker ; 
termination of the auxiliary vein nearly opposite the proximal 
end of the submarginal cell. 

One specioien. 1000 feet. In this specimen the 
anterior cross-veiu is sit-uated nearly opposite the middle 
of the dis.-al cell. 

2. Rliijyidia un'rpedinata, n. sp. (PL IX., fig. 55, antenna.) 

$ . Brown spots along the anterior border of the wing; autenmo 
long-unipoctiuate ; halteres brown ; thorax with a brown stripe and 
a lateral brown spot. Length 5 mm. 

Rostrum, palpi and antennoe black. Flagellum of antennaj, 

except the terminal joints, unipectinate, the pectinations beginning 

Tvith the first joint and increasing in length to the seventh. Thorax 

^'ellow ; the dorsum with a median brown stripe, and, on 

■either side behind, a rounded yellow spot, leaving a yellow space 

between them ; these brown spots are continued on the scutellum, 

enclosing a small yellow spot. Plenraj with a slender, longitudinal 

forown stripe. Halteres brown. Metanotum brown. Abdomen, 

brown, the venter yellowish. Legs brown, the femora lighter 

coloured toward the base ; second, third, and fourth joints of the 

hmd tarsi light yellowish. Wings with a blackish tinge, with 

inconspicuous darker clouds along the anterior margin and on the 

cross-veins ; bafore and beyond the dark-brown stigma, a rounded, 

more hyaline spot ; apical portion of the costa more distinctly 

clouded ; insertion of the auxiliary vein a little beyond the middle 

of the prefurca. 

One specimen. 1000 feet. 

o. Rhi'pldia costalis, n. sp. (PI. IX., fig. 56, antenna.) 

$. Antennae bipectinate ; thorax not striped; costa with 
brown spots or clouds. Length 5 mm. 

Palpi, rostrum and antennae black, the latter bipectinate, but 
the pectinations shorter and more slender than in B. hipectlnato. 
Thorax brownish-yellow, the mesonotum opaque yellowish-red, 
with a spot in front, and two behind the suture, faintly brownish. 
Knob of halteres brownish. Abdomen reddish, with brown 
posterior borders to the segments ; forceps red. Legs browu ; the 

Dlptcra of St. Vincent {West Indies). 287 

tip of the slightly clavate femora yellow ; base of femora yellowish. 
Wings tiugod with brownish ; four large brown spots or clouds 
along the costa, the outermost one confluent with a brown cloud 
at the origiu of the third vein ; the outer cross-veins with brown 
clouds, and the distal costal portion more distinctly clouded ; be- 
tween the brown spotsalong the costa, the intervals are more purely 
hyaline ; termination of the auxiliary vein at or before the middle 
of the pre f urea. 

Two specimens. 1500 feet. 

4. Bhipidla suhpectinata, ii. sp. (PI. IX., fig. 57, wing; 
FI. X., tig. 57((, antenna of S .) 
^ . Antenuaj subpectinate in both sexes. Mesonotum con- 
spicuously lighter coloured on the sides ; wings with small dark 
spots. Length 4 mm. 

Head ochraceous yellow. Antennas yellow, slightly brownish 
at the tip. Palpi brown or blackish. Mesonotum on the upper 
surface yellowish-brown, or brownish-yellow, forming a long, 
subtriangular figure, the margins of which are dark brown ; just 
outside or below this line, couspicuously light yellow, extending 
in a nearly equal width from the root of one wing to that of the 
other ; below the light yellow band, near the upper part of the 
thorax, a narrow, longitudinal, nearly black stripe. Scutellum 
and metanotum light yellow ; the former with two spots, the latter 
with a median stripe and a lateral spot pale brown. Legs yellow, 
the two or three terminal joints of the tarsi black. Wiugs nearly 
hyaline, with small brown spots, as shown in the figure. 

Two males and two females. 1000 feet. The female 
scarcely differs from the male. 


Meigen, Syst. Beschr., i., 92, 1818. 
1. Liinnohia insular is, n. sp. (PI. X., fig. 58, wing.) 

$ . First longitudinal vein recurved to the second near its tip ; 
femora without brown rings. Length G mm. 

Front black. Antennae, palpi and rostrum brown. Thorax 
brownish red, the mesonotum shining; pronotum long, somewhat 
lighter coloured ; mesonotum with inconspicuous, narrow, brown 
stripes. Abdomen and halteres dark brown. Wings iufuscated, 
strongly so along the costa distally. Legs dark brown, the tar-i 
more yellowish, except the terminal joints, which are blackish. 

One specimen. 1000 feet. 

288 Professor Williston on the 

Meigen, Syst. Beschr., vi., 281, 1830. 

1. Rhamphidla albitarsis. (PI. X., figs. 59, wing; 
59a, hypopygium.) 
Bhamphidia albitarsis, Osten Sacken, Berl. Ent. 

Zeitschr., xxxi., 184, 1887. 
Hah. Porto Kico. 

Two specimens, male and female, agreeing -well vnih 
ths description. 


Osten Sacken, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil., 1859. 
1. Elephantomxjia longirostris, n. sp. 

$ . Proboscis about one and a-half times the length of the 
body ; wings with a brown stigma and brownish clouds along the 
cross-veins. Length of body 6 mm, of proboscis 8^ mm. 

Head yellow. Proboscis very distinctly longer than the bodyy 
finely pubescent. Antennre brownish-yellow ; basal joints yellow, 
the verticils black. Thorax yellow ; a rather broad, brownish 
stripe along the middle, and a shorter, similarly coloured one ou 
each side. Halteres yellow. Abdomen light yellow, with a broad, 
brown band on the posterior part of each segment ; forceps 
brownish. Wings lightly 'tinged with brownish ; with distinct 
brownish or brown clouds along the distal part of the costa, and 
along the cross-veins. Legs j'ellow ; femora brown at tip ; 
neuration as in E. westicoodi, 0. S. 

This species is evidently closely allied to the type of 
the genus, and I at first believed that it was the bame-, 
but the more elongate proboscis and the brownish clouds 
of the wings seem sufticient to separate them. 

Atarea. ■ 

Osten Sacken, Monogr., etc., iv., 127, 1868. 

1. Atarha 2:)iiella, n. sp. (PI. X., figs. Q^, wing; 
60a., hypopygium.) 
^ , $ . Antenna short and slender, not as long as the meso- 
notum, the first two joints thickened ; in the male, the following 
joints slender, and each, except the distal ones, with two long 
hairs. Front, and basal joints of the antennfe yellow, the re- 
mainder of the antenna and the palpi brown. Thorax yellow, 
the mesonotum brown, the metanotum brownish. Abdomen 

Dlptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 289 

brownish-yellow, the male organs more yellowish. Legs brownish 
throughout, the tarsi finely pubescent. Wings nearly hyaline ; no 
stigma. Length 3-4 mm. 

Twelve specimens. This and the following species 
differ from the type of this o^euus, as described by Osten 
Sacken, in the stracture of the antennse and in some 
peculiarities of the neuration, but the differences will not 
justify generic separation. Both species have distinct 
empodia, and there appears to be a minute spur on the 
middle tibias. 

2. Atarha jyleuralis, n. sp. (PI. X., figs. 61, antenna; 
61a, h, genitalia ; 61 c, wing.) 
cJ , $ . Front yellow. Antennge and palpi blackish. Meso- 
notum brownish-red ; the colour in shape of an elongated triangle, 
the base of which is the scutellum ; the lateral margins of the 
mesonotum show a slender, dark-brown stripe ; immediately below 
which the colour is light yellow, extending over the dorso-pleural 
suture. Pleura3 dark-brown, with a longitudinal stripe above the 
base of the coxse ; or, the pleurje may be otherwise described as 
having two dark brown stripes enclosing a light yellow one. 
Abdomen brownish-red, with a narrow, dark-brown band on the 
posterior margin of each segment, and with a median, indistinct 
brownish stripe. Coxffi light yellow; femora yellow, with a 
brown ring just before the light yellow tip, whichi colour ex- 
tends narrowly on the base of the tibiae ; tibi« and tarsi brown. 
Wings tinged with brown ; stigma dark-brown ; the marginal cell 
is shorter and wider than in A. pudla. Length 4-5 mm. 

Six specimens. 


Osten Sacken, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil., 1859. 

1. Teucholahis complexa. (PI. X., fig. 62, wing.) 

Teucholabis complexa, Osten Sacken, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Phil., 223, 1859; Monogr., etc., iv., 129. 

Hah. District of Columbia; New York ; Illinois. 

Sixteen specimens. The description of this species 
applies so well to these specimens that there can be but 
little doubt of the identification. The brown stripes of the 
mesonotum are only feebly indicated in most of the speci- 
mens ; the posterior part of the abdominal segments is 
yellow, and the tibiae are brownish. 

290 Professor Williston on the 

2. Teuchulahls anmdata, n. sp. (PI. X., fig. G3, wiof^.) 
^ , $ . Front black ; palpi brown ; rostrnm and first joint of 
the antcnnfe yellow ; flagellum brown or black. Mesonotum 
shining, with three broad, more or less confluent, shining, deep 
broad stripes, the middle one not reaching the suture, the lateral 
ones not extending far in front of it ; elsewhere the mesoKotum, 
like the scutellum and anterior part of the metanotum, is light 
yellow. Pleurte dark yellow or brown ; when seen obliquely, with 
a silvery sheen. Posterior part of metanotum brown. Abdomen 
yellow, with a broad brown band on the anterior part of each 
segment. Legs yellow ; all the femora brown at the tip, and with 
a brownish ring beyond the middle ; all the tibia3 and the first 
three tarsal joints brown at the tip, the last two joints of the tarsi 
black. Wings hj'aline ; the stijma and a cloud at the end of the 
costa — sometimes obsolete — brown. Length 7-8 mm. 

Twelve specimens. In one female the abdomen is black, 
with a narrow yellow posterior margin to the segments ; 
ill others brown, with a broader yellow border. The 
neuration is very much like that of T. com'plexa ; both the 
second and third veins are cui'ved less, and the second 
vein extends further towards the tin of the wino-. 

Schiner, Wien. Ent. Monatschr., vii., 222, 1863. 

1. ? Ell{].')tera, sp. (PI, X., figs. 04, wiog ; 6ia, genitalia.) 

$ . Head brownish, or brow.iish yellow, including rostrum and 
palpi. Antennae yellow, the first two joints red. Mesonotum 
brownish grey, with four narrow, brownish stripes ; humeri and 
sides of prothorax light yellow. Pleurae yellow, obscurely brown- 
ish in places. Abdomen light luteous yellow. Legs yellow ; the 
tip of femora, tibiae, and the distal joints of the tarsi brownish. 
Wings hyaline ; stigma faintly brown. Length 5 mm. 

One specimen. The present species can hardly be a 
true Ulliptera, because the anterior veins do not show 
the approximation characteristic of that genus, but it 
seems to agree in all other respects. The antennae are 
sixteen-jointed, the joints oval in shape ; the thorax is 
gently convex, the pronotum small, the abdomen is 
elongate, etc. The neuration is shown in the figure. 
There are uo spurs to the tibia3. 

Diptera of St. Vincent [West Indies). 291 


Often Sacken, Cat. Dipt., xxviii., 1878. 
Wings very slender ; great cross-vein near their proximal third ; 
three posterior cells ; no discal cell. Antennse sixteen-jointed, 
simple. Rostrum projecting, nearly as long as tho head. Neck 
slender. Mesonotum but little convex, elongate and slender ; 
iretanotum elongate. Legs slender, distinctly pubescent ; tibia; 
■without spurs. Abdomen very slender ; male forceps obtuse ; 
upper valve of ovipositor smal' and gently curved. 

1. Diotrepha miruhilis. fPl. X., figs. Go, wing; Goa, 

(?) Dl()ir<''])lia mirahilis, Osten Sacken, Cat. Dipt., 1878, 
p. 220. 

(J, 9- Proboscis, palpi, a'ld mtenna? brownish. Antennpe 
microscopically pubescent, and with verticils of short hairs ; in 
length the antennae would reach to about the suture, if bent back- 
wards. Thorax yellowish-brown, or brownish-red. Abdomen 
yellowish-brown, the posterior margins of the segments, or, the 
posterior segments, wholly brown ; in some specimens the abdomen 
is deep brown throughout. Legs light yellow ; the tibiae and the 
tarsi more nearly white ; the tip of all the femora and tibia; dark- 
brown. Wings nearly hyaline ; a fringe of hairs along the 
posterior margin. Length of body, 7 mm. ; of wings, 5 mm. 

Hah. St. Vincent, Georgia, Texas, Caba. 

Eight specimens. ''This species is abundant in forest 
glen, 1000 feet, near a stream, Sept. Alights on the 
lower side of leaves.^^ — H. H. Smith. 

2. Diotrepla concinna, n. sp. (PI. X., fig. GG, wing.) 
$ . Differs from 7'. viirahilis in the darker colour, the proboscis, 
palpi, and antenna; being blackish ; in the legs being light yellow, 
and in the absence of the brown tip to femora and tibise ; and in 
the neuration as shown in the figure. The wings are uniformly 
and distinctly tinged with brown. Length 6 mm. 

One specimen. Sea level. 


Westwood, Trans. Ent. Soc. London, 1881, p. 3G4. 

Antennfe sixteen-jointed, if bent backward, reaching about to 
the base of the wings ; second joint a little shorter than the first, 

292 Professor Williston on the 

both thickened ; the following joints slender, distinctly separated, 
finely pubescent. Rostrum rounded, a little prolonged, but 
shorter than the head ; polpi inserted towards its base, rather 
slender, the ultimate joint shorter than the penultimate, the two 
together about equal to the antepenultimate joint. Front rather 
narrow ; vertex but little developed. Legs very long and slender, 
finely pubescent ; tibiaj without spurs ; ungues simple ; no 
empodia. Male forceps not large, in the dry specimen showing 
two obtuse, fleshy lobes. Valves o£ the ovipositor small, slender, 
arcuated. Auxiliary vein nearly as long as the first longitudinal 
vein, joining the costa in an acute angle ; the subcostal cross-vein 
at some distance before the tip. The second longitudinal vein 
arises at some distance before the middle of the wing, with a 
strong curve backward ; nearly opposite the distal end of the 
discal cell, it gives off an oblique branch to the costa ; marginal 
cross-vein long and oblique, sometimes joining the proximal end 
of the anterior branch. The beginning of the third vein in the 
same straight line with the first section of the second vein, 
terminating in the fourth vein at the proximal end of the discal 
cell. Anterior cross-vein wanting. Anal cell narrowed in the 
margin. Seventh vein very short. 

This singular ^enus is remarkable, if my interpreta- 
tion of the neuration is correct, in the entire absence of 
the first posterior cell, the second submarginal cell 
lying in contact with the discal cell and the second 
posterior cell, through the absence of the small cross- 
vein and the greater part of the third vein. It is difficult 
to see how there can be any other interpretation, as the 
branch of the second vein that takes the place of the 
small cros?-vein cannot possibly be that cross-vein, for, 
in that case, it would arise from the second vein — an 
impossibility. Furthermore, this interpretation seems 
probable from a study of the neuration in ParatwjJesa, 
where the first posterior cell begins at the outer end of 
the discal cell. The relationship seems to be with that 
genus, but I cannot agree with Osten Sacken in con- 
sidering the anterior branch of the second vein an 
adventitious cross-vein. There are two submarginal cells 
present, as in Gonomyia. Aside from the fact that there 
are only three posterior cells present, which may or may 
not be a generic character, the shortness of the seventh 
longitudinal vein is sufficient for the separation of the 

Birdera uf St. Vincent {West Indies). 293 

The foregoing, without change, was written in the 
belief that our specimens represented a new genus. A 
more careful search of the literature, however, revealed 
to my surprise the congenerousness of the species, 
especially M. alhitarsis, DoL, included in the genus 
Mongoma. The species hitherto made known — seven or 
eight in all — are from Java, Sumatra, the Philippine 
Islands, Borneo, Madagascar, and Southern Africa. 
]ts occurrence in the western continent is of great 

1, Mongoma manca, n. sp. 

^ , $ . Front and basal joints of the antennse brownish red ; 
flagelluni of antennae and the palpi brown or black. Thorax, light 
brownish-red, the metanotum sometimes a little darker, and the 
pleuriB more yellow. Halteres yellow. Abdomen brown or 
brownish-red, the terminal segments more reddish. Legs brownish; 
base of femora and the distal joints of the tarsi more yellowish. 
Wings nearly hyaline ; stigma small, rounded, brownish. Length 
7-8 mm. 

Six specimens. Forest, 2000 feet, July. 

2. Mongoma pallida, n. sp. (PL X., fig. 67, wing.) 

jj, $. Wholly light yellow, the front and outer joints, the 
antennae, only, brown or brownish; the legs a little darker. Wings 
pure hyaline, with light-coloured veins ; no stigma ; the distance 
between the junction of the marginal cross-vein and the origin of 
the anterior branch of the second vein greater than in M. manca, 
nearly as great as the length of the antei-ior branch itself. Length 
6 mm. 

Four specimens. 1000-1500 feet. In addition to 
the smaller size, much lighter colour, and more hyaline 
wings, the species will be readily' distinguished by the 
shorter outer submiarginal cell. In the present species, 
its inner end, in all the specimens, is opposite the inner 
end of the second posterior cell; in M. manca the 
proximal end is, in every case, at a considerable disiance 
proximad to that of the posterior cell. 

291- Professor Williston on the 

Meigen, Illiger's Mag., il., 1803. 

1. Erioptera calopfera. 

Eriopfera caloptera. Say, Jonrn. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil., 
iii., 17; Compl. Wr., ]i., 44; AViedemaun, Auss, 
Z\v. Ins.. i.. 23 ; Osteii Sacken, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Phil., 1850, 226; Monoghr., iv., 161, pi., iv., 
f. 15. 

Hah, Atlantic States; Kansas; Colorado; Canada; 

One specimen, which scarcely differs from others 
from Kansas. 

2. Eriopfera aunulipes, n. sp. 

9 . Legs conspicuously white and black annulate. Length 
3-3^ mm. 

Head brown or blackish. Antennae brown, not longer than the 
mesonotum. Thorax and abdomen j^ellowish-brown, the latter 
posteriorly more yellow. Legs conspicuously white and dark- 
brown annulate, the femora, t.biie, and tarsi each with three brown 
rings ; a fourth brown ring on the femora is more or less indistinct. 
Wings nearly hyaline, the costa with four brown spots intercalated 
with as many white ones ; the outer posterior margin also with 
alternating white spots. 

Two specimens. 


Osten Sacken, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. I'hil, 1859. 

]. Epiphra'jma sa'-heni, n. sp. (PI. X., fig. 68, wing.) 

$. Head black in ground-colour, opaque yellowish-grey polli- 
nose ; brown on the lower part of the broad front. First two 
joints of the antennie brown, the third and fourth yellow ; 
remainder of the antennas blackish ; if bent back, the antenna; 
would reach about to the root of the wings. Mesonotum ochra- 
ceous, with slender, dark-brown markings. Metanotum deep brown 
or blackish, somewhat darker than the pleurse. Halteres yellow, 
the knob brownish. Abdomen dark brown, the venter yellowish. 

Dlpfera of St. Vinceni {West Indies). 295 

Basal lialf of the femora yellow ; the distal part with two dark- 
brown bands, and two, narrower, yellow bands, the second yellow 
band at the tip ; tibias and tarsi brownish, with a narrow yellow 
band at the base of the tibia) (middle and front legs wanting). 
Wings with uniform brown spots, located as in the iigure ; sepa- 
rated from the infuscation of the rest of the wing by narrow, 
hyaline, or light-yello sv' margins. Length 7 mm. 

One specimeo. 1500 feet, 

Linne, Anira. per Suociam observata^ 17oG. 

1 T-ijnda ttiihinfuf^-cata, n, sp. (PI. X., fig. G9, wing.) 

(^ . 9 . Antenna; black, or black and yellow ; wings uniformly 
subinfuscated. Length 12 mm. 

Antenna3 in the male black, the proximal three or four joints 
yellow, about as long as the front femora ; in the female, yellow, 
with the proximal end of the sixth and following joints black, and 
only about as long as the mesonotum. Thorax light yellow, the 
mesonotum brownish. Front, rostrum and palpi yellow, the last a 
little brownish at the tip. Halteres brown. Abdomen reddish- 
yellow, the lateral margins of all the segments, a part of the sixth 
segment, and all of the seventh, black (in the female specimen the 
abdomen is wanting). Legs yellow, the tip of the tibiae, and the 
tarsi for the greater part, black. Wings uniformly tiugeJ with 
brown, the costal cell and the stigma pale brown. 

I can find no description which will apply to this 
species, though that of T. inftiscata, Loew, will nearly 
do so. The colour of the antennae in the female will at 
once distinguish the two. 

Macquart, Hist. Nat, Dipt., i., 88, 1834, 

1. racJiyrrhina clegcmtuJa, n. sp, (PI. X., fig. 70, wing.) 

9 . Stripes of the mesonotum brownish red, lateral margins 
with three opaque black spots. Length 14 mm. 

296 Professor Williston on the 

Front and rostrum light opaque orange-yellow, the former with 
an angular spot posteriorly, not continued into a stripe, subshining 
bluish. Antennae yellow, the terminal joints brownish. Pro- 
notum light opaque yellow in the middle, black on the sides ; 
mesonotum opaque yellow, with light brownish-red, shining 
stripes ; the lateral ones curve strongly outward iu front, and 
terminating in an opaque black spot ; a similar spot just back and 
below these, and a third velvety black spot immediately above the 
root of the wings, extending narrowly into the suture. Scutellum 
shining brownish-red. Metanotum yellow, with a stripe of the 
colour of the scutellum, expanded triangularly behind. Pleurae 
light sulphur-yellow, with shining reddish spots. Abdomen light 
opaque orange-yellow ; the first four or five segments with incon- 
spicuous brownish bands. Knob of halteres brown. Coxa;, 
femora, and tibiae yellow, the two latter black at the tip ; tarsi 
black, the proximal joints somewhat yellowish. Wings with 
a brownish-yellowish tinge ; costal cell yellow ; stigma pale 

^. Antennas darker, the basal three or four joints yellow. 
Markings of thorax ; abdomen and legs somewhat darker. 

One male and two females. ^J he species seems nearest 
allied to P. consularis, O. S., but will be at once dis- 
tinj^uislied by the colour of the thoracic stripes and the 
additional black spots. 


Wiedemann, Auss., Zw, Ins., i., 57, 1828. 

1. Polymera alb'dn.rsls, n. sp. (PI, X., figs. 71, part of 
antenna $ ; 71a, antenna ? ; 7 1 6, wing.) 

cJ , 9 • Front, pa'pi and rostrum brown. Antennae brown, the 
basal joints yellowish. Thorax brownish-yellow, the pleurae in 
the middle blackish. Abdomen dark brown. Legs luteous, the 
base of the femora yellow ; tarsi white, except the metatarsi of the 
two anterior pairs, the proximal end of the second joint of the 
same pairs, and of the metatarsi of the hind pair, which are 
brown. Wings distinctly tinged with brownish. Length 6-7 mm. 

Four specimens. Hitherto, only South American 
species of this genus have been made known, from which 
the present species seems distinct. The male antennae 

Diptera of St. Vincent [IVetit Indies). 297 

were originally described as having twenty-eight joints, 
and the true number, sixteen, was not known till speci- 
mens were examined by Loew. The joints in this sex 
are very closely united, and it is only by close exami- 
nation that the number can be made out. From 
P. fiisca, Wiedemann, and P. ohscura, Macquart, which 
seems to be a distinct species, the present appears to be 
so closely allied, that the short descriptions will hardly 
distinguish them. However, Wiedemann figures the 
female antennte as elongate, like those of the males, but 
■with simple, not constricted joints. In the present 
species, the female antennas are short, in fact not longer 
than the thorax, and are of the ordinary Tipulid struc- 
ture ; that is, the joints are oval, slightly hairy, and are 
easily distinguishable. The first joint is not cylindrical, 
and is not provided with short, closely-set hairs, as is 
described. The figure given by Macquart shows short 
and abundant hairs on the swellings of the male 
antennas, very different from the long, delicate hairs of 
the present species. 

Specjes Ikcert^ Sedis. 

Two species of Tipulidw, represented by single, more 
or less mutilated specimens, I cannot locate. I give 
figures herewith, which will, I believe, render the identi- 
fication not doubtful. One of them (PI. X., 6gs. 72 and 
72a) possibly represents a new genus. The tip of the 
antennas is broken ofi", otherwise the specimen is com- 
plete. If the antennae are but 14-jointed, the species 
would be located in RJiipidia, from which, however, the 
structure of the male organs show distinct differences, 
and the antennae are hardly sufficiently pectinated. If 
there are sixteen joints, Schiner^s and Osten Sacken's 
tables will carry the species to Antocha. This genus and 
Thanmaslopteva are almost the only ones in this group 
which I do not know. Still, the neuration is sufficientlv 
distinct to render its location with ^?i^ocAa practically out 
of the question. 

298 Professor Williston on the 



Meigen, Syst. Beschr., i., 216, 1818. 

1. Dixa clavnlns, n. sp. (PI. X., fig. 73, wing.) 

$. Head black, lightly greyish-pruinose ; palpi aud rostrum a 
little reddish. Antenna3 black, the basal joints somewhat reddish. 
Thorax yellow, the mesonotum with three dark-brown stripes, the 
median one abbreviated posteriorly, and divided by a slender line ; 
the lateral ones begin a little before the termination of the median 
one. Scutellum and mesonotum brownish-yellow. Abdomen dark- 
brown. Legs brown oi- yellowish brown : the tip of the hind 
tibiae and their tarsi blackish ; the femora, for the greater part, 
yellowish ; hind tibite thickened at the tip. Length of body 2 mm., 
of wings 3 mm. 

Four s])ecimens. This species must be closely allied 
to D. clavata, Loew, from Massachusetts, and I was, at 
first, inclined to identify it with it. It differs from the 
description, however, in several important points. The 
pleur«3 are immaculate yellowish, the legs are darker 
coloured, and the wings are uniformly tinged with 
brownish, not hyaline, with markings. 



Latreille, Nat. Hist., etc., xiv., 291, 1801. 

1. Rhyphus dolorosus, n. sp. (PI. X., fig. 74, wing.) 

5 . Front and occiput black, somewhat greyish-pruinose. 
Mesonotum yellow with three brown stripes ; wings broadly 
clouded on the distal and posterior margin, with two conspicuous 
brown spots in front, and narrow brown clouds on the cross-vein;. 
Length of body 4 mm., of the wings 5 mm. a little narrower below, the ocelli situated wholly in front 
of a line drawn through the angles of the eyes. Face more 
yellowish. Eyes reaching to the oral margin below. Palpi and 
proboscis black. Antennfe black, the two basal joints j'ellowish. 
Mesonotum opaque yellow with three brown or brownish-red 
stripes, the middle one abbreviated posteriorly the lateral ones in 

Blptera of Si. Vincent {West Indies). 299 

front ; bristles very short, htiir-like. Pleurae yellow, with obscure 
brownish spots. Metanotum and halteres yellow. Abdomen deep 
brown or black, the basal segments with obscure yellow markings. 
Legs yellow ; the tip of hind femora and tibise, and the distal 
joints of all the tarsi brown or blackish. Wings broadly clouded 
with brown at the tip and along the posterior margin, the inner 
portion .«ubhyaline ; two dark-brown spots in the marginal cell, 
separated by a yellow spot ; costal cell yellowish ; the cross-veins 
with narrow, dark-brown clouds. 

One specimen. Allied to R. fenestralis, but differs in 
tie abdomen and wings. 


Fabricius, Ent. Syst. Suppl., 50(3, 1798. 

1. Sargus Incens. 
Sarijus lucens, Loew, Centur., vii,, II. — Cuba. 
Six specimens. 


Latreille, Hist. Nat. des Crust, et Ins., xiv., 338, 1804. 

1. Hermetia illnccns. 

Muscx illncens, Linne, Syst. Nat., ii., 979. (For re- 
maining synonymy, see Osten Sncken, Cat. 46, 
and Williston, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. xv., 245.) 

IJalj. Southern United States; Mexico; Brazil; West 

Eight specimens. Quite like others from the United 
States and Brazil. 


Williston, Manual. N. A. Diptera, 48, 1896. 

1. Pelagomyia alhitalus, n. sp. (PI. X., fig. 75, head 

of $.) 

$ . Front and face deep shining green, with long and abundant, 
erect black hair. Eyes thickly pilose. Antennae black ; second 
joint a little shorter than the first, the third joint about twice the 
length of the first two together, gradually tapering, the aunuli 

300 Professor Williston on the 

closely set together ; style distinctly differentiated, and extending- 
at an angle with the third joint ; its first joint small ; second joint 
thickened, spindle-shaped, finely and densely hairy, terminating in 
a slender bristle about as long as the thickened portion of the 
style ; altogether, the style is shorter than the third antennal 
joint. Thorax shining metallic, deep green, with blue reflections 
and erect black pile. Abdomen elongated, of equal width, black 
or brownish black, the second, third, and fourth segments with a 
narrow posterior margin of golden or silvery pubescence, forming 
an interrupted band. Femora black ; tibias light yellow with a 
broad brown ring beyond the middle ; the hind pair with the 
distal two-thirds brown ; tarsi light yellow or yellowish-white, the 
distal three joints of the four anterior ones, the tip of the meta- 
tarsi, and the remaining joints brown or brownish. Wings hyaline 
on the basal anterior portion ; clouded behind, and blackish on the 
outer half. Length 9 mm. 

Two males and one female. The female differs in being 
of a larger size (12 mm.) in the absence of metallic 
coloration, in tbe more reddish-brown colour of the 
abdomen, and in the lighter coloured wings. It may be 
an immature specimen. I at first identified this genus 
as Chromatopoda , Brauer, but it will be at once distin- 
guished by the structure of the second antennal joint. 


Osten Sacken, Biol. Centr. Amer. Dipt., 38, i., 188 >. 

$ . Holoptic, the upper eye-facets moderately enlarged and 
sharply distinguished from those of the lower portion. Antenna) 
situated a little below the middle of the eyes in profile, shorter 
than the head ; annuli of the third joint closely united, the first 
one small and short, the sixth elongate and with several minute 
bristles at the tip. Scutellum with two slender spines. Abdomen 
slender, composed of five segments. Veins of the wings on the 
outer posterior part weak or evanescent, the beginning of the 
second and fourth ones arising from the discal cell apparent, 
the first and third only faintly indicated by folds. 

1. Aochletus histriatusy n. sp. (PI. X., fig. 76, antenna.) 

$ . Face black, moderately shining ; on either side silvery 
pubescent. Antennae black ; the first and second joints, for the 
greater part, reddish. Mesonotum black, moderately shining ; 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 801 

finely pubescent ; with two yellow stripes, acuminate in front, 
and connected with the yellow post-alar callosities behind. 
Scutellum wholly yellow. Pleurae yellow, the mesosternum black. 
Abdomen black or dark-brown, with a red band across each of the 
three anterior segments. Legs yellow, the tarsi iafuscated toward 
the tip. Wings hyaline. Length 5 mm. 

One specimen. 1500 feet. 

Wiedemann, Zool. Mag., i., 3, 55, 1819. 

1. Cyphomyia lasiophthalma, n. sp. 

^ . Eyes markedly pilose. The small vertical triangle black ; 
frontal triangle and face shining metallic black, densely clothed 
with white pile, intermixed with black hairs. Antennae black, the 
base of the third joint red. The narrow inferior occipital orbits 
white pubescent. Mesonotum shining violet-black, with three 
stripes of white pubescence, and with long, erect, black pile. Scu- 
tellum like the mesonotum, with long black pile and white pubes- 
cence ; spines as long as the scutellum, somewhat divergent, reddish 
at the distal end, and clothed with black pile. Pleurae with white 
pile. Tegulae yellow. Abdomen shining metallic blue, with erect 
black pile, and four sharply marked, white pubescent spots. 
Legs black ; the knees and base of hind metatarsi reddish ; four 
anterior metatarsi, except their tip, light yellow. Wings nearly 

$ . Antennae a little longer, the third joint about equal to half 
the width of the head. Front and face shining blue-black, clothed 
with close-lying, nearly white pile, the face nearly bare in the 
middle. Occipital orbits a little broader than in the male, white 
pubescent. Pile of mesonotum and scutellum dusky, that on the 
spines white ; the spines are wholly of the colour of the mesonotum, 
and are shorter than in the male. Abdomen, as usual, with six spots. 
Length 7 mm. 

Two specimens. 1500 feet. The species is allied to C. 
marginata, Loew, one of the few known species with 
long-pilose eyes. The front of the female is narrow and 
without elevations of any kind. 

TflANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PAET III. (SEPT.) 21 

302 Professor Willi ston on the 


Gerstsecker, Linn. Ent., xi., 311, 1857. 

1. Chordonota leiophtlialma, n. sp. 

$. Eyes bare, closely contiguous, the upper part with the 
facets markedly enlarged, those of the lower half small, the two 
sets separated by a distinct line. Occiput concave, wholly invisible 
from the side. Ocellar triangle small, black ; frontal triangle 
small, silvery, the silvery pubescence extending a little way along 
the facial orbit. Antennae red, the upper margin and the distal 
portion of the third joint black. Mesonotum black, with a strong 
purple reflection, beneath the short, dense, black pubescence ; two 
narrow, silvery, or light golden, pubescent stripes on each side, and 
an indication of a fifth in the middle. Scutellum like the meso- 
notum and with silvery pubescence near its margin. Pleurae black. 
Abdomen shining metallic blue or purple, the fourth and fifth 
segments each with a spot of silvery pubescence on each side. Legs 
black, the metatarsi a little reddish. Wings tinged with blackish, 
the stigma luteous. Length 7 mm. 

Two specimens. This species, structurally and in 
appearance, resembles C. nigra, Willist., but will be at 
once distinguished by the bare' eyes, distinctly vittate 
mesonotum, and shorter pile. 

Species iNCERTi?*' Sedis. 

A small species, represented by a fragment only, 
belonging among the Pachygastrinae, perhaps to Pachy- 



Linne, Fauna Suecica, 1761. 
1. Tabanus aids, n. sp. (PI. X., fig, 77, antenna.) 
$ . Brown ; wings with brown spots ; upper angle of the third 
antennal joint drawn out into a long process. Length 13-14 ram. 
Eyes bare ; no ocellar tubercle. Front narrow, cinnamon- 
brown ; callus very small, shining red. Antenna yellow, with 
black hairs ; slender ; the upper process of the third joint drawn 
out into a long process, the annulate portion slender, and curved. 
Face of the colour of the front, bare. Palpi yellow, with black 
hairs. Mesonotum cinnamon-brown, or darker brown, with two 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 303 

slender yellowish stripes. Pleurae more whitish. Abdomen brown; 
on the sides in front yellow ; the segments with a median, 
posterior triangle of light golden hair, which extends outward, 
forming a narrow hind border. Legs reddish or brownish-yellow. 
Wings subhyaline, the anterior part to the tip of the second vein 
luteous ; the distal costal portion and the posterior margin 
clouded with blackish ; a large spot covering the cross- veins at 
the outer part of the discal cell, and extending into the first 
posterior cell, and another large one on the furcation of the third 
vein, reaching to the costa, brown. 

Three specimens. It is not impossible that this is the 
same as T. 'parallelus, Walker. 

2. Tahanus,^^. (PI. X,, f]g. 78, antenna.) 

^ . Frontal triangle yellow ; face brownish-red, thickly grey 
poUinose ; palpi light yellow ; all clothed with white hair. 
Antennte yellow ; third joint angular above, but not drawn out 
into a process. Mesonotum black, not shining, greyish, 
and with yellowish-white pile ; pleurae ochraceous yellow, with 
white pile. Abdomen brownish-red and brown, opaque ; the 
segments with a narrow, light yellow, hind border. Legs yellow ; 
tarsi infuscated distally. Wings hyaline ; the furcation of the 
third vein with a stump. Eyes bare ; no ocelli. Length 
10 mm. 

One specimen. 



Macquart, Dipt, du Nord de la France, 1827. 

1. Chrysopila ludens. 

Chrysopila ludens, Loew, Wien. Entom. Monatschr., 
v., 34. 

Hah. Cuba (Loew). 

Six specimens agree sufficiently well with the descrip- 
tion of this species. In those that are well preserved, 
there is a golden pubescence on the abdomen, and the 
hind femora may be in large part black. With these 
specimens, there are several others in which the thorax 
is yellow, with the mesonotum brownish. The abdomen, 
in all the specimens, is in large part black. 

304 Professor Williston on the 

2. Chrysojnia atra, n. sp. (PI. X., fig. 78his, wing.) 

$ . Deep black ; wings hyaline, with two dark-brown spots on 
the costal margin. Length 5 mm. 

Deep black throughout, with black pile. Face cinereous 
pruinose. Mesonotum and abdomen opaque velvety. Wings 
hyaline, the apical third in front clouded ; the stigma, a spot across 
from the costa to the second vein on the distal part of the 
auxiliary vein, and a cloud on the humeral cross- vein, dark-brown. 

One specimen. 


Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., i., 418, 1828, 

1. Ommiatinii marginellus. 

Ommatius marginellus (Fabricius), Wiedemann, Auss. 
Zw. Ins., i., 421 ; Dipt. Exot., i., 223, pi. vi., 
fig. 5; Macquart, Dipt. Exot., i., 2, 134; Scliiner, 
Yerh. zool. bot. Gesellsch, 186(3, 682. 

? Ommatius tihialis, Say, Journ. Acad. Phil., iii., 49 ; 
Compl. Wr., ii., 63; Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., 
i., 422; Williston, Trans. Amer. Eut. Soc. xi., 
PI. ii., fig. 12 and xii., 76. 

Ommatius Saccas, Walker, List, ii., 474. 

Ommatius vitreus, Bigot, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 245, 


Hah. West Indies ; South. America ; ? North America. 

Thirty specimens. The only difference which these 
specimens present from others, both male and .female, 
from Brazil, are the yellow bristles of the hind femora. 
Others in my collection from San Domingo agree in this 
respect with the Brazilian ones. That all are of the same 
species, I have no doubt. That 0. tihialis is the same 
species, I am not so confident. The distinctive charac- 
ters pointed out by Schiner, though I do not think that 
they are of much importance, are present in North 
American specimens. The posterior part of the meso- 
notum and the scutellum also seem to be more hairy in 
0. tihialis. In all the specimens, the colour of the legs 

Biptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 305 

varies much. There are no structural differences in any 
of the specimens, and, in some of the San Dominican 
specimens, the colour of the bristles of the hind femora 
varies. Taking the above facts into consideration, I 
believe that all the names above given, and probably 
others, represent a single species of wide distribution. 
0. tibialis occurs through all of the Eastern United 
States, as far as the Rocky Mountains. 


Macquart, Dipt. Exot., i., 2, 107, 1838. 

1. Erax rufitihia. (PI. X., fig. 79, wing.) 

Erax rufitihia, Macquart, Dipt. Exot., 3rd Suppl., 27. 
PI. ii., fig. 11 ; Walker, List, vii., 623 ; Roeder, 
Stett. Ent. Zeit., 339, 1885. 

Hah. Brazil; San Domingo; Porto Rico. 

