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'Washington Pioneer 

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Transactions of the 

Washinoton Pioneer 

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and 1910 

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Washington Pioneer Association 

FOR THE YEARS 1905 TO 1910 





Also the addresses of — 

James B. Metcalfe Gust Eckloff 

Oliver C. McGilvra Thomas H. Cann 

Edmond S. Meany Edyth T. Weatherbed 

Elbert F. Blaine Edwin Eells 

Leandeb Miller Samuel L. Ckawford 

George H. Hines and Others 

at the Reunion of June 7 and 8, 1910. 

Compiled by 


Published by 


Printed by 

Allen County Public Library 

900 Webster Strest 

PC Box 2270 

Fort Wayne, IN 46801-2270 



Organization, Reorganization and By-Laws 3 to 7 

Transactions of Association, 1905 to 1910 8 to 15 

Dedication of Washington Pioneer Hall 16 to 38 

Annual Business Meeting of Association 39 to 46 

Annual Dinner and Social Meeting 47 to 59 

Historical Address of 1905 60 to 65 


The Association of Washington Pioneers had its inception 
and origin in the City of Olympia. There, on the 10th of Oc- 
tober, 1883, was held the first meeting, of which John M. Swan 
was Chairman and Robert Frost, Secretary. October 23d of 
the same year was held a second meeting, at which a form of 
government was adopted, and to which was given the written 
approval of forty-three men and women who had lived in the 
Territory prior to 1856. Other meetings followed, at Olympia, 
Tacoma, Port Townsend, Vanconver and Seattle, at least one 
each year, all the meetings for the past fifteen years being in 

In 1895 the Pioneer Association of the State of Washing- 
ton was incorporated by Orange Jacobs, Charles Prosch, John 
J. McGilvra, W. V. Rinehart, W. Parry Smith, Dillis B. Ward, 
Edgar Bryan, Granville O. Haller, A. A. Denny, D. T. Denny 
and L. S. Rowe. The objects were declared to be ''historical, 
scientific, literary, monumental and social, and to that end, 
among other things to collect from living witnesses and other- 
wise such facts relating to the Pioneers, and the history of 
Washington Territory and the States of Washington, Oregon, 
Idaho and California as the Association may deem worthy of 
preservation, and promote social intercourse among its mem- 
bers, and to record and publish such facts so collected, to- 
gether with brief biographical sketches of Pioneers, for the in- 
formation of future generations. Also, when deemed advis- 
able, to construct or purchase a suitable hall or building for 
the use of the Association.'' Seattle was made the principal 
place of business, and there were the usual provisions for mem- 
bership, officers, bylaws, revenues and meetings. The first 
President of the new organization was William V. Rinehart: 
Secretary, W. Parry Smith: Treasurer, Edgar Bryan, and 


Trustees, A. A. Denny, O. Jacobs, Charles Prosch, D. B. Ward 
and L. S. Rowe. 

June 2d, 189G, the old Association convened in regular ses- 
sion. The matter of the new Association was presented, and 
by formal vote, upon motion of Geo. F. Whitworth, ''the Asso- 
ciation was declared merged in, and its property, records, etc., 
transferred to, the newly incorporated Association." 

The bylaws adopted in 1895, with such amendments as 
have since been made, are as follows: 



The headquarters of this Association, at which the Secre- 
tary or his deputy shall reside, and at which the books, records, 
archives or relics deposited by the members shall be kept, shall 
be at the City of Seattle, County of King, and State of Wash- 


The regular annual meeting of this Association shall be 
held on the second Tuesday of June of each year, or at such 
other time as shall be fixed by the vote of the Association. It 
shall be called to order by the President, or in his absence by 
the Vice President, or in the absence of both of them by the 
Secretary, at 10 o'clock a. m. After the meeting shall be called 
to order in the absence of the President and Vice President, 
a President pro tem. shall be elected, who shall preside at such 
meeting of said Association during the absence of the Presi- 
dent and Vice President. 

It shall be the duty of the Secretary to give at least thirty 
days' notice of the annual meeting, by publishing the same in 
some newspaper of general circulation y>ublished at said city, 
county and State; provided, however, that the neglect of said 
Secretary to give such notice shall not invalidate the proceed- 
ings of said meeting. 


Special meetings may be called by the President, with con- 
sent of a majority of the Board of Trustees. Notice of such 
special meeting shall be given or directed by the President, 
and signed by the Secretary, but no business shall be trans- 
acted other than that expressed in the call. 



At the annual meeting provided for in Article II the offi- 
cers mentioned in the Articles of Agreement, as well as a 
Board of Trustees, shall be elected; also such other officers 
as may be provided for in these Bylaws. The voting shall 
be by ballot, except in cases where there is no contest. Any 
person receiving a majority of the votes cast shall be declared 
elected to the office voted for, or the Trustee voted for. The 
terms of the officers and Trustees mentioned in the Articles of 
Agreement shall be one year, beginning ten days after their 
election. Vacancies caused by death, resignation or failure to 
serve shall be filled by the Board of Trustees. In addition to 
the officers mentioned in the Articles of Agreement, a Vice 
President shall be elected at the annual meeting, who, in the 
absence of the President, shall perform the duties of the Presi- 
dent, and hold office in accordance with the terms of this By- 


Ten members shall constitute a quorum for the transac- 
tion of business. 


The admission fee of this Association shall be, for males, 
one dollar; for females, free. 


All persons shall be eligible to membershij) in this Asso- 
ciation who were residents of the Territory of Washington 
forty years or more prior to their ajjplieations for member- 
ship ,and no other. The pioneer period shall never be extended 
beyond November 11th, 1889. 


The annual dues shall be one dollar for males, and shall he 
paid on or before each annual meeting. Females shall be ex- 
empt from the payment of annual dues. 


Any male member neglecting the payment of annual dues 
for five years shall be debarred from ])articii)atiiig in the pro- 
ceedings of the Association until such dues shall be paid. 



The duties of all elective and appointive officers shall be 
such as usually pertain to such offices or officers, and those 
added by special direction of the Association from time to 


The Secretary, in addition to his other duties, shall give to 
each member a receipt for all moneys or dues paid by said 


No money shall be paid out by the Treasurer except upon 
a warrant signed by the President and attested by the Secre- 
tary. The Treasurer shall before entering upon the discharge 
of his duties as Treasurer give a bond to the Association in 
such sum as may be prescribed by a vote of the Association 
to be entered of record. The bond shall be with one or more 
sureties to be approved by the President, and said bond shall 
be conditioned for the faithful discharge of his duties as Treas- 
urer of the Association. 


The Trustees shall, within the week immediately preceding 
the annual meeting of the Association, examine the accounts 
of the Secretary and Treasurer, and all bills presented against 
the Association, and shall report in writing at said annual 
meeting the state of said accounts, together with any action 
or recommendation they may deem advisable with reference 
thereto. The Board of Trustees shall receive all propositions 
for the donation of any lot or lots or tract or tracts of land 
for a site for a hall or memorial building or for other pur- 
poses, and shall through its Chairman report in writing said 
proposed donation or donations to the Association, together 
with such recommendations as they, or a majority of them, 
may deem advisable. The Association shall at its annual 
meeting, or at any special meeting, take final action on such 
j>roj)osed donation and the recommendations of said Board 
of Trustees with reference thereto. The Trustees shall have 
the absolute power to receive, accept and receipt for, in the 
name of the Association, all gifts or donations of personal 
property, to be used or kept in furtherance of the pur])Oses 
of the Association. 

The Board of Trustees shall in the first instance have con- 
trol, subject to the a])proval of the Association, of all the busi- 


ness of the Association, but no contract shall be finally con- 
cluded for the purchase of land or the erection of a hall, or 
memorial building, nor shall any debt be contracted, without 
the action of the Association, and subject to the Articles of 
Agreement signed by the members of the Association. 


No political or sectarian questions shall be introduced or 
debated during any meeting of this Association. 


These Bylaws may be altered or amended at any annual 
meeting of the Association, or at any special meeting called 
for that purpose, by a vote of two- thirds of those present. If 
an amendment or amendments are sought to be made at a 
special meeting, such intended amendment or alteration must 
be noted in the call for such meeting, which call shall be pub- 
lished at least ten days before said meeting. All amendments 
must be proposed in writing, and a copy thereof given to the 
Secretary of the Association. 


1. Roll Call. 

2. Reading minutes of previous meeting. 

3. Report of Trustees. 

4. Report of Treasurer. 

5. Report of Secretary. 

6. Report of Special Committees. 

7. Admission of new members. 

8. Unfinished business. 

9. New business. 

10. Election of officers. 

11. Orations, etc. 

12. Adjournment. 



The reunion was held June 20th and 21st, in the Associa- 
tion's own building the first day and the Madison Park Pavil- 
ion the second day. There were the usual reports by the Sec- 
retary, Treasurer and Trustees. President Winslow gave the 
period allotted to him for address to Rev. W. A. Major, who 
spoke eulogistically of the late Rev. Daniel Bagley. 

Joseph A. Kuhn was elected President for the ensuing 
year; Edgar Bryan, Secretary; L. S. Rowe, Treasurer, and 
Leander Miller, Thomas W. Prosch, C. P. Stone, D. B, Ward 
and F. H. Winslow, Trustees. 

Messrs. Allen Weir, Myron Eells and E. C. Cheasty were 
appointed a committee to consider and report upon closer con- 
nection with the local societies of old settlers and pioneers 
throughout the State. 

The exercises on the second day included the annual din- 
ner ; prayer by Rev. P. E. Hyland ; singing by Mrs. W. H. Whit- 
tlesey ; historical address by Thomas W. Prosch upon "The 
Beginnings of Washington Territory"; address by Fred N. 
Baxter, a native son of Washington ; recitations by Mrs. Henry 
L. Chapman, an early day Olympian ; a song by Grandma 
Prather, and a talk in Chinook by Edwin Eells of Tacoma. 

The Secretary reported eighteen deaths among the mem- 
bers, and |280 collected from the members as dues during the 
year ending May 31st, 1905. 


June 19th and 20th were the dates for the reunion this 

The usual reports were presented. That of the Secretary 
showed a loss of twenty members from death and a gain of 
forty-seven by accessions to the membership roll. His receipts 
were $221 during the year. 


The new oflScers were George F. Whitworth, President; 
Edgar Bryan, Secretary ; L. S. Rowe, Treasurer ; C. B. Bagley, 
W. M. Calhoun, W. M. Coffman, Leander Miller and Moses R. 
Maddocks, Trustees. 

From the committee appointed last year (Allen Wen; E. 
C. Cheasty and M. Eells) was received a report by the terms 
of which provision was made for the reception at reunions of 
fraternal delegates from local organizations throughout the 
State of allied and kindred character. It was adopted as an 
addition to Article VII of the by-laws. 

The dinner on the second day was followed by a program 
under the direction of President Whitworth, which included 
prayer by Rev. P. E. Hyland ; address by Ivan L. Hyland, a 
native son of Washington; songs by Mrs. Whittlesey, and his- 
torical address by Clarence B. Bagley. 

Invitation was received from the Pierce County Pioneer 
Association, through Mr. W. H. Gilstrap, to attend and par- 
ticipate in the Fourth of July celebration at Segwalitchew 
Lake, when a monument would be unveiled commemorative of 
the first such celebration on the Pacific Coast, that of 184 1, 
which was directed by Capt. Charles Wilkes of the United 
States Exploring Expedition then operating in the present 
States of Oregon and Washington. The invitation was ac- 


June 18th the Association met in the hall at Lake Wash 

The Secretary reported the decease of twenty eight ]iersons 
during the year previous Avho had been members of the Asso- 
ciation and the accession to the organization of fifty-eight new 
members. Membership dues amounted to .fl8r». 

The Treasurer made no report, but the Trustees instead 
reported |474.74 in the treasury. 

President Whitworth read a lengthy and interesting paper 
reviewing the changes and ])rogress of the half century and 
more he had been a citizen of the Territory and State of Wash- 


The newly elected officers were : Thos. H. Cann, President ; 
Edgar Bryan, Secretary; C. B. Bagley, Treasurer; W. M. Cal- 
houn, W. M. Cofifman, Geo. F. Frye, M. R. Haddocks and L. 
Miller, Trustees. 

The time for the annual meeting of 1908 and subsequent 
years was changed from the third Tuesday and Wednesday in 
June to the second Tuesday and following Wednesday in June. 

On behalf of the native sons an address to the Pioneers 
was made by Hon. John Condon. 

June 19th the annual dinner was held in the Madison Park 
Pavilion, after which the Governor of the State, Hon. Albert 
E. Mead, delivered an historical address. Mrs. Jennie Hough- 
ton Edmonds treated the Pioneers to a number of beautifully 
rendered songs. 


On Tuesday, June 9th, the business meeting of the Associa- 
tion was begun at 10 o'clock. 

The Secretary reported the loss of twenty-seven old mem- 
bers during the year past, and the gain of fifty-three new ones. 
He also reported collections from members for admission and 
yearly dues amounting to |320. 

The Trustees made six recommendations to the general 
body, to-wit: That all members of the Association be consid- 
ered and adjudged in good standing, except those delincjuent 
in payment of dues; that the date for admission of persons to 
membership be raised to 1875 ; that sons of pioneers be admit- 
ted for the same membership fees as their fathers; that the 
Association instruct the Trustees to buy or not buy the water 
lot in the rear of the Pioneer Hall ; that the Secretary be au- 
thorized to drop from the list of members all who were delin- 
quent in payment of dues the full bylaw period ; that the sec- 
ond Tuesday and following Wednesday of June be confirmed 
as the time for the regular meetings of the Association. The 
Association authorized the purchase of the water lot; fixed 
the days of meeting as suggested, and agreed to the member- 
ship suggestions except in the case where 1875 was fixed as the 
date for new admissions. This was referred to a committee 
(Thomas W. Prosch, Wm. V. Rinehart and W. M. Calhoun) 


with instructions to consider and report at the meeting in 

Robert C. Hill was elected President for the ensuing year; 
Edgar Bryan, Secretary; W. M. Calhoun, Treasurer; T. H. 
Cann, Geo. F. Frye, M. R. Maddocks, L. Miller and W. V. Rine- 
hart, Trustees. 

The second day's exercises included the annual dinner un- 
der the direction and management of Mrs. W. M. Calhoun, ad- 
dresses by Rev. M. A. Matthews and Hon. John T. Condon, 
singing by Mrs. Whittlesey, recitation by Mrs. Lyman Wood, 
tender of an invitation from the Pierce County Pioneers to 
join with them at Spanaway Lake on the 8th of July, and a 
vote of thanks to the various people who had extended cour- 
tesies and rendered assistance at the present reunion. 

The two following memorials, presented by Thomas W. 
Prosch, were adopted, ordered placed upon the record of the 
Association, and copies sent to the families of the deceased : 


The Association of Washington Pioneers hereby ] daces 
upon record this token of respect and regard for its late Presi- 
dent, George F. Whitworth. 

Mr. Whitworth was a Pioneer in the fullest and best sense 
of the word. He was one of the first to come, in 1853, starting 
upon the long, arduous and perilous journey across the conti- 
nent with the birth of the Territory of Washington; arriving 
in time to witness its formal entry upon organized, political 
life, and remaining to the end an active, intelligent partici- 
}>ant in its development and progress to Statehood and great- 

He was a leader in the church, in the schools, in society, 
in business, in all the better walks of life, and where he went 
it was safe and well for others to follow. His sympathies \yere 
warm toward his fellowmen ; his hand was of the helping kind ; 
his advice sound, good and encouraging. 

As a citizen he was loyal to his home, his adopted people, 
his country, his nation. Of vigorous body, of great mental 
strength, of robust good nature, and of unfailing rectitude of 
purpose and conduct, he was esteemed by all, and was i-e- 
garded with sincere admiration and unquestioned veneration 
by those who were nearest and knew him best. 

His Presidency honored the Association, and will ever be 
a bright spot in its history. Gratefully the members testify 


to their knowledge of his grand character and of their many 
obligations to him in the days gone by. May he rest in peace, 
an example for all time worthy of loving contemplation and 
of universal following. 


In the death of Miss Sarah Loretta Denny, since the last 
meeting of this Association, the world lost one of its sweetest 
and best citizens, recognition of which fact is called for from 

Miss Denny was a woman of the finest character ; most 
generous in her impulses; charitable in thought and expres- 
sion ; modest in demeanor ; lovely to and lovable by all ; good 
in her every act every day of her life — an angel on earth. 

And not only in life was she the means and the medium of 
frequent, constant and untold benefits and blessings to others, 
but she provided for their continuance after her mission here 
was ended, she leaving a large and valuable estate to aid the 
philanthropies, benevolences and charities with which she was 
acquainted, in which she was interested and for which she 
hoped much. These included the Kenney Home for the Aged, 
the Children's Home for the Young, the Crittenden Home for 
Women, the disabled firemen, the students of the State Uni- 
versity, the Salvation Army, the care and cure of the tubercu- 
lar, the poor in the hospital, the church, her relatives and the 
Pioneers of Washington. Her benefactions to these institu- 
tions were of the most liberal nature and will help them for 
years to come, if not forever. It was well for the world that 
she lived; her good works will live long after her, and her ex- 
ample will be a bright and shining one for ages to couie. To 
us it is a grateful memory that she was one of the Pioneers, 
one of the most devoted, one of the earliest, one of the truest, 
one of the best. 

In recognition of her beautiful life, her noble acts of benev- 
olence and charity, her saintly spirit of kindness and help to 
all, the Washington Pioneers have rejoiced in her being, have 
grieved at her early de])arture, and they now place u])on their 
permanent record this heartfelt expression of their sentiment 
toward her. 


