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Full text of "Travel and descripion, 1765-1865 : together with a list of county histories, atlases and biographical collections and a list of territorial and state laws"

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COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

ILLINOIS STATE HISTORICAL 

LIBRARY 



EDITED BY 

CLARENCE WALWORTH ALVORD 

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 



VOLUME IX 



ILLINOIS 
STATE HISTORICAL LIBRARY 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

EvARTS BouTELL Greene, President 

Charles Henry Rammelkamp, Vice-President 

Otto Leopold Schmidt, Secretary 



Jessie Palmer Weber, Librarian 



ADVISORY COMMISSION 

EVARTS BoUTELL GrEENE 

James Alton James 

Andrew Cunningham McLaughlin 

William Augustus Meese 

Edward Carleton Page 

Charles Henry Rammelkamp 

Clarence Walworth Alvord, ex officio 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SERIES 

VOLUME II 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 

COUNTY HISTORIES 

TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 

GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY 
OF UTAH. 

3rz/ 







V 



t\ 



COL' : OF THE ILLINOIS STATE HISTORICAL LIhKARY 

VOLUME IX 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SERIES, VOLUME II 



FRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 

17654865 

Together with ry Histories, Atlases, 

AND BlOGiO\5 ID A LiST OF 

Territor] r: Laws 

>I33q /xOaAM HHOL 
iOII .on) s\iA "«9s«oV*\ \o i>o*H yiito^ at soaiqzilnoil adJ moiH 

iiV 

SOLON JUSTUS BUCK 

UNIVERSirY OF ILI LVCrS 





V THE 1 -.w ru* 


ILLINOIS ^ 


LIBRARY 


t . 


ILLINOIS 




I914 




JOHN MASON. PECK 
From^e frontispiece in Forty Yean of Pioneer Life (no. UO) 



COLLECTIONS OF THE ILLINOIS STATE HISTORICAL LIBRARY 

VOLUME IX 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SERIES, VOLUME II 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 

1765-1865 

Together with a List of County Histories, Atlases, 

AND Biographical Collections and a List of 

Territorial and State Laws 



BY 

SOLON JUSTUS BUCK 

university of ILLINOIS 



Published by the Trustees of the 

ILLINOIS STATE HISTORICAL LIBRARY 

SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS 
1914 






Copyright, 1914 

BY 

The Illinois State Historical Library 



ffftf Uaftfsilif prrsB 

R. R. DONNELLEY &• SONS COMPANY 
CHICAGO 



PREFACE 

This book is a product of the IlHnois Historical Sur- 
vey of the University of IlHnois. When an exhaustive 
survey of the history of the state, looking toward the 
preparation of a Centennial history, was decided upon 
about four years ago, one of the first desiderata ap- 
peared to be a knowledge of what was already in print. 
The writer began, therefore, to compile on cards a 
comprehensive bibliography of Illinois history. The 
cards were duplicated and filed in an alphabetical and 
in a combined topical, chronological, and geographical 
arrangement. The original plan was to publish the 
entire bibliography, in its classified form; but the 
number of cards became so large — there are now over 
six thousand items listed — and the labor involved in 
securing exact titles, looking up editions, and preparing 
annotations was so great that it soon became evident 
that the entire bibliography could not be published 
within a reasonable length of time. 

Two methods of procedure then presented them- 
selves: a select bibliography, listing only the more 
important books in each class, might be compiled; or 
certain classes might be completed and published en- 
tire. The latter method v/as finally decided upon for 
the time being; and the three bibliographies in this 
volume are the first published results of the work of the 
Illinois Historical Survey. When the manuscript was 
ready for the press, the Trustees of the State Historical 
Library offered to include it in the Bibliographical 

iii 



iv ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

series of the Illinois historical collections. An excellent 
start had already been made in this series by the publi- 
cation of Scott, Newspapers and periodicals of Illinois; 
and it seemed that the convenience of students who 
would use the bibliographies would be facilitated by 
accepting the offer. 

Although constant use has been made of assistants 
for routine work, the compiler takes entire responsibility 
for the accuracy and completeness of the results. He 
has, with a few exceptions, examined the books him- 
self, verified the titles and written the annotations. 
Of the fourteen libraries listed on a later page, work was 
done personally in all but two — the Peabody and the 
British Museum. The plan has been, with reference to 
the libraries in Illinois, the Wisconsin Historical 
Library, and the Library of Congress, to have the key 
letters indicate whether the item is or is not to be found 
in the library. The other libraries were searched main- 
ly for items which could not be found in these, and the 
absence of key letters for them does not mean that they 
do not possess the items. 

That there are many errors in the work, the compiler 
feels sure; but he also feels that anyone who has 
attempted similar bibliographical work and knows its 
difficulties will be lenient with them. The principles 
of exclusion and inclusion are explained in the introduc- 
tions to the separate bibliographies. Even under these 
rules, items will doubtless be missed which are better 
entitled to a place than many of those included. In 
spite of these unavoidable shortcomings it is believed 
that the work will be of service to students of western 
history. The bibliography of travel and description 



PREFACE V 

contains, necessarily, many works of as much interest for 
other parts of the country as for IlHnois and it is hoped 
that it will serve as a contribution toward a bibliog- 
raphy of works of this sort for the country as a whole. 
The compiler is under obligations to officials in all of 
the libraries visited for assistance and privileges which 
facilitated the work. Special acknowledgments are due 
to the late Dr. Reuben G. Thwaites of the Wisconsin 
Historical Society, Miss Caroline M. Mcllvaine and 
Mr. Marius Dahl of the Chicago Historical Society, Miss 
C. A. Smith and Dr. Augustus H. Shearer of the New- 
berry Library and Mrs. Jessie Palmer Weber and Miss 
Georgia Osborne of the Illinois State Historical Library. 
To Professor Clarence W. Alvord, editor of the Collec- 
tions, I am indebted for many helpfiil suggestions and 
constant advice. Assistance in gathering and verifying 
data has been rendered by Mrs. Maude S. Ponton and 
Mr. Ernest Kletsch of the Library of Congress; Dr. 
Herbert A. Kellar, formerly of the University of Wis- 
consin; and Miss Winifred Fehrenkamp and Miss 
Edith Emigh of the library staff of the University of 
Illinois. In preparing the index I have had the assist- 
ance of Miss Lydia M. Brauer of the Illinois State 
Historical Library staff. 

Solon J. Buck. 

Urbana, Illinois, 
December, 1913. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

PAGE 

List of Illustrations ix 

Explanation of Key Letters xi 

Travel and Description, i 765-1 865 

Introduction 3 

Bibliography 15 

County Histories, Atlases, and Biographical Col- 
lections 

The Historiography of Illinois Counties . . . 255 

Bibliography 277 

Territorial and State Laws 

Introductory Note 385 

Bibliography 389 

List of References . 429 

Index 433 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

PAGE 

Portrait of John Mason Peck Frontispiece 

Title-page of the Invitation serieuse 26 

Title-page of Mills and Smith, Missionary tour . . 54 

Title-page of the Hall Narrative 116 

Title-page of Reierson, Veiviser 167 

Title-page of Haines, Sketches of Lake County . . . 320 



!x 



*>/■ utau '""'^nr 



mn. 



EXPLANATION OF KEY LETTERS 

A = Boston Athenaeum. 
B = British Museum, London. 
C = Chicago Pubhc Library 
D = Harvard College Library, Cambridge. 
E = Boston Public Library. 
F = New York Public Library. 
H = Chicago Historical Society Library. 
I = Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield. 
J = John Crerar Library, Chicago. 
L = Library of Congress, Washington. 
M = Mason Collection, Champaign Public Library. 
N = Newberry Library, Chicago. 
P = Peabody Library, Baltimore. 
S = Sabin, Dictionary of books relating to America. 
U = University of Illinois Library, Urbana. 
W = Wisconsin Historical Society Library, Madison. 

The few abbreviations used will be readily understood. The 
expression "ibid." is used only when both place and publisher are 
the same as in the preceding edition. When no date follows, it is 
also the same. The letter "c." preceding a date means that it is 
the date of the copyright and not necessarily that of publication. 



zi 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 

1765-1865 



INTRODUCTION 

A man possessed of information about remote coun- 
tries and peoples, especially if acquired by personal 
observation and experience, has always been sure of a 
hearing. Ever since the days of Marco Polo the re- 
turned traveler has been under a strong temptation to 
write a book. Few have resisted this temptation and, 
as a result, the output of books of travel has been 
enormous. Such books, having served their immediate 
purpose, usually pass into the discard for the time being ; 
but years later historians of the countries about which 
they are written rescue them from oblivion and use 
them as aids in the work of reconstructing the past. 
Unfortunately a very large proportion of travelers have 
thought it necessary to enliven their books by blending 
a certain amount of fiction with the facts; and, even 
when they have sought to depict things as they are, 
they have been superficial observers and their conclu- 
sions have been colored by prejudices and preconceived 
ideas. 

In spite of these defects, works of travel, when used 
by critical historians who take account of the prejudices 
and opportunities for observation of the writers and 
who balance one with another, have an important place 
among the sources of history. To use them for data 
on population when census statistics are available or 
for facts about the laws when the statutes themselves 
could be examined would be unjustifiable; but for a 
knowledge of manners and customs of daily life such 

3 



4 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

works are often invaluable. They bring out the things 
which are so familiar to the native that he does not 
deem them worthy of record. 

In the bibliography which follows, an attempt is 
made to list all books or items containing accounts 
of travel in the territory included within the state of 
Illinois from its occupation by the British in 1765 to 
the end of the year 1865. Other descriptive works, 
such as geographies, guide-books, and gazetteers are 
also included in the list. Until recent years such 
geographical compilations were based largely on the 
accounts of travelers and they have been used in 
turn by the travelers as companions on their journeys 
and as storehouses from which infoimation might be 
drawn to supplement their own observations. Apart 
from the facts which such geographical works may 
contain, they are of interest as depicting the prevailing 
state of knowledge, or ignorance, about the countries 
described. 

It has seemed best to reserve works of travel and 
description before 1 765 for inclusion in a complete bibli- 
ography of the French regime in Illinois. The list 
closes with the year 1865 because the number of 
items since that date is so large and because this sort of 
material is as a whole of relatively less importance in 
recent years. During the century covered, the plan 
has been to include, besides the travels, practi- 
cally all contemporary descriptions of a general char- 
acter. Descriptions of a single town or county and 
encyclopedia articles have, as a rule, been excluded. 

In arranging the items in chronological order absolute 
consistency has not been possible. The actual date of 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION $ 

the observations has generally been used for books of 
travel; for geographical compilations, however, the date 
of publication has usually been the only one avail- 
able. For travels covering more than one year and 
for geographical compilations issued in more than one 
edition, with revisions, inclusive dates have been used. 
In the notes the first paragraph lists the editions, the 
second contains the annotation, and the last lists re- 
views or notices. No attempt has been made to find 
all reviews, but references which were at hand were 
included. Whenever possible, however, they were 
verified and in those which came from Sabin, Dictionary 
of books relating to America, a large percentage of error 
was found. In references to works in which the items 
are arranged alphabetically, it has seemed unnecessary 
to indicate the page or number, unless the item is en- 
tered under a different word from that used in the 
present list. References to bibliographies are included 
only when the item referred to contains an annotation. 

When the treaty of Paris (1763) transferred the Illi- 
nois country from France to Great Britain, the knowl- 
edge which Englishmen possessed of that region was 
scanty and based almost entirely on French accounts. 
With the occupation of the country by British troops 
in 1765, however, many Englishmen had an opportunity 
to see it themselves and a number of these left accounts 
of their experiences or descriptions of the country based 
on personal observation. The first Englishmen to 
reach the French settlements in the Illinois after the 
French and Indian War appear to have been Lieutenant 
John Ross and a trader named Crawford. Sent up 



6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

from Mobile to conciliate the Indians, they arrived in 
February, 1765, and returned the following April. 
Ross constructed a map of the Mississippi River, which 
was published in 1772; but neither of these men, so far 
as is known, left narrative accounts of the expedi- 
tion or descriptions of the country based on their 
observations. 

Shortly after Ross departed Lieutenant Fraser ar- 
rived from the East, followed by Croghan, who pene- 
trated only a short distance into the territory of the 
present state of Illinois. Before the end of the year 
Captain Sterling, Lieutenant Eidington (or Edding- 
stone), Major Farmar, and Captain Pittman were in 
the Illinois country. All these men wrote accounts 
of their experiences or descriptions of the country, the 
most pretentious and the only one which was published 
at the time being The present state of the European 
settlements on the Mississippi by Pittman.^ 

The following year Captain Gordon and Ensign 
Hutchins traveled together to the Illinois. Gordon's 
journal of this trip was published ten years later and 
Hutchins, Topographical description, appeared in 1778. 
To these accounts by military men may be added the 
narratives of the traders, Jennings, Clarkson and 
Morgan, who began operations in the Illinois in 1776. 
None of their journals was published, however, imtil 
many years later. Other important items during the 
British period are those of Phyn, Butricke, and Ken- 
nedy and the Invitation serieuse. This last document 
is especially interesting as being the earliest book 

^ Full titles of works referred to in this introduction can be found 
in the bibliography. Consult the index. 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 7 

published in America, so far as is known, in which the 
IlHnois country is described. 

The first geographical work on the British empire 
after the treaty of Paris is Robert Rogers, Concise 
account of North America. The author claims in his 
preface to have acquired most of his information about 
the interior country east of the Mississippi from per- 
sonal observation. However true this may be, his 
description of the Illinois country is interesting and 
unusually accurate. It contains what is probably the 
first of many prophecies about the prospects of the site 
of Cairo. In spite of the publication of Rogers' 
description in 1765 and of Pittman's more important 
work of 1770 most of the compilers of geographies and 
gazetteers throughout the period were content with 
vague and inaccurate descriptions of the western coun- 
try based upon French accounts and upon Coxe, 
Carolana, the first edition of which appeared in 1722. 
An example is Entick, Present state of the British 
empire (1774). 

For the period from the coming of Clark in 1778 to 
the coming of St. Clair and the estabhshment of terri- 
torial government in 1790, the amount of descriptive 
material is very slight. Bowman's letter in the 
Remembrancer appears to be the only account based on 
personal observation which was published during the 
period; while the letters and journals of Clark and 
Bowman, the narratives of Perrault and Biggs, and 
the letters of Harmar and St. Clair comprise about all 
the first hand material of a descriptive nature which 
is available at the present day. 

The most interesting descriptions in the geographical 



8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

compilations are those in Jefferson, Notes, and in the 
first of the many editions of Morse's geographies. The 
first edition of the Geography made easy was published 
in 1784 and is the earliest American book in the 
English language containing a description of the Illinois 
country. The more extensive American geography 
appeared first in 1789. 

For the period 1790 to 1800, when IlHnois was a part 
of the Northwest Territory, the most important works 
are those of the elder Michaux, Collot, Volney, EUicott, 
and Austin. All these men were travelers who wrote 
narratives of their experiences and descriptions based 
on observations and on information gathered during 
their travels. The books of Volney and Ellicott ap- 
peared in 1803, but the works of the others were not 
published until many years later. Volney was espe- 
cially interested in the French colonies or settlements 
in the West ; and, although he went no farther west than 
Vincennes, the chapter "De la colonie du Poste-Vin- 
cennes sur Ouabache, et des colonies frangaises sur le 
Missi-sipi et le Lac Erie" in his Tableau throws con- 
siderable light on conditions in the Illinois country 
about 1796. 

The Topographical description of Gilbert Imlay is the 
most interesting of the geographical compilations pub- 
lished during this period. His account of the country 
north and west of the Ohio is rather general and is 
confined principally to its physical geography ; but this 
is followed by curious speculations as to the future set- 
tlement of the country and new states which might be 
carved out of it. In the other geographical works of the 
period the accounts of the western cotmtry are based 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION g 

almost entirely on those in Morse's geographies. 
Among them are Scott, United States gazetteer, and 
Carey's American pocket atlas, each the first work of 
its kind to appear in the United States. 

Illinois was a part of Indiana Territory from 1800 
to 1809. For this period the most important books in 
the bibliography are those of Reynolds, Cramer, Pike, 
Schulz? and Cimiing. Reynolds, My own times is too 
well known to need further comment here. The 
Navigator of Zadok Cramer in its numerous editions was 
one of the most useful guide-books ever published and 
the detailed descriptions, revised from time to time, 
make it especially useful to the historical student today. 
Mention should also be made of Ashe, whose book tells 
of so many wonderful sights and thrilling experiences 
that it is charitable to classify him as a romanticist. 

The first six years during which Illinois was a sepa- 
rate territory, 1809-15, were not a period of rapid growth. 
Indian troubles were acute during most of the period, 
there was much difficulty about procuring titles to 
land, the population increased but little, and the 
territory was visited by few travelers. As a conse- 
quence descriptive material of value is scarce for this 
period. The only visitors of particular interest during 
these years who left records of their travels are two 
Presbyterian clergymen sent out by the Massachusetts 
Missionary Society. In 18 12-13 Rev. John F. Scher- 
merhom and Rev. Samuel J. Mills made a tour through 
the West under the auspices of the Massachusetts and 
Connecticut missionary societies. Their route lay 
through Kentucky and Tennessee to New Orleans, but 
Schermerhom's report contains a statement about 



lo ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

religious conditions in Illinois. Two years later, in the 
winter of 1 8 14- 15, Mills returned to the West accom- 
panied by Daniel Smith and spent some time in Illinois 
Territory. The experiences and observations of these 
early missionaries, as told in their letters, are of 
considerable interest. 

The development of Illinois Territory during its last 
three years, following the close of the War of 181 2, was 
very rapid. Immigrants rushed in from the South, 
from the East, and from England ; new settlements were 
started and new counties organized; and the territory 
occupied a prominent place in the public eye. As 
might be expected, many travelers who visited the 
territory during these years left accounts of their obser- 
vations which portray the rapidly shifting conditions of 
this frontier community. Among the most important 
of these are the works of Timothy Flint, Birkbeck, 
Fearon, Long, and Fordham. Another book of interest 
for this period is Brown, Western gazetteer. This is one 
of the earliest of the many books intended to assist emi- 
grants in selecting a location in the western country and 
its descriptions were much drawn upon by later writers. 

From 1818, the year in which Illinois was admitted 
to the Union, to 1865 inclusive the state was visited 
by many travelers who wrote contemporary accounts of 
their experiences and observations. The bibliography 
lists the works of one hundred and seventy-seven such 
travelers; and it may be of some interest to classify 
them according to nationality. The extent of British 
interest in America and especially in the West is 
brought out by the fact that fifty-eight of these 
travelers were English, while only fifty- three of 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION n 

them were Americans. Thirty-one were German; ten, 
French; eight, Scotch; five, Norwegian; three, Irish; 
three, Canadian; two, ItaHan; two, Dutch; one, 
Swedish^, and one, Swiss. 

The average number of these travelers per year from 
1818 to 1865 is between three and four, and there is 
hardly a year during the period for which it is not possi- 
ble to find several impressions of Illinois or of parts of 
the state from observers of different nationality and 
with different points of view. For 1819, for example, 
there are the narratives of two Englishmen, Faux and 
Welby; of one German, Ernst; and of two Americans, 
James and Wright. For 1832 the travelers are 
O'Ferrall, Irish; Pa vie, French; Latrobe, English; and 
Maximilian, German. 

The list of travelers embraces the names of many 
men of national or international distinction in addition 
to many more of considerable local prominence. First 
there are the titled foreigners, such as the Duke of 
Wiirttemberg, Lafayette, the Duke of Saxe- Weimar- 
Eisenach, the Prince of Wied-Neuwied, the Earl of 
Cariisle, the Prince of Wales, and Prince Napoleon. 
The three Germans and the Earl of Carlisle wrote their 
own accounts, but the books telling of the trips of the 
others are by other members of the parties. Then 
there are the literary people: Charles Sealsfield; 
Dickens, whose American notes stirred up a hornet's 
nest; James Hall, one of the literary pioneers of the 
West; Schoolcraft, whose books on the American Indi- 
ans are almost countless; Captain Marryat, the English 
novelist; Margaret Fuller; Bayard Taylor, William 
Cullen Bryant; James K. Paulding; and Fredrika 



12 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Bremer, the Swedish novelist. Other prominent peo- 
ple included are, Nuttall and Audubon, naturalists; 
Beltrami, the Italian explorer; Major Long and Lieu- 
tenant Pike, American explorers; Featherstonhaugh, 
the geologist; and Horace Greeley. 

Among the gazetteers and guide-books, the various 
works of John Mason Peck occupy first place, partly 
because of the importance of Peck himself but also be- 
cause of the care with which they were compiled. 
Other works of this class of unusual value are Beck, 
Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri; the publications of 
Traugott Bromme; Illinois in 1837; the detailed de- 
scriptions of the military tract by Van Zandt and Dana ; 
Abner Jones, Illinois and the West; Curtiss, Western 
Portraiture; and Gerhard, Illinois as it is. Timothy 
Flint's western geographies are pioneers in a somewhat 
different field. 

Quite a number of rare and little known books of 
value are listed in the bibliography. Among them are : 
the Memoir of Alvan Stone; Reisebericht der Familie 
Kopfli & Suppiger; Rev. S. Wood, Letters from the 
United States; George Flower, Errors of emigrants; 
Kohler, Brief e aus Amerika; Gregory, To all those 
emigrating West; Kingman, Journal of a tour to the 
West; the pamphlet of the Illinois Land Company; 
Campbell, A glance at Illinois; and several of the 
Scandinavian books, such as Rynning, Sandfaerdig; 
Reierson, Veiviser; Dietrichson, Reise; and Cassell, 
Amerika i vor Tid. Of the Map of the military bounty 
lands . . . with a description, no copy has been located; 
and only a part of Schmolder, Wegweiser, could be 
foimd, although two editions are listed by Sabin. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 13 

A considerable amount of biographical and reminis- 
cent material has been included in the bibliography, 
especially when the items contain extracts from con- 
temporary letters and journals. Much interesting 
descriptive matter is to be fotmd in those works to- 
gether with other material of value. They include 
biographies or autobiographies of Governors John 
Reynolds and John M. Palmer; Gurdon S. Hubbard, 
the fur- trader and Chicago business man; Colonel 
George T. M. Davis, newspaper man of Alton; Gustav 
Koemer, one of the leaders of the Germans in Illinois; 
Jonathan B. Turner, educator; and seven pioneer 
ministers of the gospel: John M. Peck, Peter Cart- 
wright, Julian M. Sturtevant, Augustus Conant, 
Tnmian M. Post, John Clark, and Philander Chase. 

While works which are purely local have been ex- 
cluded, the bibliography, with the notes and index, 
will serve as a guide to a large amount of local material 
in general works. One of the most interesting move- 
ments in American colonization is the English settle- 
ment established by Morris Birkbeck and George Flow- 
er in Edwards County. The books written by the 
founders and other members of this settlement are 
nimierous and frequently ran through many editions, 
while nearly every traveler who visited Illinois from 
1818 to 1825 made a point to see the English settlement 
and give his opinions of it in his book. As a result the 
quantity of literature on the subject is very extensive. 
The bibliography contains, it is believed, the largest list 
of items bearing on the English settlement ever com- 
piled and while scattered over a nimiber of years the 
student will find it possible to locate them all readily 



14 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

by means of the index. Similarly, the index can be 
used to assist in picking out items on a variety of special 
topics, such as education, immigration, Indians and 
Mormons. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION, 1765-1865 

1765 
Croghan, George. Journal of Col. George Croghan, 
who was sent, after the peace of 1763, by the gov- 
ernment, to explore the country adjacent to the 
Ohio River, and to conciliate the Indian nations who 
had hitherto acted with the French . . . [Burlington, 
New Jersey, Thomas, 1875.] 3^ p. INL i 

Reprinted from Monthly American journal of geology 
(Featherstonhaugh's), I, 257-272 (December, 1831). WP — 
Also in Mann Butler, Kentucky, appendix (Louisville, Wilcox, 
etc., 1834. xi, 396 p.) UMIHCNWL — 2d ed., Cincinnati, James, 
1836. OWL — Olden thne (Craig's), i, 403-415 (September, 
1846). umWL — Reprinted, Cincinnati, Clarke, 1876. 2 v. 
ION — Another version in S. P. Hildreth, Pioneer history, 68-85 
(Cincinnati, Derby, 1848). UIHNWL — E. B. O'Callaghan, 
New York colonial documents, vn, 779-788 (Albany, Weed, etc., 
1856). UMIHCNWL — Combination of the two versions in 
Thwaites, Early western travels, i, 126-173 (Cleveland, Clark, 
1904). UIJCNWL — Also in Alvord & Carter, Occupation and 
trade (see no. 5). 

Croghan went down the Ohio to about the site of Shawnee- 
town where he was captured by Indians and carried to Vin- 
cennes and Ouiatanon. Being released by the Indians he 
started for Fort de Chartres but met Pontiac, returned with 
him to Ouiatanon where a peace was agreed upon, and then 
went to Detroit. The first version of the journal , which is much 
more detailed than the other, describes parts of eastern Illinois, 
and throws light on conditions among the French and Indians 
in the Illinois country. The second or official version tells of 
the negotiations with the Indians. See also letter written by 
Croghan, July 12, 1765, printed by Alvord and Carter. 

Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio; Winsor, America, vi, 704. 



IS 



1 6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1765 

Eidington, Lieut. James. [Letter from Fort de Char- 
tres.] Illinois State Historical Society, Trans- 
actions, 1907, pp. 201-203. UIHJCNWL 2 

Reprinted in Alvord & Carter, Occupation and trade (see 

no. 5). 

Eidington, or Eddingstone as the name is given in the army 
lists, was an officer in the British troops which were sent from 
Fort Pitt to take possession of the IlHnois country. The 
letter, which is dated October 17, tells briefly of the trip, of the 
fur trade, and of the French villages. It is one of a number of 
"Docimients relating to the occupation of the Illinois country 
by the British" edited by Clarence E. Carter. 

1765 
Rogers, Major Robert. A concise account of North 
America; containing a description of the several 
British colonies on that continent . . . also of the 
interior, or westerly parts of the country ... an 
account of the several nations and tribes of Indians 
residing in those parts, as to their customs, manners, 
government, nimibers &c . . . London, author, 
1765. vii, 264 p. UmCNWL 3 

Also, Dubhn, Milliken, 1769. 264 p. IN — Dublin, 1770. 
S — German ed. in Koehler, Sammlung neuer Reisebeschreib- 
ungen. 1767. B 

The Illinois country is covered in the section on "The Missis- 
sippi " but the account is of value principally as an exhibit of 
the information available at the time. 

Monthly review, -icxxiw, 9-2 2 (January, 1766); Tuckerman, 
America, 180; Sabin, Dictionary. 

1765 

Sterling, Capt. [Thomas]. [Letters from Fort de 
Chartres to General Gage.] Illinois State His- 
torical Society, Transactions, 1907, pp. 203-221. 
UmjCNWL 4 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 17 

Reprinted in Alvord & Carter, Occupation and trade (see 
no. 5)._ 

Sterling commanded the detachment sent from Fort Pitt to 
take possession of the Illinois country. In these letters dated 
October 10, 18, and December 15, he describes the French vil- 
lages and tells of his experiences. Inclosures contain a descrip- 
tion of Fort de Chartres and an inventory of goods therein. The 
letters are edited by Clarence E. Carter (see no. 2). 

1765-66 
Farmar, Major [Robert]. [Letters from the Illinois 
country.] C. W. Alvord & C. E. Carter, 
Occupation and trade, ij6^-iy66 {Illinois historical 
collections, x. Springfield, Illinois State Historical 
Library, in press). 5 

In these letters dated December 16 and 19, 1765 and March 
19, 1766, Farmar tells of his expedition up the Mississippi to 
the Illinois and gives a few notes on the soil, agricultural prod- 
ucts, French settlements, and Indians. 

1765-66 
Fraser, {Lieutenant Alexander]. Report [on the Illinois 
country]. Alvord & Carter, Occupation and 
trade (see no. 5). 5a 

Fraser arrived from the East in May, 1765 but was obliged 
by the hostility of the Indians to leave for New Orleans. He 
returned in December with Major Farmar. In this report to 
General Haldimand, dated May 4, 1766, he writes briefly of his 
trip to the West and gives an account of the country. He treats 
of the prairies, soil, agricultural products, Indians, trade, and 
French settlements. See also his letters dated May 15-20 
and December 16, 1765, in the same volume. 

1765-68 

Pittman, Capt. Philip. The present state of the Euro- 
pean settlements on the Mississippi; with a geo- 
graphical description of that river . . . London, 
Nourse, 1770. viii, 99 p., 4 maps. MIHCNWL 6 



1 8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Reprint ed. by Frank H. Hodder, Cleveland, Clark, 1906. 
165 p., maps. UIJCWL 

Pittman was an engineer with the British troops and arrived 
in West Florida in 1 763 or 1 764. He was in the Illinois country- 
making surveys and investigations from November or December 
1765 to near the close of 1768. The book contains descriptions 
of the French villages and general accounts of the Illinois 
country, of its government under the French, and of its in- 
habitants. It is a valuable, but not entirely reliable source of 
information about conditions in the Illinois during the British 
period. The sections relating to the Illinois country are re- 
printed in Alvord & Carter, Occupation and trade (see no. 5). 

Monthly review XLiv, 9-12 (January, 1771); Sabin, Dictionary; 
Winsor, America, v, 71; vi, 702; Boggess, Illinois, 229; Carter, 
Great Britain and the Illinois country, 192 (see no. 12); Ameri- 
can historical review, xii, 149-152 (October, 1906). 

1765-85 
Penning, D[aniel], and others. A new system of 
geography; or, A general description of the world; 
containing a particular and circumstantial account 
of all the countries, kingdoms, and states of Europe, 
Asia, Africa, and America . . . London, Crowder, 
e^c, 1764-65. 2 v., 28 maps. WL 7 

Also, London, 1766, 1765. B — German ed. in part as 
Neue Erdbeschreibung von ganz Amerika . . . herausgegeben 
von August Ludwig Schlozer . . . Gottingen & Leipzig, Wey- 
gand, 1777. 2 V. in i, maps. L — Bern, Walthard, 1777. 2 v. 
in I, map. L — New ed. . . . revised by T. Hervey . . . the 
account of North America corrected and improved by Captain Car- 
ver .. . vol. I. London, 1785. B 

The Illinois country is touched upon in the chapter on 
Florida. 

1765-1863 

Brookes, R[ichard]. The general gazetteer; or, Com- 
pendious geographical dictionary . . . London, 
Newbery, 1762. viii, xxxii, [756] p., maps. L 8 

2d ed., enl. & impr;, ibid., 1766. vi, xxxiv, [648] p., maps. 
L — 4th ed., enl. & impr. by Alex, Bisset, London, Rivington, 
etc., 1778. xvi, [624] p., 9 maps. L — 5th ed., enl., ibid., 1782. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 19 

B — 6th ed., enl. & impr., ibid., 1786. xvi, [691] p., maps. 
L — 7th ed., enl. & impr., London, 1791. D — 9th ed., impr., 
London, Law, etc., 1795. xv, [460] p., maps. L — loth ed., 
enl., London., 1797. B — 12th ed., ibid., 1802. B — 13th ed., 
enl., London, Johnson, etc., 1807. W — 14th ed., enl., London, 
1809. B — i6th ed., enl., ibid., 1815. B — 15th ed., enl., 
ibid., 1820. xvi, 776 p. B — 17th ed., enl., ibid. B — 
Abridged, ibid., 1796. U — 2d ed., abridged, ibid., 1806. 
B — 4th ed. abridged by A. Picquot, ibid., 1823. D 

ist American from 12th London ed., Philadelphia, Johnson, 
1806. xvi, [809] p., maps. HNW — 2d American ed. from 
latest European ed., Philadelphia & Richmond, Johnson & 
Warner, 1812. W — "In miniature," ist American ed., rev. 
by J. Bain, Baltimore, Gushing, 181 5. iv, 500 p., maps. 
WL — "In miniature," rev. under direction of J. Morse, 
Boston, Lord, 1816. 408 p., 2 maps. LW — 3d American ed., 
enl. & impr. by W. Darby, Philadelphia, Bennett & Walton, 
1823. I119, 139 p., map. HL — As Darby's Universal gazet- 
teer . . . 2d ed., enl. & impr., i'i^'J., 1827. vii, 892p.,map. L — 
As Darby's Universal geographical dictionary ... 3d ed., 
Washington, Gales & Seaton, 1843. vi, 990 p. WL 

Also, rev. by J. Marshall, London, 183 1. B — American 
ed., enl., Philadelphia, Marshall, 1839. 799, [25] p. J — Phila- 
delphia, Butler, 1843. 56, 816 p. W — Boston, Philhps & 
Sampson, 1848. 56, 816 p. L — Ibid., iS^o. 56, 816 p. D 

Also, rev. iDy A. G. Findlay, London, 1842. B — New ed., 
London, Tegg, 1851. xv, 907 p., maps. L — London, 1853 
[1852]. B — Ibid.,i8s'j. B— Ibid., 1865. B —Abridged ed., 
ibid., 1842. B — Ibid., 1854. B — Ibid., 1862. B 

Information about the West is very meager in the earlier 
editions but is more extensive in the later and especially in the 
American editions. 

1766 
Gordon, Captain Harry. [Journal of an expedition 
from Philadelphia to the Illinois and down the 
Mississippi to New Orleans.] Charles A. Hanna, 
The wilderness trail, 11, 40-55 (New York & Lon- 
don, Putnam, 191 1. 2 V.) UINWL 9 

Reprinted in part in Missouri Historical Society, Col- 
lections, III, 437-443 (191 1). IHWL — An "abridged and inac- 
curate version " of part of the "Journal" was published in Pow- 
NALL, Topographical description, appendix iv, pp. 2-5 (no. 28a). 



20 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

UIHNWL — This version is reprinted in Illinois State His- 
torical Society, Journal, ii, no. 2, pp. 55-64 (Jiily, 1909). 
umjNWL — Reprinted from the original manuscript in Al- 
VORD & Carter, Trade and land speculation (see no. 13a). 

The complete journal tells in detail of the trip down the 
Ohio and up the Mississippi, with descriptions of the country, 
the forts, and the French villages, and comments on the fur 
trade. Gordon was accompanied by George Croghan and a 
letter from him, dated at Fort de Chartres, September 10, 1766, 
is printed by Hanna (pp. 49-51) and also by Alvord and Carter. 

1766 

Jennings, John. "Journal from Fort Pitt to Fort 

Chartres in the IlHnois country," March-April, 1766. 

Pennsylvania magazine of history and biography, 

XXXI, 145-156 (1907). UmCNWL 10 

Reprinted in Alvord & Carter, Trade and land speculation 
(see no. 13a). 

Printed from the original manuscript belonging to the Penn- 
sylvania Historical Society. Tells of a trading expedition down 
the Ohio and up the Mississippi to Kaskaskia and Fort de Char- 
tres. The French villages are described and there is a brief 
account of a ball at Fort de Chartres. 

1766 

Postlethwayt, Malachy. The universal dictionary of 
trade and commerce; with large additions and im- 
provements, adapting the same to the present state 
of British affairs in America, since the last treaty of 
peace made in the year 1 763 ; with a great variety of 
new remarks and illustrations incorporated through- 
out the whole; together with every thing essential 
that is contained in Savary's dictionary . . . 3d ed., 
London, Woodfall, etc., 1766. 2 v., 24 maps. JCL 11 

4th ed., London, Strahan, etc., 1774. 2 v., maps. UW 
The first edition of Savary des Bruslons, Dictionaire universal 
de commerce was pubhshed in Paris in 1723; the first EngHsh 
edition "with large additions . . . by Malachy Postlethwayt" 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 21 

was published in London, 1751-55. The articles "Louisiana" 
and "Mississippi" in the third and fourth editions contain in- 
cidental material on the Illinois country after the peace. 

1766 
[Wharton, Samuel, and others.] Reasons for establish- 
ing a British colony at the Illinois with some 
proposals for carrying the same into immediate 
execution. Clarence E. Carter, Great Britain 
and the Illinois country, appendix ii, pp. 172— 181 
(Washington, American Historical Association, 19 10. 
ix, 223 p.) UmCNWL 12 

Reprinted in Alvord & Carter, Trade and land speculation 
(see no. 13a). 

This document, drawn up by Philadelphia merchants inter- 
ested in the Illinois trade, was forwarded to the Board of Trade 
by Sir William Johnson on July 10, 1766. It contains an ac- 
count of the Illinois country, its inhabitants and resources. 

1766-67 
Clarkson, Matthew. Diary west of the Alleghanies, in 
1766. Henry R. Schoolcraft, Information re- 
specting the history, condition, and prospects of the 
Indian tribes of the U^iited States, iv, 265-278 (Phil- 
adelphia, Lippincott, etc., 1851-57. 6 v.) WL 13 

Also, i6i J., 1852-57. 6v. UIL — /ijj., 1852-56. 5 V. H — 
/iz^., 1853-56. 5 V. N — /Jiff., 1853-60. 6v. N — Ks, Archives 
of aboriginal knowledge . . . Ibid., 1S60-6S. 6 v. ON — ^The 
"Diary" is reprinted in Alvord & Carter, Trade and land 
speculation (see no. 13a). 

Clarkson was a trader in the employ of the firm of Baynton, 
Wharton, and Morgan. His notes on the Illinois country 
are very brief but throw some light on Indian customs and trade 
conditions. 

1766-70 
Morgan, George. [Letters and journals.] Alvord 
& Carter, Trade and land speculation, iy66-iy6g 
and The eve of the Revolutio7i, 1770-1778 {Illinois 



2 2 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

historical collections, xi, xii. Springfield, Illinois 

State Historical Library, in press). 13a 

Morgan was a member of the Philadelphia trading firm of 
Baynton, Wharton, and Morgan, and was in charge of opera- 
tions in the Illinois country. His letters and journals are 
extensive and detailed. They tell of trips to and in the 
Illinois country, of trading operations, and of political condi- 
tions; and contain accounts of the French settlements and of the 
Indians. 

1766-72 
Hutchins, Thomas. A topographical description of 
Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Caro- 
lina, comprehending the rivers Ohio, Kenhawa, 
Sioto [sic], Cherokee, Wabash, Illinois, Missisippi, 
&c.; the climate, soil and produce, whether animal, 
vegetable, or mineral; the mountains, creeks, roads, 
distances, latitudes, &c., and of every part, laid down 
in the annexed map . . . with a plan of the rapids 
of the Ohio, a plan of the several villages in the 
Illinois country, a table of the distances between 
Fort Pitt and the mouth of the Ohio . . . and an 
appendix, containing Mr. Patrick Kennedy's Journal 
up the Illinois River and a correct list of the different 
nations and tribes of Indians, with the number of 
fighting men, &c. London, author, 1778. ii, 68 p., 
map. D 14 

2d impression, ihid., 1778. ii, 67 p., maps. MIHNWL — 
French ed., Paris, Le Rouge, 1781. 68, [4] p., 2 maps. NWLD — 
2d ed. in English, Boston, Norman, pr., 1787. 30, 2 p., 2 maps. 
MD — Reprinted in Imlay, Topographical description, 3d ed., 
1797 (no . 43 ) . UMIHCNWL — Reprint of original ed. , by C. Hicks, 
Cleveland, Biirrows, 1904. 143 p., map. UIWL 

Hutchins was a captain in the British army and was in the 
Illinois country in 1766 and from 1768 to 1770. His book, 
which was intended to explain the accompanying map, is one 
of the most valuable sources for the Illinois country during the 
British period. It contains statistics of population for 1771 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 23 

and a reference to the abandonment of Fort de Chartres in 
1772. The Hicks edition is the best for the student. It 
contains a biographical sketch of Hutchins and a Hst of his 
works with bibHographical data. For a somewhat different 
version of the part relating to the Illinois, see "Hutchins' 
Description of Illinois, 1770," in Alvord & Carter, Eve of 
the Revolution (see no. 13a). For Kennedy, "Journal," see 
no. 25. 

Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio; Winsor, America, vi, 700. 

1767 
[Mitchell, John.] The present state of Great Britain 
and North America, with regard to agriculture, popu- 
lation, trade, and manufactures, impartially consid- 
ered . . . London, Becket, etc., 1767. xvi, 364 p. 
UNWL 15 

Sets forth the advantages of the western country as con- 
trasted with Canada and Florida and favors opening it up to 
settlement. 

1768 
Phyn, [Lieutenant George]. [Letter] to [Sir William] 
Johnson, April 15, 1768. Alvord & Carter, 
Trade and land speculation (see no. 13a). 16 

Phyn had just been through the IlHnois country and wrote 
from Mobile giving a brief account of the soil, rivers, French 
settlements, and trade conditions. 

1768 
The present state of the British empire in Europe, 
America, Africa and Asia; containing a concise 
account of our possessions in every part of the globe 
. . . London, Grififiin, etc., 1768. vi, 486 p., maps. 
NL 17 

Touches on the Illinois country in the sections on West 
Florida. The work is attributed by Sabin to J. Goldsmith. 

Monthly review, xxxix, 405-407 (November, 1768); Sabin, 
Dictionary, no. 27718. 



24 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1768-69 
Wilkins, Lieutenant Colonel [John]. Extract of a 
letter ... to the secretary at war, dated Fort 
Chartres s^^ December, 1769. Alvord & Car- 
ter, Trade and land speculation (see no. 13a). 17a 

Wilkins took command in the Illinois country in September, 
1768. In this letter he treats of the soil, rivers, agricultural 
and mineral products and prospects, French settlements, 
Indians, and trade conditions. The situation of Fort de 
Chartres is described at length. 

1768-71 
[Butricke, George.] Affairs at Fort Chartres, 1 768-1 781 
[i.e. 1771]. Albany, Munsell, 1864. 12 p. MIHNW 18 

Reprinted from the Historical magazine, viii, 257-266 (August, 
1864). ICNL Reprinted in Alvord & Carter, Trade and land 
speculation and Eve of the Revolution (see no. 13a). 

Letters from an ensign in the British garrison at Fort de 
Chartres telling of the trip by the Ohio and Mississippi rivers 
to Kaskaskia and Fort de Chartres in 1768 and of life and 
conditions in the IlHnois country. Extracts from two of these 
letters are in Wisconsin historical collections, xvin, 296, 299 
(1908). 

1769 
Taylor, G. A voyage to North America, perform'd by 
G. Taylor, of Sheffield, in the years 1768, and 1769 
. . . the author's manner of trading with the Indians 
. . . his setting sail from Philadelphia to New 
Orleans, in West Florida, up the river Mississippi, 
to the Illinois, and down from Fort Chartres, over 
the Ohio River . . . with a particular account of 
the climate, soil, and disposition of the inhabitants 
in each settlement . . . Nottingham, author, 1771. 
248 p. NW i9 

The account of the Illinois trip is not very detailed but 
contains some notes on the country and the Indians. The 
author was in the Illinois country in January. 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 25 

1770 

Entick, John. An historical and geographical descrip- 
tion of the British empire; containing a state of the 
kingdoms, principalities, governments, islands; com- 
mercial, civil, and military establishments, depend- 
ant on the crown of Great-Britain, in every part of 
the world . . . originally compiled by the late 
John Entick, and improved by James Webster. 
London, 1770. 4 v. S 20 

London, Fielding, n. d. 4 v., maps. UN — Reissued without 
change as The present state of the British empire . . . Lon- 
don, Law, etc., 1774. 4 v., maps. L (n-iv, U) — Ibid., 1775. 
4 V. S (i, U) 

The treatment of the Illinois country is in the sections 
devoted to West Florida and Louisiana. It is confined prin- 
cipally to an account of the rivers. 

1770 
Wynne, [John H.] A general history of the British 
empire in America; containing, an historical, political, 
and commercial view of the English settlements, in- 
cluding all the countries in North-America, and the 
West Indies, ceded by the peace of Paris. London, 
Richardson & Urquhart, 1770. 2 v., map. HNWL 21 

The description of the Illinois country is in the section on 
West Florida, which is taken from Coxe, Carolana (ist ed., 
London, 1722), without credit. 

Monthly review, xlv, 386-394, 432-436 (November, Decem- 
ber, 1 771). 

I 770- I 842 

Guthrie, William. A new system of modern geography ; 
or, A geographical, historical and commercial gram- 
mar; and present state of the several kingdoms of 
the world . . . London, Knox, 1770. viii, xlvi, 
656 p. L 22 



26 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

New ed., enl., London, Dilly, 1780. xii, 795 p., 21 maps. 
UL — Ibid., 1786. S — 4th ed., ibid., 1788. S — 5th ed., enl., 
ibid., 1792. C — 6th ed., enl., ibid., 1795. I — 7tli ed., enl., 
London, Rivington, 1811. x, 1115 p. L — ist American ed., 
enl., Philadelphia, Carey, 1794-95. 2 v., 49 maps. WL — 
Spanish ed., Madrid, 1804-08. 12 v. S 

Reissued as A new geographical historical and commercial 
grammar . . . New ed., London, Knox, 1771. 766 p. L — 
■ 2d ed., ibid. B — 3d ed., enl., ibid. B — 4th ed., eTA.,ibid., 
1774, B — New ed., enl., ibid., 1777. 768 p. W — 6th 
ed., enl., London, 1779. B — 8th ed., London, Dilly, 1783. 
848 p., map. S — 9th ed., ibid., 1785. 928 p., map. S — 
loth ed., ibid., 1787. B — nth ed., ibid., 1788. S — 13th ed., 
ibid., 1792. 12, 928 p., maps. "WL — 14th ed., ibid., 1794. 2 v. 
B — i6tli ed., ibid., 1796. xii, 968 p. H — 17th ed., enl., 
London, 1798. B — i8th ed., ibid., 1801. 1076 p. S — 19th 
ed., enl., ibid., 1801. B — Montrose, 1805. S — 21st ed., 
London, 1808. B — 23d ed., rev., London, Rivington, 1819. 
XX, 923 p. U — 24th ed., ibid., 1827. xiv, 928 p. L — 
New ed., rev. to 1842 by H. A. Davenport, London, 1843. 
B — ist American ed., impr., Philadelphia, etc., Johnson & 
Warner, 1809. 2 v., maps. W — 2d American ed., impr., 
ibid., 1815. 2 V. W — 3d American ed., enl., Philadelphia, 
Warner, 1820. 2 v. & atlas. L 

Most of the editions, and especially those issued in America, 
treat more or less extensively of Illinois and the western country. 

Monthly review, xlv, 428-432 (December, 1771); lxii, 490 
(June, 1780). 

1772 

Invitation serieuse aux habitants des Illinois. [Phila- 
delphia, Dunlap, pr., 1772.] 15 p. 23 

Reprinted in facsimile with an introduction by C. W. Alvord 
and C. E. Carter, Providence, Rhode Island, 1908. 53 p. (Club 
FOR Colonial Reprints, Publications, iv.) UICNWL — Eng- 
lish trans, by Lydia M. Brauer in Illinois State Historical 
Society, Transactions, 1908, pp. 261-268. UIHJCNWL — Both 
original and translation reprinted in Alvord & Carter, Eve of 
the Revolution (see no. 13a). 

The only known copy of the original is in the possession of 
the Philadelphia Library Company. It is signed " Un Habitant 
des Kaskaskia" and is a plea to the French people in the 
Illinois country to strive for economic independence. The 
productions and possibihties of the country are discussed. 



I N V I i' A T I O 


N 


s 


E 


R I E U S 

A U X 


E . 


H 

- 


A 


B I T A N T 

D £ S 


s 


1 


L 


L I N O I 

» 
PHILADELPHIE 
M DCCLWII 


s. 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 27 

1773 
The history of the British dominions in North America ; 
from the first discovery of that vast continent by 
Sebastian Cabot in 1497, to its present glorious es- 
tablishment as confirmed by the late treaty of peace 
in 1763 . . . London, Strahan, etc., i'J'J2>- 6, 297, 
275 p., map. NL 24 

The chapters on Lomsiana contain descriptive matter on the 
Illinois country and its rivers. 

1773 
Kennedy, Patrick. Journal of an expedition under- 
taken by himself and several coureurs de bois in the 
year 1773, from Kaskaskias village in the Illinois 
country to the head waters of the Illinois River. 
HuTCHiNS, Topographical description of Virginia, 
appendix i, pp. 51—63 (London, author, 1778). 
MHNWLD 25 

For other editions of Hutchins, Topographical description, 
see nos. 14 and 43. UMIHCNWL — Kennedy, "Journal " is also in 
William Waring, Poor Will's Almanack for the year of our 
ZorJ, 1755 (Philadelphia, Crukshank [1787]. 36 p.) NL — ^Also 
in Alvord & Carter, Eve of the Revolution (see no. 13a). 

The expedition was in search of copper mines and the country 
passed through is described in some detail. 

1774 

[Hay, Jehu?] The road from Detroit to the Illinois. 

Alvord & Carter, Eve of the Revolution (see no. 

13a). 25a 

This is part of a document endorsed: "List of the Inhabi- 
tants of Post Vincene on the Wabash by Mr Hay. the 15th 
feby 74." It indicates the routes, with distances from place to 
place and notes on Indian settlements, etc., by way of Fort 
Miami, Ouiatanon, and Vincennes and by way of St. Joseph 
and the Kankakee, Illinois, and Mississippi rivers. 



28 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1775 
Das Nord-Amerika historisch und geographisch be- 

schrieben . . . Hamburg, Ritter, e/c, 1777-78. 4 V., 

map. LD 26 

Contains descriptive notes on the Mississippi, Ohio, and 
Illinois rivers, and an account of some of the western Indian 
tribes. The preface to the first volume, which contains the 
above, is dated at Philadelphia, July 18, 1875. 

1776 
The history of North America containing an exact 
account of their first settlements; their situation, 
climate, soil, produce, beasts, birds, fishes, com- 
modities, manufactures, commerce, religion, charters, 
laws, governments, cities, towns, ports, rivers, lakes, 
mountains, and fortifications; with the present state 
of the different colonies; and a large introduction. 
London, Millar, e/c, 1776. 284 p., map. WL 27 

Contains an account of the Illinois country in the section on 
Florida which is taken almost bodily from Coxe, Carolana 
(ist ed., London, 1722). 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1776 
The North American and the West Indian gazetteer; 
containing an authentic description of the colonies 
and islands in that part of the globe, showing their 
situation, climate, soil, produce, and trade; with 
their former and present condition; also an exact 
account of the cities, towns, harbours, ports, bays, 
rivers, lakes, mountains, number of inhabitants, &c. 
London, Robinson, 1776. xxiv, [220] p., 2 maps. 
HN 28 

2d ed., ibid., 1778. xxiv, [218] p., 2 maps. UHL 
A compilation of little value. Contains an account of the 
Illinois country under "Mississippi." 

Monthly review, lvi, 70 (January, 1777); Sabin, Dictionary. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 29 

1776 

Pownall, T[hoinas]. A topographical description of 

such parts of North America as are contained in 

the (annexed) map of the middle British colonies, 

etc., in North America. London, Almon, pr., 1776. 

vi, 46, 16 p. UmNWL 28a 

Contains descriptions of the Ohio and Wabash rivers and a 
paragraph on the IlHnois country. One of the appendixes 
contains the first version in print of Gordon, "Journal" (no. 9). 

1777 

Clark, George R. [Letter of] George Rogers Clark to 
[Patrick Henry?]. American historical review, viii, 
491-494 (April, 1903). umCNWL 29 

Reprinted in James, Clark papers, lyji-iySi, pp. 30-33 (see 
no. 31). umjCNWL 

Clark had sent spies to note the conditions in the French 
villages of the IlUnois country and this letter is probably based 
on the information gathered by them. It describes Kaskaskia 
and Fort de Chartres in some detail and discusses the desirabil- 
ity of an expedition against them. 

1778-79 

Bowman, Joseph. [Accounts of Clark's expedition 

to the Illinois.] James, Clark papers, lyyi-jySi, pp. 

155-164, 612-617 (see no. 31). umjCNWL 30 

Two letters written July 30, 1778 to John Hite and George 
Brinker, respectively, and "A journal of Col. G. R. Clarks 
proceedings from the 29*'" Jan'y 1779 to the 20'^ March 
ins'." The letter to Hite was first published in The remem- 
brancer; or, Impartial repository of public events, for the year lyjg, 
p. 82 (London, Almon, 1779. 390 p.) It was reprinted and 
the letter to Brinker was first published in English, Conquest 
of the country northwest of the river Ohio, i, 557-565 (see no. 31). 
The "Journal" was first published in the Louisville literary 
. news-letter, November 21, 1840. It was reprinted in Clark's 
Sketch of his campaign in the Illinois, 98-1 11 (see no. 31), and 
in English, Conquest, 1, 567-578. 



so ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The letters tell of the expedition to Kaskaskia and of the 
French villages. The "Journal" tells of the expedition from 
Kaskaskia to Vincennes. They are valuable sources of infor- 
mation about the country and the events of American 
occupation. 

1778-79 
Clark, George R. [Accounts of his expedition to the 
Illinois.] James A. James, George Rogers Clark 
papers, lyyi-iySi, pp. i 14-154, 164-174, 208-302 
(Illinois historical collections, viii . Springfield, Illinois 
State Historical Library, 191 2. clxvii, 715 p.) 

UIHJNWL 31 

Clark wrote several accounts of his expedition, all of which 
are included in the above. His "Letter to Mason" was first 
published as Col. George Rogers Clark's Sketch of his campaign 
in the Illinois in lyjS-g; with an introduction by Hon. Henry 
Pirtle of Louisville . . . Cincinnati, Clarke, 1869. viii, 119 p. 
(Ohio Valley historical series [no. 3].) — Clark's "Journal" was 
first published in the American historical review, 1, 90-96 
(October, 1895). His letter "to the governor of Virginia" 
was first published in Thomas Jefferson, Writings (Washington 
ed.), I, 222-226 (see no. 32). It is also in William W. Henry, 
Life, correspondence, and speeches of Patrick Henry, in, 233-238 
(New York, Scribner, 1891. 3 v.) Clark's "Memoir" 
appeared first in William H. English, Conquest of the country 
northwest of the river Ohio and life of George Rogers Clark, i, 
457-555 (Indianapolis, Bowen-Merrill, 1897. 2 v.) In- 
accurate versions of the other docimients also are in ibid., 
385-391, 395-402, 411-456. Extracts from all of them are in 
H. W. Beckwith, Collections of the Illinois State Historical 
Library, i, passim (Springfield, Rokker, pr., 1903). 

In these documents Clark tells of his march to Kaskaskia and 
of his subsequent activities in the Illinois coimtry. They are 
valuable sources for a knowledge not only of the events of the 
American occupation, but also of the conditions in the French 
villages and the character of the coxmtry at that time. 

1781 

[Jefferson, Thomas.] Notes on the state of Virginia; 
written in the year 1781, somewhat corrected and 
enlarged in the winter of 1782, for the use of a 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 31 

foreigner of distinction, in answer to certain queries 
proposed by him . . . 1782. [Paris, printed 1784- 
85-] 391 P- NL 32 

French ed., Paris, Barrois, 1786. viii, 390 p., map. NL — 
English ed. with author's name, London, Stockdale, 1787. 
382 p., map. UNWL — Philadelphia, Prichard & Hall, pr., 1788. 
244 p. NL — 2d American ed., Philadelphia, 1788. 336 p. — 
German ed., Leipzig, 1789. — Philadelphia, 1792. 336 p. — Ibid., 
Carey, 1794. 336 p., map. HNL — Baltimore, Pechin, 1800. 
194, 53, 21 p. L — With "Dissertation," ibid. F — 3d 
American ed.. New York, Davis, 1801. 392 p., map. L — 3d 
American ed.. New York, Furman & Loudon, 1801. 392 p., 
map. FE — 3d American ed., Newark, Pennington & Gould, 
pr., 1801. 392 p. NL — 4th American ed.. New York, Janson, 
1801. — Philadelphia, Rawle, 1801. 436, 56 p., map. IHNWL — 
8th American ed., Boston, T?homas & Andrews, 1801. 364 p., 
map. NL — 9th American ed., Boston, Sprague, 1802. 368 p., 
map. L — Trenton, Wilson & Blackwell, etc., 1803. 365 p. 
NL — New York, 1804. 392 p. — Philadelphia, Carey, 1812. — 
Trenton, 1812. — Philadelphia, Hogan & Thompson, 1815. — 
Philadelphia, Carey & Lea, etc., 1825. 344 p. NWL — Boston, 
Wells & Lilly, 1829. 280 p. NL— Boston, Lilly & Wait, 1832. 
280 p. NWL — New ed., Richmond, Va., Randolph, 1853. iv, 
275 p., map. WL — Brooklyn, Historical Printing Club, 1894. 
235 p. WL — Also in his Writings. Washington ed., Washing- 
ton, Taylor & Maury, 1853-54. 9 V. UNL — Philadelphia, 
Lippincott, 1869-71. 9 v. CNWL — Ford ed.. New York & 
London, Putnam, 1892-99, 10 v. UJCNWL — Memorial ed., 
Washington, Jefferson Memorial Association, 1903-04. 20 v. 
L — hihrsLTy ed., ibid. 20 v. C — Monticello ed., i6/(/., 1904+. 
L — Federal ed. (Ford's), New York & London, Putnam, 1904-05. 
1 2 v., map. L — Definitive ed., Washington, Jefferson Memorial 
Association, 1905. 20V. inio. L 

Although written after Virginia had offered to cede her claims 
to the Northwest to the general government, Jefferson includes 
a description of the rivers of Illinois and of the Illinois-Chicago 
portage. 

Monthly review, lxxviii, 377-382, 459-464 (May, June, 1788). 

1783 
Moser, Johann J. Nord-Amerika nach den Friedens- 
schlussen vom Jahr 1783: nebst i. einem Vorbericht 



32 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

von Amerika iiberhaupt; 2. einigen Chart en; und 3. 
einem hinlanglichen Register. Leipzig, Jiinius, 1784- 

85. 3 v., maps. WL 33 

A curious compilation with scattered references to the Illinois 
country, especially in the section on "Indianischen- Amerika." 
Bibliographies and lists of maps accompany each section. 

1783-84 
Perrault, Jean B. Narrative of the travels and ad- 
ventures of a merchant voyageur in the savage 
territories of northern America . . . edited by John 
Sharpless Fox. Michigan pioneer and historical 
collections, xxxvii, 508-619 (1909-10). UIHCNWL 34 

A translation of the original in the Schoolcraft manuscripts 
of the Smithsonian Institution at Washington. Part of the 
narrative, also in translation, was pubHshed by Schoolcraft in 
his Information respecting the history, condition, and prospects 
of the Indian tribes of the United States, in, 351-369 (see no. 13). 
Perrault tells briefly of a trading expedition from Mackinac to 
St. Louis and Cahokia; of the winter there; and of the return 
in the spring. 

I 784- I 826 
Morse, Jedidiah. Geography made easy ... a gen- 
eral description of the earth ... a particular de- 
scription of the United States . . . New Haven, 
Meigs, etc., pr. [1784]. 214 p., 2 maps. L 35 

2d ed., Boston, Thomas, pr., 1790. 322 p., 2 maps. NB — 
4th ed., Boston, Thomas & Andrews, pr., 1794. 432 P-, 9 maps. 
HL — 5th ed., ibid., 1796. 432 p., maps. D — 6th ed., ibid., 
1798 — 7th ed., ibid., 1800. 432 p., 2 maps. H — 8th ed., 
ibid., 1802. 432 p. H — 9th ed., ibid., 1804. 432 p., maps. 
F — loth ed., corr., ikW., 1806. 432 p., maps. HWL — iithed., 
ibid., 1807. 432 p., 2 maps. NL — 14th ed., ibid., 1811. 362 p., 
2 maps. S — 15th ed., ibid., 1812. 360 p., 2 maps. HL — 
i6thed., ibid., iSiT,. 364 p., 2 maps. ND — From the 1 6th ed., 
Troy, Parker & Bliss, pr., 1814. B— 17th ed., Boston, 
Thomas & Andrews, 1814. viii, 364 p., map. L — 2d Troy 
ed., Troy, Parker & Bliss, pr., 1816. 364 p., 2 maps. L — 
i8th ed., Boston, Thomas & Andrews, 1816. 364 p., maps & 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 33 

atlas. L — 19th ed., ibid., 1818. 364 p., maps. L — 20th 
ed., Utica, Williams, 1819. 364 p., 2 maps. D — 22d ed., by 
Jedidiah Morse & Sidney E. Morse, Boston, Richardson & 
Lord, 1820. 368 p. & atlas. WL — 23d ed., as A new system 
of geography . . . Ibid., 1822. 278, 100 p. & atlas. L — 25th 
ed., ibid., 1826. 342 p. & atlas. L 

Also, Elements of geography ... on a new plan . . . 
Boston, Thomas & Andrews, pr., 1795. 143 p., 2 maps. 
D — 2ded., ibid., 1796. D — 3ded.,impr., ibid., 1798. 143 p., 
maps. S — 4th ed., impr., ibid., 1801. D — 5th ed., impr., 
ibid., 1804. 143 p., 2 maps. D — 6th ed., rev., New Haven, 
Howe, 1825. 162 p. L 

The first editions were precursors of his American universal 
geography (no. 41). The fourth and later editions have the 
subtitle: An abridgement of the American universal geography. 
The work was used as a text-book and the Elements of geography 
appears to have been a further abridgment for school use. 

1786 

Schopf, Johan D. Reise durch einige der mittlem und 

siidlichen Vereinigten Nordamerikanischen Staaten 

. . . untemommen in den Jahren 1783 und 1784 

. . . Erlangen, Palm, 1788. 2 v., map. L 36 

English ed. as Travels in the Confederation . . . Phila- 
delphia, Campbell, 191 1. 2 v. UICNW 

Schopf did not travel west of Pittsburgh but he includes 
a chapter on the western country, compiled from various 
sources about 1786, which is of some interest. 

1787 
Harmar, [Joseph]. [Letter] to the secretary of war. 
William H. Smith, The St. Clair papers, 11, 30-35 
(Cincinnati, Clarke, 1882). UMIHCNWL 37 

General Harmar tells in this letter of his march from Vin- 
ceimes to Kaskaskia. He describes the prairie and the various 
French villages in the Illinois country. 

1788 

Biggs, William. Narrative of William Biggs, while he 
was a prisoner with the Kickepoo Indians, then living 



34 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

opposite the old Weawes town, on the west bank of 
the Wabash River — I [sic] was then living at 
Bellfontain, about forty miles north of Kaskaskia 
village, in the Illinois coiintry, and about twenty 
miles south of Cahokia village, n.p., author, Jime, 
1826. 22 p. HW 38 

Reprinted in Illinois State Historical Society, Trans- 
actions, 1902, pp. 202-215. UIHJCNWL 

Biggs tells of his ten days' march from the Mississippi to the 
Wabash and of his return by water from Vincennes to Kaskas- 
kia. For another account of this captivity, see "A letter 
written by William Biggs, Esq." in Illinois State Historical 
Society, Journal, vi, 129-133 (April, 1913). UIHJCNWL— This 
letter is dated May 28, 1789, and the original is in the Draper 
manuscripts of the Wisconsin Historical Society. 

Western monthly magazine (Hall's), v, 213-220 (April, 1836); 
Hall, Romance of western history, 274-284 (Cincinnati, Clarke, 
1885). 

1788 

[Bonnet, J. Esprit.] Reponse aux principales questions 

qui peuvent etre faites sur les Etats-Unis de I'Ame- 

rique, par un habitant de la Pensylvanie. Lausanne 

[Luquiens?], 1788. 2 v. D 39 

Also, as Reponse . . . par un citoyen adoptif de la Pensyl- 
vanie . . . Lausanne, Luquiens, 1795. 2 v. L — Also, as 
Reponse . . . par un citoyen des Etats-Unis . . . Ibid., 2 v. 
WL — Also, as ktats-Unis de I'Amerique a le fin du XVIII^ siecle; 
par J. E. Bonnet . . . Paris, Maradan [1802]. 2 v. WL 

Contains general descriptive matter and a brief chapter on 
the Northwest Territory. 

Monthly review, 2d series, xix, 575-580 (1796). 

1789-90 

Forman, Samuel S. Narrative of a journey down the 

Ohio and Mississippi in 1789-90; with a memoir and 

illustrative notes by Lyman C. Draper. Cincinnati, 

Clarke, 1888. 67 p. MIHCNWL 40 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 35 

Although written in 1849, this Narrative was not published 
until as above. Major Forman stopped at Fort Massac. 

1789-1819 
Morse, Jedidiah. The American geography; or, A 
view of the present situation of the United States of 
America . . . discovery and general description of 
America . . . general view of the United States 
. . . particular descriptions of the thirteen United 
States, and of Kentucky, the Western Territory, and 
Vermont ; of their extent, civil divisions, chief towns, 
climates, rivers, mountains, soils, productions, trade, 
manufactures, agriculture, population, character, 
constitutions, courts of justice, colleges, academies 
and schools, religion, islands, Indians, literary and 
humane societies, springs, curiosities, histories . . . 
Elizabethtown [New Jersey], author, 1789. xii, 534 
p., 2 maps. WL 41 

2d ed., London, Stockdale, 1792, xvi, 536 p., 2 maps. 
UNWCL — 3d ed., Dublin, Jones, 1792. xvi, 536 p., 2 maps. 
L — New ed., rev. & enl., London, Stockdale, 1794. 715 p., 
3 maps. INL — Ibid. 715 p., 24 maps. WL — Edinburgh, 1795. 
S — Dutch ed., Amsterdam, Hengst, 1793-96. 4 v., maps. 
L — In part in Tableau de la situation actuelle des Etats- Unis 
d'Amerique, d^apres Jedidiah Morse et les meilleurs auteurs 
americains; traduit par C. Pictet. Paris, 1795. 2 v., map. L 

Also as volimie i, of his American universal geography; or, 
A view of the present state of all the empires, kingdoms, states and 
republics in the known world, and of the United States of America 
in particular ... 2d ed., Boston, Thomas & Andrews, 
1793. 2 v., maps. HL — 3d ed., enl., ibid., 1796. 2 v., maps. 
IHL — 4th ed., ibid., 1801-02. 2 v., maps. D — 5th ed., ibid., 
1805. 2 v., 6 maps & atlas. CWL — dXhed.., ibid., 1^12. 2 v., 
maps. UL — 7th ed., Charlestown, Clark; Boston, Lincoln & 
Edmands, 1819. 2 v., maps & atlas. HWL — Abridged as 
A compendious and complete history of modern geography . 
Boston, Thomas & Andrews, 1814. 670 p., 7 maps. H 

The Illinois country is dealt with in the section on the 
"Western Territory." The edition numbers of the Universal 



36 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

geography as given above apply to the first volume, of which his 
A merican geography is reckoned as the first edition. The second 
volume is always one edition behind. For other abridgments 
see his Geography made easy (no. 35). See also, Oliphant, His- 
tory of North A merica (no. 56) . For adverse criticism see J[ames] 
F[reeman], Remarks on the American universal geography 
(Boston, Belknap & Hall, 1793. 61 p.) 

Old Northwest genealogical quarterly, xii, 150-154 (Jvily, 
1909). 

1790 

St. Clair, Arthur. Report of official proceedings in 

the Illinois country from March 5th to June nth, 

1790. William H. Smith, The St. Clair papers, 

II, 164-180 (Cincinnati, Clarke, 1882). UMIHCNWL 42 

Governor St. Clair tells in detail of his trip to the Illinois 
country to establish the new government. The French villages 
are described at some length and there is also a general account 
of the country, its situation, commerce, and prospects. The 
document is a report to the president. St. Clair's correspond- 
ence while in the Illinois country is given in the same volimie 
(pp. 136-146). 

1792 

Imlay, G[ilbert]. A topographical description of the 
western territory of North America; containing a 
succinct account of its climate, natural history, 
population, agriculture, manners, and customs, with 
an ample description of the several divisions into 
which that country is partitioned, and an accurate 
statement of the various tribes of Indians that 
inhabit the frontier country . . . London, Debrett, 

1792. XV, 247 p. HNWL 43 

Also, DubUn, Jones, 1793. xx, 249 p. HC — German ed., 
Berlin, Voss, 1793. 168 p. S — 2d ed., enl., London, Debrett, 

1793. xvi, 433, [20] p., 2 maps. HJNWL — New York, Camp- 
bell, pr., 1793. 2 v., 3 maps. UIL — 3d ed., enl., London, 
Debrett, 1797. xii, 598, [28] p., 4 maps. UMIHCNWL 

Imlay describes himself as "a Captain in the American 
Army during the late War, and a Commissioner for laying 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 37 

out Land in the Back Settlements." His work, which is in the 
form of letters to a friend in England, contains a variety of 
information and speculation about the Northwest. The 
author's name is given incorrectly as "George" on the title- 
page of the second London edition. The third London edition 
contains also reprints of Hutchins, Topographical description 
(no. 14) and Kennedy, "Journal" (no. 25), 

Monthly review, 2d series, viii, 390-401; xx, 265-268; xxiv, 
230-231 (August, 1792; July, 1796; October, 1797); Western 
monthly magazine (Hall's), iii, 368-375 (June, 1835); Tucker- 
man, America, 390; Sabin, Dictionary; Thomson, Bibliography 
of Ohio; Lamed, Literature of American History, no. 1797. 

1795 

Michaux, Andre. Portions of the journal of Andre 
Michaux, botanist, written during his travels in the 
United States and Canada, 1785 to 1796; with an 
introduction and explanatory notes, by C. S. Sargent. 
American Philosophical Society, Proceedings, 

XXVI, I-I45 (1889). UHJNWL 44 

The original is in French. Translation, with some omissions, 
inTnwAiTES, Early western travels, in, 27-104 (Cleveland, Clark, 
1904). UIJCNWL 

Michaux entered Illinois from Vincennes on a herborizing 
expedition in August, 1795, crossed to Kaskaskia, and spent 
some time in and around the French villages which he describes 
and of which he gives population statistics. In October he 
made his way overland to Fort Massac returning in November 
to the American bottom and then in December went along the 
west bank of the Mississippi to the Ohio and on to Nashville. 

1795 
Scott, Joseph. The United States gazetteer; contain- 
ing an authentic description of the several states; 
their situation, extent, boundaries, soil, produce, 
climate, population, trade and manufactures; to- 
gether with the extent, boundaries and population 
of their respective counties . . . Philadelphia, 
Bailey, pr., 1795. vi, [292] p., 19 maps. MIHWL 45 



38 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Rev. & enl. ed. as A geographical dictionary of the United 
States of North America; containing a general description of 
each state . . . Philadelphia, Armstrong, 1805. iv, [584] p., 
map. NWL — Philadelphia, Johnson, 1805. iv, [584] p., map. 
UL 

This first gazetteer of the United States has items on the 
Illinois River, Kaskaskia, the Territory Northwest of the Ohio, 
etc. In the 1805 edition the Illinois country is described in the 
article on Indiana Territory. 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1795 
Winterbotham, W[illiam]. An historical, geographical, 
commercial, and philosophical view of the American 
United States, and of the European settlements in 
America and the West Indies. London, Ridgway, 
1795. 4 v., maps. UIHCNW 46 

2d ed., ibid., 1799. 4 v. N — ist American ed.. New York, 
Reid, 1796. 4 v., maps. WL — Also, The American atlas . . . 
Ibid. 20 maps. (Binder's title: " Winterbotham 's America, 
maps.") L 

Besides incidental information in the general chapters, the 
Illinois coimtry is treated in the chapter on the Northwest 
Territory. The maps show the claims of land companies in 
Illinois. 

1795-1814 
Carey, [Mathew], Carey's American pocket atlas 
. . . with a concise description of each state. 
Philadelphia, Carey, 1796. 118 p., 19 maps. L 47 

2d ed., impr. & enl., ibid., 1801. 114 p., 19 maps. HNL — 
3d ed., impr. & enl., ibid., 1805. 119 p., 19 maps. L — 4th 
ed., impr. & enl., ibid., 1814. iv, 168 p., 23 maps. HWL 

IlHnois is covered under the Northwest or Indiana Territory 
in the earlier editions and the fourth edition contains a two-page 
account of Illinois Territory. 

1796 
Collot, [Georges H. Victor]. Voyage dans I'Amerique 
Septentrionale ; ou. Description des pays arroses par 
le Mississippi, I'Ohio, le Missouri, et autres rivieres 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 39 

affluentes; observations exactes sur le cours et les 

sondes de ses rivieres ; sur les villes, villages, hameaux 

et fermes, de cette partie du Noveau-Monde. Paris, 

Bertrand, 1826. 2 v. & atlas. NL 48 

English ed., ibid. 2 v. in i, & atlas. MNWL 
Both editions are said to have been printed before the death 
of the author in 1805, but were not published until 1826 at 
which time all but one hundred copies of the English edition 
and three hundred of the French were destroyed. Collot 
visited the West, including Illinois, in 1796 at the request of 
Adet, the French minister to the United States. He describes 
in detail the Wabash, Ohio, Mississippi, and Illinois rivers 
and treats of the character and appearance of the country, 
with some information about the settlements. This part of 
the English edition is reprinted in Illinois State Historical 
Society, Transactions, 1908, pp. 269-298. The atlas contains 
a valuable detailed map of the American bottom, which has 
been several times reproduced. 

Portfolio, IV, 30 (January 28, 1830); Sabin, Dictionary; 
Boggess, Illinois, 217. 

1796 

Volney, C[onstantin] F. Tableau du climat et du sol 
des £tats-Unis d'Amerique; suivi d'eclaircissemens 
sur la Floride, sur la colonie frangaise au Scioto, sur 
quelques colonies canadiennes et sur les sauvages 
. . . Paris, Courcier& Dantu, 1803. 2 v. in i, xvi, 
532 p., 2 maps. UMNWLD 49 

English ed., London, Johnson, 1804. xxiv, vi, 503 p., maps. 
IMJCL — Philadelphia, Conrad, etc., 1804. xxviii, 446 p., 
maps. HJL — German ed., Hamburg, etc., Vollmer, 1804. 
2 v., map. (Magazin der neuesten und besten ausldndischen 
Reisebeschreibungen, v, vi.) L — In his (Euvres completes, vii 
(Paris, 1821. 8 V.) L — In his (Euvres, iv ([Paris, 1825-26.] 
7 V.) C — Italian ed., 1840. B — Prato, Giachetti, 1845. 
190 p. (F. C. Marmocchi, Raccolta di viage, xviii.) NL 

Besides the descriptive material in the general chapters, the 
appendix contains an extensive account of the French settle- 
ments on the Wabash and in the Illinois country, which em- 
bodies information gathered by Volney on the trip to Vincennes 
in 1796. He did not visit the Illinois country but made 



'40 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

inquiries of others about it. The section devoted to the Indians 
is of interest also. 

Western monthly magazine (Hall's), iv, 190-196 (September, 
1835); Tuckerman, America, 97-107; Thomson, Bibliography 
of Ohio; Lamed, Literature of American History ^ no. 543; 
Boggess, Illinois, 232. 

1796-97 
Ellicott, Andrew. The journal of Andrew EUicott, late 
commissioner on behalf of the United States during 
part of the year 1796, the years 1797, 1798, 1799, and 
part of the year 1800; for determining the boundary 
between the United States and the possessions of his 
Catholic Majesty in America, containing occasional 
remarks on the situation, soil, rivers, natural produc- 
tions, and diseases of the different countries on the 
Ohio, Mississippi, and Gulf of Mexico, with six maps 
. . . Philadelphia, Dobson, 1803. vii, 299, 153 p., 
maps. UIHNWL 50 

Also, Philadelphia, Fry, 1814. vii, 299, 151 p., maps. MC 
Deals mainly with the lower Mississippi Valley but the first 

two chapters present a detailed journal of the trip down the 

Ohio and Mississippi in 1796-97, with a stop at Fort Massac. 

One of the maps shows the course of the Ohio from Cincinnati 

to its mouth. 
Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 1776. 

1797 
Austin, Moses. A memorandum of M. Austin's 
jotimey from the lead mines in the county of Wythe 
in the state of Virginia to the lead mines in the 
province of Louisiana west of the Mississippi, 1796- 
1797. American historical review, v, 518—542 (April, 

1900). umcNWL 51 

Edited by Professor George P. Garrison from the original 
in the possession of Colonel Guy M. Bryan, of Austin, Texas. 
Austin crossed the wilderness between Vincennes and St. Louis 
in January, 1797, getting lost on the way and finally bringing 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 41 

up at Whiteside's Station. Later he visited all the villages 
of the Illinois country and his detailed descriptions of them, 
together w-ith accounts of the neighboring Indians, are interest- 
ing and valuable. 

1797 

Baily, Francis. Journal of a tour in the unsettled 

parts of North America, in 1796 & 1797. London, 

Baily, 1856. xii, 439 p. IHNW 52 

Baily stopped at Fort Massac on his way down the Ohio in 
1797, Parts of the book teUing of travels in Pennsylvania and 
Ohio are reprinted in Archer B. Hulbert, Pioneer roads and 
experiences of travelers, i, 106-150 {Historic highways, xi. 
Cleveland, Clark, 1904). 

Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

I 797- I 826 
Morse, Jedidiah. The American gazetteer, exhibiting, 
in alphabetical order, a much more full and accurate 
account, than has been given, of the states, provinces, 
counties, cities, towns ... on the American conti- 
nent . . . Boston, Hall, etc., pr., 1797. 627 p., 7 
maps. UHCWL 53 

2d ed., enl., London, Stockdale, etc., 1798. viii, 634 p., 
7 maps. INW — 2d ed., rev. & enl., Charleston, Etheridge; 
Boston, Thomas & Andrews, 1804. vi, [628] p., 6 maps. 
HWL — 3d ed., rev. & enl., Boston, Thomas & Andrews, 1810. 
2 maps. IHWL — As vol. i of his Universal gazetteer oj the eastern 
and western continents. Boston, 1810. 2 v. S — This last 
was consolidated into one alphabet and issued as A new univer- 
sal gazetteer, or geographical dictionary; by Jedidiah Morse 
. . . and Richard C. Morse. 3d ed., rev., New Haven, 
Converse; Hartford, Andrus, 1821. 832 p. HWL — 4th ed., 
rev.. New Haven, Converse, 1823. 856 p. W — Also, Am 
abridgement of the American gazetteer . . . Boston, Thomas 
& Andrews, 1798. 388 p., map. L — 2d ed., Troy, 1816. 
S — Also, The traveller's guide; or. Pocket gazetteer of the United 
States; extracted from the latest edition of Morse's Universal 
gazetteer . . . New Haven, Whiting, 1823. 323 p., map. IL 
— 2d ed., enl. & rev., New Haven, Wadsworth, 1826. 336 p., 
maps. HL 



42 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Descriptive matter on Illinois under various heads in the 
different editions. 
Sabin, Dictionary. 

1798-1808 
Crutwell, Rev. Clement. The new universal gazetteer; 
or, Geographical dictionary . . . London, Robin- 
son, etc., 1798. 3 V. & atlas. L 54 

2d ed., London, Longmans, etc., 1808. 4 v. & atlas. A 
Notices the towns and rivers in the Illinois country. 

I 799- I 800 

Scott, Joseph. The new and universal gazetteer; or, 

Modern geographical dictionary . . . Philadelphia, 

Bailey, 1 799-1 800. 4 v., maps. L 55 

Devotes seven columns to the Territory Northwest of the 
Ohio River. 

1800 
Oliphant, Edward. The history of North America and 
its United States, including also, a distinct history of 
each individual state; its manners and customs, 
trade, commerce, religion, and government; manu- 
factures and agriculture, climate, soil, and produce; 
with new tables . . . Edinburgh, Paul, 1800. 
408 p., map. NL 56 

2d ed., ibid., 1801. 408 p. W 

The preface of the second edition states that the work is 
"for the most part, a literal copy of Morse's American Geogra- 
phy " (no. 41). The Illinois country is dealt with in the section 
on the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1800-54 

Reynolds, John. My own times, embracing also the 

history of my life. [Belleville] Illinois [Perryman & 

Davison, pr.], 1855. 600, xxiii, p. UMIHCNL 57 

Reprinted, Chicago, Fergus, 1879. xx, 395 p. (Chicago 
Historical Society, Publications.) IHCNWL 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 43 

Governor Reynolds came to Illinois with his parents in 1800. 
The book deals extensively with social, economic, and political 
conditions in the pioneer period and with the Black Hawk War. 
While not reliable for specific facts and events, it is a good 
picture of frontier society. 

Lamed, Literature oj American history, no. 3378; Boggess, 
Illinois, 229. 

1801 
Schafifer, D. F. Der Weltumsegler. Berlin, 1 801-10. 

6 V. 58 

Vol. I reissued as Beschreihung von Amerika und West Indien. 
Berlin, 18 13. S — French ed., Berlin, Nouvelle Societe Typo- 
graphique, 1813. viii, 293 p. L 

Contains a general account of the United States and a short 
notice of each state. The Northwest Territory is described 
briefly imder the heading: "L'Etat du Congress." 

1801-24 
[Cramer, Zadok.] The Ohio and Mississippi navigator 
comprising an ample account of those beautiful rivers 
from the head of the former to the mouth of the 
latter, a description of the several towns, posts, har- 
bours, settlements, &c. on and bordering their 
banks; particular directions how to navigate them, 
as well in times of high freshe[t]s as when the water 
is low; a description of their rocks, ripples, channels, 
islands, bluffs, creeks, bayous, sand bars, &c.; and 
the distances from place to place with a description 
of and directions how to navigate the Allegheny & 
Monongahela rivers; compiled from late MS journals 
of gentlemen of observation, and from information 
obtained of the best pilots. New ed., corr., Pitts- 
burgh, Cramer, 1804. 62 p. E 59 

The ist ed., was issued in 1801, but no copy has been located. 
Reissued as The navigator; or, The trader's useful guide . . . 
5th ed., enl., ibid., 1806. 94 p. incl. 12 maps. L — 6th ed., 
enl., ibid., 1808. 156 p. incl. maps. NL — 7th ed., enl., Pitts- 



44 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

burgh, Cramer, etc., 1811. 295 p. incl. 28 maps. HWL — 8th 
ed., enl., ibid., 1814. 360 p. incl. 28 maps. UWL — 9th ed., 
ibid., 181 7. 307 p. incl. maps. L — loth ed., Pittsburgh, 
Cramer & Spear, 1818. 305 p. incl. maps. INL — nth ed., 
ibid., 1821. 283 p., maps. W — 12th ed., ibid., 1824. 275 p., 
maps. CN 

The 1804 edition contains detailed directions for navigating 
the Ohio and the Mississippi below the mouth of the Ohio, with 
notes on islands, tributary streams, and settlements. It con- 
tains, also, descriptive matter on the Illinois country and its 
towns and rivers, based on the works of Hutchins and Kennedy 
(nos. 14, 25) and on a "MS Journal of Col. George Morgan, 
1769." In later editions the directions for navigating the 
Mississippi begin at the mouth of the Illinois, and the appen- 
dixes contain descriptions of the Wabash, Saline, and Illinois 
rivers and their branches. Cramer was probably the first 
man to compile this sort of a guide to the western ^sj/aters and 
his work was the foundation for Cumings, Western navigator 
and Western pilot (no. 179) and Gilleland, Ohio and Mississippi 
pilot (no. 158). It was much used by travelers, not only 
as a guide, but as a source of information for their books, and 
frequently v^^thout credit. 

1802 

B[erquin]-Duvallon. Vue de la colonie espagnole du 
Mississippi, ou des provinces de Louisiane et Floride 
occidentale; en I'annee 1802, par un observateur 
resident sur les lieux . . . Paris, Imprimerie Ex- 
peditive, 1803. xx, 318, 9 p., 2 maps. UIHWL 60 

2d ed., Paris, Brochet, 1804. xx, 318, 9 p. L — Paris, 
1805. S — German ed., Weimar, Landes-Industrie-Comptoir, 
1804. xxviii, 344 p., map. L — English ed.. New York, 
Riley, 1806. viii, 181 p. WL 

Contains incidental matter on Illinois. 

1802 

Perrin du Lac, F[ran5ois] M. Voyage dans les deux 

Louisianes et chez les nations sauvages du Missouri, 

par les Etats-Unis, I'Ohio et les provinces qui le 

bordent, en 1801, 1802 et 1803 avec un apergu des 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 45 

moeurs, des usages, du charactere et des coutumes 
religieuses et civiles des peuples de ces diverses 
contrees. Paris, Capette & Renaud, 1805. x, 479 
p., map. ICNL 6i 

Also, Lyon, Bruyset aind et Buynand [1805]. x, 479 p., 
map. HW — English ed., abridged, London, Phillips, 1807. 
108 p. UMNW — German ed., Leipzig, Hinrichs, 1807. 2 v., 
map. WL — Wien, 1807, map. S — Also in [Richard Phil- 
lips] Collection of . . . travels, vi (London, Phillips, 1805-10. 
II V.) NL 

Contains an account of a voyage down the Ohio and up the 
Mississippi to St. Louis in 1802 with some notes on Fort Massac. 
Deals largely with the fur trade and the Indians of Upper 
Louisiana. 

1804 
Memoires sur la Louisiane et la Nouvelle-Orl6ans 
accompagnes d'une dissertation sur les avantages 
que le commerce de 1' empire doit tirer de la stipula- 
tion faite par I'article vii. du traite de cession, du 
30 avril 1803, par M. * * * suivis d'une traduction 
de diverses notes sur cette colonic, publiees aux 
Etats-Unis peu de tems apres la ratification du 
traite; termines par un ecrit traitant cette question: 
' 'Est-il avantageux a la France du prende possession 
de la Louisiane?" Paris, Ballard, 1804. viii, 176 p. 
ULP 62 

Listed in the catalog of the Peabody Institute Library under 
"Wante, ( — )." The descriptive matter on "Haute Louisi- 
ane" includes incidental information about Illinois. 

1805 
A geographical narrative, containing a concise descrip- 
tion of the several states and provinces of the Ameri- 
can continent . . . Hanover, New Hampshire, 
Davis, pr., 1805. 19 p. A 63 



46 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The preface is signed "Julius." The Northwest Territory 
is described in half a page. 

1805 

An historical, geographical, political, and natural 

history of North America . . . the United States 

... a description of the interior parts of North 

America, general face of the country, mountains, 

forests, rivers ... a plan of the roads, directions 

for travellers, and a concise account of the different 

Indian nations . . . dedicated to the Right Hon. 

Charles J. Fox; by a gentleman immediately returned 

from a tour of that continent. London, Low, 1805. 

2 V. W 64 

Slight descriptive matter on the Illinois country in various 
parts of the work and an account of the proposed new states 
in the Northwest. 

1805 
Pike, [Zebulon M.] An account of a voyage up the 
Mississippi River, from St. Louis to its source; made 
under the orders of the war department, by Lieut. 
Pike, of the United States army, in the years 1805 
and 1 806 ; compiled from Mr. Pike's journal. [Wash- 
ington, 1807.] 68 p. WL 65 

Also in An account of expeditions to the sources oj ike Mississip- 
pi, and through the western parts of Louisiana . . . Philadel- 
phia, Conrad, i8io. [398] p., maps. INWL — Reprinted as 
Exploratory travels through the western territories . . , London, 
Longmans, 181 1. xx, 436 p., maps. IHNL — French ed., Paris, 
D'Hautel, 1812. 2 v., maps. L — Dutch ed., Amsterdam, 
Timmer, 1812-13. 2 v., maps. L — German ed., Weimar, 
Landes-Industrie-Comptoir, 1813. xvi, 556 p., map. WL — 
London ed., reprinted, Denver, Lawrence, 1889. 394 p., 
maps. ML — As The expeditions of Zebulon Montgomery Pike 
. . . edited by Elliot Coues. New York, Harper, 1895. 3 V., 
maps. mCNWL 

Contains a detailed journal of the trip up the Mississippi in 
1805 with information about the surrounding country and the 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 47 

Indians. The Coues edition contains, besides a wealth of 
valuable notes, a memoir of the author with bibliographical 
details of the earlier editions. 

Sabin, Dictionary; Boggess, Illinois, 228. 

1805 
A system of geography; or, A descriptive, historical, 
and philosophical view of the several quarters of the 
world and of the various empires, kingdoms, and 
republics which they contain . . . Glasgow, Brown- 
lie, 1805. 4 v., 22 maps. L 66 
Contains a brief account of the Northwest Territory. 

1805-15 
Davies, Benjamin. A new system of modem geog- 
raphy; or, A general description of the most 
remarkable countries . . . their respective situa- 
tions, extent, divisions, cities, rivers, mountains, 
soils, and productions; their commerce, manners, 
customs, laws, and religion . . . Philadelphia, 
Johnson, 1805. 628 p., maps. L 67 

2d ed., ibid. 2 v. in i, maps. L — 4th ed., rev., Philadel- 
phia, Johnson & Warner, etc., 181 5. xii, 25-446 p. W 
Brief descriptions of the western territories. 

1806 
Ashe, Thomas. Travels in America, performed in 
1806, for the purpose of exploring the rivers Alle- 
ghany, Monongahela, Ohio, and Mississippi, and 
ascertaining the produce and condition of their banks 
and vicinity. . . London, Phillips, 1808. 3 V. HN 

68 

Also, New York, 1808. S — Newburyport [Massachusetts], 
Sawyer, 1808. 366 p. UICNWL — Also in [Phuaavs] Collection 
of modern and contemporary travels, x [no. 2] (London, Phillips, 
1809). NL 



48 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Ashe writes of a trip down the Ohio and up the Mississippi 
and gives accounts of the Indians, the settlements, and the 
physical condition of the country, but his intense hostility to 
America and Americans and the highly imaginative character of 
many of his incidents render the work of little value. Accord- 
ing to Cramer, Navigator, loth ed., 224-227 (no. 59), the 
descriptions are taken largely from the earlier editions of that 
work, without credit being given. 

Edinburgh review, xv, 442-453 (January, 1810); Magazine oj 
western history, vi, 407-409 (August, 1887); Tuckerman, 
America, 202-205; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio; Sabin, 
Dictionary; Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 1588. 

1807 

Mease, James. A geological account of the United 
States; comprehending a short description of their 
animal, vegetable, and mineral productions, antiq- 
uities and curiosities . . . Philadelphia, Birch & 

Small, 1807. [8], 496, xiv p. ICL Oq 

Contains descriptions of the Mississippi, Ohio, and Illinois 
rivers. 

1807 
Schultz, Christian. Travels on an inland voyage 
through the states of New York, Pennsylvania, 
Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, and 
through the territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Missis- 
sippi, and New Orleans; performed in the years 1807 
and 1808; including a tour of nearly six thousand 
miles . . . New York, Riley, pr., 1810. 2 v. in i, 

3 maps. MIHNWL 70 

Schultz describes Shawneetown, Fort de Chartres, Cahokia, 
and other villages in the Illinois country which he visited in the 
fall of 1807. 

Tuckerman, America, 306; Boggess, Illinois, 230; Thomson, 
Bibliography oJ Ohio. 

1808 
Cuming, F[ortesque]. Sketches of a tour to the western 
country, through the states of Ohio and Kentucky; 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 49 

a voyage down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and 
a trip through the Mississippi Territory and part of 
West Florida; commenced at Philadelphia in the 
winter of 1807, and concluded in 1809 . . . with 
notes and an appendix containing some interesting 
facts together with a notice of an expedition through 
Louisiana. Pittsburgh, Cramer, etc., 18 10. 504 p. 
MIHCNWL 71 

Reprinted without the appendix in Thwaites, Early western 
travels, iv (Cleveland, Clark, 1904. 377 p.) UIJCNWL 

Cuming gives interesting accounts of the Illinois villages 
on the Ohio and an excellent picture of western life. 

Western monthly magazine, iv, 314-317 (November, 1835); 
Boggess, Illinois, 217; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1808 

Nachrichten und Erfahrungen liber die Vereinigten 

Staaten von America gesammelt auf einer Reise in 

den Jahren 1806 bis 1808 von einem Rheinlander. 

Frankfurt, 18 14. iv, 259 p. WL 72 

The work is a guide-book rather than an account of travels. 
It treats of the Illinois country, its rivers, prairies, vegetable 
and animal life, and climate. The preface is signed : " G. A. G." 

1810-65 
Malte-Brun, [Conrad]. Precis de la geographic uni- 
versalle; ou, Description de toutes les parties du 
monde . . . Paris, Buisson, 1810-29. 8 v. & atlas. 

5 73 

2d ed., rev., ibid., 1812-29. 8 v. S — New ed., Paris, 
1831-37. 12 V. & atlas. S — 5th ed., rev. & enl. by Huot, 
Paris, Fume, 1841. 6 v. & atlas. N — Reprinted, Paris, 
Gamier, 1853. 6 v. & atlas. S — New ed. by V. A. Malte- 
Brun /i/s, Paris, Penaud, 1852-56. 8 v. S — Rev. by Th. 
Lavall^e, Paris, Fume, 1855-59. 6 v. L — Ibid., 1856-62. 

6 V. S — Rev. by E. Cortambert, Paris, Dufour, etc., 1856-61. 
8 v., maps. S — Paris, Barba, 1859. 2 v. & atlas. S — In 
part as Les ktats-Unis et le Mexique . . . Ibid. [1862?]. 



so ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

72 p., 5 maps. L — Also as Le Mexique illustre . . . com- 
prenant en outre Vhistoire et le geographie illustrees des Etats-Unis. 
Paris, Azur-Dutil, 1862. 72 p., 5 maps. D 

German ed. in part as Malte-Brun's Neustes Gemalde von 
Amerika und seinen Bewohnern; aus dem franzosischen iiber- 
setzt und mit Zusdtzen vermehrt von E. W. von Greipel. Leipzig, 
Hartleben, 1819. xxiv, 648 p. L — Ibid., 1824, 2 v. S — 
English ed. as Universal geography; or, A description of all the 
parts of the world . . . Edinburgh, Black, 1822. 10 v. A 
— Boston, Wells & Lilly, 1824-31. 9 v. E (iii-viii, H) — 
Philadelphia, Finley, etc., 1827-29. 6 v. & atlas. L — Phila- 
delphia, Lavol, 1832. 5 V. & atlas. L — 2d ed., Edinburgh, 
Black, 1834. 8 V. L — New ed., ibid., 1842. xxiii, 1063 p. 
A — London, Bohn, 1851. xxiii, 1067 p. S — Ibid., 1859. 

5 — Italian ed. as Diccionario geogrdfico universal . . . 
Paris, 1828. 2 v., 7 maps. S 

English ed. as A system of universal geography; or, A descrip- 
tion of all the parts of the world . . . with additions and 
corrections by James G. Percival . . . Philadelphia, Finley, 
1827. 3 V. S — Boston, Walker, ^fc, 1828. 3 v. S — Ibid. 

2 V. HW — Ibid., 1834. 3 v., 28 maps. L — Ibid., 1836. 

3 V. & atlas. L — Ibid., 1847. 3 v. W — Ibid., 185 1. 3 v. 
C — New ed., rev., ibid., 1865. 3 v., maps. L 

Most of the editions contain brief notices of Illinois. 

1811 
Melish, John. Travels in the United States of 
America, in the years 1806 & 1807 and 1809, 18 10, 

6 181 1 ; including an account of passages betwixt 
America and Britain, and travels through the various 
parts of Great Britain, Ireland, and Upper Canada. 
Philadelphia, author, 1 8 12. 2 v., 8 maps. IHNWL 74 

Also, corr. &impr. to 181 5, Philadelphia, Melish, 181 5. 2 v., 
maps. CL — With add., Belfast, Smyth, 18 18. 648 p., maps. 
L — Dublin, 1818. S — London, Cowie, 1818. 648 p., maps. 
UL — London, Longmans, etc., 1818. 648 p., maps. F — 
Philadelphia, 1818. 648 p. S — German ed., with notes by 
J. E. L. Brauns, Weimar, 1819. xviii, 378 p., maps. D 

Melish did not get nearer to Illinois than Louisville, but gives 
a brief description of the territory in 181 1. 

Monthly review, 2d series, xcni, 1 13-132, 375-379 (October, 
November, 1820). 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 51 

1811 
Modern geography: and, A compendious general gazet- 
teer . . . containing a description of the empires, 
kingdoms, states, and colonies ... of the world 
. . . Berwick, Lochhead, pr., 1811. 3 v. L 75 

The gazetteer in the third volume treats of places and rivers 
in Illinois. 

1811? 

Moore, Henry. A new and comprehensive system of 

universal geography, being a general and complete 

description of the several empires, kingdoms, states, 

and colonies . . . illustrated by a complete atlas 

. . . London, Whellier, n.d. xxvi, 5-ii8op. W 76 

Published at least as late as 181 1 but contains a curiously 
inaccurate description of the western country under the head- 
ing: "Territory Northwest of the Ohio River." 

1812 

[Cutler, Jervis.] A topographical description of the 

state of Ohio, Indiana Territory, and Louisiana; 

comprehending the Ohio and Mississippi rivers and 

their principal tributary streams, the face of the 

country, soils, waters, natural productions, animal, 

vegetable, and mineral; towns, villages, settlements 

and improvements; and a concise account of the 

Indian tribes west of the Mississippi; to which is 

added an interesting journal of Mr. Chas. Le Ray, 

while a captive with the Sioux nation on the waters 

of the Missouri River; by a late officer in the U. S. 

army. Boston, Williams, 1 812. 219 p. MHNWL 77 

The writer gathered his information largely by personal 
observation during various journeys in the West. The topo- 
graphical description of Indiana Territory includes Illinois 
and is interesting and valuable. An appendix contains an 
account of the Indians east of the Mississippi River. For a 



0255391 



52 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

sketch of the author's life see JuHa P. Cutler, Life and times of 
Ephriam Cutler, 272-279 (Cincinnati, Clarke, 1890). 
Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio, no. 298. 

1812 

[Edwards, Governor Ninian. Account of "the rivers, 
villages and routes from Mackinaw to St. Louis, in 
the year 1812."] Ninian W. Edwards, History of 
Illinois, from 177S to 1833; and life and times of 
Ninian Edwards, 93-98 (Springfield, Illinois, State 
journal, 1870. 549, iii p.) UMIHCNWL 78 

A valuable and detailed sketch based on the reports of agents. 

1812 
Melish, John. A description of the British possessions 
in North America, and of the most important places 
along the lines in the United States; intended as an 
accompaniment to Melish's Map of the seat of war 
in North America. Philadelphia, Palmer, pr., 18 12. 
18 p., map. UW 79 

3d ed., enl. & impr., ibid., 1813. 26 p., map. A 
Contains a brief paragraph on Chicago and the Illinois and 
Wabash rivers and information about the fur trade. Melish's 
map establishment and his various publications are described 
in his Geographical intelligence ([Philadelphia, 181 8.] 28 p.) 

1812 

Stoddard, Major Amos. Sketches, historical and de- 
scriptive, of Louisiana. Philadelphia, Carey, 1812. 
viii, 488 p. MIHCNWL 80 

Besides the historical sketch, which covers IlUnois history 
during the French regime, a few pages in the chapter on " Upper 
Louisiana" are devoted to the settlements on the east side of 
the Mississippi and there is a description of the Illinois River 
and the Chicago-Des Plaines portage in the chapter on "The 
rivers of Louisiana." 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION S3 

l8l2 

Thompson, G. A. The geographical and historical 
dictionary of America and the West Indies, contain- 
ing an entire translation of the Spanish work of 
Colonel Don Antonio de Alcedo . . . with large 
additions and compilations from modern voyages 
and travels, and from original and authentic informa- 
tion. London, Carpenter, etc., 1 812— 15. 5 v. 
HJWL 81 

The Diccionario of Alcedo issued at Madrid in 1787 and 
suppressed by the Spanish government, dealt only with Latin 
America but the added articles in the translation (indicated by 
brackets) contain descriptive matter on the United States. The 
account of the West, however, seems to contain no information 
of a later date than about 1795. 

1812-13 
Schennerhorn, John F. A correct view of that part 
of the United States which lies west of the Alle- 
gany Mountains, with regard to religion and morals, 
by John F. Schermerhom and Samuel J. Mills. 
Hartford, Gleason, pr., 18 14. 52 p. UNW 82 

These Presbyterian missionaries gathered the information 
upon which this pamphlet is based during a totir in the West 
in 181 2-13 under the auspices of the Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut missionary societies. They do not appear to have 
visited Illinois but Schermerhom 's statement contains several 
paragraphs upon religious conditions in the territory. The 
account of the various western sects, their characteristics and 
operations, is of interest. See also, a "Report respecting the 
Indians inhabiting the western parts of the United States, 
communicated by Mr. John F. Schermerhom to the secretary 
of the Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Indians 
and others in North America," in Massachusetts historical 
collections, 2d series, 11, 1-45 (1814); and Communications rela- 
tive to the progress of Bible societies in the United States, addressed 
to the Bible Society of Philadelphia (Philadelphia, 18 13. 24 p.) 
For a report of a similar tour in 1814-15 see no. 86. 

Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 



54 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1813 
Dickinson, Rodolphus. Elements of geography; or, 
An extensive abridgment thereof . . . Boston, 
Bradford & Read, 18 13. 360 p., map. L 83 

Contains a brief account of Illinois Territory. 

1813-21 
Shaw, Co/. John. Personal narrative. Wisconsin histori- 
cal collections, 11, 197-232 ( 1 856) . UMIHJCNWL 84 

Tells of various military expeditions during the War of 181 2 
and of trading expeditions from St. Louis to Prairie du Chien. 
Especially interesting is the account of a visit to the Indian 
lead mines on Fever River in 18 16. 

1813-25 
Cummings, J[acob] A. An introduction to ancient and 
modem geography . . . Boston, Cummings & Hil- 
Hard, etc., 1813. xx, 256 p. E 85 

2d ed., ibid., 1814. xx, 256 p. H — 3d ed., ibid., 1815. 
XX, 322 p. HL — 4th ed., ibid., 1817. xx, 316 p. L — 5th 
ed.,ihid., i2>i2>. D — ()th.e6..,ibid. xx, 3i6p. DE — 7th ed., 
ibid., x?>2o. E — 8th ed., «"6t(i., 1821. xx, 328P. HW — loth 
ed. rev., ibid., 1825. iv, 204 p. L — Also, First lessons in 
geography and astronomy . . . Ibid., 18 18. 82 p., 7 maps. L 
Each edition of the Introduction calls for an atlas but these 
are wanting in most copies. The account of Illinois is very 
brief and the series is of interest principally as showing what was 
taught in schools. 

1814-15 
Mills, Samuel J., & Daniel Smith. Report of a mis- 
sionary tour through that part of the United States 
which Hes west of the Allegany Mountains; per- 
formed under the direction of the Massachusetts 
Missionary Society. Andover, Flagg & Gould, pr., 
18 1 5. 64 p. UMHNW 86 

Consists of letters written by the missionaries while on the 
tour. They visited Shawneetown and Kaskaskia, supplying 



0, 



REPOirr 



MISSIONAHY TOUR 



THROUGH THAT FART OF THE UMIKD STATIC 



WHICH Lir.S \VF.«.T OF 



THE ALLEO.IXV MOLWriLVS : 



rKP.tORNU-.D I VDEIt THK filliteTIO.N 



MASSACHUSETTS MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



Il\ f AMttL .". Mll.Ls AND UAKIEL SMITH. 



AN0O\XH : 



FRISTI.D Uy ILXCO AND GOULD 
ISJS. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 55 

bibles for distribution and endeavoring to establish bible 
societies. For an earlier tour of this sort, see no. 82. See 
also Gardiner Spring, Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel J. Mills 
(London, Westley, 1820. 214 p.) 
Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1814-24 
Melish, John. A statistical account of the United 
States; with topographical tables of the counties, 
population, &c. Philadelphia, Melish, 1814. 87 

Reissued as A geographical description of the United States 
with topographical tables . . . Ibid., 1815. 32 p., 3 maps. 
UWDA — Also as A statistical view of the United States, containing 
a geographical description . . . Philadelphia, author, 1822. 
45 p. LF — New York, Goodrich, 1825. 41 p. HL 

The Statistical account and the Geographical description were 
issued, with separate title-page, as part of his Traveller's 
directory, editions, 1814, 1814-15, and 1815 (see no. 88). The 
editions of 1816, 1818, and one of the 18 19 editions contain the 
same material but without separate title-page. The Statistical 
view was appended to the 1822 and 1825 editions of the Travel- 
ler's directory. The work appears to have been issued originally 
to accompany Melish, Map of the United States. It contains a 
topographical description of Illinois, varying in extent in the 
different editions. 

1814-25 

Melish, John. A description of the roads in the 

United States . . . Philadelphia, Palmer, pr., 18 14. 

II p., 82 columns [i.e. 41 p.] LA 88 

Also, ibid., 1815. iv p., 88 columns, 89-97 P- "DWA — In his 
Traveller's directory through the United States; consisting of a 
geographical description . . . and a description of the roads 
. . . Philadelphia, Palmer, pr., 1814. 2 parts. — Ibid., 
1815 (1815, 1814). 2 parts. ID — Ibid., 1815. 2 parts. 
UNWA — 3d ed., ibid., 1816. 134 p., maps. L — 4th ed., 
Philadelphia, Melish & Harrison, 1818. 134, [26] p., maps. 
D — 5th ed., Philadelphia, Palmer, pr., 1819. 134, [14] p. 
D — Also, The traveller's directory through the United States of 
America; being a complete list of the direct a'nd cross roads, 
together with the conveyance by water . . . Philadelphia, 
Melish & Harrison, 1819. 102 p., maps. A — Philadelphia, 



56 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

author, 1822. xix, 183 p., maps. LDF — New ed., rev. & enl., 
New York, Goodrich, 1825. xix, 194 p., 2 maps. HL 

The Description of the roads has a separate title-page in the 
1814, 1814-15, and 1815 editions of the Traveller's directory. 
The second 18 19 and later editions contain description of routes 
only but his Statistical view (see no. 87) is appended to most 
copies of the 1822 and 1825 editions. The work is useful for 
information about routes of travel to and in Illinois. 

1815 

Bradbury, John. Travels in the interior of North 

America in the years 1809, 18 10 and 181 1 . . . 

Liverpool, Smith & Galway, pr. ; London, Sherwood, 

etc., 1817. 364 p. ICNWL 89 

2d ed., London, Sherwood, ^/c, 1819. 346p.,map. MHNWL — 
2d ed. reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, v (Cleve- 
land, Clark, 1904. 320 p., map). UIJCNWL 

The descriptive matter on Illinois is in an appendix entitled: 
"Remarks on the state of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana with 
the Illinois and Western Territory and on the emigration to 
those countries." This is a fair and informing general descrip- 
tion of western life and conditions, the data for which, according 
to Thwaites, was gathered during a journey at the close of the 
War of 181 2. 

Edinburgh review, xxxi, 132-150 (December, 1818). 

1815-16 
Lewis, Mrs. Hannah. Narrative of the captivity and 
sufferings of Mrs. Hannah Lewis, and her children, 
who were taken prisoners by the Indians, near St. 
Louis, on the 25th May, 1815, and among whom 
they experienced all the cruel treatment which 
savage brutaUty could inflict — Mrs. Lewis, and her 
eldest son fortunately made their escape on the 3d 
April last, leaving her two youngest children in the 
hands of the unmerciful barbarians. Boston, Trum- 
bull, pr., 1817. 24 p. NW 90 
Reprinted as Narrative oj the captivity and providential escape 
oj Mrs. Jane Lewis . . . [New York] 1833. 249. IN 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 57 

The account is vague as to place but the captivity appears 
to have occurred in Illinois, if at all. The 1833 edition is a 
garbled reprint with some extraneous matter about Black 
Hawk and gives the date as 182 1. It is probably the work of 
the compiler of the Hall Narrative (no. 244). 

1815-16 

Neuste Kunde von Amerika, nach guten Quellen 

bearbeitet . . . Weimar, Landes-Industrie-Comp- 

toir, 1815-16. 2 V. D 91 

Has a curiously inaccurate account of Indiana and Illinois 
and a paragraph on the Illinois Indians. 

1816 
Thomas, David. Travels through the western coun- 
try in the summer of 1816, including notices of the 
natural history, antiquities, topography, agriculture, 
commerce, and manufactures; with a map of the 
Wabash country now settling. Auburn, New York, 
Rumsey, pr., 18 19. 320 p., map. UIHCNWL 92 

Thomas's trip was made for the purpose of exploring the 
"Wabash lands in the New Purchase" and he spent much time 
in and about Vincennes, but does not appear to have crossed over 
into Illinois Territory. The book throws light, however, on 
general conditions, climate, prices, flora and fauna, commerce, 
etc., of the whole West. The map shows but a very little west 
of the Wabash, being what was within the Vincennes land 
district. The appendix contains a letter descriptive of the 
Illinois-Michigan water-route. 

Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1816-18 
Flint, Timothy. Recollections of the last ten years, 
passed in occasional residences and journeyings in the 
valley of the Mississippi from Pittsburg to the 
Missouri, to the Gulf of Mexico, and from Florida 
to the Spanish frontier; in a series of letters . . . 
Boston, Cimimings,e^c., 1826. 395 p. UMmCNWL 93 



S8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Flint describes Shawneetown and the other river villages as 
he saw them on a trip down the Ohio and up the Mississippi in a 
keel-boat in the spring of 1816. During 1816-18 he was 
minister at St. Charles and made several trips into Illinois. 

North American review, xxiii, 355-368 (October, 1826); 
Quarterly review, xlviii, 201-222 (October, 1832); Sabin, 
Dictionary; Tuckerman, America, 401-404; Thomson, Bibliog- 
raphy of Ohio; Kirkpatrick, Timothy Flint, 306 (Cleveland, 
Clark, 191 1). 

1816-31 

Melish, John. A geographical description of the 

United States with the contiguous British and 

Spanish possessions, intended as an accompaniment 

to Melish's map of these countries. Philadelphia, 

author, 1816. 182 p., maps. HW 94 

2d ed., ibid., 1816. 182 p., maps. WL — 3d ed., ibid., 1818. 
186 p., 4 maps. L — New ed., impr.,i6t(i., 1822. 491, [15] p., 
maps. CWLA — New York, Goodrich, 1826. 497, [15] p., maps. 
ND — Reissued as The traveller's manual and description of the 
United States; comprising geographical, historical, and statistical 
details of the Union, and of each state; being a compettdium of 
information, and a useful accompaniment to a map of this country. 
Ibid., 1831. 497, 13 P- I 

The first edition has, besides general descriptive matter, a 
brief topographical description of Illinois Territory with a list 
of postoffices, seventeen in number. This list is omitted in the 
later editions but the topographical description of the state is 
greatly expanded and information is given about agriculture, 
manufactiu-es, and internal improvements, with notes on the 
principal towns and statistics from the census of 1820. 

1817 
Birkbeck, Morris. Notes on a journey in America, 
from the coast of Virginia to the territory of Illinois, 
with proposals for the establishment of a colony of 
English. Philadelphia, Richardson, 1817. 189 p. 
MHNWL 95 

Also, printed from the ist ed. published in Philadelphia, 
[London?] i8i8. 148 p. HL — London, Ridgway, 1818. iv, 
144 p., map. HCJWL — 2d ed., ibid. 163 p., map. HNL — 3d 



m 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 59 

ed., ibid. 163 p., map. UMIHW — 4th ed., ibid. 156 p. 
NL — Dublin, Larkin, 1818. 158 p., map. INL — Cork, 1818. 
S — German ed., Jena, Schmid, 1818. iv, 276 p. H — Phila- 
delphia, 18 19. S — 5th ed., London, Ridgway, 1819. B — 
Dublin, Courtney, 1819. 158 p. H 

This is the first of the long list of books relating to the English 
settlement in Illinois. In it Birkbeck tells of a land-hunting 
expedition into southeastern Illinois and of a visit to Shawnee- 
town. He was a keen observer and a good writer and the book 
is a valuable contribution to our knowledge of frontier people 
and conditions. 

Monthly review, 2d series, lxxxv, 146-164 (February, 1818); 
Portfolio, XIX, 206-215; XXII, 77 (March, 1818; July, 18 19); 
Quarterly review, xix, 54-73 (April, 18 18); Edinburgh review, 
XXX, 120-140 (June, 1818); Sabin, Dictionary; Thomson, Bib- 
liography of Ohio; Flower, English settlement, 92 (no. 800) ; Lamed, 
Literature of American History, no. 1760; Boggess, Illinois, 214; 
Charles Wesley Smith, ''Bibliography of Morris Birkbeck," in 
his reprint of Birkbeck, Appeal to the people of Illinois on the 
question of a convention, 25-26 (n. p., n. d. 33 p.) 

1817 
Brown, Samuel R. The western gazetteer; or, Emi- 
grants' directory, containing a geographical descrip- 
tion of the western states and territories . . . with 
an appendix containing a description of the great 
northern lakes, Indian annuities, and directions to 
emigrants. Auburn, New York, South wick, pr., 1817. 

352 p. D 96 

A\so,ibid. 360 p. UMIHNWLD— Belfast, 1819. S— Newed., 
Auburn, 1820. 360 p. S — London, 1820. S 

No trace of the later editions has been found except in Sabin. 
In the second 181 7 edition there are some revisions, but the 
section devoted to Illinois is unchanged. This covers about 
eighteen pages and contains a general description of the territory 
with an account of its rivers, surface, products, and settle- 
ments. This section is reprinted in Illinois State Historical 
Society, Transactions, 1908, pp. 299-310 but the reprint is not 
absolutely verbatim and literatim. A few pages containing the 
description of the Illinois River and its tributaries are also 
reprinted in Illinois State Historical Society, Journal, 11, no. 4, 
pp. 77-79 (January, 1910). 



6o ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

North American review, vi, 134-138 (November, 181 7); Sabin, 
Dictionary; Thomson, Bibliography oj Ohio; Boggess, Illinois, 
238. 

1817 

[Buechler, Johann U.] Land- und Seereisen eines st. 
gallischen Kantonbiirgers nach Nordamerika und 
Westindien, iiber Amsterdam nach Baltimore, Pitz- 
burg, Gallipoli, Sensanetta, Neu-vevay, die Gegend 
Wabasch am Ohio, Natschet, Battonrouge und 
Neu-Orleans am Mississippi etc., und wieder zuriick 
nach Amsterdam, in den Jahren 181 6, 1817 und 181 8 
... St. Gallen, ZolHkofer & Ziihlin, 181 9. 228 p. 

L 97 

Dutch ed., Haarlem, Loosjes, 181 9. x, 221 p. L 
Describes a trip down the Ohio River with a mention of Fort 
Massac. 

1817 

Fearon, Henry B. Sketches of America; a narrative of 
a journey of five thousand miles through the eastern 
and western states of America, contained in eight 
reports addressed to the thirty-nine English families 
by whom the author was deputed, in June 181 7, to 
ascertain whether any and what part of the United 
States would be suitable for their residence, with 
remarks on M. Birkbeck's "Notes" and "Letters." 
London, Longmans, etc., 181 8. vii, 462 p. NL 98 

2d ed.,ibid. xi, 454 p. MHCW — 3d ed., ibid., 1819. xiv, 
454 p. UIHWL — German ed., Jena, Bran, 181 9. S 

Fearon visited Shawneetown but appears to have observed 
little more in Illinois. He devotes considerable space, however, 
to Illinois conditions, settlement, and people, and especially 
to a discussion of Birkbeck's books. 

Monthly review, 2d series, lxxxvii, 392-399 (December, 1818) ; 
Edinburgh review, xxxi, 132-150 (December, 1818); Quarterly 
review, xxi, 124-167 (January, 1819); Cobbett, Year's residence, 
1822 ed., 348-354 (no. 112); Tuckerman, America, 220; 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 6i 

Flower, English settlement, 195, 319-321 (no. 800); Thomson, 
Bibliography of Ohio; Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 
2852; Boggess, Illinois, 2ig. 

1817 

Long, Major Stephen H. Extract from a report to 
George Graham, Esq., acting secretary of war, dated 
Washington, March 4th, 18 17. 16 Congress, i 
SESSION, House documents, no. 17, pp. 5—8 (serial 32. 
Washington, Gales &Seaton,pr., 1 8 19. 10 p.) JWL 99 

The document is entitled Letter from the secretary of war 
transmitting topographical reports made with a view to ascertain 
the practicability of uniting the waters of the Illinois River, with 
those of Lake Michigan — December 28, i8ig. Long's report 
describes the Illinois River, its branches, and the surrounding 
country; and discusses the feasibility of canals via the Chicago 
and Des Plaines and via the St. Joseph and Kankakee rivers. 
The rest of the document consists of a letter from Richard 
Graham and Joseph Philips (no. 142). For a committee report 
on this subject in 1826 see 19 Congress, i session, House 
reports, no. 147 (serial 142). 

1817 

Long, Maj. Stephen H. Voyage in a six-oared skiff to 
the Falls of Saint Anthony, in 181 7 . . . Philadel- 
phia, Ashmead, pr., i860. 87 p., map. (Minne- 
sota Historical Society, Collections [11, part i].) 

HCNWL 100 

I/ong was superintendent of Indian affairs in the Northwest 
at this time. His object in making the voyage was to secure 
sketches of the Upper Mississippi and to select sites for military 
purposes. The account of the return trip down the river to 
St. Louis contains valuable notes on Fort Armstrong and 
Fort Edwards and the surrounding country. 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1817 

Montule, Ed[ouard] de. Voyage en Amerique, en 
Italic, en Sicile et en E^gypte, pendant les annees 



62 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1816, 181 7, 181 8 et 1 8 19. Paris, Dalaunay, etc^ 
1 82 1. 2 V. & atlas. L loi 

English ed. in part as A voyage to North America, and the West 
Indies in 18 ly. London, Phillips, 182 1. 102 p, CWL — Also 
in [Phillips] New voyages and travels, v, part 6 (ibid.) B 

Montvil^ traveled by steamer up the Mississippi and Ohio 
rivers. He gives an account of the trip and describes life in 
the West. 

1817 
Palmer, John. Journal of travels in the United 
States of North America, and in Lower Canada, 
performed in the year 1 8 1 7 . . . to which are added, 
a description of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, 
and a variety of other useful information . . . 
London, Sherwood, etc., 1818. vii, 456 p., map. 

UmCNWL 102 

German ed., in part [Jena, Bran, 1819]. 201-364 p. (Re- 
print from the Ethnographisches Archiv, 11, parts ii-iii.) L — 
Dutch ed., Haarlem, 1820. 317 p. S 

Palmer traveled through Ohio and Kentucky but did not 
visit Illinois. His description of that state is based on S. R. 
Brown, Western gazetteer (no. 96) . 

Edinburgh review, xxxi, 132-150 (December, 1818); Boggess, 
Illinois, 227; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1817 

Storrow, Samuel A. Narrative of a tour in the simmier 

of 1 8 17 on the shores of Lake Superior and other 

northern lakes of the U. S. ; addressed to Major Gen. 

Brown. 181 8. 39 p. WA 103 

Reprinted as "The Northwest in 181 7; a contemporary 
letter," in Wisconsin historical collections, vi, 154-187 (1872). 
UmjNWL 

Contains a description of Chicago and a discussion of routes 
of transportation. The two copies noted are without title 
pages. The Wisconsin copy has a suppHed title: "Narrative 
of a tour in the Northwest in 1817, 1818" accompanied by a 
statement of the librarian to the effect that it was published 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 63 

without a title-page. The title above is taken from Ludewig, 
Literature of American local history, except that he gives the 
date of the tour as 1 8 1 9 — obviously a misprint — and the colla- 
tion as fifty pages. 

