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Full text of "Treasures at Butler University: Some Special Collections at Butler University"

Treasures at Butler University 







{' 







Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/treasuresatbutleOOrich 



Treasures at Butler University 



Hugh Thomas Miller Rare Book Room 
Occasional Publication 



Cover: Manuscript painting on paper with Sanscrit text. India, 19th century. 



Ornlthologlac Lib. 1 1, 



zoi 







Aldrovandi: Eagle. Page 7, no. 5. 



Treasures at Butler University 



Some Special Collections in the 
University Libraries 



A Catalogue, 

prepared by Richard A. Davis, 
edited by Gisela Terrell 



The Irwin Library 

Butler University 

Indianapolis, Indiana 

1986 



Table of Contents 

Page 

Introduction: Special Collections at Butler University 1 

I. The Jeanette Siron Pelton Botanical Print Collection 2 

II. Zoological Prints 7 

III. The Clyde L. Clark Memorial 10 

IV. Portraits of Authors 11 

V. Prints from Alexander Wilson's Copper Plates 12 

VI. Manuscript Specimens 13 

VII. Piranesi Engravings of Latin Epigraphs 14 

VIII. Tibetan Woodblock Prints 15 

IX. Scholars and Characters 17 

X. Donors and Benefactors 18 

Index 20 




Chinese Scroll (R.A. Davis, Warren Andrew, William S. Dawn). Page 13, no. 10. 



Introduction: Special Collections 
AT Butler University 



On April 30, 1877, David Starr Jordan, professor of natural 
history at Butler University, presented a collection of preserved 
fishes to the University Cabinet. Shortly after the announce- 
ment of this gift the Board of Directors conferred upon Professor 
Jordan the honorary degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Dr. Jordan 
went on to become the first president of Stanford University. 

This auspicious beginning did not produce many progeny. 
In fact, it remained the only gift of a special collection to the 
University, of which there is a record, until the year 1925 when 
the Charles W. Moores collection of Lincoln material was 
acquired. Six years later, in 1931, the William F. Charters collec- 
tion of books about the South Sea Islands was given to the 
University, and it remains today one of the largest and most 
important single gifts yet received by the Butler University 
libraries. 

From 1931 until the Irwin Library was opened for service in 
1963, no special collections were acquired. New libraries seem to 
inspire donors, and the first gift to the Irwin Library was the Kin 
Hubbard-Gaar Williams collection of original art, books, manu- 
scripts, and memorabilia given by Blanche Stillson in 1964. 

The construction of the Hugh Thomas Miller Rare Book 
Room, which was dedicated on November 20, 1971, provided 
proper housing for library special collections for the first time in 
the history of Butler University. Joan Morris was appointed Rare 
Books Librarian in 1970 and served in that capacity until August 
1974, when support funds ran out. Significant publicity in the 
form of press and television coverage, plus potential donor 
cultivation, focused public attention upon the collections during 
this period. 

Another important series of events were the sales of 
original old master prints held in the Rare Book Room in 1972, 
1973, and 1974. Mr. Percy Simmons, Honorary French Consul for 
Indianapolis, personally selected the prints from collections in 
London and Paris. These sales made it possible for students, 
faculty, and the general public to acquire original works of art at 
very low cost. The proceeds from these sales were used to buy 
suppUes for the Rare Book Room. 

During its first four years, the new facility saw the 
acquisition and donation of a wide variety of special collections. 
However, accompanying this largesse was an enormous 
increase in problems and responsibilities for the care, 
cataloguing, and maintenance of this material. Lack of support 
funds brought a temporary halt to Rare Book Room activities in 
August 1974. 



Proof of the powerful stimulus which special collections can 
exert upon a trained mind came in the form of a visit to the Rare 
Book Room in 1977 by Harrison Eiteljorg, local businessman, art 
collector, and chairman of the Board of the Indianapolis 
Museum of Art. The Charters South Seas Collection so 
impressed him that a year later, in May 1978, he presented 
Butler University with the Eiteljorg Gallery of Ethnographic Art. 

In 1979, the Rare Book Room received a substantial legacy 
from the estate of Blanche Stillson. A search was immediately 
begun for a qualified person to manage the neglected collec- 
tions. By great good fortune Gisela Terrell, formerly Gisela 
Hersch, cataloguer at the Lilly Library of Indiana University was 
available and was appointed Rare Books Librarian in January 
1980. Her knowledge, experience, enthusiasm, concern for 
engaging student and faculty interest, plus boundless energy 
have permeated into every corner of the University and far 
beyond. In a word, library special collections have been infused 
with new and vital meaning for Butler University, the larger 
community, and the world of learning. 
Richard A. Davis 
Associate Librarian 1967-1968 
University Librarian 1968-1984 



NOTE: The collections featured in this catalogue deal primarily 
with visual materials. The following collections have 
already appeared in printed form: the Gaar Williams 
Collection; the William F. Charters South Seas Collection 
(an introductory pamphlet); parts of the Charles W. 
Moores Lincoln Collection. Other collections of note to 
be dealt with in the future are the Kin Hubbard Collec- 
tion, the Alice B. Wesenberg Collection of Modern 
American Poetry, donated by Dr. Allegra Stewart in 1975 
and supplemented by her in 1981 with Wesenberg's 
private papers and correspondence, and foremost the 
Harold E. Johnson Sibelius Collection, received in 1982- 
1984, the largest and most important Sibelius collection 
outside Finland. 

