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Winter 2 002 



Meet thd IBOT 

Dean Kamen's other big idea 

levels the playing field for the disabled 

Breaking Away 

Runner Christine Clifton is going the distance 

Power Shift 

How researchers at 

WPI are helping put the future of energy in your hands 

September 1 1 

How this day of infamy affected WPI alumni 

In the Spotligl 

Lighting 40 candles f 

Profiles in Giving 

On Stewardship 

The desire to share, systematically and proportionately, one's 
time, talents and material possessions with one's community, 
worthy charitable causes — and one's alma mater: for many, 
this is the essence of stewardship. It is also the driving senti- 
ment behind the philanthropy of Joan and David Szkutak, 
both membets of rhe Class of 1979. They are active as volun- 
teers for WPI and for the United Way in the community 
where they live and in the town where they recently built a 
second home. They feel fortunate to be able to make signifi- 
cant gifts to the institutions that are important to them. 
"We feel that giving back in this way is an obligation." 

Joan and David Szkutak '79 

Homes: West Chester, Ohio; Bar Harbor, Maine 

Gift Arrangement: Appreciated Securities 

On Gift Planning at WPI 

Joan and David say WPI was a critical enabler in their 
careers. "The unique education we received at WPI really 
made a difference," David notes. Scholarships from WPI 
made it possible for both of them to attend the university, 
so they chose to give other students the same opportunity 
by making a commitment to the Class of 1979 Reunion 
Gift through a President's Advisory Council Scholarship. 
"By making a gift of appreciated securities, we were able to 
leverage the tax advantages and make a bigger gift. It allowed 
us to be more ambitious and generous. We funded our gift 
with stock we've been accumulating for a long time. It had 
a cost basis of $1,000; our gift and our charitable tax deduc- 
tion was based on its current value of $5,000. With a low 
cost-basis comes a high capital gains tax, so it's the best asset 
to contribute. Our personal assets will continue to accumu- 
late and grow. Whatever we do with our personal wealth, 
WPI will be factored in." 

i sj; 

If you would like to join the Szkufaks and the hundreds of others who are enjoying the many benefits of planned giving 
at WPI, please contact the WPI Office of Planned Giving at 1 -888-WPI-GIFT or via e-mail at 

Starting Point 


On behalf of the many people whose talents and hard work 
are reflected in the pages that follow, I am happy to present to 
you the first issue of Transformations: A Journal of People 
and Change. Though it has a new name (more on that later), 
this quarterly periodical continues the 106-year heritage of the 
WPI Journal, the university's first alumni magazine. The 
Journal, augmented for the past 15 years by the news tabloid 
The Wire, has played a critical role in strengthening the ties 
that connect this university with its many alumni and friends. 
Transformations will assume that role. 

Like the Journal and The Wire, Transformations will 
serve as both the official chronicle and the family album for 
the WPI community, keeping readers up to date on the latest 
developments on campus and giving alumni a forum for shar- 
ing their own news, views and milestones. It will also be a 
regular showcase for WPI, helping those within and beyond 
the WPI family appreciate what makes this institution and its 
people distinctive and noteworthy. 

This new publication is the product of more than a year 
of research, planning and creative effort. Given the many 
important jobs that WPI's alumni publications are asked to 
do, the university decided to take the time to critically evaluate 
those publications to see how well they were meeting the needs 
and addressing the interests of today's readers. We also took the 
time to review the kinds of publications our readers turn to for 
information, and to see what we could learn from some of the 
best examples of university and consumer magazine publishing. 

From that review came the resolve to create a new publica- 
tion, one that retained the qualities that endeared the Journal 
and the The Wire to readers, but augmented them with new 
features and a new, more contemporary and reader-friendly 
design. In short, we set out to create a magazine at the cutting 
edge of publishing, just as WPI and its people have always been 
at the cutting edge of science and technology. We've given this 
new publication a multipart mission. First, we want to make 
sure that as you peruse each issue, you discover what a remark- 
able place WPI is. We want you to be proud of your alma 

mater — proud enough to tell your friends, neighbors and col- 
leagues all about us. 

Second, we want you to feel that each issue of Transfor- 
mations is just the beginning of a conversation. We hope that 
what you read and see in these pages prompts you to talk 
back — to tell us what you think about the information we've 
sent you, about what you'd like to receive more (or less) of, 
about what's on your mind, and about what's happening in your 
life. Write us, e-mail us or visit us on the Web, where you can 
chat with our staff and your fellow readers in the brand new 
Alumni Cafe. 

Third, we want this publication to reflect what is truly 
unique about WPI. We call this new magazine Transformations 
because we believe that word captures better than any other 
what distinguishes this university from all others. In fact, the 
idea of transformation is at the core of WPI's mission. 

Through its innovative approach to teaching and learning, 
WPI transforms young men and women into productive, 
socially aware professionals exquisitely well prepared to apply 
their knowledge and skills to make a difference even before 
they graduate. Through their scholarship and research, WPI 
faculty members are transforming our planet and our under- 
standing of it. And through their achievements, and with 
their imagination, their creativity, their knowledge and their 
irrepressible desire to make things better, WPI alumni are 
helping transform the world around them in positive ways. 

In the pages of this new magazine, we will tell the stories 
of those transformations and the people behind them. And, we 
will paint a colorful, dynamic and informative portrait of the 
innovative university where those stories begin. 

With that, I wish you happy reading. 

Michael W. Dorsey 


March 9 Alumni Leadership Council Meeting 

March 18-22 Second International Corporate/Academic Roundtable 

on Emerging Technologies; Topic: Molecular Engineering 

April 10 WPI Traditions Day 

April 1 6 Project Presentation Day 

May 1 8 Commencement 

May 21 New England-Africa Business Conference 

June 6-9 Reunion 

June 16-21 Seventh International Symposium on Fire Safety Science 

All events take place on the WPI campus. 




12 Leveling the Playing Field 

A sophisticated personal transportation system that can balance like 
a human being? No, it's not IT, it's the IBOT, another brainchild of 
inventor Dean Kamen '73. By Joan Killough-Miller 

16 Hitting Her Stride 

Five short years ago, Christine Clifton '94 could hardly finish a 
marathon. Today, she is one of the best long-distance runners in 
the world. By Joan Killough-Miller 

20 Clearing the Air 

When Gregory Wirzbicki '68 wrote a patent application for 
cleaner-burning gasoline, he didn't know he'd set off a historic 
battle over intellectual property. By Michael W. Dorsey 

Volume 102, No. 1, Winter 2002 

24 Thinkinq Small 

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revolution that will transform the way electricity is generated and 
delivered. By Laurance S. Morrison and Michael W. Dorsey 

29 Recharged 

Robert Stempel '55 left his post as chairman of General Motors 
intent on helping make electric vehicles a reality. In a new career, 
he's doing that and more. By Laurance S. Morrison 

42 September 11, 2001 

The terrorist attacks touched many WPI alumni in many ways. 
They were also the impetus for a moving e-mail dialog between 
alumni and their alma mater. By Joan Killough-Miller 

I On the cover: photo illustration by Patrick O'Connor and Steven Pascal. Special thanks 
to Timothy R. Rougnon '82, vice president, Mass Electric Compony (Notional Grid). 

iverse views presented in this magazine do not necessarily reflect the opinions of .. 
WPI policies. We welcome letters to the editor. Address correspondence to Editor, TransL. . 
100 Institute Road, Worcester, AAA 01609-2280. Phone: 508-831 -5609; fax: 508-831 -5820; e-mail:; Web: Periodicals postage paid at Worcester, 
Mass., and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: please send address changes to address above. 
Entire contents © 2002, Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 



Campus Buzz 4/6 
A Few Words 5 
Inside WPI 7 
Investigations 8/9 
The Big Picture 1 
Explorations 1 1 
Class Notes 32 
Time Machine 48 

n the Web Transformations 

The online edition of the Winter 2002 Transformations has a host of features and links related to the stories 
in this issue. Read a profile of Michael Sokal, recently elected History of Science president. Find out how a 
disabled writer thinks Dean Kamen's IBOT could change her life. Learn about a new fuel cell being developed 
by Energy Conversion Devices, the company that Robert Stempel now chairs, that might be ideal for use in 
vehicles. You'll also find a preview of the Spring 2002 issue. While you're online, send us your news, 
write a letter to the editor, or chat with fellow readers in the Transformations forum of the new Alumni Cafe. 

formations I Wi n t 

Scenes from a candlelight 
vigil at Reunion Plaza on 

WPI Gets Kudos 
for Networking 

WPI received honorable 
mention for its strategically 
coordinated and integrated 
network environment at the 
Oct. 30 annual conference 
of EDUCAUSE. A pre- 
eminent association repre- 
senting more than 1 ,800 colleges, 
universities and education organ- 
izations, EDUCAUSE addresses 
the complex issues attending the 
incorporation of information 
technology into higher education. 
The award cites WPI's success in 
consolidating its core information 
and technology functions into the 
Information Technology Division. 
Over the last two years, well- 
orchestrated technological advances, 
including infrastructure upgrades, 
wireless access, media-streaming 
capabilities and digital conversion 
facilities, have improved teaching, 
learning and research across WPI. 
"Our shared vision has been to 
unite the power of knowledge with 
the flexibility of technology to 
connect faculty, staff, students and 
content — anytime, anyplace," 
says Thomas Lynch, vice president 
for information technology. 



A National Tragedy; A Local Response 

Nothing could have prepared the WPI community for the 
news that flashed across campus on the morning of Tues 
Sept. 1 1 . In seconds, the quiet business of a late summit 

day exploded into anguish, pain and worry. 


The shock was intense and mind-numbing. But somehow t 
campus quickly responded. TVs were set up across campu 
broadcasting news updates. The Counseling and Student 
Development Center mobilized to offer solace and support f 
those closely affected by the tragedy and those finding it hard 

a world turned upside down. The university sen 
■ ■uuic. io their families and cancelled classes that first day, U mu m 
events scheduled for subsequent days and weeks were cancelled 
or postponed, as were the travel plans of faculty and staff. 


I >. 


nus I Winter 2002 

Work and study began again the following day. While striving to 
return to a routine, the WPI community also reached out to help 
meet the needs of those affected by the tragedy. Many rushed to 
local blood donation centers — some standing in line for many 
hours to make a donation. Many responded with gifts of clothi 
food and other items needed by the victims and by the teams 
working at the sites of the disasters. 

At week's end, as President Bush declared a National Day of Ptu; 
and Remembrance, hundreds of students, faculty members and staff 
members gathered in Harrington Auditorium for a prayer service. 
That evening, they came together again, lighting candles and march 
ing in a solemn procession that stretched in an unbroken chain of 
light nearly all the way around the Quadrangle. The march ended 
in Reunion Plaza for a moving tribute to the victims and their families. 
It was a memorable conclusion to a week that will remain seared 
in the memory. 

The tragic events of Sept. 1 1 affected every member of the greater 
WPI community. To read about how they touched the lives of the 
university's alumni, see pages 42 and 43. 

Kaufman Passes the Ball to Bartley 

A new era began this summer with the appointment of Chris Bartley as WPI's new head men's 
varsity basketball coach. Bartley succeeds Ken Kaufman, who led the Engineers for 32 years 
(26 as head coach), the longest tenure of any head coach at the university. 

Bartley graduated from UMass-Lowell and is completing a master's degree in education at 
Cambridge College. He spent the last two years as assistant coach at Babson College, where he 
helped lead the Beavers to a second-place finish in the New England Women's and Men's Athletic 
Conference in 2001 (the same year the team was named Most Improved Team in New England by 
the New England Basketball Coaches Association). In 1 999, during his two-year stint as coach of 
the Medford High School boys basketball team, he received the Boston Globe Division I Coach of 
the Year award and the NBA's Greater Boston High School Sportsmanship Award. 

This summer, Kaufman was elected first vice president of the National Association of Basketball 
Coaches (NABC). He gave up his coaching duties in anticipation of the additional responsibilities 
he will assume after he becomes NABC president in March 2002. He is also a member of the 
board of trustees of the Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Mass. He will remain at WPI as 
assistant to the director of athletics, physical education instructor, and coordinator of summer sports 
camps. WPI's men's basketball team made its first appearance in the NCAA national Division III 
tournament in 1981 under Kaufman's coaching. The team he coached in 1984 finished with a 
20-8 record and won the NCAA Northeast Regional Championship. 

re about these and other stories In 
issue at www.wpi.odu/4-TransformaHoiu. 

*-k 1 

*■ t~ 

Michael M. Solcal, 

President Elect, History of Science Society 

An Interview by Ray Bert '93 

Last fall, Michael Sokal, professor of history 
at WPI since 1970, was elected to the 
presidency of the History of Science Society 
(HSS), which he says is the greatest honor 
he has ever received. He begins a two-year 
term as vice president in January 2002, and 
will serve as president in 2004 and 2005. 
Sokal spoke with the Transformations about 
his field and what we can learn from it. 

What do you hope to accomplish in 
your new post? 

I hope to help the society serve its members 
as teachers and scholars by helping ensure 
that HSS has the resources — both human 
and financial — that it needs. I do not plan 
to set any teaching or pedagogical agenda; 
it's quite clear that there is a lot of excellent 
teaching going on and a lot of interest in 
the field. But I hope to help the field 
expand its influence outside academia, in 
part by promoting the efforts of those who 
call themselves public historians and 
independent scholars. 

Why is it important to study the 
history of science and technology? 

Here's one of my favorite examples: In 
teaching Introduction to the History of 
Technology and tracing the roots of the 

Industrial Revolution, I start with King 
Henry VIII wanting to divorce his wife. 
Because Roman Catholicism wouldn't allow 
this, he converted to Protestantism and 
created the Church of England, thereby 
promoting in England the "Protestant ethic" 
that some historians believe was the most 
important factor in the rise of a capitalist 
society. If one looks for the root causes only 
in technology, while ignoring large social 
changes, one misses a lot of the story. The 
two are inextricably intertwined. This is, of 
course, why WPI requires students to 
complete the Interactive Project. 

Can looking to the past help us 
grapple with current issues in 
science and technology? 

Too many people in Congress are either 
anti-science, or think it can do anything. 
That split plays out in some current issues, 
such as the much discussed missile defense 
shield. Both sides of that debate — the side 
that says it is absolutely necessary and 
certain to be effective, and the side that says 
that it is a useless exercise that will serve 
only to line people's pockets — are vastly 
ovetsimplified. In terms of stem cells, we 
can show considerable evidence that past 
attempts to limit research for political 
reasons have been counterproductive; not 
only does the field suffer, but the ethical 
concerns that prompted the limits aren't 
addressed. There are other ways to ensure 
that research is conducted ethically. We 
believe strongly that our field has a lot to 
say to policymakers, and that the history of 
science can be — and has been — used in a 
way that can benefit the country. 

Are policymakers the only ones who 
can benefit from an understanding 
of the history of science? 

My discipline has a lot to offer the general 
public, as well. Introducing non-science 
people to the nature of science helps pro- 
duce more educated citizens. An example 
is Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific 
Revolutions, published in 1963, which 
introduced the concept of the paradigm. 
Kuhn was a former HSS president, and his 

work educated a lot of Americans on what is 
involved in the development of science and 
more general intellectual change. 

Can the historian's perspective help 
us deal with the issues left in the 
wake of the recent terrorist attacks? 

As a historian, I try to take a long and 
broad view of the events of Sept. 11. 
I question any explanation that relies 
simply on narrow and short-term factors 
and influences. As I hear commentators 
speculate as to the immediate causes of 
these events, I'm led to consider the 
centuries-long relationships between Islamic 
civilization and the rest of the world, and 
between the United States and the rest of 
the world. It's important to understand how 
these relationships have evolved and how 
one has helped shape the other. When 
asked, "What can history teach us?" I 
respond that although many believe that 
history cannot teach us what to do, it can 
teach us what strategies and tactics have 
failed in the past, and why they failed. We 
ignore the past, and historians' analyses of 
the past, at our peril. 

How will your term as HSS 
president help WPI? 

My serving as president of a national 
humanities society will give outsiders an 
idea of how the university has evolved — 
that WPI is something broader than it used 
to be. But it may also help change the 
institution's image of itself. 

Does WPI's unique approach to 
education have anything to offer 
your field? 

Quite clearly, science historians today know 
about WPI, which wasn't the case when I 
started here 30 years ago. A big part of that 
is the Sufficiency program, which could 
serve as a model for any school for introduc- 
ing students to ways of thinking different 
from their main field. It says there are other 
ways of understanding the world, of coming 
to grips with reality. The skills that scientists 
and engineers at WPI develop in the 
humanities are useful across the board. 

— Bert is a freelance writer living in Maryland. 

Transformations I Winter 2002 5 

Conference Brings 
Wireless World 
to Boston 

Scores of international 

experts came together at 

the third IEEE Workshop 

on Wireless Area 

Networks in Boston in 

September, a conference 

organized by WPI's Center 

for Wireless Information Network Studies 

and chaired by Kaveh Pahlavan, professor 

of electrical and computer engineering. 

The oldest IEEE workshop in wireless 
broadband local and ad-hoc networks, 
the five-year-old meeting brings together 
researchers, leading industry developers 
and end users. This year, invited speakers 
addressed chip development, market 
development and product demonstrations. 
Edson de Castro, best known as the 
founder of Data General Corporation, 
gave the keynote address. 

From left, Rencis, 
Delorey and Kronrod. 

Innovative Curriculum 
Receives Major Award 

The American Society for Engineering 
Education presented three WPI chemical 
engineering professors with its 2001 

William H. Corcoran 
Award for the best 
paper published last 
year in the journal 
Chemical Engineering 
Education. Associate 
Professor David 
DiBiasio Associate 
Professor William 
Clark and Professor Anthony Dixon 
wrote "A Project-based, Spiral Curriculum 
for Introductory Courses in Chemical 
Engineering," a three-part description of 
the Chemical Engineering Department's 
comprehensive overhaul of its sophomore 
curriculum. The new, yearlong sequence, 
which integrates topics from the four tradi- 
tional core courses (material and energy 
balances, classical thermodynamics, mixture 
thermodynamics, and staged separation pro- 
cesses), leads students to make connections 
between ideas previously treated separately. 

6 Transformation! I Winter 2002 

People in the Spotlight 

Joseph J. Rencis, mechanical engineering professor and director of 
engineering mechanics, was recently elected a fellow of the American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International. The highest grade of 
membership within ASME, fellow recognizes exceptional engineering 
achievements and contributions to the engineering profession. A member of the 
faculty since 1 985, Rencis is also a fellow of the Wessex Institute of Great 
Britain, which recognizes leaders in the field of computation engineering and 
boundary element research. 

WPI student musicians have something new to sing about. John Francis Delorey was 

named WPI's first director of choral music last fall. He succeeds Associate Professor Louis 
Curran as director of the WPI Men's Glee Club and assumes conducting responsibilities for 
Alden Voices (the women's chorus) and the Concert Chorus. Curran, who has directed the 
Glee Club since 1 966, will continue to teach at WPI. Delorey, a graduate of Vassar College, 
is a multifaceted musician with an impressive resume. He was most recently director of 
choral activities and concert band director at Clark University and was a music teacher 
and program coordinator at Doherty Memorial High School. 

WPI senior Yakov Kronrod is preparing for a career in research and teaching with a 
double major in mathematics and computer science. Three prestigious awards attest to his 
academic excellence. In 2000 he received WPI's Richard V. Olson Award for outstanding 
performance in basic mathematics courses. Last April, he was named a Goldwater Scholar 
for the 2001 -02 academic year. These scholarships are awarded to outstanding sophomores 
or juniors who demonstrate a high potential for and commitment to a career in mathematics, 
the natural sciences or academic research. Last summer, he was one of two WPI students 
(the other was senior Megan Lally) chosen to receive a Waldemar J. Trjitzinsky Memorial 
Fund Award from the American Mathematical Society. After graduation Kronrod plans to 
pursue a master's in computer science and a doctorate in mathematics. 

Scenes from Frankenstein, a play adapted from Mary Shelley's novel by Joseph Romagnano '01 
and presented at WPI in November. 

Theater Plays Well With Princeton Review 

It is no secret to members of the WPI community that the dramatic arts thrive on campus. 
Recent recognition from the Princeton Review has gotten the word out nationwide. In its 
newest guidebook, The Best 33 1 Colleges, the Review ranked WPI 1 1 th on its list of schools 
where "college theater is big." Emerson College, Ithaca College and Brown University 
topped the list; WPI came in just ahead of Vassar and Hampshire. 

Under the direction of Susan Vick, professor of drama/theatre, the university has moved 
to the leading edge of theater production with the development of the Theatre and 
Technology Program and with multifaceted opportunities to learn and participate, including 
courses, student projects, several standing drama organizations, and a yearly festival of 
plays written, directed, produced and performed by members of the WPI community 

-s •>■. P 

Closing the Gender 

Since it went co-ed IiM 968, WPI has been 
working to increase the number of bright, 
confident women like Janelle Smith 

in its classrooms and labs. Its 1999 strate- 
gic plan set an ambitious target, calling for 
its student body to be 30 percent female 
by 2010-1 1 (female enrollment is at now 
about 23 percent). 

Attracting and retaining women 
interested in engineering, math and 

.„„hal challenge. In 2000, 
women accounted for only 20 percent 
of the students enrolled in engineering 
programs. "Women are over half the 

University before coming to WPI to head 
this new office. "We do a historically bad 
job of telling them that engineering is 
also a helping profession and that math 
and science can help them solve real- 
world problems they can relate to." 

With other administrators, faculty 
and students, Blaisdell has launched 
several "pipeline" programs and is 
expanding others. She is also reac 
out to the community to inform _ 
inspire younger women interested in 
engineering, math and science (see the 
online Transformations for more on 

population," says J- 
"It's important for us to have a voice in the 
'i»'i«n and development of things we use 
in our lives." Balancing the Equation: 
Where Are Women and Girls in Science, 
Engineering and Technology?, a 1 998 report 
by the National Council for Research on 
Women, notes that at a time when U.S. 
industry can't fill openings for technically 
advanced jobs, women are grossly 

WPI is seeking to answer the call to 
action. Last year it established the Office 
of Diversity and Women's Programs. 
"Research has shown that women want 
to help people, the environment and 
animals," notes Stephanie Blaisdell, who 

A cross-functional team at WPI 
is examining the university's marketi 
materials, academic program, campus 
culture, facilities and services to identify 
conditions that may deter women and 
minorities from applying or matriculat- 
ing. One of the issues the committee is 
examining is whether the 30 percent 

am at Arizona State 

"The bottom line," says Admissions 
Director Kristen Tichenor, chair of the 
committee, "is that we're not content 
with where we are. We think we can do 
better in attracting and retaining women 
and minorities who would benefit greatly 
from a WPI education." 

— Bonnie Gelbw 

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20 1 

Seeing the Forest for the Trees 

This chart, generated by XmdvTool from a 
data set consisting of attributes for several 
hundred cars, demonstrates a capability 
of the software called parallel coordinates. 
It shows six dimensions of the data at an 
intermediate level of detail. Each vertical axis 
corresponds to a dimension (for example, 
miles per gallon and number of cylinders). 
Each colored line represents a cluster (or 
correlation among a grouping of cars) within 
the data space. The band around each line 
shows the spread of values for each dimen- 
sion within that cluster. For example, the 
purple line represents eight-cylinder cars with 
poor fuel economy and low acceleration. 
Most of the clusters differentiate themselves 
from others in more than one dimension, 
allowing the viewer to divide each dimension 
into ranges (such as low, medium and high) 
and spot trends and outliers. 

Simply put, visualization is a way of taking information and turning it into images that make 
it easier to comprehend. Road maps, bar charts and organizational charts are examples we 
encounter in our everyday lives. Scientists use visualization techniques to present their results, 
confirm hypotheses and extract meaning from their data. In fact, visualization is becoming 
increasingly important in science, engineering and business because it can provide rich 
overviews of data and help researchers quickly see the forest for the trees. 

But commonly used visualization methods are often inadequate for dealing with exceed- 
ingly large data sets — the kind that exceed millions or even tens of millions of records, each 
with hundreds or thousands of entries. Revealing the patterns and trends hidden in such vast 
seas of numbers is the specialty of Matthew Ward '77, professor of computer science at WPI, 
and Elke Rundensteiner, associate professor of computer science. 

Their research focuses on the development of interactive visualization and data man- 
agement techniques that permit scientists to explore massive quantities of data. Ward, who 
has been working in visualization for more than a decade, is the developer of XmdvTool, a 
powerful tool for the interactive analysis of large multivatiate data sets. The public domain 
software takes advantage of the ability of the human eye to detect, isolate and classify clus- 
ters, trends and anomalies within visual patterns. It integrates a variety of multivariate data 
visualization techniques, including scatterplot matrices, parallel coordinates, star glyphs and 
dimensional stacking, along with an extensive suite of interactive tools for filtering the data 
and modifying the views. 

Funded by the National Science Foundation since 1998, Ward and Rundensteiner's 
current research is focused on three interconnected tasks. First, they are extending the visuali- 
zation techniques of XmdvTool to permit it to display millions of records with thousands of 
dimensions in meaningful clusters that can be examined at multiple levels of detail. They also 
hope to improve the software's data management and retrieval capabilities and develop inter- 
active tools to allow users to better navigate the data 
display and control the level of detail by drilling 
down, rolling up and zooming. 

"Visualization is not meant to teplace the tradi- 
tional analytical or statistical methods of data analysis 
currently used," Ward says, "but it is a useful tool tor 
understanding the structure and characteristics of a 
given data set. Visualization is 'exploratory analysis." 
It allows you to use your innate visual pattern recog- 
nition abilities to spot clusters, trends, and anomalies 
that direct you toward the 5 percent of the data that 
is important, while letting you bypass the 95 percent 
that is not." 

XmdvTool currently has hundreds of users 
from a wide variety of application domains, including 
environmental monitoring, stock market analysis and 
bioinformatics. h is also used in visual data mining 
research and in information visualization graduate courses .n several universities. Ward 
feedback from users has been invaluable, as each new domain provides him, through its own 
unique data characteristics and exploratory tasks, new opportunities for taking visualization 
to yet another level ol exploration. 

8 Transformation! I Winter 2002 

The Air We Breathe 

Just as the cleatest pond watet comes alive with tiny organisms when viewed under a 
microscope, the specialized equipment in the laboratory of Barbara Wyslouzil reveals 
that the air surrounding us is really an aerosol containing thousands of particles per 
cubic centimeter. 

For the last six years, Wyslouzil, associate professor of chemical engineering, has 
focused on the finest of these particles, called nanodroplets because they are typically 
less than 100 nanometers in diameter. These droplets can impair human health, 
change the chemistry of the atmosphere and alter our perception of air quality, yet lit- 
tle is known, from a molecular perspective, about how they form when fossil fuels are 
burned or through incineration and other industrial and natural processes. 

Wyslouzil heads three aerosol science research projects 
funded by the National Science Foundation and another funded 
by the Petroleum Research Fund. As a leading figure in this 
emerging field, she has been recognized by the NSF with a 
Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award and by 
WPI with the 2001 Trustees' Award for Outstanding Research 
and Creative Scholarship. 

A primary focus of her research is the formation and struc- 
ture of multicomponent nanodroplets. She hopes to learn how 
conditions in the gas phase affect the rate at which these droplets 
form. She is also interested in knowing whether the droplets 
contain regions with distinctly different compositions, since the 
way a droplet interacts with its environment depends on which 
molecules lie at its surface. 

In her laboratory in Olin Hall, Wyslouzil and her team of 
undergraduate and postdoctotal students ptoduce aerosols using 
a supersonic nozzle, then study them with conventional methods, 
including light-scattering. Once a year, they pack their equipment in a 15-foot truck 
and drive to the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Md. Over the course of four to five days, they use a 
highly sophisticated piece of equipment called a Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) 
instrument. Because the wavelength of the neutrons is smaller than the size of the droplets, 
the neutron-scattering patterns can provide information about both the size and the internal 
structure of the droplets that can't be derived with other methods. The NIST campaigns are 
grueling, Wyslouzil says, because the experiments run 24 hours a day. 

The most recent trip to NIST, in June, "was the most rewarding yet and produced 
exceptionally good results," she says. "For the first time, we were able to observe that some 
nanodroplets really are segregated and consist of a water-rich core with an alcohol-rich 
surface layer. It was out third attempt to get a 'signal' from this type of droplet and this 
time the spectra looked right!" 

With this information, Wyslouzil and her team can complete a more quantitative analysis 
of the results — for example, determining the exact thickness of a nanodroplet's outer layer. 

Having pioneered the use of SANS to investigate the properties of atmospheric nano- 
droplets, Wyslouzil says she and her group are keen on extending her work into other areas 
of aerosol science. 

- ""•^H20-d- 

1 X 

D20-h-butanol clOmSDD 

a 3.75 m SDD 

"*"**_ H20 - d - buonol i 2.0 m SDD 

To develop a method for probing the 
structure of atmospheric nanodroplets, 
Wyslouzil created test droplets by 
spraying a mixture of water or heavy 
water (D2O) and d-butanol through a 
supersonic nozzle. The curves to the 
left show that the droplets were 
expected to have a water-rich core 
and an alcohol-rich shell. The curves 
to the right show actual results obtained 
with small-angle neutron scattering. 
The results demonstrate the usefulness 
of this technique, the only one yet 
developed that can probe the 
microstructure of nanodroplets. 

" am more about these and oth 

er stones 

issue at www 


Transformations I Winter 2 002 

The Big Picture 

rom the 

■■'•"■-■ ; ' ■ i 

** W*>. 


Wichita, you've no doubt come to 
realize that WPI is not exactly a 
household name beyond Central 
New England. While our faculty, 
staff, students and alumni have 
carried our name to the far corners 
of the globe, and while we've 
become widely known in some 
circles (fire protection engineering, 
for example), our reputation quickly 


wanes as one moves 
farther and farther 
from our own 

How can it be, you 
may wonder, that an 
institution that was 30 years 
ahead of its time in developing the 
best approach to preparing students 
for the challenges and opportunities 
of tomorrow's technological world 
has been so little recognized for its 
efforts? We've come to realize that 
excellence in academics and 
research doesn't translate automati- 
cally into reputation and prestige. 
Those qualities are largely a function 
of who knows you, what they know, 
and how they see you in compar- 
ison to other institutions. 

WPI has set out to do something 
about this challenge — to make a 
name for the university that will be 
known and appreciated. We've 

ast year and a half 
conducting an image assessment 
that has told us a great deal about 
how we are perceived in the market- 
place and what we need to do to 
become more visible and to be 
better known for our quality and 

In the months ahead, we will be 
launching a multifaceted marketing 
and communications program aimed 
at putting that vision into action (this 
newly redesigned magazine is just 
one element). This is a serious effort, 
unlike anything the university has 
ever undertaken. It will involve every 
segment of the WPI family, including 
our alumni body. 

The stakes are high, but the rewards 
could be higher still. I look forward 
to telling you more about this critical 
effort as it moves from the drawing 
board and into the public eye in the 
near future. 

— Parrish is presidenl of WPI. 


IO Transformations I Whiter 2002 


Students Help British 
Museums Connect 
With Visitors 

By Bonnie Gelbwasser 

What do you expect from a museum? 
Information? Enlightenment? Interaction? 
Last spring, four teams of WPI juniors and 
seniors traveled to the London Project Center, 
the oldest site in WPI's global network, to 
help British museums grapple with this 
question. Their task was to suggest ways the 
museums might improve how they fulfill 
visitors' expectations. 

"WPI's Interactive Project is perfect for 
museums," says James S. Demetry, professor 
emeritus of electrical engineering, who 
advised the museum projects, along with 
Ruth Smith, associate professor of philosophy 

David Kirubi, Shaun McQuaid, David Spitz 
and David Yamartino were given the 
opportunity to make the first systematic 
study of the comments and associated data 
recorded by the system during its first six 
months. They found, for example, that 
though the kiosks were designed to appeal 
to young visitors, they are enjoyed by 
people of all ages. The students were asked 
to develop ideas for new topics, and, 
based on their analysis, they recommended 
that the kiosks ask open-ended questions 
aimed at generating well thought out 
comments. They interviewed visitors to 
determine which topics appealed to them, 
and suggested that the museum develop 
kiosks on euthanasia, stem cell research 
and Internet privacy. All three topics were 
approved by museum officials. 
» Housed within the Victoria and Albert 
Museum, the National Art Library is home 
to many priceless manuscripts that document 
the history of art and of the museum. 

• Supply and demand takes on new urgency 
in the intensifying world energy debate. 

To help young visitors learn about future 
sources of energy for the United Kingdom, 
London's National Museum of Science and 
Industry is considering the installation of 
wind turbines and solar arrays on its roof. 
To complement the exhibit, WPI seniors 
Elizabeth Hart, Joseph Knuble and David 
Tolmie designed an interactive Web site 
about photovoltaics and wind energy that 
presents the information in a colorful, clear 
and concise manner. The site engaged the 
interest of 7- to 14-year-olds in alternative 
energy and enabled the museum to deter- 
mine the most effective way to showcase 
the rooftop exhibit. 

• As they prepared for an expanded and 
improved Education Centre, staff members 
at the Royal Armouries of the Tower of 
London wanted to know more about how 
teachers learned of their programs and 

From left, Skiba, Garon and Giarnese at the Tower of London; Tolmie, Hart and Knuble at the National Museum of Science and Industry; 
and Spitz, Ruth Smith and McQuaid at the London Museum of Science. 

and religion. 'The project's focus on the 
interdependence of technology and society 
and its emphasis on teamwork is enhanced 
by the students' exuberance and creativity. 
It all comes together as team members devote 
an intense seven weeks to helping museum 
staffers organize or improve collections in 
ways that appeal to and enlighten visitors." 
Here are highlights of four of these projects: 
• More and more museums are replacing 
lectures about their exhibitions with inter- 
active presentations. In June 2000, the 
London Museum of Science, in an effort to 
encourage more interaction between visitors 
and the museum, opened the Welcome 
Wing, which features a series of kiosks on 
controversial issues in science and technol- 
ogy. At each kiosk, visitors receive an 
introduction to a topic through film clips 
and text; they then have a chance to offer 
their own observations and opinions. 

However, access to the documents, which 
are deteriorating and becoming more 
difficult to decipher, is carefully controlled. 
Thanks to the creativity of Adam Brancato, 
Michael Modisett and Alex Tang, the 
manuscripts may soon be available online. 
A previous student project team designed a 
tagging system that allows transcribers to 
annotate text to identify information so it 
can be easily recognized by a computer. 
Brancato, Modisett and Tang extended that 
idea with their design of a comprehensive, 
flexible online resource that will provide 
scholars with faster, more efficient and 
more powerful access to these treasures. 
The system, which includes links to online 
resources, can be adapted for use by other 
art history archives around the world. 

how they felt about the lessons they presented. 
Based on a survey they conducted of teachers, 
Justyn Garon, Edward Giarnese and Robert 
Skiba recommended that the museum focus 
more on hands-on activities and spend less 
time lecturing visiting students. They also 
suggested that the Education Centre add 
a guided tour of the tower to increase the 
educational value of the visit. Since the 
teachers said they learned about the center 
primarily from colleagues who'd been there, 
Garon, Gianese and Skiba suggested that 
the museum develop a database of schools 
to stimulate interest in the center and 
the tower. 

Transformations I Winter 2002 1 1 



Call it an advanced motility device. 

Call it a personal transportation system. 

Call it the most sophisticated autonomous robotics system ever devised 

Just don't call it a wheelchair. 

on two wheels, the IBOT, brainchild of Dean Kamen '73, has placed the energy 
face-to-face with President Clinton and carried him, step-by-step, to the top of '' 
Ifs now ready to enable disabled people to do things and go places they never dreamed possi 


By Joan Killough-Miller Photography by Patrick O'Connor 

12 : tt'/n/fi 

What if the whole world were handicapped 
accessible? What if a wheelchair could step over 
curbs, climb stairs and keep on rolling, no matter 
how rough the road? What if there were a wheel- 
chair that could stand up and balance on two 
wheels like a person on two legs? 

Dean Kamen is a master at turning "what ifs" into lucrative 
products. His previous inventions — which include a miniature 
infusion pump for diabetics and a portable kidney dialysis 
machine for home use — have made him a multimillionaire. 
Kamen entered WPI with the Class of 1973, but left before 
completing his degree. He was awarded an honorary doctor 
of engineering degree in 1992. His passion is finding ways to 
inspire American youth to pursue careers in science and engi- 
neering. To that end, he created a hands-on learning center 
called SEE (Science Enrichment Encounters) and a foundation 
called FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and 
Technology), which sponsors a national robotics competition 
that teams professional engineers with high school students 
from around the country. 

Nothing pleases Kamen more than putting his resources 
and the talent of his company, DEKA Research & Develop- 
ment Corp., behind a new pet project. So when Kamen was 
struck, one evening, by the sight of a young man in a wheel- 
chair unable to get over a curb at a shopping mall, his mind 
would not let go of that injustice. Instead of changing the 
world, Kamen set out to rethink the chair. 

A decade later, The Independence™ 3000 IBOT™ Trans- 
porter is undergoing FDA clinical trials. Its development has 
captured the attention of USA Today, Scientific American, 
The Wall Street Journal, and NBC's Dateline, as well as 
Wired a.n& InfoWorld. Once approved, it will be marketed by 
Independence Technology, a Johnson & Johnson company 
that has been working in cooperation with DEKA, with a 
$100 million investment from the health care giant. When the 
IBOT is rolled out — possibly later this year — it will open the 
door to new freedom for millions of wheelchair users and glide 
into a $2 billion global market. 

Although the concept of a chair on wheels is ancient, 
the basic design has changed little over the centuries. Most 
innovations in chair design have been spearheaded by users — 
in collaboration with their engineer friends. These advances 
include the first folding wheelchair in 1932, and chairs adapted 
for racing and basketball in the 1 960s. Power-operated chairs 
are also benefiting from new materials and technology that 
make them lighter and more maneuverable. A few have been 
developed to scale curbs or boost the user to a standing eleva- 
tion, but balance and weight become challenging considerations 
when an adult is raised to full height. 

Kamen's IBOT doesn't just replace two legs with four 
wheels. It performs like the human body — using motors and 
wheels to do the work of muscle and bone, while a series of 
gyroscopes and electronic sensors carry out the advanced bal- 
ance and positioning responses of the nervous system. Three 
Pentium-class processors act together as a brain, receiving up 
to 10,000 messages per second. To ensure the safety of their 
responses, two of the three processors must approve a given 
action. (Similar technology is "under the hood" of Kamen's 
recently unveiled Segway Human Transporter?' In fact, the 
IBOT code name, Fred, reveals its close relationship to the 
Segway, which was previously known only as Ginger or IT.) 

On the ground, the IBOT doesn't look much different 
from the typical motorized chair. For all its high-tech powers, 
the IBOT is actually a bit smaller and narrower. What's revo- 
lutionary — figuratively and literally — is the action of the 
double set of rear wheels. 

Three flights up by elevator at DEKA's Manchester, N.H., 
research facility is a secure-access laboratory code-named "Easy 
Street." It is actually a real-world chamber of horrors for a non- 
ambulator)' person. Here, DEKA technicians and people with 
disabilities ranging from gunshot wounds to Parkinson's disease 
have pitted the IBOT against obstacles that would stop an 
ordinary wheelchair in its tracks. 

Kamen is in his element as he demonstrates his creation, 
seated smugly atop this whirring mechanical throne. In 
Standard Function, he can do up to eight miles per hour — 
a moderate speed for runners. "I could have made it faster," 
he jokes, "but they wouldn't let me." With a touch of the arm- 
rest controls, he shifts into 4-wheel drive and cruises through 
pits of sand and gravel. Curbs, cobblestones — even a bumpy 
flagstone path — are no challenge for the IBOT. 

As Kamen switches to Balance Function, one set of rear 
wheels tucks up over the other, elevating vertically challenged 
Kamen to a standing height of six feet. His single-axle stance 
looks as precarious as a unicycle rider's, but Kamen crosses his 
arms and challenges visitors — able bodied and wheelchair 
warriors alike — to knock him over. 

Transformations I Winter 2002 13 

For the grand finale, Kamen rides over to a flight of stairs 
and leans against the chair's backrest. In Stair Function, the 
IBOT backs up the stairs with the two sets of rear wheels rotat- 
ing around each other. It looks perilous, but Kamen's seated 
figure remains steady as the wheels bump along. At the top of 
the stairs he pauses, then rolls down again, spreading his arms in 
a triumphant gesture, asking, "What else do you need to know?" 

It looks like magic — and Kamen delights in telling 
observers that, technically, it is. The balance problem stymied 
him for some time, but the key to a solution came in a flash, 
when he slipped in rhe shower, then asked himself how he 
recovered without falling. The image of his spinning arms 
inspired rhe gyroscopic technology that balances the IBOT. 
It is programmed to mimic whar the human does without 
thinking. For example, when the head gets too far ahead of 
the body, the feet instinctively shuffle forward to keep up. 

"Magic" is about as technical as Kamen will get by way of 
an explanation of the IBOT's inner workings. His engineers — 
who include 1 1 WPI alumni — are guarded when answering 
questions about design details. Russ Beavis '94, who joined 
DEKA after graduation, worked on the IBOT project as a sub- 
system leader of rhe sensor design team. He says that secrecy 
during the design phase made him feel isolated from the rest 
of the company. 

"The IBOT development group was always seen as a 
'black hole' that engineers would enter but never leave," he 
says. "But on a more positive note, the IBOT development 
facilities have been compared favorably to James Bond's gadget 
gurus' labs. The excitement level has always been high." The 
challenge of integrating so many subsystems from the different 
engineering disciplines was great, but Beavis takes pride in 
knowing that the IBOT, like all of DEKA's products, will have 
such a profound effect on so many lives. "We never have to 
think about whether our products are valuable," he says. 

The seeming insurmountable task of making a six-legged 
chair climb stairs fell to another WPI alumnus, Kurr Heinz- 
mann '86. Heinzmann joined DEKA in 1992, after meeting 
Kamen during the first FIRST competition. Kamen hired 
Heinzmann away from WPI's MEAC (Manufacturing Engi- 
neering Applications Center), much to the chagrin of former 
president Jon C. Strauss. Heinzmann was the first engineer 
hired to work full time on the IBOT and has had a hand in 
all of the propulsion and control systems. Conquering the 
stair-climbing problems was a very creative, fun period in 
DEKA's history, he recalls. 

"There are several possible approaches," Heinzmann 
elaborates. "One obvious one is some kind of anthropomorphic 
design — that is, something resembling the biological way of 
doing things, such as legs that articulate just like a human's. 
Then, of course, there are others that are more like a 
wheeled vehicle." 

The chosen stair-climbing strategy also had to be easy 
for a wheelchair user to control. The perfect solution lay in 
a serendipirous side effect of the balance control scheme. 
"We had already figured out how to get the device to maintain 
balance on two wheels," says Heinzmann. "So one day we 
thought we'd try using rhe same scheme for rotating the whole 
cluster of wheels around each other, instead of just rotating 
the wheels that were in contact with the ground." 

In stair mode, the IBOT responds the same way that it 
does in balance mode. If the rider leans back, the wheels rotate 
backwards to keep the point of contact under the center of 
mass. Lean forward, and the chair "walks" down the stairs. It 
takes a bit of practice, says Heinzmann, but it's not difficult to 
learn. "It's a lot less scary when you're in the seat than it looks to 
an observer," he says. "It's a very reassuring-feeling machine." 

Making the IBOT safe for even the most fragile users was 
an unprecedented technical challenge. "This is, without a doubt, 
the most grueling project we've worked on," says Kamen. "In 
Balance Function, there's nothing between you and the road 
but software. Imagine your 80-year-old grandmother up there." 

Although in demonstrations it looks like athletic Kamen 
is reaching back to pull the IBOT up the stairs, he notes that 
using the IBOT takes little strength or range of motion. An 
extremely weak or unstable user could have an artendant guide 
the chair from behind. "In assist mode, a 90-pound woman 
could get her 240-pound husband up the stairs, when properly 
trained," says Kamen. The durability of rhe IBOT has also 
been severely tested. "We've dropped it off curbs and down 
stairs and it doesn't bend. We just hose it down and move on," 
Kamen says. "Our goal was to build a machine that would go 
five years wirhout any of the major systems needing replace- 
ment, and we've done that." 

Future versions of the IBOT may offer head- and mouth- 
operated controls for quadriplegic users who cannot use hand 
controls, and a smaller, lighter model for children and small 
adults is in the works. A proprietary vendor is working on 
puncture-proof pneumatic tires, to alleviate the thorn in the 
side of all wheelchair users. Heinzmann and others on the team 
continue to work on design improvements to bring down the 
weight and cost. 

Although 200 pounds may sound heavy to a manual chair 
user who is used to tossing her 26-pound Quickie ultralight 
chair into her car, Kamen contends that the IBOT's capabilities 
make its weight irrelevant. "What does vour Buick weigh?" he 
counters. "You don't care, because you don't have to litt it. You 
don't carry the I ROT, it carries you. It lifts itself. It even puts 
itself away." Using rhe removable control panel as .i remote, the 
I ROT could be commanded to climb a ramp into irs user's van. 

Price may be a bigger issue to consumers and Rinding 
sources such as private insurance and Medicaid. The [BOl 
projected selling price of $25,000 may seem high (manual 

14 Transformations I Winter 

chairs start in the hundreds and motorized chairs in the thou- 
sands), but some highly specialized power chairs can cost up 
to $20,000. The IBOT would save users the cost of renovating 
their homes to accommodate a standard wheelchair. But, given 
the sophistication of the technology, Kamen thinks the IBOT 
is a bargain. "You're looking at the most sophisticated 
autonomous robotics system in existence," he says. By compar- 
ison, an industrial robot capable of only a single task — such as 
painting parts on an assembly line — might have a 
price tag of $2 million, he says. "Here is a Class III 
medical device that can carry a human payload 
over all conditions, and it will be on the market 
for one percent of the cost of a typical robot." 

For a person who moves through the world 
seated at 39 inches, the ability to stand at adult 
height may be priceless. Kamen is succinct about 
the IBOT's most important ability. "If you're in a 
bar with friends, you're not looking at belt buck- 
les," he says. "The hell with everything else — it's 
putting people at eye level that matters." It is this 
experience, of being tall again and approaching 
others face to face and eye to eye, that seems to be 
most moving to disabled people who have tested 
the IBOT. 

Kamen registers no pity or sentimentality 
toward the people who will be helped by his inven- 
tion. He fits perfectly the profile of inventors cast 
by journalist John Hockenberry, himself a para- 
plegic, who interviewed Kamen and test-drove the 
IBOT on a 1999 edition of NBC's Dateline. In his 
memoir, Moving Violations: War Zones, 
Wheelchairs, and Declarations of Independence, 
Hockenberry wrote, "Inventors weren't shy about disability, 
because they saw the physical details as an interesting problem 
in engineering. As long as the wheelchair said tragedy, everyone 
was inclined to stare and look away." By contrast, Hockenberry 
writes that his inventor friends saw his wheelchair as just 
another opportunity for applying ingenuity — "an uncharted 
reservoir" in the "vast ocean of unmet needs." 

DEKA personnel will swiftly correct anyone who refers to 
the IBOT as a wheelchair. Johnson & Johnson promotes it as 
an "advanced mobility system." Kamen seems to relate to the 
IBOT as neither a medical device, a machine, nor a high-tech 
servant. He speaks of his invention almost as if it were a pal — 
a high-energy, fun-loving, high-living adventurer, not unlike 
himself. The IBOT often accompanies him on business travel. 
It has also been to Tokyo and Washington, D.C. Last year it 
went to the White House, where its owner received the 
National Medal of Technology. 

It's not every wheelchair that sports a bumper sticker 
boasting that it climbed the Eiffel Tower. While in town for 
an international robotics expo, Kamen and the IBOT did 
some sightseeing, rode the Paris Metro and enjoyed an elegant 
dinner. At 2 a.m., neither Kamen nor IBOT were tired, so they 
went dancing at a French discotheque. Hours later, the IBOT 
was still rolling, but Kamen took it back to the hotel room to 
recharge. The IBOT's advanced nickel cadmium battery system 


The revolutionary technology 
developed for the IBOT also 
gives the recently unveiled 
Segway Human Transporter, 
formerly known only as Ginger 
or IT, the ability to balance 
and respond to the rider's 
subtle movements. Months 
of speculation about Dean 
Kamen's latest invention and 
the national publicity accorded 
its launch have made the 
Segway an instantly recog- 
nized addition to popular 
culture, as this recent New 
Yorker cover makes clear. 

(Cover illustration by Barry Blitl. 
Copyright © 2001 Condo Nasi 
Publications. Reprinted by 
permission. All rights reserved.) 

will run all day after 4—6 hours of charging. A lighter, cheaper, 
higher-capacity battery system that is now being explored at 
DEKA will likely spawn a new technology with much wider 

Scientific American cited Kamen's IBOT as one of only 
three examples of advanced robots that the public will be likely 
to see in real life, soon. Not content with conquering curb- 
stones and staircase, Kamen is still consumed by the challenge 
of mimicking — and exceeding — the human organism's natural 
abilities. "Five years from today," he predicts, "you're going to 
see this machine on a basketball court. Five years from today 
this machine will outrun and outmaneuver and be more stable 
than a human being. It will surpass humans in every aspect of 
balancing ability." 

But, one senses, it will never out-think Kamen. D 

Transformations I Winter 2 002 15 

By Joan Killough-Miller 
Photography by Patrick O' 

Christine Clifton has aome a long way since she began her running career as 
a rteshmai/ at WPI in 1 990. Rack then she was a talented but undisciplined 
runner who once skipped-Gcross country meet to attend a party. Today she 
is one off the/nation's most promising long-distance racers. 


16 / f it ii .» fo T >n ti 1 1 ii n < I U' ' i ii t r r JO 2 

Five years ago, Christine Clifton (then Christine Junker- 
mann) could hardly finish a marathon. She limped over the fin- 
ish line of the 1996 Hartford Marathon with a time of 4 hours 
even. "God, I almost died," she later told Runner's World of 
her 26.2-mile ordeal. "It was all I could do to walk it in." 

Last year, Clifton took the running world by surprise by 
taking seventh place in the women's division (the second 
American to finish) in the 2000 Lasalle Bank Chicago 
Marathon, with a time of 2:32:45. To put that in perspective, 
Joan Benoit Samuelson's 1985 course record (still the best 
women's marathon time on any North America race course) is 
only 1 1 minutes faster. 

"A very impressive debut," said American Track and 
Field magazine.. The Chicago Sun -Times, celebrating a come- 
back by American long-distance runners, proclaimed: "The one 
name on everybody's lips was Junkermann." 

Today, Clifton is one of America's most promising long- 
distance runners, training under Dr. Gabriele Rosa, the leg- 
endary Italian coach who led Moses Tanui to victory in the 
1991 Boston Marathon. Her performance in Chicago — the 
third-fastest women's marathon time for 2000, and one of the 
finest debuts by an American marathoner — meets the current 
Olympic qualifying standard. 

Clifton, a Wyoming native who earned a bachelor's degree 
in chemistry at WPI in 1994, is genuinely awed — even giggly, 
at times — about her own success. At 29, she knows she's still 
young for a marathoner and is competing against women who 
have been running competitively since high school and college. 
She's also articulate and thoughtful about what it took for 
someone who didn't take running — or chemistry — very 
seriously in college to transform herself into an elite athlete 
with sights set on the world's biggest marathons and the 2004 
summer Olympics in Athens. 

Brian Savilonis, professor of mechanical engineering and 
coach of the men's and women's cross country teams, remem- 
bers a very different Christine Clifton trying out for track and 
cross-country as a freshman. "First day of cross-country," he 

says, "she could not believe we were going to run that far. In 
her first race she walked some and was far back. So it went 
through her freshman season, although she was actually running 
the 3.1-mile course and had earned a team spot by the end of 
the year." 

Though she came to WPI with no cross-country or dis- 
tance running background, Clifton had a strong high school 
track record and excelled in the 400- and 800-meter events. 

Savilonis hoped that Clifton would make All-New 
England, but a lack of focus and an active social 
life hindered her success. The strain of balancing 
academics, track, work and parties — not necessarily 
in that order — left her too tired to keep up at big 
meets. "Then she went to a frat party rather than the 
NEW8 meet — a conflict that nearly tore our friendship 
apart," Savilonis says. "The team won the first NEW8 
championship to be held, but she wasn't part of it." 
After graduation Clifton joined Uniroyal Chemical and 
then began working toward a master's degree in chemical engi- 
neering at Yale. In 1997 she left to concentrate on tunning. 
"Somehow, I quit grad school even though I wasn't running 
that well," she admits. "My friends didn't tell me at the time, 
but everyone thought I was a little crazy." After a pause she 
adds, "But now they don't think I'm so crazy anymore." 

The decision to abandon a promising career for a far-off 
dream was not difficult. "When I was in grad school I felt 
dumb and I didn't like it," Clifton says. "But when I ran, I felt 
great, I felt like I could do anything. At the time I really didn't 
know where it would take me. All I knew was that I felt great 
about running." 

For a time, Clifton and her former husband, Mark 
Junkermann — a collegiate steeplechase champion and a 
two-time Olympic Trials qualifier — operated Marathon Sports 
in Btookline, Mass., and then Woodbridge Running Company, 
a specialty runner's shop in Connecticut. Christine worked part 
time in the store until it became clear that those hours were 
detracting from her racing. "It's hard to hold down a real job 
when you're running 70 to 100 miles a week, traveling to 
races — and trying to get in some naps!" she says. With Mark as 
her coach, she gave up working and dedicated herself to 
racing full time. 

Transformations I Winter 2002 17 

"Christine who?" was the question posed by sports jour- 
nalists who saw Clifton emerge out of nowhere in the spring of 
1999 and go on to become New England Runner magazine's 
Overall Female Runner of the Year. At the start of that season 
she was just beginning to gain some standing as a local runner 
on the south-central Connecticut circuit. Then came a series 
of spectacular races that transformed Clifton into a second-tier 
national-class racer with her own agent and sponsorship from 
Adidas. By shaving almost four minutes off her time on the 
10K race — from a PB (personal best) of 37:25 down to 
33:34 — Clifton came within 14 seconds of the standard needed 
to qualify for the 2000 Olympic Trials. That year she outran 
Olympic medallist Joan Nesbit in another 1 OK race and 

Although her contract with Adidas provided travel expens- 
es to company-sponsored races, as well as all her running gear, 
racing full time meant just getting by. "I was racing for rent 
and groceries," Clifton laughs, explaining that depending on 
prize money for living expenses was more stressful than the 
races themselves. "My friends from WPI all have amazing 
careers," she says. "I'm sure they all own their own houses by 
now. In this country, it's only the people at the very top of my 
sport who make a great living at it." 

The big break came in August 2000, when Clifton was 
selected as one of a first group of eight American long-distance 
runners to attend FILA Discovery USA, a high-altitude training 
camp at Mt. Laguna, in the mountains of southern California. 

"Christine who?" was the question posed by sports journalists who saw Clifton emerge 
out of nowhere in the spring of 1 999 and go on to become New England Runner magazine's 

Overall Female Runner of the Year. 

clocked one of the nation's top five times on the half-marathon 
(13.1 miles), finishing in 1:13:35. At the 1999 New Haven 
20K Road Race, she placed third in her division, finishing 
in 1:11:20. 

One of the toughest hurdles for Clifton was learning to 
get out of her own way and let herself become the runner she 
was meant to be. A turning point came when she traveled to 
Korea in April 1999 as an alternate on the U.S Ekiden team. 
For the first time she lived in close proximity to female 
champions. "While I was over there, I looked at all the other 
women and realized that they 
look just like me!" she says. 
"I could run the same pace they 
ran, I could do a workout with 
them, but they all were running 
much faster races than I had at 
that point. 

"It was after that trip, about 
two weeks later, that my 1 OK 
time came down to 35 minutes. 
I think I ran nine personal bests 
in a row over the summer. I 
think I just had to come to real- 
ize mentally that there wasn't 
anything different about these 
women. They were just ordinary 
people, working hard and doing 
exactly what I was doing. It was 
very hard for me to see myself 
as one of them. Once I got past 
that mental barrier, I could just 
let myself perform." 

Discovery USA — like its counterpart programs in Kenya 
and Italy — aims to identify and nurture promising American 
athletes using the same techniques that Coach Rosa used to 
develop the raw talents of Elijah Lagat, Joseph Chebet and 
other East African runners who now dominate the interna- 
tional marathon scene. 

Few American runners are given this opportunity to focus 
on intensive training, free from the pressures and distractions 
of ordinary life. The Discovery program's sponsor, sports 
manufacturer FILA, covers all expenses and provides a small 

stipend. The athletes — selected 
through extensive physiological 
and psychological testing, are 
provided with everything they 
need — individualized coaching, 
ample rest, and even massages. 

Those grueling workouts — 
averaging 1 15 miles a week, on 
mountain roads — paid off, first 
at the 2000 Philadelphia Half- 
Marathon, where Clifton ran a 
PB of 1:13:23 (7th place), then 
in Chicago, where she was the 
first American 22 miles into the 
race, before exhaustion hit near 
the end of the course. After 
recovering from the Chicago 
Marathon ("It took my body 
a month and my mind even 
longer." she notes), Clifton was 
sent to Kenya to train with FILA's 
elite athletes. 

18 Transformations I Winter Jim. 1 

In Kenya, Clifton stayed at the home of Moses Tanui in 
Eldoret, and visited the various high-altitude camps established 
by Rosa and some of the African runners. Everywhere she went 
she was amazed by the beauty of the landscape and the passion 
and support for running shown by the Kenyan people. More 
than 2,000 children turned out for a local race, many barefoot, 
with some little girls racing in their best dresses. In their travels, 
the Discovery athletes were serenaded by local school children 
and treated to a feast of fresh mutton. The women were present- 
ed with handmade gifts, including feather headdresses, beaded 
neckpieces and shell-decorated halter-tops, and the group was 
honored with face painting and spear dancing ceremonies. 

FILA also sent Clifton to train in St. Moritz in the Swiss 
Alps, where morning workouts took her to the snow line at 
8,900 feet, and to Italy, where she competed in some local 
events. Her training partners included some of the top Kenyan 
women: Margaret Okayo, Alice Chlagat, Margaret Otondayong 
and Nora Moraga. 

The spring season brought unexpected challenges for 
Clifton, including an allergy to the Italian version of ragweed. 
Blood tests revealed that an infection — possibly a virus or 
parasite she contracted abroad — was compromising her per- 
formance. Although she did not feel sick, Clifton was forced to 
forgo several promising races until her fitness level improved. 
She was selected to represent the United States in the women's 
marathon at the 200 1 World Track and Field Championships 
in Edmonton, Canada, but withdrew from the team to focus 
her energies on upcoming competitions. 

On Labor Day 200 1 , a faster, stronger, more confident 
Christine Clifton returned to Connecticut, where her dream 
began, to run the New Haven 20K Road Race. She placed sec- 
ond in the women's division with a 1:08:24 PB, beating her 
1999 record by almost three minutes. Her fine showing is even 
more noteworthy since this year's 20K also served as the 
National Championship event for USA Track & Field, the 
sport's national governing body. 

On Nov. 4, Clifton attempted the New York City 
Marathon, the USATF's National Marathon Championship, 
but dropped out at the 12-mile mark due to a severe chest 
cold. If all goes well, watch for her this spring in the elite line- 
up for the Boston or the London marathon. 

Coach Savilonis, who has stayed in touch with Clifton 
since graduation, has watched her career with pride. "Her 
progress at WPI was large, although not noticeable to the out- 
side world," he says. "She may not remember running the 5K 
in 26 minutes as a freshman, then 19 minutes as a senior. She 
was indeed driven and wanted to put everything into the sport. 
It just took her a while to put it together" 

"I feel like I'm living my dream life right now," Clifton 
says. "I can go out and run six miles in a row faster than I 
could run a mile in college. My personal best for a mile at WPI 
was 5 minutes, 24 seconds, and in New Haven this year, I aver- 
aged 5:30 for more than 12 miles. It's pretty cool to keep push- 
ing your body to see what it can do." D 

Transformations I Winter 2002 19 

'**' ^Ifc 

In 1989, two scientists at Unocal Corp. found a way to make cleane 
chief patent counsel, protected their discovery with a patent. That migl 
beginning of a long, bitter court battle that would pit one compan 

By Michael W. Dorsey 
Photography by Patrick O'Connor 

earned WPI bachelor's degree in chemical engineering and a desire 
to make a new start. A native or Hartford, Conn., dreg Wir/bicki 
had decided, after two decades of New England winters, to relo- 
cate someplace where nearly every day brings beach weather. 

As he traveled about the Southern California Basin, he saw 
the bright California sun filtered through a brown ha/e thai stung 
the eves and irritated the throat. 1 he government was also paying 
.mention to those brown skies. Air pollution in I os Angeles was 
a known problem as far back as the 1940s. California, which con- 
sumes about a third ol the nation's gasoline, passed its fust bill 
limiting tailpipe emissions in l l )V). A decide later. ( ongress 
enacted the Clean Air Acl ol l l > - (), the fust national law to take 
S( rioUS aim ai pollution from automobiles. 

2 I formation! I Winter 2002 

There are rwo basic ways to curb auto emissions: (1) build 
engines that burn fuel more completely — or equip them with 
devices that treat pollutants before they enter the air; and 
(2) produce fuels that pollute less when they're burned. Fedetal 
and state legislation took both of these approaches (mandating 
catalytic converters, for example, and banning leaded gas). But 
as time went on, attention increasingly focused on finding 
cleaner-burning fuels. 

Wirzbicki didn't know it, but in a few yeats his career 
would take a sharp turn that would place him in the thick of 
the race to clean the air. It was a race that would begin in the 
research laboratoiy, but move quickly into the courts, blossom- 
ing into one of the largest and most fiercely waged legal battles 
ever fought over intellectual property in this countty. 

It was serendipity that brought Witzbicki to his present 
position as chief patent counsel fot Union Oil Co. of 
California, the operating subsidiary of Unocal Corp. While 
working as a water tteatment chemist at Southern California 
Edison, he decided to enroll in an evening business program. 
Finding the classes full, he learned that Loyola University in 
Los Angeles had openings in its evening law ptogram. 

In 1972 he received his Juris Doctor and passed the 
California bar. Less than two years later, a job as a patent 
attorney opened at Unocal, and Wirzbicki opted for a career 
change. "It was a big week for me," he says. "I got a new job, 
I bought a house and I got mairied." 

In Unocal's legal offices, he waded into patents for new 
polymers, catalysts fot refining crude oil, and geothermal 
energy, among other areas. "I got to work with some really 
brilliant scientists," he says. "I enjoyed being able to take 
what they had discovered and protect it with patents." 

Among those biilliant scientists were Peter Jessup and 
Michael Croudace, chemists whose specialty is the chemical 
formulation of gasoline. In 1989 they made a research proposal 
on behalf of Unocal to a coalition of 14 oil companies and the 
Big Three automakers, which had agreed ro work togethet to 
look for ways to reduce auto emissions. 

The impetus for this unprecedented collaboration was 
uncertainty over new Clean Air Act amendments that were tak- 
ing form in Congress. There were strong indications that the 
new act would call for serious reductions in hydrocarbons and 
toxics in auto emissions, leaving oil companies little alternative 
but to switch from selling gasoline to making non-petroleum 
fuels, such as natural gas and ethanol. 

The Auto/Oil Group, as it came to be known, decided to 
jointly sponsot research to look for new gasoline formulations 
that would create fewer pollutants. They hoped to show that 
reformulated gasolines, or RFGs, could begin to clean the air 
immediately, since they can be burned in existing vehicles and 
can be made with only modest changes to refineries. 

Gasoline is a complex blend of hydrocarbons that interact 
to create an array of physical properties. The first question the 
Auto/Oil Gtoup needed to answer was which of these many 
components and ptoperties were worth studying. The answer 
could have a significant impact on the complexity and cost of 
the research. 

"Jessup and Croudace brought the group a proposal to do 
an initial screening of 1 parameters to see which were the bad 
guys and which were the good guys," Wirzbicki says. "Their 
proposal was rejected. The consortium decided instead to run 
just fout of those parameters." 

Fearing that important relationships might be missed, 
Croudace and Jessup convinced Unocal to let them run inde- 
pendent research on all 10 parameters: atomatics, olefins, 
paraffins, MBTE (methyl tertiary-butyl ether, an oxygenate 
that helps fuel burn more completely), T10, T50 and T90 

Transformations I Winter 2002 2 1 


(the 10, 50 and 90 percent distillation points, or the temper- 
atures at which 10, 50 and 90 percent of the fuel would evap- 
orate), Reid Vapor Pressure (the vapor pressure of a gasoline at 
100 degrees Fahrenheit), research octane, and motor octane. 
Conducting research independent of the consortium group was 
permitted by the joint study agreement all the participants 
had signed, Wirzbicki notes. 

The two Unocal scientists 
blended 15 combinations of 
ingredients and burned them in a test vehicle. They found 
that two properties, T50 and Reid Vapor Pressure, were the 
primary means to controlling tailpipe emissions. Research octane 
number, olefin content, paraffin content, T10 and T90 also 
had important effects. Of these seven characteristics, only two 
(olefins and T90) were among the parameters included in the 
Auto/Oil Group study. None of the characteristics the consor- 
tium chose to investigate in its four-parameter study were 
found to have a primary effect on emissions in the 
Unocal studies. 

After an independent research laboratory verified their 
results, the Unocal scientists were confident they had discov- 
ered keys to producing clean-burning gasoline. It was a major 
breakthrough with great commercial potential. They brought 
their discovery to Wirzbicki, who was by then the company's 
chief patent counsel. 

Wirzbicki began work on what would be the first of five 
patent applications he would file with the U.S. Patent Office 
over the subsequent decade to protect the work of Jessup and 
Croudace. While the application worked its way through the 
Patent Office, Unocal shared its research results with the 
Auto/Oil Group and with the California Air Resources Board 
(CARB), which was developing new clean air regulations. 

"Unocal felt it was important to tell CARB about our 
data," Wirzbicki says. "Jessup and Croudace wanted the gov- 
ernment to have the best data available and to reach its own 
conclusions as to what to do with it. But more important, 
Unocal was among the parties that were most interested in 
having the regulations be as flexible as possible." 

In 1991, CARB issued its Phase 2 RFG rules, which called 
for oil companies to begin making RFG by March 1, 1996, 
and to sell only RFG after June 1 of that year. Unocal received 
U.S. Patent No. 5,288,393 on Feb. 22, 1994. The patent cov- 
ered the combinations of factors that Jessup and Croudace had 
found to impact auto emissions, as well as many fuels that might 
be blended to achieve those factors — automotive gasolines that 
would meet the new CARB regulations. 

The following January, the company announced it would 
soon begin licensing its protected formulations to other compa- 
nies. In the legal offices of the nations' largest oil companies, 
the wheels began turning. 




The judge was seeking to sanction the oil companies 

for the vexatious way in which they handled this case. 

n mid-April 1995, 
just before Unocal's 
licensing program 
was set to begin, 
Atlantic Richfield, 
Chevron, Exxon, 
Mobil, Shell and 
Texaco sued Unocal 
in U.S. District Court, 
asking that its RFG 
patent be declared 
invalid. They argued that the claims in the patent were based 
on prior art (for example, that the formulations resulting from 
the claims resembled certain aviation and racing fuels) and 
obvious to one skilled in the field. 

They suggested that Unocal had usurped the CARB 
regulatory process for its own gain because the company had 
narrowed the claims of the patent after the CARB regulations 
were released with the result that the claims "resembled" the 
regulations. And, they claimed that the patent was unenforce- 
able due to "inequitable conduct" in the way Unocal had prose- 
cuted the patent application before the patent examiner. In 
response, Unocal countersued, arguing that the plaintiffs (which 
by then were all selling RFGs to meet the CARB regulations) 
had infringed its patent, and were continuing to do so. 

Unocal, represented by the Minneapolis-based law firm 
of Robins, Kaplan, Miller and Ciresi, would successfully refute 
all of these claims in a trial that began in July 1997. For exam- 
ple, Unocal demonstrated that the claims in its patent were 
novel and not obvious to a skilled scientist in the field. The 
company also addressed head-on its prosecution of its patent 
application and its relationship to the CARB regulations. 
Wirzbicki says he filed the first patent application 1 1 
months before CARB issued its Phase 2 regulations. During the 
patent prosecution, the company kept the examiner in the U.S. 
Patent Office apprised of those regulations. He also notes that 
the amendments made during prosecution narrowed the claims, 
so that the resulting patent actually covered fewer potential 
gasoline blends than the original application. 

The court also learned that the other oil companies 
became aware of the Unocal patent a month after it was 
awarded, but none asked CARB to reconsider its regulations. 
"Instead," Wirzbicki says, "they sued us to break the patent." 

In October 1997, the jury decided that the Unocal patent 
was valid and that the other oil companies had infringed it. A 
month later, it said that Unocal was entitled to damages of 5 '. 
cents tor each of the 1.2 billion gallons of RFC! the plaintiffs 
had already sold (about 29 percent of their California RFG 
output between March 1. 1 ')%. and July 31, 1996), for 3 total 
award of $69 million. The following year the presiding judge. 
Kim Mil ane Wardlaw. ruled that there was no inequitable conduct 
and thai I 'nocal had acted properly and with good fiuth during 
the patent tiling .mil prosecution process. 

2 2 Transformation I Winter 2002 

Wirzbicki notes that Judge Wardlaw also ordered the 
plaintiffs to pay nearly $1.5 million in legal fees to Unocal. 
"Assessing legal fees in patent cases is done only in exceptional 
cases," he says. "The judge was seeking to sanction the oil com- 
panies for the vexatious way in which they handled this case. 
One of the things she specifically pointed to was the fact that 
they had tried to influence her and the jury to believe that we 
hadn't told the patent office about the CARB specifications, 
when, in fact, the record was extremely clear on that." 

By the time the case ended, the company had won two 
more patents, covering other aspects of the original research of 
Jessup and Croudace. Another would be received in November 
1998; the last of the five patents for which Wirzbicki had writ- 
ten applications was awarded in early 2000. The additional 
patents covered more gasoline formulations and methods for 
burning the fuels to reduce pollutants, delivering and dispensing 
them, and blending them in refineries. 

In December 1998, Unocal again wrote to major refiners 
and offered to discuss licensing. Instead, the other companies 
headed back to court, this time to file an appeal of the District 
Court's ruling in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal 
Circuit in Washington, D.C. 

Among other allegations, the appeal asserted that the 
claims in Unocal's initial patent were too broad to be patented, 
potentially covering every gallon of gas refiners must make 
during the summer months under California's regulations. 

in a patent. The Patent Office rejected the request to re-examine 
the fourth patent, but decided to re-examine the first. 

In March, ExxonMobil (the companies merged in 1998) 
asked the Federal Trade Commission to investigate the Unocal 
patents, claiming the company engaged in anticompetitive prac- 
tices in patenting the results of its RFG research. ExxonMobil 
and CARB officials allege that Unocal attempted to deceive 
CARB about its research and patent application to gain a 
monopoly on the sale of RFGs. ("This is one of the claims that 
resulted in the assessment of legal fees," Wirzbicki says.) The 
FTC investigation is ongoing. 

In the meantime, Unocal, which no longer sells gasoline, 
having sold its refineries and gas stations in 1997, is reaping the 
rewards of the discoveries of Jessup and Croudace. In October 
2001, the U.S. District Court of Los Angeles granted Unocal's 
motion for summary judgment requesting an accounting of 
infringement against its first patent by the plaintiffs. The motion 
covers the period Aug. 1, 1996, to Dec. 31, 2000. The company 
had already received the $69 million (which grew to $91 mil- 
lion with interest and attorneys' fees) awarded it by the court. 

The company has licensed all five of its patents to oil 
companies not participating in the litigation. To date, none of 
the original plaintiffs has signed a license with Unocal. In pub- 
lic statements, the company says it estimates that its patents 
will add less than one cent to the cost of reformulated gasoline 
sold nationwide (or about $10 per year per consumer). 

"The real storv from mv Doint of view is these two inventors. Thev were seriously concerned that Auto/Oil was going the 

wrong way; that they wouldn't find out what the bad guys in gasoline were. The inventors thought 

they had a better idea. That is the name of the game when it comes to invention. 

After the appeals court affirmed the lower court's ruling in 
March 2000, the plaintiffs filed a petition to have the case consid- 
ered by the U.S. Supreme Court. Friend of the court briefs were 
filed on behalf of the plaintiffs by 34 state attorneys general 
and several industry organizations. 

"The content of the amicus briefs showed a lack of under- 
standing of the facts of the case," says David Beehler, one of the 
attorneys with Robins, Kaplan, Miller and Ciresi who repre- 
sented Unocal at trial. "They were renewing claims that Unocal 
had tried to improperly influence the regulatory system, when 
that wasn't even part of the appeal." 

In an opinion joined by two Patent Office officials, the 
U.S. Solicitor General recommended that the court reject the 
case, and within a month, the petition was denied. Ordinarily, 
a judgment by the Supreme Court signals the end of the road 
for a court battle, but the plaintiffs in this case had not yet 
exhausted their options. 

After the high court ruling, the oil companies that sued 
Unocal petitioned the U.S. Patent Office to re-examine Unocal's 
first RFG patent. (An unnamed party requested a re-examina- 
tion of the fourth patent.) Current U.S. patent law entitles any- 
one at any time to file a request for re-examination of any claim 


he file cabinets in Wirzbicki's office bulge with 10 

years worth of news stories about Unocal's patent trial, 
most of which, he says, miss two important points. 

"The real story from my point of view," he says, "is these 
two inventors. They were concerned that Auto/Oil wouldn't 
find out what the bad guys in gasoline were. They thought they 
had a better idea. That is the name of the game when it comes 
to invention. Yes, the cost of gasoline may have gone up slight- 
ly because of our patent, but every meritorious invention ends 
up costing the consumer at some point." 

The other point is the one that Wirzbicki sees every day 
from his office window. In short, the brown skies are gone. The 
work of Unocal's scientists and the cooperative efforts of gov- 
ernment and industry to make the widespread use of reformu- 
lated gasoline a reality have paid off in substantially cleaner air. 

"From 1976 to 1989, there were at least 150 days each 
year in the Southern California Basin that exceeded the one-hour 
federal ozone air quality standard," he says. "By 1998, that was 
down to 65 days — a decrease of more than half. California says 
its Phase 2 regulations have been enormously successful. And 
after all, that's what this was all about to begin with." D 

Transformations I Winter 20 02 2 3 





Tomorrow's electric power productio 
and distribution network may look ver 

different from today's, with smaller, 
more environmentally friendly power 

ating stations. Among the technologies 

that will 

rina this vision to reali 

Call it a micro-revolution. 

For over a century, electric power systems have been designed 
for economies of scale, with large fossil-fuel or nuclear generating 
plants producing electricity and delivering it through far-flung 
grids of transmission lines to homes and businesses many miles 
away. It's a system that has worked reasonably well through the 
years, despite its vulnerability to natural events, technological 
glitches and acts of terrorism. 

But as the Information Age has made every aspect of mod- 
ern society increasingly dependent on highly reliable supplies of 
electric power, as consumers have grown increasingly reluctant 
to support energy policies that tax the environment, finite nat- 
ural resources or human health, and as recent power crises, like 
those in California, have made clear the complexities of manag- 
ing vast interconnected power networks, a new paradigm of 
energy production and distribution has begun to emerge. 

In this new model, power generation is dispersed, with 
smaller, more environmentally friendly sources of electricity 
located closer to where the power is needed. Sophisticated net- 
works monitored by high-tech sensors and intelligent agents 
control the flow of watts and account for the movement of 
dollars in this "smart" energy marketplace. 

One of the advocates for this new model is the Electric 
Power Research Institute, the electric power industry's own 
research and development think tank. A story in the July 2001 
issue of Wired magazine notes that EPRI envisions smarter 
energy networks that "will incorporate a diversified pool of 
resources located closer to the consumer, pumping out low- 
or even zero-emission power in backyards, driveways, down- 
scaled local power stations, and even in automobiles, while 
giving electricity users the option to become energy vendors." 

A A prototype for a new proton-exchange membrane fuel cell 
sits on the lab bench in the WPI Fuel Cell Center. 


is I Winter 2002 2 5 

The new focus on smaller and cleaner sources of electric 
power has placed a spotlight on alternative electric power gener- 
ation technologies, including two (wind turbines and fuel cells) 
that are the focus of research and student project work at WPI. 

Stephen W. Pierson, associate professor of physics and a 
theoretical physicist specializing in condensed matter, has been 
doing research on wind power, largely through several student 
projects exploring one of the oldest forms of small-scale power 
generation. Fundamental research under way in WPTs Fuel 
Cell Center, a university-industry alliance headed by Ravindra 
Datta, professor and head of the Chemical Engineering 
Department, is putting research teams of graduate students and 
undergraduates to work to advance the state of the art in fuel 
cells, which are creating quite a buzz in the electric arena. 

Pierson's and Datta's separate but ultimately related research 
pursuits typify the curiosity, fundamental research, teamwork 
and practicality — and sense of social responsibility — that make 
special the WPI brand of education. Think of it as the power 
of curiosity. 

"Engineers," Datta says, "can assist society in improving 
the standard and quality of life here and in the rest of the 
world. Energy offers special opportunities because the planet 
is operating on a course that will eventually deplete the known 
fossil fuel resources, perhaps even in the next 50 years." 

As living conditions improve and the earth's population 
burgeons, the result will be ever-higher energy consumption. 
The scenario cries out for a reasoned and sustainable plan of 
action, Datta says. 

WPI students can help write that plan through graduate 
research and, at the undergraduate level, through their required 
projects. The Interactive Project thrusts students into practical 
problems that lie at the intersection of science and technology. 
In typically three-member teams, they work toward solutions. 

"This isn't textbook work," notes Pierson, who has advised 
28 Interactive Projects on topics ranging from Worcester traffic 
to the Iraqi missile program. "We talk, we analyze, 

we question, we test the quality of the data, 
we press for strong spoken and written com- 
munications. We isolate the careless general- 
ization, point out the unsubstantiated conclu- 
sion, and expect precision in each project." 
Helping students achieve those outcomes is a fine art, 
Datta says. "We must know when to provide guidance to a stu- 
dent and when to hold back. Especially with graduate students, 
we find that after they finish their course work and are pursu- 
ing their research, they soon wind up knowing more about 
their chosen topics than we do. And they are thinking inde- 
pendently. This is good. In fact, we learn along with them, and 
the relationship blossoms from teacher-student to colleagues. 
To be a good teacher, you first have to be a good student." 

Blowing in the Wind 

Acknowledging that a sustained investigation of wind energy as 
a practical energy resource lies some distance from his work in 
condensed matter, Pierson, shrugging contentedly, explains that 
he hails from North Dakota, "the windiest state. I've long had 
an interest in energy issues and challenges, and I've been look- 
ing to make my research more socially relevant." 

Wind turbines currently generate less than 1 percent of 
the electricity consumed in the United States (compared with 
about 80 percent for coal, oil and natural gas), or about 3,500 
megawatts per year. That output has been steadily rising as the 
cost of generating electricity with the wind has continued to 
drop and as utilities have come to see this once fringe energy 
source as a viable alternative to conventional power plants. 

"Wind, under the right circumstances, can be 
cheaper than coal," Pierson explains, "and 
wind is inexhaustible." 

He says that there are three central factors that can turn 
wind generation into a competitor for electricity produced with 
coal and natural gas. "The wind must be sufficiently strong and 
sustained," he says. "The turbines should be grouped in large 
farms to reap the benefits of the economy of scale. And the 
developer should take advantage of the federal governments' 
Production Tax Credit." 

While wind turbines consume no fuel and produce no 
pollutants, they are not without environmental impacts. Some 
communities have objected to wind farms within their bound- 
aries because of the visual impact of the tall turbines and 
because of the noise they make. Design refinements have 
reduced the noise produced by turbine blades and care taken 
in the design of farms can often reduce aesthetic concet ns. 
Wind farms also need to be close to transmission lines 
and power grids. The need for more transmission line capacity, 
he noted, has made odd allies of coal interests and the wind 
farm industry, which rallies under the American Wind 

Energy Association. 

Not yet mainstream in 
the United States, wind energy 
(the fastest growing reusable 
energy source worldwide) is 
meeting less than 1 percent 
of the electricity needs of 
Princeton, Mass., several miles 
north of the WPI campus. 
New England's largest wind 
firm is situated in Vermont, 
and by die scale of many 
European installations it is 
modest in size and output. 
Stephen Pierson 

2 6 Transfer mat ions I Winter 2 002 

WPI's Interactive Project asks students to work in teams toward a 
solution for a defined techno-social problem. Here are summaries 
of three such projects advised by Stephen W. Pierson, associate 
professor of physics, that have focused on alternative energy. 

Breezing Through CleUU Energy Projects 

iting Offshore Wind Farms in Nantucket Sound 

Which of two proposed sites in Nantucket Sound is better for an offshore wind farm? This project, funded by 
the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources and the Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at 
the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, took into account 13 factors in its conclusions. The technical, 
physical and social factors ranged from the location of shipwrecks and undersea cables to water depths and 
wind speed, to the effects on birds, shipping lanes and fishing activities, to the visual impact. The project 
found that both proposed sites are adequate, and produced detailed maps incorporating many of the factors 
investigated using GIS (Geographical Information System) software. The study also made clear that the 
complex matter of specific siting involves balancing and integrating the benefits and disadvantages intricately 
posed by the 1 3 interrelated factors. 

Expanding the Princeton, Mass., Wind Farm 

Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy and WPI, the project assessed an operating wind farm and its 
potential for expansion. After the WPI students confirmed that the wind resource was adequate for commercial 
use, they found the best layout for new turbines, determined the need for additional study on the effects on the 
bird population, and saw that the public varies in its support and opposition owing to the trade-offs of clean 
energy and visual and noise impacts. The study, co-advised by civil engineering Professor Paul Mathisen, 
concluded that the Princeton Municipal Light Department can step up its wind energy electrical output from 
the current less than 1 percent of the town's needs to at least 1 percent with the purchase of the larger, 
more efficient wind turbines on the market today. 


t > 

haiidnd With Solar Power 

The Hill-tribe villages of Thailand are isolated from the rest of the country, 

geographically and culturally. Villagers are limited in their ability 

to interact with the rest of the nation because they speak a 

different language and do not have adequate education 

to learn the Thai language. A WPI student project team 

traveled to a few remote villages to see if maintainable 

photovoltaic systems could be installed there — with' 

unduly impacting the tribes' culture — to power TVs 

and VCRs that could augment the villagers' ability 

to learn Thai. The students lived with the villagers 

and learned that they were familiar with solar 

power and anxious to have it in their villages. They 

assembled a solar system and made a return trek 

to a larger village to install it on the roof of the 

school. The students feel confident their work can 

allow other villages to install solar systems to 

help them prepare for the encroachment * ^t 

of the modern v" ' 


Pierson will soon begins a year's sabbatical during which 
he expects to pursue public affairs issues for the prestigious 
American Physical Society. The direction of his sabbatical under- 
lines the bedrock WPI idea of the integration of technology 
and social consequences. 

Last year, in an op-ed piece published in the Worcester 
Telegram & Gazette, he spelled out causes for concern, as he 
saw them, in the shape of the proposed federal energy policy 
and direction of climate change. 

Citing conclusions of the Union of Concerned Scientists, 
in Cambridge, Mass., where he has served as a visiting scientist, 
Pierson listed "the gravest consequences of global warming as 
more extreme weather events, a faster rise of sea level, and more 
heat waves and droughts that lead to more heat-related illnesses 
and deaths." 

The choice is clear. He wrote, "With options that could 
save us money, reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and address the 
other limitations of fossil fuels, why wouldn't we pursue them?" 

'Imagine what the world 

would be like without widely 

shared fundamental 

,i research." 

Ravindra Datta 

Making Fuel Cells Practical 

Fuel cells convert fuel directly, efficiently and continuously into 
electricity through electrochemical reactions. Long used as a 
power source in spacecraft and military vehicles, they are 
increasingly being eyed as a future source of clean power lor 
homes, businesses and automobiles. They are also frequently 
cited as a key technology for realizing the vision of tomorrow's 
distributed power system. It has been estimated that the market 
for fuel cells could reach Si billion by 2006. 

Most fuel cells use hydrogen as a fuel. The hydrogen splits 
into protons and electrons on the anode catalyst, tvpicallv plat- 
inum. The protons pass through a membrane and combine 

with electrons from oxygen to generate electricity and water. 
Because they produce extremely clean energy and are twice as 
fuel-efficient as conventional internal combustion engines, fuel 
cells ate of great interest to automobile makers. In fact, virtually 
every major car producer has a significant research program 
focused on fuel cells, and forecasters predict that cars powered 
by fuel cells could be available to consumers by the end of 
the decade. 

Today's fuel cells tend to be bulky and expensive. And 
until there are hydrogen filling stations in every town, putting 
hydrogen-based fuel cells in cars and other consumer applica- 
tions may not be ptactical. That is why a number of researchers, 
including Datta, are studying fuel cells that use other fuels or 
that can locally convert more conventional fuels into hydrogen 
suitable for fuel cells. 

It is possible to extract hydrogen from gasoline using 
catalysts, but the resulting hydrogen stream has contaminants, 
including carbon monoxide, that can poison the fuel cell. To 
make fuel cells that are more tolerant of carbon monoxide, 
Datta and his students are working to develop more robust 
electrode catalysts and proton-exchange membranes for fuel 
cells. Nafion, a polymer membrane made by Dupont, is cur- 
rently the most widely used proton-exchange membrane. To 
work effectively, however, it must be soaked in water, which 
limits the fuel cell temperature to 80° C. 

Datta and his students are developing proton-exchange 
membranes that can operate at higher temperatures, which 
make PEM fuel cells better able to deal with carbon monoxide 
and other poisons. They have also found that they can main- 
tain the membrane's high ionic conductivity at reduced 
humidity levels, which increases power output. 

The WPI researchers are looking at other ways to take on the 
temperature-humidity issue. They are examining higher-tempera- 
ture inorganic membranes and composite organic-inorganic mem- 
branes. They are also developing new catalytic electrode materials 
that are more robust than the conventional platinum. 

Research in the Fuel Cell Center is also focusing on using 
watery ethanol, a renewable organic fuel made from biomass, 
as a fuel. Watery ethanol is less expensive to produce than fuel- 
grade ethanol, and can produce a clean stream of hydrogen in 
a reformer heated to about 500° C. PEM fuel cells powered bv 
hydrogen produced from ethanol hold the promise of produc- 
ing electricity in a highly efficient, sustainable and environ- 
mentally sensitive manner. 

Datta says one of the goals of the Fuel ("ell Center is to 
see the breakthroughs that occur in the laboratory make their 
way as soon as is practical into socially useful applications. 
"We don'i hold back in widely disseminating our Litest research 
Findings, lie says. We publish oui work prompdy, Imagine 
what the world would be like without widely shared funda- 
mental research. Ibis basic tenet ol universities is really quite 
a concept, one thai has a profound influence on humanity. D 

2 8 Transformations I Winter 2002 

By Laurance S. Morrison 
Photography by Patrick O'Connor 


eneral Motors, where he rose to become 
airman, Robert Stempel '55 developed a keen 
interest in electric vehicles. Today, the man who 
invented the catalytic converter is chairman of 
another company that is helping make possible 
the environmentally friendly, fuel-efficient 
vehicles that may well transform the 
automotive industry. 

Transformations I Winter 2002 29 

Like a shimmering blue mirage, the GM Sunraycer glided 
silently across the Australian desert in 1987, fueled only by 
photons from the sun. Powered by 8,800 solar cells, the experi- 
mental car covered nearly 2,000 miles in five days to win the 
first World Solar Challenge. 

GM's participation in the race was a turning point for 
advocates for solar power and electric vehicles. It was also a 
turning point in the life and career of Robert C. Stempel '55, 
who, three years later, would rise as high as a self-described 
"car guy" can go. Having worked his way up through the ranks 
at GM, he would become chairman and chief executive officer 
of the world's largest manufacturing company. 

His experience with Sunraycer led Stempel to encourage 
the development by General Motors of a production-model 
battery-powered electric vehicle, the EV-1. It also introduced 
him to one of the most pressing challenges facing designers of 
electric vehicles — the need fot lightweight, long-lasting energy 
storage systems. 

"The only battery we had to start with," he says, "was the 
conventional lead-acid battery. We used 26 to produce the 
voltage and energy storage capacity we needed to get a range 
of 80 miles." 

Ovshinsky, who, with his wife, Iris Ovshinski, Ph.D., had 
founded the small company in Troy, Mich., in 1960. ECD had 
developed a rugged nickel metal hydride battery that looked like 
it might be exactly what Stempel had been hunting for. It offered 
high energy, high power, long life and environmental friendliness. 

A growing company, ECD holds more than 350 U.S. 
patents and more than 800 corresponding foreign patents. Its 
three core product areas — information technology, energy gen- 
eration and utilization, and energy storage and infrastructure — 
are based on its proprietary, atomically engineered amorphous 
and disordered materials. Its products include optical memory, 
electronic memory and switches, protective coatings, photo- 
voltaic systems, a solid hydrogen storage system for automotive 
applications, and the Ovonic Regenerative Fuel Cell, which can 
be used in vehicle and stationary applications. 

Stempel joined ECD in 1994 and is currently chairman 
and executive director. "At ECD, we focus on consumer free- 
dom and mobility because many of our products provide 
energy for personal transportation and home uses," he says. 
"People need and want environmentally sensitive energy." 

"At WPI I discovered the fundamentals of plans and preparation. 

I learned to work in a team. I found out how to see across disciplines 

and understand the roles of others in a project. At the same time, 

I learned the concepts of mechanical engineering. Over the years, 

these lessons have been the foundation of my work." 

Stempel would have to pursue his growing interest in 
electric propulsion outside of General Motors. Soon after his 
election as chairman, problems flared in the Middle East over 
oil. Auto sales slowed. GM, having just built modern facilities, 
needed to close its older plants to reduce excess capacity and 
expenses and align capacity with market demands. The 
thoughtfully organized phase-out plan at 18 plants resulted 
in no strikes, but the GM board was hoping for a faster transi- 
tion, Stempel says. Mindful of the corporation's interests, he 
decided, mutually with the board, to step down in 1992. 

"Shortly after leaving GM," he says, "I was contacted 
about working on several interesting car and truck products, 
and was asked to consider several university assignments, as 
dean of engineering or head of a business school. But I wanted 
to continue working on alternate power trains for personal 
transportation. I really wanted to see electric drive have a role 
in future vehicle transportation." 

Knowing of Stempel's search for a better battery. Waller 
McCarthy, CEO of Detroit Edison and a director ol Energy 
Conversion Devices (ECD), introduced Stempel to Stanford 

Stempel oversaw the installation of Texaco Ovonic nickel 
metal hydride batteries in the EV-1, which can travel 160 to 
180 miles on a single charge. They're also in Chevrolet's electric 
pickup trucks, and are being offered tor use in hybrids (which 
use a small gasoline or diesel engine in conjunction vvith an 
electric motor). Honda and Toyota hybrids will soon be joined 
by vehicles from Ford, Chrysler and General Motors. GM's 
Precept, a lull si/c livbrid, achieves more than 80 miles per 
gallon using the ( honii battery. 

30 Transformations I Winter 2002 

Stempel says his role at ECD is a natural extension of the 
work he did at GM. "Having spent a great deal of my time on 
emissions and pollution teduction or elimination, a second 
career with ECD is right in line with my own views on the 
environment and clean air and water. Many of my volunteer 
activities include clean air and water issues here in the Great 
Lakes Basin." 

His career began right after World War II, when technolo- 
gy, materials and talent that had been channeled to national 
defense suddenly came face to face with pent-up consumer 
demand. Observing this practical landscape of free entetprise 
was a youngster who just loved cars. Stempel studied and, at 
6'4", played football at his high school in Bloomfield, N.J., 
a community of about 50,000. He also worked at an auto 
repair garage. 

When the WPI basketball team visited nearby Stevens 
Institute, a WPI alumnus invited Stempel to attend the game. 
While the teams grappled on the court, he heard about life at 
WPI. He had been considering several technically oriented 
colleges. In this, his parents, Eleanor, a secretary, and Carl, 
a banker who spearheaded the development of the leasing of 
airplanes in the post-war years, encouraged him. They taught 
their children the dignity of work and the importance of 
doing a job well. 

Four and a half decades after he graduated with a bache- 
lors degree in mechanical engineering (he also holds an MBA 
from Michigan State University), Stempel remembers exactly 

why he chose WPI. "I was swayed by the balance 
of the theoretical and the hands on," he says. 
"The Washburn Shops, the Metallurgy Labs, 
the electrical shops, the whole focus on engi- 
neering. For me, it was all there at WPI." 

To keep himself in pocket money, he fixed the cars of 
fellow students. "I carried a box of tools in the trunk and the 
word got around," he says. As a senior, he received the 
Worcester Chapter of the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers Award for his paper, "Practical Fuel Injection for 

"At WPI I discovered the fundamentals of plans and 
preparation," he says. "I learned to work in a team. I found out 
how to see across disciplines and understand the roles of others 
in a project. Over the years, these lessons have been the foun- 
dation of my work." 

After graduation, he worked at General Electrics Wife and 
Cable Division and did two years' service in the U.S. Army 
Corps of Engineers. But, he recalls, "Car makers were styling 
up the 1950s body shape, which was reminiscent of the glory 
times, and I saw that. I was deeply interested in teamwork- 
based engineering. It cemented things for me. I belonged in the 
automobile industry. I wanted to go to Detroit.' 

His road to Detroit began in 1958 when he joined 
General Motors as a design engineer in the Oldsmobile Divi- 
sion, in Lansing, Mich. Over the next 13 years, he held five 

jobs there, including assistant chief engineer. Chief engineer 
John Beltz decided to give Stempel room to do something new. 
"He was an inspiration," he says. 

With Beltz's backing, Stempel proved instrumental in 
developing the front-wheel drive Toronado. His energy, insight 
and leadership qualities were getting noticed. GM president 
Edward Cole delivered Stempel's next turning point when he 
involved him in the creative teamwork that produced the cat- 
alytic converter. "I wondered if this was such a good idea for 
me," Stempel says, "but he said 'trust me,' and I did. It proved 
beneficial to my career; I was promoted to Chevrolet's chief 

He would also play a pivotal role in developing the 1977 
Caprice and the 1 984 Pontiac Fiero. As he took on more 
responsibility, his decisions grew weightier. As president and 
chief operating officer and, then, chairman and chief executive 
officer, he was operating at the center of global commerce. 

"The lightning speed of communications is probably the 
key factor to contend with in decision making," he says. "But 
you can't allow this to hurry your conclusions. I rely on experi- 
ence and try to assess the impact of my decisions while making 
course corrections according to new information. I keep a 
decision checklist. And I try to see the end game." 

His talent for leadership and his technical prowess have 
won him much recognition. In October, his name joined the 
ranks of Admiral Hyman Rickover, James Van Allen, David 
Packard, William Lear and Edwin Land when he received the 
Golden Omega Awatd. Given to "an outstanding person of 
science, engineering, education or industry who has made 
important contributions to technical progress, often related to 
the electrical, electronics field," the award is jointly sponsored 
by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the 
National Electrical Manufacturers Association and the Elec- 
trical Manufactuting & Coil Winding Association. As a 
mechanical engineer, Stempel is an unusual recipient. 
"I think it underscores the multidisciplinary 
approach to solving many of today's tech- 
nological problems," he says. 

Stempel is also a member of the Society of Automotive 
Engineers and the National Academy of Engineering, a Life 
Fellow of the Ametican Society of Mechanical Engineers, and 
a Fellow of the Engineering Society of Detroit. A trustee emer- 
itus of WPI, he received the university's Robert H. Goddard 
Award for Outstanding Professional Achievement in 1980. 

In November, he received the ASME's Soichiro Honda 
Medal, which recognizes significant engineering contributions 
in the field of personal transportation. At ECD, in a new lead- 
ership role, he continues a career that has placed him squarely 
at the front edge of personal automobile transportation for 
five decades. D 

— Morrison heads a full-service communications firm 

based in Sturbridge, Mass. 

Transformations I Winter 2002 3 1 

Joseph Gibson 

was awarded 
'. the 2000 DuPont 
Lavoisier Medal for Technical 
Achievement in recognition 
of discoveries made during his 
45-year career with DuPont. 
His contributions include the 
discovery of a high-temperature 
dry-dyeing process for textiles 
and improvements to synthetic 
fibers used for hosiery and 
pantyhose. He later established 
a method for finishing photo- 
polymer printing plates. 

Gibson retired from 
DuPont in 1991 with numerous 
patents and awards. The Joseph 
W. Gibson Award for Technical 
Excellence was established in 
his honor. 

Dwight Harris writes from 
his home fn Woodstock, N.Y., 
"No news is good news, with 
only occasional recollections 
of my four years at WPI." 

y^~ Joe Alekshun is 

^\ ■ "X a space systems 
_^ \*J engineer. He lives 
in Redondo Beach, Calif. 

f^ y"V Richard Bourne 

^^ V- I is co-owner of 
_^X _S Common Sense 
Computing Inc., in Belgrade 
Lakes, Maine, where he has 
lived year-round since 1987. 
The consulting company, 
founded in 1995, helps small 
businesses with IT solutions 
and advises them when 
technology isn't the answer. 

Winthrop Wassenar retired 
from Williams College as 
director of facilities manage- 
ment in June 2001. He started 
as assistant director of the phys- 
ical plant in 1964 and became 
director in 1983. He was the 
recipient of a Fulbright 
Fellowship for academic 

f -* Richard Vogel 

regrets that profes- 
V_-/ -1- sional obligations 
prohibited him from attending 
the 40th Class Reunion. He 
sends regards to the Class 
of 1961. 

/^^ Jesse Erlich con- 
■ "^ / tinues as a partner 
\*J 4mm > in the law firm of 
Perkins, Smith & Cohen, LLP 
of Boston, where he is a member 
of the firm's e-Commerce & 
Communications, Intellectual 
Property and Government 
Relations groups. His article 
"Mining the 'Federal Reserve' 
of Technology" appeared in 
the Febtuary 2001 issue of 
Chemical Engineering. 

Eric Gulliksen 

is a MEMS 
\J JL analyst at Venture 
Development Corp. His article 
"The Killer Application That 
May Eat Its Siblings" appeared 
in the March 1, 2001, issue of 
Solid State Technology. 

Joe LaCava and his wife, Beth, 
have come up with a unique 
business — renting out sections 
of their 10-acre farm to eager 

gardeners, who pav $300 for a 
pre-mulched plot. The LaCavas 
have scaled back operations at 
Flowering Field Farm in Colts 
Neck, N.J., where they used 
to grow and sell produce and 
flowers from their farm stand. 
Joe continues .is .i systems 
engineer ai Lucent Technologies 
and Beth is a part-time designer. 

Stan Szymanski retired after 37 
years with Hooker/Occidental 
Chemical and started his own 
consulting business, Stan 
Szymanski & Associates, in 
Addison, Texas. He continues 
as chairman of the International 
Council of Chemical Associa- 
tions' Responsible Care 
Leadership Group. 


Phil Baker won 

San Diego's 2001 
Ernst & Young 
Entrepreneur of the Year Award 
in the consumer products cate- 
gory. He is president of Think 
Outside Inc. and inventor of 
the Stowaway line of folding 
keyboards. Read more about 
his innovations at 

Peter Collette was awarded 
the ASTM Award of Merit — 

the American 
Society for 
Testing and 
honor. He 
was recog- 
nized for his work on national 
standards for plastic piping 
systems used in the distribution 
of fuel gas. Collette is manager 
of Gas Systems and Plants for 
PSE&G in Newark, N.J. 

Walter Henry joined CRESA 
Partners of Boston, a corporate 
real estate advisory firm, as 
director of project management. 
He lives in Marshficld. Mass. 

Phil Baker '65 won a 
2001 Ernst & Young 
Entrepreneur of the 
Year Award. 

I am qrateful that WPI qave me the chance 
to finish my degree. I really believe that it's 
never too late. I hope my story shows that 
perseverance is key in life. 

— Mercedeh Mirkazemi Ward '86, 

who completed her WPI degree in 1 997 


The Benoit family 
celebrated the 60th 
anniversary of 
Flame Treating and Engineering 
Co. (FTECO) last year. Presi- 
dent Tom Benoit runs the 
company founded in 1940 by 
his father, the late Leo Benoit 
'36, in an old horse barn. 
FTECO, in West Hartford, 
Conn., does localized heat 
treating of metal parts for 
clients in the automotive, 
printing and other industries. 

Robert Sinuc was appointed 
vice president of engineering at 
Plug Power Inc., a designer and 
developer of on-site electricity 
generation systems that use 
proton-exchange membrane 
fuel cells. 

Jack McCabe 

was picked to 
V^/ \J chair Nypro Inc.'s 
operations in Ireland and Wales. 
The former WRA (Worcester 
Redevelopment Authority) 
chairman was honored by the 
City Council for his 1 7 years 
of continuous service. He 
was involved in development 
projects totaling $1 billion, 
including the Worcester 
Common Outlets, Medical 
City and Union Station. 

Gregory Sovas became vice 
president of governmental affairs 
for Spectra Environmental 
Group in Latham, N.Y., after 
retiring as director of New York 
State's Division of Mineral 
Resources within the state's 
Department of Environmental 

~ , Rick Follett and 
V-l his wife of 32 
V^/ ^r years, Cheryl, 
moved to Tampa, Fla., last 
year, after 15 years in New 
Hampshire. Rick is director of 
applications at PLX Technology, 
based in Sunnyvale, Calif. He 
spends at least two weeks each 
month in California and the 
rest of his working time in St. 
Petersburg. Fla., where he heads 
up the East Coast office. Their 
daughter, Heidi, and her hus- 
band live in nearby Lutz. Their 
son, Parrick, is a college srudent 
in Charleston, S.C. 

Dom Forcella 

I was honored as 
\J Advisor of the 
Year at Central Connecticut 
State University. He advises 
the student-run radio station, 
WFCS 107.7, and hosts "The 
Road Hog," a two-hour show 
"playing blues to fatten your 
spirit." While at WPI, he was 
part of the first sports broadcast 
team on W1CN, reporting on 
football from the second floor 
of Alden Memorial. 

Randolph Sablich is director 
of commercial business develop- 
ment for General Dynamics 
Interactive in Needham, Mass. 

W -* George Block is 

president, chief 
/ _I_ engineer and 
corporation clerk of Tibbetts 
Engineering Corp. in 
Taunton, Mass. 

Mike Grady is executive vice 
president of engineering at 
Chinook Communications, a 
startup dedicated to developing 
and com- 
in the labs at MIT. Grady was 
previously CEO and co-founder 
of Argon Nerworks, which was 
later acquired by Siemens as 
part of the formation of 
Unisphere Networks. 

Bill Palmer is senior vice presi- 
dent for industrial marketing at 
Pall Corp., a provider of filtra- 
tion and separation products for 
scientific and industrial markets. 

Edward Gordon is 

living in Ashburn, 
/ _1_ Va., and working 
as a consultant for Cap Gemini 
Telecom. He married Linda 
Jayne Richardson of Plantation, 
Fla., in 1998, and was trans- 
ferred ro Virginia by his previous 
employer, EIS International. A 
senior member of IEEE, he is 
Partners' Program Chair for the 
2002 Sections Congress. Ed also 
received a service award for his 
work as associate editor for the 
IEEE NCAC Scanner, a news 
bulletin for the National 
Capital Area Council. 

Robert Lindberg was named 
senior vice president for defense 
programs at Orbital Sciences 

Vicki Cowart, 

, state geologist 
and director of 
rhe Colorado Geologic Survey, 
was elected president of the 
Association of American 
Srate Geologists. 

Anne McPartland Dodd was 

honored with a Jefferson Award 
from her hometown, Mont 
Vernon, N.H., for her dedica- 
tion to outstanding community 
and public service. An article 
in rhe Community Messenger 
cited her public work on com- 
mittees and community proj- 
ects, as well her quiet support 
for neighbors in need. Anne has 
sent weekly notes to encourage 
those struggling with serious 
illness and has organized every- 
thing from casseroles to e-mail 
chains to assist families facing 
crises. The Jefferson Award 
was created by the American 
Institute for Public Service to 
recognize "ordinary people who 
do extraordinary things without 
expectation or reward." 

David Kingsbury has a new 

grandchild. Timothy Richard 
Person, born Jan. 5, 2001, is 
the son of Richard '76 and 
Elana (Kingsbury) Person '98. 

Jeremy Jones is 

. vice president of 
/ \^ / new business at 
Cabot Microelectronics Corp. 
in Aurora, N.Y. 

Thomas McNeice was promot- 
ed to vice presidenr of CDM 
Engineers & Constructors Inc., 
a subsidiary of Camp Dresser & 
McKee. McNeice previously 
managed the company's North 
Performance Center, which 
encompasses New England and 
the Mid-Atlantic states. 

Transformations I Winter 200^ 


Farooq Ansari is 
/ president and 
owner of Ansari 
Builders in Westboro, Mass. 

Joseph Calagione and his wife, 
Lisa, have two daughters. They 
live in Milford, Mass., where Joe 
has been active in civic affairs. 

Lindsay Joachim is an attorney 
with Blatz, Pyfrom & Assoc, 
in Agowa, Calif. He recently 
secured a $1.5 million jury 
verdict after a monthlong trial 
involving a petroleum consultant 
judged negligent in supervising 
the drilling of a 7,000-foot oil 
well. The verdict will allow 
Joachim's client to recover an 
estimated 400,000 barrels of oil 
in the target reservoir. "After 
four weeks," Joachim writes, 
"the jury had bonded. When 
they heard that the judge used 
to wear a Hawaiian shirt under 
his robes on Friday, they all 
wore Hawaiian shirts on the last 
Friday of the case, then all of 
them wore black for the closing 
argument. That was a little 


John Bourassa 

joined the execu- 
tive board of the 
Quality Assurance Association 
of Maryland as an advisor. He 
earned the professional title of 
Certified Software Engineer 
from the Quality Assurance 
Institute and currently works 
for Lockheed Martin's 
Management & Data Systems 
as a staff systems engineer. John 
and his wife of 20 years, Jane, 
live in Perry Hall, Md., with their 
daughters, Gillian and Alicia. 
Peter Landry works for 
Diocesan Health Facilities as 
director of facilities develop- 
ment and planning. He lives 
in Little Compton, R.I. 

Michael O'Hara, president 
of The Mountain Star Group, 
a Minneapolis-based FPE firm, 
received the Construction 
Specifications Institute's 
Advancement of Construction 
Technology Award. The award 
was presented June 21, 2001, 
at a ceremony in Dallas. 

J/~\ Tom McClure is 

/ V- I operations manager 
_S ror Techsolve Inc.'s 
Machining Xcellence Division 
(formerly IAMS — Institute 
of Advanced Manufacturing 
Sciences). He was interviewed 
by Modern Applications News 
for a "Management Perspective" 
feature in the February 2001 

Don Patten holds the post of 
director of .corporate facilities, 
engineering and process safety 
at StockerYale Inc., an optical 
components manufacturer in 
Salem, N.H. 

/"V /""V David Drevinsky 

j is a program/proj- 
\*J V*/ ect manager with 
the government's General 
Services Administration office 
in Boston. He writes that he 
enjoys watching Nancy 
Pimental '87 on Comedy 
Central's "Win Ben Stein's 

Thomas Gellrich was named 
vice president of Elemica's 
Advanced Solutions Center. 
Last year, he helped create 
Elemica, a global e-marketplace 
for the chemical industry. 
He previously spent 1 5 years 
with ATOFINA Chemicals Inc., 
where he served as director 
of e-business. 

Daniel Itse is president of 
Christolferson Engineering 
in Frcemont, N.H. His article 
on NOx emissions appeared 
in the June 2001 issue of 
Hydrocarbon Processing. 
Andrew Pellcticr works for 
SeaChange in Greenville, N.I I. 


Scott Cloyd joined 
the Orlando, Fla., 
office of R.W. Beck 
as a management consultant. 

Roger Keilig is the new 

executive director of the Lake 
Sunapee (N.H.) Protective 
Association, a nonprofit devoted 
to identifying and eliminating 
pollution threats to the Lake 
Sunapee watershed. 

Noted scientist Olivia Pereira- 

Smith (Ph.D.) left Baylor 
University to join the University 
of Texas Health Science Center 
at San Antonio, along with her 
co-worker and husband, James 
Smith. She will continue her 
molecular and cytogenetic stud- 
ies on the process of cell aging, 
supported by a grant from the 
National Institute on Aging. 

Jeff Trask is the new vice 
president, government relations, 
for MEMA, the Motor & 
Equipment Manufacturers 
Association. Based in Wash- 
ington, D.C., he is charged 
with overseeing federal and state 
legislative and regulatory moni- 
toring, reporting and advocacy. 
He will also direct the agency's 
newly formed Government 
Affairs Committee. Jeff, who 
holds a law degree from 
Georgetown University, worked 
at the American Petroleum 
Institute since 1989. 

/~\ /^ Maureen Seils 
Ashley is on a 

' family leave of 
absence from IBM, where she 
was the ASICS synthesis team 
leader at the Burlington, Vt., 
facility. Maureen and her hus- 
band, Carl, enjoy living in 
Vermont with their "TNT" 
(teens 'n' toddler). Daughter 
Maura was born on Jan. 13, 
1 999, and was welcomed home 
by siblings Amber, Autumn 
and Nathan on a snowy, 
-20 degree day. 

Michael Bagley was promoted 
to chief strategist of UNIX 
Systems at Availant, the 
Cambridge, Mass., software 
firm where he has been 
employed since 1992. 

David Kelly, vice president 
of e-services for esoftsolutions, 
was appoint- 
ed to the 
Board of 
Accreditation Commission. 

/~\ /"^ Scott Behan joined 

^ *^fc Xemod Inc. as 
\— f ^_s vlce president for 
product development. 

David D'Addario works for 
the Mass Turnpike Authority 
and lives in Holyoke, where he 
has been active in local politics. 
He and his wife, Marjorie, 
have two children. 

Scott Nacey and his wife, 
Marybeth, announce the birth 
of their son, Michael John, born 
April 11, 2001, in Palo Alto, 
Calif., at a healthy, happy 
7 pounds 1 1 ounces. 

Rick Vatcher was appointed 
vice president and general man- 
ager of PRI Automation, head- 
quartered in Billerica, Mass. 

S~\ / William Abbott is 

operations manag- 
\^J J. er for Parkinson 
Technologies in Woonsocket, R.I. 

Betsy Barrows (MM.) retired 
from Gateway Regional High 
School in Huntington, Mass., 
in June 2001. She spent her 
entire career teaching math 
t here, along with her husband. 

Ken, a science teacher who 

retired two years ago. They live 
in Huntington and have two 
married daughters who live 
out ot state. 

Laurie Ortolano lives in 

I it( hlield. Conn., with her 
husband. Michael, .ind sons 

\tk had ami Vincent. 

34 Irani formations I Winter 2002 

Leslie Schur Pearson is 
now Leslie Schur Gottlieb 

following her marriage to 
Mark Gottlieb on May 20, 
2001. Leslie is a consultant 
for Spherion, specializing in 
software quality management, 
and Mark is a marketing and 
public relations consultant. 


Attorney Lori 
(Freeman) Cuomo 

handles patent, 
copyright and trademark cases 
for Greenblum and Bernstein, 
P.L.C. of Reston, Va. Her new 
daughter, Alexa Madison, 
joined sisters Juliana, 8, and 
Kylie, 5, on March 23, 2001. 

Mark DiNapoli directs Suffolk 
Construction's Special Projects 
Division from his office in 
South Boston's waterfront 
district. His typical day was 
profiled in New England Real 
Estate journal recently. 

Carl Sheeley is president of 
Fontarome Chemical in St. 
Francis, Wis. He joined the 
company in 1991 and was 
made vice president in 1997. 

Scott Favreau 

^ I "^ directs engineering 
\J V_</ services at Cognex 
Corp. He is completing an 
MBA at Babson College. 

Todd Vigorito chaired the 
annual Branford Festival and 
was profiled as Person of the 
Week in his hometown paper. 
A lifelong resident of Branford, 
Conn., (except for his years at 
WPI and a few years working 
in Wisconsin), he began helping 
with the weekend festival during 
his college days. Todd and his 
wife, Catherine, have two 
daughters, Lauren and Gabriella. 

Since she left WPI for 
California after her junior year, 
Mercedeh Mirkazemi Ward 

has married, had two children, 
pursued a career in toy design, 
and finally finished her WPI 
degree in 1997, only 11 years 
after she was due to graduate! 
While working for Mattel toys 
and raising two children, she 
took physics and calculus courses 
at Cal State to satisfy WPIs 
degree requirements. For her 
MQP (done long-distance, via 
phone and e-mail) Mercedeh 
and two other WPI students did 
an analysis of Talking Barbie's 
face mechanism, sponsored 
by her boss at Mattel. 

Mercedeh is now director 
of design for the Dolls/Girls 
Products division of JAKKS 
Pacific Inc. She and her 
husband, Bruce Ward, have 
two children, Kyle Alexander, 
and Arianna Nicole. "I am so 
proud to be a WPI graduate," 
she writes. "I am grateful that 
WPI gave me the chance to 
finish my degree, and I'm proud 
that my family stuck by me and 
helped me accomplish what I 
set out to do. I really believe 
that it's never too late. I hope 
my story will inspire some 
and teach that perseverance 
is key in life." 

Carol Wilder is working in 
worldwide business develop- 
ment for Intel in Sacramento, 
Calif. On Feb. 26, 2001, she 
adopted her daughter, Portia 
Elisabeth Feng-Ting, in 
Nanning, GuangXi, China. 

Dave and Jennifer 
(Adams) Brunell 

announce the 
arrival of Caterina Elizabeth on 
June 10, 2001, and Leia Olivia 
on June 11, 2001. Caterina was 
born at 9:26 p.m. at the 
University of Massachusetts 
Medical Center, only 1 1 min- 
utes after Dave and Jennifer 
pulled up to the ER, and her 
twin was born at UMass 
Memorial Hospital the next 
day, at 1 :30 in the morning. 

