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THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



TRANSACTIONS 



OF 



THE OSSIANIC SOCIETY. 



TRANSACTIONS 



OP 



THE OSSIAMC SOCIETY, 



FOR THE YEAR 



1856, 



VOL. IV. 



tstojrtye FjsiM n u )'5\)e9\c\)Z%, 



DUBLIN; 
PRINTED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COUNCIL, 

FOR THE USE OF THE MEMBERS. 

1859. 



JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 

New York • London 
1972 




First reprinting 1972, Johnson Reprint Corporation 



Johnson Reprint Corporation Johnson Reprint Company Ltd. 
I ! 1 Fifth Avenue 24/28 Oval Road 

New York, N. Y. 10003 London, NW1 7DD, England 



F'rinted in the U.S.A. 



L2lOJi:i)e FJ21N H U )5\)&VC\)Z<U; 



OR, 



FENIAN POEMS 



EDITED BY 



JOHN O'DALY. 




DUBLIN : 

PRINTED FOR THE OSSIANIC SOCIETY, 

By JOHN O'DALY, 9, ANGLESEA-STREET. 

1850. 



%\t (Dssianit Sorietn, 



Founded on St. Patrick's Day, 1853, for the Preservation and Publi- 
cation of MSS. in the Irish Language, illustrative of the Fenian period 
of Irish History, &c, with Literal Translations and Notes. 

OFFICERS ELECTED ON THE 17th MARCH, 1858. 

^rrsifant : 

William S. O'Brien, Esq, M.R.I. A., Cahirmoyle, Newcastle West. 

23icc-;j3rf5foriit5 : 

Rev. Ulick J. Bourke, Professor of Irish, St. Jarlattis College, Tuam. 
Rev. Euseby D. Cleaver, M.A., S. Barnabas, Pimlico, London. 
John O'Donovan, LL.D., M.R.I.A., Dublin. 
Standish Hayes O'Grady, Esq., Erinayh House, Castleconnell. 

Cnunril : 

Rev. John Clarke, C.C., Louth 

Professor Connellan, Queen's College, Cork. 

Rev. Sidney L. Cousins, Bantire, Cork. 

Rev. John Forrest, D.D., Kingstown. 

Rev. James Goodman, A.B., Ardgroom, Castletown, Berehaven. 

William Hackett, Esq., Midleton, Cork, 

Rev. Patrick Lamb, P.P., Newtownhamilton. 

Michael Lysaght, Esq., Ennis. 

Michael J. Mac Carthy, Esq., Derrynanoul, Mitchelstown. 

M. M'Ginty, Esq., Brag. 

Professor John O'Beirne-Crowe, A.B., Queen's College, Galway. 

John O'Daly, Esq., O'Daly's Bridge, Kelts. 

John O'Duffy, Esq., 26, Great Brunswick-street, Dublin. 

Rev. John L. O'Flynn, O.S.F,C, Church-street Friary, Dublin. 

Rev. John O'Hanlon, C.C., 17, James's-street, Dublin. 

James O'Mahony, Esq., Bandon. 

John T. Rowland, Esq., Drogheda, and Abbey-street, Dublin. 

Andrew Ryan, Esq., Gortkelly, Castle, Borrisoleiyh. 

George Sigerson, Esq., Queen's College, Cork. 

John Windele, Esq., Blair's Castle, Cork. 

Cnmtmttre nf ^nliliratinn. 



Professor Connellan. 
Jonh 0'Donovan,LL.D.,M.R.I.A. 
Rev. John L. O'Flynn, O.S.F.C. 
Rev. James Goodman. 



Standish Hayes O'Grady, A.B. 
Key. John O'Hanlon, C.C. 
George Sigerson. Esq. 
John Windele, Esq. 



famsaxn : 

Edward Wm. O'Brien, Esq., 40, Trinity College, Dublin. 

SSunnrarq $mttan} : 

Mr. John O'Daly, 9, Anglesey-street, Dublin. 



The main object of the Society is to publish manuscripts, consisting of 
Poems, Tales, and Romances, illustrative of the Fenian period of Irish 
History; and other documents illustrative of the Ancient History of 
Ireland in the Irish language and character, with literal translations, 
and notes explanatory of the text. 

Subscriptions (5s. per annum) are received by the Treasurer, by any 
member of the Council, and by the Honorary Secretary, with whom the 
publications of the Society lie for distribution, and from whom pros- 
pectuses can be obtained. 



GENERAL RULES. 



1. That the Society shall bo called the Ossianic Society, and that 
its object shall be the publication of Irish Manuscripts relating to the 
Fenian period of our history, and other historical documents, with literal 
translations and notes. 

2. That the management of the Society shall be vested in a President, 
Vice-presidents, and Council, each of whom must necessarily be an 
Irish scholar. The President, Vice-presidents, and Council of the So- 
ciety shall be elected annually by the members, at a General Meeting, to 
be held on the Seventeenth Day of March, the Anniversary of the So- 
ciety, or on the following Monday, in case St. Patrick's Day shall fall on 
a Sunday Notice of such meeting being given by public advertisement, 
inviting all the members to attend. 

3. That the President and Council shall have power to elect a Trea- 
surer and Secretary from the Members of the Council. 

4. The receipts and disbursements of the Society shall be audited an- 
nually by two Auditors, elected by the Council; and the Auditors' Re- 
port shall be published and distributed among the members. 

o. In the absence of the President or Vice-President, the Members of 
Council present shall be at liberty to appoint a Chairman, who will not 
thereby lose his right to vote. Three members of the Council to form a 
quorum. 

G. The funds of the Society shall be disbursed in payment of expenses 
incident to discharging the liabilities of the Society, especially in the 
publication department, and no avoidable expenses shall be incurred. 

7. Every member shall be entitled to receive one copy of the Society's 
Publications ; and twenty extra copies of each work shall be printed for 
contingencies. 

8. The funds of the Society shall be lodged in Bank, in the name of 
the President, Secretary, and Treasurer of the Society, or any three 
members the Council may deem proper to appoint. 

9. The Council shall have power to elect additional members, and fill 
vacancies in its own body. 

10. Members of Council residing at an inconvenient distance from 
Dublin shall be at liberty to vote by proxy at elections. 

1 1. Membership shall be constituted by the annual payment of Five 
Shillings, which sum shall become due on the 1st of January in each 
year. 

12. The Ossiantc Society shall publish every year one volume, or 
more, if their funds enable them. 

13. No change shall be made in these Rules, except at a General 
Meeting, and at the recommendation of the Council ; the proposer and 
seconder of any motion for such change, shall lodge a notice of their 
intuition in writing, with the Secretary, twenty clear days before the 
day of General Meeting. 

14 That all matters relating to the Religious and Political differences 
i lin in this country, be strictly excluded from the meetings and 

publications of the Society, 



FI FT II A X N UAL REPORT 

ItRAD ON THE ITtll DAY OK MAItCII, 1858. 



It is now nearly six years since the Ossianic Society was ushered into 
existence by a few individuals who saw the neglected and sad state 
of the MS. literature of their country, and of that portion in particular 
known as Ossianic, which no one seemed to value. 

A meeting was held and a committee of gentlemen, Irish scholars, en- 
rolled themselves determined to commence operations in the vast field 
open before them, and try the experiment as to whether anything could 
be done in the shape of printing, and preserving from destruction the 
poetry, and legends ascribed to Oisin and Caoilte, the ancient bards of 
Fenian history. 

The result of their labours is that there are now three handsome 
volumes of Ossianic Literature rescued from distruction and in the hands 
of the members, a fourth is just ready for press and will shortly appear. 
These volumes have elicited the warm praise of the Irish as well as of 
the English press ; and the result is that there are now on the roll of the 
society, five hundred and thirty-two members. 

The Council have great gratification in announcing that during the 
past year, one hundred and five members joined the Society ; and it is 
cheering to find that such a spirit exists in behalf of their labours. 

The Council deeply regret the unavoidable delay which has occurred 
in the publication of their recent volume, " CofiurJjeacc t5h)Arirt)u&A A5ur 
5bn&l0')e," which could not be well avoided ; as the gentleman who under- 
took the editing of the book was called out of the country on business 
on various occasions, while the book was going through press ; but care 
shall be taken in future that delays of this sort shall not occur. 

The Council feel great pleasure in calling attention to the lahours of 
kindred societies formed in America and Australia. One established in 
Philadelphia under the careful management of a committee of Irishmen 
(of which we may name two most indefatigable members, John Burton 
and Patrick O'Murphy, Esqrs.), has sent the sum of fourteen pounds, the 
subscription of members for copies of our last volume. 

The Australian Celtic Association, established in Sydney, has sent 
seven pounds ten shillings, and the books are on their way. 

It is cheering to find that in these distant regions of the globe, Irishmen 
do not forget the literature of their native land ; and that they exult at 
the thought of hearing once more the poems and tales so often recited by 
the Sc.\ncu|6e, or story-teller, at their father's firesides. 

The mission of the Ossianic Society is a noble one, and the Council 
hope they will receive that support from their countrymen, which will 
enable them to preserve every fragment—no matter how small or trivial 
which may throw light on the past glories of their native land. 

With this view they come before you this day ; their labour is one of 
love for the neglected literature of their country, and they sincerely 
hope that an Iiii-h public will meet them in the same spirit. 



BOOKS PRINTED BY THE SOCIETY. 

I. Cac 5bAbriA ; or, the Prose and Poetical Account of the Battle of 
Gabhra (Garristown), in the county of Dublin, fought A.D., 283, be- 
tween Cairbre Liffeachair, king of Leinster, and the Fenian forces of 
Ireland, in which the latter were conquered, and their ranks finally 
broken up. Edited by Nicholas O'Kearney, (Out of print.)* 

II. Feir t]5e CboTjiviT) Cbinn Sble-)be ; or, The Festivities at the House 
of Conan of Ceann Sleibhe, a romantic hill which is situated on the 
borders of the Lake of Inchiquin, in the county of Clare. Edited by 
N. O'Kearney, (Out of print.) 

This document contains a colloquy between Fionn and Conan, in which much light is 
thrown on the Ancient Topography of Munster ; and also on the Habits and Customs of 
the Fenian Chieftains. 

III. Coruq5eACC t>bjAnrnut>A Ui fcbuibne A5ur Sbn^MWe, P)5i ot > Cbon- 
n)U|c tbeic a.7i%c ; or, an Account of the Pursuit of Diarrauid O'Duibhne 
and Grace, the daughter of Cormac Mac Airt, Monarch of Ireland in the 
Third Century, who was married to Fionn Mac Cumhaill, from whom 
she eloped with Diarmuid. To them are ascribed the Leaba Caillighes 
(Hags' Beds), so numerous in Ireland. Edited by Standish Hayes 
O'Grady, President of the Society. 

IV. Uoicbe FiAnnuisbeAcbcA ; or, Fenian Poems. Edited by John 
O'Daly, Honorary Secretary. 



BOOKS IN PREPARATION. 

I. ImceAcc rjA tnotn&Aitbe ; or the Departure of the Great Bardic 
Assembly, being the Introduction to the Tain Bo Chuailgne. Edited 
by Professor Connellan, from the book of 21)ac Capxais KiAbAc : a vel- 
lum MS. of the XIV. Century. In Press. 

II. Z'&w t>6 CbuAilsne ; or, the Great Cattle Spoil of Cuailgue 
(Cooley), in the county of Louth, being a History of the Seven Years' 
War between Ulster and Connaught; in the reign of Meadhbh, Queen 
of Connaught, and Conchobhar Mac Nessa, king of Ulster, on account 
of the famous bull called Donn Chuailyne ; and which terminated, ac- 
cording to Roderic O'Flaherty, the Irish chronologist, one year before 
the Christian era. To be edited by William Hackett. 

This very ancient and curious tract comprises three hundred closely-written folios, and 
contains many interesting details of Mythological Incidents, Pillar Stones, Ogham In- 
criptione, Tulachs, War Chariots, Leanan Sighes, Mice and Cat Incantations. Together 
with an account of the Mysterious War Weapon used by Cuehullainn, called Gai Bolg ,• 
also Some Account of the early Christian Missionaries in Ireland, and the privileges 
enjoyed by the chief bard. 

III. ?l5AlUri) t)A SeAtj6|w6e ; or, the Dialogue of the Sages : an His- 
torical Work in Prose and Poetry, full of rare information on the 
achievements of the Fianna Eirionn ; collated with a copy in the Book 
of Lismore, a vellum manuscript of the Fourteenth Century, by per- 
mission of his Grace the Duke of Devonshire. To be edited by John 
Windele. 

IV. Cac Pjpjij Cft*5* ; or, an Account of the Battle fought at Vcntry, 
in the county of Kerry, in the Third Century of the Christian era, be- 
tween Dairc Donn, Monarch of the World, and the Fenians. To be 
edited by the Ivev. James Goodman, A.M. 

This Battle last) tl for DOfl days; the copy al the disposal of the Society Is the earliest 
known to exist, having been copied from n vellum manuscript of tho fifteenth century, 
now deposited In the Uodlclau Library, Oxford, by the Roy. e, d. Cleaver. 

• New Editions of Vols. I. and II., now out of print, will be published 

as soon as the Council receives 'JiU names to assist in bearing the cost of 
printing. 



XI 

V. Cac ChijocA ; or, the Battle of Castleknock, in the county of 
Dublin, fought A.D. 273, between Conn Ceadchathach, i.e., Conn of the 
Hundred Battles, and the Clanna Morna ; by his victory in which, Conn 
obtained the Sovereignty of three Provinces in Ireland, viz. Connaught, 
Ulster, and Leinster. To be edited by the Rev. Thaddeds O'Mahony. 

This tract is copied from a manuscript made by John Murphy of Carrignavar, in the 
county of Cork, A.I). 1725, and from the fame of the writer as a scribe, no doubt b 
entertained of the accuracy of the text. 

VI. A TRACT ON THE TOPOGRAPHY OF IRELAND ; from 
the Psalter Mac Richard Butler, otherwise called " Saliar na Rann," 
containing the Derivation of the Names, Local Traditions, and other 
remarkable circumstances, of the Hills, Mountains, Rivers, Caves, 
Cams, Rocks, Tulachs, and Monumental remains of Pagan Ireland, 
but more especially those connected with the deeds of Fionn Mac 
Chumhaill. To be edited by Professor Connellan. 

rsalter Mac Richard Butler was originally written for Edmond, son of Richard Butler 
commonly called "Mac Richard," but on his defeat by Thomas, the eighth Earl of Des- 
mond, (who was beheaded in 14G7),near the banks of the River Suir, where great numbers 
of the Butlers' followers were drowned and slain, the book fell into the hands of this 
Thomas, and was afterwards the property of Sir George Carew, Elizabeth's President of 
Munster; but Anally came into the hands of Archbishop Laud, who bequeathed it to the 
Bodleian Library, Oxford, where it is now preserved, and the Society have permission to 
make transcripts of its contents. 

VII. A TRACT ON THE GREAT ACTIONS OF FINN MAC 
CUMHAILL, copied from the Psalter of Mac Richard Butler. To 
be edited by the Rev. Ulick J. Bourke, of St. Jarlath's College, 
Tuam.' 

VIII. A MEMORIAL ON THE DAL-CASSIAN RACE, and the 
Divisions of Thomond at the Invasion of the English, A.D. 1172 : to 
which is annexed a Short Essay on the Fenii or Standing Militia of 
Ireland ; also, Remarks on some of the Laws and Customs of the Scoti, 
or Antient Irish, by the late Chevalier O'Gorman; presented to the 
Society for publication by J. R. Joly, Esq., LL.D., Rathmines. 

These manuscripts contain a list of the several families of the Macnamaras, who were 
named from the houses or lands of inheritance they severally enjoyed ; also a list of the 
several castles iu the baronies of Bnnratty and Tulla, with the names of the persons who 
erected them. 

IX. Cnj C|tiu\5 t)A SseAlAiseAccA ; or, The Three Sorrows of Story- 
telling, which relates the tragical fate of the sons of Uisneach, the sons 
of Tuireann, and the children of Lir, who are represented to have been 
metamorphosed into swans by their stepmother, Aoife; and in that 
shape spent seven years on Sruth na Maoile Ruadh, supposed to be that 
portion of the British Channel which separates Ireland and tho Isle of 
Man. 

* This tract appears in the present volume, edited by Dr. O'Donovan. 



SOCIETIES IN CONNECTION. 



1. The Architectural and Archaeological Society of Buck- 

ingham. Rev. A. Newdigate, Aylesbury, Honorary Secretary. 

2. The Architectural Society of the Archdeaconry of Nor- 

thampton and the Counties of York and Lincoln ; and the 
Architectural and Archaeological Society of Bedford- 
shire and St Albans. Rev. H. D. Nicholson, M.A. St. 
Albans, Herts, Honorary Secretary. 

3. The Cambrian Institute. R. Mason, Esq. High-street, Ten- 

by, Treasurer. 

4. The Cambridge Antiquarian Society. Chas. C. Babington, 

Esq., M. A., Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, Treasurer. 

5. The Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. Rev. 

A Hume, D.C.L., LL.D., F.S.A., St. George's, 'Liverpool, 

Honorary Secretary. 

6 The Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland Archaeological 
Society. Rev. James Graves, A.B., and John George 
Augustus Prim, Esq., Kilkenny, Honorary Secretaries. 

7. The Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Samuel Tymms, 

Esq., F.S.A., Bury St. Edmunds, Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

8. The Society of Antiquaries of London. John Y. Akerman, 

Esq., F.S.A., Somerset House, London, Secretary. 

9. The Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. John 

Adamson, Esq., The Castle, Newcastle-upon-Tyne , Secretary. 

10. The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. John Stuart, 
Esq., General Registry House, Edinburgh, Secretary. 

11. The Surrey Arch.eological Society. George Bish Webb, 

Esq., ''», Southampton-street, Covent Garden, London, Honorary 
Secretary. 



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CONTENTS. 



Biographical Sketch 

Elliott Hudson 
Introduction . . . 



OF THE LATE WlLLIAM 



rase 



XV 

xxi 



2l5<xllAri} Ojfjt) A5iif 
PbAcftAjc . . . 
Cac ctjojc at) &|ji . 
Laoi6 2t)beAT,i3Ai6 tta 

IaT)T) t)5&ATt . 
l_AO| TT}T)A 2t)>)eATl3A|8 
T)A IaTTTT T^eAJt . 

2lr)rt)Ar)r)A tja b-p|tioii)- 

lAOCTtA8 bo't) 'p'b^ltJt) 
feO CUjC A]t CTIOC AT) 

*m 

Se^l5 LocIta L6]T) . . 
C<so|lce jto catj 

I.AOJ& 0|f]T) A|t "C]]X 
t)A TJ-05 .... 

CAOjlce JIO CAT) 

2t)AC-3!TfriTAJtCA T^ITI) 
2t)AC CuiTJU|U 



Page. 



The Dialogue between 
2 Oisin and Patrick . 3 
64 Battle of Cnoc-an-air . 65 

The Lay of Mea'rgach 
94 of the sharp spears . 95 

The Lay of the Wife 

164 of Meargach . . 165 

Names of the principal 

heroes of the Fenians 

who fell on Cnoc-an- 

194 air 195 

200 The Chase of Loch Lein 201 
226 Caoilto sang ... 226 

The Lay of Oisin on 
234 the Land of Youth 235 
280 

The Boyish Exploits of 
288 Finn Mac Cumhuill 289 



WILLIAM ELLIOTT HUDSON. 



William Elliott Hudson, tlic subject of this short sketch, the 
second son of Edward Hudson, a celebrated dentist of Dublin, was 
born at his father's country residence, Fields of Odin (now Hermi- 
tage), near Rathfarnham, in the county of Dublin, August 18th, 1796. 
He early displayed those fine qualities which afterwards caused him 
to be so much courted in society when arrived at man's estate. His 
superior talents, together with his natural thirst for knowledge, urged 
him forward, both during his school and collegiate courses, so that 
each year he distinguished himself by obtaining either premiums or 
certificates for superior answering. After he was called to the bar 
in 1818, he went the Munster Circuit, and his abilities, far beyond 
the ordinary, soon attracted attention, and brought him in brief after 
brief, so long as he continued to practice as a circuit barrister. So 
much was he admired in Cork, that such men as the late Recorder 
Waggett, Rev. Mr. Leslie, Dean Burrowes and others, were accus- 
tomed to watch the coaches, when expecting his arrival for the 
assizes in that city ; each endeavouring to anticipate the other in 
having as their guest, even for a short period, one, whose talents 
they admired, and whose pleasing and instructive conversation, 
they so highly appreciated, proceeding as it did from an intellect, 
well stored with the varied knowledge, which a widely-extended 
course of reading had supplied to a mind admirably fitted for its recep- 
tion. In the year 1836, he was appointed Assistant Barrister for the 
county of Carlow, which post he did not long continue to fill, having 



XVI 

been promoted to the situation of taxing-officer iu the common law- 
courts, which office he continued to hold until shortly before his death, 
when declining health obliged him to retire on a pension, to which 
he was entitled for his services. 

Amongst his other accomplishments, W. E. Hudson early dis- 
played a taste for music, and a musical talent of the highest order. 
That he had acquired a practical and theoretical knowledge of that 
science far beyond his compeers, was often tested ; and especially by 
Dr. Russell a highly-gifted clergyman, and himself a great theorist. 
This gentleman, aware of the acuteness of W. E. Hudson's ear in 
distinguishing sound, put him to the severest proofs, without a single 
instance of failure; this induced him to test through young Hudson 
the accuracy of a theory which he held, that every natural sound, 
such as the roaring of a furnace, the howling of the storm, thunder, 
water falling in unison, &c ; were all one and the same note, the great 
A of nature. Day after day for nearly three months Hudson accom- 
panied Dr. Russell from place to place, to catch what he called " na- 
tural sounds" ; and so elated was he with the proofs given of the per- 
fection of his own theory, that it required the utmost vigilance of his 
physicians to prevent his intellect becoming impaired. In after years 
William E. Hudson was the composer of a Te Deum, and several 
chants, none of which were ever published ; he likewise composed a 
variety of songs, some of which he sent to the press ; but his naturally 
modest and retiring habits prevented him putting himself forward, ajid 
thereby caused his fame, either as a literary character or as a musical 
composer, to have a much more limited circulation than would be ex- 
pected in the case of a person so highly gifted. When that w r ell known 
periodical, Tlie Citizen, was tottering to its fall, and had well nigh ex- 
pired, its publishers made a desperate effort to restore its vitality, by 
bringing it out, in a new form and under a new name, as the Dublin 
Monthly Magazine. In this struggle Mr. Hudson lent the assistance 
of his purse and talents, and chiefly owing to his exertions, it revived 
for a while ; besides contributing to it in a literary way, he brought out 
in it a collection of Irish airs, the finest published since the days of 
Bunting, and many of them far surpassing that eminent musician's 
in arrangement. "His affection," said the editor of the Nation 



XVII 

newspaper, " for all the remains and witnesses of Celtic civilization, 
was intensified in this instance by a deep and cultivated feeling of 
the art." * 

Mr. Hudson was a member of the principal literary and scientific 
societies of Dublin in his day, and a constant attendant at their 
council meetings : his enthusiastic love for his country led him to 
be ever forward on these occasions, aiding in whatever could throw 
light on the history and antiquities of Ireland, in forwarding and 
advancing the scientific labours and discoveries of our fellow-coun- 
trymen ; or promoting Irish literature. He was one of the original 
members of the Irish Archaeological Society founded in 1840, in 
whose publications and proceedings he took a deep interest. The 
leading object of this society was the publication of such docu- 
ments as were calculated to increase our knowledge of Irish history, 
antiquities, and topography. With him, however, its efficiency and 
utility have all but expired. Its indications of a feeble existence 
are now but few and far between. In the year 1845, the editor of the 
present volume, an enthusiastic lover of the language and antiquities 
of his country, founded the Celtic Society under the auspices of Mr. 
Hudson, who took a most active part in its organization, and sus- 
tainment. The editors of its publications were paid out of his pocket, 
whilst his mind and pen were incessantly at work in their behalf, 
to secure a favourable reception from an apathetic public. Mr. Hud- 
son was not himself the editor of any of their books, but still the 
onus of much of the work rested on him, whose judgment and in- 
tellect, well stored with historic learning, were ever ready to guide 
and assist. He revised all their books in their passage through the 
press, and to him were they indebted for much of the valuable in- 
formation which the volumes of the Celtic Society contain. The 
only portion of these works which appeared exclusively from his own 
pen was the appendix to the LeabAji i)A 5-CeAjtc ; or, Book of 
Rights, consisting of various readings selected from the Book of 
Baih-an-Mlmta (Ballymote) as compared with the text in the Book 
of Leacan, and ending with a dissertation on the peculiar sound of 

♦ The Nation, July 2nd, 1853. 



XV 111 

some of the letters of the Irish alphabet. His purse was ever 
open to promote the usefulness of the institution ; and on one oc- 
casion, a short time previous to its amalgamation with the Irish 
Archaeological Society, at a meeting held at Dr. Wilde's in Westland- 
row, he discharged a debt incurred by the council, to the amount 
of over three hundred pounds ! When Mr. John O'Daly arrived from 
Kilkenny, for the purpose of establishing the Celtic Society, Mr. 
Hudson was the first to take him warmly by the hand, and support 
his efforts. He was, in fact, the main spring of the Society, and 
owing to his exertions it attained a prominence that gave promise 
of final success. In the year 1 853 Mr. O'Daly conceived the idea 
of forming an Association for the Preservation and Publication of 
MSS. in the Irish language illustrative of the Fenian period of Irish 
History, and having consulted Mr. Hudson, then as ever foremost 
to promote every endeavour to preserve from oblivion, those docu- 
ments in which our ancestors recorded " all important events con- 
nected with their father-land;'' he received his warmest encourage- 
ment and support. A meeting was called at Anglesea-street on St. 
Patrick's day, 1853, at which was formed the Ossianic Society 
not as a rival but as an auxiliary to other similar institutions. Mr. 
Hudson took an active and lively interest in fostering it to maturity, 
and a prominent part in its proceedings during the short period of its 
existence previous to his decease. His health, however, broken down 
by frequent paralytic attacks, rendered him incapable of affording 
the Association that help which the Celtic Society had derived from 
his extensive knowledge and exertions. His death, which occurred 
on the 23rd of June, 1853, may be truly regarded as a heavy blow 
and irreparable loss to the best interests of our Society. His name 
gave it character, and the interest which he manifested in the under- 
taking assisted in bringing it into notice. 

The success of " The Library of Ireland," and of " The Spirit of 
the Nation" are in some measure due to Mr. Hudson. Indeed the 
writer of this paper, has been informed, by Mr. James Duffy, the 
publisher of these winks, that Mr. Hudson advanced three hundred 
pounds towards defraying the expenses incurred in bringing out the 
quarto edition of the latter publication. 



XIX 

To obviate the difficulties found so seriously to obstruct the 
translation of the Brehon laws, arising from the imperfect Irish 
dictionaries extant, Mr. Hudson opened a subscription, to assist in 
defraying the expense of the compilation of a work, which would 
facilitate the study of the ancient records of our country. Of this 
project the Rev. Dr. Todd thus speaks in his opening address as 
President of the Royal Irish Academy, April 14th, 1856 ; " Our 
late lamented associate Mr. Hudson, to whose patriotism the 
library of the Academy owes a valuable addition, deposited in my 
hands, before his death, the sura of £200 in government securities, 
as a contribution towards the publication of the Irish Dictionary. 
This sum with the interest since accruing upon it, which I have 
added to the principal, is all that is available in the way of funds for 
carrying out this important national object." In addition to this 
sum (we have been informed) he proposed giving a further subscrip- 
tion of £1000 ; but his demise took place before he was able to carry 
his intention into effect. " It will be one of the many permanent 
monuments of his career," — says the Nation,* " to write the 
simple truth of him will sound like the hyperbole of an epitaph. Of 
all the systematic attempts to encourage the ancient or modern lite- 
rature of Ireland, made for the last twenty years, or to create a wider 
interest in our arts, history and antiquities, one thing may always be 
safely assumed, whoever shines like a dial-plate on the front of the 
transaction, William Elliott Hudson was hard at work at the rear ; 
the organizers of it were gathered round his hospitable board ; his 
pen was slaving in its behalf; and his purse opened with a 
princely munificence to pay its way to success. His contributions 
to several, totally separate objects within the last few years 
counted to our certain knowledge, by hundreds of pounds in each 
case. And he had the singular property, in common with Davis, of 
being totally indifferent to any reputation for his share in the work, 
if only it were done. Nor was his literary enthusiasm, as it some- 
times is in this country, restricted to dead ages and institutions, for- 
swearing the future and the present." 

• Of July 2nd, 1853. 



XX 

The Council of the Ossianhc Society, fully convinced that William 
Elliott Hudson had done more for Irish literature than Sir James 
Ware for its antiquities, and being desirous to pay the best tribute 
of respect in their power to the memory of one who took so deep an 
interest in their affairs, whilst it pleased a wise Providence to spare 
him among them, employed Mr. Geary the eminent photographer, 
whilst residing in Grafton-street in 1857, to take a likeness of his bust 
by the celebrated sculptor Christopher Moore, which Mr. Hudson's 
brothers generously presented to the Eoyal Irish Academy. " It is an 
admirable piece of sculpture, and having been taken during his life- 
time, before struggling with ill health, it conveys much of his 
character, — the clear brow of silent speculation, and the delicate lip 
of cultivated taste ; the full beaming eye, was beyond all sculpture."* 

To the Council of the Royal Irish Academy, the Council of the 
Ossiaxic Society owe a debt of gratitude, for their kindness in per- 
mitting Mr. Geary to take the photograph, and they avail themselves 
of this opportunity to return their heartfelt thanks to that learned 
body. This photograph has been cut in wood by the eminent engraver 
Mr. William Oldham of Bedford House, Rathgar, and will in future 
ornament the title pages of the Transactions of the Ossianic Society ; 
it is but a small token of the esteem and regard that they still, and 
must ever cherish for the memory of the man — William Elliott 
Hudson. 

• The Nation, July 2nd, 1853. 
Dublin, March 1st, 1859. 



INTRODUCTION. 




EOM the most reliable and 
best accredited documents re- 
specting the ancient Irish hand- 
ed down to us, it appears certain 
that, not only the monarchy itself 
but likewise all posts of honor 
and profit, had become heredi- 
tary in different septs and fami- 
lies. Purity of blood was held, of 
course, a national object of the 
first importance ; and the lite- 
rati, therefore, the conservators 
of historical evidence, were regarded as of the 
highest authority; as they alone could prove the 
descent and determine the rank and station of 
the people ; hence the necessity of the great 
number of antiquaries, whom we find supported 
by national endowments. The monarch and the 
provincial kings, as well as the nobility and the 
state officers of the crown, being alike of the 
royal line of Milesius, great care was taken 
of their genealogy and descent; and every 
candidate for these various offices was obliged 
to give: — 1st. proof of descent; Sndly, of 
his having been a knight, (for in each of the provinces there 




XX11 



waa an equestrian order) ; 3rdly, that he had no remarkable 
deformity or blemish ; so that his person might command 
respect, suitable to his birth and education. No wonder, 
then, that the genealogies of the different families of the 
kingdom, of the Milesian race, were preserved with the 
utmost care. To secure the literati from any temptation 
to abuse their trust, honorable provision was made for them 
by the state. From their rank they were presumed to be 
beyond the reach of corruption ; and the Jaws secured their 
persons and properties inviolate ; so that, from the founda- 
tion to the overthrow of the monarchy, a single instance 
does not occur of any violence being offered to this body of 
men. Abuses, however, gradually crept into the bardic 
institution, mainly arising from the number of idlers who 
enlisted themselves under its banner ; during two or three 
successive reigns the kingdom was found to be greatly im- 
poverished by their exactions, until it was found necessary 
to reduce the number. 

Though the monarchy as well as all other posts of honor, 
was elective, yet, to prevent as much as possible, any in- 
conveniences which litigated elections might produce, the 
successor of the monarch was appointed in his lifetime, and 
was called Righdhomhna, and this, it is observable, is at this 
day, we believe, the practice in China and other foreign 
countries. The Ollamhs or Doctors in the various sciences, 
who were of the most noble families, had also their successors 
declared in their own lifetime ; and he that was to fill the 
post of honor, or have command in the state, had his Tan- 
aiste appointed to succeed him in office. This arrange- 
ment prevented the evils of incompetency occasionally 
arising from direct lineal succession. 

The provincial kings in their own position, were equal to 
the monarch in his exalted station. Each had his order of 
chivalry, of which he was himself the chief, lie had his 



XXU1 

Ard-draoi or high priest, to superintend religion, his mar- 
shal, standard-bearer, chief-treasurer, &c, all these ap- 
pointments were hereditary in families, to which the most 
distinguished alone in each was chosen by election. 

The different military forces of the kingdom were the 
particular guards of each province. They were a species of 
standing militia, composed of trained bands called Curaidhe 
(champions), an order of knighthood into which none were 
admitted without exhibiting unexceptionable proofs of birth, 
learning, generosity, valour, and activity. 

The particular militia or knights of every province held 
their head-quarters, or were located near the residence of 
their chiefs : thus the militia, or knights of Ulster, called 
Curaidhe-na-Craoibhe-Ruaidhe (champions or heroes of the 
Red Branch), were stationed at the Royal Fort at Eamhuin 
(Emania), near Armagh. They were of the Rudrician 
race, and were commanded in the reign of Conchobhar Mac 
Nessa, by the famous champion Cuclmllin 1 , who, accord- 
ing to the annals of Clonmacnoise, and the Chronicon Sco- 
torum, died in the second year of the Christian era ; and was 
succeeded in command by his cousin Conall Cearnach. 

Vestiges of the ancient palace of Eamhuin, or Emania, 

1 At the time that Cuchullin was chief of the knights of Ulster, in the 
reign of Conchobhar Mac Nessa, (a celebrated prince of the Rudrician 
race, king of Ulster, and monarch of Ireland), Conrigh Mac Daire, a 
renowned champion, and chief of the Clanna Deaghaidh in Munster, 
was treacherously slain by Cuchullin, in revenge of an indignity 
which Conrigh offered him, by cutting off his hair when asleep, and 
taking from him the object of their contention — the beautiful Blanaid, a 
lady whom they brought captive from Scotland. She showed greater at- 
tachment to Cuchullin than to Conrigh, and consequently contrived for 
him an opportunity of perpetrating a horrid and treacherous murder in 
the palace of Cahirconry, the ruins of which are still extant on Sliabh 
Mis in Kerry, near which runs the rivulet called Fionn-Ghlaise. For a 
fuller account of this transaction, see Keatiny'a Ireland, and Smith's 
Kerry, p. 156, &c. 



XXIV 



and of the house of Craoibh Ruadh (Red Branch), adja- 
cent to the palace are still extant, two miles to the west of 
Armagh, the site retaining the name of the fort of Navan. 

The militia or knights of Leinster, were called Curaidhe 
Ghamhanruighe, or the Damnonians of Gailian, seated at 
Dun Aellinne, about twelve miles south-east of Almhuin, 
the place of their head-quarters in that province previous 
to the time of Fionn's appointment to this post of honour. 
On his receiving the command, he removed with his force 
to Almhuin, a place in the county of Kildare, bordering on 
Hy-Failghe, now Ophaly, which with the adjoining territory 
he possesses in right of his mother, Murrain Munchaoimh 
(the fair haired), daughter of Teige Mac Nuadhat. Here 
he fixed his seat on the far famed hill of Almhuin as a 
more central point ; and the knights of Leinster were from 
thenceforth called Curaidhe na h-Almhuine, or the heroes 
of Almhuin. 1 

The militia or knights of Connaught, whose chiefs were 
the Clanna Morna, of the old Belgian or Firbolg race, have 
been distinguished by the appellation of Curaidhe Iorrais 
Dun Domhnainn ; a territory in the county of Mayo, their 
head quarters. The ruins of the Fort of Dun Domhnainn 
are still extant in Iorras or Erris, the most western part 
of that county. Goll Mac Morna, according to 0' Flaherty 
(see Ogygid), commanded the Clanna Morna, at the famous 
battle of Magh Lena, A. D.192, and was detached by Conn Ccd- 
chathach as the most able and expert champion to oppose in 
person his great competitor Mogh Nuadhat. In that engage- 
ment Conan Mac Morna, who is said to have been the grand- 
son of Goll, commanded the Clanna Morna in turn ; and ever 
since the fall of Fionn Ua Baoiscne, A.D. 283, at Rath Bre- 

• Almhuin. The ruins of the fort of Almhuin are still extant on the 
west end of the Curragh of Kildare; and what we corruptly call the 
" Bog of Allen" at this day, was formerly the forest of Almhuin, in 
which the knights were accustomed to enjoy the pleasures of the chase. 



XXV 

ogha, near the Boyne, by the treacherous hands of Athlach 
Mac Duibhdrein, had frequent contentions with the Clanna 
Baoiscne for the captain -generalship of the Fians. 

The defection of the Clanna Morna from the rest of their 
corps at the battle of Gabbra, may be attributed not only to 
their rivalry for the general command, but also, and more 
particularly to the murder of Conan, their late captain, 
by the Clanna Baoiscne or Fianna Finn. In many epic 
poems written by the bards on the achievements of the 
Fianna Eireann, this Conan is indiscriminately described by 
the appellations of Conan Maol Mallachtach Mac Morna, 
and Conan Mac Garraidhe, and might have been brother to 
Aedh the son of Garadh, the son of Neamen, the son of 
Morna, from whom the Clanna Morna were named. He 
was then king of Connaught, and the last of the Firbolg 
race who governed that province. 

The militia, or knights of Desmond, or South Munster, 
were called Curaidhe Clanna Deaghaidh, or Ua Deaghaigh, 
a tribe of the Ernaidhs, of the Heremonian race, who, on 
being expelled from Ulster by the Clanna Rughraidhe, 
obtained a principality in South Munster. 1 These, some 
time before the birth of Christ, obtained great power in 
Munster under their leader Deaghadh, who afterwards 
became king of that province. His posterity succeeded 
him in power, in West Munster particularly, and were 
the champions of Desmond. The territory of Luachair Dea- 
ghaidh, in the county of Kerry, was their patrimony. There 
still remain on the western extremity of Sliabh Mis, the 
foundations of an enormous cyclopean structure, supposed 
to be the palace begun by Conrigh Mac Daire, whose history 
we have briefly glanced at. This part of the mountain com- 
mands, perhaps, one of the finest prospects in the world, and 
still retains the name of Cathair Chonrigh. Fionghlaise, as 

1 Vide O'Flaherty's Ogygia, vol. II., pp. 142, 143. 



XXVI 

already stated, runs down the steep hill on which this ruin 
is based, and discharges itself into the bay of Tralee, a short 
distance to the north, corresponding exactly with the de- 
scription given by history of the fort of Dun Deaghaidh. 
Mac Luigheach, a famous champion of this sept, command- 
ed the Clanna Deaghaidh at the battle of Gabbra, and was 
slain in that engagement, according to the annals of Innis- 
fallen. 

The militia, or knights of Thomond or North Munster, 
were the Clanna Baoiscne, 1 so called from Baoiscne, their 
principal ancestor, who, according to the Book of Ballimote, 
now deposited in the library of the Royal Irish Academy, 
was the second son of Nuada Necht of the royal race 
of Leinster, and fifth direct ancestor of Fionn the son of 
Cumhall, the son of Treanmor, the son of Salt, the son of 
Elton, the son of Baoiscne. 

Fionn soon afterwards received the investiture of For- 
maoil na bh-Fian, a district in Hy-Kinsellagh, 2 concerning 
which there has been much conjecture, by the donation of 
his cousin and relative Fiachadh Baiceadha, 3 then king of 
Leinster and youngest son of Cathaoir Mor. The Clanna 
Baoiscne were also called Fianna Finn, whilst Fionn Ua 
Baoiscne was their leader and before he took the general 
command. Oisin the son of Fionn was their chief at the 
battle of Gabhra, in which his son Oscur fell in an ambush, 
laid for him by Cairbre LifFeachair, monarch of Ireland, 
A.D. 277. 

It is probable that, inasmuch as Ireland was in these early 
days much exposed to the descents of African and Northern 
pirates, a strong necessity existed for the formation of these 

1 Clanna Baoiscne. For further particulars of this tribe and their 
territory, see leabAtt rjjk 5-Cearic (Book of Rights), p. 48, n. g. 

2 Hy Kinsellagh. Ibid, p. 208, n. g. 

J Fiachadh Baiceadha. See Book of Rights, pp. 200, 20JJ. 



XXV11 

corps of militia — one in each province, which Pinkerton lms 
ingeniously conjectured, may have been modelled on the 
plan of the Roman legions in Britain. According to the 
Cath Fhinn-tragha, their stations were distributed along the 
coasts, in the most elevated and inaccessible positions ; and 
in distant view of each other — so as to communicate by 
signals, the approach of an enemy, and thereby enable 
them to come to the succour and relief of the fort invaded. 
Thus, the forts of Iorras Dun Domhnainn in Mayo, and of 
Cahir Conrigh on Sliabh Mis, in Kerry, though the distance 
cannot be less than 100 miles were made available ; and the 
one at Eas Aedh Ruaidh mhic Badharn, (now Assaroe),near 
Bally shannon, in the county of Donegal, wherein was always 
posted a strong detachment of the Ulster militia, was brought 
in view of that of Iorras Dun Domhnainn. These were the 
coasts most exposed to the southern and northern invaders. 
But besides this duty as " coast guards," these military 
orders were charged with the preservation of "law and order" 
in the interior of the country ; they were bound to send 
certain detachments yearly to protect the persons of their 
respective kings. Thus, the guards of Eoghan Mor, were 
called teaghlach, or household troops. Cormac Mac Airt, 
whose reign shines so refulgent in Irish history, had for his 
body-guards, one hundred and fifty of the principal knights 
of the kingdom, besides one thousand household troops to 
guard his palace. The guards of the kings of Munster, 
or Leath Mhogha, were the people of Ossory, whose coun- 
try formed the extreme boundaries of that kingdom ; and 
according to the Book of Rights, ascribed to St. Benignus, 
we find the duty imposed on this people, by the king of 
Munster was to wait on him constantly, with a certain num- 
ber of armed troops. The guards of the king of Desmond, 
or South Munster, were the Clanna Deaghaidh, as has been 
already stated, and those of the kings of Thomond, or 



XXV111 

North Munster, were a detachment of the Clanna Baoiscne ; 
but in latter times for these were substituted the Dal Cais, 
a most intrepid body of men. The palace of Brian Boroimhe 
at Killaloe was called Tigh Chinn Coradh, or the house 
at the head of the weir. It was the duty of the heredi- 
tary standard-bearer to preserve the royal banner ; to be 
amongst the foremost of the troops in action, and in the 
rear on a retreat — for the troops ever kept their eye on the 
standard, and when the prince was killed (for he seldom 
or ever survived a defeat), the standard was struck, which 
was the signal for a retreat : thus, in the sanguinary battle 
of Magh Mucruimhe, fought between the monarch Art and 
Mac Con ; on the death of Art we are told by the poet : — 

<<( Do cu^c tueiftje c<\c<v Cbu]T)b." 
Conn's battle standard fell. 

Next to this officer sat the hereditary treasurer, whose duty 
it was to see the king's contributions and taxes regularly 
paid ; which was always done on the first of November. 
These taxes were fixed, and a register kept of them ; so that 
the particular duties, imposed on the different portions of 
the kingdom, may be the more easily known. 1 

Besides these state officers, there were a chief justice or 
brehon, to expound the laws, a poet or ollainh, an historian, 
antiquary, physician, surgeon or liagh, and chief musi- 
cian ; and three stewards of the household with their at- 
tendants constantly residing at court. All these different 
offices were retained in Ulster, and in parts of Munster 
and Connaught, until the accession of James I. to the 

• In the reign of Cuchorb, king of Leinster, in the first century, 
Laighsech, of the progeny of Conall Cearnach, progenitor of the present 
O'Moras, or O'Mores, obtained from that king a territory, in Leinster, i.e. 
Laoighis or Leix, called after him, on account of his personal bravery 
and services. He was at the same time appointed treasurer of Leinster, 
and privileged to take the fourth place at the council board. 



XXIX 



throne of England : thus, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
Anno 1601, O'Neill, Prince of Ulster, visited London, in 
consequence of a promise made by him the previous year 
to the Queen ; and Camden tells us that " he appeared at 
court with his guards of Gall-oglachs [Gallowglasscs] bare- 
headed, armed with hatchets, their hair flowing in locks 
on their shoulders, on which were yellow shirts dyed with 
saffron, with long sleeves, short coats, and thrum jackets; 
at which strange sight the Londoners marvelled much." 

The hereditary marshals of Ulster were the O'Gallaghers ; 
the Mac Cafferies the standard-bearers ; the Mac Sweenys 
captains of the guards, and the O'Gnives the poets. 

The hereditary marshals of Leinster were the O'Connors, 
princes of Ui Fhailge ; the standard-bearers were the 
O'Gormans or Mac Gormans, princes of Hy Mairge or 
Margy; the O'Dempsys, lords of Clanmalier, were the 
captains of the guards ; the Mac Keoghs were the historio- 
graphers ; the O'Dorans the brehons ; and the O'Mores 
were the hereditary treasurers. 

The hereditary marshals of Connaught were the Mac 
Dermods ; the 'Flaherties were the standard-bearers ; the 
O'Kellys of Hy Many were the treasurers; the Maelconaires 
the historiographers, 1 &c. We do not find who the other state 
officers were ; but the Mac Firbises were the physicians. 

The hereditary marshals of Desmond, or South Mun- 
ster, were the O'Keeffes ; the O'Falveys were the admirals ; 
for we find in "Toraigheacht Cheallachain Chaisil," an- 
nounced for publication by the Irish Archaeological and 
Celtic Society, that the fleet was commanded by Failbhe 
Fionn. We do not find who the standard-bearer and trea- 
surer were ; but the Mac Egans were the hereditary chief 

1 See a paper on the Inauguration of Cathal Crobhdhearg, king of 
Connaught, A.D. 1244, published in the Transactions of the Kilkenny 
Archaeological Society for 1853, in which all these offices are noticed. 



XXX 

justices or brehons, the O'Daly's the poets, and the O'Cal- 
lanans the physicians, in which family leechcraft is still 
a favorite profession. 

The hereditary marshals of Thomond, or North Munster, 
were the Mac Namaras ; the standard-bearers the O'Deas, 
and the O'Gradys were the captains of the guards until 
about A.D. 1200, at which time they were succeeded in 
that trust by the O'Gormans or Mac Gormans, who, being 
compelled by the Danish or English invaders to abandon 
their principality of Hy-Mairge in Leinster, removed to 
Owney and Shingal in the county of Limerick, from whence 
they were invited to Ibh Breacain (now Ibricane), and were 
granted that lordship under feudal tenure by Donogh Cair- 
breach 'Brian, king of Thomond, who appointed them 
captains of his guards, and adopted them as his chief favorites 
and counsellors, by the style and title of *Fi\i 5P&8 U] 
BbwAir), by which appellation they are constantly styled 
in our annals, and in the writings of the Mac Brodins, 
historiographers of Thomond. Cumheadha (Covey) Mor 
Mac Gormain was, according to Seaan Mac Rughraidhe 
Mac Craith, (see Caithreim Thoirdhealbhaidk, or Triumphs 
of Turlogh), one of Donogh O'Brien's Life Guards in the 
wars of Thomas de Clare in Thomond, and his son Cumh- 
eadha, succeeded him after his death in 1310. 

The Mac Clanchies were the hereditary chief justices or 
brehons of Thomond, the Mac Craiths the historiographers 
and poets. The O'Nealons and the O'Hickies were the 
hereditary physicians. All these public officers of the 
state had sufficient estates allotted to them for their main- 
tenance. 

In the Book of Ballimote, it is stated that Nuada 
Neacht, who reigned monarch of Ireland one year, was 
the fourth son of Setna Sithbhaic (the peaceable) son of 
Lughaidh Loithfinn, the progenitor of the royal Lagenian 



XXXI 



race, and second son of Breasal Breac, or the speckled. 
From this Nuada Neacht is descended the stock of the 
Lagenians ; he was king of Tara : and it was he who slew 
Eidirsgeoil Mor, or the Great, the son of the descendant 
of Iarnaillin, which deed he committed in opposition to 
Lughaidh Eiamhdhearg, and thereupon he became king of 
Ireland. From the aforesaid Nuada Neacht descended 
Fionn Ua Baoiscne and the celebrated Caoiltc Mac Ronain. 
For Finn's pedigree see page 285. 

Some of our Scottish antiquaries have sought from the 
mere name to represent Fionn as of Scandinavian or rather 
Finnish origin ! but the attempt is so devoid of proof or 
evidence, as to be worthy merely of notice as an ingenious 
paradox. His death occurred, according to the annals 
of Innisfallen, in A.D. 283, in the fourth year of the 
reign of Cairbre Liffeachair, when, says our veracious 
chronicler, fell the celebrated general of the Irish militia, 
Fionn the son of Cumhall, by the treacherous hand of a 
fisherman named Athlach, son of Dubhdrenn, who slew 
him with his fishing spear at Rath Breogha, near the Boyne, 
whither he had retired in his old age to spend the remainder 
of his life in tranquillity from the noise and tumult of war. 

The collection of poems, which forms the present volume, 
are taken from copies made b} 7 ' the following scribes : — 

The Agallamh is taken from a copy made in 1780 by a 
Mr. Laurence O'Foran, who kept a village school at Kil- 
leen, near Portlaw, in the county of Waterford. It con- 
tains besides, many other interesting poems and prose 
matters relative to the Fenian period of our history. 

The battle of Cnoc-an-air, or Hill of Slaughter, was 
taken from a large volume compiled about the year 1812, 
by Clare scribes, for the Rev. Thomas Hill, of Cooreclure, 
a member of our Societ}' ; it now belongs to Mr. Blake 
Foster of Knockmoy, county of Galway, who kindly lent 



xxxn 

it, with permission to make any use the Society required 
of its contents. Those that follow were taken from a ma- 
nuscript volume of Fenian poems made in 1844, by Mr. 
Martin Griffin, an intelligent blacksmith who resides at 
Kilrush in the county of Clare. The poem entitled Tir 
na n-Og, or Land of Youth, is accounted for by Mr. 
O'Looney ; and Dr. O'Donovan has said all that was ne- 
cessary regarding the curious and valuable tract which he 
has, suo more, himself so ably edited. 

In conclusion, we feel it our duty, ere we close, to tender 
the warmest thanks of the Society to the President and 
Council of the Koyal Irish Academy, for the facility they 
have afforded us in collating our proofs with their valuable 
collection of manuscripts, whilst our book was passing 
through the press : also to the Committee of Publication, 
for their kindness in revising the same. 

The English reader will excuse the style, consequent 
upon our being obliged to adhere as closely as the idioms 
of the English language would admit to our originals ; and 
although the translation may be occasionally a little rugged 
and uneven — yet, on close comparison with the original, it 
will, we think, be found a faithful and correct rendering. 

JOHN O'DALY. 

Dublin, March Mth, 1859. 



ivojz\)e ?)vnnu)'5\)&vcx)'cvi. 



2l52ai2i2t)t) OJSJN 215US PtjSltRSlJC, 




SJN If p AbA bo fuAl), 

^miS r u *r *'r ^irc An c-fAirn; 

bo C]t^i5 cu b0 lui 'y bo neAnc, 
5|6 cu]nceA cac a'j* 3leo 3Anb. 

130 cjt£|3eAf rrjo luc 'p "K> rjeAnc, 
6 tjac njAineAnn cac A5 p]or>n ; 

Annp ai? 3-d§i|t t>i'i mo rp^ir^ 

ceol bA &]f t)i b^rjr) l]orrj. 



P. M| cuaIa cu c6rt)-n)Aic bo ceol, 1 

6 cup ai? bott)A^T) '5U1* At)iu5 ; 
5)8 cao] AnrA&, A]tb3lic, l]Ac, 

IX n?A]C bO |t|AUpA cl|Aft AU C1JOC. 

O. <t)o njAnAmnri cl]A|t ah ctjoc, 

a Pl)Ac|tAic ]X bocc nut); 
yy n)A|]t3 &u|c bo cAjt) tno cnuc, 
a'f tjAC b-puA|tAf 3UC An b-cujf. 

1 Ceol, music. The musical instruments peculiar to the ancient Irish 
were the harp and bagpipes. The Dord Mann was used on hunting 
excursions, and may be considered the Fenian horn of the chase, like 
the hunter's horn of our own day ; but it must be looked upon as a 
rery simple musical instrument, inasmuch as it was only adapted 
for the above purpose. But it is believed by Scanchuidhes or reciters 



THE DIALOGUE OF OISIN AND PATRICK. 




ISIN ! long is thy slumber, 
Rise up and hear the psalm ; [thee, 
Thy agility and valor have forsaken 
Though thou didst engage in battles and 
fierce conflicts. 



0. I have lost my agility and strength, 

Since no battalion survives to Fionn ; 
In the clerics is not my pleasure, 
Music after him is not sweet to me. 

P. Thou hast not heard music equally good, 

Since the beginning of the world until this day ; 
Tho' thou art aged, silly, and grey [haired], 
Well wouldst thou attend a host on a hill. 

0. I used to attend a host on a hill, 

Patrick of the morose disposition ; 
111 it becomes thee to traduce my form, 
As I have never been aspersed till now. 

of Fenian tales that the Dord was also used as a war-trumpet to summon 
the Fenian chiefs to battle. We are not aware that any specimen of it 
is preserved in our national museums. For a learned dissertation on 
ancient Irish musical instruments, see Cambrensis Eversus, Vol. I., Ch. 
IV., edited by the Rev. M. Kelly, D.D., for the Celtic Society. 



4 

O, <Do cuaUj- cool bA bjijrje t)A bup 3-ceel, 

51& rr>6rt rvol&y cu au cl|<vp ; 
f5AlcA|ii;Ac lo]t) LeitfteAc Lao], 1 
Y avj ^ao]6 bo 5i)j8 at? <Doftb 7~bl^t)t>- 

SrnolAC fto-b|V)T) 5leAt)t)A S3A1I, 2 

\)b 1170113 A^jt t)A rrj-bA^tc A5 buATi) rie cpA|5 ; 
bA b]i)i;e \\ort) crio^b tjA 5-cot), 
t;A too fSoV-fA, a cle||tj3 ca|8. 

Cpu 3 bcifteofl, Ci)u trjo cu||ip, 
ai; c-aBac bcA3 bo bj A3 "Fiovm) ; 
At) uAjjt bo f-qiwcAb cu]ri a'|* pu||ic, 
bo cujfteAb f]i)t) a b-coTftcirt) piA^i). 

BUcijA^b At) itrjeAi) 63, 

i?ac b-cu3 rt)6ib b'peAjt £AOi 'i) T)-3ft&1i) ; 

acc ArbA]i) bo Cbr>u be]|ieoil, 

oc ! a PbAtjiAic, bA b]vv a beAl ! 

21t) bA 3AbA^t b&A3 bo b] A3 "p]Ot)tj, 
'i) uaiji bo le]3q ]Ab y:o TjleAtji) Kac ; 4 
bA b|i}t)e t)A AbbA C]U|l, 
']* a t)-A3A|8 o'o c-Siuip 5 ATOAC. 

1 SoaIcatiijac loji) leicneAc Iaoj, the song of the blackbird 0/ Letter Lee. 
The blackbird, the thrush, the seagull, the eagle and the raven, are the 
birds most often commemorated by the Fenian muse. The njiol rtjuise 
(cur hare), the n A *> riu.\6, or red deer, the buck and doe, the cone, or 
wild boar, and the efi aUca, or V aoI.cu, the wolf, were the objects of 
their chase. Letter Lee is not yet identified. 

2 SleAtjn At) S5A1I, i.e., the gl&n or vale of Seal. In the Miscellany of 
the Celtic Society, p. 24, the following note appears : — 

" Seal linlbh, i.e., Seal the Stammerer. O'Flahcrty says that Bania, 
daughter of Seal Balbh, king of Finland, was the Queen of Tuathal 
Teachtmhar, monarch of Ireland, A. D. 130. A personage of the same 
11; rae seems to have flourished in Ireland, from the many places named 
after him, as Gleann-an-Scail in the county of Antrim, Lcac-an-Scail, 
a great Cromleac in the county of Kilkenny, and Lcacht-an-Scail, i.e., 
8 al's monument, in the barony of Corcaguiny, county of Kerry." 

There is also 5b»At)tj an ScajI, and ¥lb>\it)t) At) ScajI, about ten miles 
west of Dingle. leAcc At) ScajI is still in existence. By accenting the 
letter a in the word ScA|l these localities would mean the glen of the 
Bhadc or shadow. 



0. I have heard music more melodious than your music, 
Tho' greatly thou praisest the clerics ; 
The song of the blackbird of Letter Lee, 
And the melody which the Dord Fiann made. 

The very sweet thrush of Gleann-a-sgail, 

Or the dashing of the barks touching the strand ; 
More melodious to me was the cry ot the hounds, 
Than of thy schools, chaste cleric. 

Little Cnu, Cnu of my heart, 
The small dwarf who belonged lo Fionn : 
When he chaunted tunes and songs, 
He put us into deep slumbers. 

Jilathnaid, the youthful maid, 

Who was never betrothed to man under the sun, 

Except to little Cnu alone, 

0, Patrick, sweet w T as her mouth. 

The twelve hounds which belonged to Fionn, 
When they were let loose through Glen Rath ; 
Were sweeter than musical instruments, 
And their face outwards from the Suir. 

3 Cnii. Dr. O'Donovan says that Cnu was taken by Fionn near a 
Silk (a fairy haunt) in Magh Feimhean, an extensive plain situated near 
Siiabh-na-m-ban in the county of T ipperary, (see leAbAn 'J.\ 5-CeAnc, 
Book of Rights, p. 18, note b), and that he was scarcely tail enough to 
reach the strings of the harp. From the frequent allusion made to him 
in Ossianic Poetry, in connection with Fionn, he seems to have been his 
chief musician, by whose soothing strains the Fenians were lulled into 
deep and heavy slumbers. Cnu or Cno, also signifies a nut or kernel ; and 
one of the prettiest ballads ever written by the late Edward Wash, was 
entitled " Mo Chraoibhin Cno" (my cluster of nuts) commencing thus :_ 
" My lie-art is far from Liffey's tide. 
And Publin town ; 
It strays beyond the Southern side 

Of Cnoc Maul Donn : 
Where Ceapa Chuinn hath woodlands green, 
Where Ahhuin Mlior's waters flow ; 
Where dwells unsung, unsought, unseen, 

Mo riiraoihhin Cno. 
Low clustering in her leafy green. 

Mo Chraoibhin Cno." 



6 
O. T><x H>&aI beA5 ^Artj-fA Aft prjiOTjT), 

X)\ TlAbATTJAfl AT)T) ACC Cli]3 f jTl b<JA3 J 

bo 5AbAri7A|t ]ti3 SA3f at) o* b-pleA6, 

Y bo cu]rieArt)Ari cac ajti ^115 3p^3. 

<t)o 5AbATTjA]t At) Jr)b]A rrjott, 

bA TTJOft ATI T)eA|tC A5U|* ATI b-CTieAT) J 
CTl]OC 1.0clAlT)T) 'f AT) Jt)b]A fO|ft, 

bo C13 a 3-cuib 6|Ti 30 ceAC ^f\)\r)X). 

"CU5 f© T)AO] 5-CACA fAtl SpAjlJ, 

Y TJAOJ b-p]CC]b CAC A T)-BfT«1T)t) Ulll ; 
T)]'l 6't) C-fJtUC 'iJATl bA^fCeAb C^OTT, 

Dac b-c^eAb a 5-ciof 50 ceAC "pbft)r>. 

"Cu5 f© OCC 5-CACA fAT) SpA|T) ceAf, 

a'j* AiTibTt]5 1,ocIa|T)T) aiti lAirb le||* ; 
if be acc bo b] at) borbAT) f A r)A c]Of, 
if e bA Ti]5 A||t ad T)-3|tei5 bis. 

« SleAnn Rac, Glen of the Ratht. Not traceable in the Four Masters, 
nor in the publications of the Irish Archaeological Society. 

8 S|U|ri, the river Suir. This river has its source in Sliabh Ailduin, 
better known as Greim an Diabhail, (the Devil's Bit mountain), in 
the county of Tipperary. It takes a circuitous rout by Thurles, Holy- 
cross, Caher, Ardfinan, Clonmel, Carrick-on-Suir, and Waterford ; 
and, being joined by the rivers Nore and Barrow, An Fbeoifi asut an 
l^earibA (hence the appellation «' Sister Rivers"), at Cheek Point, six 
miles below Waterford, falls into the British Channel. Donnchadh Ruadh 
Mac Conmara, a Munster Poet of great celebrity, describes its waters 
thus, (see Poets and Poetry of Munster, p. 48) ; — 

' ' Uirse t)A Slum© A5 bTiuccafe 'ha f I65A1&, 
Coir bAt)-cno|c G|TieAnn O15." 

While the waves of the Suir, noble river ! ever flow, 
Near tho fair Hills of Eire, O ! 

The poet Spenser, in his Faerie Queen, describes the scenery of these 
rivers (with which wc happen to be familiarly acquainted), thus. See 
Book IV., Canto XL, Verse XLIII. : — 

'• The first, tho gentlo Shurc, that making way 
By sweet Clonmell, adornea rich Waterforde ; 

The noxt, the stubborne Newro, whoso waters gray. 
By fair Kilkenny and Rosaoponte boord , 



0. I have a little story respecting Fionn, 
We were but fifteen men ; 
We took the king of the Saxons, of the feasts, 
And we won a battle against the king of Greece. 

We conquered India, the great, 

Great was our strength and our might ; 
The country of Lochlin and eastern India, 
Their tribute of gold comes to the bouse of Fionn. 

He fought nine battles in Spain, 

And nine score battles in noble Erin ; 

There is no country from the river in which Christ 

was baptised, 
Whose tribute did not come to the house of Fionn. 

He fought eight battles in southern Spain, 
And Lochlin's chief king was his captive ; 
Full wholly the world was under tribute to him, 
'T was he was king of Minor Greece. 

The third, the goodly Barow, which'doth hoord 
Great heapes 8f salmones in his deepe bosome; 

All which long sundred, doe at last accord 
To ioine in one, ere to the sea they come. 
So flowing all from one, all one at la9t become." 

Spenser must be in error when attributing the same source to these 

rivers; as the Barrow rises in Sliabh Bladhma in the Queen's County. 

But we must presume he followed Giraldus Cambrensis— he being the 

only writer on Irish history who fell into this mistake. See Haliday's 

Keating, p. 29, Dub. 1809. Cambrensis Eversus, Vol. I., p. 123. This 

river formed a fruitful theme for the Munster Poets of the last century ; 

and Eoghan Ruadh O'Suilliobhain, a native of Sliabh Luachra in Kerry, 

who died A.D. 1784, and is buried at Nohoval near Mill-street, wrote a 

very beautiful Jacobite ballad to the air of Caiseall Mumhan, in which 

he introduces it thus : — 

"?r)A|&ion briuccA le b-A]r t)A Sium© 'r n>e 50 cati^c-Us faoi)." 
Beside the Suir on a dewy morning I was feebly laid. 

and a street ballad, which is very popular in Munster, commencing thus : — 
" The very first day I left Carrick, 
Was the twenty-ninth day of last June." 

describes its scenery most graphically. 



8 

O. StJ^IPS &Arf)f<v b'pAT) bA 6]f, 

'T 5 ai ? ">° TT&ir * 5-cluicce 'ij* 3-ceol ; 

Alt) 8ot)A1) Cjtjoi) bAjcle A1) C-fluA|5, 

bAtt) if c^iuAj bo bejc bed ! 

Jf CflUAS, A Pb^C|tA]C, A1) f5&Al, 

me be^c cAjt §^ t)A b-peAji 50 p At)t) ; 
A3 ejfceAcc fie cIjaji 'f CI03, 

Y me Ati) feAt)6|fi bocc 6aII. 

<t>A Tt7Al|tfeA& 7^01)1) A3Uf At) "pblAIJ, 

bo c|i6i3nv!7n C W *'t cl °i3; 

bo leAi)pA|T?ij At? jqAb po't) t)-3leAi)i), 

Y bA ri)|At) l|ott) b|te|c aji a cojf. 

jAflft, A PbACjtAjC, OeAtt) Afl <t>blA, 

b"pb]ot)t) da b-"F|At)D 'f b& cU]t)t) ; 
beAtj 3uj8e aji At) b-flAjc, 

Y V*c 3-cuaIa8 a cotb-tt)Aic jieb' l^o- 

P. Nj |A|t|t|rAb-f a ijeAri? b'pbiotji), 

* F1T« SniW |»feV eiri13 tt)YeA r i5 ; 

Y 31171 b'e a tbjAi) fte t)<x ljt)t), 
bejc a t)3ljt)t) A3 fl^r* 1 ? feAh;. 

O. <Da it)-be]ceA-]*A pA|t|tAif At) "pbjAi?, 

a cleijtjTj t)<v S-cljAji Y UA 5-CI03; 
l)j CAbAJipA c'A]|te bo <DbjA, 
1)A bO ]t|Aft cljAJl A3Uf f5ol. 

P. Nj Cftej5p|t)t)re tt)AC <De bj, 

A|l A b-CA|l)|3 fo,|l A3Uf f|AJi; 

a Oirfu, a f|le bu]3, 

If Olc ^CAf bll]C bjol 1)A 3-cliAf. 



9 

0. Woe is me that have remained after him, 

My delight not being in games or music ; 
But being a withering wretch after the host, 
To me it is sad to be alive ! 

Patrick, sad is the tale, 
To be after the heroes, thus feeble ; 
Listening to clerics and to bells, 
Whilst I am a poor, blind, old man. 

If Fionn and the Fenians lived, 

I would abandon the clerics and the bells ; 
I would follow the deer through the glen, 
And would fain lay hold of his leg. 

Patrick, ask heaven of God, 

For Fionn of the Fenians and his clan ; 

Pray for the chief, 

Whose equal has not been heard of in your time. 

P. I will not ask heaven for Fionn, 

subtle man against whom hath risen my ire ; 

Since it was his delight in his time, 

To dwell in glens pursuing the noisy chase. 

0. Hadst thou been in company with the Fenians, 
cleric of the priests and bells ; 
Thou wouldst not give heed to God, 
Or to the attending on clerics and schools. 

P. I would not forsake the Son of the living God, 
For all that have been east or west ; 
Oisin, soft bard, 
Thou wilt fare ill for depreciating the clerics. 



10 

O. Ba n)jAt) |te "piorjt) t)* b-pUc 

fjArjfAr) a cot) a b-£<\b Ajfi fljAb ; 
co]X) aIIca 1 A5 pA5bAil cua]t), 
r^oftSiv^l a f-luAij bA \)-& a nj]Atj. 

P. Jf jonjSA i^iat) bo bi A3 7^01)0, 

t)AC 5-cuipxeAjt fu|tr> At)T) bA §|f; 
i)] TT)A|jteAr)t) piotjr; r>A A cojt), 
V i?1 rbAijtjqb cufA, a 0]ni) p6]l. 

o. )x Tpo bo rs^i V]°w da nw» 

'f T)A A b-CA|tJ13 |ie A|t l]TJt) |t]Arb ; 

a t)beACAi8, Y a b-pu]l bed, 
b'peA|t]t T^otjt) pAOj ojt t)A ]Ab. 

P. 3<* c ^T 1 bftoijijAif a'i* T^orjrj b'ojt, 

|f olc |tACA|* bo 'suf bu]c; 
CA f£ A T)-TP|teAT)t) a tjjeAll, 
rtjAri bo 5irj8eAb ye&W a'f bjtuib. 

O. )\ be^3 a c|teib|it)-fe bob 5I0JI, 

A f ]]t 6't) KojTT) t)A le^bAjt Tt)-b^T) J 

30 rt)-be]c piotjr), At) ^Ia]C p|All, 

A5 beATT)AtJ t)A A3 b]AbAl A|jt lAjtTJ. 

1 Cojo aIIca, i. e., wiW <fo$rs, wolves. These animals seemingly 
afforded a vast amount of amusement to the Fenians in their hunting 
excursions ; and until very recently they were not altogether banished 
from Ireland. In the Irish Penny Journal, there is an article on Natural 
History by the late H. D. Richardson, a gentleman who devoted much 
of his time to thiB pursuit, in which he states that wolves were 
killed in Wexford in 1730 — 40; and one on the Wicklow mountains so 
late as 1770. In the Banquet of Dun na ngcdh, &c. published by the 
Irish Archaeological Society, and edited by Dr. O'Donovan (p. 189), it is 
stated that the last native wo'f seen in Ireland was killed on a mountain 
in the county of Kerry, in the year 1725 ; and at pp. 64, 65 (idem) we 
are told that when Dublidhnlh, the Druid, foretold the fate of C'ongal 



11 

0. A delight to Fionn of the heroes 

Was the cry of his hounds afar on the mountain ; 

The wolves starting from their dens, 

The exultation of his hosts, that was his delight. 

P. Many a desire Fionn had, 

Which are disregarded after him, 

Fionn or his hounds live not, 

Nor shalt thou live, generous Oisin. 

0. A greater loss is Fionn than we, 

And all that have ever lived within our time ; 
All that ever passed away and all that are living, 
Fionn was more liberal of his gold than they. 

P. All the gold which Fionn and you bestowed, 
'Tis of no avail to him or thee ; 
He is in hell in bondage, 
Because he committed treachery and oppression. 

0. Little do I believe of thy talk, 

man from Rome of the white books, 
That Fionn, the hospitable chief, 
Could be detained by demon or devil. 

Claen, in a most satiric strain, the following reference is made to the 
wolf: — 

" CUUXJTX OCUr bUl&t)6 b|lA17, 

cTtiqbficqo c]t)t) bun 5-cufiA&, 
co ttinjcAjt 5A)t)6Anj 5TM0& 5IA17, 
i)j b-&n\e&ri)£&i\ e]i)b UIa6." 

Wolves and flocks of ravens 
Shall devour the heads of your heroes, 
Until the fine clean sand is reckoned, 
The heads of the Ultonians shall not be reckoned. 
The only specimen of the Irish wolf-dog now in Ireland, that we are 
aware of, is in the possession of Mr Conyngham Moore of Strand-street 
in this city. 



12 

P. TLb } : ]onv a T)-|FfteAt}]} Afjt Iaittj, 

aij jreAft fArb bo bftor)t)A8 6|t ; 

A J)-e|ft|C eAfUflflArtJA A||l <t)blA, 
CA fe &-CeAC tJA b-piAt) £AOJ bftOI) ! 

O. <Da tt)-beifc>jr cl<\r>r>A 2t)6ftt)A Arq-5, 

r>6 cIat?t)a B*.o|fcr>e, i)A p|ji bA cjieAt) ; 

bO beAJtfrAbAOff 7~1 0T ?^ A ")AC, 
1)6 bO bjA8 ATJ CeAC AC A 1f&]V- 

P. C1115 66|3e (b]\\e&vv, fro peAC, 

Y da feAcc 5-CACA bj fAp b-peir)!?; 
r>i c]ub|iAi&i]- }~|Ot)r) An)*c, 

5&'fi TT»6fi a tjeAjtc A5uf a b-cjie]r>. 

O. ^A rtJA]|tpeA6 pAolAt) A5Uf 3°U> 

^DiAjtr^ujb boi;i) A*f Ofcufi A^j, 
a b-c]5 bA t t curt) beArbAt) T)iv 43] a, 
T)] be|C T^otjt) i)A b-*piAi)i) aji lAfri). 

P. <t)& TDAiftpeAb f&ol'&r) A5uf 5°U> 

Y a fiAjb Ai)t) bo't) b-"pe|t;T} fijAri); 
T)] qubfiAib|f "pioijt) An)AC, 

Af At) ceAC 't)A b-pu|l A b-p|Al). 

O. CjieAb bo ftp ¥]°W ^MT 1 ^blA, 

acc be|c A5 |t|A|t cIjaji Af f5ol ; 
5TteA]* rrjoft A5 bfior;r)A& At) 6] ft, 

Y 5|teA|* e|le fte njejbjfi a coi). 

p. 21 o^eAll fie njcfbf fi i;a 3-coi;, 

Y le ftiAft t)A f5ol 5AC aot) l^v ; 

Y 3 AT ? ^IT 10 A 13 e A H l ( t>bfA, 

ac<\ "Fioi^n ija K-) r |At)r) ajji lAjn). 



1>J 

P. Fionn is in hell in bonds, 

The pleasant man who used to bestow gold ; 
In penalty of his disobedience to God, 
He is now in the house of pain in sorrow. 

0. Were the Clanna Morna within, 

Or the Clanna Baoisgne, the mighty men ; 

They would take Fionn out, 

Or would have the house to themselves. 

P. The five provinces of Eirin severally, 

And the seven battalions which tb.e Fenians had ; 

They could not deliver Fionn, 

Tho' great might be their prowess and strength. 

0. If Faolan and Goll lived, 

Diarmuid the brown-haired and Oscar the noble ; 
In any house that demon or God ever formed, 
Fionn of the Fenians could not be in bondage. 

P. If Faolan and Goll lived, 

And all the Fenians that ever were ; 
They would not bring Fionn out, 
From the house where he is in pain. 

0. What did Fionn do to God, 

Except to attend on hosts and schools; 1 

A great while bestowing gold, 

And another while delighting in his hounds. 

P. Because of the amusement of the hounds, 
And for attending the schools each day ; 
And because he took no heed of God, 
Fionn of the Fenians is in bonds. 

1 That is to say, bardic schools. 



14 

O. 21 be|Jl CUfA, A Pb&CftA]C 1)A riAt)t), 

t)AC b-C|ubflA6 At) "pbl^r)t) T^Ot)!) AtTJAC J 

tja cii]3 co^e 6|neAt)t) led, 
36'ti rbojt a rjeAftc frAoj peAC. 

"Ca f^&Al beA5 A3AtT)-f A Aft ^blODt), 
t)j TlAbAIT)A|t AT)t) ACC CUJ5 f ]ri bfcA5 J 

bo 5AbAtt)Aji |tis BtieACA]T) tjA b-pleA6, 
le T?eAjtc Aft fleA5 'suf aji Iaoc. 

<t)o 3AbA6 l|T)t) 2t)A3t)U|* rrjoft, 

ttjac |t|5 LocIattji) i)a Iot>3 ttj-bfieAC ; 

cAT)3Att)A|t 3A0 b|toi?, 3*t) rs1°r» 

'f bO CU|fteA1T)A|l Aft 3~C]Of A b-pAb. 
21 Pb&CflAfC, ff C|IUA3 At) ]*5&aI, 

At) Ki3-f6]t)t)i& beft; pAOi sUr ; 
Cftojbe 5AIJ A]r>5]&eACC, 5At) puAc, 

CftOf8e CflUAf6 A5 COJ*t)AttJ CAC. 
)X feA3C01|l t)Aft rbAfc le tojA, 

6ft A'f b|A8 bo CAbAjjtc bo rjeAc; 
trjojt bjulcAjb f]Ot)t) CfteAt) t)A rfiuA3, 
IFfteArw fmAfi rrjA'r e a ce<xc ! 

2t)|At) TtJIC Cbutt)A]U fTA tfjAfC 3t)AO|, 

efrreACc fie f^AOfb 1 ObftortjA toejf^ ; 2 

COblA £A fjtUC (^AfA KuAf8, 3 

Y ^|Ab 5bAjlltbe t)A 5-cuAi) bo fe|l5. 

1 £ao|6 signifies a voice, hum, or sound. 

* t>ttoti) beans, literally the red ridge. In the OLs&tt&tT) i)A SeAtjojnis, 
a very curious tract containing a complete history of the T]&vi}& G]\\]oijr), 
it is stated that rj^oti) beans was the ancient name of Drumcliff, a small 
village in the barony of Carbury, and county of Sligo, remarkable for 
the remains of an ancient Round Tower, frftotij beAns was a ' 80 tne an " 
cient name of t)ui) ba. loAcsUr, now Downpatrick, where a great battle 
was fought, A.D. 1260, between Brian O'Neill and Hugh mac Felim 
[O'Conor], and the Galls of the North of Ireland, in which many of the 
Irish chiefs were slain ; which event formed the subject of a long poem 



15 

0. Thou say est, Patrick of the psalms, 

That the Fenians could not take Fionn out ; 
Nor the five provinces of Erin with them, 
Tho' great might be their individual strength. 

I have a little story respecting Fionn, 
We were but fifteen men in number ; 
We took the king of Britain, of the feasts, 
By the might of our spears and of our heroes. 

Magnus the Great was taken by us, [ships ; 

The son of the king of Lochlin of the speckled 
We returned without grief or weariness, 
And extended our tribute afar. 

Patrick, woful is the tale, 

That the Fenian king should be in bonds ; 
A heart devoid of spite or hatred, 
A heart stern in maintaining battles. 

It is not just that God should not feel pleased, 
At bestowing gold and food on one ; 
Fionn never refused mighty or wretched, 
Even though cold hell be his doom. 

'Twas the desire of the son of Cumhall of noble mien, 
To listen to the sound of Dromderg ; 
To sleep at the stream of Eas Ruaidh, 
And to chase the deer of Gal way of the bays. 

for the pen of Gilla Brighde Mac Conmidhe, chief poet of Ulster at the 
time, published in the Miscellany of the Celtic Society, p. 146. Fionn 
had a son named Dearg, whose adventures formed a theme for poetic 
romance, and from whom the place may derive its name. 

3 ear Ruai6, or Eas Aedha Ruaidh, Assaroe, the Salmon Leap, a cata- 
ract on the river Erne, at the town of Ballyshannon in Tir Chonaill 
(Tyrconnell), i.e., the country of Conall, which was nearly co-extensive 
with the present county of Donegal, and takes its name from Conall 
Gulban, the son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. — Book of Rights, p. 34, 
note p. See also Oss. Soc. Trans , Vol. III., p. 115, note 8. 



10 

O. SsAlcAfinAc loin l.&jcpeAc Iaoj, 

coi;t) Hu^fiAi&e 1 A3 buA]i) pe c|ta]j j 
bojtbAT) at) bA|iT) 6 TT7A15 2t)bAOirj, 2 
bu|tjte at; Iaoj3 6 5bleAt)T) &A niAi,!.. 3 

F03AT1 r e l l 3 e r^1^ e 3-CTtoc,* 

piiAjrrj tia r>-op u]rt) fl]Ab 5-CuA ; 6 
Tt70t)5A1|t fAOjleATIt) Jojiriuif 6 caII, 
5A]|t TIA TTI-bA&b Of CIOTTT) AT) C-fluAJ. 

CuriT)Arb crteAc t?a TTj-bAjtc fie cotjt), 

AT)-UA]U COT)A]]tC bO tobflUITTT-l]]* ) 7 
bfllACflA Bb^AIT) A 5"CtTOC ATT A]Tt, 8 

V 3^11* ^ A |*T*eAb uirri fljAb 2t)it*. 9 

51ao6 0fcui|t A5 bul bo feil.5, 

50CA 5a8aji A|t Le|]t5 t>a b-'phjATiT) ; 10 
bejc t)a fuibe a TTieAT/3 tja Ti-bATfj, 
bA \)-& fin bo 51) Ac a rbjATi. 

2t)]AT1 bO TT1]AT)A|b OfCU||X -pfe-jl, 

be]c A3 ejpceAcc jte h'e]ixy f5lAC ; 
bejc a 3-CAc A3 co|*3A|t ctiatt), 

bA \)-h X \V &0 3T)AC A TT7|ATT. 

1 Cotjt) Ru5TiAi6e, the wave of Rughraidhe ; a loud surge on Traigh 
Rudhraidhe, in the Bay of Dundrum in the county of Down, which 
drowned Rudhraidhe, the son of Partholan Four Masters, p. 1189. 

s 2n&5 2T)aoitj, the plain of Maori, otherwise called Maonmhagh, a ce- 
lebrated plain lying around Loughrea, in the county of Galway, the 
inheritance of the Clanna Moirne. 