1817 

Worcester, J[oseph] E. A geographical dictionary; 
or, Universal gazetteer; ancient and modem . . . 
Andover [Massaschusetts], Flagg & Gould, pr.; 
Salem, Whipple, pub., 1817. 2 v. NL 104 

2d ed., Boston, Cummings & Hilliard, 1823, 2 v. L — 
Also, A gazetteer of the United States, abstracted from the Uni- 
versal gazetteer of the author with enlargement of the principal 
articles. Andover [Massachusetts], Flagg & Gould, pr., 18 18. 
viii [360] p. HWL 

The article on Illinois, which fills but one short paragraph 
in the first edition is expanded to three columns in the others. 

1817-18 

Birkbeck, Morris. Letters from IlHnois. Philadel- 
phia, Carey, 1 818. 154 p., 2 maps. MfflNWL 105 

2d ed., ibid, xvii, 126 p., 2 maps. H — Boston, Wells & 
Lilly, 1818. xvii, 126 p. L — London, Taylor & Hessey, 
1818. XV, ii4p. UHL — 26.e6..,ibid. xv,ii4p. IHNWL — 3d 
ed., ibid, xv, 114 p. HCL — Dublin, Courtney, i8i8. 60 p. 
H — French ed., Lettres sur les nouveaux etablissmens . . . 
Paris, L'Hidllier & Delaunay, 1819. xvi, 156 p., map. H — 
German ed. in Ethnographisches Archiv, 11, 365-406 [Jena, 
Bran, 1819]. L — In part in J[ohn] Knight, Important 
extracts from original and recent letters; written by Englishmen, 
in the United States of America, to their friends in England 
. . . (Manchester, Wilkinson, pr., 1818. 48 p., map). H 

These letters were written to friends and inquirers in England 
and contain a wealth of information about economic and social 
conditions in the West. 

Quarterly review, xix, 73-78 (April, 1818); Niks' Register, 
XV, 102-103 (October, 19, i8i8); North American review, viii, 
347~37i (March, 18 19); Lamed, Literature of American history, 
no. 1759; Boggess, Illinois, 214; Charles W. Smith, "Bibliogra- 
phy of Morris Birkbeck," in his reprint of Birkbeck, Appeal 
to the people of Illinois on the question of a convention, 26-27 ip^ 
p., n. d. 33 p.) 



64 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1817-18 
Fordham, Elias P. Personal narrative of travels in 
Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, 
Kentucky; and of a residence in the Illinois territory; 
181 7-1 81 8 . . . edited by Frederic Austin Ogg . . . 
Cleveland, Clark, 1906. 248 p. UIHCNWL 106 

Fordham was one of Birkbeck's followers in the English 
settlement. His narrative is composed of contemporary letters 
and journals but was unpublished until 1906. It contains 
much information about social, economic, and political con- 
ditions on the frontier. The original manuscript is in the 
Edward E. Ayer collection of the Newberry Library. 

American historical review, xii, 149-152 (October, 1906). 

1817-21 
Holmes, Isaac. An account of the United States of 
America, derived from actual observation, during a 
residence of four years in that republic; including 
original communications. London, Fisher [1823]. 
476 p., map. IWL 107 

The writer states that he left the United States in May, 1821. 
His book is a general treatment with a topical arrangement 
and contains paragraphs on Illinois under several different 
headings. There is a reference to Birkbeck's settlement but 
emigrants are advised to stay in the East. 

Monthly review, 2d series, ci, 304-312 (July, 1823); Boggess, 
Illinois, 223. 

1817-32 

Parkinson, Daniel M. Pioneer life in Wisconsin. 
Wisconsin historical collections, 11, 326—364 (1856). 
UMIHJCNWL 108 

Parkinson located in Madison County, Illinois, in 181 7, 
moved to the Sangamon country in 18 19 and to Galena in 1827, 
and shortly after located in Wisconsin. He describes frontier 
conditions in these places and tells of campaigns dtuing the 
Black Hawk War in which he took part. 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 65 

1817-36 

Flagg, Gershom. Pioneer letters of Gershom Flagg, 

edited with introduction and notes by Solon J. Buck. 

Illinois State Historical Society, Transactions, 

1910, pp. 139-183, map. umjCNWL 109 

Reprinted, Springfield, State journal, pr., 19 12. 47 p., map. 
UIWL 

Flagg tells of his trip from Vermont to Illinois and of pioneer 
life and experiences. He located in Madison County. 

1817-57 

Peck, John M. Forty years of pioneer life; memoir of 

John Mason Peck; edited from his journals and 

correspondence by Rufus Babcock. Philadelphia, 

American Baptist Publishing Society [c. 1864]. 360 

p. UIHNWL no 

This famous Baptist missionary started for the West in 181 7 
going by the rivers to St. Louis with a stop at Shawneetown on 
the way. In 181 8 he made a tour through the American 
bottom and was in Kaskaskia while the constitutional conven- 
tion was in session. In 1822 he located at Rock Spring, Illinois. 
He traveled extensively in all parts of the state, for missionary 
and other purposes, and his wide interests and keen powers of 
observation make the extracts from his journals and reminiscenc- 
es of very great value. It is to be deplored that the great mass 
of papers from which these extracts were selected appears to 
have been destroyed. 

1818 

Bristed, John. America and her resources; or, A view 

of the agricultural, commercial, manufacturing, 

financial, political, literary, moral and religious 

capacity and character of the American people. 

London, Colbum, 181 8. xvi, 504 p. UIHCN in 

Also as The resources of the United States of America; or, 
A view . . . New York, Eastbum, 1818. xvi, 505 p. NWL — 
German ed., Weimar, Landes-Industrie-Comptoir, 1819. S — 
French ed., Paris, Eymery, 1826. 2 v. L — Another French 
ed., Paris, Les Principaux Libraires, 1832. 2 v. L 



66 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Presents a variety of general information of some interest. 
The author relies mainly on Birkbeck for his knowledge of the 
West. 

Portfolio, V, 469-483 (June, 181 8); North American review, 
VII, 401-427 (September, 1818); Quarterly review, xxi, 1-25 
(January, 1819); Monthly review, 2d series, xciii, 1 13-132, 
375-392 (October, November, 1820); Tuckerman, America, 
205-206; Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 2836. 

1818 

Cobbett, William. A year's residence, in the United 

States of America ... in three parts. New York, 

author, 1818. 432 p. S 112 

Also, ibid., 1819. 432 p. D — London, Sherwood, etc., 
1818. 610 p. S — 2d ed., ibid., 1819. 610 p. HOLD — 
3d ed., London, Cobbett, 1822. vi, 360 p. UIN — 3d ed., 
London, 1828. 370 p. W 

The first two parts do not deal with the West but the third 
part contains, besides Hulme's "Journal" (no. 120), two 
letters by Cobbett addressed to Morris Birkbeck and dated 
December 10 and 15, 181 8. Using Birkbeck's books and 
Hulme's "Journal" as his text, Cobbett discusses the prospects 
of the western country and condemns the project of forming an 
English settlement in Illinois. 

Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 1608. 

1818 
Darby, William. The emigrant's guide to the western 
and southwestern states and territories comprising 
a geographical and statistical description . . . ac- 
companied by a map of the United States . . . 
New York, Kirk & Mercein, 1818. 311, xiii p., 2 

maps. UIHNWL 113 

A few pages are devoted to Illinois Territory and there is 
some material in the appendix on Illinois waterways. 

North American review, vii, 268-269 (July, 1818); Thomson, 
Bibliography of Ohio. 

1818 
The emigrant's guide; or, Pocket geography of the 
western states & territories; containing a description 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 67 

of the several cities, towns, rivers, antiquities, popu- 
lation, manufactories, prices of land, soil, productions 
and exports; compiled from the best and latest 
authorities. Cincinnati, Phillips & Speer, 1818. 
266 p. HWLE 114 

The section devoted to Illinois occupies twenty-six pages and 
describes rivers, counties, towns, etc. in detail. 

1818 

Evans, Estwick. A pedestrious tour of four thousand 

miles through the western states and territories, 

during the winter and spring of 1 81 8 . . . Concord, 

New Hampshire, Spear, pr., 18 19. 256 p. IHWL 

"5 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, viii, 91-364 
(Cleveland, Clark, 1904). UIJCNWL 

Evans traveled down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. His 
description of Illinois Territory is brief and of no great im- 
portance but he gives general information on western conditions 
which is of some interest. 

Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1818 

F[ernagus] d[e] G[elone]. Manuel-guide des voyageurs 

aux £tats-Unis de I'Amerique du Nord, ou Ton 

trouve tous les renseignmens necessaires . . . pour 

y commercer avec slarete et profit . . . adresse 

particulierement aux commergans, aux agriculteurs, 

et aux personnes de toutes les professions et de tous 

les metiers sur le continent de I'Europe. Paris, 

Pillet, 1818. 196 p. LD 116 

Contains a brief account of Illinois Territory and general 
material of interest. 

1818 

Harris, William Tell. Remarks made during a totir 

through the United States of America, in the years, 



68 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1817, 1818, and 1 8 19; in a series of letters to friends 
in England. Liverpool, 1819. 74 p. S 117 

Also, London, Sherwood, eic, 1821. 196 p. UTWX — Ger- 
man ed., Weimar, Landes-Industrie-Comptoir, 1822. viii, 
236 p. L 

Harris visited the English settlement and Shawneetown in 
the fall of 1 8 18. He was inclined to look with favor upon 
America and Americans and his book is a good offset to those 
of Fearon, Faux and Welby (nos. 98, 139, 150). 

Monthly review, xcvii, 200-207 (February, 1822); Quarterly 
review, 2d series, xxvii, 71-99 (April, 1822) ; 'QoggQss, Illinois , 222. 

1818 

History of North America; comprising a geographical 

and statistical view of the United States, and of the 

British Canadian possessions; including a great 

variety of important information on the subject of 

emigrating to that country. Leeds, Davies, 1820. 

2 v., map. WL 118 

Besides considerable material in the general chapters, this 
work contains an eight-page account of Illinois Territory; its 
situation, soil, rivers, minerals, animals, settlements, Indians, 
mounds, agriculture, commerce, roads, and government. This 
was written apparently in 18 18 as it mentions the enabling act 
and the convention to meet in August. 

1818 
Holditch, Robert. The emigrant's guide to the United 
States of America; containing the best advice and 
directions respecting the voyage — preservation of 
health — choice of settlement, &c. ; also the latest 
information concerning the climate, productions, 
population, manners, prices of land, labour, and 
provisions, and other subjects, economical and 
political, affecting the welfare of persons about to 
emigrate to the United States and British America. 
London, Hone, 1818. 124 p. HL 119 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 69 

General descriptive matter and half a page on Illinois 
Territory. 

1818 

Hulme, Thomas. Journal made during a tour in the 

western countries of America. William Cobbett, 

A year's residence in the United States, part iii (New 

York, author, 181 8). S 120 

For other editions of Cobbett, Yearns residence, see no. 112. 
UIHCNWLD — Hiilme's "Journal " is also reprinted in Thwaites, 
Early western travels, x, 1 7-84 (Cleveland, Clark, 1 904) . UIJCNWL 

Hulme was an English farmer and his journal is of interest 
principally for its description of the English settlement in 
Illinois which he visited. See Melish, Information and advice 
to emigrants (no. 149) with reference to changes made by Cob- 
bett in the "Journal." 

Hall, Letters from the West, 377-385 (no. 208); Flower, 
English settlement in Illinois, 193-195 (no. 800) ; Boggess, Illinois, 
223. 

1818 
Knight, John. The emigrants* best instructor; or, 
The most recent and important information, respect- 
ing the United States of America, selected from the 
works of the latest travellers in that country ; partic- 
ularly Bradbury, Hulme, Brown, Birkbeck, &c. ; con- 
taining information on its climates and temperature, 
the manners and dispositions of its inhabitants; also 
the prices of land, and wages of labour, taxes, soil, 
productions, &c. &c., arts, manufactures, the English 
laws on emigration, and every other information 
needful to the emigrant. Manchester, Wilson, pr., 
1818. 72 p. L 121 

2d ed., London, Carlisle [1818]. 72 p. I 
Contains a four-page topographical and statistical account of 
Illinois. 

1818 

Map of the military bounty lands in the Illinois and 
Missouri territories . . . with a description of the 



70 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

soil, timber, &g., of each section. Baltimore, 1818. 
S 122 

Sabin speaks of this as a very scarce pamphlet. It is listed 
in Herman E. Ludewig, Literature of American local history 
(New York, 1846), but no copy has been located. Compare 
Van Zandt, Description (no. 127). 

Sabin, Dictionary, no. 34293. 

1818 

Melish, John. A geographical description of the 

world, intended as an accompaniment to the map of 

the world . . . Philadelphia, Melish & Harrison, 

1818. 280 p., 3 maps. L 123 

Devotes a page to Illinois. 

1818 
Miller, Andrew. New states and territories; or, The 
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, North-Western, 
Missouri, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama in 
their real characters, in 1818 . . . [Keene, New 
Hampshire] 18 19. 32 p. HW 124 

Also, n. p., 1819. 96 p. NL 

Contains a brief description of Illinois; its situation, rivers, 
soil, timber, minerals, settlements, roads and military lands. 
The matter in the two editions is practically identical. 

1818 
Nuttall, Thomas. A journal of travels into the Arkansa 
Territory during the year 1819, with occasional ob- 
servations on the manners of the aborigines. Phila- 
delphia, Palmer, 1821. 296 p., map. CNWL 124a 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, xiii (Cleveland, 
Clark, 1905. 366 p., map). UIJCNWL 

Nuttall was a naturalist. He tells of his trip down the Ohio, 
with notices of Cave in Rock, Shawneetown, Fort Massac, and 
the country about the mouth of the Ohio. 

North American review, xvi, 59-76 (January, 1823); Sabin, 
Dictionary. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 71 

1818 
Rafinesque, C[onstantine] S. Ichthyologia Ohiensis; 
or, Natural history of the fishes inhabitating the 
river Ohio and its tributary streams; preceded by a 
physical description of the Ohio and its branches. 
Lexington, Ky., Hunt, pr., 1820. 90 p. NL 125 

First published in the Western review, i-iii (December, 18 19 — 
November, 1820). WL — Reprinted, Cleveland, Burrows, 1899. 
175 p. IJCNL 

Among the branches of the Ohio described are the Wabash 
and the Saline. The data for this work was probably gathered 
during a trip down the Ohio in 18 18. There is a brief account 
of this trip and a mention of Shawneetown in his A life of travel 
and researches in North America and south Europe . . . from 
1802 to 1835. Philadelphia, Turner, pr., 1836. 148 p. CL 

1818 
Schoolcraft, Henry R. A view of the lead mines of 
Missouri; including some observations on the min- 
eralogy, geology, geography, antiquities, soil, climate, 
population, and productions of Missouri and Arkan- 
saw, and other sections of the western country. 
New York, Wiley, 1 8 19. 299 p. umcNWL 126 

Contains a day by day journal of a trip up the Mississippi 
from the mouth of the Ohio to St. Louis, with observations on 
the surrounding country. There^ is another account of this trip 
with some notes on the trip down the Ohio which preceded it 
in his Oneota; or, Characteristics of the red race of America 
. . . New York, Burgess, etc., 1844-45. 8 parts. L — Also, 
New York & London, Wiley & Putnam, 1845. 512 p. IWL 
— Reissued as The red race of America. New York, Graham, 
1847. 416 p. CNL — Ibid., 1848. 416 p. U — Reissued as r/ie 
Indian in his wigwam; or. Characteristics of the red race . . . 
Ibid. 416 p. NWL — New York, Dewitt & Davenport, 1848. 
416 p. I — Buffalo, 1848. ON — New ed., rev., as The American 
Indians; their history, condition and prospects . . . Auburn 
[New York], 1850. 495 p. S — Buffalo, 1851. 495 p. IN — 
Rochester, Wanzer, etc., 1851. 495 p. CNWL — Reissued as 
Western scenes and reminiscences . . . Auburn, Derby & Miller; 
Buffalo, Derby, etc., 1853. 495 p. CNWL 



72 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

A briefer account of the same trip is in his Personal memoirs 
of a residence of thirty years with the Indian tribes on the American 
frontiers. Philadelphia, Lippincott, etc., 1851. xlviii, [171-703 
p. UIHCNWL — Still another account, this time in the form 
of a day by day journal but differing greatly from the 181 9 
version is to be found in his Scenes and adventures in the semi- 
Alpine region of the Ozark Mountains . . . Philadelphia, 
Lippincott, etc., 1853. 256 p. INWL 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xviii, 571 (May, 1848); Sabin, 
Dictionary. 

1818 
Van Zandt, Nicholas B. A full description of the soil, 
water, timber, and prairies of each lot, or quarter 
section of the military lands between the Mississippi 
and Illinois rivers. Washington, Force, pr., 181 8. 
iv, 127 p. UMIHWL 127 

Van Zandt had been a clerk in the general land office. His 
book contains, in addition to the detailed description of the 
military tract, general observations on Illinois and Missouri 
territories. It was much used by land-seekers. About fifteen 
pages are devoted to an unfavorable account of Birkbeck's 
settlement in Illinois. The copy in the Chicago Historical 
Library contains folding maps depicting the two United States 
survey townships in which the cities of Peoria and Warsaw are 
now located. 

Boggess, Illinois, 231. 

1818-19 
Amerika dargestelt durch sich selbst, eine Zeitschrift 
herausgegeben von Georg Joachim Goschen. Leip- 
zig, Goschen [1818-20]. 3 v. WL 128 

Published, eight mmibers a month, from June, 18 18, to 
December, 18 19, inclusive. Contains considerable scattered 
information about Illinois. 

1818-19 

Harding, Benjamin. A tour through the western 

country, A. D. 1818&1819... published for the 

use of emigrants. New London, Green, pr., 18 19. 

17 p. HWL 129 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 73 

Harding was a surveyor. His book contains descriptions of 
Kaskaskia and other places in the American bottom and of the 
prairies of IlHnois. The inducements offered to emigrants by 
Illinois are set forth. 

Boggess, IlHnois, 221; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1818-19 

Hecke, J. Valentin. Reise durch die Vereinigten 

Staaten von Nord-Amerika in den Jahren 181 8 und 

1 8 19 . . . Berlin, Petrie, 1820-21. 2 v. WL 130 

Contains a descriptive chapter on Illinois and information 
for emigrants on routes to the West. Said to be unreliable. 
Boggess, Illinois, 222. 

1818-20 
Flint, James. Letters from America, containing obser- 
vations on the climate and agriculture of the western 
states, the manners of the people, the prospects of 
emigrants, &c. &c. Edinburgh, Tait, 1822. viii, 330 
p. MHNWL 131 

Reprinted without the addenda in Thwaites, Early western 
travels, ix (Cleveland, Clark, 1904. 333 p.) UIJCNWL 

Flint did not travel in Illinois but he was in the West, 
principally Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky, from 1818 to 1820, 
and his letters contain excellent material on social and economic 
conditions in the western country. 

Boggess, Illinois, 220; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1818-30 

Hubbard, Gurdon S. Incidents and events in the life 

of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard; collected from 

personal narrations and other sources, and arranged 

by his nephew, Henry E. Hamilton. [Chicago, Rand, 

etc., pr.] 1888. 189 p. IHCNWL 132 

Also in part as The autobiography of Gurdon Saltonstall 
Hubbard, Pa-pa-ma-ta-be, "The swift walker;" with an intro- 
duction by Caroline M. Mcllvaine. Chicago, Donnelley, 191 1. 
xxvii, 182 p. {The Lakeside classics.) umCNWL 



i9 



74 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Hubbard came to Chicago in 1818 as an employee of the 
American Fur Company. He went by way of the lUinois 
River to St. Louis and Cahokia, spent the winter at a post near 
Hennepin and in the spring returned to Mackinac. He was with 
the IlHnois brigade again in the winters of 1821-22 and 1822-23 
and in 1822 he established "Hubbard's Trail" from Chicago 
to Danville. From 1828 to 1834 he lived in Danville and after 
that in Chicago. The autobiographical material covers his 
career to 1830, and furnishes a valuable picture of northern 
Illinois diuing the fur trade period. See also A. A. Hayes, Jr., 
"The metropolis of the prairies," in Harper's, lxi, 711-731 
(October, 1880), This is based on Hubbard's notes. 

Boggess, Illinois, 221. 

1819 
Amphlett, William. The emigrants' directory to the 
western states of North America ; including a voyage 
out from Liverpool; the geography and topography 
of the whole western country, according to its latest 
improvements; with instructions for descending the 
rivers Ohio and Mississippi ... by William Am- 
phlett, formerly of London . . . now resident on 
the banks of the Ohio River. London, Longmans, 
etc., 1819. viii, 208 p. HL 133 

Contains a seven-page topographical description of Illinois 
and additional information about the rivers of the state. The 
writer, who emigrated to America in 1818, drew liberally on 
Cramer, Navigator (no. 59) for his data. 

Monthly review, 2d series, xci, 315-320 (March, 1820); Sabin, 
Dictionary; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1819 
Birkbeck, Morris. Extracts from a supplementary 
letter from the Illinois, dated January 31st, 1819 — 
Address to British emigrants arriving in the eastern 
ports, July 13th, 1 8 19 — Reply to William Cobbett, 
Esq., July 31st, 1 819. New York, Wiley, 18 19. 29 p. 
M 134 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 75 

2d ed., London, Ridgway, 1819. 36 p. IHW — Reprint 
(38 p., map) in Edwin E. Sparks, The English settlement in the 
Illinois (London, Museum; etc., 1907). UICWL 

The "Supplementary letter" was "sent to England for 
Publication, January 31, 1819;" the "Address" is dated July 
13, 1 8 19, and indorsed as "Published in New York." The 
"Letter to Cobbett" is dated July 31, 18 19. The work con- 
tains advice and useful information for emigrants and descrip- 
tive matter on the English settlement. The "Address" is 
probably the same as the pamphlet entitled To emigrants 
arriving in the eastern states (New York, C. Wiley & Company), 
mentioned in Flower, English settlement, 194 (no. 800). On the 
leaves at the end of the copy in the Chicago Historical Library 
(bound with his Journey through France) is a manuscript "Ex- 
tract of a letter from M. Birkbeck, to a friend in Yorkshire, 
dated Wanborough, 21st Jan. 1821." 

Boggess, Illinois, 214. 

1819 

Dana, E[dmund]. A description of the bounty lands 

in the state of IlHnois; also the principal roads and 

routes through the territory of the United States 

. . . Cincinnati, Looker, etc., pr., 18 19. 108 p. 

mcwL 135 

Describes in detail most of the land in that part of the state 
known as the military tract. The description of the roads 
has a separate title-page but is not separately paged. 

Boggess, Illinois, 240; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio, no. 305. 

1819 
Dana, E[dniund]. Geographical sketches on the west- 
ern country; designed for emigrants and settlers; 
being the result of extensive researches and remarks ; 
to which is added a summary of the most interesting 
matters on the subject, including a particular de- 
scription of the unsold public lands, collected from a 
variety of authentic sources; also, a list of the 
principal roads. Cincinnati, Looker, etc., pr., 18 19. 
312 p. HCNWL 136 



76 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Contains, besides a general account of the West, a geographi- 
cal and topographical description of Illinois occupying about 
twenty pages. The author acquired the information by 
personal observation during six years spent in assisting emi- 
grants in locating and purchasing land. 

Boggess, Illinois, 240; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1819 
[D'Arusmont, Frances Wright.] Views of society and 
manners in America; in a series of letters from that 
country to a friend in England during the years 181 8, 
1 8 19, 1820; by an Englishwoman . . . London, 
Longmans, etc., 1821. x, 523 p. CNWL 137 

Rev. & enl. ed., New York, Bliss & White, 1821. xii, 387 p. 
UINL — 2d ed., London, Longmans, 1822. x, 483 p. HL — 
French ed., Paris, Bechet, etc., 1822. 2 v. L — Dutch ed., 
Amsterdam, 1822. 2 parts. S 

The noted Fanny Wright apparently did not visit Illinois 
but she gives an account of the English settlement "chiefly 
taken from the letters of two American gentlemen of our 
acquaintance who have just visited the settlement." Extracts 
from this account are reprinted in Richard Flower, Letters from 
the Illinois (no. 165). Several of the chapters contain general 
information about the West. 

Quarterly review, xvii, 71-99 (April, 1822); Monthly review, 
2d series, xcvn, 247-256 (March, 1822). 

1819 

Ernst, Ferdinand. Bemerkungen auf einer Reise durch 

des Innere der Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Ameri- 

ka im Jahre 18 19; besonders in Beziehung auf die 

an den Fliissen Sangomo und Onapischquasippi im 

gedachten Jahre von den Indianern an den Congress 

abgetreten Landstrichen ; nebst einer Uebersetzung 

der Constitution des Illinois-Staats. Hildesheim, 

Gerstenberg, 1820. viii, 183 p. L 138 

Ernst was looking for land for a party of German immigrants 
who settled later in Vandalia. Besides Vandalia and the 
Sangamon country, he visited the English settlement in 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 77 

Edwards County, Kaskaskia, Edwardsville, and other places. 
His descriptions are informing and the book is an important 
source. The parts relating to IlHnois are translated by E. P. 
Baker in Illinois State Historical Society, Transactions, 1903, 
pp. 150-165. 

Boggess, Illinois, 219. 

1819 
Faux, W[illiam]. Memorable days in America; being 
a journal of a tour to the United States, principally 
undertaken to ascertain, by positive evidence, the 
condition and probable prospects of British emi- 
grants; including accounts of Mr. Birkbeck's settle- 
ment in the Illinois; and intended to shew men and 
things as they are in America. London, Simpkin & 
Marshall, 1823. xvi, 488 p. UMIHCNWL 139 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, xi-xii (Cleve- 
land, Clark, 1905). UIJCNWL 

Faux visited the English settlement in Illinois in November, 
1819, and describes it in detail. He spent about two months in 
Indiana also and his book contains valuable information about 
frontier life and conditions. It was made the basis of a famous 
review by Gifford in the Quarterly which was replied to by 
Everett in the North American review. See also, Thomas 
Law, A reply to certain insinuations . . . inihe , . . Quarterly 
review (Washington, 1824. 27 p.) 

Quarterly review, xxix, 338-370 (July, 1823); Blackwoods, 
XIV, 561-572 (November, 1823); Westminster review, i, 101-120 
(January, 1824); North American review, xix, 92-125 (July, 
1824); Tuckerman, America, 222. 

1819 

Flower, Richard. Letters from Lexington and the 

Illinois; containing a brief account of the English 

settlement in the latter territory, and a refutation of 

the misrepresentations of Mr. Cobbett. London, 

Ridgway, 18 19. 32 p. HNWL 140 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, x, 85-109 
(Cleveland, Clark, 1904). UIJCNWL — Also in Sparks, English 
settlement (see no. 134). tJICWL 



78 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The author was the father of George Flower, one of the 
founders of the EngHsh settlement. He reached Albion about 
the first of July, 1819, and the letter from Illinois, dated August 
16, 1819, discusses conditions in the settlement at some length. 

'QoggQSS, Illinois, 220. 

1819 
Forsyth, Thomas. Journal of a voyage from St. Louis 
to the falls of St. Anthony in 18 19. Wisconsin his- 
torical collections, vi, 1 88-2 19 ( 1 872) . UMIJHCNWL 141 

A day by day journal of the trip with a description of the 
lead mines and information about the Indians. 

1819 

Graham, R[ichard], & Joseph Philips. [Letter to the 

secretary of war relative to the proposed Illinois and 

Michigan canal.] 16 Congress, i session, House 

documents, no. 17, pp. 8-10 (see no. 99). JWL 142 

Describes in detail the various portages between Lake 
Michigan and the Illinois River and discusses the feasibility of 
proposed canal routes. 

1819 
Grece, Charles F. Facts and observations respecting 
Canada, and the United States of America; affording 
a comparative view of the inducements to emigra- 
tion presented in those countries . . . London, 
Harding, 18 19. xv, 172 p. CWL 143 

Grece wished to direct emigration to Canada and conse- 
quently his comparison is unfavorable to the United States. 
He does not appear to have visited Illinois, if, indeed, any part 
of the West, but he pays his respects to Birkbeck and the 
English settlement. 

Monthly review, 2d series, xc, 248-253 (November, 1819); 
Quarterly review, xxiii, 373-400 (July, 1820). 

1819 
James, Edwin. Account of an expedition from Pitts- 
burgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 79 

years 18 19 and '20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Cal- 
houn, sec'y of war; under the command of Major 
Stephen H. Long; from the notes of Major Long, 
Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring 
party . . . Philadelphia, Carey & Lea, 1822-23. 
2 V. & atlas. HNWL 144 

Also, London, Longmans, 1823. 3 v., map. MICNW — 
Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, xiv-xvii (Cleve- 
land, Clark, 1905). UIJCNWL 

The second chapter tells of the trip by the Ohio and Mississip- 
pi from Louisville to St. Louis. James was "botanist and geol- 
ogist to the expedition" and the information given is mainly 
but not wholly along these lines. Extracts from Major Long's 
report to the secretary of war are given in the original Phila- 
delphia edition and the report is printed in full in the London 
edition and reprinted by Thwaites. It is entitled: "A general 
description of the country traversed by the exploring expedi- 
tion," and includes a ten-page geographical account "of the 
country situated between the Ohio, Mississippi, and the Lakes." 

North American review, xvi, 242-269 (April, 1823). 

1819 
Johnson, C. B. Letters from the British settlement in 
Pennsylvania . . . Philadelphia, Hall, 1 819. xii, 25- 
192 p., map. ICWL 145 

New ed., London, Sauter, 1820. 175 p., map. S — As 
Letters from North America . . . Philadelphia, Hall, 182 1. 
18s p. W 

Put forth as by authority of the British Emigrant Society 
of Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, the book naturally 
runs down Mr. Birkbeck and his settlement in Illinois. Two 
chapters, which appear to be extracts from articles printed in 
the Village record of West Chester, Pennsylvania, are devoted 
to that purpose. 

Portfolio, X, 140-147 (September, 1820); Hall, Letters from 
the West, 350-377 (no. 208); Flower, English settlement, 195 
(no. 800); Sabin, Dictionary. 

1819 
Kingdom, William, Jr. America and the British 
colonies; an abstract of all the most useful informa- 



8o ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

tion relative to the United States of America, and 
the British colonies . . . exhibiting at one view the 
comparative advantages and disadvantages each 
country offers for emigration; collected from the 
most valuable and recent publications . . . London, 
Whittaker, 1820. vii, 359 p. IW 146 

2d ed., ibid. S 

A compilation containing advice for emigrants and descrip- 
tive matter taken largely from the works of Birkbeck, Bristed, 
and Fearon and thrown together without any particular 
arrangement. 

Monthly review, 2d series, xci, 332-334 (March, 1820); Bog- 
gess, Illinois, 245. 

1819 

Lorain, John. Hints to emigrants; or, A comparative 

estimate of the advantages of Pennsylvania, and of 

the western territory . . . Philadelphia, Littell & 

Henry, 1819. 144 p. L 147 

Nearly the whole book is devoted to a review of and attack 
upon Birkbeck's books (nos. 95, 105). 

Hall, Letters from the West, 366-373 (no. 208). 

1819 

Mackenzie, E[neas]. An historical, topographical and 
descriptive view of the United States . . . New- 
castle upon Tyne, Mackenzie & Dent [1819]. 712 p., 
map. UHL 148 

2d ed., ibid., 1819. 712 p., map. L — 2d ed., ihid. [1819]. 
432 p. W 

A compilation from works of travel and geographies; contains 
general chapters, a section on Illinois, and a section entitled 
"Advice to emigrants" which contains useful statements of 
prices of land, labor, and provisions in the different states. 

Boggess, Illinois, 247. 

1819 
Melish, John. Information and advice to emigrants 
to the United States, and from the eastern to the 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 8i 

western states . . . Philadelphia, Melish, 1819. 
viii, 144 p., 2 maps. CWL 149 

Besides general information and advice, there is a chapter on 
the English settlement in Illinois in which the writings of 
Birkbeck, Cobbett, and Hulme are discussed (nos. 95, 105, 
112, 120). This contains a letter from Birkbeck to Melish 
dated December 12, 181 8, and quotes from a letter from Hulme 
with reference to changes made by Cobbett in his "Journal." 

1819 
Welby, Adlard. A visit to North America and the 
English settlements in Illinois, with a winter residence 
at Philadelphia; solely to ascertain the actual pros- 
pects of the emigrating agriculturist, mechanic, and 
commercial specvdator. London, Drury, 1821. jdi, 

224 p. MIHNWL 150 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, xii, 139-341 
(Cleveland, Clark, 1905). UIJCNWL 

Welby visited the English settlement in 18 19, made a 
cursory examination, and, failing to find "all the comforts of 
home," concluded that it was a failure. In spite of the hostile 
attitude of the writer, the book presents a valuable picture of 
western life and conditions and gives an idea of the difiSculties 
which the promoters of the English settlement had to contend 
with. 

Quarterly review, xxvii, 71-99 (April, 1822); Portfolio, xv, 
138-142 (1823); Flower, English Settlement, 318 (no. 800); 
Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1819 

Wright, John S. Letters from the West ; or, A caution 

to emigrants ; being facts and observations respecting 

the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and some parts 

of New- York, Pennsylvania and Kentucky, written 

in the winter of 18 18-19. Salem, New York, Dodd & 

Stevenson, pr., 18 19. ix, 72 p. H 151 

Wright made a tour into lUinois from Vincennes. He de- 
scribes the prairies and gives an unfavorable account of the 
state of society on the frontier. His western trip was for the 



82 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

purpose of finding a location and he was especially disgusted 
to find the most desirable lands in the hands of speculators. 
Boggess, Illinois, 233. 

1819-20 

Howitt, Emanuel. Selections from letters written 
during a tour through the U.S., in the summer and 
autumn of 18 19; illustrative of the character of the 
native Indians, and of their descent from the lost ten 
tribes of Israel; as well as descriptive of the present 
situation and sufferings of emigrants and of the soil 
and state of agriculture. Nottingham [England], 
Dunn, pr. [1820]. xxii, 230 p. fflNWL 152 

The author, who writes to discourage emigration, did not 
go west of Pittsburgh, but he comments on the West in his 
preface and also prints a letter (pp. x-xiv) from an acquaint- 
ance, signed "J. C." and dated at Wanborough, Illinois, 
January 11, 1820, which presents an unfavorable picture of 
backwoodsmen. 

1819-21 
Woods, John. Two year's residence in the settlement 
on the English prairie, in the Illinois country . . . 
with an account of its animal and vegetable produc- 
tions, agriculture, &c. &c.; a description of the 
principal towns, villages, &c. &c. with the habits 
and customs of the backwoodsmen . . . London, 
Longmans, e/c., 1822. 310 p., map. MIHCNWL 153 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, x, 171-357 
(Cleveland, Clark, 1904). UIJCNWL 

Woods was a well-to-do English farmer who settled on the 
English prairie in 18 19. His book gives a favorable view of 
life and conditions there from 1819 to 1821 and also much 
valuable information about social, economic, and political 
conditions in other parts of the state. 

Monthly review, 2d series, xcviii, 429-433 (August, 1822); 
Boggess, Illinois, 233. 



I 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION S^ 

1819-24 
Warden, D[avid] B. A statistical, political, and histori- 
cal account of the United States of North America; 
from the period of their first colonization to the 
present day. Edinburgh, Constable, 18 19. 3 v., 
maps. umCNW 154 

Also, Philadelphia, Wardle, 1819. 3 v., map. NL — German 
ed., rev. to date, Ilmenau, 1824. xl, 536 p. U 

Besides a variety of material in the general chapters, this 
compilation contains special chapters on each state and terri- 
tory, followed by brief bibliographies. The chapter devoted 
to Illinois treats of the situation of the state, its geography, 
climate, agriculture, commerce, settlements, and Indians. 

Monthly review, 2d series, xciii, 1 13-132 (October, Novem- 
ber, 1820); Lamed, Literature of American History, no. 1701; 
Boggess, Illinois, 254. 

1819-27 

[Tillson, Christiana H.] Reminiscences of early life in 

Illinois by our mother. [Amherst, Massachu- 

setts(?), 1873.] iv, 138 p. IHW 155 

An intimate and valuable account of life and travels in 
southern Illinois, 1819-27. Tillson came to Illinois in 181 g and 
Mrs. Tillson in 1822. They located in Montgomery County. 

1820 

Beckwourth, James P. The life and adventures of 
James P. Beckwourth, mountaineer, scout, and pio- 
neer, and chief of the Crow nation of Indians . . . 
written from his own dictation, by T. D. Bonner. 
New York, Harper, 1856. xii, 537 p. CNL 156 

Also, ihid, 1858. 537 p. W — French ed. as Le chasseur 
... Paris, Dentu, i860, x, 504 p. S — New ed., London, 
Unwin; New York, Macmillan, 1892. 440 p. {The adventure 
series.) L 

Contains an account of a visit to the lead region of Illinois 
in 1820. The rest of the book deals with the country west of the 
Mississippi River. 

Boggess, Illinois, 215. 



84 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1820 
[Blowe, Daniel.] A geographical, historical, commer- 
cial, and agricultural view of the United States of 
America; forming a complete emigrant's directory- 
through every part of the republic . . . compiled 
by several gentlemen from a variety of original 
manuscripts, and from the latest and best authori- 
ties. London, Edwards & Knibb, etc., 1820. 746, 
xvi p., maps. UHL 157 

Reissued with some changes and with the author's name as: 
A geographical, commercial and agricultural view oj the United 
States . . . Liverpool, Fisher, pr, [1820?]. 758, xxiv, [12] p., 
maps. L 

The section devoted to IlHnois occupies ten pages and treats 
of its situation, physical features, products, and principal 
settlements. 

1820 

Gilleland, J. C. The Ohio and Mississippi pilot; 
consisting of a set of charts of these rivers . . . with 
directions for the use of navigators; to which is added 
a geography of the states and territories, west and 
south of the Allegheny Mountains. Pittsburgh, 
Patterson & Lambdin, 1820. 274 p. incl. 16 maps. 
L 158 

The first fifty pages contain directions and charts for navi- 
gating the Ohio, based apparently on Cramer, Navigator (no. 
59).. The rest of the book has a separate title-page: Geography 
of the states and territories ivest and south of the Allegheny Moun- 
tains; accompanied with advice to emigrants . . . Nine pages 
of this deal with the natural and political geography of Illinois. 
The work contains no charts of the Mississippi. 

Sabin, Dictionary; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1820 
Hodgson, Adam. Remarks during a journey through 
North America in the years 1819, 1820, and 1821, in 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 85 

a series of letters . . . collected, arranged and 
published by Samuel Whiting. New York [Whiting], 
1823. 335 p. ICNW 159 

Also as Letters from North America written during a tour in the 
United States and Canada. London, Htirst, etc., 1824. 2 v., 
map. UHCNWL 

Some of the letters were originally published in the Christian 
observer of London and the New York edition was compiled 
from these with some extraneous matter, without the knowl- 
edge or consent of the author. The London edition was author- 
ized and is more complete. Hodgson did not visit Illinois but 
two letters deal with the West and especially with the English 
settlement. 

North American review, xviii, 221-234 (April, 1824); Edin- 
burgh review, XL, 427-442 (July, 1824); Sabin, Dictionary; 
Tuckerman, America, 217; Boggess, Illinois, 222. 

1820 
Kearny, Stephen W. The 1820 journal of Stephen 
Watts Kearny, comprising a narrative account of the 
Council Bluff — St. Peter's military exploration and 
a voyage down the Mississippi River to St. Louis; 
edited by Valentine Mott Porter ... St. Louis, 
1908. 54 p., map. L 160 

Reprinted from Missouri Historical Society, Collections, 
III, 8-29, 99-131 (January, April, 1908). IHWL 

Tells in some detail of the trip down the river with stops at 
Fort Armstrong (Rock Island) , Fort Edwards, and other places. 
Describes forts, towns and Indian villages. 

1820 
Morse, Jedidiah. A report to the secretary of war of 
the United States, on Indian affairs, comprising a 
narrative of a tour performed in the stimmer of 1820, 
under a commission from the president of the United 
States, for the purpose of ascertaining for the use of 
the government, the actual state of the Indian tribes 



86 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

in our country. New Haven, Converse, pr., 1822. 
400 p., map. UICNWL 161 

The tour does not appear to have extended into Illinois but 
the report contains valuable historical, descriptive, and statis- 
tical matter on the Indians of Illinois and a description of 
Chicago. The appendix contains an account of the "Sauks, 
Foxes, Kickapoos, Pottawattamies, &c." by Major Morrell 
Marston stationed at Fort Armstrong, which has been reprinted 
from the original manuscript in Emma H. Blair, Indian tribes 
of the upper Mississippi and the Great Lakes regions, 11, 139-182 
(Cleveland, Clark, 1911-12. 2 v.) 

North American review, xvi, 30-45 (January, 1823); Sabin, 
Dictionary. 

1820 

Page, Karl G. Darstellung der biirgerlichen Verhalt- 

nisse in den Freistaaten von Nordamerika ; nebst 

einer merkwiirdigen Reise dahin . . . Bautzen, Leh- 

mann, pr. [183-?]. 112 p. L 162 

A scarce and interesting book by a German handicraftsman. 
Contains notes on a number of towns in Illinois. 
Sabin, Dictionary. 

1820 

Richardson, Jacob. Going West in 1820 including 

extracts from the journal of Jacob Richardson, Jr., 

read before the society, November 16, 1903, by 

George Richardson. Hyde Park [Massachusetts] 

historical record, iv, 46-67 (1904). NL 163 

Tells of a trip down the Ohio River with stops at Shawnee- 
town and Cave in Rock. 

1820 
Schoolcraft, Henry R. Narrative journal of travels 
through the north-western regions of the United 
States; extending from Detroit through the great 
chain of American lakes to the sources of the Missis- 
sippi River ; performed as a member of the expedition 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 87 

under Governor Cass, in the year 1820 . . . Albany, 
Hosford, 1 82 1. 419 p., map. MIHNWL 164 

This expedition returned around the southern end of Lake 
Michigan and the book contains a description of Chicago and 
environs. Another account of this expedition, in somewhat 
different form, appears as the first part of his Summary narrative 
of an exploratory expedition to the sources of the Mississippi 
River in 1820; resumed and completed . . . in 18 j2 . . . 
Philadelphia, Lippincott, etc., 1855. xx, [17-1596 p. UHCNWL — 
See also, his Personal memoirs, chap, iv (see no. 126). 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1820-21 
Flower, Richard. Letters from the Ilhnois, 1820, 1821 ; 
containing an account of the EngHsh settlement at 
Albion and its vicinity, and a refutation of the vari- 
ous misrepresentations, those more particularly of 
Mr. Cobbett; with a letter from M. Birkbeck; and 
a preface and notes by Benjamin Flower. London, 
Ridgway, 1822. 76 p. HWL 165 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, x, 111-169 
(Cleveland, Clark, 1904). UIJCNWL — Also in Sf arks, English 
settlement (see no. 134). UICL 

These letters, two of which were first published in the 
Monthly repository (August, October, 1820), form a sort of 
continuation of the author's Letters from Lexington and the 
Illinois (no. 140), and describe life and conditions in the 
English settlement from January, 1820, to August, 1821. The 
notes of Benjamin Flower are extensive and include an extract 
from Frances Wright D'Arusmont, Vievus of society and manners 
in America (no. 137). Like the other books by Flower and 
Birkbeck this was undoubtedly designed to encourage emigra- 
tion from England to the settlement and should be balanced 
by the accounts of less favorably disposed writers. 

Quarterly revievo, xxvii, 71-99 (April, 1822); Monthly review, 
2d series, xcviii, 433-434 (August, 1822); Sabin, Dictionary; 
Lamed, Literature of American History, no. 1780. 

1820-32 
Spencer, J. W. Reminiscences of pioneer life in the 
Mississippi Valley . . . published for complimentary 



88 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

distribution by his children. Davenport [Iowa], 

Griggs, etc., pr., 1872. 73 p. m 166 

Spencer lived in Green and Morgan counties from 1820 to 
1829. In 1828 he made a trip to Rock Island where he located 
the next year. The book tells of pioneer life, of various trips 
especially in the northern part of the state, of relations between 
the white settlers and the Indians, and of personal experiences 
in the Black Hawk War. 

1820-40 
Ross, Harvey L. The early pioneers and pioneer events 
of the state of Illinois including personal recollections 
of the writer; of Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Jackson, 
and Peter Cartwright, together with a brief biography 
of the writer. Chicago, Eastman, 1899. xi, 199 p. 

IL 167 

Ross arrived in Illinois from New Jersey in 1820 and located 
in Fulton County the following year. The book tells of the 
trip out, of many other trips in various parts of the state, and 
of pioneer life and conditions. 

1821 

Bingley, William. Travels in North America from 

modern writers, with remarks and observations; 

exhibiting a connected view of the geography and 

present state of that quarter of the globe; designed 

for the use of young persons. London, Harvey 

& Darton, 1821. 346 p. UHNWL 168 

Contains about a page descriptive of Illinois and reprints 
extracts from Birkbeck, Notes on a journey in America (no. 
9S), and Pike, Voyage up the Mississippi River (no. 65), 

1821 
Childs, Col. Ebenezer. Recollections of Wisconsin 
since 1820. Wisconsin historical collections, iv, 153- 

195 (1859). UMmjCNWL 169 

Contains an interesting account of a trip from St. Louis to 
Chicago by way of the Illinois River in 182 1. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 89 

1821 
Schmidt, Frederich. Versuch iiber den politischen 
Zustand der Vereinigten Staaten von Nord America 
enthaltend: Untersuchungen iiber die Lage, den 
Flachengehalt und die physische Beschaffenheit des 
Landes, iiber die politische Eintheilung und die Zahl 
seiner Bewohner; iiber den Zustand des Ackerbaues, 
der Viehzucht, der Fischereien, der Manufacturen 
und des Handels; uber Banken und Bank-Verwirr- 
ung; uber die traurigen Verhaltnisse des Landes im 
AUgemeinen ; iiber Regierung, Staatseinkiinf te, Land- 
und Seemacht und die Zahl der Stammvolker ; iiber 
die ihren zugefiigten Misshandlungen, ihre Sitten 
und Gebrauche, ihren Ursprung und ihre Denkmaler. 
Stuttgart & Tiibingen, Cotta, 1822. 2 v. E 170 

The author states that his work is the resiilt of fotir years 
observation in the United States. Besides much incidental 
matter on the West and Illinois in other chapters, the chapter 
entitled "Politische Eintheilung des Landes" has a six-page 
section on the state; its location, rivers, soil, climate, products, 
inhabitants, religion, and chief towns. Schmidt's impressions 
of America were unfavorable. 

North American review, xvii, 91-118 (July, 1823). 

1821 
Schoolcraft, Henry R. Travels in the central portion 
of the Mississippi Valley; comprising observations 
on its mineral geography, internal resources, and 
aboriginal poptdation. (Performed under sanction 
of government, in the year 1821.) New York, Col- 
lins & Hannay, 1825. iv, 459 p., 2 maps. UMIHNWL 

171 

Schoolcraft accompanied General Cass on an expedition down 
the Wabash and Ohio rivers to Shawneetown, across southern 
Illinois to St. Louis by wagon, up the Mississippi and Illinois 
rivers to Peoria and by horseback to Chicago where a treaty 



go ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

was negotiated with the Indians. The narrative is interesting 
and important, especially with reference to the Indians. See 
his Personal memoirs, chap, vii (see no. 126). 

Eclectic review (London), xlii, 473-482 (December, 1825); 
North American review, xxvi, 357-366 (April, 1828); Sabin, 
Dictionary; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio; Boggess, Illinois, 
230. 

1821-23 

Ogden, George W. Letters from the West ; comprising 

a tour through the western country and a residence 

of two summers in the states of Ohio and Kentucky ; 

originally written in letters to a brother. New 

Bedford [Massachusetts], Melcher & Rogers, 1823. 

126 p. HNWL 172 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, xix, 19-112, 
(Cleveland, Clark, 1905). UIJCNWL 

Ogden represents himself as a Massachusetts Quaker who was 
in the West from i82itoi823. Several of his letters are devoted 
to Illinois history and geography but the greater part of them is 
plagiarized from Evans, Pedestrians tour; Miller, New states 
and territories; Harding, Tour, and probably others (nos. 115, 
124, 129). 

Boggess, Illinois, 227; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1822 
Birkbeck, Morris. An address to the farmers of Great 
Britain, with an essay on the prairies of the western 
country, to which is annexed the constitution of the 
state of Illinois. London, Ridgway, 1822. 52 p. 
fflNL 173 

In this address Birkbeck asserts that his earlier claims have 
been confirmed by experience and gives additional information 
about conditions in Illinois. 

Monthly review, clxxxi, 250-256. 

1822 
[Blane, William N.] An excursion through the United 
States and Canada during the years 1822-23 by an 



I 



* 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 91 

English gentleman. London, Baldwin, etc., 1824. 
511 p., 2 maps. UICWL 174 

Reissued, also anonymously, as Travels through the United 
States and Canada. London, Baldwin, 1828. 511 p., 2 maps. 
ML 

Account of a trip from Vincennes via Albion to St. Louis 
and back via Carmi to New Harmony with descriptions of the 
English settlement, the prairies and frontier conditions. Sabin 
gives "Captain Blaney" as the author. 

Sabin, Dictionary, no. 5872; Boggess, Illinois, 215; Edin- 
burgh review, xl, 427-442 (July, 1824). 

1822 

Hollister, Edward. Remarks on the states of Illinois 

and Missouri. Christian [monthly] spectator, v, 20-26 

(January, 1823). NWL 175 

Hollister was a missionary who traveled through the West. 
He was interested especially in social, religious, and educational 
conditions. 

1822 

Morse, Sidney E. A new system of modem geography ; 
or, A view of the present state of the world; with an 
appendix, containing statistical tables of . . . com- 
merce . . . Boston, Clark, etc., 1822. 676 p. & 
atlas. HWL 176 

Contains a four-page account of Illinois, deahng with the 
face of the country, rivers, internal improvements, and chief 
towns. 

North American review, xvi, 176-181 (January, 1823). 

1822^25 

Meeker, Moses. Early history of the lead region of 

Wisconsin. Wisconsin historical collections, vi, 271- 

296 (1872). UMIHJCNWL 177 

Meeker made trips from Cincinnati to Galena on horseback 
in 1822 and with a keelboat in 1823. He writes briefly of these 
trips and of Hfe and operations at the Fever River lead mines. 



92 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1822-27 
A complete historical, chronological, and geographical 
American atlas, being a guide to the history of North 
and South America, and the West Indies; exhibiting 
an accurate account of the discovery, settlement, and 
progress of their various kingdoms, states, provinces, 
&c. together with the wars, celebrated battles, and 
remarkable events, to the year, 1822; according to 
the plan of Le Sage's atlas, and intended as a com- 
panion to Lavoisne's improvement of that celebrated 
work. Philadelphia, Carey & Lea, 1822. [118] 
leaves inch 46 maps. HWL 178 

Also, tb'(i., 1823. I — Ibid., 182$. S — 3ded.,corr. &impr., 
ibid., 1827. 109 leaves incl. 46 maps. UL — Also in part as The 
geography,history and statistics of America and the West Indies . . . 
to the year 1822. London, Sherwood, etc., 1823. viii, 477 p., 
10 maps. UHL — London, 1825. S — French ed., by J. A. C. 
Buchon as Atlas geographique . . . Paris, Carez, 1825. 3, [11] 
p., 125 leaves incl. 57 maps. L — German ed., by C. F. 
Weiland as Atlas von Amerika; mit beigedructer geographisch- 
statistisch-und historischer Beschreibung von G. Hassel. Weimar, 
Geographischeslnstitut, 1824-29. 45 maps. (Incomplete set L) 

The American editions contain a map of Illinois with border 
text descriptive of the state; its rivers, towns, public lands and 
educational system. The French and German editions are 
in the same form but the English editions are made up of the 
descriptive matter, with most of the maps omitted. 

1822-71 
Cumings, Samuel. The western navigator, containing 
directions for the navigation of the Ohio and Missis- 
sippi; and . . . information concerning the towns, 
&c. on their banks . . . accompanied by charts of 
the Ohio River, in its whole extent; and of the 
Mississippi River, from the mouth of the Missouri 
to the Gulf of Mexico . . . Philadelphia, Littell, 
1822. 2 v. L 179 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 93 

This is the title of the second volume, which contains the 
letter-press. The first volume, containing the charts, has a 
slightly different title (see Sabin, Dictionary, nos. 17902, 17903). 
Reissued with alterations as The western pilot, containing charts 
of the Ohio River, and of the Mississippi . . . with direc- 
tions for navigating the same, and a description of the towns on 
their banks, tributary streams, b°c. . . . Cincinnati, Morgan, 
etc., pr., 1825, 143 p., 43 maps. L — Cincinnati, 1828. 
E — Cincinnati, Guilford, 1829. 104 p., 44 maps. INL — 
Ibid., 18^2. 151 p. inch 44 maps. UNL — Ibid., iSt,^. 152 p. 
incl. 44 maps. HCNWL — New ed., Cincinnati, ConcHn, 
1836. — Ibid., 1838. 144 p. incl. 43 maps. L — New ed., 
rev. by Capt. Charles Ross & Hugh McClain, ibid., 1839. 
144 p. incl. maps. M — Ibid., 1840. 144 p. ID — Ibid., 
1841. N — Ibid., 1845. 144 p. incl. maps. W — Ibid., 1847. 
144 p. 

Reissued without the compiler's name as A book for all 
travelers: A new river guide; or, A gazetteer of all the towns on the 
western waters; containing sketches of the cities, towns, and coun- 
tries bordering on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and their 
principal tributaries, together with their population, products, 
commerce, &'c., b'c, in 1848; and many interesting events 
of history connected with them; compiled from the latest and 
best authority. Ibid. 128 p. incl. 44 maps. W — As . . . 
Conclin's New river guide . . . Cincinnati, Applegate, 1849. 
128 p., maps. L — Ibid., 1850. 128 p., maps. L — Cincin- 
nati, James, 1851. 128 p. incl. 44 maps. L — Ibid., 1852. 
128 p. incl. 44 maps. J — Ibid., 1854. 128 p. incl. 44 maps. 
HC — Ibid., 18$^. 128 p., maps. L 

Reissued as James' River guide . . . Ibid., 1856. 128 p., 
maps. IL — Ibid., 1857. 128 p., maps. U — Ibid., 1858. 
128 p., maps. W — Ibid., 1869. 128 p., maps. L — Rev. 
ed., ibid., 1871. 128 p., maps. L 

Sabin says that Cumings, Navigator and Pilot are amplifica- 
tions of Cramer, Navigator (no. 59), "without acknowledgment 
of the main source of their material." See also Gilleland, Ohio 
and Mississippi pilot (no. 158). These books were much used 
by travelers and were revised from time to time in the different 
editions. The advertisement of the 1832 edition states that 
the surveys for the charts were originally executed in 1 819-21 
but that resurveys had been made and the charts corrected. 
This edition contains descriptions of the Mississippi and 
Missouri rivers from Flint, Geography and history (no. 211); 
and sketches entitled "The last of the boatmen" and "The 
French village" from James Hall, Western souvenir. 



94 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Western monthly magazine (Hall's), v, 125 (February, 1836); 
Sabin, Dictionary; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1823 
Beck, Lewis C. A gazetteer of the states of Illinois 
and Missouri, containing a general view of their 
counties, and a particular description of their towns, 
villages, rivers . . . Albany, Webster, pr., 1823. 
352 p., map. MmcNWL 180 

Valuable for detailed information about the communities in 
Illinois at this early period. 
Boggess, Illinois, 235. 

1823 
Beltrami, [Giacomo] C. La decouverte des sources du 
Mississippi et de la Riviere Sanglante ; description du 
cours entier du Mississippi . . . ansi que du cours 
entier de I'Ohio . . . New Orleans, Levy, 1824. 
327 p. IHNL 181 

English ed., enl., as A pilgrimage in Europe and America 
. . . London, Hunt & Clarke, 1828. 2 v. UMIHCNW 

Tells of a voyage down the Ohio and up the Mississippi in 
1823 with descriptions of the country and remarks on the 
Indians. Not considered reliable. 

North American review, xxvii, 89-90 (July, 1828); Illinois 
monthly magazine, i, 423-426 (June, 1831); Sabin, Dictionary. 

1823 
Coflan, Levi. Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, the reputed 
president of the underground railroad . . . Cincin- 
nati, Western tract society [c. 1876]. viii, 712 p. 
L 182 

2d ed., with appendix, Cincinnati, Clarke, 1880. viii, 732 p. 
NWL 

Tells of the author's visit to a Quaker settlement in Sangamon 
County, Illinois. 

Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 1870; Boggess, 
Illinois, 216. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 95 

1823 

Keating, William H. Narrative of an expedition to 

the source of St. Peter's River . . . 1823 . . . 

under the command of Stephen H. Long, U. S. T. E. ; 

compiled from the notes of Major Long, Messrs. 

Say, Keating and Calhoun . . . Philadelphia, Carey 

& Lea, 1824. 2 v., map. MHNW 183 

Also, London, Whittaker, 1825. 2 v., map. UIHCNWL 
The route of this expedition was through Chicago and 
overland to Prairie du Chien. The Narrative contains much 
interesting descriptive matter relative to Chicago and northern 
Illinois, including a description of the Chicago-Des Plaines 
portage. This was known as "Long's second expedition." 

North American review, xxi, 178-189 (July, 1825); xxvn, 
44-98 (July, 1828); Monthly review, 2d series, cvin, 1 13-125 
(October, 1825); Sabin, Dictionary; Lamed, Literature of Ameri- 
can history, no. 415; Boggess, Illinois, 225. 

1823 

Paul Wilhelm [Friedrich], Duke of Wilrttemberg. Erste 

Reise nach dem nordlichen Amerika in den Jahren 

1822 bis 1824. Stuttgart & Tubingen, Cotta, 1835. 

vi, 396 p., map. CLF 184 

The duke, who was a naturalist, tells of his travels up the 
Mississippi and Ohio to Louisville, back down the Ohio and 
up the Mississippi to St. Louis, and then farther west. 

1823 

Worcester, J[oseph] E. Sketches of the earth and its 

inhabitants; with one hundred engravings . . . 

Boston, Cummings, etc., 1823. 2 v. L 185 

Contains a section on the western states, which treats of the 
prairies, antiquities, the Ohio River, etc. Worcester also 
compiled a text-book entitled : Elements of geography. 

1823-53 
Cartwright, Peter. Autobiography of Peter Cart- 
wright, the backwoods preacher, edited by W. P. 



96 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Strickland. Cincinnati, Cranston & Curts; New 
York, Hunt & Eaton, [1856]. 525 p. ICN 186 

Also, New York, Carlton & Porter, 1857. 525 p. WL — 
Cincinnati, Swormstedt & Poe, 1859. 525 p. HL— Cincinnati, 
Jennings & Graham, etc., n.d. 525 p. U 

This famous Methodist circuit-rider made an exploratory 
trip through Illinois in 1823 and located the following year in 
Sangamon County. He had charge of several districts in the 
central and northern part of the state and traveled extensively 
on his circuits and in attending conferences. Though contain- 
ing little formal description, the book depicts social and reUgious 
conditions on the frontier. 

1824 
Roding, Carl N. Amerika, in seiner gegenwartigen 
politischen Gestalt nach den neuesten, zuverlassigsten 
Originalquellen, mit Beriicksichtigung des merkan- 
tilischen Bediirfnisses, bearbeitet. Hamburg, Hart- 
wig & Miiller, pr., 1824. viii, 232 p. W 187 
Contains a brief account of Illinois. See also his Columbus 
(no. 196). 

1824-27 

Duden, Gottfried. Bericht iiber eine Reise nach den 
westlichen Staaten Nord- Amerika 's und einem mehr- 
jahrigen Aufenthalt am Missouri (in den Jahren 
1824, 25, 26 und 1827), in Bezug auf Auswanderung 
und Uebervolkerung; oder, Das Leben im Innern 
der Vereinigten Staaten, und dessen Bedeutung fiir 
die hausliche und politische Lage der Europaer . . . 
Elberfeld, Lucas, pr., 1829. xvi, 348 p. UL 188 

Also, St. Gallen, Scheitlin & Zollikofer, 1833. S — 2d ed., 
enl., Bonn, Weber, 1834. Iviii, 404 p., map. CWL 

Deals mainly with Missouri but contains occasional descrip- 
tive matter on Illinois. This work had an extensive influence 
in directing German immigration to Illinois and Missouri. 
See also his " Selbst-anklage wegen seines amerikanischen 
Reiseberichtes, zur Wamung vor femem leichtsinnigen Aus- 
wandem," in his Die nordamerikanische Demokratie und das 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 97 

V. Tocqueville'sche Werk dariiber . . . , 84-104 (Bonn, Weber 
1837). — Gustave Koemer wrote in 1834 a "Review 
(Beleuchtung) of Duden's Report Concerning the Western 
States of North America," which was pubHshed by his brother 
Charles in Germany. See his Memoirs, i, 275, 314, 320, 326 
(no. 270). 

Foreign quarterly review, xvii, 217-221 (April, 1836); 
Boggess, Illinois, 218. 

1825 

[Armroyd, George.] A connected view of the whole 

internal navigation of the United States, natural and 

artificial; present and prospective. Philadelphia, 

Carey & Lea, 1826. 192 p., 10 maps. HWL 189 

Enl. ed., Philadelphia, author, 1830. 617 p., map. JNL 
Describes the rivers and proposed canal routes of Illinois. 

One map is of Illinois and Missouri. The data were collected 

in 1825. 

1825 

[Barbaroux, Charles O., & J. A. Lardier.] Voyage du 

General Lafayette aux Etats-Unis d'Amerique en 

1824 et 1825 . . . Paris, 1824-25. 3 parts. S 190 

Also, Bruxelles, De Mat, 1825. 3 v. L — Paris, L'Huillier, 
1826. 364 p. L 
Brief on the visit to Illinois. See Levasseur's account (no. 

193)- 
Sabin, Dictionary, no. 38583. 

1825 
Fonda, John H. Early Wisconsin. Wisconsin histori- 
cal collections, V, 205-284 (1868). UMIHJCNWL 191 

Contains a narrative of a trip from St. Louis to Chicago by 
way of the Illinois River and a description of Chicago. 

1825 
Hewett, D. The American traveller; or. National 
directory, containing an account of all the great post 
roads, in the United States ... a geographical and 



98 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

statistical view of the United States; with informa- 
tion on other subjects interesting to travellers . . . 
Washington, Davis & Force, 1825. 440 p. WL 192 
Describes routes to and in Illinois. 

1825 
Levassetir, A. Layfayette en Amerique en 1824 et 
1825; ou. Journal d'un voyage aux Etats-Unis . . . 
Paris, Baudouin, 1829. 2 v. L 193 

English ed., New York, White, etc., 1829. 2 v. H — Phila- 
delphia, Carey & Lea, 1829. 2 v. MIHWL — German ed., 
Naumberg, Wild, 1829. 2 v. in i. L — Dutch ed., Zutphen, 
Thieme, 1831. 2 v. L — Republished in part in William 
Smith, Collection choise des voyages . . . , xii (Paris, Bureau 
de la Publication, n.d.) WL 

Lafayette visited Kaskaskia from St. Louis in April, 1825, and 
later stopped at Shawneetown on his way up the Ohio. Levas- 
seur was his secretary and the book contains a detailed account 
of the tour, compiled from his journal. A chapter of about 
twenty pages is devoted to the Kaskaskia visit. 

American quarterly review, vi, 467-494 (December, 1829); 
Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 1646. See also 
Ellen M. Henrotin, "The visit of the Marquis de Lafayette to 
Illinois in 1825," in Illinois State Historical Society, Trans- 
actions, 1907, pp. 79-84. 

1825 
Loomis, Chester A. A journey on horseback through 
the great West, in 1825 .. . visiting Allegany 
towns, Olean, Warren, Franklin, Pittsburg, New 
Lisbon, Elyria, Norfalk, Columbus, Zanesville, Ver- 
million, Kaskaskia, Vandalia, Sandusky, and many 
other places. Bath, 'New York, Plain dealer, n.d. 
27 unnimibered p. UMINWL 194 

This pamphlet, apparently a reprint of a newspaper publica- 
tion for it is set up in double columns, contains a very interesting 
contemporary record of observations and experiences in the 
West. The writer crossed the Wabash near the mouth of Pine 
Creek, visited the VermiHon salines, and then made his way 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 99 

southward through Paris and Palestine and westward through 
VandaHa to Kaskaskia. 
Boggess, Illinois, 225-226. 

1825 

Reed, Isaac. The Christian traveller, in five parts, 

including nine years, and eighteen thousand miles. 

New York, Harper, pr., 1828. 242 p. Ul 195 

Reed was a Presbyterian missionary in Indiana but his labors 
occasionally took him over into eastern Illinois. He gives a 
journal of a trip to Paris in Edgar County in the fall of 1825. 

1825-32 

Roding, C[arl] N. Columbus: Amerikanische Mis- 

cellen. Hamburg, 1825-32. 15 v. D (incomplete, 

CWL) 196 

A periodical published monthly. The last number, for 
March, 1831, was issued in 1832. The volumes have also 
extra titles as: Amerika ini Jahre 1825. They are indexed and 
contain incidental matter on Illinois. See also his Amerika 
(no. 187). 

1825-46 
Lee, John D. Life and confession of John D. Lee, 
the Mormon, with a full account of the Mountain 
Meadows massacre, and execution of Lee. Phila- 
delphia, Barclay [c. 1877]. ii, 19-64 p. N 197 

Reissued with add. as Mormonism unveiled; including the 
remarkable life and confessions of the late Mormon bishop, John 
D. Lee {written by himself); and complete life of Brigham Young, 
embracing a history of Mormonism from its inception down to the 
present time ... St. Louis, Moffat; Cleveland, Wick, 1881. 
413 p. L — Also, St. Louis, Sun Publishing Company, 1882. 
413 p. I — Reissued as The Mormon menace; being the confession 
of John Doyle Lee, Danite, an official assassin of the Mormon 
church . . . introduction by Alfred Henry Lewis. New York, 
Home Protection Publishing Company [c. 1905]. 368 p. UIHC 

Lee was bom in Kaskaskia in 181 2, joined the Mormons in 
Missouri in 1838, returned with them to Illinois in 1839, and 



loo ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

served as a Mormon missionary in various parts of the West. 
He tells of pioneer life in Illinois, of Nauvoo, and of the expul- 
sion of the Mormons from the state. 

1826 

Bernhard [Karl], Duke of Saxe-Weimar- Eisenach. 

Reise . . . dtirch Nord Amerika in den Jahren 

1825 und 1826 . . . Weimar, Hoffman, 1828. 2 v., 

maps. UL 198 

English ed., Philadelphia, Carey, etc., 1828. 2 v. MIHCWL 
Dutch ed . , Dordrecht ,1829. S 

The duke's account of his trip up the Mississippi to St. Louis 
and by way of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers to New Harmony 
is of considerable interest in spite of the fact that he quotes 
most of his descriptions of river towns from the Western 
navigator (no. 179). 

Tuckerman, America, 303-304. 

1826 

[Sealsfield, Charles.] Die Vereinigten Staaten von 
Nordamerika, nach ihrem politischen, religiosen tmd 
gesellschaftlichen Verhaltnisse betractet; mit einer 
Reise durch den westlichen Theil von Pennsylvanien, 
Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Missiiri, Tennes- 
see, das Gebiet Arkansas, Missisippi und Louisiana 
von C. Sidons [pseudonym], Burger der Vereinigten 
Staaten von Nordamerika. Stuttgart & Tubingen, 
Cotta, 1827. 2 V. WL 199 

English ed., of volume i as The United States of North America 
as they are. London, Murray, 1827. xii, 242 p. S — London, 
Simpkin & Marshall, 1828. xii, 242 p. W — Dutch ed. from 
the English ed., Leeuwarden, 1828. S — English ed. of 
volume II as The Americans as they are; described in a tour 
through the valley of the Mississippi . . . London, Hurst, 
etc., 1828. X, 221 p. UMmCNWL 

The real name of the author of this work is Karl Post! but 
he is almost invariably known under the name of Charles 
Sealsfield. The first volume contains general matter on poli- 
tics, literature, social life, religion, agriculture, and manufac- 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION loi 

tures in the United States. The second volume tells of a tour in 
the course of which the author visited Albion, and Shawneetown 
and then traveled down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to 
St. Louis. The towns along the route are described and one 
chapter is devoted to a general description of Illinois. 

Monthly review, 3d series, cxcvi, 448-457 (April, 1828); 
North American review, xxvii, 415-437 (October, 1828); Bog- 
gess, Illinois, 213. 

1826-27 
Thomas, Judge William. Early times; reminiscences. 
Jacksonville [Illinois] weekly journal, April 14 (i.e. 
18), 1877. 200 

Clipping bound in Illinois local history pamphlets, v. W 
There is a file of the paper in the office in Jacksonville. Thomas 
came from Kentucky via New Harmony, Clinton, Carlyle, 
Belleville, Edwardsville, Alton, and CarroUton to Jacksonville 
where he located. He writes of the trip, of riding the circuit 
of central Illinois courts, and of his participation in the expedi- 
tion against the Winnebago Indians. The article throws 
interesting side-lights on social and political conditions. See 
also his "The Winnebago 'War' of 1827," first published in the 
Journal, August 21, 1871, and reprinted in Illinois State Histori- 
cal Society, Transactions, 1907, pp. 265-269. 

Boggess, Illinois, 231. 

1827 
Brauns, Dr. Ernst [L.] Ideen iiber die Auswanderung 
nach Amerika; nebst Beitragen zur genauern Kennt- 
niss seiner Bewohner und seines gegenwartigen 
Zustandes; nach eignen Ansichten und den neusten 
Quellen und Hiilfsmitteln. Gottingen, Vandenhoeck 
& Ruprecht, 1827. xxxi, 880 p. L 201 

General descriptive material, notes on Illinois with reference 
to suitability for emigrants, and a list of books on Illinois and 
Indiana. 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1827 
A geographical view of the United States. Boston, 
White, 1827. 132 p. L 202 



I02 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

2d ed., Boston, 1828. 120 p. U 

Two pages devoted specifically to Illinois. The work was 
copyrighted in 1827 by Samuel G. Goodrich. 

1827 
McKenney, Thomas L. Memoirs, official and per- 
sonal; with sketches of travels among the northern 
and southern Indians; embracing a war excursion, 
and descriptions of scenes along the western borders. 
New York, Paine & Burgess, 1846. 2 v. in i. 
UfflNWL 203 

2d ed., ibid. 2 v. in i. CN — 3d ed. as Sketches of travels 
. . . New York, Burgess, 1854. 2 v. in i. S 

McKenney was superintendent of Indian affairs. The book 
contains an account of a trip down the Mississippi from Prairie 
du Chien in 1827 with descriptions of Galena, Fort Edwards and 
other places along the river. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xv, 221 (August, 1846). 

1827-31 
Trollope, [Frances M.] Domestic manners of the 
Americans; by Mrs. Trollope . . . London, Whit- 
taker, etc., pr., 1832. 2 V. MWL 204 

2d ed., ibid, 2 v. HW — 3d ed., ibid. 2 v. H — 4th ed., 
ibid. 2 V. C — 4th ed., "reprinted for the bookseller," 
New York, 1832. 325 p. I — 5th ed., 1839. {Bentley's Stand- 
ard library, iv.) B — Edited by Harry Thurston Peck, New 
York, Dodd, 1901. xix, 304 p. U — New York, Bell, 1904. 
402 p. (The unit books, vi.) L — French ed., in Albert Monte- 
MONT, Bibliotheque universelle des voyages, xxxix, 384-451 
(Paris, Armand-Aubree, 1835). N — 3d French ed., from 4th 
Enghsh, Paris, Gosselin, 1841. 416 p. L 

Mrs. Trollope 's book is based mainly on experiences at 
Cincinnati; but it is a picture, though an exaggerated one, of 
social conditions throughout the West. It called forth a 
number of replies among which are: American criticisms on 
Mrs. Trollope' s "Domestic manners ..." (London, Rich, 
1833. 64 p. — 2d ed., ibid. 68 p.); [Calvin Colton] The 
Americans . . . (London, Westley & Davis, 1833. ^ii, 
389 p.); [Shelton] The Trollopiad; or Travelling gentlemen 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 103 

in America; a satire; by Nil Admirari, Esq. . . . (New York, 
Shepard, 1837. 151 p.) The first of these is a reprint of 
the first three reviews Usted below. See also Tudor, Narrative 
of a tour (no. 231). 

New England magazine, August, 1832; American quarterly 
review, xxiii, 109-133 (September, 1832); North American 
review, lxxviii, 1-48 (January, 18 ^ t,) ; Illinois monthly magazine, 
II, 505-525 (August, 1832); Tuckerman, America, 225-229; 
Larned, Literature of American history, no. 1972. 

1828 
Darby, William. View of the United States, historical, 
geographical, and statistical; exhibiting in a con- 
venient form, the natural and artificial features of 
the several states, and embracing those leading 
branches of history and statistics best adapted to 
develop the present condition of the North American 
Union. Philadelphia, Tanner, 1828. 622 p., maps. 
UHNW 205 

Ibid. 654 p., maps. WL 

The only difference between the two editions is that the one 
with 654 pages has an index. Besides useful material in the 
various general chapters and the chapter on the Mississippi 
basin, there is a brief special section devoted to Illinois, and a 
map of the state. The work is doubtless a compilation from 
other books. The review of this book in the American quarterly, 
listed below, is said by James Hall in his " Notes on Illinois " 
(no. 233) to be "the most compendious and accurate descrip- 
tion that we have seen of the great plain upon which our state 
is situated." 

American quarterly review, v, 143-190 (March, 1829). 

1828 

The English party's excursion to Paris, in Easter week 

1849; to which is added, a trip to America, etc., etc., 

etc., by J. B., Esq., barrister-at-law . . . London, 

Longmans, 1850. 557 p. L 206 

Contains the journal of a trip down the Ohio and Mississippi 
rivers in 1828 with comments on the western states and people. 



104 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1828 
Hall, Basil. Travels in North America in the years 
1827 and 1828. Edinburgh, Cadell, etc., 1829. 3 v., 
map. umCNWL 207 

Also, Philadelphia, Carey, etc., 1829. 2 v. L — 3d ed., 
Edinburgh, Cadell, 1830, 3 V. S — French ed., Paris, 
Bertrand, 1834. 2 v., map. L — Berlin, 1834. 2 v. S — 
Bruxelles, Dumont, 1835. 2 v. S — Also in Albert Mon- 
TEMONT, Bihliotheque universelle des voyages, xxxix, 39-383 
(Paris, Armand-Aubree, 1835). N — In part in William Smith, 
Collection choise des voyages . . . , xii (Paris, Bureau de la 
Publication, n.d.) WL 

Captain Hall went from Louisville to St. Louis by the rivers 
and then across Illinois by land in May, 1828. His account 
of this part of the tour is brief but contains a description of the 
Illinois prairies. The book drew forth several replies. See, 
for example [Richard Biddle], Captain Hall in America by an 
American (Philadelphia, Carey & Lea, 1830. 120 p.) This 
was reprinted in England as A review of Captain Basil Hall's 
travels . . . by an American (London, Kennett, 1830. 149 p. — 
2d ed., London, 1830). See also [Calvin Colton] The Americans, 
by an American in London (London, Westley & Davis, 1833. 
xii, 389 p.) One chapter of Mrs. Trollope, Domestic manners of 
the Americans (no. 204) deals with Hall's book and its reception 
in America. 

Edinburgh review, xlix, 473-525 (June, 1828); North Ameri- 
can revievj, xxix, 522-579 (October, 1829); Westminster revievu, 
XI, 416-447 (October, 1829); Quarterly revievu, xli, 417-447 
(November, 1829); Tuckerman, America, 220; Sabin, Diction- 
ary; Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 1623. 

1828 

Hall, James. Letters from the West; containing 

sketches of scenery, manners, and customs; and 

anecdotes connected with the first settlements of 

the western sections of the United States. London, 

Colburn, 1828. vi, 385 p. UMIHCNW 208 

Also, ibid., 1830. S 

Some of these letters appeared in the Portfolio (Dennie's) 
during 1821-25. Those of most interest for Illinois, including 
one on Shawneetown, and others on such subiects as backwoods, 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 105 

emigration, and tales of travelers, do not appear to have been 
so published. They contain excellent material on the social 
conditions of the West in the early days. For a sketch of the 
author see Davis L. James, "Judge James Hall, a literary 
pioneer of the Middle West," in Ohio Archaeological and 
Historical Society, Publications, xviii, 468-483 (1909). 

Quarterly review, xxxix, 345-359 (April, 1829); Boggess 
Illinois, 221; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1828 
Lips, Dr. [Michael] Alexander. Statistik von America ; 
oder, Versuch einer historisch-pragmatischen und 
raisonirenden Darstellung des politischen und biir- 
gerlichen Zustandes der neuen Staaten-Korper von 
Amerika. Frankfurt, Wilmans, 1828. viii, 480 p., 
map. W 209 

Scattered notes on IlHnois and general descriptive matter. 

1828 

Martin, Morgan L. Narrative . . . Wisconsin historical 

collections, XI, ^^5-415(1888). UMIHJCNWL 210 

In an interview with Editor Thwaites, Martin tells of a visit 
to Galena and the lead mines in 1828. With the article is a 
facsimile of an interesting Map of the United States lead mines 
on the Upper Mississippi River, drawn and published by R.W. 
Chandler of Galena, 182Q (Cincinnati, Martin, engraver, 1829). 
This map has considerable descriptive matter upon it. 

1828-33 
Flint, Timothy. A condensed geography and history 
of the western states, or the Mississippi Valley. 
Cincinnati, Flint, 1828. 2 v. HWL 211 

Reissued as The history and geography of the Mississippi 
Valley. 2d ed., Cincinnati, Flint & Lincoln, 1832. 2 v. in i. 
UHCL — 3d ed., Cincinnati, Flint, 1833. 2 v. in i. UINW 

Besides general chapters on geography, history, and social 
conditions in the West, one chapter is devoted to Illinois and 
treats of the physical characteristics, settlements, people, agri- 
culture, manufactxiring, roads, education, history, and political 



io6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

institutions of the state. Flint derived much of his informa- 
tion from observation during a long residence in the West and 
the work is a valuable source. There is a prospectus of the 
work in the Western monthly review (Flint's), i, 633-647 (March, 
1828). 

North American review, xxviii, 80-103 (January, 1829); 
American quarterly review, v, 343-358 (June, 1829); Sabin, 
Dictionary; Tuckerman, America, 401-404; Thomson, Bibliog- 
raphy oj Ohio; Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 1778; 
Kirkpatrick, Timothy Flint, 307 (Cleveland, Clark, 191 1). 

1828-60 
Olney, J[esse]. A practical system of modern geog- 
raphy; or, A view of the present state of the world 
. . . Hartford, Robinson, 1828-29. 270 p. L 212 

4th ed., ibid., 1830. 268 p. L — loth ed., ibid., 1832. 
D — nth ed., ibid. 288 p. E — 19th ed.. New York, 1835. 
D — 23d ed.. New York, Robinson, etc., 1836. 288 p. L — 
27th ed., ibid., 1838. F — 33d ed., ibid., 1840. D — 34th ed., 
ibid. 288 p. E — 3Sth ed., ibid., 1842. 286 p. L — 42d 
ed., New York, Pratt, etc., 1844. 294 p. L — 44th ed., ibid. 
A — 52d ed., ibid., 1846. 300 p. E — 55th ed., ibid., 1847. 
300 p. L — 63d ed., ibid., i2><,o. 296 p. L — 68th ed., rev., 
ibid., 1851. 296 p. W — 76th ed.,ibid., 1852. 296 p. E — 
8ist ed., ibid., 1853. H — Reissued as Olney's School geography, 
a practical system . . . g2d ed., ibid., 1855. 304 p. L — looth 
ed., ibid., i860. 226 p. L 

Covers Illinois in about two pages. Each edition calls for 
an accompanying atlas but these are lacking in most copies. 
Olney also compiled a number of more elementary geographies. 

1829 

Atwater, Caleb. Remarks made on a tour to Prairie 

du Chien; thence to Washington City, in 1829. 

Columbus, Jenkins & Glover, pr., 1831. vii, 296 p. 

UWL 213 

Also, Columbus, Whiting, 1831. vii, 296 p. IHN — Reissued 
as The Indians of the Northwest . . . or, Remarks made on a 
tour . . . Columbus, 1850. vii, 296 p. CWL — Also in his 
Writings. Columbus, Scott & Wright, pr., 1833. 408 p. 
MHWL 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 107 

Atwater, who was one of three commissioners appointed to 
treat with the Indians of the Upper Mississippi Valley, was a 
careful observer and his descriptions of the Mississippi River, 
the lead region and the Indians of northern Illinois are of 
considerable value. 

Larned, Literature of American history, nos. 602, 2016; 
Boggess, Illinois, 213; Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio. 

1829 

Murray, Hugh. Historical account of discoveries and 

travels in North America . . . with observations on 

emigration. London, Longmans, etc., 1829. 2 v., 

maps. UIHNWL 214 

The general chapters on the state of North America, which 
are based on the accounts of travelers, contain scattered infor- 
mation about Illinois. There are also chapters on emigration 
and inland navigation and a list of works relating to America, 
including books of travel, 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1829 
[Redfield, William C] Sketch of the geographical 
rout [sic] of a great railway, by which it is proposed 
to connect the canals & navigable waters of New 
York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri 
and the Michigan, Northwest, and Missouri terri- 
tories . . . New York, Carvill, 1829. 16 p., map. 
E 215 

2d ed., enl., ibid., 1830. 48 p., map. INLD 
This is a prospectus of the projected Atlantic and Pacific 
railroad, which was to run across northern Illinois. 

1829 
Tanner, H[enry] S. Memoir on the recent surveys, 
observations, and internal improvements, in the 
United States, with brief notices of the new counties, 
towns, villages, canals, and rail roads never before 
delineated, intended to accompany his new map 



io8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

of the United States. Philadelphia, author, 1829. 
108 p. HL 216 

2d ed., ibid., 1830. 108 p. JL 

Two and a half pages are devoted to Illinois. See also his 
Brief description (no. 279). 

1829-63 

Sturtevant, Julian M. An autobiography; edited by 

J. M. Sturtevant, Jr. New York, etc., Revell [c. 

1896]. 349 p. UH 217 

This pioneer preacher and educator came to Illinois in 1829 
and located at Jacksonville. He was one of the founders of 
Illinois College which he served for many years as professor 
and president. The book tells of his trip to Illinois by steam- 
boat from Cincinnati to St. Louis and overland to Jacksonville, 
and of his life and travels to 1863. It was written in 1885-86. 

1830 
Coles, Edward. Communication to the Antiquarian 
and Historical Society of Illinois . . . Illinois month- 
ly magazine, i,ig-2g {October, 18^0). UMIHWL 218 

Governor Coles was a member of a committee appointed to 
report "on the capabiHties of the state for internal navigation." 
The "Communication," which is reprinted from the Illinois 
intelligencer, contains a topographical description of parts of 
the state and discusses existing and proposed means of trans- 
portation to and in Illinois — rivers, canals, railroads, and 
turnpikes. 

1830 
Conder, Josiah. [United States of America and Can- 
ada.] London, Duncan, 1830. viii, 372 p., map. 
{The modern traveller; a description, geographical, 
historical and topographical, of the various countries 
of the globe, xxiii.) UIC 219 

The descriptive matter on the West is brief and general. 
The work is compiled from various books of travel, geography, 
and statistics, a list of which is given. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 109 

1830 

Conkey, William. A journey from Massachusetts to 

Illinois in 1830. Illinois State Historical Soci- 

ETY, Transactions, igo6, pp. 2 1^-2 iS. umjCNWL 220 

An interesting account of the trip of an emigrant party from 
New England to Edgar County, Illinois. 

1830 

[Hall, James.] Geology of Illinois. Illinois monthly 
magazine, i, 43-46 (October, 1830). UMIHWL 221 

A few notes on the geology and mineralogy of the state and 
a plea for a scientific study of the subject. 

1830 
Hinton, John H. The history and topography of the 
United States . . . London & Philadelphia, Wardle, 
etc., 1830-32. 2 V. & atlas. L 222 

Also, London, Jennings, etc., 1830-32. 2 v., maps. H — 
Ibid., 18^4. 2 V. ID — 3d ed., London, Dowding, 1842. 2 v., 
maps. L — 4th ed., London, London Printing & Publishing 
Co. [1850?]. 2 V. F — New ed. by S. L. Knapp, Boston, 
Walker, 1834. 2 v., map. L — Ibid., 1835. S — 2d ed., 
continued by J. O. Choules, ibid., 1843-44. C — Ibid., 1846. 
2 V. NW — Ibid., 1851. S — 3d ed., ibid., 1852-53. 2 v. 
V—Ibid., 1855. S 

The second volume deals with physical geography, statistics, 
and topography and contains a section of about four pages on 
Illinois. The topographical part does not appear to have been 
revised for the different editions and there are later editions 
from which it is omitted. 

1830 
Schlieben, Wilhelm E. A. von. Atlas von Amerika, 
in 30 Charten und einem erlauternden Texte . . . 
Leipzig, Goschen, 1830. 54 p., 30 maps. L 223 

Contains a map of Illinois and a short topographical sketch 
of the state. 



no ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1830 

Stuart, James. Three years in North America. Edin- 
burgh, Cadell; London, Whittaker, 1833. 2 v., 
maps. NL 224 

2d ed., «'6^'(i., 1833. 2 v., maps. MH — 3d ed., rev., ^*6z<i. 2 v. 
C — From 2d London ed., New York, Harper, 1833. 2 v. IWL 

Three chapters relate almost wholly to Illinois. Stuart 
traveled on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers and through 
central and southern Illinois, visiting Edwardsville, Alton, 
Carrollton, Jacksonville, Springfield, Vandalia, and Albion. 
These places are described and the book contains considerable 
information about social conditions and agricultural advantages 
in different parts of the state. 

Edinburgh review, lvi, 460-481 (January, 1833); Westminster 
review, xviii, 317-353 (April, 1833); American quarterly review, 
XIII, 469-485 (June, 1833); Flower, English settlement, 321 (no. 
800). 

1830 

Valley of the Mississippi; historical and statistical 

view of the regions watered by the river Mississippi, 

and its branches. American Education Society, 

Quarterly register, iii,i 16-143 (November, 1830). UICNL 

225 

Deals with geography, history and educational and religious 
conditions. Contains a brief description of Illinois, notices of 
Rock Spring Seminary and Illinois College, statistics of religious 
denominations, and information about missionary activity in 
the West; also a variety of miscellaneous statistical matter of 
interest and a map and chart exhibiting the relative size of the 
Mississippi Valley. A note states that the article is based on 
the works of Darby and Flint, the American encyclopedia, and 
the American annual register (see nos. 205, 211). The descrip- 
tion of Illinois is reprinted in Illinois State Historical Society, 
Journal, iv, 354 (October, 19 11). 

1830-32 
Hildreth, Hosea. A view of the United States; for the 
use of schools and families . . . Boston, Carter & 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION iii 

Hendee; Baltimore, Carter, 1830. 162 p., map. 
L 226 

3d ed., Boston, Carter & Hendee, 1832. 160 p., map. L 
Devotes a two-page section to Illinois. 

1830-55 
Goodrich, S[amuel] G. A system of school geography, 

chiefly derived from Malte-Brun . . . Hartford, 
Huntington, etc., 1830. 320 p. L 227 

26. ed., ibid., 1832. 288 p. DE — 5th ed., ibid., 1833. N — 
nth ed., ibid., 1835. 288 p. F — 12th ed.. New York, Hunting- 
ton, 1837. 288 p. L — 27th ed., ibid., 1839. D — Also, ^ 
national geography for schools . . . New York, Huntington & 
Savage, 1845. 108 p. L — Ibid., 1846. 108 p. L — Impr. ed., 
ibid., 184S. 112 p. L — Ibid., 1850. 71 p. L — Also, A compre- 
hensive geography and history, ancient and modern. Ibid. [c. 
1850]. 272 p. L — Reissued as The world as it is, and as it 
has been; or, A comprehensive geography . . . New York, 
Colton, 1855. 272 p., map. WL 

The amount of space devoted to Illinois varies from one-half 
to two pages. Goodrich compiled also a number of very 
elementary geographies. 

1831 

[Hall, James.] Hints to emigrants. Illinois monthly 

magazine, ii, 49-55 (November, 1831). UHNWL 228 

A valuable article treating of the season best suited for emi- 
gration, routes to Illinois, and expenses by the different routes 
and conveyances. Contains also a list of stage routes in 
Illinois and tables of distances from place to place on routes 
between important places. 

1831 

[Hall, James.] The editor's message. Illinois monthly 

magasmg, II, 97-105 (December, 1 831). UHNWL 229 

Contains a survey of progress in Illinois during the preceding 
two years along lines such as agriculture, commerce, new towns, 
population, education, and religion. The same volume con- 
tains descriptions of Vandalia, Bluffdale, Quincy, Alton, Rush- 
ville, Havana, and Danville by anonymous writers (pp. 172, 207, 
212, 258, 260, 406, 456, 500). 



112 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1831 
Kinzie, [Juliette A.] Wau-bun; the "early day" in the 
North-west by Mrs. John H. Kinzie . . . New York, 
Derby & Jackson ; e/c, 1856. 498 p. MIHCNL 230 

Also, Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1873. 390 p. UIHCNL — 
New ed., by R. G. Thwaites, Chicago, Caxton Club, 1901. 
xxvii, 451 p., maps. IHNWL Also, ed. by Eleanor Kinzie Gor- 
don, Chicago & New York, Rand, etc., 1901. 393, [x] p. EHNL 

Mrs. Kinzie accompanied her husband on a trip from Fort 
Winnebago (Portage), Wisconsin, overland via Dixon's Ferry 
to Chicago. They remained in Chicago two months and then 
returned. Her narrative of the trip and descriptions of 
Chicago and the Indian country of northern Illinois are detailed 
and interesting. The book contains also a famous account of 
the Chicago massacre in 181 2, and sidelights on the Black 
Hawk War. 

183 1 

Tudor, Henry. Narrative of a tour in North America; 

comprising Mexico, the mines of Real del Monte, 

the United States, and the British colonies; with an 

excursion to the island of Cuba; in a series of letters 

written in the years 183 1-2. London, Duncan, 1834. 

2 V. HNWL 231 

Contains a few notes on a trip down the Ohio in 1831 and a 
review of Mrs. Trollope, Domestic manners oj the Americans 
(no. 204). Tudor 's impressions of the Americans are much 
more favorable than Mrs. Trollope 's. 

1831-32 

Stone, Alvan. Memoir of Alvan Stone, of Goshen, 

Mass., by David Wright. Boston, Gould, etc., 1837. 

256 p. IE 232 

Stone was a young Baptist who went to Illinois in 1831, 
partly as a result of the influence of Rev. John M. Peck, and 
died there in 1833. He taught school in several places and 
traveled somewhat in the southern part of the state and in the 
military tract. About half of the book consists of extracts 
from his letters and diary during these years. These contain 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 113 

descriptions of the country and notes on the Hfe and rehgious 
condition of the people. Some of these extracts are reprinted 
in IlHnois State Historical Society, Journal, ill, no. 4, pp. 
85-97 (January, 191 1). 

1831-33 

[Hall, James.] Notes on Illinois. Illinois monthly 
magazine, i, 55-70, 123-131, 254-260, 448-454, 542- 
548; II, 8-1 1, 212-213, 241-249, 488-499 (Novem- 
ber, 1830 — August, 1832); concluded in Western 
monthly magazine (Hall's), i, 193-200 (May, 1833). 
UHWL (incomplete MICN) 233 

The subheadings are: surface of the country; soil and pro- 
duction; timber; wild animals; constitution and laws; public 
officers; Quincy; laws; French settlements; and legislation. 
The sketch of Quincy is not headed "Notes on Illinois" but is 
listed under that head in the index. The first article is an 
excellent topographical description of the state, with extensive 
quotations from the review of Darby, View of the United States 
(no. 205) in the American quarterly review. 

1831-33 

[Suppiger, Joseph, and others.] Reisebericht der Familie 

Kopfii & Suppiger nach St. Louis am Mississippi und 

Griindung von New-Switzerland im Staate Illinois. 

Sursee [Schnyder], 1833. 297 p., map. NLFB 234 

Contains a diary of Suppiger telling of the trip by way of the 
Ohio and Mississippi rivers, letters by Salomon Kopfii, and an 
extensive account of the settlement by Dr. Kaspar Kopfii. 

1831-45 
A true picture of emigration; or. Fourteen years in the 
interior of North America ; being a full and impartial 
account of the various difficulties and ultimate 
success of an English family who emigrated from 
Barwick-in-Elmet, near Leeds, in the year 1831. 
London, Berger [1848]. 62 p. UIHWL 235 



114 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

This family came to Illinois by way of New Orleans and the 
Mississippi River. They landed at Phillip's Ferry on the 
Illinois River, where Valley City is now located, and secured a 
farm in Pike County. The account is given as by the mother 
of the family but appears from the preface to have been put 
into literary form by a son who remained in England and to 
whom she told her experiences during a visit to her native land. 
The greater part of the pamphlet is devoted to the trials and 
experiences of the first few years and it is an excellent picture 
of frontier life. There were a considerable number of English 
families among the early settlers of Pike County. See History 
of Pike County (Chicago, Chapman, 1880). 

1831-48 

Peck, J[ohn] M. A guide for emigrants; containing 

sketches of Illinois, Missouri, and the adjacent parts. 

Boston, Lincoln & Edmands, 1831. 336 p., map. 

MmWL 236 

Reissued, with add., as A new guide for emigrants to the 
West containing sketches of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, 
and Michigan, with the territories of Wisconsin, Arkansas, and 
the adjacent parts. Boston, Gould, etc., 1836. vii, 374 p. 
UIHCNL — 2d ed., ibid., 1837. 381 p. UW — New ed., Boston, 
1844. 394 p. S — Cincinnati, Anderson, 1848. 381 p. WL 

The title differs slightly in the later editions. Peck gathered 
much of his information at first hand and his books are of 
unusual value. 

Illinois monthly magazine, 11, 188-190, 403 (January, June, 
1832); Boggess, Illinois, 228. 

1831-1900 

Palmer, John M. Personal recollections of John M. 
Palmer; the story of an earnest life. Cincinnati, 
Clarke, 1901. xvii, 631 p. UICNWL 237 

Governor Palmer came to Illinois in 1831, when he was 
fourteen years old. He tells of pioneer conditions, of many 
trips in different parts of the state, and of his political and 
military activities and experiences. An interesting and valu- 
able book. 



TRA VEL A ND DESCRIPTION 1 1 5 

1832 
Bryant, William C. Prose writings. New York, Apple- 
ton, 1884. 2 V. CW 238 

Also, ibid., 1901. 2 v. U 

Contains a series of contemporary letters to Mrs. Bryant 
under the heading "Illinois fifty years ago." These tell of a 
trip down the Ohio, up the Mississippi and Illinois rivers, and 
across the prairies of central Illinois, with descriptions of 
Jacksonville and Springfield. See also his poem "The prairies " 
which was written in Illinois in June, 1832 ; published first in the 
Knickerbocker magazine, December, 1833; and afterwards in the 
various editions of his poems. 

1832 

Colton, Calvin. Manual for emigrants to America. 

London, Westley & Davis, 1832. 203 p. NL 239 

General descriptive matter on the United States and especial- 
ly the Upper Mississippi Valley with some information about 
Illinois. 

1832 
Cooke, P[hilip] St. G. Scenes and adventures in the 
army; or, Romance of military life. Philadelphia, 
Lindsay & Blakiston, 1857. 432 p. INWL 240 

Also, ibid., 1859. 432 p. N 

Tells of experiences in the Black Hawk War and describes 
parts of northern Illinois. 

1832 

Eggerling, H. W. E. Kurze Beschreibung der Vereinig- 

ten Staaten von Nord Amerika, nach ihren politi- 

schen, religiosen, biirgerlichen und gesellschaft lichen 

Verbindungen, nebst besonderer Beriicksichtigung 

und Hinweisung dort zu griindender Niederlassungen 

europaischen Einwanderer; besonders diesen letz- 

teren gewidmet. Wiesbaden, Ritter, 1832. 241 

2d ed., enl. & impr. as Beschreibung der Vereinigten Staaten 
, . . mit besonderer Beriicksichtigung deutscher Ansiedelungen 



ii6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

daselhst; den deutschen Auswanderern gewidmet. Mannheim, 
Loffler, 1833. 344 p. WL 
Contains a four-page account of Illinois. 

1832 
Hayward, John. A view of the United States: histori- 
cal, geographical, and statistical — November, 1832 
. . . New York, Day [c. 1832]. 20 leaves. UL 242 

2d ed., New York, Collins [1832]. 20 leaves. L — Reissued 
as The Columbian traveller, and statistical register; principally 
relating to the United States — November, 1833. [Boston] 
author [1833]. 40 p., map. L 

Includes a special account of Illinois with statistics from the 
census of 1830. 

1832 
Hoskins, Nathan. Notes upon the western country, 
contained within the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, 
and the territory of Michigan, taken on a tour 
through that country in the summer of 1832 . . . 
Greenfield [Massachusetts], Fogg, 1833. 108 p. L 

243 

This is not in the form of a narrative of the tour and the notes 
on Illinois are brief and scattered. 

1832 
Narrative of the capture and providential escape of 
Misses Frances and Almira Hall, two respectable 
young women (sisters) of the ages of 16 and 18 — 
who were taken prisoners by the savages, at a frontier 
settlement, near Indian Creek, in May last, when 
fifteen of the inhabitants fell victims to the bloody 
tomahawk and scalping knife ; among whom were the 
parents of the unfortunate females ; likewise is added 
the interesting narrative of the captivity and suffer- 
ings of Philip Brigdon, a Kentuckian, who fell into 
the hands of the merciless savages on their return to 




i 



COVER OF THE NARRATIVE OF THE CAPTURE AND 
,^ BRQVIPENTIAL ESCAPE OF MISSES FRANCES 
-^ AND ALMIRA HALL (no. 244) 



no ILUNOfS 

den tn, 



Hayward, "* ' Instori- 

cal :r, 1832 

-42 

2' issued 

7' r. (Boston] 

■xliiUcs from the 



He • ountr>^ 

av[k a^uTqAD aHT -^o aviTAMiiAM aHT HO aa^baiois, 
aaDHA^"? 8a83iM "50 aqAoaa jAiTMaaivo^q , , lour 

(«S .on) JJAH AHH/..IA (VAh - • - • • 



N escape of 

f^ec table 

and 18 — 

(rontier 

i iy 

tcni e the 

par led 

the iv 3r- 

: into 
■ %: ^. . ^ ■ to 



w-o^^iiQ^m^'^^c^^i^imi&o^ 



WAR AJND PESTILEJNe K 1 8 

CAPTLKE OF TWO YOUNW LAOltS UY '1 HE bAVAGES. 3 

»HE PRESENT TEAR (1832) WILL BE LONG REMtV ^ 

KiitSiED IK AMKRICA, AS A I EAR Of MBSW UVMAN M 




^1 W-bilp msnt f>f our mosf populrus oifips f»ave born vi!=- 
gj ...ited by that dcet-dful disffisf, the f kolff a, ?rd fn 
K -wMHi ThoMsands bavr fallpr vici iJis; the nierciloss 
^ Savagib Kavc.hieeTi as fatally engaged 'n 'hf* wrrk 
^ of death, on the frontiers: whrre ?reai rrt» be: s {in- 
f' cludifi^ woTnen and rbildrc^n) hove fallen victiins to the 
■^ bloody Tomahawk ! 



*te^g^^§^^«;gg^fiBgs:sei^^s;gei:g.§a5^cg^^{ 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 117 

their settlement, three days after the bloody massa- 
cre; communicated by persons of respectability liv- 
ing in the neighborhood of the captives, n.p., 1832. 
24 p. UINL 244 

Also, n.p., 1833. 24 p, W — Also, with add., n.p. [1833?]. 
26 p. N 

A curious pamphlet, issued, probably, to stir up animosity 
toward the Indians. It illustrates, to some extent, conditions 
in northern Illinois during the Black Hawk War. There is 
another account of this affair by the Hall sisters, whose real 
names were Rachel and Sylvia, in Elmer Baldwin, History of 
La Salle County, 89-106 (no. 896). 

1832 

[O'] Ferrall, S[imon] A. A ramble of six thousand miles 

through the United States of America. London, 

Wilson, 1832. xii, 360 p. MIHCNWL 245 

O 'Ferrall spent some time at New Harmony and then 
crossed Illinois to St. Louis, stopping at Albion, which induced 
comment on the EngUsh settlement. 

1832 

Pavie, Theodore. Souvenirs atlantiques; voyage aux 
£tats-Unis et au Canada. Angers, Pavie, pr., 1832. 
viii, 552 p. L 246 

One chapter of five pages is devoted to a sketchy account of 
Illinois. 

1832 

Sommer, Johann G. Neustes Gemalde von Amerika. 

Wien, Doll, 1831-32. 2 v. L 247 

Contains a seven-page accoimt of Illinois with notes on the 
different counties. 

1832 

Whittlesey, Charles. Recollections of a tour through 
Wisconsin in 1832. Wisconsin historical collections, 
I, 64-85 (1855). UMIHJCNWL 248 



ii8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

This tour extended to Galena and the article contains de- 
scriptions of the lead-mining country and information about 
the Indians of northern Illinois. 

1832-33 
[Bache, Lieutenant Robert.] View of the valley of the 
Mississippi; or, The emigrant's and traveller's guide 
to the West ; containing a general description of that 
entire country; and also notices of the soil, produc- 
tions, rivers, and other channels of intercourse and 
trade; and likewise of the cities and towns, progress 
of education, &c. of each state and territory. Phila- 
delphia, Tanner, 1832. xii, 341 p., maps. mCL 

249 

2d ed., rev., ibid., 1834 (introduction dated October, 1833). 
372 p., maps. UMHNWL 

An anonymous work frequently attributed to Robert Baird. 
The author acknowledges his indebtedness to other writers but 
also claims that much of his information was derived from per- 
sonal observation and refers to letters from his pen published 
in the New York observer and in the Sunday school journal of 
Philadelphia. Besides general descriptive and historical chap- 
ters and chapters on such subjects as schools, churches, steam- 
boats, and hints to emigrants, there is a chapter of twenty pages 
devoted specifically to Illinois. This is based largely on Peck, 
Guide for emigrants (no. 236). The book contains a small map 
of Illinois and Missouri. 

Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio, no. 1134. 

1832-33 
Latrobe, Charles J. The rambler in North America; 
MDCCCXxxii-MDCCCXxxiii. London, Seeley & Bum- 
side, 1835. 2 V. UMHN 250 

Also, New York, Harper, 1835. 2 v. IHWL — 2d ed., London, 
Seeley & Burnside, 1836. 2 v., map. HOWL 

Latrobe was an Englishman who went down the Ohio and 
up the Mississippi to St. Louis in 1832. The following year he 
visited Chicago at the time when an Indian treaty was being 
negotiated and then went across the state to St. Louis. From 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 119 

there he made a trip by land to Prairie du Chien via Peoria and 
Galena; then up the Mississippi to the Falls of St. Anthony and 
back down the river to New Orleans. His descriptions of the 
country traversed and the towns visited are interesting and 
valuable. 
Quarterly review, liv, 392-413 (September, 1835). 

1832-34 
Maximilian [Alexander P.], Prince of Wied-Neuwied. 

Reise in das Innere Nord-America in den Jahren 1 832 

bis 1834 • • • Coblenz, Hoelscher, 1839-41. 2v.& 

atlas. NL 251 

Atlas plates reissued in part with brief letter-press descrip- 
tions as Nord-Amerika iti Bildern; oder, Eine Auswahl von An- 
sichten der interessantesten Gegenden, hauptsdchlich am Missouri, 
Abbildungen der dort lehenden Volkerstamme, Hirer Hduptlinge, 
Spiele, Wajffen, &'c. n.p., n.d. S — French ed., Paris, Ber- 
trand, 1840-43. 3 v., map & atlas. INWL — English ed., Lon- 
don, Ackermann, 1843. x, 520 p., map & atlas (1844). NL — 
Reprinted with add. from the German ed., in Thwaites, Early 
western travels, xxii-xxv (Cleveland, Clark, 1906). UIJCNWL 

Maximihan spent the winter of 1832-33 at New Harmony and 
making excursions into the surrounding territory. In the 
spring he went down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to St. 
Louis and then westward up the Missouri. Returning in 1834 
to St. Louis, he crossed the Mississippi to visit the Indian 
mounds in Illinois and then continued eastward by the rivers. 
As a naturalist he was interested primarily in plants, animals, 
and archeological remains, but the work contains some infor- 
mation about the people and settlements as well. 

1832-42 
Davenport, Bishop. A new gazetteer; or, Geographical 
dictionary, of North America and the West Indies 
. . . compiled from the most recent and authentic 
sources. Baltimore, M'Dowell; Providence, Hutch- 
ins & Shepard, 1832. 471 p., maps. IL 252 

Also, Baltimore, M'Dowell, 1833. 471 p., 2 maps. UHNWL 
— Ibid., 1835. 471 p., maps. IL — New ed., rev., Philadel- 
phia, 1836. B — Also, as A history and new gazetteer . . . 
New York, 1842. B — Also, A pocket gazetteer; or, Traveller's 



I20 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

guide througn North America ana the West Indies. Baltimore, 
Plaskitt, e/c, 1833. 468 p., map. WL — Also, Trenton, New 
Jersy, 1833. 408 p. B — /6iJ., 1834. D 

Besides the usual notices of counties, towns and rivers, the 
New gazetteer contains a several page description of each state; 
statistical tables, partly from the census of 1830; and lists of 
steamboat and canal routes and principal roads. 

1832-49 
Steele, [Oliver G.] Steele's Western guide book, and 
emigrants' directory; containing different routes 
through the states of New- York, Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois and Michigan ; with short descriptions of the 
climate, soil, productions, prospects, &c. 3d ed., 
Buffalo, Steele, 1835. 89 p. E 253 

loth ed., enl., Buffalo, Steele & Peck, 1838. 108 p., map. 
H — nth ed., ibid., 1839. 108 p., map. L — i6th ed., impr., 
Buffalo, Steele, 1849. 7^ P-j 2 maps. HL 

The preface of the third edition states that the first edition 
was published in 1832 with the title: Emigrants^ guide. Con- 
tains routes of travel, general information about the West, and 
a special section, varying from four to seventeen pages in length 
in the different editions, on Illinois. 

1832-50 
Bell, James. A system of geography, popular and 
scientific; or, A physical, political, and statistical 
account of the world and its various divisions. Glas- 
gow, FuUerton, 1832. 6 v. S 254 

Also, ibid., 1834. 6 v. L — Ibid., 1836. 6 v. D — Lon- 
don, e/c, Fullerton, 1846-47. 6 V. L — Ibid., iS^o. 6 v. D 

Has a brief section on Illinois and one of the general chapters 
contains descriptions of the Mississippi, Ohio, IlHnois, and 
Wabash rivers. 

1832-50 

Davis, Geo[rge] T. M. Autobiography of the late Col. 

Geo. T. M. Davis, captain and aid-de-camp Scott's 

army of invasion (Mexico), from posthumous papers; 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 121 

published by his legal representatives. New York 

[Jenkins & McCowan, pr.], 1891. 395 p. UICL 255 

Davis moved from New York to Alton, Illinois, in 1832. He 
writes interestingly of his life there, of frontier conditions, of 
personal experiences and observations in connection with the 
murder of Lovejoy and the Mormon War, of recruiting for the 
Mexican War, of his experiences in the war itself, and of Illinois 
and local politics after his return. In 1850 he left Alton to 
accept a government clerkship in Washington. Later he lived 
in Louisville, Kentucky, and then in New York City. The book 
is an interesting and valuable source. 

1832-56 
Goodrich, S[amuel] G. A system of universal geog- 
raphy, popular and scientific, comprising a physical, 
political, and statistical account of the world and 
its various divisions . . . Cincinnati, Roffe & 
Young, 1832. 922 p. L 256 

Also, Philadelphia, Key, etc., 1832. 922 p. E — 2d ed., 
Boston, Carter, etc., 1833. xvi, 9-975 p. E — Reissued as 
A pictorial geography of the world, comprising a system of uni- 
versal geography . . . Boston, Otis, etc., 1840. 1008 p. HL 
— 4th ed., Boston, Strong, 1841. 2 v., paged continuously, 
1008 p. HW — 9th ed., ibid., 1841. 2 v., paged continuously, 
1008 p. L — New ed., ibid., 1856. 2 v. D — Also Supple- 
ment for 1841 and 1842. Ibid. 104 p. H 

Devotes three or four pages to the physical and political 
geography of Illinois. 

1832-61 

Conant, A[ugustus] H. A man in earnest; life of A. 
H. Conant by Robert CoUyer. Chicago, 1868. HW 

256a 

Also in his Works, in (Boston, Lee & Shepard) . S — Abridged 
as Augustus Conant, Illinois pioneer and preacher. Boston, 
American Unitarian Association, 1905. 94 p. {True American 
types [11].) EBNL 

Conant made his first trip through Illinois in 1836. Shortly 
after he located near Chicago and in 1841 became a Unitarian 
minister with headquarters at Geneva. In 1857 he moved to 



122 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Rockford. He traveled extensively in the northern part of the 
state visiting and preaching in many towns. The book contains 
hberal extracts from his journals and letters teUing of these 
trips and of life in Illinois. 

1833 

Bartlett, M[ontgomery] R. A statistical and chronologi- 
cal view of the United States of North America, and 
the several states and territories . . . New York, 
Sleight & Van Norden, pr., 1833. 45 p. L 257 

The sections relating to Illinois and Missouri are reprinted 
in Illinois State Historical Society, Journal, iv, 229-232 (July, 
1911). 

1833 
Darby, William, & T. Dwight, Jr. A new gazetteer 
of the United States of America ; containing a copious 
description of the states, territories, counties, parishes, 
districts, cities and towns — mountains, lakes, rivers 
and canals — commerce, manufactures, agriculture, 
and the arts generally . . . including other interest- 
ing and valuable geographical, historical, political, 
and statistical information, with the population of 
1830. Hartford, Hopkins, 1833. 630 p. CWL 258 

2d ed., rev., ibid., 1834. 608 p., map. UL — 2d ed. rev., 
ibid., 1835. 608 p. I 

The usual alphabetical gazetteer. The general article 
"Illinois" fills eight columns. 

1833 
Jacobs, Rev. Bela. A voice from the West ... re- 
port of his tour in the western states performed in the 
spring and summer of 1833; presented to the execu- 
tive committee of the Western Baptist Educational 
Association, Boston, Septembers, 1833 . . . Boston, 
Howe, pr., 1833. 27 p. L 259 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 123 

Jacobs traveled from Shawneetown via Kaskaskia to St. 
Louis, visited Alton and Edwardsville, and returned across 
the state to Vincennes. He notes especially educational and 
religious conditions. 

1833 

Lowig, Gustav. Die Freystaaten von Nordamerica ; 

Beobachtungen und practische Bemerkungen fiir 

auswandemde Deutsche. Heidelberg & Leipzig, 

Groos, 1833. X, 264 p. L 260 

Contains a chapter on Illinois; its climate, soil, products, 
and people. 

1833 
Reminiscences of Wisconsin in 1833. Wisconsin his- 

torical collections, X, 22,1-234.(1888). UIHJCNWL 261 

A reprint from the Madison democrat, of July i, 1871. 
Contains descriptive matter on Dixon, Rock Island, and 
other places in northern Illinois at the close of the Black Hawk 
War. 

1833 
[Rich, Obadiah.] A general view of the United States 
of America . . . London, Rich, 1833. vi, 278 p., 
map. UL 262 

2d ed., with author's name, London, Hodson, 1836. vi, 
278 p. S 

General sections on history, geography and statistics, educa- 
tion, and literature and a section of six pages devoted to Illinois. 
Sabin says it is "compiled from the Encyclopaedia Americana 
and American Almanacs." 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1833 
Shirrefif, Patrick. A tour through North America; 
together with a comprehensive view of the Canadas 
and the United States as adapted for agricultural 
emigration. Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd, 1835. iv, 
v, 473 p. UMIHNWL 263 



124 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Four chapters of the "Tour" are devoted to an account of 
travels in northern and central Illinois and from St. Louis to 
Cincinnati by the rivers. The "View" contains, besides 
general matter, three chapters descriptive of Illinois, with 
special attention to agricultural conditions. Shirreff seems to 
have been a careful observer and his book is of considerable 
value. 

1833 
Taylor, C. B. A universal history of the United States 

of America, embracing the whole period, from the 
earliest discoveries, down to the present time; giving 
a description of the western country, its soil, settle- 
ments, increase of population, &c. Buffalo, Strong, 

1833- 534» vi p. U 264 

Also, ibid., 1838. 606, vi p. H — German ed., ibid., 1839. 

612 p. L — German ed., Hartford, Strong, 1845. 612 p. W 
The chapter entitled "A review of the progress of the western 

states " contains a two and a half page topographical description 

of lUinois. 

1833-35 
Turner, Jonathan B. The life of Jonathan Baldwm 

Turner by his daughter Mary Turner Carriel. n.p., 

191 1, xii, 298 p. UIL 265 

Professor Turner came to Illinois in 1833 to teach in Illinois 
College at Jacksonville. Chapters iii and iv of the book are 
made up mainly of letters written to his fiancee; and in them 
he tells of his trip to Illinois, of Jacksonville and the college, 
of the cholera, of a trip with Professor Post (see no. 268) 
through the military tract to Chicago and back in 1833, and of 
a trip among the Indians of the upper Mississippi in 1835. 

1833-37 

Arends, Friedrich. Schilderung des Mississippithales; 

Oder, Des Westens der Vereinigten Staaten von 

Nordamerika; nebst Abriss meiner Reise dahin. 

Emden, Woortman, 1838. xvi, 631 p. UHW 266 

Also, Dutch ed., Groningen, Van Boekeren, 1839. iv, 355 p. 
WL 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 125 

The author emigrated to Missouri in 1833. The first part 
of the book is an account of his trip to New Orleans and up the 
Mississippi to St. Louis; the remainder is descriptive of the 
Mississippi Valley about 1837 with remarks on immigration 
and contains, besides general matter, a special section devoted 
to Illinois. The descriptive matter is based in part on the works 
of Darby, Hall, Flint, and Peck (nos. 205, 208, 211, 236, 278). 

1833-42 
Mitchell, Mary. Reminiscences of the early North- 
west. Wisconsin Historical Society, Proceed- 
ings, L, 173-189 (1902). umjCNWL 267 

The writer lived in Green Bay but visited Chicago in 1833, 
1839, 1 84 1, and 1842, and her descriptions of the town are of 
some value. The article is condensed from reminiscences 
originally published in the Menominee [Michigan] herald, 
October 16, 18, 20, 1899. 

1833-47 
Post, Truman M. Truman Marcellus Post; a biog- 
raphy personal and literary by T. A. Post. 
Boston & Chicago, Congregational Sunday-School & 
Pubhcation Society [c. 1891]. xv, 507 p. UCN 268 

Post came to Illinois in 1833, locating at Jacksonville, 
where he served on the faculty of Illinois College and in the 
piilpit of the local Congregational church until he was called 
to St. Louis in 1847. The book is made up largely of extracts 
from manuscript reminiscences, letters, and addresses and 
contains considerable descriptive matter. Various trips in 
different parts of the state are described including one with 
Professor Turner (see no. 265) through the military tract to 
Chicago and back in 1833, and one to Buriington, Iowa, 
through Nauvoo and Quincy, at the time when the Mormons 
were leaving. 

1833-57 

Balbi, Adriano. Abrege de geographic redige sur un 

nouveau plan d'apres les dernier traites de paix et 

les decouvertes les plus recentes . . . Paris, Re- 

nouard, 1833. cxi, 1392 p. 269 



126 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

3ded., ibid. Ixxii, 1365 p. — 3d ed., rev. & enl., ibid., 1850. 
Ixxii, 1372 p., map. L — English ed., abridged by T. G. Brad- 
ford, Boston, Ticknor; etc., 1835. 520 p. & atlas. L — German 
ed. by H. Berghaus, Pest, etc., Hartleben, 1857. 2 v. L — 
Greek ed., 1838-39. 4 v., maps. L 

Contains a brief description of Illinois. 

1833-86 

Koerner, Gustav. Memoirs of Gustav Koerner, 1809- 

1896; life-sketches written at the suggestion of his 

children; edited by Thomas J. McCormack. Cedar 

Rapids, Iowa, Torch Press, 1909. 2 v. UINWL 270 

Koerner emigrated to America in 1833, traveling from New- 
York to St. Louis and locating near Belleville in St. Clair 
County. He tells of his trip and of many others in various 
parts of Illinois, especially during the decade of the thirties. 
The book furnishes a valuable picture of conditions in the state 
and especially in the so-called Latin settlement during this 
early period. Later on it is more valuable for the light which it 
throws on state and national politics. See also, H. A. Ratterman, 
Gustav Korner, deutsch-amerikanischer Jurist, Staatsmann, Dip- 
lomat, und Geschichtschreiber ; ein Lebensbild, nach seiner un- 
veroffentlichen Autobio graphic, seinen Schriften und Brief en 
bearbeitet . . . Separatdruck aus dem ii. Band der gesammelten 
Werke (Cincinnati, author, 1902. 221-386 p.) 

1834 
Bromme, Tr[augott]. Reisen durch die Vereinigten 

Staaten und Ober- Canada. Baltimore, Scheld; 

Dresden, Walther, 1834-35. 3 v., map. WL 271 

Reissued as Wohlfeile Hand-Bibliothek fiir Auswanderer nach 
den Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Amerika und Freunde der 
Kunde fremder Welttheile. Leipzig & Baltimore, Scheld, 1838. 
6 v., 3 maps. S 

Bromme traveled from St. Louis through Cahokia, Belleville, 
Edwardsville, Alton, Peoria, Springfield, and Vandalia to 
Vincennes. His purpose appears to have been to gather and 
present information for immigrants, and four chapters are 
devoted to Illinois. These contain detailed descriptions and 
statistical matter about different towns and counties, a topo- 
graphical description of the state, and accoimts of its agricul- 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 127 

ture, history, and government. These chapters were reissued 
without Bromme's name as Illinois; eine geographisch-statis- 
tisch-topographische Skizze fur Einwanderer und Freunde 
der Lander- und Volkerkunde. Baltimore, Scheld; Dresden, 
Walther, 1835. 43 p., map. I — Also, in combination with his 
Missouri as Missouri und Illinois; Taschenbuch fiir Einwanderer 
, . . Baltimore, Scheld, 1835. 6, 41, 43 p., map. WL — 
Also as Illinois und Missouri . . . Ibid., 1838. S 

1834 
Conder, Josiah. A dictionary of geography, ancient 

and modern; comprising a succinct description of all 
countries of the globe . . . London, Tegg, e/c, 1834. 
724 p. NL 272 

A gazetteer with a very brief article on Illinois. 

1834 
Featherstonhaugh, G[eorge] W. Excursion through 

the slave states, from Washington on the Potomac 

to the frontier of Mexico; with sketches of popular 

manners and geological notices. London, Murray, 

1844. 2 v., map. UCWL 273 

Also, New York, Harper, 1844. 168 p. NWL 
The writer was an English geologist who spent a number 
of years in America. In this book he tells of a trip across 
Illinois from Vincennes to St. Louis by stage in October, 1834, 
and of a visit to the great Cahokia mound. 