William Carroll has returned 
from the Midwest with his 
family to become the director 
of operations for Danaher Tool 
Group in Springfield, Mass., 
after 1 2 years with GE. 

Karyn VanDeMark Denker 

made the jump from academia 
to industry with a new job as 
associate scientist III at Biogen. 
She was a senior research 
technician and lab manager 
at Boston University Medical 
School's Cancer Research 
Center for almost 14 years. 
Her new job in Biogen's 
Molecular Technologies Group 
entails pulling out whole cDNA 
clones of genes involved in vari- 
ous disease models to provide 
researchers with necessary tools 
for developing targeted drug 
therapies. "It is my background 
in retrovirology, which began 
with my MQP at the Worcester 
Foundation for Experimental 
Biology, that got me this job!" 
she writes. 

Cheryl (Delay) Glanton and 

her husband, George, announce 
the birth of Megan Elizabeth 
on Dec. 2, 2000. "Our four 
children, Nathan, Andrew, 
Katherine and Megan, keep us 
happy and active," she writes. 


Jeffrey LaSalle 

(M.S. FPE) was 
appointed a share- 
holder at Ewing Cole Cherry 
Brott, where he leads fire pro- 
tection engineering operations. 
He lives in Hatboro, Pa. with 
his wife and three children. 

Rudolf Minar and his wife, 
Kara, had their first child 
on Jan. 19,2001. "Hayley 
Catherine has rapidly changed 
our cosmopolitan lifestyle 
(and one-bedroom Manhattan 
apartment), which we previ- 
ously shared only with our Jack 
Russell terrier, Topper," he 
writes. Rudolf works for CIBC 
World Markets, providing 
financial advice to networking 
and communications equipment 

companies. Kara is now a full- 
time mom, on sabbatical from 
her career as a White House 
special assistant to the presi- 
dent, press secretary to U.N. 
Ambassador Madeleine Albright 
and, most recently, media con- 
sultant to Sen. Hillary Clinton 
and others. 

Joe Musmanno lives in 
Medway, Mass., where he has 
been active in local politics. In 
his spare time he enjoys flying, 
designing robots, and playing 
drums in a local band called 

David Picard and his wife, 
Christine, are living happily 
in Framingham, Mass., with 
their son, Russell, who turned 
1 in June. 

Herman Purutyan is vice presi- 
dent of Jenike & Johanson Inc. 
in Westford, Mass. His article 
on pneumatic conveying systems 
for chemical process plants 
appeared in the April 2001 
issue of the AICHE journal 
Chemical Engineering 

Joshua Smith holds the post of 
chief technology officer at Kaon 
Interactive in Cambridge, Mass. 
He married Cherie Benoit on 
April 28, 2001. 

Julie (Peck) Trevisan writes 
that she and her husband, Jay, 
welcomed their first child, 
Zachary James, on May 15, 
2001. "I also made a career 
change last year to DataFlux, 
a subsidiary of SAS Institute, 
where I am a sales executive," 
she says. "We have been living 
in the Raleigh, N.C., area for 
six years now, and we are still 
loving the (almost) snowless 

Greg Woods and his wife, 
Kim, were overjoyed by the 
arrival of their son, Nicholas 
Henry, on Feb. 8, 2001. Greg 
is co-founder and vice president 
of Silver Oak Partners Inc. 
Kim recently left her job at 
Oracle Corp. to spend time 
with Nicholas. 

Transformations I Winter 2002 3 5 





Rolf Jensen & 
Associates pro- 
moted Joseph 

Cappuccio to engineering 
manager for the Washington, 
D.C., office. He joined the 
firm's Fairfax, Va., office in 
1992 and has been responsible 
for project management, code 
review and hazard analysis. 

Alison (Gotkin) Cotner is a 

product manager for Turnkey 
Manufacturing at K&M 
Electronics, a subsidiary of 
ITT Industries, in West 
Springfield, Mass. 

Jeffrey Goldmeer is a member 
of the Energy and Propulsion 
Technology Laboratory staff 
at General Electric's Corporate 
Research & Development 
Center in Niskayuna, N.Y., 
where he specializes in com- 
bustion research. 

Brian Horgan was promoted 
to process leader in the project 
management area of The 
United Illuminating Co., where 
he has worked for 12 years. 

William Hwang is a partner 
in the Roseland, N.J., law firm 
of Goodwin Procter, where 
he specializes in intellectual 
property and patent litigation. 

Danielle LaMarre is director 
of development for Carney 
Hospiral in Dorchester, Mass. 
She has held similar positions 
at YouthBuild USA and the 
Make-A-Wish Foundation. 

Kenneth Merrow works for 
Trumbull-Nelson Construction 
in Hanover, N.H., where his 
projects have included work on 
area ski lodges and resorts. 

Adam Pease's wedding to Agnes 
Ramos took place on the beach 
in Bodega Bay, Calif., in August 
2000, with David Rothkopf 
'90 as best man. Adam is a 
program manager and director 
of Knowledge Systems at 
Tcknowledge in Palo Alto, and 
Agnes is a physical therapist. 

Tenor Jean-Pierre Trevisani 

returned to Worcester last 
spring to perform for the WPI 
President's Advisory Council 
and to sing in a concert with 
the Salisbury Lyric Opera in All 
Saints Episcopal Church. Since 
completing his training in Paris, 
he has been appearing with the 
French national opera company 
and the Bastille Opera. 

David Wright spent a year and 
a half on the startup of ccrd 
partners' new Richmond, Va., 
office, and was then promoted 
to associate and put in chatge 
of the office's EE Department. 
Ccrd is a consulting firm that 
specializes in healthcare design. 
David and his wife, Lisa, had 
had a second son, Preston 
Lloyd, on May 22, 2001. 
His older brother, Zachary, is 
excited about having someone 
to play with. 

Kevin Bowen 

I and his wife, Janet, 
^/ \J announce the birth 
of Jessica Lynn on May 13, 
2001. "Big brothet Ryan, now 
2, continues to be helpful in 
caring for Baby Jess," he writes. 

Renee Messier Carroll (M.S. 
CH) is manager of regulatory 
affairs at ViaCell Inc. in 

Tom Cummings works for 
Heidelberg as sales representa- 
tive for the Northeast region. 
He's been with the printing 
company since 1989 and previ- 
ously managed its South region. 

Eric Lindgren was promoted to 
CIO at Honeywell Automotive 
Products Group in Danbury, 
Conn. He married Ellen 
Waychowsky last fall. 

Stuart Pearson married Sarah 
Vert/ on Feb. 10, 2001. They 
live in South Portland. Maine, 
and he works ai Harding E.S.E. 

Ronald Skoletsky and bis wife, 
Marie Morel-Seytoux, announce 

the birth ot a daughter, Frcya 
Shai, on Sept. 10, 2000. 


Navy Lt. 




completed a six-month deploy- 
ment to the Mediterranean Sea 
and the Arabian Gulf aboard 
the guided missile destroyer 
U.S.S. Stethem. 

Anup Ghosh was promoted 
to vice president of research at 
Cigital, a software risk manage- 
ment company in Dulles, Va. 
He is the author of two books 
on e-commerce security and a 
member of the advisory board 
of Toravis: The Digital Identity 

Timothy Kearney joined 
LandMark Design as an 

Jeffrey Link earned a doctorate 
in organic chemistry last year 
at Montana State University, 
Bozeman, where he was named 
teaching assistant of the year. 
He and his wife, Christina, have 
a 3-year-old daughter, Rebecca. 

David Marshall and his wife, 
Neha Parekh, had a daughter, 
Sareena, on June 27, 2001. 
She is their first child. David 
is an information specialist at 
Electronic Data Systems. 
They live in Houston. 

Eric O'Connor was promoted 
to software architect at Avolent 
Inc. in San Francisco, where he 
has been living and working for 
two years. 

George Oulundsen is an R&D 

scientist at Lucent Technologies 
in Sturbridge, Mass. He married 
Carole Sekreta in 1995. They 
have two sons — Ted, born in 
1997, and Owen, born in 2000. 
George received a Ph.D. in 
chemical engineering from UMass 
Amherst in September 1999. 

Jim Wilkinson is director of 
product support engineering at 
SolidWorks Corp. in Concord, 
Mass. I le spends the lest of his 
time hiking, skiing and working 
on t.ns. I hi the latest and greatest 
on Jim and Ins v, lie. Pat, check 

Carraway graduat- 
ed from Harvard 
Business School with the Class 
of 2000. She is a commodity 
manager for airfoils at Pratt & 

Edward Connor earned an 
M.S. in administrative studies 
at Boston College and is 
working at the University of 
Massachusetts Lowell. 

Rich Corley (M.S.) co-founded 
Pirus Networks, where he holds 
the post of vice president of 
technology and vision. The 
Acton, Mass., company creates 
carrier-class storage and IP 
networking systems. 

David Cote was promoted to 
vice president of technology and 
operations at Tandem Financial 
Services. He has been with the 
company for seven years and 
lives in Stoughton, Mass. 

Gregory Ghosh transferred to 
the Raleigh, N.C., office of Rolf 
Jensen & Associates, where he 
now serves as associate manager. 
He worked in the company's 
Atlanta office for the previous 
five years. 

Valerie (Kschinka) Mason and 

her husband, Michael, had a 
son, Nicholas Angelo, on Nov. 
13, 2000. He joins his brother, 
Michael, who is two years 
his senior. 

Sean Moore married Jennifer 
Claus, a Michigan State grad, 
on Sept. 9, 2000. Attending the 
wedding in Falmouth, Mass., 
were classmates Al Casagrande. 
Keith Picthall and Robert 
Tarr, along with Sharon 
Savage '91. 

3 6 Transformations I Winter 2002 

Loan Ngo married in August 
1998 and switched careers in 
September 2000. She received 


her MBA from the University 
of North Carolina Kenan- 
Flagler Business School in 
Augusr 2001, shortly after 
earning her Six Sigma Black 
Belt certification through 
Honeywell International Inc. 
Her current position is after- 
market business manager for 
the company's hydromechanical 
controls product line, a division 
of the Aerospace Engine & 
System business unit. She and 
her husband, John Jones, live 
in New York City. 

Bill White married Tonya 
Russillo, a co-worker at Hasbro, 
Sept. 30, 2000. They live in 
Attleboro, Mass. 

f"V /^ Christopher 

l Arsenault works 
^/ % _/ at Unisphere 
Networks in Westford, Mass. 

Aimee Brock and Rod White 
announce the birth of Alesha 
Marie White on Jan. 18, 2001. 

Tracy Coifrnan is earning an 
executive global MBA through 
a new joint program of the 
Columbia Business School and 
the London Business School. 
As part of the inaugural class 
of 2003, he attends one week 
of classes each month for 20 
months, alternating between 
New York City and London. 
Tracy resides in Puerro Rico, 
where he is vice president of 
Able International/Tril Export 
Corp. of P.R. His e-mail address 

Sherri Curria received her mas- 
ter's degree in civil and environ- 
mental engineering from Tufts 
in February 2001. 

Shannon Gallagher and 
Daniel Beauregard '94 ('96 
M.S.) were married Oct. 28, 
2000. They live in Acton, Mass. 

Public Eye 


'■** "3 

W 1m 

%■ m 


) ~m 

■ -flife! 

W Bp 

■ , 

Alfred Grasso (M.S.C.S.) was 
promoted ro senior vice presi- 
dent and 
manager of 
Center for 
Control, and Communications, 
also known as C 3 . He was for- 
merly chief information officer, 
in charge of infrastructure and 
informarion resources. 

Eric Keener is an actuary 
for Hewitt Associates of 
Norwalk, Conn. 

Air Force Capt. Eric Koe 
has been assigned to the 7th 
Special Operations Squadron 
at RAF Mildenhall in 
Cambridge, England. 

John Lauffer married Lisa 
Fontaine on Aug. 31, 2000, 
at Les Chapelles de Paris, 
Las Vegas. He works for 
AC Technology Corp. in 
Uxbridge, Mass. 

Philip and Rhonda Ring 
Marks had a daughrer, Caroline 
Joy, on April 23, 2000. 

Kern Narva of Shrewsbury, 
Mass., married Heather 
Roubian recently. 

Christopher Supple works for 
G.H. Bass and lives in South 
Portland, Maine. He married 
Sherri Curley on Sept. 30, 

John B. Scalzi '38 got more publicity than he bargained for when 

confused him with John M. Scalzi II (no relation), edi- 
tor of Rough Guide to Money Online, which doubtless got more 
hits than Scalzi's works on bridge construction. John B. Scalzi, who 
goes by "Jack," also wrote Double Talk, a self-published quiz book of 
more than 1,100 colloquial American expressions . . . Fred Costello '59 
appeared on the WCVB news program in a segment 

called "Zoomers," which celebrated the new superactive retirement 
generation . . . Aram Mooradian '59, founder of Novalux, was 
profiled in a recent article called "Beam On: Want your own 

private fiber node? Has Novalux got an extended-cavity surface- 
emitting laser for you!" ... V spotlighted Nancy Pimental '87 
in a column called "10 Comics to Watch." Nancy made a name for 
herself as a writer on "South Park" and as co-host of "Win Ben Stein's 
Money" on the Comedy Central cable network. She also has a movie in 
the works. The Sweetest Thing (her screenplay), a romantic comedy 
staring Cameron Diaz, is due from Sony in March . . . John Lombardi 
'90 won his second R&D 1 00 Award from magazine for 
Aquacore, a water-soluble, lightweight and environmentally friendly 
mandrel material designed for use in the manufacture of high-end 
composites. His 2000 R&D Award (featured in the Spring 2000 
WPI Journal) was for Aqua-Port, a polymer blend used in rapid 
prototyping . . . Nick Walker '95 had a hand in animating 
PDI-Dreamworks' summer 2001 box office hit. He's working on an 
IMAX version of the movie . . . His novel job title, "First Geek," 
earned Jason Wilson '01 newspaper coverage in the (Worcester) 
te and a TV interview with N 
! anchor R.D. Stahl on "New England This Evening." 
Wilson provides IT support to the Brookline, Mass., MATCH School. 
He is funded by Geeks for America, a Cambridge-based 
philanthropic organization. 

Transformations I Winter 2002 3 7 

I WPI Bookshelf 


Electronic Medical Records: 
Optimizing Use in the 
Medical Practice 

by John J. Janas III, M.D. '79 and 

The Coker Group 

Coker Publishing 


Janas is a physician with Family Care 
of Concord and medical director, 
physician information services, for 
Capital Region Health Care in Concord, N.H. 
His book is designed to help physicians improve efficiency through 
the advanced use of electronic medical records. Topics include 
choosing a system, capturing data and meeting documentation- 
compliance requirements. 

Digital Watermarking 

by Jeffrey Bloom '87 (M.S.E.E. '90), 

Ingemar Cox and Matthew Miller 

Morgan Kaufmann Publishers 



Digital watermarking technology is a vital 
element in the copyright protection of digital 
materials. It can be used to prevent illegal 
copying of images and video or audio files, 
and also has applications in broadcast monitoring and the recording 
of electronic transactions. This text explains the theoretical principles 
that govern diverse applications of the technology and reports new 
research findings in the field. Bloom, who earned his Ph.D. at the 
University of California, Davis, is a researcher in digital watermarking 
at Sarnoff Corp. in Princeton, N.J. 

Security & Privacy for E-Business 

by Anup K. Ghosh '91 

John Wiley & Sons 

"When it comes to e-commerce security, it's 
all about the software," says Ghosh, who 
also wrote E-Commerce Security: Weak 
Links, Best Defenses (1 998). "The solutions 
for privacy and security lie deeper than 
the perimeter — beyond firewalls and encryptation tools. E-business 
systems have to be engineered from the ground up with security, 
reliability and privacy in mind." Ghosh is Cigital's director of security 
research and a frequent lecturer and consultant on e-security. 

3 8 Transformations I Winter 2002 

Tracy Adamski 

joined the Pioneer 
JL Valley Planning 
Commission in West Springfield, 
Mass., as senior planner, envi- 
ronment and land use. 

Kurt Asplund married Anne 
O'Sullivan recently. He is a 
structural engineer for Frederic 
Harris Inc. in Providence, R.I. 

Bill Blanc hard married Kara 
Giove on Nov. 4, 2000. They 
live on Long Island's south 
shore in the village of Blue 
Point. Kara is starting a career 
as a high school math and 
physics teacher. Bill continues 
as a highway designer at Dunn 
Engineeting Associates. 

Brian Card works for Allied 
Waste Industries as a regional 

Jaret Christopher married 
Tracey Hare recently. He contin- 
ues as CEO of True Advantage 
Inc., in Westboro, Mass. 

Kenneth Cordio is a process 
engineer at BD Opthalmic 
Systems in Waltham, Mass. 

Peter Demarest earned his 
Ph.D. in aerospace engineering 
at the University of Texas at 
Austin. He works for A.I. 
Solutions in Lanham, Md., 
as a mission analyst. 

Roberto Diaz was married to 
Megan Argue recently. He is 
an outside plant engineer for 
Verizon in Manchester, N.H. 

Ted Dysart was named princi- 
pal at the Greenwich, Conn., 
office of the executive search 
firm Heidrick & Struggles 
International. His commentaries 
on corporate governance have 
appeared in The New York 
Times and The Wall Street 
Journal, and on CNN and 

Brandon Emanuel informed 

us in August ot his upcoming 
marriage to Jennifer Harper. 

Following the Oct. 20, 2001, 
wedding, they were planning 
a honeymoon in Prague and 
I dinburgh, Brandon is .i U.S. 
Navy flight officer. 
Joseph (.ilTorcl is ,i develop- 
ment cngineei with I si ilter. 
I le is working on an M.S in 

chemical engineering at the 
University of Massachusetts. 

Steven Johnson works for the 
George B.H. Macomber Co., 
where he was recently promoted 
to assistant project manager. 
He joined the Boston-based 
construction company in 1997. 

Brion Keagle and Pamela 
Parenteau of Leominster, 
Mass., were married in 1996. 
They celebrated the birth of 
their first child, Abigail Mary, 
on March 25, 2001. Brion is 
NT server manager at Concord 
Communications and Pamela is 
taking some time off to be a 
full-time mom after enjoying 
several years as a biotech scien- 
tist at Aventis Pharmaceuticals. 
Their e-mail addresses are and 

Jean (Henault) Kennamer and 

her husband, David, announce 
the birth of their first child, 
Christina Elise, on April 16, 
2001. Jean is employed as a 
public works engineer for the 
town of Derry, N.H. 

Christopher Newell is a 

mechanical engineer at Smith & 
Nephew Inc., in Andover, Mass. 

Yvonne (Bergstrom) Proulx 

is a senior quality engineer at 
Abbott Bioresearch Center. 
She and her husband, Jeffrey, 
were married Feb. 12, 2000, 
and live in Grafton, Mass. 

Chuck Scholpp and Elaine 
Matson were wed April 28, 
200 1 . After an "awesome 
101-day round-the-world 
honeymoon." which included 
stops in Australia, Asia and 
Europe, Chuck began his first 
year at the Kellogg School ot 
Management, where he is pur- 
suing an MBA and an MEM 
(master's in engineering man- 
agement). Elaine works from 
their Evanston. III., home as 
.1 senior project manager lor 
( IkkJIearn. 

Todd Sullivan became an asso- 
ciate .ii the Manchester, N.H., 
law firm ol Devine, Millimet 
& Branch, in the < orpoi ii 
I )epartment, specializing in 
intellectual property, e-com 
mi n e, patent prosecution and 

u.itlem.irk ic-i'isti.ninn. 

James Beardsley 

V- I married Michelle 

^} Dutremble, Oct. 8, 
2000. He graduated from the 
University of Maine School of 
Law and is serving in the U.S. 
Marine Corps in North 

Kevin Callery is associate 
manager of the Boston office 
of Rolf Jensen & Associates. 

Jennifer (Anderson) Crock 

and her husband, Kail, 
announce the birth of Nathan 
James, June 6, 2001. 

Nathaniel Fairbanks of 

Worcester wed Heathet 
Adamiak recently. 

Scott Lewis is an immunology 
production control supetvisor 
at Biosource/QCB in Hop- 
kinton, Mass. 

Charlie McTague works at 
Enterasys Networks in 
Rochester, N.H. He and his 
wife, Shana, live in Plaistow. 

Katherine Mello married Jesse 
Tuomisto on Aug. 19, 2000. 
She works at Camp Dresser & 
McKee and lives in Cumber- 
land, R.I. 

Dominic Meringolo works for 
Aquatic Control Technology. He 
married Kelli Mahoney recently. 

Eric Pearson was promoted 
to eCommerce officer at 
Enterprise Bank and Trust Co. 
in Chelmsford, Mass. 

John Pelliccio married 
Laura Lasko on Oct. 8, 2000. 
He works for Raytheon in 
Marlboro, Mass., as a senior 

Obadiah Plante is a graduate 
student at MIT doing research 
on a new method of oligosac- 
charide synthesis. He received 
a fellowship from the American 
Chemical Society's Division of 
Organic Chemistry, sponsored 
by Pfizer. 

Stephanie Richard works for 
BICCGeneral Cable Industries 
in Lincoln, R.I. 

Cory Shimer works for Quan- 
tum Bridge Communications 
in Andover, Mass. 

Pamela Simmons and 
Bryant Obando were married 
in Acton, Mass., whete they 
now reside. She is a validation 
engineer at Genetics Institute, 
and he is a software developer 
at Battelle Memorial Institute. 

Scott Stoddard joined 
Columbia Construction Co. 
in North Reading, Mass., as 
an assistant project manager. 

Matthew Tessier works for 
MDR Construction in 
Tewksbury, Mass. 

%2nd Lt. Jason 
Armstrong is a 
robotics engineer at 
the Air Force Research Labora- 
tory at Tyndall AFB in Panama 
City, Fla. 

Keith Barrett was promoted 
to vice president of technology 
and chief technology officer 
at, an invest- 
ment software company in 
Maynard, Mass. 

Joseph Batcha is a financial 
analyst for Pequot Capital 
Management in Westport, 
Conn. He and his wife, Kelly, 
had a daughter, Grace 
Catherine, on April 30, 2001. 

Lorie (Guay) Bender and her 

husband, Sandy, had a son, 
Travis Ryan, on June 19, 2001. 
Lorie left her job at Pratt & 
Whitney after five years of 
employment to be a stay-at- 
home mother. They live in 
Lebanon, Conn. 

Joshua Bennett graduated with 
high distinction from Ohio 
Northern University's Pettit 
College of Law, earning his 
Juris Doctor. 

Jason Berube runs the 
Somerset Creamery in Bourne, 
Mass., a branch of the Swansea 
ice cream parlor founded by his 
grandfather in 1937. His parents 
took over in 1981 and have 
continued making some 40 
homemade flavors — including 
the cranberry/chocolate/walnut 
combination that Jason created 
for the Cape Cod store. 

After 23 yeats, Douglas 
Borden (MME) left the Coast 
Guard, which he most recently 
served as a physics instructor at 
the Coast Guard Academy. 
Before the ink on his retirement 
cettificate was dry, he was asked 
to become the first member of a 
new team assigned to the Coast 
Guard's Future Force 21 effort, 
to redesign the Coast Guard's 
human resources systems to 
meet the needs of the 21st cen- 
tury. He is now employed by 
DynCorp Information and 
Enterprise Technology Inc. 

Greta Boynton graduated from 
the Univetsity of Massachusetts 
Medical School in June. She is 
now serving a three-year resi- 
dency in internal medicine at 
Baystate Medical Center in 
Springfield, Mass. 

Dr. Teri (Burrows) Brehio 

joined the medical practice at 
Hillsborough Family Health in 
Hillsborough, N.H. She is a 
graduate of the University of 
Massachusetts Medical School. 

Frederick Coleman joined the 
family construction business 
founded by his father, Fred Sr., 
in 1979. Coleman Construction, 
based in Pelham, N.H., was 
profiled in New England 
Constructions, July 9, 2001 

Eric Dubois works at Promega 
Corp. in Madison, Wis. 

Kimberlie Heath works at 
Medtronic Inc., in Danvers, 

Daniel Horgan works for 
Unerectors Inc., in Dorchester, 
Mass. He is working on an 
MBA at Nottheastern. 

Laurie LeBlanc works for 
Haartz Corp. in Acton, Mass. 

Todd Marks and Sara 
Truscinski were married Oct. 
21, 2000. He is a project 
engineer at Barton Malow 
in Charlottesville, Va. 

New Novel 


Gerry Axelrod '69 and Patton 
Abbe '70 (with help from 
Dick Schwartz '70), an online 
catalog of more than 1 0,000 
hard-to-find hinges and cabinet 
hardware, specializing in European 
cup hinges. Unique locator forms to 
help users match existing designs. 

Deerfield Beach, Fla. 


"To set to rest the age-old question, 
'Honey? When are you going to fix 
that *#!@~* door?'" 

Web site: 


Michael Savage '86 (MS '88) and 

wife, Donna Savage 


Savage Fitness Inc. Unique products 
for weightlifters and aerobic exercis- 
ers, including water holders, reading 
racks and mats. A new line called 
"Go Figure" features weightlifting 
equipment ergonomically designed 
for women . 

Sutton, Mass. 


"Virtually all strength equipment is 
designed for MEN!!! We don't need 
to lift as much weight as men, we 
don't want to get 'bulky,' and we 
DON'T want to exercise in a cold, 
damp basement on a 7 ft. contrap- 
tion that takes up an entire room." 

Web site: 


Steve Hocurscak '00 

Blue Pumpkin Recording Studios 

An offshoot of Blue Pumpkin 
Productions, the theatrical pro- 
duction company run by Marc 
and Susan Smith. 


Lower level, Worcester Common 


Originally designed to cater to the 
special needs of a capella groups, 
the 16-track studio has since expand- 
ed to handle every other imaginable 
recording need. Equipment rentals 
are available. 

Web site: 





Marie Murphy married David 
Cuneo recently. She works for 
QCB, a division of Biosource 
International. After a honey- 
moon in Greece, the couple 
lives in Minneapolis. 
Richard Person and Elana 
(Kingsbury) Person '98 had 
a son, Timothy Richard, on 
Jan. 5, 2001. His grandfather, 
David Kingsbury, is an alum 
from the Class of 1975. 

John Reynolds was appointed 
product manager at Riverdale 
Mills Corp., a manufacturer 
of wire mesh products for the 
marine, agriculture and con- 
struction markets. He lives in 
Sterling, Mass. 

Sarah Mcllhenny White is 

team leader of the nondestruc- 
tive testing team at Los Alamos 
National Laboratory. Her group 
specializes in radiography. 


Thomas Burns 

joined Consigli 
Construction as a 
project manager to manage con- 
struction on the East Brookfield 
(Mass.) Elementary School. 

Michael DeU'Orfano (M.S. 
FPE) married Shelley Weinand, 
May 27, 2000. He works for 
the fire department in 
Thornton, Colo. 

Joshua Gaucher joined Cutler 
Associates as an assistant project 

Katherine Horning is a design 
drafter at Cutler Associates. She 
lives in Worcester. 

Jennifer Kelly and Matthew 
Wingate were married in 2000. 
She is a CVS pharmacist; he 
works for Epic Therapeutics. 
They live in Marlboro, Mass. 

Robert King married Jennifer 
Costa, Jan. 1 , 2000. He works 
for Roller Bearing Company 
of America. 

Jeffrey Kulesza works at 
Allegro MicroSystems in 
Concord, N.H. He married 
Erin Krupski, a Bcntley College 
grad. recently. 

Gary Leanna (G) married 
Shelley Desroches recently. He 
works for Boston Scientific and 
lives in Holden, Mass. 

Sean O'Hearn is a design engi- 
neer at Garrett Engine Boosting 
Systems in Torrance, Calif. 

Philip Roy is a mechanical 
design engineer at US Surgical 
Corp. in North Haven, Conn. 

Bill Spratt is director of public 
works in Clinton, Mass., where 
he lives with his wife, Dawn, 
and their daughter, Alison. 

The Navy promoted Nicole 
Treeman to lieutenant and 
assigned her to the Surface 
Officer School at Naval 
Education and Training 
Command in Newport, R.I., as 
an instructor for the Division 
Officer Course. After a six- 
month deployment to the 
Middle East aboard the USS 
Laboon last year, she brought 
her mother aboard for a "tiger 
cruise" — a Navy tradition. 
Crew members returning from 
overseas deployments invite 
relatives to sail with them on 
an overnight cruise. 

Jayson Wilbur earned a mas- 
ter's degree in mathematical 
sciences at Purdue, where he is 
now working on a doctorate in 
statistics. He married Stephanie 
Nuland recently. 

John Woodsmall works for 
Sampson Engineers Inc. in 
Peabody, Mass. He married 
Amy Flynn recently. 

W /""\ Sherry Lynn 

Ashby is a chemi- 
^/ V-J cal engineer at 
Millipore in Bedford, Mass. 

Air Force 2nd Lt. Matthew 
Craig is stationed at Columbus 
AFB in Mississippi. 

Lisa Giassi married Wayne 
Butler last year. She is pursuing 
a doctorate in chemical engi- 
neering at the University of 
Virginia in Charlottesville; he is 
a the Bii.u , I le.ul Inn. 

David Melton earned a master's 
degree in civil engineering from 
Tufts in May 
2001 and 
began his 
studies at 
the Tulane 
School of Medicine in July. 
He spent the two months in 
between as a Paul Alexander 
Memorial Fellow with the inter- 
national nonprofit organization 
Management Sciences for 
Health. His fellowship involved 
designing a system for collecting 
and reporting health data in the 
Eastern Cape Province of South 
Africa. As part of his master's 
degree, he completed a research 
project for the Massachusetts 
Department of Public Health 
Bureau of Communicable 
Disease Control and authored 
a report on the epidemiology 
of childhood pneumococcal 

Constance Pappagianopoulos 

designs air conditioning systems 
for aerospace manufacturer 
Hamilton Sunstrand. 

David Smiley married Karen 
Mady, Sept. 16, 2001. They live 
in Herndon, Va. 


Nicole Boosahda 
and Algis Norke- 
vicius '96 of 

Plymouth, Mass., were married 
June 9, 2001. She works for 
Brooktrout Technology, and 
he works for Titleist Foot Joy 

Brendan FitzPatrick earned a 
master's degree in civil engineer- 
ing at Virginia Tech in February 
200 1 . He is now a staff engi- 
neer at Geopier Foundation Co. 
in Blacksburg, Va. 

Patricia Gray ('01 MBA) 
joined Cenc Machines as vice 
president ol development. 

Misha Katz left to 
finish his degree in computer 
science at WPI. 

Jennifer Kimball and Justin 
Robbins '00 were married last 
year. She is a chemical engineer 
at IBM Micro Electronics; he is 
a member of the bioengineering 
department at the Univetsity of 
Vermont in Burlington, where 
he specializes in toxicology 

Mark Manasas (M.S. ME) is 
a team leader of spinal device 
development at Tensegra Inc., 
a medical device startup in 
Norwood, Mass. He and his 
wife, Sarah Felton, were married 
on June 23, 2001. 

/"V /"\ Jennifer Cobb 

j works for Teradyne 
\J \J as a planner in the 
Nashua, N.H., office. 

Carla Corrado continues at 
Sun Microsystems, where she 
graduated from its Best of the 
Best training program and was 
promoted from product support 
engineer to high-availability 
suppott engineer. 

Greg Halloran is a mechanical 
engineer in the Nashua, N.H., 
office of Tetadyne. 

Joseph Hausmann lives in 
West Bath, Maine, and works 
for Wright-Pierce as an environ- 
mental engineer. 

Efthemios Kotsiopoulos joined 
George B.H. Macomber Co. as 
a project engineer. 

Jesse Mattern works at Eprise 
in Framingham, Mass. He mar- 
ried Sarah Haynes last year. 

Jason Tomforde (M.S. CS) of 
Billcric.i. Mass.. works for Cisco 

40 Transformations I Winter 2002 

Our daughter's birth has rapidly 
changed our cosmopolitan lifestyle 

(and one-bedroom Manhattan apartment), 
which we previously shared only with our 
Jack Russell terrier, Topper. 

— Rudolf Minar '88 

Graduate Management 

Retired U.S. Army Corps of 
Engineers Lt. Col. Dennis 
Webster '83 (MBA) lives in 
Jamestown, R.I. Since retiring 
from the COE in 1991, he 
has been active in local and 
civic affairs. 

Donna Akiyoshi '97 (MBA) 
is a research assistant professor 
in the Division of Infectious 
Diseases at Tufts School of 
Veterinary Medicine. She is 
working on two projects funded 
by the EPA and the NIH. 

Master of Natural 

Jerry Jasinski '68, chemistrv 
professor at Keene State 
College, was the first recipient 
of the KSC Award for Faculty 
Distinction in Research and 
Scholarship. A faculty member 
since 1979, he also coaches the 
track team. 

Judith Kiernan Sweeny '81 

joined the faculty of Illinois 
Institute of Technology as a 
senior lecturer in the newly 
formed department of math 
and science education. She 
collaborates with the Chicago 
Public Schools to create a 
model program for secondary 
math and science education in 
urban public schools and works 
closely with the Young Women's 
Leadership Academy, a newly 
formed charter school on the 
ITT campus. 

Mark Siemaszko '90 chairs 
the science department at 
Leominster High School. His - 
efforts to keep his classes enter- 
taining, and the countless hours 
he dedicates to the FIRST 
robotics competition, led his 
principal to dub him a "Pied 
Piper" when it comes to kids. 
The Worcester Telegram & 
Gazette reported on some of 
his unusual teaching tactics in 
a May 7, 2001, profile. 

School of Industrial 

Earl Berry '67 of Holden, 
Mass., was elected chair of 
the Service Corps of Retired 
Executives, Worcester Chapter 
173. He is the retired treasurer 
of Woodbury & Co. of 

Barry Huston '81 is vice presi- 
dent and director of field opera- 
tions for National Grid USA's 
Distribution Group. 

James Rouse '97 was appointed 
president of Micron Products, 
a subsidiary of Arrhythmia 
Research Technology. He joined 
the company from Jarvis 
Surgical in 1996 and previously 
served as plant manager. 

Douglas Johnson '00 is chief 
operating officer and managing 
director of Newcare Inc., a 
disposable medical products 
company in Cheshire, Conn. 

at's News? 

Please let us hear from you with news of your career 

marriage, family, address change — whatever. 

Why not send us a photo of yourself for publication. 

And, please include your spouse's full name when 

sending wedding or birth announcements. 

Check preferred mailing address. 

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Personal/career news for Transformations _ 

Mail— Alumni Editor, Transformations, WPI, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609-2280 

Fax— 508-831 -5820 E-mail— 

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Due to publication schedules, your news might not appear in print for 3-6 months from receipt. 


ir%® i ^zsaJ W 1 ^St^H 

1 *^j 

i» 'i, W j| 

Treading Lightly at Ground Zer 


On the morning of Sept. 1 1 , Tom Carr '96, a volunteer with 
the Urban Search and Rescue Team of Massachusetts Task Force 1 
(MATF-1 ), was summoned to the unit's Beverly, Mass., post to await 

orders from FEMA. 
By afternoon, he 
was on his way to 
New York City for a 
weeklong deployment 
at Ground Zero. 
From the eerie quiet 
of the bus ride into 
the city, under police 
escort, to his first 
glimpse of the now 
unrecognizable remains of the World Trade Center, the experience 
changed him to the core of his being — in ways he is still discovering. 

MATF-1 trainee Chad Council '96, who was recruited by Carr, stayed 
behind to maintain 24-hour telephone and e-mail contact between 
families and task force members. Dave Andrade '92, a paramedic 
with American Medical Response, treated injured civilians and rescue 
workers from a makeshift field hospital at the Staten Island Ferry's 
Manhattan terminal. (Read his story at 
/2001091 3g.html.) Others waited on standby to treat casualties at 
their local hospitals. "As the day unfolded," says Dr. Bruce Minsky '77 , 
"we realized that we would not be receiving any patients and we 
understood what that meant. Nothing is more difficult for a 
physician than to not be able to offer assistance." 

Rather then digging through the rubble, Carr, who is trained as a tech- 
nical information specialist, was assigned to observe and document 
operations at Ground Zero in a detailed record. "My job can breed a 
sense of helplessness at times," he admits. 'There isn't a person on the 
crew who didn't want to get in there and make a find." As he stood 
by taking notes, Carr struggled to remember the importance of his 
role. "I exist to make sure that we learn as much as possible from this 
operation," he explains. "By doing my job, I'm going to enable us 
to do things better later on." 

Carr quickly realized that it takes great sensitivity to be pointing a 
camera around so much death and destruction. 'Those on the scene 
needed to know that we were doing this as documentation for the 
permanent record — not as a bunch of tourists snapping pictures," 
he says. Only during breaks and downtime did the emotional impact 
of the tragedy creep in. "You reach a certain point when you stop 
consciously thinking about it, because it's so overwhelming," says Carr. 
'Training and autopilot kick in, and you just go and do what you have 
to do. After a few hours of downtime, things would flash back, like 
the stench and char and chaos. None of us really slept well the first 
part of the week." 

Back home in Massachusetts, Carr first took a long shower — after a 
week of washing in a forest service trailer. Next, he spent some quiet 
time alone. His weekend plans — to attend Homecoming with his 
WPI friends — seemed as if they'd been made years ago. Instead, 
he attended a Critical Incident Stress Debriefing on the weekend after 
his return. The less-glamorous task of filling out paperwork and 
putting together an incident report followed. 

For more information on MATF-1 , go to The site includes an online application, but cautions that there is already a waiting list for many positions. 
FEMA's Web site is 

A case of star-crossed lovers . . . 

Bob Beliveau '91 m 

•vhen Bob jumped over a 
leg while getting the house ready for a gathering of close friends foiled 
wedding recc; 

. . . and mistaken identity 

i abovl Chris Mello '9c 
■ was aboard Amc 

.'ooWe The two were etc*- in 090. hod 
Soiton area. Oddly enow 
been on one of 

I been postponed by two v. - 


«*ould have 

. ■ I 

_jks following the 
between President Edward Alton I 
Washington, Denmark, Hong Kong, Guatemala, < 
to report how they and their loved ones fared di 
roommates and classmates, then relayed their status to i 
Leonard Taylor '79 — was reported. His obituary appears in 

Along with eyewitness accounts, many close calls, and some losses, » 
of the WPI family. We are proud to share a sampling on these pages. 

More responses, along with the text ofParrish's original letters and coverage of the campus response to the events of Sept. 1 1, may be read 
at www. If you would like your e-mail address added to WPI's database, notify 
Your comments and reactions are always welcome at 

//- rhn 

nk yon for sending out n letter 

of dee p comfort an d dee p concern. 


"As one of the first few women on campus back in the '70s, 
I had a wonderful experience at WPI and will never forget it. 
I chose WPI over other engineering schools because the spirit 
on the campus was 'wholistic.' By that, I mean that the students 
I met seemed to have a complete life perspective . . . they were 
involved in all levels of society, not just their books and technical 
interests. Your note and follow-up make me believe that my 
initial impression still stands." 

After the Worcester warehouse fire in 1 999, I was proud to 
call myself a WPI alumnus in light of all the actions taken by 
Worcester's educational community on behalf of the fallen 
firefighters. Once again, I ask what we (WPI) could do for 
the families and children of the victims as well as fallen 
emergency personnel in the NYC attack? 

— Paul Paulino '94 

"On Homecoming Day, I stood on 
the quad, thinking back on how 
many classes have been touched 
by war, and wondering how 
many more classes will be. WPI 
is truly a role model, with people 
from all countries, religions and 
socioeconomic standings living 
together in harmony. It gives me 
hope to know it can exist on 

— Sang Ki Lee '60 

"I am deeply saddened by the loss of my classmate 

and friend Lenny Taylor. Even though it's been 

20 years or so since we were housemates down 

on Trowbridge Road, I remember it like it was 

yesterday. The world will miss Lenny because 

he was a genuinely nice person. The tears are 

bouncing off the keys. Lenny, you are in 

our thoughts, and your loved ones are 

in our prayers." 

— Sidney Afonso '79 

"My husband received the e-mail today from President 
Parrish. I work as an educational consultant helping high 
school juniors and seniors with the college search process. 
I have forwarded the letter to all my students who are 
considering WPI to let them get a sense of the caring 
and concerned nature of your university." 

— Susan Piqueira, wife of Philip Piquera '72 

"I've been expecting an attack like this for years now. It was just a question 
of when, where and how bad. Perhaps if history was better taught by our 
schools, including WPI, then people, our government included, would not have 
been caught by surprise by this attack. The fundamental lesson of history is 
that the world is full of desperate, hateful, deluded people who cannot or will 
not be helped or reasoned with. We need to admit that reality now and take 
the serious steps needed to make these atrocities less likely in the future." 

— Jeff Barry '74 

— Karen Chesney Honold '78 

"Please don't forget 
those alumni who are 
in the military gearing 
up to defend and protect 
our country. They need 
prayers and support also. 
WPI was and continues 
to be a very close, 
special family." 

— Jennifer Atkins '93 


a small scale 

— Sherri Curria '93 

Transformations I Winter 2002 4 3 

Trustee emeritus Chandler W. 
"Jigger" Jones '26 of Sharon, 
Mass., died June 3, 2000. He 
was the oldest member of the 
board at the time of his death, 
according to a resolution of 
sympathy passed by WPI 
trustees, and a 1970 recipient of 
the Herbert F. Taylor Award for 
Outstanding Service to WPI. 
Jones worked for New England 
Electric System for 40 years, 
retiring as vice president of 
engineering and operations for 
the New England Power Co. 
Husband of the late Dorothy 
(Minnick) Jones, he was prede- 
ceased by a son and is survived 
by a grandson, a granddaughter 
and four great-grandchildren. 

William A. Russell '26 of 

North Branford, Conn., died 
Sept. 6, 2000. Predeceased by 
his wife, Elvie (Need), he leaves 
a son, two daughters, 1 1 grand- 
children and 1 8 great-grandchil- 
dren. Russell began his career 
with the New Haven Railroad 
and retired as a consultant to 
the Connecticut Department of 
Transportation in 1988. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha 
and Tau Beta Pi. 

Victor E. Hill '27 of Sun City, 
Fla., died Aug. 31,2000. He 
was the husband of the late Lois 
Hill and the father of two chil- 
dren. Hill was retired from 
Duquesne Light Co. He 
belonged to Sigma Xi and Tau 
Beta Pi. 

Francis E. R. Johnson '29 of 
Keene, N.H., died Oct. 29, 
2000. He leaves his wife, Mary 
(Love), a daughter and a son. 
Johnson was retired from Allied 
Corp., where he held a number 
of administrative positions. He 
belonged to Sigma Xi and Tau 
Beta Pi. 

Raymond V. Pollard '29 of 
Tampa, Fla., died July 20, 
2000. He is survived by his 
wife, Elizabeth "Bette" 
(Hoffman). An Army veteran. 
Pollard was an assistant state 
service officer in the Florida 

Alumni who wish to make contributions in memory 

of classmates and friends may contact the office of 

Development and University Relations at WPI. 

Department of Veterans' Affairs 
and a member of American 
Legion Post 5 of Tampa. He 
belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Raymond H. Guenther '31 

of Longmeadow, Mass., died 
April 2, 2001. He leaves his 

wife, Hilda 
two daugh- 
ters, three 
dren and 
three great- 
grandchildren. He was the 
grandfather of Deborah Murphy 
Allen '88. Guenther was the 
retired owner and president of 
the former Guenther & Handel 
German Delicatessen in 
Springfield; he later worked at 
The Deli in East Longmeadow. 
He belonged to Sigma Alpha 

Howard P. Lekberg '32 of 
Douglas, Mass., died Oct. 3, 
2000. Widower of the late 
Helen (Carlson), he leaves a 
daughter, two grandchildren 
and a great-grandson. Lekberg 
earned a master's degree in 
education from Worcester State 
College in 1967. He taught 
mechanical engineering at the 
University of Maine and 
Central New England College, 
and later retired from Worcester 
Junior College as an assistant 
professor. He was also president 
of Mumford Motor Sales in 
Whitinsville. He belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Francis C. Moore '33 of 

Portsmouth, N.H., died June 
18, 2000. Predeceased by his 
wife, Lillian 
(Wolfe), and 
a daughter, 
he is survived 
by .1 son. 
a daughter, 
five grand- 

children and a great-grandchild. 
After retiring from the New 
Hampshire Water Resources 
Board as a civil engineer, Moore 
kept active with surveying and 
septic design projects. 
James B. Rafter '33 of Boca 
Raton, Fla., died May 16, 2000. 
Predeceased by his first wife, 
Julia (Meleski), he leaves two 
sons, two grandchildren and 
two great-grandchildren. In 
1980 Rafter married Virginia 
Roundy, who survives, along 
with a stepdaughter, a stepson 
and three step-grandchildren. 
Rafter was retired as divisional 
managing executive of Armco 
Steel Co. A member of Pi 
Kappa Theta, he served WPI 
as a Class Agent and as vice 
president of the Northern 
New Jersey Regional Club. 
Warren C. Saltmarsh '33 of 
Hampton, N.H., died July 1, 
2000. He leaves his wife, 
Doris (Shubert), a son, two 
daughters and two grandchil- 
dren. Saltmatsh was a retired 
insurance executive who worked 
for Johnson & Higgins and 
Factory Insurance Association. 

Clarence R. Streeter Jr. '33 

of Newnan, Ga., died June 28, 
2000. He leaves his wife, 
Margaret, two sons and two 
daughters. Streeter retired as 
president of Dunco Mines Inc., 
and later ran Mount Whitney 
Collectables. He held an MBA 
from the Amos Tuck School of 
Business Administration. 

Warren H. Davenport '34 of 

Worcester died Feb. 25, 2001. 
I le is survived by his wife, 

I Men (Thiderman). Davenport 
received .1 master's degree in 
electrical engineering from \\ PI 
in 1935 and worked for 
Co. until he retired in 1974 as 
chief product engineer, abrasive 
materials. He was a World War 

II veteran and .1 member ot 
k\li Old Timers. 

Luther C. "Luke" Leavitt Jr. 

'34 of Cleveland Heights, Ohio, 
died April 22, 2001. He leaves 
his wife, Alma, three daughters 
and eight grandchildren. Leavitt 
joined the Otto Konigslow 
Manufacturing Co. in 1946, 
became ptesident in 1961, and 

■By ■■■ '^^i* 


retired as chairman in 1977. 
He later became vice chairman 
of Melinz Industries. A PAC 
member and a 1 974 recipient 
of the Hetbert F. Taylor Award 
for Outstanding Service to 
WPI, Leavitt was active in the 
Cleveland Regional Club, the 
Alumni Council and the 
Alumni Fund. 

John B. Coyle '35 of Wesdand, 
Mich., died Jan. 18, 2001. His 
wife, Edna (McGee), died in 
1961. Survivors include two 
sons, two daughters and seven 
grandchildren. Coyle was an 
aeronautical engineer who 
worked for the federal govern- 
ment and United Technologies. 

Carl F. Benson '36 of 

Waterford, Conn., died Dec. 
13, 2000. 
He leaves his 
wife, Doris 
two daugh- 
ters and 
three grand- 
children. Benson worked tor 
The Torrington Company tor 
43 years and retired in 1979 as 
director of research. A skilled 
woodworker, he learned to 
build violins in retirement and 
used bis talents to repair and 
maintain the local senior center. 

44 Transformations I Winter 2002 

Walter G. Dahlstrom '36 

of Worcester died Dec. 21, 
2000. He leaves his wife, Greta 
(Lindahl), a 
son, Rodney 
'69, a daugh- 
ter, a step- 
daughter and 
seven grand- 
children. His first wife, Muriel 
(Johnson) died in 1967. 
Dahlstrom earned a master's 
degree in chemistry at WPI in 
1938 and graduated from the 
School of Industrial Manage- 
ment in 1954. He retired from 
U.S. Steel Cable Works as chief 
development engineer after 33 
years of service with several 
patents in his name. A recipient 
of the 1986 Herbert F. Taylor 
Awatd for Distinguished Service 
to WPI, Dahlstrom was a former 
president of Tech Old Timers 
and received its Distinguished 
Service Award. He belonged 
to Sigma Xi and Lambda 
Chi Alpha. 

Richard S. Howes Sr. '36 of 

Sharon, Conn., died Oct. 18, 
2000. He leaves his wife, 
Bettina, a son, and two grand- 
children. He was predeceased 
by a daughter. Howes retired 
from Lunkenheimer Co. in 
1973 after 27 years in the valve 
business. He belonged to Sigma 
Phi Epsilon and Skull. 

John T. McGrath '36 of Mesa, 
Ariz., died June 23, 2000. 
Predeceased by his wife, 
Katherine (Raftery), in 1991, 
he leaves a daughter, two sons, 
seven grandchildren and four 
great-grandchildren. McGrath 
was a teacher, principal and 
superintendent in Arizona 
public schools for more than 
25 years. He earned a B.S. in 
education at Arizona State 
College and an MA. and Ph.D. 
from Arizona State University. 
In 1959, ASU awarded him its 
fitst education specialist degree 
in public school administration. 
He belonged to Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon and Skull. 

Dana W. Woodward '37 of 

Marblehead, Mass., died Oct. 
20, 2000. Widower of the late 
I Catherine 
I (Hopkins) 
<t~. I and husband 

of Helen 
Sttatton), he 
also leaves a 
son, tout daughters, nine grand- 
children and a great-grandchild. 
A former vice president of 
marketing for United Shoe 
Machinery Corp., he was the 
retited president and director 
of American Shoe Machinery 
Corp. He belonged to Phi 
Gamma Delta and Skull. 

J. Harper Blaisdell Jr. '38 of 

Lexington, Mass., died Aug. 22, 
2000. His wife, Marjorie, 
survives. Blaisdell was a former 
Class Agent and a member of 
Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Eric L. Mager '38 of Beverly, 
Mass., died July 1, 2000. He 
leaves his wife, Irma (Gourley), 
three daughtets, and a grand- 
daughter. Mager earned a 
mastet's degree in chemistry at 
WPI in 1940. His 43 years of 
research and development work 
at GTE Sylvania Lighting 
resulted in 12 patents. He 
belonged to Sigma Xi. 

Paul M. "Mike" Murphy '38 

of Atascadeto, Calif, died Nov. 
23, 2000. He leaves his wife, 
the former Margaret "Juddie" 
Judd, two daughters and a 
grandson. Murphy earned a 
master's degree in electrical 
engineering at MIT and worked 
at the U.S. Naval Ordnance 
Laboratory during World War 
II. He then joined General 
Electric, where he specialized in 
nuclear design projects. Murphy 
retired from G.E. Nuclear 
Energy Division in 1978 as 
manager of advanced engineer- 
ing in the Fast Breeder Reactor 
Department. A Presidential 
Founder, he established the Paul 
M. and Margaret J. Murphy 
Scholarship Fund. 

Leonard Taylor '79 

Victim of Pentagon plane era 

Leonard E. Taylor, 44, of Reston, Va., was a passenger on American 

Airlines Flight 77 , bound for Los Angeles from Washington, D.C., 

on the morning of Sept. 1 1 , 2001 , when the hijacked plane was 

crashed into the Pentagon. He was a technical group manager in 

the Washington-area office of XonTech Inc., a 

California-based contract firm that specializes 

in the design of radar, optics and acoustics 

sensors for defense and industrial applications. 

Taylor leaves his wife, Karyn (Orman), two 

daughters, Jessica and Colette, his mother, 

his father, two sisters and two brothers. 

Born in Pasadena, Calif., Taylor was a gradu- 
ate of Andover (Mass.) High School. After 
receiving a bachelor's degree in physics from 
WPI, he joined XonTech as an analyst in the 
Special Studies Division in Van Nuys, Calif. 
"He was the only one who mentored individuals who had been 
forsaken by everyone else because they either had little motivation 
or just never got it. He was able to get productive work out of many 
of these languishing lost souls," recalled a colleague in his eulogy. 
Taylor later transferred to the company's Arlington, Va., office. An avid 
bicyclist who rode in charity events, he formed close friendships with 
co-workers who enjoyed after-hours sports and commuting to work 
by bicycle over distances ranging from 1 5 to 20 miles each way. 

George E. Feiker '39 of 

Niskayuna, N.Y., died July 24, 
2000. He leaves his wife, Hazel, 
rwo daughters, a son and five 
grandchildren. Feiker earned a 
master's degree in electrical 
engineering at Harvard 
University. He spent most of 
his career with GE's Advanced 
Technology Laboratories, where 
he managed the electromagnetic 
radiation and microwave engi- 
neering sections. A member of 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Tau Beta 
Pi and Sigma Xi, he received 
the Robert H. Goddard Award 
for Outstanding Professional 
Achievement in 1964. 

Robert J. O'Malley '39 of 

Davis, Calif, died Jan. 8, 2001. 
He is survived by his wife, Edna 
(Moran), two sons, a daughter 
and four grandchildren. 
O'Malley joined the Army 
during World War II and com- 
pleted his bachelor's degree at 
Syracuse University in 1954. 
He went on to earn a master's 
degree at George Washington 
University in 1962. In 1968 he 
retired from the U.S. Air Force 
as a colonel after 27 years of 
service. He then became hospi- 
tal administrator of the Cowell 
Student Health Center at the 
University of California, Davis, 
where he served until 1978. 
He belonged to Sigma Alpha 

Transformations I Winter 2002 4 5 

Frederick J. Benn Jr. '41 of 

Piano, Texas, died Feb. 4, 2001. 
He is sur- 
vived by his 
wife, Lelia 
a son, a 
and three 
grandchildren. Benn received 
an MBA from Case Institute 
of Technology and worked 
for Norton Co. for 36 years. 
A former drummer with the 
Boyntonians, he contributed 
photographs and anecdotes 
from his student years to 
recent WPI publications. 
He belonged to Theta Chi. 

Arthur L. Sullivan Jr. '41 of 

Monroe, Wis., died June 14, 
2000. He leaves his wife, Lorna 
(Marchant), three sons, four 
grandchildren and five step- 
great-grandchildren. Sullivan 
began his career as a chemist 
in the radiation department 
of Arthur D. Little Research 
Development Co. at MIT. He 
worked for Atwell Autograph 
Co. for 33 years and later 
became a district manager for 
Dictaphone Corp. He belonged 
to Theta Chi. 

Robert D. Wood '42 of Vestal, 
N.Y., died March 6, 2000. 
He left WPI in 1941 to earn 
his bachelor's degree at 
Northeastern University and 
also attended the University 
of Chicago. Wood spent four 
years as a meteorologist in the 
Army Air Force. A former sales 
engineer for Westinghouse 
Electric Corp., he belonged 
to Sigma Alpha Epsilon. 

Warren H. Chaffee '43 of 

Longwood, Fla., died May 5, 
2000. He leaves his wife, 
Barbara (Smith), two sons, a 
daughter, his mother and four 
grandchildren. Chaffee was a 
vice president ol Chaffee Bros. 
and the owner of Cameron 
Lumber Co. He belonged to 
Sigm.l \lph.l Ipsil in. 

William S.C. Henry '43 of 

Venice, Fla., died Oct. 12, 
2000. He 
leaves his 
wife, Nancy 
three daugh- 
ters and five 
dren. Henry was a senior elec- 
trical engineer at New England 
Electric Systems' subsidiaries 
Massachusetts Electric Co. and 
New England Power Service Co., 
where he worked since 1965. 
A senior member and former 
committee chair of the Institute 
of Electrical and Electronics 
Engineers, he authored papers 
and lectured in his field. He 
belonged to Alpha Tau Omega. 

Samuel H. Coes '44 of 

Hampton,- N.H., died Nov. 11, 
2000. He 
leaves his 
wife, Nancy 
four sons, 
five grand- 
and six great-grandchildren. 
A longtime research engineer for 
Norton Co., he held 12 patents 
with the company. He was also 
a retired lieutenant commander 
in the U.S. Naval Reserve. 

Robert A. Stengard Sr. '45 of 

Rocky Face, Ga., died Nov. 30, 
2000. He leaves his wife, 
Gwendolyn, three sons, two 
daughters, several grandchildren 
and a great-gtandchild. Stengard 
was a technical supervisor at 
Shaw Industries. He earned a 
master's degree in chemical 
engineering at WPI in 1950 and 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Alvin Y. Broverman '46 ol 

Knoxville, Tenn., died Dec. 8, 

2000. Family members include 
his wife, Ann, and a daughter. 
Broverman was a transformer 
design specialist who retired 
from Martin Marietta and 
continued working as a self- 
employed consultant. 
Garabcd Hovhanesian '46 of 
Worcester, Mass., died May 2~, 

2001. He is survived by his 

4 6 Transformations I Winter J Dd. 1 

wife, Nancy (Sahagian), his son, 
Jeffrey '78, and a daughter, 
Nancy. Hovhanesian graduated 
from the U.S. Navy's V-12 
program at WPI, and earned an 
MBA at Northeastern University 
in 1954. He retired from 
General Electric Co. in 1984, 
after a management career that 
included establishing GE 
Housewares in Singapore and 
serving as the division's presi- 
dent and managing director. He 
was a former Class Agent and a 
member of Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Jack H. Shank '46 of Berea, 
Ohio, died on Feb. 18, 1999. A 
NASA aerospace engineer and a 
member of Lambda Chi Alpha, 
Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Chi, he 
leaves his wife, Jeanne. Trans- 
formations recently received 
notification of his death. 

Edward R. Stokel '46 of 

Birmingham, Mich., died Aug. 
18, 2000. He leaves his wife, 
Barbara, two sons, three daugh- 
ters and 1 1 grandchildren. Stokel 
was known as "Mr. Bus," for his 
longtime career with General 
Motors Corp., which began on 
a bus assembly line in the early 
1940s. He latet became an 
advocate for public transporta- 
tion, lobbying for more federal 
funding to support quality buses. 
Stokel retired in 1986 as direc- 
tor of public transportation and 
was inducted into the American 
Public Transit Association Hall 
of Fame in 1991. 

Irwin T. Vanderhoof '48 ol 

Towaco, N.J., died Sept. 24, 
2000. He leaves his wile, Ruth 
(Green), a son, a daughter and a 
granddaughter. Vanderhoof was 
a clinical professor ol finance at 
New York University. He was 
best known for his application 
of the quasi-Montc Carlo 
method (a modification ol the 
standard calculation) in figuring 
the worth ot financial deriva- 
tives. VanderhooPs adaptation 
of Monte Carlo methodology, 
since used in physics, earned 
him a patent. He also served .is 
an actuary and a consultant and 
was the author and editor of 

numerous publications, includ- 
ing finance bonks , m{ \ actuarial 
and scientific journals. 1 le 

Inlonecd to Alpha T.tu Omega. 

Harvey L. Pastan '49 of 

Chestnut Hill, Mass., died Sept. 
12, 2000. Survivors include his 
wife, Barbara B. Pastan, two 
daughters, and two grandchil- 
dren. Pastan was predeceased 
by his first wife, also named 
Barbara. He was a vice president 
at Arthur D. Little Inc. and a 
member of Alpha Epsilon Phi 
and Sigma Xi. 

Donald R. Skeffington '49 

of Ipswich, Mass., died Feb. 21, 
2001, after a six-month battle 
with cancer. He leaves his wife, 
Barbara (Farquhar), a son, a 
daughter and two grandchil- 
dren. Skeffington worked for 
United Shoe Machinery Corp. 
and MacMillan Labs, and later 
retired from GTE/Sylvania. 
He belonged to Theta Chi. 

Welts '50 of 

Mass., died 
Oct. 31, 

He leaves his 
wife, Eve (Primpas Harriman), 
four sons, two daughters and 1 1 
grandchildren. Welts was an 
electrical engineer at Raytheon 
Research Division for 40 years. 
A trombone player, he founded 
the Middlesex Brass Quintet 
and a family group called The 
Weltswinds. He belonged to 
Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Rafael R. Gabarro '51 of 

Lowell, Mass., died March 1, 
2000. He leaves his wife, Teresa 
(Skorupski), two sons, four 
daughters and 12 grandchildren. 
Gabarro was retired Irom Union 
Carbide Corp. as manager ot 
site operations and technology. 

Albert H. '51 ol 
Natick, Mass., died on Feb. 21, 
1999. He was retired from the 
U.S. Air Force as an electrical 
engineer. Transformations 
recently received notification 
ol his death. 

Carl J. Lu/. Jr. '51 ol Bedmin- 
ster, N.J., dud Aug. 2(>. 2000. 
1 lc is sum ived b\ .i daughter 
anil two grandchildren. I 112 
was president ot I sen Plastics. 

which he (bunded in 1975. He 
In li mged to Sigma Pin 1 psilon. 

Joseph S. Vitalis Jr. '51 of 

Manassas, Va., died May 24, 
2000. He leaves his wife, Janet, 
three sons and two grandchil- 
dren. Vitalis was a chemical 
engineer with the Environmental 
Protection Agency. A former 
mayor of Crestwood, Mo., he 
earned an MBA at Washington 
University and belonged to 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon. 

Warren A. Ellsworth Jr. '52 

of Panama City, Fla., died June 
16, 2000. 
He leaves his 
wife, Edith, 
two daugh- 
ters, a step- 
son, two 
ters, 12 grandchildren and a 
great-granddaughter. Ellsworth 
worked for M.B. Electronics, 
where he managed projects 
involving underwater sonar 
equipment for the Navy. 

Roland E. Walker '52 died on 
Nov. 8, 1999. A member of 
Lambda Chi Alpha, he worked 
for Polaroid Corp. He and his 
wife, Constance, had three sons. 
Transformations recently 
received notification of his death. 

R. Taylor Holmes Jr. '53 

of Holden, Mass., died Dec. 7, 

2000. He leaves his wife, Helen 
(Gustafson), four daughters 
and six grandchildren. Holmes 
was a mechanical engineer for 
Baystate Abrasives. He belonged 
to Sigma Alpha Epsilon. 

Kenneth W. Shiatte '53 of 

Glenmont, N.Y., died July 22, 

2001. He leaves his wife, 
Norma (Jewell), a daughter 
and two grandchildren. He was 
predeceased by a son, Wayne 
Shiatte '78, and established a 
scholarship in his name in 
1979. Kenneth Shiatte began 
his career in transportation 
engineering with the California 
Division of Highways in 1953. 
He joined the New York State 
Department of Transportation 
in 1962 and retired in 1998 

as assistant commissioner for 
engineering and chief engineer. 
Shiatte belonged to the 
Ptesident's Advisory Council 
and Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Dennis F. Sullivan Jr. '53 

of Sutton, Mass., died July 5, 
2000. He leaves his wife, Jean 
(Davidson), and a son. Sullivan 
graduated from WPI's School 
of Industrial Management in 
1974. He worked at the Heald 
Machine division of Cincinnati 
Milacron for 38 years. 

Forrest E. Marcy '54 of 

Bedford, N.H., died Aug. 1, 
2000. Survivors include three 
nieces, a grandniece and nine 
grandnephews. A member of 
Sigma Xi and Eta Kappa Nu, 
Marcy held a master's degree 
from Yale University. He 
worked for IBM as a software 
engineer for 30 years. 

Roy E. Peterson '54 (SIM) of 
Worcester died Nov. 22, 2000. 
He was 90 years old. He leaves 
his wife, Vera (Holger), a son 
and three grandchildren. 
Peterson, a retired industrial 
engineer, was a graduate of the 
Mechanical Arts School of 

Warren T. Munroe '60 of 

Windham, N.H., died Oct. 14, 
2000. He leaves his wife, Ruth 
(Wiezel), a son, two daughters 
and two grandchildren. Munroe 
was a computer programmer at 
Libetty Mutual Insurance and a 
former employee of Lucent 
Technologies. He belonged to 
Alpha Tau Omega 

Peter J. Piecuch '60 of 

Bethesda, Md., died Oct. 31, 
2000. He was the retired execu- 
tive editor of Water Environ- 
ment Research, a professional 
journal for the water quality 
industry, published by the Water 
Environment Federation. Piecuch 
also held a master's degree from 
Stevens Institute of Technology 
and a bachelor's degree from 
Columbia University. He began 
his career as a chemical engineer 
for E.I. duPont de Nemours & 
Co., and also served as a corre- 
spondent for the American 
Chemical Society and the editor 
of Environmental Science and 
Technology. Survivors include 
his wife, Kathleen, a son, two 
daughters and eight grand- 

Richard H. Tremper '61 ot 

Lewiston, Calif., died on March 
25, 1999. A former marketing 
researcher, he married Susan 
Grady in 1960. Transformations 
recently received notification of 
his death. 

Nishan Teshoian '63 of 

Charlotte, N.C., died Aug. 28, 
2001. He leaves his wife, Anna, 
a son and two daughters. Tesh- 
oian was the retired president 
and chief operating officer of 
Coltec Industries. A graduate 
of General Electric Co.'s Manu- 
facturing Management Program 
and Stanford University's 
Executive Program, he was 
honored with WPI's Robert H. 
Goddard Award for Outstanding 
Professional Achievement 
in 1998. 

William M. Lawler '65 (SIM) 
of Paxton, Mass., died March 
21, 2001, at the age of 81. He 
is survived by his wife, Virginia 
(Finneran), a son, two daughters, 
six grandchildren and a great- 
grandchild. A graduate of 
Worcester Junior College, 
Lawler was an industrial man- 
ager who worked for George J. 
Meyer and several other area 
companies before retiring 
in 1989. 

Michael R. Mauro '66 of Old 
Saybrook, Conn., died Oct. 22, 
2000. He is 
survived by 
I his wife, 
S Elaine 

a son and a 
Mauro worked at Electric Boat 
for 34 years. He belonged to 
Phi Kappa Theta. 

Jack L. Cristy '71 of San Jose, 
Calif., died May 8, 2000. 
Husband of Mary Ann Cristy 
and founder of Christy Associ- 
ates, he was also a quality engi- 
neer for Litton-Amecom and a 
senior industrial engineer for 
Fairchild Industries. 

Charles "Ray" Chase '72 of 

Thomaston, Maine, died June 
3,2001. Son of Charles C. 
Chase '49, he also leaves his 

wife, Jeannine (Boudoin) and 
two daughters. Chase's career 
included posts as superintend- 
ent of the Brewster, Mass., and 
Camden, Maine, water depart- 
ments. He later worked at 
Consumers Maine Water Co., 
Maine Sport and Summit 

James D. Hall Jr. '72 of 

Lincoln, R.I., died Jan. 21, 
2001, after a battle with 
leukemia. He leaves his wife, 
Lori (Hebert), two daughters 
and two stepdaughtets. Hall 
was senior vice president for 
product development and chief 
marketing officer of Aero Co. 
He held an MBA from Harvard 
University and belonged to 
Alpha Epsilon Pi and Skull. 

Montri Viriyayuthakorn '72 

of Norcross, Ga., died Oct. 28, 
2000. He received a master's 
degree in mechanical engineer- 
ing from WPI in 1975 and 
worked for Norton Co. for 21 
years. An expert in the field of 
fiber optics, he held 1 1 patents 
and had three more pending at 
the time of his death. 

Donald E. Gilman 76 (SIM) 
of Warren, Mass., died June 12, 
2000, at the age of 65. He leaves 
his wife, Alice (Mallon), three 
sons and a grandson. Gilman 
worked at Warren Pumps as a 
systems analyst for 35 years. 

Raymond A. Beauvais '78 

(MNS) of Taunton, Mass., died 
Nov. 15, 2000, at the age of 56. 
He is sutvived by his wife, 
Sandra (Benoit), two daughters 
and a grandson. A graduate of 
Southeastern Massachusetts 
Technical School, he taught 
physics at Attleboro High 
School for 30 years. 

William E. Penniman '78 

(SIM) of Acton, Mass., died 
Sept. 15, 2000. A graduate of 
Boston University, he spent 45 
years with Lund International, 
most recently as a marketing 
manager. Surviving family 
members include his wife, 
Shirley (Olsen), six sons, a 
daughter, and 17 grandchildren. 

Transformations I "Winter 20 02 


Time Machine 


Forty Years of Lighting the Lights 

By Amy Marr '96 

Hundreds of student organizations have come and gone since WPI's 
founding. Only a few can measure their histories in decades. Among 
them is Lens and Lights, which hit the 40-year mark in 2001. 

The Worcester Tech Lens and Lights Club was formed in 1961 
by James A. Day '62, who borrowed the organization's name from his 
high-school AV club. With Robert Gardner '62, Stephen Noble '64, 

Lens and Lights head projectionist Zac Mouneimneh '01 shows off the club's modern-day 
projection facilities in Fuller Laboratories. 

The club's early projects focused on making improvements to 
the performance and film projection facilities in Aden Memorial. 
A 1961 document outlines more than a dozen projects in progress, 
including repairs to permanent lighting fixtures, ways to address fire 
protection issues in the main hall, and a complete overhaul of Aden's 
16mm projection system. 

By April 1962, the club had assumed respon- 
sibility for the Alden projection booth, which at 
that time housed a pair of 35mm Simplex projec- 
tors left to WPI in the 1940s by the U.S. Navy, 
which had used them to show recruitment films. 
The club cleaned and repaired the projectors and 
returned them to service. It also started a weekly 
film series and a program for projecrionists. 

Some things have changed since those early 
days. About a decade ago, the projection booth 
moved to Fuller Laboratories, and the Alden 
booth was closed permanently. The Simplex pro- 
jectors have been taken out of service; one is on 
permanent display on the main floor of Gordon 
Library, part of an exhibit celebrating the club's 
history. The WPI Social Committee now spon- 
sors the film series started by Lens and Lights, 
but club members man the projectors behind the 
scenes. In 2001, the club moved its base of oper- 
ations from Alden to the new Campus Center. 

But Lens and Lights still provides lighting, 
audio and projection services to the community, 
as it did 40 years ago. What's the secret of its 
success? In a letter to the club some years ago, 
Kent Multer '75 summed it up: "I have many 
fond memories of the time I spent with L &: L. 
It had (and I imagine it still has) the distinction 
of being more than a typical student club; it's 
more like a business that takes responsibility for 
serving the community, as well as providing its 
members with a lot ol good times and neai 
techno-toys to play with." 

With the advent of DVDs and digital 
projection technologies, the club should have 
no shortage ot neat toys to play with or new 
services to oiler the community. Though the 
technology may change, the club will Likely 
remain true to the vision thai has kept it 
going strong for lour decades. 

John Schmidt '64 and William Swiger '64, Day founded the club on 
the model ot an audio-visual services business, providing lighting, 
audio and film projection services to the campus community, and 

funding repairs and equipment purchases by collecting lees. 

Man. who holdi a bachelor'i degree in technical communication* 
,/>///, i master's in marketing from WPI, is manager of Web 
development for the university and advisor to Lens and Lights. 
You can reach her .it 

4 8 Transformation* I Winter _' 00 J 

Come back to WPI 


Faded sweatshirts look great as they get older, but eventually they do 
fade away. That WPI mug won't last forever, and eventually you will 
lose your cap. ..but you don't have to lose faith. 

This is not a problem of engineering proportions... not when your WPI 
bookstore has all those things and a whole lot more. 

Jackets, diploma frames, alumni chairs, even afghans and stadium 
blankets are just a click away at 

If it's easier for you to call, our toll-free number is i-888-wpi-books.. 
and if you happen to be nearby, come visit us at our new location in 
the Campus Center. 

508-831-5247 • 1- 888- wpi -books • Fax: 508-459*6298 
HOURS: Monday-Thursday 8-7 • Friday 8-5 • Saturday 11-5 


Sir Arthur C. Clarke, 

science fiction author and scree 
for the 1 968 film 2001: A Space 
Odyssey, made his second visit to 
campus on Nov. 30. He first came to 
n 1 969 to deliver a lecture to an 
audience that included Esther Goddard, 
widow of rocket pioneer Robert 
Goddard '08. His latest visit was a 
virtual one. He appeared in a videotap 
(seen here) offering his predictions for 
the next century, and then answered 
questions by telephone from his home 
in Sri Lanka as part of "Imagining the 
Future: Visions of the World to Come," 
a multimedia voyage into the future held 
in the Campus Center Odeum. The event 
also featured a wide-ranging discussion 
by three panelists: best-selling author 
and artificial intelligence pioneer Ray 
Kurzweil, Alison Taunton-Rigby, o leader 
in the biotechnology industry, and 
David Cyganski '75, professor of 
electrical and computer engineering at 
WPI. ScoH Kirsner, columnist for The 
Boston Globe, moderated. Streaming 
video of the event can be viewed at 
To request o copy of the complete video, 
contact Transformations (see the mast- 
head on page 2 for contact information). 
A report on me event will appear in the 
Spring 2002 issue. 




A Journal of People and Change 

Profiles in Giving 

Sherri Curria '93 

Gift Arrangement: Planned Bequest/Individual Retirement 
Account (IRA) or other Qualified Retirement Plan 

On Planning for the Future 

Individual retirement accounts and other qualified retirement 
plans are great ways to put money aside for retirement and 
save on taxes at the same time. But while they make excellent 
vehicles for retirement planning, these investments have a 
significant drawback when it comes to estate planning. The 
fact is, retirement funds are typically one of the most heavily 
taxed assets in any estate. However, by making a charitable 
institution the ultimate beneficiary, it's possible to avoid the 
substantial taxes typically incurred when passing qualified 
retirement plans on to one's heirs. It's easy to do, it can be 
done at any age, and the decision can be reversed, if so 
desired, at anv time. 

On Gift Planning at WPI 

That's what Sherri Curria discovered recently when, in the 
process of changing jobs, she realized that she would have to 
roll her 401 (k) plan into an IRA. Though it hadn't accumu- 
lated a great deal of value, she thought it would be a great 
way to give something back to the university. "It's conven- 
ient," she says. "Can I give WPI $100,000 now? I wish! 
But can I give the $100,000 in the future? Sure! And the 
funds are already separate from my other retirement assets, 
so it won't take anything away from my family. It's a great 
way to support WPI in the long term." 

For more information on how to make WPI the ultimate beneficiary of an IRA or other qualified retirement plan, 
call 1-888-974-4438 or e-mail 


The sun was sinking in the March sky as the film crew began 
setting up in Reunion Plaza. A small army of technicians and 
production assistants quickly assembled a track for the camera 
to glide along, set up lights and microphones, ran cables, 
and swept melting snow from the brick walkway. 

While the director lined up the shot through his view- 
finder, a growing crowd of students, faculty and staff gathered 
to watch. Finally, there was a call for quiet. The camera and 
tape recorder were set in motion, the clapper was clapped, 
and the assistant director called, "Action!" 

As several student "extras" ambled across the plaza, Lauren 
Beaumont '03 addressed the camera. "When tomorrow's inno- 
vations are made," she said, "I'll be there." She turned to walk 
into the distance, but quickly bumped shoulders with another 
student. "Cut!" cried the director. "Let's try it again." 

Several takes later, the final scene for WPI's first television 
commercial was in the can. The 30-second spot, known as 
"WPI Was There," paints a portrait of a university with a 
heritage of innovation that takes a different approach to 
technological education. It is the most widely visible element 
in WPI's new marketing program, a multifaceted initiative 
aimed at making more people aware of this institution and 
the remarkable education it offers. 

The brochure bound into this issue of Transformations 
tells the story of the planning behind this new endeavor, outlines 
its various elements, and explains its goals. One of the most 
important of those goals is helping every member of the WPI 
family understand that they have a role to play in enhancing 
the university's reputation, and much to gain as more people 
come to appreciate the qualities that make WPI distinctive. 

As you'll see in the message from WPI Alumni Association 
president Dusty Klauber '67 on page 30, the association has 
made supporting the university's new marketing program one 
of its two priorities for the upcoming year. As Klauber put it 
in his message to alumni at Reunion, "Given the urgency we 
have placed on the need to become recognized as the leader 
in undergraduate technological education, we must find a way 
to leverage the power of our 26,000 alumni. We must engage 
them in our marketing effort and create an army of WPI 
missionaries determined to make WPI a household name." 

Armies live or die on good intelligence. Through 
Transformations, we will continue to do our best to keep you 
informed about what's new and exciting here on the home 
front. But that's just a start. I encourage you to do some 
reconnaissance of your own. Wade into the sea of information 
available on the WPI Web site, The new home 
page and News pages are good starting points. Get back to 
campus, if you can, to see what a remarkable place your alma 
mater is today. 

And once you have all that good information, don't keep 
it to yourself. Share it with friends, colleagues, young people. 
Marketers know that there's no communication vehicle quite so 
effective as word of mouth. Your 26,000 voices, all telling our 
story, can do much to advance the mission of WPI — as much, 
perhaps, as the best television commercial. 

Michael W. Dorsey 


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Scenes from a shoot: Lauren Beaumont '03 was chosen to 
deliver the opening and closing lines in WPI's new television 
commercial. In the first photo, she watches director Michael Grasso 
line up the opening shot in front ofBoynton Hall. In the next two, 
Kristin Wobbe, associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry, keeps 
a wary eye out as a camera dolly is wheeled through her laboratory. 
Finally, Beaumont waits patiently as the film crew prepares to capture 
her reading of the final line near the end of a long day of shooting. 

Ud Ahead 










Frontiers in Education 2002 
(Boston Park Plaza Hotel; hosted by WPI) 

Manufacturing Our Future: The Summit 

President's IQP Awards Ceremony 

All events take place on the WPI campus, unless otherwise noted. 


12 Hearing Voices 

Aviation accidents raise two big questions: what happened, and can 
we stop it from happening again? Cockpit voice recorder analyst 
Anna Cushman '91 helps find the answers. By Ray Bert '93 

1 6 After the Fall 

Jonathan Barnett's expertise in building fire safety earned him a place 
on an elite team of engineers chosen to study the collapse of the 
World Trade Center. By Joan Killough-Miller 

Volume 102, No. 2, Spring 2002 

More Than a Face in the Crowd 

Facial recognition technology made by Viisage Technology, a 
company led by Denis Berube '65, is helping make the world safer 
and more secure. By Laurance S. Morrison 

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27 The Unseen City 

Whether it's a fog-shrouded bridge in Elm Park late at night or debris 
in a deserted field, Kirk Jalbert '98 finds beauty and mystery in the 
Worcester we rarely see. By Joan Killough-Miller 

On the Covers 

Front: In the blink of an eye, facial recognition technology can find one face in a million. 

Photo illustration by Patrick O'Connor, Steven Pascal and Michael Sherman. 

Back: Photography by Patrick O'Connor. 


< r ~\ 


Inside WPI 7 


Hearing Voices 1 2 


Campus Buzz 4/6 

A Few Words 5 

Inside WPI 



Class Notes 

Time Machine 48 

www.wpi.eduA Transformations 

The online edition of the Spring 2002 Transformations has a host of features and links related to the 
stories in this issue. You will find a link to the full report of the World Trade Center Building 
Performance Assessment Team, along with details about the extensive news coverage the study earned 
for WPI. You'll also read about Anna Cushman's analysis of the cockpit voice recording that helped 
crack the mystery of the plane crash that killed golfer Payne Stewart, and coverage of last November's 
forward-looking symposium, "Imagining the Future." While you're online, send us your news, write a 
letter to the editor, or chat with fellow readers in the Transformations forum in the Alumni Cafe. 

Transformations \ Spring 2002 3 

Letters to the Editor 

Dean Kamen, center, was the 
speaker at WPI's first indoor 
graduation since 1 989. 

To the Editor 

I just wanted to let you 
know how much I enjoyed 
the new WPI magazine. 
I never read a WPI 
magazine before, unless 
it included an article on 
someone I knew. You have 
now produced a really 
worthwhile publication. 
Congratulations. It is an enormous 
improvement over anything WPI 
has produced previously. 

Andrew Montelli '82 

Weston, Conn. 

To the Editor 

I was delighted to receive the Winter 
2002 issue of Transformations. WPI 
needs to get its educational story 
told. I have been getting letters from 
some of my recent students, now in 
various colleges across the country, 
and from my former WPI students, 
whose children are now in college. 

What intrigues me is the increased 
interest in emphasis on the kind of 
hands-on courses and the number 
of project-type programs these 
young people are now taking. 
While few institutions would want 
to acknowledge that their programs 
had their genesis in some other 
institution, I wish there was a way to 
let other people know of the source. 

I have been gone long enough so that most 
of the names mentioned in your articles are 
unknown to me. Still, I am delighted that 
WPI people are still making a difference in 
the lives of other people, and it is always a 
pleasure to find a name or two in the class 
notes that bring back memories of those I 
once knew while I was there. 

John van Alstyne 

Ashville, N.G 

Former Dean of Academic Advising and 

Professor of Mathematics 

(Continued on page 46) 

4 Tr a n sfo r m at ions j Sp ring 2 002 


Dean Kamen Addresses Graduates 

Technological visionary Dean Kamen '73 addressed graduates at WPI's 
1 34th Commencement exercises on May 1 8. A master at turning "what ifs" into 
lucrative products, he has received numerous awards and honors, including the 
National Medal of Technology, for such innovations as the first portable drug 
infusion pump, the IBOT (see Transformations, Winter 2002) and the Segway 
Human Transporter (Kamen rode a Segway in the procession). 

Founder and CEO of DEKA Research & Development Corp., Kamen entered 
WPI in 1 969, but left before completing his degree. The university awarded 
him an honorary doctorate in 1 992 and its first Presidential Medal in 2001 . His passion for 
inspiring American youth to pursue careers in science and engineering led him to found 
FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology), which sponsors a national 
robotics competition that teams professional engineers with high school students from around 
the country. 

Honorary degrees were presented to George A. Cowan '41, participant in the Manhattan 
Project and a leading authority on nuclear weapons diagnostics, David M. Lederman, 

founder of ABIOMED Inc., developer of the first self-contained, implantable artificial heart, 
and Sheila Tobias, leading authority and author on mathematics and science education. 

Fisler, Kazantzis Join a Growing Constellation of Stars 

The CAREER Award is the National Science Foundation's most prestigious research award for 
new faculty members. WPI's most recent winners are Kathryn Fisler, assistant professor of 
computer science, and Nikolaos Kazantzis, assistant professor of chemical engineering. 
The grant, which typically includes five years of funding for a major research project, 
recognizes young faculty members who show unusual promise as researchers and educators. 
The award supports those teacher-scholars who are most likely to become the academic 
leaders of the 21st century, according to the NSF. 

Over the past eight years, 1 4 WPI professors have received CAREER Awards, an impressive 
number for a small university, and a reflection of the university's success in attracting out- 
standing educators and researchers to its faculty, notes William Durgin, associate provost 
for academic affairs. 'This would be an enviable record for a major university," he says. 
"For WPI, it is testimony to the quality of new faculty members who have joined us and their 
commitment to establish solid research programs." 

Fisler received her award for the project "A Computational Infrastructure for Timing Diagrams 
in Computer-Aided Verification." Kazantzis received his award for "Digital Model-based Fault 
Detection and Isolation for Nonlinear Processes." 

now wnen i rninK anour me won 

is possible, about simple, fundament! 

the building blocks of f he-ideas. 

Curtis R. Carlson ? 67 

President and CEO, SRI International 

An Interview by Laurance S. Morrison 



A member of two Emmy-winning teams and 
a professional violinist, Curtis R. Carlson 
heads a 56-year-old organization that has 
been called "the soul of Silicon Valley." 
SRI innovations range from household 
detergents to the siting of Disneyland to 
the computer mouse to high-definition TV. 
Carlson spoke with Transformations about 
the interplay of the dynamic global land- 
scape and the SRI passionate turn of mind. 

When you look at the rate of 
progress around the world, 
what do you see? 

In this knowledge-based global economy, 
where moving ever faster only allows us 
to keep up, we see the broader truth of 
Moore's Law: price-performance relation- 
ship improves by 100 percent every 18 to 
24 months. Internet speed doubles in a 
year and content doubles in half that time. 
The way to thrive is to rethink and innovate, 
always faster, and to foster commercial 
investment in fundamental developments 
and discoveries at a significant scale so 
people everywhere can live improved lives. 

What makes a good 
SRI project? 

Our thoughtfully assembled multidiscipli- 
nary project teams devote their energy to 
important problems, not just interesting 
concerns. Our projects pose a fundamental 
need, present a sense of utgency, call for 
existing resources and, often, affect large 
numbers of people. Because we aim to 
change for the better the way life is lived, 
we strive to achieve not just cancer cures, but 
illiteracy cures. For a sizable subpar K-12 
public school system, we developed for stu- 
dents a cheap, light, hand-held, interactive 
wireless device that works as a teacher's aide. 
We want our innovative solutions to advance 
the goals of our clients and partners because 
their consumers, in turn, can adopt and 
literally live with the resulting products and 
services for the benefits they bring. Much 
of our work has military applications and, 
now, homeland security applications. 

How do SRI project teams 

The SRI approach and the essence of the 
WPI Plan overlap. Important questions 
animate passionate people here 24/7. We 
propose and critique a short, tight, catchy, 
compelling picture of what we want to 
achieve. We call it our value proposition. It 
enables us to put our finger on exponential 
opportunity to serve basic human values, 
which is good business. We brainstorm, feel 
the tingle of a powerful idea, test its practi- 
cality, pigeonhole risk, and readily shuck 
such undesirable outcomes as unwanted 
drug side effects. We then position the 
innovation so its particular publics can 
embrace its value. Sometimes we spin out 
a company to lead a newborn industry in a 
marketplace where needs await satisfaction. 
We're engaged in large and comprehensive 
work, because it is fundamental. This 
springboards innovation. Innovation isn't 
luck. We see it as a managed process. 

In big science, what is the 
government's role? 

It can serve in its traditional role as a signifi- 
cant funder, and as a referee on ethics, 
alrhough at SRI our process of innovation 
and value creation naturally tends to resolve 
many such matters. Science is embarked 
upon 'species evolution' and artificial intelli- 
gence. With the decoding of the human 
genome, scientists understand more fully 
the interaction of proteins. Biology can be 
employed at the information level. A family 
doctor may view DNA analysis as if it were 
a software program. We have gene therapy 
and cloning, and we now look seriously at 
producing embedded computer chips to 
monitor our health arid dispense medica- 
tions as needed. Government can help work 
out standards and procedures. All of us 
must be concerned with the consequences 
of our work and debate the emerging issues 
in depth so that we proceed with our eyes 
wide open. 

Do you distinguish between 
the artist's intuition and the 
scientist's insight? 

They come from the same thing. It isn't one 
"Ah-ha!' experience, but a series of incre- 
mental steps, little discoveries, a couple of 
bigger ones and lots of hard work in finding, 
or fashioning, order and coherence. When 
one is on to a really good experience in 
music or science, there is the same sense of 
joy and euphoria. I have played a Mozart 
quintet in synchrony with other musicians 
such rhat we were fused together. I had chills. 
At the end of the piece, we were silent, then 
we hugged each other. I see that in our SRI 
project teams. It is intensely satisfying to 
watch as others reach their dreams. 

So what is your job? 

I get to work with champions. Passionate 
people who prize their work and their goals. 
I champion champions. That's my passion. 

Has your WPI degree in 
physics proven useful? 

Physics was the perfect subject to study 
because it involves the basics for how the 
world works. Now when I think about the 
world I think about what is possible, about 
simple, fundamental ideas, about the build- 
ing blocks of the ideas. I just wish the WPI 
Plan had been in place when I was a stu- 
dent. I would have loved it. I still look at 
the theoretical and the practical. In this, 
WPI offers a perfect balance. I'm drawn 
to fundamentals and how to apply them 
deliberately to make genuine contributions. 
That's why I'm here at SRI. 

— Morrison heads a full-service communica- 
tions firm based in Sturbridge, Mass. 

Transformations I Spring 2002 5 

. ■: ■ 

News From the 
Playing Fields of WPI 

Kerri Coleman (above), a junior 
majoring in biochemistry, became 
WPl's first female Ail-American in 
track and field in March. She 
secured her place in sports history 
by hurling the shot 45 feet, 9 1 /4 
inches (a personal best) at the 
NCAA Division III National Indoor 
Track Meet at Ohio Northern 
University. The toss also earned 
her 4th place in the event. 

Melvin G. Massucco, who during 
his 29 years at WPI served as director of 
intramurals, physical education instructor, 
head football coach and head golf coach, 
died in March at the age of 76. He 
retired from WPI in 1 996. 

Whit Griffith is retiring from his post of 
more than 20 years as men's and women's 
swimming and diving coach, director of 
aquatics and assistant to the athletic 
director for club sports. 

Merl Norcross, professor emeritus of 
physical education and athletics, won't be 
hanging up his track shoes any time soon. 
He recently completed his 50th year of 
involvement with WPl's track and field 
program; he has been assistant coach of 
the men's and women's teams since his 
retirement in 1 994. A member of the WPI 
Athletic Hall of Fame, he was named 
Division III New England Coach of the 
Year in 1 987. 

• Transformat ions \ Spring 2002 

FIRST LEGO League challenges middle-school students 
to discover the fun of engineering and science. 
Thousands of teams across the U.S. compete in 
tournaments like RoboNautica, held at WPI in March. 

Robot Contest Makes Engineering Fun 

How do you get boys and girls excited about science and engineering? For the organizers of 
RoboNautica, the answer is: brick by brick. LEGO bricks, to be exact. The event, billed as a 
"tech-know-logical voyage," brought teams of middle schoolers from Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island, Connecticut and Pennsylvania to campus in March to pit their robots, made from LEGO 
bricks, sensors, motors and gears, against one another in a friendly competition. 

The event, sponsored by Intel, was modeled on the events of the FIRST LEGO League, a junior 
version of the national FIRST robotics competition organized by Dean Kamen '73. "During a 
1 0-week season, each LEGO League team develops its own strategy to solve the year's 
challenge, then builds robots based on that strategy," notes Michael Sherman, WPl's design 
director and organizer of the event. "They then compete in tournaments that let them see how 
different and clever their solutions can be." 

"Programs like RoboNautica are a great step toward helping middle school students enjoy the 
world of engineering," says Robert W. Richardson, East Coast education program manager 
for the FIRST LEGO League. "It underscores the message that math and science are important 
subjects in which to excel." 

Speakers at the molecular engineering workshop included, standing, from left, Joel M. Schnur, director of the 
Naval Research Laboratory Center for Bio/Molecular Science and Engineering, Leonard Polizzotto '70, vice 
president of international business development at SRI International, Richard S. Quimby, associate professor 
of physics at WPI, and sitting, from left, John L. LaMattina, president of Pfizer Worldwide Research, Richard 
A. DeMillo, vice president and chief technology officer at Hewlett-Packard, W. Grant McGimpsey, professor 
of chemistry and biochemistry at WPI, and Nancy Burnham, associate professor of physics. 

A Big Event in the Science of the Very Small 

Once the stuff of science fiction, nanotechnology, the ability to construct and control materials 
at the molecular level, "has already resulted in important breakthroughs that will have a direct 
impact on almost every aspect of life," says William Durgin, WPl's associate provost for 
academic affairs. 

In March, corporate, government and academic leaders gathered at WPI to discuss what the 
next five years might bring in nanotechnology, also called molecular engineering, during WPl's 
second annual International Corporate/ Academic Roundtable on Emerging Technologies. Topics 
of the more than 10 presentations included biological sensors, ethics, leveraging biomechanics, 
and leveraging the genome. The experts included three WPI faculty members: Grant 
McGimpsey, Richard Quimby and Thomas Shannon 

Durgin says the roundtable was designed to serve the diverse interests of its various audiences. 
"As scientists and engineers, we want to increase our understanding and improve our ability to 
use that new knowledge. As policy makers, we want to make sure developments are ethically 
and morally responsible as well as useful. As academics, we want to make sure we have the 
creativity and structure to teach newfound knowledge and give our students the tools and 
resources to expand on these fundamental developments." 

Writing the Boolc(s) 
on American 

By Bonnie Gelbwasser 

t i 



Want to know something — anything — about American literature published in the mid- 19th century? 
Chances are, what you're looking for is somewhere in the pages of 10 reference works edited in less 
than seven years by Kent P. Ljungquist (above, left) and Wesley T. Mott, professors of English at WPI. 

"The literary answer to an encyclopedia, 
these 1 volumes comprise the standard 
reference sources on the period for public 
and private libraries," Ljungquist says. Adds 
Mott, "Our audience includes high school 
students, college students and college pro- 
fessors, and we know that these books are 
standard reading for doctoral exams in 
American and European universities." 
Mott and Ljungquist selected the 
more than 1,200 writers, theologians, 
philosophers, educators, scholars, politicians, 
scientists, artists and reformers to profile in 
the 10 volumes and handpicked the scholars 
(including several WPI faculty members) 
to write the essays. "Most important," 
Ljungquist says, "we provided a substantial 
introductory essay for each volume that 
synthesizes the historical and intellectual 
background of the period." 

The professors brought impressive 
credentials as "Americanists" to their task. 
Ljungquist is one of the world s leading 
authorities on the life and writings of Edgar 
Allan Poe. Known for his critical analyses 
of Poe's writings, in 1991 he determined 
that an unsigned review of Poe's series on 
"Autography" that appeared in 1841 was, 
in fact, written by Poe himself. Three of 
his volumes were part of the Dictionary 
of Literary Biography (DLB) series, 
published by Bruccoli Clark Laymen. The 
publisher chose his Antebellum Writers 
in the South as the most distinguished 
DLB volume published in 2001. 

Mott, an expert on Henry David 
Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson and other 
Transcendentalists, is vice president of 
publications and a member of the editorial 
advisory board for the 1 ,800-member 

Thoreau Society. He is also president of 
the Ralph Waldo Emerson Society and 
publisher of its WPI-based newsletter, 
Emerson Society Papers. 

Mott and Ljungquist are part of a 
group within WPI's Department of 
Humanities and Arts that has published 
volumes in the standard edition of works 
of several 19th century giants. The group 
includes Joel Brattin, recognized authority 
on Charles Dickens, and Assistant Provost 
Lance Schachterle, known for his textual 
editing of the works of James Fenimore 
Cooper. "This body of work is remarkable 
not only for its scope, but for the fact that 
these works were produced by professors 
at a technological university," Mott says. 
"They have created a reputation for a certain 
kind of hard-nosed scholarship emanating 
from the English group at WPI." 

Transformations \ Spring 2002 7 

Helping Diabetics Keep Their Sight 

Below: the photo on the left is a phosphorescence- 
intensity image of the blood vessels in the 
retina of a mouse, which radiate out from the 
optic nerve at the center. The image on the 
right, of the same retina, is a two-dimensional 
map of oxygen tension. Maps like this are 
helping Ross Shonat gain a better 
understanding of how oxygen is delivered 
to the retina and the role that oxygen 
metabolism and delivery play in the early 
phases of diabetic retinopathy. 

Between 25 and 45 percent of the 16 million diabetics in the United States will likely 
develop some degree of diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of blindness. Ross Shonat, 
assistant professor of biomedical engineering at WPI, hopes his research on the role of 
oxygen in vascular diseases may help point the way to new ways to tteat and prevent 
this condition. 

As diabetes progresses, and retinopathy begins to develop, 
blood vessels lose their shape and leak, and new vessels may start 
to grow. Shonat, whose research focuses on metabolic function and 
oxygenation in neural tissues, such as the eye and brain, believes 
that hypoxia, or low levels of oxygen in the eye, may cause these 
changes. He hopes to confirm this hypothesis by creating two- 
and three-dimensional maps of oxygen tension in the eye. He is 
developing the technology to create these maps with funding from 
the Diabetes-Endocrinology Research Center at the University of 
Massachusetts Medical School and the Whitaker Foundation. 
In his laboratory, Shonat uses his new mapping technology to measure the oxygen tension 
in diabetic and normal mice as they age. The measurements are helping him gain a better 
understanding of how oxygen is delivered to the retina and the role that oxygen metabolism 
and delivery play in the eatly phases of diabetic retinopathy. This research is also helping to 
uncover the relationship between oxygenation and very early, sub-clinical damage to the 
tissues of the eye. 

"If we can correlate abnormalities in the oxygen levels with the progression of diabetic 
retinopathy in the animal models," he says, "we can give ophthalmologists clinically relevant 
information they can use to better assess when and how to treat this disease. They'll also have 

a much better chance of detecting diabetic 
retinopathy early enough to prevent it 
from progressing." 

Shonat says he hopes to one day see his 
technology become the basis for a routine 
screening tool for this and other eye diseases, 
including age-related macular degeneration. 
He says the technology may also be useful for 
assessing the efficacy of certain drugs that 
may be used to treat and even reverse the 
symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. 

8 I Tit ni for mat i on i I Spring 2002 



Curbing Highway Fatalities 

Each year, about 300 people die as a result of collisions with guardrails. According to 
Malcolm Ray, the culprits in many of these fatalities are not the guardrails, themselves, 
but adjacent curbs that can cause drivers to lose control of their vehicles, and cause vehicles 
to roll over or even vault over the guardrails. 

Since the curbs are necessary to channel rainwater and prevent erosion, the solution is 
not to remove them, but to find ways to make them work in harmony with guardrails 
and other highway barriers, notes Ray, Ralph H. White Family Distinguished 
Professor in WPFs Civil and Environmental Engineering Department. 

In research sponsored by the National Cooperative Highway Research Program, 
the research arm of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation 
Officials (AASHTO), with additional supporr from the Federal Highway Admin- 
istration, Ray is determining the optimal combination of curb and guardrail designs 
and configurations, so each can do its intended job without endangering motorists. 

Traditionally, research on highway barriers has required full-scale crash testing, 
which can be expensive (about $35,000 for a single test). Ray and his research team 
complete most of their testing with sophisticated computer models. Using a nonlinear 
dynamic finite-element program called LS-DYNA, the team models vehicles, curbs 
and guardrails and performs virtual crash tests. In a fracrion of rhe time it takes to do 
real tests, they can study multiple combinarions of curbs, guardrails, impact angles 
and speeds. 

WPI is a leader among the handful of laboratories around rhe world that can 
conduct this type of analysis. In fact, the university is one of just three sites in the 
United States designated by the Federal Highway Administration as centers of excellence 
in finite-element analysis modeling. Ray says WPI will also become a leader in educarion 
in this field this fall when it inaugurates the interdisciplinary Master of Science in Impact 
Engineering program, the first of its kind in the world. 

The results of Ray's research will be included in futute updates of AASHTO s Policy 
on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets and The Roadside Design Guide. These guide- 
lines for designing safe highways are the basis for design standards in use in all 50 states. 
Ray says it is gratifying to see his work put to use so quickly to have a real impacr on safety. 

"We take real problems and come up with real solurions that are needed right away," 
he says. "For instance, the state of Pennsylvania came to us when it found that it had a system 
of guardrails rhat no longer met federal guidelines. Within a year of our first involvement, 
an improved guardrail was being installed on the Pennsylvania highways. Not only do those 
guardrails meet federal standards, bur as a result of their installation, there will be fewer 
fatal crashes." 

In the sequence below, from a 
computer simulation, a 2000- 
kilogram pickup truck traveling 
at 1 00 kilometers per hour 
collides with a guardrail and 
a 100-millimeter curb at a 25- 
degree angle. Through studies 
like this, completed with 
sophisticated finite-element 
analysis software, Malcolm Ray 
and his team are searching for 
combinations of guardrail and 
curb designs that will lower the 
incidence of fatal accidents on 
America's highways. 

"Using a nonlinear dynamic finite-element program, the team models 
vehicles, curbs and guardrails and performs virtual crash tests/' 


5 Explorations 

By Michael Dorsey 

«WJ I 


f JuSSm 


What is a city's most precious asset? For 
Fabio Carrera '84 ('95 M.S.), faculty 
member in the Interdisciplinary and Global 
Studies Division, the answer is simple: 
information. Dispersed among dozens of 
agencies and government bodies are the 
facts and figures that make a city work and 
help it grow. To make the best decisions 
about a city's future, one needs to see the 
connections between those bits of informa- 
tion, but in most cities, that's easier said 
than done. 

Carrera is an expert on how cities 
manage information and how they can 
do it better. A Ph.D. candidate in MIT's 
Department of Urban Studies and Planning, 
he has developed techniques for employing 
technology to pull information together and 
make it easier to access. I le has developed 
these techniques over more than a decade 
as director of WPI's student project center 
in his hometown of Venice, Italy. 

During that time, hundreds of WPI 
students have completed what a recent 
documentary on the National Geographic 
Channel called "an epic survey of the 
Venetian infrastructute." In dozens of 
science, technology and society projects, 
the students have studied and carefully 
cataloged everything from the city's canal 
system, to its btidges, to its boat traffic, 
to its ubiquitous but neglected public art. 

For example, under Carrera's direction, 
students have conducted an exhaustive 
study of the city's canals, work that led to 
the creation of a city agency to repair and 
maintain these byways. Another series of 
projects focused on the damage done to 
canal walls by the wakes of cargo boats. 
I hose projects may lead to an overhaul of 
(he city's Cargo delivery system thai could 
remove ')() percent of the cargo traffic 
from the canals. 

10 Transformations | Spring 200 

Photography by Patrick O'Connor 

'By bringing all of these interests together into one 
computerized system, we can get departments to 
work together to make better decisions." 

Central to the success of those projects 
was the use of geographic information sys- 
tems (GIS), sophisticated spatial databases 
that enable researchers to overlay data from 
many sources to create maps that make it 
easy to see how various types of information 
interrelate and interact in the real world. 

When Carrera became director of 
WPI's Boston Project Center a few years ago, 
he brought with him the methods and ideas 
that have played a major role in Venice's 
efforts to overcome its environmental prob- 
lems and preserve its cultural heritage. 

This winter, six student teams com- 
pleted projects for Boston's Fire and 
Environment departments, the Boston 
Redevelopment Authority (BRA), the cities 
of Cambridge and Newton, the U.S. 
Environmental Protection Agency, and the 
Boston Museum of Science (see the online 
Transformations for summaries of these 
projects). A number of these projects 
planted seeds that may result in important 
benefits for greater Boston in years to come. 

Two in particular, both conducted 
in South Boston, took important steps 
toward demonstrating the power of geo- 
graphic information systems to inform 
and streamline the decision-making process. 
The first was sponsored by the BRA and 
the Boston Landmarks Commission (part of 
the Environment Department). The BRA 
helps developers find properties that match 
their needs; the Landmarks Commission 
works to make sure that redevelopment 
doesn't destroy or alter historically signifi- 
cant sites. The students created an infor- 
mation system that not only catalogs the 
available properties in South Boston, but 
identifies characteristics, such as landmark 
status, that can impact the desirability of the 
properties to developers. 

Beneath some of these properties are 
underground storage tanks for fuel and 
other chemicals. Leakage from the tanks 
can cause environmental problems, and the 
tanks pose hazards for anyone who digs or 
blasts in the vicinity. It is the responsibility 
of the Fire Department to know where the 
tanks are and to periodically inspect them, 
but the department's methods for collecting 
and storing information about the tanks 
are antiquated. 

A second student team began the 
process of developing a computer cataloging 
and mapping system for the tanks. The 
system will ultimately be integrated with 
the system developed by the first South 
Boston team and with other geographic 
information systems to create a powerful 
tool for managing the city more holistically. 

"The interests of many city departments 
intersect, and the connections are usually 
about space," Carrera says. "One agency 
worries about storage tanks, another about 
historic preservation, another about parking 
resources. By bringing all of these interests 
together into one computerized system, we 
can get departments to work together to 
make better decisions, which will ultimately 
benefit the city as a whole." 

WPI undergraduates working at the Boston Project Center 

this spring collected, compiled and analyzed data to help 

state and local agencies improve the city. In the field were 

(from top, left to right): Malinda O'Donnell, Turin Pollard and 

Marvin Savain, who developed a system to inventory and 

track underground Fuel storage tanks; Brenda Desmond, 

Vikram Kheny and Christopher Fitzhugh, who studied how 

traffic impacts the quality and accessibility of open space 

in Chelsea and East Boston; and Michael Moriarity, 

Christopher Cullen and Chirag Patel, who studied ways 

for the City of Cambridge to better manage and 

monitor its parking resources. 

JE. / ,i 

Sv x - 

Transformations I Spring 2002 1 1 


"The first thing that struck me was the 
devastation," says Anna Cushman '91 of her first look 
at the Pentagon on the afternoon of Sept. 11. "The TV shots 
I'd seen really didn't give you a sense of the magnitude of 
the destruction. 

"The Pentagon is a massive, solid building, and the gaping 
hole where the roof had collapsed was mind-boggling. The 
building was completely disintegrated inside. There were piles 
of debris several feet deep on the ground floor, and where there 
wasn't debris, there was about half a foot of water or sludge." 

Somewhere in that massive pile of rubble lay two mangled 
metal containers that might reveal what happened aboard 
American Airlines Flight 77 in the minutes before terrorists 
crashed it into America's military headquarters. As a cockpit 
voice recorder analyst for the National Transportation Safety 
Board (NTSB), it was Cushman's job to help locate the air- 
plane's black boxes, as the voice and data recorders that all 
airliners carry are known informally. It was the first crash 
site she'd visited. 

Over the next few days, working the 3 p.m. to morning 
shift, she and several other NTSB experts struggled to separate 
airplane parts from office parts. Early on the morning of 
Sept. 14, while Cushman was at the site, the cockpit voice 
recorder, or CVR, was found. It was quickly transported across 
the Potomac to the NTSB lab in Washington, D.C., where 
Cushman works with three other analysts, and its data 
was downloaded. 

Ordinarily, that would have been just the start of 
Cushman's association with the device, but this time, it was 
the end. The events of Sept. 1 1 had already been classified as 
criminal acts, rather than accidents, so the FBI, which has its 
own forensic audio lab, took charge of the box and its data. 

Part science, part art and part 

human relations, Anna Cushman's 

job as a cockpit voice recorder 

analyst is to help find out what went 

wrong, and, maybe, keep it from 

happening again. 

Photography by Patrick O'Conn 




12 Transformation! \ Spring 




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V- - 


That's also why Cushman can't say much more about her 
role in that investigation, or about the work she did on the 
recorders recovered from Flight 93, which plowed into a field 
in Pennsylvania after passengers apparently thwarted another 
hijacking. Like the Pentagon CVR, the black box from that 
plane came to NTSB only for the extraction of its data before 
being turned over to the FBI. The recorders from the two 
planes that struck the World Trade Center have yet to be found. 

Incidents and Accidents 

The air disasters of Sept. 1 1 were anomalies. Ordinarily, the 
cause of a crash or other aviation incident remains at least 
something of a mystery until the NTSB conducts its investiga- 
tion. And for most of the 4,000 aviation incidents and acci- 
dents the agency investigates in a typical year, the mystery can 
be solved without consulting the CVR. "The investigator in 
charge determines whether it's necessary to download the infor- 
mation," Cushman says. "If you have a good pilot interview 
and it's obvious what happened, you might not need to." 
Cushman's group sees an average of one recorder per 
week, "though they always seem to come in five at a time," 
she says. Most come from smaller commercial, corporate and 
private jets, typically involved in relatively minor events like 
runway overruns. "Most of the 
incidents we get don't make the 
front page of The Washington Post — 
they don't make the Post at all," 
Cushman says. 

"The CVR might point the 

investigation in a particular 

direction, but it might turn out to be 

the wrong direction. Because of that, 

what's on the recorder is considered 

secondary supporting evidence 

in an investigation." 

Once a CVR has been delivered 
to NTSB, Cushman begins work 
immediately, day or night. Depen- 
ding on how badly the unit has been 
damaged, she may have to cut the 
box open to get at the tape or the 
memory chip. She downloads the 

audio information and prepares a sound spectrum analysis and 
a transcript. The transcript, in whole or in part, may be released 
at public hearings and in NTSB reports, but because of the sen- 
sitive nature of the sounds they contain, Congress prohibits the 
NTSB from releasing the actual tapes, themselves. 

The transcript is prepared by a group, led by Cushman, 
that includes representatives from the Federal Aviation 
Administration, the airline involved, the airplane and engine 
manufacturers, and the pilots union. The process can In- 

tedious: Cushman says a 30-minute recording can take a day 
or more to transcribe, due to constant rechecking and the 
subjective nature of trying to discern words spoken in the loud 
cockpit environment. For a serious accident, "just the last 30 
seconds of the recording can take an hour to do," she says. 

Running a CVR meeting is an exercise in group dynamics, 
which is why all CVR analysts must also be pilots. "It's hard to 
get a group of pilots to work together when they think you 
don't know anything about flying," she says. "For instance, if 
you've never experienced it, you'll have a hard time understand- 
ing how a pilot can be upside down in the clouds and not 'feel' 
upside down. Someone without pilot experience is at risk of 
being run by the group, instead of running the group." 

Cushman's technical expertise comes into play during 
the sound spectrum analysis, which creates a set of computer- 
generated waveforms (amplitude vs. time) and spectrograms 
(frequency vs. time vs. amplitude) that turn the audio informa- 
tion into three-dimensional pictures and help her identify the 
likely source of individual noises. There's still as much art as 
science to the process, she says. "You may identify the sound of 
a hydraulic pump amid the noise on a Learjet. But on the next 
Learjet you do, even if it's a sister ship, that sound might not 
record the same way because the mike might be older." 

From left, Cushman holds a cockpit area microphone. The battered, bright 
orange case of a cockpit voice recorder recovered from a crashed airliner. 
The data recorders and other mechanisms of the CVR. 

Learning to Fly 

"I've always been interested in airplanes, and I'd always wanted 
to learn how to fly," Cushman says. Despite her interest in 
aviation, Cushman passed up the Air Force Academy, where 
she was also accepted, to attend W'PI. "1 chose \\ PI because 
of the projects. And all of my projects were really cool. I ended 
up doing two projects lor NASA, and my Sufficiency was on 
photograph)' in flight. Those projects got me co-op jobs at 
I ex t run I vanning." 

I A Transformations | Spring 2002 

She played on the tennis team ("I probably hold the 
losingest tecotd at WPT," she says. "I can count on one hand 
the numbet of times I won in fout years.") and was a member 
of Alpha Gamma Delta sorority. With a degree in mechanical 
engineering, she graduated in 1991, a low point for the aero- 
space industry. Facing a dismal job market, she opted to accept 
a scholarship and earn a master's degree at Tufts University. In 
1993, she found a job at Sikorsky Aircraft in Stratford, Conn., 
teaching helicopter ground school hopefuls about hydraulic 
and electrical systems. She moved on to do engineering work, 
including waveform analysis in radar cross-section studies, 
similar to her current sound specttum work at NTSB. 

Sikotsky had one especially enticing perk: an education 
benefit that enabled her to realize her longstanding ambition to 
earn her pilots license. The program produced an unexpected 
bonus: Cushman met her husband, Jan Fredrik Wold, while at 
flight school. Actually, she admits somewhat sheepishly, he was 
her instructor. "We didn't start dating until he was no longer my 
instructor — that should be made clear!" she adds with a laugh. 

As a pilot in training, and one whose husband flies planes 
for a living, Cushman found herself developing an interest in 
flight safety. Checking out the NTSB Web site one day, she 
saw a posting for a CVR analyst, and after some internal 

Black Box 

The first thing you notice about a "black box" is that it is neither 
black nor a box. Modern flight data and cockpit voice recorders 
tend to be flat plates, roughly the size of a shoebox, with cylin- 
drical and squarish protuberances that contain the units' digital 
memory modules. To make them easy to spot at a crash scene 
(or, sometimes, well removed from the wreckage), they're painted 
bright orange. They're also equipped with radio beacons to 
make them easier to locate under water. 

_— — Typically attached to an airplane's rearmost bulkhead, where 

„ | they are most likely to survive a crash, the recorders are designed 

to withstand intense heat and extreme G forces. Still, some arrive at 
the NTSB looking like defeated Robot Wars combatants. "When we started getting the 
older recorders back with [extensive] damage, we issued a recommendation to the FAA 
to change the law and increase the structural and heat requirements," Anna Cushman 
says. Most airlines will switch to newer, tougher digital units by 2005. 

The data recorder tracks an airplane's altitude, airspeed and other vital flight 
parameters. The voice recorder stores four separate channels of audio. Three capture 
the feed from the pilot's and copilot's headsets and a cockpit area microphone usually 
mounted above the instrument panel. The fourth channel, originally designated for a 
flight engineer, now often records the announcements made over the plane's public 
address system. The microphones pick up engine noises, the sounds of mechanical 
devices (like landing gear deploying), warning signals, conversations with air traffic 
control or other pilots, automated weather briefings, and other noises that can 
provide clues about the causes of a crash or other incident. — RB 

debate, she applied just before the closing date. "When the 
offer came my way, I couldn't tefuse it," she says. 

Ironically, her husband's occupation, which was one of 
the reasons she ended up at NTSB, now determines which 
incidents she can investigate. Because he flies for American 
Eagle, the NTSB requires that Cushman tecuse herself from 
any incident involving American Airlines (including last 
November's crash of American Airlines flight 587 in New York) 
because of the potential for a conflict of interest. 

The Human Aspect 

Concerns of a different type spring to mind when many people 
contemplate what Cushman does for a living. "Isn't it depressing?" 
they ask. 

"Most of the stuff we do isn't as morbid as it sounds," 
she says. "But, yes, on occasion, it can be what you'd expect, 
what the general public thinks that we do all the time, which 
is listening to people die. 

"There really isn't any way to tt ain for that part of the 
job," she continues. "I've done several fatal accidents, and I 
can't say that you get immune to them, because that's not how 
it works. But most of the time, because of the actions of the 
crew, you're able to do your job because they were doing theirs." 
The human aspect of voices recorded on tape, 
along with the potential for those tapes to hold 
clues that may help solve an aviation mystery, 
makes the cockpit voice recorder a sensational 
part of any accident investigation, even within the 
NTSB. Cushman says of co-workers, "If they're not 
looking over your shoulder, they're poking their 
heads in the lab every two seconds, wondering 
where you're at." 

Though it's not uncommon for the media to 
camp out at the NTSB when they know a CVR 
has arrived, Cushman says it's important to under- 
stand that the in-flight tecording is not the last 
word in most accident investigations. That's largely 
due, she says, to the subjective natute of her job. 
"The CVR might point the investigation in a par- 
ticular direction," she says, "but it might turn out 
to be the wrong direction. Because of that, what's 
on the recorder is considered secondary supporting 
evidence in an investigation." 