3 5leAt)0 && njajl, Glen of the two heroes. 

4 Sl)*b 5-Ctxoc, Sliabh g-Crot. Now Mount Grud, in the townland of 
Mount Uniack, parish of Killarory, barony of Clanwilliam, and county of 
Tipperary. The fort and castle of Dun-g-Crot are situated at the foot 
of this mountain, in the Glen of Aherlow [near Bansha] . — Four Masters, 
Ed. J. O'D., A.D. 1058, note y. 

• S'lAb Cua, Sliabh Cua. Now the parish of Seasgnan in the county 
of Waterford, situated about midway on the road from Clonmel to Dun- 
garvan ; and chiefly inhabited by the middle class of farmers, many 
of whom have amassed considerable wealth by agricultural pursuits. 



17 

0. The warbling of the blackbird of Letter Lee, 
The wave of Rughraidhe lashing the shore ; 
The bellowing of the ox of Magh-maoin, 
And the lowing of the calf of Gleann-da-mhail. 

The resounding of the chase of Sliabh g-Crot, 
The noise of the fawns round Sliabh Cua ; 
The seagulls' scream on Iorrus yonder, 
Or the screech of the ravens over the battle-field. 

The tossing of the hulls of the barks by the wave, 
The yell of the hounds at Drumlish ; 
The cry of Bran at Cnoc-an-air, 
Or the murmur of the streams about Sliabh Mis. 

The call of Oscur going .to the chase, 

The cries of the hounds at Leirg-na bh-Fiann ; 
To be sitting amongst the bards, 
That was his desire constantly. 

A desire of the desires of the generous Oscur, 
Was to listen to the clashing of shields ; 
To be in battle hacking bones, 
That was his desire constantly. 

Mr. James O'Keeffe, of Mountain Castle in the adjoining parish, Modeligo, 
holds considerable landed property in this parish. One of the five pre- 
rogatives of the King of Cashel was to pass over Sliabh g-Cua with [a 
band of] fifty, after pacifying the south of Eire. — Booh of Rights, p. 5. 

« lonriur, Erris. An extensive and wild barony in the north-west of 
the county of Mayo — Four Masters. 

i tJnujnj-lir- Now Drumlease f an old church in ruins, near the east 
extremity of Lough Gill, in the barony of Dromahaire, and county of 
Leitrim — Four Masters, Ed. J. O'D., A.D. 1360, note i. 

8 Cqoe-An-kin, the Hill of Slaughter. A romantic hill in the county 
of Kerry, situated near Ballybunian, at which there was a great battle 
fought by the Fenians in the second century. 

9 Sl]Ab STJir. Now Slieve mish, a mountain in the barony of Trough- 
anackmy, in the county of Kerry. There is also another mountain of the 
same name in the barony of Lower Antrim in the county of Antrim. — 
Booh of Rights, p. 23, note x. 

2 



IS 

O. Se tqjt b&A5 bo cuAbrnAjt piAft, 

bo fe]\$ 50 "pojtrr)AOi,l t)A b-"p|Ai)i) ;' 
lA|ri) jte l)-eAbAT) ct)0|C at) ScajI, 
b'fr&ACA|T) ceAb iiaca Aji 5-co|leAtj. 

2li)mAT)r)A At) bA occaiji. 3|tyr>t7, 
bo beAnAb bu|c a 'CbAihjiijrj; 
bejc bA r)-bet.f* i,f tftuAJ At) cujf, 
ttjot)ua|i if rtjeAlA At) |ort)cujf*. 

2t)e fret.!) 'r At) pUic T^jow, 

a']* mo rt)AC Of*cu|t t)A tt)-beirt)eAt)t); 
*X *t) ce bo buA^i) O BAOi,r5t)e At; bnujb, 
At) peA]t bub O t)u|bt)e, *D]*|injtt]b. 

"Ca]T)|3 l|t)T) "pAolAl) peAtibA, 

a'|* cTti,utt rt)AC 2lot)ceAnnbA B&AnnA; 

5lAr, Af 5e^nT t » A 'r 5o^a dau jadd, 

bo cleACc rt)6n-eACC a 5-corf)lAt)t). 

■Ca]T)15 l|t)ij Con&t) 5 At) tt)oi,t)3, 2 

a't; CaoI ceAb^oirteAC o't) G>Att)u|t)t) ; 
rt)AC LuJAjb t)A|t bAt)bA, Ay i)An ca|| # , 
a'i* "Soil tt)AC 2t)6|it)A bo't) pufjtirjt). 

10 lento-TJA-b-^iAijTj, an eminence or slope on the side of some hill in 
Leinster, but not identified, where the Fenian hunters were wont to 
muster preparatory to starting for the chase. 

1 FortnjAOjl da b V]At) Formaoil of the Fenians. There is a place called 
Formoyle in the barony of Upper Ossory, in the Queen's County, the 
estates of William Palliser and Jonah Barrington, Esqrs., also of Mrs. 
Judith Wheeler, as heirs at law, and Oliver Wheeler, Esq. of Grenane, 
of which we have a large map on vellum, made in July, !?48, by Thomas 
1 ling. From its contiguity to the Hill of Almhuin in Kildare, where 
Fionn had bis palace, it is likely to be the Formaoil referred to in the 
text ; but there is another £oTtn)AO|l at Drandon bay in the county of 
Kerry, to the north of Crjoc at) ScaiI; and in Professor Connellan's 
Dissertation on Irish Grammar (Dub. 1834), p. 50, mention is made of 
.1 1 lane near Cill Easbuig liroin in the county of Sligo, called ^onnjAoil 
ija t-FiATjn, by the Irish-speaking people of the district, who allege that 
the Formaoils were the hospitals of the Fenians. 



19 

0. We went westwards sixteen men in number, 
To hunt at Formaoil of the Fenians ; 
Nigh the face of Cnoc an Scail, 
To see the first running of our hounds. 

The names of the two mirthful eights 
I shall relate, Tailgin ; 
To live after them is a sad fate, 
Woe and sorrow are my lot. 

Myself, and Fionn , the chief, 
And my son Oscur of the blows ; 
And he who delivered O'Baoisgne from bondage, 
The black-haired O'Duibhne Diarmuid. 

There came with us Faolan the manly, 
And the three sons of Aonchearda Bearra ; 
Glas, and Gearr, and Gobha the generous, 
Who were accustomed to great feats in battle. 

There came with us Conan without hair, 

And Caol, the hundred-wounder, from Eamhuin ; 
Mac Lughaidh who was neither effeminate nor weak. 
And Goll Mac Morna was of the band. 

* Cotj&n 5*1) ii)oit)5, i.e., Conan without hair. This is the celebrated 
Conan Maol so often referred to in these poems, and of whom there are 
many ludicrous stories told. He was called Maol from the loss of his 
hair, being bald-pated ; but the term Maol also signifies a person of 
low stature, or the humblest menial in any employment. Donnchadh 
Ruadh Mac Conmara, a Munster poet of the last century, in his Eachtra 
Ghiolla an Amallain, applies the term thus :— 

" Njojt coj^t bAtt) reAlAb bejc cah)aI n)At\ ri)Aol beA5, 

A5 n°rt)Att, »)6 as 5^afa6, i)6 A5 cA|tcA& t)A c\\b reAl." 
It was not right for me to be for a while like little Maol, 
Digging, or hoeing, or tossing the clay. 
There are various families in Ireland who derive their patronymic from 
this term, viz. Maolruanaidh, Maolbrighde, Maolmhichil, Maoldamh- 
naidh, Maoilsheachlainn, Maolmhuire, &c. 



20 

O. too h] 't)A|i ir»-bu]8|r) l,|A3Ai) luA|rni)CAC, 

TT)A|t AOt) A.'f toAjfte buATJAC J 

3obA 3AO^ce a'j* CorjcADAfi At) A13, 

A'f CAO|lce C|tAt)r)CA]|t H?AC RorjAlt). 1 
too b| BflAT;) A1|t CO]t)&]U A3 plOtJT), 

A V IT ^ArrjfA bo h) Ss^oIai); 

peAftAI} A3 to|AflTTUMb T)A TT)-bAT}, 2 

a']* 218t)ua|U AgrpAfi A3 Ofxuft. 

6]le b]teAC A3 "pAolar) rrjAC T^blDt?* 

A3 3^r rt ^ <xc 2lor>ceA|t]tbA BeAjtjtA, 6ic]ll ; 
A3 5 e ^T l f t > A V A 3 3°bA t)a 15-eAc t^Iai), 
bo b] "peAb A3111* "poj*cA]3. 

too b| SeAjtc A3 Cor)AT) rr;Aol, 

a'|" G|j*ceAcc A3 CaoI |te ija cAob ; 
A3 tu3A]8 lAjbjfl 'f A3 3^1U 
bo b] "puA]!!) A3UI* 'pocftArrj. 

too bj LiiAf A3 LiA5<\r) luAirnoeAC, 

A'f toACCAOJIJ A3 toA||te bllA1)AC ; 

t&inj A3 5°bA 3AOjce ai? 5tMt>r>, 
a'|* toAol A3 CAOjlce rt}AC Koi;A]t). 

S3AO]lccA|i bu]i)t) 3a8aiji w]c 2t)bo|it)A, 
^a imeAllA]b cvjoc tja b-eAjijqb; 
£A C]urbA|*Aib cojipo|ibA Cbo|tA|r>r), 3 
a'j* beAl r)A lorbAi) 4 jte pArjAjb. 

2lf r-ub j-ojft 50 bejtjt) BocAifi/ 
l]i)t) bA ceolrbAfi A|i i)-a8a[ica ; 
pi ft tobAffte a 3-C01II 50 3uic-b]iw, 

A'f* ]Ab A5 Op)AbA]l A||l cAjocjb. 

1 2f)ae Koij^io, Mac Ronain. The chief occupation of Mac Ronain in 
the Fenian ranks was to draw lots whenever any spoil was to be divided ; 
hence the epithet Crannchair, of the lot. 

2 t3|ATtn)U|& tja n)-bATj. This is Diarmuid O'Duibhne, the subject of our 



21 

0. There was in our company Liagan the nimble, 
Together with Daire of the duans ; 
Gobha Gaoithe and Connor the valiant, 
And he of the lots, Cailte Mac Ronan. 

Fionn held Bran in a blip, 

And 'twas I that held Sgeolann ; 
Diarmuid of the women held Fearan, 
And Oscur held the lucky Adhnuaill. 

Faolan, the son of Fionn, held the speckled File, 
And Glas, the son of AonchearrdaBearra, held Eitill; 
'Twas Gearr and Gobha of the pure steeds, 
Who held Fead and Fostuigh. 

Conan the bald held Searc, 

And Caol at his side held Eisteacht ; 
Lughaidh the mighty, and Goll, 
Held Fuaim and Fothram. 

Liagan, the nimble, held Luadhas, 

And Daire of the duans held Dathchaoin ; 
Gubha Gaoithe, the merry, held Leim, 
And Caoilte Mac Ronan held Daol. 

We let loose the hounds of Mac Morna, 

Throughout the borders of hills in numbers ; 
Round the borders of Corann of the rocks, 
While the fawns led down hill. 

Thence eastwards to the peak of Bothar, 
Most musical were our horns ; 
The sweet-voiced men of Daire in the wood, 
While shouting at the herds. 

third volume, who is said to have had a ball seirce, or beauty spot on his 
left breast, which caused any woman who saw it to fall in love with him. 

3 Con<M?t), now Keash, or Ceis-chorainn. in the county of Roscommon. 

* Loii^t). literally means a lamb, but is here applied to.the young deer. 

s Deiijt) lioiwjri, the peak of Bothar. Not identified. 



22 

0. SeACC b-picc|b bATh aIIca lAibift, 

5 RinD-ja&tAC 1 50 ^ocao) ;' 2 
CA05A& jtaoIcot), CA05Ab n)OTt-coTtc, 
5i)|orb ATt r)-65-cot) a b-) r Ofin)AO]l. 3 

Stt) at) ceAb Ia bo T*5AO]leA6 

puiTt.eAT)T) b'Aft fAO]C|b cot) a 5-cluicce ; 
a']* v) n)A]]\]Oi)v bA riA]b a Iacaiti. 
uc ! a Pb^c^A]c, acc w]ye. 

21 Pb^cftAjc, if qtuA5 ™?ir e > 
AH) feAt)6]|i 50 b-AcujnfeAC ; 
Sat) n&irt), 5At) capa, 5AT) CTteont, 
A5 cniAll curt) Aipninn 50 b-Alc6|n. 

"5aT) Aflb-piAbAC I.UACA1TI c t)l)eA5A, 4 

5at) ttj^oIca fleibe Client) ; 5 
5At) bul a i)-5l]Aibib le "p|oi)t), 
5At) niAn f5ol tt)ati cleAccAit)t). 

3at) beAbcA, 5AT) be-Ai)Art) cneAC, 
5AT) ]rt)iric ATI cleAfAjb Uqc; 

3AD bul as r^msi 6 v* r e i l 3» 

bA c&jTtb i)A |tA]b rt)0 6ujl. 

P. §511111 a feAi)6|Tt, I&15 bob bAOTf-, 

t)j beAj biijc j:eAT*cA a T)-beA]i|it)AO|t* ; 

T*n)UA]l) ATI 1)A p]AT)CA]b ACA TieOrt)Ab, 
b'TTT)C15 Al) "pl)|At)t) A5Uf IrtTCeOCAJTt. 

O. 2t)A 1rt)C|5|rt), A PI)ACTtAlC, T)ATl f*A5CATl CUfA, 

a pifi at) cjto|be co||trt)iT-3ce ; 6 

bA TT)A1TTT:eA8 Cot)A1) Art) bA|l, 

T)j l6]5|:]&e leAc bo c|atit*ai). 

1 K|i)rj-tt<\CAC, a promontary, probably, in Ibh Rathach, (Ivcragh) 
county of Kerry. Perhaps Bolus bead on Uallinaskcllig bay. 

2 Focaoi, not identified. 

» FotwjaoiI, see p. 18, note 7. 

« Iuacaiu t^heAJjA, now Sliabh Luachra, sometimes called Ciarruidhe 
Luachra, from Ci'ar, one of the ancient kings of Munstcr, a long range 



23 

0. Seven score of strong wild oxen, 
From Rinn-rathach to Fochaoi ; 
Fifty wolves and fifty huge wild boars 
Were the spoils of our young hounds at Fonnaoil. 

This was the first day on which were let loose 
A portion of our noble hounds in the chase ; 
And there lives not of those who were present, 
Alas! Patrick, but I. 

Patrick, I am to be pitied, 

Being a broken-hearted old man ; 

Without sway, without agility, without vigor, 

Going to mass at the altar. 

Without the great chase of Luachair Dheaghaidh, 
Without the hares of Sliabh Cuilinn ; 
AYithout going into fights with Fionn, 
Without attending schools as was my custom. 

Without conflicts, without taking of preys, 
Without exercising in feats ; 
Without going to woo or to the chase, 
Two amusements which I dearly loved. 

P. Cease, old man, let be thy folly, [done : 

Enough for thee henceforth what thou hast already 
Reflect on the pains that are before you, 
The Fenians are departed and thou shalt depart. 

0. If I depart, Patrick, mayest thou not be left, 
man of the ascetic heart ; 
Were Conan now alive, 
Thy growling would not be long permitted thee. 

of mountain which extends from the harbour of Tralee in Kerry, to the 
mouth of the Shannon. 

6 SllAb Cuiljqt), now Sliabh Guillinn in the county of Armagh. 

6 Co|riiT)ir5ce, i.e.. ascetic, literally of the forbidding heart, because th» 
saint forbade him to enjoy many of his pleasures. 



24 

O. <tK\ itja8 b At) lA bo b] "pjonn, 

a 3-CACAib <\|lr>e a'|* a D-5I1A6 ; 
cA|i)|c An coIahh 3A1; ceAnn 1 
6113 Ajnn 30 3le*nn 8a 8Ari).- 

)y cu5Ab a cAo3A|* orn ccac pejn, 
II* bjieATjcA bAC A5u|* 5nAO| ; 
as iA|t]iA|b A|r3e A]|i ah b-pbemn, 
If pe|bj|t leo |«| ij a 5&|ll. 

c Do 3eAbAi|t A||i3|ob, b\\, a 'p bruise ; 
b|ob x\V A3Ab A||t bo cuAifib; 
imc|5 Anoif, bo rtAjb "p|onn, 
If miqb l]nn cu bul uA|on. 

N| 5&AbAb A||t3)ob cu5An) n& Oft, 
a |ii3-^nni8 An sloiji 6]\; 
acc cufA pe|n, 3An ce|lc Aft at) b-pejon, 
bo bejc A3Attj tnAft c&jle p||t. 

Jf bflJACAfl bAtnfA, bo jtAjb An |t|3, 
bA rn-be|b|nn-n 3<M? rbnAOf rternj |t<ve ; 
nA beibjnn A5Ab-fA rnAri -pjofi, 
Ajt a b-jrujl 6 neArb 30 jreAfi. 

O C113AH* bo bnjACAft Ajft b-cu|f, 
Aji Oinn, a 5" clo r &0 'u Fbqnn; 
cujrurnfe cuf-A po 5e|f, 
mui)A n-bejn3l|i X e ]Y Mon? peju. 

CoUtj 5AI) ceApt), a headless body, an apparition. There are several 
legends current amongst the Irish peasantry, regarding headless appari- 
tions One of these legends, "The Headless Horseman of Shanacloch," 
by the late Edward Walsh, appeared in the Dublin Penny Journal, 
Vol. ii. No. 57. pp. 33-35. Another legend of the same character is 
related of a member of the Cosby family, interred in the vault of the 
ruined church of Noughval, nenrStradbally, in the Queen's County. It 
was said that at stated periods, a black coach, drawn by four headless 



0*i 
*~0 



0. Or had it been on the day in which Fiona 

Was engaged in glorious battles and conflicts ; 
When there appeared to us a headless being, 
At Gleann da dhaimh. 

To thee have I come from my own home, 
Of the most brilliant hue and shape ; 
Requesting a gift of the Fenians, 
To which they can give assent. 

Thou shalt get silver, gold, and mantles, 
As a reward for thy visit ; 
But depart now, said Fionn, 
We think it time thou shouldst go from us. 

Silver or gold I will not take, 

royal chief of the pleasant speech ; [Fenians, 
But thee thyself without concealing it from the 
To ]i\e with me as my spouse. 

By my troth, said the king, 

If I were without a wife during my life, 

1 would not consent to be thy husband, 
For all that is from the heaven to the grass. 

As thou wert the first to plight thy troth, 
Says Oisin, in the hearing of the Fenians : 
I adjure thee by a bond, 
That thou become my partner. 

black horses, with a headlets coachman, and a headless footman, had been 
seen driving at a furious rate, in the dead hour of mid-night, through 
the village of Stradbally. The coach itself was said to contain one of 
Cosbys ; but the writer of this note does not now recollect the particular 
individual mentioned. 

2 3le.\rjf) f^ 8*n>, the glen of the two oxen. The Four Masters give 
no account of this loca'.iy ; but at A.D. 945, there is a Gleann Damhain 
mentioned situate near Diir Jnis (the isle of oaks), or Molana, an island 



20 

O. 2it) uAjfi bo frDuAirjeAf A 1T* n? 1*05, 

CU^Uf At) C-fU|TT? fit) A 5-C6]U; 

bo lu|5]Of le a 5-cofA]t&, 

TT)An bob' 1 Tt^O fAT,C bO TT)T)AO|. 

2I5 ceACc bo't) pb&IW curt) bA]le, 

T)A b-CTtTuin, t)a 5-ceACfiA]rt, t)a 5-cii|5|n ; 
A5 jreACAit) i)A n^rjix bob' A|lt;e, 
r>ioft curt)A leo ce'n cu^e. 

2I5 ceACc bo't) coIatt)t) 5at) ccat)!), 

bo b] fub 'f at) r>-5leArn) bAjt b-ceACC ; 

If t.Oit)8a bftAO] bo bj f a clu, 

be]c 5-ceAb cu a't* be|6 5-ceAb eAC. 

<De]6 5-ceAb eAC 50t)a fjtTAT), 
be^c 5-ceAb cu 500A 5-cott)jaII; 
beTc 5-ceAb 5]oIIa t)a TtA]b t)eA|tc, 
a' 1* be]c 5-ceAb feAji bo't) iniceAcc. 

•Dejc 5-ceAb coni) tja n>-b] o\i, 

be|c 5-ceAb clo]beAtri c6|n a'p f*5]Ac; 
bA rt)A& rbAO|8ce 8attit; a, be^c 5-ceAb bo, 
cu5Af bort) ceile ai) aoi;Io i,Ab. 

<t)o be]n fAiutje bO]f]t) fjAll, 
■\y n)ic|b Ijorr) crt|All borr) ceAC ; 
bo 5eAbA|6 cu 5AC A|f5e ua|8, 
act 5 at) u]f5e bo buAjt) leTf\ 

C&W3 f ^1i)le65 fAO] at) b-"peiT)T), 
bo |tu5 at) t*A]T)i)e f. ao| at) loc ; 

b'lTT)C15 AT) fATT)T)e 6 fOTT) AT)UAf, 
5AT) f|Of A f5e|l 5Uf ATIOCC. 

in the river Blackwatcr, in the barony of Coshmore and Coshbride, in 
the county of Waterford, near Ballinatray, the seat of the Hon. Mr. 
Moore, two and a half mile9 north-west of the town of Youghal. 
The island is called Molana, from St. Maolanfaidh, its patron saint; and 



27 

0. "When I reflected on my dear, 

I put this thought in execution ; 
I lay beside her without disguise, 
Because she was meet to be my wife. 

As the Fenians readied their houses, 
In groups of threes and fours and fives, 
To behold the most noble woman, 
It was not indifferent to them who should be first. 

When the headless being came, 
There was then in the glen ; on our coming, 
Many a druid of high repute, 
Ten hundred hounds and ten hundred steeds. 

Ten hundred steeds with their bridles, 
Ten hundred hounds with their leashes ; 
Ten hundred servitors in whom was strength, 
Ten hundred heroes in our ranks. 

Ten hundred goblets made of gold, 

Ten hundred excellent swords and shields ; 
Were it a boast for me, [there were] ten hundred 

cows, 
I bestowed them on my love in one day. 

She gives a ring to the generous Oisin [and says], 
'Tis time I should depart for my home ; [this, 
Thou wilt obtain every thing thou desirest from 
So that water will not touch it. 

A swallow flew among the Fenians, 

And carried off the ring towards a lake ; 
The ring disappeared ever since, 
Without any tidings of it unto this night. 

in it are the ruins of an abbey of Regular Canons founded in the sixth 
century by that saint, who was its first abbot. Here was buried Ray- 
mond Le Gros, one of the co-advcnturers witli Strongbow in the invasion 
of Ireland.— Smith's Waterford, p. 4:i. 



23 

O. 6>At) flUAb 1 T)A f5|AC*U) TllAbAC, 

V pat) be^5 e]le' 1 f-uAf t)A beAl ; 
A5 5<vbA|l a 5-cuATtb 6f Afi 5-ceAot}, 
A5 fe|t)t)im t)A b-£OT)t) f at) AebeAfi. 

<Do bA6Af A3Uf "pl,OT)T) fei,T), 

A3 ffeACATT) t)a t)-6atj fte |*eAl ; 

5At) PlOf, 5A0CUAlft|f5, CA T)-beACA1.b At) C-eAT), 

t»A p|Of f5&AlA cA T)beACAi,6 At) beAp. 

P. )x beA5 no, a 8ei5Ti)ic 'pblW, 

i)i fiAi,b A5Ab it)t)ce acc feAl; 
if* treApjt pAt)Art)U|t) tdaji. a cao*, 
t)A bejc Attif t)A n)eAf5. 

O. 21 TT)1C 2lfipluiT)T) AT) ^loift 6]l, 

If TT)A]Tt5 be||t cAob ]te cl&ijt t)A CI05; 
bo bAbAt* A5uf CaojIct, ttjo Iua8, 

A5UJ* bO bAbrt)ATt UATTt T)&|t boCC. 

Ceol |te a 5-cobl<\8 piOT)T) 5AT) hb\i, 
Iacat,t)T) 6 loc t)a b-rti] 5-CAol; 3 
]*5aIcatit)ac Iotii < Dboj|te at) CAjftT), 4 

A'f bujCfte AT) bAjri) 6 3leAT)t)-T)A-5-CAOTt. 5 
Ob^V lACA]t)T) 6 l-OC 6l|tT)0, 6 

8a bobA]t-coT,T) 7 6 toe 2t)e]l3c ; 8 
b<\ jCATTTtfriAb o't) ^t]u|T)e caII, 9 
a'x bA f-eAbAC fl&ibe 5-Coi)<x]U. 10 

1 Cat} *tuAt>, reddish bird. The cuckoo is the bird referred to here, as 
hovering over them in the air. 

* Cat) beA5 eile, another little bird. Thi9 is the njAr.65 or hedge-sparrow, 
which pursues the cuckoo in its flight, and is believed to make various 
attempts to get into its beak when singing. 

3 loc o* b-CTM 5-CAOl, the lake of the three Caoh, This is the name 
of a small lough near Kells in the county of Meath. 

* trifle At) CbAJn'J, Derrycarn. Now Derrjcarn in the count}' of Meath. 



0. The reddish bird of the grey wings 

And another small bird in its beak, 
[ Were] soaring around over our heads, 
Singing their songs in the air. 

Fionn and I together were 

Gazing at the birds for a while ; [flown, 

Without knowing or learning where the bird had 
Or tidings whither the woman had gone. 

P. That is nought, noble son of Fionn, 

Thy possession of her was but for awhile ; 
Better to remain as thou art, 
Than to be again among them. 

0. son of Calphurn of the bland speech, 

Woe to him that confides in clerics or bells ; 

I and Caoilte, my friend, 

And we were for a time and did not want. 

The music to which Fionn slept readily, 

Was [the cackling of] the ducks from the lake of 

the three Gaols ; 
The singing of the blackbird of Derrycarn, 
And the bellowing of the ox of Gleann-na-g-Caor. 

The two ducks of Lough Erne, 
The two otters from Lough Meilghe ; 
The two hares of yon brake, 
And the two hawks of Sliabh g-Conaill. 

* 3leAT)t) ija 5-Caon, the glen of the berries. Not mentioned by the 
Four Masters; but there is a Gleannna g-Caor in the county of Cork. 

6 Loc CiTtije. Now Lough Erne in the county of Fermanagh. Duald 
M'Firbi9 and the Leabhar Gabhala agree as to the eruption of this lake. 
See Four Masters, A.M. 3751. 

i t>obAtico]tj, the otter. A remarkable instance of the voracious propen- 
sities of this animal occurred lately at the glen of Aherlow near Bansha 
in the county of Tipperary. A farmer, named Dwyer, found the throats 



30 

O. pe<\& At) fqolAift 6 lj})le:6.yt) r>A rr)-buA8/ 

r>6 6 fSAjpc cjtuAi8 iDbfiuim le ffiu|c; 2 

CeAJlCA £riAO|C 6 CbftUACAr) Cb|tUJTf), 3 

r»6 peAb 8obArico|r> t DbT t "|") H& Cojri. 

S5<xlc<xftr>Ac lo|t) 'Dbojrie A t> CA|rtt)/ 
r>j cuaIa& rtjArb, bAft 50 &e|Tb|t), 
ceol bA bjrwe l]orr> tja e, 
acc 50 n)-be]8|i)i) pA bur> a r)ej&. 

of several of his sheep cut after the night, and, determining to watch 
the thief, took his gun and concealed himself near the flock; when about 
midnight he observed something in the shape of a large dog attacking 
the sheep, at which he took deliberate aim and killed him on tfie spot. 
On approaching the animal, to his utter surprise it turned out to be a 
monstrous otter, upwards of four feet long ; and although the river Suir, 
from which it crawled upwards of half a mile by a narrow stream, 
abounds with salmon and other fish at this season, (June, 1858), yet his 
propensities for animal food was such that he preferred it to fish, no 
matter how tender or delicious it tasted. 

8 loc Zt}e]\^e, the lake of Meilghe. The Four Masters record, under 
date A.M. 4694, that Meilghe Molbhthach, son of Cobhthach Caol 
Breagh, after having been seventeen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
fell in the battle of Claire, by Modhchorb. When his grave was digging, 
Loch Meilghe burst forth over the land in Cairbre, so that it was named 
after him. It is situated on the confines of the counties of Fermanagh, 
Leitrim, and Donegal. See Four Masters, A.M. 4694, note h. 

9 2t)u|i)e call. This must be some adjacent plain or green. 

'0 SljAb 5-Cot)a]U, the mountain or hill of Conall. Called after Conall 
Gulban, who was nursed at the Beinn or peak of Gulban, where the 
hardiest hawks in Ireland were found in the latter end of the fifteenth 
century. 

I SIsatjt) t)A ti)-buAb, the glen of victories or conquests. Not men- 
tioned by the Four Masters. 

» Grtujn; fie rnujc, the ridge by the stream. Unknown. 

s .CfiUAc<xt) Cbfiu|ttj, the Cruachan of Crom. Cruachan was the name 
of the ancient palace of the kings of Counaught, and was situated 
near Belanagare, in the county of Roscommon, and is now called Rath- 
croghan. However, we doubt whether this is the place referred to in the 
text. Crom was the name of one of the idols of the Pagan Irish, to 
which, according to Dr. Charles O'Conor (Prol. part I. p. 22), the early 
colonisers up to the time of St. Patrick, offered the firstlings of animals 



31 

0. The whistle of the eagle from Gleann na m-buadh, 

Or from the rough thicket of the Ridge by the stream ; 

Or the grouse of Cruachan Chruim, 

Or the whistle of the otter of Drum-re-Coir. 

The song of the blackbird of Derrycarn, 
I never heard, by my troth, 
Music more melodious to me than it, 
Were I only beneath his nest. 

besides other offerings. Here are his words : — " Magli-Sleachl canus 
ronnim, ar is and ro bai High cdhal Er. .i. in Crom-Cruach, ayus da 
fdhal deg do clochaibh uime, agus adhelbsnin door, agus asse ba Tie do 
gach lucht ro gabh Eirinn go toracht Padric. Is do do iahbraitis ced 
gen gacha solha, agus primighgen gacha clainde. As cuige do riacht 
Tigernmus mc Foil. Ri Er dia Samna, co feraibh agus co mnaibh Eir 
maillefri Dia adhradh co ro sleacht sat uile idhu coro aemdhelar tuil an 
edan agus eth a sron, agus faircledha anglun corra anuillend, conebladar 
teor cethraimhe fher n Er ac na slechtaibh — unde Magh slecht dr." i.e. 
Campus stragis ita appellator, quia ibi fuit praecipuum Idolorum Hiber- 
nian, nempe Crom-Cruach, et duodecim Idola Saxea circumstantia, et 
caput ejus ex auro, et hie Deus fuit omnium populorum quotquot posse 
erunt Hiberniam, usque ad adventum S. Patricii. Huic sacrificaverunt 
Primogenita cujusque Sobolis, et primogenita filiorum suorum. Hunc 
Tigernmasius, Alius Foil : Rex Hiberniae, precatus, est die Samnii, cum 
Viris et mulieribus Hibernian, tali adoratione, et ulnas suas rumperent, 
cadendo et adorando, donee vulneribus infligereut etiam frontes suas, 
contunderent nasus, et genua, usque ad sanguinem fundendum. Hinc 
itaque dicitur Maah-Sleucht. Campus Stragis." And O'Flaherty (vide 
Ogygia, part 3, p. 197, 4to. ed., Lond. 1685), says, " Cromcruach Ido- 
lum, cui Tigernmasius rex, ut supra, cum uwiverso populo suo ex do- 
drante vitam devoverant, totius regni Idolorum omnium princeps ad 
Idolomania? in Hibernia per S. Patricium eversionem in carapo Moy- 
sleuct perstitit ; quod reges, et regni proceres summa, stataque sacrorum 
rituum veneratione colebant ; eo quod responsa dare putabatur a populo 
stulto, et insipiente, cui colebat illud, ut ait Jocelinus." (See Jocelrn, in 
vita S. Patricii, c. 56). Dr. O'Donovan says in a note to the Four Masters 
under A.D. 1117, that there was a chieftain, named Cromdubh, in 
Umhall [in Connaught] who was contemporary with St. Patrick, and, 
though a powerful opponent of his, was afterwards converted by the 
Saint to Christianity on the day called Domhnach Chroim Dhuibh. 
* t)oirie Ai) CbAjjuj, Derrycarn. In the Transactions of the Galic 










)y m<VlT*3 bAm 3IAC b^ifceAS niArb, 
}\ olc born ot)6||i bAft l]orp ; 
A]jt rt}-be]t bAttj jat) bjAb, 3AT} beoc, 

A5 beATJArb CftOfTJA a']* U|tT)A13Ce. 

Nj b-olc, A f>eAT)6lft, bAfl lion), 

bo 5eAbA||t t)ao] b-pic6]b bAift5i») A|tA|t); 
30T)A t)-Ai;r>lAT) jqotjA a'|* peolA, 

If olc A r)-AbA]Jt cu, A feAI)0||t. 



Society of Dublin (1880), now a rare book, the following beautiful poem 
will be found at page 194, addressed to one of these birds which fre- 
quented Derrycarn wood in the county of Meath ; and which is accom- 
panied by a spirited translation from the pen of Mr. William Leahy : 



" t>lW TT), a loin OAme At) CtjAinn ! 
•Hj cuaIat;, at) An* 'r At) tn-bic, 
Ceol bub binne t)A bo 5UC, 
ittcAr cu FA bur) bo t)|o. 

aeo ceol ir bintje fA't) tt)-bic, 
2T)Aitt5 t)Ac feir» et)t) nir 5° F6|l, 
21 ri)ic ilttpluiT) t)A cclocc n)-b|t)t), 
'S 50 nj-bencA A|Mr An bo t)0|t). 

215ac. tpAtt ca A5ATP rem. 
OA tt)-beic be|ri)]t) rs^l 1 AI > eo]n, 
t>o bencA benA 50 bjAt), 
'S »)j biA6 c'Aine Ain ©|A 50 poll. 

21 ccnic loclAt), tja rneb 50Ttn), 
fuAin 2T)ac CubA|l, t)A cconr) t)ben5' 
2lt) c-ei) bo ejej Anor, 
tl5 tin a rsel bujc 5° fte T* B . 

t5om6 At) CATtlT) At) COlll lib ClAfl, 

XT)au a t)-bei!)bir at) T=l)|Af) t;or ; 



2lti Aille TAtt cAejtbe a cnAnn, 
'S eb bo cume«6 atjt) ai) Ion. 

SsolsAine lojn bojne At) CrjAitiT), 
burette at) bAjrt) FhAjll t)A ccAen, 
Ceol le ccoblAb PlPi) 50 tpoc, 
Iacajt) 6 loc ca ccttj ccAel. 

Ce|tCA pnAejc urt) CbnuACAir) cujon, 
PebSAil bobno|i) ti|iujn? bA loc ; 
5oca rjlAjn 5I10 t)A FpUAC, 
loi)50|ne cuac ctjurc t)a rcoc. 

3oca 5AbAti 5leT)T)A CAeir), 
Ir s^in FbilAm cAejc t)a reis ; 

C.A|fltt) T)A CCOT) A5 CttlAl 50 TT)OC, 

SlrxeAC 6 CTIA15 tja ecloc T)-ben5. 

2lt) cttAic bo tt)Ain Viw 'r at) FbiAt), 
t>ob AporA leo r'jAb t)A cjll, 
Pa b]T)r) leorAt) purple lor), 
Soca pa CCI05 leo T)jft btT)." 



Translation. 

Hail tuneful bard of sable wing, 
Thou warbler sweet of Carna's grovel 
Not lays more charming will I hear 
Tho' round th' expansive earth I rove. 



33 

0. Alas ! that I ever received baptism, 
It affects my honor, I perceive ; 
In being without food and drink, 
Whilst fasting and praying. 

P. Not so, old man, I am sure, 

Thou shalt get nine score cakes of bread ; 
With thy fill of wine and meat, 
Evil thou speakest, old m3ii. 

No melody's more soft than thine, 
While perch'd thy mossy nest beneath ; 
How sad to miss thy soothing song ! 
When harmony divine you breathe. 

O son of Alphron, cease thy bells, 
Cease thy hollow-sounding strain ; 
To Carna's grove thine ear incline, — 
Thou wilt o'ertake thy psalms again. 

didst thou hear its mournful tale ! 
Didst thou, as I, its story know ! 
Thou wouldst forget thy God awhile, 
And down thy cheeks would torrents flow. 

Found was the bird on Lochlin's plains, 
(Where purling flows the azure stream) 
By Comhal's son, for goblets famed, 
Which bright with golden splendor beam. 

You lofty wood is Carna's grove, 
Which bends to west its awful shade, 
Where pleased with Nature's wild display, 
The Fians— noble race ! dclay'd. 

In that retir'd and dusky wood, 
The bird of sable wing was lay'd ; 
Where the majestic oak extends, 
llis stately boughs in leafy shade- 

The sable bird's harmonious note, 
The lowing hind of Cora'9 steep, 
Were wont, at morning's early dawn, 
To lull the mighty Fionn asleep. 
3 



34 

O. 2ii> b&Al fo A3 j:|iiocaI leAC, 

t)i\\\ ubACCAji 'e |te fAS^c ; 
50 rV^eAftji \\oxx) bjtu|*5A|t q-jje "Fbirjrn 
tja rr;o cujb bo'r) corf)fto|t)t). 

P. <t)ob' £ ^|t) crjuAfAC t)A b-pofic, 1 

A 3 u f ^I^^ac ija i)5A]tb-ct)Oc ; 
1FjteAi)rj piA|]t £0 6ejfteA5, 
Aft f5<\c bu|t r>-b|to|c-c|teifc>iri7. 

O. , M|0|i bA \)-'e x]t) bujwe fj^tj, 

acc A|i 1]ot)a6 b'^or) a't b'^eoil ; 

COfAC CeiJtC a']* COCftATT) jrleAb, 

beocA rtjjlpe, a'j* cac bA r>-6l. 

)j* qt&6 liorr> <t>iAitrnuib ajuj* 5°U> 
A5Uf pe^uf bA h]yr) ^\6\\; 
At) ua^ji i)AC lejjceAji bujrjr) a Iua&, 

A Pb^CflAIC 1? UA 1&> CA]T)|5 6't) K6|Tt7' 

p. Ba ceAb \]VV cu bA lu<v8, 

acc 30 b-CAbA]|t b'Ajjte Aft 43bjA Aft b-ciif ; 
oy At)0]f ]v be^ie bob' ao]j*, 
-f3u|jt bob' bAOjy, a p|ft 3At? luc. 

The noise which haunts the weedy pond, 
That into triple straight divides ; 
Where cooling in the crystal wave, 
The bird of silver plumage glides. 

The twitt'ring hens on Cronn's heath 
And from yon water-girded hill, 
The deepening voice of gloomy woe, 
Sad, pensive, melancholy shrill. 

The eagle's scream from Foal's vale, 
From the tall pine the cuckoo's song ; 
The music of the hounds that fly, 
The coral-pebbled strand along. 



35 

0. This mouth conversing- with thee, 

May [it] never to a priest confess ; 

If I would not prefer the crumbs of Fionn's house 

To my share of your entertainments. 

P. That was the picking of the banks, 
And the chase of the craggy hills ; 
Hell was his portion at the end, 
Because of your unbelief. 

0. Not so to us indeed, 

But our fill of wine and meat ; 

The first of justice and equality at feasts, 

Delicious draughts and all drinking them. 

Woe is me Diarmuid and Goll, 
And Fergus of the tuneful voice ; 
Since it is not allowed us to name them, 
Patrick, lately come from Rome. 

P. We would allow thee to name them, 

But only give thy attention to God first ; 
Since now thy life is at its end, 
Leave off thy folly, feeble man. 



When liv'd brave Fionn, and all his chiefs, 
The heath did more the heroes please, 
Than church or hell they'd dearer deem, 
The sable bird's melodious lays. 

i CnuArac t)A b-popc, picking or gleaning of the banks. Here St. 
Patrick intimates that Fionn's table was not so plentifully supplied after 
all. That the viands consisted of berries picked up in the bays, and 
of wild animals captured on the " craggy hills," which were for that 
reason in poor condition and not easily eaten. 



36 

O. 21 PbACttAJC 1t)1)|f* bATT) C|t6 flUO, 

6f A^Ab aeA ai) c-eoluf ^ t:eAnn; 
at? l<?|5peAfi rno jaSati tja rno cu, 
lion) 50 cu|nc nig nA USJt^r ? 

P. 21 f-eAnoijt acA An bAoji;, 

a'|* t)ac fAijAirn cni,c bo cun one ; 
V] le|3pe<xn bo jjAbAn i;A bo cii, 
leAc 50 cujjic n]5 i;a jieAcc. 

O. <t>A rn-bAb ASArnfA bjA8 Ajcne An ^bl^-, 

aY 50 Tn-b]Ab n?o cu born' n&jn ; 
bo pAi,nceocAinn 6 born cojn, 
318 b'e bo beAnAS b|Ab 8A?n fe]i). 

P. tNA b-AbAjn f|n a feAnojn, 

A'f cu a n-berne b-aoipe ; 
D1 cocjiAm, 3AT) bneA3, An bnere, 
bo bejuin An rno nig-p- 

O. <Dob' t*eAnn aoo cuua8 ArnAjn lc\]fc>] it, 

bo bj Ajt FbjAnnAjb 6||ioAi;n; 
t)A cjgeAnnA An c|iAbAj8, 
A5ut; cut-a tr&in, a Cblfcinig. 

P. 21 Ofnt; nA t>36An Unn, 

cAnAf i;a bnjACjtA bujlo; 
bob' trcAnu <t)fA no b-Aon Id, 
i;a pjAunAib 6>|jteAniJ ujle. 

O. o|8 CAitnt/e Anoji- 3AU plAiceAf, 

A*f me |aji 3-CAicjori7 tVaoitv; 
A PbAcfiAjc, uA CAbAiji A 1^ir» 
bo njAjcib cUnnA Baojt/cho. 



37 

0. Patrick, tell rne in confidence, 

As it is thou that hast the best knowledge; 

Will my dog or my hound be let in 

With me, to the court of the king of grace. 

P. 0, old man, who art silly, 

And of whom J can get no good ; 
Thy dog or thy hound will not be let in 
With thee, to the court of the king of justice. 

m 

0. If it were I that were acquainted with God, 
And that my hound were at hand : 
I would reconcile him with my hound, 
Whoever gave food to myself. 

P. Say not so, old man, 

And thou at the end of thy life ; 
Unjust, without doubt, is the sentence, 
Which thou passest upon my king. 

0. Better were any one mighty hero only, 

Who was in the ranks of the Fians of Eire, 
Than the Lord of piety, 
And thou thyself, Cleric. 

P. Oisin of the sharp blades, 

That speakest words of madness ; 
God is better for one day, 
Than all the Fians of Eire. 

q. Though I am now deprived of lordship, 
And am at the close of my life ; 
Patrick, do not cast reproach, 
Upon the nobles of the Clan la Baoisgne. 



38 

O. <Da Tt)-b]A8 A5<M1)|*A ConAt), 

jreAn rt^-lAbAncA t)A pe|t)t)e ; 
bo bfij|*eA8 re bo ceAi)t)f\v, 
A|X|5 An?eAf5 bo cle|ne. 

P. Bbe|c A5 fjoncftAcc A|t At) b-'peint), 

a f-eAnojn, i)* bAoc bo con; 
cuiii)t)i5 56 b-cAir>i3 bo nAe, 
A Y 3 AD n ? AC ^^ ^P &0 f or >* 

21ca cu Anf A|8, ^oi]tbce, 1|ac, 
b'in)C]5 bo 6|aU aY bo 5neAt)t) ; 
le|5 bjoc Ai) corbftAb b]Ai), 
a'|* b^A]8 bo leAbA8 a b-plA|ceAf caII. 

O. <Do cobUf Art)ui5 pA't) c-pljAb, 

■pAOJ 8flUCC l]AC Aft bAnjl CUArjt) J 1 

t)|0|t cleAcc Ijoti) leAbA8 5AT; b|A8, 
peA8 bo b]A8 £|a8 An ah 5-ct)oc ub caII. 

P. 2lcA cu An TtjeAnu^Ab a t)-be]jte b-AO]|*e, 

lb|fi flise 8||icac A5AI* CAtt) ; 

feACA]t) fljje CAtt) 1)A b-p|A1), 

aY c|ocpA|8 A|t)5]l <D6 pAOi b' ceAi)i). 

O. <t)A rn-bei8|rn)p A5up P'oa^aj* pjaI, 

A3U]- < t)|A|irf)uib Ai)0||' A|x An rn-bAll ; 

&VV 5AC y\'\jfi b'A|t TjAbAnjAjt ni^tt), 

3ATJ coAb bo't) clejjt bo 56AbAtt)AO|f* At)t). 

P. F^il, a 0|fjn, t)A rnAflA|3 At) clejn, 

cAt)Af bjt|AcpA <De At) 3AC bAll; 
njurjA 1©13K|8 cu 8joc at? cott)nA8 b|Ai), 
]y rnon At) p| At) ac A Ab ceAnt). 

1 \}lx\\\x cftAtji), tops of trees, i.e., his bed was made of the tender 
brandies of the trees, and of the foliage. The "grey dew" referred 



39 

0. Were Conan with me, 

The reviler of the Fenians ; 
He would break thy head, 
Within among thy clerics. 

P. To be ever talking of the Fians, 

old man, is silly work ; 
Remember that thy hour is come, 
And take the son of God in thy behalf. 

Thou art old, withered, and hoary, 

Thy understanding is gone, and mirth ; 

Leave off thy vehement talk, 

And thy bed shall be in heaven beyond. 

0. I slept out on the mountain, 

Under grey dew on the tops of trees : 

1 was never used [to go] to bed without food, 
Whilst there was a deer on yonder hill. 

P. Thou art astray at the close of thy life, 

Between the straight way and the crooked ; 

Shun the crooked path of pains, 

And God's angels will come under thy head. 

0. Were I and Fergus the generous, 

And Diarmuid, now on the spot ; 
In every path that we ever passed, 
Despite the clerics we would pass. 

P. Cease Oisin, do not insult the clerics, 

Who proclaim God's word every where ; 
If thou wilt not leave off thy insolent talk, 
Great is the punishment that awaits thee. 

to, is the hoar frost so frequent in the months of September and 
October. 



40 

O. 4)0 bA&A|*A A^Uf £UlC T1A b-plAIJU, 

a't eoftc Art TA|t|i<xi8 uA]t)T) a d^Igai)!;; 
bA rbeAr*A l|Ort) t)Ac b-pACA At) V]a8, 
tia bo cl]A|i|*A bejc 5At) ceAi;i> 

p. 21ca CU bolAfAC JAI) c^aII, 

If TDeAfA bu|c n^ 0^ kqc bA U J 
bA b-rnijijceA bo riA&Artc AfCjj, 
bA rijori bo c|Ot) Afi flAiceAr- caII. 

O, <t)ob' Aice Ijort) Uim at) pu|c, 

t)6 TiAbAftc A|i bjiojc ib]rt bA ^leAtji) ; 

t)A a ir5eAllAr)T) bo boAlr-A 6Arn, 

aY a b-f:u|5|t)i) bo fulc a b-plAiceAr caII. 

p. 21ca bo rbuitii3ii) bAoc jat) fljocc, 

b'imc]3 bo fulc A3uf bo TjneArju ; 
rrjurjA i^lACAb cu rt)0 cort)A||ile '1306c, 
i;i b-pu]5ib cu bqc a buf tja caII. 

O. ( t)A rn-beib]i)Dn A3ur A1) f\)]Mm *V] u ti> 

Art bqijt) cijoic A5 CA|tnAii)5 Iaiji) j 1 
b'A]rbbeoit) leAb<v|i, cl]Ari, a'f clo|5, 
b|Ab T105A A5u]t)i) bejc a bur- rjo caII. 2 

P. ftj TiA^b pt;i)CA acc tt^Aft £aI piip, 

136 rt)Ari f|tuc aj ccacc 6 ^Ioatw; 
r;6 rtiAri fjoc^AOjce Aft ri^-AOilitjr) ct)0]C, 

3AC luCC AJAfb bA |tA|b |t|ATt) At)l). 

O. *t)o bA&Ar* a n)-BeAri|ir)A At) bA 3boiU, 3 

a b-pocAut luce i)A t;-A|trr> ceAijt; ; 
bob' feAftjt liorr) a tj-A^ce AjArr?, 
T)A At) cjiup 1*0 i;a rt)-bACAl 3-CArrj. 

1 Iauo, a blade, sometimes means the head of a lance or spear. In 
some copies of the poem the word beAijtj, is incorrectly substituted for 
Uut>, by illiterate scribes. 



41 

0. The Fenian chief and myself 

Were in quest of a boar, in a glen, 

'Twas worse to me that I saw not the deer, 

Than if thy clerics lost their heads. 

P. Thou art piteous and devoid of sense, 

That is worse for thee than being blind ; 

If thou didst get thy sight within, 

Great would be thy attachment to heaven beyond. 

0. I would take more delight in the bound of the buck, 
Or in looking at badgers between two glens ; 
Than in all that thy mouth promiseth to me, 
And all the joys I would get in heaven beyond. 

P. Thy hope is silly and fruitless, 

Thy joyousness and mirth are gone ; 

If thou this night rcceivest not my counsel, 

It shall not be granted to thee to be here or there. 

0. Were I and the Fenians this day 

On the summit of a hill drawing swords ; 

Despite of books, clerics and bells, 

We would have our choice of being here or there. 

P. They were but like the smoke of a wisp, 
Or like a rivulet coming from a glen ; 
Or like a whirlwind, on the peak of a hill, 
Each clan of you that ever lived. 

0. I was at Bearrna-an-da-Ghoill, 

By the clans of the stout arms ; 

I would prefer their face again, 

To this troop of the crooked croziers. 

2 U bur Q& call, on '^' s «'</* or that. A common Irish phrase for " in 
this world or the next." 

s bea|ini)A Ai) t>is 3bo|ll, i.e., the gap of the two Gollt. Not identified. 



42 

P. jf n)A]c aca a £iof* A5^n^ 

ca b-pu]l Aft l]C a'|* COft t)A ceAt)t) ; 

a'|* 3AT) luce T;e|nc A5 ceAcc bA CAb<vift. 

O. N] bftji) Iprr) bo Tjlofi 5<vt) fulc, 

cfA cA cu 5I1C A]t bo |iAr>t) ; 
x)\ clu|i)|n7 pe]t) peAb At) lojtj, 1 
bneAC Afi f nuc 2 r)& cone a r^leAtjn. 

P. Ma rneAllcAn cu a 3-cotr>Ainle at? cojnp, 

fl* rnAjc led f|u ce^cc Ab ceAnn; 

ftAfC T?A CObA TT70|]te A|l At) 5"CU|b TT)-b]3, 

6 t}AC nj-beATjouisceAn f<\b Abuf* r)A c<xll. 

O. *Da rn-b]Ab S3olb Ssejne A3Artj, 

t)6 Ofcujt 5I1C t»A 5-CAc b-ceAnrj ; 
r>] bi<\brr)AO|r 3AT) jreolrbAC Anocc, 
Ajt con)A]nle CI05 i)A feAcc Tt)-beAi)t). 

P 21 Oifjt), 6 b']n7C)5 bo cjaII, 

3IAC t)A bnjACftA |*o le 3neAr)t) ; 

!r beirblT) Morn 30 b-cn6j5nn An Fbl*VO, 

* T 3° T)3&AbA]n le <t>iA nA neAni;. 



1 peAb At) lojt). The whistle or song of the blackbird. 

* DfteAC An fnuc, a trout in the stream. Aquatic sports formed another 
of the Fenian amusements, and perhaps Oisin himself was the Izaak 
Walton of his day. Rowing boats (regattas ?) was another custom 
to which they were much addicted ; for at page 49, Vol . I. of the 
Society's Transactions, in a poem of six stanzas copied from the Book of 
Leinster, a manuscript of the twelfth century, now deposited in Trinity 
College Library, we find the following passage ; — 



43 

P. Well am I aware, [in his head, 

Where he is [stretched] on a flag-stone and a twist 
Scourges assailing him with poison. 
And no mighty clans coming to his aid, 

0. Not sweet to me [is] thy voice without cheer, 
Tho' thou art clever at thy verses ; 
1 hear not the blackbird's song, 
A trout in the rivulet, or a boar in the glen. 

P. Be not deceived by the counsel of the flesh, 
They shall be glad to dwell with thee ; 
The happiness of the great be on the few, 
As they are not blessed here or there. 

0. Were Scolb Sgeine with me, 

Or the wise Oscur of battles fierce ; 

We should not be without flesh this night, 

At the command of the bells of the seven tolls. 

P. Oisin, as thy understanding is gone, 
Accept these tidings with joy ; 
I verily believe thou wilt forsake the Fians, 
And that thou wilt walk with the God of heaven. 



it 



2lripccet)b cATtbAc frocnuc, 
jtjTJirjAin) b.\ ruic 6oti)f\o5 ; 
fto nMT\bA!)b cofic 7 CA]U CAft, 

«jo r^nsinft en aic 1TTJ03." 

Music, boating, rewarding, 

The prey most difficult I chose ; 

1 would kill a boar in the hard wood, 

I would rob a vengeful bird* of its eggs. 

• This bird is supposed to be the eagle. 



44 

O. )y 101)31) a Ijoti) bo cori7jtC\& b|At), 

a 6I61H15 b0 ciiAjt&A^ 3AC daII; 

A J1&& 50 &-Cft6l3f |1)f) pep) At) 'pblAW, 

P. <t)*v b-pAicpeApA rr)U]i)z]]x <De, 

A3 ]• u]6e 30 sleAfcA curt) pleAb j 

ir r<Mrw5 e b 1°r ^ca sac ros, 

t)A A3 rt)uir)C|fi "FbltH) 376 n?6fi A n?eAj*. 

5loijte 8jl a'|- cujt ]oi)A ceArjt) ; 

5UC At) AjcTvjje cojfi Atjojf, 

be]t) leo||i3i)]on) Abup <x'f i?a cajU caII. 

O. <£>0 CA]U TT)e tT)0 C|All Abllf, 

A'f ry\ bA rbeAfA Ijort) t)A 7*7 ij ; 
bo cAilleAf flow At) A13, 
V i?a KIT 1 &llne bo bj fqAl. 

P. 2lCA "plOtJl) a']- At; fY)]*VV AT)0|r, 

50 bubftotjAc Aft Ijc t)a b-pjAt) ; 

3Ajbre le tdac <De V d-ajc, 

a'|- t)j bei& bA03Al ojtc be]c 3At) c|aII. 

O. V\] cpeibjn) peio bo 51671 Atjoj r , 

A Clej|l|5 ^ A TT)-bACAl 5-CAtT) ; 

50 n)-b|A6 "Piood a'|- ao "pbjArjt; Afc^, 
Tt)ut)A b-j:u|3*-]r r ulc A bejc At)t). 

P. 31 *c At) A|cfti3e copi At)ojr, 

ful a 3-cu||i|:|6oAfi pjof Ab c|otjt;; 
3eill bo <Db|A, aV bejb pjof A3Ab, 

CJA ACO Af-CfT; 1)6 Att)U|C C*V "p|Ol)t;. 



0. I marvel at thy daring talk, 

cleric who hast visited every land ; 
To say that I would forsake the Fians, 

An open-hearted hospitable people, who were not 
niggardly. 

P. Didst thou see the people of God 
Seated attired at feasts ; 
More plenteous have they of each good cheer, 
Than the people of Fionn, tho' great their consi- 
deration. 

Better are ray tidings now, 

Glory bright and strive to attain to it, 

Receive true repentance now, 

Make atonement here and don't lose heaven. 

0. I have lost my reason here, 

And what I esteemed more than that ; 

1 have lost Fionn the noble, 

And the fine men, who were generous. 

P. Fionn and the Fenians now are [lying] 
Sorrowful on the flag-stone of pains ; 
Take thou [follow] the son of God in their stead, 
And there is no danger of thy being without sense. 

0. I believe not thy talk now, 

cleric of the crooked staffs ; 

That Fionn and the Fenians should be within, 

Unless they found pleasure in being there. 

P. Receive just repentance now, 

Before the summons shall be sent to thee ; 
Believe in God, and thou shalt know 
Whether Fionn is in [hell] or out of it. 



40 

O. <Da rt7-bjA6 T^ioijij A5ATI) A*f rr)Ac aij Loit), 1 

b|Af tjati 8nu]b o 5leo tja Iatjt) ; 
bAjrr)8eo|r) bo cl]ATi A3uf a 3-CI015, 
IT *3 U 1W & o bei&eA8 at? bAll. 

P» N] b|A8 ffr) co]8ce Aft bujt 3-cufi, 

If peATijt at) luce aca atjt) ; 
tt)ac Tt|5 T;e|rr>e 8jbfieAf t>a b-uilc, 
If TT)6fl A C|OT) ATI 8u]T)e 8aII. 

0. 2t)A'f bAll ACA TTTUItiqTl <De, 

A 'f S^^b jAb t)a &A|U ff AT)t)f<v leif ; 

Tf COfrbAjl 1)AC 5"CU|TtfeA8 At) "pblATJT), 

50 ceAC tja b-pjAt) b& f3Ti]0f. 

P. C]tA]8ceACC OTIC A feAT)6]]t, 

CArjAf t)A bfiiACfA bujle ; 

bob' fleATiTi <t)fA Tie b-AOT) uatti, 

tja f]^t)V^ 6|fieAT;T) u]le. 

O. 21 Pb&qtAic t)A bACAile CAirrje, 

bo be[Ti OTirr) fTieA3fA8 bAtjA; 
bo b]A8 bo bACAl t)a bTiuf^ATi, 
bA tT)-b|A8 Ofcuji bo Iacatti. 

<Da rr)-be]8eA8 rr>o tt>ac Ot-cuti A5uf <D|A, 
Iatt) Aft Iajtt) ATI Cbt;oc t)a b-pb]Ai)T) ; a 
bA b-f Aicfiutjfe njo rf)Ac ati Iati, 
beATifA]t)t) 3u]i feA|t Uibifi <Dja. 

Ciotjtjut* bob' fl6]b|Ti le <Dja, 

T)A A cl]ATl A bc|C 1)] buf f 6ATITI ; 

DA "Fioijt; fUjc, Rj3 da b-'PiAtjtj, 
bujrje fjAl bo bj 3AT) cAirrj? 

1 VJac at) Lojp, the name of Fiona Mac Cunihaill's spear. 



47 

0. Were Fionn and Mac an Loin with me, 

Two who never withdrew from the fight of the spears; 
Despite thy clerics and their bells, 
'Tis we that would hold the place. 

P. That would never come to your turn, 
A better tribe dwells there ; 
The Son of the King of heaven, who expels evil, 
Great is his love for a blind man. 

0. If the people of God are blind, 

And that the blind are they whom he loves best ; 
'Tis likely, he would not send the Fenians, 
To the house of pain to be exterminated. 

P. Misery attend thee, old man, 

Who speakest the words of madness ; 
God is better for one hour, 
Than all the Fians of Eire. 

0. Patrick of the crooked crozier, 

Who makes me that impertinent answer ; 
Thy crozier would be in atoms, 
Were Oscur present. 

Were my son Oscur and God 

Hand to hand on Cnoc-na-bh-Fiann, 

If I saw my son down, 

I would say that God was a strong man. 

How could it be that God, 

Or his clerics could be better men ; 

Than Fionn the chief king of the Fenians, 

A generous man without a blemish ? 

* Cnoc i)A b-frAM, i.e., the hill of the Fenians. Probably Cnoc-an-air, 
in the county of Kerry, is the hill referred to. 



48 

O. 3^C A t)-Ab<Vft cu a't* At; cl]A|t, 

bo fie^Ti |tjA5l<\c |t]5 t)a |teAi)i; ; 
bo bj fiib a b-"piAT)t;A]b Yh]VV, 
a'|* CA]b a b-plAiceAf <D6 50 ceAT)T). 

'Da n)-bei8eA& a^c Atjrj f-pf t)& f U0 T> 
bob' treAjtft r)A flAjceAt/ <t)e ; 
If at)T) bo ttaca8 "pTOT)!), 
&X A T tA l^ A 13 6 &0T ) pbeiW* 

21 beTjt cufA t)ac b-cejb £1aI, 

50 b-1FP eA W P A b-p]Atjij 50 b|tivtr ; 
xy\ |\A]b aot) ijeAC 'fAT) b-f^]\)i), 
T)AC |tA]b T^aI ATT)eAf3 c&t,c. 

<£>a b-pA|cpeA|-A, a cl&ifi|5 c&t,6, 

At) T^bl^Titi Ia A]t at) b-cfi&j^ 1 ub ceAf ; 
t)6 a Mat; La^a^t) 2 t)a fftocAT) feirr), 

Aft AT) b-'p&irjT) bA TT)6ft bO TT)eAT\ 

21 Pb^c|tA]c V^VY'^Z bo <t)bl A > 

at) cuitt)]T) leu* ai) "pblAT)t) bo bejc bed; 
t)0 a b-t:ACA]& fe fojft t)a f jaji, 
fi,l% bob' feAtijt t)A T,Ab a T)5leo? 

No A b-frACATb fe 't)A 6u|cce fe|T), 
3]6 ATtb 6 6t- Afi 3-C]Ot)T); 

A T)31,aII, A 3-CO3A8, T)6 A T)CA|tC, 

r:eA|i bo b] coTT^-rt^c le "p|ot)T). 

1 CT1&15, strand. This must refer to the battle of Ventry (Fionn 
Traigh) fought in the third century of the Christian era, between Dairo 
Donn, Monarch of the World, and the Fianna Eircann, now in pre- 
paration for the Society, from a manuscript of the fourteenth century. 



49 

0. All that thou and thy clerics tell, 

According to the laws of heaven's king ; [Fionn, 
These [qualities] were possessed by the Fians of 
And they are now powerful in God's kingdom. 

Were there a place, above or below, 
Better than heaven ; 
"Pis there Fionn would go, 
And all he had of the Fenians. 

Thou say est that a hospitable man 
Never goes to hell of pain ; 
There was not one among the Fenians, 
That was not hospitable amongst all. 

Uadst thou seen, chaste cleric, 

The Fenians one day on yon southern strand ; 
Or at Naas of Leinster of the gentle streams, 
Then the Fenians thou wouldst greatly have es- 
teemed. 

Patrick, enquire of God, 

Whether he recollects when the Fenians were alive; 

Or hath he seen east or west, 

Men their equal, in the time of fight. 

Or, hath he seen in his own country, 
Tho' high it be above our heads ; 
In conflict, in battle, or in might, 
A man who was equal to Fionn. 

2 Nai* lAjjjeAt), now Naas, in the county of Kildare, a noted place 
iu Fenian history. 

4 



50 

p. Oif|!) if b)r>t) Ijonj bo 3I0U, 

*'f beAt)t)ACc jrof* le b-Ayrttu]!) ^pbl^o; 
Aicfti|- bu|i)t) cA rbe-ib n A& > 

bO ri)A|tbA15 A|l Sbl|<\b 1)A U)-BAi) )-]01)\). 1 

O. <t)o |°5AO|leAn)A|t Aot) rbile cu, 

bob' ^eAjtfi liic a't; bo b] 3<an3 ; 
bo iu\z bA ^ia8 le 3A6 cu b]ob, 
a']* At) ojjieAb le-|]* AI ? b-pe] i)t) ujle. 

'DljCx co] i) b§A3 Aji Sbl|^b LllAC'lA, 2 
bA eo|t) ibop. a n)-BeAnnt)A At) ScajI j 3 

bA CO]]) A 1j- jAUCATt AT) KorbAjfl, 4 
A']* bA CO\X) At) AbA]t) Bb<M)t)A. 5 

<t)])^ co|t) A3 Cv\|n3io t)A 3-cloc, 6 

a'j* bA cop) A]i toe Jn|*e Uj Cbu]i)t) ; 7 
bA cop) a b-pboftrrjAoil t)A b-p|At)t), 8 
a'i* bA. co\\) Ai|i Sbll^b t)A tti-Bai) b-pbloi)i). 

21 PbC\C|tA|C, A 3-CUAlAb CU At) c-peA^, 

a tt)|c CAlptiuii)t) t)A pf aIu) ]*Att) ; 
rtjAU bo tti3t)eAb le 7~"iot)t) ]i)A AOt)A]t, 
a't; 3AI) Aor) t)eAC At)i) b'pb|At)t)Aib "pAil ? 

1 SIjaI> ha nj-lur) Ffoni), from rljAb, a mountain, t;a in-bAtj, of tlie wo- 
men, and t/ioijo. fair-haired ; literally, the mountain of the fair-haired 
women, now SliaLh-na-man in the county of Tipperary, which is situated 
within four miles of the town of Clonmel, and two of Carrick-on-Suir. 
Tor the legend of these fair-haired women, see an interesting paper on 
the Fenian Traditions of Sliabh na m-Ban, in the Transactions of the 
Kilkenny Archaeological Society, for 1851. 

2 Sl]Atj LuAcrvA, now Sliabh Luachar, in the counties of Cork and Kerry. 

* tJeAitfinA At) ScaU, Gap of Seal. See note, p. 4. 

* RoibAfi, now the Rower, an extensive district in the county of Kil- 
kenny, separated by the river Barrow from the town of New Ross. 

5 Daijija, the river U.mn, in the county of Wexford, celebrated by 
George Ogle in the beautiful song ; — 

" As down bj Banna's banks Ijitraj'd." 



51 

P. Oisin, sweet to mc is thy voice, 

And a blessing furthermore, on the soul of Fionn ; 

Relate to us how many deer 

Were slain at Sliabh-na-m-Ban Fionn. 

0. We loosened one thousand hounds, 
The swiftest, and the most fierce ; 
There fell by each hound two stags, 
And as many more, by all the Fenians. 

Twelve hounds at Sliabh Luachra, 

And two large hounds at Bearrna-an-Scail, 
Two hounds on the west of the Rower, 
And two hounds at the river Bann. 

Two hounds at Carrigeen of the rocks, 

And two hounds, at the lake of Inchiquin ; 
Two hounds at Formaoil of the Fians, 
And two hounds at Sliabh-na-m-Ban-Fionn. 

Patrick, hast thou heard of the chase, 
son of Calphruin of the tuneful psalms ; 
How it was made by Fionn alone, 
And no one with him of the Fians of Fail ? 

« Caitisit) tjA 5-cloc, Carrigeen of the rocks. This is the name of a 
townland, on the Walsh mountains, in the county of Kilkenny ; but whe- 
ther it is the Carrigeen alluded to in the text we cannot determine. 

7 Loc 1tjre U] Chuu}n, the lake of Inchiquin, literally, the lough of 
the Island of O'Quin. This romantic lake is situated in the parish of Kil- 
naboy, barony of Inchiquin, county of Clare, and is about two miles 
and a-half in circumference. It is bounded on its western side, by a range 
of rugged but richly wooded hills. It is from this lake, that the barony 
takes its name ; and the chief or head of the O'Briens, the Marquis of 
Thomond, took his more ancient title of Earl of Inchiquin. For a very 
interesting account of the connection of the O'Quin family, with this 
locality, see the Irish Penny Journal, No. 16, Dublin Journal, &e. Vol. 
II., pp. 136, 152. 

8 Vop.rr)Ao]l tja b-FjAtjt). This Formaoil is situated between Miltown 
and Ennia, in the county of Clare. 



n9 

P. Nj cuaIa8, a n7|c At) Hjj, 

a Oint) 5I1C t)A i?5T)ioit) t?5A|i3; 

AjCfiif b<vtt) a'|* i)A CAt) 36, 

cjorjbuf bo |ti5t)eAb l|b At) t-feAl.5 ? 

O. H] cAi)Att)Aoirr)e At) *pblAt)t) 50, 

A'f bjt§A5 llT)T) TJJOJI fATt)lA5 tlJAtt) ', 

le iqwoo *Y ^ e TjeAftc Ap Iath, 

bO C]5rT}|f flAT) A J* 5AC 5l]A&. 

Njoji fiqb cleifteAc a 5-C|U, 
5I& b|t)t) l]b a cAOAjb pfAlrrj ; 
bob' jreAjtri jtocaI 1)a At) T^bl <*')')> 
•pi|i t)Ari loc a tjjljAb 3<\|tb. 

Njojt fiqb cl^ifieAc a 5-C]ll, 

a Pb<xcftAic cAoirt) \x h\x)\) slofi ; 
bob' pejle r)A piorrr) £ejr), 
jreAji t)AC caoI bo brtot)t)A8 6{t. 

<t)& tt)Ai|tpeA8 ttjAC 2t)6|tt)A trjeAjt, 
t)6 "Soil caIitja r)A]t CAjt f&Ab ; 
1)6 njAC Ui C)buibr)e t)A rt)-bAt), 
at) Iaoc bo cujrieAb cac Afi ceAb. 

<t>A rtjAiripcAb ^eArisuf jqle p|Al, 

pCAfl A 5-CAt)CA bo JtOt)A A|t At) b-*pC|t)l) ; 

t)6 t)A]rie bo f-cit)i)eA8 5AI) locc, 
a D^uc bo 6I05 rvj b|Ab mo |*pe|f. 

'Da rt)A||tpeA8 rt)AC 5*tM lA 1 b 1)0. Iai)i), 
At) jreAft t)^[t 3At)t) A5 cup At) a|h ; 
Ofcuri t)6 tt)AC Roi)A]t) 3|tit)i), 
bo c|tot)At) fAt) 3-C|ll t)|op f^jrt). 



53 

P. I have not heard, son of the king, 
wise Oisin of the fierce deeds ; 
Eelate to me and tell no untruth, 
How the chase was made by ye ? 

0. We [the Fenians] never used to tell untruth, 
Falsehood was never attributed to us ; 
By truth and the might of our hands, 
We came safe out of every conflict. 

There never sat a cleric in a church, 

Tho' melodiously ye think they chant psalms, 
More true to his word than the Fians, 
Men who never shrunk from fierce conflicts. 

A cleric never sat in a church, 

Patrick mild of the sweet voice ; 

More hospitable than Fionn himself, 

A man who was not niggardly, in bestowing gold. 

If Mac Morna the swift were now alive, 
The mighty Goll, who loved not jewels ; 
Or, the son of O'Duibhne of the women, 
The hero who used to engage a hundred in the fight. 

If Feargus, the hospitable bard, were alive, 

He who used to bestow their songs on the Fenians ; 

Or Daire who used to sing without fault, 

In the sound of thy bells, I would take no pleasure. 

If Mac Garadh of the blades were alive, 
He who was not slow, in making slaughter ; 
Oscur oi' Mac Ronain the cheerful, 
Your droning in the church would not be pleasant. 



54 

O. <t>A rr)Ai|t|*eA& 2iobb Be*5 ttjac Fbim), 

t)6 "pAolAt) 5rMt)i} i)A|t ^FT 1 O^ac; 
t)6 Cot)*\t) 2t)Aol bo b| 5AT) 5|tuA|3, 
jp |Ab b'p^5 rrje |*ao| T-nuAirt) le |*eAl ! 

No At) c-AbAC beA5 bo h) A5 piorvr), 

bo cu^eAb'5Ac bu|T)e t)a co||tc|ro fttAiT) ; 

bA b|T)t)e Ijort) |*uA|rr) a tt)&A|i, 

t*a a b-|*u|l bo'i) clejji a 5-C1U a't* a b-tuAjc. 

0|* AT)OCC 1)AC TT)A|neAT)T) At) "pblAt)t), 

t>A pjour) |*iaI t)A T)-biu\|* ; 

bo bobA|t |*|AT)|*At) t)A p|*Alrr), 

A V 3^1t 3A|tb t)a 3-CI05 rt)0 cIiiai*. 

P. Sjuift &0 D&< *1 A feAT)6|fl fuA||lC, 

i)A bj peApbA A5 Iua8 t;a b-fi&vv ; 

a'|* 50 V)-beACAbA|l COUC TT)A|t AT) 5-CeO, 

A 'r 3° T)-b&]b 50 beo a osIat* V* b-p|Aii ! 

O. NA b"AbA]Tl flO, A PbACrtAjC ^llC, 

a'|* i)ac TiAjb a ri b|c tja A|t T)eATT) i)A r;5|tA|*, 
aot) Iaoc le a rr)-beAjtf*A|6e buAb, 

A|l CeAT)T) At) C-flllA]^, pi 01)1} **0 AI5. 

2t)ut)A rt)-b6|beA& t)a 5eA|*A bo bj A|t pbioiji), 
a'|* i)A|t rbjAr* lej|* b|i||*eA8 cnib ; 
A b-|*u|l |b||t r*eAif) A5u|* Iah, 
T)| clAO|b|.*|bj|* Iatt) tt)0 m^. 

P. J|* 6 too mj-rc 6CAlbA|5 T)eATT), 

II* 6 bo be||t i;eA|tc bo Iaoc ; 
II* e bo curt) At) b|oc-buAT), 
II* 6 bo bc||i blAc i)A 5-c|tAob. 



55 

0. If Aodh Beag the son of Fionn were alive, 

Or Faolan the jovial who never refused any one ; 
Or Conan Maol who was without hair — 
They left me sorrowful for a while ! 

Or the little dwarf whom Fionn had, 
Who put each man into heavy sleep ; 
More melodious to me was the sound of his fingers, 
Than all the clerics in church and laity. 

As tonight the Fenians do not live. 
Or the hospitable Fionn of the gifts ; 
The loud chanting of the psalms, [hearing. 

And the hoarse sound of the bells have deafened my 

P. Cease thy talk, pleasant old man, 

Be not henceforth talking about the Fenians ; 
For they have passed thee by like a mist, 
And will be for ever, in the fetters of pain ! 

O. Say not so, O Patrick the wise, 

For there was not on earth or in heaven of grace, 

Any hero able to gain victory, 

Over the head of our host, Fionn the noble. 

Had it not been for the injunctions imposed on Fionn, 
Which he would not break through ; 
All that is between heaven and earth, 
Would not subdue the hand of my king. 

P. It is my king, who formed the heavens, 

It is he, who gives might to the warrior ; 

It is he, that created the universe, 

It is he, that gives the blossom of the trees. 



56 

P. )x e bo 6eAlbA|5 6*1*34 a'** 3fi.*An, 

-\X e bo be-fi jAfS «*T* hw ; 

It* e bo cnucAj-5 sopc a'j* j*eA*t, 

T}] \)-\OX)S>X)X) a'** eACCA pblPO- 
O, ft] Aft CjtUCUJAb 5OJIC T)A J*&*fl, 

C115 rno jtis-re T**^" * bu-l; 

ACC Aft COf5A||tC COftpA Iaoc, 

A|t cof-nAtf" cn]OC, a'j* Aft cun a clu. 

^T* f u 1P31 & > A T l 1">ittc, A|t fe|l3, 
Aft nocco»8 rneinTje a b-cujf 5leo ; 
Aft **T)|nc £|cc|lle, 1 a'|* An- ft) An}, 
a'|* A]t feice<\n) ca*c a b-q-5 At) 6-1. 



1 T"|cceAll, Chess. This was the favorite game of the ancient Irish 
chieftains; and is frequently referred to in the earliest manuscripts 
extant. In leAbAfi t)A 5-CeAnc (Book of Rights), p. lxi. the follow- 
ing account of this game, copied from leAbAfi tja b-Ujbjtj, a manuscript 
of the twelfth century, is given ; and it will serve as a curious specimen 
of the language of that period : - 

'*Cja c-Ajt)tt)-reo ? ol GoebAjft. M| AjtbAjjtc ron, ol \&, 2*)|b]ri Dries 
lejc. Cjb hoc noAcc ? ol GocfjAiS ? too jnjbijtc jribcjlle pnjcru, ol re-. 5ilnj 
njAjc r© enj, ol CocbAjfe, pott f]ic\\\ ? 21 FtioiijAS&fin, ol 2f)i&j*t. 21ca, ol 
eocl)A|6 jnb n-jSAt) 1 *)-<*» coclub, jr le 1*) cech aca jt) jqicell. 2lcA rutjb 
cet)Ae, ol Snjbjn ri^cell ijao tnerro. l)A Fit*. ofjclAjt OAHSF ocu r Fit*- °1P, 
ocur r-«ttrunu6 [.1 U\rA&] caca bAjjtbi F°t*-r in cUit b| iuc 105194*11, ocur 

ten bol5 bj TPT5T T*- or >& cjteburi'Ae. CcrlUjfi 2t)l&m 10 *rf6c]U jAjt ri"- Irtjbjfi, 
ol Sfljbift. Nj iinrtjenAcc bj 5ju.ll, ol Coc'ja&. Cjb sell bjAr Apt) ? ol 
21)tbjjt. CutnnjA Ijtt), ol CochAjb. Koc bjA IjtpfA, ol 2l)jbjtt, tt)A cii bejter 
ti)o cocell cagsac 5Abujt ij-bubjjjlAr." 

" ' What is thy name ?' said Eochaidh. ' It is not illustrious,' replied 
the other; ' Midir of Brigh T.eith.' 'What brouglit thee hither ?' said 
Eochaidh. ' To play fithcheall with thee,' replied he. ' Art thou good 
at fithcheall? said Eochaidh. 'Let us have the proof of it, replied 
Midir. ' The queen,' 6aid Eochaidh, ' is asleep, and the house in which 
the fithcheall is belongs to her.' 'There is here,' said Midir, 'a no 



57 

It is he, that made the moon and the sun, 
It is, he that brings fish into a lake ; 
It is he, that formed field and grass, 
Not like the deeds of Fionn. 



0. 'Twas not in forming fields and grass, 
That my king took delight ; 
But in mangling the bodies of heroes, 
In contesting kingdoms and spreading his fame. 

In courting, playing, and hunting, 

And unfolding his banner, in the front of the fight; 

In playing at chess and swimming, 

And in beholding all in the house of drinking. 



worse fithchcall.' This was true, indeed : it was a board of silver and 
pure gold, and every angle was illuminated with precious stones, and a 
man-bag of woven brass wire. Midir then arranges the fithcheall. 
•Play,' said Midir. 'I will not, except for a wager,' said Eochaidh, 
'What wager shall we stake?' said Midir. *I care not what,' said 
Eochaidh. ' I shall have for thee,' said Midir, 'fifty dark grey steeds, 
if thou win the game.' " 

In Hardiman's Irish Minstrelsy, Vol. II., p. 372, there is an Irish 
poem ascribed to Aldfred, king of the Northumbrian Saxons, and said 
to have been composed by him, during his exile in Ireland, A.D. 685, in 
which he describes the Ossorians, as expert hands at the game, in the 
following stanza :- - 

" Ro bbcAC 6 AtioiT) cosle, 
21 cqri Alojnn Om<M5be, 
2t)iolU TTj|lreAcb uaII tnori rnjAcbc, 
T=Ut)t)A tfori* n&bcblolUcF)c." 

I found from Arato Gle, 
In the rich country of Ossory, 
Sweet fruit, strict jurisdiction. 
Men of truth, chess playing. 



58 
O. 21 Pb&cftAic, ca jtAjb bo 4)b|A, 

AT) CAT) C&]T)1C AT) b]Af CATl leAjl ? 

C115 led beAT) ^13 LocIat)i) tja lot>5, 

le'fl CU]C TOTT)Ab T*OT)T) f*AT) CjteAf ? 