$. Front and face light yellowish-grey ; gibbosity of the face 
"with numerous black bristles and yellowish-white hairs. Mesono- 
tum grey, with three broad black stripes, narrowly separated, the 
lateral ones narrowly divided into three spots, the hindmost one 
of which is small ; the middle one with an indication of a middle 
stripe in front. Abdomen black, not shining ; hair yellow, sparse 
and reclining, save on the anterior two segments ; lateral margins 
opaque light-grey ; sixth and seventh segments silvery ; hypopy- 
gium large, black. Wings with the costal border thickened ; 
furcation of third vein beyond the base of the second posterior cell. 
Legs black ; tibite except the tip, red. Length 18-20 mm. 

Two males and three females, the latter showing 
scarcely any differences, save the usual sexual ones. 


Meigen, Illiger's Mag., 1803. 

1. Leptogaster roederi, n. sp. (PL XL, fig. 80, wing.) 

^ , $ . Antennfe yellow, with the distal half of the third joint 
black; wings blackish at the tip. Length 8-9 mm. 

Front brown. Face and mystax yellow. First two antennal 
joints and the base of the third yellow ; remainder of the third 
joint and the arista black ; third joint a little shorter than the first 
two together, the arista a little longer than the three joints 

306 Professor Williston on the 

together. Mesonotum shining, da i-k pitchy, a little more yellowish 
on each side in front ; on the posterior part subopaque ; sides 
lightly pollinose. Pleuras brown and yellowish, light yellow 
pollinose. Abdomen black or brown, the posterior margin of each 
segment whitish, the hind angles reddish. Coxae light yellow ; 
femora black or brown, with the base and a preapical ring red or 
yellow ; anterior tibijB yellowish, with the distal part yellow ; 
hind tibiae black or deep brown, with the proximal part yellow ; 
anterior tarsi yellow ; hind tarsi black. Wings pure hyaline, with 
the tip blackish. Empodium about half the length of the claws. 
Occiput without bristles. 

Two specimens. In one the colours throughout are 
not so deep, and the tip of the wing is cinereous. 


Jfennicke, Abhandl. Senckenb. Gesellsch, vi., 1867. 

Two male specimens of a species related to H. calva, 
Loew, but with the legs nearly black, and the abdomen 
not clavate. 



Meigen, Syst. Beschr., ii., 223, 1820. 

1. Geron senilis. (PL XI., fig. 81, antenna.) 

Oeron senilis, Fabricius, Ent. Syst., iv., 411; Syst. 
Antl., 135, BoinbyUus ; Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. 
Ins., i., 357 ; Macquart, Dipt. Exot., Suppl., i., 119. 

Hah. West Indies ; Texas. 

One male specimen, agreeing very well with Wiede- 
mann's description. 



Zetterstedt, Ins. Lapp., 525, 1840. 

1. Psilocephala argentata. (PL XI., fig. 82, antenna.) 

? Thereva argentata, Bellardi, Saggio, ii., 90 ; Boeder, 
Stett. Eut. Zait., 1885, 340.— Mexico, Porto Rico. 

(J. Black ; abdomen silvery white, except a large spot on the 
anterior angles. Length (3-8 mm. 

Dlptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 307 

Frontal triangle shining black, its inferior corners and the face 
opaque silvery. Antennae black ; third joint on the inner, basal 
portion yellowish. Cheeks, immediately below the eyes, shining 
black, with black pile. Beard white ; occiput silvery grey. 
Mesonotum with dusky yellowish pile, and black bristles ; on the 
sides, shining black ; in the middle, with two broad, narrowly 
separated, opaque, olivaceous grey stripes ; a narrow stripe between 
the two, brown. Scutellum shining black, its apical margin opaque 
grey, and with four bristles. Pleurae opaque greyish-white, with 
white hair. Halteres brown. Abdomen silvery white, when 
viewed from above ; the brown or black ground-colour predominant, 
when seen from behind ; the first segment in the middle, and a 
large spot on the anterior angles of the following segments, ex- 
tending nearly to the posterior margin, black. Legs, for the 
greater part, sordid yellow ; femora black ; the tip or distal portion 
of the tibiiB, and the distal joints of all the tarsi, blackish. Wings 
nearly hyaline ; stigma elongate. 

Four specimens. Seashore. 



Meigen, Illiger's Mag.^ ii., 1803. 

1. Hyhos dimidiatus. (PI. XI., fig. 83, wing.) 

? Hyhos dimidiatus, Loew, Wien. Entom. Monatschr., 
iv,, 36 (iiec Bellardi). 

Hah. Cuba. 

There are, in the collection, some twelve or more 
specimens, which I refer very doubtfully to this species. 
In the most typical, the chief differences from the 
description are : The presence of black hairs on the 
thorax, the darker colour of the front femora, and the 
light-brown colour of the basal portion of the wings. 
The distal portion of the wings is not hyaline, or even 
cinereo-hyaline, but is distinctly infuscated. In some 
of the specimens the wings are nearly uniform in colour 

308 Professoi' Williston on the Diptera of St. Vincent. ■ 


Walker, Dipt. Saunders, 165, 1856. 

1. Syneches pusillus. (PL XI., fig. 84, wing.) 

Syneches pnsillus, Loew, Centur., i., 25. 

Hah. Illinois, New York. 

Two specimens agree with this description. I have 
no specimens from the United States for comparison. 

Meigen, Syst. Beschr., iii., 1822. 

1. Drapetis xanthopodus, n. sp. (Pi. XI., figs. 85, 

antenna ; 86a, wing.) 

^ , $ . Deep shining black ; legs yellow ; first posterior cell a 
little narrowed at the extremity. Length 2-2^ mm. 

Antennas, front and proboscis black : eyes contiguous below the 
antennae ; front very narrow or subcontiguous in both sexes. 
Occiput black, with black pile. Thorax and abdomen shining 
black, the mesonotum a little metallic ; pile short, dusky. Legs, 
including the coxae, yellow, the tarsi more or less infuscated : hind 
metatarsi brown or brownish : elongate and somewhat thickened ; 
hind tibia3 with a short terminal spur ; all the femora stout. 
Wings cinereous hyaline ; third and fourth veins gently convergent 
near the margin. 

Ten specimens. 

2. Drapetis flavidus, n. sp. (PI. XI., figs. 86, antenna; 

SQa, wing.) 

$ 1 ^ . Yellow or reddish-yellow ; head and the fourth 
abdominal segment black. Length 2-2j mm. 

Occiput, vertical triangle and front black. Eyes contiguous 
below the antennae, subcontiguous above. Antennge yellow, the 
third joint sometimes brownish. Thorax reddish-yellow, the 
mesonotum shining, with light-coloured hair and bristles. 
Abdomen yellow, opaque, the fourth segment and the hair black. 
Legs light yellow, with light-coloured hair and bristles ; hind 
tibite in the male with a stout curved spur at the tip ; hind femora 
less thickened than the middle ones ; the front pair considerably 
thickened. "Wings hyaline ; the outer portions of the third and 
fourth veins parallel or very slightly divergent. 

Numerous specimens. 

Prof. Aldrich on the DolichoiJodidse of St. Vincent. 309 


Of tliis family, the collection contains forty-six species, 
of wLich five only can be recognized as previously 
described. The study of so much material throws an 
interesting light on the geographical distribution of the 
genera. The entire absence of Dulichopus, of which the 
continent of North America contains nearly a hundred 
species, strongly emphasizes the fact that the genus is 
limited to the temperate and colder regions. On the other 
hand, more than half of the species in the present col- 
lection belong to the group which may be termed the 
C/trysotinw, embracing CJirysotus, Diapkorus, and several 
smaller genera, while this group is represented on the 
continent by a considerably smaller proportion. 

The discovery of a second species of the peculiar genus 
Polymedon, having identically the same habits as the 
Californian species, is a matter of great interest. 

In the desci-iption of new species, the aim has been to 
give a careful i-eview of the generic as well as specific 
characters in those not infrequent cases where there was 
possibility of an erroneous generic determination. I'he 
genera of DoUrJiojwdidfe are, at least in part, in need of 
thorough revision, and several new ones must yet be 
erected for North American forms. Unwilling to under- 
take what should be the work of a more experienced 
hand, I have avoided, as far as possible, the establish- 
ment of new genera in the present article. 

I am under the greatest obligation to Professor 
Williston, not only for the privilege of undertaking this 
work, but for the use of books and other valuable 

Loew, Neue Beitr., v., 1857. 

1. Gymnopternus rujicornis, n. sp. 

$ . Face of moderate width, white pollinose ; front blue-greeu, 
"with white dust below ; ciHa of inferior orbit white. Antennee 
i-ed, short, apex of third joint infuscated, the dorsal arista slightly 
pubescent. Thoracic dorsum bright green ; a blackish-bronze 

"'- By Professor J. M. Aldrich. 
TRANS. ENT. feOC. LOND, 1896. — PART 111. (SEFT.) 

310 Professor Aldricb on the 

stripe above the base of each wing, before and below this a spot 
with a silvery reflection when viewed from above ; pleurte dark 
green, in part black, with grey dust. Cilia of tegulse black, 
halteres yellow. Abdomen bright green above, the sides below 
white-dusted, the hairs everywhere black and rather coarse ; at 
the tip of the abdomen are two bristles, as long as two segments ; 
hypopygium blackish -green, the lamellse rounded, yellow, with 
pale brown margin fringed with yellow bristles. Fore and hind 
coxa; yellow, the former with very long black bristles and black 
hairs, the latter with a large and a smaller lateral bristle close 
together ; middle coxa3 brown on the basal half ; femora and tibiae 
light yellow, the fore tibite with a row of irregular but distinct 
bristles on the front side ; the fore tarsi are pale to the extreme 
tip ; middle and hind tibiae with erect and conspicuous bristles ; 
they are gradually infuscated from tip of first joint. Wings 
rather narrow, hyaline, the fourth vein converging towards the 
third, toward the tip close to, and nearly parallel with it. 

$ . Face nearly twice as wide, white ; no long bristles at tip of 
abdomen ; otherwise substantially like the male. 

Length 1"6 mm.; of wing, the same. 

One male, one female. 


Mik. Dipt. Untersuch., 1878. 

1. Poecilohothrus unguiculatus, n. sp. (PI. XT., fig. 101, 
last joint of $ , front tarsus. PI. XIL, fig. 116, 
tip of wing.) 

^ . Face very wide, below the suture with two lateral con- 
vexities separated by a narrow groove ; colour dark brownish- 
green, with dense brown pollen, which appears lighter in certain 
directions. Palpi brown, with yellow tips ; proboscis large, 
blackish. Front concave, shining violet in the middle, about the 
edges blackish. Antennte brownish-black, the under part a little 
reddish ; third joint ovate, a little pointed in an upward direction ; 
arista nearly basal, short, distinctly feathered. Cilia of the inferior 
orbit white. Thorax bronze-green, not very shining ; acrostichal 
bristles in two rows ; the two rows of interior dorsal bristles (Mik) 
are inserted upon slender longitudinal shining blue lines, expanded 
posteriorly. The posterior margin of the dorsum is in the form of a 
thin projection, running around from the root of one wing to that 
of the other ; above this the surface is considerably dusted. 
Scutellum bare, coppery, Pleurte greenish, with white pollen. 

Dolichopodidae of St. Vincent {West Indits). 311 

Cilia of tegula black. Tegulaj and halteres deep yellow. Abdomen 
olivaceous, sligiitly shining, on the sides shining green, and vent- 
rally white poUinose. Hypopygium free and rather large, but 
sessile ; colour black, a little dusted on the sides, the lamellse are 
brown, yellowish at base, rather long and narrow, with rounded 
corners and a fringe of long black bristles all the way around 
except basally. All the coxae brown, their tips yellow ; femora 
yellow, tibise brownish-yellow, the hind knees brown. Tips of 
front tibife lighb yellow ; first joint of fore tarsus of the same 
colour for two-thirds of its length, the remainder of the tarsus 
brownish-black. The joints beyond the first are short, and all are 
somewhat thickened ; the last is rather long, and bears a little 
prominence on the underside near the base ; the claw on the inner 
side is greatly enlarged, and bends back across this prominence as 
a straight spine, forming a grasping organ ; beyond this its point 
curves laterally, the other claw and the pulvilli are nearly normal, 
but the latter are inserted a little toward the side instead of 
exactly at the end ; the other tarsi normal, brownish-black beyond 
the first joint, which is short in the hind foot. Middle and hind 
tibiiB a little infuscated at the tip. Wings a little brownish, more 
so along the veins, costa a little thickened in its first part ; the 
fourth vein makes a gradual curve forward throughout its last 
section, the convexity behind (see figure). 

5 . Face wider and more prominent, the two convexities uniting 
below. Pollen more greyish. Palpi larger. Antennae more 
yellowish below. Front tibiae yellow with brownish tip, their tarsi 
simple, coloured like the others. Costa very much thickened before 
the end of the first vein. In one of my females each posterior 
cross- vein has a short stump on the exterior side near the middle. 

Length 4-4"5 mm. ; of wing, 4 mm. 

Four males and four females. May. 

Loew, Neue Beitr.^ v., 1857. 

1. Hercostomus latipes, n. sp. (PI. XII., fig. Ill, tip of 


.^ . Face very narrow in the middle, above and below a little 
wider, with a median groove almost the whole length ; in colour 
yellowish-brown, with thick silvery pollen. Palpi and proboscis 
yellow or a little brownish. Front shining green. Antennte red ; 
third joint brown, oval, slightly pointed, with a dorsal, moderately 
pubescent arista. Cilia of inferior orbit white. Thorax shining 

312 Professor Aldricli on the 

green, sometimes coppery, more so along the front margin. Small 
humeral bristles (Mik) numerous. Viewed from above, there is a 
silvery pollinose spot behind the humerus, and another behind the 
root of the wing. Scutellum coppery. Pleurae mixed light and 
dark green, white-dusted. Tegulse yellow, their cilia black. 
Abdomen coppery, ou the sides more green, and veutrally some- 
what white-dusted. Hypopj'gium large and long, yet scarcely 
pedunculated ; the lamellfe proper are very small, yellow ; the 
outer basal portion of each gives rise to a stout claw, twice as long 
as the lamella itself, black except a little at base, and curving 
upward toward the venter. A row of black bristles runs along the 
outer side of the claw two-thirds of the distance to the tip. CoxaB, 
legs, and feet wholly yellow, the last gradually infuscated toward 
the end. The fore coxae have three large bristles, numerous black 
hairs, and a few smaller bristles. Middle coxa3 with hair and 
bristles. Hind coxaj with the usual bristle. Fore tarsi widened 
from near the tip of the first joint, the under surface destitute of 
the customary black hair, therefore resembling a broad yellow sole. 
All the joints beyond the first are shorter than usual. Hind meta- 
tarsi shorter than following joint. Wings subhyaline, of slender 
outline. Fourth vein converging with the third in its last section, 
less so near the tip, ending distinctly before the apex. Posterior 
cross-vein at right angles to the long axis of the wing. 

5 . Face wider, less narrowed in the middle, without groove ; 
but little white pollinose, except ou the prominent lower part, the 
remainder more greenish or brownish. Palpi a little larger, each 
with a minute bristle as well as fine hairs. The black spot over- 
lying the transverse suture on each side of the thorax is very large, 
rather more so than the male. In one immature specimen the 
coppery colour is but little noticeable, leaving the abdomen and 
scutellum almost pure green. 

Length 3-3^ mm.; of wing, 2^ ram. 

Seven males and five females. 500-1500 altitude. 

Loew, Neue Beitr., viii., 1861. 

1. Pelastoneurus lineatus, n. sp. 

cJ . Front of moderate width, deep blue-green, shining. Face 
narroAV in the middle, wider above and below, the ground colour 
brown, white pollinose. Palpi brownish-yellow, but little visible. 
Antennae red, the first two joints short, the third large, oval, the 

DoUcJiopodidcV uf St. Vincent (^West Indies). 313 

apical half brown ; arista dorsal, black, short, curved, distinctly 
feathered with sparse hairs. Cilia of inferior orbit white. Thorax 
shining green, with a bronze median line extending to the scu- 
tellum ; anteriorly this line is enclosed by the acrostichal bristles ; 
the small humeral bristles occupy a large area. The usual black 
colour accompanies the transverse suture on its upper side. In the 
proper light there is a silvery pollinose spot behind the humerus, 
another above the root of the wing, and a third behind it. Pleurse 
blackish-green, white-dusted. Cilia of tegulaj black. Abdomen 
shining green, the sides of each segment silvery pollinose ; each 
incisure is covered with a broad black band. Hypopygium black, 
exserted, the peduncle nearly as long as a segment of the abdomen ; 
lamellae small, dark-brown, with slender cilia, and on the upper side 
a row of equal short spines. Front coxfe yellow ; middle ones 
brown, except the tips ; hind ones yellow, with browu base. The 
front and middle ones have numerous black hairs ; the former have 
several bristles, the latter only one of any size ; hind coxae with a 
single lateral bristle. Femora and tibiae yellow ; the middle 
femora with a row of delicate, short, light-colouied cilia below. 
Middle and hind femora with preapical bristle. Tarsi yellow, the 
middle and hind ones infuscated toward the tip. Fore pulvilli 
enlarged ; hind metatarsi shortened. Wings slightly infuscated ; 
the last section of the fourth vein bends gently forward, runs 
nearly straight for a distance, then is gradually recurved, ending 
near the third, which bends back at tip. 

^ . Face wider and more yellowish ; palpi and proboscis larger, 
yellow ; third joint of antennae smaller, scarcely infuscated ; dorsal 
stripe wider ; pulvilli normal ; middle femora without cilia. 

Length 4 mm. ; of wing, 3'8. 

Twelve males, five females. Sea level to 1500 feet. May. 

2. Pelastnneurus argentiferus, n. sp. 

(^. Face wide, concave to the suture, convex below, the con- 
cave portion shining green, except that the sides and lower part 
are somewhat silvery pollinose ; this pollen covers the convex part. 
Palpi a little more yellowish. Front violet-green, scarcely shining. 
Antenna3 blackish, the lower side reddish to a variable degree. 
Third joint short when fully developed, in some specimens shrivelled. 
Arista plumose, short, thick at base, rapidly tapering. Cilia of 
inferior orbit whitish. Thorax dark green, but little shining, 
acrostichal bristles in two rows, enclosing an area which is opaque 
as far as the middle. On each side of this, reaching to the inner 

314 Professor Aldricli on the 

dorsal bristles, is a more shining dark-blue area changing to violet 
posteriorly, and also spreading wider, so that most of the posterior 
half of the dorsum is deep violet. Viewing the specimen from 
above and behind, the light striking it from above and in front, 
four silver spots are visible — two just below the transverse suture, 
and behind the humeri, the others above and behind the roots of 
the wings. Scutellum bronze-green. Pleurse green, white-dusted, 
tegulaa light-yellow, their cilia black. Abdomen bronze-green 
above, brighter green on the sides, below the middle of the sides 
white poUinose. Sixth segment entirely silvery pollinose, rather 
thin dorsally. Hypopygium large, blackish-green, considerably 
dusted, sessile, the lamellee developed into rather long upcurved 
black processes, irregular in outline and with numerous black 
bristles of different sizes ; at the base of each of these processes, 
below (dorsad) is a minute, yellowish, yellow-haired appendix, 
— this I take to be the true lamella, homologous with that 
organ in Dolichopus, while the process just described is a develop- 
ment from its upper basal corner, as occurs in some other species of 
the family. Fore coxse yellow, at the base very slightly inf uscated, 
with black hairs and bristles, middle and hind coxaj brownish-black, 
rather largely yellow at apex. Femora and tibiae all yellow, the 
middle and hiud knees very slightly infuscated, middle tibiae 
slightly, the hind ones strongly infuscated at tip. Front tarsi 
only slightly and gradually infuscated, middle ones from tip of 
first joint, hind ones entirely, black. Wings brownish, the fourth 
vein bent forward in a very gentle curve and afterward nearly 
straight, ending close to the third before the apex. 

$ . Face wider, in the middle somewhat brownish ; palpi 
larger. Front blackish-brown, silver spots on thorax smaller, 
but still distinct. Abdomen somewhat coppery, often less bronze. 
Hind tibiae less black at the tip. 

Length 35 mm. ; of wing, 3 mm. 

Eleven males and five females. May, September; one 
specimen marked "Near sea by open stream." 

Bigot, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1859, p. 215. 

1. Paraclius filiferus, n. sp. (PL XI., fig. 102, tip 
of wing.) 

(J. Front of medium width, white pollinose on a green back- 
groimd. Palpi brownish-yellow, the extreme tips only visible, front 

Doliclio'podidie of St. Vincent {West Indies). 315 

rather wider than long, green, shining, with a violet reflection. 
Antennae red; the third joint moderately large, ovate, with a blunt 
point, brown at the apex. Arista short, black, with moderate 
pubescence. Cilia of inferior orbit white. Thorax metallic- 
green. Acrostichal bristles rather large, in two rows, between 
which the colour is more coppery. A large area of small humeral 
bristles ; on this area the colour is also somewhat coppery, and 
w^hitish dusted. Scutellum coppery. Pleurae green, white-poUinose. 
Abdomen shining green, the posterior margins of the segments 
darker, lateral parts white-pollinose. Hypopygium large, exsei'ted 
but sessile, the main part greenish-black coloured with light dust. 
Lamellfe yellow, brownish and rather pointed in front, with slender 
bristles ; the upper basal corner is d"awu out into a long hairy 
filament. All the coxje, femora, and tibiae red ; middle coxse with 
a lateral basal brown spot. Fore and middle coxae with numerous 
black hairs and bristles. Lateral bristle of hind coxae small. 
Middle and hind femora with a preapical bristle. Middle and 
hind tibia3 with large bristles arising from an outer glabrous stripe; 
their tarsi iufuscated from tip of first joint. Hind metatarsus 
short. Wings a little brownish along the costal portion ; venation 
normal ; the curve of the fourth vein is almost a right angle. 
Posterior cross-vein somewhat curved, the convexity outward. 
Length 3'5 mm. ; of wing, 2-8 mm. 

Numerous males and females. Sea-level to 500 feet. 
May, September. 

The female differs in having a wider and less dusted 
face, and somewhat darker tarsi and middle coxae. 

Leptocorypha, n. gen.* 

$ . Face not reaching down to inferior corner of eye. Antennte 
large ; first joint with hair on the upper side, on the inner apical 
side projecting in a short cone ; second joint transverse, attached to 
the first, so as to make an angle toward the side ; third joint large, 
arista dorsal. The lower part of the joint drawn out in a point 
with pile on the front and lower sides. Palpi small. Acrostichal 
bristles in two rows. At a little distance from these, along the 
anterior dorsal margin of the thorax, begins an area of minute, 
closely-set bristles, reaching to the humeri, forming a distinctly 
limited triangular space on each side. Scutellum with two large 

* \ftrT6s, narrow ; Kopv<pij^ apex. 

31 G Professor Aldrich on the 

bristles and two small ones, its disk large. Abdomen short, for 
a male, tapering, the posterior margin of each segment, with a row 
of large bristles, which are longest on the last segment. Hypopy- 
gium disengaged, large, bent forward under the abdomen, the 
lamellae rather small. Fore and middle coxas with bristles and 
hair on the front side ; the hind ones with two bristles on the 
outer side. Middle and hind femora with a pre-apical bristle. 
Hind metatarsus without bristles above. Second and third longi- 
tudinal veins straight, moderately divergent ; fourth curving 
abruptly forward about the middle of its last segment, then gradu- 
ally curving in the other direction, so that near the extremity it 
has a concavity behind, ending near the third vein. Posterior 
cross- vein a little more than its length from the margin. 

1. Leptocorypha ])avo, n. sp. (PL XII., fig. 112, wing.) 
$ . Bright, metallic-greeu. Front wide, bright-green, a little 
concave. Face moderately narrow, wider above, covered with a 
smooth coat of whitish pollen. Palpi but little visible, yellow, 
with only one or two very minute bristles. Cilia of the inferior 
orbit whitish, no long hairs behind them. Occiput flat. Antenna 
large, reddish, first joint hairy above, broad at the end, drawn out 
on the inner corner into a cone ; second joint transverse, hairy 
above ; third joint very large. Viewed from the side, the last on 
its proximal, lower corner runs back entirely past the second joint. 
It is very high, rounded above, the arista dorsal rather short and 
stout with long pubescence, the lower distal portion of the joint 
drawn out into a long up-curved point, densely short, pilose on 
the inner and lower side. It reaches about to the middle of the 
arista, and beyond its end the latter has longer pubescence than 
before it. This third joint in outline is similar to that of some 
species of Tahanus. Thorax very bright metallic-green, somewhat 
whitish-dusted about the front part. The triangular areas of fine 
bristles above mentioned are on a bronze ground colour. Trans- 
verse suture very far forward, a black spot along its upper side. 
Scutellum long, nearly rectangular on its disk. Pleurse mostly 
black, dusted lightly with white, around the base of raiddle and 
hind COX93 more or less yellow. That thin fold of the integument 
which, in many species of this family, begins just above the hind 
coxae and expands upward, so as to partially embrace the first 
abdominal segment, is strikingly conspicuous in my specimens of 
this species. Halteres and tegute yellow. Cilia of the latter 
black. Abdomen bright-green, a narrow line of black along the 
posterior border of each segment, numerous black hairs and a 

DolicJwpodid^ of St. Vincent {West Indies). 317 

posterior row of long bristles on each segment. The bristles of 
the fifth segment are a little longer than the segment. The exserted 
hypopygiam is large, yellow throughout, except that the pedicel 
is brownish at the base, and the lamellaj are bordered with brown- 
ish. Bristles of the latter yellow, comparatively weak. Coxte, 
femora, and tibise all yellow. Tarsi yellow at base, uniformly a 
little brownish toward the tip, on account of the covering of 
minute dark hairs. Pulvilli of ordinary size. Venation of the 
wings are in the description of the genus. Length 3'25 mm.; of 
wing, 3 mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent, West Indies. Altitude, 
one 500 and one 1000 ft. 

Loew, Neue Beitr., v., 1857. 

1. Anepsius linearis, n. sp. 

$ . Thoracic dorsum shining green. Abdomen yellow and 
black. Legs yellow. Front very short, opaque, greyish. Face 
white, long, so narrow as to be almost invisible, stni the eyes in 
well-preserved specimens are not contiguous ; just below the 
antenna the face widens. Antennae brownish or yellowish, long ; 
the first joint elongate, with a few hairs above ; the second and 
third of about equal size, the latter with a blunt point directed a 
little upward. Arista basal, bare, its first joint thick. Cilia of 
the orbit apparently wanting in all my specimens. Thorax bright 
green. Acrostichal bristles in two rows. Scutellum with one 
large and one minute bristle on each side. Pleurae non-metallic, 
brown, toward the coxje, and along the hind border yellowish. 
Halteres yellow. Cilia of tegulae blackish, one or two yellow. 
Abdomen elongate, laterally compressed, black, non-metallic, 
second, third, and fourth segments across the dorsum yellow, 
except the fore and hind margins, venter yellow. Hypopygium 
small, scarcely exserted, the yellowish appendages minute. The 
hairs on the sides of the abdomen and on the venter are long and 
yellowish; on the dorsum they are short and brown. Coxa3 and 
legs light yellow, only the hind tarsi slightly infuscated. Hairs of 
fore and middle coxa3 sparse and delicate ; hind coxa with a single 
slender blackish latei'al bristle. Fore tarsi one-and-a-half times as 
long as the tibise ; the pulvilli strongly enlarged. Middle tibia 
just below the knee, with two or three weak bristles in a group ; 
middle tarsi longer than their tibia. Hind femora with considerable 
hair, especially on the fore side ; hind tibise long, a little clavate, 

TJIANS. ENT. see. LOND. 1896. — PAKT III. (SEPT.) 22 

318 Professor Aldricli on the 

on the hind side below the middle with a row of small bi'istles. 
Hind metatarsus thickened, half as long as the following joint. 
"Wings broad, yellowish ; first and second veins far from the costa, 
fourth only gently curved, ending behind the apex, nearly parallel 
to the third. Posterior cross- vein long, almost twice its length 
from the border ; second posterior cell large. Anal angle well 

$ . Much smaller than male. First joint of antennae not 
elongated. Arista scarcely thickened. Face moderately narrow, 
parallel, the palpi and proboscis rather prominent, brownish. 
Abdomen usually not compressed, the dorsum wholly brownish- 
black ; venter yellowish. Fore pulvilli not enlarged. Hind tibite 
as in the male, but the bristles fewer and shorter. Wings a little 

Length, male, 2*6 ; female, 1"7 mm. 

1000 to 1500 feet altitude. June. Numerous males 
and females. 


Osten Sacken, Western Diptera, 317, 1877. 

This genus will have to be somewhat amended, as it 
should evidently include the following species. Baron 
Osten Sacken, in establishing it, had only one species, 
and consequently did not succeed in separating per- 
fectly the generic and specific characters. The long cilia 
of the tegulte, absence of acrostichal bristles, and large 
swelling of the costa, are characters that pertain only to 
the male of P. flabellifer, and are not generic. In the 
species here described, the hind metatarsi are in the male 
decidedly, in the female slightly, shorter than the follow- 
ing joint. Mr. Samuel Henshaw, at my request, kindly 
examined the types of P. flabellifer in the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., and informs me 
that the hind metatarsi are not shorter than the following 

In the generic diagnosis, add " above " to the clause, 
" First joint of hind tarsi without bristles." 

1. Polymedon siqjerbus, n. sp. (PI. XI., fig. 103, head 

of $. PI. XII., fig. 113, wing; fig. 118, head of 

? ; fig. 119, head of 6.) 

$ . Head large and high. Face wide ; about half-way to the 

lower corner of the eye it is bent backward obliquely and grows 

Dolicliopodidai of St. Vincent {West Indies). 319 

gradually wider ; beyond the lower corner of the eye it hangs 
down in a thin sheet, rounded below, about as far as its own width. 
The mouth parts hang down behind this. The whole face is 
silvery white. The proboscis and palpi are brown. Front some- 
what excavated, deep metallic-blue, approaching violet in colour, 
very slightly dusted in the middle ; along each side and across 
behind the ocelli white pollinose. Antennae situated far above the 
middle of the face, directed strongly upward, as compared to the 
head alone ; the latter, however, stands in an oblique position, 
strongly receding below, so that the antenna3 are in reality directed 
straight forward. Immediately below their origin there is an 
angle in the profile of the head, and it begins to recede. First 
joint of the antennae long and slender, yellow, with hairs above, 
the second projects considerably in a rounded curve over the inner 
edge of the third ; it is also yellow. Third joint large rounded, a 
little longer than high, with a slight point. The arista is dorsal, 
thick, short, nearly bare, curved downward, brown in colour. 
Third joint of antennte brown at the tip. Cilia of inferior orbit 
white. Occiput dark-green, dusted on each side. Dorsum of 
thorax shining metallic-green, in an oblique view, more blue or 
violet, darker and more bluish near the borders. Acrostichal 
bristles two rowed ; a considerable area of small humeral bristles. 
The transverse suture is wholly bronze-black, which colour extends 
narrowly toward the anterior. Just below this is an elongate 
silvery pollinose spot, reaching forward to a point above the 
humerus. Pleurte greenish- black, covered with bluish white dust. 
Tegulfe infuscated, with black cilia. Hal teres yellow. Scutellum 
shining bluish-green, with a very large and a very small bristle on 
each side. Between the corner of the scutellum and the root of 
tlie wing is an excavated area, black, with a handsome silver spot. 
Abdomen bluish-green, with rather long bristles bordering the 
segments behind. When viewed in the proper light, each segment 
beyond the first is white pollinose on the anterior half, except in 
the middle of the dorsum. Toward the venter this pollen becomes 
dense and silvery. In the same light the posterior half of each 
segment is deep metallic violet-blue. Hypopygium large, exser ted, 
turned under the venter. It is opaque-black, except some of the 
inner parts, which are brownish or yellowish. The lamellae are 
large, parallelogram shaped, somewhat oblique, black. Along 
the upper margin of each are two slender curved yellow bristles, 
some distance apart. Fore and middle coxse with a few hairs and 
bristles ; hind ones with a single lateral bristle. Fore coxaa yellow, 
the others brownish-black. Femora and tibiae yellow. Tarsi 
blackened from the middle of the first joint, middle tarsi a little 

320 Professor Aldrich on the 

crooked near the middle. Hind metatarsi three-fourths the length 
of the following joint, with a small but distinct bristle on the 
underside. Wings a little smoky ; venation much as in Tachy 
trechus (Loew, Mon. N. A. Dol., PI. III., 6) ; the third vein, how- 
ever, is bent backward by a very gentle curve, beginning before 
the middle of the wing ; the fourth vein runs in a straight line 
past the cross- vein for a distance about equal to the length of that 
vein, then bends forward in a gentle curve and is almost straight 
for the rest of its course, but with a slight convexity forward. It 
ends some distance before the apex, near the third vein. Costa 
scarcely swollen before the end of the first vein. Fifth vein 
attenuated near the end, obsolete before the border. 

5 . Face white poUinose of about the same width as in the 
male, ending in a point below, which reaches fully to the lower edge 
of the eyes. Palpi and proboscis rather small, brownish. First 
joint of the antennae shorter than in the male, all the joints 
blackened along the upper border. Middle tarsi simple ; hind 
metatarsi but little shorter tlian the following joint. General 
colour of thorax and abdomen deep blue, verging into green, 

Length 4—4-75 mm. ; of wing, 4-'2 mm. 

Eleven males and eight females ; one label reads, 
"Richmond A^alley, Forest. 1800 feet, December 31. On 
stones along stream ; " another, " This species lights on 
rocks in the beds of mountain streams above 1000 feet. 
Very warj." 

The green, blue, and silver colours of this species are 
so changeable in different lights that they are difficult to 
describe. There will be no difficulty in recognizing the- 


Meigen, Syst. Beschr., iv., 1824. 
1. Diaj)horus opaciis, Loew. 

This species was based by Loew on a single male 
specimen from New York, and a female froTn Pennsyl- 
vania was doubtfully referred to it. The length of these 
specimens is 3 mm. I have numerous representatives 

Dolichopodidfe of 8t. Vincent (West Indies). 321 

of a species from St. Vincent, West Indies, which agree 
substantially with the description, but are only 2 mm. 
long ; in the males also the hairs on the underside of the 
middle femora seem to be less conspicuous. It would 
not be safe to describe the species as new without com- 
parison with the types of opacus ; for the pi'esent I 
consider it a small form of the latter. 

In the West Indian specimens, it is difficult to separate 
Diaphorus from Chrijsotus. When the face and front 
are parallel, I have followed the general rule of referring 
all to Chrysotus that did not show in the male sex 
elongated front pulvilli or large bristles at the end of 
the abdomen. 

2. Diaphoriis approxlmatus , n. sp. 

$ . Face white pollinose, rectangular, the ground colour 
blackish ; the eyes approximated on the front so as almost to 
touch, the two frontal triangles and the narrow strip connecting 
them whitish pollinose. Antennaj short, third joint crescent 
shaped, with apical arista ; second joint with several radiating 
black hairs of moderate length. Cilia of inferior orbit white. 
Dorsum of thorax green, dusted with yellow, not very shining ; 
pleura black with grey dust. Halteres and tegulas yellow, the 
cilia of the latter brown, sometimes a little mixed with white. 
Abdomen shining dark-green, with black hairs above, which change 
to reddish on the sides ; hair of the venter long, delicate, pale. 
The four bristles at the apex of the abdomen are small. Hypopy- 
gium concealed. Coxae black ; femora brownish-black, yellow at 
tip : on the outer and lower edge of the fore femora, near the tip 
is a row of long hairs. Tibiae yellow, tarsi infuscated from tht 
tip of the first joint, pulvilli of fore tarsi enlarged. Wings 
slightly brownish, very broad ; the greatest width is about the 
middle ; the third vein toward the tip curves noticeably backward. 
Length 3 mm.; of wing, 2*5 mm. 

Numerous males. Sea level to 1000 feet. May. The 
tegular cilia seem to be pale in some lights and brown 
in others. 

3. Biapliorus parvulus, n. sp. 

Minute, shining green ; legs yellow ; cilia of tegula, and of 
inferior orbit pale ; eyes of male broadly separated. 

$ . Face blackish ; with grey dust ; palpi brownish-yellow, 

322 Professor Aldrich on the 

front shining green, broader than face ; antennae black, third joint 
rather large, with subapical arista. Cilia of interior orbit white. 
Thorax shining green, a little dusted ; bristles black ; pleurae 
black, with thin grey dust. Abdomen shining bronze-green, 
venter yellowish ; the black bristles at apex not present ; hypopy- 
gium concealed, the tips of two small, yellow appendages 
risible ; hair of abdomen black, below somewhat reddish. Fore 
coxfe yellow, with yellow hairs ; middle coxse pale at tip, the basal 
half or more blackish ; hind tibiae yellow with dark base. Femora, 
tibiae and tarsi yellow, the last one or two joints of the tar^i 
infuscated ; the femora sometimes have a brownish tinge. Fore 
tarsi one and a-half times the length of the tibia3, with enlarged 
pulvilli ; the other pulvilli of equal size scarcely enlarged. The 
erect lateral bristle of the middle tibiae very large. Wings 
yellowish, with yellow veins and the usual configuration. 

9 . Antennae, particularly the third joint, smaller. Pulvilli 
plain ; otherwise as in the male. 

Length 1 -2 mm. ; of wing, the same. 

Three males, three females, 1500-2000 feet. May, 

4. Diaphorus dimidiatus, n. sp. 

Light green, whitish pruinose ; basal half of abdomen yellow. 

(J. Face and front concolorous, bluish-green with grey dust ; 
lower part of the face rather narrow, palpi rather large, pale 
yellow, with black hairs; antennte blackish, third joint very short, 
with dorsal arista ; cilia of lateral and inferior orbit pale, the 
lower ones long. Thorax light green, somewhat bluish, wholly 
pruinose with white ; in the middle of the dorsum a little shining ; 
pleuraj concolorous with the dorsum, opaque ; halteres large, pale 
yellow; tegulae pale yellow with black cilia. Second and third 
segments of the abdomen light yellow, with black ihairs ; fourth 
and fifth segments shining green, a little coppery ; the four apical 
bristles large ; hypopygium concealed, with scarcely visible 
appendages. Fore coxaj pale yellow, with long black bristles and 
a few small black hairs on the front side ; middle coxae black with 
yellow tip, with rather coarse black bristles on the front side ; 
hind coxa3 brownish-yellow, more black at base, purer yellow at 
tip, with a single lateral bristle. Femora, tibiae and tarsi yellow, 
the last two or three joints of the tarsi infuscated ; the fore tarsi 
are longer than the tibije, with pulvilli as long as the third 
joint ; middle tarsi proportionally a little shorter, their pulvilli 

Dolichoitodidx, of St. Vincent (West Indies). 323 

almost the same size. Middle tibiae on the outer front edge with 
two bristles besides the one at the tip ; hind tibias slender, with a 
few small bristles behind. Wings rather narrow, subhyaline, with 
yellow veins. The anterior end of the large cross-vein is in the 
centre of the wing. Length 2 mm.; of wing, 1"8 mm. 

Five males. May. This species belongs to the group 
of D. lioffmanseggii, Meig., of Europe, and D. satrapa, 
Wheeler, of Nebraska, but is readily distinguished by 
the characters given. 

5. Diaphonis contigiius, n. sp. 

Brownish, opaque species, or sometimes slightly shining ; 
femora black, tibise yellow ; cilia of inferior orbit and of 
tegulge blackish ; eyes of male broadly contiguous. 