Still, she says she never loses sight of the 
importance of the wotk she does, and its capacity 
to provide answers and, possibly, prevent future 
accidents. Nor, she says, can she rid herself of the 
memoties of those haunting voices and telltale 
sounds contained on the tapes of those rare and 
ttagic accidents. "That doesn't go away," she says. 
"Not ever, I think." D 

-Bert is a freelance writer living in Virginia. 
Transformations I Spring 2002 15 

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The collapse of the World Trade 
Center towers left thousands dead 
and a mountain of debris to clean 
up. For engineers, it also left 
behind a troubling mystery: 

the fall 

what caused two of the world's 
tallest steel-framed buildings to fall? 
Jonathan Barnett '74 and a team 
of researchers from WPI played 
a central role in helping to 
find the answers ... 

Professor Jonathan Barnett is an expert in 

structural and fire protection engineering, whose research has 
focused on building performance in fires and failure analysis. 
But that expertise didn't prepare him for the images that 
flashed across his television screen on Sept. 1 1 , 200 1 . 

He knew that the world had never seen the collapse of a 
protected steel-framed building. And yet, there were two of the 
world's tallest steel-framed towers crumbling into piles of rub- 
ble. Barnett's extensive research left him uniquely qualified to 
understand what was happening inside the blazing structures 
from the moment they were struck by speeding jetliners to the 
horrifying seconds when they dropped onto the streets of lower 
Manhattan, but, in truth, he was as surprised as anyone. 

Transformations I Spring 2002 17 

In the days following the terrotist attacks, the American 
Society of Civil Engineets (ASCE), in coopetation with the 
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), began 
assembling a "dream team" of engineers to investigate the 
causes of the destruction, not only of the main towers of the 
Trade Center, but of Building 7, the 47-story structure that 
collapsed in flames seven hours after the loss of the towers, and 
of Buildings 3, 4 and 5, which suffered extensive damage and 
partial collapse as a result of fire and impacts from falling debris. 

Barnett was approached early on, but was unprepared 
when his cell phone rang on Oct. 5, in the middle of a meet- 
ing, summoning him to join the World Trade Center Building 
Performance Assessment Team (BPAT) in New York City the 
next day for a week of fieldwork. "It was 5 o'clock on a 
Ftiday," Barnett recalls, "and I had no steel-toed boots." 

Not one to let a pair of boots stand between him and the 
professional service opportunity of a lifetime, he scoured the 
attic of the Aubut n Fife Department and found a usable pair. 
The next day he met up with the 24 other team members — 
the country's foremost structural, seismic and fire protection 
engineers. One was an alumnus, Christopher Marrion, who 
holds a master's degree in fire protection engineering from 
WPI. (See page 35 for a profile of Marrion, who leads a 
group of fellow fire protection engineering alumni at Arup Fire 
in New York City.) 

Barnett's credentials to serve as one of the two BPAT core 
members in fire protection engineering include three WPI 
engineering degrees (his master's thesis in civil engineering 
focused on seismic design of buildings; his doctoral disserta- 
tion in mechanical engineering, completed before WPI began 
granting Ph.D.s in FPE, explored the effect of fire on steel 
structures). Barnett joined WPI in 1979 as the first assistant 
director of the Center for Firesafery Studies, and in 1989 
became a tenure-track assistant professor in the discipline he 
helped create. Today he is a full professor of fire protection 
engineering and co-founder and co-director of the Melbourne 
(Australia) Project Center. 

At Ground Zero, almost a month after the 
attacks, the stench of destruction and death was still strong. 
Across the bay at the Fresh Kills Landfill on Staten Island, 
recovery teams were at work screening debris down to a quarter 
of an inch — the size of the smallest human bone. "As an engi- 
neer," Barnett says, "you tell yourself, OK, I have to be profes- 
sional, I have to take notes, I have to ignore the death around 
me. At the same time, as a human being, that's not easy to do." 

Team members toured what was left of the 16-acre World 
Trade Center Plaza, interviewed officials and eyewitnesses, and 
examined remnants of fallen structures at the Staten Island 
landfill and at salvage yards. Steel samples were cut and cata- 
loged for further study, and some were taken back to WPI 
for analysis (see story, page 20). 

Besides asbestos dust and bio-contamination, the investi- 
gators faced physical dangers in the unstable buildings. On a 
walk-through of Building 5, Barnett's group noticed that the 
floor slab beneath them was severed. When they checked from 
below, they discovered that they had been standing on unsup- 
ported rubble. Later, while taking measurements in the build- 
ing's subterranean parking garage, the roof started to collapse, 
and they fled to safety. 

In addition to his work at Ground Zero, Barnett drove 
to the Fresh Kills Landfill with teammates Marrion, Venkatesh 
Kbdur and Saw-Teen See (wife of the towers' designer, Leslie E. 
Roberston, and a partner in Robertson's firm) to see the steel 
recovered from the Trade Center. After showing his pass to the 
guard at the gatehouse, Barnett was directed to the appropriate 
area, where he parked his two-week-old Acura. 

"I've been to landfills," he says, "and this one didn't smell 
right to me." Knowing that the rubble brought to the site con- 
tained human remains, he quickly urged See back into the car, 
and when Marrion and Kodur resisted, Barnett insisted that he 
was getting his car and his teammates out of there, right away. 
As they closed the doors, a dozen workers in full Tyvek biohaz- 
ard gear walked by. "See that?" said Barnett, feeling vindicated. 
"I think maybe we're underdressed for the occasion." 

'New Yorkers were just so friendly and willing to support our efforts 
in any way they could, even if it was just with a smile." 

18 Transformations I S firing 

™^^~ k 


He drove to New 
Jersey as quickly as he 
could. "We took out the 
floor mats and wiped them 
on the grass, and we ail 
wiped our feet. Then we 
took the car to a carwash." ^ 

Despite the grim 
nature of its task, the BPAT members were warmly welcomed. 
Barnett was thanked by strangers in the street, and ushered to 
a seat on a packed subway car when his ID badge slipped out 
from under his shirt. At the upscale Tribeca Grille, the grimy 
engineers, still in their work clothes, were escorted to a center 
table, once the maitre d' learned who they were. 

"New Yorkers were just so friendly and willing to support 
our efforts in any way they could, even if it was just with a 
smile," Barnett says. 

The complex science of fire modeling can be 

reduced to two questions: "How hot?" and "Where?" 

Those were the questions facing Barnett and his team 
back at WPI when he returned to campus to begin analysis 
of the data — which included two cartons of videotapes, thou- 
sands of photographs and detailed construction documents. 
While other members of the BPAT looked at seismic data, 
emergency response and evacuation, Barnett simulated the 
fires, focusing on the floors of impact. 

"To understand the collapse, we needed to know how 
the structural elements of the towers stood up to the stresses 
inflicted on the morning of Sept. 1 1," explains doctoral candi- 
date James A. (Jay) Ierardi '97 ('99 M.S.), who previously 
worked with Barnett on the analysis of the 1999 Worcester 
Cold Storage warehouse fire. As the FEMA report indicates, 
the twin towers withstood the mechanical insult of the planes' 
impact, but were then subjected to interior fires, with tempera- 
tures ranging from 200 to 2,000 degtees Fahrenheit. 

The WTC fires were remarkable in two ways: first, for 
their sheer size, and second, for the fact that such a large area 
was ignited instantaneously. (Typical office fires start small and 
spread slowly, Ierardi says.) The towers were penetrated by 
planes canted at a 30-degree angle and a 45-degree angle, 




Barnett, at left, with other members 
of the building performance team at 
the Fresh Kills Landfill, where piles 
of steel from the World Trade Center 
towers were stored. 

which immediately set four or 
five floors — each about an acre 
in area — ablaze. Barnett com- 
pares the jet fuel that doused 
those floots and flowed down 
elevator shafts to charcoal lighter 
fluid. With rapid flashover on so 
many floors, sprinkler pressure 
would have been inadequate, even if the water supply lines had 
not been severed by the aircraft. Ierardi speculates that the hijackers 
knowingly calculated the angle of their hits to overwhelm the 
buildings' fire-suppression mechanisms. 

To compute the size of the fires, Barnett needed to know 
how much oxygen was available to burn the 10,000-gallon fuel 
load in each 767. His calculations included the enormous holes 
ripped open by the planes, and the dimensions and location of 
every window, stairwell, and elevator or utility shaft. He also 
plotted the layout of offices, the location of partitions and fur- 
nishings, and flammability specification of the building materials, 
furnishings and other contents. 

To determine which windows were open during the fire, 
Barnett examined more than 120 hours of videotape to see 
where smoke was venting. WPI undetgraduates pitched in, 
taking home tapes to screen over the Thanksgiving break. One 
of these students was Patrick T Spencer '05, son of fallen fire- 
fighter Thomas E. Spencer; Pattick came to WPI on a scholar- 
ship set up for children of victims of the Worcestet warehouse 
fire. Ironically, he was the one who first informed Barnett of 
the terrorist strikes on the morning of Sept. 1 1 . Graduate 
students in Barnett's failure analysis class helped calculate 
how much jet fuel the initial fireballs consumed. 

To quantify and compute all of these variables in such 
a large, complex space — a space that no longer exists — is a 
mammoth task that tequires painstaking research and a certain 
amount of informed speculation. The size and complexity of 
the problem challenged even WPI's fastest computers. Barnett 
says it took one week to simulate 10 minutes' worth of the fire. 
During the three weeks of report writing, only 40 minutes of 
the fire event could be modeled. The complete simulations 
won't be available until fall. 

(Continued on page 21) 

Transformations I Spring 2002 19 

Biederman, standing, and Siss 
and other tools to uncover the 
the collapsed World Trade Cen 

There is no indication that any 
of the fires in the World Trade 
Center buildings were hot 
enough to melt the steel 
framework. Jonathan Barnett, 
professor of fire protection 
engineering, has repeatedly 
reminded the public that steel — 
which has a melting point of 
2,800 degrees Fahrenheit — may 
weaken and bend, but does not 
melt during an ordinary office 
fire. Yet metallurgical studies on 
WTC steel brought back to WPI 
reveal that a novel phenomenon — 
called a eutectic reaction — 
occurred at the surface, causing 
intergranular melting capable of 
turning a solid steel girder into 
Swiss cheese. 

Materials science professors 
Ronald R. Biederman and Richard D. Sisson Jr. 
confirmed the presence of eutectic formations by examining 
steel samples under optical and scanning electron microscopes. 
A preliminary report was published in JOM, the journal of the 
Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. A more detailed analysis 
comprises Appendix C of the FEMA report. The New York Times 
called these findings "perhaps the deepest mystery uncovered in 
the investigation." 

The significance of the work on a sample from Building 7 and 
a structural column from one of the twin towers becomes apparent 
only when one sees these heavy chunks of damaged metal. 
A one-inch column has been reduced to half-inch thickness. Its 
edges — which are curled like a paper scroll — have been thinned 
to almost razor sharpness. Gaping holes — some larger than a 
silver dollar — let light shine through a formerly solid steel flange. 
This Swiss cheese appearance shocked all of the fire-wise 
professors, who expected to see distortion and bending — but 
not holes. 

A eutectic compound is a mixture of two or more substances that 
melts at the lowest temperature of any mixture of its components. 
Blacksmiths took advantage of this property by welding over fires 
of sulfur-rich charcoal, which lowers the melting point of iron. 
In the World Trade Center fire, the presence of oxygen, sulfur 
and heat caused iron oxide and iron sulfide to form at the surface 
of structural steel members. This liquid slag corroded through 
intergranular channels into the body of the metal, causing severe 
erosion and a loss of structural integrity. 

on used this electron microscope 
unusual properties of steel from 

"The important questions," 
says Biederman, "are how 
much sulfur do you need, and 
where did it come from? 
The answer could be as 
simple — and this is scary — 
as acid rain." 

Have environmental 
pollutants increased the 
potential for eutectic 
reactions? "We may have just 
the inherent conditions in the 
atmosphere so that a lot of 
water on a burning building 
will form sulfuric acid, 
hydrogen sulfide or 
hydroxides, and start the 
eutectic process as the steel 
heats up," Biederman says. 
He notes that the sulfur could 
also have come from contents 
of the burning buildings, such as rubber or plastics. Another 
possible culprit is ocean salts, such as sodium sulfate, which is 
known to catalyze sulfidation reactions on turbine blades of jet 
engines. "All of these things have to be explored," he says. 

From a building-safety point of view, the critical question is: 
Did the eutectic mixture form before the buildings collapsed, or 
later, as the remains smoldered on the ground. "We have no idea," 
admits Sisson. "To answer that, we would need to recreate those 
fires in the FPE labs, and burn fresh steel of known composition 
for the right time period, with the right environment." He hopes to 
have the opportunity to collaborate on thermodynamically controlled 
studies, and to observe the effects of adding sulfur, copper and 
other elements. The most important lesson, Sisson and Biederman 
stress, is that fail-safe sprinkler systems are essential to prevent 
steel from reaching even 1 ,000 degrees Fahrenheit, because 
phase changes at the 1 ,300-degree mark compromise a 
structure's load-bearing capacity. 

The FEMA report calls for further metallurgic investigations, 
and Barnett, Biederman and Sisson hope that WPI will obtain 
NIST funding and access to more samples. They are continuing 
their microscopic studies on the samples prepared by graduate 
student Jeremy Bernier and Marco Fontecchio, the 2001-02 
Helen E. Stoddard Materials Science and Engineering Fellow. 
(Next year's Stoddard Fellow, Erin Sullivan, will take up this 
work as part of her graduate studies.) Publication of their 
results may clear up some mysteries that have confounded 
the scientific community. — JKM 

........... .».,/, 

01 ni m 1 001 110101101 01 001 

(Continued from page 19) 

Barnett estimates that on top of his academic and 
civic activities, he's put mote than 600 hours into the BPAT 
investigation. In the months between the October fieldwork 
and the May 1 release of the FEMA report, he made one or 
two trips per week, sometimes flying back and forth between 
WPI and Washington in a single day to teach classes and attend 

He is the lead author on the section of the report that 
describes the metallurgy work done by WPI professors Ronald 
Biederman and Richard Sisson, as well as the chapters about 
Buildings 4, 5 and 6. He is a co-author on the chapters about 
the collapse of Buildings 1 and 2 (the twin towers). "I think 
the most important outcome of the FEMA report is that we've 
identified areas that need to be studied," Barnett says. "Before 
you spend millions of dollars [on further investigations], you 
need to know what to spend it on." 

A bigger budget, more time and earlier access to the scrap 
vards, where steel was being cut up and sold, would have 
enhanced the investigation, he says. "You do the best you can, 
with the available resources. I think we did a very credible job." 
Efforts are under way to address factors that hindered FEMA's 
BPAT investigation. The proposed "National Construction 
Safety Team Act of 2002" outlines procedures to ensure that 
evidence is preserved in the event of another attack of this 

In interviews, Barnett has repeatedly stressed that the pub- 
lic does not need to worry about living and working in high- 
rise buildings. "Our buildings are generally safe," he reiterates. 
"If we were doing filings that were unsafe, then periodically we 
would have had failures. In fact, I would suggest, because we've 
never had failures, we probably over-design." 

On May 1, Barnett accompanied BPAT leader Gene 
Corley to Washington to respond to questions as Corley pre- 
sented the team's findings to Congress. FEMA has proposed a 
S 1 6-million, multiyear follow-up investigation, to be headed 
by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). 
Two areas earmarked in the FEMA report for further study are 
the metallurgical examinations performed by Biederman and 
Sisson, and the fire modeling computations done by Barnett. 
WPI hopes to obtain NIST funding to pursue these investiga- 
tions. The report also calls for further examination of the 
building and fire codes, but recommends against considering 
aircraft impact as a design parameter for every structure. "I 
think the lessons for ordinary buildings are few and far 
between," says Barnett. 

The terrorist artacks and their aftermarh highlight the 
importance of fire protection engineering as a discipline, and 
the need for closer ties with the field of structural engineering, 
Barnett says. The FEMA report specifically recommends cross 
training between the disciplines, to ensure that the impact of 
fire is adequately addressed in the design process. 

Barnett says he is grateful to have had the chance to par- 
ticipate in an important national study, working with a team 
of professionals to tackle questions that are important to his 
profession and the country (and that provide a real-world case 
study to bring into the classroom). "In my career," he says, 
"I've never had the privilege of working with so many awesome 
practitioners." D 

Editor's Note: The online Transformations has links to 
the full ASCE/FEMA report to Congress and to much of 
the news coverage Barnett and the WPI team has garnered, 
including the comprehensive hour-long documentary, 
"Why the Towers Fell," that aired on NOVA in April. 

Why the World Trade Center Towers Fell 
Highlights of the building performance study: 

■ It was the simultaneous fires, on multiple floors, rather 
than burning jet fuel (much of which was consumed in 
the initial fireballs), that weakened the structural steel 
elements enough to precipitate the collapse. 

■ Robust and redundant steel framing, adequate and well- 
lighted stairways, and emergency training contributed to 
the towers' resilience and the safe egress of occupants. 

■ Lightweight fireproofing, probably blown off of the 
structural steel, sprinkler supply pipes severed by flying 
debris, gypsum wallboard around the stairwells, which 
collapsed and blocked access, and the grouping of 
stairwells in the buildings' core, which increased their 
vulnerability to a single impact, may have contributed to 
the collapse or hindered the escape of occupants above 
the impact zones. 

■ctural Lessons Learn 

. Terrorist Targets 

Need redundancy 

Need robustness 

nsiderfire resistance re 
irtance of member I 

W. Gene Corley, left, of the American Society of Civil Engineers, and 
Jonathan Barnett present the findings of the World Trade Center building 
performance study to the House Committee on Science on May 1 . 

Transformations I Spring 2002 21 

On a rainy night, a small-town police officer brings 
in a haggard drunk-and-disorderly suspect. He takes his 
picture and enters it into the department's image database. 
Out comes a photo of a curly haired, skinny, smooth-faced 
teenager. But the prisoner is bald, with a bushy mustache, 
and 100 pounds heavier than the youth in the photo. 
Eyeing the image, the prisoner blurts out, "Where did 
you get my high school picture?" 

Uganda, eager to protect the integrity of its first demo- 
cratic election, uses a similar image database to ferret out 
irregularities. The system catches 30 people as they try to 
vote a second time — a success that helps persuade the 
European Union of the merit of providing economic aid 
to help stabilize this emerging nation. 

At the Super Bowl, in more than 150 casinos worldwide, 
in the motor vehicle registration departments of 1 5 states, 
and in Boston's hitherto porous Logan International Airport, 
facial recognition technology developed by one Massachusetts 
company is improving security, aiding law enforcement and 
helping build public confidence. 

Viisage Technology in Littleton is a leading developer of 
facial biometric systems. Its "face-in-the-crowd" applications 
convert anybody's picture (even a composite sketch) to 128 
coefficients, compare these with a database of more than a 
million facial images (the world's largest), and in under one 
second, either make a match or prove there is no match 
(see sidebar, page 25). 

22 Transformations I Spring 2002 


The events of Sept. 
fundamental issues of security into sharp 
focus. How can we be sure that pe 
who they say they are? How can w. 
terrorists and others intent on doing harm 

before they act? The 


technology developed by Denis Berube's 
company may provide one answer. 


According to Denis K. Berube '65, the company's chair- 
man, Viisage's emphasis on facial recognition stems from its 
belief that our faces are our most reliable and efficient means of 
identification. Code words and PINs can be lost, forgotten or 
stolen. Fingerprints are alterable through surgery. Retinal scans 
require cooperation, and the intrusive procedure must be done 
one person at a time. 

Someone whose aim is to move unnoticed on the way to 
doing harm will hardly undergo 
such checks. But someone in a 
crowd can't avoid his own face. 
Even modest plastic surgery won't 
help. In fact, the proprietary algo- 
rithms underlying Viisage's security 
and protection products are so sen- 
sitive that they can distinguish 
between identical twins. 

Viisage products offer private 
verification for point-of-sale trans- 
actions, secure authentication for 
computet, Internet and e-commerce 
connections, and keyless entry to 
secure facilities, such as offices, dor- 
mitories and government facilities. 
Annually, they deliver more than 
25 million high-quality and high- 
security digital-identification docu- 
ments for government agencies 
responsible for issuing driver's 
licenses, social services cards and 
law enforcement credentials. 

They have helped detect ATM 
fraud, identify missing persons, 
spot deadbeat dads, and pick out 
fugitives for the U.S. Marshals. 
Recently, they helped National 
Geographic verify the identity of the 
"Afgan Girl," Sharbut Gula, by 
comparing recent photos of her with 
the famous image that graced the 
cover of the magazine 17 years ago. 

The company is best known 
for FaceFINDER, the system that 
provides security at casinos, sport- 
ing events and airports. Acclaimed for its fast processing speed, 
it has become the industry's most widely implemented surveil- 
lance and ident- 
ification system. The U.S. Patent & Trademark Office recently 
acknowledged Viisage's real-time face recognition technology 
as one of the 10 most important inventions to improve home- 
land security. 

Viisage's emphasis on 
facial recognition stems 
from its belief that our 
faces are our most reliable 
and efficient means of 

Standing shirtsleeved in a busy bullpen of 

offices, Denis Berube sweeps his right arm to take in Viisage's 
buzzing 142,000-square-foot premises. "The people of Viisage 
could work anywhere in the world they choose to," he says. 
"They need the highest level of intellectual stimulation, the 
excitement of doing important work, and the comfort of 
knowing they can make a difference for the safety of our coun- 
try. They're here." 

Berube manages on the move. 
He roams. He listens. He talks. He 
waves. He questions. His eyes rove. 
He's casual, yet concentrated. "It's 
no mystery, this walking around," 
he says. "I can't be much of a leader 
if I can't influence our culture, and I 
can't influence our culture unless 
I'm right in the middle of it." 

For more than three decades, 
Berube has found himself in the 
middle of a constantly changing 
panorama of leading-edge technol- 
ogy. Born in Holyoke, Mass., he 
attended Williston Academy in 
nearby Northampton, where he is 
now a trustee. He quarterbacked the 
football team, played shortstop on 
the baseball team, and led the ski 
team to two undefeated seasons. 
One day, without explanation, the 
headmaster informed him that he 
must apply to WPI. "He just told 
me," he says with a shrug. 

"WPI put me in touch with the 
physical world at the same time that 
it taught me how to build relation- 
ships," says Berube, who majored in 
electrical engineering. "And my 
work ethic comes from my WPI 
davs. I remember dying over those 
motor lab reports! 

"But for all of the knowledge 
1 came awav with, it was my approach 
to life, my appreciation tor the 
diversity of physical experiences, 
the hands-on philosophy, and the ability to network that make 
me truly grateful to WPI. I'm proud of the university's high 
ranking among the world's technology schools. 

Recruited out of college to work I'm General F.lcctric's 
Ordnance Systems unit in Pittsfield, Mass.. he did field service 
engineering on the missile guidance and fire control systems for 
the Navy's fleei of ballistic submarines. "Working closel) with 

24 Tram for mat ions I Spring 200^ 

Who Goes There? 

A Facial Recognition Primer ^ 

How does Viisage perform its nearly instantaneous feats of facial 
recognition? The process begins by reducing the variability of the 
human face to a set of numbers. 

Using a mathematical technique called principal components analy- 
sis, one can examine a large group of faces and extract the most effi- 
cient building blocks required to describe them. It turns out that any 
human face can be represented as the weighted sum of 1 28 of these 
building blocks, known as EigenFaces. With this technique, the essence 
of a human face can be reduced to just 256 bytes of information. 

The recognition process involves comparing the EigenFace weights 
for two faces using a proprietary algorithm that generates a match 
score. Different faces will produce a poor match score; images of the 
same face will produce a good match score. 

In systems that require one-to-one comparison (for example, 
verifying that you are the person pictured on your driver's license or 
passport), the EigenFace weights of authorized personnel are recorded 
in a central database. When someone steps before a camera, his or 
her face is quickly compared to all of the faces in the database to see 
if it generates a match. 

In a one-to-many search, a database is created containing faces 
of individuals whose presence would warrant action: known terrorists, 
most-wanted criminals, or missing persons, for example. Cameras, 
overtly or covertly deployed at strategic locations, capture, in real 
time, each face in the field of view and compare it with all records 
in the database. 

With the computational power of a standard personal computer, 
the Viisage technology can complete the entire facial recognition 
process in as little as one tenth of a second, with a high degree of 
accuracy. Independent biometric testing has disclosed that the system 
has a miniscule error rate. — LM 

■> S«Hti Gdtor Sm»i R™fc at *i*r> f™ 


OMro WcWxte .tatgn mt centred m rgJ to •■ 

weapons officers, some of whom I would later meet as admirals, 
I discovered how to stay in touch with the customer, to under- 
stand customer needs and even to anticipate them," he says. 

The components of Berube's career were assembling them- 
selves. In the 1970s, he was directly responsible for a large 
project involving ticklish requirements and improvements for 
accuracy, launch rate, inertial guidance, and the coordination 
of databases with the Defense Mapping Agency. It was complex 
in scope, even by today's standards, he says. He later managed 
advanced engineering, including fault tolerant flight and fire 
control design, for a one-of-a-kind "black operations" project 
involving the B-2 bomber. Meanwhile, in 1971, he earned a 
masters degree in electrical engineering at Union College. 

"Thanks to WPI and Union College, I had a rock solid 
engineering education," Berube says. "My GE assignments 
immersed me in some of the worlds most advanced engineer- 
ing opportunities, and I came to appreciate the vital center of 
customer relationships." 

In 1985, Berube was recruited as vice president for mar- 
keting at Elbit Computers Limited, an Israeli firm headed by 
Gen. Benny Peled, the pilot in the famous Entebbe rescue 
operation. In just 30 months, the company, which produced 
thermal imaging and tank fire control systems, sprang from 
zero revenue to $50 million. By then Berube had married 
Joanna T Lau, whom he'd met while both worked at GE. 
They shared a dream of someday working for themselves. 

Transformations I Spring 2002 2 5 

Born in Hong Hong, Lau is the daughter of the late Gen. 
Joseph Lau, who served in Chiang Kai-shek's army. She came 
to the United States in 1976, with her mothet and five of her 
seven brothers and sisters, and got busy. She earned a bachelor's 
degree in computer science and applied mathematics at the 
State University of New York at Stony Brook, a master's in 
computer engineering from Old Dominion University, a cer- 
tificate from GE's prestigious ABC Program at Syracuse 
University, and an MBA from Boston University. 

While still a student at BU, she organized the purchase 
of a defense industry subcontractor in Acton, Mass., a unit 
of an Arizona company called Bowmar. In 1990, Joanna 
and Denis and 23 Bowmar employees turned the buyout 
into Lau Technologies. 

Then came Operation Desert Storm. Lau Technologies 
garnered a contract to supply circuit boards to upgrade 
malfunctioning Bradley Fighting Vehicles, which were being 
marshaled in large numbers to roll into Kuwait. In just 45 
days, the company shipped 8,000 circuit boards to Riyadh, 
an assignment that would normally take 270 days. Knowing 
the company's reputation for quality, the U.S. Army bypassed 
the test-and-check stage and installed the circuit boards for 
combat; they worked perfectly. 

In recognition of this achievement, Lt. Gen. Paul 
Gteenberg, head of the Army Materiel Command, awarded 
Lau Technologies one of 1 1 Desert Storm Battle Ribbons 
conferred nationally. Subsequently, Joanna Lau received 
the esteemed Nunn-Perry Award for the company's excellent 
performance in the nation's defense. 

Joanna and Denis saw four possible directions for Lau 
Technologies. "We focused on facial recognition in 

verifying driver's licenses, which we expanded into Viisage," he 
says, "but any one of those possibilities could have succeeded as 
we diversified from strictly military work." 

Taking on the legendary Polaroid Corporation, Viisage 
acquired from MIT a technology dubbed EigenFace. The 
young company developed algorithms and spent millions of 
dollars and more than a hundred person-years in constructing 
its face-in-the-crowd technology and family of products. 

Viisage continues to evolve. Through acquisitions in 
concert with its own research and development, the company 
is now marketing three new products that support its facial 
recognition product lines. Berube sees significant consolidation 
coming in the biometric and security systems integration 
industry, a trend that should be a boon to Viisage, currently 
the world's largest face recognition company, with a revenue 
market share of 47 percent. 

Lau Technologies departed the military marketplace last 
fall with the sale of Lau Defense Systems Inc. to Curtis-Wright. 
The parent company of Viisage now stares startups straight in 
the face and ushers them through their growing pains, Berube 
says. The engineer-businessman declares Viisage different from 
the oft-maligned venture capitalists who, in the view of some, 
care only about profit. "Sometimes," he notes, "even without 
investing in a company or sitting on its board, we provide 
friendly assistance, just for the love of it." D 

— Morrison leads a full-service communications firm based in 
Sturbridge, Mass. 



Technology that can identify 
individuals surreptitiously as they walk 
down the street or through an airport concourse naturally 
raises questions. For example, is the way a culprit is 
caught as important as the apprehension itself? In a nation 
made nervous by terrorism, must individual privacy be 
sacrificed? And, perhaps most important, who is watching 
and what are they doing with what they see? 

Denis Berube understands these deep-seated concerns 
and points out that Viisage's products respond to them. 
"The Viisage facial recognition technology can only match 
a bad guy's face because it automatically and ins, 

throws away any non- 
Cllrity VS. PrilfaCy matching picture." he says. 

"There is no ethnic bias, no 
nationality bias, no racial or gender bias. The system looks 
only for people who are known threats to society; every- 
body else gets ignored. 

"The system is positioned in public places where no one 
expects to receive privacy, or in workplaces, for example, 
where innocents go ignored by the system and only 
those who don't belong gain notice. These are, at bottom, 
peace-of-mind and quality-of-lif e issue*. We're working 
with Congress to make sure this tool stays in good 
hands. We can't stand by as those who are determined 
to break or evade the norms of a civilised society scheme 
to convert our strengths of openness into a devastating 
weakness. We can make a difference." 

In his haunting photographs, 
Kirk Jalbert '97 shows us a 
Worcester we seldom see. 
Through his artistry, we take 
in the beauty of the city in 
the dark recesses of night, 
and search for answers amid 
the discarded remains of our 

An upended wheelchair rests on a hillside, weeds growing 

between the spokes. A heap of books slowly decomposes into dust. Who left 
behind the books? Where is the wheelchair's owner? These unresolved stories, 
about nameless, absent people, are the subject of Kirk Jalbert's photographs. 

After earning a computer science degree at WPI in 1997, Jalbert began to 
explore the unseen corners of Worcester with his large format camera. His 
haunting black-and-white images do not editorialize about development or 
urban decay, nor do they pit the manmade environment against the beauty of 
nature. His goal is to render the "everyday landscape" that can be seen when 
we drop our preconceptions. 

"Worcester by Night," his show two years ago in WPTs Gordon Library, 
revealed a realm of surprising beauty, full of light and motion. Captured 
through long exposures (up to an hour for a single photograph), familiar 
landmarks took on a surreal quality: trees in Elm Park shrouded in luminous 
fog (above); neon-lit storefronts ablaze in a sea of darkness. 

"I was trying to encourage people to change their opinion of what it 
means to be out at night in the city — to become more comfortable and realize 
that it's beautiful," says Jalbert. 

If "Worcester by Night" celebrated a city few are brave enough to wit- 
ness, Jalbert's most recent show, "Urban Remains," zeros in on things we don't 

Transformations I Spring 2002 27 

take the time to see. The focus is the relationship between the 
city's landscape and its inhabitants, as evidenced by places 
"void of their presence yet marked by their passing." 

Like an urban archeologist, Jalbert searches for answers 
in the detritus of abandoned buildings and trash heaps, and 
in graffiti, which he says is the ultimate example of learning 
about people based on what they leave behind. "You're on the 
trail of an unknown person, looking at their wake and trying 
to figure out who they are." 

Jalbert took his first photography course at the Worcester 
Center for Crafts in 1997 as a diversion, while recovering from 
months of hospitalization and illness. "It was like a door opened. 

and all of a sudden my creative energies came pouring out, he 
says, in his quiet baritone voice. "It was almost like therapy." 

Today, he teaches photography at Clark University (he also 
teaches at the craft center and has taught at Atlantic Union 
College) and sees the same catharsis in students lacing difficult 
family or personal issues. "The)' pour themselves into their 
work, because it's the onlv thing thev do where they reel like 
they have complete control." 

At WPI, Jalbert took every art history class the universit} 
offered, though he had no idea of how he would use them. 
After graduation, he wrote software im computet and phar- 
maceutical companies! but was disappointed because the work 

28 Transformations I Spring 200 ' 

The photography. Page 27: Elm Park Fog (1999). Page 28: Clockwise from top, The Gateway Bridge (2000), Bus Slop Booth 
(2000), Number 5 (coffee-tinted gelatin silver print, 2000); Norton, Ararat Street (2000). Page 29: Clockwise from top, left, Left 
(2000), Cloud and Fence (2000), Morning Light in a Studio (coffee-tinted gelatin silver print, 2000), Gold Street Garage (2000), 
Brite, Webster Square (2000). All photos © Kirk Jalbert. To see more photos and order prints, visit 

didn't have the creative element he'd hoped for. "Don't get me 
wrong," he says. "At WPI, I knew people who could make code 
float on air. They were really artists with what they were doing. 
But it wasn't my art. 

"The whole logical thinking process stressed at WPI 
is completely applicable to everything I do," he continues. 
"Photography is a technical art. It's really like one big equation. 
I have to worry about the concentrations of my solutions and 
the life spans of my chemicals. I have to know something 
about the science of optics and how film works. When you 
can really understand that, I think, you have the ability to 
use your equipment to a higher level." 

For now, Jalbert is firmly rooted in Worcester, energized 
by its lively arts community and fascinated by its varied land- 
scapes. ( He's also pursuing a master of fine arts degree at the 
Museum of Fine Arts School in Boston.) To those who wonder 
why he doesn't go after more exotic or pristine settings, he 
responds, "I don't live in the woods. I live in a city. I photo- 
graph the things I encounter on a daily basis. 

"There are beautiful and ugly parts of anywhere," 
he contends. "I've always felt that you can spend a lifetime 
photographing things that are within an hour of your 
house and not run out of material. "D 

Transformations I Spring 2002 29 

From Your Alumni Association President 



WPI has been transforming the academic world's concept of higher 
technical education for over three decades. Our competitors are 
paying us the ultimate compliment — they'te embracing and mim- 
icking the fundamentals of our approach to teaching and learning. 
The impact of what WPI has accomplished is finally getting the 
recognition it deserves. The problem is, WPI is not. 

As President Parrish pointed out in the first issue of Transformations, WPI has embarked 
on a comprehensive program to market WPFs unique educational offering. One goal is to make 
WPI a "household word" in the homes of high school juniors and seniors who are seeking a 
technical education. 

To continue attracting the best and the brightest, we must become better known — in 
Massachusetts, California and Beijing. With greater name recognition will come many benefits: 
greater selectivity, more financial aid for students who need it, easier access to federal and foun- 
dation grant money, improved job placement opportunities, improved networking opportunities 
for alumni, and WPFs survival as a private university. 

The WPI Alumni Association, and all alumni, will have a role to play in this marketing effort. 
In this and future issues of Transformations, I will communicate information about your asso- 
ciation, the role of the association in supporting the marketing plan, and the role you can play 
in making the world more aware of WPI. 

In this message, I'm happy to report that Elizabeth Howland, who has worked as a development 
officer at WPI since 1998, has become WPFs new director of alumni affairs. Beth holds an asso- 
ciate's degree in medical technology and a bachelor's degree in health education from the 
University of Vermont, and a master's in professional higher education administration from the 
University of Connecticut. Before coming to WPI, she was director of development for UConn's 
School of Nursing and School of Pharmacy. 

She says she is looking forward to continuing to build and expand WPFs connections to its 
graduates through programs, events and personal interaction. On behalf or the association and its 
leadership, I'd like to add that we're looking forward to helping her succeed at that important goal. 

Dusty Klauber '67 

2002 Alumni Association Awards 

The following awards were presented at Reunion 2002. Text of the citations may be read at 

Robert H. Goddard Award for Outstanding Professional Achievement 

Daniel A. Funk '77 Orthopedic Surgeon, Peak Performance Orthopedics 

Curtis R. Carlson '67 President & CEO, SRI International 

Paul A. Lacouture '72 President, Network Services Croup, Verizon Communications 

Bruce D. Minsky '77 Professor of Radiation & Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering 

Herbert F. Taylor Award for Distinguished Service to WPI 

John M. Tracy '52 Joseph J. Maggi '67 Paul S. Kennedy '67 

Charles M. Stasey '57 Robert H. Beckett '57 

Ichabod Washburn Young Alumni Award for Professional Achievement 

George R. Oliver '82 President, GE Aircraft Engines 

Nancy M. Pimental '87 Script Writer, Comedy Central 

Donald P. Zereski '87 President, Strcelmail 

John Boynton Young Alumni Award for Service to WPI 

Joyce S. Kline '87 

Albert J. Schwieger School of Industrial Management Award IPrasenh 
Preston W. Hall '61 SIM Retired Chairman, Woll Coach 


49ers with e-mail 
addresses that 
need posting or 

updating may contact me at 
wajulian@alum.wpi, or 1-804- 
744-3654. Good stuff can then 
be sent to you much faster than 
by pony express, so crank up 
your PC pronto! 

— Bill Julian 


Robert Stempel 

was presented with 
the IEEE's 2001 
Golden Omega Award at the 
organization's Electric Insularion 
Conference (EIC)'s Electric 
Manufacturing Coil Winding 
Association Expo in Cincinnati, 

Norman Ristaino 

^N / is retired from 

the U.S. Army's 
Natick Labs. A lifelong resident 
of Franklin, R.I., he has served 
on many town boards. 

Windle Priem 

V- I was elected to the 
^f ^ board of direcrors 
of EMC Corp. He is currently 
vice chairman and director of 
Korn/Ferry Inrernational. 

Robert Condrate, 

professor emerirus 
\*J \_/ of spectroscopy at 
the New York State College of 
Ceramics at Alfred University, 
was made a fellow of the 
Canadian Ceramic Society. He 
is also a fellow of the American 
Ceramic Society, Royal Society 
of Chemistry and American 
Institute of Chemists. 

Larry Israel has 

accepted a part- 
\>J JL time appointment 
as executive director of the 
Assistive Technology Industry 
Association ( 
He had been the organization's 
founding president since 1998, 
and continues to provide legal 
counsel and serve on the board 
of directors. Larry adds that 
although he does not practice 
disability law as such, he 
would be pleased to provide 
information and referrals to 
the WPI community based on 
his 30 years of experience in 
the industry. 

Bill Brutsch '62 

('81 MSM) 
retired this spring 
as chief operating officer of the 
Massachusetts Water Resources 
Authority. In more than 30 
years of service to the state, 
he has overseen significant 
changes to the region's water 
and sewer infrastructure, 
including the Boston Harbor 
Project, the Integrated Water 
Supply Improvement Program, 
and the Metro West Tunnel. 
Among the agency's success 
stories, he values rhe Demand 
Managemenr Program, a 
rehabilitation and conservation 
effort that averted the need to 
divert the Connecticut River 
to supply Grearer Boston. 


H km 

what I enjoy! I watch/attend basketball, 
baseball and football games, lift weights, 
run, drink, and travel — and I've become 
GREAT at napping! 


Mike Littizzio 

has retired from 
Jamesbury Corp., 

bur continues as a consultant 

to the company. 

Ted Zoli's Critical Lift offshore 
racing team competed in the 
APBA Offshore Races in 
Marathon, Fla., in May. The 
team's complete schedule is 
posted at 
Ted lives in Glens Falls, N.Y., 
and works for Torrington 

Leo Pluswick 

(M.S. PH) is a 
V_y jL wireless security 
expert with 22 years of experi- 
ence at the National Security 
Agency. He currently serves as 
technology program manager 
for TruSecure's ICSA Labs 
division in Herndon, Va. 


Thomas Arcari 

lives in Plainville, 
Conn., where he 

has been active on the town 


Steve Sutker retired as of 
Dec. 31, 2000. "YIPPEE! 
YAHOO! I now do ONLY 
what I enjoy! I watch/attend 
basketball, baseball and football 
games, lift weights, run, drink, 
and rravel — and I've become 
GREAT ar napping! Every 
day I wake up and ask myself 
"What am I going to do today 
to make myself smile???!!!" 

— Steve Sutker '65 

on his retirement 

Robert Sinuc is 
i vice president of 

\*J V»-/ engineering at 
Power Plug Inc. in Latham, N.Y. 

Rene LaPierre 

is vice president, 
V_/ / research and 
engineering, for Precision 
Combustion Inc. of Norrh 
Haven, Conn., specializing 
in catalytic combustors for 
power generation. 


R. Omur Akyuz 

(M.S.) joined 
the faculty of 
the newly formed Yedi Tepe 
("Seven Hills") University in 
hilly Istanbul, Turkey, as pro- 
fessor of physics and founding 
dean of rhe School of Pharmacy. 
He also serves as a planning 
advisor to the university's 
president. Akyuz brings 29 
years of experience from his 
prior position in the physics 
department of Bogazici 
University in Isranbul. 

Fran Barton was named chief 
financial officer of BroadVision 
Inc. in Redwood City, Calif. 

A profile on Ed Cannon's 

career as men's soccer coach 
at St. Anselm College in New __ 
Hampshire appeared in The 
Union Leader recently. The 
former All-American recalled 
his baskerball and soccer days 
at WPI, and reflected on his 
27 years with St. Anselm. 
Robert de Flesco was promot- 
ed to vice president for facility 
operations and property devel- 
opment in the Engineering 
Department of New Jersey 
Manufacturers Insurance Co. 

Transformations \ Spring 2002 


Kenneth Gminski retired from 
FM Global (formerly Factory 
Mutual) after 30 years, includ- 
ing 28 as senior resident loss 
control consultant. He's now 
an independent consultant in 
the P.C. (property/casualty) 
insurance business. "Recently 
celebrated 29 years of marriage 
to Ruthanne (Hazelton). Our 
daughter, Sarah Beth, is a junior 
at UNH, majoring in Spanish. 
Our son, Stephen, is a high 
school freshman. I'm also on 
our 35th Class Reunion 

Thomas Kiely joined Gannett 
Fleming, an engineering and 


a- (**>; 


firm, as a 
project man- 
ager. He 
design of 
water systems for municipal 
and private clients in southeast 

/~V Paul Wolf took 

I "^ V- I early retirement 
V_x ^/ after 16M years 
as chief traffic engineer for 
Cuyahoga County, Ohio, and 
16 years in other public traffic 
and planning offices in Cleveland 
and Washington, D.C. Not one 
to sit around idle, he is now 
a senior traffic engineer with 
Traff-Pro Consultants Inc. He 
also served at the Traffic Safety 
Merit Badge booth at the 
Boy Scouts' 2001 National 
Jamboree, and has been active 
in local recruitment and 
national service projects. 

f y^y Peter Blackford 

lives in Naples, 
v-/ Fla., and works for 
Cable USA, a manufacturer of 
industrial cable, as director of 
engineering. His experience on 
the hybrid car at WP1 gave him 
the confidence to buy a 2001 
Toyota Prius, which runs on 
gasoline and electricity. "It's a 
good thing to do environmentally 
and it's something that needs 

to be done more," he said in 
a local newspaper article on 
the lack ot commercial 
promotion of "green" cars. 

Bill Hillner writes from West 
Africa, where he is managing 
construction of the Kizomba "A" 
Tension Leg Surface Well Head 
Platform Project in Lobito, 
Angola. The platform will be 
installed in the deep waters off 
the shore of Angola, with oil 
production scheduled to begin 
in the first quarrer of 2004. 

^ T ■< Jay Linden joined 
the Englewood 
J_ (Fla.) Water 
District as technical support 
manager. He and his wife, 
Diana, have three children. 

Donald Peterson was named 
chairman of Avaya Inc. in 
January. The company states that 
two of his previous positions, 
vice chairman and president, 
will be eliminated. He will con- 
tinue to serve as chief executive. 

Thomas Weil was named a 
fellow of 
the American 
He manages 
the Technical 

group of Grace Construction 

Products' Specialty Construction 

Chemical Unit. 

"^ Howard Levine 

/ is senior manager 
' for the East Coast 
Division of Newport Cotp., a 
semiconductor equipment firm 
in Irvine, Calif. 

Richard Wallace was named 
chairman of ASTM Committee 
D08 on 
J _» * Waterproof- 

ing and 
Since 1979 
he has been employed as tech- 
nical director ol Fluor Corp. 
Fie lives in Greer. S.( . 


Edward D'Alba, 

president and CEO 
of Philadelphia- 
based Urban Engineers, was 
named Engineer of the Year for 
2002 by the Delaware Valley 
(Pa.) Engineers Week Council. 
He and his wife, Karen, live in 
Berwyn, Pa., and have two sons. 

Glen Johnson, dean of the 
College of Engineering at 
Tennessee Technological 
University, was named a fellow 
of ASME International. 

Richard Zepp is superintendent 
of Cyprian Keyes Golf Course 
in Boylsron, Mass. He was 
profiled in MassGolfer in an 
article on IPM (inregrated 
pest management). 

^■^ / Steve Dacri was 

inducted into the 
-1. Inner Circle of 
The Magic Circle, the worlds 
mosr prestigious organization 
for magicians. He lectured at 
the organization's London head- 
quarters in June 2000 and 
returned in April 2002 wirh his 
wife, Jan, who gave an address 
on "Memory Magic," as part 
of a nine-week lecture and 
show tour of the British Isles. 

Richard Peterson married Jo 
Ann Schumacher on Sept. 30, 
2000. A member of the techni- 
cal staff of Sarnoff Corp., he 
lives in East Windsor, N.J. 

Peter Schwartz 

^ joined United 
__^/ Electric Controls 
as vice president of sales. 

David White received the 
Miles-Lincoln Award from 
Children's Friend inc. He is a 
longtime volunteer and board 
member of the Worcester-based 
agency lor children and families 
in Central Massachusetts. 

^^ f Jay Cruickshank 
/ I ~X received a law 
\^S degree from 
Quinnipiac University in 1999 
and was recently named vice 

president ol The 1 ane Construc- 
tion ( 'or|i. in Meriden, ( iinn. 

Tom McAloon is in Prishtina, 
Kosovo, working on a USAID 
training program for water and 
electric utility management. 

r^^f ^•^ George Whitwell 
/ is manager, tech- 
nology networks, 
at Akzo Nobel Chemicals 
Research in Dobbs Ferry, N.Y., 
where he serves as a liaison for 
knowledge management and 
competitive intelligence. 

^■^ /~\ Dr. Raymond 
Dunn was 

V_«J awarded a Godina 
Fellowship from the American 
Society for Reconsrructive 
Microsurgery. The fellowship 
will allow him to spend a year 
visiting cen- 
ters of excel- 
lence in his 
field, which 
guided repair 
of tiny nerves and blood vessels 
to testore rhe funcrion and 
appearance of damaged 
tissue. Dunn's work focuses on 
microsurgical repair of wounds 
of the lower legs. He is chief of 
rhe Division of Plastic Surgery 
at UMass-Memorial Health 
Care and associate professor 
of surgery at rhe University of 
Massachusetts Medical School. 

Mark Freitas was elected to the 
board of directors of Zone Labs 
Inc., an Internet security firm. 

Michael Kenniston has moved 
back to academia, after a 15- 
year career in industry. He is 
now a visiting assistant profes- 
sor of computer science at 
DePaul University in Chicago. 

r^^J y~V Kevin Halloran 
/ V.I works for Control 
_S Technology Corp. 

and lives in Franklin. Mass., 
W iih his wife, Kimberly. 

3 2 Transformation! | Spring 2002 

Dr. Verne Backus 

is medical director 
\^J V^/ for Vermont 
Occupational & Acute Care, 
based in Chittenden Count}'. 

Fotmer Chess Club President 
David Drevinsky has advanced 
to the rank of chess master and 
was recognized by the USCF 
in April. "All the Friday night 
tournaments have contributed 
to my success," he writes. 

Bill Gascoyne married Kristin 
Kieser of Mountain View, 
Calif., on April 13, 2002. 

David Lesser is director of 
strategic planning for The 
Simon Group Inc. He lives 
in Exeter Township, Pa. 


Brian Caslis works 
for Synplicity Inc. 
as marketing direc- 
tor for the company's Certify™ 
products. He presented a paper 
at DesignCon 2001. 

Glenn Gerecke is vice president 
and site director for DuPont 
Pharmaceuticals Co., which has 
been acquired by Bristol-Myers 
Squibb Co. 

Benson Gould joined Marin 
Environmental Inc., an environ- 
mental-management firm based 
in Haddam, Conn. He serves as 
remediation section manager of 
the company's Southbridge, 
Mass., office. 

Fred Rucker was appointed 
presidenr and COO of Network 
Mantra. He lives in Oakton, 
Va., with his wife, Kirsten, and 
their five children. 

fv /"^ Toma Duhani 

is town engineer- 
\*J ^Lm ' highway superin- 
tendent for Charlton, Mass. 

Richard Welch joined ATG 
(Art Technology Group) in 
Cambridge, Mass., as vice 
president of customet services 
and support. 

Chris Wraight holds the post 
of director of North American 
marketing at Sophos Inc., devel- 
opers of anti-virus software. 

Well provide the 

(You provide the coffee) 

There's a great new place to go to stay in touch with your classmates and chat about your 
alma mater. It's called the WPI Aluitllli Cdf 6 and it's as close as your 
computer screen. The Cafe is an online community with dedicated forums for classes, 
events, news and more. If there's something special you'd like to talk about, you can 
even start your own forum. So, take a break from the hustle and bustle of everyday 
life and join your friends at the coziest little spot on the Internet. Drop by whenever 
you like — we never close! Just visit the WPI Alumni home page,, 
and click on the Cafe icon. 


OPEN 24/7 

Sujal Dave has 

■ »*^ two sons: Roshan, 
\J ^y 4, and Akhil, born 
Jan. 23, 2001. He is a program 
manager at The Math Wotks, 
in Natick, Mass. 

Barbara Haller works for 
National Grid in Westborough, 
Mass. Last year she ran for City 
Council in Worcester's 4th 
District and received a Girl 
Scout Gold Award Young 
Women of Distinction. 

Stephen LaFrance was pro- 
moted to president of the 
engineering and planning firm 
Provan & Lorber Inc., where 
he has worked for 13 years. 
He and his wife live in North 
Stratford, N.H. 

Bruce Myers (M.S. EE) joined 
Systemonics as general manager 
of the company's Marlborough, 
Mass., organization, and direc- 
tor of RF Engineering. Myers 
was the founder and director of 
Raytheon's RF Networking 
business, which was recently 
acquired by Systemonics. 

John Bibinski and 

his wife, Kathryn, 
\±J _I_ proudly announce 
the birth of Diana Kathryn on 
Nov. 1, 2001. She joins her big 
sister, Christina Rose, born in 
2000. "We truly feel quite 

Ophthalmologist Kathleen 
Cronin joined the staff of Eye 
Heath Vision Centers in North 
Dartmouth, Mass. A specialist 
in the treatment of glaucoma 
and diabetes, she is a graduate 
of Hahnemann University 
School of Medicine in 
Philadelphia and had a fellow- 
ship with Project ORBIS 
International, an organization 
devoted to saving sight and pro- 
moting education worldwide. 

Robert Korku k married 
Martha Coughlin on June 23, 
2001. He works for BAE 
Systems in Merrimack, N.H. 

Shortly after Sept. 1 1, Marie 
McClintock returned to 
North Africa, where she has 
been working as a linguist. 
She developed an alphabet for 
KO (a highly complicated tonal 
Burkinabe language) and has 
trained a local to teach his 
people to read. An advocate for 
oppressed women, she has been 
searching for startup funds to 
help them launch home-based 
businesses, such as making 
peanut butter. 

Joseph Parisi is public works 
director for the city of 
Gloucester, Mass., where he 
has worked for nine years. 


William Cass is 

a partner in the 

Conn., law firm of Cantor 
Colbutn, specializing in 
intellectual property law. 

David Connolly married Lori 
Miller recently. He is general 
manager of the Ninety Nine 
Restaurant in Springfield, Mass. 

Craig Falkenham recently cele- 
brated his 10th anniversary with 
Maxim Integrated Products, 
based in Sunnyvale, Calif. He 
currently serves as area director 
for U.S. field applications, 
Eastern Region. Craig still lives 
in Derry, N.H., with his wife, 
Lisa, and their three children, 
Ryan, Matthew and Kerri. 

Gerard Guillemette works 
for Mixed Signals Technologies 
in Culver City, Calif, as a 
software engineer. 

Jon Kaplan spent five years in 
Salem, Ore., before returning to 
Vermont in 1995 to work for 
the state's transportation agency. 
His passion for road and moun- 
tain biking serves him well in 
his work on bicycle and pedes- 
trian projects, such as setting 
design standards for sidewalks, 
bike lanes and multi-use paths. 

Transformations \ Spring 2002 33 

He and his wife, Anne (Ford), 
have been married for 1 years 
and have rwo children — Jacob, 
4, and Isaac, 1 14. "We love to 
get outside for any kind of 
activity — especially bicycling, 
hiking, cross-country skiing, 
snow shoeing and sledding," 
he writes. 

Virginia (Noddin) Knowles 
lives in Beacon, N.Y., with her 
husband, Steven, and their four 
children, ages 5—11- She recendy 
started VTEK, a home-based 
CE consulting business, prima- 
rily in research and software 
development. She also volun- 
teers in the local school, the 
PTA and her church. 

Joan Landry married Robert 
Caponi. She is a senior 
software engineer with 
Aspect Communications 
in Chelmsford, Mass. 

Jim Mirabile was promoted to 
director of optical network solu- 
tion sales at Acterna. He joined 
the company in 1992, after 
seven years as a Navy surface 
warfare officer. Jim lives in 
Hopkinton, Mass., with his 
wife, Brenda, their daughter, 
Brianna, and their son, Nicholas. 

Frederick Moseley was pro- 
moted to associate with the 
engineering firm Fay, Spofford 
and Thorndike in January. 
He is based in rhe company's 
main office in Burlington, 
Mass., where he manages a 
team of 12 engineers specializ- 
ing in traffic engineering. 
"I have also developed expertise 
in the growing field of planning 
and designing bicycle/pedestrian 
facilities. My projects range 
from the South Fork Bikeway 
in South Hampton, N.Y., to 
portions of the East Coast 
Greenway in Maine. Outside 
the office, I am busy with mv 
wife. Lynn, raising our three 
children, Patrick, Brandon 
and Elizabeth." 

Cmdr. Jim Shea serves in the 
U.S. Naval Reserve at Dobbins 
Air Reserve Base and continues 
to enjoy his job piloting the 

MD-1 1 for FedEx. In his spare 
rime, he loves being with his 
wife, Sandy, and their two 
"kids" — black labs Duke and 

Jody (Bobbitt) Zolli is a 

principal technical wrirer at 
SeaChange International in 
Maynard, Mass. She lives with 
her husband, Pete, stepdaughters 
Emily and Erica, and one-year- 
old son, Leo. In her spare rime, 
Jody enjoys making stained glass, 
reading and sleeping. 

Todd Becker 

■ "^ was appointed 
\*J \-J managing director, 
investments, of Next Generation 
Ventures, LCC, a joint venture 
between The Phoenix Cos. and 
Connecticut Innovations. He 
lives in Ridgefield, Conn., 
where he previously founded 
and managed a venture capital 
firm called PomeGranate. 

Robert Gremley was promoted 
to vice president, CAD software 
development ar Parametric 
Technology, where he has 
worked since 1989. 

Michael MacMillan holds the 
tide of epitaxy scientist and pro- 
gram administrator for Stetling 
Semiconductor's Tampa, Fla., 
facility. His specialty is silicon 
carbide epitaxial film growth 
for power and radio frequency 
device structures. 

Gary and Debbie 
Murphy Allen '88 

\*J / had their fourth 
child, Grace Alyssa, on Sept. 28, 
2001. She was met with a hearty 
welcome from her siblings, 
Zach, 8, Tess, 4, and Ben. 2. 
Gan.- is still working at Intel 
and Debbie is enjoying life as 
a stay-at-home mom. "Life has 
never been busier or better. 
she writes. 

Lisa Barton joined the law firm 
of Ransmeier and Spellman in 
Concord. N.H. A former coun- 
sel to Northeast Utilities, she 
will focus on energy and 
corporate matters. 

Curt Duffy worked as a con- 
sultant on Paramount Pictures' 
Y2K and Spelling Merger proj- 
ects. He joined the movie stu- 
dio last year as a payroll analyst. 
Curt also completed an MFA 
in creative writing at Antioch 
University and now teaches 
composition part time at Los 
Angeles Pierce College. His 
poetry and shott fiction have 
appeared in literary magazines, 
including Crux, 4th Street 
and 51 %. He lives in 
Hollywood with his red-nosed 
American pit bull terrier, Lucy. 

Stephen Madaus is an associate 
in the Business Group of the 
law firm Mirick O'Connell, 
with offices in Boston, 
Westborough and Worcester. 

Michael Skowron married 
Ellen Ferland on Sept. 1, 2001. 
They live in Dover, N.H. 

Maj. Kenneth Viall graduated 
from die Army's School of 
Advanced Military Studies with 
a master's degree in military arts 
and science. 


34 Transformations \ Spring 2002 

Allen Bonde 

recendy started 
a research and 
management consulting firm. 
The Allen Bonde Group, in 
Wellesley Mass., after working 
in various management and 
consulting roles at McKinsey. 
Extraprise and The Yankee 
Group. He writes, "Would love 
to hear from other alumni 
working in the CRM software 
or e-business space. When I'm 
not traveling, my wife and I 
continue to enjoy life in the 
suburbs with our three (!) kids 
and our old, but still-untrained 
black lab. 

J. Michael Garvin and his wife. 
Patrice, welcomed their first 
child, Andrew John, born Jan. 
29, 2002. They live in 
Chelmsford, Mass. 

Doug Smith works for 
Massachusetts Electric in 
Brimfield. He was a guest 
speaker at the town's Brown 
Bagger program, where he 
fielded questions from residents 
on light bills, power outages 
and energy conservation. 

Jim Works and his wife, Karen, 
announce the birth of a daugh- 
ter, Helen Frances, on Dec. 20, 
2001. Her brother, Colin, is 
two years older. Jim works for 
rhe Department of Defense as 
an aerospace engineer for the 
Defense Contract Management 
Agency. He is still serving in 
the Connecticut Air National 
Guard, and was recendy pro- 
moted to lieutenant colonel. 

Patrick Brennan 
V^ V, I married Alyssa 
V_»/ _y/ Shutack, a gradu- 
are of UMass/Boston and a 
product manager for BrassRing 
Sysrems. Patrick works for 
Adobe Systems as a computer 
scientist. They live in 
Arlington, Mass. 

"I have come full circle," writes 
Ciro DiMeglio, who returned 
to Worcester when his company, 
BioValve Technologies, moved 
to the Biotechnology Research 
Park. He was previously based 
in Watertown, Mass., after 
earning a master's degree and a 
doctorate in Oregon and doing 
postdoctoral work at Purdue. 

David Hatch is director of 
technical archirecture for 
Peoples treet. 

Kern* and Karen (Krikorian) 
Hennessey announce the birth 
of their son, Timothy Patrick, 
on July 12, 2001. He joins his 
brothers, John. 7, and Zachary. 
6. and sister. Rachel. 2. "Tim is 
a very happy kid who smiles 
and pukes a lot," writes Kern,-. 

Scon Orzell is a senior manag- 
er with Cap Gemini Ernst & 
Young, working with hospitals 
and health care systems on 
turnaround and strategic busi- 
ness transformation efforts. He 
has been with the company for 
more than tour years. Scott lives 
in Coventry, Conn., with his 
wile, Karen, and (heir children, 
Nicholas and Alyssa. 

Erin Ryan and Donald Gale 
announce the birth of Connor 
Jack Gale on Dec. 1. 2001. 
"He's healthy, happy, and loves 
his Australian cattle dogs. Skv 
and Blaze." thev write. 

Marrion at the Controls 

Heads Ne : 

Christopher Marrion "89 

. S. FPE^ leads rhe New Yodk 
rfEzci " -_• _ . " . '" : : . - 
\irj\t xe s. a group or ftFl fire 
protection engineering gradu- 
ares thai includes Jarxod Alston 
'99, David Jacor ; W MS. 
FPE -James Lord "00 "II M.S. 
FPE =ndBobTffl'94 liLS. 
FPE "01 Ph.D.). On Sept. 11, 
---.- L-.L~.iL ■■.:.-. ". : : _ : " ii :"; 
TV i ~~---T- llltzzZ ~Z-~ r. ::.-:.- 
= --■-.'.-."■--• l.~ _-_: r. :: :: 

— : -< - :_-.: — 7: - ;- — e - :. .: 
r.L.- -■ ■ lt.l s.i :ll---l7.-.: 
abilitv to evacuate, as well as 

- :-_■--:■ _ _";_: "i ~llz 
load-bearing capadrr ot the 
srrucmral dements,' he says. 

Marrion was chosen to represent 
his Seld and the Society of Fire 
Protection Engineers (SEPE) 
:■= :~; 5uildlr-z ?err rrm lll:z 
Analysis Team (BPAT). Ffis role 
included work on W 1 C 1, 
WlC 2, and the performance of 
Tarious fire protection systems 

LL\LLL\ZLZ--Z iTT-Z-v t~:.7.:-.:: ILL' 

comparnnentarion. Fie spent a 

= rrrr.r.e". r_ : ; .~.l: was a> er- 
shadowed by rhe drama or the 
Twin Towers. He also helped 
write Appendix A — a primer on 
the fire er_Emeering concepts 
discussed in rhe report- 
Lessons have been learned from 
rhe tragic events or Sept. 1 1, 
savs Marrion. and \\ PI s fire 
protection engineering gradu- 
ates will plav a significant role 
in the future dpsign oi buildings 
and Arir fire- and life-safety 
performance. He believes this 
includes ntw^r ralring perform- 
ance-based designs to help 
stakeholders understand the 
anticipated performance or 
buildings when exposed to 
various rh rears, including fire, 
impact, explosion, and chemical 
or biological agents, as well as 
:.:: -£ ; ::_::_:j. engineer- 
understand the interaction of 
: re l~ l -ree. 

Marrion and his colleagues have 
been asked to make numerous 
presentations to pdrlress these 
concerns. Others at Arup have 

From \~h, Sow-Teen See (Les Robertson s wife and partner at Leslie E. 
~::^— on Associates), Venkate; . -d Marrion examine steel 

-:- — = : : " ::; Z; _ ■■ 

been instrumental in forming 
the company's Extreme Events 
Mitigation Task Force, which 
includes Richard Custer, former 
associate professor of Eire 
Prcrerrfor. Engines: ; i~d 
former assistant director of the 
Center for Firesafety Studies 
at \\ PI (now technical director 
for Arup Fire L"SA\ and Brian 
Meacham'84 '91 M.S. FPE), 
who leads Amps Risk Consulting 
Group in Westborough. Mass. 

For Chris and his colleagues 
in New York, a quick glance 
downtown to rhe void left in 
the skyline serves as a daily 
reminder of the tragedy and 
of lie opportunities they have 
in helping shape the future 
for fire engineering and 
building design. 

Z:ll~.z -:-..- Liz execs John 
Roughneen "89 .err =r_c 
Glenn Butler "89 have a lot to 
smile about. The companv thev 
founded in 1991 was acquired 
by Crane Co., a S2.4 billion 
publidy traded Fortune 300 
company. Streamwares flagship 
products include YendMAX 
management systems for vending 

machines, and InroYend, a 
market-data research and analysis 
service. After almost a decade 
of the company s growth, 
Roughneen says he is thrilled 
to be aligned with Crane, a 
global powerhouse with a 
long-term commitment to 
the vending industry. 

^v y"v AI Alonzi married 
V^j | Susan Welch of 

J \J Augusta, Ga., on 
June 9, 2001. His brother Roland 
was best man, and classmates 
Ken Comey and Kevin Owen 
were groomsmen. Al and Susan 
both work in Washington, 
D.C.. and live in Mrginia. 

Ken Comey married Julie 
Giunroli on Jan. 2, 2002. 
Classmate Al Alonzi was 
best man, and Kens brothers 
Thomas '96 and Michael 
were groomsmen. Ken and 
Julie currently reside in 
Bakersfield, Calif. 

Jeff Hebert and his wife, 
Catherine, announce the birth 
of a son, Daniel Bruce, on Sept. 
14. 2001. -Additionally, Jeff 
gave birth to a 195-page disser- 
tation," he writes, "earning a 
Ph.D. in electrical engineering 
from the Air Force Institute of 
Technology in Dayton, Ohio. I 
pinned on major last December 
and reported to Kirtland AFB in 
February to begin work on test- 
ing the USAF's airborne laser." 
Ron- Welch, his wife, Nancy, 
and their two children, Ryan 
and Lauren, are living in 
Harrogate, England. Recendy 
promoted to major in the Air 
Force, Ron' is assigned to 
R\F Menwith Hill. 

Transformations \ Spring 2002 



WPI Bookshelf 

TAX M\N \Gf'Mr,M 




Employee Benelits for 
the Contingent Workforce 

by Alden J. Bianchi '74 

Bureau of National Affairs Inc. 

This detailed analysis addresses employment 
issues that arise with contingent or alternative 
workers, such as independent contractors, 
leased employees, free-lancers and part-time, 
seasonal or temporary employees. "As globalization and e-commerce 
have changed the employment landscape, employers have increasingly 
relied upon temporary, contract or other contingent employees, and 
have been faced with the question of how to compensate these 
contingent workers," says Bianchi. "Our current employment laws 
were never designed to cover employment issues of this nature." 
Bianchi is a partner and chair of the Employee Benefits practice 
at Mirick O'Connell. He holds a J.D. from Suffolk University Law 
School, an LL.M. from Georgetown Law Center and an LL.M in 
taxation from Boston University's Graduate Tax Program. 

Sex, Death and Travel 

by Morgan Rosenberg '95 

iUniverse Inc. 

"From a one-act play I wrote in college, 
to a (soon to be) major motion picture, 
long way," says Rosenberg, who is at 
work on the screenplay. His Web site, has a link back to the New Voices 

drama festival site, where it all began. 

Lean Enterprise Value: 
Insights from MIT's Lean 
Aerospace Initiative 

Myles Walton '97 and 1 2 co-authors 
from MIT's LAI 

Palgrave Publishers 

Members of MIT's Lean Aerospace Initiative 
share their vision for the future of the aero- 
space industry. The book offers a close 
look at the history, values and culture of 

aerospace, and formulates a new vision, with the concept of "lean" 

as a framework for transformation. 

Walton earned an S.M. and a Ph.D. in aeronautics and astronautics 
from MIT. He currently covers the aerospace and defense sectors for 
Morgan Stanley. 

3 6 Trans for mat ions | Spring 2002 

. -< Bob Beliveau is 

a product market- 
_^ JL ing manager at 
Jetstream Communications, 
manufacturers of voice-over 
broadband systems. Bob mar- 
ried Italian-born Deborah 
Armstrong on June 9, 2001, at 
St. Simon Catholic Church in 
Los Altos, Calif. The reception 
at Los Altos Golf and Country 
Club included fellow Phi Sigs 
Christopher Manton '90, 
Rick Drulard '92 and Andrew 
Stern '92. "And yes, the story 
of 'Star Crossed Lovers' in 
Transformations' premier issue 
is true," he notes, "though the 
full story is a bit more interest- 
ing than that." 

Peter Breton and his wife, 
Jenny, announce the birth of 
their daughter, Nicole Monteiro 
Breton, on March 30, 2002. 
They live Westborough, Mass., 
where Peter works for CTDI. 

Michelle Burke is now an asso- 
ciate in the 
Group of 
Smith & 
Cohen, LLP. 

The firm joined forces with her 

former employer, Ricklefs & 

Co., PC. in January. 

James Fortin was elected 
treasurer of the Structural 
Engineering Society of Maine. 
He works for Harriman 
Associates and lives in Gray, 
Maine, with his wife, Julie, 
and their son, Joshua. 

Rexel Gallamoza received a 
masters degree in electrical 
engineering from Drexel 
University. He and his wife, 
Lunarose Abad. live in Newark. 
Del., with their sons. Ryan 

Karl GofF lit Brunswick, 
Maine, joined Wright-Pierce, 
located in Topsham, as an 
environmental engineer. 

Troy Nielsen is working on 
a CD of jazz for children, 
scheduled tor release this fall. 
1 [e continues playing jazz gigs 
and working for Philips Medical 
Systems. Inn and his wile. 

Lucy, live in Andover, Mass., 
with their son, Myles. The 
two-year-old already enjoys 
music and likes playing ukulele, 
drums and piano, according to 
a profile of Troy in the North 
Andover paper Break Time. 

Daniel Whelan was promoted 
to product line engineer at OFS 
Fitel Specialty Fiber (formerly 
Lucent Technologies Specialty 
Fiber) in Avon, Conn. Dan, 
who moved to Avon last 
November, provides technical 
sales support and develops 
new markets for the company's 
multimode optical fiber, cables 
and assemblies. 

/"V /*^ The last issue of 
^f ^ml erroneously report- 
ed the whereabouts of Loan 
Ngo and her husband, John 
Jones. They were previously 
living in N.C., not NYC. 
They have since moved to 
Connecticut, where Loan is an 
executive consultant for Pratt 
& Whitney in East Hartford. 

Marc Paquette married 
Kimberly Norfleet on Sept. 16, 
2001. He is a software consult- 
ant for SAP America Inc. in 
Waltham, Mass. 

y"V /^ Christopher 

"^ Arsenault is a soft- 
^/ ^^/ ware engineer at 
Unisphere Networks. He and 
his wife, Jennifer (Dellagala), 
live in Burlington. Mass. 

Jeffrey Jorczak married Joan 
Daignault on June 9, 2001. He 
is a self-employed Web designer 
based in Hartford, Conn. 

Michael Rzeznik (M.S. FPE) 
was promoted to principal and 
office man- 
ager of the 
N.Y., office 
ol ( lage- 
& Assoc, 
specializing in tire protection, 
life safely and security con- 
sulting, His work on the Stai 
Spangled Banner Conservation 
Laboratory at the Smithsonian 
was featured in the Summer 

1999 issue of WPI Journal 

Kate (Ranum) and Joseph 
Wenc announce the birth of 
their second child, Isaac, on 
March 12, 2002. Big brother 
Stefan, age 2, looks forward 
to having a playmate. 

Ross Weyman is living in 
Evanston, 111., and working as 
a senior project manager for 
Bovis Lend Lease. He married 
Karol Muehleis in May 2000 
on Grand Cayman Island, and 
welcomed into the world a 
daughter, Anna Marley, on 
Feb. 12,2002. 

Mary Auger and 
James Uhrich '98 

. of Milford, Mass., 
were married recently. She is a 
product development engineer 
for Depuy AcroMed/Johnson 
& Johnson. He is a design 
engineer for Carroll Design 
and a student in the mechanical 
engineering master's degree 
program at WPI. 

Andrew Bowman (M.S. FPE) 
was named 
and office 
for the 
office of 

Gage-Babcock & Assoc. 

Chris Cogliandro was promor- 
ed to product line manager, X- 
ray, at Timken Super Precision 
(MPB) in Keene, N.H. 

Brandon Emanuel was joined 
in marriage with Jennifer 
Harper by Brandon's dad on 
Oct. 20, 2001, in Bedford, Va. 
Dan Mac kin, Bob Thomas 
and James McElroy '95 took 
part in the ceremony. The 
couple honeymooned in Prague, 
Czech Republic, and Edinburgh, 
Scorland, before returning to 
Jacksonville, Fla. 

Sean O'Connor and his wife, 
Kerrie, had a son, Jared 
Michael, on Oct. 3, 2001. 
Both parenrs work in the 
CCC at WPI. 

Jon Osborn and his wife, Sue, 
had their first child, Andrew, in 
Augusr 2001. Jon is working as 
a software consultant for S.E.I, 
in Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Kyle Oudaw and his wife, 
Maureen, announce the birth 
of Peighton Nabeha, April 23, 
2001. "As a first child, she is 
getting plenty of attention. I 
think my cameta is wearing 
out," writes Kyle. They are liv- 
ing in New Jersey, after lour 
years at Penn State, where Mo 
got her Ph.D. in criminology 
and Kyle got his master's in 
manufacturing management. 


Berthiaume is 

a project superin- 
tendent with Whiting Turner 
Contracting. He and his wife, 
Lisa, live in Worcester. 

Kevin Dowty and his wife, 
Stacie, announce the birth of 
a son, Connor William, on 
Oct. 9, 2001. He was born at 
5:41 p.m. in Sturdy Memorial 
Hospital, Attleboro, Mass. 

Greg Marr ('96 M.S. ME, '02 
M.S. CS) completed his second 
WPI mastet's degree, this one in 
computer science, in December. 
He is currently employed as a 
senior software developer and 
core team leadet at CAD KEY 
Corp. in Marlborough, Mass. 
He and his wife, Amy (Plack) 
'96 (M.S. '00), live in South 
Grafton, Mass., where Greg 
serves as scoutmaster for Boy 
Scout Troop 107. 

Kathleen Paulauskas married 
Gavin Moore on April 28, 2001. 
Katie Daly '96 was a brides- 
maid. Wedding guests included 
Wendy Butkus Kelly, Chad 
Council '94, Amy Nelson 
Barker '96, Ian Quinn '96 
and Angela Wonsey '96. 

Amy Rich continues as 
president of Boston-based 
Oceanwave Consulting. Her 
Q&A columns appear regularly 
in Sys Admin magazine. 

George Roberts and his wife, 
Laura Gregory Roberts '93, 

announce the birth of their 
daughter, Anna Claire, on 
Oct. 24, 2001. 

Cory Shimer is a hardware 
engineer wirh Quantam Bridge. 
He and his wife, Jennifer, live 
in Marlborough, Mass. 

Help your alma mater . . . 
and your employer 

Tap into the student resources available at WPI by recruiting 
on campus or by posting full-time, summer internship and 
co-op job opportunities on the WPI Web site. Learn how the 
knowledge of cutting-edge technology and global experi- 
ence provides our students with an edge as they enter 
the workplace. 

Let WPI's "intellectual capital" be your company's 
competitive advantage in today's marketplace. 

For more information, contact the WPI Career Development 
Center at 508-831-5260 or 


Jessica (Soucy) 
and Jeffrey Barnes 

announce the 
birth of Summet Grace on 
April 9, 2001. 

Antonio Delgado from 
Maracay, Venezuela, has left 
his post at Maersk Drilling Co. 
in Maracaibo to patticipate 
in the Maersk Contractors 
International Drilling Program 
in Svendborg, Denmark. 

Eric Denoncourt is a junior 
civil engineer for the town of 
Shrewsbury, Mass. 

Anne Marie Fayan (MM) is 
alumni director for Bishop 
Connolly High School in 
Somerset, Mass., where she has 
been on the faculty since 1981. 

Yi-Chih Huang (M.S. BE) is a 
medical system engineer with 
InMedica Development Corp. 
of Salt Lake City. His work on 
the company's non-invasive 
hematocrit system includes 
design of the pressure control 
mechanism and the data 
display unit. 

Jesse Parent and his wife, Julia, 
were blessed with the birth of 
their daughtet, Jasmine Denise, 
born at home on Dec. 1, 2001. 
Jesse changed jobs and is now 
principal engineer at Sorenson 
Media in Salt Lake City. This 
spring he performed with an 
improv comedy group called 
Knock Your Socks Off 

(or KYSOff) at rhe 5th annual 
Chicago Improv Festival. 

Brian Pestana married Terri 
Lewis on July 21, 2001. He is 
working on an MBA at Bryant 
College and is employed by 
V.R. Industries in Warwick, R.I. 

Pam Sluter and her husband, 
Steve, announce the birth of 
their first child, Isabelle Rose, 
on March 17, 2002 (a St. 
Patrick's Day baby!). 

Mark Suennen received his PE 
license after passing the October 
2001 exam in Maryland. ("The 
first time!") He is working on his 
master's thesis at the University 
of Maryland, which he expects 
to complete by May 2003. 

9f Melissa (Allen) 
and Matthew 
Leahy '95 are 

the proud parents of a son, 
Nathaniel Howatd, born on 
Oct. 10, 2001. Melissa is assis- 
tant director of admissions at 
WPI, and Matt is vice presi- 
dent of lab services at Secon 
of New England. 

Dr. Nicole Manjerovic works 
at Abbott Animal Hospital in 
Worcester. She and her hus- 
band, Brian Metcalf, live in 
Auburn, Mass. 

Sean O'Hearn is a technical 
consultant for Visragy in 
Waltham, Mass. He married 
Cortney Cope last year. 

Transformations \ Spring 2002 37 



Heather St. Martin is working 
on a doctorate in organic chem- 
istry at Boston College. She and 
her husband, Jonathan Davis, 
live in Waltham, Mass. 

I 98 

David Deacon 

married Kerri 
Lanni on June 2, 
2001. He is an actuary at 
Allmerica Financial in Worcester. 

Kerry Ann Dubrule wed Paul 
Verdini, recently. She works for 
Norac Inc., in Azusa, Calif. 

David Giroux married 
Christine Greenleaf on Sept. 1 , 
2001. He works for Raytheon 
and lives in Warwick, R.I. 

Kristen Gongoleski and 
Jonathan Fairbanks are 

engaged. She is a laboratory 
technician at Wyeth 
Pharmaceuticals in West 
Greenwich, R.I., and he is a 
product engineer at Stanley 
Bostich in East Greenwich. 

Jill Ann Johnson ('00 M.S. 
FPE) and Aaron Korthas '99 

are engaged to be married on 
Sept. 7, 2002. Jill is an associate 
fire protection engineer at RJA 

Group in Framingham, Mass., 
and Aaron works as an actuarial 
analyst at Watson Wyatt 
Worldwide in Wellesley. 

Rory Kelleher received an 
MBA from Georgia Institute of 
Technology and was inducted 
into the Beta Gamma Sigma 
honor society. He works for his 
family's business, Emerald 
Excavating Co. Inc. 

John Markow married Aino 
Rentola on Jan. 12, 2002, in 
Helsinki, Finland. Best man 
was Ryan McDaniel, and Al 
Navarro was an usher. John, 
who works at the Nokia 
Research Center in Helsinki, 
may be contacted at 

Roger Mazzella (M.Engr.) is 
East Coast, strategic account 
manager for Onix Microsystems 
of South Plainfield, N.J. 

Molly McCabe and Brian 
Gagnon '97 were married on 
Sept. 15, 2001, with Amy 
Sinyei as maid of honor and 
Scott McDermott '97 as best 
man. Classmates Wendy 
Jobling, Jenn Sapochetti and 
Justin Urban were there, along 

with Isaiah Plante '97, Cory 
Wajda '97, and Katie Gagnon 
'01. After a honeymoon in 
Tahiti, they returned home to 
Fremont, Calif, where Molly 
is a quality engineer for Cool 
Systems Inc., and Brian is a fire 
protection engineer with Rolf 
Jenson Assoc. 

Josh Mellinger works for 
Teradyne. He and his wife have 
been living in Newbury Park, 
Calif, for the last four years. 

Guy Miller is an applications 
engineer with Accusonic 
Technologies Inc. He lives in 
Pocasset, Mass., with his wife, 
Heather Marie (Lanoue). 

U.S. Army Capt. Frank 
Townsend has been stationed in 
Hawaii with his wife, Kaya 
Brown, and their two children, 
Sydney, 3, and Frank IV, born 
in February 2002. He is leaving 
his post as civil engineer for the 
84th Engineer Battalion to 
return to the States and get his 
master's degree before he ships 
out to his next assignment. 
Frank's previous deployments 
have included Thailand, 
Kwajalein (an atoll in the 

Marshall Islands) and other 
Pacific duty stations. 

Chris Wieczorek (M.S. FPE) is 
a doctoral candidate at Virginia 
Tech. His research on carbon 
monoxide production and 
transmission during house fires 
was described in the Roanoke 
Times in an article called 
"Hunting the silent killer." 

Keith Wilkinson is a mechan- 
ical design engineer with Pratt 
& Whitney. He lives in 
Portsmouth, N.H., with his 
wife, Christina (Butler). 

Tara Carrie and 
vl vl Scott Hammond 

^ ^S planned to marry 
on June 8, 2002. Tara is a 
fourth-year veterinary student 
at Tufts, and Scott works as 
a structural engineer at 
Odeh Engineers in North 
Providence, R.I. 

Tim Miranda married Liz 
Stewart on Aug. 19, 2001, in 
New Rochelle, N.Y. Classmates 
Willy Nunn and Matt Sartin 
were ushers. Tim works for 
Pegasystems Inc. and lives in 
Medford, Mass. 

Nick Carparelli '90: Patriots point person 

From left. Quarterback 
Drew Bledsoe, Carparelli 
and Coach Bill Belichick. 

"I think the average male in New 
England would do my job for 
free," says Nick Carparelli, 
director of operations for the 
New England Patriots. "I'd be 
lying if I didn't say that I enjoy 
watching the games from the 
sidelines and being right there 
among the players and 
the coaches." 

Those are the perks. The head- 
aches can include airport delays, 
no-show ground transportation, 
and hotel lobbies jammed with 
expectant fans. Crunch time 
begins the Friday before an 
away game, when Carparelli 
flies out to prepare for the team's 
arrival, and doesn't end until he's 
seen everyone safely back to 
Foxboro. "When we land at the 
airport in Providence, and I look 
out the window and see the team 
buses, then I relax," he says. 

On game day, it's up to Carparelli 
to make sure that everything 
works, from the coaches' head- 
sets to the players' parking to the 
post-game party tent. Between 
games he works with many other 
managers and departments and, 
of course, with Coach Bill 
Belichick. "He's tremendous," 
says Carparelli. "He's very, very 
organized and specific about 
what he wants, which makes my 
job a lot easier." During the off- 
season Carparelli spends months 
planning and overseeing the 
Patriots' pre-season training 
camp at Bryant College. 

In a nutshell, operations man- 
agement of a professional sports 
franchise entails everything it 
takes to keep the players and 
coaching staff happy. 'This is a 
pretty high-pressure business," 
Carparelli reminds fans. 

"Coaches and players get hired 
and fired all the time. Their 
careers are very short. They 
work hard all year long, but it all 
comes down to just 1 6 days." To 
minimize the stress surrounding 
those days, he runs interference 
to deflect the many distractions 
that could affect the team's 
performance on the field. 

Carparelli, who describes him- 
self as a "fanatical sports fan," 
captained the WPI basketball 
team as a senior and played 
basketball and golf. Before 
joining the Patriots last year, he 
handled football operations for 
Syracuse University and Notre 
Dame. A native of Cheshire, 
Conn., he grew up with split 
loyalties, following the Giants, 
the Yankees and the Celtics. 
Nick and his wife, Rene, live 
in Cumberland, R.I. 

3 8 Transformations \ Spring 2002 

Laura Pare and Christopher 
Milici were married at 
Diamond Hill Vineyards in 
Rhode Island. Laura is a process 
engineer/supervisor at H.C. 
Starck. Christopher is a pro- 
duction engineer and health, 
environment and safety manag- 
er at Technics Inc. They live in 
Wrentham, Mass. 

Christina Caverly Wicks was 

promoted to instigator at the 
integrated marketing communi- 
cation firm Smith & Jones, 
where she coordinates talent, 
casting and props for the 
agency's marketing and public 
relations clients. Her other 
responsibilities include coordi- 
nating production schedules 
and budgets for audio and 
film projects. 

Andrew Cook 

is an applications 
V»/ V-/ engineer in the 
Dehumidification Division of 
Munters Corp. in Amesbury, 

Matthew Driscoll married 
Beth Grissom, a fourth grade 
teacher, on Oct. 13, 2001. 
He is an engineer at Telica Inc. 
in Marlborough, Mass. 

Kristina Goesch works 
for Zaiq Technologies in 
Marlborough, Mass. 

Steve Hocurscak joined Ball 
in the House, an all-a cappella 
touring band from Boston. He 
serves as sound engineer, tour 
manager and Web master of the 
site he created for the band at 

Tim LaRose is an FPE grad 
student at WPI. He has contin- 
ued his charity work for Why 
Me Inc. with a six-state bicycle 
ride through New England to 
raise funds for Sherry's House, a 
home for children who are being 
treated for cancer at UMass- 
Memorial Medical Center. 

Michael Lavoie works in the 
engineering department of 
UPS in Shrewsbury, Mass. 

Christopher Shoemaker 
and Crystal Robert '01 were 
married last year. They took a 
honeymoon in Europe and 
now live in Middletown, R.I. 


Brooke LeClair 
and Matthew 
Daniels are 

engaged. She is an analyst at 
Accenture Corp.; he is an 
engineer with The Foxboro Co. 
At press time they were plan- 
ning a May 25 wedding. 

Graduate ManagemerfF~ 

Brian Johnson '00 (MBA) was 
named managing director and 
chief financial officer for Zero 
State Capital of Providence, 
R.I. He has been with the 
firm for five years. 

Vincent DeGiacomo '01 

(MBA) was appointed vice 
president of business develop- 
ment for Sonexis Inc., a 
Boston-based voice technology 
company. He previously 
worked at Artel Video Systems. 

Master of Natural 

George Satellite '86 left his 
position as chair of the mathe- 
matics and science department 
at the Tilton School after 24 
years of teaching. He is now 
self-employed as a light-con- 
struction/maintenance person 
in the Squam Lake area. He 
keeps his hand in education 
as an adjunct professor of 
chemistry at New Hampshire 
Technical Institute in 
Concord, N.H. 

School of Industrial 

Paul Mitchell '57 has moved 
from California to Chagrin 
Falls, Ohio. 

James Rouse '97 was appoint- 
ed president and CEO of 
Arrhythmia Research Technol- 
ogy Inc., a company that sells 
and licenses equipment for ana- 
lyzing heart impulses through 
signal-averaging software. 
He has worked for Micron 
Products, a subsidiary of 
Arrhythmia, since 1996, and 
was previously its president. 

What's News? 

Please let us hear from you with news of your career, 

marriage, family, address change — whatever. 

Why not send us a photo of yourself for publication. 

And, please include your spouse's full name when 

sending wedding or birth announcements. 

Check preferred mailing address. 


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E-mail Address 

Personal/career news for Transformations _ 

Mail— Alumni Editor, Transformations, WPI, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609-2280 

Fax— 508-831 -5820 

Web — (Class Notes are automatically forwarded to the editor) 

Dae to publication schedules, your news might not appear in print for 3-6 months from receipt. 




Merwin L. Hathaway '25 of 

Lexington, Mass., died June 12, 
2000. He married Burdette 
Couts in 1930, and had three 
sons and a daughter. Hathaway 
was retired from Raytheon Co., 
where he served as a product 
design engineer. He belonged 
to Theta Chi. 

Arnold P. Hayward '26 of 

Pittsburgh, Pa., died Nov. 28, 

2000. He was predeceased by 
his wife, Alice. Hayward was 
retired from Duquesne Light 
Co. He belonged to Lambda 
Chi Alpha and Skull. 

Ejnar Carl Hoglund '27 of 

Belfast, Maine, died July 11, 

2001. He leaves his wife, 
Barbara (Rogers), and a son. 
Another son predeceased him. 
Hoglund was a World War II 
Navy veteran and a 1930 gradu- 
ate of the Harvard Business 
School. He held management 
positions at New England 
Telephone Co. until his retire- 
ment in 1970. An active mem- 
ber of the Alumni Association, 
he served as president of the 
Boston regional club and 
chaired his 50th Reunion 

Gift Committee. 

Joseph G. Ardwin '28 of 

Southbury, Conn., died April 
29, 2001. He leaves his wife, 
Christine (Sargent), a son, a 
daughter, four grandchildren 
and a great-grandchild. Ardwin 
earned an MBA at Harvard 
University. He served as vice 
president of plant location for 
Sperry Gyroscope and later 
retired as secretary and treasurer 
of the Pension Fund for Savings 
and Loan Associations at Pentagra 
Corp. in New York City. 

Frank Fleming '28 of Sharon, 
Mass., died Aug. 4, 2001. 
He leaves his wife, Pauline 
(Goodale), a son, two daugh- 
ters, eight grandchildren 
and two great-grandchildren. 
Fleming managed the patent 
department ofThe Foxboro 
Company and continued as a 
consultant after he retired in 
1974. He belonged to Sigma 
Phi Epsilon. 

Alumni who wish to make contributions in memory 

of classmates and friends may contact the office of 

Development and University Relations at WPI. 

Holbrook L. Horton '29 of 

Farmington, Conn., died March 
His wife, 

died in 1992. 
Two sons 
and four 
grandchildren survive. Horton 
was the longtime editor and 
vice president of The Industrial 
Press and chief editor of 
Machinery's Handbook, a 
respected manual for the tool- 
and-die industry. He was also 
author of several books, includ- 
ing Mathematics at Work, 
now in its fourth printing. At 
WPI, Holbrook edited campus 
publications, played in the 
mandolin band and belonged to 
Theta Chi. Memorial donations 
may be made to WPI's Arthur 
Knight Scholarship Fund. 

Arthur R. Barnes Jr. '30 of 

Plymouth, Mass., died Oct. 22, 

2000. Predeceased by his wife, 
Jane (Potter), he leaves three 
sons, two daughters, 10 grand- 
children and six great-grandchil- 
dren. Barnes was president and 
co-founder of Barnes and Jarvis 
Inc. of Boston. He retired in 
1982 and continued as a con- 
sulting engineer. He belonged 
to Sigma Phi Epsilon. 

Francis J. Burgoyne '31 of 

Lancaster, Mass., died Jan. 15, 

2001. His wife, Alice (Langen), 
predeceased him by five years. 
Survivors include two sons, a 
daughter, nine grandchildren 
and four great-grandchildren. 
Burgoyne retired in 1972 as 
chief construction and project 
engineer for Norton Co. He 
was active in town government 
and served as clerk of the works 
for the Lancaster Middle School 
and other municipal construc- 
tion projects. 

Frederic C. Holmes '31 of 

Elkhart, Ind., died Oct. 2, 

2000. Widower of the former 
Katherine Spinney, who died in 
1953, he leaves two sons, five 
grandchildren and four great- 
grandchildren. Holmes joined 
Bird Machine Co. as a sales 
engineer in 1950 and worked in 
its Chicago facility until he 
retired in 1972. He belonged in 
Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Edward J. Odium '31 of 

Groton, Conn., died June 5, 

2001. He leaves his wife, Mary 
Fay, two sons, three daughters 
and 1 1 grandchildren. Odium 
earned a master's degree in elec- 
trical engineer at WPI in 1932. 
He was president of The 
Edward J. Odium Co. and vice 
president of Kaman Aircraft. He 
belonged to Phi Kappa Theta. 

John O. Charles '32 of Dallas, 
Texas, died Nov. 9, 2000. 
I Charles 
I earned a 
I I masters 

I A ^1 degree in 

^L _^J^t"\ mechanical 
hfs^^fl I engineering 
^LjH at WPI in 
1 933 and was retired from 
American Steel & Wire Co. 
A member of Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, he also belonged to 
Tau Beta Pi, Skull and Sigma Xi. 

Henry B. Pratt '32 of Lynden, 
Wash., died Oct. 3. 2001. 
Predeceased by his wife, Lois 
(Hatch), who died in 1994, he- 
leaves a son, three grandchil- 
dren and three great-grandchil- 
dren. Pratt designed bridges lot 
the New Hampshire I lighwav 
Department. I le designed a 
modern prototype to replace an 
18^2 wooden covered bridge. 
which is now listed on the 
National Register of 1 listoric 
Places. 1 le latei worked in the 
pulp and paper industry .is ,i 

consulting engineer. A charter 
member of the Alden Society 
and a Presidential Founder, he 
belonged to Theta Chi. 

Lawrence J. Sarkozy '32 of 

West Hartford, Conn., died 
May 9, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Clara 
(Cerqui), a 
son, a daugh- 
ter and three 
grandchildren. Sarkozy served as 
a mechanical engineer at Fenn 
Manufacturing for many years 
before he retired. In the late 
1930s he played for the 
Torrington Red Wings AAU 
Hockey team. 

John J. Dwyer '33 of 

Shrewsbury, Mass., died Oct. 
14, 2000. His first wife, Marie 
(Carey) died in 1978, and his 
second wife, Grace (LaVallee) 
Petit Dwyer, died in 1995. He 
leaves two sons, a daughter, 
nine grandchildren and 18 
great-grandchildren. Dwyer 
retired in 1976 as director of 
Worcester Boys Trade School, 
now Worcester Vocational 
High School. He previously 
taught calculus and physics at 
Worcester Junior College and 
worked summers as a civil 
engineer for Massachusetts 
Department of Public Works 
road construction projects. He- 
belonged to Phi Kappa Theta. 

Alden H. Fuller '33 of East 
Providence, R.I., died July 2}. 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wile. Jean 
three daugh- 
ters and tour 
dren. Fuller was retired from 
Mobil Oil Corp.. where he 
served .is a superintendent. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

4 Tram for mat ions \ Spring J 00 J 

Leighton Jackson '33 of 

Elsmere, Del., died Aug. 16, 
2001. Predeceased by his first 
wife, Margaret, he leaves his 
wife, Sadie (Fell), two daugh- 
ters, six grandchildren, six great- 
grandchildren and a great-great- 
grandchild. Jackson spent his 
career with DuPont Co. and 
retired as a technical investiga- 
tor. He belonged to Phi 
Gamma Delta, Tau Beta Pi and 
Sigma Xi. 

Willard P. Greenwood '34 of 

Scarborough, Maine, died 
March 1, 2001. He leaves his 
wife, Nancy, two children, four 
grandchildren and one great- 
grandchild. Greenwood worked 
for Forbes Lithography Co. for 
almost 30 years. He joined the 
S.D. Warren Division of Scott 
Paper Co. in 1963 and retired 
as manager of printing research 
in 1977. A graduate of MIT, he 
belonged to Theta Chi. 

Walter A. Blau Jr. '35 of 

Middletown, Conn., died Feb. 
14, 2001. Predeceased by his 
wife, Arline (Connery), he is 
survived by a brother and his 
family. Blau was formerly presi- 
dent of Blau Building Corp. 
and a co-owner of Blau Electric 
and Furniture. He also served as 
plant engineer for Wallace 
Silversmiths. He belonged to 
Sigma Phi Epsilon. 

Roger Bliven '35 of Taylors, 
S.C., died Feb. 24, 2001. He 
leaves his wife, Ella, a son, three 
daughters and a grandson. He 
was a chemical engineer for 
Draper/Rockwell and also 
worked for Steel Heddle Co. A 
graduate of Rutgers University, 
he belonged to Lambda Chi 

Herbert N. Hoffinan '35 of 

Sterling, Mass., died April 23, 
2001. His wife, Ruth (Peinert), 
died in 1992. Survivors include 
a son, a daughter and three 
grandchildren. Hoffman was a 
retired senior systems engineer 
for General Electric Co., where 
he worked for 42 years. He held 
22 patents. 

Theodore R. Latour '35 of 

Las Vegas died April 4, 2001. 

He leaves his 
wife, Irene, 
six sons, nine 
dren and 
seven great- 
dren. Latour was retired from 
DuPont Co., where he served 
as a chemical engineer. He 
belonged to Tau Beta Pi and 
Sigma Xi. 

Harry T. Anderson Jr. '36 of 

Reston, Va., died Jan. 28, 2001. 
Predeceased by his wife, 
Marjorie, he is survived by two 
daughters and six grandchil- 
dren. Anderson served in the 
Navy Civil Engineering Corps 
during World War II and later 
worked for Factory Insurance 
Association of Hartford, Conn., 
and Philadelphia. He belonged 
to Sigma Phi Epsilon. 

Perry P. Clark '36 of Summit, 
N.J., died May 13,2000. He 
leaves his wife, Louise, a son 
and two grandsons. Clark was a 
plant and production manager 
who worked for American Book 
Co. and the Reuben H. 
Donnelley Corp. Division of 
Dun & Bradstreet Corp. He 
also owned Perry Clark Realty 
in St. Croix, and served as a 
reserve officer in the U.S. Army 
Corps of Engineers with the 
rank of colonel. 

Robert Fowler Jr. '36 of 

Worcester died March 1 1, 
2001. His wife, Grace 
(Kahrman) died in 1984. He 
leaves a son, a daughter and 
three grandchildren. Fowler was 
an electrical engineer with New 
England Electric Co. for 40 
years. A member of Tech Old 
Timers, he received the group's 
Distinguished Service Award in 
1984, the same year he was 
honored with the Herbert F. 
Taylor Alumni Award for 
Distinguished Service to WPI. 

John H. "Jack" Covell Jr. '37 

of Winston-Salem, N.C., died 
Feb. 25, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Yvette, 
two daugh- 
ters and two 
dren. Covell retired from 
Western Electric as a depart- 
ment chief in 1978. 

Richard R. Leonard '37 of Eau 

Claire, Wis., died Dec. 25, 
2000. Predeceased by his wife, 
Betty, he leaves two children. 
Leonard graduated from the 
School of Industrial 
Management in 1954. He was 
retired from Riley Stoker Corp. 
as a proposal manager. 

Frederick B. Banan '38 

(M.S. '47) of Sun City, Ariz., 
died July 5, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Betty, a 
son and a 
Banan began 
his career as chemical engineer 
and spent 25 years as a comput- 
er specialist with General 
Electric Co. He belonged to 
Alpha Tau Omega. 

John G. Despo '38 of 

Westlake, Ohio, died Aug. 25, 

2000. He is survived by his 
wife, Catherine, and three chil- 
dren. Despo was the retired vice 
president of National Steel and 
Granite City Steel. He belonged 
to Sigma Alpha Epsilon. 

Willam E. Eaton '38 of 

Eugene, Ore., died June 8, 

2001. He is survived by his 
wife, Marjorie (Wilkinson), and 
a son. Eaton worked for the 
Eugene Water & Electric Board 
from 1946 to 1978. After retire- 
ment, he donated his collection 
of vintage electrical equipment 
to the utility and continued to 
augment and curate the public 
display until his death. 

Former class president and foot- 
ball captain John E. "Jack" 
Germain '38 of West Hartford, 
Conn., died Aug. 12, 2001. 
Predeceased by his wife of 50 
years, Isabel (Danskin), he 
leaves a son and three grand- 
children. Germain attended 
WPI for three years and gradu- 
ated from the University of 
Missouri in 1939. He began his 
career at Heald Machine Co., 
joined New Britain Machine 
Tool Co. in 1960, and retired in 
1981 as vice president of sales 
and marketing. He belonged to 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon and Skull. 

Stephen P. Stafford '38 of 

Hayes, Va., died April 22, 2001. 
He leaves his wife, Clara Fisher 
Stafford, two sons and a daugh- 
ter. Stafford worked at Newport 
News Shipbuilding and Drydock 
Co. for 40 years and retired as a 
design engineer consultant. He 
belonged to Sigma Phi Epsilon. 

Former Junior Class President 
Robert E. Dunklee Jr. '40 

of West Brattleboro, Vt., died 
April 14, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Esther 
(Miller), two 
sons, three 
1 1 grandchildren and 4 great- 
grandchildren. Dunklee was the 
founder and retired president 
of Dunklee Engineering, a 
residential septic design firm. 
A letterman in tennis and cross- 
country, he founded the Tech 
Outing Club and wrote for 
Tech News. He belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha, Sigma Xi, 
Tau Beta Pi, the Poly Club 
and Tech Old Timers. 

Edward R. Fox Sr. '40 of 

Shrewsbury, Mass., died June 
2, 2001. He leaves his wife, 
Marilyn (Cowland), three sons 
and six grand children. Fox 
attended WPI and later earned 
his bachelor's and master's 
degrees at Michigan State 
College. He was retired from 
Simplex Time Recorder Co. 
as district credit manager. 

Trans fo 

r mat ions 

Spring 2002 4 1 



Franklin D. Hayes '40, a 

lifelong resident of North 

Mass., died 
June 10, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Norma 
a son, a daughtet and three 
grandchildren. Hayes was the 
owner of Hayes Farm and a 
former chairman of the board 
of trustees of North Brookfield 
Savings Bank. 

Joseph V. Smolinski '40 of 

Worcester died May 20, 2001 . 
He is survived by a niece. 
Smolinski was a retired manu- 
facturing engineer whose career 
included positions at Honeywell 
Manufacturing, Sylvania 
Electronics Co., Raytheon 
Manufacturing Co., Whitin 
Machine Works and Scoville 
Manufacturing Co. He also 
studied violin at the New 
England Conservatory of Music. 

Harry Terkanian '40 of 

Lewisburg, W Va., died May 
29, 2001. He leaves his wife, 
Mildred, three sons, two daugh- 
ters, six grandchildren and two 
great-grandchildren. Terkanian 
was retired as a senior electrical 
engineer for Raytheon Co. 

Retired U.S. Navy Cmdr. 
William G. Thatcher '40 of 

Beach, Va., 
died April 
10, 2001. 
His wife, 
predeceased him. Two sons, 
four grandchildren and a great- 
grandson survive. Thatcher 
was commissioned by the Navy 
in 1940. He commanded sever- 
al ships and retired in 1961 as 
assistant chief of staff, COM- 
SERVLANT. After retiring from 
active military service, he was 
owner of Seaboard Iron Works. 
He belonged to Alpha Tau 

James C. Ferguson Sr. '41 of 

Brattleboro, Vt., died March 8, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Ruth 
a son, a 
three grand- 
children and two great-grand- 
children. A veteran of World 
War II, Ferguson retired from 
the U.S. Navy as a commander 
after 30 years of service. He 
later worked as a self-employed 
surveyor and civil engineer 
until his retirement in 1998. He 
belonged to Theta Chi. 

N. Aaron "Butch" Naboicheck 

'41 of Hartford, Conn., died 
Feb. 18, 
2001. He is 
survived by 
his wife, Lois 
(Salvin), two 
sons and 
three grand- 
children. Naboicheck was presi- 
dent of Gold Bond Mattress 
Co. from 1950 to 1992, and 
served as CEO emeritus until 
his death. He belonged to Phi 
Gamma Delta. 

Douglas A. Reid '41 of 

Chelmsford, Mass., died May 
31, 2001. He leaves his wife, 
Phyllis (Welch), a son and six 
grandchildren. Reid was a retired 
letter carrier. Before joining the 
U.S. Postal Service he worked 
for the former Schrafft Candy 
Co. in Boston for 25 years. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

E. Curtis Ambler '42 of 

Newington, Conn., died July 

' 17, 2001. He 
was married 
to the late 
from 1942 
to 1970 and 
the late Mary Louise (Wilkins) 
from 1970 to 1986. Surviving 
family members include two 
sons, a daughter, two step-chil- 
dren, twelve grandchildren and 
live great-grandchildren. I le 
also leaves his deal companion, 

» «- 

Florence Augustus. Ambler was 
retired from Stanley Tool Works 
as vice president of engineering 
for the Industrial Hardware 
Division. He held 19 patents. 
He belonged Sigma Phi Epsilon 
and the AJden Society. 

William L. Ames '42 of 

Mystic, Conn., died Dec. 27, 
2001. He leaves his wife, 
Eileen (Etherington). A Navy 
veteran of 
World War 
II and the 
Korean war, 
he designed 
and remained 
in the Naval Reserves for 22 
years, retiring as a commander. 
Ames joined Electric Boat (now 
a division of the General 
Dynamics Corp.) and retired 
as a chief engineer with 30 
years of service. A Presidential 
Founder, he served on his class's 
50th Reunion Committee and 
belonged to Phi Gamma Delta, 
Skull, Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi. 

Frederick W. Lindblad '42 

Aurora, 111., died April 10, 

2000. Predeceased by his wife, 
Vera, he leaves two sons. 
Lindblad started his career 
with Norton Co. and founded 
U.S. Diamond Wheel Co. in 
1945, and Ultra Diamond Co. 
in 1978. He belonged to 
Theta Chi. 

Russell C. Proctor Jr. '42 of 

Houston, Texas, died June 1 5, 

2001. He leaves his wife, De Ja, 
his two daughters, three grand- 
children and two great-grand- 
children, as well as Deja's two 
sons, daughter and five grand- 
children. Proctor was the 
founder and manager of Proctor 
Engineering Co. and was retired 
from Plant Process Equipment 
Co. He belonged to Sigma Phi 

L. Howard Reagan '44 of 

Williamsburg, Va., died Sept. 
I 1 ), 2(100. Predeceased In his 

wile, [anice 1 1 )eVoe), he leaves .i 
son, a daughter, a grandson and 

two great-granddaughters. After 
working for Sylvania and * ITE, 

42 Transformations \ Spring 2002 

Bill Ames and I first met 
when we pledged to the 
Phi Gamma Delta House 
at WPI in 1 939. We 
met again during our 
membership in the Sailing 
Club Bill's life and 
my life were locked 
together through 
the love of water, 
Worcester Tech, 
Phi Gamma Delta 
and the love of 
our country. 

— from A Celebration of the Life 
of William Lewis Ames '42, 

by Robert Pettibone Seaton '43. 

The full text is posted on the Alumni 

Cafe at 

Reagan joined Communications 
Satellite Corp. (COMSAT), in 
1963 and retired in 1983 as 
manager of documentation. 

George D. Williams '44 of 

East Sandwich, Mass., died 
March 24, 2001. He leaves his 
wife, Mary (Hoey), two sons, 
two daughters and eight grand- 
daughters. Williams retired in 
1973 from Bailey Meter Co. as 
Boston district manager. He 
later worked for New England 
Gas and Electric Co., which 
later became ComElectric, until 
he retired in 1987 as manager 
of fuels in Wareham. 

George T. "Bud" Brown '45 

of Tiverton, R.I., died Dec. 1 1, 
2000. He leaves two sons, a 
daughter, his former wife, Lucy 
Brown, and nine grandchildren. 
Brown was president ol the for- 
mer \X hitinsville Spinning Ring 

Co. before he retired in 1984. 

He was also active in a number 
of civic and athletic organiza- 
tions and served as editor ol 

Old Rhode hi, nid magazine. 
1 le belonged n> I'hi Sigma 


Olavi H. Halttuncn '45 of 

I inn .ml. \l.iss dii .I' >> I 13. 
2000. 1 le is survived by '"" 

daughters. I lalttunen was a 

retired sales manager fbl I 

I In in. < ii. I le belonged to 

I lieu ( 111 .md Skull. 

Theodore A. Balaska '46 of 

Bradenton, Fla., died Jan. 15, 
200 1 . He leaves his wife, 
Barbara, a son, a daughter, and 
several grandchildren. Balaska 
was president of Insulated 
Power Cable Services Inc., 
which he founded in 1986. 
A senior life member of the 
IEEE, he was a past chair of 
the Insulated Conductors 
Committee, which honored him 
with its 1990 Distinguished 
Service Award. He belonged 
to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

William M. Hovenesian '46 of 

Worcester died Jan. 5, 2000. He 
leaves his wife, Mary (Ryan), 
and a daughter. Hovenesian was 
a die draftsman for Vellumoid 
Corp. and later drove a taxi for 
the IOTA and Yellow Cab com- 
panies. He belonged to Lambda 
Chi Alpha. 

William P. Jaegle '46 of Santa 
Clarita, Calif., died July 28, 
2001. He leaves his wife, 
Shelley (Doran), two sons, two 
daughters and six grandchil- 
dren. Jaegle was a regional sales 
manager for Wyman-Gordon 
Co. and the owner of William 
Jaegle Assoc, an aerospace 
industry sales agency. 

Carroll E. Burtner '47 died 
March 1, 2001, at his home 
in Lake of the Woods, Va. His 
wife, Susan (Burns), survives. 
He also leaves two daughters 
and two grandchildren from 
his first marriage to Patricia 
Jackman, which ended in 
divorce. Burtner held a master's 
degree in engineering adminis- 
tration from George 
Washington University. His 
career included work on Boeing 
Corp. fire protection projects 
for NASA and government serv- 
ice with the General Services 
Administration and OSHA. He 
belonged to Alpha Chi Lambda. 

Malcolm S. Hinckley '48 of 

West Hartford, Conn., died 
April 16, 2001. Predeceased by 
his wife, Evelyn, he is survived 
by a son and a daughter. He 
also leaves Christine Ntate, who 
cared for him after Evelyn's 
death. Hinckley worked for the 
Connecricut State Highway 

Department for 36 years and 
retired in 1983. After retire- 
ment he continued to work as 
a surveyor. He belonged to 
Phi Gamma Delta. 

Russell D. Turner '48 of 

Pueblo West, Colo., died May 
10, 2001. Survivors include his 
wife, Evelyn, and two daugh- 
ters. Turner was retired from 
Miller Brewing Co. as manager 
of environmenral and energy 
engineering. He belonged to 
Theta Chi. 

Robert W. Batchelder '49 of 

Hampton Falls, N.H., died Jan. 
26, 2001. His wife, Jeanne 
(Colt), survives him. Batchelder 
was a rerired sales represenrative 
for Aetna Insurance Co., where 
he worked for more than 
20 years. 

Former track and soccer team 
captain Albert R. DeLoid '49 

of Carver, Mass., died June 22, 
200 1 . He leaves his wife, Claire 
(Nava), two sons, two daughters 
and nine grandchildren. DeLoid 
was the retired president and 
owner of DeLoid Associates 
Inc., a construction business 
he operated for 40 years. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha, 
Tau Beta Pi and Skull. 

Russell P. Larson '49, a life- 
long resident of Worcester, 
died June 12,2001. His wife, 
Dolores V. (Pearson), died in 
1996. Survivors include his for- 
mer wife, Charlotte (Field) 
Larson, two sons, a daughter, a 
stepdaughter, 10 grandchildren 
and a great-grandchild. Larson 
retired from Perini International 
as a project manager with 1 5 
years of service and later served 
as a consulrant to Douglas G. 
Peterson Assoc. He belonged 
to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Charles Theodore "Ted" 
Layton '49 of Media, Pa., 
died May 20, 2001. He leaves 
his wife, Carol (Graham), two 
sons and four grandchildren. 
Layton was retired from Bell 
Atlantic Corp. (now Verizon 
Communications) with 36 
years of service. He belonged 
to Theta Chi. 

John H. Tomalonis '49 of 

North Hampton, N.H., died 
Nov. 15, 2000. He leaves his 
wife, Joanne (McCann), and 
four children. Tomalonis was a 
retired American Airlines pilot 
with 30 years of service. 

Russell Norris '50 of Shelton, 
Conn., died Nov. 21, 2000. He 
leaves his wife, Dorothy, and 
one son. Norris was the retired 
president of Brodsky & Norris 
Inc., manufacturers representa- 
tives. He belonged to Sigma 
Phi Epsilon. 

Edward J. Sydor '50 of 

Logansport, Ind., and Venice, 
Fla., died 
April 11, 
2002. He 
leaves his 
a son and a grandson, and was 
predeceased by a son. Sydor 
joined National Friction 
Products as vice president and 
general manager in 1969 and 
retired as president and CEO. 
A Presidential Founder and life- 
time member of the President's 
Advisor Council, he and Milly 
established the Edward J. and 
Mildred P. Sydor Scholarship 
Fund. Sydor was a 2000 recipi- 
ent of the Robert H. Goddard 
Alumni Award for Professional 

Lexton H. Carroll '51 of Fort 
Myers Beach, Fla., died Aug. 11, 
200 1 . He leaves his wife, Jane, a 
son, a daughter and five grand- 
children. Carroll was owner and 
president of Carroll Chevrolet 
in West Brookfield, Mass., until 
he retired in 1980. A 1993 
recipient of the American Warer 
Ski Educational Foundation's 
Award of Disrinction, Carroll 
was appointed president for life 
by the American Water Ski 
Association (now USA Water 
Ski). He belonged to Alpha 
Tau Omega. 

Arthur H. Gerald Jr. '51 of 

Bellevue, Wash., died April 6, 
200 1 . He leaves his wife of four 
years, Alice (Messier), a son, 

four stepdaughters and two 
stepsons. He firsr wife, Jean 
Yosuko (Matsumura), prede- 
ceased him, as did his father, 
Arthur H. Gerald '15, and a 
brother, Clyde Gerald '40. 
Arthur Gerald Jr. joined Boeing 
Co. in 1952 as a tool engineer 
and spent his entire career 
there, retiring as a manufactur- 
ing engineering manager. He 
belonged to Theta Chi. 

W. Evans Johnson '51 of 

Jacksonville, Fla., died Dec. 19, 
2001. He leaves his wife, Jean 
"Pinky" Johnson, a son, three 
daughters and seven grandchil- 
dren. Johnson was the retired 
chairman and CEO of St. Johns 
Chemical Corp., which he 
cofounded in 1971 and sold to 
Westvaco Corp. in 1984. He 
belonged to the President's 
Advisory Council and Sigma 
Phi Epsilon. 

Walter F. Jaros Jr. '52 of 

Peabody, Mass., died Feb. 26, 
2001. He 
is survived 
by his wife, 

(Socha), and 
two sons. 
Jaros was 
a retired senior engineer with 
Raytheon Co. He belonged 
to Theta Chi, Eta Kappa Nu, 
Tau Beta Pi, and Sigma Xi. 

Norman A. Holm '55 (SIM) 
of Holden, Mass., died May 7, 
2001, at the age of 78. He 
leaves his wife, Elaine (Fegreus), 
a son and four grandchildren. 
Holm was a graduate of the 
Colorado Engineering School 
of Mines. He was retired from 
the former Rex Chain Belt Co., 
where he served for 44 years 
as a plant and tool engineer. 

David A. Koch '56 of West 
Bloomfield, Mich., died Sept. 
20, 2001. He leaves a son, a 
daughter and three grandchil- 
dren. A graduate of the Chrysler 
Institute of Engineering, 
Koch was retired from 
DaimlerChrysler Corp. as 
a structural engineer. 

Transformations \ Spring 2002 43 



Salvatore H. Bello '57 of 

Milford, N.H., died April 4, 
2001. He leaves his former wife, 
Anne (Nobrega), a son, a daugh- 
ter and three grandchildren. 
Bello worked for Henrix Wire 
and Cable as a senior product 
engineer for new product devel- 
opment. A saxophone and clar- 
inet player, he belonged to sever- 
al Worcester-area dance bands. 