1834 
[Hoffman, Charles F.] A winter in the West; by a 

New Yorker . . . New York, Harper, 1835. 2 v. 

MIHCNWL 274 

2d ed., ibid. 2 v. in i. H — Reprinted, with the author's 
name, as A winter in the far West. London, Bentley, 1835. 2 v. 
HWL — Reprinted in part as A winter in the West: letters descrip- 
tive of Chicago and vicinity . . . Chicago, Fergus, 1882, 64 p. 
{Fergus historical series, no. 20.) UHCNWL 

Hoffman spent most of the first three months of 1834 in 
northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin, visiting Chicago, 



128 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Galena, and Peoria. Then he went to St. Louis through 
Springfield, Jacksonville, and Alton; and later down the 
Mississippi and up the Ohio. His letters are detailed and 
valuable. 

Western monthly magazine (Hall's), iii, 310-315 (May, 1835); 
Sabin, Dictionary. 

1834 
Koch, L[ouis]. Amerikanische Reisen, von M. Beyer 

und L. Koch . . . Leipzig, Miiller, 1839-41. 4 v. 

WL 275 

Also, Lebensbilder und Reisen in Amerika, fUr Auswanderer 
und alle Interessenten der Zustdnde und Verhdltnisse in Nord- 
amerika herausgegeben von Mor. Beyer. New ed., ibid., 1850. 
2 V. B 

Koch tells of a trip down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to 
St. Louis. 

1834 
Parker, A[mos] A. Trip to the West and Texas; com- 
prising a journey of eight thousand miles, through 
New York, Michigan, Illinois, Missouri, Louisiana 
and Texas, in the auttimn and winter of 1834-5 • • • 
Concord, New Hampshire, White & Fisher, 1835. 
276 p. UHCW 276 

2d ed., Concord, White; Boston, Mussey, 1836. 380 p., map. 
INL 

Parker traveled all through northern and central Illinois 
and devotes six chapters (fifty pages) to an account of this 
part of his trip and a description of the state. A valuable work. 

1834-36 

Julius, Dr. N[ikolaus]. Nordamerikas sittUche Zu- 

stande; nach eigenen Anschauungen in den Jahren 

1834, 1835, und 1836 . . . Leipzig, Brockhaus, 

1839. 2 V. CWL 277 

Useful information about social conditions in the general 
chapters, a half-page description of Illinois, and many statistics. 
Sabin, Dictionary. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 129 

1834-37 
Peck, John M. A gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts: 
containing a general view of the state, a general view 
of each county, and a particular description of each 
town, settlement, stream, prairie, bottom, bluff, etc., 
alphabetically arranged. Jacksonville, Goudy, 1834. 

viii, 376 p. UIHJCNWL 278 

2d ed., rev., Philadelphia, Grigg & Elliot, 1837. xi, 328 p. 
UMIHJNWL 

Peck had exceptional opportunities for gathering information 
and his gazetteer is probably more accurate than is usual with 
works of this sort. 

North American review, li, 92-140 (July, 1840). 

1834-40 
Tanner, H[enry] S. A brief description of the canals 
and railroads of the United States: comprehending 
notices of all the most important works of internal 
improvement throughout the several states. Phila- 
delphia, author, 1834. 63 p., map. L 279 

Reissued in expanded form as A description of the canals and 
railroads . . . New York, Tanner & Distumell, 1840. 272 p., 
3 maps. UJCNWL 

The account of the canals and railroads of Illinois occupies 
four pages. See also his Memoir (no. 216). 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), ni, 163 (August, 1840). 

1834-41 
[Dwight, Theodore, Jr.] The northern traveller, and 
northern, tour . . . with an appendix, containing 
The western traveller, and emigrants' or strangers* 
guide to the valley of the Mississippi . . . 5th ed., 
rev.. New York, Goodrich & Wiley [c. 1834]. 432 p., 

maps. W 280 

6th ed., with the author's name, as The northern traveller 
. . . and southern and western routes. New York, Haven 
[1841]. iv, 250 p., 17 maps. NL 

The fifth was the first edition containing western routes. 



.13© ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1834-46 
Tanner, H[enry] S. The American traveller; or, Guide 
through the United States; containing brief notices 
of the several states, cities, principal towns, canals, 
and rail roads, &c., with tables of distances, by stage, 
canal and steam boat routes ; the whole alphabetical- 
ly arranged, with direct reference to the accompany- 
ing map of the roads, canals and railways of the 
United States. Philadelphia, author, 1834. I44 P-. 
map. UHL 281 

2d ed., ibid., 1836. 144 p., map. TL — 4th ed., ibid., 1839. 
144 p. L — 5th ed., ibid. 144 p., map. W — 8th ed., ibid., 
1842. 144 p. D — 9th ed., enl., New York, 1844. D — loth 
ed., New York, Map Establishment, 1846. x, 5-144 p., map.^ L 

Contains a brief description of Illinois and useful information 
about roads to and in the state. 

1834-52 
[Mitchell, Samuel A.] An accompaniment to Mitch- 
ell's Reference and distance map of the United 
States; containing an index of all the counties, 
districts, townships, towns . . . rivers . . . also, a 
general view of the United States, and the several 
states and territories with an account of the actual 
and prospective internal improvements throughout 
the Union . . . Philadelphia, Mitchell & Hinman, 
1834. 324 p. L 282 

Also, •iifi., 1835. 324 p. IHNL— /6ii., 1836. 344 P- S — 
/6i(Z., 1838. 344 p. S — Philadelphia, Barnes, 1839. 344 ?• 
L — Ibid., 1840. 344 p. L — Philadelphia, Mitchell, 1843. 
F — Ibid., 1845. 302, 89-208, iv p. L — Also, without the 
"index," as A general view of the United States; comprising, also, 
a description of each individual state and territory . . . Ibid., 
1846. 128 p. L — German ed., with add., as Die Vereinigten 
Staaten . . . bearbeitet von Gustav Remak. Philadelphia, 1849. 
B — Richmond, Virginia, Harold & Murray, 1852. 305 p. L 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 131 

Contains a topographical description of Illinois with notices 
of the principal towns. See his Accompaniment to , . . Map 
of the World (no. 332). 

1834-52 
Murray, Hugh. An encyclopedia of geography, com- 
prising a complete description of the earth, physical, 
statistical, civil, and political . . . London, Long- 
mans, 1834. xii, 1567 p., maps. S 283 

2d ed., rev. to date, ibid., 1840. xiv, 1567 p., maps. D — 
ibid., 1844. xiv, 1567, 16 p., maps. L — Rev., with add., by 
Thomas G. Bradford, Philadelphia, Carey, etc., 1837. 3 v., 
map. WL — Ibid., i87,g. 3 V. C — Ibid., 1840. S — Ibid., 1841. 
S — Rev. to 1842, Philadelphia, Lea & Blanchard, 1843. 3 v., 
maps. E — Ibid., 1846. S — Ibid., 1847. S — Ibid., 1852. 3 v., 
map. L 

The specific account of Illinois occupies four folio pages of 
fine print. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), viii, 392; ix, 106 (April, Jiily, 
1843)- 

1834-64 
Mitchell, [Samuel A.] The principal stage, steam- 
boat, and canal routes in the United States; with the 
population of each state and other statistical in- 
formation: being an accompaniment to Mitchell's 
Traveller's guide. Philadelphia, Mitchell & Hin- 
man, 1834. 96 p. L 284 

Reissued as Mitchell's Traveller's guide through the United 
States, containing the principal cities, towns, b°c., alphabetically 
arranged; together with the stage, steam-boat, canal, and railroad 
routes, with the distances, in miles from place to place . . . 
Philadelphia, Thomas, g/c. [c. 1836]. 78 p., map. L — Phila- 
delphia, Mitchell & Hinman, 1836. 78 p., map. L — Ibid., 

1837. 78 p., map. L — Philadelphia, Hinman & Button, 

1838. 78 p., map. L — Reissued as Mitchell's New traveller's 
guide . . . Philadelphia, Thomas, etc., 1849. 128 p., map. 
IH — Ibid., i8$o. 118 p., map. L — Ibid.,i8$2. 118 p., map. 

L — Philadelphia, Desilver, 1855. xxxii, 122 p., map. L — 
Ibid., iS^y. D — Ibid. [1864?]. xxxii, 123 p., map. U 
Maps bearing the title Mitchell's Traveller's guide were 



132 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

published in 1832 and 1833 but no issue of the text earlier 
than 1834 has been seen. It is useful for locating the steam- 
boat, stage, canal, and railroad routes to and in Illinois at 
different dates. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xxi, 365 (September, 1849). 

1835 
Bradford, T[homas] G. A comprehensive atlas, geo- 
graphical, historical, & commercial. Boston, Ameri- 
can Stationers Co. [1835]. 180 p., maps. L 285 

Also, Boston, Ticknor, etc. [1835]. S — Also An illustrated 
atlas, geographical, statistical, and historical, of the United States 
and the adjacent countries . . . Philadelphia, Grant [c. 1838]. 
170 p., 39 maps. L — Boston, Weeks, etc.; New York, Wiley 
& Putnam [c. 1838]. 170 p., 39 maps. OF — Ibid., i8^g. S — 
Also A universal illustrated atlas, exhibiting a geographical, 
statistical, and historical view of the world. Boston, Strong, 1842. 
218 p., 49 maps. L 

The map of Illinois is accompanied by an extensive account 
of the state occupying several foHo pages and dealing with 
boundaries, extent, rivers, products, railroads, political divi- 
sions, population, chief towns, government, education, and 
reUgious sects. This is practically the same in all the editions, 
and appears to be based largely on Peck, Gazetteer of Illinois 
(no. 278). 

1835 
Brunson, Alfred. A Methodist circuit rider's horse- 
back tour from Pennsylvania to Wisconsin, 1835. 
Wisconsiji historical collections, xv, 264-291 (1900). 
UIKJCNWL 286 

A large part of this journal consists of valuable and interest- 
ing descriptive matter on northern Illinois. Brunson attended 
the IlHnois conference at Springfield in October, 1835. 

1835 
[Gilman, Chandler R.] Life on the lakes; being tales 
and sketches collected during a trip to the pictured 
rocks of Lake Superior; by the author of "Legends 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 133 

of a log cabin." New York, Dearborn, 1836. 2 v. 
MHWL 287 

On the return trip the writer traveled from Chicago via 
Ottawa to Peoria by coach and on to Alton by steamboat. 
He gives interesting descriptions of Chicago and Alton and an 
entertaining narrative of the journey. The work has been 
ascribed to Margaret Fuller and to Charles Lanman. For 
evidence as to its authorship see Schoolcraft, Personal memoirs, 
523 (see no. 126). 

1835 
Hoby, J[aines]. The Baptists in America; a narrative 
of the deputation from the Baptist Union in England, 
to the United States and Canada by the Rev. F. A. 
Cox and the Rev. J. Hoby. London, Ward, 1836. 
X, 516 p. U 288 

2d ed., rev. & enl., ibid. 476 p. L — New York, Leavitt, 
etc., 1836. 476 p. WL 

Hoby traveled into Illinois as far as Albion and devotes 
several pages to an account of his experiences, of the English 
settlement, and of religious conditions in Illinois. 

1835 

Mitchell, [Samuel A.] Mitchell's Compendium of all 

the internal improvements of the United States; 

comprising general notices of all the most important 

canals and rail-roads . . . Philadelphia, Mitchell & 

Hinman, 1835. 84 p., map. HL 289 

Describes the route of the proposed IlHnois and Michigan 
canal and notes other projected improvements in Illinois. 

1835 

Murray, Charles A. Travels in North America during 

the years 1834, 1835, & 1836 . . . London, Bentley, 

1839. 2 V. UIN 290 

Also. New York, Harper, 1839. 2 v. ND — 2d ed., London, 
Bentley, 1841. 2 v. HW — 3d ed., rev., ibid., 1854. 2 v. 
HCNW 



134 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Murray went to St. Louis by way of the Ohio and Mississippi 
rivers in June, 1835, and later in the year went up the river to 
Galena. He writes of life at the lead mines. 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1835 
Tomlins, F[rederick] G. A complete system of 
geography, ancient and modern; comprising a full 
description of the world, physical, pohtical, and his- 
torical; founded on the works of Pinkerton, Guthrie, 
Goodrich, Adams, &c.; corrected by reference to 
Malte-Brun, Balbi, Hassel, and other continental 
and American authors; including the most recent 
discoveries, and the latest territorial arrangements. 
London, Mayhew, etc., 1835. xi, 1067 p., maps. 
( The national library of education, use, and entertain- 
ment.) L 291 
Stereotype ed., Halifax [England], Milner, 1842. xi, 1067 p., 
maps. L 

The brief description of lUinois is the same in the two editions. 

1835-36 

Beach, Richard H. A letter from Illinois written in 

1836. Illinois State Historical Society, Journal, 

III, no. 3, pp. 91-98 (October, 1910). UIHJCNWL 292 

Contains interesting and valuable information about agri- 
cultural methods and conditions and the prices of commodities 
in the Sangamon coimtry. 

1835-37 
Featherstonhaugh, G[eorge] W. A canoe voyage up 
the Minnay Sotor; with an account of the lead and 
copper deposits in Wisconsin; of the gold region in 
the Cherokee country ; and sketches of popular man- 
ners; &c., &c., &c. London, Bentley, 1847. 2 v., 2 
maps. UHCNWL 293 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 135 

Some account of the Galena rej^on and travels between 
Galena and St. Louis in 1835 and 1837. 

1835-41 
Clark, John. The Hfe of Rev. John Clark by Rev. 

B. M. Hall, with an introduction by Bishop Morris. 

New York, Carlton & Porter, 1856. 276 p. UH 294 

Clark was a Methodist missionary among the Indians at 
Green Bay from 1832 to 1836, when he was appointed presiding 
elder of the Chicago district. In 1841 he was transferred to 
Texas but was located in Chicago again from 1852 to his death 
in 1854. The book contains extracts from his letters and jour- 
nals telling of a trip around the end of Lake Michigan through 
Chicago in 1835, of Chicago in 1837, and of his trip to Texas 
in 1841 via Peoria, Springfield, Edwardsville and St. Louis. 

1835-46 

Chase, [Philander]. Bishop Chase's reminiscences; an 

autobiography; second edition, comprising a history 

of the principal events in the author's life to A. D. 

1847. Boston, Dow, 1848. 2 v. IC 295 

The first part was published originally in numbers. [Peoria, 
1841-42.] 480 p. U — Reissned with add. as The reminiscences 
of Bishop Chase, {now bishop of Illinois.) New York, Blake, 
1844. 2 V. H 

Chase came first to Illinois in 1835 \'ia Chicago and Peoria to 
Springfield and returned \da Danville. In 1836 he located at 
" The Robin's Nest " near Peoria. The work consists largely of 
extracts from letters and journals and tells of many trips in all 
parts of the state. The original numbers carry his career to 
1825 only; and the 1844 edition ends with the account of his 
first trip to Illinois in 1835. 

1835-48 

Field, A. D. Illinois and its mammoth city. Sketches 

of Chicago. National magazine, xii, 347-350, 407- 

411 (April, May, 1858). UHJCNWL 296 

Field came to Chicago in 1835. He gives reminiscences of 
the city, the canal and the surrounding country. 



136 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1835-52 
Mellen, Grenville. A book of the United States, 
exhibiting its geography, divisions, constitution, and 
government . . . and presenting a view of the re- 
pubhc generally and of the individual states ; together 
with a condensed history of the land ... a descrip- 
tion of the principal cities and towns ; with statistical 
tables, relating to the religion, commerce, manufac- 
tures, and various other topics. Hartford, 1835. S 

297 

Also, Hartford, Sumner, 1836. 804 p. IW — Ibid., 1837. 
804 p. S — Ibid., 18^8. 804 p. L — New York, Smith, 1839. 
824 p. E — Ibid., 1841. vi, 824 p. H — Hartford, Sumner, 
1842. 847 p. L — Hartford, 1845. S — Hartford, Goodman, 
1852. 852 p. UN 

A curiously arranged compilation. The appendix of the 
1852 edition contains "A condensed summary of the canals and 
railroads in the United States," which includes two railroads 
and one canal in Illinois. 

Sabin, Dictionary, nos. 6363, 47439. 

1836 
Bromme, Traugott. Taschenbuch fiir Reisende in den 
Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Amerika ; enthaltend 
ein vollstandiges Verzeichnisse aller Post-, Dampf- 
boot-, Kanal-, und Eisenbahn-Routen, nebst Angabe 
der Reiseexpensen, der seit Errichtung der Union 
unternoramenen Volkszahlungen ; Angabe aller Uni- 
versitaten, medicinischen und theologischen Lehr- 
anstalten; statistische Tafeln etc. — nebst einem 
alphabetischen Register der bedeutendsten Stadte, 
Ortschaften, Postamter, Forts, Fliisse, Bayen, Land- 
seen, Inseln, Vorgebirge, Kanale und Eisenbahnen, 
und einer ausfiihrlichen Karte der Vereinigten 
Staaten und 18 Nebenkartchen. Baltimore, Scheld, 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 137 

1836. viii, 200 p., map. {Beitrdge ziir Topographie 

und Statistik der Vereinigten Staaten von Nord- 

Amerika, i.) E 298 

This is probably a forerunner of his Hand- und Reise-buch 
(no. 357). 

1836 

Casey, [Zadok]. Report [of] the committee on the 
pubHc lands, to which was referred the memorial 
of the Illinois Central Rail-road Company . . . 
[Washington, 1836.] 7 p. (24 Congress, i ses- 
sion, House reports, no. 525, serial 294.) UICNWL 

298a 

Discusses the situation and advantages of the state of IlHnois 
and the character of the country along the route of the proposed 
railroad. 

1836 

[Flagg, Edmund T.] The far West ; or, A tour beyond 
the mountains, embracing outlines of western life 
and scenery; sketches of the prairies, rivers, an- 
cient mounds, early settlements of the French, 
etc., etc. New York, Harper, 1838. 2 v. UMIHCNWL 

299 

Reprinted in Thwaites, Early western travels, xxvi-xxvii 
(Cleveland, Clark, 1906). UIJCNWL 

An elaboration of letters published in the Louisville journal 
in 1836 under the title: "Sketches of a traveller." Flagg went 
from Louisville to St. Louis by the rivers, then up the Illinois to 
Peoria and back again to St. Louis. Later in the summer he 
traveled extensively on horseback in central and southern 
IlHnois and in Missouri visiting Edwardsville, Alton, Belleville, 
Jacksonville, Springfield, Mount Vernon, Chester and many 
smaller places; and returning to St. Louis through the French 
villages of the American bottom. His descriptions of rivers, 
towns, prairies, and people are interesting and valuable. 

Thomson, Bibliography oj Ohio. 



138 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1836 
Hall, James. Statistics of the West at the close of the 
year 1836. Cincinnati, James, 1836. 284 p. CNWL 

300 

Also, ihid., 1837. xx, 13-284 p. UIHNL — Reissued with add. 
as Notes on the western states; containing descriptive sketches of 
their soil, climate, resources and scenery. Philadelphia,, Hall, 
1838. xxiii, 13-304 p. UMIHCNWL — Reissued in part as The 
West; its soil, surface and productions. Cincinnati, Derby, 
etc., 1848. 260 p. HCNWL — Cincinnati, Robinson & Jones, 
1848. 260 p. S 

Descriptive matter on the western states, their rivers, prairies, 
wild animals, and agricultural products. Also chapters, with 
statistical tables, on the public domain, western steamboats, 
and trade and commerce. Mann Butler, the historian of 
Kentucky, attacked this work in a pamphlet entitled: An appeal 
from the misrepresentations of James Hall . . . (Frankfort, 
Kentucky, Hodges, 1837. 32 p.) 

North American review, xlv, 234-239 (Jtily, 1837); xlvii, 
499-501 (October, 1838); Lamed, Literature of American 
history, no. 2861. 

1836 

Logan, James. Notes of a journey through Canada, 

the United States of America, and the West Indies. 

^ Edinburgh, Fraser, 1838. xii, 259P., map. NWL 301 

Contains an interesting narrative of a trip from Chicago to 
Peru by stage and from Peru down the Illinois and Mississippi 
by steamboats. The writer stopped at Peoria and St. Louis 
and he describes towns and country along the way. 

Athenaeum, January 27, 1838, p. 67; Sabin, Dictionary. 

1836 
Martineau, Harriet. Society in America. London, 
Saunders & Otley, 1837. 3 v. UMHL 302 

2d ed., ibid. 3 v. ICW — New York, Saunders & Otley, 
1837. 2 V. ND — 4th ed., ibid. D — French ed., De la societe 
americaine ... Bruxelles, 1838. 3 v. S — French ed., 
Voyage aux Etats-Unis . . . Paris, 1839. 2 v, S 

The section headed "Economy" contains an account of a 
visit to Chicago and a trip into the prairies as far as Joliet. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 139 

This is reprinted with the title "Chicago in 1836; 'Strange eariy 
days,' " in Fergus historical series, no. 9, pp. 33-48 (Chicago, 
Fergus, 1876). 

American quarterly review, xxii, 21-53 (September, 1837); 
[J. Boyle] A review of Miss Martineau's work (Boston, Marsh, 
etc., 1837. 54 p.); Tuckerman, America, 224. 

1836 
Rupp, I[srael] Daniel. The geographical catechism of 
Pennsylvania, and the western states; designed as a 
guide and pocket companion, for travellers and 
emigrants, to Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, 
Michigan and Missouri; containing a geographical 
and historical account of these several states, from 
their first settlement up to the present time. Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, Winebrenner, 1836. iv, 384 p. 
MIL 303 

Also, Philadelphia, 1837. iv, 384 p. HW 

Nearly fifty pages are devoted to lUinois, dealing with its 
situation, rivers, surface and soil, minerals, natural products, 
climate, government, projected internal improvements, educa- 
tion, manufactures, religion, and history. In addition there 
is a table of counties with date of formation, area, and popula- 
tion in 1825, and there are also brief notes on each county and 
longer ones on the towns of Vandalia, Alton, Chicago, Galena, 
and Springfield. This section appears to be based largely upon 
Peck, Gazetteer of Illinois (no. 278). 

1836 

Travellers guide & emigrants directory through the 

states of Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan. 

[c. New York, Phelps & Squire, 1836.] folded sheet. 

I 303a 

The section on Illinois deals with history, geography, face of 
the country, productions, and manufactures; and gives the 
population by counties for 1830 and 1835. The copy seen is 
accompanied by a "Map of Illinois . . . published by B. S. 
Squire, Jr., New York, 1836." 



I40 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1836 
Wood, Rev. S. Letters from the United States, n.p., 
n.d. 27 p. A 304 

Reprinted from the Christian reformer, February, 1838. 
Wood tells in detail of a trip down the Ohio and up the Missis- 
sippi to St. Louis; across Illinois via Alton, CarroUton, Jackson- 
ville, Springfield, and Shelby ville to Terre Haute; and on to 
Buffalo. His accounts of his experiences and descriptions of the 
people he came in contact with are very interesting. 

1836 

Wrede, Fr[iedrich] W. von. Lebensbilder aus den 

Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika und Texas 

. . . Cassel, author, 1844. iv, v, 324 p. L 305 

The writer was in St. Louis in 1836 and he gives a brief 
description of IlUnois. 

1836 
Y[oung], R[ichard] M. Military bounty lands. West- 
ern monthly magazine (Hall's), v, 334-345 (June, 

1836). UHCWL 306 

A good description of the military tract, reprinted from the 
Illinois bounty land register. Young was the editor of this 
paper which was published at Quincy, Illinois. 

1836-37 
Lenz, T. W. Reise nach Saint Louis am Mississippi; 
nebst meinen wahrend eines vierzehnmonatlichen 
Aufenthaltes i.d. J. 1836 und 1837, theils im Missouri- 
staate, theils in Illinois gemachten Beobachtungen 
und Erfahrungen. Weimar, Voigt, 1838. xii, 251 p. 
LF 307 

Tells of a trip to St. Louis by the rivers and of visits to 
neighboring parts of IlHnois. 

1836-42 
Stewart, Catherine. New homes in the West. Nash- 
ville, Cameron & Fall, 1843. 198 p. H 308 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 141 

Tells of trips from Chicago to Galena and down the river 
in 1836 and of various expeditions in northern Illinois in 
the succeeding years. Good descriptions of country and 
settlements. 

1837 

Bosche, Eduard T. Allgemeine Beschreibung der 

Erde und ihrer Bewohner . . . Philadelphia, Leine- 

weber & Rex, 1840. iv, 793 p., map. L 309 

Contains a seven-page description of Illinois, dealing with its 
situation, products, and population. 

1837 

Clark, John A. Gleanings by the way. Philadelphia, 

Simon, etc., 1842. 352 p. IHL 310 

Contains extracts from a journal kept during a tour doum the 
Ohio, up the Mississippi to the lead mines, and across northern 
Illinois to Chicago in a lumber wagon. 

1837 
Gerstacker, Friedrich. Streif- und Jagdzuge durch 

die Vereinigten Staaten Nordamerikas ; mit einer 

Vorworter von T. Bromme. Dresden & Leipzig, 

Arnold, 1844. 2 v. B 311 

2d ed., enl., & impr., Leipzig, Arnold, 1856. 2 v. in i. 
L — 3d ed., in his Gesammelte schriften, xviii (Jena, Costenoble 
[1875]). CL — English ed.. Wild sports in the far West . . . 
London & New York, Routledge, 1854. xi, 386 p. L — Ibid., 
1855. vi, 314 p. U — London, 1856. B — Boston, Crosby, 
etc., 1859. xi, 396 p. ND — Ibid., 1861. N — London, 1862. 
S — Boston, 1866. S — Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1878, xi, 
396 p. W — Ibid., 1SS4. xi, 396p. I — New York, n.d. C 

Several pages devoted to an account of a trip across Illinois 
from Vincennes to St. Loms. 

1837 
Lyford, "W[illiam] G. The western address directory, 
containing the cards of merchants, manufacturers, 
and other business men in Pittsburg (Pa.), Wheeling 



142 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

(Va.), Zanesville (0.), Portsmouth (O), Dayton (O.), 
Cincinnati (O.), Madison (Ind.), Louisville (K.), St. 
Louis (Mo.); together with historical, topographi- 
cal, & statistical sketches, (for the year 1837,) of 
those cities and towns in the Mississippi Valley; in- 
tended as a guide to travellers; to which is added, 
alphabetically arranged, a list of the steam-boats on 
the western waters. Baltimore, Robinson, pr., 1837. 
468 p. IHCW 312 

In the form of letters written during a trip to the West to 
gather data for the book. One of these contains notes on the 
IlHnois towns along the Ohio and Mississippi below St. Louis 
and information about roads in the state. 

1837 
[Mitchell, Samuel A.?] Ilhnois in 1837; a sketch de- 
scriptive of the situation, boundaries, face of the 
country, prominent districts, prairies, rivers, minerals, 
animals, agricultural productions, public lands, plans 
of internal improvement, manufactures, &c. of the 
state of Illinois; also, suggestions to emigrants, 
sketches of the counties, cities, and principal towns 
in the state ; together with a letter on the cultivation 
of the prairies, by the Hon. H. L. Ellsworth, to which 
are annexed the Letters from a rambler in the West. 
Philadelphia, Mitchell, 1837. 143 p. UMIHNWL 313 

Abridged as Sketches of Illinois, descriptive of its principal 
geographical features . . . Ibid., 1838. 32 p., map. HN — 
Reprinted as The Far West; a sketch of Illinois and the other states 
in the valley of the Mississippi, with suggestions to emigrants 
and Letters from a rambler in the West; reprinted with corrections 
and additions from the A merican edition published at Philadel- 
phia. Bolton-le-Moors [England], Dickenson, 1842. L 

Some copies of the 1837 edition have the cover-title: Illinois 
in 18 jy b° 8; with a map; containing also the Emigrants^ guide to 
the West. Philadelphia, Grigg & Elliot, 1838. The copy of 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 143 

The Far West in the Library of Congress is incomplete, contain- 
ing only forty-six pages. The work is a detailed compilation 
based largely on Peck, Gazetteer of Illinois (no. 278) without 
acknowledgment. Sabin says the pubHsher is probably the 
author and that "it was gotten up mainly to promote the sale' 
of Illinois lands then owned by John Grigg, of Philadelphia." 
The six "Letters from a rambler" are said to be "from the 
pen of a talented young Philadelphian," who was corresponding 
for the Pennsylvania inquirer and daily courier in which paper 
they were first pubHshed. They were written during the first 
three months of 1837 and contain valuable descriptions of 
Chicago, VandaHa, Peoria, Peru, Springfield, Jacksonville, and 
Alton ; also accounts of a prairie fire and of a snow storm on the 
prairie, and a statement of the advantages of the West. 

1837 
Parkinson, Mary W. Travels in western America in 

1837. Journal of American history, ill, no. 4, pp. 511- 

516 (1909). IHCNWL 314 

A journal letter telling of a trip by wagon across Illinois 
through Paris, Springfield, and Beardstown. 

1837 

Perkins, Samuel. The world as it is; containing a 

view of the present condition of its principal nations 

... 2d ed., [New Haven] Belknap, 1837. 457 P-» 

map. L 315 

Contains a brief general description of Illinois. No record 
of a first edition has been found. 

1837 
[Rynning, Ole.] Sandfaerdig beretning om Amerika, 
til oplysning og nytte for bonde og menigmand; 
forsattet af en Norsk, som kom derover i Juni 
maaned 1837. Christiania [Guldberg & Dzwonkow- 
ski, pr.,'], 1839. 39 p. U 316 

Reprint ed. by R. B. Anderson, Madison, Wisconsin, Wis- 
consin Nordmandens, 1896. 56 p. 



144 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Rynning located in Iroquois County, Illinois. He writes of 
the suitability of various parts of the state for Norwegian 
emigrants and gives advice as to the journey, etc. The book 
is said to have had an extensive influence in encouraging 
emigration. See G. T. Flom, History of Norwegian immigration, 
85, 102-107 (Iowa City, Iowa, 1909); and O. N. Nelson, 
History of the Scandinavians in the United States, 1, 266 (Minne- 
apolis, 1893). 

1837 

[Smith, William R.] Observations on the Wisconsin 

Territory ; chiefly on that part called the * 'Wisconsin 

land district". . . Philadelphia, Carey & Hart, 1838. 

viii, 134 p., map. UIHNWL 317 

The writer crossed over into IlUnois and visited Galena which 
he describes in about four pages. 

1837 
Wette, L[udwig] de. Reise in den Vereinigten Staaten 

und Canada im Jahr 1837. Leipzig, Weidmann, 

1838. xiv, 364 p. L 318 

Dutch ed., Zalt-Bommel, Noman, 1839. 2 v. L 
Tells of a trip up the Mississippi River, to St. Louis and 
across Illinois to Vincennes. 

1837-42 

Bromme, Traugott. Gemalde von Nord-Amerika in 

alien Beziehungen von der Entdeckung an bis auf 

die neueste Zeit . . . eine pittoreske Geographic fiir 

alle, welche unterhaltende Belehrung suchen; und 

ein umfassendes Reise-handbuch fiir jene, welche in 

diesem Lande wandern woUen. Stuttgart, Scheible, 

1838-42. 16 parts. 319 

Also, as Des Universums neue Welt; Nord-Amerika in 
alien Beziehungen geschildert. 2d ed., ibid. 16 parts. S — 
Also, in part as Nordamerika's Bewohner, Schonheiten, und 
Naturschdtze im allgemeinen und die brittischen Besitzungen 
insbesondere . . . Ibid., 1839. 796 p. L — Reissued as 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 145 

Gemdldevon Nord-Amerika . . . /Wi., 1839-42. 2 v. C — Ibid., 
1842. 2 V. L 

The first volume of the Gemdlde and the Nordamerika's 
Bewohner are the same. This volume gives a general account 
of the physical conditions and inhabitants of the continent. 
The second volume of the Gemdlde has a twenty-page topo- 
graphical description of Illinois. 

1837-48 

[Davison, Gideon M.] The traveller's guide, through 

the middle and northern states, and the provinces of 

Canada. 7th ed., Saratoga Springs, 1837. 465 p. 

UI 320 

8th ed., Saratoga Springs, Davison; New York, Wood, 1840. 
395 p., map. HWL — /6i<f., 1848. S 

First published in 1825 as The fashionable tour. The title 
was changed to The traveller's guide in the fifth edition, 1833, 
and beginning with the seventh edition, it contains routes to 
Illinois and a description of Chicago. 

1838 
Castelnau, Francis comte de. Vues et souvenirs de 
TAmerique du Nord. Paris, Bertrand, 1842. vii, 
165 p. NL 321 

Republished in part as "Voyage dans I'Am^rique septen- 
trionale et particulierment dans les territoires de la Floride, 
du Ouisconsin et au Canada . . . 183 7-1 841," in William 
Smith, Collection choise des voyages . • . , xii, 240-283 (Paris, 
Bureau de la PubUcation [1841?]). WL 

Notes on Chicago and northern Illinois. 

1838 
Chapin, William. A complete reference gazetteer of 
the United States . . . containing a general view 
... of each state . . . and a notice of the various 
canals, railroads, and internal improvements . . . 
together with all the post offices . . . New York, 
Chapin & Taylor, 1839. 347 p. HJL 322 



146 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Also, New York, Phelps & Ensign, 1840. 347 p. L — Ihid., 
1841. 367 p. UI — New York, Ensign, 1843. 371 p. L — 
Ihid., 1844. 371 p. W 

The edition of 1841 differs from the previous editions only in 
containing an appendix of additional entries and tables of 
statistics including some from the census of 1840. The work 
was copyrighted in 1838. The "general view" of Illinois fills 
two columns and contains a sketch of the internal improvement 
scheme. 

1838 

Daubeny, Charles [G. B.] Journal of a tour through 

the United States and in Canada, made during the 

years 1837-38 . . . Oxford, Combe, pr., 1843. vi, 

231 p., map. HWL 323 

Printed in a limited edition for private circulation only. 
The writer traveled up the east side of the Mississippi River 
through Cahokia to St. Louis. Later he visited Alton and then 
went down the Mississippi and up the Ohio. 

1838 

Ellsworth, Henry W. Valley of the upper Wabash, 
Indiana, with hints on its agricultural advantages; 
plan of dwelling, estimates of cultivation, and notices 
of labor-saving machines. New York, Pratt, etc., 
1838. xii, 175 p., map. UIHCNWL 324 

Occasional notes about Danville and the contiguous part of 
Illinois and considerable information on transportation routes 
in Illinois. The map is Mitchell, United States, showing the 
roads. 

1838 

Henshaw, David. Letters on internal improvements 
and commerce of the West. Boston, Button & 
Wentworth, pr., 1839. 29 p. L 325 

The last letter, written from Peoria, December 26, 1838, 
describes the projected internal improvement system of 
Illinois. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 147 

1838 

Jones, A[bner] D. Illinois and the West, with a 
township map, containing the latest surveys and 
improvements. Boston, Weeks, etc., 1838. 256 p., 
map. MIHCNWL 326 

Jones was a New Englander on a prospecting tour in Illinois. 
He tells of his trip from St. Louis through Alton and Peoria to 
Tremont in Tazewell County, were he stopped some time; of a 
side trip to the Rock River country; and of the return to the 
East via Peru, JoHet, and Chicago. The book contains, also, 
chapters on education and agriculture in Illinois, advice to 
emigrants, and Ellsworth's letter on the cultivation of the 
prairies, which had previously been printed in Illinois in 18 jy 
(no. 313). 

1838 

Kingman, John. Letters written while on a tour to 

Illinois and Wisconsin in the simimer of 1838. Hing- 

ham, Farmer, pr., 1842. 48 p. S 327 

The only copy of this very rare book which has been located 
belongs to Dr. Otto L. Schmidt of Chicago. Kingman describes 
Chicago, and tells of a trip to Warrenville in what is now Du 
Page County. 

1838? 

Levinge, Captain R[ichard] G. A. Echoes from the 

backwoods; or, Sketches of transatlantic life. 

London, Colburn, 1846. 2 v. UWNHL 328 

Also, London, Darling, 1849. 2 v. in i. I — New ed., London, 
1859. B — London, Routledge, i860. S 

One chapter of the second volume is devoted to the "prairies 
of Illinois" with remarks on Chicago. 

1838 

Marryat, Captain [Frederick]. A diary in America 

with remarks on its institutions [first series]. London, 

Longmans, etc., 1839. 3 v. UICL 329 

Also, Paris, Baudry, 1839. 2 v. in i. H — New York, 
Colyer, 1839. 263 p. E — New York, Harper, 1839. 247 p. 



148 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

E — Philadelphia, Carey & Hart, 1839. 2 v. NWL— New 
York, Appleton, 1839. 263 p. W — Also in Waldie, Select 
circulating library, xiv, 194-225 (Philadelphia, 1839). L 

Captain Marryat visited the lead-mining region of Illinois 
and then went down the Mississippi and up the Ohio. He 
comments on Alton and the Lovejoy affair. This part of the 
diary is in the second volume of the original London edition. 
The third volume is devoted to a treatment of American 
manners and institutions as is all of a "second series" with a 
similar title (London, Longmans, 1839. 3 v. UWL — Ibid., 
1840. S — Philadelphia, Collins, 1840. 300 p. UNL). For a 
parody on this work see Lieary on America! with yarns on its 
institutions by Captain Marry-it, C. B. {Common Bloat) (Bos- 
ton, 1840. 36 p.) 

Edinburgh review, Lxx, 123-149 (October, 1839). 

1838 
Shepard, Charles U. Geology of upper Illinois. 
American journal of science (Silliman's), xxxiv, 
134-161 (July, 1838). UJCNWL (excerpt, l) 330 

Reprinted [New Haven, 1838]. 31 p. IH 

Treats of the country along the lake shore near Chicago and 
along the route of the Illinois and Michigan canal, with 
reference to the location of minerals and springs, and to the 
fertility of the soil. 

1838-39 
Dearborn, H[enry] A. S. Letters on the internal im- 
provements and commerce of the West. Boston, 
Lewis, 1839. 75 p. HCNWL 331 

Also, Boston, Button & Wentworth, pr., 1839. ^9 P- ^ 
Deals briefly with improvements, projected improvements, 
commerce and transportation in Illinois. 

1838-47 
[Mitchell, Samuel A.] An accompaniment to Mitch- 
ell's Map of the world . . . containing an index 
to the various countries, cities, towns, islands . . . 
also, a general description of the five great divisions 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 149 

of the globe . . . with their several empires, king- 
doms, states, territories, &c. Philadelphia, Hinman 
& Button, 1838. 572 p. CWL 332 

Also, Philadelphia, Barnes, 1839. 572 p. S — Philadelphia, 
1840. B — Philadelphia, 1841. — Philadelphia, Mitchell, 1846. 
572 p. S — Ibid., 1847. 578, iv p. H — Also, without the 
"index," as A general view of the world, comprising a physical, 
political and statistical, account of its grand divisions . . . 
[Philadelphia] Jewett, 1842. 612 p. L — [Philadelphia] 
Thomas, etc., 1846. 828 p. H — German ed., with add., as 
Allgemeine Uebersicht der Welt . . . bearbeitet von Gustav 
Remak. Philadelphia, Bill, 1846. 904 p. L 

The three-page account of Illinois treats of its surface, 
productions, education, internal improvements, and population; 
with notices of Chicago, Vandalia, Alton, and Peoria. See his 
Accompaniment to . . . Map of the United States (no. 282). 

1838-55 
Milburn, William H. Ten years of preacher-life; 
chapters from an autobiography. New York, Der- 
by & Jackson, 1859. x, 363 p. umCNW 333 

Milburn went to Jacksonville, Illinois, with his parents in 
1838. In 1843 he became an itinerant Methodist preacher. 
The book tells of travels in various parts of the state and 
throws light on social and religious conditions. 

1839 

Bailey, Robert S. The church in the wilderness; 

nari'ative of a visit to the Right Rev. Philander 

Chase, bishop of Illinois . . . Charleston, Miller, 

pr., 1839. 8 p. D 334 

Chase was at this time engaged in building Jubilee College, 
located about eighteen miles from Peoria. Bailey tells of his 
trip out from Peoria over the prairie. 

1839 
Gerstner, Clara von. Beschreibung einer Reise durch 

die Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-America in den 



I 



ISO ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Jahren 1838 bis 1840, in Gesellschaft des Ritters 
Franz Anton von Gerstner . . . Leipzig, Hinrichs, 
1842. xii, 456 p. L 335 

Tells of a trip up the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. 

1839 
Gerstner, Franz A. von. Die innern Communicationen 

der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika . . , 

nach dessen Tode aufgesetzt, redigirt und heraus- 

gegeben von L. Klein . . . Wien, Forster, 1842-43. 

2 V. L 336 

Contains an extensive account of the proposed canals and 
railroads of Illinois. 

1839 
Hohne, Friedrich. Wahn und Ueberzeugung ; Reise 

des Kupferschmiede-Meisters Friedrich Hohne in 

Weimar iiber Bremen nach Nord-Amerika und 

Texas in den Jahren 1839, 1840, und 1841 . . . 

Weimar, Hoffman, 1844. 435 p. F 337 

Tells of a trip down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers with 
mention of the Illinois towns on the Ohio. 

1839 
Illinois, as she is — as she must be — the geology and 

the geoponicks of the state. Family magazine, vi, 

256-257 (1839). HWL 338 

Sketch by a writer who claims to have "travelled about five 
hundred miles in the state." The reference is to the New York 
edition of the periodical ; for the Cincinnati edition it should be 
IV, 126-127 (1839). WL 

1839 
Nicollet, [Joseph] N. Report intended to illustrate a 

map of the hydrographical basin of the Upper 

Mississippi River . . . February 16, 1841. Wash- 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 151 

ington, Blair & Rives, pr., 1843. 170 p., map. 
(26 Congress, 2 session, Senate documents, no. 237, 
serial 380.) HJCWL 339 

Reprinted, ibid., 1845. 170 p., map. (28 Congress, 2 ses- 
sion, House doctc7nents no. 52, serial 464.) IJCWL 

The first part dealing with the physical geography of the 
region embraced within the map, contains some notes on 
northwestern Illinois. The report contains also a sketch of the 
early history of St. Louis. The author's name appears as I. N. 
Nicollet on the title-page. 

1839 
Owen, David Dale. Report of a geological exploration 
of part of Iowa, Wiskonsin, and Illinois, made under 
instructions from the secretary of the treasury of the 
United States in the autumn of the year 1839 . . . 
26 Congress, i session. House executive documents, 
no. 239, pp. 9-1 61 (serial 368. [Washington, 1840]). 
UMHJCNWL 340 

Rev. ed. [Washington, 1844]. 191 p., maps. (28 Congress, 
I session, Senate documents, no. 407, serial 437.) UIHCNWL — 
Also [Washington, 1845]. (28 Congress, 2 session, House 
documents, no. [168?], serial 497.) JCNWL 

The first edition is printed ^\'ith a message from the president, 
the whole document being given the title : Mineral lands in the 
United States. It does not contain the maps and illustrations 
which are to be found in the later editions and which are of 
considerable interest. The part of Illinois included is the 
Galena mining area. Besides much geological and minera- 
logical information of a general nature, the report contains brief 
descriptions of each township. 

De Bow's Review, January, 1848. 

1839 
Peck, John M. The traveller's directory for Illinois; 

containing . . . accurate sketches of the state, a 

particular description of each county, and important 

business towns, a list of the principal roads, stage and 



152 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

steamboat routes, land offices, tracts of land un- 
occupied — a description of the timbered and prairie 
portions of the state; the rivers, minerals, animals, 
internal improvements, climate, and seasons — with 
much other original and valuable information for the 
traveller, the emigrant, the man of business and the 
citizen; the whole intended as a companion to the 
new sectional map of Illinois. New York, Colton, 
1839. 219 p., map. HWL 341 

Also, ibid. [1840]. 219 p., map. L 

Embodies much of the same material as his Gazetteer of 
Illinois (no. 278). The map is by Peck and Messinger and is 
probably the first sectional map of the state. 

1839 

Remarks on the western states of America or the valley 

of the Mississippi; with suggestions to agricultural 

emigrants, miners, &c. London, Kennett, 1839. 45 p. 

HWL 342 

Information about agriculture, commerce, internal improve- 
ments, etc., in Illinois. 

1839 
Schmidt, J. C. Illinois. Allgemeine Encyclopaedie 

der Wissenschaften und Kiinste . . . von genannten 

Schriftstellern hearheitet . . . , 2d section, xvi, 197- 

201 (Leipzig, Brockhaus, 1839). UJC 343 

A general account of the state with information about the 
more important cities. 

1839 
Western emigration; a narrative of a tour to, and 
one year's residence in, "Edensburgh" (IlHnois), by 
Major Walter Wilkey [pseudonym], an honest yeoman 
of Mooseboro, state of Maine — a more humorous 
and interesting "Traveller's Guide to the West," 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 153 

was never before published, and by which it will 

be perceived that the famous ' 'Maine-Pine-Swamp 

Speculation" has been completely outdone . . . 

New York, Sackett & Sargent, pr., 1839. 24 p. 

HC 344 

Also, New York, Claiborne, 1839. 24 p. HL 
This burlesque on emigration and paper towns contains no 
real descriptive matter on Illinois. 

1839-40 

The North American tourist. New York, Goodrich 

[1839]. ix, 506 p., maps. L 345 

Also, ibid. [1840]. S 

Routes of travel to and in Illinois. 

1839-43 

Naumann, Jakob. Jakob Naumann's Reise nach den 

Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika, siebenjahriger 

Aufenthalt indenselben, und Riickkehr nach Deutsch- 

land — Mittheilungen fiir Auswanderungslustige, mit 

besonderer Beziehung auf Ackerbau, Handel und 

Gewerbe; herausgegeben von Prof. Friedrich Biilau. 

Leipzig, Hinrichs, 1850. L 346 

Tells of a trip down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to St. 
Louis, of visits among the Germans in Illinois and of the return 
journey. Contains a general account of the Mississippi Valley. 

1839-53 
Phelps & Ensign's Traveller's guide through the 
United States: containing stage, steamboat, canal 
and railroad routes, with the distances from place to 
place . . . New York, Phelps & Ensign, 1839. 53 
p., map. D 347 

Also, ibid., 1844. 53 p., map. L — Reissued as Phelps' 
Traveller's guide . . . New York, Phelps, etc., 1847. 70 p., 



154 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

map. U — New York, Thayer & Ensign, 1850. 70 p., map. 
W — New ed., impr.. New York, Thayer, 1853. 70 p., map. W 
Gives many routes of travel to and in Illinois. 

1839-57 
The western tourist and emigrant's guide, with a 
compendious gazetteer of the states of Ohio, 
Michigan, Indiana, Ilhnois, and Missouri, and the 
territories of Wisconsin, and Iowa . . . also, de- 
scribing all the principal stage routes, canals, rail- 
roads and the distances between the towns; ac- 
companied with a correct map showing the lines of 
the United States surveys, by J[ohn] Calvin Smith. 
New York, Colton, 1839. 180 p., map. IN 348 

Also, ibid., 1840. 180 p., map. UHW — Without Smith's 
name, ibid., 1844. 119 p., map. WL — Ibid., 1845. 119 p., 
map. W — Ibid., 1846. 119 p., map. MHWL — Ibid., 1847. 
119 p., map. W — Ibid., 18^0. 89 p. S — Ibid., 18^2. 89 
p., map. W — Ibid., 1854. 89 p., map. UW — Reissued as 
Cotton's Traveler and tourist's guide-book through the western 
states and territories, containing brief descriptions of each, with 
the routes and distances on the great lines of travel. Ibid., 1855. 
loop., map. UL — Ibid., i8$6. 100 p., map. S — By Richard 
S. Fisher, ibid., 1857. 149 p., map. I 

The editions from 1844 to 1856, inclusive, were issued anony- 
mously with the binder's title Cotton's Western tourist and are 
usually listed under Colton. The map is by Smith, however, 
and the title-page of the earlier editions would indicate that he 
was the original compiler of the work. It is one of the best of 
the early guidebooks, the section on Illinois containing brief de- 
scriptions of each county, lists of towns, etc. The schedules of 
stage-routes is also useful and the map depicts the states of the 
Northwest, with counties, towns, roads, canals, and railroads, 
including projected improvements. The data in this book 
formed the basis of parts of many other guidebooks and gazet- 
teers. See, for examples, nos. 381, 412, 458, 468. 

1839-65 
Mitchell, S[ainuel] A. Mitchell's School geography; 
a system of modern geography, comprising a descrip- 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 



155 



tion of the present state of the world, and its five great 
divisions . . . Philadelphia, Thomas, etc., 1839. 
329 p. & atlas. L 349 

Ibid., 1841. 336 p. H — 2d rev. ed., ibid., 1849. 336 p. & 
atlas. L — 3d rev. ed., ibid., 1850. 336 p. & atlas. 4th ed., 
Philadelphia, 1856. 336 p. D — New rev. ed., Philadelphia, 
Butler, i860. 336 p. HL — Rev. as Mitchell's New school 
geography . . . Ibid., 1865. 456 p. & atlas. L — Also, 
Mitchell's Geographical reader; a system of modern geography 
. . . Philadelphia, Thomas, etc., 1840. 600 p. HL — Also, 
A complete key to Mitchell's School geography . . . by James E. 
Carrol. Ibid., 1847. 45^ p. L 

The School geography devotes two and the Geographical 
reader, three pages to Illinois. Mitchell compiled also a 
number of primary and intermediate geographies. 

1840 

Buckingham, J[ames] S. The eastern and western 

states of America. London, Fisher [1842]. 3 v. 

umcwL 350 

The third volume contains an account of a journey down the 
Ohio from Louisville, up the Mississippi and Illinois rivers 
and across the plains of Illinois ; with much interesting descrip- 
tive matter on towns and prairies. 

Tuckerman, America, 222. 

1840 

Chevalier, Michel. Histoire et description des voies de 

communication aux Etats Unis et des travaux d'art 

qui en dependent. Paris, Gosselin, etc., 1840-41, 2 

v. & atlas. CL 351 

Contains a general topographical description of the United 
States and devotes thirteen pages to the rivers and canals of 
Illinois. 

1840 
Hadley, W[illiam] Hobart. The American citizen's 
manual of reference; being a comprehensive histori- 
cal, statistical, topographical, and political view of 



156 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

the United States of North America, and of the sev- 
eral states and territories . . . New York, Benedict, 
pr., 1840. 102 p. L 352 

Contains a brief section on Illinois and general material on 
internal improvements. 

1840 

[Lanman, James H.] The progress of the Northwest. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), in, 22-40 (July, 1840). 

UHCNWL 353 

A sketch of the history of the Northwest together with an 
account of its physical features and the social and economic 
conditions prevailing in the region. 

1840 
Shepard, Professor Charles U., & Forrest Shepherd. 

Reports respecting mineral deposits in the states of 

Missouri and Illinois. [New Haven, 1840.] 12 p., 

map. NE 354 

These reports "to the Boston Association for purchasing 
mineral property in Missouri and Illinois" are dated at New 
Haven, May 20 and 21, 1840, and contain descriptions of 
mineral property purchased for the company in Illinois, espe- 
cially in Jackson County. 

1840 

Steele, Mrs. [Eliza R.] A summer journey in the 

West. New York, Taylor, 1 841. 278 p. MmCNWL 

355 

The journey was by way of the lakes to Chicago, through 
Peoria and Alton to St. Louis, then down the Mississippi and 
up the Ohio. The book contains extensive descriptive matter 
on Illinois. 

Merchants^ magazine ''Hunt's), v, 79 (July, 1841). 

1840-45 
Farnham, Eliza W. Life in prairie land. New York, 
Harper, 1846. 408 p. UMIWL 356 

Also, ibid., 1847. 408 p. IN — Ibid., 1855. 408 p. H 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 157 

Experiences of a woman traveling and residing in central and 
northern Illinois in the early forties. Doubtless fictitious in 
some of the details but throws light on frontier conditions. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xv, 123 (July, 1846). 

1840-54 
Bromme, Traugott. Neuestes vollstandigstes Hand- 
und Reise-buch fiir Auswanderer aller Klassen und 
jedes Standes nach den Vereinigten Staaten von 
Nord-Amerika, Ober- und Unter- Canada, Neu- 
Braunschweig, Neu-Schottland und Texas . . . 
Bayreuth, 1840. S 357 

2d ed., enl., Bayreuth, Buchner, 1843. 358 p., map. A — 
3d ed., ibid., 1846. viii, 381 p. EF — 4th ed., ibid., 1847. 
B — 5th ed., ibid., 1848. xii, 555 p., map. NW — 6th ed., enl., 
ibid., 1849. xviii, 605 p., map. D — 7th ed., enl., Bamberg, 
Buchner, 1853. xvi, 744 p., map. L — 76^*^., 1854. B 

The title varies in the different editions, the principal change 
being the substitution, in the later editions of "Traugott 
Bromme's" for "Neuestes vollstandigstes" at the beginmng. 
The work is divided into two parts: a description of the United 
States; and advice for emigrants. The first part contains a 
general chapter on the topography, institutions and products 
of the United States and a brief description and statistical 
section on each state. 

The following items appear to be extracts from this work: 
Rathgeber fiir Auswanderungslustige: Wie und wohin sollen 
wir auswandern; nach den Vereinigten Staaten oder Britisch 
Nord-Amerika . . . eine umfassende Beleuchtung der bisherigen 
deutschen Auswanderung . . . Stuttgart, Hoffman, 1846. B 
— Wegweiser fiir Einwanderer und Reisende in den Vereinigten 
Staaten von Nord Amerika und den Canadas; eine genaue Zu- 
zammenstellung aller Eisenbahn- Post- und Dampf-boot-Routen. 
Bayreuth, 1848. viii, 155 p., map. S — Neuestes Wegweiser 
fiir Auswanderer nach Amerika; mit grosser Eisenbahn- Post- 
und Reise-karte. Stuttgart, Hoffman, 1852. 96 p. S — • 
Leitfaden fUr Auswanderer nach den Vereinigten Staaten von 
Nord-Amerika, Texas, Brasilien b'c; oder, Wer soil und darf aus- 
wandern, wer nicht? Wie soil man auswandern'' ? nebst Vor- 
schrif ten fiir Einwanderer und einem Rathgeber in amerikanischen 
Rechtsangelegenheiten. Bamberg, Buchner, 1853. 232 p. S 

Sabin, Dictionary. 



158 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1840-72 

Manford, Erasmus. Twenty-five years in the West. 

Chicago, Manford, 1867. 359 p. UHL 358 

Also, fit J., 1868. 359p. W — Rev. ed.,i6zi., 1875. 37Sp. IH 
Manford was a Universalist preacher and tells of many 
preaching tours in Illinois from 1840 to 1872. The book con- 
tains considerable theology but also much interesting descrip- 
tive matter and local data. 

1841 
Flower, George. The errors of emigrants; pointing 
out many popular errors hitherto unnoticed; with a 
sketch of the extent and resources of the new states 
of the North American Union, and a description of 
the progress and present aspect of the English settle- 
ment in Illinois founded by Morris Birkbeck and 
George Flower, in the year 1 8 1 7 ; by George Flower, 
of Albion, Edwards County, Illinois. London, 
Cleave [1841]. 64 p. WE 359 

Contains a general description of Illinois, special accounts of 
Albion and Mount Carmel, and a chapter "On farming and 
stock-raising in Illinois." 

1841 

Hall, James. Notes upon the geology of the western 

states. American journal of science (Silliman's), 

XLii, 51-62 (April, 1842). UJNWL 360 

This is not Judge Hall, but the state geologist of New York. 
The article is based on observations made during a tour of the 
West in the spring of 1841. 

1841 
Hodge, James T. On the Wisconsin and Missouri lead 
region. American journal of science (Silliman's), 
XLiii, 35-72 (April-June, 1842). UJCNWL 361 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 159 

Covers also the lead region of Illinois and contains valuable 
information about the mineral resources of the region and the 
processes of mining and smelting. 

1841 

[Howard, George W. F.] Two lectures, on the poetry 

of Pope, and on his own travels in America, by . . . 

the Earl of Carlisle; delivered . . . 1850. Leeds, 

Baines, pr., 1850. 44 p. D 362 

Also, London, 1850. S — Rev. ed., London, Simpkin, etc., 
1851. 44 p. L — loth thousand, London, 1851. S — Also as 
Travels in America — the poetry of Pope: two lectures . . . by the 
. . . Earl of Carlisle {Lord Morpeth). New York, Putnam, 
1851. 135 p. INWL 

Brief notes on a trip in which he crossed Illinois in various 
directions. Mention of a colony of Yorkshiremen at Jackson- 
ville. 

1841 

Illinois and its resources. Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), 

V, 427-437 (November, 1841). UHCNWL 363 

Describes the physical features and agricultural and mineral 
resources of the state with statistics of products. 

1841 
Life in the West ; back-wood leaves and prairie flowers ; 
rough sketches on the borders of the picturesque, the 
sublime, and the ridiculous; extracts from the note- 
book of Morleigh in search of an estate. London, 
Saunders & Otley, 1842. xii, 363 p. IHNWL 364 

2d ed., London, Newby, 1843. 376 p. B 
Contains a description of Chicago and the surrounding 
cotmtry. 

1841 
Thomas, Lewis F. The valley of the Mississippi 
illustrated in a series of views, edited by Lewis 
Foulke Thomas, painted and lithographed by J. C. 



i6o ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Wild; accompanied with historical descriptions, 
published monthly in ntmibers ... St. Louis, 
Chambers & Knapp, pr., 1841. 145 p. H 365 

Contains historical and descriptive sketches and cuts of 
Alton, Monk's Mound, Kaskaskia, Fort de Chartres, Piasa 
Rock, Cairo, Cahokia, and Illinoistown. Made up of nine 
numbers, July, 1841 to March, 1842. The last two, issued as a 
double number for February and March, relate wholly to 
St. Louis. Each number has also a separate title-page. 

Lansden, History of Cairo, 115. 

1841 
[Tucker, George.] The geography of America and the 
West Indies. London, Society for the Diffusion of 
Usefid Knowledge, 1841. xii, 648 p. HL 366 

Also, as America and the West Indies geographically described. 
London, Knight, 1845. xii, 648 p. IJCWL 

A cooperative work edited by George Long. The two- 
page description of Illinois was written by Tucker. 

1841-58 
Unonius, Gustaf [E. M.] Minnen fran en sjuttonnarig 
vistelse i nordvestra Amerika. Upsala, Schultz, etc., 
1862. 2 V. L 367 

Rev. Unonius was the founder of a Swedish settlement at Pine 
Lake, Wisconsin, in 1841. He moved to Chicago in 1849 and 
returned to Sweden about 1858. The book contains a general 
and topographical description of Illinois and especially infor- 
mation about life among the Swedish immigrants. 

O. N. Nelson, History of the Scandinavians in the United 
States, I, 267 (Minneapolis, 1893). 

1841-66 

McCuUoch, J[ohn] R. A dictionary, geographical, 

statistical, and historical, of the various countries, 

places, & principal natural objects in the world . . . 

London, Longmans, etc., 1841-42. 2 v., maps. N 

368 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION i6i 

New ed., tft^'i., 1846-49. 2 v. B — Ibid., 1S48. B — New 
& impr. ed., ibid., 1851. 2 v., maps. J — New ed. rev., ibid., 
1854. 2 v., maps. L — New ed., rev. by F. Martin, ibid., 
1866. 4 v., 24 maps. JCL — Also, as M'Culloch's Universal 
gazetteer; a dictionary . . . in which the articles relating to the 
United States have been greatly multiplied and extended . . . 
by Daniel Haskel . . . New York, Harper, 1843-44. 2 v., 
maps. S — Ibid., 1844-45. 2 v., 7 maps. L — Ibid., 1845-49. 
S — Ibid., 1851. 2 v., 7 maps. W 

Contains a brief article on Illinois. 

Merchants' magazine (Himt's), ix, 102 Quly, 1843); Sabin, 
Dictionary. 

1842 
Bell, William, H. Mineral lands of the upper Mississip- 
pi .. . [Washington, 1844.] 52 p. (28 Congress, 
I SESSION, House documents, no. 43, serial 441.) 

UHCWL 369 

Captain Bell was "inspector of the mines" attached to the 
United States arsenal at St. Louis. The report contains 
considerable information about the Galena mining region and 
the operation of the mines. 

1842 
Caswall, Henry. The city of the Mormons; or, Three 
days at Nauvoo, 111., in 1842. London, Rivington, 

1842. H 370 

2d ed., rev. & enl., ibid., 1843. 87 p. L 

An interesting account of a trip from St. Louis to Nauvoo 
and the experiences of an English clergyman among the Mor- 
mons. It appears to have been published first in the Irish 
ecclesiastical journal and was reprinted in the Museum oj 
foreign literature, xlv, 901-906 (December, 1842). W 

1842 
Dickens, Charles. American notes for general circula- 
tion. London, Chapman & Hall, 1842. 2 v. NADF 

371 

Also Paris, Galignani, 1842. S — Paris, Baudry, 1842. 
E — Leipzig, Tauchnitz, 1842. viii, 310 p. CE — ist American 
ed.. New York, Wilson [1842]. 45 p. L — New York [Win- 



i62 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Chester], 1842. 46 p. L — New York, Harper, 1842. 92 p. 
WL — Philadelphia, Peterson [1847]. io4 P- E — London, 
Chapman & Hall, 1850. xiii, 175 p. L — Philadelphia, Peter- 
son, 1859. S — London, Chapman & Hall, 1 861. S — Boston, 
Ticknor & Fields, 1867. 126 p. HL— [New York, Hurd & 
Houghton, 1867.] 335 p. S — London, Chapman & Hall, 1874. 
viii, 506 p. E — New York, Lovell [1883]. 585-826 pp. L — 
London, Chapman & Hall, 1884. B — New York, Mimro 
[1885]. 181 p. L — Also with his Pictures from Italy . . . 
London, Chapman & Hall, 1862. vii, 437 p. L — New York, 
Hurd & Houghton, 1866. 2 v. L — Ibid., 1877. xxxii, 437 p. 
L — New York, Harper, 1877. '383 p. L — London & New 
York, Macmillan, 1893. xvii, 379 p. "L — London, Dent; 
New York, Button [1907]. xii, 430 p. CL — Also numerous 
editions in Dutch, German, Danish, ietc, and in the various 
editions of his collected works (see Sabin, Dictionary and 
British Museum, Catalogue). 

Based on his trip to America in 1842 during which he went 
down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to St, Louis, through 
Belleville and Lebanon to the Looking-Glass Prairie, and back 
by way of the rivers. Considerable space is devoted to Cairo, 
which place is also caricatured under the name of Eden in 
Martin Chuzzlewit. Dicken's impressions of the West were 
distinctly unfavorable and the book aroused considerable 
feeling. William Kinney, a Baptist minister, who had been 
lieutenant-governor of Illinois, wrote an "Answer to Dicken's 
American notes" which was published serially in the Belleville 
advocate in the fall of 1842. A few years later this was repub- 
lished by Robert K. Fleming in a pamphlet which is now very 
rare. An extract from this is reprinted in Illinois State Histori- 
cal Society, Transactions, 1904, pp. 441-444. See also: John 
M. Lansden, History of Cairo, chap, xxii (Chicago, 19 10) J. 
F. Snyder, "Charles Dickens in Illinois," in Illinois State 
Historical Society, Jourtial, iii, no. 3, pp. 7-22 (October, 1910); 
J. N. Perrin, "The visit of Alfred Tennyson Dickens to Ilhnois," 
in i6/(/., IV, 440-445 (January, 1912); Lansden, "Cairo in 1841," 
in ibid., v, 25-41 (April, 1912); Mrs. Charles P. Johnson, "The 
visit of Alfred Tennyson Dickens to Lebanon, Belleville and 
East St. Louis, November 22, 191 1," in ibid., 42-49; Charles 
Dickens' trip to Belleville in 1842, and how the trip may be made 
to-day (n.p.. East St. Louis and Subiirban Railway Company, 
n.d. [30] p.) 

Eraser's, xxvi, 617-629 (November, 1842); Black-woods, lii, 
783-801 (December, 1842); Edinburgh review, lxxvi, 497-522 
(January, 1843) ; Westminster review, xxxix, 146-160 (February 



I 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 163 

1843); Quarterly review, Lxxiii, 129-142 (December, 1843); 
Dublin review, xiv, 255-262 (February, 1843); -^^^ Englander, 
I, 64-84 (January, 1843); Democratic review, xiii, 347-352 
(October, 1843); Some notes on America to be rewritten; sug- 
gested with respect to Charles Dickens, Esq. (Philadelphia, 
Sherman, pr., 1868. 20 p.); Lamed, Literature of American 
history, no. 1877. 

1842 

Grund, Francis J. Handbuch und Wegweiser fiir 
Auswanderer nach den Vereinigten Staaten von 
Nordamerika enthaltend die fiir sie wissenswerth- 
estenGesetze, Sit ten und Gebrauche, Rathschlage und 
Warnungen gegen Ueber vortheilung ; Beschreibung 
der fur sie geeignetsten Landstriche; Rathschlage in 
Bezug auf Gesundheit, Klima und Boden; Reise- 
routen; Entfernungen der vorzugHchsten Platze von 
dem Hauptstadten der Staaten und von Washington ; 
Strassen, Kanale und Eisenbahnen; Bevolkerung, 
Produkte, Klima, und Boden einzelner Staaten, nebst 
einerumstandlichen Beschreibung aller in den Staaten 
Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois und Missouri und 
in den Territorien Wisconsin und Iowa gelegenen 
Grafschaften, und einem statistischen Anhang. 
Stuttgart & Tubingen, Gotta, 1843. 251 p., map. U 

372 

2d ed., ibid., 1846. iv, 278 p., map. L 

The special chapter devoted to Illinois contains a general 
account of the state, notes on each county with special re- 
ference to the character of its soil, lists of the principal roads 
with distances from place to place, list of railroads, list of cities 
and villages with location, and general statistics of population 
and educational conditions. 

1842 
Salzbacher, Dr. Joseph. Meine Reise nach Nord- 
Amerika im Jahre 1842; mit statistische Bemerkung- 



i64 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

en iiber die Zustande der katholischen Kirche bis auf 
die neuste Zeit . . . mit einer geographischen Karte 
der katholischen Diocesen und deren Missionsorte 
in Nord-Amerika . . . Wien, Winmer, etc., 1845. 
viii, 479, xii p., map. WL 373 

Dr. Salzbacher, who was " Domkapitular zu St. Stephan in 
Wien," devotes a chapter to the diocese of Chicago. He tells 
also of a trip to St. Louis by way of the Ohio and Mississippi 
rivers and back across Illinois by stage to Vincennes. An 
extract is reprinted as " Im Jahre 1842 von St. Louis nach 
Detroit," in Deutsch-amerikanische Geschichtsbldtter , viii, 115- 
118 (July, 1908). 

1842 

Scott, Rev. James L. A journal of a missionary tour 
through Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, 
Wiskonsin, and Michigan; comprising a concise 
description of different sections of the country; health 
of climate; inducements for emigration with the em- 
barrassments; the religious condition of the people; 
meetings connected with the mission ; and of the great 
western prairies. Providence, author, 1843. viii, 
203 p. UWL 374 

Scott visited various parts of Illinois and this day by day 
journal of his trip is interesting and important. 

1842-43 
Oliver, William. Eight months in Illinois, with infor- 
mation to emigrants . . . Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
Mitchell, 1843. iv, 141 p. IHL 375 

Oliver traveled in the southern part of the state visiting 
Kaskaskia, CoUinsville, Vandalia, and Greenville. Besides 
telling of his experiences he gives a description of the state, 
an account of routes of travel to and in Illinois, and other 
information for emigrants. Extracts can be found in John M. 
Lansden, Cairo, 247-251 (Chicago, 1910). A copy of the book 
is cataloged in the Mason collection of the Champaign Public 
Library, but it could not be located. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 165 

1842-47 
Regan, John. The emigrant's guide to the western 
states of America; or, Backwoods and prairies; con- 
taining a complete statement of the advantages and 
capacities of the prairie lands — full instructions for 
emigrants in fitting out ; and in selecting, purchasing, 
and settling on, land — with particulars of farming 
and other business operations, pictures of the home 
manners of the people, successes of emigrants, &c., 
&c. by John Regan, formerly teacher, Ayrshire, now 
of Peoria, Illinois. Edinburgh [1852]. 408 p. S 376 

2d ed., rev. & enl., Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd; etc. [1852]. 
408 p. IHWL — Reissued without change as The western wilds 
of America; or, Backwoods and prairies; and scenes in the 
valley of the Mississippi. 2d ed., enl., Edinburgh, Menzies & 
Nimmo, etc., 1859. 408 p. HCF 

Sabin gives the date of the first edition as "[1842]" but the 
book has internal evidence of having been written in 1852. 
Regan emigrated from Scotland in 1842 and located in Fulton 
County near Ellisville. He gives, in story form and with con- 
siderable dialogue, an account of his life and experiences in 
Illinois, narratives of many trips in different parts of the state, 
and descriptive matter. Much of it is in the form of quotations 
from letters. 

1843 
[Adams, Ephriam.] The Iowa band. Boston, Con- 
gregational Publication Society, 1870. 184 p. UHN 

377 

New ed., rev., with the author's name, Boston, Pilgrim Press 
[1902]. XX, 240 p., map. L 

An account of missionary activity in early Iowa, with a 
description of the journey of the band across northern Illinois 
in 1843. 

1843 
Fuller, S[arah] M[argaret]. Summer on the lakes in 

1843. Boston, Little & Brown; New York, Francis, 

1844. 256 p. UMIHCNWL 378 



i66 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Also, London, 1861. B — Included in her At home and 
abroad; or, Things and thoughts in America and Europe. Boston, 
Crosby, etc., 1856. x, 466 p. S — 2d ed., Boston, Crosby, etc.; 
London, Low, 1856. x, 466 p. L — ^ded., ibid, x, 466 p. W — 
New ed., Boston, Roberts, 1874. x, 466 p. UH — New ed., 
Boston, 1890. C 

Margaret Fuller's account of her sojourn in Chicago and 
travels in northern Illinois is very interesting. See Richard V. 
Carpenter, "Margaret Fuller in northern Illinois," in Illinois 
State Historical Society, Journal, 11, no. 4, pp. 7-22 (January, 
1910). 

1843 

A gazetteer; containing a general view of the United 

States, and the several states and territories ; with an 

accurate account of the internal improvements 

throughout the Union; also, a table of the counties, 

cities, towns, villages, &c., in the same; together with 

a table of the rivers, exhibiting their length and 

termination ; to which is added a table of all the post 

offices in the United States, and their net proceeds 

in 1 841; the whole compiled from public documents 

and other popular works. Akron, Ohio, Manning & 

Darby, 1843. 409 p. HW 379 

The general description of Illinois occupies two pages. 
Valuable for the tables. 

1843 
[Haliburton, Thomas C] The Americans at home ; or, 

Byeways, backwoods, and prairies; edited by the 
author of "Sam Slick" . . . London, 1843. S 

380 

Also, London, Hurst, 1850. 3 v. S — London, Hurst & 
Blackett, 1854. 3 v. CNL 

Contains a facetious chapter entitled "Scenes in Illinois." 

1843 
Haskel, Daniel, & J[ohn] Calvin Smith. A complete 
descriptive and statistical gazetteer of the United 






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paa ■Oo^tf»^^^ct om: jf-'^'M''""^"^"- ^''i-'ff'*ff'-'"[)('^' -Climnr, \7a- 
rIll•pl■o^IU■tcr/ JDvrcjT.vgrcr, 2;jcu|^^n^l•^e foi- ^lgcI•^v^^'nllIC^ 
og <ianM<c>iiaimg, "JinK'Miing til ,^c«i-tjciK'|K* fv->r aUr -^li^qe 
'Jll•bct^ell:, i^^anSx^ertcrc og"l\li5bmxIl^, pi-ifci- pt-.a p^o^lIC- 
tcr og JlrbVioc, offcnrligr 'i!«lI^, ^iorgiviiing c-g fclifr.hclig 
a>^^C1I in. ni., i bet vcnligc 'Jlmcrlfar u.u-iilig "i Wtaconftii 
jUiiioi?, '^oiM og lllisfouVi, (lunr X'Mf'Jti'ii i'-'vr.fi, tlll;gc^Il•^ 
en SfriucliV ril «^.ins ■yij.'C-mann oni c^c amenfcnl^'c ,\ol■b.>l^ 
overbore^, IcMugiT meb baiiij i^cm^x•t•F^I)Ig^:v eg ^ctccHJ-'nin: 
get- fra RvcnjI'etcii UuonniCv *,7v->^Itl.\•n^e^e (£[lcf 'GixTnU'ii 
iungon, '5.. 1\i!iiM"cu fr« JDr*;mnicn, ':ln^cl•s> CDinntiinbfoii og 
Oofjauuce (Dmniun?fcn Wiig fumt ^i-Yti'lC> *l JJicoue. 

llbarMi>i-t cftcr cjinc 3nijtti)yrl|"cr 
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(^iirifrtouifl. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 167 

States of America ; containing a particular description 
of the states, territories, counties, districts, parishes, 
cities, towns, and villages — mountains, rivers, lakes, 
canals, and railroads; with an abstract of the census 
and statistics for 1840, exhibiting a complete view of 
the agricultural, commercial, manufacturing, and 
literary condition and resources of the country. 
New York, Sherman & Smith, 1843. 752 p. HL 

381 

Also ibid., 1844. 752 p. C — Ibid., 184$. 752 p. UL — Ibid., 
1846. 752 p. I — Ibid., 1847. 754 p. E — Ibid., 1849. 
H — Ibid., 1850. 770 p. JL — German ed., Hildburghausen, 
Bibliographischen Instituts, 1852. iio8p., 6 maps. L. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), viii, 492 (May, 1843). 

1843-44 

Chase, [Philander]. Bishop Chase's address delivered 

before the convention of the Protestant Episcopal 

Church, Springfield, Illinois, June i6th, 1845. St. 

Louis, Davies, pr., 1845. 2y p. IHND 382 

Contains a day by day record of his travels and missionary 
labors in Illinois including a tour in the southern part of the 
state, June-July, 1843; in the northern part, September- 
October, 1843; and again in the northern part in May, 1844. 

1843-44 
Reierson, J[ohan] R. Veiviser for norske emigranter 
til de forenede nord-amerikanske stater og Texas 
. . . Christiania, Reierson, 1844. xxx, 166 p. U 

383 

Republished in Amerika, Feburary 15 — December 27, 1899 
(edited by Rasmus B. Anderson, Madison, Wisconsin), W 

Reierson visited the Norwegian settlements in the West and 
his book is based in part on his own observations. Besides a 
variety of information for emigrants it contains a special four 
page description of Illinois. 



i68 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1844 

Berghaus, Dr. Heinrich [K. W.] Allgemeine Lander- 

und Volkerkunde; nebst einem Abriss der physikali- 

schen Erdbeschreibung ; ein Lehr- und Handbuch fiir 

alle Stande. Stuttgart, Hoffman, 1837-46. 7 v. L 

384 

The sixth volume has also a separate title-page : Das ameri- 
kanische Staatensystem, das M ohammedanische Staatensystem 
. . . nach den geographisch-statistischen H auptverhdltnissen. 
Ibid., 1844. 537, 442 p. Fedor Possart and Traugott Bromme 
assisted in the composition of this volume. It contains a four 
page topographical description of Illinois. 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1844 
[Disturnell, John.] The western traveller; embracing 
the canal and railroad routes, from Albany to Troy, 
to Buffalo and Niagara Falls; also, the steamboat 
route from Buffalo to Detroit and Chicago. New 
York, Disturnell, 1844. 90 p., map. L 385 

Contains a brief description of Chicago. 

1844 

Lewis, Rev. G[eorge]. Impressions of America and the 

American churches . . . Edinburgh, etc., Kennedy, 

1845. viii, 432 p. UCWL 386 

Contains a brief account of a trip up the Mississippi to St. 
Louis and by stage across Illinois to Vincennes. 

1844 
Murray, Hugh. The United States of America; their 
history from the earliest period ; their industry, com- 
merce, banking transactions, and national works; 
their institutions and character, political, social, and 
literary; with a survey of the territory, and remarks 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 169 

on tne prospects and plans of emigrants. Edinburgh, 

Oliver & Boyd, 1844. 3 V. IWL 387 

Scattered information on Illinois in the various chapters. 

1844 
Newhaii, J[ohn] B. The British emigrants' "hand 
book," and guide to the new states of America, 
particularly Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin; compris- 
ing a general description of the agricultural and 
commercial facilities — mineral productions — rela- 
tive advantages that different portions present for 
settlement — sketches of towns — neighborhoods, etc., 
with practical advice to the emigrant, concerning 
the different routes, time of sailing, etc. London, 
Stutter, 1844. 99 p. HL 388 

Besides much general matter, eight pages are devoted to a 
sketch of Illinois. 

1844 
Raumer, Friedrich von. Die Vereinigten Staaten von 
Nordamerika. Leipzig, Brockhaus, 1845. 2 v., 
map. UCW 389 

Also, Philadelphia, Schwacke, 1846. 2 parts in i v. L — 
'Englished., America and the American people . . . New York, 
Langley, 1846. 512 p. UHNW — Dutch ed., Deventer, Ter 
Gunne, 1849. 2 v. L 

One of the letters at the end tells briefly of a trip down the 
Ohio, and up the Mississippi and Illinois rivers to Ottawa, and 
by stage to Chicago. The main part of the book is a disquisi 
tion on American history and institutions. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xiii, 589 (December, 1845). 

1844 
Thacker, Henry. Muskrat hunting. S[ewell] New- 
house, The trapper s guide; a manual of instructions 
. . . with observations on the fur trade, hints on life in 
the woods, and narratives of trapping and hujiting 



I70 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

excursions . . . , 146-158 (2d ed., Wallingford, Con- 
necticut, Oneida Community, 1867. 215 p.) DF 390 

3d ed.,New York, Oakley, etc., 1869. 216 p. NW — 8th ed., 
rev.. Community, New York, Oneida Community, 1887. 224 p. 
L — nth ed., New York, Forest and stream, 1904. 207 p. C 

Tells of excursions into the country about Chicago, and 
contains a description of Mud Lake, from which flowed branches 
of the Chicago and "Oplain" rivers. This sketch is not in the 
first edition of Newhouse, Guide (1865). 

1844-45 
Koch) Albert C. Reise durch einen Theil der Vereinig- 
ten Staaten von Nordamerika in den Jahren 1844 bis 
1846. Dresden & Leipzig, Arnold, 1847. 162 p. 

NL 391 

Koch tells of a trip down the Ohio and up the Mississippi 
on his way to Iowa. Returning he stopped at Nauvoo and also 
spent several days at Golconda with trips into the surrounding 
cotmtry. 

1845 
Biittner, Johann G. Brief e aus und uber Nordameri- 
ka; oder, Beitrage zu einer richtigen Kenntniss der 
Vereinigten Staaten und ihrer Bewohner, besonders 
der deutschen Bevolkerung, in kirklicher, sittlicher, 
socialer, und politischer Hinsicht, und zur Beant- 
wortung der Frage iiber Auswanderung, nebst 
Nachrichten iiber Klima und Krankheiten in diesen 
Staaten . . . Dresden & Leipzig, Arnold, 1845. 
2 V. in I. L 392 

2d ed., Leipzig, 1847. 2 v. in i. W 

Although containing no formal description of, or account of 
travels in, Illinois, these letters present much incidental informa- 
tion about the state. 

' 1845 
Duerst, Mathias. Diary of one of the original colonists 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 171 

of NewGlarus [Wisconsin], 1845. Wisconsin historical 

collections, xv, 292-337 (1900). UIHJCNWL 393 

Translated from the German original by John Luchsinger. 
Duerst was one of the leaders of a colony of Swiss which finally 
settled in Wisconsin. Leaving the rest of the company in St. 
Louis, he and another made a trip through northern Illinois by 
way of Peoria and Freeport to Galena. His narrative is inter- 
esting and informing. Further material on this colony with 
additional descriptive matter on northern Illinois in 1845 can 
be found in ibid., viii, 441-445 (1879); ^n? 355~382 (1892). 

1845 
Greenough, William W. Tour to the western country. 

Massachusetts Historical Society, Proceedings, 

XLiv, 339-354 (January, 191 1). UIHCNWL 394 

Greenough drove from Chicago through Rockford and 
Freeport to Galena, traveled by steamer past Nauvoo to Quincy 
where he spent several days, and then went on to St. Louis. Re- 
turning he went up the Illinois River to Henry and then drove 
through Peru, Ottawa, and Naperville to Chicago. The account 
of the trip and the description of the country and towns visited 
are interesting and valuable. 



■'£> 



1845 

[James, Thomas H.] Rambles in the United States 
and Canada during the year 1845, with a short ac- 
count of Oregon, by Rubio [pseudonym]. London, 
Clark, 1846. viii, 259 p. W 395 

Also, London, Ollivier, 1846. viii, 259 p. L — 2d ed., ibid., 
1847. viii, 259 p. NL 

Describes a trip down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to 
St. Louis. The writer did not enter Illinois but he gives a short 
account of the state , with statistics. His impressions of America 
were distinctly unfavorable. 

1845 
Mann, A[mbrose] Dudley. Die nordamericanischen 
Freistaaten . . . (Uebersetzung.) Bremen, Schii- 
nemann, 1845. viii, 326 p. L 396 



172 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Has a chapter on Illinois, its government, institutions, 
finances, and internal improvements. No English edition has 
been located. 

1845 
Wiley, [John] & [George P.] Putnam. Wiley and Put- 
nam's Emigrants' guide; comprising advice and 
instruction in every stage of the voyage to America. 
London, Wiley & Putnam, 1845. 141 p. E 397 

Gives information about routes and rates of transportation 
and treats of the western country with reference to its suita- 
bility to emigrants. 

1845-46 
Dietrichson, J[ohannes] W. C. Reise blandt de norske 
emigranter i " De forenede nordamerikanske fri- 
stater." Stavanger, Kielland, 1846. 128 p. L 398 

Reprint edited by R. B. Anderson, Madison, Wisconsin, 
Amer ika, i?>g6. 124 p. 

Dietrichson traveled extensively in Wisconsin and northern 
Illinois. He devo»tes about twenty-five pages to Illinois, with 
notes on some of the counties and on the Norwegian settle- 
ments. 

1845-65 
Baldwin, Thomas. A universal pronouncing gazetteer; 
containing topographical, statistical, and other in- 
formation, of all the more important places in the 
known world, from the most recent and authentic 
sources . . . Philadelphia, Lindsay & Blakiston, 
1845. 550 Pv map. L 399 

3d ed.,ibid., 1847. 648 p. E — 8th ed., with supplement, 
Philadelphia, Butler, 1849. 648, iv, 55 p. L — gth ed., Phila- 
delphia ,1851. B — New ed . , rev , , Philadelphia , Lippincott ,etc., 
1852. 692, iv, 55 p. L — As Lippincott's Pronouncing gazetteer 
. , . Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1855. xviii, 9-2182 p. LA — 
Ibid., 1856. A — Ibid., 1858. xviii, 9-2182 p. W — Ibid., 
1862. P — Ibid., 1864. xviii, 9-2182 p. L — Rev. ed., ibid., 
1866. XX, 9-2317 p. L — Also many later editions. 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 173 

1846 

Bradford, William J. A. Notes on the Northwest or 

valley of the upper Mississippi . . . including . . . 

northern Illinois . . . New York, Wiley & Putnam, 

1846. vii, 302 p. UMmCNWL 400 

Treats of the physical geography, history, population, 
political system, society, laws, and Indians, of the region 
covered. The arrangement is topical rather than geographical. 
Based in part on the writer's observations and in part on gazet- 
teers and other works. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xvi, 622 (December, 1846). 

1846 
Bryant, William C. Letters of a traveller; or, Notes of 
things seen in Europe and America. New York, 
Putnam; London, Bentley, 1850. 442 p. HCN 401 

2d ed., ibid. 442 p. L — 3d ed., ihid., 1851. 442 p. L — 
4th ed., ibid., 1855. 442 p. W — Ibid., 1869. 442 p. E — 
Republished as The picturesque souvenir; letters of a traveller 
. . . New York, Putnam, 1851. 442 p. E 

The letters were first published in the New York post. Some 
of them were written during a trip to Chicago by way of the 
lakes, by stage to Princeton, Illinois, and back to Chicago by 
private conveyance. They contain interesting descriptions of 
the country and accounts of experiences. 

Charles Lanman, Haphazard personalities, 110-112 (Boston 
& New York, 1886). 

1846 
[Lamnan, Charles.] The lead region. Merchants' 
magazine (Hunt's), xvi, i 81-182 (February, 1847). 
TJHCNWL 402 

Conditions at Galena and description of a mine. 

1846 
Lanman, Charles. A summer in the wilderness; em- 
bracing a canoe voyage up the Mississippi and around 
Lake Superior. New York, Appleton, 1847. 208 p. 
HNWL 403 



174 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Also as A canoe voyage up the Mississippi . . . New York, 
1847. S — Included in his Adventures in the wilds of the United 
States and the British American provinces. Philadelphia, Moore, 
1856. 2 V. IHNW — London, 1856. 2 v. S — 2ded., ibid. ,i85g. 
2 V. S 

These letters, some of which were first published in the 
National intelligencer of Washington, tell of a journey up the 
Mississippi from St, Louis, with descriptions of scenery, legends 
of the Illinois Indians, and accounts of Nauvoo and the lead 
region. The description of Nauvoo shortly after the Mormon 
exodus is especially interesting. See also his Haphazard 
personalities, 110-112 (Boston & New York, 1886), 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xvi, 642 (June, 1847); North 
American review, lxix, 422-440 (October, 1849). 

1846 

Ludvigh, Samuel. Licht- und Schattenbilder repub- 

likanischer Zustande; skizzirt wahrend seiner Reise 

in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Amerika 1846- 

47. Leipzig, Jtirany; New York, Helmich, 1848. 

viii, 344 p. L 404 

Contains a general description of Illinois and an account of a 
trip from Chicago to St. Louis. 

1846 

Macgregor, John. Commercial statistics; a digest of 

the productive resources, commercial legislation, 

customs, tariffs ... of all nations. London, 

Knight, 1844-50. 5 V. CL 405 

London, Whittaker, 1847-48. 4 V. D — 2d ed., ibid., 1850. 

The third volume, which deals with North America, was 
issued in 1846. Besides a large amount of general economic 
material on the United States, it contains a section on Illinois; 
its products, manufactures, education, banks, public works, and 
principal towns — Springfield, Chicago, Quincy, Galena, and 
Nauvoo. This section is reprinted in his The progress of 
America . . . to the year 1846. London, Whittaker, 1847. 
2 V. UICNWL — Also in his, Commercial statistics of America. 
Ibid. [1847]. ix, 1395 p. W 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xv, 60-63 (Ju.ly, 1846); 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 175 

Sabin, Dictionary; Lamed, Literature of American history, 
no. 2877. 

1846 

Rauschenbusch, August. Beschreibung einer Seereise 

von Bremen nach New York . . . vermehrt mit 

Reisebildem aus Nordamerika ... 2d ed., Elber- 

feld, 1847. 406 

Reissued as Einige Anweisungen jiir Auswanderer nach den 
westlichen Staaten von Nordamerika, und Reisebilder ... 3d 
ed., Elberfeld & Iserlohn, Badeker, 1848. 120 p. L 

Tells of a trip to Chicago by the lakes, from there to Alton by 
stage, and by steamboat to St. Louis. The first edition appears 
to have been an account of the sea-voyage only. 

1846 
Revoil, Benedict H. Chasses et peches de I'autre 
monde. Paris, Cadot, 1856. S 407 

Also in parts as Chasses dans V Amerique du Nord. Paris, 
1861. xii, 326 p. B — Peches dans V Amerique du Nord. 
Paris, Hanchette, 1863. 320 p. B — EngHsh ed. as Shooting 
and fishing in the rivers, prairies, and backwoods oj N orth America. 
London, Tinsley, 1865. 2 v. NWL 

One of the sketches, headed "Torch fishing" in the EngHsh 
edition, tells of an expedition into Illinois and contains a de- 
scription of Chicago. 

1846 

Wegwijzer en Raadgever voor Landverhuizers naar 

Noord-Amerika, inzonderheid naar de westelijke 

Staten: Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, 

Wisconsin en Iowa. Zwijndrecht, Boden, 1846. iv, 

63 p. L 408 

The description of Illinois is four pages in length. 

1846 
Wyse, Francis. America; its realities and resources: 
comprising important details connected with the 
present social, political, agricultural, commercial. 



176 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

and financial state of the country, its laws and 
customs . . . London, Newby, 1846. 3 V. HCNWL 

409 

Intended primarily to furnish information to emigrants and 
full of valuable material on all sorts of topics relating to Ameri- 
can life and conditions. Contains a brief topographical descrip- 
tion of Illinois in the last volume, but the scattered information 
in the other volumes is more valuable. 

1846 
Ziegler, Alexander. Skizzen einer Reise durch Nord- 
amerika und Westindien, mit besonderer Beruck- 
sichtigung des deutschen Elements ... in dem 
neuen Staate Wisconsin . . . Dresden & Leipzig, 
Arnold, 1848. 2 v. in i. WL 410 

Dutch ed., abridged, as Reis door de Vereenigde Staten . . . 
Amsterdam, Frij link, 1849. viii, 296 p., maps. WL 

Gives a detailed and interesting account of a trip down the 
Mississippi River from Galena past Nauvoo to St. Louis and 
across Illinois to Vincennes. 

1846-50 
Beyer, Moritz. Das Auswanderungsbuch ; oder, 
Fiihrer und Rathgeber bei der Auswanderung nach 
Nordamerika und Australien, mit Beriicksichtigung 
von Texas und Kalifornien, in Bezug auf Ueberfahrt, 
Ankunft und Ansiedelung nebst einer vollstandigen 
Schilderung des geographischen, politischen und 
geselligen Zustandes jener Lander und genauer 
Erorterung aller bei Auswanderung zu beriicksichti- 
genden Punkte; grossentheils nach eigener Auff as- 
sung wahrend eines zweijahrigen Aufenthalts in 
Amerika . . . Leipzig, Baumgartner, 1846. xii, 

236 p. S 411 

2d ed., ibid. S — 3d ed., enl., ibid., 1850. xii, 297 p., 2 maps. 

U — Dutch ed., Amsterdam, Hoogkamer, 1846. viii, 120 p. L 

The title above is taken from the third edition, which 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 177 

contains, besides information in the general chapters, a section of 
seven pages devoted to Illinois with an account of roads, canals, 
railroads and rivers in the United States. 

1846-50 
Smith, J[olin] Calvin. The illustrated hand-book, a 
new guide for travelers through the United States of 
America; containing a description of the states, cities, 
towns, villages, watering places, colleges, etc., etc.; 
with the railroad, stage, and steamboats routes, the 
distances . . . and the fares on the great traveling 
routes . . . New York, Sherman & Smith, 1846. 
233 p., map. L 412 

Also, ibid., 1847. 233 p., map. U — Ibid., 1848. 234 p. 
W — Ibid., iS4g. 234p.,map. HL — Ibid., iS^o. 234p.,map. 
W — Also as The emigrant's hand-book, and new guide for 
travelers . . . London, Simpkin, 1850. x, 267 p. B — Also, 
abridged, as A new guide for travelers, through the United States of 
America; containing all the railroad, stage, and steamboat routes, 
with the distances from place to place . . . Ibid., 1846. 79 p., 
map. HL — Ibid., iS^y. 79 p., map. L 

The account of Illinois in the Illustrated handbook is similar 
to that in the Western tourist (no. 348). 

Merchants' magazine (Himt's), xvii, 128 (July, 1847). 

1846-54 
Disturnell, [John]. Disturnell's American and Euro- 
pean railway and steamship guide, giving the ar- 
rangements on all the great lines of travel through 
the United States and Canada . . . New York, 
Disturnell, 1846. 413 

Also, ibid., 1851. B — Ibid., 185^. 208 p., map. L — Ibid., 
1854. 122 p., map. L — Also, Disturnell's Railway, steamship 
and telegraph book; being a guide through the United States and 
Canada; also giving the ocean steam packet arrangements, tele- 
graph lines and charges, list of hotels, etc. New York, Disturnell, 
January, 1849. ^ — May, 1849. B — January, 1850. B — 
July, 1851. B — January, 1853. 130 p., map. L — March, 
1853. 130 p., map. L — January, 1854. 141 p., map. L — 
November, 1854. 156 p., map. L 



178 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The first is an annual and the second a bi-monthly publica- 
tion. They give routes of travel to and in Illinois. 

1847 
[Allen, Thomas.] The commerce and navigation of the 
valley of the Mississippi ; and also that appertaining 
to the city of St. Lotus; considered, with reference 
to the improvement, by the general government, of 
the Mississippi River and its principal tributaries; 
being a report, prepared by authority of the delegates 
from the city of St. Louis, for the use of the Chicago 
convention of July 5, 1847. St. Louis, Chambers & 
Knapp [1847]. 32 p. HNWL 414 

Reprinted in part in Western journal (Tarver & Risk's), 
I, 159-166, 412-416 (March, August, 1848). UCW 

Describes many of the rivers of Illinois and treats of their 
commerce and possibilities. 

1847 
Behr, Ottomar . von. Outer Rath fiir Auswanderer 
nach den Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika, mit 
besonderer Beriicksichtigung von Texas; vorzuglich 
fiir Landleute und Handwerker nach eigner Erfahr- 
ung geschrieben. Leipzig, Friese, 1847. iv, 107 p. 

L 415 

Dutch ed., Amhem, Swaan, 1849. S 

Contains a general account of the United States and brief 
notes on Illinois with reference to its suitability for emigrants. 

1847 
Brauns, Ernst L. Neudeutschland in Westamerika; 
Oder, Welches ist die zur Ansiedelung fiir auswan- 
dernde Deutsche geeignetste Weltgegend? Fiir Aus- 
wanderere und Freunde der Erd-, Volker-, und Lan- 
derkunde . . . Lemgo & Detmold, Meyer, 1847. 
xiv, 90 p. L 416 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 179 

The suitability of Illinois as a home for emigrants is con- 
sidered incidentally. 

1847 

Geer, Mrs. Elizabeth D. S. Diary. Oregon Pioneer 
Association, Transactions, xxxv, 153-179 (1907). 
WL 417 

Journal of a trip from the East to Oregon. Mrs. Geer tells 
of crossing northern Illinois via Peru, Princeton, Galesburg, 
and Monmouth. 

1847 
Gorling, Adolph. Die Neue Welt; Skizzen, von Land 
und Leuten der nordamerikanischen Freistaaten. 
Leipzig, Payne, 1848. JWL 418 

Contains an account of a trip down the Ohio and up the 
Mississippi to St. Louis, followed by an extensive description 
of Illinois and of many towns and villages in the state. There 
are tables of routes in the appendix. 

1847 
Great national thoroughfare from the West and South- 
west into New England, by the northern, or lake 
route, from New Orleans to New York, Boston and 
Portland, n.p., December, 1847. 16 p. L 419 

A prospectus of the proposed Great Western railway or 
Central railway of Illinois. Treats of the situation and pros- 
pects of the state of Illinois. 

1847 

Haskins, R. W. Valley of lakes. American review, 

a Whig journal, vi, 466-475 (November, 1847). 

UHCNL 420 

Notes on the topography of the Northwest, the Illinois- 
Michigan canal, etc. 

1847 
Loher, Franz [von]. Geschichte und Zustande der 



i8o ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Deutschen in Amerika. Cincinnati, Eggers & Wiil- 

kop; Leipzig, Kohler, 1847. xii, 544 p. WL 421 

2d ed., Gottingen, Wigand, 1855. iv, x, 544 p. CL 
One chapter, in the book entitled "Die Wohnsitze," treats of 
Illinois and Missouri. 

Thomson, Bibliography of Ohio; Boggess, Illinois, 246. 

1847 
Norris & Gardiner. Illinois annual register, and 
western business directory . . . , no. i. 1847. Chi- 
cago, Geer & Wilson, pr., 1847. 120, 36, [12] p. 
HWL 422 

A very valuable work containing a topographical description 
of the state, a sketch of its history, suggestions to emigrants, 
and sketches with statistics of the counties and more important 
cities. 

1847 
Palliser, John. Solitary rambles and adventures of a 
hunter in the prairies. London, Murray, 1853. 
xiv, 326 p. HCNWLD 423 

Reissued as The solitary hunter; or, Sporting adventures in the 
prairies. 8th thousand, London & New York, Routledge, 1856. 
xvi, 234 p. L 

Palliser went down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, stopping 
at Cairo to change steamers. 

1847 
Plaj^air, Robert. Recollections of a visit to the United 
States and British provinces of North America in the 
years 1847, 1848, and 1849. Edinburgh, etc., Con- 
stable, 1856. viii, 266 p. L 424 

Also, ibid., 1859. S 

Contains a description of Chicago and the surrounding 
country. 

1847-50 

French, A. W. Early reminiscences. Illinois State 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION i8i 

Historical Society, Transactions, 1901, pp. 60-62. 

UIHJCNWL 425 

Tells of a trip by the Mississippi and Ohio to St. Louis in 
1847, of Beardstown in 1848, and of traveling on the prairies in 
1850. 

1847-54 

Mackay, Alexander. The western world ; or, Travel in 
the United States in 1846-47, exhibiting them in their 
latest development, social, political and industrial 
. . . London, Bentley, 1849. 3 v., map. W 426 

2d ed., ibid. 3 v. UHNL — 3d ed., ibid., 1850. 3 V. N — 
From 2d London ed., Philadelphia, Lea & Blanchard, 1849. 2 v. 
IHCL — German ed., . . . deiitsch bearbeitet und mit Zusdtzen 
aus anderen Reisewerken, sowie nach den neusten statistischen 
Qtiellen bis zum Jahre 1854 vervollstdndigt von O. L. H[eubner]. 
Leipzig, Wigand, 1855. 4 v. S — Another German ed., trans, 
by Marie Heine, Leipzig, Kollman, 1861. 4 v. in 2. L 

Tells of a trip up the Mississippi to St. Louis, back down the 
Mississippi and up the Ohio. Mentions Cairo and gives 
glimpses of western life. 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1847-54 

Williams, W[ellington]. Appleton's Railroad and 
steamboat companion; being a travellers' guide 
through New England and the middle states, with 
routes in the southern and western states, and also in 
Canada . . . and containing full and accurate de- 
scriptions of all the principal cities, towns, villages, 
the natural and artificial ctiriosities in the vicinity of 
the routes, with distances, fares, &c . . . New 
York, Appleton, 1847. 325 p., maps. WLE 427 

Also, ibid., 1848. D — Reissued as ... guide through the 
United States . . . Ibid. 313 p., maps. HOWE — Reissued as 
Appleton^s Northern and eastern travellers' guide . . . Ibid., 
1850. 313 p., maps. LE — Ibid., 1851. 304 p., maps. E — 
Ibid., 1852. 313 p., maps. D — Ibid., 1853. 303 p., maps. 



i82 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

E — Ibid., 1854. 303 p., maps. E — Reissued in combination 
as Appleton's New and complete United States guide book for 
travellers; embracing the northern, eastern, southern, and western 
states (see no. 466). 

Describes routes to and in Illinois and contains a brief 
account of Chicago. 

1847-60 
Galena and Chicago Union Railroad Company. Report 
of the survey of the route ... by Richard P. Mor- 
gan, engineer. Chicago, Tribune, pr., 1847. 28 p., 
map. mo 428 

Also, Report of William B. Ogden, Esq., president of the com- 
pany; together with the reports of the engineer, secretary, and 
treasurer, read at the annual meeting of the stockholders, April 5, 
1848. Chicago, Stewart, etc., pr., 1848. 23 p. HD — Also, 2d 
to i6th annual reports, Chicago, 1849-63. (2d to 13th, HD; 
8th, 12th to i6th, I) 

Contain a considerable amoimt of information about the 
country along the route. 

1848 
City of Chicago, Illinois. (Commercial cities and 
towns of the United States, number vii.) Mer- 
chants' magazine (Hunt's), xviii, i 64-1 71 (Febru- 
ary, 1848). UHCNWL 429 

Commerce, internal improvements, statistics of exports and 
imports, and quotations of descriptions of Chicago and environs 
by Schoolcraft, Baldwin, and others. 

1848 

Descriptive pamphlet of Smith's leviathan panorama 

of the Mississippi River, painted by John R. Smith, 

Esq. . . . Philadelphia, 1848. 32 p. W 430 

Contains descriptions of Galena, the prairies of Illinois, 
Rock River, Rock Island, Nauvoo, etc. 

1848 
Einige Worte fiir Auswanderungs-lustige ; zusammen- 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 183 

gestellt nach Mittheilungen von friiher und neuer- 
dings ausgewanderten Deutschen und nach einigen 
liber die Auswanderung erschienen Schriften. Biele- 
feld, Kiister, 1849. 72 p. U 431 

Besides the special account of Illinois, occupying about a 
page, there are a considerable number of letters from Germans 
in America containing scattered information about conditions 
in Illinois. The preface is dated November, 1S48. 

1848 
The emigrant's handbook; or, A directory and guide 
for persons emigrating to the United States of Ameri- 
ca; containing advice and directions to emigrants, 
but especially to those designing to settle in the great 
western valley ; and also, a concise description of the 
states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, 
Missouri, and Iowa, and the western territories, and 
including a statement of the modes and expenses of 
travelling from New York to the interior, and an 
extensive list of routes in each state by steamboats, 
railroads, canals and stages, accompanied with a 
correct travelling map of the United States. New 
York, Colton, 1848. 136 p., map. DF 432 

Fifteen pages deal with Illinois— its surface, prairies, rivers, 
government, canals, routes of travel, and principal towns. 

1848 
Goodrich, C[harles] A. The family tourist; a visit to 
the principal cities of the western continent ; embrac- 
ing an account of their situation, origin, plan, extent, 
their inhabitants, manners, customs, and amuse- 
ments, and public works, institutions, edifices, &c., 
together with sketches of historical events. Phila- 
delphia, Bradley, 1848. xiv, 640 p. L 433 



i84 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Also, Hartford, Case, etc., 1848. xiv, 640 p. L — Reissued 
st.s Travels and sketches in North and South America . . . Ibid., 
1852. 704 p. L — Reissued as The land we live in . . . 
eincinnati, Rulison, etc., 1857. 879 p. WL 

Thirteen pages are devoted to Illinois with historical and 
descriptive sketches of Kaskaskia, Chicago, Galena, Nauvoo, 
and Springfield. 

1848 

Hall, James. The West ; its commerce and navigation. 

Cincinnati, Derby, 1848. vii, 328 p. UHCNWL 434 

Treats of the lake and river commerce of the West and the 
growth and trade of western cities. Some sections are re- 
printed from his Statistics of the West (no. 300) but the book 
contains a considerable amount of new material. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xix, 575 (November, 1848); 
Lamed, Literature of American history, no. 517. 

1848 
Information for emigrants ; in three parts : » - North 
America; 11 — New South Wales, Port Phillip, Cooks- 
land, South Austraha, and New Zealand ; iii — The 
Cape of Good Hope, Algoa Bay, and Port Natal; also 
a view of Canada, etc.; comprising an impartial 
account of the present state, prospects, and capabili- 
ties of each, their principal settlements, and the 
advantages they present to different classes of set- 
tlers; together with much useful information on all 
matters essential to the intending emigrant. Lon- 
don, Kent & Richards, 1848. 48, 52, 52 p. W 435 

The first part deals especially with the valleys of the Ohio 
and Mississippi — their soil, climate, and productions; routes 
to the West; etc. 

1848 
O'Donovan, Jeremiah. A brief account of the au- 
thor's interview with his countrymen, and of the 
parts of the Emerald Isle whence they emigrated; 



TEuiVEL AND DESCRIPTION 185 

together with a direct reference to their present 
location in the land of their adoption, during his 
travels through various states of the Union in 1854 
and 1855. Pittsburgh, author, 1864. 382 p. WL 

436 

O 'Donovan was the author of a history of Ireland in verse 
which he sold on his travels. His trips in 1854 and 1855 were 
principally in the East but the first part of the book tells of a 
trip in 1848 to St. Louis and up the river to Galena, stopping 
at Nauvoo on the way back. 

1848? 
Paulding, James K. Illinois and the prairies. Gra- 
ham's American monthly, xxxiv, 16-25 January, 
1849. HCNWL 437 

Tells of a trip up the Illinois River by steamboat and across 
the prairies to Chicago on horseback, with descriptions of towns 
along the way and of the canal. 

1848 

Peyton, John L. Over the Alleghanies and across the 

prairies; personal recollections of the far West one 

and twenty years ago. London, Simpkin, etc., 1869. 

xvi, 377 p. IHNL 438 

2d ed., ibid., 1870. xvi, 377 p. HOW 

Contemporary notes, somewhat touched up. Several 
chapters relate to Illinois and contain descriptions of Cairo, 
Alton, Springfield, Peoria, Galena, and Chicago. 

1848 
Pratt's River and railroad guide, with illustrated maps 
of the Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Illinois, and Hud- 
son rivers, and the connecting lines of railroad be- 
tween Boston and New Orleans, with correct table 
of distances . . . New York, Pratt [1848]. 122 p., 
maps. L 439 

Routes of travel to and in Illinois. 



i86 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1848 

Progress of America ; a pocket companion for politicians 

and travellers, lovers and ladies — housekeepers' 

[sic] and clerks. New York, New York Publishing 

Company, 1848. 64 p. W 440 

Outlines of routes of travel, list of railroads, etc. 

1848 

[Prout, H. A.] On the geology of the valley of the 

Mississippi. Western journal (Tarver & Risk's), 

I, 243-252 (May, 1848). UCW 441 

Treats of the Illinois coal field and other geological features 
of the state. 

1848 
Schmolder, B. Neuer practischer Wegweiser fiir Aus- 
wanderer nach Nord-Amerika. Mainz, author, 
1848-49. 3 parts. S 442 

2d ed., Mainz, 1855. 382 p. S 

The first part contains: "Oregon und Calif omien und All- 
gemeines iiber das Mississippi- und Missouri-Thai, femer: 
Anweisungen mit Zeitgewinn der besten und billigsten Lan- 
dereien und Pachtungen von Farmen, wie auch verschiedene 
Gewerbszweige in Stadten ausfindig zu machen, Klima, Boden, 
Produkte, Agrikultur- und Handelsverhaltnisse, Kosten-Ueber- 
schlag der vortheilhaftesten Reise-Routen zu Wasser und zu 
Land nach alien neuen Staaten und Gebieten bis an die West- 
Kiiste von Capitain B. Schmolder, Landereien -Agent der 
Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Amerika." The second part 
treats of: "Die mittleren Staaten der Union; topographische 
Beschreibung der Staaten von Missouri, Iowa, Wiskonsin, 
Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio und Arkansas, in Anhang: 
Boden-Werth und Preis-Verhaltnisse der in Kultur gesetzten 
Farmen imd Landereien eines jeden Staates und Cantons der 
Missouri-, Mississippi-, Illinois-, Ohio-, und Arkansas-Fluszge- 
biete, Texas, die Postrouten, Kanale, und Eisenbahnen nebst 
den Entfemungen der Hauptstadte obiger Staaten von ein- 
ander." The third part is a "Beschreibung des Staats- oder 
Congress-Landes in Iowa." 

Sabin lists issues of the first and second parts, 1848 and 1849 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 187 

each, of the third part, 1849 only. The Library of Congress 
has the first part and the "Anhang" to the second part. This 
last contains a detailed description of St. Clair, Madison, 
Adams, Jersey, Monroe, and Randolph counties with accounts 
of individual farms; also notes on other counties. 
Sabin, Dictionary. 

1848 
Sears, Robert. A new and popular pictorial descrip- 
tion of the United States; containing an account of 
the topography, settlement, history, revolutionary 
and other interesting events, statistics, progress in 
agriculture, manufactories, and population, etc., of 
each state in the Union. New York, Sears, 1848. 
608 p. UL 443 

26. ed., ibid., iS4g. 608 p. S — $th. ed., ibid. 608 p. W — 
Also as A pictorial description . . . New ed., rev. & enl., ibid., 
1853. viii, 648 p. D — Ibid., 1855. viii, 648, 13 p., map. 
H — Ibid, viii, 648 p. L 

The section of about twenty pages on Illinois is unchanged 
in the different editions. Contains curious engravings of 
Chicago and treats of emigration to the West. 

1848 

Thiimmel, A. R. Die Natur und das Leben in den 

Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika, in ihrer 

Licht- und Schattenseite nach den Schilderungen 

von Augenzeugen und den Brief en ausgewanderter 

Landsleute dargestellt. Erlangen, Palm, 1848. viii, 

521 p. L 444 

This compilation contains a number of extracts touching on 
Illinois, such as an account of the Mormons translated from 
Caswall (no. 370) and a description of the prairies, from 
Levinge (no. 328). 

1848 
Warner, I. W. The immigrant's guide, and citizen's 
manual; a work for immigrants of all classes to the 



i88 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

United States of North America; with directions and 
valuable information for travellers. New York, 
Caxton, 1848. vi, I72p. U 445 

The descriptive matter is general and touches Illinois only 
incidentally but the work contains tables of routes for immi- 
grants to and in Illinois and tables showing the distance, time, 
freight rate, and passenger fare by railroad and steamboat from 
various places to Chicago and to Galena. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xix, 463 (October, 1848). 

1848 
Weichardt, Karl. Die Vereinigten Staaten von Nord- 
America und deren Territorien, nebst einem Blick auf 
Kanada, dargestellt nach einer Anzahl der neusten 
und besten Reise- und andere Werke . . . Leipzig, 
Weichardt, 1848. x, 448 p., map. UL 446 

Also issued anonymously as Reisen durch die Vereinigten 
Staaten . . . Leipzig, Weichardt, 1848. x, 448 p., map. 
(Harnisch & Heinzlemann, Die Weltkunde . . . , iv.) L 

Contains a description of Illinois occupying several pages. 

Sabin, Dictionary, no. 69143. 

1848 

Witlenborger, J.- Der Rathgeber und Wegweiser fur 

Auswanderer nach den Vereinigten Staaten von 

Nordamerika und Texas inBeziehung atif Ueberfahrt, 

Ankunft, Ansiedslung, Arbeitslohn, Boden, Gesund- 

heit, Verfassung, Kanale, Eisenbahnen, Miinzen, 

Maasze, und Gewichte, etc., von J. Witlenborger, 

Gutsbesitzer im Staat Ohio. 2d ed., enl. & impr., 

Heilbronn, Dreschler, 1848. 144 p., map. W 447 

Three pages treat of Illinois. No copy of the first edition has 
been located. 

1848-49 
[Tarver, M.] A system of internal improvement for the 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 189 

West. Western journal (Tarver & Risk's), ii, 1-8 

(January, 1849). UCW 448 

Discusses the existing and proposed improvements in Illinois, 
See ibid., in, 248 (January, 1850), for a statement of the railroad 
situation in the state in 1849. 

1849 
Audubon, John W. Audubon's Western journal : 1 849- 
1850 being the MS. record of a trip from New York 
to Texas, and an overland journey through Mexico 
and Arizona to the gold-fields of California . . . 
introduction, notes, and index by Frank Heywood 
Hodder . . . Cleveland, Clark, 1906. 249 p., map. 

ICNWL 449 

Audubon went down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, stopping 
at Cairo to which he devotes a few paragraphs. These are 
reprinted in John M. Lansden, Cairo, 251, 252 (Chicago, 1910). 

American historical review, xii, 149-152 (October, 1906). 

1849 

Brieven uit en over de Vereenigde St at en van Noord- 

Amerika door Jonathan [pseudonym] ; uitgegeven met 

eene inleiding en bijschrift door dr. E. B. Swalue 

. . . Schoonhoven, Van Nooten, 1853. xiv, 304P., 

map. L 450 

Devotes a couple of pages to Illinois and its principal cities. 

1849 
Hospers, John. Diary of a journey from the Nether- 
lands to Pella, Iowa, in 1849; translated from the 
Dutch by Jacob Van Der Zee. Iowa journal of history 

and politics, x, 363-382 (July, 19 12). UIHCNWL 451 

Hospers and his party traveled by steamer on the lakes to 
Chicago, by canal boat and steamer to Peoria, and by stage to 
Burlington, Iowa. His notes on this part of the trip are brief 
but interesting. 

1849? 
Houstoun, Mrs. [Matilda C] Hesperos ; or, Travels in 



iQO ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

the West. London, Parker, 1850. 2 v. UMHNWL 

452 

All that is of interest for Illinois is an account of a steamboat 
trip down the Ohio with a brief description of Cairo. 

1849 

Kelly, William. Across the Rocky Mountains, from 

New York to California ; with a visit to the celebrated 

Mormon colony at the Great Salt Lake. London, 

Simms & M'Intyre, 1852. 240 p. HCNL 453 

Kelly reached Chicago by stage from Niles, Michigan, 
traveled by stage to Peru and by steamer to St. Louis. His 
impressions of America were mostly unfavorable. 

1849 

Seymour, E. Sanford. Sketches of Minnesota, the 

New England of the West; with incidents of travel 

in that territory during the simimer of 1 849 . . . New 

York, Harper, 1850. 231 p., map. UHCNWL 454 

Contains some descriptive matter on Galena and the Fever 
River region and information about routes and expenses of 
travel from Chicago to Galena. 

1849 
Smith, Sidney. The settler's new home; or. The 
emigrant's location, being a guide to emigrants in 
the selection of a settlement . . . British America, 
— Canada . . . the United States ; including New 
England, the western states, the slave states, Texas, 
California . . . London, Kendrick, 1849. 106 p. 
NLD 455 

Reissued as The settler^s new home; or, Whether to go, and 
whither? . . . Ibid., 1859. HL 

Illinois is treated in six pages with especial reference to agri- 
cultural conditions and opportunities for emigrants. Free use 
is made of the works of Flower, Stuart, Shirreff, and other 
travelers (nos. 140, 165, 221, 263). 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 191 

1849-50 

Casey, Charles. Two years on the farm of Uncle Sam ; 

with sketches of his location, nephews and prospects. 

London, Bentley, 1852. ix, 311 p. UL 456 

Contains accounts of a trip down the Ohio in 1849, with a 
description of Cairo and of a visit to Illinois in 1850 with 
descriptions of the prairies. 

1849-51 

Menzel, Gottfried. Die Vereinigten Staaten von 

Nordamerika mit besonderen Riicksicht auf deutsche 

Auswanderung dahin nach eigener Anschauung 

beschrieben . . . Berlin, Reimer, 1853. viii, 364P. 

UL 457 

Menzel traveled in America from 1849 to 1851. His book 
is not, however, a narrative of his travels but an account of the 
geography, natural resources, inhabitants, history, government 
and agriculture of the United States ; together with a section on 
German emigration. The arrangement is topical rather than 
geographical and the work contains only scattered information 
about Illinois. 

1849-53 
Fisher, Richard S. The book of the world: being an 

account of all republics, empires, kingdoms, and 
nations, in reference to their geography, statistics, 
commerce, &c. ; together with a brief historical out- 
line of their rise, progress, and present condition, &c. 
New York, Colton, 1849. 2 v. E 458 

Also, fiiJ., 1850. 2 V. A — Ibid., 1850-$!. 2 v., maps. L — 
Ibid., 1852. 2 v., maps. WL — 3d ed., corr., ibid., 1853. 2 v. 
S 

The section devoted to Illinois, which occupies eight pages, 
resembles closely the Illinois sections of Colton's guides. (See 
nos. 348, 468.) It deals with the geography, geology, population, 
agriculture, manufactures, commerce, education, religion, 
government and history of the state. The 1852 edition con- 
tains statistics for 1850. 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xxi, 138 Quly, 1849). 



192 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1850 
Bremer, Fredrika. Hemmen i den nya verlden; en 
dagbok i bref , skrifna under tvenne ars resor i Norra 
Amerika och pa Cuba . . . Stockholm, Norstedt, 

1853-54- 3 V. L 459 

Also Stockholm, 1866. 2 v. S — English ed., The homes of 
the new world; impressions of America . . . London, Hall, 1853. 
3 V. HL — New York, Harper, 1853. 2 v. UWL — Ibid., 1854. 
2 V. N — German ed., Stuttgart, 1853. 3 v. S — Leipzig, 
Brockhaus, 1854-55. 9 parts. S — Dutch ed., Haarlem, 
Kruseman, 1854. 2 parts. S — French ed., Paris, Du Puget, 
1854-55. 3 V. S — German ed. in her Gesammelte Schriften, 
xxi-xxix (Leipzig, Brockhaus, 1858). C 

Miss Bremer traveled in northern IlHnois and southern 
Wisconsin with stops at Chicago and Galena, then up the Mis- 
sissippi to St. Paul, down to St. Louis, and later by the rivers to 
Cincinnati. Several of her letters contain interesting descrip- 
tions of Illinois towns, prairies, and homes, and she notes 
especially the condition of Scandinavian immigrants. 
Tuckerman, America, 298. 

1850 
Cunynghame, Lieut. Col. Arthur [A. T.] A glimpse at 
the great western republic . . . London, Bentley, 
1 85 1. 337 P- ICWL 460. 

Also, ibid., i8s2. E — Ibid., 186$. 337 p. S 
The writer was a British officer who traveled by way of the 
lakes to Chicago, down the canal to La Salle, via Princeton and 
Cambridge to Rock Island, and then down the Mississippi. 
He stopped at several places to himt and his accounts of ex- 
periences and descriptions of the country and people are 
interesting and valuable. His description of Cairo is reprinted 
in John M. Lansden, Cairo, 252, 253 (Chicago, 1910). 

1850 

Drake, Daniel. A systematic treatise, historical, 

etiological and practical, on the principal diseases of 

the interior valley of North America, as they appear 

in the Caucasian, African, Indian, and Esquimaux 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 193 

varieties of its population. Cincinnati, Smith, 1850. 
xvi, 878 p., maps. UIHL 461 

Has sections on the American bottom, the Upper Mississippi, 
the Kaskaskia, Illinois, and Rock river basins, the Lake Michigan 
basin, etc. These contain topographical data and historical 
notes as well as etiological information. There is also a 2d 
series, Philadelphia, Lippincott, etc., 1854. 985 p. 

For a review, see "Das innere Thalbecken von Nord Ameri- 
ka," in Das Westland (Andree's), i, 199-208 (Bremen, Schune- 
mann, 1852). See also, Edward D. Mansfield, Memoirs of 
the life and services of Daniel Drake (Cincinnati, Applegate, 
1855)- 

1850 

A gazetteer of the world; or, Dictionary of geographical 
knowledge, compiled from the most recent authori- 
ties, and forming a complete body of modem geog- 
raphy, political, statistical, historical and ethnologi- 
cal ; edited by a member of the Royal Geographical 
Society. Edinburgh, etc., Fullerton [1850-56]. 14 v., 
maps. NW 462 

Also, ibid. 7 v., maps. NL 

The best and most complete general gazetteer of the period. 
The article on Illinois fills six columns. 
Sabin, Dictionary. 

1850 
Koch, Fr[iedrich] C. L. Die Mineral-Gegenden der Ver- 
einigten Staaten Nord-Amerika's am Lake Superior, 
Michigan, und am obem Mississippi, Wisconsin, Illi- 
nois, Iowa; ein Leitfaden fiir deutsche Auswanderer, 
namentlich fiir Berg- und Hiittenleute, sowie fiir 
Waldarbeiter und Handwerker; entworfen nach 
eigener Anschauung und Erfahrung. Gottingen, 
Bandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1851. 72 p. UI 463 

Koch quotes extensively from Owen, Report (no. 340), on 
the Galena region but also gives his own observations. 