Important collections in the branch libraries are the Stitt 
collection of popular sheet music, the Wesler collection 
of recordings, and the Broude collection of romantic 
music in the Music and Fine Arts Library; the John 
Potzger papers in the Science Library. 









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Taliput palm leaf manuscript. Page 13, no. IIA. 



The Jeanette Siron Pelton 
Botanical Print Collection 



The idea of forming a study collection of original plates 
from important books in the history and development of 
botanical illustration was first proposed to Dr. John F. Pelton, 
chairman of the Botany Department, by Richard A. Davis, 
University Librarian, in 1969. Dr. Pelton's enthusiastic support 
of the project, plus available funds from the Jeanette Siron 
Pelton Memorial Fund quickly led to a search for antiquarian 
book and print dealers who carried this kind of material. As the 
prints were acquired and matted, print storage boxes were 
purchased to house them. In 1972, the Butler Women's 
Committee donated a print cabinet for the collection. 

The collection begins with a leaf from the Hortus Sanitatus 
of 1491, illustrated with woodcuts copied from manuscripts; 
followed by leaves from Leonhart Fuchs's New Kreiiterbuch of 
1543, one of the earhest botanical works to reflect the new spirit 
of empirical observation and the beginnings of modern science. 
As scientific inquiry gathered momentum, the woodcut was 
replaced in the mid-sixteenth century by the copperplate 
engraving which dominated the "golden age" of botanical 
illustration until the end of the eighteenth century, when 
printing from the surface of stone, or lithography, was invented 
by Aloys Senefelder in 1798. The lithograph quickly supplanted 
the costly engraving as a much cheaper and faster method of 
reproducing pictures. Thomas Bewick's revival of "white line" 
wood engraving at about the same time, was used for 
illustrating the cheaper popular natural history books. 

The collection provides primary source materials 
illustrating the technological developments of early modern 
science, and has served the University as an important 
educational resource for seminars, community groups. 
Continuing Education programs, Elderhostel, and exhibition 
purposes. The entire collection was exhibited under the title 
"Art in the Service of Science" at the Indianapolis Museum of 
Art in 1973. The botanical prints were displayed in the Miami 
Museum of Science, Miami, Florida, in April 1979 where Mr. 
Davis presented a public lecture on the collection. 

These prints and the zoological prints which follow, were 
selected to represent technical innovation in scientific 
illustration, and for their intrinsic beauty. A few portraits of 
botanists and zoologists were added, and are listed and 
described at the end of each list. 

The Plates 

Hortus Sanitatus (Garden of Health). Mainz: Jacob Meydenbach, 
1491. Perhaps the most important medical book printed 
before 1500. As illustrations, the more than 1,000 woodcuts 
have little descriptive value, but out of such crude 
beginnings grew the great sciences of botany and medicine. 
1. Hortus Sanitatus-De Herbis. Leaf Miiii recto. 
Zizania and thistle. 
11% X 8 in. (sheet) 

Leonhart Fuchs (1501-1566), the successor of Otto Brunfels (1488- 
1534) who was the first to make drawings from living 
plants. Fuchs was the first to give full credit and 
recognition to his artists by publishing their portraits in De 
Historia Stirpium, Basel, 1542. Fuchs's woodcut illustrations 



were to have a far-reaching influence on botanical 
illustration for many years to come. The New Kreiiterbuch 
contains 518 woodcuts. 

2. New Kreiiterbuch. Basel, 1543, Leaf Yy2 recto. 
Weiss Schliisselblum (handcolored) 

13y4X 93/8 in. (sheet) 

This woodcut is reproduced in full on the front cover. 

3. Ibid. Leaf Tt2 verso. 

Cypressene Wolffsmilch (handcolored) 
133/4 X 93/8 in. (sheet) 



Pier Andrea Mattioli (1501-1577), the Italian physician who 
practised in Siena, Rome and Prague where he served as 
physician to Emperor Maximilian II. Mattioli's most famous 
work is the Commentarii in sex Libros Pedacii Dioscoridis 
published at Venice in 1554. The woodcuts in his books are 
of a completely different character than those of Fuchs, far 
more use having been made of shading. 

4. Kreutterbuch. Frankfurt a.M., 1590. Leaf 129 recto. 
Rattich 1. II. Schwartz Rattich (handcolored) 

13 3/16 X 81/8 in. (sheet) 

5. Ibid. Leaf 168 verso. 

Wicken Wilde Wicken (handcolored) 
13'/8 X 8V4 in. (sheet) 



John Parkinson (1567-1650), the English apothecary, was the last 
of the great herbalists. His Paradisi in Sole Paradisus 
Terrestris (1629) contained 110 woodcuts and is considered 
the most important of all seventeenth century gardening 
books. The use of woodcut illustrations is something of an 
anachronism at this late date when copper engraving had 
taken over as the chief means of producing illustrations. 

6. Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris. Or, a Garden of all 
sorts of pleasant flowers . . . London, 1629. Page 137. 
Starr flowers. 

103/8 X 6 9/16 in. (border) 

7. Ibid. Page 185. 

Woodcut with 6 figures: Iris. 
103/8 X 6 9/16 in. (border) 



Abraham Munting (1626-1683), Dutch botanist and physician 
who taught at the Academy of Groningen. His opus 
magnum Accurate description of terrestrial plants contained 
more than 250 copper engravings of great beauty, and was 
published posthumously in 1696. 