John H. Porter '58 of Fairfield, 
Conn., died June 23, 2001. 
Porter joined the faculty of 
Fairfield University's School 
of Engineering as an associate 
professor in 1994 and was later 
appointed director of its mas- 
ter's program in software engi- 
neering. A member of Alpha 
Tau Omega, he leaves a sister 
and several nieces and nephews. 

Arthur E. "Bud" Legall Jr. '60 

of Sunrise, Fla., died Feb. 5, 
200 1 . He leaves his wife, Sandra, 
two sons and a grandson. Legall 
was a sales manager for Hughes 
Supply at the time of his death. 
He previously co-owned and 
operated Shores Supply. He 
belonged to Phi Kappa Theta. 

Michael Errede '62 (MNS), 
of Middletown, Conn., died 
Jan. 7, 2001, at the age of 81. 
Predeceased by his first wife, 
Victoria (Veronesi), he leaves 
his wife, Helen (D'Apice), 
two daughters and a grandson. 
Errede was a graduate of 
Central Connecticut State 
University and the University 
of Connecticut. He taught at 
A.I. Prince Technical School 
in Hartford, served as assistant 
director of the Evening Division 
at E.C. Goodwin Technical 
School, and later was a con- 
sultant to the Connecticut 
Department of Education. 

Richard A. Scott '62 of 

Sudbury, Mass., died June 1, 
2001. He leaves his wife, Mary 
"Pat" (Putter), and two sons. 
Scott earned a master's degree 
in electrical engineering at WPI 
in 1964. He served in the U.S. 

Army at the Department of 
Defense Computer Institute 
and later held management 
positions at RCA Memory 
Products, Digital Equipment 
Co. and Home Depot. 

Walter H. Holbrook '63 

(SIM), 86, ofHolden, Mass., 
died Feb. 19, 2001. His wife, 
Alice (Canavan), died in 1994. 
He is survived by a daughter, 
three grandchildren and two 
great-grandchildren. Holbrook 
was a graduate of the New 
England School of Accounting. 
A longtime employee of Norton 
Co., he retired as assistant super- 
intendent of Plant 7 in 1979. 

Michael P. Penti '64 of 

Billerica, Mass., died Dec. 29, 

2000, of lung cancer. He leaves 
his wife, Jean (Sinnamon), and 
three sons. Penti worked as a 
civil engineer for New England 
Electric Co. until he retired due 
to his illness. He belonged to 
Phi Sigma Kappa. 

George F. Kane '65 (SIM), a 
retired Worcester public works 
employee, died April 19, 2001, 
at UMass Memorial Medical 
Center-Memorial Campus. His 
wife, Eleanor (Moschella), sur- 
vives. A graduate of the New 
England School of Accounting, 
Kane worked at Crompton & 
Knowles Co. for 25 years. He 
later served as assistant commis- 
sioner for administration in the 
Worcester Department of 
Public Works for 1 4 years 
before retiring in 1991. 

Louis G. Matte Jr. '66 (M.S.) 
of Nashua, N.H., died May 4, 

2001. His wife, Pamela (Cluff), 
survives. A graduate of Lowell 
Technological Institute (now 
the University of Massachusetts 
Lowell), Matte completed a year 
of postgraduate study at MIT. 
He was retired from Rockwell 
International, where he worked 
as an electrical engineer. 

Guenther T. Pollnow '66 of 

Jensen Beach, Fla., died Dec. 1, 

2000. He leaves two sons, two 
daughters, a granddaughter, and 
his former wife, Linda DeVeer. 
Pollnow was a project financial 
analyst with Pratt & Whitney 
for 32 years. A member of 
Lambda Chi Alpha, he served as 
pledge trainer in his junior and 
senior years at WPI. 

E. Andrew Harvie '69 (SIM) 
of Grafton, Mass., died June 30, 

2001, at age 80. Predeceased by 
his first wife, Marion (Lincoln), 
in 1991, he leaves his wife, Jean 
(Gillespie) Peterson Harvie, a 
daughter, a son, 1 5 grandchil- 
dren and 10 great-grandchildren. 
Harvie worked for Bay State 
Abrasives for 44 years and 
retired in 1985 as assistant to 
the vice president of research 
and engineering. 

Richard P. Ludorf 74 died 
unexpectedly at his home in 
Southington, Conn., on Nov. 
13, 2000. He is survived by his 
wife, Carmen (McElveen), and 
rwo daughters. Ludorf held a 
master's degree in electrical 
engineering from RPI and an 
MBA from the University of 
Connecticut. He worked for 
Northeast Utilities Service Co. 
for 21 years and belonged to 
Alpha Chi Rho and Sigma Xi. 

Oscar O. Westerback 74 

(SIM) of Worcester died Oct. 
25, 2000, at the age of 79. He 
leaves his wife, Madeleine 
(Brodeur), two daughters and 
two grandchildren. Westerback 
worked for New England High 
Carbon Wire Co. and retired 
as a supervisor in 1980. 

Richard H. Morrissey 75 ot 

Framingham, Mass., died May 
22, 2001. A 1978 graduate of 
Suffolk University Law School, 
he served as a public defender 
for Middlesex County Irom 
1980 to 1981. He then worked 
for Verizon Telecommunications 
Corp. and its predecessors. 
Morrisey is remembered as an 
expert on the history ol comics. 
He leaves an auni and .i Jose 
Iriend, P.uru i.i I loss nl 


Michael J. Rocheleau 75 of 

Lincoln Shire, 111., died unex- 
pectedly of 
natural causes 
on July 10, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
parents, a 
brother, a 
sister, and nieces and nephews. 
Rocheleau was mechanical 
engineer who worked in the 
hospital equipment industry 
for many years. 

Roy Howard Smith 76 of 

Holliston, Mass., died March 1, 
2001. He was a computer net- 
work administrator for United 
Parcel Service. He is survived 
by his mother. 

Robert P. Flynn 78 of West 
Hartford, Conn., died Feb. 2, 
200 1 . He leaves his wife, Ann 
(Murphy), a son and a daugh- 
ter. Flynn held an MBA from 
Babson College. A longtime 
manufacturers' sales representa- 
tive, he later founded Bob 
Flynn Assoc. He belonged to 
Alpha Tau Omega. 

Samuel N. Apostola '82 (SIM) 
of Southbridge, Mass., died 
May 28, 2002, at the age of 76. 
He leaves his wife, Genevieve 
(Soter), a son, a daughter, and 
five grandchildren. Apostola 
retired from Hyde Manufactur- 
ing in 1989 as manager of 
quality control. He previously 
worked for American Optical 
Co. and, along with his brother, 
owned and operated Apostola 
Brothers General Store for 
25 years. 

Edward J. Jeffrey Sr. '84 

(SIM), 59, of Bolton, Mass- 
died March 28, 2001. He leaves 
his wife, Jean (Silvester), a son 
and a daughter. Jeffrey was a 
purchasing manager lor Get 
Plasticcom. He previously 
worked tor Coz Plastic. 

4 4 Transformation! \ S firing 2002 

Michael J. Toomey Si. '84 of 

Dudley, Mass., died Oct 3, 
2000, at age 59. He leaves his 
wife, Wanda (Turstig), two 
sons, three daughters and six 
grandchildren. Toomey was 
president and CEO of Flagship 
Bank and Trust Co. A graduate 
of Clark University and the 
Graduate School of Commercial 
Lending at the University of 
Oklahoma, he earned a certifi- 
cate in plant engineering 
from WPI. 

Richard W. Masterson '85 

(SIM) of Worcester died April 

27, 2001, at the age of 65. He 
leaves his wife, Nancy 
(Barbour), a son, a daughter, 
and one grandchild. A graduate 
of Quinsigamond Community 
College, Masterson worked for 
Bay State Abrasives and the 
Worcester County Courthouse. 

Robert D. Pare '86 of Phoenix, 
Ariz., died May 25, 2001, after 
a long illness. He worked for 
Itek Corp. Surviving family 
members include his parents, 
two sisters and a brother. 

Michael J. Carroll '89 died 
May 8, 2001, at his home in 
Westerly, R.I. He leaves his par- 
ents, a brother and a sister. 
Carroll was an engineering spe- 
cialist in the propulsion depart- 
ment of Electric Boat Division 
of General Dynamics Corp. He 
belonged to Pi Tau Sigma. 

Karen Sears George '89 of 

Somerville, Mass., died March 

28, 2001, after a courageous 
battle with breast cancer. Wife 
of Robert Reed George II '89 
and sister of Wendy Sears Hall 
'91, she also leaves a son, her 
father and another sister. 
George earned an MBA from 
the Amos Tuck School at 
Darrmouth College and joined 
Bain & Co. in 1995. She left in 
1998 to pursue full-time moth- 
erhood, and later resumed her 
career as an independent busi- 
ness consultant and co-founder 
of an Internet startup. 

Meditation Area 


About 75 friends of Adam El-Khishin '99 gathered on campus recently to honor his memory at the 
dedication of the Adam El-Khishin Meditation Area. This secluded, peaceful area, with its stone benches, 
natural rock birdbath and plantings, is located adjacent to the Campus Center and is accessible from 
the footpath at the rear of the building. 

Adam, an Australian native, was a first-year medical student at Washington University in St. Louis when 
he was killed in an automobile accident in January 2000. His grandmother, Ruth Smith (above, center), 
traveled from Australia to attend the dedication ceremony and to visit the school and city where Adam had 
lived for four years. Accompanying her were Adam's cousins, Mona El-Khishin (left) and Bernadette Cahill, 
both of London. 

The dedication ceremony included personal expressions by President Parrish, Vice President for Student 
Affairs Bernie Brown, International Students Advisor Tom Thomsen, Pallavi Singh '01 , Anne McPartland 
Dodd '75 (representing Skull), and Asima Silva '01 and Zareen Mushtaque '00 (representing the WPI 
Student Muslim Association). Adam's cousins unveiled the memorial plaque, which reads: 





Transformations \ Spring 2002 4 5 

Public Eye 

Norton Bonaparte '75 was profiled in the 

- in an article that was reprinted in the January/February 
2002 issue of (Public Management), the journal of the 

International City/County Management Association. He is business 
administrator for the city of Camden, N.J. . . . Stefan Hagopian 
'82, D.O., was interviewed for Alternative T: 
Nov/Dec 2001 issue. He studied with Jon Kabat-Zinn at the 
Stress Reduction and Relaxation Program of the University of 
Massachusetts Medial Center and graduated from the University 
of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine . . . 
Nancy Pimental '87's movie opened in 

theaters in April . . . Mary (Sexton) Winslow '89 and her husband, 
Hal, were top bidders on a weekend in Worcester offered during 
the annual auction. Their package included accommoda- 

tions at the Beechwood Hotel, dinner at The Flying Rhino on 
Shrewsbury Street, and admission to several of Wormtown's cultural 
attractions . . . Capt. Mike Andretta '96 was featured in an 
article on the Marine Corps' Mountain Warfare Training Center that 
appeared in magazine. He is the officer in charge of the 

Instructor Qualification Course, which pits would-be instructors 
against extreme conditions in California's Sierra Nevada . . . Myles 
Walton '97 and his wife, Annalisa Weigel, may have made history 
at MIT as the first married couple to defend their dissertations on 
the same day. The May 8, 2002 issue of Ml 
described their intradepartmental courtship and their doctoral 
research — his in aeronautics and astronautics, and hers in technology, 
management and policy. 

( Continued from page 4) 

To the Editor: 

Never was the timing so right 
as now for WPI to declare and 
expand on its commitment to a 
better future for its students, and 
for the world they will help create. 
In my opinion, we are on the 
doorstep of a world about to be 
literally transformed from what 
we now know and the way we 
now live. 

Your new journal, Transformations, 

speaks of a WPI that is fully aware 

of this transformation and ready 

to help lead the way in education 

and production. I could not have 

been more pleased with the message you wove into the fabric of your 

inaugural issue. Nor could I have been more delighted with the tone 

and with the force of its intelligence. 

I have always loved WPI, and now you know why. You surround me 
with wonderful people. 

Charles M. Zettek 

Planning Consultant 

To the Editor: 

I have a couple of issues to raise relative to the articles in the Winter 
2002 issue about automobile propulsion ("Thinking Small"). 

One, the article made no mention that MTBE [an oxygenate added to 
some gasolines] is a recognized carcinogen, and that it is turning up 
in the ground water in California. In fact, the state is so concerned 
that they are phasing it out as an auto fuel additive. 

Two, everybody is talking about the fuel cell nirvana, but I have yet to 
see anywhere the source of all the hydrogen that is assumed to be the 
utterly pollution-free fuel. How is all this hydrogen to be produced, and 
what will be the environmental implications of its production? Will it be 
like ethanol, which consumes more energy in its production than it 
contains when they get through making it? 

And three, if gasoline is to be the fuel of choice for fuel cells, what 
will happen to all the other goodies after the hydrogen is extracted? 
I thought one of the virtues of the fuel cell was that it would reduce 
our dependence on Middle Eastern oil. This doesn't look like the 
way to accomplish that. 

L. C. Brautigam '49 

Kensington, Conn. 

46 Transformation! I Spring 2002 

Ravindra Datta, head of WPI's Chemical 
Engineering Department and director of 
its Fuel Cell Center, responds: 

I'd like to address Mr. Brautigam's second two 
points. The source of the hydrogen for fuel cells 
would depend on the application. For home and 
stationary applications, it would most likely be 
natural gas; for automobiles, it would probably 
be gasoline or similar hydrocarbons. Renewable 
fuels, such as ethanol, might also be used. There is considerable 
controversy on the net energy balance in the production of anhydrous 
ethanol (which involves the removal of 90 percent of the water by 
volume via distillation of fermentation broths). However, fuel cells can 
use ethanol from which only 40 to 50 percent of the water has been 
removed, resulting in an energy savings. 

Although the reforming processes that produce hydrogen from other 
fuels will undoubtedly generate some pollutants, including carbon 
monoxide and carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas), fuel cells are about 
twice as efficient as internal combustion engines. They will, therefore, 
use less petroleum, extending the fossil fuel reserves, and produce 
dramatically lower levels of pollutants. However, the best long-term 
solution may be to use renewable fuels or produce hydrogen directly 
from water and sunlight, using solar cells or biocatalysts. 

To the Editor: 

I don't wish to disparage the many accomplishments of Robert Stempel 
'65, former chairman of General Motors ("Recharged," Winter 2002). 
However, crediting him with the invention of the catalytic converter 
deserves further investigation. 

In 1 953 and 1 954, I was chief engineer and plant manager of 
Oxycatalyst Inc. in Wayne, Pa. This company was the brainchild of 
Eugene Houdry, a French chemical engineer who was a major 
contributor to the catalytic cracking of gasoline to improve yield and 
octane rating of motor fuels. Houdry came to the United States in the 
late 1 930s, sponsored by Sun Oil and Standard Oil of New Jersey. 
Together, they revolutionized gasoline refining processes. 

Following World War II, in the late 1 940s, Houdry turned to the 
problem of automobile exhaust, founding Oxycatalyst to conduct 
research and development and manufacturing of his concepts. When 
I worked there in 1 953, Oxycatalyst had developed a practical and 
effective catalytic converter using finely divided platinum deposited on 
a ceramic base — essentially the structure of most catalytic converters in 
use today. Unfortunately for Oxycatalyst, these required the use of 
unleaded gasoline or LPG to avoid poisoning the catalyst. 

Oxycatalyst made a poor business decision that ended the company. 
Houdry believed that a successful converter would have to handle 
leaded fuel, because the world would not give up cheap high-octane 
gasoline. Most of our research efforts were directed to developing a 
catalyst that would not be poisoned by lead, and could be made from 
metals less costly than platinum. In almost 50 years, these goals have 
not been achieved and the catalytic converter today is quite similar, 
in all respects, to the unit of 1 953. 

Eventually, in the 1960s, Oxycatalyst sold its extensive patent rights 
to the auto manufacturers, including General Motors, who were under 
increasing government pressure to reduce air pollution. 

Despite his lack of commercial success, Eugene Houdry should be 
credited with the creation and reduction to practice of the catalytic 
converter. The patent record should show this. His was another sad 
example of a good idea born before its time. Please help to set the 
record straight. 

Nicholas M. Peitzel '79 (M.S.) 
Boylston, Mass. 

Robert Stempel responds: 

Mr. Peitzel is quite correct. There was considerable work done on 
catalysts before they were successfully introduced on vehicles to con- 
trol exhaust emissions. The team at General Motors looked closely at 
catalysts used in the chemical and petroleum refinery processes, as 
well as at the work of Houdry. We did work with the refiners to get the 
lead out of gasoline starting in 1 971 , knowing that lead would render 

the catalysts inoperative, 
as shown by Houdry and 
others. Many other things 
had to change, including 
the special stainless steel 
to contain the catalyst, 
the exhaust flow over 
and through the catalyst 
for maximum exhaust 
cleanup, and so on. 

Catalytic converters were 
invented long before the 
GM team developed the 
multidimensional solution 
that allowed the device 
to be used in the harsh 
automotive environment 
to reduce exhaust emissions over the life of the car. With hundreds 
of millions of catalytic converters in use since 1 975, millions of tons 
of hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide have been eliminated from 
the atmosphere, along with the virtual elimination of airborne 
lead particulates. 

Mr. Peitzel also notes that lead additives made low-cost, high-octane 
fuel possible (an invention of the GM Research Labs that led to the 
formation of the Ethyl Corporation). Thanks to continuing inventiveness, 
low-cost, high-octane lead-free fuel is available today, permitting the 
higher compression ratios found on many of today's low-emission, 
low-fuel-consumption vehicles. 

Transformations I Spring 2002 47 

Time Machine 


Alumni Help WPI 

Its History 

By Amy L. Marr '96 

It's been said that one man's trash is another man's treasure. That's a 
saying that Rodney Obien can relate to. As WPFs archivist and special 
collections librarian, Obien spends much of his time collecting treas- 
ures from WPI's history. Many of those treasures once resided — one 
step from the trash — in die attics, garages and closets of WPI alumni. 

* J * 4 4***4 

A sampling of Gordon Library's extensive collection of artifacts from WPI history, many 
donated by alumni. Recent contributors include Al Papianou '57 (class memorabilia and 
antique WPI postcards) and the families of Ed Bayon '31 (photo album and Skull memort 
and Joseph Kapinos '33 (classic WPI ruler and T-square, old yearbooks and textbooks). 

Each year, Obien says, through the thoughtfulness and generos- 
ity of living alumni and the families of deceased alumni, WPI's story 
grows richer and more complete. In addition to receiving donations 
ill the archives' home in Gordon Library, he says he has visited 
homes of alumni and their families to accept gilts <il artifacts thai 
once held a special place in the memories of graduates. 

Items that make their way CO the WPI Archives are not simply 
relegated to boxes in some dusty corner. As Obien puts it, the 

"archives is a place for people to make a tangible connection 
with WPI's rich past." 

Each year, hundreds of alumni, students and other visitors 
make that connection, some to do serious research, others just to 
browse. The archives is also popular with genealogists and others 

seeking family roots. "Sometimes a yearbook photo 
is all that exists as a visual record of someone during 
early adulthood," Obien says. "Helping people find 
information about their families always makes me 
feel quite satisfied about what I do." 

In addition to cataloging his newfound treasures, 
Obien spends a considerable amount of time deve- 
loping new and creative ways to make them accessible. 
Recent ideas have included displays around the 
library and setting aside a small room to showcase 
items that open a window into student life through 
the years, including yearbooks, issues of the student 
newspaper, beanies, mugs, signs and T-shirts. 

When students visit the archives, Obien likes 
to show them the library's extensive collection of 
course catalogs on display, dating back to WPI's 
days as the Worcester Free Institute. Many of these 
were donated to the archives by alumni who kept 
them as treasured mementos of their student days. 
"Today's students seem awestruck by the fact 
that these still exist and that they can hold them in 
their hands," Obien says. "I tell them to remember 
that when they're inventing new things; will those 
new technologies stand the test of time, as these 
books have?" 

Among the WPI artifacts that Obien most 
enjoys holding in his hands are the Theo Brown 
diaries. "Brown, a member of the Class of 1901, 
eventually became the chief engineer for John 
Deere," he says. "The diaries, which date from 1893 
to 1971, contain a fascinating collection of writings, 
news clippings and drawings that document the life 
of one of WPI's most distinguished graduates." 
Theo Brown's diaries were donated to WPI 
by his daughter. Were it not lor gilts like hers. 
Obien says, the archives would have tar lewer 
stories to tell about WPI, its history and its people. 
"The generous gifts ol alumni and their families 
have added immeasurably to our collections.'' he says. "I'd ask readers 
to keep that in mind the next time they're cleaning the cobwebs out 
of their attics. You never know what kinds ol WPI treasures might 
be lurking t here 

— Marr. manager of Web development al U'VV, earned 
a bachelor's degree in technical communications and a 
matter's in marketing at the university. 

48 Transformation! \ Spring 2002 


lack to WPI 
leaving home; 



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Faded sweatshirts look great as they get older, but eventually 
they do fade away. That WPI mug won't last forever, and even- 
tually you will lose your cap . . . but you don't have to lose faith. 

This is not a problem of engineering proportions.. .not when 
your WPI bookstore has all those things and a whole lot more. 

Jackets, diplo 
stadium blanl 


mes, alumni chairs, even afghans and 
i just a click away at 

If it's easier for you to call, our toll-free number is 
1 -888-wpi-books . . . and if you happen to be nearby, 
come visit us at our new location in the Campus Center. 

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Going With the Flow 

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Now Richard Whitcomb's just staying alive 


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y encouraging women and minorities to explore the 
hces is cruciq) to ensuring America's competitive edge 



Electric Wings 

James Dunn is out to develop the next 
big thing in aircraft propulsion 



Mitch Sanders turns proteins into products 
that make the world safer and healthier 

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S^'P 6 5-D.GIT0S224 

1 V. , 


onies in uiving 

On the Value of Higher Education 

Few people appreciate the value of education as much 
as Nancy and Fred Costello. With six children and 1 1 
grandchildren, they've made education a priority in 
their family. "Nancy is really my hero," says Fred. 
"After raising our family she went back for not one, but 
two master's degrees." Fred (retired division president 
with Union Carbide, WPI Goddard Award winner, 
40th Anniversary Gift co-chair, former Alumni Funds 
Board member and president-elect of the WPI Alumni 
Association) credits his father, James V. Costello, with 
instilling in him this appreciation. "From him I learned 
to value education, hard work, taking advantage of 
opportunities and the importance of family. Like my 
dad, I believe strongly in higher education, which is 
why I have wanted to stay so involved with WPI." 

Nancy and Fred Costello '59 

Homes: Washington, Conn.; Bonita Springs, Fla. 

Gift Arrangement: Outright Gift Establishing an Endowed Scholarship Fund 

On Gift Planning at WPI 

Wanting to make a leadership gift to WPI in 
conjunction with Fred's 40th Reunion, the Costellos 
looked first at deferred gift options, but chose instead 
to make a gift the university can use now. They 
established an endowed scholarship fund in memory of 
Fred's father, with preference to be given to Hispanic 
students from Berkshire County in Massachusetts. 
"Nancy and I liked the idea of endowing that assistance 
in perpetuity, and meeting the recipients," Fred says. 
"I hope those students will be inspired later in life to 
make that same help available to others. Besides, 
keeping in touch with students is a great way for us 
to stay young — at heart, at least!" 


Endowed funds at WPI generate approximately $1 2.7 million each year for scholarships, professorships, academic programs, 

facilities, and all other aspects of the university's operations. Gifts made outright, or through life-income gift arrangements or 

other deferred or bequest options, may be added to existing funds or used to establish a new fund. If you would like more 

information about endowed funds at WPI, contact the Office of Planned Giving. 



Taking Flight 

Ninety-nine years ago, on a windswept beach in North Carolina, a 
spindly machine made of ash, spruce and steel rose briefly into the 
salt air, propelled by a noisy four-cylinder engine. With a lone pilot 
struggling to keep its muslin-covered wings level, the ungainly craft 
settled back onto the sand 12 seconds and 120 feet later. For the 
first time in history, an aircraft had made a sustained flight under its 
own power. 

The first flight of the Wright brothers' Flyer inaugurated the 
Air Age — a century of extraordinary technological achievements that 
enabled winged vehicles to fly ever faster, higher and farther. It 
should come as no surprise that WPI alumni, faculty and students 
have played roles, both small and large, in many of the pivotal mile- 
stones of the first 100 years of powered flight. 

With this issue of Transformations, we begin a yearlong focus 
on WPI's role in the evolution of aviation and space technology. We 
invite readers to help us plan the rest of this special year by sending 
us ideas for future stories. (See page 19 for more.) 

WPI's place in the story of powered flight is just one of the 
more noteworthy outcomes of the university's historical emphasis on 
pteparing scientists and engineers who are well equipped to apply 
their classroom learning to change the world for the bettet. In the 
last issue of Transformations, we introduced you to a new marketing 
initiative that aims to make more people aware of the university's 
unique cuiriculum, its history of innovation, and its many contribu- 
tions to out society. 

The program continues to move forward; here are just a few 
recent developments. You can tead more about these initiatives at 
WPI's marketing Web site, 

• This fall, the second flight of WPI's broadcast ads went on the 
air in Greater Boston (TV) and Hartford and New Haven 
(radio). As you'll recall, we're targeting parents and high school 
teachers and guidance counselors — individuals who influence 
the college choices of prospective WPI students. The ads, 
which focus on WPI's history of innovation, quality of educa- 
tion, unique curriculum and well-rounded students, are 
designed to build awareness and name recognition for the uni- 

• When the annual "America's Best Colleges" issue of U.S. News 
& World Report was published in Septembet, 52,000 subscribers 
in the Boston Metro area (an area we are focusing on with our 
marketing program) found a three page "advertorial" on WPI 
in their copies. The article, which gave an overview of our dis- 
tinctive academic and research programs, was titled "Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute: A National Univetsity Like No Other." 

Ud Ahead 

• In October, the Board of Trustees endorsed our new visual 
identity system, which includes our new logo, as well as com- 
prehensive visual identity standards to assure that these impor- 
tant new WPI assets are used properly and consistently across 
all of our printed and electronic communications. 

• In May, we will present several outstanding Massachusetts high 
school teachers with the inaugural WPI Technological 
Humanist Award. The recipients (who must be nominated by 
their students) will be recognized for theit efforts to help stu- 
dents see that science and engineering are about more than 
numbets and formulas — that they are, in fact, tools for address- 
ing the wotld's important problems. The award is designed to 
build awareness among prospective students (as well as parents, 
teachers and guidance counselots) for the unique outcomes of 
our educational programs: well-rounded young men and 
women who understand the complex social environment in 
which scientists and engineers live and work. WPI has long 
called such individuals technological humanists. It's the same 
idea we've captured in our new positioning statement, "The 
University of Science and Technology. And Life." 

With these activities, the marketing program we launched under a 
year ago is building speed and climbing to new heights. While 
WPI's journey to increased recognition and national visibility is well 
under way, there is still a lot of ground to cover before we reach our 
destination. We're happy to have you along fot the flight, and we 
promise to keep you informed about the milestones we pass along 
the way. 

Michael W. Dorsey 


Jan. 18 Winter Social Event (Classes of 1 999-2002): Owen 

O'Leary's in Natick, 6 p.m. 

Jan. 27 Silicon Valley Reception: Hayes Mansion Conference 

Center, San Jose, 6:30-8:30 p.m. 

Jan. 29 Orange County Reception: Hilton Waterfront Beach 

Resort, Huntington Beach, 7-9 p.m. 

Jan. 30 Los Angeles Area Reception: Loew's Hotel, Santa 

Monica, 6-8 p.m. 

Feb. GOLD Pub Night: location and time to be determined 

Feb. 27 Worcester Consortium Event: Higgins Armory, 5-9 p.m. 

March 5 Silicon Valley Project Presentation Day: SRI 

International, Menlo Park, 4-8 p.m. 

March 29 Boston Area Alumni Event: Mamma Mia! at the 

Colonial Fheatre, Boston, 2 p.m. (reception at noon) 

April GOLD Pub Night: location and time to be determined 

April 7-11 A Real-world Approach to Doing Business in China: 

Hong Kong and Shanghai 

April 10 Traditions Day: WPI campus 

See the events calendar at 
for more details. 


A Journal of People and Change 


12 Winged Victory 

Aeronautical engineer Richard Whitcomb '43 developed some of 
the most important principles in high-speed flight. Now, he says, 
there's nothing left to discover. By Ray Bert '93 

1 8 On a Wing and a Fuel Cell 

Next year, while the world looks back 1 00 years to the start of 
the Air Age, Jim Dunn '67 hopes his electric airplane will get 
people thinking about aviation's next century. By Vicki Sanders 

20 Achieving Liftoff: A New Generation 

Unless the next crop of scientists and engineers includes more women 
and minorities, experts say America will lose its competitive edge. 
In this special report we examine the "pipeline problem" and find 
out how WPI is part of the solution. By Laurance S. Morrison 

28 The Magic in the Molecules 

From bandages that change color to flag an infection to badges 
that detect biotoxins, Mitch Sanders '88 is teaching proteins some 
extraordinarily useful tricks. By Joan Killough-Miller 

On the Coven Through a wide range of outreach 
programs, WPI helps young people, especially 
women and underrepresented minorities, know the 
exhilaration of moth and science. Experts agree that 
the key is reaching students in early childhood — at 
about the age of the girl on our cover — to provide 
them the opporlunty to become our future scientists, 
like Madeline Sola '04. (See "Achieving Liftoff," 
page 20.) 


4/5/6 Campus Buzz 

Sept. 1 1 remembered, the candidates debate, 
and more news from WPI 

6 Letters 

Reaction to our story on facial recognition 

7 A Few Words 

With Shelia Tobias, expert on mathematics and 
science education 

WPI opens its first project center in Africa 

9 Inside WPI 

How WPI is winning the competition for top faculty members 

10/11 Investigations 

Why do bacteria stick? How can IT work for business? 

32/33 Alumni Connections 

News from the Alumni Association; Homecoming recap 

34 Class Notes 

Catch up on news from your class and others 

48 Time Machine 

A story of ingenuity that transcends the generations 

On the Web 

The conversation doesn't end here. Be sure to check out the online edition of the Fall 2002 
Transformations, where you'll find extra features and links related to the stories in this issue. 
While you're online, send us your news, write a letter to the editor, or chat with fellow readers 
in the Transformations forum in the Alumni Cafe. 

Staff: Editors: Michael W. Dorsey and Vicki Sanders; Alumni News Editor: Joan Killough-Miller; 

Design Director: Michael J. Sherman; Design: Studio Z Design, Inc; Production Manager: Bonnie McCrea; 

Department Icons: Art Guy Studios. 

Alumni Communications Committee: Robert C. Labonte '54, chairman; Kimberly A. (Lemoi) Bowers '90, 
James S. Demetry '58, William J. Firla Jr. '60, William R. Grogan '46, Amy L. (Plack) Marr '96, 
Roger N. Perry Jr. '45, Harlan B. Williams '50. 

Transformations (ISSN 1538-5094), formerly the WPI Journal, is published four times a year in February, 
May, August and November for the WPI Alumni Association by the University Marketing Department. 
Printed in USA by Mercantile/Image Press. 

The University of 
Science and Technology. 
And Life., 

Diverse views presented in this magazine do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or official WPI policies. We welcome letters to the editor. Address correspondence to the Editor, 
Transformations, WPI, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609-2280. Phone: 508-831-6037; Fax: 508-831-5820; e-mail:; Web: 
Periodical postage paid at Worcester, Mass., and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: please send address changes to address above. Entire contents © 2002, Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 

WPI Remembers the Sept. 1 1 Attacks 

WPI observed the first 
anniversary of the Sept. 1 1 , 
2001 , terrorist attacks much the 
way it coped with the horrific 
events a year earlier — by 
gathering as a community to 
remember the victims and share 
personal thoughts and memories. 

In a morning ceremony of 
remembrance held by the 
flagpole near Alden Memorial, 
students, faculty, staff and alumni 
gathered to recall "a sad but 
meaningful day," in the words of 
Rev. Peter J. Scanlon, director of 
WPI's Collegiate Religious Center. 
Father Scanlon called upon those 
gathered to think about the many 
who died on Sept. 1 1 , including 
Leonard Taylor '79 of Reston, 
Va., who was aboard American 
Airlines Flight 77, which was 
crashed into the Pentagon. 

To the plaintive strains of 
"Amazing Grace" (played by 
a bagpiper and a drummer), a 
military color guard, a Worcester 
firefighter and a WPI police 
officer crossed Earle Bridge 
and raised the American flag 

to half mast. Then in a brief but 
powerful address, WPI President 
Edward Alton Parrish looked 
back on how the events of 
Sept. 1 1 had touched him and 
the WPI community. "I wi 
remember," he concluded, "not 
to take freedom for granted." 

Top, WPi gardener Robert Tupper listens 
observance. Bottom row, Campus Police 
of a procession that crossed Earle Bridge 
Beech Tree Circle. 

The community gathered again at 
noon in Harrington Auditorium to 
hear reflections and prayers from 
students, including represen- 
tatives of the Muslim Student 
Association, the International 
Student Association, the Indian 
Student Association and the 
Newman Club, and a keynote 

to remarks during WPI's Sept. 1 1 
Sergeant H. Jurgen Ring was part 
and raised the American flag on 

Mass Academy Marks 10th Anniversary 

The Massachusetts Academy of Mathematics and Science at WPI 
graduated its 10th class last May, bringing to nearly 400 the number 
of students who've received diplomas from the specialized public high 
school. The academy celebrated the milestone with awards to more 
than a dozen people who helped create the school. 

Receiving a special citation was former state senator Arthur Chase, 
whose support was instrumental in creating the academy. Chase was in 
office in 1992 when the Massachusetts Legislature founded the school 
to provide a unique learning environment for high school juniors and 
seniors with exceptional aptitude in math and science. 

Among the academy's many accomplishments, Principal Pauline 
Lamarche cites a dynamic, constantly evolving curriculum (most 
graduates go on to high-quality four-year colleges, and most stay 
in math and science), the school's growing acceptance at home 
(38 communities now send students to the Mass Academy), and its 
growing recognition nationally. 

This fall, enrollment reached a new peak, a milestone Lamarche 
attributes to the academy's growing reputation. She says the school is 

address by Lt. Col. Richard B. 
O'Connor, head of WPI's Military 
Science Department. Stationed at 
the Pentagon on Sept. 1 1 , 2001 , 
O'Connor was away from his 
office, which was in the path of 
the jetliner, when the attack 

Sunar is WPI's 1 5th 
CAREER Award Winner 

The Spring 2002 issue of 
Transformations made note of the 
extraordinary success WPI faculty 
members have had in garnering 
the National Science Foundation's 
coveted CAREER Award. In 

August, the 
ranks of 
winners grew 
by one, to 1 5, 
when Berk 
of electrical and computer 
engineering, earned the honor. 
The grant, which typically 
includes five years of funding 
for a major research project, 
recognizes young faculty 
members who show unusual 
promise as researchers and 
educators. Sunar received his 
award for a project titled "New 
Directions for Cryptographic 

Mass Academy director Bob Solvatelli and principal Pauline Lamarche 
welcomed the largest enrollment ever this foil. 

able to accommodate larger enrollments because of a growing number 
of visiting scholars, who complement the permanent faculty of four. 
What began as an initiative to rotate in practicing math and science 
teachers has evolved instead into a kind of on-the-job training program 
for professionals who want to change careers and teach. "We're 
helping put more math and science teachers into the field," she says. 

4 Transformations I /•'./// 2002 

TV, radio and print reporters, including Newscenter 5's Natalie Jacobsen, 
turned out in droves to cover the debate at WPI between gubernatorial 
candidates Shannon O'Brien and Mitt Romney. 

Going to the Candidates' Debate 

On Oct. 1 , WPI became the center of the Massachusetts political 
universe when it hosted a gubernatorial debate. The event drew not 
only the candidates, but thousands of their supporters, hundreds of 
guests, and a strong contingent of state, regional and national media. 

The debate was broadcast live on every Boston network affiliate, on 
New England Cable News and on many state radio stations. C-SPAN 
broadcast the debate later that evening, and WPI webcast the event. 
The debate was moderated by Judy Woodruff, prime anchor and 
senior correspondent at CNN, who also broadcast that day's edition of 

New Athletic Director Takes the Field 

Dana Harmon takes charge of a program with 21 varsity sports and many club 
and intramural sports, which engages nearly 70 percent of WPI students. 

Dana Leigh Harmon, WPI's new director of physical education, 
recreation and athletics, says she believes in the university's 
positioning statement, The University of Science and Technology. 
And Life. "Physical education, recreation and athletics fill in the 
'and life' part of the statement," she says. "It's about showing that 
our students are well-rounded, spectacular individuals — inside and 
outside the classroom." 

Harmon comes to WPI from Wellesley College, where she'd worked 
since 1 993, most recently as the associate director of athletics. She 
has a B.A. in business administration from Bellarmine University in 
Louisville, Ky., and a master's in sports management from the 
University of Massachusetts Amherst. 

She will oversee WPI's 21 varsity sports, intramural and club sport 
programs, and the health, wellness and recreation center. Nearly 70 
percent of WPI's 2,700 undergraduates participate in athletics. 

'There are many studies about the benefits of being physically active, 
going back to the old healthy-mind, healthy-body concept," Harmon 
says. "It's especially important today, with the academic pressures on 
our students, that we also take care of the physical side." 

CNN's popular political forum, 
inside Politics With Judy 
Woodruff, from the WPI campus. 
A 30-year veteran of broadcast 
journalism, Woodruff moderated 
several debates during the 2000 
presidential election. 

While Democratic candidate Shannon O'Brien and Republican 
candidate Mitt Romney fielded questions inside the Campus Center 
Odeum, their supporters and those of three other candidates 
(who were not invited by the debate's media sponsors to take part), 
demonstrated outside. 

"With education such a vital issue to the future of the Commonwealth, 
it was appropriate that this debate be held at an academic institution 
dedicated to preparing the next generation of engineers, scientists and 
technologists for leadership roles in the new economy," noted WPI 
President Edward Alton Parrish. 

WPI Mourns the Loss of Two Faculty Members 

The WPI community reeled this summer from the loss of two 
longtime members of its faculty. Patrick P. Dunn, professor of 
history in the Humanities and Arts Department, died on July 15, 
after a long illness. Denise W. Nicoletti associate professor of 
electrical and computer engineering, was killed in a car accident 
on July 22 while on her way to campus for the opening day of 
Camp REACH, a program for young girls that she co-founded. 

Patrick Dunn earned his bachelor's degree 
at Marquette University and his master's and 
Ph.D. at Duke University. He came to WPI in 
1 974 and received the Trustees' Award for 
Outstanding Teaching in 1 988. An authority 
on Russian history, he pioneered the use of 
psycho-history in his courses and research and 
helped launch a sister-city project between Worcester and Pushkin. 
His sense of social responsiblity led him to advise a series of 
projects on appropriate technology in developing countries. 

Denise Nicoletti, an authority on ultrasonics, 
nondestructive testing, scaling and fractal 
properties, joined the faculty in 1991 after 
earning her bachelor's, master's and doctoral 
degrees at Drexel University. She was the first 
tenured female faculty member in the Electrical 
and Computer Engineering Department. 
In 1 997, she helped launch Camp REACH, which she directed 
for 1 1 years (see page 27 for more on this program). 

Two funds have been established in Nicoletti's memory: 

• Camp REACH Fund, WPI, 1 00 Institute Road, Worcester, 
MA 01 609. 

• Nicoletti Children Scholarship Fund, c/o Bill Cole, UBS Paine 
Webber, 10 Chestnut Street, Suite 600, Worcester, MA 01608. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 5 

Bioengineering Institute Gets a Director 

WPI's efforts to establish a center 
for health care research and 
related economic development 
moved forward this summer with 
the arrival of Timothy R. Gerrity, 
the first director of the university's 
new Bioengineering Institute (BEI). 

Gerrity, who comes to WPI from 
Georgetown University School 
of Medicine, previously held 
positions with the U.S. 
Department of Veterans Affairs 
and the EPA, among other 
agencies and medical centers. 
He heads the four-center institute 
in Gateway Park, an industrial 
district near campus that is being 
redeveloped by a partnership 
that includes WPI and city and 
private developers. 

He says his role is to oversee the 
creation of new products and to 
support new biomedical business 
initiatives. 'The institute will serve 
as a bridge from the research lab 
to the advanced manufacturing 
sector," Gerrity says. "It provides 
a unique opportunity to 
integrate academic research 
with technology development 
and commercialization." 

BEI houses four centers, which 
conduct applied research 
in untethered health care, 
comparative neuroimaging, 
molecular engineering, and 
bioprocess and tissue 
engineering. It resembles the 
university's Metal Processing 
Institute (MPI), which has become 
one of the largest industry- 
university alliances in North 

As director of the Bioengineering 
Institute, Tim Gerrity says he will work 
to make the institute a bridge between 
the research lab and industry. 

Gerrity holds advanced degrees 
in physics from the University 
of Illinois at Chicago, where he 
also has served on the faculty. 
BEI differs from many other 
research-commercial models 
around the country because 
of its commitment to cultivating 
business partnerships to pursue 
applications of its research 
right from the start. 

"We're looking at this as a 
complete package," Gerrity says. 
"We're trying to line up all the 
pieces, with the idea that by 
doing so we will be able to 
generate interest early on from 
the private sector." 

The 55-acre Gateway Park is 
tailored to the growth that BEI 
anticipates. Gerrity envisions 
a cluster of bioengineering- 
related enterprises, including 
WPI's laboratories, company 
incubators, startups and small 
manufacturing firms. He expects 
the number of Ph.D. -level 
researchers and postdoctoral 
graduate students to number 
in the 60s within 10 years. 

To the Editor: 

I read with interest the article concerning Viisage Technology and 
its chairman, Denis Berube '65 ["More Than a Face in the Crowd," 
Spring 2002]. I have no doubt that Berube's management style, 
dedication and technological savvy all deserve close scrutiny and 
admiration. Where the article falls short, however, is in substantive 
evaluation of the product claims. 

A quick search with Google brings up some interesting hits, 
including a July 17, 2002, story in the Boston Globe ("'Face 
Testing' at Logan is found lacking"); a May 29, 2002, article on ("Glow Fades From Face-Recognition"); and a May 
30, 2002, article in the Boston Business Journal ("Fresno Airport 
drops Viisage facial ID system, officials say."). 

I also found the test reports at the Face Recognition Vendor Test site 
( of particular interest. The test reports 
are too long to describe here in detail, but the results are not 
as reassuring as they could be. Of particular concern is the 
disturbingly low probability of correct identification under varying 
light conditions and distance from the camera and the results of 
testing at various poses (angle between subject face and camera). 

I have no doubt that under tightly controlled conditions (facial 
recognition as a security authorization method in restricted facilities, 
a substitute for ATM identification, etc.), computerized facial 
recognition can be quite useful. But its ability to discern subjects 
under random conditions (crowds, varying lighting, varying angles, 
etc.) is still seriously lacking and does not merit its use as a 
significant too! in law enforcement. 

When reporting on such technologies, you owe your readers 
much more in terms of understanding the technology at hand, 
its suitability to task as claimed by its vendors, and its social 

Alon Harpaz '00 (MBA) 

Ashland, Mass. 

To the Editor: 

Re: the sidebar entitled "Security vs. Privacy" that accompanied 
the article on Viisage Technology in the Spring 2002 issue, I was 
taken aback by Denis Berube's Pollyannaish sidestepping of the 
privacy concerns raised by his company's fascinating and valuable 
technology. In asserting that "the system only looks for known 
threats to society," he ignores the system's ability to create 
databases of individuals on the fly and its owner's license to 
decide the nature of threats. 

(Continued on page 47) 

© Transformations I Full 2002 



Sheila Tobias 

Author; Consultant, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation 

An interview by Vicki Sanders 

In May, Sheila Tobias, author of Overcom- 
ing Math Anxiety, received an honorary 
doctorate from WPI in recognition of her 
groundbreaking research into biases that 
affect the way math and science are taught. 
For the past five years, she has been leading 
an initiative to develop new degree pro- 
grams that broaden the training and career 
choices of aspiring mathematicians, scien- 
tists and engineers. 

What is the critical question 
facing college math and 
science education today? 

We have to start by asking, why are there so 
few women in math and science? Then 
comes the more interesting question: Why 
are there so few students? This line of 
inquiry led me to a critical analysis of the 
presumptions of faculty as to who will do 
science and engineering and how does early 
talent manifest. As a result of bias or narrow 
thinking, a lot of people have been excluded 
from these fields or not encouraged to try 
them in the first place. The excluded 
include minorities and humanists who've 
been made to feel inadequate in science, 
engineering or math. 

Why is it important to be more 

It's a political imperative. The goal is to 
break the stranglehold of lawyers and 
finance people on the power sttucture of 
economics and politics and to open those 
areas to more varied types. In countries with 
which America needs to compete, leadership 
is more widely distributed among people 
with different backgrounds, including engi- 
neering and the sciences. You need diverse 
types of thinking to get creative results. 

What about math and science 
turns off college students? 

Huge introductory classes don't let them 
play with the sexy, exciting stuff. Worse, 
when students ask, "What do we do with 
this degree?" professors, who have spent 
their lives as researchers, give the wrong 
answer. They should say it's a fine liberal 
science foundation that will be welcome in 

medical, law or business school. But they 
don't because they view these courses as a 
first step toward a Ph.D. When 40 percent 
of the students leave, departments don't say 
(as Toyota would if it were losing that many 
customers), "What are we doing wrong?" 
Rather, they conclude that those exiting ate 
simply not suited. 

Why are you shaking up 
conventional beliefs? 

I'm trying to save science and math from 
themselves. If left to its own devices, the 
current research-oriented leadership would 
continue to define, narrowly, the curriculum 
and the types of jobs it wants to train stu- 
dents for. My background is history and 
political science. When we train 1,100 
majors, we expect only 1 percent to become 
research political scientists. Physicists want 
99 percent of their majors to be research 
physicists. We have to break that belief 
system down. 

What are the new degrees 
Sloan is sponsoring? 

They are called professional master's degrees 
in the sciences. Before, people thought of 
master's degrees as failed Ph.D.s or mini- 
Ph.D.s. These non-research-focused degrees 
prepare graduates to run big enterprises, 
universities, newspapers or government 
because they are problem- (not research-) 
oriented fot applications in business and 
industry. WPI is one of 30 schools offering 
these degrees (it has two, in industrial math- 
ematics and financial mathematics). 

What makes math and science 
hard for so many students? 

The subjects are vertical — one concept 
builds on another. If you miss something 
like division or fractions or a fundamental 
theorem of algebra, you're missing a key 
concept on which you cannot build. Science 
and math are difficult to teach well, even 
assuming faculty goodwill, because students 
have to move step by step rather obediently. 
For the lecturer, who has mastered the 
concepts, the procedures, quite as much 
as the answers, are "obvious." 

What about the notion that 
some people are born with 
the ability to do math? 

Math and science ate presumed to require a 
special quality of mind; you either have or 
don't have a "mathematical mind." I don't 
believe that. But as soon as young people 
hit difficult concepts in math and science, 
they may presume that if they can't do it 
today, they may never be able to. We don't 
give nearly enough attention to the benefits 
of hard work in these fields. We require 
hard work, but at the same time, philosoph- 
ically, educators denigrate it. Students who 
are having a rough time are invited to 
leave math and science, which is terribly 
damaging to the ego and to the country 
as a whole. 

How is WPI faring in 
addressing these issues? 

WPFs approach is compatible with my 
ideas. It is trying to invent a "liberal sci- 
ence" model. Students are encouraged to 
explore. From their first year, they work on 
team projects — they don't just sit in a chair 
taking notes. Their opportunities to work 
abroad are unique in the United States. At 
big state universities, by contrast, the goal is 
to keep science students in lockstep. They 
wonder, "How do you take students to 
Bangkok for seven weeks? They'd miss 
nuclear physics." The liberal perspective, 
the trust, and the opportunity to mix with 
different cultures on a team project at 
WPI are absolutely marvelous. 

Vicki Sanders, a free-lance writer and 
editor who lives in Brookline, Mass., is 
co-editor of this issue o/Transformations 

Transformations I Fall 2002 7 



By Carol Sonenklar 


WPI adds a 

new continent 

to its global 

project network. 

The Namibia Project Center 

exposes WPI students to new sights, 

a new culture, and a new way of 

looking at the world and its needs. 

WPI expanded its reach to a new continent 
this summer with the inauguration of a 
residential project center in Windhoek, 
Namibia, the first initiative to grow out 
of groundbreaking agreements WPI signed 
earlier this year with three African universi- 
ties: Kenyatta University in Nairobi, Fourah 
Bay College in Sierra Leone and the 
Polytechnic of Namibia. 

Management professor Arthur 
Gerstenfeld, who directs the Namibia 
Project Center with adjunct assistant profes- 
sor Creighton Peet, says its purpose is to 
make WPI students more socially aware and 
responsible in their use of technology as 
they help developing countries. "Students 
have an excellent opportunity to grow, and 
we're really doing something good," he says. 

"The students will have 
to think about applying 
appropriate technology 
rather than the best 
available technology." 

While the challenges on the African 
continent are technically simpler than those 
in the industrialized world, the infrastruc- 
tures and the population needs are quite dif- 
ferent from those of developed countries, 
notes Associate Provost William Durgin. 
"The students will have to think about 
applying appropriate technology rather than 
the best available technology," he says. 

Rebecca MacDonald, a senior, and 
Gabriel Cantor, a junior, launched the 
program with a project that focused on 
the problem of creating a vocational 
education for a technological work force 
in Namibia, a challenge for a country still 
struggling with the legacy of apartheid. 

"Unemployment in Namibia is over 
50 percent," says Gerstenfeld, who along 
with his wife, Professor Susan Vernon- 
Gerstcnfeld, initiated the African agree- 
ments and accompanied the students on 
their journey. "The students' work was 
funded by a grant from the U.S. Agency 
for International Development, which rated 
the education problem as one of its highest 

The students interviewed educators, 
administrators, teachers and students in 
Windhoek, the country's largest city, and in 
the surrounding countryside, and discovered 
vast differences. "Our research and model- 
ing demonstrated that the education base 
was not equal," says MacDonald. "Due to 
higher taxes in wealthier areas, the schools 
did not have equal facilities or services. We 
showed that the government needs to bring 
everyone up to the same level." 

As interesting as her research was, 
MacDonald says she learned lessons beyond 
the scope of her project. She found, for 
example, that Namibia, a former German 
colony located on the northern border of 
South Africa, did not easily fit into her pre- 
conceived notions. "Windhoek was much 
more developed than I'd thought it would 
be," she says. "There were Internet cafe's, the 
food was good, and the water was safe to 
drink. However, the rural areas were incredi- 
bly poor." 

MacDonald says she also learned 
lessons about her own country. Since the 
majority of power and money in Namibia 
is still in the hands of white farmers and 
ranchers who employ blacks only as work- 
ers, she initially thought that Namibia and 
America differed greatly on race issues. "But 
then I thought about where I grew up in the 
subutbs of Albany, N.Y. My high school was 
almost all white, while the inner-city schools 
were almost all black. It was not very differ- 
ent from the situation in Namibia," she 
reflected. "That really opened my eyes." 

MacDonald and Cantor paved the way 
for six project teams (each with three WPI 
students and one student from Namibia 
Polytechnic) who will complete projects in 
Africa next spring. "Our students will be 
helping modernize systems," explains 
Vernon-Gcrstenfeld. "Some of the projects 
we have planned include creating ways of 
improving the fishing industry, determining 
which tvpes nl energj are most effective, 
and helping municipalities deliver water 
more efficiently." 

Sonenklar is ,1 free-lance writer biisril in 
State College, Pa. 

8 Transformation! \ Fall 2002 


Winning Hie 
Talent Wars 

By Carol Hildebrand 

scholars have traditionally gone to the 
MITs and Cornells of the world. But with 
its dual mission of preparing students for 
life- and' gjving them a stellar technology 
education, 'WPI is cornpeting favorably 

■ .i 1 ■ r .1 . 'wl •A.fcV T- 

i'es fdr,Jop-'notch faculty. ' 

V '•, This records; reflected ^WPI's success 
!' y' >;in Winning CAREER awdrds-r^the - >"^.-' 

jiiumui oi_ieiu_e luuiiuuuun;;) iMU3i 

estigidus'research honor for young 
faculty members: about two per year 
since 1 996; three this year. "That's ah 
extraordinary record for a school our 
size," says John F. Carney III, WPI's . 
provost and vice president for academic 

"I wanted the challenge of teaching 
and advising, as well as research. 

"'" halance." 

rney has hired 92 new faculty 
mbers — about 1 4 per academic 
year — since he arrived in 1 996. This 
yetar's 1 8 new hires include Stephen 
LJMatson, the first Francis Manning 
air in Chemical Engineering. Matson's 
tinguished career as an engineer and 
ntrepreneur includes election to the 
National Academy of Engineering. 

His groundbreaking research in 
membrane reactors served as the 
technical foundation for Sepracor Inc., 
which he co-founded in 1 984. The 
company was among the first to put 
such research to commercial use. 

"I wasn't interested in working at a 
large, traditional research university," 
Matson says. "At WPI, I can do woi 
class research, but with the focus or 
project-based education, there's an 
Dpportunity to do more. I wanted the 
challenge of teaching and advising, as 
well as research. WPI has that balance." 

Investigations „ ow , 

V P. pulida KT2442 in Water 

\^ P. pulido KT2442 in Water 
k \^ » Treated with Cellulose 

3 100 200 300 
Distance (nm) 



Camesano's work suggests that polysac- 
charides, or sugars, on the surfaces of 
bacteria such as those pictured here account for 
the repulsive and attractive forces that 
determine the "stickiness" of microbes. Recent 
work has helped pinpoint the particular sugars 
involved. The graph shows the repulsive forces 
exerted by Pseudomonas puiida KT2442 on the 
stylus of the atomic force microscope. Using 
control cells (red line) and microbes treated 
with on enzyme that degrades the sugar 
cellulose (blue line), the results suggest that 
cellulose plays an important role determining 
whether bacteria stick. 

Exploring a Sticky Subject 

All bacteria, whether good or bad, have something in common: they often stick where 
they're not supposed to. Terri Camesano, assistant professor of chemical engineering at 
WPI, is hoping to learn why — or at least how. 

Bacterial adhesion can sometimes get in the way when scientists try to use bacteria as 
tools, for example, to clean up dirty groundwater. When bacteria known to degrade toxins 
are introduced into soil, they often latch onto soil particles, rather than travel with the 

When disease-causing microorganisms stick to biomedical devices, like 
catheters or contact lenses, they can produce a pathogenic biofilm that can cause 
infections nearly impossible to tteat with antibiotics. 

Camesano says the key to bacterial stickiness may lie in the polysaccharides, 
or large sugars, found on a bacterium's outer membrane. To find out how these 
sugars behave on a molecular scale, she and her students place bacteria under an 
atomic force microscope (AFM). With an extraordinarily small stylus attached to 
a cantilevered arm, the AFM can detect individual molecules as the probe moves 
slowly across the surface of a material. It can also be employed as a gauge to 
measure infinitesimally small forces — such as the force of a bacterium clinging 
to a surface. 

By measuring how difficult it is to pull the tip of the AFM stylus away 
from a bacterium, Camesano can determine the strength of the forces that indi- 
vidual polysaccharide molecules and other bacterial polymers exert on surfaces, 
as well as the.size, shape, elasticity and flexibility of these molecules. 

Camesano says the measurements suggest that bacterial surfaces have both 
flexible and rigid polymers, each with different adhesion qualities. "The rigid 
polymers stick out like straight rods," she says, "producing a repulsive force that 
prevents the bacterium from attaching. The flexible, coiled polymers can form 
a bridge that links the bacterium to a surface. We believe it is the ratio between 
these two kinds of molecules that determines whether or not a bacterium sticks." 

By better understanding this critical ratio, Camesano says it should be 
possible to develop new materials that can either promote ot reduce bacterial 
adhesion, depending on the application, or to engineer bacteria with the 
desired degree of stickiness. 

"Studying bacterial surfaces at the nanometer level has implications for 
other applications, as well," Camesano says. "For example, we are working to develop 
a food safety biosensor that could distinguish between E. coli and Salmonella, common 
food-borne pathogens. A sensor like this might also be useful in detecting the presence 
of biological agents intentionally released into the environment, for example, through 
an act of bioterrorism." 

10 Transformation! i Fall 2002 

Photography by Patrick O'Connor 

Banking on the Impact of IT 

Efficient IT 
Strategy Frontier 


W\ B!e Bit 

Information technology has been used extensively in nearly every industry to improve 
performance and productivity. But despite its widespread use, there are still relatively few 
ways to precisely quantify the benefits of computer technology versus the cost of 
installing and regularly upgrading it. 

Joe Zhu, assistant professor of management, is developing new tools for this 
important task. Typically, management researchers use benchmarks 10 measure the 
impact of technology on performance, but benchmarks are limited since they can 
characterize just one performance measure — such as profits — at a time. In reality, 
performance is multifaceted, involving multiple factors that interact in complicated 
ways, Zhu notes. 

To address this need, Zhu is developing a new multidimensional benchmarkin 
methodology that takes a variety of performance measures into consideration. 
The methodology can help organizations better understand the real impact of their 
IT investments. 

Zhu is using the methodology to help banks determine how their investments 
in IT affect productivity and profitability. Sevetal years ago, with funding from the 
Natural Sciences and Engineering 
Research Council of Canada, he 
worked with the Canadian 
Imperial Bank of Commerce to 
compare the efficiency of branches 
that had received no technological 
upgrades with those that were 
being reengineered with new tech- 
nologies for automating business 
transactions and work flow. 

Using a set of custom- 
designed benchmarking tools, he 
examined the impacts of such 
innovations as ATMs and Internet 

and telephone banking services, and evaluated the overall impact of e-business on produc- 
tivity at the branches. The tools were able to simultaneously consider multiple quantitative 
measures (including number of tellers and ATM transactions at each branch) and qualitative 
measures (such as teller productivity) and analyze the tradeoffs of each factor against the 
othets. This benchmarking study gave the bank a more comprehensive, global understanding 
of the real impact on productivity of e-business technology versus traditional branch services. 

With his benchmarking technique, Zhu is studying a number of other areas of 
technology management, including the performance of supply chains. While supply-chain 
management has been proven effective in providing prompt and reliable delivery of 
high-quality products and services at the lowest possible cost, there is currently no 
sophisticated performance measurement tool that looks at the entire supply chain or 
"buyer-seller" netwotk. 

Zhu, whose book on quantitative models for the evaluation of business operations 
was recently published by Kluwer Academic Publishers, is developing models that will 
measure the performance from one end of the supply chain to the other by taking into 
consideration the collaborations and conflicts that naturally occur as each member of the 
chain attempts to make the highest profit possible. 

M Microsoft excel - IT 

Mew Insert Fo/mat Ioote 
Q | & §1 g - m =«= ^. •r. 

Data window Help 

IT Investment 



Bank branch 

IT budget emr. 






js Fixed assets Deposil 

GED Envelopment Model 


Myrjpier Mode) 
^ Slack-based Mode) 
^ Measure Specific Model 

|£- Ncn-Radjat Model 
O Preference-Structure Model 
^ Undesirable-Measure Model 

Context-Dependent DEA 


Qfc Variable-Benchmark Model 

Rxed-Benohmark Model 
Minimum Efficiency Model 
Value Chan 

The tools that Zhu 
has developed to 
enable businesses 
to evaluate the 
effectiveness of their 

investments in information technology include 
an add-in for Microsoft Excel based on a 
methodology called data envelopment analysis 
This tool includes a variety of benchmarking 
functions that help managers evaluate the 
tradeoffs and relationships among various 
performance measures. For example, the 
software can help managers search for IT 
investment strategies that produce the best 
tradeoffs between IT budgets and number 
of staff (51 , S2 and S3 in the graph), and 
also correct inefficient strategies (S4). 


r ma t ions 

I Fall 2002 1 1 

Meet Richard Whitcomb '43, the man who fought the enemy drag and won. 

Through intuition and endless hours in the transonic wind tunnel at Langley 

Research Center, Whitcomb developed a host of groundbreaking discoveries in 

aeronautics, including one that made supersonic flight practical. 

By Ray Bert '93 

It's a hot summer day, and Richard Whitcomb '43 
has nearly finished a lengthy recitation of the high- 
lights of his illustrious 40-year career as an aeronautical scien- 
tist. It's then that the man who helped usher in the era of 
supersonic flight drops a bombshell: "For about the last 10 
years," he says, "when people have asked me what they should 
get into, I've told them not to go into aeronautics if they want 
to have an impact. It's mature now. I've been gone 20 years, 
and nothing new has come up. If I were to start today, I'd go 
into the life sciences — that's where the big stuff is happening." 

As the 81 -year-old Whitcomb utters this seeming heresy, 
his voice goes gravelly with emphasis, and you can feel his 
excitement over the boundaries now being pushed in another 
field. But you also sense that he's done enough boundary push- 
ing of his own. There's no tone of regret, no wistfulness for 
bygone days, no longing to start all over again. He's satisfied 
with what he's accomplished, and comfortable with what he's 
working on now, which, if you're curious, boils down to one 
thing: "Staying alive." Whitcomb, a pioneer of modern flight 
design, is just keeping the nose up, as it were. 

Merely staying alive is a long way from the lofty ambitions 
of Whitcomb's early career. The desire to have an impact on 
the world is what drove him, and it is still difficult for him to 
understand those who lack that same ambition. "Most people 
in this world don't give a damn about making any contribu- 
tion," he says. "They just want to do their assigned jobs and be 
promoted to the highest level they can." 

Of course, not everyone has the gifts that Whitcomb pos- 
sesses, including a creative mind that works best when it is 
working intuitively. "I visualize in my mind what the air is 
doing," he says. Rather than beginning with equations or with 
computer models, he guided his wind tunnel experiments by 
intuition — mathematics served to prove what he had seen, 
both in his mind's eye and in the tunnel, rather than suggest 
what he should do. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 


Whitcomb's other gift, just as instrumental to his success, 
is his tremendous drive, which gave him the desire to find solu- 
tions and the will to work hour after hour, year after year, to 
make them reality. His motto, which he's fond of repeating, is 
"There must be a better way to do this!" 

That instinct showed up early. Born in Evanston, 111., in 
1921, Whitcomb spent his teen years in Worcester after the 
family moved there. Not surprisingly, his main hobby then was 
aeronautics. The young Whitcomb was an inveterate builder 
and flyer of rubber-band-powered model airplanes, driven to 
make them better to win competitions. But the hobby was 
more than child's play as he learned much about the physics of 
flight and waged his first battles against his lifelong nemesis: 
aerodynamic drag. "Once the rubber band had done its work, 
the propeller was just a draggy hindrance," he says, so he devel- 
oped a way for the propeller blades to fold out of the way. "Of 
course, the advantage only lasted about a month, because 
everyone followed my lead," he adds with a smile. 

Whitcomb received a scholarship to attend WPI, and with 
the school so close and money tight, he commuted. He con- 
fesses to being "not really a joiner." He spent a lot of his time 
on campus in the school's wind tunnel. This was, of course, the 
pre-Plan WPI, and though Whitcomb did well — he graduated 
with high distinction — he admits to occasional chafing at the 
structured environment. "One time in the machine design 
course I tried to do something original and got a D for it," he 
says, still a little indignant. 

But even the World War II-era WPI offered him opportu- 
nities to flex his creative muscles. Trying to come up with ideas 
that would help win the war, Whitcomb, for his senior project, 
worked on developing a controlled bomb — a huge innovation 
at a time when bombs were still dropped with no guidance. 
Shortly after graduation, he landed a job at the National 
Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' (NACA) Langley 
Research Center (which became part of the newly created 
NASA in 1958). His first assignment: a controlled bomb that 
had progressed to the testing stage. "So I got scooped," he says. 
"But at least I was working on the right thing — and I was just 
a college kid!" 

Whitcomb arrived at the Langley Research Center 

at a perfect time for someone with his skills and a desire to 
"have an impact." NACA was ramping up its work in support 
of the war effort. "I was given an ideal opportunity," he says. 
"I was assigned to a subsonic wind tunnel, which very shortly 
after I got there was converted to a transonic tunnel. So there I 
was, with my tool and my ideas. 1 lucked into the whole thing! 
I was the right man at the right time." 

It was the right time because by the late 1940s and early 
1950s, the sound barrier had become a major impediment to 
the advancement of high-speed flight. At speeds approaching 
that of sound, shock waves form on the upper surface of a 

At the blackboard in the 1950s, Whitcomb sketches out the 
principle behind his Transonic Area Rule, which cut drag by 
reducing variations in a plane's total cross-sectional area. 

wing, leading to steep increases in drag, and the resulting tur- 
bulence caused many plane crashes even as designers tried to 
overcome the problem. Though Chuck Yeager broke the sound 
barrier in 1947, he did so in a vehicle that was more rocket 
than plane. Practical supersonic flight — and efficient near-sonic 
flight — remained elusive. 

The Area Rule changed all that. As with all ot his major 
discoveries (see page 16), Whitcomb conceived ot the Iran- 
sonic Area Rule based on high-speed aerodynamic principles 
learned in lectures and courses at Langley, and from the results 
of his air-flow studies. The rule greatly decreased the drag 
penalties associated with flight at speeds above 500 mph. 1 .iter. 
Whitcomb's design tor a "supercritical' 1 wing advanced the state 
ot the art even further, and his winglets — though slow to be 
adopted by a somewhat intransigent airline industry — giv.ulv 
improved aerodynamic cflkiciK\. Whiuomh's liist great dis- 
cover)' reverberated through the industry. I lis later innovations 
did likewise, cementing his reputation. Ami behind all ol them 
was Whitcomb's intuitive mind. 

14 1 1 ,i a , fo r hi .i tioni I /•",/ / / 2002 

The effect of the Area Rule can be seen in the pinched-waist fuselages of many 
jet aircraft, including the Republic F-105 Thunderchief. This fighter-bomber 
entered service in 1958 and saw extensive action in Vietnam. 

Like many creative people, he has difficulty explaining 
his thought process in detail. Some have suggested that 
Whitcomb is something of an artist — in part because he can 
"see" something that is not really visible to the naked eye. 
Whitcomb dismisses that notion. "It's not artistic, although 
I like to make things look right," he says. "\\ ] § JntuitiV6. 

I didn't run a lot of tests to arrive at an 
idea. And I didn't run a lot of mathe- 
matical Calculations. Id just sit there and think 
about what the air was doing, based on flow studies in the 
wind tunnel." 

Whitcomb didn't just outthink most of his peers; he out- 
worked them. Many iterations of his wind tunnel test models 
were achieved painstakingly by his own hand, using files and 
other sculpting tools to make the airfoils match his vision, 
and he kept a cot at the lab to accommodate his frequent 
double shifts. "The way I do things, I had to be there after I 
got a set of results to decide what I'd do next. I couldn't just 

come in the next morning," he says, 
because he couldn't bear for the tunnel 
to be idle. 

His dedication to his work always 
came first. Though Whitcomb says he 
dated quite a bit when he was younger, 
he never married. "One thing I learned: 
women demand attention. And when 
that happened I'd leave, because the 
most important thing in my life was 
doing research. I love women, but not 
as much as I loved working at the lab." 
Whitcomb did, however, have a com- 
panion later in life. Barbara Durling, a 
NASA mathematician and his girlfriend 
of 25 years, died just last yeat. They had 
hit it off in part because she was simi- 
larly dedicated to her work, and because 
they shated an intetest in the arts, which 
included serving on the board of a 
local theatre. 

Toward the end of his career, 

Whitcomb was asked who was going 
to take his place. He replied that every- 
one he trained eventually left for the 
better paychecks that industry offered. 
"You can't keep them when they're 
good," he says. 

Except for Whitcomb, of course. 
He made it clear to his boss — Latry 
Loftin, chief of aerodynamic research 
at the lab — what kept him there. 
"Every time I'd get anothet job offer," Whitcomb says, 
relishing the memory, "I'd go to him and say, 'Can I still 
do anything I want?' And he'd say, 'Yes,' and I'd turn down 
the offer. You couldn't do that in industry." 

By 1980, Whitcomb was still allowed to do whatever he 
wanted, but his superiors began to dictate what work would 
be done in the tunnel. The next logical tesearch step was to 
reduce drag by inducing laminar flow in airfoil boundary 
layers. But he dismissed as "totally impractical" the way 
another researcher was trying to go about it — for example, 
using razor-thin trailing edges that were extremely difficult 
to produce and maintain in a laboratoty, let alone on the 
manufacturing floor. 

"The powers that be decided to run his test on my 
tunnel," he says, then catches himself. "Well, not my tunnel, 
but that's what everyone called it, 'Whitcomb's tunnel.' I said, 
'OK, but as soon as you put it in, I'm gone.'" And just like 

that, he retired at the age of 59. , ,-., 

(Continued on page I /] 

Transformations I Fall 2002 15 

Three ideas that worked.. 

Transonic Area Rule 

The rule states that the drag caused by the shock wave 
produced by an airplane traveling near the speed of 
sound is due to the longitudinal variation of the normal 
cross-sectional area of the total airplane. By indenting 
the fuselage in the area of the wings, thereby reducing 
the cross-sectional area locally and making the variation 
smoother along the plane's length, shockwaves and drag 
levels at near-sonic speeds are substantially reduced. 

Conventional cross section 

111 ill 

Cross section with Area Rule 

Supercritical Wing 

The shape of Whitcomb's supercritical wing — downward 
sloping near the trailing edge, with an almost flat top 
surface — seemed at the time a near inversion of a 
"proper" transonic airfoil, but it resulted in improved 
flight efficiency at high subsonic speeds. The shape was 
honed through endless hours of wind tunnel testing, 
and manual shaping and filing by Whitcomb himself. 
The shape is designed to delay the onset of shock waves 
and the loss of lift that occurs when air passing over the 
upper surface of the wing goes supersonic. Whitcomb's 
wing design enables many airliners and business jets to 
either fly close to the speed of sound or realize substantial 
fuel savings. 

Conventional airfoil 

Supersonic flow causes 
strong shock wave 

Boundary layer 
separates From airfoil 


Supercritical airfoil 


••••••••••• Shock wave is weaker 

::;: and onset is delayed 

Boundary layer 
!•**!••*••!•"! does not separate 


Whitcomb's most noticeable-to-the-layman idea is winglets. 
It had been common knowledge for years that a protrusion 
added to a wing's tip should reduce the drag, but the results 
obtained experimentally had been much less than expected. 
Whitcomb developed the optimal shape: the now-familiar 
vertical fin, which can reduce overall drag by as much 
as 8 percent. 

...and one that didn't 

Reversing Entropy 

During the energy crisis in the early 1 970s, Whitcomb began 
working — on his own time, at home — on a new way to produce 
energy. Diving headlong into what was, for him, a mostly foreign 
field, he hoped to use quantum theory to see if the second law of 
thermodynamics — that entropy always increases — could be reversed. 
The second law has never been fully proved, though everything 
we know about the universe seems to conform to it. So Whitcomb got 

to thinking, "If it can't be proved, maybe it's not right." He readily 
admits that such theoretical work is not his forte, and he got bogged 
down and eventually gave up after more than 10 years of trying. "I 
almost had a nervous breakdown," he says. However, there's no hint 
that Whitcomb regrets those years of effort that ultimately bore no fruit. 
"My approach didn't work," he says matter-of-factly, "but there are lots 
of other things that might." 

16 Transformations I Fall 2002 

(Continued from page 1 5) 

Though the disagreement figured prominently in his 
decision to quit, as did his near-fanatical pursuit on his own 
time of a radical new way to produce energy based on quan- 
tum theory, Whitcomb allows that there was also a more 
fundamental — and more practical — reason for leaving Langley: 
"I couldn't think of anything else to do in aeronautics!" 

Whitcomb is, above all, a man dedicated to practicality. 
He disdains ideas that stand no chance of actually being 

implemented. "| had no interest whatsoever 
in working on a technical problem if it 
wasn't going to be applied," he says. 
"The supersonic transport is a prime 
example of that." 

In the early 1960s, there was a tremendous push to 
revolutionize air travel by going supersonic. But after working 
on the problem for two years, Whitcomb abandoned the effort 
to others when industry estimates showed that the costs were 
going to be much higher than for subsonic travel. "Someone 
asked me, 'Are you against progress?'" Whitcomb says. "This is 
not progress" was his reply. 

For Whitcomb, whose work has won him numerous hon- 
ors, including the Collier Trophy, aviation's highest award, and 
an honorary doctorate from WPI, being practical meant get- 
tins out of aeronautics when he ran out of new ideas. And 
where once he took pride in outworking his colleagues, today 
he is content — and determined — to outlive others. "People 
around me are dying all over the place — my girlfriend, my 
brother, a whole slew of friends. But not me." Trim and still 
vigorous and animated, Whitcomb walks three miles every 
other day and watches his diet carefully. 

He reads voraciously — more than a dozen magazines, all 
on technical subjects. He also enjoys books on history, in par- 
ticular those on Lewis and Clark, whom he describes as heroes 
of his. "But not aeronautics!" he says emphatically, though he 
does keep up with the goings-on at his old lab. 

"The guys at Langley now are trying desperately to come 
up with something new, and they can't. Because I put enough 
effort into my ideas to know that they are going to be hard to 
improve upon," Whitcomb says, and immediately breaks into 
a wide grin at his own audacity. "Now that is arrogance of the 
first order, and I'm not saying that nobody is ever going to do 
anything good, but for certain things [like the supercritical 
airfoil], it's true." 

It's that stagnation that makes genetics more interesting to 
him than aeronautics these days. In the recent explosion of 
biotechnology, he is reminded of the heyday of aeronautics 
during the last century. 

"Man is going to change man," he says. "Maybe not for 
another hundred years, but instead of letting nature define 
man, man is going to define himself." 

Asked where he stands on the ethical implications of 
genetics work, Whitcomb, an agnostic, explains: "I totally agree 

that we should not try to clone a human being, because we 
don't know enough about it yet. What we need right now 
more than anything else in this world is birth control! 
Man must try to control himself, and controlling the 
population is the first step." 

Yet Whitcomb feels that over many years, people will 
gradually come to accept "that we should play around with 
the whole genetic nature of human beings." 

Perhaps when we understand our genetic coding better, 
we may be able to determine what makes a mind like 
Whitcomb's tick. 

Hanging on the wall of Whitcomb's modest 
apartment in Hampton, Va., is a picture that he calls "the 
most important photograph that's evet been taken": a shot of 
the Earth taken from the Moon. "Right after that we started 
worrying about the environment," he explains, "because 
we could see that we live on an island in the middle of 
empty space." 

Whitcomb's environmentalist bent shows up in various 
ways. During the latter part of his career he worked (unsuc- 
cessfully, it turned out) to develop an alternative source of 
energy. Environmentalism also informed his current choice 
of automobile. "They keep finding oil, but the production 
curve is on the downslope now — it's going to disappear," he 
. says. "But people still want to buy their SUVs and get 12 miles 
to the gallon. So I did my little bit for fuel consumption: 
I bought myself a Honda Insight" [one of the gas/electric 
hybrids that has entered the market over the last few years] . 
Whitcomb says he loves the gas mileage, but he ticks off a 
laundry list of ride, noise and design problems. "All the good 
engineers worked on the hybrid engine, not on the rest of the 
car," he says with a laugh. 

Beyond his stacks of magazines, the other obvious 
feature of Whitcomb's apartment is the collection of artwork, 
furniture and lamps with flowing, curving shapes. "It's just 
what catches my eye," he says. Even a relatively simple seashore 
painting features reeds bent by the ocean breeze, becoming 
gracefully arcing shapes stretching across the canvas. 

On entering the apartment, you're likely to be greeted by 
the sound of classical music. Though he has a good collection 
of compact discs, Whitcomb generally prefers to tune to a 
radio station that plays nothing but classical. "I don't like Bach 
or Haydn," he says. "It's only when you get up to the period 
with Mozart and Beethoven that I like it. Take Haydn, for 
example... it's too jerky! Mozart is less so. And finally with 
Beethoven, it's all smoothed out." 

You suspect that soon after you leave, the music will be 
back on, and the sound of Beethoven — or something else 
smooth, laminar — will fill the apartment. And as always, 
Whitcomb will have done his best to eliminate turbulence. D 

Ray Bert, a free-lance writer in Alexandria, Va., writes regularly 
for Transformations. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 17 

A century after the Wright brothers first achieved 

the airplane a new trie. 

By Vicki Sanders 

i, the all-carbon DynAero Lafayette III 
is a lightweight among airplanes, but it's about to carry aloft a 
weighty dream. Soon the plane will take a ciitical step toward 
becoming the first piloted plane to be powered by fuel cells. 
The event will be an impottant milestone in the yearlong 
celebration of the 1 00th anniversary of the Wright brothers' 
first flight (see box, next page). 

"One reason we're doing this is that everyone thought it 
would be impossible," says James P. Dunn '67, president of 
Advanced Technology Products Inc. (ATP) of Worcester, the 
cotpotate entity behind the plane, and executive director of the 
Foundation for Advancing Science and Technology Education 
(FASTec), the project's nonprofit arm. The alternative energy 
expert and experimental pilot is also the chief executive officer 
of the Center for Technology Commercialization, his "day job." 

A tall, energetic man who loves a good challenge ("Who'd 
want one of those?" his detractors asked in 1981 when he 
invented the first battery-powered laptop computer), Dunn has 
used his powers of persuasion to engage a number of partners 
in the creation of the e-plane. They include YXTI's Fuel Cell 
( lenter, NASA, American Chiles Aircraft Inc., Ginei 
Electrochemical Systems, Analytic Energy, Lithium Technology 
Corp., Diamond Aircraft and W.I.. Core cv Associates, Inc., 

propel the plane 
into aviation history. 
From left are WPI's 
Bill Durgin, test pilot 
Hoot Gibson and 
Jim Dunn. 

along with a band of mote than 100 volunteer professionals, 
WPI alumni and aviation enthusiasts. WPI students working 
on their required projects are also participating. 

Dunn is developing the plane in three phases: 

• The first flight, in the spring of 2003, will be powered 
by lithium ion batteties. 

• In Phase II, the batteries will be augmented bv a 1 5- to 
25-kw proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell, which 
will extend the range from about 100 miles to over 250 
miles. After several demonstration flights, the plane will 
appear at the Wright brothers' centennial celebration. 

• By 2004, in lime for a competitive race with a lucl-ccll- 
powered plane being developed by Boeing, Dunn expects 

to llv the DvnAcro for 500 miles in cruise mode with just 
a 25- to 75-kw fuel cell. 

Recent advances in fuel tell technology, the development 
nt lighter and more powerful electric motors, and ik« lithium- 

18 Transformation! I Fall J on.' 

md a Fuel Cell 

ion batteries that are six times more pow- 
erful per pound than lead-cell batteries, 
are among the reasons the e-plane is 
viable today, Dunn says. Another is the 
growing demand for sustainable energy. 

Fuel cells are sustainable and essen- 
tially emission-free, but also expensive, 
requiring platinum and other precious 
metals to build. On a per-kilowatt basis, 
Dunn calculates, fuel cells cost 1 to 50 
times as much as internal combustion 
engines, one reason it may be another 
decade before the cells are commonly 
used in general aviation aircraft (even 
longer for commercial planes). 

The more immediate concerns for 
ATP's e-plane — and this is where WPI's 
Fuel Cell Center comes in — are how to 
provide a fuel cell sized to the plane's 
requirements and how to generate and 
store the hydrogen. Earlier this year, ATP 
received a $100,000 NASA grant, 
$10,000 of which went to the Fuel Cell 
Center to investigate these issues. 

Hydrogen is customarily stored 
under pressure in metal bottles or at low 
temperatures in Dewar flasks. For space 
and weight reasons, neither setup is 
workable in a small aircraft, so the WPI 
researchers are looking for ways to pro- 
duce hydrogen on board. One option is 
to start with liquid hydrocarbons, which 
can be reformed into hydrogen during 
flight. Another possibility is to break 
down ammonia, which has three hydro- 
gen atoms per molecule. 

The project is important to WPI 
because it engages students in leading- 
edge research, says Associate Provost William W. Durgin. 
"Fuel cells have been around for a long time, but nobody has 
tried this application before. It's very challenging." 

Despite an airport security clampdown after Sept. 11, 
2001, that prevented his crew from entering the planes 
hangar for several months, setting the project back, Dunn 
remains enthusiastic and has continued to attract backers 
who've donated everything from the aircraft itself to fuel cell 
analysis to batteries. He says he still needs at least $500,000 


Help Us Cover a Special Year 

With this issue, Transformations begins a 
year of coverage of WPI's involvement in the 
past, present and future of powered flight. 
The series will culminate with next fall's 
issue, in time for the 100th anniversary of 
the Wright brothers' first flight on Dec. 17. 
We plan to write about alumni, faculty and 
students who've made — and are making — 
important contributions to aviation, aero- 
nautics, spaceflight and related fields. 

We invite readers to suggest story ideas. 
Do you know alumni whose accomplish- 
ments should be highlighted? Are you 
involved in work in a flight-related field that 
may be of interest to our readers? Send a 
message to or visit and look 
for the special item on this series. You may 
also write or call us using the contact infor- 
mation on page 3. 

WPI is looking into hosting one or more 
special events tied to the Wright brothers' 
anniversary. Would you like to attend a 
celebration of WPI achievements in flight? 
Would you be interested in symposiums on 
topics related to aviation and spaceflight? 
Are you a pilot who may want to participate 
in a fly-in? Please let us know. 

to complete the project. 

As word of the e-plane has spread, 
the project has won the respect of a 
widening circle. In September, Aviation 
Week bestowed on ATP its Outstanding 
Technical Innovation Award. The three 
volunteer test pilots are aerospace heavy- 
weights. International air racer Robert 
"Hoot" Gibson, the first American astro- 
naut on the Mir space station and for- 
mer head of the Navy's "Top Gun" 
school, is the chief test pilot. He is 
joined by aerobatics champion and for- 
mer Naval aviator Wayne Handley and 
Formula One air racer and Exxon Flying 
Tiger pilot Bruce Bohannon. 

Scientific American reports that "the 
connections Dunn has made for system 
and component elements within the fuel 
cell industry represent as much of a 
Who's Who as his test pilots. Also on 
the team are Paul MacCready, CEO of 
AeroVironment Corp., the company 
developing the Helios unpiloted flying 
wing, and Jay Carter Jr., developer of the 
revolutionary CarterCopter gyroplane." 
For Dunn, who washed and waxed 
planes at the Worcester airport during 
his student years at WPI to earn flying 
time, loyalties run deep. He is a co- 
founder of the WPI Venture Forum. 
His alumni colleagues at ATP include 
Peter T Launie '01, who tackled the 
problem of how much weight, including 
batteries and fuel cells, the DynAero 
could bear, and Brian Klinka '81, who 
is managing sponsorships and volunteer 

Dunn says he hopes that his e-plane will lay the founda- 
tion for further innovations. "If we can make a fuel cell work 
on an airplane, if we can solve the hydrogen generation prob- 
lems and demonstrate that it's a sustainable and renewable 
fuel," he says, "we can get people excited about the future and 
being independent of a petroleum-based economy."!! 

Vicki Sanders is a free-lance writer and editor who lives in 
Brookline, Mass. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 19 


For mechanical engineering major Madeli 

school when her science teacher urged her to join a pre-engineering program. Now her 

sights are set on a career at Pratt & Whitney designing commercial and military jet engines. 


Unless the next crop of scientists and engineers includes 

more women and minorities, experts say America will 

lose its competitive edge. In this special report we 

pipeline problem" and find out how 

WPI is part of the solution. 

exam i 



By Laurance S. Morrison 
Photography by Patrick O'Connor 

nn a hot summer day, 16 middle school students wait 
anxiously for ice cream — and a lesson in communication. 

Stephanie Blaisdell, director of WPI's Office of Diversity 
and Women's Programs, asks the students to write down the 
steps for making a sundae as her undergraduate assistants open 
tubs of ice cream and a smorgasbord of toppings. 

"Put on rubber gloves," Blaisdell reads from one student's 
paper. Assistants hang gloves on their ears or place them on 
their heads. 

"Take some ice cream and put strawberries on it." Scoops 
of ice cream plop onto the table and a pint of strawberries is 
dumped on top. 

"Add chocolate sauce." One assistant ladles chocolate on 
another's blouse. The young students double over with laugh- 
ter, but they also get the point: that in science and engineering, 
it's important to describe things precisely. 

In the end, the students get their sundaes — and the 
message that science can be fun. They are participants in 
Strive Junior, one of a full menu of WPI programs designed 
to excite kids about science, math and engineering — subjects 
too many assume are boring or too difficult. 

The Shrinking Talent Pool 

The premise goes like this: Women and underrepresented 
minorities (along with persons with disabilities) represent 
about two-thirds of American workers. In contrast, the science, 
engineering and technology (SET) workforce is dominated by 
white males — nearly 68 percent. This lack of 
diversity compounds the problem of an 
already alarming shortfall of people going 
into these professions. 

Many educators at WPI and elsewhere 
regard a more inclusive pipeline as indispen- 
sable to the healthy growth of the quantita- 
tive professions. They suggest that it's also an 
issue of fairness — of affording females and 
minorities the same encouragement that 
white males receive so that more of them 
choose to prepare for SET careers. 

And, as William A. Wulf, president of 
the National Academy of Engineering, noted 
in an address to the WPI community last 
spring, it's about missed opportunities. "At 
a fundamental level," he said, "men, 
women, ethnic minorities, racial minorities 
and people with handicaps experience the 
world differently. Those differences in 

experiences are the 'gene pool' from which creativity springs.' 
Without diversity, Wulf added, "we limit the set of life experi 
ences that are applied, and .is .1 result, we pay an opportunity 
cost — a cost in products not built, in designs not considered, 
in constraints not understood, in processes not invented." 

This past summer, participants in 
GEMS (Girls in Engineering, Mathe- 
matics and Science) studied the water 
quality in Institute Pond. 

"Research shows that traditional ways of teaching math 
and science are exclusive, and so it takes some education to 
overcome that." — Stephanie Blaisdell, director, WPI's Office 
of Diversity and Women's Programs 

In its 2000 report, the Congressional Commission on the 
Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineer- 
ing and Technology Development concluded that "unless the 
SET workforce becomes more representative of the general U.S. 
workforce, the nation will undercut its own competitiveness." 
More simply put, we need to devote time and energy to 
cultivating future scientists. We need to 
build a better "pipeline" to deliver the prod- 
uct when we'll need it most. The Council 
on Competitiveness found that 70 percent 
of American CEOs pointed to the skills 
shortage as the number one barrier 
to growth. "Unless U.S. firms can create 
'homegrown' technicians ... companies 
will move their operations abroad or import 
talent from overseas." 

The power structure couldn't agree 
more. A recent survey by the American 
Management Association of 1,000 or its 
members found that a mix of genders and 
ethnic backgrounds on senior management 
teams correlated with superior performance 
in annual sales, market share and worker 
productivity, all leading to .1 stronger 
bottom line. 

What's not so simple is tapping into 
the enormous potential of groups that traditionally have been 
left behind, fusi as major league sports build fol the future 
with farm teams, the fields of science and engineering need 
to be proactive about cultivating the talent pool. Otherwise, 
they'll be left with an empty bench in the years to come. 

22 Transformation) I Fall 2002 

Total U.S. Workforce 

Science, Engineering and Technology Workforce 

Asian and Other 4% 
Hispanic 9.2% 

Black 10.3% 

Asian 10.2% 

American Indian .3% 

White Female 

Hispanic 3% 
Black 3.2% 

White Female 15.4% 

A narrow range of citizens is now making its way through the science, engineering and technology (SET) pipeline. The SET workforce is 
composed mainly of white males, with small percentages of women and underrepresented minority groups. (1997 data) 

In WPI's Strive Jr. program, college-age 
school students realize that science and 

Bridging the Gap 

Madeline Sola '04 is an example of what happens when 
the pipeline works. In middle school, a teacher noticed 
her advanced math and 
science skills. She encour- 
aged Sola to join the 
Connecticut Pre- 
Engineering Program. 
In after-school sessions, 
students built Popsicle- 
stick bridges and studied 
probability using M&Ms. 
"It piqued my interest so 
much," says Sola, 
"I remained a member 

through high school and even took part in summer science 

Sola was encouraged at another critical point in the 
pipeline: her high school technology teacher suggested she 
join a robotics team. Several opportunities spun off from that, 
including Sola's entree into an internship ptogram at Pratt & 
Whitney in Connecticut. Also through the team Sola learned 
about WPI's Strive program for minority students, which 
ultimately convinced her to enroll at WPI. 

The pipeline worked for Madeline Sola. The problem is 
that students like her are too often the exception, not the rule. 
For every Madeline that finds her way to WPI, a handful gets 
left behind. 

Experts say it will take a sea change to fix and maintain 
a productive math and science pipeline. Cooperation is needed 
among science foundations and associations, colleges and 
universities, primary and secondary schools, and government 
and industry. 

counselors help minority middle 
math can be fun. 

Some initiatives are already in place. The National Science 
Foundation has tripled its support to women researchers 
over the past decade to nearly $500 million, according to 
its director, Rita R. Colwell. 

"When we consider 
how to attract women and 
minorities to science and 
technology, we begin to 
re-examine our assump- 
tions about education 
across the board, from 
kindergarten to lifelong 
learning," Colwell noted 
in a recent address titled 
"From Glass Ceiling to 
Crystal Ball: A Vision 
of Women in Science" that she delivered at the Radcliffe 
Institute for Advanced Study in Cambridge, Mass. 

General Electric Company leads the charge for 
industry. The company has committed more than 
$10 million, through the GE Fund, to its Math 
Excellence initiative. 

WPI is on the front lines, too. Its many pipeline 
programs target core areas: cooperation between 
universities and public schools, reaching out to 
elementary school students, and raising the bar for 
high school science and math teachers. (For more 
on these programs, see stories pp. 26-27.) 


While women represent 51% of the population, 

they make up only 26% of computer scientists 

and 9% of engineers working today. 

(U.S. Depl of Commerce) 

Transformations I Fall 2002 23 

"Until we make exposure to technical education a priority at a very early age, students won't realize what 
doors they are closing. " — Edward Alton Parrish, president, WPI 

Building a Better Pipeline 

Under the direction of its president, Edward Alton Parrish, 
WPI is taking a leadership role in raising awareness about 
the pipeline challenge. Its programs set a working example of 
how to bring more women and minorities into the SET fold. 
Camp REACH targets seventh grade girls while Strive reaches 
minority high-schoolers. The Mathematics in Industry Institute 
trains high school teachers and the Massachusetts Academy 
of Mathematics and Science at WPI, a public high school, 
enrolls talented juniors and seniors from central Massachusetts 
with an interest in the quantitative professions and helps tech- 
nical professionals prepare for new careers as math and science 

Tackling the problem, however, will require nothing short 
of "a radical makeover of the role of math and science in pri- 
mary and secondary education," Parrish says. "Until we make 
exposure to technical education a priority at a very early age, 
students won't realize what doors they are closing. The fact is, 
unless pushed by a family member or teacher, few students 
take advanced or elective math and science courses, yet these 
are the game stakes when it comes to higher education studies. 
When students opt out and become disinterested in math and 
science, most commonly at the junior high level, we have a 
responsibility to keep the door open for them — even if they 
choose not to walk through it. 

"Until wc address these preparation issues," Parrish 
concludes, "our society will continue to struggle to recruit 
and retain the next generation of technical talent, and higher 
education will struggle to prepare them." 

Financing a fully representative pipeline will cost big 
bucks — about $5 billion. That's the price tag of setting up a 
comprehensive plan to ensure that "every American student 
receives excellent instruction in math and science, instruction 
critical to maintaining the U.S. edge in the competitive econ- 
omy," according to the National Commission on Mathematics 
and Science Teaching for the 21st Century. 

Many educators and industry leaders consider it a small 
price to pay, especially when compared with the potential 
losses that could be incurred by an underskilled American 
workforce in a competitive global economy. 

Roadblocks to Diversity 

The hefty bottom line of financing the pipeline isn't the 
only obstacle. Among the most entrenched difficulties is 
what Sheila Tobias, an education consultant and author of 
Overcoming Math Anxiety, describes as the unfounded belief 
that scientists are born, not made. 

"One of the characteristics of the ideology of science is 
that science is a calling, something that a scientist wants to 
do, needs to do above all else and at all costs," she says. 
"Another is that both scientific talent and interest come early 
in life — the 'boy wonder' syndrome. If vou don't ask for a 
chemistry set and master it by the time you're five, you wont 
be a good scientist. SitKc far fewer girls and women display 
these traits than boys and men. you etui up with .1 culture discriminates by gender." 

How Inns and gills react to computers is .1 recent case 
in point. In their book ( blocking the Clubhouse: Women in 

24 Transformation! I Fait '00 

"Children are keen observers. They notice whether their mother or father gets into the driver's seat or passenger side. 
They notice who is called for when the electric power goes out or the plumbing fails. They notice who sends the thank-you 
cards and they notice who tinkers with the computer. " 
— Jane Margolis and Allan Fisher, authors, Unlocking the Clubhouse: Women in Computing 

Computing, Jane Margolis and Allan Fisher observe that "the 
fun for male students is not only in using the computer, but 
in knowing it and having it do what you want it to do." Most 
young girls, however, don't develop the 
passion for computers that many boys 
do when they are first exposed to them. 

"These attachment differences," say 
the authors, "help to shape students', 
parents' and teachers' expectations that 
boys and men, not girls and women, 
will excel in and enjoy computing." 
(Ironically, they add, because women's 
interests commonly extend beyond 
computing's technical aspects to its 
applicability within broad human and 
social contexts, they are particularly 
suited to quantitative careers involving 

Even among children themselves, 
a self-fulfilling prophecy is at work. 
Margolis and Fisher cite a 1987 study 
chronicling "how from age five on, both 
boys and girls are aware of each other 
and want to stay within their own 
groups. The toys they choose must be 
appropriate for their gender to attract 
friends to play with them. They are 
resistant to changing this order." 

Such behaviors are often reinforced 
unwittingly by parents. "Children," 
Margolis and Fisher state, "are keen 
observers. They notice whether their 

mother or father gets into the driver's seat or passenger side. 
They notice who is called for when the electric power goes out 
or the plumbing fails. They notice who sends the thank-you 
cards and they notice who tinkers with the computer." 

Parents also influence the choices their children make by 
encouraging their quantitative development — or by failing to 
encourage it. Bruce E. Kearnan, a 20-year career actuary and 
general director of life products support at John Hancock, is a 
five-year member of the advisory board for WPFs Center for 
Industrial Mathematics and Statistics. "Just as you can instantly 
tell whether anyone has spent time playing catch with a young- 
ster," he says, "you know whether someone cared enough to 
drill a child on the multiplication tables. The influence of 

Testing pond water, GEMS students are 
introduced to environmental engineering 

parents and teachers when it comes to liking math, let alone 
considering a math-based career, can hardly be minimized." 
In ways small and large, these kinds of messages are com- 
municated to youngsters throughout 
their educational journey. What should 
a typical high school student conclude 
from being required to take four years 
of English and social studies but only 
two or three years of science and math? 
The results can be disheartening. In 
1998 the Third International Mathe- 
matics and Sciences Study found that 
among U.S. students who had studied 
calculus in high school, 36 percent of 
males and 64 percent of females weren't 
planning to pursue a quantitative 
career — even when they did well in 
the subject. 

Carmen Belleza, a teacher in the 
ethnically diverse Oak Grove High 
School in San Jose, Calif., took part in 
WPI's Mathematics in Industry 
Institute. She said the workshop helped 
her understand how her own uncon- 
scious behavior as she teaches her 
Algebra I and II classes may be 
contributing to those figures. 
"I haven't consciously been 
encouraging female students,' 
she says. "I may have three 
girls in a class of 30. The 
WPI workshop equipped 
me with ideas. I'm inspired again to help my stu- 
dents use math in their daily lives. And I'm going 
to invite parents, whom I rarely hear from, into my 

"Math teachers and others often feel that 
science and math are neutral and 


Underrepresented minority students make up 

nearly 25% of the population but are only 5-10% 

of the AP test-takers in computer science, calculus, 

physics, chemistry and biology. 

(Notional Science Foundation) 

Transformations I Fall 2002 2 5 

"One of our responsibilities is 
to counteract the pocket- 
protector stereotype and 
show the thrill that springs 
from a way of thinking and a 
way of doing. " 
— Edward Alton Parrish 

don't require any special attention to diversity," notes Stephanie 
Blaisdell. "But research shows that traditional ways of teaching 
math and science are exclusive, and so it takes some education 
to overcome that." 

Getting disenfranchised students interested in math and 
science offers positive outcomes. "They supply the pipeline with 
fresh and diverse perspectives. More important," Parrish says, 
"they become better future adult citizens in their communities. 

"One of our responsibilities is to counteract the pocket- 
protector stereotype and show the thrill that springs from a 
way of thinking and a way of doing. We can help them judge 
their world in new ways when they can tie their individual 
analytical abilities to the real world," says Parrish. "DVDs, 
digital satellite radio, and all the other devices of daily life 
didn't drop from the sky; they were created by engineers, 
with scientists, with mathematicians." 

With WPI serving as a model for how public schools, 
universities and industry can work together, 
tomorrow's engineers, scientists and mathema- 
ticians will more accurately reflect the new face 
of the American workforce: more female, more 
ethnically diverse and — most important — 
more creative than ever before. D 

Morrison leads a full-service communications firm 
in Sturbridge, Mass. His most recent piece for 
Transformations was on facial recognition 


WPI's pipeline programs reach out 

to more than 1,000 women and 

underrepresented minority 

students each year. 

The pipeline that leads students to careers in engi- 
neering and science begins in elementary school. 

When it works properly, it carries young minds through middle- and 
high school, college and graduate school, and delivers them into 
professional and academic worlds. More than 40 WPI programs target 
nearly every critical point along the way to make sure that promising 
students aren't diverted from the path. (Here we profile three of these 
programs; for a complete list, visit 

WPI's initiatives are supported by corporations and foundations that 
share the university's commitment to bridging the gender diversity gap 
in science and technology careers. One such industry partner is Intel, 
which provides funds for Strive Jr. and Strive, summer programs that 
reach out to minority students in middle- and high school. Intel also 
supports GEMS (Girls in Engineering, Mathematics and Science) and 
GEMS Jr., for girls in the same age groups. Likewise, General Electric 
has committed major corporate dollars through its GE Fund to WPI's 
Mathematics in Industry Institute for teachers. 

"Partnerships among universities, schools and businesses are essential 
to moving the needle on diversity in these fields," says George Oliver 
'82, vice president and general manager of GE Betz Inc. and GE's 
university executive for WPI. "WPI has demonstrated a track record, 
innovative thinking and initiative in addressing the needs of female and 
minority high school students in math, technology and the sciences." 

26 Transformation) I Fall Jimj 

Through programs like REACH, Frontiers and the Mathematics in Industry Institute, 
WPI promotes cooperation between universities and public schools, reaches out to 
women and minority students, and supports high school teachers. 

Editor's Note: As this story 

was being written, the WPI 

community was shaken by the 

sudden and tragic death of 

Denise Nicoletti, associate 

professor of electrical and 

computer engineering and 

founder of Camp REACH. 

Larry Morrison spent some time 

with Denise as he was reporting this story, and we are 

glad to be able to share her thoughts — and the story of 

the program to which she dedicated countless hours. 

Extending Girls' REACH 

Prominent among WPI's pipeline programs is 
Camp REACH (Reinventing Engineering And 
Creating new Horizons), founded five years ago 
by Chrysanthe Demetry '88, associate professor 
of mechanical engineering, and the late Denise 
Nicoletti, associate professor of electrical and 
computer engineering. 

In the summer break between sixth and seventh 
grades, this two-week residential program offers 
30 girls the opportunity to explore engineering 
issues that have an impact on society. Among 
many projects, campers have designed a 
playground in collaboration with a neighbor- 
hood crime prevention group, created a Web 
site for the Big Brothers/Big Sisters of Worcester, 
and designed a Wellness Room for AIDS Project 

The staff includes WPI faculty members, local 
middle school math and science teachers, WPI 
students who serve as residential assistants, and 
high school students who help out as teaching 

'Too often, high school teachers reinforce the 
expectation that girls will have less interest in 
engineering or science than boys," noted 
Nicoletti, who directed the program until her 
death in a car accident this past summer. "It's a 
bogus stereotype, of course, but it can be hard 
to buck. So with the encouragement of the 
university, several of us decided to open this 
career opportunity to younger girls." 

The program bolsters the girls' self-confidence 
and helps them appreciate the real purpose of 
engineering (solving important problems that 
make the world better for real people). In 
addition, Nicoletti said, it shows the girls that 
engineers are not nerds, as some may think. 

New Frontiers for High School 

Now in its 20th year, the Frontiers program 
gives talented high school juniors and seniors a 
taste of college life and at the same time 
nurtures their interest in quantitative careers. 
(Strive is a similar summer residential program 
for African-American, Latino and Native 
American students.) 

In 2002, Frontiers drew 1 1 7 students — double 
the 2001 enrollment — including 30 women, 
from as far away as California, Oregon and 
Hawaii; a few came from overseas, including 
students from Australia and Spain. During their 
two weeks at WPI, they pursued a "major" 
(biology, chemistry, computer science, electrical 
and computer engineering, environmental engi- 
neering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, 
physics or robotics) and completed project work 
focusing on real-world science and engineering 
issues, such as Web security and gene splicing. 
By taking workplace field trips, (some sponsored 
by Worcester-area alumni), they had the chance 
to see their majors in action. 

"We promote Frontiers at 1 ,700 high schools 
across the country whose SAT scores and 
percentage of college-bound graduates indicate 
a strong foundation for the demands of our 
curriculum," says Julie Darling, assistant director 
of admissions, who also directs Frontiers. The 
program is conducted jointly by WPI's 
Admissions, Student Affairs, Residential Life and 
Student Activities offices. She notes that the 
program fee is deducted from the first-year 
tuition for Frontiers students who enroll at WPI. 

Darling says that the teens' days are long and 
full. "It's not accidental that we send the students 
a list of things to bring that starts with 'alarm 

Making Math Matter 

Supported by the GE Fund and a grant from the 
National Science Foundation, the Mathematics 
in Industry Institute (Mil) for teachers at WPI is 
co-directed by Bogdan Vernescu, professor of 
mathematical sciences, and Arthur Heinricher, 
associate professor of mathematical sciences. 
The program this year brought 45 high school 
teachers from across the country to campus, 
immersing them in actual industry-based prob- 
lems, and giving them real-world mathematical 
projects they can employ in their classrooms. 

An essential component of Mil is field trips to 
workplaces where mathematics is indispensable. 
This summer, Thomas Danias, who's been 
teaching algebra, geometry and trigonometry at 
East High School in Erie, Penn., for 20 years, 
worked on a project for an insurance company, 
wherein he calculated the cost of a simple life 
insurance policy to cover the children in a 

"I can use a project like this in my classroom," 
he says. "I can individualize the project to 
match each student's experience, and then help 
them figure out the underlying mathematics." 
He'll do this in a school where 42 percent of the 
1 ,000 students are females and 32 percent are 

"I will incorporate into my regular lessons 
techniques I picked up from my colleagues, as 
well as the actual projects I worked on," says 
Mil participant Robert Tierney, who teaches 
algebra and pre-calculus at Stafford High 
School in northern Connecticut. "And, of course, 
I'm going to sit down with all the other teachers 
in my school." One of Mil's goals is to have 
each participant train four other teachers in their 
schools, helping the program reach more than 
1 ,000 teachers over the course of three years. 
— LM 

Transformations I Fall 2002 27 

The 1113 ' j 

By Joan Killough-Miller 

Mitchell Sanders is like a molecular magician, 

with a bundle of presto, change-o technologies up his sleeve. 
Want to know if those leftover cold cuts are safe to eat? 
Sandets can give you a storage bag with a frowning face 
that appears only in the presence of harmful bacteria. Got a 
problem with lead paint? His bag of tricks includes a rapid- 
diagnosis saliva test — and a wipe to remove and contain the 
toxic dust. He's got bandages that change color when a wound 
is infected, badges that sound an alarm in the presence of 
pathogens used in bioterrorism, and a lot of other ideas 
for consumer, medical and research applications. 

The magic is all in the molecules — engineered protein 
molecules, to be specific — and Sanders makes it look so 
simple. The broad spectrum of applications stems from two 
types of bioactive proteins: Detector Proteins and Protector 
Proteins (see page 30). From these two proprietary core tech- 
nologies could come a diverse array of products to stave 
off everything from bedsores to antibiotic-resistant pathogens. 

But the most amazing thing about Mitch Sanders is that 
he's as much of a wizard in the corporate boardroom as he is at 
the lab bench. The science of manipulating protein chains he 
learned largely at WPI, where he completed a master's degree 
in biology in 1988 and a Ph.D. in biomedical engineering 
in 1992. (He also holds a bachelor's degree from Boston 
University and two postdoctoral degrees from MIT's 
Whitehead Institute.) The art of wooing corporate partners 
and getting deals done he had to figure out as he went along. 

Sanders has received help from WPI's Department of 
Management, with which he maintains close ties. He has 
been an active supporter of the WPI Venture Forum, where he 
received invaluable advice during the early days of his startup, 
Expressive Constructs Inc. Julian C. Sulej, visiting assistant 
professor of entrepreneurship, praises Sanders' ability to engage 
with students. "In addition," he notes, "he has provided an 
essential link to the rapidly developing biotech industry 
here in Worcester, which is assuming a critical impor- 
tance in the economic development of the city, and of 
New England as a whole. " 

Sanders founded Fxpressive Constructs, better known as 
ECI Biotech, in 1998 with a $20,000 loan provided by his 
parents. He started the business in a Worcester three-decker, 
but the company grew so quickly that it was soon necessary to 
move it into a 3,500-square-foot space at Worcester Biotech 

Mitch Sanders pulls cures 
out of a hat, engineering 
bioactive proteins that can heal 
a wounded soldier, test 
for lead paint, or detect 
bacteria in leftovers. 
And that's just for starters. 


Park. Not long after, the time came to "throw our friends 
and family off the board and go out and get real board 
members," says Sanders. From modest beginnings, ECI has 
managed to raise $2 million in venture capital and attract 
sleek corporate clients to whom ECI is providing services, 
including health care giant Johnson cv Johnson and FSA Inc. 
of Chelmsford, Mass. 

I ■( I mined closer to WPI in Maw into almost double the 
lab space at 6 Park Avenue. Besides leaving room to grow (and 
space to incubate promising startups), the nunc gives S.uulcis. 
who holds the title of affiliate professor at WPI, better access 
to the university's departments and students, which are his 
prime Source ol capital. 

28 Transformations I Fall 2002 

In fact, WPI students and graduates make up more 
than 90 percent of the staff of ECI Biotech. (Current 
students employed at ECI are Barbara Appiah '04 and 
Raquib Mazumder '03. WPI alumni who have worked at 
ECI are Katie Bouffard '02, Christina Higgins '99, 
Estelle Houde '02, Melissa Michelon '01, Michael Salcius '98 
and Melissa Wright '00.) 

Explains Sanders, "WPI students have the whole package. 
Thev are very professional. They have a profound appreciation 
for what it takes to be successful in the real world, and they 
have the skills necessary to go out and get a job — the day they 
graduate. We don't mean to give preference, but just by 
virtue of having a great relationship with the departments, 
we seem to." 

Mitch Sanders, founder of ECI Biotech, gets assistance from Estelle 
Houde '02, one of many WPI students and alumni employed by this 
growing biotech company located a few blocks from campus. 

ECI has become a favored site for biology and biotech- 
nology students fulfilling the requirements of their Major 
Qualifying Projects, or MQPs, says Professor Ronald D. 
Cheetham, who serves as advisor for research projects with 
a number of off-campus scientists. 

"Mitch is creative, enthusiastic and patient," Cheetham 
says. "Because his company is not large and flush with cash, 
he teaches students to think beyond the science, to consider 
market issues and how to be efficient." 

(Continued on page 31 ) 

Transformations I Fall 2002 29 

From Two Technologies, Many Applications 

Detector Proteins 

Protector Proteins 

Detector proteins change color to signal the presence of a 
hazardous pathogen or other substance. They detect enzymes 
secreted only by the specific pathogenic bacteria of interest. They 
don't react to dead bacteria, nor will they trigger a false alarm in 
the presence of harmless bacteria, foodstuffs or mammalian tissue. 

"If you do a lot of genome-gazing, you appreciate the fact that 
there are a lot of common mechanisms by which these bacteria 
infect and cause inflammation, which leads to everything from local 
irritation to wound infection to meningitis," says Mitch Sanders, 
head of Worcester-based ECI Biotech. 

According to ECI literature, detector proteins work quickly, are 
selective and inexpensive to produce, and can be incorporated into 
a wide array of potential products. Here are some examples: 

Food Safety and the Environment 

• A swab test for meat processing plants that would glow 
fluorescent green if a food pathogen such as Listeria monocyto- 
genes is present 

• A sensor for plastic bags containing leftovers that would change 
color if food is spoiled 

Lead and Heavy Metals 

• A rapid-read lead-level diagnostic test that uses saliva 
(current tests, done mostly on children, require a blood sample) 

• A disposable wipe that removes and encapsulates toxic lead 
dust from walls and other surfaces 

Bioterrorism/Homeland Security 

• A badge that would alert the wearer to a broad spectrum of bac- 
terial and viral agents, including anthrax, smallpox and plagues 

• Proteins that would bind to toxic heavy metals, removing them 
from public water supplies, or to uranium and other radioactive 
residue from "dirty bombs" 

Unfolded Enzyme 

(no activity) 

Active Enzyme 

(correctly refolded) 

Active Enzyme 

(correctly folded) 

Protector ► ► ^. 
Proteins ^ ^ 

Protector proteins act by stabilizing the structure of important cell 
proteins. To function, protein chains must remain folded in a specific 
three-dimensional shape, but environmental and chemical stresses, 
such as heat or pH changes, can turn them into useless tangles. 

Under the right conditions, protector proteins can coax partially 
unfolded protein chains back into their proper shape. If employed 
in the early phase of healing, they can protect the assaulted protein 
chains and increase their production of needed enzymes. 

"We think these proteins will alleviate a lot of the inflammation and 
irritation to allow the healing process to occur," Sanders says. "Put 
this stuff in a gel, slap it on a wound, and you'll make the cells 
more viable so they'll recover faster. We've shown that we can actu- 
ally prevent cells from dying when they're cooked in an oven." 

ECI is currently pursuing off-site studies with pigskin, which 
is remarkably similar to human skin. "It's a little pie-in-the-sky," 
cautions Sanders, "but if it works, it could be a tremendous 

One important application that Sanders is considering would incor- 
porate protector proteins and detector proteins to produce 
advanced wound-care products. He envisions a bioactive wound 
dressing made of a plastic-coated spongy material. 

Detector proteins in the dressing would allow caregivers to tell at a 
glance if an infection is developing, before an immune reaction or 
sepsis (blood-borne infection) occurs. Immediate treatment would 
result in faster recovery, fewer complications and lower health care 
costs. Meanwhile, protector proteins would promote cell growth and 
healing at the molecular level. — JKM 

3 Transformations I Fall 2002 

(Continued from page 29) 

During a recent and highly 

challenging project, Cheetham was 

impressed with the way Sanders 

showed his concern fot the student 

involved, not just for the student's 

progress in the laboratory. "Mitch 

continued to encourage the student 

and to work on every conceivable 

approach until the student finally 

achieved good results," he says. 

"That commitment to students is 

what makes Mitch special in my 


Sanders says he enjoys watch- 
ing skills and confidence develop in 

the students he mentors. Many 

start out as work-study employees, 

then complete their projects and 

stay on as part-time or summer 

employees at ECI. Project manager 

Maureen Hamilton 00 is now a 

permanent member of the staff. 

The mutually beneficial relation- 
ship between ECI and WPI has 

earned ECI a reputation as the 

"extension program" for the WPI Biology and Biotechnology 


The company's major thrust this year will be in the areas 

of advanced wound care products, lead detection and removal 

systems, and home health care applications. "We're reducing to 

practice all the technology we've built during the past two to 
four years, to a level at which we're going to have functional 
prototypes ready to go to corporate clients," says Sanders. The 
medical products, which require extensive clinical testing, will 
be marketed to doctors first, to build trust, before consumer 
versions are introduced. 

Smart partnerships and diverse applications have kept ECI 
moving forward, even as venture capital becomes more diffi- 
cult to raise. "When you have this kind of simple technology 
that has broad-spectrum applications, you can cut it into 
several different pie slices and go to different fields of use to 
build new corporate relationships," says Sanders. "The neat 
thing is that we can prioritize them based on market size and 
what we realistically can deliver." 

While it may be tempting to focus on applications to 
combat terrorist threats, such as anthrax and "dirty bombs,'' 
Sanders reminds the public that there are more "mundane" 
hazards that pose a much greater threat to most Americans. 
Lead paint, for example, is still present in 64 million homes. 
The food pathogens Listeria monocytogenes and pathogenic 
R. coli 0157:H7 each caused the recalls of millions of pounds 
of meat and poultry in recent years (one meat packer recalled 
more than 27 million pounds of turkey and chicken in 

"When you have this kind of simple 

technology that has broad-spectrum 

applications, you can cut it into several 

different pie slices and go to different 

fields of use to build new corporate 

relationships." — Mitch Sanders 

October after a strain of Listeria 
linked to at least seven deaths in 
the Northeast was found in its 
floor drains). There are two million 
hospital-acquired infections each 
year at a cost of $5 billion, accord- 
ing to a report by the Centers for 
Disease Control. 