The annual meeting was held on Tuesday, June Sth, in the 
building belonging to the Association. 

The annual reports were read, as usual. That of the Secre- 
tary showed the loss by death of twenty-two members during 


the year. It also showed collections from members amounting 
to |243. The Treasurer's report gave evidence of a balance on 
hand of |193. There have been other sources of income than 
those reported for the years here reviewed, but they do not 
show on the Secretary's books. The income for a number of 
years has been from four to five hundred dollars. 

The special committee appointed last year to consider the 
question of a membership date and qualification reported in 
written form an amendment to the bylaws making eligible to 
membership all persons who had lived in Washington Terri- 
tory forty years or more before the making of their applica- 
tions, and that no other persons should be admitted. It was 
also provided that the forty-year qualification should end with 
the date of State admission, no one being eligible at any future 
time who had not lived in the Territory of Washington. Ton- 
siderable discussion followed presentation of the rei)ort, which 
ended with reference to another committee — Messrs, T. H. 
Cann, J. A. Kuhn and M. E. Maddocks. 

For the ensuing year Thomas W. Prosch was elected Presi- 
dent; Edgar Bryan, Secretary; W. M. Calhoun, Treasurer; and 
T. H. Cann, Geo. F. Frye, M. R. Maddocks, L. Miller and Wm. 
V, Rinehart, Trustees. 

On the day following was the annual dinner, but no pro- 
gram or other feature of entertainment. 

In October Treasurer Calhoun received the Sarah Loretta 
Denny bequest to the Pioneers— 120.000, less |1,200 exacted 
by the State as inheritance tax. The money was temi)orarily 
placed at interest. 

The Trustees at once began to prei)are for the construction 
of the new building contemplated in Miss Denny's will. Phuis, 
details and estimates were arranged for. Messrs. Miller, Frye 
and Maddocks were constituted a Building Committee. 


January 22d, in response to a formal call, a special meet- 
ing of the Association was held, at which the necessary au- 
thority was given the Trustees to spend the money and build 
the house desired, in conformity with Bylaw 13. 


At the same time a contract was signed by the oflScers and 
Trustees with Gust Eckloff for the construction of the house 
planned for |16,500, the building to be finished June 1st. 

For the purpose of advising and suggesting concerning the 
house a committee of ladies was appointed, consisting of Miss 
M. L. Denny, Mrs. T. H. Cann, Mrs. M. E. Shorey, Mrs. T. W. 
Prosch and Mrs. M. S. Drew, with power to add to their 

Upon motion of Mrs. Shorey, it was ordered that tablets be 
placed upon the front of the new building commemorative of 
the goodness and generosity of Mr. and Mrs. J. J. McGilvra 
and Miss S. L. Denny. 

On the 5th of March another special meeting of the Asso- 
ciation was held. The committee of ladies suggested the build- 
ing of a fireplace on the assembly room floor of the new house, 
with cobblestone front and sandstone mantel ; also the installa- 
tion of gas pipes and gas range. At later informal meetings of 
the committee the members urged the addition to the house of 
balconies at the east end, and they recommended changes in 
the partitions, the putting in of side seats, new furniture, etc., 
all of which suggestions were heeded and carried out by the 
contractor and Trustees. 

May 28th a third special meeting of the Association was 
held. The question of membership qualification was discussed. 
There was opposition on the part of all present (twenty-two 
members) to the numerous and easy ways of getting into the 
Pioneer Association. It was determined as the result of the 
conference to present at the regular meeting in June an amend- 
ment in favor of forty years' residence in the Territory and 
State prior to membership, the pioneer period to end with the 
end of the Territory in November, 1889. Messrs. T. H. Cann, 
W. M. Calhoun, F. H. Whitworth, D. B. Ward and F. H. 
Winslow were appointed as a committee to present the pro- 
posed amendment at the coming regular session of the Asso- 

The President was authorized to invite the Oregon Pioneers 
to meet with the Washington Pioneers in the reunion of June 
7th and 8th. 


The program following was read to those in attendance as 
that of the dedicatory exercises, commemorative of the build- 
ing, completion and occupancy of the new Pioneer Hall, on 
June 7th: 

1. Invocation, by Kev. Albert Atwood. 

2. Tribute to Mr. and Mrs. J. J. McGilvra, by Gen. J. B. 


3. Unveiling McGilvra tablet, by Miss Lillian L. Mc- 


4. Response for McGilvra family, by Hon. Thomas Burke. 

5. Song, "Auld Lang Syne," by Mrs. W. H. Whittlesey. 

6. Tribute to Miss Sarah Loretta Denny, by Profe.ssor 

E. S. Meany. 

7. LTnveiling Denny tablet, by Mr. Orion O. Denny. 

8. Response for Denny family, by Mr. E. F. Blaine. 

9. Presentation of engrossed acknowledgments of the 

Pioneer Association to the McGilvra and Denny 
families, by Secretary Edgar Bryan. 

10. Song, "Home, Sweet Home," by Mrs. Whittlesey. 

11. Statement concerning the house, by Leander Miller, 

superintendent of construction. 

12. Presentation of the house to the Washington Pioneer 

Association, by Gust Eckloff, contractor and builder. 

13. Acceptance of the house for the Pioneer Association. 

by T. H. Cann, Chairman of the Board of Trustees. 

14. Declaration of dedication, by the President, Thomas 

W. Prosch. 

15. Opening of the house, by Miss Margaret Lenora Denny, 

and its possession taking and occupancy by its 
owners, the Pioneers of the State. 



TuESDAY_, June 7th^ 1910, at 10 a. m. 

The PRESIDENT: Pioneers— This is the hour and the 
day set for your annual meeting. It is desirable, however, 
before taking up the usual and ordinary affairs of the session 
to dedicate this building with exercises and ceremonies appro- 
priate to the occasion. The order of business generally as- 
signed to this time, therefore, will be laid aside until this 
afternoon, when, at 2:30 o'clock, it will be taken up and car- 
ried through to the end. 

The first religious service, with sermon, in what is now 
the State of Washington, was conducted at Vancouver, Sep- 
tember 28th, 1834, by Rev. Jason Lee, of the Methodist Episco- 
pal denomination. The first minister of the gospel to make 
his home in what is now the City of Seattle was the Rev. D. 
E. Blaine of the same denomination, in 1853. The first house 
of worship erected in this city was the Methodist Episcopal 
Church on Second Avenue, near Columbia Street, in 1854. 
Under such circumstances it is peculiarly fitting and happy 
that another clergj-man of the same denomination, one of the 
direct successors of Mr. Blaine, one who thirty-five years ago 
was in charge of the first church, and one who is a near pio- 
neer at least, should take the first part in the dedication of 
this home for the pioneers of the State of Washington. Those 
of you who are physically able will now rise and remain stand- 
ing while the Rev. Albert Atwood, to whom I have referred, 
invokes the blessing of God upon this house, this enterprise 
and this people. 

Mr. ATWOOU : Oh, Lord, we come reverently to Thee, 
for Thou art great, and just, and good ; Thou art our Father, 
and we are Thy children. Thy goodness to us has crowned 
our lives with benefits. We pray that our hearts may be filled 
with gratitude and our lips with praise. Thou art the God of 
our fathers; we thank Thee for the work they wrought, for 
their sacrifices and toil, and acts of heroism and patriotism 
in laying the foundations of American institutions on this 
Coast. We jjray that their mantle may fall on us, and that 
we may be worthy of the inlieritance that through their ef- 
forts has come to us. P>less this Association, this gathering, 


and this house. May a spirit of fraternity and good fellow- 
ship prevail and be encouraged and strengthened among us. 
Many who formerly met with us have gone out into the great 
after-life beyond. Help us to so live that when our life work 
is done we may join them in the great reunion above, to part 
never more, and to Thee we will ascribe unceasing praise, now 
and ever. Amen. 

The PEESIDENT: I first saw this lake and stood upon 
this spot in 1871. At that time I was clerk, inspector and act- 
ing surveyor of marine vessels in the customhouse at Port 
Townsend. Collector Drew sent me here one day to measure 
three new vessels. One of these was the schooner Loleta, built 
by William Hammond, and named after his own daughter: 
another was the stern-wheel steamer Zephyr, built for James 
K. Bobbins, for service on the Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia route; 
and the third was a barge built on Lake Washington for John 
J. McGilvra. Mr. McGilvra furnished me a horse from the 
livery stable of Pioneer Abrams, and led the way to his home 
near here. As I remember the ride and the road, the latter 
was almost as crooked as the letter S, and up and down, rough, 
and little more than a trail in width. There was dense timber, 
and no houses to be seen east of Sixth or Seventh Avenues. 
On the lake, within sight or sound, was nothing to indicate the 
presence of human beings except the McGilvra family and 
home. I got an idea then of the character of Mr. McGilvra. 
He was a pioneer, typical, tried and true. Though a lawyer, 
and one who might be expected to establish himself in town, 
he chose rather to go out, to take new land, to make his own 
home, to lead cif in road and trade enterprises, to build the 
first wharf and the first vessel large enough to need (Jovern- 
ment papers, and generally to do those things done by the 
pioneers since the days of Captain John Smith, Daniel Hoone 
and others from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Mr. McGilvra 
never tired and never ceased in these efforts. He always led 
in matters for the public good, whether it was the improve 
ment of Madison Street, the building of lines of railway, the 
introduction of Cedar River water or other great and impor- 
tant undertakings. So it was with us. Wlien he thought the 
Pioneers ought to have land and building he tendereil the lot, 
this lot, without solicitation and without condition other than 
the customary occupancy and use. He was a Pioneer to be 
honored, and on this occasion it is gratifying that we have to 
deal with the memory of one so exalted and worthy as he. 
General ^Metcalfe will now address you, paying just tribute to 
Mr. McGilvra and to his estimable life partner. Mrs. Elizabeth 
M. McGilvra. 


Gen. J. B. METCALFE: I beg to express my sincere 
pleasure for the honor of addressing you today. When we 
look back to the early pilgrimages of the pioneers across the 
then desolate stretch from the Mississippi Valley to the Rock- 
ies, it challenges our admiration for those hardy spirits, men, 
women and children, who braved the dangers, hardships and 
privations of that too often harrowing trek. At any hour, 
from the tall grass, sagebrush or thicket, they must anticipate 
the hurtling of the poisoned arrow, the crack of the rifle, and 
the scalping knife of the ambuscaded savage. They scaled the 
rocky barriers, pushed through trackless desert and forest, led 
on by an inspiration to found this almost incomparable Em- 
pire of the Northwest. 

It is of one who rose to distinction among you that I desire 
to ask your attention, the late Hon. John J. McGilvra, and 
his helpmeet, Mrs. E. M. McGilvra, in building up the Puget 
Sound and Northwest Empire. 

Judge McGilvra was born in Livingston County, New York, 
on the 11th day of July, 1827. He was educated in the State 
of New York, and at 17 years of age accompanied his parents 
to Illinois and resumed his studies at an academy in Elgin in 
that State. He had studied law and in 1853 was admitted to 
practice at the City of Chicago. While in Chicago he fortu- 
nately formed the friendship of Abraham Lincoln, that great 
American, the record of whose fame is fixed high among world 
characters whose names grace the Pantheon of the great. 

Through the friendship of Mr. Lincoln he was appointed 
United States Attorney in 1861 for Washington Territory, 
and removed to this State. His home was in Olympia, but he 
subsequently went east of the mountains and in the fall of 
1802 he located at Vancouver. He filled with signal ability 
the oftice of Ignited States Attorney for five years, and declined 
a reappointment. 

Mr. McGilvra was a man of strong convictions, high moral 
standard and marked intellectual power and discernment. Be- 
ing of an active and energetic nature, he found it nearly im- 
possible to steer clear of politics, and in 18(16 he was nomi- 
nated and elected on the Republican ticket to the Territorial 
Legislature, and while there passed a bill appropriating |2.500 
to build a wagon road through Snoqualmie Pass. He ever had 
an eye to the growth and aggrandizement of the City of Seattle. 
He recognized its great commercial advantages, and was alert 
to add to its wealth and fame. The Northern Pacific Railroad 
was soon stretching its iron arm toward Puget Sound; his 
keen insight discovered that the great corporation, under its 
then management, was determined to suppress Seattle, and he 



joined with the other old fighters, principally pioneers of this 
section, in the memorable contest for the very life of Seattle. 
The result was that the Seattle and Walla Walla Railroad was 
organized. Mr. McGilvra drew the articles of incorporation, 
and in connection with Arthur A. Denny, J. M. Coleman and 
others began raising funds for the road. Many of you present 
will remember that it is the first and only railroad ever built 
by picnic parties; men, women and children joining in the 
work of the graders. He prosecuted the claims of the City of 
Seattle to 320 acres of land, and while so engaged in Wash- 
ington City he discovered that the Northern Pacific Railroad 
Comjiany was attempting to change its branch line from 
Skagit Pass to the Natchez Pass in the Cascade Mountains 
and had filed an amended plat of its branch line with the Com- 
missioner of the General Land Office. Judge McGilvra imme- 
diately called Hon. Orange Jacobs' attention to the matter, 
and as delegate to Congress Judge Jacobs, with Mr. McGilvra, 
entered protest against it unless the withdrawn lands were 
restored to public entry. They were, after a long and hot con- 
test, successful, and restored to the public domain o,(lO(),()00 
acres of the most valuable lands of the State. An unusual 
courtesy was extended to him by the House in granting him 
the floor of the House, and through the influence of the late 
Senator Mitchell of Oregon the Senate accorded him the same 
high privilege. 

His untiring zeal and his able presentation of the question 
as stated resulted in this magnificent patrimony being pre- 
served to the citizens of Washington. 

He was emphatically a self-made man, and possessed a 
firmness of character which was evinced in all his acts in life, 
and yet with it all he was as gentle and kind as a woman. He 
deserved the prosperity which came to hira in after life, for 
his life was honorable, his energy sleepless, his ability and 
talent of a high order, which secured for him well-earned hon- 
ors, and above all and what he most ap])reciated, the attach- 
ment of his fellow-countrymen. His efforts were ever sjient in 
behalf of the material benefit and substantial improvement <if 
the City of Seattle. 

In 1864 he opened Madison Street its whole length to the 
Lake at his own expense, at a personal cost of about ^si.rjOO. 
He subsequently liberally subsidized the ^Madison Street Cable 
Railroad to the amount of about ,f50.000. 

On February 8, 1855, Judge McGilvra married Miss Eliza- 
beth M. Hills, a native of Oneida County, New York, and a 
daughter of Mr. H. O. Hills of that county, who came from 
one of the most prominent of the old Connecticut families. 


Five children were given to cheer this union, three of whom 
are with us yet — Mm. Carrie E., now the wife of an honored 
fellow-citizen, Judge Thomas Burke, whom at least 14,000 of 
King County's voters say they want for the high post of the 
United States Senate; Oliver C, whom all know as a promi- 
nent member of the bar of King County and of the Supreme 
Court of the State of Washington, and Miss Lillian L., who 
resides with her mother in their beloved City of Seattle. He 
was at one time President of your honorable body, and at its 
annual reunion in June of 1902 presented to the Association 
this very lot upon which we stand today and upon which your 
splendid home is built. May it ever shelter the pioneers and 
their descendants, and in the further reunions under its roof 
may tributes of praise be always expressed of its founder. 

Today he is resting on the other side of the Great Divide, 
but his memory will ever be cherished by his fellow-citizens. 

In the fall of 1864 Mr. and Mrs. James Bush were living 
on Samamish Lake, and Mr. and Mrs. John Casto were living 
about one mile distant. One evening Mrs. Bush started on 
foot to visit the Castos. Before reaching the Casto residence 
she heard rifle shots and the cries of the Indians, and while 
undecided what course to pursue was approached by a friendly 
Indian, who informed her that the Indians had surrounded the 
Casto residence with the determination of killing Mr. and Mrs. 
Casto and their hired man. She was advised by the friendly 
Indian to immediately return to her own home and prepare 
for a defense, as the Indians would immediately proceed to 
the Bush house after having completed their work at Casto's. 
T'pon this statement Mrs. Bush lost consciousness, and was 
picked up by the friendly Indian and carried to her home. 

It was not long until the Indians surrounded the Bush 
home and began their attack. The Bushes were uufn'ovided 
with firearms, but Mr. Bush had some blasting powder and 
caps, by means of which he was able to create an explosion, 
which the Indians construed to be the report of a very heavy 
rifle or small cannon. This subterfuge enabled Mr. Bush to 
keep the Indians at bay until daylight, after which they retired 
to sleej) during the day and renew the attack the following 
night. During the day Mr. Bush and Ids family slipped away 
and came to Seattle. 

About one year after this episode, in the spring of 1865, 
Mrs. P>ush requested Mrs. McGilvra to accompany her back to 
her home on Samamish Lake. Although Mrs. McGilvra was 
obliged to take with her her eight-months-old baby, she readily 
assented to INIrs. Bush's request. The party, including Mr. 
Bush, ])roceeded by wagon to Leschi Park, then known as Flea- 
burg, and from there, in an Indian canoe, to the head of Lake 


Washington, np through Squak Slough to Samamish Lake. It 
was a rainy, stormy day, with the result that when night over- 
took the party on their way up Squak Slough they were all 
thoroughly drenched. They stopped for the night at what was 
known as the Indian camping ground, and spent the night 
keeping dry around the fire and watching for Indians. No one 
slept during the anxious night. 