8. Naaiiwkeurige beschryving der aardgewassen . . . Halma, 1696. 
Rubia Minor Hispanica. 

12% X 8 in. (platemark) 

9. Ibid. 

Cyclamen Aestivum anemones effigie radicatum. 
12 9/16 X 8 7/16 in. (platemark) 

10. Ibid. 

Convolvulus Indicus Pennatus (handcolored). 
153/4 X 10 in. (platemark) 



Hendrik Adrian Van Rheede Tot Draakestein (1636-1691) rose 
from plain seaman to governor of Malabar. He assembled 
and published a rich collection of material of Malabar's 
flora. The famous 794 engraved plates are by Pietro Foglia 
(1617-1691). 
11. Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. Amsterdam, 1689. 

Asjogam (also in Malabarese, Brahmin and Arabic). 

13V4 X 16% in. (platemark) 



Dionys Dodart (1634-1707), French pubhsher and member of the 
Academie Royale des Sciences who planned a vast history 
of plants for Louis XIV. Nicolas Robert (1614-1685) made 
vkfatercolor drawings on vellum, and Abraham Bosse (1602- 
1676) supervised and engraved many of the 319 engravings, 



38 of which were finally pubhshed in 1701. The plates are in 

the Chalcographie du Louvre. 

12. Estampes pour servir a I'histoire des plantes. Paris, 1701. 

Helenium Indicum maximum (handcolored) 

Engraved by Bosse. 

16 X 11% in. (platemark) 

A restrike from the original Louvre plate. 

Johann Wilhelm Weinmann (1683-1741) was director of the 
longest established pharmacy in Regensburg. His 
Phytanthoza konographia (1737-1745) with more than a 
thousand colored pseudo-mezzotint engravings forms one 
of the largest series of botanical illustrations ever produced. 
They are among the earliest examples of color printing from 
a single plate. 




Munting: Cyclamen. Page 2, no. 9. 



13. Phytanthoza Iconographia. Regensburg, 1737-1745. 
Frontispiece, mezzotint in blue: Portrait of Johann 
Wilhelm Weinmann. 

Artist: Hirschman. Engraved by I. Haid. 
12V2 X 7% in. (platemark) 

14. Ibid. 

Etching and Aquatint: Scolymocephalus Africanus . . . 
(some handcoloring) 
12% X 8'/4 in. (platemark) 

15. Ibid. 

Etching and Aquatint: A. Smyrnium Greticum 

Perfoliatum . . . B. Smyrnium majus seu hipposelinum . . . 

C. Solanum arborescens molucanum . . . (some 

handcoloring) 

131/4 X 8 5/16 in. (platemark) 

Diderot and D'Alembert: L'Enajclopedk. Paris, 1751-1780. The 
monumental Enci/clopedie of Denis Diderot (1713-1784) and 
Jean Le Rood d'Alembert (1717-1783) in 35 volumes contains 
a large section devoted to natural history. 

16. L'Encydopedie: Histoire Naturelle, Principes de 
Botanique - Systeme de Tournefort (35 figures of plant 
parts) 

Artist: Goussier. Engraved by Benard. 
14 X 8% in (platemark) 

17. [As above] - Systeme de Linnaeus. 
Artist: Goussier. Engraved by Benard. 
14 X 8?8 in. (platemark) 

Charles Louis L'Heritier de Brutelle (1746-1800) was one of the 

ablest botanists of France. His publications were issued in 
very small editions. Pierre Joseph Redoute (1759-1840) got 
his start with L'Heritier, and achieved great fame as a 
painter of roses. The Stirpes novae contained 91 engravings. 

18. Stirpes novae aiit minus cognitae. Paris, 1784. 
Bystropogon Punctatum. 

Artist: P.]. Redoute. Engraved by Er. Hubert. 
15% X 10% in. (platemark) 

19. Ibid. 
Zanthorhiza Apiifolia. 

Artist; P.J. Redoute. Engraved by Er. Hubert. 
155/8 X 103/4 in. (platemark) 

Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (1778-1841), Swiss botanist who 
established a new system of plant classification in his 
Prodromus Systcmatis Regni Vegetabilis (1824-1874). In 1798 
Candolle published Redoute's illustrations that he had 
begun for L'Heritier in his Plantarum succulentarum Historia; 
oil Histoire naturelle des plantes grasses, Paris, 1798-1829. 

20. Plantarum succulentarum Historia. Paris, 1798-1829. 
Cacalia ficoides Cacalie ficoide (handcolored) 
Artist: P.J. Redoute. 

ll'/s X 7% in. (platemark) 

Pierre Joseph Buchoz (1731-1807), at one time physician to 
Stanislaus, King of Poland. He devoted his prodigious 
energies to a long series of publications on natural history. 
Buchoz's luxuriously illustrated copperplate books are more 



notable for their beauty than for their contribution to the 
history of the biological sciences. 

21. Le Grand Jardin de I'Universe. Paris, 1785. 

Protea Sceptum Gustavianum, Sparm. (handcolored) 
12% x 8% in. (platemark) 

William Curtis (1746-1799), the English botanist and apothecary 
who founded the Botanical Magazine in 1787 which is still 
being published today. Curtis's first publishing venture was 
the Flora Londinensis, an artistic success but a financial 
disaster. He began the Botanical Magazine with a completely 
different point of view from his first publication, which was 
to illustrate and describe "the most ornamental foreign 
plants cultivated in the open ground, the green-house, and 
stove." All of the plates were handcolored and continued to 
be so from February 1787 to February 1948. Of the many 
artists and editors who contributed to the Botanical Magazine 
certainly the most famous was William Jackson Hooker 
(1785-1865), the first director of the Royal Botanic Gardens 
at Kew in London. Note: all dimensions are measured to the 
platemark. 