194 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1850 

Quentin, Karl. Reisebilder und Studien aus dem 

Norden der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. 

Arnsberg, Grote, 1851. 2 parts in i v. WL 464 

The writer reached Chicago by way of the lakes, traveled 
somewhat in northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin by stage 
and railroad, then went by canal and rivers to St. Louis, and 
later returned to the East by the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. 
He describes at some length the country traversed and com- 
ments on western politics, the Germans in the West, and the 
Catholic Church in America. 

1850 

Sullivan, ^^V Edward [R.] Rambles and scrambles in 

North and South America. London, Bentley, 1852. 

424 p. NWL 465 

Tells of a trip from Galena via Peru, Peoria, and Springfield 
to St. Louis, with notes on the character of the western press, 
religious controversies, etc. 

1850-55 
Williams, W[ellington]. Appleton's Southern and 
western travellers' guide, with new and authentic 
maps illustrating those divisions of the country; and 
containing sectional maps of the Mississippi and Ohio 
rivers; with plans of cities, views, etc.; forming a 
complete guide to . . . the tour of the great rivers 
of the West ; the great lakes . . . and containing the 
principal cities, towns, and villages, with distances, 
fares, etc. New York, Appleton, 1850. 140 p., 
maps. HE 466 

Also iif^., 1851. B — Ibid., 185S' C — Ibid., 185$. 140 p., 
maps. E — Reissued in combination with Appleton's Northern 
and eastern travellers' guide (see no. 427) as Appleton's New and 
complete United States guide book for travellers; embracing the 
northern, eastern, southern, and western states . . . Ibid., 1850. 
2 V. in I, maps. WE — Ibid., 1851. B — Rev. ed., ibid., 1853. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 195 

B — Ibid., 1854 (1854, 1853). 2 V. in i. IL — New & rev. ed., 
ibid., 1855. D 

Contains routes of travel to and in Illinois and notes on the 
principal towns of the state. 

1850-58 
Cobb, Charles. American railway guide and pocket 
companion for the United States; containing correct 
tables for time of starting from all stations, distances, 
fares, etc., on all the railway lines in the United 
States, together with a complete railway map; also 
many stage lines running in connection with railroads. 
New York, Dinsmore, August, 1850. 128 p., map. 

L 467 

Also, ibid., 1851. 160 p., map. U — April, 1851. A — 
Edited by R. S. Fisher, May, 1852. E — May, 1853. A — 
July, 1853. E — August, 1853. E — September, 1853. AE — 
April, 1854. A — May, 1854. 224 p., map. L — July, 1854. 
A — January, 1855. E — July, 1855. 224 p. L — January, 
1857. S — April, 1858. A 

Announced as "corrected and published on the ist of every 
month." Contains time-tables of various Illinois railroads, 
with distances, fares, names of officers, and steamboat con- 
nections; also tables for steamboats on the western rivers and 
packets on the Illinois and Michigan canal. The map shows 
several roads under construction in Illinois. Cobb's name does 
not appear on the later editions. 

1850-59 
Colton^s Traveler and tourist's guide-book through the 
United States; containing the routes and distances 
on the great lines of travel by railroads, canals, 
stage-roads, and steamboats, together with descrip- 
tions of the several states, and of the principal cities, 
towns, and villages in each. New York, Colton, 
1850. H 468 

Also, ibid., i8$i. xiv, 250 p., map. W — Ibid., 18^4. 250 p. 
— Ibid., 1856. xiv, 250 p., map. L — Compiled by Richard 



196 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

S. Fisher, ibid., 1857. xix, 354 p., map. L — Also issued in part 
as Cotton's Traveler and tourist's route-book . . . Ibid., 1854. 
134 p., map. L — By Richard S. Fisher, New York, Johnson 
& Browning, 1859. xix, 227 p. S 

The Guide-book has a four-page account of Illinois similar to 
that in the Western tourist (no. 348). Both the Guide-book and 
the Route-book contain routes of travel to and in the state. 

1850-77 
Johnston, Alex[ander] K. Dictionary of geography, 
descriptive, physical, statistical, and. historical, form- 
ing a complete general gazetteer of the world. 
London, Longmans, etc., 1850. viii, 1432 p. A 469 

Also, ibid., 1851. viii, 1432 p. L — Ibid., 1852. E — 
New ed., rev. to February, 1862, ibid., 1862. 1360 p. S — 
New ed., ibid., 1868. C — New ed., rev., ibid., 1877. 1513 p. L 

The usual gazetteer with a half column article on IlHnois and 
notices of the towns and rivers in the state. 

1851 
Ampere, J[ean] J. Promenade en Amerique; Etats- 
Unis — Cuba — Mexique . . . Paris, Levy, 1855. 

2 V. L 470 

New ed., rev., ibid., i860. 2 v. UL — 3d ed., ibid. 2 v. 
I — New ed., abridged, ibid., 1874. xliii, 299 p. L 

Contains an interesting account of Chicago and environs; 
also general chapters on such topics as religion and education in 
the United States. 

Tuckerman, America, 142-146. 

1851 
Andrea, Karl. Nord-Amerika in geographischen und 
geschichtlichen Umrissen; mit besonderer Beriick- 
sichtigung der Eingeborenen und der indianischen 
Alterthiimer, der Einwanderung und der Ansiedel- 
ungen, der Ackerbaues, der Gewerbe, der Schifffahrt 
und des Handels. Braunschweig, Westerman, 1851. 
xiii, 810 p. WL 471 

2d ed., ibid,, 1854. xiii, 810 p. U 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 197 

Besides general and historical chapters, this work has 
special sections descriptive of each of the states. Considerable 
space is devoted to the Germans in America. For accompany- 
ing atlas, see Lange (no. 521). 

1851 
Bowen, Eli. The United States post-office guide; re- 
view of the post-office establishment in the United 
States, exposition of the scheme of distribution, list 
of all the post-offices in the United States, the mail, 
railroad, canal, and steam-boat routes. New York, 
Appleton, 1851. 354 p., map. L 472 

Besides routes in IlHnois, this gives a list of all postoffices 
with postmasters' names. 

1851 
Curtiss, Daniel S. Western portraiture and emi- 
grant's guide; a description of Wisconsin, Illinois, 
and Iowa; with remarks on Minnesota, and other 
territories. New York, Colton, 1852. 351 p., map. 
UMIHCNWL 473 

German ed. as Der deutschen Wegweiser nach den Staaten 
Wisconsin, Illinois tmd Iowa . . . Ibid. 180 p., map. W 

Based in part on personal observation, this is one of the 
best descriptive books of the period. The first part is in the 
form of "trips" from Buffalo by the lakes to Chicago and by 
the Illinois and Mississippi rivers to St. Paul with descriptions 
of the towns and counties along the route. Later a section of 
about a hundred pages is devoted to a more formal description 
of the state of Illinois, its towns, counties, people, rivers, canals, 
and railroads. Another section contains extensive extracts 
from letters written by a Mr. Thompson while traveling down 
the Illinois and up the Mississippi rivers in the summer of 1851 ; 
his accounts of Chicago, La Salle, Peoria, Jacksonville, and 
Galena being of especial interest. Valuable, also, is the list 
of papers and periodicals in Illinois which gives the location of 
each, its frequency of publication, and its political or other 
character. 

1851 
Davis, W. W. A trip from Pennsylvania to Illinois in 



198 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1 85 1. Illinois State Historical Society, Trans- 
actions, 1904, pp. 198-204. UIHJCNWL 474 

Reminiscences of a trip down the Ohio and up the Mississippi 
to Alton followed by travels by rail, stage, and steamboat in 
central and northern Illinois. 

1851 
Mackinnon, Capt. [Lauchlan B.] Atlantic and trans- 
atlantic sketches, afloat and ashore. London, Col- 
bum, 1852. 2 V. CWL 475 

Also, New York, Harper, 1852. 324 p. WL 
Mackinnon visited Chicago and devotes several pages to 
description and comments thereon. 

1851 
[Neal, David A.] IlHnois Central rail road. n. p. [1851]. 

24 p. U . . ^^^ 

Reprinted as "Illinois Central rail road, its position and 
prospects," in Documents relating to the organization of the 
Illinois Central Rail-road Company, 70-96 (see no. 486). UIHC 

Treats of the mineral and agricultural resources of the state 
and of its geographical character, with reference to the prospects 
of the railroad, Neal was vice-president of the company. 

1851 

Rantoul, Robert, Jr. Letter to Robert Schuyler, Esq., 

president of the Illinois Central Railroad Company, 

on the value of the public lands of IlHnois. Boston, 

Damrell & Moore, 1851. 40 p. HNWD 477 

Reprinted in Documents relating to the organization of the 
Illinois Central Rail-road Company, 97-141 (see no. 486). UIHC 

Treats of the accessibility of the state to emigrants, the 
productivity of the soil, rapid increase of population, sale of 
land, and prospects of future developments. Rantoul was one 
of the directors of the company. 

1851 
Rosenberg, C[harles] G. Jenny Lind in America. 
New York, Stringer & Townsend, 1851. 226 p. 
CNWL 478 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 199 

Contains a description of Cairo as seen on the trip up the 
Mississippi to St. Louis. 

1851 

Ross, George M. v[on]. Das Auswanderers Handbuch ; 

getreue Schilderung der Vereinigten Staaten von 

Nordamerika und zuverlassiger Rathgeber fiir 

dahin Auswandernde jedes Standes, von George M. 

V. Ross aus Nordamerika redact, der Allgemeinen 

Auswanderungs-Zeitung. Elberfeld & Iserlohn, 

Badeker, 1851. xii, 509 p. (Neuste Ldnderkunde 

mit besonderer Beziehung auf deutsche Auswanderung 

und Kolonization, ill.) DF 479 

The special section on Illinois occupies seven pages. 

1851 

Watkin, Edward W. A trip to the United States and 

Canada; in a series of letters. London, Smith, 1852. 

xii, 149 p. UWL 480 

Tells of a visit to Chicago, describes the prairies, and com- 
ments on the western states. 

1851 
Wells, William [F.] Western scenery; or. Land and 
river, hill and dale, in the Mississippi Valley, litho- 
graphed from original sketches; literary department 
by William Wells. Cincinnati, Onken, 1851. 52 p., 
17 plates. IL 481 

Views and descriptions of the "Devil's bake-oven," the 
"Grand tower," and the city of Galena. 

1851-52 
Busch, Moritz. Wanderungen zwischen Hudson und 
Mississippi, 185 1 und 1852 . . . Stuttgart & Tub- 
ingen, Cotta, 1854. 2 v. {Reisen und Ldnderbeschrei- 
bungen, xxxix-XL.) IJWL 482 



200 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Tells of a visit to Belleville and treats of the Mormons and 
the situation of the Germans in America. 

1851-52 
[Jorg, Eduard.] Briefe aus den Vereinigten Staaten 
von Nord Amerika. Leipzig, Weber, 1853. 2 v. CL 

483 

The letters are written from Highland, Illinois, and throw- 
light on agricultural operations and the conditions of the 
Germans in America. 

1851-55 
Massey, S[tephen] L. James' Traveler's companion; 
being a complete guide through the western states; 
to the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific via the Great 
Lakes, rivers, canals, etc., giving full and accurate 
descriptions of all places on and in the vicinity of the 
western waters . . . also containing all the principal 
stage, steamboat, and railroad routes in the West 
. . . the whole brought down to the present time. 
Cincinnati, James, 1 85 1. 224 p., maps. L 484 

Reissued in combination with James' Railroad and route 
book (no. 507), ibid., 1853. 2 parts in i v. L — Reissued in 
part as Routes of the Missouri River, Illinois River, and northern 
lakes, with descriptions of towns, general features of the country, 
statistics, tables of distances, b'c.f&c. . . . Ibid., 18$$. 158-185 
p. L 

Contains notes on the towns and rivers of Illinois. Entered 
on the Library of Congress cards under James (U[riah] P.), but 
Massey 's name appears on the title-page of the first edition. 

1851-58 
Williams, W[ellington]. The traveller's and tourist's 
guide through the United States of America, Canada, 
etc., containing the routes of travel . . . with other 
valuable information; accompanied by an entirely 
new and authentic map of the United States. Phila- 
delphia, Lippincott, ^/c, 185 1. 216 p., map. L 485 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 201 

Also, ibid., 1853. 216 p., map. UW — Ibid., 1854. 216 p., 
map. H — Ibid., 18$$. 246 p., map. L — Ibid., 1856. D — 
Ibid., 1858. 246 p., map. U 

Gives routes to and in Illinois and information about rates 
and facilities of transportation. 

1851-65 
Illinois Central Rail-road Company. [Report of the 
president, Robert Schuyler] to the directors [dated 
New York, September 12, 1851]. Documents relating 
to the organization of the Illinois Central Rail-road 
Company, 49-56. (New York, Roe, pr., 1851. 

146 p.) UIH 486 

2d ed., ibid., 1852. 148 p. HC — Also, Report to the directors 
. . . by a committee . . . on the progress and condition of the 
work. New York, 1853. S — Also, Report of the directors to the 
stockholders, March 16, 18^ j. New York, Roe, pr., 1853. 18 p. 
UH — Also, Report of the Illinois Central Rail-road Company, 
March ij, 1854. Ibid., 1854. 32, [12] p. H — Also, Report 
and accompanying documents . . . made by order of the stock- 
holders at their annual meeting held at Chicago, March ig, 18 j6. 
Ibid., 1856. 47 p. HN — Also, Report and accounts for the year 
ending jist Decetnber 1856 presented to the stockholders, i8th 
March, 1857. 10 p. H — Continued annually for the years 
1857-65. H 

Some of these reports, and especially the earlier ones, contain 
general descriptive material on the state and notes on the 
country and towns along the line of the road. The Illinois 
State Historical Library has a third edition of the Documents 
relating to the organization {ibid., 1855. 73, 63 p.), which con- 
tains only legal documents — statutes, deeds and mortgages. 

1851-90 
Geological survey of IlHnois, A. H. Worthen, director 
. . . published by authority of the legislature of Illi- 
nois. [Springfield, State journal, etc.] 1866-90. 8 v. 
in 9, maps. UIHJCNL 487 

Reprinted in part as Economical geology of Illinois . . . 
Springfield, Rokker, pr. [1882]. 2 v. UHNJ — Also, Report of 
progress of the state geological survey, communicated to the 
Illinois legislature, at their session of 18 jj. Springfield, Lan- 



202 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

phier & Walker, pr., 1853. 13 p. — Also in 18 General As- 
sembly, House reports, 83-93 {ibid.) UIHJCNW — Also, Report 
of the Committee on the Geological Survey . . . February 10, 1857 

— Wesley Sloan, Esq., chairman. Ibid., iS^y. 12 p. L — Also 
in 20 General Assembly, Reports, 413-422 (ibid.) UIHJCNWL 

— Also, Abstract of a report on Illinois coals; with descriptions 
and analyses, and a general notice of the coal fields . . . by J. G. 
Norwood, state geologist. Chicago, Daily press, 1857. 93 p., 
map. HJN 

The geological survey was begun in 1851 with Norwood as 
state geologist. The various reports contain much information 
about the topography and resources of the state. 

1852 
Andrews, Israel D. Communication from the sec- 
retary of the treasury, transmitting in compliance 
with a resolution of the Senate of March 8, 1851, the 
report of Israel D. Andrews, consul of the United 
States for Canada and New Brunswick, on the trade 
and commerce of the British North American colonies 
and upon the trade of the Great Lakes and rivers; 
also, notices of the internal improvements in each 
state, of the Gulf of Mexico and Straits of Florida, 
and a paper on the cotton crop of the United States. 
Washington, Armstrong, pr,, 1853. xix, 906 p. & 
atlas of 4 maps. (32 Congress, i session, Senate 
executive documents, no. 112, serial 622-623.) UJCNWL 

488 

Also, ibid, xix, 907 p. (32 Congress, 2 [i.e. i] session. House 
executive documents, no. 136, serial 651.) UIHJCNWL — Wash- 
ington, Tucker, 1854. viii, 851 p. & atlas of 4 maps. JL 

Describes Chicago and environs and the canals and railroads 
of Illinois. 

1852 

Beste, J[ohn] Richard. The Wabash; or. Adventures 

of an English gentleman's family in the interior of 

America . . . London, Hurst &Blackett, 1855. 2 v. 

MIHNWL 489 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 203 

The "adventures" were in Indiana rather than Illinois but 
the book is valuable for information about western life and 
custom. 

1852 
De Bow, J[ames] D. B. The industrial resources, etc., 
of the southern and western states; embracing a 
view of their commerce, agriculture, manufactures, 
internal improvements, slave and free labor, slavery 
institutions, products, &c., of the South; together 
with historical and statistical sketches of the different 
states and cities of the Union . . . New Orleans, 
etc., De Bow's Review, 1852-53. 3 v. UL 490 

Also ibid., 1853. 3 v. INL — 2d ed., as Encyclopedia of trade 
and commerce of the United States . . . New York, 1854, 2 v. 
S — London, 1854. 3 V. B — 3d ed., as The industrial re- 
sources, statistics, etc., of the United States . . . New York & 
London, 1854. 3 v. in i. W — Reissued in part as The southern 
states . . . Washington & New Orleans, 1856. 560 p. L 

Encyclopedic in form and compiled largely from De Bow's 
Review. There is no separate heading for Illinois but informa- 
tion about the state is to be foimd under some of the general 
headings. 

1852 
Ellet, Mrs. [Elizabeth F. L.] Summer rambles in the 
West. NewYork, Riker, 1853. viii, 268 p. UMIHWL 

491 

Mrs. Ellet gives an entertaining account of extensive travels 
in northern and central Illinois, by railroad, steamboat and 
stage. She describes the various towns through which she 
passed and tells of a visit with relatives at Bunker Hill in 
Madison Coimty. 

1852 
Fisher, Richard S. A new and complete statistical 
gazetteer of the United States of America, founded on 
and compiled from official federal and state returns, 
and the seventh national census. New York, Colton, 
1853. 960 p. UHCWL 492 



204 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Also, ibid., i8s5. 960 p. L — Ibid., i8s8. 960 p. E 
The usual alphabetical gazetteer with a long general article 
on Illinois. 

1852 
Froebel, Julius. Aus Amerika; Erfahrungen, Reisen, 
und Studien. Leipzig, Weber, 1857-58. 2 v. L 

493 

English ed., as Seven years^ travel in Central America, northern 
Mexico, and the Far West of the United States. London, Bentley, 
1859. xiv, 587 p. CN — French ed. as A travers I'Amerique 
. . . Bruxelles, Lacroix, etc.; etc., 1861. 2 v. C 

Tells briefly of a trip down the Ohio and up the Mississippi 
to St. Louis. 

1852 

Goodrich, S[amuel] G. Les Eitats Unis d'Amerique; 

apergu statistique, historique, geographique, in- 

dustriel et social, a Tusage de ceux qui recherchent 

des renseignements precis sur cette partie du Nou- 

veau Monde. Paris, Guillaiunin, 1852. xvi, 376 p. 

ND 494 

Dutch ed., Amsterdam, Binger, 1854. xiv, 370 p. L 
Contains a seven-page section on Illinois. 

1852 
Kohler, CarL Briefe aus Amerika ; ein lehrreicher Weg- 
weiser fur deutsche Auswanderer und unterhaltendes 
Lesebuch fiir Gebildete jeden Standes; nebst einer 
Uebersicht der amerikanischen Munzen, des Ein- 
gangszolls der gev^^ohnlichsten Einfuhr Artikel, der 
Dampfschiffverbindungen zwischen Europa und 
Nord-Amerika, der Eisenbahn- Kanalboot- und 
Dampfschiffverbindungen von New York aus nach 
den verschiedenen Theilen der Union, und der Ent- 
fernungen der amerikanischen Hauptstadte von einan- 
der ; bearbeitet von Carl Kohler. Darmstadt, Lange, 
1852. vi, 234p. 495 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 205 

2d ed., enl. & impr., ibid., 1854. viii, 288 p. WL — 3d ed., 
ibid., 1856. viii, 288 p. S 

The preface, dated March, 1852, and signed by the pubHsher, 
states that the letters were written by a young German to his 
"Verwandten in der Heimath." He traveled by steamboat 
down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to St. Louis, spent a 
month or two on a farm at "Pattsfield's Grove Settlement" 
in St. Clair County, Illinois, and then went on up the Mississippi 
and Illinois rivers and across to Chicago. Besides telHng of the 
trip, three of the letters, written from the farm, tell of social 
and agricultural conditions, especially among the German 
emigranis. 

1852? 

Murray, Henry A. Lands of the slave and the free ; or, 

Cuba, the United States, and Canada, by Captain the 

Hon. Henry A. Murray . . . London, Parker, 1855. 

2 v., maps. UW 496 

2d ed., London, Routledge, 1857. xxiii, 480 p., maps. CNL 
Contains an account of a trip down the Ohio and up the 
Mississippi to St. Louis and then down to New Orleans, with 
comments on Cairo, and an account of the Mormons. The 
general chapters in the second volume bear somewhat on 
Illinois. 

1852 
Prescott, Thomas H. The volume of the world; em- 
bracing geography, history and statistics of the 
nations of the world. Columbus, Ohio, 1852. 497 

Also, ibid., iS$ 4. 1000 p. C — Ibid., 18$$. W 
Contains a four-page account of Illinois. According to Sabin, 
Prescott is a pseudonym for William O. Blake. 

1852 
Sketches of the upper Mississippi, by the author of 
"Three weeks in Cuba." Harper's New monthly 
magazine, vii, 177-190 (June, 1853). UJCNWL 498 

Describes a trip from Rockford to Galena and up the Missis- 
sippi. 



2o6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1852 

Die Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika im Jahre 

1852; eine statistische Uebersicht mit besonderer 

Riicksicht auf deutsche Auswanderer zusammenge- 

stellt. Kiel, AkademischeBuchhandlung, 1853. iv, 

76 p. L 499 

General descriptive and statistical matter and routes of 
travel to and in Illinois. 

1852-53 
Mattson, H[ans]. Minnen, af oferste H. Mattson. 

Lund, Gleemp [1890]. viii, 369 p. L 500 

English ed. as Reminiscences; the story of an emigrant. . . 
St. Paul, Merrill, 189 1. 314 p. L — Ibid., i8g2. 314 p. CL 

Mattson arrived in Chicago in the summer of 1852 and trav- 
eled by canal-boat and wagon to Rock Island via La Salle and 
Galesburg. Later he went to Galena by steamboat, by stage 
to Freeport, and by rail to Chicago. He lived in Moline for a 
while and finally located in Minnesota. 

Nelson, Scandinavians in the United States, i, 275. 

1853 

Baldwin, Thomas, & J[oseph] Thomas. A new and 

complete gazetteer of the United States, giving a 
full and comprehensive review of the present condi- 
tion, industry, and resources of the American con- 
federacy, embracing also important topographical, 
statistical, and historical information, from recent 
and original sources ; together with the results of the 
census of 1 850, and population and statistics in many 
cases to 1853. Philadelphia, Lippincott, etc., 1854. 
1364 p., map. (Lippincott, Grambo & Co.' s Gazetteers.) 
CWL 501 

1853 
Callicot, T[heophilus] Carey. Hand-book of universal 
geography; being a gazetteer of the world. New 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 207 

York, Putnam, 1853. iv, 856 p. (Putnam's Home 
encyclopedia [no. 5].) L 502 

2d ed., rev., New York, Barnes, 1854. iv, 856 p. UW 
The usual alphabetical gazetteer. Based on Johnston, 
Dictionary of geography (no. 469). 

1853 
Fanning's Illustrated gazetteer of the United States, 
giving the location, physical aspect, mountains, rivers, 
lakes, climate, productive and manufacturing re- 
sources, commerce, government, education, general 
history, etc., of the states, territories, counties, cities, 
towns, and post-offices in the American Union, with 
the population and other statistics from the census of 
1850 . . . New York, Phelps, etc., 1853. 400 p., 
maps. HL 503 

The article on Illinois fills two columns. 

1853 
Fisher, Richard S., & Charles Colby. American 

statistical annual for the year 1854; compiled from 

authentic sources. New York, Colton, 1854. 537 p. 

CWL 504 

Also, . . . for the year 1854-5. Ibid., 1855. 537 p. WL 
General statistics of population, finance, production, educa- 
tional institutions, railroads and canals, and a section devoted 
to each state. The two volumes appear to be exactly the same 
except for the title-page. The Illinois section occupies ten 
pages and deals with geography, history, government, popula- 
tion, finances, education and commerce. 

1853 

The Great Lakes; their cities and trade. De Bow's 

Review, xv, 359-384 (October, 1853). JCNWL 505 

Several pages are devoted to a description of Chicago and 
the canals and railroads of Illinois. 



2o8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1853 
Great Western R. R. Co. State of Illinois : report of 

the directors to the stockholders. New York, Roe, 

pr., 1853. 44 p., map. H 506 

Brief notes on country and places along the line of the road 
from Naples to Danville — now the Wabash, The road was 
tinder construction from Springfield east at the time. 

1853 
Griswold, J. James' Rail road and route book for the 
western and southern states. Cincinnati, James, 
1853- 69 p. L 507 

Also in combination with James^ Traveler's companion (no. 

484). L 

Contains routes of travel to and in Illinois. 

1853 

Hayward, John. A gazetteer of the United States of 

America ... to which are added valuable statistical 

tables and a map of the United States. Hartford, 

Case, etc., 1853. 861 p., map. UWL 508 

Besides the general gazetteer this contains a four-page de- 
scription of Illinois; information, with lists, about colleges, 
schools, banks, manufacturing and railroads in the state; 
census statistics; and a list of postoffices arranged by counties. 

1853 
Phelps, [Humphrey]. Phelps' Hundred cities and large 
towns of America ; with railroad distances throughout 
the United States, maps of thirteen cities, and other 
embellishments. New York, Phelps, etc., 1853. 80 p. 
inch 13 maps. UWL 509 

Also, New York, Ensign, etc., 1854. 80 p. D 
Contains descriptions of Chicago, Springfield, and Galena; 
a map of Chicago, and information about stage-routes. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 209 

1853 
Reynolds, John. Sketches of the country, on the 
northern route from Belleville, Illinois, to the city of 
New York, and back by the Ohio Valley; together 
with a glance at the Crystal Palace. Belleville, 
Willis, pr., 1854. 264 p. IHNWL 510 

Contains detailed historical and descriptive notes of places 
along the route: Belleville, IlHnoistown (East St. Louis), St. 
Louis, Alton, Cariinville, Springfield, Bloomington, Peru, La 
Salle, Ottawa, Morris, Joliet, and Chicago; and on the return 
route, of the places along the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, in- 
cluding Cairo. The first chapter was reprinted with the title: 
Belleville in January, 1854 (n. p., n. d. 12 p. W). 

1853 

Savage, Charles C. The world geographical, historical, 

. and statistical ; containing a description of the several 

continents, empires, republics, kingdoms, and islands 

on the globe . . . New York, Phelps, 1853. 496 p., 

maps. L 511 

Also, New York, Ensign, etc., 1854. 500 p., maps. W 
Contains a six-page account of Illinois with a map of the state 

and of Chicago. 

1853 

Schmidt, Carl. Dies Buch gehort dem deutschen 

Auswanderer; eine geographisch-statische und ge- 
schichtlicheBeschreibungder Vereinigten Staaten von 
Nord-Amerika mit besonderer Riicksichtnahme auf 
Auswanderung und Colonisation; ein vollstandiger 
Rathgeber fiir Auswanderer nach und durch Nord- 
Amerika, Canada, Texas, Calif ornien, &c., nebst 
Angabe der verschiedenen Reiserouten zur See und 
im Innem herausgegeben von Carl Schmidt, Secretar 
in amerikanischen Consulat zu Leipzig; mit der 
neusten, grossten und vollstandigsten Karte der 



2IO ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Vereinigten Staaten, Calif omien, Oregon, &c., und 
der Insel Cuba, nebst Angabe aller Canale, Eisen- 
bahnen, Post- und Landstrassen, Leipzig, Wigand, 

1853. X, 333 p. F 512 

Much general matter of interest and a four-page topographical 
description of Illinois with notes on the principal towns. 

1853 
Stewart, Robert. The United States of America; 
their climate, soil, productions, population, manu- 
factures, religion, arts, government, &c., &c., Lon- 
don, Tweedie, 1853. 339 p., map. {Popular geo- 
graphical library.) W 513 
Contains a five-page description of Illinois and its principal 
cities. 

1853 
Wagner, Moritz. Reisen in Nordamerika in den 
Jahren 1852 und 1853. Leipzig, Arnold, 1854. 3 v. 

L 514 

Tells of a trip down the Mississippi River with notes on 
Galena, Nauvoo, and Cairo. 

1853? 
Warnefried, Karl B. A. Pilgerfahrt nach den Vereinig- 
ten Staaten von Nord-Amerika ; enthaltend Skizzen 
uber die dortigen socialen und politischen Zustande 
wahrend der Jahre 1 849-1 856 . . . wichtig fur Aus- 

wandereru.a. K6ln,Bachem, 1857. 480 p. L 515 
Illinois and Chicago are described in a seven-page chapter. 

1853-55 
Bosshard, Heinrich. Anschauungen und Erfahrungen 

in Nordamerika; eine Monatschrif t ; herausgegeben 

von Heinrich Bosshard. Zurich, Ziircher & Furrer, 

pr., 1853-55. 3 v., paged continuously, 1151 p. L 

(11 & III, u) 516 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 211 

Bosshard traveled extensively in the United States and 
published the results of his observations in the form of letters. 
Some of these are written from Freeport, Illinois, and touch 
upon conditions in the northern part of the state. There is 
also an account of the Icarian community at Nauvoo taken 
from a western paper. 

1854 
[Bishop, Mrs. Isabella L. (Bird).] The Englishwoman 
in America. London, Murray, 1856. vii, 464 p. 
HL 517 

2d ed., ibid, vii, 464 p. U 

Tells of travels by rail across northern Illinois and experiences 
in Chicago. 

1854 

Dana, Charles A. The United States illustrated; in 

views of city and country; with descriptive and 

historical articles. New York, Meyer [1854]. 2 v. 

CWL 518 

Contains brief descriptions, with engravings, of **The 
Prairie" by R. Clark; Nauvoo, Prairie du Rocher, and the 
Grand Tower by Edmund Flagg; Moline by J. M. Peck; and 
Rock Island by L. C. Turner. 

1854 
Fisher, Richard S. The progress of the United States 
of America, from the earliest periods; geographical, 
statistical, and historical; compiled from official 
returns, etc. New York, Colton, 1854. 432 p., 
map. CWL 519 

Reissued as The progress of the republic . . . edited by Hon. 
J. C. G. Kennedy. Washington, Morrison [1856]. 432 p. 
HWL 

Contains an extensive description of Illinois, with an account 
of its resources, agricultural and manufacturing products, com- 
merce, banks, government, education, press, and religious 
denominations. 



212 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1854 

Horner's American railroad and steamboat travelling 

guide . . . being a complete compendiimi of railway 

matters and general western gazetteer. Chicago, 

Homer & Cornwall [October, 1854]. H 520 

Apparently a monthly publication but no other issue has been 
located. 

1854 
Lange, Henry. Atlas von Nord-Amerika, nach den 
neusten Materialien, mit besonderer Riicksicht auf 
physikalische Verhaltnisse und genauer Angabe der 
County-Eintheilung, der Eisenbahnen, Canale, 
Poststrassen imd Dampfschifffahrt, in 18 Blattern mit 
erlautemdem Texte. Braunschweig, Westerman, 
1854. 28 p., 18 maps. L 521 

Also, as Kartenwerke zu Dr. Karl Andree's Nord-Amerika . . . 
Ibid. 28 p., maps. WL 

The text contains a brief topographical description of Illinois, 
with notes on Springfield, Chicago, Galena, and Nauvoo. For 
Andree, Nord-Amerika, see no. 471. 

1854 
Montague, [William L.] Montague's Illinois and 
Missouri state directory for 1854-55; containing the 
names, occupation, and post-office address of all the 
principal men of business ... St. Louis, Montague, 
1854. xxi, [2], 17-504 p. MHWL 522 

1854 

[Neal, David A.] Two millions, five hundred thousand 

acres of land in Illinois belonging to the Illinois 

Central Rail road Company. Salem [Massachusetts ?] , 

Observer, 1854. 30 p. I 522a 

This statement, signed by the vice-president of the company 
contains an extensive account of the different sections of the 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 213 

state of Illinois, with special reference to agricultural opportuni- 
ties. For later land pamphlets issued by the company, see no. 

559- 

1854? 

Oldmixon, Capt. [John W.] Transatlantic wanderings ; 

or, A last look at the United States. London, 

Routledge, 1855. iv, 189 p. UWL 523 

Oldmixon tells of a trip down the Ohio and Mississippi on 
a steamboat and gives a brief description of Cairo. 

1854 
Oliphant, Laurence. Minnesota and the far West. 

Edinburgh, etc., Blackwood, 1855. xiv, 306 p., map. 

UIHJCNWL 524 

Originally published in Blackwood's Magazine, lxxvii, 438- 
450, 569-582, 701-714; Lxxvm, 39-54, 165-180, 322-338 
(April-September, 1855). UJCWL 

The writer crossed northern Illinois to Chicago. 

1854 
Peyton, John L. A statistical view of the state of 

Illinois, to which is appended an article upon the city 

of Chicago. Chicago, Spaulding & Tobey, pr., 1855. 

48 p. W 525 

First published in Merchants' magazine (Hunt's), xxxi, 669- 
675; XXXII, 56-66, 320-332 (December, 1854; January, March, 
1855). UHCNWL — Reprinted in abridged form in De Bow's 
Review, xix, 247-255, 405-416 (September, October, 1855). 
JCNWL 

Treats of physical features, climate, soil, productions, re- 
sources, internal improvements, and public finances, and pre- 
sents statistics of population from the census of 1850. 

1854 
Rapp, Wilhelm. lUustrirte Geographic von Nord- und 
Sud-Amerika nach den neusten und besten Quellen 
bearbeitet. Philadelphia, 1855. S 526 

2d ed., Philadelphia, Weik, 1857. viii, 390 p. H 



214 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Contains a two-page account of Illinois with cuts of Galena 
and Nauvoo. The date of copyright is 1854. 

1854 
Richards, T[homas] Addison. American scenery, 
illustrated. New York, Leavitt & Allen [1854]. ^ 

527 

Contains a description of Cave in Rock and a few general 
remarks on the scenery of Illinois. 

1854 
Robertson, James. A few months in America; con- 
taining remarks on some of its industrial and com- 
mercial interests. London, Longmans [1855]. 238 
p. UWL 528 

Up the Mississippi and Ohio to Louisville, with a paragraph 
devoted to Cairo. 

1854? 
Robinson, J. W Railroad and steamboat sketches, 
between New York and Kansas. [Philadelphia? 
185-.] 22 p. w 529 

Describes the towns and country along the railroad from 
Terre Haute to St. Louis. 
Sabin, Dictionary. 

1854 
Routledge's American handbook and tourists' guide 

through the United States . . . London & New 

York, Routledge, 1854. vi, 216 p. L 530 

Contains a five-page description of Illinois and routes of 
travel to and in the state. 

1854 
Russell, Robert. North America; its agriculture and 

climate . . . Edinburgh, Black, 1857. 390 p., map. 

UIHL 531 

Based on a trip in 1854. Russell crossed northern Illinois 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 215 

from Chicago to Galena and devotes about fourteen pages to 
this region with especial reference to agricultural conditions. 

1854 
Weld, Charles R. A vacation tour in the United 

States and Canada. London, Longmans, 1855. xi, 

394 p. UCNWL 532 

About ten pages are devoted to Chicago — the only place in 
Illinois visited by Weld. 

1854-55 
Hancock, William. An emigrant's five years in the 

free states of America. London, Newby, i860. 321 

p., map. UHCL 533 

The writer traveled extensively in northern Illinois and 
Wisconsin, with headquarters at Chicago, during 1854 and 
1855, and three chapters are devoted to interesting descriptions 
of the country and towns, and accounts of experiences. 

1854-58 
Foster, Lillian. Wayside glimpses, north and south. 
New York, Rudd & Carleton, i860. 250 p. UIHNWL 

534 

A collection of letters written originally for a newspaper. 
Several of them tell of travels in Illinois and visits to Chicago, 
and besides interesting descriptive matter they contain side- 
lights on Illinois politics. Some of the Illinois letters are re- 
printed in Illinois State Historical Society, Journal, v, 389-398 
(October, 191 2). 

1854-61 

Villard, Henry. Memoirs of Henry Villard, joumaHst 

and financier. Boston & New York, Houghton, etc.^ 

1904. 2 V. UCNWL 535 

Villard came to America in 1853 and reached Chicago the 
next year. During the following years he lived in Carlyle, 
Peoria, Chicago, and Belleville, and on a farm near Belle- 
ville. In 1858 he reported the Lincoln-Douglas debates for the 



2i6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Staats-Zeitung of New York. He describes the Illinois tov/ns 
and tells of various trips in different parts of the state. : ..;.... 
American historical review, x, 201-203 (October, 1904). 

1854-66 
Shaw, James. Twelve years in America; being obser- 
vations of the country, the people, institutions and 
religion; with notices of slavery and the late war; and 
facts and incidents illustrative of ministerial life and 
labor in Illinois, with notes of travel through the 
United States and Canada. London, Hamilton, etc., 
1867. xvi, 440 p., map. NE 536 

2d ed., ibid, xvi, 440 p., map (with added cover-title: 
American resources; life, labour, and travels . . . being a second 
edition of " Twelve years in America'^). UIHCWL 

Based on lectures delivered in Ireland in 1866-67. The 
writer came to the United States in 1854 and spent most of the 
twelve years in Illinois. One chapter is a description of the 
state and much of the rest of the book relates to Methodist 
conferences and travels in Illinois. 

1855 
Blackie, W[alker] G. The imperial gazetteer; a general 
dictionary of geography, physical, political, statisti- 
cal, and descriptive, compiled from the latest and best 
authorities. Glasgow, etc., Blackie, 1855. 2 v. L 

537 

Contains a short article on Illinois and notices of towns, 
rivers, etc., in the state. 

1855 
A brief statement of the organization, plan of opera- 
tions, and prospects, of the Central Illinois Farm, 
Coal, and Lumber Company. Philadelphia, Inquirer 
[1856]. 16 p. D 538 

This was a Philadelphia company exploiting land in Macon, 
Moultrie, Shelby, and Clay counties. Its lands are described 
and also the transportation facilities and agricultural advan- 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 217 

tages of Illinois. A number of letters from farmers and others 
relative to agricultural operations in various parts of the state 
are printed. 

1855 
Buchele, Dr. [C] Land und Volk der Vereinigten 
Staaten von Nord-Amerika ; zur Belehning fiir 
jederman, vorziiglich fiir Aus wanderer; nach eigenen 
Beobachtungen und den neuesten Quellen geschildert. 
Stuttgart, Halberger, 1855. viii, 622 p. UWL 539 
Contains a four-page description of Illinois and its principal 
cities and much incidental matter in the general sections. 

1855 
Colby, Charles [G.] Handbook of Illinois accompany- 
ing Morse's new map of the state. New York, 
Blanchard, 1855. 36 p., map. I 540 

Treats of the history of the state, its geographical situation, 
internal improvements, population, and government, with 
sketches of the chief towns. 

1855? 

Cornwallis, Kinahan. A panorama of the New World. 

.London, Newby, 1859. 2 v. L 541 

Contains a brief account of a trip by steamer from St. Louis 
to Quincy and by rail to Chicago. 

1855 
Ferguson, William. America by river and rail; or, 

Notes by the way on the New World and its people. 

London, Nisbit, 1856. viii, 511 p. ICNWL 542 

Ferguson traveled extensively in Illinois by rail and other- 
wise in Jime, 1855, and devotes six chapters — about sixty-five 
pages — to interesting and valuable description of the state 
and its people. 

1855 
Gregory, A. B. To all those emigrating west. n. p., 
n.d. 8 p. H 543 



2i8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

An account of the Rock River country, including Lee, White- 
side and Ogle counties, and its advantages for immigrants. 



1855 
Hall, E[dward] H. The northern counties gazetteer 
and directory, for 1855-6: a complete and perfect 
guide to northern Illinois; containing a concise de- 
scription of the cities, towns & principal villages, 
with the names of the public officers, professional 
and business men, in the counties of Boone, Cook, 
De Kalb, Du Page, Jo Daviess, Kane, Lake, McHen- 
ry, Stephenson, Winnebago; and a variety of other 
useful and interesting information ; brought down to 
November, 1855 . . . Chicago, Fergus, pr., 1855. 
152 p. HWL 544 

Describes the counties and cities of northern Illinois with lists 
of business houses and professional men. Usually bound with 
the Chicago city directory for 1855. 

1855 
The Illinois Central railway, a historical sketch of the 
imdertaking with statistical notes on the state of 
Illinois, the cities of Chicago, Cairo, etc., and a de- 
scription of the railway, its route and lands. Lon- 
don, Smith, etc., pr., 1855. 44 p. N 544a 
A rare item of considerable interest. 

1855 
The Illinois Land Company offer for sale 30,000 acres, 
rich selected prairie farm lands, in tracts of any size ; 
to suit purchasers, on long credits, and at low prices; 
four important railroads, running through and 
around the lands — Stephen S. Remak, president; 



^ 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 219 



R. Jones, secretary; office, no. 98 South Third 
Street, corner of WilHng's Alley [Philadelphia]. 
"State of Illinois," 1855. 26 p. J 545 

The lands were located in Champaign, Piatt, and Macon coun- 
ties. Their value for farming purposes and the transportation 
faciHties of the region are discussed; and a number of letters 
from IlHnois farmers are printed telling of experiences and 
opportunities on the prairie lands. 

1855 
Kohl, J[ohann] G[eorg]. Reisen im Nordwesten der 
Vereinigten Staaten. New York, Appleton, 1857. 
vi, 534 p. HL 546 

2d ed., ibid, vi, 534 p. U — 2d ed., St. Louis, Witter, 1859. 
534 p., map. S 

Kohl writes in great detail of extensive travels in various 
parts of Illinois. Among the places described are Cairo, 
Springfield, and Galena; and several chapters are devoted to 
Chicago and environs. 

1855 
Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's Steamboat directory and 
disasters on the western waters ... a complete list 
of steamboats and all other vessels now afloat on the 
western rivers and lakes . . . maps of the Ohio, and 
Mississippi rivers; towns, cities, landings, population 
and distances correctly laid down on the ... rivers . . . 
sketches of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and their 
tributaries, sources, length, area of country drained, 
&c. . . . Cincinnati, Lloyd, 1856. 326 p., maps. 

UHCWL 547 

Also, ibid. 331 p., maps. WL — Ibid. [c. 1856]. 223 p. I 
The list of steamboats gives name, place and date of con- 
struction, and tonnage. There is also a list of licensed engineers 
and pilots. The maps are detailed charts similar to those in 
■ the various editions of the Navigator (nos. 59,158,179). 



220 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1855? 
Loher, Franz von. Land und Leute in der Alten und 
Neuen Welt; Reiseskizzen . . . Gottingen, Wi- 
gand; New York, Schmidt, 1855-58. 3 v. in 2. L 

548 

Loher went by way of the rivers to St. Louis and later, on up 
the Mississippi. He describes towns and country along the 
route. 

1855 
Murray, Hon. Amelia M. Letters from the United 
States, Cuba and Canada. London, Parker, 1856. 
2 v., map. UCL 549 

Also, New York, Putnam, 1856. 2 v. in i, 402 p. HNWL 
The writer crossed Illinois from Chicago to St. Louis, but 
with the exception of a mention of Alton and the old village of 
Cahokia, the book is of no especial interest for Illinois. 

Athenaeum, January 19, 1856, pp. 67-68; Frazer's, Liu, 522- 
533 (May, 1856). 

1855 
Rey, William. L'Amerique protestante; notes et ob- 
servations d'un voyageur. Paris, etc., Cherbuliez, 
1857. 2 V. L 550 

Rey visited Chicago, went on to St. Louis over the Chicago 
and Alton railroad, and then went down the Mississippi and up 
the Ohio. 

1855 
[Ropes, Mrs. Hannah A.] Six months in Kansas; by a 
lady. Boston, Jewett, etc., 1856. 231 p. WL 551 

4th thousand, ibid. 231 p. S 

Two pages tell of a trip by rail from Chicago to Alton and 
by steamer to St. Louis. 

1855 
Smith, J[ohn] Calvin. Harper's Statistical gazetteer of 

the world, particularly describing the United States 

of America, Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 221 

Scotia. New York, Harper, 1855. 1952 p., 7 maps. 

CWL 552 

Contains a description of Illinois similar to those in the 
Western tourist (no. 348) and his Illustrated hand-book (no. 412). 

1855 
Taylor, Bayard. At home and abroad; a sketch-book 
of Hfe, scenery and men [first series]. New York, 
Putnam, i860, vi, 500 p. L 553 

Also, ibid., 1872. 500 p. C — Ibid., 1888. 500 p. H — 
Ibid., 1902. 500 p. U 

Tells of a visit to Springfield and Chicago and describes the 
prairies. 

1855 
True, J. P. Travelers' guide, with a map, embracing 
the great and prominent raihoads of the West, giving 
the location of one hundred and twenty-five stations, 
and the direct route to one thousand cities, towns and 
villages, in Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri 
and Iowa. Chicago, 1855-56. folder. E 554 

1855 

Wappaus, Dr. J. E. Handbuch der Geographic und 

Statistik von Nord-Amerika . . . C[hristian] G. 

D. Stein, Handbuch . . . fur die gebildeten Stdnde 

. . . , I, part 2 (7th ed., Leipzig, Hinrichs, 1855). 

JL 555 

Contains a ten-page description of Illinois, dealing with its 
situation, products, population, etc. 

1855-56 

Gerhard, Fred[erick]. Illinois as it is; its history, 

geography, statistics, constitution, laws, government, 

finances, climate, soil, plants, animals, state of health, 

prairies, agriculture, cattle-breeding, orcharding, 



222 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

cultivation of the grape, timber-growing, market- 
prices, lands and land-prices, geology, mining, com- 
merce, banks, railroads, public institutions, news- 
papers, etc., etc.; with a prairie and wood-map, a 
geological map, a population map, and other illustra- 
tions. Chicago, Keen & Lee, etc., 1857. 451 p., 3 
maps. UMEHCNWL 556 

Gerhard traveled through Illinois in the fall of 1855 and the 
book is based in part on his own observations and in part on 
information derived by correspondence with residents of the 
state. It is a convenient and generally reliable collection of 
information, much of which is not elsewhere readily accessible. 

1855-57 

Pierce, George F. Incidents of western travel; in a 

series of letters . . . edited by Thomas O. Summers. 

Nashville, Tennessee, Stevenson & Owen, 1857. 

249 p. CWL 557 

Also, Nashville, Southern Methodist Publishing House, 1859. 

259 P- N 

Pierce was a bishop of the Methodist Church South and 
in the course of travels to conferences in 1856 crossed Illinois 
from Terre Haute to St. Louis. He was also in Cairo in 1857. 
His notes are very brief. 

1855-64 

Fisher, Richard S. Colton's Atlas of the world, 
illustrating physical and political geography, by 
George W. Colton; accompanied by descriptions, 
geographical, statistical, and historical by Richard 
Sweinson Fisher. New York, Colton, 1855-56. 2 v. 
inl. u 558 

Also, iii(/., 1856. 2 v. HWL — 'R.eissvi&d.a.s Colton's General 
atlas . . . accompanied by descriptions . . . Ibid., 1857. 
[252] p. H — Ibid., 1858, [256] p. incl. 96 maps. L — 
Ibid., 1859. [256] p. incl. 96 maps. W — Ibid., 1861. [274] 
p. incl. 100 maps. W — Ibid., 1862. [242] p. E — Ibid., 186$. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 223 

[300] p. incl. 97 maps. W — Ibid., 1864. [268] p. E — Also 
many later ed. — Also, in part, as Cotton's Atlas of America 
. . . Ibid. 149 p. incl. 57 maps. U 

The descriptive and statistical matter accompanying the 
map of Illinois fill a folio page of fine print in the first edition. 
In some of the later editions it is revised and expanded to two 
pages. 

1855-72 
The Illinois Central Rail-road Company offers for sale 
over 2,400,000 acres selected prairie, farm and wood- 
lands, in tracts of any size, to suit purchasers, on long 
credits, and at low rates of interest, situated on each 
side of their rail-road, extending all the way from the 
extreme north to the south of the state of Illinois. 
New York, Amerman, pr., 1855. 32 p., map. 
UHL 559 

Also, . • . offers . . . over 2,000,000 acres . . . Ibid., i8$6. 
64 p., maps. UHNWL — New York, Oliver, 1856. 64 p. J — 
Also, . . . offers . . . over 1,^00,000 acres . , . Boston, Rand & 
Avery, pr., 1857. 80 p., 2 maps. HW — Chicago, Illinois Cen- 
tral, 1857. 80 p. IH — Ibid. ,i8s^- 80 p. I — Reissned as A guide 
to the Illinois Central Railroad lands; the Illinois Central Railroad 
Company offers for sale over 1,400,000 acres .. . Ibid.,i8$g. 60 
p., map. L — Ibid., i860. 6op., 2 maps. HW — Ibid., 1861. 
60 p., 2 maps. C — Also, . . . over 800,000 acres . . . for sale 
. . . Ibid., 1868. 61 p., map. H — Also, . . . 400,000 acres 
. . . for sale . . , Ibid., 1872. 47 p., map. H 

These pamphlets deal with such topics as the value of Illinois 
lands for farming purposes; advantages of settling in Illinois; 
cost of moving to Chicago; prices of products; fuel and fencing. 
They contain statistics of towns on the line of the road and 
letters from Illinois farmers giving their experiences and 
opinions. For an earlier pamphlet on the railroad lands, see 
no. 522a. See also no. 544a. 

1856 
Andrews, Christopher C. Minnesota and Dacotah; in 
letters descriptive of a tour through the North-west, 
. in the autumn of 1856; with information relative to 



224 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

public lands, and a table of statistics. Washington, 
1857. CN 560 

2d ed., Washington, Famham, 1857. 215 p. NWL — 3d ed., 
Washington, 1857. S — ^thed.., ibid. HN 

Tells of a trip across northern Illinois to Dunlieth on the 
Galena and Chicago Union railroad. 

1856 

[Cairo City Property.] Cairo, Illinois, 1856. n.p. 20 p. 

IHD 561 

A booming pamphlet containing some general matter on the 
state. 

1856 

Campbell, A. A glance at Illinois; her lands, and their 

comparative values, her coal fields, railroads, and 

general resources and advantages. La Salle, Illinois, 

Boynton, pr., 1856. 32 p. H 562 

Campbell was a land agent located at La Salle and issued this 
pamphlet as a method of answering inquiries about the western 
country. The headings are: cHmate, health, soil, railroads, 
Osage orange, coal, Illinois Central railroad lands, manufac- 
tures, and population. 

1856 
Charter of the Shawneetown Coal-mining and Manu- 
facturing Company and geological report on its lands, 
with engineer's report and topographical map, Janu- 
ary I, 1856. Louisville, Kentucky, Norton & Gris- 
wold, pr., 1856. 27 p., map. E 563 

The geological report is by David Dale Owen and the engi- 
neer's report by Edmund F. Lee. The map is especially inter- 
esting as it shows in detail the country southwest of Shawnee- 
town to Saline Creek, with roads and names of property owners. 

1856 
[Dana, C. W.] The garden of the world; or. The great 
West; its history, its wealth, its natural advantages, 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 225 

and its future; also comprising a complete guide to 
emigrants, with a full description of the different 
routes westward, by an old settler. With statistics 
-and facts, from Hon. T. H. Benton, Hon. Sam 
Houston, Col. J. C. Fremont, and other * 'old settlers." 
Boston, Wentworth, 1856. 396 p. UIHNWL 564 

Reissued without change but with the compiler's name on the 
title-page, as The great West; or, The garden of the world . . . 
Ibid., iS^y. 396 p. D — Philadelphia, RuHson, 1857. 396 p. 
U — Boston, Wentworth, 1858. 396 p., map. E — Boston, 
1859. P — Boston, Thayer & Eldridge, 1861. 396 p., map. 
HW 

The fifteen-page section devoted to Illinois contains, besides 
general descriptive matter, special accounts of Nauvoo and 
Chicago. 

1856 
Ferris, Jacob. The states and territories of the great 
West; including Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, 
Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minesota [sic], Kansas 
and Nebraska ; their geography, history, advantages, 
resources, and prospects; comprising their local his- 
tory, institutions, and laws ; giving a table of distances, 
and the most direct routes and modes of conveyance ; 
also pointing out the best districts for agricultural, 
commercial, lumbering, and mining operations. 
New York, etc., Miller, etc.; etc., 1856. 352 p., map. 
UMIHCNWL 565 

According to the publisher's advertisement the descriptions 
in this work are based in part on the personal observations of the 
author. The chapter devoted to Illinois occupies about sixteen 
pages and is mainly descriptive. 

1856 
Foster, J[ohn] W. Report upon the mineral resources 
of the Illinois Central railroad; made at the request 



2 26 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

of the president, March 4, 1856. New York, Roe, 
pr., 1856. 29 p. HCL 566 

Deals with the face of the country and the geological structure 
of the land along the line of the road, with special attention to 
coal fields. 

1856 
Homans, Benjamin. The United States railroad di- 
rectory, for 1856. New York, Homans, 1856. iv, 

211 p. L 567 

Lists the railroads in Illinois, with location, termini, and 
mileage. Contains no time-tables and is intended for investors 
rather than travelers. 

1856 
Jobson, Rev. Frederick J. America, arid American 
Methodism . . . London, Virtue [1857]. xvi,399p. 
UNL 568 

Also, New York, Virtue, etc., 1857. xvi, 399 p. C 
Contains an account of a trip across Illinois from Indianapolis 

to St. Louis by rail, up the Mississippi in a steamboat to Quincy, 

and across to Chicago by rail. 

1856 
Maunder, Samuel, & William Hughes. The treasury 
of geography, physical, historical, descriptive, and 
political; containing a succint account of every coun- 
try in the world . . . London, Longmans, etc., 

1856. xii, 924 p. W 569 

New ed., London, 1870. C 
The account of Illinois fills one colimin. 

1856 
Stirling, James. Letters from the slave states. Lon- 
don, Parker, 1857. viii, 374 p., map. CNWL 570 
Tells of a visit to Chicago and compares Illinois and Georgia. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 227 

1856 
Ziegler, Alexander. Der Geleitsmann ; Katechismus 
fiir Auswanderer nach den Vereinigten Staaten von 
Nord-Amerika . . . Leipzig, Weber, 1856. xii, 235 
p., map. L 571 

Devotes five pages to a consideration of Illinois as a place for 
the settlement of emigrants. See his Skizzen (no. 410)- 

1856-58 
Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning's Lake and river guide; 
being a traveller's companion to the cities, towns, and 
villages on the western waters of the United States; 
together with descriptions of natural curiosities and 
thrilling scenes in border warfare. New York, 
Ensign, etc., 1856. 143 p., maps. LD 572 

Also, ibid., 1858. 143 p., maps. S — Also, Ensign, Bridg- 
man b° Fanning's Traveller's guide through the states of Ohio, 
Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, and Wisconsin; 
with railroad, canal, stage, and steamboat routes . . . /6iJ,, 1857. 
36 p., map. D 

Contain sketches of Illinois and most of its rivers and towns 
and routes of travel in the state. 

1856-58 
Hall, Edward H. Ho! for the West!! The travel- 
ler and emigrant's hand-book to Canada and the 
Northwest of the American Union: comprising the 
states of Illinois, Wisconsin, and Iowa, and the terri- 
tories of Minnesota, and Kansas; with a description 
of their climate, resources, and products, and much 
other useful information compiled from the latest 
authentic sources, and designed particularly for the 
use of travellers, emigrants, and others; to which is 
added a list of railway stations, routes and distances 
. . . London, 1856. B 573 



228 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

3d ed., London, Algar & Street, etc., 1S58. 32 p. L 
An annual publication. The 1858 edition devotes three 
pages to Illinois and about the same amount to Chicago. Con- 
tains also a general description of the Upper Mississippi Valley. 

1856-61 

Colby, Charles [G.] Morse's General atlas of the world, 

containing seventy maps ... by Charles W. Morse 

with descriptions and statistics to the year 1856 by 

Charles Colby. New York, Appleton, 1856. E 574 

Also, The world in miniature, with description of every nation 
and country, together with a treatise on physical geography — the 
western hemisphere. New Orleans, Griswold, 1857. 233 p., 55 
maps, L — Reissued as The diamond atlas with descriptions of 
all countries . . . the western hemisphere. New York, Morse & 
Gaston, 1857. 239 p., 54 maps. WL — New York, Gaston, 
1858. 239 p., maps. E — Another ed. as The world in minia- 
ture . . . New Orleans, Bloomfield& Steel, 1 86 1. [142] p. inch 
53 maps. L 

The General atlas contains a description of Illinois covering 
topography, agriculture, manufacturing, mining, internal im- 
provements, commerce, and population; with notes on the prin- 
cipal towns. Much the same information is to be found in 
The world in miniature, though in different language. 

1856-61 

Low, James W. Low's Railway directory for 1856; an 

official list of officers and directors of the railroads in 

the United States and Canadas; compiled annually. 

New York, 1856. L 575 

Also, New York, Wynkoop, etc., 1858. 151 p. D — New 
York, Bennett [1861]. xxviii, 219 p. L 

Lists the railroads of Illinois with information about location 
and length. 

1856-61 
Sanchez de Bustamante, A. Nuevo curso complete de 
geografia universal fisica, historica, comercial, in- 
dustrial y militar . . . 3d. ed., corr., Paris, Roas & 
Bouret, 1856. 2 v., maps. L 576 



i 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 229 

Also, Nuevo tratado de geografia universal antiqua y moderna 
. . . Madrid, 1861. B 

Contains a short description of Illinois and notes on a few 
of its towns. No copies of eariier editions have been located. 

1856-82 
Thomas, G[eorge] F. Appleton's Railway and steam 
navigation guide, for the United States and the 
Canadas; containing the time tables, fares, connec- 
tions and distances . . . also the connecting lines of 
railways, steamboats, and stages . . . together with 
a commercial register, being a list of the most promi- 
nent mercantile and manufacturing houses and firms 
in the principal cities, arranged as a business directory 
. . . guide to the principal hotels ; with a large variety 
of local and valuable information . . . New York, 
Appleton's, July, 1856. AD 577 

26.e6..,ibid. D — 2d ed., December, 1856. D — 2d ed., March, 
1857. D — 2d ed., June, 1857. D — July, 1857. H — August, 
1857. D — 26.e6..,ibid. D — September, 1857. D — October, 

1857. AD — December, 1857. D — January, 1858. D — 2d,, 
ed., February, 1858. D — 2d ed., June, 1858. D — November, 

1858. 265 p. incl. maps. L — January, 1859. D — May, 1859. 
D — June, 1859. D — July, 1859. A — August, 1859. D — 
September, 1859. D — January, i860. A — February, i860. 
A — October, i860. D — January, 1861. H — July, 1861. 
D — September, 1 86 1. D — December, 186 1. D — June, 1862. 
A — June, 1863. D — July, 1S63. H — 3d ed., August, 1863. 
D— June, 1864. HD — July, 1864. H — March, 1865. H — 
May, 1865. H — Jime, 1865. H — 5th ed., August, 1865. 
D — Also, later editions to 1882. HD 

The title is taken from the number for November, 1858. Edi- 
tion numbers refer to different editions issued in the same month. 

1857 

Kendrick, Burton. Rhodes' Railroad and steamboat 

directory; containing the time tables, distances, 

stations, and connections of the principal railroads 

of the United States and Canadas, compiled from the 



230 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

official tables of the companies . . . including 60 
maps of the western rivers, with the towns, cities, 
landings, houses, and population correctly laid down, 
forming a panoramic view of the valleys of the West ; 
together with a full and complete list of the steam- 
boat routes throughout America . . . sketches of the 
Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and their tributaries, 
sources, length, area of country drained, &c. . . . 
published monthly. Philadelphia, Rhodes [1857]. 
182 p. W 578 

This is the first number, with preface dated May, 1857. It 
appears to be a combined "navigator" and railroad guide and 
contains tables of distances and a list of steamboats on the 
western waters. 

1857 
[Kingsford, William.] Impressions of the West and 

South during a six weeks' holiday. Toronto, Ar- 
mour, 1858. 83 p. mcwL 579 

These letters, which first appeared in a Toronto newspaper, 
tell of a trip from Chicago to St. Louis and down the Mississippi. 

1857 
Manual of American geography, designed to accom- 
pany Morse and Gaston's new map of our country. 
New York, Doty, 1857. 132 p. W 580 

Also, New York, Wells, 1858. 132 p. S 
Contains a four-page account of Illinois. 

1857 
Moiling, Peter A. Reise-Skizzen in Poesie und Prose; 
gesammelt auf einer siebenmonatlichen Tour durch 
die Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Amerika. Galves- 
ton, Texas, Appologeten [1857?]. 384 p. L 581 

The writer traveled extensively in Illinois and tells at length 
of his trips and experiences, with descriptions of a number of 
towns. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 231 

1857 
The states and territories of our western empire: em- 
bracing the history, statistics and geography of the 
territorial regions of the United States, and of the 
principal states and chief cities of the West: their 
climate, soil, productions, manufactures, commerce, 
internal improvements, population, etc., etc.; com- 
piled from the latest authorities. Columbus, Miller, 

1857. 640 p. U 582 

The section devoted to Illinois is twelve pages in length and 
treats especially the cities of Chicago, Quincy, Peoria, Galena, 
and Alton. 

1857-64 
Richards, T[homas] Addison. Appleton's Illustrated 
hand-book of American travel; a full and reliable 
guide by railway, steamboat, and stage, to the cities, 
towns ... in the United States and the British 
provinces . . . New York, Appleton, 1857. 420 p., 

31 maps. HW 583 

Also, ibid., 1859. S — Ibid., i860. 209, [4], 197-405 p., 
31 maps. D — Ibid., [i857-]i86o. 2 v. in i, maps. L — 
Also Appleton's Companion hand-book of travel; containing a full 
description of the principal cities, towns, and places of interest, 
together with hotels and routes of travel through the United States 
andtheCanadas. Ibid., i860. 288 p., maps. L — Ibid., 1864. 
288 p. U 

About four pages are devoted to descriptive matter on Illinois, 
its prairies, rivers, principal cities, and routes of travel. The 
Library of Congress card treats the Companion hand-book as a 
reissue of the Illustrated hand-book but the latter is advertised 
as a separate publication in the 1864 edition of the former. 
They appear to contain about the same material but arranged in 
different ways. The later editions of the Illustrated hand-book 
are in two parts: (i) "The northern and eastern states" and (2) 
"The southern and western states and the territories." Each 
part was also issued separately. For an earlier series of Apple- 
ton's guidebooks by Wellington Williams see nos. 427, 466. 
There are many editions after 1865 edited by Edward H. Hall 
and others. 



232 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1857-65 
[Distumell, John.] Upper lakes of North America; 
being a guide from Niagara Falls and Toronto, to 
Mackinac, Chicago, Saut [sic] Ste Marie, etc., passing 
through lakes Michigan and Superior; returning 
through lakes Huron and St. Clair, to Detroit and 
Buffalo . . . New York, Distumell, 1857. 200 p. 

L 584 

Reissued with add. as A trip through the lakes of North 
America . . . commerce of the lakes, etc.; forming altogether a 
complete guide for the pleasure traveler and emigrant. New York, 
1857. 366 p., 2 maps. UL — Ibid. 386 p., 2 maps. IHWL — 
Reissued with some changes as The Great Lakes or inland seas 
of America . . . together with the commerce of the lakes; giving 
a description of cities, towns, etc. . . . New York, Scribner, 1863. 
162 p., map. CL — Ibid., 1865. 162 p., map. WL — Also later 
editions. 

The 1857 editions contain a brief section on Chicago and in- 
formation about routes to the West. The later editions contain 
descriptions of other towns in northern Illinois and additional 
information about routes to and in the state. 

1858? 
Ashworth, Henry. Recollections of a tour in the 
United States of America, Canada, and Cuba; de- 
livered before the members of the Bolton Mechanics 
Institute . . . reprinted from ' * The Bolton chroni- 
cle." Bolton, Hudsworth [1859]. 45 p. S 585 

Also, London, etc., Bennett, etc. [1861]. 198 p. NL 
Several pages are devoted to descriptions of Chicago and the 
prairies of Illinois. 

1858 

Briickner, G. Amerika's Geographic und Naturge- 

schichte. St. Louis, Witter [1858]. 201 p. WL 586 

Also, as Amerika's wichiigste Charakteristik nach Land und 
Leuten. St. Louis, Witter, 1858. 203 p. L 
Two pages devoted to Illinois. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 233 

1858 
Caird, James. Prairie farming in America ; with notes 
by the way on Canada and the United States. Lon- 
don, Longmans, etc., 1859. viii, 128 p., map. 
UMHWL 587 

Also, New York, Appleton, 1859. 130 p. MICL — First 
published in part as "Prairie Farming in the West," in Chicago 
press and tribune, March 31, April 1,2,4, 1859. H — ^Also, Letter 
on the lands of the Illinois Central Railway Company. London, 
1859. 15 p. IH 

Caird, who was a member of Parliament and the author of 
several books on agricultural subjects, appears to have been 
engaged by the Illinois Central Railroad Company to assist in 
exploiting its lands. He traveled extensively in Illinois in the 
fall of 1858, especially over the Central lines, and the book 
embodies the results of his observations and talks with settlers. 
The Letter contains similar material. See also, his Brief descrip- 
tion of the prairies (no. 602). 

1858 
[Cairo City Property.] The past, present and future of 
the city of Cairo, in North America; with reports, 
estimates and statistics ; by a committee of the share- 
holders, September 29, 1858. Portland, Thurston, 
1858. 103 p. IL 588 

Reports and correspondence between the Cairo City Property 
and the Illinois Central Railroad Company, relating especially 
to the levees and embankments of Cairo. Contains descriptive 
matter on Cairo and the surrounding country. 

1858? 

Douglas, George B. Valley of the Mississippi, and 

customs of the Indians. Philadelphia, 1858. 80 

views. S 589 

German ed.. Das illustrirte Mississippithal, dargestellt in 80 
nach Natur aufgenommen Ansichten vom Wasserfalle zu St. An- 
thony an bis zum Golf von Mexico . . . von H. Lewis, Land- 
schaftsmaler aus St. Louis, in Missouri, nebst einer historischen 
und geographischen Beschreibung der den Fluss begrdnzenden 



234 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Lander, mit besonderer Riicksicht auf die verschiedenen den obern 
Mississippi bewohnenden Indianerstdmme {deutsch imd englisch) 
von George B.Douglas . . . Dusseldorf, Arnz [1858 ? ]. 431 p. 
IHLF 

The German edition contains views and descriptions of Ga- 
lena, Quincy, Alton, and Cairo, and a general description of the 
state of Illinois. There are other copies of this edition in the 
library of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, and in the 
St. Louis public library; but no copy of the original English 
edition has been located. It is listed by Sabin nder the name 
of the illustrator. 

1858 
Hawes, George W. Illinois state gazetteer and busi- 
ness directory for 1858 and 1859 . . . Chicago 
[Scripps, pr., 1858]. xxxvi, 444p. IHJL 590 

Contains a sketch of Illinois history by William Bross and 
notices of the counties and principal cities with names of busi- 
ness and professional men. 

1858 
Homans, I[saac] Smith, Sr., & I[saac] Smith Homans, 

Jr. A cyclopedia of commerce and commercial 
navigation. New York, Harper, 1858. vi, 2007 p. 

UWL 591 

2d ed., rev.. New York, 1859-60. 2 v. C 

Contains articles on "Illinois" and "Chicago" and also 
touches Illinois in various articles on industrial and com- 
mercial topics. Indexed. 

Sabin, Dictionary. 

1858 
Illinois River railroad. Chief engineer's report, pre- 
senting characteristics of location and construction, 
with statistics and estimate of probable revenue, and 
map showing its position and connections, together 
with charter, form of bond and mortgage, &c., &c. 
New York, Baker & Godwin, pr., 1858. 1 1 1 p., map. 
D 592 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 



235 



Contains a description of the line ; general information about 
the resources of Illinois and specific descriptions of Tazewell, 
Mason, Cass, and Morgan counties and of the towns of 
Pekin, Havana, Bath, Chandlerville, Virginia, Beardstown, and 
Jacksonville. 

1858 
Kelland, Prof. [Philip]. Transatlantic sketches . . . 
Edinburgh, Black, 1858. viii, yy p. IL 593 

A few pages on Chicago, the railroads of the West, and the 
Mississippi River. 

1858 

[Kirkland, Mrs. Caroline M.] Illinois in springtime, 

with a look at Chicago. Atlantic monthly, 11, 475-488 

(September, 1858). UHCNWL 594 

Descriptions of the prairies and of Chicago with an account of 
the land opened up by the railroads. 

1858? 

Life in Illinois by a son of the Pilgrims. Once a week, 

IV, 399-404 (April 6, 1 861). CNWL 595 

Tells of a trip from Alton to Chicago and of a week on a 
prairie farm which was a station on the underground railroad. 

1858 

The Northwest. Northwestern quarterly magazine, i, 1-2 1 

(October, 1858). HL 596 

This was the first and only number of this publication. It 
was issued in Chicago. The article is partly historical and part- 
ly descriptive, and has sections on geography, agriculture, 
manufactures, education, and population. 

1858 

[Trotter, Isabella.] First impressions of the New World 

on two travellers from the Old, in the autimin of 1858. 

London, Longmans, 1859. xi, 308 p., map. IL 597 

The writer crossed Illinois by rail from Vincennes to St. Louis 
and from Alton to Chicago, stopping in Springfield and Chicago. 
The book contains good descriptive matter. 



236 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1858 



Zender, J[oachim] D. L. Guide des ;£tats-Unis, pour 
les chemins de fer, la navigation, les lois et les institu- 
tions de TAmerique du Nord . . . New York, 1858. 
134 p., map. L 598 

Contains a brief sketch of Illinois and routes of travel to and 
in the state. 

1858-61 
The United States and Canada, as seen by two brothers 
in 1858 and 1861. London, Stanford, 1862. 137 p., 

map. L 599 

The brothers sign themselves J. C, Jr., and A. C. The 

former visited Chicago in 1858, and the latter traveled down 
the Mississippi from Galena to St. Louis in 1861. 



1859 
Andree, Karl. Geographische Wanderung. Dresden, 

Kuntze, 1859. 2 v. in i. L 600 

Contains a general description of the physical features of the 
Mississippi Valley and an accoimt of the Chicago grain market. 
Sabin, Dictionary. 

1859 
Berkeley, [George C] Grantley F. The English sports- 
man in the western prairies. London, Hurst & 
Blackett, 1861. xiii, 431 p. UCNL 601 

Berkeley traveled by rail from Alton to Chicago on his return 
in 1859. He comments briefly on Alton, Springfield, and other 
places along the route. 

1859 
Caird, James. A brief description of the prairies of 
Illinois — 1,300,000 acres of the nearest and best of 
these are for sale, in tracts of 40 acres and upwards, to 
suit purchasers, either for cash or on long terms of 
credit. London, Clayton, pr., 1859. 24 p., map. 
H 602 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 237 

Sets forth the advantages of the Illinois Central lands for 
English emigrants. Presents several letters from residents of 
Illinois. Compare his Prairie farming (no. 587) and the land 
pamphlets issued by the railroad company (no. 559). 

1859 
Gevers Deynoot, W. T. Aanteekeningen op eene Reis 

door de Vereenigde Staten von Noord Amerika e 

Canada, in 1859. Gravenhage, Nijhoff, i860. 264 p. 

JL 603 

Tells of a trip down the Mississippi and up the Ohio to St. 
Louis and across Illinois by rail to Vincennes. Contains also a 
chapter on Chicago. 

1859 
Greeley, Horace. An overland journey from New 

York to San Francisco, in the summer of 1859. 

New York, Saxton, etc., i860. 386 p. CWL 604 

Greeley crossed Illinois from Chicago to Quincy. He devotes 
about three pages to the state noting especially its agricultural 
progress. 

1859 
Macgregor, John. Our brothers and cousins ; a summer 

tour in Canada and the States. London, Seeley, etc., 

1859. xix, 156 p. L 605 

Letters written originally for a newspaper. They tell of a 
trip up the Mississippi from St. Louis and give an accoimt of 
Chicago. 

1859 
The New World in 1859, being the United States and 

Canada illustrated and described . . . together with 

routes of travel, fares, distances, etc. London, 

Bailliere [1859]. viii, 114, 87, 78, 96, 80 p. I 606 

Also as The British American guide-hook; being a condensed 
gazetteer, directory, and guide, to Canada, the western states, and 
principal cities on the seaboard . . , ist ed., ibid. 96, 87, 114, 
96 p. W — Ibid., 1859. 114, 87, 96, 96 p. HCL 



238 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The first part contains descriptions of Illinois and Chicago 
and the other parts contain useful material, on immigration, 
transportation, and agricultural conditions. 

1859 
The river Mississippi, from St. Paul to New Orleans, 

illustrated and described, with views and descriptions 
of cities connected with its trade and commerce, and 
other places and objects of interest in the valley of 
the Mississippi; with 30 river charts and 40 engrav- 
ings. New York, Harthill, 1859. 120 p. HW 607 

1859 
Rouby, Jules. Bibliotheque de I'emigrant: Guide 

americain; ou, Indicateur geographique, historique, 

agricole, industriel, commercial et statist! que de 

toutes les cites, villes et bourgades baignees par les 

eaux de I'Ouest . . . Paris [Blot], 1859. 248 p. L 

608 

The greater part of this work is a translation, without credit, 
of Conclin's New river guide (see no. 179). The description of 
Cairo is translated in John M. Lansden, Cairo, 253 (Chicago, 
1910). 

1859 
The shippers' guide; containing a complete list of all 

railroad stations, canal and river towns (and places 
tributary thereto) in the United States and Canadas ; 
also, a list of the officers and agents connected with 
the railroads, canals, and the collection of the cus- 
toms. Buffalo, Phelps, 1859. 375 p. WD 609 
Useful information about conditions of transportation. 

i860 
Cassell, John. Amerika i vor Tid; en Reiseskildring 
. . . oversat af M. T. Riise. Kj^zibenhavn, Schubo- 
thes, 1863. 488 p., map. w 610 



TRA VEL AND DESCRIPTION 239 

Several chapters deal with Chicago, the prairies, and travels 
in Illinois. No edition in any other language has been located. 

i860 
[Chauveau, Pierre J. O.j Relation du voyage de son 
Altesse Royale le Prince de Galles en Amerique, 
reproduite du * ' Journal de I'instruction publique du 
Bas-Canada," . . . Montreal, Senecal, i860 [i. e. 
1861]. 148, xxix p. L 611 

Englished., The visit of His Royal Highness . . . Ibid. 113, 
XX vi p. L 

The first half of the book was written originally in English 
and the second half in French. It contains a brief account of 
the Illinois part of the trip. 

i860 
Cornwallis, Kinahan. Royalty in the New World; or, 
The Prince of Wales in America. New York, 
Doolady, i860, xii, 286 p. L 612 

The writer accompanied the party as correspondent of the 
New York herald. He devotes about eight pages to the Illinois 
part of the trip. 

i860 
Everett, Oliver. Geology of a section of the Rock 
River Valley from Oregon, in Ogle County, to Ster- 
ling, in Whiteside County. Illinois Natural His- 
tory Society, Transactions, ist series, i, 53-58 (2d ed., 
Springfield, Bailache & Baker, pr., 1861). UHL 613 

i860 
[Morgan, Henry J.] The tour of H. R. H. the Prince 
of Wales through British America and the United 
States, by a British Canadian. Montreal, Lovell, 

pr., i860. 271 p. NWL 614 

Also, ibid., 1861. 271 p. H 

Tells briefly of the visit to Chicago and the trip across Illinois 
to St. Louis and back to Cincinnati by train, with a few days 
stop for shooting at Dwight, Illinois. 



240 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

i860 
Report of the excursion party of the board of trade of 
Philadelphia, October 15, i860. Philadelphia, Chand- 
ler, pr., i860. 22 p. HL 615 

The report is signed by a committee consisting of Henry Budd 
and four others. It tells of the trip of the party of fifty to 
Chicago and across Illinois via Quincy to St. Joseph, Missouri, 
and back via St. Louis and Vincennes. 

i860 
Smith & De Moulin. Illinois state business directory, 
i860; in which the mercantile, professional, manu- 
facturing and mechanical departments, are accurate- 
ly compiled . . . also, information respecting banks, 
insurance companies, railroads, and other institutions. 
Chicago, Bailey [c. i860]. 941 p. mWL 616 

i860 

Woods, N[icholas] A. The Prince of Wales in Canada 

and the United States. London, Bradbury & Evans, 

1861. XV, 438 p., map. UICNWL 617 

Three chapters tell of the experiences of the royal party in 
Chicago; of a hunting expedition on the prairies near the 
village of Dwight; and of the railroad journey from Chicago, 
to St. Louis, and from St. Louis to Cincinnati, with descriptive 
notes on places along the route. 

1861 
Barber, John W., & Henry Howe. Our whole coun- 
try; or. The past and present of the United States, 
historical and descriptive . . . containing the gen- 
eral and local histories and descriptions of each of the 
states, territories, cities and towns of the Union . . . 
Cincinnati, Howe, 1861. 2 v., maps. CNWL(ii, l) 

618 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 241 

Reissued in part, with some changes, as All the western states 
and territories . . . with full geographical descriptions . . . 
Cincinnati, Howe, 1867. 704 p., map. L — Ibid. 733 p., 
map. UW — Ibid., 1868. C 

A section of about fifty pages in the second volume is devoted 
to Illinois, and contains, besides the historical matter, descrip- 
tions of many towns in the state and a number of interesting 
engravings made from sketches by John W. Barber. The two 
1867 editions differ only in that one of them contains an addi- 
tional section on "Russian America" (Alaska). 

1861 
Clarke, Thomas C. The prairie state. Atlantic 

monthly, vii, 579-595 (May, 1861). UHCNWL 619 
Treats of the minerals, flora and fauna, climate, commercial 
and agricultural advantages, and transportation facihties of 
Illinois. 

1861 
Eby, Henry H. Observations of an Illinois boy in 
battle, camp, and prisons — 1861 to 1865. [Men- 

dota, Illinois] author, 1910. 284 p. ICNL 620 

Tells of enlistment at Mendota and of the trip to Cairo. 
The book is based in part on contemporary letters and memo- 
randa. 

1861 
[Fergusson, James.] Notes of a tour in North America 
in 1 86 1 , printed for private circulation. [Edinburgh, 

Blackwood, 1 86 1.] 100 p. W 621 

Fergusson visited Chicago and then went by the Illinois 
Central railroad to St. Louis stopping at Peotone to hunt on 
the prairie. 

1861 

Ferri-Pisani, [Camille]. Lettres sur les Etats-Unis 

d'Amerique par le Lieutenant-Colonel Ferri Pisani, 

aide de camp de S. A. I. le Prince Napoleon. Paris, 

Hachette, 1862. 455 p. WL 622 

The party crossed Illinois from Chicago to St. Louis on a 
special train on the Illinois Central railroad. The writer com- 
ments especially on agricultural conditions and railroads. 



242 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1861 
Hawes, G[eorge] W. G. W. Hawes' Commercial 
gazetteer and business directory of the Ohio River, 
embracing the towns, cities, and villages on the river 
from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, 
with an extensive classification. Indianapolis, 
Hawes, 1861. 446 p., 2 maps. W 623 

1861 
National armory ; an appeal to Congress by the citizens 
of Rock Island and Moline, Illinois, and Davenport, 
Iowa, in favor of a national armory on the site of 
Fort Armstrong, on the island of Rock Island, in the 
State of Illinois. Rock Island, Danforth & Jones, 
pr., 1861. 15 p., map. HE 624 

Sets forth the character of the country, facilities of transporta- 
tion, geographical position, manufactures, and products. 

1861 

Russell, Sir William H. My diary. North and 

South. London, Bradbury & Evans, 1863. 2 v., 

map. HCNL 625 

Also, Boston, Bumham, 1863. xxii, 602 p. UINW — New 
York, Harper, 1S63. 225 p. NWL 

Two chapters tell of a visit to the camp at Cairo and a trip 
by rail to Chicago in June, 1861. 

1861 
Wills, Charles W. Army life of an Illinois soldier, in- 
cluding a day by day record of Sherman's march to 
the sea ; letters and diary of the late Charles W. Wills 
. . . Washington, Globe Printing Company, 1906. 
383 p. UIHNWL 626 

The first twenty pages tell of the trip of the troops from 
Peoria through Springfield to Cairo in April and of camp life in 
Cairo from April to September. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 243 

1861-62 
TroUope, Anthony. North America. London, Chap- 
man & Hall, 1862. 2 v., map. UINWL 627 

Also, Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1862. 2 v. in i. W — New 
York, Harper, 1862. vii, 623 p. D — Leipzig, Tauchnitz, 
1862. 3 V. {Collection of British authors^ dcvi-dcviii.) D — 
3d ed., London, Chapman & Hall, 1862. 2 v., map. — Phila- 
delphia, Lippincott, 1863. H — New York, Harper, 1863. vii, 
623 p. L — 5th ed., London, Chapman & Hall, 1866. 2 v. in i. 
H — London, 1869. 2 v. in i. 

Trollope crossed northern Illinois in the fall of 1861, stopping 
at Dixon and Chicago. The next year he spent some time at 
Cairo with the troops and gunboats. He discussed the products 
and commerce of the Northwest and the attitude of the West 
towards the war. 

Tuckerman, America, 232-244. 

1861-64 
Marshall, Albert O. Army life; from a soldier's jour- 
nal ; incidents, sketches and record of a Union soldier's 
army life, in camp and field; 1861-64. Joliet, 
IlHnois, author, 1883. 410 p. UHNL 628 

2d ed., ibid., 1884. 410 p. ICW — Special ed., abridged, 
ibid., 1886. [100] p. L 

Marshall tells of going from his home in Will County to Camp 
Butler (Springfield) in September, 1861. There he joined the 
Thirty-third Illinois (Normal) Regiment, which was soon taken 
by rail to St. Louis and began service in Missouri. He tells also 
of the return of the regiment to Camp Butler in October, 1864, 
of its mustering out, and of his return to his home. 

1861-1902 
The American annual cyclopedia and register of im- 
portant events of the year 1861 ; embracing political, 
civil, military, and social affairs; public documents, 
biography, statistics, commerce, finance, literature, 
science, agriculture and mechanical industry. New 
York, Appleton, 1862. iv, 780 p. JCNWL 629 

Published annually for the years 1861 to 1902. JCNWL 



244 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

(1862-64, I; 1865-1902, U) — The volumes for 1861-64 were 
reissued in 1867. U 

Beginning with 1876 the title is Appleton's Annual cyclopedia. 
Each volume has a section devoted to Illinois, containing de- 
scriptive and statistical matter. 

1862 

Blair, F[rancis] P., Jr. Report [of] the committee on 

military affairs, to whom was referred the resolution 

of the House directing said committee to inquire into 

the expediency of constructing a ship canal between 

the waters of Lake Michigan and the Mississippi 

River for the purpose of facilitating the operations of 

the war. [Washington, Government printing office, 

1862. 13 p. (37 Congress, 2 Session, House reports, 

no. 37, serial 1144.) UHJCNWL 630 

Describes the Illinois and Michigan canal, treats of the com- 
merce of the lakes and rivers, and sets forth the desirability of 
constructing a deeper canal 

1862 

Dicey, Edward. Six months in the federal states. 

London & Cambridge, Macmillan, 1863. 2 v. 

UINWL 631 

Portions of this work appeared first in Macmillan' s Magazine 
and the Spectator. The second volume contains valuable 
material in chapters on "Southern Illinois," "The prairie and 
the Mississippi," and "Chicago and the West." 

1862 

Eder, Wilhelm. Handbuch der allgemeinen Erdkunde, 

der Lander- und Staatenkunde ; ein Buch fiir das 

Haus nach den neusten und zuverlassigsten Hiilfs- 

mitteln bearbeitet . . . Darmstadt, Jonghaus & 

Venator, 1862. xii, 978 p. L 633 

Contains a brief account of Illinois. 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 245 

1862 
Harris, Alex[ander]. A geographical handbook . . . 
adapted as an aid to the student of history. Lan- 
caster, Pennsylvania, Daily express, pr., 1862. 427 
p. NL 633 

Contains a four-page account of Illinois, its products, manu- 
factures, government, counties and principal towns. 

1862 

Hewitt, Randall H. Across the plains and over the 

divide; a mule train journey from East to West in 

1 862, and incidents connected therewith. New York, 

Broadway Publishing Company [1906]. 521 p., 

map. WL 634 

Contains an interesting account of a railroad trip across 
northern Illinois and a description of Quincy. 

1862 

Illinois Southern railroad. Report of the directors 

. . . with maps, statistics and documents . . . 

March 28, 1862. New York, Jenkins, 1862. 44 p., 

2 maps. E 635 

The road was to run from Vincennes to Cairo with a branch 
to Paducah. The resources and prospects of southern Illinois, 
the advantages of the route, and the state of construction are 
dealt with. 

1862 

Kloeden, Gustav A. von. Handbuch der Lander- und 

Staaten- kunde von Asien, Australien, Afrika, und 

Amerika. Berlin, Weidmann, 1862. xii, 895 p. D 

636 

Contains a brief account of Illinois. 

1862 
The national almanac and annual record for the year 



246 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1863. Philadelphia, Childs, 1863. 698 p. umcw 

637 

Also, . . . for the year 1864. Ibid., 1864. 641 p. HCWL 
These two numbers are all that were published. Each has 
a section of about five pages on llHnois and miscellaneous in- 
formation about the state in the general sections. 

1862 

Spence, Thomas. The settler's guide in the United 

States and British North American provinces . . . 

New York, Davis & Kent, 1862. 472 p. L 638 

Contains a twenty-four page account of IlHnois, dealing with 
topography, soil, chmate, prairies, canals, products, minerals, 
manufactures, government, religion, agriculture, and roads. 
The writer claims that the book is based in large part on per- 
sonal observation. 

1862 

Wright, Thomas. The royal dictionary-cyclopaedia, 

for universal reference . . . London & New York, 

London Printing and Publishing Company [1862-67]. 

5 V. WL 639 

Contains a two-page article on IlHnois with data from the 
census of i860. 

1863 

Capellini, Giovamii. Ricordi di un viaggio scientifico 

neir America Settentrionale nel mdccclxiii del prof. 

cav. Giovanni Capellini . . . Bologna, Vitali, 1867. 

xii, 279 p., map. NL 640 

The writer traveled by rail across Illinois and the book con- 
tains brief notes on Chicago and Galesburg. 

1863 
Douai, Adolph. Land und Leute in der Union. Ber- 
lin, Zanke, 1864. xvi, 352 p. UL 641 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 247 

2d ed., as Personen, Land und Zustdnde in Nord-Amerika; 
Rathgeber fiir Auswanderer. Ibid., 1865. xvi, 352 p. S 

Illinois is dealt with briefly in the chapter on the Middle 
States and the Northwest, and the general chapters are useful, 
especially with reference to German immigration. 

1863 

[Kirkland, Mrs. Caroline M.] The great prairie state. 

Co7itinental monthly , iii, 5 1 3-5 1 9 (May, 1 863) . ICWL 

642 

Deals with the railroads, educational facilities, patriotism, 
and poHtics of Illinois. 

1863 
Massie, James W. America: the origin of her present 
conflict; her prospect for the slave, and her claim for 
anti-slavery sympathy; illustrated by incidents of 
travel, during a tour in the summer of 1863, through- 
out the United States from the eastern boundaries 
of Maine to the Mississippi. London, Snow, 1864. 
viii, 472 p., map. UCNWL 643 

Massie visited Chicago and crossed from there to St. Louis 
and from St. Louis to New Albany, Indiana, by rail. He gives 
a brief description of Chicago and of the state as a whole, with 
notices of Springfield and other places. 

1864 
Borrett, George T. Out West ; a series of letters from 
Canada and the United States. London, Groom- 
bridge, 1866. 294 p. UCWL 644 

Borrett visited Chicago in the fall of 1864 and devotes a 
chapter to the city. 

1864 
[Campbell, John F.] A short American tramp in the 
fall of 1864. Edinburgh, Edmonston & Douglas, 
1865. vii, 437 p., map. UHCNWL 645 



248 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Through Illinois by rail from Chicago to St. Louis and back 
to Louisville. Contains an interesting description of Chicago, 
information about the draft in Illinois, and geological notes. 

1864 
Duvergier de Hauranne, Ernest. Huit mois en Ame- 
rique; lettres et notes de voyage, 1 864-1 865. Paris, 
Lacroix, etc., 1866. 2 v. WL 646 

Also, n.p., n.d. I 

The writer passed down the Mississippi from St. Paul to St. 
Louis and comments on Galena, Rock Island, and Nauvoo. 
Later he was in Chicago for several days at election time. He 
was especially interested in politics and gives many interesting 
details about the campaign of 1 864 both national and local. The 
copy in the Illinois State Historical Library is in one volume 
without title-page and appears to have been made up of excerpts 
from some magazine. 

1864 
Gloss, Albert [von]. Das Leben in den Vereinigten 
Staaten, zur Beurtheilung von Amerika's Gegenwart 
und Zukunft; theilweise fiir Kapitalisten und Aus- 
wanderungslustige in Deutschland. Leipzig, Wi- 
gand, 1864. 2 V. CWL 647 

A treatise on American life and institutions. One section 
contains a geographical sketch of the country and another dis- 
cusses books about America. 

1864 
Illinois state gazetteer and business directory, for the 
years 1864-5, embracing sketches of all the cities, 
towns and villages throughout the state, together 
with classified lists of all professions, trades and 
pursuits, names of all organized companies, and full 
information regarding the great mercantile and 
manufacturing interests of the state . . . Chicago, 
Bailey, 1864. 820 p. UHJC 648 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 249 

Sometimes listed under Bailey (John C. W.), who was the 
publisher and possibly the compiler. In addition to the con- 
tents indicated by the title the work contains a sketch of the 
geography, climate, resources, educational institutions, and 
internal improvements of the state, and descriptive and 
statistical sketches of each county. The preface states that the 
greater part of the information was secured by actual canvass, 
the sketches of the larger towns and cities being prepared, 
generally, by well-informed citizens. The work is a useful com- 
pilation. 

1864 
Laugel, [Antoine] Auguste. Les ]£tats-Unis pendant le 
guerre (1861-1865). Paris, Bailliere, 1865. 649 

Also, ibid., 1866. xvi, 363 p. IL — English ed., London, 
Bailliere, etc., 1866. xiv, 313 p. UNWL 

The writer crossed Illinois from Chicago to Quincy and from 
St. Louis to Vincennes. He gives interesting accounts of 
Chicago and Quincy with special reference to industrial 
conditions. 

1864 

Murphy, S. Aggassiz. Key to Murphy's New outline 

and military map of the United States, comprising 

the descriptive geography of every state and territory 

in the Union. St. Louis, author, 1864. 223 p. NL 

650 

Illinois is described in a five-page section. 



1864 

Thurston, George H. Thurston's Route book from 

New York to St. Louis via Pennsylvania Central 

railroad and Pittsburg, Ft. Wayne, and Chicago 

railway. Pittsburgh, Thurston, August, 1864. 80 p. 

D 651 

Contains notes on many railroad towns in Illinois, especially 
along the line of the Chicago, Alton, and St. Louis railroad. 



2SO ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1865 
Bacon, George W., & William G. Larkins. Bacon's 
Descriptive handbook of America; comprising history, 
geography, agriculture, manufactures, commerce, 
railways, mining, finance, government, politics, edu- 
cation, religion, characteristics, public lands, laws 
. . . London & New York, Bacon [1866]. viii, 
392 p., maps. CL 652 

Also, without Larkin's name, ihid. viii, 392 p., maps. L 
Four pages of descriptive matter on Illinois and two on 

Chicago, besides miscellaneous information in the general 

chapters. 

1865 

Barnes, Demas. From the Atlantic to the Pacific, 

overland; a series of letters . . . New York, Van 

Nostrand, 1866. 136 p. WL 653 

Contains a brief account of Chicago and a trip by rail across 
the state to Quincy. The letters appeared originally in the 
Brooklyn eagle. 

1865 
Disturnell, J[ohn]. Tourist's guide to the upper 
Mississippi River . . . together with an account of 
cities and villages and objects of interest on the route, 
and in the upper valley of the Mississippi . . . New 
York, American News Company, 1866. 84 p. S 654 
Also, New York, 1868. N 

1865 

Hall, Edward H. The great West; travellers', miners', 

and emigrants' guide and hand-book to the western, 

north-western, and Pacific states and territories . . . 

New York, Appleton, 1865. 198 p., map. LC 655 

Reissued as The great West; railroad, steamboat, and stage 



TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 251 

guide and hand-book for travellers . . . New York, Appleton 
[c. 1866]. 181 p., map. UIH 

Relates principally to the country west of the Mississippi 
but devotes a dozen pages to Chicago and the railroads of 
Illinois. It is an expansion of his The great West . . . guide 
and hand-book to the states of California and Oregon and the 
territories . . . (New York, rn^Mwe, 1864. 89 p., map), which 
contains nothing for Illinois. 

1865 
Illinois Central Railroad Company. Sectional maps 
showing the location of over 2,500,000 acres selected 
farming and wood lands in the state of Illinois, be- 
longing to and offered for sale by the Illinois Central 
Railroad Company, with the line of its railroad and 
all other intersecting railroads correctly laid down 
. . . with statistics of the towns, description of the 
lands, price per acre, &c. Chicago, Illinois Central, 

1866. 80 p. inch 33 maps. HW 656 

Contains general descriptive and statistical matter on Illinois 
and rather full accounts of all places on the line of the Central. 
The maps show lands sold up to October i, 1865. A pamphlet 
with a similar title but containing maps only was issued in 186 1. 

1865 
Peto, Sir S[amuel] Morton. The resources and pros- 
pects of America ascertained during a visit to the 
states in the autimm of 1865. London & New York, 

Strahan, 1866. xv, 428 p. umCNW 657 

Also, New York, Strahan; Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1866. 

xii, 404 p. WL 

IDeals in a general way with a variety of economic topics. 

The index leads to a number of Illinois references. The book 

has a cut of Chicago in 1831. 

1865 
Rawlings, Thomas. The confederaton of the British 
North American provinces . . . London, Low, etc., 
1865. xi, 244 p., map. ICNWL 658 



252 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Relates in part also to the United States and contains statisti- 
cal information about Illinois. Consult index. 

1865 

Skinner, J[ohn] E. Hilary. After the storm; or, 

Jonathan and his neighbors in 1865-6. London, 

Bentley, 1866. 2 v. UCNWL 659 

Contains an interesting account of travels in Illinois and a 
visit to Chicago. 

1865 

Van Tramp, John C. Prairie and Rocky Mountain 

adventures; or, Life in the West; to which is added a 

view of the states and territorial regions of our 

western empire; embracing history, statistics and 

geography, and descriptions of the chief cities of the 

West . . . Columbus, Gilmore & Segner, 1866. 

649, vi p. INW 660 

Also, Columbus, Segner & Condit, 1867. 763 p. NL — Ihid., 
1868. 775 p. N — Ibid., iSyo. 775 p. HC 
A descriptive account of Illinois occupies one chapter. 



COUNTY HISTORIES, 
ATLASES, AND 
BIOGRAPHICAL COLLECTIONS 



THE HISTORIOGRAPHY OF ILLINOIS 

COUNTIES 

The field of local history in America is one which the 
trained historical scholar has not deigned to cultivate. 
In the East, where the local unit is the town, local anti- 
quarians have interested themselves in the past of their 
communities and as a result many town histories have 
been published, some of which are of great excellence. 
In the Middle West, where the towns or townships have 
little unity or significance, the county is the principal 
community unit; and, as a consequence, western local 
histories are generally histories of counties rather than 
of towns. During the third quarter of the last century 
a number of such histories were produced as the result 
of the historical instincts and individual initiative of the 
compilers, and such books continued to appear from 
time to time ; but the great mass of county histories pro- 
duced in the West during the last forty years has been 
the work of business enterprise, pure and simple — an 
enterprise which finds its basis in human vanity, in the 
desire of the average middle-class American to see his 
name in print and to be able to read in a book glowing 
accounts of himself, his family, and his neighbors, their 
virtues, and their achievements. 

In the compilation of histories of this sort the initia- 
tive comes from the publisher and generally no other 
name appears on the title-page. A number of agents 
or, as some of the prefaces express it, "a corps of 

ass 



2s6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

experienced historians,"^ are sent into the county to inter- 
view old settlers, gather biographical data, and secure 
subscriptions. The privilege of having a biographical 
sketch in the work is generally contingent upon sub- 
scribing for a copy of it, and a special charge is made for 
the insertion of a cut. In the case of the better works 
of this sort, the county records are examined more or 
less cursorily, and extensive transcripts are sometimes 
made of early minutes of the county court, of the pro- 
ceedings in criminal cases, and of other documents 
which might interest the curious. Occasionally lists of 
county officers and statistics of elections are compiled 
from the records. 

This material gathered by the agents is sent in to 
the office of the publishing firm and there worked 
up into a "history;" or, if biographical data alone 
have been collected, it will appear, perhaps, as "a 
portrait and biographical record" of the county. If 
it is to be a history, such histories of the same county 
as may have been published previously are drawn upon 
freely and without acknowledgement; and a large 
amount of general matter on pioneer life and customs 
and on the history of the state and of the Northwest is 
embodied from histories of other counties in the same 
series. Frequently the books are so arranged that 
many of the same stereotyped plates can be used over 
and over again. If the work in preparation is merely a 
biographical collection, stereotyped ' 'biographies of the 
governors of the state and of the presidents of the 
United States" are usually inserted. 

^ See, for example, the preface to the History of Greene and 
Jersey counties (no. 822). 



COUNTY HISTORIES 257 

That books which have been compiled in this fashion 
are unrehable for specific facts is obvious. Because of 
this many historical workers have been inclined to 
reject them altogether as sources of information. To 
the student with critical ability, however, who knows 
what to accept and what to reject, they have a very con- 
siderable value. The probability of error is certainly 
no greater than in the medieval chronicles, and much of 
the information which can be gleaned from them and 
which might otherwise escape the investigator can be 
verified from more original sources to which they point 
the way. To the student who is interested in problems 
involving statistical studies of large numbers of people, 
they are of great value and their inaccuracies in in- 
dividual cases do not vitiate the results of such studies. 
For example, a volimie which gives, as some of them do, 
the name, occupation, religion, politics, date and place 
of birth, and date of coming to the county of practically 
every tax-payer and voter in the county furnishes the 
material for valuable and interesting studies of the 
different sectional elements in the population and for 
comparisons between the various streams of immigra- 
tion at different periods. The plat books and atlases 
too furnish data for studies in the size of land-holdings ; 
and, when two or more have been published for the 
same county, the economic development along this and 
other lines can be shown. Many of these atlases con- 
tain, also, "Patrons' directories" which give in a more 
condensed form the same sort of biographical informa- 
tion as do the histories and biographical collections. 

On the whole, then, it would seem that no historical 
library is doing its full duty which fails to collect and 



2s8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

preserve, so far as possible, all books of this sort relating 
to parts of the territory which it attempts to cover. 
The amount of duplication may seem excessive, and the 
chaff out of proportion to the wheat; but as time goes 
on and the people and conditions with which these 
books deal fade away into the remote past, and as the 
books themselves become scarce and difficult to pro- 
cure, the value of such a collection will be more and 
more apparent. 

Interest in county history seems to have made its 
first appearance in Illinois in the county of Lake in the 
northeastern corner of the state. Less than a dozen 
years after the first permanent settlement by a white 
man in the county there appeared in the newly estab- 
lished Little- Fort porcupine and Democratic banner, two 
series of articles entitled ' 'Historical sketches of Lake 
County" and "Political history of Lake County," 
which ran through the numbers from March 12 to April 
2 and April 9 to June 4, 1845, respectively. These were 
probably written by Archimedes B. Wynkoop, the edi- 
tor of the paper,^ though Elijah M. Haines, the well- 
known lawyer, politician, and writer, may have had 
something to do with them. Seven years later, in 1 852, 
Haines issued his Historical and statistical sketches of 
Lake County, the first history of an Illinois county to 
be published in book form. 

During the remainder of the decade of the fifties, 
similar historical sketches appeared for Stephenson 
(1854), Bureau (1857), Du Page (1857), Ogle (1859), 
and Putnam and Marshall together (i860). These 
are pamphlets or small books running from about one 

^ Halsey, History of Lake County, 55, 89 (no. 895). 



COUNTY HISTORIES 259 

to two hundred pages and devoted largely to setting 
forth the "present advantages" of the respective 
counties. It will be noted that, although the southern 
part of the state had been settled much longer than the 
northern, all these counties are located in the north. It 
is evident that the same spirit which prompted William 
Bradford to write his History of Plymouth Plantations 
was still active among the descendants of the Puritans in 
northern Illinois. 

In 1858 and 1859 county directories containing 
historical matter appeared for Kane, La Salle and 
Randolph.^ The Randolph directory is especially 
valuable for its data on the settlement of the county. 
During the Civil War no local histories were published 
in Illinois but in 1866 there were issued gazetteers of 
McLean, Madison, and Sangamon counties, "contain- 
ing historical and descriptive sketches." The proto- 
type of the county atlases is a Map of Bureau County, 
Illinois, with sketches of its early settlement by Nehemiah 
Matson (1867) ; and the first county history on a large 
scale is Henry L. Boies, History of DeKalb (1868). 

In 1870 the publication of Illinois county atlases was 
begun on a large scale by two firms, both with head- 
quarters outside the state at the start. The firm of 
Andreas, Lyter, and Company, of Davenport, Iowa, 
issued "Atlas maps" of Knox (1870); McDonough 
(1871) ; Adams, Morgan, Pike, and Schuyler (1872) ; and 

^ The Kane and La Salle directories were published by John 
C. W. Bailey of Chicago and the title-page of the Kane volume 
speaks of him as "publisher of La Salle, Bureau, Will, and McLean 
county directories." No copies except for the two counties 
noted have been located and the others are not listed in the 
bibliography. 



26o ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Greene, Scott, Tazewell, and Peoria (1873). With these 
should be included the Atlas of Hancock published by 
A. T. Andreas at Chicago in 1874. 

The firm of Warner and Higgins of Philadelphia 
published an atlas of Edgar County in 1870. The firm 
appears then to have moved to Chicago where, under 
the names of Warner, Higgins, and Beers, and Warner 
and Beers, it issued atlases of Winnebago (1871); 
Warren and Whiteside (1872); Marshall, Stark, and 
Woodford (1873); Grundy, McLean, Macon, and St. 
Clair (1874); Bond, Bureau, De Witt, Henry, Ma- 
coupin, Moultrie, Piatt, and Shelby (1875); and La 
Salle (1876). Each of the books in this series contains 
an atlas of the United States in ten maps on a scale large 
enough to show the counties; an atlas of Illinois pre- 
senting three or foiu* counties to the map; plats of all 
the towns in the county; general maps of the coimty, 
state, United States, and of the hemispheres; and 
atrocious cuts of houses, farms, and people. The letter- 
press matter contains brief historical and statistical 
sketches of the county and towns and a "Patrons' 
directory" giving the name, postoffice, residence, occu- 
pation, nativity, and date of settlement in the county of 
all purchasers of the atlas. Atlases of Kankakee and 
Ford, along somewhat similar lines but with more 
extensive letter-press matter were issued by J. H. 
Beers of Chicago in 1883 and 1884. 

Another series of atlases was started by Thompson 
and Everts of Geneva in 1871. This includes volumes 
for De Kalb and Stephenson (1871) and Kane (1872). 
Similar volumes for McHenry and Ogle (1872) were 
published by Everts, Baskin, and Stewart of Chicago, 



COUNTY HISTORIES 261 

and for Will (1873) and Du Page (1874) by Thompson 
Brothers and Burr of Elgin. These contain in addition 
to the township plats, a considerable amount of histor- 
ical and statistical matter, and business directories. 
Some of them contain patrons' directories similar to 
those in the Warner and Beer atlases. 

A Philadelphia firm in which W. R. Brink appears to 
have been the principal figure entered the field in 1873. 
Under the names of Brink, McCormick, and Company 
and W. R. Brink and Company it published a series of 
"Illustrated atlas maps," which included volumes for 
Madison (1873); Sangamon, Cass, Mason, Menard, and 
Montgomery (1874); Douglas, Lawrence, Randolph, 
and Vermilion (1875); and Iroquois (1884). Like the 
other series, these atlases contained, in addition to the 
plats, historical and biographical sketches and a 
patrons' directory. 

Meanwhile independent publications continued to 
appear from time to time. The Dixon telegraph and 
herald issued a History of Dixon and Lee County in 
1870. A handbook of Vermilion County was published 
in 1870 and a Champaign County directory in 1871, 
each with historical material. Mat son, Reminiscences 
of Bureau appeared in 1872; Henderson, ^^ Sangamon 
Country'' (Morgan, Scott, and Cass), in 1873; Duis, 
Good old times in McLean, and Woodruff's lecture on 
Joliet and Will County in 1874. 

The centennial year with its numerous celebrations 
served to stimulate an interest in local history. A 
resolution of Congress dated March 13, 1876, recom- 
mended ' ' to the people . . . that they assemble in their 
several counties or towns . . . and that they cause to 



262 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

have delivered ... an historical sketch of said county 
or town from its formation, and that a copy of said 
sketch may be filed, in print or manuscript, in the 
Clerk's office of said county, and an additional copy 
... in the office of the Librarian of Congress." On 
April 22, 1876, Governor Beveridge issued a proclama- 
tion in which this resolution was quoted and the 
recommendation approved and emphasized.^ Histor- 
ical orations or addresses were delivered on July 4, 1876, 
in Cass, Champaign, Grundy, Hardin, Jersey, Pike, St. 
Clair, Schuyler, Scott, and Stephenson, and probably in 
other counties of the state. The sketch of Stephenson 
County appears to have been published in a local paper 
only, but all the others were issued in pamphlet form 
during the year. 

More extensive histories issued during the centennial 
year were Macon by John W. Smith, Mason by Joseph 
Cochrane, Sangamon by John C. Power, Stark by 
Mrs. E. H. Shallenberger, and Williamson by Milo 
Erwin. The last is especially important because of 
its account of the "bloody vendetta" which throws 
a strong light on social conditions in "Egypt." In 
the same year George H. Woodruff published his 
second work on Will County, which was confined to 
the Civil War period. Mention should also be made 
in this connection of a History of Du Page County by 
C. W. Richmond, and a History of Douglas County by 
Henry C. Niles, which were published the following 
year. The county boards of these two counties took 
the resolution of Congress and the governor's proclama- 
tion to heart and made provision for the compilation 
of these works. 

^ Illinois state journal, May 3, 1876. 



COUNTY HISTORIES 263 

The centennial year saw also the inauguration of 
the first extensive series of Illinois county histories, 
which may for convenience be called the Kett series. 
This began with the publication of The voters and 
taxpayers of De Kalb County by H. F. Kett and Com- 
pany of Chicago and a Biographical directory of the 
voters and taxpayers of Kendall by George Fisher and 
Company of Chicago. Which of these appeared first, 
and whether the names of the publishers as given on the 
title-pages are simply names for the same firm or the 
names of rival firms is difficult to determine but they 
follow the same general forms and use much of the same 
material. Similar works followed for Boone, Bureau, 
Henry, Lake, La Salle, McHenry, Rock Island, Warren, 
and Winnebago (1877); Carroll, Jo Daviess, Kane, 
Livingston, Logan, Morgan, Ogle, Will, and Woodford 
(1878); Coles, Edgar, Greene, McLean, Menard and 
Mason together (1879) ; Peoria, and Stephenson (1880) ; 
and Cumberland, Jasper and Richland together, and 
Douglas (1884). 

Eleven of these works appear as by H. F. Kett and 
Company; eight by William Le Baron and Company; 
two by Donnelley, Loyd, and Company; one by Don- 
nelley, Loyd, Cassette, and Company; two — the 1884 
issues — by F. A. Battey and Company; and one each by 
George Fisher and Company, C. Walker and Company, 
O. L. Baskin and Company, Johnson and Company, 
and The Western Historical Company. All the pub- 
lishers are Chicago firms and in some cases the different 
names appear to have been used to disguise the fact 
that the books belong to the same series, while in others 
one firm may have been the successor of another. 



264 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The general matter in this series consists of his- 
tories of the Northwest and of IlHnois, an abstract of 
state laws, the constitution of the United States, and 
a variety of miscellaneous information and statistics. 
This matter is modified, condensed, or expanded, from 
time to time; but often the same stereotyped plates 
are used over and over again in different voltimes. In 
addition the books contain histories of the respective 
counties and their subdivisions and a biographical di- 
rectory giving, with varying completeness, the names, 
places of birth, dates of settlement, politics, occupa- 
tions, etc., of the taxpayers and voters of the county. 
Not all the features mentioned are to be found in all the 
histories but the general make-up is the same through- 
out the series. 

In 1878 a history of McDonough County, compiled 
by S. J. Clarke with the assistance of Charles C. Chap- 
man, was published in Springfield by D. W. Lusk and 
Company. In this can be seen the germs of two series 
of Illinois county histories. The first or Chapman series 
begins with the publication of a history of Knox in 
1878, followed by histories of Adams, Fulton, and 
Tazewell (1879); Hancock and Pike (1880); Sangamon 
(1881); White (1883); Greene and Jersey together, 
McDonough, and McHenry (1885); and La Salle and 
Logan (1886). Four of these are issued as by Charles 
C. Chapman and Company of Chicago; five by the 
Interstate Publishing Company of Chicago; two by 
the Continental Historical Company of Springfield; 
one by Chapman Brothers of Chicago; and one — 
Adams — by Murray, Williamson, and Phelps of 
Chicago. The Chapman, Interstate, and Continental 



COUNTY HISTORIES 265 

companies, in spite of their different habitats, appear 
to be one and the same company; and the history of 
Adams by Murray, etc., while bearing a title similar to 
those used in the Kett series, seems, from the fact that 
some of the same stereotyped plates are used, to belong 
to the Chapman series. The voliunes in this series 
contain, as a rule, a history of the state and an abstract 
of state laws, each differing materially from those in the 
volumes of the Kett series ; histories of the county and 
townships ; and ' ' biographies of representative citizens," 
Another series of histories was begun by Brink, 
McDonough, and Company of Philadelphia, and 
Edwardsville, Illinois, in 1878. This firm, which ap- 
pears to have been a successor of Brink, McCormick, 
and Company, who published a series of atlases in 
1873-75, issued histories of Champaign, Fayette, and 
Jackson (1878); Macoupin and Washington (1879); 
Christian and Macon (1880); Marion and Clinton to- 
gether, St. Clair, and Shelby and Moultrie together 
(1881); De Witt, Madison, and Schuyler and Brown 
together (1882); Edwards, Lawrence, and Wabash to- 
gether, and Randolph, Monroe, and Perry together 
(1883). The 1882 volumes are issued as by W. R. 
Brink and Company and the 1883 volumes by J. L. 
McDonough and Company. The histories in this 
series are among the best works of this sort which have 
been published for Illinois counties. The amount of 
general matter which is repeated is less than usual and 
extensive transcripts are given from the early county 
records. The township histories are followed by 
biographical sketches of ' ' prominent men and pioneers " 
and most of the volumes contain patrons' directories. 



266 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

A series of unusual merit, consisting of histories of 
Vermilion (1879), Iroquois (1880), Lee (1881), and 
Mercer and Henderson together (1882), was published 
by H. H. Hill and Company of Chicago. The first 
two were compiled by Hiram W. Beckwith of Danville 
and contain his "Historic notes on the Northwest." 

The History of Menard and Mason counties (1879) in 
the Kett series was issued as by O. L. Baskin and Com- 
pany of Chicago. This firm reappears with an inde- 
pendent series containing histories of Bond and 
Montgomery together, Cass, Du Page, and Grundy 
(1882); Alexander, Union, and Pulaski together, Craw- 
ford and Clark together, Effingham, and Jefferson 
(1883); Wayne and Clay together (1884); and Bureau 
(1885). The firm name changes to Globe Publishing 
Company in 1883 and this becomes World Publishing 
Company in 1885. Most of the volumes in this series 
are "edited by William Henry Perrin;" and they con- 
tain simply histories of the counties and townships 
and a collection of biographical sketches arranged by 
townships. A History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, 
Franklin, and Williamson, issued in 1887 by the Good- 
speed Publishing Company of Chicago is similar in its 
make-up to the volumes in the Baskin series. 

Of independent works published during the years 
1877-85, the most valuable are Elmer Baldwin, La 
Salle (1877); Charles Bent, Whiteside (1877); Rev. E. 
W. Hicks, Kendall (1877); Spencer Ellsworth, Putnam 
and Marshall (1880); E. Newsome, Jackson; Emma C. 
Piatt, Piatt (1883); A. T. Andreas, Cook (1884); and 
Charles M. Eames, Morgan ( 1 885) . The History of Cook 
County by Andreas is a condensation with additions for 



COUNTY HISTORIES 267 

the outlying towns of his three volume History of Chicago 
published the same year. A History of Dixon and Lee 
County was published by the Dixon telegraph in 1880, 
and directories of Sangamon and Logan counties, each 
containing historical matter, appeared in 1877 and 
1880. The Philadelphia firm of D. J. Lake and Com- 
pany issued in 1881 a series of atlases of Clay, Union, 
and Wayne counties "from actual surveys under the 
direction of B. N. Griffing." 

The firm of Chapman Brothers of Chicago started 
a biographical series in 1885. In this the county his- 
tories, when included at all, are subordinated to the 
biographical material. Volumes were issued for De 
Kalb, Henry, Rock Island, and Whiteside (1885); 
Ogle, and Warren (1886); Champaign, Coles, and 
McLean (1887); Kane and Stephenson (1888); Jo 
Daviess and Carroll together, Morgan and Scott to- 
gether, Vermilion, and Woodford (1889); Fulton, 
Peoria, and Will (1890); De Witt and Piatt together, 
Lake, Macoupin, Pike and Calhoun together, Sanga- 
mon, Shelby and Moultrie together (1891); Adams, 
Ford, Montgomery and Bond together, St. Clair, 
Winnebago and Boone together (1892); Christian, 
Iroquois, Kankakee, and Johnson, Massac, Pope, and 
Hardin together (1893); ^^^ Clinton, Washington, 
Marion, and Jefferson together. Cook and Du Page 
together, Hancock, McDonough, and Henderson to- 
gether, Madison, Tazewell and Mason together, and 
Randolph, Jackson, Perry, and Monroe together 
( 1 894) . A volume for Cook was also published without 
the Du Page in the same year; and another volume for 
Cook, with a different title and another publisher's 



268 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

name but containing some of the same material 
appeared the following year and ran through five edi- 
tions (1895-97). A volume for Kendall and Will was 
published in 190 1. 

Of the voltimes in this series, twenty-one were issued 
as by Chapman Brothers ; thirteen by the Biographical 
Publishing Company; six by the Lake City Publishing 
Company; one (Kane, 1888) by Beers, Leggett, and 
Company; and one (Cook, 1895) by the Calumet Book 
and Engraving Company. Chapman Brothers and the 
Biographical and Lake City companies are certainly all 
one and the same firm using different names, and all the 
volumes in the series have the same general matter. 
This consists of "biographies and portraits of the 
governors of the state and the presidents of the United 
States" and it appears that the same stereotyped plates 
were used throughout, with additions for new governors 
and presidents and with occasional omissions of one 
set or the other when the space was needed for local 
biographies. 

A new and extensive series of atlases was started in 
1890 by Alden, Ogle, and Company of Chicago, the 
firm name changing in 1892 to George A. Ogle and 
Company. This contains plat books of Marshall and 
Putnam together (1890) ; Fayette, Hancock, and Macon 
(1891); Clark, Clinton, De Kalb, Kane, La Salle, Mc- 
Henry, Marion, and Mercer (1892); Champaign, Coles, 
Greene and Jersey together, Jo Daviess, Logan, 
Macoupin, Ogle, Warren, Whiteside, and Will (1893); 
De Witt, Edgar, Morgan, Rock Island, Sangamon, and 
Stephenson (1894); Fulton, McLean, and Shelby (1895). 

At this stage, the form of title was changed from 



COUNTY HISTORIES 269 

"Plat -book" to "Standard atlas" and the series con- 
tinued with Vermilion (1895); Peoria and Moultrie 
(1896); Bond, Henderson, and Lee (1900); Adams, 
Ford, Monroe, and Richland (1901); Brown and Knox 
(1903); Iroquois (1904); De Kalb and Winnebago 
(1905); Hamilton, La Salle, Madison, and Washington 
(1906); Edwards, Jackson, Lake, and Stark (1907); 
Carroll, Union, and Williamson (1908); Grundy and 
Saline (1909); Will (1909-10); Edgar, Logan, Piatt, 
Tazewell, and Wayne (19 10); Christian, Henry, Liv- 
ingston, and Marshall and Putnam together (191 1); 
and Champaign, Fulton, Montgomery, Ogle, Pike, 
Warren, Whiteside, and Woodford (19 12). It will be 
noted that two atlases have been published in this series 
for a number of counties. Some of the atlases issued 
during the years 1892-95 have as publishers: Occi- 
dental Publishing Company, D. W. Ensign and Com- 
pany, American Atlas Company, Hammond Publishing 
Company, Northwest Publishing Company, or Field 
Publishing Company. Some of these are simply differ- 
ent names for the Ogle firm and all the books with the 
possible exception of those issued as by D. W. Ensign 
and Company belong to the same series. 

The letter-press matter contained in the Ogle series 
of atlases is not extensive. The earlier issues contain 
historical directories giving condensed biographical 
data about large numbers of citizens. In the later 
issues, however, this is restricted to patrons, and the 
information about each individual is less complete. The 
later issues contain also supplements dealing with an- 
cient and modern history and civil government. 

A number of atlases have been published indepen- 



27© ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

dently since 1885. An atlas of Boone and an atlas of 
Boone and Winnebago together were published in 1886 
by William C. Sauer and Company and H. R. Page and 
Company respectively, both of Chicago. There were 
published, also, atlases of Madison (St. Louis, 1892); 
White, (Evansville, Indiana, 1901); Rock Island 
(Davenport, Iowa, 1905); Vermilion (Danville, 1907); 
and Hancock (Carthage, 1908). The Middle- West 
Publishing Company of Chicago issued "20th century 
atlases" of Du Page and Kane counties, in 1904. 
Histories published independently from 1886 to 1895 
include Mathews and McLean, Pioneers of Champaign 
(1886); Documents and biography of Stark by M. A. 
Leeson (1887); the Menard- Salem- Lincoln souvenir 
album (1893) ; Recollections of the pioneers of Lee by the 
Colimibian Club of the county (1893) ; and a Souvenir 
of Rock Island (1895). 