Ho AT) CAT) cA]t)jC AT) C>eATt3 b]AT), 
TT)AC Tt]3 1ocIaT)T) T)A T31AC T)-0)Tt ; 
CTieAb T)Afl T-OTICA15 Tt]5 T)A T)AOTT), 
b6]b ATI be|TT)|OT)T)A|b AT) T>1Tl TT)6]Tl ? 

ftd AT) CAT) C&1T)13 2t)A3t)Uf TT)OTt, 

at) feA|t bA borib a i)3leo T)Ari cirtj ; 

If COfrT)A|l bA TT)A|]tpeA& bo |l}3, 

30 5-cujbeocAb le f^ATjTjAib pbli)t)« 

No AT) CAT) CA]T)13 ^A]lc TT)AC T^JteOlT), 

AT) peATV ATI AT) b-peiT)t) bO CU|Tl AT) C-ATl ; 
T)] le <t)lA bO CU^C AT) CUTIA8, 
ACC le b-OfCUTl AtT)eAT/5 CAC. 

2l]lleAT)T), TT)AC Ba&TT)A TT)6|Tt, 

le TT^llq "CeATT)Al]t T)A fluA^ b-CfieAT) ; 

t)ioti Iaitt) xV)t m& "^IT 1 &0 TM3» 

bill bA clAO]b ACC pJOT)!) pejT). 

)ott)8a cac, TT)Aibn), a't- 5I1A&, 
bo corT)6|tA8 Tie "pjAODAib "pAjl; 

T)T CUaIa8 50 T)-beA|tT)A eACC 

Tl'13 T)A T)AOTT), T)A 3Uft beATt5 A IaJIT). 

P. t-ei5irr)jr b'Aji 3-corT)6ftcAT' ati 5AC CAob, 
a feAtjont cttjt) aca 5AT) ce]U ; 

CU13 3° fc _ K u ll ^! A A P VeATT) T)A T)-OTlb, 

A5uf "piot)!) a'i* a f-loisce u]le a b-pe|i)i). 



59 

0. Patrick, where was thy God, 

When the two came across the sea ; [the ships, 

Who carried off the queen of the king of Lochlin of 
By whom many fell here in conflict. 

Or when the mighty Dearg came, 
The son of the king of Lochlin of the golden shields ; 
Why did not heaven's king protect them, 
From the blows of the great man ? 

Or when Maghnus the great landed, 
He who was fierce in dread conflict ; 
'Tis likely, had your king then lived, 
That he would have joined the Fians of Fionn. 

Or when Tailc mac Treoin arrived, 

He who on the Fians great slaughter made ; 
'Twas not by God the hero fell, 
But by Oscur in the presence of all. 

Ailleann, the son of Badhma the great, [spoiled, 

By whom Temor of the powerful hosts used to be 
There did not dare [even] if thy king lived, 
To go to conquer him but Fionn himself. 

Many a battle, victory, and contest, 
Was celebrated by the Fians of Fail ; 
I never heard that any feat was performed 
By the king of saints ; or that he reddened his hand. 

r. Let us cease our comparison on both sides, 

Withered old man, who art devoid of sense ; 
Understand that God dwells in heaven of the degrees, 
And Fionn and his hosts are all in pain. 



60 

O. Ba rbop AT) T)&ifte |-^r> bo toblA, 

3AT) 3IAT/ i)A b-p)At) bo biiA|t) b"pb]OT)T) ; 

A311T/ <D|A p^]T>, bA TT)-b|A8' A TT}-b|tU|b, 

30 b-cftOjbjreAb At) plAjc cA|t a ceAT)t). 

Njop ^uIa^j 7^1 0T ?t> Aft peA8 a fiAe, 
TjeAc bo be|C a b-p£i,T)T) t)A a T)3uAft*; 
5AT) puAf5lAb Aft le b-Af p3eAb t)6 6ft, 
le cac vo sleo, 30 TT)-bejfteA8 buA&. 

)\ TDATC AT) CeATJT) bATT) ATI bO tobfA, 

befc ATT?eAf3 a elf Aft, njAft cC\frr) ; 
3AT) b|A8, 3AT) &a8ac, 3ATT ceol, 
3AT) befc A3 b|tOT)t)A& 6fft Aft 8a]tt). 

5aTT 3&fft t)A r>3A&A|t T)A T)A TTOC, 

3ATT bejc coftbeAb pope T)A cuatt ; 

bo c|or)t) a b-T;uAjtAT/ b'eAfbAb at? bf8e, 

ttta]C]ttt bo ]t|3 t>e|rbe An/ uacc. 

3att f/"^> 3AT) TriA5A|6eAcc, 3AT1 Flow, 
5AT) r^nSl 8 Kl*l-bAT), 5An rpo|ic; 
3AT) fu|8eA6 a i;-|OTiAb rnAft bA 6uaI, 
3AT) po^lufir) cleAf luc T)A 5leo; 

p. t-^13 cufA bo be]c b'& pioti), 

A 1171,0 At) F|3 bA TT)AJC clli; 

5e|ll bo'i) ce bo 3t)j8 5AC tt)Ajc, 
cjtort) bo ceAt)T) a't; freAC bo ^lut). 

BuAfl b'ucc a'|* bofftc bo bcoji, 
cpefb bo'Ti ce ca by bo cjouo; 
318 311ft b']Of3i)A leAc a Iua8, 
IX & bo JIU3 biiA]8 aji 7~b|<>un. 



Gl 

0. Great would be the shame for God, 

Not to release Fionn, from the shackles of pain ; 
For if God himself were in bonds, 
The chief would fight on his behalf. 

Fionn never suffered in his day 
Any one to be in pain or difficulty ; 
Without redeeming him, by silver or gold, 
By battle or fight, till he got the victory. 

It is a good claim for me on thy God 
To be among his clerics, as I am ; 
Without food, without clothing or music, 
Without bestowing gold on bards. 

Without the cry of the hounds or of the horns, 
Without guarding harbours or coasts ; 
For all that I have suffered for lack of food, 
I forgive heaven's king in my will. 

Without bathing, without hunting, without Fionn, 
Without courting generous women, without sport, 
Without sitting in my place, as was due, 
Without learning feats of agility or fighting. 

P. Cease recounting them, 

son of the king whose fame was great ; 
Submit to Him who doeth all good, 
Stoop thy head and bend thy knee. 

Strike thy breast and shed thy tear, 
Believe in Him who is above ; 
Though thou art amazed at its being said, 
'Twas he gained victory over Fionn. 



G2 

O. 21 PbC\qiAjc, bA it)-be|6|t)t;i*| 5AT) c^jll, 
bo |*5Ajt|*A|T)r) leb' cl&i|i a 3-qr)t) ; 

T)| b|A8 leAbAjl 1)A bACAl bAt), 

t)A CI05 cjiaca Atjrj bo cjll. 

21 bubA||tc Oino, rrjo |*5oaI cftitA5 ! 
i?| b]t)i) l]Oxr) puAin? bo b&jl; 

50]lpeAbfA 50 |*|tA|*, ACC T)l f A tJbjA, 

acc j*ao| pblo^Tj t)A b-T^Arw 5AT) bejc beo ! 

P. 2t)Aji bo 5eAllA]f A|cjtjj* bujijT), 

tT^IS* r eA cuii?, Puac a'|* KeA|ts ; 
n)A]t bo 5eAllA|i* ]VV]X A1 ^°ir> 
qopbuf bo fi|5T)eA& l|b At) c-feAh-,. 1 

O. Miojt b']OTJ5t)A &ujt)tj a bejc bftdijAC, 

a'|* ceAi)t) Aji fl6|5 ^ e 1^ &'&|t t)-fc>ic ; 
3]8 b'& bo rt)AojcpeA& oftu|r*r; jatj 5A||te, 
II* bu|tjt) bob' AbbA|t bejc A5 cao| ! 

» 2lt) c-reAls, the chase. This poem, which forms part of the 2l5AlUtij, 
and generally comes in here in our Irish manuscripts, is printed in full 
in Miss Brooke's Reliques of Irish Poetry, p. 412, Dub. 1816, with a me- 
trical translation at p. 91, to which we refer the reader. The Rev. 
Dr. Drummond has also made a highly poetic translation of it, which 



63 

0. Patrick, were 1 without sense, 

I would take off the heads of thy clerics ; 
There would not be a book or crozier bright, 
Or matin bell left in thy church. 

Oisin said, sorrowful is my tale ! 
The sound of thy lips is not sweet to me ; 
I will cry my fill, but not for God, 
But for Fionn and the Fians not being alive ! 

P. As thou hast promised, relate to us — 
Forsake, shun, hatred and anger — 
As thou hast promised, relate to us now, 
How the chase was made by you. 

O. No wonder we should be sorrowful, 

Whilst bereft of the head of our host ; ' 

Whoever may boast over us that we are not joyful, 

'Twas we that had cause to weep ! 

is published in his Ancient Irish Minstrelsy. The legend which gave rise 
to the Poem of the Chase, is frequently alluded to in Irish Manuscripts, 
and is interwoven with the romance, entitled «' Fejr Zfee Choi)&ii) CblDO 
Sblejbe, which formed the Second Volume of our Transactions. The 
scene is laid at Sliabh Guillinn, in the county of Armagh. 



C%Z\) C\)HO)C 2tN 21JK. 



O. 13o bAttiAtt ujle At) ^bl^t) A'f )~|O0t), 

a 5-c6|rbc|orjol A]t At) 5-ct)OC t/o T/jA|t; 

A 3 I^IT^ ^T 1 cleAfAjb luc, 

a']* XWO 3° f^ A ^ A 3 CA|C]ori) I1A3. 1 

Cjo8 ettAcc bu]t)t) ArblAiS f|t), 

a bubAijtc bjiAOi "CeAri^ftAC 2 30 ^\]VV 3I1C ; 
If e<x5*l \}ox\), a pblOO t)A b-FblAT)T), 

TJAC ^AbA At) J11A1) 5U|l &0]l|3 fc>"jb. 

Crieab fo ATjojf, bo jiai8 T^io^tj, 

le a b-cui5ceAjt leAC ati 5-cu^f bobjidjt) ; 
aY tjac b-piql Iaoc pAO| At) r^Tteit), 
t)ac b-pujl T/At) b-pbei^t; T/eAfArb led. 

t CAiciori) I1A5, throwing or casting stones. This singular custom was 
carried on to a great extent in the early part of the present century ; 
and, it is traditionally said that the tullAitj or pillar-stones, found in 
various parts of Ireland, were the "cIoca tjeiTic," of the Fenians, and 
that Fionn Mac Cumhaill himself made no great hoast of casting one of 
these huge rocks from the hill of Almhuin (Allen), where his palace 
stood, across to the hill of Howth, a distance of about twenty miles. 
In"eAccfiA tijjc tja ti)i-corijA]Tile," or The Adventures of an Ill-advised 
Son, by Carroll O'Daly, better known on account of his rhyming pro- 
pensities, as — 

" CeATibAll bU)6e t)A ij-AbrUxi), 
Oo fejooeab rcneAt)t)cAi) ati ceAfc>A]b." 

Swarthy Carroll the rhymer, 
Who would play a ditty on the harp, 
the custom is thus referred to : — 

" la. t)A b-treATi 'ouAiri CAfA5 n>e fAt) c-fllAb, 
Stl'r l & VA b-r/eATi bo caichoo M°5 "JAti lAb." 

On the day that the men were mustered, I met tbem on the hill, 
On the day that the men were mustered I'd cast a stone as well as any 
of them. 



THE BATTLE OF CNOC AN AIR. 



O. We were all. the Fians and Fionn, 

Assembled on this hill to the west ; 

Practising feats of agility, 

And we so mirthful casting stones. 

Not long were we so, 

When the Druid of Tara, wisely said ; 
I greatly fear, Fionn of the Fians ! 
That the time is not far when thou shalt regret. 

What means this, saith Fionn, 

That thou foretel our cause of grief; 

There is not a hero under the sun, 

Who among the Fians cannot find his match. 

Carroll O'Daly was the most celebrated wit of his day, as well as the 
most eccentric character. He was the first harper of his time, and author 
of that beautiful and soul-stirring song " e|bljr> a Riiit)," or, Ellen, the 
secret of my heart, which he composed for the daughter of Kavanagh, 
the history of which is so well known, that there is no necessity for 
repeating it here. 

2 "Op.60] CeATT)ttAc, the Druid of Tara. According to our ancient an- 
nalists, Tigearnmas, monarch of Ireland, of the race of Heremon, was 
the first who introduced the worship of idols into Ireland, about nine 
centuries before the Christian era ; and it is stated, that while wor- 
shipping the Crom Cruach, the chief deity of the Irish Druids, along 
with a vast assemblage of his subjects at Magh Sleacht in Breifne, on 
the feast of Samhuin, one of their Deities (the day dedicated to whose 
rites was the same as the last day of October), he himself, with three- 
fourths of his people, were struck dead by lightning, as a punishment 
from heaven for his introduction of idolatry into the kingdom. See 
Connellan's Four Masters, p. 75, note. For a learned Dissertation on 
Druidism in Ireland, see O'Conor's Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptores 

Veteres, Tom. I., Proleg. Pars. 1., pp. xx xxxiv. 

5 



66 

O. C|tei& uAimj'e, * fb]t)t), i)A 3-cjuia8 Iai)1), 
50 b-jni'l Ai) c6|ji a r>30)|teACc bAO'b; 
jreAc i)A tj&aIa j*oIa' ub, 
A 3 bA5A|t 8ubAc CAO]b aji cAO]b. 

<t)"f:eAC f]Oi)i) 6f A cio»)t) r u *r> 

a'j* bO COl)A1ftC CUAjl J*oIa 30 CJI&A1); 

11* eA5Al l]ort), bo jia-8 At) |*ao|, 

50 b-qocpAjb Ait-juAn* Ajt At) b-pbeiOU- 

<t)o 50-|t p-or)*) ciq3e Ofcu]t, 

a'f bubA]|tc, a cuftA]8 tja Iai)*) 3eAft, 
■\y cujbe 8ujc a be*t A3 caoj, 
feAC A]t f'lsnjb At) Ae8]|i. 



21 ]t]5 i)A h-fh\^VV, &o tiAjS Ofcu|t, 
t)a 5IAC b]o85 i)A Ai)bpAi)r) tjt]b ; 
acA i)eA]tc a'|* luc Ab 5&A5A]b, 
a']* cjtort)-f , luA3 cri&At) rieb' CAO-b. 

<Do cATceATt^Ajt u-le ai) Yty&xyr), 
]*CAlAb A3 3|t|T)T)-ATt)AjtC t)A ijeul ; 
bo bj bfteAti) A3iqr)t) -f*o]lb]ft, fubAC. 
a't bjteAtt) eile bubAc t)A 1)5156. 

4)0 lAbAjfi Coijai) 2 bo 311c Aftb, 
A 3 u r IT* ^ & o T^l** 30 bo|ib cjteAi) ; 

1)| b-pUll 1)eAC b'Ajt ACJtA]3 bAC, 

Abbu-ri) rpfe-jij acc feAjt ^AOt). 

1 N6aU poU, clouds of blood. The Irish still look upon any changes 
in the clouds as portentous of some forthcoming event ; and here, Fionn 
foresaw the destruction which awaited the Fenians at Cnoc-an-air. 

2 Coijsxp was the most noisy person in the Fenian ranks, though, at 



67 

0. Believe rue, Fionn of the tempered blades, 
That the foe is nigh at hand ; 
Behold those clouds of blood, 
Threatening gloomily side by side. 

Fionn gazed above his head, 
And he beheld a mighty omen of blood. 
I greatly fear, saith the sage, 
That a ruin of slaughter will come upon the Fians. 

Fionn called Oscur to him, 
And said, hero of the sharp blade, 
'Tis likely that thou shalt be mourning ; 
Behold the portents in the heavens. 

king of the Fenians, saith Oscur, 
Be not startled, or depressed by them ; 
There is might and strength in thy arms, 
And a mighty host at thy side. 

We, the Fenians, all spent, 

Some time keenly beholding the clouds ; 
Some of us were merry and gladsome, 
And others with gloomy countenances. 

Conan spoke with a loud voice, 

Exclaiming haughtily and proudly ; 
There is no one whose colour changed, 
I confess, but a coward. 

the same time, the most contemptible. For an account of his enchant- 
ment in the Bruighin Chaorthainn, and what he suffered there, we would 
refer the reader to that cv.rious tract, which will hereafter form one of 
the Society's publications. 



63 

O. 21 fh]VW iV\c CurbA|U, bo |tivj8 Ai) <t)nA0f, 

qorjol bo bu|8eAt) Ab' 6^|l, 
a'i* no|t;r;ceAji ]Ab leAc Aft leAc, 
50 r)-bO|t)ib ^A]|te aji ceACC bo't) r)Ari)A|b? 

<Do fe]i)r) "p]ot)r) At) <t)6nb } r b]At)ij; 
A'r b'i*rieA5Aift j-jAb ]r>A 05^1; 
5AC peAn rrjiv luA]c A5 ceACC, 
e]b|ji >*U\|c, chjac, a'i* cA]r>. 

2l]ct)e6cAb Atjojf, A]x 'pioiji) 50 pion, 

5AC rjeAC bATt) bufboAt) le'fi b'iout;f a 1176 ; 
a'|* jrof* 5AC t;eAC bA b-pu]l bort) puAc, 
njA ciqn]b |*UAf a be|c borr/ Tie^n. 

O. 21 OfCU|]t, bo n&jb "pioijp A|t b-ciif, 

6j* cu ufifA 1 a'|* luc, t>a b-'pjAi.)!); 
At) b-pAiftpib cu 30 Ia ne CAC, 
ceA<ic bo't; rj&rbA^b z\ cu3A]t)r) A5 cji]aII. 

^lApnAi5iri) b]oc Arjoif, a "pblW, 
Ai) bul curt) |*ua]o bob' -Sv^l leAc; 
rrjojt if)A]|*e 8u]c, a'j* bA rb]-clu, 
rtj&Y eA3Al leAc rjAfrpbe ceACC. 

Mj le b-AijbpAt)!) ito]rb l<v]rb cac, 
bo ]tAcpA|r)0 cn&c curt) fUAfi) ; 
acc 5un £|op bu|c 5ujt 30&C Ijort), 
CA1fbeAt)Ab b'pAJAjl Aft 3 AC 3uah*. 

N] b]ulc6]3 Tt)|]*e pAfne fie cac, 
t)fl rt)6n-|*5ac 'tja At)bpA]t)i) oftrp; 
3|8eAb 11* eA5Al l|orr>, a "pbfi)!), 
511J1 beA3 bob' buj8eAt) uac CA5AI led. 

1 UftfA, a pillar, a prop or support, the frame on which a door hangs. 
Oscur was considered the 9toutest and most valiant of the Fenians ; lience 
Fionn designates him as above ; but we question whether he bore the 



C9 

0. Fionn, son of Cumhall, saith the Druid, 
Call thy forces in thy presence ; 
And divide them into two separate bodies, 
That they may watch the approach of the foe. 

Fionn sounded the Dord Fhiann, 
And they answered by a shout ; 
Each man vicing to be first, 
Noble, chief, and host. 

I shall now truly discern, saith Fionn, 
Such of my followers as are attached to me ; 
And also such as do me hate, 
If they refuse being led by me. 

Oscur, saith Fionn at first, 

As thou art the prop and strength of the Fians, 
Wilt thou with others watch this night [us. 

The approach of the enemy who are making towards 

1 ask of thee now, Fionn, 

If it be thy wish to take repose ; 

It would not become thee, but bring ill fame, 

If thou fear that foes may come. 

'Tis not through dread of any man's hand, 
That I would awhile go to rest ; 
But thou knowest 1 am accustomed, 
To have visions of every danger. 

I shall not refuse keeping watch with the rest, 
There's neither fear nor terror on me ; 
Though I greatly fear, Fionn, 
That the most of thy followers arc in dread. 

palm in heroism from Goll mac Morna ; or even his father the poet Oisin. 
He was killed hy Cairbre Lifeachair at the Battle of Gabhra. Vide 
Transactions, Vol. I., p. 50. 



70 

O. ^oipeAf T^orw A|t <t)blArur)uib <Dor)t), 

a'|* p|Ap|tAi5eAf 30 CeAtfTJfA bo't) £A]b ; 
AT) b-pA1|tp]6 CU TT)A]l AOT) le b-OfCiijt, 
ttta'p ^ot)n}u]r)e leAC irje i)A cAc. 

a 5-CAc r)A 5-co|Tb-eA|*5Ait tja b-cnorn-f' U1A3 ; 

ACC 50 T17-b|A8 OfCUfl TtUT) TTTO cttoibe, 1 

jioriTArTT t;6n/ b]A|3 le teAcc buA6. 

21 3b<>lU CAlttlA T)A 3-CTUIA6 IaTTTT, 
All CUrtlATTT) le<vc T?J3 T)A b-^jAT)!) ; 
AT) b-pAT)pA]8 CU A b-pOCA]ft CAC, 

r|b crquu TU13 bATtTt U* i)3Att3 5I1AS. 

Nj b-6A5<\l l|OrT) l&TTl bA CJIUA&ACC, 

6 tA Of*cun i)4 t>5UAf 4"?' 8A1I; 
a'i* < t)|A|iiT>uib c]to&A tta b-"F|Ai)i), 
bejb rtiife tttatt ]Ab 50 Ia. 

'CAjijic 'FaoIati 2 bo Iacajti "pbl^r;, 
a'p bo lAbAirt 50 pjocrbAfi, Ajtb ; 
a't- bub^utc, a rt]5 i)A b-^Arji), 
T)j TT)6ft lirjr) buic bo fuAi;) 30 lA. 

1 Rut) tt)o cnoi6e, the secret of my heart ; or, my heart's treasure. This 
is still a common phrase in Ireland, but applied only as a term of affection. 

2 PAoUrj, or O'Faolain, now anglicised Phclan or Whelan. There were* 
many distinguished persons of this name iu ancient times who gave 
names to territories, tribes, and families in Ireland : such as the Ui 
Faolain of Leinster, a name rather prominent in the county of Kilkenny 
at the present day. Dr. O'Donovan writes of them ( Vide levari i)A 
5.Ce.\ric, Book of Rights, pp. 205—6),—" This was the name of a tribe 
and territory containing about the northern half of the'present county 
of Kildare. It comprised the baronies of " Clane" and "Salt," and 
the greater part, if not the entire, of those of " Ikeathy," and " Oughter- 
anny." The town of Nas (Naas), and the churches of Clacnadh (Clane), 
Laithreoch Brain (Laraghbrine, near Maynooth), Domhnach Mor 
Muiglie Luadhat (Donaghmorc), Cluain Conairc (Cloncurry) ; and 



71 

0. Fionn calls Diannuid Donn, 

And he asketh calmly of the sage ; 

Wilt thou watch with Oscur, 

If thou art more attached to me than the rest. 

I never yet flinched, Fionn, 
In battle or conflict of mighty hosts, 
So that Oscur the treasure of my heart, 
Were before or behind me in time of victory. 

valiant Goll of the well-tempered swords, 
Dost thou love the king of the Fians ; 
Wilt thou remain with them, 

Ye are the three who gained sway in fierce conflict. 

1 dread not the hardiest hand, 

As Oscur of the feats is with me ; 
And valiant Diarmuid of the Fians, 
I will be with them this night. 



*o 



Faolan came into the presence of Fionn, 
And exclaimed fiercely and loudly ; 
Saying, Fenian king, 
We grudge thee not thy repose this night. 

Fiodh Chuillinn (Feiglicullen), were in it. After the establishment of 
surnames, [which happened in the reign of Dn|AT) bonoirije Brian 
Boroimhe, or Boru, as the name is often for brevity's sake incorrectly 
written] the chiefs of this territory took that of Mac Faolain, and soon 
after, that of O'Brain (Anglice O'Dyrne) ; but they were driven from 
this level and fertile country, about the year 1202, by Meyler Fitz-Henry 
and his followers, when they retired into the mountains of Wicklow, 
where they acquired new settlements for themselves ; and in the reigns 
of Henry VIII. and Elizabeth, they were possessed of more than the 
southern half of the county of Wicklow." And at p. 222, note b (idem), 
he says that, " Magh Laighean was another name for the territory of 
the JJi Faolain. O'Faolain was the chief of a tribe, named Dcise, de- 
scended from Fiacha Suighdhe, the elder brother of Conn of the Hun- 



O. 21 Cborj^r) ttjaoi,1, bo ]\i\]6 'Ft.otti), 
j:at> a 3-cuA|*A^b biiba, Lejc-Aifib ; 
o'r cu if 3 A in^e "ATll-TjAift b]T)T), 
curt) r^AiitA t^a']* ceAdc bo'i} tJATTMib. 

2t)Ar- bul bATt) yt'e^x), a 'pblOt)* bo't) uai,tt), 
A 3 F^T* 6 A t t fcuAjftc, i)6 Ajt caij; 
Art) AOt)A|i 5AT) cu]le bo't) "pb^irji;, 
50 i)50|rjceAri n)e cjterr)' lAtt ? 

Nj cuibe 8ui,c, a Cboi^i) tt)A0]1, 

b^lllcAS 7~blt>Dj bO TIA]8 TTTAC VliJAjS, 

ac A t)A |t]5 6]* c]ot)T) rjA b-"piAT)T), 
a 3-corb|iAC, a'|* a rr)-b]A8, '|* A tH>ft. 

2t)A CA 7^01)1) T)A |ti5 6f qoT)i) t)A b-^AT)!), 
A n)|C L1Y5A18, bo fiiv]8 Coi)Ai) ; 
xy\ corrbuil 511ft cu]be bAit), 

bill ATT) AOT)A|t 30 b-UAlTT) 1.6 AC- AT, fib. 1 
W\\ fAT) b-p1AT)T) U]le, Aft tt)<\C t-UTJAC, 

freAjt c6rb-rr)-b|t)r) bob' clo-^uc Ajtb, 
a't* clo|t)pib At) pb'Ai) "]le bo slott, 
ttjaY ceAcc bo'r) c6||t a t)5aji bo'i) 2Jrib. 

MC\ bf peAfbA lion) bA lu<\8, 

A TT>1C Lu^Al^ T)A TT)]!) 5CA5 ', 

b'pl)|oi)r> t;a bo't) "pbeit)t) t)j riACAb at)T), 
cu||t|n) juiAf bo le tt)0 jtAe. 

dred Battles, who were expelled from Deece or Deise Tcamhrach, in the 
county of Meath, by their relative Cormac, the grandson of Conn of 
the Hundred Battles, about, A.D. 254, when they settled in the county 
of Waterford about half a century back." One of tbeir descendants, the 
Bev. John Whelan, P.P. of Modeligo, who died in the year 1819, was as 
fine a specimen of the old Irish race as one could wish to see. 



73 

0. Oonan the bald, saith Fionn, [Ard ; 

Remain thou in the dark recesses of the cave of Leath- 
As it is thou who can shout most loudly, 
To warn us of the approach of the enemy. 

If to the cave I shall go, Fionn, 
To watch for troubles, or for hosts 
Alone, without more of the Fians, 
May I be pierced through the middle. 

Ill it becometh thee, Conan the bald, 
To refuse Fionn, saith Mac Lughaidh ; 
Who is king over the Fians, 
In battle, in food, and in gold. 

Although Fionn be king over the Fians, 
son of Lughaidh, saith Conan ; 
'Tis not likely that I must go 
Alone to the cave of Leath-Ard. 

There's not among all the Fenians, saith Mac Lughach, 
One who can shout so loudly as thou ; 
And all the Fenians shall hear thy voice, 
If the foe comes near the Ard. 

Speak no more of this to me, 

son of Lughaidh of the smooth limbs ; 
For Fionn or the Fians I shall not go there — 

1 refuse it during my life. 

i lU]tb Igac an", the cave of Leath Ard ; or, Lahard. Mr. Daniel 
Sheehan, of Ardagb, Newcastle West, county of Limerick, who has been 
often on the top of Knockanar, near Bally bunion, says, that there is a cave 
there, and a spot which to this day is called Lahard ; which circumstance 
alone is sufficient to identify Ct)oc-ATj-&jTi as the scene of the battle. 



74 

bo |t4v.]8 Ot/cutt, Vf beib Ab 6C\|t ; 

2lob BeAj qtobA tttac "pblt>t), 

a'p cujlle tt)Vj* 5t>ao| leAC b't:A5Ail. 

Be^fi leAC peAjtAi) 1 aV BftAt) Iuac, 
SsedlAi?, "Fuattt), A*t 2t)eA]tA3At) ; 
Bo5-l§irt7 a'|* 2iiTteAc CbluAif, 

a']* in?C]5 3AI? gTlUATTT?, A Cb0T)A|T), 

<Do ^luA^f CorjAt) Alt cotbAi]tle Of/CU1|t, 

fe'lOTJTJfAIS ffe bOJtAf T)A b-UATT>A J 

t>A cojt) A5U|- 2lo6 Be A3 ttjac "pblOO, 2 
bo leATjAbAji at; cajt} cuAiftb. 

<t)0 CUA]6 'plOTJT) AT)T) T/|T1 CUTTT T/UAT,T), 

a'|* t)i c|Atj bo b] a t/uAirbrjeAf atjt) ; 
atj cat; bo fATblujTjeAb 60 ctt]b, 

2lo8 BeA3 TT1AC 'pbltW A be]C 5AT) CeATTT). 

'Do CATjbeATJAb bO TT)ATt AOT) ^t] f |*]TJ, 
30 TtAlb 3°H C]l6&A A lA]lb 5ll^b, 

le 3A|f5ibeAC fioji-eACCAC, caIttta, 

b'Aft b'AJTJJTT} "Ca]Ic TT?AC "CfteO|TT. 
<Do TTTUT*3All Af A COblA 30 pjtAp, 

a't bo 501,11 cui^e bjtAoj tja b-'piAiTi); 

b'Aft bA COTb-AIOITT) bO fjOTl, 

<t)ftAO| eAUbAT), 3 r>o peAjt trAfC-ciAll. 

1 FeAtiAT), S5eolao, bn-Atj, &c. These were the names of some of the 
Fenian hounds ; and b^at), which was Fionn's favorite one, was known 
by the following marks s — 

" CorA buj&e bj at* bbriAtj, 
21 1>'& CAeb bub 'r^ c*n 5e<\l ; 
t5fiu|ti) ruA|ctjj6e or ceAijt) rel5, 
Tr &fc cluAir concru\ cori)-6en5." 



75 

0. Go there, Conan the bald, 

Saith Oscur, and there will be with thee ; 
Aodh Beag the valiant son of Fionn, 
And more if thou require. 

Take with thee Fearan, and Bran the swift, 
Sgeolan, Fuaim, and Mearagan, 
Bog-Leim and Aireach Chluais, 
And depart without sullenness, Conan. 

Conan went by the advice of Oscur, 

And made towards the door of the cave ; 
The hounds and Aodh Beag, son of Fionn, 
Followed in the track of the host. 

Fionn, then, retired to rest, 
And not long was he there in repose ; 
When he saw in his sleep, 
That Aodh Beag, the son of Fionn, was beheaded. 

lie likewise saw, 
That Goll the valiant was engaged in battle, 
With a mighty powerful champion, 
Whose name was Tailc Mac Treoin. 

He awoke suddenly from his sleep, 

And called to him the druid of the Fians, 

Whose synonyms always were 

The Druid of art, or man of prescience. 

Yellow legs had Bran, 

Both her sides black, and her belly white ; 

A speckled back over her loins. 

And two crimson ears, very red. 

1 2lo6 OeA5 rnAC J=hinn, Little Aodh the son of Fionn. This 2lob was 
the youngest son of Fionn. He was called " beas" {small) from his di- 
minutive stature. 

« OriAO] eaU&An, i.e., the Druid of art, or one skilled in magic or sor- 
cery. In " The Banquet of Dun na n-Gedh," &c, published by the Irish 



76 

O. <t)'f <Mfr)e|r a put) fornlAT) bo't) <Dtiaoi, 
atjt; jAC cA]fbeAT)A6 b^ob pub ; 
bo TiA|8 piorjr), a b-pAic-ciAll y]i) 
■\Vr)]T *VO]T sat) rbojll bu-r)-}. 

T'OCjrATb ftUACATl Aft AT) b-peiflTh 

A pbl^O, If* bAOJAl, bo TIA]8 AT) <t>TtA01 ; 

5lbeA& v'] 50it)peA]t at? fc»]t* t-a T^le-c, 
3oU caIttja, CTIO&A, T)A 2lo&. 

MjOTl b-JTAbA ATT)Ulb \\X) bU|T)T), 

AT) CAT) feO CUAlATT)ATt UAlll-^AIfl, 

bo f-eiT>r> "pioptj au toojib "pbjATjT), 
a't* b'^fteA5Aift biAt)-r , 5A]|Tc CborjAir). 

<Do slllAlf C0T)AT) T)A CfteAT) T11C, 1 
A't" T)A CO|T) ATT lAlJ lut T)A b|A]5* 

b'^AT) 2lo8 BeA5 A'i bfiuAC t;a 1i-uatt)A, 
5UTt clofrjeAb le|f TniAirr) tja f5|Ac. 

Archaeological Society, p. 4G, note 6, the following curious recipe is given 
for transforming a poet into a druid : — 

" This is the way it is to be done : the poet chews a piece of the flesh 
of a red pig, or of a dog or cat, and he brings it afterwards on a flag 
behind the door, and chaunts an incantation upon it, and offers it to idol 
gods ; and his idol gods are brought to him, but he finds them not on 
the morrow. And he pronounces incantations on his two palms ; and 
his idol gods are also brought to him, in order that his sleep may not be 
interrupted ; and he lays his two palms on his two cheeks, and thus falls 
asleep ; and he is watched in order that no one may disturb or interrupt 
him, until every thing about which he is engaged is revealed to him, 
which may be a minute, or two, or three, or as long as the ceremony 
requires ; et ides Imbas discitur, i.e., one palm over the other across his 
cheeks." But it is said (Idem) that " St. Tatrick abolished it, and the 
Teinm Loeghdha, and declared that whoever should practise them would 
enjoy neither heaven nor earth, because it was renouncing baptism." 

1 CtiSao tijc, swift running, Jlcelness of foot. The Fenians were re- 
markable for nimbleness of foot ; and one of the qualifications necessary 
for entering the service was that " the candidate should be a nimble 
runner ; and that in his flight before a chosen body of the Fenians, he 
6hould be able not only to outrun them, but even to defend himself intact 
against their assaults." Even in modern times the Irish are remarkable 



77 

0. He revealeth to the Druid the entire secrets, 
Which he saw in each vision of these ; 
Fionn saith, the meaning" of those 
Tell ns now without delay. 

Slaughter awaits the Fenians, 

O Fionn, I fear, saith the Druid ; 

Yet the twain will not be wounded in the conflict, 

Goll the noble and valiant, nor Aodh. 

Not long were we thus, 

When we heard a loud shout ; 
Fionn sounded the Dord Fhiann, 
And the fierce yell of Conan replied. 

Conan ran with all his might, 

And the hounds in full speed after him ; 
Aodh Beag remained on the brink of the cave, 
'Till he heard the clash of the shields. 

for nimbleness of foot ; for in a very learned paper on the physical cha- 
racteristics of the ancient Irish, by Dr. O' Donovan, published in the 
twenty-third number of the Ulster Journal of Archaeology, we find the 
following allusions to the agility of the Irish quoted from a French author 
who visited Ireland in Dermod Mac Murrough's reign, and who was eye- 
witness to the fact: — "They assailed us often both in van and rear, 
casting their darts with such might, as no habergeon, or coat of mail, 
were of sufficient proof to resist their force ; their darts piercing them 
through both sides. Our foragers, that strayed from their fellows, were 
often murdered [killed] by the Irish ; for they were nimble and swift of 
foot, that, like unto stags, they ran over mountains and valleys, whereby 
we received great annoyance and damage." 

And again, quoting Froissart :— " But I shewe you bycause ye should 
knowe the truth. Ireland is one of the yvele countries of the world to 
make warre upon, or to bring under subjection, for it is closed strongely 
and wydely with high forests and great waters, and mareshes, and places 
[unjinhabytable ; it is hard to entre to do them of the countrey anie 
damage . . For a man of armes beyng never so well horsed, and 
ran as fast as he can, the Yrisshemen wyll ryn afote as faste as he, and 
overtake hym, yea, and leap up upon his horse behynde him, and drawe 
him from his horse." 



78 

O. <Do fe]yr) ^ioijt) at) <Ddftb Ajtif, 

t/ul bo -\i^]V\c ]Ab Cotjat) tt)aoI; 
cpfeAb atj t:ac, bo |tA|8 Opcu|t, 
ca't) coift 1 cu3A]T)ij, ca b-pu]l 2io8 ? 

<Do b] 2io8 a ij-bojtuf tja b-uAn)A, 
at) cat) bo sIuatt* TT)fT/e Aft luc ; 2 

T)J0JI ATTJATICA]* 6 fO]X) CAJt TT)'A|f, 

a't* Tj^oft b% 2lo8 bA riieAT/A l*orr). 
CjtfcAb ei,le bo &A|cr)]b, at> Ofcujt, 

A Cb0T)A]T) l]OfbA, TTJAO^l, 3AT) Ce]ll J 
C]A ACO f]OVt) T)A b-'plATJT), T)0 TT)*T/e, 

t>o c|A at) peATi ojle bo'r> T^b^l^TJ* 
Hi b - ^ Fl°W> cut/a, 'tta TjeAC bo'r> pb&lPTi, 

TT)0 bAjC^b A TJ-ATT) 3 AC b&1,TT) ' 
318' 3U|t ]OT)TbuiT) ItOTT) buTl TT)ATC, 

T?i f|b rrro 8A|CT)jb, acc tt)& F&jt}. 

Oo JluAlf OfCUJt bO luc CTl&AT), 
30 TIA1T)13 T-fe bOTlUf T)A b-UATTT) J 

bo t*uat,ti 2lo8 BeA3 tt)ac 'pblOT) £&ll> 

3AT> AT)bpAT)TT, 3AT) 6A3, 3AT) buA]TlC 

Cjt&Ab at) t*ac 2lo8 Bbi3 w]c pblUD; 

A|t OfCUJl, T*U1,TteAC A T)-b|A]3 AT) T>JTt TT)AO*l ? 

a't; T)Ari)Aib cAob leAC t)A Tt*c 

a le|T)b, f)Ajt CU15 3u|i beA3 b'AOif. 

C|A b] at) c6*ft A b-po3Uf 8Arn, 

aV tt)6 att)U]3 6 CAbAifi t)a b-'pjATjT) ; 
i;ioTt c|tiocT)ui5 xr)]\)\)Z]X) tja tt)o cTio]8e, 

T)A TT)0 TT)1T*t)eAC JtTATT) T)]Ofl clAO*8eA8. 

l C6|*t, pursuit ; one enemy in pursuit of the other. 

1 luc, nimblenesa or agility. This and the two following stanzas show 
how indifferent Conan was ahout the difficulties the Fenians had to 
encounter ; so that he himself was able to make good his ground by a 
•peedy retreat, realising the old Irish proverb — 



79 

0. Fionn sounded the Dord again, 

Before Conan the bald arrived ; 

What means this, saith Oscur, 

The pursuers arc coming*, where is Aodh ? 

Aodh was at the entrance of the cave, 
When I left in haste ; 
I have not looked behind since, 
'Twas not Aodh that troubled me. 

What else thy trouble, saith Oscur, 

Conan, lazy, bald, and devoid of sense ; 
Whether is it Fionn of the Fians, or I, 

Or what other man among the Fians ? 

It is not Fionn, thou, nor any of the Fenians, 
Concerns me at the time of eacli blow ; 
Though I rejoice in the welfare of you all, 

1 care for no one but myself. 

Oscur ran with mighty speed, 
Till he reached the entrance of the cave ; 
He found Aodh Beag, the son of Fionn the generous, 
Alive without terror, without trouble. 

Why is it, Aodh Beag, son of Fionn, 

Saith Oscur, [thou] remainest after the bald man, 

And the foe nigh thee in full speed, 

child, who perceivedst not thy tender age. 

Though the enemy were nigh me, 

And I beyond any aid from the Fians ; 
My intellect or heart faltered not, 
Nor was my courage ever subdued. 



Or, 



A good run is better than a bad stand. 

He who fights and runs away, 
Will lire to fight another day. 



80 

O. 2t)o cu|ftpe ! rtjo crteAC ! rtio cuit)a& ! 

a PbacjiAjc, i|* iin)Al bo <DblA ; 
bA ii}Aiftpe<\6 2iob Be A3 ah)' 8ajI, 
bA 6ojl|5 bo sl^irp 1 tja 5-cl-Ari ! 

P. W^hiy 8u-r>t,>, a 0]y]v ri)]c ¥b]VQ, 

CfVJOC CACA Cb'JOJC AT) A]Jl ; 

V] rb<X]rieAT;i) 2lo8 BeA5 Ab 8&]l, 

A'f oa CUffl a 3-CA]* 3T)]Orb t)A 3-cl|A|t. 

O. Crjoc At? Afri 2 aij ctjoc |«o HAri, 

a']* 50 lA at; bftACA b-A]8 b& 5A]|irt} ; 
A Pb^criA]C tja rt)-b<vcAl Tt)-b&T), 
V] SAti f ac CU5A8 ai; c-A|t)rf). 

P. N& 5IAC CAOTf?, A OjfJTO pfejl, 

A3 TTTJAOIljeAb Aft f}j]Ot)\) JJA h-f]^)\) ) 

3AC A]t 6A3 a'|* a b-pu'1 bed, 
tie|rbr>i& iAb ujle ACb tojA. 

O. N^oit r>eirbr)-8 'p'lotir) T)A b-pjAr)*), 

a'j* t»iori r;e|rbt)i& <DiA*irr)uib 0<t)u]btje; 

t;]Oji t*e]rbi;i8 Ofcuji tja Iatjt), 

tja tjeAc bo'i; b-fe]^), acc Coy&i; SjijUi). 

P. too b|;]3 3U|t r>e]rbr;i8 3 Fjoijtj, 

toiATirr-uib tooi)*! a'i* Ofcuft A15; 
a'i* Ar) 7"bl^t)') ujle rrjAft ]Ab, 

T)1 rbA]Tllb TTJAfl <DblA T)A T03TtAf. 



1 3l«x]n), a shout, howl, loud talk, or clamour. 

2 Ctjoc At) &jri, </ie /(t// 0/ slaughter or destruction. Any one visiting 
Ballybunion in the county of Kerry, noted for its caves, could not better 
enjoy themselves than by paying a visit to this celebrated hill, which 
lies quite close to it. The remaining portion of the poem, but somewhat 



81 

0. My grief, my ruin, my sadness, 

Patrick, who art obedient to God ; 
Had Aodli Beag himself lived with me, 
It would be ill for the clerics' clamour. 

P. Relate to us, Oisin, son of Fionn, 

The conclusion of the battle of Cnoc-an-air ; 
Aodh Beag doth not live with thee, 
And question not the clerics' deeds. 

0. Cnoc-an-air is this hill to the west, 

And till the day of judgment 'twill be so called ; 

Patrick of the croziers bright ! 

Not without cause did it get the name. 

P. Do not become faint, Oisin, the generous, 
Reflecting on Fionn and the Fians ; 
All that departed and those who live, 
Were as nothing compared to God. 

0. Fionn of the Fians was [more than] nothing, 
And so was Diarmuid Duibhne ; 
Oscur of the spears was [more than] nothing, 
And all the Fians, save Conan, the gay. 

P. Because that Fionn was nothing, 

Diarmuid Donn and Oscur the noble ; 
And all the Fenians likewise, 
They live not like the God of grace. 

different from our version, will be found in The Transactions of the 
Gaelic Society. Dub. 1808, p. 199. 

» Nqti)t)i6, nothing. Here St. Patrick shows that the Fenian heroes 
were insignificant beings when compared to the majesty of God. 
6 



82 

O. 21 Pl)fcc|tA|C, i)i a tj-^rtjfll* ija b-} r iAi)t), 

bo b] at; V ga i 1 ri'J ^! A aiji?; 
-||- beAp.b b\ n>-b|A6 fojfi 1)6 fjAfi, 
3° r3 A T l P A ^ A1 ) "Fbl^UU le]r A ceArjii. 1 

P. <Do bj c Dia Atjij a T;-A|M)n]i i;a b-^jATji;, 

ACA TilAri) A'f b&]8 5O b]lACJ 
WAlfllOtfU, A^Uf I1)A1tt|ri6 30 C|t]OC, 

U] b-|ot;Auu fAij )'biAi;;;, a boccAfT) ! 2 

0. 21 p!;C\t]tA]C, tda'v p^o]i bo vs&aI, 

av> C-&A5 50 b-fttATjt at; 7"bl A ')0 J 
1JA clufi;itTj en bA lllA&, 
5U|t b'e Ttuj buA8 o|i|iA 'IDja. 

P. Ba ujaic ai; pbl-^ui; a'i* a ijjijionj, 

A 0|r]T) 51i|i;r;, acc j*o aii;a]u ; 
vj'<x\\ a8;ia8 leo au c-aoi; ( Dja iib, 
Ai;o]|* loAi; bujijij A|i CIjijoc-aij-aki. 

O. £>o c|i|All atji; yiib aji at) b-'peji)!), 

Ot/cuji a'i; 2lo8 Be,A5 i;a 8ajI; 
bob' loijrfiupje Ijiji) cgacc vja bjj-e, 
i;a bA b--|5CA8 p^j ija i;3|tAr« 

( D'i;|a|.']iai8 "f]0])]) b'Ofcu|i A|5, 
Ai> b-^ACAib cat,!; 3 t;a T;3]iob Iaoc, 
a bu' v A]|ic Oixttfi 50 b-pACAjb ]Ab, 
a'|- 50 ^iajV) a i;-]A]iACc aji aj; b-p'6|!;t;. 

1 21 ce^r>;;,, his head. This phrase is very common in Ossianic poetry ; 
and 1 he pagan Gisin, must have been sorely irritated by the mild and con- 
vincing arguments of the Saint, when he gave vent to sueh blasphemous 
expressions. In Icr. O'Grady's copy of the poem the stanza runs thus ; — 

" ill PIjacuajc uj a vao^aI oa b-FjAiji;, 
ir cuis=e bo t5lj|A ta bejc aoo ; 
IV ftcAnb b'A ii)-b|v\6 tja n]Aij, 
i;A be|bCA6 t)A Ci5CAiii)A or a 5-C|orjn." 



83 

0. Patrick, 'twas not in the time of the Fians, 

That that man God lived ; 

Certain if he were east or west, 

The Fians would have stricken off his head. 

P. God was in the time of the Fians, 
Always was and will be for ever, 
He lives and will live to the end, 
Not so with the Fians, poor creature ! 

0. Patrick, if thy tale be true, 
That the Fians are all dead ; 
Let me not hear thee boast, 
That it was God that overcame them. 

P. The Fians and their deeds were good, 
Pleasant Oisin, but in this alone, 
They adored not the one true God, 
Now proceed with [the tale of] Cnoc-an-air. 

0. There marched towards the Fians 

Oscur and Aodh Beag in his company ; 

More delightful to us was the coming; of the two, 

Than had the King- of Grace approached. 

Fionn inquired of Oscur the noble, 
Had he seen a host of heroes brave ; 
Oscur said that he had seen them, 
And that they were in search of the Fians. 

O Patrick, if it were in the time of the Fenians, 
That thy God had been living ; 
Verily, if he were in their way, 
He would not lord it over them. 

1 bocc*\i), a pauper, a beggar, a miser, §c. 

» C&jtj, signifies a multitude, a host, an array, or any other muster 
or assemblage. 



84 

O. <t)o C4]ceArr)A|i ttjati fit; 50 Ia, 

a'j* ttjoji Iattta cac reACc po'ft T>-b&|r> ; 

A PbACflAIC, TTIO l*3feAl C]tUA5 ! 

t;jofi b-pAbA 51111 cjuia]8 at) c&ittt ! J 

P- J')jr "^T 1 If cujrbit) leAc, 

a rb]C CuriTATll, ca| 4 5 2 at) jleo ; 

A|CTl|t* a'|* TITO beAtTTTACC ojtc, 

t*5e<vl fjofi, a']* tta catt 56 ? 

0. M] cAnrrxvoifTje at; "pbjATir) 50, 

b|tfeA3 leo ttjoti t*ATi)lA8 |t|ATT) ; 

ACC le p|ll|1)T) a']* 1JCAT1C Alt IatTT, 

cis'tdaoit* r^D <M* 5AC 5l|A8. 

iD'cHl^OrTJATV 50 TTJOC AttTAC, 

)~]ATH)A 6]TICA1)T) T)A T)-eAC 4 V eAT >3 > 

ata Ai) 5-ci;oc t*o liot; ATI c-t/Iuaj, 
vjofi b'jorjjrjA 86]b ceACC 50 ceATTij. 



1 Ceirp, which generally signifies a step, is used here to show the dif- 
ficulty that awaited the Fenian3. 

2 'C;vr~, fame, report. 

3 5';a6, bailie, strife, contention. 

4 Sac, a steed. The earliest record we have of the Fenians having 
horses is iu S^AtlAii) tja SeATjojfijj;, or Dialogue of the Sages ; where it 
is said, that at a chase at Ueitjij h-epjn, (the Hill of llowth), a chieftain, 
named y.ncu> hjac bejijije t>lM°c, son of the king of Rritain [England], 

took away by stealth three hounds belonging to the Fenians, namely 

Bran, Sgeolan, and An-uaill ; and made for the mountain of Lodan 
Mac Lir, where he made chase on his arrival. As soon as the Fenians 
missed the hounds, the following chieftains were despatched after the 
fugitive, viz., Diarmuid O Duibhne, Goll Mac Morna, Caol from 
Eamhuin (Emania), Oscur the son of Oisin, Feardubhain the son of 
Eogha-dearg, Kaighne of the broad eyes, son of Fionn ; Cainche, son 
of Fionn ; Glas the son of Aonchcarda Bearra, and Mac Lughaidh. 



85 

0. Thus we remained till dawn, 

And none dared to approach us ; 

Patrick, my woiul tale ! 

'Twas not long till our case grew perilous ! 

P. Relate, as thou rememberest, 

son of Cumhall, an account of the fight ; 
Relate, and my blessing be on thee, 
A true tale, and tell no lie. 

0. We, the Fenians, never told a lie, 

Falsehood to them was never known ; 
But by truth and the might of our arms, 
We came unhurt from each conflict. 

We went forth early, 

The Fians of Eire, of the slender steeds ; 
Upon this hill the host mustered, 
No wonder for them to come in force. 



They landed at.Inbhear Geiniath, in Britain; and proceeded to the 
mountain of Lodan Mac Lir ; where they were not long when 'they 
heard the cry of the hounds, and they surrounded Artuir, and slew 
himself and all his retinue, and rescued their three favorite hounds. 
Goll Mac Morna, more cunning than the rest, cast a side-look, and be- 
held a magnanimous steed with reins of gold ; and saw another with a 
silver bit chased with gold in its mouth ; Goll captured both animals, 
and handed them over to Oscur, who gave them in charge to Diarniuid 
O Duibhne. They then returned to Ireland ; and never halted until they 
reached old Moynealty, where Fionn was staying at the time ; and de- 
livered the two horses to him ; one of which wa9 a stallion, and the 
other a mare, which gave eight births, and eight foals at each birth ; and 
until then the Fenians had no horses, and these foals were distributed 
amongst the most distinguished in rank of the Fenian chieftains. In 
some copies it is 6aid that Artuir s life was saved by Oisin. 



SG 

O. BeAij bob' <\]h)Q t)&'r) 5|tjAi), 

coiia'jic ai; }~biAT)t; A5 ceAcc pAi) lej]i5 ;• 
b"pf;joi;i; itjac Cuii;A]U, ion"? 8u|c, 
bo beAt}i;<\|3 filoJAii) at; brux-c bejTv--,. 

Cia cu jre-i;, a niogAii;, Aft ^oijy, 
II* Aili;o r)|ATi) '|*A]* b|ieA^c<v beAlb, 
]]• bjui;c lion* |:uA]rt) bo 5l6||i, 
'i;& a b-i*it|l iio ceol 50 beAjib ? 

Mtait5-i;iia8-c]iocac, 2 it* 6 rri'Aii'jn?, 

T)5loi; 3b<M l T'<M 8 - T1 > AC c t)I;oUifi ^611;; 
<M lb iM3 Ol l ^ A 3- ")o liiAlUc- a-ji! 
bo i?A]f3 it)o ]io "CatIc tt)ac "C]ie|T). 

O. CjttJAb bo bejjt bA feACT)A& cu ; 
tjJv beii; iuu; o|tiT) Ai;o|f • 
aii bo coini|iic 50 I a at; bji^c, 

5AbA]nj bO l&Jip CA[1 A Cjl0||* ? 

V\] 5AT; pat bo c^ai* £UAC, 

bAC A!) ^'iA]l bO X)\ A|t A ^1)0] " 

8A cIuaj*, taj/gaII, a'c ceAi;i) cajc, 
cCv A|i atj b-f-'eA]'. i>ac h*aic pjfejrij. 

<t)0 fJublAf* At) bOlT'AO, TL'O C|l|, 

a'j- t;|0|i v^bAf aiti) jt]j tja fIajc- 
rjocAjt f]|icAi* acc }"\byc, A FblUU, 
a'j* i)]o|t tjoaII c|i]v\c ti/aijaca-I ajji. 

<DjouyAb cu a ID3I013 615, 

bo JiA"j8 ^tJAc CuiTjAi.ll, ijaji cIao|8' ]t|Arb; 

r>6 cu|C|.-ib uile A]t bo y^'-xi, 

i)A j-oacc 5-CAC AcC\ I'AIT b-)~|-| aiji;. 

1 lem.", 1 plain, a pathway, or place of meeting. See also note 10, p. 18. 

2 N[.\ii' r*UA&-c*l0CAC, i.c , the ray of the newest form. This lady is sup- 
posed to be the daughter of Garadh the son of J)olar Dcin, or the Fierce ; 



87 

0. A woman more beauteous than the sun, 

The Fians beheld approaching on the plain ; 

Fionn Mac Cumhaill, I tell thee, 

Was saluted by the queen of the red mantle. 

Who art thou, queen, saitli Fionn, 
Of the gentlest mien and loveliest form ; 
Truly more sweet to me is thy voice, 
Than all the strains of music. 

Niamh-nuadh-clu'othach, is my name. 

Daughter of Garraidh, the son of Dolar Dein ; 
The duel* king 1 of Greece, m}' - curse upon him ! 
Bound me to Tailc Mac Treoin. 

Why is it that thou shunnest him, 
Do not conceal the fact from me now : 
As thy protector till judgment's day, 
I take thy hand against his will. 

Not without cause did I hate him, 
Black as the coal was his skin ; 
Two ears, a tail, and the head of a cat, 
Are upon the man of repulsive countenance. 

I walked [travelled] the world thrice, 
And did not leave a king or lord, 
That I did not implore, but thou, Fionn, 
And a chief never promised me protection from him. 

I will protect thee, youthful daughter, 

Saith Mac Cumhaill, who was never conquered ; 
Or all shall fall for thy sake, 
The seven battalions of the Fians. 

king of Greece, who forced her to nmrry Tailc Mac Treoin, again t or 
will, and the tale recorded here is the result of that unhappy union. 



88 

O. <£>aji bo Ujiij-fi j:&|r>, a ^hwv, 

)X beAftb Ifnt), 30 Tj-beAfitjAff- b[teA5 J 
A'f aij te o'ft ce|c trie uAfb a b-f Ab, 
50 b-cufceAr;r> leff cac A'f ceAb. 

2li) feAft rriofi a befftfir) Ifb, 

ff e b'f A5 roe le f AbA b-peft)f) ; 
ful Aft rjAfjAb roffe lejf, 

bo rspiorAb leir fAoj bo ao 3br*feis. 

ft A beAi; forrjAjtbAb Af a 5Aff*5e, 

A fl'Oflc CAJf Aft bAC AT} 6] ft J 

ojft V] b-frufl Iaoc f aoj at; t>3fte]u, 
ijac b-f A5A& f ao b-"pejt)r» feAft A clo. 

)V 3 e Aflfl 50 b-f ACATTJAft A5 CeACC, 

AT) CAOffeAC "CAflc bA CftUAfb IaT)!), 

r/joft urblAfg, A'f irjoft beATirjAij b'pljforjt), 

ACC |Afl|tAf CAC CAJl CeAtlO A tf)l)A. 

Cuffmifb befc 5-ceAb tia bAfl, 

bob' feAftft lArb a Ti-Afiripfft 5le6; 

bufi;e bfob TifOft ffll CAft Aff, 

5A1; cu|Cfrt) fie "CajIc ttiac "Cncoft) ! 

'Do CUlfieAttlAft A1)V), A'f bA COffl A TTJAOfbeATT) 

5Ar) ArbftAf, CAOflce ttiac KonAjt); 
bejc 5-c6Ab fSfAc 50jtrt) 5lAf, 
joriA feAftA|b cftobA b'feAftjt. 

'Defc 5-ceAb cA0|f*0Ac, ijaoj 5-ceAb Iaoc, 
bo b] CAob Aft cAob b'Aji itjuj ijcf ft feft); 

A'f A PbAqtAJC, At) CflC|b|tT) CftUAfb, 

f|D Aft ceAfCAfb UAftjt; be'i; b-pefut}. 



89 

0. By thine own hand, Fionn, 

It is certain thou hast told a lie ; 

For by him from whom I have fled afar, 

Fall a battalion and a hundred. 

The great man of whom I speak to you, 
Is he who has left me long in pain ; 
Before I was bound [wedded] to him, 
He ravaged Greece twice. 

Do not contend about his valour, 
curling locks of the color of gold ; 
For there lives not a hero under the sun, 
Who will not find among the Fians a man his match. 

Soon we saw coming towards us, 

The chieftain Tailc of the hard spear ; 
lie did not salute or pay homage to Fionn, 
But demanded battle on account of his wife. 

We sent ten hundred to meet him, 
Strong of hand in time of war ; 
None of them ever returned. 
All fell by Tailc Mac Treoin! 

We sent there, and of it we should boast 
Without doubt, Caoilte Mac Konain, 
Ten hundred shields blue and green, 
With the mightiest and best men. 

Ten hundred chieftains, nine hundred heroes, 
Were side by side of our own people ; 
And, Patrick, of the strict faith, 
All these we lacked of the Fians. 



90 

O. jAjtttAf 4 Ofcuti ceAb aji "pbpou, 

3|8 bO|l5 IjorT) e bo hiAb, 

bill bO COTT)ftAC AT) tl*]Tl TT)6|fl, 

AT) CAT) bO COT)A1flC b|C T)A fluA^. 

C)o 3&AbAiTi ceAb uaitt), ati ^iotjt), 
5]b eA5Al Iiott) bo cu|C|tT) ctt]b ; 
&|ft)5 ! a'i* betft tt)o beAi)t)ACc leAc, 
cuiTT)t)iS bo 501I, a't* bo ^r)]n). 

5luA]reAT- 0|*CU|l, A1) peATl A]3, 

A|\ a Ia]tt) T)]0|i cuifteAb b&in), 
at) Iaoc caItt)a bob' T*e*XTlfl lATTT), 
50 TtAJTTTC fO T^Ajlc TT)AC T^t(3]r). 

"CAbAlfl AJA]8 6ATT)fA TT&'I), 

a ^bo^lc rf)ic "C|ie]T), ati Of-cuti A13 ; 

ojti bA|i)T.*eAbr , A bjoc bo ceAtU), 

a T)-b]05Al At) bfteAti) t*o 50]!) bo Iaitt). 

<t>A|l bO lA|TT)fe, OfCUJIl A15, 

5jb bu'&eAC bjoc bAjib 1 at* beAi); 

b]A8 CU A3ATT)t*A 1)OCC 3AI) 6eAT)T), 
A'f bjAjb At) pCA]l, f]0])V), 30 ICATT). 

1 t)ap"> bard or poet. The Irish bards were always ready to chauut 
the deeds of their patrons in the most glowing language imaginable ; but 
had they not been patronised they were equally ready to satirize and 
decry them. In The Tribes and Customs of Hy-many, published by tlie 
Irish Archaeological Society at p. 104, we find under date A.I). 1351, 
that " William Boy O'Kelly, who was celebrated by the Irish bards as a 
prince of unbounded munificence, invited all the professors of art in 
Ireland to his house, and entertained them during the Christmas holidays.'* 
And in the same year, " William M;;c Donnough Moyneagh O'Kelly, in- 
vited all the Irish poets, brchons, bardes, harpers, gamesters, or com- 
mon kearroghs, jesters, and others of their kind in Ireland, to his house 
upon Christmas, where every one of them was well used during the 



91 

0. Oscur asketh leave of Fionn, 
Though J regret to tell it, 
To go to fight the great man, 
When he beheld the loss of the host. 

Thou shalt get permission from me, saith Fionn, 
Though I dread thy fall by it ; 
Arise ! and take my blessing with thee, 
Remember thy valour and thy deeds. 

Oscur, the noble, 

On whose hand there never was a stain ; 
The mighty hero of the valiant arm, 
Went forth till he reached Tailc Mac Trein. 

Encounter me, Tailc Mac Trein, 
Saith Oscur of the noble deeds ; 
For I shall take off thy head, 
In revenge for those who were wounded by thy hand. 

By thy hand, noble Oscur, 

Though thankful to you are bard and maid ; 
I shall have thee headless this night, 
And the man Fionn shall be mournful. 



holidays, and gave contentment to each of them during their departure ; 
bo that every one was well pleased, and extolled William for lii? bounty ; 
one of which assembly composed certain verses in commendation of 
William and his house, of which the following is the first line : — 

"Fjl|& G\\e.\i)i) 50 h-AO|n-ce.\c." 
The bards of Erin to one house." 

For an account of the Irish bards, we would refer the reader to O'Reilly's 
" Chronological Account of Four Hundred Irish Writers," "The Tribes 
of Ireland," by Dr. O'Donovan, Walker's " Memoirs," Ilardiman's 
" Irish Minstrelsy," and tUa Introduction to the " 7am Bo Chuaili/ne," 
which will form a future volume of the Society's Transactions. 



92 

O. 2lft peA6 CU13 T)-oj8ce a'f cii|3 Ia, 
b] at) bjf* t)Aft clAjc A T)5l]A|8; 
3At) b|Ab, 3AT) beoc, ati b]c fuAjT), 
311T1 cujc 'CajIc ]te buAb ttjo rbic. 

<t)o co5bATt)ATi, at) }~blAT)t), opAftb, 
cati &if At) corbftAic 3A]|tb, 5I&IC ; 
5A]|i CAO]t)ce c|te'|i CAiUeArt)Aft bo't) ^b^l^t), 
a']" 8A 5Aift Tt)AO|8ce cjt£ &A5 CbA]lc. 

<t)Afi bo lAirbfe, a Db^llc A15, 

516 dac bu]8eAC bjoc bAftb t)A beAt) ; 

CA CU A3ATt)f A 3AI) C$AT)1), 

a't- v] b]&]6 At) peA]t pjot;^, leAn). 
NiAtt)-r)UA&-cfiotAC, tT)0Tt At) F3&aI, 

At) CAT) COTJAIJIC Tt)&Ab AT) Alft; 

5IACA]* t)A|jie at) 3fiuA& 6eA|i3, 
a't* cujteAT* rrjATib a TTjeAjT; cajc. 

Bat 1 t)a Tqo^tiA, b'eif* 5AC u|lc, 
if e 'r-rrjo bo cujft Aft cAc, 

ATI AT) 3-CT)OC fO b'6]f At) SljAjb, 
bO bA|T-C At) "pblAt)T) Ct)OC-At)-A]Jl. 



93 

0. For five nights and five days, 

Were the two, who were not feeble, in battle ; 
Without food, without drink, without sleep, 
'Till Tailc fell conquered by my son. 

We, the Fenians, raised on high, 
After the fierce and rough conflict ; 
A wailing cry for all we lost of the Fians, 
And two shouts of joy for the death of Tailc. 

By thy hand, noble Tailc, 
Though not thankful to thee are bard or maid ; 
I have thee now beheaded, 
And the man Fionn shall not be mournful. 

Niamh-nuadh-chrothach, sad the tale, 

When she beheld the extent of the slaughter ; 
Shame overcame her crimsoned face, 
And she fell lifeless among the slain. 

The death of the queen after all ills, 
Was what preyed most upon us all ; 
This hill after the conflict, 
The Fenians named Cnoc-an-air.* 

• The Hill of Slaughter. 



L2iOJ<t)t) 2t)l)e2lK52UCC M21 L21NN N5&2W. 



O. Nioji b-j:AbA 6u*t)t), at^Ia'S fit), 
3-8 t>^|i f ubAC, AO-b-t)t), riWJ 

3Ujt C|tl All fo']t T)-fe&1tJ CAJl leAfl, 

5A||*5eA6AC 6accac bA cjiua-8 3t)]orb. 

N]Oji beAr>r)Ai5 f*& bo rjeAC, 

A'r V)o\i urblA]3 b ,4 f\)]Ot)V, t)A bo'r* ¥b]*VV ; 
acc b'piApitAjj; |*6 bo 3l6jt bojib, 

CA |lA"b A|t 3-COpiAti) A'f Aft b-Cft'AC ? 

C'A cu irfejij a 3Air3l 6 13 **15> 

A|i 21o8a BeA3 t)Aji TTCA]T)ceAc cfio-8e ; 

t;o cji&Ab bo C113 bo't) bul yo cu, 

ca pAb bo cuuAf iniA]|i rS^PF^II 1 M 1 ? 1 ? ? 

Nj cAbA|tp<\b bu*c ]*36aI Ajt b-c, 

ftTjuAiufi a lejij-b 3uji beA5 b'AO]"*; 
•p]0|* n*o ]iu|T) v'] cAbA*t£Ab bo i)eAC, 
30 b-j*A3A-8 tt)6 bul b'A3AllAtT) "phf*-*;. 

<Do beAUf-Ab eolAf 8u-c, aji lpb]oyi), 

* 3<Mr31 b 13 ">u'*)ce i)A ti}ju 5^5; 

TJ1 JTAbA U<\|C At) A]C A b-pU'l, 

Aft AT) 3-CTJOC A|l leA3<\& "CajIc rbAC T|t6|t). 

<Do 5luA'|- 21o8a Bca3 A*a luc, 

*'t* A| ) 3 A 1f5 eAbA c 3° & ^ u ^ ^ A b I**15> 

30 -IA-T)-C le]|l3 AJ) AfU, 

't)A ]iA-b Ajt Iaji Ca-Ic ri*AC T|t6lt). 



THE LAY OF MEARGACH OF THE SHARP SPEARS. 



0. Not long were we left thus, 

Though being not pleasant nor gladsome ; 
'Till there approached [us] from afar, 
A mighty hero of the sternest deeds. 

He did not salute any one, 

Neither did he do homage to Fionn or the Fians ; 
But he enquired in a most haughty manner, 
Where our protector and chief was. 

Who art thou thyself, valiant champion, 
Saith Aodh Beag whose heart trembled not ; 
Or what brought thee on this errand, 
How far is thy journey when thou departest from us ? 

I shall not give thee any information at all, 
Remember, child, that thou art young ; 
Knowledge of my secrets I will not give to man, 
'Till I can see Fionn and talk to him. 

I shall inform thee about Fionn, 

courteous hero of the smooth arms ; 
Not far from thee is the place where he is 
On the hill on which Tailc Mac Treoin fell. 

Aodh Beag went in haste, 

And the champion close behind him, 
'Till he reached the field of slaughter, 
Where Tailc Mac Treoin was slain. 



96 

O. 2lt? cat; bo conAiftc At) pbl^DT) A'f "plow, 

At) b]f ub A5 ceACc iia T)-bAil, 
IT eA5Al lion?, bo ]tA]6 at) <Dtiao], 
t;ac £AbA if AO]b|T)tj bo 2t)b^c Curtail. 

2lr> cu T-ioijt), bo jtAib at) feAjt CAlttiA, 
ttjA't" cu, rf\ cuibe bo beAnb Iaoc, 
A]r)]rt) bo f-eAf)A8 30 lA at; bnAcA, 
t)AC ru bo f AHA15 DaiIc ttjac "C]i&]t). 

Ml bo buAb Tt)0 IAttta bo cu^c, 

at) peATi tja T)-5AiTirt)ceAn "CajIc ttjac T^Tifeii) ; 

bo corf;-AiT;itT> v&p) ]VV]T *t>°ir> 

a't* bo seAbAift fjor* c|A leA5 at) Iaoc. 

2^eA|t5Ac ctiuai8 tja Iat>t) tisIat* t)5§ati, 
tt)0 cotT)-A|T)|rr;, a "Fbl 1 )!? tbic CurbAill; 
trjon beAH3 An rr)o coTip Aintr;, 
a']* tvjoti Iua6a8 led rrjti cun An 5-cul. 

<t>0 sluAlf OfCUU £A 3UC AT) 3l6jn, 

a't* b'p|ApnAi3 at; leorfjAT) 3ATJ f*5Ac; 
atit) bo buA^b bo IAttja a't* bo 1<U)t>, 

T)AC TJ301 T)Ce ATI AT)t; CU 30 bflAC ? 

M] b-pu]l ah caIatt) t)a b-CTtorti-frob, 
A 3-CAC t;A 3-coit;|iAC 3A|tb 5I1A6 ; 
Iaoc bA cfte]t;e a T)5t)]orb 5A]f3e, 
bo 8eA|t3 ne Ii-atitt) otitt; Ti|Arir. 

Hj b6lb]U TT)ATl f|1), Aft Ofcun A13, 

TtninA C13CACC no pAjftc bujc bo't; pbl^tjo, 

A 2^b0ATl5A15 T)A Ut)l) T)5lAf T)3&ATt, 

30]r;|:oA|t cu At;t; 50 b-AO&A]b. 



97 

O. When the Fians and Fionn beheld 
These two approaching them ; 
I [greatly] fear, saith the Druid, [moured. 

That Mac Cumhaill will not be long bo good-hu- 

M. Art thou Fionn? saith the mighty man, 

If thou art it becometh not a great hero, 

Ever to conceal his name ; 

Art not thou [the man] that subdued Tailc macTreoin. 

F. Tell [us] thine own name, 

And thou shalt be told clearly 

That it is not by the might of my hands fell 

The man whose name is Tailc mac Treoin. 

Stern Meargach of the sharp tempered green blades, 
Is my name, O Fionn Mac Cumhaill, 
Arms reddened not on my body, 
And none could boast of my retreat. 

Oscur goeth at the sound of the voice, 
And enquireth of the hero, without dread, 
Is it by the victory of thy hand and spear, 
That thou art never wounded. 

M. There is not on earth of the heavy sward, 
In battle or conflict fierce and tough, 
A hero stout in feats of valour, 
That ever reddened me by his arms. 

Thou shalt not be so, saith the noble Oscur, 
If thy visit to the Fians be not a friendly one, 
Meargach of the green spears, 
Thou shalt be wounded to the very heart. 



98 

2t3« ^3 A n'51 6 1o» * 5' l6 > IT &eA|tb Iaoc, 
Ab £n|0tA]l r>] &eAT)Airt) cX\f, 
bA rbejb bo 6d]i at* rjeATtc t)A b-'p'Ar)*), 
cufcpj|t A5Uf |Ab TtetT)' Iatt). 

7^. 2t)ut)A b-pu]l A5Ab acc buAb aitut), 

5&A5 TreATtc caI-da coijtp, a']* strjori) ; 
bo be|TT*ft) tdatt beAnb bujc rt)0 Iatt), 
50 tj-50|t»peAft cu cjie Iau bo cfto-be. 

2t). )v?)\X bu]T)t), a 2t)b|C CutT)A*U caIitja, 

bo Tte*Tt rt)ATt 5eAllATf bArt) atx b-cuf ; 
c|A lejf, t)o c]or)t)Af bo cujc, 
"Ca-Ic cfteAt) At) t)e|Ttc, Y A 5 e ^l T^* 

"p. Oo cujc "Ca-Ic tt)ac CTieo'T) rboift, 

le buA& t)eA]ic-lA*tT)e Or-cu-jri. AJ3 ; 

bo cu]c le "CajIc, bo't) }~bl<vt)t) Aft b-cup, 

Ijot) be]6 5-ceAb b'treAjiA'b CA]b. 

2t). Natt rbojt At) tjA|]te bujcfe, a fh]nv, 

b'^ulA]T)3 at) Tvjj-beAT) bob' t*eATttt caiI, 
bo cujt curt) bA-t* le]]* At) b-p'At)*), 
a cuiqrt) if 6A5 b'^bjAi^Aib "pAjl. 

V. Ml rt)]fe t)A AOt) bo't) pb^lW), 

cu.5 A]Ct)e Ari At) 6A5 bo't) rt)t)AOi ; 

ACC At) CAt) bO COf)A|TtC b]C At) C-fl6|j, 
AT) CAJAlb bA]|* bo CUA|6 y']. 

2t)A'|* COtT)TlAC ACA UA1C, A]l ^jOt)!), 
A l)-0|ltlC CUICTTt) "CljAjlc 'fA TT)t)C\ ; 

bo jeAbAijt 6 6 bu|t)e bo't) pbl^t)!), 
t)o ]wi]t) 3° f fe 1"7 * e P^MT^- 



99 

M. champion, whose appearance is that of a true hero, 
Thy words I but little regard ; 
Though great thy hope in the strength of the Fians, 
Thou and they, by my hand, shall fall. 

F. If thou hast but the sway of thine arms, 
Mighty strength of body and action ; 
I give thee my hand in pledge, 
That thou shalt be wounded through thine heart. 

M. Relate unto me, son of mighty Cumhall, 

As thou didst promise at the commencement, 

By whom, or how did fall 

Tailc the strong and powerful and his bright love. 

F. Tailc Mac Treoin the great fell, 

By the power of the strong arm of Oscur the noble ; 
There fell by Tailc, at first of the Fians, 
Full ten hundred of spotless men. 

M. Was it not shameful to thee, Fionn, 

To suffer the princess of the loftiest fame, 

To be put to death by the Fians ; 

Her death will bring havoc among the Fians of Fail. 

F. Not I nor any of the Fenians 

Ordered the death of the woman, 
But when she beheld the loss of the host, 
Into the pangs of death she fell. 

If it be battle thou requirest, saith Fionn, 
For the death of Tailc and his wife ; 
Thou shalt have it from one of the Fians, 
Or depart quietly with good will. 



100 
Aft cAob at; ctjotx co|t/ t?a ctiA^a ; 

V] ]A|tt:Ab A S-COmjTJATT), a fblW, 

a'|* T)j tl*;\5t.*Ab acc b]f A5A]b beo. 

p. C|A b'TAb At) bjp t*|r) b'pA5t:Ai|t beo, 

a 2t)beATi5AT5 r»A ^65, Att T^ow ; 

IT 1°03t}A IfOTt) TTJATt CU|5CeATt leAC, 

bAp leb rjeAttc bo CAbAijtc bu]r)\). 
2t). "GuTcceAjt l]ort) butt Ttj-bAp ujle, 

ACC CUT*A ATT7ATT1 a']* bO TT)AC 2lo8 ; 

V] |*A5t:Ab at) ctjoc yo 50 bftAc, 

50 TJ-fOCfTAb bA|* T^b^lc TTTfC T^teO]!). 

f. NAjt leofi leACfA a 2t)beAft5Ai5 tja Iatjt), 

b]f cati a ceAT)T) bo cujcTrr) bo'r) 1p})e\yi) ; 
a'|* 5A1) beA^-Ap bo cAbAjfit A[ft cAc, 
A'f a Iiajacc t:eATt cA]6 bo cu|C le|f treTT). 

2t). Njoti leort l|OTDfA, a *phvw W& b-'plAlJTJ, 

b]f T)A CftTUft A TJ-bfol A bA]f, 

bA rt)-b]Ab A3Ab at) 0|jteAb e]\e bo't) b-pb^iTjT) 
cuicjqb 50 lejfi le tt)o IAtti). 

"p. Ma cufTt a T)-boic bu|c i:e|T), Aft f]o^i), 
3u|t b-puflir)5 Ijom bft* r>A aot?, 

A T)-ejTt1C bA||* "Cb^llc *T*A TT)T)A, 

bo cufcTn) le b' lAfri) bor> pljfejiji). 

21). <Da treAbAf butt IaH)A a j j* butt VSWJoiv, 
a']* bA Tbe]b butt l]OT) b't*eA|tA|b cA|b, 

V] r3 A ! l F Ab M D 3° ^ AT ? bftACA, 
r)6 bjol tja TD-bAf bo jeAbAb uA]b. 

1 In a copy in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy this stanza 
reads : — 

"C)A Z'Ap WO fUlA]5Ce CAO]b l|Ort), 

nj |AnFAo * 5-cor)5PAii) rite, A Vbwv ; 
nj njiAO licit) ft'fAsbAjl beo A5U|b, 
ACC 6jr O 50|tT) 11)0 crion)-clo|6irt)." 



101 

M. Although my hosts are nigh at hand, 

On the side of the hill beside the shore ; 
I shall not ask their aid, Fionn, 
And I will only leave two of you alive. 

F. Who are these two thou wilt leave alive, 

Meargach of the hosts, saith Fionn ; 

1 am astonished that thou shouldst think, 
By thy strength to put us to death. 

M. I am determined to kill all, 

But thee only, and thy son Aodh ; 

I shall never leave this hill, 

'Till I repay the death of Tailc mac Treoin. 

F. Is it not sufficient for thee, Meargach of the blades, 
That two for his death should fall ; 
And not deal red slaughter to all the Fians, 
After all the brave men that fell by his hand. 

M. They would not suffice, Fionn of the Fians, 
Two nor three for his death ; 
If thou hadst as many more of the Fians 
They will all fall by my hand. 

F. Do not imagine to thyself, saith Fionn, 
That I would suffer two or one 
For the death of Tailc and his wife, 
Of the Fians to fall by thy hand. 

M. Though great thine arm and thy deeds, 

And though thick thy ranks of noble men, 

I shall not leave 'till judgment day, 

Or satisfaction for their death I shall have from you. 

Although my hosts are nigh at hand, 
I shall not seek their aid, O Fionn ; 
I will only leave of you alive, but two, 
From the venom of my heavy sword. 



102 

O. "U Pb&£jt<MC ! V] ceiljreAb ttjo juh), 

3u]t 5UC AijbpAitjt) ) r l 0, W aV aij fb]to)v, 
acc Aii)Ait) Ofcun i)A tt)-beirt)eAt)t), 

t)Afl C|t1C |toiri) AOt) tjeAC n]Ati). 

"p. 21 2t)beA|t3Ai5 tjA r>5lAf Iaijij t)5eAft, 
bo jtAjS "pio^t), bo 5A|tb sl6]t, 

fc»0 5eAbA]Jt COtt)NAC Ab AOt)A|t&1), 

T)6 bul Ab 8^]l bo't) "pb&IW 50 leon. 

2t). 2t)<v'r cujbe leACfA, a "pblW tt)]c Curi)A|U, 
tt)t|*e bo corbfiAc bo ri)6ft fluAj, 
o ^eAjt 30 peA|t, t)5 b'AOi) be]rt), 
biulcA V] le]]t buic b'pA^Ail tiA^n). 

f. Qtyix ci5eAi)U cu a'j- bo cneAt) bu|6eAt), 

CUtt) CACA l]t)1) leAC AJl leAc, 

o buirje 50 ceAb CA]cp]b At) pblAtn), 
l&irb biAt) bo cot^rbAil leAC. 

QX). KACAb|-A Atjoir, a fbvw TV] C Curi)A]U, 

T1)Afl A b-pll]l A3AU) COrt)|tAC le f^5A(l, 

b'f*|Of* tt)0 fluA5, t)AC pAbA uAirt), 

a']* b] fUAf 50 tt)OC Att} biV]l. 

}-. 'CA.bAtp bo fl6]3ce leAc lAicneAc, 

Ajt tt)Aib|i) tt)A|* rt)A|c le<\c, au "p|ot)t) ; 
t)j b-fujl ceAls le b-l^lltc one, 
biA&rt)AO|bne ollAtt) p&'b ciot;t). 