The next day they proceeded to the Casto residence. Here 
they found everything in the condition it had been left by the 
Indians after the massacre. The party slept there that night, 
and the next day proceeded to remove blood-stained clothing 
and other evidences of the massacre. As it happened the Bush 
residence was at that time required for other purposes, and the 
party remained in the Casto residence for over a week. After 
seeing Mrs. Bush established in her own home Mrs. McGilvra 
returned in an Indian canoe by the same route to Leschi Park 
and thence to Seattle. 

One other incident in Mrs. McGilvra's early experience as 
a pioneer deserves a place in history : 

Shortly after Mr. McGilvra had built the family home just 
south of the pioneer building the Indians fell into the habit of 
walking into the kitchen unannounced, squatting down on 
their haunches and ordering coffee or anything else their ap]>e- 
tites suggested. Among these Indians was one who was called 
Casto Joe, for the reason that it was his custom to wear the 
wedding coat of Mr. Casto. It was generally supposed that 
Casto Joe took part in the massacre at the Casto residence and 
at that time secured the coat. Mrs. McGilvra put up with the 
imposition for a long time, owing to her fear of antagonizing 
the Indians, particularly the one wearing the wedding coat. 
Finally, however, her patience became exhausted, and, turning 
upon the Indians she delivered to them an oration in Chinook, 
delate wawa, the like of which they had never before heard 
coming from a woman. They listened in awe-stricken silence, 
then majestically arose and proceeded single file toward 

History, it is said, depicts no more formidable antagonist 
than an irate woman armed with a hot frying-pan. It was as- 
suredly signal in its results in this case, for when half way to 
Seattle they met Mr. McGilvra on his way home. They stop- 
ped him, and through their spokesman informed him that he 
had better hyak home because his klootchman was hyas potlum 
(very drunk). 

After this occurrence Mrs. McGilvra was never further im- 
posed upon by the Indians, but on the contrary they would 
call periodically and ofifer her a present in the shape of fish, 
clams or berries. These she regularly refused, knowing that 


their acceptance would result in future unreasonable demands. 
Mrs. McGilvra is a high type of a motherly woman, kindly in 
disposition and lovable but firm character. Like other pioneer 
women, she cheerfully performed the strenuous duties imposed 
upon her by pioneer life. The lives and memories of such 
women, replete with the tenderness of beautiful virtues, are 
lives which men, brave men, ever delight to reverence and 
honor. Mrs. McGilvra now lives with her youngest daughter 
on Boylston Avenue, near Madison Street. 

At this point in the program Miss Lillian L. McGilvra un- 
veiled the tablet in honor of her parents on the front of the 
building, and from the platform recited in loud and clear tones 
the legend thereon, as follows: 

''This tablet is in testimony of the grateful appreciation of 
the Pioneers of Washington to John J. McGilvra and Elizabeth 
M. McGilvra for the gift of the land upon which this building 

The PRESIDENT: On behalf of himself and other mem- 
bers of the family, Mr. Oliver C. McGilvra will now respond 
to the address of General Metcalfe.* It is but fair to say that 
to Hon. Thomas Burke was assigned this number, but finding 
that he would be unable to fill it, owing to other engagements, 
Mr. McGilvra was substituted at a late moment. 

Mr. McGILVRA: No one can regret more than I the in- 
ability of Judge Burke to be with us today. It so happened 
that it was necessary for him to be in another part of the State, 
and before going he requested me to come here and express for 
him his regert and, in his behalf, say a few words in response. 

Just after I had undertaken this responsibility I had an en- 
counter with a horse, with the result that I am exhibiting to you 
a much discolored visage. After the encounter with the horse 
it occurred to me that I certainly had a good excuse or a plaus- 
ible reason for not attempting a response, and some of my 
friends even said to me, "You certainly do not intend to ap- 
pear before a public audience with an eye like that," but when 
I stopped to remember that the pioneers would never have ac- 
complished what they did accomplish if they had allowed any 
purpose of theirs to be thwarted by any circumstance or con- 
dition, I said to myself, I will go before those pioneers today, 
whether I go before them with two eyes or whether I go before 
them with only one eye. 

*Some well-chosen remarks of impromptu character concerning Mr. 
and Mrs. McGilvra were made by Hon. R. S. Greene, of which, however, 
stenographic report was not taken nor copy furnished, and which in 
consequence are necessarily and regretfully omitted from this record. 


I have often thought that we of the younger generation 
should be thankful that our lot was cast for us in this the 
most favored portion of the globe. When to this is added a 
protecting cloak, made up of the recollections of a father's 
honorable career, we should be content indeed. It is this 
heritage that means most to us and stimulates us to try to do 
as well. 

In coming to this at that time unexplored portion of the 
world, the pioneers and their wives proved themselves to be 
rugged and brave as well as wise. There were no gold fields 
to lure them on, but, as they knew, only dense forests inhabited 
by wild beasts and skulking savages. They were not looking 
for quickly and easily acquired wealth, but only for a chance 
to work and win — for a fair field and no favor. They worked 
by principle and knew the principle by which they worked. 
They knew the rule that commerce follows the shortest route, 
and knew that somewhere in this great Northwest, near the 
Japanese current, lay the shortest route to the Orient and that 
at that point would be built the metropolis of the Pacific Coast. 

Subsequent events have proved how well their plans were 

When I look back and think of the difficulties they encoun- 
tered and of the hardships they endured, and then look around 
and see our grand mountains, every one pointing to heaven, 
and our beautiful waters, each a mirror of nature, I think it 
was from these the pioneers gained ins])iration, day by day. 

Let us then listen to the voice of these instruments of na- 
ture and endeavor to carry on the work the pioneers have so 
well begun. 

''Auld Lang Syne" was sung here by that ever-willing, ever- 
ready, ever-agreeable and ever-welcome pioneer songbird, Mrs. 
W. H. Whittlesey. 

The PRESIDENT: The next feature of the program con- 
cerns this building and the person who gave the money with 
which it was constructed. This person, this woman. Sarah Lor 
etta Denny, was one of the most lovely characters in the history 
of our State. It is said that our good works live after us. This 
is true of the late Miss Denny in an eminent degree. The 
children in the home of the Ladies' Relief Society, on Queen 
Anne Hill, who are fed and clothed and cared for thi-ough her 
thoughtful generosity, will be living testimony of her well- 
placed charity, her real and practical Christianity, for all fu- 
ture time. The young men and women of the State T'niver- 
sity, struggling for an education, will be made aware of her 
good works each and every year indefinitely in the future, and 
thev and the world bettered and improved in consequence. 


The victims of the great white plague in the Pulmonary Hos- 
pital at Riverton — the unfortunates against whom the hands 
of uuiny of our people are cruelly and mercilessly raised — will 
long bless her memory for the mental encouragement, the 
physical aid, the restored health that they derive as the result 
of her wise and loving benefaction in their behalf. And the 
old people in the Kenney Home — the men and women of TO, 
80 and 90 years, poor and without means of support, friend- 
less and helpless — will be made independent of a niggardly 
public or private charity, kept in peace and comfort, free from 
care and trouble during their last days on earth, in large meas- 
ure as a consequence of her considerate and substantial re- 
membrance of them. Nor were the Pioneers forgotten by her, 
as this building attests, and will attest during all the years 
our organization may yet continue, and when we are gone and 
there are no more pioneers, the property will benefit our suc- 
cessors, the native sons and daughters of Washington, for an 
untold, incalculable period of time. Truly, the good works of 
Sarah Loretta Denny do and will live after her. Of this beau- 
tiful woman — beautiful physically as well as mentally, morally 
and spiritually — Professor E. S. Meany, of the Washington 
State University, who knew her long and well, better than I, 
will now speak to you. 

Prof. E. S. MEANY: On consenting to stand here at this 
hour and address you on the theme assigned, I was oppressed 
as never before by my weakness, an inability to frame in fault- 
less phrase the thoughts that occur to each of us when there 
is spoken in this presence the name of Sarah Loretta Denny. 

We rarely appreciate the importance of language. George 
P. Marsh, the philologist, has said: '^So truly as language is 
what man made it, just so truly man is what language has 
made him." This great agency of human progress we use in 
life for praise or for blame, but you pioneers, you snow- 
crowned remnants of a sturdy race, what fragments of lan- 
guage shall I choose to portray for you one of your loved com- 
panions who has "gone on before?" Her deeds will affect 
your lives, they will affect kindly and efficiently the lives of 
generations to come. No word of mine can enhance those 
deeds, I hope not one may offer the slightest blemish. 

Who can tell whnt thought of kindness or of charity may 
be born here this hour? Three years ago at your annual meet- 
ing ^liss Denny left, remarking how sorely you needed a bet- 
ter meeting place. She went to Alaska in search of health, and 
in a week after her return ''the silver cord was loosed, the 
golden bowl was broken and the pitcher was broken at the 
fountain." She did not have the strenijth to build vou a home 


IN 187S 


with her own hands, but those hands had the power and her 
heart had the kindness to place in your keeping, Mr. Persident, 
and in the keeping of your colleagues the means by which this 
home was reared. 

The Arabs have as proverb : "That form of speech is best 
which makes of the ear an eye." I wish that my words may 
bring before you an image of this quiet, kindly figure. 

Every community has a heritage of names. Massachusetts 
has this heritage in Brewster, Standish and Alden ; Connecti- 
cut has its Davenport; Rhode Island its Williams; Virginia 
its Jefferson, Henry, Lee and Washington ; Kentucky has its 
Daniel Boone and the State of Washington has many names, 
among which in honored scrolls will rest that of Denny. There 
were sturdy men of that stock. Equally brave and courageous 
were the women. When the schooner "Exact" landed at Alki 
Point on November 13, 1851, the little colony that has grown 
into this City of Seattle, Arthur A. Denny helped rescue the 
goods from the tide, and then turning toward his family he 
found his wife rocking her babe in her arms, while she wept 
there on the edge of a wilderness. The foundations of Seattle 
were laid in a mother's tears. How can we measure the cour- 
age of that mother in the years that followed? In the same 
family was this quiet sister, this patient, loving daughter. 

The span of life for Sarah Loretta Denny began in Knox 
County, Illinois, on February 14th, 18.51 ; it ended here in Se- 
attle on July 25, 1907. She was a babe when the family made 
the long, laborious journey across the jjlains. She was a child 
of but eight summers when the family moved from Oregon to 
join the others in Seattle. On acquiring what of education the 
village then afforded, she taught school until her father died 
in 1875. After that she was the comj)anion of her mother. In 
that home the girl began her career as a philanthro])ist. There 
was no wealth in Seattle then, save greatness of heart. The 
old home garden bore a continual harvest of flowei-s, fruit and 
food. Few were the homes of Seattle at that time into which 
the sweets of that garden did not enter in the hour of trial or 
pain. Gladly do T bear witness of such a visit from my own 
boyhood memory. Freely did "Grandma" Denny and her 
daughter minister to the needy with their hands and from 
their garden. 

Changes came. The people mourned when "Grandma" 
Denny died. Her daughter went into the home of the brother. 
The roses and lilies, the cherries and apples of the old garden 
were thrown aside to make room for the building of a ciiy. 
All this brought increasing wealth to the girl who spent the 
rest of her life searching for ways to be helpful, her greatest 
fear being that of having anv of her charities known. 


So carefully did she screen her thoughts and acts of char- 
ity that few, even among her nearest friends, were aware of the 
great gifts she had prepared for the end. By many her will 
is esteemed the best yet probated in the history of this State. 
Besides gifts and keepsakes to friends and relatives she made 
the following bequests: 

The Congressional Home Missionary Society of New York $10,000 

Ladies' Relief Society of Seattle 10,000 

Congregational Home Missionary Society of the State of Wash- 
ington 5,000 

The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 5,000 

The Women's Board of Missions for the Pacific 5,000 

Young Women's Christian Association of Seattle 5,000 

Seattle Seamen's Friend Society 4,000 

Salvation Army, for work in Seattle 2,000 

Crittenden Home 2,000 

Young Men's Christian Association of Seattle 1,000 

Samuel and Jessie Kenney Home for Old People 20,000 

Pioneer Association of the State of Washington 20,000 

University of Washington, for the establishment of fellowships.. 25,000 

Toward founding a Pulmonary Hospital in Seattle 10,000 

Toward a fund to aid Seattle firemen injured during the dis- 
charge of their duty 5,000 

Seattle General Hospital 10,000 

Plymouth Congregational Church 5,000 

111 addition to those specific bequests, the Ladies' Relief 
Society of Seattle, the Samuel and Jessie Kenney Home for Old 
People and the Pulmonary Hospital were made residuary lega- 
tees, and each of those institutions has already received |25,000 
from this source, with more to follow. 

Every one of these gifts was most worthily bestowed, and 
every one of them was most gratefully received. We are pre- 
pared today to make acknowledgments of her gift to the Pio- 
neers. I will ask the graduating class of the University to 
establish the custom of sending a committee of girls with 
flowers for her grave on each Commencement Day.* Kind in 

*The Sarah Loretta Denny scholarships were awarded for the first 
time yesterday. The scholarships are valued at $416 each and were 
made possible through the will of the late Miss Denny. They went to 
the following students: Katherine Judson, excellence in history; 
John M. McGee, excellence in chemistry; Taraknath Das, excellence in 
political science. In appreciation of the scholarships. Will Zinn Kerr, 
president of the senior class, with a committee consisting of Miss Hilda 
Eisenbeis, Miss Bessie Anderson and Miss Grace King, visited Lake 
View Cemetery and placed on Miss Denny's grave a mass of roses, tied 
with purple and gold ribbons and bearing a card inscribed: "On com- 
mencement day the class of 1910 places this tribute of flowers on the 
grave of Sarah Loretta Denny, friend of the University of Washington." 
Prof. Edmond S. Meany, who accompanied the committee, made a few 
remarks about the noble character of the pioneer woman. — Post-Intelli- 
gencer, June 16, 1910. 


her life, thoughtful at her death, it is well that we cherish her 

With all her kindliness, her life was peculiarly sweet and 
clean. She loved children, flowers, trees and birds. She knew 
the mountain, the ocean and the forest. There seems an echo 
of her life in these lines written on the slopes of Mount 
Rainier : 


Rugged spire of emerald, 

I love thy lofty home. 
Thy hands with upturned fingers 

E'er beckon me to come. 

The scars of winter tempest 

On trunk and shattered limb 
Proclaim the brave companion 

Of mountain's cragged rim. 

May I, like thee in struggles, 

Breathe free the higher air; 
May I be true and steadfast; 

This to God in prayer. 

Mr. Orion O. Denny, the first born white male child in Se- 
attle, unveiled the Denny tablet on the front of the building, 
the statement upon which is: 

''By this tablet the Pioneers of Washington give expression 
to their gratitude to Sarah Loretta Denny, whose unsolicited 
and unexpected kindness to them enabled them to build this 
house. Erected in 1910." 

The PRESIDENT: From long acquaintance and long as- 
sociation with the members of the Denny family, and from the 
warmth of his personal feelings toward them, and his ability 
as a speaker, no one is more or better qualified to respond to 
Professor Meany than Mr. E. F. Blaine, who is now presented 
to you. 

Mr. BLAINE : To fittingly respond for the Denny family 
to the tribute that has been paid some of their departed rela- 
tives by Professor Meany is quite beyond my power. T feel 
that I am in the same condition as those for whom I am to 
speak— I command not the language which would express my 

sentiments. e •^ 

Today historv is being recorded, and for the Denny tamiiy 
to know'that a record of' the deeds of their dead is being made 
fills them with pride, and they all will look back to this oc- 
casion as one of the proudest periods of their lives. They have 
listened to words that have set their heartstrings in motion, 


and the ecstacy of saddened joy causes their hearts to overflow 
with the kindliest of sentiment toward their pioneer friends, 
who now unstintingly pay tribute to their honored dead. 

In Japan, from time immemorial, ancestral worship has 
been a creed, or rather a cult, and its influence upon the na- 
tional character of the Japanese is marked and beneficial. 
Nothing in this life is more sublime than pilgrimages to shrines 
where noted persons lie buried. It is homage of this kind that 
makes soldiers, heroes, martyrs, statesmen, scholars; in short, 
makes men. There is no communion so sweet and tender as 
that with our dead. Where rests the sanctified clay of our kin- 
dred will ever be hallowed ground. 

To call up the spirits of the departed, that the deeds they 
did while living may be reviewed and give strength and hope 
and purpose to the living, is an attribute of the highest order 
in human kind. Today we have called back the spirit of Sarah 
Loretta Denny — meek, modest, retiring Sarah Loretta Denny. 
It seems but as yesterday that I saw her among the living. I 
shall never forget the last time I saw her alive. It was the 
day before her death. I was informed that she wished to 
change her will. I went to her home and was ushered into the 
room where she lay sick unto death. She looked so wan that 
I felt sure she was unable to make a will. She was told that 
I was at her bedside and she opened her large, calm eyes and 
spoke, and so clear was she in her statements and so compre- 
hensive of what she had and to whom she wished it to go as 
to leave no room to question her mental capacity to make dis- 
position of her ])roperty. Strange, indeed, partaking of the 
heroic, that this modest woman, in no sense a public character, 
lying there in the immediate presence of death, with no child 
of her body to care for, no brother, sister, father or mother to 
favor, should change her will that additional public charities 
might be established. Maybe this supreme effort of hers will 
be rewarded by the prayer of some struggling youth intent in 
''drinking deep at the fountain of knowledge." Maybe some 
injured fireman, the rescuer of a child or aged person from a 
burning building in Seattle, will bless Miss Denny for the 
charity which she, in extremis, ]n'Ovided for him, and think of 
her as "a sister to the unfortunate." 