The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, the head of 
which had compiled a history of McDonough in 1878, 
started a biographical series in 1 896. This consisted of 
volumes for Bureau, Marshall, and Putnam together 
(1896) ; Rock Island (1897) ; De Kalb and Kane (1898) ; 
McLean and Ogle (1899); Livingston and Woodford 
together, also Livingston alone, and Whiteside (1900); 
and De Witt, Henry, and Logan (1901). This series 
seems to have been a continuation in a way of the 
Chapman series which came to an end, except for the 
volimie for Kendall and Will, about the time this 
began. The prefaces in the last volumes of the Chap- 
man series and in the earlier volumes of the Clarke 
series are almost identical, but the biographies of presi- 
dents and governors are omitted from the Clarke 



COUNTY HISTORIES 271 

volumes and they contain nothing but portraits and 
biographies of citizens of the counties. 

In 1903 the S. J. Clarke Company began the publica- 
tion of a series of histories with volumes for Macon and 
Vermilion (1903); followed by Christian, Montgomery, 
and Sangamon (1904); Adams, Greene, Menard, and 
Winnebago (1905); Bureau, Pike, and La Salle (1906); 
De Kalb, Iroquois, and Will (1907); Ford, Kane, and 
Whiteside (1908); De Witt, Henry, Macon, and 
Stephenson (1910); Logan, Macoupin, and Vermilion 
(191 1); and Knox and Peoria (191 2). The earlier 
volumes bear the title "Past and present," the later ones 
simply "History." Some of them are issued as by the 
Pioneer Publishing Company, a name which the S. J. 
Clarke Company uses when it has published an earlier 
work on the same county. Most of the histories in this 
series have the merit of having been edited by a local 
man with some personal interest in the subject. From 
one-half to three-fourths of the space is generally 
devoted to biographies; but, as many of the works are 
in two volumes, ample room is left for histories of the 
counties and towns. 

The Munsell Publishing Company of Chicago 
brought out in 1899 an Historical encyclopedia of 
Illinois edited by Newton Bateman and Paul Selby. 
This was reissued the same year, in combination with a 
history of Knox County edited by W. S. and G. C. Gale. 
A long series of republications followed in combination 
with histories or biographical collections of different 
counties. This includes Lake and Peoria (1902); 
McHenry, Mercer, and Warren (1903); Kane and Lee 
(1904) ; Cook, Champaign, Edgar, and Tazewell (1905) ; 



272 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Coles and Morgan (1906); Clark, McDonough and St. 
Clair (1907); Fulton, McLean, and Schuyler (1908); 
Boone, Crawford, Livingston, and Ogle (1909) ; Douglas, 
Effingham, Fayette, Lawrence, and Shelby (1910); 
Henderson and Wabash (191 1); Sangamon (191 2); and 
Carroll and Du Page (19 13). The extent of the county 
material in the Munsell publications varies from a cou- 
ple of hundred pages to two good sized volimies; and 
there is about as much variation in quality. Like the 
volumes in the Clarke historical series, these are gener- 
ally edited by local men ; and their value depends large- 
ly on the ability and industry of the editor. In all of 
them the biographical sketches are prominent features ; 
and a few contain no formal history of the county. 

A ntimber of other firms have turned their attention 
to the Illinois counties in recent years and the output 
of works of this sort bids fair to increase rapidly. The 
Lewis Publishing Company of Chicago (and New York) 
produced biographical volimies on La Salle alone and 
La Salle and Grundy together (1900), an Historical 
review of Chicago and Cook (1908), and a Centennial 
history of Madison (1912).^ The firm of Richmond and 
Arnold of Chicago published a biographical volume on 
Macoupin (1904); and B. F. Bowen and Company of 

^ Another publication of this firm is George W. Smith, A history 
of southern Illinois; a narrative account of its historical progress, 
its people, and its principal interests (191 2 3 V.). The first volume 
contains the general history and separate chapters on Alexander, 
Bond, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Cumberland, Edwards, 
Effingham, Fayette, Franklin, Gallatin, Hamilton, Hardin, 
Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Lawrence, Marion, Massac, 
Monroe, Perry, Pope, Pulaski, Randolph, Richland, St. Clair, 
SaHne, Union, Wabash, Washington, Wayne, White, and William- 
son counties. The second and third volumes are devoted to 
biographical sketches, 



COUNTY HISTORIES 273 

Indianapolis published histories of Jefferson and Marion 
and a Biographical and reminiscent history of Richland, 
Clay, ajid Marion (all 1909). 

Works published independently since 1896 include 
Searching the records [of Macoupin] by John Moran 
(1897); histories of: Fulton, in the Lewistown republi- 
can (1897); Douglas by John Gresham (1900); Massac 
by O. J. Page (1900); Shelby published by Wilder of 
Shelbyville (1900); Rockford and Winnebago by C. A. 
Church ( 1 900) ; Pioneers of Menard and Mason by T. 
G. Onstot (1902); Historical souvenir of Williamson by 
J. F, Wilcox (1905); Historical sketches of Cass by J. 
N. Gridley and others (1907) ; and histories of Cook by 
Goodspeed and Healey (1909), Woodford by Roy L. 
Moore (1910), and Lake by John J. Halsey (19 12). 

The last work deserves special mention as it is by 
far the best history of an Illinois county which has 
yet appeared. It is a cooperative work, the different 
chapters compiled by men with special facilities for 
treating their subjects, and the whole revised and co- 
ordinated by Professor Halsey of Lake Forest College. 
Although containing some biographies, these were 
selected on the basis of historical importance, since 
' ' no biographical mentions or portraits were . . . sold 
for either cash or subscriptions." The value of the 
work to the historical investigator is greatly enhanced 
by footnote references to sources and by a modern 
analytical index. It is to be hoped that in the course 
of time, trained scholars, local antiquarians, and public- 
spirited citizens will cooperate to produce similar his- 
tories of other counties in the state. 

In the bibliography which follows, the principles of 



274 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

selection will be quite obvious. The intention has been 
to include everything dealing with an Illinois county as 
a whole which could be classified as a history, an atlas, 
or a biographical collection. This has been construed 
somewhat loosely, however, as evidenced by the inclu- 
sion of Moran, Searching the records (no. 954) and 
Flower, English settleme^tt (no. 800). County direc- 
tories published before 1870, most of which contain his- 
torical matter, have also been included. The arrange- 
ment is alphabetical by counties and chronological 
according to date of publication under each county. 
Volumes containing histories of more than one county 
are listed under each ; but the title is generally abbrevi- 
ated in all except the first entry. Other omissions in 
titles are merely of stereotyped phrases which have no 
special significance. 

The list contains 463 items; but the elimination of 
duplications leaves the total nimiber of works 407. 
For nine counties there is only one item; eleven have 
two, fifteen have three, fifteen have four, nineteen have 
five, fourteen have six, nine have seven, five have eight, 
and five have nine. The twenty counties having 
seven or more items are all located in the extreme 
north or in a belt which extends across the center 
of the state and includes Vermilion, Champaign, 
McLean, Logan, Sangamon, Morgan, Macoupin, and 
Madison counties. The region in which there has been 
the least interest in local history, if the number of 
county histories published can be taken as a criterion, 
is the southeastern part of the state including nearly all 
of the territory south and east of the Kaskaskia River. 

An examination of the key letters discloses the fact 



GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY 
OF UTAH. 

COUNTY HISTORIES 275 

that there is no single collection which contains half 
of the 463 items in the list. The Illinois State His- 
torical Library and the Library of Congress come nearest 
to it, having 228 each; the numbers in the other libra- 
ries are: Chicago Historical Society, 206; Wisconsin 
Historical Society, 192; University of Illinois, 176; 
Chicago Public Library, 132; Newberry Library, 80. 
The Newberry Library has also a manuscript index 
to the biographical and genealogical material in most 
of these works in its collection. The Illinois State 
Historical Library has not only one of the largest but 
also the most representative collection, having at least 
one item for all but one (Calhoun) of the 102 counties of 
the state. The number of counties for which the other 
libraries have at least one item are : Wisconsin Histor- 
ical Society, 99 ; Chicago Historical Society, 95 ; Library 
of Congress, 92; University of Illinois, 86; Chicago 
Public Library, 78; Newberry Library, 60. The 
State Historical Library and the University of Illinois 
each desires to secure as many as possible of these 
books, not already in its collection, and will purchase 
copies if offered at reasonable prices. 

The information about the establishment and organi- 
zation of counties, inserted at the head of the list for 
each county, will, it is believed, be of some convenience 
to the students who may use the bibliography. The 
dates of establishment of counties are given in the 
Bluehook for 1905 (page 436) but the more significant 
dates of actual organization are more difficult to obtain. 
They have been taken in most instances from the coun- 
ty histories and it has not been possible in all cases to 
check them up as thoroughly as would be desirable. 



276 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

It is a question whether county organization should be 
dated from the first election or the first meeting of the 
county board. No uniformity in this matter could be 
secured because sometimes one and sometimes the other 
date was the only one available. For this reason the 
month in which organization took place, instead of a 
more specific date, is given. 

No copies have been located of twenty-five of the 
atlases published by George A. Ogle and Company 
and the Munsell Publishing Company's volume for 
Edgar County. Information concerning these was 
derived from correspondence with the publishers. In 
all other cases titles and collations were secured by 
actual examination of the books themselves. The 
compiler is under obligations to the S. J. Clarke and 
Lewis publishing companies of Chicago for courteously 
allowing him to examine the books in their office 
libraries. 

Special acknowledgments are due to Dr. Susan M. 
Reed, formerly of the University of Illinois, for assist- 
ance in collecting and arranging the data. 



COUNTY HISTORIES, ATLASES, AND BIO- 
GRAPHICAL COLLECTIONS 

ADAMS 

Established by act of January 13, 1825, from Pike and 
unorganized territory attached to Pike; organized the following 

July. 

1872 

Atlas map of Adams County, Illinois, compiled, drawn, 
and published from personal examinations and sur- 
veys by Andreas, Lyter, & Co. Davenport, Iowa, 
1872. 169 p. IHJC 701 

1879 

The history of Adams County, Illinois, containing a 
history of the county, its cities, towns, etc., a bio- 
graphical directory of its citizens, war record of its 
volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local 
statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent 
men, history of the Northwest, history of Illinois, 
map of Adams County, constitution of the United 
States, miscellaneous matters, etc., etc. Chicago, 
Murray, etc., 1879. 971 p. UIHCNWL 702 

1892 

Portrait and biographical record of Adams County, 
Illinois, containing biographical sketches of promi- 
nent and representative citizens, together with 
biographies and portraits of all the presidents of the 
United States. Chicago, Chapman, 1892. 285 p. 
UIL 703 

277 



278 ILLIINOIS HISTORCAL COLLECTIONS 

1901 

Standard atlas of Adams County, Illinois, including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county; map of the state. United States, and world; 
patrons directory, reference business directory, and 
departments devoted to general information ; analysis 
of the system of U. S. land surveys, digest of the 
system of civil government, etc., etc.; compiled and 
pubhshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1901. 
117, xxii p. L 704 

1905 

Past and present of the city of Quincy and Adams 
County, Illinois, by Hon. William H. Collins and 
Mr. Cicero F. Perry; including the late Colonel 
John Tilson's History of Quincy, together with 
biographical sketches of many of its leading and 
prominent citizens and illustrious dead. Chicago, 
Clarke, 1905. 1124P. I 705 

ALEXANDER 

Established by act of March 4, 181 9, from unorganized 
territory attached to Union; organized the next month. 

1883 
History of Alexander, Union, and Pulaski counties, 
Ilhnois, edited by William Henry Perrin. Chica- 
go, Baskin, 1883. 588, 338 p. fflW 706 

BOND 

EstabHshed by act of the territorial legislature, January 4, 
181 7, from Madison; organized the following May; enlarged 
by act of March 2, 1843, from Madison. 



COUNTY HISTORIES 279 

1875 

Atlas of Bond County and the state of Illinois; to which 

is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1875. 35, 93 p. HCL 707 

1882 
History of Bond and Montgomery counties, Illinois, 
edited by William Henry Perrin. Chicago, Bas- 
kin, 1882. 419, 333 p. UIHNW 708 

1892 

Portrait and biographical record of Montgomery and 
Bond counties, Illinois; containing biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
. . . Chicago, Chapman, 1892. 518 p. UHCL 709 

1900 

Standard atlas of Bond County, Illinois; including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1900. 43 p. u 710 

BOONE 

Established by act of March 4, 1837, from Winnebago; 
organized the following May; enlarged by act of February 28, 
1843, from Winnebago. 

1877 

The past and present of Boone County, Illinois, con- 
taining a history of the county — its cities, towns, 
&c., a biographical directory of its citizens, war record 
of its volunteers in the late rebellion, portraits of 
early settlers and prominent men, general and local 



28o ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

statistics . . . map of Boone County . . . Chicago, 
Kett, 1877. 414 p. IHNW 711 

1886 

Illustrated atlas of Boone Coiinty, Illinois; containing 
township maps on a scale of two inches to one mile, 
showing area of lands and owners' names, railroads, 
wagon roads, streams, location of school houses, 
churches, cemeteries, etc., etc.; also maps of the city 
of Belvidere and the interior towns on a scale of 300 
feet to one inch; with maps of the hemispheres, 
world, United States, Illinois, and Boone Coimty. 
Chicago, Sauer, 1886. 45, 11 p. I 712 

1886 

Illustrated atlas of Winnebago and Boone counties, 
111. ; containing maps of every township in counties, 
with village and city plats, also maps of Michigan, 
Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, 
Missouri, Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Montana, 
Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, and Wash- 
ington Territory; compiled from late and authentic 
sources, together with other valuable information. 
Chicago, Page, 1886. 120 p. L 713 

1892 

Portrait and biographical record of Winnebago and 
Boone counties, IlHnois, containing biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens; 
together with biographies of all the governors of the 
state, and of the presidents of the United States. 
Chicago, Biographical PubHshing Company, 1892. 
1325 p. ucw 714 



COUNTY HISTORIES 281 

1909 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of Boone 
County, edited by Richard V. Carpenter. Chi- 
cago, Munsell, 1909. 2 v. I 715 

BROWN 

Established by act of February i, 1839, from Schuyler; 
organized the following May. 

1882 

Combined history of Schuyler and Brown counties, 
Illinois ; with illustrations descriptive of their scenery, 

- and biographical sketches of some of their prominent 
men and pioneers . Philadelphia , B rink ,1882. 4i2p. 
IHNW 716 

1903 

Standard atlas of Brown County, Illinois; including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1903. 47, xxii p. HL 717 

BUREAU 

Established by act of February 28, 1837, from Putnam; 
organized the following June, enlarged from Putnam by act of 
March 2, 1839. 

1857 

Sketches of the early settlement and present advantages 

of Princeton, 111., with a sketch of Bureau Coiuity. 

Princeton, 1857. 96 p. H 718 

This title is taken from Thomas L, Bradford, Bibliographer's 
■manual (Philadelphia, 1907-10). The only copy seen lacks 
the title-page. The cover title is: "Sketches and Statistics 
of Princeton. Smith." 



282 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

i860 

The history of Putnam and Marshall counties ; embrac- 
ing an account of the settlement, early progress, and 
formation of Bureau and Stark counties; with an 
appendix, containing notices of old settlers and of the 
antiquities of Putnam and Marshall, lists of officers 
of each county from its organization to the present 
time, etc., by Henry A. Ford. Lacon, author, i860. 
160 p. UHNWL 719 

1867 

Map of Bureau County, Illinois, with sketches of its 
early settlement, by N[ehemiah] Matson. Chi- 
cago, Fergus, 1867. 88 p. UHL 720 

Matson published a large folding map of Bureau County in 
1858. 

1872 
Reminiscences of Bureau County, in two parts, with 
illustrations ... by N[ehemiah] Matson. Prince- 
ton, Republican, 1872. 406 p. MIHCWL 721 

1875 

Atlas of Bureau Co. and the state of Illinois, to which is 
added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1875. 77, 93 p. HCL 722 

1877 

The voters and tax-payers of Bureau County, Illinois; 
containing also, a biographical directory of its tax- 
payers and voters ; a history of the county and state ; 
map of the county; a business directory; an abstract 
of everyday laws; officers of societies, lodges, etc., 
etc. Chicago, Kett, 1877. 411 p. umjCNWL 723 



COUNTY HISTORIES 283 

1885 

History of Bureau County, Illinois; edited by H. C. 
Bradsby. Chicago, World Publishing Company, 

1885. 710 P- IHWL 724 

1896 

The biographical record of Bureau, Marshall, and 
Putnam counties, Illinois. Chicago, Clarke, 1896. 
737 p. NW 725 

1906 

Past and present of Bureau County, Illinois, by 

George B. Harrington; together with biographical 

sketches of many of its prominent and leading 

citizens and illustrious dead. Chicago, Pioneer 

Publishing Company, 1906. 968 p. 726 

Title from copy in the office of the S. J. Clarke Publishing 
Company, Chicago. 

CALHOUN 

Established by act of January 10, 1825, from Pike; organized 
the next month. 

1891 

Portrait and biographical albimi of Pike and Calhoun 
counties, Illinois; containing full page portraits and 
biographical sketches of prominent and representa- 
tive citizens of the county . . . Chicago, Bio- 
graphical Publishing Company, 1891. 808 p. HL 

727 

CARROLL 

Established by act of Feburary 22, 1839, from Jo Daviess; 
organized the following April. 

1878 

The history of Carroll County, Illinois; containing a 



284 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

history of the county — its cities, towns, etc., a 
biographical directory of its citizens, war record of its 
volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local 
statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent 
men . . . map of Carroll County . . . Chicago, 
Kett, 1878. 501 p. UIHNWL 728 

1889 

Portrait and biographical album of Jo Daviess and 
Carroll counties, Illinois; containing full page 
portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and 
representative citizens . . . Chicago, Chapman, 
1889. IO18 p. UWL 729 

1908 

Standard atlas of Carroll County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and pubhshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chi- 
cago, 1908. 730 

1913 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of Carroll 
County, edited by Charles L. Hostetter. Chi- 
cago, Munsell, 19 13. 2 v. I 731 

CASS 

Established by act of March 3, 1837, from Morgan; organized 
the following August; enlarged by act of February 26, 1845, 
from Morgan. 

1873 

Early history of the "Sangamon country;" being notes 
on the first settlements in the territory now comprised 
within the limits of Morgan, Scott, and Cass coun- 
ties, by John G. Henderson. Davenport, Iowa, 
Day, e/c, 1873. 33 p. iw 732 



COUNTY HISTORIES 285 

1874 

Illustrated atlas map of Cass County, Illinois ; carefully 
compiled from personal examinations and surveys. 
[Philadelphia] Brink, 1874. 99 p. W 733 

1876 

Historical sketch of Cass County, Illinois; an oration 
delivered July 4, 1876, at Beardstown, Ills., by J. 
Henry Shaw. Beardstown, Cass County messenger, 
1876. 53 p. HWL 734 

1882 
History of Cass County, Illinois, edited by William 
Henry Perrin. Chicago, Baskin, 1882. 357 p. 
umwL 735 

1907 
Historical sketches [Cass County], volume one, by J. N. 
Gridley and others. Virginia, Illinois, Enquirer, 
pr., 1907. 445 p. I 736 

No more volumes were published. 

CHAMPAIGN 

Established by act of February 20, 1833, from Vermilion and 
unorganized territory attached to Vermilion; organized the 
following April. 

1871 

J. S. LoTHROP's Champaign County directory, 1 870-1, 
with history of the same, and of each township there- 
in; J. S. LoTHROP, compiler and publisher. Chicago, 
Rand, e^c, pr., 1871. 456 p. UNW 737 

1876 

A history of the early settlement of Champaign County, 
111., physical characteristics, government, earliest 



286 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

military occupation, U. S. survey of the lands, first 
settlement, aborigines, county organization, court 
houses and jails, deaths, physicians, mills, religions, 
roads, buildings, Asiatic cholera, merchandising, 
sickness, etc., also history of the Mathew Busey 
family, by J. O. Cunningham. Urbana, Champaign 
County herald, 1876. 24 p. UIH 738 

1878 

History of Champaign County, Illinois; with illustra- 
tions descriptive of its scenery, and biographical 
sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers. 
Philadelphia, Brink, e^c, 1878. 195 p. UIHNWL 739 

1886 

Early history of pioneers of Champaign County illus- 
trated by one hundred and fifteen superb engravings 
by Melville, containing biographical sketches of the 
early settlers, the early history of the county obtained 
from the most reliable sources and many graphic 
scenes and incidents from the bright and shady sides 
of pioneer life by Milton W. Mathews and Lewis 
A. McLean, editors of the Champagin County 
herald. Urbana, Champaign County herald, 1886. 
126 p. UI 740 

1887 

Portrait and biographical album of Champaign County, 
111., containing full page portraits and biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens of 
the coimty . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1887. 980 p. 
UC 741 



COUNTY HISTORIES 287 

1893 

Plat book of Champaign County, Illinois ; compiled and 
published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1893. 
93 P- CL 742 

1905 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Champaign 
County, edited by Joseph O. Cunningham. Chi- 
cago, Munsell, 1905. 2 v. UI 743 

1912 

Standard atlas of Champaign County, Illinois; includ- 
ing a plat book of the villages, cities and townships of 
the county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . Chicago, Ogle, 1913. 163, xxiii p. 
L 744 

CHRISTIAN 

Established as Dane County by act of February 15, 1839, 
from Sangamon, and Montgomery; enlarged by act of February 
26, 1839, from Shelby; organized the following April; name 
changed by act of February i, 1840. 

1880 

History of Christian County, Illinois, with illustrations 
descriptive of its scenery, and biographical sketches 
of some of its prominent men and pioneers. Phila- 
delphia, Brink, etc., 1880. 259 p. UIHNWL 745 

1893 

Portrait and biographical record of Christian County, 
Illinois; containing biographical sketches of promi- 
nent and representative citizens, together with biog- 
raphies of all the governors of the state, and of the 



288 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

presidents of the United States. Chicago, Lake City 
PubHshing Company, 1893. 460 p. HW 746 

1904 

Past and present of Christian County, IlHnois ; by Hon. 
J. C. McBride. Chicago, Clarke, 1904. 582 p. 
UNL 747 

1911 

Standard atlas of Christian County, Illinois; including 
a plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of 
the county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 191 1. 115, xxiip. L 748 

CLARK 

Established by act of March 22, 1819, from Crawford; 
organized the following April. 

1883 

History of Crawford and Clark counties, Illinois; 
edited by Willian Henry Perrin. Chicago, Bas- 
kin, 1883. 470, 374 p. UIW 749 

1892 

Plat book of Clark County, Illinois; compiled and 
pubHshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1892. 
73 p. mjcL 750 

1907 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, Newton Bateman, 
editor in chief, Paul Selby, associate editor; and 
History of Clark County by Hon. H. C. Bell. 



COUNTY HISTORIES 289 

Chicago, Munsell for Middle West Publishing Com- 
pany, 1907. 750a 

Title furnished by E. S. Clayton of Martinsville, Illinois, 
from a copy in his possession. 

CLAY 

Established by act of December 23, 1824, from Fayette, 
Crawford, Wayne, and Lawrence; organized the following 
February. 

1881 

An atlas of Clay County, Illinois, from actual surveys 
under the direction of B. N. Griffing. Philadelphia, 
Lake, 1881. 50 p. IWL 751 

1884 

History of Wayne and Clay counties, Illinois. Chi- 
cago, Globe Publishing Company, 1884. 475, 242 
p. umw 752 

1909 

Biographical and reminiscent history of Richland, 
Clay, and Marion counties, Illinois. Indianapolis, 
Bowen, 1909. 608 p. UIL 753 

CLINTON 

Established by act of December 27, 1824, from Washington, 
Fayette, and Bond; organized the following February. 

1881 

History of Marion and Clinton counties, IlHnois ; with 
illustrations descriptive of the scenery, and bio- 
graphical sketches of some of the prominent men and 
pioneers. Philadelphia, Brink, etc., 1881. 316 p. 
UIHNWL 754 



290 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1892 

Plat book of Clinton County, Illinois; compiled and 
published by the Occidental Publishing Co. — 
Geo. a. Ogle & Co., Propr'. Chicago, 1892. 72 p. 
CL 755 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Clinton, Washing- 
ton, Marion, and Jefferson counties, Illinois; contain- 
ing biographical sketches of prominent and represen- 
tative citizens of the counties . . . Chicago, Chap- 
man, 1894. 285 p. UHCW 756 

COLES 

Established by act of December 25, 1830, from Clark and 
unorganized territory attached to Edgar; organized the fol- 
lowing February. 

1879 

The history of Coles County, Illinois; containing a 
history of the county — its cities, towns, &c. ; a 
directory of its tax-payers; portraits of early settlers 
and prominent men ; general and local statistics ; map 
of Coles County . . . Chicago, Le Baron, 1879. 
699 p. IHNWL 757 

1887 

Portrait and biographical album of Coles County, 111. ; 
containing full-page portraits and biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens of 
the county . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1887. 577 p. 
L 758 

1893 

Plat book of Coles Co., Illinois; compiled and published 

by the American Atlas Co. [Chicago, Ogle] 1893. 
80 p. CL 759 



COUNTY HISTORIES 291 

1906 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Coles County 
edited by Charles Edward Wilson. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1906. 886 p. I 760 

COOK 

Established by act of January 15, 1831, from Putnam; 
organized the following March. 

1884 

History of Cook County, Illinois, from the earliest 
period to the present time, by A. T. Andreas. 
Chicago, Andreas, 1884. 888 p. umjCNWL 761 

1894 

Genealogical and biographical record of Cook County, 
Illinois ; containing sketches of prominent and repre- 
sentative citizens of the county . . . Chicago, Lake 
City Publishing Company, 1894. 5^1 P- ^N 762 

Reissued with additions, as Portrait and biographical record 
of Cook and Du Page counties . . , Ibid. 640 p. INL 

1895 

Album of genealogy and biography. Cook County, 

Illinois; together with portraits of prominent and 
representative citizens ; also biographies and portraits 
of all the presidents of the United States. Chicago, 
Calumet Book & Engraving Company, 1895. 614 p. 

UJL 763 

2d ed., ibid. 609 p. IHJW — 3d ed., rev. & extended, ibid. 
658 p. H — 4th ed., rev. &impr., i6/J., 1896. 654P. H — New 
ed., rev. & impr., ibid., 1897. 686 p. H — 13th ed., Chicago, 
La Salle Book Company, 1900. N 



aga ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1905 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; Cook County edition. 
Chicago, Munsell, 1905. 2 v. umjL 764 

1908 

Historical review of Chicago and Cook County, and 
selected biography — A. N. Waterman, editor and 
author of historical review. Chicago & New York, 
Lewis, 1908. 3 V. IC 76s 

1909 

History of Cook County, Illinois — being a general 
survey of Cook County history, including a con- 
densed history of Chicago and special account of 
districts outside the city limits; from the earliest 
settlement to the present time; editors: Weston 
Arthur Goodspeed, Daniel D. Healy. Chicago, 
Goodspeed [c. 1909]. 2 v. UHCWL 766 

CRAWFORD 

Established by act of the territorial legislature, December 31, 
18 16, from Edwards. 

1883 

History of Crawford and Clark counties, Illinois; 

edited by William Henry Perrin. Chicago, Bas- 

kin, 1883. 470, 374 p. UIW 767 

1909 

Illinois historical; editors Newton Bateman, Paul 
Selby; Crawford County, biographical; editor Paul 
Selby; contributors William C. Jones, Ethelbert 
Callahan and others. Chicago, Munsell, 1909. 
846 p. U 768 



COUNTY HISTORIES 293 

CUMBERLAND 

Established by act of March 2, 1843, from Coles; organized 
the next month. 

1884 

Counties of Cumberland, Jasper, and Richland, Illi- 
nois; historical and biographical. Chicago, Battey, 
1884. vii, 839 p. UfflNWL 769 

DE KALB 

EstabHshed by act of March 4, 1837, from Kane; organized 
the following July. 

1868 

History of De Kalb County, Illinois, by Henry L. 
Boies. Chicago, Bassett, pr., 1868. 530 p. IHCWL 

770 
1871 
Combination atlas map of De Kalb County, Illinois; 
compiled, drawn and published from personal exami- 
nations and surveys, by Thompson and Everts. 
Geneva, 1 87 1. 57 p. fflW 771 

1876 

The voters and taxpayers of De Kalb County, Illinois; 
containing, also, a biographical directory of its tax- 
payers and voters . . . map of the county, a business 
directory . . . officers of societies, lodges, etc., etc. 
Chicago, Kett, 1876. 342 p. UHCWL 772 

1885 

Portrait and biographical album of De Kalb County, 
Illinois; containing full-page portraits and bio- 
graphical sketches of prominent and representative 
citizens of the county . . . also containing a history 



294 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

of the county, from its earliest settlement to the 
present time. Chicago, Chapman, 1883 [i. e., 1885]. 
901 p. UHC 773 

1892 
Plat book of De Kalb County, Illinois ; drawn and com- 
piled from personal observations, actual surveys, and 
county records. [Chicago?] Ensign, 1892. 131 p. L 

774 
1898 

The biographical record of De Kalb County, Illinois. 

Chicago, Clarke, 1898. 562 p. WL 775 

1905 

Standard atlas of De Kalb County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chi- 
cago, 1905. 776 

1907 

Past and present of De Kalb County, Illinois, by Prof. 
Lewis M. Gross assisted by an advisory board con- 
sisting of H. W. Fay, G. E. Congdon, F. W. Low- 
man, and Judge C. A. Bishop — illustrated with 
historic views. Chicago, Pioneer Publishing Com- 
pany, 1907. 2 V. UCL 777 

DE WITT 

Established by act of March i, 1839, from McLean and 
Macon; organized the following May. 

1875 

Atlas of De Witt Co. and the state of Illinois, to which 

is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1875. 56, 93 P- HL 778 



COUNTY HISTORIES 295 

1882 

History of De Witt County, Illinois, with illustrations 
descriptive of the scenery and biographical sketches 
of some of the prominent men and pioneers ; by W. R. 
Brink & Co. [Philadelphia] 1882. 338, [20] p. 
mCNWL 779 

1891 

Portrait and biographical album of De Witt and Piatt 
counties, Illinois; containing full page portraits and 
biographical sketches of prominent and representa- 
tive citizens of the county . . . Chicago, Chapman, 
1 89 1. 992 p. IL 780 

1894 

Plat book of De Witt County, Illinois; compiled and 
published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. (American Atlas 
Co.) Chicago, 1894. 57, vi p. C 781 

1901 

The biographical record of De Witt County, Illinois. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1901. 478, 218 p. IW 782 

1910 

History of De Witt County, Illinois, with biographical 
sketches of prominent representative citizens of the 
county. Chicago, Pioneer Publishing Company, 
1910. 2 V. UIC 783 

DOUGLAS 

Established by act of February 8, 1859, from Coles; organized 
the following April. 

1875 

An illustrated historical atlas map of Douglas County, 
111.; carefully compiled from personal examinations 



296 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

and surveys. [Philadelphia] Brink, 1875. 107 p. 
W 784 

1876 

History of Douglas County, Illinois, compiled by order 
of the board of supervisors for the centennial an- 
niversary of American independence, July 4, 1876, 
by Henry C. Niles . . . Tuscola, Converse & 
Parks, 1876. 79 p. L 784a 

1884 

County of Douglas, Illinois, historical and biographical, 
with an outline sketch of the Northwest Territory 
and of the state of Illinois. Chicago, Battey, 1884. 
563 p. uicw 785 

1900 

Historical and biographical record of Douglas County, 
Illinois, compiled by John Gresham. [Logansport, 
Indiana, Wilson, etc., pr.] 1900. 299 p. UIL 786 

1910 

Illinois historical; editors, Newton Bateman, Paul 
Selby; Douglas County biographical; editor, John 
W. King. Chicago, Munsell, 19 10. 837 p. ui 787 

DU PAGE 

Established by act of February 9, 1839, from Cook; organized 
the following May. 

1857 

A history of the county of Du Page, Illinois; containing 

an account of its early settlement and present ad- 
vantages, a separate history of several towns, includ- 
ing notices of religious organizations, education, 



COUNTY HISTORIES 297 

agriculture and manufactures, with the names and 
some account of the first settlers in each township, 
and much valuable statistical information, by C. W. 
Richmond & H. F. Vallette. Chicago, Scripps, 
etc., 1857. 212 p. HCNW 788 

1874 

Combination atlas map of Du Page County, Illinois; 
compiled, drawn, and published from personal exami- 
nations and surveys, by Thompson Bro's & Burr. 
Elgin, 1874. 71 P- umjw 789 

1877 

History of Du Page County, Illinois ; compiled under the 
direction and supervision of the board of supervisors, 
1876 [by C. W. Richmond]. Aurora, Knickerbocker 
& Hodder, 1877. 250 p. um 790 

1882 

History of Du Page County, Illinois, by Rufus 

Blan chard. Chicago, Baskin, 1882. 294, 247 p. 

IHNW 791 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Cook and Du Page 
counties . . . Chicago, Lake City Publishing Com- 
pany, 1894. 640 p. INL 792 

1904 
20*^ century atlas of Du Page County, Illinois; con- 
taining maps of villages, cities, and townships of the 
county, of the state, United States, and world. 
Chicago, Middle- West Publishing Company, 1904. 
89, [64] xxii p. L 793 



298 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1913 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by NewtON 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of Du Page 
County (historical and biographical), by special 
authors and contributors. Chicago, Munsell, 1913. 
2 V. UI 794 

EDGAR 

Established by act of January 3, 1823, from Clark; organized 
the following spring. 

1870 

Atlas of Edgar County and the state of Illinois, to 
which is added an atlas of the United States, maps of 
the hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Philadelphia, War- 
ner & Higgins, 1870. 133 p. HL 795 

1879 

The history of Edgar County, Illinois; containing a 
history of the county, its cities, towns, &c. ; directory 
of its tax-payers; war record of its volunteers in the 
late rebellion; portraits of early settlers and promi- 
nent men; general and local statistics; map of Edgar 
County . . . Chicago, Le Baron, 1879. 798 p. 

mcNW 796 

1894 

Plat book of Edgar County, Illinois; compiled and pub- 
Hshed by The American Atlas Co. . . . Chicago 
[Ogle], 1894. 58. vip. I 797 

1905 

Historical encyclopedia of IlHnois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; History of Edgar County. 
Chicago, Munsell, 1905. 798 



COUNTY HISTORIES 299 

1910 

Standard atlas of Edgar County, Illinois; including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1910. 129, viii, [13] p. L 

799 

EDWARDS 

Established by act of the territorial legislature, November 
28, 1 8 14, from Madison and Gallatin; organized the following 
January. 

1882 

History of the English settlement in Edwards County, 
Illinois, founded by Morris Birkbeck and George 
Flower; by George Flower; with preface and foot- 
notes by E. B. Washburne. Chicago, Fergus, 1882. 
402 p. (Chicago Historical Society, Collections, i.) 
UIHJCNWL 800 

2d ed., ibid., 1909. 308 p. H 

The English settlement played so large a part in the develop- 
ment of Edwards County that this is practically a history of 
the county. The manuscript was presented by the author to 
the Chicago Historical Society in i860. The work has several 
times been reprinted in Albion papers, the last time in the 
Albion register, March 2, 191 1 — ^January 18, 191 2. 

1883 

Combined history of Edwards, Lawrence, and Wabash 
counties, Illinois; with illustrations descriptive of 
their scenery and biographical sketches of some of 
their prominent men and pioneers. Philadelphia, 
McDonough, 1883. 377 p. UIHWL 801 



300 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1907 

Standard atlas of Edwards County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chi- 
cago, 1907. 802 

EFFINGHAM 

Established by act of February 15, 1831, from Fayette and 
Crawford; organized in January, 1833. 

1883 

History of Effingham County, Illinois, edited by Wil- 
liam Henry Perrin. Chicago, Baskin, 1883. 286, 
263, 79 p. IHCWL 803 

I9IO 

Illinois historical; editors, Newton* Bateman, Paul 
Selby; Effingham County, biographical, by special 
authors and contributors. Chicago, Munsell, 19 10. 
893 p. UI 804 

FAYETTE 

Established by act of February 14, 182 1, from Bond, Jeffer- 
son, Wayne, Crawford, and Clark; organized the following 
April. 

1878 

History of Fayette County, Illinois; with illustrations 
descriptive of the scenery, and biographical sketches 
of some of its prominent men and pioneers. Phila- 
delphia, Brink, etc., 1878. 109 p. IW 805 

1891 

Plat book of Fayette County, Illinois; compiled and 
pubhshed by Alden, Ogle, & Co. Chicago, 1891. 
88 p. JCL 806 



COUNTY HISTORIES 301 

1910 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Fayette 
County, edited by Robert W. Ross, John J. Bull- 
INGTON. Chicago, Munsell, 19 10. 2 v. U 807 

FORD 

Established by act of February 17, 1859, from unorganized 
territory attached to Vermilion; organized the following June. 

1884 

Historical atlas of Ford County, Illinois; containing a 
history of the county, its townships, towns, schools, 
churches, etc.; a complete set of plats of the town- 
ships and villages; portraits of early settlers and prom- 
inent men; views of residences, etc.; biographies of 
pioneers and leading citizens; various general maps, 
statistics, etc., etc. Chicago, Beers, 1884. 83 p. 

mcwL 808 

1892 

Portrait and biographical record of Ford County, 
Illinois, containing biographical sketches of promi- 
nent and representative citizens . . . Chicago, Lake 
City Publishing Company, 1892. 812 p. 809 

Title from copy in the office of the S. J. Clarke Publishing 
Company, Chicago. 

1901 

Standard atlas of Ford County, Illinois . . . compiled 
and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 
1901. 810 



302 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1908 

History of Ford County, Illinois, from its earliest settle- 
ment to 1908 by E. A. Gardner, illustrated with 
portraits and views; with biographical sketches of 
some prominent citizens of the county. Chicago, 
Clarke, 1908. 2 v. I 811 

FRANKLIN 

Established by act of the territorial legislature, January 2, 
181 8, from White and unorganized territory attached to Jackson 
and Gallatin. 

1887 

History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin, and 
Williamson counties, Illinois; from the earliest time 
to the present ; together with sundry and interesting 
biographical sketches, notes, reminiscences, etc., etc. 
Chicago, Goodspeed, 1887. xiii, 961 p. UIW 812 

FULTON 

Established by act of January 28, 1823, from Pike; organized 
the following April. 

1879 

History of Fulton County, Illinois; together with 
sketches of its cities, villages and townships, educa- 
tional, religious, civil, military, and political history; 
portraits of prominent persons and biographies of 
representative citizens; history of Illinois, embracing 
accounts of the pre-historic races, aborigines, French, 
English, and American conquests, and a general re- 
view of its civil, political and military history; digest 
of state laws. Peoria, Chapman, 1879. 1090 p. 
UmCNWL 813 



COUNTY HISTORIES 303 

1890 

Portrait and biographical album of Fulton County, 
Illinois, containing full page portraits and biographi- 
cal sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
of the county . . . Chicago, Biographical Publish- 
ing Company, 1890. 898 p. L 814 

1895 

Plat book of Fulton County, Illinois; compiled & pub- 
lished by American Atlas Co. ; Geo. A. Ogle & Co., 
propr^. Chicago, 1895. 94, viii p. CL 815 

1897 

[History of Fulton County and its townships, bio- 
graphical sketches, etc.] Lewis town republican, viii, 
no. 36 (October i, 1897). H 816 

1908 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Fulton Coun- 
ty, edited by Jesse Heylin. Chicago, Munsell, 

1908. 1 1 84 p. UIN 817 

I9I2 

Standard atlas of Fulton County, Illinois; including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled by Geo. A. Ogle & Co., 
Chicago, assisted by C. R. Beam, city engineer of 
Canton in the platting of Canton. Chicago, Ogle, 
1912. 133, xxii p. L 818 



304 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

GALLATIN 

Established by proclamation of Governor Edwards, April 14, 
1812, from Randolph; enlarged by act of the territorial legisla- 
ture of December 11, 18 13, from Randolph. 

1887 
History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin, and 
Williamson counties . . . Chicago, Goodspeed, 
1887. xiii, 961 p. UIW 819 

GREENE 

Established by act of January 20, 182 1, from Madison; 
organized the following April. 

1873 

Atlas map of Greene County, Illinois; compiled, drawn, 
and published from personal examinations & surveys 
by Andreas, Lyter, &Co. Davenport, Iowa, 1873. 

lOI p. IHC 820 

1879 

History of Greene County, Illinois; its past and present, 
containing a history of the county; its cities, towns, 
etc.; a biographical directory of its citizens; war 
record of its volunteers in the late rebellion ; portraits 
of its early settlers and prominent men; general and 
local statistics . . . map of Greene County . . . 
Chicago, Donnelley, e/c, 1879. 771 p. UHCWL 821 

1885 

History of Greene and Jersey counties, Illinois, together 
with sketches of the towns, villages and townships, 
educational, civil, military, and political history; 
portraits of prominent individuals, and biographies 



COUNTY HISTORIES 305 

of representative men; history of Illinois, embracing 
accounts of the pre-historic and historic races, and 
a brief review of its civil and military history. 
Springfield, Continental Historical Company, 1885. 
1 1 56 p. umw 822 

1893 

Plat book of Greene and Jersey counties, Illinois . . . 

draughted by Geo. A. Ogle & Co [Chicago] 

Hammond, 1893. 96 p. UHCL 823 

1905 

Past and present of Greene County, Illinois by Hon. 
Ed. Miner. Chicago, Clarke, 1905. 645 p. u 824 

GRUNDY 

Established by act of February 17, 1841, from La Salle; 
organized the following May. 

1874 

Atlas of Grundy Co. and the state of Illinois, to which is 
added an atlas of the United States, maps of the hem- 
ispheres &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & Beers, 
1874. 43» 93 P- L (incomplete, H) 825 

1876 

Historical oration delivered by Perry A. Armstrong, 
Esq., (president of the Old Settlers' Association of 
Grundy County, Ills.,) at Morris, July 4, 1876; com- 
piled from various sources, but largely from the rec- 
ords of Lawrence W. Claypool, Esq., historian, and 
Levi Pierce, Esq., secretary of the society. [Morris] 
Reformer, 1876. 15 p. IHL 826 



3o6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1882 

History of Grundy County, Illinois; containing a 
history from the earliest settlement to the present 
time, embracing its topographical, geological, physi- 
cal, and climatic features; its agricultural, railroad 
interests, etc.; giving an account of its aboriginal 
inhabitants, early settlement by the whites, pioneer 
incidents, its growth, its improvements, organization 
of the county, the judicial history, the business and 
industries, churches, schools, etc., biographical 
sketches; portraits of some of the early settlers, 
prominent men, etc. Chicago, Baskin, 1882. 362, 
156 p. mcwL 827 

1900 

Biographical and genealogical record of La Salle and 

Grundy counties, Illinois. Chicago, Lewis, 1900. 

2 V. 828 

Title from a copy of the second volume in the pubHsher's 
office. 

1909 

Standard atlas of Grundy County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and pubHshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chica- 
go, 1909. 829 

HAMILTON 

Established by act of February 8, 1821, from White; organ- 
ized the following April. 

1887 

History of Gallatin, SaHne, Hamilton, Franklin, and 
Williamson counties . . . Chicago, Goodspeed, 
1887. xiii, 961 p. UIW 830 



COUNTY HISTORIES 307 

1906 

Standard atlas of Hamilton County, Illinois . . . 
compiled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. 
Chicago, 1906. 831 

HANCOCK 

Established by act of January 13, 1825, from unorganized 
territory attached to Pike; attached to Adams until organized 
in August, 1829. 

1874 

An illustrated historical atlas of Hancock County, 
Illinois ; map work of townships and plats made by 
Gen. Chas. A. Gilchrist, civil engineer, Carthage, 
111. Chicago, Andreas, 1874. ^37 P- HOW 832 

1880 

History of Hancock County, Illinois, together with an 
outline history of the state and a digest of state laws, 
by Th. Gregg. Chicago, Chapman, 1880. 1036 p. 
mew 833 

1891 

Plat book of Hancock County, Illinois; compiled & 
pubHshed by Alden, Ogle, & Co. Chicago, 1891. 
121 p. I 834 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Hancock, Mc- 
Donough, and Henderson counties, Illinois; con- 
taining biographical sketches of prominent and 
representative citizens of the county . . . Chicago, 
Lake City Publishing Company, 1894. 59^ P- 
ICNWL 835 



3o8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1908 

Plat book of Hancock County by townships. Carthage, 
Hehns, 1908. 48 p. L 836 

HARDIN 

Established by act of March 2, 1839, from Pope; organized 
the following year; enlarged by act of February 20, 1847, 
from Gallatin. 

1876 

Centennial record; historical sketch of Hardin County, 
state of Illinois, from the earliest settlement to the 
present time, July 4, 1876. [Elizabethtown, 1876.] 
6 leaves. L 837 

1893 

The biographical review of Johnson, Massac, Pope, 
and Hardin counties, Illinois ; containing biographi- 
cal sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
. . . Chicago, Biographical Publishing Company, 
1893. 622 p. UIHCNWL 838 

HENDERSON 

Established by act of January 20, 1841, from Warren; 
organized the following April. 

1882 

History of Mercer County; together with biographical 
matter, statistics, etc.; gathered from matter fur- 
nished by the Mercer County Historical Society, 
interviews with old settlers, county, township, and 
other records, and extracts from files of papers, 
pamphlets, and such other sources as have been 



COUNTY HISTORIES 309 

available ; containing also a short History of Hender- 
son County. Chicago, Hill, 1882. 912 p. W 839 

Enlarged ed. as History of Mercer and Henderson counties 
... Ibid. 1414 p. IH 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Hancock, McDon- 
ough, and Henderson counties . . . Chicago, Lake 
City Publishing Company, 1894. 59^ p. ICNWL 840 

1900 

Standard atlas of Henderson County, Illinois . . . 
compiled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. 
Chicago, 1900. 841 

1911 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
B axeman, Paul Selby; and History of Henderson 
County, edited by James W. Gordon. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1911. 2 v. U 842 

HENRY 

Established by act of January 13, 1825, from unorganized 
territory attached to Fulton; attached to Fulton and later to 
Knox until organized in June, 1837. 

1875 

Atlas of Henry Co. and the state of Illinois, to which is 
added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1875. 75. 93 P- IHWL 843 

1877 

The history of Henry County, Illinois, its tax payers 
and voters; containing also a biographical directory; 



3IO ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

a condensed history of the state ; map of the county ; 
a business directory; an abstract of e very-day laws; 
war record of Henry County; officers of societies, 
lodges, etc., etc. Chicago, Kett, 1877. 590 p. 
mw 844 

1885 

Portrait and biographical album of Henry County, 
Illinois; containing full page portraits and bio- 
graphical sketches of prominent and representative 
citizens of the county . . . also containing a history 
of the county from its earliest settlement to the 
present time. Chicago, Biographical Publishing 
Company, 1885. 834 p. C 845 

1901 

The biographical record of Henry County, Illinois. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1901. 725 p. 846 

Title from copy in the office of the publisher. 

1910 

History of Henry County, Illinois by Henry L. 
KiNER ; also biographical sketches of many represen- 
tative citizens of the county. Chicago, Pioneer 
Publishing Company, 19 10. 2 v. IC 847 

1911 

Standard atlas of Henry County, Illinois; including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 191 1. 137, xxii p. L 848 



COUNTY HISTORIES 311 

IROQUOIS 

Established by act of February 26, 1833, from unorganized 
territory attached to Vermilion; organized in February, 1834. 

1880 

History of Iroquois County, together with historic 
notes on the Northwest, gleaned from early authors, 
old maps and manuscripts, private and official corre- 
spondence, and other authentic, though for the most 
part, out-of-the-way sources, by H. W. Beckwith. 
Chicago, Hill, 1880. ii39p. rw 849 

1884 

Illustrated atlas map of Iroquois County, Illinois; 
carefully compiled from official records and personal 
examinations. Edwardsville, Brink, 1884. 103 p. 
rw 850 

1893 

Portrait and biographical record of Iroquois County, 
Illinois; containing biographical sketches of promi- 
nent and representative citizens . . . Chicago, 
Lake City Publishing Company, 1893. 852 p. HL 

851 
1904 
Standard atlas of Iroquois County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chica- 
go, 1904. 852 

1907 
Past and present of Iroquois County, Illinois, by J. W. 
Kern ; together with biographical sketches of many of 
its most prominent and leading citizens and illustri- 
ous dead. Chicago, Clarke, 1907. 741 p. 853 
Title from copy in the publisher's office. 



312 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

JACKSON 

Established by act of the territorial legislature, January lo, 
1816, from Randolph and Johnson; organized the following 
April. 

1878 

History of Jackson County, Illinois; with illustrations 
descriptive of its scenery, and biographical sketches 
of some of its prominent men and pioneers. Phila- 
delphia, Brink, etc., 1878. 137 p. umCNW 854 

1882 

Historical sketches of Jackson County, Illinois; giving 
some account of every town and city in the county, 
together with a description of the physical geography 
of the county and the navigation by steam of its 
principal river. Carbondale, Newsome, 1882. 138 p. 

L 855 

2d ed., ibid., 1894. 233 p. I 

The Library of Congress copy has the following note on the 
title-page: "E. Newsome, former county Surveyor also the 
author. C. T." The initials are those of Professor Cyrus 
Thomas from whom the volume was received. 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Randolph, Jackson, 
Perry, and Monroe counties, Illinois ; containing bio- 
graphical sketches of prominent and representative 
citizens of the counties . . . Chicago, Biographical 
Pubhshing Company, 1894. ^^2 p. CWL 856 

1907 

Standard atlas of Jackson County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and pubhshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chi- 
cago, 1907. 857 



COUNTY HISTORIES 313 

JASPER 

Established by act of February 15, 1831, from Crawford and 
Clay; organized in January, 1835. 

1884 

Counties of Cumberland, Jasper, and Richland, 
Illinois; historical and biographical. Chicago, 
Battey, 1884. vii, 839 p. UIHNWL 858 

JEFFERSON 

Established by act of March 26, 1819, from Edwards and 
White; organized the following April. 

1883 

History of Jefferson County, Illinois, edited by Wil- 
liam Henry Perrin. Chicago, Globe PubHshing 
Company, 1883. 419, 149 p. mw 859 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Clinton, Washing- 
ton, Marion, and Jefferson counties . . . Chi- 
cago, Chapman, 1894. 285 p. UHCNW 860 

1909 

Wall's History of Jefferson County, Illinois, by John 
A. Wall. Indianapolis, Bowen, 1909. 618 p. XL 

861 

JERSEY 

Established by act of February 28, 1839, from Greene; 
organized the following October. 



314 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1876 

Historical sketch of Jersey County, Illinois; delivered 

at Jersey ville, July 4, 1876, by B. B. Hamilton. 

Jacksonville, Courier, 1876. 36 p. UIHWL 862 

The Chicago Historical Society has a typewritten index to 
this pamphlet. 

1885 

History of Greene and Jersey counties, Illinois . . . 
Springfield, Continental Historical Company, 1885. 
1 1 56 p. umw 863 

1893 

Plat book of Greene and Jersey counties, Illinois . . . 
draughted by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. . . . [Chicago] 
Hammond, 1893. 96 p. UHCL 864 



JO DAVIESS 

EstabHshed by act of February 17, 182 7, from Putnam, Henry, 
and Mercer; organized the following June. 

1878 

The history of Jo Daviess County, Illinois, containing 
a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc., a bio- 
graphical directory of its citizens, war record of its 
volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local 
statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent 
men . . . map of Jo Daviess County . . . Chicago, 
Kett, 1878. 845 p. IHCWL 86s 

1889 

Portrait and biographical album of Jo Daviess and 
Carroll counties . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1889. 
IO18 p. UWL 866 



COUNTY HISTORIES 315 

1893 
Plat book of Jo Daviess County, Illinois, drawn from 
actual surveys & county records, by the Northwest 
Publishing Company. [Chicago, Ogle?] 1893. 63 p. 

HJL 867 

1904 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Jo Daviess 
County, edited by Hon. William Spensley. Chica- 
go, Munsell, 1904. 705 p. I 868 

JOHNSON 

Established by proclamation of Governor Edwards, Septem- 
ber 14, 181 2, from Randolph. 

1893 

The biographical review of Johnson, Massac, Pope, and 
Hardin counties . . . Chicago, Biographical Pub- 
lishing Company, 1893. 622 p. umCNWL 869 
See also, History of Massac County (no. 981). 

KANE 

Established by act of January 16, 1836, from unorganized 
territory attached to La Salle; organized the following June. 

1859 

Kane County directory for 1859-60; containing the 

name, occupation, and address of every resident 
within the cities of Aurora, Geneva, Elgin, and St. 
Charles, and the towns and villages of Batavia, Dun- 
dee, Montgomery, Lodi, Kanesville, Clintonville, 
Jericho, and other residents in the several townships 



3i6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

of the county, compiled and published by John C. 
W. Bailey . . . Chicago, Press and tribune, 1859. 
195 p. I 870 

Contains historical sketches of the county and its subdivi- 
sions. 

1872 

Combination atlas map of Kane County, Illinois; com- 
piled, drawn and published from personal examina- 
tions and surveys by Thompson and Everts. 
Geneva, 1872. 88 p. UHWL 871 

1878 

The past and present of Kane County, Illinois, contain- 
ing a history of the county, its cities, towns, &c., a 
directory of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in 
the late rebellion, portraits of early settlers and prom- 
inent men, general and local statistics, map of Kane 
County . . . [by Henry B. Peirce, Arthur Mer- 
RiL and William H. Perrin]. Chicago, Le Baron, 
1878. 826 p. umcwL 872 

1888 

Commemorative biographical and historical record of 
Kane County, Illinois, containing full page portraits 
and biographical sketches of prominent and repre- 
sentative citizens of the county . . . also containing 
a history of the county, from its earliest settlement 
up to the present time. Chicago, Beers, etc., 1888. 
1 115 p. UHNWL 873 

1892 

Atlas of Kane County, Illinois; drawn and compiled 
from personal observations, actual surveys, and 



COUNTY HISTORIES 317 

county records by D. W. Ensign & Co. [Chicago ?] 
1892. 86 p. L 874 

1898 

The biographical record of Kane County, IlHnois. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1898. 769 p. u 875 

1904 

20**" century atlas of Kane County, Illinois, containing 
maps of villages, cities, and townships of the county, 
of the state. United States, and world. Chicago, 
Middle-West Publishing Company, 1904. 125, [37], 
xxii p. L 876 

1904 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of Kane County, 
edited by Gen. John S. Wilcox. Chicago, Munsell, 
1904. 950 p. UI 877 

1908 

History of Kane County, 111., by Waite Joslyn and 
Frank W. Joslyn. Chicago, Pioneer PubHshing 
Company, 1908. 2 v. L 878 

KANKAKEE 

Established by act of February 11, 1853, from Iroquois and 
Will; organized the following May; enlarged by act of February 
14, 1855, from imorganized territory attached to Vermihon. 

1883 

Atlas of Kankakee Co., Illinois; to which is added vari- 
ous general maps, history, statistics, illustrations, &c., 
&c., &c. Chicago, Beers^ 1883. 170 p. UIHCWL 

879 



3i8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1893 

Portrait and biographical record of Kankakee County, 
Illinois; containing biographical sketches of promi- 
nent and representative citizens . . . Chicago, Lake 
City Publishing Company, 1893. 73^ p. INWL 880 

KENDALL 

Established by act of February 19, 1841, from La Salle and 
Kane; organized the following April. 

1876 

Biographical directory of the voters and tax-payers of 
Kendall County, Illinois; containing also, a map of 
the county ; an historical sketch ; a business directory ; 
an abstract of every-day laws; officers of societies, 
lodges, etc., etc. Chicago, Fisher, 1876. 114 p. 
mjcw 881 

1877 

History of Kendall County, Illinois, from the earliest 
discoveries to the present time by Rev. E. W. Hicks. 
Aurora, Knickerbocker & Hodder, pr., 1877. 438 p. 
UIHWL 882 

19OI 

Genealogical and biographical record of Kendall and 
Will counties, IlHnois, containing biographies of well- 
known citizens of the past and present. Chicago, 
Biographical Publishing Company, 1901. 17-670 p. 
N 882a 

KNOX 

Established by act of January 13, 1825; attached to Fulton 
until organized in July, 1830; enlarged by act of January 15, 
183 1, from unorganized territory established as Henry County 
but attached to Knox. 



COUNTY HISTORIES 319 

1870 

Atlas map of Knox County, Illinois, compiled, drawn, 
and published from personal examinations and sur- 
veys by Andreas, Lyter, & Co. Davenport, Iowa, 
1870. 91 p. HCW 883 

1878 

History of Knox County, Illinois; together with 
sketches of the cities, villages and townships; record 
of its volunteers in the late war; educational, religious 
civil, and political history; portraits of prominent 
persons and biographical sketches of the subscribers 
... by Chas. C. Chapman & Co. Chicago, Blake- 
ley, etc., pr., 1878. viii, 718 p. UIHCWL 884 

1886 

Portrait and biographical albtim of Knox County, 
Illinois, containing full page portraits and biographi- 
cal sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
of the county . . . also containing a history of the 
county from its earliest settlement up to the present 
time. Chicago, Chapman, 1886. iio8p. H 885 

Also, Chicago, Biographical PubHshing Company, 1886. 
I 108 p. L 

1899 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and Knox County, edited 
by W. Selden Gale, Geo. Candee Gale. Chicago, 
Mimsell, 1899. 2 V. UI 886 

1903 

Standard atlas of Knox County, Illinois; including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 



520 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1903. 107, xxii p. IL 887 

1912 

History of Knox County, Illinois; its cities, towns, and 
people, by Albert J. Perry. Chicago, Clarke, 
191 2. 2 V. UWL 888 

LAKE 

Established by act of March i, 1839, from McHenry; organ- 
ized the following August. 

1845 

Historical sketches of Lake County, Illinois — Political 
history of Lake County, Illinois. Little Fort porcu- 
pine and Democratic banner, March 12 — April 2, 
April 9 — June 4, 1845. H 889 

These articles are probably by the editor of the paper, A. B. 
Wynkoop. See p. 258. 

1852 

Historical and statistical sketches of Lake County, 
Illinois; in two parts; the first consisting of general 
observations; the second gives a minute review of 
each township, in its order ... by Elijah M. 
Haines. Waukegan, Howe, 1852. 112 p. WL 890 

1877 

The past and present of Lake County, Illinois ; contain- 
ing a history of the county, its cities, towns, &c., a 
biographical directory of its citizens, war record of its 
volunteers in the late rebellion, portraits of early 




nrSTOTvICAL 



AUD 



STATISTICAL 

^T ^~(^ "Til T\Sl T^l ^j3^ a t 



OF 



LAKE COUNTY 

Itatc of 3llinni3' 



IN TWO PARTS, 

Ti\e fusi o'jnsi-liu^ uf i'feneial Ol'sci vitions 

The second, crives a min".i;e R>-view' of each 
Township, in ils order. 



Bj ELIJAH >r. HAINES. 



WATT KEG AN, ILL. 
PUBLISHED BY E. G. HOWE, 

Boo.ksjlier an-l .Sialiuiicr. 

1852. 

Gecr's Print, Wauke:;nn. 




COUNTY HISTORIES 321 

settlers and prominent men ; general and local statis- 
tics, map of Lake County . . . Chicago, Le Baron, 
1877. 501 p. mcwL 891 

1891 

Portrait and biographical albiun of Lake County, 
Illinois ; containing full-page portraits and biographi- 
cal sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
of the county . . . Chicago, Lake City Publishing 
Company, 1 89 1. 790 p. L 892 

1902 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Lake County, 
edited by Hon. Charles A. Partridge. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1902. 747 p. UI 893 

1907 

Standard atlas of Lake County, Illinois . . . compiled 
and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 
1907. 894 

1912 

A history of Lake County, Illinois — John J. Halsey, 

editor; C. C. Tracey, projector; Roy S. Bates, 

publisher. [Chicago, Harmegnies & Howell, pr.] 

1912. xvi, 872 p. UHNL 895 

On this work, see p. 273. 

LA SALLE 

Established by act of January 15, 1831, from Putnam and 
unorganized territory attached to Tazewell; organized the 
following March. 



322 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1858 

La Salle County directory for 1858 & 1859; containing 
the name, occupation and address of every resident 
within the cities of Ottawa, La Salle, Peru, the town 
of Mendota, and other villages, together with the 
resident farmers and others in the several townships 
of the county; compiled and published by John C. W. 
Bailey, of Chicago. Chicago, Rand, pr. [1858]. 

193 p. H 896 

Contains some historical matter. 

1876 

Atlas of La Salle Co. and the state of Illinois; to which 
is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1876. 115, 93 p. HL 897 

1877 

History of La Salle County, 111., its topography, geology, 
botany, natural history, history of the mound build- 
ers, Indian tribes, French explorations, and a sketch 
of the pioneer settlers of each town to 1840, with an 
appendix giving the present status of the county, its 
population, resources, manufactures and institutions, 
by Elmer Baldwin. Chicago, Rand, etc., 1877. 
552 p. UIHCNW 898 

The Chicago Historical Society has a manuscript index to 
this book. 

1877 

The past and present of La Salle County, Illinois; con- 
taining a history of the county — its cities, towns, 
&c., a biographical directory of its citizens, war 



COUNTY HISTORIES 323 

record of its volunteers in the late rebellion, portraits 
of early settlers and prominent men, general and local 
statistics, map of La Salle Coimty . . . Chicago, 
Kett, 1877. 653 p. umw 899 

1886 

History of La Salle County, Illinois; together with 
sketches of its cities, villages and towns, educational, 
religious, civil, military, and political history, por- 
traits of prominent persons, and biographies of 
representative citizens . . . Chicago, Interstate 
Pubhshing Company, 1886. 2 v. umCNWL 900 

1892 

Plat book of La Salle Co., Illinois, compiled and pub- 
lished by Alden, Ogle, & Co. . . . Chicago, 1892. 
nop. J 901 

1900 

Biographical and genealogical record of La Salle Coun- 
ty, Illinois. Chicago, Lewis, 1900. 2 v. 902 

The first volume was reissued with another volume containing 
Grundy County sketches as Biographical and genealogical 
record of La Salle and Grundy counties, Illinois. Ibid. 2 v. 
There is a copy of the second volume of the last work in the 
pubhsher's office. 

1906 

History of La Salle County, Illinois; by W. J. Hoffman, 
county superintendent of schools, 1 894-1 906; togeth- 
er with biographical sketches of many of its promi- 
nent and leading citizens and illustrious dead. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1906. 11 77 p. 903 

Title from copy in the publisher's office. 



324 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1906 

Standard atlas of La Salle County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chi- 
cago, 1906. 904 

LAWRENCE 

Established by act of January 16, 182 1, from Crawford and 
Edwards; organized the following April. 

1875 

Atlas of Lawrence County, drawn from actual surveys 
and the county records ; to which is added a railroad 
and sectional map of the state. [Philadelphia] 
Brink, 1875. 45 p. W 905 

1883 

Combined history of Edwards, Lawrence, and Wa- 
bash counties . . . Philadelphia, McDonough, 1883. 
377 p. UfflWL 906 

191O 

Illinois historical; editors Newton Bateman, Paul 
Selby ; Lawrence County, biographical ; editor John 
William McCleave. Chicago, Munsell, 19 10. 
760 p. u 907 

LEE 

Established by act of February 27, 1839, from Ogle; organ- 
ized the following September. 

1870 

History of Dixon and Lee County; a retrospective 
sketch of the past, a bird's eye view of the present, 
and a glimpse at the future; natural advantages, 
attractions, Dixon's water power, manufactories, 



COUNTY HISTORIES 325 

educational facilities, public buildings, etc., etc. 
Dixon, Telegraph and herald, 1870. 33 p. W 908 

1880 

History of Dixon and Lee County; chronological record, 
showing the current events and many interesting 
reminiscences in the history of Dixon and Lee 
County, from the earliest white settlement to the 
present; historical and descriptive sketch of Dixon, 
giving a retrospective view of the past ; a full descrip- 
tion of the present city of Dixon; its natural advan- 
tages, attractions, water power, manufactories, edu- 
cational facilities, public buildings, etc., etc. — bio- 
graphy of Father Dixon — sketch of our first schools 
by Dr. Oliver Everett — a full list of soldiers that 
left Dixon for the war of the rebellion, etc. Dixon, 
Telegraph, 1880. 66 p. HC 910 

1881 

History of Lee County; together with biographical 
matter, statistics, etc., gathered from interviews with 
old settlers, county, township, and other records, and 
extracts from files of papers, pamphlets, and such 
other sources as have been available [by Dr. Coch- 
ran, E. S. RicKER, J. H. Atwood, C. F. Atwood, 
and others]. Chicago, Hill, 1881. 873 p. mcWL 

911 

1893 

Recollections of the pioneers of Lee County [edited by 
Seraphina Gardner Smith for the Lee County 
Colimibian Club]. Dixon, Kennedy, 1893. 583 p. 

m 912 



326 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1900 

Standard atlas of Lee County, Illinois . . . compiled 
and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 
1900. 013 

1904 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Lee County, 
edited by Mr. A. C. Bardwell. Chicago, Munsell, 
1904. 831 p. UI 914 

LIVINGSTON 

Established by act of February 27, 1837, from La Salle, 
McLean and unorganized territory attached to Vermilion; 
organized the following June. 

1878 

The history of Livingston County, Illinois ; containing a 
history of the county — its cities, towns, &c.; a 
directory of its tax-payers; war record of its volun- 
teers in the late rebellion; portraits of early settlers, 
and prominent men ; general and local statistics ; map 
of Livingston County . . . Chicago, Le Baron, 
1878. iv, 896 p. UmCNW 915 

1900 

The biographical record of Livingston County, Illinois. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1900. 584 p. 916 

Also with additions as The biographical record of Livingston 
and Woodford counties, Illinois. Ibid. 682 p. W 

There is a copy of the first edition in the pubHsher's office. 

1909 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois; edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Livingston 



COUNTY HISTORIES 327 

County, edited by Christopher C. Strawn, For- 
DYCE B. Johnson, George H. Franzen. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1909. 2 v. UI 917 

1911 

Standard atlas of Livingston County, Illinois ; including 
a plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of 
the county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 191 1. 153, xxiip. L 918 

LOGAN 

Established by act of February 15, 1839, from Sangamon; 
organized the following April; enlarged by acts of January 27, 
1840, and February 26, 1845, from Tazewell and De Witt. 

1878 

History of Logan County, Illinois; its past and present, 
containing a history of the county; its cities, towns, 
etc.; a biographical directory of its citizens; war 
record of its volunteers in the late rebellion ; portraits 
of its early settlers and prominent men; general and 
local statistics . . . map of Logan County . . . 
Chicago, Donnelley, g^c, 1878. 560 p. IHC 919 

1880 

Logan County directory, and statistical record; con- 
taining a brief history of the county, and the several 
cities, towns, and villages composing the same, em- 
bracing a list of the churches, schools, secret and 
literary societies; state, county, city, and town offi- 
cers ; biographical sketches ; a map of Logan County ; 
valuable table of reference, etc., including the result 



328 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

of the census, and elections of 1880; compiled by J. 
F.Hyde. Dwight, Palmer, pr., 1880. 381 p. I 920 

1886 

History of Logan County, Illinois, together with 
sketches of its cities, villages, and towns, educational, 
religious, civil, military, and political history, por- 
traits of prominent persons, and biographies of 
representative citizens . . . Chicago, Interstate 
Publishing Company, 1886. 909 p. 921 

Title from copy in the office of the Lewis Publishing Com- 
pany, Chicago. 

1893 

Plat book of Logan County, Illinois; compiled and 
pubHshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1893. 
87 p. I 922 

1901 

The biographical record of Logan County, Illinois. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1 90 1. 654 p. HW 923 

1910 

Standard atlas of Logan County, IlHnois; including a 
plat-book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle 8c Co. Chicago, 1910. 107, viii, [13] p. L 

924 

1911 

History of Logan County, Illinois; a record of its settle- 
ment, organization, progress, and achievement by 



COUNTY HISTORIES 329 

Lawrence B. Stringer. Chicago, Pioneer Pub- 
lishing Company, 191 1. 2 V. 925 

Title from copy in the office of the Clarke Publishing Com- 
pany, Chicago. 

Mcdonough 

Established by act of January 25, 1826, from unorganized 
territory attached to Schuyler; remained attached to Schuyler 
until organized in July, 1830. 

1871 

Atlas map of McDonough County, Illinois; compiled, 
drawn, and published from personal examinations 
and surveys, by Andreas, Lyter, & Co. Daven- 
port, Iowa, 187 1. 75 p. mew 926 

1878 

History of McDonough County, Illinois, its cities, 
towns and villages, with early reminiscences, personal 
incidents and anecdotes, and a complete business 
directory of the county, by S. J. Clarke. Spring- 
field, Lusk, 1878. 692 p. UIHCNWL 927 

1885 

History of McDonough County, Illinois ; together with 
sketches of the towns, villages and townships, educa- 
tional, civil, military and political history; portraits 
of prominent individuals, and biographies of the 
representative citizens: history of Illinois; embracing 
accounts of the pre-historic and historic races, and a 
brief review of the civil and military history. Spring- 
field, Continental Historical Company, 1885. 1158 

p. mw 928 



330 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Hancock, Mc- 
DoNOUGH, and Henderson counties . . . Chicago, 
Lake City Pubhshing Company, 1894. 59^ P- 
ICNWL 929 

1907 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of McDonough 
County, edited by Alexander McLean . . . Chi- 
cago, Munsell, 1907. 1055 p. UI 930 

McHENRY 

Established by act of January 16, 1836, from Cook and 
unorganized territory attached to La Salle; attached to Cook 
until organized in June, 1837. 

1872 

Combination atlas map of McHenry County, Illinois; 
compiled, drawn, and published from personal exami- 
nations and surveys, by Everts, Baskin, and 
Stewart. Chicago, 1872. 66 p. ffl 931 

1877 

Biographical directory of the tax-payers and voters of 
McHenry County; containing also a map of the 
county; a condensed history of the state of Illinois; 
an historical sketch of the county, its towns and 
villages; an abstract of every-day laws of the state; 
a business directory; officers of societies, lodges, and 
public officers; a department of general information 
for farmers, dairymen, etc., etc. Chicago, Walker, 
1877. 852 p. UH 932 



COUNTY HISTORIES 331 

1885 
History of McHenry County, Illinois; together with 
sketches of its cities, villages, and towns, educational, 
religious, civil, military, and political history; por- 
traits of prominent persons, and biographies of repre- 
sentative citizens; also a condensed history of Illinois, 
embodying accounts of pre-historic races, aborigines, 
Winnebago and Black Hawk wars, and a brief review 
of its civil and political history. Chicago, Interstate 
Publishing Company, 1885. 941 p. UHWL 933 

1892 

Plat book of McHenry County, Illinois; compiled and 
published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1892. 
104 p. ICL 934 

1903 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; including genealogy, family 
records, and biography of McHenry County citizens, 
edited by A. L. Wing Coburn . . . Chicago, 
Mimsell, 1903. iioi p. U 935 

McLEAN 

Established by act of December 25, 1830, from Tazewell and 
unorganized territory attached to Tazewell; organized the 
following March, 

1866 

A gazetteer of McLean County, containing historical 
and descriptive sketches of Bloomington, LeRoy, 
Lexington, Chenoa, Normal, and the several town- 
ships of the county; together with sketches, memo- 
randa, etc., of the volunteers from McLean who 



332 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

served in the war for the Union ; to which is added a 
city directory of Bloomington, and a directory of 
the names, occupation, and post-office address of the 
merchants, manufacturers, and farmers of the town- 
ships and villages ; compiled and published by Bailey 
AND Hair at the office of the Chicago city directory. 
Chicago, Bailey, 1866. xii, 276 p. H 936 

1874 

Atlas of McLean Co. and the state of Illinois ; to which 
is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1874. cxxiii, 89 p. HJCL 937 

1874 

The good old times in McLean County, Illinois; con- 
taining two hundred and sixty-one sketches of old 
settlers, a complete historical sketch of the Black 
Hawk War, and descriptions of all matters of interest 
relating to McLean County, written by Dr. E. 
Duis. Bloomington, Leader, 1874. ^i^, 865 p. 
umcNWL 938 

1879 

The history of McLean County, Illinois; containing a 
history of the county — its cities, towns, &c. ; por- 
traits of early settlers and prominent men; general 
statistics; map of McLean County . . . Chicago, 
Le Baron, 1879. iv, 1078 p. UIHCWL 939 

1887 

Portrait and biographical albimi of McLean County, 
111., containing full page portraits and biographical 



COUNTY HISTORIES 333 

sketches of prominent and representative citizens of 
the county . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1887. 12 10 
p. u 940 

1895 

Plat book of McLean County, IlHnois; drawn from 
actual surveys & county records by the North 
West Publishing Co. [Chicago, Ogle?] 1895. 98 p. 

IJL 941 

1899 

The biographical record of McLean County, Illinois. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1899. 830 p. W 942 

1908 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and history of McLean 
County, edited by Ezra M. Prince, John H. Burn- 
ham. Chicago, Munsell, 1908. 2 v. ui 943 

MACON 

Established by act of January 19, 1839, from unorganized 
territory attached to Shelby; enlarged by act of March 2, 1839, 
from Sangamon; organized the following April. 

1874 

Atlas of Macon Co. and the state of IlHnois, to which is 
added an atlas of the United States, maps of the hem- 
ispheres &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & Beers, 
1874. 67, 93 p. HL 944 

1876 

History of Macon County, Illinois; from its organiza- 
tion to 1876 by John W. Smith, Esq. Springfield, 
Rokker, pr., 1876. 304 p. umc 945 



334 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1880 

History of Macon County, Illinois; with illustrations 
descriptive of its scenery, and biographical sketches 
of some of its prominent men and pioneers. Phila- 
delphia, Brink, etc.y 1880. 242 p. IHNW 946 

1891 

Plat book of Macon County, Illinois; compiled & pub- 
lished by Alden, Ogle, & Co. Chicago, 1891. 91 

p. JCL 947 

1903 

Past and present of the city of Decatur and Macon 
County, Illinois. Chicago, Clarke, 1903. 885 p. 948 
Title from copy in the publisher's office. 

1910 

City of Decatur and Macon County, Illinois; a record 
of settlement, organization, progress, and achieve- 
ment; Hon. William E. Nelson, editor. Chicago, 
Pioneer Publishing Company, 1910. 2 v. IC 949 

MACOUPIN 

Established by act of January 17, 1829, from Madison and 
unorganized territory attached to Greene; organized the 
following April. 

1875 

Atlas of Macoupin Co. and the state of Illinois to which 
is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1875. 47, 93 p. UWL 950 



COUNTY HISTORIES 335 

1879 

History of Macoupin County, Illinois ; with illustrations 
descriptive of its scenery and biographical sketches of 
some of its prominent men and pioneers. Philadel- 
phia, Brink, etc., 1879. 288 p. UIHL 951 

1891 

Portrait and biographical record of Macoupin County, 
Illinois; containing biographical sketches of promi- 
nent and representative citizens of the county . . . 
Chicago, Biographical Publishing Company, 1891. 
902 p. L 952 

1893 

Plat book of Macoupin Co., Illinois; compiled and 
pubhshed by the American Atlas Co. [Chicago, 
Ogle] 1893-94. 79 P- C 953 

1897 

Searching the records [of Macoupin County]; begins 
with the general assembly of 1828-9, at Vandalia, 
Illinois — that year Macoupin County got govern- 
ment life — from this time to the end of 1869 the 
records have been searched for the truth of this 
book — this covers the construction of the three 
court houses — while the records are local to this 
county the questions discussed are forever universal : 
that is — mortgagor and mortgagee, the tax question 
— city, county, state, and federal taxation — bond- 
holder and taxpayer — the money question is grasped 
from a constitutional standpoint — the topics, con- 
fusion, education, success, and the churches are also 



336 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

here discussed; by John Moran, Carlinville, Illinois. 
Springfield, State register, 1897. 201 p. m 954 



1904 

Biographical record — this volume contains biographi- 
cal sketches of leading citizens of Macoupin County, 
Illinois. Chicago, Richmond & Arnold, 1904. 558 
p. H 955 

1911 

History of Macoupin County, Illinois, biographical 
and pictorial; Hon. Charles A. Walker, supervising 
editor. Chicago, Clarke, 191 1. 2 v L 956 

MADISON 

Established by proclamation of Governor Edwards, Septem- 
ber 12, 181 2, from St. Clair and Randolph. 

1866 

Gazetteer of Madison County, containing historical 
and descriptive sketches of Alton City, Upper Alton, 
Edwardsville, Collinsville, Highland, Troy, Monti- 
cello, Marine, Bethalto, and other towns, including 
some account of the resources of the various town- 
ships ; together with an exhibit of the manufacturing 
establishments, newspapers, banks, churches, schools, 
and other institutions of the county; to which is 
added a directory of the Altons, and a list of the 
names, occupation, and residence address of the 
merchants, manufacturers, and farmers, of the town- 
ships and villages of the county. Alton, Hair, 1866. 
292 p. HW 957 



COUNTY HISTORIES 337 

1873 

Illustrated encyclopedia and atlas map of Madison 
County, 111. ; carefully compiled from personal exami- 
nations and surveys. St. Louis, Brink, etc., 1873. 
195 p. raw 958 

1882 

History of Madison County, Illinois ; with biographical 
sketches of many prominent men and pioneers. 
Edwardsville, Brink, 1882. 603 p. uraNWL 959 

1892 

New atlas of Madison County, state of Illinois ; contain- 
ing map of the state of Illinois, sectional map of 
Madison County, plat of each township, together 
with plats of the different cities, towns, and villages 
of Madison County, 111., compiled and published by 
H. RiNiKER, Rob't Hagnauer, and Geo. K. 
Dickson. St. Louis, Barnard, 1892. 84 p. L 960 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Madison County, 
Illinois, containing biographical sketches of prominent 
and representative citizens of the county . . . 
Chicago, Biographical Publishing Company, 1894. 
548 p. L 961 

1906 

Standard atlas of Madison County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chi- 
cago, 1906. 962 

1912 

Centennial history of Madison County, Illinois, and its 
people, 1812-1912; edited and compiled by W. T. 



338 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Norton, Alton; associate editors: Hon. N. G. 
Flagg, Moro, J. S. Hoerner, Highland. Chicago 
& New York, Lewis, 1912. 2 v. I 963 

MARION 

Established by act of January 24, 1833, from Fayette and 
Jefferson; organized the following April. 

1881 

History of Marion and Clinton counties . . . Phila- 
delphia, Brink, etc., 1881. 316 p. UIHNWL 964 

1892 

Plat book of Marion County, Illinois; compiled & 
pubHshed by the Occidental Publishing Co. — 
Geo. a. Ogle & Co., propr^. Chicago, 1892. 83 p. 

ICL 965 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Clinton, Washing- 
ton, Marion, and Jefferson counties . . . Chicago, 
Chapman, 1894. 285 p. UHCNW 966 

1909 

Biographical and reminiscent history of Richland, 

Clay, and Marion counties, Illinois. Indianapolis, 

Bowen, 1909. 608 p. UIL 967 

1909 

Brinkerhoff's History of Marion County, Illinois, 
by Prof. J. H. G. Brinkerhoff. IndianapoHs, 
Bowen, 1909. 862 p. uiL 968 



COUNTY HISTORIES 339 

MARSHALL 

Established by act of January 19, 1839, from Putnam; 
organized the next month; enlarged by act of March i, 1843, 
from La Salle. 

i860 

The history of Putnam and Marshall counties; em- 
bracing an account of the settlement, early progress, 
and formation of Bureau and Stark counties . . . 
by Henry A. Ford. Lacon, author, i860. 160 p. 
UHNWL 969 

1873 

Atlas of Marshall Co. and the state of Illinois to which 

is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1873. [40], 95 P- H 970 

1880 

Records of the olden time; or. Fifty years on the 
prairies ; embracing sketches of the discovery, explora- 
tion and settlement of the country, the organization 
of the counties of Putnam and Marshall, incidents 
and reminiscences connected therewith, biographies of 
citizens, portraits and illustrations; by Spencer 
Ellsworth. Lacon, Home journal, 1880. xvi, 772 p. 
IHL 971 

1890 

Plat book of Marshall and Putnam counties, Illinois, 
compiled and published by Alden, Ogle, & Co. 
Chicago, 1890. 82 p. HCL 972 

1896 

The biographical record of Bureau, Marshall, and 



340 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Putnam counties, Illinois. Chicago, Clarke, 1896. 
737 p. NW 973 

1911 
Standard atlas of Marshall and Putnam counties, 
Illinois; including a plat book of the villages, cities, 
and townships of the counties . . . patrons directory, 
reference business directory . . . compiled and pub- 
lished by Geo. A. Ogle 8c Co. Chicago, 191 1. 98, 
xxii p. L 974 

MASON 

Established by act of January 20, 1841, from Tazewell and 
Menard; organized the following April. 

1874 

Illustrated atlas map of Mason County, Illinois, care- 
fully compiled from personal examinations and sur- 
veys. [Philadelphia] Brink, 1874. 100 P- W 975 

1876 

Centennial history of Mason County, including a 
sketch of the early history of Illinois, its physical 
peculiarities, soils, climate, productions, etc.; by 
Joseph Cochrane. Springfield, Rokker, 1876. 352 

p. H 976 

1879 

The history of Menard and Mason counties, Illinois; 
containing a history of the counties — their cities, 
towns, &c. ; portraits of early settlers and prominent 
men; general statistics; map of Menard and Mason 
counties . . . Chicago, Baskin, 1879. iv, 872 p. 
UfflW 977 



COUNTY HISTORIES 341 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Tazewell and 
Mason counties, Illinois, containing biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens of 
the county . . . Chicago, Biographical Publishing 
Company, 1894. 711 p. L 978 

1902 

Pioneers of Menard and Mason counties; made up of 
personal reminiscences of an early life in Menard 
County, which we gathered in a Salem life from 1 830 
to 1840, and a Petersburg life from 1840 to 1850; 
including personal reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln 
and Peter Cartwright, by T[homas] G. Onstot. 
Forest City, Onstot, 1902. 400 p. IHCWL 979 



MASSAC 

Established by act of February 8, 1843, from Pope and 
Jefferson; organized the following April. 



1893 

The biographical review of Johnson, Massac, Pope, 
and Hardin counties . . . Chicago, Biographical 
PubHshing Company, 1893. 622 p. UIHCNWL 980 

1900 

History of Massac County, Illinois, with life sketches 

and portraits by 0[liver] J. Page . . . [Metropolis, 

1900?] 383 p. UIHCWL 981 

Contains also some material on Pope and Johnson coimties. 



342 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

MENARD 

Established by act of February 15, 1839, from Sangamon; 
organized the following April. 

1874 

Illustrated atlas map of Menard County, Illinois; care- 
fully compiled from personal examinations and sur- 
veys. [Philadelphia] Brink, 1874. 117 p. IW 982 

1879 

The history of Menard and Mason counties . . . 
Chicago, Baskin, 1879. iv, 872 p. UEHW 983 

1893 

Menard-Salem-Lincoln souvenir albimi; edited and 

pubhshed by the Illinois Woman's Columbian 
Club of Menard County. Petersburg, 1893. 
[30] p. umL 984 

Contains brief historical sketches of the county and its towns 
and a few biographical sketches. 

1902 

Pioneers of Menard and Mason counties ... by 
T[homas] G. Onstot. Forest City, Onstot, 1902. 
400 p. ICWL 985 

1905 

Past and present of Menard County, Illinois, by Rev. 
R. D. Miller. Chicago, Clarke, 1905. 552 p. u 

986 

MERCER 

Established by act of January 13, 1825, from unorganized 
territory attached to Pike; attached to Schuyler and later to 
Peoria until organized in April, 1835. 



COUNTY HISTORIES 343 

1882 
History of Mercer county . . . containing also a short 
History of Henderson County. Chicago, Hill, 1882. 
912 p. w 987 

Enlarged ed. as History of Mercer and Henderson counties 
. . . Ibid. 1414 p. IH 

1892 

Plat book of Mercer County, Illinois; compiled & pub- 
lished by Alden, Ogle, & Co. Chicago, 1892. 85 
p. c 988 

1903 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of Mercer 
County edited by Col. Wm. A. Lorimer. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1903. 798 p. I 989 



MONROE 

Established by act of the territorial legislature, January 6, 
18 16, from St. Clair and Randolph; organized the following 
June; enlarged by acts of January 15, 1825, January 9, 1827, 
and January 20, 1829, from St. Clair. 

1883 

Combined history of Randolph, Monroe, and Perry 
counties, Illinois; with illustrations descriptive of 
their scenery and biographical sketches of some of 
their prominent men and pioneers. Philadelphia, 
McDonough, 1883 510 p. UfflNW 990 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Randolph, Jackson, 
Perry, and Monroe counties . . . Chicago, Bio- 



344 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

graphical Publishing Company, 1894. 882 p. CWL 

991 
1901 
Standard atlas of Monroe County, Illinois . . . com- 
piled and pubHshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chi- 
cago, 1 90 1. 992 

MONTGOMERY 

Established by act of February 12, 1821, from Bond and 
Madison; organized the following April; enlarged by act of 
January 23, 1827, from Fayette. 

1874 

Illustrated atlas map of Montgomery County, 111., 
carefully compiled from personal examinations and 
surveys. [Philadelphia] Brink, etc., 1874. 109 p. 

W 993 

1882 

History of Bond and Montgomery counties, IlHnois, 
edited by William Henry Perrin. Chicago, Bas- 
kin, 1882. 419, 333 p. UIHW 994 

1892 

Portrait and biographical record of Montgomery and 
Bond counties . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1892. 518 
p. UHCNL 995 

1904 
Past and present of Montgomery County, Illinois, by 
Jacob L. Traylor. Chicago, Clarke, 1904. 770 p. 

996 
Title from copy in the publisher's office. 

1912 

Standard atlas of Montgomery County, IlHnois; includ- 



COUNTY HISTORIES 345 

ing a plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of 
the county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled by Geo. A. Ogle and Co., 
Chicago, assisted in record work and platting by the 
Montgomery County Abstract Company, Hills- 
boro, Illinois. Chicago, Ogle, 191 2. 125, xxiiip. L 

997 

MORGAN 

Established by act of January 31, 1823, from Sangamon and 
unorganized territory attached to Greene; organized the 
following March. 

1872 

Atlas map of Morgan County, Illinois; compiled, drawn 
and published from personal examinations and sur- 
veys, by Andreas, Lyter, & Co. Davenport, Iowa, 
1872. 127 p. fflWL 998 

1873 

Early history of the "Sangamon country;" being notes 

on the first settlements in the territory now com- 
prised within the limits of Morgan, Scott, and Cass 
counties, by John G. Henderson. Davenport, 
Iowa, Day, etc., 1873. 33 P- rw 999 

1878 

History of Morgan County, Illinois; its past and pres- 
ent, containing a history of the county; its cities, 
towns, etc.; a biographical directory of its citizens; 
war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion ; por- 
traits of its early settlers and prominent men ; general 
and local statistics . . . Chicago, Donnelley, etc., 
1878. 768 p. umcL 1000 



346 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1885 

Historic Morgan and classic Jacksonville, compiled in 
1884-85 by Charles M. Eames, with introduction 
by Prof. Harvey W. Milligan, of Illinois College. 
Jacksonville, Journal, 1885. 336, xxviii p. UIHL 

lOOI 

1889 

Portrait and biographical album of Morgan and Scott 
counties, Ills., containing full page portraits and 
biographical sketches of prominent and representative 
citizens . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1889. 620 p. 

UIC 1002 

1894 

Plat book of Morgan County, Ilhnois; compiled and 
published by the American Atlas Company 
[Chicago, Ogle] 1894. 87 p. IJCL 1003 

1906 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Morgan 
County edited by William F. Short. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1906. 984 p. Ul 1004 

MOULTRIE 

Established by act of February 16, 1843, from Shelby and 
Macon; organized the following April. 

1875 

Atlas of Moultrie Co. and the state of Illinois to which 
is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1875. 31, 93 p. HL 1005 



COUNTY HISTORIES 347 

1881 

Combined history of Shelby and Moultrie counties, 
IlHnois ; with illustrations descriptive of their scenery 
and biographical sketches of some of their prominent 
men and pioneers. Philadelphia, Brink, etc., 1881. 
344 p. UmNWL 1006 

I89I 

Portrait and biographical record of Shelby and Moul- 
trie counties, Illinois, containing biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
of the counties . . . Chicago, Biographical Pub- 
lishing Company, 1891. 726 p. CL 1007 

1896 

Standard atlas of Moultrie County, Illinois, including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . farmers directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle 8c Co. Chicago, 1896. 54, xxii p. C 1008 

OGLE 

Established by act of January 16, 1836, from Jo Daviess and 
unorganized territory attached to La Salle; attached to Jo 
Daviess until organized the follo\^^ng December; enlarged by 
act of Feburary 22, 1839, from Jo Daviess. 

1859 

Sketches of the history of Ogle County, 111., and 

the early settlement of the Northwest; written for 

the Polo advertiser. Polo, Boss, 1859. 76 p. 

UMIHCNWL 1009 

The name " Waterbury " is written in as author on the title- 
page of the copy in the Newberry Library. 



348 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1872 

Combination atlas map of Ogle County, Illinois, com- 
piled, drawn and published from personal examina- 
tions and surveys by Everts, Baskin, and Stewart. 
Chicago, 1872. 99 p. H loio 

1878 

The history of Ogle County, Illinois; containing a 
history of the county, its cities, towns, etc., a bio- 
graphical directory of its citizens, war record of its 
volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local 
statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent 
m.en . . . map of Ogle County . . . Chicago, Kett, 
1878. viii, 858 p. UmCNWL loii 

1886 

Portrait and biographical album of Ogle County, Illi- 
nois; containing full page portraits and biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens of 
the county . . . also containing a history of the 
county, from its earliest settlement up to the present 
time. Chicago, Chapman, 1886. 905 p. U 1012 

1893 

Plat book of Ogle County, Illinois; compiled and pub- 
Hshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1893. 112 

p. CL 1013 

1899 

The biographical record of Ogle County, Illinois. Chi- 
cago, Clarke, 1899. 492 p. UWL 1014 



COUNTY HISTORIES 349 

1909 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Ogle County, 
edited by Horace G. Kauffman, Rebecca H. 
Kauffman. Chicago, Munsell, 1909. 2 v. U 1015 

1912 

Standard atlas of Ogle County, Illinois; including a plat 
book of the villages, cities, and townships, of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled by Geo. A. Ogle & Co., 
Chicago, assisted in record work and platting by 
Chas. D. Etnyre & Co., abstractors, Oregon, 111. 
Chicago, Ogle, 191 2. 129, xxiii p. L 1016 

PEORIA 

Established by act of January 13, 1825, from Fulton and 
unorganized territory attached to Fulton; organized the 
following March. 

1873 

Atlas map of Peoria County, Illinois; compiled, drawn 
and published from personal examinations and sur- 
veys, by A. T. Andreas. Chicago, 1873. 196 p. 
IH 1017 

1880 

The history of Peoria County, Illinois; containing a 
history of the Northwest — history of Illinois — 
history of the county, its early settlement, growth, 
development, resources, etc., etc. — a sketch of its 
cities and towns, their improvements, industries, 
manufactories, churches, schools, etc., etc. — a war 
record of its volunteers in the late rebellion — general 



\ 



350 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

and local statistics — biographical sketches — por- 
traits of early settlers and prominent men — map of 
Peoria County — constitution of the United States 
— miscellaneous matters — tables, etc., etc. Chi- 
cago, Johnson, 1880. 851 p. mWL 1018 

1890 

Portrait and biographical album of Peoria County, 
Illinois ; containing full page portraits and biograph- 
ical sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
of the county . . . Chicago, Biographical Publishing 
Company, 1890. 984 p. UC 1019 

1896 

Standard atlas of Peoria city and county, Illinois, in- 
cluding a plat book of the villages, cities, and town- 
ships of the county . . . farmers directory, reference 
business directory . . . M. Huebinger, C.E., Peoria, 
111. Chicago, Ogle, 1896. 148, xxii p. ICL 

1020 

1902 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of Peoria 
County, edited by David McCulloch. Chicago 
& Peoria, Mimsell, 1902. 2 v. UIN 1021 



1912 

Peoria city and county, Illinois; a record of settlement, 
organization, progress and achievement by Col. 



COUNTY HISTORIES 351 

James M. Rice. Chicago, Clarke, 19 12. 2 v. u 

1022 

The second volume was reissued with the title: Peoria city 
and county, Illinois; pictorial and biographical; de luxe supple- 
ment (Ibid.). There is a copy in this form in the publisher's 
office. 

PERRY 

Established by act of January 29, 1827, from Randolph and 
Jackson; organized the following May. 

1883 

Combined history of Randolph, Monroe, and Perry 
counties . . . Philadelphia, McDonough, 1883. 
510 p. umNW 1023 

1894 
Portrait and biographical record of Randolph, Jackson, 
Perry, and Monroe counties . . . Chicago, Bio- 
graphical Publishing Company, 1894. 882 p. CWL 

1024 
PIATT 

Established by act of January 27, 1841, from De Witt and 
Macon; organized the following April. 

1875 

Atlas of Piatt Co. and the state of Illinois; to which is 
added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., i&c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1875. 39, 93 p. HCL 1025 

1883 

History of Piatt County, together with a brief history 
of Illinois from the discovery of the upper Mississippi 
to the present time; by Emma C. Piatt; with map 



352 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

and illustrations. [Chicago, Shepard & Johnston, 
pr., 1883.] 643 p. UI 1026 

1891 

Portrait and biographical album of De Witt and Piatt 
counties . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1891. 992 p. 
IL 1027 

I91O 

Standard atlas of Piatt County, Illinois; including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of 
the county . . . patrons directory, reference busi- 
ness directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. 
A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 19 10. 73, xxii p. L 1028 

PIKE 

Established by act of January 31, 1821, from Madison, Bond, 
and Clark; organized the following March. 

1872 

Atlas map of Pike County, Illinois; compiled, drawn 
and published from personal examinations and sur- 
veys, by Andreas, Lyter, & Co. Davenport, Iowa, 
1872. 120, 138 p. L (incomplete, H) 1029 

1877 

History of Pike County ; a centennial address delivered 
by Hon. William A. Grimshaw at Pittsfield, Pike 
County, Illinois, July 4 1876. Pittsfield, Democrat, 
pr. [1877]. 46 p. L 1029a 

1880 

History of Pike County, Illinois ; together with sketches 
of its cities, villages and townships, educational, 



COUNTY HISTORIES 353 

religious, civil, military, and political history; por- 
traits of prominent persons and biographies of 
representative citizens . . . Chicago, Chapman, 
1880. 966 p. UmCNWL 1030 

I89I 

Portrait and biographical albirni of Pike and Calhoun 
counties . . . Chicago, Biographical Publishing 
Company, 1891. 808 p. HL 1031 

1906 

Past and present of Pike County, Illinois, by Capt. M. 
D. Massie; together with biographical sketches of 
many of its prominent and leading citizens and 
illustrious dead. Chicago, Clarke, 1906. 751 p. 
U 1032 

I9I2 

Standard atlas of Pike County, Illinois, including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1912. 121, xxiii p. L 1033 

POPE 

Established by act of the territorial legislature, January 16, 
181 6, from Johnson and Gallatin. 

1893 

The biographical review of Johnson, Massac, Pope, and 
Hardin counties . . . Chicago, Biographical Pub- 
lishing Company, 1893. 622 p. UIHCNWL 1034 
See also, History of Massac County (no. 981). 



354 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

PULASKI 

Established by act of March 3, 1843, from Johnson and 
Alexander; organized the following August. 

1883 

History of Alexander, Union, and Pulaski counties, 
Illinois, edited by William Henry Perrin. Chi- 
cago, Baskin, 1883. 558, 338 p. IHW 1035 

PUTNAM 

A Putnam County was established by act of January 13, 
1825, from unorganized territory attached to Pike and Edgar but 
was never organized. Re-estabHshed by act of January 1 5, 1 83 1 , 
from Jo Daviess and unorganized territory attached to Peoria; 
organized the following March. 

i860 

The history of Putnam and Marshall counties; embrac- 
ing an account of the settlement, early progress, and 
formation of Bureau and Stark counties ... by 
Henry A. Ford. Lacon, author, i860. 160 p. 
UHNWL 1036 

1880 

Records of the olden time . . . counties of Putnam 
and Marshall ... by Spencer Ellsworth. Lacon, 
Home journal, 1880. xvi, 772 p. IHL 1037 

1890 

Plat book of Marshall and Putnam counties, Illinois, 
compiled and published by Alden, Ogle, & Co. 
Chicago, 1890. 82 p. HCL 1038 



COUNTY HISTORIES 355 

1896 

The biographical record of Bureau, Marshall, and Put- 
nam counties, Illinois. Chicago, Clarke, 1 896. 737 p. 
NW 1039 

I911 

Standard atlas of Marshall and Putnam counties . . . 
compiled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. 
Chicago, 191 1. 98, xxii p. L 1040 

RANDOLPH 

Established by proclamation of Governor St. Clair of the 
Northwest Territory, October 5, 1795, from St. Clair; enlarged 
by proclamation of Governor Harrison of Indiana Territory, 
March 25, 1803, from St. Clair. 

1859 

A directory, business mirror, and historical sketches of 

Randolph County: containing the name, residence, 
and occupation of every citizen of the county; with 
a condensed sketch of Kaskaskia and Prairie du 
Rocher, commencing with their Indian history; a 
sketch of Chester, Sparta, Red Bud, Liberty, Steeles- 
ville, Eden, Evansville, Coulterville, Lafayette, Pres- 
ton, Florence, Shiloh Hill, Randolph and Camptown; 
also a condensed sketch of Randolph County, from 
the time of its organization; with brief notes of the 
pioneer settlers, by E. J. Montague. Alton, Cour- 
ier, 1859. 246 p. UMfflWL 1041 

1875 

An illustrated historical atlas map of Randolph County, 
Ills.; carefully compiled from personal examinations 



356 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

and surveys. [Philadelphia] Brink, 1875. 102 p. 
MIHW 1042 

1883 

Combined history of Randolph, Monroe, and Perry 
counties . . . Philadelphia, McDonough, 1883. 
510 p. UIHNW 1043 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Randolph, Jackson, 
Perry, and Monroe counties . . . Chicago, Bio- 
graphical Publishing Company, 1894. 882 p. CWL 

1044 

RICHLAND 

Established by act of February 24, 1841, from Clay and 
Lawrence; organized the following August. 

1884 

Counties of Cumberland, Jasper, and Richland, 
Illinois; historical and biographical. Chicago, Bat- 
tey, 1884. vii, 839p. UIHNWL 1045 

1901 

Standard atlas of Richland County, Illinois; including 
a plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of 
the county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by George 
A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1901. 33, xxii p. UHL 

1046 

1909 

Biographical and reminiscent history of Richland, 
Clay, and Marion counties, Illinois. Indianapolis, 
Bowen, 1909. 608 p. UIL 1047 



uf UTAH. 

COUNTY HISTORIES 357 

ROCK ISLAND 

Established by act of Febraary 9, 1831, from Jo Daviess; 
remained attached to Jo Daviess until organized in July, 1833. 

1877 

The past and present of Rock Island County, 111.; 
containing a history of the county, its cities, tovi^ns, 
&c., a biographical directory of its citizens, war 
record of its volunteers in the late rebellion, portraits 
of early settlers and prominent men, general and local 
statistics, map of Rock Island County . . . Chi- 
cago, Kett, 1877. 474 p. HW 1048 

1885 

Portrait and biographical album of Rock Island Coun- 
ty, Illinois; containing full page portraits and bio- 
graphical sketches of prominent and representative 
citizens of the county . . . also containing a history 
of the county, from its earliest settlement to the pres- 
ent time. Chicago, Biographical PubHshing Com- 
pany, 1885. 812 p. UHW 1049 

1894 

Plat book of Rock Island County, Illinois, drawn from 
actual surveys and county records by the North- 
west Publishing Co. [Chicago, Ogle?] 1894. 
74 p. I 1050 

1895 

Illustrated souvenir of Rock Island County containing 
one hundred and fifty engravings, the order of exer- 
cises for the laying of the comer stone of the new court 
house, interesting old-time history of Rock Island 



3S8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

County, and a complete roster of all the soldiers who 
enlisted and served in the Civil War from this county. 
Rock Island, Quayle, 1895. 76 p. I 1051 

1897 

The biographical record of Rock Island County, Illi- 
nois. Chicago, Clarke, 1897. 4^6 p. NWL 1052 

1905 

Atlas of Rock Island County, Illinois ; containing maps 
of villages, cities, and townships of the county; maps 
of state, United States, and world ; farmers directory, 
business directory, general information. Daven- 
port, Iowa, Iowa Publishing Company, 1905. 184 p. 
JL 1053 

ST. CLAIR 

Established by proclamation of Governor St. Clair of the 
Northwest Territory, April 27, 1790, from unorganized terri- 
tory. 

1874 

An illustrated historical atlas of St. Clair Co., Illinois; 
compiled, drawn, and published from personal exami- 
nations & surveys by Warner & Beers. Chicago, 

1874. 115 p. HC 1054 

1876 

History of St. Clair County, Illinois, prepared for the 
county centennial celebration of American indepen- 
dence, July 4th, 1876 [by Edward William West]. 
Belleville, Advocate, 1876. 41 p. IW 1055 



COUNTY HISTORIES 359 

1881 

History of St. Clair County, Illinois; with illustrations 
descriptive of its scenery and biographical sketches of 
some of its prominent men and pioneers; by Brink, 
McDoNOUGH & Co. Philadelphia, 1881. 400 p. 
umcNWL 1056 

1892 

Portrait and biographical record of St. Clair County, 
Illinois; containing biographical sketches of promi- 
nent and representative citizens . . . Chicago, 
Chapman, 1892. 672 p. UHCNL 1057 

1907 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of St. Clair 
County edited by A. S. Wilderman, A. A. Wilder- 
man. Chicago, Munsell, 1907. 2 v. XJI 1058 

SALINE 

Established by act of February 25, 1847, from Gallatin; 
organized the follo\\dng August, 

1887 

History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin, and 
Williamson counties . . . Chicago, Goodspeed, 
1887. xiii, 961 p. urw 1059 

1909 

Standard atlas of Saline County, Illinois . . . compiled 
and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 
1909. 1060 



36o ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

SANGAMON 

Established by act of January 30, 182 1, from Madison and 
Bond; organized the following April. 

1866 

Sangamon Co. gazetteer containing historical and 
descriptive sketches of the several townships of the 
county, together with city directories of Springfield 
and Jacksonville, and a directory of the names, 
occupation, and post ofhce address of the merchants, 
manufacturers, and farmers of the townships and 
villages throughout Sangamon Co.; to which are 
added complete business registers and registers of 
state, city, and county organizations, societies, public 
buildings, &c., also a list of the post offices in 
Illinois, and a list of money order offices throughout 
the United States; compiled and published by 
John C. W. Bailey. Springfield & Chicago, Bailey, 
1866. 426 p. I 1061 

1874 

Illustrated atlas map of Sangamon County, 111.; care- 
fully compiled from personal examinations and sur- 
veys. [Philadelphia] Brink, etc., 1874. 108 p. 
UIHW 1062 

1876 

History of the early settlers of Sangamon County, 
Illinois; centennial record by John Carroll Power, 
assisted by his wife Mrs. S. A. Power, under the 
auspices of the old settlers' society. Springfield, 
Wilson, 1876. 797 p. UMIHJCNWL 1063 



COUNTY HISTORIES 361 

1877 

Springfield city directory and Sangamon County 
record, biographical and statistical, 1877-78; con- 
taining directories of the cities, villages, and farming 
districts of Sangamon County, Illinois, on the copy- 
righted plan of M. G. Tousley & Co's statistical 
directories, with brief business and personal notes 
interspersed; also containing much general informa- 
tion not generally given in such works. Springfield, 
Tousley, 1877. 276 p. UJ 1064 

Bound with Illinois legislative manual for joth general as- 
sembly, iSyy and i8j8 (Ibid. 188 p.) 

1881 

History of Sangamon County, Illinois; together with 
sketches of its cities, villages, and townships, educa- 
tional, religious, civil, military, and political history; 
portraits of prominent persons, and biographies of 
representative citizens . . . Chicago, Interstate 
Publishing Company, 1 88 1. 1067 p. UIHCW 1065 

1891 

Portraits and biographical albimi of Sangamon County, 
IlHnois; containing full page portraits and bio- 
graphical sketches of prominent and representative 
citizens of the county . . . Chicago, Chapman, 
1 89 1. 856 p. UICL 1066 

1894 
Plat book of Sangamon County, Illinois; compiled and 
pubHshed by Field Publishing Co. Chicago 
[Ogle?], 1894. 88 p. ICL 1067 



362 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1904 

Past and present of the city of Springfield and Sanga- 
mon County, Illinois, by Joseph Wallace. Chi- 
cago, Clarke, 1904. 2 v. ICL 1068 

1912 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Sangamon 
County by special authors and contributors, Paul 
Selby, editor. Chicago, Munsell, 19 12. 2 v. in 
3. UIL 1069 

SCHUYLER 

Established by act of January 13, 1825, from Pike, Fulton, 
and unorganized territory attached to Pike; organized the 
following July. 

1872 

Atlas map of Schuyler County, Illinois; compiled, 
drawn, and published from personal examinations 
and surveys by Andreas, Lyter, & Co. Daven- 
port, Iowa, 1872. 65 p. H 1070 

1876 

Henry S. Metz's History and reminiscences of 
Schuyler County, Illinois, and addresses read and 
delivered at the centennial celebration, July 4, 1876, 
in Rushville, Illinois. Rushville, 1876. 14 p. L 

1071 

1882 

Combined history of Schuyler and Brown counties . . . 
Philadelphia, Brink, 1882. 412 p. IHNW 1072 



COUNTY HISTORIES 363 

1908 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Schuyler 
County, edited by Howard F. Dyson. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1908. 975 p. UI 1073 

SCOTT 

Established by act of February 16, 1839, from Morgan; 
organized the next month. 

1873 

Atlas map of Scott County, Illinois; compiled, drawn, 
and published from personal examinations and sur- 
veys by Andreas, Lyter, & Co. Davenport, Iowa, 
1873- 51 P- HCL 1074 

1873 

Early history of the "Sangamon country;" being notes 
on the first settlements in the territory now comprised 
within the limits of Morgan, Scott, and Cass coun- 
ties, by John G. Henderson. Davenport, Iowa, 
Day, etc., 1873. 33 p. IW 1075 

1876 

Historical sketch of Scott County, Illinois, by N. M. 
Knapp; also response to a toast by John Moses, de- 
livered at Winchester, Illinois, July 4th, 1876. Win- 
chester, Times, 1876. 36 p. IH 1076 

1889 

Portrait and biographical albimi of Morgan and Scott 
counties . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1889. 620 p. 
UIC 1077 



364 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

SHELBY 

Established by act of January 23, 1827, from Fayette; 
organized the following April. 

1875 

Atlas of Shelby Co. and the state of IlHnois; to which is 
added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1875. 49, 93 P- L 1078 

1881 

Combined history of Shelby and Moultrie counties . . 
Philadelphia, Brink, etc., 1881. 344 p. UIHNWL 

1079 

1891 

Portrait and biographical record of Shelby and 
Moultrie counties . . . Chicago, Biographical Pub- 
lishing Company, 1891. 726 p. CL 1080 

1895 

Plat book of Shelby County, Illinois; compiled and 
pubHshed by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1895. 
56, viii p. L 1081 

1900 

Historic sketch and biographical album of Shelby 
County, Illinois; embeUished with portraits of well 
known residents of Shelby County, Illinois. Shelby- 
ville. Wilder, 1900. 313 p. H 1082 

1910 

Historical encyclopedia of IlHnois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Shelby 



COUNTY HISTORIES 3^5 

County, edited by George D. Chafee. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1910. ii03p. UI 1083 

STARK 

Established by act of March 2, 1839, from Knox and Putnam; 
organized the next month. 

i860 

The history of Putnam and Marshall counties, Illinois ; 
embracing an account of the settlement, early prog- 
ress, and formation of Bureau and Stark counties 
... by Henry A. Ford. Lacon, author, i860. 

160 p. UHNWL 1084 

1873 

Atlas of Stark Co. and the state of Illinois; to which is 
added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1873. xxxix, 95 p. HCL 1085 

1876 

Stark County and its pioneers by Mrs. E. H. Shallen- 
BERGER. Cambridge, Seaton, pr., 1876. 328 p. 
fflNL 1086 

1887 

Documents and biography pertaining to the settlement 
and progress of Stark County, Illinois, containing 
an authentic stmimary of records, documents, his- 
torical works, and newspapers, relating to Indian 
history, original settlement, organization and poli- 
tics, courts and bar, citizen soldiers, military societies, 
marriages, churches, schools, secret, benevolent, and 
literary societies, etc.; together with biography of 



366 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

representative men of the past and present; written 
from records and personal reminiscences, by M. A. 
Leeson. Chicago, Leeson, 1787. 708 p. HW 1087 



1907 

Standard atlas of Stark County, Illinois . . . compiled 
and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 
1907. 1088 

STEPHENSON 

Established by act of March 4, 1837, from Winnebago and 
Jo Daviess; organized the following May. 

1854 

Sketches of the history of Stephenson County, 111., and 
incidents connected with the early settlement of the 
Northwest, written for the editor of the Freeport 
bulletin by William J. Johnston. Freeport, Burn- 
side, 1854. 102 p. NW 1089 
Typewritten copy made at Polo in 191 1. 86 p. H 

1871 

Combination atlas map of Stephenson County, Illinois ; 
compiled, drawn, and published from personal 
examinations and surveys by Thompson and 
Everts. Geneva, 1871. 66 p. hwl 1090 

1876 

Historical sketch of Stephenson County, 111.; compiled 
by S. D. Atkins — July 4, 1876. Freeport journal, 
XXI, no. 13, supplement (July 5, 1876). H 1091 



COUNTY HISTORIES 367 

1880 

The history of Stephenson County, IlHnois, containing 
a history of the county, its cities, towns, &c., bio- 
graphical sketches of citizens, war record of its 
volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local 
statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent 
men . . . map of Stephenson County . . . [com- 
piled by M. H. Tilden]. Chicago, Western Histori- 
cal Company, 1880. 786 p. mcwL 1092 

1888 

Portrait and biographical albimi of Stephenson County, 
111.; containing full page portraits and biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens of 
the county . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1888. 776 p. 
U 1093 

1894 

Plat book of Stephenson County, Illinois; drawn from 
actual surveys & county records by the North 
West Publishing Co. [Chicago] 1894. 67 p. IL 

1094 

1910 

History of Stephenson County, Illinois; a record of its 
settlement, organization, and three-quarters of a 
century of progress, by Addison L. Ful wider . . . 
Chicago, Clarke, 1910. 2 v. ICW 1095 

TAZEWELL 

Established by act of January 31, 1827, from Fayette and 
unorganized territory attached to Peoria; organized the fol- 
lowing April. 



368 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1873 

Atlas map of Tazewell County, Illinois; compiled, 
drawn, 8c published from personal examinations and 
surveys by Andreas, Lyter, & Co. Davenport, 
Iowa, 1873. 133 p. HCL 1096 

1879 

History of Tazewell County, Illinois; with sketches of 
its cities, villages and townships; educational, re- 
ligious, civil, military, and political history; portraits 
of prominent persons and biographies of representa- 
tive citizens . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1879. 794 
p. L 1097 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Tazewell and Ma- 
son counties . . . Chicago, Biographical Publishing 
Company, 1894. 711 p. L 1098 

1905 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
B AXEMAN, Paul Selby; and History of Tazewell 
County, edited by Ben C. Allensworth. Chicago, 
Munsell, 1905. 2 v. Ul 1099 

1910 

Standard atlas of Tazewell County, Illinois, including 
a plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of 
the county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 19 10. 127, xxiip. L iioo 



COUNTY HISTORIES 369 

UNION 

Established by act of the territorial legislature, January 2, 
1818, from Johnson; organized the next month. 

1881 

An atlas of Union County, Illinois ; from actual surveys 
under the direction of B. N. Griffing. Philadel- 
phia, Lake, 1881. 49 p. IWL iioi 

1883 

History of Alexander, Union, and Pulaski counties, 
Illinois, edited by William Henry Perrin. Chi- 
cago, Baskin, 1883. 558, 338 p. IHW 1102 

1908 

Standard atlas of Union County, Illinois . . . compiled 
and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 
1908. 1 103 

VERMILION 

Established by act of January 18, 1826, from unorganized 
territory attached to Edgar; organized the following March; 
enlarged by act of February 26, 1833, from unorganized terri- 
tory attached to Vermilion. 

1870 

Vermilion County, historical, and descriptive; a hand- 
book containing the description, resources, prospects, 
and history of Vermilion County, Illinois ; sketches of 
Fairmount, Rossville, Georgetown, and other towns 
of this county; official directory of the United States 
government, state of Illinois, Vermilion County, city 
of Danville, and the fifteen townships of the county; 
statistics of Danville and the townships of Vermilion 



370 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

County; a description and directory of Danville, a 
lithograph map of Vermilion county, useful tables, 
items of progress, etc., etc., prepared and published 
by H. A. CoFFEEN. Danville, 1870. 116 p. uiw 

Z104 

1875 

An illustrated historical atlas map of Vermilion County, 
111.; carefully compiled from personal examinations 
and surveys. [Philadelphia] Brink, 1875. n? P- 
W 1 105 

1879 

History of Vermilion County, together with historic 
notes on the Northwest, gleaned from early authors, 
old maps and manuscripts, private and official corre- 
spondence, and other authentic, though, for the most 
part, out-of-the-way sources; by H. W. Beckwith. 
Chicago, Hill, 1879. 1041 p. UIHCWL 1106 

1889 

Portrait and biographical album of Vermilion County, 
Illinois ; containing full page portraits and biographi- 
cal sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
of the county . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1889. 722 
p. UL 1107 

1895 

Standard atlas of Vermilion County, Illinois, including 
a plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . farmers directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1895. 84, viii p. c 1108 



COUNTY HISTORIES 371 

1903 

The past and present of Vermilion County, Illinois. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1903. 1158 p. IHL 1109 

1907 

Atlas of Vermilion County, Illinois ; containing maps of 
the county, townships, cities, and villages. Danville, 
Boudinot, 1907. 59 maps. L mo 

1911 

History of Vermilion County, Illinois ; a tale of its evo- 
lutimi, settlement, and progress for nearly a century 
byXOTTiE E. Jones. Chicago, Pioneer Publishing 
Company, 191 1. 2 v. UICL iiii 

WABASH 

Established by act of December 27, 1827, from Edwards; 
organized the following April, 

1883 

Combined history of Edwards, Lawrence, and Wabash 
counties . . . Philadelphia, McDonough, 1883. 
377 p. UIHWL 1112 

1911 
Illinois historical; editors, Newton B axeman, Paul 
Selby; Wabash County, biographical; editor, Theo- 
dore G. RiSLEY. Chicago, Munsell, 191 1. 828 p. 
XJI 1113 

WARREN 

Established by act of January 13, 1825, from unorganized 
territory attached to Pike; attached to Schuyler and later to 
Peoria until organized in July, 1830. 



372 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1872 

Atlas of Warren Co. and the state of Illinois; to which is 
added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner, etc., 
1872. [18], 95 p. L (incomplete, H) 1114 

1877 

The past and present of Warren County, Illinois; con- 
taining a history of the county — its cities, towns, 
&c. ; a biographical directory of its citizens, war record 
of its volunteers in the late rebellion, portraits of 
early settlers and prominent men, general and local 
statistics, map of Warren County . , . Chicago, 
Kett, 1877. 352 p. IHCWL 1115 

1886 

Portrait and biographical album of Warren County, 
Illinois ; containing full page portraits and biographi- 
cal sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
of the county . . . also containing a history of the 
county from its earliest settlement up to the present 
time. Chicago, Chapman, 1886. 779 p. UC 11 16 

1893 

Plat book of Warren County, Illinois; compiled and 
published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1893. 

79 p. L 1117 

1903 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, edited by Newton 
Bateman, Paul Selby; and History of Warren 
County, edited by Hugh R. Moffet, Thomas H. 
Rogers. Chicago, Munsell, 1903. 2 v. UINW 1118 



COUNTY HISTORIES 373 

1912 

Standard atlas of Warren County, Illinois, including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of 
the county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1912. 83 p. L 1119 

WASHINGTON 

Established by act of the territorial legislature, January 2, 
1818, from St. Clair; organized the following March. 

1879 

History of Washington County, Illinois; with illustra- 
tions descriptive of its scenery, and biographical 
sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers. 
Philadelphia, Brink, etc., 1879. 97 p. IW 1120 

1894 

Portrait and biographical record of Clinton, Washing- 
ton, Marion, and Jefferson counties . . . Chicago, 
Chapman, 1894. 285 p. UHCNW 1121 

1906 

Standard atlas of Washington County, Illinois . . . 
compiled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. 
Chicago, 1906. 1 122 

WAYNE 

EstabHshed by act of March 26, 1819, from Edwards; organ- 
ized the following September. 

1881 

An atlas of Wayne County, lUinois, from actual surveys 



374 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

under the direction of B. N. Griffing. Philadel- 
phia, Lake, 1881. 63 p. IHJW 1123 

1884 

History of Wayne and Clay counties, Illinois. Chi- 
cago, Globe Publishing Company, 1884. 474, 242 
p. UIHW 1 124 

1910 

Standard atlas of Wayne County, Illinois; including a 
plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, Ogle, 1910. 85, viii, [13] p. 
JL 1125 

WHITE 

Established by act of December 9, 181 5, from Gallatin; 
organized the following February, 

1883 

History of White County, Illinois; together with 
sketches of its cities, villages and townships; educa- 
tional, religious, civil, military, and political history; 
portraits of prominent persons, and biographies of 
representative citizens . . . Chicago, Interstate 
PubHshing Company, 1883. 972 p. fflW 1126 

1901 

Illustrated atlas of White County, Illinois. Evansville, 
Indiana, Keller & Fuller, 1901. 45, [32] p. IC 1127 



COUNTY HISTORIES 375 

WHITESIDE 

Established by act of January 16, 1836, from Jo Daviess and 
Henry; attached to Jo Daviess and later to Ogle until organized 
in May, 1839. 

1872 

Atlas of Whiteside Co. and the state of lUinois ; to which 
is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1872. xxxix, 95 p. HCWL 1128 

1877 

History of Whiteside County, Illinois; from its earliest 
settlement to the present time; with numerous bio- 
graphical and family sketches, edited by Charles 
Bent. Morrison, 1877. 536 p. UIHCWL 1129 

1885 

Portrait and biographical album of Whiteside County, 
Illinois; containing full page portraits and bio- 
graphical sketches of prominent and representative 
citizens of the county . . . also containing a history 
of the county from its earliest settlement to the 
present time. Chicago, Chapman, 1885. 94^ p. W 

1 130 

1893 

Plat book of Whiteside County, Illinois; compiled and 
published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1893. 
118 p. UJCL 1131 

1900 

The biographical record of Whiteside County, Illinois. 
Chicago, Clarke, 1900. 522 p. UHWL 1132 



376 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1908 

History of Whiteside County, Illinois, from its earliest 
settlement to 1908; by William H. Davis, with 
biographical sketches of some prominent citizens of 
the county. Chicago, Pioneer Publishing Company, 
1908. 2 V. IC 1133 

1912 

Standard atlas of Whiteside County, Illinois; including 
a plat book of the villages, cities and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 1912. iii, xxii p. L 1134 



WILL 

Established by act of January 12, 1836, from Cook, Iroquois, 
and unorganized territory attached to Vermilion; organized 
the following March. 