2t). Bjb, A|t tt)o ceAcc, bo n*vi8 eipeAt), 
At) Iaoc ]f caIhja A|i At) b-'Feint) ; 
a i)-A|trt) V A 9-feJbe nori)Att) curt) caca, 
50 b-^A]cpeAb a 5t)jort) a'|* a ^lejc. 



103 

0. Patrick ! I shall not my secret conceal, 
That terror struck Fionn and the Fians, 
Save only Oscur of the blows, 
Who never trembled before any one. 

F. Meargach of the green sharp blades, 
Saith Fionn, in a menacing tone ; 
Thou shalt have single combat, 
Or more of the Fians shouldst thou require them. 

M. If it be desirable to thee, Fionn Mac Cumhaill, 
That I should fight thy great hosts, 
One by one, or by one great swoop, 
Thy request I cannot refuse. 

F. If thou and thy mighty followers 
Come to fight us man for man, 
From one to a hundred of the Fenians shall 
Meet thee with a firm hand. 

M. I shall now depart, Fionn Mac Cumhaill, 
Since battle I am to have, 
To visit my hosts, which are not far from me, 
And be up early to meet me. 

F. Bring thy hosts with thee here, 

In the morning if thou like, saith Fionn ; 
No treachery will be played upon thee, 
We shall be ready on thy arrival. 

M. Have, on my arrival, saith he, 

The mightiest hero among the Fians ; 
In shield and armour ready to fight, 
That I may see his prowess in battle. 



104 

O. to'jTt^is 2t)eATt5Ac t)a Iatjt) t>3Uf, 

t)|oti t-cAb leir 50 |i<MDI3 a tH«*3; 
bo cufjt F|OT)T) qoT)6l Aft at? h-fe^ry, 

a't/ b'|T)T)|T/ bojb TT)&Ab A 3UAlf. 

<t)o titt)t)' feAcc 3-CACA 1 at)T) fit) b^ob, 

a't/ 3AC TlOTT)T) AT) ]OT)Ab bUAl'ij 

IT 3Al|t]fei AT) bA05Al UAl,t)T). 

<Do lAbA]Tl Aft b-ciif* le-|f AT) C&Ab CAC, 
bA T)30]]tC| CAC T)A IaOC TT)|OT) Up ; 

b't:|At:nA|5 bjob bo 511c df&nb, 
at) b-cjtoibjqbij bo 30&C 'tta cujt\ 

( D'T*|teA3nAbAT i t bVcrj aot)ca b'pblorjTj, 
30 b-cnoibj-'ibii 4 cajt a ceArji) 50 bftAc ; 

A bubAJflC CAC T)A b-CAOlfCAC ATT)U]l, 

ACC 30 leAT)pAbA01t; CAC T)A 3"C&AbCA lATT). 

21 bubATrtc cac i)A b-paATt n)eo6'T)Ac, 
a 3-CAc T)A a T)5leo bA cjteTTje 5I1A8 ; 

T)Aft TTA3bAbATl p^T) A Tl]3 CA|3, 

a't/ t)a cite|3pib]T/ 30 bjtAc aot) cejrr). 

21 bubA]nc cac T)A b-peATt b-pe6fAC, 
T)A]t cc]be b6]b 30 Ia at) bjvjf ; 

a' I* CAC T)A IT)-bllI) peATl Tt)ATl AT) 3-CeAbrjA, 

30 leAT)pAbAO]f f6|T) e rrjAft cac. 

1 Scacc 3-CACA, seven battalions. The names of the seven battalions 
are : — Cac njjoTj-un, i.e. the battalion of fresh heroes ; which name they 
bore on account of their fresh-looking complexion ; cac ija t>-cAO|rcAc, 
the battalion of the chieftains; cac ija b-treAn njcvAfeAtjtjAc, the battalion 
of the middle-sized men; cac ija b-teAn b-re6rAc, the battalion of the 
mid<il' - I men ; cac ija nj-butj feAtt, the battalion of the stout men ; 
cac t)A b-fCAti rn-beA5, the battalion of the small men ; and cac ija 
iHAftnjATV&iJi the battalion of the rear guards. If we could find equiva- 



105 

0. Meargach of the green blades departed, 

And stopped not till he reached his hosts ; 
Fionn summoned the Fenians, 
And informed them of his danger. 

He then divided them into seven battalions, 
And put each division in its own place ; 
Hearken, saith he, to my counsel, 
Not distant is danger from us. 

He first addressed the front battalion, [fresh ; 

Who were named the battalion of heroes smooth and 
He enquired of them in a loud tone, 
Would they fight as usual in his cause ? 

They all at once answered Fionn, 
That they for him would ever fight ; 
The battalion of the chieftains said likewise, 
That they would follow the battalion with most hands. 

The battalion of the middle-sized men said, 
In battle or conflict however desperate, 
That they never deserted their noble king, 
And would never flinch one step. 

The battalion of the middle-aged men said, 
They would not flinch till the day of death ; 
And the battalion of the stout men said also, 
That they would follow him like the rest. 

lent terms for the above, it would throw some light upon the military- 
history of the ancient Irish. In the Library of Trinity College, there 
is a Fenian tract, in which the names of all the generals and officers 
serving under Fionn is given ; and this, if published, would probably 
illustrate the above military distinctions. In the British army there are 
sappers and miners, pioneers, grenadiers, light infantry, sharp shooters, 
&c, which terms, perhaps, owe their origin to the various ranks in the 
army of Fionn Mac Chumhaill. 



106 
O. 21 biibA|nc cac nA b-f*eAn beA5 f*6f*, 

a'|* AT) CAC T)A 1)-beOl5, t)A l)-lA|tTbA|lA|U; 
50 ]tAbAt)Afl ^n bll|0|* 1)A 1)5t)10TT), 

a't* 50 leAtjpAbAOjf 'e rrjAji cac. 1 

'Do 50] |t T^onr) cu|3e 0|*cun, 

tnAn -peAji cuif* An atj 5-CAC tt}|ormfi ; 

A f b'f*|A|*|tA|5 be A1 ? corb|tAC AO|T)|*|n, 

bo 2t)beAjt5AC b&An|*Ab An b-cu|*. 

21 bubAijic 0|*cu|i 30 b-cjubjtAb f*fe|lj, 
corijjtAC 60 cAjt ceAt)t? tja b-'piAtW ; 
a'j* ttja't* cu|c|rr) bArr>, a pblW, An ffe, 
\X eA5Al 5u|t bAO^Al bjb atd 01A15. 

N] b-ATt^lAlb |*]1) ||« CO||t, An Piod-o, 
bA 6*jc 6uit)t) cu cu|C|ttj cfijb ; 
II* cu A|t b-cneo|n, a'|* An b-cn|AC, 
Aft b-cACA, ah njAi), a'|* ah Ti-b|on. 

Jl* ioi;at)D bu|iju f|D tjo |*ub, a fbjW, 
An 0|*cun, t)A b| bA luAb ; 
ttca'i* cu|citn b'AOr) t)eAC bo't) pb&IW* 
t>| |tACA|8 le||* |*AO|t pA buAb. 

<Do 50|n piotji) 5°U bA caIida rjeAjtc, 
a'|* bA cjtuAb S'jfOtb r^ eA 3 **'r clo|b|tt) ; 

a'|* b'|*1A|:itA15 A T)-beAT)f*A8 cotbnAC, 

le 2t)eAft5Ac mou bo leAc-CAO|b. 

21 "pbiun, au 3°U, 50 5A|*bA 5I1C, 

If V\°V- TW> V] 3 nA& le ^c ">£; 
bA rrMAT) leAC trio dun a D5UA|f*, 

A*f Ofcun o'u nj-buAbA|nc bo bqc |*AO|t. 

1 This line reads thus in the Royal Irish Academy's copy :— 
•' Sai) lems 6fneAc 50 iu*rj bair-" 
In tlic direct path till the day of death. 



107 

0. The battalion of the small men said, 

And the battalion behind them, the rear guards, 

That they were faithful in their acts, 

And that they would follow him like the rest. 

Fionn called Oscur to him, 
As commander of the battalion of brave heroes, 
And asked him if it was in single combat, 
He would encounter Meargach first. 

Oscur saith, that he would himself, 
Give him battle in behalf of the Fians ; 
And if I fall, Fionn, saith he, 
It is to be feared that you will be danger after me. 

It must not be so, saith Fionn, 
We would suffer by thy fall ; 
Thou art our guide, our chief, 
Our prop, our path, and our protector. 

'Tis all the same to us, Fionn, 
Saith Oscur, do not magnify him ; 
If a single man of the Fenians fall, 
He shall not depart victorious. 

Fionn sent for Goll, of powerful strength, 
Whose feats of sword and spear were great ; 
And inquired if he would fight 
The great Meargach in single combat. 

Fionn, saith Goll cunningly and wisely, 
"Tis true, thou lovest not me ; 
Thou wouldst wish to put me in danger, 
And Oscur from trouble to be safe. 

by which the poet implies that the rear-guards would never desert their 
colors but fight to the very last. 



108 
f. NAfi 5eAlUif-fe leb' cojl fAOft, 

Aft rvo fox)Y& rriAft 5eAll c&c, 
Sat) feAfArb ||- rjAijieAC uAfc ! 

3- <t>o seAlUr, a fbwv, 30 tfoft, 

30 leAT>pAit)ij bo strjorb rriAfi cAc ; 
t)] riACAb Aft 3-cul o'r; 5-CAc, 
rt)A 3AbAtjt) 5AC peAft e bo lAfrfj. 

"F- ^o 3°m FlO^TJ 'DjArtrouib <Dor)ii, 

a']* b fiAjrftAis "piow be 30 caojt; ; 

atj b-cfubriAb corbftAC aojt) fqft, 

bo 2t)beAri3AC cftuAfb tja \ot)V rjjjijfoiij. 

Nf riACAb a 3"Cd|rb-3liAb 30 bjtAc, 
le 2t)eAri5AC tja t^Iaj* Iat)t> ; 
-* Th\VVi tWf cojcceAtjr) at? cac, 
b]Ab corb n?A]c le peAjt Aijr;. 

•D'piApftAjs b"pb<volAt) bo 511c Ajib, 
a f)-beAi)pA6 corbftAC CAft a cjogt) ; 
a bubAfftc fe le pjorjt) tja b-'FfAtii}, 
oftc r;]Oft c]Ac bA b-cujc]i)r) Ai)r> 

'Do f-AOileAf-f a, Aft pfOTjr), At) fIajc, 
t;ac ArblA|b f*ft) bo seAllAjf bupit), 

3AC Aft 5eAllAf, Aft "pAolAtJ, 

Tie too TiAe r>j TiACAb Aft 5-cul. 
<t)'f*|Af:fiAi5 bo 5AC peAft bjob 

AT) ftACfTAb ft1A AOT)AJt Icif ; 

A blibAfftC 3<XC AOT) bo't) CAC TV]01)t) ii|ft, 

bo boAftrr)AO|b bjulcAb biijc. 



109 

F Hast not thou promised of thy own free will, 

That thou wouldst place thyself in jeopardy, 

On my account as each has promised ; 

Not to stand [to thy word] is shameful to thee ! 

G. I did promise, truly, Fionn, 

That I would follow thy deeds like the rest, 
I shall not flinch from the battle, 
If every man take his part. 

F. Fionn called forth Diarmuid Donn, 
And he enquired of him, mildly, 
If he would give single combat 
To stern Meargach of the powerful deeds. 

I shall never engage in single conflict, 
With Meargach of the green blades ; 

Fionn, if the battle be general, 

1 shall be as good as any there. 

He asked Faolan in a loud voice, 
If he would fight for him ; 
He said to Fionn of the Fians, 
Thou wouldst not be sorry if I fell there. 

I imagined, saith Fionn, the chieftain, 
That it was not thus you promised me ; 
All that I promised, saith Faolan, 
During my days I shall fulfil. 

He asketh of every man of them, 
If they would singly go with him ; 
Each one of the battalion of the smooth armed men 
We refuse thee. [said, 



110 

O. ^'piApjtA]^ tt^Aft At) 5-eeAbt)A at) iiAjb, 

a 5-CAc t)a b-cAOjfeAc ye.A]\ \b]rr)-ie6W, 
bo b&AjtjrAb bu^lAb livrb ati Iaitt), 
bo 2t)beAji5Ac 8at)a t)a t^Uf Utit). 

21 bubttAbAji u]le beAl Aft beAl, 

ijac jtAib peAft bo l*ut)j:A6 f]T) bo lu<\8 ; 
acc 50 ftAC^AbAOi^ le ce]le, 
a 5-CAC bA CTte]T)e t|tort)-fluA5. 

<t)o lAbA-jfi led 6 cac 50 cac, 

a't- V] b-puAi|t tjeAC bo't) iorr)lAit); 
bul bo conjjtAC 2t)beATt5Ai5 t)A Iatjt), 

5Ufl CU]C At) CJtAT)T) ATI T)A b"TA|lTbA]tA1T). 

<Do lAbA]tt le cAOifeAC t)a T)-iAfirbATiAt) 
a't- ttjoti loc jreAjt iATirn)A d'i) 1)5^ ac ; 
a bubAijtt 5AC aot) b^ob 50 be^te, 
50 leArjpAbAoif ejle Cao|T)-Iiac. 

<t)o C05 "p]or)t) A5iif OfCiiTi A|5, 
ua^U 5^111 6f A|tb A5 rt}U|&eATi) ; 

T)A T)-]ATtTT)ATtA!) bO 5AbA]l AT) CACA, 

a']* t>a peAcc b-crieAT) caca 6]uIcai5 7~bl UP- 

<t)o cu^8rT)Aj|t u]le cun) fuAii), 

a't* r)|ori f"Arb fiiAirbrjeAr* 8u]t)i) 50 Ia; 
b'eirnjiorrjAft 50 ttjoc Art tT)Aib]t), 

a'j* T)]OTl b-fAbA 50 b-pACATT)ATt AT) CAT). 
<t)0 5IAC Cv\0|t)-l]AC 6 1 be a'|* A TUT), 

a't* bo buAil be]n) caca 50 coat)t) ; 

CA1UJ5 2t)eATt5AC I)A Ul)l) l)5lAf 
a't* A fluA5 50 ptlAp Aft AT) TT)-b*U. 



Ill 

0. He likewise enquired if there was [arm, 

Among the battalion of the chieftains, a man of mighty 
Who would give battle hand to hand, 
To fierce Meargach of the green blades. 

They all said with one accord, [speak, 

That there was not one who would thus presume to 
But that they all would go in a body, 
In battle, however desperate, of mighty hosts. 

He spoke to them from battalion to battalion, 
And he found none of the whole 
That would go fight Meargach of the swords, 
Till the lot fell on the rear guard. 

He addressed the chief of the rear guards [who said], 
We never shrunk from the fight ; 
They all said from first to last, 
That they would follow Caoin Liath.* 

Oscur the noble, and Fionn, 

Raised a loud shout of applause ; 

Boasting that the rear guard engaged in the battle, 

After the seven great battalions had refused Fionn. 

We all went to rest, 
And our repose till dawn was not delightful ; 
We arose early in the morn, 
And 'twas not long till we saw a host, 

Caoin Liath took his armour and shield, 
And fiercely struck the battle-blow ; 
Meargach of the blue spears came 
With his host immediately to the spot. 

* i. e. the gentle grey old man. 



112 

O. FiAVfiAi^eAf 2t)eA|t5<>.c i)A Iat)i) t^Iat;, 

bo 2t)bAC Curi)Aill le cjteAT) 501TT7 slojt; 

Aft be f^T) AT) lAOC CA3A|tCA, 

bo b] a t) ejbe caca at; a corbAiji ? 
y. M] b-^ 5<5 bei,rblT), Aft T^otjt) tt)ac Curi)Aill, 

ACC CAO|T)-l]AC CTtfAC T)A T)-1ATtri)UTtAT); 

T)]OTt cui,be le b-AOi) t)eAc e|le bo'i) "pblAi)T), 

CU COlbftAC ACC e Ab C-AOT)AJlAT). 

2t). Cu^jipeAbfA, a 'FblW, ^a c6rb6A]l fjub, 
jreAjt ejle bA rb^cf Anjujl ?eyo ? 
c !3 & lf T 16 cejle bejn) a;x be|n), 

Aft 2t)eA|t5AC CTteAT) T)A lAT)T) T)5eA|t. 

<Do 50]ti 2t)eAft3AC peAtt lejf pejT) 
b'ATt b'A|T)in) 3T)Ajc •DorjT) c DoftcA|i); 
b'iOT)t;Ai5 at) b'n* a ceije at)t) fit), 

TO CAlTt)A 5I1C AJt Cbl)OC-AT)-ATTt. 

Ba l^OTbCA, ^eAT,l5AC, piocrbAjt, 

bo bj *Dot)T) ^ojtcA^T) a't; C ao| t)-It, <xc ; 
A3 301 1) a't; A5 c|ieAccu3A& a cejle, 
3AT) ceAccAjt A3 5e|le Afi aot) cAob. 

•Do bj AT) "pblAT)T) Afl CA0b AT) C^OfC, 
A3 Ari)ATtC Afl CJtUC T)A IaOC j 

a't; 2t)eA|i3AC, a't; a fluA3 ceAT)n, 
A3 pe]ceATb le ceATTT) CbAO|T)-le|c. 

<Do lAbA]Tt C0T)Al) 30 bOTlb CjieAT), 

56'ti b-jrAbA f|A?t 6 o't) i)3lejc; 
CApA]8 bo lAn) 50 b-qqb leAc <Dot)T), 

A CbAO|T)-l)AC CflUAjb T)A lAT)T), A|l f6. 



no 

0. Meargach of the green blades enquireth 
Of Mac Cumhall in a fierce voice, 
If he were the conceited hero, 
Who was in armour in his presence. 

Not I, indeed, saith Fionn Mac Cuinhaill, 
But Caoin Liath, the chief of the rear guard, 
No other man of the Fenians but he dare venture 
To fight thee singly. 

I'll send, Fionn, to meet him, 
Another hero like himself; 
Let them meet face to face, 
Saith fierce Meargach of the sharp blades. 

Meargach called forth one of his own men, 
Whose name was Donn Dorcain ; 
Then the two attacked each other, 
Dexterous and stoutly on Cnoc-an-air. 

Fierce, angry, and vengeful, 

Were Donn Dorcain and Caoin Liath, 
Wounding and cleaving each other, 
Without giving way at either side. 

The Fians were on the side of the hill, 
Beholding the appearance of the heroes ; 
Meargach and his mighty host 
Awaiting the head of Caoin Liath. 

Conan spoke haughtily and fiercely, 

Though far back from the battle he stood ; 

Hasten thy hand till thou conquer Donn, 

Caoin Liath, the hardy, of the swords, saith he. 
8 



114 

O. c l3o h] ai; b]f* T)'<\]\ cU\ic 51]a8, 

^3 SeAftttAb 50 b _ "P copp a't* ball ; 
6 t-ot;5Ail 5tteir)e 50 \)Q0\\) b6]b, 

5u.fl CttjC C)OT)I) <DoriCAft) 5 AT) CeAT)T). 

T^bAtrxxofboe av> pblATit) ot/Afib, 
5A||i ri)AO]&ce cjte n)Ari &A5 
<t)or)t) <Dofic&it) 2t)beATt5A]5 i)A lAi)t), 

C]A CA1t)]5 CU5A|T)t) CAO|t)-l]AC tTAOtl. 

21 biib<\iftc "piorjt) ATjrj fit) le Corj^t), 
o cjAT)Aib bA ctteAi) bo 5l6|t ; 
peAC AT)0]r* ijeATic bo Iattj, 
Ab c-Aor>A|t le t:eAfi bo'r) c-floj;. 

Nf treAcpAb TjeAftx tt)o Iatt) t>a rtio 5t)iotT), 
le b"AOr? T)eAC bjob 50 bti&c; 
bA TT)-bA& cujcjrr) bArt? fAt) 5-CAC, 
mo currjAb 1 r)iofi b-pAbA oficf- a T^bl^U- 

2lt) CAt) COr)AfflC 2t)eA|l3AC T)A IaV)T), 

50 b-cu5 Cao|t)-1]ac <Doi)t) po Iatx; 
bo 5leAf a cojtp cftur-Aluft)r), 5lAt), 
a ri-e]be caca njAbniA a'|* bAjf*. 

<Do sluAif 50 ptiAp bo Iacaip fh]VV, 
a't> a bubAipc left* bo bojib jlofi ceAi)t), 
e pep) bo 5Ab<xfl a rj-e^be caca, 
x)b 'y Iaoc bo b'peAftTi A5 e cuft At)t). 

1 21)o cuii)«\&, literally my grief. Conan knew very well that the Fenians 
would not regret his death, but on the contrary that they would regard 
it a boon to be relieved from one upon whom they looked as their stul- 
tified vilifier and defamer. In the romantic tale called the 0nui5C<\g 
ChaoTtcAintj, or the Mansion of the Quicken Tree, it is related that Co- 
nan and the Fenians entered the Mansion, which they found most sump- 
tuously supplied with all the delicacies peculiar to such a place ; and 
after regaling themselves most comfortably, wondered why they saw no 



115 

0. The twain, who were not feeble in battle, 
Were freely cleaving bodies and limbs, 
From the rising of the sun till evening, 
Till Donn Dorcain fell a headless corpse. 

We, the Fenians, raised aloud, 
A cheer of exultation for the death 
Of Meargach's hero, Donn Dorcan, 
Though Caoin Liath came to us feebly. 

Fionn then said to Conan, 

Awhile ago thy talk was fierce ; 
Try now the strength of thy hand 
In single combat with one of the host. 



*e* 



I shall not try the valor of my hands or deeds 
With any one of them for ever ; 
If I fell in the battle, 
Lament for me would not be long on thee, Fionn. 

When Meargach of the blades beheld 
That Caoin Liath laid Donn low ; 
He armed his well-proportioned elegant body, 
In battle armour for conflict and death. 

He went quickly into the presence of Fionn, 
And said to him in a fierce bold voice, 
To gird himself in battle armour, 
Or to send his bravest hero there. 

servants or attendants whatever iu the place, but saw tbat the various 
splendours, and even the doors were vanishing, until it was finally re- 
duced to a mere boc, or hut, save one entrance only. One of the Fenian 
chiefs from this circumstance suspected it to be a place of treachery, and 
exhorted the Fenians to leave as fast as they could ; but Conan, who re- 
mained behind to do more justice to the viands with which the tables were 
so abundantly supplied, was at length by some spell or other, fastened 
to the floor where he would have remained had not some of the Fenians 



116 

O. to'pfieASAif 1 "plow bo bojtb jloft, 

a'y bubA|ftt t)AC leoft leAc Art cu|c pop ; 
a bubonic peif-eAt), 'p If* b0 ^a f1 t*> 
ijaji leofi rrjAjt 8jol a i)-&A5 *£b<Mlc • 

<Do 501fX ~f|Ot)t) Aft BI)Ut)At)C\l) b]\)\), 

aV c^idis 50.T) ]*51 e A l l l ^ lae ' 

If rt)6fi At) CA|tc<vift)e, Art 2t)eAjt5<xc, 

a fAri)uil f]T) b peAfi b0 l u<x& hW' 

2t). 5°IT t F eAb r A f^ c|iorr)-fluA5 u]le, 

A|i 2t)eA]i3AC po ^inS le Flow ' 
]*5A0jlpeAb tja lAocfiA po cejle, 
l<\jttr>A|i t)A peirjrje 1)& Iua8 l]Ort). 

O. Hjoft b-pAbA 50 b-pACArt)A|i A5 ceAcc, 

0fcit|t AiseAtjcA t)A rr)-be|tr)ior)i) 5-cruiAi8 ; 
a Iaui) IjorbcA t)A 8eAf Ia]tt) bo b], 

A Pb^tflAIC ! IT b l^ At > V e ^ b0 luA&A]tU. 

P. 2licttir 8u]t)t) a 0|n') f UA lT* c » 

C]ot)i)Af bo cuAjb At) cac bo'r) b]y ; 
ij6 At) le 2t)eA|t3AC t»A Ut)t) t^Ur, 
bo cujc bo ti)AC, At) c-Ofcu]t 3fioi8e ! 

O. )9Qin | bu ! c > A Pb«c|tAic, A|t b'-cur, 

5u|i bO]li5 l]Otx) A be^c rt)Ajt z'&]m ; 

a i)-biAi5 OfCUJ^t A'f 1)A b-'plAI)!), 

A tt)eAr5 1)A 5"CllA|l 3At) pOjt)t) AftA]!) ! 

p. 21 cftuA5^t) bojcc ! if bAict)'ib \&]}\, 

1)AC A TDeAfS t)A 3"CllA|t bUjC CUf 

1)1 be^ceA 'r)0]x b& IuaS jai) cfejll, 
a'|* bo leAtjp^b 50 pjaI ^15 t)A rj-bul. 

taken compassion on him, returned and pulled him with all their might 
and succeeded, but not without leaving the most part of the skin of his 
back stuck to the floor. It is traditionally recorded by the peasantry 



117 

O. Fionn replied in a fierce tone, [fallen i 

And said, art thou not content with all that have 
Meargach answered, and with truth, 
That it was not sufficient for the death of Tailc ! 

Fionn called Bunanan the melodious, 
And he came without delay in full speed ; 
Great is the affront, saith Meargach, 
To talk of such a man to us. 

M. I shall muster all my mighty hosts, 
Saith Meargach angrily, to Fionn ; 
I shall let the heroes loose on each other, 
Of thy Fenian reserves do not speak to me. 

0. Not long was it until we beheld approaching 
Exasperated Oscur of the stern blows, 
His polished blade in his right hand he bore, 
Patrick! sad is the loss of the man of whom I speak. 

P. Relate to us, pleasant Oisin, 

How fared the battle with the two ; 

Or was it with Meargach of the green blades, 

Thy son fell, the heroic Oscur. 

O. I tell thee, O Patrick, at first, 
That I regret being as I am, 
After Oscur and the Fenians, 
Among the clerics without much bread. 

P. poor wretch ! it is much to be regretted, [beginning ; 
That it was not among the clerics thou wert from the 
Thou wouldst not now be speaking foolishly, 
And thou wouldst modestly follow the king of the 
elements. 

that his comrades ran to a flock of sheep which they saw grazing in a 
field, skinned a huge black ewe, and fastened the skin tightly to Conan's 
back, by which mark he was known ever after. 



118 

O. "Ctuiaj; 5AI) cA|fe C115A& tre-jri, 
A 3 u r 5° Pi ! 1 cwr> *>o cIjaji; 
i)A b-AbA]|i Item) 50 leAijpAjtjr) <t) J A, 
a't* 50 b-cjt&]5p]rjr) cTtTAt t)A b-pTATiT). 

P. Ma b]8 bA fui^eATT), a 0|nt) tt>tc 'pbltW, 
cu||i bii]T)t) crvjoc A|t cac ct)0|C at) ATft, 
bo frj at) "pbiAtjr) cjt&At) 50 leojt, 
Aijo]f if b6|b 50 y. at)T)-Ia5 cI*vtc. 

O. 21 PbACftAic ! rt}'<\'x e- DjA t)A t)5ftAf, 

C115 At? cArs ri') A i l a, j fc-T^uro ; 

i)A Cfieib uat8 6 fo y uAf, 

aot) tjjb luATbtqb leAc leb' jtAe. 

2llCfl||* bArtj ATJOjl* A PbACTlATC, 

at) 6 At) <£>|A 5ttAbniA|t f|i) a bubAijic ; 
50 |tu5 pe-]T) buAb Art AT) b-'peji^r), 
a'|* 5u|t b'fe TpiteAT)i) fuAfi 1 a 5-cluib. 

P. \W\\X® buic, Af 1)1 b]t6A5, 

511ft beA|tbui5 b&Al <De biijT)T) ; 

AT) btteATT) T)AC T)-b&AT)pA]8 a TteTjt, 

!PlteAi)t) bAoti 511ft be- a i)-biii) ! 

O. Nj &eA|lT)Ab AT) "FblAVJT) A |te]Jt TtTATT), 

T)A crieibf*! <D]A T)A fAob 5I0JI ; 

Ti)i)Tf bATt) tdA't- 6 TU15 buAb, 

ca b-t-utAiit |*luA|5ce a 5-cun)AT* b6|b. 

P. )f 6 <Dja 11115 bu<\8 A|l AT) b-'pe]!)!), 

a't* T)]ott TAfijt bA 86at)aH) cac t)a floj; 

ACt A C01)3t)Ali) t- 4 6|1) 't*A COri)ACCA CftAlC, 
't* If 11)CJtC]bce T)AC plAT* A ^lojt. 

1 pUATt, roW. The poet seems to have been acquainted with the opinion 
of sonic of the schoolmen, that the damned pass from one extremity of 



119 

0. Misery without redress attend thyself, 
And truly thy clerics 

Do not say to me that I would follow God, 
And that I would forsake the chief of the Fians. 

P. Do not be arguing, O Oisin son of Fionn, 

Tell us how the battle of Cnoc-an-air ended ; 
The Fians were mighty enough, 
But now they are weak and feeble. 

O. Patrick ! if it be the God of grace 

Who spread that report about the Fians, 
Do not believe from him henceforth 
Anything he tells thee during thy days. 

Relate to me now, Patrick, 
If it be that God of love who said, 
That he himself conquered the Fians, 
And that cold hell is their habitation. 

P. I tell thee, and 'tis no falsehood, 

God's own mouth hath declared to us, 
That those who will not follow his counsel 
A hell of pains will be their dungeon ! 

O. The Fenians never followed his counsels, 

Believe not thou God of the feigned speech, 
Tell me if it were He that obtained victory 
Where he found hosts their match. 

P. It is God who obtained victory over the Fians, 
And did not ask the aid of battalions or hosts, 
But his own strength and timely power, 
And truly his speech is not feigned. 

suffering to another, in the next life — from the most intense flames of 
fire, to the most intolerable degree of cold. 



120 

O. Na cftejb tj]6 Afi b*c bA Iua8at)tj, 

iDiv be*ji 50 ftu5 buA6 aji At) b-"peit)i); 
3AI) flu^5 t)A c6|]t i)A 8A]l, 
t)A seAll 30 bftAc acc 6 K^1i>. 

P. )x e 'Dia ^10 Aiy u]le flog, 

Tl* e 43'A coift A'f rjeAftc cAc ; 

If e <D|A ]iu3 buAS Afi At) b-"p6i*)t), 

a'|* xj\ le tjeAfic Iaoc t)A c6|ft cAt). 

O. 2li;o|f pAO| b[i|3 bo leAbAjft bAjt), 

A'f bo bACA'lle ca le t)A A]p, 
tAOj f|Ai)|*Ai) bo 6I03 glojt Aftb, 
At) b-pujl b|teA3 *ot)A |tAi8ceAfi leAc ? 

P. 21 OirlU Cfte-b uA'tt) 30 pjo*t, 

5AC fjiiocAl bA T)-]ijt)]nnj bu*c Aft <t)l)*A ; 
50 b-pujlib sat) ceils, 5 At) bfie|3, 
a'j* 311*1 b'd |.*e*t) bo feojl 8u|t)i) ]Ab. 

O. "3&c pmocAl b'Afi A*c*t|** biqc, 

t)\ tt)6*i njo ce***c, acc ait)A*i); 
Tt)A|t a be]*t Ioac 311*1, Ab ua*8 pep), 

flU.5 bu<V& A|t At) b-"pe|1)l) At) AOt)A|lAt). 

P. l Do 1x113 biiAb a*i a b-cAjt)]3 pop, 

6 cup At) boti)A|t) ti)6|)t 30 pjo|i • 

a'** beAiapAf A|t A b-qocpA t)A t)-b*A*3, 

bA c*te*t)e -Ab 30 be**te At; c-**ao*3|1. 

O. Ma cjtc|b *:ocaI bA t)-bubA**ic *t|Ati), 
t)A *.*6f bA T)-boAjipA|& le t*A |tAC ; 
6f j^\)'<\t loj*- bo*c bA Iua8, 
3ii|i b'S [tug btiA8 aji At; b-pojnt), 



121 

O. Believe nothing that he saith, 

If he say that he obtained sway over the Fians, 
Without hosts — without help at hand, 
Or pledge at all but himself. 

P. God himself is all hosts [all powerful], 
God is the might and pursuer of all, 
Tis God who obtained sway over the Fians 
And not by the strength of heroes or pursuit of hosts. 

0. Now, on the virtue of thy white book, 
And thy crozier which lies at its side, 
Under the chiming of thy high-sounding bells, 
Dost thou lie in what thou sayest 1 

P . O Oisin, believe me truly, 

Every word that I relate to thee of God ; 

Is without guile or falsehood, 

And 'twas himself who taught them to us. 

0. Each word that I have related to thee, 
My quer}'' is not much, but only, 
Whether he tell thee that it was by himself alone 
He obtained sway over the Fians. 

F. He obtained sway over all that have been 
From the beginning of the world surely, 
And he will, over all that will come after, 
Though great their might, till the world's end. 

0. Believe not a word he hath ever uttered, 

Nor yet what he may say during his day, 

As he is constantly proclaiming 

That 'twas he who gained victory over the Fians. 



122 

P. )x beAfib leACf a 30 rw'ye&w At ) )~b]*VV> 
t)A b-cAfr)]5 TM AT b A V A b-c*ocf A]8 f6f ; 
Y if beAjtb l|ort)f a 50 rt/feAfift <D]A, 

T)A CUfA A5Uf ^Ab, A f eA1)0]]l ! 
O. )\ COfri)Ull TJAC b-fACA CU AX) ftyt-VW} 

t)A b-qor*6l 5I1A6 a t)-Art) 3leo ; 
r^Ofi cofn)U]l |te f *AT)fAr) pfAlrt), 

T)A |te cl0|5 A5 CAftlJAlItC, A 5-Ceol. 
NjOfi COfri)U|l le 4D]A, A PbAC|tA]C, 

a f I11A3 n;6ft8AlAC, 6ff(8eAfic, |*ufe ; 

xy\ cuaIai8 cAf3 &accac it^Arb, 

acc a 5-cu||t]fife 'fAi) cljAji bA clu. 

P. NjOft AfCfiff Tt)1|*e t)A At) cljAjt, 

6 cuf bujc Cfqai} a rbAyc %\)\ovc) ; 
n)A]c bo-Cft]oct)Ai5re, a rbAfc, 

a Oirit», ir eab 3° ri°n- 
O. Mi 5S1U1TD, a Pb^cjtAic, bo *DbiA, 

t)A f6f bob' bfiiAcjtA if leArij 3l6ft ; 

5U|l T\)4.\t 6 fC*t) t)A a suiotb, 

of* bujTje 6 bo b^of 3AI) cac, 3AV) ^63. 

P. M) \b.y.&V)X) CO] [l CACA T)A flos, 

a Oifjt) 30 bed i)A bA|l; 

acc jiojtweAf cocfiAn? bo |t&*|t cuil*rb, 

a'i* t;i b-p A3At)i) n}|lleA8 6 ija TjArrjAfb. 

Cfte-b uAfrt) for Af 3 6 1 11 3° TW- 
a Oifjt) dao'c i;ac i)3|t^bAt)i) <D*a ; 
a'** ttjA'f ttja'c r>o olc leac 6, 
|f 6 bo ro]f3 t»fel") «;a b-'plAijij. 



123 

P. Thou iinaginest that the Fians were mightier 

Than all who ever came and will come hereafter, 
But I believe that God is stronger 
Than thou and they, old man ! 

0. 'Tis likely thou hast not seen the Fians 
Mustered for battle in time of war ; 
Not like the humming of the psalms, 
Or the clangor of bells, was their music. 

Not like unto God, Patrick, 

Were his [Fionn's] proud illustrious hosts, 

I never heard of any great feat [by him, i.e. God,] 

But what thou and the clerics spread of his fame. 

P. The clerics or I have not told thee 

One-third of his good deeds since the beginning, 
Goodness without end is his goodness, 
Oisin, it is truly. 

0. I do not submit, Patrick, to God, 

Nor yet to thy words which are foolish, 

That either he himself or his actions were great, 

As he was a man without battalion or hosts. 

P. He asketh not for the pursuit of battalions or hosts 
For ever, Oisin, in his presence, 
But distributes equally according to merit, 
And he never gets a hurt from his foe. 

Believe me still and truly submit, 
silly Oisin who lovest not God, 
And whether it seems good or ill to thee, 
'Twas he who checked the career of the Fians. 



124 
O. <Do cattatj- b|t^A5, i)j \)-'e <Dja, 

JU15 budb T)A D'ETAT)!), T)A A TT)-bAT* J 

a'j* bA T)-beAftT)Ai8 ceAjtt t)A cocttAn) ftjATT), 
bo |toir>t)|:e<\.& 50 fjaII at) e-atiat). 

P. RojtjrjceAft leAC ajiAt) aY beoc, 

bo 5AC cu|b bA b-pA5At)t) at) cl]A|i ; 
cu]5C|0|i liorrj 31^ TJATjteAc bujc, 
tdat-Ia a'j* 5UC bo cAbAjfic bo l3b]A. 

O. 2t)A 5e]b|mfe AftAi) aY beoc, 

A Y r«*ll 3 AT > cof3 Art)eAr5 fl* 3" c ll*t* i 

A Pb&C|tA|C ! Xj\ Tt)eAfA]n) Aft AOT) COft, 
bO <t)blA 50 b-pAfCeATJT) AT) H1AT1. 

P. Cior)t)Af bob £&ibifi bo leAc rtjATi, 

AT) CAT) 3eT.b]fl b]Ab tT)ATt CAC J 
T»1 COJ*rbu|l 5UTt leAC-CUTT)A8 J*]!), 

A °ino, ir ")in»ic bo 5IAITT) ! 

O. 21 PbACTtAJC ! T)l CTte]bt:|T)T) bo <DblA, 

CUT/A, T)A 't) cl|Afl T)AC CAO|I) ; 

tt)AY a T)-e]T)peACc 5eAbrr)AOjb b|A8, 

5U|t Ab TOT)A!)1) AT) TtTAft fA |tO]l?f?. 

P- 21 Oft/IT) T)A CUT, ft A pUTT) T)] but- TT)6 

A b-pilATTlir b'AI)T)]t68 ATT)CAf5 ^ A Z~ C MW> 

leAC-CUTT)A& if] 6eATtT)AbATl JIT, ATT), 

Y IT PCA|t|T A T)-0lc t)A TT)AjC T)A b-^AtJO* 

O. Olc A3Uf ATT5U1T) 6(*ATlb, 

bo cu|qrr) a T;-bA|l bo cI|aji; 

aY t)A |tAbA|ftfe fAOft 5 T)A T^OjtT), 

6|ft T)jOJl COflT)U|l f|b lo T-lllAS T)A b-"F|Al)1). 



125 

0. Thou liast told a falsehood, 'twas not God [death, 
That obtained sway over the Fians, or caused their 
And if he ever acted justly or evenly, 
lie would generously share the bread. 

P. Bread and drink is shared with thee, 
Of each meal the clerics get ; 
I perceive it is shameful to thee 
Abuse and scandal to give to God. 

0. If I get food and drink, 

And a willing share among the clerics ; 
Patrick ! I cannot think on any account 
That thy God seeth my share. 

P. How is it that thou couldst get but half diet, 
Whilst thou gettest food like the rest ; 
It is not likely that it is injustice 
Oisin, how constant is thy clamour ! 

0. Patrick, I would not believe thy God, 
Thou, nor the clerics, who are not mild, 
If it be together [i. e. at one table] we are fed 
That the portion each gets is alike. 

P. Oisin talk no more, [clerics; 

Of all the hardships thou hast undergone among the 
Injustice they never did, [of the Fians. 

And their worst acts are better than the best deeds 

0. Ills and loud contention 

Mayest fall among thy clerics ; 

And may thou not escape their venom, 

For ye are not like the Fenian hosts. 



126 
P. )x olc \\ovo a feAt)6|jt lejc, 

1JAC ]Ot)TT)U|l) leAC clejfl T)A $>]*.', 

c^ocf A^b z\\t\]i 'rjAfi bje leAC 6, 

50 bojlb A 1}-bAOft £jlAf TJA b-p|AtJt), 

O. Jf leofi l|ort) bo bAOft glAf p]At), 

be]C AtrjeAf 3 t)a 5-cliAfi rrjAfi cA|rr> ; 
A5 feiceArb Aft SfiAf Afb <De, 

bO |tO|T?0eAf 50 CA0l At) C-AJtAlJ. 

M'l cofrijujl y]h t)A biift rj-^iA, 

le *F]OVQ A5 ftTAp. aV A3 |tO]T)t) AfiAjTJ, 

T)]0|i rbujrieAfi 1 lejf fluA5 t?a b-"pjAr;i}, 
A'f a b-qjeab ijac jAb t)A 82v]l. 

H] rrjAfi ffr> bujcfe a']* bob clejft, 

t)A b'A blift fAOft-flAJC If TTJOfl cA]l; 

ff n)6|t l^b c|tuA5At) 2 bocc, 5AI) fqArj, 
ai) buri Ti)eAf5 a cunjplACC At) solAft). 3 

P. <Dob' ]o^njuit) l]t)t)e A'f le 4D|A, 

a feAtjojft 1]ac cu bejc b'Ajt |tejft ; 
t)A be]c fAob-riAjbceAc IjofeA, 
rrjAri ^ 3t)Ac cufA, a 0|fjr) bAO]t ! 

O. 21 PbAcjtAic ! bo 8eAt)f Aitji) bo |te||t, 

a']* bob' jotjrbujt) l|orr? fe|t) bo tobjA; 
acc 5U|t rt)|t)|C ljon? bo ItiAbAffi, 

30 ]tU5 buAb Aft lph]OW T)A b-"pJAt)t}. 

1 2J}ujfteATt, a burthen, a family. Here Oisin indicates that Fionn 
would not close his doors or refuse food to any that visited him, no matter 
how numerous they came. 

2 CnuATj&n- This word signifies a person in the most ahject state of 
poverty and want. 



127 

P. It is grievous to me hoary old man, 

That thon lovest not the clerics and God ; 
A time will come when thou shalt regret it 
Sorrowful in the bonds of pain. 

0. It is enough for me of cruel bonds of pain 
To be with the clerics as I am, 
Awaitiug the grace of God, 
Who slenderly shares with me the bread. 

Not like are ye or your God, 
To Fionn sharing and giving bread, 
He would feel no burthen in the Fenian hosts, 
Or in all who came in his presence besides them. 

Not so with thee and thy clerics, 
Or thy chief though great his fame ; 
Ye grudge a poor feeble wretch 
To dwell among you, crying horde. 

P. We and God would rejoice 

hoary old man, that thou wert of our way, 
Nor to be vainly garrulous and tedious 
As thou always art, silly Oisin ! 

O. Patrick ! I would do as thou desirest, 
And 'tis I that would love thy God, 
But only that thou too often proclaimest [Fians. 
That 'twas he who obtained sway over Fionn of the 

s 3ol&i) signifies one that is constantly crying or growling. The poet 
uses the expression here in reference to the singing of psalms and hymns 
by St. Patrick and his choir ; for while he himself was obliged to fast, 
the singing of psalms was not very much to his taste ; and, therefore, 
taunted the saint on every possible occasion. 



12S 

P. BeAt)l)ACt le CACA^b 1)A b-plAI)!), 

bA cneADrnAfi ]Ab a'p bA n)A]C a 3-CA|lj 
A^pif bU]t)t) At)oif* 5AI) bftot), 
C]A |tU5 buAS A|t Ct)OC At) A||t ! 

O. C]A 5uji tbiAt) liortj a b-cjiAct pub, 

A bejc A|t fiubAl le |Oft)Ab pA^nt : 
leAi)|.*Ab bujc, ti)A 5e|b|tr) jtjAft, 
A|t c6|ri)f5le6 6jAt) crjo^c At) Ajjt ! 

^'lO^r^lo ^GA]t3AC t)A Ut)1) t)5lAf, 

a'c Ofcujt, 50 ceAt)i), a 3-c6in)-5le|c ; 
a PbACftAjC ! bA b-pejcpeA ai) b^p, 
\y\ ri)olpA8 3t^oib aot) rbic <De ! 

<Do bAn)U]fi u|le At) 7^1^1)1), 

a 5-C|ieACA]b b]AT) pA bnot) 30 cIac ; 
le b-eA3Al 3u|i cu]C]rt) b'Aft Iaoc, 
le 2t)eA|t5Ac c^teAt) i)A 3-cnitAb lArb. 

<t)o bj fluA3 2t)beA|t3A]3 t)A t>5lAp lAt)t), 
5AI) cjio^be, 3A1) 5|teAt)r), A5 pile beon ; 
b'eA3lA njAjibAb a 5-ceAt)t; cfijAc, 
le b'0fcu|t bjAt) r)A Iai)T) t^eAfi. 

21 PI)AcpiAjc ! bA tTj-be]cpeAb A3 peACAit)i), 
A]i 5AC itjAt) cuihj-bejn) C|iuA|6; 
bA |tA]b A|i conpA]b r)A i)3Aftb Iaoc, 
<D|a i)A 'i) cl&in i)i bejcpeA luAjb. 

p. 21 Oint) ! rs A °i l ^°n c 5° k°i u > 

bo bftjAcnA bAojp a']* Ioat) bob' cnAct ; 

bO buA]8 At) 3t)]OTT) Aft Ct)OC At) A]|t ! 



129 

P. Peace be with the battalions of the Fians, 

They were mighty and their fame was great; 

Relate to us now without grief, 

Who gained the victory at Cnoc-an-air? 

0. Though it would be my desire to talk of them, 
And to relate it with much pleasure, 
I shall tell thee if I am served [with food], 
Of the fierce conflict at Cnoc-an-air ! 

Meargach of the green blades, 

And Oscur, engaged fiercely in single combat, 

Patrick ! hadst thou seen the two 

Thou wouldst not praise the actions of God's only son. 

We, the Fenians, all were 

Trembling intensely, and in heavy grief, 

Apprehensive our hero would fall 

By the mighty Meargach of the stern arms. 

The hosts of Meargach of the green blades 
Were spiritless and joyless, shedding tears, 
Fearing for the fall of their head and chief 
By Oscur of the severe arm and sharp blades. 

Patrick ! wert thou a spectator 
Of all the traces of the sharp swords 
Which were on the bodies of the stern warriors, 
Thou wouldst not mention God or the clerics. 

P. Oisin ! leave off a while 

Thy silly words, and pursue the tale ; 

Tell us which of the twain, 

Was victorious in the action at Cnoc-an-air. 
9 



130 

O. 21 2t)l;eA|i5Ai5 ! A[i Ofcufi 6fA]tb, 
&o 6eA|t5 n)o Iaiju Ajt bo cojip ; 
bo 5eA|t|tA8 l]on} b'freoil 30 ctjArb, 
aV ca iA|t5r>68 at? bC\ir A5 ceAcc opr ! 

<#). Mj l;-eA3Al l]orn ba^ 6b' lAjri}, 

tjA cu]|t a 5-cCvf rrje, Oj-ciqit ^ejl ; 

|f bCA]lb l|OTT) bO CU|C|IT? l]1)tj, 

A'f a njAHieAijr) b]ob bob' f-luA^ j:6|r>. 
O. jf beAjtb Ijorr) a 2t)ljeA|t5A]5 cjtuA|b, 

t>AC ^AbA UA^C 30|t) A1} bA]f, 

A'f 50 b-cu]Cf:||t-f| a']* bo qiorrj-f-luAJ, 
IjorrjfA a'|* le fluA5 "pb|Ai)i;A pA^l. 1 

<t)0 5IAC OfCU]l 30]1T) a'|* £JtAOC, 

a'|* bo C05 a Iai;u lAV)-buAbAC ; 
le rt)]\ie TTjeAijrrjAT) a'j* r>eA]ic Iatt), 
3ujt ce]l3 po Iaji 2t)eAji3AC cjtuAib. 

MlOft b-pAbA bo't) Iaoc aji CAlti)u]r), 
Ai) CAr> b'ei|i]3 3AT) clAp A|t]]*; 
bo 3Ab' rjAjfie ]A|i f]T> atj peAji, 
a'}* bo rbeAbu|3 a tjeArtt 'f a 5i)jorrj. 

1 F|At)t)A "Pxxjl, f/ie F/a?is of Fail. #fc]l, or loir Fcvyl, according to 
Keating, was one of the ancient names of Ireland. At the Tuatha De 
Danann invasion the country received this name from a celebrated stone 
which they brought with tlieni, called the I1A5 Fail, or Stone of Destiny, 
and of which the poet writes : — 

"O'n 5-cloc ro z& poti)' 6a f<Ml, 
If UAice pki6ceAfi 1tur Fail." 

From this stone which is under my two heels, 
The Island of Fail is called. 

T!ii; stone was considered enchanted and held in great veneration for its 
supposed power of making a terrible noise resembling thunder, which 
could be heard at a great distance, when one of the royal race of Scythia 
sat upon it to be crowned. It was then the custom, upon the decease of 
the reigning monarch, that his successor should sit upon this stone for 



131 

0. Meargach ! saith Oscur aloud, 

My spear has reddened in thy body ; 

I have cut thy flesh to the bone, 

And the anguish of deatli cometh upon thee ! 

M. I dread not death by thy hand, 

Be not concerned for me, generous Oscur ; 
I verily believe thou shalt fall by us, 
And all that survive of thy hosts. 

0. I verily believe, stern Meargach, 

That thy death wound is not far from thee, 
And that thou and thy mighty host will fall, 
By me and the hosts of the Fians of Fail. 

Oscur became furious and vehement, 
And he wielded his all-victorious blade, 
With such heroic courage and might of arm, 
That he laid Meargach the hardy low. 

Not long was the hero on the ground, 
When he arose without dread again ; 
Shame then seized the man, 
And his strength and valor increased. 

coronation ; but if the candidate so sitting was not of the royal blood of 
Scythia, neither motion nor noise of any sort proceeded from the stone. 
All the monarchs of Ireland upon their succession were crowned upon 
it ; and from its great fame, Fergus Mac Earca, first king of Scotland, 
sent to his brother Murtough, who was then king of Ireland, requesting 
him to send it to Scotland, in order to be crowned thereon king of that 
country. He believed thereby that the crown would be more firmly pos- 
sessed by him and his posterity, by its innate extraordinary virtue. The 
king of Ireland complied ; and about A.D. 513, Fergus received upon it 
the crown of Scotland. It was preserved with great care at the Abbey 
of Scone in that country, for the purpose of crowning their kings upon 
it, until the time of Edward I., king o. England, who brought it from 
Scotland. It is said to be now placed under the coronation chair in 
Westminster Abbey, where it has lost all its former virtue and power. 



132 

O. 13o cAjc At; bjf beAj-lAoc 3IA1;, 

o ArbAfic n;Ajbi;e 50 \)-]^-t)eo]V ; 

3 AT > rfo 5 At ? r°r* 6 > s^t> c&ui&e, 

OC ! A PbC\C|lA|C, A T)-b]AT)-5le6. 

4D'j1-iap|ia]5 2t)es\|t5Ac b'Ofcuji A13, 
At; b-c|te]5P|8 50 lA at; 3leo; 
a bubA]]tc Ofcujt bo geAbAift bo rb|Ai;, 

T-At^AbAfi At; b|f lArb aji U\]tb, 

A'f bo 5Ab ai; pAi)u]5e a flitAJ; peit;, 
bo 5luA]f* Of*cujt 30 caIi^a, njeAft, 
twt; lejftj aii;ac po]ri) ai; b-) r l;c i |t;t;. 

Bbl bfteArt; A3uit;t; 30 juibAC, fuA]|tc, 
a'j- bjieArr; e]le pA TjiuiAirr; i;a i;5t;&, 
50 b-6ift3|8 STtfejue A]i i;a tbAjtAC, 
5ii|t qot;ol At; i;;\rbA]b cu5A|T;t; 30 CfteAt;. 

<Do cua]6 Opcuft a i;-ejbe caca, 

a'j- bo 3IAC a Afttt; Ya r3l^c V* *>6jb ; 
bo cftiAll a 3-coti;bAil ']•*• 3-co|i;t;o, 
2t)bcA|t5Ai5 rblfte, ai; cpeAi; leorbAi;. 1 

<D'|Ot;t;rAi5 ai; bjf* At; bAjtA It, 
Aft tt;Aib]t; 30 U\ib-3|tob b^At; ; 
A3 5GAft|tAb a'|* A3 C|tOACCU3A8 a c6jle, 
a't t;jojt b-pAbA 51171 gfyji 9 At; Fb|At;t;. 

1 leoii)Atj, a lion. This name is also applied by the poets to a hero, or 
one who distinguishes himself in battle. 

2 S&m* " shout. The Fenians were wont to shout loudly at any signal 
vietory obtained by them, whether in the field or elsewhere; and Uonn- 
chadh Ruadh mliic Conmara, iu his Qaczjxa 5bjolU *u> JlnjAllAji), or, 
Adventures of a Slave of Adversity, thus describes the shout of Charon, 
the boatman of the Styx; — 



133 

0. The two noble brave heroes spent [the time] 
From morning's dawn till evening, 
Without quarter, without cessation, without delay, 
Alas ! Patrick, in severe conflict. 

Meargach asketh of Oscur the noble, 

If he would relinquish the battle for the night ; 
Oscur saith " thou shalt have thy desire," 
And they both left separated. 

The two came hand in hand, 

And the stranger went to his own host ; 
Oscur strode forth bravely and stoutly, 
On the plain before the Fians. 

Some of us were merry and humorous, 
And others looked sullen in their countenance ; 
Till the rising of the sun on the morrow, 
When the foe mustered around us powerfully. 

Oscur went forth in battle armour, 

And he took his arms and shield in his hand, 

He went onwards to meet 

Angry Meargach, the lion of bravery. 

The two attacked each other on the s'econd day, 
In the morning with fierce blows, 
Cleaving and wounding each the other, 
And 'twas not long till the Fians shouted. 

" t)o ftU5 At) rt)ACAri) ATt bA|* i)o ibeAftAib, 
Co ft)r) r6 5iv)f% orAn" A'r bc|ceAc, 
le truAiti) a 50CA bo cnjceAb ija rpe-AftcA, 
Oo cuaIa at) cfuiioge e A'r cujti iKfteAtjt) sejnj Ar." 

The giant seiz'd my hand with gludden'd soul, 
Then louder roar'd than mightiest thunder's roll ; 
Ileaven's high cope trembled at his bellowing shout, 
The round world heard, and hell's black depths cried out. 

.S. Hayes's Translation. 



104 
P- CfteAb At; pAc Aft 5&ift ai; ¥b]&V9, 

* Oirty 5TW A]cmr &"itj«j ; 

i;a beAftn;Ab, Afccfrt;, bo |Uv|8, 

O. Njott 5A]fi ri)AO|6ce, <v Pb&cjtAjc i;ua& ! 

bo C05 At; "pbl^pt) at; cjtac ub ; 
acc 5A^|i CAo;i;ce a'f cft&ibceAcc, 
5A||t soIaio a'|* 5A||t cutt;a6 ! 

P. CfteAb £AC A]t cAoit;eAbAtt at; "pbl^tW* 

If pAbA Ifort; 50 t;occaj]i pAc, 
jp coprbujl rrjA-|i leAt;Ap bo Iao], 

50 TtAlb OfCUTt A IjOT) C|tU<\b-CAJp 

O. 'Dob' e- pAc po'ft 5&jtt aa 'pblATH;, 

a PbAc^iATC t)A cl&ijte 50 beATtb; 

at; cjteAp befit; C115 2t)eA|i5AC t;a Iaoi;, 

b'pA5 Opcujt 50 pAT)T; pAO| caIatt; ! 

21t; cat; bo corjAjtCTTtAft Opcuft Aft Iatt, 

bO f-AOllcAT^ATl A'f CAC 50 flAT,b 5AT) AflAtt;, 2 

acc trjoft b-pAbA bo'i; Iaoc cttobA, 
at; cat; b'effii5 beo t;a feApArr; ! 

21 Of*cu|ft, Ajt "pfOTji; t;a b-'p|Ai;i), 

T)] pACAp }\\&Tf) bO COJtp A|l lAft; 

Att ujft caItt;at; 5m* ai;|u, 

A5 aot; 5A]t;5|6eAC bA but jibe Iatt;. 

)y beATtb lfon;fA A|i 2J)eAft5AC t;a Iat;i;, 
50 n;-biA8 Of*cujt 50 pAt;i; jat; ppAp; 
Ajuf at; ciifb ejle bo'1; )~l;f<\i;i;, 
acc cuf a A5111* 2lo8 Bca3 ATbAfi;. 

1 2l)|l|r bo rscol, sweet thy tale. The saint here indicates to Oisin that 
he was well pleased with his narrative ; and urged him to proceed, for it 
is to be supposed that Oisin grew silent for a time, thinking mournfully 
of the great achievements he had witnessed of old. 



135 

P. Why is it that the Fians shouted, 

pleasant Oisin relate to me ; 

Do not forget, I implore, thy narration, 

Delightful is thy account of it [to me]. 

[arrived ! 

0. Twas not a shout of exultation, Patrick, recently 

That the Fenians raised at that time, 

But a shout of sorrow and misery, 

A shout of lamentations and [deep] woe ! 

P. Why is it that the Fenians wailed? 

1 long to hear thee reveal the cause ; 
'Tis likely as thy lay goeth on, 
That Oscur was in a perilous position. 

0. This was why the Fenians wailed, 
Patrick, of the clerics, truly ; 
The third blow given by Meargach of the blades, 
Left Oscur weak upon the ground. 

When we beheld Oscur down, 

We and the rest supposed him dead ; 
But 'twas not long till the valorous hero 
Arose alive and stood up. 

Oscur, saith Fionn of the Fians, 
Thy body was never seen laid 

On the clay of the earth till to-day, 
By any hero however mighty his hand. 

1 verily believe, saith Meargach of the blades, 
That Oscur will be feeble without delay, 
And the rest of tke Fians, 

But thou and Aodh Beag only. 

» 3ai) ai)Ati), literally without spirit, meaning that he was a lifeless 
Torpse. 



130 

O. ( Dub-fU\r) ija "pe]r)i)e jhVzjac, 

a 2t)beAji5A|3 cpuA]8 tia t^Ia] 4 Ut;t?; 

o beAp3Ab Ijorp A]t bo copp, 

i;j b-eA5Al bo'r> "pblAtTt;. bo ceAtiti. 

Cii|rbi;]8, a 0]*cu|]t, Aft CotiAt) tdaoI, 
bo cu]c]rr* bo'r; "pblArjt? 5u|t b]c ; 

CU]tbT)]b Aft 5AC CAC CpilA]6, 

bo feA|-rbui5i|* bo fliiA^o pblDU- 

<Do |*pjieA5 CoitAi; Of-cup aj-zj, 

a']* cu5 AjA|b 50 bAtjA A|i *2t)beA]t3Ac cpeAtj; 

V] pACA8 ]*6f*, A PbAC|lA1C ! 

cac bob' freApp ]b]p bjp Iaoc. 
<t)ob' 6 |*iib At) cac bA 6p\T), 

A PflAC]lA]C ! T)A 5"Cl|A|l 5At) 30 j 
CAC 5AT) fO|*A8, CAC 5A1J Pv\]]lC, 

cac 5AI) t-caoiia a tj^Ajtb sleo. 

<t)o b| at) bjf bob' A]li;e ctjeA]*, 

Ofcufi A5uf 2t)eA|t5Ac a beAp rr;e ; 

at) bA]tA lA A|i b-ceAcc TieO]T), 

a']* t)io]t b-Aict;e a 3-clo iia ]*3epT>. 

N] pAjb ball biv 3-coppA]b caoit), 
5Ati |t|At) cpeAcc, ttA 5010 Iatw ; 
o bACAf 1 C]\)t),"^o bovt) C]lACC, 2 
bupirje a't* bo cAc tj]op jpeAyt). 

21 OfcujTt! cu]rbt)]b jujt Icb' lAftf), 

bO CU]C 3|tllA5AC At) 4311] t) 0|]t j 3 

rt)A cuttcAp le 2t)eA]t3Ac Ap 3-cul CU. 

11] A]ctt]b bu]i)tj cu, A]t "pjoi)ti pa b-pblAt;f). 

i tUcAr. This is the name by which the crown of the head is known ; 
and it is generally believed that talented men lose the hair off this part 
of their head at an early age. The celebrated poet Carolan is represented 
as a lnld-patcd man in a print prefixed to Hardiman's Irish Minstrelsy. 



107 

0. The Fenians completely defy thee, 

Stern Meargach of the green blades ; 

As I have reddened thy bcdy, 

The Fians need not dread thy power. 

Remember Oscur, saith Conan Maol, 
Thy fall to the Fians will be a loss ; 
Remember every hard battle 
Thou sustained for the hosts of Fionn. 

Conan roused the noble Oscur, 

And lie boldly faced the powerful Meargach ; 

I have never yet seen, Patrick, 

A better fought battle between two heroes. 

That was the battle that was severe, 

Patrick ! of the clerics, without doubt ; 
Abattle without cessation, a battle without partiality, 
A battle without intermission in fierce conflict. 

The two were of the fairest feature, 
Oscur and Meargach I say ; 

On the second day on the approach of evening, [ed. 
That their form or appearance couldnotbe distinguish- 
There was not a spot of their smooth bodies 
Without trace of scars and wounds of blades, 
From the top of their heads to the sole of their feet, 
To us and the rest it was not pleasant. 

Oscur ! remember it was by thy hand, 
The wizard of Dunore fell ; 
If by Meargach thou art vanquished, 
We recognise thee not, saith Fionn of the Fians. 

2 Cttixcc. or boiji) cn&cc, used poetically for cnojs, the foot; however, 
bot)t) cfiacc, or boot) cfiojs, means the sole of the foot. 

3 t>iit) 6m, i.e., the fortress of gold. There are three localities in Ire- 
land bearing this name— one of which (Dunore) is situated in the county 



138 

O. Nac cuprjp) leAC 311ft ceApo bo b], 
Mo|i't;fA6 plAtjtjbA ai) <Dup) 0] pi, 
o i)ac Tj-Aict)i5ceAp l)pp bo srjup;, 
clojrjceAp Ijrjp 5AC cjiac bo slop. 

Hac cu|ri)it) leAc cap &]y Ap Ap^, 

5up leAc bo cu|c "Ca^Ic rtxxc "Cpeop) ? 
A V S^c 5Aif5]8eAC a'p cp^Ap fluA3, 
bo CU5 a cuAp' Ap Af) b-pb^iP)* 

Ba 8eApb \\x)\) ufle, ati pblArjp, 
t)Ap b-pAbA o'tj t)-b]p Ap C-6A5 ; 
bA £eApp 5up b'AOibfrjt) bujr;i), 
Ap b-cu|C|rt) 5AI) liic bo'p peAp cp§Ap. 

C|A Cupr Ap CAlATT) AT) IaOC, 

a 5-cpeACApb 6A3A bAp l]r>t> ; 

b'6ip5|6 50 caIoia rtieAp Apip, 

a'j* bubAjpc, |f b]c po bo'p pb6]pp. 

<Do h] ad ve6|t) a b-po3uf bupir>, 

a'p bo cui3eA8 bo'r) "Fb&lOT) a'p bo cAc ; 
50 njo cu|be A1) b|f Iaoc, 
bo P5up o'p P5leo 30 Ia. 

<t)o UbAjp T^otip pip PA pip CAlrtIA, 
a'p bubA|pc 511P rr)A|f*e bojb ApAop; 
pcAorjA o'i) 5-CAc bo co|l A cejle, 
50 rj-eiP5|6 5p6pr>e a rrjApAC lAe. 

21 bubAppc 2t)eAp3AC pa P5Up Utip, 
IT ct*ibe p|r>, a pblOP tt)jc CuriiAill, 
a'p v)0]x cAplAjb itjArb Ijort) a i^lejc, 
Iaoc ip cp6|t>e tjeApc a'p luc. 

of Kerry ; the Fort del Or of the Spaniards near Smerwick ; the second 
ia now a castellated rock in the southern shore of Cnpe Clear in Cork ; 
and the third is in the county of Mcath. There is an Ossianic Poem in 
our collection, entitled Qacz]\a &v 2ltj.\ftAit) SPbom, >•«., The Adventures 



130 

0. Dost not tliou remember how powerful was 
Nosniadh, the flower of Dunore ; 
As we recognise not thy countenance, 
Let us always hear thy voice. 

Dost thou not remember after the slaughter, 
That it was by thee Tailc Mac Treoin fell ? 
And each hero and mighty host, 
That made a journey towards the Fians. 

We, the Fenians all, perceived, 

That death was not far from the two ; 
'Twas not long till we were joyful, 
On the feeble fall of the mighty man. 

Though the hero fell to the ground, 

In the spasms of death, as we thought, 
He arose quickly and fiercely again, 
And saith, " this is sad for the Fians." 

The evening was nigh at hand, 
And the Fians and all conceived, 
That it was better the two heroes 
Should cease from the conflict for the night. 

Fionn spoke to the mighty men, 

And said it would be to the renown of the two, 
To give up the battle of one accord, 
Till the rising sun on the morrow. 

Meargach of the green blades said, 

That is but just, Fionn Mac Cumhaill ; 
And I never yet encountered in battle, 
A hero mightier in strength and vigour. 

of the Big Fool, or Simpleton ; in which reference is made to 3ftu.V5Ac 
of fcbuij At) 6m, which may refer to either locality. This poem will 
appear in our Transactions at some future period. 



140 

O. O t)OCC A1T)AC, A 2t)beAft5A15 C|tUAl8 r 

cuift]rt) fuAf* 6u|Cfe, a']* b'^bio^r); 
&o lo 1)5 b'o]8ce, A5iif 50 bjiAc, 
1)6 5ujt bAf bo ceAccAjt 8u|i)t). 

<t)o f3u|]t At) &if beA-5-lAoc ox) ijjleo, 
at) o^bce \]\y j\\ bA cjx&accac cit>t); 
a 5-coiftp, a b-pe6|l, a']* a 3-et)Ati)A, 
5AI) b|ti3, 3AI) blA8, 5A1? re^rr). 

2ifl 1)A tT)AftAC A|l Atf)AJlC lAe, 

b'|oi)i)f a]5 a ce|le At) &ir 50 b]M) ', 
bA caIh)a rjeAjtc a']* 51)1011) lArrjA, 
Aji caIatti bA b-cAjr)i5 |t|Ati?. 

'Dob' JAb fUb, A PbACItA^C, A1) t>| |*, 

bA 5A]|ibe, a'i 4 bA c]te|i)e a i)5leo ; 
Yll* peA^i bo cu]peA8 AjxeAc 50 ci)Aii), 
Iai)1) b'A Ia]!!) 1 bA b-^ACAb frof. 

N] frACAf p6|* b^f n)Afi ]Ab, 

a i)eA]tc, a TIJA1), i;a b-cjteAi) luc; 
a 5-caIii)acc, a ti)|jte, a'j* a n)|fi)eAc, 
a'|* a t)-in)|jic aji rt)eAt)tT)A]i), bAji l]Ort). 

ft] pACAb A f An)U|l |*Ub AJtAOl), 

A5 fulAt)5 C|ioiT)-bein)eAi)i) cjuia]8; 
A5 5eAftftA8 peolA, a'|* crjeAf cAort), 

A5 fCAf All) 5AI) pleA8, 5AT) |'U At). 

21 b-cfie|fe, 2 a b-cji6|t)e, 'fA luc, 
5AI) ce^jtce a b-poi)t) 'i)A Tjfc>C\|l ; 
bo bj Ai) bjf 5AI) f5u|t o'i) i)5t)]Oii), 
bo lo 1)6 b'o|8cc A]jt peA8 bejc U. 

1 lAtjrj b'A lik»b. « sword off their hands. Specimens of the swords used 
by the ancient Irish can be seen in the hall of the Mansion-house, 



141 

0. From this night forth, stem Meargach, 
I will not by thee nor by Fionn ; 
Neither by night nor by day, nor for ever, 
Until either of us is dead. 

The two brave heroes relinquished the battle 
For that night, and sorely wounded, 
Were their bodies, flesh and bone, 
Without vigor, without fame, without force. 

On the morning of the morrow, 
The two encountered each other fiercely ; 
They were the strongest and mightiest of arm, 
That ever came on earth. 

These, Patrick, were twain, 

The roughest and mightiest in battle ; 
The most skilful to strike unto the bone, 
A lance off their hand, that I have seen yet. 

Two like them have not yet been seen, 

In strength, in pursuit, or in robust agility ; 
In prowess, in swiftness, and in courage, 
And in feats of dexterity I apprehend. 

I have not seen the like of the two, 
In enduring heavy severe blows ; 
In cleaving flesh, and soft skin, 
Or in enduring without food or repose. 

In might, in strength, and in agility, 
Without want of feats or deeds ; 
The two gave not up the action, 
For day or night during ten days. 

Dawson- street, Dublin, which no man of the present day could wield 
with one arm. 

2 In other copies a o-cneArAib. 



142 

O. 21 2t)beAft5Ai5 cp.uAi.8 t>a Iat)I) t^Iat/, 
aji Orxujt, 50 ce<\r>r> orAfib ; 
IX >t?6|t At) i)A|pe 8ti|r)t} AjtAOi}, 
£*o rA'tj 5leo a^ji aji Iat^a. 

2t). 21 OfCU]]t ! if cu Af cjiuAib Iattj, 
b'Ajt iTT>T|i Art) corbSAjl watt); 
bo cu]C]td l]ort) iy h cjtjoc 
atx 2t)eAft5^c, a'|* bo Ijoii t;a b-pblArji?. 

O. M] \)-h XX)0 C\Y\OC T)A CTVJOC T)A b-*pbl^TJT), 

a 2t)beAjt5Ai5 6]titA-|8 tta ttsIaj* Iatitt ; 
cujcjn) rtiATt luAbA||t leb' Iattt), 
A]t Ofcujt t)a itA^bce CeATTT). 

<Do 5IAC Of*CUfl TJA lAT)r> T)3&A|t, 

rtjeArjrtjuii), c]A 311ft Baoc a frjuAb ; 

trjojt b-fAbA 50 T)-bubA]|tc cati ej^, 

At? ceAT)t) slop 2t)eA]t5<\c, bA rbAfc f uaij. 

B|AT,8 Ctl AJt bjc bf8 T)A fUA]t), 

a 2t)beA|t5A]5 cjuiat.8 ! Ajt Ofcujt A13 ; 

i;6 51171 bujc ati bjc c\r)t), 

t)6 8att)t/a, rrjAfi rbu|3f|t, Aft Iaji. 

Mjop b-^AbA 8u]i)r> CAob aji cAob, 
A5 ^eiceAii) aY A5 ejt/ceACc lco; 
30 |*<Mb 2t)eA|t5AC Aft cul r3efce, 
A5 Ot/cuft tja nj-b&fTDCATjT) 3-cfuiA]8. 

Nj b-frUAJJl f*3JC T^iV fOfA8 6 Of*CUft, 

ACC 5AC bfrfTT} CO|l5 b<\ IcAJAb 30 CCAt)1), 
A b-£0|ftCCAr)t) AT) COTr,|tAfC CftUAf8, 

bo 2t)beA|t3<\c, 511ft buAfi) a ccai;i; ! 



143 

0. stern Meargach of the green blades, 
Saith Oscur, stoutly and aloud, 
Great is the shame to us both, 
That the conflict is on our hands so long. 

M. Oscur ! 'tis thou that hast the hardiest hand, 
That ever played with me ; 
Thy fall by me w^ll be the end, 
Saith Meargach, and the end of all the Fians. 

0. It is not my end, nor the end uf the Fians, 
stern Meargach of the green blades, 
To fall, as thou sayest, by thy hand, 
Saith Oscur of the stern words. 

Oscur of the sharp blades assumed 

Courage, though weak was his appearance ; [said, 
It was not long afterwards till the boastful Meargach 
It would be well if we took repose. 

Thou shalt not take food or repose, 
stern Meargach ! saith noble Oscur, 
Until thou art beheaded, 
Or that I, as thou boastest, shall have fallen. 

Not long were we on both sides, 
Ministering and listening to them ; 
Till Meargach was behind his shield, 
Prepared for Oscur of the severe blows. 

Oscur did not give him rest or quarter, 
But severely dealt each fierce blow ; 
At the close of the severe combat, 
Of Meargach he cut his head. 



144 

O. <Do c63b<ut)A|ttt>e, at) fbl^O* 3&1I» ib»l&1»W 
a'|* cac 3&ift CAointe 50 cn»A|8; 
a bubAijtc thac 2t)beA|t3Ai5 1)A lAi)rt, 

C|5eA& f 6A|t Art) COrt)bAll UA^b ? 

'Cb&ltJIS i)A coii)3rr)ib, a't* rtA corbbAil, 
l.oi)5AbAi; rrjAC BnuAi&irt i)A T)-eAc; 
A-jnirt) rt>ic 2t)beAn5<\|5 i)A Iai;u, 
C|AnbAt) bob' t:65a41ac a b-tneAf. 

Sul yd b-cu5Art) cfcf3 at) caca, 2 
Ofcujt b<v cnuA5 5AT) curi a ruin) ; 
bo b] ljot)CA bo cneAccA]b Abbal, 
o 2t)beAn5AC cno&A t)a 5-cnu<\8 ^\oxr). 

Ku5Art)ATl Art lAOC CaItT)A, 

o Art)Aric t)a b-peAfi n)on-cneAT), 3 
a't* b'jAnri ce<vb An *pblot)T) A|t b-cuj*, 
bul bo corbnAC tr)ic 2t)beA]t5Ai5 £&|t). 

Njoft Aoncu|3 7*101)0 bo't) Iaoc caj&, 
bul bo corbnAC le CjAnbAt) itjeAn ; 
bo cujjteAb lei^eAt* ne a cneAbAib, 

V IT S^PI 1 5° ,n0 b0 1^15 bu l"» *V f*eAn. 

1 To show how various copies of the poem differ ; as indeed do all our 
Ossianic and other compositions, when transcribed by illiterate scribes, 
we quote the following stanzas from Mr. O'Grady's copy, which was 
written in 1845, by an intelligent blacksmith, named Griffin, in Kilrush, 
county of Clare : — 

" &ri cuiqro &o 2f)beAri5AC re-Ant), 
bA bonb F05AUAC A b-ciif 5IC0 ; 
a BubAinc a h;ac le slop flAfi sneAnn, 
c|5eAc Ai)0 VCAn Art) c6|ft." 

Upon the fall of stout Meargach, 

Who was fierce and destructive in the beginning of battle ; 
His son said in an unpleasant tone, 
Let a man meet me here. 



145 

0. We, the Fenians, raised a shout of triumph, 
And the foe a bitter Avail ; 
The son of Meargach of the spears said, 
Let a man from among you come to meet me ? 

There came in his presence to face him, 

Longadan, the son of Brodin, of the steeds ; 

The name of the son of Mearg-ach of the swords, 

[Was] Ciardan, the avenger in battles. 

Before I render an account of the battle,* 
Pity that Oscur should not be immortalized, 
He was covered with huge wounds, 
By heroic Meargach of the hard deeds. 

We brought the magnanimous hero [with us], 
From the sight of the great mighty men ; 
And he asketh leave of Fionn first 
To go fight Meargach's son. 

Fionn would not consent that the noble hero, 
Should go to fight Ciardan the swift ; 
Healing medicine was applied to his wounds, 
And soon to us it was sad. 

2 Again : — 

" Sul A b-CUJAb CUATVAtSbM At) CArA, 
OfCUtl bA CfUJAJ; 5AI) A CUfl A \U]M) ; 

bo bj ceiTjtj cficACtAC jtaiw, 

5AIJ CApA 5AI) It)CAbA|fl 5AIJ lUJC !" 

* Before I relate the account of the battle, 
Pity that Oscur would not be noticed ; 
He was sick, wounded, and weak, 
Without agility, without sense, without strength ! 



* Again : — 



" So cneArbA 6 Ati)Aftc c'ac." 
Mildly from the gaze of the rest 
10 



146 

O. 21'; cai; b'jJAjbAroAji aji Iaoc, 

|*]ijce 50 pAoi; ah leAbA fiiA|i; ; 
a'j* luce pueAfbAil 1 i;a cdtr)8'<\]l, 
cAi^AtoAjt bo I AC A} ft at; caca Iua8a|*. 

'D'joijf'Ais C|A]t&Ai) 50 CAlfTJA, 
A3»j* LcijjAb&i) bA 3A]tb 3I068; 
a']' iVjoji b-pAbA b6]b a r^lejc, 
ai; cai; cu|]teA8 ti;AC B|iuAjbji; A|i peSj! 2 

^o cu]c, a PbC\cjtA|C, b'Ajt b-"pl;ep;i;, 
le CiA]ib(\i), a i)-AOi;A]i, Ai)coAblA; 
be]cucAbAn a']* ccvAb b'£eAfiA-|b c(iuA]8 
bA bA|cuib bu|i;i) itAp;i; Ajt rr)-biAc, 3 

<t)o cujc len* At) bA|lA IA, 

5AI) bOAjl^Ab AH A C1)C]|* CAOirb; 
bA CCAb (-'CA11 bA CAllt)A It'tC, 

a PI;Ac|iajc ! bA 8ubAC At; c'e\\r>. 

2ii; CAt; bo coi;Ainc 5°^ tV^c 21)6|u;a, 
CjAjibAi; A5 qonbAb i;a |*Iua3 ; 
bo sluAif pep; i;a corbbAjl, 
&y i)l oji b-^AbA ah l&n 50 b-puAHt. 

Jau b-opcitt; bo CbiAubAt; ne 5oll, 
bo 5A||t, bo slAirt), a'j- bo cAop; cac; 
bo 3^nt lo UicjjApi ai; } r l;iAt;i;, 
31 b' t)Afi f-AOfi lAb 6 bion)bAb. 

Taji;^ bcAitbftACAijt bo Cl;|A]tbAt;, 
b'Ait bA corb-Ait;in; I.IA3A1; n)CAit ; 
bA 6|i6bA caUpa § tt)Ait Iaoc, 
Af Ait freAbAf da )-ep;i;c- b'j^Apt cac. 4 

1 Luce FtteAr&A|li i.e., attendants, or persons to wait upon him, nurses. 

2 P066, or roocAft, to fade, wither, or decay. 

3 bL\r, flower ; \>y which the poet indicates that the flower of the 
Fenian army were slain in the engagement. 



147 

0. When wo left our hero, 

Feebly laid upon n bed of repose, 

And attendants with him, 

We made towards the battle I announced. 

Ciardan encountered stoutly, 

With Longadan the tough in battle, 

Nor long were they in the conflict, 

When the son of Brodin was put to death ! 

There fell, Patrick, of our Fians, 
By Ciardan alone, on the first day, 
One hundred and ten of hardy men, 
Sad to us was the loss of the flower [of our hosts]. 

There fell by him on the second day, 

Without his smooth skin being- reddened, 
Two hundred men with sinews strong, 
Patrick ! sorrowful was the deed. 

When Goll Mac Morna beheld 
Ciardan sweeping away the hosts, 
He himself went forth to meet him, 
And 'twas not long till he laid him low. 

On the fall of Ciardan by Goll, 

He shrieked and yelled, and his friends wailed ; 
The Fenians shouted with gladness, 
Though they were not free from sorrow. 

A brother of Ciardan arrived, 

Whose name was Liagan the active ; 

He was a hero valorous and stout, 

And the bravest of the Fi?.ns he challenged. 

« 0'f05Aitt cac, he proclaimed battle, i.e., lie challenged the best among 
the Fians to combat. 



143 

C&|fijt) rt)AC I-U5A18 b<\ 8|At) lAti), 

i)ioji b-pAbA 66|b A5 |*]ub<xl, 

t)UAjjt bj Ce]]t]t) n)AC L115A18 Aft lAft. 

1^11)15 jreAti qle bo'n pbl^ijij, 

b'&fi b'^jijitt) 2t)<v5i)u|* itjac LobAft&it), 
bo cuic y.e\\) a'|* ceAb bo't) b-"p6jt)r), 

le V]A5AT) C|t68A All AOt)AflAI). 