22. Flora Londinensis. London, 1777-1798. 
Ardium Lappa. 

17% x 101/4 in. 



23. 



Ibid. 

Conium Maculatum. 
Artist: Kilburn. 
17% X 101/4 in. 



24. Ibid. 



Polygunum Persicaria (handcolored) 
171/2 X 93/4 in. 

25. Ibid. 

Stellaria Ugliginosa (handcolored) 
103/4 X 8% in. 

26. Botanical Magazine. London, 1787- 
Palm trees (handcolored) 

Artist; J. Harrison. Engraved by Swan. 
Published May 1, 1827. 
81/4 X 5 5/16 in. 

27. Ibid. 

A Nightshade (handcolored) 
Artist: CM. Curtis. Engraved by Swan. 
Published May 1, 1827. 
10% X 81/4 in. 

28. Ibid. 

Prickly pear (handcolored) 

Artist: Rev. L. Guilding. Engraved by Swan. 

Published June 1, 1827. 

91/2 X 8 in. 

29. Ibid. 

Cycadaceae (handcolored) 

Artist; William J. Hooker. Engraved by Swan. 

Published June 1, 1828. 

93/4 X 9 13/16 in. 

30. Ibid. 

Breadfruit (handcolored) 

Artist; Rev. L. Guilding. Engraved by Swan. 

Published Dec. 1, 1828. 

lOVs X 81/4 in. 



31. Ibid. 

Unidentified dicotyledon (handcolored) 
Artist: William J. Hooker. Engraved by Swan. 
Published April 1, 1829. 
9% X 8 in. 

32. Ibid. 

Passion Flower (handcolored) 

Artist: William J. Hooker. Engraved by Swan. 

Published Feb. 1, 1830. 

91/2 X 8 in. 

33. Ibid. 

Unidentified dicotyledon (handcolored) 
Artist: William J. Hooker. Engraved by Swan. 
Published Aug. 1, 1831. 
9'/2 X 8 in. 

34. Ibid. 

Unidentified dicotyledon (handcolored) 
Artist: Rev. L. Guilding. Engraved by Swan. 
Published Feb. 1, 1832. 
93/4 X 8 in. 

35. Ibid. 

Hibiscus family (handcolored) 
Artist: Prof. Bojer. Engraved by Swan. 
Published April 1, 1832 
8x9 13/16 in. 

36. Ibid. 

Morning glory (handcolored) 
Artist: W. Curtis. Engraved by Swan. 
Published Sept. 1, 1834. 
9 13/16 X 7% 

37. Ibid. 

Leguminosae (handcolored) 

Artist: William ]. Hooker. Engraved by Swan. 

Published Oct. 1, 1835. 

73/4 X 51/8 in. 

38. Ibid. 

Nightblooming cereus (handcolored) 
Engraved by Swan. 
Published Jan. 1, 1836. 
73/4 X 51/8 in. 

William Woodville (1752-1805), English physician and botanist. 
He pubhshed the first volume of his great work Medical 
Botany in 1790, in which he described all of the medicinal 
plants in materia medica catalogs published by the Royal 
Colleges of physicians at London and Edinburgh. 

39. Medical Botany. London, 1790-1793. 3 vols, containing 210 
engravings. 

Eleven handcolored plates. 

71/4 X 5 in. (mat openings) 

Framed in one mat; on display in the Science Library. 

Thomas Bewick (1753-1828), English artist who originated the 
"white line" technique of engraving on wood. He thus 
restored the use of the woodblock to favor after its long 
eclipse by the copperplate. The wood engravings for 
Thornton's herbal are Bewick's only botanical illustrations. 



40. Robert John Thornton 

A Neiv Family Herbal. London, 1810. 

Dandelion. 

83/8 X 51/8 (sheet) 

The complete book itself is also in the Rare Book Room 

collections. 

Jean Henri Jaume Saint-HUaire (1772-1845), French botanist who 
introduced Solygonum Tinctorum, which yields a valuable 
blue dye, into France. His publications are distinguished for 
their delightful stipple engravings. 

41. Plantes de la France. Paris, 1808. 10 vols. 
Chicoree Sauvage (printed in color) 
10 X 6V4 (sheet) 

Pierre Corneille van Geel (1796-1836), Belgian botanist and 
publisher. After the invention of lithography in 1798, this 
printing method monopolized natural history illustration 
until the middle of the nineteenth century. 

42. Sertum Botanicum. Bruxelles, 1827-1832. 
4 vols, with 594 lithographs. 
Gongora Speciosa (handcolored) 
135/8 x 103/8 in (sheet) 

Eliza Eve Gleadall 

43. The Beauties of Flora . . ., arranged emblematically with 
directions for coloring them. London, 1834-1836. 2 vols, 
with 41 lithographs. 

Unidentified dicotyledon (plate 9, handcolored) 
Lith. by Dean and Munday. 
12% X 91/2 in. (sheet) 

Benjamin Maund (1790-1864), English pharmacist, bookseller, 
and publisher. 

44. The Botanic Garden and Fruitist. London, 1851-1854. 
Lilium superbum; Scutellaria macrantha; 
Calandrinia speciosa; Spirea Barbata (all handcolored) 
Artist: Mills. Engraved by S. Watts. 

63/8 X 4% in. (border) 

John Torrey (1796-1873) American botanist, chemist, and 

physician. He was appointed botanist for the State of New 
York in 1836. 