Among the pioneers of the Denny family who have passed 
to the ''Great Beyond" none is more kindly remembered than 
David T. Denny. There was much in his life that was pa- 
thetic. No man in Seattle lived more for the public good than 
he. That the laboring man, during periods of depression, 
might have means of sup])ort. he ran his business at a loss. 
That Seattle might have an adequate street car system he, at 


an inopportune moment, ventured his whole fortune. He was 
generous to a fault. He gave to this city a tract of land for 
a park, and this will ever stand as a monument to his memory 
and his worth. In Mr. Denny honesty was not an acquired 
trait, a commercial factor, but an attribute of the man. His 
conscience was never seared, and without effort he followed 
its dictates. 

It was my privilege to know Arthur Armstrong Denny 
much better than I knew any of the older pioneers. He was 
a friend particularly of young men. He had faith in them and 
inspired them with confidence. In all his business dealings 
he was capable and fair; he never took advantage of a man's 
necessities. His demeanor toward men with whom he might 
differ was ever courteous. He had less patience with men who 
strove to undermine our government and its institutions than 
with any other class. True pioneer that he was, he loved lib- 
erty of action — individuality — and consequently he did not 
feel that he could endorse the principles of some of the later 
day unions. He never forsook a friend or a principle: his sin- 
cerity of purpose and breadth of view made him a leader 
among men, and while he founded Seattle and lived to .see it 
a city of eighty thousand people, there were none to dispute 
his title as "leading citizen." 

I have faith that some day, in a prominent place in one of 
the public squares of this city, or in one of the beautiful i)arks 
which we are now creating, making, as it were, "lungs" for 
our city, a magnificent monument or memorial fountain will 
be erected, commemorative of the i)ioneers of this locality. 
Whatever form this memorial may take, I trust that some- 
where upon it will be shown the form of Arthur Armstrong 
Denny, and beneath his statue will be carved this inscription : 
"A nobler man never founded a city." What an inspiration for 
our descendants! What a pure and great character it would 
be theirs to analyze! A clear-cut physiognomy; a lithe, yet 
strong frame, indicative of manliness. History and tradition 
will hand down to each succeeding generation the story that 
he was gentle-nmnnered ; that he was just; that in anger he 
raised his hand against no man ; that he loved his country, his 
State, and particularly this city; that he was an ideal hus- 
band, an ideal father," an ideal citizen. The tale will oft be 
told of how, when he and his associates made a settlement at 
Alki Point and the redmen in large numbers gathered about 
them, Mr. Denny went among those untutored people. gaiiHMl 
their confidence, and retained it until the day of his death. 
Future generations will learn that few men ever had a keener 
insight into human nature than he; that the red. white, black 
and vellow man alike was his friend; that his was the largest 


funeral ever held in the City of Seattle; that beside his bier, 
with bowed heads, passed men of many nations, and their sor- 
row was great and genuine, for they knew they had lost both 
a counselor and a friend. 

I shall not undertake to estimate the full influence which 
a character like Mr. Denny's, properly perpetuated in marble 
or bronze, in history and tradition, will have upon future gen- 
erations, but the faith is deep within me that as ray own char- 
acter was influenced by the stories of the goodness of the Sav- 
ior of man, the ideal citizenship and valor of Washington, the 
philosojthy of Franklin and the martyrdom of Lincoln, so will 
the tender minds of the children of this city gain many a use- 
ful lesson from the life and character of Arthur Armstrong 

Engrossed acknowledgments were formally presented to 
the two families on behalf of the Association by Secretary 
Bryan, each being signed by the three oflScers and five Trustees. 
They read as follows: 

"The Pioneers of the State, through the ofiicers and Trus- 
tees of the Association, acknowledge a debt of real gratitude to 
the late John J. McGilvra and Elizabeth M. McGilvra for the 
gift to them of the lot upon which has since been built the Hall 
of the Washington Pioneers. The memory of this gracious act 
will long be cherished. It will be recorded in the history of 
the Association as the first substantial benefaction received, 
and will be regarded as an example to other good citizens in 
other walks of life to the betterment of societv and the world." 

"To the late Sarah Loretta Denny the Pioneers are in- 
debted for the munificent benefaction which has enabled them 
to build a house and own a home that they otherwise would 
not have possessed. They are truly grateful for her thought- 
fulness on their behalf; her generosity and her goodness to 
them. Of amiable and beautiful character, she was kind and 
helpful to all, to others as to the Pioneers, and her memory 
will ever be a blessed one, going down into the future redolent 
of love, charity and good works. As long as this Association 
exists, or a Pioneer remains, there will be affectionate thought 
and feeling for her, and when they are gone there will be a 
brightness and a glory from her that will illumine and cheer 
the world for all time." 

Mrs. Whittlesey appropriately sang "Home, Sweet Home" 
at this juncture. 


The PRESIDENT: We have all seen this house, above and 
below, inside and ont At a glance we recognize the materials 
of which it is chiefly composed. It looks like a good house; 
we believe it is; we want to know. Built under the direction 
of the Board of Trustees, with one of their number as super- 
intendent of construction, and with a reliable contractor, there 
is the information here at first hand that we want. Mr. Lean- 
der Miller, Trustee and Superintendent, will now report con- 
cerning the house as he knows it; followed by Mr. Gust Eck- 
lofl", contractor and builder, who will tell us further, and in 
addition will tender the house to the Association ; Mr. T. H. 
Cann, Chairman of the Board, concluding this portion of the 
program with formal acceptance of the building, if from his 
knowledge of it and from these reports he feels justified in so 

Mr. MILLER: From a thorough acquaintance with this 
building from the ground up, from the first stroke of work to 
the last, from inspection of all the material that has gone into 
it, as well as from close observation of the laborers, mechanics 
and others connected with its construction, I am convinced 
that the Pioneers have a first-class house for the money. I 
wouldn't say so if I didn't think so, and I wouldn't want you 
to believe it if it were not true. This house has a foundation 
of the best kind; its basement is light, airy and proof against 
fire ; this floor and the floor above speak in flattering terms for 
themselves; the roof is of gravel character, well drained and 
strong; the front is of pressed brick; the inner walls, stair- 
cases and fixed furnishings are unquestionably good. While 
some things might have been difl'erent, and ])erhaps better, we 
did the best we could, and we present to you the result in the 
finished form you see it. To the other members of the Building 
Committee — Geo. F. Frye and M. R. Maddocks — a great deal 
of the credit is due for this truly excellent house. 

Mr. ECKLOFF: As the builder of this house I want to 
tell you that it is a good one; that it has first-class material 
and first-class workmanship in it; that it is well planned and 
well built, and that you are getting 100 cents' worth of house 
for every dollar you have given me. I was glad to get the job, 
for I felt sure I would like you i)eo])le; and now I am sorry 
it is done, for I know I like you, and I don't like the i):u-fing. 
My relations with you — officers, trustees, ladies' committee 
and all — have been thoroughly pleasant. You have treated me 
handsomely, and I have tried to do the same with you. 

But all things with us must end. It is so with this build- 
ing. It is finished, and you have paid me my price. I am satis- 
fied, and I hope you are. As my task is done, and I have no 


further interest in it, except as a friend to yon, I here now 
transfer to the Washington Pioneer Association this building, 
clear of incumbrance, with policies of insurance, the keys and 
my very best wishes for its long life and for the prosperity and 
happiness of every member of your organization. I thank you, 
Mr. President, Mr. Secretary, you gentlemen of the Board of 
Trustees, you ladies who have smiled on and cheered me, for 
your many kindnesses to me, which I will gratefully remember 
to the day of my death. 

Judge CANN: As Chairman of the Board of Trustees of 
the Pioneer Association of the State of Washington, and in the 
name of the Association, I receive at the hands of the con- 
tractor and builder, Mr. Gust Eckloff, this beautiful house, to 
be the home of the Pioneers and the children of the Pioneers 
for all time. 

The Board of Trustees has had some difficulty along the 
way. Last year a tenant would not pay his rent, and settled 
himself on the back part of our lot, refusing to move off, say- 
ing he intended to take the property as a homestead. He would 
listen to no reason, and at the direction of the Board I began 
a suit against him and procured a judgment for possession and 
for the back rent. I immediately secured the services of the 
Sheriff, and we threw his effects on the street and gained pos- 
session of our property. 

Along about the beginning of the year 1910 the Trustees 
passed a resolution to commence the construction of this house, 
and I appointed George F. Frye, M. R. Maddocks and Leander 
Miller as a Building Committee. That committee appointed 
Leander Miller to take charge of the work with the architect 
and builder, and you can see before you the result, and allow 
me to say that he did his work well. I think he saw every 
brick and every piece of timber that went into the building, 
and we one and all are under many obligations to him. 

Also our President, Mr. Thomas W. Prosch, did good service 
as well, in connection with the plans, contract and construc- 
tion of this the first brick buildkig on the shore of Lake ^^'ash- 

Now, Mr. President, after listening to able addresses this 
day, and the many good things that have been said about Miss 
Sarah Loretta Denny, the good lady who donated to us the 
sum of $20,0()() that made it possible for us to erect this beau- 
tiful house, and what was said about the Hon. John J. Mc- 
(iilvra and his good wife, who gave us the lot upon which this 
house stands, I feel that I must add a word by saying that I 
think I have known Mr. McGilvra longer than any man in this 
room. I met him in the old Courthouse at Walla Walla in 


1862. He had been appointed United States Attorney for the 
Territory of Washington, and was performing his duty in 
Judge Oliphant's court, where I had been appointed by the 
Marshal to look after some prisoners that had come down from 
the north. An abiding friendship sprang up between us, and 
only terminated in his death. I can heartily indorse all that 
has been said of him today by the learned gentlemen that have 
preceded me. He was a good lawyer, a conscientious, upright 
man and a gentleman. 

Of the Dennys, I can say they are all the best of citizens, 
and of Hon. Arthur Denny that there never was a more honest 
man. He was fair in all his dealings, a friend to the man that 
toiled for his living, and to every other worthy man, woman 
or child. In fact, Mr. President, the name of Denny is a house- 
hold word, a name of credit and honor to the IMoneers of our 

The PRESIDENT: This house, standing upon our own 
land; erected in accordance with approved plans; being paid 
for and without incumbrance of any kind; being marked with 
our name and in our possession at this time; being certified 
to us by the superintendent as well and honestly constructed; 
being formally transferred in your presence to our Associa- 
tion by the contractor and builder; and being accepted by the 
Chairman of the Board of Trustees; is now by me declared to 
be dedicated to the uses and purposes of the Pioneers of the 
State of Washington forever. 

Ladies and C4entlemen : We have with us today, by si)ecial 
invitation, Mr. Geo. H. Himes, for twenty-five years Secretary 
of the Oregon Pioneer Association, a Washington jtioneer in 
his earlier days, and one who has rendered the pioneers and 
historians services beyond statement or estimate. He will con- 
gratulate and felicitate us upon our good fortune and ple.isant 
situation, and will also be reminiscent and historical in his 
remarks, for it is impossible for him to talk without recalling 
the people and incidents connected with this country a half 
century or more ago. Upon the conclusion of Mr. Himes' ad- 
dress the meeting will be adjourned to 2:30 this afternoon. 

Mr. HIMES: As this is your first meeting in this build- 
ing — your permanent home-made ])ossible tln-ough the gilt 
of a lot by Hon, John J. McGilvra and a building fund by Miss 
Loretta Denny — I apprehend that this gathering of Pioneers 
from a widespread section of the Pacific Northwest is to be 
largely in the nature of an old-fashioned housewarming. At 
this point y)ermit me to thank Piesident Prosch for his char- 
acteristically cordial and warm-hearted invitation to be ])res- 


eut on this occasion. This is the beginning of a movement 
which I trust will be continued in many succeeding years — 
that of an annual exchange of fraternal courtesies between 
the Pioneer Associations of Washington and Oregon. 

As a pioneer of early Oregon, having arrived within its 
original limits in the early part of August, 1853; and as a 
pioneer of Western Washington, as I was within the limits 
of King county about the first of October, 1853, I desire to 
congratulate you upon this auspicious occasion — an occasion 
deeply significant in assisting to perpetuate the memories of 
the founders of this great city who, in large measure, were in 
the front rank among those who laid the foundations of this 
proud commonwealth. To amply support this statement it is 
only necessary to mention the names of Arthur A. Denny, 
William N. Bell, Carson D. Boren, D. T. Denny and C. C. 
Terry, who began making homes here late in 1851. In 1852 
they were followed by Henry L. Yesler and Dr. D. S. Maynard. 
The names of these men are household words with you. They, 
indeed, are names to be remembered. 

The personal acquaintance of Mr. Denny and myself be- 
gan in 1861, soon after he removed from Seattle to Olympia 
to discharge the duties of Register of the United States Land 
Office, to which responsible position he had been appointed by 
President Lincoln. The acquaintance and friendship of Mr. 
Denny and my father began in Knox County, Illinois, in 1849, 
and only ended with the death of each one. 

There is one little incident in connection with the personal 
relations of Mr. Denny and myself which I will relate. Fifty 
years ago and more it was the custom in many of the news- 
paper offices of the country for the oldest apprentice to issue 
annually on New Year's Day a "Carrier's Address." The con- 
gratulations of the season were conveyed in rhyme to all sub- 
scribers, and they, in turn, frequently gave the carrier or ap- 
prentice a small coin as a token of their appreciation of his 
work in delivering the paper. In December, 1862, I was an 
ai>]»rentice in the printing office of the Wafthlngton ^^fandard, 
at Olympia. Inquiry revealed the fact that there had never 
been a "Carrier's Address" issued in that city up to that time ; 
consequently I determined to inaugurate the custom. The ad 
dress was prepared and printed during the night of December 
31, 1862. The next morning, and a stormy one it was, too, I 
circulated the "Address." When asked how much was wanted 
the invariable reply was, "Whatever you are pleased to give 
me." So silver from twenty-five cents to one dollar was handed 
me, and an occasional "greenback" or piece of postal currency. 
When I called upon Mr. Denny and handed him a copy of the 


"Address" he bade me take a seat. After reading it carefully 
he said : ''That's good ; it is appropriate at this time." And 
then he handed me a $2.50 gold piece. I began to fumble in 
my pockets for the change, but he spoke up quickly, saying: 
''Xever mind ; keep the change." Whereat I rejoiced and ex- 
pressed my thanks, feeling truly grateful for his kindly ex- 
pression. At the close of that day I had over $30 after the 
paper for the address was paid for. That was the largest sum 
of money I ever had together up to that date. The ''Address" 
was printed on a hand press and the paper was blue foolscap 
costing |1 per quire. This was the first publication of the kind 
issued north of the Columbia river. The first two lines were 
as follows: 

"Old Sixty-two has passed away — 
Again we hail the New Year's Day." 

Then my poetic steed balked, and I could not go any further. 
After trying in vain for a week, and when about to give up the 
effort in despair, a tramp journeyman printer named Lucien 
Everts came to Olympia. He found employment on the 
Standard, and I soon became acquainted with him. Finding 
that he was reliable, and something of a rhymester. I outlined 
my desire to issue an '"Address" on the first of the year, and 
the result was that he took the two lines as above quoted and 
added fifty-two lines more. As T have a copy of that "Ad- 
dress" — the only one in existence, so far as I know — it will 
be my pleasure to send this Association a photographic copy 
of it in the near future to be hung upon the walls of this build- 
ing or otherwise disposed of as the Board of Trustees may 

It is well nigh impossible to conceive of a stronger tie of 
fraternity than that which is the outgrowth of personal asso- 
ciation for many months. 

In the most fitting words of Oregon's most eminent poet, 
Samuel L. Simpson, who came across the plains in 184<): 

.. * * * rpj^g hearts and souls of men 

Were darkly tried and tested then. 

That, in the happy after years, 

"When rainbows gild remembered tears, 

Should any friend inquire of you 

If such and such a one you knew — 

I hear the answer, terse and grim, 

"'Ah, yes; I crossed the plains with him.'" 

In these latter days the experiences of '"crossing the plains" 
can hardlv be understood. The events of the journey, when re- 
viewed fiftv or more years later, even by those who made the 
trip, seem like a series of dreams. This is particularly true 


when the contrast between past and present methods of travel 
are considered. Now the pioneer says to himself: ''Did I 
really cross the plains? Can it be true that I was six months 
on the way to Oregon?" But when memory begins to marshal 
the occurrences of the trip into line, one after the other, even 
as late as 1859, and for some years afterward, then he recalls 
what the journey westward meant. It was to leave home, 
friends, society and all the surroundings and influences which 
the human mind holds most dear, with the strong probability 
that the separation would be final ; to strike into the wilder- 
ness occupied by wild beasts and wilder savages, with one's 
objective ])oint two thousand miles distant; to provide teams 
and supplies for a journey of several months ; to be without 
protection other than that afforded by immigrants traveling 
together; to cross unfordable rivers in improvised ferryboats 
made out of wagon boxes ; to scale almost impassable moun- 
tains ; to depend upon the country traversed for supplies for 
teams; to endure all the extremes of storm and sun, with scant 
protection ; to be subject to all kinds of diseases, without any 
prospect of medical relief; to loss of teams for want of food, 
by poisonous waters and theft by Indians; to be threatened 
with starvation, thereby risking the lives of women and chil- 
dren ; to endure great suffering from thirst while traveling for 
days in a brazen atmosphere over scorching sands; to endure 
all these hardships, and others — all combining to tax the 
powers of human endurance to the limit — then a feeble con- 
ception may be formed of the trials that the greater portion 
of those who came in the early days had to undergo. It was 
by overcoming such conditions, thus faintly outlined, by the 
pioneei's, men and women, that saved the Pacific Northwest to 
the T'nion and prepared the way for future greatness. 