( Do 5luA]|* Cot)At) r)A|l 8|At) A 5-CAC, 1 
a']' 1)A]t TA^fl cA]l 5^11-36 1)A 5i)in); 
a 5-corb8A]l L1A5A1P, A|t ceAcb bo lArAjjt, 
1Y bAOC bo cuA^ftb a £ijt n)AO]l ! 

JA|i b-ceAcc bo Cboi)At) a b-fx^uf bo, 
bo C05 L]A5<m; 50 c]i68a a lA^ri), 
]f* cfiei^e oftc Ar> peA|t aji bo cu\, 
r)iv rt)]fe jtorbAb, aji Cot);\t). 

'D'peAC L|A5Ai) cvi68a t)A 8^5, 

a'|* b(V CApA At) lAJlftACC, A5 Cot)At) j 

At; ceAtjtj 5Uft T3 A ^ ° 0* rt)tqi)eAl ! 

M|Ofi feA|*Ajri? Cot)Ai) At) bAll, 

a']* t)jofi ]A|i|t peAji a ceAcc a 0-ajc; 

bo sluA^i* bo c6]]i ]teACA ^ao] '13 b-"pjAi)t), 

A' |* bO CAJC A lAt)t) Of A lAltT). 

<t)'p|Ap|AA|8 *pAol<U) bo't) b-jreAjt Tt)A0l, 
C|t6Ab p<\C 1)A]l feApi)A|8 At) bAll, 

731111 n A] fie ac At) 5i)]ott) bo mt)t), 

A'f JUft lo CCAI5 Ctt]t LjA^At) Al)l). 

1 t!;\n 6].vt) a 5-CAC, not powerful in battle. In this stanza Conan is 
represented as the greatest of cowards. He never sought praise for any feat 
lie performed, and very justly, because he did nothing to boast of, having 
exhibited the most glaring acts of cowardice on every occasion. On this 



140 

0. There arrived in his company, 

Ceirin, the son of Lughaidh, of the vehement hand ; 

Not long- were they engaged, 

When Ceirin the son of Lughaidh fell. 

Another of the Fianna arrived, 

Whose name was Magnus Mac Lobharain ; 
He with one hundred of our men fell 
By Liagan the heroic alone. 

Conan, never potent in battle, 
And who never sought fame for valour or deeds, 
Went to meet Liagan, who when he came in his pre- 
sence, 
Said, " silly is thy visit, thou bald man !" 

When Conan came nigh to him, 
Liagan fiercely raised his hand ; 
More dangerous for thee is the man behind, 
Than I before thee, saith Conan. 

Liagan the heroic looked behind, 

And quick was the blow made by Conan ; 

Before he could look forward, 

His head was severed from the neck ! 

Conan did not maintain his ground, 
Nor did he ask any to take his place ; 
He ran with all haste towards the Fians, 
And flunjy his blade from his hand. 

Faolan enquireth of the bald man, 
Why he did not maintain his ground ; 
That he was guilty of a shameful act, 
And that 'twas by treachery Liagan fell. 

occasion, however, lie was cunning enough to alarm his antagonist Liagan, 
falsely telling him of an attack from the rear ; and thus avail himself 
of the opportunity, whilst he looked backwards, to cut off his head. 



150 

O. <Da b-c|3eA8 l|0!t)fA le I)-A0t)b6in), 

At) fluA5 erteAt) bo cti|i curr) b&]|* ; 
le ceil3, v']0]i t)Ajt Ijott) at) beAjic, 
a> dj b-pA5&A0ir fOf5 Arr>e<\f5 tjA b-F|Ai)i). 

)rt)C]5, Ajt *pAoU\i), ofATib, 

a'p 3IAC Ab lAjrr) &o Iat)1) A|tjp; 

Af ].*65Aijt cac caItda C|i68a, 

ati £eAjt 8o't) c-flo5 rrj&f A] I, t}0 A[i 8j|\ 

M] 5eAbAfe bo corbAijile, aji Cot)At), 
3)8 b'e Ajuib le'|i t)Afi rt)0 ^\f\o\v ; 
£65fiA8 ^ejT) cac a't* cotv\x<\c, 
a^i T-eATt t)o 80 bo'i) c-flttA3-bu|8|ij« 

T3fi|All Art) 8A]l|-o, att "pAolAi), 

a'|- coj;5bAi8 lAri) Ijort) ai)T)|« a t)31|a8; 
tda't- cu|citi) 8att) lev ce cioctAf, 
SAitttt) cu5Ab peAjt bo't; fl^AT)!). 

W] TtACAb ATT) AOT)A1l AT)I), 

T)A pop Ab bAlll'l, ATI AT) T^eATt TT)AC1 ; 
bA TT)0 CUJCJTT) bATT)f*A A pl)AoU\J ', 
1)]0]l b'c ATT) bATT) be|c A3 5IA08AC ! 

T^A|!t TT)A|l v'SOt) IpTTj A f*JTt HjAO]l, 

a'j* cAbA||i leAC ATt^f bo Iatii) ; 

1)A t:AT) ATT) t*OCA1ft TT)A|' A]l leAC, 

kiAt* eA3Al leAC cAc bob' ceAi)i) ! 

r t>0 CftJAll "pAolAl) a't* AT) {.'OAfl TT)Aol, 
30 TtAl)3AbAlt A |U\Ot) COJ- A|l CO]]'; 
Al) A]C 't)A 1lA|b i|A3Al) A|l lAft, 

a ) : HaoIAji) ! A|t ConAi), bj Ab copb ? 



151 

0. It" I could by one blow 

Put the mighty host to death, 

By artifice, I would not blush at the deed, 

And they would not be sheltered by the Fians. 

Go, saith Faolan, loudly, 

And take thy sword in thy hand again, 
And proclaim battle fiercely and heroically, 
To one of the host if they will, or to two. 

I shall not take thy advice, saith Conan, 
Whoever of you is ashamed of my act, 
Let himself proclaim battle and fight, 
Against one or two of the host. 

Approach with me, saith Faolan, 

And give me a helping hand in the battle ; 
If I fall by him that comes, 
Call to thy aid one of the Fians. 

1 shall neither go there alone, 

Nor yet with thee, saith the bald man ; 

Were I to fall, O Faolan, 

Then it would be too late for me to call ! 

Come along with me, bald man, 
And bring with thee again thy sword ; 
Stay not with me if thou likest, 
If thou art afraid of losing thy head. 

Faolan and the bald man proceeded, 
Till they both reached step by step, 
The place where Liagan lay, 
Faolan ! saith Conan, be silent ? 



152 

O. <£>0 C65 AT) £eAfl TT)Aol A Iaijt), 

a't* bo Tqc 50 ceAT)t) pAO] AT) b-pfciijij; 
& po5A|ri T^aoIaij at) cac 50 b-ajtb, 
ATI peAbAf T*lo5 cac a 5-c6]tT)-5le]c. 

<Do cAitii5 5° b-&Af3A 't;a c6tt)6A|1, 
lAOC VOTl|tAT)CA bA 5Ajxb 5I0T1 ; 
^Aol-ClAb 1 bO 5t)A]C A AIDITT), 
a't* A IaT)T) 'fA* T^IAC t)A 8eAT> lA]Tf>. 

Njoji b-pA&A bo'i; &jf a b-cjtojb t)A Iaiiu, 

50 b-pACATT)A|l, a't* bA 3JieAT)T) Tie cAc ; 
^AolAT) cllfbe, ATI T)3A]tb Iaoc, 

ati cul T^ejce A5 C)Aolc|Ab Att>. 

*Do C05bA&ATl CAC 3<X]tCA 3Tt1,r)T>, 

ce']t 8o]l]5 A 3" CA0 J CTie b&f l.^ A3 at, 11 ; 

bO cd5bATT)A]TlT)e 3ATICA 50|l 

cjie cftei3iOT) a TtejTic bo pb^olAi) ! 

'Do CHAINS OfCUTl ATI IJ-UAjll ^AjTl, 

ati A leAbA rrjATi a liAi,b 50 £AT)i) ; 

CA AT) CAC CO|CCeAT)T) Afl pO, 

A'f/ t)j be|& T>eAC bo'l) "pl)0|t)t) JtOrT>AtT) j:ao| ceAtjt?. 

M|0|t b-pAbA 50 b-frACATTJATt A5 CeACC, 
Ai) Iaoc rtreATi caIttja Afi cjioai; luc ; 
i)|0]t b-peAf bup)r) 311T1 Ab e bj atit;, 
311T1 beAtujuis 30 ceAijtjfA b"pi)joi;i). 

'Do f-AO|l TT)C, A yb]V1) } - Aft T*C, 

Ati cat) cuaIa|8 At) 3*\jft bobjtoji); 
t)Ac iiA]b Iaoc ot-3ati8a A|t At) 3-ct)oc > 
a't- biqt)e A3u]b T)A TtAjb bed! 

1 i.e., Tlic dark-haired, 



153 

0. The bald man raised his sword 

And ran quickly towards the Fians ; 

Faolau loudly proclaimed battle 

To the bravest of the foe single-handed. 

There came quickly to meet him, 
A valiant hero with bombastic talk, 
Daolchiabh was his usual name, 
And his shield and spear were in his right nand. 

The two were not long fighting with their swords 
Till we saw, and to our foes it was a cause of joy, 
Faolan the active, our brave hero, 
Behind his shield by noble Daolchiabh. 

They [the enemy] raised a shout of joy, 

Though sorrowful they wept at the death of Liagan ; 

We raised a shout of wailing 

For the failure of his strength by Faolan ! 

Oscur heard our loud shout 

In his bed where he was feebly laid ; 

The battle is general, saith he, 

Before I arrive the Fians will be all beheaded ! 

It was not long till we saw approaching, 
The stout swift hero in full speed ; 
We knew not that 'twas he was there 
Till he courteously saluted Fionn. 

I imagined, Fionn ! saith he, 
When I heard the sorrowful wail, 
That there was not a brave hero left on the hill, 
And that not one of you was left alive ! 



154 

O. l Do bj "pAol&n a'p <t)AolciAb, 

a t)5leo A5uj* a 3-corbHAC c|tuA]8 ; 
A5 5eA|t|tA6 peolA, conp, a'j* ci)Ari?, 

A T)-ATT)A]tC AftAOt) bA CUUAT; ! 

<D']Ajin y : ]Ot)r) A]t At) Iaoc CAlr^A, 
OfCUJt A]5eAt)CA If e lllAfeAlTt}, 

bul Anjf cAjt A|f bo'i) biiij, 

a'i* 5At; pufneac po luc At? sled. 

Nf JtACAb CArt TTj'a]]*, A fh]VV CA]& ! 

A|t Opcuji t?ah cIajc a t)5l]Ab ; 

vo 50 b-pAfCjreAb qA aco bo't) bfp, 

bo cu]cpeA|* f At? t>3T)iori) le b-^^5* 

<Do bj pAol&i) bA cuaoca8 50 rt)6n, 
A3 <t)Aolc|Ab 50 ch68a, ceAT)t) ; 

A fbAoUlU ! Aft OfCUfl t)A lAT)1) t^eAft, 

cu i\i]Z]rt) le <DaoI Ijoto rjfon 5|ieAtjr). 

<D'|:eAC 'pAolAI), a']* bA CnttAfS A CAf, 

Aft Ofcufi le b|ort)bAo ft)A 5>)uin 
a frlAic i)A Iaoc caIttja, aji ]*e, 
rtjA cufcfn) 13 a c|ief3 tijo cu|f. 

2t)C\'f cti|qn) biqc le c t)AolcfAb 

A "pbA0lA|1) ! CfA bjAI) A tftOtt) flo^ \ 
CUfCpeAbf A A3Uf flll^3 1)A b-"p]AT)l), 

1)6 ciqcffb ^AolcfAb Ab beof^. 

CufTt71)|3, A "pbAolAfp ! AH OfCU|l CftPAU, 

3un b'fornbA Iaoc t>o tujc leb' lAfti); 

a'p ijac cufbe 6u|c a tj-Atbajtc ija b-}-|Ai)n, 

3AI) fOAfAiT) le 'DaoIcjaV) a t)-bA|l. 



0. Faolan and Daolchiabh were 
In battle and hard conflict ; 
Cleaving flesh, body and bones, 
To see them both was pitiful ! 

Fionn asked the chivalrous hero, 
Oscur the magnanimous, I mean, 
To go back again to the Dun, 
And not to remain under the excitement of the fight. 

I shall not return, noble Fionn ! 
Saith Oscur who was not feeble in battle, 
Until I see which of the two it is 
That will fall in the action. 

Faolan was greatly overpowered 

By Daolchiadh the valiant and stout ; 

Faolan ! saith Oscur, of the sharp blades, 

Thy fall by Daol would not be pleasant to me. 

Faolan gazed, and perilous was his position, 
On Oscur, with grief in his countenance, 
prince of heroes brave, saith he, 
If I fall, forsake not my cause. 

If thou fallest by Daolchiabh, 

Faolan ! though fierce his great hosts, 
The Fenian hosts and I shall fall, 
Or Daolchiabh shall fall after thee. 

Remember, Faolan ! saith the valiant Oscur, 
That many a hero fell by thy hand, 
And that it ill becomes thee before the Fians 
If thou stand not with Daolchiabh hand to hand. 



156 

O. H]0]l b-JTAbA 8uit?T) tt)A]t X]X), 

30 b-pACArr?Afi a'j bVo|b|r)T) ai; f5 &A ^ » 
OAolcjAb A5 'pAolAt) 5A1? ceAr>t), 

A']* bO C05bATT)Afl 5A||t SJtlTJTJ TTJAft b'eA5 I 

21 buba^c Ofcufi bo 311c Ajtb, 
ci5eA6 cac u]le b'AOt) cAOjb ; 
A 'r 5eAbA]b cac cojcceArjo 3Afib, 
5AP rbo|U le peA|i3 fliiA^ce 'pbl'W' 

H] ^5^|tpAbyA Ajl "pAolAT) 1)A lAT)T>, 

50 b-ruicp]8 Ijort) cu]le bo'r) c-floT;; 
len/ Ia]H7 pe]o i?a b-AOtjAfi&r), 
Ti)ut)A 5-cu|tcA|t le cac n)e A|t £eo5 ' 

P. Jwir> A Offitj, A'r V'* cat? bpeA3, 

rtjA'f ri^n> AT > T"blAt)t), bob' ^e&ftfi liic; 
cfieAb t)ac cac co]cceAi)t), ceAtji), 
fuA|fi 2t)eAfi5Ac Y A f^ UA 5 ^T* b-cuj* ? 

O. 21 PbAcftAic ! t)jo]i 5t)&ic \e]y At) b-"pe|i)t), 

5At) jtoZJA 3M A ^ &0 c AbAT|tc bo cC\c ; 
irjoji ]oorbu]i) led ceAl5 t)A rt)eAt)3, 
tjeAC bo'r) bjteAn) t;]ojt b'e c'<\]\. 

Hjojt 8]ulcui5 ai) "pblAW T^ e *)* hw, 

A 3"CAC T)A 5-CO|ri7eAf5U|t C|t6]1) floj, 
CAC CO]CCeA1)t) T)6 A1) AOT)<\|t, 

bo cAbA]|ic bVoi) b'jAjtpAS e. 

P. <Dob' cuAftA|*5b<X]l 30 fqoji leAt), 

30 b-pA3tt)A0|b cfijoci;ii3A8 at) caca c|tuA]8, 

t)6 ati cujc At; v eA l l bojib iib, 

bA 1)50||lCCA|t bo 5UAC Icac "pAol&t)? 



157 

0. Not long were we thus [situated] 

Till we saw, and pleasant was the sight, 

Daolchiabh by Faolan beheaded, 

And we raised for his death a shout of triumph ! 

Oscur saith in a loud voice, 
Let them all come at once, 
And they shall encounter a fierce general battle 
Without delay from the wrathful Fian-host. 

I shall not give up, saith Faolan of the blades, 
Till more of the host shall fall, 
By my own hand in single combat, 
Unless they put me to death. 

P. Kelate, Oisin, and tell no lie, 

If ye, the Fenians, were the most expert, 
Why was it that a determined general battle 
Meargach and his hosts did not encounter at first 1 

0. Patrick ! it was not customary with the Fenians 
Not to give choice of the fight to their foes, 
They cherished not treachery nor malice 
'Twas not the fame of any of the tribe. 

The Fians refused not to give during their time 
Battle or contest of mighty hosts, 
General battle, or single combat, 
To any one who sought it. 

P. Thy narrative follow truly 

Till we find how the hard battle ended, 
Or did that mighty hero fall, 
Whom so often thou calledst Faolan ? 



158 

O. Cap eif* ( t)l)AolcfAb bo cuft curt) b&|f ; 

b'jAftft PaoIai) ceAb Aft 'pbiorji?, 
bul bo cott)ftAC 3AI) cAfftbe Aft bfc, 
le Iaoc efle bo fluAj cajc. 

2iot)CA t)A 'pejwe ai) CAt) piAffi, 
b'^65A||t 50 cfiuAfb cac Aft cac; 
cA]t)j3 Iaoc b'&ft bA cotT)-Ait)frt), 
Cf Ai) rt)AC Lacctja i)A corbb&fl. 

<t)'|Otj|*Ai5 At) b|f beA5-lAoc a cefle, 
30 CfteAt) CAlrt)A cnitAfb ; 
rvjoft b-pAbA 311ft b'AOfbfrjt} buft)t) ; 

A*f CAC 50 bubAC fTAOf lAt)-5|lUA|It). 
Hi CU3 }^AolAt) At) bAflA b&fft), 

cutt) CI)fAfi) tijfc l.ACcr)A t)A 3-CfiuAb Iai)i); 

AI) CAt) bO COt)CAtt)Afl A5 CeACC, 

|t]o^A|r) CAflce bA bfteA^A 5t)uff\ 
l t)o cit|C CfAt) rtjAC Laccija le pAolAt), 

fill fTA b-CA]t)15 At) flfO^D CU3A1DT); 

bo f5u]|i At) 5leo Aft 5AC cAob, 
A5 fe|ceAtT) t)A beA3-ri)t)A iib. 

<Do co5bA6 fte cac 5Ajica caoj, 

Aft AfCt)6 t)A ftf05-tT)t)A bojb, 

bO bj At) *f\)]6.W) 1)A fOfb bA t)"Att)AftC, 

2ljft a ceAt)t) bo bj At) pole 6ftbA, 

A PbACftAfC ! t)f 36 bAtt) A Tt)AOfbCAtT) ; 

t)f f*ACA CllfA t)A bO tobfA, 

A f-ATtJUfl bO Cf Ab Aft AOt) ti)f)AOf. 



159 

0. After putting- Daolchiabh to death, 
Faolan asketh leave of Fionn, 
To go fight without any delay 
Another hero of the host. 

When he obtained the consent of the Fians, 

He vehemently proclaimed battle against the foe; 

A hero, whose name was 

Cian Mac Lachtna, came to meet him. 

The two brave heroes attacked each other, 
Mightily, fiercely, and sternly ; 
'Twas not long till we rejoiced, 
And the foe was sorrowful and gloomy. 

Faolan had hardly dealt the second blow, 
To Cian Mac Lachtna of the hard blades, 
When we beheld approaching 
A fair princess of noble features. 

Cian Mac Lachtna fell by Faolan 
Before the princess arrived ; 
The battle was relinquished on each side, 
Waiting the arrival of that fair lad}^. 

The enemy raised a wail of grief 
On recognising the princess ; 
The Fians were silently gazing at her, 
Whilst she incessantly shed tears! 

On her head were the golden locks, 

Patrick ! it is no falsehood to proclaim, 

Thou nor thy God never saw 

Such hair npon [the head of] any woman. 



160 

O. ( t)'j:|AVit<M*5 \\ bo 5l6|t bA focttjA, 

ca riAib "pi 01 ? 1 )* TM5 T > A b-piAT)!) ; 

1)6 Aft CU]C A Ceile CAOtT), trjeAJt, 

a'] 4 a &]]♦ rrjAC c&'ri £Ab nAb. 
C]A \)-& bo ceile caott7, Aji pioijrj, 

iwir ^'h^ A 'r &0 *Mr wac J 

ttjaY ciqc]tt) b6|b aji cxyoc ai) A]ft, 
bo 5eAbA|ji a b-cA]*5 le brie|c leAC? 

2i]i)]rt) tt)0 ce^le bA rbdjt buAb, 

2t)eA|t5AC criuAfb t)A Iai)1) 1)31 a j* ; 
a'|* ttjo 6)y rt)AC, CiAjtbAi) bA cpeAt), 
A5uf L1A5AI) bo bj ceAi)t) a 3-CAC. 

21 rqO-ZJAII) C<\]&, bo 1lA]6 'piorjrj, 
c|A 50 tt)0 ljOti)CA, CApA, crieAi); 
bo cujceAbAji at) cjtiuji ub luAbAip, 
a 5-CAi fA r)5l]A& bA rbefb a luc. 

<Do r^neAb A^uf bo j^||t at? FI^IO *l5» 
A5U]* bo 5rieAb i)A bAfA 50 lort) criuAJ ; 
bo f|l 50 suipc p|iAfA be6|t, 
A'f bubA||tc, rt)0 bjtot) ! ca b-puil ti)0 crqujt ? 

<t)o ^luAlf AI) T1105A11) CAflce, 

50 b]At) A3 T"5rteAbA jro't) Art ; 
50 ]tSiit)i5 fj 50 beAcc At) A|c, 
irjA riAib a c6]le 'f A b 1T "J* A T* ^T 1 * 

*t)0 C|Ot)6l At) "pblAtJt) A1)Ojri 'yA V]A]X, 

A'f bo qot)6l cac trjAji |Ab 30 clA]C ; 
op 3AC CAob a'|* Arib bo'i) ct)OC, 
A3 e|rreA6c le caoj-juc t)A rr)t)A. 



161 

0. She enquire th in a gentle voice, 

Where was Fionn, the king of the Fians, 
Or did her gentle husband fall, 
And where were her two sons ? 

Who is thy gentle husband, saith Fionn, 
Relate to us, and thy two sons ; 
If they fell on the Hill of Slaughter, 
You will get their history to bring home. 

The name of my husband, whose sway was great, 
[Was] hardy Meargach of the green blades, 
And my two sons were Ciardan the valiant, 
And Liagan, who was stout in battle. 

noble princess, saith Fionn, 
Though accomplished, agile, and mighty, 
The Three thou speakest of fell 
In battle and conflict, though great their agility. 

The noble princess cried and wailed, 
And wrung her hands in dismal grief ; 
She shed a bitter flood of tears, 
And exclaimed ! where are my Three ? 

The bright princess went forth 

Intensely wailing among the slain, 

Till she reached the spot, 

Where her husband and two sons fell. 

The Fians mustered east and west, 

The foe, in like manner, feebly came 

From every side and peak of the hill, 

Listening to the caoin of the woman. 
11 



102 

O. 2t Pb&ctiAic"! v) f aca b0 fob]*, 
bo cleifi yoy, v'o> cii pejr) ; 
Tt)AC]*Arbu]l t;a rr)T)A iib, 
a b-peAftj* a, a 3-clo, 'fA fS^irb. 

2lr> cat) cA]r)i5 6f c|Ot)i) ija 3-cojip, 
bo ttoc a jrolc b] ati 8ac at) 6]h ; 
bo fir) cAttfTjA Aft at) b-c|t|urt, 
5A15 cApA, 3Af) luc, 5AU crteojft! 

*t)'ACflA15 A b-eAbAf) TTJAjfeAC, Tl^t), 

a beATiCA 3Ttn)i) 'fA beAp5 31x11 a& ; 
a leACA, A beAl, a't* a ctiuc 30 l&fft, 

A 1*ATT)U]l bo'r) 6A3 bA CTIUA3 ! 
M]Oft b-ttAbA 6lilT)1), A P1)ACTIA1C ! tT)A|t f]1), 

30 t)-beACA]6 \] a i;-&AiAib bAjf, 

<Do co3Aib at) T)Arf)Aib uaiII-caoi 3eAft, 

a'p at) pblATjp pqr) b] y ao| biorr;bA& ! 

4)o f AO]leArr;A||ttiG a't* pop cAc, 
30 b-piAiri bAr» atjd 3At> 3<MTM">; 
bo cA]t;|3 tta ctiuc jt&it) Apif, 
a']* bo cat; A3 caoj at) Iaoj ttiati leATjAf ! 



163 

0. Patrick ! thy God bath not seen, 
Nor yet thy clerics, nor thyself, 
The equal of that woman, 
In figure, form, and countenance. 

When she stood over their bodies, 

She tore her hair, -which was of the colour of gold, 

She stretched across the Three 

Without movement, energy, or strength ! 

Her beautiful and smooth forehead changed [colour], 
Her sparkling eyes and crimson face, 
Her cheeks, mouth, and form all over, 
Her equal to face death was woful ! 

Not long were we, Patrick ! thus, 
Till she fell into the swoon of death ; 
The foe raised a bitter wail, 
And the Fians themselves were in grief ! 

We and the foe imagined, 

That she had there died without a moan ; 
But she assumed her own shape again, 
And sung in tears the lay that follows ! 



L210J 2t)N 21 2l)t)62lK32U5tj, 

.1. 2i|lr>e f-rHiAb-^eAl, a tj-bjAis a jqji A5iif a b|Af ttjac 
bo cujc aji cijoc Arj A]|t. 



O. 21 2l)beA|i5Ai5 t)A DsUf-Uiji; us&Art, 1 
boh' ]oh}8a 5I1A8 a']* cjtort)-CAc; 
a b-c]or)6l fluAJ a'|* AOt)A|tA]rj, 
bo cujc leb' cjiua6-IA|it; feAl. 

MjOjt b-|:eA|*AC rt)& 50 fiA^b ^r>A r)-biAi5, 
Cft&ACC t)A f^AI) A]t bo cojtp ; 
\ iy beAjtb lion? 5uri ce^l^, a 3|tA8, 
a'|* tjAC rjeAjtc lArb bo buA]8 ojic ! 

'Dob' frAbA bo crqAll At) ]tt)C]&X), 
6b' cjjt bA caott? 50 b"Jo|r T"^l^ 2 
b'jouDfAise pbino A3uf t;a b-^^w, 
bo ceAl5 rrjo cjtjAji bo'i; ri)-b&f ! 

1 This is a good specimen of the ancient Irish caoin or lament, and is 
nlso valuable as embodying and representing the belief in omens by the 
ancient Irish ; and sufficiently bears out the opinion entertained by those 
who closely study the early history of our country, as to the eastern 
origin of its first colonisers. A fragment of this curious poem has al- 
ready appeared in print, having been published by the late Philip F. 
Barron of Waterford, in his Magazine, entitled Ancient Ireland, (See 
Lamentation of Ala over Mordhaigh, p. 105, Dub. 1835) ; but a comparison 
between that and the present version will show considerable variance 
and difference. 

2 loir F*M l > Island 0/ Fail. At p. 130, note 1, referring to this term, we 
stated, on the authority of Keating, one of the most learned antiquaries of 
his time, that the l)A Pxvjl, from which Ireland received the above name, 
was removed to Scotland, and thence to Westminster Abbey ; where, 
according to our author, it now lies; but since writing that note, we have 
consulted Dr. Petrie's Antiquities of Tara Hill, where, at page 1.00, the 
learned Doctor states that the Lia Fail is still at Tara, which important 
discovery, if we might rely on his arguments, would entitle him to the 
marked thanks of the Irish nation, lie states, that after the eventful 
year, 1"08, it was removed from its antient situation in the Rath, called 



THE LAY OF THE WIFE OF MEAItGACU, 

I.E. OP AlLNE, OF THE BRIGHT COUNTENANCE, OVER IIER 
HUSBAND AND TWO SONS WHO FELL AT CNOC-AN-AIR. 



O. O Meargach of the sharp green blades, 
Many a conflict and severe fight, 
Amidst the hosts and in single combat, 
Came off by thy hardy hand in thy time. 

I never knew that there remained after them, 
A wound or scar upon thy breast, 
And I feel assured, that it was treachery, love, 
And not the might of arms that overpowered thee ! 

Long was thy journey afar, 

From thine own fair land to Innis Fail ; 

To visit Fionn and the Fians, 

"Who treacherously put my Three to death ! 

the Forradh, to mark the grave of the insurgents, slain at Tara in the 
outbreak of that year. At p. 162, he gives a woodcut representation of 
this stone, which he describes as but six feet high above ground, but that 
its real height is said to be twelve feet. It is a matter of surprise that the 
Council of the Royal Irish Academy, if they believe this to be the Lia Fail, 
has made no effort to save such a relic, leaving it thus exposed to destruc- 
tion. Surely when that body makes such strenuous efforts to rescue mat- 
ters of minor importance as they often do, they should not leave the Lia 
Fail to merely mark the graves of rebels on Tara Hill ! The identification 
cf the existing stone with the Lia Fail, requires, however, some further 
corroboration. Taking it that the LiaFail stood upright originally as at pre- 
sent, and that the monarch inaugurated, stood on the apex of it, while it 
audibly expressed approbation when the right heir occupied that position, 
we can hardly conceive that he could have found a locus standi on a space 
so unfitted for an exhibition of the kind as the narrow-rounded summit 
of this stone presents. The account given by our bardic historians of the 
Lia Fail would lead one to believe that it was a small flat stone, such as 
the one now under the coronation chair in Westminster Abbey, and not 
a pillar-stone six feet above ground, and six more below, as Dr. Petrie's 
account represents it. 



106 

O. <t)iorT>b&8 ! rtio ceile, rr>o ceATjir, 

bo cATlleAT* le nieAr)3 tta b-)^AT>i>; 

ttjo &jy 05I.AC, njo 6]f ttiac, 

two 8]f b'peAjtAib bA 5Afib 5I1A& ! 

2t)o ciirbA ! tuo b[A& ^5Uf ttjo &eoc ! 
rtio ciirbA ! rrro co|*5 6 5AC at fib; 
1170 ciirbA ! rt)0 criTAll at; jtt)ct,at), 

A V 3°^ CA1,lleAT/ TTTO lAOCftA CAfb ! 

9X)o ciirbA ! rrio <t>bi*i) Aft lAft, 

TTTO ciirf)A ! mjo f5Ac ^V "7° T51 A ^ > 
11)0 ciirbA ! 2t)eAp5Ac a'j* Cf AjtbAr), 
rtio curb a l_f A5AT1 ! bA b)ieA5 elf Ab ! 

2t)o curbA ! n>o cofirjeAb a'j* hk> bfor}, 
ttjo cuttja ! ttio bfifj A5iif rrro ceAtjij; 
ttto ciirbA ! b'& A]* bojlb o't) olc, 
rrjo cuttja atjocc ! f]b 50 trAtjtj ! 

2t)o ciirijA ! rrjo luc7;Ai|t a'j* itjo 5fteATir>, 

TTJ0 ClinjA ! TTJO jeAll ATJT) 5AC AfC, 2 

rrjo ciirbA ! rrjo luc a't" rrjo rreATtc, 

TTJO ciitfjA ! 6 TJOCC ATTJAC 50 bftAC ! 

2t)o cuttja ! tdo cfteofft A'f* rrjo cfif aII, 
ttjo ciirbA ! rrjo rb|Atl 30 IVr) bAff, 

TTJO CUTT)A ! TTJO CAf fje a']* TTJO fl6fTT>, 

rrjo ciirbA ! rrjo Iaocjia6 bA CAf8 ! 

2t)o ClilTJA ! TTJO leAbA8 a't* TTJO fHlAT), 

ttjo ciirbA! ttjo cuAfftc A'f ttjo ceACc; 

ttjo ciirijA ! uj'ofbe a'|* ttjo blA8, 

rrjo cuttja cftAf8ce ! njo cftfiin poAji ! 

1 CcAtjT) means also a head, and in pronunciation and signification 
strongly resembles the Tersian word khan. 



107 

O. Sorrowful ! my husband — my chief, 
I lost by the wiles of the Fians, 
My two youths — my two sons, 
My two men who were fierce in battle ! 

My grief ! my food and my drink ! 
My grief! my precept everywhere, 
My grief! my journey afar, 
And that I lost my noble heroes ! 

My grief! my Dun laid low, 

My grief! my shelter and shield, 
My grief ! Meargach and Ciardan, 
My grief Liagan ! of the broad chest ! 

My grief ! my ward and defence, 
My grief! my strength and might, 
My grief it is ! and gloom from evil, 
My grief this night ! to find ye slain ! 

My grief! my joy and my pleasure, 
My grief! my desire in each place ; 
My grief! my agility and my strength [are gone], 
My grief ! from this night evermore ! 

My grief! my guide and my path, 

My grief! my love till the day of my death, 
My grief! my treasure and my sway, 
My grief ! my heroes who were noble ! 

My grief ! my bed and my slumbers, 
My grief! my visit and my arrival ; 
My grief! my consoler and my renown, 
My sore grief! my three men ! 

2 Aliter, &jtt), heiyht, everywhere. 



163 

O. 2t)o curbA ! ttjo mAife aY ttjo f3e|rb, 
ttjo curb a ! ttjo feAbA a't ttjo CAifje 

TTJO CimjA ! TTJO C-Jfbe A'f "JO TT)AOjT), 

ttjo curbA ! ttjo cnf cobble 3A]f3e ! 
2t)o curbA ! rrjo cA-ribe aY ttjo 3A0I, 

TTJO CUrbA ! TTJO rtJU]T)C1Tl a']* TTJO CAflAT.b,, 

ttjo cutt)a ! h/aca-ii aY ttjo rijAcATji, 
ttjo curbA a'i* ttjo cAf* ! f|b rrjATtb ! 

9X)o CUnjA ! ttjo pAjftc a'|* TTj'p^'lce, 

TTJO CUTT)A ! TTJO flAlT)Ce 3AC ATTJ, 

TTJO Curb A ! TTJO TbeTbTjT A'f TTJO folAf, 

ttjo SotIi^ bolAif ! |*|b 50 pArjTi ! 

2t)o curbA ! bo f leA5 a'|* bo Iatjtj, 

ttjo curbA ! bo ceAT)t)]*Acc aY bo 3fiA6, 
ttjo curbA ! bo ijji aY bo bAjle, 
rrjo curbA ! fib bo f5Aipe orrj' bail ! 

2t)o curbA ! rrjo cuat) aY ttjo caIatc, 
ttjo curbA ! ttjo cA]f*5e a']* ttjo fear; ; 
ttjo cuhta ! rrjo njonbACC a-'t* rrjo iij^eAcc, 
ttjo curbA aY ttjo caot. ! T*ib 30 b"^^3 • 

2t)0 CUrbA ! TTJO ftAC 30 b-JOTTJ-f-lAT;, 
TTJO CUnjA ! fib ATJ ATTJ 3l|A6 " 

ttjo curbA ! ttjo qorjol 1*163, 

ttjo curbA ! TTJO cnjati leorijAij 3|torbe ! 

2t)o CUTbA ! TTj'lTTJjriC A3UT- rrj'ol, 

ttjo curbA ! ttjo ceol A3U1* rrj'AOjbrjeAf ; 

TTJO CUHJA ! TTJO T-riTATJ&TJ 1 aY TTJO bATJTJCJtACC, 2 

ttjo cunjA caijtjcIac ! fib clAOjbce ! 

1 SruArjfcrj, a summer house, such as is found in gentlemen's gardens, 
•where the ladies of the houshold and their attendants take shelter from 
the burning heat of the sun in the summer season. Grianan also was the 



169 

O. My grief! rny beauty and my adornment, 
My grief! my jewels and my wealth, 
My grief ! my treasures and my chattels, 
My grief! my three valorous torches of chivalry ! 

My grief! my kindred and my relatives, 
My grief ! my people and my friends, 
My grief! my father and my mother, 
My grief and my sorrow ! that ye are dead ! 

My grief! my affection and my welcome, 
My grief ! my health at all times, 
My grief ! my blitheness and my solace, 
My harsh desolation ! that ye are feeble ! 

My grief! thy spear and thy lance, 
My grief! thy gentleness and love, 
My grief! thy country and thy home, 
My grief ! that ye are separated from me ! 

My grief! my havens and my coasts, 
My grief! my wealth and my prosperity, 
My grief! my greatness and my possessions, 
My grief and my wail ! are ye till I die ! 

My grief ! my riches all, 

My grief ! your absence in battle time, 
My grief! my muster of hosts, 
My grief ! my three heroic lions ! 

My grief! my games and my festivities, 
My grief ! my songs and my pleasures ; 
My grief! my summerhouse and my train, 
My crying grief! that ye are feeble ! 

name by which that portion of a castle or palace set apart, or appropriated 
for the use of ladies was called — probably our drawing-room or boudoir. 
2 t>Aijtjctucc, female attendants, ladies in waiting, &c. 



170 

O. 2t)o cuttja ! rx)y:o\)X) A 5u|* rti 'jrjA&Ac, 

trio cuttia ! too ctiiati beAjtb Iaoc ; 

TT)0 CUTT)A OC ! Tt?0 CUtTJA 1Ab ! 

a'j* a W5A6 at) |ti7C|AT) bo'r; fb&WV ! 

^'aicjt) roe ati at) fluA5 t15 el cti^at;, 
bo b) a T)3le|c 6f ciot)o at? <Du|T) ; 
A 3-CAC le cejle a T>5liT)cib Ae]8i|t, 
50 ftAib at; leAT) le bu<*]T)c borr/ CTtjuri ! 

C)'A1C|T) TT)e Aft AT) b-^SJATl-SUC fJ5e ! 

bo fe]b 50 ctiuittt) ArreAc atd cIuait*; 

T)A|l b-£AbA UA1 TT) 3OIIT) T)UA8 tS^I^- 

buti b-ciqcTrr; ]f e bo cuati ! 

C)'aic|T) TTje a b-cuf at> lAe, 

bo |*3 A]t ttio cti'uti beA5-lAOc liorrj ; 

ATI ATT)AftC beAflA £oIa TJA ^TlU^b, 

t)&ti b-p]lleA& pAO" buAb CIJ.3ATT) ! 

<D'aic|t; Ttje A|t 3UC T)A m-b^bb, 
atm) biijt 3-cACAiTi Tbe|8-Ti 3<vc oeo-T) ; 

6 f3ATlAbA1Tl llOTT) 30 CTIOCAC CAOTT), 

3UT1 b-po5UT > bArt) leAT) a't* bTtot) ! 

Jf CU]rb]T) l|OTT) A Cft|U]|l bA t]\&&T) ! 

311TI TT)ii)ic roe lib bo Iuai8 ; 

bA ro'*roceAcc 30 \)-Q^]-\\]\)\) b]b, 

OAC b-jreicjqoo biijt 030AO] £ao- buab ! 

1 SIUA5 rijje, /airy /ios<. The recital of the long list of omens in the 
following stanzas is particularly beautiful and characteristic. A belief 
in omens is of remote antiquity in Ireland, and, prevails in many 
parts of the country among the people at the present day. In no 
other poem in the Irish language is such a long list of omens strung 
together as in the present one. Ailne knew by the legions of fairies she 
saw in a vision fighting in the air, that her heroes would never return 
to her alive ; also by the hosts in the glens of the sky — by the voice 



171 

O. My grief! my lands and my chase, 
My grief ! my three heroes true ; 
My grief alas ! my grief are they ! 
Conquered afar by the Fians ! 

I knew, by the mighty fairy host, 
That were in conflict over the Dun, 
Fighting each other in the chasms of the air, 
That evil would befall my Three ! 

I knew, by the fairy strain, 
That came direct into mine ear, 
That evil tidings were not far from me, 
Your fall was what it portended ! 

I knew, on the morn of that day, 

On which my three noble heroes parted me, 
On beholding tears of blood on their cheeks, 
That they would not return victorious to me ! 

I knew, by the vulture's croak, 

Over your delightful mansion each evening, 
Since ye parted me in strength and beauty, 
That sorrow and gloom were at hand ! 

Well do I remember, mighty Three ! 
How often I had told to you, 
That if to Eirinn ye did steer, 
I would not see you crowned with victory. 

of the sprites of the hill, as it was wafted to her ear on the breeze, — by 
the mournful cry of the Banshee, which she heard round the Cathair 
each night, since her heroes departed — by the deep croak of the raven 
each morning — by the foam of the torrent, when it changed to the colour 
of blood — by the visits of the eagle every evening and wheeling ominous 
in flight over the Dun — by the withering branches of the trees before 
the Dun— and by the black raven, which she saw flying before them on 
the way on the day that they left for Eirin— by her broken rest at 



172 

O. <t)'A]C1t) tT)e ATt 5UC At) t:e]C, 

5AC TT)AibeAt) 6 ctti, aII ]*]b UA|n) ; 
5ujt tujqrt) bjb, bATtttAtbuil piojt, 
a't* t)A|t b-pjlleAb 8]b bo'r) qti le bu<v6 ! 

'D'aICJTJ TT)e A C|t|U]|t bA CAlS, 

A]t T)-beATiTT)Ab bujt t)-] aII-cot) bjb ; 
T)Ari b-tqlleab 6]b Ajiif le bu*8, 
3AT) ceAls 6 fluAigqb "pbl^t) '• 

^D'Ajqi) tt)e a co|t)t)le SAi^e ! 
|*jtuc at) eAt/A A3 CAO]b at) <Dutt) ; 
A|t rr)-be]C At) ^uil le l]T)t) butt b-cTt|A]llj 
At) reAll t/o ri|Arb 30 TtAib a b-pior)r) ! 

to'Aiqt) rrje A|t cuA]|tb At) ioUi]t, 

3AC rteoit) A3 qlleAb 6y qot)t) At) t>u]r>; 
t)Ati b-f AbA 30 3-cluiDqt)t) ?e]V, 
CAf5 bjio]c-r , 5eil 6rt)' cri|uri ! 

<D'A|C|r) rtje at) cat) b't*eoj3 at) b|le, 

'b|ji 5&A3 a't; biqlle 6f corf)A]ri At) iDuit), 

T)Afl CeACC £0 bu<\8 CAfl T)A|t* bjb, 

6 ceAhjAjb "pbl^P tf)ic Cutt)A]U ! 
Na jtticAit) "pjoi)!) ! a 1x105*11) A15 (ati '5p'*]Qe), 1 

T)A t?6f irtlCAjl) AT) "pblAtit) ; 
T)i le ce|l3, t)A le rt)eAt)3, 
bo cujceAbAfi At)t) bo qiiAti ! 

Nj CU5 at) ]tjo3Ait) f tteA3|iA6 ATt bic, (aji 5bftAit)i)e), 

A3Uf t)|oji cujti t-uirt) t)A 5I0T1 ; 

acc leAt)tt)ii|t) bA CAO|t)e a't* bA caoj, 

30 qiAT- A3 rjori f | l e beort ! 

nights — by the floods of tears which alarmed her in her sleep— by the 
mournful cry of the favorite hound of Ciardan every evening. — In 
one dream, she imagines herself to be in the form of a 6pectre — in 
another vision, she sees a lake of blood on the site of the Dun ; by all 
which phenomena she conjectured the fall of her heroes. In the Tale of 



173 

O. I knew, by the raven's croaking voice, 
Each morning since ye left me, 
That your fall was true and certain, 
And that ye would not return victorious to your land ! 

I knew, noble Three, 

In forgetting the leashes of your hounds ; 
That ye would not again return with victory, 
Without treachery from the hosts of Fionn ! 

I knew, ye torches of valor ! 

By the cascade's stream, near the Dun, 
Having changed into blood at your departure, 
That this guile was ever found in Fionn. 

I knew, by the eagle's visit 
Each evening over the Dun, 
That ere long I would hear 
Evil tidings from my Three ! 

I knew, when the huge tree withered, 
Both branch and leaves before the Dun, 
That victorious you would never return 
From the wiles of Fionn Mac Cumhaill ! 

Do not decry Fionn, noble princess (saith Grainne), 
Nor yet decry the Fians ; 
'Twas not by treachery nor craft, 
That thy Three [heroes] fell ! 

The princess made no reply to Grainne, 
And she heeded not her talk ; 
But continued her caoine and her wail, 
Incessantly shedding tears ! 

Deirdre, published in the Transactions of the Gaelic Society (Dub. 1R08), 
similar visions appear to her, respecting Naisi, Ainle, and Ardan. 

i 3ri2qnne, Grace. This lady was the daugbter of Cormac Mac Airt, 
■who was monarch of Ireland in the Third Century. She was betrothed 
to Fionn Mac Cumhaill, but her subsequent amours with Diarmuid 
O'Duibhue, forms the subject of our Third Volume. 



174 

O. ^>\]i]\) rr)6 Aft attjatic bujt r)-biAi3, 

at) lA bo ctt|aII -f jb o'r) t)-<Dut); 
Aft eiql at) t>6|C riotrjAib atttac, 

TlATl COTT)ATlCA tt)A1C ATI CAfA ClhjATT) ? 
^t)'A]C|t; TT)fe ATI CO]T) CblAftbA]T), 

A5 sUirb 5oUttt 5AC T)e5|ii ; 

T)ATt Vj-JTAbA 50 b-pAJAIIJI), TT)0 p|AT) ! 

buri b-cAf3, a CTijAji, tt)o 8ob|tor) ! 

O'^ICIT) TT)6 ATI eAfbA THlATt), 

5AC Ojbce buAt) po fftocAjb beoft ; 
orr)' ]tof5Aib 6 f5ATt fib liort?, 
T)A|t cuati cutT)bA]5 8]bfe a f otic. 

<D'a1C]T) TT)& ATI AT) ATT-l|115 bft6]T), 

bO CeAfbAlT) TT)0 3UAlf bATT) f6]T) ; 

5UTV 56ATlTlAb tT)0 CeAT)T) A'f TTTO lATT)A SjOTT), 

3ujt fibfe bo b] 5AT) Tt^irrj ! 

'D'Aiqti rtje ati UA]ct)]r) biT)ti-3l6|t<\c, 
5a8ati bA Tio-feATic lerr>' l,]A5AT) ! 
A5 5IATD301I 3 ac n)A]b|i) 30 rfioc, 
rpo CTqufi 5UTI 6]T)T)ce 86]b at) bAf ! 

<E>'&]i]l) Ttie AT) CAT) CeAT*bAT)A8 bATT), 
AT) loc f oIa ATI A]C AT) <t)uiT) J 
COftCAJlCA 30 TIAlb t1)0 CftlUTl, 
6'tT 3-Ce]l3 1)ATt f AOTl TlfATT) "pjOOt) ! 

Na bj A3 Aiqf "pb|')r) (a|1 5^1»)0e), 
a beAt), c]A CTiAibce bo cjtojbe, 
cjtei3 ^CAT-bA bqc A3 irrjcAitre, 
tia b-'pjATjt) njojib^Uc, i;A "pjof)!;. 



175 

0. I knew, on looking after you, 

The day on which ye left the Dun, 

And on the flight of the raven before you, 

That it was no good omen of your return ! 

I knew, by the hounds of Ciardan, 
Mournfully howling every evening, 
That ere long, I would hear, my pain ! 
Of your fate, Three, my dark grief! 

I knew, by the want of rest, 
Each long night past with tears streaming ; 
Dowu from my eyes since ye left me, 
That such did not forebode luck to you. 

I knew, by the sorrowful vision 
That revealed my doom to me, 
That my head and hands were cut off, 
That it was ye who were bereft of sway ! 

I knew, by melodious Uaithnin, 
The favorite dog of my Liagan ! 
Howling each morning early, 
That death was certain for my Three ! 

I knew, when in a vision I saw, 

A pool of blood where the Dun stood, 

That my Three were vanquished 

By the wiles from which Fionn was never exempt ! 

Do not reproach Fionn (saith Grainne), 
O woman, though sorrowful be thy heart, 
Give up henceforth to be speaking ill, 
Of the proud Fians, or of Fionn. 



176 
O. 21 '5\)]ib]i)X)e ! Aft ^105^10 At? d]]\~C]*b, 

bA TTJO leAr At} C^Afl fO A|l Ia|i j 

|omc^]r> ijo Aiq|* rjioft leoft leAc, 
n)A|i &]ol 30 beAjtb h>a rrj-bAf ! 

<£><* b-pAi;bAO|f i)A 3-c6|rij-ci|i feit), 
a T*1°5<Mt) fe|rb, Aft 3|i^1t)i)e ¥h]VV \ 
a'|* 3AI) ceAcc bo 8]03aIc rbfc ^|teo|t), 
o'r) b-'peirjrj r>]Ojt 86|b bA 6^c ! 

<Da rrj-bA8 cu]C|ii) bd]b le cocjtAtt) lAt)i), 
5A1) ceAls v& n?eAi)3, a ^bp^l^e caoii? ; 

*t)A TtJAlJteAbAOlf, A |1|05A|t) AJ5, 

xy\ in)CA]t?pib]]* j:e|t) Ai) ^bl^W : 
If le CftobAcc a'f T)eA]tc a lAti), 1 
b'-pivjbAbAft ajx Iaji bo qiiAfi ! 

<t)o qocpA8 led, a 3bT**Mt)r)e, At) 3t)jort), 
a 5-cufi po 8jiAO|5eAcc Afi b-ruf; 

'f* If COfTt)U]l 5UJI b'ATblAjS bj, 

t)6 xy\o\\ t*\z\xx) 30 bftAt borr/ cftjufi. 2 

Cjteib uAitt), a 1tfo§A]t), aji 5T t *1twe, 
i)ac ji^ib ceA^ f At; la|rb, i;a rt)eAt}3, 
bo leA5 2t)eAft3Ac ija Iaijij t^lAf, 
a'p bo ce]l5 le rjeAftc bo a ceArn) ! 

1 A liter " ?X)&1\ ir WJ&lfc 6ujc, bjc a 5-qt)p, 

Mac lo ti)eAiJ5 t>o Ioajas ]a&." 

As their headless bodies bear thee witness, 
That it was not by treachery they fell ! 

* Aliter "t>o b'pe|b]Tt, a 5br*2M»)iJO, a bejftin), 

a Ioa5a6 lo ce|l5 A*r lo ttjcAt)5 ; 



177 

0. Grainnc ! saith the princess of the golden hair, 
If those Three who have fallen were thine, 
Truly, reproach or shame would not suffice thee, 
As satisfaction for their death ! 

Had they remained in their own country, 

mild princess, saith Grainnc of Fionn ; 
And not come to be avenged for Mac Treoin, 
From the Fians they would receive no hurt ! 

Ilad they fallen in fair battle, 

Without deceit or treachery, O gentle Grainne, 

1 would not' reproach the Fians, 

But they do not survive to bear me witness ! 

Had they survived, noble princess, 

They themselves would not decry the Fians ; 
'Twas by valour and might of arm, 
They laid low thy Three ! 

They might, Grainne, the deed perform, 
By putting them under magic spells, at first ; 
And 'tis likely that it was so, 
Or else my Three would never fall. 

Believe me, princess, saith Grainne, [arm 

That there was neither venom nor treachery in the 
By which fell Meargach of the green blades, 
And that by might cut off his head ! 

A'r A U-bjAis Ti)-bejc cttApU(5te 6b)b, 
a i)-b|cceATjt)A6 le j:oittneA|tc Upi?." 

It may be possible, Grainne, I say, 
To slay them by treachery and malice, 
And after their being decrepid, 
To behead then) by the force of swords ! 
12 



178 

O. )t)t)]Y\rt) bu^c p6f 5AU bp6A3, 

At) b]f* bo le^5 50 pAbi) bo 61ai)i) ; 

V&H ciqbe A]C|f bo CAbAjjic bojb, 

&'if i)Aji b-peAf*AC bo]b b|iAO]3eAcc t)A tt)eAt)3 ! 

21 5b]t&iwe ! A]t At) lM05A]t) A15, 
b'Aji b'A]t)itT) 2i]li)e 5eAl-fi)UAb ; 
^)] c\xe]i>]xt) uajc, t>a o't) b-^^tjtj, 

5U]t CU]C]tt) bAtT) lAOCftA tt)Aft lltA&A]Jt. 

Ma bj peAfbA l]i)i) bA Iua6, 

i)1 fiAjb jijArb ceAl.5 'fAi) b-pejt)!), 

ACt 5t)10li)A]tCA lAOCU]f* A3Uf* 3A]f*3e. 

t)A cA]t)i5 ]tiArb Iaoc i)A com i)A t)-bA]l, 

bO |tU5 A rt)-bllA6 A 3-CeAjlC 1)A lAt)1), 

A Y 3° tD-bejb ArblA^b 50 Ia a n)-bA|f* ! 

'Da b-cujAbAon* ceA]tc da co]|t, 
bort)' cfi]ii|t bA cjtobA a t)3t)jori) ; 

A'f bA fluA5 Cft&At)ri)A|t CAC-bllAbAC, 

a b-cinciir> t)iOji uArtjAt) l|i)i) ! 

21 2ljlt)e ! if* AlujrM) prniAb a'j* 5V*o]> 
6 t)AC 3-Cjte]b||t x]\)v bA UiAb ; 

lU^iri' 1 ' feu 1 c 3° b-ciqcp]b cujlle, 1 
ful |*3A|i|.*Ai8 ljt)t)e bo H)6fi flu A3 ! 

21 5b|t»1tJi)e ! A]t At; nio^Ait) A13, 

aji fot) tjA 3-CftuAb-f caji bo bul b'cA3 ; 

CA bCA]tb 66|C A3Att)|*A Af CAC, 

50 3-oi|jtf.*ib A]i An At) b-)-6|i)i). 

1 Ahlcr "■ LeA5FA|h ajj FbjAiJJJ A'f ij| lc ce«xl5, 

cu|llo Ajt <\i) leA]l5 bob' cflOty-flUAS !" 



179 

0. I tell thee again without falsehood, 

The two who laid thy children low, 
That reproach was not due to them, 
And that they knew not sorcery nor guile ! 

Grainne ! saith the noble princess, 
Whose name was Ailne of the fair form ; 
I believe not thee nor the Fians, 

That my heroes fell as thou sayest. 

Do not henceforth to us proclaim, 
And do not be sullen or angry at it : 
There never was treachery in the Fians, 
But feats of heroism and valor. 

1 tell thee still, and 'tis no falsehood, [them, 
That there never yet came a hero or pursuit to meet 
That obtained sway [over them] by right of the sword, 
And that they shall be so till their death ! 

Had they dealt justly or honourably, 
With my Three who were mighty in action ; 
And with their victorious mighty hosts, 
Their fall then would not surprise me ! 

Ailne ! of the most elegant shape and form, 
As thou dost not believe what I say, 
I tell thee that more will fall, 
Ere thy great hosts part us ! 

O Grainne ! saith the noble princess, 

For the sake of the hardy men who have died, 
I have great hopes that my hosts 
Will deal destruction to the Fians ! 

The Fians will slay, and not by treachery, 
More in the field of thy great troops. 



180 

O. 21 2ljlne ! An 3ftC\|!)ije An Sfqiyn, 
II* beAjib Ijnrj *p^|fe bo cjijaII ; 
cajji ljon>f*A a'j* lejj* At) b-}^ejnr>, 
50 5-CA|ceAnj le cejle beoc a'j- bjA8 ? 

<Do 8|iilcu|5 2ijli;e 5eAl-j*t)UA8, 

ad cu-|teA8 fitAjji 6 3bjtAjv)t)e pr-ltM) ; 
a'j* a biibAjftc nAjt cu-be l&j £ejn, 
j*leA8 tja feAf* bA 6 luce a V5V]rn ! 

OO r^eAjtjtcAji rno cojip port)' lAjt, 
bo nAj8 Cor>An bo JAnb slojt ; 
50 n-]ocj*Ajjtj*e, a 2ijlr>e TjeAl- j**jua8, 
jtncAjn A|i "f*lttA"5 5AI) cojjt ! 

21 ftp rnAojl jj* Sltajnne be|lb, 
bA b-j*AC<\8 An Aop lejjt5 j*6j* ; 
If beAnb ljotn 3u.f1 jocaj* 50 cjuiaj8 
A n-jrncAjt;), a'j* bA cniiA5 An f5eol ! 

JocpA|8 cii njoj* cjiua8, aji ConAt), 
A]i]X a'j* jtncAjn t)A b-'pjAnn ; 
bAjnjrcAb An ceAnt) 6ji-j*ojlc bjoc, 
rr?A sejbjtn ceAb "pbl^O t>A b-pjAtnj. 

3j8 rnojt co|jiceAtnujl bo cojtp, 

a'j* 5ujt leACAn, Ion), cjtoc bo rt)AOil ; 

a'j* cu j:tAri)An-cnAtT)Ac, njT-jn-j^jceAc, rneAjt, 

rnAn 8eAlb nAc rnAjc aji Iaoc I 1 

<Do cosbAnjAjt ujle at; )-b|Ainj, 
5Ajn bA 8jai; 5JieAtn? a'j* cAc; 
An cai) b'jrn8eAjt5 ai; beAt.*-, 
ai; fOAji tijaoI IcAri) a'j* b']tt)Cb]i). 

1 Alitor, " SeAlAjiuje ijac hjajc a*j Iaoc." 

I promise that the hero is not brave. 



181 

0. Ailne ! saitb the pleasant Grainne, 

I know that thou hast come from afar, 
Come with me and with the Fians, 
Till we together eat and drink ? 

Ailne of the bright form declined 

The invitation given her by Grainne of Fiona ; 

And she said it was beneath herself 

To partake of cheer from people of their deeds. 

May my body be rent in two, 
Saith Conan, in a surly voice ; 
But thou wilt pay, O Ailne bright, 
For unjustly stigmatising our hosts. 

O bald man of the ugliest aspect, 
That I have yet met on any plain ; 
I apprehend I have sorely paid 
For the stigma given, and how sad the tale ! 

Thou shalt pay more sorely, saith Conan, 
For the scandal thou hast given the Fians, 
I will cut off thy head of the golden locks, 
If I am permitted by Fionn of the Fians. 

Though huge and bulky is thy body, 
And though flat and bald is thy skull, 
And tho' thou art thick-boned, tough-sinewed, swift 
These are marks which ill becomes a hero ! 

We, the Fenians all, raised 
A shout of joy, and so did the foe, 
When the woman rebuked and reproached 
The silly bald man [Conan]. 



132 

O. 'Do 5IAC at) peAji rtjAol n>op. fc^]i^, 

aY bo lAliAjft bo 5A|ib 311c Anb, 
cu|f* caot, A5uj* pftocA bedft, 
5U]8]rr) bo'r) y-h&VW A*f &o c&c ! 

<t)0 CA|t]tA11)5 A IaT)T) At/ A CnUA1.ll CAI^e, 

a'|* C115 fjc 3Ajtb curt} i)A rr)t)A ; 

bo buAi,l Ope un A|i C]tuAib-beitT), 

bo biiAjt) puAiri) a'|* be|c At; CI)OT)AT) ! 

iD'llAlll Cot)AT), A'f b'p^AC 50 C|tUA§ 

An Of*cun ija 3-cniiA& Iai)t) t)3eAU, 

A bubA^HC Coi)Al), T)A|n AT) JTJjOti), 

t<o 50|iMf tt)o clj8 o cAob 50 CAob ! 

M| 50|t)^it)T) bo clj8 i)A bo conp, 
acc 50 b-pACA8 3uji b'olc bo tt}0|im), 
t;]0|i ciqbe 8ujc t)occa bo clo]8]rt), 
An ATbAnc 3t)Aoi t)<x n)T)A t^Jv t^e^ri). 

M] b-pu|l tt)o fujrt) a f3e]n) T)A Tt)i)A, 

T)A 3T)lil f aIuT,T)I), T)A T)A 31)AO], 

If rneAfA Ipti) AT,qt; 3AT) ci^U, 

A3 ttt)ca|t) t)A b-"piAi)i; Ajuf "pbiw ! 

<Do 3luAif "piouo 'fAi; "pbl<M)T) 6'ij 3-cnoc, 
A*f Opcun aco i)A peAft cjijtj ]iiAin; 
bo cujaII cac Y at) njo-zjAjn fein), 
A]i a b-CAob p6]i) 50 pjtAp 1T)Aft ]Ab. 

2ifl 1)A ri)A|tAC CAl,!)^ AT) } : I)1,AT)1), 

A 1 l ^0 3~ct)oc 'i)A TiAi,b at) c-An; 1 

A'f T)jO|l b-pAbA 30 b-pACATT)A|t A3 CeACC, 

2l|li)c f-i)iiA8-3eAl A311T; cac. 

Aliter. " 7jo 50]ri)eAii)U|l b)Atj curt) aij &in»" 

With venom severe towards the slaughter. 



183 

0. The bald man became very angry, 

And he spoke in a loud rough voice, 
A cause of weeping and floods of tears, 
I pray for the Fians and their foes ! 

He drew his sword from its costly scabbard, 
And made a fierce dart towards the woman ; 
Oscur gave him a hard blow, 
That made Conan shriek and roar ! 

Conan howled, and looked piteously, 
On Oscur of the sharp -tempered blades, 
And he said, shameful is the deed, 
Thou hast pierced my breast from side to side ! 

I would not pierce thy breast nor thy body, 
But that I saw thy bad intent ; 
It was not meet for thee to unsheath thy sword, 
On seeing the shape and beauty of the woman! 

I am regardless of the beauty of the woman, 
Of her fine features or her shape ; 
I think worse of the undeserved reproach 
She has cast on the Fians and Fionn ! 

Fionn and the Fenians left the hill, 
And Oscur with them as their guide ; 
The gentle princess and her hosts 
Sped their own way in haste like them. 

In the morning the Fians came 
On the hill where lay the slain ; 
And 'twas not long till we beheld approaching, 
Ailne of the bright countenance and her hosts. 



184 

O. <t)o jluAff 5p&]t)\)e i)A 5-c6ri)8C\|[, 

a'p bo 71115 A]i Ia^H) Aft 2l|li)0 pefrt; 
le i;a cejle aji AOt) ]t|AT) Ap fji), 
ai) bif pit) c]5 a b-cup At) c-pluAi5» 

po'l) Att) 't)A jtat)5AbAit pitjt), 
bo pejtn) <t)Aifte bit)t)-cAC ceojl; 
bo peii)i) 'pjOl)!) At) BAjtft-buAS, 1 
A*f bO 5AHlft) po luAp a citotTj-ploj* 

21 2lilt)e fouAS-jeAl! a^ 3l l *MW e > 
At) Att)U\i& ip Afl leAc bjp be^-lAOC ; 
bo &ul a 5-coirb-5;liA8 t)A Iai)1), 
1)0 CAC coicceAi)i) Aft 5AC caoI>. 

21 5b|t*1Ui)e! A]t 2lili)e bA 5eAl pt)iiA8, 
1P Att)lAi8 ip cuibe Ait JAC cAob ; 

CfljOCAb 2 bO lAOCpiA 1)A b-'plAt)!), 

a'p cpiocAb tt)Ait iAb a 3-coiti)-5leic ? 
5<Ml in > cu^Ab bo cftjocAb Iaoc (Apt "5]\&]W)e), 

AH At) lentj 1)A t)-AOt)A(tAI) ; 

a'p joiiipeAbpA qrjocAb i)A b-"piAi)t), 
50 b-ci^Ajb CAC blA1) AJl C1)0C At) Alft ! 

1 DAttn-biiAh, sometimes called bcxntt ouaBajI. This and the bop?? 
phiAim, were the war-trumpets used by the Feuian chiefs to summon 
their troop3 to battle. 

2 CftjocAS, thirty. Here Ailne proposes to Grainne, that thirty com- 
batants a side should be chosen to decide the conflict, which number 
they .summoned forth in their turn — each calling the bravest hero or 
combatant in the ranks. Among the names of those 80 called, the fol- 
lowing bear a striking resemblance to some of those of the present day ; 
Thus — ConAtuvn, seems identical with the present Conran ; KiiAjcije, (writ- 
ten UuA|cine, in the copy consulted by us in the Royal Irish Academy), 



185 

0. Grainne advanced (o meet thein, 

And took gentle Ailne by the Land ; 

They walked together on the one path, 

And the two approached the front of the hosts. 

At the time that they reached us, 

Daire sounded the melodious music of battle ; 
Fionn sounded the Barr-buadh, 
And called in haste his mighty hosts. 

bright Ailne ! saith Grainne, 
Is it thy wish that two heroes, 
Should fight with their blades, 
Or a general battle on each side. 

Grainne ! saith Ailne of the bright countenance, 
It is thus it should be at either side, 
Thirty of the Fenian heroes, 
And thirty their match, to meet ! 

Call to thee thy thirty heroes (saith Grainne), 
On the plain by themselves, 
And I shall call thirty of the Fians, 
Till they give severe battle on Cnoc-an-air ! 

would go far to identify the name Renehan or Rooney ; CorsAjfte or Cor. 
3A|tcAC, now Cosgrave, is a name famous in Irish History (see Ossianic 
Trans. Vol. I.). e^t»l^in e may be the modern name Uficujle (Hurley) or 
lAflflAiee, O'Herlihy, whom Dr. O'Brien in his Irish Dictionary, at the end 
of the letter /, describes as chiefs of a district in the barony of Muskerry ; 
and also states that they were hereditary wardens of the Church of St. 
Gobnait, at Ballyvourney ; and were possessors for many years of the 
large parish of that name. Smith states that they were chiefs near Ma. 
croom. For an interesting account of this family see Conncllan's edition 
of the Four Masters, p. 199, note. 



186 

O. 21 T-\)u&]ib<\]t) ! Aft 2l|lt)e fijuAS-^eAl, 
bo cujc leb' l^|rh ao aotj lo, 
cftjujt A5uf ceAb jreAft caIttja rtjeAjt, 
cA||i|*e A3 cA3|tA6 Ab ceAi)i? sled ! 

21 3blAb^r» ! Afi "S]i<x]t)\)& 6|*&ftb, 
bo cu|c leb' lA]rb|*e at) aotj cac, 
eft} ceAb A5u|* **e jqjt b&A5, 
]*eA|*ri*A*8 Aft CAob fte t/aij*. 

21 2t)beAr)u|fi ! aji 2ljl*;e, rft|All le<\c, 
bo CU5C&& at) pjAb Tt^eArt o'r) c-f*l|Ab, 
le Iuaj* bo 8& con* lucTT?Aft cjiuAjb, 
t)] rrjeACA |f biiAl biqc 5I1A8. 

21 KuAjcr-e ! A|t 3l»*HtMje At? Sfilflt), 
t>] bT/tifpe^& t;ob' c|iO|5 at? ctvjoo&t), 
le be'tje bo c6|tt Aft lorr* luc, 
be]|i cl-fbe bo fub a 3-cottj-6a-1. 

21 CbOT)AftA|T) ! TJAft t;^3 |11ATT> 

crj^Tt) t)iv plACA'l fl&i) A3 Iaoc, 

b'Aji corbttowic leAC a 3-CAc \)& T^lco, 

TtjeAI'AITI) 3Ufl coiji CU 5l*0&AC. 

2i Cbof*3A|jte ! at,i o|tC\]i)i*c 30 teAi;i*, 
bo cujjtpeAb at) ceAi)i) bVoy-be'TT), 
rr)]le o't* 3-colu|t;i* b'trcAjtAT*'!) lift, 
5AbA|rr)f*e cu a 3-c6|ttt-31c|c. 

21 &A|ilA|*te ! t*a TT)5|t cfteAcc, 
bo cujx Aft cojtpA|b Iaoc le i*j*b ; 
II* Tt)eA|*CA 3ii|t cujbe 6»|c cftjAll, 
a'|* cuiii)T)i3 at; cftjujt bo ciijc ! 



187 

0. Thuardan ! saith Ailne, of the bright countenanco, 
There fell by thy hand in one day, 
One hundred and three mighty swift men, 
Come thou as leader in the fight ! 

Giabhan ! saith Grainne aloud, 
There fell by thy hand in one battle, 
Three hundred and sixteen men, 
Stand thou by his side. 

Meanuir ! saith Ailne, go forth, 
Thou that hast brought the swift deer from the hill ; 
By the swiftness of thy two fleet hardy legs, 
Cowardice is not thy character in battle. 

Ruaithne ! saith pleasant Grainne, 

Thou wouldst not crush the withered grass, 
When in pursuit [of the foe] by thy fleetnesa, 
Thou shalt match him in the conflict. 

Conaran ! who never left 
A bone nor a tooth sound in any hero 
"Who engaged thee in battle or conflict, 
I think thou shouldst be called ! 

Cosgaire ! saith Grainne firmly, 
Who would send the head by one blow 
From the body a mile of soft ground, 
I will have thee in the combat. 

Earlaire ! who left large scars, 
On the bodies of heroes with venom ; 
'Tis determined that thou shouldst go, 
And remember the Three who fell ! 



1SS 

O. <£)o bj at) bjf bo n)t)Aib yc]w, 

9l]li)c Asuf 3n<MT)T)e, beAt) fbl^t) ; 

A3 3AJTITT) *']• A3 C03A T)A b-peA|t, 

311T1 Ijot> cpiocAb 30 beAcc ati 3AC CAOjb. 

iD'ioijTjfuiTjeAbATi t)a cfi&in-piTi a c&ile, 
3<\c b]|* b^job a 3-c6]rb-3liA& c|iuai& ; 
a b-p6]|tceAi)r) at> caca t>]Oji tt)A]ti bo'i) Ijot), 
a PbAcjtAjc ! acc ti\x bo't) *Fb]&vy ! 

<t)'ATi b-qi|OCAibi)e bo tt)Aiti At) b^f, 
If y. at>t) n)0 CTiojbe 6 be]c bA luAb ! 
i)] cft&]3peAfi l|orr> tt)o tjtAcc 30 £0|ll, 
APbAtTtA]c! o't) K6|tt), Ai) CTte]b|TT) ctuiai&. 

21 1) CAT) bO COTJAJtC AT) lp))|A1)T), 
AT) CUlCjTT) 30 b]AT) ATI CAC, 
bO COjbAbATl Z]\] 3A|tCA 3ft|t)t), 

bA cloy a T?5l|i)i) a']* a i)-Aiib. 
21 2l|lue 3eAl-fi)uAb ! ati 3| l *Mt)i)e, 

If tt)STl AT) CAT* ATI 5AC CAob; 
A|t T)A Iaoc bA CJtUAb 3A|f3e, 
CTtJAll leAC 'f A TT)A|jtCAl)T) bob' bll|8]l). 

M] cpjAllpAb T^t) T)A ]Ab T-ub, 

a 3bp^1T)0O ! b'Aft i;-bii|cce pep), 

T)o 30 b-tu|ctqb fjAb 50 bepte, 

30 b-pA3Ajb b|b-T-cnt5 atx ai) b-^jr)!)! 

J Win"? &u ic, a 2l|lt)e ! i)A i)3oaI 5IAC, 

30 TT)'T*eATt|t 6]b TTAb bo'i) CO||t, 

50 Ttocciqi) blip b-cj|t Alu|t)t) frfiffl, 
T)6 pcAjt fS^il T)j TtACA]b beo ! 



ISO 

0. The two gentle women, 

Ailne and Grainne, the wife of Fionn, 

Were calling and choosing the men, 

Until exactly thirty were mustered at a side. 

The mighty men attacked each other, 

Each two of them in hand to hand conflict, 
At the close of the battle there only survived, 

Fatrick ! but two of the Fians ! 

Of our thirty the two survived, 
My heart is sick from its recital ! 

1 shall not cease my narrative yet, 

Patrick ! from Rome, of the harsh faith. 

When the Fians beheld 
The foe falling fast, 
They raised three cheerful shouts, 
Which were heard in valleys and on hills. 

Ailne bright ! saith Grainne, 
'Tis a sad case on both sides, 
The slaughter of the valorous heroes, 
Depart with what survives of thy hosts. 

Neither they nor I shall go, 

Grainne ! to our own country ; 
Till they fall to the last man, 
And are avenged of the Fians ! 

I tell thee, Ailne ! of the fair hands, 
That 'twere better for you to cease the pursuit, 
Till you reached your own fair country, 
Than that no one to bear tidings shall go alive ! 



190 

O. Hj tn]All buit)t), b'Ati b-qft, aii 2l|liie ! 
50 cuiqrt) b'^orTjlAt) Aft T*Iua5 ; 
t)o 30 Ti>-be]^eAnj l]t)t) a iHmojaI cac, 
ceAt)t) 'pbjW cjtuAb-lAti) a t^leo. 

21 i; cAt) bo cuaIa]6 |*Iua5 t)A b-"piAt)t), 
jlofi At)-ti)iAt)t)AC t)A tt)t)A "b ! 
bo feit)t) }-iot)t) At) BAUft-bitAb, 
A 3 3^ IT 1 "? A f^ lA 5 T ? A clujb. 

'iDo c|tu|t)r)^3eATi)A|t 6 5AC Attb bo'i) ct)oc, 
at) n)6]b bo b] Ait lACA^Tt At)t) ; 
a bubAijit 'pjorjt) bo juc Afib l|t)t), 
coitbt^leo a'-j* b^o^Al bjb Arjoif 50 ceAtitj. 

Nj JtAlb AJIf A|8 T)A 65IAC rtieAjl, 

bo f-luAi^cib CAlrt)A cti68a fhw) ', 
t)A]t 5IAC 50 pjtAp Attn) a'|* 6]be, 

A' |* CAC 3AT) |*CAOt)Ab ttjAft. |*]t)1). 

21 2l|ltie f"TiuAb-5eAl ! ]y bojlb liott), 
bo ttAib p|oi)t) t)A 3-c]tuA6-jleo ; 
5eAllA]rr) buic a'|* i)j slop bu&^e, 
i)AC rr)A|ftpeA& A5Ab Aor) t)eAc bed ! 

<Do fep)t) "piorjt) Ai)t) ftr> ofAjtb, 
At) <t)6nb le 3&Jtt-30ltr) curt) ^leo; 
b'|Oi)t)|*ui5eAbAtt a cejle 6 3<nc CAob, 
a']* bo ^eAjtAb At) cn^At) cac 50 bjAi)! 

UcT), a Pb^cTtA|C ! bob' & fub ai) cac, 
bA cft6|t)e a']* bA CAlrt)A Iait) 3I1A16 ; 

b'A|t CU5A& 6 CUf At) bOlt)Alt), 

A'f bo'l) |tjOJAJI) COA1)l) bA bobjtoi) ! 



191 

0. We shall not proceed to our country, saith Ailne ! 
Till all our hosts shall fall ; 
Or that we bring in revenge 
The head of Fionn, the firm hand in battle. 

When the Fenian hosts had heard, 
The hostile declaration of that woman, 
Fionn sounded the Barr-buadh, 
To summon his hosts in his presence. 

We mustered from all parts of the hill, 
Such of us as were present there ; 
Fionn saith in a loud tone, 
Battle with vengeance now proclaim. 

There was not an aged nor an active hero, 
Of the mighty warrior hosts of Fionn, 
Who did not instantly take arms and armour, 
And the foe without faltering did likewise. 

Ailne the bright ! I much regret, 
Saith Fionn of the hardy deeds ; 
I promise thee, and 'tis no falsehood, 
That one shall not be left alive to you ! 

Fionn then vehemently sounded, 
The Dord with a call for vengeance to the fight ; 
They attacked each other at either side, 
And the battle was fought furiously ! 

Alas, Patrick ! that was the battle, [flict, 

The fiercest and the mightiest of hand to hand con- 
That was fought since the beginning of the world, 
And to the stubborn princess 'twas disastrous ! 



192 

O. <t)o CftlA.ll OfCU|t A b-CU|f t)A b^ANt), 

a']* a lAt)t) l|on)CA t)A 8eAf* bojb ; 

30 flAT)5AbA|l £e|t) ASUf* CAC, 

An lejfi5 At) Aifi a']* At) c6|TT7f3le6, 
21 Pb&cftAfC ! T)^ cAi)A]rt) acc tfofi, 

C]A 3Ufl CflUA8-lArbAC 3T)]OTT)AC CAC J 

bo ru^ceAbAfi u]le lejr At) b-"p|At)t), 

ACC CfllUfl, A'f At) flj03A]1) Art)A|t) ! 

<t)o cu]c f At) 3-CAc ub bA 5Aftb b|At), 
bo liot) fluA3 t)A- b-'pjAt)!) £&1') 5 
be^crjeAbAfi a']* f& ceAb £eAU, 
bO IaOCUA bA 3Aflb 5l]A]b ! 

O'ltDCis At) ftiosAit) 'x At) cnii'tn ub, 
a'] 4 t)fon b-peA|* bujrjt) ca'ji 3AbA& led; 
bA bubAC fAb An a b-cn|All, 
cfe An i)Ari)Aib ^Ab ! bA bobnot) ! 

2I3 y |t) cjvjoc At) caca cnuA]b, 

a Pb^cnAfc t)UAb!' i)A rtj-bACAl rn-bAn ; 

6 fit) Art)AC bO bA1]*C At) "pl)|At)t), 
Afl At) 3"Ct)OC fO f]A|t Ct)OC At) A^l ! 

P. jwir bujt)t), a Oirjt) ! 3At) 30, 

t)A Iaocua cnobA bo'n pb|At)t) ; 

A 1)-&A3t1)Air At) Cn^OCAb CA]b, 

bO CUJC fAt) An Afl At) 3"Cl)OC fO f*|A|l ? 

O. T^uAnu|*3bAil bo beAjtAb bujc, 

An 3AC pniort)-ceAuc 5A[tb Iaoc ; 

bo cujc An At) 5-ct)oc ne cac, 

A'f ^ e ir AT ^ b-freA]i bAt)A, "Ca|Ic n)AC Cfiftjij ? 

• 1 XI 1)h*cr>*ic ijUAb, Patrick newly arrived. This phrase is very 
common in Ossianic poetry when St. Patrick's name is introduced, and 
it goes far to show that these compositions were written immediately on 



193 

O. Oscur went forth at the head of the Fians, 
With his polished sword in his right hand, 
Until they and the foe met, 
On the field of slaughter and conflicts. 

Patrick ! I relate but the truth, 
Though the foe were hardy and fierce, 
They all fell by the Fians, 
Except three and the princess herself. 

There fell in that severe and fierce battle 
Of the Fenian hosts, 
Six hundred and ten men, 
Heroes who were valiant in fio-ht. 



*o 4 



The princess and the three departed, 
And we know not whither they went ; 
Sorrowful they were at parting, 
And, O Patrick of the clerics, 'twas sad ! 

Thus ended the severe contest 

O Patrick, of the white croziers, lately come ; 

Henceforth the Fians named 

This hill westwards, the hill of slaughter ! 

P. Relate to us, Oisin ! without guile, 
The mighty heroes of the Fians, 
Besides the noble thirty [men] 
Who fell in the slaughter on the hill of battles ! 

0. An account I shall give thee 

Of the history of each robust hero, 

That fell on the hill by the foe, 

And by that daring man Tailc mac Treoin. 

the Saint's arrival in Ireland, modern as the language and phraseology of 
the compositions may appear to us of the present day. 
13 



<Do cufc Aft ci)oc At) Ajft, le rl u ^5b ^ObeA^A^b- 



O. *T)o CUfC Afl AT) 5"CT)OC fO f 1A|t, 

Cot)t) CfAbfiAC bA 5Aftb 5le6; 

bo b'reAjtfi U\ri) A'r t)eAjtc a i)5l|A8, 

1)A CAC Oe C]A IcAC If tTJOJl! 

Jp At)t) bo cufc \ If bforT)bA& Ifon), 

<t)ftAllA8 plAT)t), bA bltAt) A 5-CAC ; 

aV b']rt)|te6cA6 Aft luc A lAtt) 50]0tb, 
le ttjac <De bf A*f t>i qubftAS ceAb. 

)y At)t) bo cu|c 'f VT cjtuAJ l]t)t), 
LuAi^Ar) ~5&o\x vo- b-cnotr) Iaijij; 

bO CU5A& At) CO|tC o'l) C-flfAb, 

le fttqc lAt) 8fAT) A jAjtbbAll. 

jf At)t) bO CU]C CflUA3At) CAltt)A, 

b'iceA& At) n^Afic At)t) AOt) p|toit)r); 

A'r &A n^qb JjAITtTJjl) bo't) AftAt), 

a']* bA njAijieAS bA £nA]t) le|r cleff! i)A Kort)A ! 