45. Flora of the State of Neiv York. Albany, 1843. 2 vols. 
Peltandra Virginica/Virginian Peltandra. 

Lith. by Endicott 

17% X 1111/4 in. (sheet) 

Note: The lithographic firm of Endicott was founded by 

George Endicott (1802-1848), and flourished for some 60 

years, specializing in natural science illustration. 

GotlhUf Heinrich von Schubert (1780-1860), and Christian 
Ferdinand Hochstetter (1787-1860), German professors of 
natural history and science. 

46. Naturgeschichte des Pflanzenreichs in Bildern. Stuttgart and 
Esslingen, 1853. Illustrated with lithographs. 

XXV: Almond, plus 4 other plants (handcolored) 
10 X 71/4 in. (border) 



47. Ibid. 

XLVIII: Juniper, plus 4 other plants (handcolored) 
10 X 71/4 in. (border) 
A set of 7 chromolithographs of miscellaneous plants from an 
unidentified late nineteenth century work in English. 

48. 9 X 5% in. each sheet 



Portraits 

49. Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), Swedish pioneer ecologist 
and plant geographer. His single most important 
contribution to science was his binomial system for the 
classification of plants and animals. 
Robert John Thornton: Temple of Flora. London, 1805. 
Frontispiece: "Linnaeus in His Lapland Dress. From an 
original picture in the possession of Dr. Thornton. 
Hoffman pinxt. H. Kingsbury sculpt. London, 
pubhshed by Dr. Thornton, June 1, 1805." 
19'/2 X 135/8 in. (platemark) 



This famous work contained 28 plates in mezzotint and 
aquatint by the most eminent artists of the day. This 
print is framed and on display in the Science Library. 

50. Albrecht de Haller (1708-1777), Swiss physiologist, 
anatomist, and botanist at Gottingen. He was also a 
prolific author and poet. 

Stipple engraving. 

Artist: Freudenberger. Engraved by Tardieu. 

7 X 5 in. (platemark) 

51. Jean Herman (1738-1800), French physician and 
botanist, professor of medicine at Strasbourg. 
Stipple engraving. 

Artist: Guerin. Engraved by Tardieu. 
7 X 5 in. (platemark) 

52. Edme Verniquet (1727-?), French author, city planner, 
and architect of the Jardin des Plantes in Paris. He was 
a member of the Athenee des Arts and other learned 
societies. 

Stipple engraving. 

Artist: Bouche. Engraved by J.B. Dien. 

13% X 11 Vs in. (platemark) 



II. Zoological Print Collection 



In 1970 the library received a portion of a grant awarded to 
Butler by Sears, Roebuck and Company, which was to be used 
for library enrichment. It seemed reasonable at the time to form 
a parallel collection of zoological prints to accompany the 
botanical prints. Both collections begin with leaves containing 
woodcuts from the Hortus Sanitatus of 1491, and both terminate 
with lithographic illustrations from mid-nineteenth century 
American and European natural history publications. 

Hortus Sanitatus (Garden of Health). Mainz: Jacob Meydenbach, 
1491. The two-volume work contained 1,066 chapters, and is 
divided into sections dealing with herbs, land animals, 
fishes, stones and minerals; a therapeutical index of 
diseases appears at the end. Nothing is known about the 
author, although the preface states that a learned physician 
was commissioned to compile the work from Avicena, 
Hippocrates, Galen, and other ancient authors. There are 
over 1,000 woodcuts which were copied from manuscripts 
of works by the ancient authors cited above. 

1. Hortus Sanitatus-De Animalibus. lUus. LXX, LXXI. 
Beetles, and three wild pigs. 

11% X 8 in. (sheet) 

2. Ibid. Leaf o2 recto. 
Frogs and toads. 
11% X 8 in (sheet) 

Conrad Gessner (1516-1565) was city physician of Zurich, and 
the first Renaissance biologist to establish empirical obser- 
vation as the basis for investigation in the biological 
sciences. The main labor of his life was the compilation and 
publication of the monumental work Historica Animalium, 
Zurich, 1551-1587, which attempts to classify and describe 
the entire animal kingdom. Extensive notes and drawings 
for a similar work on the plant kingdom were discovered 
after Gessner's death. These were published in Niirnberg in 
1753. 

3. Historia Animalium. Ziirich, 1558. Page 317. 
Large fish. 

145/8 x 9 in, (sheet) 

4. Ibid. Page 78. 

Alauda sine crista, Alauda cristata albicans. 
145/8 X 9 in. (sheet) 

Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605) was the Italian successor to 
Gessner. Aldrovandi received his doctorate from the 
University of Bologna at the age of 31. At his urging the city 
of Bologna estabhshed a botanical garden in 1568. Taking 
Gessner's books as a guide, Aldrovandi began to publish his 
own enlarged and expanded works on zoology and botany. 
He did not use Gessner's alphabetical order, but arranged 
his animals and birds into groups. His Ornithologia 
contained 685 woodcuts. 

5. Ornithologia. Bologna, 1559-1603, 3 vols. Lib. II, page 201. 
Eagle. 

14 X 95/8 in. (sheet) 

6. Ibid. Lib. XII, page 803. 
Toucan. 

14 X 9% in. (sheet) 



Ibid. Page 814. 
Manucodiata cirrata. 
14 X 95/8 in. (sheet) 



Adriaen Collaert (1560-1618), Flemish engraver who engraved 
the illustrations for two books on natural history subjects, 
one on fishes in 1610, and the other on mammals in 1612. In 
these beautiful engravings the artist not only provides us 
with a generous array of the subject, but also gives us an 
exquisite landscape as a setting. 