In the last twenty-five years I have interviewed thousands 
of Pioneers. Among the first questions I ask is this : ''What 
induced you to come to Oregon?'' The answer is given in 
many forms, but all of them can be condensed into one sen- 
tence, viz. : "We came to better our condition !" And in so 
doing the Pioneer saved the "Oregon Country" to the nation. 
When we look at the States of the middle west as they now 
appear the above answer seems incomprehensible. This is 
the explanation in part: Much of the territory west of the 
Alleghanies fifty to eighty years ago was very sickly, ague or 
malarial fever ])revailing in a large degree; hence the desire 
for a healthy climate was a strongly impelling motive on the 
part of thousands who came to Oregon during the pioneer days. 
And that is true today to a great extent. 

Refore closing my remarks I will relate a personal experi- 
ence which occurred at the outbreak of the Yakima Indian 


war in 1855-56. In the latter part of October, 1855, my sister 
— now Mrs. William H. Riiddell, of Elma, Chehalis county, 
this State — and I were attending a "rate bill" school taught 
by Marcus McMillan in a rude log schoolhouse on the extreme 
northern edge of Chambers' prairie, known as the "Ruddell 
Schoolhouse." My father's cabin was about three miles dis- 
tant, and the road thither lay through heavy timber most of 
the way. After leaving the schoolhouse there was perhaps a 
quarter of a mile of prairie. As we were entering the timber 
about half-past four oclock that afternoon John Chambers 
overtook us, shouting as he galloped past: "Hurry, children; 
hurry, and get home; the Indian war has broken out. Mattice 
has been killed, Bolan has been killed, and I don't know how 
many more." And on he went to alarm his brother David, 
two miles away in another direction. Of course my sister and 
I were frightened. We hastened on home as rapidly as pos- 
sible, and when I saw mother I said: "The Indian war has 
broken out!" In reply she said: "Oh, no; I guess not!" "But 
John Chambers says so!'' I replied. At that her face became 
pale. My father was several miles away at work and could not 
be reached otherwise than through a special messenger, and 
that was impossible, as we had no horse and no one to send. 
In a few moments mother said in a composed voice: "^A'ell, 
I guess as soon as the chores are done you had better go to Mr. 
Wood's house and see if he will not let John come over and 
stay all night." I then began doing chores. There were four 
cows to milk, a few pigs and young cattle to feed and some 
wood to provide. When all was done it was quite dark. Then 
leaving mother and three children younger than myself I 
started on the trail toward the cabin of Mr. Wood, nearly a 
mile distant, through heavy timber. When about half way to 
my destination, at a point where it was so dark that one's 
hand could not be seen, suddenly a voice right over my head 
said: "Hoo, hoo-hoo. liooT I was almost glued to the spot, 
and was startled beyond my power of ex])ression. Recovering 
myself quickly, however, and realizing that the sound cnme 
from an owl in a tree a little ways above me, I went on to the 
home of Mr. Wood and made known my errand. In lesponse 
to my mother's request John went home with me carrying a 
rifle, whereat I rejoiced. Two days later father returned, and 
then he sought a place of safety for his family in a stocknde 
nearly four miles away. Between October, 185."). and March, 
1857, we lived in four different stockades or blockhouses. Then 
we returned to our home, and my father began anew the strug- 
gle to re-establish a home for his family, amid many discour- 
agements, as the results of the labor of the previous two years 
had been practically destroyed by the loss of stock and the 


crop of 1855. In this my mother bore an equal part, and never 
did I hear her utter a word of complaint or find any fault with 
her conditions. On the contrary, she always had a word of 
good cheer and smile for all, whatever the conditions. Under 
all circumstances she would look upon the bright side. No 
element of misfortune or discouragement ever confronted our 
family — and there were many occasions when almost insur- 
mountable obstacles appeared — which caused her for one mo- 
ment to depart in any degree from the line of conduct which 
she felt was her duty to follow. In this respect her case was 
not an isolated one. She was among many pioneer mothers, 
all of whom had similar experiences. To protect, defend and 
perpetuate the memory of these true and faithful women 
should be the duty as well as privilege of every one of their 


At 2:30 p. m., June 7th, the Association reconvened. 

The Secretary read the record of the last annual meeting. 
There being no objection to it, it was approved. 

The President presented the following address, which was 
read, received and ordered filed : 

We are assembled here today, my friends, in a new build- 
ing provided for us through the thoughtful kindness of a pio- 
neer woman. You know to whom I refer. Miss Sarah Loretta 
Denny, our benefactress, made it possible for us to have this 
home, and in so doing placed the Association in a position 
superior to that of any other group of Pioneers in the United 
States. We may well rejoice at our good fortune. We should 
also be grateful, and we are. While what we say may not 
concern the late Miss Denny, as she has gone on to the beau- 
tiful land over the river, yet it is fitting that we should ac- 
knowledge in appropriate manner the obligation she so un- 
expectedly and unostentatiously placed us under. By tablet 
and by written paper we have done this, but there is still an- 
other place where we can properly and publicly render a small 
measure of homage to her memory. The room where we now 
are, and which will undoubtedly be the main apartment of this 
building, should be given her name. Here year after year 
her friends, the Pioneers, will meet, and her name connected 
with this spot will be to them a pleasant reminder of one 
whose virtues they will never cease to recognize and extol. 

The past year has been to the Pioneers one of unexampled 
prosperity. Though there have been losses in our membership 
— serious and grievous ones, coming home to some of us in the 
closest possible manner — they have been more than made up 
to the Association by the gains, until in members we are nu- 
merically stronger than we were a year ago or ever before. 
During the past twelve months thirty-two of our members 
died. The accessions numbered seventy-five. The gain was 
forty-three. It is impossible to tell how many members the 
Association has, but the number is fully eight hundred, a con- 
siderable majority of whom are women. It is reasonable to 
suppose that under the favorable circumstances at present pre- 
vailing, and with a little effort on the part of the officers, that 
the membership rolls will continue to lengthen, and that in due 


time tli€\v will contain the names of fifteen hundred or two 
thousand persons. It is believed that it will be well at the 
present session to do away with the several membership quali- 
fications that we have, and to establish a. new one that will be 
common to all, based upon residence in the Territory of Wash- 
ington forty years or more prior to application for member- 
ship. This is recommended to you for favorable consideration. 
The time will come in our State when all persons who lived 
in Washington Territory will be regarded as Pioneers, just as 
in other States the Pioneer line has been drawn. That time, 
however, has not yet arrived, owing to the long-delayed admis- 
sion of W^ashington to Statehood. The forty-year sliding scale 
proposed will fully accomplish the idea and purpose, and after 
its adoption the qualification should never be extended or 

The prosperity before mentioned has included the finances 
of the Association, the revenues of the year far exceeding those 
of any other like period. In the latter part of 1909 the |20,000 
bequest of Sarah Loretta Denny became available, reduced, 
however, to |18,800 by the six per cent. State inheritance tax. 
Pending the use of this money for the purpose for which it 
was given, to wit, the building of a Pioneer Hall, it was dis- 
creetly placed at interest by Treasurer Calhoun, and thereby 
$580.10 added to the funds of the Association. From the 
wooden building that stood on our lot before was derived |235 
of rent money, and from membership dues $299 during the 
year. The income from all these sources aggregated |19,- 
984.10, an amount truly gratifying to report. The chief ex- 
penditures during the year have been in connection with the 
construction of the hall, the exact cost of which it is yet im- 
possible to state. Insurance, taxes, new furniture, the annual 
dinner, secretary's salary, stamps, etc., have called for several 
hundred dollars. There has been no extravagance, no waste, 
no loss. There is reason to believe that after all accounts are 
honestly settled, and all bills paid, there will remain in the 
treasury fully fifteen hundred dollars. 

There were three sjjecial meetings during the year. At one 
of these authority was given to the Trustees to build this 
house. A committee of ladies, headed by Miss M. L. Denny, 
was appointed to make suggestions as to the building, its fur- 
nishings, and so forth. This committee was active and effi- 
cient. To it was due the fireplace, the balconies, the station- 
ary seats, gas pipes, some room changes and other desirable 
things. The second meeting was in furtherance of the first, 
and the third meeting had sjiecial reference to a new rule for 
individual membership. These meetings were well attended, 
and a happy interest was manifested in their proceedings. 


The Association has been placed under obligations to a 
considerable number of people in quite a number of cases 
during the past year. To Mrs. Calhoun, Mrs. Bass and other 
ladies is due warm praise for the grand dinner they gave us 
last year. The same ladies have a similar work in hand for 
this year. It is not necessary for me to promise that it will 
be well done. The Seattle Chamber of Commerce has fur- 
nished us a convenient and pleasant meeting place a number 
of times, with warm welcome and without cost. In connec- 
tion with this Washington Pioneer Hall several gifts have been 
received. To Mrs. M. E. Shorey is due credit for the legend 
"Auld Lang Syne" above the fireplace; to Edgar Bryan, for 
the commemorative tablets on the front of the building, and 
to Gust Eckloff for the speaker's platform. Members and offi- 
cers have all vied in interest and zeal for the common good, a 
fact that augurs well for our future. 

The transactions of the Association, including historical 
addresses made to its members, should be printed, as they are 
in other States. In all the past years two such publications 
have been issued. There should be a third now, and hereafter 
they should come out annually. We can well be proud of the 
early history of our State, and should do what we can to give 
the world the benefit of its publicity. New York, Massachu- 
setts, Michigan and other States have published small librar- 
ies concerning the lives and doings of their first people, and 
there are no historical works more interesting than these, and 
none other so valuable. This Association should ask the State 
Legislature to do these things for Washington, and to show 
that it means what it says it should do these things for itself 
and its own immediate constituency. 

It is extremely gratifying to see that the Pioneers of the 
State are as a class the most respected of its citizens. It is a 
passport to favor to be known as a Pioneer. It heli»s in trade, 
in society, in politics. I suppose Seattle is a fair index of the 
sentiment to which T refer. Here five of the offices connected 
with which the honors and emoluments are among the greatest 
in the country are held by Pioneers, namely: C H. Hanford. 
U. S. District Judge: ^Mitchell Gilliam, State Superior Judge 
for King County; (Teorge F. Kussell, Postnmster; Scott Cal- 
houn, Corporation Counsel, and Edward L. Tei-ry. Tieasuier. 
Other pioneers are to be found elsewhere in jtlaces of ]»ul>lic 
trust. When the newspa])ers want to sny something ]»]easaiit 
of an old citizen they call him a pioneer, and that is usually 
regarded as a synonym for probity, integrity and worth. Tin- 
municipality takes pleasure in naming streets, jilaces, parks, 
plavgrounds and schoolhouses after pioneers. Among the 
large business structures are the Pioneer, the Maynard, the 


Butler, the Hinckley, the Collins, the Colman, the Leary and 
others. Adjacent towns are Yesler, Van Asselt, Foster and 
Renton. Some of the pioneers are yet prominent in business 
and their names are still used in connection with great enter- 
prises, as the Dexter Horton Bank, the Denny-Renton Clay & 
Coal Company and the Lowman & Hanford Stationery and 
Printing Company. It is good to know that many of the Pio- 
neers are in comfortable circumstances, having fine properties 
and incomes and able to help where help is needed throughout 
the community. That they do their share, and do it willingly, 
is known. It is also pleasant to record the good feeling that 
exists among the pioneers themselves. The contentions that 
were so fierce from thirty to sixty years ago are in the ceme- 
tery of oblivion and new ones no longer take their places. It 
makes no difference to us now what another pioneer's politics, 
religion, race or family are or may have been. He's one of us 
anyhow; he's all right, and we'll stand by him. lender such 
circumstances — with good feeling among ourselves, with the 
respect and regard of our neighbors, with warm hearts and 
helping hands all around us, with an honorable past and the 
best possible future before us — it is well indeed to be a pio- 
neer, and particularly a pioneer in Washington, the best State 
in the American Union. 

Secretary Bryan reported thirty-two deaths among the 
members during the past year, named, arrived on the Pacific 
Coast, died and aged as here stated: 

Susan Prosch, 1855, Aug. 1, 1909, 85 vears. 
William Godfrey, 1807, Aug. 4, 1909, 68 years. 
James M. Hayes, 1852, Oct. 14, 1909, 72 vears. 
Peter Edward Hyland, 1860, Nov. 29, 1909, 80 years. 
Thomas Hood, 1865, Nov. 29, 1909, 04 vears. 
Cordelia J. Hill, 1867, Dec. 26, 1909, 64 vears. 
Mrs. Eliza J. Meeker, 1852, Oct. 9, 1909, 76 vears. 
Hans Nelson, 1854, Nov. 11, 1909, 74 vears"! 
Benjamin F. Ruth, 1853, Jan. 3, 1910,^80 years. 
Kate Ruth, 1858, Sept. 21, 1909, 65 years. 
Nathaniel L. Rogers, 1860, Nov. 17, 'l909, 72 years. 
Leander S. Smith, 1864, Dec. 23, 1909, 64 vears. 
George N. Smith, 1852, Dec. 24, 1909, 77 vears. 
Elizabeth Smith, 1858, Nov. 10, 1909, 75 years. 
Eugene D. Smith, 1858, June 13, 1909, 72 vears. 
Elizabeth J. Ward, 1850, June 4, 1909, 59 years. 
Theodore O. Williams. 1849, Sept. 10, 1909i 82 years. 
Anna L. Woolery, 1874, Sept. 5, 1909, 57 years. 
Helen M. Prosch, 1849, Feb. 4, 1910, 61 years. 
Leonard Reinig, 1862, Feb. 9, 1910, 70 years. 


Royal T. Hawley, 1852, March 7, 1910, 82 years. 
Austin E. Young, 1853, Dec. 8, 1909. 
Andrew J. Baldwin, 1852, March 16, 1910, 8G years. 
John P. Judson, 1853, April 12, 1910, 69 years. 
Martha A. Stringham, April 17, 1910, 87 vears. 
Eliza A. Whitworth, 1853, April 21, 1910, 57 years 
Louisa M. Bogart, 1866, May 2, 1910, 75 years. 
Sylvanus C. Harris, 1861, May 3, 1910, 60 years. 
N. Jane Gibson, 1862, April 23, 1910, 71 years. 
John P. Hays, 1852, May 10, 1910, 77 years. 
Henrietta M. Haller, 1853, May 28, 1910, 85 years. 
^Samuel J. Bryant, April 9, 1910, 77 years. 

Treasurer Calhoun presented a report showing total re- 
ceipts for the year amounting to |20,087.13. This included a 
balance on hand at the beginning of the year of |193.03, while 
the balance on hand at the end of the year was $4,211.12. The 
report was approved by the Board of Trustees, and was re- 
ceived and ordered filed by the Association. 

Mrs. Mary L. Sinclair* presented to the Association the 
resolution following for consideration, approval and adoption : 

Whereas, That noble pioneer woman, Sarah Loretta Denny, 
of affectionate and loving memory, whose forethought and gen- 
erosity have made possible this beautiful and substantial build- 
ing, the construction of which was one of her most cherished 
desires, and whose fondest hopes and untiring efforts were for 
the uplifting and betterment of humanity, the loss of whom 
from our midst we yet mourn, and the recollection of whom 
we wish ever to remain clear, distinct and pleasant among the 
pioneers, their children and posterity; therefore, in token of 
our love and regard for her, our gratitude to her, and as a fit- 
ting additional memorial, be it 

Resolved by the Washington Pioneer Association, That this 
assembly room be called the Sarah Loretta Denny Hall, and 
that it be dedicated to her name accordingly. 

The preamble and resolution presented by Mrs. Siuchiir 

were received with favor and adopted as the sentiment of the 


*Mrs. Sinclair is the daughter of John N. Low and wife, who were 
among the original settlers at Alki Point in 1851. Of the twent.v-four 
adults and children there then eleven yet remain among the living, 
namely: Mrs. Mary A. (Boren) Denny, Mrs. Louisa (Boren) Denny, 
Carson D. Boren (these three being the adults), Mrs. Louisa Catherine 
(Denny) Frye, M. Lenora Denny, Holland H. Denny, Mrs. Olive (Bell) 
Stearns, Mrs. Virginia (Bell) Hall, Mrs. Mary (Low) Sinclair, Alonzo 
Low and Gertrude L. Boren (these eight being the children). 


Upon motion of Mr. C. B. Bagley it was further ordered 
that the Trustees be instructed and directed to suitably mark 
the room in bronze or other proper material with the name of 
the late Miss Denny. 

T. H. Cann, D. B. Ward, F. H. Whitworth, F. H. Winslow 
and W. M. Calhoun, the committee appointed at the special 
meeting of May 28th, presented the following, adopted at that 
meeting, for final action at this the regular session of the 
Association : 

All persons shall be eligible to membership in this Asso- 
ciation who were residents of the Territory of Washington 
forty years or more prior to their applications for member- 
ship, and no other. The pioneer period shall never be extended 
beyond November 11, 1889. 

The effect of its adoption as the law of the Association 
would be, declared the committeemen, to wipe out all present 
qualifications and to substitute for them this one. Its adop- 
tion, however, would not afl'ect the membership of any person 
at present in the organization. Hereafter there would be no 
favored individuals or class. All would come in on like terms. 
The matter was discussed quite fully, there being some little 
opposition, but when the vote came the amendment was adopted 
by a large majority. 