Jy At)i) bo cu]C CaoI LuA^ueAC n)eAjt, 
Ajt luc bA luAfce 1)A At) 5AOC ; 

ClA|t1)At) t)A 5-CneACC Ut)t) CftUAl8, 

bA tt)AnaeA8, i)]on fuA^nc bob' cle]]i ! 

Jp At)t) bo ciqc 'DojtcAt) rt)eAft, 
bob' freAnji a 5-CAc t)A <D|A ub ; 
bo jeA|t|tA8 t)A cufup A*f i)A ct)An)A, 
A'r bo |tO|t)t)eA8 At) c-AftAt) 50 b-»l*> 



NAMES OF THE PRINCIPAL FENIAN HEROES 

THAT FELL ON ONOC-AN-AIR, BY THE TROOPS OF MEARGACH. 



0. There fell on this western hill 

Conn Ciabhrach the fierce in battle ; 
Of firmer hand and might in conflict, 
Than God's hosts of whom thou boasteat! 

'Twas there fell, and my grief! 
Dralladh Flann, who was firm in the fight, [arms , 
And who would play in regard of agility and feats of 
With the son of the living God, and would not suc- 
cumb. 

And my grief! 'twas there fell, 

Luanan, the wise, of the heavy spears ; 
Who would bring the wild boar from the hill, 
By the great swiftness of his robust limb3. 

'Twas there mighty Cruagan fell, 
Who would devour a cow at one meal, 
With forty cakes of bread, 
Had he lived how he would hate the Roman clerics ! 

'Twas there Caol the swift fell, 
Who in swiftness was fleeter than the wind ; 
And Ciarnan inflicter of severe wounds ; 
Had they lived it would not be pleasant to thy clerics. 

'Twas there Dorcan the nimble fell, 

Who was stronger in battle than thy God, 
Who hacked bodies and bones, 
And cheerfully did share the bread. 



196 

O. )x At?*) bo cu]c CaoI biiAijAc rtjeAjt, 

BohjAijte, SeAfic, A5uf CfiiAS^t); 1 
ceAcjtAjt 3Ajib bo lAocA^b c|iuaiS, 
njo 8Aci;AO]b ^Ab UAirr; Aft y<\\) ! 

)X At)tj bo cuic L1A5AI) rx)\\) 5^3, 
bA cljpce aY bA cfi&At) a 3-cAC ; 
a'j* bo b] A3 pfieA|*CAl ua b-"p]At)t), 
30 ^inn^S* "T 1 ? tt*N» ^ A f eA *- 

Jf AT)t) bO CU]C 2t)eA1)5*Vt) CAOtn, 

bA cojiCAftCA bejrn a b-cftorr) sleo ; 
2t)eAr)bu|fte A5uj* CiAt;AbC\r>, CAlrrjA, 

C|t]U|l bA TT)6jt TT)v\1C 5 At) 56 ! 

)y Ai)t) bo cu|c Lon^Ajrie bA cfteAi), 
C|A|ibAi) bot)u bA ctjeAfbA rrjejw ; 

3A|l3<Xt> bO CO|*3A|tCAC Cl)Att)A, 
2t)]At)At7 a']* ^DoOp-TjlAJpe bA CAOTT). 

Jf At;i) bo cujc Ce]|t]t) 2 coy caoI, 
CfiuAbAT) a'i* 2lob r>A t)-6fi rpeAr)i), 
c|t]A|t bob' pA||tnt)3 cA]l a'|* clii, 
a'|* bA ri7A]c luc a r^leo t>a Ur)t). 

)y AT)T) bo cujc "pollArbAr) btlAbAC 
BiofAi), LiiAife, <t)AO|fe a']* I.A13 ! 
CA]t}ce, I^oijat), a']- ^Aiue feirb- 
t D|iuilleA6, BIaoS, A3uf CeAt)t)CA][t. 

J|* At)i) bo in]z Cufti)&t) bcobA, 

Koi3i)e, oloiftoe, CjAjt a'|- BjtAb ; 

Be All A] fie, CuutTjjT), a' 1* 2t)eAi)ubat) rtjeAft, 

tAij-tje, "pftAOc, N|aII aV O^r* 

1 CniA5^t). This name is similar to the present O'Cregan, and pro- 
bably the Ulster family of that name descended from him. 



197 

0. Twas there Caol the poetic and swift fell, 
Bolgaire, Searc, and Criagan ; 
Four stout and hardy heroes, 
Alas that they are away from me ! 

'Twas there fell Liagan of the smooth limbs, 
The active and mighty in battle ; 
He who entertained the Fians, 
Plentifully, freely, and generously, in his time. 

'Twas there gentle Meangan fell, 

Whose blow was deadly in fierce battle, 

Meanduire and Cianadan the brave, 

Three of great worth, without exaggeration ! 

'Twas there the mighty Lorgaire fell, 

Ciardan the brown [haired] of gentlest disposition, 
Gargan the hacker of bones, 
Mianan and Donn-ffhlaire the mild. 



O' 



'Twas there Ceirin, the slender-legged, fell, 
Cruadan and Aedh, of the goldeu diadems 
Three whose fame was wide spread, 
And who were expert in the fight of spears. 

'Twas there the victorious Follamhan fell, 
Biosan, Luaise, Daoise, and Laig; 
Cainte, Lionan, and Gaine the gentle, 
Druilleadh, Blaodh, and Cionntair. 

'Twas there fell Curnan the lively, 
Roighne, Gloirne, Ciar and Brad, 
Beallaire, Cuirnin, and Meanndan the swift, 
Laisne, Fraoch, Niall and Glas. 

2 Ceinfo- There are numerous families in Ireland, at the present day 
bearing this name. 



198 



i 



O. )y &t)\) bo tiifc 21)uaUm; tja ij-e^cc, 

a 5-cjtuA&50|l tja 5-cAC bA ceAurj; 
A5iif lortMb ejle, a Pb&tjiAic miAb ! 
i?ac b-pu|l|ti) bA Iua6 at;oh* atjii. 

P. ) \)v>\ x &*"? 0]f\\), n)'<x\ cuirtjp;) leAC, 

c'a'ti cji|a11a6 Isac a'x lefp ai) b-'peitji; J 

T<\Jl b~p^5bJV]l At) A|t-CT)01C 6)b, 

leAr) 30 -pfoji a'[* r)A car) b]ie<v5 ! 

0. <t)o criu|r)i)eAn?A]ri Aft 5-co|t; 'f<vri i)5A&A]ri, 
a cl6]riic j:6 ^e|6]ni, a't* t)| bft&A5; 
bo luAbrtitqri u|le bul bo fe^lj, 
A|i bftUAC a't* Art lc|ti5 1.oca L&iri. 

)l* £AbA rrjife, a Pb&cjiAic T)ua6 ! 
5AI) beACA A5 Iua& buic t*5&aI ; 
r)] cofrbuil leAC t)A leb' <Db|A, 
5u|i Ab iot)tr)uiT)e l|b cliAft t;A rtie ! 

P. TAbAiji cuAitu|*5bAil da f e 1^3 e 6u|i?o^ 

a Oiriu ! <m* r u io v°v c-iroc^ij ; 

lijij]]* bui^t) Ai)rr)Ar)t)A i)A 5-coi) fAOice, 
a't* tja i)5<x8a|i b<v b|i)t) 511c a'|* 5&J ji. 

O. 21 PbC\C|tA]C ! bo jeAbAit) 50 Ia At) bflAC, 

ihjccacc a'i* c|t<\cc Afi At; b-^ejtop ; 
A|ji A]t 5-cor)A]b, A'r* ati i)5AbA]ri guc-bjijtj, 
uc ! if* c|tiiA5 At; bjc a bejc bA r>be|r '• 

1 Aliter, ')<* t)-eac, of the Bteods. 



109 

0. 'Twas there fell Mualan of the exploits, 
In the midst of the battle's rage ; 
And many more, recent Patrick ! 
That I cannot now name. 

P. Tell me, Oisin, if thou rememberest, 
Where you and the Fenians went ; 
When ye left the slaughter hill, 
Relate truly, and tell no lie ! 

0. We gathered our hounds and dogs, 

Cleric in want ! and 'tis no falsehood, 

We all agreed to go and hunt, 

On the banks and plains of Loch Lein. 

Long am I, OP atrick, lately arrived ! 
Without food, telling thee tales ; 
'Tis not likely that thou and thy God, 
Would be fonder of the clerics than of me. 

P. Relate to us an account of the chase, 

Oisin ! and leave off thy complaining ; 
Tell us the names of the high-bred hounds, 
And the dogs most melodious in voice and cry. 

0. Patrick ! I could till doom's day, 
Go on and tell about the Fians, 
Of our hounds and melodious dogs, 
Alas ! how sorrowful to live after them ! 



sejis to cd 2i tejM. 



o. 5i iiA ir e " vr ^ AO i & ^ e M ) M 01 ^ &0 wait 1 * 

CAjt 'e]x caca At) A|jt bo't) b-)-e]uo; 

50 |iAt;5ArrjA]|t At) f A]cce feA't-^lAf iib, 

A|t bfiUAC C]urbj*Aib tocA tefi). 1 

Jf e fjt) at? loc if &]lije r3 6 1"?- 
biv b-pu|l po'i) t)5|ieit) 50 beAcc ; 

If ]OtT)8A t*COfl AC& o't) b-'pejT)!), 

Ai)i) 5 At) bfie|3 a b-CA'fse a t)0cc ! 

P. Jt)t)ir bup)t), A 0|nu F6]l| 

ciot)i)Af b'pAt) o't) b-"pe]t)t) |*ai) loc ; 

c|A aco 6ft t)6 A]|i5eAb e, 

A'f cjteAb at) ce]tr) bo msoe a 601*5. 

O. 2lc& At)T) fl'lb fAT) cAob iu&]&, 

CAO^Ab lu|fieAC 50|ltT) slaf, 
ACA AT)1) f*Al) CA0b | ; 1,A|t, 
CA05Ab clojAb A1) AOt) IcACC. 

1 loc le|t), Loch Lein. This was the ancient name of tire lakes of 
Ivillarney in Kerry, retained to the present day. The O'Cearbhaills 
or O'Carrolls, of the race of Aedh Beannan, king of Minister, were 
chiefs of tliis district, and had their residence there; but the O'Donn- 
chadhas, (of the second branch of whom The O'Donohoe, M.P., is the 
present lineal representative) ; who were originally seated in the plain 
of Caiseal (Casheil), having settled at Loch Lein, dispossessed and 
reduced the O'Carrolls, with other families descendants of Conaire Mor, 
and erected a new territory, to which was given the name Eoganacht 
Locha Lein ; and afterwards Eoganacht Ui Dhonnchadha. One of the 
live prerogatives of the king of Minister, was to remain to enjoy the 
it of Loch Lein from one Monday to another; and, according to the 
poet Bcnean or Benignus, who is said to have been a disciple of St. 



THE CHASE OF LOCH LEIN 



0. We proceeded, such of the Fians as survived, 
After the battle of the great slaughter, 
Till we reached the verdant plain, 
On the banks and borders of Loch Lein. 

This is the lake — the fairest to be seen, 
That is under the sun truly ; 
Many treasures belonging to the Fians, 
Are in it, doubtless, secured this night. 

P. Relate to us, generous Oisin, 

How they were left by the Fians in the lake, 
Or whether it be gold or silver, 
And what it is that detains it there ? 

0. There are there in the northern side [of the lake] 
Fifty blue-green coats of mail ; 
There are in the western side, 
Fifty helmets in one pile ! 

Patrick, the king of Loch Lein was exempt from paying tribute to the 
king of Caiseal. Here are his words; — 
" p|l cnj tM5A a 2t)uii)Aii) TTjom, 

a (5)^'^n b0 cbAini Pi com, 
nj 3Abnix]tj nj 5AbchA|t 5&7U, 
nj RAjchleAnft, nj lAch* l&|n." 

There are three kings in great Mumha, 
Whose tribute to Caiseal is not due ; 
The king of Gabhran whose hostages are not to be seized on 
The king of Rathleann, the king of Loch Lein. 

leAbAfi ha 5-CeAftc, pp. 58, 59. 

The following stipends were given by the king of Caiseal to the king of 
Loch Lein : — Seven steeds, seven drinking horns, and seven shields, and 
seven hounds (lb. pp. G8, ()9). And at pp. 256, 257> (Idem), we find the 



202 

O. 21ca Apr; j*ai) CAob ceAf, 

beic 5-ceAb clo]8eArb leACAi} 31at), 
bejc 3-ceAb rsjAC a']* ao Dojtb 'PblAijt), 

a'|* At} BAftyt-bllAb ATI AOt) ]tiAr>. 

2lcA Apr) fAt) CAob fo|tt, 

6|t aY eAbAc 50 leojt, a'|* 301I ; 
fcori bob' iort)AricAc le riAb, 

C|5eAb A 3-C&IT) 3AC lA CATl TT)U||t. 

Cia bo|li3 bo feATjojri t)a p-beois, 
a Pb^c|t<\|c ! pAO] bjior) bA Iua6, 
a |tA|b A5uit)o bo cot)A]b fAO]ce, 
a't* bo jAbAift 3uc-b]r;rj bo TjeAbAiri uAirrj. 

<Do by AT)t) SseolAtj A5Uf BftAl}, 1 
lort)A]rie, Bftob, A5u|* Lorrj-luc, 
cui5 corjA a b-ciif feil^e A V "5V]owa, 
t)Ac p5A]tAb cojbce le y-]or)v ! 

<t)o b] A5 fioprj bo 5A&ATt<\]b b]t)t)e, 
UAjctfjtij Bpio^rbAri, A5uf UAjU-beo ; 
SceAlUnte BeACCATjte aY c D]Ar)-rt^r', 
CAllAyrie, ) r iAbrr;Arj aY S3]ATtld3. 

4)0 bj A|5e 2l)At;Airie A3uj* "CjieAij, 
tuAf, Saocajx, SeAjtc aY Cu<\|rib, 

KAbAi|ie, '5]i]M)1\r), ASiif 'puAirt). 
following awards granted by the king of Caiscal to the king of Loch 

Lein ! — 

"&o ni l*cbA le|i) lebAiri 

blJ5l& cunjAio chajribeAtijA|l, 

FIC) b6 ACUf W c bl ©AC, 

ficbl I005 &6 — fji spocb bfiCAcb." 

To the king of extensive Loch Lein, 
Is due a friendly return, 
Twenty cows and twenty steeds, 
Twenty ships to him — no bad award. 

See also Windcle's Notices of Cork and Killarney, and Mrs. Hall's Hand- 
book for Killarnetj. 



203 

0. There are in the southern side 

Ten hundred broad and glittering swords ; 
Ten hundred shields and the Dord Fhiann, 
And the Barr-buadh likewise . 

There is in the eastern side 

Gold and raiment in plenty, and spoils, 

Treasures too many to describe, 

That came afar each day across the sea. 

Though [it be] doleful for an old man living after them, 
Patrick ! to be in sorrow recounting them, 
The names of all our well-bred hounds, 
And melodious dogs you will get from me. 

We had there Sgeolan and Bran, 
Lomaire, Brod, and Lom-luth ; 
Five hounds foremost in the chase and actions 
That never parted Fionn ! 

Fionn had of melodious dogs, 
Uaithnin, Brioghmhar, and Uaill-bheo; 
Steallaire, Reachtaire, and Dian-ras, 
Callaire, Fiadhman, and Sgiarlog. 

He had also Manaire and Trean, 
Luas, Saothar, Searc and Cuaird ; 
Banduir, Cathbuadh, aud Liasan. 
Radaire, Grianan, and Fuaim. 

1 Here Oisin relates to St. Patrick the names of the principal hounds 
which the Fenians brought from Cnoc-an-air ; and if we are to rely upon 
the category, many of the names have something significant about them ; 
— For instance — Brioghmhar, signifies the strong or vigorous; Uaill- 
bheo, a lively howl ; Steallaire, spatterer ; Dian-ras, swift in the chase ; 
Trean, strong ; Luas, swift ; Saothar, expeditious ; Searc, affection ; 
Cuaird, to go on an errand ; Cath-bhuadh, victorious in battle ; Radaire, 
pleasing; Grianan, sunbright ; Fuaim, noise ; Lom-bhall, bare-limbed: 
Monaran turf-ranger ; Feargach, wrathful ; lias, race. 

The classical reader will, no doubt, recollect a similar enumeration of 



204 

O. <t)o bj Ai5e lorn-bAll A3U|* 2t)or)AtiAr), 
peAt^AC, fe^]iA\), Botjt) A5uf RAf, 
Ct?A5Ai|te, "peirtjo, ^uy BAll-uri, 
2t)AllA]fie, T^tteAt)-luc ^511^ R]t)r)-bA|i. 

<Do bj A|5e pop 'DuArjAij rrjeAjt, 
SuAtjAt), BeAttc, A5uf "peall, 
LeA5A|]te, Vo\i&]]ie, A3ut* Sl]ornAt), 
C\\]i]]ie, LAttbAjtAt), A5u|* 3 6 aU. 

215 y\X) A5A&|*A A PrjACftAIC bA|t) ! 

At? Ijot) cot) Ailtje a'f 5A8A|t cftfeAr) ; 

bo ]tu5 "pjOT^r) 6 ctjoc At) Aijt, 

50 le]|t5 a']* 50 fleAf A]b Loca L6it). 

'Do bj A5 Ofcup. bo f*AO|c cor>A|b, 

"peAb A3U]* "pof*CAi5, CIuaii) a']* pAobAji ; 
2l|pe, 2t)ifte, "pAijte, *'r tuAf, 
OaoI, 5f lu Airt), pjofi a'i* CaoI. 

<Do bj 't)A T)-bA]l bo 5A&ftAib bitjtje, 
CleAt-, "pjlleAb, 2^ai3, A V ^ U <M3> 

2UcAt), "pAftJlAlflC, SjC-C|tUA]b A*f 3eA|t]t, 

< DfiAt)Aifie, Kejrt), ObAi)r> a'j* Cuai), 

<Do bj A)5e Lo|t5A]|te, *pe|ceArb a']* Botjt), 
Co|*5A]|te, ^eArt), BuaIcAi), a']* 'ptiAoc, 
CeA^At), 2t)cAt)3, PpeAbAi]xe, a'|* Pjat), 

SqiACAIfte, HjAI), 31°PAt) A'}* CAOtt). 

<Do bj A3 "pAolAt) bo cot)Aib A|ltje, 

21i)-UaiII ATjibAjt, UajU A3iif Toj*ca|3, 

BoqtcAi), "pOAtt)Ai|te, CaoIaij a'|* Cuac, 

'DaoIAi;, SuAi), 2l|ifi a f } r oc|u\rt). 

tlie names of Acteon's dogs, that pursued their master, transformed into 
a stag by the goddess Diana, in punishment for having surprised her 
whilst bathing with her nymphs (Ovid's Metamorphoses, lib. iii.) The 
Latin poet, however, is neither so tedious nor so unvarying in his enu- 
meration, as the Irish bard, in the present instance, for having given 
distinctive characteristics to his dogs. He breaks off with the words: — 



20o 

0. He had Loin-bhall, and Monaran, 

Feargach, Fearan, Bonn and Has, 
Cnagaire, Feirin, and Ball-ur, 
Mallaire, Trean-luth, and Rinn-bhar, 

He had likewise Duanan the swift, 
Suanan, Beart, and Feall ; 
Leagairc, Foraire, and Sliomhan, 
Crithire, Larbharan, and Geall. 

Ilere thou hast, Patrick ! the fair [haired] 
The number of fine hounds and stout dogs, 
Which Fionn brought from Cnoc-an-air, 
To the plains and borders of Loch Lein ! 

Oscur had of true bred hounds 

Fead and Fostaigh, Cluain and Faobhar, 
Aire, Mire, Faire and Luas, 
Daol, Gruaim, Fior and Gaol. 

He had along with them of melodious dogs 
Cleas, Filleadh, Maig and Ruaig, 
Altain, Farraire, Sith-chruaidh and Gearr, 
Dranaire, Reim, Obann and Cuan. 

He had Lorgaire, Feitheamh and Bonn, 
Cosgaire, Feam, Bualtan and Fraoch, 
Cealgan, Meang, Preabaire and Pian, 
Stracaire, Rian, Gloran and Caouih. 

Faolan had of fine hounds 
An-Uaill the lucky, Uaill and Fostaigh, 
Barcan, Feamaire, Caolan and Cuach, 
Daolan, Suan, Arr, and Fothram. 

" Quosque referre mora est." — Lib. iii., v. 225. 

In some of our modern Anglo-Irish hunting songs and ballads, the names 
of the dogs of the chase are likewise given. Can it be that our bards 
and song-writers followed a classical model, without a consciousness of 
the fact? 



200 
O. too bj A]5e bo JA&jiAib b]t)t)-5l6ftAC, 

C0I5AP, }-Af5<v, T^rjorbAr; A'f CjteAc, 
^l^-fSniOT) TPeAll, lUill-biT)D, a't* tents- 

430 bj A^e pof 5l*1ti | J A V BeolAij, 

"CftuA&o^r), C^Aitbocc, A3u|* Ci<\t)-cu<\ijtb, 

OcCAt), joljllAUt, pleAS, A3Uf "pOfCAIS. 

too bj A5 3°H &0 corjAib f Ao^ce, 

5luAj|te, B103A, CjteACC a'j* 2l]|tc ; 
C]Ar), Fa8a]ic, &]fbeAcc a'j* Pajiic, 
'CjteArj-luc, B^ifte, &iqoll a'f }-eAf. 

too bj A^e "puUtjs A3uf 6Abficrr>, 
T^uAfiAr), 6/A5A, A311J* "CeAi^ij; 
2ijtb-leirt), S^|t-|tuic, A3Uf JtijcjAt), 
3<x^bAtj, )-|<nU, A3u|* LeAijAt). 

too bj A|5e bo 5A6jtA]b uA]U-b|t)r), 
Bo5-l6|rr), S5JC, 5°lar; A 3ur Cojjt, 
SeAjib&r>, ^P * 3- "*!^ A 3 u f SeACjiAij, 
"pOTjluAirrj, 'peAb-^Ant, A3uf KArjcofft. 

too bj Ai5e pof 2t)A0il|r) b^ t>rj, 

TuAft3Anae, R103, A3U|* 2lrr)AUr), 

to|tAUA]fte, NjTTJ-piACAll, A3Uf ScftACA, 

CluAt)<x]fte, TDftorn-TjeAftft, A5uf* SeAjtc&t?. 

too bj bo cot) Aib A3 2t)Ac Lu^Acb, 1 
SeAbAC, Lu]i)3eAC, A5Uf 6||tle<\c ; 
2t)6fi-cAir), Currj&T), A3U|* "puAftrtjA, 

2lolAT}, S5UAbA, A3Uf "pAob^fl 

1 2f)ac liiSAcf). This Fenian chief was son of Daire Dcarg, son of 
Fionn Mac Cunihaill. His mother's name was Luiglicach— so called 
from luigh, to swear, because all the females belonging to his household 
swore that she was a daughter of Fionn. Hence he was called Mac Lu- 



207 

0. He had of melodious dogs 

Marbhan, Forfhogra, Fiar and Teilig, 
Colgan, Fasga, Finomhan and Creach, 
Leir-sgrios, Feall, Uaill-bbinn and Leirg. 

He had also Glaisin and Beolan, 

Formaoil, Ciarbhan, Gluais and Lorg, 
Truadhnan, Ciarbhocht and Cian-clmaird, 
Ochtan, Iolghuair, Fleagh and Fostaigh. 

Goll had of noble hounds 

Gluaire, Bioga, Creacht and Aire, 
Cian, Radharc, Eisdeacht and Pairt, 
Trean-luth, Baire, Eitioll and Feas. 

He had also Fulang and Eadrora, 
Fuaran, Eaga, and Teanan, 
Ard-leim, Sar-ruith, and Imchian, 
Garbhan, Fiall, and Leanan. 

He had of melodious dogs 

Bogleim, Sgith, Golan and Toir, 
Searbhan, Grod-uaill, and Seachran, 
Foghluaim, Fead-ghair, and Rantoir. 

He had likewise Maoilin the melodious, 
Tuargaire, Ring, and Amalan, 
Dranaire, Nimh-fhiacail, and Straca, 
Cluanaire, Trom-ghearr, and Searcan. 

Mac Lughach had of hounds 

Seabhac, Luingeach, and Eirleach, 
Mor-than, Cuman, and Fuarma, 
Aolan, Sguaba, and Faobhar. 

gliach, after his ruothei's name; because it was considered disgraceful 
to call him after his father. It was Lughaidh Lamlia the Momonian that 
struck Fionn at the feast in the palace of Tara. Vide Agallamh na Sean. 
oiridh, or Dialogue of the Sages. 



208 

O. too b] A^e bo 5A8|tA]b beobA, 

LuAbft^r), SeoUb, A3Uf CACAb ; 
Cul-fAOfi, 2t)|oi)-5A]]te, 45117 ScuAirr?, 

B|Ab&r), BftUACAjft, A5Uf CAfA8. 

too b] A]5e pof JorpUr) CjauAij, 
CAO|i&r>, touAiftc, A5tif Cu]le65. 
2lft5u|r>, B]teAC-bAll, A^uf toutjuifi, 
2t)eAji-bAll, "p]OT)r»&ui|t, A5Uf* C|tiif*l63. 

too h] A3 21)ac Kot)Ain 3|tii)i}, 
bo cot)A]b luA]te A5u|* fAOice, 
CuAtj-co|rt)6A&, A5uf 2t)ACA]|te rpeA|t, 
Crj^TT^Ac, UftlAC, A5111* 3 A °]ce. 

too b] Ai5e yoy N]Art7ftAc Iua^c, 
2l|t)rbeAft, CuAjpc, A3uj* N<jaI, 
BoIac, LAb|tu|p, Ajuf B0I3 reAr>3, 
2t)eAt)trm|t), peAm, ^up CjiAOpc. 

too b] A^e bo TjAbjtA^b po^luAirntjeAC, 
CjtAipleijt, Suatj, A5iif "Coirs; 
Cu]i;t)e, 3"^5^^ toocc, a'j* to6|c, 
BuAtjAtj, "poitt, A5iif poire- 

too b] A]5c touA]xb^y A5111* St)*p, 
\.ow&V, Cac, A3U|- CAOfSuft ; 
CA|b'itj, 3eAlar;, a'|* Liu\|c-3loAf, 

pOICjlJ, BeAf, A3U|* Bao||*c. 

too bj A)3e pop 3 A 1 l ^- UA l^ 5&A|i, 

"pUA|C|l), "CAOrtJAb, A3UJ* LojtC&TJ, 

2Upu|fie, 5lub-5*Wj A 3 u r CeAjtc, 
Cuatjajji, BoyuUlce, A311J* UAnjiuj. 



209 

O. He had of sprightly dogs 

Luadran, Seoladh, and Tacadh, 
Cul-saor, Mion-ghaire, and Stuaim, 
Biadan, Bruachair, and Casadh. 

He had likewise Iomlan the hardy, 
Caoran, Duairc, and Cuileog, 
Arguin, Breac-bhall, and Dunuir, 
Mear-bhall, Fionnduir, and Truslog. 

Mac Ronain the social had, 
Of swift and noble hounds, 
Cuan-choimead, and Machaire the swift, 
Cnamhach, Urlach, and Gaoithe. 

He had also Niamhrach the swift, 
Ainmhear, Tuairt, and Neall, 
Eolach, Ladruin, and Bolg the slender, 
Meanmhuin, Feara, and Traost. 

He had of well bred dogs 
Craipleir, Suan, and Toisg, 
Cuinne, Guagan, Docht, and Doith, 
Buanan, Foir, and Foisg. 

He had Duardan and Snap, 
Loman, Cath, and Caosgur, 
Caibin, Gealan, and Luaith-ghleas, 
Foithin, Beas, and Baoise. 

He had also Garbh-uaill the sharp, 

Fuaithin, Taomadh, and Lorcan, 

Alpuire, Grod-ghair, and Tearc, 

Cuanair, Bonnlaice, and Uamhan. 
14 



210 

O. <Do bj A3 ( t)|A|trt)u|b 0' ( Dit|bt)e, 

bo cor)A]b f AO|ce a lorrj luc, 
C6|f|]t Nojuji) A5iif 3eA]t-leAt)A 
toujlleoT, l,6|,T?pAbA, A5iif Clujb. 

<Do bj A]5e bo 5A8|SA]b I'ejlje, 
CuaIai;, Lo|ji5eAc, Ajuf ol&pij, 
<t)ub-rue|8]ri), ] r oUAj|ie, A5uf Jajijiacc., 
*;-(u\|icCvi;, 3ku'?<MT ie > A^uf 21oi)A]tAi;. 

&J I] bo cot;A]b A3 3-^f* CAorb, 

OjteAbA||te, Soa]*3, A3up 2l)5|t-6A]l, 
LitAbAij, Burjj'Ac, SeAr>3A|jte, a'|* CjhaII, 
Loji3^;), Sc|aIIa|jis, a 5 up 'CjtCvccAij. 

l t)0 bj bO 3A&flA]b A]36 T)A b-pOCA]U, 

JaIIaij, Co|*5Ai|t, I^jisAp A3up "CjunjAb ; 
C]m;v\t), ^^l^bjij, "PaIIa A3u|* "CjieAi;, 
RjAnjAi;, Seifice, Bajic A311P Cjtii. 

'Do bj A3 FeAji3iir pile pblUD, 
bo couA^b bA 3ujorbAc, Iua]c; 

OjObAt), pUAbAC, A3U|* Rji;-|tU]C, 

LuAbfiAi;, "puiiweATi), 3&lto<M?') A3U|* <Du|l. 
( t)o bj A]3e bo 3A&ytA|b ^lArrj-birnjc, 

pUAC&l,), <DlACt, )~J0|l AJU}' L]01)AI) ; 

Cua|*ac, Bic-bjrji;, Asm* 3t tUA S^c, 

U Art) AC, BleACC, A3llf ( DIaccaij, 

Do bj A3AmfA y.c]\), a PbC\cjtA|c ! 

A 3 u r A 3 c ^c 6 pig fUAf j 

a i;-c^A3it)Air ua 3-cotj A'f i;a U3A8A[t iib, 
bo|6 3-ccAb Aji luc ijac b-pujljn) bo liiAb. 



211 

O. Diarmuid O'Duibhne had, 

Of noble, fierce, and swift hounds, 
Coisir, Noinin, and Gear-leana, 
Duilleog, Leim-fhada, and Oluid. 

He had of dogs for the chase, 
Cualan, Loirgeach, and Glaimh, 
Dubh-ghreidhim, Follaire, and Iarracht, 
Fuarcan, Glamaire, and Aonaran. 

Glas the gentle, had of hounds 
Treabhaire, Seasg, and Mor-dhail, 
Luaban, Bnnsach, Seangaire, and Triall, 
Lorgan, Stiallaire, and Trachtan. 

lie had of dogs along with them, 

Iallan, Cosgair, Treas and Trughadh, 
Cianan, Gaimbin, Falla and Trean, 
Riaman, Scirce, Bare and Cru. 

Feargns, Fionn's poet, had, 
Of swift and active hounds ; 
Giodan, Fuadach, and Rin-ruith, 
Luadran, Fuinneamh, Geibheann and Duil. 

He had of dogs of the sweetest cry, 
Fuathan, Dlacht, Fior and Lionan, 
Cuasach, Bith-bhinn, and Gruagach, 
Uamach, Bleacht, and Dlachtan. 

I had myself, Patrick ! 
And so had all the rest, 
Besides those hounds and dogs, 
Ten hundred more for the chase that I do not name. 



212 
P. )W]V a 0]y]\), ija u-eAcc 6ftuAi6 ! 

IT i^3i)A lion? t)5 |f 3cA|tji 5Ufi cii|C, 
f]A]6 lej|i3e At) Ioca lib? 1 

O. 2i PbAc]iA]c! a 5-c; j ,a1a ci'i At) c-fe]^, 2 

a rhic 2!lpjtiijr) t)A pfAlrn f&tij ! 
ti?An bo ui~;;e a:; beAij le 'pjOTjr), 
a f 5A1; ao») t)eAC Ar)t) t)A corr)&A]l. 

P. M] b5]C 50 5-CUAlA A rblC At) fi]5 f 

A irjt> 5I1C, i;a t;5i)iorb t»3^r-3; 
A|C|t|f 8u]t)t) 5A0 cu||tfe bfioiv, 



c|ot)aj* bo |ti5rje led At) c-feAl3 




o • 



O. M] cAijnjAOjftje At) "pb]Ai)t) 30, 3 
t)jo|t cu|be § bo fArbliijAb l<?o, 
le jqfijtjrje a'j* le t)eA|ic Aft Iah), 
bo c]3rr)AO||* j-'lAt) op 3AC sleo. 

Mjofi fU|8 t)eAC Ab c|ll, 

A PbAcjlAjC, |f bft)t) pUAltt) 3I0JI ! 

bob' f}]ft]T)?)]3o t;a "piot)t) pfe|t), 

At) feAjt 1)Aft caoI bo bft01)Ab 6]t. 
M]0|i |'-U]8 t)OAC A 5~C|U, 

5(6 b]T)rj l|b a CAi)A]b p|*A]lrt), 

bob fe£fl|t fOCAl t)A At) pb]A1)t), 

f jjt ij&ji lo|c a i)3leo 3A]tb. 

1 /}/j7cr " 2ltj p|A6 nn MJ 1 «ca ii&." 

The deer of that lake. 

U 5-CUaU cii Ai) c-re)l5 ? //are you /icarrf 0/ <^e chase f The chase 
referred to here is that of Sliabh Fuaid, (which will be given in a subse- 
quent volume of our Transactions), where Ailne transformed herself 



213 

T. Relate, Oisin, of the marvellous deeds ! 
Without falsehoods, a lay of the chase ; 
I am mistaken, or you soon slew 
The deer of the plains of that Lake. 

0. Patrick ! have you heard of the chase, 
son of Alpruin of psalms sublime ! 
That the woman caused to Fionn, 
And no one present in his company. 

P. 'Tis not likely I have heard, son of the king ! 
Oisin the wise, of terrible deeds, 
Relate to us without the sadness of sorrow, 
How the chase was performed by them ? 

0. We, the Fians, told no lies, 

Such should not be laid to our charge ; 
By truth and the strength of our hands, 
We came unhurt from every battle. 

A cleric never sat in thy church, 
O Patrick, of the melodious voice ! 
More truthful than Fionn himself, 
The man who was not niggardly in bestowing gold. 

None sat in a temple, 
Though sweet ye think they chant psalms, 
More strict of their word than the Fians, 
Men who faltered not in fierce conflict. 

into a deer in order that the Fenians may give her chase, for the purpose 
of entrapping them, to be avenged for the death of her husband and sons 
who fell at Cnoc-an-air. 

3 56, a lie. This expression very frequently occurs in Fenian poetry, 
because a strict adherence to truth was one of the chief characteristics 
of the Fians. Even at this day a liar is held in utter contempt by the 
peasantry. 



214 
O. <tK\ nMijtpeAb 2t).\c 2t)dftr)A Tt)eATt, 

1)6 3o^ CAlrT)A T)&|1 CAft f &Ab J 

1)6 21)ac Uj ^b^b^e i)<x n)-bAT), 
at) Iaoc bo cu]fteA8 cac aji 66Ab! 

l tK\ r^AijtpeAb peA^ut; p]le 'pblWj 

peAji a sce^c bo |tO|T)i) Att At) b-^eji)!); 
1)6 'D&ute bo feit)r)eA8 3AT) locc, 
a i)5uc t)<x 5-CI05 vj\ bejc rrjo tP^lf' 

43a Ti)AT|tt;eA8 2t)eA|i3Ac t)a Iat)t), 

AT) £eAJt T)Aj1 5AT)T) A3 CUfl AT) Al,ft ; 
OfCUTt aY 2t)AC Koi)A|T) 5|tJT)T), 
bO CJtOT)AT) ]*AT) 5"C|U T)]0|t f'ATT) ! 

<£)<\ TT)ATpt;eA8 2lo8 BeAj rt)AC f\)\i)t), 

T)6 pAoUvT) 5|t|T)T) 1)Aft &AT1JI T)eAC, 
T)6 C0T)C\T) TTJAol bO bj 3AT) 3ftUA]3, 

1?; T,Ab b'p A3 n;e pAO] 31,111*1,11) le peAl ! 

Mo' i) c-AbvVC beA3 bo bj A3 "p|oi)i), 

bo cujfteAb 3AC aot) a b-co]fic]n) puAjt) ! 

bA b|i)i)e Ijott) puAjri) a n)eAfi, 

i)*v b-pujl bo cl6]]t a 3-C|U 'f A b-cuAC ! 

Of A1)0|p T)AC TT)A1JteAT)T) AT) "F^AT)!), 
T)& 'plOI)!) t;i,AlTT)<X|t T)A T)-bUAf ; 
bO bo8Afl |*|AT)f AT) T)A pfAllT), 

a't; 316ft 3Aftb i)A 3-CI03 ri)0 cIuaj*. 

P. S3U||l bO b&Al A fCA!)6|ft pilAf^C I 

rA b] peApbA A3 Iua8 tja b-)^Ai)T); 
50 T)-beACAbAtt cottc TT)A|t at) 3-ceo, 
A V 3° rrj-bcib 30 beo a r^Up i)a b-pjAt) ! 



2Yo 

0. Had Mac Morna the swift lived, 

Goll the mighty, who loved not gems, 

Or Mac Ui Dhuibhne, the beloved of women, 

The hero who vanquished one hundred [men in battle] ! 

Had Fergus, Fionn's poet, lived, 

He who distributed justice to the Fians, 

Or Daire, whose music was faultless, 

To the sound of the bells I'd give no heed. 

Had Meargach of the spears lived, 

He who was not scanty in dealing slaughter, 

Oscur and Mac Ronain the pleasant, 

Thy humming in the church would not be agreeable. 

Had Aodh Beag, the son of Fionn, lived, 

Or Faolan the pleasant, who refused not any one, 

Or Conan the bald, who was without hair, 

'Tis they who have left me in gloom for a time. 

Or the small dwarf, who belonged to Fionn, 
Who lulled each one into heavy sleep ; 
The sound of his finger was dearer to me 
Than all thy clerics in church and country. 

As it is now that the Fians do not live, 

Or Fionn the generous, the bestower of rewards, 
The hum of the psalms and harsh sound of the bells 
Have deafened my ears. 

P. Close thy lips pleasant old man ! 

Henceforth do not name the Fians ; 

They passed off like a mist, 

And shall be for ever in bonds of pain. 



216 

O. $}& rr)6|b clo|5 ac& Ab C|U, 

T)) c|tG|bf.*|t)i) bo bfteic Afi At} b-"pejt)!/., 
i)\ bftejc bo cle[|te acc att)U]1. 

Jf* rt)|r)]C A COblAf aiduic Afl fljAb, 
^AO] 6flUCC t|AC £AO| b&flft cjtAtjt) ; 

a'|* irjofi cleACc l]ort) leAbA 5AT) b]Ab, 
^eAb be^c p]A&' Ajt At) 5-ct;oc ub caII ! 

P. N| bjbeArjt) A5Ab le<\b..\ 5AT) b|Ab, 

bo 5e]beAi?r) cu peACt rt)b<\y\i-g]t) Afi^t), 

aY r?^of5Ar) rrjofi bo'rj ^rr>, 

a'|* ceAC|t<\rbA8 rbA]|ic 5AC AOt) l&. 

O. 'Do COt)A|]lC rt)6 CAO|t CAOftCAJflt), 2 

bvV rbo £AO| 86 t)& bo rbeAf*5<vi) ; 

a']* bo corjAfic rr>e builleo5 ei&t)eA|ij, 

b<v ri?6 a'j* bA le]ce i)<v bo bAifvijjr) AjtC\|r) ! 

1 Fjao, c/eer. The most perfect skeletons of this animal, the Cervus 
Giganteus, as we assume, now known in Ireland, are preserved in the 
Museums of the Royal Dublin Society, and of Trinity College, where 
there are three specimens to be seen. There is also a very perfect skeleton 
in the Belfast Museum, into which we were conducted during a recent 
visit to that town, by Mr. Robert Mac Adam, a gentleman who takes 
peculiar interest in matters of archaeology ; and to whose exertions 
we believe the Museum of that town is mainly indebted for the vast 
collection of antiquities therein preserved. This skeleton stands upwards 
of six feet high, and is perfect in every respect. 

2 CAori C\oncu|i)n, i.e.. The Berry of the Rowan Tree. It is tradi- 
tionally recorded that, in order to defeat the argumeuts of St. Patrick, 
respecting the quantity of food given to Oisin, the latter, though aged 
and blind, set out, attended by a guide, and on arriving at Glenasmoil, 
which is supposed to belhe valley of the Dodder, near Dublin ; the guide 
called his attention to a huge tree bearing fruit of enormous size, of 
which Oisin, told him to pluck one and preserve it. Proceeding 
further in the glen, the guide's attention was attracted by the great size 
of the ivy leaves which covered the rocks, and which from their immense 
eize overshadowed the valley from one end to the other; of these Oisia 



217 

O. Though many bells are in thy church, 

Chanting and dolefully humming psalms, 

I would not credit thyjudgment respecting the Fiaus, 
Nor the judgment of thy clerics but regard it alike. 

I often slept abroad on the hill, 

Under grey dew, on the foliage of trees, 
And I was not accustomed to a supperless bed 
While there was a stag on yonder hill ! 

P. Thou hast not a bed without food, 

Thou gettest seven cakes of bread, 

And a large roll of butter, 

And a quarter of beef every day. 

0. I saw a berry of the rowan tree 
Twice larger than thy roll ; 
And I saw an ivy leaf 
Larger and wider than thy cake of bread. 

also directed him to pull a leaf and preserve it. They then proceeded 
to the Curragh of Kildare, where Oisin sounded the Dord Fhian, which 
lay concealed under a Dalian, and a flock of blackbirds answered the call, 
among which was one of enormous size, at which Oisin let loose a favorite 
hound that after much wrangling killed the bird. They cut off a leg which 
they brought home, and laid the rowan berry, the ivy leaf, and leg of 
the blackbird before St. Patrick, to show that Oisin was right, and tlie 
Saint wrong in his notions respecting the dietary of Oisin whilst living 
with the Fenian?. A very curious paper on the Fenian traditions of 
SLiabh-na-m-ban, where the scene of this legend is laid, by Mr. John 
Dunne of Garryricken, will be found in the Transactions of the Kilkenny 
Archaeological Society, for 1851, p. 333. 

We are informed that large and luxuriant ivy leaves grow atChapel- 
izod, county Dublin, and also at Glenasmeil, one of which was procured 
by an official on the Ordnance Survey, and now preserved as an original 
illustration of the text, in the manuscript volume of " Letters on the An- 
tiquities of the county Dublin," preserved in the Archives of the Irish 
Ordnance Survey Office ; as a proof that the large ivy of former days 
had not yet degenerated in Ireland. The largest ivy leaf we have seen, 
grew on the old walls of St. John's Church, Kilkenny, in July, 1858. 



21S 

O. 'Do COf)AftC tt)§ CeACftA1T)Ab lo|I)> 

bA ri)d i)A bo ceACftAti)Ab ti)A|tCAit) ; 
II* b bo Ijot) mo cftoibe le cuijtfe, 
be]c Ab C|3f], a boccA|t) ! 

Jf* TD^rj^c bo bAbAfA 30 j*iaII, 

A 1)-<Dui) At? |115 1)Att 5At)lJ, 

Ait ^eAb n)]op a 5-CA|c|m bo't) n)-b]Ab, 
bo b|Ab cAfi x\)&]x 3AC c^otjr). 

2t)ui)A n)-be*c t)A 3eA|*A bi Aft 7"blor)t>, 
a'|* t)A|t rb|At) lejf cuic|ti) cjtib, 

A |tA]b Aft 1)eAli) 'fA b-fU]l Ajl I Aft, 

i)l clAojbpeAbAojf lArb tdo 7115 ! 

P. )y e tdo |ti5fi bo beAlbui3 t)eAii), 

II* 6 bo beift i)eAftc t)a Iaoc ; 
If 6 bo curt) at) b]oc-bitAi), 
If & bo bejjt Mac t)A 3-CfiAob. 

Jf 6 bo beAlbu.15 eAf3A a't; 31i|Ar), 
If 'e bo beitt 1AT/3 Aft IfTji) ; 
If & bo crtucui3 3011c a't/ f&Aft, 
1)1 b"1°T)^t)t) a'i* &acca "pbf)') ! 

O. Mi Aft cftucu^Ab 5011c 1)A feAft, 

cug ti)o ftisfe K^T? a 6ufl ; 
acc A5 cof*3Ant coftpAfb Iaoc, 
A5 cofOAti) cfijoc a'i* A3 cuii a clu ! 

%]\ fumS'l 6 Ait itDiitc, Ait fells. 
Ait i)occAb ti)cift5e a b-cuf 5leo, 
Aft iti)ntc t;icc|lle a'i* Ait ftjAti), 
a'i* aji -cciceAti) cac a b-ci5 At ) °|l» 



219 

0. I saw a quarter of a blackbird 

Which was larger than thy quarter of beef; 
Tis it that fills my soul with sadness, 
To be in thy house thou poor wretch ! 

I often had pleasant times 

In the Dun of the generous king ; 

What food I [now] use in a month 

I would have left after me at each meal there. 

Had it not been for the prohibitions which bound Fionn, 
And that it was not his wish to violate them, 
All that dwell in heaven and earth 
Would not vanquish the hand of my king. 

P. 'Tis my king made heaven, 

'Tis he who gave the hero might, 

'Tis he who held eternal life, 

'Tis he who gave blossom to the trees. 

'Tis he who made the sun and moon, 
'Tis he who brings fish into the lakes, 
'Tis he who created fields and grass, 
Not such were the deeds of Fionn ! 

O. 'Tis not the creating of fields and grass 
My king took as his choice, 
But the hacking of bodies of heroes, 
Protecting territories, and spreading his fame. 

The wooing, the play, and the chase, 

The unfolding of banners in the battle's front, 

The playing at chess and swimming, 

And the entertainment of all at the festive board. 



220 
O. 21 Pb&cfiAic ! c& |tA]b bo <Dbi<s 

At) CAT) CA]I)15 Al) b]f CA|l leATl? 

C115 led beAt) ^5 Loci aw t)a lor>5, 
le'ji cqc ioti)Ab Iaoc t-at) CTieAr* ? 

Ho At) CAT) CA1t)15 2t)A3t)U|' XX)0\\, 

AT) peATi bA boyib 5leo i)<v|t qrt) ; 
II* cofrrjuil b& ti)AiJtf:eA& &o <t)blA, 
50 5-cuibeocA le "pi<xt)t)<\ib "pbl'H)- 

No At) cat) ca.1013 "CajIc tt)ac "C|ieoir>, 

At) peAjt aji At) b-'peirjt) bo cuffi at) z-&]\ ! 
Di leb' <Dbl^ b° cujc At) curtAb, 
acc le b-Orcufi a tT)eA]*5 c&c. 

2lUtT)A, 1 Tt)AC Bb^b»^ A TT)6]Tt, 

le ti)|llci TeAtbA|]t t)A T-I03 crteAt); 
t)]Ott leoirf) f|t) rrjiv n^tt b0 ^bl^j 
bul b& cUoib acc "pioi)t) pen). 

Jf ]ort)bA cac, Tt)A8tT), aV 3I1A8, 
bo cort)6ftAb le p]At)!)Aib "Fbl'Wj 
T)i cuaIa 50 t)-beA|tnAb 6acc, 
T115 t)A t)Aon) t)iv 51111 8eAti3 a Urb ! 

p. L6i5eAtr)AOib b'ATi 3-cotT)6ficur- ati 3AC cAob, 

A f-OA1)6l|l C^OI) AC& 3AT) C&lllj 

cui5 50 b-puil <D|A ati t)eAri) t)A i)-6ftb. 
a't- ^01)1) fA tH°15 c0 u]le a b-pe]t;t) ! 

O. Ba ri)6|t At) i)^|tte pji) bo t t>bi<x, 

3AI) slAf t)A b-p|At) bo bu^i) b')*biot)t), 
aV ^ia V&V) h,x n)-be|C a m-b|toib, 

30 b-cftoibpeAb At) flAlC CAft A ceAt)t). 
1 ^4/i'ter, ittUi'M- 



221 

O. Patrick ! where was thy God, 

When the two came across the sea ? [the ships, 

"Who carried off the wife of the king of Lochlin of 
On whose account many a hero fell in conflict. 

Or when Magnus the Great landed, 
He who was in battle fierce, 
'Tis likely if thy God had lived 
That he would have aided the Fians and Fionn ! 

Or when Tailc Mac Treoin landed, 
He who dealt slaughter to the Fians, 
'Tis not by thy God the hero fell, 
But by Oscur in the midst of the foe ! 

Or Alama, the son of Badhma the Great, 

By whom Temor of the brave hosts was pillaged, 
Thy God dared not, had he lived, 
Go fight him but Fionn himself. 



'o' 



Many a battle, strife, and conflict, 
Was waged by the Fians of Fionn ; 
I never heard of any deed performed [hand. 

By the king of the saints, or that he reddened his 

P. Let us cease our contention on both sides, 
O withered old man devoid of sense ! 
Know that God dwells in heaven of the orders, 
And that Fionn and his hosts are in bonds. 

O. Great would be the shame of God 

If he did not release Fionn from his bonds, 
And if God himself, were a captive, 
The chief would fight for his sake. 



222 

O. Njojt f*ulAt)5 Y]°wv A T t V e *& A T tAe » 
TjeAC a be^c a b-peitii) t)A i^uaij*, 
Ai? jtua^IaS A]|t le Ajr^eAb yd 6]t, 
a 5-CAc r)A r^leo 50 TD-beAji&8 buA8. 

)\ n)A]C AT) CeATjTlAC bATT) Aft bo t)bl^> 

be]c <\roeAi*3 a cl]&Tiri rrjAri cA]tt) ; 
3AT) b|A6, 3A1? eabAC, 5<xr> ceol, 
3Atj bejc A3 bfiorjAS 6|fi A]t 8Ajrb. 

OAt) 3A]ri tja t)5a8ati t)A tja t-coc, 
5AT) be]c A3 co^rbeAb poric tja cuatj ; 
5101) a b-^uAfiAf b'eAfbAb at; bib, 
rr;A]C|n; bo T1J5 r>e]rbe An?' ubAcc ! 

5atj r') Ar b> 3*?> |:|Ab3ui8eAcc, 3ait f]Ot)v, 1 

5*v r u H i 5l 6 p]Ai-bAt>, 3AT) rp 6 n c > 

5AT) fujbe ai? jorjAb ttjati bA 8uaI, 
3at> poTjluin) cleA]*A lux t)A sleo. 

P. 21 feATJOIft CfljOT) AtA Alt bAOU*, 

t3U]Ti a't* tja b] as prtiocAl 3AT) ceill ; 
TtiAicpeAri le <D|A burc a b-tA|i)i3. 
feAfCA ttta'i* A|l leAc a ti^jti. 

O. S^fAirj bu^c r^eit) tiA bob' <t)blA, 

a cle]rii3 i)A 5-cliAri v] cabAripAb; 

5AC a TTbeAttrjAT* bA rbj-riiAri, 

V] buj8eACAf l]orT) ottujb a TTJAjceArb ! 

P. )y CftuA3 l]orr) bo crtut Cftjoi), 

a 0]x'}X) ! t)A bj A5 fjmocaI 5 at > ^ 6 1^ J 
if t;Aiti bujc, bAix Ijott) 30 tfoft, 
Arrtjujlc bo f-joft a?t tb^c <t)e ! 

1 Aliter, Forjij, music, lands, inheritance, &c. 



223 

O. Fionn never suffered, in his day, 

That any should be in pain or bonds ; 
Without his ransom by silver or gold, 
By battle or conflict, till he won success. 

It is sufficient punishment for me from thy God, 
To be among his clerics as I am, 
Without food, clothing, or music, 
Without bestowing gold on bards. 

Without the cry of the hounds or the sounding horns, 
Without guarding havens and ports, 
For what I suffer for lack of food, 
I forgive heaven's king in my will ! 

Without swimming, hunting, or Fionn, 
Without wooing modest women, without sports, 
Without being seated in my place as was my due, 
Without learning feats of agility or war. 

P. O withered old man who art silly, 

Cease henceforth thy foolish talk ; 

God will forgive thee all that has passed 

If in future thou follow his laws. 

0. Satisfaction to thyself or thy God, 

cleric of the clerks ! I shall not make ; 
All that I have transgressed of his laws, 

1 do not thank you to forgive ! 

P. I pity thy withered form, 

Oisin ! cease talking such silly words ; 
Shameful it is for thee, I believe truly, 
Thy constant mockery of the son of God ! 



224 



bo rSAjtpAiDt; leb' cI&iji a 5-qiji? ; 
X)) bejc bACAl 13A leAbAji bAi), 

t)2V CI05 C]lACA ATJt) )50 C]ll ! 



P. 1-&13 cup a bo bejc bAOc, 

a rbjc Arj |t]5 bA n)A]C clu ; 
5e]ll bo't) ce bo 51)16 5AC tdaic, 
c|ton) bo ceAtjt) a']* peAc bo 5IUT} ! 

Bua]1 b'ucc a'|* bojnc bo beoji ! 
cjie|b bo'ij ce acA 6y bo cjoijr), 
ce 31111 b']ot)5t)Ab leAc a Iua8, 
If e bo ft«3 biiAb A]t "pblO'W ! 

O. 21 PbAC|tA]C ! XX)0 f5^Al C|tUA5 ! 

T)j b\\)\) l]ort? pUAjri) bo befl ; 

5ojlpeAb 50 pjtAp a> Di f. a ( Db|A, 

acc }~|Ot)r), aY ai? pb|At)r), 5At) bejc bed. 

P. B] Ab COfb, A f*OAt)6|Il fuAnic, 

c ? l «M3» r c ^uiu, puAc a'j* peAp5 ; 
n)A|t bo 50aIIah', A]Cjt|p bujr;t;, 
cjot;t)Af bo pisue led ai) c-j-OAb; ? 

O. MjOft b'joi)5t)A8 8iiji;rj a bejc bftorjAC, 

a'|* ceAtji; aji f*lo5 bo bejc b*A|t i)-bjc'; 
c]A 5u|t n)ii|5 oftujut) 3CA1) A'f 5Ajjte, 
|f bii|r)i) bob' AbbAjt be|c A5 caoj ! 



225 

0. Patrick ! were I devoid of sense, 

I would rid thy clerics of their heads ; 
There would not be a crozier or white book, 
Or matins bell in thy church ! 

P. Cease thou to be silly, 

son of the king of great fame ! 
Submit to Him who doetli all good, 
Stoop thy head and bend thy knee. 

Strike thy breast and shed thy tear, 

And believe in Him who is above thy head, 
Though thou art amazed at Him being named, 
'Tis He who obtained sway over Fionn ! 

O. Patrick ! my woful tale ! 

The hum of thy lips is not sweet to me, 

1 shall bitterly cry, and not for God, 

But that Fionn and the Fians are not alive ! 

P. Hush ! thou pleasant old man, 

Forsake, shun, hate and anger ; 
As thou hast promised, relate to us 
How they performed the chase ? 

O. No wonder that we were sorrowful 
And we bereft of our chief ; 
Though reproached for smiles and laughter, 
'Tis we that had cause to weep ! 



15 



22G 

The following Stanzas were written by Caoilte Mac Ronain, 
on the occasion of some feud arising between the king of 
Minister and Fionn Mac Cumhaill : — 

C2K)JLC6 KO Cl)2tN. 

<D'vo5fiAb c<\ca ojtcrA a "pbl'Wj 
a pfft t)A n?-bfi|ACA|t rt)-b|c-b|i;n ; 
or cu i'<\]T)]-5 30 CeAim Con 
5AI) A]cceo, 5AI} ejlju^Ab. 

CorbftAC "pbiuo A'r |t|5 vt)iitbAt), 
pocAjbe bA rn-bjAb piibAft, 
A]|i5f| cAc bjob a cc|le, 
bA cuftACA a 5-c6|tbe||i5e. 

21 be]\i]rnY& ]\]h ]tAb V5^, 
bA ^oft bAn? At; pAjrbiue, 
b|A|6 bftAC-peAfl a b-2llibuitj, 
bo't) CAC p05|lA8 ojit a pblDt)' 



CAOILTE SANG. 

Proclaiming war on thee, Fionn, 
man of the sweet melodious words ; 
Because thou hast come to Ceann Con, 
Without reproaching, without accusation. 

The combat of Fionn with Munster's king, 
A meeting that gave occasion to grief, 
One of them plundered the other, 
Their contention was most heroic. 

I say unto thee a plain saying, 
That my prediction is true, 
There shall be spies at Almhuin, 
For the war proclaimed on thee O Fionn. 



T, ) R N 21 N - 6 5 • 



THE LAND OF YOUTH. 



KDITED BY 



BRYAN O'LOONEY. 



DUBLIN: 

PRINTED FOR THE OSSIANIC SOCIETY. 
1859. 



The Council of the Ossianic Society do not hold them- 
selves responsible for the authenticity or antiquity of the 
following poem ; but print it as an interesting specimen of 
the most recent of the Fenian Stories. In the tract which 
follows it will be found one of the most ancient of the re- 
cords that describe the exploits of Finn Mac Cumhaill. 



TO 



WILLIAM SMITH O'BRIEN, ESQ., 

PRESIDENT OF THE OSSIANIC SOCIETY. 



Sir, — Pursuant to your wishes, and at your very kind suggestion, T 
have undertaken the following translation of the Ossianic poem, on 
Cjn pa n-65 (" Land of Youth,") in the humble but confident hope that I 
may, however, unpretending as an Irish scholar, be in some measure in- 
struments in restoring our ncylected lore to its former style and stan- 
dard. 

From my knowledge of the Fenian stories, and Ossianic poems which 
circulate in this country, I would classify them under three different and 
distinct heads, 1st, Fenian history, which comprises all based upon fact 
and supported by the ancient records and chronicles of our country, such 
as Cac SAbriA, Car CnucA and the like, which it would be absurd to dis- 
credit against the forcible evidence of our trustworthy annals. 2nd, 
inventions and poetic fictions which are entertaining, and intended by the 
authors more to amuse the reader and to embellish history, than, as son;o 
say, to impose on his understanding, and claim the credit of truth. Sid, 
the poems and prophecies of Fjonn, Coinioll, CAOilce, and others of the 
Fiatjpa Cmionn (Irish Militia), which are very interesting, and I should 
think entitled to as much credit as the early traditions of any other 
nation. 

Some assume that the genuine old poems and stories cannot be dis- 
tinguished from the modern fictions, and consequently that they caunot 
be credited, but that all must be considered worthless. This is a very 
unjustifiable assumption. The Irish scholar will at once know the com- 
position of the Fenian period, as the language and style is different 
from that of latter times. From the fourteenth to the beginning of the 



230 

eighteenth century, we have another class of poems and romantic tales, 
which exhibit a later stage of the language, but which are well worthy of 
attention. My own convicton is that the Ossianic poem on the " Land of 
Youth" is of this last class and date, and from the testimony of many 
corroborating facts supported by the result of an inquiry which I insti- 
tuted at your suggestion, I believe it to have been written by the learned 
Michael Comyn, contemporaneously with the romance of Cottolb ttjac 
ScAittij, ~\c. (Torolv the son of Starn), about the year A.D. 1749. By 
comparing Cfa t)& tj-os with the occasionally interspersed verses in the 
romance of Torolv the son of Starn, &c. whose author is universally ac- 
knowledged to be Michael Comyn, it will be perceived that there is such 
a similarity and almost identity of style in them as to leave no doubt that 
they are both the productions of the same master mind. As further 
proof of this I may state that an illiterate man of my acquaintance can 
repeat several verses of it, but knows it under no other name but that of 
Iao] at) CoinutjrJ; (Comyn's Lay), and that his father had it from Comyn's 
manuscript. Another man states in a letter to me, that his copy of 
it was written in the year 1762 by a celebrated Irish scholar, who lived 
in Ruan, County of Clare. In this poem we have an account of Cfn V& 
fl-bAojije ry&iie (Land of the good people), the elysium of the Pagan Irish 
as related to St. Patrick by Oisin, when he returned to Erin after a lapse 
of more than three hundred years, which he spent in the enjoyment of all 
bliss, with his charming spouse, the golden headed (haired) Niamh. 
While Oisin sojourned in the paradise of perpetual youth, it was (it seems 
falsely) said of him that he was dead, but as those who enter the " Land 
of the Just" can never die, so Oisin lived until he returned to relate the 
history of his adventures, and of this happy elysium. The inhabitants, 
of the eastern countries believed that in the west there was a happy final 
abode for the just which was called C|n tja n-&*\07ne njAiie (Land of the 
good people.) 

This elysium is supposed to be divided into different 6tates and pro- 
vinces, each governed by its own king or ruler, such asCjn r>A Tj-05 (Land 
of youth) Cjri oa n>beo (Land of the Living) Cfn i)« nj-biw6A (Land of 
virtues) and several others. According to traditional geography and his- 
tory the " Land of Youth" is the most charming country to be found or 
imagined, abounding in all that fancy could suggest or man could desire, 
and bestowing the peculiar virtue of perpetual youth, and hence the 
name. In the " Land of Virtues," or as some call it, the Land of Vic- 
tories," (but the latter name 1 suppose to be a mis-translation, as I have 
never heard of a battle or strife in this country) ; it is all peace, tran- 
quility and happiness. As there is no conflict there can be no victory — 
and there is no virtue to be desired which is not to be had on entering 



231 

this country! The "Land of Life" is supposed to give perpetual life 
to the departed spirits of the just. These are supposed to be located 
somewhere about the sun's setting point, and have means of approach, 
chiefly through the seas, lakes and rivers of this world, also through raths, 
duns and forts. The seas, lakes and rivers act as cooling atmospheres, 
while the raths, duns and forts, serve as places of ingress and egress to and 
from them. There are besides, different grand-gates, as it were, through, 
out the world, such asC]U Scuinn (Kill Stuifin), situate in Liscannor Bay, 
supposed to be one of the chief entrances into Cfrv nA n-65 (" Land of 
youth.") This is said to be a beautiful but small city, marked by the white 
breaking waves between leACc (Lahinch,) and lior-CeAnnujrt (Liscannor). 
The white breaking waves, which are always seen in this part of the Bay, 
are said to be caused by the shallowness of the water over this enchanted 
little city, which is believed to be seen once in seven years, and of 
which, it is observed, that those who see it shall depart this world be- 
fore the lapse of seven years to come ; but it is not supposed tliat those 
persons die, but change their abode, and transmigrate from this world of 
toil, into the elysium of the just, i.e. Cfn V* tj-65 (" Land of Youth,") 
where they shall, at once, become sportive, young and happy, and con- 
tinue so for ever. It is also believed, that those who see those enchanted 
spots, are slightly endowed with the gift of prophecy, from the time 
they see it till they depart this world, and that they pass through this 
enchanted passage, so magically shewn them, prior to their departure. 
For further information on CjUScuint) (Kill Stuifin), read Comyn's Ro- 
mance, called Cacc^a tonoilb tdaic ScAjrin A5Af a cniuri h>ac (the ad- 
ventures of Torolv Mae Starn and his three sons). Contiguous to this 
place is another spot called Cnoc ija nos^ibe (Fairy Hill), this was the 
ancient name of Lahinch, before the death of the Chieftain, O'Connor of 
Dumhach, (the Sand pits), who had been treacherously slain there, and in 
memory of whom there had been raised a monument called Icacc uj Cotj- 
cubAjn (O'Connor's monument), which in Irish is the present name of this 
little town, but in its anglicised form Lahinch, or Lahinchy, it has lost all 
sight of the old derivation. It was called Cnoc tjA S(05M6e (Fairy Hill), 
from its being the meeting place of the fairy nobles of this section of the 
country, who, it seems, lived on terms of intercourse with the nobles of Cjfi 
nA n-65 (" Land of Youth,") and this hill is traditionally believed to be the 
place where both tribes met and held their periodical conferences. The 
nobles of this country are said to live in the great and large duns, for- 
tresses, lisses, and raths, and to act as agents to the nobles of Cjft t)A 0-65 
(" Land o'f Youth,") and to those of all the states of the lower paradise. 
One of the duties of their station is to mark the persons suitable to the lower 
country, and by their supernatural power they meet or send messengers to 



232 

carry off those persons. It is in the shape of a beautiful lady, such as 
NlATtj Croo 6m, golden-headed, (haired) Niamh, that this messenger ia 
generally seeu. After the human creature whom she has visited has 
seen her, she vanishes in some magic way, and goes hack to her own 
country. Ere long the person visited will pine away by some formal 
disease, and will be said to die, but fairy tradition proves that he or 
she (whichever it may be), does not die, but that they go into this 
eiysium, where they will become young again and live for ever. 

There are several such passages in this country, to describe which, 
would be both needless and endless. Suffice it to mention a few of the 
greatest celebrity— 16 or ib brieArAl (O'Breasail's country), jb leicjn, 
(O'Leihin's country), Inchiquin and Lough Gur. The great Earl of 
Desmond i3 supposed to have been submerged in the latter, where he 
is seen once in every seven years, anxiously awaiting the destined hour 
of return to his country. On reference to the ancient records and Pagan 
history of different nations, it will be seen that they have their traditions 
of Pagan elysiums as well as Ireland. 



13. O'LOONEY. 
Monreel, October 6th, 1858. 



Since the above was written, the Honorary Secretary to 
the Ossianic Society has been furnished with a similar 
legend. 

9, Anyksea-st., Dublin, Jan. 20th, 18j9. 
"Sir, 

" There is a similar legend to that related in the following poem told 
of Oisin's descent, and living for three hundred years in U*irij ija CAoruxc 
5U|re (the cavern of the grey shecp>, a large cave which is situated at 
Coolagarronroe, Kilbenny, near Mitclielstown, in the county of Cork. 
After the printing of this poem had been decided upon, I wrote to Mr. 
William Williams of Dungarvan, who is a native of the district, for in- 
formation respecting any legendary lore connected with this cave, from 
whom I received the following answer, as being current amoug the pea- 
santry." 

J. O'D. 



233 

LEGEND OF THE GREY SHEEPS CAVE AT COOL AG A II- 
RONROE, NEAR KILBENNY. 

"Oisin went into the cave, met a beautiful damsel, after crossing the 
stream, lived with her for (as he fancied) a few days, wished to revisit 
the Fenians, obtained consent at last, on condition of not alighting from 
a. white steed, with which she furnished him, stating that it was over 
300 years since he came to the cave. He proceeded till he met a carrier, 
whose cart, containing a bag of sand, was upset ; he asked Oisin to help 
him ; imable to raise the bag with one hand, he alighted, on which the 
steed fled, leaving him a withered, decrepid, blind old man." 

" On a certain May morning long ago, a grey sheep was seen to come 
out of the cave, and to go to a neighbouring farmer's field, where she re- 
remained, until herself and her breed amounted to sixty grey sheep. 

" The boy who took care of the sheep, was a widow's only son, a dis- 
ciple of Pan ; for he played on the bag-pipes. 

" His master, the farmer, ordered him one fine day to kill one of the 
sheep, he proceeded to the field for that purpose ; but the old sheep 
knowing his intention, and resolving to frustrate it, bleated three times, 
which instantly brought all the other black sheep around her, when they 
disappeared altogether into the cave. The boy followed them but 
having crossed the enchanted stream which runs through the cave, he was 
unable to return ; as no one ever re-crosscd it but Oisin. On reflecting 
on the anguish his loss and absence would cause his mother, he raised a 
mournful strain which he accompanied by the music of his bag-pipes. 
On every May day from that day to this, the lamentations of the boy, 
and the music of his pipes are heard in the cave." 



L2tO)<Dt) OJSJM 21K -C\)JK N 21 M-65, 

2t)Ajt bViCTtiT* ffe bo P&bfiu|5 t)Aori)CA. 



P. 21 0|t*JD UAfAll ! A Tt)]C At) |tJ5 ! 

bo b'peA]tjt s^ori) 5*]r$e > 3I1AC; 

AlCTt^f bUIDD A X)0]X 3A1) TbAlJtJ 
C]01)1)Uf T^Alflir CAjft 6]f T)A b-^ADD ? 

O. JrweofAb fjD bujr, a PAbtui|3 rju^b, 

5^b bO]lb \]ox\) a Iua8 6f Ajtb 
CAIfl e\\ AT) caca ^bjtA 1 CTtuAjb, 

ADD Aft TT)AribA&, tT}0 DUATt ! At) C-Ot*3ATI A3. 

LA b'A TiAbArt)Aifit)e u|le At) ^-jadd 
T^ODD T^lAl 'fATi rbAiji b]t)D At)t), 
3]8 50 rt)bA bo]lb, bubAC Aft TS^aI, 
CAjft &ir Aft UocrtAib befc 30 JTADD ! 

21 fe|l5 bu|t)D Ati tDAib]D ceobAc, 
a d'it)1oI bottbA|b Loca l.e|D, 2 
rt)ATt A TtAjb CftA|DD cutDjtA bA tDjUfe blAc, 
\ c6ol 5AC cttAc 50 b|t)D A5 fe|D. 

tJujt-i^eAb lirjt) ad ejl|C tdaoI, 
bo b'peATtTt lefTD. |tu]C \ luc ; 
bj Art 5-coiD 't- Ati D-5AbAjtt 30 l6|fl 
50 blue 'da b&|5 pA lAt) fjubal. 

1 3^bftA. Garristown in the county of Dublin. See the Introduction 
to Vol. I. of the Transactions of the Ossianic Society, also the note from 
Mr. J. Reid in same book, page 112. 

Gabbra is not Garristown, but a stream which flows into the Boyne, 



LAY OF OISIN ON THE LAND OF YOUTHS; 

A3 HE RELATED IT TO SAINT PATRICK. 



P. ! Noble Oisin, ! son of the king ! 

Of greatest actions, valor, and conflicts, 
Relate to us now without despondency, 
How thou livedst after the Fians ? 

0. I will tell it thee, Patrick ! lately arrived, 
Though mournful to me to say it aloud : — 
" After the hard battle of Gabhra, 
In which was killed, alas ! the noble Oscar. 

One day we, the Fianna, were all assembled, 

Generous Fionn and all of us that lived were there ; 
Tho' dark and mournful was our story, 
After our heroes being overcome. 

We were hunting on a misty morning 
Nigh the bordering shores of Loch Lein, 
Where thro' fragrant trees of sweetest blossoms, 
And the mellow music of birds at all times. 

We aroused the hornless deer 

Of the best bounding, course, and agility ; 
Our hounds and all our dogs 
Were close after in full chase. 

not far from the hill of Skreen, near Tarn, in the County of Meath. — 
J. O'D. 

2 loc lejp, the old Irish name of the Lakes of Killarney in the county 
of Kerry. 



236 

O. HjOft b'f^AbA 30 bpACAfTJAfft A V]*]*' 

At) TTJAftCAC bf At) A3 teACC CU3Af1)t) ! 

aot) TTjACAori) tijtja bo b'Aflle bfteAC, 
Aft CAel-eAC bAt) bA rrjffie luc. 

4>o fCAbArrjAfft ufle be'13 cfeil.3, 
Aft ATfjAjtc beflbe t>a fif05-rt)r)A ; 
bo JAib ]OT)5Ar)cAr T^opr; 'f aij Tf AtW, 
t)ac pACAbAft fi[Arb beAt) corn bjteA5 ! 

Bj coftofn ftjoTjSA Aft a ceArjn, 

A 3 u r bftAC bonn be'n c-ff obA bAOft ; 
buAjlce ]te fteulcAfb beAjt5 6fft, 
A5 jtoIac a bfto5A fjof* 30 pfcAfi. 

Bj pAjoe 6fjt Aft cfiocAb nof, 

a|* 5AC buAl buj be b'A blAOjj rnAft 6ft ; 
a ftoj^A 50firr)A, sIatja 5AT) frnujb 
TTjAft bjtAon bftuccA Aft bAft At) peofft. 

Ba befft5e a 3ftuAfb 'rjA at) ftof, 

T t>A 31^ e A ro68 'oa oaIa Aft cufrjt) ; 
bA rnjllfe bUf* a bAlf-Arn pof, 
'tja rn|l a beA& ftol cfte 6e^\i^-f]or)V). 

Bj bftAC fTAftfAfT)3, fTAbA, ftefb, 

A5 poUc Ati fcejb-efc bAjo; 
bfAllAfb 3fteAr>cA be beAjt3-6fi, 
A 3 A r TP]*V beAl-6|jt 't)a beAf-lik|ri). 

Bj ce|cjte cjtub 30 curncA ffAOf, 
be't; 6ft buj8e bA sUfne f3&]l, 
pleAr3 Ain3ib a 3-cul a cjijij, 
'f t)j jtAfb 'f\\n r-|-Aoi7;oAl cac bo b'fl*CAft|i ! 



237 

0. 'Twas not long 'till we saw, westwards, 
A fleet rider advancing towards us, 
A young maiden of most beautiful appearance, 
On a slender white steed of swiftest power. 

We all ceased from the chase, 

On seeing the form of the royal maid ; 
'Twas a surprise to Fionn and the Fianns, 
They never beheld a woman equal in beauty. 

A royal crown was on her head ; 

And a brown mantle of precious silk, 
Spangled with stars of re 'i. gold, 
Covering her shoes down to the grass. 

A gold ring was hanging down 

From each yellow curl* of her golden hair ; 
Her eyes blue, clear, and cloudless, 
Like a dew drop on the top of the grass. 

Redder were her cheeks than the rose, 

Fairer was her visage than the swan upon the wave, 
And more sweet was the taste of her balsam lips 
Than honey mingled thro' red wine. 

A garment wide, long, and smooth, 
Covered the white steed ; 
There was a comely saddle of red gold, 
And her right hand held a bridle with a golden bit. 

Four shoes well shaped were under him, 
Of the yellow gold of the purest quality ; 
A silver wreath was on the back of his head, 
And there was not in i>he world a steed better. 

• Perhaps figuratively meaning that such curl was like a loop of gold. 



238 

O. <Do C&|U13 Tl b0 lACA]ft piurj, 

bo lAbAjrt 50 cao]T) cr>eAfbA a b-fuAfft) ; 

A5Uf A bubAJltC f], " A 71.13 T)A b-^iAtji), 
1f f AbA, C1,AT) A 1)0] f TT)0 CUA|fb." 

"p. " C]A CU fefO, A TtjOSAlt) 013, 

IT peAjiji clob, mAife V 3T)aoj, 
Afqtff buftjr) f Ac bo f3eoi,l, 

c'a]T)TT) fe|T) a't* bo C]|t ?" 

' Njatt> Ciur> 6]|t, |f 6 njA|t)n?, 
A nVV 3AfbA t)A n?6|t-f I013 ; 

CAf TT)T)A]b AT) bOTTJAfT), fUA^JteAf 3Affuu 

If nje ir>5eAtj cA|lce R15 tja 15-63." 

" a lC[»ir b "1W> A TX103A7TJ CA]f, 

cjteAb f Ac bo ceACc cAjt leAji a c-ceft) ; 
aij 6 bo ceile b'lnjqs ua^c, 

Mo CAb e At) buA|6|TtC acA ojtc ?&]\) ?" 

r Hj be ti)o cejle b'jnjcis uAffti. 

V V°T V]o\i Iua6a& voh le JjAer) feAjt, 
a 11J3 da peiwe ^ AOjf.be cAjl, 

acc feAf c ff 3f A8 bo cu3Af bob' itiac !" 

" Cja aca 6ort) c\o]x), a ir>50Ai} blAjc, 

V b-cu3A]f 3fAb, t)6 f6f seAT), 

t)A Cefl OfiU|T)T) A T)0]f f Ac, 

A'f AjCflf buff)!) bO CAf, a beAf) ?" 



1( 



Jijijedf Ab fefo XV> 6ui,c, a FblOt), 
bob' rbAC 3fit)t), Atmj-cjtuAib ; 
Oino ttkatjatutjac i?a b-cpeAiHAri?, 

AT) UOC ACAjrt) AT)0]f bo lllAjb." 



239 

0. She came to the presence of Fionn, 

And spoke with a voice sweet and gentle, 
And she said, " 0, king of the Fianna, 
Long and distant is ray journey, now." 

F. " Who art thou, thyself, youthful princess ! 
Of fairest form, beauty, and countenance, 
Relate to us the cause of thy story, 
Thine own name and thy country." 

" Golden-headed Niamh is my name, 
0, sage Fionn of the great hosts, 
Beyond the women of the world I have won esteem, 
I am the fair daughter of the King of Youth." 

F. " Relate to us amiable princess 

What caused thee to come afar across the sea — 

Is it thy consort has forsaken thee, 

Or what is the affliction that is on thyself." 

N. " Tis not my husband that went from me, 

And as yet I have not been spoken of with any man,* 

! king of the Fianna of highest repute, 

But affection and love I have given to thy son." 

" Which of my children [is he] blooming daughter, 
To whom thou hast given love, or yet affection — 
Do not conceal from us now the cause, 
And relate to us thy case, woman." 

" I will tell thee that, Fionn ! 
Thy noble son of the well-tempered arms, 
High-spirited Oisin of the powerful hands, 
Is the champion that I am now speaking of." 

• i.e., I have not been betrothed to any man. 



240 

f. CneAb at) fAc a b-cu5A|f 3ua8 

A jn^eAt) AlAinn At) ^U]lc n&jb, 

bOtrt rt)AC f&Jt) feACAf cAc 

'f A l|ACC flA|C Ajtb f a't) T)3fte|T) ?" 

N] 3AT) AbbAtt A frj5 t)A b-'pjArtt), 
bo cAi)5Af* a 5-C|Ar) f a t)A be]t) 

ACC CUAjlAf5bA]l b'pAJAjl Art A SAjf^e, 

feAbuf a peanfAint) A5iif a n)e]t)." 

Jf |Ort)bA rt)<XC |t]5 AJAf A|lb-^lA|C, 

bo 6115 bony 3eA» Ajuf* fion-gfiAb, 
t)jon Aoncuj^eAf ]\]<xri> bVet) feAU, 
50 bcu5Af feAnc b'Ojf jn A13 !" 

O. ^Aft AT) IAtT) ]•]!) OftC, A PAbftU]5 ! 

5jb i)ATt T)A||teAC l]on) trtAn f5&Al, 

D| |t<\ib Aet) bAll bjort) t)AC uAjb a T)-3ftA6, 

Ic b-|t)5eAt) AU|t)i) At) fujlc jieib. 

c t)0 jtU5Af Aft A lAJti) Art)' bo|b, 

'y biibuAf bo Tjlon 3uc-b|t)t) ; 

yiOfl-CAOl,!) f A^lce Jt6tT)Ab, 

a it|05<N]t) o|5 bo'i) c]|t. 

" Jr cu ir 5i lo > r ir iw*, bl^c, 

If cu bo b'feAnu Ijort) ti)AH ri)t)<\oi ; 
■\y cu ti)o nojA cAn ii)i)Aib At) bortiA|t), 
a t,ioaIca|I) rt)6bArt)Ail if be|fe 51)^0]." 

" 5 0A r^ V«c fulAt)5A]b fion-Uoic, 
a 0|fjt) f6]l, cu|U|n) Ab' c6iT)Aifi 
ceAcc l|ott) fe]t) At)0|t/ ah tr/eAC, 
30 mseArt) cai,|i An* 50 Tjji t)A n-63. 



241 

0. " What is the reason that thou gavest love, 

! beautiful daughter of the glossy hair, 
To my own son beyond all, 

And multitudes of high lords under the sun." 