1873 

Combination atlas map of Will County, Illinois; com- 
piled, drawn, and published from personal examina- 
tions and surveys by Thompson Bro's and Burr. 
Elgin, 1873. 135 p. W 1135 

1874 

Forty years ago! A contribution to the early history 
of Joliet and Will County ; two lectures delivered be- 
fore the historical society of Joliet by George H. 
Woodruff December 17th, 1873, ^^^ March 24th, 
1874. Joliet, Goodspeed, 1874. iv, 108 p. IHWL 

Z136 



COUNTY HISTORIES 377 

1876 

Fifteen years ago; or, The patriotism of Will County, 
designed to preserve the names and memory of Will 
County soldiers, both officers and privates — both 
living and dead; to tell something of what they did, 
and of what they suffered, in the great struggle to 
preserve our nationality, by George H. Woodruff. 
Joliet, Goodspeed, 1876. 515, 82 p. mjN 1137 

Two chapters deal with "home history" during the war. 

1878 

The history of Will County, Illinois; containing a 
history of the county — its cities, towns, &c., a 
directory of its real estate owners; portraits of early 
settlers and prominent men; general and local 
statistics; map of Will County . . . [compiled by G. 
H. Woodruff, W. H. Perrin, and H. H. Hill]. 
Chicago, Le Baron, 1878. 995 p. mCNWL 1138 

1890 

Portrait and biographical album of Will County, Illi- 
nois; containing full page portraits and biographical 
sketches of prominent and representative citizens of 
the county . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1890. 771 p. 
L 1139 

1893 

Plat book of Will County, Illinois; compiled and pub- 
lished by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. Chicago, Ogle, 1893. 
81 p. ICL 1140 



378 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1901 

Genealogical and biographical record of Kendall and 
Will counties . . . Chicago, Biographical PubUsh- 
ing Company, 1901. 17-670 p. N 1140a 

1907 

Past and present of Will County, Illinois, by W. W. 
Stevens, president of the Will County Pioneers 
Association, assisted by an advisory board, consisting 
of Hon. James G. Elwood, James H. Ferriss, 
William Grinton, Mrs. Kate Henderson, and 
A. C. Clement. Chicago, Clarke, 1907. 2 v. 1141 
Title from copy in the publisher's office. 

1909-10 

Standard atlas of Will County, Illinois; including a plat 
book of the villages, cities, and townships of the coun- 
ty .. . patrons directory, reference business direc- 
tory; compiled and pubHshed by Geo. A. Ogle & 
Co. Chicago, 1909-10. 163, xxii p. L 1142 

WILLIAMSON 

Established by act of February 28, 1839, from Franklin; 
organized the following September. 

1876 

The history of WilUamson County, Illinois; from the 
earliest times, down to the present, with an accurate 
accoimt of the secession movement, ordinances, 
raids, etc., also, a complete history of its "bloody 
vendetta," includding [sic] all its recondite causes, 
results, etc., etc., by Milo Erwin. Marion, 1876. 
viii, 286 p. UMIHCNWL 1 143 



COUNTY HISTORIES 379 

1887 

History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin, and 
Williamson counties . . . Chicago, Goodspeed, 
1887. xiii, 961 p. UIW 1 144 

1905 

Historical souvenir of Williamson County, Illinois, be- 
ing a brief review of the county from date of founding 
to the present; compiled and edited by J. F. WiLCOX. 
Effingham, Le Crone [1905]. 176, 47 p. U 1145 

1908 

Standard atlas of Williamson County, Illinois . . . 
compiled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. 
Chicago, 1908. 1 146 

WINNEBAGO 

Established by act of January 16, 1836, from Jo Daviess and 
unorganized territory attached to La Salle; organized the 
following August. 

1871 

Atlas of Winnebago Co. and the state of Illinois; to 
which is added an atlas of the United States, maps of 
the hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner, 
etc., 1871. [26], 95 p. H 1147 

1877 

The history of Winnebago County, 111., its past and 
present ; containing a history of the county — its 
cities, towns, etc., a biographical directory of its 
citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late re- 
bellion, portraits of early settlers and prominent 



sSo 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



men, general and local statistics 
Kett, 1877. vi, 672 p. umjCNWL 



Chicago, 
1 148 



1886 

Illustrated atlas of Winnebago and Boone counties 
. . . Chicago, Page, 1886. 120 p. L 1149 

1892 

Portrait and biographical record of Winnebago and 
Boone counties . . . Chicago, Biographical Pub- 
lishing Company, 1892. 1325 p. UCW 1150 



1900 

History of Rockford and Winnebago County, Illinois, 
from the first settlement in 1834 to the Civil War by 
Charles A. Church with illustrations from nega- 
tives taken by members of New England Society, 
and others. Rockford, New England Society, 1900. 
387 p. UHCNL 1151 

1905 

Past and present of the city of Rockford and Winnebago 
County, IlHnois, by Charles A. Church, assisted by 
H. H. Waldo; together with biographical sketches of 
many of its leading and prominent citizens and 
illustrious dead . . . Chicago, Clarke, 1905. 840 p. 
L 1152 

1905 

Standard atlas of Winnebago County, Illinois . . . 
compiled and published by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. 
Chicago, 1905. 1153 



COUNTY HISTORIES 381 

WOODFORD 

Established by act of February 27, 1841, from McLean and 
Tazewell; organized the following April. 

1873 

Atlas of Woodford Co. and the state of Illinois ; to which 
is added an atlas of the United States, maps of the 
hemispheres, &c., &c., &c. Chicago, Warner & 
Beers, 1873. xxxi, 95 p. HCL 1154 

1878 

The past and present of Woodford County, Illinois; 
containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, 
&c.; a directory of its tax-payers; war record of its 
volunteers in the late rebellion; portraits of early 
settlers and prominent men; general and local statis- 
tics; map of Woodford County . . . Chicago, Le 
Baron, 1878. 660 p. IHWL 1155 

1889 

Portrait and biographical albimi of Woodford County, 
Illinois ; containing full page portraits and biographi- 
cal sketches of prominent and representative citizens 
of the county . . . Chicago, Chapman, 1889. 597 
p. UW 1156 

1900 

The biographical record of Livingston and Woodford 
counties, Illinois. Chicago, Clarke, 1900. 682 p. 
W 1157 

See no. 916. 



382 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1910 

History of Woodford County by Roy L. Moore, a con- 
cise history of the settlement and growth of Wood- 
ford County. Eureka, Woodford County republican, 
1910. 248 p. U 1158 

I9I2 

Standard atlas of Woodford County, Illinois ; including 
a plat book of the villages, cities, and townships of the 
county . . . patrons directory, reference business 
directory . . . compiled and published by Geo. A. 
Ogle & Co. Chicago, 191 2. ioi,xxiip. L 1159 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 

1788-1913 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE 

Studying the history of a community without a 
knowledge of its laws is somewhat akin to making bricks 
without straw, and yet that is what most writers on the 
history of the states in the Old Northwest have at- 
tempted to do. The early session laws were printed in 
small editions and many of them are now practically 
unattainable in the originals. When reprinted it has 
usually been in limited editions which soon became 
almost as rare as the originals. As a consequence, only 
a few of the large libraries in each state possess anything 
approaching complete sets of the session laws of the 
state, while complete sets of the laws of the Northwest, 
Indiana, and Illinois territories are almost unique. 
The Illinois State Historical Library possesses, as will 
be seen from the following list, a complete set of the 
territorial and state laws in force in Illinois from the 
establishment of the Northwest Territory to the present 
day. This is undoubtedly the only such set in the 
state and it is made up, in part, for the territorial period, 
of reprints and a transcript. 

In view of the rareness of sets of these laws, of the 
confused forms in which they were published, and 
of the lack of bibliographical information about them, 
it is believed that this list will be of use to students of 
Illinois and western history. Other libraries in the 
Northwest, besides those indicated in the key letters, 
contain collections of these laws but it has not been 

38s 



386 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

thought necessary to add letters for them because the 
extent of their collections is indicated in the list of 
"Available material for the study of the institutional 
history of the Old Northwest" compiled by Isaac S. 
Bradley and printed in the Annual report of the Ameri- 
can Historical Association for 1894 (PP- 296-319).^ 
Other useful lists will be found in W. W. Chisholm, 
Catalogue of the law books of the Pennsylvania State 
Library (1899); R. R. Bowker, State publications (New 
York, Publisher s weekly, 1908); Catalogue of the law 
school of Harvard University (Cambridge, 1909. 2 v.); 
and Massachusetts State Library, Hand-list of legislative 
sessions and session laws (Boston, 191 2). Second only 
to the laws in importance for historical purposes are 
the legislative journals and reports. These, however, 
are carefully listed, analyzed, and partially indexed in 
the Illinois volume of Adalaide R. Hasse, Index of 
economic material in the documents of the states (Washing- 
ton, Carnegie Institution, 1909). 

It is generally assimied that a complete set of the 
session laws contains all the laws enacted by the 
general assembly, but an examination of the "Index 
to the enrolled laws" in the office of the secretary of 
state at Springfield discloses the fact that a considerable 
number of laws have never been printed. These are 
scattered all through the early period, the most con- 
siderable group being the thirty private laws enacted 
by the sixth general assembly (see no. 1227). Occasion- 
ally laws which were printed separately were omitted 
from the voltime containing the other laws of the 

^ This list is reprinted in Wisconsin Historical Society, Proceed- 
ings, 1896, pp. 1 14-142. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 387 

session (see no. 1229) and the publication of laws in an 
official revision of the statutes was sometimes made an 
excuse for omitting them from the session laws (see no. 
1272). 

The revisions and compilations of the laws have 
also a considerable value for students of history. 
Official revisions are as much acts of the general assem- 
bly as the ordinary session laws and frequently exten- 
sive changes in the statutes are made by them. The 
compilations, whether official or private, are convenient 
when copies of the session laws are not available; and 
their annotations are frequently of great assistance to 
the historical student. Compilations of laws relating 
to special subjects, such as real estate or education, 
are numerous and frequently convenient, but to have 
included them in the list would have made it unduly 
cimibersome. The same is true of pamphlet issues of 
individual laws, most of which are separates from the 
session laws. 

The earlier volumes of session laws generally contain 
reports of various state officers in the appendix, and in 
some cases public and private laws are bound together 
in the same volume. A question arose as to whether 
such volumes should be viewed as single items or as 
several independent items bound together. The prin- 
ciple finally determined upon was to consider them as 
single items unless the different parts had separate 
title-pages with imprints and were separately paged. 
In the citation of statutes, a generally recognized sys- 
tem has been developed by the legal profession, and 
it is believed that the indication of the usual form of 
citation with each item will be of some convenience. 



388 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

These should be used only for the official edition, unless 
another edition is definitely specified. The exact dates 
of the legislative sessions are also given in the notes 
iinless they appear in the titles. 

Special acknowledgments are due to Miss Edith 
Emighof the University of Illinois Library for assistance 
in collecting and arranging the data. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 1788-1913 

SESSION LAWS 

1788-91 

Laws passed in the Territory of the United States, 
North-west of the River Ohio, from the commence- 
ment of the government to the 31st of December, 
1 79 1 — pubHshed by authority. Philadelphia, Childs 
& Swaine, pr., 1792. 68 p. IHL 1201 

Reprinted in Salmon P. Chase, Statutes of Ohio and of the 
Northwestern Territory from iy88 to i8jj inclusive . . . , i, 
92-114 (Cincinnati, Corey & Fairbanks, 1833-35. 3 v.) NW 
— Also in Laws of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio, 
92-1 14 (Cincinnati, 1833. 350 p.) IHW— Also, facsimile reprint 
of the original [Cincinnati, 1890]. HN 

The first laws of the Northwest Territory were enacted by 
the governor and judges at Marietta in July, 1788. Other 
laws were enacted during these years at Vincennes and Cin- 
cinnati. For further information about these laws and the 
circumstances under which they were passed see WilHam H. 
Smith, The St. Clair papers, n (Cincinnati, Clarke, 1882. 2 v.) ; 
Indiana Historical Society, Publications, 11, 8-13. The titles 
of these acts and abstracts of some of them are given in John B. 
Dillon, History of Indiana, 214-217, 235, 297-299 (Indianapolis, 
Bingham & Doughty, 1859). The Laws of the Territory North- 
west of the River Ohio consist of three hundred and fifty pages 
of the first volimie of Chase, Statutes of Ohio, with a new title 
page. 

1792 

Laws passed in the Territory of the United States, 
North-west of the River Ohio, from July to Decem- 
ber, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, 

389 



S9° 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



inclusive — published by authority. Philadelphia, 
Childs & Swaine, pr., 1794. 74 p. IHL 1202 

Reprinted in Chase, Statutes of Ohio, i, 114-137 (see no. 1201). 
NW — Also in Laws of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio, 
1 14-137 (see no. 1201). IHW — Also, facsimile reprint of the 
the original [Cincinnati, 1890]. HN 

The titles of these acts and abstracts of some of them are 
given in Dillon, Indiana, 299-301. 



1795 

Laws of the Territory of the United States Northwest of 
the Ohio, adopted and made by the governor and 
judges, in their legislative capacity, at a session begun 
on Friday, the xxix day of May, one thousand, 
seven hundred and ninety-five, and ending on Tues- 
day, the twenty-fifth day of August following; with 
an appendix of resolutions and the ordinance for the 
government of the territory — by authority. Cin- 
cinnati, Maxwell, pr., 1796. xiii, 225 p. mWL 1203 

Reprinted in Chase, Statutes of Ohio, 1, 138-204 (see no. 
1 201). NW — Also in Laws of the Territory Northwest of the River 
Ohio, 138-204 (see no. 1201). IHW — Also, facsimile reprint of 
original [Cincinnati, 1890]. HN 

The validity of many of the laws previously enacted was 
questioned because they were not "laws of the original states" 
such as the governor and judges were authorized by the Ordi- 
nance of 1787 to adopt. The laws of 1795 were selected from 
those of Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Virginia, New York, and 
New Jersey and formed an elaborate code of thirty-eight laws. 
This is known as Maxwell's Code from the name of the printer 
which appears in the binder's title. The titles of these acts 
are given in Dillon, Indiana, 375-378. 



1798 

Laws of the Territory of the United States North west 
of the River Ohio, adopted and published at a session 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 391 

of the legislature begun in the town of Cincinnati, 
county of Hamilton and territory aforesaid upon the 
23d day of April in the year of our Lord 1798 and 
continued by adjournments to the seventh day of 
May in the same year — by authority. Cincinnati, 
Freeman, pr., 1798. 32 p. IHL 1204 

Reprinted in Chase, Statutes of Ohio, i, 204-210 (see no. 
1 201). NW — ^Also in Laws of the Territory Northwest of the River 
Ohio, 204-210 (see no. 1201). IHW — Also, facsimile reprint of 
the original [Cincinnati, 1890]. HW 

Commonly known as Freeman's Laws. For titles and ab- 
stracts, see Dillon, Indiana, 389. 



1799 

Laws of the Territory of the United States North-west 
of the River Ohio, passed at the first session of the 
general assembly, begun and held at Cincinnati, on 
Monday, the sixteenth day of September, A. D. one 
thousand, seven hundred and ninety nine; also, cer- 
tain laws enacted by the governor and judges of the 
territory, from the commencement of the government 
to December, one thousand, seven hundred and nine- 
ty two; with an appendix containing resolutions, the 
ordinance of Congress for the government of the 
territory, the Constitution of the United States, and 
the law respecting fugitives — vol. i — published by 
authority. Cincinnati, Carpenter & Findlay, pr., 
1800. 280 p. fflWL 1205 

Reprinted in Chase, Statutes of Ohio, i, 211-287 (see no. 
1 201). NW — Also in Laws of the Territory Northwest of the River 
Ohio, 211-287 (see no. 1201). IHW 

The first of these laws was an act to confirm the laws enacted 
by the governor and judges prior to 1795. For titles and 
abstracts see Dillon, Indiana, 392-395. 



392 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1801 

Laws adopted by the governor and judges of the 
Indiana Territory, at their first sessions held at Saint 
Vincennes, January 12th, 1801 — pubHshed by 
authority. Frankfort, Kentucky, Hunter, pr., 1802. 

32 p. H 1206 

Also in Message from the president transmitting the laws of 
Indiana Territory passed from January, 1801 to February, 1802 
[Washington, Duane, pr., 1803?]. 32 p. (7 Congress, 2 
SESSION, Executive documents, no. 32, February 14, 1803.) L — 
Reprinted in Laws of the Indiana Territory, 1801-1806, inclusive 
(Paoli, Throop & Clark, 1886). INL 

The laws of the Northwest Territory enacted before the 
division were assumed to continue in force in Indiana and only 
seven laws and three resolutions were adopted at this session. 
For their titles, see Dillon, Indiana, 409. The copy of the Laws 
of Indiana Territory in the Illinois State Historical Library 
contains the reprints of the laws for 1801-04 only and is 
without title-page. There is a complete copy in the State 
Library. There is another copy of the congressional issue in the 
Massachusetts State Library. 

1802 

Laws for the government of Indiana Territory [adopted 
at their second session]. Laws adopted by the 
governor and judges of Indiana Territory, at their 
second and third sessions begun and held at Saint 
Vincennes, 30th January, 1802 & February, i6th, 
1 80 J — published by authority, 1-9 (Vincennes, Stout, 

pr., 1804. 89 p.) H 1207 

Also in Message from the president transmitting the laws of 
Indiana Territory . . . 1801 . . . 1802 (see no. 1206). L — 
Reprinted in Laws of the Indiana Territory (see no. 1206). INL 

Only two laws were enacted at this session. 

1803 

Laws for the government of the Indiana Territory, 
adopted at their third session. Laws adopted by the 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 393 

governor and judges . . . 1802 . . . i8oj, pp. 9-12 
(see no. 1207). H 1208 

Also in Message from the president transmitting the laws of 
Indiana Territory [Washington, Duane, pr., 1803?]. 7 p. 
(8 Congress, i session, Executive documents, December 7, 
1803.) L — Reprinted in Laws of the Indiana Territory (see no. 
1206). INL 

The session began on Febniary 1 6 , 1 803 . There is another copy 
of the congressional issue in the Massachusetts State Library. 

1803-04 

Laws for the government of the Indiana Territory, 
adopted at their fourth session. Laws adopted by 
the governor and judges . . . 1802 . . . i8oj, pp. 
12-89 (see no. 1207). H 1209 

Reprinted in Laws of the Indiana Territory (see no. 1206). 
INL 

These laws were published, as indicated, with those of the 
second and third sessions, although not mentioned on the title- 
page of the volume. The session began September 20, 1803. 

1805 

Laws passed at the first session of the general assembly 
of the Indiana Territory, begun and held at the bor- 
ough of Vincennes, on Monday the twenty-ninth of 
July, in the year 1805 — by authority. Vincennes, 
Stout, pr., n.d. 38 p. m 1210 

Reprinted in Laws of the Indiana Territory (see no. 1206). 
NL 

The original was printed in folio size and its paging is pre- 
served in the reprint. 

1806 

Laws passed at the second session of the first general 
assembly of the Indiana Territory, begun and held 
at the borough of Vincennes, on Monday the third 
day of November in the year eighteen hundred & 



394 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

six — by authority. Vincennes, Stout, pr., n.d. 
30 p. H 1211 

Reprinted in Laws of the Indiana Territory (see no. 1206). 
IfL — The Illinois State Historical Library has a manuscript 
copy of the original edition. 

1807 

Laws of the Indiana Territory comprising those acts 
formerly in force, and as revised by Messrs. 'John 
Rice Jones, and John Johnson, and passed (after 
amendments) by the legislature, and the original 
acts passed at the first session of the second general 
assembly of the said territory, begun and held at the 
borough of Vincennes, on the sixteenth day of August, 
Anno Domini eighteen hundred and seven — printed 
by authority, and under the inspection of the com- 
mittee. Vincennes, Stout & Smoot, pr., 1807. 540, 
xxviii p. mWL 1212 

This is known as the Revision of i8oy. All eariier laws and 
parts of laws not included were repealed. 

1808 

Acts of assembly passed at the second session of the 
second general assembly of the Indiana Territory, 
begun and held at the town of Vincennes, on Monday 
the twenty six day of September, a.d. one thousand 
eight hundred and eight — printed by authority, 
and under the inspection of the committee. Vin- 
cennes, Stout, pr., 1808. 45, v p. IHL 1213 

1809-11 

Laws of the territory of Illinois, 1809-1811; edited by 
Clarence Walworth Alvord . . . Springfield, Illinois 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 395 

state journal, pr., 1906. xiv, 34 p. (Illinois State 
Historical Library, Bulletin, i, no. 2.) uihjcwl 

1214 

The governor and judges of Illinois Territory met June 13, 
1809, and adopted a resolution declaring "the laws of Indiana 
Territory of a general nature" in force in Illinois. Thirty-five 
laws were enacted by the governor and judges, the last being 
dated November 9, 181 1. They were pubHshed in the Louisi- 
ana gazette of St. Louis beginning February 15, 1810. The 
original laws have disappeared from the archives of the state. 
In 1897 copies of four of them were discovered in the archives 
at Washington and these were published in a pamphlet entitled 
Information relating to the territorial laws of Illinois, passed from 
180Q to 1812; prepared by Edmund J. James (Springfield, 
Phillips, pr., 1899. 15 p. Illinois State Historical Library, 
Publications, no. 2). In 1905 copies of all but five were found 
in the court-house of Randolph County at Chester and about 
the same time all but two were found in a file of the Louisiana 
gazette in the office of the St. Louis republican. From these 
various sources the complete edition listed above was published. 



1812 

Laws passed by the legislative council & house of repre- 
sentatives of the Illinois Territory at their first ses- 
sion held at Kaskaskia, in 1 8 1 2 — printed by author- 
ity from the governor. Russelville, Kentucky, Dun- 
can, pr., 1813. 59 p. I 1215 

The session convened November 25, and adjourned Decem- 
ber 26, 1812. 

1813-14 

Laws of the territory of Illinois revised and digested 
under the authority of the legislature by Nathaniel 
Pope. Kaskaskia, Duncan, pr., 1815. 2 v. mwL 

1216 

These volimies contain a selection of laws from the Indiana 
"Revision of 1807 " (no. 1212) ; the laws enacted by the Indiana 
territorial legislature in 1808; the laws of the governor and 



396 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

judges of Illinois Territory, 1809-1 1 ; and the laws enacted by the 
Illinois territorial legislature, 181 2-14. With the exception of 
one act they are the only contemporary publication in book 
form of laws enacted at the sessions of November 14, 1813, and 
November 14-December 24, 18 14. The exception is that in 
A law establishing a supreme court, and documents; published by 
a joint resolution of the legislative council and house of represen- 
tatives of Illinois Territory (Kaskaskia, Duncan, pr., 1814. 
25 p. I). Cited as Pope's Digest. 

1815-16 

Laws passed by the legislative council and house of 

representatives of Illinois Territory, at their fourth 

session, held at Kaskaskia, i8i5-'i6. Kaskaskia, 

Duncan, pr., 1816. 84, iii p. m 1217 

Reprinted, Springfield, Phillips, pr., 1898. 84, iii p. UIJWL 
The session convened December 14, 181 5, and adjourned 
January 11, 1816. 

1816-17 

Laws passed by the legislative council and house of 
representatives of Illinois Territory at their fifth 
session, held at Kaskaskia, i8i6-'i7. Kaskaskia, 
Cook & Blackwell, pr., 1817. 60 p. m 1218 

Another ed., ibid. 51, ii p. IH — Reprinted, Springfield, 
PhilHps, pr., 1898. 60 p. UIJNWL 

The session convened December 2, 1816, and adjourned 
January 14, 181 7. 

1817-18 

Laws passed by the general assembly of Illinois Terri- 
tory, at their sixth session, held at Kaskaskia, 1817— 
'18. Kaskaskia, Berry & Blackwell, pr., 1818. 104 
p. IHL 1219 

Reprinted, Springfield, Phillips, pr., 1898. 104 p. UIJNW 
The session convened December i, 181 7, and adjoiuned 
January 12, 18 18. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 397 

1819 

Laws passed by the first general assembly of the 
state of IlHnois at their second session held at 
Kaskaskia, 18 19 — pubHshed by authority. Kas- 
kaskia, Blackwell & Berry, pr., 1819. 387, 58, 2, 22 
p. UIHNL 1220 

The volume is cited as Laws of 18 ig. The first general as- 
sembly held its first session October 5-13, 1818, but no laws 
were enacted. The second session convened January 18, and 
adjourned March 31, 18 19. These laws are largely a codifica- 
tion of the territorial laws. 



1820-21 

Laws passed by the second general assembly of the 
state of Illinois, at their first session; commenced 
at Vandalia, December 4th, 1820 and ended February 
15th, 1 82 1 — published by authority. Vandalia, 
Brown & Berry, 1821. 188, 19 p. UIHJNWL 1221 
Cited as Laws of 1821. 

1822-23 

Laws passed by the third general assembly of the 
state of Illinois, at their first session, commenced, 
at Vandalia, December 2, 1822 and ended February 
18, 1823, to which are prefixed the Declaration of 
Independence, the Articles of Confederation, the 
Constitution of the United States, the deed of session 
from Virginia, the ordinance for the government of 
the Territory N. W. of the Ohio, the act of Congress 
for the admission of Illinois into the Union, and the 
act of Congress for taking up fugitives from justice 
and runaway slaves — published by authority. Van- 



398 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

dalia, Blackwell & Berry, pr., 1823. 232, 19 p. 
IHJNWL 1222 

Cited as Laws of 182 j. 

1824-25 

Laws passed by the fourth general assembly of the 
state of IlHnois, at their first session, commenced 
at VandaHa, November 15, 1824, and ended January 
18, 1825 — pubHshed by authority. VandaHa, 
Blackwell, pr., 1825. 199 p. umjNWL 1223 

Cited as Laws of 1825. 

1826 

Laws passed by the fourth general assembly of the 
state of Illinois, at their second session, commenced 
at VandaHa, January 2, 1826, and ended January 28, 

1826 — published by authority. VandaHa, Black- 
well, pr., 1826. 109 p. IJNL 1224 

Cited as Laws of 1826. 

1826-27 

The revised code of laws, of Illinois, enacted by the 
fifth general assembly at their session held at 
VandaHa, commencing on the fourth day of Decem- 
ber, 1826, and ending the nineteenth of February, 

1827 — published in pursuance of law. VandaHa, 

Blackwell, pr., 1827. iv, 406 p. umjCNWL 1225 

Cited as Laws or Revised code of 182'/. Contains the "acts 
of a public, permanent and general nature" passed at this 
session. 

1826-27 

Laws of a private nature, passed by the fifth general 
ASSEMBLY of the State of Illinois, at their session held 
at VandaHa, commencing on the fourth ' day of 
December, 1826, and ending the 19th of February, 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 399 

1827 — published by authority. Vandalia, Black- 
well, pr., 1827. 43 p. UIJNL 1226 

Facsimile reprint, Boston, Boston Book Company, 19 10. IL 
Cited as Private laws of 1827. 

1828-29 

The revised code of laws, of Illinois, containing those of 
a general and permanent nature passed by the sixth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at their scssion held at Van- 
dalia, commencing on the first Monday of December, 
1828; and those enacted previous thereto, and ordered 
by the said general assembly to be re-published — 
published in pursuance of law. Shawneetown, Grant, 

1829. 278 p. UIHJCNWL 1227 

Cited as Laws or Revised code of 182Q. The session convened 
December i, 1828, and adjourned January 23, 1829. A resolu- 
tion adopted on the last day of the session provided for the re- 
printing with the laws of the session of twenty-five acts or parts 
of acts of a general nature previously enacted. The volume con- 
tains a list of thirty "acts of a private or temporary nature" 
passed at this session, which do not appear to have been 
published. 

1830-31 

Laws of Illinois passed at seventh general assembly 
at their session held at Vandalia, commencing on the 
first Monday in December, 1830 — published in pur- 
suance of law. Vandalia, Blackwell, pr., 1831. 217 
p. UIHJCNWL 1228 

Cited as Laws of 18 ji. The session convened December 6, 

1830, and adjourned February 16, 1831. 

1832-33 

The revised laws of Illinois, containing all laws of a gen- 
eral and public nature passed by the eighth general 



400 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

ASSEMBLY, at their session held at Vandaha, commenc- 
ing on the third day of December, 1832, and ending 
the second day of March, 1833, together with all 
laws required to be re-published by the said general 
assembly — published in pursuance of law. Van- 
daha, Greiner & Sherman, pr., 1833. v, 677, [40] p. 
UmjNWL 1229 

Cited as Laws or Revised statutes of 1833. An act of March 2, 
1833, provided for the repubHcation of one hundred and forty- 
nine laws of a general nature with the laws of the session of 
1832-33 and repealed all other general laws except those relat- 
ing to certain specified subjects. The militia act was not in- 
cluded in this volume but was published separately as The act 
for the organization and government of the militia of the state, 
passed 2d March, 18 jj; together with the articles of war and the 
rules and regulations for the government of the army of the United 
States — published by authority (Vandalia, Sawyer, pr., 1833. 
97, iv p. I). 

1832-33 

Laws of a private nature, passed at the seventh [i.e. 
eighth] session of the general assembly of the state 
of Illinois, begun and held at Vandalia, on Monday, 
the third day of December, 1832 — printed by order 
of the legislature. Kaskaskia, Fleming, 1833. 212, 
6 p. UIHNL 1230 

Cited as Private laws of 18 jj. 

1834-35 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the ninth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at their FIRST SESSION, Com- 
mencing December i, 1834, ^^^^ ending February 13, 
1835 — published in pursuance of law. Vandalia, 
Sawyer, pr., 1835. 259 p. UIHJNWL 1231 

Cited as Laws of 18 jj. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 401 

1835-36 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the ninth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY at their SECOND SESSION, Com- 
mencing December 7, 1835, and ending January 18, 
1836 — published in pursuance of law. Vandalia, 
Sawyer, pr., 1836. 296 p. UIHJCNWL 1232 

Cited as Laws of 18 j6. 

1836-37 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the tenth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at their scssion commencing 
December 5, 1836, and ending March 6, 1837 — 
published in pursuance of law. Vandalia, Walters, 
pr., 1837. 350, xvi p. UIHJNWL 1233 

Cited as i Laws of 1837. 

1836-37 

Incorporation laws of the state of Illinois passed at a 
session of the general assembly, begun and held at 
Vandalia the 6th [i.e. 5th] day of December, 1836 — 
published in pursuance of law. Vandalia, Walters, 
pr., 1837. 344» xxi p. INW 1234 

Cited as Private or Incorporation laws of 18 j/. 

1837 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the tenth 
general assembly, at their special session com- 
mencing July 10, and ending July 22, 1837 — pub- 
lished in pursuance of law. Vandalia, Walters, pr., 
1837. UmjCNWL 1235 

Cited as 2 Laws of 18 jy. 



402 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1838-39 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the eleventh 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY at their session begun and held 
at Vandalia, on the third of December, one thousand 
eight hundred and thirty-eight — published in ptir- 
suance of law. VandaHa, Walters, pr., 1839. 317, 
XV p. UIHJCNWL 1236 

Cited as Laws of 18 jg. The session was adjotimed March 
4, 1839. 

1838-39 

Incorporation laws of the state of Illinois passed by the 
ELEVENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY at their scssion begun 
and held at VandaHa, the third day of December, 
one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight — 
published in pursuance of law. Vandalia, Walters, 
pr., 1839. 249, viii p. INL 1237 

Cited as Private or Incorporation laws of i8jg. 

1839-40 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the eleventh 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY at their SPECIAL SESSION begun 
and held at Springfield, on the ninth of December, 
one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine — pub- 
lished in pursuance of law. Springfield, Walters, pr., 
1840. 156, xxxii p. UIHJCNWL 1238 

Cited as Laws of 1840. The session was adjourned February 
3, 1840. 

1840-41 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the twelfth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY at their session begun and held 
at Springfield on the seventh of December, one thou- 
sand eight hundred and forty — published in pur- 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 403 

suance of law. Springfield, Walters, pr., 1841. 359, 

xxxiv p. UIHJCNWL 1239 

Cited as Laws of 1841. The twelfth general assembly was 
called together in special session November 23, and adjourned 
December 5, 1840. The regular session convened December 
7, 1840, and adjourned March i, 1841. No laws were enacted 
during the special session. 

1842-43 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the thirteenth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at their regular session begun 
and held at Springfield on the fifth of December, 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-two — pub- 
lished in pursuance of law. Springfield, Walters & 
Weber, pr., 1843. 340, Ixv p. UIHJCNWL 1240 

Cited as Laws of 1843. The session was adjourned March 6, 
1843. 

1844-45 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the fourteenth 

GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at their regular session, began 

[sic] and held at Springfield, December 2nd, 1844 — 

published by authority. Springfield, Walters & 

Weber, pr., 1845. 384, Ix p. UIHJCNWL 1241 

Cited as Law of 1845. The session was adjourned March 3, 
1845. 

1846-47 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the fifteenth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at their scssion, begun and held 
in the city of Springfield, December 7, 1846 — 
published in pursuance of law. Springfield, Lan- 
phier, pr., 1847. 235, xvii p. UIHCNWL 1242 

Reprinted by order of the general assembly, Springfield, 
Lanphier & Walker, pr., 1853. 182, xii p. UIHJCL 

Cited as Laws of 184J. The session was adjourned March 
I, 1847. 



404 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1846-47 

Private and special laws of the state of Illinois, passed by 
the FIFTEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at their session, 
begun and held in the city of Springfield, December 
7, 1846 — published in pursuance of law. Springfield, 
Lanphier, pr., 1847. 220, ix p. ICNL 1243 

Cited as Private laws of 1847. 

1849 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed at the first ses- 
sion of the SIXTEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, begun 

and held at the city of Springfield, January i, 1849. 
Springfield, Lanphier, pr., 1849. 240, xxxiv p. UI 

* 1244 

Reprinted, Springfield, Lanphier & Walker, pr., 1853. 240, 
xxii p. UIHJCNWL 

Cited as i Laws of i84g. The session was adjourned February 
12, 1849. 

1849 

Private laws of the state of Illinois passed at the 

FIRST SESSION of the SIXTEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 

begun and held at the city of Springfield, Jan. i, 1849. 
Springfield, Lanphier, pr., 1849. 142, v p. UIJCNL 

1245 

Cited as Private laws of 184Q. 

1849 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the sixteenth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at the SECOND SESSION, Com- 
mencing October 22, 1849. Springfield, Lanphier, 
pr., 1849. 57, V p. UIHJCNWL 1246 

Cited as 2 Laws of 184Q. The session was adjourned Nov- 
ember 7, 1849. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 405 

1851 

General laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the 

SEVENTEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at the SeSSion 

commencing January 6, 1851. Springfield, Lanphier 

& Walker, 1 85 1. 208, xix, Ixiv p. umjCNWL 1247 

Cited as Laws of i8ji. The session was adjourned February 
17, 1851. 

1851 

Private laws of the state of Illinois passed at the first 

SESSION of the SEVENTEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 

begun and held at the city of Springfield, January 6, 
1 85 1. Springfield, Lanphier & Walker, 1851. 326, 
Ixiv p. UIHCNWL 1248 

Cited as Private Laws of i8ji. 

1852 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the seventeenth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at its SECOND SESSION, Com- 
mencing June 7, 1852. Springfield, Lanphier & 
Walker, 1852. 268, xvi p. umjCNWL 1249 

Cited as Laws of 1852. The session was adjourned June 23, 
1852. 

1853 

General laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the 

EIGHTEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, convcncd January 

3, 1853. Springfield, Lanphier & Walker, pr., 1853. 

282, xvii p. UIHJCNWL 1250 

Cited as Laws of 1853. The session was adjourned February 
14, 1853- 

1853 

Private laws of the state of Illinois, passed at the first 

SESSION of the EIGHTEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 



4ob ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

begun and held at the city of Springfield, January 7, 
[i.e. 3] 1853. Springfield, Lanphier & Walker, pr., 
1853. 618, liiip. UIHJCNWL 1251 

Cited as Private laws of 1853. 

1854 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the eighteenth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at its SECOND SESSION, com- 
mencing February 9, 1854. Springfield, Lanphier & 
Walker, pr., 1854. 259, vii p. UIHJCNWL 1252 

Cited as Laws and Private laws of 1854. The session was 
adjourned March 4, 1854. The volume contains "General 
laws," pp. 3-31; "Private laws," pp. 32-259. 

1855 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the nineteenth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened January i, 1855. 
Springfield, Lanphier & Walker, pr., 1855. 200, 
xiii p. UIHJCNWL 1253 

Cited as Laws of 1855. The session was adjourned February 
i5> 1855. 

1855 

Private laws of the state of Illinois passed at the 

NINETEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, bcgun and held at 

the city of Springfield, January i, 1855. Spring- 
field, Lanphier & Walker, pr., 1855. 744, Ix p. 
UmjCNWL 1254 

Cited as Private laws of 1855. 

1857 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the twentieth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, convened January 5, 1857. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 407 

Springfield, Lanphier & Walker, pr., 1857. 303, xxv 
p. UIHJCNWL 1255 

Cited as Laws of 1857. The session was adjourned February 
19, 1857. 

1857 

Private laws of the state of Illinois passed at the 
TWENTIETH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, begun and held at 
the city of Springfield, January 5, 1857. Springfield, 
Lanphier & Walker, pr., 1857. 1456, xvii, clii p. 
UIHJCNWL 1256 

Cited as Private laws of iS^y. 

1859 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the twenty- 
first GENERAL ASSEMBLY, convened January 3, 1859. 
Springfield, Bailhache & Baker, pr., 1859. 220, xi, 
vi, 733, cxxii, vi p. UIHJCNWL 1257 

Also, The public laws of the state of Illinois, passed at the 
twenty-first session of the general assembly, 18 jq; carefully 
collated with the originals at Springfield. Chicago, Cooke, 1859. 
215 p. U 

Cited as Laws and Private laws of i8jg. The session was 
adjourned February 24, 1859, The volume contains both public 
and private laws, the latter headed with a half-title "Private 
laws" and separately paged. There are copies without the 
private laws. 

1861 

Public laws of the state of Illinois passed by the 

TWENTY-SECOND GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened 

January 7, 1861. Springfield, Bailhache & Baker, 
pr., 1861. 282, vi, 38, 124 p. umjCNWL 1258 

Cited as i Laws of 1861. The session was adjourned Feb- 
ruary 22, 1861. 



4o8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1861 

Private laws of the state of Illinois passed by the 

TWENTY-SECOND GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened 

January 7, 1861. Springfield, Bailhache & Baker, 
pr., 1861. 760 p. UIHJCNWL 1259 

Cited as Private laws of 1861. 

1861 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the twenty- 
second GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at itS EXTRAORDINARY 

SESSION, convened April 23, 1861. Springfield, 

Bailhache & Baker, pr., 1 86 1. 31 p. UIHJNWL 1260 

Cited as 2 Laws of 1861. The session was adjourned May 3, 
1861. 

1863 

Public laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the 
TWENTY-THIRD GENERAL ASSEMBLY, convcncd Janu- 
ary 5, 1863. Springfield, Baker & Phillips, pr., 1863. 
86, iv p. UIHJCNWL 1261 

Also, The public laws of the state of Illinois, passed at the 
twenty-third session of the general assembly, 186 j; carefully collated 
with the edition published by the state. Chicago, Myers, 1863. 
92 p. U 

Cited as Laws of 1863. The session was adjourned February 
14, 1863 until June 2, 1863. The governor prorogued the legis- 
lature June 10, 1863 until December 31, 1864, when it met and 
adjourned. 

1863 

Private laws of the state of Illinois passed by the 
TWENTY-THIRD GENERAL ASSEMBLY, convcncd Janu- 
ary 5, 1863. Springfield, Baker & Phillips, pr., 1863. 
278, V p. UmjCNWL 1262 

Cited as Private laws of 186 j. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 409 

1865 

Public laws of the state of Illinois passed by the twen- 
ty-fourth GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened January 
2, 1865. Springfield, Baker & Phillips, pr., 1865. 
137, xi p UmjCNWL 1263 

Cited as Laws of 1865. The session was adjourned February 
16, 1865. 

1865 

Private laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the 

TWENTY-FOURTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened 

January 2, 1865. Springfield, Baker & Phillips, pr., 
1865. 2 v. UIHJCNL 1264 

Cited as i and 2 Private laws oj 1865. 

1867 

Public laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the 
TWENTY-FIFTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, convened Janu- 
ary 7, 1867. Springfield, Baker, etc., pr., 1867. 205 
p. UmjCNWL 1265 

Cited as i Laws of 1867. The session was adjourned Febru- 
ary 28, 1867. 

1867 

Private laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the 
TWENTY-FIFTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY; convened Janu- 
ary 7, 1867. Springfield, Baker, etc., pr., 1867. 3 v. 
UIHJCNWL 1266 

Cited as 1-3 Private laws of 1867. 

1867 

Public and private laws of the state of Illinois passed 
by the twenty-fifth general assembly at its 
FIRST and second special sessions, June 11 and 



4IO ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

June 14, 1867. Springfield, Baker, etc., pr., 1867. 
41 p. UIHJNWL 1267 

Cited as 2 Laws of 1867. The sessions were adjourned June 
13 and Jvine 28, 1867, respectively. 

1869 

Public laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the 
TWENTY-SIXTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened Janu- 
ary 4, 1869. Springfield, Illinois journal, pr., 1869. 
xvi, 434 p. UmjCNWL 1268 

Also, . . . Authorized edition with head-notes and index, by 
James L. High, counselor at law. Chicago, Callaghan & Cock- 
croft, 1869. xix, 290 p. UI 

Cited as Laws of i86g. The session was adjourned April 20, 
1869. 

1869 

Private laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the 
TWENTY-SIXTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened Janu- 
ary 4, 1869. Springfield, Illinois journal, pr., 1869. 
4 v. UIHJCNWL 1269 

Cited as 1-4 Private laws of i86g. 

1871-72 

Public laws of the state of Illinois passed by the 

TWENTY-SEVENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the regular, 

special, and the adjourned sessions, convened Janu- 

uary 4, May 24, October 13, November 15, 1871. 

Springfield, Illinois state journal, pr., 1872. xiv, 800, 

vii p. UIHJCNWL 1270 

Also, E. B. Myers' Authorized edition — Laws of the state of 
Illinois passed at the twenty-seventh session of the general assem- 
bly, i8yi-y2 — published in pursuance of law. Chicago, Myers, 
1872. 76, 600 p. H — Also, Laws of Illinois, i8yi; being all 
the acts of general and permanent interest, passed at the session 
. begun Wednesday, January 4, 187 1, and ended on Monday, 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 411 

April ij, iSyi; with a list of local and special acts. Springfield, 
Gross, 187 1. 32 p. W — 'Reissued with laws of the special 
session begun May 24, 1871, Springfield, Gross, 1872. 42 p. H 
Cited as Laws of 1871-^2. The sessions were adjourned 
April 17, June 22, October 13, 1871 and April 9, 1872 respec- 
tively. The Myers edition contains all laws except those re- 
lating to appropriations and is certified by the secretary of 
state. The laws of the "second session" are separately paged 
and have a special title-page in this edition but the index covers 
the whole volume. The copy of the Gross edition seen is bound 
with a copy of the third edition of Gross's Statutes (no. 1305). 

1873 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the twenty- 
eighth GENERAL ASSEMBLY, FIRST SESSION — printed 

in pursuance of joint resolution, adopted May 2, for 

distribution to members of general assembly, 1873. 

Springfield, State journal, pr., 1873. viii, 192, iv p. 

IHJCNWL 1271 

Myers ed., Chicago, Myers, 1873. xi, 253 p. H 

Cited as Laws of i8yj. The session was convened January 

8 and adjourned May 6, 1873. These laws were reprinted with 

those of the adjourned session (see no. 1272). 

1873-74 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the twenty- 
eighth GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened January 8, 
1873; adjourned May 6, 1873, to January 6, 1874; 
adjourned sine die March 31, 1874 — printed by 
authority of the general assembly of the state of 
Illinois, 1873-4. Springfield, State journal, pr., 1874. 
X, 160, V, XX, 180, iv, 93, iii p. UfflJCNWL 1272 

Also, E. B. Myers' edition, statutes . . . passed at the ad- 
journed session . . . Chicago, Myers, 1874. xiv, 386 p. 

Cited as Laws of i8yj-y4. Some acts of this general assem- 
bly, as, for example, the railroad law of 1874, are not included in 
this volume and are to be foimd only in the Revised statutes 
(see no. 1307). 



412 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1875 



Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the twenty- 
ninth GENERAL ASSEMBLY, convened January 6, 1875 
—printed by authority of law, 1 875. Springfield, State 
journal, pv., 18'/ 5. vii, 118, iip. UIHJCNWL 1273 

Also, All the laws of the state of Illinois passed by the twenty- 
ninth general assembly; convened January 6th, 1875, adjourned 
sine die April 15th, 1875; with head notes, and references to the 
revised statutes of 1874, by Myra Bradwell. Chicago, Legal news, 
1875. 127 p. HC 

Cited as Laws of 1875. The session was adjourned April 15, 
1875. The Bradwell edition was pubHshed about a week after 
the legislature adjourned and several weeks ahead of the official 
edition. 

1877 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the thirtieth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened January 3, 1877, ad- 
journed sine die. May 24, 1877 — printed by author- 
ity of law. 1877. Springfield, Lusk, pr., 1877. xiv, 
229, iv p. UIHJCNWL 1274 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1877. 216 p. HJC 
Cited as Laws of 1877. 

1879 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the thirty- 
first GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Convened January 8, 1879, 
adjourned sine die, May 31, 1879 — printed by 
authority of law, 1879. Springfield, Weber, pr., 
1879. xix, 326, xii p UIHJCNWL 1275 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1879. 245 p. HCN 
Cited as Laws of 1879. 

1881 

Laws of the state of Illinois, enacted by the thirty- 
second general assembly convened January 5, and 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 413 

adjourned May 30, 1881 — printed by authority of the 

general assembly of the state of Illinois. Springfield, 

Rokker, pr., 1881. vii, 175, vi p. umjCNWL 1276 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1881. 143 p. HCNL 
Cited as Laws oj 1881. 

1882 

Laws of the state of Illinois, enacted by the thirty- 
second GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the SECOND SESSION 

thereof, convened March 23, adjourned May 6, 1882 

— printed by authority of the general assembly of 

the state of Illinois. Springfield, Rokker, pr., 1882. 

16 p. UIHNWL 1277 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1882. 15 p. CN 
Cited as Laws of 1882. 

1883 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the thirty- 
third GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the scssion which com- 
menced January 3, 1883, and adjourned June 18, 
1883 — printed by authority of the general assembly 
of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Rokker, pr., 
1883. V, 192, iv p. UIJCNWL 1278 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1883, 152 p. HL 
Cited as Laws of i88j. 

1885 
Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the thirty- 
fourth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the scssion which 
commenced January 7, 1885 and adjourned June 26, 
1885 — printed by authority of the general assembly 
of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Journal, pr., 
1885. vi, 268, vi p. UIHJCNWL 1279 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1885. 221 p. HL 
Cited as Laws of 1885. 



414 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 
1887 



Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the thirty- 
fifth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the session which com- 
menced January 5, 1887 and adjourned June 15, 
1887 — printed by authority of the general assembly 
of the state of lUinois. Springfield, Rokker, pr., 1 887. 
viii, 337 p. UIHJCNWL 1280 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1887. N 
Cited as Laws of 188/. 

1889 

Laws of the state of Illinois passed by the thirty- 
sixth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the REGULAR BIENNIAL 

SESSION which convened at the capitol, in Springfield, 
on the 9th day of January, A. D., 1889, and adjourned 
sine die on the 28th day of May, A. d., 1889 — 
printed by authority of the general assembly of the 
state of Illinois. Springfield, Rokker, pr., 1889. 
xiii, 388 p. UIHJCNWL 1281 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1889. CNL 
Cited as Laws of i88q. 



1890 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the thirty- 
sixth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the EXTRA SESSION 

which convened at the capitol, in Springfield, on the 
23d day of July, a. d., 1890, and adjourned sine die 
on the 1st day of August, A. D., 1890 — printed by 
authority of the general assembly of the state of 
Illinois. Springfield, Rokker, pr., 1890. 10 p. UIWL 

1282 

Cited as Laws of i8go. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 415 

1891 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the thirty- 
seventh GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at the regular biennial 
session which convened at the capitol, in Springfield, 
on the 7th day of January, a. D., 1891, and adjourned 
sine die on the 12th day of June, A. d., 1891 — printed 
by authority of the general assembly of the state of 
Illinois. Springfield, Rokker, pr., 1891. x, 239 p. 

UmjCNWL 1283 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1891. 160 p. NL 
Cited as Laws of i8gi. 

1893 

Laws of the state of Illinois, passed by the thirty- 
eighth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the regular biennial 
session which convened at the capitol in Springfield, 
on the 4th day of January, a. d., 1893, and adjourned 
sine die on the i6th day of June, A. D., 1893 — printed 
by authority of the general assembly of the state of 
Illinois. Springfield, Rokker, pr., 1893. vii, 205 p. 

UmjCNWL 1284 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1893. 146 p. UCN 
Cited as Laws of i8gj. 

1895 

Laws of the state of Illinois, enacted by the thirty- 
ninth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the REGULAR BIENNIAL 

SESSION begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 
Springfield, on the 9th day of January, A. D., 1895, and 
adjourned sine die, on the 14th day of June, A. D., 
1 895 — printed by authority of the general assembly 
of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Hartman, pr., 

1895. xi, 350 p. UIJCNWL 1285 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1895. 257 p. L 
Cited as i Laws of i8gj. 



4i6 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1895 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the thirty- 
ninth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the EXTRA SESSION be- 
gun and held at the capitol in the city of Springfield, 
on the 25th day of June, A. d., 1895, and adjourned 
sine die, on the 2d day of August, A. d., 1895 — 
printed by authority of the general assembly of the 
state of IlHnois. Springfield, Hartman, pr., 1895. 
13 p. UIJNWL 1286 

Cited as 2 Laws of iSpS- Usually bound with the preceding 
item. 

1897 

Laws of the state of Illinois, enacted by the fortieth 

GENERAL ASSEMBLY, at the REGULAR BIENNIAL 

SESSION, begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 

Springfield, on the 6th day of January, A. D., 1897, 

and adjourned sine die on the 4th day of June, A. D., 

1897 — printed by authority of the general assembly 

of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Phillips, pr., 

1897. xii, 336 p. UIHJCNWL 1287 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1897. 249 p. L 
Cited as Laws of iSgy. 

1897-98 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the fortieth 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the EXTRA SESSION, begun and 
held at the capitol, in the city of Springfield, on the 
7th day of December, a. d., 1897, ^i^d adjourned sine 
die on the 24th day of February, A. d., 1898 — print- 
ed by authority of the general assembly of the state 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 417 

of Illinois. Springfield, Phillips, pr., 1898. 63 p. 

UIHJCW 1288 

Also, Springfield, Rokker, pr., 1898. 63 p. L — Bradwell 
ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1898. 49 p. NL 
Cited as Laws of i8g8. 

1899 

Laws of the state of Illinois, enacted by the forty- 
first GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the regular biennial 
session, begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 
Springfield, on the 4th day of January, A. D., 1899, 
and adjourned sine die on the 14th day of April, A. d., 
1 899 — printed by authority of the general assembly 
of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Phillips, pr., 
1899. xii, 425 p. UIJCNWL 1289 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1899. 311 p. HL 
Cited as Laws of iSgg. 

1901 

Laws of the state of Illinois, enacted by the forty- 
second GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the regular biennial 
session, begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 
Springfield, on the ninth day of January, A. D. 1901, 
and adjourned sine die on the fourth day of May, 
A. D. 1 90 1 — printed by authority of the general as- 
sembly of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Phillips, 
pr., 1901. xi, 387 p. UIHJCNL 1290 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1901. 275 p. HL 
Cited as Laws of igoi. 

1903 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
third GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the regular biennial 
session, begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 



41 8 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

Springfield, on the seventh day of January, a. d. 1903, 
and adjourned sine die on the seventh day of May, 
A. D. 1903 — printed by authority of the general 
assembly of the state of IlHnois. Springfield, 
Phillips, pr., 1903. xiii, 381 p. UmjNWL 1291 

Bradwell ed., Chicago, Legal news, 1903. 299 p. L 
Cited as Laws of igoj. 

1905 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
fourth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the REGULAR BIENNIAL 

SESSION, begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 

Springfield on the fourth day of January, A. d. 1905, 

and adjourned sine die on the sixth day of May, A. D. 

1905 — printed by authority of the general assembly 

of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Illmois state 

journal J pr., 1905. xiii, 428 p. UIHJNL 1292 

Reprinted, ibid., 1906. xv, 428 p. (see no. 1293). UIWL 
Cited as Laws of 1905. 

1906 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
fourth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the SPECIAL SESSION, 
begun and held at the capitol in the city of Springfield 
on the loth day of April, a. d. 1906, and adjourned 
sine die on the i6th day of May, A. d. 1906 — printed 
by authority of the general assembly of the state of 
Illinois, 1906. Springfield, Illinois state journal, pr., 
1906. 429-469 p. UIWL 1293 

Bound with a page for page reprint of the laws of the first 
session. Besides the separate title-pages the volume as a whole 
has the following title-page: Laws of Illinois, forty-fourth 
general assembly, ist session 190 j and 2nd session 1906, in one 
voUime, 1906. 

Cited as Laws of 1906 or jointly as Laws of 1905-06. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 419 

1907 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
fifth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the REGULAR BIENNIAL 

SESSION to the time of taking a recess on May 16, 

1907, begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 
Springfield, on the ninth day of January, A. D. 1907, 
and adjourned on the sixteenth day of May, A. d. 
1907 to the eighth day of October, a. d. 1907, except- 
ing acts in which items of appropriation were vetoed 
— printed by authority of the general assembly of 
the state of Illinois. Springfield, Phillips, pr., 1907. 

xvi, 605 p. UmjNL 1294 

Reprinted, ibid., 1908. xvi, 605 p. UIW 
Cited as Laws of 1907. The omitted laws were printed with 
the laws of the adjourned session (no. 1295). 

1907-08 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
fifth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the ADJOURNED SESSION 

begun and held at the capitol, in the city of Spring- 
field, on the eighth day of October, a. d. 1907, and 
adjourned sine die on the twenty-third day of May, 
A. D. 1908, including acts of former session thereof in 
which items of appropriation were vetoed — printed 
by authority of the general assembly of the state of 
Illinois. Springfield, Phillips, pr., 1908. v, 112 p. 

UIJNWL 1295 

Copies are bound with the reprint of the Laws of 1907 (no. 
1294), the volume having the general title-page: Laws of 
Illinois, forty-fifth general assembly, complete in one volume, 1907- 

1908. Cited as Laws of 1908 or jointly as Laws of 1907-08. 

1909 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
sixth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the REGULAR BIENNIAL 



420 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

SESSION begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 
Springfield, on the sixth day of January, 1909, and 
adjourned sine die on the fourth day of June, 1909 
— printed by authority of the general assembly of 
the state of Illinois. Springfield, Illinois state jour- 
nal, pr., 1909. xvi, 517 P- N 1296 

Reprinted, ibid., 1910. xvi, 517 p. UIWL 

Cited as Laws of iqoq. See no. 1297. 

1909-10 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
sixth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the SPECIAL SESSION, 

begun and held at the capitol, in the city of Spring- 
field, on the fourteenth day of December, a. d. 1909, 
and adjourned sine die on the second day of March, 
A. D. 19 10 — printed by authority of the general 
assembly of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Illinois 
state journal, pr., 19 10. 98 p. TJINWL 1297 

Copies are bound with the reprint of the Laws of igog- 
(no. 1296), the volume having the general title-page: Laws of 
Illinois, forty-sixth general assembly, regular and special sessions, 
complete in one volume, igog-igio. Cited as Laws of jgio or 
jointly as Laws of igog-io. 

191I 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
seventh GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the REGULAR BIEN- 
NIAL SESSION, begun and held at the capitol, in the 
city of Springfield, on the fourth day of January 
A. D. 191 1 and adjourned sine die on the first day of 
June A. D. 191 1 — printed by authority of the general 
assembly of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Illinois 
state journal, pr., 191 1. xvi, 576 p, UIHWL 1298 
Cited as Laws of igii. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 421 

1911-12 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
seventh GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the FIRST, SECOND, 

and THIRD SPECIAL SESSIONS, 1911-1912. Spring- 
field, Illinois state journal ^ pr., 1912. 100 p. UIHWL 

1299 

Cited as Laws of 1Q11-12. The first special session was held, 
with long recesses, from June 14 to November 14, 191 1, the 
second from March 26 to June 5, 191 2, the third from April 24 
to June 5, 191 2, thus presenting the curious anomaly of two 
sessions being held simultaneously. There are separate title- 
pages for the laws of each session but they are without imprints 
and the volume is paged continuously throughout. The laws 
of the first special session were also published separately 
(Springfield, Illinois state journal, pr,, 1912. 10 p.) and bound 
with the Journals, the volume having the general title: Laws 
of the state of Illinois and journals of the senate and house of 
representatives, first special session of the 4'/th general assembly — 
printed by authority of the general assembly of the state of Illinois , 
iQii (Springfield, Illinois state journal, pr., 1912. 10, iii, 
140 p. Ul). 

1913 

Laws of the state of Illinois enacted by the forty- 
eighth GENERAL ASSEMBLY at the regular biennial 
session begun and held at the capitol, in the city of 
Springfield, on the eighth day of January, a. D. 19 13, 
and adjourned sine die on the thirtieth day of June, 
A. D. 1913 — printed by authority of the general 
assembly of the state of Illinois. Springfield, Illi?iois 
state journal, pr., 1913. 669 p. UIL 1300 

Also, "advanced edition," ibid. 615 p. U 

REVISIONS AND COMPILATIONS 

The revisions of 1807, 1815, 1827, 1829, and 1833 are included 
with the session laws (nos. 1212, 1216, 1225, 1227, and 1229) 
because they contain the only contemporary pubHcation in 



42 2 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

book form of the laws of certain sessions. Their titles are not 
repeated here. This list contains only revisions and compilations 
of a general nature — no attempt has been made to include 
works which contain laws relating to special subjects only. 



1839 

The public and general statute laws of the state of 
Illinois; containing all the laws published in the 
"Revised statutes" of 1833, except such as are re- 
pealed; together with all the acts of a general and 
public nature, passed by the ninth general assembly 
at their first session commencing December i, 1834, 
and ending February 13, 1835; and at their second 
session, commencing December 7, 1835, and ending 
January 18, 1836; and those passed by the tenth 
general assembly at their session commencing Decem- 
ber 5, 1836, and ending March 6, 1837; and at their 
special session commencing July 10 and ending July 
22, 1837; which are not repealed; and also the 
militia law; compiled and arranged alphabetically 
with occasional references. Chicago, Gale, 1839. 
iv, 743 p. umjL 1301 

This private compilation is the work of J. Young Scaramon. 
It is usually cited as Calebs Statutes. 

1845 

Revised statutes of the state of Illinois, adopted by the 

general assembly of said state, at its regular session, 
held in the years, A. d., i844-'45; together with an 
appendix, containing acts passed at the same and 
previous sessions, not incorporated in the Revised 
statutes, but which remain in force; revised and pre- 
pared for publication, with notes, index, &c. by M. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 423 

Brayman — published by authority of the general 
assembly. Springfield, Walter and Weber, pr., 1845. 
xvi, 749 p. UIHJCNWL 1302 

Cited as Brayman' s Statutes. 

1856 

A compilation of the statutes of the state of Illinois, of a 
general nature, in force January i, 1856; collated 
with reference to the decisions of the supreme court of 
said state, and to prior laws relating to the same sub- 
ject matter, by N. H. Purple. Chicago, Keen & 
Lee, 1856. 2 V. mjWL 1303 

2d ed. with add., ibid., 1857. 2 v. HL — Ibid. 2 parts in 
I V. N 
A private compilation; cited as Purple's Statutes. 

1858-64 

The statutes of Illinois embracing all of the general 
laws of the state, in force December i, 1857, with 
marginal notes, showing the contents of each section, 
and a reference to the decisions of the supreme court 
upon the construction of each statute; compiled by 
Samuel H. Treat, Walter B. Scates, and Robert 
S. Blackwell — published by authority of the 
general assembly. Chicago, Cooke, 1858. xxviii, 
1464 p. UHN 1304 

Also, ibid. 2 v. paged continuously, xxviii, 744; xix, 745- 
1464 p. JL — Reprinted, with Cooke's ed. of the Laws of 185Q 
and Myers' ed. of the Laws of 186 j bound in (see nos. 1257, 
1 261) as Authorized edition — The statutes of Illinois . . . com- 
plete to i860 . . . Chicago, Myers, 1864. 2 v. paged continu- 
ously, xxviii, 1464, 215, 92 p. U 

A compilation only; cited as Scales' Compilation. 



424 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

1868-74 

The statutes of Illinois; an analytical digest of all the 

general laws of the state in force at the present time, 

1 81 8 to 1868; with a classified index to all local, 

special, and transient acts since December, 1844; 

edited by Eugene L. Gross . . . Chicago, Myers, 

1868. 1000 p. UIJNL 1305 

Also, The statutes of Illinois . . . official and standard . . . 
1818 to i86q . . . 3d ed., Springfield, Gross, 1870. 42, 930 p. 
JNL — 3d ed., ibid., 1871. 64, 930 p. J — 3d ed., ibid., 1872. 
64, 930 p. HN — Also, The statutes of Illinois . . . 1818 to i86g 
. . . volume I . . . 2)^ ed., ibid. 62, 930 p. IH — Also, The 
statutes of Illinois . . . 1818 to 1872 edited by Eugene L. Gross 
and William L. Gross . . . second volume — acts of i8yi and 
1872 . . . Ibid, xxi, 62, 511 p. IHNL — Also, The statutes of 
Illinois . . . 1818 to 1874 edited by William L. Gross . . . 
volume 111 — acts of 1 873-4. 2d ed., ibid, vi, 504 p. UIHNL 
Cited as Gross' Statutes. The last three volumes listed go 
together and the last two contain the revised statutes adopted 
by the twenty-seventh and twenty-eighth general assemblies, 
1871-72 and 1873-74. The "Index to all local, special and 
transient acts" in the first edition was not included in later 
editions but was expanded and published separately as An 
index to all the laws for the state of Illinois, both public and private, 
which are not printed at large in Gross' Statutes of i86g, except 
private acts of i86g; 1818 to i86g; by Eugene L. Gross and 
William L. Gross . . . {Ibid., 1869. xii, 140 p. IJ). 



1873-78 

Statutes of Illinois, construed by Hon. W. H. Under- 
wood ... St. Louis, Gilbert, 1873-75. 2 v. HL 

1306 

Also, Statutes construed . . . containing statutes of 1874 as 
amended by acts of 1875 b" 1877. St. Louis, 1878. 2 v. I 

A private publication of the revised statutes adopted by the 
general assembly, 1871-74. Cited as Underwood's Statutes. 



TERRITORIAL AND STATE LAWS 425 

1874-1912 

The revised statutes of the state of IlHnois; a. d. 1874; 
comprising the revised acts of 187 1-2 and 1873-4, 
together with all other general statutes of the state, 
in force on the first day of July, 1874; compiled and 
edited by Harvey B. Hurd ... by authority of the 
general assembly. Springfield, Illinois journal, 1874. 
viii, 1235 p. UHJCNWL 1307 

Rev. to July i, 1877, Chicago, Legal news, 1877. xii, 1167 p. 
UN — Rev. to February i, 1880, ibid., 1880. xvi, 1244 p. HJCN 
— Rev. to October i, 1881, ibid., 1881. xvi, 1274 p. HJN^ 
Rev. to December i, 1882, ibid., 1882. xvi, 1274 p. N — Rev. 
to October i, 1883, ibid., 1883. xvi, 1316 p. UIH — Rev. to 
September i, 1885, ibid., 1885. xvi, 1395 p. IJ — Rev. to 
November I, 1887, i6/(/., 1887. xiii, 1501 p. INL — Rev. to 
September i, 1889, ibid., 1889. xiv, i5(:8 p. IHCN — Rev. to 
October i, 1891, ibid., 1891. xv, 1621 p. IJC — Rev. to 
November i, i8gs, ibid., 1893. xv, 1660 p. IHJC — Rev. to 
December i, 1895, ibid., 1895. xvi, 1766 p. UH — Rev. to 
December i, 1897, ibid., 1897. xv, 1830 p. UJ — Rev. to May 
1, i8gS, ibid., i8g8. xv, 1832 p. HC — Rev. to December i, 
1899, ibid., 1899. xiv, 1952 p. HJ — Rev. to January i, 1902, 
ibid., igoi. xiv, 2027 p. U — Rev. to January i, 1904, j^zW., 1904. 
XV, 2 1 21 p. UJL — Rev. to January i, 1905, ibid., 1905. — Rev. to 
January i, 1906, ibid., 1906. xvi, 2278 p. I — Rev. to January 
I, 1909, ibid., 1908. xviii, 2452 p. JC — Rev. to January i, 
igio, ibid., 1910. xviii, 2543 p. — Rev. to January i, 191 2, ibid., 
1911. xciv, 2654 p. U — Rev. to October i, 1912, ibid., 1912. 
xciv, 2654 p. 

The first is the official edition of the revision of 1871-74. 
There has been no official revision since then. Cited as Hurd's 
Statutes or simply as Revised statutes wnth the date. The revi- 
sions "to January i, 1902," etc., are known as Revised statutes, 
1 90 1, etc. 

1880-87 

The revised statutes of the state of Illinois, as altered 
by subsequent legislation; together with the unre- 
pealed statutory provisions of a general nature, passed 



426 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

from the time of the revision in 1874 "to the year 1880, 
arranged in the manner of the Revised statutes; to 
which are added references to judicial decisions in 
relation to their provisions, and explanatory notes 
and a full index; edited by Geo. W. Cothran . . . 
Chicago, Myers, 1880. xi, 18 10 p. HJL 1308 

2d ed., rev., ibid., 1881. — 4th ed., rev., ibid., 1884. I — 5th 
ed., rev., ibid., 1885. xlvi, 1810 p. N — 6th ed., rev., ibid., 
1887. xlvi, 1821 p. HC 

Cited as Cothran' s Statutes. 

1885-1913 

Annotated statutes of the state of Illinois in force 
January i, 1885, embracing the revision of 1874, ^-^^ 
all general statutes enacted since such revision, so 
far as in force, with digested notes of decisions con- 
struing or illustrating their provisions, by the courts 
of Illinois and of the United States, and historical 
notes comparing the present statutes with previous 
legislation, edited by Merritt Starr and Russel 
H. Curtis . . . Chicago, Callaghan, 1885. 2 v. 
paged continuously, xx, 2869 p. UL 1309 

Also, . . . Supplement embracing the session laws of 1885 and 
1887 . . . [2d ed.] ibid., 1887. xxiv, 608 p. JL — Annotated 
statutes ... 2d ed., ibid.y 1896. 3 v. paged continuously, 
XXV, 4447 p. IGL — Also, Jones and Addington's Supplement 
. . . edited by W. Clyde Jones and Keene H. Addington . . . 
Ibid., 1902. X, 1377 p. CL — Jones and Addington's Second 
supplement . . . Ibid., 1903. xxxiv, 622 p. CL — Annotated 
statutes . . . edited by . . . Jones . . . and Addington . . . 
Ibid., 1913. L 

Cited as Starr and Curtis' s Annotated statutes. 



LIST OF REFERENCES 



LIST OF REFERENCES 

A large number of bibliographies, including trade lists and 
catalogues, have been used in the compilation of this work. 
Some of them, which contain annotations, are referred to fre- 
quently in the notes; and, as full titles are not given in such refer- 
ences, they are listed here. 

Boggess, Arthur C. The settlement of Illinois, 1778- 
1830. Chicago, 1908. 267 p. (Chicago Histori- 
cal Society, Collections, v.) 1401 
Annotated bibliography, pp. 213-256. 

Larned, J. N., ed. The literature of American his- 
tory; a bibliographical guide in which the scope, 
character, and comparative worth of books in se- 
lected lists are set forth in brief notes by critics of 
authority. Boston, Houghton, etc., 1902. ix, 588 p. 
(American Library Association, Annotated lists.) 

1402 

Sabin, Joseph. A dictionary of books relating to 

America, from its discovery to the present time. 

New York, Sabin, 1868-92. 20 v. 1403 

This monumental work was never finished, the last entry in 
the alphabetical arrangement being Smith (Henry H.). Only a 
few of the items are annotated. 

Thomson, Peter G. A bibliography of the state of 
Ohio, being a catalogue of the books and pamphlets 
relating to the history of the state, with collations 
and bibliographical and critical notes . . . Cin- 
cinnati, author, 1880. 436 p. 1404 

429 



430 ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS , 

Thwaites, Reuben G., ed. Early western travels, 

1 748-1 846; a series of annotated reprints of some of 

the best and rarest contemporary volumes of travel, 

descriptive of the aborigines and social and economic 

conditions in the middle and far West, during the 

period of early American settlement. Cleveland, 

Clark, 1904-07. 32 V. 1405 

Many of these reprints are listed in the bibliography of 
travel; but the references are necessarily brief, and so the 
set as a whole is listed here. 

Tuckerman, Henry T. America and her commen- 
tators, with a critical sketch of travel in the United 
States. New York, Scribner, 1864. viii, 460 p. 

1406 

Winsor, Justin, ed. Narrative and critical history of 
America. Boston & New York, Houghton, etc. 
[c. 1884-89]. 1407 

Volumes vi and vii, with the subtitle : The United States of 
North America, contain bibliographical notes on works of 
travel. 



INDEX 



II 



INDEX 

Reference is to numbers unless otherwise indicated. The 
items in the bibliography of travel and description have been 
classified roughly into Biographies and recollections, Descriptive 
accounts, Gazetteers, Geographies, Guides, and Travels (Ameri- 
can, English, etc.). It should be borne in mind that only the 
information contained in the titles and notes could be indexed and 
the lack of reference to a work under a particular heading does not 
mean that the work itself contains nothing on the subject of that 
heading. 



A travers VAmerique, Froebel, 493. 
Aanteekeningen op eene Reis, Gevers 

Deynoot, 603. 
A hrege de geographic, Balbi, 269. 
Abridgement of the American gazetteer, 

Morse, 53. 
Abstract of a report on Illinois coals, 

Norwood, 487. 
Accompaniment to Mitchell's Map 

of the United States, 282. 
Accompaniment to Mitchell's Map of 

the world, 332. 
A ccount of a voyage up the Mississippi 

River, Pike, 65; Bingley reprints 

extracts, 168. 
Account of expeditions. Pike, 65. 
Account of interview with his country- 
men, O'Donovan, 436. 
Account of Long's expedition, James, 

144. 
Account of the United States, Holmes, 

107. 
Across the plains, Hewitt, 634. 
Across the Rocky Mountains, Kelly, 

453- 

Adams, Ephriam, Iowa band, 377. 

Adams County, atlases, 701, 704; 
biographical collection, 703; Han- 
cock County formed from, p. 207 ; 



histories, 702, 705; organization, 
p. 277. 

Addington, Keene H., Supplements 
to Starr and Curtis, Annotated 
statutes, 1309. 

Address to British emigrants, Birk- 
beck, 134. 

Address to the farmers of Great 
Britain, Birkbeck, 173. 

Adet, French minister, 48. 

Adventure series: Bonner, Life of 
Beckwourth, 156. 

Adventures, Lanman, 403. 

Adventures of an English gentleman's 
family, Beste, 489. 

Affairs at Fort Chartres, Butricke, 18. 

After the storm, Skinner, 659. 

Agricultural conditions, described 
by: Farmar, 5;Fraser, 5a; Hutchins, 
14; Wilkins, 17a; Imlay, 43; 
Melish, 94; History of North Amer- 
ica, 118; Howitt, 152; Woods, 153; 
Warden, 154; Flint, 211; Stuart, 
224; Hall, 229, 300; Shirreff, 263; 
Bromme, 271; Beach, 292; Mitch- 
ell. 3 13 J Jones, 326; Illinois, 
geology and geoponicks, 338; Re- 
marks on the western states, 342; 
Flower, 359; Illinois and its re- 



433 



434 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



sources, 363; Newhall, 388; Smith, 
455; Fisher, 458, 519; Neal, 476, 
522a; Jorg, 483; Kohler, 495; 
Russell, 531; Central Illinois Farm, 
Coal and Lumber Co., 538; Illinois 
Land Co., 545; Gerhard, 556; 
Illinois Central Railroad Co., 559; 
Colby, 574; Caird, 587; Northwest, 
596; Greeley, 604; New World, 
606; Clarke, 619; Ferri-Pisani, 622; 
Spence, 638. See also Economic 
conditions, Lands. 

Alabama, Miller describes, 124. 

Alaska, Barber and Howe describe, 
618. 

Albany (N. Y.), routes from, 385. 

Albion, visited or described by: 
Flower, 140; Blane, 174; Seals- 
field, 199; Stuart, 224; [C] Ferrall, 
245. See also English settlement. 

Albion register, reprints Flower, 
English settlement, 800. 

Album oj genealogy and biography. 
Cook County, 763. 

Alcedo, Col. Don Antonio de, Dic- 
cionario, 81. 

Alden, Ogle, & Co., p. 268; publ. 
plat book of county of: Fayette, 
806; Hancock, 834; La Salle, 901; 
Macon, 947; Marshall, 972; Mer- 
cer, 988; Putnam, 1038. 

Alexander County, history, 706, 
p. 272, n. i; organization, p. 278; 
Pulaski County formed from, p. 
354- 

All the western states and territories. 
Barber & Howe, 618. 

Allen, Thomas, Commerce and naviga- 
tion of the Mississippi, 414. 

Allensworth,Ben C, Tazewell County, 
1099. 

Allgemeine A uswanderungs-Zeitung, 
Ross, 479. 

Allgemeine Beschreibung der Erde, 
Bosche, 309. 



Allgemeine Encyclopcedie: Schmidt, 
Illinois, 343. 

Allgemeine Lander- und Volkerkunde, 
Berghaus, 384. 

Allgemeine Uebersicht der Welt, 
Mitchell, 332. 

Alton, cut, 365; history, 957; visited 
or described by: Wm. Thomas, 
200; Stuart, 224; Illinois monthly 
magazine, 229; G. T. M. Davis, 
255. P- 13; Jacobs, 259; Bromme, 
271; Hoffman, 274; Gilman, 287; 
Flagg. 299; Rupp, 303; Wood, 304; 
Illinois in 1837, 313; Daubeny, 
323; Jones, 326; Marryat, 329; 
Mitchell, 332; Mrs. Steele, 355; 
L. F. Thomas, 365 ; Rauschenbusch, 
406; Peyton, 438; W. W. Davis, 
474; Reynolds, 510; Murray, 549; 
States and territories of our western 
empire, 582; Douglas, 589; Life in 
Illinois, 595 ; Isabella Trotter, 597 ; 
Berkeley, 601. 

Alvord, Clarence W., Eve of the 
Revolution, 13a, 14, 18, 23, 25a; 
Invitation serieuse, 23 ; Laws of the 
territory of Illinois, 1214; Occupa- 
tion and trade, l, 2, 4, 5, 5a, 6; 
Trade and land speculation, 9, 10, 
12, 13, 13a, 16, 17a, 18. 

America, see Descriptive accounts, 
Gazetteers, Geographies, Guides. 

America, Massie, 643. 

America and American Methodism, 
Jobson, 568. 

America and her commentators, Tuck- 
erman, 1406. 

America and her resources, Bristed, 
III. 

America and the American people, 

Raumer, 389. 
America and the British colonies, 

Kingdom, 146. 

America and the West Indies, Tucker, 
366. 



INDEX 



43S 



America by river and rail, Ferguson, 

542. 
America, its realities and resources, 

Wyse, 409. 
American annual cyclopedia, 629. 
American annual register, referred to, 

225. 
American atlas, Winterbotham, 46. 
American Atlas Co., p. 269; publ. 
plat book of county of: Coles, 759; 
Edgar, 797; Fulton, 815; Macou- 
pin, 953; Morgan, 1003. 
American citizen's manual of reference, 

Hadley, 352. 
American criticisms on Mrs. Trol- 

lope's "Domestic manners," 204. 
American Education Society, Quar- 
terly register, 225. 
American encyclopedia, referred to, 

225. 
American Fur Company, Hubbard 

employed by, 132. 
American gazetteer, 53. 
American geography, Morse, 56, p. 

8; Oliphant copies, 56. 
American handbook and tourists' 

guide, Routledge, 530. 
American Historical Association, An- 
nual report, p. 386. 
American historical review: Clark, 
Journal, 31 ; Clark, Letter to Henry, 
29; Austin, Journey, 51. 
American Indians, Schoolcraft, 126. 
American journal of science and arts 
(Silliman's) : Hall, Notes upon geol- 
ogy, 360; Hodge, Wisconsin a?ul 
Missouri lead region, 361 ; Shepard, 
Geology of upper Illinois, 330. 
American Library Association, An- 
notated lists: Lamed, Literature of 
American history, 1402. 
American notes, Dickens, 371, p. 

II. 
American Philosophical Society, Pro- 
ceedings: Michaux, Journal, 44. 



American quarterly review, review 

of Darby, View, 205, 233. 
American railroad and steamboat 

travelling guide, Horner, 520. 
American railway guide, Cobb, 467. 
American resources, Shaw, 536. 
American review: Haskins, Valley of 

lakes, 420. 
American scenery, Richards, 527. 
American statistical annual, 504. 
American tramp in 1864, Campbell, 

645- 
American traveller, Hewett, 192; 

Tanner, 281. 
A merican universal geography, Morse, 

35.41. 
Americans, Colton, 204, 207. 

Americans as they are, Sealsfield, 199. 

Americans at home, Haliburton, 380. 

Amerika, Goschen, 128; Roding, 187, 
196. 

Amerika (Madison, Wis.), reprints, 
Reierson, Veiviser, 383. 

Amerika i vor Tid, Cassell, 610, p. 12. 

Amerikanische Reisen, Koch, 275. 

Amerikanische Staatensystem, Berg- 
haus, 384. 

Amerika' s Geographic und Natur- 
geschichte, Bruckner, 586. 

Amerika' s wichtigste Charakteristik, 
Bruckner, 586. 

Ampere, Jean J., Promenade en Amc- 
rique, 470. 

Amphlett, William, Emigrants' direc- 
tory, 133. 

Anderson, Rasmus B., ed. : Dietrich- 
son, Reise, 398; Reierson, Veiviser, 
383; Rynning, Sandfczrdig, 316. 

Andreas, A. T., pp. 260, 266; Atlas 
map of Peoria County, 1017; Cook 
County, 761; publ. Atlas of Han- 
cock County, 832. 
Andreas, Lyter & Co., p. 259; pubL 
atlas of county of: Adams, 701; 
Greene, 820; Knox, 883; McDon- 
ough, 926; Morgan, 998; Pike, 



436 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



1029; Schuyler, 1070; Scott, 1074; 
Tazewell, 1096. 

Andree, Karl, Geographische Wande- 
rung, 600; Nord-Amerika, 471, 521. 

Andrews, Christopher C, Minnesota 
and Dacotah, 560. 

Andrews, Israel D., Trade and com- 
merce of the British North Amer- 
ican colonies, 488. 

Annotated statutes, Starr and Curtis, 
1309. 

Anschauungen und Erfahrungen in 
Nordamerika, Bosshard, 516. 

Answer to Dickens' American notes, 
Kinney, 371. 

Antiquarian and Historical Society 
of Illinois, Coles* communication 
to, 218. 

Appeal from the misrepresentations of 
James Hall, Butler, 300. 

Appleton, publ.: American annual 
cyclopedia, 629; Companion hand- 
book, 583; Illustrated hand-book of 
American travel, 583; New and 
complete United States guide, 427, 
466; Northern and eastern travellers' 
guide, 427, ^66; Railroad and steam- 
boat companion, 427; Railway and 
steam navigation guide, 577; South- 
ern and western travellers' guide, 
466. 

Archeological remains, Maximilian 
describes, 251. 

Archives of aboriginal knowledge, 
Schoolcraft, 13. 

Arends, Friedrich, Schilderung des 
Mississippithales, 266. 

Arizona, Audubon visits, 449. 

Arkansas, visited or described by: 
Nuttall, 124a; Schoolcraft, 126; 
Sealsfield, 199; Peck, 236; Schmol- 
der, 442. 

Armroyd, George, Internal navigation 
of the United States, 189. 

Armstrong, Perry A., Historical ora- 
tion [on Grundy County], 826. 



Army life, Marshall, 628. 

A rmy life of an Illinois soldier. Wills, 

626. 
Ashe, Thomas, p. 9; Travels, 68. 
Ash worth, Henry, Recollections of a 

tour, 585. 
At home and abroad, Fuller, 378; 

Taylor, 553. 
Atkins, S. D., Stephenson County, 

109 1. 
Atlantic & Pacific railroad, proposed 

route, 215. 
Atlantic and transatlantic sketches, 

Mackinnon, 475. 
Atlantic monthly: Clarke, Prairie 

state, 619; Kirkland, Illinois in 

springtime, 594. 
Atlas geographique, Buchon, 178. 
Atlas map of county of: Adams, 701; 

Greene, 820; McDonough, 926; 

Morgan, 998; Peoria, 1017; Pike, 

1029; Schuyler, 1070; Scott, 1074; 

Tazewell, 1096. 
Atlas of America, Colton's, Fisher, 

558. 
Atlas 0/ county of: Bond, 707; Bureau 

722; Clay, 751; DeWitt, 778; 

Edgar, 795; Grundy, 825; Henry, 

843; Kane, 874; Kankakee, 879; 

Knox, 883; LaSalle, 897; Lawrence, 

905; McLean, 937; Macon, 944; 

Macoupin, 954; Marshall, 970; 

Moultrie, 1005; Piatt, 1025; Rock 

Island, 1053; Shelby, 1078; Stark, 

1085; Union, iioi; Vermilion, 

mo; Warren, 11 14; Wayne, 1123; 

Whiteside, 1 128; Winnebago, 1 147; 

Woodford, 11 54. 
Atlas of the world, Colton's, Fisher, 

558. 
Atlas von Amerika, Schlieben, 223; 

Weiland, 178. 
Atlas von Nord-Amerika, Lange, 521. 
Atlases, Illinois county, pp. 257, 

259-261, 267-270, 276. See also 

Geographies. 



INDEX 



437 



Atwater. Caleb, Indians of the North- 
west, 213; Tour to Prairie du Chien, 
213; Writings, 213. 

Atwood, C. F., Lee County. 911. 

Atwood, J. H., Lee County, 911. 

Audubon, John W., p. 12; Journal, 
449. 

Augustus Conant, Illinois pioneer, 
CoUyer, 256a. 

Aurora, directory, 870. 

Aus Anierika, Froebel, 493. 

Austin, Moses, p. 8; Journey, 51. 

Auswanderers Hatidbuch, Ross, 479. 

Auswanderungsbuch, Beyer, 411. 

Autobiography, Cartwright, 186; 
Davis, 255; Hubbard, 132; Sturte- 
vant, 217. 

Available material for the study of the 
institutional history of the Old 
Northwest, Bradley, p. 386. 

Babcock, Rufus, Memoir of John 
Mason Peck, no. 

Bache, Robert, Valley of the Missis- 
sippi, 249. 

Backwoods and prairies, Regan, 376. 

Bacon, George W., Descriptive hand- 
book of America, 652. 

Bailey, John C. W., publ. Illinois 
state gazetteer, 648; publ. directory 
or gazetteer of county of: Bureau, 
p. 259, n. i; Kane, 870, p. 259, n. 
I ; LaSalle, 896, p. 259, n. i ; Mc- 
Lean, 936. p. 259, n. I ; Will, p. 259, 
n. I. 

Bailey, Robert S., Church in the 
wilderness, 334. 

Bailey & Hair, Gazetteer of McLean 
County, 936. 

Baily, Francis, Journal of a tour, 52. 

Bain, J., rev. Brookes, Gazetteer, 8. 

Baird, Robert, reputed author, 249. 

Baker, E. P., trans. Ernst, Bemer- 
kungen auf einer Reise, 138. 

Balbi, Adriano, Abrege de gcographie, 
269. 



Baldwin, Elmer, LaSalle County, 244, 
898, p. 266. 

Baldwin, Thomas, 429; Gazetteer of the 
United States, 501 ; Universal gazet- 
teer, 399. 

Baltimore, Buechler visits, 97. 

Banks, described by: Macgregor, 
405; Hay ward, 508; Fisher, 519; 
Gerhard, 556; Smith & De Moulin, 
616. 5ee fl/50 Economic conditions. 

Baptists in America, Cox & Hoby, 
288. 

Barbaroux, Charles O., Voyage du 
General Lafayette, 190. 

Barber, John W., All the western 
states and territories, 618; Our 
whole country, 618. 

Bard well, A. C, Lee County, 914. 

Barnes, Demas, From, the Atlantic to 
the Pacific, 653. 

Bartlett, Montgomery R., View of 
United States, 257. 

Baskin, O. L., & Co., pp. 263, 266; 
publ. history of county of: Alex- 
ander, 706; Bond, 708; Cass, 735; 
Clark, 749; Crawford, 767; Du 
Page, 791 ; Effingham, 803; Grundy, 
827; Mason, 977; Menard, 983; 
Montgomery, 994; Pulaski, 1035; 
Union, 1102. 

Batavia, directory, 870. 

Bateman, Newton, see Historical 
encyclopedia of Illinois; Illinois 
historical. 

Bates, Roy S., publ. Lake County, 

895- 
Bath, described in Illinois River 

railroad report, 592. 
Baton Rouge (La.), Buechler visits, 

97- 
Battey, F. A., & Co., p. 263; publ. 

history of county of: Cumberland, 

769; Douglas, 785; Jasper, 858; 

Richland, 1045. 
Baynton, Wharton, & Morgan, 

Philadelphia trading firm, 13, 13a. 



438 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Beach, Richard H., Letter from 
Illinois, 292. 

Beam, C. R., assists in platting Can- 
ton, 818. 

Beardstown, visited or described by: 
Mary Parkinson, 314; French, 425; 
Illinois River railroad report, 592. 

Beck, Lewis C, Gazetteer 0/ Illinois 
atid Missouri, 180, p. 12. 

Beckwith, Hiram W., Collections of 
the Illinois State Historical Li- 
brary, 3 1 ; Historic notes on the 
Northwest, p. 266; Iroquois County, 
849; Vermilion County, 1106. 

Beckwourth, James P., Le chasseur, 
156; Life and adventures, 156. 

Beers, J. H., p. 260; publ. atlas of 
county of: Ford, 808; Kankakee, 

879- 

Beers, Leggett, & Co., 268; publ. 
Kane County, 873. 

Behr, Ottomar von. Outer Rath fiir 
Auswanderer, 415. 

Beitrdge zur Topographic und Sta- 
tistik derVereinigten Staaten: Brom- 
me, Taschenbuch fiir Reisende, 298. 

Bell, H. C, Clark County, 750a. 

Bell, James, System of geography, 254. 

Bell, William H., Mineral lands of 
the upper Mississippi, 369. 

Bellefontaine, Biggs resides in, 38 

Belleville, visited or described by: 
Thomas, 200; Bromme, 271; Flagg, 
299; A. T. Dickens, 371; Chas. 
Dickens, 371; Busch, 482; Rey- 
nolds, 510, Villard, 535. 

Belleville advocate, publ. Kinney, 
Attswer to Dickens' American notes, 
371; publ. St. Clair County, 105. 

Belleville in January, 1854, Reynolds, 
510. 

Beltrami, Giacomo C, p. 12; Decou- 
verte des sources du Mississippi, 
181; Pilgrimage in Europe and 
America, 181. 

Belvidere, map, 712. 



Bemerkungen auf einer Reise, Ernst, 

138. 
Bent, Charles, Whiteside County, 

1 129, p. 266. 
Bentley's Standard library: Trollope, 

Domestic manners, 204. 
Benton, Thomas H., contributes to 

Dana, Garden of the world, 564. 
Berghaus, Dr. Heinrich K. W., 

Allgemeine Lander- und Volker- 

kunde, 384; Amerikanische Staaten- 

system, 384; ed. Balbi, Geographic, 

269. 
Bericht iiber eine Reise, Duden, 188. 
Berkeley, George C. Grantley F., 

English sportsman in the western 

prairies, 601. 
Bernhard, Duke of Saxe-Weimar- 

Eisenach, Reise, 198. 
Berquin-Duvallon, Vue de la colonic 

espagnolc du Mississippi, 60. 
Beschreibung einer Reise, Gerstner, 

335- 

Beschreibung einer Seer eise, Rauschen- 
busch, 406. 

Beschreibung von Amerika und West 
Indien, Schafler, 58. 

Beste, John R., The Wabash, 489. 

Bethalto, history, 957. 

Beveridge, Gov. John L., proclama- 
tion, p. 262. 

Beyer, Moritz, Amerikanische Reisen, 
275; Auswanderungsbuch, 411; 
Lebensbilder und Reisen in Amerika, 

275. 
Bibliographer's manual, Bradford, 

718. 
Bibliography of Ohio, Thomson, 1404. 
Bibliotheque de I'emigrant: Guide 

american, Rouby, 608. 
Bibliotheque universelle des voyages, 

Mont^mont: Hall, Travels, 207; 

Trollope, Domestic manners of the 

Americans, 204. 
Biddle, Richard, Captain Hall in 

America, 207. 



INDEX 



439 



Biggs, William, Narrative, 38, p. 7. 

Bingley, William, Travels in North 
America, 168. 

Biographical and genealogical record 
of LaSalle and Grundy counties, 
828, 902. 

Biographical and historical record of 
Kane County, 873. 

Biographical and reminiscent history 
of Richland, Clay, and Marion 
counties, 753, 967, 1047, p. 273. 

Biographicj,l directory of Kendall 
County, 881, p. 263. 

Biographical directory of McHenry 
County, 932. 

Biographical Publishing Co., p. 268; 
publ. biographical collection of 
county of: Boone, 714; Calhoun, 
727; Fulton, 814; Hardin, 838; 
Henry, 845; Jackson, 856; Johnson, 
869; Kendall, 882a; Knox, 885; 
Macoupin, 952; Madison, 961; 
Mason, 978; Massac, 980; Monroe, 
991; Moultrie, 1007; Peoria, 1019; 
Perry, 1024; Pike, 1031; Pope, 
1034; Randolph, 1044; Rock Island, 
1049; Shelby, 1080; Tazewell, 1098; 
Will, 1140a; Winnebago, 1150. 

Biographical record of county of: 
Bureau, 725; DeKalb, 775; DeWitt, 
782; Henry, 846; Kane, 875; 
Livingston, 916; Logan, 923; 
McLean. 942; Macoupin 955; 
Marshall, 973; Ogle, 1014; Putnam, 
1039; Rock Island, 1052; Whiteside, 
1132; Woodford, 1157. 

Biographical review of Johnson, Mas- 
sac, Pope and Hardin counties, 838, 
869, 980, 1034. 

Biographies and recollections: Rey- 
nolds, 57; Shaw, 84; Flint, 93; 
Parkinson, 108; Peck, no; Hub- 
bard, T32; Mrs. Tillson, 155; 
Beckwourth, 156; Spencer, 166; 
Ross, 167; Childs, 169; Meeker, 
177; Coffin, 182; Cartwright, 186; 



Fonda, 191; Lee, 197; Thomas, 
200; McKenney, 203; Martin, 210; 
Sturtevant, 217; Stone, 232; Pal- 
mer, 237; Davis, 255; Reminiscen- 
ces of Wisconsin, 261 ; Turner, 265; 
Mitchell, 267; Post, 268; Koerner, 
270; Clark, 294; Chase, 295; 
Milbum, 333; French, 425; Peyton, 
438; Mattson, 500; Villard, 535. 

Birkbeck, Morris, Address to British 
emigrants, 134; Address to farmers 
of Great Britain, 173; Extracts from 
a supplementary letter. 134; founder 
of English settlement, 359, 800, 
p. 13; Journey through France, 134; 
Letters from Illinois, 98, 105; 
Lettres sur les nouveaux etabliss- 
mens, 105; Notes on a journey in 
America, 95, 98, 168; Reply to Cob- 
bett, 134; To emigrants arriving in 
eastern states, 134; mention, p. 10; 
letter from: manuscript, 134; publ. 
by Flower, 165; to Melish, 149; 
works copied or discussed by: 
Bristed, lii;Cobbett, ii2;Fearon, 
98; Johnson, 145; Kingdom, 146; 
Knight, 12 1 ; Lorain, 147; Melish, 
149. 

Bishop, Judge C. A., DeKalb County, 

in- 

Bishop, Mrs. Isabella L. (Bird), 

Englishwoman in America, 517. 
Bishop Chase's address, 382. 

Bishop Chase's reminiscences, 295. 

Bisset, Alexander, rev. Brookes, 
Gazetteer, 8. 

Black Hawk, mention, 90. 

Black Hawk War, account by: 
Cooke, 240; Duis, 938; History of 
McHenry County, 933; Mrs. Kin- 
zie, 230; Narrative of the Hall 
sisters, 244; Parkinson, 108; Rey- 
nolds, 57; Spencer, 166. 

Blackie, Walker G., Imperial gazetteer, 
537. 



440 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Blackwell, Robert S., Statutes of 

Illinois, 1304. 
Blackwood's Magazine: Oliphant, 

Minnesota and the far West, 524. 
Blair, Emma H., Indian tribes of the 

Upper Mississippi and Great Lakes 

region, 161. 
Blair, Francis P., Jr., Report of com- 

tnitiee on military affairs, 630. 
Blake, William C, reputed author, 

497- 
Blanchard, Rufus, DuPage County, 

791. 
Blane, William N., Excursion through 

the United States and Canada, 174; 

Travels through the United States 

and Canada, 174. 
Blaney, Captain, reputed author, 

174. 
"Bloody vieTidetta" in Williamson 

County, 1 143, p. 262. 
Bloomington, described by: Rey- 
nolds, 510; Gazetteer of McLean 

County, 936. 
Bio we, Daniel, View of the United 

States, 157. 
BluflFdale, described by Illinois 

monthly magazine, 229. 
Board of Trade (Eng.), document 

sent to, 12. 
Bosche, Eduard T., Allgemeine Be- 

schreibung der Erde, 309. 
Boggess, Arthur C, Settlement of 

Illinois, 1401. 

Boies, Henry L., DeKalb County, 
770, p. 259. 

Bolton chronicle: Ashworth, Recollec- 
tions of a tour, 585. 

Boltoa Mechanics Institute, Ash- 
worth's address before, 585. 

Bond County, atlases, 707, 710; bio- 
graphical collection, 709; history, 
708, p. 272, n. i; organization, p. 
278; counties formed from: Clinton, 
p. 289; Fayette, p. 300; Mont- 



gomery, p. 344; Pike, p. 352; San- 
gamon, p. 360. 

Bonner, T. D., Life of James P. 
Beckwourth, 156. 

Bonnet, J. Esprit, £.tats-Unis de 
rAmerique, 39. 

Book of the United States, Mellen, 297. 

Book of the world, Fisher, 458. 

Boone County, atlases, 712, 713; 
biographical collection, 714; gazet- 
teer, 544; histories, 711, 715; or- 
ganization, p. 279. 

Borrett, George T., Out West, 644. 

Bosshard, Heinrich, Anschauungen 
und Erfahrungen in Nordamerika, 
516. 

Boston, transportation via, 419, 439. 

Boston Association for purchasing 
mineral property in Missouri and 
Illinois, reports to, 354. 

Boudinot, publ. Atlas of Vermilion 
County, 1 1 10. 

Bounty lands, see Lands. 

Bowen, Eli, United States post-office 
guide, 472. 

Bowen, B. F., & Co., publ. history of 
county of: Clay, 753; Jefferson, 
861; Marion, 967, 968; Richland, 
1047. 

Bowker, R. R., State publications, 
p. 386. 

Bowman, Joseph, p. 7; Journal and 
letters, 30. 

Bradbury, John, Knight discusses, 
121; Travels in North America, 89. 

Bradford, Thomas G., abridges Balbi, 
Geographie, 269; atlases, 285; rev. 
Murray, Encyclopedia of geography, 
283. 

Bradford, Thomas L., Bibliographer's 
manual, 718. 

Bradford, William, History of Plym- 
outh Plantations, p. 259. 

Bradford, William J. A., Notes on the 
Northwest, 400. 

Bradley, Isaac S., Available material 



INDEX 



441 



for the study of institutional history 

of the Old Northwest, p. 386. 
Bradsby, H. C, Bureau Coutity, 724. 
Bradwell, Myra, 1273. 
Bradwell edition, Laws of Illinois, 

1273-1281, 1283, 1284, 1287-1291. 
Brauer, Lydia M., trans. Invitation 

serieuse, 23. 
Brauns, Ernst L., Ideen tiber die 

Auswanderung nach Amerika, 201; 

Neudeutschland in Westamerika, 

416. 
Brauns, J. E. L., trans. Melish, 

Travels, 74. 
Brayman, M., Revised statutes, 1302. 
Bremer, Fredrika, p. 12; Hemmen i 

den nya verlden, 459; Homes of the 

New World, 459. 
Bridgman, Ensign, Bridgman & 

Fanning, guides, 572. 
Brief account of interview with his 

cou7itrymen, O'Donovan, 436. 
Brief description of the canals and 

railroads of the United States, 

Tanner, 279. 
Brief description of the prairies of 

Illinois, Caird, 602. 
Brief statement of the Central Illinois 

Farm, Coal, and Lumber Company, 

538. 

Brief e aus Amerika, Kohler, 495, p. 
12. 

Briefe aus den Vereinigten Staaten, 
Jorg, 483. 

Briefe aus und Hber Nordamerika, 
Buttner, 392. 

Brieven uit en over de Vereenigde 
Staten door Jonathan, 450. 

Brigdon, Philip, captivity of, 244. 

Brink (W. R. Brink & Co., Brink, 
McDonough & Co., Brink, McCor- 
mick, & Co.), pp. 261, 265; publ. 
atlas of county of: Cass, 733; 
Douglas, 784; Iroquois, 850; Law- 
rence, 905; Madison, 958; Mason, 
.975; Menard, 982; Montgomery, 



993; Randolph, 1042; Sangamon, 
1062; Vermilion, 11 05; 

publ. history of county of: Brown, 
716; Champaign, 739; Christian, 
745; Clinton, 754; DeWitt, 779; 
Fayette, 805; Jackson, 854; Macon, 
946; Macoupin, 951; Madison, 959; 
Marion, 964; Moultrie, 1006; 
St. Clair, 1056; Schuyler, 1072; 
Shelby, 1079; Washington, 1120. 

Brinker, George, Bowman's letter to, 
30. 

Brinkerhoff , J. H. C, Marion County, 
968. 

Bristed, John, America and her re- 
sources, III; Kingdom copies, 146; 
Resources of the U?iited States, 1 1 1. 

British- American guide-book, 606. 

British colonies, map, 28a. 

British Emigrant Society (Pa.), au- 
thorizes book, 145. 

British emigrants' "hand book," New- 
hall, 388. 

Bromme, Traugott, p. 12; Das 
amerikanische Staatensystem, 384; 
Des Universums neue Welt, 319; 
Gemdlde von Nord-Amerika, 319; 
Hand-Bibliothek filr Auswanderer, 
271; Hatid- und Reise- buch ftir 
Auswanderer, 298, 357; Illinois; 
Skizze fiir Einwanderer, 271; Leit- 
faden fiir Auswanderer, 257; Mis- 
souri und Illinois, 271 ; Neuestes 
Wegweiser fiir Auswanderer, 357; 
Nordamerika's Bewohner, 319; 
RathgeberfilrAuswanderungslustige, 
357; Reisen durch die Vereinigten 
Staaten und Ober-Canada, 271; 
Taschenbuch fiir Reisende in den 
Vereinigten Staaten, 298 ; Wegweiser 
fiir Einwanderer und Reisende, 357; 
writes introduction, 311. 

Brookes, Richard, General gazetteer, 8. 

Brooklyn eagle: Barnes, From the 
Atlantic to the Pacific, 653. 

BrotJiers and cousins, Macgregor, 605. 



442 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Brown, Maj. Gen., mention, 103. 

Brown, Samuel R., Western gazetteer, 
96; copied by: Knight, 121; Pal- 
mer, 102. 

Brown County, atlas, 717; history, 
716; organization, p. 281. 

Bruckner, G., Amerika's Geographie 
und Naturgeschichte, 586 ; A merika's 
wichtigste Charakteristik, 586. 

Brunson, Alfred, Methodist circuit 
rider's tour, 286. 

Bryan, Guy M., possesses manuscript 
of Austin, Memorandum, 51. 

Bryant, William Cullen, p. 12; 
Illinois fifty years ago, 238; Letters 
of a traveller, 401; Picturesque 
souvenir, 401; The prairies, 238; 
Prose writings, 238. 

Buchon, J. A. C, Atlas giographique, 
178. 

Buck, Solon J., Pioneer letters of 
Ger shorn Flagg, 109. 

Buckingham, James S., Eastern and 
western states of America, 350. 

Budd, Henry, Report of excursion 
party, 615. 

Buchele, Dr. C, Land und Volk der 
Vereinigten Staaten, 539. 

Buechler, Johann W., Land- und See- 
re isen, 97. 

Bulau, Friedrich, ed. Naumann, 
Reise, 346. 

Buttner, Johann G., Brief e aus und 
ilber Nordamerika, 392. 

Buffalo (N.Y.), routes via, 385; 
visited or described by: Wood, 
304; Disturnell, 584. 

BuUington, John J., Fayette County, 
807. 

Bunker Hill (111.), Mrs. Ellet visits, 
491. 

Bureau County, atlases, 720, 722; 
biographical collection, 725; direc- 
tory, p. 259, n.i; histories, 718, 719, 
721, 723, 724, 726; organization, 
p. 28?. 



Burlington (la.), visited by: Post, 

268; Hospers, 451. 
Burnham, John H., McLean County, 

943- 
Busch, Moritz, Wanderungen zwisch- 

en Hudson und Mississippi, 482. 
Busey, Matthew, history of family, 

738. 
Butler, Mann, Appeal from the mis- 
representations of James Hall, 300; 

Kentucky, i. 
Butricke, George, p. 6; Affairs at 

Fort Chartres, 18. 
Byeways, backwoods and prairies, 

Haliburton, 380. 

C, A., United States and Canada, 599. 

C. , J. , Jr., United States and Canada, 599. 

Caird, James, Brief description of the 
prairies of Illinois, 602; Letter on 
the lands of the Illinois Central 
Railway Company, 587; Prairie 
farming, 587. 

Cairo, p. 7; business directory, 623; 
cut, 365; history by Lansden 371, 
375, 449, 460, 608; proposed rail- 
road terminus, 635; visited or de- 
scribed by: Thomas, 365; Dickens, 
371; Palliser, 423; Mackay, 426; 
Peyton, 438; Audubon, 449; Mrs. 
Houston, 452; Casey, 456; Cunyng- 
hame, 460; Rosenberg, 478; Mur- 
ray, 496; Reynolds, 510; Wagner, 
514; Oldmixon, 523; Robertson, 
528; Illinois Central railway, 544a; 
Kohl, 546; Pierce, 557; Cairo City 
Property, 561, 588; Douglas, 589; 
Rouby, 608; Eby, 620; Russell, 
625; Wills, 626; Trollope, 627. 

Cairo City Property, Cairo, 1856, 
561; Past, present and future of 
Cairo, 588. 

Cairo, Illinois, 1856, 561. 

Cairo in 1841, Lansden, 371. 

Cahokia, cut, 365; visited or de- 
scribed by: Perrault, 34; Scbultz, 



INDEX 



443 



70; Hubbard, 132; Bromme, 271; 
Daubeny, 323; Thomas, 365; Mur- 
ray, 549- 

Cahokia mound, Featherstonhaugh 
visits, 273. 

Calhoun, member of Long's expedi- 
tion, 183. 

Calhoun, John C, secretary of war, 
144. 

Calhoun County, biographical collec- 
tion, 727; organization, p. 283. 

California, Audubon travels in, 449; 
Beyer describes, 411; guide, 655; 
map, 512. 

Callahan, Ethelbert, contributes to 
Selby, Crawford County, biograph- 
ical, 768. 

Callicot, Theophilus Carey, Hand- 
book of universal geography, 502. 

Calumet Book & Engraving Co., p. 
268; publ. Album of genealogy and 
biography, Cook County, 763. 

Cambridge, Cunynghame visits, 460. 

Camp Butler (Springfield), Mar- 
shall at, 628. 

Campbell, A., A glance at Illinois, 
562, p. 12. 

Campbell, John F., Short American 
tramp in 1864, 645. 

Camptown, history, 1041. 

Canada, railway directory, 575; 
visi ted or described by : Mitchell ,15; 
Palmer, 102; History of North Amer- 
ica, 118; Grece, 143; Kingdom, 146; 
Hodgson, 159; Blane, 174; Conder, 
219; Tudor, 231; Pavie, 246; Shir- 
reflf, 263; Bromme, 271, 357; Logan, 
301; Wette, 318; Castelnau, 321; 
Daubeny, 323; James, 395; Wei- 
chardt, 446; S. Smith, 455; Watkin, 
480; Andrews, 488; H. A. Murray, 
496; Weld, 532; Shaw, 536; A. ^L 
Murray, 549; Hall, 573; Richards, 

- 583; Ashworth, 585; Caird, 587; 
United States and Canada, 599; 
Gevers Deynoot, 603; Macgregor, 



605; New World, 606; Morgan, 614; 
Woods, 617; Borrett, 644. 

Canals, discussed or described by: 
Long, 99; Graham & Philips, 142; 
Armroyd, 189; Coles, 218; Tanner, 
279; Mellen, 297; Chevalier, 351; 
Emigrant's handbook, 432; Curtiss, 
473; Andrews, 488; Great Lakes, 
505; Spence, 638. See also Illi- 
nois-Michigan canal. Internal im- 
provements. 

Canoe voyage up the Minnay Sotor, 
Featherstonhaugh, 293. 

Canoe voyage up the Mississippi, 403. 

Canton, platting of, 818. 

Capellini, Giovanni, Ricordi di un 
viaggio nelV America Settentrionale, 
640. 

Captain Hall in America, review of 
Hall, Travels, 207. 

Carey, Mathew, American pocket 
atlas, 47, p. 9. 

Carey & Lee, Complete American 
atlas, 178. 

Carlinville, Reynolds describes, 510. 

Carlisle, Earl of, p. 11; Travels in 
America, 362. 

Carlyle, Thomas visits. 200; Villard 
lives in, 535. 

Carmi, Blane visits, 174. 

Carolana, Coxe, copied by: geograph- 
ical works, p. 7; History of North 
America, 27; Wynne, 21. 

Carpenter, Richard V., Boone County, 
715; Margaret Fuller in nortJiern 
Illinois, 378. 

Carriel, Mary Turner, Life of Jona- 
than B. Turner, 265. 

Carrol, James E., Key to Mitchell's 
School geography, 349. 

Carroll County, atlas, 730; biograph- 
ical collection, 729; histories, 728, 
731 ; organization, p. 283. 

Carrollton, visited or described by: 
Wm, Thomas, 200; Stuart, 224; 
Wood, 304. 



444 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Carter, Clarence E., Documents re- 
lating to the occupation of the Illinois 
country by the British, 2, 4; Eve of 
the Revolution, 13a, 14, 18, 23, 25a; 
Great Britain and the Illinois coun- 
try, 12; Invitation serieuse, 23; 
Occupation and trade, i, 2, 4, 5, 5a, 
6; Trade and land speculation, 9, 
10, 12, 13, 13a, 16, 17a, 18. 

Carthage, 832. 

Cartwright, Peter, p. 13; Autobiog- 
raphy, 186; Onstott's reminiscences 
of, 979; Ross's recollections of, 167. 

Carver, Capt., rev. Penning, Geogra- 
phy, 7. 

Casey, Charles, Two years on the farm 
of Uncle Sam, 456. 

Casey, Zadok, Report of committee on 
public lands, 298a. 

Cass, Lewis, expeditions, 164, 171. 

Cass County, atlas, 733; histories, 
732, 734, 736; Illinois River rail- 
road report describes, 592 ; organi- 
zation, p. 284. 

Cassell. John, Amerika i vor Tid, 610, 
p. 12. 

Castelnau, Francis comte de. Vues et 
souvenirs de I'Amerique du Nord, 
321. 

Caswall, Henry, City of the Mormons, 
370; Thummel copies, 444. 

Catalogue of the law books of the Penn- 
sylvania State Library, Chisholm, 

p. 386. 
Catalogue of the law school of Harvard 
University, p. 386. 

Catholic Church, Chicago diocese, 
373; Quentin comments on, 464. 

Caucasians, diseases of, 461. 

Caution to emigrants, Wright, 151. 

Cave in Rock, visited or described by: 

Nuttall, 124a; Richardson, 163; 

Richards, 527. 
Census statistics, given by: Melish, 

94; Baldwin & Thomas, 501; Fan- 



ning, 503; Hay ward, 508; Wright, 

639- 
Centennial history of Madison County, 

963, p. 272. 
Centennial history of Mason County, 

976. 
Centennial record; historical sketch of 

Hardin County, 837. 
Central America, Froebel travels in, 

493- 

Central Illinois Farm, Coal & Lum- 
ber Co., statement, 538. 

Central railway, prospectus, 419. 
See also Illinois Central railroad. 

Chafee, George D., Shelby County, 
1083. 

Champaign County, atlases, 742, 
744; biographical collection, 741; 
directory, 737; histories, 737-740, 
743; Illinois Central land sales in, 
545; organization, p. 285. 

Chandler, R. W., Map of United 
States lead mines on the Upper 
Mississippi River, 210. 

Chandlerville, described in Illinois 
River railroad report, 592. 

Chapin, William, Reference gazetteer 
of the United States, 322. 

Chapman (Charles C. Chapman & 
Co.; Chapman Bros.), pp- 264, 265, 
267, 270; publ. biographical col- 
lections of county of: Adams, 703; 
Bond, 709; Carroll, 729; Cham- 
paign, 741 ; Clinton, 756 ; Coles, 758 ; 
DeKalb, 773; DeWitt, 780; Jeffer- 
son, 860; Jo Daviess, 866; Knox, 
885; McLean, 940; Marion, 966; 
Montgomery, 995; Morgan, 1002; 
Ogle, 1012; St. Clair, 1057; Sanga- 
mon, 1066; Scott, 1077; Stephen- 
son, 1093; Vermilion, 1 107; War- 
ren, 1 1 16; Washington, 1121; 
Whiteside, 1 130; Will, 1 139; Wood- 
ford, 1 156; 
publ. history of county of: Ful- 



INDEX 



445 



ton, 813; Hancock, 833; Knox, 884; 
Pike, 1030; Tazewell, 1097. 

Characteristics of the red race, Schoo. 
craft, 126. 

Charles Dickens in Illinois, Snyder, 
371- 

Charter of the Shawneetown Coal- 
mining and Manufacturing Com- 
pany, 563. 

Chase, Philander, p. 13; Address 
before the convefition of the Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church, 382; Bailey 
visits, 334; Reminiscences, 295. 

Chase, Salmon P., Statutes of Ohio 
and of the Northwestern Territory, 
1201-1205. 

Chasses dans I'Amerique du Nord, 
R^voil, 407. 

Chasses et piches de Vautre monde, 
R^voil, 407. 

Chasseur, Le, Beckwourth, 156. 

Chauveau, Pierre J. O., Relation du 
voyage de son Altesse Roy ale le 
Prince de Galles en Amerique, 611; 
Visit of His Royal Highness, 6u. 

Chenoa, history, 936. 

Cherokee country, Featherstonhaugh 
describes gold region in, 293. 

Cherokee(Cumberland)River, Hutch- 
ins describes, 14. 

Chester, Flagg visits, 299; history, 
1041. 

Chevalier, Michel, Histoire des voies 
de communication aux Btats Unis, 

351. 

Chicago, cut, 443, 657; grain market, 
600; history, 765, 766. pp. 267, 272 ; 
maps, 509, 511; massacre, 230; 
routes via, 132, 385, 445, 454, 595; 
visited or described by : Melish, 79 ; 
Storrow, 103; Morse, i6i; School- 
craft, 164, 171; Childs, 169; Keat- 
ing, 183; Fonda, 191; Mrs. Kinzie, 
230; Latrobe, 250; Conant, 256a: 
Turner, 265; Mary Mitchell, 267; 
Post, 268; Hoffman, 274; Oilman, 



287; John Clark, 294; Chase, 295; 
Field, 296; Logan, 301; Harriet 
Martincau, 302; Rupp, 303; Ca- 
therine Stewart, 308; J. A. Clark, 
310; Illinois in i8j7, 313; Davison, 
320; Castelnau, 321; Jones, 326; 
Kingman, 327; Levinge, 328; Mit- 
chell,332; Mrs. Steele, 355; Life in 
the West, 364; Unonius, 367; Salz- 
bacher, 373; Margaret Fuller, 378; 
Disturnell, 385, 584; Raumer, 389; 
Greenough, 394; Bryant, 401; 
Ludvigh, 404; Macgregor, 405, 605; 
Rauschenbusch. 406; R^voil, 407; 
Play fair, 424; Williams. 427; 
Hunt's Merchants' magazine, 429; 
Goodrich, 433; Paulding, 437; 
Peyton, 438, 525; Hospers, 451; 
Kelly, 453; Fredrika Bremer, 459; 
Cunynghame, 460; Quentin, 464; 
Ampere, 470; Curtiss, 473; Mac- 
kinnon, 475; Watkin, 480; An- 
drews, 488; Kohler, 495; Mattson, 
500; Great Lakes, 505; Phelps, 509; 
Reynolds, 510; Warnefried, 515; 
Mrs. Bishop, 517; Lange, 521; 
Oliphant, 524; Russell, 531; Weld, 
532; Hancock, 533; Lilian Foster, 
534; Villard, 535; Cornwallis, 541; 
Illinois Central railway pamphlet, 
544a; Kohl, 546; Rey, 550; Mrs. 
Ropes, 551; Taylor, 553; Dana, 
564;Jobson,568; Stirling, 570; Hall, 
573. 655; Kingsford, 579; States 
and territories, 582; Ashworth, 585; 
Homans, 591; Kelland, 593; Mrs. 
Kirkland, 594; Life in Illinois, 595; 
Isabella Trotter, 597; United 
States and Canada, 599J Andrea, 
600; Berkeley, 601 ; Gevcrs Dey- 
noot, 603; Greeley, 604; New 
World, 606; Cassell, 610; Morgan, 
614; Prince of Wales, 614, 617; 
Philadelphia board of trade, 615; 
Woods, 617; Fergusson, 621 ; Ferri- 
Pisani, 622; Russell, 625, TroUope 



446 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



627; Dicey, 631; Capellini, 640; 
Massie, 643; Borrett, 644; Camp- 
bell, 645; Duvergier de Hauranne, 
646; Laugel, 649; Bacon & Larkin, 
652 ; Barnes, 653 ; Skinner, 659. 

Chicago, Alton, & St. Louis railroad, 
towns on, 651. 

Chicago & Alton railroad, 550. 

Chicago-Desplaines portage, see Chi- 
cago River. 

Chicago diocese (Catholic), de- 
scribed by Salzbacher, 373. 

Chicago Historical Society, county 
histories in library, p. 275; publ.: 
Boggess, Settlement of Illinois, 
1401; Flower, English settlement in 
Edwards County, 800; Reynolds, 
My own times, 57. 

Chicago in 1836, Martineau, 302. 

Chicago press and tribune: Caird, 
Prairie farming in the West, 587. 

Chicago Public Library, county 
histories in, p. 275. 

Chicago River, portage, 32, 80, 142, 
183; proposed canal via, 99; source, 
390. See also Illinois-Michigan 
canal. 

Chief engineer's report, Illinois River 
railroad, 592. 

Childs, Ebenezer, Recollections of 
Wisconsin, 169. 

Chisholm, W. W., Catalogue of the 
law books of the Pennsylvania 
State Library, p. 386. 

Choules, J. O., rev. Hinton, History 
and topography of the United States, 
222. 

Christian County, atlas, 748; bio- 
graphical collection, 746; histories, 
745. 747; organization, p. 287. 

Christian monthly spectator: Hollister, 
Remarks on Illinois and Missouri, 
175. 

Christian o6ser»gr(London): Hodgson, 
Letters, 159. 



Christian reformer: Wood, Letters 
from United States, 304. 

Christian traveller. Reed, 195. 

Church, Charles A., History of Rock- 
ford and Winnebago County, 1151; 
Past and present of Rockford and 
Winnebago County, 1152. 

Church in the wilderness, Bailey, 334. 

Cincinnati (O.), visited or described 
by: Buechler, 97; Meeker, 177; 
Mrs. Trollope, 204; Sturtevant, 
217; ShirrefF, 263; Western address 
directory, 312; Fredrika Bremer, 
459; Morgan, 614; Prince of Wales, 
614, 617; Woods, 617. 

Cities, see Towns. 

City of Chicago, 429. 

City of Decatur and Macon County, 
Nelson, 949. 

City of the Mormons, Caswall, 370. 

Clark, George R., p. 7; accounts of 
expedition to the Illinois, 30, 31; 
letter to Henry, 29. 

Clark, John, biography. 294, p. 13. 

Clark, John A., Cleanings by the way, 
310. 

Clark, R., The Prairie, 518. 

Clark County, atlas, 750; histories, 
749. 750a, p. 272, n. i; organiza- 
tion, p. 288; counties formed from: 
Coles, p. 290; Edgar, p. 298; Fay- 
ette, p. 300; Pike, p. 352. 

Clark papers, James, 29, 30, 31. 

Clarke, S. ].,McDonough County, 927, 
pp. 264, 270. 

Clarke, S. J., Publishing Co., pp. 
270, 271, 276; publ. history of 
county of: Adams, 705; Christian, 
747; Ford, 811; Greene, 824; 
Iroquois, 853; Knox, 888; La- 
Salle,903; Macoupin, 956; Menard, 
986; Montgomery, 996; Peoria, 
1022; Pike, 1032; Sangamon, 1068; 
Stephenson, 1095; Vermilion, 1109; 
Will, 1 141; Winnebago, 1 152; 
.pijbl. biographical collections of 



INDEX 



447 



county of: Bureau, 725; DeKalb, 
775; DeWitt, 782; Henry, 846; 
Kane, 875; Livingston, 916; Mc- 
Lean, 942; Macon, 948; Marshall, 
973. Ogle, 1014; Putnam, 1039; 
Rock Island, 1052; Whiteside, 
1 1 32; Woodford, 1157. 

Clarke, Thomas C, Prairie state, 619. 

Clarkson, Matthew, p. 6; Diary west 
of the Alleghanies in 1766, 13. 

Clay County, atlas, 751; histories, 
752, 753. P- 272. n. I ; land in. 538; 
organization, p. 289; counties 
formed from: Jasper, p. 313; Rich- 
land, p. 356. 

Claypool, Lawrence W., 826. 

Clayton, E. S., 750a. 

Clement, A. C, Will County, 1141. 

Clinton, Thomas visits, 200. 

Clinton County, atlas, 755; bio- 
graphical collection, 756; history, 
754, p. 272, n. 1; organization, p. 
289. 