Judge Cann offered the following as a substitute for Article 
4 of the Bylaws : 

At the annual meeting provided for in Article 3 the offi- 
cers mentioned in the Articles of Agreement, as well as a 
Board of Trustees, shall be elected; also such other officers as 
may be provided by these Bylaws. The voting shall be by 
ballot, except in cases where there is no contest. Any person 
receiving a majority of the votes cast shall be declared elected 
to the office voted for, or the Trustee voted for. The terms of 
the officers and Trustees mentioned in the Articles of Agree- 
mnt shall be one year, beginning ten days after their election. 
Vacancies caused by death, resignation or failure to serve shall 
be filled by the lioard of Trustees. In addition to the officers 
mentioned in the Articles of Agreement a Vice President shall 
be elected at the annual meetings, who, in the absence of the 
President, shall perform the duties of the President and hold 
office in accordance with the terms of this bylaw. 


The changes to be made would be the provision for a ma- 
jority in elections; for a specific term of office; for the filling 
of vacancies, and for creation of the ofiice of ^'ice President. 
There was no objection to the new proposed bylaw, and it 
was adopted by vote of all. 

The correspondence following between the I'residents of 
the Washington and Oregon Pioneer Associations was read: 

From the Washington President, under date of May 30: 
*'0n behalf of the Washington Pioneer Association I write to 
invite you and all other Oregon Pioneers to join with us in our 
annual reunion on the 7th and 8th of June. At 10 a. m. the 
first day we will dedicate our new hall ; in the afternoon hav- 
ing our usual business session, and the following day having 
our social and feasting exercises and entertainment. You are 
invited for both days, and we will endeavor to make it pleas- 
ant for all who come. To us the Oregon Association is a 
model, and we want to sit at your feet and learn, that we may 
profit thereby. Come over and see us and help us, and come 
in numbers and strength. It will rejoice us to have you do 
so, and we all will be the better for your coming. The occasion 
with us will be a memorable one. and one that will interest 
Oregonians as well as Washingtonians. Come." 

From the Oregon President (Frederick V. Holmau), under 
date of June 1st: ''Mr. Himes has given me your letter of 
the 30th ultimo, inviting him and me and Oregon Pioneers to 
attend the annual meeting of the Washington Pioneer Asso- 
ciation on the Tth and 8th of this month. Mr. Himes informed 
me that he expects to be present. I fear that I shall not be 
able to attend, as I have some ini])ortant professional engage- 
ments and this meeting will be held in the week devoted to 
the Portland Rose Festival. I expect to make an exhibit of 
roses on the Tth, so it would be impossible to be present be- 
fore the 8th, but I fear I shall not be able to go to Seattle on 
that day. If I am able to attend I shall write yon. 1 regret 
you could not have found it convenient to have the meeting 
the following week. On behalf of the Oregon Pioneei- Associa- 
tion I wish to extend an invitation to yon as President of the 
Washington Pioneer Association and all its members to at- 
tend our annual meeting, which will be held at Portland, June 
22, 1910. For your kind invitation I thank you." 

Upon motion of Mrs. Flora Engle the correspondence was 
received and ordered filed in the office of the Secretary. 

Upon motion of Col. W. F. Prosser the invitation to attend 
the session of the Oregon Pioneers was ordered accepted, and 


upon further motion the President was instructed to appoint 
a delegate to officially represent the Washington Association 
on the occasion referred to. 

To the President, whose term of office was now expiring, 
was left, by motion of Major W. V. Rinehart, the preparation 
and publication of a report in pamphlet form of the proceed- 
ings of the Association, including addresses of the speakers 
and other proper matters. Upon suggestion of Judge Cann 
this was made to include the revised and amended bylaws. 

The time for the election of officers having arrived the fol- 
lowing-named members were nominated and chosen without 
opposition ; Frank H. Winslow, President ; Edwin Eells, Vice 
President; Edgar Bryan, Secretary; William M. Calhoun, 
Treasurer; T. H. Cann, George F. Frye, M. R. Maddocks, 
Leander Miller and William V. Rinehart, Trustees. 

The meeting was declared adjourned until tomorrow. 


At noon on the 8th the Pioneers assembled in the room on 
the second floor of the new building for the annual dinner. 
The arrangements were under the direction of a committee 
of ladies and were as nearly perfect as could be. They were 
assisted by young men and women who cheerfully volunteered 
their services as cofifee pourers, waiters and general helpers. 
Many people were out the second day who were not out the 
first, the social features attracting them, though never before 
was the first day's meeting so largely attended as this year. 
Some of the older members are so feeble as to require aid in 
getting about and one day is all they can stand. 

The Rev. Albert Atwood asked a blessing upon the meal 
before the company. When about half through the members 
arose in response to a request, and, lifting high, drank a toast 
"to the health, happiness and prosperity of the McGilvra and 
Denny families, through the bounty of whom we are here to- 
day." Upon conclusion of the dinner Col. Prosser moved and 
put to vote a resolution of thanks to the officers of the Asso- 
ciation and the ladies responsible for the admirable program 
being carried out, and for the dinner served, at the present 

Each year some of the older people, by reason of their in- 
firmities or otherwise, drop out, and thereafter are seen no 
more at these gatherings. In 1010 the oldest person present 
was Charles Prosch, 90 years of age in June. The next old- 
est was Martin Monohon, 90 in October. The third oldest man 
was Carson D. Boren, 86. The oldest woman in attendance 
was Mrs. Mary A. Denny, 88 years. She and her sister, Mrs. 
Louisa Denny, 82, and their brother, C. D. Boren, constituted 
a remarkable family group, of which there was none other 
like it in attendance. They are the only survivors of the adult 
settlers who located in or near Seattle in 1851. Of those who 
came first to Washington or Oregon Edwin Eells was the 


leader, he datinj;: back (by birth) to 1841. Mrs. Nancy (Hem- 
bree) Bogart, who crossed the plains in 1843, was next, and 
following her was Mrs. Amanda (Gaines) Kinehart of the 
immigration of 1845. Several were present who came in 1847, 
the oldest in years being Ronald C. Crawford, 83. In the 
Association are many members from 82 to 90 years of age, 
but, except those named, they did not attend the meeting un- 
der review. 

When the dinner was ended the members got together in 
the room below and the session was formally reopened, the 
exercises of the reunion concluding with speaking and sing- 
ing here reported : 

The PRESIDENT: A delegation of twelve members of 
the Pierce County Pioneer Association has come from Tacoma 
today, and has a communication to present to this body. The 
character of this communication I am unaware of, but I know 
the people and I am sure it will be right to receive it. Mr. 
A. J. Miller, President of the Association there, is invited to 
take a place upon the platform and to make such presenta- 
tion of the matter as he wishes. 

Mr. MILLER: We are here to see you, to greet you, to 
wish you well. We are your nearest neighbors, and among 
your best friends. It is good to be here. You have given us 
pleasant treatment. We hope to have you with us not once 
but many times hereafter. We will reciprocate your evidences 
of regard, your kindnesses, if you will but give us the oppor- 
tunity. Pioneers are good people and you are pioneers. We 
have with us, to further represent us on this occasion, Mrs. 
Weatherred, who will now address you on behalf of our Asso- 

not as a pioneer in its true meaning, but a daughter of Oregon 
pioneers and a member of the Pierce County Pioneer Society. 
When the Creator made this grand, glorious and beautiful 
Northwest He had no idea where the boundary lines were to 
be j)laced, so He lavishly bestowed the endless virtues which 
lap and interlap throughout Washington and Oregon. The 
pioneers of the two States have moved back and forth and 
married until they have close relationships on both sides of 
the Columbia. Pioneers have no boundary line jealousies — 
they are all neighbors in the true sense of the word. As I look 
over this vast audience of happy, smiling faces it seems that 
each and everv one must have been a belle or beau in the 


"(lavs of auld Lang- Svne,'' for I have never seen such a con- 
gregation of good-looking elderly people. It, indeed, is whole- 
some to hear the conversations of the dear old pioneers. They 
call one another by their first names, and I have even seen 
some one pointed ont as "an old sweetheart of mine" away 
back in the "early days." 

Too much cannot be done by the sons and daughters of 
pioneers to commemorate the memories of the builders of the 
great Xorthwest. Miss Denny's appropriation toward a build- 
ing for the Pioneer State Association is most commendable. 
She is worthy of much praise and one and all thoroughly aj)- 
preciate her gift. Every native son and daughter should strive 
to be more worthy of their pioneer parents. Let their hard- 
ships and endless trials ever be a guide-board for our own 
lives and make us strive to be better men and women, and in 
our characters erect a monument to their memories. Let us 
so live that the world can point with pride to the sons and 
daughters of the pioneers of the West. 

My friends, some of you probably have not heard of a 
''little town" on Puget Sound not very far from here called 
Tacoma. Well, there is such a place, and situated in Pierce 
county, a city of over one hundred thousand ])eo])le. That 
county has a good big Pioneer Association, and on the invi- 
tation of Mr. Thomas W. Prosch we are here today. We have 
enjoyed your companionship and your sumptuous dinner. Our 
hearts are with you, and it seems as if we were in a big family 

When planning for our visit we thought it would give us 
a little more pleasure if we could bi-ing some token of remem- 
brance — something that would belong to the State Association 
and be a part of this Pioneer building. Last January Mr. 
George H. Himes, Secretary of the Oregon Pioneer Associa- 
tion, visited the Pierce County Association and ])resented Mr. 
W. H. Gilstrap, Secretary of the Washington State Historical 
Society, a piece of the first cherry tree jilanted in the Oregon 
country. Mr. Gilstrap had also secured ])ieces of the first 
Legislative hall in Washington Tei-ritory, and brass mount- 
ing from the Beaver, the first steamer to visit Puget Sound. 
With this combination of historical relics Mr. Gilstrap had 
made a gavel for the Pierce County Pioneer Association to 
present to you today. The piece of old cherry tree takes me 
back to my'childhood days, for T have ])layed under its spread- 
ing branches and gathered from its boughs delicious fruit. A 
bit of the history of this gavel will ]>robnbIy be of interest.^ 

The head of this gavel is nmde from a limb of the first 
cherry tree that was planted in the "Old Oregon Country." 


The handle is made of a piece of fir, a part of the frame of 
the old Legislative hall in Olympia, where the first Legislature 
of the Territory of Washington convened on February 27, 1854. 
The frame of that building was made of sawed fir, and the 
siding and trimmings were made of cedar, and were riven out 
and dressed. The building was erected about the year 1852. 
It was a two-story building, as many of you will remember. 
The building was torn dow^n a little over one year ago. The 
State Historical Society had two facsimile models made. One 
was presented to the Thurston County Pioneer Society and 
the other is now with the historical collection in Tacoma. 

These bronzes, which are plated with gold and inscribed, 
were made from brass taken from the steamer Beaver. Cop- 
per and brass were usually employed for all fastenings. 

The steamer Beaver was built in Blackwall, a suburb of 
London, by Messrs. Green & Nigrams, in 1835. The boiler and 
machinery were placed by Bolton & Watt, which was the first 
firm that ever manufactured steam engines. Mr. Watt of this 
firm was a son of James Watt, who invented steam power. 
The Beaver's boiler and engines weighed 031/2 tons and cost 
over $22,000, or nearly ten times the weight and cost of en- 
gines of like power at the present day. The Beaver's dimen- 
sions were: Length, 101 1-3 feet; breadth inside of paddle 
boxes, 20 feet; and depth, lli/o feet. Her register was 109 
tons burden. She was armed with five guns, nine-pounders, 
and carried a crew of 26 men. 

It was on the 29th day of August, 1835, that the Beaver, 
amid the encouraging cheers from a throng of well-wishers, 
the waving of banners and the boom of artillery, glided down 
the Thames into the English Channel and thence out into the 
open, trackless sea. Thus from the shores of old England 
passed forever a steamer which, in after years, should become 
famous in the annals of the West. 

According to accounts published in the newspapers of that 
day it appears that the King, William IV., then on the throne, 
together with several members of the royal family, attended 
the launching, while a lady bearing the title of duchess per- 
formed the christening ceremony, and that 100,000 of the 
king's loyal subjects graced the occasion. 

There is a citizen living at Ferndale, in this State, who is 
about 95 years old and familiarly known as the famous "Blan- 
ket Bill," who was one of the number who witnessed this his- 
toric event. 

The Beaver's first landing was on the island of Juan Fer- 
nandez, or Robinson Crusoe Island, December 17, 1835 ; on 
April 4, 1836, she arrived at the old historic port of Astoria, 


at the mouth of the Columbia river, and in July. 1830. she 
steamed up the coast to the north end of Vancouver Island, 
then south to Fort Nisqually, where she made her home port 
during the forties and fifties, a part of the time making regu- 
lar runs from Fort Nisqually to Sitka. 

She played a very important part in all the early history 
of the Sound Country and this Northwest coast during the 
forties and fifties. Most all of the ])ioneers and famous men 
of early days rode on this famous vessel. She was the first 
steamer that crossed the Atlantic to America, and was the first 
to plow the Pacific. She was wrecked in Burrard Inlet, Van- 
couver, B. C, on July 26, 1888. The boiler was raised in Sep- 
tember, 1906, and brought to Tacoma by the Washington State 
Historical Society in 1909. The boiler stands 23 feet high. 

Time will not permit us to tell of the many historic inci- 
dents connected with this famous vessel and of the part it and 
its officials played in the establishing of towns, the discovery of 
gold and coal, in commerce, in Indian wars, in the San Juan 
troubles and the many other events of historical importance 
with which it was connected. 

It is the wish, dear friends, of the Pierce County Pioneers 
that the sound of this gavel will be the echo of our hearts, and 
that the golden cords of early days will strengthen and 
brighten as time goes on — that King and Pierce counties will 
join in closer relationships, and that boundary lines, politics 
or religion will disturb not our peaceful, friendly, happy con- 
dition, but that together we will join hands and work for rhe 
greatest good for two of the best counties in America. It is 
our hope" that when this gavel calls you together one year 
from now there will not be one face that is hei-e today missing 
from the roll call. 

The PRESIDENT: There is nothing to do after an act 
of this kind and a speech like that, delivered so beautifully 
and effectively, but to accept right off, without leaving the 
matter to vote or question. The gavel is ours. It is acceyited, 
and accepted in the same spirit as it is given— the si)irit of 
friendship, of brotherly and sisterly love, of good citi^enshi]). 
of all that makes life in the twentieth century worth living. 
The Association of Washington Pioneers thanks the Pierce 
County Association for this unex])ected but exceedingly gra- 
cious 'demonstration and presentation. From a personal 
standpoint I have much interest in this handsome implement. 
I have manv times been in the Legislative hall of 1854, and I 
have manv "times seen the Beaver during her days of service 
and prosperitv. :\Iy mother-in-law, Mrs. M. M. McCarver, of 
Tacoma, one of the best women that ever lived, accompanie<] 


this cheii'v tree across the continent in 1847. I not only have 
an interest in this gavel for the reasons stated, bnt coming the 
way it does, and from these people, I am proud indeed that 
its first use by your presiding oflScer has fallen to my lot. 

Mr. W. H. GILSTRAP, of Tacoma: On behalf of the 
Pierce County Pioneer Society we extend to you a cordial 
invitation to meet with the Thurston and Pierce County Pio- 
neer Societies at a basket picnic on the '^Wilkes Celebration 
Grounds'' at Lake Sequalitchew, where Commodore Wilkes 
and his men celebrated the Fourth of July in 1841, the first 
Fourth of July celebration held west of the Missouri river. 
A good pioneer program will be given. A grand time is an- 

The PRESIDENT: You have the invitation from the 
Pierce County Pioneer Association, presented by Mr. Gilstrap. 
What will you do with it? 

Mr. D. B. WARD: I move that it be accepted. 

From several : I second the motion. 

The PRESIDENT: It is moved and seconded that the in- 
vitation to our members to participate in the pioneer celebra- 
tion at Sequalitchew Lake, July 13th, be accepted. All favor- 
ing this motion will please sav aye. It is carried bv vote of 

A large and fine portrait of Abraham Lincoln, the pioneer 
of Illinois, the patriot and President, handsomely framed, was 
presented to the Association, with a well-worded letter of gift, 
by Hon. Joseph Shippen. Upon motion of Judge Jacobs, it was 
accepted, the picture ordered hung on the wall and the thanks 
of the Association tendered to the donor. 

Miss Cora Thorndike here sang a humorous song entitled 
''I Always Do as I'm Told"; later she sang "Down Upon the 
Suwanee River," both pieces in manner very pleasing to her 

The T»REST1)ENT: Three more numbers are on the enter- 
tainment })i'ogram for the afternoon. Yesterday you created 
the office of Vice President, and very fittingly" filled it with 
Mr. Edwin Eells of Tacoma. Mr. Eeils is present today and 
will formally and appropriately greet you from the platform 
in both his native tongues— English and Chinook. Mr. Sam- 
uel L. Oawford, a native son of Washington, and one of its 
best-known and most public-s])irited citizens, will also address 
you, followed by Mr. George H. Himes, the delegate from the 


Oregon Pioneer Association, who will tell vou of the organiza- 
tion he represents. These gentlemen will speak in the order 
named without further introduction, the exercises of the day 
and the session of the Association concluding with the re- 
marks of the last speaker. 

Mr. EELLS : It gives me intense pleasure to meet you 
here today under such favorable auspices, and to revivify with 
you the times of the past and call to mind the scenes of other 
days. In comparing our circumstances and experiences forty, 
fifty or sixty years ago with the present it seems very much 
as though we were living in another world. 