" Tis not without cause, 0, king of the Fianna ! 

1 came afar for him — 

But reports I heard of his prowess, 

The goodness of his person and his mien." 

" Many a son of a king and a high chief 
Gave me affection and perpetual love ; 
I never consented to any man 
'Till I gave love to noble Oisin." 

" By that hand on thee, Patrick, 
Though it is not shameful to me as a story, 
There was not a limb of me but was in love 
With the beautiful daughter of the glossy hair." 

I took her hand in mine, 

And said in speech of sweetest tone, 
" A true, gentle, welcome before thee, 
young princess to this country !" 

" 'Tis thou that art the brightest and the fairest of form, 
'Tis thee I prefer as wife 

Thou art my choice beyond the women of the world 
mild star of loveliest countenance !" 

" Obligations unresisted by true heroes 

generous Oisin I put upon thee 

To come with myself now upon my steed 

Till we arrive at the ' Land of Youth.' 
16 



242 

O. " S] aj) qji if Aoiboe le pA^A^l, 
If ri)6 caiI ai)oit- f'&'y T)-5fie|u; 
crtA|i)r) A5 cricn)A8 le cojifiA \ Mac, 
a\' biijlleAbAfi A5 fAf aj; bA|i[i<\ib 50115. 

V "5^9 u l^ e r A 8*A bpGACA 'j'lijl 

i)1 ]iacai8 caiccaivj o|ic leb' ]tAe, 
b&y x)6 n)eAC xj\ fe|Cp|& cu. 

" <t)o 5eAbA]|i fleA8, irqitc 'p 6l, 
bo 5eAbAi|i ceol b|i)i) Airi ceAb ; 

bO 50AbA]|t A1|t5|0& A5AT* 6ft, 

bo 5eAbA|ji pof* ]ott)A.b peAb. 

" <Do 5eAbA|ji ceAb clo|8eATT) 5AI) 56, 
5eAbAi]t ceAb bftAC \ ti6|l be f |obA bAO|i ; 
5eAbA]]t ceAb eAc if ii)|tte a r;-5leo, 
'x 5eAbAijt ceAb leo be corjAib seutt. 

" <Do 5eAbA]it it)] <>VV-y 1058 a Kj5 t>a i)-05, 

1)AC CU5 TtlAIT) fOf bO 1)6AC f A j t) T)-5tte]1), 

bo bcAijpAf bjoi) bu]c b'oibce x l°> 
a 5-cAc, a i)-5leo \ a T)-5A]tb-5leAc. 

" <t)o 5CAbA]|i lu|jteAC cuti)bAi5, c6]ji, 
A'f clo]beArT) c|i)0O]ft ij- cl|i-be beim; 
t)a'ji c6Afii)A]5 ijeAC tti.AH) ua8 beo, 

T)OC COr)A]1lC fOf AT) C-A1tTt) seiiTt. 

" <Do 56AbAiTi c6Ab e|be \ lejije f |to|l, 
5eAbA]ft ceAb bo, \ X®Y c6Ab Iaoj ; 
^eAbAiTt ceAb caojxa, 5oi)A lorqiAfb 6jit, 
5eAbAift ceAb peob i)ac bptql 'fAi; c-fAOJAl. 



243 

0. " It is the most delightful country to be found, 
Of greatest repute under the sun 
Trees drooping with fruit and blossom 
And foliage growing on the tops of boughs. 

" Abundant, there, are honey and wine 
And everything that eye has beheld, 
There will not comedeclinc on thee with lapse of time, 
Death or decay thou wilt not see. 



t< n 



Thou wilt get feasts, playing, and drink, 

Thou wilt get melodious music on the harp string, 3 , 

Thou wilt get silver and gold, 

Thou wilt get also many jewels. 

" Thou wilt get, without falsehood, a hundred swords ; 
Thou wilt get a hundred satin garments of precious 

silk, 
Thou wiltget a hundred horses the swiftestin conflict, 
And thou wilt get a hundred with them of keen hounds. 

" Thou wiltget the royal diadem of the 'King of Youth,' 
Which he never yet gave to any person under the sun, 
'Twill protect thee both night and day, 
In battle, in tumult, and in rough conflict. 

" Thou wilt get a fitting coat of protecting mail 

And a gold headed sword apt for strokes, 

From which no person ever escaped alive 

Who, once, saw the sharp weapon. 

[satin, 

" Thou wilt get a hundred coats of armour and shirts of 

Thou wilt get a hundred cows and, also, an hundred 

calves, [fleeces, 

Thou wilt get a hundred sheep, with their golden 

Thou wilt get a hundred jewels not in this world. 



244 

O. " 5eAb<vifi ceAb TT)Aj3beAt) TT)eA6rt<\c, 63, 

T/ojllt/eAC, lot)t)ftAc, ntAjt At) t)-3fteft) ; 
1Y peAftft bejlb, cftuc, A5UT/ prjob, 

Y i|- bp)t)e beojl 'i)A ceol i)A t)-&At). 

" 3^0^11* ceAb lAec if cjtejt)e.A t)-3leo, 
|p dp-be pof A 5-cleAfAjb luc ; 
AjitricA, ejbce, of bo 66ri)Apt, 
A b-"Cjjt i)A t)-05, n)A ci5Ht l^orr). 

" 'Do 5eAbA||i 5AC i)j b*A t)-bubftut/ leAc, 
a']* AO|br>eAj* pop t)AC lej|t bArbfA 'luAb, 
joAbApi rt}^]ye, rjeAjtc a']* bfpjzje, 

Y bjAbfA pep; A5Ab rpAfijbrjAOp" 

" <DjuIca& aji b]c i)\ beuftpAb uAftt), 

A Jl]05AT) C-fUAptC T)A 3'CUACA t)-Offl J 

If tu rt)o P05A cA|i rbuA^b ai) boti)Api, 
A'f jtACAtr) le £ot)t) 50 "Cpt t)A V-O5" 

2tpi rrjujij At) ejc, cuAbtrjAfji AfiAOt), 
Apt rt)0 beiUA, bo fU|b At) 615; 
A biibAptc, " a Offji), r:Ai)Ait) 50 ftejb, 
50 jtjTjeAtt) beul At) rtjAjtA ri)6j|t." 

2li)t) pp) b'cpt^fb At) c-eAC Aft luc, 

AT) qi&c ttiJeAtt)A||i 50 C|urt)A|r; i)A CJ1A3A ; 
bo Cftojc 6 pep) At)t) fp) curt) pp'tbAfl, 
'X bo 16)5 cjtj 5i;uir at o|- Attb. 

l 2il) CflAC COI1t)A|JlC "p|OI)t) 'f AI) ) r b|AI)t), 
ai) c-cac 50 bfAt) Y A U C-|*|ubAl ; 
A5 CAbApiC A3A|8 A|t At) b-CfieAf)-rt)Uf ft, 

bo lefjcAbAfi c|i] ^AfiftcA jujl 'j* cutt)A|6 ! 



24.5 

0. " Thou wilt get a hundred virgins gay and young 
Bright, refulgent, like the sun, 
Of best form, shape, and appearance, 
Whose voices are sweeter than the music of birds. 

" Thou wilt get a hundred heroes mostpowerful in conflict, 
And also most expert in feats of agility, 
In arms and armour waiting on thee 
In the ' Land of Youth' if thou wilt come with me. 

" Thou will get everything I promised thee (f) 
And delights, also, which I may not mention, 
Thou wilt get beauty, strength, and power, 
And I myself will be thy wife." 

" No refusal will I give from me, 

charming queen of the golden curls ! 
Thou art my choice above the women of the world, 
And I will go, with willingness, to the 'Land of 
Youth.' " 

On the back of the steed we went together, 
Before me sat the virgin ; 
She said: " Oisin let us remain quiet, 
Till we reach the mouth of the great sea." 

Then arose the steed swiftly, 

When we arrived on the borders of the strand 
He shook himself then to pace forward, 
And neighed three times aloud. 

When Fionn and the Fianna saw, 
The steed travelling swiftly, 
Facing against the great tide, 
They raised three shouts of mourning and grief. 

f Every verse with this mark (f) is taken from a MS. which I lately 
got, and was not in the MS. transcribed for the president or in Mr. 
Griffin's copy. 



(14 ft 



O. " 21 Ojriu," An ^lorjt), 30 me||ib, cnfc|C, 
" rt)o cufi)A8 >ejr) cu A3 ^rpceACC UA"|n)j 
V 3 A1 J f u |l A 3 l Mt)i) Ann* bo coacc, 
c115A.IT) caji A]f pAO| Iatj bin\8 !" 

^)'A]fC|tt5 a &e]lb A3A]* a |*3&iit>, 

'f ^0 f"|l pflAfA &&AH AI)UAf ; 

3ufi pljuc a bno|m)e, 'f a jeAl-sijfc, 

']• bubA'UC, " n)0 l&un cu, a 0\y)i) uA|iD ! 

21 pl;AbnA|3, bA bubAC At) f*5eAl, 
Afi |*5A|iAri7ii]i;i; fie ce|le aoi; rub; 
|*5A]tArinilU Ai) aca|i ne r)A 117AC f-*e|t), 
D* bubAC, I A3, £AOi) be*c b'A Iua8 ! 

c t>0 p03A|*-|*A TT)'aCA|U 30 CAOJt), CAOrfr, 

']\u) coiT}A]i)i) ce<\8i)A, ^u<\|noA|* iu\6; 
b'^A3A|* |*Iai) } ii]le A3 At) b)-e|i;i), 

']• bO f"|l 1)A b&A|tA 'nilA]* le It)' 3|UlA|b ! 

)X |0*t)8a Uv AO|b(nr), bjo|*-fA '\ ") z \o\)\), 

'r ^ f J TFb|Ai}i) 'i)*T» 3-C10i)ij V*AO| h\i)|'.e[iij ; 

A3 injjftc pjccjlle A3<\p A3 61, 

'y A3 clop ceo]l, aj; bu|8oAi; 6a cno-Aij. 

2I3 |-oa15A[|ioacc a Q-5leAr;i;cA|b n)\iy, 
'\-'\\\ i;3AbA||t be|l-bi;)i) A^ufi^i; aiji; ; 
yoAl^b e|le 8ujnn a t)-5AMb 3IJAC, 
A3 c|ieAp3Ai|ic Iaoc 30 Uij-ceAfjt;. 

p. 21 Ojrjij bAO|c, c|i6|3 30 pdjl, 

bo b' 3A|f30 n;6|i Aft Ai; u-'|-oji)i; ; 
c|oniHif bo ciiAbA|f 30 <3j|l 1)A u-63, 
a')- Icai) bu-uu 3Ai; 36 A|i bo |*56aI. 



247 

0. '' Oisin !" said Fionn slowly and sorrowfully, 

" Woe it is to me that thou art going from me, 
I have not a hope that thou wilt ever again, 
Come back to me victorious." 

His form and beaut}' changed, 
And showers of tears flowed down, 
Till they wet his breast and his bright visage 
And he said, " My woe art thou, 0, Oisin ! in going 
from me." 

Patrick, 'twas a melancholy story 

Our parting from each other in that place, 
The parting of the father from his own son — 
'Tis mournful, weak, and faint to be relating it ! 

1 kissed my father sweetly and gently, 
And the same affection I got from him ; 
I bade adieu to all the Fianna, 

And the Tears flowed down my cheeks. 

Many a delightful day had Fionn and I, 
And the Fianna with us in great power, 
Been chess-playing and drinking, 
And hearing music — the host that was powerful ! 

A hunting in smooth vallevs, 

And our sweet-mouthed dogs with us there ; 
At other times, in the rough conflict, 
Slaughtering heroes with great vigour. 

P. ! foolish Oisin, forego a while 

Thy great actions of the Fenians, 

How didst thou go to the " Land of Youth," 

Proceed, faithfully, with thv tale to us. 



248 

O. ( t)o cu5Art)ATji aji 3-ciil bo't; C]jt, 

Y ^|t t)-A5Ai& 50 b]fteAC, sUt), ri^ft ; 
bo CfiAjj at; rbjt)-TT)U]ia yidri)*]*), 

Y bo Ijotj 'tja bftojrwqb lOtjAfi iJ-bjAjj. 

<t)o cor)CArr)AT|t ]ot)3Ar)cuir 'i)Ajt ^CibAl, 
CAcytACA, cii||iceAr)A A3 A]* cAn*leA]r), 
piolAiqbe £jor)T)AoltA, A5Af bujtjce, 

5ft]At}&]l} lot)t)flACA, A5A|* pC\lA]f*. 

c t)o cot)CArt)AT|i, pop jte A|t c-cAeb, 
ejl^c it)Aol Aft le^rr) luc ; 
a'|* 5a8aji clitA|f-8eA|t5, bAr>, 
A5 cACf.*At;u 30 &ai}a 'pAr> c-f|ubAl« 

too COtJCAITJAIJl j:6r, 5A0 56, 
A|r>bffi 65 Ajfi fceAb-eAC born;, 
iibA.ll 6||a 't;A ©eAf-lA|ri7, 

Y 1 A 3 injceAct A|jt bAftft tja b-to»)i?. 

<t)o cor>CArt7Aip 'tja be6]3, 
Tt)A|tCAC 65 A|l f ceAb bAr) ; 
jtaoj bfiAC coftcu^jt beAp3 ]*fi6]l, 

Y clojbeAri) qwojji i;a 6eAf*-la|m. 

" C]a bl^b Ar> b||« ub, bo cib^m, 
A T t j°5< x lt) CAOjt?, irjujf bort? p<\c; 
At) beAi? lib ]y A|lpe 3r)AO|, 

Y rrjAjiCAC |*l|6rt) At) e]6 bA|i) ?" 

" Na cuifi ]*it|n) 't)A b-pcicpi8 cii, 
A Oinu itrbA|l, 't)C\ b-pACA]|- p6f, 
t)j b-pii|l |oi;i;ca qle acc r>qtb-T)j 
30 iMseAft) 30 "C||t K13 da u-63." 



249 

0. We turned our backs to the land 
And our faces directly due-west, 
The smooth sea ebbed before us, 
And filled in billows after us. 

We saw wonders in our travels, 
Cities, courts and castles, 
Lime-white mansions and fortresses, 
Brilliant summer-houses and palaces. 

We saw also, by our sides 

A hornless fawn leaping nimbly, 
And a red eared white dog, 
Urging* it boldly in the chase. 

We beheld also, without fiction, 
A young maid on a brown steed, 
A golden apple in her right hand, 
And she going on the top of the wave3. 

We saw after her, 

A young rider on a white steed, 

Under a purple, crimson mantle of satin, 

And a gold- headed sword in his right hand. 

" Who are yon two whom I see, 

gentle princess, tell me the meaning, 
That woman of most beautiful countenance, 
And the comely rider of the white steed." 

" Heed not what thou wilt see, 

! gentle Oisin, nor what thou hast yet seen, 

There is in them but nothing, 

Till we reach the land of the ' King of Youth 



> D 



'2oQ 

O. t>0 COt)CAtt)A||t UA|1) A ^-C]M)V, 

p&lAf 5fi]AT)TT)Afi, ucc-bl&|c ; 
bu8 bneA^cA bejlb A3aj* 3i)e, 
b'A jiA|b Y**U c-j-aotjaI le j:A3A|l. 

" C|A At) but) ]t^6j8<\, |to-bneA3, 

AjAf *e6f*, if <\|li)e b'<\ o-|:aca|8 |*u|l; 
'i)& b-j*uil|ti)j8 A3 cji|aII 't)A 8C\|l, 

1)6 C|A If* A|lb-plA]C A1)t) f*ub ?" 

" Jr>3eAn jt]3 qn tja rt)-beo, 

-]• bAiT)fxic>3AiT) jjof *t)i)f' ad biit); 
C113 "ponjon BuilleAC 1 8nujrt)e I03AC, 
lejf le p6|ftT;eA|ic 5&A3 ']• liijt. 

" 3 eA r A cult 1 T1 ^IT 1 ^ b-cneAt), 
3AI) beAt) bo 8eAt)ATT) 8| 30 bnAcAc ; 

30 b-p^3Ab f] CUttA8 t)0 p]Oft-lAOC, 

bo f-eA|*ti)o8A8 3I1AC le ||* U\rb Ajn U\|tr*." 

" Be-n buAb A3uf beAt)t)ACx, a N*Ati) 6|i*T) 6||t, 
1)1 cuaIa|* bo ceol n|Ati) ||* ye*\uji ! 
'r>& cao]t)-3u]c b|t)t) bo ri*]l|f-b§o*l, 
Y |f rr)6n At) bfiot) l|t)t) beAt) b'*v c C\ 1 1 . 

" "Ce|58eAti) ai)0||* b'A f*|Of bot) but), 
a'|* b--peib||t 311*1. bu|nt) ac& |-e a i)-bAi); 
At) C|teAt)-lAoc ub bo cu*c|rt) l*ort*, 
a 3-cleAfAib lujc, rt*Ajt bAb 3t)'Ac." 

*t)0 CUA8tt)Al|t At)1) |"|t) bot) but), 

a'** c^|i)|5 cujaiijtj At) nio3At) 63; 

bo b'|ot)Ai)i) beAlljiAb 8| 'f bot) 3'tein, 

a'|* bo cuiji f| ceAb p&jlce |tdri)A|i). 

1 For^ofi, t> Utile AC, i.e. the striking Giant, was the despotic ruler of tlie 
" Land of Virtues," — a country not mentioned in any other copy of tliis 
poem that 1 have seen. 



251 

0. We saw from us afar 

A sunny palace of beautiful front, 

Its form and appearance were the most beauteous 

That were to be found in the world " 

" What exceeding — fine, royal mansion, 
And also, the best that eye hath seen, 
Is this, that we are travelling- near to, 
Or who is high-chief of that place ? " 

"The daughter of the king of the ' Land of Life,' 
Is queen, yet, in that fortress 
She was taken by Fomhor Builleach,of Dromloghach, 
With violent strength of arms and activity. 

" Obligation she put upon the brave, 
Never to make her a wife, 
Till she got a champion or true hero, 
To stand battle with him hand to hand." 

" Take success and blessings, O golden-headed Niamh, 
I have never heard better music 
Than the gentle voice of thy sweet mouth, 
Great oriel" to us is a woman of her condition. 



o 



" I will go now to visit her to the fortress. 
And it may be for us it is fated 
That that great hero should fall by me, 
In feats of activity as is wont to me." 

We went thcu into the fortress, 
To us came the youthful queen, 
Equal in splendor was she to the sun, 
And she bade us a hundred welcomes. 



252 



O. Bj cuIaj8 be f jobA buj8e, 

aji ad rijojA^T) bo b'&ilrje T/t)68; 
a ctjeAf CA|lce rt7A|t aIa ajji cut,t)t>, 

\ A 8& 3|lUA|b bj Alft 8ac AT) ftOt/. 

2ljt 8ac at) 6|ji bo bj a folc, 

A Y A 5°T lrt )"T to r5 A S^tJA 3AT1 ceo ; 

A bejlJT) TTjeAlA AJJI 8AC T)A 5"CAO|t, 

Y A TOaIa CAol bA 5JteAT1CA cl68. 

*t)o fuibeArrjAjit at)T) \\x) fjof, 

5AC TT-AOl) bJT) Aft CACAO jft 6) ft ; 

bo leA5A8 C115A] t)i) rnottAt) bj8, 
a' |* cu||tT) bj;z;e bj ljot)CA beoift. 1 

2ll) CftAC CAfCeATT)A]Jt ATI fAfC bj8, 
a']* fOTT)Ab trjOTITICA 11)1,1]^ 6]l ; 
bO lAbATJl AT) |t]05A|T) 65, CAOjT), 

11* eb bubA|jtc j*j, " e|fx lion) 50 t;6]l." 

^'in^t; bu]T)T) p|or a't; t:J\c a r5^1 l > 

Y bo f|l t)a beottA le t)a jttuAfb, 

a bubAffic t)A|t b-ffjlleAb 8] b'A cjn peji), 

Y ^ }~ACAC CHCAt) bO be]C 50 bllAl)'. 

" Bj bo tot/b, a ltjo5A|i) 615, 

fSufjt be'b buoi)T), aY V'« bj caoj8 ; 

aY bO bo|Jt|TT) 8lljC rno Iait), 

At) C-ACAC A] ft, 50 b-CUjCpib l]t)T) !" 

" Mj bfrujl Iaoc Ai)0]f le pAgAjl, 
b'A cfi6|i)e cA|l jrAOj'i) iJ-5]tfe|1J, 
bo beujipAb coirjftAC lAii) aji Iajit), 

bo't) ACAC bAI)A T)A 3-ClUlA|8-bo|tT)." 

1 Although this word resemble the word " beer," the' liquors were very 
different. 



253 

0. There was apparel of yellow silk 

On the queen of excelling beauty, 

Her chalk-white skin was like the swan on the wave, 

And her cheeks were of the colour of the rose. 

Her hair was of a golden hue, 
Her blue eyes clear and cloudless ; 
Her honey lips of the colour of the berries, 
And her slender brows of loveliest form. 

Then we there sat down, 

Each of us on a chair of gold, 

There was laid out for us abundance of food 

And drinking-horns filled with beoir. 



"O 



When we had taken a sufficiency of food, 
And much sweet drinking wines, 
Then spoke the mild young princess, 
And thus said she, " harken to me awhile." 

She told U3 the knowledge and cause of her tale, 
And the tears flowed down her cheeks ; 
She said, " my return is not to my own country, 
Whilst the great giant shall be alive." 

" Be silent, O young princess ! 

Give o'er thy grief and do not mourn, 

And I give to thee my hand 

That the giant of slaughter shall fall by me !" 

" There's not a champion now to be found 
Of greatest repute under the sun, 
To give battle hand to hand 
To the bold giant of the hard blows.'' 



254 

O. ' )W]T\n) ^ujc, a fi]05A|i) cAori), 

ijac |*5<xcroAft l]ori) a ceAcc Att)' bAjl, 
rt}UT)A b-cu|cp]8 l|onj, bo bftJ3 rrjo 3OA3, 
50 b-cu|cpeA& p6|T) Afi bo V5Ac." 

Njoft b'pAbA 50 b-f:<\c<\rT7A!|t A3 coacc, 

AT) C-ACAC CfteAl) llA TT)6 3|lA|l), 

beAjtc A]t be cjio|ci)e t/ja6, 

a't; lur%5-peA|tT;A|b ^a|ia|i;u ioija lAjri). 

Njoft beAi)T)A|5 ']* ij]0|i urbUi|5 6uji;r), 
acc b'peAc a i;-5o li n* V* D _ 63~rn'A> 

b'pUA5A|fl CAC A5Af COtbflAC C|l6A1), 

Af ciiAbAf fep) ]Ot)A coti)bA|l. 

2l|i pcAb c|i| t;-o]6co A5Uf cfi] Ia, 
bo bc\n)u||i Yau i)-3|i^r3 A ? 1 ceAt;i) 
3]b 30 nj-bA Cfi^At) ^ ai) c'acac Ajtj, 
bo bAjijeAf 3AI) ypAf bo a cgauu ! 

21 1; cjiAc cot)t)A||ic ai; bjp bAij 63, 

AU C-ACAC t1JO|t 30 pAOl) Afl U\|i ; 

bo le|3eAbA]i z\\] 3Ajica 3i'.|i)i;, 
le rr)6|i-iT)AO|beArb A3A]* lucTjAifi! 

'l)o ciiAbit)A|fi aijo fit) bo'i; b:'u;, 
Y bo bjob-f a bfiujijce, IA3, ^aoi; ; 
A3 |-|leA6 jtoIa 30 lAi;-u|i 

A CCACC 30 blue Af tTJO C|lCACb ! 

'Do cA|i)|5 ]i)3oaij jt]3 i)A it)-beo, 
3° n°l l A3 p6i|t]3C|i; o|irt) yo]\); 
bo cu]|t ]ce '(• bAlfAii) ah/ cijeA&A, 
Y bob jOf" yi>]V flAi) 'i;A b6|3- 



255 



0. " I tell to thee, gentle queen, 

I am not daunted at his coming to meet me, 
Unless ho fall by me, by the strength of my arms, 
I will fall myself in thy defence." 

'Twas not long till we saw approaching 

The powerful giant that was most disgusting, 
A load was on him of the skins of deer, 
And an iron bar in his hand. 

He did not salute or bow to us, [maiden, 

But looked into the countenance of the young 
Proclaimed battle and great conflict, 
And I went myself to meet him. 

During three nights and three days 
We were in the great contest, 
Though powerful was he, the valiant giant, 
I beheaded him without delay. 

When the two voung maidens saw 
The great giant, lying motionless, weak and low, 
They uttered three joyful cries, 
With great boasting and merriment. 

We then went to the fortress, 

And I was bruised, weak and feeble, 
Shedding blood in great abundance, 
Coming closely out of my wounds. 

The daughter of the " King of the Living" came 
In truth to relieve myself; 
She put balm and balsam in my wounds, 
And I was whole after her. 



250 

O. <t)o CAicAtrjAoift Afi b-p|to|0ij 50 fubAc, 

a']* bA n)eA6|iAC 8u]r;t) Apt) no b'A eip; 
bo c6]|ti5eA6 pur)t) Apt) y&x) but), 
leApcACA clujb be clurb t)A t)-eAt). 

<Do cu|fteArt)U||ir>e Ar> peAjt n)6ft, 

a b-peAjtc p6b-8o]Tb|U, pAit|*A|t)3, |te]8, 

bo C05bAf A l|A Of A leACC, 

A 'f TSPl^^r A *]V]iW * tJ-oijArp-cfiAob ! 

2l|l t)A TpAflAC, AJl AtTJAJXC IaO|, 

bo 8u]f|5Tt)A|Ti a |* Afi rjeAl, 

" ]V rt)]i\b bu\i)V," Aft lu^eAij At? 7173, 

" citfAll 5AP f5ic b'Aft b-c]|t pefr)." 

<t)0 jleAfArtJAlft 0|1|tA1t)r> 5AI) fCAb, 

\ bO 5AbArT)A||t AJl 5-CeAb Jiff At) 615, 

bub biibAc bubftot)AC ^jrjtj 'pa b|A]5, 

Y Tjjoft cA|fte bo'i; sjijAtj-beAr) fotjAfi t>beo]5 ! 

D] peAf bort) pe]t), a pAb|tA|5 ffejib, 
CAb bo cajxIa bo'p jtjo^Ajr) 615 ; 
o'r) lA |*5AnAtt)uifti)e A|iAOt? lej, 
t;6 Afi p]ll p&io 50 q|t i;a rp-beo. 

P. H)o\i jijoinr bu i»™ A Oiriu swop, (t) 

cja'p tjfi 'pa |iAbA]f pe|p ; 
po|llfi5 &"1'W Atjoir a b-Ajptp, 

A'f leAT) A|t]f JtJAp bo r30|l. 

O. "Cjft pA rp-buA8 At; cjft iib, 

a't 50 bejtpip P] b|t6A5 *V c-A|0fijj (f) 

TT)A CA 5l6|Jte A b-plACAf I1J4|l bj Apt), 
bO 8|A le 3|tOA1)l), CAbAUf.\\|t)l) 3A||Ut). 



257 

0. We consumed our feast with pleasure, 
And then we were merry after, 
In the fortress were prepared for us, 
Warm beds of the down of birds. 

We buried the great man 

In a deep sod-grave, wide and clear, 

I raised his flag and monument, 

And I wrote his name in Ogham Craobh. 

On the morrow, at the appearance of day, 
We awoke out of our slumbers, 
" It is time for us," said the daughter of the king, 
"To go without delay to our own land." 

We prepared ourselves without a stay, 
And we took our leave of the virgin, 
We were sorrowful and sad after her, 
And not less after us was the refulgent maid. 



l o v 



I do not know, mild Patrick ! 
What occurred to the young princess, 
Since the day we both parted her, 
Or whether she herself returned to the Land of Life. 

P. Thou didst not tell us, pleasant Oisin, 

What country it is in which thou wast thyself; 

Reveal to us now its name, 

And continue again the track of thy story. 

0. That country is the " Land of Virtues," 

And certainly the name is not miscalled, 

If heaven hath glories as were there, 

To God, with love, I would give praise. 
17 



253 

O. <t)o cu5Att)Ahi Afi 3-cul bo't) buy, 

a'|* Aft fceAb fuit)t) f- A0 1 lat)-fte]rt) ; 

Y 50 rt)bA liiA^ce leu* At) eAC bAt), 
'r)A 5AOC ri)A]tCA aji bnujtt) fl^b. 

ftjou b-pA&A 511ft boucAjj At? vpe]ji, 
a']* 311ft eiT*3iS 50,0c At)T)'r sac A]ub ; 
bo Ia]* At? ri)6n-trmi]t 50 CJteAt), 

Y t;j jtA^b AtT)A|tc 5ne]t)e le FA5A1I ! 

SeAlAb bujyt) A5 Atr)Auc t)A ijeull, 

Y Aji T)A neulcA b] pA |*rt)u]b ; 

b 'lrMS A1 ? C-AT)j:A A5Af At) 3AOC, 

aY bo fo]llf|5 Pboebuf 6f An c-ceAt)t). 

<t)o cot)t)CAtt)A|it ne An b-CAO|b, 
cjn |t6-AO]beAt) pAO] lAn-blAc, 
aY Tt)A5A rt)A||*eACA, |ie]8e rnjt), 
aY but) jijOTjbA bA |to-bneA5A. 

M| HA]b bAC b'A b-jreACA fit|l, 
be 5onn) ujt, b'uAjcne, Y D ^t> J 
be concun beA|t5 aY be bujSe, 
t)ac jtA^b 'y&v T t 1°5"^ )n0 5 cAO]tt) bo n<\8. 

<t)o b] An At) b-cAob efle 8e't) but), 
5JtlAt)A]t) lonnnACA A3Uf pAlA]f; 
beAt)CA u^le be cIoca buA8A, 

le lAti)A f UAb' A5A|* fAOJl-CeAnb. 
NjOU b-f AbA 50 b-peACATDAIft CU^Ajnn, 

A5 cnjAll o'n n-bun ]ot) An 5-cori)bA|l, 
qtj CA05A& Uec bo b'-peAn|i luc, 
f5e|ri), cl|u, aY bo b'AO|n8e cA]U 



259 

O. We turned our backs on the fortress, 

And our horse under us in full speed, 

And swifter was the white steed, 

Than March wind on the mountain summit. 

Ere long the sky darkened, 

And the wind arose in every point, 

The great sea lit up strongly, 

And sight of the sun was not to be found ! 

We gazed awhile on the clouds, 
And on the stars that were under gloom 
The tempest abated and the wind, 
And Phoebus bris-htened o'er our heads. 



'o' 



We beheld by our side, 

A most delightful country under full bloom, 
And plains, beautiful, smooth and fine, 
And a royal fortress of surpassing beauty. 

Not a colour that eye has beheld 
Of rich blue, green, and white, 
Of purple, crimson, and of yellow, 
But was in this royal mansion that I am describing. 

There were at the other side of the fortress, 
Radiant summer-houses and palaces, 
Made, all of precious stones, 
By the hands of skilful men and great artists. 

Ere long we saw approaching 
From the fortress to meet us, 
Three fifties of champions of best agility, 
Appearance, fame and of highest repute, 



200 
O. " Cta at) z)\i .<\l<\ir;r) \ r/ub, 

A jIJ^eATJ C1U]TTJ)A b-CJl|OpAl 6] ft, 

It* bfie&5CA brieAC b'A b-peACA fujl, 
Tjo'tj ) pub T/jtt t>A t/05 ?" 

" ))' 1 3° fceirr>]f), a 0|riU f 6 1 l > 

i)]0|t ir)i)]T/eAT/ brt6A5 8ii]c b'<v cAO|b, 
xj\\ \y\ b'-ari 5GaIIa|-|*a 6u|c peit), 
tjac b-p it|l ^o]lle]|i A5Ab bo fiort." 

<Do c^]i)i5 ca3Aii)t) i,or)T)A beoi5, 
ceAb be at; 65 bo b'AjUe ys&\riy ; 

^60} bjlACA J'] Ob A 1]0T1CA b'ofi, 

A5 pA]lc]U5A& |t6ti)A|iTr) b'A b-c^Tt poft). 

<Do COTTtTCATTTAlft. ATt]|* A5 CeACC, 

uu]$e<\t) bo Tjlejiie, 5IA0 T/IUA5 ; 

A 3 u r TM3 0]|lbeAftC, COTT1ACCAC, CfteAT), 

bo b-peAftp. fseiri), be]lb, 'f T/r)uA&. 
B| lejije bu]8e be f-jobA f ftoll, 

AJAf TTlAtT?-b|l<\C OflbA Of A C]OT)t) ; 

bj co?'.3;tt bjx|cleAiji)AC be'y 6ft, 

50 |*0]ll]*CAC, loiitrftAC ATt a ceAtjT). 

<t)0 C0T)1)CATT)A1TI A5 ceAcc 'ija 8e6|5, 
ATI da] i)} 1 .] 05 a itt 05 bo b'Aiftbe c^l ; 
a't; cA05Ab bpuiTjueAll tT)]Uif, 66]|t, 
bo b'Ajle clob, ioi;a cotf)bA|l. 

2I5 ceAcc b6]b ujle Ajt aoij bAll, 
bo UbA|ft. 50 ceAT)T)f a |i|5 i)A 1/05 ; 
A5UT; a bub*\|Tic, " if 6 fco 0|f|i) hjac t*1t)0> 
cejle C6.0]i) HjAtb C]i)t) 6||t." 



2G1 

0. " What beauteous country is that 

gentle daughter of the golden locks ! 
Of best aspect that the eye has seen, 
Or is it the ' Land of Youth V " 

" It is, truly, generous Oi3in ! 

1 have not told a lie to you concerning it, 
There is nothing I promised thyself 

But is manifest to thee for ever." 

To us, came after that 

A hundred maids of exquisite beauty, 
Under garments of f:ilk filled with gold, 
Welcoming me to their own country. 

We saw again approaching, 

A multitude of glittering bright host, 
And a noble great and powerful king, 
Of matchless grace, form and countenance. 

There was a yellow shirt of silken satin 
And a bright golden garment over it, 
There was a sparkling crown of gold, 
Radiant and shining upon his head. 

We saw coming after him 

The young queen of highest repute; 

And fifty virgins sweet and mild, 

Of most beautiful form in her company. 

When all arrived in one spot, 
Then courteously spoke the " King of Youth," 
And said, "This is Oisin the son of Fionn, 
The gentle consort of ' Golden-headed Niamh !' " 



262 

O. <t>o iiutj fe oftn? aijt; f|r* aji lAiri}, 

A5111* a bubA-fic a 3-c6rr}-A|tb bo't) c-fldi; ; 

" A 0|f jt) CAlttJA, A TT}]C At} ftjj, 

ceAb tt?]le f A]lce ji6rt)AC." 

" 2lt) cf|t fo lor)' A|i ca^^r f^tj, 
i)] ce-lfeAb j-j^aIa opx 3At) 50; 
II* f <\bA, buAij e bo f ao-zjaI, 
A'f be|8 cu fe*t) cojbce 05." 

" Nj'l AO]br)eAf bA'ft fnjAO|tj|5 cftojSe, 
i;ac b-pu]l 'fAij cjit feo f a'b c6rt?A|ft, 
a Oini), c|te]b u<x|tij 50 fjofi, 
5 tt T» ">ir e T»1S ^lT» V* t>-65-" 

" 215 fO At) b<\]V]l]054.]y CAOtT), 

A V o/jUTjeAij f&i** N|Arb C]i) 6|jt; 
bo cua]6 CAfi TT)ii*-rf)ui|i fab' 66-ij, 
cutrj bejc ti7Aft cejle ajc* 50 beo." 

43o 5Ab<\|* bii|8eACA|* lejf at? ftj-5, 

a']* b'utT)lu]5CAf J*] Of bo'l) fljO^Afr) CO||t, 
l)|0|t fCAb<\8 AT-1* fft; 30 1)6Af5Al& l]Ut), 

30 |tAi*5Art7Ai*t fi.j05b1t.03 ^5 tja u-63. 

l t)0 CA1t-|3 UAJfle 1)A CACJ1AC CAOJtT*', 

]b||i feA|i A3Af rt)i)AO| jot/ A|t 5-cori)&A|l ; 
bj fleAb A'f feAfbA At)t- bo f jo]t, 
A|i peA& bejc r*-oj8ce A'f bejc l&. 

<t)o pofAb tt?e le HfAti) C]1)V o\\i, 

A PAbjiA|3 o't) K6|ri) i*a nj-bACul it'-bat), 

f |t) rt}AJt CUAbAf 50 Cjfl t)A O-65, 

3J6 bo|l|b b|toi)<NC l|Ott)fA CftACC. 



2G3 

0. He took me then by the hand, 

And said, [aloud to the hearing of ] the host, 
" O, brave Oisin ! O, son of the king- ! 
A hundred thousand welcomes to you !" 

" This country into which thou comest, 

I'll not conceal its tidings from you, in truth, 

Long and durable is your life, 

And thou thyself shalt be ever young." 

" There's not a delight on which the heart hath mused 
But is in this land awaiting thee ; 
! Oisin believe me in truth, 
For I am king of the ' Land of Youth !' ' 

11 This is the gentle Queen, 

And my own daughter the Golden-headed Niamli, 
Who went over the smooth seas for thee 
To be her consort for ever." 

I gave thanks to the King, 

And I bowed down to the gentle Queen, 

Nor staid we there, [but proceeded] soon, [Youth." 

Till we reached the royal mansion of the " King of 

There came the nobles of the fine fortress, 
Both men and women to meet us ; 
There was a feast and banquet continuously there, 
For ten nights and ten days. 

I espoused "Golden-headed Niamh," 

! Patrick from Rome of white croziers ! 
That is how I went to the " Land of Youth/' 
Tho' woeful and grievous to me to relate. 



264 
P. LeAt) bu|t)i) peAfbA A|t bo njeol, 

A OlflT) Offl t)A t)-ATltt? 1)-A|t ; 

C]ot)\)uy &'pA5bAif ^iji t)a 15-65, 

If £AbA fr6f l]Ott) 30 1)OCCA1fl f AC. 

Jt^ir b&imj At>o]f le ti)6ft 3fieAt)t), 

At) jtAjb AOt) clAt)1) A5A& |t6 NlATT), 

tjo't) pAbA bibjf a b-T^it i)A 1)03, 
A 1^Mr 3 At ) bfiou biiit)t) bo rS^Al 

O. <Do h) A5ATT) fte NiAri) c]t)t) d]\x, 

be clo]i)t) bu8 jto-tt)A|c 3t)AOj a'j* rs^m; 
bo b'peC\|t|i be|lb, cjtuc A5itf ft)68, 
b^f rt)AC 65 A5uf* ii)5eAt) cAoti). 

<t)o cAjceAf cjteinjfe pAbA cjAt), 
Cftj ceAb bl|A8A]t) A5Af t)|Of tt)6 ; 
311JI fmAOjr;i5 tt)e 50 tt)bA b'e tt)0 tbjAf), 
"p\o\)y 'f At) piApt; b'^Aicrit) beo. 

P. 21 0]|-jr), c-fUATitc leAi) bob' f3eAl, (t) 

A V TWIT fe »10t) ca b-pu^l bo clAt)i); 
CAbAiJt 8u|i)r) 5At) rtjo|ll A i)-A|t)tt), 

A'f At) CftJC 't)A b-f.'Ull]b At)t) ? 

O. Bj A3 N|Att) £A T)A 3-c6rt)A|ii, (t) 

t]\i t)A t)-65, t)A rt)-beo 'f t)A tt;-buAb ; 
pleAfS IT coit6|t) be'u |tl3-6]Ti, 
a'|* iort)Ab |*eojb t)Ac t)jrt) bo Iua8. 

"Cll3 N]Ati) Aft Jt)0 bjf tt)AC, (t) 

A]i)tt) rt)'ACA|i a'|* rt)0 bei5-tt)]c ; 
T^iopt) oiftbeAjtc, ceAi)t) t)A flit A3, 

'fAt) C-Of3A]l 0|fl-A|ttT)-llUA8. 



2G5 

P. Continue for us further thy tale, 

golden Oisin of the slaying arms ! 

How didst thou leave the " Laud of \outh," 

I, yet, think it long till you reveal the cause. 

Tell to us now with great pleasure, 
Hadst thou any children by Nianih, 
Or how long wert thou in the " Land of Youth," 
Relate to us, without grief, thy story, 

0. I had by Golden-headed Niamh, 

Of children of surpassing beauty and bloom, 
Of best form, shape, and countenance, 
Two young sons and a gentle daughter. 

I spent a time protracted in length, 
Three hundred years and more, 
Until I thought 'twould be my desire 
To see Fionn and the Fianna alive. 

P. pleasant Oisin continue thy story, 
And tell us where are thy children ; 
Give us, without delay, their names, 
And the land in which they are. 

0. Niamh had awaiting them, 

The Land of Youth — the Land of Life, and the land 

of Virtues : 
A wreath and crown of the kingly gold, 
And many 'ewels I do not mention. 

Niamh gave to my two sons 

The names of my father and of my good son, 
Noble Fionn — head of the hosts — 
And Osgar of the red golden arms. 



266 

O. £u3uf jt&id bort) CAori) -]W5]V, (t) 

]te b-AOt)cA N]A?b At) oifi-cir>r) ; 
bo buAb <x n)Aife 'fA 3t)6-5eAr), 

At) C-A1T)n) ^Op, P^T 1 *?* TT}bAT)." 

a't Aft TT)0 C§lle CAOJT), NlAlT) Cjr)t} 6]ft ; 

bul 50 b-6mi T w cA|t A]r Ajtir, 

b'peACA|i) 7 r ]T^n> A5^r A rboft-fl6i5. 

" <Do 5eAbA]|i ceAb u^rv," Aft At) fr^eAp CAorb, 
" c']8 bojlb Ar> |*56aI l]orp cu be|C b'A. Iua8; 
A]t eA5Al t)Afi ceACc bu^c Ajqf |teAb jt&, 
bort) cfft F&|t), a 0|fiu buAbAij." 

" CjieAb if eA5Al bujor), a jijcnjAit) blAjc, 
'fAtj c-eAC bAi) bo bejc ^a'tt) p&IT 1 * 
n)u|i)pi8 atj c-eolup bu|t)i) 30 f <\rb, 
a'|* £|Uj:|b f^ CA I X ')' A ir cii5Ab peit;. ' 

" Ciiitbi)i5 a 0\y]\-), CAb ca nje jiAb, 
ti)A leA5A]|t cpAcc A|i caIah) |i&]8 ; 
ijac ceAcc bu|c coibce Aft'if* 50 bjt&cAC, 
bot) cjft AlA|t)i)-f*eo 'i)A b-pi]l|rr) pe|T). 

" 21 be|jt]tt) leAc-]*A Ajtjf* 5AI) 56, 
tt)A cuj|iljr)5|fi pop be't) cac bAt) ; 
i)A qucf Aift coibce 50 T^fi ua tj-65, 
a 0]f)t) 6|ft i;a t)-A]iii7 1/A15. 

" 21 bo]]i\rt) leAC bo'r? cfteAf peAcc, 
vj'a'y ccacc be'i) eAC bujt £ejt) ; 
50 tt)-be|bjjt Ab' f-eAi;6||t cjajot)A bAll, 
5at; lujc, 5At; 3JteAiJij, 3A0 ]t]i, 3A1; I 



6inj ! 



267 

0. I, myself, gave to my gentle daughter, 
By consent of golden-headed Niamh, 
In virtue of her beauty and loving countenance, 
The true name — Plur-na-mban, [the flower of 
women.] 

I asked leave of the king, 
And of my kind spouse — golden-headed Niamh, 
To go to Brian back again, 
To see Fionn and his great host. 

" Thou wiltget leave from me," said the gentle daughter, 
" Though 'tis a sorrowful tale to me to hear you 

mention it, 
Lest thou mayest not come again in your life 
To my own land, victorious Oisin I" 

" What do we dread, blooming Queen ! 
Whilst the white steed is at my service, 
He'll teach me the way with ease, 
And will return safe back to thyself." 

" Remember Oisin I what I am saying, 
If thou layest foot on level ground, 
Thou shalt not come again for ever 
To this fine land in which I am myself. 

" I say to thee again without guile, 

If thou alightest once off the white steed, 

Thou wilt never more come to the ' Land of Youth,' 

golden Oisin of the warlike arms ! 

" I say to thee for the third time, 
If thou alightest off the steed thyself, 
That thou wilt be an old man, withered, and blind, 
Without activity, without pleasure, without run, 
without leap. 



268 

O. " Jr ^il]3 l]ort), a 0]f]V 3tmw> (t) 
cu 6ul 50 b-6>lMt)t) 5IAI* 50 beoj ; 
t)i'l |*i Atjoif awa-I bo b^ ; 
*\ V) freicpi|t coi&ce T^ot)*) t)A plo3A&. 

M H|1 Aijoif A v&W]VV uile, (f) 
acc ACAjji u-ftb V plo-Tjce MAorb ; 

a OiniJ SPIW r eo "J° P 6 5> 

1)1 cAfpAijt co]8ce, 50 T^ft i)A ^-63." 

^'p^ACiif fiiAf 'tja 5t)ii]f le c|iuA3, (f) 
\ bo f-jl ott)' |tOf*3A boftcA beoft ; 
A pAb|iuj5 bu6 cjiiiAJ leAc \, 
a |tAobA6 pole Ar> d|t)i) 6] ft. 

<Do CUJft pi Tt)e £AO' jeApA C|tlt£W]&, (f) 

bul 11* ceACC 3 At) biiA'rjc fie bAt), 
a']* bubAfttt l]Ott) bo buA6 a tD-bpi^e, 

b^A TT)-b|tlf*|T)t) fAb 't)A CAf*f:A]t)t) ]*l&9. 

<t)o 5e<vllAp b| 5AC vj\ 5AT) bjieA3, 

50 3-c6|ri)ljoi)f*Ajt)i) f:e|T) A t)-biibA||tc \\ Ijott) ; 

bO CUA8Af Aft tt)U*t) At) e|6 bA]T), 

a'p b'pAsbAf plAt) A5 luce At) bii]i). 

<Do pOJAf-fA H)0 Cqle CAO't), 

'f bA bubAC t*'t)t) A3 f5A|iA8 le] ; 

Tt)0 &1f tDAC, 'x tt)'lt)3CAt) 63, 

bo bj pAO| bjiot) A3 |*|leA8 beAji' ! 

<t)0 3leA|*A|* OJtfT) CUtt) pjul)A|l, 

'l* bo CU3AI* rt)o cul bo T^^jt T)A t)-63 ; 
bo ft*c Ai) c-eAC 30 1)ca**3ai8 putt), 

rt)A|t bo }\\T)\) l]Ott), A*f le NjAtt) C|t)t) opt. 



209 

0. " 'Tis a woe to me, loving Oisin, 

That thou ever goest to green Erinn ; 

'Tis not now as it has been ; 

And thou never shalt see Fionn of the hosts. 

" There is not now in all Erin, 

But a father of orders and hosts of saints ; 

loving Oisin ! here is my kiss, 

Thou wilt never return to the ' Land of Youth !'" 

I looked up into her countenance with compassion, 
And streams of tears ran from my eyes, 

Patrick ! thou wouldst have pitied her 
Tearing the hair off the golden head. 

She put me under strict injunctions 

To go and come without touching the lea, 
And said to me by virtue of their power, 
If I broke them that I'd never return safe ; 

I promised her each thing, without a lie, 
That I would fulfil what she said to me ; 

1 went on the back of the white steed 

And bade farewell to the people of the fortress. 

I kissed my gentle consort, 

And sorrowful was I in parting from her, 
My two sons, and my young daughter 
Were under grief, shedding tears. 

I prepared myself for travelling, 
And I turned my back on the " Land of Youth," 
The steed ran swiftly under me, 
As he had done with me and " golden-headed Niamh." 



270 

ATI 3AC v] bA'ft CeAl)5Tt)Al8 lion) pfeitfj 
tjo 30 &-c^r)]5 ti)6 A|t]r cati i)'ait>, 

21 PAbftU'3 1}A l/dflb A3Uf 1)A l)AOtT), 

tvjoft ]T)r)ifeA]* bjt6A5 bujc tiiatt) frof ; 

tltj A3Ab-f a ^ac 1170 r3 & ll> 

'f ttjAti b'pAsbAf f^i*} "Ci|t tja i)-63- 

<D'a Tt)bei6it)T)-|-e ?&]v, a pAbTiAis, 

AlbAll bO b^Of-fA AT) lA ub F&J1), 

bo cu]rifir)t) bo cl&nt 50 le^ri cuttj bAif, 
a'** ceAi)T) Ari b|tA5A]b t)i beA& Arrj 6&15 ! 

<D'a bpA3Air)t)fe J^irire b&'rj i)-ArtAt), 
rr>ATi 3e-btT)t) 3AC ctiac 6 ^pjor)-); 
bo 3u-&t*itK> euro |t]3 tja t>-3?tar> 
cu beic 50 flAt) 6f A 6]or)T). 

P. <Do 5eAbA||t AftAT) A3Af beoc, 

3AI) aot) locc Aijoif ua-tto P&lt) ; 
]y b]X)V liorn-fA 311c bo beo'l. 
Y leAt> buit)*) pof ATI bo ]*3&aI. 

O. 21 ti ceACc bom -p^ir) ad fit) a b-qfi, 

b'^ACAf CTlU]T)t) At) 3AC Ulle A'Jtb ; 

bO fTT)AO*T)eAf AT)T> f'T} 30 tfOTl, 

T)AC TlA^b CUAITllfS ^11)*) &3ATI) le FA3A1I ! 

Njojt b-f AbA bort) A3Af tjjoTi c*AT), 

30 b-jreACA Ai)|A|t A5 ceAcc frA'rrj be]t) ; 

TTJATlcfluAS TTjOfl *b]Jt feATlAjb A3Uf rf)T)A, 
'f bO CAt)3AbATl Art/ lACA'Jt f*&1rt. 



271 

0. Our story is not told in full, 

Of every thing that occurred to myself, 

Until I came again back 

To green Erin of the many jewels. 

Patrick of the orders and of the saints, 
I never yet told you a falsehood, 
There is to thee the reason of my story, 
And how I left the " Land of Youth." 

If I myself had been, Patrick ! 
As I was, that self-same day, 
I would put thy clerics all to death, 
And a head on a neck would not be after me. 

If I got plenty of the bread 

As I used to get, at all times, from Fionn, 
I would pray to the king of grace 
To have thee safe, over it. 

P. Thou wilt get bread and drink, 

Without any fault now from myself, 
Melodious to me is the voice of thy mouth, 
And continue for us still thy story. 

0. On my coming, then, into the country, 
I looked closely in every direction, 
I thought then in truth 
That the tidings of Fionn were not to be found. 

'Twas not long for me nor tedious, 
Till I saw from the west approaching me, 
A great troop of mounted men and women, 
And they came into my own presence. 



272 

O. <Do beAT)r)U|5&AbAri borp 50 CAO]r), f&jrri, 
a't bo 5^ib lOt^ArjeAp 5<xc 11-Aor) b]ob ; 

Aft f AlCfltl TTJ&Ab TTJO peAjtfAlJ £&]!), 

rrjo 8e]lb, rrjo 506 A5Af rpo 5r)AO]^ 

♦D'piApiiujseAf jr&jrj Atir) tip bjob pub, 
At) 5-cuAlAbAri "p|ot)t) bo be\i beo ; 
t)6 A|t rbAift aoi) e|le be't) "p^tit) 
t)6 cjieAb 6 Ar) l&ut) bo bAit) bo^b ? 

" <Do cuAlArt)A]fit)e cfiAcc Ajt ^jorjt), 
Aft rjeAftc, aji lu]c, A5uf Aft cfieAfl ; 

T)AC flA]b jllAri) A fAtTJAflc fub, 

a b-peAftfAiw, a 5-clu, A5U]* a rrf^]r)\). 
")X fOip&A leAbA|i r^rtjobcA yjoy, 

T)AC lfe||l 1ft)!) A]Cft||* 8ufC 50 ffO|l, 

aji 6ACCA|b plijn A5uf Ajt at) b-'peji)!). 

" <t)o cuAlArt)A]ri 30 itAfb A5 "p|or)r), 
ttjac bub lor)r)|iAC f5e|rb *f dob, 
50 b-CAii)i5 615-beAi) £AO| i)A 6fe|ij, 
Y5A i)-beACA|b lej 50 'Cjri iia 9-65." 

MuA||t cuAlAf p&iD At? corfjjtAb ub, 

r)A'|t rbAjfi "p|or)t} 't)A rjeAC be't) f"fe|B1), 
bo ^Iaca]* cujitfe A'f rt)6ri cuit)a8, 
Y bA lAtj-bubAC rrje iot)A t)-b6|5 ! 

Njort T-cAbAf-fA ajjt) f|i) be't) fiejrt), 
50 Iuac eAf5A|8 5At) Aoti rii0|ll; 
30 b-cus^r tp'A5A]6 50 3U0 tiejb, 
Ajt 2llrbA|r; gaccac, leACAti l,A|5eArj. 



273 

0. They saluted me kindly and courteously, 
And surprise seized every one of them, 
On seeing the bulk of my own person, 
My form, my appearance, and my countenance. 

I myself asked then of them, 
Did they hear if Fionn was alive, 
Or did any one else of the Fianna live, 
Or what disaster had swept them away ? 

" We have heard tell of Fionn, 

For strength, for activity, and for prowess, 
That there never was an equal for him 
In person, in character, and in mien. 

There is many a book written down, 

By the melodious sweet sages of the Gaels, 
Which we in truth, are unable to relate to thee, 
Of the deeds of Fionn and of the Fianna." 

We heard that Fionn had 

A son of brightest beauty and form, 

That there came a young maiden for him 

And that he went with her to the " Land of Youth." 

When I myself heard that announcement, 
That Fionn did not live or any of the Fianna, 
I was seized with weariness and great sorrow, 
And I was full of melancholy after them ! 

I did not stop on my course, 
Quick and smart without any delay, 
Till I set my face straightforward 
To Almhuin of great exploits in broad Leinster. 
18 



274 

O. Ba tt)6|i 6 trj'iorjjATjcui 4 Ai)t) pub, 

t)ac ^eACA]8 cujjtc y-]^t) t)a rlojj ; 
V) T^b 't)A b]Ot)Ab Ai)t) 50 Tqofi, 
acc ^lA&Ajle, pljoS A5uf TjeAijtjcos ! 

Uc a PAbjtuj5 ! a't* uc, tt)oi)uati ! 
bA beAl'6 at; cuaijic A5<vri}-p* 6, 
5<xtj cuo.^-irs ftw 'da da b-piAgt?, 
& p^3 f AOI p| AT) rt)0 le'it) |t& ! 

P. CI Gjfjt) ! f3;i|;i At)Oif be'b bnot), 

f|l bO 8«301|t Aft Ob 1 a t)A t)-5\i&y, 
c'a "pioun fAi) ^aut) z\i\]i 50 leort, 
a't* r;fl a b-ir5|ft|5C|t) pub 50 briAc. 

O. Ba rijori ai; CJ111A3 V\Q> A P^fc>T tA 1S» 

}'|oiit) 50 bjtAc bo be|G a b-pejt); 
1)6 CfteAb e at) c5]ji bo TU13 ati buA]8, 
fA Ijacc Iaoc crtuAi.8 bo cu]c leif peir). 

P. Jr- e c t)]A bo 111x3 buAb Airt %ov\), 

a't* T)j r;eA]ic T)Ari)Ab 'r>A cneAi)-lArr), 
A 5 U 1* A T* At ? b-"pe]i)T) u]le n)Aft 6, 
a T)-|t;TteAi)T) bAou b'A fjou cua8 ! 

O. 21 P<\b]iAj3 Vciu|tu|3 n)e 'f^') *Mc, 

'i)A b-pu|l f]oi)\) Art lAi,ri) A311T* at) %&W), 
Y t)] b-pujl ipj;aAT)T) 't)A r:lAiieAT; Ai)i), 
bo cu||ii:eA& pA ceAt)i)pr>Acc ]Ab. 

21)a'|- a rji) aca Of*3Aii rrjo itjac pe|t), 
ai) Iaoc La c|toji)c a b-cjionj-^leo ; 
i)joji cutt)a8 |t) n:jteAi)i) 'i)A b-plA]ceAf <De, 
buj8oAi) b'A tijejb i;ac tjieAr/SAjto^Ab ! 



275 

0. Great was ray surprise there, 

That I did not not see the court of Fionn of the hosts ; 
There was not in its place in truth 
But weeds, chick-weeds, and nettles. 

Alas, Patrick ! and alas, my grief! 
A miserable journey it was to me, 
Without the tidings of Fionn or the Fianna ; 
It left me through life under pain. 

P. Oisin ! now desist from thy grief, 

Shed thy tears to the God of Grace, 
Fionn and the Fianna are weak enough, 
And relief is not theirs for ever. 

0. That would be a great pity, Patrick ! 

That Fionn should be in pain, for ever ; 
Or what pursuers gained victory over him, 
Since many a hardy hero fell by himself. 

P. It is God who gained victory over Fionn, 

And not the strength of enemy or strong hand, 

And over all the Fianna like him, 

Condemned to hell, they are eternally tormented. 

0. Patrick ! direct me into the place 

In which Fionn is in hands and the Fianna, 
And there is not a hell or a heaven there 
That will put them under subjection. 

If Osgar my own son be there, 

The hero that was bravest in heavy conflict, 
There is not created in hell, or in the Heaven of God 
A host tho' great, that he would not destroy. 



276 

P. \.^]^nj]b b'Ajt u-|ort)A]tbai8 A|i 5AC CAob, 

&'y le,M) beb' r^eAl, a Oi|-]t) A15; 
CAb bo catiIa 8uic 'ua be^j, 
CAft fef f t)A "pejrjrje beic Afi U\|t ! 

O. Jr;r>eof*Ab ?6ii) n9 Sujc, a PAbrmis, 

cA:t ?]}• rr;e. r^SOAjf 2ilrbujij LA]jeAr), 
1)] riAib aoi; AicrieAb i)A fiA^b at) y-\AVV, 
T)Cv'ti cuA|tcu|5eAr" 30 bjAt) 5AT) Aoy ii?0]ll. 

2l]t ruo T-Ab^jl born cpe TjleAiin at) ftijojl, 1 
bo courjAjpc rue tr;6fi-c|iii|r)t)|U5Ab atjo ; 
crn c6Ab pe<x|i A5iir* r>j bA rbo, 
bo b| riorbArp At)i)f' atj tj-jleAUt). 

( t)o UbAiti btijne 8e't) cft^Ab, 

A5Af a bubAijtc pe be 511c 6|* A|ib ; 
" cAfifi b'ajt 5-CAbA|ri, A ]1|05-Iao|6, 

a'|* pilAf5A|l r-|IJt) Af At) 3-CflUAb-CAI* !" 

( '^1^13 ,T ^ ^W no bo lC\CA|rt, 

A 'f M°3 "^r 1 Ti)A]inju|[t A5 ai) 1*165 ; 

bj TTjeASACAtJ t)A lejCe OTICA AllUAt*, 

'fA cuii b]ob piAf, i)jo|i b'tl-e|b|fi leo ! 

21i) ciqb aca b] jrA'r) lie nop, 

bo b]obAii b'A 5-clAO]beArr) 50 pAtir) ; 

le tftuirne ad uaIai,5 rb6|ri, 

bo ca]U 50 le6|i b]ob a lueAbAjft ! 

'Do lAbAjji bujije bo r>A rrjAOjri, 

a-jUj' a bubAjfic, " a lM 3"3 A ir3 e ^bAi5'6|5 ; 
Vuai-jaU ^OAfcA Art rrio bujbeAi), 
i)6 bii|r>e bjob, i;j bfe|8 boo ! ' 

' o'ioaijt ai) rii)6|l, <Afc va//ey 0/ <Ae thrush, now anglicized Glonasmole. 



277 

P. Let us leave off our controversy on each side 
And continue thy story, valiant Oisin ! 
What occurred to thee after that, 
Subsequently to the Fianna being low. 

0. I, myself will tell thee that, Patrick !— 
After I left Almhuin of Leinster, 
There was not a residence where the Fianna had been, 
But I searched accurately without any delay. 

On my passing thro' the glen of the thrushes, 
I saw a great assembly there, 
Three hundred men and more 
Were before me in the glen. 

One of the assembly spoke, 
And he said with a loud voice : 
" Come to our relief, kingly champion ; 
And deliver us from difficulty !" 

I, then came forward, 
And the host had a large flag of marble, 
The weight of the flag was down on them, 
And to uphold it, they were unable ! 

Those that were under the flag below, 
Were being oppressed, weakly, 
By the weight of the great load 
Many of thein lost their senses. 

One of the stewards spoke 

And said : — " princely young hero i 

Forthwith relieve my host, 

Or not one of them will be alive." 



278 

O. )x DfyjieAc ai) bcAjtt, At;o|f le jiA8, 
a't* At) ojfieAb acA b'peAftAib At)t), 
t)ac r]ocpA8 le TreATic at) c-|*l6|3, 
ai) l]05-|*o co5b<\]l 30 lAi)-ceAt)T)." 

OD'a rtjA|]teA8 0|'5A|i tt)ac O^t), 

bo beATtpAb atx At) I105-P 't)A SeAf-lAim, 
bo cu]|tpeA8 b'ujicATt j caji at) fluAJ, 
V] b fie A3 -\x 8"aI borr) At)0|j* bo TtC\8. 

<t>o luibeAf Aft Tt)o cliACAt) beAf, 
V bo ]tu5A|* ati At) leic Art) lAin) ; 
le t)eA]tc A5itf le luc n)o 3&A3, 
bo cu|[ieA|* f-eAcc b-peitiT-e ) 6 t)A fj&jc. 

Le T.-ef5n) t)A le|ce lAT)-ri)6iTi, 

bo bjtif 3io]tcA 6]]\ at) eic bAti) ; 

bO CAt^Aj'-fA Al)UAf 50 lCM)-bOCC, 
ATI b0T)t) TT)0 &A COf ATI At) Tt)-bAt) ! 

N] c£ MT3 e cait)]5 rt)e at)uat-, 
i)A 51AC u att) At; at) c-eAc bAt), 

b'|TT)q5 AT) fJT) CUTT) T-jubAjl, 

'X rr)|fe pA pubAft 50 Iaj, clAjc ! 

<t)0 CA]lleA|* ATT)ATtC TT)0 f ul, 

TT)0 &CAlb 17)0 31)U|T- 'l' TT)0 T^Ajl, 

bo bjoT- att)' feAT)6|Tt bocc oaII, 

5A1) bft!3, 5AT) TT)eAbA1Tt, 3AT) A]ttb ! 
21 pAbTlA13, T-jt) A5Ab TT)0 njeAl, 

njAjt cAtiIa 8ott) t.-e|r) 3AT) 36; 
tt)o 8ul A311P Tt)'itt)ceAcc 30 beAcc, 

A'f TT)0 ceACC CAJt tT)'A1T- 6 "CjTt 1)A 1)-03 ! 



279 

0. 'Tis a shameful deed, that it should now be said, 
And the number of men that is there, 
That the strength of the host is unable 
To lift the flag with great power. 

If Oscur the son of Oisin lived, 

He would take this flag in his right hand, 
He would fling it in a throw over the host — 
It is not my custom to speak falsehood. 

I lay upon my right breast, 

And I took the flag in my hand, 

With the strength and activity of my limbs 

I sent it seven perches from its place ! 

With the force of the very large flag, 
The golden girth broke on the white steed ; 
I came down full suddenly, 
On the soles of my two feet on the lea. 

No sooner did I come down, 

Than the white steed took fright, 

He went then on his way, 

And I, in sorrow, both weak and feeble. 

I lost the sight of my eyes, 

My form, my countenance, and my vigour, 

I was an old man, poor and blind, 

Without strength, understanding, or esteem. 

Patrick ! there is to thee my story, 
As it occurred to myself without a lie, 
My going and my adventures in certain, 
And my returning from the " Land of Youth." 



280 

The following Prophecy by Caoilte, respecting Chain 
Cheasain, deserves preservation ; but want of space must 
excuse our offering a translation : — 

c2iojixe ko c\)%n. 

CIuait) CbeAfAir) ]xo clor aitjac, 
5ur a b-cAjijjeAb tt)ac Lu^Acb, 
b* Kor rt)]c "Cfieoir) 1 fort ATT > 031*11)0 
fie jtAe cojjeACc at) "CAjhjirjij. 

2icc 518 caucaji prAjlnj po reAc, 

a 5-CluAiD CbeAfAit) i)A 5-cl6||ieAc; 
&b cor)r)Ajtc Ar> CbluAITJ ctte]brbPAC, 
j:A 8ArbftAi8 TtuAb jio beAi)r)AC. 

56 beic lei^eAr ir at) Iatt), 
|to bj cai) at)T) bA b-orcAill ; 
lonb^iS b<x litjt) rt)Ari) At) c-rjtuc, 

A8bA8 CflAt)T)A At) clllATT) CflOCAC. 
2t)A1,C A dutt), A CA|tJtT)A, A \)-&V, 

n;A]c a tt)eAf jiaIac jto ctt^At) ; 

CAOTT) A b-Al|lT)l8e A'r A b'UblA, 

rt)A]C a b-ublA r:|Ot)T)-cubA]icA. 

"CA|t)15 AT) CAfttlT)3A1T.te CAT,ft, 

CluA|t) CeArA]t) A5 "CAil5eAt)t)A]b, 

A bubAlJtC 7^101)1) p]Al fTAll^eAC, 

50 tt)A]c ueitbe t)aott) Ai,t)5leAC. 

"C]i\ p|cc|oc I1J05A11) 50 jteAcc, 
bAbAji A5Att) ]r TT)6it A]rt)i)eA|tc; 

50 T)lb|0 A l0At/A ujle, 
|tobfATT) deACCAC clllAt)U|8e. 

1 Ros mic Treoin is the old and present Irish name of the town of 
New Ross in the county of Wexford. 



S$2lC-3NJ2t)2lRta f)HU 2t)2tC CU2t)-&Jll. 



THE BOYISH EXPLOITS 



OF 



FINN MAC CUMHAILL. 



EDITED BY 



JOHN O'DONOVAN, LL.D., M.R.I.A. 

CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, BERLIN. 



DUBLIN : 

PRINTED FOR THE OS8IANIC SOCIETY. 

1859. 



Letter addressed by Br. John 0' Donovan, to the 
President of the Ossianic Society. 



Dublin, Dec. 27th, 1858. 

Dear Sir Having, at your request, undertaken to translate into 

English — to lengthen out the abbreviations, and to fix the grammatical 
endings of the contracted words, in this notice of the boyish exploits of 

the celebrated Finn Mac Cumhaill, the Fingal of Mac Pherson's Ossian, I 

beg to offer you a few observations on the age and importance of the 
little tract, as well as of the manuscript from which it has been taken. 
This tract was copied letter for letter, and contraction for contraction 
from a fragment of the Psalter of Cashel now preserved in the Bodleian 
Library at Oxford (Laud. 610), by the Rev. Euseby D. Cleaver, M. A., 
of Christ Church, Oxford, in 1854, and now curate of S. Barnabas, 
Pimlico, London, whose progress in the study of the Irish language is 
truly wonderful, considering the slight advantages of oral instruction 
which he has possessed. He has copied this little tract so faithfully that 
I was able to understand it as well as if I had the original manuscript 
before me. No artist ever copied a portrait or inscription more accurately. 
This manuscript was examined in the year 1844 by the Rev. Dr. Todd, 
S.F.T.C.D., who published a full account of its contents in the Proceed- 
ings of the Royal Irish Academy, vol. 2, p. 336, sq. In 1846 I examined 
it again with the most anxious care, and published a brief notice of its 
more important contents in the introduction to Leabhar na g-Ceart. It 
consists of 292 pages folio, vellum, and was transcribed in 1453 by John 
Boy O'Clery and others at Pottlerath, in the barony of Crannagh, and 
county of Kilkenny, for Edmund Butler, the head of the sept of Mac 
Richard, who afterwards became Earls of Ormonde. This manuscript 
remained in the possession of Mac Richard Butler till the year 1462, 
when Ormonde and he were defeated in a battle fought at Baile-an-phoill, 
now Pilltown, in the barony of Iverk, county of Kilkenny, by Thomas, 
Earl of Desmond, to whom he was obliged to give up this very copy of 
the Psalter of Cashel, together with another manuscript (now unknown), 



284 

called the Book of Carrick-on-Suir. This fact appears from a memoran- 
dum on fol. 110, p. b, of which the following is a literal translation : — 

" This was the Psalter of Mac Richard Butler, until the defeat at 
Baile-an phoill, was given to the Earl of Ormonde, and to Mac Richard 
by the Earl of Desm jiid ( Thomas), when this book and the book of 
Carrick, were obtained in the redemption of Mac Richard ; and it was 
this Mac Richard that had these books transcribed for his own use ; and 
they remained in his possession until Thomas, Earl of Desmond, wrested 
them from him." 

The foregoing memorandum was written in the manuscript, while it 
was in the possession of Thomas, Earl of Desmond, whose name ' ' Thomas, 
of Desmond," appears in English, in his own hand, on fol. 92, a., See 
Leabhar na g-Ceart, Introduction, pp. xxviii — xxx. The publication of 
t'.is manuscript, as it stands, would be a great desideratum in Irish liter- 
ature, and I trust that Sir John Romilly will not think it unworthy of 
his attention. 

I am of opinion that this little tract is of great antiquity, and contains, 
perhaps, the oldest account we have remaining of Finn and his cotem- 
poraries. You will observe that the style is extremely simple, and alto- 
gether devoid of that redundancy of epithets which characterises the 
prose compositions of later ages, which are equalled only by those of 
" El famoso Feliciano de Silva." 

The celebrated Irish antiquary, Duald Mac Firbis, in his genealogical 
work, pp. 435, 436, gives various pedigrees of the famous Irish hero, 
Finn Mac Cumhaill. Some deduce his descent from the Orbhraighe of 
Druim Imnocht, others from the Corco Oiche, a sept of the Ui-Fidhgeinte, 
who were seated in the present county of Limerick. Some state that he 
sprung from the Ui-Tairsigh of Ui-Failghe, a plebeian sept, while other 
genealogists maintain that he came of the Ui-Tairsigh of the Luaighni 
Teamhrach of Fera-Cul in Bregia, which was one of the three septs from 
whom the chief leader of the Fians, or Irish militia, was elected. Mac 
Firbis, however, states that this discrepancy must have arisen from mis- 
taking one Finn for another; but that by far the greater number of the 
authentic Irish authorities agree in deducing the pedigree of the famous 
Finn Mac Cumhaill from Nuada Neacht, the fourth son of Sedua 
Sithbhaic, the ancestor of the kings of Leinster. 

By the mother's side, Finn Mac Cumhaill was descended from Tadhg, 
son of Nuadhat, son of Aice, son of Daite, son of Brocan, son of Fintan 
of Tuath-Daite in Bregia. This Mac Firbis believes to be his true ma- 
ternal descent, though others 6tate that his mother was Torba, daughter 
of Echuman of the Ernaans of Dun-Cearmna (the old head of Kinsale, 
in the county of Cork), and that he had a half-brother by the mother's 
side, who was called Finn Mac Gleoir. 



285 

Mac Firbis adds that Finn Mac Cunihaill possessed, in right of his 
office of leader of the Fians, seven ballys, or townlands, out of every 
tricha-ched, or hundred, in Ireland ; that he was born in the third year of 
the reign of Conn of the Hundred Battles, and died in the year 283. 

Some genealogical books give the pedigree of our hero thus : — Finn, son 
of Cumhall, son of Trtfnmor, son of Subalt, son of Ealtan.pon of Baiscne, 
son of Nuada Necht : others, Finn, son of Cumhall, son of Baiscne, 
son of Tr&imor, son of Ferdarath, son of Goll, son of Forgall, son of 
Daire, son of Deaghaidh, son of Sin ; but of the various pedigrees of 
our hero which Mac Firbis has copied from Irish authorities, the follow- 
ing is the only one that can be considered authentic : — 

1. Nuada Necht, 

I 

2. Fergus Failge, ancestor of the Kings of Leinster, 

I I 

3. Rossa Ruadh, 3. So-alt, 

I I 

4. Finn, the poet, king of Leinster, 4. Alt, 

5. Conchobhar Abhraruadh, 5. Cairbre Garbhroin, 

I 1 

6. Moghcorb, king of Leinster, 6. Baeiscne, 

I I 

7. Cucorb, king of Leinster, 7. Modh, 

I I 

8. Nia Corb, 8. Buan, 

I I 

9. Cormac Gealtagaoith, 9. Fergus, 

I I 

10. Feilimidh Firurglais, 10. Trendorn, 

I I 

11. Cathaeir Mor, monarch of Ireland, 11. Trenmor, 

A.D., 177. I 

12. Cumhall, 

I 

13. Finn Mac Cumhaill, si. 284. 

He had a sister named Sidh, who was proverbial in Ireland for her 
fleetness of foot, and who was the mother of Caoilte Mac Ronain, also 
famous in the Fenian tales for his agility. He had another sister, 
Seogen, who was the mother of Cobhthach, son of Crunnchu. 

I have always believed that Finn Mac Cumhaill was a real historical 
personage, and not a myth or god of war, like the Hercules of the 
Greeks, the Odin of the Scandinavians, or the Siegfried of the Germans. 
He was the son-in-law of the famous Cormac Mac Airt monarch of Ire- 
land, and the general of his standing army. He was slain in the year 
A.D., 284, according to the Annals of Tighernach, a period to which our 
authentic history unquestionably reaches. (See Ogygia, part hi, c. 70). 

This celebrated warrior was, as we have seen, of the regal line of the 
kings of Leinster, of the Milesian or Scotic race (for my ingenious friend 
Mr. Herbert F. Hore has theorised in vain to prove him of Scandinavian 



28G 

origin) ; he had two residences in Leinster, one at Allen (Almhain,) in the 
present county of Kildare, and the other at Moyelly in the (now) King's 
County, both of which descended to him from his ancestors. Pinkerton, 
the most critical and sceptical writer that has ever treated of Irish and 
Scottish history, has the following remarkable words, in which he ex- 
presses his conviction of Finn's undoubted historical existence : — 

" He seems," says he, " to have been a man of great talents for the 
age, and of celebrity in arms. His formation of a regular standing army, 
trained to war, in which all the Irish aecounts agree, seems to have been 
a rude imitation of the Roman legions in Britain. The idea, though 
simple enough, shows prudence, for such a force alone, could have coped 
with the Romans had they invaded Ireland. But this machine, which 
surprised a rude age, and seems the basis of all Finn's fame, like some 
other great schemes, only lived in its author, and expired soon after 
him." — Inquiry into the History of Scotland, vol. ii, p. 77. 

Our own poet and historian, Moore, who read all that had been writ- 
ten by the Mac Phersons and the modern critics on the history of Finn, 
expresses his conviction that he was a real man of flesh and blood, and 
no god of war or poetical creation. He concludes his account of him in 
the following poetical strain. 

" It has been the fate of this popular Irish hero, after a long course of 
traditional renown in his country, where his name still lives, not only in 
legends and songs, but yet in the more indelible record of scenery con- 
nected with his memory, to have been all at once transferred by adop- 
tion to another country (Scotland), and start under a new but false 
shape, into a fresh career of fame." — History of Ireland, vol. i. p. 133. 

The only known descendants of our hero, now known to exist, are the 
Dal-Cais, i.e. O'Briens of Munster and their correlatives. Cormac Cas, king 
of Munster, who married Samhair (Samaria), the daughter of Finn by 
Gr&ine, daughter of Cormac Mac Airt, monarch of Ireland, and had by 
her, according to the Irish genealogists, three sons, Tinne and Connla, of 
whose race nothing is known, and Fearcorb, the progenitor of the Dal 
Cais, the hereditary enemies of the race of Cor.n of the Hundred Battles. 
After the death of Finn, the monarch Cairbre Liffechair, son of Cormac, 
the grandson of Conn of the Hundred Battles, disbanded and outlawed 
the ClannaBaeiscue, of whom Finn was then the head, and retained in his 
service their enemies, the Clanna-Morna, a military tribe of the Firbolgs 
of Connacht. The Clanna-Baeiscne th^n repaired to Munster to their 
relative, Fearcorb, who retained them in his service, contrary to tho 
orders of the Irish monarch. This led to the bloody battle of Gabhra 
(near the Boyne in Meath), in which the two rival military tribes 
slaughtered each other almost to extermination. In the heat of the ac- 
tion, Oscar, the grandson of Finn (and son of Oisin,) met the monarch 



287 

in single combat ; but fell, and the monarch retiring from the combat, 
was met by his own relative Semeon, one of the Fotharta, (a tribe that 
had been expelled into Leinster) who fell upon him after being severely 
wounded in the dreadful combat with Oscar, and despatched him by a 
single blow. 

Oisin and Caeilte Mac Ronain survived all the followers of our hero, 
and are fabled to have lived down to the time of St. Patrick (A.D. 432), 
to whom they related the wonderful exploits of Finn and his cotempo- 
raries. This, however, is incredible ; but it is highly probable that both 
lived to converse with some Christian missionaries who preceded the 
great apostle of Ireland, and who found it difficult to convert them from 
their pagan notions. 

There is a very curious dialogue, partly preserved in the book of Lis- 
more, and partly in a MS. in the Eodleian Library at Oxford, said to 
have been carried on between Caeilte, son of Ronan, and St. Patrick. 
This dialogue, notwithstanding its anachronism, or perhaps rather mis- 
nomer, is of great value to the Irish linguist, topographer, and antiquary, 
on account of the curious ancient forms of the language which it pre- 
serves, and the various forts, mounds, sepulchres, plains, mountains, 
estuaries and rivers which it mentions by their primitive and mediaeval 
names. 

Hoping that this tract will soon see the light under your auspices, as 
President of our Society, 

I remain, dear Sir, 

Yours very truly, 

JOHN O'DONOVAN. 

To 

William Smith O'Brien, Esq. 
President of the Ossianic Society. 



2t)2ic-5N)^2iRt^ vjnn jnn so sjs. 




O K21L21 cornc|t)6l ajj, ocuf irnpjcb beAbtbA, 
irt)or> p]AT)Ai5ecc ocuf in) AiibrnAen.- 
A^ecc &inet)i), ibijt Curt)ull tt)AC 
"Cnentnoin, ocuf Uiftsnent) rt)AC 
Lu|3ecb Cujnn, bo LuAisne, .1. bo 
Conco Ocbe Cujle Cboncunb botj 
^Cumuli xVOi A 1T* 0A b]b]*|be })-\X\ 
T^Ainnfi5 A cuACfon)[.i. cuac] Curnujll. 
TonbA, ir)5|r> 6ocl)Arr)Ait) bo 6nr>A]b, 
1|- 1 bA bAt)-cele bo Cburnull, no co 
CAnb 2t)ujn.ne 2t)uncAirt)- *CucAb lAnurn 
CAcb CnucbA eAcunnA .1. iqn Cuti)ull ocuf Unsjtenb. 

^AjneOeAns, rnAC 6cbA]b "pinb, nj]C Coiftpne 5^1<M5, 
rnjc 2i)u]|teAbAi3, ocuf a tt)ac, m. 2leb, ]C CAbAjnc -\t) 
cbAcbA ipAjtnAb 2t)utt7;Hinn. ^l]r)tv i)A|ll bon 'DAjne fin 
2t)ont;A 2t)uncAjrt). <Do beuAn jAjmrn j« CAcb iau fji) ; 
bo |iaIa jcen Lu]cec ocuf 2leb, n)AC 2t)ojit)A, if it) cbAc; 
50T)iif* Lucec 2leb, co nop mill a lecb-nopc, cot)ibbe no lil 
a Aii)itt) 3°U o nt) ile e. <Do cuic Lucec Ia 5°U > 5°UAf 
bAt) peji co|tt)ecA connbuih; a fee pcjfin Curnull ipt) 

1 (Chieftainship of the Fians, i.e. the leadership of the Irish militia. 