Clintonville, directory, 870. 

Coal fields, described by: Campbell, 
562; Foster, 566. See also Mineral 
resources. 

Cobb, Charles, American railway 
guide, 467. 

Cobbett, William, correspondence 
with Birkbeck, 112; Year's residence 
in the United States, 112; works 
discussed by: Flower, 140, 165; 
Melish, 149. 

Coburn, A. L. Wing, Genealogy and 
biography of McHenry County 
citizens, 935. 

Cochran, Dr., Lee County, 911. 

Cochrane, Joseph, Mason County, 
976, p. 262. 

Coflfeen, H. A., Vermilion County, 
1104. 

Coffin, Levi, Reminiscences, 182. 

Colby, Charles G., American s talis ti- 
. cal annual, 504; Diamond atlas, 

. •:574;. Handbook of Illinois, 540; 



Morse's General atlas of the world, 

574; World in miniature, 574. 
Coles, Edward, Communication to the 

Antiquarian and Historical Society 

of Illinois, 218. 
Coles County, atlas, 759 ; biographical 

collection, 758; histories, 757, 760; 

organization, p. 290; counties 

formed from: Cumberland, p. 293; 

Douglas, p. 295. 
Collection choise des voyages, Smith: 

Castelnau , Voyage dans I' A merique, 

321 ; Hall, Travels in America, 207; 

Levasseur, Lafayette en Amerique, 

193- 
Collection of British authors: TroUope, 

North America, 627. 
Collection vf modern and contemporary 

travels, Phillips: Ashe, Travels, 68; 

Perrin du Lac, Voyage, 61. 
Colleges, Hayward describes, 508. 

See also Education. 
Collins, William H., City of Quincy 

and Adams County, 705. 
CoUinsville, Gazetteer of Madison 

County describes, 957; Oliver visits, 

375- 
Collot, Georges Victor, p. .8; Voyage 
dans I' Amerique Septentrionale, 48. 

Collyer, Robert, Life of Augustus H. 

Conant, 256a; Works, 256a. 
Colton, Calvin, Americans, 204, 207; 

Manual for emigrants to America, 

239- 
Colton, George W., atlases, 558; 

guidebooks, 348, 468. 

Columbian Club of Lee County, 
Recollections of pioneers, 912, p. 270. 

Columbian traveller, Hay^vard, 242. 

Columbus, Roding, 196. 

Columbus (O.), Loomis visits, 194. 

Combination atlas map of county 
of: DeKalb, 771; DuPage, 789; 
Kane, 871; McHenry, 931; Ogle, 
loio; Stephenson, 1090; Will, 1135. 



448 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Combined history of Schuyler atid 
Brown counties, 716, 1072. 

Commerce, described by: Jennings, 
10; Wharton, i2;Clarkson, 13, 13a; 
Phyn, 16; Wilkins, 17a; Perrault, 
34; Shaw, 84; History of North 
America, 118; Hall, 229, 300, 434; 
Dearborn, 331; Remarks on the 
western states, 342; Allen, 414; City 
of Chicago, 429; Fisher & Colby, 
504; Gerhard, 556, 574; Homans, 
591 ; River Mississippi, 607; Smith 
& De Moulin, 616; Clarke, 619; 
TroUope, 627; Blair, 630. See also 
Canals, Fur trade. Internal im- 
provements. Railroads, Roads, 
Transportation. 

Commerce and navigation of the Mis- 
sissippi, Allen, 4I4. 

Commercial gazetteer of the Ohio 
River, Hawes, 623. 

Commercial statistics, Macgregor, 405. 

Communication to the Antiquarian 
a?id Historical Society of Illinois, 
Coles, 218. 

Communication transmitting the report 
of Israel D. Andrews, 488. 

Communications relative to the progress 
of Bible societies in the United 
States, 82. 

Comparative estimate of advantages of 
Pennsylvania, and of the western 
territory, Lorain, 147. 

Compendious and complete history of 

■ modern geography, Morse, 41. 

Compendious geographical dictionary, 
Brookes, 8. 

Complete American atlas, Carey & 
Lee, 178. 

Complete gazetteer of the United States, 
Haskel & Smith, 381. 

Comprehensive atlas, Bradford, 285. 

Comprehensive geography and history, 
Goodrich, 227. 

Conant, Augustus H., biography, 

■■■■■ 256a, p. 13. 



Concise account of North America^ 
Rogers, 3, p. 7. 

Concli7ts' New river guide, 1 79 ; Rouby 
copies, 608. 

Conder, Josiah, Dictionary of geog- 
raphy, 272; Modern traveller, 219; 
United States of America and 
Canada, 219. 

Confederation of the British North 
American provinces, Rawlings, 658. 

Congdon, G. E., DeKalb County, 777. 

Congress, resolution on centennial 
celebrations, pp. 261-262. 

Congressional documents: Andrews, 
Trade and commerce of the British 
North American colonies, 488; Bell, 
Mineral lands of the upper Missis- 
sippi, 369; Blair, Report of the 
committee on military affairs, 630; 
Casey, Report of the cofnmitlee on 
public lands, 298a; Graham & 
Philips, Illinois and Michigan 
canal, 142; Long, Extract from a 
report, 99 ; Message from the presi- 
dent transmitting the laws of the 
Indiana Territory, 1206; Nicollet, 
Report to illustrate a map of the 
upper Mississippi, 339; Owen, 
Report of a geological exploration, 
340. 

Conkey, William, Journey from Mas- 
sachusetts to Illinois, 220. 

Connected view of the internal naviga- 
tion of the United States, Armroyd, 
189. :.•":. 

Connecticut Missionary Society, 
work in Illinois, 82, p. 9. 

Conquest of the Northwest, Englisli, 
30,31. • ■ 

Constitution of Illinois, commerited 
on by; History of North America, 
118; Ernst, 138; Birkbeck, 173; 
Hall,-233. r ■ j 

Continental Historical Co., p. 264; 
publ. history of county of: Greene, 
622; Jersey, 863; McDonougb,.928. 



INDEX 



449 



f 
i 



Continental monthly: Kirkland, Great 

prairie state, 642. 
Cook County .biographical collection s, 

762, 763; directory, 544; histories, 

761, 764-766; organization, p. 291 ; 

counties formed from: DuPage, 

p. 296; McHenry, p. 330; Will, p. 

376. 
Cooke, Philip St. G., Scenes in the 

army, 240. 
Copper mines, expedition in search 

of, 25. 
Cornwallis, Kinahan, Panorama of the 

New World, 541; Royalty in the 

New World, 612. 
Cortambert, E., rev. Malte-Brun, 

Ceographie, 73. 
Cothran, George W., Revised statutes, 

1308. 
Coues, Elliot, ed., Pike, Expeditions, 

65. 
Coulterville, history, 1041. 
Council Bluff — St. Peter's military 

exploration, 160. 
Counties of Cumberland, Jasper, and 

Richland, 769, 858, 1045. 
Counties of Illinois, organization, p. 

275; described by: Emigrant's 

guide, 114; Beck, 180; Sommer, 

247; Rupp, 303; Dietrichsqn, 398; 

Norris & Gardiner, 422; Curtiss, 

473; Harris, 633; Illinois state 

gazetteer, 648. 
County histories, atlases, and bio- 
graphical collections, pp. 255-382; 

preparation of, pp. 256-274; value 

of, p. 257. 
County of Douglas, historical and 

biographical, 785. 
Courts, Thomas describes, 200. 
Cox, Francis A., Baptists in America, 

287. 
Coxe, Carolana, 21, 27, p. 7. 
Cramer, Zadok, Navigator, 59; copied 

by: Amphlett, 133; Ashe, 68; 
. Cumings, 179; Gilleland, 158. 



Crawford, trader in the Illinois, p. 5. 

Crawford County, biographical col- 
lection, 768; history, 767, p. 272, 
n. i; organization, p. 292; counties 
formed from: Clark, p. 288; Clay, 
p. 289; Effingham, p. 300; Fayette, 
P- 300; Jasper, p. 313; Lawrence, 

P- 324- 
Croghan, Col. George, Journal, i; 

letters, i, 9; visits the Illinois, 9, p. 

6. 
Crow Indians, Beckwourth chief of, 

156. 
Crutwell, Clement, New universal 

gazetteer, 54. 
Crystal Palace, Reynolds visits, 510. 
Cuba, map, 512; visited or described 

by: Tudor, 231; Ampere, 470; 

H. A. Murray, 496; A. M. Murray, 

549; Ashworth, 585. 
Cuba, United States, and Canada, 

Murray, 496. 
Cumberland County, history, 769, 

p. 272, n. I ; organization, p. 293. 
Cumberland (Cherokee) River , Hutch- 
ins describes, 14. 
Cuming, Fortesque, Tour to the 

western country, 71, p. 9. 
Cumings, Samuel, copies Cramer, 59; 

Western navigator, 179; Western 

pilot, 179. 
Cummings, JacobA., geographies, 85. 
Cunningham, Joseph O., Champaign 

County, 743; Early settlement of 

Champaign County, 738. 
Cunynghame, Arthur A. T., Glimpse 

at the great western republic, 460. 
Curtis, Russel H., Annotated statutes, 

1309. 
Curtiss, Daniel S., Deutschen Weg- 

weiser, 473; Western portraiture, 

473. P- 12. 

Cutler, Ephriam, biography, 77. 
Cutler, Jervis, Topographical descrip- 
tion, 77. 
Cutler, Julia P., Ephriam Cutler, 77. 



4SO 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Cyclopedia of commerce and commer- 
cial navigation, Homans, 591. 

Dakota, Andrews describes, 560. 

Dana, C. W., Garden of the world, 564; 
Great West, 564. 

Dana, Charles A., United States illus- 
trated, 518. 

Dana, Edmund, p. 12; Description of 
the bounty lands in Illinois, 135; 
Geographical sketches on the western 
country, 136; Principal roads of the 
United States, 135. 

Dane County, Christian County 
established as, p. 287. 

Danville, directory, 1104; visited 
or described by: Hubbard, 132; 
Illinois monthly magazine, 229; 
Chase, 295; Ellsworth, 324; Great 
Western railroad report, 506; Cof- 
feen, 1104. 

Darby, William, Emigrant's guide, 
113; New gazetteer of the United 
States, 258; rev. Brookes, Gazet- 
teer, 8; Universal gazetteer, 8; Uni- 
versal geographical dictionary, 8 
View of the United States, 205, 233 
works copied by: Arends, 266 
Valley of the Mississippi, 225. 

Darby, Manning &, Gazetteer of the 
United States, 379. 

Darstellung von Nordamerika, Page, 
162. 

D'Arusmont, Frances Wright, Views 
of society and manners, 137; ex- 
tract, 165. 

Daubeny, Charles G. B., Journal of a 
tour, 323. 

Davenport, Bishop, Gazetteer, 252. 

Davenport, H. A., rev. Guthrie, 
Geography, 22. 

Davenport (la.)i citizens appeal for 
national armory, 624. 

Davies, Benjamin, Geography, 67. 

Davis, George T. M., autobiography, 
255, p. 13. 



Davis, W. W., Trip from Pennsylva- 
nia to Illinois, 474. 
Davis, William H., Whiteside County, 

II33- 

Davison, Gideon M., Fashionable 
tour, 320; Traveller's guide, 320. 

Dayton (0.)i directory, 312. 

De la societi americaine, Martineau, 
302. 

Dearborn, Henry A. S., Letters, 331. 

De Bow, James D. B., Encyclopedia 
of trade and commerce, 490; In- 
dustrial resources, 490; Southern 
states, 490. 

De Bow's Review, basis for De Bow, 
Industrial resources, 490; contains: 
Great Lakes, 505; Peyton, Statis- 
tical view of Illinois, 525. 

Decatur, history, 948, 949. 

Decouverte des sources du Mississippi, 
Beltrami, 181. 

De Kalb County, atlases, 771, 774, 
776; biographical collections, 772, 
773. 775; directories, 544, 772; 
histories, 770, 777; organization, 

P- 293. 
De Moulin, Smith &, Illinois state 

business directory, 616. 
Dennie's Portfolio: Hall, Letters, 208. 
Description of Illinois, Hutchins, 14. 
Description of the bounty lands in 

Illinois, Dana, 135. 
Description of the British possessions 

in North America, Melish, 79. 
Description of the canals and railroads 

of the United States, Tanner, 279. 
Description of the military lands 

between the Mississippi and Illinois 

rivers, Van Zandt, 127. 
Description of the roads in the United 

States, Melish, 88. 
Descriptive accounts, Rogers, 3; 

Pittman, 6; Wharton & others, 12; 

Hutchins, 14; Mitchell, 15; Present 

state of the British empire, 17; Wil- 

kins, 17a; En tick, 20; Wynne, 21; 



INDEX 



451 



Invitation serieuse, 23; History of 
British dominions, 24; Nord- 
Amerika, 26; History of North 
America, 27; G. R. Clark, 29; 
Jeflferson, 32; Moser, 33; Bonnet, 
39; Imlay, 43; Winterbotham, 46; 
Volney, 49; Oliphant, 56; SchafiFer, 
58; Berquin-Duvallon, 60; Mem- 
oires stir la Louisiane, 62 ; Historical 
geographical, political, and natural 
history, 64; Mease, 69; Cutler, 77; 
Melish, 79, 87, 94; Stoddard, 80; 
Neuste Kunde, 91; Long, 99; Birk- 
beck, 105, 134, 173; Plolmes, 107; 
Bristed, iii; Cobbett, 112; Map 
of the bounty lands, 122 ; Rafinesque, 
125; VanZandt, i27;G6schen, 128; 
Edmund Dana, 135; Graham & 
Philips, 142; Grece, 143; Johnson, 
145; Kingdom, 146; Lorain, 147; 
Mackenzie, 148; Woods, 153; War- 
den, 154; Blowe, 157; Flower, 165; 
Bingley, 168; Roding, 187, 196; 
Armroyd, 189; Darby, 205; Judge 
James Hall, 208, 221, 229, 233, 300, 
434; Lips, 209; Murray, 214, 387; 
Redfield, 215; Coles, 218; Conder, 
219; Hinton, 222; Valley of the 
Mississippi, 225; Eggerling, 241; 
Sommer, 247; Bartlett, 257; Lowig, 
260; Rich, 262 ; Taylor, 264; Mitch- 
ell, 282; Beach, 292; Field, 296; 
Mellen, 297; Casey, 298a; Young, 
306; Bosche, 309; Illinois in 1837, 
313; Perkins, 315; Ellsworth, 324; 
Levinge, 328; Shepard, 330; Dear- 
born, 331; Gerstner, 336; Illinois 
as she is, 338; Nicollet, 339; Owen, 
340; Remarks on the western states, 
J42; Schmidt, 343; Chevalier, 351 ; 
Hadley, 352; Lanman, 353; Shep- 
ard & Shepherd, 354; James Hall, 
360; Hodge, 361; Illinois and its 
resources, 363; Life in the West, 
364; Thomas, 365; Bell, 369; Hali- 
burton, 380; Buttner, 392; Mann, 



396; Bradford, 400; Macgregor, 
405; Wyse, 409; Allen, 414; Great 
national thoroughfare, 419; Has- 
kins, 420; Loher, 421; Galena & 
Chicago Union railroad, 428; City 
of Chicago, 429; Descriptive pam- 
phlet of Smith's panorama, 430; 
Prout, 441; Sears, 443; Thiimmel, 
444; Weichardt, 446; Tarver, 448; 
Fisher, 458, 519; Drake, 461; 
Andree, 471, 600; Neal, 476; Ran- 
toul, 477; Wells, 481; Illinois Cen- 
tral railroad, 486, 559, 656; 
Geological survey, 487; Andrews, 
488; Beste, 489; De Bow, 490; 
Goodrich, 494; Vereinigten Staaten, 
499; Fisher & Colby, 504; Great 
Lakes, 505; Great Western rail- 
road, 506; Phelps, 509; Stewart, 
513; C. A. Dana, 518; Montague, 
522; Peyton, 525; Richards, 527; 
Central Illinois Farm, Coal and 
Lumber Co., 538; Illinois Land Co., 
545; Gerhard, 556; Cairo City 
Property, 561, 588; Campbell, 562; 
Shawneetown Coal-mining and 
Manufacturing Co., 563; Ferris, 
565; Foster, 566; Stales and terri- 
tories of our western empire, 582; 
Douglas, 589; Homans, 591; Illi- 
nois River railroad, 592; Kirkland, 
594, 642; The Northwest, 596; 
Caird, 602; New World in iS^Q, 
606; River Mississippi, 607; Ever- 
ett, 613; Smith & De Moulin, 616; 
Barber & Howe, 618; T. C. Clarke, 
619; National armory, 624; Annual 
encyclopedia, 629; Blair, 630; 
Illinois Southern railroad, 635; 
National almanac, 637; Douai, 641 ; 
Gloss, 647; Rawlings, 658; Van 
Tramp, 660. See also Biographies 
and recollections. Gazetteers, 
Geographies, Guides, Travels. 
Descriptive handbook of America, 
Bacon & Larkins, 652. 



452 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Descriptive pamphlet of Stnith's pano- 
rama of Mississippi River, 430. 

Desplaines River, portage, 80, 183; 
proposed canal via, 99; source, 390. 
See also Illinois-Michigan canal. 

Detroit (Mich.)i routes via, 25a, 
385, 584; visited or described by: 
Croghan, i; Schoolcraft, 164; 
Salzbacher, 373. 

Deutsch-amerikanische Geschichts- 
bldtter: Salzbacher, Im Jahre 1842 
von St. Louis nach Detroit, 373. 

Deutschen Wegweiser, Curtiss, 473. 

"Devil's bake-oven," Wells describes, 
481. 

De Witt County, atlases, 778, 781; 
biographical collections, 780, 782; 
histories, 779, 783; organization, 
p. 294; counties formed from: 
Logan, p. 327; Piatt, p. 351. 

Diatnond atlas, 574. 

Diary, Mrs. Geer, 417. 

Diary in America, Marryat, 329. 

Diary, North and South, Russell, 625. 

Diary of a journey from Netherlands 
to Pella, Iowa, Hospers, 451. 

Diary of one of the colonists of New 
Glarus, Duerst, 393 

Diary west of the Alleghanies, Clark- 
son, 13. 

Diccionario, Alcedo, 81. 

Diccionario geogrdfico universal, 
Malte-Brun, 73. 

Dicey, Edward, Six months in the 
federal states, 63 1 . 

Dickens, Alfred Tennyson, visits 
Illinois, 371. 

Dickens, Charles, American notes, 
371, p. 11; Pictures from Italy, 371. 

Dickinson, Rodolphus, Elements of 
geography, 83. 

Dickson, George K., Ne7v atlas of 
Madison County, 960. 

Dictionaire universal de commerce, 
Savary des Bruslons, 11. 



Dictionary, geographical, statistical, 
and historical, McCuUoch, 368. 

Dictionary of America and the West 
Indies, Thompson, 81. 

Dictionary of books relating to America, 
Sabin, 1403. 

Dictionary of geographical knowledge, 
462. 

Dictionary of geography, Johnston, 
469; Callicot copies, 502. 

Dictionary of geography, ancient and 
modern, Conder, 272. 

Dies Buch gehort dem deutschen Aus- 
wanderer, Schmidt, 512. 

Dietrichson, Johannes W. C, Reise, 
398, p. 12. 

Dillon, John B., Indiana, 1201-1206. 

Directories, Champaign County, 737 ; 
Illinois, 341, 522, 544, 590, 648; 
Jacksonville, 1061; Kane County, 
870; LaSalle County, 896; Logan 
County, 920; Missouri, 522; na- 
tional, 192, 567; railroad, 567, 575; 
Randolph County, 1041; Sanga- 
mon County, 1061; Springfield, 
1 06 1, 1064; steamboat, 547; west- 
ern, 133,312,422,547. 

Directory and guide to the United 
States, 432. 

Directory, business mirror, and histor- 
ical sketches of Randolph County 
1041,9.259. 

Diseases, cholera, 265; treatise, 461. 

Disturnell, John, American and Euro- 
pean railway and steamship guide, 
413; Great Lakes, 584; Railway, 
steamship, and telegraph book, 413; 
Tourist's guide, 654; Trip through 
the lakes, 584; Upper lakes, 584; 
Western traveller, 385. 

Dixon, Father, biography, 910. 

Dixon, history, 908, 910, pp. 261, 
267; visited or described by: 
Reminiscences of Wisconsin, 261 ; 
Trollope, 627. 



INDEX 



453 



Dixon telegraph, publ. Dixon and Lee 
County (1880), 910, p. 267. 

Dixon telegraph and herald, puhl. 
Dixon and Lee County (1870), 908, 
p. 261. 

Dixon's Ferry, Mrs. Kinzie crosses, 
230. 

Documents arid biography of Stark 
County, 1087, p. 270. 

Documents relating to the Illinois 
Central Rail-road Company, 476, 
477, 486. 

Documents relating to the occupation 
of the Illinois by the British, Carter, 
2. 

Domestic manners of Americans, 
Trollope, 204, 207; review, 231. 

Donnelley (Donnelley, Loyd, & Co., 
Donnelley, Loyd, Cassette, & Co.), 
p. 263; publ. history of county of: 
Greene, 821; Logan, 919; Morgan, 
1000. 

Douai, Adolph, La7id and Lenten in 
der Union, 641; Personen, Land, 
und Zustdnde in Nord-Amerika, 
641. 

Douglas, George B., Illustrirte Mis- 
sissippithal, 589; Valley of the 
Mississippi, 589. 

Douglas County, atlas, 784; bio- 
graphical collections, 785, 786, 787; 
histories, 784a, 785, 786; organiza- 
tion, p. 295. 

Drake, Daniel, Treatise on the 
diseases of the interior valley, 461. 

Draper, Lyman C, ed. Forinan, 
Narrative, 40. 

Duden, Gottfried, Bericht iiber eine 
Reise, 188; Nordamerikanische 
Demokratie, 188. 

Duerst. Mathias, Diary, 393. 

Duis, Dr. E., Good old times in Mc- 
Lean County, 938, p. 261. 

Dundee, directory, 870. 

Dunlieth, Andrews visits, 560. 

DuPage County, atlases, 789, 793; 



biographical collection, 792; direc- 
tory, 544; histories, 788, 790, 791, 
794; Kingman visits, 327; organiza- 
tion, p. 296. 

Duvergier de Hauranne, Ernest, 
Huit mois en Amerique, 646. 

D wight, Theodore, New gazetteer, 
258; Northern traveller, 280; West- 
ern traveller, 280. 

Dwight, visited by: Morgan, 614; 
Prince of Wales, 614, 617; Woods, 
617. 

Dyson, Howard F., Schuyler County, 

1073- 

Eames, Charles M., Historic Morgan 
and classic Jacksonville, looi, p. 
266. 

Early history of the pioneers of Cham- 
paign County, Mathews & McLean, 
740. 

Early history of the "Sangamon 
country," Henderson, 732, 999, 

1075- 

Early pioneers and pioneer events, 
Ross, 167. 

Early reminiscences, French, 425. 

Early times reminiscences, Thomas, 
200. 

Early western travels, Thwaites, 1405; 
Bradbury, Travels, 89; Croghan, 
Journal l; Cuming, Tour, 71; 
Evans, Tour, 115; Faux, Tour, 139; 
Flagg, Far West, 299; Flint, Letters, 
131; Flower, Letters from Illitiois, 
165; Flower, Letters from Lexington 
and the Illinois, 140; Hulme, 
Journal, 120; James, Account of 
expedition, 144; Maximilian, Reise, 
251; Michaux, Journal, 44; Nut- 
tall, Travels, 124a; Ogden, Letters, 
172; Welby, Visit, 150; Woods, 
Two years' residence, 153. 

Early Wisconsin, Fonda, 191. 

East St. Louis (lUinoistown), cut, 
365; visited or described by: 



454 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Thomas, 365; Dickens, 371; 
Reynolds, 510. 

Eastern and western stales of America, 
Buckingham, 350. 

Eby, Henry H., Observations of an 
Illinois boy, 620. 

Echoes from the backwoods, Levinge, 
328. 

Economic conditions, described by: 
Reasons for establishing a British 
colony, 12; Hutchins, 14; Invitation 
serieuse, 23; St. Clair, 42; Reynolds, 
57; David Thomas, 92; Melish, 94; 
Brown, 96; Birkbeck, 105; Ford- 
ham, 106; Emigrant's guide, 114; 
Flint, 131; Mackenzie, 148; John 
Woods, 153; Warden, 154; Blowe, 
157; Schmidt, 170; Schoolcraft, 
171; Bradford, 285; Beach, 292; 
James Hall, 300; Rupp, 303; Lan- 
man,353; Newhall,388; Macgregor, 
405; City of Chicago, 429; Fisher, 
458, 519; De Bow, 490; Hayward, 
508; Peyton, 525; Gerhard, 556; 
Ferris, 565; Illinois River railroad 
report, 592; Smith & De Moulin, 
616; Harris, 633; Illinois Southern 
railroad report, 635; Illinois state 
gazetteer, 648; Laugel, 649. See 
also Agriculture, Commerce, etc. 

Eco7iomical geology of Illinois, Worth- 
en, 487. 

Eddingstone, see Eidington. 

Eden, history, 1041. 

Eden, Cairo caricatured as, 371. 

"Edensburgh" (111.), 344. 

Eder, Wilhelm, Handbuch der allge- 
meinen Erdkunde, 632. 

Edgar County, atlases, 795, 797, 799; 
histories, 796, 798; organization, 
p. 298; counties formed from: 
Coles, p. 270; Putnam, p. 354 ; Ver- 
milion, p. 369. 

Editor's message. Hall, 229. 

Education, described by: Hollister, 
175; American atlas, 178; Flint, 



211; Valley of the Mississippi, 225 ; 

Hall, 229; Stone, 232; Jacobs, 259; 

Bradford, 285; Rupp, 303; Jones, 

326; Mitchell, 332; Grund, 372; 

Macgregor, 405; Fisher, 458, 519; 

Ampere, 470; Fisher & Colby, 504; 

Hayward, 508; Northwest, 596; 

Mrs. Kirkland, 642; Illinois gazet- 
teer, 648. 
Edwards, Ninian, Account of routes 

from Mackinaw to St. Louis, 78; 

biography, 78. 
Edwards, Ninian W., History of Illi- 
nois and life of Ninian Edwards, 78. 
Edwards County, atlas, 802 ; histories 

800, 801, p. 272, n. i; organization, 

p. 299; counties formed from: 

Crawford, p. 292; Jefiferson, p. 313; 

Lawrence, p. 324; Wabash, p. 371; 

Wayne, p. 373. See also English 

settlement. 
Edwardsville, history, 957; visited 

or described by: Ernst, 138; 

Thomas, 200; Stuart, 224; Jacobs, 

259; Bromme, 271; Clark, 294; 

Flagg, 299, 
EfHngham County, biographical col- 
lection, 804; history, 803, p. 272, 

n. I ; organization, p. 300. 
Eggerling, H. W. E., Beschreibung der 

Vereinigteti Staaten, 241. 
"Egypt, " social conditions in, p. 262. 
Eidington, Lieut. James, p. 6; Letter 

from Fort de Chartres, 2. 
Eight months in Illinois, Oliver, 375. 
1820 journal of Stephen W. Kearny, 

160. 
Einige AnweisungenfUr Auswanderer, 

Rauschenbusch, 406. 
Einige Worte fiir Auswanderungs- 

lustige, 431, 
Elements of geography, Dickinson, 

83; Morse, 35; Worcester, 185. 
Elgin, directory, 870. 
Ellet, Mrs. Elizabeth F. L., Rambles 

in the West, 491. 



INDEX 



455 



Ellicott, Andrew, Journal, 50, p. 8. 
Ellsworth, H. L., letter on cultivating 

prairies, 313, 326. 
Ellsworth, Henry W., Valley 0} the 

upper Wabash, 324. 
Ellsworth, Spencer, Records of the 

olden time, counties of Putnam and 

Marshall, 971, 1037, p. 266. 
Elwood, James G., Will County, 1141. 
Elyria, Loomis visits, 194. 
Emigrant guides, American: Harding, 

129; Dana, 136; Lorain, 147; 

Wright, 151; Hall, 228; Illinois in 

1S37, 313; Jones, 326; Rantoul, 

477; Gregory, 543; 

British: Holmes, 107; History of 

North America, 118; Knight, 121; 

Birkbeck, 134; Grece, 143; King- 
dom, 146; Mackenzie, 148; Melish, 

149; Howitt, 152; Blowe, 157; 

Richard Flower, 165; Shirreff, 263; 

Remarks on the western states, 342; 

George Flower, 359; Oliver, 375; 

Regan, 376; Newhall, 388; Wyse, 

409; Caird, 602; 

Dutch: Wegwijzer, 408; 
German: Duden, 188; Brauns, 

201, 416; Eggerling, 241 ; Lowig, 260; 

Bromme, 271, 357; Naumann, 346; 

Rauschenbusch, 406; Behr, 415; 

Einige Worte, 431; Schmolder, 443; 

Menzel, 457; Koch, 463; Ross, 

479; Kohler, 495; Vereinigten Staa- 

ten, 499; Douai, 641; Gloss, 647; 
Scandinavian: Rynning, 316; 

Unonius, 367; Reierson, 383; Fred- 

rika Bremer, 459. 
Emigrants' best instructor, Knight, 

121. 
Emigrants' directory, Amphlett, 133; 

Brown, 96. 
Emigrants' jive years in America, 

Hancock, 533. 
Emigrant's guide, 114; Bache, 249; 

Curtiss, 473; Darby, 113; Hol- 

ditch, 119; Regan, 376; Steele, 253. 



Emigrant' s handbook, ^Z2;Sm.ith, 412. 

Emigrant' s location. Smith, 455. 

Emigration, see Emigrant guides. 
Immigration. 

Encyclopcedia Americana, Rich copies, 
262. 

Encyclopedia of geography, Murray, 
283. 

Encyclopedia of trade and commerce, 
De Bow, 490. 

English, William H., Conquest of the 
Northwest, 30, 31. 

English party's excursion to Paris; a 
trip to America, 206. 

English settlement (Edwards Coun- 
ty), history, 800; literature, p. 13; 
plans, 95; visited or discussed by: 
Birkbeck, 105, 134; Fordham, 106; 
Holmes, 107; Cobbett, 112; Harris, 
117; Hulme, 120; Van Zandt, 127; 
Fanny Wright, 137; Ernst, 138; 
Faux, 139; Richard Flower, 140, 
165; Grece, 143; Johnson, 145; 
Melish, 149; Welby, 150; Woods, 
153; Hodgson, 159; Blane, 174; 
Hoby, 288; George Flower, 359, 
800. See also, Albion; Birkbeck, 
Morris. 

English settlement in Edwards County, 
Flower, 134, 800. 

English settlement in the Illinois, 
Sparks: Birkbeck, Supplementary 
letter — address — reply to Cobbett, 
134; Flower, Letters from Illinois, 
165; Flower, Letters from Lexington 
and the Illinois, 140. 

English sportsman in the western 
prairies, Berkeley, 601. 

Englishwoman in America, Bishop, 
517- 
s/ Ensign, D. W., & Co., publ. Atlas 
of Kane County, 874; publ. Plat 
book of De Kalb County, 774. 

! Ensign, Phelps &, Traveller's guide, 
347- 



4S6 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



N Ensign, Bridgman, & Fanning, 
guides, 572. 

Entick, John, Historical and geo- 
graphical description of the British 
empire, 20; Present state of the 
British empire, 20, p. 7. 

Ernst, Fredinand, Bemerkungen auf 
einer Reise, 138, p. 11. 

Errors of emigrants. Flower, 359, p. 12. 

Erwin, Milo, Williamson County, 
1143, p. 262. 

Eskimos, diseases, 461. 

^tats-Unis de I'Amerique, Bonnet, 
39; Goodrich, 494. 

£,tats-Unis et le Mexique, Malte- 
Brun, 73. 

£.tats- Unis pendant le guerre, Laugel, 
649. 

Ethnographisches Archiv: Birkbeck, 
Letters, 105; Palmer, Travels in the 
United States, 102. 

Etnyre, Chas. D., & Co., assists in 
platting Ogle County, 1016. 

Evans, Estwick, Pedestrious tour, 
115; Ogden copies, 172. 

Evansville, history, 1041. 

Eve of the Revolution, Alvord & Car- 
ter: Butricke, Letters, 18; Hay, 
Road from Detroit to the Illinois, 
25a; Hutchins, Description of Illi- 
nois, 14; Invitation serieuse, 23; 
Morgan, Letters and journals, 13a. 

Everett, reviews Faux, Journal, 139. 

Everett, Dr. Oliver, Geology of the 
Rock River Valley, 613; Sketch of 
Dixon schools, 910. 

Everts, Baskin, & Stewart, p. 260; 
publ. atlasof county of: McHenry, 
931; Ogle, loio. 

Excursion through the slave states, 
Featherstonhaugh, 273. 

Excursion through the United States 
and Canada, Blane, 174. 

Expeditions of Pike, Coues, 65. 

Exploratory travels. Pike, 65. 

Extract from a report. Long, 99. 



Extract of a letter, Wilkins, 17a. 
Extracts from a suppletnentary letter, 
Birkbeck, 134. 

Facts respecting Canada and the 
United States, Grece, 143. 

Fairmount, history, 1104. 

Falls of Saint Anthony, visited by: 
Long, 100; Forsyth, 141; Latrobe, 
250. 

Family magazine: Illinois, the geology 
and geoponicks of the state, 338. 

Family tourist, Goodrich, 433. 

Fanning, Ensign, Bridgman, &, 
guides, 572. 

Fanning's Illustrated gazetteer of 
United States, 503. 

Far West, Flagg, 299; Mitchell, 313. 

Farmar, Maj. Robert, p. 6; letters 
from the Illinois, 5. 

Farming, see Agriculture. 

Farnham, Eliza W., Life in prairie 
land, 356. 

Fashionable tour, Davison, 320. 

Fauna, described by: History of 
North America, 118; Clarke, 619. 

Faux, William, p. 11; bias of, 117; 
Memorable days in America, 139. 

Fay, H. W., De Kalb County, 777. 

Fayette County, atlas, 806; histories, 
805, 807, p. 272, n. i; organization, 
p. 300; counties formed from: Clay, 
p. 289; Clinton, p. 289; Effingham, 
p. 300; Marion, p. 338; Mont- 
gomery, p. 344; Shelby, p. 364; 
Tazewell, p. 367. 

Fearon, Henry B., p. lO; bias of, 117; 
Sketches of America, 98; copied 
by Kingdom, 146. 

Featherstonhaugh, George W., p. 12; 
Excursion through the slave states, 
273; Voyage up the Minnay Sotor, 

293- 
Penning, Daniel, New System of 

geography, 7. 

Fergus historical series: Hoffman, 



INDEX 



457 



Winter in the West, 274; Martineau, 

Chicago in i8j6, 302. 
Ferguson, William, America by river 

and rail, 542. 
Fergusson, James, Tour in North 

America, 621. 
Ferri-Pisani, Camille, Lettres sur les 

£,tats-Unis, 622. 
Ferris, Jacob, States and territories of 

the great West, 565. 
Ferriss, James H., Will County, 1141. 
Fever River, lead mines, 84, 177; 

visited or described by: Shaw, 84; 

Meeker, 177; Seymour, 454. See 

also Galena. 
Few months in America, Robertson, 

528. 
Field, A. D., Illinois and its mam- 
moth city, 296. 
Field Publishing Co., p. 269; publ. 

Plat book of Sangamon Comity, 

1067. 
Fifteen years ago, Woodruff, 1137. 
Financial conditions, discussed by: 

Mann, 396; Fisher and Colby, 504; 

Peyton, 525; Gerhard, 556. See 

also Economic conditions. 
Findlay, A. G., rev. Brookes, Gazet- 
teer, 8. 
First impressions of the New World, 

Trotter, 597. 
First lessotis in geography, Cum- 

mings, 85. 

Fisher, George, & Co., publ. Bio- 
graphical directory of Kendall 
Cou7ity, 881, p. 263. 

Fisher, Richard S., American rail- 
way guide, 467; American statisti- 
cal anyiual, 504; Atlas of America, 
558; Atlas of the world, 558; Book 
of the world, 458 ; Colton's Traveler 
and tourist's guide-book, 468; Gazet- 
teer of the United States, 492; 
General atlas, 558; Progress of the 
republic, 519; Progress of the United 



States, 519; Western tourist and 

emigrant's guide, 348. 
Flagg, Edmund T., Far West, 299; 

Dana reprints extracts, 518. 
Flagg, Gershom, Pioneer letters, 109. 
Flagg, N. G., Madison County, 963. 
Fleming, Robert K., publ. Kinney, 

Answer to Dickens' American notes, 

371. 
Flint, James, Letters from America, 

131- 

Flint, Timothj% pp. 10, 12; Con- 
densed geography and history of the 
western states, 211; History and 
geography of the Mississippi Valley, 
211; Recollections, 93; Western 
monthly review, 211; works copied 
by: Arends, 266; Cuming, 179; 
Valley of the Mississippi, 225. 

Flom, G. T., History of Norwegian 
emigratioti, 316. 

Flora, Clarke describes, 619. 

Florence, history, 1041. 

Florida, visited or described by: 
Mitchell, 15; Berquin-Duvallon, 
60; Castelnau, 321. 

Flower, Benjamin, preface and notes 
by, 165. 

Flower, George, 140, p. 13; English 
settlement, 800, p. 274; Errors of 
emigrants, 359, p. 12. 

Flower, Richard, Letters from the 
Illinois, 137, 165; Letters from 
Lexington and the Illinois, 140, 165; 
Smith copies, 455. 

Fonda, John H., Early Wisconsin, 
191. 

Ford, Henry A., History of Putnam, 
and Marshall counties; formation 
of Bureau and Stark counties, 719. 
969, 1036, 1084, p. 258. 

Ford County, atlases, 808, 810; 
biographical collection, 809; his- 
tory, 811; organization, p. 301. 

Fordham, Elias P., Narrative, lo6, 
p. 10. 



4S8 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Forman, Samuel S., Journey down 
the Ohio and Mississippi, 40. 

Forsyth, Thomas, Voyage from St. 
Louis to the Falls of St. A nthony, 141. 

Fort Armstrong, appeal for national 
armory at, 624; Kearny visits, 160; 
Long describes, 100; Marston com- 
mands, 161. 

Fort de Chartres, abandonment, 14; 
cut, 365; letters from, of: Croghan, 
9, Eidington, 2; 

visited or described by: Sterling, 
4; Jennings, 10; Wilkins, 17a; But- 
ricke, 18; Taylor, 19; Clark, 29; 
Schultz, 70; Thomas, 365. 

Fort Edwards, visited or described 
by: Long, 100; Kearny, 160; Mc- 
Kenney, 203. 

Fort Massac, visited or described by: 
Forman, 40; Michaux, 44; EUicott, 
50; Baily, 52; Perrin du Lac, 61; 
Buechler, 97; Nuttall, 124a. 

Fort Miami, road via, 25a. 

Fort Pitt, visited or described by: 
Eidington, 2; Sterling, 4; Jennings, 
10; Hutchins, 14. See also Pitts- 
burgh. 

Fort Winnebago (Portage, Wis.), 
Mrs. Kinzie at, 230. 

Forty years ago, Woodruff, 1136. 

Forty years of pioneer life; memoir of 
John Mason Peck, Babcock, no. 

Foster, John W., Report upon mineral 
resources of Illinois Central rail- 
road, 566. 

Foster, Lillian, Wayside glimpses, 

534- 
Fourteen years in the interior of 

North America, 235. 
Fo.x, Charles J., History of North 

America dedicated to, 64. 
Fo.x, John S., ed. Perrault, Narrative, 

34- 
Fox Indians, Marston's account of, 

161. 
France, cedes Illinois to Great Brit- 



ain, p. 5; commerce with Louisi- 
ana, 62. 

Franklin (Pa.), Loomis visits, 194. 

Franklin County, history, 812, p. 272, 
n. I ; organization, p. 302; William- 
son County formed from, p. 378. 

Franzen, George H., Livingston Coun- 
ty, 917. 

Eraser, Lieut. Alexander, p. 6; Re- 
port, 5a. 

Freeman, James, Remarks on the 
American universal geography, 41. 

Freeman's Laws, 1204. 

Freeport, visited or described by: 
Duerst, 393; Greenough, 394; 
Mattson, 500; Bosshard, 516. 

Fremont, Col. J. C, contributes to 
Garden of the world, 564. 

French, A. W., Reminiscences, 425. 

French settlements, described by: 
Croghan, i; Eidington, 2; Sterling, 
4; Farmar, 5; Eraser, 5a; Pittman, 
6; Gordon, 9; Jennings, 10; Mor- 
gan, 13a; Phyn, 16; Wilkins, 
17a; Invitation serieuse, 23; Bow- 
man, 30; Clark, 31; Harmar, 37; 
St. Clair, 42; Michaux, 44; Vol- 
ney, 49; Austin, 51; Hall, 233; 
Flagg, 299. 

French village. Hall, 179. 

Freystaaten von Nordamerica, Lowig, 
260. 

Froebel, Julius, A travers I'Amerique, 
493; Aus Amerika, 493; Seven 
years' travel, 493. 

From the Atlantic to the Pacific, 
Barnes, 653. 

Fuller, Margaret, p. 11; At home and 
abroad, 378; reputed author, 287; 
Summer on the lakes, 378; Things 
and thoughts in A merica and Europe, 

378. 
Fulton County, atlases, 815, 818; 
biographical collection, 814; his- 
tories, 813, 816, 817; organization, 
p. 302; Regan locates in, 376; Ross 



V 



INDEX 



459 



locates in, 167; counties formed 
from: Henry, p. 309; Knox, p. 
318; Peoria, p. 349; Schuyler, p. 
362. 

Ful wider, Addison L., Stephenson 
County, 1095. 

Fur trade, described by: Eidington, 
2; Fraser, 5a; Phyn, 16; WHkins, 
17a; Perrin du Lac, 61, Melish, 79; 
operations: Goidon, 9; Jennings, 
10; Wharton & others, 12; Clark- 
son, 13; Morgan, 13a; Perrault, 
34; Hubbard, 132. See also Com- 
merce. 

G., G. A., Nachrichten und Erfahr- 
ungen, 72. 

Gage, Gen. Thomas, Sterling's letters 
to, 4. 

Gale, George C, Knox County, 886, 
p. 271. 

Gale, W. Selden, Knox County, 886, 
p. 271. 

Galena, cut, 526, mines, 340, 369, 
routes \da, 445; visited or de- 
scribed by: Parkinson, 108; Meek- 
er, 177; Martin, 210; McKenney, 
203; Whittlesey, 248; Latrobe, 
250; Hoffman, 274; Murray, 290; 
Featherstonhaugh, 293 ; Rupp, 303 ; 
Catherine Stewart, 30S ; Smith, 317; 
Owen, 340; Bell, 369; Duerst, 393; 
Greenough, 394; Macgregor, 405; 
Ziegler, 410; Descriptive pamphlet, 
430; Goodrich, 433; O'Donovan, 
436; Peyton, 438; Seymour, 454; 
Fredrika Bremer, 459; Koch, 
463; Sullivan, 465; Thompson, 
473; Wells, 481; Sketches of the 
Upper Mississippi, 498; Mattson, 
500; Phelps, 509; Wagner, 514; 
Lange, 521; Russell, 531; Kohl, 
546; States and territories of our 
westerji empire, 582; Douglas, 589; 
United States and Canada, 599; 
Duvergier de Hauranne, 646. See 



also Fever River, Mineral re- 
sources. 

Galena & Chicago Union railroad, 
560; survey of route, 428. 

Gale's Statutes, 1301. 

Galesburg, visited or described by: 
Mrs. Geer, 417; Mattson, 500; 
Capellini, 640. 

Gallatin County, history, 819; or- 
ganization, p. 304; counties formed 
from: Edwards, p. 299; Franklin, 
p. 302; Hardin, p. 308; Pope, p. 
353; Saline, p. 359; White, p. 374. 

Garden of the world, Dana, 564. 

Gardiner, Norris &, Illinois annual 
register, 422. 

Gardner, E. A., Ford Cotmly, 8ri. 

Garrison, George P., ed. Austin, 
Journey, 51. 

Gaston, Morse &, map of America, 
580. 

Gazetteer of Illinois, Peck, 278, 341; 
copied by: Bradford, 285; Mitchell, 
313; Rupp, 303. 

Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri, 
Beck, 180, p. 12. 

Gazetteer of McLean County, Bailey 
& Hair, 936. 

Gazetteer of Afadison County, Hair, 

957- 
Gazetteer of the United States, Bald- 
win & Thomas, 501; Fisher, 492; 

Hay ward, 508; Manning & Darby, 

379; Worcester, 104. 
Gazetteer of the world, 462. 
Gazetteer of towns on the western 

waters, Cumings, 179. 
Gazetteers, America: North America 

and West Indian, 28; Morse, 53; 

Thompson, 81; Davenport, 252; 
lUinois: Beck, 180; Peck, 278; 

Hall, 544; Hawes, 590; Bailey, 648; 
McLean County, Bailey & Hair, 

936; Madison County, Hair, 957; 

Missouri, Beck, 180; Ohio River, 

Hawes, 623; 



46o 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



United States: Scott, 45; Wor- 
cester, 104; Darby & D wight, 258; 
Mitchell, 282; Chapin, 322; Man- 
ning & Darby, 379; Haskel & 
Smith, 381 ; Fisher, 492; Baldwin & 
Thomas, 501; Fanning, 503; Hay- 
ward, 508. 

West: Brown, 96; Cumings, 179; 
Horner, 520; 

West Indies: North America and 
West Indian, 28; Thompson, 81; 
Davenport, 252; 

world : Brookes, 8 ; Darby, 8 ; Pos- 
tlethwayt, 11; Crutwell, 54; Scott, 
55; Modern geography and gazet- 
teer, 75; Worcester, 104; Conder, 
272; Mitchell, 332; McCuUoch, 
368; Baldwin, 399; Gazetteer of the 
world, 462 ; Johnston, 469; Callicot, 
502; Blackie, 537; Smith, 552; 
Wright, 639. See also Geog- 
raphies, Guides. 

Geer, Mrs. Elizabeth D. S., Diary, 
417. 

Geleitsmann, Der, Ziegler, 571. 

Gelone, Fernagus de. Manual-guide 
aicx £tats-Unis, 116. 

Gemalde von Nord-Amerika, Bromme, 

319- 
Genealogical and biographical record 

of Cook County, 762. 
Genealogical and biographical record 

of Kendall and Will counties, 

882a, 1140a. 
Genealogy and biography of McHenry 

County citizens, 935. 
General atlas, Colton's, Fisher, 558. 
General description of the world, Fen- 

ning, 7. 
General gazetteer, Brookes, 8. 
General history of the British Empire 

in America, Wynne, 21. 
General view of the United States, 

Mitchell, 282; Rich, 262. 
Geneva, Conant resides in, 256a; 

directory, 870. 



Geographical and historical dictionary 
of America, Thompson, 81. 

Geographical catechism of Penn- 
sylvania and the western states, 
Rupp, 303. 

Geographical, commercial, and agri- 
cultural view of the United States, 
Blowe, 157. 

Geographical description of the United 
States, Mdtsh, 87, 94. 

Geographical description of the world, 
Melish, 123. 

Geographical dictionary, Worcester, 
104. 

Geographical dictionary of North 
America and the West Indies, 
Davenport, 252. 

Geographical dictionary of the United 
States, Scott, 45. 

Geographical handbook, Harris, 633. 

Geographical, historical, commercial, 
and agricultural view of the United 
States, Blowe, 157. 

Geographical intelligence, Melish, 79. 

Geographical narrative of the Ameri- 
can continerit, 63. 

Geographical sketches on the western 
country, Dana, 136. 

Geographical view of United States, 
202. 

Geographies, America: Morse, 41; 
Carey, 47; Geographical narrative, 
63; History of North America, 118; 
Complete American atlas, 178; 
Schlieben, 223; Bromme, 319; 
Long, 366; Lange, 521 ; Rapp, 526; 
Wappaus, 555; Manual of Amer- 
ican geography, 580; Bruckner, 
586; 

United States: Geographical view, 
202; Hildreth, 226; Hay ward, 242; 
Murphy, 650; 

West : Flint, 211; Complete Ameri- 
can atlas, 178; Long, 366; 

world: Fenning, 7; Guthrie, 22; J. 
Morse, 35; System of geography, 66; 



INDEX 



461 



Davies, 67; Malte-Brun, 73; 
Modern geography, 75; Moore, 76; 
Dickinson, 83; Cummings, 85; 
Melish, 123; S. E. Morse, 176; 
Worcester, 185; Olney, 212; Good- 
rich, 227, 256; Bell, 254; Balbi, 
269; Murray, 283; Bradford, 285; 
Tomlins, 291; Mitchell, 332, 349; 
Berghaus, 384; Prescott, 497; 
Savage, 511; Stein, 555; Fisher, 
558; Maunder & Hughes, 569; 
Colby, 574; Sanchez de Busta- 
mante, 576; Eder, 632; Harris, 
633; Kloeden, 636. See also De- 
scriptive accounts, Gazetteers, 
Guides. 

Geographische Wanderung, Andree, 
600. 

Geography and history 0} the western 
states, Flint, 211; copied by Cum- 
ings, 179. 

Geography, history, and statistics of 
America and the West Indies, 178. 

Geography made easy, Morse, 35, p. 
8. 

Geography of America and the West 
Indies, Long, 366. 

Geography of the states and territories 
west and south of the Allegheny 
Motmtains, Gilleland, 158. 

Geological account of the United 
States, INIease, 69. 

Geological descriptions, Mease, 69; 
James, 144; Schoolcraft, 171 ; Judge 
James Hall, 221 ; Shepard, 330; Illi- 
nois, geology and geoponicks, 338; 
Nicollet, 339 ; Owen, 340, 563 ; Shep- 
ard & Shepherd, 354; James Hall, 
360; Hodge, 361; Bell, 369; Lan- 
man, 402; Prout, 441; Fisher, 458; 
Koch, 463; Geological survey, 487; 
Gerhard, 556; Shawneetown Coal- 
mining and Manufacturing Co., 
563; Foster, 566; Everett, 613; 
Campbell, 645. See also Mineral 
resources. 



Geological survey of Illinois, Worthen, 

487. 
Geology of Illinois, Hall, 221. 
Geology of the Rock River Valley, 

Everett, 613. 
Geology of upper Illinois, Shepard, 

330. 
George Rogers Clark papers, James: 

Bowman, letters and journal, 30; 

Clark, Letter to Henry, 29; Clark, 

Accounts of his expedition, 31. 
Georgetown, history, 1104. 
Georgia, Stirling compares Illinois 

and, 570. 
Gerhard, Frederick, Illinois as it is, 

556, p. 12. 
Germans in America, Koerner leader 

of, p. 13; discussed by: Naumann, 

346; Loher, 421; Einige Worte, 

431; Quentin, 464; Andree, 471; 

Busch, 482; Jorg, 483. See also 

Emigrant guides; Immigration; 

Travels, German. 
Gerstacker, Friedrich, Gcsammelte 

schriften, 311; Sireif-und Jagdziige 

durch die Vereinigten Staaten, 311; 

Wild sports in the far West, 311. 
Gerstner, Clara von, Beschreibung 

einer Reise, 335. 
Gerstner, Franz A. von, 335; Innern 

Communicationen der Vereinigten 

Staaten, 336. 
Cesammelte Schriften, Bremer, 459; 

Gerstacker, 311. 

Geschichte und Zustdnde der Deutsch- 
en in A merika, Lohcr, 42 1 . 

Gevcrs Deynoot, W. T., Aanleek- 
euingen op eene Reis door de 
Vereenigdc Staten, 603. 

Gifford, reviews Faux, Memorable 
days, 139. 

Gilchrist, Gen. Chas. A., plats Han- 
cock County, 832. 

Gilleland, J. C, Ohio and Missis- 
sippi pilot, 59, 158. 



462 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Oilman, Chandler R., Life on the 

lakes, 287. 
Glance at Illinois, Campbell, 562, p. 

12. 
Gleanings by the way, Clark, 310. 
Glimpse at the great western republic, 

Cunynghame, 460. 
Globe Publishing Co., p. 266; publ. 

history of county of: Claj', 752; 

Jefferson, 859; Wayne, 1124. 
Gloss, Albert von, Leben in den 

Vereinigten Staaten, 647. 
Gorling, Adolph, Neue Welt, 418. 
Goschen, Georg J., Amerika, eine 

Zeitschrift, 128. 
Going West in 1820, Richardson, 163. 
Golconda, Koch visits, 391. 
Goldsmith, J., reputed author, 17. 
Good old times in McLean County, 

Duis, 938, p. 261. 
Goodrich, Charles A., Family tourist, 

433; Land we live in, 433; Travels, 

433- 
Goodrich, Samuel G., Comprehensive 

geography, and history, 237; £.tats 

Unis d'Amerique, 494 ; Geographical 

view, 202; National geography for 

schools, 227; Pictorial geography of 

the world, 256; Supplement for 1841 

and 1842, 256; System of school 

geography, 227; System of universal 

geography, 256; World as it is, 227; 

works copied by Tomlins, 291. 

Goodspeed, Weston A., p. 273; Cook 
County, 766. 

Goodspeed Historical Association, 
publ. Cook County, 766. 

Goodspeed Pablishing Co., p. 266; 
publ. History of Gallatin, Saline, 
Hamilton, Franklin, and William- 
son counties, 812, 819, 830, 1059, 
1 144. 

Gordon, Eleanor Kinzie, ed. Kinzie, 
Waubun, 230. 

Gordon, Capt. Harry, p. 6; Journal 
9, 28a. 



Gordon, James W., Henderson Coun- 
ty, 842. 

Government (111.), described by: 
Bromme, 271 ; Bradford, 285 ; Rupp, 
303; Mann, 396; Emigrant's hand- 
book, 432; Fisher, 458, 519; Fisher 
& Colby, 504; Colby, 540; Gerhard, 
556; Harris, 633; Spence, 638. 

Graham, George, Long's report to, 99. 

Graham, Richard, Proposed Illinois 
and Michigan canal, 99, 142. 

Graham's American monthly: Pauld- 
ing, Illinois and the prairies, 437. 

Grand Tower, described by: Wells, 
48i;Flagg, 518. 

Great Britain, Illinois ceded to, p. 5. 

Great Britain and the Illinois country. 
Carter: Wharton & others. Reasons 
for establishing a British colony, I2. 

Great Lakes, Brown describes, 96; 
Disturnell's guides, 584; vSchool- 
craft's tour, 164; trade, 488, 505. 

Great Lakes, Disturnell, 584. 

Great Lakes, their cities and trade, 505. 

Great national thoroughfare, 419. 

Great prairie slate, Kirkland, 642. 

Great Salt Lake, Mormon colony, 

453- 

Great West, Dana, 564; Hall, 655. 

Great Western Railroad Co., prospec- 
tus, 419; Report, 506, 

Grece, Charles F., Facts respecting 
Canada, and the United States, 143. 

Greeley, Horace, p. 12; Journey from 
New York to San Francisco, 604. 

Green Bay (Wis.), Clark missionary 
at, 294; Mary Mitchell resides at, 
267. 

Greene County, atlases, 820, 823; 
histories, 821, 822, 824; organiza- 
tion, p. 304; Spencer resides in, 166; 
counties formed from: Jersey, p. 
313; Macoupin, p. 334; Morgan, p. 

345- 
Grecnough, William W., Tour to the 

I western country, 394. 



INDEX 



463 



Greenville, Oliver visits, 375. 
Gregg, Th., Hancock County, 833. 
Gregory, A. B., To all those emigrating 

7t;t5/, 543, p. 12. 
Greipel, E. W. von, trans. Malte- 

Bnin, Geographie, 73. 
Gresham, John, Douglas County, 

786, p. 273. 
Gridley, J. N., Historical sketches 

[Cass County], 736, p. 273. 
Griffing, B. N., p. 267; directs survey 

of county of: Clay, 751; Union, 

lioi; Wayne, 1123. 
Grigg, John, owner of Illinois land, 

313- 

Grimshaw, William A., Pike County, 

1029a. 
Grinton, William H., Will Coimty, 

1141. 
Griswold, J., James' Railroad and 

route book, 507. 
Gross, Eugene L., Index to lavjs of 

Illinois, 1305; Statutes of Illinois, 

1305. 
Gross, Lewis M., De Kalb County, 

777. 

Gross, William L., Index to laws of 
Illinois, 1305. 

Grund, Francis J., Handbuch und 
Wegweiser fiir Auswanderer, 372. 

Grundy County, atlases, 825, 829; 
biographical collection, 828; his- 
tories, 826, 827; Old Settlers' As- 
sociation, 826; organization, p. 

305. 

Guide americain, Rouby, 608. 

Guide des Etats-Unis, Zender, 598. 

Guide for emigrants, Peck, 236; 
copied by Bache, 249. 

Guide for travelers, Smith, 412. 

Guide through the United Stales, Tan- 
ner, 281. 

Guide to the Illinois Central railroad 
lands, 559. 

Guide to the states of California and 
Oregon, Hall, 655. 



Guides, America: Knight, 121; Hew- 
ett, 192; Brauns, 201; Colton, 239; 
Bromme, 319, 357; North American 
tourist. 345; Beyer, 411; Disturnell, 
413, Appleton, 427, 583; Williams, 
427, 485; Einige Worte, 431 ; Good- 
rich, 433 ; Information for emigrants, 
435; Progress of America, 440; 
Schmolder, 442; Smith, 455; Cobb, 
467; Fisher, 467; Kohler, 495; 
Schmidt, 512; Horner, 520; Low, 
575; Richards, 583; Rouby, 608; 
Bacon & Larkins, 652; 

Canada: Davison, 320; Appleton, 
577; Thomas, 577; Kendrick, 578 
Shippers' guide, 609; Spence, 638 

Illinois: Hall, 228; Peck, 341 
Colby, 540; Gregory, 543; 

Pennsylvania: Rupp, 303; 

United States: Nachrichten und 
Erfahrungen, 72; Melish, 88, 149; 
De Gelone, 116; Holditch, 119; 
Dana, 135; Tanner, 216, 279, 281; 
Dv/ight, 280; Mitchell, 2S4, 289; 
Bromme, 298; Davison, 320; 
Phelps & Ensign, 347; Grund, 372; 
Wiley & Putnam, 397; Smith, 412; 
Behr, 415; Appleton, 427; Williams 
427; Emigrants' handbook, 432; 
Pratt, 439; Warner, 445; Witlen- 
borger, 447; Colton, 468; Fisher, 
468; Bowen, 472; Ross, 479; 
Robinson, 529; Routledge, 530; 
Biichele, 539; Iloman, 567; Ziegler, 
571; Thomas, 577; Kendrick, 578; 
Zender, 598; Shippers' guide, 609; 
Spence, 638; Thurston, 651 ; 

West: Hay, 25a; Cramer, 59; Ed- 
wards, 78; Darby, 113; Phillips & 
Speer, 114; Miller, 124; Amphlett, 
i33;Edmund Dana, 136; Gilleland, 
1 58; Cumings, 179; Peck, 236; 
Bache, 249; Steele, 253; Rupp, 303; 
Phelps & Squire, 303a; Lyford, 
312; Smith, 348; Colton, 348; 
Fisher, 348; Flower, 359; Regan, 



464 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



376; Disturnell, 385, 584, 654; 

Newhall, 388; Wegwijzer, 408; 

Brauns, 416; Norris & Gardiner, 

422; Williams, 466; Appleton, 466; 

Curtiss, 473; Massey, 484; James, 

484, 507; Griswold, 507; Lloyd, 

547; True, 554; C. W. Dana, 564; 

Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning, 572; 

Hall, 573, 655. 
Guslav Korner; ein Lebensbild, Rat- 

terman, 270. 
Ciiter Rath fi'ir Auswanderer, Behr, 415. 
Guthrie, William, geographies, 22; 

copied by Tomlins, 291. 

"Habitant des Kaskaskia," signs 
Invitation serieuse, 23. 

Hadley, Williain H., American cit- 
izen's manual, 352. 

Hagnauer, Robert, New atlas of 
Madison County, 960. 

Haines, Elijah M., Lake County, 890, 
p. 258. 

Hair, publ. Gazetteer of Madison 
County, 957. 

Hair, Bailey &, Gazetteer of McLean 
County, 936. 

Haldimand, Gen., Eraser's report to, 
5a. 

Haliburton, Thomas C., Americans 
at home, 380. 

Hall, Almira, captured by Indians, 
244. 

Hall, Basil, Travels in North America, 
207. 

Hall, B. M., Rev. John Clark, 294. 

Hall, Edward H., ed. Appleton's 
guides, 583; Great West, 655; 
Guide to the states of California and 
Oregon, 655; Northern counties 
gazetteer and directory, 544; Rail- 
road, steamboat and stage guide, 
655 ; Traveller and emigrant's hand- 
hook, 573. 

Hall, Frances, captured by Indians, 
244. 



Hall, James, p. 11; biography, 208; 
Editor's message, 229; French 
village, 179; Geology of Illinois, 
221; Hints to emigrants, 228; Last 
of the boatmen, 179; Letters from 
the West, 20S; Notes upon the 
geology of the western states, 360; 
Notes on Illinois, 233; Notes on the 
western states, 300; Statistics of the 
West, 300, 434; West, its soil, sur- 
face, and productions, 300; West, 
its commerce and navigation, 434; 
Western souvenir, 179; v/orks 
copied by Arends, 266. 

Hall, Rachel, captured by Indians, 
244. 

Hall, Sylvia, captured by Indians, 
244. 

Halsey, John J., Lake County, 895, 

P- 273- 
Hamilton, B. B., Jersey County, 862. 
Hamilton, Henry E., Gurdon Salton- 

stall Hubbard, 132. 
Hamilton County, atlas, 831; his- 

torj^ 830, p. 272, n. i; organiza- 
tion, p. 306. 
Hammond Publishing Co., p. 269; 

publ. Plat book of Greene and Jersey 

counties, 823, 864. 
Hancock, William, Emigrants' jive 

years in America, 533. 
Hancock County, atlases, 832, 834, 

836; biographical collection, 835; 

history, 833; organization, p. 307. 
Hand-Bibliothek fiir Auswanderer, 

Bromme, 271. 
Handbook of Illinois, ColbJ^ 540. 
Hand-book of universal geography, 

Callicot, 502. 
Handhuch der allgemeinen Erdkunde, 

Edcr, 632. 
Handbuch der Geographie und Statis- 

tik von Nord-Amerika, Wappaus, 

555- 
Handbuch der Lander- und Staaten- 

kunde, Kloeden, 636. 



INDEX 



465 



Handbtich fiir die gehildeten Sldnde, 

Stein, 555. 
Handbuch und Wegweiser fiir Aus- 

■wanderer, Grund, 372. 
Hatid- und Reise-Buch, Bromme, 298, 

357- 
Hanna, Charles A., Wilderness trail, 

9- 

Haphazard personalities, Lanman, 

403- 

Hardin County, biographical collec- 
tion, 838; history, 837, p. 272, n. i ; 
organization, p. 308. 

Harding, Benjamin, Tour through 
the western country, 129; Ogden 
copies, 172. 

Harmar, Joseph, Letter to the secretary 
of war, 37, p. 7. 

Harnisch & Heinzlemann, Welt- 
kunde, 446. 

Harper's Magazine: Hayes, Metrop- 
olis of the prairies, 132; Sketches of 
the upper Mississippi, 498. 

Harper's Statistical gazetteer of the 
world, 552. 

Harrington, George B., Bureau Coun- 
ty, 726. 

Harris, Alexander, Geographical hand- 
book, 633. 

Harris, William Tell, Tour through 
the United States of America, 117. 

Harvard University, law catalogue, 
p. 386. 

Haskel, Daniel, Gazetteer of the United 
States, 381; rev. McCulloch, Dic- 
tionary, 368. 

Haskins, R. W., Valley of lakes, 420. 

Hasse, Adalaide R., Index of eco- 
nomic material in the documents 
of the states, p. 386. 

Hassel, G., Beschreibung, 178; copied 
by Tomlins, 291. 

"Haute Louisiane," 61, 62. 

Havana, described by: Illinois 
monthly magazine, 229; Illinois 
River railroad report, 592, 



Hawes, George W., Commercial gazet- 
teer of the Ohio River, 623; Illinois 
stale gazetteer and business directory, 

590. 
Hay, Jehu, Road from Detroit to the 

Illinois, 25a. 
Hayes, A. A., Jr., Metropolis of the 

prairies, 132. 
Hayward, John, Columbian traveller, 

242; Gazetteer of the United States, 

508; View of the United States, 242. 
Healy, Daniel D., Cook County, 766, 

P- 273- 
Hecke, J. Valentin, Reise durch die 

Vereitiigteti Staaten, 130. 

Heine, Marie, trans. Mackay, West- 
ern world, 426. 

Heinzlemann, Harnisch 8c,Weltkunde, 
446. 

Helms, publ. Plat book of Hancock 
County, 836. 

Hemmen i den nya verlden, Bremer, 

459- 
Henderson, John G., Early history of 

the "Sangamon Country," 732, 

999. 1075, p. 261. 

Henderson, Mrs. Kate, Will County, 
1141. 

Henderson Cotmty, atlas, 841 ; bio- 
graphical collection, 840; histories, 
839, 842; organization, p. 308. 

Hennepin, settlement near, 132. 

Henry, Patrick, biography, 31; 
Clark's letter to, 29. 

Henry, William W., Patrick Henry, 

31- 

Henry, Greenough visits, 394. 

Henry County, atlases, 843, 848; 
biographical collections, 845, 846; 
histories, 847; organization, p. 309; 
counties formed from: Jo Daviess, 
p. 314; Knox, p. 318; Whiteside, 
P- 375- 

Henshaw, David, Internal improve- 
ments and commerce of the West, 325. 



466 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Herve}', T., rev. Penning, Geography, 

7- 

Hesperos, Houstoun, 452. 
Heubner, O. L., trans. Mackay, West- 
ern world, 426. 
Hewett, D., American traveller, 192. 
Hewitt, Randall H., Across the plains, 

634. 
Heylin, Jesse, Fulton County, 817. 
Hicks, C, ed., Hutchins, Topograph- 
ical description, 14. 
Hicks, Rev. E. W., Kendall County, 

882, p. 266. 
High, James L., ed. Laws of Illinois, 

1869, 1268. 
Highland, history, 957; Jorg's letters 

from, 483. 
Hildreth. Hosea, View 0/ United 

States, 226. 
Hildreth, S. P., Pioneer history, i. 
Hill, H. H., Will County, 1138. 
Hill, H. H., & Co., p. 266; publ. 

history of county of: Henderson, 

839; Iroquois, 849; Lee, 911; 

Mercer, 987; Vermilion, 1106. 
Hinton, John R., History of the 

United States, 222. 
Hints to emigrants, Hall, 228; Lorain, 

147. 

Histoire des voies de communication 
aux £,tats Unis, Chevalier, 351. 

Histoire universelle des voyages: Trol- 
lope. Domestic manners, 204. 

Historic highways, Hulbert, 52. 

Historic Morgan and classic Jackson- 
ville, Eames, looi. 

Historic notes on the Northwest, Beck- 
with, p. 266. 

Historic sketch and biographical 
album of Shelby County , 10S2. 

Historical account of travels in North 
America, Murray, 214. 

Historical and biographical record of 
Douglas County, 786. 

Historical and geographical descrip- 
tion of the British empire, Entick, 20. 



Historical and statistical sketches of 
Lake County, 890, p. 258. 

Historical atlas of Ford County, 808. 

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, 
Bateman & Selby, 715, 731, 743, 
750a, 760, 764, 794, 798, 807, 817, 
842, 868, 877, 886, 893, 914, 917, 
930, 935. 943. 989, 1004, 1015, 
1021, 1058, 1069, 1073, 1083, 1099, 
1 1 18, p. 271. See also, Illinois 
historical. 

Historical, geographical, commercial, 
and philosophical view of the 
Utiited States, Winterbotham, 46. 

Historical, geographical, political, and 
natural history of North America, 
64. 

Historical magazine: Butricke, Affairs 
at Fort Chartres, 18. 

Historical oration [on Grundy County], 
Armstrong, 826. 

Historical review of Chicago and Cook 
County, Waterman, 765, p. 272. 

Historical sketch of county of: Cass, 
734; Jersey, 862; Scott, 1076; 
Stephenson, 109 1. 

Historical sketches of county of: Cass, 
736; Jackson, 855; Lake, 889, p. 
258. 

Historical souvenir of Williamson 
County, 1 145, p. 273. 

Historical, topographical, and de- 
scriptive view of the United States, 
Mackenzie, 148. 

History and geography of the Mis- 
sissippi Valley, Flint, 211. 

History and new gazetteer, Davenport, 
252. 

History and reminiscences of Schuyler 
County, 1 07 1. 

History of Cairo, Lansden, 371, 375, 
449, 460, 608. 

History of Chicago, Andreas, p. 267. 

History of Dixon and Lee County, 908, 
910, pp. 261, 267. 

History of Illinois, Edwards, 78. 



INDEX 



467 



History of Illinois counties, see name 

of county. 
History of Indiana, Dillon, 1201-1206. 
History of North America, 27, 118; 

Oliphant, 56. 
History of Norwegian immigration, 

Flom, 316. 
History of Plymouth plantations, 

Bradford, p. 259. 
History of Quincy, Tilson, 705. 
History of Rochford and Winnebago 

County, Church, 1151. 
History of southern Illinois, Smith, p. 

272, n. I, 
History of the British dominions in 

North Ainerica, 24. 
History of the English settlement in 

Edwards County, Flower, 800. 
History of the lead region of Wisconsin, 

Meeker, 177. 
History of the Scandinavians in the 

United States, Nelson, 316. 
History of the United States, Hinton, 

222. 
Hite, John, Bowman's letter to, 30. 
Hoby, James, Baptists in America, 

288. 
Hodder, Frank H., ed.: Audubon, 

Western journal, 449; Pittman, 

Mississippi settlements, 6. 
Hodge, James T., Wisconsin and 

Missouri lead region, 361. 
Hodgson, Adam, North America, 159. 
Hohne, Friedrich, Reise, 337. 
Hoerner, J. S., Madison County, 963. 

Hoffman, Charles F., Winter in the 
West, 274. 

Holditch, Robert, Emigrant's guide, 
119. 

Hollister, Edward, Remarks on Illi- 
nois and Missouri, 175. 

Holmes, Isaac, Accowit of the United 
States, 107. 

Homans, Benjamin, United States 
railroad directory, 567. 



Homans, Isaac S., Cyclopedia of com- 
merce a7id commercial navigation, 

591. 
Homes of the New World, Bremer, 459. 
Horner's American railroad and 

steamboat travelling guide, 520. 
Hoskins, Nathan, Notes upon the 

western country, 243. 
Hospers, John, Diary of a journey, 

451- 
Hostetter, Charles L., Carroll County, 

731- 
Houston, Sam, contributes to Garden 

of the world, 564. 
Houstoun, Mrs. Matilda C.,Hesperos, 

Travels in the West, 452. 
Howard, George W. F., p. 11; 

Travels in America, 362. 
Howe, Henry, All the western states 

and territories, 618; Our whole 

country, 618. 
Howitt, Emanuel, Letters written 

during a tour through the U. S., 

152. 

Hubbard, Gurdon S., biography, 132, 

P- 13- 

" Hubbard's TraU," 132. 

Hudson River, map, 439. 

Huebinger, M., Standard atlas of 
Peoria city and county, 1020. 

Hughes, William, Treasury of geog- 
raphy, 569. 

Huit mo is en Amerique, Hauranne, 
646. 

Hulbert, Archer B., Historic high- 
ways, 52. 

Hulme, Thomas, Journal, 120; dis- 
cussed by: Knight, 121, Melish,i49. 

Hunt's Merchants' magazine, see. 
Merchants' magazine. 

Huot, rev. Malte-Brun, Geographie, 

73- 
Hurd, Harvey B., Revised statutes, 

1307. 
Hutchins, Thomas, 14, p. 6; De- 
scription of the Illinois, 1770, 14; 



468 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Topographical description, 14, 25; 

Cramer copies, 59. 
Hyde, J. F., Logan County directory, 

920. 
Hyde Park {Mass.) historical record: 

Richardson, Going West in 1820, 

163. 

Icarian community, Bosshard de- 
scribes, 516. 
Ichthyologia Ohiensis, Rafinesque, 

125. 
Ideefi tiber die Auswanderung, Brauns, 

201. 
Illinois, cession to France, p. 5 ; maps 

referred to, 178, 189, 223, 249, 326, 

341, 511. See also Descriptive 

accounts, Gazetteers, Geographies, 

Guides. 
Illinois and its mammoth city, Field, 

296. 
Illinois and its resources, 363. 
Illinois and Missouri state directory, 

Montague, 522. 
Illinois and the prairies, Paulding, 

437- 

Illinois and the West, Jones, 326, p. 12. 

Illinois annual register, Norris & 
Gardiner, 422. 

Illinois as it is, Gerhard, 556, p. 12. 

Illinois bounty land register: Young, 
Military bounty lands, 306. 

Illinois Central railroad, Neal, 476. 

Illinois Central Railroad Co., 621, 
622; annual reports, 486; corre- 
spondence with Cairo City property , 
588; lands, 522a, 544a, 559, 562, 
587, 602, 656; memorial, 298a; 
mineral resources, 566; Neal's ac- 
count, 476; Pres. Schuyler, 477; 
proposed route, 298a, 544a; pros- 
pectus, 419. 

Illinois Central Rail-road Compajiy 
offers for sale, 559. 

Illinois Central railway, an historical 
sketch, 544a. 



Illinois-Chicago portage, 32, 142. 
See also Chicago River, Illinois- 
Michigan canal. 

Illinois College, described by: Valley 
of the Mississippi, 225; Turner, 
265; 

faculty members: Milligan, loor; 
Post, 268; Sturtevant, 217; Turner, 
265. 

Illinois fifty years ago, Bryant, 238. 

Illinois historical, Bateman & Selby, 
768, 787, 804, 907, 1 1 13. See also. 
Historical encyclopedia of Illinois. 

Illinois historical collections: Beck- 
with, 31; James, Clark papers, 31; 
Alvord & Carter : Eve of the Revolu- 
tion, 13a; Occupation and trade, 5; 
Trade and land speculation, 13a. 

Illinois in i8jy, Mitchell, 313, 326, p. 
12. 

Illinois in springtime, 594. 

Illinois Indians, Neuste Kunde on, 91. 

Illinois intelligencer: Coles, Cummuni- 
cation, 218. 

Illinois Land Company offers for sale, 
545. P- 12. 

Illinois legislative manual for i8y/ 
and 1878, 1064. 

Illinois-Michigan canal, packets on, 
467; route, 92, 99, 142, 289; de- 
scribed by: Field, 296; Haskins, 
420; Paulding, 437; Blair, 630. 
See also. Canals, Internal improve- 
ments, Chicago River, Illinois 
River. 

Illinois monthly magazine: Coles, 
Communication, 218; Hall: Editor's 
message, 229; Geology of Illinois, 
221; Hints to emigrants, 228; Notes 
on Illinois, 233. 

Illinois Natural History Society, 
Transactions: Everett, Geology of 
Rock River Valley, 613. 

Illinois River, map, 439; toured or 
described by: Hutchins, 14; Ken- 
nedy, 25; Hay, 25a; Nord-Amerika, 



INDEX 



469 



26; Scott, 45; Collot, 48; Cramer, 

59;Mease,69; Melish,79; Stoddard, 

80; Brown, 96; Long, 99; Childs, 

169; Schoolcraft, 171; Fonda, 191; 

Bryant, 238; Bell, 254; Flagg, 299; 

Logan, 301; Buckingham, 350; 

Raumer, 389; Greenough, 394; 

Paulding, 437; Drake, 461; Cur- 

tiss, 473; Kohler, 495. 
Illinois River Ta.i\Toa.d, Chief engineer's 

report, 592. 
Illinois; Skizze fiir Einwanderer , 

Bromme, 271. 
Illinois Southern railroad, Report 

of the directors, 635. 
Illinois state business directory, i860, 

Smith & De Moulin, 616. 
Illinois state gazetteer and business 

directory for 1858 and i8sQ, Hawes, 

590- 
Illinois state gazetteer for the years 

1864-5, 648. 

Illinois State Historical Library, 
Bulletin, 12 14; county histories in, 
p. 275: Illinois laws in, p. 385; 
Publications, 12 14. See also, 
Illinois historical collections. 

Illinois State Historical Society, 
Journal: Bartlett, View of the 
United States, 257; Beach, Letter 
from Illinois, 292; Biggs, Letter, 38; 
Brown, Gazetteer, 96; Carpenter, 
Margaret Fuller in northern Illijiois, 
378 ; Foster, Wayside glimpses, 534; 
Gordon, Journal, 9; Johnson, Visit 
of Alfred Dickens, 371; Lansden, 
Cairo in 1841, 371; Perrin, 
Visit of Alfred Dickens, 371; 
Snyder, Charles Dickens in Illi- 
nois, 371; Stone, Memoir, 232; 
Valley of the Mississippi, 225; 
Transactions: Biggs, Narrative, 
38; Brown, Gazetteer, 96; Collott, 
Voyage dans I'Amerique, 48; 
Conkey, Journey, 220; Davis, Trip 
from Pennsylvania to Illinois, 474; 



Eidington, Letter from Fort de 
Chartres, 2; Ernst, Travels, 138; 
Flagg, Letters, 109; French, Remi- 
niscences, 425; Invitation serieuse, 
23; Kinney, Answer to Dickens, 
371; Sterling, Letters from Fort 
de Chartres, 4; Thomas, Winnebago 
War, 200. 

Illinois, the geology and geoponicks 
of the state, 338. 

Illinois Woman's Columbian Club 
of Menard County, Menard-Salem- 
Lincoln souvenir album, 984. 

lUinoistown, see East St. Louis. 

Illustrated atlas map of county of: 
Cass, 733; Douglas, 784; Iroquois, 
850; Mason, 975; Menard, 982; 
Montgomery, 993; Sangamon, 1062. 

Illustrated atlas of county of: Boone, 
712, 713; Hancock, 832; White, 
1 127; Winnebago, 1149. 

Illustrated atlas of the United States 
and adjacent countries, Bradford, 285. 

Illustrated encyclopedia and atlas map 
of Madison County, 958. 

Illustrated gazetteer of the United 
States, Fanning, 503. 

Illustrated hand-book. Smith, 412. 

Illustrated hand-book of American 
travel, Appleton's, Richards, 583. 

Illustrated historical atlas map of 
county of: Randolph, 1042; Ver- 
milion, 1 105. 

Illustrated historical atlas of St. Clair 
Co., Warner & Beers, 1054. 

Illustrated souvenir of Rock Island 
County, 105 1, p. 270. 

Illustrirte Geographie von Nord- und 
Siid-Amerika, Rapp, 526. 

Illustrirte Mississippithal, Douglas, 

589- 

Im Jahre 1842 von St. Louis nach 
Detroit, Salzbacher, 373. 

Imlay, Gilbert, Topographical de- 
scription, 14, 43, p. 8. 

Immigrant's guide, Warner, 445. 



470 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Immigration, p. 257; accounts by: 
Bradbury, 89; Ernst, 138; Hall, 
208; Murray, 214, 387; Conkey, 
220; True picture of emigration, 
235; Arends, 266; Wilkey, 344; 
Flower, 359; Scott, 374; Menzel, 
457; Andree, 471; New World, 
606. See also Emigrant guides. 

Imperial gazetteer, Blackie, 537. 

Important extracts from letters. 
Knight, 105. 

Impressions of America, Lewis, 386. 

Impressions of the West and South, 
Kingsford, 579. 

Incidents and events in the life of 
Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard, Hamil- 
ton, 132. 

Incidents of western travel. Pierce, 557. 

Index of economic material in the 
documents of the state, Hasse, p. 386. 

Index to the laws of Illinois, Gross, 

1305- 

Indian Creek, frontier settlement, 
244. 

Indian in his wigwam, Schoolcraft, 
126. 

Indian tribes of upper Mississippi and 
Great Lakes region, Blair, 161. 

Indiana, p. 9; gazetteer, 348; guides, 
253. 303. 303a, 408, 572; visited or 
described by : Carey, 47 ; Schultz , 70 ; 
Cutler, 77; Bradbury, 89; Neuste 
Kunde, 91; Palmer, 102; Fordham, 
106; Miller, 124; Flint, 131; Faux, 
139; Wright, 151; Reed, 195; 
Sealsfield, 199; Redfield, 215; Peck, 
236; Hoskins, 243; Steele, 253; 
Rupp, 303; Travellers guide, 303a; 
Western tourist, 348; Grund, 372; 
Scott, 374; Wegwijzer, 408; Emi- 
grant's handbook, 432; Schmolder, 
442; Beste, 489; Ferris, 565; En- 
sign, Bridgman, & Fanning, 572. 

Indiana Historical Society, Publica- 
tions, 1 20 1. 

Indianapolis, Jobson visits, 568. 



Indians, annuities, 96; Clark mis- 
sionary, 294; diseases, 461 ; history, 
13; land cession, 138; Long super- 
intends, 100; McKenney super- 
intends, 203; mounds, 251; out- 
rages in Black Hawk War, 244; 
captivities: Biggs, 38, Brigdon 
244; Hall sisters, 244; Le Ray, 
77; Mrs. Lewis, 90; 

described by: Rogers, 3; Farmar, 
5; Schoolcraft, 13, 126; Clark- 
son, 13; Morgan, 13a; Hutchins, 
14, Wilkins, 17a; Taylor, 19; 
Hay, 25a, Nord-Amerika, 26; 
Imlay, 43; Volney, 49; Austin, 
51; Perrin du Lac, 61; History 
of North America, 64; Pike, 65; 
Ashe, 68; Cutler, 77; Schermer- 
horn, 82; History of North Amer- 
ica, 118; Forsyth, 141; Howitt, 
152; Warden 154; Kearny, 160; 
Morse, 161; Marston, 161; 
Spencer, 166; Beltrami, 181; 
Mrs. Kinzie, 230; Whittlesey 
248; Turner, 265; Bradford, 400; 
Lanman, 403; Andree, 471; 
Douglas, 589; 

negotiations, 250; by: Atwater, 
213; Cass, 171; Croghan, i; 
Ross and Crawford, p. 5. 

Indians of the Northwest, Atwater, 21^. 

Indicateur geographique, Rouby, 608. 

Industrial resources, De Bow, 490. 

Infortnation and advice to emigrants, 
Melish, 120, 149. 

Information for emigrants, 435. 

hiformation relating to territorial laws 
of Illinois, James, 12 14. 

Information respecting the Indian 
tribes, Schoolcraft, 13, 34. 

Inner n Communicationen derVereinig- 
ten Staaten, Gerstner, 336. 

Insurance companies' directory, 616 

Internal improvements, discussed by: 
Melish 94; Morse, 176; Armroyd, 
189; Redfield, 215; Coles, 218; 



INDEX 



471 



Mitchell, 289, 313, 332; Rupp, 
303; Chapin, 322; Henshaw, 325; 
Dearborn, 331; Gerstner, 336; 
Peck, 341; Remarks en the west- 
ern states, 342; Western tourist, 348; 
Mann, 396; Macgregor, 405; City 
of Chicago, 429; Tarver, 448; Pey- 
ton, 525; Colby, 540, 574; Illinois 
state gazetteer, 648. See also 
Canals, Railroads, Roads. 

Interstate Publishing Co., p. 264; 
publ. history of county of: La- 
Salle, 900; Logan, 921; McHenry, 
933; Sangamon, 1065; White, 1126. 

Introduction to ancient and modern 
geography, Cummings, 85. 

Invitation serieuse aux habitants des 
Illinois, 23, p. 6. 

Iowa, gazetteer, 348; guides, 372, 
388, 408, 442, 473, 554, 572, 573; 
missionary activity in, 377; visited 
or described by: Owen, 340; Grund, 
372; Scott, 374; Newhall, 3»8; 
Wegwijzer, 408; Emigrant's hand- 
book, 432; Schmolder, 442; Koch, 
463; Curtiss, 473; True, 554; 
Ferris, 565; Ensign, Bridgman, & 
Fanning, 572; Hall, 573. 

Iowa band, Adams, 377. 

Iowa journal of history and politics: 
Hospers, Diary, 451. 

Iowa Publishing Co., publ. Atlas of 
Rock Island County, 1053. 

Irish ecclesiastical journal: Caswall, 
City of the Mormons, 370. 

Irish settlements, O'Donovan de- 
scribes, 436. 

Iroquois County, atlases, 850, 852; 
biographical collection, 851; his- 
tories, 849, 853; organization, p. 
311; Rynning locates in, 316; 
counties formed from: Kankakee, 
p. 317; Will, p. 376. 

Jackson, Andrew, Ross's recollections 
of, 167. 



Jackson County, atlas, 857; bio- 
graphical collection, 856; histories, 
854. 855; mineral lands in, 354; 
organization, p. 312; counties 
formed from: Franklin, p. 302; 
Perry, p. 351. 

Jacksonville, directory, 1061; English 
colony at, 362; history, 1001; 
visited or described by: Thomas, 
200; Sturtevant, 217; Stuart, 224; 
Bryant, 238; Turner, 265; Post, 
268; Hoffman, 274; Flagg, 299; 
Wood, 304; Illinois in 1837, 313; 
Milburn, 333; Thompson, 473; 
Illinois River railroad report, 592. 

Jacksonville weekly journal: Thomas, 
Reminiscences, 200. 

Jacobs, Rev. Bela, Voice from the 
West, 259. 

James, Davis L., Judge James Hall, 
208. 

James, Edmund J., Information re- 
lating to territorial laws of Illinois, 
1214. 

James, Edwin, p. 11; Account of 
expedition from Pittsburgh to the 
Rocky Mountains, 144. 

James, James A., Clark papers, 29, 

30, 31. 

James, Thomas H., Rambles in 
United States, 395. 

James, Uriah P., Railroad and route 
book, 484, 507; River guide, 179; 
Routes of the Missouri River, etc., 
484; Traveler's companion, 484. 

Jasper County, history, 858, p. 272, 
n. i; organization, p. 313. 

Jefferson, Thomas, Notes on Virgin- 
ia, 32, p. 8; Writings, 31, 32. 

Jefferson County, biographical col- 
lection, 860; histories, 859, 861, p. 
272, n. i; organization, p. 313; 
counties formed from: Fayette, p. 
300; Marion, p. 338; Massac, p. 

341- 
Jennings, John, p. 6; Journal, 10, 



472 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Jenny Lind in America, Rosenberg, 
478. 

Jericho, directory, 870. 

Jersey County, atlas, 864; histories, 
862, 863; organization, p. 313; 
Schmolder describes, 442. 

Jerseyville, Hamilton's address at, 
862. 

Jobson, Rev. Frederick J., America, 
and American Methodism, 568. 

Jo Daviess County, atlas, 867; bio- 
graphical collection, 866; direc- 
tories, 544, 865; histories, 865, 
868; organization, p. 314; counties 
formed from: Carroll, p. 283; Ogle, 
p. 347; Putnam, p. 354; Rock 
Island, p. 357; Stephenson, p. 
366; Whiteside, p. 375; Winnebago, 

P- 379- 

Jorg, Eduard, Briefe, 483. 

Johnson, C. B., Letters from the 
British settlement in Pennsylvania, 
145; Letters from North America, 

145- 

Johnson, Fordyce B., Livingston 
County, 917. 

Johnson, John, Laws of ike Indiana 
Territory, 12 12. 

Johnson, Mrs. Charles P., Visit of 
Alfred T. Dickens, 371. 

Johnson, Sir William, sends document 
to Board of Trade, 12; Phyn's 
letter to, 16. 

Johnson & Co., p. 263; publ. Peoria 
County, 1018. 

Johnson County, biographical col- 
lection, 869; history, 981, p. 72, 
n. i; organization, p. 315; counties 
formed from: Jackson, p. 312; Pope 
P- 353; Pulaski, p. 354; Union, p. 

369- 
Johnston, Alexander K., Dictionary 

of geography, 469; Callicot copies, 

502. 
Johnston, WiUiam J., Stephenson 

County, 1089, p. 258, 



Joliet, history, 11 36; visited or de- 
scribed by: Harriet Martineau, 
302; Jones, 326; Reynolds, 510. 

Jonathan, pseudonym, 450. 

Jonathan and his neighbors, Skinner, 
659. 

Jones, Abner D., Illinois and the 
West, 326, p. 12. 

Jones, E. R., 'secretary Illinois Land 

Company, 545. 
-Jones, John Rice, Laws of Indiana 
Territory, 12 12. 

Jones, Lottie E., Vermilion County, 
iiii. 

Jones, W. Clyde, Supplement to 
Starr & Curtis, Statutes, 1309. 

Jones, William C, Crawford County, 
biographical, 768. 

Joslyn, Frank W., Kane County, 878. 

Joslyn, Waite, Kane County, 878. 

Journal de I' instruction publique du 
Bas-Canada: Chauveau, Voyage 
de son altesse royale le Prince de 
Galles, 611. 

Journal d'un voyage, Levasseur, 193, 
Journal from Fort Pitt to Fort Char- 

tres, Jennings, 10. 
Journal made during a tour in the 

western countries, Hulme, 120; 

discussed by Melish, 149. 
Journal of a missionary tour, Scott, 

374- 
Journal of a tour, Baily, 52, 
Journal of a voyage from St. Louis to 

the Falls of St. Anthony, Forsyth, 

141. 
Journal of American history: Parkin- 
son, Travels, 314. 
Journal of an expedition, Gordon, 9, 

28a. 
Journal of Andrew Ellicolt, 50. 
Journal of Col. George Croghan, i. 
Journal of Stephen W. Kearny, 160 

Journal of travels in the United Stales, 
Palmer, 102. 



INDEX 



473 



Journal of travels into the Arkansa 
Territory, Nuttall, 124a. 

Journal up the Illinois River, Ken- 
nedy, 14, 25, 43; Cramer copies, 

59- 
Journey from East to West, Hewitt, 

634- 

Journey from Massachusetts to Illi- 
nois, Conkey, 220. 

Journey from New York to San Fran- 
cisco, Greeley, 604. 

Journey in the West, Steele, 355. 

Journey through Canada, the United 
States and the West Indies, Logan, 

301. 
Journey through France, Birkbeck, 

134. 
Journey through North America, 

Hodgson, 159. 
Journey through the West, Loomis, 

194. 
Jubilee College, 334. 
Julius, pseudonym, 63. 
Julius, Dr. Nikolaus, Nordamerikas 

sitlliche Zustdnde, 277. 

Kanawha River, 14. 

Kane County, atlases, 871, 874, 876; 
biographical collections, 873, 875; 
directories, 544, 870, 872 ; histories, 
870, 872, 877, 878; organization, 
p. 315; counties formed from: De 
Kalb, p. 293; Kendall, p. 318. 

Kanesville, directory, 870. 

Kankakee County, atlas, 879; bio- 
graphical collection, 880; organiza- 
tion, p. 317- 

Kankakee River, routes via, 25a, 99. 

Kansas, described by: Ferris, 565; 

HaU, 573- 
Kartenwerke zu Dr. Karl Andree's 

Nord-Amerika, Lange, 521. 
Kaskaskia, Clark's expedition to, 30; 

constitutional convention at, no; 

cut, 365; history, 1041; visited or 

described by: Jennings, lo; But- 



ricke, 18; Kennedy, 25; Clark, 29, 
30; Harmar, 37; Biggs, 38; Mich- 
aux, 44; Scott, 45; Mills & Smith, 
86; Peck, no; Harding, 129; Ernst, 
138; Lafayette, 193; Levasseur, 
193; Loomis, 194; Thomas, 365; 
Oliver, 375; Goodrich, 433. 

Kaskaskia River, 461. 

Katechismus fiir Auswanderer, Ziegler, 

571- 

KaufTman, Horace G., Ogle County, 
1015. 

Kauffman, Rebecca, H., Ogle County, 
1015. 

Kearny, Stephen W., Journal, 160. 

Keating, William H., Narrative of an 
expedition, 183. 

Kelland, Philip, Transatlantic sketch- 
es, 593- 

Keller & Fuller, publ. Illustrated atlas 
of White County, 1127. 

Kelly, William, Across the Rocky 
Mountains, 453. 

Kendall County, biographical col- 
lection, 882a; directory, 881; his- 
tories, 881, 882; organization, p. 

318. 

Kendrick, Burton, Railroad and 
steamboat directory, 578. 

Kennedy, J. C. G., ed., Fisher, Prog- 
ress of the republic, 519. 

Kennedy, Patrick, Journal, 14, 25, 
43, p. 6. 

Kentucky, history, i; visited or de- 
scribed by: Schultz, 70; Cuming, 
71; Bradbury, 89; Palmer, 102; 
Fordham, 106; Flint, 131; Wright, 
151; Ogden, 172; Sealsfield, 199. 

Kern, J. W., Iroquois County, f 53. 

Kett, H. F., & Co., pp. 263, 264, 
266; publ. history of county of: 
Boone, 711; Bureau, 723; Carroll, 
728; De Kalb, 772; Henry, 844; 
Jo Daviess, 865; La Salle, 899; 
Ogle, ion; Rock Island, 1048; 
Warren, 11 15; Winnebago, 1148. 



474 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Key to Mitchell's School geography, 
Carroll, 349. 

Key to Murphy's map of United 
States, 650. 

Kickapoo Indians, Biggs prisoner of, 
38; Marston describes, 161. 

Kiner, Henry L., Henry County, 847. 

King, John W., Douglas County, 787. 

Kingdom, William, Jr., America and 
the British colonies, 146. 

Kingman, John, Letters on a tour, 327, 
p. 12. 

Kingsford, William, Impressions of 
the West and South, 579. 

Kinney, William, Answer to Dickens' 
American notes, 371. 

Kinzie, Juliette A., Waubun, 230. 

Kirkland, Mrs. Caroline M., Great 
prairie state, 642 ; Illinois in spring- 
time, 594. 

Klein, L., ed., Gerstner, Die innern 
Communicationen, 336. 

Kloeden, Gustav A. von, Handbnch 
der Lander- und Staaten-Kunde, 636. 

Knapp, N. M., Scott County, 1076. 

Knapp, S. L., ed., Hinton, United 
States, 222. 

Knickerbocker magazine: Bryant, 
The prairies, 238. 

Knight, John, Emigrant's best instruc- 
tor, 121; Extracts from letters, 105. 

Knox County, atlases, 883, 887; 
biographical collection, 885; his- 
tories, 884, 886, 888; organization, 
p. 318; counties formed from: 
Henry, p. 309; Stark, p. 365. 

Koch, Albert C, Reise, 391. 

Koch, Friedrich C. L., Mineral 
Gegenden der Vereinigien Staaten 

463. 
Koch, Louis, Amerikanische Reisen, 

275- 

Koehler, Sammlung neuer Reisebe- 

schreibungen, 3. 
Kohler, Carl, Briefe aus Amerika, 

495. P- 12. 



Kopfli, Dr. Kaspar, p. 12; describes 

New Switzerland, 234. 
Kopfli, Salomon, letters, 234. 
Koerner, Charles, 188. 
Koerner, Gustav, biography, 270; 

Memoirs, 270, p. 13; Review of 

Duden's Report, 188. 
Kohl, Johann G., Reisen im Nord- 

westen, 546. 
Kurze Beschreibung der Vereinigten 

Staaten, EggerHng, 241. 

Lafayette, Marquis de, visits United 
States, 190, 193, p. II. 

Lafayette, history, 1041. 

Lake and river guide, Ensign, Bridg- 
man, & Fanning, 572. 

Lake, D. J., & Co., p. 267; publ. atlas 
of county of: Clay, 751; Union, 
iioi; Wayne, 1123. 

Lake City Publishing Co., p. 268; 
publ. biographical collections of 
county of: Christian, 746; Cook, 
762; Du Page, 792; Ford, 809; 
Hancock, 835; Henderson, 840; 
Iroquois, 851; Kankakee, 880; 
Lake, 892; McDonough, 929. 

Lake County, atlas, 894; biographical 
collection, 892; directories, 544, 
891; histories, 889, 890, 891, 893, 
895; organization, p. 320. 

Lake Huron, commerce, 584. 

Lake Michigan, commerce, 584; de- 
scribed by Drake, 461. See also 
Illinois-Michigan canal. 

Lake St. Clair, commerce, 584. 

Lake Superior, commerce, 584; min- 
eral region, 463; visited by: Stor- 
row, 103; Gilman, 287; Lanman, 

403- 

Lakeside classics: Hubbard, Auto- 
biography, 132. 

L'Amerique protestante, Rey, 550. 

Land and river in the Mississippi 
Valley, Wells, 481. 

Land in Illinois belonging to the Illi- 



INDEX 



475 



nois Central Railroad Company, 
Neal, 522a. 

Land und Leute in der Allen und 
Neuen Welt, Loher, 548. 

Land und Leute in der Union, Douai, 
641. 

Land- und Seereisen eines st. gallischen 
Kantonhiirgers nach Nordamerika, 
Buechler, 97. 

Land und Volk der Vereinigten Staa- 
ten, Buchele, 539. 

Land we live in, Goodrich, 433. 

Lands, bounty, 122, 127; Central 
Illinois Farm, Coal, and Lumber 
Co., 538; Illinois Central, 522a, 
544a, 559, 589, 602, 656; Illinois 
Land Co., 545; map of claims, 46; 
public, 298a, 477, 560; Shawnee- 
town Coal Mining and Manufac- 
turing Co., 563; 

described by : Map of the military 
bounty lands, 122; Van Zandt, 127; 
Dana, 136; Mackenzie, 148; Amer- 
ican atlas, 178; Casey, 298a; Illi- 
nois in 1837, 313; Peck, 341; Ran- 
toul, 477; Neal, 522a; Illinois 
Central pamphlets, 544a, 656; 
Gerhard, 556; Andrews, 560; Camp- 
bell, 562; Caird, 587, 602; Mrs. 
Kirkland, 594. See also Agricul- 
ture, Economic resources. 

Lands of the slave and the free, Murray, 
496. 

Lange, Henry, atlases, 521. 

Lanman, Charles, Adventures, 403; 
Canoe voyage up the Mississippi, 
403; Haphazard personalities, 403; 
Lead region, 402; reputed author, 
287; Summer in the wilderness, 403. 

Lanman, James H., Progress of the 
Northwest, 353. 

Lansden, John M., Cairo in 1841, 
371; History of Cairo, 371, 375, 
449, 460, 608. 

Lardier, J. A., Voyage du General 
Lafayette, 190. 



Larkins, William G., Descriptive 
handbook of America, 652. 

Larned, J. N., Literature of American 
history, 1402. 

LaSalle, directory, 896; visited or de- 
scribed by: Cunynghame, 460; 
Thompson, 473; Mattson, 500; 
Reynolds, 510; Campbell, 562 

La Salle County, atlases, 897, 901, 
904; biographical collection, 902; 
directories, 896, 899, p. 259, n. i ; 
histories, 896, 898, 899, 900, 903; 
organization, p. 32 1 ; counties 
formed from : Grundy, p. 305 ; Kane, 
p. 315; Kendall, p. 318; Livingston, 
p. 326; McHenry, p. 330; Marshall, 
P- 339; Ogle, p. 347; Winnebago, 

P- 379- 

Last look at the United States, Old- 
mixon, 523. 

Last of the boatmen. Hall, 179. 

"Latin settlement," Koerner de- 
scribes, 270. 

Latrobe, Charles J., Rambler in North 
America, 250, p. 11. 

Laugel, Antoine A., £.tats-Unis pen- 
dant le guerre, 649. 

Lavallde, Th., rev. Malte-Brun, Geo- 
graphie, 73. 

Lavoisne, 178. 

Law, Thomas, Reply to certain in- 
sinuations, 139. 

Lawrence County, atlas, 905; bio- 
graphical collection, 907; history, 
906, p. 272, n. i; organization, p. 
324; counties formed from: Clay, 
p. 289; Richland, p. 356. 

Laws, pp. 385-388; Illinois (state), 
1220-1309; Illinois Territory, 
1214-1219; Indiana Territory, 
1206-12 13; Northwest Territory, 
1201-1205; Ohio, 1201; Gerhard 
discusses, 556; Ferris discusses, 
565. See also Government. 

Lead mines (near Galena), visited or 
described by: Shaw, 84; Forsyth, 



476 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



141; Beckwourth, 156; Meeker, 

177; Martin, 210; Atwater, 213; 

Whittlesey, 248; Murray, 290; 

Clark, 310; Marryat, 329; Owen, 

340; Hodge, 361; Lanman, 402, 

403. See also Fever River, Galena, 

Mines and mining. 
Lead region, Lanman, 402. 
Lebanon, Dickens visits, 371. 
Le Baron, Wm., & Co., p. 263; publ. 

history of county of: Coles, 757; 

Edgar, 796; Kane, 872; Lake, 891; 

Livingston, 915; McLean, 939; 

Will, 1 138; Woodford, 1155. 
Leben im innern der Vereinigten Slaa- 

ten, Duden, 188. 
Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten, 

Gloss, 647. 
Lebensbilder aus den Vereinigteji 

Staaten, Wrede, 305. 
Lebensbilder und Reisen in Amerika, 

Koch, 275. 
Lee, Edmund F., engineer's report 

by, 563- 

Lee, John D., autobiography, 197. 

Lee County, atlas, 913; Gregory de- 
scribes, 543; histories, 908, 910, 
911, 912, 914; organization, p. 324. 

Lee County Columbian Club, 912. 

Leeson, M. A., Documents and biog- 
raphy of Stark County, 1087, p. 270. 

Legends of a log cabin, Gilman, 287. 

Leitfaden ftir A uswanderer, Bromme, 

357. 

Lenz, T. W., Reise nach Saint Louis 
am Mississippi, 307. 

Le Ray, Chas., journal, 77. 

Le Roy, history, 936. 

Le Sage, Atlas, 178. 

Letter from Illinois, Beach, 292. 

Letter from the secretary of war trans- 
mitting topographical reports, 99. 

Letter on the lands of the Illinois Cen- 
tral Railway Company, Caird, 587. 

Letters from a rambler, 313. 

Letters from America, Flint, 131. 



Letters from Caytada and United 

States, Borrett, 644. 
Letters from Illinois, Birkbeck, 105; 

Fearon discusses, 98. 
Letters from Lexington and the Illinois, 

Flower, 140. 
Letters from North America, Hodgson, 

159; Johnson, 145. 
Letters from the British settlement in 

Pennsylvania, Johnson, 145. 
Letters from the Illinois, Flower, 137, 

165. 
Letters from the slave states, Stirling, 

570. 
Letters from the United States, Wood, 

304. p. 12. 
Letters from the United States, Cuba 

and Canada, Murray, 549. 
Letters from the West, Hall, 208; 

Ogden, 172; Wright, 151. 
Letters of a traveller, Bryant, 401. 
Letters on a tour. Kingdom, 327, p. 12. 
Letters on internal improvements and 
commerce of the West, Dearborn, 
331; Henshaw, 325. 
Lettres, Ferri-Pisani, 622. 
Lettres sur le nouveaux etablissmens, 

Birkbeck, 105. 
Levasseur, A., Lafayette en Amerique, 

193- 
Levinge, Richard G. A., Echoes from 

the backwoods, 328; Thummel 

copies, 444. 
Lewis, Alfred H., ed. Lee, Mormon 

menace, 197. 

Lewis, Rev. George, Impressions of 
America, 386. 

Lewis, H., Illustrirte Mississippithal, 

589. 
Lewis, Hannah, captivity, 90. 
Lewis, Jane, captivity, 90. 

Lewis Publishing Co., pp. 272, 276; 
publ. history of county of: Cook, 
765; Grundy, 828; La Salle, 902; 
Madison, 963. 



INDEX 



477 



Lewistown republican: Fulton County, 
8i6, p. 273. 

Lexington, history, 936. 

Lexington (Ky.), Flower's letters 
from, 140. 

Liberty, history, 1041. 

Library of Congress, county histories 
in, p. 275. 

Licht und Schattenbilder, Ludvigh, 
404. 

Lieary on America, parody on Mar- 
ryat, Diary, 329. 

Life and confession of John D. Lee, 
197. 

Life and times of Ephriam Cutler, 77. 

Life, correspondence, and speeches of 
Patrick Henry, Henry, 31. 

Life in Illinois by a son of the Pil- 
grims, 595. 

Life in prairie land, Farnham, 356. 

Life in the West, Van Tramp, 660. 

Life in the West, back-wood leaves and 
prairie flowers, 364. 

Life of A. H. Conant, CoUyer, 256a. 

Life of James P. Beckwourth, Bon- 
ner, 156. 

Life of Jonathan Baldwin Turner, 
Carriel, 265. 

Life of travel in North America and 
south Europe, Rafinesque, 125. 

Life on the lakes. Oilman, 287. 

Lincoln, Abraham, recollections of, 
by: Ross, 167; Onstot, 979; 
souvenir album, 984. 

Lincoln- Douglas debates, Villard re- 
ports, 535. 

Lind, Jenny, visit to America, 478. 

Lippincott, Crambo & Co's. Gazetteers: 
Baldwin & Thomas, Gazetteer of 
the United States, 501. 

Lippincott's pronouncing gazetteer, 
Baldwin, 399. 

Lips, Michael A., Statistik von Amer- 
ica, 209. 

Lisbon (O.). Loomis visits, 194. 



List of the Inhabitants of Post Vincene, 
25a. 

Literature of American history, Lar- 
ned, 1402. 

Literature of American local history, 
Ludewig, 103, 122. 

Little- Fort porcupine and Democratic 
banner: Lake County, 889, p. 258. 

Livingston County, atlas, 918; bio- 
graphical collection, 916; directory, 
915; histories, 915, 917; organiza- 
tion, p. 326. 

Lloyd, James T., Steamboat directory, 

547- 

Lodi, directory, 547. 

Loher, Franz von, Geschichte und 
Zustdnde der Deutschen in Amer- 
ika, 421; Land und Leute in der 
Alten und Neuen Welt, 548. 

Lowig, Gustav, Freystaaten von Nord- 
America, 260. 

Logan, James, Notes of a journey, 301. 

Logan County, atlases, 922, 924; 
biographical collection, 923; direc- 
tories, 919, 920; histories, 919, 920, 
921, 925; organization, p. 327. 

Long, George, Geography of America 
ajid the West Indies, 366. 

Long, Stephen H., pp. 10, 12; De- 
scription of the country traversed by 
the exploring expedition, 144; ex- 
peditions, 144, 183; Extract from 
a report, 99; Voyage to the Falls of 
Saint Anthony, 100. 

Looking-Glass Prairie, Dickens visits, 

371- 

Loomis, Chester A., Journey through 
the West, 194. 

Lorain, John, Hints to emigrants, 147. 

Lorimer, Col. William A., Mercer 
County, 989. 

Lothrop, J. S., Champaign County 
directory, "j^-j. 

Louisiana, visited or described by: 
Postlethwayt, 11; Entick, 20; His- 
tory of British dominions, 24; 



478 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Austin, 51; Berquin-Duvallon, 60; 

Memoires stir la Louisiane, 62; 

Schultz, 70; Cuming, 71; Cutler, 

77; Stoddard, 80; Miller, 124; 

Sealsfield, 199; Parker, 276. 
Louisiana gazette (St. Louis), laws of 

Illinois Territory published in, 

1214. 
Louisville (Ky.), directory, 312; 

visited or described by: Melish, 74; 

James, 144; Paul Wilhelm, 184; 

Hall, 207; Davis, 255; Flagg, 299; 

Buckingham, 350; Robertson, 528; 

Campbell, 645. 
Louisville journal: Flagg, Sketches of a 

traveller, 299. 
Louisville literary news-letter: Clark, 

Journal, 30. 
Low, James W., Railway directory, 

575- 
Lowman, F. W., De Kalb County, 

111- 
Lovejoy, Elijah P., 255, 329. 
Luchsinger, John, trans. Duerst, 

Diary, 393. 
Ludewig, Herman E., Literature of 

American local history, 103, 122. 
Ludvigh, Samuel, Licht- und Schatten- 

bilder, 404. 
Lusk, D. W., & Co., publ. McDon- 

ough County, 927. 
Lyford, William G., Western address 

directory, 312. 

McBride, J. C, Christian County, 747. 

McClain, Hugh, rev. Cumings, 
Western navigator, 179. 

McCleave, John W., Lawrence Coun- 
ty, 907. 

McCormack, Thomas J., ed. Koer- 
ner. Memoirs, 270. 

McCulloeh, David, Peoria County, 
102 1. 

McCuUoch, John R., Dictionary of 
the world, 368; Universal gazetteer, 
368. 



McDonough, J. L., & Co., p. 265; 

publ. history of county of: Ed- 
wards, 801 ; Lawrence, 906; Monroe, 
990; Perry, 1023; Randolph, 1043; 
Wabash, 11 12. 

McDonough County, atlas, 926; bio- 
graphical collection, 929; directory, 
927; histories, 927, 928, 930; organ- 
ization, p. 329. 

Macgregor, John, Commercial statis- 
tics, 405; Our brothers and cousins, 
605; Progress of America, 405. 

McHenry County, atlases, 931, 934; 
biographical collection, 935; direc- 
tories, 544, 932; histories, 932, 933; 
Lake County formed from, p. 320; 
organization, p. 330. 

Mcllvaine, Caroline M., ed. Hub- 
bard, Autobiography, 132. 

Mackay, Alexander, Western world, 
426. 

McKenney, Thomas L., Memoirs, 
203. 

Mackenzie, Eneas, View of the United 
States, 148. 

Mackinac, Hubbard visits, 132; 
routes, 78, 584; trade, 34. 

Mackinnon, Capt. Lauchlan B., 
Atlantic and transatlantic sketches, 

475. 
McLean, Alexander, McDonough 

County, 930. 

McLean, Lewis A., Pioneers of Cham- 
paign County, 740, p. 270. 

McLean County, atlases, 937, 941; 
biographical collections, 940, 942; 
directories, 936, p. 259, n. i ; gazet- 
teer, 936; histories, 936, 938, 939, 
943; organization, p. 331; counties 
formed from: DeWitt, p. 294; 
Livingston, p. 326; Woodford, p. 

381. 
Macmillan's Magazine: Dicey, Six 

months in the federal states, 631. 
Macon County, atlases, 944, 947; 

histories, 945, 946, 948, 949; lands 



INDEX 



479 



in, 538, 545; organization, p. 333; 
counties formed from: DeWitt, p. 
294; Moultrie, p. 346; Piatt, p. 351. 

Macoupin County, atlases, 950, 953; 
biographical collections, 952, 956; 
histories, 951, 954, 956; organiza- 
tion, p. 334. 

Madison (Ind.), directory, 312. 

Madison County, atlases, 958, 960, 
962; biographical collection, 961; 
Flagg locates in, 109; gazetteer, 
957; histories, 957, 958, 959. 963; 
organization, p. 336; Parkinson 
locates in, 1 08; Schmolder describes, 
442; counties formed from: Bond, 
p. 278; Edwards, p. 299; Green, p. 
304; Macoupin, p. 334; Mont- 
gomery, p. 344; Pike, p. 352; 
Sangamon, p. 360. 

Madison democrat: Reminiscences of 
Wisconsin, 261. 

Magazin der neuesten Reisebeschrei- 
bungen: Volney, Tableau des £,tats- 
Unis, 49. 

Malte-Brun, Conrad, geographies, 
73; copied by: Goodrich, 227; Tom- 
lins, 291. 

Malte-Brun, V. A., ed. Malte-Brun, 
Geographic, 73. 

Manford, Erasmus, Twenty -five years 
in the West, 358. 

Mann, Ambrose D., Nordamerican- 
ischen Freistaaten, 396. 

Manning & Darby, Gazetteer of the 
United States, 379. 

Manual for emigrants to America, 
Colton, 239. 

Manual of A merican geography, 580. 

Manual-guide aux Etats-Unis de 
I'Amerique, Gelone, 116. 

Manufactures, described by: Flint, 
211; Traveller's guide, 303a; Illinois 
in i5j7, 313; Macgregor, 405; Hay- 
ward, 508; Campbell, 562; Colby, 
574; Northwest, 596; Smith & De 
Moulin, 616; National armory. 



624; Spence, 638; Illinois state gazet- 
teer, 648. See also Economic condi- 
tions. 
Map of Bureau County, Matson, 720, 

P- 259- 

Map of Illinois, Squire, 303a. 

Map of the military bounty lands, 122, 
p. 12. 

Map of the seat of war in North Amer- 
ica, Melish, 79. 

Map of the United States, Melish, 87; 
Mitchell, 324. 

Map of United States lead mines. 
Chandler, 210. 

Margaret Fuller in northern Illinois, 
Carpenter, 378. 

Marine, history, 957. 

Marion County, atlas, 965; biograph- 
ical collections, 966, 967; histories, 
964, 967, 968, p. 272, n. I ; organiza- 
tion, p. 338. 

Marmocchi, F. C, Raccolta di viage, 
49. 

Marryat, Capt. Frederick, p. 11; 
Diary in America, 329. 

Marshall, Albert O., Army life, 628. 

Marshall, J., rev. Brookes, Gazetteer, 
8. 

Marshall County, atlases, 970, 972, 
974; biographical collection, 973; 
histories, 969, 971; organization, 

P- 339- 
Marston, Maj. Morrell, account of 

the Indians, 161. 

Martin, F., rev. McCuUoch, Dic- 
tionary, 368. 

Martin, Morgan L., Narrative, 210. 

Martin Chuzzlewit, Dickens, Cairo 
caricatured, 371. 

Martineau, Harriet, De la societe 
americaine, 302 ; Society in America, 
302; Voyage aux £.tats-Unis, 302. 

Maryland, Fordham visits, 106. 

Mason, George, Clark's letter to, 31. 

Mason County, atlas, 975; biograph- 
ical collections, 978, 979; described 



48o 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



by Illinois River railroad report, 
592; histories, 976, 977; organiza- 
tion, p. 340. 

Massac County, biographical collec- 
tion, 980; history, 981, p. 272, n. i ; 
organization, p. 341. 

Massachusetts, emigration from, 220. 

Massachusetts historical collections: 
Schermerhorn, Report respecting 
the Indians, 82. 

Massachusetts Historical Society, 
Proceedings Greenough, Tour, 394. 

Massachusetts Missionary Society, 
work in Illinois, 86, p. 9. 

Massey, Stephen L., guides, 484. 

Massie, James W., America, 643. 

Massie, Capt. M. D., Pike County, 
1032. 

Mathews, Milton W., Pioneers of 
Champaign County, 740, p. 270. 

Matson, Nehemiah, Map of Bureau 
County, 720, p. 259; Reminiscetices 
of Bureau County, 721, p. 261. 

Mattson, Hans, Minnen, 500; Remi- 
niscences, 500. 

Maunder, Samuel, Treasury of geog- 
raphy, 569. 

Maximilian, Prince of Wied-Neu- 
wied, p. II ; Nord-Amerika in Bild- 
ern, 251; Reise, 251. 

Maxwell's Code, 1203. 

Mease, James, Geological account of 
the United States, 69. 

Meeker, Moses, Lead region of Wis- 
consin, 177. 

Melish, John, Birkbeck's letter to, 
1 49 ; Description of the British pos- 
sessions in North America, 79; 
Description of the roads in the 
United States, 88; Geographical de- 
scription of the United States, 87, 
94; Geographical description of the 
world, 123; Geographical intelligence, 
79; Information and advice to emi- 
grants, 120, 149; Map of the seat of 
war, 79; Map of the United States, 



87; Statistical account of the United 
States, 87; Statistical view of the 
United States, 87, 88; Traveller's 
directory, 87, 88; Travels, 74. 

Mellen, Grenville, Book of the United 
States, 297. 

Memoir of Alvan Stone, Wright, 232, 
p. 12. 

Memoir on surveys and internal im- 
provements in the United States, 
Tanner, 216. 

Memoires sur la Louisiane et la Nou- 
velle Orleans, 62. 

Memoirs, Koerner, 270; McKenney, 
203; Villard, 535. 

Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel J. Mills, 
Spring, 86. 

Memorable days in America, Faux, 

139- 

Memorandum of M. Austin's journey, 

51- 

Menard County, atlas, 982 ; biograph- 
ical collection, 985; histories, 983, 
984, 986; Mason County formed 
from, p. 340; organization, p. 342. 

Menard-Salem-Lincoln souvenir al- 
bum, 984, p. 270. 

Mendota, directory, 896; Eby enlists 
at, 620. 

Menominee (Mich.) herald: Mitchell, 
Remi?iiscences, 267. 

Menzel, Gottfried, Vereinigten Staat- 
en von Nordamerika, 457. 

Mercer County, atlas, 988; histories, 
987, 989; Jo Daviess County 
formed from, p. 314; organization, 

P- 342. 
Mercer County Historical Society, 

839- 

Merchants' magazine (Hunt's): City 
of Chicago, 429; Illinois and its re- 
sources, 363; Lanman, Lead region, 
402 ; Lanman, Progress of the North- 
west, 353; Peyton, Statistical view 
of Illinois, 525. 

Merrill, Arthur, Kane County, 872. 



INDEX 



481 



Message from the president transmit- 
ting the laws of Indiana Territory, 
1206-1208. 

Messinger, Peck &, map of Illinois, 

341- 
Methodist circuit rider's tour from 

Pennsylvania to Wisconsin, Brun- 

son, 286. 

Methodists, described by: Brunson, 
286; Shaw, 536; Pierce, 557; Job- 
son, 568. See also Religious con- 
ditions. 

Metz, Henry S., History and reminis- 
cences of Schuyler County, 107 1. 

Mexican War, Davis recruits for, 255. 

Mexico, visited by: Tudor, 231; Au- 
dubon, 449; Ampere, 470; Froebel, 

493- 

Mexique illustre, Le, Malte-Brun, 73. 

Michaux, Andre, p. 8; Journal, 44. 

Michigan, guides, 253, 303, 303a, 
348, 408, 432, 565, 572; visited or 
described by: Miller, 124; Redfield, 
215; Peck, 236; Hoskins, 243; 
Steele, 253; Parker, 276; Rupp, 
303; Travellers guide, 303a; West- 
ern tourist, 348 ; Grund, 372 ; Scott, 
374; Wegwijzer, 408; Emigrant's 
handbook, 432; Schmolder, 442; 
Ferris, 565; Ensign, Bridgman, 
& Fanning, 572. 

Michigan pioneer and historical col- 
lections: Perrault, Travels, 34. 

Middle-West Publishing Co., p. 270; 
publ. atlas of county of: Du Page, 
793; Kane, 876. 

Military bounty lands. Young, 306. 

Military tract, visited or described 
by: Miller, 124; Van Zandt, 127; 
Dana, 135; Stone, 232; Turner, 
265; Post, 268; Young, 306. 

Militia act of 1833, 1229. 

Miller, Andrew, New states and terri- 
tories, 124; Ogd en copies, 172. 

Miller, Rev. R. D., Menard County, 
986. 



Milligan, Harvey W., looi. 

Mills, Rev. Samuel J., p. 9; Report 
of a missionary tour, 86; View of 
United States west of the Allegany 
Mountains, 82. 

Miner, Ed., Greene County, 824. 

Mineral-Gegenden der Vereinigten 
Staaten, Die, 463. 

Mineral lands in the United States, 
Owen, 340. 

Mineral lands of the upper Mississippi, 
Bell, 369. 