(^. Face opaque, blackish, short ; palpi brown ; antennae very 
short arista sub-apical ; ocellar tubercle prominent ; cilia of in- 
ferior orbit almost black, yet in certain lights rather brownish. 
Dorsum of thorax opaque-brown, the ground colour being blackish 
and the thick dust light-brown. Pleural black with thinner and 
greyer dust ; halteres and tegula3 yellow, the latter with black cilia. 
Abdomen opaque-black with black hairs ; the apical bristles large ; 
appendages of the hypopygium not or scarcely visible. Coxae and 
femora black, the latter with yellowish tips. Front femora along 
the lower and outer edge with a row of long hairs ; middle and 
hind femora with a few rather long hairs near the tip on the fore 
side ; tibiae yellow, with only few and weak bristles, except at tip. 
Fore tarsi once and a half as long as the tibife, the pulvilli large ; 
middle tarsi scarcely longer than the tibiae, the pulvilli small ; all 
the tarsi infuscated from about the third joint. Wings very 
broad near the base on account of the extraoi'dinary development 
of the anal angle ; first vein farther from the margin than 

$ . Face and front of equal width, the face remarkably broad 
and short, greyish brown : the large palpi of the same colour ; 
front opaque-brown ; front femora destitute of long hairs ; bristles 
of posterior tibife stronger than in the male ; wings, although very 
broad, not quite so much so as in the male. 

Length 2 mm. ; of wing, 1'8 mm. 

Eleven males, seven females. May. 

6. Diapliorus jiavipes, n. np. 
Pure green, lightly dusted ; cilia of teguliB and inferior orbit 
pale ; legs yellow ; eyes of male contiguous. 

324 Professor Aldrich on the 

(^. Face short, small, greyish pollinose ; antennaB small, 
bfowaish, second and third joints short but rather large, with 
almost apical arista. Eyes contiguous for a moderate distance ; 
palpi and proboscis yellow ; cilia of inferior orbit white. Thorax 
green, slightly dusted, the smaller bristles of a rusty reddish colour, 
the larger ones at the tips the same, but black at base ; pleurae 
blackish, grey-dusted. Halteres large, pure sulphur yellow, tegulse 
brownish-yellow with yellow cilia. Abdomen shining bronze-green, 
venter yellowish ; hairs of abdomen yellow, the apical bristles not 
present ; hypopygium concealed, only some minute yellow appen- 
dages visible. Coxas femora, tibiae and tarsi yellow, the middle 
coxfe largely blackish at base and the tips of the tarsi a little 
brownish ; bristles of tibiae extremely small and weak, except at 
the tips of the posterior ones. Fore tai'si longer than tibise, pulvilli 
enlarged ; pulvilli of middle tarsi scarcely at all enlarged. Wings 
yellowish, with yellow veins, widest about the middle. 

$ . Front as wide as the face below, a little wider above, 
shining green, with yellow dust below and at the sides ; thorax 
shining green with yellow dust, the larger bristles scarcely reddish 
at 'tip ; yellow hair of the abdomen rather dense near the tip ; 
bristles of the posterior tibite larger than in the male ; pulvilli 

Length 2-2" 4 mm. ; of wing, 2 mm. 

Numerous males and females. March to September. 
Sea-level to 2000 feet. 

7. Dia'plioriis duhius, n. sp. 

Greenish-bronze, moderately shining ; eyes of male not approxi- 
mated ; femora black, tibia yellow. 

$ . Face obscurely dusted with gi-eenish- white, parallel ; front 
green, shining only in a band across the vertex, the remainder 
yellowish dusted ; antennce black, the third joint very short, sub- 
reniform, with apical arista; cilia of inferior orbit pale, palpi and 
proboscis blackish, the former of ordinary size. Thorax bronze- 
green, a little shining : the pleurte blackish, with white dust, more 
conspicuous posteriorly ; halteres and tegulfe yellow, the tegular 
cilia black. Abdomen bronze-green with a coppery reflection, 
sometimes scarcely at all green ; its hairs are black, on the lower 
side less so and longer ; the four stout black hairs at the apex are 
well-marked in some specimens, in others not. Hypopygium con- 
cealed, its appendages small and inconspicuous. CoxiB and femora 
black, trochanters and tips of femora reddish ; the fore cox^ with 

DolichopocUdie of 8t. Vincent {West Indies). 325 

black hairs on the front side, middle coxae with a few coarse 
Wackish hairs in front, hind coxte with a single lateral bristle ; 
near the end of each femur, on the outer side, are three or four 
larger hairs ; on the anterior side of the middle tibia just below 
the knee, is a single erect bristle, on the posterior side of the hind 
tibifB are two or three small bristles. The pulvilli of the fore 
tarsi are enlarged ; fore and middle tarsi infuscated from the tip 
of the iirst joint, the length of the former exceeding that of their 
tibite ; hind tarsi shorter than their tibias, the inf uscation beginning 
near the base. Wings of only ordinary width, subhyaliue, the 
fourth vein ending exactly in the apex, the outline is more rounded 
before the apex than behind it. 

Length 2'4-2-7 mm. ; of wing, the same. 

Numerous males and females. 500-1500 feet altitude. 

This species differs from sodalis, Loew, by its smaller 
size and black hairs on the fore coxEe. The female of 
duhius differs from the male in having a slightly wider 
face, smaller antennas, shorter and thicker abdomen, the 
femora without longer hairs, and the tibite with stronger 
bristles. In a large series of specimens I notice con- 
siderable variation : some of the specimens if alone 
would no doubt be referred to Glirysotus. 

Meigen, Syst. Beschr., iv., 1 824. 

1. Glirysotus excisus, n. sp. 

(J. Eyes broadly contiguous on the face, with an area of 
■enlarged facets ; front broad, short, deep bluish-green to bronze- 
green in colour ; palpi and proboscis blackish. Antennae black, the 
third joint very large, kidney-shaped, hairy along the outer part ; 
arista apical, arising from a deep notch in the joint. In some 
specimens this peculiarity is but little developed ; in others it is 
very distinct ; in some specimens the point below the notch is 
longer than the one above, giving the arista a subapicai position. 
Cilia of inferior orbit small, brownish. Dorsum of thorax 
bright bluish-green, sometimes more bronze or coppery ; pleura 
black ; tegulee and halteres yellow to brown, the former with black 
cilia. Abdomen short, thick, black, scarcely with a green reflection ; 
hypopygium concealed, sometimes with a minute brownish appen- 
dage or two barely visible. Feet black ; from the knees down 

326 Professor Aldrich on the 

sometimes more brownish than black, with close black hair. Fore 
tarsi longer than the tibiaj ; the middle and hind femora have near 
the tip below a few bristles ; the latter not ciliated. Wings 
almost hyaline, rather small in size, of the usual shape. 

$ . Face blackish, of ordinary structure ; third joint of 
antennte not so large nor so deeply notched as in some of the 
males ; halteres j^ellow. 

Length l-7-2"l mm. : of wing, the same. 

Numerous males and females. 500-2000 feet altitude. 

2. Chrysotus iwoximus, n. sp. 

Differs from the preceding species only in having the legs from 
the knees down light yellow ; some of the males have the third 
joint even larger ; the average size is smaller. In some specimens 
the trochanters also are yellow. Length l'6-2 mm.; of wing, 
the same. 

Numerous specimens, as above. 

3. Chrysotus jiavus, n. sp. 

Wholly pure yellow species ; eyes of male contiguous on the 

(J . Palpi large, about half as long as the face, yellow ; eye 
contiguous, leaving a blackish triangle below the antenure ; front 
very broad at vertex, narrow towards the antennse, dark in colour,, 
probably metallic in living specimens ; antenna; rather large, the 
third joint a little elongated with a subapical brownish arista ; the 
colour of the anteunfe is wholly yellow ; cilia of lateral and 
inferior orbit yellow. Thorax with pleurae wholly yellow, the 
bristles blackish, but in a strong light more yellowish. Cilia of 
tegulae brown ; below the tegula a small blackish spot. Metanotum 
strongly developed. Abdomen yellow, the dorsum blackish except 
at base ; the first segment has a row of long hairs, black above, at 
the sides yellow. The hair of the dorsum is blackish, of 
the rest yellow. The abdomen as a whole is short, the hypo- 
pygium concealed, a few minute yellow organs visible. Legs from 
coxa to tarsus wholly pure yellow, with yellow hairs and bristles ; 
middle and hind tibiae rather bristly, the hind tarsi with small 
bristles below. Wings almost hyaline ; fourth vein perfectly 
straight in its last segment, ending behind the apex. 

§ . Face very narrow, white pollinose ; palpi long, broader 
than in the male, resting on the very large yellow proboscis. 

DoUchopodida} of St. Vincmt (West Inclies). 327 

Abdomen only a little blackish above, but still with black 

Length TG mm. ; of wing, 1'6 mm. 

One male, one female. 1000 feet. 

4. Chrysotus alhipal'pus, n. sp. 

Minute blackish species, the male with contiguous eyes and 
large white palpi. 

$ . Eyes briefly contiguous or just touching on the face, with 
some very large facets at this point ; the palpi are large, snow- 
white ; the front, and also the facial triangle below the eyes 
j'ellow-dusted on a green colour. Antennaj small, black, the third 
joint not enlarged, rounded, with apical arista. Cilia of inferior 
orbit white and rather long. Dorsum of thorax green, somewhat 
golden, moderately shining ; a dark stripe along the lateral edge. 
Pleurae black with white dust ; tegular somewhat iufuscated, with 
black cilia ; halteres yellow. Abdomen dark green, scarcely 
shining, short, somewhat clubbed toward the apex. Hypo- 
pygium concealed, some small dark processes slightly visible, more 
remote than usual from the apex of abdomen. Coxae and femora 
black, the former with pale hairs ; tibiae vai-ying from yellow to 
brown ; bases of tarsi concolorous with tibiaj, tips darker. Pulvilli 
of fore tarsi considerably, of the middle tarsi less, enlarged. Wings 
tinged with brown, considerably rounded behind, fourth vein 
ending in the apex. 

$ . Face of moderate width, white pollinose, tibiae usually 
light-yellow. Otherwise substantially as in the male. 

Length 1-5 ; of wing, 1"3 mm. 

Numerous specimens. May, June. 500-1500 feet. 

The variability of this species is somewhat puzzling ; 
in some specimens the abdomen is deep violet, in others 
the halteres are yellowish-white. 

5. Chrysotus niger, n. sp. 

Palpi brownish ; eyes not quite contiguous ; face and front 
opaque black, the latter a little greenish. Dorsum of thorax black, 
scarcely greenish. Pleurae, abdomen, cox«, and femora black, the 
00X98 with brown hairs. Halteres black, the stem brown ; tibiae and 
tarsi blackish, sometimes more brownish, in the female yellowish- 
brown and the femora brown. Otherwise as the preceding species. 
Length TSmm. 

Seven males, six females. 

328 Professor Aldrich on the 

6. Chrysotus hirsutus, n. sp. 

^ . Palpi prominent, pale yellow ; eyes contiguous on the face, 
leaving a whitish-dusted triangle below the antenna3 ; front shining 
green ; antennse small, black, with apical arista ; cilia of lateral 
and inferior orbits white. Dorsum of thorax bright green ; 
pleurfe blackish, with dense whitish dust : cilia of tegulaj brownish- 
yellow ; tegulffi and halteres yellow. Abdomen shining green at 
the base, more blackish posteriorly, with black hairs ; hypopygium 
concealed, only a small appendage or two, with rather long yellow 
hairs visible. Fore cox:3e yellow, dark at base, with a group of 
brown bristles near the tip ; middle and hind coxaj blackish, with 
yellow tip. Fore femora, tibiae, and four joints of tarsi yellow, 
the last tarsal joint blackened, with enlarged pulvilli ; the fore 
femora are a little thickened, and on the underside have a row of 
brownish hairs ; the tibiae on the underside have a row of long, 
closely-appi'essed hairs. The middle femoi'a have a row of hairs, 
like the front ones ; their tarsi are blackened from the tip of the 
first joint, and the pulvilli are small. The hind femora are 
thickened, the apical third infuscated. The row of hairs below 
ends near the tip, with four or five coarse bristles ; knees yellow ; 
hind tibiae yellow with a brown stripe down the whole length of 
the outer side, upon which is situated a dense row of bushy brown 
hairs ; these hairs continue down the tarsus, becoming smaller 
beyond the first joint ; the tarsi are very short and tapering, the 
first joint about two-thirds as long as all the rest ; they are gradu- 
ally infuscated beyond the first joint. Wings hyaline; fourth 
vein a little bent just beyond the posterior cross-vein, ending in 
the apex ; the curve before the apex is but little fuller than that 
behind it. 

$ . Face rather broad, white pollinose ; fore coxa; with rather 
numerous yellowish hairs; femora not perceptibly thickened, these 
and the tibife without rows of hairs ; hind femora with two or 
three pre-apical bristles, only its tip infuscated. The hind tibiae 
have several stout bristles, and the metatarsus is scarcely half as 
long as the following joints, all of which are plain. 

Length 1'6 mm. ; of wing, 1*4 mm. 

Numerous males and females. March, May. Sea- 
levelto 1000 feet. 

This species will probably form a new genus. I place 
it here provisional]}'-, on account of the male eyes. 

Dolichopodidx of St. Vincent {West Indies) . 329 

7. Chrysotus long{pal2Jus, n. sp. 

^. Palpi pale yellow, toward the tip whiter, almost as long as 
the head is high, proportionately rather narrow ; face slender iu 
the middle, where the eyes almost touch, light dusted on the 
triangle below the antennas ; front deep violet, not very shiniug ; 
antenoEB yellow or brownish-yellow, last joint hairy, with sub- 
apical arista ; cilia of inferior orbit pale. Dorsum of thorax green, 
moderately shining. Pleurae black, with delicate pale dust. Cilia 
of teguliB blackish or brownish; hal teres yellow. Abdomen bluish- 
black, somewhat shining, with black hairs ; hypopygium concealed. 
Coxas yellow, the middle ones dark at base ; femora and tibiae 
yellow, in some ill-preserved specimens the hind ones a little 
brownish ; the first joint of the fore tarsi is about as long as all 
the rest ; the second, third, and fourth joints are slightly com- 
pressed, from the tip of the first joint all are infuscated. Hind 
femora with about three pre-apical bristles in a row, the tibias 
rather hairy, and the tarsi infuscated from the tip of the second 
joint. Wings hyaline, of the ordinary type, fourth vein ending in 
the apex. 

$ . Palpi normal, face violet, like the front ; only the fourth 
and fifth joints of the tarsi, with extreme tips of the preceding, 
are infuscated. 

Length 1 mm. ; of wing, 1 mm. 

Nine males, three females. May. 500-1500 feet. 

8. Chrysotus ly'ictlcornis. 

Loew, Monogr., ii., 184 ; Wheeler, Psyche, June, 1890, 
p. 358. 

Numerous specimens ; both sexes. May. Sea-level to 
500 feet. 

9. Chrysotus acutus, n. sp. 

^ . Eyes contiguous for a considerable distance on the face ; 
palpi dark ; front opaque black ; antennfe black, rather large, the 
third joint large, with dense brown hair, drawn out in an acute 
point, before the tip of which the arista is inserted. Thorax green, 
moderately shining, sometimes considerably dulled and more 
brownish ; pleurae black. Halteres and tegulce, with the tegular 
cilia, black. Abdomen black ; hypopygium concealed. Coxeb 
brown, the anterior ones with blackish hairs ; femora brown, vary- 
ing somewhat in depth of colour the hind oues with a row of four 

330 Professor Aldricli on the 

or five small pre-apical bristles ; tibia) yellow, the hind ones a little 
darker ; tarsi yellow, fourth and fifth joints of the fore ones black, 
the posterior ones gradually infuscated from the tip of the first 
joint. On the front side of the fore tibia is a row of small but 
distinct white hairs. Wings somewhat infuscated, of the usual 
shape, fourth vein ending very slightly before the exact apex. 
Length 1-1 mm.; of wing, 1 mm. 

Seven males. 600-1000 feet. 

10. Clir D solus inermis, n. sp. 

$ . Face of moderate width, parallel, blackish-green, but little 
dusted ; palpi dark ; front shining green, slightly dusted ; cilia of in- 
ferior orbit brownish -yellow ; antennte black, the third joint short, a 
little hairy, with apical arista. Dorsum of thorax shining green, 
thinly covei'ed with yellow dust ; pleurse black, yellowish dusted ; 
cilia of tegulae brown, halteres yellow. Abdomen rather dull coppery 
colour, verging into blackish, the hairs brownish ; hypopygium 
concealed. Coxae yellow, the middle ones black nearly to the 
tip, the fore and middle ones with yellow hairs; femora and 
tibige yellow ; the middle tibi« with an erect bristle below the 
knee, the hind ones with two or three small bristles behind, other- 
wise the tibiae are free from bristles except at apex ; tarsi yellow, 
only a little infuscated at the extreme tip ; fore pulvilli ilarge, 
middle ones only a little larger than the hind ones. Wings 
yellowish, the fourth vein ending in the apex, posterior cross- 
vein short, located before the middle. 

$ . Face green, white-dusted ; proboscis, cilia of inferior orbit 
and those of the tegulfe paler than in the male ; venter slightly 
yellowish at base. 

Length l"6-2 mm.; of wing, l-5-l"8 mm. 

Seven males, numerous females. May and July. 
500-2000 feet altitude. 

The females of this species so closely resemble those 
of Diaphorus favipes, that they can scarcely be 
separated, I could find no distinct difierences. 

11. Chrysotus apicalis, n. sp. 

^. Front shining green, wide ; face of same colour with a 
little pollen, narrowed in the middle, owing to an area of enlarged 
facets in the eye ; eyes somewhat emarginate at the level of the 
antennsB ; palpi yellow ; antennae black, the first joint bare, this 
and the second of ordinary structure ; the third joint crescent 

Dolichopodidai of St. Vincent {West Indies). 331 

shaped, in its vertical diameter very large, on the apical side near 
the middle suddenly drawn out into a long, narrow point ; arista 
inserted just before, or in some cases almost exactly at, the apex 
of the prolongation, moderately long, pubescent ; the whole inner 
and lower surface of the third joint is light pilose. Cilia of the 
inferior orbit white, a considerable amount of long white hair 
behind them. Thorax golden-green on the middle, more or less 
covered with pollen, around the margins more pollinose ; acrosti- 
chal bristles few, in two rows ; the small humeral bristles number 
only about half-a-dozen on a side ; about the base of each large 
bristle is a black dot. Pleurae greenish-black, dusted with white. 
Tegulee and halteres light yellow, cilia of the former whitish. 
Abdomen dark green, more or less thickly dusted, sometimes with 
a bronze reflection. Seen from above, the first segment is very 
broad with parallel sides ; the rest are successively narrower, 
rapidly tapering. The green colour ends with the fifth segment, 
the following one is black. From the side, the abdomen is slender 
the dorsum and venter nearly parallel to the fifth segment. The 
following two are somewhat excavated on the under side, but only 
the tips of one or two small organs are visible. Coxaj black, 
about the apex sometimes slightly yellowish. The front and 
middle ones with a few black hairs and bristles on the front side ; 
hind ones with one lateral bristle. Front and middle femora 
yellow, with more or less of a blackish tinge along the upper side. 
The middle ones are lighter-coloured than the front ones. Hind 
femora wholly greenish-black. All the tibia3-yellow, tarsi-yellow, 
gradually infuscated from the tip of the first joint. Pul villi of 
ordinary size. In one single specimen out of fifty examined there 
is, on the middle of the lower surface of one of the hind 
metatarsi, a slender erect bristle. This is probably abnormal. 
Venation normal, the same as figured by Loew for C. obliquus 
(Mon., N.A. DoL, PL VI., 31). 

5 . Face rather wide, not narrowed in the middle ; this and the 
front often with a steel-blue reflection, somewhat dusted with 
white or yellowish. Below the middle of the face the contour is 
interrupted by a suture, except in the middle ; below this the face 
is more prominent. The oral cavity and the proboscis are much 
larger than in the male. Palpi large, flat, yellow, sometimes 
brownish, with white or yellow pollen. Proboscis projecting 
below the head, black. Antennae as in the male, but the third 
joint not at all drawn out, simply crescent -shaped, at most a little 
triangular. Arista apparently apical. Behind the orbital cilia 
but a few hairs. Colour of thorax and abdomen more opaque than 

332 Professor Aldricli on the 

in the male. Fore and middle femora yellow, hind ones slightly 
yellow at base and tip. 

Length 2 mm.; of wing, I'S mm. 

Numerous specimens. Sea level to 1000 feet. May. 


Loew, Centur., viii., 58, 1869. 

1. Asyndetus frcdellus, n. sp. (PL XII., fig. 114, tip of 


^ . Green, thickly dusted, not shining except on femora and 
slightly on abdomen. Face very broad, the sides parallel, covered 
with opaque, whitish dust. Palpi rather large, with black hairs 
and whitish-dusted. Front very broad, like the face in colour but 
a very little less dusted, showing more of the underlying green. 
Anteunse black, short, the second and third joint together nearly 
circular in outline. Arista dorsal. Orbital cilia black above, 
white below. Thorax heavily dusted with brownish, not at all 
shining, a single scattering row of very minute acrostichal bristles. 
On each side of the broad, median dorsal stripe is an ill-defined, 
light-blue dusted stripe, so that the brown colour appears to form 
three broad longitudinal bands, the lateral ones so wide as to 
extend down over the pleurae for some distance, the blue colour 
reaches the corners of the scutellum, and the latter is wholly blue, 
except a narrow trace of brown along the posterior border. It has 
two large bristles. Pleuras brownish above, fading into light blue 
below. Tegulee yellow, their cilia whitish. Halteres yellow. 
Abdomen moderately elongate, tapering, green, but little shining. 
Behind each incisure the colour is deep blue and more metallic. 
The hair of the abdomen is black, and conspicuously coarse and 
long. Hypopygium small, embedded, with four bristles pointing 
backward. These are about as long as the fifth segment. Legs 
robust, black, bristly, the coxaj whitish from the overlying dust, 
front and middle ones with numerous bristles on the front side, the 
hind one with a single lateral bristle. Femora all somewhat 
thickened, dark green rather shining, with rows of moderate 
bristles on the under side. These structures are not raptorial, 
since they are rather weak and the tibiae lack the corresponding 
development. Knees narrowly yellow. TibijB fuscous, the front 
ones a very little lighter, simple," with strong bristles. Tarsi 
black, simple. Pulvilli of all the feet much elongated, yellow. 
Wings slightly greyish, fading into hyaline posteriorly and 

Dolichopodidx of St. Vincent {West Indies). 333 

apically. The first longitudinal vein ends about one-third of the 
way to the apex. Its end is a trifle beyond the large cross-vein. 
Second and third veins close together diverging uniformly through 
their whole course, the latter ending rather far from the apex. 
The costal vein ends with the third longitudinal instead of con- 
tinuing to the fourth. The fourth longitudinal vein becomes 
gradually weaker beyond the posterior cross-vein for about three- 
fifths of its course. It then curves suddenly forward for a short 
distance, curves back again into its original direction, and ends in 
the apex. The whole portion beyond the first curve is very deli- 
cate and transparent, and sometimes the section running forward 
is entirely obsolete. 

$ . Face scarcely wider than the male. Pulvilli of usual size. 
Abdomen even less metallic than in the male, without the terminal 
bristles, otherwise appearing much the same. The tibiae and tarsi 
are sometimes lighter in colour than in the other sex. 
Length 2-3 to 2-5 mm. ; of wing, 2 mm. 

Eleven males and twenty females. Several specimens 
are labelled " May," and one " Seashore." 

This species is closely allied to A. interrupt us, Loew, 
but the latter is over 5 mm. long. The colour of the 
thorax seems by the description to be different also. 


Loew, Wien. Ent. Monatsch., i., 37, 1857. 

1. Lyroneurus simplex, n. sp. (PL XII., fig. 117, wing c?.) 

(J . Front bright bluish-green, brownish-black along the borders ; 
face green, brownish dusted, but somewhat silvery pollinose from 
above, a very little narrowed in the middle. Palpi yellow, with 
long black bristles, proboscis black. Antennse black, very short? 
the third joint crescent-shaped, hairy, with a long slender sub- 
apical arista. Cilia of the inferior orbit and another row behind 
them white. Thorax metallic-green brown-dusted. Acrostichal 
bristles in a single row. Eight or ten small humeral bristles. A 
brownish- black stripe along the transverse suture, running forward 
to the humerus. Just below, a spot is silvery when viewed from 
above. Pleura green, white pollinose, more silvei-y from above. 
Halteres and tegulse yellow ; cilia of the latter yellowish. Scu- 
tellum with the usual small and large bristles ; between the 
scutellum and wing is a concave area, black, with a silvery spot. 
Abdomen green, considerably dusted, rather elongated, scarcely 
tapering. Hypopygium concealed, only a few minute yellow 


334 Professor Aldricli on the 

and black parts visible. A few moderately long bristles at 
the end of sixth, as of the other segments. Front coxae green at 
base, changing through brown to yellow at the tip, considerably 
white pollinose. A row of black bristles at the tip, and a few 
fine yellowish hairs on the front side. Middle and hind coxae 
blackish, the former has a number of stout bristles on the fore side, 
one near the base is more lateral and quite prominent. Hind coxae 
with a single lateral bristle. Trochanters all yellow. Femora 
all dark-green, somewhat shining ; the front and middle ones 
broadly, the hind ones slightly, yellow at the knee. Tibiae all 
yellow, the hind ones a little infuscated at the tip. Front and 
middle tarsi elongated, slender, yellow, infuscated from the tip of 
first joint ; hind ones shorter and thicker, wholly infuscated. 
First joint longer than the following one, on its under surface with 
a long slender upright bristle. Front pulvilli a little enlarged. 
Wings large, wide toward the apex, yellow before the third vein. 
The first and second veins are rather far from the costa, and enter 
it at a less acute angle than usual. The third vein runs close to 
the second to its end, then turns with a strong curve backward, 
reaching the margin just before the apex. The last section of the 
fourth vein in the shape of a gentle double curve, ending just 
behind the apex. 

$ . Front as in the male. Face rather wide, the suture distinct, 
less pollinose than in the male. Hind metatarsus without the 
bristle. Wings of the ordinary width, not yellow before the third 
vein ; venation exactly like that of Eutaraus aidicus, Meig., in 
Loew's Monograph, pi. vi., 28 c. 

Length 3"5-5"5 mm. ; of wing, 3-43 mm. 

Numerous specimens of both sexes. Sea level to 
1500 feet. March aud May. One specimen labelled 
" Forest by stream." 

The venation of the mole varies from that described to 
a form like that of the female, 


Loew, Neue Beitr., v., 1857. 

1. Eufarsus sinnatus, n. sp. (PI. XL, fig-. 104, wing. 
PI. XII., fig. 110, (? wing; fig. 115, ? wing.) 
$ . Face exceedingly narrow, almost linear ; silvery pollinose 
on a dark ground colour. Palpi small, yellow. Front narrow, of 
same colour as face. Antennae situated high up, the front there- 
fore short and the face long. They are very short, the third joint 

DolicJiopodidai of St. Vincent {West Lidies). 335 

especially small, all yellow but the tip of third joint. Arista sub- 
apical, brown, the basal joint somewhat incrassated. Cilia of 
inferior orbit delicate, of a whitish colour. Dorsum of thorax 
yellow in front, the posterior part and scutellum shining light- 
green. Acrostichal bristles two-rowed. The green colour extends 
forward about to the transverse suture. Farther than this it 
extends only in three fading and irregular streaks. Laterally it 
does not reach the bases of the wings. Pleurce plain yellow ; a 
dark spot below and one behind the wing. Cilia of tegulae 
yellowish. Metanotum yellow. Abdomen blackish, not shining, 
more brownish at the base, scarcely tapering. Hypopygium almost 
wholly concealed, the length of a few scattered yellowish bristles 
along the venter is noticeable. In some specimens not fully 
coloured the abdomen is more yellow at base. All the cox«, legs, 
and feet light-yellow. Tarsi scarcely at all infuscated. Front 
ones very long and the pulvilli much enlarged and elongated. 
Hind metatarsus shorter than the following joint, with a minute 
bristle below. Front coxse with fine yellow and black hair and 
black bristles. Middle coxa3 with numerous bristles as in the pre- 
ceding species. Hind coxa3 with one lateral bristle. Wings 
yellow before the third vein. Venation as figured. 'I"he second 
vein is normal for half its course, then runs farther from the costa, 
makes a wide sweep, and joins the costa nearly at a right angle. 
The third vein a little wavy before the end of the sesond, beyond 
that bent strongly backward. Fourth vein normal, its last section 

$ . The face moderately narrow, excavated, black with white 
pollen. Front somewhat wider, black with less pollen. Palpi 
almost concealed, brown. Antenuse scarcely infuscated at the tip, 
the arista yellowish. Thorax as in the males. Abdomen yellow, 
the posterior margin of each segment shining black. On the 
second segment an anterior black crossband, narrow, enlarged in 
the middle ; third segment with a wider band, more enlarged ; 
fourth segment chiefly black ; fifth with only an indistinct band of 
yellow. Legs and feet as in the male, except that the pulvilli of 
the front feet are of the normal size. Wings but slightly yellow. 
Veins straight and almost uniformly divergent ; only in the 
second there is an almost imperceptible trace of two siuuations, at 
the places where these occur in the male. This vein ends nearer 
the apex than in the male. 

Length 2'3-2'6 mm. ; of wing, 3'2 mm. 

Numerous males and eight females. 500 to ]500 feet 

3oG Professor Aldricli on tJie 

Loew, Neue Beitr., v., 18-57. 

1. Sympycnus falco, n. sp. 

$ . Face blackish, the eyes nearly or quite contiguous about 
the middle ; front blackish ; antennas black, third joint short, 
pointed, with a subapical arista. Cilia of inferior orbit pale. Dor- 
sum of thorax green, but little shining ; pleurte black -with 
greenish-grey dust ; halteres yellow ; cilia of tegulae black, still 
rather browa at tips, and the lower two or three hairs yellow. 
Abdomen dull green, with blackish hairs; on each side of "the 
first segment is a vow of half-a-dozea long brownish hairs ; the 
hypopygium projects in a sort of rounded knob behind the 
abdomen, its short, stout, brown grasping organs mostly concealed, 
and lying in fi'ont of the organ proper. Coxge varying from 
yellow to brown in different specimens, the middle ones darker 
than the others, the front ones with yellow hairs and a few slender 
brownish bristles ; femora, tibite and tarsi yellow ; the fore 
femora have a short row of brown bristles on the bind side near 
the tip, the fore tibire on the front side with only delicate irregular 
hairs, in part rather long ; the fore tarsi are longer than the tibiae, 
the last joint rather long with a projection on the under side near 
the base ; the inner claw folds back to meet this, thus forming a 
clasping organ ; all the tarsi are only gradually infuscated near the 
tip. Wings slightly yellow, slender, the posterior cross-vein before 
the middle ; from the cross-vein, the second and fourth veins are 
parallel, while the third converges toward the fourth iu the latter 
part of its course. 

$ . Face moderately narrow, black, with white pollen ; fore 
femora and tarsi plain ; venter brownish near the base ; lateral 
bristles of first abdominal segment shorter. 

Length r6-2 mm. ; of wing, the same. 

Four males, six females. 1000-3000 feet altitude. 

2. Sympycnus similis, n. sp. 

$ . Differs from the foregoing species chiefly in having on the 
front side of the fore tibire a row of four very stiff, stubby bristles 
of moderate length. The coxae and wings are also a little darker, 
and the hypopygium projects a little more behind. Length 
1'6 mm. ; of wing, 1*7 mm. 

One male. lOOO feet altitude. 

DoHchupod'uLv. of St. Vincent (JVest Indies). 837 

Eoadani, Prod. Dipt. Ital., 142, 1856. 

1. Neurigona signtfera, n. sp. 
$ . Face very uarrow. Immediately under the antennge is a 
triangular portion, yellow. Below this there is only a narrow 
groove between the eyes to below the middle, from this point the 
face protrudes as a narrow, whitish wedge, slightly wider at the 
bottom. Palpi yellow. Proboscis brownish. Front greenish- 
brown, a little dusted, converging below. Antennaa yellow, third 
joint with a short point, arista yellow. Inferior orbital cilia 
whitish. Occiput green with white dust. Thorax dark yellow, 
glabrous, with black bristles. Acrostichal bristles small, in two 
rows. On each side of the acrostichal bristles in front an area of 
small bristles, bounded by the humeri and the anterior margin. 
The characteristic flat bare disk of the back part of the dorsum is 
of a beautiful greenish-blue colour, which extends to the disk of 
the scutellum. Sides and border of the scutellum yellow. Two 
very large bristles between two very minute ones on the border. 
A very large bristle behind the root of the wing. PleuriB deep- 
yellow, imperceptibly dusted, a dark spot above the middle coxa. 
Tegula, cilia whitish. Abdomen slender, yellow, the segments 
beyond the second successively shorter. The second segment 
bears near its anterior margin an opaque black band, emarginate 
behind in the middle and rounded at each end It is about half 
as wide as the segment. The following segments have similar 
bands, less emarginate and occupying more of the width of the 
segment, to the fifth, which is wholly black across the dorsum ; 
like the others it is yellow along the ventral side. Hypopygium 
shining black, turned under, club-shaped, not much exserted, the 
appendages not distinct. All the coxte yellow ; front ones long, 
with black hairs and mixed brownish and yellowish bristles ; 
middle ones with black hairs ; hind ones with a single bristle on 
the outer side. Legs yellow, simple, the bristles small. Tarsi a 
little infuscated toward the tip. Wings a little yellowish, fourth 
vein in its last segment only very gently curved, almost perfectly 
parallel with the third, 

$ . Face narrow, strongly protruding below, yellow, and 
yellow pollinose. Palpi larger than in the male. Third joint of 
antennte small, exceedingly short, almost kidney-shaped. 

Length 3"5 mm. ; of wing, 3"4 mm. 

Seashore to 1500 feet altitude. Two males and two 

338 Professor Aldrich on the 

$ . First joint of antennae bare, the second short, with a pro- 
longation along the inner side of the thii'd ; the latter somewhat 
crescent or kidney-shaped, with a subdorsal arista. Face narrow, 
more so a little below the antennse. Ocellar tubercle distinct, the 
ocellar and lateral bristles strong. Thorax elongated, the wings 
attached far behind the middle. Acrostichal bristles in two rows. 
Small humeral bristles covering an area of half the length and 
almost all the width of the dorsum, comparatively large. A large 
concave surface begins at the middle of the dorsum and extends to 
the scutellum including half the width. Scutellum with only two 
bristles. Latero-dorsal thoracic bristles large. Fore and middle 
coxse with considerable hair on the front side, hind coxa with a 
single lateral bristle. Hind metatarsus half the length of the 
following joint. Wings hyaline the apex a little pointed. After 
the anterior cross-vein, the fourth vein runs somewhat backward, 
diverging but little from the fifth, to the posterior cross-vein ; 
thence it runs in a direct line toward a point a little before the 
apex, near the margin it curves gently backward again, and ends 
in the apex. Posterior cross-vein short, four times its length from 
the margin. Sixth vein perceptible. 

1. Cceloylutus concavus, n. sp. (PI. XI., fig. 105, wing.) 
$ . Face white-pollinose, front more thinly so, showing a little 
green. Antennte yellow, except the third joint which is brownish, 
the inner side of the second is as long as the first joint, the ocellar 
bristles are long, and curve back more abruptly than usual. Cilia 
of inferior orbit white. Proboscis rather prominent, brown, the 
palpi yellow. Dorsum of thorax violet-green, the concavity more 
pure green. Pleuraj likewise violet-green, whitish-dusted. Halteres, 
tegulaj and tegular cilia yellow. Above the root of the fore 
coxa are two white bristles. Abdomen rather broad and 
flattened, blackish-green with black hairs and, especially on the 
sides, some white ones; the ovipositor is black. Fore coxae yellow, 
elongated, with a groove on the outer side ; the fore side has 
numerous black hairs but no bristles. Middle and hind coxae close 
against each other, rather distant from the front ones ; the middle 
ones are blackish with yellow tip, hairy in front ; the hind ones 
yellow a little darker at base, with a whitish lateral bristle. 
Femora and tibiae yellow, the extreme tips of middle and hind 
tibiae blackish. Tarsi infuscated from the tip of first joint, the 
front ones less so. Wings a little greyish, with yellow veins as 
figured. Length 2-2 mm. ; of wing, 2-1 mm. 
A single female. 

* KoiAos, concave ; y\ovT6sj rump. 

DolicJiupuilidse of St. Vincent {West Indies). 339 


Loew, Neue Beitr., v., 1857. 

1. Achalcus sordidus, n. sp. (PI. XI., figs. 107, wing of ^^ ; 
107a, wing of 9.) 

Minute, blackish, non-metallic, the male with an opaque brown 
or yellow spot in the first posterior cell. 

^. Face narrow, more so in the middle, where the eyes are 
almost contiguous. Antennte short, third joint a little pointed, 
with an apical, or perhaps subapical, arista. Front wide. Thorax 
and abdomen blackish, non-metallic. Hypopygium concealed, but 
rather large, hence the abdomen scarcely tapering. Legs dull 
brown or yellowish, variable according to the age of specimen 
when captured. Wings slightly brownish, slender; sixth vein 
wanting, first very short, ending but little beyond the fork of the 
second and third ; third ending a little before the apex ; fourth 
sinuous, as figured, along its front side, near the end, a large 
yellow or brown opaque spot. The hind margin sinuous, and 
fringed with delicate hair. Acrostichal bristles in two rows. 

5 . Face wider, not naiTowed ; antennae a little shorter, vena- 
tion simple. 

Length 07 mm. 

Two males and four females. Altitude 500-1000 feet. 
The specimens are so badly shrivelled that a complete 
description is impossible. The size, colour, and especi- 
ally the venation^ are sufficient to distinguish the species. 

Xanthotricha, n. g.* 

Small species, with yellow or brownish bristles and hair ; legs 
yellow ; face in male rather narrow ; antenna} small, the first and 
second joints united to form a sort of cup, in which the third is 
inserted, like an acorn ; first antennal joint bare above ; arista 
apical or subapical ; hypopygium exserted, small or large ; dorsum 
of thorax convex behind ; hind metatarsus short ; acrostichal 
bristles two-rowed. First longitudinal vein very short, sixth 
wanting ; fourth vein straight beyond cross-vein. 

1. Xanthotricha ciipuUfera, n. sp. (PI. XI., figs. 106, 
wing ; 106a, hypopygium.) 
Metallic-green, legs and all the bristles yellow. 
(J . Face narrow, wider above, in a certain reflection violet, 
without dust ; front wide, rather short, violet, proboscis and palpi 

•■■ Eavd6sj yellow ; twxos, hair. 

340 Professor Aldricli 07i the 

yellow ; antennae pui-e yellow, with long brownish arista ; cilia of 
inferior orbit yellow. Thorax shining green, somewhat bluish, 
decidedly globose above on the anterior part. Scutellum short 
and wide, crescent-shaped, with one pair of bristles (the outer pair 
are microscopic). Pleuras black, the posterior margin, tegulae, and 
halteres light yellow ; cilia of tegulae yellow. Abdomen shining 
bluish green, the venter yellow, sixth segment wholly yellow. 
First joint of hypopygium yellow, small, lying along the basal 
and dorsal (outer) surface of the second ; the latter brown, 
elongated, tapering, at its apex with a pair of minute, delicate 
yellow lamellfe, fringed with light yellow hairs. The interior 
organs, arising from the basal portion, are three in number — a 
long, straight, sharp, yellow central one (penis ?), and two slender 
bare yellow filaments ; the former is about as long as the hypopy- 
gium itself, the latter are much longer, somewhat crooked in the 
described specimen. Coxeb and all the legs pure light yellow, 
almost destitute of bristles. Wings hyaline, the veins yellow. 
$ . Somewhat smaller, otherwise not materially different. 
Length 1-2-1-5 mm. 