"There was a lot of learning 
I had to do, because I was starting 
from scratch," Sanders admits. 
He got his business education by 
reading 30 management books and 
sitting down with Worcester's busi- 
ness leaders to pick their brains. 
"Worcester is such a great city," 
he says. "There's real dedication 
toward startups here that you 
wouldn't be able to find in a smaller 
city, and that would be lost in a 
bigger city." The WPI Venture 
Forum and the university's man- 
agement department gave him 
excellent guidance. Now he's in a 
position to give back, by speaking 
to classes at Reunion and at the Forum. 

The danger, for a small company like ECI, is in growing 
too fast or in attempting to tackle lofty applications that 
require capital-intensive research beyond the company's 
resources. "Every year we have to put four or five really good 
ideas on hold, because the timing's wrong, or we can't see that 
the market opportunity is big enough, or we haven't figured 
out who would be our corporate champion to bring this prod- 
uct to market," Sanders says. "It's actually a bit frightening. 
We've had to really put our blinders on and ask, as a company, 
'What can we realistically get done this quarter?' We have to be 
focused and put the partner companies first, in terms of think- 
ing about what their needs are and how can we make sure we 
give them the fight deliverables." 

Does Sanders the scientist ever wish he could make the 
business concerns just go away so he could concentrate on 
pure research? "It's an interesting scenario," he says, "when 
you come from a science background and you realize that even 
the best technology doesn't matter if you can't sell it right. 
I enjoy the business flow. You have to get in the trenches and 
understand how these big companies work and what their 
pressure points are. 

"I also love the science," he continues. "Eventually there 
may come a time when we need a real, high-caliber CEO to 
run this company. But for now what we need are competent 
advisors to direct us in making sure that the deals are 
well-served and that anything we do is in the best interest 
of the company and the investors." II 

Transformations I Fall 2002 3 1 


From Your Alumni Association President 

As president of the WPI Alumni Association, I have the privilege of 
working with a group of dedicated volunteers who are full of good ideas 
about how the association can fulfill its mission of building strong con- 
nections between alumni and the rest of the WPI community. In fact, 
we are blessed with more ideas than we could ever hope to realize. 

To make the most of the time and resources we have, the association 

this year has focused its energy on two important efforts for the near 

term. Knowing that the Board of Trustees was about to launch a major 

marketing program, we decided, first, to increase the level of communication with alumni about our 

activities and services. Our second focus is supporting the university's marketing effort. 

While these primary thrusts will guide our efforts for the time being, we will also continue to work 
toward some of the goals in the association's five-year master plan. We have made significant progress 
toward a number of those goals, which temain quite relevant to WPI's mission, and we will do more 
in the months ahead. But given the urgency we have placed on the need to become THE leader in 
undergraduate technical education, we must find a way to leverage the power of our 26,000 alumni. 
To do that, we must zero in on initiatives that will bring us closer to that objective. 

The fact is, alumni make up almost 90 percent of the WPI family, greatly outnumbering all students, 
faculty and administrators put together, and our ranks grow by 650 to 700 each year. We must engage 
these men and women in our marketing effort and create an army of WPI ambassadors determined to 
make WPI a household name. 

As we set out to do this, we can learn from the Alumni Funds Board, which has been led by John 
Powers '61 over the past three years. John led the charge to involve a larger base of volunteers in the 
fund-raising efforts. The result has been unprecedented growth, with a Class Agent program utilizing 
more than 1,000 volunteers. This produced a dramatic increase in the participation rate in the Annual 
Alumni Fund, from 24 percent to 3 1 percent. 

About 4 percent of all alumni, or 1,200 individuals, are actively engaged as volunteers in the Alumni 
Association. Image what we could do if our volunteer ranks were to swell to match the participation 
rate in the Annual Alumni Fund. We'd have an army 8,000 strong, and according to Metcalf's Law, 
our probability of success would be leveraged by a factor of 44! 

To engage more volunteers, we need to know more about what motivates our alumni to take time from 
their busy lives to help out their alma mater, and how to engage those who haven't yet volunteered. 
For many alumni, it may be simply that we need to do a better job of staying in touch and letting them 
know about the remarkable things happening back here on Boynton Hill. 

Indeed, these are exciting times at WPI. This is a unique and special university. I sense we are on the 
brink of breaking loose on several fronts, but we must keep pushing ourselves toward excellence in all our 

Thank you for your continued support. I welcome your input and would urge those of you who are 
so inclined to get involved. I can tell you from personal experience, that no matter how much you 
contribute to support WPI's mission, you get so much more back. 

Dusty Klauber '67 

Meet your Alumni Association Leaders 


Mike Donahue '90 

is co-chair of the Alumni 
Association's Social & Service 
Division, dedicated to provid- 
ing opportunities to build 
strong bonds among alumni 
of all ages, from new gradu- 
ates to retirees. Mike's involvement is a natural 
extension of his student days, when he served 
as student body president and as a residence 
hall director. 

"Our goal, in the Social & Service Division, is 
to promote on environment where students and 
alumni feel like they are part of something larger 

than themselves," he says. "We want to instill 
the sense that when you graduate from WPI, 
you belong for life." 

Despite his busy calendar as director of Uniprise, 
a UnitedHeath Group company, Mike makes time 
for his alma mater because, "At the end of the 
day, if alumni don't take an active role, if they 
don't show active concern for WPI, who will?" 

No matter what your talents, there's a role for 
you in the Alumni Association Contact the Office 
of Alumni Relations at or 
508-83 1 -5600 to find out how you can get 


Capture the pride: 

Homecoming 2002 (Sept. 

■I I iL_ ...:iL - 

traditional rope pull at Institute Park, to 
the football game with Union College, 
to tailgate picnics and a festival with food, 



to the Quad, the weekend featured events 
that rekindled campus memories and friend- 
ships. This year's program also featured 
some contemporary new activities, including 
"A Week at Ground Zero" with Professor 
Jonathan Barnett '74 and an open house 
at the new state-of-the-art Haas Technical 
Center for Computer-controlled Machining. 


Hall of Fame Inducts Five WPI's Athletic Hall of 
Fame inducted its Class of 2002 at a special dinner 
in the Campus Center on the Friday of Homecoming 
weekend. The new inductees were, from left, the 
late Albert G. Bellos '42 (football, basketball, base- 
ball), represented by his son, Al Bellos; Kevin M. 
Doherty '79 (basketball); brothers Brian W. Chu '92 
and George E. Chu '95 (wrestling); and Kimberly 
A. Landry '97 (basketball). See page 42 for an 
obituary for Albert Bellos; see the online M 

Transformations for citations for all inductees, r 

Congratulations to 
Howard Freeman, 

-L V^/ who was elected to 
The Wholesaler's inaugural PVF 
(Pipe Valve Fittings) Hall of 
Fame. He was profiled in a spe- 
cial issue dedicated to "a hand- 
ful of manufacturing legends 
who have facilitated not only 
the growth of their own busi- 
ness but also the development 
of visionary new products along 
with commensurate commit- 
ment to industry channels." 
Now retired, Freeman founded 
Jamesbury Corp., and revolu- 
tionized the industry with 
his design for the Jamesbury 
ball valve and the double-seal 
ball valve. 

/ When Woodbury 
and Co. closed its 
JL iL doors this year, 
Kim Woodbury donated the 
company's collection of photo- 
graphs and memorabilia to the 
WPI archives. Founded in 1880 
by John Charles Woodbury, 
Class of 1876, the Worcester 
printing and engraving compa- 
ny has been headed by a family 
member and WPI graduate for 
four generations. 

/ F—r William Rice 

served a two-week 
-JL / term with Global 
Volunteers in March, teaching 
conversational English to ele- 
mentary schoolchildren in Rota, 
Spain. He enjoyed local hospi- 
tality, including paella and 
fresh-caught seafood, flamenco 
music, and festive Holy Week 
celebrations. The nonprofit 
agency offers short-term 
volunteer opportunities in 
19 countries. 


Bill Mufatti, who 

retired as senior 
patent counsel for 
GE Plastics after 27 years of 
service, recently rejoined the 
company in a consulting capaci- 
ty. He was also elected to t In- 
board ol Greylock federal 
( 'redil Union. 

Special Alumni Savings 
on IT Certificate Programs 

Thinking about a career change? Want to add new skills to your resume? 
WPI alumni may now take all upcoming WPI day and evening IT certificate 
programs at a 1 percent discount. 

A leader in information technology training, WPI has awarded nearly 
4,000 IT certificates since 1994. Current programs include Java', Oracle 
DBA, Oracle' Developer, .Net, UNIX, C++, Web Technologies 
and Windows' 2000.NET. All are available full- or part-time at our 
branch campuses in Waltham and Southborough. 

For class start dates or to schedule a one-on-one meeting to discuss your 
training needs, call 

Boakfar Ketunuti 
^N / lost his father, 

Maj. Gen. Nom 
Ketunuti, who fought proudly 
to protect the Kingdom of 
Thailand during World War II 
and the Chieng Tung and Indo- 
China conflicts. "My mother 
and father have passed away," 
he writes. "I miss them more 
than words can say. I'm so 
proud of my father who fol- 
lowed his convictions and was 
happy to see the Thai people 
enjoy freedom and democracy." 


Al Girard writes 
that he is "working 
on Career #5." 
After two years as a visiting pro- 
fessor, he was appointed assis- 
tant professor of information 
technology at Southern New 
Hampshire University in 
Manchester. He also chairs 
an IT Department task force 
charged with revising the com- 
puter languages curriculum. 

^" s~*\ Joseph Bronzino 

^^ V- 1 was honored with 
^/ ^S the American 
College of Clinical Engineers' 
Professional Development 
Award at a conference of 
the Association for the 
Advancement of Medical 
Instrumentation. He also serves 
as president of BEACON 
(Biomedical Engineering 
Alliance and Consortium). 

Carl Frova teceived the 
Courage Award from the Tri- 
Counry Muscular Dystrophy 
Association in Southern 
California. The award was pre- 
sented Feb. 21, 2002, at the 
organization's gala Evening of 
Hope. He was also featured in a 
film vignette on the 2002 MDA 
Telethon and received a person- 
al letter from Jerry Lewis. 

Frova, who was diagnosed with 
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclero- 
sis — bettet known as Lou 
Gehrig's disease) four years ago, 
was honored for his leading role 
in the campaign for public 
awareness. He has written arti- 
cles, participated in support 
groups, spoken with patients, 
and wheeled through a number 
of fund-raising walks. He and 
his wile, Barbara, live in Simi 

f ■< John Buckley of 

Marion, Mass., has 
V_^ -L. served as a manage- 
ment consultant since 1968. He 
recently completed an assign- 
ment as interim chief executive 
officer for JG Machines of 
Paterson, N.J., manufacturer 
of production equipment lor 
the pharmaceutical, cosmetics 

and food industries. 

Leo Robichaud was elected 
vice president ol Daigle Oil Co. 
I le joined the company in 
1974. I le has managed its 
Presque Isle, Maine, division 
and most recendy served as 
the company's nsk manager, 

Reunion: June 6-8 

Mark your calendars. Clnssfts of '38, MR. MR 'M y 5R, V.R '6Z '73 & '7ft 

Parmelee lives 
\**r J^ in LaGrangeville, 
N.Y. His e-mail address is 

James Dunham 

recently retired 
\_>/ JL from the New 
York State Department of 
Transportation. He plans to run 
for mayor in his hometown of 
Kinderhook, N.Y. 

Walter Lankau, owner of Stow 
Acres Country Club and part- 
owner of Sterling Country 
Club, was elected president of 
the National Golf Course 
Owners Association. 

"^ / Blanchard contin- 
\^/ ues as president of 

Montgomery Wholesale Florist. 
He remains active in local 
politics in Sturbridge, Mass. 

John Nano was appointed pres- 
ident and CEO of Competitive 
Technologies Inc. He lives in 
Stamford, Conn., with his wife 
and son. 

Scott Ramsay is 

executive vice pres- 
VJ O ident and CFO 
for Shaw's Supermarkets. He 
recently assumed the additional 
duties of executive vice presi- 
denr of USA Group Services. 
He and his wife live in Boston 
and have two adult children. 

Richard DeLand 

~X V- I delivered the 
V^/ ^/ commencement 
address at Housatonic 
Community College (HCC) in 
Bridgeport, Conn., where he 
earned an associates degree in 
computer information systems 
this year. A true lifelong learner, 
he maintained a 4.0 average, 
studying at night and working 
by day as a software engineer at 
Unilever. DeLand was recently 
inducted into the Phi Theta 
Kappa and Alpha Beta Gamma 
honor societies, along with his 
son, Matthew, who is a senior 
at HCC. 

John Garrity was 

named president 
\J and CEO of 

Marathon Consulting Group. 
He joined the company in 
1994. John and his wife, Susan, 
have two children. 

Robert Plante was appointed 
the James Brooke Henderson 
Professor of Management at 
Purdue University's Krannert 
School of Management, where 
he serves as a senior associate 
dean. His research interests 
include the development of 
statistical quality control and 
improvement models and pro- 
cedures for contemporary and 
futuristic manufacturing sys- 
tems. He is the second Krannert 
faculty member to hold the 
James Brooke Henderson 

7 Paul Cleary (at 

JL robing ceremony, 
with, from left, his wife, Julie, 
son Conor, and daughters 
Dylan and Caitlin) was sworn 
in as the newest magistrate 
judge for the U.S. District 
Court, Northern District of 
Oklahoma. Other guests includ- 
ed Richard duFosse and Diane 
(Gramer) Drew '73, who flew 
in from New England for the 
ceremony. Cleary received his 
J.D. from rhe University of 
Tulsa Law College in 1981 and 
has served as an adjunct settle- 
ment judge for the Northern 
District for more than 10 years. 
He lives in Tulsa. 

In March 2002, Don Peterson 

was presented with the 2001 
CEO of the Year award for rhe 
enterprise market by Frost & 
Sullivan, a San Jose, Calif, mar- 
ket consulting and training 
firm. Peterson was praised for 
his leadership in the 2000 
launch of Avaya Inc., and for 
restructuring the firm for 
stability and growth. 

Alden Bianchi 

was named a 
JL fellow of the 
American College of Employee 
Benefirs Counsel. Active in 
community affairs, he recently 
chaired rhe American Heart 
Association's 2002 Worcester 
Heart Ball. 

Steve Rubin was named to 
the board of directors of 
WebEvent Inc. 

Irvin Halman is 

president of the 
V±J \J private sector 
Council for Educational 
Assistance (CoSPAE), a non- 
profit organization that works 
for educational transformation 
in the Republic of Panama. He 
is also director of the Chamber 
of Commerce, Industry and 
Agriculture of Panama. 

Chartsiri "Tony" 
Sophonpanich was appointed 
the 18th chairman of the Thai 
Bankers' Association. Ptesident 
of Bangkok Bank, he was 
named Banker of the Year 
200 1 by Money and Banking 


Timothy Pac is a 

project manager 
with IT Corp. He 
lives in Plainville, Mass., where 
he chairs the Board of Health. 

Congratulations to 

5Anni Autio ('97 
M.S. EV), who 
was elected director of District 
2 of ASCE. She will represent 
the Boston Society of Civil 
Engineers, the Connecticut 
Society of Civil Engineers, and 
the Maine, New Hampshire, 
Rhode Island and Eastern 
Canada sections of the ASCE. 

An environmental engineer with 
Camp Dresser & McKee, Autio 
is currently managing a multi- 
million-dollar emergency 
response project in Libby, 
Mont. She has been active on 
ASCE committees since 1987, 
and was the first woman to 
chair the Infrastructure 
Technical Group. A past 
president of the Boston Society 
of Civil Engineers section, and 
a former secretary of the Boston 
Engineering Center's board of 
directors, she currently chairs 
the Boston section's History 
and Heritage and Library 

Tom Potter is general manager 
of the Ptecision Products 
Business Unit of Texas 
Instruments in Attleboro, Mass. 
He lives in Somerset. 

Stephen Rohrbacher recently 
completed the degree require- 
ments for an MBA from the 
University of Massachusetts. He 
lives in Tewksbury, Mass., with 
his wife, Ruth, and two daugh- 
ters, Melissa and Christina. 
He works for American 
Elecrroplating Co. and keeps 
busy with a weekend business, 

John Scholl is vice president of 
R&D at Artemis Medical in 
Hayward, Calif. He is responsi- 
ble for developing products for 
minimally invasive diagnosis 
and treatment of cancer. His 
eldest child, Daniel, entered UC 
Davis as a freshman this fall. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 


Reunion: June 6-8 

M a rk vo ur c alendars, Classes of '83 &. '88 

I WPI Bookshelf 

Catalog of the 1 9th Century 
Stamped Envelopes and 
Wrappers ol the United States, 
Second Edition 

Allen Mintz '48, Editor 

The United Postal Stationery Society Inc. 

The UPSS is an international organization 
of collectors that publishes reference works 
devoted primarily, but not exclusively, to postal 
stationery. In his foreword to the new edition, 
Mintz writes that postal stationery, once a stepchild in the world of 
philately, has come of age, as evidenced by the rare and fine items 
that sell for many times the prices suggested by auction house 
catalogs. A longtime collector and the author of many articles, 
Mintz is retired as treasurer of Chain Construction Co. 


Rethinking Democratic 

by Robert D. Behn '63 ' 

Brookings Institution Press 

Behn examines the conflict between accounta- 
bility — that is, how government accomplishes its 
work — and performance — meaning what the 
government actually accomplishes. Arguing that 
too much focus on bookkeeping and procedural 
compliance actually hampers performance, he 
proposes a "new public-administration paradigm" that he claims bal- 
ances ethics with effectiveness. Behn, a visiting professor at Harvard 
University's Kennedy School of Government, is the author of 
Leadership Counts: Lessons for Public Managers, co-editor of 
Innovation in American Government: Challenges, Opportunities, and 
Dilemmas and co-author of Quick Analysis for Busy Decision Makers. 



A Unique Handbook for the 
ChcmJo) Proem Industry 

The Pilot Plant Real Book: 
A Unique Handbook for the 
Chemical Process Industry 

by Francis X. McConville '76 

FXM Engineering and Design; available 

Just as jazz musicians rely on a "real book" 
with chord charts for standard tunes, process 
chemists now have a comprehensive reference 
guide that puts frequently used information 
at their fingertips. The Pilot Plant Real Book compiles a wealth of 
essential data on commonly used reagents, reactions and procedures 
in a handy wire-bound format. The book includes safety guidelines, 
equipment descriptions, and tips for efficient operation. Extensive 
tables, graphs and diagrams show chemical and thermal properties, 
abbreviations, mathematical formulae, and other listings useful to 
anyone involved in scaling up new chemical processes for commercial- 
ization. McConville, who now operates FXM Engineering and Design, 
a Worcester-based consulting business, has over 26 years of experi- 
ence in industry and performs on bluegrass and jazz mandolin with 
several area bands. 

36 Transformations I Fall 2002 

Peter Sullivan was appointed 
vice president and general 
manager for the Interface and 
Robotics Product Group of 
Asyst Technologies in Fremont, 

/*~\ /^ Bridget 

. *^% McGuiness runs 
V^J ^_x Corrosion Check 
Inc., a home inspection busi- 
ness, out of her own home in 
Lynn, Mass. An article in the 
Daily Item noted that she is one 
of only 1 women inspectors in 
the state. 


Desiree Awiszio 

participated in a 
workshop designed 
to inspire young girls to pursue 
careets in engineering. The 
Worcester event featured former 
astronaut N. Jan Davis and was 
organized by Desiree's father, 
Henry, who is a mechanical 
design and development engi- 
neer. She continues as a com- 
puter consulting engineer for 
EMC Corp. in Hopkinton. 

Joyce Danielson is the new 

senior vice president of bank 
administration at Strata Bank in 
Medway, Mass. Het background 
includes senior management 
positions at People's Savings 
Bank, Westborough Bank and 
the former Safety Fund 
National Bank. 

Joe McCartin was profiled in 
an article called "Mortgage IT 
all-stars" in Black Enterprise 
magazine. As a mortgage tech- 
nology consultant, he has 
worked with Fleet Mortgage 
Co., GE Capital Mortgage 
Services and Banc One 
Mortgage Corp. McCartin has 
a master's degree in systems 
technology from the Naval 
Postgraduate School and an 
MBA from Notre Dame. 

Jim Mclvin ('88 M.S.) was 
appointed CEO of Mazu 
Networks, .t network security 
software firm based in 
( Cambridge. Mass. I lis previous 
employers include Cisco 
Systems. Avid Technology 
and DEC. 

Ed Moffitt and his wife, Giulia, 
had a son, Joseph Edward 
Thomas, on Aug. 14, 2001. 

Frank Moizio has been with 
Texas Instruments for 1 6 years. 
He has 10 patents pending 
in the area of digital control 
and DSP. 

Susan Stidsen 
^ Nerkowski and 
\*J _^X het husband, Joe, 
announce the birth of their 
third child, Christopher 
Mitchell, born on May 3, 2002. 
Christopher joins his two 
btothers, Eric and Stephen, in 
their new home in Shrewsbury, 
Mass. Sue telecommutes to her 
quality consulting job at Pratt 
& Whitney in Connecticut. 

/"~\ F mm r Antony Koblish 

/ was appointed 
\*J / president and 
CEO of Orthovita Inc. of 
Malvern, Pa. He joined the 
orthopedic materials develop- 
ment firm in 1999 as vice presi- 
dent of worldwide marketing 
and served most recently as sen- 
ior vice president of commetcial 


Jorge Aguilar was 

elected to the 

National Congress in the coun- 
try's November 2001 elections. 
He represents a new political 
party, the social democratic 
PINU. His four-year term in 
office began in January. 

Cheryl (Hagglund) Cafrrey 

writes from Michigan, where 
she is enjoying lite with her 
husband. Peter; children, 
Matthew, 6, and Shaunna, 2 — 
and their 12 five-week-old 
chickens. "I currently work part 
time at the job 1 used to work 
lull time and am enjoying it 
very much. I run a wholesale 
organic produce group tor 
which 1 organize produce pur- 
chases lot .' i members. The 
profits go towards educational 

and retirement savings with 
some left tor Inn! Would love 
to hear Iront classmates!" 

Robert Michaud joined 
Meridian Engineering as vice 
president, transportation plan- 
ning and permitting, in August 
2002. He lives in Framingham, 
Mass., with his wife, Susan, and 
two daughters. 

Doug Willard married Brenda 
Kurtyka in February 2002. 
Shortly after the wedding, they 
accepted short-term assignments 
in support of operations 
Enduring Freedom and 
Southern Watch at Prince 
Sultan Air Base in Saudi 
Arabia — Brenda through her 
job in the Air Force, Doug 
through his project work with 
MITRE Corp. After their 
rerurn to the States this summer, 
they relocated to Yorktown, Va. 


Daniel Bruso, 

Esq., and his wife, 
Sandra, are pleased 
to announce the birth of their 
first child, Claire Elizabeth, on 
July 12, 2002. Bruso is a mem- 
ber of the litigation group at 
Cantor Colburn in Bloomfield, 
Conn., where he specializes 
in intellectual property and 
commercial matters. 

Joseph Cappuccio ('91 M.S. 
FPE) is the engineering manag- 
er for the Fairfax, Va., office 
of Rolf Jensen. His article on 
safety code development for 

existing buildings appeared in 
the March 2002 issue of 
Security Technology & Design. 

Danielle LaMarre married Paul 
DegnanonOcr. 13, 2001. She 
began a new job in November 
2000 as director of development 
at Caritas Carney Hospital in 
Dorchester, Mass., where she is 
responsible for fund raising, 
public relations, marketing and 
community relations for the 
200-bed hospital. 

Paul Savage lives in Millville, 
Mass., where he has been active 
in town government. 

Nick Carparelli, 

I who was profiled 
S \J ("Patriots point 
person") in the last issue of 
Transformations, has moved 
on from his job with the New 
England Patriots to become 
assistant commissioner for 
football for the Big East 
Conference. As the conference's 
primary contact for foorball, his 
responsibilities include working 
with coaches, athletic directors 
and bowl representatives on 
policy, scheduling, television 
coverage and operations. 
Teo Crofton married Elizaberh 
MacLaren on Sept. 29, 2001. 
He is a software engineet for 
LifeClips in Acton, Mass. 

Help your alma mater . . . 
and your employer 

Tap into the student resources available at WPI by recruiting 
on campus or by posting full-time, summer internship and 
co-op job opportunities on the WPI Web site. Learn how the 
knowledge of cutting-edge technology and global experi- 
ence provides our students with an edge as they enter 
the workplace. 

Let WPI's "intellectual capital" be your company's 
competitive advantage in today's marketplace. 

For more information, contact the WPI Career Development 
Center at 508-831-5260 or 

Terrence Flynn has been with 
the Massachusetts Water 
Resources Authority for 1 
years, specializing in sewer 
system design. He lives in 
Lakeville, Mass., with his wife, 

Patti Newcomer-Simmons 
received a 
promotion at 
Corp., from 
group man- 
ager to direc- 
tor of marketing research at the 
company's Richmond, Va., site. 
She received an MBA in mar- 
keting and international man- 
agement from the University of 
Cincinnati in 1998 and joined 
CapitalOne in 2000. 

Matthew Ronn and his wife, 
Alison, announce the arrival of 
Mason Alexander, born at home 
on March 3, 2002. He joins his 
2 '/2-year-old brother, Parker. 

Dennis Sullivan married 
Maura Sadlowski recently. He is 
a project manager at National 
Water Main Environmental in 

JeffYoder started a new posi- 
tion as assistant professor of 
biology ar the University of 
South Florida in Tampa this 
year. He will conrinue his 
research program in immuno- 
generics and genomics, utilizing 
the zebra fish as a model 
species, and will teach courses 
in genetics and advanced 


Ron Pokraka completes his 
30th Falmouth Road Race 

Neither rain, nor sleet, nor hip replacement 
surgery — nor prostate cancer — can stop Ron 
Pokraka '60, who has competed in the Falmouth 
Road Race every year since its inception in 
1 973, along with a small group of race veterans 
affectionately called the "Falmouth Five." This 
year, Pokraka used two canes to complete the 
seven-mile course on Aug. 1 1 , and managed to 
beat his goal of 2'/2 hours, despite pain and 
partial paralysis of his right leg. 

Pokraka, who played football and baseball at 
WPI, has run the Boston Marathon 20 times 
and used to complete the Falmouth race in a 

respectable 42 minutes. He competed in 2000 
only two months after surgery for prostate cancer 
("Just another bump in the road," he told Cape 
Cod Times sports editor Bill Higgins). This year, 
after the replacement of his right hip caused 
infection and nerve damage, Pokraka underwent 
a second operation to replace the artificial joint. 
He initially planned to enter the 2002 race in a 
wheelchair, but intense training and therapy 
enabled him to walk across the finish line . 

Pokraka was also the winner of the 2002 
Michael Denmark Award for significant 
achievement in the face of personal challenges. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 37 


Joseph Barbagallo 

was promoted to 
senior associate at 
Malcolm Pirnie Inc., an envi- 
ronmental consulting firm in 
White Plains, N.Y. 

Congratulations to Carl 
Crawford, who was named 
Vetmont's Young Engineer for 
2002. He is a senior project 
engineer, director of construc- 
tion services and part owner of 
Otter Creek Engineering in East 

Amber (Chorna) Herrick and 

her husband had their first 
child, a girl named Denali Rose, 
in January 2002. They live in 
Scottsdale, Ariz. 

Scott Plichta writes, "My wife, 
Sharon, and I welcomed into 
our hearts and lives Matthew 
Joseph and Emily Grace on 
Nov. 7, 2001. Sharon was on 
bed rest for four-and-a-half 
months of het pregnancy, but 
she is fine, and the twins artived 
happy and healthy. We certainly 
couldn't have asked for a better 
outcome! I am currently 
employed as director of infor- 
mation services at Bentley 
Systems in Exton, Pa., and fly 
hot air balloons in my spare 
time (what's that!?!)." 

y"V /^ Kevin Chin 

received an MBA 
^S ^t» ' from George 
Washington Univetsity on May 
19, 2002. This complements his 
master's degree in systems engi- 
neering and his bachelor's 
degree in electrical engineering. 
He is currently a senior techni- 
cal architect at Lockheed 
Martin in the D.C. metropoli- 
tan area. 

Concetta DePaolo received her 
Ph.D. in operations research 
from Rutgers University in 
2002. She and her husband, 
David Rader, welcomed their 
first child, Megan Elizabeth, on 
July 8, 2002. Concetta is an 
assistant professor at the School 
or Business at Indiana State 
I nivcrsiry. 

Heidi Schellenger was 

appointed executive ditectot of 
Lancaster Farmland Trust in 
Lancaster, Pa. She has been 
with the trust for four years and 
was insttumental in preserva- 
tion of a tecord 23 farms last 
year, through granr writing, 
fund raising and assisting farm- 
ers with the easement process. 

Donald Wyse and Jennifer 
Shiel '94 were married Oct. 5, 
2001. The wedding party 
included Richard Willett '91, 
Lyle Coghlin '92, Gayle 
(Sanders) Reh '94 and Becky 
(Kiluk) Miller '95, in addition 
to 25 other alumni guests. Jen 
works for GE and Don, who 
graduated from Suffolk 
University Law School last year, 
works for William A. Berry & 
Son. They live in Nahant, 
Mass. ' 


Matthew Boutell 

is working on a 
Ph.D. in comput- 
er science at the University of 
Rochester, focusing on semantic 
image classification. He and his 
wife, Leah, had a baby girl on 
May 31. Elise joins her broth- 
ers, Jonathan, 3, and Caleb, 2. 

Gregory Loukedes married 
Laura Vlahou in Palaio Faliro, 
Greece, on Sept. 7, 2001. In 
attendance at the ceremony 
were his WPI roommates, John 
Boska and Scott Burbank, as 
well as close friends Stefan 
Kotsonis '94 and Vasilis 
Hadjieleftheriadis '95. Laura is 
a chemistry teachet and 
Gregory is joint managing 
director of E.G. Loukedes, a 
family-owned ship agency in 
Piraeus, Greece. 

Phil and Rhonda (Ring) 
Marks announce the birth of 
their second child, Charlotte, 
on Nov. 23, 200 1 . Big sister, 
Caroline, 2, is quite excited 
about her new sister. They 
moved to the Detroit area 
because of a job change tor Phil 
within his company, federal 

Hats Off to FPE Alums 

The Society of Fire Protection Engineers recently honored several 
alumni of WPI's fire protection engineering program. 

Kathy Notarianni '86 (M.S. FPE '88), leader of the Integrated 
Performance Assessment Group at the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology's Building and Fire Research Laboratory, was elected 
a fellow. 

Thomas Capul '91 of Cerberus AG in Maennedorf, Switzerland, 
won an SPFE Service Award for his six years of service on the SPFE 
Qualification Board. 

Jane Lataille '75, a fire protection engineer at the Los Alamos 
National Laboratory, won the Society's D. Peter Lund Award for her 
contributions to the recognition of the profession, including her volunteer 
work with young people through the NSPE Mathcounts Program. 

The National Fire Protection Association awarded Fire Safety 
Educational Memorial Scholarships to Jay lerardi '97 (M.S. FPE '99) 
and his fellow FPE doctoral candidate Keum-Ran Choi. 

Robert Rosenblatt received the 
degree of doctor of osteopathic 
medicine from the Philadelphia 
College of Osteopathic 
Medicine in June 2002. He is 
now launched on his profes- 
sional career and will begin his 
graduate medical training soon. 


On Sept. 3, 
2002— the day 
that Napstet lost 

its bankruptcy case in court, 
Scott Krause, who held the 
position of seniot product 
managet, wrote to inform 
Transformations that "my small 
role in the Napster story has 
come to its final end." Scott was 
part of the 1990s Silicon Valley 
gold rush described by journal- 
ist Po Bronson in The Nudist on 
the Late Shift and Other True 
Tales of Silicon Valley. A con- 
densed vetsion of the book was 
published in Wired magazine, 
with Scott on the cover. 

Bob Mason is a senior software 
architect for ATG (Art 
Technology Group) in 
Cambridge, Mass. 

John Stanavich and his wite. 
Heather, had a daughter. I mma 
Joanna, on May Id. 2001 . I hc\ 
are renovating an old home in 
Chelsea. Mich. |ohn works .is a 
(Modus I engines! .it I R\\ 


Derek and 
"X Cynthia 
_^/ (Stachura) Adams 

are proud to announce the 
arrival of theit daughter, 
Charlotte Piper, on July 9, 
2002. Charlotte was born at 
7:44 p.m. and weighed in at 8 
pounds, 7 ounces. They live in 
Schwenksville, Pa. 

Jeffrey Collemer married 
Rebecca Baker in Bristol, R.I., 
on July 20, 2002. In attendance 
at the ceremony were Greg 
LeBlanc, Hud Quistorff, Todd 
Giaquinto '96 and James 
Rogers '96. Rebecca owns a fit- 
ness gym, and Jeff is a software 
engineer with American Power 
Conversion. They live in 
Cumberland, R.I. 

Rob and Stacey (Watrous) 
Jackson announce the birth of 
their daughter. Megan Sarah, on 
Dec. 24, 2001. Rob is a project 
engineer with Nexus Technical 
Services, and Stacey is a product 
manager with 1'LEXcon. They 
live in Holden. M.iss. 

Joy I.aPointe and Adam Clark 

^^^^^^5^^l married May 

I w 

L. ^^J I Center. 
[• ] | story p. 39) 

Matthew Tcssicr married 

I auric Finkle recently. I le 
works loi Ml )R i onstruction 
in Tewksbury, Mass. 

38 Transformation! I Fall '" I 

%N. Harrison 
Ripps has joined 
the Massachusetts 
Army National Guard. After 
completing 10 weeks of basic 
training, he will ship out to 
Fort Knox, Ky., after which he 
will begin Officer Candidate 
School. Unofficial sources say 
that Mr. Ripps is trying to 
keep up with Tom Carr, who 
received his officer's commission 
with the Navy Reserve earlier 
this year. 

Sean Squire is an engineer 
for the Advanced Systems 
Development Branch of the 
Naval Undersea Warfare 
Center in Newport, R.I. 

Larry Jones is 

principal of Aegis 
Management, a 
private management consulting 
company. He was recently 
appointed to the board of 
Fulcrum Analytics. 


Lena (Eleni) 
Bottos is a 

market analyst for 
She recently co-authored an 
article on "The New Salary 
Negotiation," for Compensation 
dr Benefits Review. 

Erica Dziczek works for 
Betatherm Corp. in Shrewbury, 
Mass. She recently returned to 
Tahanto Regional, her high 
school alma mater, to talk with 
students in the Science Mentor 
program about her education at 
WPI and her career. 

Jens-Peter Kaps biked cross- 
country from Yorktown, Va., to 
San Francisco, Calif. An online 
account of his travels is posted 
/index.html. Jens is back at 
WPI, continuing his graduate 
studies in the ECE department. 

Kenneth Knowles married 
Kelly Martel recently. He is a 
civil engineer at Meridian 
Engineering in Danvers, Mass. 

Michael Sale ins competed in 
the Mount Washington Road 
Race in June. He lives in South 
Windsor, Conn., and works for 

Just One Night Helps 
Keep WPI in Sight 

Can you devote one night a year to help WPI raise its visibility? We'd like to 
have the university represented at a record number of high school college fairs 
this year, and we're hoping you can represent us at your local school. 

College fairs, usually held on weeknights, are like trade shows. Representatives 
from a number of colleges stand behind tables, handing out college literature 
and answering questions from students and their parents. Designated alumni 
are typically welcome to stand in for admissions staff members. 

Before you go, the Admissions Office will mail you updated information, a 
supply of admissions brochures and catalogs, and a banner to display on your 
table. If you enjoy the experience, you might consider joining the 500-member 
Alumni Admissions organization, which not only covers college nights but 
assists at hotel information sessions and contacts students and parents. 

To get the phone number for a school near you, or to learn more about the 
Alumni Admissions program, contact Michael Smith, coordinator of Alumni 
Admissions, at 

Nilufer Saltuk became engaged 
to Paul Soucek Jr. in June. They 
are planning a May 2003 wed- 
ding in Denver, which will 
include many out-of-town 
guests from Rhode Island, 
Massachusetts, California, 
Turkey, Yemen, France and 

Keith Wilkinson married 
Christina Butler recently. He is 
a mechanical design engineer 
with Pratt & Whitney. They 
live in Portsmouth, N.H. 


Kat Damaso 

completed a 
master's degree 
in professional writing at the 
University of Massachusetts 
Dartmouth. After receiving 
her degree, she headed back 
to Wotcester and was hired as 
a marketing and product man- 
age! at Checketboard Ltd. 
(, designers and 
manufacturers of fine stationery, 
located in West Boylston. 

Jayesh Govindarajan lives in 
San Diego and works at Oracle. 

First Campus Center wedding unites alumni couple 

"From the start of our planning for the big day, we were determined 
to have our wedding at a unique and meaningful location," say 
Joy LaPointe '95 and Adam Clark '97, who were married at 
WPI's Campus Center on May 1 1 , 2002. The couple, who met after 
college, initially considered using Higgins House for the wedding 
reception. "After walking through the newly constructed Campus 
Center, however, our decision was final. The Campus Center is truly 
the shining jewel of the campus, and we were thrilled to share it with 
our family and friends, many of whom are also WPI alumni." 

One section of the Odeum was set up as a chapel, and the other two 
were decorated for the reception. To further the WPI feeling, guests 
were seated at tables named after significant campus buildings, with 
cards describing the buildings' histories and the couple's ties to each 
location. 'The staff went out of its way to make the first Campus 
Center wedding perfect," the couple says, "and we are grateful for all 
their hard work. It was truly the best day of our lives, and we are so 
proud to have been the first couple married there." 

The newlywed couple with alumni friends 

Transformations I Fall 2002 39 

Ryan Metivier 
I married Dina 
V^/ \*r Putnam last year. 
He works for Analog Devices 
in Wilmington, Mass., while 
pursuing a master's degree in 
the ECE depattment. 

John Mock was nominated 
for a Barrymore Award for 
Outstanding Sound Design 
for the Bristol (Pa.) Riverside 
Theater's production of "The 

Victoria Valentine ('02 M.S. 
FPE) has been working for 
the National Fire Sprinkler 
Association since graduation. 
She holds the post of products 
standards manager in the 
agency's Patterson, N.Y., head- 
quarters. Victoria was profiled 
in the May 2002 issue of 
FPC/Fire Protection Contractor 
in its "Women at Work" fea- 

Maria Vassilieva is living in 
Belgium and working on a 

Nathan Wilfert and Sarah 
Snow were united in marriage 
on June 1, 

works at 
Microsoft as 
a software 
design engi- 
neer, and Sarah works as a sen- 
ior consultant for Experio 
Solutions in Seattle. They teside 
in Redmond, Wash., and take 
advantage of the biking, rock 
climbing and hiking right out- 
side their front door. 


Jason Ferschke 

was officially 
sworn in as the 
newest full-time firefighter in 
Auburn, Mass. After living 
and serving with other WPI 
students at the West Auburn 
station, he joined ET&L 
Construction after graduation, 
but jumped at the chance to 
become a full-time member 
of the Auburn force. 

Michael Jacene married Sara 
Trahan last year. Their daughter, 
Megan Rae, was born on May 
7, 2002. Michael is a mechani- 
cal design engineer at EBI in 
Parsippany, N.J. 

Lt. Nicholas Macsata 

graduated from the Army 
Quartermaster Officer Basic 
Course at Fort Lee in 
Petersburg, Va. 

Ryan Wilbur and Elaine Kelly 
were married Dec. 29, 2001, in 
Ireland. They live in Ballybrit, 
Galway, where Ryan works for 
Manufacturer's Services Ltd. 

/~\ /^ Maria Bezubic is 

deputy command- 
\^f Jmml er of the Army 
1 5th Signal Brigade at Fort 
Gordon in Georgia. 

Kim Morin is a biotechnology 
researcher working on her mas- 
ter's thesis at the U.S. Army 
Natick Laboratory. 

Matt Arner '98 Finds the 
Humanity in Technology 

Matthew Arner's search for a humanitarian 
career took him to Kathmandu, Nepal (see 
photo), where in 2001 he consulted with 
Wisdom Light Group, a private business 
dedicated to delivering solar photovoltaic 
energy to a remote rural population. In 
May 2002 he received a master's degree in 
sustainable international development from 
Brandeis University. He now works as an 
independent renewable energy and energy 
efficiency contractor in the Boston area. 

"'Sustainable Development' means poverty 
alleviation, human rights protection, nature 
conservation, disaster relief and humanitari- 
an aid," Arner explains. "Combine these 
words with an engineering degree and you 
arrive at 'Appropriate Technology,' a subsection of the wide-ranging 
development field. 

"More than 50 years ago, Einstein said, 'It has become increasingly 
clear that our technology has exceeded our humanity.' Just like the 
IQP, Appropriate Technology aims to improve quality of life while 
carefully considering the effects on other aspects of society," says 
Arner. "WPI doesn't just produce well-rounded engineers; it produces 
well-rounded people, who want to use their degree to explore entirely 
new fields. That is the secret excitement of a WPI degree." 

Read Arner's full account of his quest for an "appropriate" career 
and see more photos online at 

Graduate Management 

Bob D'Amico '91 (MBA) lives 
in Northborough, Mass., with 
his wife, Christie. He is a gradu- 
ate student in computer science 
at Clark University. 

Larry Fox '97 (MBA) is corpo- 
rate director of purchasing tor 
Genlyte Thomas Group LLC. 

School of Industrial 


Bernie Jwaszewski '87 lives in 
Barre, Mass., where he has been 
active in town government. 

Get in touch with fellow international alumni... and help future alumni 

AISA (the Alliance of International Students and Alumni) is a new 
WPI organization dedicated to creating a community for today's 
international alumni — and tomorrow's. Its aim is to promote 
networking among international alumni and to help them communicate 
more effectively with their alma mater. For students, AISA will serve 
as a bridge between academia and the professional world. 

To accomplish these goals, AISA hosts professional seminars, reunions 
and social events for international alumni, and conducts a mentorship 
program and workshops that connect alumni with students. And, its 
virtual presence on the Web enables alumni to participate, no matter 
what corner of the globe they call home. 

For more information and to sign up, visit 

40 Transformation! I Fall 2002 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of John L. 
Mooshian '29 of Albertson, 
N.Y., in 2000. A former engi- 
neer for the federal govern- 
ment's General Services 
Administration in New York 
City, he retired in 1972. 
He and his wife, Ruth (Arnett), 
had a son and three 
daughters. Mooshian moved 
to Sacramento, Calif., after 
retirement and later returned 
to New York to live with 
his son. 

George Rak '31 of Rocky Hill, 
Conn., died in 2000. Rak 
worked for several Hartford- 
area businesses before joining 
the aircraft division of Prart & 
Whitney in 1971. He was a for- 
mer class agent. Transformations 
recently learned of his death. 

Harold D. Burt '33 of Virginia 
Beach, Va., 
died March 
4, 2002. 
by his wife, 

in 1986, he leaves several nieces 
and nephews. Burt designed 
dams and flood-control projects 
as a civilian engineer for the 
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 
for more than 30 years. A 
Presidenrial Founder, he 
endowed the Hatold D. and 
Lydia W Burt Scholarship. He 
belonged to Sigma Xi. 

J. Leonard Burnett '34 of 
Concord, N.H., died Feb. 21, 
2002. He lost his wife, Gerda, 
in 2001, and is survived by a 
son, two daughters, seven 
grandchildren and one great- 
grandchild. Burnett's love of 
books led him to a career in 
printing that included Ginn & 
Co., Little, Btown and Co., 
Contempo Comp, and All 
Languages Graphics, from 
which he retired as president. 

Alumni who wish to make contributions in memory 

of classmates and friends may contact the office of 

Development and University Relations at WPI. 

Elijah B. Romanoff '34 of 

Mass., died 
Nov. 24, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Louise 
(Parker), and 
several nieces and nephews. 
Romanoff earned a medical 
degree from Tufts University. A 
longtime chemistry teacher at 
Shrewsbury High School, he 
previously served as a program 
director for rhe National 
Science Foundation and a sen- 
ior scientist at the Worcester 
Center for Experimental 
Biology. Romanoff received the 
NSF's Silvet Medal for 
Excellence in 1982 and 
authored many articles in scien- 
tific journals. 

Theron M. Cole '35 died Oct. 
5, 2001, at his home in 
Holden, Mass. He leaves his 
wife, M. Elizabeth (Reese), four 
sons, six grandchildren and two 
great-grandchildren. Cole 
rented from Parker Metal Corp. 
in 1990 as vice president of 
engineering, research and devel- 
opment. He belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Trustee Emeritus C. Marshall 
Dann '35, a former head of the 
federal Patent and Trademark 
Office, died April 24, 2002. 
Dann began his career as a 
chemist at E.I DuPont de 
Nemours & Co. in 1935. After 
earning a law degree at the 
University of Georgia in 1949, 
he worked his way up to chief 
patent counsel. He was appoint- 
ed commissioner of patents and 
trademarks by President 
Richard M. Nixon and served 
from 1974 to 1977. He retired 
from the law firm of Dann, 

Dorfman, Herrel & Skillman 
some 20 years later. 

Predeceased by his wife, 
Cathatine, Dann leaves a son, 
three daughtets and seven 
grandchildren. A Goddard and 
Taylor award recipient, he was 
elected to the Board of Ttustees 
in 1974. He established the 
Marshall and Cathatine Dann 
Scholarship Fund in 1999. 

Raymond J. Quenneville '35 

of Southfield, Mich., died Aug. 
25, 2001. He leaves his wife, 
Marion (Lirtle), a son, two 
daughters, seven grandchildren 
and five great-grandchildren. 
Quenneville was rhe rerired vice 
president of Cunningham-Limp 
Co. He belonged to Phi Kappa 
Theta and Sigma Xi. 

Gordon S. Swift Si. '35 of 

Northampton, Mass., died Jan. 
8, 2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Ethel 
(Davis), two 
sons, three 
dren and two 
great-grandchildren. Swift and 
his wife founded two well- 
known Northampton establish- 
ments, the Laura Girard Shop 
and EmpsalPs Sport Shop, 
which they ran until their 
retirement in 1987. He 
belonged ro Theta Chi. 

William J. Kosciak '36 died 

Feb. 18, 2002, at his home in 
Westborough, Mass. His wife, 
Irene (Kaminski) died in 1992. 
Survivors include two daughters 
and four grandchildren. Kosciak 
was a rerired industrial engineer 
for General Motors Corp. 

Jacob A. Sacks '36 of 

Shrewsbury, Mass., died Aug. 

20, 2001. He 
lost his wife, 
Edith (Reed), 
in 1995. 
include a 
nephews and nieces. A Navy 
engineer, Sacks was in charge of 
quality control for shipbuilding 
projects. He belonged to Alpha 
Epsilon Pi. 

James B. Patch Jr. '37 of 

Lewiston, N.Y., died Jan 8, 
2001. He 
leaves his 

two sons and 
a daughter. 
Patch retired 

from the Electro Minerals 

Division of Standatd Oil with 

41 years of service. 

Richard W. Cloues '38 of 

Millbrae, Calif, died July 28, 
200 1 . He was the husband of 
Doris (Dickinson) Cloues and 
the farher of Stephen L. Cloues 
'65. Also surviving are three 
orher sons and eight grandchil- 
dren. Cloues was retired from 
Bechtel Civil and Minerals Co. 
He joined the company in 1965 
and served in its Venezuela and 
Saudi Arabia divisions. A 
Presidential Founder and life- 
time membet of the Presidents 
Advisory Council, he estab- 
lished the Richard W Cloues 
Family Scholarship Fund. 

Carl F. Fritch Jr. '40 of Glen 
Ellyn, 111., died May 18, 2001. 
His wife, 
(Lloyd), sur- 
vives, along 
with a son 
and a daugh- 
ter. Fritch 
was rerired from Liquid Air 
Corp. He belonged to Phi 
Gamma Delta, Skull and Tau 
Beta Pi. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 4 1 

Richard T. Messinger '40 of 

Yarmouthport and Norwell, 
Mass., died Feb. 1,2002. 
He leaves his wife, Luverne 
(Hickish), three sons, seven 
grandchildren and a great 
grandchild. A retired insurance 
broker and executive, he found- 
ed Richard T. Messinger Co. 
Messinger belonged to Alpha 
Tau Omega and the Alden 

Anthony J. White Sr. '40 of 
Auburn, Mass., died Aug. 15, 
2002. Predeceased by his wife, 
Amelia "Mimi" (Yankus), in 
1999, he leaves two sons, three 
grandchildren and a grear- 
granddaughter. White was 
a resident engineer for the 
Massachusetts Depattment 
of Public Wotks for 34 years 
before retiring in 1982. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of Nathan L. 
Bachelder '41 in 1997. A grad- 
uate of the University of 
Michigan, he married Eleanor 
Minifie in 1941 and worked as 
a machine engineering consult- 
ant. He belonged to Theta Chi. 

Benjamin S. Bean '41 of 

Grafton, Mass., died Nov. 29, 
2001. His wife, Mildred 
(Hitchings), and a daughter sur- 
vive. Bean was a retired process 
engineer at FLEXcon Co. and 
previously worked for Processed 
Heating Co. 

Albert G. Bellos '41 of Glens 
Falls, N.Y, 
died July 9, 
2001. He is 
survived by 
his wife, 

rwo sons, a daughter and five 
grandchildren. A basketball star 
and member of WPI's first 
undefeated football team, he 
won letters in those sports and 
in baseball. He was posthu- 
mously inducted into the 
Athletic Hall of Fame at 
Homecoming 2002 (see page 
»). Bellos joined Sandy Hill 

4 2 Transformation! I Fall 2002 

Corp. in 1946 as a draftsman 
and worked his way up to vice 
president of engineering and 
president of Sandy Hill South. 
He was a member of Skull. 
Edward W. McGuiness '41 of 
Hamilton, Mass., died Oct. 27, 
2001. A graduate of Tufts 
University, he earned his mas- 
ter's degree in chemistry from 
WPI. His work for General 
Electric, Raytheon and Bacon 
Industries resulted in several 
patents. He is survived by his 
wife, Ellen (Brennan), three 
sons and four daughters. 

Carl E. Nystrom '41 of Bolton, 
Conn., died Sept. 10, 2001. He 
leaves his wife, Elsie (Kangas), a 
son, a daughter and four grand- 
children. He worked for Pratt 
& Whitney Aircraft Co. for 
many years and was later self 

Edward W. Pacek '41 of 

Worcester died Feb. 3, 2002. 
Survivors include his wife, 
Jeanne (Connelly), a son and a 
grandson. He was predeceased 
by his first wife, Helen 
(Kotomiski), after 48 years of 
marriage, and by a daughter. A 
graduate of Northeastern 
University, Pacek served as a 
pilor, flight instructor and 
squadron commander during 
World War II and retired from 
the Navy in 1959. He headed 
the Worcester Chamber of 
Commerce and received 
national tecognition for his 
work in bringing the University 
of Massachusetts Medical 
School and Quinsigamond 
Community College to the area. 
He later served as executive 
director of the Rhode Island 
Tourist Travel Association and 
marketing director of Rocky 
Point Park. He belonged to 
Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Edward Alvin Rich '41 of 

Lake, Calif., 
died Aug. 8, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Shirley, 
and two 
sons. He was the retired vice 
president of General Monirors 
and previously worked for Texas 

Ronald J. Borrup '42 of South 
Calif., died 
Aug. 29, 
2001. He is 
survived by 
his wife, 

(Petetson), a son, two daugh- 
tets, six grandchildren and a 
great-granddaughter. He was 
predeceased by his former wife, 
Helen (Hollister), and a son. A 
retired manufacturer's represen- 
tative, Borrup was the founder 
of Rongo Co. and EHF 
Industries, and founding part- 
ner and presidenr of Electro- 
Flex Heat Inc. He belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Henry A. Parzick '43 of 

Wallingford, Pa., died Aug. 9, 
2001. His 
wife, Helen 
died in 
1985. He is 
survived by 
two sons and 
four grandchildren. Parzick was 
an engineer for Wesringhouse 
Electtic for 38 years. He 
belonged to Phi Kappa Theta. 

Robert S. Schedin '43 (SIM 
'57) of Spencer, Mass., died 
Jan. 1 1 , 2002. He was the hus- 
band of Dorothy Lowell 
Schedin and the father of David 
W. Schedin '82. He also leaves a 
son, two daughters, six grand- 
children and a great-grandchild. 
Schedin was director of engi- 
neering at Crompton & 
Knowles Corp. tor many years 
and later served as president 
and < hiel executive officer of 

Fairlawn Hospital. He received 
I lie l l )85 Albert |. Vhwicgei 

Earl F. Harris '44 died 
Nov. 8, 2001, at his home in 
Gteenfield, Mass. He leaves his 
wife, Dorothy (Dunham), a 
son, a daughter and a grand- 
daughter. He also leaves his for- 
mer wife, Glenys M. Harris. He 
was predeceased by a daughter 
in 1980. Harris was retired as 
chairman of Rodney Hunt Co. 
He joined the company in 1946 
and became president in 1956, 
the fourth generation of his 
family to hold the post. He 
belonged to Theta Chi. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death 
of Ralph D. 

'44 in 1999. 
A resident of 
Lititz, Pa., he 
worked for 
the York Division of Borg- 
Warner Corp. and belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha. 

William E. Stone '44 of Norrh 
Falmouth, Mass., died Nov. 15, 
2001. He leaves his wife, 
Patricia (Crane), four sons, six 
daughters and 18 grandchil- 
dren. His first wife, Rena 
(McAffee), died in 1959. Stone 
was a sales representative for the 
Prudential Insurance Co. for 30 
years. A graduate of Clark 
University, he belonged to Phi 
Kappa Theta and Skull. 

Martin R. Flink Jr. '45 of 

Chicago died Jan. 9, 2002. He 
and his wife, 
Helen, had 
two children. 
Flink retired 
from Amoco 
and became 
of the International Linker 
Indemnity Association Ltd.. 
based in Bermuda. He belonged 
to Phi Sigma Kappa and Skull. 

Eugene C Logan '45 of 
Trenton, N.J.. died Aug. 10, 
2001. His wile. Mary, survives. 

1 ogan «as the retired general 
manager ol consirui tion lor 

Public Service Electric and Gas 

( o. 1 le served on tile lech 

( ouncil ami belonged i" 

\s\|| . 

Charles Oickle Jr. '45 of New 
Britain, Conn., died Nov. 17, 
200 1 . He is survived by his 
wife, Carol (Olsen), a son, a 
daughter and three grandchil- 
dren. He was predeceased by a 
daughter. Oickle was retired as 
manager of research engineering 
for United Technologies 
Research Division, where he 
worked for 33 years. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha, 
Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi. 

William W. Robinson '45 of 

Rockport, Maine, died Dec. 1 1, 
2001. He leaves his wife, 
Carolyn, two sons and two 
daughters. Robinson was a 
senior civil engineer with the 
Massachusetts Department of 
Public Works. He belonged to 
Phi Gamma Delta. 

Former WPI ttustee Edward 
R. Funk '46 of Worthington, 
Ohio, died Dec. 4, 2002. 
Husband of Ingebotg (Peitz) 
and father of Daniel A. Funk 
77, he also leaves a daughter, a 
stepson, a stepdaughter and 
eight grandchildren. Funk was 
chairman of Superconductive 
Components Inc., which he 
founded with Inge in 1988. 
They previously founded and 
ran Funk Fine Cast and 
Danninger Medical Co. Funk 
served as a trustee from 1985 to 
1996 and was a member of the 
President's Advisory Council. 
He belonged to Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, Skull, Sigma Xi and 
Tau Beta Pi. 

Harris J. DuFresne '47 of 

Mich., died 
Nov. 30, 
His wife, 
Eleanor, sur- 
vives him. 
DuFresne was a retired field 
service engineer for Siemens- 
Allis. He belonged to Phi 
Kappa Theta, Tau Beta Pi 
and Pi Delta Epsilson. 

Robert H. Hinckley '47 of 

Mass., died 
Nov. 12, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Betsy 
a son, three daughters, seven 
grandchildren, two step-grand- 
children and four great-grand- 
children. Hinckley received an 
MBA from Harvard University. 
His career in aerospace engi- 
neering included positions with 
the Raytheon, RCA and 
Burroughs corporations, and 
NASA's Electronics Research 
Center. He also managed air- 
port and rail noise-abatement 
programs for the Federal 
Transportation Systems Center. 

Arthur W. Collins '48 of 

Lancaster, Pa., died Dec. 17, 
2001. A parent attorney in the 
procurement department of the 
Philadelphia Naval Base, he 
held a law degree from Temple 
University. After retiring from 
government service in 1975, he 
practiced family law at the 
Delaware County Legal 
Assistance Office. Surviving are 
his wife, Joyce (Christensen), 
four sons, a daughter and nine 
grandchildren. Collins belonged 
to Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Tau 
Beta Pi and Skull. 

George Goshgarian '48 of East 




Mass., died 

f ) 

Nov. 3, 

M $3% $& 

2001. He 

% <~ 

leaves his 


wife, Isabel 



two sons, a daughter and two 
grandchildren. Goshgarian was 
retired as chief mechanical engi- 
neer for The Torrington Co., a 
division of Ingersoll-Rand. 

Romeo J. Ventres '48 of New 

Conn., died 
Dec. 25, 

by his wife, 

(Chapman), he is survived by 
two sons, five daughters and 15 
grandchildren. Ventres was the 
retired chief executive officer of 
Borden Inc. A recipient of the 
1988 Robert H. Goddard 
Alumni Award for Outstanding 
Ptofessional Achievement, he 
was a member of the President's 
Advisory Council, Tau Beta 
Kappa and Phi Kappa Theta. 

Roger K. Kane '49 of Hudson, 
Mass., died Jan. 18,2002. He 
leaves his wife, Shirley 
(Cummings), three sons, three 
daughters and nine grandchil- 
dren. Along with his late broth- 
er, Alden, Kane founded a con- 
crete business and built Kane 
Industrial Park. He also estab- 
lished Kane Self-Storage. 

Murad Piligian '49 of 

Needham, Mass., died June 2, 
2001. His wife, Dorothy, sur- 
vives, along with four children. 
Piligian was a retired U.S. Air 
Force deputy commander, tacti- 
cal systems. He belonged to the 
Alden Society. 

Mack J. Prince '49 of West 
Kingston, R.I., died Oct. 8, 

2001. Survivors include his 
wife, Jane, two sons and a 
daughter. Prince was a professor 
emeritus of electrical engineer- 
ing at the University of Rhode 
Island, where he had taught 
since 1955- He belonged to 
Alpha Epsilon Pi, Sigma Xi and 
Tau Beta Pi. 

Robert F. Shannon '50 of 

Worcester died March 13, 

2002. He spent his 38-year 
career as a chemical engineer at 
Pfizer Co., most recently as 
chairman of developmental 
research safety at the company's 
Central Research Laboratories. 
He earned his master's in chem- 

ical engineering from WPI in 
1951 and was a Presidential 
Founder. He is survived by 
his brother, Paul E. Shannon, 
of Worcester. 

John M. Tomasz '51 of 

Amesbury, Mass., died Nov. 7, 

2001. The chief project 
engineer for the Boston 
Redevelopment Authority 
until his retirement in 1989, 
he oversaw the waterfront, 
Charlestown, North Station 
and Columbia Point projects. 
A World War II veteran, he 
received the Distinguished 
Flying Cross, among other 
honors. Tomasz leaves his wife, 
Eleanor M. (Little), three 
daughtets, two sons and nine 
grandchildren. He belonged 

to Alpha Tau Omega. 

Philip B. Crommelin Jr. '52 

of Stanton, N.J., died Jan. 1, 

2002. He owned a consulting 
business in electrostatic precipi- 
tation. Crommelin held four 
parents on air pollution control 
devices and authored many 
papers on the subject. An offi- 
cer and director of EPSCO Inc., 
EPSCO International Ltd. and 
Southampton Holding Co., 

he was recognized in 1998 as 
an international fellow by the 
International Society for 
Electrostatic Ptecipitation. He 
leaves his wife, Ruth (Miller), a 
daughter and a grandson. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

John F. Mitchell '53 (SIM) of 
Hopkinton, Mass., died April 9, 
2002. He was 82. He was the 
husband of Mary (Render), and 
the brother of Paul M. Mitchell 
'57 (SIM). He also leaves three 
daughters, five grandchildren 
and two great-grandchildren. 
Mitchell was a former treasurer 
and a director of Reed Rolled 
Thread Die Co., where he 
worked for 26 years. He also 
attended Bentley School of 
Accounting and received a 
master's degree from Harvard 
Business School. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 43 

Earl W. Shaw Jr. '53 (SIM) of 

Medfield, Mass., died Jan., 14, 
2002, leaving his wife, Bette 
(Stewart), five daughters and 
1 1 grandchildren. He was 
86. With degrees from 
Northeastern University and 
WPI's School of Industrial 

O Management, Shaw built a 

career in engineering, first at 
Standard Car Manufacturing 
Co. and Pratt and Whitney 
Aircraft, later at Bird Machine 
Co., where he was a senior vice 
president when he retired in 
1982. Shaw also served in the 
Navy during World War II and 
in the Naval Reserve before 
retiring as captain in 1963. 

Richard A. Loomis '55, a 

retired General Electric employ- 
ee, Navy veteran, and avid 
model railroader, died in East 
Harwich, Mass., Dec. 3, 2001. 
He leaves his wife, Betty, three 
sons and five grandchildren. A 
member of Lambda Chi Alpha, 
he earned a master's degree in 
electrical engineering at WPI 
in 1962 and an MBA from 
Syracuse University in 1974. 
He worked for GE for 33 years. 
He was a member of the 
NMRA, the Nauset Model 
Railroad Club and the B&M 
Railroad Historical Society. 

Murray A. Cappers Jr. '57 of 

Long Valley, N.J., died Aug. 27, 
2002. He was a managing 
consultant, risk control strate- 
gies, for Marsh USA., Inc. 
and previously worked for 
Factory Insurance Association 
and Allied Signal Inc. A long- 
time member of WPI's Fire 
Protection Engineering 
Advisory Board and a fellow of 
the Society of Fire Protection 
Engineers, he was also active 
in the National Fire Protection 
Association. He leaves his wife, 
Peggy (Johns), a son, a daugh- 
ter, and two grandchildren. 
His other son, J. Christopher 
Cappers, died Sept. 1 1, 2002, 
in the World Trade Center 

Edward J. Foley '57 of 

Mass., died 
Jan. 8, 2002. 
A chemical 
engineer with 
a master's in 
business from 
Clark University, Foley worked 
at Norton Co. for 32 years, 
retiring as assistant treasurer in 
1990. He served in the Army, 
and for many years taught busi- 
ness courses at Quinsigamond 
Community College. He is 
survived by his wife, Kathleen 
(Docherty), six daughters and 
10 grandchildren. He belonged 
to Phi Gamma Delta. 

Carl J. Kennen '57 (SIM) of 
Worcester died Oct. 18, 2001, 
at the age of 85. He leaves his 
wife, Bernice (Blood), and two 
daughters. A World War II 
veteran and a Mason, he 
worked at Coes Knife Co. 
for 43 years, retiring in 1980 
as superintendent. 

Robert J. Dunn '58 of 

Phoenix, Ariz., died Jan. 27, 
2002. Before earning his 
mechanical engineering degree, 
he served in the Air Force, and 
later obtained a master's in 
political science from Syracuse 
University. He worked at 
Rockwood Sprinkler and for the 
Public Administration Service 
in Chicago, before becoming an 
engineer for the city of Phoenix. 
He retired in 1994 after 22 
years. He is survived by two 
brothers and a sister. He 
belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

P. D. (Dave) Edwards '59 of 

Washington, Texas, died Aug. 9, 
2001 . He leaves his wife, 
Alberta "Bertie" (Kauzmann), a 
daughter, two sons and 6 grand- 
children. Edwards managed 
operations for chemical plants 
throughout the country and 
retired in 1993 as a project 
manager from Quantum 
Chemical (formerly Chemplex 
Co.). He belonged to Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon. 

David A. Evensen '59 of 

Mission Viejo, Calif, died June 
30, 2002. He leaves his wife, 
Joanne, a son, two daughters 
and five grandchildren. A for- 
mer professor and chair of the 
Aerospace and Mechanical 
Engineering Deparrment at 
Northrop University, his career 
included research positions at 
TRW, Hughes Aircraft and the 
J.H. Wiggins Co., as well as 
Army service at NASA/Langley 
Research Center. Evensen held 
numerous patents and was 
widely published in his field. 
He received his master's degree 
and doctorate from the 
California Institute of 
Technology and belonged to 
Sigma Phi Epsilon, Tau Beta Pi, 
Sigma Xi and Pi Tau Sigma. 

Epaminondas Philip Koltos 
'59, a chemical engineer and 
patent attorney from Burke, 
Va., died Oct. 21, 2001. A 
native of New York, Koltos 
received his law degree from 
the University of Virginia Law 
School in 1963 and did patent 
work for Allied Chemical and 
General Electric before joining 
the Department of the Interior 
in Washington, D.C. He was 
a member of the Patent Bar 
Association and was a volunteer 
for the homeless. Survivors 
include his wife, Barbara 
(Semon), and four daughters. 

Jerry B. Gibbs '60 of 

Coopersburg, Pa., a chemical 
engineer, Vietnam veteran and 
avid farmer, died Jan. 2, 2002. 
He earned his master's from 
WPI in 1962 and worked for 
Bethlehem Steel and Air 
Products before becoming a 
private consultant with 
Cryogenetic Consultants. 
He lived on a small farm with 
his wife. Gail (Peccavage). 
Also surviving him are two 
sons, three daughters and five 
grandchildren. I [e belonged to 
Skull, Sigma Xi, Tau Beta Pi 
and Alpha Tau Omega. Tributes 
from his WPI friends are posted 
at www.heint/elmanlh.i.(ini. 

William F. Lahey Sr. '60 

(SIM) of Worcester died Aug. 
31,2001, at the age of 82. 
Predeceased by his wife, Doris 
(O'Connor), he leaves two 
sons and four grandchildren. 
A World War II veteran, he 
worked for Pullman-Standard 
Co. before joining the 
Massachusetts Department 
of Community Affairs as a 
planning engineer. He retired 
in 1986 after 27 years. 

Harold J. Pierce '60 of 

Aberdeen, Md., died April 28, 
2002. He leaves his wife, Ida 
Mae (Forest), two sons, two 
daughters, eight grandchildren 
and a great-granddaughter. An 
Army veteran, Pierce served as 
an electrical engineer at the 
Aberdeen Proving Ground for 
32 years. He was a founding 
member of the Zeta Mu chapter 
of Theta Kappa Epsilon 

Gordon D. Cook '62 of 

Circleville, Ohio, died in 2000. 
He was a senior engineer with 
E.I. Dupont de Nemours &C 
Co. He is survived by his wife, 
Carol. Transformations recently 
received notification of his 

Alfred B.Orr '62 of West 

Suffield, Conn., who was hon- 
ored by astronauts for his con- 
tributions to the Apollo Project 
and the space program, died 
Oct. 24, 2001. A 37-year 
employee of Pratt Sc Whitney, 
he retired in 1999 and became 
a consultant with Belcan 
Engineering. Orr held several 
patents in aircraft engine blade 
design and had been active in 
the space program since its 
inception. He leaves two 
daughters and his former wile, 
Nancy (Caldor). 

44 Transformation* I /•',/// 2002 

Stephen W. Ziemba '62 

(MNS) of Springfield, Mass., 
died July 13, 2001. Predeceased 
by his wife, D. Beverly (Lyon), 
he leaves a son, a brother, and 
two sisters. After a 32-year- 
career in Springfield city 
schools, Ziemba retited in 1993 
as principal of Kennedy Junior 
High School. He was a graduate 
of American International 
College, Springfield College and 
the Master of Narural Science 
program at WPI. 

Stanley J. Belcinski Jr. '63 

(SIM '76) of Southborough, 
Mass., died Nov. 27, 2001. He 
worked as a quality assurance 
engineer for Raytheon Co. and 
Northrop Grumman, and he 
was a member of the American 
Society of Metals. He graduated 
from the School of Industrial 
Management in 1976 and 
earned a master's degree in 
management in 1986. Belcinski 
is survived by his wife, Janet 
(Pensalfini) , a son and daughrer. 

Robert W. Olson '63 (SIM) of 
Ogunquit, Maine, died Sept. 1, 
2001, at the age of 82. After 
service in the Army Air Corps 
during World War II, he was 
employed as a plant engineer by 
Crompton & Knowles Loom 
Manufacturing Corp. for 29 
years. In retirement, he worked 
part-time at the Hillcrest Resort 
in Ogunquit for 20 years. His 
wife, Ruby, died in 1995. He is 
survived by a son and grandson. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of Richard C. 
DeLong '64 (SIM) of New 
Harbor, Maine, in 2000, at 
the age of 77. The son of Philip 
H. DeLong Sr. '12, he joined 
Bay State Abrasives in 1964 
and retired as senior projecr 

Ronald G. Friend '65 of 

Franklin, Mass., a design engi- 
neer for the Crosby Valve Co. 
for 23 years and a veteran of the 
Vietnam Wat, died Nov. 26, 
2001. He leaves his wife, Ellen 
(Flagg), a son, Matthew J. 
Friend '93, a daughter and two 
grandchildren. He belonged to 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon and had 
earned his masrer's in mechani- 
cal engineering in 1971. 

Thomas F. Moriarty '65 of 

East Lansing, Mich., died Oct. 
7, 200 1 . A stress engineer with 
experience in various industries, 
most recently the O'Gara 
Armoring Co., he was a 
research professor at the 
University of Tennessee for 20 
years. He was a member of the 
Ametican Sociery of Mechanical 
Engineers and Sigma XI 
Scientific Research Sociery. He 
earned his M.S. and Ph.D. in 
theoretical and applied mechan- 
ics from the University of 
Illinois. His wife, Susan (Ronk), 
a son and a daughter survive 
him. He belonged to Sigma XL 

Charles Pollock '67 (M.S.) 
of Reston, Va., died Dec. 27, 
2000. In his early cateer, 
he worked for Norton Co., 
and latet did public relations 
for National Machine Tool 
Builders. He belonged to the 
American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers and the National 
Society of Professional 
Engineers. He is survived 
by his wife, Jeanette (Sakel). 

FPE Pioneer i 

Rolf Jensen, a pioneer in the fire protection engineering field, died 
Aug. 1 3, 2002, in Belleair, Fla., at the age of 73. The founder and 
former CEO of Rolf Jensen & Assoc, he was a longtime supporter and 
advocate of WPI's fire protection engineering program. 

Jensen was an emeritus member of the WPI Fire Protection Engineering 
Advisory Board and served as the WPI Entrepreneurs Collaborative's 
first entrepreneur-in-residence in 1 996; he was elected an honorary 
alumnus by the WPI Alumni Association in 2000. Jensen was a WPI 
Howard W. Emmons lecturer and is credited with the original 
concept for WPI's Graduate Internship Program. 

Contributions in memory of Rolf Jensen may be made to the Rolf 
Jensen Memorial Fund Endowment, a perpetual fund to support the 
mission of the WPI fire protection engineering degree program and 
its students. For further information, contact Kathy Kuhlwein in the 
Development and University Relations office: 

William D. Poulin '68 of 

Texas, died 
Oct. 4, 
2001, when 
the twin 
engine plane 
he was pilot- 
ing ctashed. He leaves his wife, 
Donna, two daughters and two 
grandchildren. A native of 
Worcester, Poulin owned Alamo 
Aviation in Arlington. Earlier, 
he'd been a vice president at 
United Technologies and at 
B.F. Goodrich. He belonged 
to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Donald C. Lavoie '73 of 

Annandale, Va., who published 
extensively on Austrian eco- 
nomics and philosophy, died 
Nov. 6, 2001. He earned his 
Ph.D. at New York University 
and was an assistant professor of 
economics at George Mason 
University. He and his wife, 
Mary (Gaildo), had two sons 
and a daughter. 

Donald W. Campbell 74 of 

Hopkinton, Mass., died Sept. 
11, 2001, after a long illness. 
He was employed as an engi- 
neer at Digital Equipment for 
18 years. He leaves his wife, 
Diana (Botelho), and a daugh- 
ter. He belonged to Sigma Pi. 

Steven D. Dettman '74 of 

Hollis, N.H., an electrical engi- 
neer and software consultant, 
died Aug. 24, 2001. He worked 
fot Lockheed Sanders for 21 
years before becoming a con- 
sultant. He is survived by his 
wife, Joanne (Houle). 

Norman Home 74 (MSM) of 
Rocky Mount, N.C., fotmer 
vice president of Harrington 
Business Forms, died Sept. 18, 
2001. He leaves his wife, 
Claudiette, a son and two 
daughters. Home earned his 
bachelor's degree at Hampton 
Institute in 1958 and his mas- 
ter's degree in management at 
WPI in 1974. He served as a 
lieutenant colonel in the U.S. 
Ait Force at Fort Benjamin. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of Kathleen Baron 
McGray 74 (MNS) of New 
Britain, Conn., in 2000, at the 
age of 55- A former high school 
teacher, she leaves her husband, 
Nicholas L. McGray 74. 

Richard Caruso 75 of 

Flemington, N.J., a chemical 
engineer with Kvaerner, 
Bridgewater, died Dec. 23, 
2001, in an automobile acci- 
dent. He leaves his wife, 
Lorraine, a son and two daugh- 
ters. He belonged to Sigma Pi. 

Transformations I Fall 2002 4 5 

Joseph A. Soetens 75 of 

Paxton, Mass., an associate pro- 
fessor of business management 
and computer science at WPI 
until his retirement in 1992, 
died Aug. 12, 2001. A CPA in 
Europe and Africa before com- 
ing to the U.S. in 1955, Soetens 
earned the second highest mark 
in the country when he took 
the exam for his American CPA 
license. He was a member of 
the Association of Information 
Technology Professionals. His 
wife, Ghislaine M. (Leleux), 
survives him, as do two daugh- 
ters and four grandchildren. 

John L. Despres 78 (MNS) 
of Harpswell, Maine, a teacher, 
died Oct. 13, 2001. He taught 
biology at Mass Academy for 
10 years, then taught physics 
at Brunswick High School in 
Maine, where he was chairman 
of the science department. 
He is survived by his wife, 
Linda (Dyer), two daughters 
and a son. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death in 1983 of David 
E. Olson 78 (M.S.EE). 

Clifford S. Duxbury Jr. 79 

(SIM) of Paxton, Mass., who 
was a WW II prisoner of war, 
died Nov. 23, 2001, at age 77. 
An Army veteran, he served 
in Normandy and was taken 
prisoner during the Battle of the 
Bulge. He worked at Norton 
Co. and Bay State Abrasives 
before owning Marketing 
Communications Services, 

which he operated for 18 
years. He had also been a 
diplomatic courier for the 
U.S. Department at the Paris 
Embassy. He leaves his wife, 
Nancy (Gould), a daughter, 
a son and a grandson. 

Mary E. (McLaughlin) Wish 

'85 of Hudson, Mass., died Jan. 
8, 2002. She worked for Digital 
Equipment Corp. for 10 years 
and later was a project manager 
at 3COM Corp. She belonged 
to and was a member of Epsilon 
Upsilon Pi. She is survived by 
her husband, James A. Wish 
'85, and two sons. 

James A. West '87 of North 
Grafton, Mass., died on July 4, 
2002, when he was struck by 
lightning during a camping trip 
in Vermont. He leaves 
his wife, Susan (Collier), two 
daughters, his parents, a brother 
and a sister. He also leaves 
his brother-in-law and friend 
Ronald Collier '87. West was a 
systems audio engineer for Bose 
Corp. He belonged to Tau Beta 
Pi and Upsilon Pi Epsilon. 

Nicholas J. DiBenedetto '96 

(SIM) of Dudley, Mass., died 
Nov. 23, 2001, at the age of 
56. He leaves his wife Denise 
(Morrissette), a son, three 
daughters and six grandchil- 
dren. He was a production 
supervisor for Saint-Gobain 
Abrasives Co. for 37 years. 

Public Eye 

Your 24/7 

Alumni Community 

Find out who's coming to Reunion. Locate your classmates. Find out 
about upcoming alumni events. Post a class note. Chat with your 
friends in the Alumni Cafe. WPI's alumni Web site offers all this 
and more. So take a break from the hustle and bustle of everyday 
life and join your friends at the coziest little spot on the Internet: 

Phil Baker '65 was part of an Entrepreneurial Roundtable on busi- 
ness risk and failure, sponsored by the San Diego Transcript. 
He said that fear of risk and failure kept him at the same company 
for 20 years before he started Think Outside, maker of award- 
winning portable keyboards, on his first day of unemployment . . . 
The Segway Human Transporter invented by Dean Kamen 73 
is showing up on the streets — and on TV and in the funny papers. 
The ~;!ondie comic strip depicted a bewildered Dogwood 
Bumstead riding one, after his classic early-morning rush out the 
front door resulted in collision with his Segway-riding mail carrier. 
In a recent episode of NBC's Frasier, Frasier's brother Niles 
bought a Segway to avoid the need to walk. Kamen, who received 
the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT prize in April, had his earlier 
invention, the IBOT Mobility system, featured on Dateli 
in August . . . Paul Levesque 75 penned a "First Person" column 
for MD&Di (Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry) in April. A 
25-year veteran in the private-sector marketing and development 
industry, he is also CEO of the First Park economic development 
project in Waterville, Maine. An interview on his role in the project 
appeared in the Sunday Mor ling Sentinel . . . N 
magazine featured the work of Computer Science Professor Matt 
Ward 77 in a July 4 story on data visualization techniques. Two 
of Ward's colorful graphs, showing data on banking risk and auto- 
mobile efficiency, were used to illustrate the parallel coordinates 
method of data visualization . . . Lisa Wadge '80 was profiled by 
the Harrl The story on her environmental detec- 

tion work made comparisons to the movies Erin Bn 
and A Civil Action. Wadge's new Web site, www.mysitefinder 
.com, makes environmental data from the Connecticut DEP and 
federal files available to home owners, home buyers, and anyone 
concerned about contamination. Her mission is to educate and 
empower the consumer by providing streamlined access to public 
records, which are sometimes lost, misfiled or difficult to locate. 

46 Transformation! I Fall 2002 

Imagine that J. Edgar 
Hoover, Joe McCarthy or 
the KGB had had access 
to this technology. A 
misguided government 
official or organization 
clandestinely plants a tiny 
$100 digital video camera 
at the site of a legal protest 
rally. The system scans the 
crowd, eliminating those 
faces that it knows belong 
to its own operatives, and 
stores all the other faces 
in a database of "undesir- 
ables." Rather than risk a 
riot by arresting members 
of the group at the time of 
the protest, the resulting database is transmitted to patrol cars, security 
checkpoints and supermarkets throughout the city. The protestors are 
quietly rounded up in the coming days, when they're all alone with 
no one to defend them. 

This chillingly Orwellian picture must be the concern of all citizens, 
but especially of those, like Mr. Berube, who know this technology best. 
I am a big fan of this technology, but I believe it's critical that those 
closest to it lead the charge to prevent and counter its misuse. Mr. 
Berube shirks his responsibility and insults the intelligence of the WPI 
community by failing to embrace and address these legitimate 

Marc C. Trudeau '81 

Endicott, N.Y. 

Denis Berube responds: 

With regard to privacy concerns surrounding face-recognition 
technology, it is important to understand that Viisage's system does not 
store any images or know anything about the individuals being 
scanned. The system simply takes an image of the individual passing 
the camera and compares that image to images provided by law 
enforcement to determine if there is a match. 

In a thoughtful article in the Sept. 1 , 2002, Boston Globe, Alan 
Dershowitz, a constitutional scholar known to be an avid defender 
of our personal and constitutionally protected privacy, addressed 
the subject of privacy in the age of a terrorist war. Noting the 
common misunderstanding about the difference between privacy 
and anonymity, he said no one is granted anonymity, which is 
contradictory to the obligation of government to provide services 
and security to individuals. He called a national ID using face- 
recognition technology acceptable. 

In regards to the issue of performance, face-recognition technology 
works well in appropriate applications. Applications for which it is well 
suited include visa identification, border crossings, driver's licenses, 
airport screening and police booking systems. 

There has been a considerable amount of inaccurate information 
reported and repeated from nontechnical sources with regard to the 
performance of Viisage technology at Boston's Logan International 
Airport and the airport in Fresno. Logan conducted the most 
comprehensive test of face-recognition technology anywhere in the 
nation. Viisage achieved 90 percent performance rates during that 
test — incredible by any standards, and certainly sufficient to help 
to deter a terrorist from joining one of us on an airplane. Face 
recognition technology can play an important role in making our 
airports safer at a nominal cost. (The Fresno Airport, by the way, 
issued a denial of the story mentioned in the letter shortly after it 

There are 14 companies selling face-recognition technology. Prior 
to 9/1 1 , two face-recognition companies were acknowledged as 
competent by the U.S. Department of Defense; Viisage was one of 
them. Often, a report by the news media about a failure of face- 
recognition technology is, in fact, about the failure of a particular 
company's technology. With so many newcomers to this arena, there 
are plenty of opportunities to find negative news. But generalizing 
from these individual failures is a disservice to the competent 
companies that provide a good product and deploy it appropriately. 


In the Spring 2002 issue, in a page 6 article 
on WPI's RoboNautica competition, Robert W. 
Richardson should have been identified as 
East Coast education program manager for 
Intel (not FIRST LEGO League). 

In the list of alumni awards on page 30, 
we should have noted that George Oliver '83, 
winner of a Washburn Award, is now vice 
president and general manager of 
GE Betz Inc. 

On page 42, we 
inadvertently ran the 
wrong photograph with 
the obituary for William 
L. Ames '42. This is 
the correct photograph. 
We wish to express our 
sincere apologies to the 
family of Mr. Ames. Our apologies, also to 
E. Eugene Larrabee '42, whose photo 
appeared with the Ames obituary. 

An obituary for Robert P. Flynn '78 on 
page 44 noted, incorrectly, that he was a 
member of Alpha Tau Omega. We confused 
him with Robert A. Flynn '78, who is an 
Alpha Tau Omega alumnus. 

In the caption for the photo accompanying 
Time Machine on page 48, we incorrectly 
listed the late Anthony Kapinos '33. In 
addition, we incorrectly identified one of 
the items donated to WPI by his family. 
It is, as many of our readers recognized, 
a slide rule. 

Transformations I Fall 2 002 47 

Time Machine 

By Vicki Sanders 

Yankee Ingenuity: It's All in the Family 

Perhaps it's in the genes. Maybe it's just luck. But whatever the rea- 
son, there's delicious coincidence in Marian Chaffe's recent award- 
winning science fair project: a remote-controlled device that extends 
the walk signal at intersections. 

Sixty-five years ago, Robert C. Chaffe '42, Marian's grand- 
father, devised an apparatus that could change the stations and 
adjust the volume on a radio — also by remote control. His invention 
earned him WTTs Yankee Ingenuity Award — a $500 prize that 
enabled him to attend the Institute. 

Marian Chaffe's idea earned her the first-ever Frederick P. Fish 
Patent Award at the Massachusetts State Science Fair in May. 
Funded by the Boston law firm Fish & Richardson PC, it provides a 
no-cost patent application and, if a patent is granted, the possibility 
of commercializing the product. 

When Marian began work on her junior-year science project 
at Massachusetts Academy of Mathematics and Science at WPI last 
fall, she didn't know about her late grandfather's invention. She only 
learned of it afterward, when her father, Dean Chaffe '81 (M.S.), 
who has kept his father's paperwork, noticed the 
similarities of the devices. 

The Yankee Ingenuity Scholarship was 
founded in 1927 by Henry J. Fuller, an 1895 WPI 
graduate and a son of its second president. The 
award was given annually through 1960 to the New 
England boy who submitted a project that displayed 
the greatest amount of the trait supposedly 
possessed by Yankees. 

A requirement for winning was fashioning 
a useful object in a novel way from unpromising 
material. In its report on Chaffe's winning entry, 
the WPI Journal noted that though temote-control 
tuning devices were not new, he "displayed real 
ingenuity in the design and construction of the one 
he submitted. The motor was from a junk shop, 
the gears were from an Erector set, and the springs 
were from various old clocks." 

Chaffe went on to a business career after stints 
as a flight instructor during World War II and as 
a researcher for Goodyear Aircraft Co. But he 
remained a lifelong tinkerer. "He was always build- 
ing something," Dean says, recalling the basement 
workshop where he, too, spent many hours. 

Awards for electrical engineering devices may 
have skipped a generation in the Chaffe family, but 
an interest in the subject matter did not. Dean has 
spent half his career as a mechanical engineer and 
half as an electrical engineer. In fact, he helped 
Marian with some of the programming for her 
science fair project. By all accounts, the bloodline 
remains strong. 

As a child, Marian was always taking things 
apart and putting them back together, terrifying her 
parents by opening car doors while in her car seat 
or getting the lids off childproof medicine bottles, 
exploits that earned her the nickname "Houdini." Now she's turned 
her ingenuity to grown-up uses. 

Marian may have inherited her science curiosity from her 
paternal grandfather, but the inspiration for her invention came 
from the maternal side of the family. When she heard about her 
mother's parents' fear of crossing busy intersections near their senior 
complex, she was inspired to create a handheld radio transmitter 
that sends signals to the mechanism that controls the crosswalk 
signal, prolonging the walk light as long as needed. If patented and 
commercialized, it will allow her grandparents to cross in safety. 

48 Transformation* I Fall 2002 

Come Jiackjto WPI 
without leaving home. 

.* W '™r'i 


■■"i '—■'' 

m*£LdJ ■ 

+ 1 


-—T "3E* 


■ * ^ MSI' J 


Faded sweatshirts look great as they get older, but eventually 
they do fade away. That WPI mug won't last forever, and even- 
tually you will lose your cap . . . but you don't have to lose faith. 

This is not a problem of engineering proportions . . . not when 
your WPI bookstore has all those things, and a whole lot more. 

Jackets, diploma frames, alumni chairs, even afghans and 
stadium blankets are just a click away at 

If it's easier for you to call, our toll-free number is 
1 -888-wpi-books . . . and if you happen to be nearby, 



O 'k 

n e 

2 s 

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*♦-, • 


Sponsored by the WPI President's International Advisory Board and the University's Hong Kong Project Center 

For information and to receive an invitation, e-mail or call WPI's Office of External and Government Affairs 

at 508-831-6024. Details are also available on the Web at 


ING 2003 

eople and Change 

The Jet Se« 

Whitney and WP1 

ie Science off Fiction 

Gary Goshgarian '64 writes what he knows 


A Sphere off Influence 

Bob Lindberg '74 charts a bold course 

*l \ /§§ 

The Telemedicine 

WPI's remote diagnostic system for troops may change healthcare for all of us 


Profiles in Giving 

William R. Grogan '46 

Gift Arrangement: Charitable Gift Annuity 

On Building a Better WPI 

For nearly 60 years, Dean Emeritus Bill Grogan has been 
a decisive force in creating the modern WPI. As a faculty 
member, he helped introduce WPI to project-based 
learning. As a member of the famous faculty planning 
committee that drafted the WPI Plan, he helped revolu- 
tionize science and technology education. And as the 
university's first dean of undergraduate studies, he 
championed WPFs pioneering global projects program. 
Still, with all the changes he's seen or fostered, for many 
years there was one need at WPI that, for Grogan, remained 
unfulfilled. "From time immemorial," he says, "I felt that 
there was a need for what I've described as 'the living room 
of the campus,' a central place with student services where 
the entire campus could meet in a variety of circumstances." 
When WPI began planning for the Campus Center, 
Grogan was there to help realize his longstanding dream. 

On Gift Planning at WPI 

The advisor to Phi Kappa Theta, his fraternity, for more 
than half a century, Bill Grogan chose to dedicate his gift to 
office space in the Campus Center for the Interfraternity 
and Panhellenic councils. Once he'd settled on the what, he 
next turned to the how. "It wasn't long before my research 
led me to charitable gift annuities," he says. "I didn't know 
much about them, except that the older you get, the better 
it gets." In exchange for a gift of stock that will ultimately 
be directed to the Campus Center's endowment, Bill 
receives annual, fixed payments for life. "The opportunity 
to support the Campus Center and my class's 50th 
Reunion — and get an 8.2 percent annual return on my 
gift — well, that was definitely the best investment in town, 
and still is!" 

o> j >oXuj>lL^ jpuQjjj^Uiiiiit^-.l 

If you would like to join Bill Grogan and the many others who are enjoying the benefits of planned 
giving at WPI, please contact Liz Siladi, Director of Planned Giving, at 1-888-WPI-GIFT. 

tarting Point 

Embracing Windmills 

Just after I began editing Transformations last fall, I heard a radio 
news story that summed up, for me, the need for a school like WPI 

The reporter said that Walter Cronkite, retired newsman and 
Nantucket Islander, had filmed a commercial against a pro- 
posed wind farm on Nantucket Sound. There on the Mass Pike, 
east of Sturbridge, I became steering-wheel-slapping mad. 

I wasn't surprised that a citizen of that removed ZIP 
code would oppose a project that might tarnish his pristine 
landscape; "nimby" (not in my back yard) mentality is 
everywhere. What angered me was the missed opportunity. 
What if Cronkite or other famous islanders had put their weight 
behind the project, had embraced the windmills in the manner 
of Arianna Huffington heave-hoing her Lincoln Navigator 
in favor of a hybrid Toyota Prius? Hybrid cars and windmills 
are far from perfect technologies, but with a celebrity endorse- 
ment they suddenly are worthy of our attention. 

Cronkite's stand is why WPI's mission of nurturing tech- 
nological humanists is so important. New technologies can't be 
created in a vacuum. If the public isn't ready to embrace the 
risks that come with trying something new, the ability to 
advance society is lost. Closed minds are the flypaper in the 
kitchen of possibility. 

WPI requires the world's future engineers and scientists to 
go beyond merely thinking and creating. They must come out 
the lab, shake hands and sell their ideas. WPI calls on stu- 
dents to open their eyes to the world in which their good 
work must find an accepting audience — and sometimes 
that takes convincing. The ability to communicate as well 
as innovate is why Robert Lindberg was able to push the 
boundaries of the space industry (page 12) and why WPI 
students are a valuable asset to jet engine maker Pratt & 
Whitney (page 26). This skill set sets WPI graduates apart. 

There are questions about the windmill project, of 
course. How will wildlife adapt? Will altering the landscape 
be worth the clean energy produced? Some think 24 square 
miles of giant spinning machines in the middle of the sound 
will look ghastly; to others it seems a thing of beauty. 

This issue will be argued 
in the coming months, but to me, 
the vision of all those windmills 
looks like just one thing: progress. 
It's what happens when people 
and ideas evolve in tandem. It's » 

what happens every day at WPI. 
Carol Cambo 

April 23 It's Not Who You Know, It's Who 
Knows You. An evening for New York City-area 
WPI alums with corporate veteran Alan Glou, 
president of Glou International. The Lotos Club, 5 
East 66th St., New York; 6:30-8:30 p.m., $20 
per person. E-mail or call 

May 1 Technological Humanist Award Dinner. 

Inaugural presentation of this WPI award for 
outstanding Massachusetts high school teachers who 
help students see how science and technology are tools 
for improving the world. Campus Center Odeum, 
5:30 p.m. By invitation. 

May 3 Red Sox vs. Minnesota Twins. Sponsored 
by the Class of 2000 Board of Directors for the 
Class of 2000 and their guests. Fenway Park, 
Boston. Visit 

May 8-9 Fuel Cell Fundamentals. A one-and-a- 
half-day course on the fundamental aspects of fuel 
cell technology, from electrochemistry to transport 
and catalysis. Sponsored by the Office of 
Continuing and Professional Education and the 
Department of Chemical Engineering. WPI Campus; 

May 1 6 Baccalaureate Ceremony. 

Alden Memorial; 5:30-6:30 p.m. Call 508-831- 
5291 or visit 

May 17 1 35th Commencement Exercises. 

Quadrangle; 1 1 a.m. Call 508-831-5291 
or visit 

June 5-8 Reunion 2003. Reconnect with old 
friends and learn something new: the first-ever 
Alumni College is a weekend-long symposium 
of discussions, lectures and interactive sessions 
led by faculty, alumni and other distinguished 
members of the WPI community. E-mail or call 508-831-5600. 

A Journal of People and Change 


1 2 The Bold Trajectory of Robert Lindberg 

i First developing satellite technologies and X-planes, and now leading NASA's 
new aerospace research institute, Bob Lindberg '74 charts a daring course. 
By Ray Bert '93 

1 6 On the Front Lines of Telemedicine 

With the U.S. Army's Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research 
Center (TATRC), WPI is developing battlefield technologies that will change 
the delivery of healthcare for all of us. By Michael W. Dorsey 

22 The Science of Fiction 

Professor and novelist Gary Goshgarian '64, known to readers as Gary 
Braver, explores the literary what-if world of groundbreaking medical science. 
By Joan Killough-Miller 

26 The Jet Set 

When it comes to building jet engines, Pratt & Whitney has discovered the 
best way to stay on top: forging a partnership with WPI. By Carol Cambo 

30 A Soul-Searching Superhero 

Finding the connection between work and passion can be an engineer's greatest 
challenge. Or it can be as easy as sitting in a tree. By Nina Simon '02 

On the Cover: Cadet Justen T. Garrity '04 of the 
Bay State Battalion of the Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps (ROTC), headquartered at WPI. represents 
the future of the American military. With technologies 
currently being developed at WPI, a soldier's health 
will be monitored from a distance during combat. 
(See "On the Front Lines of Telemedicine." page 16.) 


48 Time Machine 

4/5/6 Campus Buzz 

Teacher of the year; Segways on campus; 
and more news from WPI 

10/11 Investigations 

A better way to gauge heart disease; 
the private lives of public policies 

7 A Few Words 

With Thomas Shannon, WPI Professor of Religion 
and Social Ethics, on bioethics 

32/33 Alumni Connections 

Why Joyce Kline '83 volunteers; 
notes from California 

8 Explorations 

WPI students follow their e-nose to Ireland 

9 Inside WPI 

Distance learning delivers the classroom to the student 

34 Class Notes 

48 Time Machine 

Jon Titus '67 opened the door for home computing 

On the Web 

The conversation doesn't end here. Be sure to check out the online edition of the Spring 2003 
Transformations, where you'll find extra features and links related to the stories in this issue. 
While you're online, send us your news, write a letter to the editor, or chat with fellow readers 
in the Transformations forum in the Alumni Cafe. 

The University of 
Science and Technology. 
And Life., 

Staff: Editor: Carol Cambo; Alumni News Editor: Joan Killough-Miller; Design Director: Michael J. Sherman; 
Design: Re:Design; Production Manager: Bonnie McCrea; Production Maven: Peggy Isaacson; Director of 
Communications: Michael Dorsey; Department Icons: Art Guy Studios. 

Alumni Communications Committee: Robert C. Labonte '54, chairman; Kimberly A. (Lemoi) Bowers '90, 
James S. Demetry '58, William J. Firla Jr. '60, William R. Grogan '46, Amy L. (Plack) Marr '96, 
Roger N. Perry Jr. '45, Harlan B. Williams '50. 

Transformations (ISSN 1538-5094), formerly the WPI Journal, is published four times a year in February, 
May, August and November for the WPI Alumni Association by University Marketing. 
Printed in USA by Mercantile/Image Press. 

Diverse views presented in this magazine do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or official WPI policies. We welcome letters to the editor. Address correspondence to the Editor, 
Transformations, WPI, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609-2280. Phone: 508-831-6037; Fax: 508-831.5820; e-mail:; Web: 
Periodical postage paid at Worcester, Mass., and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: please send address changes to address above. Entire contents © 2003, Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 

Honoring a Teacher of Teachers 

Judy Miller's first cooperative learning experiment, ironically, 
was not a success. In the late 1 980s she and fellow professor Ron 
Cheetham were charged with revamping introductory biology. "The 
way we were teaching was boring," says Miller. 
"So we threw out all the lectures and tests." The 
next semester they asked students to design a 
closed life-support system for long-term space 
flight. "Needless to say, they were a bit 
disoriented," she remembers, "and I got the 
worst course evaluations of my career!" 

Yet Miller knew she was on to something: students 
learn best when they are actively engaged. Thus 
began her commitment to cooperative learning — 
for students and for teachers. She was honored for 
her work this past November when she was 
named Massachusetts Teacher of the Year by the 
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of 
ift i ^ "m tf Teaching. The program salutes the most 

outstanding undergraduate instructors in the country— those who 
influence the lives and careers of their students. "I like to think I have 
an effect on many students I have never met through helping their 
teachers improve," says Miller, a member of the WPI faculty for 
25 years. 

She divides her time between teaching biology and directing the 
Center for Educational Development, Technology and Assessment. 
She might give a workshop on teaching methods in the morning and 
spend her afternoon helping students test and explore microbial fuel 
cells. Miller also directs assessment efforts for WPI educational 
projects funded by the Davis Educational Foundation. She is currently 
assessing a Davis-funded program to improve the first year for 
undergraduate students through experiences that create community 
and a culture of learning. 

"I wouldn't have won this award without the long-term support of 
WPI," says Miller. And without Judy Miller, WPI wouldn't be such 
a dynamic place to learn. 

Two Awards Are Better Than One 

Since its inception in 1974, 
WPI's Global Perspective 
Program has sent more than 
4,000 students abroad 
(currently about 500 students 
a year— more students of 
science and engineering than 
any other American university). 
The program embodies the 
best that WPI has to offer in the 
way of nurturing technological 
humanists: scientists and 
engineers with a deeper 
understanding of the world 
around them. 

And we're not the only ones 
who say so. Last fall, NAFSA: 
Association of International 
Educators selected WPI as one 
of 16 schools "doing exemplary 
work to internationalize the 
campus," out of 120 nominees. 
NAFSA will highlight WPI's 
program in a major report due 
out this month, and again at its 
annual conference in May. 

Educators benefit from the 
global programs, too. About 
half of WPI's 220-member 

faculty have advised a global 
project, with more than 60 
teachers advising students off 
campus. It's just this kind of 
exceptional faculty development 
program that got the attention 
of TIAA-CREF's Theodore M. 
Hesburgh Award committee. 
In February, WPI was one of 
just four schools awarded a 
Certificate of Excellence for its 
enhancement of undergraduate 
teaching and learning. WPI 
was commended for equipping 

its faculty to handle unconven- 
tional roles beyond the class- 
room necessitated by the global 
program, making sure educators 
have the skills to help students 
succeed educationally as well as 
cope with safety, social and 
behavioral issues. On behalf of 
WPI, Paul Davis, dean of the 
Interdisciplinary and Global 
Studies Division, accepted the 
award and a $5,000 cash prize 
at a ceremony in February. 

Global Perspective Program: By the Numbers 

From the latest round of President's IQP Awards (for interactive projects), here are some interesting numbers: 



Hours WPI students spent hiking to the Thai village 
of Kre Khi from nearest road passable to vehicles 

Kilowatts the village of Kre Khi gets from Thailand's 
national power grid 

Kilowatts the WPI-designed microhydro system 
can provide Kre Khi 

Cost in U.S. dollars to build the microhydro system, 
and to purchase a television and VCR 

Grant in U.S. dollars by the American Women's 
Club of Thailand to implement the system 

f Percentage of Bangkok's population that has lost homes 
to fire in the last 1 5 years 

• Average time in minutes it takes Bangkok's volunteer 
fire department to respond to calls 

Average lime in minutes Bangkok Electric Board 
spends in traffic before arriving at fire scene to 
cut off power so fire fighting con begin 

Minutes needed for power cutoff after WPI-designed 
communications system is in place 

A Transformations \ Spring 2003 

Campus Police 
Are on a Roll 

It may not be faster than a speeding bullet, but it has enough 
horsepower to make traveling around the 80-acre WPI campus a 
breeze. Last fall, WPI became the first university in the world to 
employ Segway Human Transporters. Campus police officers use two 
HTs, to rev up routine patrols (the Segway travels six to eight miles 
per hour, about twice the speed of walking) and as an icebreaker 
between students and officers. The Office of Admissions uses a third 
Segway HT during campus tours, college nights and open houses. 
Inventor Dean Kamen '73 created the Segway to help alleviate 
congestion and pollution, especially in the world's cities. 

It was a season of benchmarks. In 
2002, Malcolm MacPherson 

celebrated his 1 00th WPI victory 
as coach of the men's soccer 
team. The men won 16 games, 
the most ever in a season, 
including a 4-zip victory over 
Wheaton, which held the 
number one spot in New 
England and was ranked sixth 
in the country. WPI went to the 
ECAC playoffs, making it to the 
final round, where Roger 
Williams won, 4-1 . 

"After the game," says 
MacPherson, "I told the team 
that even though it was 
disappointing to lose, when you 
look back at our season it was 
quite successful." He says he 
knew "on paper" they'd be 
competitive this past year, but 
"you never really know until 
you start playing." 

MacPherson credits the record- 
setting season to seven senior 
starters and a team with passion 

for the game. Co-captains Mark 
Dion '03 and Jose Goncalves 
'03, both All-New England 
players, led the charge along 
with Bob Shanley '03, all four- 
year starters for the Engineers. 
"Beating Wheaton will be the 
game I remember when I look 
back at my career at WPI," says 
Goncalves. For Dion, starting 
each of 69 games in his four 
years at WPI is a source of pride. 

With the bulk of MacPherson's 
starting lineup graduating this 
spring, he knows he has big 
cleats to fill. Still, some of his 
top scorers are returning, 
including juniors Jim Jenkins, 
Conn Doherty and Matt 
Zuccaro, and leading goal 
scorer, Jim Norton '05. 
"Recruiting is always the key," 
says MacPherson. "Players come 
to WPI knowing that they're 
going to get an outstanding 
education, and that they also 
can play a game they love." 

Commencement Speaker 

Shares the Value of Higher Education 

Ellen Ochoa of La Mesa, Calif., made history a decade ago when 
she became the first Latina astronaut in space. Before and since, she 
has been an example of how persistence can pay off in the world of 
science, especially for women. At WPI's commencement ceremonies 
on May 17, Ochoa will describe how her passion for learning 
propelled her into space. 

"I always liked school," she says, 
"and being an astronaut allows 
you to learn continuously. One 
flight, you're working on 
atmospheric research; the next, 
it's bone density studies or space 
station design." 

Ochoa completed her doctorate in 
optical computer research at 
Stanford after earning a physics 
degree and top honors from San 
Diego State University. In 1 990 
she was selected as an astronaut, 
one of 23 from a pool of 2,000. 

On her first space mission, 

Ochoa operated the Discovery 

space shuttle's remote manipulator 

system, to deploy and capture a 

satellite that studied the solar corona. Her second mission, in 1994, 

involved analyzing how changes in the sun's irradiance affect the 

earth's climate. 

Ochoa flew aboard Discovery for a third time in the spring of 1999 
on a 10-day mission to complete the first docking to the international 
space station. In April of last year, her crew delivered and installed the 
S-Zero truss to the International Space Station and used the station's 
robotic arm to maneuver space walkers for the first time. 

Based at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, Ochoa is 
currently deputy director of flight crew operations, managing and 
directing the Astronaut Office and Aircraft Operations divisions. 

Ellen Ochoa will be accepting an honorary doctor of science degree 
from WPI at Commencement. Also receiving honorary degrees are 
Joseph F. Dobronski '49, retired naval aviator and test pilot and 
former director of flight test and operations for McDonnell Aircraft, 
and Ray H. Witt, chairman and CEO of CMI-Management Services 
Inc. in Smithfield, R.I., who provided the founding gift for the Ray H. 
Witt Metalcasting Center at WPI. 

An honorary degree for Sheila E. Widnall, professor of aeronautics 
and astronautics at MIT and former secretary of the U.S. Air Force, 
will be announced at Commencement, but presented at a separate 
event later in the year. Widnall was recently named to the NASA 
commision investigating the space shuttle Columbia accident. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 5 


X MoreBuzz 

Feds Send $1 Million to WPI 

For John Orr, the tragic fire in 
the Worcester Cold Storage 
building four years ago served 
as an inspiration. "As I stood 
on Grove Street watching the 
procession of firefighters 
honoring the men lost in the 
blaze, I thought that the problem 
of people being lost inside a 
building is something technology 
should be able to solve," says 
Orr, head of the Electrical 
and Computer Engineering 
Department at WPI. "I knew 
that we had all the basic 
pieces here to find a solution." 

After a long search for funding, 
a recent $1 million appropriation 
from the Department of Justice 
budget has given WPI the 

means to tackle the problem. 
The line item is targeted for the 
development of law enforcement 
and first responder technologies. 
Orr has mapped it out as a 
three-year project at WPI, 
culminating with the develop- 
ment of a functioning prototype 
locator system 

Currently, a firefighter typically 
will use a rope to find his or her 
way out of a burning building... 
providing it doesn't go up in 
flames. Some responders wear 
alarms that sound when they 
stop moving, but this signal gets 
drowned out by the noise of a 
large fire. "Neither of these 
methods are adequate," says Orr. 

The new system will have three 
main components: sensors worn 
on each responder; several 
reference stations (perhaps 
mounted on fire trucks at the 
scene], and a monitoring and 
display station for the on-site 
commander, all connected via a 
wireless network. New signal 
coding algorithms will provide 
the accuracy needed to locate 
people in three dimensions 
inside complex buildings. The 
WPI research will be led by 

electrical and computer 
engineering professors David 
Cyganski and Bill Michalson, 
with cooperation from David 
Lucht, director of WPI's Center 
for Firesafety Studies. 

One of the biggest challenges 
will be making sure the system 
is easy to use, with no setup or 
forethought required, says Orr. 
"That's important, because of the 
selfless nature of a firefighter, of 
their instinct to save others even 
at the price of their own life." 

Video Games That Matter 

The son of a first-grade teacher and a manufacturing engineer, 
Nicholas Baker '03 has the perfect blend of right-and left- 
brain acumen. Baker takes his duality in stride, finishing his 
double major— in philosophy and computer science— with 
honors this spring at WPI. Still, even he was surprised to be 
named a Marshall Scholar last fall. "I thought it was a shot 
in the dark," says Baker, who will use the prize (valued at 
$60,000) to earn two master's degrees (in computer games 
technology and digital games design) at Liverpool John Moores 
University in Great Britain starting next fall. 

"I grew up playing video games," says 
Baker, who admits most games tend to 
promote themes of conflict, pitting good 
guys against bad guys in often violent 
scenarios. "I think there is opportunity to 
reach people with a message of activism 
using video games." Baker wants to 
create video games that give players the 
responsibility of making moral choices 
about contemporary social problems. 

The Marshall Scholarships were established in 1 953 as a 
British gesture of thanks for U.S. assistance during WWII 
under the Marshall Plan. The idea was to build on the Rhodes 
Scholarships but with fewer restrictions on gender, age and 
place of study. In addition to intellectual excellence, 
Marshall Scholars are recognized for their ability to 
be leaders in their field and make contributions 
to society. Baker was chosen as one of 40 from a 
highly competitive field of about 1 ,000 applicants. 

As the first-ever Marshall scholar from WPI, Baker, 

a native of Milford, N.H., joins an elite rank of past 

honorees, including U.S. Supreme Court Justice 

Stephen Breyer, Duke University president Nannerl Keohane, as well 

as Pulitzer prize-winning authors and noted inventors. Baker, too, 

seems bound to leave his mark on the world — of video games. 


came to WPI to get a solid technical 
background without being forced into a 

'cookie-cutter' computer 
science degree," says 
Baker. "I was surprised at 
the opportunity to study 
philosophy at the 
same time.' 


During Baker's interactive prefect in London last year, he helped develop two 
Web-based video games lor Science Year (now Planet Science) "Climbin' 
High" is a rock climbing adventure in which players must study the environ- 
ment and think analytically obout survival in order to win "Feed the Mind" 
gets players involved in the process of invention and creative inspiration. 

6 Transformations \ Spring 2003 


J science is developing s 

s ci re 



Thomas A. Shannon 

WPI Professor of Religion and Social Ethics 

An interview by Vicki Sanders 

Professor Thomas Shannon, a pioneer in 
the field of bioethics, participated in the 
Human Genome Project; he received the 
first grant to examine the relationship 
between religious issues and genetics. He is 
the author of more than 25 books, among 
them Made in Whose Image? Genetic 
Engineering and Christian Ethics, and has 
been a professor in the Department of 
Humanities and Arts since 1973. 

As a bioethicist and a Roman 
Catholic, do you have a particular 
lens through which you scrutinize 
genetic engineering, eugenics, the 
Genome Project and the like? 
Yes, I look through a 2,000-year tradition 
of reflecting on moral questions, so what I 
bring with me is a long history of thinking 
about many of these topics. I also am part 
of a community that's engaged in a lively 
debate over them. 

Does your perspective put you 
inside or outside the mainstream 
of ethical discussion? 

I understand myself to be within the tradi- 
tion. I do push it a lot and I'm trying to 
articulate the contemporary relationship 
between the growing edge of the tradition 
and science. It gets harder as time goes on. 
The questions are becoming more compli- 
cated, and science is developing so rapidly 
that the implications are not clear. It takes 
a long time to think this stuff through, and 
we don't have that luxury anymore. By the 
time you think about a new development, 
five more are coming along. 

How did your interest in religion 
and ethics lead you to medicine 
and the sciences? 

It was happenstance. I did my graduate 
work in social ethics — my thesis was on the 
just-war theory — but when I began teaching 
at an engineering and science college, other 
problems caught my interest. Bioethics was 
a developing field and I recognized how 

critical the issues were. Also, UMass Medical 
School was being built here. Had I not been 
at WPI, I probably wouldn't have gotten 
involved in this field, or at least not deeply. 

People are living longer. What 
ethical issues does this raise about 
the quality of life and preserving 
life with technology? 

The key ethical issue is, does intervention 
benefit the patient? If you can show it does, 
fine; if not, after a couple of weeks, you 
should stop. The process is often incremental; 
one procedure leads to another and another. 
All of a sudden you're deep in a technology- 
driven situation. Stopping a technology is 
difficult because the specialists administer- 
ing it get committed to using it. Stopping 
seems like failing the patient. 

You've written aout prevention from 
an ethical standpoint. What does 
prevention have to do with ethics? 

Prevention benefits the population at large 
rather than a targeted group or an individ- 
ual. Bioethicists need to integrate the con- 
cepts of social justice and the common good 
into thinking about healthcare. How can we 
restructure both healthcare and society to 
change some of the physical outcomes? We 
must move beyond discussions about, say, 
removing life support and look at things 
like heart disease caused by obesity or lung 
cancer caused by smoking. 

What is your ethical concern 
about human cloning? 

I don't have an ethical problem with cloning 
as a reproductive technology or with using 
it to generate embryos to obtain stem cells. 
Ethically, the major problem is that cloning 
doesn't work and it certainly isn't safe to use 
for reproductive purposes. But people with 
money will do anything they want and 
some scientists will too. Regulation won't 
solve that problem because people can move 
offshore. My hope is for a core of ethical 
scientists who will say no. 

As our understanding of the human 
genome grows, we may have more 
ability to shape the genetic makeup 
of children. Are we in danger of 
opening the door on an era of 
designer babies? 

It opened 30 years ago with amniocentesis. 
We can choose a child's sex now, and we can 
eliminate fetuses with particular diseases. But 
the assumption that genetics controls every- 
thing is a bankrupt idea. The mythology is, 
if you clone Michael Jordan, the progeny 
will grow up to be great basketball players. 
However, one's genetic profile isn't a total 
predicator of what the person will be like. 
What happens to the couple who pays 
$50,000 for eggs from a tall, Ivy League 
female athlete with an SAT score of 1,500 
and the kid turns out not to be so smart or 
good-looking, and doesn't like sports? 

Are there opportunities at WPI to 
influence the ethical sensibilities of 
future scientists and engineers? 

All students here have to minor in the 
humanities, which adds dimension to their 
perspective. When they hit the Interactive 
Qualifying Project, they are required to look 
at the interaction of technology and society 
and think about the implications. For exam- 
ple, I have a group of students using their 
IQP to determine if animals should be used 
in research. These kinds of projects open up 
new horizons for students. 

Vicki Sanders is a free-lance writer and 
editor who lives in Brookline, Mass. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 7 

»J Explorations 

3* Ml* 1 


\ The Smell of Success 

WPI students in Ireland 
put their noses to the grindstone 

The human nose is a thing of wonder. It 
can distinguish as many as 10,000 different 
odors. Yet if we spend too much time near a 
perfume counter, our olfactory powers begin 
to fail. 

Enter the e-nose. WPI undergrads Joe 
FitzPatrick, Colby Hobart and Nate Liefer 
spent 1 weeks last fall in Ireland completing 
their major project: developing a hand-held 
gaseous molecule detector, also known as an 
electronic nose. The University of Limerick 
and a private company, AMT-Ireland, co- 
sponsored the project as part of the univer- 
sity's program to spin off technology prod- 
ucts and businesses. The e-nose is funded 
by a European Union grant. 

Hobart, FitzPatrick and Liefer spent 10 
weeks designing and testing nanotechnology 
circuitry for one of the most sensitive 
e-noses developed to date. While similar 
devices are being designed to sniff out land- 
mines or noxious gas leaks, Intelli-SceNT 
has mass-market appeal in sniffing out the 
freshness of food. 

After an hour in the presence of strong 
odors, our noses begin to lose sensitivity. 
What if your ability to smell is crucial to your 
business? You need a more dependable nose, 
one that can put in an 8-to-5 day. 

Jeff Shilling, vice president of produce 
procurement for RLB Food Distriburors of 
West Caldwell, N.J., says there is a market 

temperature and humidity measurements 
to help detect and analyze odors. The end- 
product will be a hand-held device, much 
like a Palm Pilot, that inspectors can use to 
grade the freshness of food. When it reaches 
the consumer market, sometime in 2005, 
it is slated to retail for under $1,000. The 
e-nose won't be as sensitive as the human 
nose, explains Colby, "but it has advan- 
tages — like being objective. It can 'smell' 
odorless substances. It's consistent, and it 
doesn't tire out." 

The students got a taste of the pace of 
research and development during the proj- 
ect. Of their 10 weeks in Limerick, they 
worked just four days building the circuit. 