Mineral resources, described by: 
Wilkins, 17a; Cutler, 77; History 
of North America, 118; Miller, 124; 
Hall, 221; Rupp, 303; Mitchell, 
313; Owen, 340; Shepard, 354; 
Hodge, 361; Illinois and its re- 
sources, 363; Bell, 369; Newhall, 
388; Koch, 463; Neal, 476; Camp- 
bell, 562; Foster, 566; Colby, 574; 
Clarke, 619; Spence, 638. See also 
Economic resources. Geological 
descriptions. Lead mines. 

Minnay Sotor (Minnesota) River, 
Featherstonhaugh tours, 293. 

Minnen, Mattson, 500. 

Minnen frdn en sjuttonndrig vistelse 
i nordvestra Amerika, Unonius, 367. 

Minnesota, guides, 554, 565, 573; 
visited or described by: Curtiss, 
473; Mattson, 500; Oliphant, 524; 
True, 554; Andrews, 560; Ferris, 
565; Hall, 573. 

Mitinesota and Dacotah, Andrews, 
560. 

Minnesota and the far West, Oliphant, 

524- 

Minnesota Historical Society, Col- 
lections: Long, Voyage to the Falls 
of Saint Anthony, 100. 

Minnesota (Minnay Sotor) River, 
Featherstonhaugh tours, 293. 

Missionaries, Schermerhom, 82; 
Mills, 82, 86; Smith, 86; Peck, no; 
HoUister, 175; Reed, 195; Lee, 197; 



482 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Conant, 256a; Clark, 294; Man- 
ford, 358; Scott, 374; Chase, 383; 
Shaw, 636. See also Religious con- 
ditions. 

Mississippi, visited or described by: 
Schultz, 70; Cuming, 71; Miller, 
124; Sealsfield, 199. 

Mississippi River, 210, 630; naviga- 
tion, 59, 158, 179, 414, 547; settle- 
ments, 6, p. 8; maps by: Ross, p. 
6; Cumings, 179; Pratt, 439; 
Williams, 466; Lloyd, 547; Ken- 
drick, 578; River Mississippi, 607; 
sources explored by: Pike, 65; 
Schoolcraft, 164; Beltrami, 181; 
toured or described by: Farmar, 
5; Pittman, 6; Gordon, 9; Jen- 
nings, 10; Postlethwayt, 11; Hut- 
chins, 14; Butricke, 18; Taylor, 
19; Hay, 25a; Nord-Amerika, 26; 
North American and West Indian 
gazetteer, 28; Forman, 40; Mich- 
aux, 44; Collot, 48; EUicott, 50; 
Cramer, 59; Perrin du Lac, 61; 
Pike, 65; Ashe, 68; Mease, 69; 
Cuming, 71; Cutler, 77; Flint, 
93; Montule, loi; Evans, 115; 
Schoolcraft, 126, 164, 171; Cum- 
ings, 179; Amphlett, 133; Edwin 
James, 144; Gilleland, 158; 
Kearny, 160; Beltrami, 181; Paul 
Wilhelm, 184; Bernhard, 198; 
Sealsfield, 199; McKenney, 203; 
English party's excursion, 206; 
Atwater, 213; Stuart, 224; Sup- 
piger, 234; Bryant, 238; Latrobe, 
250; Maximilian, 251; Bell, 254; 
Arends, 266; Hoffman, 274; Louis 
Koch, 275; C. A. Murray, 290; 
Flagg, 299; Logan, 301; Wood, 
304; Lenz, 307; Stewart, 308; 
Clark, 310; Lyford, 312; Wette, 
318; Daubeny, 323; Marryat, 
329; Clara von Gerstner, 335; 
Hohne, 337; Nicollet, 339; Nau- 
mann, 346; Buckingham, 350; 



Mrs. Steele, 355; Dickens, 371; 
Salzbacker, 373; Lewis, 386; 
Raumer, 389; A. B. Koch, 391; 
T. H. James, 395; Lanman, 403; 
Ziegler, 410; T. Allen, 414; Gor- 
ling, 418; Palliser, 423; French, 
425; Mackay, 426; Descriptive 
pamphlet of Smith's panorama, 
430; O'Donovan, 436; Audubon, 
449; Fredrika Bremer, 459; 
Cunynghame, 460; Quentin, 464; 
Curtiss, 473; Davis, 474; Rosen- 
berg, 478; Froebel, 493; Kohler, 
495; H. A. Murray, 496; Sketches 
of the Upper Mississippi, 498; 
Reynolds, 510; Wagner, 514; 
Oldmixon, 523, Robertson, 528; 
Lloyd, 547; Loher, 548; Rey, 
550; Jobson, 568; Kendrick, 578; 
Kingsford, 579; Kelland, 593; 
United States and Canada, 599; 
Gevers Deynoot, 603; Macgregor, 
605; River Mississippi, 607; Dicey, 
631; Duvergier de Hauranne, 646; 
Disturnell, 654. 

Mississippi Valley, Indians of, 213, 
265; mineral lands, 369, 463; visited 
or described by: Ellicott, 50; Spen- 
cer, 166; Schoolcraft, 171; Darby, 
205; Flint, 211; Valley of the Mis- 
sissippi, 225; Colton, 239; Bache, 
249; Arends, 266; Dwight, 280; 
Lyford, 312; Remarks on the Mis- 
sissippi Valley, 342; Naumann, 
346; Thomas, 365; Bradford, 400; 
Information for emigrants, 435; 
Prout, 441 ; Schm.older, 442; Drake, 
461 ; Wells, 481 ; Hall, 573; Douglas, 
589; Andree, 600; River Mississippi, 
607; Disturnell, 654. 

Missouri, directory, 522; gazetteer, 
180; guides, 303, 348, 408, 554, 565, 
572; Germans in, 421; maps, 189, 
249; Mormons, 197; 

visited or described by: Palmer, 
102; Map of the military bounty 



INDEX 



483 



lands, 122; Miller, 124; School- 
craft, 126; Van Zandt, 127; 
HoUister, 175; Beck, 180; Du- 
den, 188; Sealsfield, 199; Redfield 
215; Peck, 236; Arends, 266; 
Parker, 276; Rupp, 303; Lenz, 
307; Western tourist, 348; Shep- 
ard & Shepherd, 354; Grund, 
372; Wegwijzer, 408; Loher, 421; 
Emigrant's handbook, 432 ; 

Schmolder, 442; True, 554; Fer- 
ris, 565; Ensign, Bridgman, & 
Fanning, 572; Marshall, 628. 

Missouri Historical Society, Collec- 
tions: Gordon, Journal, 9; Kearny, 
Journal, 160. 

Missouri River, map, 439; toured or 
described by: CoUot, 48; Le Ray, 
77; Cumings, 179; Maximilian, 251. 

Missouri und Illinois, Bromme, 271. 

Mitchell, John, Present state of Great 
Britain and North America, 15. 

Mitchell, Mary, Reminiscences oj the 
Northwest, 267. 

Mitchell, Samuel A., Accompaniment 
to map of the United States, 282; 
Accompaniment to map of the 
world, 332; Allgemeine Uebersicht 
der Welt, 332; Compendium of in- 
ternal improvements, 289; Far West, 
313; Geographical reader, 349; 
Illinois in i8j/', 313; Key to school 
geography, 349; New school geog- 
raphy, 349; New traveller's guide, 
284; Principal routes in the United 
States, 284; School geography, 349; 
Sketches of Illinois, 313; Traveller's 
guide, 284; United States (map), 
324; Vereinigten Staaten, 282; View 
of the United States, 282; View of 
the world, 332. 

Mobile, Phyn at, 16. 

Modern geography; and, A general 
gazetteer, 75. 

Modern traveller, 219. 

Moiling, Peter A., Reise-Skizzen, 581. 



MoflFet, Hugh R., Warren County, 
1118. 

Moline, citizens appeal for a national 
armory, 624; cut, 518; Mattson 
resides in, 500; Peck describes, 518. 

Monk's Mound, sketch and cut, 365. 

Monmouth, Mrs. Geer visits, 417. 

Monongahela River, described by: 
Cramer, 59; Ashe, 68. 

Monroe County, atlas, 992; biograph- 
ical collection, 991; history, 990, 
p. 272, n. i; organization, p. 343; 
Schmolder describes, 442. 

Montague, E. J., Directory, business 
mirror, and historical sketches of 
Randolph Courtly, 1041, p. 259. 

Montague, William L., Illinois and 
Missouri state directory, 522. 

Mont^mont, Albert, Bibliotheque 
universelle des voyages, 204, 207. 

Montgomery, directory, 870. 

Montgomery County, atlases, 993, 
997; biographical collection, 995; 
Christian County formed from, p. 
281; directory, 997; histories, 994, 
996; organization, p. 344. 

Montgomery County Abstract Com- 
pany, 997. 

Monthly American journal of geology 
(Featherstonhaugh's) : Croghan, 
Journal, I. 

Monthly repository: Flower, Letters, 
165. 

Monticello, history, 957. 

Montule, Edouard de. Voyage en 
Amerique, loi. 

Moore, Henry, Universal geography, 
76. 

Moore, Roy L., Woodford County, 
1158. 

Moran, John, Searching the records, 
954. PP- 273- 274- 

Morgan, George, p. 6; letters and 
journals 13a, 59; member Phila- 
delphia trading firm, 13, 13a. 



484 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Morgan, Henry J., Tour of the Prince 
of Wales, 614. 

Morgan, Richard P., Report of survey, 
428. 

Morgan County, atlases, 998, 1003; 
biographical collection, 1002; de- 
scribed, 592; directory, 1000; his- 
tories, 999, 1000, looi, 1004; organ- 
ization, p. 345; counties formed 
from: Cass, p. 284; Scott, p. 363. 

Morleigh (pseudonym), 364. 

Mormon menace, Lee, 197. 

Mormonism unveiled, Lee, 197. 

Mormons, colony at Salt Lake, 453; 
history, 197; described by: Davis, 
255; Post, 268; Thiimmel, 444; 
Busch, 482; Murray, 496. See 
also Nauvoo, Religious conditions. 

Morpeth, Lord, Travels in America, 
362. 

Morris, Bishop, 294. 

Morris, 826; Reynolds describes, 510. 

Morse, Charles W., atlases, 574; map 
of Illinois, 540. 

Morse, Jedidiah, p. <); American gazet- 
tscr, 53; American geography, 41, 
56, p. 8; American universal geog- 
raphy, 35, 41 ; Compendious and 
complete history of modern geog- 
raphy, 41; Elements of geography, 
35; Geography made easy, 35, 41, p. 
8 ; New System of geography, 35 ; New 
universal gazetteer, 53; Report on 
Indian affairs, 161; rev. Brookes, 
Gazetteer, 8; Traveller's guide, 53; 
Universal gazetteer, 53. 

Morse, Richard C, New universal 
gazetteer, 53. 

Morse, Sidney E., Geography made 
easy, 35; New system of geography, 
176. 

Morse & Gaston, map of America, 
580. 

Moser, Johann J., Nord-Amerika 
nach den Friedensschliissen, 33. 

Moses, John, 1076. 



Moultrie County, atlases, 1005, 1008; 
biographical collection, 1007; his- 
tory, 1006; lands in, 538; organiza- 
tion, p. 346. 

Mount Carmel, Flower describes, 

359- 

Mount Vernon, Flagg visits, 299. 

Mountain Meadows massacre, 197. 

Mud Lake, Thacker describes, 390. 

Munsell Publishing Co., pp. 271, 272, 
276; publ. biographical collections 
of county of: Crawford, 768; Doug- 
las, 787; Effingham, 804; Lawrence, 
907; McHenry, 935; Wabash, 11 13; 
publ. history of county of : Boone, 
715; Carroll, 731; Champaign, 743; 
Coles, 760; Cook, 764; Du Page, 
794; Edgar, 798; Fayette, 807; 
Henderson, 842; Jo Daviess, 868; 
Kane, 877; Lee, 914; Livingston, 
917; McDonough, 930; McLean, 
943; Mercer, 989; Morgan, 1004; 
Ogle, 1015; Peoria, 1021; St. Clair, 
1058; Sangamon, 1069; Schuyler, 
1073; Shelby, 1083; Tazewell, 1099; 
Warren, 11 18. 

Murphy, S. Aggassiz, Key to map of 
United States, 650. 

Murray, Amelia M., Letters from the 
United States, Cuba and Canada, 

549- 

Murray, Charles A., Travels in North 
America, 290. 

Murray, Henry A., Lands of the slave 
and the free, 496. 

Murray, Hugh, Encyclopedia of geog- 
raphy, 283; Historical account of 
travels, 214; United States of Amer- 
ica, 387. 

Murray, Williamson, & Phelps, p. 
264; publ. History of Adams Coun- 
ty, 702. 

Museum of foreign literature: Caswall, 
City of the Mormons, 370. 

My diary, North and South, Russell, 
625. 



INDEX 



485 



My own times, Reynolds, 57, p. 9. 
Myers, E. B., ed. laws of Illinois, 
1261, 1270-1272, 1304. 

Nachrichlen und Erfahrungen iiher 
die Vereinigten Staaten, 72. 

Naperville, Greenough visits, 394. 

Naples, Great Western railroad at, 
506. 

Napoleon, Prince, p. 11; visits Illi- 
nois, 622. 

Narrative, Biggs, 38; Martin, 210. 

Narrative and critical history of Amer- 
ica, Winsor, 1407. 

Narrative journal of travels, School- 
craft, 164. 

Narrative of a journey down the Ohio 
and Mississippi, Forman, 40. 

Narrative of a tour in North America, 
Tudor, 231. 

Narrative of an expeditiott to the 
source of St. Peter's River (Long's), 
Keating, 183. 

Narrative of the captivity of Airs. 
Lewis 90. 

Narrative of the capture of the Misses 
Hall, 244. 

Narrative of travels, Fordham, 106; 
Perrault, 34. 

Nashville (Tenn.), Michaux visits, 

44- 

Natchez (Miss.), Buechler visits, 97. 

National almanac, 637. 

National armory, 624. 

National directory, Hewett, 192. 

National geography for schools, Good- 
rich, 227. 

Natural history of fishes inhahitating 
the river Ohio, Rafinesque, 125 

National intelligencer: Lanman, Let- 
ters, 403. 

National library of education, use and 
entertainment: Tomlins, System of 
geography, 291. 

National magazine: Field, Illinois and 
its tnammoth city, 296. 



Natur und das Leben in den Vereinig- 
ten Staaten, Thummel, 444. 

Naumann, Jakob, Reise, 346. 

Nauvoo, cuts, 518, 526; visited or 
described by: Lee, 197; Post, 268; 
Caswall, 370; Koch, 391; Green- 
ough, 394; Lanman, 403; Macgre- 
gor, 405; Descriptive pamphlet of 
Smith's panorama, 430; Goodrich, 
433; O'Donovan, 436; Wagner, 
514; Bosshard, 516; Flagg, 518; 
Lange, 521; Dana, 564; Duvergier 
de Hauranne, 646. See also Mor- 
mons. 

Navigator, Cramer, 59, 68, 179, 547, 
p. 9; copied by: Amphlett, 133; 
Ashe, 68; Cumings, 133; Gilleland, 
158. 

Neal, David A., Illinois Central rail- 
road, 476; Land in Illinois belong- 
ing to the Illinois Central Railroad 
Company, 522a. 

Nebraska, described by Ferris, 565. 

Negroes, diseases, 461. 

Nelson, O. N., Scandinavians in the 
United States, 316. 

Nelson, William E., City of Decatur 
and Macon County, 949, 

Neudeutschland in Westamerika, 
Brauns, 416. 

Neue Erdbeschreibting von ganz Amer- 
ika. Fanning, 7. 

Neue Welt, Gorling, 418. 

Neuste Ktinde von Amerika, 91. 

Neuste Ldnderkunde: Ross, Das Aus- 
wanderers Handbuch, 479. 

Neustes Wegweiser fiir Auswanderer, 
Bromme, 357. 

Neustes Cemdlde von Amerika, Som- 
mer, 247. 

New Albany (Ind.), Massie visits, 
643- 

New and comprehensive system of uni- 
versal geography, Moore, 76. 

New and popular pictorial description 
of tJie Utiited States, Sears, 443. 



486 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



New and universal gazetteer, Scott, 55. 

New atlas of Madison Couyity, 960. 

New Brunswick, 488; guide, 357. 

New England Society, publ. Rockford 
and Winnebago County, 1151. 

New gazetteer, Davenport, 252. 

New gazetteer of the United States, 
Darby & Dwight, 258. 

New geographical, historical, and com- 
mercial grammar, Guthrie, 22. 

New Glarus (Wis.), Swiss colony, 

393- 
New guide for emigrants, Peck, 236. 

New Harmony (Ind.), visited by: 

Blane, i74;Bernhard, i98;Thomas, 

200; [0']Ferrall, 245; Maximilian, 

251- 

New homes in the West, Stewart, 308. 

New Lisbon (Lisbon, O.), 194. 

New Orleans, routes via, 419, 439; 

visited or described by: Fraser, 5a; 

Gordon, 9; Taylor, 19; Memoires 

sur la Louisiane, 62; Schultz, 70; 

Buechler, 97; Latrobe, 250; Arends, 

266; Murray, 496. 
New river guide, Cumings, 179. 
New Scotland, guide, 357. 
New states and territories. Miller, 124; 

Ogden copies, 172. 
New Switzerland, settlement, 234. 
New system of geography, Davies, 67 ; 

Penning, 7; Guthrie, 22; Morse, 35, 

176. 
New universal gazetteer, Crutwell, 54; 

Morse, 53. 
New Vevay (Vevay, Ind.), 97- 
New voyages and travels, Phillips: 

Montul6, Voyage en Ameriqtie, loi. 

New World in i8s9, 606. 

New York, guide, 253; internal im- 
provements, 215; visited or de- 
scribed by: Schultz, 70; Wright, 
151; Parker, 276. 

New York City, routes, 419, 651; 
visited or described by: Davis, 255; 



Koerner, 270; Reynolds, 510; Gree- 
ley, 604. 

New York colonial documents: Cro- 
ghan. Journal, i. 

New York herald, Cornwallis corre- 
spondent for, 612. 

New York observer, Bache contributes 
to, 249. 

New York post: Bryant, Letters, 401. 

New York Staats-Zeitung, Villard 
reporter for, 535. 

Newberry Library, county histories 
in, p. 275. 

Newhall, John B., British emigrants' 
"handbook," 388. 

Newhouse, Sewall, Forest and stream, 
390; Trappers' guide, 390. 

Newsome, E., Jackson County, 855. 

Newspapers, described or listed by: 
Sullivan, 465; Curtiss, 473; Fisher, 
519; Gerhard, 556. 

Niagara Falls, routes via, 385, 584. 

Nicollet, I. N., see Nicollet, Joseph N. 

Nicollet, Joseph N., Report to illus- 
trate map of the upper Mississippi, 

339- 

Nil Admirari, pseudonym of Shelton, 

204. 
Niles, Henry C, Douglas County, 

784a, p. 262. 
Niles (Mich.), Kelly visits, 453. 
Nord-Amerika historisch und geo- 

graphisch beschrieben, 26. 
Nord-Amerika in Bildern, Maximil- 
ian, 251. 
Nord-Amerika in Umrissen, Andree, 

471. 
Nord-Amerika nach den Friedens- 

schliissen, Moser, 33. 
Nordamerikanische Demokratie, Du- 

den, 188. 
Nordamericanischen Freistaaten, 

Mann, 396. 

Nordamerika's Bewohner, Bromme, 
319- 



INDEX 



487 



Nordamerihas sittliche Zustdnde, Ju- 
lius, 277. 

Norfalk (Norwalk, O.), 194. 

Normal, history, 936. 

Norris & Gardiner, Illinois annual 
register, 422. 

North America, Troll ope, 627. 

North America, its agriculture and 
climate, Russell, 627. 

North America and West Indian 
gazetteer, 28. 

North American review, Everett re- 
views Faux, Journal, 139. 

North American tourist, 345. 

North Carolina, Hutchins describes, 
14. 

Northern counties gazetteer and direc- 
tory. Hall, 544. 

Northern traveller, Dwight, 280. 

Northwest, p. 8; conquest, 30, 31; 
early settlement, 1009; histories, p. 
264; Indians, 213; map, 348; visited 
or described by: Bonnet, 39; Win- 
terbotham, 46; Oliphant, 56; Schaf- 
fer, 58; Geographical narrative, 63; 
History of North America, 64; 
System of geography, 66; Moore, 
76; Storrow, 103; Miller, 124; Red- 
field, 215; Mary Mitchell, 267; 
Lanman, 353; Bradford, 400; Has- 
kins, 420; The Northwest, 596. 

Northwest, The, 596. 

Northwest in 1817, Storrow, 103. 

Northwest Publishing Co., p. 269; 
publ. plat book of county of: Jo 
Daviess, 867; McLean, 941; Rock 
Island, 1050; Stephenson, 1094. 

Northwestern quarterly magazine: The 

Northwest, 596. 
Norton, W. T., Madison County, 963. 
Norwalk (O.), Loomis visits, 194. 
Norwegian settlements, Dietrichson 

describes, 398; Reierson visits, 383. 

Norwood, J. G., Report on Illinois 
coals, 487. 



Notes of a journey through Canada, 

the United States, and the West 

Indies, Logan, 301. 
Notes of a tour in North A merica, Fer- 

gusson, 621. 
Notes of things seen in Europe and 

America, Bryant, 401. 
Notes on a journey in America, Birk- 

beck, 95; extracts reprinted, 168; 

Fearon discusses, 98. 
Notes on Illinois, Hall, 205, 233. 
Notes on the New World and its people, 

Ferguson, 542. 
Notes on the Northwest, Bradford, 400. 
Notes on the western states. Hall, 300. 
Notes on Virginia, Jefferson, 32, p. 8. 
Notes upon the geology of the western 

states. Hall, 360. 
Notes upon the western country, Hos- 

kins, 243. 
Nuevo curso complete de geografia 

universal, Sanchez de Bustamante, 

576. 
Nuevo tratado de geografia universal, 

Sanchez de Bustamante, 576. 
Nuttall, Thomas, p. 12; Journal of 

travels into the Arkansa Territory, 

124a. 

Observations of an Illinois boy, Eby, 
620. 

Observations on the Wisconsin Terri- 
tory, Smith, 317. 

O'Callaghan, E. B., New York colo- 
nial documents, i . 

Occidental Publishing Co., p. 269; 
publ. plat book of county of: Clin- 
ton, 755; Marion, 965. 

Occupation and trade, Alvord & Car- 
ter: Croghan, Journal, i; Eiding- 
ton. Letter, 2; Farmar, Letters, 5; 
Eraser, Report, 5a; Pittman, Etiro- 
pean settlement, 6 ; Sterling, Letters, 4. 

O'Donovan, Jeremiah, Account of 
interview with his countrymen, 436. 

CEuvres, Volney; 49. 



488 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



O'Ferrall, Simon A., p. ii; Ramble 
through the United States, 245. 

Ogden, George W., Letters from the 
West, 172. 

Ogden, William B., Report, 428. 

Ogg, Frederick A., ed. Fordham, 
Travels, 106. 

Ogle, George A., & Co., pp. 268, 269, 
276; publ, atlas of county of: 
Adams, 704; Bond, 710; Brown, 
717; Carroll, 730; Champaign, 744; 
Christian, 748; DeKalb, 776; Ed- 
gar, 799; Edwards, 802; Ford, 
810; Fulton, 818; Grundy, 829; 
Hamilton, 831; Henderson, 841; 
Henry, 848; Iroquois, 852; Jackson, 
857; Knox, 887; Lake, 894; La 
Salle, 904; Lee, 913; Livingston, 
918; Logan, 924; Madison, 962; 
Marshall, 974; Monroe, 992; Mont- 
gomery, 997; Moultrie, 1008; Ogle, 
1016; Peoria, 1020; Piatt, 1028; 
Pike, 1033; Putnam, 1040; Rich- 
land, 1046; Saline, 1060; Stark, 
1088; Tazewell, 11 00; Union, 11 03; 
VermiHon, 11 08; Warren, 11 19; 
Washington, 11 22; Wayne, 1125; 
Whiteside, 1134; Will, 11 42; Wil- 
liamson, 1 1 46; Winnebago, 11 53; 
Woodford, 11 59; 

publ. plat book of county of: 
Champaign, 742; Clark, 750; Clin- 
ton, 755; DeWitt, 781 ; Greene, 823; 
Jersey, 864; Logan, 922; McHenry, 
934; Ogle, 1013; Shelby, 1081; 
Warren, 1117; Whiteside, 1131; 
Will, 1 1 40. 

Ogle County, atlases, loio, 1013, 
I o 1 6 ; biographical collections, i o 1 2 , 
1014; directories, loii, 1016; geol- 
ogy, 613; Gregory describes, 543; 
histories, 1009, lOli, 1015; organ- 
ization, p. 347; counties formed 
from: Lee, p. 324; Whiteside, p. 
375. 



Ohio, guides, 253, 303, 303a, 408, 572; 
Witlenborger landowner in, 447; 
visited or described by: Baily, 52; 
Schultz, 70; Cuming, 71; Cutler, 
77; Bradbury, 89; Palmer, 102; 
Fordham, 106; Miller, 124; Flint, 
131; Wright, 151; Ogden, 172; 
Sealsfield, 199; Peck, 236; Hoskins, 
243; Steele, 253, Rupp, 303; Travel- 
lers guide, 303a, Western tourist, 
348; Grund, 372; Scott, 374; Weg- 
wijzer, 408; Emigrant's hand-book, 
432; Schmolder, 442; Ferris, 565; 
Ensign, Bridgman, & Fanning, 572. 

Ohio and Mississippi navigator, Cra- 
mer, 59, 68, 179, 547, p. 9; copied 
by: Amphlett, 133; Ashe, 68; Cum- 
ings, 133; Gilleland, 158. 

Ohio and Mississippi pilot, Gilleland, 

59- 158. 

Ohio Archceological and Historical 
Society, Pub ications: James, Judge 
James Hall, 208. 

Ohio River, maps, 158, 179, 439, 466, 
547; toured or described by: Cro- 
ghan, i; Gordon, 9; Jennings, 10; 
Hutchins, 14; Butricke, 18; Taylor, 
19; Nord-Amerika, 26; Pownall, 
28a; Forman, 40; Michaux, 44; 
Collot, 48; EUicott, 50; Cramer, 
59; Perrin du Lac, 61; Ashe, 68; 
Mease, 69; Cuming, 71 ; Cutler, 77; 
Flint, 93; Buechler, 97; Montul6, 
loi; Evans, 115; Nuttall, 124a; 
Rafinesque, 125; Schoolcraft, 126, 
171; Amphlett, 133; Edwin James, 
144; Long, 144; Gilleland, 158; 
Richardson, 163; Cumings, 179; 
Beltrami, 181; Paul Wilhelm, 184; 
Worcester, 185; Lafayette, 193; 
Levasseur, 193; Bernhard, 198; 
Sealsfield, 199; English party's ex- 
cursion, 206; Redfield, 215; Stuart, 
224; Tudor, 231; Suppiger, 234; 
Bryant, 238; Latrobe, 250; Maxi- 
milian, 251; Bell, 254; Hoffman, 



INDEX 



489 



274; Louis Koch, 275; C. A. Mur- 
ray, 290; Flagg, 299; Wood, 304; 
Clark, 310, Lyford, 312; Daubeny, 
323; Marryat, 329; Clara von 
Gerstner, 335; Hohne, 337; Nau- 
mann, 346; Buckingham, 350; Mrs. 
Steele, 355; Dickens, 371; Salz- 
bacher, 373; Raumer, 389; A. C. 
Koch, 391; T. H. James, 395; Gor- 
ling, 418; Palliser, 423; French, 
425; Mackay, 426; Audubon, 449; 
Mrs. Houstoun, 452; Casey, 456; 
Fredrika Bremer, 459; Quentin, 
464; Davis, 474; Froebel, 493; 
Kohler, 495; H. A. Murray, 496; 
Reynolds, 510; Oldmixon, 523; 
Robertson, 528; Lloyd, 547; Rey, 
550; Kendrick, 578; Gevers Dey- 
noot, 603; Hawes, 623. 

Ohio Valley historical series: Clark, 
Campaign in the Illinois, 31. 

Old Settlers' Association of Grundy 
County, 826. 

Olden limes, Craig : Croghan, Journal, 
I. 

Oldmixon, Capt. John W., Trans- 
atlantic wanderings, 523. 

Olean (N.Y.), Loomis visits, 194. 

Oliphant, Edward, History of North 
America, 56. 

Oliphant, Lawrence, Minnesota and 
the far West, 524. 

Oliver, William, Eight months in 
Illinois, 375. 

Olney, Jesse, geographies, 212. 

On the geology of the valley of the Mis- 
sissippi, Prout, 441. 

On the Wisconsin and Missouri lead 
region, Hodge, 361. 

Onapischquasippi (Salt Creek), 138. 

Once a week: Life in Illinois by a son 
of the Pilgrims 595. 

Oneota, Schoolcraft, 126. 

Onstot, Thomas G., Pioneers of 
Menard and Mason counties, 979, 
985, p. 273. 



"Oplain" River, see Dcsplaines 
River. 

Oregon, map, 512 ; visited or described 
by: James, 395; Mrs. Geer, 417; 
Hall, 655. 

Oregon Pioneer Association, Trans- 
actions: Mrs. Geer, Diary, 417. 

Ossoli, see Fuller, Margaret. 

Ottawa, directory, 896; visited or 
described by: Oilman, 287; Rau- 
mer, 389; Greenough, 394; Rey- 
nolds, 510. 

Ouiatanon, 38; Croghan at, i; road 
via, 25a. 

Our whole country. Barber & Howe, 
618. 

Out West, Borrett, 644. 

Over the Alleghanies and across the 
prairies, Peyton, 438. 

Owen, David Dale, Report of geologi- 
cal exploration, 340; report on lands 
of Shawneetown Company, 563; 
Koch copies, 463. 

Paducah (Ky.), proposed railroad 

terminus, 635. 
Page, H. R., & Co., p. 270; publ. 

Illustrated atlas of Winnebago and 

Boone counties, 713, 1149. 
Page, Karl G., Darstellung von Nord- 

amerika, 162. 
Page, Oliver J., Massac County, 981, 

P- 273- 
Palestine, Loomis visits, 194. 
Palliser, John, Solitary hunter, 423. 
Palmer, John, Journal of travels in 

the United States 102. 
Palmer, Gov. John M., p. 13; 

Personal recollections, 237. 
Panorama of the New World, Corn- 

wallis, 541. 
Pa-pa-ma-ta-be, Indian name for 

G. S. Hubbard, 132. 
Paris, visited or described by: 

Loomis, 194; Reed, 195; Mary W. 

Parkinson, 314. 



490 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Parker, Amos A., Trip to the West 

and Texas, 276. 
Parkinson, Daniel M., Pioneer life in 

Wisconsin, 108. 
Parkinson, Mary W., Travels in 

Western America, 314. 
Partridge, Charles A., Lake County, 

893. 

Past and present 0/ county of: Adams, 
705; Boone, 711; Bureau, 726; 
Christian, 747; De Kalb, 777; 
Greene, 824; Iroquois, 853; Kane, 
872; Lake, 891; La Salle, 899; 
Macon, 948; Menard, 986; Mont- 
gomery, 996; Pike, 1032; Rock 
Island, 1048; Sangamon, 1068; 
Vermilion, 11 09; Warren, 1 115; 
Will, 1 141; Winnebago, 1152; 
Woodford, 1155. 

Past and present of the United States, 
Barber & Howe, 618. 

Past, present, and future of Cairo, 588. 

Patriotism of Will County, Woodruff, 

II37- 

"Patrons' directories" in county 

histories, etc., pp. 257, 260. 
"Pattsfield's Grove Settlement," 

Kohler visits, 495. 
Paul Wilhelm, Duke of Wiirttem- 

berg, p. 11; Reise nach dem nbrd- 

lichen Amerika, 184. 
Paulding, James K., p. 12; Illinois 

and the prairies, 437. 
Pavie, Theodore, p. 11; Souvenirs 

atlantiques, 246. 
Piches dans VAmerique du Nord, 

R^voil, 407. 
Peck, Harry Thurston, ed. TroUope, 

Domestic manners, 204. 
Peck, John M., p. 12; biography, no, 

p. 13; describes Moline, 518; 

Gazetteer of Illinois, 278; Guide for 

emigrants, 236; influences Stone, 

232; New guide for emigrants, 236; 

Traveller's directory for Iliinois, 

341 ; works copied by: Arends, 267 ; 



Bache, 249; Bradford, 285; Mit- 
chell, 313; Rupp, 302. 
Peck & Messinger, map of Illinois, 

341- 

Pedestrians Tour, Evans, 115; Ogden 
copies, 172. 

Peirce, Henry B., Kane County, 872. 

Pekin, described by Illinois River 
railroad report, 592. 

Pella (Iowa), Hospers visits, 451. 

Pennsylvania, advantages of emigra- 
tion to, 145, 147; visited or de- 
scribed by: Hutchins, 14; Baily, 
52; Schultz, 70; Fordham, 106; 
Wright, 151; Sealsfield, 199; Red- 
field, 215; Brunson, 286; Rupp, 
303; Scott, 374. 

Pennsylvania Central railroad, route 
book via, 651, 

Pennsylvania inquirer and daily 
courier: Letters from a rambler, 313. 

Pennsylvania magazine of history and 
biography: Jennings, Journal, 10. 

Pennsylvania State Library, law 
catalogue, p. 386. 

Peoria, history, 1022; maps, 127, 
1020; vis ted or described by: 
Schoolcraft, 171; Latrobe, 250; 
Bromme, 271; Hoffman, 274; 
Gilman, 287; Clark, 294; Chase, 
295; Flagg, 299; Logan, 301; 
Mitchell, 313, 332; Jones, 326; 
Bailey, 334; Mrs. Steele, 355; 
Regan, 376; Duerst, 393; Peyton, 
438; Hospers, 451; Sullivan. 465; 
Thompson, 473; Villard, 535; 
States and territories of our western 
empire, 582; Wills, 626. 

Peoria city and county. Rice, 1022. 

Peoria County, atlases, 1017, 1020; 
biographical collections, 1 01 9, 
1022; histories, 1018, 1021, 1022; 
organization, p. 349; counties 
formed from: Mercer, p. 342; Put- 
nam, p. 354; Tazewell, p. 367; 
Warren, p. 37 1. 



INDEX 



491 



Peotone, Fergusson visits, 621. 
Percival, James G., ed. Malte-Brun, 

Universal geography, 73. 
Perkins, Samuel, World as it is, 315. 
Perrault, Jean B., Narrative of travels, 

34. P- 7. 

Perrin, J. N., Visit of Alfred Dickens 
to Illinois, 371. 

Perrin, William H., p. 266; Alexan- 
der, Union, and Pulaski counties, 
706, 1035, 1 1 02; Bond and Mont- 
gomery counties, 708, 994; Cass 
County, 735; Crawford and Clark 
counties, 749, 767; Effingham 
County, 803; Jefferson County, 859; 
Kane County, 872; Will County, 
1 138. 

Perrin du Lac, Frangois M., Voyage 
dans les deux Louisianes, 61. 

Perry, Albert J., Knox County, 888. 

Perry, Cicero F., Quincy and Adams 
County, 705. 

Perry County, biographical collec- 
tion, 1024; history, 1023, p. 272, 
n. i; organization, p. 351. 

Personal memoirs, Schoolcraft, 126, 
287. 

Personal narrative, Shaw, 84. 

Personal narrative of travels, Ford- 
ham, 106. 

Personal recollections, Palmer, 237. 

Personen, Land und Zustdnde in 
Nord-Amerika, Douai, 641. 

Peru, directory, 896; visited or de- 
scribed by: Logan, 301; Mitchell, 
313; Jones, 326; Greenough, 394; 
Kelly, 453; Sullivan, 465; Rey- 
nolds, 510. 

Petersburg, Onstot resides in, 979. 

Peto, Sir Samuel M., Resources and 
prospects of America, 657. 

Peyton, John L., Over the Alleghanies 
and across the prairies, 438; Sta- 
tistical view of Illinois, 525. 

Phelps, Humphrey, Hundred cities, 
509; Traveller's guide, 347. 



Phelps & Ensign, Traveller's guide, 

347- 

Phelps & Squire, Traveller's guide, 
303a. 

Philadelphia, board of trade, 615; 
visited by: Gordon, 9; Welby, 150. 

Philadelphia Sunday school journal, 
Bache contributes to, 249. 

Philips, Joseph, letter on the Illinois- 
Michigan canal, 99. 

Phillips, Richard, Collection of travels, 
61, 68. 

Phillips & Speer, Emigrant's guide, 
114; Pocket geography, 114. 

Phillip's Ferry, English emigrants 
land at, 235. 

Phyn, Lieut. George, p. 6; letter to 
Sir William Johnson, 16. 

Piasa Rock, sketch and cut, 365. 

Piatt, Emma C, Piatt County, 1026, 
p. 266. 

Piatt County, atlases, 1025, 1028; 
biographical collection, 1027; direc- 
tory, 1028; history, 1026; lands, 
545; organization, p. 351. 

Picquot, A., abridges Brookes, Gazet- 
teer, 8. 

Pictet, C, Tableau des £.tats-Unis 
d'Amerique, d'apres Morse, 41. 

Pictorial description of the United 
States, Sears, 443. 

Pictorial geography of the world, Good- 
rich, 256. 

Pictures from Italy, Dickens, 371. 

Picturesque souvenir, Bryant, 401. 

Pierce, George F., Incidents of west- 
ern travel, 557. 

Pierce, Levi, 826. 

Pike, Zebulon M., pp. 9, 12; Account 
of a voyage up the Mississippi River, 
65, 168; Expeditions to the sources 
of the Mississippi, 65 ; Exploratory 
travels, 65. 

Pike County, atlases, 1029, 1033; 
biographical collection, 1031 ; direc- 
tory, 1033; emigration to, 235; 



492 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



histories, 1029a, 1030, 1032; organ- 
ization, p. 352; counties formed 
from: Adams, p. 277; Calhoun, p. 
283; Fulton, p. 302; Hancock, p. 
307; Mercer, p. 342; Putnam, p. 
354; Schuyler, p. 362; Warren, p. 

371- 

Pilgerjahrt nach den Vereinigten Staat- 
en, Warnefried, 515. 

Pilgrimage in Europe and America, 
Beltrami, 181. 

Pine Creek, mentioned, 194. 

Pine Lake (Wis.), Swedish settle- 
ment, 367. 

Pinkerton, Tomlins copies, 291. 

Pioneer history, HUdreth: Croghan, 
Journal, i. 

Pioneer letters, Flagg, 109. 

Pioneer life in Wisconsin, Parkinson, 
108. 

Pioneer Publishing Co., p. 271; publ. 
history of county of: Bureau, 726; 
DeKalb, 777; DeWitt, 783; Henry 
847; Kane, 878; Logan, 925; Ma- 
con, 949; Vermilion, iiii; White- 
side, 1 133. 

Pioneer roads, Hulbert, 52. 

Pioneers and pioneer events, Ross, 167. 

Pioneers of Champaign County, Math- 
ews & McL?an, 740, p. 270. 

Pioneers of Menard and Mason coun- 
ties, Onstot, 979, 985, p. 273. 

Pirtle, Henry, ed. Clark, Sketch of his 
campaign, 31. 

Pittman, Capt. Philip, Present state of 
European settlements on the Missis- 
sippi, 6, p. 6. 

Pittsburg, Ft. Wayne & Chicago rail- 
way, route book via, 651. 

Pittsburgh (Pa.), directory, 312, 623; 
expedition from, 144; visited by: 
Buechler, 97; Loomis, 194. 

Plat book of county of: Champaign, 
742; Clark, 750; CHnton, 755; 
Coles, 759; DeKalb, 774; DeWitt, 
781; Edgar, 797; Fayette, 806; 



Fulton, 815; Greene, 823; Hancock, 
834, 836; Jersey, 864; Jo Daviess, 
867; La Salle, 901; Logan, 922; 
McHenry, 934; McLean, 941; 
Macon, 947; Macoupin, 953; 
Marion, 965; Marshall, 972; Mer- 
cer, 988; Morgan, 1003; Ogle, 1013; 
Putnam, 1038; Rock Island, 1050; 
Sangamon, 1067; Shelby, 1081; 
Stephenson, 1094; Warren, 11 17; 
Whiteside, 1131; Will, 1140. 

Playfair, Robert, Recollections, 424. 

Pocket gazetteer, Davenport, 53. 

Pocket gazetteer of the United States, 
Morse, 53. 

Political conditions, described by: 
Pittman, 6; Morgan, 13a; Rey- 
nolds, 57; Fordham, 106; Peck, 
1 10; History of North America, 118; 
Woods, 153; Gilleland, 158; Thom- 
as, 200; Flint, 211; Palmer, 237; 
Davis, 255; Koerner, 270; Brad- 
ford, 400; Quentin, 464; Lilian 
Foster, 534; TroUope, 627; Mrs. 
Kirkland, 642; Duvergier de 
Hauranne, 646. 

Political history of Lake County, 889, 
p. 258. 

Polo advertiser, 1009. 

Pontiac, peace negotiations, I. 

Poor Wills' Almanack: Kennedy, 
Journal, 25. 

Pope, Nathaniel, digest of Illinois 
territorial laws, 12 16. 

Pope County, biographical collec- 
tions, 1034; history, 981, p. 272, 
n. i; organization, p. 353; counties 
formed from: Hardin, p. 308; 
Massac, p. 341. 

Popular geographical library: Stew- 
art, United States, 513. 

Population, Gerhard's map, 556; 
sectional elements, p. 257; de- 
scribed by: Emigrant's guide, 114; 
Bosche, 309; Mitchell, 332; Colby, 



INDEX 



493 



540, 574; Wappaus, 555; Camp- 
bell, 562; The Northwest, 596; 

statistics given by: Hutchins, 14; 
Hall, 229; Travellers guide, 303a; 
Grand, 372; Fisher, 458; Ran- 
toul, 477; Fisher & Colby, 504; 
Peyton, 525. 

Portage (Wis.), see Fort Winnebago. 

Porter, Valentine M., ed. Kearny, 
Journal, 160. 

Portfolio (Dennie's): Hall, Letters, 
208. 

Portland (Ore.), transportation via, 
419. 

Portrait and biographical album of 
county of: Calhoun, 727; Carroll, 
729; Champaign, 741; Coles, 758; 
DeKalb, 773; DeWitt, 780; Fulton, 
814; Henry, 845; Jo Daviess, 866; 
Knox; 885, Lake, 892; McLean, 
940; Morgan, 1002; Ogle, 1012; 
Peoria, 1019; Piatt, 1027; Pike, 
1 031; Rock Island, 1049; Sanga- 
mon, 1066; Scott, 1077; Stephen- 
son, 1093; Vermilion, 1107; War- 
ren, 1 1 16; Whiteside, I130; Will, 
1 1 39; Woodford, 11 56. 

Portrait and biographical record of 
county of: Adams, 703; Bond, 709; 
Boone, 714; Christian, 746; Clin- 
ton, 756; Cook, 762; Du Page, 
792; Ford, 809; Hancock, 835; 
Henderson, 840; Iroquois, 851; 
Jackson, 856; Jefferson, 860; 
Kankakee, 880; McDonough, 929; 
Macoupin, 952; Madison, 961; 
Marion, 96.6; Mason, 978; Monroe, 
991; Montgomery, 995; Moultrie, 
1007; Perry, 1024; Randolph, 1044; 
St. Clair, 1057; Shelby, 1080; 
Tazewell, 1098; Washington, 1121; 
Winnebago, 11 50. 

Portsmouth (O.), directory, 312. 

Possart, Fedor, Amerikanische Staa- 
tensystem, 384. 



Post, T. A., Truman Marcellus Post, 
268. 

Post, Truman M., accompanies Tur- 
ner, 265; biography, 268, p. 13. 

Postl, Karl, i. e., Charles Sealsfield, 
199. 

Postlethwayt, Malachy, Universal 
dictionary of trade amd conmerce, 11. 

Postoffices, listed by: Melish, 94; 
Manning & Darby, 379; Bowen, 
472; Hayward, 508; Sangamon 
County gazetteer, 1061. 

Potawatomie Indians described by 
Marston, 161. 

Power, John C, Early settlers of 
Sangamon County, 1063, p. 262. 

Power, Mrs. S. A., Early settlers of 
Sangamo7i County, 1063, p. 262. 

Pownall, Thomas, Topographical de- 
scription, 9, 28a. 

Practical system of modern geography, 
Olney, 212. 

Prairie atid Rocky Mountain adven- 
tures. Van Tramp, 660. 

Prairie du Chien, visited or described 
by: Shaw, 84; Keating, 183; Long, 
183; McKenney, 203; Atwater, 
213; Latrobe, 250. 

Prairie du Rocher, history, 1041; 
sketch and cut, 518. 

Prairie Farming, Caird, 587, 602. 

Prairie state, Clarke, 619. 

Prairies, described by: Fraser, 5a; 
Harmar, 37; Nachrichlung und Er- 
fahrungen, 72; Harding, 129; 
Wright, 151; Birkbeck, 173; Wor- 
cester, 185; Basil Hall, 207; Bry- 
ant, 238; Flagg, 299; James Hall, 
300; Illinois in 1837, 313; Levinge, 
328; Buckingham, 350; Descriptive 
pamphlet, 430; Emigrant's hand- 
book, 432; Thiimmel, 444; Casey, 
456; Fredrika Bremer, 459; Wat- 
kin, 480; Clark, 518; Taylor, 553; 
Gerhard, 556; Richards, 583; Ash- 
worth, 585; Caird, 587; Mrs. Kirk- 



494 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



land, 594; Life in Illinois, 595; 
Cassell, 610; Fergusson, 621 ; Dicey, 
631; Spence, 638. 

Pratt's River and railroad guide, 439. 

Precis de la geographic universalle, 
Malte-Bran, 73. 

Prescott, Thomas H., Volume 0} the 
world, 497. 

Present state of Great Britain and 
North America, Mitchell, 15. 

Present state of the British Empire, 17; 
Entick, 20, p. 7. 

Present state of the European settle- 
ments on the Mississippi, Pittman, 
6, p. 6. 

Press, see Newspapers. 

Preston, history, 1041. 

Prince, Ezra M., McLean County, 943. 

Prince of Wales, p. 1 1 ; tours America, 
611, 612, 614, 617. 

Princeton, history, 718; visited by: 
Bryant, 401; Mrs. Geer, 417; 
Cunynghame, 460. 

Principal routes in the United States, 
Mitchell, 284. 

Products, described by: Lowig, 260; 
Travellers guide, 303a; Bosche, 309; 
Illinois and its resources, 363; Mac- 
gregor, 405; Wappaus, 555; Illinois 
Central railroad pamphlet, 559; 
National armory, 624; Spence, 628. 
See also Agriculture, Economic re- 
sources, Manufacturing, Mineral 
resources. 

Progress of America, 440; Macgregor, 

405- 
Progress of the Northwest, Lanman, 

353- 
Progress of the republic, Fisher, 519. 
Progress of the United States, Fisher, 

519- 

Promenade in Amerique, Ampere, 470. 

Prose writings, Bryant, 238. 

Protestant Episcopal Church, con- 
vention, 382. See also Religious 
conditions. 



Prout, H. A., On the geology of the 
valley of the Mississippi, 441. 

Public lands, see Lands. 

Pulaski County, history, 1035, p. 272, 
n. I ; organization, p. 354. 

Purple, N. H., Statutes of Illinois, 

1303. 

Putnam, George P., Emigrants' 
guide, 397. 

Putnam County, atlases, 1038, 1040; 
biographical collection, 1039; his- 
tories, 1036, 1037; organization, 
P- 354; counties formed from: 
Bureau, p. 281; Cook, p. 291; 
Jo Daviess, p. 314; La Salle, p. 321; 
Marshall, p. 339; Stark, p. 365. 

Putnam's Home encyclopedia: Callicot, 
Hand-book of universal geography, 
502. 

Quaker settlement in Sangamon 
County, 182. 

Quarterly register, American Educa- 
tion Society; Valley of the Miss- 
sis sippi, 225. 

Quarterly review, Gifford reviews 
Faux, Tour, 139; Law, Reply to 
certain insinuations, 139. 

Quayle, publ. Illustrated souvenir of 
Rock Island County, 1051. 

Quentin, Karl, Reisebilder, 464. 

Quincy, history, 705; newspaper, 306; 
visited or described by: Illinois 
monthly magazine, 229; James Hall, 
233; Post, 268; Greenough, 394; 
Macgregor, 405 ; Philadelphia 
board of trade, 486; Cornwallis, 
541; Jobson, 568; States and 
territories of our western empire, 
582; Douglas, 589; Greeley, 604; 
Hewitt, 634; Laugel, 649; Barnes, 
653. 

Raccolta di viage, Marmocchi: Volaey, 
Tableau, 49. 



INDEX 



495 



Rafinesque, Constantine S., Ichthy- 

ologia Ohiensis, 125; Life of travel 

and researches, 125; Natural history 

of fishes inhabiting the Ohio, 125. 

Railroad and route book, James', Gris- 

wold, 507. 
Railroad and steamboat sketches, 

Robinson, 529. 
Railroad, steamboat and stage guide. 

Hall, 655. 
Railroads, Galenaand Chicago Union, 
428, 560; Great Western, 419, 506; 
guides, 467, 567, 575, 616; Illinois 
Central, 419, 476, 486, 587, 656; 
Illinois River, 592; Illinois South- 
ern, 635; Wabash, 506; 

described by: Coles, 218; Tanner, 
279; Bradford, 285; Mellen, 297; 
Western journal, 448; Cobb, 467; 
Curtiss, 473; Andrews, 488; 
Great Lakes, 505; Hay ward, 508; 
Gerhard, 556; Campbell, 562; 
Homan, 567; Low, 575; Kelland, 
593; Mrs. Kirkland, 594, 642; 
Smith & DeMoulin, 616; Ferri- 
Pisani, 622; Hall, 655. See also 
Guides, Internal improvements, 
Transportation. 
Railway and steam navigation guide, 

Appleton's, Thomas, 577. 
Ramble through United States, O'Fer- 

rall, 245, 
Rambler in North America, Latrobe, 

250. 
Rambles, Sullivan, 465. 
Rambles in the United States, James, 

395- 

Rambles in the West, EUet, 491. 

Randolph, history, 1041. 

Randolph County, atlas, 1042; bio- 
graphical collection, 1044; direc- 
tory, 1041; histories, 1041, 1043, 
p. 272, n. i; organization, p. 355; 
Schmolder describes, 442; counties 
formed from: Gallatin, p. 304; 
Jackson, p. 312; Johnson, p. 315; 



Madison, p. 336; Monroe, p. 343; 
Perry, p. 351. 
Rantoul, Robert, Jr., Public lands of 

Illinois, 477. 
Rapp, Wilhelm, Illustrirte Ceographie, 

526. 
Rathgeber fiir Auswanderer, Witlen- 

borger, 447, 
Rathgeber fiir Auswanderungslustige, 

Bromme, 357. 
Ratterman, H. A., Custav Korner, 

270. 
Raumer, Friedrich von, America and 
the A merican people, 389 ; Vereinig- 
ten Staaten, 389. 
Rauschenbusch, August, Beschreib- 
ung einer Seereise, 406; Einige An- 
wei sun gen fiir Auswanderer, 406. 
Rawlings, Thomas, Confederation of 
the British North American prov- 
inces, 658. 
Real del Monte, mines, 231. 
Reasons for establishing a British 

colony, Wharton & others, 12. 
Recollections, see Biographies and 

recollections. 
Recollections of a tour, Ashworth, 585. 
Recollections of a tour through Wis- 
consin, Whittlesey, 248. 
Recollections of a visit, Playfair, 424. 
Recollections of the last ten years, Flint, 

93- 

Recollections of the pioneers of Lee 

County, 912, p. 270. 
Recollections of Wisconsin, Childs, 

169. 
Records of the olden time, Ellsworth, 

971. 1037- 
Red Bud, history, 1041. 
Red Race of America, Schoolcraft, 126. 

Red River of the North (Sanglante), 
Beltrami explores, 181. 

Redfield, William C, Geographical 
rout of a great railway, 215. 

Reed, Isaac, Christian traveller, 195. 



/^ 



496 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Reference gazetteer of the United States, 
Chapin, 322. 

Regan, John, Backwoods and prairies, 
376; Emigrant's guide, 376; West- 
ern wilds of America, 376. 

Reierson, Johan R., Veiviser for nor- 
ske emigranter, 383, p. 12. 

Reis door de Vereenigde Staten, Ziegler, 
410. 

Reise, Schopf, 36. 

Reise hlandt de norske emigranter, 
Dietrichson, 398, p. 12. 

Reise des Kupferschmiede-Meisters 
Friedrich Hohne, 337. 

Reise durck die Vereinigten Staaten, 
Hecke, 130. 

Reise durch einem Theil der Vereinig- 
ten Staaten, Koch, 391. 

Reise durch Nord Amerika, Bernhard, 
198. 

Reise in das innere Nord- America, 
MaximiHan, 251. 

Reise in den Vereinigten Staaten und 
Canada, Wette, 318. 

Reise nach dem nordlichen Amerika, 
Paul Wilhelm, 184. 

Reise nach den Vereinigten Staaten, 
Naumann, 346. 

Reise nach Nord-Amerika, Salzbacher 

373- 

Reise nach Saint Louis am Mississip- 
pi, Lenz, 307. 

Reisebericht der Familie Kopfii und 
Suppiger, 234, p. 12. 

Reisebilder, Quentin, 464. 

Reisen durch die Vereinigten Staaten, 
Weichardt, 446. 

Reisen durch die Vereinigten Staaten 
und Ober-Canada, Bromme, 271. 

Reisen im Nordwesten, Kohl, 546. 

Reisen in Nordamerika, Wagner, 514. 

Reisen und Ldnderbeschreibung: 
Busch, Wanderungen, 482, 

Reise- Skizzen, Moiling, 581. 

Relation du voyage de son Altesse 



Royale de Prince de Calles, Chau- 
veau, 611. 

Religious conditions, described by: 
Schermerhorn, 82, p. 10; Mills & 
Smith, 86; Peck, 110; Schmidt, 
170; HoUister, 175; Cartwright, 
186; Valley of the Mississippi, 225; 
Hall, 229; Stone, 232; Conant, 
256a; Jacobs, 259; Post, 268; 
Bradford, 285; Cox & Hoby, 288; 
Rupp, 303; Milburn, 333; Man- 
ford, 358; Scott, 374; Chase, 382; 
Fisher, 458, 519; Sullivan, 465; 
Ampere, 470; Shaw, 536; Spence, 
638. 

Remak, Gustav, trans.: Mitchell, 
Vereinigten Staaten, 282; Mitchell, 
View of the world, 332. 

Remak, Stephen S., president Illinois 
Land Company, 545. 

Remarks during a journey, Hodgson, 

159- 
Remarks during a tour, Harris, 117. 
Remarks made on a tour to Prairie du 

Chien, Atwater, 213. 
Remarks on Illinois and Missouri, 

HoUister, 175. 
Remarks on the American universal 

geography. Freeman, 41. 
Remarks on the western states of 

America, 342. 
Remembrancer, Bowman's letter pub- 
lished in, 30, p. 7. 
Reminiscences, see Biographies and 

recollections. 
Reminiscences of Bishop Chase, 295. 
Reminiscences of Bureau County, 

Matson, 721, p. 261. 

Reminiscences of Illinois, Tillson, 155. 

Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, 182. 

Reminiscences of life in the Mississippi 
Valley, Spencer, 166. 

Reminiscences of the Northwest, Mit- 
chell, 267. 

Reminiscences of Wisconson, 261. 



> 



INDEX 



497 



Reminiscences, the slory of an emi- 
grant, Mattson, 500. 
Reply to William Cobbett, Birkbeck, 

134. 
Reponse aux principales questions. 

Bonnet, 39. 
Report of a missionary tour, Mills 
& Smith, 86. 

Report of a geological exploration, 
Owen, 340; Koch copies, 463. 

Report of Israel D. Andrews, 488. 

Report of official proceedings in the 
Illinois, St. Clair, 42. 

Report of the board of trade of Phila- 
delphia, 615. 

Report on Indian affairs, Morse, 161. 

Report on the Illinois, Fraser, 5a. 

Report upon mineral resources of the 
Illinois Central railroad, Foster, 
566. 

Reports, committee on military- 
affairs, 630; committee on public 
lands, 298a; Illinois geological 
survey, 487; railroad: Galena and 
Chicago Union, 428; Great West- 
ern, 506; Illinois Central, 486, 566; 
Illinois Southern, 635. 

Reports respecting mineral deposits in 
Missouri and Illinois, Shepard & 
Shepherd, 354. 

Resources and prospects of America, 
Peto, 657. 

Resources of the United States, Bristed, 
III. 

Review of Basil Hall's travels, 207. 

Revised statutes, see Laws. 

R^voil, Bdn^dict H., Chasses dans 
I'Amerique du Nord, 407; Chasses 
et peches de V autre moyide, 407; 
PSches dans I'Amerique du Nord, 
407 ; Shooting and fishing in North 
America, 407. 

Rey, William, L'Amerique protes- 
tante, 550. 

Reynolds, John, Belleville in Jan- 
uary, 1854, 510; My own times, 57, 



pp. 9, 13; Sketches from Belleville 
to New York, 510. 

Rhodes' Railroad and steamboat 
directory, 578. 

Rice, Col. James M., Peoria city and 
county, 1022. 

Rich, Obadiah, View of the United 
States, 262. 

Richards, Thomas A., American 
scenery, 527; Appleton's Companion 
hand-book, 583; Illustrated hand- 
book of American travel, 583. 

Richardson, George, Going West in 
1820, 163. 

Richardson, Jacob, Journal, 163. 

Richland County, atlas, 1046; bio- 
graphical collection, 1047; direc- 
tory, 1046; histories, 1045, 1047, 
p. 272, n. I ; organization, p. 356. 

Richmond, C. W., County of DuPage, 
788, p. 258; DuPage County, 790, 
p. 262. 

Richmond & Arnold, publ. Bio- 
graphical record of Macoupin 
County, 955, p. 272. 

Ricker, E. S., Lee County, 911. 

Ricordi di un viaggio, Capellini, 640. 

Riise, M. T., trans. Cassell, Amerika 
i vor Tid, 610. 

Riniker, H., New atlas of Madison 
County, 960. 

Risley, Theodore G., Wabash County, 
biographical, 11 13. 

River guide, James, 179. 

River Mississippi, 607. 

Rivers, steamboats, 312, 467, 547; 
described by: Phyn, 16; Wilkins, 
17a; Entick, 20; History of British 
dominions, 24; Jefferson, 32; Nach- 
richten und Erfahrungen, 72; Com- 
pendious gazetteer, 75; Cutler, 77; 
Edwards, 78; Brown, 96; Darby, 
113; Emigrant's guide, 114; History 
of North America, 118; Miller, 124; 
Amphlett, 133; Schmidt, 170; 
Morse, 176; Co7nplete American 



498 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



atlas, 178; Beck, 180; Armroyd, 
189; Coles, 218; Bradford, 285; 
Flagg, 299; Hall, 300; Rupp, 303; 
Illinois in 1837, 313; Peck, 341; 
Chevalier, 351; Manning & Darby, 
379; Allen, 414; Emigrants' hand- 
book, 432; Johnston, 469; Curtiss, 

473; 

guides: Cramer, 59; Gilleland, 
158; Cumings, 179; Conclin, 179; 
W. P. James, 179; Lloyd, 547. 
See also Guides, Internal improve- 
ments. Transportation. 

Road from Detroit to the Illinois, Hay, 
25a. 

Roads, described by: Hay, 25a; 
Edwards, 78; History of North 
America, 118; Miller, 124; Hecke, 
130; Dana, 135, 136; Hewett, 192; 
Flint, 211; Coles, 218; Hall, 228; 
Lyford, 312; Davison, 320; Peck, 
341; Oliver, 375; Disturnell, 413; 
Gorling, 418; Seymour, 454; 
Bowen, 472; Vereinigten Staaten, 
499; Phelps, 509; Ferris, 565; 
Spence, 638. See also Guides, 
Internal improvements, Transpor- 
tation. 

Robertson, James, A few months in 
America, 528. 

"Robins Nest," Chase locates at, 295. 

Robinson, J. W., Railroad and steam- 
boat sketches, 529. 

Rock Island, citizens appeal for 
armory, 624; cut, 518; visited or 
described by: Spencer, 166; Remi- 
niscences of Wisconsin, 261; De- 
scriptive pamphlet, 430; Cunyng- 
hame, 460; Mattson, 500; Turner, 
518; Duvergier de Hauranne, 646. 
See also Fort Armstrong. 

Rock Island County, atlases, 1050, 
1053; biographical collections, 1049, 
1052; directories, 1048, 1053; his- 
tories, 1048, 1051; organization, p. 
357- 



Rock River, described by: Descrip- 
tive pamphlet, 430; Drake, 461; 

Gregory, 543. 
Rock River Country, geology, 613; 

Jones visits, 326. 
Rock Spring, Peck locates at, no. 
Rock Spring Seminary, 225. 
Rockford, Conant resides in, 256a; 

described, 498; Greenough visits, 

394; history, 1151, 1152, p. 273. 
Roding, Carl N., Amerika, 187; /lnj<jr- 

ika im Jahre 1825, 196; Columbus, 

196. 
Rogers, Robert, Concise account of 

North America, 3, p. 7. 
Rogers, Thomas H., Warren County, 

1118. 
Romance of military life, Cooke, 240. 
Ropes, Mrs. Hannah A., Six months 

in Kansas, 551. 
Rosenberg, Charles G., Jenny Lind 

in America, 478. 
Ross, Charles, rev. Cumings, Western 

navigator, 179. 
Ross, George M. von, Das Auswan- 

derers Handbuch, 479. 
Ross, Harvey L., Pioneers and pioneer 

events, 167. 
Ross, Lieut. John, pp. 5, 6. 
Ross, Robert W., Fayette County, 807. 
Rossville, history, 1104. 
Rouby, Jules, Bihliotheque de Vemi- 

grant, 609. 
Routes of the Missouri River, Illinois 

River, and northern lakes, 484. 
Roidledge's American handbook and 

tourists' guide, 530. 
Royal dictionary cyclopedia, Wright, 

639- 
Royal Geographical Society, 462. 
Royalty in the New World, Cornwallis, 

612. 
Rubio, pseudonym of T. H. James, 

395- 
Rupp, Israel D., Geographical cate- 
chism, 303. 



INDEX 



499 



Rushville, described, 229. 
Russell, Robert, North America, 531. 
Russell, Sir William H., Diary, 625. 
Rynning, Ole, Sandfaerdig beretning 
om Amerika, 316, p. 12. 

Sabin, Joseph, Dictionary of books 
relating to America, 1403; referred 
to, 122, 179, 262, 313, 371, 497, 
589, pp. 5, 13. 

St. Charles, directory, 870. 

St. Charles (Mo.), Flint minister at, 

93- 

St. Clair, Arthur, Report of official 
proceedings in the Illinois, 42, p. 7. 

St. Clair County, atlas, 1054; bio- 
graphical collection, 1057; histories, 
1055, 1056, 1058, p. 272, n. I ; Koer- 
ner locates in, 270; "Pattsfield's 
Grove Settlement" in, 495; organ- 
ization, p. 358; Schmolder de- 
scribes, 442 ; counties formed from : 
Madison, p. 336; Monroe, p. 343; 
Randolph, p. 355; Washington, 

P- 373- 
St. Clair Papers, Smith, 37, 42, 1201. 

St. Joseph (Mo.), Philadelphia board 
of trade visits, 615. 

St. Joseph River, proposed canal via, 
99; route via, 25a. 

St. Louis (Mo.), arsenal, 369; com- 
merce, 414; cut, 365; directory, 
3 12; history, 339; newspapers, 12 14; 
routes via, 78, 651; 

visited or described by: Perrault, 
34; Perrin du Lac, 61; Pike, 65; 
Shaw, 84; Long, 100, 144; Peck, 
no; Schoolcraft, 126, 171; Hub- 
bard, 132; Forsyth, 141; James, 
144; Kearny, 160; Childs, 169; 
Blane, 174; Paul Wilhelm, 184; 
Fonda, 191; Lafayette, 193; 
Levasseur, 193; Bernhard, 198; 
Sealsfield, 199; Hall, 207; Sturte- 
vant, 217; Suppiger, 234; [O'] 
Ferrall, 245; Latrobe, 250; Maxi- 



milian, 251; Jacobs, 259; Shir- 
reff, 263; Arends, 266; Post, 268; 
Koerner, 270; Featherstonhaugh, 
273. 293; Hoffman, 274; Koch, 
275; C. A. Murray, 290; Clark, 
294; Flagg, 299; Logan, 301; 
Wood, 304; Wrede, 305; Lenz, 
307; Gerstacker, 311; Lyford, 
312; Wette, 318; Daubeny, 323; 
Jones, 326; Naumann, 346; Mrs. 
Steele, 355; Thomas, 365; Dick- 
ens, 371; Salzbacher, 373; Lewis, 
386; Greenough, 394; James, 395; 
Lanman, 403; Ludvigh, 404; Rau- 
schenbusch, 406; Ziegler, 410; 
Allen, 414; Gorling, 418; French, 
425; Mackay, 426; O'Donovan, 
436; Kelly, 453; Fredrika Bremer, 
459; Quentin, 464; Sullivan, 465; 
Jenny Lind, 478; Rosenberg, 478; 
Froebel, 493; H. A. Murray, 496; 
Reynolds, 510; Robinson, 529; 
Cornwallis, 541; Loher, 548; Rey, 
550; Mrs. Ropes, 551; Pierce, 557; 
Jobson, 568; Kingsford, 579; Isa- 
bella Trotter, 597; United States 
and Canada, 599; Gevers Deynoot, 
603; Macgregor, 605; Prince of 
Wales, 614, 617; Fergusson, 621; 
Ferri-Pisani, 622; Prince Napoleon, 
622; Marshall, 628; Massie, 643; 
Campbell, 645; Duvergier de Hau- 
ranne, 646; Laugel, 649. 

St. Louis republican, 12 14. 

St. Paul (Minn.), visited by: Fred- 
rika Bremer, 459; Curtiss, 473. 

St. Peter's River, exploration, 160, 
183. 

Salem, Onstot resides in, 979; souve- 
nir album, 984. 

Saline County, atlas, 1060; history, 
I059i P- 272, n. i; organization, 

P- 359- 
Saline Creek, 563. 
Saline River, described by: Cramer, 

59; Rafinesque, 125. 



500 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Salines, Loomis visits Vermilion, 
194. See also Mineral resources. 

Salt Creek (Onapischquasippi), Ernst 
describes, 138. 

Salzbacher, Dr. Joseph, Meine Reise 
nach Nord-Amerika, 373. 

Sam Slick, pseudonym of Haliburton, 

380. 

Sammlung neuer Reisebeschreibungen: 
Rogers, Concise account, 3. 

Sanchez de Bustamante, A., geog- 
raphies, 576. 

Sandfaerdig beretning om Amerika, 
Rynning, 316, p. 12. 

Sandusky (O.), Loomis visits, 194. 

San Francisco (Cal.), Greeley visits, 
604. 

Sangamon country, agriculture, 292; 
history, 732, 999, 1075, p. 261; 
Parkinson locates in, 108. 

Sangamon County, atlases, 1062, 
1067 ; biographical collections, 1063, 
1066; Cartwright locates in, 186; 
directories, 1061, 1064; gazetteer, 
1061; histories, 1061, 1063, 1065, 
1068, 1069; organization, p. 360; 
Quaker settlement, 182; counties 
formed from: Christian, p. 287; 
Logan, p. 327; Macon, p. 333; Me- 
nard, p. 342; Morgan, p. 345. 

Sangamon River, Ernst describes, 138. 

Sanglante (Red River of the North), 
Beltrami explores, 181. 

Sargent, C. S., ed. Michaux, Journal, 
44. 

Sauer, William C, & Co., p. 270; 
publ. Illustrated atlas of Boone 
County, 712. 

Sauk Indians, Marston describes, 
161. 

Sault Ste. Marie, route via, 584. 

Savage, Charles C, World geographi- 
cal, historical and statistical, 511. 

Savary des Bruslons, Dictionaire 
universal de commerce, 11. 



Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Duke of, 
Reise, 198. 

Say, T., explorer, 144, 183. 

Scammon, J. Young, Gale's Statutes, 
1301. 

Scates, Walter B., Statutes of Illinois, 
1304. 

Scenes in the army, Cooke, 240. 

Scenes in the region of Ozark Moun- 
tains, Schoolcraft, 126. 

,Schaflfer, D. F., Beschreibung von 
Amerika und West Indien, 58.; 
Weltumsegler, 58. 

Schermerhorn, John F., p. 9; Report 
respecting the Indians, 82 ; View of 
the United States west of the Alle- 
gany Mountains, 82. 

Schilderung des Mississippithales, 
Arends, 266. 

Schlieben, Wilhelm E. A. von, Atlas 
von Amerika, 223. 

Schlozer, August L., ed. Neue Erdbe- 
schreibung, 7. 

Schmidt, Carl, Dies Buch gehort dem 
deutschen Auswanderer, 512. 

Schmidt, Frederich, Versuch iiber den 
politischen Zustand der Vereinigten 
Staaten, 170. 

Schmidt, J. C, Illinois, 343. 

Schmidt, Dr. Otto L., possesses King- 
man, Tour, 327. 

Schmolder, B., Neuer Wegweiser fiir 
Auswanderer, 442, p. 13. 

School geography, Olney, 212. 

Schopf, Johan D., Reise, 36; Travels 
in the Confederation, 36. 

Schoolcraft, Henry R., p. 11; Ameri- 
can Indians, 126; Archives of ab- 
original inhabitants, 13; Character- 
istics of the red race, 126; Indian in 
his wigwam, 126; Information re- 
specting the history of the Indian 
tribes, 13, 34; Journal of travels, 
164; Narrative of an exploratory ex- 
pedition, 164; Oneota, 126; Personal 
memoirs, 126, 164, 171, 287; Red 



INDEX 



SOI 



race of America, 126; Scenes in the 
region of the Ozark Mountains, 126; 
Travels, 171; View of the lead mines 
of Missouri, 126; Western scenes 
and reminiscences, 126; works 
copied, 429. 

Schools, see Education. 

Schulz, Christian, p. 9; Travels, 70. 

Schuyler, Robert, letter to, 477; re- 
port to Illinois Central Railroad 
Company, 486. 

Schuyler County, atlas, 1070; his- 
tories, 1071, 1072, 1073; organiza- 
tion, p. 362; counties formed from: 
Brown, p. 281 ; McDonough, p. 329; 
Mercer, p. 342; Warren, p. 371. 

Scioto (Sioto) River, Hutchins de- 
scribes, 14. 

Scott, James L., Missionary tour, 

374. 

Scott, Joseph, Geographical dictionary 
of the United States, 45; New and 
universal gazetteer, 55; United 
States gazetteer, 45, p. 9. 

Scott, Gen. Winfield, Davis aid-de- 
camp of, 255 

Scott County, atlas, 1074; biographi- 
cal collection, 1077; histories, 1075, 
1076; organization, p. 363. 

Sealsfield, Charles, p. ii; Americans 
as they are, 199; United States as 
they are, 199; Vereinigten Staaten 
von Nord-Amerika, 199. 

Searching the records [of Macoupin 
County], Moran, 954, pp. 273, 274. 

Sears, Robert, Pictorial description 
of the United States, 443. 

Sectional maps of land, Illinois 
Central, 656. 

Selby, Paul, Crawford County, bio- 
graphical, 768; Sangamon County, 
1069. See also. Historical ency- 
clopedia of Illinois, Illinois histori- 
cal. 

Select circulating library: Marry at. 
Diary in America, J2p. 



Selections from letters written during 
a tour, Howitt, 152. 

Settlement of Illinois, Boggess, 1401. 

Settlements, described by: Stoddard, 
80; Melish, 94; Brown, 96; Fearon, 
98; Miller, 124; Warden, 154; 
Blowe, 157; Kearny, 160; Page, 
162; Flint, 211; Maximilian, 251. 

Settler's guide, Spence, 638. 

Settler's new home. Smith, 455, 

Seven years' travel, Froebel, 493. 

Seymour, E. Sanford, Sketches of 
Minnesota, 454. 

Shallenberger, Mrs. E. H., Stark 
County, 1086, p. 262. 

Shaw, J. Henry, Cass County, 734. 

Shaw, James, Twelve years in Ameri- 
ca, 536; American resources, 536. 

Shaw, John, Personal narrative, 84. 

Shawneetown, 563; visited or de- 
scribed by: Schultz, 70; Mills & 
Smith, 86; Flint, 93; Birkbeck, 95; 
Fearon, 98; Peck, no; Harris, 117; 
Nuttall, 124a; Rafinesque, 125; 
Richardson, 163; Schoolcraft, 171; 
Lafayette, 193; Levasseur, 193; 
Sealsfield, 199; Hall, 208; Jacobs, 

259- 

Shawneetown Coal-mining and Man- 
ufacturing Company, charter and 
report on lands, 563. 

Shelby County, atlases, 1078, 1081; 
biographical collections, 1080, 
1082; histories, 1079, 1082, 1083; 
lands in, 538; organization, p. 364; 
counties formed from: Christian, 
p. 287, Macon, p. 333; Moultrie, 
p. 346. 

Shelbyville, Wood visits, 304. 

Shelton, The Trollopiad, 204. 

Shepard, Charles W., Geology of 
Upper Illinois, 330; Reports re- 
specting mineral deposits, 354. 

Shepherd, Forrest, Reports respecting 
mineral deposits, 354. 

Shiloh Hill, history, 1041. 



502 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Shippers' guide, 609, 

Shirreff, Patrick, Tour through North 
America, 263; Smith copies, 455. 

Shooting and fishing in North Ameri- 
'ca, Revoil, 407. 

Short, William F., Morgan County, 
1004. 

Sidons, C, pseudonym of Sealsfield, 
199. 

Sioto (Scioto) River, Hutchins de- 
scribes, 14. 

Sioux Indians, Le Ray captive of, 

77- 
Six months in Kansas, Ropes, 551. 
Six months in the federal states, Dicey, 

631. 

Sketch of the geographical rout of a 
great railway, Redfield, 215. 

Sketches and statistics of Princeton, 
Smith, 718. 

Sketches of a tour to the western coun- 
try, Cuming, 71. 

Sketches of America, Fearon, 98. 

Sketches of Chicago, Field, 296. 

Sketches of Illinois, Mitchell, 313. 

Sketches of Louisiana, Stoddard, 80. 

Sketches of Minnesota, Seymour, 454. 

Sketches of the early settlement of 
Princeton, III., with a sketch of 
Bureau County, 718, p. 258. 

Sketches of the earth, Worcester, 185. 

Sketches of the history of Ogle County, 
Waterbury, 1009, p. 258. 

Sketches of the history of Stephenson 
County, Johnston, 1089, p. 258. 

Sketches of the upper Mississippi, 498. 

Sketches of transatlantic life, Levinge, 

328. 
Sketches, on route from Belleville to 

New York, Reynolds, 510. 

Skinner, John E. Hilary, After the 

storm, 659. 
Skizzen einer Reise, Ziegler, 410. 

Sloan, Wesley, chairman committee 
on geological survey, 487. 



Smith, Daniel, p. 10; Missionary 
tour, 86. 

Smith, George W., History of southern 
Illinois, p. 272 n. i. 

Smith, John Calvin, Complete gazet- 
teer of the United States, 38 1 ; Emi- 
grant's hand-book, 412; Guide for 
travelers, 412; Harper's Statistical 
gazetteer of the world, 552; Illus- 
trated hand-book, 412; Western tour- 
ist, 348. 

Smith, John R., Panorama of the Mis- 
sissippi River, 430. 

Smith, John W., Macon County, 945, 
p. 262. 

Smith, Seraphina G., Recollections of 
the pioneers of Lee County, 912. 

Smith, Sidney, Settler's new home, 

455- 

Smith, William, Collection choise des 
voyages, 193, 207, 321. 

Smith, William H., St. Clair papers, 
37, 42, 1201. 

Smith, William R., Observations on 
the Wisconsin Territory, 317. 

Smith & De Moulin, Illinois state 
business directory, 616. 

Snyder, J. F., Charles Dickens in Illi- 
nois, 371. 

Social conditions, described by: Jen- 
nings, 10; Imlay, 43; Reynolds, 57; 
Cuming, 71; Birkbeck, 95, 105; 
Fearon, 98; Montule, loi; Ford- 
ham, 106; James Flint, 131; 
Wright, 151; John Woods, 153; 
Schmidt, 170; Hollister, 175; Cart- 
wright, 186; Thomas, 200; Mrs. 
Trollope, 204; Hall, 208; Timothy 
Flint, 211; Stuart, 224; Stone, 232; 
Lowig, 260; Julius, 277; Flagg, 299; 
S. Wood, 304; Milburn, 333; Lan- 
man, 353; Bradford, 400; Fredrika 
Bremer, 459; Cunynghame, 460; 
Curtiss, 473; Beste, 489; Kohler, 

495- 
Society in America, Martineau, 302. 



i>i£l 



OF UTAH. 



INDEX 



503 



Soil, described by: Farmar, 5; Fraser, 
5a; Phyn, 16; Wilkins, 17a; Cutler, 
77; Emigrants guide, 114; History 
0} North America, 118; Miller, 124; 
Schmidt, 170; Hall, 233; Lowig, 
260: Rupp, 303; Shepard, 330; 
Grund, 372; Rantoul, 477; Peyton, 
525; Gerhard, 556; Campbell, 562; 
Spence, 638. See also Agriculture, 
Economic resources, Geology, 
Land. 

Solitary rambles of a hunter, Palliser, 

423- 
Southern states, De Bow, 490. 
Souvenirs atlantiques, Pavie, 246. 
Sommer, Johann G., Neustes Cemdlde 

von Amerika, 247. 
Sparks, Edwin E., English settlement 

in the Illinois, 134, 140, 165. 
Sparta, history, T041. 
Spectator: Dicey, Six months in the 

federal states, 631. 
Spence, Thomas, Settler's guide, 638. 

Spencer, J. W., Reminiscences, 166. 

Spensley, William, Jo Daviess County, 
868. 

Sporting adventures in the prairies, 
Palliser, 423. 

Spring, Gardiner, Memoirs of the Rev. 
Samuel J. Mills, 86. 

Springfield, directory, 106 1, 1064; 
history, 1068; railway terminal, 
506; visited or described by: 
Stuart, 224; Bryant, 238; Bromme, 
271; Hoffman, 274; Brunson, 286; 
Clark, 294; Chase, 295, 382; Flagg, 
299; Rupp, 303; Wood, 304; Illi- 
nois in 1837, 313; Mary Parkinson, 
314; Macgregor, 405; Goodrich, 
433 ■ Peyton, 438; Sullivan, 465; 
Phelps, 509; Reynolds, 510; Lange, 
521; Kohl, 546; Taylor, 553; Isa- 
bella Trotter, 597; Berkeley, 601; 
Wills, 626; Marshall, 628; Massie, 
643. 



Squire, B. S., Jr., Map of Illinois, 
303a. 

Standard atlas of county of: Adams, 
704; Bond, 710; Brown, 717; Car- 
roll, 730; Champaign, 744; Chris- 
tian, 748; DeKalb, 776; Edgar, 
799; Edwards, 802; Ford, 810; Ful- 
ton, 818; Grundy, 829; Hamilton, 
831; Henderson, 841; Henry, 848; 
Iroquois, 852; Jackson, 857; Knox, 
887; Lake, 894; La Salle, 904; Lee, 
913; Livingston, 918; Logan, 924; 
Madison, 962; Marshall, 974; Mon- 
roe, 992; Montgomery, 997; Moul- 
trie, 1008; Ogle, 1016; Peoria, 
1020; Piatt, 1028; Pike, 1033; 
Putnam, 1040; Richland, 1046; 
Saline, 1060; Stark, 1088; Taze- 
well, iioo; Union, 1 103; Ver- 
milion, 1 1 08; Warren, 11 19; Wash- 
ington, 1 1 22; Wayne, 1125; White- 
side, 1 134; Will, 1 1 42; Williamson, 
1 1 46; Winnebago, 11 53; Woodford, 

1159- 

Stark County, atlases, 1085, 1088; 
biographical collection, 1086; his- 
tories, 1084, 1086, 1087; organiza- 
tion, p. 365. 

Starr, Merritt, Annotated statutes of 
Illinois, 1309. 

State publications, Bowker, p. 386. 

States and territories of our western 
empire, 582. 

States and territories of the great West, 
Ferris, 565. 

Statistical account of the United States, 
Melish, 87. 

Statistical and chronological view of the 
United States, Bartlett, 257. 

Statistical gazetteer of the world, 
Harper's, Smith, 552. 

Statistical, political, and historical 
account of the United States, War- 
den, 154. 

Statistical view of Illinois, Peyton, 
525- 



S04 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Statistical view of the United States, 

Melish, 87. 
Statistics of the West, Hall, 300, 434. 
Statistik von America, Lips, 209. 
Statutes, see Laws. 
Steamboat directory, Lloyd, 547. 
Steele, Mrs. Eliza R., Journey in the 

West, 355. 
Steele, Oliver G., Emigrants' guide, 

253; Western guide book, 253. 
Steelesville, history, 1041. 
Stein, Christian G. D., Handbuch fiir 

die gebildeten Stdnde, 555. 
Stephenson County, atlases, 1090, 

1094; biographical collection, 1093; 

directory, 544; histories, 1089, 

1091, 1092, 1095; organization, p. 

366. 
Sterling, Captain, p. 6; letters to 

Gage, 4. 
Stevens, W. W., Will County, 1141. 
Stewart, Catherine, New homes in the 

West, 308. 
Stewart, Robert, United States, 513. 
Stirling, James, Letters from the slave 

states, 570. 
Stock-raising, Flower describes, 359. 

See also Agriculture, Economic re- 
sources. 
Stoddard, Amos, Sketches of Louisi- 
ana, 80. 
Stone, Alvan, memoir of, 232, p. 12. 
Storrow, Samuel A., Narrative of a 

tour, 103; Northwest in 1817, 103. 
Strawn, Christopher C, Livingston 

County, 917. 
Streif-und Jadgziige durch dieVereinig- 

ten Staaten, Gerstacker, 311. 
Strickland, W. P., ed. Cartwright, 

Autobiography, 186. 
Stringer, Lawrence B., Logan County, 

925. 

Stuart, James, Three years in North 
America, 224; Smith copies, 455. 

Sturtevant, J. M., Jr., ed. Sturtevant, 
Autobiography, 217. 



Sturtevant, Julian M., Autobiog- 
raphy, 217, p. 13. 
Sullivan, Sir Edward R., Rambles, 

465- 
Summary narrative of an exploratory 

expedition, Schoolcraft, 164. 
Summer in the wilderness, Lanman, 

403. 

Summer on the lakes, Fuller, 378. 

Summers, Thomas O., ed. Pierce, 
Incidents of western travel, 557. 

Suppiger, Joseph, Reisebericht der 
Familie Kopfii und Suppiger, 234. 

Supplementary letter, Birkbeck, 134. 

Susquehanna County (Pa.), British 
Emigrant Society of, 145. 

Swalue, E. B., ed. Brieven door Jona- 
than, 450. 

Swedish settlement. Pine Lake, Wis., 
367. See also Travels, Swedish. 

Swiss colony, New Glarus, Wis., 393. 

System of geography, 66; Bell, 254; 
Tomlins, 291. 

System of internal improvement for the 
West, Tarver, 448. 

System of modern geography, Olney, 
212. 

System of school geography, Goodrich, 
227. 

System of universal geography, Good- 
rich, 256; Malte-Brun, 73. 

Systematic treatise on the diseases of the 
interior valley, Drake, 461. 

Tableau de la situation actuelle des 
^tats-Unis, Morse, 41. 

Tableau du climat et du sol des £,tats- 
Unis, Volney, 49, p. 8. 

Tanner, Henry S., American traveller, 
281; Canals and railroads of the 
United States, 279; Memoir on sur- 
veys and internal improvements, 216. 

Tarver, M., System of internal im- 
provement for the West, 448. 

Taschenbuch fiir Reisende in den 
Vereinigten Staaten, Bromme, 298. 



INDEX 



505 



Taylor, Bayard, p. 11 ; At home and 
abroad, 553. 

Taylor, C. B., Universal history of the 
United States, 264. 

Taylor, G., Voyage to North America, 
19. 

Tazewell County, atlases, 1096, 11 00; 
biographical collection, 1098; de- 
scribed, 592; directory, iioo; his- 
tories, 1097, 1099; organization, 
P- 367; counties formed from: La 
Salle, p. 321; Logan, p. 327; Mc- 
Lean, p. 331 ; Mason, p. 340; Wood- 
ford, p. 381. 

Ten years of preacher-life, Wilburn, 

333- 

Tennessee, visited by: Schultz, 70; 
Sealsfield, 199. 

Terre Haute (Ind.), visited or de- 
scribed by: Woods. 304; Robin- 
son, 529; Pierce, 557. 

Texas, guides, 357, 415, 447; visited 
or described by: Clark, 294; 
Wrede, 305; Hohne, 337; Bromme, 
357; Beyer, 411; Behr, 415; 
Schmolder, 442 ; Witlenborger, 
447; Audubon, 449. 

Thacker, Henry, Muskrat hunting, 
390. 

Things and thoughts in America and 
Europe, Fuller, 378. 

Thomas, Cyrus, 855. 

Thomas, David, Travels through the 
western country, 92. 

Thomas, George F., Railway and 
steam navigation guide, 577. 

Thomas, Joseph, Gazetteer of the 
United States, 501. 

Thomas, Lewis F., Valley of the Mis- 
sissippi, 365, 

Thomas, William, Early times; remi- 
niscences, 200; Winnebago "War" 
of 1827, 200. 

Thompson, letters, 473. 

Thompson, G. A., Dictionary of Amer- 
ica and the West Indies, 81 



Thompson & Everts, p. 260; publ. 

atlas of county of: De Kalb, 771; 

Kane, 871; Stephenson, 1090. 
Thompson Bros. & Burr, 261 ; publ. 

atlas of county of: Du Page, 789; 

Will, 1 135. 
Thomson, Peter G., Bibliography of 

Ohio, 1404. 
Three days at Nauvoo, Caswall, 370. 
Three years in North A merica, Stuart, 

224. 
Thiimmel, A. R., Die Natur tind das 

Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten, 

AAA- 
Thurston, George H., Route book from 

New York to St. Louis, 651. 
Thwaites, Reuben G., Early western 

travels, 1405, i, 44, 71, 89, 115, 120, 

124a, 131, 139, 140, 144, 150, 153, 

165, 172, 251, 299; ed.: Kinzie, 

Waubun, 230; Martin, Narrative, 

210. 
Tilden, M. H., Stephenson County, 

1092. 
Tillson, Christiana H., Reminiscences 

of Illinois, 155. 
Tilson, Colonel John, History of 

Quincy, 705. 
To all those emigrating west, Gregory, 

543. P- 12. 
To emigrants arriving in the eastern 

states, Birkbeck, 134. 
Tomlins, Frederick G., System of 

geography, 29 1. 
Topographical description, Pownall, 

9, 28a, 
Topographical description of Ohio, 

Indiana, and Louisiana, Cutler, 77. 
Topographical description of the west- 

erji territory, Imlay, 14, 43, p. 8. 
Topographical description of Virginia, 

etc., Hutchins, 14, 25, 43, p. 6; 

Cramer copies, 59. 
Toronto, road via, 584. 
Tour beyond the mountains, Flagg, 

299. 



5o6 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Tour from Pennsylvania to Wisconsin, 
Branson, 286. 

Tour in Canada and the States, Mac- 
gregor, 605. 

Tour in the United States and Canada, 
Weld, 532. 

Tour of H. R. H. the Prince of Wales, 
Morgan, 614. 

Tour of Lake Superior and other north- 
ern lakes, Storrow, 103. 

Tour through North America, Shirreflf, 
263. 

Tour through the United States, Harris, 
117. 

Totir through the western country, 
Harding, 129; Ogden copies, 172. 

Tour through the United States and 
Canada, Daubeny, 323. 

Tour through the western states and 
territories, Evans, 115. 

Tour to Illinois and Wisconsin, King- 
man, 327. 

Tour to the western country, Green- 
ough, 394. 

Tourist's guide, Disturnell, 654. 

Tousley, M. G., & Co., Illinois legisla- 
tive manual, 1064; Springfield city 
directory and Sangamon County 
record, 1064. 

Towns, described by: Emigrant's 
guide, 114; F. Schmidt, 170; Morse, 
176; Complete American atlas, 178; 
Beck, 180; Hall, 229; Bradford, 
285; Owen, 340; J. C. Schmidt, 343; 
Norris & Gardiner, 422; Johnston, 
469; Curtiss, 473; Stewart, 513; 
Colby, 540; Illinois Central Rail- 
road pamphlet, 559; Moiling, 581; 
Barber & Howe, 618; Harris, 633; 
Illinois state gazetteer, 648. See 
also Gazetteers, Population, Settle- 
ment. 

Tracey, C. C, Lake County, 895. 

Trade, see Commerce, Fur trade. 

Trade and land speculation, Alvord & 
Carter: Butricke, Affairs at Fort 



Chartres, 18; Clarkson, Diary, 13; 
Gordon, Journal, 9; Jennings, 
Journal, 10; Morgan, Letters and 
journals, 13a; Phyn, Letter, 16; 
Wharton and others. Reasons for a 
British colony, 12; Wilkins, Letter, 
17a. 

Transatlantic sketches, Kelland, 593. 

Transatlantic wanderings, Oldmixon, 

523- 
Transportation, described by: 

Hutchins, 14; Melish, 88; Storrow, 

103; Hall, 300; Ellsworth, 324; 

Dearborn, 331; North American 

tourist, 345; Brief statement, 538; 

Illinois Land Company, 545; New 

World in 1859, 606; Clarke, 619; 

National armory, 624. See also 

Canals, Commerce, Railroads, 

Rivers, Roads. 
Trapper's guide, Newhouse: Thacker, 

Muskrat hunting, 390. 
Travel in the United States, Mackay, 

426. 
Traveller and emigrant's hand-book, 

Hall, 573. 
Traveler's companion, James', Mas- 

sey, 484. 
Traveller's directory for Illinois, Peck, 

341- 
Traveller's directory through the United 

States, Melish, 87, 88. 

Traveller's guide, Davison, 320; 

Morse, 52; Trae, 554; Williams, 

485. 
Travellers guide & emigrants directory, 

303a. 

Traveller's manual and description of 
the United States, Melish, 94. 

Travellers', miners', and emigrants' 
guide. Hall, 655. 

Travels, classification, p. ii; Ameri- 
can: Croghan, i; Gordon, 9; Jen- 
nings, 10; Clarkson, 13, Morgan, 
13a; Kennedy, 25; Bowman, 30; 
G. R, Clark,^ 31; Perrault* 34; 



INDEX 



>o7 



Biggs, 38; Forman, 40; St. Clair, 
42; Ellicott, 50; Austin, 51; Pike, 
65, 168; Schultz, 70; Cuming, 71; 
Melish, 74; Schermerhorn & Mills, 
82; Mills & Smith, 86; Mrs. Lewis, 
90; Thomas, 92; Long, 100, 144, 
183; Storrow, 103; Gershom Flagg, 
109; Evans, 115; Nuttall, 124a; 
Rafinesque, 125; Schoolcraft, 126, 
164, 171; Harding, 129; Forsyth, 
141; James, 144; Wright, 151; 
Kearny, 160; Morse, 161; Rich- 
ardson, 163; Ogden, 172; HoUister, 
175; Keating, 183; Loomis, 194; 
Reed, 195; Atwater, 213; Conkey, 
220; Mrs. Kinzie, 230; Bryant, 
238, 401; Cooke, 240; Hoskins, 
243; Hall sisters, 244; WhitUesey, 
248; Jacobs, 259; Hoffman, 274; 
Parker, 276; Brunson, 286; Gil- 
man, 287; E. T. Flagg, 299; Cather- 
ine Stewart, 308; J. A. Clark, 310; 
Mary Parkinson, 314; W. R. Smith, 
317; Henshaw, 325; Jones, 326; 
Kingman, 327; Milburn, 333; 
Bailey, 334; Wilkey, 344; Mrs. 
Steele, 355; Eliza Farnham, 356; 
Manford, 358; Scott, 374; Iowa 
band, 377; Margaret Fuller 378; 
Chase, 382; Thacker, 390; Green- 
ough, 394; Lanman, 403; Mrs. 
Geer, 417; Paulding, 437; Audu- 
bon, 449; Seymour, 454; Davis, 
474; Mrs. Ellet, 491; Sketches of the 
upper Mississippi, 498; Reynolds, 
510; Lilian Foster, 534; Mrs. 
Ropes, 551; Taylor, 553; Pierce, 
557; Andrews, 560; Life in Illinois, 
595; Greeley, 604; Eby, 620; Wills, 
626; Marshall, 628; Hewitt, 634; 
Barnes, 653; 

Canadian: Kingsford, 579; Mor- 
gan, 614; Woods, 617; 

Danish: Cassell, 610; 

Dutch: Brieven uit en over de 



Vereenigde Staten, 450; Hospers, 
451; Gevers Deynoot, 603; 

English: Eidington, 2; Thomas 
Sterling, 4; Farmar, 5; Eraser, 
5a; Phyn, 16; Butricke, 18; Tay- 
lor, 19; Harmar, 37; Baily, 52; 
Ashe, 68; Bradbury, 89; Birk- 
beck, 95; Fearon, 98; Palmer, 
102; Fordham, 106; Harris, 117; 
Hulme, 120; Fanny Wright, 137; 
Faux, 139; Flower, 140; Welby, 
150; Howitt, 152; Hodgson, 159; 
Blane, 174; Frances Trollope, 204; 
English party's excursion, 206; 
Hall, 207; Tudor, 231; True picture 
of emigration, 235; Latrobe, 250; 
Featherstonhaugh, 273, 293; Cox 
& Hoby, 288; C. A. Murray, 290; 
Harriet Martineau, 302; Wood, 
304; Daubeny, 323; Marryat, 329; 
Buckingham, 350; Caswall, 370; 
Dickens, 371; Oliver, 375; James, 
395; Palliser, 423; Mrs. Houstoun, 
452; Kelly, 453; Cunynghame, 
460; Watkin, 480; H. A. Murray, 
496; Mrs. Bishop, 517; Oldmixon, 
523; Oliphant, 524; Robertson, 
528; Weld, 532; Hancock, 533; 
Shaw, 536; Cornwallis, 541, 612; 
Ferguson, 542; A. M. Murray, 549; 
Jobson, 568; James Stirling, 570; 
Ashworth, 585; Caird, 587; Isa- 
bella Trotter, 597; Berkeley, 601; 
Prince of Wales, 611, 612, 614, 617; 
Russell, 625; Anthony Trollope, 
627; Dicey, 631; Massie, 643; 
Barrett, 644; Peto, 657; Skinner, 

659; 

French: Michaux, 44; CoUot, 48; 
Perrin du Lac, 61; Montuld, loi; 
Lafayette, 190, 193; Levasseur, 
193; Pavie, 246; Castelnau, 321; 
R6voil, 407; Ampere, 470; Rey, 
550; Prince Napoleon, 622; Ferri- 
Pisani, 622; Duvergier de Hau- 
ranne, 646; Laugel, 649; 



5o8 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



German: Schopf, 36; Buechler, 
97; Hecke, 130; Ernst, 138; Page, 
162; Schmidt, 170; Paul Wilhelm, 
184; Duden, 188; Bernhard, 198; 
Sealsfield, 199; Maximilian, 251; 
Arends, 266; Bromme, 271; Louis 
Koch, 275; Julius, 277; Wrede, 
305; Lenz, 307; Gerstacker, 311; 
Wette, 318; Clara von Gerstner, 
335; Hohne, 337; Naumann, 346; 
Salzbacher, 373; Raumer, 389; 
A. C. Koch, 391; Ludvigh, 404; 
Rauschenbusch, 406; Ziegler, 410; 
Gorling, 418; Menzel, 457; C. L. 
Koch, 463; Quentin, 464; Busch, 
482; Jorg, 483; Froebel, 493; 
Wagner, 514; Warnefried, 515; 
Bosshard, 516; Kohl, 546; Loher, 
548; Moiling, 581. 

Irish: [O'] Ferrall, 245; O'Dono- 
van, 436; Casey, 456; Sullivan, 465; 

Italian: Beltrami, 181; Capellini, 
640; 

Norwegian : Rynning, 316; Reier- 
son, 383; Dietrichson, 398; 

Scotch: Flint, 131; Stuart, 224; 
Shirreff, 263; Logan, 301; Earl of 
Carlisle, 362; Lewis, 386; Play- 
fair, 424; Mackay, 426; Mackin- 
non, 475; Russell, 531; Kelland, 
593; Macgregor, 605; Fergusson, 
621; Campbell, 645; 

Swedish: Unonius, 367; Fredrika 
Bremer, 459; Jenny Lind, 478; 

Swiss: Kopfli & Suppiger, 234; 
Duerst, 393. 
Travels in America, Ashe, 68. 

Travels in America by the Earl of 
Carlisle, Howard, 362. 

Travels in North America, Murray, 

290. 
Travels in North A merica from modern 

writers, Bingley, 168. 

Travels in North America in 1827 and 
J828, Hall, 207. 



Travels in North and South America, 
Goodrich, 433. 

Travels in the central portion of Mis- 
sissippi Valley, Schoolcraft, 171. 

Travels in the Confederation, Schopf, 

36. 

Travels in the interior of North Amer- 
ica, Bradbury, 89. 
Travels in the United States, Melish, 

74- 

Travels in the West, Houstoun, 452. 

Travels in western America, Parkin- 
son, 314. 

Travels on an inland voyage, Schultz, 
70. 

Travels through the United States and 
Canada, Blane, 174. 

Travels through the western country, 
Thomas, 92. 

Traylor, Jacob L., Montgomery Coun- 
ty, 996. 

Treasury of geography. Maunder & 
Hughes, 569. 

Treat, Samuel H., Statutes of Illinois, 
1304. 

Tremont, Jones visits, 326. 

Trip from Pennsylvania to Illinois, 
Davis, 474. 

Trip through the lakes of North Amer- 
ica, Disturnell, 584. 

Trip to the United States and Canada, 
Watkin, 480. 

Trip to the West and Texas, Parker, 
276. 

TroUope, Anthony, North America, 
627. 

Trollope, Frances M., Domestic man- 
ners of the Americans, 204, 207, 231. 

Trotter, Isabella, First impressions of 
the New World, 597. 

Troy, history, 957. 

Troy (N.Y.), routes via, 385. 

True, J. P., Travelers' guide, 554. 

True American types: Collyer, Au- 
gustus Conant, 256a. 

True picture of emigration, 235. 



INDEX 



509 



Truman Marcellus Post, a biography, 
Post, 268. 

Tucker, George, Geography of Ameri- 
ca and the West Indies, 366. 

Tuckerman, Henry T., America and 
her commentators, 1406. 

Tudor, Henry, Narrative of a tour, 231. 

Turner, Jonathan B., biography, 265, 

P- 13- 

Turner, L. C, sketch and cut of Rock 

Island, 518. 
Turnpikes, see Roads. 
Twelve years in America, Shaw, 536. 
20th century atlas of DuPage County, 

793. 

20th century atlas of Kane County, 876. 

Twenty-five years in the West, Man- 
ford, 358. 

Twenty-third Illinois Regiment, 
Marshall enlists in, 628. 

Two lectures, Howard, 362. 

Two years on the farm of Uncle Sam, 
Casey, 456. 

Two years' residence on the English 
prairie, Woods, 153. 

Underground railroad, Coffin reputed 
president of, 182; station on, 595. 

Underwood, W. H., Statutes of Illi- 
nois, 1306. 

Union County, Alexander County 
formed from, p. 278; atlases, iioi, 
1 103; history, 1102, p. 272, n. i; 
organization, p. 369. 

Unit books: Trollope, Domestic man- 
ners, 204. 

United States, see Gazetteers, Geog- 
raphies, Guides. 

United States (map), Mitchell, 324. 

United States and Canada, 599. 

United States as they are, Sealsfield, 
199. 

United States gazetteer, Scott, 45, p. 9. 

United States illustrated, Dana, 518. 

United States post-office guide, Bowen, 
472. 



United States railroad directory, Ho- 

mans, 567. 
United States, their climate, etc., 

Stewart, 513. 
United States, their history, etc., Mur- 
ray, 387. 
Universal dictionary of trade and 

commerce, Postlethwayt, 11. 
Universal gazetteer, Baldwin, 399; 

Worcester, 104. 
Universal gazetteer of the eastern and 

western continents, Morse, 53. 
Universal geography, Malte-Brun, 73. 
Universal history of United States, 

Taylor, 264. 
Universal illustrated atlas, Bradford, 

285. 
University of Illinois Library, county 

histories in, p. 275. 
Universums neue Welt, Bromme, 319. 
Unonius, Gustaf E. M., Minnen, 367. 
Upper Alton, history, 957. See also 

Alton. 
Upper lakes of North America, Dis- 

turnell, 584. 

Vacation tour in United States and 

Canada, Weld, 532 
Vallette, H. F., Du Page County, 788, 

p. 258. 
Valley City, 235. 
Valley of the lakes, Haskins, 420. 
Vfilley of the Mississippi, 225. 
Valley of the Mississippi and customs 

of the Indians, Douglas, 589. 

Valley of the Mississippi illustrated, 

Thomas, 365. 
Valley of the upper Wabash, Ellsworth, 

324- 
Vandalia, 954; German immigration 

to, 138; visited or described by: 

Ernst, 138; Loomis, 194; Stuart, 

224; Hall, 229; Bromme, 271; 

Rupp, 303; Illinois in 1837, 313; 

Mitchell, 332; Oliver, 375. 



5IO 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Van Der Zee, Jacob, trans, Hospers, 

Diary, 451. 
Van Tramp, John C, Prairie and 

Rocky Mountain adventures, 660. 
Van Zandt, Nicholas B., p. 12; 

Description of the military lands, 

127. 
Veiviser jor norske emigranter, Reier- 

son, 283, p. 12. 
Vendetta, in Williamson County, 

1 143, p. 262. 
Vereinigten Staaten, Menzel, 457; 

Mitchell, 282, Raumer, 389; Seals- 
field, 199; Weichardt, 446. 
Vereinigten Staaten im Jahre 1^52,499. 
Vermilion County, atlases, 1105, 

1 108, mo; biographical collec- 
tion, 1 1 07; directories, 1104, 11 08; 

histories, 1 104, 1 106, 1 109, iiii; 

organization, p. 369; counties 

formed from: Champaign, p. 285; 

Ford, p. 301; Iroquois, p. 311; 

Kankakee, p. 317; Livingston, 

p. 326; Will, p. 376. 
Vermilion salines, Loomis visits, 194. 
Vermont, emigration from, 109. 
Versuch iiber den politischen Zustand 

der Vereinigten Staaten, Schmidt, 

170. 
Vevay (New-vevay), Ind., Buechler 

visits, 97. 
View of the American people, Bristed, 

III. 
View of the lead mines of Missouri, 

Schoolcraft, 126. 
View of the present state of world, 

Morse, 176; Olney, 212. 
View of the valley of the Mississippi, 

Bache, 249. 
View of the United States, Darby, 
■ -205, 233; Hay ward, 242; Hildreth, 

226. 
View of the United States west of the 

Allegany Mountains, Schermer- 

hom, 82. 
View of the world, Mitchell, 332. . . 



Views of society and manners in 
America, D'Arusmont, 137; B. 
Flower copies, 165. 
Villard, Henry, Memoirs, 535. 
Vincennes, proposed railroad ter- 
minus, 635 ; road via, 25a; visited or 
described by: Croghan, i; Clark, 
30; Harmar, 37; Biggs, 38; Mi- 
chaux, 44; Volney, 48, p. 8; Schultz, 
70; Wright, 151; Blane, 174; 
Jacobs, 259; Bromme, 271; Feath- 
erstonhaugh, 273; Gerstacker, 311; 
Wette, 318; Salzbacher, 373; 
Lewis, 386; Ziegler, 410; Isabella 
Trotter, 597; Gevers Deynoot, 
603; Philadelphia board of trade, 
615; Laugel, 649. 
Vincennes land district, map, 92. 
Virginia, visited or described by: 
Hutchins, 14; Jefferson, 32; Aus- 
tin, 51; Birkbeck, 95; Fordham, 
106. 
Virginia (111.). Illinois River railroad 

report describes, 592. 
Visit of Alfred Tennyson Dickens to 

Illinois, Perrin, 371. 
Visit of Alfred Tennyson Dickens to 
Lebanon, Belleville and East St. 
Louis, Johnston, 371. 
Visit of His Royal Highness, Chau- 

veau, 611. 
Visit to North America, Welby, 150. 
Voice from the West, Jacobs, 259. 
Volney, Constantin F., CEuvres, 49; 

Tableau des £iats- Unis, 49, p. 8. 
Volume of the world, Prescott, 497. 
Voters and tax-payers of Bur edit 

County, 723. 
Voters and taxpayers of De KaO> 
County, 772, p. 263. iVi 

Voyage aux JEtats-Unis, Martineaii, 

302. 
Voyage dans' VAmerigue Septentrio- 
nale, Collot, 48. . -..'w 

Voyage dans les deux Louisianes, 
Perrin du Lac, 61. 



INDEX 



511 



Voyage du General Lafayette, Bar- 
baroux & Lardier, 190. 

Voyage en Amerique, Montul^, loi. 

Voyage to North A merica and the West 
Indies, Montul^, 101. 

Voyage to North America, Taylor, 19. 

Voyage to the Falls of Saint Anthony, 
Long, 100. 

Voyage up the Minnay Sotor, Feather- 
stonhaugh, 293. 

Vue de la colonic espagnole du Mis- 
sissippi, Berquin-Duvallon, 60. 

Vues et souvenirs de I' Amerique du 
Nord, Castelnau, 321. 

Wahash, The, Beste, 489. 

Wabash country, Ellsworth describes, 
324; map, 92; Thomas explores, 92. 

Wabash County, biographical col- 
lection, 1 1 13; history, 11 12, 
p. 272, n. i; organization, p. 371. 

Wabash railroad (Great Western), 506. 

Wabash River, map, 92; toured or 
described by: Hutchins, 14; Pow- 
nall, 28a; Collot, 48; Cramer, 59; 
Melish, 79; Rafinesque, 125; 
Schoolcraft, 171; Loomis, 194; 
Bell, 254. 

Wagner, Moritz, Reisen, 514. 

Wahn und Ueberzeugung, Hohne, 

337. 

Waldie, Select circulating library, 329. 

Waldo, H. H., Rockford and Winne- 
bago County, 1152. 

Walker, C, & Co., p. 263; publ. Bio- 
graphical directory of McHenry 
County, 932. 

Walker, Charles A., Macoupin Coun- 
ty, 956. 

Wall, John A., Jefferson County, 861. 

Wallace, Joseph, Springfield and 
Sangamon County, 1068. 

Wanborough, 152. See also Albion, 
English settlement. 

Wanderungen zwischen Hudson und 
Mississippi, Busch, 482. , 



Wante, Memoires sur la Louisiane, 
62. 

Wappaus, Dr. J. E., Handbuch der 
Geographic und Statistik, 555. 

Warden, David B., Account of the 
United States, 154. 

Waring, William, Poor Will's Al- 
manack, 25. 

Warnefried, Karl B. A., Pilgerfahrt 
nach den Vereinigten Staaten, 515. 

Warner, I. W., Immigrant's guide, 

445- 

Warner (Warner & Beers, Warner & 
Higgins, Warner, Higgins & Beers), 
pp. 260, 261 ; publ. atlas of county 
of: Bureau, 722; DeWitt, 778; 
Edgar, 795; Grundy, 825; Henry, 
843; LaSalle, 897; McLean, 937; 
Macon, 944; Macoupin, 950; Mar- 
shall, 970; Moultrie, 1005; Piatt, 
1025; St. Clair, 1054; Shelby, 1078; 
Stark, 1085; Warren, 1114; White- 
side, 1 128; Winnebago, 1147; 
Woodford, 11 54. 

Warren (Pa.), Loomis visits, 194. 

Warren County, atlases, 11 14, 1 117, 
1 1 19; biographical collection, 1 1 16; 
directories, 11 15, 11 19; Henderson 
County formed from, p. 308; his- 
tories, 1 1 15, 1 1 18; organization, 

P- 371- 

Warrenville, Kingman visits, 327. 

Warsaw, 127. 

Washburn, E. B., ed. Flower, Eng- 
lish settlement, 800. 

Washington (D. C), Atwater visits, 
213; Davis in, 255. 

Washington County, atlas, 11 22; 
biographical collection, 1121; Clin- 
ton County formed from, p. 289; 
history, 1 120, p. 272, n. i ; organiza- 
tion, p. 373. 

Waterbury, Sketches of Ogle County, 
1009. 

Waterman, A. N., Chicago and Cook 
County, 765. 



512 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Watkin, Edward W., Trip to the 
United States and Canada, 480. 

Waubun, Kinzie, 230. 

Wayne County, atlases, 1123, 1125; 
directory, 1125; history, 1124, 
p. 272, n. i; organization, p. 373; 
counties formed from: Clay, 
p. 289; Fayette, p. 300. 

Wayside glimpses, Foster, 534. 

Weawes town (Ouiatanon), i, 253,38. 

Webster, James, ed. Entick, Histori- 
cal description of the British empire, 
20. 

Wegweiser fiir A uswanderer, Schmol- 
der, 442, p. 13. 

Wegweiser fiir Einwanderer und Rei- 
sende, Bromme, 357. 

Wegwijzer en Raadgever voor Land- 
verhuizers, 408. 

Weichardt, Karl, Vereinigten Staaten, 
446. 

Weiland, C. F., Atlas von Amerika, 
178. 

Welby, Adlard, Visit to North Amer- 
ica, 117, 150, p. II. 

Weld, Charles R., Tour in the United 
States and Canada, 532. 

Wells, William F., Western scenery, 
481. 

Weltkunde, Die, Harnisch & Heinzle- 
mann: Weichardt, Vereingten 
Staaten, 446. 

Weltumsegler, Der, Schaffer, 58. 

West, Edward W., St. Clair County, 

1055- 
West, see Gazetteers, Geographies, 

Guides. 

West Chester (Pa.) village record, 145. 

West Florida, visited or described 
by: Present sate of the British 
Empire, 17; Entick, 20; Wynne, 
21; Cuming, 71. 

West Indies, visited or described by: 
Wynne, 21; North American and 
West Indian gazetteer, 28; Winter- 
botham, 46; Thompson, 81; 



Buechler, 97; Complete American 
atlas, 178; Davenport, 252; Logan, 
301; Long, 366; Ziegler, 410. 

West, its commerce and navigation, 
Hall, 434. 

West, its soil, surface, and produc- 
tions. Hall, 300. 

Westens der Vereinigten Staaten, 
Arends, 266. 

Western address directory, Lyford, 312. 

Western Baptist Educational Asso- 
ciation, Jacob's report to, 259. 

Western emigration, 344. 

Western gazetteer. Brown, 96, p. 10; 
Palmer copies, 102. 

Western Historical Co., p. 263; 
publ. Stephenson County, 1092. 

Western journal (Tarver & Risk's): 
Allen, Commerce and navigation of 
the Mississippi, 414; Prout, Geology 
of the valley of the Mississippi, 441 ; 
Tarver, Internal improvement for 
the West, 448. 

Western monthly magazine (Hall's): 
Hall, Notes on Illinois, 233; Young, 
Military bounty lands, 306. 

Western monthly review (Flint's): 
prospectus of Flint, Geography, 211. 

Western Navigator, Cumings, 59, 
179; Bernhard copies, 198. 

Western pilot, Cumings, 59, 179. 

Western portraiture, Curtiss, 473, p- 12. 

Western review: Rafinesque, Ich- 
thyologia Ohiensis, 125. 

Western scenery. Wells, 481. 

Western scenes and reminiscences, 
Schoolcraft, 126. 

Western souvenir, Hall, 179. 

Western tourist, Colton, 348; Smith, 

348. 

Western traveller, Disturnell, 385. 

Western wilds of America, Regan, 376. 

Western world, Mackay, 426. 

Wette, Ludwig de, Reise, 318. 

Wharton, Samuel, member Phil- 
adelphia trading firm, 13, 13a; 



INDEX 



S^Z 



Reasons for establishing a British 

colony, 12. 
Wheeling (Va.), directory, 312. 
Whether to go, and whither. Smith, 

455- 
Whig journal: Haskins, Valley of 

lakes, 420. 

White County, atlas, 1127; history, 
1 126, p. 272, n. i; organization, 
p. 374; counties formed from : Frank- 
lin, p. 302; Hamilton, p. 306; 
Jefferson, p. 313. 

Whiteside County, atlases, 1128, 
1 131, 1 134; biographical collec- 
tions, 1 1 30, 1 132; directory, 11 34; 
geology, 613; Gregory describes, 
543; histories, 1129, 1 133; organi- 
zation, p. 375. 

Whiteside's Station, Austin visits, 51. 

Whiting, Samuel, ed. Hodgson, 
Letters, 159. 

Whittlesey, Charles, Recollections of 
a tour, 248. 

Wied-Neuwied, Prince of, Reise, 251. 

Wilcox, J. F., Historical souvenir of 
Williamson County, 1145, p- 273. 

Wilcox, Gen. John S., Kane County, 

877. 
Wild, J. C, Valley of the Mississippi, 

lithographed by, 365. 
Wild sports in the far West, Ger- 

stacker, 311. 
Wilder, publ. Shelby County, 1082, 

P- 273- 
Wilderman, A. A., St. Clair County, 

1058. 
Wilderman, A. S., St. Clair County, 

1058. 
Wilderness trail, Hanna, 9. 
Wiley, John, Emigrants' guide, 397. 
Wiley and Putnam's Emigrants' 

guide, 397. 
Wilkey, Maj. Walter, pseudonym, 

344- 

Wilkins, Lieut. Col. John, Extract of 

letter to the secretary of war, 17a. 



Will County, atlases, 1135, 1140, 
1 142; biographical collections, 
1 139, 1140a; directory, 1142, 
p. 259, n. l; histories, 1136, 1137, 
1 138, 1 141; Kankakee County 
formed from, p. 317; organization, 
P- 376. 

Will County Pioneers Association, 
1141. 

Williams, Wellington, Appleton's new 
and complete United States guide, 
466; Appleton's northern and east- 
ern travellers' guide, 427; Appleton's 
railroad and steamboat companion, 
427; Appleton's southern and west- 
ern travellers' guide, 466; Travellers' 
and tourists' guide, 485. 

Williamson County, atlas, 1146; his- 
tories, 1 143, 1 144, 1145, p. 272, 
n. I ; organization, p. 378. 

Wills, Charles W., Army life of an 
Illinois soldier, 626. 

Wilson, Charles E., Coles County, 
760. 

Winnebago County, atlases, 1147, 
1 149, 1 1 53; biographical collection, 
1 150; directory, 11 48; histories, 
1 148, 1 15 1, 1 1 52; organization, 
P- 379; counties formed from: 
Boone, p. 278; Stephenson, p, 366. 

Winnebago War, 200, 933. 

Winsor, Justin, Narrative and critical 
history of America, 1407. 

Winter in the West, Hoffman, 274. 

Winterbotham, William, America, 
46; American atlas, 46; View of the 
United States, 46. 

Wisconsin, guides, 348, 388, 408, 
432, 554. 565. 572. 573; mineral 
regions, 1 77, 293, 463; visited or 
described by: Parkinson, 108; 
Childs, 169; Fonda, 191; Peck, 
236; Whittlesey, 248; Reminis- 
cences, 261; Hoffman, 274; Bran- 
son, 286; Smith, 317; Castelnau, 
321; Kingman, 327; Owen, 340; 



514 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



Western tourist, 348; Grand, 372; 
Scott, 374; Newhall, 388; Dietrich- 
son, 398; Wegwijzer, 408; Ziegler, 
410; Emigrant's handbook, 432; 
Schmolder, 442 ; Quentin, 464;Cur- 
tiss, 473; Hancock, 533; Trae, 554; 
Ferris, 565; Ensign, Bridgman, & 
Fanning, 572; Hall, 573. 

Wisconsin historical collections: Bran- 
son, Tour, 286; Butricke, Letters, 
18; Childs, Recollections, 169; 
Duerst, Diary, 393; Fonda, Early 
Wisconsin, 191; Forsyth, Journal, 
141; Martin, Narrative, 210; Meek- 
er, Lead region, 177; Parkinson, 
Pioneer life, 108; Reminiscences of 
Wisconsin, 261; Shaw, Personal 
narrative, 84; Storrow, Northwest in 
18 17, 103; Whittlesey, Recollec- 
tions, 248. 

Wisconsin Historical Society, Pro- 
ceedings: Mitchell, Reminiscences, 
267. 

Wisconsin Historical Society Library, 
county histories in, p. 275. 

Witlenborger, J., Rathgeher fiir Aus- 
wanderer, 447. 

Wood, Rev. S., Letters from the 
United States, 304, p. 12. 

Woodford County, atlases, 11 54, 
1 1 58; biographical collections, 
1156, 1 157; directories, 1155, 1158; 
history, 1155; organization, p. 381. 

Woodruff, George H., Fifteen years 
(igo, ii37> P- 262; Forty years ago, 
1 136, p. 261; Will County, 1 138. 

Woods, John, Two years' residence on 
the English prairie, 153. 

Woods, Nicholas A., Prince of Wales 
in Canada and United States, 617. 

Worcester, Joseph E., Elements of 
geography, 185; Gazetteer of the 
United States, 104; Geographical 
dictionary, 104; Sketches of the 
earth, 185; Universal gazetteer, 104. 

Works, CoUyer, 256a. 



World as it is, Perkins, 315. 

World as it is and as it has been, 

Goodrich, 227. 
World, geographical, historical, and 

statistical. Savage, 511. 
World in miniature, Colby, 574. 
World Publishing Co., p. 266; publ. 

Bureau County, 724. 
Worthen, A. H., director of geological 

survey, 847. 
Wrede, Friedrich W. von, Lebensbil- 

der aus den Vereinigten Staaten,2,o^. 
Wright, David, Memoir of Alvan 

Stone, 232. 
Wright, Fanny, Views of society and 

manners, 137. 
Wright, John S., p. 11; Letters from 

the West, 151. 
Wright, Thomas, Royal dictionary- 

cyclopcBdia, 639. 
Writings, Atwater, 213; Jefferson, 32. 
Wurttemberg, Duke of, Reise, 184, 

p. II. 
Wynkoop, Archimedes B., reputed 

author, 889, p. 258. 
Wynne, John H., General history of 

the British empire in America, 21. 
Wyse, Francis, America; its realities 

and resources, 409. 

Year's residence in the United States, 
Cobbett, 112, 120. 

Yorkshiremen, colony at Jackson- 
ville, 362. 

Young, Brigham, biography, 197. 

Young, Richard M., Military bounty 
lands, 306. 

Zanesville (O.), directory, 312; 

Loomis visits, 194. 
Zender, Joachim D. L., Guide des 

Etats-Unis, 598. 
Ziegler, Alexander, Der Geleitsmann, 

571; Reis door de Vereenigde 

Staten, 410; Skizzen einer Reise, 

410. 



N 



,_^. 



tfj