8. Piscium vivae icones in aes incisae et editae. [Antwerp, 1610?] 
Plate 10. 

Lobster and other Crustacea. 
5 x 7% in. (platemark) 

9. Ibid. Plate 19. 

Lica, Erica, Raya, Lampreta. 
5 x 73/8 in. (platemark) 



Johann Jakob Scheuchzer (1672-1733), Swiss physician and 
professor of mathematics was one of the earliest scientists 
to realize the true nature of fossils. In addition to being an 
empirical scientist Scheuchzer was a Christian who 
believed in the Bible. He conceived the idea of supporting 
the latest knowledge in the natural sciences with the 
biblical text. This resulted in his magnum opus, a gigantic 
Kupfer-Bibel containing 759 copperplate engravings, which 
was at the same time a physica sacra. The sanctification of 
the earth was accomplished in the light of modern science. 
This unique work remains a monument of baroque book 
illustration. 
10. Kupfer-Bibel. Augsburg and Ulm, 1731-1733. Tab. 

CCXLVII. 

Levitici cap. XI.V.17., Ardia, Ibis. 

Artist; J.M. Fiissli. Engraved by M. Tyroff. 

121/2 X 8 in. (platemark) 



Georg Wolfgang Knorr (1705-1761), German collector, artist, and 
naturalist whose publications are distinguished for the 
beauty of the handcolored engravings. 

11. PhU. Ldw. Statius Miiller: Deliciae naturae selectae. 
Nurnberg, 1766-1767. 2 vols. Plate 77. 

Kudu (handcolored) 

Artist: Georg Knorr. Engraved by Jac. Andreas 

Eisenmann. 

13V2 X 9V4 in. (platemark) 

12. Ibid. Plate 58. 

Three fishes, seapurse, seahorse. 

Artist: Christian Leinberger. Engraved by S. Leitner. 

131/4 X 9 1/16 in. (platemark) 

13. Ibid. Plate 34. 
Three cow fishes. 
Artist: J.C. Keller. 

13 3/8 X 8 3/4 in. (platemark) 




f*'/ 4' 




Scheuchzer: Kupfer-Bibel. Page 7, no. 10. 



14. Verpmgen der Augen und dcs Gcmiiths [Visual and 
Spiritual Pleasures] 

Nurnberg, 1764-1772. Plate XVI. 

Five shells. 

Artist; Georg Knorr. Engraved by G.P. Trautner. 

8 X 6'/4 in. (platemark) 

15. Ibid. Plate XXI. 
Two shells. 

Artist: J.C. Keller. Engraved by G.P. Trautner. 
71/8 X 5% in. (platemark) 

George Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788) was 
appointed to the post of zoologist to King Louis XV of 
France. He began his duties by cataloging the king's 
collections of wild animals and plants in the royal botanical 
gardens, and the contents of the royal cabinets of natural 
curiosities. However, the main achievement of his career 
was the publication of a monumental Histoire Naturellc in 44 
volumes from 1749-1788. The best artists and engravers 
available were commissioned to work on this most noble 
and beautiful of volumes in the history of biological 
illustration. 



16. Histoire Naturelle. Paris, 1749-1788. Tom. VI, pi. IX, p. 212. 
L'amazone a tete blanche (handcolored) 

Artist: De Seve. Engraved by Cath. Haussard. 
8V'2 X 6% in. (platemark) 

17. Ibid. Tom. XII, pi. XLVI. 
Le Cariacori (handcolored) 

Artist: De Seve. Engraved by C.F. Fritzsch. 
SYs X 61/8 in. (platemark) 

18. Ibid. Tom. XIV. PI. II. 

Le Grand Gibbon (handcolored) 

Artist: De Seve. Engraved by C.F. Fritzsch. 

8V4 X 6 1/16 in. (platemark) 

19. Ibid. Tom. XV., PI. XLVII. 
L'Antilope (handcolored) 

Artist: C. Ed. Engraved by C.F. Fritzsch. 
8'/4 X 61/8 in. (platemark) 

20. Ibid. Tom. XVI, PI. XXI. 
La Vigogne (handcolored) 

Artist: De Seve. Engraved by O. de Vries. 
81/4 X 61/8 in. (platemark) 

21. Ibid. Plate 23. 
Manchette de Neptune. 
Designed and engraved by Martinet. 
81/4 X 6 1/16 in. (platemark) 



Pierre Joseph Buchoz (1731-1807), French physician and 
naturalist who devoted his prodigious energies to the 
publication of a series of books on natural history. They are 
famous for the beauty of the engraved illustrations by the 
most eminent artists of the day. 

22. Les dons merveilleux et diversement colorify de la nature dans 
le rd animal, Paris, 1782. Plate L. 

Le Daim (handcolored) 

Descriptive text engraved on lower half of plate. 
Artist; De Seve. Engraved by Magd. Th. Rousselet. 
123/4 x 8 in. (platemark) 

23. Ibid. Plate T. 

La Daine (handcolored) 

Descriptive text engraved on lower half of plate. 
Artist: De Seve. Engraved by Magd. Th. Rousselet. 
123/4 X 8 in. (platemark) 

24. Ibid. 

La Taupe (handcolored) 

Descriptive text engraved on lower half of plate. 
Artist: De Seve. Engraved by Magd. Th. Rousselet. 
12% X 8 in. (platemark) 

25. Premiere (Seconde) Centurie de planches. Paris and 
Amsterdam, (1775)-1781. 2 vols. Plate V, Decad.4. 
Insects (handcolored) 

Artist: Desmoulins. Engraved by Vidal. 
121/4 X 71/2 in. 