One male, numerous females. May, March. Two 
other males, more shrivelled and discoloured, are con- 
siderably darker than the perfect specimen here 

2. XantJwtricha minor, n. sp. 
Resembles the preceding, except in the following respects : 
The general colour is somewhat darker, the venter and sixth seg- 
ment not yellow, male hypopygium blackish, the delicate parts 
shrunken and difficult to make out, but apparently without the 
long filaments so characteristic of the preceding ; pleura wholly 
bluish black ; the posterior cross-vein is shorter, in consequence of 
the fact that the fourth vein bends back to meet it, forming a 
distinct angle at this point. The last character is sufficient to 
separate the two species. Length 1-2 mm. 

One male^ two females. 500 feet. 

3. Xanthotricha singularis, n. sp. 

Still a third species of this minute genus differs from the first 
in its extremely small size, in its colour, which is in general the 
same as the second, and in the singular structure of the male 
hypopygium. This bears a close resemblance to the ovipositor of 
a female, extended to its full length and bent under the abdomen. 
Only by using a power of several hundred diameters could I 

DolicJiojwdidx of St. Vhicent (West Indies). 341 

ascertain that this structure ideally belonged to a male instead of a 
female. The females of the species, however, do not have such 
extended ovipositors ; so the resemblance is rather to what one 
might suppose the female to be than to the female itself. Thi3 
hypopygium is black, minutely yellow at tip. The wings of this 
species resemble those of the first, but are a little more rounded. 
Length 1 mm. 

Six males, three females. May. 500 feet. 

Aldrich, Kans. Univ. Quart., 1893. 

1. Gnamptopsiloinis hiculor. 

Loew, Neue Beitr., viii., 96 ; Monogr., ii., 280 


A single female. May. 

Gnamptopsilopus flavidus, n. sp. (PI, XII., fig. 109, wing.) 

Slender, yellow, a broad stripe on the thorax, all the scutellum, 
and the hind margins of the abdominal segments bright-green. 
Cilia of tegulae yellow. 

$ . Face bright-green with thin white dust. Palpi and 
proboscis yellow. Front bright-green. Antenua3 yellow, very 
small, arista dorsal. Thorax yellow, the scutellum violet, a green 
stripe upon the dorsum of the thorax is as wide as the scutellum 
behind and tapers in front to a rounded point at the margin. 
Metanotum yellow. Scutellum with only one pair of large bristles, 
the outer pair being very small. Abdomen yellow, the first segment 
above with a very narrow green border behind ; the following 
three segments almost half green ; the fifth a little more than half, 
and the sixth entirely, green. Venter wholly yellow ; near the 
hind margin of each segment ai-e placed several large bristles. 
Hypopygium embedded, yellow ; only two small yellow, hairy, 
palpus-like organs are visible. Feet wholly yellow, the tarsi only 
moderately infuscated. Fore coxae on the front side with a single 
longitudinal row of minute black hairs, and about three bristles at 
the end. Front femora near the base with six short thorn-like 
bristles. Front tarsi nearly three times the length of the tibiae. 
Middle tibiae and metatarsi with two rows of close short cilia, one 
on the front and one on the upper side ; as these cilia project in 
nearly the same direction, the effect is like a single somewhat 
tangled row. Hind tarsi as long as the tibia3. All the legs are 

342 Professor Aldricli on the 

destitute of large bristles. Wings slender, hyaline. Costa 
noticeably ciliated along the middle, in the neighbourhood of the 
first vein. Third vein at its tip recurved forward. Posterior 
cross-vein oblique, less than half its length from the border. Fork 
of fourth vein making scarcely a right angle at its origin. 

$ . Thorns of the fore femora larger. Middle tibiae and tarsi 
simple. Abdomen, except the first segment, with more green on the 
dorsum, and shorter than in the male. 
Length 4'5 mm. ; of wing, the same. 

Sea level to 500 feet. Six males and eight females. 

3. Onamptopsilopiis flavicorms, n. sp. 

5 . Small, bright green, base of abdomen yellow, antennae, 
yellow, the third joint sometimes brownish, arista dorsal or sub- 
dorsal. Face moderately narrow for the genus, blue or green, 
white-dusted. Front shining green, excavated, dusted below. 
Antennaj yellow, the third joint sometimes brownish ; the arista 
■dorsal or subdorsal. Thorax bright green. Scutellum with two 
large bristles, the outer pair minute, oppressed, or absent. 
Pleurte green, white pollinose, the posterior border yellow. 
Tegulaj and halteres yellow. Abdomen green, the venter dorsum 
of first and proximal half of second segment yellow. Still in some 
■cases the posterior margin of the first segment green. On the 
lateral angle of the first segment one or two long black bristles. 
Remainder of abdomen with small sparse black hair. Legs in- 
•cludiug coxfe, yellow, the tarsi slightly infuscated. Fore coxa3 with 
three yellow bristles, hind with one. Fore metatarsus scarcely 
shorter than tibia, middle one but little shorter, whole hind tarsus 
four-fifths the length of its tibia. The legs have no bristles of 
any size ; at the tips of the middle and hind tibiae, and on the fore 
■side of the same near the base are very small ones. Wiugs 
hyaline, the veins yellow ; third vein recurved at tip, branch of 
fourth vein making a right angle at its origin. Posterior cross- 
vein oblique, two-thirds its length from the margin. Length 
1'8 mm. ; of wing, 2 mm. 

Three females. One specimen has the third joint of 
the antennge brownish-black, and the outer pair of 
«cutellar bristles visible though minute, the other two 
have the antenna wholly yellow, and no second pair of 
bristles whatever. This does not seem to indicate a 
specific diti'ereuce. 

Doli'cJiojjodidES of St. Vincent (West Indies). 343 


Meigen, Syst. Beschr., vi., 1824. 

1. Psilopus clirysojjrasiits. 

Walker^ List, &c., iii., 646 ; Loew, Neue Beit,, viii., 90; 

Monogr.j ii., 266. 

Numerous specimens. Sea level to 500 feet. May. 

2. Psilopus caudatulus. 
Loew, Neue Beitr., viii., 93 ; Monogr., ii., 271. 
Four males, two females. May. 

3. Psilopus hellnluSy n. sp. 

Shiuing dark green, cilia of tegulaa black ; wings with a dark 
spot along the apical part of the front side. 

$ . Face bright-green slightly white-dusted, with a deep 
transverse impression below the middle, bare. Palpi black ; 
proboscis brown. Front shining green with sparse and very 
delicate white hairs, especially towards the sides. Antennje black ; 
small, the arista dorsal not long. Thorax shining green with erect 
and rather long bristles. Scutellum with four bristles. Pleurae 
green, white-dusted. Tegulse and their cilia black ; halteres 
fuscous with a yellow knob. Abdomen shiuing green, somewhat 
coppery, with a broad black band across each incisure ; on each 
.side of the first segment a tnft of white hair, and a few more 
white hairs on the ventral surface, except these, the hair and 
bristles of the abdomen are all black. Bristles before the incisures 
rather long and erect. Hypopygium black, the lamellte whitish or 
greyish. Coxa?, femora and hind tarsi including the extreme tips 
of the hind tibias, black. Tibite yellow. Fore and middle tarsi a 
little infuscated toward the tip ; still the fourth joint of the 
middle tarsus is covered with white hair, and hence almost white in 
colour. Fore coxte with white hairs and two black bristles. All 
the femora with white cilia below, longest on the front ones 
near the base. Front tibite on the upper side with a row of four 
successively longer bristles, the last conspicuously long and two- 
thirds of the way to the end. Bristles of the other tibite incon- 
spicuous, the hind tibife rather hairy. Tarsi simple, the hind ones 
shorter than their tibiae. Wings with an indistinct brown cloud 
along the front margin beginning beyond the end of the first vein 
and continuing to that of the second, reaching into the first posterior 

314 Professor Aldricli on the 

cell behind. The branch of the fourth vein makes an acute angle 
at its origin ; third vein not recurved forward at its tip. Posterior 
cross-vein a little oblique, somewhat bicurved, less than half its 
length from the margin. 

$ . Front scarcely ciliated, black bands of abdomen slightly 
wider ; bristles of body shorter ; those of fore tibias the same as 
in the male. The middle tibiae also have large bristles, arranged 
on the same plan. Fourth joint of middle tarsus black ; fore and 
middle tarsi rather darker than in the male. 
Length 4 mm. ; of wing, the same. 

Altitude 500 feet. May. Four males and six females. 

In immature specimens the wings are hyaline. 

4. Psilojyus insidaris, n. sp. 

Wings hyaline, tegular cilia black, legs including fore coxae 
yellow, middle metatarsus of male ciliated. 

(J. Face wide bluish-green with silvery pollen. Palpi black, 
with black hairs ; proboscis yellow. Front wide and deeply 
excavated, bright blue or green. Antenna3 black, the third joint 
rather long, rounded at the end. Arista dorsal, slender, rather 
long. In less mature specimens the third antennal joint is more 
or less shrivelled. Thorax bright blue-green, scutellum more violet. 
From above the root of the wing a distinct black stripe reaches 
the humerus, becoming attenuated anteriorly. Pleura green, 
white-dusted. Tegulre and their cilia black. Halteres yellow. 
Bristles of moderate size, four large ones on the scutellum. 
Abdomen metallic-blue and green, with black bands nearly half the 
width of the segments. Hypopygium black, small, at the tip with 
a pair of small forcep-like organs of sordid grey colour. Bristles 
and hair of abdomen rather long, black, at the sides basally the 
hair is white. Legs wholly yellow, the tarsi but little darker. 
Front cox£e yellow with fine yellowish hair, and near the end two 
black bristles. Middle and hind coxaB black ; the former with 
white hairs and one or two black bristles, the latter on the outside 
with a single black bristle and a few white hairs. Front and 
middle metatarsi longer than their tibias, the middle one with a 
dense row of short, blunt, slightly curved cilia on the upper edge. 
On the front side is a row of five or six small erect bristles. 
Hind tibiae unusually hairy. This peculiarity extends over the 
metatarsus and decreases on the following joints. Wings hyaline ; 
posterior cross-vein straight, not very oblique, distant two-thirds 

DoUchopodiJae of Sf. Vincent {West Indies). 345 

its length from the margin. The anterior branch of fourth vein 
makes an acute angle at its origin. Third vein not recurved 
forward at its tip. 

9 Colour less inclined to blue and violet ; third joint of 
antennae short : bristles shorter ; black bands of abdomen nar- 
rower, comprising about one-third the segment. Middle meta- 
tarsi not ciliated ; hind tibial and tarsi only a little hairy. 

Length 4'a mm.; of wing, the same. 

Sea-level to 1000 feet. Nine males aud numerous 


Aldricli, Kans. Univ. Quart., July, 1893. 

1. Leptorhethum angustatum. (PI. XII., fig. 103, wing 

of c^.) 

Aldrich, /. c. 

^ . Small, green, legs yellow, abdomen yellow with green spots 
above, wings narrowed at base, cilia of tegulje yellow. Face narrow, 
wider above and below (the eyes almost contiguous in the middle), 
white poUinose, showing a little of the green ground colour below 
the antennae. Antennae small, yellow, arista dorsal. Front bright- 
green, not excavated (this may be owing to a little extent to the 
shrivelled condition of the eyes in my only specimen), the lateral 
bristles small. Proboscis and palpi yellow. Thorax bright-green, 
the bristles mostly small. Pleural green, white pollinose, the hind 
margin yellow, halteres, tegulse aud their cilia yellow. Abdomen 
3'ellow ; dorsum of first segment green except a line in front ; 
second segment green on the last two-thirds above ; third segment 
scarcely half green above, the colour not reaching the sides; fourth 
segment with only a small spot of green ; fifth and sixth except 
the base and venter of the former, wholly green ; hypopygiura 
small, blackish, embedded, the small whitish lamella) protruding. 
Legs, including coxae, yellow ; tarsi but little infuscated ; front 
coxae long, almost entirely bare ; front metatarsi longer than the 
tibia. Middle tibiae rather stout, above the middle on the fore 
side with a rather prominent bristle. Metatarsi longer, on the 
hind side with a very sparse row of small bristles, more dense near 
the end, where they are quite brush-like. The following joiuta 
simple, but oddly drawn up in my specimen. No noticeable 
bristles on fore or hind legs. Wings hyaline, third vein recurved, 
as figured. Length 2 mm. ; of wing, 2'2 mm. 

May. A siugle male. 

346 Professor Williston on the 


Rondanij Esam. di var. sp, Ins. Bras., 10, 1848. 

1. Meromacrus pratorum. 

Syrphus 'prntornm, Fabricius, Syst. Ent., 765; Eiifc. 

S.yst., iv., 286. 
EristaUs pratorum, Fabricius, Syst. Antl., 236 ; 

Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 166. 
Pteroptild pratorum, Osten Sacken, Catalogue, 113 ; 
Williston, Synopsis, 183. 

Twelve specimens. Wiedemann's description applies 
well, save that it is not stated that the sutural thoracic 
band is interrupted. The species will be distinguished 
from M. ruficrus by the separated spots at the base of 
the abdomen ; from all the other known species by the 
entirely yellowish red legs. 

Latreille, Hist. Nat. des Crust, et Ins., xiv., 363, 1804. 

1. Eristalis vineforum. 

Syrphns vinetorum, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. Suppl., 562. 

Eristalis vinetorum, Fabricius, Syst. Antl., 235; 
Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 163; Macquart, 
Dipt. Exot., ii., 2, 42 ; Williston, Synopsis North 
Amer. Syrphidas, 171, pi. vii., fig. 8 ; Trans. Amer. 
Ent. Soc, XV., 280 ; Biologia Centr.-Amer. Dipt., 
iii., Q'6 ; F. Lynch, A. Dipt. Argentina, Syrphidas, 
116; Giglio-Tos, Dit. Messic, ii., 7. 

Eristalis trifasciatus, Say, J. Acad. Sci. Phil., vi., 

165 ; Compl. Wr., ii., 359. 
Eristalis uvariim, Walker, List, iii., 623. 

Hah. North, Central and South America, and the 
West Indies. 

- By S. W. Williston. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indiex). 347 


1. Volucella obesa. 

Syrjy^tis ohesns, Fabricius, Syst. Ent., 763. (For 
synonymy, see Williston, Biol. Centr.-Amer. Dipt., 
iii., 50.) 
Six typical specimens of this cosmopolitan insect are 
in tlie collection. 

Volucella, sp. n. ? 

Three specimens belonging to the difficult group of 
fallens, vesiculosa, etc. I cannot find any description 
that will apf)ly well to the specimens. They differ from 
V. fallens, Wied., in the presence of a median and two 
lateral facial stripes, in the hair of the mesonotum being 
for the Taost part black, and in the presence of a large 
black spot on the scntellum. From both V. vaga, Wied., 
and V. h.yaloftera, Giglio-Tos, the facial stripe will dis- 
tinguish the species, as well as other characters. 


Fabricius, Syst. Antl., 199, 1805. 

1. Baccha clavata. 

Syrfhus clavatus, Fabricius, Ent. Syst., iv., 296, 

Baccha clavata, Fabricius, Syst. Antl. 200; Wiedemann, 
Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 94; Schiner, Nov. Exped., 341 ; 
Wulp, Tijdschr., v., Ent., xxvi., 10; Roeder, Stett. 
Eut. Zeit. 1885, 342 ; Williston, Trans. Amer. 
Ent. Soc, XV., 270; Biol. Centr.-Amer. Dipt., iii., 
33; Giglio-Tos, Ditt. del Messic, ii., 57 ; Austen, 
Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1893, 159; Hunter, Can. 
Ent., xxviii, 96. 

Baccha habista. Walker, List, iii., 549 ; Williston, 
Synopsis N. A. Syrph. 117, pi. iv., fig. 9 (Willis- 
ton, Austen). 

Baccha varia. Walker, List., iii., 549 (Austen). 

Paraqns scutellatus. Walker, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 
xvii., 342 (Austen). 

Baccha facialis, Thom&on, Eugenics Eesa, 504 (Willis- 

Sfoziqaster bacchoides, Bigot, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1883, 
326 (Williston). 

348 Professor Williston on the 

Numerous specimens. The most northern habitat so 
far given for this species is Nebraska, by Hunter ; the 
most southern one, Buenos Aires, by Lynch (Dipt. 
Argentina, 8yrphida3, 47). It is probably at home in all 
the intervening regions, as well as the adjoining islands. 


1. Ocyptamus dimidiatus. 

Syrphus dimidiatus, Fabricius, Spec. Ins., ii., 484; 

Ent. Syst., 310; Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 

Scaeva dimidiaia, Fabricius, Syst. Antl., 254. 
Cheilosia dimidiata, Macquart, Dipt. Exot., ii., 2, 105. 
Pipiza dolosa, Walker, Trans. Ent. Soc. New Ser., iv., 

156 (Austen). 
Pipiza divisa, Walker, 1. c. (Austen). 
Ocyptamus dimidiatus, Schiner, Nov. Exped., 346 ; 

Wulp, Tijdschr., v., Ent. xxvi., 10 ; Williston, Biol. 

Centr.-Amer. Dipt., iii., 30 ; Giglio-Tos, Ditt. del 

Messic, ii., 53 ; Austen, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 

1893, 134. 
Baccha dimidiata, Williston, Synopsis N. A. Syrphida3, 

120, pi. v., fig. 10. 

Hab. Central and South America, and the West Indies. 

Osten Sacken,Bull. Buflf. Soc. Nat. Sc, iii., 40, 1876. 

1. Allogvapla exotica. 

Allograpta exotica, Wulp [nee Wiedemann), Tijdschr., 
v., Ent., xxvi., 2, pi. i., fig. 2, Guadeloupe. 

A single female specimen, agreeing fully with the 
description of what Wulp thought was Weidemann's 
Syrphus exoticus. In the Biologia Centr.-Amer. I con- 
sidered Wulp's species doubtfully identical with A.fracta, 
O. S. Osten Sacken^s species, however, does not have 
the scutellum broadly black, as did the specimens Wulp 
described, and as does the specimen from St. Vincent 
now before me. Wiedemann does not mention the spot 
on the scutellum, and I doubt very much that it was pre- 

Blptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 849 

sent in his specimen, as he could hardly have failed to 
mention it, so conspicuous is it. If his " schwarzlich 
Erzfarbe^^ means bright metallic green, or green-black, 
then there can be but little doubt that Osten Sacken's 
A.fracta is the same as A. exotica. In the work cited I 
mentioned a species from Mexico having an opaque, 
dark green mesonotum, which I thought might be the 
true A. exotica. Lynch is wrong in uniting it with the 
species having a shiniug mesonotum. 


Loew, Centur., ii., 290, 1872. 

I have refrained from naming any of the numerous 
species (with one exception) that have been described 
from North and South America, in this genus, convinced, 
as I am, that their great variability will require a thorough 
monographic treatment, with abundant material, to 
certainly distinguish them. Many of the species are very 
abundant in warm, sunny places. 

1. Mesogramma hasilare, var. ? 

Syrphus hasilaris, Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 43. 
Mesogramma sorer, Schiner, Nov. Exped., 850. 
Mesograpta basila7-is,Wu.\p, Tijdschr., v., Ent., xxxvi., 

40, pi. i., fig. 8. 
Mesogramma ?, Williston, Biol. Centr.-Amer. 

Dipt., iii., 25. 
Mesogramma hasllare, Giglio-Tos, Ditt. del Messic, 

ii., 45. 

Hah. Mexico, Brazil, Argentine Republic. 

Ten specimens, labelled "Fitzhugh Valley, 500 feet, 
Cacao orchard." They differ very materially from the 
typical forms, but I believe that they represent a variety 
only. The female described by me in the work above 
cited certainly belongs with the males, though Giglio- 
Tos thinks that they differ too much to belong with them. 
The scutellum in these specimens has a narrow yellow 
border, and the abdomen is wholly red and yellow, the 
first segment alone excepted. There is a narrow, black- 
ish, pre-apical ring on the hind femora, and the hind 
metatarsi are brownish ; otherwise the legs are wholly 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. PART HI. (sEPT.) 24 

850 Professor Williston on the 

yellow. The female has a broad median black stripe on 
the face, and the abdomen has obscure blackish markings, 
in the shape of two slender, approximated, median stripes ; 
the hind margin of the segments is brownish. 

2. Mesogramma laciniosa. 

Mesogramma laciniosa, Loew, Centur., vi., 50. — Cuba. 

Several female specimens I refer doubtfully to this 
species. The third and fourth abdominal segments have 
each two oval, oblique, black spots, and the posterior 
bands with a geminate, anteriorly dilated, slender pro- 
longation in the middle, their anterior margin on each 
side concave; the fifth segment has three anterior, oval, 
black spots. 

3. Mesogramma hoscii. 

Syrphus hosci, Macquart, Dipt. Exot., ii., 2, pi. xvii., 

fig. 2. 
Syiyhus gurges, Walker, Dipt. Saund., 236 (Osten 

Sacken) . 

Sah. Carolina, Alabama, Florida. 

Several female specimens that agree with the descrip- 
tion, save that the second abdominal segment is black, 
with a median, interi'upted, yellow stripe. Mr. Hunter 
thinks that this species is identical with M. parvula, 
Loew, and he may be right. 

4. Mesogramma, sp. 

S t 9 • Face yellow. AntennEe reddish yellow. Frontal tri- 
angle and the lateral margin of the female front yellow ; vertical 
triangle black. Mesonotum with an entire yellow, lateral stripe. 
Scutellum black, with a yellow border. First two abdominal seg- 
ments black, the first with the anterior angles, the second with a 
broad median, band yellow ; third and fourth segments each with 
a quadrangular spot posteriorly on each side, and a small spot on 
the front margin, together with a median, partly obsolete, geminate 
stripe. Fifth segment with three spots. Legs yellow ; hind 
femora with a broad black ring; hind tibiae and tarsi brown; middle 
femora with a partly obsolete spot on the upper side distally. 
Length, 7-8 mm. 

Sixteen specimens. The hind femora are a little stouter 
than usual. 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 351 



Latreille, Hist. Nat. des Crust, et Ins., xiv., 1804. 

1. Pipunculus aculeatus. (PI. XI., figs. 87, wing; 

87a, antenna.) 

Pipunculus aculeatus, Williston, Biol. Cent.-Amer. 
Dipt., iii., SS. — Mexico. 

Five specimens. Agreeing quite with the description. 
I am not able to compare the type specimen, but I believe 
the determination is pretty certain. In most of the 
specimens, the middle of the hind femora is brown. 

2. Pipunculus politus, n. sp. (PL XI., fig. 88, wing.) 

$ , 2 • Small cross- vein situated at or beyond the tip of the 
first longitudinal vein ; penultimate section of the fourth vein 
scarcely longer than the antepenultimate section ; abdomen whoUy 
shining. Length 4 mm. 

Face and front black, silvery pubescent. Antennae black, the 
third joint more or less yellowish at the tip, less produced than in 
P. aculeatus. Mesonotum shining, scarcely poUinose. Abdomen 
wholly shining black. Legs black ; the extreme tip of the femora, 
the base of the tibite, and the first three or four joints of the tarsi 
yellow. Femora stout, without distinct spines on the underside. 
Wings hyaline ; no stigmatic spot ; small cross- vein opposite or a 
little before the middle of the discal cell ; second longitudinal vein 

Five specimens. In one of the specimens the small 
cross-vein is distinctly before the middle of the discal 
cell, and opposite the termination of the first vein. 



Latreille, Cuvier's Eegne Anim., v., 1829. 

1. Gistogaster insularis, n. sp. 

(J, 5- First three segments of the abdomen shining; first 
posterior cell petiolate. Length 5-6 mm. 

$. Front at the vertex about as wide as the length of the 
antennas ; bright golden yellow, with an opaque median black 
stripe. Antennae black, the third joint at the base red, the second 

352 Professor Williston on the 

joint also, more or less reddish ; third joint a half longer than the 
second. Face ashy grey, somewhat yellowish in the middle below ; 
a slender black line on either side running from the root of the 
antennae. Palpi reddish yellow. Dorsum of thorax opaque golden 
yellow, with two median slender stripes, and a latez-al, broader 
one, anteriorly abbreviated, black. Abdomen wholly reddish- 
yellow, with black hairs ; fourth segment and the third, save an 
interrupted baud, light golden opaque-yellow. Tegula3 light yellow. 
Legs black. Wings uniformly subhyaline ; first posterior cell 
closed at some distance from the margin. 

5 . Sides of front and the face silvery grey, a little yellowish, 
near the vertex. Mesonotum densely yellowish grey pollinose, 
with two median brown lines and a broad, shining, black stripe on 
each side. Abdomen shining black, the third and fourth segments 
opaque greyish white, save a posterior interrupted band on the 
third, and two small spots on the fourth. Tegulas white. 

Six males and two females. The species closely 
resembles some of the varieties of C. occidna, Walker^ 
but seems sufficiently distinct in the pollinose markings 
of the abdomen and the petiolate first posterior cell, 
which is closed at some distance from the margin. 

Latreille, in Cuvier's Regne Animal. ^ v., 512^ 1829. 

1. Tricho2:)oda ijennipes. (PI. XI., fig. 100, wing.) 

Musca 2Jennipes, Fabricius, Ent. Syst., iv., 348. 

Bictya 'pennifes, Fabricius, Syst. Antl., 327. 

Trichoijoda iiennijpes, Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 
274 ; Desvoidy, Myodaires, 288 ; Wulp, Tijdschr., 
v., Ent.jXxvi., 15 ; Biol. Centr.-Amer. Dipt., ii., 3; 
Brauer and Berg., Muse. Schiz., i., 79. 

PJiasia jugatoria, Say, Compl. Wr., ii., 64. 

Hah. United States ; West Indies ; Central and South 

Five specimens. 

Rondani, Esap. Ditt., Ann. di Bologna, 1850. 
1. Elachipalpus macrocerus. (PI. XI., fig. 99, wing.) 
Tachina macrocera, Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 290. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 353 

Cuphocera macrocera, Scliiner, Nov. Exped., 330 ; 

V. d. Wulp, Tijdschr., v., Ent., xxvi., 22. 
Elachipalpus macrocerua, Brauer and Berg., Muse. 

Schizometopa, ii., 102. 
Hah. Brazil. 

Five specimens, agreeing with others from Brazil in 
my collection. 


E/ob. Desvoidy, Myodaires, o4, 1830. 

1. Jurinia, sp. (PI. XL, fig. 88a, antenna.) 
^ , $ . In structure and size almost identical with /. aimifera, 
Walk. Front shining black, through the rather thin pollen. 
Mesonotum shining green-black, very thinly pollinose. Tegulae 
deep brown. Abdomen deep blue-black throughout. Otherwise 
as in J. apicifera. 

This species is different from any that I know, either 
from North or South America, and may be new. Still, 
the wide distribution of the species of this genus renders 
it probable that it has been described from other regions 
in America. 

2. Jurinia apicifera. (PI. XI., fig. 89, antenna.) 

Jurinia apicifera. Walker, List, iv., 720 ; Williston, 
Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc, xiii., 300; Townsend, 
Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc, xix., 90, xxii., 70 ; Calif. 
Acad. Sci., iv., 618. 

Hah. United States; Canada; San Domingo; 

Numerous specimens which agree quite with others 
from various localities in the United States, Canada, and 
San Domingo. 


Meigen, Illiger's Mag., ii., 1808. 
1. Gonia pollens. (PL XI., fig. 90, antenna of $ .) 
Gonia pallens, Wiedemann, Auss. Z\v. Ins., ii., 346 ; 
Macquart, Dipt. Exot., ii., 3, 50 ; E. Lynch, A., 
An. Soc. Cient. Arg., x., p. viii. ; v. d. Wulp, 
Tijdschr. voor Ent., xxvi., 23; Biologia Cent.- 
Amer. Dipt., ii., 39; Townsend, Trans. Amer. Ent. 
Soc, xix., 95. 

354 Professor Williston on the 

Gonia diilensis, Macquart, Dipt. Exot., ii., 3^ 51, pi. v., 
fig. 4 ; Blanchard, Gay's Hist. Fis. y. Pol. de 
Chile, vii., 422, pi. iv., fig. 20 ; Koeder, Stett. Ent. 
Zeit., 1885, 345. 

Gonia angusta, Maccfuart, Dipt. Exot., ii., 3, 51, pi. 5, 
fig. 5 ; Walker, List, iv., 798. 

Gonia lineata, Macquart, Dipt. Exot. Suppl., iv., 178. 

Hah. South America ; Mexico ; West Indies. 

One specimen, which with much probability is con- 
specific with those from Cuba, referred to G. cMlensis, 
by Macquart. That the species is the same as G. ijallens 
is, to me, somewhat doubtful. It therefore seems worth 
while to give a better description of our specimen. 

$ . Claws small : sides of the face with bristles ; third joint of 
the antenna3 seven or eight times as long as the second joint. Front 
and face light yellow, silvery white pollinose, the sides of the 
front subtranslucent, as though oiled ; sides of the face with 
sparse, short, black bristles. Cheeks bare. Antennae black. 
Median depression of the face wider than the sides ; no bristles on 
its ridges. Dorsum of thorax grey pollinose, somewhat shining. 
Scutellum largely yellow. Abdomen narrow ; yellowish red ; first 
segment under the scutellum, second and third with a slender 
median stripe, and the posterior part of the fourth black ; pollen 
inconspicuous, except posteriorly. Tegular white. Wings sub- 
hyaline ; the costal, subcostal, and marginal cells markedly yellow ; 
veins elsewhere narrowly clouded with the same yellow colour or 
a dark brown. Claws and pulvilli small, not as long as the last 
joint of the tarsi. Length 1 1 mm. 


Rob. Desvoidy, Myodaires, 131, 1830. 

1. Phorocera {Prospherysat ) puer, n. sp. (PI. XI., 
tig. 91, head of $ .) 

$ . Eyes very sparsely pilose, the scattered hairs visible only 
under careful examination. Front about as wide as the eye, the 
lateral, silver-grey margins narrower than the broad, brownish-red, 
median stripe ; the frontal bristles reach nearly to the base of the 
third antennal joint. First and second joints of the antennae red ; 
third joint black, four or five times as long as the second. Face 
and cheeks silver-grey, the lower part of the face and the cheeks 

Dij^fera of 8f. Vincent {West Indies). 355 

yellowish in ground colour. Mesonotum thickly grey poUinose, 
with five black stripes, the lateral ones interrupted. Abdomen 
flattened ovate ; shining black, with the anterior part of the 
second and third segments opaque grey; first segment without 
median bristles ; second segment with a pair of marginal ones ; 
third segment with a posterior row ; fourth segment bristly on the 
posterior half. Legs black ; claws elongate. Calyptrte white. 
Wings cinereous hyaline. Length 4i mm. 

One specimen. Prospherysa seems to differ from 
Phorocera only in the bare eyes, and the eyes of this 
specimen are, practically bare, so that it is a question 
whether or not this species should not be located in 
that genus. The cross-veins on the outer side of the 
wing are more than usually oblique, still hardly as much 
so as in Flagia. The genus Plagioprospherysa, Towns., 
which is synonymous with Proso-podes, B. and B., was 
based upon this character alone, and is to me hardly 
entitled to acceptance. 


Meigen, Illiger's Mag., iii., 1803. 
1. Exorista nohilis, n. sp. (PL XI., fig. 92, head of $ .) 

^ . Front somewhat prominent, only a little narrowed behind ; 
above, equal to about one-fourth of the width of the head ; light 
golden-yellow in colour, with an opaque black stripe, which is 
narrowed above ; vertical bristles strong ; ocellar bristles small, 
proclinate ; the single row of frontal bristles descends nearly to the 
base of the third antennal joint ; the sides have only a few short 
weak hairs. Sides of the face yellow above, silvery below ; in 
width not equal to one-third of that of the median depression ; 
four or five bristles on the vibrissal ridges, extending, in some cases, 
nearly to the middle of the face ; median depression silvery-white. 
Cheeks narrow, bare, silvery. Proboscis black ; palpi and labella 
yellow. AntenniB nearly black, the first two joints and the base 
of the third rufous ; third joint five or six times as long as the 
second. Thorax densely grey pollinose ; mesonotum with two 
slender median stripes, reaching from the pronotum to beyond 
the suture ; and a broad shining stripe on each side, interrupted 
by the suture, and abbreviated in front and behind. Scutellum 
grey, with six bristles. Abdomen elongate and narrow, black 
throughout ; the second, third, and fourth segments broadly and 

356 Professor Williston on the 

densely grey poUinose in front ; first and second segments with a 
single pair of strong median bristles ; third segment with a 
posterior row ; fourth bristly on the posterior half. Legs black ; 
posterior surface of the front femora broadly grey pollinose ; claws 
and the yellowish-brown pulvilli nearly as long as the last two 
joints taken together ; hind tibiae with strong, unequal bristles on 
the posterior side. Tegulse white. Wings nearly hyaline, or with 
a light blackish tint ; small cross-vein a little before the middle of 
the discal cell. 

9 . Front less yellowish, and with orbital bristles ; pulvilli 
and ungues not longer than the fifth tarsal joint. 

Length *J-11 mm. 

Five specimens. This species is, apparently, an 
Exorista in the sense of Brauer and Bergenstamm. 


Townsend, Trans. Ainer. Ent. Soc, xix., 373,1892; 
Vandertvulpia, Townsend, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc, 
xix., 381, 1892 ; Microchira, Brauer and Bergen- 
stamm, Muse. Schizometopa, iii., 138, 1893; 
Wulpia, Brauer and Bergenstamm, I.e., 1893. 

1. AtropJiopoda townsendii, n. sp. (PI. XI., figs. 93, 
head and part of antenna of S ; 93a, tarsus of $ ; 
936, tarsus of ? ; 93c, wing.) 

(J , 5 • Frontal row of bristles descending to the lower border 
of the eyes ; eyes bare ; costa with spine ; first posterior cell long 
petiolate. Male claws and pulvilli not enlarged. Length 4-5 mm. 

Front shining bluish beneath the silvery pollen, the median stripe 
black. Face silvery ; sides narrow. Antennte black ; second joint 
red ; third joint seven or eight times longer than the second in the 
male ; in the female more slender and a little shorter ; arista in the 
male bare, in the female with long pubescence, subplumose. Palpi 
yellow, a little dilated at the tip. Thorax bluish-grey, opaque ; 
mesonotum with two, rather broad, deep-brown stripes, extending 
from the front margin to the scutellum. Abdomen long-ovate in 
shape ; opaque bluish-grey ; the first segment and the posterior part 
of the second and third segments shining black, the black reaching 
jvell toward the front margin in the middle ; first, second, and third 
(Segments with a pair of erect marginal bristles ; third segment 
with a single lateral one ; fourth segment with a posterior row. 
Legs black ; pulvilli and ungues of the male small on all the feet ; 
of the female, rudimentary on the front pair, the terminal joints 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 357 

■compressed. Wings brownish, deeper along the veins, hyaline on 
the posterior margin, first posterior cell closed and rather long 
petiolate, terminating in the margin a little distance before the tip ; 
•costa -with spine ; third vein bristly before the cross- vein, the first 
vein bare. 

Southern end of the island. May. Open ground, 
near sea, on herbage. Six females and two males. 

2. Atrophopoda hraueri, n. sp. (PI. XI., figs. 94, head 
of (? ; 94'?., tarsus of ? ; 94/>, tarsus of $ ; 94c, wing.) 

$ , 2 • Frontal bristles descending to the border of the eyes ; 
eyes very sparsely hairy ; arista pubescent in the female ; costa 
with spine ; first posterior cell narrowly open at the tip ; all the 
claws and pulvilli of male much elongated. Length 5-G mm. 

Face a little less receding than in A. townsendii, narrower, and the 
front of more equal width. Third joint of antennae not more than 
four times the length of the second joint. Sides of front light- 
yellow pollinose. Face silvery-white ; median frontal stripe black. 
AntenniB deep brown or black ; the second joint red ; arista in the 
male bare, or almost imperceptibly pubescent ; in the female 
distinctly pubescent. Thorax silvery-grey, with two broad, deep 
brown or black stripes extending the full length of the mesonotum. 
Abdomen long-ovate, shining black, the anterior portion of 
segments two, three, and four silvery-grey ; first segment with 
lateral, but no median bristles ; second segment with lateral and a 
pair of marginal bristles ; third and fourth segments with a 
posterior row. Legs black ; all the claws and pulvilli of the male 
much elongated ; those of the four posterior feet of the female 
small, on the front feet rudimentary, and their terminal tarsal 
joints compressed. Wings nearly uniformly brownish or sub- 
hyaline ; first vein with hairs throughout ; third vein with hairs 
as far as the small cross-vein : first posterior cell terminating near 
the tip of the wing, narrowly open, its angle obtuse and without 

Twenty specimens. 

It will be seen from the generic synonymy given above 
that I take a different view of the value of tlie characters in 
this genus, from that of Messrs. Townsend, Bergenstamm, 
and Brauer. 1 am opposed to the principle that a genus 
is necessary for every described species in this family, 
•and refrain from here adding two more for the preceding 

358 Professor Williston on the 

species. It is with mucli regret that I reduce the above 
names to synonyms, for the worthy entomologist whose 
name they commemorate deserves better at the hands of 
his zealous confreres. 

There are now seven known species : — A. singularis , 
Towns. ; VanderiouJpia atro'phojwdoides, Towns. ; V. 
seqnens, Towns. ; Microchira mexicana, B. & B. ; Wulpia 
aperta, B. & B. ; and the ones described above — all 
markedly characterized by the rudimentary front claws 
of the female, and having the general markings and 
structure all very similar. No two, however, save per- 
haps the two species of Vnnderivulpia, agree in their 
structural characters. Townsend made the error, appa- 
rently, of mistaking females for males, describing the front 
claws as rudimentary in both sexes, while, without doubt, 
in all the species they are alone rudimentary in the female.* 
Perhaps a grouping of the described characters will bring 
out more clearly the value of those which have been 
used for distinguishing the genera. 

Eyes hairy. ^4. singularis, M. mexicana, A. Braiieri. 

Frontal bristles descending to the cheeks. A. singu- 
laris, A. Toiunsendi, A. Braiieri. 

Frontal bristles not descending below antennae. V. 
atrophopodeides, V. seqnens, M. mexicana, W. ap)erta. 

First posterior cell open. A. Braueri, W. aperta. 

First posterior cell closed in the margin or short 
petiolate. A. singuJaris, V. se.quens. 

First posterior cell long petiolate. V. atropJwpodoides, 
A. Toivnsendi. 

Costal spine present. A. singularis, M. mexicana, 
[V. aperta, A. Townsendi, A. Braueri. 

Male claws normal. A. Toivnsendi. 

Male claws elongate. A. Braueri. (Other males un- 

Undoubtedly other mutations of these characters will 
appear among species yet to be made known. 

I will add, that, in the two males of A. Toionsendi, 
there is a single, well-developed orbital bristle; in the 
males of A. Braueri, there are none ; in all the females 
there are two. 

'■ Townsend has since recognized the males, and suspects that 
LacJuioinura, Towns., is also a synonym of this genus ( Trans. Amer. 
Ent. Soc, xxxii., 77, 1895). 

Dijptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 359 


V.d.Wulp,Biologia Central!- Amer., Diptera, ii., 156^ 1890. 
1. Didyma calyptrata, n. sp. (PI. XL, fig. 95, head of $ .) 

^ . Front above equal to about one-fourth of the width of the 
head, a little broader below ; silvery grey ou the sides, the median 
stripe black, narrower above, and narrower than the sides. Sides 
of the face grey, the median depression darker. The frontal 
bristles descend as far as the base of the third antennal joint, and 
nearly as far as the uppermost of the vibrissal bristles. Eyes 
clothed thickly with dusky pile. Antennte black, shorter than the 
face, the third joint four or five times longer than the second ; 
arista thickened at the base. Proboscis black, the palpi yellowish. 
Thorax black ; mesonotum shining, very thinly pollinose, aud with- 
out distinct stripes. Scutellum black. Abdomen short-oval ; 
black, with thinly pollinose bands on the anterior part of the 
segments ; first and second segment with marginal bristles ; third 
with a posterior row ; fourth with the posterior part bristly. Legs 
black ; hind tibi« with unequal bristles. Tegulse large, yellowish- 
white. Wings greyish-hyaline ; small cross-vein at the middle 
of the discal cell ; angle of fourth vein broadly rounded ; first 
posterior cell terminating just before the tip, narrowly open. 
Length 4 mm. 

Two specimens. The female specimen has the front 
broader, the eyes sparsely pilose, the mesonotum more 
distinctly pollinose, and with two narrow black stripes in 
front ; the abdomen broader, and the marginal bristles 
of the first and second segments possibly wanting. 
There is a pair of orbital bristles present in both sexes. 

Meigen, Syst. Beschr., vii., 249, 1838. 

1. Degeeria nigriventris, n. sp. (PL XI., fig. 96, head 

of $.) 

$ . Abdomen shining black ; discal bristles present ; wings 
hyaline. Length 4 mm. 

Front only a little narrower above, equal in width to about one- 
fourth of that of the head ; median stripe very broad, opaque- 
black ; sides grey, at the vertex shining black. Face opaque- 
grey, sides very narrow ; vibrissal row of bristles extending 

360 Professor Williston on the 

nearly to the base of the third joint, and nearly to the lowermost 
one of the frontal row. Antennae blacii, reaching very nearly to 
the vibrissjB ; third joint six or seven times as long as the second. 
Mesonotum shining black, the sides in front pollinose. Abdomen 
shining black ; first segment with marginal bristles ; second and 
third segments with both marginal and discal ones, the latter with 
two additional posterior ones on each side ; fourth segment bristly 
on the posterior part. Legs black. Tegulte nearly white. Wings 
hyaline ; posterior cross-vein straight, situated in the middle be- 
tween the anterior cross-vein and the bend of the fourth vein, the 
angle obtuse and without stump ; last section of the fourth vein 
gently concave, terminating very near the tip of the wing. No 
costal spine. 

Three specimens. 


Brauer and Bergenstamm, Denksch. K. Acad. Wiss- 
ensch., Ivi., 139, 1889 ; Ocypterosl'pho, Townsend, 
J. N. York Ent. Soc, ii., 79, 1894. 

1. Beskia cornuta. (PL XL, figs. 97, head of $ ; 97a, 


Beskia cornuta, Brauer and Bergenstamm, Dencksch. 

K. Acad. Wissench., Ivi., 139, fig. 276. 
Ocypterosiplio willistoni, Townsend, I. c. 
Eah. San Domingo (Coll. Williston), Brazil (B. B.). 
Several specimens ; agreeing well with the description. 


Bigot, Bullet. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1885, p. xi. 

1. Rhynchodexia sororia, n. sp. (PI. XI., fig. 98, 
head of $ .) 

^ , $ . Thorax and scutellum cinereous, with black stripes. 
Abdomen of male red, with a black stripe ; of the female, black ; 
palpi yellow, brown at the tip. Legs bhick. Length 'J-13 ram. 

$ . Head light opaque, golden-yellow, the cheeks more ashy ; 
ground-colour of the lower part of the face and the cheeks yellow. 
First two joints of the antennse, and the base of the third, red ; 
third joint a little more than twice the length of the second ; arista 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 361 

thickened on the basal portion, plumose ; second antennal joint 
prominent, and with bristles. Proboscis black ; palpi slender, 
yellow, brownish at tip, a little broader on the distal portion. 
Mesonotum cinereous, with variable reflections, and with three 
broad black stripes, and on each side of the median stripe a 
narrow black line ; scutellum cinereous, its base black and tip red. 
Abdomen conical, yellowish red, with a broad black stripe, some- 
times interrupted at the sutures ; cinereous pollinose, variable in 
different reflections ; clothed with short black hairs and stout 
macrochsetse, as follows : three or four lateral ones on the first 
segment, as many lateral ones on the second segment, and three 
pairs of median ones; anterior, lateral ones, and a thick-set posterior 
row on the third segment ; the fourth segment covered. Legs 
black, the middle of all the tibiiB red or reddish ; front femora 
with a conspicuous row of long bristles on the under side ; middle 
femora with a fewer number forming a similar row ; hind tibiaa 
with about three pairs on the posterior side ; claws and the 
yellowish brown pulvilli somewhat longer than the last tarsal joint. 
Tegulfe yellow. Wings cinereous hyaline, the anterior cells 
yellowish ; small cross- vein at the middle of the discal cell ; angle 
of fourth vein rounded. 

$ . Front above less than one-fourth the width of the head ; a 
pair of reclinate vertical, and two pairs of orbital bristles present. 
Abdomen black, with strong white reflections ; the fifth segment 
red ; first segment with a single lateral bristle ; second with one 
lateral and discal and marginal; third segment with a discal pair 
and posterior row ; fourth segment wholly covered. 

Numerous specimens. This species is apparently an 
Eudexia, B. & B., and seems nearest allied to B.fraternay 
V. d. Wulp. 


Brauer and Bergenstamm, Denksclir. der K. Acad. 

Wissensch., Ivi., 164, 1889. 

1. SarcopJiilodes puella, n. sp. (PI. XII.j fig. \2{)his, 
head of ^.) 

(^ , 5 • Front broad, the median stripe scarcely one-third of its 
breadth ; at the upper corner of the eyes with two bristles, the 
inner longer one recurved, the outer one directed obliquely out- 
ward; a pair of proclinate ocellar bristles ; and two orbital bristles, 
the upper one reclinate the lower one proclinate ; on either side of 

362 Professor Williston on the 

the median stripe with about four or five rather strong bristles ; 
front of the female of the same width as that of the male, but 
•with two additional proclinate, orbital bristles. Third joint of the 
antennre not more than three times the length of the second, the 
arista moderately plumose on the basal half. Sides of the face and 
the cheeks bare, the latter with bristles on the lower margin. 
Mesonotum with well-developed centro-dorsal bristles extending 
in front of the suture. Scutellum with two well-developed bristles 
on each lateral margin, but without a marginal apical pair. Abdo- 
men short, oval ; second and third segments each with a pair of 
marginal bristles, the third with two additional lateral marginal 
ones, and the fourth with a posterior row ; hypopygium without 
bristles. Tibife without long hair, the bristles irregular. Third 
vein of the wings setulose at the proximal end, the distal section 
not sinuous ; anterior cross-vein nearly opposite the end of the 
first vein and at the middle of the discal cell, the distance from the 
anterior cross- vein to the posterior cross- vein equal to the length 
from the latter to the angle ; posterior cross-vein much less oblique 
than the apical cross-vein ; angle of the fourth vein with a fold, 
but not distinctly appendiculated ; first posterior cell narrowly 
open before the border of the wing. Head yellowish-grey ; 
frontal stripe red or brownish-red : antennte black. Mesonotum 
with three deep brown stripes, about as wide as the grey between 
them. Abdomen oqaque yellowish-grey, changeable in different 
reflection, with a median stripe and a row of three rather small 
spots on each side; hypopygium grey. Legs black. Wings hyaline. 
Length 4 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. The present 
species does not wholly agree with the definition of the 
genus, as given by Brauer and Bergenstamm. It differs 
in having the first posterior cell open and inappendiculate, 
and in having the hypopygium rather small. It may be 
a Sarcophayula, Wulp. 

Meigen, Syst. Beschr., v., 14, 1826. 

Taule of Species. 

1. Hypopygium or anal segments red 2 

Hypopygium or anal segments black or grey 5 

2. Hypopygium large, with abundant black hair and without 

bristles ; scutellum with three pairs of stout bristles ; 
posterior tibiae of males with long hair . . otiosa, n. sp. 
Tibife of male without long hair .3 

Biiitera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 363 

3. First segment of the hypopygium with well-developed 

bristles on its posterior margin ; first longitudinal vein 
with a few bristles at its jJi'oximal end ; scutellum 

without apical bristles cludopyglaUs. 

First segment of the hypopygium without bristles on its 

hind margin ; scutellum with a pair of apical bristles . 4 

4. Hypopygium large, both segments red, black hair ; meso- 

notum without black bristles in front . conc'mnata, n. sp. 
Hypopygium small, its first segment black . . i^arida^ n. sp. 

5. First longitudinal vein without bristles . . micropygialis^ n. sp. 
First longitudinal vein with bristles sp. 

1. Sarcophaga microjyygialis, n. sp. 

(J. Front above in width less than the length of the third 
antennal joint ; vertex with two strong proclinate bristles, a little 
in advance of the ocelli another, smaller, pair of reclinate bristles, 
apparently the beginning of the rather long ones composing the 
frontal rows ; ocelli with two proclinate bristles. Sides of the 
face narrow, not more than one-half the width of the median flat- 
tened surface ; a row of minute bristles near the ej'es, otherwise 
bare. The bare, hair-like tip of the arista about as long as the 
plumose portion. Cheeks with black hair, on the inferior 
margin with black bristles, reaching to the stout vibrissa, 
which are situated only a little distance above the oral margin. 
In colour, the sides of the front and face, the cheeks and the 
posterior orbits are light golden yellow, opaque central portion 
of the face grey ; frontal stripe and the antennae black. Black 
stripes of the mesonotum broad ; the mesonotum with black 
hair and with four rows of well-developed bristles, reaching 
to the front part. Scutellum with four stout bristles, and 
in the middle of the apical border a pair of minute bristles, 
closely approximated. Abdomen black, scarcely at all shining, 
the second and third segments each with four oval spots, some- 
what variable in different reflections ; third segment with a 
pair of median marginal bristles ; fourth segment with a strong, 
posterior row of bristles, and an oval black spot on each side 
anteriorly ; hypopygium small, black, grey or yellowish-grey 
pollinose, its first segment with a row of black bristles before its 
posterior margin. Legs black ; middle tibise with a single stout 
bristle on its posterior side near the middle; hind tibiaj with several 
bristles and without long hair on the inner side ; pulvilli long. 
Wings nearly hyaline ; first longitudinal vein without bristles ; 
third vein with bristles for more than half the distance to the 

364 Professor Williston on the 

anterior cross-vein, the latter situated at the middle of the discal 
cell; distance from the anterior cross-vein to the posterior cross- vein 
more than three times that from the latter to the angle of the 
fourth vein. Length 9 mm. 

2. 8arcoj)liaga concinnata, n. sp. 

^ . Agrees with 5. otiosa throughout, except that the middle and 
hind tibise are wholly without the thick long hair on the inner side, 
and the femora have less hair below. The specimens, moreover, 
seem to be less thickly haii'y than in that species, and the size is 
less. Length 9-11 mm. 

With tlie three specimens presenting the above char- 
acterSj there are four females which may belong with 
them, but from their larger size, I suspect are S. otiosa. 
The front is broader than in the males ; there are four 
well- developed bristles along the orbit and two orbital, 
proclinate bristles ; the black stripes of the mesonotum 
seem a little narrower; the fifth abdominal segment is 
red, the legs are without the long hair, and the claws are 
a little shorter. It is possible that the species is 
identical with 8. chrysostoma, Wied. 

3. Sarcoj^haga otiosa, n. sp. 

^ . Front narrow above, at the vertex the width is about equal 
to the length of the third antennal joint ; at each superior angle of 
the eyes there is a stout bristle directed backwards ; a little way in 
front of these there is a siugle, smaller bristle on each side ; along 
the edge of the frontal stripe, a row of thick-set bristles, short 
above, but becoming successively longer below. Sides of the face 
bare, except a row of minute bristles situated close to the eyes. 
The antennae reach nearly to the stout vibrissse ; arista long and 
densely plumose. Cheeks light-golden pilose, with a row of black 
bristles on the inferior margin, reaching to the vibrissce ; vibrissas 
situated at some distance above the oral margin. In colour, the 
sides of the front and of the face are opaque, light golden -yellow, 
the frontal stripe, the antennse, and the vibrissal ridges black, the 
last gi-eyish pollinose. Stripes of the mesonotum broad and deep 
black ; mesonotum with abundant black hair, but without bristles, 
except on the posterior part. Scutellum with three pairs of stout 
bristles, the apical pair approximated and cruciate. Abdomen 
marmorate, metallic-black and yellowish-grey, variable in different 

Diptera of 8t. Vincent {West Indies). 365 

reflections; third segment with two or four, median, marginal 
bristles and two lateral ones ; fourth segment with a row of strong 
marginal ones ; hypopygium large, reddish-yellow, thickly clothed 
with black hair or pile, its first segment without bristles. Legs 
stout, metallic-black; front femora pollinose behind; middle tibiae, 
except on the basal third, and the hind tibiae thi'oughout, with 
abundant long black pile; all the femora have rather abundant 
pile on the under-side ; middle tibiae with a single stout bristle on 
the outer-side, near the middle, the hind tibiae with four or five, 
besides the terminal ones. Wings nearly hyaline ; first longi- 
tudinal vein bare, the third with a few bristles at the extreme 
base ; outer cross- veins in nearly the same straight line, the 
posterior cross-vein joining the fourth vein beyond the middle of 
the distance between the anterior cross-vein and the angle. Claws 
elongate. Length 12-13 mm. 

Five specimens There are no ocellar bristles. It is 
not improbable that the female of this species is that 
mentioned under the preceding. 

4. 8arcophaga pavida, n. sp. 

(^. Width of the front above greater than the length of the 
third antennal joint ; at the angle of the eyes above a strong 
reclinate bristle ; below the ocelli on either side, forming the 
beginning of the frontal row (the bristles of which are distinctly 
smaller) there are two, strong reclinate bristles ; ocelli with two 
small, proclinate bristles. A row of minute bristles on the sides of 
the face near the eyes ; otherwise bare. Cheeks with yellow hair 
and with black bristles on its lower margin. In colour, the sides of 
the front of the face, the cheeks, and the posterior orbits are light 
golden-yellow, the median facial depression grey, the frontal 
stripe and the antennae black. Black stripes of the mesonotum 
rather broader than the intervening grey stripes; bristles of 
the mesonotum extending to the front. Scutellum with two stout 
bristles on each lateral border, and a pair of smaller, approximated, 
cruciate ones at the tip. Abdomen black, shining ; the second, 
third and fourth segments each with four oval, grey spots, 
changeable in different reflections ; third segment with median 
marginal bristles ; hypopygium small, its first segment yellowish- 
grey, almost wholly concealed, the posterior segment shining-red, 
with black hair. Legs black ; middle tibiae with two median 
exterior bristles, the lower one stout ; hind tibite without hair on 
the inner side. Wings greyish-hyaline ; first longitudinal vein 
without bristles ; outer cross-veins in nearly the same direction ; 

TKANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART III. (SEPT.) 25 

366 Professor Williston on the 

antei'ior cross-vein at the middle of the discal cell ; the distance 
between the cross- veins is less than three times that from the 
posterior one to the angle. Length 9 mm. 

$ . A single strong reclinate bristle at the beginning of the 
frontal row : two proclinate, orbital bristles on each side ; fifth 
abdominal segment very small, nearly concealed, red ; front a little 
broader above. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. 

5. Sarcophaga ch^tojpygialis, n. sp. 

^. Width of the front above less than the length of the 
third antennal joint ; a stout reclinate bristle at the angle of the 
eyes, another, less strong, forming the beginning of the frontal 
rows ; and a pair of small, proclinate ©cellar bristles. Bristle of 
the antennaj plumose nearly to the extremity. Sides of the face 
bare ; cheeks with black hairs. The dorso-central bristles of 
the mesonotum extend to the front ; black stripes of the 
mesonotum much broader than the grey intervals. Scutellum with 
two stout bristles on each side, and without the apical pair. 
Abdomen shining black, with four rows of grey spots, only 
moderately changeable in different reflections. Hypopygium 
prominent, shining red, the first segment with well-developed 
bristles on its hind margin ; hair sparse, black. Wings distinctly 
greyish-hyaline ; first and third veins with bristles ; posterior 
cross-vein distinctly less oblique than the apical cross-vein ; 
anterior cross- vein at the middle of the discal cell. Length 7-8 mm. 

$ . Front a little broader above ; anal segment red, small, 
nearly concealed ; front with orbital bristles. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 


Linne, Fauna Suecica, 1763. 

1. Musca domestica. 

Musca domestica, Linne, etc. — Cosmopolitan. 
Musca harpyia, Harris, Ent. Correspond., 335. — 
North America. 


Geoffroy, Hist, des Ins., i., 1764. 

1. Stomoxys calcitrans, Linne, etc. — Cosmopolitan. 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 367 


Robineau Desvoidy, Myodaires, 452, 1830. 
1. Luoilia [Compsomyia] macellaria. 

Musca macellaria, Fabricius, Syst. Ent., 776 (for 
the extensive bibliography and synonymy, see 
Lynch A., An. Soc. Cient. Arg., x., 7i, 233). — 
North and South America. 

2. Lucilia ruficornis. 

? Lucilia ruficornis, Macquart, Dipt. Exot. ler Suppl., 
198 ; Schiuer, Reise der Novara, Dipt., 3U4; 
Roeder, Stett. Ent. Zeit., xiii., 347; Bigot, in 
Ramon de la Sagra. Nat. Hist., 821. — Colombia 
(Macq.), Chile (Schiner), Cuba (Bigot), Porto 
Rico (Roeder). 

? Lucilia cluvia, Walker, List, iv., 885. — West Indies. 
^ ? Mitsca insularis, Walker, Dipt., Saund., 340. — West 

I do not feel quite sure of the determination. 


Robineau Desvoidy, Myodaires, 516, 1830. 

1. O-phyra senescens. (PI. XII., figs. 120, head of $ ; 
120a, wing.) 

Anthomyia wnescens, Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 

435. — New Orleans, West Indies. 
Ophyra senescens, Macquart, Dipt. Exot. ler Suppl., 

203; Roeder, Stett. Ent. Zeit., 1885.— Texas 

(Macq.), Porto Rico (Roeder). 

$ . Deep shining green black, the face and legs black. Eyes 
nearly contiguous. Front below with short bristles. Antennae 
dark-red ; arista slender, bare. A small spot in the middle above 
the antennae ; the face and the cheeks light, silvery pollinose ; 
oral and cheek bristles small. Proboscis short ; palpi yellow. 
Abdomen ovate, with rather dense, erect, black hair ; bristles at 
the tip slender and not long. Wings lightly tinged with brown. 
Hind tibi^ simple. Length 5 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

368 Professor Williston 07i the 


Latreille, Precis, etc., 1796. 
1. Lispa uliginosa. 

Lispa uliginosa, Fallen, Dipt. Suec. Muse, 93 ; 
Loew, Stett. Ent. Zeit., viii., 24; Kovvarz, 
Wien. Ent. Zeit., xi. — Europe, North America. 

Six specimens. St. Vincent. 

Macquart, Hist. Nat. Dipt., ii., 274, 1835. 

1. Cyrtoneura maculipennis, n. sp. (PI. XII., figs. 121, 
head of $ ; 121a, wing.) 
$ . Eyes bare, separated at the vertex by a space not twice the 
width of the ocellar tubercle. Front with a median, narrow, black 
stripe, broader at the lower end ; orbits silvery-grey, with a single 
row of bristles, descending as far as the proximal end of the second 
joint of the antennae. Ocellar tubercle with two strong procli- 
nate bristles. Antennae black , the second j oint and the immediate base 
of the third largely yellowish, the third joint reaching nearly to 
the strong oral bristles ; arista long plumose. Face light-grey 
pollinose. Proboscis and palpi black. Mesonotum lightly grey 
pollinose ; in some lights with two slender, interrupted stripes on 
each side, and the beginning of two median ones in front. 
Scutellum grey pollinose, large, triangular, with two approximated 
bristles at its apex. Pleurae black, only slightly pollinose. 
Abdomen short and broad, greyish-j-ellow pollinose, somewhat 
variable in different reflections, the shining ground-colour showing 
through ; clothed with short bristly hairs and with moderately 
long bristles at the tip. Legs wholly black. Wings greyish- 
hyaline, or uniformly tinged with pale brownish ; a small blackish 
spot at the tip of the auxiliary vein, and one on the anterior cross- 
vein ; the posterior cross-vein, which is nearly straight and 
rectangular to the fifth vein, is lightly clouded ; first posterior 
cell slightly narrowed in the margin. Tegula3 nearly white, the 
upper one smaller than the under one. Halteres yellow. Length 
4^-5|^ mm. 

$ . Front less than one-third of the width of the head, the 
median black stripe broad, and of equal width. Pulvilli a little 
smaller than in the male. Abdomen grey, with irregular light- 
brown markings. 

Six specimens. St. Vincent. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 369 


Robiueau Desvoidy, Essai sur les Myod., 517, 1830. 

1. Limnophora exilis, n. sp. 
cj. Front long, the eyes very nearly contiguous below the 
ocelli, leaving a very narrow space in which there are rows of long 
slender bristles ; below, the opaque black of this space broadens 
out into the frontal triangle, leaving the orbits narrowly silvery. 
Antennae black, the third joint not reaching to the vibrissal bristles ; 
arista bare. Face lightly grey pollinose ; epistoma but very little 
projecting ; cheeks very narrow. Mesonotum shining black 
the lateral margins in front of the suture, the pleuree and the 
abdomen, where not spotted, light-grey pollinose. Scutellum 
shining black. Abdomen ovate, the first segment in large part, 
the second and third each with three large, subconfluent, subopaque, 
black spots ; fourth segment for the most part shining. Legs 
black ; hind tibiae with long black pile on the inner side ; pulvilli 
not elongated. Wings yellowish hyaline ; penultimate section of 
the fourth vein shorter than the posterior cross-vein, the latter 
rectangular. Palpi black. Length 3^ mm. 

Two specimeus. St. Vincent. 

2. Limnophora dehilis, n. sp. 
$ . Eyes nearly contiguous below the ocelli. Front silvery 
white, with a large, opaque, black triangle below, with two 
rows of erect black bristles. Antennae dark-brownish red ; 
arista bare. Face silvery grey. Thorax black ; mesonotum 
densely light yellowish-grey pollinose, with three complete and 
two incomplete, narrow, dark-brown stripes. Pleurae densely light, 
grey pollinose. Scutellum of the same yellowish-grey colour as 
the dorsum of the thorax, with a discal, dark-brown spots; it is large 
and triangular, and has a pair of apical cruciate bristles, and one 
on each border. Abdomen ovate, opaque light yellow; first segment 
on the sides and the fourth segment for the greater part black, 
covered with light-yellowish pollen ; second and third segments each 
with a pair of dark-brown, opaque spots. Legs black, the knees 
yellow; hind tibias not hairy. Tegulaj white, the under one project- 
ing. Halteres yellow. Wings greyish hyaline. Length 5-6 mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. With these two male 
specimens, there is a large number of female specimens 
of smaller size, in which the abdomen is black in 
ground-colour, with two pairs of dark-brown spots 

370 Professor Williston on the 

on the second and third segments. The front is 
broad, with a black stripe. The wings show a noticeable 
difference in that the posterior cross-vein is at right- 
angles to the fourth vein, and is a little shorter than the 
penultimate section of the fourth vein. In the males 
described above the anterior angle of the discal cell is 
distinctly less than a right angle, and the posterior 
cross-vein is longer than the penultimate section of the 
fourth vein. The epistoma is but Httle prominent in 
either sex. 

3. Limnophora (Spilogaster ?) exiil, n. sp. (PL XIL, 
figs. J 22, head of $ ; 122a, wing.) 

^ . Black. Eyes narrowly separated below the ocelli : median 
black stripe of the front expanded triangularly below ; orbital 
margins silvery pollinose. Antennae black ; the third joint does 
not reach to the oral bristles ; arista short plumose. Face light- 
grey pollinose. Proboscis and palpi slender, black. Mesonotum 
light yellowish- grey, opaque, with three broad, black stripes, the 
lateral ones widened back of the suture to the root of the wings. 
Scutellum black, its margins grey with four bristles, the apical 
cruciate pair appi'oximated. Pleurae light-grey pollinose, the upper 
part black. Abdomen elongate ovate ; opaque light yellowish-grey; 
the first segment, except the posterior lateral margins and a pair 
of large triangles on the second and third segments, extending the 
whole length of each segment, and leaving a narrow stripe between 
them, black ; fourth segment with three black or brown spots, the 
median one elongate. Legs black ; pulvilli elongate ; none of the 
tibiae hairy. Wings lightly tinged ; fourth vein sinuous near the 
extremity, narrowing the first posterior cell. Tegulae white, the 
under one much larger than the upper one. Length 6-7 mm. 

5 . Front less than one -third of the width of the head, with a 
broad black stripe. Abdomen broader and shorter, the deep-brown 
(not opaque black) markings more extensive, leaving a median 
stripe on the first three segments and the posterior angles of the 
first segment opaque grey. 

Ten specimens. St. Vincent. 


Meigen, Syst. Beschr. Europ. Dipt., v., 210, 1826. 

1. Coenosia Jiavipes, n. sp. 
^ . Front densely light-grey pollinose, the ground-colour showing 
through bluish ; in width about one-fourth that of the head. 

Biptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 371 

Face, cheeks and occiput of the same colour or lighter. Antennae 
pure light yellow ; arista bare, slender, yellow at its base. Thorax 
everywhere densely light-grey pollinose, but with a bluish tint as 
though from the black ground-colour ; mesonotum with a median 
brown stripe. Abdomen yellow, the distal segments brownish or 
blackish ; in shape elongate ovate and not flattened. Legs wholly 
yellow. Wings tinged with yellowish ; penultimate section of the 
fourth vein not longer than the posterior cross- vein. Length 6 mm. 

$ . Mesonotum with three brown stripes. Antennse darker, the 
third joint in part brownish. Abdomen darker, the second and 
following segments each with a pair of small rounded spots, and a 
median brownish stripe. Hind tarsi brownish. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

2. Coenosia insularis, n. sp. (PL XII., figs. 123, head 
of S ; 123a, wing.) 

^ . Front opaque golden yellow, a little less than one-third of 
the width of the head, and of nearly equal width. AntenuEe 
black ; arista finely pubescent. Face yellowish-grey. Cheeks be- 
low the eyes rather narrower than the width of the third joint of 
the antennte. Occiput swollen below ; greyish pollinose, the orbits 
yellow. Mesonotum densely light grey pollinose, with two broad, 
dark coffee-brown stripes extending on the sides of the scutellum, 
the latter with a median, light coloured stripe, extending from the 
mesonotum. Pleurae greyish pollinose. Abdomen cylindrical, only 
a little broader at the base ; shining brownish-black with the an- 
terior angles of the segments broadly grey pollinose ; covered with 
recumbent hairs, and with a slender lateral bristle on each 
segment. Legs black ; the knees and coxae in front (beneath the 
pollen) yellowish. Wings tinged with pale-brown. Tegulae nearly 
white, the under one projecting beyond the upper. Halteres yellow. 
Palpi black. Length 6-7 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. The abdomen in 
the female is elliptical. 


Fallen, Dipt. Suec. Opomyz., 4, 1820. 

1. Tanypeza claripennis. (PI. XII., figs. 124, head of $ ; 
124(Z, wing.) 

Tanypeza claripennis, Schiner, Reise der Novara, Dipt., 
247.— Brazil. 

372 Professor Williston on the 

A single specimen without abdomen and liind legs, but 
which, otherwise, agrees so well with the description of 
this species that I believe the determination is sufficiently 


Meigen, Illiger's Mag., 1803; Geijx, Dumeril, 1801. 

1. Calohata angulata. 

Calohata angulata, Loew, Centur., vii., 87 ; Schiner, 
Reise der Novara, Dipt., 253, Brazil, Colombia 
(Schiner, Loew). 

In the present collection there are about twenty 
specimens which were thought at first sight to be 
conspecific. A more careful examination, however, 
disclosed trustworthy specific differences. Both of 
the species are evidently closely allied to G. lasciva, 
Fabr., and it is not improbable that they have been 
confounded with that species. I do not know G. lasciva, 
but they differ, according to Schiner, in the light-coloured 
bands of the hind femora being oblique. Schiner 
thought that C. angnhita might be identical with 
C. annidata, P., but, if my determinations are correct, 
he was in error. In the present species the front is 
very narrow and long, distinctly less than one-third of 
the width of the head. The front tarsi are white from 
near the middle of the metatarsi, the terminal joints 
scarcely perceptibly darker. The lighter-coloured por- 
tions of the wing are subhyaline, and the first posterior 
cell is narrowly open The head is reddish-yellow with a 
small dark-red or black spot in the middle of the front. 
The antennae in all our specimens are more reddish than 
black. I have compared specimens from Brazil in my 
collection, and find no differences. 

2. Galohata annulata. 
Musca annulata, Fabricius, Syst., iv., 338 ; Syst. Antl., 

Calohata annulata, Wiedemann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 

534. — Cayenne. 
Grallopoda annulata, Rondani, Esapoda Ditteri, 178. — 

Ins. St. Sebastian. 

The species which I identify as this from both St. 
Vincent and Brazil, has a dark reddish-brown head, with 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 373 

a broad front, distinctly more than one-tliird of the width 
of the head, brownish-red antennae, a rather narrow 
clypeus, stouter and rather longer front tarsi, with only 
the second, third, and fourth joints light-yellow, the 
lighter coloured parts of the wing more pure hyaline, and 
the first posterior cell closed. 

The genus Calohata has been repeatedly subdivided 
by Macquart and Kondani, but their subdivisions have not 
been accepted by later writers. For C. lasciva (G. 
alhimana, Macq.) Macquart proposed the genus Txniap- 
tera, but afterward withdrew it. For the same species 
Rondani proposed Grallopoda. For the species with open 
first posterior cell, bare arista and long anal cell, he pro- 
posed Mimegralla ; for those with closed first posterior 
cell, bare arista and long anal cell, Grallomyia; while 
Kaineria, which was afterwards changed to Tanipoda, 
was applied to species differing from G-rallomyia in the 
short anal cell. Calohata he restricted to those species 
with plumose antennal arista. 

3. Calohata mellea, n. sp. (PI. XII., fig. 125, wing.) 
($ , 5 . Reddish yellow ; abdomen black. Sides of the front 
shining ; in the middle a dark-red opaque stripe. Antennis yellow, 
third joint not twice as long as wide ; arista short-plumose. Face 
yellow, silvery pollinose on the sides. Clypeus of moderate width, 
red or black, shining. Thorax reddish-yellow, shining, the pleuras 
a little lighter coloured. Abdomen black, shining, slender; male 
organs and the ovipositor, except its base, yellow. Legs yellow ; 
front tibiae except the extreme tip black ; middle and hind tibi«, 
middle tarsi, and the hind tarsi, except the greater portion of the 
metatarsi brownish ; front metatarsi light-yellow ; hind metatarsi 
yellow. Wings hyaline, with a large brown spot filling out the 
first posterior cell to beyond its middle, the outer half of the 
discal cell, and triangularly in the submarginal cell to near the tip 
of the second vein ; first posterior cell narrowly open ; anal cell 
not produced. Length 6-8 mm. 

Nine specimens. St. Vincent. 

Fabricius, Syst. Antl., 1805. 

1. Nerius histriatus, n. sp. (PI. XII., figs. 126, head of ? ; 
126a, wing.) 
$ . Front narrowly opaque yellow on the sides, in the middle 
with a broad opaque black stripe, broader in front, where it is red- 

374 Professor Williston on the 

dish. Basal joints of the antenna) blackish ; third joint brownish- 
red ; arista slender, black. Face yellow, somewhat blackish in the 
depression ; the sides above, running obliquely to the root of the 
antennae, shining black. The yellow of the face continues back 
horizontally at the lower margin of the eye ; the occiput is black, 
except a yellow spot back of the middle of each eye. Mesonotura 
opaque black, with two light, greyish-yellowish, pollinose stripes. 
Scutellum opaque black, with a broad yellow stripe in the middle. 
Pleurje opaque black, more or less yellowish-dusted ; along the 
dorsopleural suture a yellow stripe, as though continuous with the 
yellow spot of the sides of the occiput; lower portion of the pleura3 
in front yellow ; a rounded process in front of the halteres yellow. 
Abdomen black, not at all shining; ovipositor cylindrical, yellowish. 
Coxa3 and legs yellow, the tarsi somewhat inf uscated ; fi'ont femora 
for the whole length below, and the four posterior femora distally, 
spinose. Wings strongly tinged with brownish-yellowish ; first 
posterior cell open. Length G mm. 
One specimen. St. Vincent. 



Loew, Berl. Ent. Zeit., v., 385, 1867. 
1. Euxesta stigmatias. (PI. XII., fig. 127, wing.) 

Euxesta stigmatias, Loew, Berl. Ent. Zeit., xi., 310, 
pi. ii., fig. 18; Monogr., iii., 163, pi. ix., 
fig. 1 7. — Cuba, Brazil. 

Numerous specimens agreeing with the description. 
The hind metatarsi are, for the most part, yellow. 

2. Euxesta annome. 

Musca annonse, Fabricius, Ent. Syst., iv., 358. 
Tephritis annonse, Fabricius, Syst. Antl., 320. 
Ortulis annonse, Wiedemann, Auss. Zweifl. Ins., ii., 

463. — South America. 
Urophura quadrivittata, Macquart, Hist. Nat. Dipt., ii., 

Euxesta annonse, Loew, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr., xi., 305, 

pi. ii., fig. 13 ; Monogr., iii., 162, pi. ix., fig. 13. — 

Amethysa annonse, Schiner, Reise der Novara, 

Diptera, 283. — South America. 

Diptera of 8t. Vincent {West Indies). 375 

A single specimen which agrees with the description 
in everything save some of the wing-markings. The 
brown bands of the wings have blackish clouds continu- 
ing them to the hind margin, and there is a distinct 
hyaline interval in front of the second vein between the 
third and fourth bands. 

3. Eiixesta, n. sp. 

A single specimen of a small species differs from all 
known to me of those having four bands, in the 
possession of a rounded hyaline spot in front of the 
second vein and beyond the third band. The purely 
hyaline interval is situated beyond this spot, and is 
narrow ; the apical band is narrow, and the brown of 
the broad second band scarcely exceeds the third vein, 
but is filled out to the hind margin by a strong blackish 
cloud. The species is small, the front is brownish-red, 
the antennae, front cox^e and metatarsi are yellowish. It 
is labelled " Southern end of the island. Open ground 
near sea, on herbage. May.^' 

4. Euxesta apicalis, n. sp. (PI. XII., fig. 128, wing.) 

^ , $ . Allied to E. notata, but the costal cell wholly brown. 
Steel-blue or greeu-blue, but little shining, the abdomen with 
blackish reflections. Front dark-red or reddish-brown, the orbits 
narrowly whitish ; the vertex and the upper part of the orbits, 
blue ; hair black. Antennae brownish-yellow, the third joint oval. 
Face considerably excavated, and, together with the clypeus, steel- 
blue, shining, the upper part poUinose ; cheeks reddish. An arcu- 
ate band extending across the middle of the mesonotum has a 
more blackish reflection. Coxae and femora light yellow ; front 
tibiae and tarsi black ; the four posterior tibiae and the distal 
joints of their tarsi brown, their basal joints yellow or yellowish. 
Wings hyaline ; the costal and subcostal cells throughout, a small 
spot in the extreme proximal end of the submarginal cell, and a 
small spot beginning at the extreme tip of the marginal and ex- 
tending across the submarginal into the first basal cell, uniformly 
dark brown ; fourth vein distinctly curved forward, narrowing the 
first posterior cell ; the fifth vein reaches the margin of the wing ; 
first section of the ovipositor a little longer than wide, distinctly 
longer than the last abdominal segment, yellowish at the base ; 
abdomen for the most part black. Length i-i^ mm 

Six specimens. St. Vincent. 

376 Professor Williston on the 


Loew, Berl. Ent. Zeit., 1867, 324. 

1. Epiplatea amabilis, n. sp. 

5 . Front moderately broad, slightly narrower above, opaque 
yellowish-red, with short black hairs. Face shining translucent 
reddish-yellow ; gently excavated under each antenna ; nearly 
vertical and straight in profile. Frontal, facial and occipital orbits 
narrowly silvery-white. The clypeus forms a narrow, horse-shoe 
shaped body, not projecting in profile. Antennae reddish-yellow ; 
third joint elongate oval, not reaching quite to the lower margin of 
the face ; arista black, bare. Proboscis stout ; palpi slender, 
yellowish, except at the base. Mesouotum uniformly yellowish- 
red (about the same colour as the front) ; scutellum somewhat 
brownish, with four bristles. Pleurae shining, more brownish, in 
the middle below brown. The short hair of the mesonotum and 
the bristles are black. Abdomen wholly deep shining black, with 
short black hair ; ovipositor but little longer than the last 
abdominal segment, black. Legs deep brown, the knees and 
tarsi more yellowish ; middle tibiae with a stout spur ; front 
femora with some bristles below. Wings nearly hyaline ; the 
costal and subcostal cells, reaching back through the beginning of 
the submarginal cell to the fourth vein, a band beginning at the 
outer part of the first vein and reaching over the anterior cross- 
vein, an elongate spot of about the same width covering the pos- 
terior cross- vein, and the apex of the wing, save a rounded interval 
at the very tip, brown ; third and fourth veins somewhat con- 
vergent at the tip ; anal cell rounded distally, not at all drawn out 
into a point. Lengch 4§-5 mm. 

This species, it will be seen, does not agree in all its 
details with the characters given by Loew for the genus, 
but the discrepancies are trivial. In some specimens the 
brown spots of the wings are narrower, and that at the 
tip might be called an incomplete band. Four speci- 



Meigen, Illiger^s Mag., ii., 1803. 

1 . Trypeta (Aciiira) phcenicura. 

Trypeta p)hoenicura, Loew, Monogr., iii., 269, pi. yi., 
fig. 12. — Brazil. 

Dipfera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 377 

Four specimens, agreeing closely with Loew's 

2. Trypeta (Tephritis) fucata. (PI. XII., fig. 129, wing.) 

Musca fucata, Fabricius, Ent. Syst., iv., 359. — West 

Tephritis fucata, Fabricius, Syst. Antl., 321. 
Trypeta fucata, Wiedemann, Auss. Zweiti. Ins., ii., 

505. — South America. 
Trypeta {Tephritis) fucata, Loew, Monogr., iii., 300. — 

Buenos Aires. 

A female specimen agreeing well with Loew's de- 
scription, which was drawn from one of Wiedemann's 

3. Trypeta {Ensina) peregrina. (PI. XIII., fig. 130, wing.) 

Trypeta (Ensina) peregrina, Loew, Monogr., iii., 292, 
pi. X., fig. 30. — Brazil. 

Two specimens, one of which is labelled " Leeward, 
near sea. By open stream. Sept." 