I was only made aware when coming on the boat this 
morning by reading the morning paper of the high honor you 
have conferred upon me by electing me the Vice President of 
your Association. I can truly say that my surprise was only 
equaled by my gratitude and appreciation of this distinction. 
It gives me peculiar pleasure, too, that you should not only 
have created the office for my benefit, but that you should also 
have gone across the water to a little town called Tacoma to 
select a man to fill the position. The rivalry that has existed 
to some extent during late years between competitive cities 
was not engendered by the pioneers. In the early days this 
country was all one. We were brothers, and unitedly pulled 
together for the development of the whole country ; and as we 
meet here together from year to year, coming from different 
parts of the State, we take mutual pleasure in noting the 
growth and development of its different sections, rather than 
the cultivation of any spirit of jealousy or ill will. 

As I look over this impressive audience, and see again the 
faces — many of them once so familiar — I am impressed with 
the feeling that it is made up of men and women of sterling 
character. The fact that this State is forging ahead so rap- 
idly and making such wonderful strides in develo]»ment and 
prosperity is due to some extent at least to the foundations 
laid by the pioneers. They were men and women of courage, 
enterprise, intelligence and patriotism, and the fact that we 
meet today for the first time in our own home, made possible 
l>y the generosity of our own members, is proof that some of 
them were successful. I heartily congratulate you, Mr. Presi- 
dent and officers of the Association, on the good use you have 
made of these munificent gifts, and the members of the Asso- 
ciation for the inheritance that has come to them. 

On occasions of this kind, when my feelings press upon me 
to say so much, I find it difficult to say all I wish to when 
compelled to use the King's English. Having been for thirty 
years intimately associated with the Indians, and constantly 


accustomed to use their language, it is a relief to me to use 
the lingo that is to me so familiar. If you will bear with me, 
I will use a little of it in closing. 

*Nika Tillikums: Nika delate closh tumtum nika nanitch 
mesika okoke sun. Nika delate closh tumtum nika mitlite 
copa mesika. Mesika lolo nika copa saghlie kah mesika pot- 
latch delate closh muckamuck, hiu muckamuck. Mesika ma- 
mook nika delate pahtl copa hiu closh muckamuck. Nika 
mahsie mesika copa okoke. Pe alki nesika conoway chaco 
yahkwa. Nesika conoway wawa conamox, closh wawa, pe me- 
sika mamook skookum tumtum copa closh. , Nesika cumtux 
conoway icta mesika mamook ankuttie. Okoke lala mesika 
conoway klahowyum, wake hiu chickamin, wake hiu ictas. 
Okoke lala nesika conoway mamook pe potlatch conamox. 
Spose mesika mamook house, klawata copa canim, copa coua- 
way icta mamook, mesika help tillikum. Cultus spose ko])et 
clams pe wapatoes nesika muckamuck nesika mamook sitkum 
copa klay howyum tillikums. Hias closh lala ahnkuttie. Me- 
sika chaco old alta. Conoway icta wake kahkwa ahnkuttie. 
Conoway icta delate huloima. Wake lala mesika chaco halo, 
kahkwa nika delate closh tumtum nika nanitch mesika okoke 
sun, copa okoke nesika closh house. Mr. McGilvra delate closh 
man. Miss Denny delate closh clootchman. Klaska mamook 
closh conoway nesika tumtum okoke sun. Nesika mahsie 
klaska. Spose wake hias lala nesika memaloos closh nesika 
conoway klatawa copa saghlie kah conoway closh tillikum 
mitlite alta. Closh kahkwa. 

Mr. CRAWFORD: I feel that Mr. Prosch, your worthy 
chairman, has taken a rather mean advantage of me in calling 
for a speech, knowing that I am wholly unprepared. Had he 
notified me yesterday that I was to be called upon I should 

*My Friends: I am very happy to see you here today. I am glad 
to be with you. You took me upstairs where there was plenty of very 
good food— a great deal of it. You filled me full of the good food. T 
thank you for that. Then we all came down here. We have all had a 
good talk together and feel very good. We all remember the old times 
we had together. We were then all poor, with very little money and 
not many things. We all helped each other then. If any one wanted 
to build a house or go anywhere in a canoe or do anything else, you 
always helped those who needed it. If we had only clams and potatoes 
to eat we divided with the poor ones. We were all kind to each other 
in those long ago times. We are all older now. Things are not as they 
used to be. Everything is very dilTerent. It will not be very long 
when we shall all pass away, so I am very glad to see you here today 
in our own home. Mr. McGilvra was a good man. Miss Denny was a 
good woman. They have made us all happy today. We thank them. 
If before very long we shall die it will be very good if we all go to the 
land where so many of our friends have gone. Goodbye. 


have been here today with a fine, Avell-thought-oiit, impromptu 

No one reveres the pioneers, or has a higher regard for 
their sacrifices and achievements than I have. I come from 
a family of pioneers. My great grandfather on my mother's 
side, Robert Moore, crossed the plains from Peoria, 111., arriv- 
ing in Willamette Valley in 1840, and my uncle, Captain Me- 
dorem Crawford, who was for a number of years President of 
the Oregon Pioneer Association, crossed the plains in 184:2. 
These men were both members of the little band that organ- 
ized the provisional government of Oregon in 1843, and Robert 
INIoore was the chairman of the Committee on Resolutions and 
drafted the organic act of that government. 

This beautiful gavel, which has just been presented to our 
organization by our good friends of Tacoma, is doubly appre- 
ciated by me, as the representative of the donors stated that 
the cherry tree from which the gavel was made was brought 
across the plains in 1847. That is the year my parents came 
to Oregon ; my father from New York and my mother from 
Illinois, and I am happy to say that they are both living and 
well. My father is present and a member of this audience of 
pioneers. My father was a lad of twenty and my mother a 
girl of ten when they arrived in Oregon. 

One of the great principles of the pioneers is that they 
know no State, county or party lines. This was all once the 
great Oregon country, which, at that time, embraced Oregon, 
Washington, Idaho and adjacent territory, and the pioneers 
have never learned, and I sincerely hope they never will learn, 
to draw petty, narrow, local lines. Some of the early settlers 
located in Idaho, some in Oregon and some in Washington. 
They were all people of noble aspirations and home builders of 
the best sort. They came not seeking gold, but seeking lands 
for their families, where they could build homes, towns, 
churches and schoolhouses. They were essentially a law- 
loving, law-abiding people, and the great States of Washing- 
ton, Oregon and Idaho owe much to the solid foundations 
laid by these early settlers along educational, religious and 
law-abiding lines. 

The little band of pioneers who landed on the shores of 
Puget Sound at Alki Point in 1851 were imbued with the same 
high ideals, and this new and beautiful hall that we are now 
in the first time was made possible through the generous bene- 
factions of two of the early pioneers — Miss Denny and John 
J. McGilvra. 

The first merchant at Alki Point was a member of this 
little band— Charles C. Terry. He opened the first store at 


AIki roiiu. liaviiij,^ previously purchased a small bill of goods 
in Tort land, which he shipped aronnd by sailing vessel, to 
siipi»ly the wants of the little community. I have in my pos- 
session the original account books kept by Mr, Terry at that 

Every member of that little band went to work imme- 
diatelv with ax and ])eevy preparing piling and timbers for 
the California market. Soon they discovered that they needed 
cattle to assist in this work, and Lee Terry went to the Hud- 
son Bay Comi)any's station at the mouth of the Nisqually 
river aiid ]»urchased a yoke of oxen, which he drove along the 
beach to Alki Point. 

1 am glad to see this organization growing in numbers as 
well as in interest. It is a splendid thing to have an organi- 
zation of this kind which calls together the ''old-timers" once 
a year to talk over the struggles, successes and pleasures of 
the past, and it is especially pleasing to me to see so many 
jtioneers of Pierce County here today. 

1 thank you one and all for the patience you have shown in 
listening to me, and am only sorry that I was not better pre- 
jiared to interest and entertain you. 

Mr. HIMES: I have been requested to give you some in- 
formation about the Oregon Pioneer Association. I will do 
so briefly. A meeting of pioneers to organize an association 
or society was held in Salem during the summer of 1868. Offi- 
cers were elected and jdaus for a reunion arranged, but for 
some unknown reason the effort failed. 

The second attempt to organize occurred five years later 
as a result of a growing desire on the part of a number of 
early immigrants for an association, the objects of which, as 
stated in Article IT. of the Constitution, ''should be to collect 
reminiscences relating to the ]»ioneers and early history of the 
Territory; to i>roni(»te social intercourse; to cultivate the life- 
enduring fri(Mi(lshii)s that had been formed while crossing the 
plains f>r as neighbors in the early settlements." After sev- 
eral j)reliminary meetings an organization was effected on 
October IS, 1873, at Rutteville, and the name— "Oregon Pio- 
neer A.ssociation" — adoy>ted. A constitution was also adopted. 
The article relating to the qualifications for membership was 
the following: 

"Article VIII. All immigrants, male and female, who re- 
side within the bounds of the original Territory of Oregon, un- 
der joint occupancy of the country by the T^riited States and 
<}reat Britain, and those who settled within said Territory 
prior to the first day of January, 1858, are eligible to become 
members of this As.sociation." 


The first annual reunion was held on November 11, 1873, 
that date being the sixteenth anniversary of the adoption of 
the State constitution, and five hundred persons were present, 
not all of them pioneers, however. 

The second reunion was held at Aurora, Clarion county, on 
June 16, 1874:, with an attendance of fifteen hundred persons. 
At that time June 15th was chosen as the permanent date for 
the annual reunions, to be henceforth known as "Pioneer Day." 
The reason for that selection was because that upon June 15, 
1840, the treaty was signed which settled the question of title 
to the "Oregon Country," as between Great Britain and the 
United States, in favor of the latter. 

The third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh reunions were 
held on the State Fair Grounds, Salem. At the last gather- 
ing, June 16, 1879, the limit of eligibility for membership was 
extended to January 1, 1855, on the ground that any person 
who had lived in Oregon for a quarter of a century should be 
recognized as a pioneer. 

On June 15, 1880, the reunion was held in Portland for the 
first time. The next year it was held at McMinnville. Then 
the limit of membership was advanced to include the year 

The reunions for 1882, 1883 and 1884 were held on the 
State Fair Grounds near Salem. Owing to some friction be- 
tween the authorities of the State Fair and the Board of Di- 
rectors in 1884 the latter body received an invitation from Ore- 
gon City and the reunions were held at that place for the next 
two years. The latter year (1886) I was elected Secretary 
when absent from the business meeting, and have served con- 
tinuously up to the present time. 

By invitation of many Portland pioneers, among them sev- 
eral leading business men, the reunion of 1887 was held in that 
city, and that has been the place of meeting ever since, with 
one exception, and that was in 1892, whn the reunion was held 
in Astoria on May 10, 11 and 12, in connection with the cele- 
bration of the one hundredth anniversary of the discovery of 
the Columbia river. 

At all reunions up to the time they began to be regularly 
held in Portland the program consisted of an annual address, 
an occasional address, preceded by a parade divided into sub- 
divisions, according to the years in which the pioneers came to 
Oregon, each subdivision being marked by a banner about two 
by three feet, upon which appeared the year of the arrival of 
the pioneers following it in conspicuous figures — 1836, 1837, 
1838, and so on. Following the addresses, music, etc., a picnic 
dinner was the rule. The afternoon was given over to short 


talks, soiiu'tiiiios nn address, recitation of a poem, or any other 
feature that would add interest to the occasion. In the even- 
ing; a huj;e tire was built in the open, if the weather was suit- 
able, and the elderly persons assembled around it and re- 
hearsed the "old, old, old, and yet ever new story of crossing 
the plains," until a late hour, and the young people, largely 
descendants of pioneers, engaged in "tripping the light fan- 
tastic toe" until the "we sma' hours ayont the twal." 

At the reunion on June 15, 1888, a motion was made to ad- 
vance the limit to 1859, but it was voted down. The motion 
was renewed from year to year and as often defeated, until 
June 15, 1894, when an amendment to the constitution ad- 
vancing the limit to 1859 w^as carried by the decisive vote of 
14;^ for to 85 against it. 

In Article XIV. of the constitution of the Association it is 
provided that it may be amended by a two-thirds vote at an 
annual meeting, a year's notice being given, except in the case 
of advancing the limit of membership, which shall require an 
unanimous vote. 

The motive of those who supported the motion to advance 
the limit of membership up to 1859, inclusive, including all 
who were born in Oregon and all residents of Oregon who came 
to any i>art of the Pacific Coast up to that year, was to carry 
out the wishes of the founders of the Association, it being their 
opinion, frequently exju-essed, that the year in which Oregon 
Territory was admitted to the Union as a State should end 
the pioneer era. 

As the 3'ears have gone by it has come to pass that the 
annual banquet has grown into an important function. For 
many years the chairman of the Woman's Auxiliary has been 
Mrs. Charlotte ^I. Cartwright, a pioneer of 1845, greatly in- 
terested in the work of making everything pleasant for the 
pioneers. P.eing possessed of good executive abilitv and un- 
usual tact in drawing to her aid faithful assistants,' the prep- 
aration and serving of the banquet has been performed with- 
out a hitch. Of late years an average of 1,000 meals have been 
served. In the armory where the ban<iuet is given twenty 
tables, each seating seventy persons, are prepared^ Each table 
is in charge of two pioneer women, or women connected with 
pioneer families, and each woman has the right to choose her 
own assistants, i)roviding they are descendants of pioneers. 
These women and their assistants set, decorate, wait upon and 
clean up their own tables after the bancpiet is over, leaving the 
washing of dishes to those who are hired for that i)urpose— 
all under the supervision of a table committee. In addition to 
this there are committees on bread and cake, meats, ice cream, 
milk, etc. A record is made each year of the number of dishes 


used and the amount of food of various kinds required, so that 
with each recurring year it is approximately known just what 
is necessary to secure. 

At the reunion of 1891 a "new departure" was inaugurated. 
Several days prior to the date of meeting, which that year was 
on June 16th, in conversation with one of our most enthusiastic 
pioneer ladies — Mrs. Anthony Noltner, a daughter of a pioneer 
family of 1845 — I suggested that, if it was possible, it would 
be a good idea to serve a collation, with hot coffee, at the close 
of the afternoon's exercises. Mrs. Noltner responded quickly 
by saying : '^It is possible ; I will see some of our pioneers at 
once, and I know we can make it a success." While Mrs. Xolt- 
ner and I were talking Mrs. Rose F. Burrell, a pioneer lady of 
18.53, always an eflScient worker in every good cause, came near. 
The object that Mrs. Noltner and I had been discussing was 
briefly outlined to Mrs. Burrell and it had her hearty approval. 
Not only that, but having a carriage, she invited Mrs. Noltner 
to accompany her and at once these ladies began a canvass for 
food and money, besides enlisting a number of other pioneer 
women in the proposed function, each of whom called to their 
aid pioneer daughters to assist in waiting on the tables. Plates 
were laid for about three hundred, and the occasion became one 
of much interest. Out of this experience, and with the women 
who assisted at this collation as charter members, has grown 
our "Pioneer Woman's Auxiliary," which has provided the an- 
nual banquet for nineteen years and is now preparing for the 

Perhaps a few figures would be interesting in order to give 
you an idea of the growth of our Association. 

The enrollment ^f or 1873 was 45; 1874, 145; 1875, 471; 187'» 
and 1877, not reported; 1878, 582; from 1879 to 1886, no re- 
port; 1887, 275; 1888, 171; 1889, 227; 1890, 206; 1891, no re- 
port; 1892, no report; 1893, 204; 1894, 171; 1895, 271; 1896, 
621 ; 1897, 543 ; 1898, 664 ; 1899, 797 ; 1900, 823 ; 1901, 936 ; 1902, 
908; 1903, 1,005; 1904, 1,016; 1905, 1,397; 1906, 1,219; 1907, 
1,235; 1908, 1,388; 1909, 1,288. 

The phenomenal increase from 271 members in 1895 to 621 
in 1896 was the direct result of an especial effort I made to se- 
cure as large an attendance as possible on account of that be- 
ing the fiftieth anniversary (the year 1896) of the signing of 
the treaty between the United States and Great Britain which 
settled tiie "Oregon Question." I secured the names of more 
than 500 then living who had been in the State more than fifty 
years. The high-water mark of membership was in 1905. the 
year of the Lewis and Clark Exposition. The average age of 
those who attended that year was 66 years, and in 1909 the 
average age of each person attending was 62 jears. 


The first people to come to what is now the State of Washington, 
with the intent to make permanent abode, were the fur traders, the 
men of the Northwest and Hudson Bay Companies. The two compa- 
nies were consolidated, after a long and fierce struggle in Canada, and 
for many years the Hudson Bay Company, which succeeded the other, 
was in exclusive occupancy of the field in the British and Oregon ter- 
ritories. Its operations on the North Pacific Coast had headquarters 
at Vancouver, on the Columbia river, with subordinate establishments 
at Colville, Spokane, Walla Walla, Cowlitz, Nisqually and elsewhere. 
Dr. John McLoughlin was in charge, assisted by James Douglas, com- 
monly known now, from honors later acquired, as Governor Douglas 
and Sir James Douglas; also by Peter Skeen Ogden, William Eraser 
Tolmie and many others who were prominent in the affairs of the 
country from forty to eighty years ago. These men were of the ut- 
most integrity, great ability, devoted to the corporation they repre- 
sented and the flag under which they were born, that of Great Britain. 

Others who came officially, as representatives of the United States, 
were Captains Lewis and Clark, the hundredth anniversary of whose 
coming is now being so magnificently celebrated in the neighboring 
city of Portland; Lieutenant Slacum and Captain Wilkes, both of the 
navy, and Lieutenant Fremont of the army; also Dr. Elijah White, 
Indian Agent. There were occasional American whalers and trading 
vessels along the coast, on Puget Sound and in the Columbia river, and 
Wyeth, Smith and Bonneville made their appearance with parties over- 
land. These, however, were affairs of short duration, mere visits or 
commercial efforts of transient character. They sustained and ad- 
vanced the claim of the United States to the country, however, and 
in that way nationally served a good purpose. 