26. Ibid. Plate IX, Decad. 4. 

Marine worms, bivalves, and snails (handcolored) 
Artist: Jac. De Favanne. Engraved by Jac. Juillet. 
12% X 81/4 in. 

27. Ibid. Plate X, Decad. 4 

Vase encrusted with barnacles and coral (handcolored) 
Artist: Desmoulins. Engraved by Breant. 
125/8 X 73/4 in. 



28. Ibid. Plate IX, Decad. 6 

Bivalves and seabiscuit (handcolored) 
Artist: G. de Favane. Engraved by Dupin. 

123/4 X 8 3/16 in. 

Diderot and D'Alembert: L'Encydopedie. Paris 1751-1780. The 
monumental EncydopMie of Denis Diderot (1713-1784) and 
Jean Le Rond d'AIembert( 1717-1783) in 35 volumes contains 
a large section devoted to natural history. 

29. L'Encydopedie: Histoire Naturelle. Plate XLI. 

Le Barbre de Cayenne, Le Coucou bleu de la Chine, Le 
Couroucou verd de Cayenne, Le Bout de petun. 
Artist: Martinet. Engraved by Benard. 
14 X 8% in. (platemark) 

30. Ibid. Plate L. 

Distribution Methodique des Oyseaux par le Bee et par 

les Pattes. 

Artist: Goussier. Engraved by Benard. 

13% X 8?8 in. (platemark) 

31. Ibid. Plate LIII. 

Le Turbot, L'Orbis, La Mole. 

Artist: Martinet. Engraved by Benard. 

14 X 9 in. (platemark) 

32. Ibid. Plate LXXIV. 
Coquilles de mer multivalves. 
Artist; Martinet. Engraved by Benard. 
14 X 9 in. (platemark) 

33. Ibid. Plate LXXVII. 
Insectes. 

Artist; Martinet. Engraved by Benard. 
14 X 9 in. (platemark) 

34. Ibid. Plate LXXXVIII. 
Polypiers. 

Artist; Martinet. Engraved by Benard. 

14 X 9 in. (platemark) 

Plates 3539 are the gift of Dr. and Mrs. Murrill Lowry in 

memory of Marvin Lowry, 1973. 



39. Ibid. Plate XXXL 

Das Murmelthier (label MUS MARMOTA LINNE pasted 

above title) 

(handcolored) Artist and engraver unknovvn. 

11% X 8 in. (platemark) 

James Ellsworth DeKay (1792-1851), American naturalist, author 
and physician. He was commissioned by the State of New 
York to prepare the zoological section of the Natural 
History Survey of New York. He described 1,600 species of 
mammals, birds, fishes, reptiles, etc. 
The lithographic plates were printed by George Endicott 
(1802-1848). 

40. Natural History of Nea' York. Albany, 1842-1844. Plate 68. 
Three fishes. 

Artist unknown. Lith. by Endicott. 
IP/s X 83/4 in. (sheet) 

41. Ibid. Plate 21. 
Four rodents. 

Artist; J.W. Hill. Lith. by Endicott. 
11 3/8 X 8 3/4 in. (sheet) 



Portraits 

42. Claude Perrault (1613-1688), French physician and 
architect. As a physician he became well known for his 
studies of animal anatomy; as an architect he designed 
the Paris Observatory and the new facade of the 
Louvre. 

Artist: Vercelin. Engraved by G. Edelinch. 
9V2 X 6% in. (platemark) 

43. Edward Jenner (1749-1823) English physician and 
discoverer of vaccination. 

Edward Jenner, M.D.L.L.D.F.R.L. 

Artist: Sir Thomas Lawrence, R.R.A. Lithograph by J.H. 

Lynch. 

163/8 X 12 in. (mat opening) 

Framed and on display in the Science Library. 



35. Johann Daniel Meyer: Populcire Zoologie. Niirnberg 1802. 
Plate XVI. 

Wolf (label CANIS LUPUS LINNE pasted above title) 

(handcolored) 

Artist and engraver unknown. 

12'/4 X 81/4 in. (platemark) 

36. Ibid. Plate XXI. 

Der Stein oder Buchmarder (label MUSTELA FOINA 
LINNE pasted above title) 
(handcolored) Artist and engraver unknown. 
12'/4 X 8 7/16 in. (platemark) 

37. Ibid. Plate XXV. 

Das weise Wiesel (label MUSTELA ERMINEA 

LINNESIVE' HERMELN pasted above title) 

(handcolored) 

Artist and engraver unknown. 

123/8 X 83/8 in. (platemark) 

38. Ibid. Plate XXVI. 

Das rothbraune Wiesel (label MUSTELA ERMINEA 
LINNE pasted above title) 
(handcolored) Artist and engraver unknown 
123/8 X 83/8 in. (platemark) 



III. Clyde L. Clark Memorial 



Jean de La Fontaine (1621-1695): Les Fables. A set of seven 
engravings with accompanying text leaves, from the 1783 
edition of these famous French verse tales in v/hich animals 
behave like human beings. First published from 1668-1695, the 
Fables appeared in many versions, the most famous of which is 
this one, illustrated with engravings after drawings by Jean 
Baptiste Oudry (1686-1755), and published after his death by the 
engraver Nicholas Cochin in Paris between the years 1755-1759, 
in four volumes. 