2 Cumhall. The best account of this military leader will be found in 
the battle of Cnueha, preserved in the book of Lismore. 

3 Luaighni, a famous military sept in Meath descended from Luaighni, 
one of the brothers of Conn of the hundred battles. Oyygia, part iii. c. 57. 

* Cuil Contuinn, a territory situated on the borders of tho present 
counties of Meath and Cavan. 

5 Cnueha. Connell Magheoghegan states in his translation of the 
annals of Clonmacuoise, A.l). 7"^6, that this is the place called Castle- 
knock, [near the river Lifley, county of Dublin. J 



THE BOYISH EXPLOITS OF FINN, DOWN HERE. 




HERE happened a meeting of va- 
lour, and contention of battle, re- 
specting" the chieftainship of the 
Fianns, 1 and the head-stewardship 
of Erin, between Cumhall, 2 son of 
Treannidr, and Uirgrenn, son of Lughaidh Corr, [one] of 
the Luaighne, 3 i.e. this Cumhall was of the Corca-oiche of 
Cuil-contuinn, 4 for of these the Hui-Tairsigh his tribe were 
[a subsection] . Torba, daughter of Eochaman [one] of the 
Ernaans, had been the wife of Cumhall, until he married 
Muireann Munchaemh, [Murinda of the fair neck] . The 
battle of Cnucha 5 was afterwards fought between them, i.e. 
between Cumhall and Uirgrenn. 

Daire Dearg, son of Eochaidh Finn, son of Coirpre Ga- 
lach, son of Muiredhach Muinderg, and his son Aedh, were 
fighting the battle along with Muirgrenn. Another name 
for this Daire was Morna Munchaim. The battle was then 
fought, Luichet and Aedh son of this Morna met to- 
gether [in single combat] in the battle ; Luichet wounded 
Aedh, and destroyed one of his eyes, so that from this the 
name of Goll 6 [Luscus] adhered to him from that time 
forth. Luichet fell by Goll. The keeper of his own 
corrbholg 7 of seds [treasure bag] wounded Cumhall, and 

« Goll is glossed Caech, and means one-eyed, the same as the Latin 
luscus. 

7 Corrbholg, i.e. a round bag, $ed means a jewel or any article of 

value. 

19 



290 

CAC. <t)0 CU|C Cumuli I A 3°^ n 1& c 2t)0fUJA If ]1) CAcb, 

ocuy bejnjb a frojbb ocuf a cenb le]f*, cor^b be f|n bu] 
pjcl; buijAb ]rjn *fit)\) ocup u;ac 2t)onnA, coinb be f]t) no 
cec |ij feAi;cljA]6 : — 

3oll mAC <DAne C)eTn5 co mblA|b, 
2t)]c 6cljA]b ^pjtJi nw A 3 A 1 l > 
21} jc CA]npne 3 A l<M& co t>3^l, 
213,0 2!}'.ii]teAbA]5 a pinbmA^. 

Fo TT)A]ib ooli Lujcec ha ceb, 
2i cacIj Cihica, nocbA buec, 
Uqcec pjrm ]ij 5A]fceb 5U11) 
La njAC 2t)onr)A bo nocbAjn. 

)x \&\x bo cujc Cumuli m6n, 

) CAC ClHlcbA T)A CAcb"]*l05 

2l|ne cucj*ac ]\) CAcb cenb, 
Jm piAi;A|becc nA \)-Q>]]ier)b. 

Bacau dAljbA 2t)6ftI)A -\Y]t) CAcb, 
Ocuj* LuAi5tje t)A "GemnAcb, 
21] n bA leo piAi)uj* pen "pAjl, 
T^n^A lA]m cac ni5 co nobAi5. 

Bu| mAc ac Cumuli co m-buAjb, 
)\) f]\m pujlecb pAebufi cftuAjb ; 
p]rm ocuf 3°U W ! 1 A ")blAb, 
"Cnetj bo nonnfAtAn co5Ab. 

J An \\\) bo noin)fACAn f]b, 
"p]t;b ocup 3°^ 'M c&i > t>3»)]iT), 
Co concuju BAtjb Siooa be, 
pAt) mu]cc a 'Cemuiji LuAjcne. 

2leb bA ljAinm bo m*c ^DAjjte, 
Con 5Aeb Lu^cec cop A|t)e, 
O no 5Aec mAc LuAi5t)e lonb, 
( t)Aine coij|tuiceA np- ^o\U 5- 

i Finnmhagh, otherwise Maghfinn, a plain in the barony of Athlone, 
county of Roscommon, at this period possessed by the Firbolgs, of whom 
the Clanna-Morna were a sept. 



291 

Cumhall fell by Ooll son of Morna in the battle, and carried 
oil his arms and his head ; and from this there was a funda- 
mental hatred between Finn and the sons of Morna, con- 
cerning which the historian sang: — 

" Goll was son of Daire Dearg of fame, 
Son of Eochaidh Finn of valiant deeds, 
Son of Cairbrc Galach of prowess, 
Son of Muireadhach of Finnmhagh. 1 

This Goll slew Luichet of hundreds, 
In the battle of Cnucha, no falsehood, — 
Luichet Finn of noble chivalry, 
By the son of Morna fell ! 

It was by him fell Cumhall the Great, 
In the battle of Cnucha of embattled hosts 
What they fought this stout battle for, 
Was for the Fian leadership in Erin. 

The Clanua Morna were in the battle, 
And the Luaighni of Teamhair 
For the Fiannship of the men of Fail was theirs 
Under the hand of each valiant king. 

The victorious Cumhall had a son ; 
The blood shedding Finn of hard weapons, 
Finn and Goll of great fame, 
Mightily they waged war. 

After this they made peace 
Finn and Goll, of the hundred deeds, 
Until the Banbh Sinn a fell 
On the plain at Teamhair Luachra, 2 

Aedh was the name of Daire's son, 
Until Luichet wounded him with dexterity, 
But since the stout son of Luaighne wounded him 
He was called by the name of Goll." 

* Teamhair Luachra, a place in Kerry not far from Castle Ieland, in 
the district of Sliabh Luachra. 



292 

CoftfiAcI) fto AccA]b CurDull a it)u<\i .1. 2t)u|iu;e, ocuf 
befits x\ W&c, ocuf bejiA Ait)tt) bo, .1. toewoe. "Cjc 
f|<\cc<v]l rt)AC Cot)cii)t) ocuj* BobbiDAll, b<M)bjtA|, ocuf 10 
LjAcb Uiac|ia bo r A 13 e& 2t)u]|ii)e, ocuf bejttib leo 10 
rt)AC, Ajjt r^ift lAti) a rbkcAifi a bee A]cce. 'puibjr ^Jl)u] jtt>e U 
"5\eo]\\ l,Arr)-be|t5, U |t] LArrjrio^e lAitbAtr), cot)| be^fjbe 
10 tiAb, "p|t)i) "7AC 5l eo !t 1 ' ^ u l & cT 1 ^ Bobbin ocuf 
ji) Lpcb> ociif -\\) rt)<\c leo 1 po|C|i|b Slejb] BlAbrt)<\. Ko 
b<\|'.ob 10 rtxvc At)b fji) 1 c<\|be. toeicbbifi or), aji bA 
bjrobA 51IU cA|lcA]ft qtrtfefOAC, ocuf Uecb r)e|rt)i)ecb 
r)<\irr)bi5e, ocii|* pejUjb pe^Acl) FfijcbuufAcb b0 l^ec|ti& 
Ltt-M-ne, ocuf bo n)\c&]h 2t)ofti)A pofi c] 11} tr;]c f]i), ocuf 
"CuIca n)\c Curouill. Ko Ajlpec lAtiuri) ]\) bA bAi;pe]t)bi5 
f|tj pft| fie pobA e pAt) fAmlAjb pi). 

"Cjc a mC\cA||t a c|t?b fe robljAbAt) lAri fji) bpjf a rt)]c, 
Ai|i bo biwnb b| a bee ip|t) ii)Ab uc, ocuj* bo rio bA becA^l 
le rt)<vc 2t)ortt)A bo. C|b criAcc acjiacc aj* cac pAfAcb lt)A- 
cele, co jiajijjcc pojcfiib Slebe BlAbrrjA; po5e]b it) f)Ai)- 
bo]cb ocup it) ti)ac ii;a coblAb ]t)t)Z], ocuj* cocbA]b pi At) 
o>ac it)<s b^ebe TATib<viT), ocup qropAjse £pqA be, ocup pi 
cpiort) iA|xurt). Cop|b Ai;b pji) bo piojr) t)A fiAt)t)A ic rt)U|rit) 
] rrj a rrjAC — 

CobAjl tie piiAt)Af) pA|rt)e, ^ftl. 

■C|rt)i)Af at) 11)510 celebpiAb bo r)A bArjpeiobebujb iAit 
fit), ocup Acbepic pp^u r)ort)5AbbAJp ft) rt)AC cott)Ab ]tj- 

1 Muireann. This was very common as the proper proper name of a 
woman among the ancient Irish. It is explained in Cormac's Glossary, 
as meaning mor-fhinn, long-haired. 

2 Lamhraighe, a people of Kerry in the west of Minister. 

3 SUabh Bladhma, i.e. the mountain of Blailhma, (Ogygia III., 16.) 
now Slievc Bloom on the confines of the King's and Queen's Counties. 
It is sometimes called Sliabh Smoil. The summit of this mountain is 
called 2i)ulL\ch C|ncAt)tj, the summit of Erin, and from it, the O'Dunnes 
have taken the motto of ?t)ulUch &.\\\c-.\\)\) ttbu ! 



293 

Cumhall left his wife pregnant, i. e. Muirenn, 1 and she 
brought forth a son, and gave him the name of Deimne. 
Fiacail the son of Cuchenn, and Bodhmall the Druidcss and 
Liath Luachra came to Muirenn and carried away the son, 
for his mother durst not keep him with her. Muirenn 
afterwards married Gleoir the Redhanded, king of Lamh- 
raighe, 2 from which Finn is called the eon of Gleoir. 
However Bodhmall and Liath taking the boy with them 
went to the forests of Sliabh Bladma, 3 where the boy was 
nursed secretly. This was indeed necessary, for many a 
sturdy stalworth youth, and many a venomous inimical hero 
and angry morose champion of the warriors of Luaighni, 
and of the sons of Morna, were ready to despatch that boy, 
and [also] Tulcha the son of Cumhall. But however the 
two heroines nursed him for a long time in this manner. 

His mother came at the end of six years after this to 
visit her son, for it was told to her, that he was at that 
place, and she feared the sons of Morna for him, i.e. [might 
kill him.] But however, she passed from one solitude to 
another, until she reached the forest of Sliabh Bladhma 
[Slieve Bloom,] and she found the hunting booth \_hut] and 
the boy asleep therein, and she afterwards lifted him and 
pressed him to her bosom, and she then pregnant [from her 
second husband,] and then she composed these quatrains 
caressing her son : 

" Sleep with gentle pleasant slumber, &c." 4 

The woman afterwards bids farewell to the heroines, 
and asked them if they would take charge of him till he 

* The rest of this Lullaby is lost. Indeed it would appear from the 
shortness of the sentences, and the abrupt and flighty nature of the 
composition, that the whole story has been very much condensed, and 
in some places mutilated. 



294 

£e|t)ebA e, ocuf |io foubAb \\) tnAC [Alqiurr; ft; rb]c] jati 
f|t; cuu bA bl^r e ^5 A e - 

"Cts-\\)\c \x) rrtAC ]V& Aermji irtjAcb fti AfiAile l'<\ At;b, ocuf |b 
coi)bA)|tc [11; puAf Iac1;a co] t;a IacI;a]t; fO|tf y; lot. 
TaiiIaic uncb«l l t ru l c blb ocuf ]io cefCAfu a fit;i;fAb ocuf 
a b^cebA b], co tocuiji tArrjiiell fujfijie, ocuf jio 5AbfAtr» 
TAiuut;, ocuf riof fuc le]f bo cljun) i;a fi.At;bofcbl. Cor;jb 
b] fit; ceb feAi.5 f]t)b. 

"Luibffurt; Ia Aep ccAnbA |A|icA]i) ^o|t cecbeb iijac 2i)otv- 
t)<\ ; co rnboj j:o CuoccAib accu. Jce a i;-Ai;rt)At;bA f ]be, 
fuz\) ocuf Hue I; ocuf Ke5t;A '^Ab-'pebA, ocuf Ternle, 
ocuf 0|lpe, ocuf Ro5e]u. T^A]t;i5 l^bi^le cA||tifjm At;b 
7*1 r>, co rjbejxtjA CATtjiAcb be, cot;]b be bo 5A|jiceA ^Deirrtge 
2t)Ael be. 13] £05^8 a Lai^i; ]t; cai; fir; .i. "PiaccaiI 
n?Ac Co8i;a ef ]be. 'Do uaIa b]r> 'PjacajI 1 "p|b 5^]ble t:onf 
at; Aef ceAnbAi, ocuf fio rnAjib iiil) acc 'De^rnne a Aei;utt ; 
bu] furrj Ac "p]ACA|l ttjac Co8t;A iati y]X) ]Y)& C|5, a yef- 
ciot; uA||ibeo]l. T^eccAfc ft) bA bAnfe|t;bj5 bu beAf co 
tecl; }~iacIa rr>|c Cobt)Ai, fon ^AftAftt 'Deirrjiie, ocuf bo 
bejtAn bO]b c ; ocuy bo ben<vic leo a t;bef \)b lAjicArti cuf 
•|t) ii;t;Ab cebr)A. 

<Do cbuA]bfort) Ia Aile At;b a AerjAu Arr)<\cl; co niAcbc 
21)a5 Ljfe 50 Afio^le but; Arm, cot;of fACCAjb ]i; rrjAcnAfb 
65 oc irt)A|t) foji fAjcbe ft; bu]Tje. "C|Cfiurrj con;lub i;o 
cort)|rr)A|T) pft^ufuri). Tic ]Au i;a bAnAcb ocuf bo beuAc 
ceri;|iAiti)e ]i;i;a A'JAjb ; z\cyc Anjf a cm|ai; ft; a A3A|b. 
C]b ciiacc act;a5AC u]le fi;t)A A5A]b fA bcoj5, ocuf bo 
be|ieb-furt; led; cliqcbe fOftjtA u|l|. C]A b^l'trf) fil fojic, 

1 At them. The original Irish is defective here. The words obviously 
omitted are supplied in brackets. In Feis tight Chonain, p. 129, it is 
Stated that Finn in bis first chase killed the pras-lacha (widgeon?), and 
her clutch of twelve young birds. 

» Crotta, i.e. Crotta Ciiach, now the Galty mountains in the south 
of tbe county of Tipperary. 

3 Fidh-Oaibhle, now Feegile, in the parish of Cloonsast, north of 



295 

should be of heroic age ; and the son was afterwards reared 
by them till he was fit for hunting. 

The boy came forth alone on a certain day, and saw tho 
[the pros lacha with her brood of] ducks upon the lake. 
He made a shot at them, 1 and cut off her feathers and 
wings, so that she died, and he afterwards took her to the 
hunting booth : and this was Finn's first chase. 

He afterwards went away with certain poets to flee from 
the sons of Morna ; and they had him [concealed] about 
Crotta. 2 These were their names, Futh and Ruth, and 
Regna of Mad Feada, and Teimle, and Oilpc, and Rogein. 
Here he was seized with the scurvy, so that he became a 
carrach [scald,] and was thence called Deimne Mael. There 
was a plunderer in Leinster at this time, by name Fiacuil, 
son of Codhna. Fiacuil came into Fidh Gaibhle 3 upon 
the poets, and killed them all except Deimne alone, 
who was afterwards with Fiacuil (in his house in a cold 
sheskin [marsh]. The two heroines came southwards 
to the house of Fiacuil, son of Codhna, in search of 
Deimne, and he was given to them ; and they took him from 
the south to the same place [where they had him previously]. 

He went forth one day alone [and never halted] till he 
reached Magh Life, 4 and on the green of a certain Dun [fort] 
there he saw youths hurling. He went to contend in agility 
or to hurl along with them. He came with them next day, 
and they sent the fourth of their number against him. He 
came again, and they sent the third of their number against 
him, and finally they went all against him, and he won one 
game from them all. What is thy name said they? 

Portarlington, in the King's County. This was the name of a famous 
wood in Leinster, in which St. Berchan, the Irish prophet, erected his 
church of Cloonsast, the ruins of which still remain. 

* Magh Liffe, i.e., the plain of the Liffey; a very level plain in the 
county of Kildare, through which the river Liffey winds its course. 



296 

ol j*|ac, <t)eiTt)T)e, ol ye. JoOU 4 !* 5 ]V njACftAife fepjft jt)feut)A|b 
TO 0] T*l^- 2t)A|ibA|8 y | be 6 roAb coi)cuict|, roA|* a curr)ACCAcb| 
e, ol ye, v] c<\en)y&rT)4.iy v] bo, ol hac > cujtAb <t)e|rooe a 
Ajoro- Cit)&Af a beccof-c, ol y e. 2t)ACAero cuccAcb, £10b, 
ol |*|ac, ||* A.|rjri7 feo ( Denjt)e }~iob ArolA|b |*|o> ol yeye&tt). 
Coojb fee |*|0 Afebejxqp |o roACftA|b |:jt||Hiro piui). 

'Cjcpuro |Ajt t)A bA]|tecb felA y Ai5|b, ocay lujb cuccu |oa 
clu|cb| £0 cejicAc a lojt3A y^m AOAeopecc. JroAf\xif*|uro 
pu]C|bf|urt7, ocay c|tA|*cftAjb rooftfent 1 b^b. l_u|b uAicbjb 
A jrojcbpib Slebe BlAbnjA. 

T>\c ]AftuTT) | cb|Ob r>eccrouioe |A|t f]o> cuf |0 robA|le 
cebrjA. )y ArolA|& bAcufi 10 roACftA|b |c fOArb pojif jo locb 
b| yt)A pA|t|tAb. 3^ei)t;A|5ic |o roACfiAjb e]y\urt) |rocecbc 
b|rt)bAbA Ffi|u. L|031bno ||* io locb cuca |Aft fjo, ocuf 
bAb|b Tjoybuji fe|b pot) locb, ocuf ce-|c pe|o £A Sl|AbBlAferr>A 
]A]t y\r). C|A ]to bA]b to roAcjtA|fe, ol cacI). ]~100, ol n^c; 
cooAfe Af ]-|i) fio leADAb )~|00 e. 

"C|C|*iuit) pecc Ai)b cAjt SliAb BUbroA aroAcb, ocu|* |0 bA 
bAr>pei)b|b |n)n)A|Ue pft||* ; cooacaji AlroA |rob|C|*cift b*A5A|b 
Allu|b poiiAif |i) flebe. 2t)or>uAft cjtA o|t |tj bA feocujoo, ijj 
C|C bjoo Afcub t)e|cb b|b pub ACCA|r)i). T^cbjro|*A, [ol'pioo] 
ocuf |t|cbA|b poftfio, ocuf AfCAjb bA t)A5 b|b, ocu|* be||i|b 
leu* bjA p|At;t)boicb> <t)o3i)in urT J |*els co 50&cAcb b6|b iA|t 
f|rj. 6>||iib buA|t) pcrtA, a 3ille, 0|i oa bAopeoebA p|t||*, 

A|fl ACA|C n)JC 2t)6ftt)A pO|t A|C|ll bo tt)A|tbcA. 

<t)o lu|b|*]utt} a AeijAft Uv\b|b co |i|Acbc Loci) L6|t) [ocuj*] op 

LllAcbAlft, CUfl ACCU||t A AtT)|*A|l)C AC Jt|3 Bet)C|t<\15e Al)b 

no; 0| T 10 ylo]vby]it) mo loOAfe rio be, acc cer)A, ty\ buj 
IT \V |te flO r e ^5 A in e ^ iooi-aitjIa; A|- Art)lA|& if-bepc io |t| 

1 Loch Lein, now the Lakes at Killarney in Kerry. 

2 Luachra, i.e., Luachair Deaghfiidh, a district in the now covinty of 
Kerry, containing the two Pap mountains. 

3 Beantraighe, a district in South Minister, believed to have been co- 
extensive with the barony of Hantry in the county of Cork. 



297 

Dcimne replied he. The youths tell this to the owner of 
the dun [fort.'] " Do ye kill him if he comes again, if ye 
are able," said he. We are not able to do aught unto him, 
replied they ; Deimne is his name. What is his appear- 
ance?" said he. He is a well-shaped fair [jinn] youth, 
replied they, Deimne shall be named Finn therefore, said 
he. And hence these young men used to call him Finn, 

He came the next day to them, and joined them in their 
game, they attacked him all together, with their hurlets, bat 
he made at them and prostrated seven of them, and [then] 
made off from them into the forests of Sliabh Bladhma. 

He afterwards returned at the end of a week to the same 
place. What the youths were at [then] was swimming 
in the lake which was close by [the dun.] The youths 
challenged him to swim with them. He plunged into the 
lake to them, and afterwards drowned nine of them in the 
lake, and then made to Sliabh Bladhma himself. Who 
drowned the youths ? enquired all. Finn, replied they [i.e. 
the survivors]. And from this the name of Finn clung to 
him [among all who heard of tins deed of drowning.] 

He came forth on one occasion out beyond Sliabh Bladh- 
ma, the two heroines being along with him, and they per- 
ceived a fleet herd of the wild deer of the forest of the moun- 
tain. Alas ; said the two old women, that we cannot detain 
one of these with us. I can, [said Finn] and he ran upon 
them, and catching two bucks of them, brings them with 
him to his hunting booth. After this he used to hunt for 
them constantly. Depart from us now, young man, 
said the female warriors to him, for the sons of Morna are 
watching to kill thee. 

He went away from them alone [and halted not,] till he 
reached Loch Lein 1 , and over Luachair, 2 ^till he hired in 
military service, with the king of Bentraighe. 3 He did 
not go by any name here, but there was not at this time a 



298 

VWT '• b 1 A K^cbAb Cumuli rt)Ac, ol ye, At) bAjtUc |to bo 
cuf a e ; acc cerjA, v] cuAlAtrjujttje rt)AC bpAcbAjl bo Acbc 

■CulcATt^AC ClUTJAlll, OCUf ACAf|t> AC |l| 2llbAt) \X) ArDfAltJe. 

CelebjtAibnn) bot) ji| i<xu fir;, ocuf cec uA]b|b co Cahi- 
b|t]3e .1. C]A|iftAi5e ] obju, ocuf AC01113 ic a w$ ffij 
a r)-Art)j*Ait>e. "C]c it) ]ti jAftum ac pjbcellAcc it) AjiAjle lo. 
'Cecoirsibpn? Uif ocuf bejiib fecc clujcbi bjAi5 A|tojle. 
C]A c\?fA? ol ]\) jtj. 21)ac A]cbi3 b0 tuA]3i)|b rerDriAcb, 
ol re. 2lcc, ol ]\) |t] ; acc if cii jt> rt)AC fiOfpuc 2t)ir|fii)e 
bo CujdaII, ocuf t>A bj yaw v] If T]*> O&ltuc nxMtbcAjt pop 
rr)ei)ecb-t*A. Li^b Af* ]A|i f]ij co Cit|ll]i)b 6 Cuaijac, co cec 
LocAit) fUic 3obAt;u : ]V5\V |to CAert) lAifjbe .1. Cjiuicb^e 
A b<Mt)rt) : Abi;<\i3 y]be 3JtAb bot) 3jUa. <£)o b&fifA rt)iD- 
310 bujc, ol ir> 3obA, eft) co pecA|i cia cu. } r Ajbir i^ ]vx,]x) 
l e ir It) 31^ !A]tcA]ij. <Dei)A r^ e 5^ b ^^j ol IT) 5iIIa ttir 
ID t>5obAi)u. <Do 5^1. bit) LocbAt) b] t-lei3 bo. CeleAbftAjb 
bAt) bo LocAt) ocuf luib Tteirt)e. 21 rt)]c, ajv Locaij, t>A 
be]]x3 IT If r^5 e I-* ! 1 !' A "?"bl ai) njuc bjAi)A Apjtt) yt) Beo ; 
11* y] tto fAfj-Aib njeoboi) 2t)urr)ut). Ocuj- \yye6 cjia bo tiaU 
boi) 3ilU bul yo]\y jij |4l5 e POT* rt)bi p) tt)tic. 2ibi)Ai3 it) 
rtmcc cuice lAit fit), "poceinbffrt) bt)A uficufi bj r*le|3 
t^MMM' co jia lu|b cnjce, co ftuf fAttCAjb cet) At)n)uit). 
Bcimb-fiiitT) bt)A cet)t) t)A rt)uicce leu* bot) 3ol)Aii)t) a 
coibcbc a it>3Ji)e. )y bo y\\) aca SliAb ttmice a 2t)urt)<\it)i). 

<t)o luib it) 3jUa jiojtDe lAit fii) i Coi)i)AccAib, b'lAjijtAib 
CjtinjAill n)ic Cnet)tt)6|ii. 2irbA|l ito buj yo\\ a j-eb co 

1 Albain, i.e., Scotland. 

1 Ciarraighe, now Kerry. The territory so called extended in ancient 
times only from Tralee to the Shannon. Its more ancient names would 
appear to have- been Cairbrighe, or Corbraighe. 

3 Cvilleann O' y-Cuanach. This is the present name of Cullen, in the 
county of Tipperary, near the borders of the county of Limerick. It 
originally belonged to the territory of Coonagh, now a barony, in the 
north-cast of the county of Limerick. 



299 

hunter like him, and so the king said to him : if Cumhall had 
left any son, methinks thou art he, but we have not heard 
of Cumhall having left any son, but Tulcha Mac Cumhaill, 
but he is in military service with the king of Albain. 1 

He afterwards bids farewell to the king, and goes away 
from him to Cairbrighe, at this day called Ciarraighe 2 
[Kerry], and he staid with this king in military service. 
The king came one day to play chess. He [Finn] played 
against him, and won seven games in succession. Who art 
thou ? said the king. The son of a peasant of the Luaighni 
of Teamhair, replied he ; Not so, said the king ; but thou 
art the son whom Muirenn [my present wife] brought 
forth for Cumhall ; and do not be here any longer, that 
thou mayest not be killed while under my protection. After 
this he went to Cuilleann g-Cuanach 3 to the house of 
Lochan, a chief smith : he had a very comely daughter, 
Cruithne by name ; she fell in love with the youth. I will 
give thee my daughter, said the smith, although I know 
not who thou art. The daughter then cohabited with the 
unknown youth. Make lances for me, said the youth, to 
the smith. Lochan then made two spears for him. He then 
bade farewell to Lochan, and went his way. My son, said 
Lochan, do not go on the passage on which the boar called 
Beo is usually [to be] seen ; it has devastated the [whole 
of] Middle Munster. But the youth happened to go on 
the very pass where the pig was. The pig afterwards rushed 
at him ! but he made a thrust of his spear at it, and drove 
it through it, so that he left it lifeless, and he brought the 
head of the pig with him to the smith as a dower for his 
daughter. From this is derived Sliabh muice 4 in Munster. 

The youth then went into Connaught to look for [his uncle] 
Crimall, son of Trenmor. As he went on his way he heard 

* Sliabh Muice. i.e., the Pig's mountain, now Slieve Muck, situated 
between the town of Tipperary and the glen of Aherlow. 



300 

cuAlAjfo 311I rjA \)-hx) n)r>&. Lu^fo pA] co t)-acca pr) tdtjaj, ocup 
bA foepA polA cecb pe pecc, ocup bA pcepc polA 115 peAcbc 
Aple, co rt)bA be|%5 a bel. JpAc bel foep5, a bet), ol pe. 
21ca foe^cbip ocurt), ol pj ; rt)'oeT) tt)ac bo rr)<xpbA6 fo'oet) 
lAec pop5pAt)foA rr)6p bo pAlA cucurr). C|A aiutd bo 
tbjc, ol pe. 3l 0, ) fe ^ A a port), ol pp )x foe ac<\ 2ltb 
\)-^\ox)X)cs ocup TocAjt i)-3l 0, )r)A pop 2t)Aet)rr)U]5, ocup ip 
or) bel foeiftsi \\x) aca 2lcb H)-Bel 'Dei^j 6 pjt) pile. Lujb 
fo1P T^lflk T?foe5A]fo it) lajcb, ocup pep<x|c cort)loi)t) ocup 
foo pujc lA]f 6. Jp att}Iai8 jrrjoppu buj p|T), ocup coppbol5 
i)A pefo A|3i .1. peojfo CutdujII. )y foe fojT) foo pocbAjp AT)t) 
PIT) .1. Lt,ac LuACfiA. )x e cefo sup) CutouII t, CAcb Cr>ucb<v- 
"Ce^fo ] CorjrjACCAib ^Afi y]T), ocup pA5ei i b CpirrjAll it)* 
perjojp a Tj-fo]cbttejb cAjlle Aijfo, ocup fopert) foot; ye]\)^]VV 
TT)Aille f p]p, ocup if jAfo f|rj foo 51)] t/e^A foo. TocbAjb 
]t) coppboh; fopr) foo ocuf Acpec a pcelA 6 cut; co foejpe, 
ocup att)a-|1 po n)<xpb pep t)a pefo. Ce]leb|tA]8 Fl')T) foo 
Cp|rt)All, ocup lujfo pojrrje fo'po5lA]rr) ejcpi co "ppjrjecep po 
bo] port Bo]T). Njp Iatt) un)oppo be]cb a T)-op|T)T) ceT)A t)o 
co T)-foecliA]fo pe p]li,foecc, at/i eA5l<v ttjac Ujp5peT)t) ocuf 

TT)AC 2t)6ftT)A. 4 

Secbc n)-bl|A&T)A foo "piijrjecjT; pop B6|T) oc uni)Ai5e 
lAcb L]i)i)e }~ejc; A|p foo buj a cA|ppt)5ipe foo eo "po|C 
foo corrjAilc, ocup ceT) t)i t)a Ajopjp ]C|p jApurT). }~picb ]r> 

TT)-bpAfoAT), OCUp pO b _ «pb<\fo foO 4)6)11706 urT)OppO pi) bpAfotU) 

1 Maenmhagh, Moinmoy, a territory lying round Lough Reagh in the 
present county of Galway ; but the situations of Ath-Glonda, i. e. the 
ford of Glonda, and of Tochar-Glonda, the causeway of Glonda, are now 
unknown by these names. 

2 Ath-Beldeirg, i.e., ford of Red mouth, not identified unless it be Bal- 
lyderg. 

» The Doinn, i.e. the river Boyne in Meatli. 

* Here endsfolio 1 19 of the original MS. and on the upper margin of folio 
120, in the handwriting of the scribe, is the following observation : — 



301 

the wail of one [solitary] woman. Ho went towards her, 
and viewed the woman : The first tear she shed was a tear 
of blood, and the other was a gush of blood, so that her 
mouth was red. " Thy mouth is red, woman !" said he- 
I have cause for it, said she : my only son was killed by a 
huge ugly hero, who came to me. What is thy son's name ? 
said he. Glonda is his name, said she. From him Ath- 
Glonda and Tochar-Glondain Maenmhagh 1 are called, and 
from this Belderg the name Ath-beldeirg 2 remains ever since. 
Finn then went in pursuit of the hero, and they fought a 
combat, in which he fell by him [Finn.] The way he was 
situated was, he had the treasure bag with him, i.e., the 
[bag containing the] treasures of Cumhall. The person 
who fell here was Liath Luachra, he who first wounded 
Cumhall in the battle of Cnucha. 

He now proceeds into Connaught, and finds Crimall, 
then an old man, in a desert there, and some of the old 
Fianns along with him, who were wont to chase for him. 
He gave him the Corrbholg, and told him the news from 
beginning to end : — how he had killed the possessor of the 
treasures. lie bids farewell to Crimall, and goes forward 
to Fineces [who lived at the Boinn 3 ] to learn poetry. He 
durst not remain in any part of Ireland until he took to 
learn poetry, from fear of the sons of Uirgrenn, and the sons 
of Morna. 4 

Seven years Finn-eges remained at the Boinn [Boyne] 
watching the salmon of Linn-Feic, e for it had been prophe- 
sied that he would eat the [sacred] salmon of Fee, and 
that he would be ignorant of nothing afterwards ! He 
caught the salmon, and ordered [his pupil] Dcimne to roast 

O Mary [Virgin J it is long till Edmund comes from the meeting. 

This was Edmund Butler for whom the MS. was transcribed. 

J Linn Feic, i. e. the pool of Fee, a deep pool in the River Boyne, near 
Ferta fcr fecc, the ancient name of the village of Slane, on this river. 



302 

bo pi|t?e, ocuy Afberic At) t;]le pjt^f cet) ui; bot) bjiAbAt) bo 
cort)A]lc. <t)o beitc it) 5flU bo At) bjiAbAt) i,ati. tja pu]i)e, 
1t)ATt corgi] f xj\ bot) b|tAbAT), a 51IU, ol yq y.]le. Mjco, 
ol -(j) 5|Ua, acc rt)o oiibu bo loifcef, ocuf bo fiAbup ]rt) 
beolu ]A]tcA|o. C|A b-A]T)ft) jql ojtcfA, a 31UA, ol f&. 
toetrrwe, ol ]t) 3]IIa. T^int) bo Ait)rt), ol ye, a SjIIa, ocuf 

If bUjC CUCAblT) bfXAbAI) b]A COfT)A|lc, OCUf ft CU "(TTT^Itlb CO 

VJV- 'CoiTTjlib td 5iIIa |t) bfiAbATi ]A|tcAit). Jj- j-ji) cjia 
bo tiAc ]t> K?r b0 FlW -i- at; cad bo bejteb a ottbAit) itja 
beolu, ocuf t)ocAt) c^a Ve^vwl^e^, ocuf jto VAiUf-iceA 
bO lA^lAtt) 1.T) X)] tto b|b 't)A Aiijpif. 

Ho t;o3luitt)nutt) V) ctte|b be yetQZfflux V\h*> - 1 - ^e]t)rt) 
Ue5A ocuf Jnyuy t;ott Oi;t)A, ocut- <Djcebul bicef)DAib. Jf 
At)b nt) bo pottie pit)!) it) U13 fi oc ptioti)Ab a 6]Cf] : 

Ceccett)A|t) CAjt) jtee ! jto fA]ri At)b cucbc ! 
Cai)ai,c luft) lAt,b Iai.1), b^A rr)-be|d) LA15AJ5 At)t). 
OA^nib ca] cfiuAib beAt), iy trocet) fAti) fAffi, 
^ u l & !5 ri T ) & riT x > bttui,t)t)e cettb caiII cjtAtb. 
CeAttbuib |*Att) rixAtll t-|tucb, r*131& 3n<M5 IuacI) lit)t), 
LeAcAib trolc t^obA jrriAicb, pottbuib CAt)Acb pAt)t) t:ii)t), 
"FuAbAin bifsell r ceill fisitie, itDttib rietb T tiAt) tti,tb 

7teA1)A, 

CuuticbeAjt fAl V"*V, cui5cbi|i Mac it) bjc. 
BenA]b * * * 

1 Finn is thy name. It appears that our hero had concealed from his 
master Finn-Eg£s that he had been known by the name of Finn, after he 
had drowned the nine boys in Magh-Liffe. But the poet finding that 
he had first tasted of the salmon of Linn Feic without intending it 
saw that the ancient prophecy was fulfilled in him, and that his real 
name must be Finn. O'Flahcrty states that our hero assisted his father- 
in-law Cormac son of Art, in compiling codes of laws ; and the Life of 
St. Columkille compiled by Manus O'Donnell, states that he possessed 
the gift of prophecy, and foretold the birth and future greatness of St. 
Columbkille. 



303 

it, and the poet told him not to eat of the salmon. The 
young man brought him the salmon after cooking it. 
Hast thou eaten any part of the salmon, young man ? 
said the poet. " No," replied the young man, but I burned 
my thumb, and put it into my mouth afterwards. What 
name is upon thee, youth ? said he. Deimne, replied the 
youth. " Finn is thy name, 1 youth," said he, and it was 
to thee the salmon was [really] given, [in the prophecy] to 
be eaten [not to me], and thou art the Finn truly. The youth 
afterwards consumed the salmon, and it was from this the 
[preternatural] knowledge was given to Finn, i.e., when he 
used to put his thumb in his mouth, and not through Teinm 
Laegha [poetical incantation,] whatever he had been igno- 
rant of used to be revealed to him. 

He learned the three compositions which signify the 
poets, namely the Teinm Laegha,' 1 the Imusfor Os?ia, and 
the Dlcedul dicennaib ; and it was then Finn composed 
this poem to prove his poetry : 

May-day 3 delightful time ! how beautiful the color ! 4 

The blackbirds sing their full lay, would that Laighaig 
were here 

The cuckoos 5 sing in constant 6 strains, how welcome is 
the noble 

Brilliance of the seasons ever; on the margin of the 
branchy woods 

The summer suaill 7 skim the stream, the swift horses 
seek the pool, 

The heath spreads out its long hair, the weak fair bog- 
down grows. 

Sudden consternation attacks the signs, the planets in 
their courses running exert an influence : 

The sea is lulled to rest, flowers cover the earth. 

2 Teinm Laeyha. For a curious account of this poetical incantation as 
given in Cormac's glossary, the reader is referred to the " Battle of Magh 
Bath," printed for the Archaeological Society, p. 46. It is said that 



304 

St. Patrick abolished the Teinm Laegha and the Imbas for Osna, as being 
profane rites, and allowed the poets to use another called Dichedal do 
chendaibh, which was in itself not repugnant to Christianity, as requiring 
no offering to false gods or demons. 

3 May-day, ceccenjAJt), is glossed bellcAjtje by O'Clery. It signifies 
the beginning of summer. 

* Color, cucc, gl. sac, color, gl. cuiwre, gl- S^e, face, countenance, 
mien. 

5 CAf, gl. cuaca, cuckoos. 

6 Constant, CftuAb, gl. &]Af). 

7 Summer suaill, gl. the swallows. The words of this fragment, which 
was considered to be the first composition of Finn, after having eaten the 
salmon of the Boyne, is very ancient and exceedingly obscure. The 
translation is only offered for the consideration of Irish scholars, for it 
is certain that the meaning of some of the lines are doubtful. The poem 
obviously wants some lines at the end ; and Mr. Cleaver states, that the 
remaining portion of the manuscript is so defaced as to render it totally 
illegible. 



INDEX. 



Agallamh na Seanoiridh, quoted, 

14, n. 
Aherlow, glen of, 16, n., 29, n., 

299, it. 

Albain (Scotland), 298. 

Allen, 28G. 

Almliuin, 286. hill of, 18, n. 

Ancient Irish swords, where de- 
posited, 140, n. 

Ancient map, quoted, 18, n. 

Ancient prophecy, fulfilment of, 
302, n. 

Antrim, 4, n. 

Antrim, (Lower), 17, n. 

Apparitions, 24, n. 

Armagh, 23, »., 63 n. 

Assaroe, 15, n. 

Ath Beldeirg, 300, n. 

Ath-Glonda, its present name, 

300, n. 
Athlone, 290, n, 

B. 

Ballinaskellig bay, 22, n. 

Bally bunion, 17, »•, 73, n., 80, n. 

Ballyderg 300, n. 

Ballyshannon, 15, n. 

Ballyvourney, 185, n. 

Bania, 4, n. 

Bann, river, 50, 50, n., 57. 

Bansha, 16, n„ 29, n. 

Bantry, 29 n. 

Bardic satires, 90, n. 

Barrington, Sir Jonah, estates of, 

18, n. 
Barron, Philip F., 164, n. 
Barrow, river, 43, n., 50, n. 
Battle of Downpatrick, 14, n. 
Beantraighe, 29d, n. 
Bcarrna-an-da-Ghoill, 40, 40, n.,41. 
Bearma-an-Scail, 50, 50, n., 51. 
Belanagare, 30, n. 
Beiini Ijothair, 21, n. 
Benignus, 200, n. 
Blackbirds, 217, n., song of, 4, n. 
Bladlima, mountain of, 292, n, 
20 



Boinn (the Boyne), 300, 300, n., 

301. 
Boroimhe, Brian, 71, n. 
liothar, peak of, 20, 2 1 . 
Bolus head, 22. n. 
Boyne, river, 235, n., 286, 300, «., 

301, n. 
Brandon bay, 18, n. 
Bregia, 284. 
Breifne, 65, n. 
Butler, Edmund, 283. 



Cairbre, land of, 30, n. 
Cairbrighe, 298, ». 
Caiseal (Cashel), 201, n. 
Cambrensis E versus, quoted, 3, n. 
Cape Clear, 138, n. 
Carbury, barony of, 14, n. 
Carolan the poet, 136, n. 
Carrick-on-Suir, 50, ?», 284. 
Carrigeen, 50, 51, 51, n. 
Cas, Cormac, 286. 
Cashed, 200, n, kings of, their pre- 
rogatives, 17, n. 
Castle Island, 291, «. 
Castleknock, 288, n, 
Cavan, 288, n. 
Ceis-Chorainn, 21, n. 
Chess-playing, antiquity of, 56, n. 
Ciarraighc (Kerry), 293, n. 
Ciarruighe Luachra, 22, n. 
Cill Easbuig Broin, 18, n. 
CillStuifin, 231. 
Clan william, barony of, 16, n. 
Clanna Morna, their inheritance, 

16, n, 

Claire, battle of, 30, n. 
Clane, barony of, 70, n. 
Clare, 51, n., 140, n., 230. 
Cleaver, Rev. E. 1)., 283. 
Clonmacnoise, annals of, quoted, 

288, n. 
Clonmel, 16, n., 50, n. 
Cloonsast, parish of, 294, n. 
Cnoc-an-air, 16. 17, where situated, 

17, n. 



306 



Cluain Conaire, (Cloncurry),71, ». 

Cnoc-an-Scail, 18, n. 

Cnu, 4, 5. 

Cnucha, battle of, 288, 288, n., 289. 

Cobhthach Caol Breagh, 30, re. 

Comyn, Michael, 230. 

Conall Gulban, 30, re. 

Connall, country of, 15, re. 

Conn of the hundred battles, 71, re., 

286. 
Conan Maol, 19, »., anecdote of, 

114, n. 
Con n:i light, 30, re., 286. 
Connellan, Professor, quoted, 18, n. 
Coolagarronroe, 232. 
Gorann, where situated, 21, re. 
Corcaguiny, barony of, 4, re. 
Corea-oiche, 284, 288, 289. 
Cormac M.ic Airt, 1 73, w. 
Coon igh, territory of, 298, n. 
Cork. 29, »., 50, re, 138, re., 232, 

234., 296. re. 
Corrbholg, 300, 301, its use, 280, re., 

288, 289. 
Coshbridge, barony of, 24, n. 
Coshmore, barony of, 24, re. 
Crannagh, 283. 
Crom, one of the idols of the pagan 

Irish, 30, n. 
Crom Cruach, 31, h., 65, n. 
Crom Dubh, 31, re. 
Cromleac, where found, 4, n. 
Crotta Cliach, 294, re. 
Cruachan Chruim, grouse of, 30, 

3 1, where situated, 30, n. 
Cuckoo, 28, re., ancient Irish name 

for, 304, n. 
Cuilcontuin, 288, 289. Where si- 

tuated, 288, re. 
Cuillean O'g-Cuanach, 298, re. 
Cullen, 298, re. 



D. 

Daire Dearg, 206, re., 288, 289. 

Dair Inis, (isle of oaks), 24, re. 

Dalian, (pillar stone), 217, n. 

Dal (.'as, the O'Briens, V 86. 

g Bon of b'ionn, adventures 
of, 15, 7i. 

Dcecc, 71, n. 

3, their skeletons, whore depos- 
ited, 216, n. 

Deise, Teamrach, 71, "•» a tribe 

name, J\ t n. 



Derrycarn, 28. 29, 32, »., songof the 
blackbird of, 30, 31., where situ- 
ated, 28, ti. 

Desmond, the great Earl of, 232, 
283, 284. 

Dinn Senchus, quoted, 42, re. 

Dodder, river, 216, re. 

Doire an Chairn, 31, n. 

Domhnach Chroim Dhuibh, 31, n. 

Donegal, 15, re., 30, re. 

Dord Fhiann, 4, 5., 68, 69, 76, re., 
217, re. Its use, 2, n. 

Down, 16, n. 

Downpatrick, ancient name of, 14, «. 
battle of, 14, n. 

Dromahaire, barony of, 17, »• 

Drom Dearg, 14, 15. its ancient 
naire, 14, re. 

Druim Lis,(nowDrumlease), where 
situated, 17, re. 

Druim-re-Cor, otter of, 30, 31, 

Druim Imnocht, 2S4. 

Drumeliff, ancient uame of, 14, re, 

Drumlish, 16, 17. 

Drum Lease, see Druim Lis. 

Dublin, 140, n., 216, re. 

Ducks, 28. 29. 

Dumhach, 231. 

Dun Cearmna, its present name, 
284. 

Dundalethghlas, 14, n. 

Dundrum, bay of, 16, n. 

Dungarvan, 16, re., 232. 

Dun g-Grot, fort and castle of, 16,tj. 

Dunne, John, 217, n. 

Dunore, where situated, 137, n. 

Dwyer, 29, n. 



E. 

Eamhuin, 18, 19. 

Kas Aedha Ruaidh, 15, n. 

Eas Ruaidh, 14, 15. 

Erne, river, 15, n. 

Erris, where situated, 17, n. 



F. 



Fail, Fiansof, 50, 51. 
Faoidh, meaning of the term, 14, re. 
Fee, pool of, 301, re. 
Fenian hounds, their names, 202, 
203, signification of, 2 3. n 
Ac, its ancient name, 294, n. 
Fenian games, 4, re. 



307 



Fera cul, 284. 

Fermanagh, 29, n., 30. M. 

Fiachadh, Suighdhe, 1\. n. 

Fians, their chieftainry, 288, 289. 

Fidh Gaiblile, 42, n., 294, a. 

Finland, king of, 4, n. 

Finn-eges, 300, 301, 302, re. 

Finn's first poem, 302, 303. His 
pedigree, 285. 

Finnmhagh, where situated, 290, n. 

FiodhChuillinn,(Feighcullen,)71,«. 

Firbolgs, 286, 290, n. 

Foehaoi, 22, 22, re., 23. 

Formaoil, 18, 19, 22, 22, n., 23. 

Formaollna-bh-Fian, where situa- 
ted, 18, n. 

Fothartas, 287. 

Four Masters, quoted, 16, «., 17, n., 
24, n., 30, re., 31, n. 



Gaelic Society, transactions of, 

quoted, 32, n. 
Galty mountains, 294, n. 
Galway, 14, 15, 16, n., 234, n,, 

300, n. 
Garristown, 234, n. 
Garryricken, 217, n. 
Gleann-na-g-Caor, stag of, 28, 29, 

29, n. 
Gleann Damhain, 24, n. 
Gleann-da-dhaimh, 24, 24, «., 24. 
Gleann-da-Mhail, lowing of the calf 

of, 16, 17. 
Gleann-na-m-buadh, whistle of the 

eagle of, 30,31. 
Gleann-na-Sgail, 4, 4, n., 5. 
Glenasmoil, 216, n. 
Glen of the two oxen, 24, n. 
Glen Rath, 4, 5. 
Gleoir, the redhanded, 292, 293. 
Glonda, the ford of, 300, n. 
Gilla-Brighde Mac Conmhidhe, 

chief poet of Ulster, 15, n. 
Grenane, 18, n. 
Grianan, its meaning, 168, n. 
Griffin, Martin, 140. n. 



II. 



Hares, 28, 29. 

Hawks, 30, n. 

Hore, Ileib-rtF., 285. 



Horses.how brought to Ireland 85,w 
ITowth, hill of, 84, n. 
Hui Tairsigh, 288, 289. 



I. 



Ibh-rathach, 22, n. 

Idol worsliip, 65, n. 

Ikeathy, 70, n. 

Inbhear, Geiniath, 85, n. 

Inchiquin, 232, lake of, 50, 51,51, n. 

Inis Fail, 164, n. 

Iorrus, scream of the seagulls of, 

16, 17. 
Irish druids, 65, n. 
Irisli proverb?, 79, n. 
Irish names, their identity, 184, n. 
Irish families to whom the prefix 

"Maol" belongs, 19, n. 
Iverk, barony of, 283. 
Ivy leaves, their great size, 216, n. 



K. 

Keash, 21, n. 

Kells, 21, n., 28, n. 

Kelly, the late Rev. M„ D.D., 

3, n. 
Kerry, 4, n., 17, n., 18, n., 22, n., 

23, 7i., 50, n., 80, re., 138, it., 

200, n., 265, n., 291, n., 292, re., 

296, n. 
Kilbenny, 232. 
Kildare, 18, «., 49,n.,70,re., 217, n., 

286, 295, n. 
Kilkenny, 4, 50, n., 51, n , 70, n., 

217, re., 283. 
Killarney, 235, n. Ancient name 

of the lakes of, 200, n. 
Killarory, parish of, 16, n. 
Kilrush, 140, n. 
Kilnaboy, 51, n. 

King's County, 286, 292, n., 295, re. 
Kinsale, old head of, 284. 
Knockanar, 73, n. 



L. 

Laithreach Brain, 70, n. 

Lake of the three Caols, 28, 29. 

Where situated, 28, n. 
Lamhraighe, 292, n. 



30S 



Lahinch, 231. 

Laragbbrine, 70, n. 

Leabhar Gabhala, quoted, 29, n. 

Leabbar na g-Ceart, quoted, 5, n. 

Leac-an-Scail, 4, n. 

Leacht-an-Scail, 4, n. 

Leahy, Mr. William, 32, n. 

Leath Ard, 72, 73, 73, n. 

Leirg-na-bh-Fian, 16, 17, 18, n. 

Leitrim, 17, »., 30, n. 

Leinster, 18, »., 70, n., 285, 286, 

287, 295, n. Ancestors of the 

kings of, 284. 
Letter Lee, 4, 4, n., 5. Blackbird 

of, 16, 17. 
Liars, held in contempt by the 

Irish peasantry, 213, n. 
Liffey, plain of, 295, n. 
Limerick, 73, n., 284., 298, n. 
Linn Feic, 300, 301, 301, n. 
Lismore, book of, 287, 288, n. 
Loch Lein, 200, n, 201, n. 
Loch Meilghe, 29, 29, overflowing 

of, 30, n. 
Lodan, Mac Lir, 85, n. 
Lough Erne, 28, 29. The ducks 

of, 28, 29. Where situated, 29, n. 
Lough Gill, 17, n. 
Lough Gur, 232. 
Loughrea, 16, n. 
Lough Reagh, 300, n. 
Luachair Dheaghaidh 22, 22, n., 23. 

where situated, 226, n. 
Luaighni, their history, 288, n. 
Luaghni Teamhrach, 284. 
Luinhan, meaning of the term, 

21, n. 

M. 

Mac Adam, Robert, 216, n. 

Mac Airt, Cormac, 286. 

Mac Cumbaill, Fionn, 284. 

Mac Conmara, 19, n. 

Mac Faolain, 71, ». 

Macroom, 185, n. 

Mac Lughach.why so called, 206, n. 

Mac Firbis, Duald, quoted, 29, n., 
284. 

Mac Murrough's reign, 76, n 

Mac Ronain, Caoilte. How occu- 
pied, 20, n., his agility, 285. 

Mac-an-Loin, 42, 42, n., 43, 46, 47, 

Maenmhaigh, its present name, 
3U0, n. 

Magb Fcimheann, 4, n. 



Magh Finn, 290, n. 

Magh Laighean, 71, n. 

Magh Life,its present name, 295, n., 

drowning of nine youths in, 302, 

302, n., 303. 
Magh-Maoin, 16, n., bellowing of 

the ox of, 16. 17- 
Magh Sleacht, 31, n., 65, n. 
Maon. plain of, 16, n. 
Maonmhagh, l6, n.' 
Maynooth, 71, n. 
Mayo, 17, n. 
Meath, 28, n . 32, n., 72,/*., 138, n„ 

235, n., 286, 288, n., 300, n. 
Meilghe, lake of, 30, n. 
Miol muighe, (the hare), 4, n. 
Mitchelstown, 232. 
Modhchorb, 30 n. 
Modeligo, 72, n., parish of, 17, n. 
Molana, 24, n., 25, n. 
Molbhthach, .Meilghe, 30, n. 
Moore, quoted, 286. 
Moore, the Hon. Mr. 24, n. 
Mount Grud, 16, n. 
Mount Uniacke, 16, n. 
Mountain Castle, 17, n. 
Moyelly, 286. 

Muirenn, her pregnancy, 292, 293. 
Muireann, a general name for wo- 
men among the ancient Irish, 

292, n. 
Munster, 286, 296, n. King of, 

200, n. 
Musical Instruments peculiar to 

the Ancient Irish, 2, n. 

N. 

Naas, 48, 49, 49, «., 70, n. 

New hall, 31, n. 

New Ross, 50, n., ancient name of, 

280. 
Niall of the Nine Hostages, 15. n. 

O. 

O'Brain, fO'Byrne,) 71, «. 
O'Breasail's country, 232. 
O'Briens, 51, n. 

O'Ccarbhaill's (O'Carroll's), 200, n 
O'Connor, 231. 

O'Connor, Dr. Charles, quoted 30,n. 
O'Clery, John Boy, 283, 304, n. 
O'Connor, Hugh Mac Feliin, 14, n. 
O'Crcgan, 196, n. 

O'Daly, Carroll, anecdotes of, 64,n., 
65, n. 



309 



O'Donehadhas, 200, n. 

O'Donnell, Manus, 302, n. 

O'Donolioe, M.P., The, his descent, 
200, n. 

O'Donovan, Dr., 31, n-, 76, n. 

O'Duibhne, Diarmuid, his ball 
seam, or beauty spot, 20, n. 

O'Dunnes, how they got their mot- 
to, 292, ». 

O'Flaherty, quoted, 4, n., 31, n. 

Ogle, George, 50, «. 

O'Grady, 82, n., 140, n. 

O'Herlihy, 185, n. 

Oisin, legend of, 233, 

O'Keefle, Mr. James, 17, n. 

O'Kelly, William Boy, his hospi- 
tality to bards, 90, n. 

O'Leihin's country, 232. 

Omens, belief in, by the ancient 
Irish, 170, n. 

O'Neill, Brian, 14, n. 

O'Quin, family of, 51, n. 

Ormonde, 283, 284. 

Oscur, great call of, 16, 17. 

Ossory, Upper, barony of, 18, n. 

Ossorians, expert chess-players, 
57, n. 

Otter, remarkable instance of the 
voracity of, 29, n. 

Otters, 28, 19. 

Oughteranny, 70, n. 



Pagan worship, 65, n. 

Palliser, William, estates of, 18, n. 

Pap mountains, 296, n. 

Petrie, Dr., quoted, 164, n. 

Piltown, 283. 

Pinker ton, quoted, 286. 

Portarlington, 294, n. 

Pottlesrath, 283. 

Q. 

Queen's County, 18, n., 292, x. 

R. 

Eathcroghan, 30, n. 

Raymond le Gros, his place of inter- 
ment, 25, n. 

Reading, Thomas, 18, n. 

Remarkable headstone for rebels, 
165, n. 

Ridge by the stream, 30, 31. 



Rinn-rathach, 22, 22, n , 23. 

Riofog, English name of, 21, n. 

River Erne, n. 

Roscommon, 21, «., 30, «., 290, n. 

Round Towers, 14 n. 

Rower, 51 >, 50, n., 51. 

Ruan, 230. 

21, n. 
Rudhraidghe, son of Partholan, 

where drowned, 16, n. 
Rughraidne, wave of, 16, 16, «., 17. 



S. 

Salmon of Fee, 300, 301. 
Salmon Leap, 15, n. 
Salt, barony of, 70, n. 
Seasgnan, (now Slievegoe), parish 

of, 16, n. 
Seal Balbh, (the Stammerer), 4, n. 

His monument, 4, n. 
Scotland, 164, n. 
Shannon, river, 298, n. 
Sheahan, Daniel, 73, n. 
Sheep, slaughter of,by an otter,30,n. 
Sidh, Fionn's sister, her fleetness of 

foot 285. 
Skreen, hill of, 234, n. 
Slane, ancient name of, 301, n. 
Sliabh Bladhma, 292, 292, «., 293. 
Sliabh g-Crot, 16, n. Chace of, 16, 

17. 
Sliabh Cua, 16, «., 17, «. Fawns 

of 16, 17. 
Sliabh g-Conaill, from whom called, 

30, n. The hawks of, 28, 29 
Sliabh Cuilinn, 22, 23. 
Sliabh Guillinn, 23, n., 63, n. 
Sliabh Luachra, 22, n., 50, 50, n. 

51,291, n. 
Sliabh Mis, (now Slieve Mish), 

where situated, 17, n. Murmur 

of the streams of, 16, 17. 
Sliabh Muice (the Pig's Mountain') , 

299, n. " 

Sliabh-na-m-ban 5, n., 50, 50, n., 

51. Fenian, traditions of, 217, n 
Slieve Bloom, 292, n. 
Slieve Muck, where situated, 299, n. 
Sligo, 18, n. 
Smith, quoted, 25, n. 
Smerwick, 138, n. 
Specimen of an ancient Irish Lul- 
laby, 292. 293. 
Stone of destiny, 130, n. 
Stone-throwing, antiquity of, 64, n. 



310 



Strongbow. 25, n. 

S. Barnabas, 283. 

St. Berchan, 295, n, 

St. Columbkill quoted, 302, n. 

St. Gobnait, church of, 185, n. 

St. Molanfaidh, 25, n. 

St. Patrick, 31, n., 81, n., 201, n., 

203, n., 216, n., 287, 304, n. 
Suir (the river), 4, 4, n., 5, 30, n. 
Surnames, 71, n 
Swallows, 26. 27 

T. 

Tara, 234, n. Druid of, 65, n. 

Hill of, 164, n. 
Teamhair Luachra, where situated, 

291, n. 
Thomond, Marquis of, 51, ?t. 
Thrush, 4, 4, n., 5. 
Tipperary, 5, n., 16, n., 29, n., 

50, n., 294, n., 298, re., 299, n. 
Tir Chonaill, (Tir Connell), 15, n. 
Tobar Glonda, 300, n. 
Todd, Rev. Dr., 283. 
Traigh Rudhraighe, 16, n. 
Tralee, 298, «., harbour of, 23, n. 
Troughanackrny, barony of, 17, n. 
Tuathal Teachtmhar, 4, n. 



U. 

Ui Faelain, 70, n. 

Ui Failghe, 284. 

Ui Fidhgeinte, 284. 

Ui Tairsigh, 284. 

Ulster Journal, quoted, 76, n. 

Ulster families, their descent, 196,n. 

Unmall, 31, n. 

W. 

Walsh mountains, 50, n. 

Walsh, the late Edward, quoted, 

5, n. 
Waterford, 16, n , 24, n., 72, n., 

164, n. 
Westminster Abbey, 164, n. 
Wexford, 50, n, 280. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Judith, 18, n. 
Wheeler, Oliver, 18, n. 
Whelan, Rev. John, B. P., 72, n. 
Wicklow, 71, n. 
Williams, W., 232. 
Windele, quoted, 202, n. 
Wolves, 22, 23. 



Youghal, 25, n. 



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313 



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M'Carthy, Rev. John, C.C.Mallow. 



810 



M'Carthy, T., Esq., Bandon. 

M'Oullagh, Niall, Esq., Buenos 
Avres. 

M'Devitt, Rev. James, C.C., St. 
Patrick's College, Maynooth. 

M'Evoy, D., Esq., Urlingford, Co. 
Kilkenny. 

M'Gauran, John, Esq., Westland- 
row, Dublin. 

M'Ginty, M., Esq., Bray. 

Madden, Rev. John, C.C., Gort, 
Co, Galway. 

Madigan, Thomas, Esq., Kilrush. 

Madigan, Andrew, Esq., Kilrush. 

Magauran, Patrick, Esq., Ballina- 
more, Co. Leitrim. 

Magennis, Edward Augustus, Esq., 
8, North-street, Newry. 

Maguire, Edward, Esq., J.P., Bar- 
rister, Gortoral House, Swanlin- 
bar, Co. Cavan. 

Maguire, Nathaniel, Esq., Bone- 
brook, Bawnboy. 

Mahony, Rev. Laurence, Buttevant, 
Co. Cork. 

Mahony, Richard, Esq., Dromore 
Castle, Kenmare. 

Marnel, Mr. John, Pallas, Mary- 
borough. 

Martin. John, Esq., 26, Rue Lace- 
pede, Paris. 

Meagher, Very Rev. Monsignore, 
William, D.D., V.G., P.P., Rath- 
mines, Dublin. 

Meagher, Rev. John, C.C., Lorrha, 
liorrisokane. 

Meany, Rev. Patrick, C.C., Bally- 
knock, Carrick-on-Suir. 

Meany, Rev. G., C.C., St. James's 
Church, Blackburne Lancashire. 

Moloney, Kev. Michael, C.C., Kil- 
bride, Wicklow. 

Moloney, Rev Thomas, C.C., Mul- 
lough, Miltownmalbay. 

Moloney, ttev. B., P.P., Clough- 
Jordan & Monsea, Co. Tipperary. 

Moloney, P., Esq., Jail-st., Ennis. 

Monsell, Kt. Hon. William, M.P., 
Tervoe, Co. Limerick. 

Moore, John, Esq., Solicitor, Mid- 
leton, Co. Cork. 

Moore, Kcv. Philip, C.C., Piltown, 
Co. Kilkenny. 

re, Mr. Wm. E., N.T., Castle- 
mahi n. 

Moran.Rev, Patrick, C.C., Kilkee. 



Moran, Michael, Esq., Drumgra- 
nagh, Ennis. 

Moriarty, M., Esq., St. Mary's 
Cottage. Dumfries. 

Moroney, Jeremiah, Esq., Philadel- 
phia. 

Morris, Henry, Esq., 4, Little Ship- 
street, Dublin. 

Moxon, Wm. Milson, Esq., Survey- 
ing General Examiner of Excise, 
Somerset House, London. 

Moylan, John, Esq., Rathkeale. 

Moynahan, Mortimer, Esq., Skib- 
bereen, Co. Cork. 

Mulcahy, Rev. E. s P.P., Timo- 
league, Bandon. 

Mullane, Mr. Michl., Castlemahon. 

Murray, Rev. Thomas L., P.P., 
Kilcolman, Mallow. 

Murphy, Rev. Dominick, South 
Presbytery, Cork. 

Murphy, Rev. Wm., C.C., Skib- 
bereen, Co. Cork. 

Murphy, James, Esq., I.Lombard- 
street, Dublin. 

Murphy, M. A., Esq , 7, James's- 
street, Liverpool. 

Murphy, Rev. T., P.P., Youghal. 



N. 

Nash, David William, Esq., Bar- 
rister, 9, Vyvyan Terrace, Clif- 
ton, Bristol. 

Nash, Rev. A., Rathkeale. 

Nealon, Jas., Esq., Toonagh, Ennis. 

Newell, Rev. T., C.C, Ennistymon. 

Newport, Rev. Andw., C.C, Ennis. 

Nicholson, John Armitage, Esq , 
Belrath, Kells, Co. Meath. 

O. 

O'Brien, Rt. Hev. Dominick, D.D., 
Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, 
Waterford. 

O'Hea, Most Rev. Michael, D.D., 
Bishop of Ross, Skibbereen. 

O'Brien, William Smith, Esq., 
M K I. A., Cahirmoyle, Newcastle 
West, Co. Limerick (4 copies). 

O'Brien, Edward W., Esq., Sch., 
40, Trinity College, Dublin, and 
Cihirnioyle, Newcastle W t, 
Co. Limerick. 



317 



O'Brien O'Fiely, T., Esq., A.B., 
LL.B., Ruby Lodge, Dalkey, 
Co. Dublin. 
O'Beirne-Crowe, Jolin, A.B., Pro- 
fessor of Celtic Languages, 
Queen's College, Galway. 
O'Boyle, Rev. Thomas, C.C., South 
Gloucester, County of Carleton, 
Canada West, North America. 
O'Brickley, Mr. David, 27, Hatton 

Garden, London. 
O'Brien, Patrick, Jun., Esq., Clare 

Castle, Co. Clare. 
O'Brien, Richard, Esq., 56, Cam- 

den-street, Dublin. 
O'Brien, Robert, Esq., Old Church, 

Limerick. 
O'Brien, Mr. Daniel, St. David- 

street, Cardiff. 
O'Brien, Rev. William, C.C., Kil- 

mihil, Kilrush, Co. Clare. 
O'Brien, Mr. John, Ballycullen, 

Ashford. Co. Wicklow. 
O'Byrne, John, Esq., 7, Jardin 

Royal, Toulouse. 
O'Byrne, Messrs. P. & Co., Aston's- 

quay, Dublin. 
O'Callaghan, Eugene, Esq., Lime- 
rick. 
O'Carroll, Rev. Vincent. O.P., St. 

Saviour's Priory, Limerick. 
O'Carroll, Rev. Christopher. C.C., 

Rue Castle, Craughwell. 
O'Cavenagli, John Eugene, Esq., 6, 
Essex-street, Islington, London. 
O'Connell, D., Esq., M. D., Flint- 
field, Mill- street, Co. Cork. 
O'Connor-Kerry, Rev. Chas. James, 
C.C., Saiidiford, Dundrum, Co. 
Dublin. 
O'Connor, Michael, Esq., Glena- 

geary, Kingstown. 
O'Connor, Mr. Thomas, 19, Shep- 
herd-street, Oxford st , London. 
O'Connor, Mr. Michael, 97, St. 

Martin's Lane, London. 
O'Connor, Patrick, Esq., Secretary, 
Scientific and Literary Society, 
Kilrush. 
O'Daly, John, Esq., O'Daly's 

Bridge, Kells. 
O'Daly, Mr. John, 9, Anglesea-st., 

Dublin. 
O'Donnell, Michael, Esq., Solicitor, 
Charleville. 



O'Donnell, Rev. Patrick, C.C., 

Carrick-on-Suir. 
O'Donoghue, Rev. Edmund, C.C., 

Shannon-view, Shanagolden. 
O'Donoghue, Rev. Philip, C.C., 

New York. 
O'Donohue, Francis, Esq , Bally- 
gurreen, Newmarket-on-Fergus. 
O'Donovan, John, LL.D.M.R.I.A. 
Barrister, 36, Upper Bucking- 
ham-street, Dublin. 
O'Donovan, Mr. J., Lisbehoge, De- 
sert Serges, Bandon. 
0'J)onovan-Rossa, Jeremiah, Esq , 

Skibbereen, Co. Cork. 
O'Duffy, John, Esq., 75, Dame- 
street, Dublin (4 copies.) 
O'Driscoll, Denis Florence, Esq., 
A.B , Senior Scholar in Natural 
Philosophy, Queen's Coll., Cork. 
O'Driscoll, John, Esq., 10, Angle- 
sea-street, Dublin. 
O'Driscoll, Patk., Esq., C.E., Ennis. 
O'Farrell, James, Esq., 1, Bevois 
Cottages, Bevois Valley, South- 
ampton. 
O'Farrell, Rev. Mark, P.P., Fer- 

bane, Diocese of Ardagh. 
O'Farrell, M. R., Esq., 28, Upper 

Pembroke-street, Dublin. 
O'Flaherty, Martin, Esq , Galway. 
O'Flanagan, Mr. John, Wellbrook, 

Corofin, Co. Clare. 
O'Flynn, Rev. John L., O.S.F.C, 

Church-street Friary, Dublin. 
O'Gorman, Thos., Esq., 28, Heytes- 

bury-street, Dublin. 
O'Grady, Admiral, Erinagh House, 

Castleconnell. 
O'Grady, Standiah Hayes, Esq., 

Erinagh House, Castleconnell. 
O'Grady, Rev. Thomas, Berehaven. 
O'Grady, Rev. Thomas Standish, 

P.P., Adare. 
O'Grady, Mr. Stephen, Kilareidy. 
O'Grady, Edwd., Esq., Rathkeale. 
O'Hagan, John, Esq., Barrister, 

2U, Kildare-street, Dublin. 
O'Hanlon, Rev. John, C.C., 17, 

James'-street, Dublin. 
O'llanlon, David, Esq., M.D., 

Rathkeale. 
O'Hannigan, John, Esq., Dungar- 

van, Co. Waterford. 
O'Hara, Randall, Esq., 2, John- 
street, Cardiff. 



318 



O'Hara, John, Esq., Curlough, 
Bawnboy. 

O'Hea, Patrick, Esq., Bandon. 

O'Herlihy, P., Esq., 33, Ebenezer 
Terrace, Sunday's Well, Cork. 

O'Higgin, Rev. R. J., Limerick. 

O'Horgan, Rev. _, C.C., St. Lau- 
rence O'Toole's, Dublin. 

O'Kelly, Wm, Esq., 32, Chestnut- 
street, Liverpool. 

O'Keeffe, Connor, Esq., Queen's 
College, Cork, and Abbeyview, 
Kilcrea. 

O'Kennedy -Morris, Michael, Esq., 
A.B., M.D., Queen's University, 
Boulie, Kilcooley Co. Tipperary. 

O'Laverty, Rev. James, C.C., Dio- 
cesan Seminary, Belfast. 

O'Loghlen, Sir Colman M., Bart., 
20, Merrion-sq., South, Dublin. 

O'Loghlen, Bryan, Esq., Rockview, 
Ennis. 

O'Looney, Brian, Monreel, Ennis- 
tymon. 

O'Mahony, Rev. Thomas, P.P.. 
Crusheen and Rath. Co. Clare. 

O'Mahony, Rev. Thaddeus. A.B., 
24, Trinity College, Dublin. 

O'Mahony, James, Esq., Bandon. 

O'Mahony, James, Esq., Ballivil- 
lone, Bandon. 

O'Meara, John, Esq., Birr. 

O'Neill, Geo. F., Esq., B.A., Newry. 

O'Neill, Neal John, Esq., Marino 
Crescent, Clontarf, and 82, Marl- 
borough-street, Dublin. 

O'Neill, Rev. James, C.C., Ratfi- 
cormick, Co. Cork. 

O'Rcgan, Mr.,— N.T., Bally vohan. 

Ormond, Robert, Esq., Mulgrave- 
street, Cork. 

O'Rourke, Rev. John, C.C., Kings- 
town, Co. Dublin. 

Orr, Samuel, Esq., Flower Field, 

Coleraine. 
O'Sullivan, Denis, Esq., Bantry. 
O'Sullivan, Mr. James, 2, Cowane- 
street, Stirling, Scotland. 

P. 

Parker, John II., Esq., Shamrock 
Lodge, Harold's Cross, Dublin. 

Parkhousc, Thos., Esq., Tiverton, 
Devon. 

Petty, John, Esq., C.E., Ennis. 



Phayer, William. Esq., Limerick. 

Phelan, Mr. William, Walshestown. 

Fierce, Richard, Esq., Waterloo 
Place, Wexford. 

Pigott, John Edw., Esq., M.R.I. A., 
Barrister, 96, Lr. Leeson-street, 
Dublin. 

Pontet, Marc, Esq., 8, Upper 
Sackville-street, Dublin. 

Power, Rev. Joseph, M.A., Uni- 
versity Library, Cambridge. 

Power, William, Esq., 116, Bar- 
rack-street, Waterford. 

Power, Patrick James, Esq., Cool- 
agh, Dungarvan. 

Prim, John G. A., Esq., Proprietor 
of the Moderator, Kilkenny. 

Q. 

Quaid, Rev. Patrick, P.P., Drom- 

collogher, and Broadford, Char- 

leville, Co. Limerick. 
Quin, Very Rev. Andrew, P.P., 

V.G., Kilfenora and Kiltoraght, 

Co. Clare. 
Quinlivan, Rev. Michael, P.P., 

Newmarket-on-Fergus, Co.Clare. 

R. 

Raleigh, F. Gibbon, Esq.. Castle- 

mahon. 
Reade, Rev. Geo. Fortoscue, A.B., 

Inniskeen Rectory, Dundalk. 
Reeves, Rev. William, D.D. Lusk, 

Co. Dublin. 
Reeves, Rev. John, C.C., Kilmeady. 
Reynolds, Thomas, Esq., City Mar- 
shall, Dublin. 
Roche, Lewev, Esq., 49, Patrick-st., 

Cork. 
Roche, Mr. Michael, Castlemahon. 
Rooney, M. W., Esq., 26, Anglesea- 

street, Dublin. 
Rowan, Very Rev. Archdeacon, 

D.D., M.K.I.A., Tralee. 
Rowland, John T., Esq., Solicitor, 

Drogheda. 
Royal Dublin Society, Library of, 

Kildare-street, Dublin. 
Russell, Thomas O'Neill, Esq., 103, 

Grafton-street, Dublin. 
Ryan, Andrew, Esq., Gortkelly 

Castle, Borrisoleigh. 
Ryan, Patrick, Esq., St. Patrick's 

College, Maynooth. 



3li» 



s. 

Scott, William, Esq., Ranelagh, 
Co. Dublin. 

Shairp, John Campbell, Esq., the 
University, St. Andrews, Scot- 
land. 

Shaw, Mrs.; Monkstown, Cork. 

Sheahan, Michael, Esq., Buttevant. 

Sheahan, Mr. Daniel, Ardagh, New- 
castle West, Co. Limerick. 

Sheahan, Mr. Michael, Newcastle 
West Post Office, Co. Limerick. 

Sheehan, Daniel, Esq.,1 15, Patrick- 
street, Cork. 

Sheehy, Geo., Esq., Castlcmahon. 

Sheehy, Henry, Esq., Port William, 
Ballingarry, Co. Limerick. 

Siegfried, Kudolf Thomas, Ph D., 
Trinity College, Dublin. 

Sigerson, Geo.. Esq., A.B., Queen's 
College, Cork. 

Skene, William F., Esq., 20, In- 
verleith-row, Edinburgh. 

Smiddy, Rev. Kichd., C.C., Mallow. 

Soanes, Robert L., Esq,, 2, Royal 
Exchange Buildings, Cornhill, 
London. 

Stack, Rev. John, C.C., Tomgeany, 
Scariff, Co. Limerick. 

Stackpoole, Capt. W., J.P., Bally- 
alla, Ennis. 

Stamer, Wm., Esq , M.D., Ennis. 

Stephens, Professor George, Copen- 
hagen. 

Stephens, Thomas, Esq., Merthyr 
Tydfil, Wales. 

Sullivan, W. K., Ph. D., Museum 
of Industry, Stephen's Green, 
Dublin. 

Sweeny, Mr. William, Tanlehane. 

Synan, Very Rev. Dr., P.P., Sha- 
nagolden, Co. Limerick. 



Talbot de Malahide, The Rt. Hon. 

Lord, Malahide Castle, Malahide. 
Talbot, Marcus, Esq., Ennis. 
Thomson, Miss M. M., Ravensdale, 

Flurry Bridge, Co. Louth. 
Tierney, Daniel, Esq., A.B., C.E., 

Queen's University, Blackwater 

Lodge, Shannon Baidge, King's 

County. 



Tighe, Robert, Esq., Fitzwilliam- 

square, Dublin. 
Todd, Rev. James Ilenthorn, D.D., 

S.F.T.C.D., F.S.A., President 

of the Royal Irish Academy, 

Dublin. 
Todd, Burns, and Co., Messrs. (per 

Librarian), Mary-street, Dublin. 
Tracy, Rev. John, C.C., Ballyneill, 

Carrick-on-Suir. 
Trevor, Kev. .fames, C.C., Bray. 
Troy, John, Esq., Fermoy. 
Tully, Rev. Patrick, P.P., Gort, 

Co. Galway. 



VandermaeVen, Mons. Corr, Brux- 
elles. 

Varian, Ralph, Esq., 105, Patrick- 
street, Cork. 

Vaughan, Rev. Jeremiah, P.P., Kil- 
raghtis and Doora, Co. Clare. 

Veale, James, Esq., Cappoquin. 

W. 

Walsh, Michael, Esq., Labasheeda, 

Kildysart, Co. Clare. 
Walsh, Robert P. C, Esq., 34, 

Ebenezer Terrace, Sunday's Well, 

Cork. 
Ward, John, Esq., Endowed School, 

Back-lane, Dublin. 
Ward, Rev. Peter, P.P., Turlough, 

Castlebar. 
Ward, Mr. Luke, Castlebar. 
Westropp, Ralph M., Esq., Ravens- 

dale, Carrigaline, Co. Cork. 
White, John Davis, Esq., Deputy 

Registrar, Diocese of Cashel, 

Cashel. 
Wheeler, Rev. Robert, C.C., Cel- 

bridge. 
Whitestone, John, Esq., Clonda- 

gad and Ballinacally. 
Wilde, William Robt., Esq., M.D., 

F.R.C.S.I., M.R.I.A., 1, Mer- 

rionsquare, North, Dublin. 
Williams, Wm., Esq., Dungarvan. 
Williams, Patrick, Esq., Dungarvan. 
Wilson, Andrew, Esq., Surveying 

General of Excise, Somerset 

House, London. 
Windele, John, Esq., Blair's Castle, 

Cork. 



320 

Woodlock, Mr. John, South Mall, Wynne, Mr. Michael, Lough Allen, 
Thurles. Drumshambo, Co. Leitrim. 

Wright, Charles H. H., Esq., A.B., Wynne, Rev. — , D.D., Dundrum, 
19, Trinity College, Dublin. Co. Dublin. 

Wright, Edward P., Esq., LL.D., | Wyse, Capt. Bonaparte, Waterford 
5, Trinity College, DubUn. i Artillery, Waterford. 



AUSTRALIAN CELTIC ASSOCIATION, SYDNEY. 
Treasurer — Jeremiah Moore. Esq. 
Secretary — W. Davis, Esq. 



M'Encroe, The Venerable Arch- 
deacon, Sydney. 

Plunkett, The Hon. John Hubert, 
Q.C., M.L.A], Sydney. 

M'Carthy, Rev. Timothy, Armi- 
dale. 

Corish, Rev. M. A., O.S.B. 

Beart, Mr. Bryan. 

Brien Mr. James. 

Caraher, Mr. Owen Joseph. 

Cleary, Mr. James,(Maryborough.) 

Cleary, Mr. Richard. 

Coverny, Mr. Robert. 

Crane, Mrs. Patrick. 

Cunningham, Mr. Edward. 

Davis, Mr. \Vm. M. 

Davis. Mr. John. 



Hilbert, Mr. J. 

Kearney, Mr. Denis. 

Lennan, Mr. James. 

M'Cormac, The Widow. 

Mac Donnell, Mr. Randall. 

M'Evilly, Mr. Walter. 

Moore, Mr. Jeremiah. 

O'Dwyer, Mr. John. 

O'Molony, Mr. P. O'D. (Secretary.) 

O'Neil, Mr. Thomas. 

O'Neil, Mr. Morgan. 

O'Neill, Mr. James. 

O'Neill, Mr. Cornelius. 

O'Reilly, Mr. Robert M. 

Reidy, Mr. P. 

Smith, Mr. James. 

Stevenson, Mr. John. 



LONDON, CANADA WEST, ASSOCIATION. 



Downes, Henry, Esq. 

Irwin, William, Esq. 

M'Cann, Philip, Esq. 

Norris, Patrick G., Esq., Solicitor. 

Oliver, D. Noble, Esq. 



O'Mara, Patrick, Esq. 
Robinson, William, Esq. 
Shanly James, Esq., Barrister. 
Tierney, John M., Esq., (Law Stu- 
dent,) Secretary. 



ERRATA. 

Page 32, note, for 1880, read 180S. 

,, 152, stanza 5, line 4, for ceApo, read ceAtjt). 

,, 166, ,, 1, ,, 1, insert reference to the word ceAtjij' 

,, 213, line I, note, for may read might. 

,, 221, stanza 6, line 4, for bonds read pain, 



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