After spending the fitst three weeks 
toiling in the Limerick lab on background 
research, Leifer says the team had a break- 
through. "We discovered the Anderson 
Loop, an improved circuit that NASA 
developed to detect precise repeatable meas- 
urements to small changes in a circuit — one 
part in 10,000 changes in resistance. This is 
a much finer circuit than we knew of, and 
was just what we needed." 

The students also got a taste of life in 
the Emerald Isle, having the experience of a 
"home stay." Theit host, Peggy Doran, 
treated them to true Irish breakfasts of 
meat, potatoes, blood pudding and spiked 
coffee. On weekends, the trio gtabbed their 
backpacks and explored the countryside, 
visiting ruins and landmarks. 

"This team tackled a project that 
would normally be given to seasoned engi- 
neers," says Professor Rick Vaz, co-advisor. 
"They were handed a copy of a proposal 
and told to make it happen." Despite the 

"This team tackled a project that would normally 
be given to seasoned engineers," says Professor 
Rick Vaz, co-advisor. 

challenging nature ol the work, it was hard 
to get respect from their peers. "I'd call 
home and tell them what we were doing, 
said Liefer. "And they'd saw so. basically, 
you're building a schno/."' 

Well, it's more like a super schnoz, one 
that can sniff out spoiling meat in a single 
whiff choose the most fragrant rose from 
dozens, and prevent mn bad apple from 
spoiling the bunch. The usclulncss ol such 
a device is .is plain as the nose on youi I 


RLB moves 80,000- 
100,000 cases of 
fresh fruits and veg- 
etables each week. Financial decisions are 
made on a sniff and a taste. "If an electronic 
nose could detect one spoiled apple or 
orange in a case and prevent further spoil- 
ing, that would be useful and cost-effective," 
says Shilling. "It would also have an applica- 
tion for floral goods, which we buy lor both 
appearance and fragrance." 

In Ireland, the W'l'l students designed 
functional prototype circuitry to interlace gas 
particle sensors with a desktop or a pocket- 
sized computer. The circuitry also makes 

8 Transformations \ Spring 2003 

By Vicki Sanders 

Delivering the Classroom to the Student 

Since 1979, when a group of management professors commandeered storage 
space in Higgins Labs and set up a rudimentary video studio, launching WPI's first 
distance learning course, off-campus educational opportunities have proliferated. 
Technological advances and workplace globalization have made distance 
study more convenient and desirable: 15 percent of graduate credit 
hours at WPI are now taken at a distance, double the enrollment of 
five years ago. To off-campus students, the benefit is immense. 

Take, for example, Elisa Baker '02, a master's candidate in 
fire protection engineering. Normally, Baker would have had 
to suspend her course work for a year. Through WPI's 
Advanced Distance Learning Network (ADLN), she enrolled 
in FPE 570, Building Fire Safety, and completed the course 
without setting foot in the classroom. 

"I liked the flexibility to attend a lecture 
whenever it was convenient," says Baker, who'd 
pop the weekly videotaped lectures into her home VCR. 
The tapes arrived by mail; course materials and exchanges 
among students and the professor were handled online. 
For a group assignment, Baker teamed up with distance 
learners in Washington, Illinois and Massachusetts. 

WPI offers three master's degrees through distance 
learning — in business administration, fire protection 
engineering and environmental engineering— and several 
graduate certificates. Distance students take the same 
classes as on-campus participants. "That sets us apart from 
many colleges," says Pam Shelley, assistant director of ADLN. 
"We are not hiring outside people to teach distance learning 
courses. We are not watering down the WPI degree at all." 

Baker was so satisfied with her experience, she's considering 
taking another class by distance when she returns to campus. 
"You can watch lectures in the evening, rewind, ask questions 
of the professor, and talk to other students by e-mail," she says 
"It's just so incredibly convenient." 

While pursuing her master's through distance learning, Baker interned last fall 
at the National Institute for Standards and Technology in Washington, D.C., 
investigating the causes of the collapse of the World Trade Center Building 5. 

Getting to the Heart of the Matter 

Dalin Tang, professor of computational math- 
ematics and biomedical engineering, has 
developed computer models that will help com- 
bat heart disease. The models can help doc- 
tors make predictions about blood flow, stress 
on arteries, and the growth of plaque — all key 
factors in determining how close a patient's 
arteries are to rupturing. In Fig.l, an MRI 
image of a human carotid artery shows dan- 
ger signs: a fibrous cap, calcifications and 
lipid pool. Fig. 2 plots the contours— including 
location and magnitude— of stress to the 
artery wall. 

More than 61 million Americans — better than one in five — have some sort of cardiovascular 
disease, the leading cause of death in the United States, according to the American Heart 

Association. Dalin Tang, professor of computational mathematics and biomedical 
engineering in WPI's Mathematical Sciences Department, hopes his computer 
models of stenotic arteries (arteries abnormally narrowed by plaque buildup) will 
help reduce the death toll from heart disease. 

Tang's goal is to help physicians determine how close their patients' stenotic 
arteries are to rupturing. With this data, doctors may be able to head off strokes 
and heart attacks. 

Tang says thete are a number of factors that complicate this research. The 
development of arterial diseases is a complex process; accurate data from real 
patients is hard to get; and the research crosses many disciplines. Ultrasound and 
MRI scans, commonly used to detect clogged arteries, provide some information, 
but are unable to measure the amount of stress being experienced by an artery. To 
provide this vital information, Tang is working with radiologists to simulate how 
arteries expand and contract and to calculate the distribution of stress inside 
artery plaques. This information can be used to predict whether a plaque is likely 
to rupture. 

"Much of our research in this area remains theoretical," says Tang. "But we 
are getting closer to being able to provide the medical community with clinical 
information that they can use in their diagnoses." 

Through his computational modeling and experimental investigations, Tang 
can make predictions about blood flow, the stress and strain on arteries, and the 
formation and growth of plaque. 
Over time, Tang hopes to augment his models with physiologically relevant data to 
produce a robust tool that helps physicians make critical decisions about tteatment. "By 
measuring the stress of an artery," he explains, "doctors will recognize that if the stress passes 
a certain point they will need to petform preventative surgery or prescribe appropriate 
medications. The fact that lives may be saved with this knowledge is very rewarding." 

Tang has been collaborating with tesearchers from Georgia Tech, Harvard Medical 
School, Mass General, Northwestern University and Washington University Medical School, 
with funding from the National Science Foundation and the Whitaker Foundation. He has 
also created models for human atherosclerotic plaques based on MRI data, and for asymmet- 
ric stenosis, vein graft, stents, plaque ruptute and hyperplasia growth. 

— Nunc)' Langmeyer 

1 O Transformations \ Spring 200 

Pushing the Public Policy Pendulum 

National security. Homeland defense. These catchphrases saturate the news, and since 
September 1 1, they are embedded in the collective American psyche. They beg an important 
question: What price safety? How many personal freedoms should we relinquish to ensure 
malcontents don't slip through the cracks? 

The debate generates sensational headlines, but there's a more productive way to study 
the problem using a model developed by professor Elise Weaver, a psychologist in WPI's 
Social Sciences and Policy Studies Department. Weaver, along with George Richardson of the 
University at Albany, SUNY, is studying how policy thresholds change over time in response 
to public concerns. Using a systems dynamics model — and building on Kenneth Hammond's 
work in this field — Weaver illustrates the cyclical nature of policy making, in fact, any kind 
of decision making where thresholds (also known as cutoff points) are set. 

"Once they undetstand the cycling, decision makers could spend less time atguing the 
opposite sides of the issue and more time trying to strike the appropriate balance," says 
Weaver. "Using this model, we could shift focus from 'right vs. wrong' to how can we make 
a better tool for reducing the number of false positive and false negative outcomes." 

To test her model, Weaver examines the case of a police officer deciding to initiate a 
search. A Taylor- Russell diagram (Fig. 1) shows the cutoff point. In the case of the police 
officer, it is the officer's cutoff for the perceived level of evidence that something is awry. The 
officer will use clues, such as a suspect's nervousness, to help judge whether or not to conduct 
a search. The diagram shows that given a set threshold, there will always be a certain number 
of false negatives (guilty people that get away) and false positives (innocent people that get 
searched). The trick is finding the proverbial happy medium. 

But what happens when the policy receives pressure from one side or the other? In this 
model, what happens when there is a heightened sense of vulnerability, and a public outcry 
for more searches? Policy makers react, and the police officers are given new guidelines — a 
mandate to execute mote searches. Consequently, as the model shows (Fig. 2), more innocent 
people get searched. It's not long before advocates for protecting personal freedoms raise their 
voices. If they are loud enough, policy makers shift the cutoff point again. 

"In some situations the model illustrates a wild oscillation," says Weaver. It can be used 
to study all types of decisions, from SAT score cutoffs for college admissions to drug approval 
using medical tests and indices. When there is a cutoff point, some number of smart kids 
won't get admitted to a college while others who are nor meant for college will get in; 
potentially dangerous drugs will gain approval while a number of useful drugs will have 
approval delayed. 

Weaver analyzes three alternative models to show how structural characteristics of a 
social system affect its behavior over time. The "grudge" model represents the role of memory 
for past cases contributing to the oscillation (Fig. 3); a second charts the effect of delayed 
responsiveness on the patt of policy makers; a third looks at what happens when people 
change their opinions in the wake of undesirable events. In doing so, Weaver pioneers the 
university's efforts in this area; WPI is the only school in the world that teaches system 
dynamics to undergraduates. 


Fig. 3 

Fig. 1 

Fig. 2 

Overlook Individual 

Search Individual 


• N 

T?v • • • / 




- "r? 


Perceived Level of Evidence 

ed Level of Evidence 

Elise Weaver uses a systems dynamics model 
to study how and why public policy thresholds 
shift over time in response to different influ- 
ences, such as changing social mores and 
undesirable events. In the case of homeland 
security, Fig.l shows a balanced system. In 
Fig. 2, a call for increased security measures 
results in more people — and, consequently, 
more innocent people — being searched. Fig. 3 
shows the role of historical incidence, in this 
case the collective memory of cases when 
innocent people were searched, and how this 
influences policy making. 

Suspicion Threshold 

Suspicion Threshold 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 1 1 

i*' q& 


First developing 
X-planes and now 

leading NASA's 

new aerospace 
research institute, 
Bob Lindberg '74 

charts a daring 


p , CELEBR4 reg 

The Bold 

By Ray Bert '93 A 

"My very favorite book, when I was perhaps 6 years old, 
was the Golden Book Encyclopedia" says Robert Lindberg '74. 
"The last chapter was on the solar system, and I read it over and 
over again." 

Growing up on Long Island in the 1950s, Lindberg was 
as single-minded — and as prescient — in his passion as a young 
boy can be. He was fascinated by America's fledgling space pro- 
gram, and still has a copy of a report he did on astronaut Alan 
Shepard's first flight. That he would eventually contribute to 
the history of the space program would not have surprised the 
youngster. "I think I knew," Lindberg admits. 

Until recently Lindberg served as deputy general manager 
of the Advanced Programs Group for space contracting giant 
Orbital Sciences Corporation. His work at Orbital ranged from 
in-the-trenches technical development of rockets and satellites, 
to conceptual design of experimental spacecraft, to business 

of Robert Lindberg 

expansion. "They were always very supportive 
and offered me opportunities to grow and do 
different things." 

Orbital, headquartered in Dulles, Va., was 
supportive in no small part because Lindberg helped 
build the company into what it is today. Still in its infancy 
when he joined in 1987, Orbital had just one product (an 
upper-stage rocket for the space shuttle), one contract, and 
fewer than 25 employees. Now an established contractor with 
NASA as well as a niche Department of Defense contractor, 
Orbital employs more than 2,000 people and measures its 
annual revenue in the hundreds of millions of dollars. In 2002 
Orbital won a key missile defense contract worth approximately 
$900 million over eight years, and in early 2003 was awarded 
another worth nearly half a billion dollars over 10 years. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 1 3 

Now that Orbital is all grown up, Lindberg has moved on 
to the newly formed National Institute of Aerospace (NIA). 
The nonprofit research institute has strong ties to NASA's 
Langley Research Center — the preeminent aeronautical research 
laboratories in the world. Lindberg serves as NIAs vice presi- 
dent for research and program development, becoming involved 
at a crucial point in the organization's beginnings — a role that 
he feels comfortable in because he has played it so often, in all 
areas of his life. "It seems like I've always been associated with 
growth entities," he says. 

Hooked on Space 

After receiving a physics degree from WPI and then an engi- 
neering physics master's degree from the University of Virginia, 
Lindberg took a job with the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) 
in Washington, D.C., as a researcher in the Navy's space pro- 
gram. "Once I was working there," he says, "I knew that I'd be 
in aerospace for the rest of my life." 

During his 10 years at NRL, Lindberg earned his doctorate 
of engineering science in mechanical engineering and also 
moved up the management chain to become responsible for 
conceptual design of the Navy's future spacecraft and satellite 
systems. His next mission: Orbital Sciences Corporation. 

In Orbital Lindberg had found a company poised to capi- 
talize on the growing interest in commercial space flight, one 
where he could continue to indulge his fascination with space. 
Soon after Lindberg came on board, chief engineer Antonio 
Elias invented Pegasus, a rocket air-launched from underneath 
an airplane designed to take small satellites (roughly 600-800 
pounds) into low Earth orbit. Lindberg worked on the develop- 
ment team for Pegasus; today it is an industry workhorse that 
has been launched approximately 30 times since 1990. Elias, 
now general manager of Orbital's Advanced Programs Group, 
says "Bob's ability to lead was integral to the company's growth. 
In the early days we were like a small tribe, and Bob was one of 
the more inspiring members of the tribe. People liked him." 

The rocket established a market for building small satel- 
lites. Lindberg developed the company's first — an R&D satellite 
for the Air Force called APEX — as well as a manufacturing 
facility. His recollection of the frenetic period — "We were 
building the satellite as we were building the facility to build 
it!" — is evidence of what drives him to choose endeavors that 
aren't yet defined, that seem full of possibility. 

In 1995 Orbital tapped Lindberg to lead a high-profile 
project — both full of possibility and undefined. The X-34 
program called for developing an experimental, unmanned 
hypersonic rocket plane to serve as a technology test bed for 
a next-generation reusable launch vehicle. Designed to be 
dropped from an airplane, the X-34 would fly at Mach 8 to 
[he outer limits of the atmosphere before reentering to land 
horizontally on a runway. 

"That," Lindberg says, rising from his chair to retrieve 
a model of the X-34 from a nearby shelf, "was this baby." 
He brandishes the model with pride and glee, seeming for just 
an instant like that 6-year-old boy dreaming of the stars. 

The Politics of Science 

The X-34 project's raison d'etre was to develop technologies 
that would enable NASA to operate a reusable launch vehicle 
much more efficiently than the space shuttle. "Because of the 
complexity of its systems, a shuttle takes as much as four 
months to process between flights, with 11,000 to 15,000 
people involved. That's very costly," Lindberg says. 

By improving critical technologies such as thermal protec- 
tion on the simpler X-34, he says, they'd hoped to eventually 
develop a preflight inspection checklist similar to that used for 

"NASA's research in 

aeronautics, space science, earth 

observation and planetary 

exploration will continue, as we 

also develop a recovery plan for 

the space shuttle program." 

— Bob Lindberg '74 

commercial aircraft. This would allow the X-34 to be processed 
for a repeat flight within two weeks — meaning that it could fly 
more missions at a lower cost per flight. The problem is a 
vicious circle: "Those checklists are efficient for commercial air- 
craft because we have 90 years of aviation experience on which 
to draw. We don't have that with rocket planes," Lindberg says. 
"We won't have it until we fly them routinely, and we won't flv 
them routinely until we can do it cost-effectively, which won't 
happen until we have a simple checklist." 

He smiles at the conundrum, offering no hint of frustra- 
tion. Lindberg's temperament seems suited to tackling technical 
puzzles: driven enough to seek out solutions, but practical 
enough to recognize when a solution may, for the moment at 
least, be out of reach. 

That was the case with the X-34. NASA cancelled the 
program early in 2001, before the X-34 ever flew. Though 
Lindberg says it was becoming increasingly clear that reusable 
launch was not necessarily the panacea it was originally thought 
to be, there was much that they learned. "There were two tailed 
missions to Mars, and NASA had got beaten up by Congress," 
he says. "The X-34 was by its nature risk)', and therefore didn't 
fit in an atmosphere where it was politically un.KLcptablc to 
rail. Science doesn't take place in a political vacuum .1 valuable 
lesson I take to mv new job.'' he adds. 

14 Transformation! \ Spring 2003 

At NLA, Lindberg is responsible for a wide array of 
research programs. "We are an institute without any labora- 
tories, because we have access to all of the Langley labs," he 
says. "It's exciting, because thete's something like $4 billion 
worth of investment at Langlev, and there are certain things 
that you can only do there. 

"NASA's responsibilities reach well beyond just the space 
shuttle and human spaceflight," Lindberg says. NIA is collabo- 
rating with NASA on research in topics as diverse as the design 
of new aircraft that mimic biological flight, the development of 
next-generation technologies for air traffic control, and new 
satellite sensors to improve weather and climate prediction. 

"NASA's research in aeronautics, space science, earth obser- 
vation and planetary exploration will continue," he says, "as we 
also develop a recovery plan for the space shuttle program." 

With this latest career move, Lindberg is now a full-time 
manager — a natural progression from his work at Orbital. 
"While there is the possibility for me to do research, I'm first 
and foremost an executive," he says. Lindberg also serves as 
president of the American Astronautical Sociery, which keeps 
his hand in space, now that he focuses primarily on non-space 
matters at NIA. He credits his WPI years with incubating his 
hybrid of business acumen and technological know-how, the 
force that has propelled him on his career trajectory. 

The Right Start 

The young Lindberg had set off for WPI, intent on majoring in 
physics and becoming an astronomer. He was disabused of the 

latter notion by "a very wise professor" who explained how few 
opportunities there were in the field. But it was another wise 
professor who had perhaps the largest impact on his education: 
John van Alstyne (known simply as "van A" to generations of 
WPI students) offered Lindberg, then in his sophomore year, 
the opportunity to be one of the "guinea pigs" for the WPI 
Plan, in its early, experimental stage. 

"The Plan was radical at the time," Lindberg says. 
"I was probably the first person in the history of the Physics 
Depattment to fail a competency exam," he says with a smile. 
"I don't wear it as a badge of honor. The professors were still 
trying to figure out how hard it should be — and I can tell you, 
the first year it was pretty darn difficult; I took it rwice!" He 
persevered and became one of the otiginal 60 Plan graduates. 

The unconventional curriculum helped Lindberg develop 
communication skills that would serve him well on the business 
side of engineering work. Preparing his major project and com- 
petency exam presentations taught him to speak confidendy in 
front of an audience. For his interactive project he served as the 
science and technology writer for the Worcester Telegram & 
Gazette. "I really took to it," he says. What he discovered, even 
if it wasn't clear at the time, was a model for situations in which 
he would thrive. 

Lindberg's penchant for casting his lot with fledgling 
endeavors extends into his personal life. An avid swimmer (he 
swam on the varsity team for four years at WPI and coached at 
UVA), he became involved in 1988 with a local swim club in 
the Washington, D.C., area. From humble beginnings as a one- 
day-a-week program for 30 or 40 kids, the club now boasts 400 
swimmers and more rhan a dozen coaches, including Lindberg, 
who is professionally certified by the American Swimming 
Coaches Association. The club has sent two swimmers to the 
Olympic Trials and more rhan a dozen others to competitive 
NCAA colleges. 

Being involved with swiming has a great fringe benefit for 
Lindberg: time with his kids. Bethany, the oldest, holds the Big 12 
Conference record in the 200-meter backstroke and was an 
All-American; Christian tanks in the top 10 in the country in 
freestyle at Virginia Tech; and youngest, Sarah, also swims. 

In addition to raising their own children, Lindberg and his 
wife, Nancy, have served as foster parents for the last 12 years. 
"We've had 20 foster children, working through Catholic 
Charities," he says. As is befitting a man so drawn to the early 
stages of things, many of the childten have been infants put up 
for adoption. 

"We've had some for as little as a week and othets for as 
long as a year. One little boy we had for 13 months," Lindberg 
says, his normally resonant voice going quiet. As he speaks you 
can hear his hope that he's helped give that boy (and others) a 
good start, so that someday they may find their own favorite 
chapters in the Golden Book Encyclopedia. D 

Ray Ben '93 is a free-lance writer in Arlington, Va. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 1 5 


By Michael W. Dorsey 

In a bomb-scarred building, on a dusty, rubble-strewn street 

in a foreign city, a U.S. soldier is in mortal trouble. Nearby, an Army medic huddles in a doorway, 
a tiny computer screen set in front of his eye like a jeweler's loupe. The numbers on the screen tell 
the soldier's story: blood pressure plummeting, pulse slowing, blood oxygen dropping. 

Tiny wireless sensors attached to the soldier's body monitor his failing vital signs and radio 
them to a pager-sized transmitter strapped to his belt. The transmitter encrypts the information 
and broadcasts it — along with the soldier's exact location in three dimensions — to the medic, who 
is soon at his side. 

Unzipping a pouch in his jacket, the medic pulls out an ultrasound transducer the size of a 
computer mouse and switches on his small, wearable computer. "Scan," he calls into a helmet- 
mounted microphone. As he probes the soldier's abdomen, an image flashes on his eyepiece 
revealing internal injuries from an AK-47 round. 

The medic radios for help and broadcasts the soldier's ultrasound images to the field hospital. 
All the while, the sensors keep hospital personnel posted, moment by precious moment, on the 
state of the soldier's health. When the medevac chopper touches down, surgeons are standing by, 
armed with the information they need to immediately work to save the young man's life. 


Cadet Erica Schmidt, a senior at Assumption College in Worcester, is 
training to be a medic with the Bay State Battalion of the Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps (ROTC), headquartered at WPI. She represents the next 
generation of military medics who will be able to monitor an entire cadre 
of troops from afar using wearable sensors, data transmission networks, 
and portable ultrasound technologies being developed at WPI in conjunc- 
tion with the U.S. Army. If history is a guide, these advances in military 
medicine will find their way into the civilian sector, improving healthcare 
for all of us. 

Building on a Solid Foundation 

This is the vision of the future of battlefield medi- 
cine that WPI is helping to create in its Center for 
Untethered Healthcare. It builds upon more than a 
ecade of wotk on wireless networking, noninvasive 
medical sensors and ultrasound imaging. Providing 
critical medical data to medical personnel where and 

hen they need it will inctease the odds of survival 
for the wounded or injured. 

Congress appropriated an initial award to the 
centet of more than $800,000, through the U.S. Army 
Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) at 
Fort Detrick, Md., for creating technology to monitor the health 
of soldiets in the field in teal time. An additional $1 million 
was appropriated for rhe project in FY03. 

The center is one of four research entities that make up the 
univetsiry's new Bioengineering Institute (BEI). Headquartered 
at Gateway Patk, a 10-acre industrial area a few blocks from 
campus (and thousands of miles from any hot spot) being tede- 
veloped by a for-profit pattnership of WPI and Worcester 
Business Development Corporation, BEI fosters research in 
untethered healthcare, bioprocess and tissue engineeting, 
moleculat engineering, and comparative neuroimaging. It's 
designed as an incubatot for startup companies and will also 
license technology to established biomedical and pharma- 
ceutical firms. Current corporate partnets include Abbott 
Laboratories, maker of healthcare products from antibiotics 

Transformations \ Spring 2 003 17 

to nutritional drinks, and Nypro, a leading injection-molding 
firm in Clinton, Mass., specializing in bioengineered products. 

WPFs foray into untethered medicine brings together 
three mature lines of research in two academic departments: 
noninvasive physiological sensors, a longtime focus of research 
for Yitzhak Mendelson, professor of biomedical engineering; 
wireless communications and geolocation, the specialty of 
William Michalson, professor of electrical and computer engi- 
neering and director of the Center for Untethered Healthcare; 
and advanced techniques for medical ultrasound, the work to 
which Peder Pedersen, professor of electrical and computer engi- 
neering, has devoted the past 15 years. 

Separately, Mendelson, Michalson and Pedersen must over- 
come a host of technical obstacles to complete the portion of the 
system they are developing for the Army. But each will also face 
a number of common challenges. Many of these are direcdy 
related to the fact that their technology must be carried into the 
field and used by soldiers and medics under hostile conditions. 

For example, electronic gear designed for field use must be 
rugged and reliable. Soldiers already carry up to 90 pounds of 

To minimize power use, Michalson, Mendelson and 
Pedersen will likely give their devices standby and sleep modes 
that reduce power needs to the bare minimum. Mendelson says 
he hopes to create intelligent sensors that remain silent unless 
a medic calls for a reading or until an anomalous reading 
is detected. 

Keeping Tabs on Vital Signs 

In his laboratory, Yitzhak Mendelson peers through a huge 
magnifier as he assembles the tiny components of sensor proto- 
types with the concentration of a watchmaker. With eight 
patents to his credit, Mendelson is a keen innovator. He is 
developing the wireless sensor to monitor pulse rate, skin tem- 
perature and arterial oxygen saturation — a measure of how fully 
charged red blood cells are with oxygen. Blood loss or injury to 
the lungs would cause saturation to dip. 

To undetstand the state of a patient's health, a doctor gath- 
ers basic data such as heart and breathing rates, temperature, 

Advanced Physiological Sensors 

Small, intelligent wireless sensors will monitor 
vital signs of soldiers in real time, alerting 
medics and field commanders when problems 
arise. Yitzhak Mendelson is developing sensors 
that will measure pulse rate, skin temperature 
and blood oxygenation. To extend battery life, 
the sensors will use low-power LEDs surrounded 
by a ring of highly sensitive light detectors. 

equipment and supplies, so it needs to be lightweight. Since it 
will be employed amid the chaos of war, it must be easy to use. 
One of the most important and vexing challenges the 
researchers will face is minimizing the power requirements 
of their systems. 

"Soldiers are already equipped with all sorts of devices, 
including radios, that require batteries," Michalson says. 
"Batteries are now a soldier's lifeline to the outside world. 
Between 30 and 50 percent of the weight a soldier carries con- 
si si . dI batteries. In Lit l, I've heard I nun soldiers who \a\ the) II 
get rid of clothing and rood so they can carry more batteries." 

and blood pressure. Through its Warfighter Physiological Status 
Monitoring program, the U.S. Army hopes medics and field 
commanders can keep tabs on the vital signs of every soldier by 
way of wireless sensors attached to a soldier's body or built into 
his uniform. 

Mendelson has been working tor more than a decade to 
advance the technology for measuring oxygen saturation with a 
technique known as pulse oximetry. Pulse oximeters shine light 
of two specific frequencies through the fingertip or earlobe and 
then measure the intensity of the light transmitted to a photo- 
detector. The technique is based on the knowledge that 
well-oxygenated blood is bright red, while oxygen-poor blood 
is a darker, bluish red. 

One of his innovations was CO place the oximeters light- 
emitting diodes and photodetec tor side b\ side. Since SUCJl a 
sensor measures reflected light, rather than transmitted light. 

1 8 Transformatiom \ Spring 2003 

it can be placed almost anywhete on the body (readings from 
peripheral areas like the fingertips and ears can be unreliable in 
cold weather or when the body has lost a lot of blood). Using 
this technique, Mendelson is developing a sensor that can be 
applied to a fetus to monitor oxygen saturation in real time 
during labor and delivery. 

Among the challenges Mendelson will face are making the 
sensors as small and light as possible, and building in circuitry 
for power management and advanced signal processing. He 
must also devise a way to keep the devices in contact with the 
soldier's skin, no matter how sweaty or grimy. 

"Surprisingly, this will be one of the more difficult chal- 
lenges," he notes. "It will take some research to determine how 
best to keep the sensors in place where they can do their job 
and still make them relatively unobtrusive to soldiers." Various 
types of tape and adhesive, sensors built into clothing or the 
headband of a helmet, and sensors that double as rings will be 
among the options studied. 

provide this kind of information, which cannot be obtained in 
any other way," notes Peder Pedersen. "It's not feasible ro take 
X-rays or MRI scans in the field, so the best choice is ultra- 

To develop an ultrasound unit for the Army, Pedersen will 
begin with existing hardware and software, including a wearable 
personal computer and a Terason 2000 portable ultrasound 
scanner from Teratech Corp. The Terason is the only portable 
ultrasound unit currently on the market that runs on a regular 
PC, which will enable Pedersen to add his own enhancements. 

Those add-ons will include power management, image 
enhancement and voice-recognition software. Medics need to 
have their hands free (one to hold the transducer and one to 
support the patient), and bringing a computer monitor into 
the field is impractical. Plans call for operating the scanner 
with voice commands, rather than a keyboard or a mouse, and 
viewing images on a flip-down eyepiece. Power management 
software will extend battery life while assuring that the scannet 

Wearable Ultrasound Scanners 

itarting with off-the-shelf technology, Peder 
■edersen will develop an ultrasound unit built 
■round a wearable PC. Medics will operate the 
■nit with voice commands, to keep their hands 
ree, and view images in a flip-down eyepiece, 
'edersen will also tackle the daunting challenge of 
leveloping techniques to process ima ges of injuires 
ind wounds to make them eas ier to interpret. 





Networking and Location 


William Michalson is developing the wireless 
protocols and signdls that will permit sensor data 
! and ultrasound images to be transmitted reliably in 
the unforgiving environment of the urban battle- 
ground. The signals must be encrypted, be difficult 
to jam, and support hundreds of users in a relatively 
small area. Michalson will also build in technology 
that will transmit a soldier's exact location. 

Power use will be a critical issue, as well. The most power- 
hungry components of the sensor will be the light-emitting 
diodes. The bright red and infrared light they produce also con- 
cerns the Army, since it could give away a soldier's position at 
night. Mendelson will likely address both issues by using low- 
power diodes that emit little light. He'll surround them with 
a ring of detectors capable of capturing the small amount of 
reflected light. 

Giving Medics Inside Knowledge 

Two soldiers lie wounded, but only one can be evacuated right 
away. How can a medic know which one has massive internal 
bleeding and which one took a bullet that miraculously left his 
vital organs untouched? "Ultrasound imaging technology can 

and PC are available at a moment's notice. 

Pedersen's tasks include adapting existing voice recognition 
software by developing a small vocabulary of simple, distinctive 
and easy-to-remember commands. He'll incorporate signal pro- 
cessing algorithms that will enable the software to filter 
out background noise — whether thumping helicopter blades ot 
gunfire. Developing this hardware and software will take time, 
but Pedersen says his greatest challenge will be finding ways 
to display images of injuries so that medics, who are not likely 
to have had extensive training in ultrasound, can readily deci- 
pher them. 

"We want to help the medic make the right decisions for 
critical injuries," Pedersen says. "We're not talking about using 
the system to see subtle things. We're looking to be able to 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 I 9 

determine the extent of bleeding and internal injuries. How do 
we present those images so they are easy to interpret?" 

Pedersen and his students will simulate common internal 
injuries using tissue phantoms — materials that look to an ultra- 
sound scanner like organs, blood vessels and other tissues. Next 
they'll develop intelligent image processing techniques that can 
recognize and enhance these specific images. 

In this part of the project, Pedersen will draw on his exten- 
sive work with modeling on a computer how the signals that 
produce two-dimensional ultrasound images are generated from 
reflections off three-dimensional tissue and organ structures. 

"From fairly simple experimentation to the complex struc- 
ture of the human body is a big jump," he notes. "There is a lot 
of research between where we are and where we want to be, 
making it difficult to say just how successful we will be." 

Making the Right Connections 

A soldier crouches in an alleyway, waiting for the enemy who 
could be anywhere: around the block, on the 10th floot of a 
nearby building, in the next alley. 

"Today's battlefield is more likely to be-an urban environ- 
ment — fighting building to building, floor to floor," says Bill 
Michalson, who is working on a wireless link to transmit images 
and data back to medics. "It's a horrible situation for wireless." 

The third part of WPI's contribution to future battlefield 
medical systems is this wireless link. While it may seem like the 
most straightforward part of the project, it is one of the most 
complex, according to Michalson. 

Wireless protocols employed in 
today's cell phones and wireless networks 
are inadequate for use in combat, 
Michalson says. "They're not secure, 
they're too easy to detect, and they can 
be easily jammed. They're not designed 
to work in the highly complex environ- 
ment of the modern battlefield." 

Michalson is approaching this 
challenge by studying existing wireless 
protocols under realistic conditions to better understand theit 
strengths and weaknesses, and by focusing on the design of sig- 
nals, or waveforms, that exhibit specific characteristics (difficult 
to detect, high bandwidth, etc.) with the hope of finding one 
that meets the Army's daunting tequirements."It has to support 
as many users as possible in a confined space, have properties 
that make it stealthy and hard to jam, be able to support trans- 
missions at the kind of bandwidth we need, and be effective in 
the indoor environment. It's a massive challenge, and some of 
the characteristics are mutually exclusive." 

The wireless systems Michalson will develop must not only 
send and receive communications, but transmit the exact loca- 
tion of each soldier. This portion of the project will draw on 
Michalson's extensive work on using the Global Positioning 

(Continual on page 47) 


The carnage of the battlefield has often inspired 
advances in medical care. From the blood-soaked 
hospital tents of the Civil War came innovations 
in emergency surgery and anesthesia. Penicillin first 
saw widespread use during World War II, and modern 
trauma centers owe much to the medevac helicopters 
and MASH units field-tested in Korea and Vietnam. 

Over the past decade, the U.S. Department of 
Defense has invested more than $500 million in 
research and development in what it sees as one of the 
next major advances in medical care — telemedicine, or 
the delivery of medical care at a distance. Through 
telemedicine, the military hopes to put new and more 
effective lifesaving tools into the hands of medics and 
physicians working in the field, give field commanders 
instant access to information about the status of troops 
under their command, and increase combat readiness 

When the United States joined a U.N. intervention during the 
Bosnian War in the 1990s, medics used satellite hookups to transmit 
medical images, such as those pictured at the leleradiology view 
station (far right). Physicians in field hospitals had access to medical 
specialists via satellite telephones and videoconferencing systems 

20 Transformation! \ Spring 2003 

UjJiJi^ _fi_^ 

"There is a growing popular expectation that our 
military operations should be without casualties. 

Stephen C. Joseph, M.D. 

Former assistant secretary of defense for health affairs 

by keeping troops healthier and returning sick or wounded 
troops to service sooner. 

The push for new telemedicine applications is part of a 
larger effort to equip tomorrow's soldiers with technology that 
will make them more effective and informed fighters, better 
protect them from the hazards of combat, and increase their 
odds of survival should they be wounded or become ill — every- 
thing from high-tech guns that can shoot around corners to 
Robocop-like exoskeletons that augment a soldiers strengths 
and running speed. 

"There is a growing popular expectation that our military 
operations should be without casualties," noted Stephen C. 
Joseph, M.D., former assistant secretary of defense for health 
affairs, in a 1996 speech. "This, in the age of instant global 
video journalism, has significantly raised the expectation for 
sophisticated casualty care and medical services whenever and 
wherever casualties may occur." 

One of the earliest military experiments with modern med- 
ical technology was a research project launched by the U.S. 
Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) 
in 1990 to develop digital X-rays, eliminating the need to 
store X-ray film. The project gave rise to a new unit within 
USAMRMC called the Telemedicine and Advanced Technology 
Research Center (TATRC). This subordinate unit focuses exclu- 

sively on telemedicine and advanced medical technologies. 
(WPTs funding is being administered by the USAMRMC and 
TATRC project offices.) 

In the 1990s, TATRC field-tested a series of increasingly 
sophisticated telemedicine systems in Somalia, Macedonia, 
Croatia and Bosnia. The systems enabled physicians at field 
hospitals to transmit medical images and converse with medical 
specialists via videoconferencing or satellite hookups. 

The U.S. Navy has used ship-to-shore telemedicine 
for more than a decade. And when troops began shipping out 
to the Persian Gulf in preparation for action in Iraq, medics 
took along laptops and PDAs (personal digital assistants) to 
record information about injuries and illnesses that beset sol- 
diers. The information will be transmitted to a central database 
that will help military planners spot trends that may allow for 
early detection of chemical or biological weapon attacks. 

Moving from telemedicine to truly untethered healthcare 
will take a major leap forward in technology. TATRC, DARPA 
(the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) and other 
U.S. military organizations are funding a number of projects 
aimed at bridging the gap. Wireless technology, physiological 
sensors and ultrasound units for field conditions — the projects 
being pursued by WPI's Center for Untethered Healthcare — 
are widely seen as among the most critical technical needs. 


HUMS _ — w \ - is 



Imoges courtesy of the 
United States Army Medical 
Research and Materiel 
Command's Telemedicine 
and Advanced Technology 
Research Center. 

i , -■ j 


Transformations \ Spring 2003 21 



Gary Goshgarian 'l 
explores the literary 
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By Joan Killough-Miller 

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Gary Goshgarian's writing career began after a 
dangerous scuba diving trip off the island of Mallorca. While 
exploring ancient artifacts, Goshgarian's parry was attacked 
underwater by modern-day pirates. "They cut across our bub- 
bles, dragging anchors with chains," he says, "and slashed our 
inflatable boat with machetes. We had no idea that we had 
stumbled upon a very hot antiquities operation that was illegally 
selling artifacts to museums around the word." Recognizing a 
great plot, Goshgarian shifted the action to the Greek Isles, 
added a touch of romance and a live volcano, and published 
Atlantis Fire in 1980. 

As a novelist, Goshgarian (who now uses the pen name 
Gary Braver) is famous for writing biotech thrillers. As a prof- 
essor, he helps students take a deeper look into his chosen literary 
genre, known for its heart-pounding action, bloodthirsty creatures, 
and nightmares of technology gone wild. In person, Goshgarian 
is articulate about the elements of good fiction. When he speaks 
of his own books and those he uses to teach his courses at 
Northeastern University, it is clear that he is talking about 

"Good science fiction is good literature that just happens 
to have a scientific underbelly," he says. "The term 'thriller' 
sometimes turns people off because they think it's all wham- 
bam, plot-driven tales with flat, stereotypical characters. 
I say that I write 'suspense,' which may be a kinder, gentler 
label. Fortunately, my books have gotten praise for their literary 
quality, as well as their page-turner, scientific credibility." 

According to Goshgarian, there is a distinct difference 
between pulp fiction and literary fiction: artistry. "The scenes 
should say more than what they are. They should transcend 
the literal level. They should be part of a higher allegory or 
metaphor. But, obviously execution is everything. You can 
make it very tasteful using artistic restraint." 

Goshgarian isn't a fan of graphic horror movies. "I like the 
bad stuff more implied, where you still have to use your imagi- 
nation." To illustrate, he compares Bela Lugosi in the 1931 
black-and-white Dracula, which only implies the violence 
and sexual subtext of the Victorian-era novel by Bram Stoker, 
to Francis Ford Coppola's 1 993 movie Bram Stoker's Dracula. 

"There was no flesh in the original Dracula movie," says 
Goshgarian. "There was absolutely no sexual interlude, yet the 
sexual seductiveness of Lugosi's Dracula was far more successful, 
in my mind, than Coppola's version." 

Gary Braver, the novelist, practices what Professor 
Goshgarian preaches. In his 2002 thriller Gray Matter, he writes 
with restraint about an operation to "harvest" brain matter 
from a smart but poor girl named Lilly Bellingham for trans- 
plant into a wealthy child. Rather than spattering blood and 
brains against operating room walls, Goshgarian creates a tran- 
quil scene, with attendants who gently prep and shave the scalp 
of the unsuspecting victim. As cloudy pink fluid is withdrawn 
from her skull, Lilly recedes into a dteamlike state. Her mental 
powers slowly diminish, until she is unable to remember her 
own name. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 23 

From Physics to Fiction 

As a physics major at WPI in the 1960s, Goshgarian and a few 
friends were drawn to their English professor, the late James 
Hensel, whom he calls "the teacher of all teachers." Goshgarian 
named a character in Elixir for Hensel, and another is named 
for former WPI president Harry P. Storke. 

"We were literature geeks in an otherwise science geeky 
kind of place," Goshgarian says. "In the afternoon, after classes 
were out, we would meet up in Jim Hensel's office to talk about 
everything from Charles Dickens to Tolstoy to Albert Einstein." 
The young Goshgarian put his writing talents to use as an editor 
of Tech News and the Peddler, and started an offbeat humor 
magazine called Absolute Zero. 

"I was reading science fiction by the pound," he says. By 
his sophomore year, Goshgarian knew that he would work with 
words rather than atoms. "I liked words. I could see them and 
manipulate them. I could not see atoms, didn't quite believe in 
them." After earning a master's degree and doctorate in English, 
he joined the English faculty at Northeastern University. 

In the early 1970s Goshgarian's department head chal- 
lenged him to create a new elective to boost enrollment. He saw 
his chance to teach quality science fiction as a reputable literary 
form. Some 30 years later, his courses are popular and well- 
respected, although parents occasionally balk, "My child is 
taking what?" In addition to science fiction, Goshgarian teaches 
a detective fiction class and has developed courses in horror 
fiction and modern best sellers. He also offers a graduate-level 
creative writing seminar. 

Required reading for Goshgarian's classes ranges from 
Edgar Allan Poe to Ray Bradbury, Arthur C. Clarke and Dean 
Koontz. A centerpiece of the science fiction curriculum is Mary 
Shelley's Frankenstein. Discussions are supplemented with 
movies and guest speakers, which have included best-selling 
authors Stephen King, Tess Gerritsen, Robert B. Parker and 
Michael Palmer. 

Goshgarian wants his writing stu- 
dents to learn "the ability to look at 
another person's writing the way a 
carpenter looks at a house — to 
study the architecture of it, the 
freshness of the language, 
the narrative thrust that 
keeps the story going. And 
to see that the bones have flesh 
on them, that you have characters 
who are interesting and aren't 
cardboard cutouts. 

"My goal is to make them 
better readers, too. That's the secret 
of good writing. We do a lot of 
close reading. That's what Jim 
Hensel taught me, way back at 
Worcester Tech." 

A Braver World 

Goshgarian's medical thrillers show 

what can go wrong when characters 

say yes to scientific advances that 

dangle temptations such as eternal 

life (Elixir), genius offspring (Gray 

Matter), and a miracle cure for Alzheimer's 

disease (the upcoming Flashback). "All these stories are essentially 

science without foresight, without asking, 'If this did come 

about, what would be the social or political or moral or human 

consequences?'" Goshgarian points out that he is not opposed to 

progress. "My books aren't anti-medicine," he explains. "They 

raise a flag against violating some natural principle, or violating 

an ethic of good scientific management. Tampering with human 

biology is different from the practice of medical science." 

Excerpt from Gray Matter 

Martin and Rachel Whitman are consulting Dr. Lucius Malenko about a top-secret surgical 
procedure that can "enhance" the intelligence of their son, Dylan. 

"Your son's IQ will be higher. " 

"It will?" Martin's voice skipped an octave. He could not disguise his excitement. "How much higher?" 

Malenko smiled. "How much would you like?" 

"You mean we have a choice?" 

Malenko chuckled. "Enhancement can't be fine-tuned to an exact number, of course. " He then unlocked a drawer from a file cabinet behind 
him and removed a folder from which he removed some charts. The first was a lopsided bell curve showing the IQ distribution of high school seniors 
and the colleges they attended. On the far right end of the curve where the scores went from eighty-five to one hundred and five, the schools listed 
were community colleges and Southern state schools. But at the long thin tapered end were the A-lisl institutions — Stanford. Col lech. Ml I. U /'/. 
and the top Ivy Leagues. 

"Dylan's IQ is currently about eighty-two. Let's say. for instance, that it was enhanced by fifteen point*, be would /u<t get by in the typical high 
school. Another fifteen points would mean he'd perform well in high school and just passably at a mid level college. Another fifteen points would 
mean he'd do well at the better colleges. Another fifteen points — an II j about one hundred forty - would mean he'd do a sterling job at the better 
colleges. Another fifteen points and he would have an incandescent mind capable of doing superior work at the ray best institutions. " 

"Incandescent mind. " The phrase hummed in Rachel's consciousness. 

"Wow. " whispered Martin. 

It's a message that teaders want to hear. Goshgarian 
expects the print run of Gray Matter in paperback to top 
half a million copies 

Behind the sci-fi fantasy is a world of meticulous research. 
Elixir opens in a remote jungle, made vivid with details from 
Goshgarian's own trek into the rain forest. How does an English 
professor in Boston find out how to make a shrunken head? 
"I've been to New Guinea. I asked," he replies dryly, then laughs. 

Closer to his Arlington home, the author spends hours 
with doctors in the Longwood hospital area near Northeastern, 
gathering material for his medical thrillers. When the teenage 
characters in Gray Matter begin to suspect that their parents 
have had them "enhanced" through stereotaxic brain surgery, 
Goshgarian puts their scars in just the right place. 

Goshgarian sets most of his novels in the Boston area, 
with familiar towns and landmarks. Gray Matter contains a 
brief but flattering reference to WPI as one of the A-list 
schools that a superior student would want to attend (see 
excerpt previous page). 

The ideas for Goshgarian's novels can come from 
anywhere: the spark might come from a news item, 
or a conversation with his wife. "I like big-concept things, 
big 'what-ifs,'" he says. 

Gray Matter looks at society's overwhelming desire 
to be smarter, and taps into the guilt-ridden anxieties 
of affluent parents who seek quick fixes for the children 
they don't have time to raise. 

Rough Beast harks back to a college summer job 
in a Raytheon laboratory that was tucked away in the 
woods of Maynard, Mass. "I was part of a team of 
scientists trying to make exotic weapons that might shorten 
the Vietnam War," he says. "Rough Beast is the fictional story of 
a normal middle-class family whose house sits on the site of 
a 30-year-old secret military project to sterilize the Viet Cong. 
The stuff leaches into the family's drinking water, affecting 
the 12-year-old son." 

Facing these dilemmas are very real people, with under- 
standable motives. The mother in Gray Matter, for example, 
is tortured by the possibility that she may have caused her son's 
learning disabilities with the recreational drugs she used in 
college. "I work backwards," says Goshgarian. "I think up awful 
possibilities, and then line things up in the story that would 
lead to that conclusion." 

Is there always a cost to the characters who succumb to 
these irresistible temptations? "Yes," says the novelist, "other- 
wise you wouldn't have a story." He points back to Mary 
Shelley's Frankenstein, which he calls the launchpad for three- 
quarters of all science fiction. "It's all cautionary. It's all 'don't 
tamper.' Hundreds of thousands of stories, over the years, are 
still doing that kind of warning." D 

A Braver/Goshgarian 

Flashback (2004) 

A miracle cure for Alzheimer's disease works too well, 
bringing back long-buried traumatic memories and 
resurrecting clues to an unsolved murder. If you could relive 
your childhood, would you? What if you had no choice? 

Gray Matter (2002) 

A top-secret surgical procedure with a million-dollar price tag 
can enhance the intelligence of children from wealthy families. 
But what is the real cost, and what are the consequences for 
those who ask too many questions? 

Elixir (2000) 

When a scientist discovers the formula for an "eternal youth" 
compound, his family refuses to join him in immortality. 


The Stone Circle (1997) 

Supernatural spirits beckon from an archeological dig in 
Boston Harbor, where a billion-dollar casino-resort is under 
construction. (A 1 998 Guild/Mystery Club selection) 

Rough Beast (1995) 

In a small Massachusetts town, a 1 2-year-old boy becomes 
the victim of a government-sponsored genetic engineering 

Atlantis Fire (1980) 

Divers searching for ancient treasures stumble on the entrance 
to the lost city of Atlantis. Their dangerous quest pits them 
against corruption, greed— and an active volcano. 


Dialogues: An Argument Rhetoric and Reader (with Kathleen 
Krueger and Janet Mine); Exploring Language; The 
Contemporary Reader; Crossfire (with Kathleen Krueger); 
Horrorscape: An Anthology of Modern Horror Fiction 

Transformations | Spring 2003 25 

By Carol Cambo '- V 


If a Pratt & Whitney PW4000 jet engine powered up 
in your front yard, it would suck the oxygen out of your house 
in half a second. Inside the engine's turbine amid a blur of pre- 
cisely machined blades and expanding gases, temperatures can 
top 2000°C. That's twice the temperature ot the hottest fires 
that felled the World Trade Center and three times that of the 
sunlit side of Mercury, the planet closest to the sun. 

A turbine blade, or airfoil, is not much bigger than your 
fist. Each is cast from a nickel-based superalloy that melts at 
about 1400°C. Theoretically, the blades should turn to mush 
inside the engine's inferno — not a comforting thought when 
you're cruising at 30,000 feet in a Boeing 747. 

The (act that the blades survive has to do with .1 bit 
of alchemy performed by Pratt's engineers and technicians. 

They coat the blade with vaporized zirconia, a thermally insu- 
lating ceramic highly resistant to heat, then perforate each 
airfoil with tiny laser-drilled holes to pump cooling air. By the 
time it's finished, a blade is ready to withstand extraordinary 
temperatures — at a cost of between $1,000 and 55,000 apiece. 

In the cutthroat business of building jet engines, every 
dollar and every degree of temperature count. Through a coop- 
erative program called the Learning Factory, WPI students 
tackled projects at Pratt & Whitney that have helped the com- 
pany solve the cooling problem and other manufacturing issues. 
It's a relationship that gives students real-work experience, with 
a company whose products power more than half of the world's 
commercial aviation fleet. For Pratt, the payoffs are unleashing 
agile minds on its challenges and, often, giving potential 
employees a test flight. 

Illuminating the Problem 

"Fly this girl as high as you can into the wild blue. . . " 

The Dixie Chicks 

Twangy country vocals fill the hallway outside Washburn 252. 
Inside the closet-sized lab, seniors Susie Mendenhall and Beka 
Fowler attach coated wires to light-emitting diodes. Beka 
instant messages a friend as she calls up Lab View on her com- 
puter. The women are preparing for a test run of their system 
this afternoon. 

Susie and Beka are the latest WPI students to work on 
thermal barrier coating systems for PW4000 Pratt & Whitney 
turbine blades, which are used in a variety of gas turbine 
engines for both military and commercial aircraft. Using beams 
of light to simulate the application of zirconia vapor during the 
manufacturing process, the students have developed a computer 
model that can predict exactly how the coating will be applied. 

The zirconia coating is the key to running a hotter, more 
efficient engine, but sometimes it's not enough to apply a simple, 
uniform barrier. Specific parts of the blade may need varying 
thicknesses, depending on the blade's position inside a working 

Beka attaches sensors to a wax cast of the blade. (WPI 
students do not work with actual airfoils because their precise 
shape and size are proprietary, the kind of information a com- 
petitor would like to get its hands on.) Using photocells to 
measure the intensity of light that falls on each sensor, the 
women can calibrate the intensity of light with a blade's 
position in the coating cell (and by association, the thickness 
of the thermal barrier coating) to achieve the desired thickness. 

These experiments are the culmination of much detail- 
oriented work, the students say. They set up a scrap blade with 
cooling holes, configured a light box, customized the software, 
and hooked up all the emitters and sensors. 

Despite all of the hard work — or maybe because of it — 
they say the project is meaningful. "I know it is a cliche," says 
Beka. "But the greatest thing about WPI is getting to apply 
what we've learned to a real problem." 

Their work is meaningful, at many levels, for many reasons. 
Pratt engines may literally fly these women high into the wild 
blue. After graduation, both ROTC students sign on with the 
Navy. In May Susie ships off to Jacksonville to join a jet 
squadron while Beka heads for San Diego to fly helicopters. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 27 

*K #- 







Girls Just Wanna Build Stuff: To simulate Pratt & Whitney's turbine thermal barrier coating process using light, WPI seniors Beka Fowler, left, and 
Susie Mendenhall hand-machine dozens of sensors that can measure varying degrees of light intensity and feed the data into a computer program. 

Above— and Beyond 

Every few seconds — more than 20,000 times a day — a Pratt & 
Whitney-powered airliner takes flight somewhere in the world. 
Since 1925, the company's engines have broken the barriers of 
time and distance, conquering gravity along the way. United 
Technologies (UTC), Pratt's parent company, is a $27.9 billion 
entity that includes Otis elevators and escalators, Carrier heat- 
ing and air-conditioning systems, Sikorsky helicopters, and 
Hamilton Sundstrand aerospace systems. 

The relationship between WPI and UTC reaches back to 
the 1940s. Arthur Smith '33, an early graduate of the Institute's 
aero option, spent most of his career at United Aircraft (which 
later became UTC). He ascended to president in 1968 and 
chairman in 1972. As an engineer, he pioneered the use of 
water injection to increase aircraft engine power, which con- 
tributed to the success of American aircraft during WWII. 

Over the years, UTC has funded numerous research proj- 
ects and initiatives at WPI. The company's largest gift to the 
school — $500,000 over five years, ending in 1995 — enabled 
WPI to establish the Office of Minority Affairs and to launch 
Strive, a summer outreach program for minority students. The 
gift enacted a vision shared by the company and the school, 
that promoting diversity is the key to ensuring a next genera- 
tion of highly skilled scientists and engineers. 

The relationship took a more integrated turn in 1996 with 
the founding of the Learning Factory, a project center located at 
the East Hartford plant where UTC makes commercial jet 
engines. WPI professor Rick Sisson, head of the Materials 
Science and Engineering Program, developed cooperative 
research projects between students and UTC. The inaugural 
project looked at improving the way blades are held during 

grinding. Since then, projects have run the gamut from devising 
better methods for holding the blade to improving management 
databases. And Sisson is still at it; he has advised the thermal 
barrier coating project for over three years. 

The project of "intelligently" applying thermal coating to 
airfoils was a brainchild of Mark Zelesky, manager at Pratt's 
Power Systems, and Sudhangshu Bose, a Pratt & Whitney fel- 
low in materials and manager of the hot section alloys group. 
"Over 30 undergrads have worked on this," says Sisson, "including 
Bill Weir, who completed his Ph.D. in 
manufacturing engineering on the 
project last May." Weir now teaches 
ME1800, an introduction to manu- 
facturing processes (affectionately 
known as "grunge lab") at WPI. 
Members of the team had a major 
breakthrough when they realized they 
could use light to simulate the low- 
pressure, high-temperature coating 
process. "With a little more work we 
will be close to implementing some of 
their findings," says Bose. "If the 
intelligent thermal barrier coating 
modeling had been done in-house, it 
would have taken longer and cost 
more money. So the company benefits." And so do the stu- 
dents. "They are exposed to a real manufacturing environment 
in a leading aerospace industry," he says. "They contribute to 
[ethnical problems and help us be more competitive while we 
are able to watch for potential employees.' 

WPI professor Rick Sisson, 
head of the Materials Science 
and Engineering Program 

28 Transformations | Spring 2003 

WPI Studies Software's Hardest Lessons 

There comes a time in the life of every company when it needs to 
make a dramatic change to stay competitive. Pratt & Whitney, like 
many large corporations, is in the midst of such a transition: it is 
replacing many small-scale out-of-date computer systems with one 
integrated state-of-the-art megasystem. The changeover is known in 
the industry as enterprise resource planning, or simply ERP. WPI went 
through a similar process several years ago when it switched over to 
Banner— one computer system for all of its financial, student and 
alumni recordkeeping. 

"Pratt & Whitney's implementation is one of the biggest in the 
world," says Diane Strong, professor of management, who, along 
with her fellow professors Olga Volkoff and Michael Elmes is 

studying the effect of the new software on the way the company — 
and its employees— do business. "The implementation is incredibly 
disruptive, and stressful," she says. "It's the biggest single investment 
a company has ever made— it can make or break them." 

The benefits are the Holy Grail of the corporate world: improved 
profits, efficiency, and being positioned to tap into— in real time — 
into the latest information infrastructure in the marketplace. But along 
the way, the company's very perception of itself goes through an 
interesting metamorphosis. 

"When you bring in a large piece of software, it brings in some 
built-in assumptions about the company and the way it does business 
that aren't necessarily true," explains Volkoff. "What we're looking 
at is how the organization adapts— what changes and what stays 
the same." 

Pratt has generously allowed Strong, Elmes and Volkoff complete 
access to observe the implementation. Their research is funded by a 
National Science Foundation grant of $300,000. While the team's 
findings won't be published in time to help the company, they are 
already benefiting WPI's management students, says Strong. "We 
are able to use real-world examples in the classroom of how 
technology is changing the way companies do business." 

The Hunt for Red X 

Ryan Walsh '99 was one such student. He and his roommate, 
Jason Astle '99, worked at the Learning Factory during their 
senior year. They were charged with finding the cause of exces- 
sive airfoil scrapping — unusable "factory seconds." 

"We had to understand the entire process first," remembers 
Walsh. "The scrap problem was occurring during laser drilling. 
We ran experiments, collected data. We looked at every reaction 
and interaction. It took us two months — and a bit of luck — but 
we finally figured out what was happening." 

The students' research showed that scrapping spiked after 
a particular laser drilling machine was "homed out." Inside the 
machine is an arm to which the blades are affixed; whenever 
the machine get serviced, the arm gets homed out — sent to its 
farthest possible coordinates. Walsh and Astle pored over the 
maintenance logs. They found that the scrapping problem 
began six months earlier, following a maintenance overhaul 
of the machine in question. 

That led to a talk with the technician who performed the 
overhaul. During the checkup he had changed the arrangement 
in the machine's wiring to make it more ergonomic for the 
worker. "In doing so, a rerouted wire was pulled taut every time 
the machine was homed out, thus disrupting the flow of infor- 
mation from the machine's positioning arm to its controller. 
That's what caused the drilling errors." 

Pratt officials were impressed. It was the first time students 
claimed a "ted x kill," company jargon for solving a thorny 
problem through statistical analysis. Walsh and Astle received 
an award from Pratt. Walsh signed on with the company as an 
employee in January 2000. Now he works developing software 
for the procurement end of the business. 

[It's an exciting time to be in the e-business department; 
Pratt & Whitney is in the throes of a facility-wide software 
changeover that WPI's Department of Management is studying 
(see sidebar). "It's a monster," says Walsh of the process. Ed.} 

"The best part about doing my project at Pratt was being 
part of the company. Except for the different color of our 
badges, we were real employees working on a real project — and 
we produced real results. That's better than any textbook you 
can get in any class. Plus we got to deal with real people." 

Bose says the students' fresh perspective is a productive 
addition in the workplace. "They see the bureaucracy, but they 
don't get involved so much. They focus on the work." He is 
sold on the WPI difference; his son Krish '94 works at Pratt 
and son Jay graduated from WPI's electrical engineering pro- 
gram in 2001. 

Dick Fair '74, Pratt's vice president of sales and customer 
service for the Americas, serves as liaison between the company 
and WPI. He marks his 25th year with UTC in 2003. "The 
relationship makes the company strong," says Fair. "The 
Learning Factory is a great tecruiting tool. People are attracted 
to a company for many reasons, but they stay because of the 
culture. If they feel comfortable here, we're more likely to 
retain them." 

Walsh says that it was the network, especially on a social 
level, that made Pratt the right fit for him, and probably for 
most of the other 100 or so WPI alums who work at Pratt. 
"You step right into a company of friends," he says. He and 
Fair have formed a WPI Focus Team to look at ways to foster 
the relationship. "We'll look at how we can support recruiting 
and diversity efforts and co-op programs," says Fair, "as well 
as work to steer grants and funding WPI's way." D 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 29 


Finding the connection between work and passion 

can be an engineer's greatest challenge. 

Or it can be as easy as sitting in a tree. 

For Halloween, I was a sorry superhero. 

My best friend and I made capes, briefs and wristbands, but I 
just wasn't feeling the power. I'd spent A-term in Maryland 
doing my major project at NASA's Goddard Space Flight 
Center and returned to school unsettled. Superheroes don't get 
confused. Superheroes are supposed to be busy saving the world, 
not karate-chopping inner conflict. I dragged myself to class, 
half-heartedly fluttering my cape when things looked grim. 

I've spent the past four years believing in the potential of 
socially responsible, creative engineering. In many ways NASA 
is the ideal: teams of researchers proving that the sky has no 
limits. My major project was challenging. It dealt with improv- 
ing remote soil moisture mapping. Soil mapping benefits 
environmentalists working to regulate and sustain ecosystems. 
My passion for the superhero-world-saving big picture shrank 
into lines of MATLAB code. In my work, soil moisture was 
extraneous. Syntax ruled my brain. While I mapped and coded, 
I had this vague feeling that Science (capital "S" world-improving 

Science) was happening around me, but I didn't feel connected 
to the experience. I had forgotten the cardinal rule of super- 
heroes — whenever one's in trouble, there's always reinforcement. 

The Power of One, a new WPI student group, swept onto 
campus this year with energy for activism unprecedented in my 
experience in Worcester. They must have sensed my superpow- 
ers were waning, because on Halloween they brought in one of 
the nation's top superheroes. 

Julia Butterfly Hill had spent two years of her life atop 
Luna, a one-thousand-year-old redwood tree in Northern 
California. While in Luna, Hill lobbied for the protection of 
redwood forests from logging. After two years, she succeeded 
and ensured Luna's freedom to keep growing. 

Hill's speech knocked me out of my malaise. She explained 
that she is just a normal person who was contused and had the 
time to sit in a tree. She believes there is nothing special about 
activism, thai it is merely a form ol intentional living. 

30 Transformations \ Spring 2003 

Nina Simon '02 graduated in December with a degree in electrical engineering and a minor in mathematical sciences. She 
spent February performing her poetry on an East Coast tour and is now breaking into the world of interactive museums — legally. 
She is working at several eastern Massachusetts institutions, including the Museum of Science in Boston. 

The next week I talked with my advisor, Dave Cyganski, 
about Hill's speech. I told him that I enjoy engineering, but I 
need to find a way to apply it meaningfully, in a way that 
advances values that are important to me. He said, "Look, it 
you want to help the environment, and the only skill you have 
is the ability to sit in a tree, you should do that. But if you have 
the ability to develop a new kind of paper that doesn't come 
from trees, so no one has to chop down trees, so no one has 
to sit in trees, then DO THAT." 

Even as I graduate, I wrestle with the biggest question 
facing engineering students today — finding ways to apply our 
abilities to our passions. There's no guidebook for graduates 
that says this technology will feed bombs and that one will save 
lives. Often enough, a single technology does both. Do equa- 
tions clean up the air? Can petri dishes empty our prisons? 
In fact, they do. 

The challenges Julia Butterfly Hill met while tree-sitting 
are analogous to those in the engineering world. My mentors 
at NASA are confident that their work affects the environment, 
but sometimes they must feel like human calculators toiling in 
their labs, disconnected from the results of their work. I'm sure 
Hill had days when she felt useless and ridiculous up in her 
tree, when her conviction faltered. But she stayed in its branches 
and made a difference, just as my mentors keep experimenting. 
They all have found a way to embrace the importance of their 
own contributions, regardless of scope. 

I still feel confused sometimes, like there's a seesaw in my 
head, and I'm rocking back and forth between meaning and 
work. The fulcrum rests on my values, and my passion to make 
a difference. I am looking for the balance between foam- 
padded labs and redwood trees. If all else fails, I know I'll 
always have my cape. D 

— Nina Simon '02 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 3 1 

Notes From Higgins House 

In the last issue I noted three key goals for the Alumni 
Association. At mid-year, I'm happy to report we have made 
progress on each of them. 

First, the marketing effort has 
reached the action phase. Under the 
leadership of Joyce Kline '87, we have 
identified a number of ways that alumni 
can help. The marketing program aims 
to attract a larger and more diverse pool 
of applicants by increasing awareness 
of WPI. Many of you already help by 
serving as Alumni Ambassadors and 
volunteers, reaching out to prospective 
students and their parents to explain 
why the WPI experience is special and 
how it is different. 
Our second goal was to increase communication between 
the association and all members of the WPI family. We are now 
speaking to alums regularly through the Gateway, Transfor- 
mations, and the recently-launched e-newsletter The Bridge. 

Our objective is to keep all of you informed about what's hap- 
pening at WPI and what programs and services are available to 
you. We welcome feedback on how we can improve — let us 
know what information you want from WPI and how you 
would like to receive it. 

Our third goal was to see how we stack up against our 
competitors when it comes to providing service to our alumni. 
We look forward to the final report from Fred Costello '59 and 
Jennifer Riddell, assistant director of alumni relations, on our 
alumni programs benchmarking effort. We'll report back to you 
in a future issue of the magazine. 

As we move forward on these goals, we've also begun a new 
project. The Alumni Cabinet and the Alumni Leadership 
Council are studying the critical issue of career development — 
the support that WPI provides its alumni when they need help 
finding employment or hiring other alums. The Career 
Development division of the association, chaired by Bill Krein 
'62, is leading the charge. Initially they will be assessing our 
resources and looking for ways to increase our overall efforts in 
this area, one we know is important to all alumni. 

Dusty Klauber '67 

President, WPI Alumni Association 

Bioengineering Hits Home With West Coast Alums 

In January WPI's Alumni Association brought Tim Gerrity, 
director of the university's new Bioengineering Institute (BEI), 
to California, "and by all accounts it was a huge success," says 
Beth Howland, director of alumni relations. 

Gerrity spoke at two receptions, in San Jose and 
Huntington Beach, giving a personal overview of the new 
institute to members of WPI's West Coast community. He 
explained how BEI forges public and private partnerships for 
research and development ot biotech products — from new 
instruments to measure brain waves to wireless communications 
systems that can monitor a patient's vital statistics from afar (see 
cover story on page 16). 

About 100 people turned out for the gatherings, which 
included many alumni, a handful of prospective students and 

their parents, and the current students at WPI's Silicon Valley 
Project Center, accompanied by representatives from the 
center's corporate partners. 

"A number of alums who work in biotech attended," 
says Howland, whose office organized the events. She said 
provocative questions were raised at both receptions, "ranging 
from whether or not WPI has an ethical stance on cloning to 
how new technologies will change our healthcare system once 
they go to market." 

3 2 Transformations \ Spring 2003 

<j Kodak E100SW 1161 

All Aboard the 
Marketing Train 

"I like to use the analogy that the train [the mar- 
keting program] has left the station and the 
Alumni Association has a chance to ride on it or 
not." Buoyed by Joyce Kline's energy and can-do 
attitude, it's clear that "or not" is not an option. 

When Joyce Kline '87 signed to chair the 
Marketing and Communications Division, her 
eyes were open. "I knew this role would be chal- 
lenging due to the focus that the school has 
placed on marketing," she says. 

She was also well-versed in the process. Joyce 
has been involved with the Alumni Association 
since she was a student, serving as chair of the 
Student Alumni Society in her junior year. "I was 
very involved in WPI as an undergrad, so staying 
involved as an alum has been a natural progression." 

Joyce champions the university's marketing 
initiative as a chance for alums to help promote the 
school and to find new reasons to be proud of their 
alma mater. 

At a retreat last October, representatives from 
the Alumni Cabinet and the Board of Trustees brainstormed on 
how best to support WPI's marketing program. The group came 
up with creative ways alumni can be supportive, promote WPI, 
and increase their involvement in the association. 

Joyce says even alums who are pressed for time can be 
involved. "Wear WPI-emblazoned clothing, put a logo decal in 
your car or drop a copy of this magazine in your dentist's wait- 
ing room." Those with more time are encouraged to serve on a 
range of steering committees, such as one geared to tap high 
school science and math teachers for prospective students. Other 
committees focus on supporting the newly launched e-news- 
letter and the development of an improved Alumni Web site. 

Putting the plan into action takes time, and for Joyce Kline 
this is no small duty — especially since her position as a senior 
manager at Accenture, (formerly Anderson Consulting), 
requires a great deal of travel. But, she says, it's worth it. 

"I enjoy being involved with the Alumni Association," she 
says. "It's an opportunity to give back to the school. WPI pro- 
vided me with a solid foundation for my career. I really gained 
on so many levels — academically as well as from a leadership 
perspective. You don't need a marketing or communications 
background to be involved, just enthusiasm for WPI." 

Interested in serving on a committee? Contact Joyce at 

os by Doug Cody 

Bioengineering Institute director Tim Gerrity 
met west coast alums such as Wil Houde '59 
(second photo from left, far right) and stu- 
dents currently working at the Silicon Valley 
Project Center at an Alumni Association 
reception in San Jose, Calif. Gerrity visited 
Patty Grey '98 (M.S.], '00 (MBA), vice pres- 
ident of sales and service at GeneMachines 
in San Carlos (far left photo). 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 33 


Ray Forkey com- 
memorated a 
half-century of 
membership at the Worcester 
Country Club by writing up a 
retrospective with his golf 
results, memberships and serv- 
ice posts before he joined WCC 
in March 1953, and during his 
50 years of association. He 
writes of his academic and ath- 
letic career at WPI and con- 
cludes, "Over this near-50 years, 
I may have received more golf 
trophies than any member in 
the history of WCC. I am for- 
ever grateful and hope club 
members have also found satis- 
faction and good sportsmanship 
in these competitions. So WPI 
has set the tone for my behavior 
these many years — in golf, in 
work, and in living." 

The Southern Connecticut 
Chapter of ASM honored 
Joseph Halloi an with a special 
plaque commemorating his 
numerous accomplishments and 
service to the heat treating 
industry. He is a life member 
and a past recipient of the chap- 
ter's William Gibson Award. 
Halloran founded Halloran 
Equipment Co. in Hamden, 


Karl Mayer- 
Wittmann has 

been lecturing to 
civic groups on the global 
economy and the outlook for 
working people and retirees. He 
is a former chief economist of 
the Atomic Energy Commission 
and a 1 5-year veteran of ITT 
Corp. He lives in Old Green- 
wich, Conn., where he operates 
Mayet-Wittmann Joint 

5 Robert Holden 
^V married Sandra 
/ Venzon, CEO of a 

physical therapy clinic, on Aug. 
24, 2002, in Sedona, Ariz., 
under the wedding tree in Red 
Rock State Park. He writes, "I 
shop, clean, cook and perform 
other duties on demand as a 
househusband should." They 
liv< in 1 )iego. 1 lis note is 
signed with his new married 
name, I loldenvenzon. 

Build Your IT Skills 
In Just One Week 

WPI offers short, hands-on courses to meet the needs of professionals inter- 
ested in building their skills in a specific technology. In just one week you 
will gain a solid foundation in today's in-demand IT skills. All programs 
are offered on a full-time basis. 

WPI MetroWesr Campus 

SQL and Data Manipulation, June 2-5 

XML Design and Implementation, June 16-19 

Shell Scripting, June 2-6 

Programming with Microsoft VB.NET, June 2-6 

C++ and Object-Oriented Programming, June 9-1 3 

Developing .NET Applications Using C#, June 16-20 

WPI Waltham Campus 

Developing Applications for Java, June 9-13 
Perl Scripting, June 2-5 
Computer and Network Security, June 17-20 
Implementing and Supporting Linux, June 9-13 

To register, call 508-480-8202 or visit 

Oregon State University profes- 
sor Robert Schultz received the 
Richard M. 
Award for 
2002. "He has continuously 
and almost single-handedly 
taught the undergraduate sur- 
veying program in Civil, 
Consttuction, and Environ- 
mental Engineering," reads the 
citation. "Almost universally, 
alumni state that he was the 
toughest and best teacher they 
had at OSU." Schultz, who 
joined the faculty in 1962, is 
noted for his hands-on, full- 
immersion approach to mentor- 
ing students into professional 
practice. "Nearly all find the 
professionalism they learn from 
Professor Schultz to be a turn- 
ing point in their career develop- 
ment." In 1997 he was selected as 
Oregon's Civil Engineer ot the 

' (~*\ Solon Economou 

debuted as ,i new 
___/ \*J local columnist Inr 
the Cape ("oil Times in Septem- 
ber 2002. A Former rocket 
engineer and award-winning 
physics teacher, Ins writings also appeared in the 
Hellenic ( hronicU and in NASA 

publications. His other credits 
include scriptwriting and pro- 
ducing video presentations for 
the military and for Fortune 
500 companies. Economou's 
column runs on alternate 
Thursdays, on the paper's Op- 
Ed page. 

Richard Brewster 

continues his trav- 
\^J \J els aboard the 
hospital ship M/V Anastash, 
bringing medical and material 
relief to people in need through 
a non-governmental organiza- 
tion called Mercy Ships. His 
latest report came from a loca- 
tion off the coast of North 
Africa, as he was heading tor 
Sierra Leone. 

Gerald Mullaney 
is the new build- 
\<J JL ing inspector for 
the town of Madbury, N.H., a 
post he previously held in 
Petersham, Mass. 

•"^ Shiva (Michael) 
Lcistritz has been 
\J i 1 an active support- 
er of the Alzheimer's 

Vssou.uion ot C 'emral 
Massachusetts. 1 le was a care- 
taker lor his mother tor mure 

than 14 years, and Ik- played an role in the 
wbrcestei Mcmor) W.ilklund 


June 5-8, 2003 

Classes of '38, '43, '48, '53, '58, '63, '68, '73, '78 

Ken Olsen joined 
I Maxiam, the 
V^/ ^_y Chicago-based 
intellectual asset management 
affiliate of the law firm Howrey 
Simon Arnold & White. He 
was previously vice president 
and chief intellectual property 
counsel for Sun Microsystems. 


Alfred Malchiodi 

The National 
Academy of 
Sciences presented 




with its 
Award in 
April. The 
medal and 
prize are 

awarded every two years for 
outstanding contributions in 
the field of naval architecture 
and marine engineering. 
Malchiodi, who is project 
director for General Dynamics 
Electric Boar in Groton, Conn., 
was honored for "leading inno- 
vations in developing the naval 
architecture of submarines for 
the efficient utilization of 
advanced technology." He is 
best known for his work on the 
vertical launch systems (VLS) 
for the Ohio, Los Angeles, 
Seawolf and Virginia subs. 


Mike Oliver is 

retired from IBM, 
where he was pro- 
gram director for Java OS/390 
and z/Series. His ream managed 
the release of Java versions for 
all IBM-supported systems and 
pioneered Web delivery of soft- 
ware and support to customers. 
Mike's role also included inter- 
nal consulting and external out- 
reach. After retiring in June 
200 1 , he managed an interna- 
tional team of 1 50 people pro- 
viding components and supporr 
for Java products. 

Richard Bonin 

was named techni- 
cal director of the 
Naval Undersea Warfare Center 
(NUWC), headquartered in 
Newport, R.I. Bonin entered 
the Army after graduation and 

joined NUWC's predecessor 
organizarion in 1969. He has 
served as head of the Newport 
Division's Torpedo Systems 
Department and was appointed 
acting technical directot in 
August 2002. 

Stephen Pytka 

was appointed 
\»-/ V_/ president and 
CEO of 
a market- 
for the food 
service industry. He is the for- 
met chairman and CEO of 
Streamware, a consumer 
research firm founded by 
Glenn Butler '89 and John 
Roughneen '89. Pytka lives 
with his family in Andover, 

Rep. Todd Akin 
won his bid for 
v-/ re-election in 
Missouri's 2nd District with 67 
percent of the vote. The Town 
and Country Republican was 
expected to triumph over his 

Domenic Forcella '70 received the 2003 Keeping Blues Alive (KBA) 
Award for Excellence in Journalism from the Blues Foundation in 
Memphis, Tenn. The KBAs honor the blues-related accomplishments 
and contributions of non-performers. Forcella's weekly column, 
"Blues Beat," began in the New 
Britain (Conn.) Herald, and is 
now syndicated in four addi- 
rional newspapers. He also 
broadcasts a weekly radio show 
on WFCS 107.7 FM, the cam- 
pus station of Central 
Connecticut State College, 
where he is environmental 
health and safety officer and 
faculty advisot to the radio station. Forcella's passion for the blues 
took root at WPI, where his freshman friends exposed him to the 
recordings of classic artists. He began investigating the blues scene 
in various cities during business trips, and writing up his experience 
in his "Travelin with the Blues" column for rhe Connecticut Blues 
Society newsletter. Forcella, who lives in Plainville, Conn., is also a 
contributor to various print and Internet journals. 

Democratic and Libertarian 

Steve Emery 

(M.S.) joined 
-1- Diametrics 
Medical as senior vice president 
of worldwide sales, marketing 
and business development. 

IEEE fellow Irving Engelson is 

a popular lecturer who currently 

serves as vice president of the 
Engineeting Management 
Society and vice chair for 
sttategic planning on rhe IEEE 
Regional Activities Board. He 
recently spoke on effective 
meetings at the Rochester 
Section's monthly meeting. 

ROOITI to QTO^V Babs and Jim Donahue '44, surrounded here by members of the varsity crew teams, led tours of the 
new addition to the Donahue Rowing Center at dedication ceremonies Sept. 27, 2002. The addition makes the DRC the 
largest rowing facility on the East Coast, according to Coach Larry Noble, who says that the extra half-bay for boat stor- 
age was sorely needed due to rapid growth of the crew program. (Donahue, founder of Donahue Industries Inc. 
and an emeritus trustee of WPI, was the keynote speaker at the School of Industrial Management annual banquet and 
reunion on Feb. 25, 2003.] 

Transformations | Spring 2003 3 5 


June 6-8, 2003 

Classes of '38, '43, '48, '53, '58, '63, '68, '73, '78 

Ben Katcoff is the federal gov- 
ernment's new director of com- 
pensation and benefits in the 
Office of the Comptroller of the 
Currency. His office is a bureau 
of the U.S. Treasury Department 
and is responsible for the licens- 
ing, regulation and supervision 
of our nation's federally char- 
tered banks. These banks num- 
ber 2,400 and hold nearly 60 
percent of the nation's commer- 
cial banking assets. 

r /^k Ken Kolkebeck 

is president of 
< Facility Diagnos- 
tics in Harrington Park, N.J. 
He holds several patents for air- 
flow measuring systems and has 
developed equipment for labo- 
ratory and fume hood airflow 

^ /^ Roger Heinen 

••^W was appointed to 
% _y' the board of direc- 
tors of Tiara Wireless. 

Patrick Hester was one of four 
recipients of Duke Energy 
Corp.'s 2001 Pinnacle Award, 
which acknowledges employees 
who make outstanding contri- 
butions to the company's busi- 
ness success. He is currently 
senior vice president and general 
counsel for Duke's Maritimes & 
Northeast Pipeline. He lives in 
Westborough, Mass., with his 
wife, Ann, and four daughters. 

WPI Trustee Leonard Redon 

was appointed chair of the 
Monroe Community College 
Foundation Board of Directors. 
He continues as vice president 
of western operations at 
Paychex Inc. 

Steve Dacri and 

his wife, Jan, fin- 
JL ished up a 10- 
month tour in January, and hit 
the road again in February for 
two more months of lectures 
and shows. Their "Insider's 
Workshops" got rave reviews 
from corporate clients. 

Vicki Cowart left 
her post as direc- 
J tor of the 

Colorado Geological Survey to 
become president and CEO of 
Planned Parenthood of the 
Rocky Mountains, the third 
largest affiliate in the country. 
With approximately 400 
employees and a $20 million 
budget, PPRM's mission is to 
improve the quality of life by 
enabling all people to exercise 
individual choice in their own 
fertility and reproductive health. 

David Fowler is vice president 
of markering for Groove Net- 
works, a provider of desktop 
collaboration software based in 
Beverly, Mass. 

Mark Iampietro joined 
Spherics Inc., a bioadhesive 
drug-delivery company in 
Lincoln, R.I., as director of 
quality assurance. 

Larry Jones was named CEO 
of Interrelate 
Inc., a 

provider of 
based mar- 
keting servic- 
es, based in 
Eden Prairie, Minn. He was 
previously CEO of Message 
Media in Louisville, Colo. 

Mark Youngstrom is managing 
engineer of the Rutland, Vt., 
branch of Otter Creek Engi- 
neering. His 25 years of experi- 
ence include many of the area's 
municipal projects, including 
the city's award-winning drink- 
ing water filtration facility. 

Steven Fine has 

a new position at 
Laticrete Inter- 
national, as senior product 
development chemist for North 
America. He lives in West 
Haven, Conn., and has a 4- 
year-old daughter named 

Arthur Hyde toured the coun- 
try during Ford Motor Co.'s 
revival ol the Mustang and 
Thiuulcrhird J.issu e.irs. He 

knovel Has Answers for 
Scientists and Engineers 

Bill Woishnis '80 is a co-founder of knovel Corp., an online data- 
base that offers rapid access to more than 450 scientific and engi- 
neering reference sources through a single interface. With more 
than 200 subscribing organizations, including WPI, MIT, Cornell 
and Princeton on the academic front, and corporate clients such as 
3M, GE, GM, Hewlett-Packard and ExxonMobil, he's tapping into 
a rapidly growing market for e-books. 

As chairman and editor in chief of knovel, Woishnis is responsible 
for knovel's content acquisition and development. "I came into pub- 
lishing without even knowing I was doing it," he says. "My interest 
has always been in delivering information electronically." As a plas- 
tics engineer at Hewlett-Packard in the early 1980s, Woishnis 
began gathering and marketing industry data in loose-leaf binders. 
He later became director of sales for the online version of Plastics 
Technology magazine. He launched knovel in 1 999, and founded 
its parent company, William Andrew Publishing, based in Norwich, 
N.Y., in 1990. 

Woishnis returned to campus in January to lead a tutorial on knovel's 
interactive features. Users can search a rapidly growing list of refer- 
ence manuals, including old standbys such as Perry's Chemical 
Engineers' Handbook and Marks' Standard Handbook for Mechani- 
cal Engineers. But unlike the print version, the data in "live" tables 
can be searched, sorted, printed and exported to a variety of 
spreadsheet, calculation and word processing programs. 

WPI students and faculty can access on their PCs via 
the Gordon Library site. Systems/Reference librarian Don Richardson 
says knovel is a unique resource because it focuses on handbooks 

and other reference books in subjects important to scientists and 
engineers, and because it covers books from multiple publishers, 
"knovel's search capabilities allow users to dig deep through a 
large number of books to locate very specific information," he says. 
"It's a great example of how the library utilizes Web technology lo 
deliver high-quality scientific and technical resources to our users 
wherever ihey are located." — JKM 

36 Transformations \ Spring 2003 

has worked for Ford since grad- 
uation and is currently based in 
Michigan as Mustang chief pro- 
gram engineer. 

From Vermont, Laima 
Pauliukonis writes, "I've been 
living in Brattleboto and loving 
it since 1996, when I moved 
here with my family. I am presi- 
dent of Brattleboro Anesthesia 
Associates and was recently 
elected president of the medical 
staff of Brattleboto Memorial 
Hospital. My husband, Gary 
Snyder, and I are aiso very busy 
raising two boys, Adam, 9, and 
Salim, 8." 

John Woodhull is a senior pro- 
gram manager for ENSR 
International. His article 
"Managing Emissions During 
Hazardous- Waste Combustion" 
appeared in the December 2002 
issue of Chemical Engineering. 

John Petze is pres- 
ident and CEO of 
\*J Tridium Inc., in 
Richmond, Va. He and his wife, 
Timorhea, have a son, 

Peter Gould is 

V- 1 director of mech- 
^/ anical engineering 
for Raytheon's Integrated De- 
fense Systems in Sudbury, Mass. 
He held a variety of manage- 
ment positions in his 23 years 
with Raytheon, most recently 
as a senior manager within the 
Air Missile Defense/Surface 
Radar business unit. Peter was 
elected an engineering fellow, 
Raytheon's highest technical 
level, in 2002. 

Carl Gates was 

I appointed vice 
\^J \y president and trust 
officer of Investment Advisors 
in Evansville, Ind. He is a grad- 
uate of the Widener University 
Law School and the founder of 
Carl Gates and Assoc. P.C. of 
Chadds Ford, Pa. 

Marianne Wessling-Resnick 

was profiled in the Fall/Winter 
2002 issue of Vitae: The 
Magazine of the University of 
Massachusetts Medical School. 
A 1987 UMass Ph.D. grad, she 

Who's going to Reunion? 

We'll provide the conversation... ( 
you provide the coffee. 

There's a great place to go to stay in touch with your classmates and chat 
about your alma mater. It's called the WPI Alliniffi CttfG and it's as close 
as your computer screen. The Cafe is an online community with dedicated forums for 
classes, events, news, and more. If there's something special you'd like to talk about, you 
can even start your own forum. So, take a break from the hustle and bustle of everyday 
life and join your friends at the coziest little spot on the Internet. Drop by whenever you 
like — we never close! }us\ visit the WPI Alumni home page,, and 
click on the Cafe icon. 


OPEN 24/7 

teaches nutritional biochemistry 
at the Harvard School of Public 
Health. Het research centers on 
cellular transport and acquisi- 
tion of iron, with the goal of 
understanding anemia and 
world health problems related 
to iron deficiency. In the pro- 
file, she traces her love of 
research back to project work in 
Professor William Hobeys bio- 
chemistry lab at WPI. 

David Wilk is 

mechanical engi- 
\^J JL neering task man- 
ager for THADD Radar at 
Raytheon in Sudbury, Mass. He 
was part of a team that teceived 
the Department of Defense's 
2002 Excellence in Acquisition 
Award at the Pentagon in June. 
He lives in Millis, Mass., with 
his wife, Lisa. 

Tom Fiske is a 

member of the 
V_y JLt I automation con- 
sulting team at ARC Advisory 
Group in Dedham, Mass., 
where he provides research and 
advice on global markets for 
industrial process manufactur- 
ing auromation. His special 
focus is process simulation, 
advanced process control, opti- 
mization and collaborative pro- 
duction management. His arti- 

cle on operational excellence 
(OpX) appeared in the 
November 2002 issue of 
Hydrocarbon Processing. 

Paul Cotnoir 

I joined Becker 
V_x ^y College as associ- 
ate dean of the Centers for 
Learning & Career Advance- 
ment. He lives in Putnam, 
Conn., with his wife, Mary, and 
two sons. 

Anne Saunders Espinoza 

(formerly Valiton) continues 
at Denali Software in Austin, 
Texas, where she is manager of 
Databahn Operations. She 
married David Espinoza in 
November 2001. 

Dennis Foley of North Attle- 
boro, Mass., inrends to run 
for President in 2004. He 
announced his candidacy in 
January by running advertise- 
ments in the Cape Cod Times, 
and he plans to register with the 
Federal Election Commission to 
qualify for matching funds. A 
former engineer with Texas 
Instruments and Lucent Tech- 
nologies, Foley is seeking 
employment in sales or market- 
ing. He told the Attleboro Sun 
Chronicle that he plans to cam- 

paign against discrimination, 
poverty and pedophilia. 

Pamela Lawler works for Pratt 
& Whitney and lives in 
Glastonbury, Conn. She shared 
her expertise as a "loaned execu- 
tive" in the local 2002 United 
Way Community Campaign. 

Terence O'Coin is an account 
executive with Computer 
Sciences Corp., where he is 
responsible for IT in engineer- 
ing, milirary engines and e-busi- 
ness. He and his wife, Mary, 
had a daughter, Emma, on Nov. 
25, 2002. Their son, Charlie, 
turned 2 in January. 

Terry Anne Barber 

and Dirk Zastrow 
\J JL welcomed their 
baby girl in September 2001. 
They live in Dawsonville, Ga. 

Michael Briere is president of 
Picor Corp., a wholly owned 
subsidiary of Vicor Corp., in 
Slatersville, R.I. Briere, who also 
serves as an adjunct physics pro- 
fessor at the University of 
Rhode Island, hopes to grow 
the integrated-circuit company 
from 20 to 100 employees over 
the next five years. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 37 


at Homecoming, October 1 1, 2003 

Classes of '88, '93, '98 

WPI Bookshel : 

American Confusion Continues: 
Malignant Disarray in the War on 
Terrorism, and in the Pacifist 

by William R. Taylor '55 

Bill Taylor wants his readers to understand 
how governments deal with confusion. In his 
previous book, American Confusion: From 
Vietnam to Kosovo — Coping with Confusion 
in High Places (iUniverse, 2001), he applied his original theory of 
the dynamics of confusion to the actions of Robert McNamara and 
Lyndon Johnson during the expansion of the Vietnam War in 1965, 
then used "fuzzy cognitive maps" to forecast events in real time 
during the 1999 NATO air war against Serbia. His current book 
(excerpted at examines possible 
outcomes of a U.S. invasion of Iraq. This short, self-published edition 
may be ordered through the Web site while Taylor and his agent 
pursue commercial publication. 

The CAD Guidebook 

by Stephen J. Schoonmaker '84 
Marcel Dekker, Inc. 

i Vol. 150 in Dekker's Mechanical Engineering 
r\iy* series, this essential reference guides students 

I and professionals through the fundamental 
principles and theories in the function, 
application and management of 2- and 3-D 
computer-aided design. Troubleshooting 
procedures, a glossary and end-of-chapter 
review questions are also included. More information is available at Schoonmaker is manager of engineering systems 
at Grove Worldwide, a unit of the Manitowoc Crane Group. His 
previous work, ISO 900 1 for Engineers and Designers, was pub- 
lished by McGraw-Hill in 1997. 

Risk-Informed, Performance-Based 
Industrial Fire Protection: An 
Alternative to Prescriptive Codes 

by Thomas F. Barry, P.E. '90 (MS FPE) 

Fire Risk Forum 

The steps, methods and tools of risk-based fire 
safety assessment are spelled out in this com- 
prehensive handbook, to help FPE profes- 
sionals, architects, risk managers, regulatory 
agencies and insurance companies work 
together on risk-informed, performance-based fire safety solutions. 
Barry's assessment process is designed to add another dimension 
to fire safety analysis and to provide an alternative path when the 
application of prescriptive codes may not be feasible or cost- 
effective. Barry is director of the Risk & Reliability Consulting business 
at HSB Professional Loss Control. The book is available at his Web 

Daniel Farrar lives in Belgium, 
where he continues as president 
and CEO of GE Capital Fleet 
Services Europe. 

Leslie Schur Gottlieb and her 

husband, Mark, had a son, Alan 
Frederick, on Oct. 15, 2001. 
She holds the post of quality 
assurance specialist at IQ 
Financial Systems in New York 

Don Drewry 

(M.S. FPE) is vice 
president of HSB 

Professional Loss Control in 

New York City. 

The Cape Cod Times spotlighted 
Steve Roughan and his son, 
Nicholas, who is a WPI fresh- 
man this yeat, in an article 
called "Attending pater's alma 
mater." Steve, who now works 
for i2 Technologies, was a jun- 
ior at WPI when he and his 
wife, Sandy, had Nick. Also 
WPI alums are Steve's siblings 
Timothy Roughan '82 and 
Elizabeth Roughan Parker '84. 

Charles Wright holds the post 
of chief scientist at Azimuth 
Networks in Sudbury, Mass. 


James Daly 

and his wife, 

announce the birth of a son. 


Transformations | Spring 200 

Patrick Robert, on Aug. 16, 
2002. They live in Mountain 
View, Calif. 

Eileen Ego and her partner. 
Corrine Frost, became proud 
parents of a baby girl, k.iilcv 
Alice Kgo, on Nov. 12, 201)2. 
"Moms and baby are all doing 
great." thev report. Tliev live in 

Norwich, ( !onn. 

James Handanyan is vice presi 

dem ol I he ( Seotechnical 
Group in Needham, Mass.. 

where he manages a variety of 
real estate development projects, 

He and his wife, Lynne (Cox), 
have three sons — Ben, Alex and 

Maureen Mullarkey became 
Maureen Mullarkey Mathieson 
on Sept. 14, 2002, when she 
married Todd Mathieson. She 
continues to enjoy teaching 
seventh-grade science at 
Pentucket Regional Middle 
School in West Newbury, Mass. 

Paul Sanneman is director of 
aerospace systems engineering at 
Swales Aerospace in Beltsville, 

Gary Wetzel was named senior 
vice president and CFO for Von 
Hoffmann Management team 
in St. Louis. 


Donald Gaiter 

was named manag- 
er of Citizens 
Financial Group's International 
Division. He lives in Weston, 


It's almost 15 
years since we 
graduated! Mark 
your calendars now for cele- 
brating on October 11. 
See you at Homecoming! 

Allen Bonde, of The Allen 
Bonde Group, spoke on campus 
as part or the Management 
Department's Information 
Technology Research Centers 
Seminar Series. His topic was 
"Is it time to invest in Web self- 

Father William Champlin was 

named pastor ol Immaculate 
Conception Parish in Worcester. 
Ordained in 1993, he is a grad- 
uate of St. Mary's Seminary and 
University, where he earned a 
bachelor's degree in sacred the- 
ology and a master ol theology 

Paul Coggin appointed 
vice president, managing pan 
tier and a member ol the execu- 
tive < ommittee ol Ci unpass 
Strategic ( onsulting, a New 
I l.nen firm pn>\ iding market- 
ing and development services CO 
companies in the life sciences 
field. I le is also an adjiin< i pro 
lessor at the Universit) ol 

Tony Mastromatteo and his 

wife, Stacey, announce the birth 
of their son, Tyler Martin, on 
Dec. 2, 2002. He joins his big 
brother, Lucas Michael, who 
was born in June 2000. Tony 
works as a program manager for 
NMS Communications. They 
live in Natick, Mass. 

Connelly and his 

V-J _j/ wife, Tina, had 
their first child, Shelby Layne, 
on Nov. 15, 2002. He writes 
that Tina continues training to 
qualify for the 2004 Olympic 



Kazmer and her 
husband, David, welcomed a 
baby girl, Elizabeth Anne, bom 
on July 14, 2002. She joins her 
big sisters, Laura, 4, and Julia, 
2, in their home in North 
Andover, Mass. 

Mary Helen (Adair) MacLean 
and her husband, Michael, 
announce rhe birth of their 
daughter, Megan Leigh, on 
Sept. 18, 2002. They live in 
Livermore, Calif. 

Michael McGreal (M.S. FPE) 
is president and founder of 
Firedyne Engineering in Tinley 
Park, 111. His" FPE and code- 
consulting firm celebrated its 
10th anniversary in February. 

Mark Otero Rodriguez was 

chosen by Synovis Life Tech- 
nologies to serve as general 
manager of its new manufactur- 
ing facility in Dorado, PR. 


Frank Christiano 

is a project manager 
with Chevron- 

Texaco's South Africa Projects 


Anna Cushman and her hus- 
band, Jan Fredrik Wold, had a 
baby boy, Espen Christopher, 
on Nov. 17, 2002. She writes, 
"He's absolutely fantastic, 
although not very sleepy — 
nothing can ptepate you for the 
sleep deprivation!" Anna, an 
aerospace engineer in the vehi- 
cle recorder division of the 
National Transportation Safety 

Board, was profiled in the 
Spring 2002 issue of 

Carl Crawford and his wife, 
Kim, built a new house on 
Kim's family's farm in Ferris- 
burgh, Vt., where they live with 
theit golden retriever. Carl, who 
was named Vermont Young 
Engineer of the Year in 2002, 
is a founding partnet of Otter 
Creek Engineering in Middle- 
bury. The company recently 
hired Mark Youngstrom '75 to 
manage its new satellite office in 
Rutland, Vt. 

Kimberly Heard was appointed 
to the board of Trumbull Loves 
Children, a Connecticut child- 
care program providing after- 
school care at local schools and 
churches. She is employed as a 
safety advisor in the Office of 
Environmental Health and 
Safety at Yale Univetsity and is 
pursing a master's degtee from 
the University of New Haven. 


It was a busy 
fall for David 
Andrade. He 

began a new career in Septem- 
ber as a physical science teacher 
at Central High School in 
Bridgeport, Conn., and he mar- 
ried Cori Marinaccio on Sept. 
29, 2002. His brother Dennis 
served as best man, and David 
Boos and his wife, Rebecca, 
were among the wedding guests. 
Andrade, who provided emer- 
gency treatment to victims of 
the Sept. 1 1 attacks, continues 
his work as a paramedic. 

Brian Beauregard is superin- 
tendent of the Electric Division 
of Holyoke Gas & Electric 
Department, where he has 
worked since 1990. He is also 
a volunteer co-chair of the 
Business and Professional 
Division of Holyoke Hospital's 
building and renovation fund- 
raising campaign. 

Kevin '91 and Teresa Cordeiro 

Duprey and big brother Elliot 
Francis, 2 ! /2, announce the 
birth of Ava Braulina on Aug. 
21, 2002. Kevin continues to 
work in R&D at Duracell in 
Bethel, Conn. Tetesa continues 

to work in information systems 
at Travelers in Harrford. 

The 10th 
Reunion Com- 
^y mittee is hard at 
work planning our gathering 
for Homecoming 2003. If you 
are interested hi joining the 
committee, contact Jennifer 
Riddell, assistant director of 
alumni relations, at jriddell You'll be getting 
more details in the mail this 
summer, but mark your calen- 
dars now for October 11. 
See you at Homecoming! 

Shannon Gallagher 
Beauregard and Daniel 

Beauregard '94 announce rhe 
birth of their son, Jarrod 
Daniel, on April 23, 2002. 

John Hall and 

his wife, Melissa, 
JL announce the birth 
of theit daughter, Anne Marie, 
on Jan. 3, 2003. They live in 
Orlando, where John is a 
programmer for Darden 

Christopher McClure is the 

new superintendent of the 
Water and Sewer Division of 
the Holden (Mass.) DPW 

Jennifer (Shiel) Wyse is 

program manager for turbo- 
shaft/ rurboprop engines at 
General Elecrric Co.'s Product 
Test Center. She is an active 
member of the GE Women's 
Network and campus coordina- 
tor of the GE/WPI Executive 
Recruiting Team. The GE/WPI 
program is aimed at cultivating 
female and minority interest in 
engineering and IT careers 
through classroom projecrs and 
co-op assignments. 


Jason Anderson is | 

working on an 
MBA at UC 
Berkeley's Haas School of 
Business. He expecrs to gradu- 
are in 2004. 

% Jason Armstrong 
is a graduate stu- 
dent at the Air 
Force Institute of Technology at 
Wright-Patterson AFB in Ohio. 

New Novel 


Rich Corley '92 (M.S.), director, DSP 
Platforms; Doug Wood '84, director, 
DSP Systems; Mark Lovington '79, 

director, Corporate Development 


Data Services Platform Group, 

Sun Microsystems 


Acton, Mass. 


Founded three years by Rich Corley 
as Pirus Networks Inc. to deliver 
advanced networking storage servic- 
es and multiprotocol access through 
a centrally managed platform, Pirus 
was acquired by Sun Microsystems 
in December 2002 and merged into 
Sun's Network Storage organization 
as the Data Services Product (DSP) 
group. WPI is a customer and was a 
test site for Pirus's intelligent, multi- 
protocol storage area networking 
(SAN) switch. 

Web site: 


Bertyann (Gustafson) Cernese '83 


Forward Motion Massage 


Groton, Mass. 


A certified therapist for equines and 
humans, Cernese treats both horse 
and rider to enhance their perform- 
ance as a team. She uses sports 
massage, and deep tissue, neuro- 
muscular therapy and Swedish mas- 
sage techniques to improve freedom 
of movement. She recently expand- 
ed her practice to include acupunc- 
ture and other holistic treatment 

Web site: 


Sergio Salvatore '02, lead engineer 

Run Tones 


Park Avenue, New York City 

Recently purchased by Sony Music 
Entertainment to form the core of its 
new Mobile Products Group, Run 
Tones' wireless media services 
include preprogrammed ring tones 
for cell phones featuring licensed 
versions of popular melodies; a 
mobile media hub; and RUNpics, a 
personal photo service. 

Web site: 


at Homecoming, October 1 1, 2003 

Classes of '88, '93, '98 

Jannine Copponi changed jobs 
recently. She is now a project 
engineer at Integrated Project 
Services in Burlington, Mass. 
She also completed her MBA at 
Northeastern University. 

Rvan Dalv graduated from the 
Boston University School of 
Medicine in May 2002. He 
hopes to specialize in cardiology. 

Mami Hall Hallissey is a doc- 
toral candidate in medicine and 
public health at Columbia 

Rav Shirk is an autism program 
teacher at Middlebury (Vt.) 
Union High School. He holds a 
masters degree in education 
from Simmons College. 

" Kyle Heppenstall 
V- I / is a procurement 

manager for Pfizer 
Inc. He was interviewed by 
Investors Business Daily about 
changes in his personal invest- 
ment strategy since the heady 
economic climate that prevailed 
at graduation. 

Hector Hernandez recendy 
moved from Caracas, Venezuela, 
to London, where he is a tech- 
nical consultant for PeopleSoft s 
UK business. 

Peter Manolakos was promot- 
ed to senior executive sales rep- 
resentative and member of the 
director's council at Eh Lilly. He 
is the youngest employee in the 
country to attain this tide. He 
married Ani Arakelian, a 
fourth-grade teacher and 
Assumption College graduate, 
on Aug. 31, 2002: Lee Core 
was an usher. After a honey- 
moon in the Greek Isles, the 
couple have settled in Chelms- 
ford. Mass. 

Shad Plante joined \ tewpoint 
Svstems of Boston as a system 

Our 5th Reunion 
is coming up! 
_^S ^*-J Mark your calen- 
dars now for a Homecoming 
celebration on October 11. 

Jill Baryza married Gene 
LeFevre on July 20, 2002. They 
honevmooned in Greece and 
Italy before returning to their 
home in Peekskill, N.Y. Jill 
works for UBS PaineWebber 
and Gene works for Initiative 

MariLisa Billa and Matthew 
Dowling '97 were married 
Sept. 22, 2002, in the shadow 
of the Colosseum in Rome. 
Bridesmaids included Constance 
Pappagianopoulos and Lena 
Bonos. Jeevan Ramapriyawas 
emcee at the reception. The 
newlvweds live in San Diego. 

Edward Hallissey is a systems 
engineer for IBM in Haw- 
thorne. N.Y. 

Seth Kintigh and Valerie 
Valdez '01 were married on 
Oct. 26, 2002. They live in San 
Antonio, Texas, where Valerie 
works as a systems engineer and 
Seth holds the post of R&D 
engineer at Veridian Corp. 

Navy Lt. Jason Kipp shipped 
out to an undisclosed location 
aboard the US S Portland, as 
pan of a fleet deployed for pos- 

sible future contingency- opera- 
tions in suppon of the global 
war on tenorism. 

The May 25, 2002, wedding of 
Kenneth Knowles and Kelly 
Manel included classmates 
Brian Bresnahan, Brian Carey 
and Luke Poppish. The couple 
live in Danvers, Mass. 

After graduating, Janel 
Lanphere earned a master's 
degree in biomedical engineer- 
ing at the University of 
Toronto. She now works for 
Boston Scientific Corp. in 
Watenown, Mass., where she 
was awarded the Technical 
Excellence Award with her proj- 
ect team. Her e-mail address is 
janel 1 

Andrew Marsh was named 
CEO of Worcester-based 
Walker Magnetics Group, an 
equipment manufacturer serv- 
ing the metalworking. steel and 
recycling industries. 

Jason Mello was promoted to 
Air Force captain on May 28, 
2002, at Hanscom AFB. He 
earned a master of engineering 
degree at the University of 
Massachusetts Lowell and is 
cunently stationed at Patrick 
AFB in Florida, where he pro- 
vides engineering safety suppon 
to the space shuttle and expend- 
able launch vehicle programs. 

Elana (Kingsbury) and Rich 
Person '96 announce the birth 
of their second son, Samuel, on 
Aug. 28, 2002. Big brother 
Timmy (born Jan. 5. 2001) is 
very proud of his lirtle brother. 
The\' live in Hudson, Mass. 

Richard Resnick M.S. CS) 
joined Gene-IT a Worcester 
provider of comparative 

Something for everyone at WPI's Summer Programs 

• Over 70 Day and Evening Graduate 
and Undergraduate Summer Courses 

• Continuing Education Seminars 

• Corporate Education Programs 

• IT Short Courses and Certificate Programs 

• High School and Middle School Programs 

• Teacher Programs 

• Sports Camps 

Classes begin May 29. For information, call 508-831-61 12, or visit 

4 Tramformationi \ Spring 2003 

genomics software and services, 
as vice president, service opera- 

Jennifer (Childs) Smith and 
her husband, Jeffrey, are happy 
to announce the birth of their 
first child, Austin Michael, on 
Sept. 2, 2002. "Mom and baby 
are doing great!" they write. 

S~\ /~V Douglas 
V^l V-l Crawford married 
^y _^X Amanda Ocker 
on Sept. 21, 2002, aboard the 
Odyssey cruise yacht in Wash- 
ington, D.C. He works for 
Whiting-Turner Connacting in 
Baltimore, as an assistant proj- 
ect manager. 

Colonial Manor Realty wel- 
comed Ray Halpin to its team. 
He lives in Wakefield. Mass. 

Nicole (Boosahda) and Algis 
Norkevicius '96 announce the 
birth of their first child, Colin 
Drew, on Nov. 25, 2002. They 
live in Plymouth, Mass. 

Hamel married 
\J \J Kimberly 

Crinkling in June. Their ring 
bearers were their dogs. Jake 
and Greta. They recendy moved 
from Albuquerque to Pullman. 
Wash., where Kim is a veteri- 
nary student. 

y"v /^ Marc Bullio grad- 

F uated from the 
\J 1—1 Army ROTC 
National Advanced Leadership 
camp at Fon Lewis in Tacoma, 

Former Newman Club presi- 
dent Jim Koniers entered the 
Saint John Fisher Seminary 
Residence in Bridgcpon, Conn., 
in September to begin his stud- 
ies for the priesthood. 

>ol oflndustrial 


Catherine Lugbauer '81 ol 

Amelia Island. Fla.. is CEO of 
The Lugbauer Group. She wis 
previously global COO of 
Vi'cbcr Shandwick. a unit of 
The Interpublic Group of 

Frederick D. Fielder '26 of 

Sharon, Pa., died Jan. 5, 2002. 
Predeceased by his wife, Evelyn 
(Kendall), in 1998, he leaves 
two daughters, four grandchil- 
dren and four great-grandchil- 
dren. Fielder was retired from 
Westinghouse Electric, where 
he had worked since 1928. He 
belonged to Tau Beta Pi and 
Sigma Xi. 

Transformations recendy learned 
of the death of Randall P. 
Saxton '26 of Green Valley, 
Ariz., in 1998. He and his wife, 
Dorothy (Vail), had two chil- 
dren. A member of Alpha Tau 
Omega, he was retired from 
Connecticut Light and Power 

Leonard M. Olmsted '28 of 
South Orange, N.J., died Feb. 
21, 2002. He served as senior 
editor of Electrical World maga- 
zine for 2 1 years before he 
retired in 1975. Olmsted 
belonged to Tau Beta Pi, Sigma 
Xi and Eta Kappa Nu. He 
earned a master's degree in elec- 
trical engineering at WPI and 
an MBA at the University of 
Pittsburgh. He is survived by 
his wife, Margaret, a son, a 
daughter, nine grandchildren 
and three great-grandchildren. 

Arthur F. Pierce Jr. '30 of 

Springfield, Mass., a longtime 
quality-control engineer, died 
May 15, 2002. He worked for 
several New England-area man- 
ufacturers and retired from 
Jones Instrument Corp. in 
1984. Pierce is survived by a 
niece. He belonged to Alpha 
Tau Omega. 

Carroll N. Whitaker '31 of 

Andover, Mass., died Feb. 17, 
2002. Predeceased by his wife, 
Eleanor (Alvord), he leaves sev- 
eral nieces and nephews. 
Whitaker retired in 1984 as 
comptroller of Ames Textile 
Corp. He belonged to Phi 
Sigma Kappa. 

Eino Leppanen '32 of East 
Providence, R-L, died Nov. 1 1, 
2002. Predeceased bv his wife, 

Alumni who wish to make contribu: : = 
of classmates and friends may contacl the office of 
Development and University Relations at WPI. 

Bertha (Burgess), he leaves two 
sisters, and several nieces and 
nephews. Leppanen retired 
from Mobil Oil Corp. as head 
chemist in 1979, after 39 year: 
of service. He belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Olof W. Nyquist '32 of 

Yarmouth, Mass., died Jan. 24, 
2002. He is survived by his 
wife, Helen, a son, a daughter 
and a grandson. Nyquist was a 
retired mechanical engineer who 
worked for General Electric for 
more than 40 years. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Donald W. Putnam '32 of 

Holliston and Dennis, Mass., 
died April 1, 2002. His wife, 
Mildred (Lekberg), died in 
1995. He leaves two daughters, 
two grandchildren and five 
great-grandchildren. His WPI 
relations include son-in-law 
Richard O'Shea '61, and grand- 
son Robert O'Shea '84 and his 
wife, Christine (O'Toole) '88. 
Putnam was a partner in 
Mumford Motors and later 
enjoyed a career as a math 
teacher and athletic coach at 
Oxford High School. A football 
and basketball player at WPI, 
he belonged to Lambda Chi 
Alpha and was a member and 
past president of Skull. 

A. Rodney Klebart '33 of 

Mass., died 
Aug. 3, 
2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Anna 
(Blake), a 
daughter, seven grandchildren, 
six great-grandchildren and a 
great-great-grandchild. He was 
predeceased by two sons and a 
daughter. Klebart was retired as 
town engineer for Webster and 
previously owed Complete 

Photo Services. He belonged to 
Phi Sigma Kappa. 

JohnC. L. ShabeckJr. '33 

died May 24, 2002, at home in 
Wayland, Mass. His wife, Elaine 
(Patterson), survives, along with 
his daughter and a grandson. 
Shabeck was retired from 
Raytheon as a consultant. He 
previously worked for Ucinite, 
where he developed technology 
that was used to deploy bombs 
from B-17 aircraft during 
World War II. He belonged to 
Alpha Tau Omega. 

G. Standish Beebe '34 of 

Waterford, Conn., died Dec. 
13, 2001. Widower of Ethel 
(Viten) Beebe, who died in 
1 997, he is survived by a son, a 
daughter and four grandchil- 
dren. Beebe was a longtime 
engineet fot Pfizer, where he 
managed construction for divi- 
sions in Connecticut, North 
Carolina and Ringaskiddy, 
Ireland. He belonged to Phi 
Gamma Delta. 

George D. Greenwood '34 of 
Fairfax, Va., died Sept. 1, 2001. 
Predeceased by his wife, Marion 
(Ramton), he is survived by 
twin daughters. Greenwood was 
a retired design engineer who 
developed radar equipment for 
the U.S. Navy Electronics 
Systems Command in 
Washington, D.C. 

Gordon P. Whitcomb '34 of 
Media, Pa., 
died May 25, 
2002. His 

spent his career with American 
Cyanamid Co., where he held 
positions in its research, com- 

munications and personnel divi- 
sions. He belonged to Tau Beta 
Pi, Sigma Xi and Skull. 

Howard A. Whittum '34 died 
March 17, 2002, at home in 
Sterling, Mass. He lost his wife, 
Edith (Sumner), in 2001 and is 
survived by a son, two daugh- 
ters and four grandchildren. 
Whittum was retired as techni- 
cal director for Advance 
Coatings Co., where he worked 
for 24 years. He belonged to 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon. 

Edwin T. Clinton '35 of 

Conn., died 
March 13, 

Husband of 
the late Maty 
(Duff) Clinton, he leaves three 
daughters and five grandchil- 
dren. Clinton was a retired 
mechanical engineer who 
worked for Bassick Co. He 
belonged to Sigma Phi Epsilon 
and Sigma Xi. 

Harry W. Raymond '35 of 
Salem, N.H., died Dec. 30, 
2001. He was a former radio 
operator for the East 
Providence, R.I., Police 

William M. Wilson '35 of 

"T^^^H I Venice, Fla., 
/*"•' 3 I died July 11, 

^H leaves his 

Virginia, two 
daughters, a 
son, seven grandchildren and 10 
great-grandchildren. Wilson was 
a civil engineer for the Corps of 
Engineers in Boston and served 
as post engineer at the Natick 
(Mass.) Quarter Master 
Research and Development 
Command. He belonged to 
Theta Chi. 

Transformations | Spring 2003 4 1 


S. Bushell '37 of 

Lusby, Md., 
died Nov. 
26, 2002. He 
leaves his 

Winifred, a 
son and a 
Bushell was retired 
Federal Aviation 
ration, where he had 
the schedules branch, 
ged to Phi Gamma 

from the 
served in 
He belon 

Robert W. Chase Sr. '37 of 

Whitinsville, Mass., died Feb. 7, 
2002. He was predeceased by 
his wife, Alice (Roberts), in 
1996, his first wife, Anne 
(O'Donnell), in 1992, and a 
son in 1984. Surviving are two 
sons, 1 1 grandchildren, and 
seven great-grandchildren. 
Chase worked in the field engi- 
neering department of 
Massachusetts Electric Co. for 
40 years and retired in 1978. 
He belonged to Sigma Alpha 

Raymond W. Schuh '37 of 

N.J., died 
Feb. 9, 2002. 
A longtime 
civil engi- 
neer, he 

retired from Mobil Oil Corp. in 
1997 with 30 years of service. 
He leaves his wife, Mae Busser 
Schuh (nee DiSalvo), three 
daughters, a stepson, a step- 
daughter, three grandchildren 
and two step-grandchildren. He 
belonged to Sigma Phi Epsilon. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of Leo J. Cronin 
'38ofMenloPark, Calif, in 
1999. His wife, Dorothy 
(McHugh), died in 1994. 
Cronin was the founder and 
retired chairman of Spectra-Mat 
Inc. He belonged to the 
President's Advisory Council 
and Phi Kappa Thcta. 

Ward D. "Don" Messimer '39 

of Waynes- 
boro, Va., 
died March 
2, 2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Agnes, 
two sons and 
four daughtets. Messimer was 
the retired vice president of 
Illinois Railway Equipment. He 
belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Philip A. O'Brien '39 of Port 
Lucie, Fla., died Match 14, 
2002. His first wife, Mary 
(Callahan), died in 1975. He 
leaves his wife of 22 years, 
Frances (Squires), a son, four 
daughters, a stepson, two step- 
daughters, 16 grandchildren, six 
step-grandchildren and three 
grandchildren. O'Brien was a 
graduate of Clark University 
and the recipient of a Yale fel- 
lowship to study at the 
University of Jena in Weimar, 
Germany. He was a co-president 
of the E.A. Sullivan Co. and 
later retired from Sears, 
Roebuck & Co. as a manager. 
He belonged to Phi Kappa 

Robinson M. Swift '40 of 

Hooksett, N.H., a retired chem- 
istry professor, died June 5, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Elizabeth (Stearns), two sons, a 
daughter and five grandchil- 
dren. A graduate of the 
University of New Hampshire, 
Swift earned his master's degree 
at Northwestern University and 
his doctorate at Syracuse 
University. He taught chemistry 
at Thiel College and later at 
Saint Anselm College, where he 
also served as skiing coach. He 
belonged to Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon and Sigma Xi. 