After the fur gatherers in point of permanent residence came the 
missionaries. Whitman, Eells, Walker, Blanchet and others. While 
all honor is due them for their coming, their good works, their strug- 
gles and sufferings in behalf of what they deemed right and best, and 
their efforts to improve the savages about them, they were of a class 
to themselves, and somewhat removed from the men who arrived later 
and made the Territory of Washington. 

The first of these men were of the overland immigration of 1844, 
the most conspicuous figure among them being Michael T. Simmons. 
Simmons was a Kentuckian, tall, commanding, learned in the ways of 
men, but not of schools. Others with him were James McAllister, 
Samuel B. Crockett, Jesse Ferguson, David Kindred, Gabriel Jones and 
George W. Bush, all but Crockett and Ferguson with families. On 
arriving at Fort Vancouver they did as everybody else did— inquired 
of McLoughlin and Douglas as to the country, the prospects, opportuni- 
ties, and for advice. The representatives of the great company freely 
and frankly told them all they wanted, to-wit: That the Americans 
generally were locating south of the Columbia river, not one so far 

"An nddrew delivered to the .Association of Washin:;ton Pioneers June 21st, 1905, '.rr 
Thomas \\ . Preach. 


being north; that the Willamette was the largest valley north of Mex- 
ico, and was then in a condition of rapid commercial development; 
that the soil and climate there were good, the chances for trade excel- 
lent, the onlj- schools in the country there, and that in every way they 
believed it to be preferable for those from the States there to settle. 

As a matter of fact this information was true and this advice 
good; but also it was just as much a matter of fact that these Britons 
did not want American settlers north of the Columbia, which their 
government was then endeavoring to establish as the international 
boundary line, and which effort would be weakened, if not defeated, 
by a large number of citizens of the United States making their homes 
in that part of Oregon; and further, these Hudson Bay Company men 
knew that the interests and business they represented would be hurt 
by the presence throughout the country of such strong, free, independ- 
ent men as they were then addressing. It was better, they thought, 
and tried to show, to keep the peoples of the two nations apart, with 
a broad river between. The statements and arguments thus presented 
had always before been effective, but in this case they worked some- 
what contrarily. They had the effect of arousing suspicions in the 
minds of their hearers, who thereupon determined they would see for 
themselves what it looked like on Puget Sound. They were strength- 
ened in this resolution by another cause. The Oregon Provisional Gov- 
ernment had enacted stringent laws against blacks and mulattoes. 
They were not allowed to remain in the country, and for evading or 
defying the law were to be punished. George W. Bush was a mulatto, 
with a white wife. He was possessed of more means than any of his 
party and had been very generous in helping the other immigrants. 
In turn they were grateful to him, and they were going to stand by 
him through thick and thin. As he could not legally remain within 
the jurisdiction of Oregon, he concluded to stay in that part in doubt, 
just outside, and that seemed to be under another flag. The others 
stayed by him, the whole party remaining for nearly a year on the 
north side of the Columbia, near the Hudson Bay fort. Simmons early 
in the winter made a canoe trip up the Cowlitz river, and the next 
summer made another trip with several companions to Puget Sound 
and down the Sound to Whidby Island. Upon returning, he induced 
Bush, McAllister, Crockett and the others to pack up and start for 
new homes on the Sound. The trip was a hard one, as they had to 
make the road as they went. They found John R. Jackson, an English- 
man, then locating on the way, and they met Lieutenants Warre and 
Vavasour, of the Royal Engineers, spying out the land for the govern- 
ment of Great Britain. They were not deterred by anything, however, 
and soon had settled themselves at or near the headwaters of Puget 
Sound. There Simmons began a town called then Newmarket, but now 
Tumwater. Bush took a claim on a nearby prairie, which has since 
gone by his name. It will not be out of the way to here say that the 
provisional legislature of Oregon removed Bush's civil disability, and 
that Congress by special law gave him 640 acres of land. 

These men soon made the country known. It was no longer a 
closed book. Ford, Sylvester, Rabbeson, Wallace, Barnes, Smith, 
Crosby, Chambers, Ebey, Lansdale, Collins, Maynard and many more 
were soon on the ground. The Oregon Legislature reached over and 
took them in. County after county was created north of the river, 
and the handful of men of 1845 increased to a thousand in number 
by 1851. With this increase came strength and confidence. The bur- 
den of sustaining a government in a region where the distances were 
so great and the costs of travel in time and money so large became 
daily more apparent. Some jealousy and local feeling were also dis- 


played. The river was a distinct line of demarkation. Northern 
Oregon was a term that came into use for that portion on one side 
of the river, on the other side being Oregon. On that side they were 
in the majority, and though there is no reason for supposing that 
they made improper use of their power, the fact that they might do 
so was a little galling, as also the knowledge that in territorial mat- 
ters the northern section was not likely to get any substantial good 
that was wanted in the southern. As a consequence agitation began 
in favor of a separate territorial organization. 

July 4, 1851, one feature of the celebration of the national holi- 
day at Olympia was an address by John B. Chapman, who touched a 
popular chord by a happy reference to "the future State of Columbia." 
His hearers were so affected that an adjourned meeting was held, at 
which Clanrick Crosby presided and A. M. Poe served as secretary. 
From this meeting went out a call for a convention at Cowlitz on the 
29th of August, to be composed of representatives from all of the 
election precincts north of the Columbia, as was stated, "to take into 
careful consideration the present peculiar position of the northern 
portion of the territory, its wants, the best method of supplying these 
wants, and the propriety of an early appeal to Congress for a division 
of the territory." 

Attending a convention in those days was a matter of much diffi- 
culty. There was a general lack of means of communication — steam- 
boats, mails, roads, newspapers. The settlements extended north to 
Steilacoom, a few persons, in addition, dwelling on Whidby Island. 
There were military posts at Vancouver and Steilacoom; Hudson Bay 
posts at the same places and a farm in Cowlitz valley; Catholic mis- 
sions at Vancouver, Cowlitz and Olympia, the beginnings of towns 
at Steilacoom, Olympia, Tumwater and Vancouver, with farms dot- 
ting the country in the vicinity of these places and along the trav- 
eled highways. It took a day then to go as far as one can go now 
in an hour, and it meant travel in canoe, on foot and occasionally by 
horse. It meant, too, the lack of public accommodations along the 
line, with the common feeling that the traveler was one of many 
who necessarily were imposing upon those living by the way. It 
meant nights on the beach and nights in the woods, hunger, exhaus- 
tion and possibly sickness. The pecuniary expense was serious, too, 
as money then was a scarce article and the settlers were poor. Under 
the circumstances it was astonishing when the day arrived to find 
so many citizens at Cowlitz. Those participating were: Thomas M. 
Chambers, Seth Catlin, Jonathan Burbee, Robert Huntress, Edward D. 
Warbass, John R. Jackson, William L. Fraser, Simon Plomondon, S. 
S. Saunders, A. B. Dillenbaugh. Marcel Bernier, Sidney S. Ford, James 
Cochran, Joseph Borst, Michael T. Simmons, Clanrick Crosby, Joseph 
Broshears, Andrew J. Simmons, A. M. Poe, David S. Maynard, Daniel 
F. Brownfield, John Bradley, J. B. Chapman, H. C. Wilson, John 
Edgar and Francis S. Balch. Seth Catlin, known to his admiring friends 
as "the Sage of Monticello," was president, and A. M. Poe and F. S. 
Balch, secretaries. Two days the convention lasted. Committees were 
appointed on Territorial Government, Districts and Counties, Rights 
and Privileges of Citizens, Internal Improvements and Ways and Means. 

The committee on Territorial Government reported in favor of 
the creation and organization of a Territory north of the Columbia 
river, and the delegate from Oregon was requested to do all that he 
could to secure action from Congress of the character Indicated. John 
B. Chapman, Michael T. Simmons and Francis S. Balch were ap- 
pointed a committee to prepare a memorial upon the subject and 
push the project to a successful termination. 


The committee on counties recommended the creation of four new 
counties. For one the name of Simmons was urged, and for another 
the name of Steilacoom. The legislature granted the request in the 
case of one county only. It was about to create Simmons county, but 
M. T. Simmons, who was to be so honored, protested, and the name 
was changed to Thurston. When Chapman saw that Steilacoom county 
would not be established, but that instead his town of Steilacoom 
would be included in Thurston county, he tried to have Steilacoom 
made the county seat, but Simmons was too strong for him, and it 
was located at Olympia instead. A year later — December, 1852 — 
Pierce county was created, and Steilacoom became a county seat, 
much to Chapman's gratification. 

Dr. Maynard went further at the Cowlitz convention than was at 
first contemplated. He proposed a resolution that when the conven- 
tion adjourned it be to meet again in May, 1852, for the purpose of 
forming a constitution preparatory to asking admission into the union 
as one of the States. His resolution was adopted by unanimous vote. 
This was a remarkable proposition in many respects. At the time the 
territory affected was part of a region from which it could not alienate 
itself, and the other part was in population at least eight times the 
greater. At the rate the inhabitants were increasing there would have 
been fifteen hundred or two thousand people in the new State at ad- 
mission if admission were not delayed beyond the evident anticipa- 
tions of the convention members. When the Territory was finally ad- 
mitted in 1889 the people numbered 300,000, and Oklahoma is kept in 
territorial condition today with 600,000 inhabitants. It may be that 
upon sober second thought the people saw the impossibility, the utter 
futility, if not absurdity, of the idea, for the May convention suggested 
was not held, and for a short time the matter even of a Territory seems 
to have been suspended. 

It was a short time only, however. On the Fourth of July, 1S52. 
Daniel R. Bigelow delivered a patriotic address at Olympia, in which 
he once more presented the subject to an appreciative and sympathetic 
audience. In September the first newspaper north of "the River of 
the West" made its appearance at Olympia. It at once began to ad- 
vocate the Territory of Columbia. So confident were the publishers 
of the creation of the Territory, and of the bestowal upon it of that 
name, that they called their paper the Columbian. It was well con- 
ducted and ably edited, and influential. A term of the district court 
was held at John R. Jackson's on the 26th and 27th of October, at 
which time the matter was discussed by those in attendance. As a 
result a call went out for another convention to be held at Montlcello, 
Novemoer 25, 1852, when questions similar to those previously dis- 
cussed at Cowlitz would be considered. 

The most ardent advocates of a new Territory were the people 
living further north, particularly Puget Sound. It was recognized that 
those living on and near the north bank of the Columbia had less rea- 
son for separation from those on the south bank than others more 
remote had. It would not be unlikely in fact that in the new Terri- 
tory they would be further from the capital and the center of popula- 
tion than thev were under the conditions prevailing. It was doter- 
mined to placate these people as far as possible, and with this Idea 
in view the convention called for at the Jackson meeting was located 
at Monticello. Monticello was a small place that for twenty years had 
prominence as a transfer point on the route between Puget Sound 
and Portland. The building of the Northern Pacific Railroad and the 
town of Kalama killed it in the early 70's. 

The convention met as called. An inspection of the list or dele- 


gates developed the fact that the area represented in the Cowlitz meet- 
ing the year before had grown in settlements and population, and that 
at least one place had since sprung into existence that was inhabited 
by men of ambition, enterprise and public spirit. Though far to the 
north, it had sent eight of the forty-four delegates present. This new 
place was called Seattle. One of the eight was George N. McConaha, 
who was made president, and another, R. J. White, was made secre- 
tary. Another new place, still further north, was also represented — 
Port Townsend. The full membership was composed of the following 
named men: George N. McConaha, R. J. White, William N. Bell, 
Luther M. Collins, Arthur A. Denny, Charles C. Terry, David S. May- 
nard, John N. Low, C. S. Hathaway, A. Cook, N. Stone, Calvin H. Hale, 
Edward J. Allen, John R. Jackson, Fred A. Clarke, A. Wylie, Andrew 
J. Simmons, Michael T. Simmons, Loren B. Hastings, B. C. Armstrong, 
Sidney S. Ford, W. A. L. McCorkle, N. Ostrander, B. L. Ferrick, Henry 
Miles, Quincy A. Brooks, E. H. Winslow, G. B. Roberts, L. A. Davis, 
S. D. Ruddell, A. B. Dillenbaugh, William Plumb, Seth Catlin, Simon 
Plomondon, G. Drew, H. A. Goldsborough, H. C. Wilson, J. Fowler, 
H. D. Huntington, A. Crawford, C. F. Porter, Simpson P. Moses, A. F. 
Scott and P. W. Crawford. 

A memorial was adopted asking of Congress creation of the Ter- 
ritory of Columbia, the southern and eastern boundary suggested be- 
ing the Columbia river, the northern and western being the 49th par- 
allel and the Pacific ocean, about 32,000 square miles from the 340,000 
square miles then said to be Oregon. Reasons were given why this 
should be done, and the memorial, signed by all, was sent to Wash- 
ington City. The Oregon Legislature, soon after in session, adopted 
a memorial of similar purport, and Joseph Lane, then Delegate in 
Congress, did what he could to accomplish the desired end. The bill 
was amended so as to make the new Territory include a much greater 
area, and the name was changed from Columbia to Washington. It 
passed in March and was approved by President Fillmore. 

Franklin Pierce became President immediately afterward, and he 
appointed the first officers. They were: Isaac Ingalls Stevens, Gav- 
ernor and Superintendent of Indian Affairs; Charles H. Mason, Secre- 
tary; J. Patton Anderson, Marshal; John S. Clendenin, Attorney; Ed- 
ward Lander, Victor Monroe and Obadiah B. McFadden, Justices of 
the District and Supreme Courts. Owing to the fact that to him had 
been assigned the additional task of examining the country between 
the upper Mississippi river and Puget Sound, for the purpose of as- 
certaining the practicability of a northern railroad route to the Pa- 
cific, Governor Stevens was delayed several months in arriving in 
the new Territory. When he reached the western slope of the Rocky 
mountains he formally proclaimed the Territory of Washington, and 
upon arrival at Olympia issued another proclamation, establishing ju- 
dicial and election precincts, and ordering the first election; also di- 
recting the legislators elected to meet at Olympia, February 27th fol- 
lowing. A Delegate to Congress was to be elected at the same time. 
This important event occurred on the 30th of January, 1854. There 
were twenty polling places, or precincts, in the eight counties; Bel- 
lingham then being in Island county, Aberdeen in Thurston county, and 
Walla Walla in Clark county. At the election the nine men here 
named were chosen for the legislative council: D. F. Bradford, Wil- 
liam H. Tappan, Seth Catlin, Henry Miles, D. R. Bigelow, B. F. Yan- 
tis, Lafayette Balch, George N. McConaha and W. T. Sayward; and 
the following named eighteen for the House of Representatives: 
Francis A. Chenoweth, Henry R. Crosbie, Andrew J. Bolon, John D. 
Biles, A. Lee Lewis, Samuel D. Howe, Daniel F. Brownfield, Arthur 


A. Denny, H. D. Huntington, John R. Jackson, Jehu Scudder, John 
M. Chapman, Henry C. Mosely, Levant F. Thompson, Leonard D. Dur- 
gin, Calvin H. Hale, David Shelton and Ira Ward. A strange fatality 
was connected with one legislative district— Pacific county. Its only 
member, Jehu Scudder, died about the time the session began: HfiwV 
Fiester was elected to succeed him, but died before taking office; 
James C. Strong was then elected, and qualified a few days before 
the session ended. The man who was first nominated for this legisla- 
tive seat, and who would certainly have been elected, as there was no 
opposing candidate, died also before the day of election, and Scudder 
was put on the ticket in his stead. This was practically three deaths 
in one office in three months, none of the three men getting near 
enough to it to be sworn in. George N. McConaha was President of 
the Council and F. A. Chenoweth Speaker of the House. B. F. Ken- 
dall was Chief Clerk of the House, and Morris H. Frost Chief Clerk 
of the Council for a few days, ne being succeeded by Elwood Evans. 
The Legislature elected J. W. Wiley, Public Printer: William Cock, 
Treasurer; Benjamin F. Kendall, Librarian; Daniel R. Bigelow, Au- 
ditor, and Francis A. Chenoweth, Frank Clark and Daniel R. Bige- 
low Prosecuting Attorneys of the three judicial districts. With a full 
corps of U. S. appointees; with a congressional Delegate, Columbia 
Lancaster; with a law-making power in session, and with territorial 
officers as stated, Washington was fairly launched upon the sea of 
time, fully equipped and thoroughly provided for the long and pros- 
perous voyage before it. 

It is not going too far to say that no State of the American union 
was more favored in its pioneer citizens than our own. The men 
whose names are recited in this narrative were fair illustrations of 
the body of the people of Oregon and Washington. The past tense in 
this statement is used advisedly, for with perhaps half a dozen excep- 
tions all are now gone to that other land, and that blessed reward 
which their good works here on earth entitled them to. These men 
were large of brain, large of heart, strong, courageous, public-spirited. 
They probably did not realize how well they were building; but it was 
their nature to do well, their training, their fixed habit. We of the 
second generation are the gainers thereby, and with us the whole 
world. These men would have distinguished themselves in any com- 
munity within our national borders. In honoring their memories we 
honor ourselves, honor our State, and honor those who come after us 
for all time. The names of McLoughlin, Whitman, Eells. Simmons. 
Bush, Evans, Stevens, McFadden, Denny. Warbass, Bigelow, Shaw, 
Brooks, Lander and the others are inseparably connected with one oi 
the best chapters of the world's history, a chapter of peace, plenty and 
progress— the chapter that includes our own Territory and State of