4. Trypeta [Evaresta] ynelanogastra. (PI. XIII., fig. 131, 


Trypeta melanogastra, Loew, Monogr., i., 90, pl. ii., 
fig. 24; iii., 315, pl. x., fig. 24.— Cuba. 

Five specimens. In several of the specimens the 
base of the abdomen is yellow ; in all the metanotum 
is not shining, but pollinose. 

5. Trypeta {Urellia) Solaris. (Pl. XIIL, fig. 132, wing.) 

Trypeta (Urellia) Solaris, Loew, Monogr., i., 84, pl, ii., 
fig. 19; iii., 325, pl. x., fig. 19.— United States. 

Two specimens, which agree closely with the descrip- 
tion and figures of this species. With them, however, 
are others which seem less certainly identical. They are 
smaller, and have in the wings a ninth ray, as is de- 
scribed for U. pjohjclona. The latter, however, is described 
as having four scutellar bristles. 

378 Professor Williston on the 

6. Trypeta {Plagiotoma) wco7npleta, n. sp. 

(J , $ . Yellow, the mesonotum with two, the abdomen with 
eight black spots. Front rather narrow, especially below ; on 
each side with three or four brownish bristles, and with two pro- 
clinate ocellar bristles. Antenna light-yellow ; arista bare, black 
on the distal half. Face vertical, the oral margin projecting a 
little. Proboscis short ; palpi projecting slightly in front of the 
oral margin. Mesonotum light ochraceous yellow, with short 
yellow hairs and brownish bristles ; just above and behind the root 
of the wing on each side, there is a small round black spot ; 
scutellum with four bristles. Abdomen a little more reddish, with 
yellow hairs ; on each side with fonr rounded black spots. Ovipo- 
sitor yellow, as long or a little longer than the last two abdominal 
segments (in one specimen it is drawn out longer than the 
abdomen). Legs yellow. Wings very similar to those of P. obliquay 
Say, except that the first oblique band back of the tip of the wing 
is represented only by the blackish spot at the tip of the fourth 
vein and a slight yellowish tinge in front of it. Length 
83-4 mm. 

This species is closely allied to P. ohliqua, Say, but 
differs in both sexes in the absence of the pleural spots 
(there is a blackish spot at the root of the halteres, and 
a small pair on the underside of the scutellum), and in 
the wing-markings. 


Fallen, Ortalidse, 1820. 

1. Lonclisea longicornis, n. sp. 

$ . Front narrow, with nearly parallel sides, about three times 
as long as wide ; shining black. Antennae brownish-black ; third 
joint elongate, reaching to beyond the oral margin ; arista bare. 
Eyes bare. Thorax and abdomen wholly deep shining black. Tegulfe 
white ciliate. Legs brownish-black, all the metatarsi light-yellow. 
Wings lightly tinged with brownish-yellowish. Length 4 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 379 

2. Lonclisea brevicornis, n. sp. 

$ . Front and face shining greenish-black ; front about twice 
as long as wide. Antennae black, the third joint oval, not twice as 
long as wide ; arista bare. Eyes bare. Thorax and abdomen deep 
metallic-green ; ovipositor black. Legs brownish-black, the first 
two joints of all the tarsi light-yellow. Wings greyish hyaline. 
Length 4 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 


Macquart, Dipt. Exot. SuppL, iii., 60, 1851 ; Eupfe- 
romyia, Bigot. Eev. et Mag. Zool., 309, 1859. 

1. Physogenua nigra, n.B^. (PI. XIII., fig. 133, head of (? .) 
^ , ? . Deep shining black throughout, the third joint of the 
antennte and the four posterior tarsi reddish-yellow. Face large, 
bare, smooth, evenly convex from side to side and from the 
antennas to near the oral margin ; just above the oral margin a 
narrow horizontal groove ; the narrow orbits silvery ; clypeus 
slightly prominent ; the face on either side with three or four small 
bristles. Palpi slender, black. Third joint of the antennas twice 
as long as wide ; arista black, plumose. Scutellum convex, subtri- 
ans;ular, with four bristles. Halteres white. Abdomen short-oval. 
Wings tinged with brownish-yellow ; first posterior cell a little 
narrowed at the extremity ; anterior cross-vein nearly opposite the 
tip of the first vein. Length 4^ mm. 

Six specimens. St. Vincent. From the two described 
species, P. vittata, Macq. {Lauxania variegata, Loew), and 
P. ferruginea, Sch., the present is easily distinguished by- 
its black colour. 


Fallen, Dipt. Suec. Ortalid., 29, 1820. 

1. Arista plumose 2 

Arista pubescent or bare 7 

2. Mesonotum striped 3 

Mesonotum unicolorous ; wings without dark markings . 5 

3. Pleura3 with stripes ; face with a small black spot in the 

middle below 4 

Pleurae unicolorous imella, n. sp. 

380 Professor "Williston on the 

4. Wings with markings octovHtata. n. sp. 

Wings unicolorous macula, Loew 

5. Shining black species (Lauxanki), sp. 

Not shining black *^> 

6. Third joint of the antennae yellow sordida, Med. 

Third joint in large part black vulgaris, Fitch. 

7. Mesonotum vittate 8 

Mesonotum not vittate 11 

8. Wings for the most part dark-brown . . angustipennis, n. sp. 
Wings nearly hyaline 9 

9. Mesonotum with four slender brown stripes ; third joint of 

the antennae reddish-yellow Imeata, n. sp. 

Mesonotum with broad stripes ; third joint of antennse 

black 10 

10. Mesonotum with broad ashy-grey and brown stripes exul, n. sp. 
Mesonotum with yellow and brown stripes . . vetmsta, n. sp. 

11. Scutellum with two black spots on the margin ingrata, n. sp. 
Scutellum without spots sororia n. sp. 

1. Sapromyza macula, 

Sapromyza macula, Loew, Centur., x., 82. — Texas. 

(J , $ . Front opaque-yellow, with a median brown stripe ; 
ocelli with small proclinate bristles. Antennte yellow, third joint 
twice as long as wide ; arista short-plumose. Face and cheeks 
light-yellow, the former with a round black spot above the oral 
margin in front, the latter with a small brown spot. Thorax 
ochraceous yellow, the mesonotum with four dark-brown stripes, 
the median pair extending on the scutellum. Pleuraj with two 
brown stripes, the upper one below the base of the wings ; the 
lower, shorter, one across the base of the middle coxa3. Abdomen 
yellow or luteous yellow, with three rows of black spots, the 
lateral ones more or less elongate and sometimes coalescent. Legs 
light-yellow, the tibiae with a proximal, more or less indistinct 
(especially on the front pairs), narrow brown ring. Wings tinged 
with yellowish ; penultimate section of the fourth vein one-half 
the length of the ultimate section. Length 5-51^ mm. 

Numerous speciuiens from St. Vincent and Chapada, 
Brazil. I have no North American specimens for com- 
parison, but the description applies so well that I think 
the identification is probable. The West Indian speci- 
mens are lighter yellow, and the thoracic stripes are 
darker and are continued on the scutellum. Those from 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 381 

Brazil agree more closely with Loew's description. lu 
the West Indian specimens there is also a distinct 
frontal stripe, only slightly indicated in the South 
American ones. 

2. Sapromyza angustipennis, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig. 134, 


c^, $. Front broader above than below, its width at the 
anterior end equal to about one-half the length ; opaque reddish- 
brown with yellowish spots ; on either side with four small yellow 
tubercles, from the upper three of which the stout frontal bristles 
arise. Antennae brovpnish-yellow ; third joint a little longer than 
wide. Face thickly greyish-pollinose, with two small, oval black 
spots. Cheeks, proboscis, palpi, and the greater part of the occiput 
light-yellow. Mesonotum and scutellum opaque reddish-brown, 
the former with the beginning of stripes and two or three minute 
spots on each side in front grey. Pleurae more yellowish-brown. 
Abdomen long ovate ; first three segments light-yellow ; the next 
three yellow with a narrow median stripe and an ill-defined spot, 
each side black. Legs light-yellow ; hind tibiaj with a stout pre- 
apical bristle. Wings elongate, deep brown in front, nearly 
hyaline on the posterior part ; in the outer part there are two or 
three small round hyaline spots, near which the brown is of a 
deeper colour. Length 3^-4 mm. 

Six specimens. This species, in its front and elongated 
wings, is somewhat aberrant from most SapromyzEe. 

3. Sapromyza puella, n. sp. 

(J , $ . Front only a little longer than wide ; reddish-yellow, 
brownish above and on the sides. Antenna; black, the first two 
joints somewhat reddish ; third joint oval, more than twice as long 
as wide ; arista plumose on the upper side of the proximal part. 
Face, cheeks and lower part of the occiput light-yellow. Thorax 
deep-brown or black, almost opaque, with two narrow greyish 
stripes. Scutellum black. Abdomen black, the terminal segments 
more or less reddish. Legs light-yellow, the tarsi brownish ; hind 
tibiio without a preapical bristle. Wings yellowish ; ultimate 
section of the fourth vein rather more than twice the length of 
the penultimate section. Length 2^-3 mm. 

Twenty specimens. St. Vincent. 

TEANS. ENT. SOC, LOND. 1896. — PART III. (SEPT.) 26 

382 Professor Williston oji the 

4. Sa'promyza exnl, n. sp. 

(^ , 5 . Front about twice a,s long as wide, opaque yellowish- 
grey, with an opaque dark-brown median stripe, slightly narrowed 
anteriorly. Antennae brownish-yellow, third ioint in part blackish, 
rather narrow, about three times as long as wide ; arista pubescent. 
Face black in ground-colour, thickly silverj'grey-poUinose. Occiput 
black, the narrow lateral orbits grey. Mesonotum densely yellowish 
grey-pollinose, with three broad, dark coffee-brown stripes, the 
middle stripe about equal in width to the adjacent light-coloured 
stripes. Scutellum with the yellowish-grey stripes of the meso- 
notum continued and uniting at the tip, leaving the middle as the 
continuation of the middle brown stripe. Pleurse for the most 
part shining black, somewhat thinly pruinose above. Abdomen 
shining black, thinly greyish-pollinose in an oblique light. Legs 
deep-brown, the femora more black, the base of the tibiae, the four 
posterior tarsi and the front metatarsi yellow ; hind tibiae with a 
well-developed preapical bristle. Wings light brownish-yellowish ; 
penultimate second of the fourth vein more than one-half of the 
length of the ultimate section. Length 4-4|^ mm. 

Eight specimens. St. Vincent. 

5. Sajpromyza octovittata, n. sp. 

(^ , $ . Front opaque yellow, rather longer than wide, with a 
median brown stripe, on either side of which there are three stout 
bristles ; ocelli with small proclinate bristles. Antennae yellow, 
the third joint twice as long as wide ; arista short plumose. Face 
and cheeks light-yellow, the former with a rounded black spot 
above the oral margin in front. Thorax light opaque yellow, the 
mesonotum with light-brown stripes, the median pair extending on 
the sides of the scutellum. Pleurae with two brown stripes, the 
one below the base of the wings, the other across the base of the 
middle coxae. Abdomen yellow or brownish-yellow, with three 
rows of small, dark-brown spots, forming three interrupted stripes ; 
the spots are sometimes obscure, perhaps as the result of desic- 
cation. Legs light-yellow, the four posterior tibias with a proximal 
narrow brown ring. "Wings clouded with dark-brown along the 
costa to the tip, on the cross-veins and on the base and outer part 
of the fourth vein ; penultimate section of the fourth vein not 
one-half the length of the ultimate section. Length 4-5 mm. 

This species has its markings, aside from those of the 
wings, very much as they are in 8. macula. 

Diptera of 8t. Vincent {West Indies). 383 

6. Saj)rom]jza {Lauxania ?), sp. 

(^. Shining black. Front with two bristles on each side below 
the vertical ones ; ocelli with small proclinate bristles. Face rather 
flat, wholly opaque light grey ; a transverse groove above the oral 
margin. Antennas black, third joint oval, fully twice as long as 
wide ; arista moderately long plumose on the upper side, pubescent 
on the under side. Thorax and scutellum wholly shining, without 
stripes or spots. Abdomen shining brownish-black. Legs black 
or brownish-black, the four posterior tibife and tarsi more or less 
yellow. Wings hyaline, the penultimate section of the fourth 
vein about one-half the length of the ultimate section. Length 
5 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. This species is allied to 
S. longijjennis, bnt is distinct in the more shining colour 
and in the distinctly narrower front, which is perceptibly 
longer than wide. Possibly it is identical with Laiiccania 
muscaria, Loew (Centur., i., 87; Schiner, Reise der 
Novara, Dipt., 282), but the face is not shining. As the 
shining black colour is the final difierence between Sapro- 
myza and LaiixcDua, this species would pi-operly come 
under the latter. The difference from S. longipennis is, 
howevei', very slight. 

7. Sapromyza sordida, n. sp. 

? Sapromyza sordida, Wiedmann, Auss. Zw. Ins., ii., 
456. — West Indies. 

(^ , $ . Head and antennae yellow. Front as broad as long 
shining ; ocellfe bristles wanting or rudimentary. Third joint of 
the antennse twice as long as wide ; arista black, long plumose on 
the upper side. Face rather flat, lightly silvery-pollinose. 
Mesonotum shining reddish-yellow, the pleurse a little more 
yellowish. Abdomen yellowish-brown, moderately shining. Legs 
yellow. Wings lightly tinged with yellowish ; penultimate section 
of the fourth vein more than half the length of the ultimate 
section. Scutellum unicolorous, large, with four strong bristles. 
Palpi wholly yellow. Length 5 mm. 

Twenty-four specimens. 

384 Professor Williston on the 

8. Sapromyza vulgaris. 

Chlorops vulgaris, Fitch, Reports, vol. i., 300, pi. i., 

fig. 4. 
Sapriiviyza plumafa, Van der Wulp, Tijdsclu'., v., 

Eutom. (2), 159. — Atlantic States. 

Sapromyza oceUans, Townsend, Can. Entom., 1893, 

303; F. Lynch, A., An. Soc. Cient. Arg., xsxiv., 

283, 1893.— New Mexico. 

(^ , $ . Front reddish-yellow, broad, a minute spot at the 

ocelli ; ocelli with two well-developed ocellar bristles. Antennse 

yellow, the third joint black at the lip, and along the under side, 

more than twice as long as wide ; arista plumose on the upper side. 

Face and cheeks light-yellow. Thorax shining ; me^notum 

reddish-yellow, the pleurce more yellowish. Scutellum large, with 

four bristles on its margin. Abdomen yellow, brownish-yellow or 

brown ; in some specimens reddish-yellow with a narrow, but 

distinct, brown band on the posterior part of each segment. Legs 

smoky hyaline ; penultimate section of the fourth vein not more 

than one-half the length of the ultimate section. Palpi black at 

tip. Length 4-5 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 8. cincta, Loew, 
from Cuba and Porto Rico (Roeder), must be very 
closely allied, probably identical with this species. 

9. Sapromyza venusta, n. sp. 

(^ , $ . Front rather narrow, nearly twice as long as wide, 
opaque brownish-yellow, with three pairs of recurved bristles. 
First two joints of the antennae yellow ; third joint black, oval, 
about twice as long ae wide ; arista black, short pubescent. Face 
and cheeks light-yellow ; palpi for the most part black. Thorax 
shining yellow, with three broad, brown or brownish stripes, the 
middle one obsoletely geminate. Abdomen brown, at the base 
yellow. Legs yellow. Wings smoky hyaline ; penultimate section 
of the fourth vein but little more than one-third of the length of 
the ultimate section. Length 4 mm. 

Six specimens. In some of the specimens, the abdo- 
men has a median series of black spots, with the sides 
of the segments blackish. Like most specimens in this 
genus the abdomen has seemed to suffer in its coloration 
in drying, and fresh specimens are needed to determine 
the markings with clearness. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 385 

10. Sapromyza lineata, n. sp. 

1^. Shining yellow. Front as long as broad. Third joint of 
the antennae a little brownish at the tip, twice as long as broad ; 
arista black, long pubescent. Mesonotum somewhat reddish- 
yellow, with four slender brown stripes. Abdomen in the dried 
specimens light brownish-yellow, immaculate. Legs light-yellow ; 
the distal joints of the front tarsi brown. Wings yellowish 
hyaline; penultimate section of the fourth vein not more than 
one-half the length of the ultimate section. Length 4 mm. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. The colour in some 
of the specimens is light reddish-yellow throughout. 
The terminal joints of all the tarsi are somewhat 
brownish. The palpi are wholly yellow. 

11. Saproniyza sororia, n. sp. 

(J , 9 • Front yellow or brownish-yellow, narrow, less than 
one-third the width of the head, with the usual three pairs of 
bristles and a small proclinate ocellar pair. Face and antenna 
yellow, the third joint of the latter oval, its length only a little 
greater than its width. Palpi black at the tip. Mesonotum 
reddish or browuish-yellow, pleurse more yellow, both shining but 
little. Abdomen yellow or brownish-yellow, with a median row 
of rounded black spots. Wings greyish hyaline ; the penultimate 
section of the fourth vein but little more than one-third the length 
of the ultimate section. Length 4-6 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. In some speci- 
mens the abdomen is brown or black, probably due to 
the effects of drying ; allied to 8. rotiindicornis, Loew. 

12. Sapromyza ingrata, n. sp. 

(J, $ . Front rather narrow, yellow, or brownish-yellow, 
but little shining. Antenna reddish-yellow ; third joint oval, 
not twice as long as wide ; arista black, short-pubescent. Face 
and cheeks yellow, opaque, the former with a minute spot near the 
oral margin in front. Mesonotum reddish -yellow, with short 
black bristly hairs ; the two median rows of bristles do not extend 
in front of the middle. Scutellum yellow, with a round, deep 
black spot on each side between the origin of the bristles. Pleura 
yellow. Abdomen yellow or brown, apparently in life with series 
of median and lateral black spots. Legs yellow. Wings smoky 
hyaline ; veins black ; penultimate section of the fourth vein rather 
less than half of the length of the ultimate section. Length 5 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. I was at first 

386 Professor Williston on the 

inclined to identify this species with S. grata from 
Brazil, but the brief description shows such discrepancies 
that it is hardly possible that the species are identical. 
Possibly it is S. octojmncta. 


Fallen, Agromyzidfe, 1823. 

1. Thorax black 2 

Thorax in large part yellow 3 

2. Tip of antennse black flavipes, n. sp. 

Antennse wholly yellow concinna, n. sp. 

3. Wiags cinereous hyaline 4 

Wings in large part brown 5 

4. Mesonotum wholly yellow in front lumbalis, n. sp. 

Mesonotum black on the sides in front .... valida, n. sp. 

5. Mesonotum and scutellum black j^Zeura/is, n. sp. 

Mesonotum and scutellum in large part yellow xanthops, u. sp. 

1. Heteroneura xantJiops, n. sp. 
^,5- Head, including the proboscis, wholly yellow; front 
and face of equal width, the former widened near the vertex only ; 
arista black, long pubescent or short-plumose. Mesonotum shining 
black on the sides, a broad stripe, about one-third of the whole 
length, beginning at the neck and running to the tip of the 
scutellum, light-yellow, the sides of the scutellum brown or 
brownish. Pleurae, pectus, and coxee pure light-yellow, lighter 
than the yellow of the mesonotum. Abdomen black or dark- 
brown, the basal segments yellowish, the thickened under portion 
of the hypopygium yellow. Legs yellow, the tarsi slightly 
brownish ; middle tibife with a stout spur and a preapical bristle. 
Wings clouded with brown on the distal half, less strongly so on 
the proximal portion ; penultimate section of the fourth vein one- 
fourth or one-fifth the length of the ultimate section, and shorter 
than the last section of the fifth vein. Length 3-3^ mm. 

Five specimens. St. Vincent. A single female 
specimen has the mesonotum black, except an elongate 
yellow triangle reaching nearly to the scutellum, the 
metanotum black, and the abdomen black. Several 
males have the black of the mesonotum beginning 
further back, and the whole hypopygium yellow. It is 
not improbable that there are two distinct species here. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 387 

2. Heteroneiira flavipes, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig. 135, wing.) 
^ , $ . Front gently convex on the sides, the eyes most approxi- 
mated immediately below the antennae, and then immediately 
receding, Front brown, below red, the narrow orbits more 
yellowish. Antennae yellow, the third joint brown or blackish 
at the tip ; arista black, finely pubescent. Face, cheeks, and lower 
portion of the occiput light-yellow. Thorax black, but little 
shining, the pleurae somewhat pitchy-black ; mesonotum covered 
with light-coloured pubescence. Abdomen black, with black hairs. 
Halteres nearly white. Legs pure light-yellow ; middle femora 
with a row of short bristles below ; middle tibiae with a strong 
spur ; all the tibiaa without distinct preapical bristle. Wings brown, 
at the immediate base hyaline, and across the middle subhyaline ; 
penultimate section of the fourth vein but little longer than the 
posterior cross-vein. Length 3 mm. 

Six specimens. St. Vincent. The front is compara- 
tively narrow, distinctly less than one-third of the width 
of the head. 

3. Heteroneura concinna, n. sp. 

^ , $ . Very much like H.flavipes, from which it differs in the 
antennae being wholly light-yellow, in the wings being nearly uni- 
formly blackish, except the immediate base, and especially in the 
presence of distinct preapical bristles on the middle and hind tibias. 
It is also a little smaller. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. 

4. Heteroneura pleural is f n. sp. 

^ . Head, including the antennse and proboscis, wholly light- 
yellow, except a minute spot near the vertex, and the upper part 
of the occiput. Arista black, yellow at the base, very finely 
pubescent. Mesonotum shining brownish-black, the fine pubes- 
cence in an oblique light appeariug yellow ; pleuras light-yellow 
with a spot of the same colour as the dorsum reaching down in 
front of the wings ; metanotum dark-brown. Abdomen opaque 
black, with black hair, the immediate base yellow. Legs light- 
yellow ; hind and middle tibiae with a distinct preapical bristle. 
Wings smoky hyaline ; the distal third, as far as the fourth vein, 
and a spot covering the cross-veins brown ; penultimate section of 
the fourth vein about one-third of the length of the ultimate 
section of the fifth vein, and only a little longer than the posterior 
cross-vein. Length 2i mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

388 Professor Williston on the 

5, Heteroneura valicla, n. sp. (PL XIII., fig. 136, wing.) 

^ , $ , Head, including the antennce, proboscis, and occiput, 
light-yellow. Arista black, pubescent. Thorax Hght-yellow, 
mesonotum on the sides and behind, and the scutellum, brown or 
black, shining ; the yellow extends as a broad stripe to or beyond 
the suture. Abdomen black or dark-brown, its base, the ovi- 
positor, and the hypopygium yellow. Legs yellow ; middle tibi« 
with a stout spur and a preapical bristle. "Wings cinereous 
hyaline ; penultimate section of the fourth vein as long as the last 
section of the fifth vein. Length 2|^ mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

6. Heteroneura lumbalis, n. sp. 
^ , $ . Differs from H, valida in the mesonotum being wholly 
yellow before the middle, the scutellum and posterior part 
wholly black. The arista is distinctly longer pubescent, almost 
short plumose. The wings are a little more darkly tinged. 
Length 2^ mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

Macquart, Hist. Nat. Dipt., ii., 419, 1835. 

1. Trigonometopus rotundicornis, n. sp. (PL XIII., 
fig. 137, head of $ .) 

^ . Head triangular, the face very much receding ; front plane, 
horizontal, with three pairs of bristles reaching two-thirds of the 
distance to the root of the antennae. Eyes longitudinally oval. 
Antennae porrect, the first two joints short, the third rounded, not 
longer than broad. Face on either side with a slender groove, 
running from the root of the antennae to the back part of the 
cheek. Proboscis with large labella ; palpi slender. Thorax 
elongate ; mesonotum flattened, with bristles in the middle nearly 
to the anterior margin ; scutellum flattened, semi-oval, with four 
bristles. Abdomen oval, depressed, composed of six segments. 
Legs rather stout ; front femora with a row of bristles below ; hind 
tibife with a preapical bristle. Auxiliary and basal cells distinct. 
Arista bare. Sides of the cheeks with a row of long bristles. 
Yellow, opaque. Front a little darker coloured, with black hair. 
Antennae reddish-yellow. Face light-yellow. Sides of the frontal 
pi'ojection somewhat brownish Mesonotum ferruginous, darker 

Diijtera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 389 

towards the sides, and forming a sharply-limited brown stripe on 
the dorso pleural suture ; in the middle a more or less feebly 
indicated slender light-coloured line extending on the scutellum. 
Abdomen in large part brown, perhaps of post-mortem origin. 
Legs light yellow. Wings cinereous hyaline, the narrow costal 
margin, extending to the tip of the fourth vein, brown ; on the 
cross-veins slight indications of clouds. Posterior cross-vein less 
than its owu length on the fifth vein from the margin of the wing. 
Length 4^ mm. 

Two specimens. This species will be best dis- 
tinguished from T. vittatus by the brown costal margin 
of the wings. 



Fallen, Hydromyzidse, 1823. 

Mesonotum not vittate ; abdomen coffee-brown and grey, opaque. 
Mesonotum with numerous small brown dots ; grey spots 

of the abdomen irregular hcllala, n. sp. 

Mesonotum not with numerous small brown dots ; grey 

spots of the abdomen regular .... decorata, n. sp. 

1. Notiphila decorata, n. sp. 

$ , ^ ■ Front opaque grey, the triangle and the narrow orbits 
a little lighter coloured. Antennte black, the third joint at the 
base somewhat yellowish. Face, cheeks, and occiput densely light- 
grey, opaque. Palpi brownish. Mesonotum and scutellum densely 
light-grey, opaque ; the bristles of the mesonotum and scutellum 
arise from small black spots, but the hair is shorter than in iV. 
bellala and does not arise from small brown dots. Abdomen 
opaque dark coffee-brown, with a narrow, complete, median stripe, 
and interrupted posterior bands to the second and following seg- 
ments nearly white, opaque ; the spots are separated in all save 
the last segment from the median stripe by a narrow brown space. 
Femora, except the immediate tip, the tibiae in large part, and the 
terminal joints of the tarsi, black ; the legs elsewhere yellow. 
"Wings brownish-hyaline. Length 4 mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. 

390 Professor Williston on the 

2. Notiphila hellula, n. sp. 

^ , $ . Front opaque brownish, the large vertical triangle more 
yellowish-grey, the narrow orbits grey. Autennte red, the upper 
border of the second and third joints brown or blackish. Face, 
cheeks, and occiput, for the greater part, densely grey-pollinose. 
Palpi light-yellow. Mesonotum densely brownish grey-pollinose, 
with numerous small rounded points where the bristles and hairs 
arise ; scutellum like the mesonotum. Pleurae and metanotum 
densely grey-pollinose ; a small brown spot on the upper part of 
the mesopleurse. Abdomen light coffee-brown ; the first segment 
and a narrow median stripe, and irregular spots on the sides of the 
other segments posteriorly opaque grey ; the median stripe is 
narrow and of equal width throughout. Femora black, with the 
tip yellow ; front tibife, except the base and immediate tip, and 
the front tarsi black ; middle and posterior tibiae and tarsi yellow, 
the tibise more or less brownish in the middle, the tarsi blackish at 
the tip. Wings nearly uniformly tinged with brownish-yellowish. 
Length 4 mm. 

Ten specimens. St. Vincent. A closely allied species 
in the writer's collection, from San Domingo, differs in 
the presence of distinct stripes on the mesonotum. In 
some specimens the irregular grey spots of the abdomen, 
nearly subdivide the brown into four series of spots or 

Loew, Monogr., i., 138, 1862. 

Mesonotum with numerous small brown spots ; abdomen con- 
spicuously banded multtpunctata, n. sp. 

Mesonotum not spotted ; bands of the abdomen inconspicuous 

obscura, u. sp. 

1. Paralimna inultipimctata, n. sp. 

? ? Paralimna secunda, Schiner, Peise der Novara, 
Dipt., 241. — South America. 

(J , 5 . Face and cheeks densely greyish wbite-pollinose, with 
a slight shade of yellowish. Clypeus very prominent, of the same 
colour as the face; palpi slender, brown. Antennss black, the 
third joint in an oblique light with a whitish reflection, the pile on 
its upper side long. Front opaque brown ; anteriorly with minute 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 391 

blackish dots and of a more greyish colour ; on the upper side, 
near the eyes, with an elongated, more blackish triangle. Meso- 
notum and scutellum greyish-yellowish, with numerous, in part 
coalescent, small, dark-brown dots, giving the mesonotum a brown 
appearance ; in the middle may be distinguished two entire, narrow, 
brown stripes. Pleurte and metanotum densely light-grey, without 
the dots of the mesonotum. Abdomen opaque, light yellowish-grey ; 
second segment with a small, semi-oval, coffee-brown spot on each 
side anteriorly, and in the middle a slender incomplete stripe ; third 
and fourth segments each with a continuous narrow stripe and on 
each side a large semi-oval anterior spot united with it, of the same 
coffee-brown colour ; the gi'ey thus forms interrupted cross-bands, 
broader on the outer ends ; fifth segment with the spots on the side 
small, and the median stripe narrow ; in the female marked like 
the fourth ; fifth segment of the male a little shorter than the pre- 
ceding. Legs black, greyish-pollinose ; front metatarsi at the base 
and the basal portion of the four posterior tarsi yellow. Wings 
lightly tinged ; second section of the costal vein more than twice 
as long as the third. Length 3-4 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. This species must 
be closely allied to P. append iculata, Loew, but difiers 
in lacking the stump of a vein on the fourth vein of the 

2. Paralimna ohsciira, n. sp. 

S , 9 • Front opaque dark-browu. Antennae black, the third 
joint somewhat yellowish at the base. Face, cheeks and the lower 
part of the occiput opaque brownish-grey; proboscis and palpi 
black or dark-brown. Thorax throughout nearly uniform deep 
brown, moderately shining. Abdomen rather broad, brownish- 
black, moderately shining ; the second, third, and fourth segments 
with a complete posterior greyish band ; fifth segment in the male 
a little longer than the preceding segment ; fifth and sixth seg- 
ments in the female successively shorter, with an obscure band as 
in the preceding segments. Legs deep black throughout. Wings 
nearly hyaline ; second section of the costal vein nearly three 
times the length of the third section ; ultimate and penultimate 
sections of the fourth vein of nearly equal length. Length 
4 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

392 Professor Williston on the 


Meigen, System. Beschr., vi., 76, 1830. 

1. Discomyza duhia, n. sp. (PI. XIIL, figs. 138, wing; 
138a, head of 6.) 

$ . Black, shining. Front, broad above, narrowed below; smooth, 
the elongated vertical triangle metallic-green and finely punctulate ; 
the anterior part of the front flattened. Antennae black, the third 
joint rounded, and with rather long whitish pile on its upper side ; 
arista with seven rays ; spine of the second joint moderately strong. 
Face much narrowed a little above its middle, gently convex from 
side to side and vertically, the lower part much receding, and the 
oral opening small ; in the middle finely punctulate ; on the sides 
with coarse wrinkles for its whole length ; moderately shining, not 
dusted, its bristles short and small. Clypeus large, much receding, 
cheeks narrow. Abdomen flattened, ovate ; fourth segment much 
longer than the preceding. Halteres nearly white. Legs black, 
the posterior tibise and all the tarsi, save the distal two joints, yellow. 
Wings tinged with brownish ; third section of the costal vein 
short, not more than one-third of the length of the second section ; 
penultimate section of the fourth vein not one-half the length of 
the ultimate section. Length 2 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. This species, in 
its small oral opening and large clypeus, is rather 


Fallen, Hydromyzidoe, 1820. 

1. Face shining black or metallic-green 4 

Face pollinose 2 

2. A minute blackish spot at the tip of the third vein, 

nigropimcta^ n. sp. 
No spot at the tip of the third vein 3 

3. AntennEe red desmata, n. sp. 

Antennte black 7iigra, n. sp. 

4. Fi'ont tarsi deep black ; face shining black . . nigrimcma, n. sp. 
Front tarsi yellow ; face shining green . . . aciculata, Loew. 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 393 

1. Psilopa nigra, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig. 139, head of ? .) 

$ . Front and face deep black, the former broader than long, a 
little shining ; the latter lightly-dusted, gently and evenly convex 
in the middle above, the convexity not reaching to the margin of 
the eye, thus forming a concavity for each antenna ; face on the 
sides below with two stout bristles, the upper one arising very 
close to the eye. Antennaj black, the third joint oblong ; bristle of 
the second joint stout and long ; arista with ten or twelve rays. 
Clypeus moderately projecting ; proboscis and palpi black. Thorax 
and abdomen black, moderately shining, in an oblique light lightly 
yellowish greyish-dusted ; second, third, and fourth segments of 
the abdomen of nearly equal length, the fifth a third longer 
than the preceding ; in the female the fifth segment of the same 
length as the preceding ; the sixth less than half the length of the 
fifth. Legs black; all the tarsi yellow, with the distal joints blackish. 
Wings greyish or brownish hyaline ; second section of the costal 
vein about one-third longer than the third section ; ultimate 
section of the fourth vein only a little longer than the penultimate 
section. Length 3 mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. 

2. Psilopa nigropunda. 

^ . Front black, moderately shining, much broader than long. 
Antenna3 black ; third joint oblong ; bristle of the second joint of 
moderate size ; arista with five rays above. Face densely light 
grey-pollinose ; the structui'e of the upper part as in P. nigra^ but 
the face narrower ; on the lower part with two stout bristles on 
each side, the upper one more remote from the eye than in P. nigra. 
Thorax and abdomen deep shining black, the scutellum opaque. 
Abdomen broad, the fifth segment a little shorter than the fourth. 
Legs deep black ; all the tarsi yellow, with the terminal joints 
blackish. Wings greyish ; third section of the costal vein a little 
more than half the length of the second section; penultimate 
section of the fourth vein about one-half the length of the ulti- 
mate section ; a minute black spot at the tip of the third vein. 
Length 2 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

3. Psilopa nigrimana, n. sp. 

^ . Shining black. Front, with a light depression on each side 
above the root of the antennse. First two joints of the antennae 
black, the third brown, on the inner underside reddish ; spine of 

594 Professor Williston on the 

the second joint stout ; third joint oblong ; ai-ista with seven or 
eight rays. Face convex above, gently convex from very near the 
margin of the eye, the orbital margin being exceedingly narrow ; 
on the lower part the face has very fine grooves. Mesonotum and 
scutellum thinly yellowish-dusted in an oblique light. Abdomen 
deep shining metallic-green ; fourth segment longer than the third, 
the fifth about half the length of the third. Legs black ; the front 
cox£e, the base of the front femora, the tip of the four posterior 
femora, the four posterior tibire wholly, and the four posterior 
tarsi, except the distal joint, yellow ; front tarsi stout and deep 
black, like their tibiae. Wings greyish hyaline ; third section of 
the costa as long as the second. Length 2 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

4. Psilopa aciciilata. 

Psilopa aciculata, Loew, Monogr., i., 142. — Cuba. 
(PI. XIII., fig. 140, wing.) 

^ , $ . Head shining metallic-green. Vertical border very 
sharp. The bristles of the front are confined to the vertex, two 
on the ocellar tubercle and two on each side. The vertical triangle 
is bounded by a well-marked groove, its anterior angle truncated 
below, just above the base of the antennae, and continuous to the 
eyes on the side of the face below. The face is narrower than the 
front, the eyes approaching each most at a little distance above 
the oral margin ; the face is smooth, gently convex transversely, 
and with parallel sides from the grooves, which are continuous 
from the front; nearly opposite the narrowest portion there is a 
single black bristle on each side. Antennae yellow ; the second 
joint above and the third in front, reddish ; arista black, with 
about six rays. Mesonotum and scutellum bronze-black, but little 
shining, finely aciculate ; pleurae more shining green-black. Abdo- 
men brilliant metallic-green, with coppery reflections ; first seg- 
ment very short, the second, third, and fourth successivsly longer, 
the fifth again short. Legs black, the knees, tip of tibite and all 
the tarsi yellow. Wings with a distinct yellowish tinge, the basal 
portion obliquely across to about the middle of the anal cell, 
blackish ; second and third sections of the costal vein of nearly 
equal length. Length 2 mm. 

Five specimens. St. Vincent. This species is rather 
aberrant from other members of this srenus in its colour 
and structure of the head. 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies), 395 

5. Psilojja desmata, n. sp. 

^ . Face not broad, a little wider below ; gently convex in the 
middle above, with a depression below each antennje ; opaque 
yellowish-grey ; on either side below with four or five strong 
bristles, convergent above. Front broader than the face, opaque 
black, thinly brownish-dusted below. Antennte yellowish-red, the 
second joint somewhat blackish in front, and with a moderately 
strong bristle at its tip ; arista with five rays. Cheeks narrow, 
with a row of strong bristles continuous with those of the sides of 
the face. Proboscis yellow. Mesonotum deep brown, moderately 
shining. Pleurae whitish-poUinose. Abdomen black, moderately 
shining ; first segment short, the others successively increasing in 
length. Femora black, the immediate tip yellow ; tibiae and tarsi 
light yellow, the hind tibi^ with a blackish ring in the middle. 
Halteres yellow. Wings nearly hyaline ; second section of the 
costal vein of nearly the same length as the third, or slightly 
longer. Length 2 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. " Near the sea by open 
stream." It is possible that this species were better 
located under Discocerina. The third joint of the 
antennae is rounded, but the face can not be said to be 
carinate, though the convexity of the upper part is con- 
fined to the middle part. 


Macquarfc, Hist. Nat. Dipt., Suites a BufFon, ii., 527, 
1835; Clasiopa, Stenhammer, Monogr. der 
Bphydr., 251, 1844. 

1. Face silvery-grey with a median black stripe . . nana, n. sp. 
Face uniform in colour 2 

2. Face vaulted, oral opening very large .... facialis, n. sp. 
Oral opening of moderate size 

3. Last abdominal segment largely or wholly silvery-grey 

leucojn-octa, Loew. 
Last abdominal segment not unlike the preceding obscura, n. sp. 

1. Discocerina leucoprocta. 

? Discocerina leucoprocta, Loew, Berl. Ent. Zeit., 1861, 

255; Monogr., North Araer. Dipt., i., 148. — 


^, $. Front opaque yellowish-brown, narrowly whitish on 

the lower orbital margins. Antennae reddish-yellow, the third 

joint orbicular, and blackish on the upper distal part. Face 

396 Professor Williston on the 

narrowest a little distance below the eyes ; opaque greyish-yellow, 
the orbits silvery-grey, becoming broader below ; distinctly keeled 
on the upper portion, arched below ; on either side, near the silvery 
orbit with two or three stout bristles ; cheeks and inferior occi- 
pital orbits silvery-grey. Thorax in ground-colour black, opaque 
greyish-pollinose, the mesonotum somewhat yellowish or brownish. 
Abdomen opaque black, the anterior segments lightly greyish- 
pollinose in well-preserved specimens ; the fifth segment silvery, 
grey, except the tip ; sometimes the grey is confined to the sides 
and may also appear on the sides of the preceding segment, 
especially in the female ; in the male the abdomen is elongate 
conical ; in the female more oval. Femora for the most part 
black ; tibise yellow with the middle portion more or less brown ; 
tarsi yellow, the distal joints brownish or brown. Wings cinereous 
hyaline ; second section of the costa less than twice the length of 
the third. Length Ih mm. 

Twenty specimens. St. Vincent. The identity of this 
species with that which Loew described is somewhat 
doubtful. The tibias in most of the specimens are 
yellow, with the hind pair blackish in the middle. In 
none of the specimens is the last abdominal segment 
wholly silvery-white. 