La rr a bee Known As 
"Mr. Propeller" 

MIT professor emeritus 
E. Eugene Larrabee '42 

(on stairs in photo) died 
Jan. 1 1, 2003, in Mount 
Vernon, N.Y. Recog- 
nized in the aeronautics 
field for his work on 
human-powered aircraft, 
he earned the nickname 
"Mr. Propeller" for 
design innovations that 
enabled the Gossamer 
Albatross to cross the 
English Channel in 
1 979 and the Daedalus 
to cross the Aegean Sea 
in 1988. He also made 

important theoretical contributions to the design of wind- 
mills, human-poweted boats, and an early wind tunnel 
used at MIT. 

In a 1 984 letter to the staff of the WPI Journal, Larrabee 
wrote of his accomplishments, "All of this comes from my knowl- 
edge of the work of Betz and Prandtl at Goettingen, written in 
1919, to which I was first introduced by the late Professor Kenneth 
G. Merriam in 1941, who was himself a great teacher." 

A member of Sigma Xi, Larrabee earned a master's degree in aero- 
nautics from MIT in 1948. He began his teaching career at MIT in 
1946, while completing his graduate work, and retired in 1982. 
He was a co-author of Airplane Stability and Control: A History of 
the Technologies That Made Aviation Possible. Surviving family 
members include his wife, Christine (Rogan), a daughter and a son. 

James H. Hinman '41 of East 

R.I., died 
■ _ | Feb. 11, 

I 2002. 
by his wife, 

(Poenack), he leaves a son, a 
daughter and eight grandchil- 
dren. Hinman joined the alu- 
minum division of Revere 
Copper &.' Brass after gradua- 
tion and retired as national sales 
manager in 1984. He belonged 
to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

James J. I.ippard '41 ol 
Plymouth, Mass., and Naples. 
Fla., died Oct. 4, 2001. 

Survivors include a sister, a 
niece and a nephew. An avid 
sailor. I.ippard was a ( nasi 

Guard veteran of World War II 
and later served as an engineer 
in the Merchant Marines and 
for Grace Line. He also worked 
on the Steamship Authority 
ferry from New Bedlord to 

Donald R. Packard '42 died 

Feb. 3, 2002. 
A longtime 

resident of 
Mass., he 
and His wife. 

had a son and two daughters. 

\lu i a caieei in die design and 

construction ol industrial man 
iilaciuring plains, Packard 
retired from lalin Foundry 
Corp. as an industrial engineer- 
ing management consultant, He 
belonged to Alpha lau Omega. 

42 Transformations \ Spring 200 

Herbert W. Marsh '43 of 

Lacey, Wash., 
died Sept. 7, 

2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Lillian, 
three sons 
and sevetal 

grandchildren. Marsh was 
retired from Westinghouse Co.'s 
Advanced Breeder Reactor 
Project in Oak Ridge, Tenn., 
where he had been a design 
engineer. He belonged to Phi 
Sigma Kappa. 

Leon H. Rice '43 of Bedford, 
N.H., died March 20, 2002. 
He is survived by his wife, 
Margery (Miller), five daugh- 
ters, a son and 1 2 grandchil- 
dren. Rice was general manager 
of Leighton Machine Co. He 
belonged to Alpha Tao Omega. 

Francis J. (Yuknavich) Yorke 

'43 of Hamden, Conn., died 
June 2, 

2002. He 
was a design 
engineer for 
Pratt & 
Aircraft for 

30 years. Survivors include his 
wife, Janet (Langella), two sons, 
two daughters and eight grand- 

Louis J. Baldini '44 of 

Nashville, Tenn., died Oct. 26, 
2001. Survivors include his 
wife, June, and three daughters. 
Baldini was vice president and 
chief design engineer for the 
electrical group of I.C. 
Thomasson & Assoc. 

John S. Bateman '44, founder 
of Bateman Furniture Co., died 
Feb. 8, 2002. Before launching 
his business in 1983, Bateman 
worked at Notthridge Furniture 
Co. for 30 years. A member 
of Sigma Alpha Epsilon, he is 
survived by his wife, Marilyn 
(Nelson), a son and two 

Philip P. Brown '44 died at 
home in Arlington, Va., on 
April 8, 2002. Predeceased by 

his wife, Randall (Boyce), in 
1997, he leaves three daughters, 
two sons and nine grandchil- 
dren. Brown held a master's 
degree from Brown University 
and was the author of more 
than 25 technical publications. 
Fot 25 yeats, he served as a 
civilian engineer in the Navy 
Facilities Engineering 
Command. After retiring in 
1978 as chief geotechnical engi- 
neer he served as a consultant 
for the Navy and as an expert 
witness at trials. He belonged to 
Alpha Tau Omega. 

Harold C. Davis Jr. '44 of 

Clinton and West Hartford, 
Conn., died July 31, 2002. He 
leaves his wife, Doreen 
(Forshaw), a daughter and two 
grandchildren. He was prede- 
ceased by a daughrer. Davis was 
founder and president of 
Electto-Flex Heat Inc. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Andrew Kurko '44 of Dallas, 
Texas, died 
Dec. 1, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife. Vera, 
two sons, a 
seven grandchildren and six 
great-grandchildren. Kurko was 
the ownet of Kurko Plastics 
Co., a small manufacturing 
plant in Huton, Ohio, whete he 
worked until the age of 78. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Ellsworth P. "Bud" Mellor Sr. 

'44 died Feb. 15, 2002, at his 
home in Holden, Mass. The 
ownet and operator of E.P. 
Mellor Co. for 25 years, he 
also worked at Morgan 
Construction Co. as a mechani- 
cal engineet fot 18 years. Mellor 
is survived by eight sons, six 
daughters, 30 grandchildren 
and many great-grandchildren. 
He belonged to Sigma Phi 

John J. "Jack" Robinson '44 

died June 5, 2002, at his home 
in Glastonbury, Conn. Preceded 
in death by his wife, Marilyn 

(Wilson), he is survived by 
three daughtets, eight grand- 
children and two great-grand- 
children. Robinson was a 
mechanical engineer with the 
former Revere Corp. of America 
for 33 years. He belonged to 
Alpha Tau Omega. 

Philip G. Duffy '46 of 

Peabody, Mass., died Jan. 10, 
2002. He leaves his wife, Anne, 
two sons and a daughter. Duffy 
earned an MBA at Temple 
Univetsity and was retired from 
The Foxboro Company as a 
service manager. He belonged 
to Phi Kappa Theta. 

John J. Goeller '46 of 

Waltham, Mass., died Jan. 6, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Patticia, and a son, Robert E. 
Goeller '75. Goeller was retired 
from a career in international 
marketing with IBM World 
Trade Corp. He earned a bache- 
lor's and a master's degree from 
New York University and 
belonged to Tau Beta Pi. 

Edward A. Pendleton '46 of 

Va., died July 
27, 2002. 
A longtime 
resident of 
he is survived 
by his wife, Rosemary 
(Rafferty), two sons, two 
daughters, a stepson and five 
grandchildren. Pendleton was 
founder and president of 
Pendleron Fire Brick Co. He 
belonged to Phi Kappa Theta. 

Robert F. Nardini '48 of 

Grand Island, N.Y., died Oct. 
10, 2000. Predeceased by his 
wife, Marie, he leaves two sons 
and a daughter Nardini was 
retired from Linde Co. as a 
project engineet. A graduate of 
Tufts Univetsity, he eatned a 
master's degtee in chemical 
engineering from WPI. 

Sturgis A. Sobin '48 of 

Ansonia, Conn., died Aug. 22, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Madeleine, two sons, two 

daughters and eight gtandchil- 
dren. He was predeceased by a 
daughter Sobin was an antiques 
dealer for Andrew J. Sobin & 
Son, the antique restoration 
business statted by his father, 
which specialized in testoration 
of 18th century American furni- 
ture. His work was featuted in 
magazines and in the collections 
of museums. Sobin also served 
as mayor of Ansonia from 1971 
to 1973, and was later appoint- 
ed director of pari-muruel 
wagering for the state's Special 
Revenue Commission. He 
belonged to Sigma Alpha 

Franklin P. Emerson '49, an 

avid mountain climber died 
Sept. 17, 2002, on Mount 
Katahdin in Baxter State Patk, 
Maine, during his annual climb. 
His wife, Gwendolyn, died in 
2001. He is survived by four 
sons, a daughter and eight 
grandchildren. A longtime resi- 
dent of Woodstock, Conn., 
Emerson was owner and general 
manager of West Dudley Paper 
Mill, a division of Rhode Island 
Cardboard Co. He retired from 
Connecticut Paperboard Co. 
and continued as a consultant 
until his death. He belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha, Sigma Xi 
and Tau Beta Pi. 

Daniel L. McQuillan '49 of 

Venice, Fla., 
died July 28, 
2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Joan 
(LeClair), a 
son, a daugh- 
tet and four grandchildren. He 
was predeceased by a daughter. 
A graduate of Not theastetn 
Univetsity School of Business 
Administration, McQuillan was 
retited as CEO of McQuillan 
Associates and president of 
Aerovox/AVX Corp. He 
belonged to Theta Chi. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 43 

James Z. Peepas '49 of 

Kinnelon, N.J., died Aug. 4, 
2002. He leaves his wife, Estelle 
(Spanos), four daughters and 
nine grandchildren. Peepas was 
chairman of Selecto-Flash Inc., 
a graphics business he founded 
in 1956. He belonged to Phi 
Sigma Kappa, Skull, Pi Delta 
Epsilon and the President's 
Advisory Council. 

Alan F. Swenson '49 of 

Norwalk, Conn., died June 6, 
2002. An electro-mechanical 
engineer, he worked as an inter- 
national consultant for Pitney- 
Bowes. Survivors include a 
nephew, a niece and a great- 
nephew. Swenson belonged to 
Sigma Phi Epsilon. 

Frank J. DeMarco Jr. '50 of 

Highland, Calif, died May 15, 
2000. Predeceased by his wife, 
Cecile (Hebert), he leaves two 
daughters. DeMarco worked for 
the California Division of 
Highways and later was a prac- 
titioner in the Church of 
Christ, Scientist. 

Donald W.Dodge '50 of 

Wilmington, Del., died July 7, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Bernice, a son and a daughter. 
Dodge joined DuPont Co. in 
1958 and retired as a technical 
director in 1985. A trumpet 
player with the Boyntonians, he 
played briefly with Al Hirt and 
fot the Rockettes. A member of 
Sigma Xi and Tau Beta Pi, he 
earned a master's degree in 
chemical engineering in 1952. 

Harvey W. Fishburn Jr. '50 

died June 4, 2002, at his 
Myerstown, Pa., home. He is 
survived by his wife, Joyce 
Hoover Swope Fishburn, two 
sons, a daughter, two stepchil- 
dren, a granddaughter and three 
step-grandchildren. Fishburn 
attended WPI and earned his 
bachelor's degree from 
Gettysburg College. After earn- 
ing a master's degree in educa- 
tion from Temple University, he- 
taught high school mathematics 
and later served as assistant 

principal, athletic director, assis- 
tant to the superintendent and 
director of transportation for 
the Mathacton School District. 
He belonged to Sigma Alpha 

Bradford L. Smith '50 of Santa 
Barbara, Calif, died April 20, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Geraldine (Beaudry), a son and 
a daughter. Smith spent 15 
years in plant engineering and 
management before attending 
Bryn Mawr College and earning 
certification as a life under- 
writer. He was retired from 
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. 

Henry Styskal Jr. '50 of 

Mass., died 
July 9, 2002. 
His wife, 
died in 2001. 
Survivors include two sons, a 
daughter and three grandchil- 
dren. Styskal was retired as 
owner of TQM Inc. He previ- 
ously ran several area electronics 
firms. A former chair of the 
Alumni Fund board, he also 
chaired his class's 40th Anniver- 
sary Gift Committee. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Former Class President Harold 
Althen '52 of West End, N.C., 
died Oct. 28, 
2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Evelyn 
and two 
sons. Althen 
was the retired vice president of 
sales for Peabody Engineering 
Corp. A member of Phi Sigma 
Kappa, Skull, Sigma Xi and Tau 
Beta Pi, he served his class as a 
Reunion chair and a solicitor. 

Eugene A. Jakaitis '52 of 

Lower Makefield Township, Pa., 
died June 21, 2002. Predeceased 
by his wife, Elaine, he leaves a 
son and a daughter. A chemical 
engineer, Jakaitis received sev- 
eral patents for petroleum wax 
products duting his early career 

with Atlantic Refining Co. He 
latet joined Mobil Oil Co. as a 
research technologist and retired 
27 years later as manager of spe- 
cial products for the company's 
Technical Services Lab. He 
belonged to Theta Chi. 

Donald F. Rosen '52 died July 
18, 2002, at home in Lakeville, 
Mass. He is survived by his 
wife, Betty Lou, two sons, a 
daughter and eight grandchil- 
dren. A graduate of North- 
eastern University, Rosen was 
the retired president of E.J. 
Flynn Engineers, a division of 
Thermo Electron Corp. After 
retirement he remained active in 
town politics and continued a 
private practice as a consulting 
engineet. He belonged to Phi 
Sigma Kappa. 

Dr. John P. Russell '54 of 

Wintergreen, Va., died July 22, 
2002, leaving his wife, Linda, 
two sons, a daughter and two 
grandchildren. A pathologist 
and a graduate of Temple 
Medical School, he worked for 
Upstate (N.Y.) Medical Center 
and retired from Crouse Irving 
Memorial Hospital in Syracuse 
in 1996. He belonged to Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon, Tau Beta Pi and 
Sigma Xi. 

Daniel A. Grant Jr. '55 of 

Dedham, Mass., died April 28, 
2002. He leaves his wife, Marie 
(Sullivan), four daughrers and 
seven grandchildren. Grant was 
retired from R.W. Beck & 
Assoc. He received a bachelor 
of arts degree from Harvard 
University in 1951 before com- 
ing to WPI to earn his bache- 
lor's degree in electrical engi- 

neering as well as a master's 
degree in 1956. 

Constantino "Gus" Rhodes 

'57 died Dec. 27, 2001, at 
home in Framingham, Mass. 
He is survived by two daugh- 
ters, a brother, nieces and 
nephews. Rhodes was a systems 
analyst for GTE Sylvania, where 
he worked on missile security 
systems and instruments used 
on the Apollo 13 space mission. 
He received several patents and 
was invited to be in Who's Who 
in Science and Engineering. 

Robert W. Goodfader '60 of 

Calif, died 
April 19, 
2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Mary 
(Gates), a 
son and a daughter. Goodfader 
was the owner of Sidewalk 
Enterprises and The Sidewalk 
Cafe, which was influential in 
the revitalization of Venice 
Beach. The cafe was used as a 
film location for several popular 
TV shows and movies. 
Goodfader belonged to the 
President's Advisory Council 
and Alpha Epsilon Pi. 

Stephen J. Hewick '60 of 

Mississau, Ontario, died Nov. 
12, 2001. He leaves his wife, 
Colleen, and two children. 
Hewick was retited from 
Nippon Koel Co. as chief super- 
vision engineer. His previous 
employment included the 
California Depattment of 
Highways and Amman &C 
Whitney in Bangladesh. 


In fhe Fall 2002 issue, a sidebar of the feature article, 
"Achieving Liftoff: The Next Generation," on page 26 should 
have identified George Oliver '82 as president of GE Betz. 

The obituary of John F. Mitchell '53 misstated his residence 
and his age. Mitchell lived in Hopkinlon, N.H., and died at 
the age of 87. We thank his brother-in-law, John M. Barllett Jr. 
'42, for correcting these errors. 

44 Transformation) \ Spring 2003 

Benjamin B. Morgan '60 of 

Pomfret, Conn., died Aug. 1, 
2002. He was a former teacher 
and senior master of the 
Pomftet School, where he 
taught for 40 years. He was the 
son of the late Paul B. Morgan 
Jr. '30. Survivors include a 
brother, a nephew and two 

David Q. Olson '61 of Port 
Orchard, Wash., died July 30, 
2002. He is survived by his 
wife, Ruth (Moore), two step- 
sons, two daughters and a 
grandchild. Olson was president 
of Integrasoft Corp. He served 
as a computer consultant for 
numerous financial and banking 

Richard A. Garvais '63 of 

Simpsonville, S.C., died July 4, 
2002. He leaves his wife, Carol, 
two sons, a daughter and four 
grandchildren. Garvais earned 
an MBA at Syracuse University 
and worked fot Corning Glass 
Works for seven years. He 
rerired from Wilson Sporting 
Goods in 1996 as plant manager 
of the world's largest tennis ball 
factory. He belonged to Lambda 
Chi Alpha and Sigma Xi. 

Henry J. Gaw '63 (SIM) of 
Clinton, Mass., died Aug. 1, 
2002. Predeceased by his wife, 
Loretta (Russell), in 1990, he 
leaves two sons, a daughter and 
eight grandchildren. Gaw was 
retired from Ray-O-Vac, where 
he worked from 1934 to 1977. 

Col. Herbert W. Head '63 of 

Vienna, Va., died March 4, 
2002. He joined the U.S. Army 
in 1964 and earned a master's 
degree in physics from the 
Naval Postgraduate School. 
After two combat tours, Head 
served in the Army Survivability 
Management Office, perform- 
ing survival analysis and pre- 
scribing vulnerability reductions 
for weapons systems. A member 
of Phi Kappa Theta, he leaves 
his wife, Carol, a son and a 

John H. Sistare '63 died at 
home in Waterford, Conn., of 
lymphoma, on March 21, 2002. 
He leaves his wile, Beverly 
(Wilson), two sons, a daughter 
and five grandchildren. Sisrare 
retired from Digital Equipment 
Corp. in 1992 and moved to 
the Connecticut shore to pursue 
his love of boating and wood- 
working and to spend more 
time with his family. He 
belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Harry I. Cunningham '64 

(SIM) of Framingham, Mass., 
died Jan. 4, 2002. His wife, 
Marie, survives. Cunningham 
was retired from Bay State 
Abrasives as vice ptesident of 

Ret. U.S. Army Col. Charles T. 
"Terry" Chase '68 of 

Springfield, Va., died Nov. 17, 

2001. Chase's military career 
included service in Europe, 
Vietnam and Korea. He served 
as division materiel manage- 
ment officer for the Air Assault 
Division at Fott Campbell, Ky. 
After retiting from the Army, 
Chase became a senior engineer 
at Batelle Pacific Northwest 
National Laboratoty in Wash- 
ington, DC. He belonged to 
Theta Chi and Scabbard & 

David R. Martin '68 of 

N.J., died 
July 4, 2002. 
A mechanical 
engineer for 
the Naval Air 

Systems, he is survived by a 

brother and rwo aunts. 

Richard J. Carroll '71 (SIM) 
of Sun City, Fla., died April 27, 

2002, at the age of 75. He 
leaves his wife, Elza, a daughter 
and three grandchildren. 
Carroll's 40-year career in sales, 
manufacturing engineering and 
administration included Pratt &C 
Whitney Aircraft, Warren Pumps 
and several smaller companies. 

Public Eye 

When Meta Spreen Black, wife of the late Harold Black '21, 
died at age 107 in December 2002, her achievements were 
noted in the New Jersey along with her hus- 

band's discovery of negative feedback. One of the state's oldest 
residents at the time of her death, she published a historical 
paper on the New York subways system when she was 1 00, 
and contributed to a Yale University study on centenarians last 
year . . . WPI director of internetworking and telecommunications 
Al Johannesen '68 was interviewed on the front page of the 

and the 
on the menace of new Internet viruses . . . The los Angeles 

ii8y ran a lengthy interview with 
Don Peterson '71 on Avaya's hopes to continue growth during 
volatile times in the telecommunications industry . . . 
quoted Professor Jonathan Barnett '74 on the vulnerability of high- 
rise buildings in the aftermath of the September 1 1 terrorist 
attacks. In the aftermath of the deadly nightclub fire in West 
Warwick, R.I., he and Firesafety Center director David Lucht were 
quoted as experts by television and public radio news programs 
and in major newspapers including the 

. . . Midior Consulting founder Susan Loconto Penta '86 was pro- 
filed in the B ... the 
louranf ran a photo story on Scott Hanna '87 and Hanna 
Motorsports, his family's jet-car racing team, which involves his 
brother, Rich, and his father, Al ... The 

interviewed Heidi Schellenger '92 on her 
desire to use her civil engineering degree to control development, 
rather than encourage it. She is executive director of the 
Lancaster Farmland Trust . . . Christopher Dyl '95 was named a 
High Tech All Star by He is the lead soft- 

ware developer on Asheron's Call, Turbine Entertainment 
Software's popular multiplayer online game. 

Transformations | Spring 2003 4 5 

Arthur J. Collette Jr. 71 

(SIM) of Millbury, Mass., died 
Nov. 20, 2001. He was 73. 
Survivors include his wife, Eve 
(Patriquin), a son, two daugh- 
ters and two grandchildren. A 
graduate of Worcester Junior 
College, he worked at New 
England High Carbon Wife Co. 
for 32 years and later retired 
from Nensco. 

Richard L. Cotter 71 of 

Milford, Mass., died June 22, 
2002. He leaves his wife, Diane 
E. (Kazmier), a son and a 
daughter. A research chemist for 
30 years. Cotter worked for 
Millipore Corp. and served as 
principal scientist at Waters 
Associares Inc. 

Richard E. Dynia 71 of 

Enfield, Conn., died Dec. 31, 
2001. He leaves his wife, 
Patricia (Lucibello), a son, two 
daughters and two grandchil- 
dren. Dynia was a computer 
consultant for Solutia. He 
earned a master's degree in 
mechanical engineering at RPI 
and belonged to Alpha Tau 

Harry F. Nordstrom Jr. '80 

(SIM) of Leicester Mass., died 
June 19, 2002, at the age of 71. 
He leaves a son, a daughter and 
five grandchildren. Nordstrom 
was a gtaduate of Quinsigamond 
Community College and Clark 

University. He was retited from 
North America Pipe Products 
Co., and had previously worked 
as a plant manager for Astra 
Pharmaceutical Co. for 35 years. 

Dan D. DohertyJr. '81 (G) of 

Bedford, N.H., died Feb. 17, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Beverly (Talpale), a son and a 
daughter. A graduate of 
Assumption College, Doherty 
earned his master's degree in 
biomedical engineering at WPI. 
He was a software engineering 
manager for Digital Equipment 
for 16 years before joining 
Kronos Inc. as vice president of 

Francis N. Berglund '82 

(SIM), 70, of Worcester died 
March 8, 2002. He is survived 
by his wife, Jean (Tangring) , a 
son, a daughter and two grand- 
daughters. Berglund was a 
graduate of Worcestet Junior 
College and Suffolk University. 
He was retired from a 31 -year 
career with Norton Co. 

Edwin M. Shook Jr. '89 

(SIM), a former Worcester State 
College professor, died Aug. 2, 
2002. He was 64. A graduate of 
Boston Univetsity, he worked 
for Wyman-Gordon Co., IBM, 
Data General Co. and Reed & 
Prince Co. As an adjunct 
professor at Worcester State 
College, he taught computer 

China forum 

Given the global unrest, many 
people are taking a "wait 
and see" attitude concerning 
travel outside the United 
States. Therefore, WPI has 
decided to postpone Alumni 
Forum 2003: Doing Business 
in China. For information 
on the forum and to check 
updates, visit 

skills for business applications. 
Surviving family members 
include his wife, Sandra 
(Castiglione), two sons and a 

Maurice R. Goudreau '91 

(SIM) of Hooksett, N.H., died 
March 22, 2002, at the age of 
52. He leaves his wife, Gloria 
(Cales), thtee sons, a daughter 
and five grandchildren. 
Goudreau was a programmer 
analyst for Tradepoint Systems. 
A U.S. Army veteran, he served 
in Vietnam and tetired from the 
military after 11 years of service. 

Bevan Wang '92 of Nashua, 
N.H., died 
Dec. 24, 
2002, after a 
battle with 
leukemia. He was a co-founder, 
principal and creative design 
director of Active Edge New 
Media, a Web-development 

firm specializing in animated, 
interactive designs. Survivors 
include his parents, a brother, 
nieces and nephews Memorial 
messages may be read and post- 
ed at 
Barton F. Gariepy '93 of 
Eugene, Ore., died Sept. 8, 
2002, after he was injured in a 
climbing accident. A native of 
Barre, Mass., he moved to 
Eugene eight years ago to work 
in the biotechnology field. He 
also taught college pteparatory 
courses. Surviving family mem- 
bers include his parents and 
two brothers. Gariepy belonged 
to the Phi Sigma honor society. 

Kevin J. McColIor '97 of 

Lewiston, Maine, died unex- 
pectedly on Oct. 27, 2002. His 
wife, Amanda (Dube), survives. 
McColIor attended WPI for 
two years and graduared from 
the University of Maine at 
Orono in 1997. He was a 
computer administrator for 

4 6 Transformations | Spring 2003 

WPI Alumni Association Awards 

Robert H. Goddard Alumni Award 

for Outstanding Professional Achievement 

David S. Jenney '53 
Francis P. Barton '68 
Michael R. Paige '68 
Mark J. Freitas '78 

Herbert F. Taylor Alumni Award 
for Distinguished Service to WPI 

James G. McKernan '48 
Francis W. Madigan Jr. '53 
Robert E. Maynard Jr. '63 

WPI Award for Distinguished Service 

Myles McDonough, trustee emeritus 

Ichabod Washburn Young Alumni Award 
for Professional Achievement 

Maureen Sexton Horgan '83 
Sean D. S. Sebastian '83 
John J. West '88 

John Boynton Young Alumni Award 
for Service to WPI 

Terence P. O'Coin '83 
Walter T. Towner Jr. '83 
Sherd L. Curria '93 

William R. Grogan Award 

for Support of the Mission of WPI 

Professor Robert W. Fitzgerald '53 
Professor Denise Nicoletti (posthumously) 

Front Lines of Telemedicine 

Continued from page 20 

System in various transportation applications, some of which 
was sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration and the 
U.S. Forestry Service. In particular, it will continue a line of 
work that started with an undergraduate project in 1996. 

ECE majors Michael Roberts, William Cidela and Chris 
Mangiarelli developed technology to alert engineers on Provi- 
dence & Worcester Railroad locomotives when they were 
approaching a switch set in the wrong position. As one of the 
advisors for that project, Michalson became intrigued with the 
challenge of locating an object, such as a locomotive, as it 
moved through confined spaces like tunnels and rock cuts. 

This interest 

, , c , L_ir~i-r-E-r-i— «--ef=?-eo 

led to rurther 

discussions with representatives of the 
railroad and mining industries. After 
the 1999 Worcester Cold Storage 
warehouse fire, remembered for 
desperate efforts to locate six firefighters 
who ultimately died inside the blazing 
building, Michalson was part of a WPI 

— 77m Gerrity 

team that proposed a system for monitoring and locating 
emergency workers in buildings. (The project recently received 
a $1 million appropriation from Congress; see page 6.) 

"Whether we're designing systems for firefighters and 
rescue workers, military personnel, or hospitals — they'll all use 
the same fundamental signal design," says Michalson. "The 
system requirements of the military and civilian sectors may be 
quite different, but the commonality is the signal design. So, 
the benefits in one area will be helpful to the other areas." 

of all Americans; diabetes and arthritis each affect about 6 
percent. So you have a large portion of the population suffering 
from a chronic illness that requires some level of management 
on a day-to-day basis. At the same time, you have healthcare 
costs that are rapidly escalating — to the point where some 
major companies are finding it necessary to reduce or eliminate 
health benefits for employees." 

Smart physiological sensors, in concert with a wireless 
network, could permit elderly or chronically ill patients to be 
monitored in their homes, eliminating the need for frequent 
trips to the doctor and making physicians more productive. 

More important, 
such sensor sys- 
tems can monitor trends and detect 
anomalies, so that required treatment, 
including emergency treatment, can 
be anticipated and delivered just in 

"By reducing the need for office 
visits, and all the time and effort it 

-i— h-er-eo -i— t--e-F=n_.-r-i— «-cr-f=»-F^-e: 

has the potential to significantly 

reduce the cost of delivering healthcare 

while also increasing the quality 

of care people receive. 

From the Front Line to the Home Front 

Translating the benefits of this medical technology for the 
military into the civilian heathcare realm is one of the most 
important missions of BEI, according to director Tim Gerrity. 

"The biggest burden on our healthcare system is the 
chronically ill," Gerrity notes. "Asthma affects about 10 percent 

takes to schedule them," Gerrity says, "and by giving patients 
real-time information they can use to better manage their own 
health, untethered healthcare has the potential to significantly 
reduce the cost of delivering healthcare while also increasing 
the quality of care people receive." 

It will be three to five years before any civilian applica- 
tions begin to hit the market. But when the time comes, 
Gerrity says BEI will do everything it can to make it a suc- 
cessful transition. The institute's mission, he says, is to take 
technology developed by its faculty and students and com- 
mercialize it through corporate partnerships and by nurturing 
startup companies. 

"You wouldn't believe the amount of technology that has 
been developed in this field that ends up gathering dust on a 
shelf somewhere," he says. "I can assure you that isn't going to 
happen with the work of this center." 

—* 'ffir*****- 

Help Us Cover a Special Year 

This year, Transformations is covering WPI's involvement in the past, present and future 
of powered flight. The series will culminate with the Fall 2003 issue, in time for the 
1 00th anniversary of the Wright brothers' first flight on Dec. 1 7. 

We invite readers to suggest story ideas. Do you know alumni whose aviation, aeronautics or spaceflight accomplishments 
should be highlighted? Are you involved in work in a flight-related field that may be of interest to our readers? Send a mes- 
sage to or visit www.wpi .edu/+Transformations and look for the special item on this series. You 
may also write or call us using the contact information on page 3. 

Transformations \ Spring 2003 4 7 

Time Machine 

Joan Killough-Miller 

Try This at Home: 

An Early Machine Brought Computing to the Masses 

Jon Titus '67 didn't invent the petsonal computer. It's hard to say 
who did, since no one agrees on which machine first qualified for 
that designation. What Titus did do — in an era before anyone envi- 
sioned a PC in every home or an electronics superstore in every 
mall — was to put the plans and parts for a do-it-yourself computer 
into the hands of hobbyists throughout the world. 

When Jon Titus' Mach-8 minicomputer hit the market in 1974, it featured a revolutionary 16 kilobytes of memory. 
Titus recently paid a visit to the new home of WPI's Network Operations office in Morgan Hall. From here, NetOps 
connects 27 academic buildings, four satellite campuses, and 36 dorms and fraternities— with a memory capacity 
of 512 gigabytes. 

His invention — the Mark-8 Minicomputer — is now part of the 
permanent Information Age exhibit in the Smithsonian Institution's 
National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. 

"My claim to fame was creating the first generally available 
computer to use a microprocessor chip, which put it in a price range- 
that the home hobbyist could afford," Titus explains. Last fall, he 
was honored with the 2002 George R. Stibitz Computer Pioneer 
Award, along with the inventors of the cell phone and the compact 
disc. Previous recipients include Apple founder Steve Wozniak and 
Internet architect Vincent G. Cerf. 

In 1967, when Titus earned his B.S. in chemistry at WPI, 
computer science was yet to become a discipline, and only hobbyists 
were drawn to the clumsy new machines. Tims recalls learning a lew 

simple programming exercises during an ROTC course taught by a 
captain who stayed a few lessons ahead of his students. The idea of 
having a computer at home was as ridiculous as owning your own 
satellite, he says. Apart from the size and the expense, there wasn't 
much the average person would want to do with it. 

Titus had no grand aspirations for the Mark-8. "I just wanted 

my own computer to fool 
around with," he says. As a 
chemistry graduate student at 
Virginia Tech, he challenged 
himself to build a computer 
around Intel's new 8-bit 8008 
microprocessor chip. His 
modifications successfully 
expanded its memory capacity 
to a revolutionary 16 kilobytes. 

A cover story and a mail-in 
offer in the July 1974 issue of 
Radio-Electronics made the 
Mark-8 famous. For $5 you 
could get a detailed instructional 
booklet; a set of circuit boards 
for the project was available for 
$50. Suddenly, anyone with a 
bit of electrical know-how could 
own a functional computer for a 
total cost of about $350. Noth- 
ing else came close, in price, 
size or computing power. 

Sales were modest, totaling 
about 400 board sets and 7,500 
booklets. Titus likens his 
achievement to inventing the 
egg beater before anyone knew 
that eggs were edible and good 
for you. The common reaction 
was "Well, that's interesting. 
But what can you do with it?" Not much, he had to admit. 

"Computers had their place, doing rapid and complex calcula- 
tions," says Titus, "but 1 don't think anybody at that time had anv 
idea that information technology would be as pervasive as it is now." 

With the royalties, plus the payment for the magazine article. 
Titus bought an IBM Selectric correcting typewriter to keep up with 
the correspondence. (Word processors and personal printers were still 
on the horizon.) 

I le didn't get rich, but he did go down in history. Titus still 
hears regularly from hobbvisis who want to recreate or linker with 
the original design. Devotees remember the Mark-8 with affection, 
as a hardworking machine thai proved home computers lor the 
masses were possible. 

48 Transformations \ Spring 

ack .to WPI 
without leaving home. 

^ is 


in g 

Something Old. Something New. 

Reunion Weekend June s-b, 2003 

This year, Reunion Weekend has a new twist. 
In addition to perennial favorites like the parade, 
golf tournament, gala receptions and class banquets, 
we introduce the Alumni College, a weekend- 
long symposium of discussions, lectures and interactive 
sessions led by faculty, alumni and other distinguished 
members of the WPI community. 

Explore these topics: 

An Introduction to Bioengineering 
The Future of Fuel Cells 
Intellectual Property Rights 

Join in discussions: 

The Art of Antiquing, Tag Sales and Auctions 

The Geography or Wines 

The ABCs of Applying to College 

111 ii...i.i..i,i.L..i„i.i.ii„ii,..ii..„tr„i„i,i,„ii 

•"•'3-DIGIT 032 

S413 P5 

To reserve your space at Reunion, 
contact the Office of Alumni Relations 
at 508-831-5600 


Su mmer 20 

The Class of 2003: 
Ready for What's Next 

Life in the Fast Lane: 
Shane Chalke '73 

Midsummer Nantucket Dreams 
with Matt Parker '87 

Dave Jenney '53, 
Father of the Black Hawk Helicopter 

I ' Profiles in Giving 

Chris and Lisa Heyl '84 

Home: North Haven, Conn. 
Gift Arrangement: Annual Fund 

Extending the Reach of the WPI Plan 

"WPI gave us the tools we needed to be successful in 
the business world," say G. Christopher Heyl and Lisa 
LaChance Heyl, both members of the Class of 1984. Chris, 
vice president of manufacturing with the Marlin Firearms 
Company, and Lisa, a consultant, attribute much of their 
success to their team-based project experience. Now they're 
hoping to share those benefits with their children. "When 
we were presented with an opportunity to enroll the kids 
in a nontraditional, group-oriented program in the primary 
schools in North Haven, Conn., we didn't hesitate," say the 
Heyls. "Project-oriented learning worked for us, and we 
want to give our kids that opportunity as soon as possible." 

Supporting Areas of Greatest Need 

Chris and Lisa have remained close to WPI since graduation, 
serving on their class boatd and volunteering to assist with 
their class's Reunion planning and gift efforts. They support 
the university through yearly contributions to the Annual 
Fund, which helps finance day-to-day operations by supplying 
much needed budget relief and supporting important areas 
such as student life and financial aid. Giving via credit card 
with the gift form on the WPI Web site makes it easy to 
contribute, they say. "If we're paying bills late at night, we 
can log on and make our gift — we don't have to look for a 
stamp or remember where we put the envelope." As past 
recipients of scholarships, Chris and Lisa recognize the 
importance of providing financial assistance to students, 
so they frequently designate their annual gift to be used for 
financial aid. "We're grateful to WPI for the life skills we 
learned, and we want other students to have that same 
advantage," say the Heyls. "We have wonderful memories 
of WPI, and we have really benefited from the education 
we received. For us, supporting the Annual Fund is the 
riszht thine to do." 

i °),ih, 

If you would like to join Chris and Lisa Heyl and the many others who support WPI through the Annual Fund, 
please contact Theresa Lee, Director of Annual Giving, 1 -877- WPI-FUND. 

Starting Point 




The Meaning of (Real) Life 

The day I graduated from college was so hot you could have 
fried an egg on my mortarboard. After the ceremony I frantically 
sought my parents in the crowd. I needed reassurance — I was 
a helium balloon, suddenly aloft. But what about phone wires, 
airplanes, birds of prey? Was I really ready to fly? Thus, when 
I saw six members of WPI's Class of 2003 (see page 24) on 
graduation morning this past May, I recognized the mix of 
pride and dread in their eyes. 

I specifically remember dreading The Question: "So, 
what's next?" What impressive postgraduation plan did I have 
mapped out? How would I be using my magna cum laude 
degree to its fullest, most profitable potential? 

My friend and I had hatched a grand Kerouac plan: save 
up our summer job earnings, then drive cross-country and 
back, living out of a van. "Because, well, you know, not 
everything important is learned in the classroom," I would say 
in defense as the querist's gaze narrowed. "Then, after that, 
I figure, we'll be ready for 'real life.'" 

Real life. What is real life? For graduate Scott Martin it is 
spending the next four years serving his country in the U.S. 
Marines. For Andy Keefe, real life is a plum job with an energy 
company. For Katie Gardner, it's the start of a writing career 
with a multinational pharmaceutical firm. These new alumni 
have ready answers to The Question. I envied kids like that, 
with everything just so. (I'm sure my parents did, too.) 

Not every WPI graduate has a confident answer to 
The Question. Some of this year's grads have had tough times 
finding jobs, others have yet to decide on a particular direction. 
Those with a defined path impress us. Even for them, life — 
real life — is full of uncertainty and surprise. How does one 
prepare for that? 

Take Malia Aull. 
She signed up for the 
Peace Corps, hoping for 
an assignment in Asia. 
With the SARS outbreak 
and the Corps' offer of a 
post in Armenia, she shifted 
gears. A few weeks before 
graduation, she landed a 
teaching assistantship at 
WPI and will stay on at least 
one more year, pursuing her 
master's in environmental 
engineering. How did she 
handle the uncertainty? 

Aull told me, "Going to Puerto Rico for my interactive project 
gave me confidence in myself. I felt like I could handle any- 
thing after that." 

The other alumni you will meet in this issue share similar 
stories. They tell us their WPI education gave them confidence 
to change course, try new things, succeed in real life — where 
learning happens every day. 

The summer after I graduated I spent four months on 
the road, seeing America and some of Canada, too. Ready or 
not, real life was waiting for me when I returned. That trip 
transformed me from a small-town girl into a confident woman 
unafraid of the road less traveled. I was more prepared for what 
lay ahead — because, after all, not everything important is 
learned in the classroom. 

— Carol Cambo, Editor 

August 28 First Day of Classes. 


Sept. 5 Soccer Home Opener. Varsity women 
play Worcester State at 4 p.m. Call 508-831-5243 or 

Sept. 12 Football Home Opener. Varsity men 

play Worcester State at 7 p.m. Call 508-831-5243 or 

Sept. 17 Annual Career Fair. Companies recruit 
for full-time, summer and co-op positions. Harrington 
Auditorium; 1-5 p.m. Call 508-831-5260 or visit 

Oct. 10 Fly-In. Alumni and friends who fly gather 
at Worcester Airport and for special activities at WPI. 
Call 508-831-5600 
Alumni/calendar, html. 

Oct. 10-11 Homecoming Weekend. Cookouts, 
Homecoming parade, varsity soccer. On the gridiron, 
the Engineers take on Norwich. Note: the Classes 
of 1988, 1993, 1998 and 2003 have reunions 
this weekend. Call 508-831-5600 or visit 

Oct. 23 1 6th Annual WPI Invitational 
Mathematics Meet. Eighty-five teams from 
throughout New England compete for $100,000 
in team and individual scholarships. Call 
508-831-5241 ore-mail 

Malia Aull '03 returns to WPI this fall to pursue a master's degree in environmental 
engineering. To find out more about Malia, visit wunv.wpi.edid* Transfonnations. 


A Journal of People and Change 

B 3HM .3SBBK- — 


1 6 Rise of the Black Hawk 

Dave Jenney '53 helped spawn the Black Hawk 
helicopter, a machine that changed the face of 
American combat. By Amy Spielberg 

20 The View From Seven Sea Street 

Behind the scences with Nantucket innkeeper Matthew Parker '85, plus words 
of wisdom from other alumni B&B owners. By Joan Killough-Miller 

24 What's Next? 

The Class of 2003 has weathered war, terrorism and corporate scandals. 
Find out what the future holds for some of WPI's newest alumni. 
By Carol Cambo 

30 Fast Company 

Whether founding startups or zooming around on one of his many 
motorcycles, Shane Chalke '73 travels in the fast lane. By Ray Bert '93 

On the Cower: The second-floor elevator of Higgins 
Laboratories does not deliver its passengers onto a country 
road somewhere in Worcester County, but we think the 
juxtaposed images beg the question: What's next for the 
Class of 2003? To find out, see poge 24. 

4/5/6/8/9 Campus Buzz 

Management program wins accreditation; Access Grid 
goes online; alumni filmmakers; more news from WPI. 

7 A Few Words 

With William Elliott '73, operations director with 
the U.S. Agency for International Development, 
on rebuilding Iraq. 

10/11 Explorations 

Students at the Johnson Space Center bring a mission 
to Mars closer to blast-off. 

12/13 Inside WPI 

The Game Development Club's "MassBalance" video game 
delivers the state's budget crisis to the masses. 

1 4/1 5 Investigations 

Bioengineered skin and a mathematical approach to 
debugging computer code. 

32/33 Alumni Connections 

34 Class Notes 
48 Time Machine 

The Worcester Twister of 1 953 

On the Web 

The conversation doesn't end here. Be sure to check out the online edition of the Summer 2003 
Transformations, where you'll find extra features and links related to the stories in this issue. 
While you're online, send us your news, write a letter to the editor, or chat with fellow readers 
in the Transformations forum in the Alumni Cafe. 

Staff: Director of Communications: Mike Dorsey; Editor: Carol Cambo; Alumni News Editor: Joan Killough-Miller; 
Design Director: Michael J. Sherman; Design: re:design pascal; Production Manager: Bonnie McCrea; Production 
Maven: Peggy Isaacson; Department Icons: Art Guy Studios. 

Alumni Communications Committee: Robert C. Labonte '54, chairman; Kimberly A. (Lemoi) Bowers '90, 
James S. Demetry '58, William J. Firla Jr. '60, William R. Grogan '46, Amy L. (Plack) Marr '96, 
Roger N. Perry Jr. '45, Harlan B. Williams '50. 

Transformations (ISSN 1538-5094), formerly the WPI Journal, is published four times a year in February, 
May, August and November for the WPI Alumni Association by University Marketing. 
Printed in USA by Mercantile/Image Press. 

Diverse views presented in this magazine do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or official WPI policies. We welcome letters to the editor. Address correspondence to the Editor, 
Transformations, WPI, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 0)609-2280. Phone: 508-831-6037; fax: 508-831-5820; e-mail:; Web: 
Periodical postage paid at Worcester, Mass., and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: please send address changes to address above. Entire contents © 2003, Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 

The University of 
Science and Technology. 
And Life.. 

Cameras flashed and politicians held forth at the public launch of WPI's Bioengineering Institute in late April (the institute was 
inaugurated in July 2002). Sen. Edward M. Kennedy's inspiring address lauded the vision of BEI as a catalyst for economic 
growth by facilitating the conversion of research into new products and new companies in the region. Above, President Parrish is 
flanked by Kennedy and Congressman James P. McGovern, who has been instrumental in developing plans for Gateway Park, 
a 55-acre parcel close to campus. Its magnet tenant is BEI; there's also room for complementary businesses and retail shops. 

Summer Blockbuster 

What to do on summer vacation? Chad Pytel '02 and other 
members of WPI's sketch comedy troupe, KILROY, decided to make 
a feature-length film. One year later, Disc is ready for the big screen. 
The story is a classic 1980s sports send-up in which the main 
character, Traz, lands on the church ultimate Frisbee team with a 
group of kids who don't know a Frisbee from a pizza. "With a 
whole lot of luck and heart, as well as a little help from the man 
upstairs, this ragtag group of wacky characters must overcome 
all obstacles, including themselves," according to the movie's 
promotional blurb. 

Left: Goth Kid (Willie Conrad '02) is on unlikely hero in a video arcade confrontation 
between love-struck homeboy Traz and his nemesis, Winfield Augustine Peterson, the rich- 
kid captain of the Yacht Club team. Middle: Jim Coach (Tom Roy, WPI grad student), 
church janitor and coach of the Disc team, is confronted by his orch-nemesis Maximillion 
Westford (Ben Alrich '98], the coach of the evil Yacht Club learn. Right: Director (Calvin 
Swaim '02) prepares to shoot a rooftop scene as dusk falls on the WPI campus. 

A Transformations \ Summer 200 ; 

Disc plays in Boston and Worcester in August, and the production 
crew plans to submit the final cut to film festivals. "We learned 
something quite profound through this," says Pytel. "Producing 
movies and sketch comedies is what we would like to do for our 
careers." For now, the principals (Pytel, Calvin Swaim '02, Willie 
Conrad '02 and Jon Yurek '02) still have day jobs: they've 
formed an IT consulting firm, thoughtbot, offering Web design, 
software development, and technical support for small offices. 

"It became clear to me personally that sometimes the things you 
learn from college are not taught by your professors ...sometimes it is 
necessary to take the project or idea you have into your 
own hands," says Pytel. "The students that WPI draws are 
dynamic individuals waiting to explode. Given the right 
circumstances, it will happen." 

Disc by the Numbers: 

6 weeks spent writing script 

6 weeks spent filming (mostly weekends, weeknights) 
8 months of poslproduction work in crew's spare time 
30 hours of footage shot 

126 minutes of running time in final cut 

500 dollars spent on poslproduction 

1/000 dollars spent on production, raised mostly by 

performing handyman tosks for WPI faculty and staff 

3,000 dollars, projected cost to produce Disc, the DVD 

Operation: Super ACC 

It can connect professors in Worcester to students in Bangkok faster than a 
speeding bullet. It grants trustees the power to leap time zones in a single 
bound. It is more powerful than a locomotive. And it makes everything 
happen — no matter your longitude and latitude— in real time. It's WPI's new 
Fuller Access Grid, one of only six such access grids in New England; just 
1 58 exist worldwide. The array of large-format multimedia displays 
facilitates group-to-group interactions through Internet2. Initially, WPI's 
Access Grid will be used for seminars and community events, and to support 
WPI's global project centers. ., 

The ace 

The access grid and a new Network Operations command center inhabit 
the former Wedge dining area on the first floor of Daniels Hall. Generous 
gifts-in-kind and sponsorships to outfit the new facilities came from the 
George F. and Sybil H. Fuller Foundation, DelSignore Electrical Contractors, 
Integration Partners and Nortel Networks. 

Transformations \ Summer 2 003 

% .---V 7» ■■.. 



& I. 

,,i ^> <s 

It was a bittersweet moment. Faculty, staff, alumni and friends gathered outside of Atwater Kent in late April for a noontime ceremony to 
dedicate a memorial plaque to Denise Nicoletti, professor of electrical and computer engineering, who passed away last year as a result of a 
car accident. The Denise Nicoletti Trustees' Award for Service to the Community was established this year to remember her legacy as a role 
model and as a mentor, especially to young women exploring the world of engineering. The first recipient of the award is James P. O'Rourke, 
electrical engineer manager in the ECE Department, to honor his commitment to the enrichment of others. 

WPI Means Business 

WPI's Department of Management has been around for more than 
30 years. Now its bachelor's and master's degree programs in 
business have achieved accreditation from the Association to 
Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB). WPI joins an 
elite group — fewer than 21 percent of all business programs 
nationwide are accredited. In granting its seal of approval, the 
AACSB board cited WPI's identification of a unique mission 
^^^^^^ (management of technology) and an interdis- 

id project-based curriculum 
eludes capstone experiences. 

Bunny suits are tightly woven, lightweight, antistatic garments worn 
by workers in semiconductor fabrication — and it looks like WPI will 
need a batch of them. A $400,000 gift from the Lufkin Trust is 
funding a new MEMS lab in Atwater Kent. MEMS? Have you heard 
of micro devices that can travel the bloodstream to aid in medical 
diagnosis and treatment? That's MEMS. It stands for micro-electro- 
mechanical systems, which have become an essential pari of today's 
technologies, from air bag deployment sensors to bomb navigation 
systems. The gift will help WPI convert existing lab space into o 
clean room, purchase lab equipment, and fund a graduate 
fellowship for two years. 

6 I "r,i ii I fn r in ,1110 n I | S li m m cr 2003 

rnun # ■ am « pcr»gn ot priviieqe, living 

in a country of incredible resources. I feel an 
obligation, therefore, to work for. a .more Just 
and equitable world. / 

William S. Elliott 73 

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) 

Since 1961 USAID has helped dozens of 
countries rebuild after war or disaster, and 
has facilitated the expansion of democracy 
and free markets all over the world. Will 
Elliott joined USAID in 1983 after working 
overseas for General Electric. His assign- 
ments with USAID include Botswana, 
Jordan and South Africa. Now as chief of 
the Programs Operations Division in the 
Europe and Eurasia Bureau's Office of 
Operations and Management, Elliott is 
involved in strategic planning, and design 
and implementation of development pro- 
jects in 26 countties in Eastern Europe 
and the former Soviet Union. 

What hopes and values drive 
your work? 

I believe in the dignity and worth of every 
human being regardless of social status, 
ethnicity, race, color, gender, religion or 
worldview. As an American, I am a person 
of privilege, living in a country of incredible 
resources. I feel an obligation, therefore, to 
work for a more just and equitable world. 
I also believe that we need to encourage 
values that reduce resentment and promote 
reconciliation — values that transcend mate- 
rial self-interest and the bitter memories of 
past conflicts. Only in this way can people 
pass on to their children the possibility of 
growing up in a world more just than the 
one that they inherited. 

What are the top priorities for 
reconstructing countries, like Iraq, 
just emerging from military action? 

The Office of Transition Initiatives was 
specifically created within USAID in 1994 
to help us respond to postwar situations. 
There are many aspects to tebuilding in the 
wake of a military campaign. Each situation 
is different and there is no cookie-cutter 
approach that will work. Certainly ensuring 
that food is available is essential for any 
society. Also, stability and personal security. 
Where there has been a strong central gov- 
ernment, we seek to strengthen the civil 
society. Where there has been a weak central 
government, that needs to be strengthened. 

What makes rebuilding Iraq easier 
than rebuilding Afghanistan? 

Iraq is different because it has a large middle 
class that is educated, urbanized and sophis- 
ticated. Our task in Iraq is truly rebuilding, 
whereas Afghanistan is at an earlier stage of 
development. The similarities between Iraq 
and Eastern Europe are greater than those 
between Iraq and Afghanistan — the former 
are societies with heavily centralized eco- 
nomic and political systems that have been 
exploited for the purposes of the top 
leadership of the country. 

The Iraqi people were traumatized 
by Saddam Hussein's rule. How 
does the psychological health of 
a people factor into relief efforts? 

We learned much about emotional trauma 
in the Balkans. In Bosnia, USAID funded 
several efforts that dealt with the sevete 
trauma experienced by families — both 
refugees from other countries and internally 
displaced persons — through individual and 
group counseling sessions. Much of our 
work focused on women who suddenly 
found themselves as heads of households 
due to the death of husbands and fathers 
in the war, or whose spouses and/or fathers 
were still missing. To offer the counseling, 
we worked through private U.S. organiza- 
tions as well as local groups in Bosnia. 

The latest World Values Survey 
shows that most Muslims want a 
democratic government. Do ethnicity 
and faith pose specific challenges to 
establishing democracy? 
I have found the same type of challenges in 
all countries, regardless of the ethnic and 
faith traditions that prevail. For example, 
deep ethnic divisions in the Balkans led to 
war and are a very real impediment to 
development. Teaching children the values 
of tolerance is one hope for lasting change. 
With financial support from USAID, two 
U.S. organizations combined their expertise 
in conflict resolution and children's televi- 
sion programs. They established a local 
company in Macedonia to produce a televi- 
sion series aimed at increasing tolerance. 

The series involved children from five ethnic 
groups who worked together solving disputes 
in their neighborhoods through seeing life 
from the other groups' perspective. 

How did your WPI education 
prepare you for your work? 

I was one of the first 32 students to graduare 
under the WPI Plan. My education taught 
me life skills such as problem solving, 
resourcefulness and teamwork — all essential 
to international development work. I was 
in the second group of students to study 
abroad — three of us went to the City 
University of London for the fall semester 
in 1972. Professionally and personally, my 
experience in London formed the basis of 
my lifelong interest and involvement in 
international matters. My parents wisely 
sent me to a precollege study course at 
WPI, through which I met a classmate 
from Kuwait. We became good ftiends and 
through out years at WPI we vacationed 
together. He joined me for meals with rela- 
tives in Massachusetts; I visited his home 
in Kuwait in 1975. Thus began my attempt 
to understand the Arab and Islamic worlds, 
which continued during studies in London 
and beyond. — CC 

Web site: 

Transformations \ Summer 2003 7 


Jumping Higher, Teaching Bettei 

Sneakers come in a zillion styles 
and sizes. Every student owns 
a pair, thus they can relate to 
those rubber-leather-canvas 
contraptions laced to their feet. 
"So why not build a science 
and engineering unit for kids 
around sneakers? It will matter 
to them," says Martha Cyr, 
WPI's director of K-l 2 Outreach. 
"Let's have them study sneaker 
materials and friction and 
volume— even their cultural 
significance. We'll have them 
build their own composite 
sneakers designed for specific 
functions, like jumping higher 
or riding skateboards." 

It's this type of innovative, 
engaging science and math 
curricula that is at the heart of 
Cyr's work; finding ways to 
reach young people who may 
never have considered studying 
the sciences. "WPI already has 
a number of programs devoted 

to this," she says. "It's part of 
my mission to see how those 
programs can better interact 
and support each other, and 
to develop new ones where 
we fall short." 

What better place 

to start than in our 

own backyard. 

Cyr will begin by 

communicating with 

Worcester schools 

about WPI as both 

a destination for 


seniors and a 

resource for teachers 

and younger 

students. With two 

science-minded children at home, 

a teenage daughter and a 1 2- 

year-old son in nearby Charlton, 

she has a veritable live-in focus 

group to assess what will fly 

with the schoolyard set. 

This K-l 2 Outreach position is 
new, funded for three years by 
a generous gift from Edna and 
Douglas Noiles '44. (Doug is 
co-founder of Joint Medical 
Products Corporation in 

Stamford, Conn., and holds 
numerous patents for surgical 
devices and orthopedic 
implants.) "We want to increase 
opportunities for children to feel 
the excitement of learning and 
ideas, especially the funda- 

mentals from which math, 
science and engineering grow," 
said Noiles of the gift. 

Martha Cyr comes to WPI 
after holding a similar position 
at Tufts University in 
Medford, and has 
brought some of her 
grant-funded projects 
with her, including work 
developing the National 
Science Digital Library— 
a Web-based curriculum 
resource for science and 
math educators. She 
earned her master's 
degree at WPI and, 
in 1997, a Ph.D. in 
mechanical engineering. 
She met her husband (Phil Cyr, 
BSME '86, MBA '02) while a 
graduate student. Of her new 
post on campus, she says, 
"I feel like I've come home." 

Marshall Named Chairman 

In April, WPI's Board of Trustees elected F. William Marshall Jr. 
as its 18th chairman. A banking industry leader, Marshall has 
been a trustee since 1986. 

"Bill is the perfect choice to lead WPI during these challenging 
times," says university president Edward Alton Parrish. "He has 

chaired the investment committee with great success 
for over a decade, and has an impressive track 
record of running successful organizations." 

Marshall retired as president and CEO of SIS 
Bancorp Inc., capping a 35-year career in com- 
mercial banking in New England. He is active on 
several corporate and nonprofit boards, including 
serving as director of the Oppenheimer Funds Inc., 
Mass Mutual Institutions Funds, MML Series 
Investment Funds and Springboard Technology Inc. 

Gold(water) Standard 

Ravi Srinivasan '04 of Worcester and Ann C. Skulas '05 

of Vine Grove, Ky., were named Goldwater Scholars for 2003. 
The award, named for former U.S. Sen. Barry M. Goldwater, was 
designed to foster and encourage outstanding students pursuing 
careers in the fields of mathematics, natural sciences and engi- 
neering; it's valued at up to $7,500 
for each recipient. Srinivasan, a double 
major in math and physics, aims to 
become a professor at a major research 
university and to study the earth's 
ocean-atmosphere system; Skulas is 
a chemistry major pursuing research 
in nanotechnology. Three hundred 
Goldwater Scholars are selected annu- 
ally on the basis of academic merit from 
a field of nearly 1,100 students. 

8 Transformation! \ Summer 2003 

Top Math Teacher P. Brady Townsend, left, with Principal Thomas Pandisao and nominating student Julie Anderson 

They rank crime statistics, 
measure gas-pump nozzle 
efficiency, and calculate the 
net contribution of good-driver 
discounts to an insurance 
company's bottom line. They 
aren't ace analysts and 
accountants — at least not yet. 
They are the students of 
P. Brady Townsend '95, 
math teacher at Wachusett 
Regional High School in Holden. 

"As a teacher, he finally answers 
the question, 'Why would we 
ever need to know this?'" wrote 
senior Julie Anderson in her win- 
ning nomination of Townsend for 
WPI's inaugural Technological 
Humanist Award. The annual 
award honors outstanding high 
school teachers in the Bay State 
who embrace the philosophy of 
technological humanism — how 
science and technology can 
address important social issues. 

By the time they're seniors, 

members of the Class of 2010 

will be able to graduate with a 

degree in aerospace studies. 

Students have been studying about 

space and flight at WPI since the late 

1 920s, first under the "Aero Option" 

and currently in the aerospace program, 

a concentration within the Mechanical 

Engineering Department. With the addition of 

a program director, a new faculty member, and 

a handful of additional courses, expectations 

are that the program's review in 2006 will result 

in full accreditation. With the new major, WPI 

becomes one of just 61 universities, including MIT, 

RPI and BU, that already have aerospace degree 

programs and who compete for students interested 

in aircraft, aircraft design, and space science and 

engineering. WPI's Air Force ROTC program will benefit 

as well since it will be easier for students to complete 

requirements on campus. 

Companies have actual 
problems they need solved, 
says Townsend. He converts 
real business questions into 
classroom math problems using 
current data; his students 
explore situations that have 
implications in the real world. 

Townsend accepted the first- 
place trophy and award of 
$5,000 during a ceremony 
May 1. The second- and third- 

Above left: 

Chemistry teacher Eileen Ratkiewicz, 
center, from the MacDuffie School in 
Springfield won the second-place 
Technological Humanist Award, which 
included a trophy and a monetary 
award of $2,500. Hilary Leithauser, 
left, who nominated her, and head of 
school Kathryn Gibson attended the 
awards dinner. 

Above right: 

David Steeves, left, who teaches 
physics at Chelmsford High School, 
received the third-place award, which 
included a trophy and $1,500. With 
him is Chelmsford High principal Allen 
Thomas. Steeves was nominated by 
Shamik Bhattacharyya. 

place finishers also took home 
monetary awards along with 
distinctive trophies to display in 
their schools. The teachers may 
use the funds to purchase 
equipment, pursue professional 
development or subsidize other 
activities that enhance education 
at their schools. 

Nominations for next year's 
award will be accepted 
beginning this fall. 

~ ^ A & 

. ■ ■ • • j& 

It is rocket science 


■•»«» :: 

•"uii : : . 

' Explorations 



Students h 

It has been almost 40 years since NASA launched 
its first successful flyby spacecraft to Mars and 28 
years since the first lander touched down on the 
red planet. Now, several WPI students have a 
hand in planning for a long-awaited phase of 
Mars exploration: missions to collect and return 
to earth samples of Martian soil and air. 

Carolyn Lachance '03 was one of a dozen 
students working at the Johnson Space Center 
in Houston this past winter. Her team's major 


1 O Transformation! | Sum me) 

project was to design the return leg of a 
Mars mission using solar electric propulsion. 
Lachance says that although ion engines are 
already used in many satellite systems, a 
return trip from Mars will require smaller 
solar arrays and greater engine efficiency. 
"We projected thar with continued techno- 
logical advances, we may be able to launch 
a Mars mission as early as 201 1," she says. 
"Since Earth and Mars come closest together 
approximately every two years, the spacecraft 
would bring back Martian rocks, soil and 
atmosphere in 2013." 

The samples could help to answer 
many questions, including the biggest one: 
Is there life on Mars? "A Martian meteorite 
discovered in Antarctica in 1984 contains 
possible evidence of microbial life having 
existed at some point," says Lindsay 
O'Donnell '05, whose interactive project 
at the Johnson Space Center involved public 
outreach and sample return missions. 

"Water may have been present and 
may still exist in the polar caps and in water 

by Professor Karen McNamara of the 
Chemical Engineering Department. She has 
since been hired by NASA and will serve as 
WPI's liaison in Texas — Durgin says that the 
Johnson Space Center is scheduled to 
become an official WPI project site next year. 

Lachance, O'Donnell and Dufresne 
all agree that the highlight of their project 
work in Houston was working alongside 
dedicated scientists — and touring the entire 
facility, including getting a look at moon 
rocks. "That's something very, very few 
people get to see," says Dufresne. Lachance 
admits it "was wonderful to be in a place we 
'space geeks' are in awe of, a place that has 
so much history." 

Students witnessed a dark page of 
space history unfold on February 1 when 
they awoke to news of the space shuttle 
Columbia disaster. They had been invited 
to watch the launch from mission control 
just 16 days earlier, sharing in the excite- 
ment of NASA scientists around them. 
Then, like the rest of the nation, they 

The Johnson Space Center is scheduled to 
become an official WPI project site next year. 

veins. But the question of life on Mars will 
probably not be answered until we have 
actual samples," says Andrew Dufresne '05, 
who also worked on the project. 

Ultimately, even samples may not pro- 
vide a definitive answer, but the students say 
there is value in the search itself. "Working 
to overcome obstacles leads to advances in 
technology," says O'Donnell, while Dufresne 
points out, "it's in our nature to continue 
to explore." 

Other projects involved sample return 
missions from Aitken Basin, the largest 
crater on the moon, and roborics. "All of 
the projects were well received by NASA," 
says William W Durgin, associate provost, 
who oversaw the work. "Our students 
fielded questions exceptionally well during 
their presentations." WPI has been sending 
students to Houston for five years to work 
on projects involving returning Mars sam- 
ples to earth. Initially they were advised 

watched the tragic accident play out on 
their television screens. 

The students had been asked to attend 
a reception with the Columbia astronauts 
the following day, but instead they were 
invited to the formal memorial service on 
February 4. 

"I think we all spent a few days won- 
dering why we were bothering to do this 
work when there was a national tragedy," 
Lachance says. "The mood was definitely 
subdued and it was a little bit harder to meet 
with our advisors at NASA. After all, the 
astronauts were their friends. It was sad." 

But the students say that the tragedy 
ultimately underscores the importance of 
space exploration. "We have always been 
explorers," says Dufresne. "It's something 
so very fundamental to who we are. No 
matter what obstacles we encounter, the 
work will go on." 

— Rachel Faugiw 

}|yn Lachance '03. Lindsay O'Donnell '05 and Andrew Dufresne '05 spent the winter term in Houston at the Johnson 
:e Center working on missions to Mars that will ultimately return to earth with samples of Martian soil and air. 

Transformations | Summer 2003 

1 1 

i\ Act 

Think you can bring the state budget into tine? 

Let the gaming begin. 

It's 9 p.m., and a meeting of the WPI 
Game Development Club is getting 
under way. A dozen students are 
seated in front of laptops around a 
square table in a Campus Center 
conference room. Power outlets are in 
short supply. Club co-founder Michael 
Gesner '04 sends an instant message 
to a member who is supposed to be 
present, extracting a promise to be there 
in 15 minutes. But not much work gets 
done until the Mountain Dew and pizza 
arrive at 9:30. 

"Tonight's meeting is focused on 
getting the beta out the door," explains 
Gesner. The beta he's referring to is a 
prerelease version of a game called 
"MassBalance" that the club is creating, 
in collaboration with the office of State 
Sen. Richard T. Moore. While many of 
the club's games revolve around 

l_ Central Costs 


Employee Benefits 
Debt Services 


Economic Development 

$316,700,000.00 | 

Business and Labor 


$118,800,000.00 I 
$197,900,000.00 j 

fantasy realms (sample title: "Warlords 
of the Armageddon"), the central task 
in "MassBalance" isn't slaying foes. 
The goal of the Web-based game is 
balancing the state budget. 

In two years of existence, the Game 
Development Club, led by Darius 
Kazemi '05, has designed several 
games for its members' own enjoyment, 
but "MassBalance" is its highest-profile 
project so far. The 60-member club was 
given less than two months to complete 
the game, from the initial "functional 
specifications" document to the 
rollout in May. 

Also, the club was dealing with 
an outside partner for the first time. 
"The senator's office has certain 
expectations," Gesner says. 
"They want us to combine fun with 
accuracy. We're working with real 
budget numbers, and presenting 
players with certain random events to 
show how those can affect the budget." 
Among the random events: a massive 
blizzard, the outbreak of a SARS-like 
epidemic, and rioting following a Red 
Sox victory in the World Series. 

The club landed the pro bono assign- 
ment to build "MassBalance" earlier 
this year, when Sen. Moore attended 
an annual breakfast of state legislators 
and representatives from Worcester- 
area colleges. WPI associate provost 
Lance Schachterle recalls, "Senator 
Moore mentioned that a computer game 

1 2 Transformation! \ Summer 2003 


Brought to yon by Worcester Polytechnic Institute's Game Development Club, Senator Richard T. Moore and the Massachusetts Senate 

Block Editor 

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$|,739.20O,000 |35,6 

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[ Transportation ] 

$|1 85.800 000 |0 86 

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$1,063,500,000 |9.5 

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Totals $| ' ■ 


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$ 1 34,800,000.00 

Child Care Services 




Dynamic Income 
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1*11.723.700.000 00 
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existed in some states to give citizens 
a sense of the trade-offs involved in 
balancing a budget. We said right away, 
'Gee, this is something our students 
could probably do.'" Schachterle 
made the initial connection between 
the Game Development Club and the 
senator's office. (Two students from 
Worcester's Massachusetts Academy 
of Mathematics and Science also were 
part of the "MassBalance" team.) 

"A lot of people think 

that legislators dealing 

with a difficult budget 

will somehow just find 

the money, or that 

we're looking for 

excuses to raise taxes," 

says Sen. Moore, 

a Republican whose 

district covers southern 

Worcester County. 

"We hope the game 

will help people understand what goes 

into producing a balanced budget, 

especially given a soft economy." 

The game invites players to explore 
the trade-offs involved in funding one 
set of programs versus another, like 
education or public health. (If you 

underfund the latter, though, the state 
could be ill-equipped to handle an 
epidemic like SARS.) "In creating this 
game, I think we all learned a huge 
amount about the state budget 
process," says Mark Smith '06, the 
lead programmer for "MassBalance." 
Players can also raise the sales tax, 
income tax or gas tax— but not without 
a corresponding impact. If the economy 
worsens, players are told that their 



decision to hike taxes took the brunt of 
the blame. 

As the game was being developed, its 
testers included Sen. Moore and his 
chief of staff, David Martin, along with 
Professor Schachterle. "I've been very 
impressed by the [club members]," 

says Sen. Moore. "I've been reviewing 
the game with them to make sure it's 
real and accurate, but not too detailed. 
We wanted to help people understand 
the choices involved in balancing a 
budget, without boring them." 

After completing work on "MassBalance," 
which was released in May, Gesner 
and his fellow club members moved on 
to other projects, including a game for 
the Admissions Office 
simulating the life 
of a WPI student. 

But the possibility 
also looms for 
Version 2.0. "Since 
we know the eco- 
nomic problems will 
be with us for a 
couple years," says 
Moore, "we might 

see if the students are interested in 

developing the game further." 

Scoff Kirsner is the technology columnist 
for The Boston Globe and a contributing 
editor to Fast Company magazine. 


Transformations \ Summer 2003 1 3 



Pins and graduate student Brett Downing '02 
retrieve cryopreserved skin cells in preparation for 
an experiment (above). He and his students use 
dermal equivalents with microfabricated membranes 
(below, left and center} to study the performance of 
skin equivalents (below, right). 

Skin Substitutes Hold Promise 
for Burn Victims and Diabetics 

Each year more than 45,000 Americans suffer burns serious enough to require a hospital stay, 
according to the American Burn Association. A headline-grabbing nightclub fire in Rhode 
Island this year claimed the lives of 100 victims and severely burned nearly 200 others. As 
hospitals filled with the injured, doctors used a variety of artificial skin products 
to cover burns too deep and extensive to close with razor-thin slices of their 
patients' healthy skin or with cadaver grafts. 

While skin substitutes protect against infection and promote healing, they 
offer only a temporary solution. George Pins, assistant professor of biomedical 
engineering at WPI, is working to develop bioengineered skin that would heal 
and function permanently, like the real thing. His research could spare burn 
victims the multiple, painful skin graft surgeries that follow when the body's 
largest organ is seriously injured. 

"I'm interested in understanding how the biomaterials we use can be configured 

/to get the best performance in wound healing and tissue regeneration," Pins says. 
"My philosophy is that the more biomaterials mimic Mother Nature, the better 
they will work. Can we use engineering technology to copy what the body does?" 

Researchers have been trying to answer that question since skin substitutes 
were first developed in the early 1970s. Today Pins and his students study the 
nature and function of skin, trying to determine how the bioengineered scaffolds, 
or tissue-like constructs they create, interact with the body to mimic skin's 
cellular functions. 

Understanding how wound healing and tissue regeneration are regulated by 
the interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix material that surrounds 
them is vital to improving the design of tissue-engineered skin substitutes for the 
repair of soft- and hard-tissue injuries. Pins' research includes studying the roles 
microfabricated scaffolds play in protein-based cell function for tissue engineering 
of skin and the development of tissue scaffolds that mimic the microstructure and mechan- 
ical properties of real skin. He also looks at the development of microfabricated cell and 
tissue culture systems to understand how they regulate the growth and differentiation of 
the various epithelial layets of skin, which normally regenerate in tour weeks. 

The ideal artificial skin product would come ready-to-use in pouches, available off-the- 
shelf, Pins says. Surgeons would simply tear open the pouches and apply the contents as a 
permanent cover for serious burns and open wounds. To that end. Pins wants to increase his 
understanding of wound healing and tissue regeneration. In addition to helping burn victims 
heal in a one-step process, his research offers the same great promise for the 600,000 dia- 
betics per year facing amputations because of foot ulcers or other injuries that will not Ileal. 

— Elizabeth Walker 

more biomaterials mimic 

"My philosophy is that the 
Mother Nature, the better they will work." 

14 Transformations \ Summer 2003 

Getting the Bugs Out: 

A Smarter Way to Test Software 

On June 30, 1956, two planes collided over the Grand Canyon, killing 128 people. It was 
the worst civil air accident in America to date and it led to the creation of the Federal 
Aviation Administration. Airborne collisions are rare today because of the Traffic Alert and 
Collision Avoidance System (TCAS), hatdware and software that act as electronic eyes to 
help pilots visualize air traffic nearby. 

Like all software systems, TCAS is constantly being improved, and each new version 
must be tested. Software companies spend millions of dollars to develop theit core applica- 
tions — from collision avoidance systems to telephone communication services — before 
bringing them to market. Part of this money pays for testing to debug code. 

Despite the costly testing, some features still won't work righr in the real world. For 
example, air-collision detection software mighr be designed to sound an alarm when another 
plane approaches to within 1 ,000 feet. Testing might miss a particulat case in which the soft- 
ware fails. Such bugs need to be eliminated before the software can be released. Yet how can 
a programmer be sure that the code is error-free, especially when lives hang in the balance? 

Kathi Fisler, assistant professor of computer science, along with a research colleague 
at Btown University, is working to guarantee that ctitical software systems are free of such 
behavioral errors. They are developing computer-aided verification techniques that will 
complement current testing procedures and help programmers locate mote design errors 
in the early stages of development. 

The complexity of today's computing systems makes thorough testing almost impos- 
sible. "The number of possible test cases is vastly larger than the numbet of atoms in the 
universe. It's literally impossible to run them all in a human lifetime," says Fisler. "And, 
unfortunately, a successful test indicates only that no major bugs were uncovered. It doesn't 
mean that the design is etror-free." 

The sheer size and complexity of modern systems pose the biggest obstacle to verifica- 
tion. To be feasible, a verification tool ideally should analyze only the fraction of code that 
pertains to a given requirement. Unforrunately, such code is typically scattered throughout 
an application, making it difficult to isolate. 

The solution to this problem, Fisler believes, ultimately lies in creating different soft- 
ware architectures. Research has shown that feature-oriented software simplifies other key 
engineering problems, such as system evolution and maintenance; it also helps create families 
of related products that share similar sets of features, like telephony systems with different 
combinations of features, such as call waiting and callet ID. 

Fisler is developing techniques that utilize feature orientation — both to make verifica- 
tion easier and to amortize high testing costs across designs in the same product line. 
"Society's reliance on software infrastructure makes its reliability increasingly important," 
she says. In othet words, she who gets the most bugs out, wins — and makes life run more 
smoothly for all of us in the process. — CC 

Programmers write large programs as a series of 
smaller modules and create whole programs by 
combining modules. In Fig. 1, the circles represent 
different steps in the program. The shaded boxes 
represent modules, the X's denote combining them 
into a program. Assume this is an e-mail system 
ond the red circles represent the code for the e-mail 
forwarding feature. "A verification tool must isolate 
the red circles to efficiently check the feature. The 
challenges are identifying the red circles, then 
verifying them alone while determining how their 
behavior affects the behavior of the whole pro- 
gram," says Kathi Fisler. "If programmers create 
modules around individual features to begin with 
[as in Fig. 2], isolating the red circles becomes 
easier. We simply capture and then exploit the 
programmers's knowledge of which code 
implements which feature." 

"The number of possible test cases is vastly larger than the number of atoms 
in the universe. It's literally impossible to run them all in a human lifetime." 



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Fig. 2. 

Transformations j Summer 2 03 1 5 

The Rise 



By Amy Spielberg 

Dave Jenney '53 helped create 

a helicopter that changed the 

face of American combat 


If David Jenney didn't exist, he would be fun to 
invent: A brilliant mechanical engineer who admittedly 
isn't much good under the hood of a car; a distinguished 
gentleman who knows the sweat and pain of long-distance 

He can discourse on the dissymmetry of local flow 
velocity across helicopter rotor blades, yet his most recent 
engineering feat is a squirrel baffle for the birdfeeder. His 
invention looks uncannily like a one-gallon milk jug with 
the handle cut off. You can see it from the breakfast nook 
in the warm and tidy home that Jenney and his wife, 
Janet, share in his hometown of Mattapoisett, Mass. 

He is a champion sailor who enjoys the sun and 
bracing salt air while considering the mathematics of 
variable forces at work on the vertical planes of sail and 
keel. It's not that he can't relax; it's just that he can't stop 
himself from seeing the possibilities in the world around 
him -and most of all, the possibilities in himself. 


s \KotsKV aV £«* 5 

Imagining the future 
of rotary flight 

In the 100 years since the 
Wright brothers flew at Kitty 
Hawk, the men and women who build aircraft 
have tried to go faster. Engineers and test pilots continue to 
push the envelope of airframe and engine design, along with 
the limits of human endurance. 

In designing helicopters, engineers face a unique speed 
barrier: whereas a fixed-wing aircraft will stall when it goes too 
slow for its wings to provide lift, a helicopter will stall when it 
goes too fast, but for the same reason — its rotary wings can't 
provide sufficient lift. In a dry bit of understatement typical 
of his personality, Jenney puts it this way: "Blade stall is to 
be avoided — not analyzed." 

The weight and performance capabilities of early helicop- 
ters were modest "to say the least," says Jenney, who spent 40 
years in the business. "They were slow and vibrated so as to 
shake your fillings loose." Still, helicopters were doing things 
that no other machines could do, and Jenney found himself 
at the forefront of dramatic advances in helicopter design. 

To put his lengthy career in perspective, consider this 
sentence from Jenney 's 1996 lecture to the American Helicopter 
Society, speaking of the early days of helicopter design: "A 
favored text [proposed] a numerical solution of the equations of 
motion of an offset flapping blade, but it required a computer 
to solve those equations." But it required a computer. 

The Slide Rule Age 

When Dave Jenney and his team of engineers began crafting the 
evolution of the helicopter in the early 1950s, the sole computer 
at United Aircraft Research Labs 
(forerunner of Sikorsky) was a 
brand new IBM-701. It filled a 
large air-conditioned room. 

While waiting for technology 
to catch up, Jenney and his fellow 
engineers wielded slide rules with 
the speed and single-minded devo- 
tion of samurais. There were no 



iign -speed workstations on every 
desk, no CAD/CAM, no virtual 

Dave Jenney keeps a model of the 
Comonche in his study. Beginning this 
year, more lhan 1,000 of them will be 
built for Ihe U.S. Army 

In I V/U, when the U.S. Army called tor a new transport helicopter with a 
third engine to be built on an existing two-engine platform, Jenney's team of 
engineers at Sikorsky answered with the Black Hawk. It featured new airfoils 
and blade shapes, vibration absorbers, and most revolutionary of all, a canted 
tail rotor that kept the aircraft in balance while allowing room for a third 
engine. Today the UH-60A Black Hawk is the Army's primary utility/assault 
helicopter, used for air cavalry, electronic warfare and medical evacuation. 
In assault operations, it can move a squad of 1 1 combat troops and equipment, 
or carry the 105-mm M102 howitzer, 30 rounds of ammo and a six-man crew. 
Since 1973, Sikorsky has built more than 2,000 UH-60s for government use. 

The mechanics of helicopter flight are so complex, the 
variables so great, that the details required to adequately model 
the wake and the blades remain a challenge even for today's 
fastest computers. "Prediction of loads, vibrations and noise 
still requires some degree of empiricism," says Jenney. 

The advent of early computers, as large and sluggish as 
they were, together with routine testing in the 100-mph wind 
tunnel at the research labs, helped designs advance quickly. 
While computer-aided design was just emerging, the usefulness 
of the helicopter was being demonstrated in dramatic fashion 
over the battlefields of Korea. It was, says Jenney, "a great time 
for an engineer to enter the helicopter field." 

Over rhe course of his career, Jenney consistendy delivered 
innovative concepts for rotary-wing aircraft, including new airfoils, 
blade shapes and vibration absorbers. He also bridged the gap 
between theory and practice by developing analytical methods and 
demonstrating steady improvement through experimentation. 

Among the significant achievements of the Jenney-led 
design teams at Sikorsky are early vertical takeoff and landing 
aircraft and the Rotor Systems Research Aircraft, described by 
Jenney as a "complex flying rotor laboratory," created for NASA. 

"He was an engineer's engineer," says Art Linden, a 
longtime colleague. "He always stayed close to the technical 
arguments, and if he wasn't winning his point, he would draw 
back, put his argument together, and come back at it again." 
(Linden retired in 2000 as vice president of Sikorsky's program.) 

Off-vertical thinking 

The design concept that Jenney is most known for is the 
canted tail rotor. Now it's a familiar sight on the world's most 
advanced helicopters, including the famous Black Hawk. The 
tilted tail was an innovative solution to 
a practical problem; the U.S. Marine 
Corps wanted to increase the lift capaci- 
ty of the Sikorsky model CH-^3, but 
couldn't afford a new aircraft design 
program. Adding a third engine mean! 
using larger main and tail rotors, but 
moving the tail rotor 6 feel aft threw 
the aircraft out OI balance. 

lentKvs solution (he credits his 
design team, though everyone else 
credits fenney) was to cant, ot till, 
the tail rotor 20 degrees <>ll vertical, 
producing enough lili CO balance the 

Velocity Contours in Knots 
Parallel to Ground at 4 Foot 

aircraft — now with a third engine — without having to extend 
the nose. Pilots frowned at the idea and salesmen resisted some- 
thing that looked so odd, but there simply was no denying the 
results it delivered. 

Twenty years later, the U.S. Army Black Hawk that Dave 
Jenney helped create is a reliable veteran. In various configurations 
(U.S. Air Force Pave Hawk, U.S. Navy Sea Hawk, U.S. Coast 
Guard Jay Hawk) it is used for air assault, air cavalry, electronic 
warfare, search and rescue, medical evacuations, disaster relief — 
even executive transportation. With ballis- 
tically hardened flight controls, redundant 
electrical and hydraulic systems, a self-sealing 
crash resistant fuel system, and energy- 
absorbing landing gear and crew seats, the 
Hawk has proven to be reliable, durable and 
survivable in the toughest condition. 

At the time he retired, Jenney was still 
breaking boundaries as engineering director 
of the Comanche program, a joint venture 
of Sikorsky and Boeing. With stealth techno- 
logy, fly-by-wire controls and a composite 
fuselage, the Comanche helicopter will carry 
rotary aircraft design — and Dave Jenney's 
legacy — well into the 21st century. 

Jenney's other love is sailing; he is 
restoring his boat, the JANCAP. 

True Grit 

Jenney's mild demeanor belies his undeniable 
grit. He presents himself like a cerebral academic: 
quiet, gracious, refined and unfailingly polite. It is counter- 
intuitive to learn that he has completed 19 marathons. 

Most people would consider completing even one 
marathon to be a lofty goal and noteworthy achievement. 
Jenney has pushed and punished his wiry frame through 19, 
including six Boston Marathons, with a personal best of two 
hours and 53 minutes. 

"I wanted to know if I could do it," he says, matter-of-factly. 
"I wanted to know if I could overcome the mental as well as the 
physical barriers, when every step hurts, but you've got to per- 
suade yourself to keep going." Regardless of the obstacles, Jenney 
has a blend of tunnel vision and tenacity that allows him to reach 
his goals, to take disappointment and setbacks in stride, to just 
keep going. At 72, he still logs 25 miles a week in his running 
shoes. "I'm not speedy," he says, "but I'm persistent." 

Persistent indeed. In 1953, fresh out of WPI (where he 
studied on full scholarship), Jenney joined the newly formed 
helicopter research group at United Aircraft Research Labs, 
which would become United Technologies Corporation, parent 
company to Sikorsky Aircraft. He attended the University of 
Connecticut nights to collect his MSME. Then, still working 
full time, he started out in pursuit of his doctorate in mechani- 
cal engineering — a pursuit that would become an academic 
marathon. Jenney sat for his qualifying exam the day after he 
started wotk at Sikorsky, and he was sent back 
to the drawing board, his thesis being deemed 

For sheer outrageousness it is hatd to beat 
Jenney's doctoral thesis. He proposed a rotor 
with blades thin enough to roll up like window 
shades. The rotor of Jenney's "convertiplane" 
could be put away at high speed when a wing 
would assume the work of lift. 

True to form (call it persistent, tenacious, 
focused — crazy also comes to mind), Jenney 
stayed in the race, working the problems in his 
thesis at night and on weekends, while leading 
the way in helicopter research and design by day. 
He succeeded in building a working model. 
"The high point of my thesis defense — to me, 
at least," says Jenney, "was starting up that model 
and watching it rise from the conference table." 
Dave Jenney completed his Ph.D. in 1968, about the 
time his design team was creating the S-67, a concept machine 
that would set the helicopter speed record of 221 mph. It took 
him 10 years to complete his doctorate. It took his design team 
one year to go from concept to speed record. The S-67 never 
sold. No matter, says Jenney. "We're always learning things 
along the way." 

Ever the aerodynamicist, even in retirement, Jenney says 
the most productive direction that the helicopter industry can 
take is to dramatically reduce cost and improve affordability. 
Reduced costs won't result from innovations in accounting, he 
counsels, but in improving aerodynamic efficiency and fabrica- 
tion methods. In the WPI tradition, engineers need to look on 
this next step as an integral part of their job. Dave Jenney likes 
to imagine the market potential of the helicopter industry if 
costs were reduced by 50 percent. "That would be a man-on- 
the-moon type accomplishment," he says, as he laces up his 
running shoes. D 

Transformations | Summer 2003 1 9 

Innkeeping has its moments, and Matt Parker '89 has seen his share. 

By Joan Killough-Miller 

Photography by Terry Pommet 

In the lull of a Monday afternoon in early April, 
with tourist season only weeks away, Nantucket is hit with a 
snow storm. As sleet blankets the slender green shoots that 
herald the island's annual Daffodil Festival, Matthew Parker is 
unperturbed. "Daffodils are very hardy," he says reassuringly. 
In his 16 years as proprietor of the Seven Sea Street Inn, Parker 
has steered the family enterprise through just about everything 
nature can dish out — including the so-called perfect storm — 
and has faced the best and worst of human nature, as well. 

The life of an innkeeper is the subject of envy by those 
who confuse the carefree ambiance enjoyed by guests with the 
challenging career of managing such a haven. Part of the job 
is to preserve that illusion. Parker, soft-spoken and genial in 
wire-rimmed spectacles and a woolen vest, appears 
as if he has nothing mote pressing on 
his mind than a sunny day at the 
beach, or where you, his guest, 
might like to dine this 
evening. It's your vacation, 
after all, and it's his 
responsibility to make it 
stress-free and special. 

"Innkeeping is a 
lot of hard work, and a 
lot of hours," he admits. 
Yet it's clear he wouldn't 
have it any other way. "A 
dream come true" is how Matt 
describes the opportunity to partner 
with his father, Ken Parker '61, in launch- 
ing Seven Sea Street. Ken owned the nearby 
Tuckernuck Inn until he sold it in 2001. (He retired from full- 
time innkeeping, but has since helped his daughter, Monica, 
open four bed-and-breakfasts in Providence, R.I.) 

It took seven years of round-the-clock, seven-days-a-week, 
live-in innkeeping before Matt and his wife, Mary, achieved 
their goal of hiring a resident manager and moving into a home 

of their own to start a family. They now work alternate days at 
the inn and share the job of raising three young sons. During 
the month of January, when Nantucket is cold and gray and 
empty, they escape for a family vacation to Naples, Fla. "These 
days, we're able to come in to work on Monday and go home 
for the weekend on Friday, like regular people," Matt rejoices. 
But he cautions aspiring innkeepers to think carefully about 
what it takes to get established in a high-stakes business, where 
sacrifices and hard work come before glamour. 

"We must have made thousands of blueberry muffins," 
Parker says of the early years, when the young couple would rise 
at 6:30 a.m. to ptepare breakfast and remain on call all night 
for locked-out guests and false fire alarms. "We had to do all 

the housekeeping ourselves, we had to clean those 
toilets ourselves. When a husband and 
»^^^__. wife are in a business partnership, 

as well as a marriage partnership, 
and they're living in the midst 
of that, the strain on the 
marriage can be enormous. 
For many people, it's a 
recipe for disaster." For 
the Parkers, maintaining 
balance berween work 
and home became their 
mantra, even more so once 
they had children. 
Even with a manager doing 
the baking, either Matt or Mary will 
be on hand for breakfast to "pour coffee, 
catalyze conversation, and let people know that they're 
catered to and taken care of." Guests who arrived frazzled by the 
long trip have been transformed by a tranquil night on a premi- 
um mattress. It's the innkeeper's skill to sense who wants to 
chat, who needs help setting up plans for the day, and who — 
honeymooners, in particular — cherishes privacy. (The inn will 
serve breakfast in bed on request.) 

Transformations \ Summer 2003 21 

Beds, Breakfast and Business Acumen 

Today's bed-and-breakfast traveler seeks country charm but 
demands modern amenities. A 1989 article in The New York 
Times featured Seven Sea Street Inn as an example of the evolu- 
tion of B&B accommodations from a spare room at Grandma's 
farm to luxury resort destinations. Seven Sea Street offers in- 
room refrigerators and TV/VCRs, high-speed Internet access, 
and a Jacuzzi spa, all artfully couched in Early American 
Nantucket style, with ample hand-stitched quilts and oaken 
cabinetry. A ginger cat roams the premises, ready to cozy up 
with guests who leave their doors ajar. 

Today's innkeeper needs to be an adept Webmaster and a 
savvy marketer. After the guests head off to the beach, Parker 

runs housekeeping and check-in reports on his iMac. "Hope- 
fully, through it all, the phone is ringing," he says. "That's the 
name of the game here." When prospects call, nine out of 10 
have visited the inn's Web site, checked rates and availability, 
and taken the virtual tour. "You've already got a highly qualified 
caller," Parker points out. "Which is great — it's easier for me 
than trying to create a visual picture with words." His advertis- 
ing budget has shifted from print media to "pay per click" 
placements on search engines such as Google and Overture. 
Specialized property management software lets him react swiftly 
to market shifts by uploading room discounts to global distribu- 
tion systems, such as and "From a 
management point of view, you have so much more control over 
your seasons and your inventory," he says. "The small inn has 
never been able to do that before. It levels the playing field for 
us, and it's great for the consumer, too." 

For all the technology, innkeeping is still a people business, 
and sometimes other people's business can get sticky. One of 
Parker's most difficult moments came when a wife called, after 
seeing the credit card charges, to ask who had accompanied 
her husband at the inn. Another couple, who had enjoyed 
many wedding anniversaries at Seven Sea Street, couldn't give 
up the tradition after they had broken up. The woman booked 
a visit with her new boyfriend, and the man showed up the 
same weekend. There are sweet memories, too. Once, when a 
distraught newlywed had lost his wedding ring at the beach, 
Parker dispatched a retired friend with a metal detector. "It 
wasn't a happy ending, in the sense that he never did find the 
ring," he says. But this couple appreciated the extra effort so 
much that they've been coming back for 
anniversaries ever since. 

Nantucket can be a harsh environment, 
and there are some things that modem innova- 
tions can't change. Rainy weather can breed 
dissatisfied guests ("You can go to the museums 
and art galleries only so many times," Parker 
says sympathetically). The island's isolation, so 
prized by visitors and residents, can be a night- 
mare when the inn's water heater bursts on 
Labor Day weekend. When violent weather hits 
(such as the late-October "perfect storm" that 
sank the Andrea Gail in 1991), there's nothing 
to do but hunker down for three days and feed 
your anxious guests cornflakes and granola — for 
breakfast, lunch and dinner. "Sea Stteet was a 
river," Parker recalls. "We laugh about it now, 
but the waters were within inches of the door." 

Matt Parker says he sometimes toys with 
the idea of buying another inn, but "luckily, 
my wife makes me think twice about that." For 
now, his fantasy is to retire and have time to sit up in his inn's 
cozy libtary and read the leather-bound classics there — without 
anyone interrupting to ask for restaurant recommendations. 
He admits that back in the old days of live-in innkeeping, there 
were times he felt like hiding from the guests. Now, with a 
normal workday and a private family life, he watches departing 
guests begrudgingly head back to the daily grind and he knows 
he's lucky — he's always happy to go in to work on Monday. D 

Think yon have what it takes he an innkeeper? Visit 
unvw.tvpi.edtt/-* Transformations and take the Aspiring 
Innkeepers quiz from the Professional Association of 
Innkeepers International. You'll also find signature recipes 
from all of the alumni-owned B&Bs featured on our pages. 

22 Transformations \ Summer 2003 

Common Ground: 

Bed & Breakfasts owned and operated by WPI alumni 

Victorian Retreat 

Dorothy and Richard Davis '6 1 
The Pedigrift House 

Special features: Fresh flowers on arrival; evening snack of fruit cobbler a la mode. 

Worst moment: Collapsing bed slats in the middle of the night. 

Lessons learned: You must have a sense of humor. Guests easily pick up any lack 
of enthusiasm for the job. 

Words of wisdom: Pace yourself. Do the things that you enjoy and hire others to 
do what you don't like to do. I do the books and the promotion, a throwback to my 
marketing days in Silicon Valley. Dorothy enjoys cooking and gardening. 

If you go: 407 Scenic Dr., Ashland, OR 97520 
800-262-4073, fax 541-482-1888; 

Green Mountain Getaway 

Betsy and Jon Anderson '75 
Betsy's Bed & Breakfast 

Special features: Exercise room with weight machine, treadmill and stationary bike; 
multicultural breakfasts featuring traditional New England fare (I'm from Vermont) 
or Betsy's "southern comfort food," including Tex-Mex migas, fried green tomatoes 
and grits. 

Worst moment: A predawn chimney fire. Betsy gave full refunds to all guests, over 
my ptotests that they had gotten a partial night's sleep. [Jon's a lawyer, after all!] 

Lessons learned: Betsy believes being a little introverted is a good thing. 

Words of v^isdom: We learned a whole host of things we needed to know by fol- 
lowing the project approach I learned at WPI. The B&B has been our best 
investment yet. 

If you go: 74 East State St., Montpelier, VT 05602 

Captain Slocomb Slept Here 

Judy and Bob Maynard '63 
The Captain Slocomb House 

Special features: Pool and patio, croquet, and four acres to explore 
with our golf cart or on foot. 

Worst moment: Had to call 911 for a guest who came in from a walk and 
was having an allergic reaction to tree pollen. When the police arrived, they 
asked if it was something he had eaten! 

Lessons learned: Early on, guests asked for breakfast at 10 a.m. and were still 
at the table at one o'clock in the afternoon. We now serve from 7:30 to 9 a.m. 

Words of wisdom: If you like people and don't mind hard 
work, try it. 

If you go: 6 South St., Grafton, MA 01519 




Transformat i o n s \ Summer 2 003 23 


The Class of 2003 grew up fast in the face of a sour economy, domestic terrorism and war. 
What does the future hold for WPI's newest alumni? 

Graduation must be near. See the way the seniors 
walk? It's not a strut; too arrogant. No, they saunter — but with 
more bounce — as they cross the quad on their way to final classes. 
It's a hopeful walk, a confident walk. A walk of conviction. 

The Class of 2003 is optimistic, in spite of things. Resilience 
has been its trademark. Case in point: by March, the class was 
on track to topple the senior class gift record. By May, it had 
raised more than $13,300, with a record-setting participation 
rate of 37 percent, besting the school record by a full 10 percent- 
age points. Even as some were unsure what life after graduation 
held for them, WPI's newest alumni generously gave back to their 
alma mater, and gave hope to the students who would follow. 

"We had to grow up fast," says Janelle Smith '03. "When 
we came here as freshmen we were told engineering was 'it' — 
we'd be making gobs of money, we'd have a ticket to anywhere. 
Then September 1 1 happened. Next it was the Enron and 
WorldCom scandals. And then war in Iraq. It's been sobering." 

The numbers tell the story. Results of a 2002 nationwide 
survey by NACE, the National Association of Colleges and 
Employers, held that among 1,500 employers, hiring expecta- 
tions fell 36 percent from 2001 . This year, the same pool 
expects hiring to remain flat. As a result of the flagging job 
market, more grads are deciding to stay in school. Last year, 
WPI saw a 10 percent increase in students pursuing advanced 

degrees. While it's no time to be picky, according to NACE this 
year's graduates, perhaps jaded by the corporate excesses they've 
seen, are more discriminating than ever, citing an organization's 
integrity as the most important criteria for choosing an employ- 
er; business ethics rank a close second. (In contrast, last year's 
grads rated integrity seventh; ethical business practices barely 
registered at ninth.) 

Grads without hot prospects have had to stay flexible. 
Katie Gardner 03 didn't interview for a single job until April. 
Her only promising offer was from a company in Amsterdam. 
Finally, in early May, she accepted a job with a pharmaceutical 
company closer to home, in Hawthorne, N.Y. 

If anything can be said about the Class of 2003 as a whole, 
it's that its blinders are off. Idealism is the rightful currency of 
graduating seniors, but for members of this class, it is tempered 
with wisdom, the kind that comes onlv from experience. As 
Gardner put it in her senior class address at commencement, 
"just like college wasn't exactly what the brochure promised, the 
events that will shape the rest of our lives are sure to he beyond 
our imagination." 

If lite is like an elevator ride. WPI's newest alumni arc 
poised at the control panel. They might find themselves making 
a few unplanned stops on the way up, but they are confident 
they'll eventually reach the top. 

By Carol Cambo Photography by Patrick O'Connor 

2 4 Transformation! \ Summer ' ; 

Kathleen A. Gardner Marketing Associate 

Major: Technical writing, with minors in biology and 
international studies. 

What's Next: "As a writer in the marketing depart 
at QED Communications Inc. [in Hawthorne, N.Y., a 
Division of Quintiles Transnational] , I facilitate continuing 
medical education programs as well as market new drugs 
direct to physicians." 

Typical Starting Salary: $30,000-$38,000 
(QED does not disclose salary data.) 

My WPI: "I came here thinking I would be a veterinarian; 
I had worked for three summers in a vet's office. Then I dis- 

covered I'm allergic to cats, so I had to change direction. I 
read the WPI course catalog from front to back and decided 
on technical writing. My grandmother had a long batde with 
breast cancer; it has since become 'my issue.' My major proj- 
ect was creating a comprehensive public health message for 
women at high risk of breast cancer as a secondary cancer." 

Five Years Out: "Working at a hospital or pharmaceutical 
company and pursuing master's degrees — in communications 
and in public health." 

Little-Known Fact: Katie trained as an operatic 
coloratura soprano in high school. 

The Officer 

rshalltcjvlfi, Iowa 1 / 



Scott A. Martin Second Lieutenant 

Major: Management engineering 

What's Next: Six months of training at The Basic School, 
Quantico, Va., to be followed by 3.5 years of mandator)' duty. 

Salary: $40,000/year, plus meals, housing and clothing. 

My WPI: "Even-thing I did at WPI involved working in 
groups. This taught me management skills; I saw how groups 
of people think and I learned how to motivate them. I learned 
not to be afraid of confronting someone who wasn't pulling 
his or her weight. As a U.S. Marine, I'll be in charge of a lot 

of people and millions of dollars' worth of equipment — thats 
a lot of responsibility. I'm ready for it." 

The Real Scott: "At WPI I lived two lives: the gregarious 
student who helps out in the Admissions Office and the 
leader who isn't afraid to raise his voice — a lot." 

Five Years Out: "Hopefully, owning my own business. 
I've always envisioned owning my own pub. 

Little-Known Fact: Scon speaks fluent German. 

Janelle A. Smith 

Major: Management eni_ 
in finance 

What's Next: General 

Salary: "Enough to star 

r Cohfigijjrarion Specialist 



I I 

My WPI: "I transferred here from the University of Rhode 
Island after discovering that it wasn't the right school for me. 
I liked WPI because even though I was focused on finance, I 
also got the math and science background. The project pro- 
gram put me ahead of the pack in terms of job opportunities. 


I did my major project with Lehman Bros, in Manhattan. I 
had two job offers in the city, but ultimately I decided New 
York wasn't for me; too fast-paced, too expensive, and too far 
away from friends and family." 

The Real Janelh : "I'm a driven and assertive person — 
which can drive others crazy! And, I love to shop." 

MBA, Six Sigma certified, 
1 a home on the beach." 

Five Years Ouf ' c: " „, ^ 

still with GE. In 1( 

Little-Known Fact: "My favorite thing is to spend an 
entire day, 8-to-5, on the beach. It's untouched beauty to me." 

he Vet 


Christina M. Watson Veterinary Student 

Major: Biochemistry, with a minor in international studies 

What's Next: University of Illinois, College of Veterinary 

Tuition: S40,000/year 

My WPI: "When I was interviewing for vet school, I was 
asked, 'Why are you taking the hardest path to become a 
veterinarian [pursuing a biochemistry degree rather than an 
animal science degree at a community college]?' I answered 
that I love to know why things happen, the science of things. 
Also, if I didn't get into vet school, I knew I'd have a great 

degree to fall back on. The project program made a differ- 
ence, too. I did my interactive project at a zoo in Australia 
and worked at the Tufts vet school for my major project, 
studying prolactin levels in rats." 

Five Years Out: "I hope to work as a racetrack veterinar- 
ian with horses. It's exciting, I did it as a summer job, but it's 
male dominated — much like WPI! If not, then working at a 
small animal practice." 

Little-Known Fact: "Watson" has a hamster named I. ola. 

Andrew E. Keefe Electric Power Engineer 

Major: Electrical engineering 

What's Next: Working at DRS Electric Power 
Technologies in Hudson, Mass. 

Salary: $58,000 

My WPI: "I came here for the global program. I applied 
early admission and nowhere else. I went to Bangkok for my 
interactive project and designed a fuel cell controller for an 
e-plane. When people ask, I say I majored in energy. I was 
able to tailor my own program at WPI." 

The Real Andrew: Professional dancer/dance instructor. 
"I've been dancing since I was 8 years old." 

Five Years Out: Married to high school sweetheart, 
Stacie, developing new energy technologies, and participating 
in the formation of new energy policies. 

Little-Known Fact: His favorite onstage role is the 
Nutcracker prince. 

_ Trans foiinatlou-i..L S 

By Ray Bert '93 

Shane Chalke moves fast. 

His garage is littered with the accoutrements of speed: a 
Maserati, a partially built airplane frame, a snowmobile, and 
enough motorcycles (and parts thereof) for a Hell's Angels 
startup. Chalke has raced his bikes and his car competitively; 
he pilots both helicopters and small planes, and just for good 
measure he's an accomplished professional jazz trumpeter. 

But Chalke's need for speed goes beyond his hobbies: 
he's also an extremely successful technology entrepreneur who, 
bored with the slow pace of large companies, built two of his 
own from the ground up. Many people — maybe most people — 
have one characteristic or one hobby, skill or accomplishment 
that stands out, that makes them interesting to the casual 
observer. What stands out about Chalke is just how many ways 
he stands out. 

Shane's garage, tucked toward the back of his house on a 
pastoral 100-acre estate in Middleburg, Va., is one of two 
axes — the other being his family — around which his non-work 
life turns. It's his workshop and his refuge, where he retreats 
"really early in the morning before everyone else is up, or really 
late after everyone has gone to bed." The motorcycle assembly 
apparatus and innumerable other parts, tools and mechanical 
gewgaws, the fact that it doubled as a heliport when he used to 
fly himself back and forth to Manhattan — everything about the 
space screams "engineer." 

Except that he isn't. "It's really by accident that I didn't end 
up an engineer, because my love is with mechanical things," 
Chalke says. "When I was a kid, I was always building things — 

taking the lawnmower engine and trying to put it on the bicy- 
cle. I built a 25-foot kite that I flew around in a bit." Despite 
his educational and career moves away from engineering, 
Chalke insists that he didn't entirely change: "Building software 
is almost the same thing — you get the immense satisfaction of 
seeing something go." 

Always the math and science whiz in high school, Chalke 
drifted toward actuarial science, finance and computer pro- 
gramming at WPI. "What intrigued me was that you could 
advance on purely objective means, rather than political," he 
says. To become an actuary you take a series of 10 exams that 
generally takes between five and eight years. Salaries and 
progress are based on the exams; in other words, no speed lim- 
its. After graduating from WPI with a mathematics degree in 
just two and a half years, Chalke finished his exams in four 
years (he moves fast, remember?). 

After stints at two Massachusetts insurance companies, 
Shane landed in California in 1981 with TransAmerica, work- 
ing in the R&D department. He was soon put in charge of all 
R&D financial products. But by 1983 he was "itchy," he says, 
impatient with the pace and attitude toward innovation. 

So at the age of 25, with loans from a bank and his parents, 
Chalke started his first company, Chalke, Inc., in Los Angeles. 
He struggled and came "within inches" of running out of 
money, but then got a big break: the company's first customer, 
E.F. Hutton, asked him to design a series of products for its 

(Continued on page 47) 




Keeping pace 

Chalke '78 

im mm 

"It's really by accident 

that I didn't end up an engineer, 

because my love is with mechanical things." 

Transformations \ Summer 2003 3 1 



Fred Costello '59, new president of the Alumni Association 

Fred Costello retired from Union 
Carbide Corporation several years 
ago. Now he and his wife, Nancy, 
spend seven months a year in Bonita 
Springs, Fla., and the remainder in 
Washington, Conn. 

Q: What are your goals for the 
coming year? 

A: Our objective is to continue 
encouraging alumni to be involved 
in some way with WPI. We plan on 
doing that by keeping them informed about what's going on at 
their alma mater. We know that we need to improve our career 
development capability, especially for more recent alums. We 
have to make it easy and attractive for alumni to use WPI as a 
career-planning resource. We also see a need to revitalize our 
regional alumni clubs, and we plan to work first with those 
closest to home. We envision these regional clubs not just as a 
social network, but as an important communications vehicle; 
for instance, letting alumni know how they can support the 
university's marketing efforts. 

Q: In what ways have you stayed involved with WPI? 

A: I have always enjoyed being involved, especially helping plan 
our reunions. (We're now working on our 45th!) I've also served 

as our class representative on the Alumni Council, as a member 
of our class board of directors, and as a member at large on the 
Alumni Funds Board. 

Q: Why did you stay so involved? 

A: I've always had a strong affinity for WPI because I attended 
here on a full-tuition scholarship. It was $600 a year, which was 
a lot of money back in those days. Without the help, I wouldn't 
have been able to attend college. 

Q: What's the most important thing you learned at WPI? 

A: I wasn't the best student in the world and, frankly, I was 
more interested in extracurricular activities, like sports and 
student government and my fraternity. WPI has always 
encouraged students to get involved in campus activities in 
addition to pursuing a degree. Through this total educational 
experience I learned to work with people to get things done, 
which was an invaluable asset in my business career. 

Q: What's your personal motto? 

A: Worry about things you can do something about. To heck with 
the rest of it! 

In June, the annual President's Advisory Council (PAC] recognition dinner was held at the New England Air Museum in Windsor Locks, Conn. 
PAC members (donors of $1 ,500 or more to WPI) were among the first to see the museum's newest exhibit, a handsomely restored B-29 
bomber. That same evening, President Edward Alton Parrish presented Richard Whitcomb '43 with the WPI Presidential Medal in 
honor of his groundbreaking work in the field of aviation [Transformations, Fall 2002). The dinner was a precursor to a series of events this 
fall, including a special issue of Transformations, honoring the 100th anniversary of powered flight. 

3 2 Transfor m a 1 1 » « < | S u m met 2 

Never Mind the Weather 

It may have rained on their parade — the traditional Reunion 
Parade, that is — but nothing could dampen the spirits of alumni 
and friends who turned out by the hundteds to celebrate 
Alumni Reunion Weekend, June 5-8. This year marked WPI's 
first Alumni College, with informative sessions led by faculty 
and alumni on the cutting edge of their fields. Topics ranged 
from bioengineering and fuel cell technology to antiques 
appraisal and Wine Tasting 101. 

At the Alumni Association annual meeting, outgoing president 
Dusty Klauber '67 recapped a year of strides, and a new slate 
of officers was unanimously elected. Distinguished alumni 
and dedicated supporters were honored at the annual awards 
luncheon, where President Parrish accepted generous gifts from 
the Reunion Classes. There was time for merriment as well, 
as classmates gathered for dining, dancing and rekindling 
friendships on the campus whete it all began. 

Transformations \ Summer 2003 33 


Center, Fla. 


John Henrickson 

is retired and 
living in Sun City 

Fran Oneglia is 

retired as president 
ofO&G Indus- 
tries, contractor for Connecti- 
cut's $31.8 million Church 
Street South Extension Project, 
which will span the Metro- 
North Rail Yard to link down- 
town New Haven with the 
Long Wharf waterfront area. 
The project got much attention 
this spring, when hundreds 
gathered by the railroad tracks 
at midnight to watch as a single 
crane placed the 320-foot, 890- 
ton arched steel truss. Spectator 
comments on the precisely 
timed erection sequence ranged 
from "like clockwork" to "totally 
awesome" to "an engineering 


Averill Keith has 

moved to San 
Diego, Calif. 

Bob Seaton is a volunteer with 
AMP-PEER: Amputees Helping 
Amputees, a program of Magee 
Rehabilitation Hospital. After 
having his left leg amputated in 
1986, he continues to enjoy 
golfing and boating, as well as 
his grandchildren. He produced 
a film to help others grasp his 
message: "There is a life after 
amputation, and here's a guy 
who lived it and enjoyed it. 
Believe me, if you want to do it, 
you'll do it." Bob lives in 
Norristown, Pa., and is retired 
from Allen-Bradley Co., now 
Rockwell Automation. 

Doug Noiles and 

his wife, Edna, are 
-JL J- the generous bene- 
factors who provided three years 
of funding for WPl's new direc- 
tor of K- 1 2 Outreach (see p. 8). 

Louis Katz retired 
from the technical 
"T U staffofMITRE 

and earned a degree as a legal 
assistant. He is now a certified 

paralegal practicing in the law 
offices of Richard Chaifetz Esq., 
in Columbia, Md. "I have 10 
grandchildren," he writes. "Two 
are physicists, one of whom is 
working on dark matter and the 
other on gravitational waves." 

Boakfar Ketunuti 

and his wife, 
Chris, sent greet- 
ings on Songkran, the Thai 
New Year, which is celebrated in 
April, with a weekend of wild 
water-throwing festivals. "It's a 

he writes, "to share quiet 
moments with our loved ones 
and sail through this patch of 
rough sea." 


Kurt Anderson of 

Slingerlands, N.Y., 
has been enjoying 
retirement and doing some con- 
sulting for the last seven years. 

Robert Mellor lives in North- 
bridge, Mass., where he serves 
on the board of selectmen. 

George Vittas is senior vice 
president of DMJM Aviation 
Inc. in Fort Worth, Texas. 

Richard Healing 

was sworn in as a 
\^/ -1- member of the 
National Transportation Safety 
Board on March 28, 2003. He 
was previously director of trans- 
portation safety and security for 
Battelle Memorial Institute, 
responsible for Battelle's rela- 
tionship with the FAA. Before 
that he served as director, safety 
and survivability, for the 
Department of the Navy. In 
2001, lie was honored with the 
Navy's Distinguished Civilian 
Service Medal lor his work on 
sharing military aviation safety 
information with the civilian 
aviation community. Healings 
term on the XI SB will expire 
in December 2006. 

Mason Somerville is the 

Institute of 
a part of the 
State University of New York 
system. He assumed his new 
duties in July 2002, and was 
officially inaugurated on April 
25, 2003. Somerville was previ- 
ously dean of the College of 
Engineering and Technology at 
Northern Arizona University in 
Flagstaff, and before that was 
dean of the College of Engi- 
neering and professor of mech- 
anical engineering at Texas Tech 
University. Under his leader- 
ship, SUNYIT will complete its 
transition from an upper-divi- 
sion/graduate study program to 
a four-year institution provid- 
ing a full range of undergradu- 
ate and graduate study. 

X^" ^^w Lt. Gen. Dave 
Heebner (Ret.) 
teturned to cam- 
pus on Commencement week- 
end for a commissioning cere- 
mony to promote Brig. Gen. 
Kevin Campbell to major gen- 
eral. Campbell administeted the 
armed forces oath of office to 
ROTC graduates during WPI's 
135 Commencement Exercises 
on May 1 7. The rwo generals 
have much in common. They 
are both Worcester natives and 
graduates of the Bay State 
Battalion Army ROTC pro- 
gram, as well as veterans of 
Desert Shield and Desert Storm. 

Howard Shore, a San Diego 
Superior Court judge, was pro- 
filed in DJC Law recently. He- 
is often required to rule on dif- 
ficult mailers, such as appoint- 
ing a conservator for elderly or 

mcni.ilh ill clients, 01 graining 

permission to withdraw lift 
support from critically ill 

patients. Shore explained thai 
he looks in the Talmud — the 
commentary on |ewish law — 
fbi the strength ol charactei to 

handle the emotionally de- 
manding decisions that come 
before him. After receiving a 
law degree from the University 
of San Diego in 1972, Shore 
served as county prosecutor and 
was appointed a judge in 1990. 

Fran Barton was 

appointed execu- 
\— / V- / tive vice president 
and chief financial officer of 
Atmel Corp., a semiconductor 
firm located in San Jose, Calif. 

Victor Calabretta was named 
2003 Engineer of the Year by 
the Rhode Island Society of 
Professional Engineers. He is 
executive vice presidenr of oper- 
ations for the Maguire Group. 

"It's been a while," writes John 
Farley from Fairfield, Iowa, 
where he lives and makes music. 
"Imagine a singer/songwriter/ 
stew that is a blend of Hima- 
layan yogi, '60s Bob Dylan, 
John Prine, Abbie Hoffman, 
and Lenny Bruce. That's John 
Farley." You can sample his 
music at 
/johnfarleyl or www.cdbaby 

Steve Phillips 

was recognized by 
\~r ^/ Graphic Design 
U.S.A. as one of their "People 
to Watch" for 2003. He is 
founder and president of 
Phillips Design Group, provid- 
ing strategic brand development 
and creative services to corpo- 
rate clients. Steve and his wife, 
Paula, live in Boston's Back Bay 
and have rwo grown children. 

James Ryan is a 

partner in Green 
\J River Associates, a 
technology consulting firm in 
Worcester. He lives in West 
Boylston, where he has been 
active in local politics. 

Paul Lacouture 

was selected by 

JtLi MillburyHigh 

School's Class of 2003 as the 

ment speaker 
for gradua- 
tion cere- 
monies held 
at Mechanics 
Hall, Worcester. A 1968 gradu- 
ate of MHS, he is president of 
Verizon's Nerwork Services 
Group. His innovations in the 
computer and telecommunica- 
tions industry were recently 
commemorated with WPI's 
Hobart Newell Award, given for 
contributions to the field of 
electrical engineering. 

opens in Las Vegas in Augusr, 
gives viewers intimate exposur 


Patrick Daly was 

appoinred perma- 
nent director of 
physical plant at the University 
of Massachusetts Amherst in 
March 2003, after serving as 
interim director since November. 
He has been on staff since 1987 
as director of engineering. Daly 
oversees a staff of more than 
450 employees with a $40 mil- 
lion budget. 

Joel Loitherstein is chairman- 
elect of the Metto West 
Chambet of Commerce; he will 
take office at the end of the 
year. He continues as president 
of Loitherstein Environmental 
Engineering in Framingham, 
but still finds time for long- 
distance bicycle rides on behalf 
of The Jimmy Fund. Last year 

Dean Kamen '73 received the 
2003 Common Wealth Award 
for Science and Invention. His 
fellow honorees were Bob Dole 
(Governmenr), Susan Stroman 
(Dramatic Arts), Sam Donald- 
son (Mass Communications) 
and Joyce Carol Oates (Liter- 
ature). The shared prize of 
$250,000 comes from a trust set 
up by the late businessman and 
philanthropist Ralph Hayes to 
honor outstanding achievements 
in seven areas of human endeav- 
or, which may also include pub- 
lic service and sociology. 

he rode 1,700 miles, from 
Topeka, Kan., back to Boston, 
in rwo weeks. This fall he plans 
to cycle the length of the 
Mississippi River, from 
Minnesota to Louisiana. 

Alden Bianchi has 

published Benefits 
JL Compliance: An 
Overview for the HR Professional. 
"If you do not have time to 
pore through thick legal policy 
manuals but your job requires 
topical awareness of mandatory 
legislative issues that affect your 
employer, rhen this book is for 
you," says the book's publisher, 
WorldatWork. Bianchi contin- 
ues as a partner with the law 
firm of Mirick O'Connell 
Demallie & Lougee in the 
Worcester office. 

Steve Dacri materialized in 
Worcester County in May to 
give a one-night performance at 
the Cheng Du restaurant in 
Westborough, where he per- 
formed his Xtreme CloseUp 
Magic show. The show, which 

to sleight-of-hand tricks per- 
formed tableside and beamed 
via a roving camera to 1 7 TV 
screens throughout the audience. 

As the newly elected director of 
the IEEE Northern Virginia 
Secrion, Ed Gordon participated 
in Congress- 
ional Visirs 
Day in April, 
an annual 
event spon- 
sored by 
the IEEE's 
Work Group. Along with 200 
science and engineering profes- 
sionals, he traveled to Washing- 
ton to advocate for federal 
investment in technological 
research. Gordon also serves as 
regional vice chair for Region II 
(Mid-Atlantic) of American 
Mensa. He lives in Ashburn, Va. 

Trans format tons \ Sui 

2 03 3 5 

Dean Stratouly was named 
2003 president of the Greatet 
Boston Real Estate Board. He 
is co-founder and president of 
Congress Group Ventures Inc., 
a New England real estate firm 
involved in renovation and 
restotation projects in and 
around Boston. 

Robert Apkarian 

talked about 
^/ motorcycles, 
molecular structure and rock- 
and-roll in a profile by the 
student newspaper at Emory 
University, where he is director 
of the Integrated Microscopy 
and Microanalytical Facility. 
Citing lyrics of The Doors, he 
said the music of his college 
years inspired him to look 
deeply into the structure of 
things. He also credited WPFs 
"avant garde" curriculum with 
teaching him not to pigeonhole 
himself academically. He and 
his wife, Emory language pro- 
fessor Juliette Stapanian 
Apkarian, also stay involved 
with their ancestral homeland, 
Armenia, by supporting efforts 
to rebuild that country's scien- 
tific research capabilities. 

Fun, Fashions 
^\ and Father Scan/on 

S was the title of 

Judy Nitsch s slide show on 

WPI in the 
1970s, pre- 
March 3 1 
in Olin 
Hall. Her 
the kindly 

looked out 
for WPI's 
pioneering women, and an 
amused group of current WPI 
students — some of whom are 
the offspring of those '70s class- 


Sandra (Reardon) 
DiPietro started a 
new job in April 
as an account executive with 
Kaye Insurance Associates in 
Westport, Conn., servicing 
commercial property and casu- 
alty accounts. Peter DiPietro 
continues with GE Commercial 
Insurance Co., industrial risk 
insurers. They have two daugh- 
ters: Stephanie, who just fin- 
ished her second year at Roger 
Williams Law School, and 
Amanda, who works at Johnson 
& Wales University. 

Thomas McAloon is a self- 
employed consultant for inter- 
national relief and development. 
He lives on Swans Island, 

Scott Mclntyre was recently 
promoted from senior associate 
to vice president of STV Inc., 
an employee-owned subsidiary 
of STV Group Inc. He joined 
the company in 1994 and has 
been involved in large design- 
build projects, such as the 
Hudson-Bergen Light Rail 
Transit System and the John E 
Kennedy International Airport 
AirTrain Light Rail System. 
Mclntyre lives in Valhalla, N.Y. 

Ron Medrzychowski was 

promoted to 
director of 
nuclear proj- 
ects and 
repair engi- 
neering at 

Dynamics Electric Boat, where 
he has worked since graduation. 
In his new assignment, he is 
responsible for all activity asso- 
ciated with nuclear engineering 
for repair work. 

7 f^ Mike Ahern is 

director of distri- 
\^J bution engineering 
at Northeast Utilities, the pat- 
ent company of Connecticut 
Light & Power. Western Massa- 
chusetts Rlcctric Co. and Public 
Service nl New 1 [ampshire. I [e 

Artist gets behind the camera to create 

Pollock Squared 

Bill Rabinovitch '58 wants the world to know the "real" Jackson 
Pollock— or a least a different Pollock than the one depicted in the 
Hollywood film by Ed Harris about the abstract expressionist whose 
paint-splattered canvases revolutionized the art world in the 1950s. 
Rabinovitch has spent the last three years filming Pollock Squared, 
with the help of prominent artists, critics, historians and scholars. "It's 
a brisk and unorthodox low-tech film," he says, "with a pickup team 
of NYC artists acting out of heart, not out of Hollywood." 

Rabinovitch, a former mechanical engineer and jet pilot, is a working 
painter and a videographer of New York's contemporary scene. His 
work hangs in galleries and public spaces including New York City's 
Canal Street Post Office and WPI's Fuller Laboratories. 

Pollock Squared takes a revisionist view that Rabinovitch calls "a bold 
improv interpretation of one of the most thought-provoking artists of 
the 20th Century." It begins where the Hollywood version left off, 
imagining that Pollock survived the car crash that in reality ended his 
short, tormented life in 1 956. In Rabinovitch's version, Pollock travels 
through time for fantastical encounters with the century's important 
artists, including van Gogh, Picasso and Warhol. 

Legend has it that Pollock's friends jump-started his 8/ue Poles painting 
by dribbling paint on canvas, in an attempt to pull the artist out of a 
period of depression that had paralyzed his work. Rabinovitch gath- 
ered some of his own artist friends on the grounds of the Pollock- 
Krasner House on Long Island for an 
apocryphal recreation (below) of the 
famous painting. Now he is appeal- 
ing to his friends and classmates for 
financial support to underwrite pro- 
duction and distribution of his film. 
For more information on the project, 
go to 
Contact Bill at 
or 21 2-226-2873. 

30 Transformatiom \ Summer '00 

and his wife, Kathy, live in Old 
Saybrook, Conn. Their daugh- 
ter, Allison, will be a freshman 
at St. Anselm's College this fall; 
their son, Jonathan, will attend 
Xavier High School. Mike 
regrets that he couldn't attend 
the 25th reunion. 

John Harmon was DuPont 

Scientist of 
the Month 
fot April 
2003. He 
helped devel- 
op a preci- 
sion molding 
process that has reduced pro- 
duction cycle time and expense 
for the company's Coriari* sur- 
faces. He joined DuPont after 
graduation and earned an MBA 
at RPI in 1981. John currently 
works at the company's Yerkes 
Plant in Buffalo, N.Y., riding 17 
miles round-ttip each day on a 
bike specially outfitted for win- 
ter travel. 

John McGee is a teaching 
assistant in the Department of 
Statistics at Virginia Tech, 
where he is pursuing a Ph.D. 
in statistics with application to 
bioinformatics, after a career 
focused on mathematical and 
statistical algorithm develop- 
ment. He and his wife, Donna 
Philbrook McGee '80, live in 
Christianburg, Va., where they 
are working to form a Spanish- 
speaking group within their 
church congregation. 

Wesley Wheeler was appointed 
president of North American 
operations for ICN Pharma- 
ceuticals, based in Costa Mesa, 

Chuck Berger 

V- 1 serves as town 
_S engineer for 
Watetfotd, Conn., after 20 
years with the state's Depart- 
ment of Environmental 
Protection. He lives in Winsted 
with his wife, Amy, and their 
three children. 

Vance Spillman is 

$ vice president and 
V_/ V^/ genetal manager 
of Sunrise Technologies in 
Raynham, Mass. He recently 
married Brenda Collette. 

Richard Whalen and his wife, 
Iris, announce the birth of their 
son, Alexander Miles, on Dec. 
12, 2002. They live in Framing- 
ham, Mass. 


Frank Hines and 

his wife, Jeannie, 
announce the birth 
of their thitd son, Benjamin 
Edward, on March 27, 2003. 
"Juggling an infant with oldet 
boys Frankie, 9, and Sam, 6, is 
presenting a wide range of new 
joys and challenges," he says. 
Frank continues to work as an 
innovation consultant for 
Creative Realities, based in 


Doug Acker and 

his wife, Jan, 
adopted their 
4-year-old son, Zachary, from 
Russia back in December 2001. 
Doug is still working for BMC 
Software. They live in Missouri 
City, Texas. 

Joe Morgan is the new vice 
president and chief technology 
officer for Standatd Register He 
will continue to serve as president 
and CEO of the company's 
subsidiary, SMARTworks, LLC. 

Ronald Ranauro is executive 
vice president worldwide busi- 
ness development and general 
manager of Gene-IT a Paris- 
based company that recently 
moved its R&D operations to 
Worcester. He was co-founder 
and CEO of Blackstone 

Ralph Rondinone lives in 
Sterling, Mass., with his wife, 
Melissa, and their four children. 
He was recently appointed to 
the Wachusett Regional High 
School Building Committee. 

Mark Scott continues at 
Sikorsky Aircraft, where he has 
worked for the last 20 years. He 
completed master's degree pro- 
grams at the University of 
Maryland and MIT. 

Where in the World? When Bob Oborne, senior 
advancement researcher in University Relations, traveled to the New 
Orleans Heritage & Jazz Festival this spring, he took his WPI baseball cap 
along with him. During his stay, he asked notable musicians to sign the cap, 
including pianist/singer Marcia Ball (inset). Send us a picture and tell us 
where you've worn your WPI letters lately. 

Patricia Bray's 

novel Devlin's 
\^J JL Luck, received the 
2002 Compton Crook Award 
for best 
novel in the 
science fic- 
field, from 
the Baltimore 

Fiction Society. (See WPI Book- 
shelf, this issue, for a write-up 
of the recently released sequel.) 
Bray lives in upstate New York 
and combines her writing with 
a full-time career as a project 
manager for IBM. 

Jean Salek Camp writes that 
she is putting het project 
management skills to use at 
Unlimited Consttuction 
Services on resort and commer- 
cial development projects in 
Kauai, Hawaii. Last year she 
completed an assignment as 
project manager for Kauai's 
new power plant. She and het 
husband, David, also completed 
consttuction on their home at 

the beach. "Landscaping comes 
next," she says. Jean has been 
involved in MentorNet, an 
e-mail program that matches 
experienced engineers with 
young women interested in 
pursuing technical careers. "If 
we really want to make an 
impact," she says, "we have to 
statt when the students are 

Eric Thune was appointed vice 
president for North American 
sales at GetSilicon Inc. in Santa 
Clara, Calif. 

Daniel Ward works as a sales 
manager for Applied Materials 
in Boise, Idaho. He has three 
children — Hunter, 6, Alex- 
andra, 5, and Samantha, 2. 

Rongrong Wu (G) lives in 
Acton, Mass., with her hus- 
band, Weigeng Shi, and theit 
son David. A recent article in 
The Boston Globe focused on the 
many Asian professionals drawn 
to the region by educational 
and employment opportunities. 
"Acton has proven to be a smart 
move for us," she told the 

Transformations \ Summer 2003 37 

WPI Bookshelf 


Devlin's Honor 

by Patricia Bray '84 
Spectra (Bantam) 

- , t I - ^3 
/- .1 — 

d ' *=t 



The second book in Bray's "Sword of 
Change" series chronicles the adventures of 
Devlin Stonehand of Duncaer as he returns to 
his homeland in search of the long-lost Sword 
of Light. Before he can claim the sword, Devlin 
must confront his past, quell an uprising by his 
own people and subdue a master mage. Bray, 
who also works full time at IBM, has published six historical novels 
set in Regency-era England. She will conclude her epic fantasy trilo- 
gy with Devlin's Justice in 2004. 

Grace, Grit and Growling: The 
Hartford Dark Blues Base Ball 
Club, 1874-1877 

by Dave Arcidiacono '87 

Self-published; available though the Vintage 
Base Ball Factory at 

Back in the days of vintage "base ball" — 
when the sport was spelled with two words 
and games were cheered on by the likes of 
Mark Twain— the legendary Hartford Dark 
Blues team president Morgan Bulkeley blazed the frail for today's 
National League. Arcidiacono's second self-published work includes 
period photographs, bibliography, index, and appendices of team 
and player statistics. He is also the author of Middletown's Season 
in the Sun: The Story of Connecticut's First Professional Baseball Team. 

Shadows and Light: A 
Photographic Exploration 
of the Seas in Black and 

by Jonathan Bird '90 

Jonathan Bird Photography 

From barnacle-crusted wrecks to 
the flowing tendrils of sea 
anemones, Bird's latest undersea photographs capture the beauty of 
the ocean in 73 haunting black-and-white scenes. After 1 2 years of 
filming and photographing the colorful creatures that inhabit the 
underwater world, Bird returned to the black-and-white developing 
techniques he learned during college, to discover a new means of 
creating striking and surreal images. The soft-cover book is printed 
on high-quality paper with a high-gloss lacquer coating to enhance 
the beauty of the images. 

Globe, citing ample job options 
for software engineers and a 
community that celebrates cul- 
tural diversity. "Our lives are 
full, our son is happy, so we feel 
that Acton has been a success." 

Craig Falkenham 

lives in Derry, 
V-J ^/ N.H., and serves 
as area director for Maxim, a 
semiconductor company based 
in California. 

John Joseph was 

"X named vice presi- 
\^J V_«/ dent of marketing 
for EqualLogic Inc., with re- 
sponsibility for the company's 
PeerStorage IP-based network 
storage arrays. 

Todd Moline is president of 
CE Contractors in Winchester, 

Carol Wilder continues with 
Intel in the capacity of silicon 
product planning in the Intel 
Communications Group. She 
writes, "My daughter and I will 
be relocating to sunny (kidding!) 
Portland, Ore., from Sacra- 
mento, Calif." 


Karyn Van De 
Mark and Jeffrey 
Denker '88 are 

proud to announce the birth of 
Jenna MacMillan, on Aug. 19, 
2002. She joins her very proud 
big sister, Katie, who is 4'/2. 
Karyn continues as an associate 
scientist III in the Discovery 
Biology Group at Biogen. 
Research done on the role of 
a-lipoic acid in arresting tumor 
cell growth during her previous 
employment at the Cancer 
Center of Boston University 
Medical School was published 
in the Joimiitl of Cellular 
Physiology (Vol. 194:325-340, 
Feb 2003). Jeff" is employed by 
Brooks Automation (formerly 
PRI Automation) as principal 
mechanical engineer. 


3 8 Transformation! \ Summer 2003 

Ann (Palmer) 
Anderson and hei 
husband, Doug, 
announce the birth ol their 
third clulil, 1 ik Kenneth, on 

\l i\ ' i Jllllj I h is now .i 

happy 1 -year-old, with a 
5-year-old brother, Kevin, and 
a 4-year-old sister, Jill. The 
Andersons live in Oviedo, Fla. 

Maya Keshavan (M.S. '90) and 
her husband, Michael 
Kirschner '82, announce the 
birth of a daughter, Mira, on 
May 28, 2002. She joins her 
brother, Ravi, who recently 
turned 3. 

Jeff LaSalle (M.S. FPE) found- 
ed SAFE Consultants in 
Philadelphia. The acronym 
sums up the new company's 
focus: Security And Fire 
Engineering. Jeff has hired a 
staff of University of Maryland 
and WPI grads that includes 
Brian Lukus '03. Current proj- 
ects include the Philadelphia 
Phillies' new ballpark, the 
Philadelphia Museum of Art, 
the historic Atlantic City 
Boardwalk Hall, and multiple 
projects for the Lancaster 
General Health Systems. 

Anthony Pechulis married 
Diane Gawinski on Nov. 2, 
2002. He recently received a 
doctorate in chemistry from 
RPI and works as a research 
chemist for Albany Molecular 

Michael Lilley 

V_I writes that he is 
V_^/ ^/ still working in the 
business process improvement 
area, mostly in IT, but has 
recently become licensed as a 
certified public accountant in 
Massachusetts. He lives in 
Wren t ham. 

. /"> Randolph Beltz 

holds the post of 
^S V_/ electrical engineer- 
ing manager -it BA1 Svsuin.x. 
1 1c lives in 1 yndeborough. 
N.H.. where he is active in local 

Christopher Buntc-I is an 

associate with I low rc\ Simon 
Arnold Cs White, practicing 

patent prosecution, licensing 
and litigation law in cases relat- 
ing to biotechnologj .md chem- 
istry. I le recentl) published an 
article in Texas Lawyer on price 
competition and generic dings. 


asses or 

'93, '98, '03 • Oct. 10-11, 2003 

Miklos Kiss left active duty 
with the Army in 1996 to earn 
a Ph.D. in physics at North 
Carolina State University in 
December 2002. His thesis was 
titled "Application of diffracrion 
enhanced imaging for obtaining 
improved contrast of calcifica- 
tions in breast tissue." He is 
now a research associare in the 
University of Wisconsin's 
Department of Medical Physics. 

Ira Nydick is on assignment in 
Japan for Panasonic Technology, 
a division of Matsushita Corp. 


Robert Gregory 

is an engineer 
with the Naval 
Undersea Warfare Cenrer in 
Newport, R.I. He is currently 
pursuing postgraduate studies 
through the U.S. Navy. 

Michael Messer has rerurned 
from an overseas posting at 
RAF Lakenheath, UK, where 
he spent three years flying the 
F-15. After completing upgrade 
training, he now serves as a 
T-38 instructor at Sheppard 
AFB in Wichita Falls, Texas. He 
and his wife, Buffi, have three 
children — Carolyn, 6, Griffin, 
2, and their newest arrival, 
Lucas Patrick, born May 21, 
2003. They are all enjoying the 
hot norrhwest Texas sun after 
three years of rain in England. 

Valerie Mason is 

_S ■" ' °f needle manu- 
facturing for United States 
Surgical, a division of Tyco 
Healthcare. Her responsibilities 
include overseeing rhe daily 
manufacture of specialty surgi- 
cal needles used in suturing. 
Valerie and her husband, 
Michael, welcomed son number 
rhree, Christopher Robert, on 
March 18, 2003. He joins his 
brothers, Michael, 4'/2, and 
Nicholas, 2V2, in rheir home in 
Oxford, Conn. 


Tracy Coifman s 

wedding to Agnes 
Rios Gomez took 


1 ? : 

i sBb\ 



place in Puerto Rico on May 
10, 2003. Attendees included 
Derek Cygan, Phil Marks, 
John Adams '92, Andrew 
Hoyen '92, and John Murphy 
'92. Coifman completed a dual 
MBA degree this year from the 
Executive MBA-Global pro- 
gram offered by the London 
Business School and Columbia 
University, alternating between 
New York and London. He also 
completed project work and 
classes in Hong Kong and Rio 
de Janeiro. Tracy and Agnes 
now reside in San Juan, where 
Tracy is vice president of Able 
International/Tril Export of 
Puerto Rico. They can be con- 
tacted at tcoifman@com- 

Timothy Coleman is COO 

and president of Biocache 
Pharmaceuticals in Richmond, 
Tenn. He is working on an 
MBA degree from Boston 

James Kelly married Kathryn 
Fischer, a fellow employee at 
Narragansett Bay Commission, 
on Oct. 26, 2002. After a hon- 
eymoon in Playa Del Carmen, 
Mexico, they reside in East 
Providence, R.I. 

Terra Peckskamp announces 
her engagement to Jim Ervin 
of Syracuse, N.Y. She serves as 
assistant director of residence 
life at Syracuse University, 
where she is working part time 
on her Ph.D. in higher educa- 
tion administration. Terra 
writes, "A fall 2004 wedding 
is planned, followed by a disser- 
tation defense (I hope!)." 

Capt. David Willis is serving 
with the U.S. Army on Staten 
Island, N.Y. 

Ted Dysart and 

his wife, Erica, 
JL are pleased to 
announce the birth of their son, 
Theodore Leslie Thornton 
Dysart Jr., or "TJ," on April 28, 
2003. TJ was 8 lbs., 14 oz. and 
20V2 inches. 

Dena Niedzwiecki, M.D., is 
a board-certified pediatrician 
practicing in Bristol, Conn. 

Kyle Outlaw and his wife, 
Maureen, announce the birth of 
their son, Riley Zack, on May 
1, 2003. He joins his 2-year-old 
sister, Peighton, as the newest 
member of the family. 

Robert Rouleau and his wife, 

Karin, live in North Situate, 
Mass. He works for PTC in 


Zachary Sacks is living in 
Modiin, Israel. 


Paul Beliveau and 

his wife, Evelyn, 
are proud to 
announce the birth of Grace 
Evelyn, born Oct. 6, 2002. She 
joins her brother, Paul, and sis- 
ter, Amber Mae, in their home 
in Walpole, N.H. 

Chris Dagdigian is a co- 
founder of The BioTeam, a con- 
sulting firm made up of four 
former Blacksrone Computing 
consultants who specialize in IT 
infrastructures for the biotech- 
nology industry. They utilize a 
"SWAT team" approach of get- 
ting in and out quickly, and 
meeting a client's need with 

Public Eye 

The June issue of Yankee Magazine gave a plug to The 
Passive Solar House by James Kachadorian '61, as a resource 
for designing environmentally efficient and beautiful homes... 
The Boston Globe profiled Bob Sinicrope '71, a longtime 
music teacher at Milton Academy, highlighting his jazz band's 
concert tour of South Africa, which included a performance at the 
U.S. Embassy... Vermont Business Magazine interviewed 
Jay Thayer '74, vice president of the Vermont Yankee nuclear 
reactor in Vernon. ..Picker Engineering Program Chair Domenico 
Grasso '77 leads the TOYtech (Teaching Our Youth Technology) 
project at Smith College. His report on the program, which chal- 
lenges engineering students to design toys that introduce children 
to the principles that underlie technology, ran in Black Enter- 
prise Magazine. .Barbara (Gibney) Haller '83 has gotten a 
lot of press in the Telegram & Gazette on her campaign for 
re-election role as a Worcester District 4 city councilor and for her 
efforts to clean up her Main South neighborhood though a crime- 
watch program... Matthew Streeter '00 co-authored a Scientific 
American article on genetic programming, a new breed of 
software that uses Darwinian logic to "evolve" inventions that 
solve complex problems. 





minimum fees and overhead. 
Their work and their bare- 
bones (no offices!) business 
strategy has won attention from 
Bio-IT World. Clients include 
Apple Computer, Harvard 
University and several Boston 

Neil Doherty is commander of 
the Army's A Company, 27th 
Engineer Battalion at Fort 
Bragg, N.C. 

Suzanne Timmerman 
Edmonson and her husband, 
Michael, are thrilled to 
announce the adoption of their 
son, Nathaniel Andre. "He was 
born on Aug. 16, 2002, and 
was placed in our arms on 
March 11, 2003," she writes. 

They live in Derby, Kan., where 
Suzanne works for Boeing. 

Todd Goyette and his wife, 
Janice, announce the birth of 
their second daughter, Rebecca 
Michelle, on April 11, 2003. 
They, and their other daughter, 
Abigail, live in Millbury, Mass. 
Todd recently passed rhe 
Principles of Engineering Exam 
(Electrical) in Massachusetts. 

David Jakad completed a full- 
time MBA program at Babson 
College and received his degree 
on May 17, 2003. 
Joseph Laydon married 
Christina Pierrello on Nov. 16, 
2002. He serves as town plan- 
ner for Wayland, Mass. 

What's News? 

Please let us hear from you with news of your career, 

marriage, family, address change— whatever. 

Why not send us a photo of yourself for publication. 

And, please include your spouse's full name when 

sending wedding or birth announcements. 

Please check preferred mailing address. 


□ Home Address 

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Personal/career news for Transformations: 

Ben Lipchak produced 
"Reservoir," a CD of original 
piano music by Holden resident 
Alicia Bessette, on Wachusett 
Records. He maintains a digital 
recording studio in his home in 
Sterling, Mass. 

Rodney Lukowski is a fixed- 
income analyst for Intex 
Solutions in Needham, Mass. 

% David Burnham 
married Hien 
Ngoc Pham, a 
graduate of Economic 
University in Ho Chi Minh 
City, on Jan. 4, 2003. He is a 
consulting network engineer 
with Verizon in Boston. 

Joseph Choiniere works for 
Sun Microsystems in Cohoes, 


Amy (Plack) Marr (M.S. '00) 
was recently promoted to direc- 
tor of Web development at 
WPI. She and her husband, 
Greg Marr '95 (M.S. '97, '01), 
are expecting their first child 
this fall. 

Martha Nalewajk works for 
Abbott Bioresearch Center in 
Worcester. She was married to 
Jon-Paul Rogers recently. 

Kimberley Sieber married 
Daniel Loach recently. She is an 
electrical engineer with Telica in 
Marlborough, Mass. 

Michael DeFronzo 

is director ot 
technology for 

CancerSource in Waltham, 


Ki isic ii Magnifico and Jason 

Becker tied the knot on Aug. 3, 
2002. She works for Fidelity 
Investments, and he works for 
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals. They 
live in Pclham, N.H. 

Alison Possas became engaged 
to Christopher Johnson on 
April 25, 2003. They are plan- 
ning an April 2(10-1 wedding cm 

I ong Island. N.Y. Both are 

senior engineers .11 Pratt & 
Whitney in Fast I l.irttord. 

i Rood, 

Sylvia Puchovsky and Andrew 
Messier were married recently. 
She works for Amersham 
Biosciences in Westbotough, 
Mass, and he is employed by 
I/O Integtity in Medway. They 
live in Waltham. 

~V f*\ Chad Binette 

(M.S. FPE '00) 
^S V*J passed the P.E. 
exam recently. He lives in 
Waltham, Mass., and works at 
Engineering Planning and 
Management Inc. as a member 
of the fire protection engineer- 
ing group. 

Slade Brockett completed a 
three-year tour on the attack 
submarine USS Providence, then 
transferred to shore duty in 
London in November 2002. He 
and his wife, Mary, are happy to 
announce the birth of their sec- 
ond child, Annika Katherine, 
on Feb. 7, 2003. 

Matthew Connors and his 

wife, Katherine, live in Hopkin- 
ton, Mass. He is a senior sys- 
tems analyst with Lycos Co. 

Jill Ann Johnson and Aaron 
Korthas '99 were married 
recently. She is an associate 
engineer at Rolf Jensen Associ- 
ates, and he is an actuarial ana- 
lyst at Watson Wyatt Worldwide. 
After a honeymoon in Aruba, 
they are living in Worcester. 

Prudence (Martin) and Aaron 
Jones are proud to announce 
that they passed the Professional 
Engineering Exam and are both 
practicing P.E.s in the state ot 

Navy Lt. Jason Kipp has com- 
pleted a deployment to the 
Mediterranean Sea .md the 
Arabian Cull aboard the USS 
Portland, as part of Operation 
Iraqi Freedom. 

Michelle LaFond .md Joseph 
Raab announced their engage- 
ment from Norcross, Ga., where 

she is an environmental engi- 
neer lot I NMs International 

and he is a gas/steam turbine 

field engineer lor General 

Electric They plan to marr) 

.Hi Sept. 27. 


sses or 

'93, '98, '03 • Oct. 10-11, 2003 

This photo of Janel Lanphere 
receiving Boston Scientific 
Award was 
omitted from 
her class note 
in the last issue of Transforma- 
tions. Since then, Janel's project 
team has been honored with the 
John Abele Science and Tech- 
nology Award. We also misstat- 
ed the school where she earned 
her master's degree in biomed- 
ical engineering. It is the Uni- 
versity of Toledo, not Toronto. 

Nilufer Saltuk and Paul Soucek 
were married in Denver on May 
17, 1003, by Paul's brother, 
Robert. Steve Davis, Prudence 
(Martin) and Aaron Jones, and 
Shannon Hogan '97 parried 
the night away at the wedding. 
The couple honeymooned at a 
resort in Antalya, Turkey, then 
went to Istanbul, where the 
bride's parents hosted a second 
receprion overlooking the 

Michael Samson is a software 
engineer for American Power 
Conversion, West Kingston, R.I. 

Lisa Sorgini is USFilters 
Memcor product specialist for 
rhe western United States and 
Canada. Her article on EPA- 
compliant microfiltrarion mem- 
branes for the Carmichael 
Water District in Scaramento 
Counry, Calif., appeared in 
Water World. 

Michael Stark and his wife, 
Amanda, belaredly announce 
the birth of their son, Jon. He 
was born on April 5, 2002; just 
a week after Mike started his 
new job as an invesrigaror with 
the New Hampshire State Fire 
Marshal's Office in Concord. 

V,l V. 1 O'Sullivan 

^/ ^/ (USAF) was 
deployed to an undisclosed 
location in support of 

Operation Iraqi Freedom. He 
writes, "I was promoted to 
captain on March 2, 2003. My 
current position is a communi- 
cations-information officer in 
support of the E-3 AWACS 
missions over Iraq. My wife, 
Vicky (Dnlac), and I have one 
son, Mack, who was born on 
Dec. 31, 2000. We are hoping 
ro be assigned ro Hanscom AFB 
in the fall." 

Matthew Poisson (USAF) was 
deployed to the Middle East, 
from his base in Spangdahlem, 
Germany. In February, when 
war with Iraq was still immi- 
nent, he wrore that he was fly- 
ing the Block 50 F-16 Viper in 
supporr of enforcing the south- 
ern No Fly Zone, while await- 
ing further tasking. The best 
way to reach him in the desert 
is at matthew.poisson@auab 

Katie Taylor and Kevin Boyd 

were married Oct. 19, 2002, in 
Waterville, Maine. The bridal 
party included Adam Howes, 
Leigh Anderson, Linda 
(Cappuccia) Grelotti and Beth 
Schweinsberg '00. The couple 
moved to Kingston, N.Y., for 
Kevin's new job at IBM and 
Katie's accelerated doctor of 
pharmacy program ar Albany 
College of Pharmacy. 



Charles Bristol is 

a project 

estimator for Construction 
Materials Service in 
Marlborough, Mass. 

Stephen Sacovitch is a 

master's degree candidate 
in WPI's FPE program. He 
also serves as an Air Force 
first lieutenant stationed at 
Wrighr-Patterson Air Force 

Jocelyn Songer is enrolled in 
the joint Ph.D. program in 
speech and hearing bioscience 
and technology at Harvard and 
MIT. She recently traveled to 
Daytona Beach, Fla., to give a 
poster presentation on her 
research at the annual conven- 
tion of the Association for 
Research in Otolaryngology. 

John Benda is on 

naval assignment 
in the Persian 
Gulf, aboard the USS Ashland, 
where he serves as communica- 
tions officer. He expects a pro- 
motion to lieutenant junior 
grade soon. 

Marie Charpentier and George 

Oprica '00 were married on 
Sept. 28, 2002, in Spencer, 
Mass. Members of the wedding 
party included Brooke 
(LeClair) Daniels, Natalie 
Chin, Ryan Wilbur, Heather 
Moran '00 and Joseph 
Charpentier '96. The couple 
honeymooned at Walt Disney 
World in Florida and now 
resides in Worcester. 

Theodoros Panagiotopoulos 

wed Athina Pangos on Nov. 10, 
2002. They live in Clearwater, 
Fla., where he is a process engi- 
neer for Honeywell, and she 
works as an ophthalmic assis- 
tant while attending the 
University of South Florida. 

Sean Toomey (M.S. FPE) 
earned his P.E. license in the 
state of New Hampshire. He 
lives in Manchester and works 
for SFC Engineering 


David Ludwig 

was featured in the 
(Milford, Mass.) 
Daily News, in an article about 

men who wear kilts. He is a 
bagpipe player and software 
engineer with an interest in 
game design. 

Michael Perkins is a field engi- 
neer with Whiting-Turner in 
New Haven, Conn. 

Matt Motyka 

, (M.S.) is asset and 
liability manager 
for First Federal Bank, a fast- 
growing regional bank with 
branches from New Jersey to 
Maine. He was among the first 
graduates of WPI's professional 
masrer's degree in financial 

Graduate Management 

JeffStutzman (MBA '03) 

(far right) is founder of ZNQ3, 

an information security com- 
pany headquartered in Man- 
chester, N.H., along with MBA 
alums Luis De la Cruz '00, 
left, and Ed Wright '02. Their 
anti-hacking product, Bead- 
window!Intrusion Prevention 
System, took top honors in 
the Collaborative for Entre- 
preneurship & Innovation at 
WPI's All-Out Business Plan 
Challenge, and second place in 
the Venture Forum's Business 
Plan Contest. Jeff, who also 
serves as manager of informa- 
tion security for Cisco Systems 
in the Americas, is teaching a 
graduate course in information 
security management in E-term. 

| School of Industrial 
1 Management 

i Leon Lavallee '97 has been 
promoted to director, technical 
support, at Hyde Tools in 
Southbridge, Mass., where he 
has worked since 1972. His 
responsibilities include quality 
assurance and ISO 9002 com- 
pliance in the machine shop 
and the engineering depart- 

Transformations \ Summer 2 003 4 1 


Edward M. Gillies Jr. '28 of 

Wauconda, III, died March 11, 
2002. He was the retired reg- 
ional credit manager of The 
General Tire and Rubber Co., 
where he worked for many 
years, serving in rhe company's 
New York, Ohio and Georgia 
offices. Gillies married Violet 
Prochal in 1933; the couple had 
one son. He belonged to Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of Robert L. 
Cotton '29 of Jamaica, N.Y., 
in 2000. He leaves his wife, 
Hannah, a son and a daughter. 
Cotton was the retired director 
of Radio Free Europe's studios 
in Lisbon, Portugal. A former 
basketball team captain and 
four-time letter-winner, he 
belonged to Skull. 

Hilding O. Carlson '31 of 

Norwood, Mass., died June 9, 
2002. A longtime publicist for 
Factory Mutual Engineering 
Corp., he retired as manager of 
publications. He was an only 
child and a bachelor, but had 
many cousins and a foster child 
in Greece through an interna- 
tional agency. 

Richard G. Marden '31 of 

Topsham, Maine, died April 29, 
2002. Predeceased by his wife, 
June (Parker), he leaves two 
sons, four grandchildren and 
two great-grandchildren. 
Marden was a Navy veteran of 
World War II and the Korean 
War, and served in the Naval 
Reserves until 1964, when he 
retired as a commander. He 
earned a master's degree in edu- 
cation at Boston University and 
was chairman of the science 
department at Classical High 
School in Worcester for 32 
years. He later taught at 
Falmouth High School for 
eight years. He belonged to 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon. 

Alfred Gaunt Parker '33 of 

Cleveland died April 25, 2002. 
He was widowed by his first 
wife, Virginia, and his second 
wife, Elizabeth, who died last 

year. Survivors include a daugh- 
ter, two sons, three stepsons, 
1 1 grandchildren and a great- 
grandchild. Parker was the 
rerired technical director of 
Foster Wheeler Corp. He 
belonged to Phi Gamma Delta. 

Edmund A. Perry '33 of 

died June 1 1, 
2001. He is 
survived by 
his wife, 
Jean, and 
two sons. Perry was retired from 
Hollinger Mines Ltd. He 
belonged to Phi Gamma Delta. 

Chester G. Dahlstrom '34 of 

Wilmingron, Del., died Jan. 17, 
2003. He lost his wife, Ruth, in 
1980, and his youngest daugh- 
ter in 2000. He is survived by a 
daughter and two grandchil- 
dren. Dahlstrom was retired as a 
design group supervisor after a 
37-year career with DuPont Co. 
He attended WPI on a scholar- 
ship from his father's employer, 
Wyman-Gordon, giving him a 
much-appreciated opportunity 
to receive a college education 
during the depression. He 
belonged to the Alden Society. 

Henry H. Franklin '34 of 

Peterborough, N.H., died Feb. 
13, 2002. Twice married, he is 
survived by two sons, three 
daughters, eight grandchildren 
and 1 5 great-grandchildren. He 
was predeceased by a son. A 
member of Sigma Phi Epsilon 
and Skull, Franklin earned his 
bachelor's degree from Bowdoin 
College in 1935 and his law 
degree from Northeastern 
University in 1940. He retired 
from private legal practice in 

Donald Millan '35 of 

Shrewsbury, Mass., died Nov. 
1 5, 2002. His wife, Phyllis, died 
in 1996. Survivors include a 
son, a daughter, three grandchil- 
dren and two great -grandchil- 
dren. MacMillan was retired 
from American Steel and Wire. 

where he served .is .in electrical 

engineer. He belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Benjamin H. Smith '36 of 

Monticello, Minn., died May 
24, 2002. He leaves his wife, 
Jeannette, four sons, a daughter, 
six grandchildren and a great- 
grandchild. Smith was a retired 
senior design engineer for 
Brown Boveri Turbomachinery. 
A member of Sigma Xi, he 
received a master's degree from 
the University of Pittsburgh in 

Stedman West Smith '36, 
M.D., of 
Md., died 
Oct. 14, 
2002. A 
and obstetri- 
cian for more rhan 50 years, 
he was a graduate of Brown 
University and McGill Medical 
School. His wife, Dorothy 
(Damon), died in 1970. 
Survivors include a daughter, 
a son, two grandchildren and 
three great-grandchildren. 

C. Chapin Cutler Sr. '37 of 

Waterford, Maine, died Nov. 
30, 2002. He leaves his wife, 
Virginia (Tyler), a son, a daugh- 
ter and four grandchildren. A 
longtime electronics researcher 
at Bell Laboratories, Cutler 
developed radar systems for 
military and aerospace projects. 
After retiring from Bell in 1979, 
he taught applied physics at 
Stamford University. Cutler 
held more than 70 patents. He 
received an honorary doctorate 
from WPI in 1975 and the 
Robert H. Goddard Alumni 
Award tor Outstanding Pro- 
fessional Achievement in 1982. 

Howard Osborn '37 ot 

Sebring, Fla., 

died April 
15, 2002. 
1 le leaves his 
wile. Arleen. 
two sons and 

grandchildren. A native ol 
Dana, Mass., before the son 

struction of the Quabbin 
Reservoir, he became a civil 
engineer and served in the 
Panama Canal Zone for 35 
years as chief superintendent of 
the maintenance division. 

A. Hamilton "Ham" Powell '37 

of Leesburg, Fla., died Aug.16, 
2002. A longtime manager at 
General Electric, he later served 
as director of engineering at 
Arrow-Hart and spent several 
years as a consultant to United 
Engineers and Consrructors 
before he retired. Powell mar- 
ried A. Muriel Wood in 1938. 
He had one son, who prede- 
ceased them. He was a member 
of Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Xi and 
Phi Gamma Delta. 

Richard F. Burke Jr. '38 of 

Worcester died Sept. 18, 2002. 
He leaves his wife, Louise 
(McNamee), two daughters, 
two sons, 10 grandchildren and 
five great-grandchildren. Burke 
was president and founder of 
Burke Engineering Associates. 
He was a 1978 recipient of the 
Herbert E Taylor Alumni 
Award for Distinguished Service 
to WPI and a founding member 
of Phi Kappa Theta. 

Frederick Esper '38 of Natick, 
Mass., died 
Dec. 22, 
2002. He is 
survived by 
his wife, 
Najla Ann 
AM (Abdelnour), 
two daughters, a son and three 
grandchildren. Esper was retired 
from Lois Berger Group as vice 
president of the New England 
office. He served as chief engi- 
neer on the design of several 
sections of Boston's South East 
Expressway and Central Artery 
in the 1950s and 1960s. 

Robert V. Karakoosh '38 of 


( onn.. died 

Nov. (>. 2002. 
bv his litsi 
wili Varcenig 
i fashjian), 

4 2 Transformatiom j Summer 2003 

he leaves his wife, Pauline 
(Manookian), two sons, a 
daughter, five grandchildren 
and a great-grandson. 
Karakoosh was a retired partner 
in Danjon Manufacturing 
Corp., a manufacturer of gun 
drills. He belonged to Lambda 
Chi Alpha. 

Albert J. LaPrade '38 of West 
Warwick, R.I., died Jan. 15, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Lorraine (Collette), a son and 
two daughters. LaPrade was a 
retired chemist who worked for 
Narragansett Electric Co. He 
earned his bachelor's degree 
from Clark University in 1939. 

John S. "Jack" Mudgett '38 of 

^F" ^,,, 


Mass., died 


Nov. 25, 
2002. He 
leaves his 


wife of 23 

Barbara (Baldwin). He was pre- 
deceased by his first wife, 
Barbara (Rogers), after 34 years 
of marriage. Mudgett worked 
for Strathmore Paper Co. for 44 
years and retired as chief engi- 
neer. He belonged to Phi Sigma 
Kappa, Tau Beta Pi, Skull and 
Sigma Xi. 

Paul H. Vaughan '38 of 

Conn., died 
Sept. 21, 
2002. He is 
survived by 
his wife, 

(Nurk), a daughter and five 
grandchildren. He was prede- 
ceased by a son. An electrical 
engineer, Vaughan spent his 
career with Combustion 
Engineering Inc. He pursued 
many projects after retirement, 
including gardening and the 
design and construction of a 
solar heating system for his 

Samuel A. Aaron '39 of 

Mass., died 
Jan. 6, 2003. 
A member of 
Sigma Xi, he 
received a 
degree from WPI in 1940. 
Aaron was a high school teacher 
in New York State for many 
years. Surviving family members 
include a sister, two nieces and 
a grandnephew. 

William R. Ahern '39 of 

Conn., died 
Oct. 29, 

2002. Pre- 
deceased by 
his wife, Rita 

he leaves two sons, two daugh- 
rers and six grandchildren. 
Ahern, who belonged to Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon, earned a master's 
degree in electrical engineering 
from WPI in 1941. A 38-year 
veteran of NBC, he retired as 
on-air technical manager. 

Norman A. Packard '39 of 

Mass., died 
March 16, 

2003. Wid- 
ower of the 
late Janet 

he leaves three sons, a daughter, 
10 grandchildren and 5 great- 
grandchildren. Packard retired 
in 1980 after a career in engi- 
neering management that 
included Walenat Inc., Stanley 
Tool Co., Roberr Shaw Controls, 
and Nautilus Corp. He 
belonged to Sigma Phi Epsilon 
and graduated from the School 
of Industrial Management in 
1960. Packard's WPI lineage 
includes his father, Ronald A. 
Packard, Class of 1908; his 
brorher, Donald R. Packard '42, 
who died last year; and his 
granddaughter, Sharon E. 
Taubenfeld '87. 

Fritz E. Johanson '40 of 

Mass., died 
May 1,2002. 
His wife, 
(Olson), sur- 
vives him. 
Johanson was retired from 
Norton Co. as international 
sales manager, with more than 
40 years of service. A former 
president of Tech Old Timers, 
he was honored with the 1990 
Herbert F. Taylor Alumni 
Award for Distinguished Service 

George M. Moore Jr. '40 of 

N.H., died 
Dec. 22, 
2002. His 
wife, Norma 
(Fraser), died 
in 2001. 
Moore was a rented electrical 
engineer who spent the last 19 
years of his career with Instru- 
mentations Laboratory Inc. He 
served on the Newton planning 
board and belonged ro the 

Cyril W. Tourtellotte '40 of 

East Walpole, Mass., died Dec. 
24, 2002, from injuries sus- 
tained in an automobile acci- 
dent two months earlier. He 
leaves his wife, Mary (Case), 
a daughter and rwo grandchil- 
dren. Tourrellotte was retired 
from MIT, where he served in 
the Radiation Laboratory dur- 
ing World War II, and later in 
rhe Laboratory for Nuclear 

Col. Graham T. Douglass '41 t 

U.S.M.C. (Ret.), died July 26, 
2002. A longtime resident of 
Southern Pines, N.C., he rerired 
from the military in 1966 and 
managed electric utilities for 
Carolina Power and Lighr Co., 
Pinehurst Inc. and Diamond- 
head. Survivors include his wife, 
Frances (Horgan), three daugh- 
ters, a son and three grandchil- 
dren. Douglass belonged to 
Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Harold R. Shailer Jr. '41 of 

Beach, Fla., 
died Jan. 1 1, 
2003. He 
leaves his 
wife of 
20 years, 
Virginia, a son, a daughter, a 
stepson, a stepdaughter, four 
step-grandchildren and three 
step-great-grandchildren. Shailer 
retired from Northeast Utilities 
as a manager after 35 years of 
service. He belonged to Phi 
Sigma Kappa. 

Allan Ramsay Jr. '42, a resi- 
dent of Branford, Conn., and 
Naples, Fla., died April 24, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Margaret (Fogerty), a daughter, 
two grandchildren and two 
great-grandchildren. Ramsay 
worked at Olin Corp. as an 
engineer for 31 years and retired 
in 1983. He belonged to Phi 
Gamma Delta and Tau Beta Pi. 

Victor Tolis '42 of Spencer, 
Mass., died Dec. 21, 2002. He 
is survived by his wife, Effie 
(Mocas), a son, a daughter, four 
grandchildren and six great- 
grandchildren. Tolis received a 
master's degree in education 
from Worcester State College. 
He served on the faculty of 
David Prouty Junior High 
School for 34 years and retired 
as principal in 1982. He 
belonged to Sigma Alpha 

John M. "Jack" Townsend '42 

^ "^« of Guilford, 
I Conn., 
I retired 
founder and 
chairman of 
died Oct. 30, 2002. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, Jeanette 
(Harrison), three sons and two 
grandchildren, and was prede- 
ceased by a daughrer. Townsend 
was a 1954 graduate of Rutgers 
University Graduate School of 
Marketing. He starred Algonquin 
Industries in 1968 and served as 

Trans ft 

or mat i on s 

| Summer 2003 43 

chairman and chief executive 
officer until his retirement 
1982. He was awarded several 
patents and received the Robert 
H. Goddard Alumni Award for 
Outstanding Professional 
Achievement in 1982. 

USAF Col. Paul G. Atkinson 

OJr. '43 (Ret.) of Valley Forge, 
Pa., died Oct. 1,2002. 
Surviving family members 
include his wife, Fairinda 
(Lamb), two sons, Paul G. 
Atkinson III '83 and John. D. 
Atkinson '83, and three daugh- 
ters. Atkinson was a graduate of 
the U.S. Military Academy at 
West Point. He also earned a 
master's degree in aerospace 
engineering from California 
Institute of Technology and an 
MBA from Ohio State 
University. He retired from the 
Air Force in 1972, after a dis- 
tinguished career in the 
Pentagon's rocket propulsion 
research laboratories. He was a 
member of Phi Gamma Delta 
and the Legion of Valor. 

Earl G. Page Jr. '43, retired 
chief executive officer of 
Grinnell Fire Protection 
Systems, Inc., died Nov. 15, 
2002. A longtime resident of 
Warwick, R.I., he and his wife, 
Joan (Moran), also had a home 
in Palm City, Fla. Other sur- 
vivors include his son Stephen 
C. Page 74, another son and 
two daughters. Page was instru- 
mental in the development of 
quick-reaction sprinkler sys- 
tems, earning special commen- 
dation from former President 
Ronald Reagan; he received the 
1983 Robert H. Goddard 
Alumni Award for Outstanding 
Professional Achievement. 

Donald M. Roun '43 of 

Casselberry, Fla., died Aug. 9, 
2002. A former national mar- 
keting manager for General 
Electric, he later managed the 
Home Products Division for 
Crane Co. He also owned a 
music store in Lexington, Mass. 
Roun is survived by his wife. 
Marcia, a son, three daughters 

and four grandchildren. He 
belonged to Theta Chi. 

Einar A. Eriksen '44 of Valley 
Stream, N.Y., 
died Aug. 8, 
2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Peggy 
(nee Eriksen), 
a son and 
two daughters. Eriksen was a 
retired manufacturing engineer- 
ing manager. In the early 1 960s 
he oversaw the design and 
installation of mechanical 
equipment in the first penicillin 
production facility in Korea. He 
later retired from Waldes Truarc, 
where he served as plant manag- 
er in charge of the production 
of Truarc retaining rings. He 
belonged to Alpha Tau Omega. 

David L. Haight '44 died July 
7, 2002, at his home in Briar- 
cliff Manor, N.Y. He was a co- 
founder of Haggerry Millwork 
Corp., which he ran for more 
than 50 years, retiring in 2001. 
He is survived by his wife, 
Elinor (Horning), two sons, a 
daughter, and four grandchil- 
dren. His son David died in 
1970. Haight belonged to 
Alpha Tau Omega. 

Daniel Koval '44, a former 

died Oct. 1, 
2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, June, 
rwo sons and 
two grandchildren. Koval 
earned a master's degree and 
a doctorate in mathematics at 
Boston University and taught 
at Atlantic Union College and 
Columbia Union College. He 
later moved to Angwin, Calif, 
to join the faculty of Pacific 
Union College, from which he 
retired in 1988. 

Earl J. Balkon '46 of Grand- 
ville, Mich., died March 28, 
2001. Surviving family mem- 
bers include his wile, Virginia, 
and five children. Balkon 
retired as general manager lor 

Resurrection Cemetery in 
Grand Rapids. 

George R. Morin Jr. '46 of 

Wells Beach, 
Maine, died 
Dec. 3, 
2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Patricia 
eight children and 17 grandchil- 
dren. Morin was retired from 
Green Mountain Metals Inc., 
which he founded in 1961 and 
sold in 1985. He remained 
active in the real estate market 
until his death. 

George C. Nylen '46 of 

N.Y., died 
Dec. 7, 

by his wife, 
S Joanne, he is 

survived by a son. Nylen was a 
.research engineer with Allied 
Chemical Corp. He belonged to 
Sigma Phi Epsilon, Tau Beta Pi 
and Sigma Xi. 

Henry J. Bove '47 of 
Havertown, Pa., died Nov. 2, 
2002. He is survived by his 
wife, Viola (Ferrigno), a son 
and three grandchildren. Bove 
was an expert in process design 
for the chemical and power 
industries. His career, which 
included 22 years with Day & 
Zimmerman and 25 years with 
United Engineers, focused on 
the design ot air pollution con- 
trol systems for coal-burning 
units. He retired in 1997 as vice 
president for project engineer- 
ing for Raytheon Engineers and 
Constructors, a former division 
of Raytheon. Bove was a mem- 
ber of Phi Kappa Theta, Pi 
Delta Epsilon, Sigma Xi and 
Ttu Beta Pi. 

Robert W. Dillard'49ol 
Harvard. Mass.. died M.iv 2~, 
2001. He leaves his wile, loan 
(Allen), a son. three daughters 
and (bur grandchildren. Dill.mi 
was .i purchasing agem fbi New 
I ngland Powei Sen ice ( o. I le 

previously worked for General 
Electric and Sylvania Co. 

Clifton C. Nickerson '49 of 

West Boylston, Mass., died 
Nov. 11, 2002. He leaves his 
wife, Catherine "Sandy" 
Nickerson, and three sons. 
Nickerson retired in 1998 as 
president and chief executive 
officer of Image Concepts 
Technologies, which he founded 
in 1985. He previously worked 
for Norton Co. and several 
other area companies. He 
belonged to Sigma Phi Epsilon. 

Albin O. Pearson '49 of Hayes, 
Va., died Oct. 23, 2002. He 
leaves his wife, Barbara, a son, 
two stepsons and a step-grand- 
son. Pearson's career with NASA 
was focused on regenerative life- 
support systems and remote 
sensing of water pollution. He 
authored 35 papers and held 
one patent. After retiring from 
NASA as head of the Marine 
Environments branch, he joined 
Bionetics Corp. and later retired 
as vice president of marketing 
and new business. He belonged 
to Alpha Tau Omega. 

Arthur W. Smith '49 of 

Harwich, Mass., died Oct. 30, 
2002. He was the widower of 
Geraldine (Farrey) and the 
father of two sons and a daugh- 
ter, who survive. Smith earned 
his bachelor's degree from Clark 
University-. He taught high 
school mathematics in 
Shrewsbury and Worcester. 

Donald W. Dodge '50 of 

Wilmington, Del., died July 7, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Bernice, a son, a daughter and 
four grandchildren. A longtime 
chemical engineer. Dodge 
earned a master's degree I mm 
WP1 in 1952 and a doctorate 
from the University of Dela- 
ware. He managed the develop- 
ment ot many key products lot 
DuPoni Co.. including Kapton, 
a product used in the Apollo 
lunar space modules, and other 
polymers. He belonged to l.ui 
Beta I't and Sigma Xi. 

44 Transformations | Summer 200 

Col. Frank W. Harding III 
'50, USAF (Ret.), died Aug. 1 1, 
2002, at his home in Irvine, 
Calif. An avid sailor, his adven- 
tures in the Caribbean were 
chronicled in Santana magazine 
and excerpted in the WPI 
Journal. Harding served in the 
Army during World War II, 
then served in the Air Force for 
30 years. After retiring from 
military service, he joined 
Rockwell Corp. as director of 
procurement tor aerospace proj- 
ects. A member of Phi Gamma 
Delta, he held an MBA from 
George Washington University 
and was a recipient of NASA's 
Silver Snoopy award. He leaves 
his wife, Diane, two sons and 
six grandchildren. He was pre- 
deceased by his first wife, Ann 
(Olsen), and two sons. 

Francis E. Kearney '50 of 

Mo., died 
Oct. 8, 
2002. He 
leaves his 
wife, Ruth 
(McTighe), a 
son, a daughter and four grand- 
children. Kearney earned an 
MBA at American International 
College in 1962. A longtime 
chemical engineer, he retired 
from Monsanto Co. in 1991 as 
director of production safety. 
He belonged to Phi Kappa 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of John R. 
Kendall '50 of Media, Pa., in 
1999. A membet of Lambda 
Chi Alpha, he worked for BMC 
Co. and Turner Construction Co. 

William F. Dewey Jr. '51 of 

Westmoreland, N.H., died Dec. 
8, 2002. He is survived by his 
wife, Elizabeth (Patrick), a 
daughter, four sons and four 
grandchildren. Dewey was a 
mechanical engineer for Wyman- 
Gordon and the founder of 
Dewey Associates. He belonged 
to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Edward C. Moroney Jr. '51 

died Nov. 19, 2002, at his 

home in Vienna, Va. His wife, 
Lorraine, survives. He was the 
father of Paul V. Moroney 79, 
three other sons and a daughter. 
He also leaves four grandchil- 
dren. Moroney was president 
and co-founder of Steele and 
Moroney Inc., from which he 
retired after 25 years. He previ- 
ously worked for the Depart- 
ment of Transportation and for 
Spencer, White and Prentiss, an' 
excavation firm. He belonged to 
Phi Kappa Theta. 

Dick van den Berge '51 of 

Windsor Locks, Conn., died 
Dec. 18, 2002. He emigrated 
from Holland after World War 
II and earned his bachelor's and 
master's degrees at WPI. Van 
den Berge was retired from 
Hamilton Standard, where he 
served as a senior analytical 
engineer. He is survived by his 
brother, Rudolph van den Berge 
'56, a sister, his nephew Robert 
Vozzola '80, and several other 
nephews and nieces. 

Edward G. Samolis '52 of 

Camillus, N.Y., died July 16, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Suzanne (Milazzo), two sons, 
two daughters and five grand- 
children. Samolis was retired 
from Robson Woese Consulting 
Engineers, where he headed the 
electrical department. He 
belonged to Phi Kappa Theta, 
Eta Kappa Nu, Tau Beta Pi, Pi 
Delta Epsilon and Skull. 

Walter E. Levine '53 of Port 
Huron, Mich., died Sept. 14, 
2002. He leaves his wife, 
Sharon, two sons and a daugh- 
ter. Levine was retired as man- 
ager of application equipment 
for Acheson Colloids Co. He 
belonged to Alpha Epsilon Pi. 

G. Raymond Polen '53 of 

Parsippany, N.J., died Sept. 2, 
2002. He is survived by his 
wife, Elizabeth (Perry), a son, a 
daughter and a granddaughter. 
Polen retired from Boonton 
Electronics as vice president of 
engineering in 1991, after 21 
years of service, then founded 
Raytronix Desk Top Publishing. 

He belonged to Sigma Phi 
Epsilon and Eta Kappa Nu. 

Raymond R Porter '53 of 

Canton, Ohio, died Jan. 9, 
2003, after a courageous battle 
with cancer. He leaves his wife, 
Nona, a son, two daughters and 
seven grandchildren. Porter 
earned his Ph.D. from the 
University of Rochestet in 
1958. His achievements as a 
research chemist included for- 
mulating rocket fuels, gas-proof 
fabrics for military uses, and 
specialized rubber to improve 
the safety of automobile tires. 
His employers included 
Degussa Corp., Acushnet Co. 
Research & Development 
Laboratory, and General 
Electric. Porter was the author 
of several technical articles and 
held more than 20 patents. 

Dale E. Westbrook '53 of 

Bowie, Md., died May 15, 
2001. A retired deputy chief 
of hydrographic surveys for 
the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration's 
National Ocean Survey, he 
married Ellen Rasmussen in 
1956 and had three sons. He 
belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

Elmer M. "El" Corujo '54 

of Marco 
Island, Fla., 
died Dec. 
10,2001. He 
leaves his 
wife, Patricia, 
two sons, 
three daughters and several 
grandchildren. Corujo was 
director of Latin American 
operations for Harris Corp. He 
belonged to Phi Gamma Delta 
and Skull. 

Allan J. Costantin '54 of 

Cincinnati died Aug. 23, 2002. 
He was a sales and matketing 
manager with Crown Cork & 
Seal Co. A member of Phi 
Kappa Theta, Costantin earned 
an MBA from Rutgers Univer- 
sity. He is survived by his wife, 
Em, four sons, two daughters 
and 1 1 grandchildren. 

Robert W. Fish '54 of 

Ala., died 
May 27, 
2002. He 
leaves his 

Dolores, five 
children, 10 grandchildren and 
two great-grandchildren. He 
was the brother of Leonard W 
Fish '49, who survives, along 
with another brother Robert 
Fish served in the U.S. Army 
Corps of Engineers. He spent 
his career with U.S. Steel and 
retired as a senior wire rope and 
specialist engineer. He later 
served as a consultant to 
Thomas Contactors. He 
belonged to Theta Chi and 
played varsity football. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of Robert B. 
Brodie'55in 1999. A 1962 
graduate of New York Law 
School, he also held a master's 
degree in electrical engineering 
from New Jersey Institute of 
Technology. Brodie served as a 
patent attorney for Western 
Electric, Raytheon and IBM. 
He and his wife, Edith 
(Malone), relocated to San Jose, 
Calif, in the 1970s. 

James H. Colton '56 of 

Raymond, N.H., died Nov. 1, 
200 1 . His wife, Linda, a daugh- 
ter and a grandchild survive. 
Colton served as plumber and 
mechanic at Phillips Exeter 
Academy for 30 years, where he 
was known as the "bearded elf" 
who could fix just about any- 
thing. A Korean War veteran, 
he learned to speak Hindi while 
on assignment with the Peace 
Corps in India. 

James H. Brigham '57 (SIM) 

of Northborough, Mass., died 
Oct. 25, 2002, at the age of 80. 
A 1943 graduate of Northeast- 
ern University, he worked at 
Bay State Abrasives for 44 years 
and retired in 1987 as sales and 
marketing manager. Predeceased 
by his wife, Barbara (Libbey), 
he leaves two sons, a daughter 
and five grandchildren. 

Trans ft 

or ma t ion s 

| Summer 2003 45 

Charles H. Kelsey Jr. '57 of 

Berlin, Mass., died Nov. 2, 
200 1 . He earned a masrer's 
degree at Northeastern 
University and was a self- 
employed consulting engineer. 
His wife, Nancy, survives. 

James P. Ricardi '58 (SIM), 

Oage 79, died Sept. 24, 2002, at 
his home in West Boylston, 
after a long battle with cancer. 
He leaves his wife, Lorraine 
(St. Andre), two sons and five 
grandchildren. Ricardi was re- 
tired as plant manager for James 
Monroe Wire and Cable Co. 

Transformations recently learned 
of the death of James M. 
Lawson '59 (SIM) of Rochdale, 
Mass., in 2000. He was presi- 
dent and director of O. S. 
Walker Co. He and his wife, 
Marion, had four children. 

Fred W. Kloiber '60 of Hilron 
Head Island, S.C., died Nov. 
19, 2001. He leaves his wife, 
Rosemary, and two daughters. 
Kloiber was retired from 
Norden Systems, where he 
worked as a project engineer. 
He belonged to Sigma Xi, Tau 
Beta Pi and Eta Kappa Nu. 

Glendon C. Home '62 (SIM) 
of Westborough, Mass., died 
Ocr. 20, 2002, at the age of 81. 
He leaves his wife, Dorothy 
(Dutcher), and several nieces 
and nephews. Home worked for 
Leland-Gifford Co. for 41 years 
and retired as director of pur- 
chasing and traffic. He later 
worked ar Lindco as a purchas- 
ing agent for five years. Along 
with his wife, Home operated 
the Hornet's Nest antique shop 
for 12 years. 

Howard W. Milke '64 (MNS) 
of Ogunquit, Maine, died 
June 11,2002. He was 81. 
A graduate of Johns Hopkins 
University, he was a retired 
research engineer for GTE 
Sylvania. Surviving family 
members include his wife, Jean 
(Hatch), a son, two daughters, 
and seven grandchildren. 

Rollin K. Corwin '65 of 

Houston, Texas, died Jan. 5, 
2003, after a battle with lung 
cancer. He worked in rhe power 
utility industry before srarting 
HiCor, a ceiling fan business, in 
the early 1970s. The fans, man- 
ufactured in Houston, Taiwan 
and Hong Kong, became a pop- 
ular during the energy shortages 
of that era. A member of Phi 
Gamma Delta, Corwin is sur- 
vived by his wife, Patricia 
(McGrady), and two sons. 

Transfo7~mations recently learned 
of the death of George T. 
"Jud" Oldham '65 in 2000. A 
U.S. Air Force veteran, he was 
a pilor for Pacific Southwest 
Airlines and U.S. Air. Oldham 
and his wife, Lorraine, lived in 
Poway, Calif. He belonged to 
Sigma Phi Epsilon. 

Stephen J. Formica '66 of 

Bernardsville, N.J., died Jan. 8, 
2002. He is survived by his 
wife, Patricia, a son and a 
daughter. Formica held a mas- 
ter's degree in operations 
research from Cornell Univer- 
sity and an MBA from Fairleigh 
Dickenson University. He 
worked for Millenium Corp. 
and had previously worked for 
AT&T Network Systems and 
Bell Labs. He belonged to Phi 
Kappa Theta, Tau Beta Pi and 
Et Kappa Nu. 

Wallace P. Fini '67 of San 

Diego died 
May 4, 2003. 

A Navy 

veteran, he 
retired with 
the rank of 
and joined Life Cycle Engineer- 
ing as a program manager. 
Surviving family members 
include a son and a daughter. 
He belonged to Pi Delta 
Epsilon and Alpha Psi Omega. 

George N. Shepard '68 of 
Cumming, Ga., died March 20. 
2002. He lews his wife. 
Kathleen, two sons, four daugh- 
ters and six grandchildren. 

Shepard worked for The 
Foxboro Company and later 
joined Georgia Power. 

Stephen I. Zuckerman '69 

of Washington, D.C., died Sept. 
9, 2002. A longtime self- 
employed computer consultant 
and contractor, he later worked 
for Verizon. In 1982, he mar- 
ried Theresa (Stranges) of Rio 
de Janeiro, Brazil, who survives. 
The couple visited Brazil yearly, 
where Zuckerman learned 
Portuguese and made many 
friends. He belonged to Alpha 
Psi Omega. 

William P. Hanley '72 (SIM) 
of Framingham, Mass., died 
Nov. 20, 2002, at the age of 79. 
Predeceased by his wife, Jean 
(DelPrete), he leaves a son, a 
daughter, and a granddaughter. 
Hanley was a controller for the 
former Worcesrer Gas & Light 
Co. for 40 years. 

Paul H. Clark '73 of 

• Westborough, Mass., died Jan. 
19, 2003. He worked for 
Digital Equipment Corp. and, 
later, 3Com Corp. Clark 
belonged to Phi Gamma Delta. 
Surviving family members 
include his mother, a sister, a 
niece and a nephew. 

Gary J. Velozo '74 of Somerset, 
Mass., died Aug. 16, 2002. He 
leaves his wife, Janice (Ellsworth), 
a son, a daughter, two stepsons 
and four grandchildren. Velozo 
was a senior engineer at Polaroid 
Corp., where he had worked 
since 1978. He belonged to 
Alpha Tau Omega and Pi Tau 

James A. Rudolph '79 of 

Stoneham, Mass., died April 2. 
2002. He leaves his partner, 
Harold Harder, his mother and 
two brothers. Rudolph was an 
engineer at Gillette, and previ- 
ously worked for High Voltage 
Engineering. I le enjoyed col- 
lecting and restoring old cars. 

Craig R. Abraham '81 of 

Ashland, Mass., died Sept. 20. 
2002. Diagnosed with leukemia 

in July 2001, he succumbed to 
complications of a bone mar- 
row transplanr. He leaves his 
wife, Louise (Joyce), and three 
sons. Abraham earned an MBA 
at Babson College in 1989. He 
joined Stratus Computer in 
1988, where he continued 
while the company evolved into 
Ascend Co., Lucent Technolo- 
gies and most recently DNCP 

Felix J. Kokernak '81 (PLE) 

of Grafton, Mass., died July 12, 
2001, at the age of 76. He 
earned a certificate in Plant 
Engineering from WPI in 
1981. He leaves his wife, Irene 
(Bianchi), two sons, a daughter, 
two grandchildren and four 
great-grandchildren. Kokernak 
was a retired electrician and a 
member of the International 
Brotherhood of Electricians. 

Richard Maryyanek '94 (SIM) 
of Northbtidge, Mass., died 
Nov. 18, 2002, after being 
stricken ill at home. He was 64. 
His wife, the former Eleanor 
Whitney, died two weeks earli- 
er. A daughter, a son and a 
granddaughter survive. 
Maryyanek was a retired senior 
product engineer who worked 
at Cabot Safety Corp., formerly 
American Optical Co., for 40 

46 I r,t?is formations \ Summer 2003 

Fast Company 

Continued from page 31 

Things took off from there. Within a few years, Chalke 
began marketing his home-grown software directly to financial 
institutions, so they could design their own products. He 
ultimately built the company to nearly $14 million in revenue 
and around 100 employees before merging it with another 
similar company and then taking the combined entity public 
in the spring of 1996 — right in the middle of the tech boom. 
Speed is good, but timing is even better. 

Chalke stayed on for about a year after it went public 
before leaving to start his second company, AnnuityNet. This 
time there was no need to start 
up on a shoestring, and he 
raised about $40 million in 
venture capital for the dot-com, 
which intended to build the 
technical platform to sell 
annuities (a specialized type 
of mutual fund) direct to 
consumers over the Internet, 
reducing investment costs much 
as companies like ETrade did 
with stocks. "Annuities have 
the highest commissions in the 
industry," Chalke says. His 
direct-sales model aimed to 
save investors money by helping 
them to avoid those steep 

"It took me two years to 
prove that that couldn't be 
done," he says with a laugh. 
"I said, 'The world shouldn't 
be this way.' Well, it is. We had 
good technology, but people 
didn't want it." With the 
company going nowhere and 
the dot-com bubble bursting, 
Chalke changed the business 
model in 2000. 

He couldn't do anything about the commissions, but there 
was another problem he could solve: "All the companies selling 
annuities were doing it with big stacks of forms and Bic pens," 
Chalke says. "Very out of date." AnnuityNet's new business 
model was to provide order exchange to the brokers, 
automating their processes. The reformulated strategy was 
a near-instant hit, and the company's 45 customers now 
constitute approximately 40 percent of the annuity market. 

"The lesson I keep learning over and over again is that you 
have to be totally without hesitation to nuke your business 

AnnuityNet recently merged with Wachovia Insurance Agency, Inc.; Chalke, 
shown here at his home, will remain as president and CEO of AnnuityNet. 

model if it's not working fast," Shane says. "I probably should 
have done it even quicker. But inventors like what they invent. 
The attitude — mine included — is 'the world's not smart 
enough for me.'" 

Chalke is smart, all right, and what's more, he's got style. 
His various collections showcase his preference for uniqueness 
over simply the latest and greatest. His Maserati is a 1977 Bora, 
a limited edition that he readily admits he bought because it 
was the car he lusted after as a teenager. Shane's motorcycle 
collection includes a Rokon Trailblazer, a civilian version of 

a military bike designed for 
desert operations, which he put 
to good use during Virginia's 
recent snowy winter to tow his 
daughters, Priscilla and Jillian, 
back up snow-covered hills 
after sledding. He also owns a 
rare MV Agusta that he bought 
from a museum in Tokyo, a 
"one of a kind" bike with, as 
he puts it, a "colorful but 
unverified history." And some 
of his interesting items are 
biological, not mechanical: 
Nikita, a rare and brilliandy 
colored Hyacinth macaw, holds 
court in the kitchen, and a 
pair of peacocks strut in the 

Variety — whether in his 
hobbies or pets or business 
moves — is clearly something 
that appeals to him. Chalke 
admits that despite Annuity- 
Net's success — or maybe more 
accurately because of it — he'll 
soon enough be ready to try 
something else; he needs to 
scratch the startup itch again, 
to fly by the seat of his pants once more in a fast-paced 

His biggest task, however, will be living up to a promise 
he made to his wife, Monique: that he'd take a year off after 
AnnuityNet. What will keep his motor running during a year 
without work? "I don't know. Something. I can't imagine just 
sequestering myself in my garage playing with motorcycles in 
the day and playing jazz at night... actually, wait a minute, that 
sounds pretty good!" One thing's for sure: when the time 
comes, you can bet he'll think of something. Fast. 

Trans fo 

rmati o ns 

Su j 

2003 47 

Time Machine 

William R. Grogan '46 

The Worcester Twister 

Fifty years ago a tornado wreaked havoc on Worcester County. Some of us will never forget. 

At four o'clock in the afternoon of June 9, 1953, the WPI faculty 
entered Boynton Hall for its last meeting of the year. Professor 
Francis J. Adams of the Electrical Engineering Department, secretary 
of the faculty, took attendance, as he always did, entirely from 
memory. Physics professor Ralph Heller arrived late, as he always did, 
and apologized profusely. The business was conducted efficiently 
since there was little voting in those days. Who in that secure setting 
could have imagined that within the hour many of their homes 
would be destroyed — and many of their lives changed forever? 

At 4:55 p.m. the sky suddenly grew dark and the fourth deadliest 
tornado in American hisrory bore down on the town of Holden, just 
north of Worcester. The twister was extremely powerful and reached 
a width of one-half mile. Fifteen minutes later it entered the city of 

Gary. The house began to shake violently, the windows blew out 
and the side of the house buckled. With Gary in her arms she rushed 
to the enclosed stairway to avoid flying glass. This is where Charlie 
and fellow coach Merl Norcross found them, over an hour later. 
Marianne's older son, Chipper, 8, was visiting a friend down the 
street. The mother of Chipper's friend had put both boys behind the 
sofa and lay on rop of them. They escaped harm, but just across the 
street two children were nor so lucky. They perished in the wake of 
the twister. 

With WPI students already gone for the summer, Sanford Riley 
Hall was empty. It was quickly pressed into service as a shelter. A 
doctor and a few nurses staffed the makeshift hospital and neighbots 
brought sheets, blankets and coffee. All through the night, National 

iu;i^ '".'l 

>i m|;i 7 ''.'•• J^fhig<.., m 

In June of 1953, the Worcester tornado claimed the lives of 94, including several faculty members at Assumption College, now Quinsigamond Community 
College, making it the fourth deadliest twister in U.S. history. The Burncoat Street area was also severely hit. 

Worcester at Brattle Street. In just moments it ravaged Norton 
Company, then headed for Assumption College (now Quinsigamond 
Community College). The campus was reduced to rubble and several 
faculty members were killed. 

The funnel moved to the Burncoat Street area, then entered 
Great Brook Valley, which at the time was a low-cost housing project 
for WWII veterans and their families. Many children lived there — 
and many children died there that fateful day. 

As clapboards, roofing shingles, letters and bank checks from the 
Worcester area rained onto the streets ot Wcllcslcy and Quincy 35 
miles to the east, the Boston weather bureau issued the first tornado 
warning in New England's history. It was 5:45 p.m. 

Many Wl'l (acuity and stall who lived in the affected areas lost 
their homes. Marianne McNultv, wife oi the late WPI coach Charlie 
McNulty. vividly recalls being home alone with her 2-year-old son. 

Guard trucks deposited victims at the door, while ambulances 
howled endlessly throughout the city. 

1 spent the night at Sanford Riley recording who was there 
and an estimate of their condition lor the local radio stations. 
Meanwhile, students ran the information over to Professor Hobart 
Newell at WPI's ham station, W1YK. to be relayed to frantic 
relatives across the country. 

Since the National Guard was occupying Alden Memorial 
Auditorium. WPI's commencement was held outside for the first 
time. On June 13. graduation ceremonies lor the < liss ol 1953 took 

place on the football held. Amid the pomp and circumst.iiKc it was 
hard to imagine that just live days earlier a great storm had ravaged 
Worcester County, Fifty years later, the memories ol |une 9, 19 
though laded — remain vivid to mam. 

4 8 Irani formations \ Summer 2003 

Graduate Program 

Earn a master's or graduate 

certificate in one of more than 

50 programs, on a full- or part-time 

basis, at WPI's Worcester, Waltham 

or Southborough campuses, or 

through distance learning. Contact 


Graduate Management 

VPI offers one of the nation's leading 

ihigh-tech MBAs as well as master's 

and graduate certificate programs 

focused on the management of 

I technology. Contact 508-831 -521 8 


Continuing and 
Professional Education 

More than 60 seminars and 

certificate programs, including 

Information Technology, Project 

Management Development and 

Quality Improvement (Six Sigma), 

are offered in Southborough, 

Waltham and Chelmsford. 

Contact 508-480-8202 


Advanced Distance 
Learning Network 

Complete a graduate certificate or 

master's degree when and where it 

fits into your life. Programs vary 

rom Wireless Communications and 

Environmental Engineering to Fire 

Protection Engineering and our 

technology MBA. Contact 

508-831-5220 or 

Corporate Education 

'*IPI customizes graduate educational 
programs in response to corporate 
eeds. On-site and accelerated pro- 
grams are created for corporations 
throughout the world. Contact 
508-831-6789 or e-mail 

WPI's graduate and 

continuing education 

programs open doors to 

today's rapidly changing 
global marketplace. 

kY/TWT-Tni rra n 

WPI Alumni 
Never Change Their Stripes 

Come Back to Where You Always Belong 

Homecoming 2003 

October 10-11 


Alumni and Friends Fly-In 
Athletic Hall of Fame Induction 
Class of 2003 Reunion Activities 


Varsity Football vs. Norwich 

Parade of Floats 

Class Boards of Directors Meeting 

Freshman/Sophomore Rope Pull 

Reunions: Classes of '88, '93, '98 and '0 

For mere information, contact 
the Office of Alumni Relations 
at 508-831-5600 or, or visit Alumni. 


S27 P1 

III......II.M..II...I.I,..,!,I„.II,„IIII I, II!,,. In I, I 

I he University ,>l 

Science and Technology. 

Aiul I ifd 

FALL 2 003 



WPI and the Century of Powered Flight 

What Goes Up Must Come Down 

Robert Rodier '51 

The Unfriendly Skies 

Hie future of air-based defense 

Why I Fly 

Maj. Stacey Bonasso '90 

I Profiles in Giving 

On Building Technological Leadership 

Leading Avaya, which designs, builds and manages 
communications networks for more than one million 
businesses worldwide, WPI alumnus and trustee Don 
Peterson '71 has a unique understanding of WPI's need to 
keep technologically current and competitive. This insight 
led Peterson to support the donation of networking 
equipment and wiring that enabled the university to 
support gigabit speed for all its individual users. 

"It has been rewarding to help WPI create one of the 
most advanced university computer networks in New 
England," Peterson says. "And, by helping WPI offer a 
cutting-edge education, we help enable the university to 
prepare the innovators and leaders that our company 
and our society will need in the years ahead." 

WPI's network is critical not only to its mission of 
research and education, but also for day-to-day operations, 

Donald K. Peterson '71 

Chairman and CEO: Avaya Inc., Basking Ridge, N.J. 
Gift Arrangement: Corporate Gift-in-Kind 

a key consideration in the aggressive three-year upgrade of 
the campuswide networking infrastructure. 

"I am fortunate to lead a company that values quality 
education and is willing to invest in the institutions that 
provide tomorrow's technological leaders," Peterson says. 
"Of course, these gifts benefit Avaya as well. We now enjoy 
enhanced visibility on campus. The students who use this 
equipment today may be our customers — or our leaders — 

The Right Connection: Building a 
Corporate Partnership With WPI 

Do you work for a company that might want to make 
such a "gift-in-kind" — a gift of company-manufactured 
equipment or software — to WPI? Would your company 
be interested in investing in other programs, from research 
to scholarships to outreach programs? WPI's Office of 
Corporate Relations would be happy to work with you and 
your corporation to make gifts and build relationships. 

Relationships between WPI and corporations benefit 
both partners. Companies recruit talent on campus, retrain 
employees with WPI's on- and off-site programs, and 
further research and development using the university's 
students, faculty and facilities. Together with corporations, 
WPI helps build the pipeline of engineering and science 
students, especially women students and students at color. 
The Office of Corporate Relations is ready to help your 
company build a valuable relationship with WPI today. 

If you would like to join Don Peterson and the many others who support WPI 

through building partnerships between their employer and the university, please contact 

Denise Rodino, executive director of corporate relations, at 508-83 1 -5607 or 

Alumni Association Calendar 


Dec. 3 WPI Holiday Concert 

Worcester Alumni Club members gather for a holiday celebration. 
Reception, Higgins House, 6 p.m.; concert, Alden Memorial, 
7:30 p.m.** 

Dec. 1 Tech Old Timers 

Holiday music performance. Odeum, Campus Center; coffee at 
9:45 a.m., meeting at 10:30. Lunch available immediately 
following program. ** 


Jan. 1 4 Tech Old Timers 

A Peace Corps experience in Siberia. Odeum, Campus Center; 
coffee at 9:45 a.m., meeting at 10:30. Lunch available immediately 
following program. ** 

Jan. 14, 21 & 28 Technologies That Are Changing 
Our World 

Speaker series featuring WPI faculty. Cahners Theatre, Boston 
Museum of Science, Science Park, Boston, 7 to 8:30 p.m., free. 
For more information, 617-589-0419 or 

Jan. 1 7 Second Annual Young Alumni Winter Social 

Owen O'Leary's Restaurant, Framingham, 8 to 1 1 p.m. 
$ 1 at the door. * 

Feb. 3-4 FORUM 2004: The WPI China Connection 

WPI alumni and friends present workshops on conducting business in 
the Far East. SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Ave., Menlo Park, 
Calif. For information, 508-831-6024 or 

Feb. 4 Greater Boston Alumni Club 

GOLD Council sponsors Alan Glou on "It's Not Who You Know, 
It's Who Knows You." Westin Hotel, Waltham, Mass., 6:30 to 
8:30 p.m. $15.** 

Feb. 1 1 Tech Old Timers 

WPI "Down Under"— an Australian experience, as told by three 
students from the Class of 2004. Odeum, Campus Center, coffee at 
9:45 a.m., meeting at 10:30. Lunch available immediately following 
program. ** 

March 1 Florida Social 

Sunshine State alums gather to socialize. The Provence, Naples, 
5:30 to 8 p.m. 

March 6 Alumni Leadership Council Meeting 

Odeum, Campus Center, 8:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. * 

March 1 Tech Old Timers 

"A Bird's Eye View of Worcester: A History As Told Through Its 
Buildings," with Elizabeth Bacon, education director for Preservation 
Worcester. Odeum, Campus Center, coffee at 9:45 a.m., meeting at 
10:30. Lunch available immediately following program. ** 

March 20 Cats Matinee 

Join WPI alumni at a special performance of this classic 
Broadway musical. The Bushnell, Hartford, Conn., 2 p.m. Orchestra 
seats $42.75.* 

April 7 Tech Old Timers 

Heifer Project International. Odeum, Campus Center, 
coffee at 9:45 a.m., meeting at 10:30. Lunch 
available immediately following program. ** 

April 1 2 Traditions Day 

See the campus by candlelight during the 
Candlewalk, a guided four led by Student Alumni 
Society members the evening of April 1 1 . April 1 2 
is a daylong celebration of WPI traditions, 
including history exhibits, Pennant Rush, Cageball 
event, Alma Mater Contest and WPI Jeopardy. 

May 1 2 Tech Old Timers Ladies Day 

Historic papers signed by the famous and 
infamous. Odeum, Campus Center; coffee at 
9:45 a.m., meeting at 10:30. Lunch available 
immediately following program. ** 

May 22 Commencement 

June 10-13 Reunion Weekend 

Even if it's not your reunion year, you're invited 
to check out the fun and informative workshops 
offered as part of the Alumni College. ** 

June 28 WPI Alumni Golf Tournament 

Elmcrest Country Club, 105 Somersville Rd., 
East Longmeadow, Mass. * 

July 24 Resorts of the Rockies 

This trip heralds the resurrection of the Alumni 
Travel Program! Join a 1 2-day tour of the 
Canadian Rockies, from Banff to Vancouver. 
$2,649 per person, includes round-trip airfare 
from Boston. For further infor-mation, contact 
Rosenlund Travel Service at 

October 1 Canyon Country 

See the best of the West on a nine-day tour, from 
the Grand Canyon and Las Vegas to Monument 
Valley. $1,949 per person, includes round-trip 
airfare from Boston. For further information, contact 
Rosenlund Travel Service at 508-791-2337. 

October 8-9 Homecoming 2004 

Football, soccer games, barbecue, rope pull, 
family carnival, and more. * 

ip 8 

* Contact 508-831-5600 or 
** Contact 508-831-5600 or alumni 

L U M E 1 


FALL 2 00 3 




1 2 Information Please: A Search Engine 
With Soul 

Jim Baum '87 is leading a revolution that changes the very way we organize 
and access information online. By Eileen McCluskey 

Special Section: 100 Years of Powered Flight 
1 6 Many Small Steps, One Giant Leap 

An introduction to WPI's role in aviation and a timeline that chronicles 
100 years of innovation. By Michael W. Dorsey 

1 8 What Goes Up Must Come Down 

From Apollo parachutes to pilot ejection systems, Robert Rodier '51 has 
engineered many soft landings. By Amy Spielberg 

22 The Unfriendly Skies 

WPI alumni are helping build costly air-based defense systems that can think, 
see and fight like never before. By Wendy Wolfson 

27 The Next 1 00 Years 

From spacecraft propulsion to nanosatellites, WPI faculty and students are 
helping shape the next century of aviation. By Eileen McCluskey 

32 Why I Fly 

F-16 pilot Maj. Stacey (Cotton) Bonasso '90 tells us what keeps 
her reaching ever higher. 

On the Cover: Maj. David P. Smilh '89 stands under the massive 
engine of a C-5 cargo plane. He was a ROTC cadel at WPI and 
he studied aerospace in the Mechanical Engineering Department. 
After graduation he was commissioned in the Air Force and flew 
passenger and cargo planes for 1 years, and later, commercial 
jets for American Airlines. Now a reservist with the 337th at 
Weslover Air Force Base in Chicopee, Mass., he recently flew to 
Turkey, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait and Baghdad on missions to support 
operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. He lives in 
Worcester with his wife, Morgan, and their three children 

4 Campus Buzz 

' 48 Ti 

Time M 

4/5/6 Campus Buzz 

Marketing campaign milestones; President Parrish to depart. 

34/35 Alumni Connections 

The annual Legacy Lunch strengthens family ties to WPI. 

7 A Few Words 

Sheila Widnall, MIT professor of aerodynamics, former 
secretary of the Air Force, and member of the Columbia 
shuttle accident investigation board, on women's 
changing roles in science and the military. 

8 Explorations: Costa Rica Calling 

Can we really widen a student's worldview and make the 
world a better place in just 14 weeks? By Carol Cambo 

36 Class Notes 
48 Time Machine 

Of Hardware and History: Scott Ashton '92 helps pilot 
the New England Air Museum. 

On the Web 

The conversation doesn't end here. Be sure to check out the online edition of the 
Fall 2003 Transformations, where you'll find extra features and links related to the 
stories in this issue. While you're online, send us your news, write a letter to the 
editor, or chat with fellow WPI grads in the Alumni Cafe. 

Staff: Director of Communications: Michael W. Dorsey; Editor: Carol Cambo; Alumni News Editor: Joan Killough- 
Miller; Design Director: Michael J. Sherman; Design: re:design pascal; Production Manager: Bonnie McCrea; 
Production Maven: Peggy Isaacson; Department Icons: Art Guy Studios. 

Alumni Communications Committee: Robert C. labonte '54, chairman; Kimberly A. (Lemoi| Bowers '90, 
James S. Demetry '58, William J. Firla Jr. '60, William R. Grogan '46, Amy L. (Plack) Marr '96, 
Roger N. Perry Jr. '45, Harlan B. Williams '50. 

Transformations (ISSN 1538-5094), formerly the WPI Journal, is published four times a year in February, 
May, August and November for the WPI Alumni Association by University Marketing. 
Printed in USA by Mercantile/Image Press. 

Diverse views presented in this magazine do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or official WPI policies. We welcome letters to the editor. Address correspondence to the Editor, 
Transformations, WPI, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 016092280. Phone: 508-831-6037; Fax: 508-831-5820; e-mail:; Web: 
Periodical postage paid at Worcester, Mass., and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: please send address changes to address above. Entire contents © 2003, Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 

The University of 
Science and Technology. 
And Life., 


Branding Campaign Hits Its Stride 



you just made 

your first discovery. 

WPl is one of a select number of universities where todays 
leading science and technology companies choose to recruit. 

EMCTcradyoc Enon-Mobu. GE. Abbott Laboratories. 

I bey don't come to Worcester Polyrechn k Imnruir just for our beautiful campus. 

Or foi a burger and Frio at the historic Boulevard Diner. They come became 

our cumculum combines theory with practice and coniineniK produces 

well-rounded, field-tested graduates who are prepared to make an 

impact right away. Discover more, including why so many WPl students 

go on to study ar the country's most prestigious graduate sdnnls. 

Visit us today a 


".rMTPiniv=«f jjyfiii-s^^. 

If you think you've been hearing 
more about WPl lately, you're 
right. If you tuned in anywhere 
in central New England this fall, 
you likely caught sight of the 
WPl television commercial. 
And drivers on Institute Road 
are now greeted by sleek new 
campus signs planted on the 
hillsides. These are just two of 
the noticeable benchmarks of 
the university's marketing cam- 
paign, now in its second year. 

"Anecdotally, we know there's a 
growing buzz about WPl," says 
George Flett, associate vice 
president of marketing. "But 
even better, the numbers prove 
it. For instance, awareness of 
WPl among parents of prospec- 
tive students in Hartford and 
New Haven, Conn., has 
jumped nearly 20 percent." 

Many of the program's early 
components reach out to parents 
and others who influence students 
currently shopping for colleges. 
In addition to the flight of TV 
commercials that recently ran in 
the Boston, Hartford and New 
Haven markets, WPl launched 
a banner ad on a key national 
college Web site and placed a 
■^ full-page ad in U.S. News & 
World Report's America's Best 
Colleges 2004, the most widely 
used college guidebook. These 
ads coincided with WPI's rating 
of No. 55- overall on U.S. 
News' all-important annual list 
of top national universities. "We 
designed the ads to achieve 
greater national awareness by 
focusing on the success of our 
students, with a goal of driving 
readers to our admissions Web 
site," explains Flett. 

▼ The all-new admissions 
Web site, that is. Tara Myers, 
director of e-marketing at WPl, 
the Web Development Office, 
and members of the Office of 
Admissions worked with the 
internationally acclaimed 
New York-based design firm 
EuroRSCG Circle to revamp 

the university's undergraduate 
admissions portal to be more 
student-friendly. The catch 
phrase "You are different . . . 
and being different allows you 
to make a difference" sets the 
tone for the site and highlights 
how a WPl education allows 
students to make a difference in 
the world. The site now features 
live chats, links to videos of 
WPI's global project program, 
and plenty of cross-referencing 
so visitors don't lose access 
to information once they've 
clicked down a particular path. 

Also this past summer, WPI's 
Venice Project Center became 
a media darling. The August 
issue of Wired magazine 
included a story about the 
massive floodgate project in 
Venice, titled "The Lost City 
of Venice." Global program 
manager Fabio Carrera was 
quoted liberally about WPI's 
Venice project center. New 
England Cable News picked 
up on the story and interviewed 
WPl professors and students 
about the work being done in 
the threatened Italian city. 


Trst UnrrcattT o4 
Science ind lethnoicgv 
And life.. 

Undergraduate Programs & 

Apply Now Request Information Chat 

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4 Transformation! \ Fall 2005 

A Boston public television 
viewers got an eyeful of WPl in 
late August when 47 students 
and members of the faculty and 
administration volunteered on a 
Tuesday evening to help WGBH 
during its pledge drive. The 
telephone brigade received 
nearly 400 pledges and raised 
awareness of WPl among 
consumers who already support 
educational programming. 


▼ Closer to home, the new 
campus signs are a striking 
symbol of change. Trimmed in 
brushed aluminum and mounted 
on granite — a blend of modern 
materials and traditional stone, 
like that found across campus — 
the bright crimson signs bear the 
redesigned logo. In late August it 
was neck and neck: who would 
arrive first— the new students or 
the new signs? The Chelmsford 
granite for the sign bases was 
delayed because it was a small 
custom order. With just hours 
to spare, the grounds crew 
mounted the new signs in time 
for the start of the school year. 

President Parrish 
Announces Departure 

In September, President Edward Alton Parrish announced to the 
WPI community his plan to retire from his post June 30, 2004. 

"I have long held the view that one should not serve in an administrative position for longer than 
10 years, so that new ideas about old problems will be more likely to surface. I am now entering my 
ninth year as president of WPI, so this will be the appropriate year for me to retire," wrote Parrish in 
a September letter. "Furthermore, the completion of a major capital campaign is a perfect time for a 
university to find new leadership." 

A search committee has been formed and the process of finding a successor to President Parrish is under 
way. In the spring 2004 issue of Transformations, look for a feature story recapping Ed Parrish's tenure. 

Spring Groundbreaking Expected 
for New Admissions 

For years WPI has wrestled with the need to provide new and expanded space for undergraduate 
admissions and financial aid, and to create additional on-campus parking. A new plan, endorsed 
by the Board of Trustees, solves these two major problems and goes one step further: it calls for 
re-greening the Quadrangle. 

In approximately two years WPI will have a new admissions building, an underground parking garage, 
and an expanded vehicle-free Quad. Thanks to a generous gift from a WPI graduate and his wife, 
construction on the new admissions building begins in late spring 2004. The university hired Boston- 
based CBT Architects to design a building for the east end of the Quad, between Sanford Riley Hall 
and Alumni Gymnasium, where admissions visitor parking is currently located. From here, visitors will 
have easy access to the Campus Center, academic buildings, residence halls and the athletic facilities. 

The parking issue will be tackled as part of the $25 million project. This past summer engineers began 
taking core samples to determine the feasibility of constructing a parking garage for 500 vehicles 
beneath the Quad. That would allow for an expanded green space on top. "The plan calls for the 
planting of new trees and no parking at all, just a small service road," explains Steve Hebert, treasurer. 
The bricks bearing names of donors that make up the current walkway across the Quad will be 
incorporated into the new design. 

The hope is that construction will, at most, last a year to 15 months. An interim plan to accommodate the 

parking needs of the university during construction still needs to be created. "I won't kid you, it will be a 

zoo here," said President Parrish at a September meeting of the faculty. "But just think what it will be like 

once it's finished. With parking removed from the Quad, WPI will finally have a large peaceful green 

oasis in the heart of the campus." 

Transformations \ Fall 2003 5 



WPI Mourns the Loss of Venerable Professor, Librarian 

Herbert Beall joined the faculty in the Chemistry 

Department at WPI in 1968 and had remained 

here until his passing in late August. He received 

his undergraduate degree in chemistry from the 

University of Wisconsin, Madison, and his Ph.D. 

in chemistry in 1967 from Harvard University as 

a graduate student of William Nunn Lipscomb Jr., 

who won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1977. 

Herb published over 70 articles in several areas of 

chemistry, including boron chemistry, chemical education, the use 

of language in chemistry, and gold and coal chemistry. He was 

also the author and co-author of several textbooks, including 

Chemistry for Engineers and Scientists and A Guide to Writing 

About Chemistry. A lecture series will be established at WPI in 

Herb's honor. 

Carmen Brown was a part 
of Gordon Library since it was 
completed in 1 967. 
Her 35-year career 
demonstrated a 
passion for WPI, its 
community of students, 
faculty and staff, and 
the library itself. She 
retired from WPI on 
June 30, 2003. 
Carmen was the first female 
academic advisor and advised 
students for many years. She 
was also a mentor to women 
students and, in general, 
reached out to women 
colleagues on campus. She 
graduated from James Millikin 
University with a bachelor of 
arts degree and the University 
of Illinois with a master's 
degree in library science. 

Camp Reach Claims National Award 

WPI's Camp Reach is not your typical pre-teen girls' summer camp. 
There are few pillow fights and no macaroni sculpture. Instead, 
young women about to enter seventh grade have fun with technology, 
tackle real problems, and get up close and personal with the way 
things work. 

At the end of two weeks, this year's campers advised how best to 
equip classrooms in the American Red Cross's new regional training 
facility, outlined a plan for creating a computer study room at the 
Henry Lee Willis Community Center, and designed a field day for 
the Flagg Street School Community Playground Initiative. 

Camp Reach received the 2003 Women in Engineering 
Program Award for its role in encouraging young women in 
engineering and science and as an outstanding model program. 

"We were thrilled to receive this national 
award," says Chrys Demetry, associate 
professor of mechanical engineering, who 
co-directs Camp Reach with Stephanie 
Blaisdell, director of diversity and women's 
programs. "I think what stands out about our 
camp is that we don't wave goodbye to these 
girls after the two weeks are over. Many of 
our campers have come back to be 
counselors. One-third of those eligible to 
come back this year inquired about doing so. 
We think that's amazing since it's an unpaid 
position, and often the counselors will work 
from 7 a.m. 'til 10 at night." 

Women in Engineering Programs & Advocates Network is a national 
nonprofit organization of over 600 individuals representing nearly 
200 engineering schools, Fortune 500 corporations and nonprofit 
organizations. Its Women in Engineering Program Award recognized 
Camp Reach for improving the educational environment for women 
in engineering. 

"The award is also a fitting tribute to Denise Nicoletti who was 

the passion behind this program for its first six years," says Demetry. 
Nicoletti was the first tenured female professor of electrical and 
computer engineering at WPI. She and Demetry wrote the original 
grant for Camp Reach and started the program with funding from the 
National Science Foundation in 1997. Nicoletti was killed in an auto 
accident in the summer of 2002. 

6 Transformation! | /•'/<// 200 '■ 

'The biggest misconception about sexual Harass 

Sheik Widnall 

Former Secretary of the U.S. Air Force 
and honorary WPI degree recipient 

Sheik Widnall will receive an honorary 
docror of engineering degree from WPI in 
2004. She was the first woman appointed 
to the engineering faculty at MIT, and the 
first woman to head a branch of the military, 
serving as secretary of the U.S. Air Force 
under President Bill Clinton. Her expertise 
in aerodynamics made her a valuable addi- 
tion to the team investigating the breakup of 
the space shuttle Columbia, which released 
its report in August. She is a leadet in mat- 
ters of sexual harassment, discrimination 
and academic integrity. 

What were the greatest challenges 
for the Columbia Accident Investi- 
gation Board? What will its findings 
mean for the future of the space 

The challenges in conducting the accident 
investigation were many. First, this was a 
high-profile case with significant public, 
congressional and administration interest. 
The standards for establishing the "facts" 
were very high. The board needed to be 
totally independent of NASA, yet work 
closely with it to obtain the data we needed 
to establish the facts upon which to base 
our recommendations. Our recommenda- 
tions speak to the importance of insuring 
safety in the manned space program. As our 
report describes, NASA has been under 
enormous schedule and cost pressure, has 
constantly over-promised the technology it 
could deliver, and has shortchanged safety 
to accomplish other goals. Our recommen- 
dations are directed to establish an indepen- 
dent and effective voice for safety within the 
manned space flight program. 

How has the role of women in the 
military changed? 

Women are an extremely important part of 
today's military. We saw that in Desert 
Storm, and in all operations since. In the 
Air Force virtually all roles are open to 
women. The exceptions are special-ops 
helicopter pilots and the PJs — pararescue 
jumpers who slide down ropes into combat 
situations to aid ground troops. [See the 

movie "Black Hawk Down" for an example 
of a PJ mission.] Today's military could not 
function without women. To my way of 
thinking, the military offers substantial 
oppottunity to women, and they are evalu- 
ated on their contributions to the mission. 

Should women be involved in 
combat roles? 

The issue is the ability to do the job, not to 
remain unharmed in a combat role. Women 
can be fighter pilots, fly all aircraft types, go 
into all combat situations in the Air Force, 
except as mentioned before. 

Ground combat is a complex role. It 
tequires sttength, group bonding, self-sacri- 
fice, and focus on the mission. The nation's 
current belief is that women might be a 
distraction in some small-group combat 
roles, dettacting from the mission. On the 
other hand, in modern warfare, the front 
lines are less well-defined, and military 
women often find themselves in harm's way. 
Their performance has been exemplary. 

What is the biggest misconception 
about sexual harassment? 

That if the perpetrator didn't mean it, it's 
not harassment. It's the victim who defines 
the situation. For example, one of our pro- 
fessors insisted on putting offensive pictutes 
on his door, which upset the women grad- 
uate students. I had to explain to him that 
it was not what he thought but what the 
women students thought that was the con- 
trolling variable. Also, technically, harass- 
ment requires a supervisor-subordinate 
relationship of some sort. 

Is it true that women think and 
learn differently? 

I believe that women are better integratots, 
more holistic in their approach to problem 
solving. They are not satisfied to spend 
three years learning the bits and pieces, but 
want to see how these fit together to solve 
important societal problems. I believe that 
a revolution in undergraduate engineering 
education is required not just for women 
but to improve the effectiveness of engi- 

neering in this country. Unless we develop 
more of a holistic approach to problem 
solving, we will become a niche profession. 

What can engineering schools do to 
bring more women into the field? 

The most important thing MIT did was to 
admit more women. MIT developed data to 
show that the math SAT underpredicts the 
performance of women. With this informa- 
tion, we raised our percentage of women 
students from 26 to 38 in one year. It's been 
climbing evet since. There are important 
critical mass effects when the percentage 
rises and this tends to improve even further 
the performance of women students. 

What gave you the confidence to 
pursue and succeed in this career 
path? Were there any obstacles? 

My father was very supportive, as was my 
mother. My mother worked when I was 
young and that's the model I had for my 
life. When I encountered obstacles, I went 
sideways. — JKM 

Trans fo 

rmatio n s 

| Fall 2003 7 

W Explorations 

By Carol Cambo 



H. j 

Ba — ^. Project advisor 

s "e D weeks ° **"* that after 
««* ^ es ' lB h ZZ\l^ *one and 

-othl, and requlre a JJ- x ;*U S o 

iltie new work. 

Por ne, as a f irat t . 

ej »««* ^ sl eeD " 8dTisor . I 

t0 "ad the ^LTf liUl - I ^ed 
understand the If 13 ° aref «^. 

out how best to reJ ""* fisure 

ai out oosta Rica's / Df0rmatl0 ° 
students. The t """ to **• 

"— 1» .,L ; ost ^"rt-t 

■ **ir o f TE7A «.^ -ferwear and 
"""6 *o ffle so ffle art"! * llte t0 
a 4*«»i»« that dew cta V ^^ °* 
H1 ««- % chief ™' Ufe lD °°sta 

<^ iBg and fooith b r orazy 

tfl e part of » °enavior on 
of sone students. 

Before 1968, this volcano was 
considered to be just a mountain, 
known as Arenal Mountain. That 
year, Crater A provoked a pyro- 
clastic explosion (burning cloud) 
that destroyed the villages of 
Pueblo Nuevo and Tabacon, 
devastating 10 square miles 
and killing nearly 90 people. 

Can we really make the world a better place 
and widen students' worldview in just 14 weeks? 
A journal of one interactive project experience. 

April 2, 2003 It's just after six o'clock in the evening and two tables are heaped with 
pizza boxes in Salisbury Lounge. Outside, icy rain is turning lingering snow banks to mush. 
Twenty-one sophomores slouch in chairs and sip cans of soda. Tonight they're force-fed all 
the dos and don'ts of their interactive project trip to Costa Rica: Drink bottled water. Don't 
call emergency numbers if you are locked out of your room at 2 a.m. If you use illegal drugs, 
you will be sent home. Think twice about getting tattoos and nose rings — HIV/AIDS can 
be transmitted this way. 

Seven three-person teams are preparing to spend nearly two months in San Jose, 
the capital of Costa Rica, and complete projects at the decade-old WPI center. 
Despite the laundry list of regulations, sunny Costa Rica sounds like heaven, 
even if the biggest oral and written report 
of your life is due at the 
end of the trip. 


H.J. ilanaari 
slowly «-*♦,., ioho «nd 

»•*-« i. * ::;: the sh — of 

*"»« volc. no «. " *""'""'* « 

weekend, „„.,' ' 8rou »- *M. 

Bi ^orho oe8i0 h : ne S 7^ t ^^wn fl0O0 

-' •«. the, .,. : r ; r « •-. 

8 Trans format torn | Fall 2003 

No artificial ingredients, that's Costa Rica's official tourism 
slogan. Home to banana plantations, flaming volcanoes, misty 
black sand beaches and a thriving modern capitalist economy, it's 
a politically and economically stable country. Costa Rica offers a 
Central American culrure where democracy, economic develop- 
ment, and concern for the environmenr are a way of life. It also 
has its shate of problems, such as outdated waste management 
pracrices, endangered wildlife including the marine tortoise, and 
environmental hazards such as improper disposal of dry-cleaning 
solvents. Matt Benvenuti '05 is working with CNP+L, the agency 
in control of environmental waste, to develop ways to encourage 
proper disposal of dry-cleaning solvents. 

Everyone makes it to San Jose without incident. On the first 
weekend, professors Manzari and Susan Vernon-Gerstenfeld give the 
kids a walking tour of the city, then drop them off and challenge them 
to find their way back to the hotel on their own. On Monday, 
project work begins in earnest. 

«nv 1? zoo: 

Matt Benvenuti ' 05 

„.„ Benvenu.x interac tive project 

Tb e biggest ^ le ;f im f fr Le. if. *■•» ^' 
is the accelerated time se ntation 

I thought we had our roj. >J g 

together but then we got , ltb it. 

fro m our advisors on wha ^ report t0 
we eventually have to pre ^ ^ perfeot . 

our project .^^ 0{ pe0 ple .11! -ver 

be easy, hut x 

10 minutes I need to. 

,,. M . would he the 
X thought the group experien ^ 

hardest part. It ■ « * rselTe6 a "well-oiled 

mao hine. V UDderBt anding. 

th . same level ^ 

X >ave never been £-*- ^ . proble m. I - 
Spanish language- Tha ^ Qthers . 

accepted that I - «»«■ and ba mmoc*s. I 
I plan on bringing bac* « dry cle aner 
anticipate the int-i* «i ^ q£ us vb 
wlll *. the W*-*^ rtraUfct an swere* 
tbe l»^e- ^ difflcult . xfs not a 

1 *TJ1 vacation, for sure, 
seven-wees «»- 

Matt Benvenuti ^^ tQ 

- r:sr. "^"^"•.nr. 1 - 

wl th v.ater odi les, fish and a we sy;am 

iD the pond below ^ ^ oity 

Ib e lev P0i- - .^/^own Florida town » 
— I "/it- la'l'heautiiul Costa Bica we 

u „v Here was slow. " ™ inability 

Tbe first «^^ her xow P°«* *" ^ but two 

settled in at CPH^ enrol ied in classes, 

, t Spanish. « e are . . + „-,,, n ot enough to 

*° Ifoi basic Spanish is definitely 
Tarry on a conversation. ^ 

X can't get used to the ^"-^ ^erent from the 

^e here. Their lifestyle is T « y us num erous 

Tst pao! of Hew To* « ^ ^ Sponsors so we 

* to aet information "» still, the 

STi . P"blem we were -^/^Ucting 
IZ ect is P- S —;-;; "x'have'a feeling that most 
our interviews next «••> ' lT , and not want to 

talt t0 US ' ld t^ y be willing to admit It* 
then why would they ^ ^ $5 

X lite the price of ^^ thing, here are 
for a package in the ^ ^^s. 

mu ch cheaper. We feel 

9 Exploration 

Matt Benvenuti 
sa , ,03. definite^- — ^ place . , pro; 

. good cleaning. W* " 
needs a go project 

just lying an 
snould be done 


the e 

nd of this week, 

minus some 
The group 

■ nded 

up interviewing -v jrt t0 „ bad. con 

one interview to go in terviews. V M 

- Md ^ Tl-k of ^natives. ^L a e ste, 

tM * dUe 1 chemicals drain intone ^^^ 

dry . leanrng che dis g U stmg. *• » ing 

directly, «*" a *!t Rt there is no chemical reeve 

through research thai ^ther ^ reoomffiend the 

adhere in -ff^ recycling plant for 
construction of a 
everyone to use. 

June in Costa Rica unfurls like a damp beach towel. Nearly every morning 
the students wake to blue skies. By noon it's hot and threatening to storm. 
Every afternoon it pours, and the rain is followed by warm, humid nights, 
perfect for prowling around the city's pubs and eateries. 
By early June, advisor Manzari says the dry-cleaning project is going well. One 
group had significant hurdles: the group working with the Ministry of Environment 
and Energy (MINAE) had planned to test its educational booklet on fifth graders 
but the schools have been on strike for a long time, making it impossible. Nearly a 
month into the trip, the Presidenr of Colombia visited San Jose. Roads were closed 

and armed soldiers stood on every corner something the students had never seen 

before. One girl, was sideswiped by a motorcycle, but she is fine. 


+ i (liatt's mom) 
Rose Benvenuti tuat 



I feel like we have been marked 
a3 loud, obnoxious and destructive 
Orleans. A couple of people gave 
the whole group that reputation. 
Tnere are times when I feel Ilk. 
t am in junior high all over again. 
Sometimes I think if 1 had stayed 
in Worcester for my project. I could 
h ave done less work, spent the summer 
with my girlfriend, and gotten an A. 

Rose k»" m6| 

„,-. has been very nerve-wracking ^^ 

Z ci-1, with the way t rf -^ 

ana Matt never hav-g *«£ , 

It 's a little "rang' * ^^ . But when I 

take my son to a for ign ^^ ,. na t „as 

oalled the -^ "£ seD se that the group 

Tr.Z a much\Le a family 

was ver^f him. 

to see a different way of 1 mlddXe 

to s ee a w _ came home j-« *v,-v a 

and realised he ha bBok an d let 

guess I'm -*" 1 " 8 *°°; a imself. He missed his 
»* T* mgn U - lot his Paesport and 
Hug^l ^ Plane. 

lO Transformations \ Fall 2003 


Global Perspective Program 2003: San Jose, Costa Rica 

CNP+L: WPI is helping 
determine how dry- 
cleaning solvents should 
be used and discarded 
by the industry, since 
many are known 

CICA: A research unit 
within the University 
of Costa Rica that seeks 
to manage solid waste. 

INTEL: Intel needs 
a long-term sustainability 
model for its plants, 
specifically for the pur- 
chase of equipment 
and supplies. 

Bomberos: The fire- 
fighters organization 
of Costa Rica needs a 
nationwide system for 
assessing resources in 
order to maximize 

MINAE: This organiza- 
tion collects and com- 
piles existing research 
on marine tortoise 
species that live and 
nest in the country. 


agency helps assess 
the market for the 
farm-raised tilapia and 
recommends how to 
improve sales. 

Lankester Botanical 
Gardens: With the 
largest holdings of 
orchids in Mesoamerican, 
Lankester needs a data- 
base system to help it 
tap into funding sources. 

For advisors Manzari and Vernon-Gerstenfeld, every day is different, but every day 
is long. Some days are filled with meetings with sponsors. Two days each week are set 
aside for group presentations. When everyone regroups at the end of each workday, the 
professors meet with students or read drafts of their reports. The last students often leave 
late in the evening or stop by long aftet dark to deliver pieces to be read for the next day. 
The groups are building toward their final presentations, so the professors provide 
ongoing feedback to help them improve. By Sunday night, June 29, reports must 
be bound and turned in. Monday morning, the students begin their all-important 
presentations to their sponsors. 

The groups gave their final presenrations in Costa Rica and came back to the states in 
time for the July 4th weekend. Matt returned to his summer job as grill cook at Yogi Bear's 
Sturbridge Jellystone Park campground in Sturbridge, Mass. Susan Vernon-Gerstenfeld's 
office is filled with stacks of five-inch-thick reports from each of the Costa Rica project groups 
The dry-cleaning project was a success, she says. "We were told by one of the officials in 
charge of keeping the environment clean that laws will be changed there because of the 
group's work." 

Matt Benvenuti 

to get 
Costa Rica 

on the trip 

•re hack home. 

Home and see my 
and am gl ad 

iX l still hang 


-that v.'< 
vthing for 


so longi 


I made some 
Having °een away 
appreciate things 
what is truly 

It was gre 

I had i'un in 
with now 

irom everyt 

mor e and have 

important to me. 

eo t definitely has 
positive change, 

ome posm „,-, + = to use. n •> 

t0 put our resultS ,, as important to 

.-, ...v,„ this trip "" „, „ 


Our proj 
create s 
to others 

tne potential to 

it will he up 
you had 



I would na,T*e 

me t 

graduation retirement 

& . „+ -hut as 



hut as 
ah out me , 


to fulfill - 
one reason 
ah out 



e stone 
The pro- 
to work 


T learned more 

* for other reasons 
important for o ^ 

im portant steppmb 

Hi „ e to he part 
of getting 

another culture. 
, eo t challenged 

I ever have 
expanded my 

■ d on't kno 

» x plain it , 

ik e this pro- 

r; ::z: m : k ~— 

3 /mvself hetter. 
iife and mysen 

X learned more 

I know nov. 

ec t is an 

The proje 
the unique experience 

Harder than 

•before. It 
now to hetter 
I feel 

I if or ma 


A Search Lngine 
Uith Soul 


,„en McCluskey 
otos by Patrick O'Connor 

Jim Baum, president and COO of Endeca, sits back in his sunny 
office, facing his visitor with a warm smile. Framed in the picture 
windows behind him, the Charles River glistens. Incoming 
e-mail messages announce themselves every few seconds, and his 
phone rings off the hook. Baum likes the bustle. Life is good. 
This is right where he wants to be: heading a fast-growing 
company that delivers technology that changes everything. 

Baum and Endeca, a software company specializing in 
guided navigation systems for the Web, are a perfect fit. Baum 
has always enjoyed making computers do neat tricks. A small- 
town boy from Burnt Hills in upstate New York, Baum 
describes himself as "one of those kids who took things apart 
and put (hem back together." When his Dad brought home .111 
early-model Apple computer, "I became fairly enamored ol that 

thing," he says, grinning. He taught himself how to program 
in Assembly and Basic and was soon shooting spaceships in a 
game he wrote himself. 

At WPI, Baum remembers learning Fortran in addition to 
his mechanical engineering classes. He recalls Professor Robert 
Norton as "a cool guy who linked engineering and computers." 
This was in the mid-1980s, when most software programs were 
still punched out on cards for computers the size oi conference 

Poised at the head ol an exciting new software company, 
Baum is not from his boyhood 1l.1v. in Burnt 1 lilK. I le I eels 
he's playing .1 pivotal role in launching .1 technological revolu- 
tion. "This environment is invigorating, tie says, 1 know 
every day whether we're mining the ball forward.'' 

12 Transformations | Fait 

The Online Revolution 

Here's what Baum's Endeca is doing for rhe Internet today: 
Imagine you're shopping for a birthday gift for your niece. 
She's nine years old and you're not sure whether she's still into 
Barbies or would rather have the latest Harry Potter book. You 
go online shopping for the solution. 

You're not alone. The U.S. Department of Commerce esti- 
mates that retail e-commerce sales for the first quarter of 2003 
jumped nearly 26 percent in one year. Billions of dollars are 
changing hands online — almost $12 billion in the first three 
months of this year alone. 

Companies that want to get in on this action wisely place 
their wares on the Web. This is true across every sector of the 
economy, from music to mutual funds, books to Barbies. How 

The U-S. Department of Commerce 
estimates that retail e-commerce sales 
for the first quarter of 2DD3 jumped 
nearly Eh percent in one year- 

do companies help shoppers delve into their wares, particularly 
if the customer has only a vague idea of what she wants? 
Shopping online often feels like entering a dark room and 
groping for something that must be in there, but can't be found. 

Enter Endeca. Founded in 1999, the software company 
promised a revolutionary approach to online search and naviga- 
tion. Endeca has kept its w