2. Discocerina nana, n. sp. 

^. Face considerably narrower than the front, much receding 
on the lower half, moderately carinate above ; densely silvery- 
white-poUinose on the sides, leaving a deep black, shining, median 
stripe ; the two bristles of the sides not strong. Antennce yellow, 
the third joint rounded, blackish on its margin ; arista with five 
rays. Front opaque greyish-black, with an elongate median 
triangle below the ocelli, and the lateral margins on the lower 
half opaque black. Thorax deep shining steel-blue or green. 
Abdomen shining black, with slightly coppery reflections. Legs 
black, the knees, tips of the tibias, and all the tarsi light-yellow. 
Wings greyish-hyaline ; second section of the costa a half longer 
than the third. Length 2 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. The cheeks are 

3. Discocerina facialis, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig. 141, 

head of 6 .) 

(^ , $ . Front dark-brown, opaque, the sides gently convex, 

except near the vertex. Antennse reddish-yellow, the third joint 

orbicular, brownish on the upper margin. Face broadly arched, 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 397 

moderately cariuate on the upper part, with the cheeks and 
occiput silvery-grey ; two moderately strong bristles on each side ; 
oral cavity very large. Mesonotum opaque dark-brown : pleurae 
opaque grey. Abdomen, like the rest of the body, black in 
ground-colour, greyish-pollinose ; second, third and fourth seg- 
ments of nearly equal length. Legs black ; the knees, base and 
tip of the front and hind tibias, the middle tibiee wholly, and all 
the tarsi, save the terminal joint, yellow. Wings cinereous 
hyaline; third section of the costa two-thirds the length of the 
second section. Length l|-2 mm. 

Five specimens. St. Vincent. This species is pecu- 
liar in the very large oral opening, resembling the forms 
placed in the vicinity of Ephydrci, from which, however, 
it is distinctly separated by the presence of a spinous 
bristle at the tip of the second antennal joint. 

4. Discocerina ohscura, n. sp. 

(J , $ . Antennae reddish-yellow ; third joint only a little longer 
than wide, its upper margin, as also that of the second joint, some- 
times narrowly blackish ; arista with five pectinations. Face black, 
covered with fine white pubescence or dust, which does not wholly 
obscure the ground-colour save in an oblique light. Front black, 
but mostly concealed beneath fine yellow or brownish-yellow 
pubescence. Thorax black, shining through the thin brownish 
dust ; pleurje thinly greyish-dusted. Abdomen black, moderately 
shining ; oval, the fifth segment of the male much longer than the 
preceding one. Legs black, the tip of the tibise, the knees and the 
tarsi light-yellow, the distal joints of the last brownish. Wings 
greyish- hyaline ; second section of the costal vein a half longer than 
the third. Length '2-2^ mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 


Loew, Neue Beitr., vii., 12, 1860. 

1. Arthyroglossa nitida, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig. 142, 
head of $ .) 

S T 9 ■ Front wholly shining black, flattened or depressed on 
the anterior portion. AntenniB black, the third joint somewhat 
reddish and pubescent ; arista with six rays. Face deep shining 
black, gently convex transversely ; clypeus large, prominent, oval, 
convex, shining black like the face. Face on the sides near the 
TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PAKT III. (SEPT.) 27 

398 Professor Williston on, the 

lower margin of the eye with wrinkles or rugosities. Thorax deep 
shining black, smooth ; scutellum concolorous. Abdomen black, 
less shining than the thorax, finely scrobiculate under high magnifi- 
cation ; first and fifth segments very short, scarcely visible, the 
second and third of nearly equal length, the fourth longer than the 
third ; the abdomen is elongate, oval in shape, and is much 
flattened. Legs black ; the tip of the four posterior tibiae, the 
first two joints of the front tarsi, and the first three joints of the 
other tarsi light-yellow, "Wings tinged with brown ; third section 
of the costal vein less than half the length of the second section. 
Length 2| mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. The species seems to 
be a typical Arthyroglossa. 


Haliday, Annals Nat. Hist., iii., 224, 1839. 

1. Hecamede abdominalis, n. sp. 

cJ. Front opaque brown, the frontal lunule whitish. Antennoe 
black, the first two joints whitish above ; third joint orbicular. 
Face brown on the upper part, the lower portion, the cheeks and 
the posterior orbits silvery-grey ; the orbital space, bounded by 
the curved line, exceedingly narrow above, becoming broad below 
the eyes ; near this line on either side below there are two mode- 
rately strong bristles ; face in the middle strongly carinate, or sub- 
tuberculate ; clypeus projecting, of the colour of the lower part of 
the face. Mesouotum, scutellum, and upper part of the pleurte 
opaque dark- brown ; a narrow stripe just above the dorso-pleural 
suture, to the root of the wings, silvery-grey ; lower part of the 
pleura and the metanotum grey, all opaque. Abdomen broadly 
oval, the first and fifth segments concealed, the fourth long ; 
opaque silvery grey, the second segment more or less brownish- 
grey. Legs black ; all the tarsi, except the terminal joint, yellow. 
Wings whitish ; third section of the costa about half the length of 
the second section. Length Hmm. 

Five specimens. St. Vincent. Because of the narrow- 
ness of the first and fifth segments, the abdomen appears 
to be composed of but three segments, the chief charac- 
teristic of Trimerina. However, the same character 
appears in some of the species placed under Hecamede, 
and while the colorational differences from the known 
species of Trimerina are marked, they very closely 

iJiptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 399 

resemble those of H. lateralis, Loew, from Europe. I 
doubt not that the species belongs wherever H. lateralis 
does ; in fact, I am not quite sure that the species may 
not be identical, for the deeper colour of the present 
species seems to be the chief difference between them. 
The cheeks cannot be called broad, nor the median carina 
*' warzenformig/^ 

Eob. Desvoidy, Myodaires, 790, 1S30. 

1. Hydrellia parva, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig. 143, wing.) 

(J. Front broad, distinctly broader than long, somewhat 
flattened above the antennae ; opaque brownish-black. Antennae 
short, the first two joints blackish, the third blackish above, some- 
what reddish below. Arista with six long pectinations on the 
upper side, and two or three short ones distally below. Eyes very 
closely pubescent. Face opaque, a little more greyish than the 
front; in the middle below with a moderate convexity ; on the 
sides below with two or three bristles. Clypeus narrow. Cheeks 
narrow ; below the eyes with a long, stout bristle, and a smaller 
one further back. Thorax short, rounded ; black, but thickly 
covered like the front with brownish-greyish dust ; on the pleurae 
more greyish. Halteres light-yellow. Abdomen black, but little 
shining, thinly greyish-dusted. Legs black ; all the tarsi, except 
the terminal joint or joints, yellow. Wings greyish hyaline, with 
stout black veins ; neuration as in the figure. Length 1 mm., or less. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. This species belongs 
doubtfully in this genus. The pubescence of the eyes is 
exceedingly short and erect, visible only under the 
highest magnification. 

2. Hydrellia pulchra, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig. 144, wing.) 

(? . Front opaque black, the narrow orbits and the margins of 
the large vertical triangle grey. Antennae yellow ; third joint 
large, longer than wide, convex on its lower border, nearly straight 
above, its upper half black; arista with seven or eight pectinations. 
Face opaque yellowish-grey ; much narrowed a little above its 
middle, with a slender groove running downward from each an- 
tenna on the cheek ; between the grooves the narrow space is con- 
vex ; below on the sides with two or three fine bristles. Eyes 

400 Professor Williston on the 

rather long silvery pubescent. Mesonotum opaque dark-brown or 
black, with six series of yellowish-grey, more or less irregular 
yellowish-grey spots, forming stripes ; scntellum opaque black ; 
pleurae grey-pollinose. Abdomen shining black ; a narrow, yellow 
pubescent, interrupted, posterior band on the second and third, 
perhaps also on the fourth and fifth segments. Legs yellow ; the 
femora except the immediate tip and the last joint of all the tarsi 
black ; hind tibia? with a brown ring before its middle. Wings 
yellowish hyaline ; an arcuate black band beginning at the tip of 
the first vein, which is thickened and deep black, and extending to 
the posterior edge of the wing ; third section of the costal vein a 
little longer than the second. Length 1 h mm. 
One specimen. St. Vincent. 


Eob. Desvoidy, Myod., 1830; Philygria, Stenhamraer, 
Monogr. der Epliydr., 238, 1844. 

1. Hydrina nitida, n. sp. (PL XIII., figs. 145, wing; 
145o, bead of ^ .) 

$ . Front composed almost wholly of the shining black verti- 
cal triangle, leaving only a narrow margin opaque black and 
silvery. Antennae black ; third joint light-yellow on the lower 
half, much longer than broad ; arista short pectinate. Face very 
narrow, gently convex from side to side, without grooves, receding 
below, in colour silver-white ; bristles of the sides below weak ; 
inferiorly the sides and the cheeks are shining black. Clypeus 
concealed. Eyes very sparsely pubescent. Thorax deep black ; 
mesonotum much shining ; scntellum opaque ; the pleural whitish 
dusted. Abdomen shining black ; fourth segment about as long 
as the two preceding together. Legs wholly light-yellow as are 
also the cox«. "Wings yellowish or brownish hyaline ; third 
section of the costal vein longer than the second ; penultimate 
section of the fourth vein very short, the posterior cross-vein 
remote from the border of the wing. Length 1 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. Notwithstanding the 
pectination of the arista I locate this species under 
Hydrina, by reason of the comparative bareness of the 
eyes, the structure of the face, and the position of the 
posterior cross-vein. According to the canons of zoologi- 
cal nomenclature the genus Hydra and its family ter- 
mination Hydrinse do not conflict with the name Hydrina, 
and it should have priority over Philygria. 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 401 

2. Hydrina nitifrons, n. sp. 
i . Front broad and short, wholly shining black. Antennae 
yellow ; all the joints blackish on the upper margin ; third joint 
more than twice as long as broad, hairy on the upper border ; 
arista pubescent. Face black, lightly silvery dusted ; convex from 
side to side and gently receding below ; bristles of the sides small 
and short. Cheeks very narrow. Ej-es very sparsely pubescent. 
Thorax deep black ; mesonotum and scutellum shining, the pleurae 
whitish dusted ; the mesonotum has two strong bristles near the 
middle, and the scutellum two equally strong ones on its margin. 
Abdomen shining black. Legs light yellow, the last two joints of 
the tarsi black ; coxse black. Wings nearly hyaline ; third section 
of the costa two-thirds the length of the second section ; pen- 
ultimate section of the fourth vein short. Length 1 mm. 

One specimen, St. Vincent. In the structure and 
markings of the head, except the arista, this species 
agrees closely with ff. nitida ; the face is somewhat 
broader. The second section of the costal vein and the 
penultimate section of the fourth vein are longer. 


Small, black species. Eyes bare. Front broad, slightly narrower 
in front. Face narrowest a little distance below the antenna, 
lightly concave above, and with a shallow depression under each 
antenna. Face on each side below slightly wrinkled. Cheeks 
broad, the oral cavity rather small. Clypeus projecting. Face and 
cheeks wholly without bristles save two or three small ones on the 
sides of the former. Second joint of the antennte with a small, 
short bristle at its tip ; third joint oval, with a pectinate arista. 
Bristles of the vertex and the thorax very short and thin. Abdomen 
much flattened, elongate oval ; first and fifth segments short, the 
others successively increasing in length. Front femora incrassate, 
and with a row of short spines on the under distal third ; claws 
and pulvilli normal ; all the tarsi slender. The costa reaches to the 
fourth vein ; third and fourth veins parallel. Middle tibiis without 
bristles on the outer side. 

1. Ochthewidea atra, n. sp. (PI. XIII., figs. 146, wing ; 
146a, front leg of $ .) 

$ . Front and face shining, submetallic black. Antennge black, 
the third joint whitish pubescent, the arista with five or six rays. 
Thorax and abdomen deep opaque, the pleurae moderately shining. 

402 Professor Williston on the 

Wings smoky hyaline, distinctly clouded at the tip. Legs black ; 
the first two joints of the front tarsi and the four posterior tibiae 
and tarsi, except the terminal joints of the latter, light-yellow. 
Length 3 mm. 

Twelve specimens. St. Vincent. 


Latreille, Hist. Nat. Crust, et Ins. xiv., 1 804. 
1. Ochthera cuprilineata, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig, 148, wing.) 

. ^, ?. Front with a large shining black spot, leaving the 
lateral and front margins opaque brown. Antennae black. Face 
opaque, light-yellow, with a median, shining black spot. Palpi 
light yellow. Cheeks and posterior orbits opaque light-yellow. 
Mesonotum and scutellum sub-shining, lightly bronze or brassy, 
the former with three dark purple and coppery stripes. Pleurae 
lighter, on the lower part shining black. Abdomen metallic-bronze 
colour ; in some specimens the second and third segments with a 
narrow shining black posterior band, apparently due to the detri- 
tion of the metallic covering. Legs black ; the femora with more 
or less of the metallic covering, like that of the mesonotum. 
Front coxa3 white dusted, with a shining black spot on the outer 
side ; front tibiae in part, and all the tarsi, save the distal joints 
and the swollen hind metataisi, red. Wings lightly clouded ; 
somewhat yellowish on the costa in front. Length 5 mm. 
Eight specimens. St. Vincent. 


Fallen, Hydromyzidse, 1820. 

1. Ephydra 'pygm^.a, n. sp. (PI. XIII., figs. 147, wing; 

147a, head.) 

(^ , 5 • Front opaque velvety black, the large ocellar triangle 
shining. Antenuse black, the third joint rounded ; arista bare or 
very short pubescent. The vaulted portion of the face shining 
metallic-green, very lightly yellowish dusted ; border of the mouth 
■with a number of hairs on each side; otherwise the face is bare, 
except some weak bristles on the sides inferiorly. Wings clouded 
with blackish grey. Legs black, not at all shining, the tarsi and 
portions of the tibia3 more brownish. Halteres yellow. Hypopy- 
gium very small ; fifth segment longer than the fourth. Length 

Fifteen specimens. Perseverance Viilley, St. Vincent. 

iJiiDtera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 403 


Eob. Desvoidy, Myod., 801, 1830. 

1. Scatella ohscura, n. sp. 

$ , ^. Black. Face with brownish dust, opaque, the bristles in 
front and on the margin moderately long. Bristle of antennas with 
long pubescence. Front, thorax, and abdomen (in unrubbed speci- 
mens) only a little shining, with brownish dust. Legs black. Wings 
smoky, with five small, uniform, rounded, hyaline drops, the first 
in the submarginal cell, two in the first posterior cell, and one on 
each side of the posterior cross-vein. The costal vein attains the 
tip of the fourth vein. Second, third, fourth, and fifth ( $ ) seg- 
ments of the abdomen of nearly equal length. Length 2 mm. 

Eight specimens. St. Vincent. 

Haliday, Annals Nat. Hist., iii., 408^ 1839. 

1. t Ilythea fiavi'pes , n. sp, 

$ . Front short and broad, opaque brown, the black ground- 
colour somewhat shining through the dust. Face opaque grey ; 
very broad and arched below ; on the upper part gently carinate 
in the middle, the carina ending in an angle whence the face 
recedes markedly to the oral margin ; orbital ridges very narrow ; 
across the narrowest part of the face brownish ; on the sides near 
the most prominent part of the face with a row of rather weak 
bristles ; a single small bristle near the lower border of the eyes ; 
otherwise the face is entirely bare. Thorax deep black, shining, 
with some metallic reflections; when seen obliquely, with a fine 
yellowish pubescence, which is more apparent on the pleura ; 
metauotum greyish dusted. Abdomen deep shining black, some- 
what metallescent ; broadly oval in shape, the second, third, and 
fourth segments of nearly equal length, the fifth longer. Legsyellow, 
the tip of the tarsi brownish. Wings nearly hyaline, with narrow 
brown spots forming incomplete bands ; the first begins at the end 
of the first vein, and reaches to the fourth, and is curved ; the 
next spot is in the middle of the submarginal cell ; another be- 
tween this and the tip of the cell, two others in the first posterior 
cell, and the posterior cross-vein is clouded ; second and third 
section of the costal vein of nearly equal length. Antennte black, 
the third joint on the under-half reddish-yellow ; arista with 
eight rays. Length 2 mm. 

404 Professor Williston on the 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. Sea-level. This species 
does not fully agi-ee with the characters o£ Ilythea in the 
structure of the face, but the differences are not sufficient 
to establish a new genus, which would otherwise be 



Meigen, Syst. Beschr., vi., 79, 1830. 

Front uniformly reddish or yellowish ; legs yellow . tarsalis, n. sp. 

Front with a broad, black hour-glass- shaped stripe ; legs for the 

most part blackish /lortc, n. sp. 

1. Stegana tarsalis, n. sp. (PI. XIII., figs. 149, front leg 
of 6 ', 149a, middle tarsus of 6 ; 1496, palpus ; 
149c, wing.) 

$ . Front at the anterior end about one-fourth of the width of 
the head, at the vertex about one-third ; reddish-yellow, shining. 
AntenuiB yellow, the third joint on the distal half or two-thirds 
black ; about three times as long as wide, gradually tapering ; 
arista loug-plumose. Face, cheeks and occiput, except at the upper 
part, light-yellow ; palpi yellow, the tip brownish. Mesonotum 
and scutellum brownish-red, shining ; scutellum flattened, with a 
sharp border; pleurae Avith a horizontal, deep brown or black striiDe, 
above which the colour is more like that of the mesonotum, below 
which the colour is light-yellow. Abdomen elongate ovate, 
brownish- black in colour. Legs light-yellow, all the femora 
brownish near the extremity ; second, third, and fourth joints of 
the front tarsi much dilated transversely and deep black in colour ; 
middle and hind tarsi short and strong, compressed ; hind tibiae 
dilated ; front femora with some bristles at the outer part. Wings 
deep brown anteriorly, becoming less strong posteriorly ; second 
vein nearly parallel with costa for a large part of its length ; third 
strongly convex anteriorly; first posterior cell very narrowly open; 
ultimate section of the fourth vein not twice the length of the 
penultimate section. Length 3 mm. 

? . Third joint of the antennae a little larger ; front tarsi not 
dilated and wholly yellow. 

So far as I am able to learn from the literature at my 
command, but two species of this genus have been 
hitherto made known, S. curvipennis, Fallen, and S. coleo- 

Diptera of 8t. Vincent (West Indies). 405 

ptrata, Scop., both European, and both said to occur in 
North America, by Loew. In the descriptions of 8. 
coleoptrata, to which species the above seems closely 
allied, no mention is made of the peculiar male tarsi. 

2. Stegana horx, n. sp. (PI. XIII., fig. 150, antenna 

of ?.J 

$ . Front narrower above than in S. tarsalis ; yellow, with 
a broad, black, hour-glass-shaped stripe reaching nearly to the root 
of the antennas. Antennas yellow ; third joint except the upper 
basal portion, black, rather longer than in S. tarsalis. Face yellow; 
cheeks black below the eyes. Proboscis yellow ; palpi black. 
Occiput on the lower portion, yellow. Mesonotum and scutellum 
deep brown, almost black ; a large spot on the humeri light-yellow. 
Pleurfe light-yellow with a horizontal black stripe, connected with 
the black of the mesonotum near the root of the wings ; below 
this stripe there is a narrow yellow one above the black or dark- 
brown coxfe. Abdomen black. Legs deep brown, the knees, the 
tip of all the tarsi, the basal portion of the four posterior tibiae, and 
all the tarsi light-yellow ; tarsi less compressed than in S. tarsalis ; 
middle tibi« with a row of bristles on the outer side ; front 
femora with a few long bristles near the outer end. Wings as in 
S, tarsalis. Length 3 mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. 

Fallen, Dipt. Suec, Geomyzid., 4, 1823. 

The present collection includes, as is seen, a very large 
number of species belonging to this genus. I have 
scrutinized them with the utmost care, and have given, I 
trust, descriptions which will enable them to be recog- 
nized again. I have been able to recognize but a single 
species previously described, though it is possible that 
there may be others which have been already named. 
The difficulty in the determination of the obscurer 
coloured species from remote localities, is, however, so 
great that only a direct comparison of specimens from dif- 
ferent habitats will settle the question of their identity. 
Two species are included in the list (Nos. 17 and 18) 
which may not properly belong to the genus, but which 
would in all probability be sought for here. 

406 Professor Williston 07i the 

Table of Species. 

1. Wings distinctly spotted 2 

Wings not spotted 5 

2. Front vittate 3 

Front not vittate 4 

3. Wings with a blackish spot at the tip . . 2 vittatifrons, n. sp. 
Wings with the cross-veins clouded .... 4 annulata, n. sp. 

4. Wings variegated 1 ornatipennis, n. sp. 

Wings with clouds on the cross- veins ... 3 sororia, n. sp. 

5. Mesonotum vittate 6 

Mesonotum not vittate 9 

6. Mesonotum deep brown with two narrow brownish stripes, 

as though continuous with the narrow frontal orbits; 

pleurae light-yellow 5 bllmeuta, n. sp. 

Not such marked species 7 

7. Tip of the lirst section of the costal vein black, 8fasciola, n. sp. 
Tip of the costal vein not black 8 

8. Larger species ; thorax deep brown ... 6 coffeato, n. sp. 
Smaller species, thorax yellowish 7 hellula, n. sp. 

9. Mesonotum deep black ; legs light- yellow 10 

Mesonotum not deep black 13 

10. Head and thorax deep shining-black 17 n. sp. 

Pleur£B in part at least light-yellow 11 

11. Head, mesonotum, scutellum and the upper part of the 

pleurse opaque velvety black 9 opaca, n. sp. 

Mesonotum and scutellum shining 12 

12. Abdomen black 11 pleuralis, n. sp. 

Abdomen with yellow and black markings . 10 thoracis, n. sp. 

13. Mesonotum brilliant blue or piM-ple ... 12 splendkla, n. sp. 
Mesonotum not shining blue 14 

14 Mesonotum grey, with numerous small, rounded, dark 

brown spots 13 piinctulata, Loew 

Mesonotum not spotted 15 

15. Front legs black, with the four distal joints of the front 

tarsi light-yellow H procnemis, n. s,^. 

Front legs not black, with the distal joints of the tarsi 

yellow 16 

16. Front and face narrow ; the costal vein terminates at the 

tip of the third longitudinal vein. . \b frontal is, n. sp. 
Front and face of the usual width ; the costal vein reaches 

the tip of the fourth longitudinal vein 17 

17. Mesonotum in ground-colour black, opaque brownish- 

greyish pollinose 18 pollinosa, n. sp. 

Mesonotum shining, reddish or yellowish 18 

D'qitera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 407 

18. Third section of the costal vein nearly as long as the 

second ; front metallic-blue at the vertex 

16 rert/cis, n. sp. 
Third section of the costal vein not more than one-half of 
the length of the second section ; front not at all 
blue 19 

19. Wings distinctly clouded along the anterior part 

19 limhata, n. sp. 
Wings uniformly yellowish or brownish hyaline .... 20 

20. Third section of the costal vein short, not longer than the 

penultimate section of the fourth vein, the second 

and third veins nearly parallel 21 

Third section of the costal vein distinctly longer than the 
penultimate section of the fourth vein, the second 
and third veins not at all parallel 22 

21. Small, more yellowish species 21 similis, n. sp. 

Larger, more brownish species 22 illota, n. sp. 

22. Light-yellow species, the abdomen with brownish bands 

20 palUda^ n. sp. 
Reddish-brown, the abdomen black .... 23 nana, n. sp. 

1. Drosophila ornatipennis, n. sp. (PL XIII., fig. 151, 


$, ?. Front broad, light-yellow above, somewhat orange- 
yellow below. Remainder of head yellow. Third joint of the 
antennae oval ; face carinate. Mesonotum opaque-yellow, with six 
narrow dark-brown stripes, the middle pair coalescent, and the 
outermost ones connected at the suture with the adjacent ones. 
Abdomen opaque, deep brown, with interrupted grey cross-bands. 
Legs yellow ; femora sometimes infuscated. Wings variegated ; a 
blackish spot at the proximal end of the submargiual and the first 
basal cells, including also the outer part of the costal cell ; one on 
the anterior cross- vein ; a narrow one on the posterior cross-vein 
and outer part of the fifth vein ; a larger one about the middle of 
the second section of tlie costal vein, reaching to the third vein, 
and continues less deeply coloured in the anterior portion of the 
first basal cell with that on the posterior cross-vein, and more 
or less completely with ones on the outer ends of the second, third 
and fourth veins, the colour surrounding these spots is more purely 
hyaline, in the posterior cells and anal angle, subhyaline. Length 
2 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

408 Professor Williston on the 

2. Broso'phila vittatifrons , n. sp. (PI. XIIT., fig. 152, 

^ , ? . Front about one-third of the width of tlie head, a little 
broader above ; yellow, the slender shining median triangle reach- 
ing two-thirds of the distance to the root of the antennae, on 
either side of which there is a deep brown or black stripe, the two 
convergent anteriorly. Antennae yellow, third joint somewhat 
brownish, and elongate oval in shape. Face pallid-yellow, in the 
middle with a very prominent carina ; cheeks with a brownish spot 
below the eyes. Palpi blackish at the tip; proboscis and the 
lower portion of the occiput, yellow. Mesonotum shining yellow 
with six slender brown stripes, the median pair separated by a line, 
the outer ones not continued in front of the suture ; more out- 
wardly in front, on either side there is a slender strigula reaching 
as far as the suture. Pleurte and legs wholly yellow. Abdomen 
black, the immediate base yellowish ; the narrow lateral margin of 
the second and third segments, and the fourth and fifth except a 
median triangle, yellow. Wings nearly hyaline ; a blackish sub- 
quadrate spot at the tip of the wing, in the submarginal and first 
posterior cell, reaching from the tip of the second to the tip of the 
fourth vein ; second section of the costal vein more than twice 
the length of the third section. Length l|-"2 mm. 

Numerous specimens. With these specimens there 
are several in which the front is yellow or brownish-yel- 
low, and the spot at the tip of the wing is apparent only 
as a blackish cloud. They appear to be immature 

3. Drosophila sororla, n. sp. 

$ , $ . Head and antennse yellow, opaque ; front rather more 
than one-third of the width of the head, a little broader above ; 
arista with only a few rays. Thorax light reddish-yellow, opaque. 
Abdomen reddish-brown or blackish, probably in life with black 
hind margins to the segments. Legs wholly yellow. Wings 
lightly tinged with blackish, more noticeable along the costa and at 
the tip ; a rather broad, dark cloud on the cross-veins, and indis- 
tinct clouds on the veins at the tip of the wing, that of the second 
vein, however, distinct; third section of the costal vein short; 
posterior cross- vein straight. Length \\ mm. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. 

Diptera of St. Vincent (WeM Indies). 409 

4. Drosophila annulata, n. sp. 

$, $. Front less than one-tliird of the width of the head; 
silvery-grey and opaque black. Antennae reddish-yellow, the first 
joint above, and the third at the base, blackish. Face blackish, 
greyish dusted ; median carina yellowish, nose-like, subsulcate. 
Mesonotum opaque coffee-brown, with narrow, irregular, yellowish- 
grey markings. Scutellum darker brown, its basal angles and the 
apex greyish. Abdomen black, the narrow angles of the segments 
yellow, forming more or less complete bands, and a narrow yellow 
stripe in the middle of the posterior segments. Femora, except 
the yellow tip, dark brown ; tibite yellow, with a basal and terminal 
brown ring ; tarsi yellow. Wings subhyaline, with blackish clouds 
on the cross- veins, and a black spot at the tip of the first section of 
the costal vein. Length 2^ mm. 

Fifteen specimens. St. Vincent. 

'5. Drosojjhila hilmeata, n. sp. 

^ . Front of equal width, not widened above ; opaque velvety 
black, the orbits and a slender median line opaque yellowish-grey. 
Face light yellow, on the sides above dusted like the frontal orbits. 
Cheeks and the dilated palpi black, the cheeks yellow behind. 
Face distinctly receding, cariuate iu the middle. Antennte brown- 
ish-yellow or brown, the third joint more than twice as long as 
wide ; arista with about five rays above and three below. 
Occiput black above. Mesonotum and scutellum opaque deep 
brown, the former with two narrow stripes, not reaching the hind 
margin, and appearing like continuations of the frontal orbits. 
Pleurse light-yellow. Abdomeu oval, not elongate ; opaque deep 
browu or black, the fifth segment, except .sometimes a small spot 
in the middle, the remainder of the abdomen, and the narrow 
lateral margin of all the segments yellow. Legs light-yellow. 
Wings greyish hyaline ; ultimate section of the fourth vein not 
twice the length of the penultimate section. Length 1| mm. 

Three specimens. St. Vincent. 

6. D rosopliila cqffeata, n. sp. 
(^ , $ . Dark coffee-brown. Front at the lower part a little 
less than one-third of the width of the head, with two opaque, 
anteriorly convergent, velvety black stripes. Basal joints of the 
antennae yellowish, the third joint brownish on its margin, only a 
little longer than broad ; arista with four rays above. Face yellow, 

410 Professor Williston on the 

brown in the middle ; strongly carinate. Mesonotum with three 
inconspicuous whitish stripes in front. Scutellum black, brownish 
pollinose in an oblique light. Pleurae nearly black. Abdomen 
black or brownish-black. Legs luteous. Wings tinged with 
brownish; ultimate section of the fourth vein not twice the length 
of the penultimate section ; third section of the costal vein less 
than half the length of the second section. Length 3-4 mm. 
Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

7. Drosophila hellula, n. sp. 

$ , 2 • Front broader above ; the orbits yellowish, in the 
middle a large truncated triangle brown, the inner portion of 
which — the vertical triangle — lighter coloured, or yellow. Antennfe 
yellow, the base in the larger part of the short third joint blackish; 
arista pectinate above and below. Face and cheeks yellow, the 
former carinate. Mesonotum brown, with three greyish-yellowish 
stripes, the middle one broader and more diffuse in frout, narrow 
behind. Scutellum brownish, yellowish on the borders. Pleurte 
brown, with two slender yellowish stripes. Abdomen black or 
dark brown, the segments with a more or less narrow yellowish 
anterior border. Legs yellow. Wings yellowish hyaline ; second 
section of the costa about three times the length of the third 
section. Length 2 mm. 

Eight specimens. St. A^incent. 

8. Drosophila fasciola, n. sp. 

^ , $ . Front broader above ; the orbital margins yellowish (at 
their lower part a brownish spot); two convergent brown stripes, 
within which the vertical triangle is lighter coloured ; the front is 
wholly opaque. Antennte yellowish ; the short third joint brown 
at the base. Face yellowish, the thin median carina nose-like, not 
appreciably sulcate. Cheeks brown. Mesonotum opaque greyish- 
yellowish, with incomplete brown stripes and irregular spots ; in 
the middle behind, the brown forms a large triangle, bisected by a 
slender yellowish line. Scutellum opaque yellowish, brownish 
towards its base ; the four bristles each arise from a small blackish 
spot. Pleuraj brown, yellowish vittate. Abdomen brown, the 
segments yellow or yellowish in front. Wings yellowish hyaline ; 
tip of the first section of the costa black ; third section of the 
costa not one-half the length of the second section. Legs yellow ; 
base of all the femora brown or blackish ; all the tibiae with a 
proximal and distal brown ring. Length 2 mm. 

Five specimens. 

Diptera of St. Vincent (1^^?^^ Indies). 411 

9. Drosophila opaca, n. sp. 

$ , 2 . Front broad, more than one-third of the width of the 
head, considerably broader above ; deep opaque black. Antenna 
reddish-brown or blackish, the third joint more or less blackish on 
the upper margin ; second joint tumid, with two or three bristles; 
third joint about twice as long as wide ; arista with long rays, 
about eight in number, on the upper side. Face black, lightly 
dusted ; cheeks narrow. Palpi black. Mesonotum and scutellum 
wholly deep opaque, velvety black. Pleurce opaque black, yellow 
below, a slender yellow line along the dorso-pleural suture. Halteres 
yellow. Abdomen opaque black and light-yellow ; the first seg- 
ment yellow ; the next three segments yellow, with the sides 
black, extending more or less across the hind margin, and leaving 
the yellow as a semi-oval space; fifth segment yellow, with a 
posterior band ; sixth segment yellow. Legs, including the cox«, 
wholly light-yellow. Wings with a distinct brownish tinge ; pen- 
ultimate section of the fourth vein about one-half the length of 
the ultimate section ; the third vein terminates at the extreme tip 
of the wing ; third section of the costal vein more than one-half 
the length of the second section. Length H mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

10. Drosophila tlioracis, n. sp. 

5 . Front a third of the width of the head, bi'oader above ; 
opaque or brown or black, the narrow orbits and median triangle 
shining. Antennse lutescent yellow, the third joint a little 
blackishr and rather elongate. Face luteous yellow, distinctly 
carinate above, the oral margin narrowly blackish. Cheeks yellow 
behind. Proboscis yellow. Mesonotum shining deep brown or 
nearly black. Scutellum black, shining. Uppermost part of the 
pleurae, near the dorso-pleural suture, black, below light-yellow ; 
metanotum nearly black. Abdomen shining black, the middle of 
the first and second segments, anterior border of the fourth and 
fifth segments and the ovipositor, yellow; third segment yellow 
with a narrow, interrupted black band. Venter and legs light 
yellow. Wings yellowish hyaline ; the third costal section two- 
thirds of the length of the second section. Length 2 mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. " In fungi.^^ 

11. Drosophila pleural is, n. sp. 

$ . Front yellow below, on the upper part blackish. 
Antennae reddish or yellowish, the third joint more or less in- 
f uscated and rather long ; arista with five rays above. Face, 

412 Professor Williston 07i the 

cheeks, and the lower part of the occiput light-yellow ; facial 
carina small. Mesouotum and scutellum deep shining black or 
nearly black. Pleurte and legs wholly light-yellow. Abdomen 
black, moderately shining, the fifth segment on the sides and the 
venter yellow. Wings nearly hyaline, the third section of the 
costal vein little more than one-half the length of the second 
section ; penultimate section of the fourth vein about one-third 
the length of the ultimate section. \ Length 2 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

12. Drosophila splendida, n. sp. 

(J, 9 • The large frontal triangle metallic-blue, the sides more 
brownish and the frontal lunile yellow. Antennae yellow, the 
third joint somewhat brownish ; arista thickly and long plumose. 
Face opaque yellow, somewhat blackish in the concavities, with a 
slight median carina. Mesonotam brilliant deep metallic-blue ; 
scutellum deep opaque black ; pleurje black but little shining. 
Abdomen black, the basal segments more or less yellow, apparently 
in life with distinct markings. Legs yellow ; all the femora more 
or less black. Wings greyish or yellowish hyaline ; third section 
of the costal vein two-thirds the length of the second section. 
Anal cell incomplete. Length 2 mm. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. 

13. Drosojpliila inmctidata. 
Drosophila pundulafa, hoew, Centur.j ii.j 100. — Cuba. 
Four specimens. St. Vincent. 

14. Drosophila procnemis, n. sp. 

$. Front broad, broader above; opaque yellow, the narrow 
orbits greyish. Antennae yellow, the third joint brownish ; arista 
with three or four rays above and two below. Face and cheeks 
yellow, the former not carinate, the latter narrow. Thorax shining 
reddish-yellow, with black hair. Abdomen rather elongate, deep 
shining black. Legs yellow, the front femora for the most 
part, the front tibijB and the front metatarsi deep brown 
or black, the remaining joints of the front tarsi light-yellow. 
AVings tinged with greyish ; the third and fourth veins are gently 
convergent, the former terminating at the tip of the wing ; the 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 413 

third section of the costal vein is about three-fourths the length of 
the second section, and the penultimate section of the fourth vein 
about one-third the length of the ultimate section ; costal cell 
infuscated ; anal cell complete. Length 2 mm. 

Four specimens. The wings are whitish at the tip. 

15. Drosopliila frontalis, n. sp. 

(^ , $ . Front narrow, more than twice as long as wide, less 
than one-third of the width of the face, of equal width above and 
below, and not wider than the face ; opaque light-yellow, in some 
specimens with a shade of brown above. Third joint of the 
antennas fully twice as long as wide. Antennae, face, and lower 
part of the occiput light-yellow, the occiput elsewhere blackish ; 
cheeks linear ; face not carinate. Mesonotum and scutellum light 
reddish-yellow, moderately shining. Pleurse light-yellow. Abdomen 
yellow or light reddish-yellow, rather elongate ; the second seg- 
ment, except the narrow front margin, the third and fourth 
segments each with three spots, of which the median one is the 
larger, black ; fifth segment of the female small, Avith a black spot 
on each side. Legs wholly light-yellow. Wings yellowish or 
greyish hyaline ; third section of the costal vein less than half the 
length of the second section ; penultimate section of the fourth 
vein less than half the length of the ultimate section ; the costal 
vein terminates at the tip of the third vein. Length 2| mm. 

Eight specimens. St. Vincent. 

16. Drosophila verticis, n. sp. 

? . Front very broad above ; yellow, the vertical stripes and a 
stripe or spot near the orbits, metallic-blue ; lower part of the 
front wholly yellowish. Antennae yellow, the third joint brown ; 
arista with long rays above and below. Face yellow, flat, not 
carinate. Mesonotum shining reddish-yellow ; scutellum opaque 
brown on its upper surface. Pleurce more brown. Abdomen 
apparently yellow, with brown posterior bands to the segments. 
Legs yellow. Wings nearly hyaline ; third section of the costal 
vein two-thirds or more the length of the second section ; anal 
cell incomplete, the vein closing the cell outwardly indistinct or 
wanting. Length 2 mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. 

TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART III. (sEPT.) 28 

414 Professor Williston on the 

17. Vrosophila, sp. ?. (PI. XIV., fig. 153, wing.) 

$ . Deep shining black. Front very broad, broader than long. 
Antennae blackish ; third joint narrow and pointed. Face not 
more than half the width of the front, gently convex in the middle, 
the narrow orbits, the inferior margin and the cheeks greyish 
dusted. Legs, including the front coxte, wholly light-yellow. 
Wings nearly hyaline ; third costal section a little longer than 
the second. Length 2 mm. 

One specimen. " Union Is.; Oct.'' 

18. DrosojyJiila j^olUnosa, n. sp. 

$ . Black in ground-colour, thickly pollinose. Front longer 
than broad, only a little broader above ; densely yellowish-grey 
pollinose, with four rows of bristles, the median ones not extend- 
ing quite as far as the orbital ones. Antenna), 
the third joint rounded, the arista with but few rays on the upper 
side. Face greyish-pollinose, like the front, flat or with a slight 
carina above ; vibrissis present ; cheeks not broad. Thorax densely 
pollinose, the mesonotum and scutcllum j'ellowish-grey, the pleura; 
more grey ; apex of the scutellum reddish. Abdomen black, yel- 
lowish-grey dusted. Legs reddish-yellow. Wings nearly hyaline ; 
anterior cross-vein situated before the insertion of the first vein ; 
third section of the costal vein only a little shorter than the 
second section Halteres yellow. Length 2 mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. In all probability the 
present species belongs among tlie Ephydridai, but tbe 
very flat face and the presence of vibrissas will lead one 
to search for the species in this genus. The presence of 
the additional row of frontal bristles, the few rays to the 
antennal arista, the small carina, and the partial absence 
of the anal cell are all characters out of accordance 
with those of this genus, as well as the general colouring 
of the species. 

19. DrosopMla limhata, n. sp. 

^ $ . Head, thorax and legs yellow or reddish-yellow, but 
little or not at all shining ; third joint of the antennte brownish ; 
face carinate. Abdomen yellow, with a posterior black band to the 
segments, the bands broader in the middle and narrow at the sides. 
Wintrs distinctly clouded with blackish along the front border, 
filling out the costa, marginal and submarginal cells, and reaching 

Dlptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 415 

the middle of the first posterior cell : behind, the wing is dis- 
tinctly lighter coloured, but not hyaline ; on the posterior cross- 
vein there is an indistinct cloud ; third section of the costal vein 
about one-third the length of the second section. Length 2 mm. 

Twelve specimens. St. Vincent. 

20. Drosojihila pallida, n, sp. 

^ , $ . Yellow, not shining, the mesonotum light reddish- 
yellow and a little shining ; face obtusely carinate above, not 
nose-like. Abdomen reddish-yellow, with a narrow brownish 
posterior border to the segments. Front broad, broader above. 
Wings distinctly yellowish ; second section of the costal vein fully 
twice the length of the third section. Length 1^ mm. 

Twelve specimens. St. Vincent. In most of the 
specimens the narrow brown bands of tbe abdomen are 
visible, but in some the whole abdomen is brown. The 
penultimate section of the fourth vein is very nearly equal 
to one-half the length of the ultimate section. A sinf]^Ie 
female specimen agrees in other respects but has the 
third costal section about three-fourths the length of the 
second section and the penultimate section of the fourth 
vein not more than one-third the length of the ultimate 

21. Drosophila similis, n. sp. 

$ , $ . Very much like D. pallida, but is larger, and the^ 
third section of the costal vein is very short, not longer than the 
penultimate section of the fourth vein. The second and third 
veins are parallel through nearly their whole length, and the second 
vein is unusually long. In most of the specimens the abdomen is 
brown, but in some there are black or brown bands as in D. pallida. 
The colour is reddish-yellow, sometimes more purely yellow. 
Length 2-25- mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

22. Drosophila illota, n. sp. 

$ . Yellowish or brownish-red, the abdomen brown or blackish, 
the legs yellow. Front as broad or broader than long, a little 
wider above, opaque brownish or ochraceous yellow, the ocellar 
tubercle blackish. Third joint of the antennee twice as broad as 
long, blackish ; arista with two or three rays on the under side. 

^16 . Professor Williston on the 

Face more yellowish, in the middle with a strong, obtuse carina, 
leaving a deep depression on each side in which is lodged the 
antenna. Palpi and proboscis yellowish. Mesonotum a little 
shining. Abdomen more reddish toward the base. Wings with 
a brownish tinge ; penultimate section of the fourth vein about 
one-half as long as the ultimate section ; posterior cross- vein 
nearly as long as the ultimate section of the fifth vein ; third 
section of the costa not half the length of the second section. 
Length 2^ mm. 

Two specimens. St. Vincent. 

• • • 23. Drosojyliila nana, n. sp. 

^ , 5 . Front a little broader above ; brown, somewhat yellow- 
ish below. Antennae yellow, the third joint oval, brownish. Face 
obscure yellowish-brown ; carina small, low, confined to the upjier 
part of the face. Arista with four or five rays above and two long 
ones below. Mesonotum yellowish-brown, shining ; pleurae more 
blackish. Abdomen oval, black, shining. Legs lutescent yellow. 
Wings yellowish hyaline ; third section of the costal vein more 
than one-half the length of the second section ; anal cell incom- 
plete, its outer cross-vein indistinct. Length If mm. 

Six specimens. St. Vincent. 


.ScMner, Wien. ent. Monatschr., vi., 1862. Amiota, Loew, 
Centur., ii., 9^, 18(32. 

1. Phortica scutellaris, n. sp. 

-^ . Front opaque black, brownish pollinose, a little wider pos- 
"teriorly, less than one-third the width of the head. Antennae 
brownish-yellow or yellow, the first two joints brownish ; arista 
long plumose. Face flattened, grey pollinose. Thorax black, 
thinly greyish-yellowish pollinose and but little shining; scutellum 
flattened, opaque^black. Abdomen black or brownish- black, more 
or less yellowish in the middle and at the tip ; venter yellow. 
Legs wholly light-yellow. Wings greyish hyaline, distinctly 
pubescent ; cross- veins approximated, the penultimate section of 
the fourth vein scarcely as long as the first section of the third 
vein ;. second and third veins nearly parallel, the distance between 

Biff era of St. Vincent {West Indies). 417 

their tips not twice as great as that between the tips of the fourth 
and third veins. 

$ . Second, third, and fourth joints of the front tarsi dilated, 
the first joint stout ; the whole tarsi and the tip of the tibiie 

Length 2 mm. 

Five specimens. St. Vincent. I refer this species 
with some doubt to the present genus^ as it does not 
have the typical markings of Phortica. There is a com- 
plete posterior basal cell ; otherwise the species resemble 
those of Brosophila. The oral vibrissas are weak. 
The bristles of the front are strong and reach nearly 
to the oral margin ; there is no preapical bristle to the 
hind tibife. 



Macquart, Hist. Nat. Dipt. Suites a Buffon, ii., 621, 
1835 ; Crasslseta, Von Eoser, Verh. Wurtt. Dipt. 
Nachtrag, 1840. 

1. Elachiptera flavida, n. sp. 

^, $. Light reddish colour, the arista black, and the legs 
more purely yellow. Vertical triangle large, reaching nearly to 
the root of the antennae, shining. Head usually a purer yellow 
than the mesonotum and abdomen. Mesonotum shining. Scu- 
tellum trapezoidal, with two moderate-sized bristles on the angles. 
Abdomen of some specimens brownish, probably from desiccation. 
Wings hyaline, with a slight yellowish tinge ; third section of 
the costal vein only a little shorter than the second. Length 
2-2 1^ mm. 

Ten specimens. St. Vincent. 


Loew, Centur., iii., 67, 1863. 

1. Proboscis elongate, folding backwards (Siphomijia) ... 2 
Proboscis not elongate ■^ 

2. Thorax black, thinly greyish dusted . . . proboscUleus, n. sp. 
Thorax yellow, the mesonotum, except on the sides and 

behind, black, thickly yellowish dusted . dorsaius, n. sp. 

418 Professor Williston on the 

15. Thorax shining black 5 

Thorax not wholly black 4 

4. Thorax reddish-yellow ; front black ; second and third 

sections of the costal vein of nearly equal length 

equalis, n. sp. 
Mesonotum brown or blackish ; front yellow, with a 
moderate-sized brown triangle ; second section of 
the costal veia much longer than the third 

(lormlia, Loew. 

5. Scutellum black ; third section of the costal vein much 

shorter than the second flavipes, Loew. 

Scutellum reddish ; second and third sections of the costa 

of nearly equal length scutellaris, n. sp. 

1. Hippelatcs (n, subg., Si'phomyln) lyrohoscideus, n. sp. 

^ . Front opaque yellow, the vertical triangle black, but 
covered with light greyish dust, leaving a small, rounded, shining 
spot near the ocelli. The triangle reaches to about the middle of 
the front, and its sides are nearly equilateral ; a row of small 
bristles on either side reaches to below the middle of the front. 
Antennas, face, cheeks and palpi wholly yellow ; on either side of 
the oral margin in front a small vibrissal bristle. Proboscis slender, 
elongate, bent near its middle and turned back, its slender proximal 
portion a little shorter than the length o£ the head. Cheeks rather 
broad. Palpi cylindrical, a little broader toward the end. Thorax 
black, thickly greyish dusted, the mesonotum with three, slender, 
indistinct lines; the pleuraa sliining black on the lower portion. 
Scutellum oval, with two bristles on its border. Abdomen red or 
brownish-red ; in some specimens reddish-brown with yellowish 
incisures. Legs wholly light-yellow ; spur of the hind tibiae long 
and stout. Wings cinereous hyaline ; third section of the costa 
short. Length 2 mm. 

Ten specimens. St. Vincent. This and the following 
species, while agreeing sufficiently well in the other 
characters with the genus Hippelafes, I have thought 
well to distinguish subgenerically from the other species 
by the name Sij^homyia, on account of the elongate 
proboscis. Others of the previously described species 
evidently belong to the same subdivision. 

Dlftera of Si. Vincent {West Indies). 419 

2. Hi'p'pelates [Siphomyia) dorsatus, n. sp. 

$ . Front opaque yellow, the minute ocellar spot brownish. 
AntennaB yellow, the third joint a little brownish in front ; arista 
brown, slender, bare. Face, cheeks, proboscis and palpi yellow ; 
proboscis elongate, the labella slender and turned backward. 
Mesonotum, except on the sides and posterior margin, black, but 
largely concealed beneath light-yellow dust ; thorax elsewhere 
yellow, opaque. Scutellum convex, yellow, with two small, 
approximated bristles at the tip. Abdomen yellow, the second, 
third and fourth segments with three series of black, subconfluent 
spots, of which the middle ones extend furthest back. Legs light- 
yellow ; spur of the hiud tibiae very long, curved and black. 
Wings nearly hyaline ; second section of the costal vein nearly 
twice the length of the third section. Length 2f mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

3. Hippelates equalis, n. sp. 

$ , $ . Front broad ; the very large shining black triangle 
extends to near the root of the antennae ; remainder of the front 
opaque black. Antennae, face, and the very narrow cheeks yellow. 
Occiput black. Thorax light reddish-yellow, the mesonotum 
shining. Scutellum flattened subquadrate, the marginal bristles 
remote from each other on the angles. Abdomen reddish-yellow, 
the distal segments somewhat obscure. Legs wholly light-yellow; 
spur of the hind tibiae long, curved and black. Wings greyish 
hyaline ; second and third sections of the costa of nearly equal 
length. Length 2 mm. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. This species is 

related to H. pallihis, Loew, but will be distinguished 
by the colour of the front. 

4. Hijjpelates dorsaiis. 

Hippelates dorsaiis, Loew, Centur., viii., 75. — Cuba. 

$, ?. Front broad, light-yellow opaque; vertical triangle 
reaches to about midway, and is shining black or dark red, some- 
times partially concealed beneath greyish dust. Third joint of the 
antennae large, rounded ; on its upper part black, below yellow 
The face, the moderately broad cheeks, and the palpi yellow, the 
proboscis block. Thorax reddish-yellow, the mespnoturn black or^ 

420 Professor Willisfcon on the 

brown, moderately shining and with feebly marked linear stripes. 
Scutellum reddish-yellowish ; oval, convex, and with approximated 
apical bristles. Abdomen reddish or yellowish at the base. 
becoming brownish distally. Legs reddish or lutescent yellow, the 
tarsi brownish distally. Wings nearly hyaline ; third section of 
the costa but little more than half the length of the second 
section. Length 2 mm. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. 

5. Eippelates ilavipes. 

Hippelates Jlavipes, Loew, Centur., vi., 95. — Cuba. 

A large series of specimens from St. Vincent agree 
with the description of this species so closely that there- 
can be no question of their identity. With them, how- 
ever, there is yet a larger number which show such 
discrepancies that their specific identity is somewhat 
doubtful. I give herewith a description of the variety 
or species, whichever it may be. 

(^ , $ . Front opaque black or dark brown on the sides ; on the 
lower third, from the tip of the very large shining black triangle,^ 
opaque yellow. Antennae yellow, the upper part of the third joint 
blackish ; arista black, bare. Face and cheeks yellow, the former 
with a large notch in front, which is margined with brown. Meso- 
notum shining black, with black pubescence ; scutellum opaque, 
convex, and with a pair of approximated bristles at the apex. 
Pleurte shining black. Abdomen black ; the base, the venter, and 
the ovipositor yellow or yellowish. Halteres light-yellow. Legs, 
including the front coxte, light-yellow; hind femora for the greater 
part black, the middle femora and hind tibiae sometimes blackish 
in the middle. Length l|-2 mm. 

In yet another large series the legs are almost wholly 
black, save the tarsi, and the antennge are wholly black. 

6. Hippelates scutellaris, n. sp. 

$. Front yellow, including the lower part of the very large, 
shining black triangle, which reaches very nearly to the base of the 
antennae. Antennae reddish-yellow ; the arista black and very 
finely pubescent. Eyes sparsely, but distinctly, pubescent. Face 
yellow, somewhat blackish in the middle. Cheeks very narrow. 
Palpi yellow. Mesonotum wholly shining black, not pollinose. ^ 

Diptera of 8t. Vincent {West Indies). 421 

Scutellum reddish, blackish at the base, its straight distal margiu 
•with two rather remote bristles. Pleurae reddish-yellow. Abdomen 
elongate ; shining black, at its base obscurely reddish. Legs yellow, 
the hind tibia; somewhat, and the last two joints of the tarsi, brown. 
Wings nearly hyaline; third section o£ the costa as long as the 
second section. Length 2| mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

Latreille, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., xxiv., 196, 1804. 

1. Scutellum elongated, triangular, pointed 2 

Scutellum oval, convex 3 

2. Scutellum wholly light-yellow; mesonotum black in the 

middle, yellow on the sides .... ti-iangiilarix^ n. sp. 
Scutellum black, yellow at the tip ; mesonotum wholly 

black apkxtli-f, n. sp. 

3. Second section of the costal vein not twice the length of 

the third 6 

Second section of the costal vein fully twice the length of 

the third 4 

4. Antenna; yellow >> 

Antennae black fui,n. sp. 

5. Mesonotum black, greyish-yellowish dusted . . incqjien-i, n. sp. 
Mesonotum yellow, with four narrow brown stripes, 

quadrilineufa, n. sp. 

6. Thorax yellow, shining m/tis, n. sp. 

Thorax not shining, yellow 7 

7. Thorax shining black, front mostly shining black .... 8 
Thorax opaque, vittate ; front opaque nana, n. sp. 

8. Front tarsi yellow ; scutellar bristles approximated, third 

joint of the antennte largely yellow . . . concinna, n. sp. 
Front tarsi black ; antennae black uaonyma. 

1. Osiinis triangularis, n. sp. (PI. XIV., fig. 153a, wing.) 

^ , ^ . Eyes densely pubescent. Front narrow, not one-third 
of the width of the head ; opaque yellow, a minute black spot at 
the ocelli ; the small frontal triangle shining. Antennae yellow. 
Face, the narrow cheeks, the palpi, .and the proboscis light-yellow. 
Thorax light-yellow, with light-yellow hair ; mesonotum with 
three broad, coalesced or coalescent black stripes, the middle one 
of which extends further forward than the others. Pleurfe with a 

422 Professor Williston on the 

small, round, black spot above the middle coxae. Scutellum large, 
nearly equilaterally triangular, with its apex rounded and pro- 
vided -with two approximated bristles ; wholly light-yellow. 
Metanotum and the abdomen, except the immediate base, shining 
black ; venter yellow. Legs yellow ; front tibiae and tarsi brown 
or brownish ; the distal two joints of the hind tarsi in the $ black. 
Wings greyish hyaline ; third section of the costa about two- 
thirds the length of the second section ; third and fourth veins 
parallel. Length 2^^ mm. 

Five specimens. St. Vincent, Leeward side, 500- 
1000 feet. 

2. Oscinis apicalis, n. sp. 

Eyes distinctly pubescent. Front opaque reddish-yellow, the 
large vertical triangle deep shining black, its anterior point reach- 
ing about two-thirds of the distance to the root of the antennae. 
Antennae reddish-yellow, the upper margin of the third joint 
brownish ; arista black, finely pubescent. Face, cheeks, and 
clypeus black. Palpi reddish-yellow. Mesonotum deep black, 
moderately shining, fiuely punctulate. Scutellum elongate, tri- 
angular, pointed ; black, its apical one-third light-yellow ; there 
are two upright, small bristles at the tip, and on either side a 
minute tubercle. Pleurae shining black. . Abdomen shining black, 
the venter yellowish. Halteres nearly white. Legs, not including 
the coxae, wholly light-yellow. Wings greyish hyaline ; third 
section of the costa not more than one-half the length of the second 
section ; second, third, and fourth veins parallel. Length 2 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. "Forest, 1800 fuet, 
W. slope of Sonfriere, Sept. 23.^^ 

3. Oscinis quadrilineata, n. sp. 

^ , $ . Eyes pubescent. Front opaque yellow, with a small 
brown spot between the ocelli ; vertical triangle small, but little 
shining. Antennai yellow, the third joint brown on its front 
margiu. Face, cheeks, and palpi yellow. Thorax yellow, the 
mesonotum with four narrow brown stripes, not shining, the 
median pair more narrowly separated. Scutellum light-yellow. 
Metanotum and abdomen black, the latter at its immediate base 
yellow ; venter yellow. Legs yellow. Wings nearly hyaline ; 
third section of the costa scarcely one-half the length of the second 
section. Length 2 mm. : , , 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 423 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. The abdomen varies 
much in colour, from reddish-yellow to black, and the 
antenna may be wholly yellow. There are numerous 
rather short stubbly bristles on the lateral and posterior 
margins of the mesonotum and on the margin of the 
scutellum, which are highly characteristic of the 

4. semis anonyma, n. sp. 

$ , 2 ■ Front opaque black on the side, -with a large shining 
black triangle, reaching nearly to the root of the antennae. 
Antenna wholly black, the arista very finely pubescent. Face 
black ; cheeks yellow. Thorax deep shining black. Scutellum 
convex, black, with two strong, rather remote bristles. Abdomen 
black, moderately shining. Halteres yellow. Legs yellow, the 
bind tibiae in part and all the tarsi brown ; the tip of the front 
tibiie and their tarsi were blackish. Wings greyish hyaline ; 
second section of the costa slightly longer than the third. 
Length 1^ mm. 

Two specimens. St. A^incent. 

5. Oscinis nana, n. sp. 

^ , $ . Front opaque, black in ground-colour, but covered with 
a thin brownish "dust ; the large vertical triangle is somewhat 
elevated, its sides nearly equilateral, and separated by a distinct 
groove from the rest of the front ; it reaches about midway of the 
front. Face brown or blackish ; cheeks yellowish. Antenna 
black, the third joint in large part yellow. Thorax black ; the 
mesonotum with four bi'oad, greyish-yellowish, not conspicuous 
stripes, leaving three narrow, more blackish intervals. Scutellum 
black, the bristles of its apex not remote from each other. 
Pleurae greyish dusted. Abdomen black, not shining. Legs 
yellow, the femora for the greatest part, and the last two joints 
of the tarsi black. Wings nearly hyaline ; second and third 
sections of the costa of nearly equal length. Length 1-1:^ mm. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent. The bristles are 
everywhere short and inconspicuous. 

424 Professor Williston on the 

6. O.icinis concinna, n. sp. 

$ . The very large, ghining black vertical triangle reaches 
nearly to the root of the antennae, leaving the sides below opaque- 
brown. Antennse reddish-yellow, the front margin of the third 
joint black ; arista pubescent. Eyes distinctly pubescent. Face 
black in the middle. Cheeks yellow, somewhat silvery. Thorax 
and scutellum deep shining black, with black hair ; bristles of 
the scutellum approximated. Abdomen shining black. Legs 
yellow, the femora for the most part pitchy black ; front tibiae 
in part brown. Wings nearly hyaline ; second section of the costa 
scarcely longer than the third. Length 1^^ mm. 

Three specimens. St. Vincent. This species closely 
resembles 0. anonyma, but differs in the yellow 
antenna3, the black femora, the approximated bristles 
at the tip of the scutellum, the shorter, more slender 
and yellow front tarsi, and the rather longer second 
section of the costal vein. 

7. Oscinis mitis, n. sp. 

^, ?. Yellow, the head with a minute black spot at the 
ocelli, and the abdomen for the larger part brown. The very 
large, shining vertical triangle reaches to the antennas and nearly 
from eye to eye at the vertex. Scutellum rather large, subquad- 
rate, the bristles of its apex not approximated. Mesonotum shining, 
with yellow hairs. Legs lighter yellow. Wings greyish-hyaline ; 
second section of the costa only a little longer than the third ; 
third and fourth veins parallel. Length 2 mm. 

Four specimens. St. Vincent, " Windward side.^' 

8. Oscinis incipiens, n. sp. 

^ , $ . Front opaque light-yellow, the opaque, whitish-dusted 
vertical triangle scarcely reaching the middle of the front. An- 
tennae, face, cheeks and palpi light-yellow, the third joint of the 
antennae somewhat brownish above. Thorax and the oval scutellum 
deep black, but little shining, covered with greyish-yellowish dust 
or pubescence, the scutellum somewhat yellowish at the apex. 
Abdomen brownish-black, opaque. Legs yellow, the hind femora, 
and the hind tibiae in the middle somewhat brownish. Wings 

Diptera of St. Vincent {West Indies). 425 

nearly hyaline ; second section of the costa more than twice the 
length of the third. Length If mm. 

Thirty specimens. St. Vincent. 

9, Oscinis fur, n. sp. 

,^, $. Front light-yellow, opaque, with a V-shaped impressed 
line, back of which the vertical triangle is more or less black or 
brown and greyish-dusted. Face, cheeks and palpi yellow. An- 
tennte black, the basal joints yellow. Thorax black, only a little 
shining, covered with thin greyish dust or pubescence. Scutellum 
oval. Abdomen black, moderately shining. Legs black or dark 
brown, the trochanters, knees, more or less of the anterior tibiae 
and the base of the middle tarsi yellow. Wings greyish-hyaline ; 
third section of the costal vein about half the length of the 
second section. Length 2 mm. 

Ten specimens. St. Vincent. This species is closely 
allied to the foregoing, 0. incipiens, but differs in the 
colour of the antennas and legs, especially. 

Meigen, Illiger's Magazin, ii., 278, 1803. 

1. Chlorops trivittata, n. sp. 

(J, $. Front reddish-yellow, mostly shining, with a small 
black spot between the ocelli. Basal joints of the antennse yel- 
lowish-red ; third joint black. The face, the broad cheeks, palpi 
and broad margins of the occiput yellow. Thorax light-yellow ; 
the broad median black stripe begins at the neck and reaches two- 
thirds of the way to the scutellum ; the lateral stripes begin a 
little way back of the front margin and reach further toward the 
scutellum ; in addition there is a black strigula above the root of 
each wing, and a minute black spot on each humerus. Scutellum 
light-yellow, semicircular in shape. Metanotum black. Abdomen 
brownish-yellow ; venter yellow. Legs yellow ; the distal joints 
of the tarsi brownish. Wings nearly hyal'ne ; the third section 
of the costal vein only a little more than 'i^.lf the length of the 
second section ; third and fourth longitudinal veins gently di- 
vergent ; last section of the fifth vein more than twice the length 
of the penultimate section of the fourth. Length 2 mm. 

Fifteen specimens. St. Vincent. 

4IG Professor Williston on the 


Platophrymyia, n. g. 

Allied to Agromyza, but the front very long, plane, and the 
epistoma projecting, the proboscis long and slender, folding back- 
ward near the middle. Front long, descending, plane or gently 
concave longitudinally, with moderately strong bristles reaching 
nearly to the root of the antennae. Antennse short, third joint 
large, rounded, arista bare. Face excavated in profile, short, the 
epistoma projecting as far forward as the antennal projection ; oral 
margin of cheeks long, horizontal, straight ; well developed vibrissa] 
bristles present. Oral margin in front notched. Palpi large, pro- 
jecting, a little thickened at the extremity. Thorax moderately 
arched in front, flattened behind, with bristles on the sides and in 
front of the scutellum. Scutellum large, with four bristles. Abdo- 
men oval, depressed, composed apparently of five visible segment?, 
genitalia not prominent. Legs short and rather strong, not at all 
bristly. Auxiliary vein rudimentai-y ; first longitudinal vein 
short; basal cells small but distinct; cross-veins approximated, 
the posterior one situated before the middle of the wing. 

] . Platophrymyia nigra, n. sp. 

Black. Frontal triangle prominent, with a depression on either 
side, which extends in the middle in front to the antennas shallowly. 
Face with a distinct median keel. Palpi black. Thorax lightly 
greyish-dusted. Scutellum oval, with four bristles, the median 
pair decussate. Abdomen pruinose. Halteres yellow. Metatarsi 
yellowish. Wings whitish-hyaline ; penultimate section of the 
fourth vein about as long as the ultimate section of the fifth vein ; 
the third vein terminates a very little beyond the apex of the wing, 
and is curved a little toward the fourth vein towards its extremity. 
Length 2 mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

OphthalmomyiAj n. g. 

Auxiliary vein feebly distinct at its beginning, continuing as an 
indistinct line and then uniting with the first vein. First vein 
short, extending little more than one-third of the length of the 
wing, with an incision in the costa before its tip. Cross-veins 
not approximated, the ultimate section of the fourth vein scarcely 

Dijptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 427 

twice the length of the penultimate section; anterior cross- vein 
situated a little before the termination of the first vein ; basal 
cells small, but complete. Face narrow, feebly carinate on the 
upper part, broader in the female than in the male, with a row of 
rather long bristles on each side extending nearly to the antennas, 
but without true vibrissas. The face is plane, not projecting in 
profile ; in the middle, not reaching much more than three-fourths 
the distance from the root of the antenuaj to the lower border of 
the eyes ; epistoma not at all projecting ; clypeus projecting lappet- 
like ; cheeks linear, with bristles along the oral margin. Eyes 
forming nearly the entire head in profile, with a distinct excision 
on the occipital border near the middle. Occiput concave. 
Antennae short, third joint rounded, arista bare. Proboscis slender, 
when folded enclosed within the oral cavity, the labella slender and 
turned backward. Legs modei-ately slender, with bristles on the 
under side of the femora, but no preapical bristles and no spurs, 
save on the middle tibiae. Mesonotum with bristles on the sides 
and before the scutellum, the latter oval, with four bristles. 
Abdomen ovate, composed of five segments ; ovipositor of female 
telescopic, cylindrical, when extended about as long as the fifth 
segment ; male genitalia not exserted. Eyes bare. First posterior 
cell nearly closed. 

1. Ophthalmomyia lacteipennis. (PI. XIV., figs. 154^ wing; 
154a, h, head of rt.) 

Lohioptera lacteipennis, Loew, Centur., vi., 97. — Cuba. 

(^,5- Deep shining metallic black ; the front and face more 
opaque; legs brownish-black. Abdomen opaque, somewhat bronze- 
black, the margins and the fifth segment shining metallic ; palpi 
reddish ; wings whitish. Length 2-3 mm. 

Numerous specimens. 


Schiner, Wien. Ent. Monatschr., vi., 18G2; Odontocera, 
Macquart, Hist. Nat. Dipt., ii., 1835 (preoc). 
1. Ceratomyza dorsalis. (PI. XIV., figs. 155, wing; 
155a, head.) 

? Odontocera dorsalis, Loew, Centur., iii, 98. — District 

S , 2 ■ Front opaque dusky- yellow, with a rounded black spot 
about the ocelli. Face and cheeks yellow. First two joints and 
the under basal portion of the third joint of the antennae yellow 

4-28 Professor Williston on the 

the third joint otherwise black. Mesonotum light-yellow, with 
three broad, opaque black stripes coufluent in front, the median 
stripe I'eaching but little past the middle ; in addition, a slender 
strifula above the root of each wing. Scutellum blackish 
on the lateral margins; with two erect bristles at the apex. Pleura; 
light-yellow. Metanotum black, except ou its uppermost part. 
Abdomen black, but whitish pruinose ; the fifth segment with a 
yellowish hind margin ; venter yellow. Legs yellow ; coxse and 
femora light-yellow, the tibial brown, the tarsi black or blackish. 
Length 2| mm. 

Two specimens. This species, the only one that has 
been recognized in the western continent, appears to 
resemble the European C. acidicornis. As in that species, 
the fourth vein terminates at the extreme tip of the wing, 
the distance between the two cross-veins is less than half 
of the length of the last section of the fifth vein. The 
wings are nearly hyaline. 


Fallen, Agromyzidse, 1823. 

1. Agromyza lateralis, n. sp. (PI. XIV., fig. 156, head.) 

^ , $ . Front of equal width throughout, less than one-third 
the width of the head, wholly light-yellow opaque, except a minute 
black spot between the ocelli. Antennse black, the second joint 
and the third at its base somewhat yellowish. Face and cheeks 
yellow like the front, the latter narrow, and with a row of small 
bristles along the oral margin, the anterior one of which forms a 
moderately stout vibrissa. Palpi black. Occipital orbits yellow, 
obsolete above. Occiput concave, opaque black. Thorax black ; 
mesonotum moderately shining, the lateral margins light-yellow, 
broader in front of the wings, and extending over their root, and 
sometimes including the postalar callosities. The mesonotum has 
short black hair, and the median rows of bristles extend as far 
forwards as the middle. Abdomen black, a little shining, clothed 
with black hair. Halteres light-yellow. Legs black or brownish- 
black, the tarsi brown or brownish-yellow. Wings hyaline ; 
penultimate section of the fourth vein not longer than the posterior 
cross-vein ; first and second basal eells united. Length 2-3 mm. 

Numerous specimens. 

Diptera of 8t. Vincent ( West Indies). 429 

2. Agromyza xanthophora. (PI. XIV., fig. 157, wing.) 

? Agromyza xanthophora, Schiner, Reise der Novara, 
Diptera, 29]. — S. America. 

$ . Front opaque black, lightly whitish dusted when seen from 
the side ; above about one-third of the width of the head, 
moderately narrowed below ; immediately above the root of the 
antennae an oval yellow spot. Antennse wholly black, the arista bare. 
Face black, lightly whitish dusted like the front. Cheeks narrow, 
hairy behind, but apparently without a row of bristles along the 
oral margin. Cheeks very narrow. Palpi black. Posterior orbits 
very narrow through it. Mesonotum opaque black, with black 
hair; the lateral margins, except a small spot on the humeri, the 
hind margin laterally, and a large confluent, quadrilateral spot 
behind, sulphur-yellow. Scutellum wholly yellow. Pleurae black 
below ; on the upper part confluent with the yellow of the sides 
of the mesonotum ; the yellow is broadest below the root of the 
wings. Abdomen yellow ; third, fourth and fifth segments each 
with a median black spot, partly confluent with each other and 
becoming successively larger posteriorly. Ovipositor black, 
cylindrical, gently tapering, about twice as long as broad, and about 
as long as the fifth segment. Wings hyaline ; auxiliary vein 
distinct, except at its tip, where it is so slender and so closely ap- 
proximated to the first vein that it is scarcely to be distinguished ; 
penultimate section of the fourth vein scarcely longer than the 
posterior cross-vein and about half the length of the ultimata 
section of the fifth vein. Length 4 mm. 

One specimen. Schiner^s ratlier brief description- 
applies well to this specimen, except in the size, which is 
given at 1-H lines. I believe, notwithstanding, the- 
species are identical. 

3. Agromyza sorosis, n. sp. 

^ , 5 • Head, including the antcnuEe, yellow, a minute spot at 
the ocelli and the upper part of the occiput black. Front about 
one-third of the width of the head, a little broader on the upper 
part. Cheeks moderately broad, with bristles along the oral margin. 
Thorax light-yellow, with three broad, black stripes, separated by 
linear intervals or wholly confluent ; the middle stripe begins at the 
TRANS. ENT. SOC. LOND. 1896. — PART III. (sKPT.) 29 

480 Professor Williston oji the 

collar and extends to back of the middle; the lateral portions behind, 
near the humeri, and reach nearly to the scutellum, with an angular 
incision at the hind end and at the suture. The scutellum has a 
small blackish spot on each margin and its dorsum is sometimes 
l)rownish. The ovipositor is about as long as broad, and about as 
long as the fifth segment. Metanotum black. Halteres light 
yellow. Abdomen yellow, the dorsum brownish or reddish-yellow. 
Wings hyaline ; penultimate section of the fourth vein a little 
longer than the posterior cross-vein and not more than a fourth or 
a fifth of the length of the last section of the fifth vein. 
Length 1^-2 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. There is some 
variation among the specimens, which possibly may 
indicate specific differences. 9 . Wings as described ; 
black of the mesonotum extending furthest back in the 
middle, nearly to the scutellum ; abdomen brownish- 
yellow, the first three segments with a brown cross-band, 
the last two with a small brown spot in the middle. 
S. Like the typical specimens, but the penultimate section 
of the fourth vein not one-third tlie length of the last 
section of the fifth vein. One of the typical specimens 
is labelled : " Mt. St. Andreas at Cavalries Forest, 
1200 feet, Oct. 16." 

4, Agromyza anthrax, n. sp. 

$. Black, but little shining. Front very broad, nearly square, 
its width rather exceeding its length ; opaque black, on its lower 
margin yellowish. Antennae black, third joint rounded, large, 
pubescent; arista very short pubescent. Face receding, excavated, 
not at all visible from the sides ; cheeks linear, with black bristles 
along the oral margin and a rather stout vibrissal bristle in front. 
Palpi projecting beyond the oral margin, yellow. Mesonotum and 
scutellum a little shining. Abdomen opaque, oval. Halteres 
yellow. Knees and tarsi yellow, the distal joints of the latter 
brownish. Wings lightly tinged ; the third vein terminates in the 
npex of the wing ; penultimate section of the fourth vein about 
one-third as long as the ultimate section of the fifth. 
Length 1 \ mm. 

One specimen. St. Vincent. 

Dipfera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 431 


Walilberg, (Efvers. afK.Yentenska Acad, Forh.,1847, 259. 
1. Lohioptera leucogastra. 

Milichia leucogastra, Loew, Wien. Entom. Monatschr., 
v., 43, 20.— Cuba. 

Lohioptera leucogastra, Loew, Centur., viii., 95. 

A single specimen from St. Vincent, agreeing well 
with the description. 



Fallen, Ortalidx, 20, 1820. 

1. Sepsis insularis, n. sp. (PL XIV., figs. 159, wing; 
159a, front leg of 6 .) 

(^ , C . Front shining black, somewhat reddish below, with a 
median longitudinal depression on the lower part. Antenna; 
yellowish-red, the third joint sometimes a little brownish ; third 
joint comparatively large. Face and cheeks yellowish-red. Thorax 
shining black throughout. Abdomen deep shining black, with 
coppery and purple reflections. Legs yellow or lutescent yellow, 
the distal joints of all the tarsi and the hind tibiae brown or black- 
ish; front femora in the male dilated for the basal two-thirds, as 
far as a bifid tubercle, in which is inserted a short bristle ; beyond 
the tubercle the femur is immediately narrowed, and a little 
distance before it there is a bristle near the middle of the femur ; 
tibise with a small tubercle corresponding to that of the femur. 
Wings hyaline, the immediate base iu the costal cells blackish. 
Length 4 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 


Macquart, Hist. Nat. Dipt., ii., 571, 1835. 

Table of Species. 

1. Third section of the costal vein longer than the second . . 2 
Third section shorter than the second ,"} 

2. Distal section of the second vein distinctly longer than the 

fii'st section of the third vein .... perjyurva, n. sp. 

432 Professor Williston on the 

Distal section of the second vein not longer than the first 

section of the third vein lugubris, n, sp. 

3. Scutellum deep opaque-black, noticeably different from the 

mesonotum scutellaris, n. sp. 

Scutellum not noticeably different in colour from the 

mesonotum 4 

4. Third vein beyond the cross-vein nearly straight, terminat- 

ing at the tip of the wing pumila, n. sp. 

Third vein with a marked anterior curvature, terminating 

at some distance before the tip of the wing . dolorosa, n. sp. 

1. Limosina scutellaris, n. sp. 

$ , 2' J^rout black, moderately shining, the lower portion and 
the face, and the antennse red. Mesonotum yellowish-red. Scutel- 
lum deep velvety black. Abdomen deep black, slightly metal- 
lescent, and thinly greyish-pollinose. Legs yellow, hind femora 
blackish ; middle tiba3 with spinous bristles. Length 2-2i mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent, etc. 

2. Limosina pumila, n. sp. (PI. XIV., fig. 160, wing.) 
^ , 9 • Front opaque black, a median stripe or slender triangle 
shining, below red or pitchy. Anteunje black ; arista finely 
pubescent. Face black, obscurely red or pitchy across the middle. 
Thorax black, moderately shining ; scutellum opaque, flattened, 
with four strong bristles. Abdomen black, but little shining. Legs 
luteous or brown, the femora and tibife more or less blackish, the 
tarsi for the larger part yellowish ; middle tibiee with strong bristle* 
on the outer side ; hind metatarsi but little longer than broad, 
moderately dilated, scarcely more than half the length of the 
slender second joint. Wings smoky hyaline ; the three sections 
of the costa of nearly equal length, the first section with longer 
bristles. Length 2-'2| mm. 

Six specimens. St. Vincent. 

3. Limosina dolorosa, n. sp. 

(^, $. Black, thinly greyish-dusted, opaque. Antennas black, 
arista pubescent ; third joint transversely oval. Face and cheeks 
black, but little shining. Scutellum coloured like mesonotum, its 
margin reddish. Legs dark-brown ; middle tibite with stout 
bristles on the outer side ; hind tibiae and tarsi of nearly equal 
length, the metatarsi about half the length of the second joint. 

Diptera of St. Vincent (West Indies). 433 

Wings lightly tinged with brownish ; first section of the costa with 
bristles ; second section a fourth or a third longer than the third 
section ; the third vein is conspicuously curved forward and 
terminates distinctly before the tip of the wing ; fourth vein 
beyond the discal cell feebly represented, gently curved. Length 
2i-3 mm. 

Numerous specimens. St. Vincent. 

4. Limosina perparva, n. sp. (PL XIY., figs. 161, 

wing; 161a, antenna.) 

(J . Front and face opaque-black. Antennae obscurely yellow, 
the third joint whitish pubescent, heart-shaped, with a terminal 
arista ; arista black, pubescent. Thorax and scutellum deeply 
black, the former shining, the latter opaque. Abdomen black. 
Legs black ; the tip of the tibiae and the tarsi yellowish ; hind 
metatarsi nearly as long as the second joint. Wings nearly 
hyaline ; the second vein joins the costa in a very acute angle, and 
is concave on the posterior side throughout ; costa with longer 
bristles on its first section. Length O'D mm. 

One specimen. 

5. Limosina luguhris, n. sp. (PI. XIV., fig. 162, wing.) 

^ , $ . Face and cheeks yellow or brownish-yellow. Antennae 
yellow, the third joint brownish at the tip, whitish pubescent, 
heart-shaped, the finely-pubescent arista terminal ; second joint 
with a coronet of strong bristles. Front opaque-reddish or 
brownish-yellow. Thorax, scutellum, and abdomen black shining ; 
scutellum flattened. Legs yellow, middle tibiae with bristles on 
the under side. Wings tinged with brownish, with a narrow 
cross-band and the tip more nearly hyaline ; the third vein takes 
its origin beyond the insertion of the first ; the first section of the 
third vein is a little shorter than the terminal section of the 
second vein, and the third section of the costa is nearly three 
times the length of the second section ; posterior cross-vein but 
little longer than the anterior cross-vein. Length l}mm. 

One specimen. With this specimen there is another, 
which has the front brown above, the pleurte brownish- 
yellow, the wings rather narrower, not clouded, 
and with the distal section of the third vein more 
nearly straight, and terminating exactly at the tip of 
the wing. It undoubtedly belongs to a different 

434 Professor Williston on the 


Meigen, Illiger's Mag., ii., 276, 1803. 

1. Borhorus venah'cus. (PL XIV., fig, 163, wing.) 

Borhorus venalicus, Osten Sack en, Catalogue of 
Diptera, 2nd ed., 263. — Africa, Cuba, Brazil 
(Col. Williston). 

$, $. Front deep red, blackish above; opaque, with about 
ten small silvery spots. Antennae brownish-red ; arista bare. 
Cheeks and fac