Gift of Butler University's Modern Foreign Language 
Department in memory of Professor Clyde L. Clark, 1970. 



The Plates (all plates measure 12 x 8 3/4 inches to the plate 

mark) 

Frontispiece: Allegorical portrait of La Fontaine. A bust on a 

pedestal surrounded by animals and a dwarf (no text page) 
XH: Le Cygne et le Cuisinier (The swan and the cook) 

XXI: Les Frelons et les Mouches a Miel (The hornets and the 

honey bees) 
XXIV: ConseU tenu par les rats (The council of the rats) 
L: La Goutte et I'Araignee (Sir Gout and Sir Spider) 

XCVII: Le Cerf et la Vigne (The stage and the vine-bower) 
XCIX: Le Lievre et la Perdrix (The hare and the partridge) 




Cochin: Le Cygne et le Cuisinier (La Fontaine). Plate XII. 



10 



IV. Portraits of Authors 



In a letter to David Laing (Fellow of the Society of 
Antiquaries of Scotland) dated May 3, 1854, in reference to an 
exhibition of Scottish historical portraits in Edinburgh, Thomas 
Carlyle expressed his high regard for portraits in the following 
terms: "First of all, then, 1 have to tell you, as a fact of personal 
experience, that in my poor historical investigations it has been, 
and always is, one of the most primary wants to procure a 
bodily likeness of the personage inquired after; a good portrait if 
such exists; failing that, even an indifferent if sincere one. In 
short, any representation, made by a faithful human creature, of 
that face and figure, which he saw with his eyes, and which I 
can never see with mine, is now valuable to me, and much 
better than none at all." 

It was in this spirit that a collection of portraits, mainly of 
English and American authors, was purchased in 1970 to grace 
the bare walls above the card catalog, and to give animation to 
the tops of the bookshelves in the John S. Wright Great Books 
Room. The Katharine Merrill Graydon Club, and the Butler 
Women's Faculty Club were the principal donors. 

Prints 

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (1547-1616), Spanish novelist. 

Artist: Celestin Nanteuil. Lithograph by J.J. Martinez, 

Madrid. 

11% X 81/4 in. (image) 

Gift of the Woman's Faculty Club in memory of Professor 

Clyde L. Clark, 1969. 

William Cowper (1731-1800), Enghsh poet and essayist. 
Artist: F. Abbot. Stipple engraving by H. Meyer, 1816. 
13V4 X 9% in. (mat opening) 

Charles Dickens (1812-1870), English novelist. 

Caricature by Andre Gill on the cover of the French 
periodical L'Eclipse for June 14, 1968. 
18 X ll'A in. (mat opening) 

John Dryden (1631-1700), English poet and dramatist. 
Artist: Godfrey Kneller. Mezzotint by George White. 
13 X 93/8 in. (platemark) 

John Evelyn (1620-1706), English diarist, traveler, and tree 
culturist. 

Etching by Thomas Worlidge, 1727. 
5V2 X 3% in. (platemark) 

The following six portraits are engravings from the book 
The Heads and Characters of Illustrious Persons of Great Britain, with 
their portraits engraved by Mr. Houbraken and Mr. Vertue. 2 
vols. London, 1743-1747. 

Ben Jonson (1573-1637), English dramatist and poet. 
Artist: Isaac Oliver. Engraved by J. Houbraken. 
14% x 9 in. (platemark) 



John Locke (1632-1704), English philosopher. 

Artist: Godfrey Kneller. Engraved by G. Vertue, 1738. 
14'/4 x 9'/4 in. (platemark) 

John Milton (1608-1674), English poet. 

Artist unknown. Engraved by J. Houbraken, 1741. 
14'/2 x 9V8 in. (platemark) 

Sir Thomas Moore (1478-1535), English author and statesman. 
Artist: Hans Holbein. Engraved by J. Houbraken, 1740. 
141/2 X 9'/4 in. (platemark) 

Alexander Pope (1688-1744), English poet. 

Artist: Arthur Pond. Engraved by J. Houbraken, 1747. 
13% X 8% in. (platemark) 

WiUiam Shakespeare (1564-1616), English dramatist and poet. 
Artist unknown. Engraved by J. Houbraken, 1747. 
14% X 9Vi in. (platemark) 

Sculpture 

The first six plaster busts listed, by the American sculptor 
Ron Tunison, were acquired from the Gale Gallery (a subsidiary 
of Gale Research Company) in 1971. 

Charles Dickens (1812-1870), English novelist. 
12 in. high (terra cotta) 

Ernest Hemingway (1898-1961), American writer. 

12 in. high (green) 

James Joyce (1882-1941), Irish writer. 
14V2 in. high (terra cotta) 

Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849), American writer. 

13 in. high (green) 

Mark Twain (1835-1910), American writer. 
13 in. high (terra cotta) 

Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), English writer. 
14'/2 in. high (green) 

Robert Frost (1875-1963), American poet. 
Cast stone bust by Leo Cherne (1912- ) 
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. William F. McLean, Jr., 1971. 

Drawing 

Andre Durand (1807-1867). Drawing of a village street. Pencil 

and ink on transfer paper. Obviously a preliminary drawing 

for a wood engraving or a hthograph because the lettering 

on the shop sign is in reverse. 

12 X 8 3/16 in. 

Gift of Mr. Percy Simmons. 



V. Prints from Alexander 
WILSON'S Copper Plates 



A set of 10 engravings printed from the original 
copperplates used to illustrate Alexander Wilson's American 
Ornithology, from the rare book collection of the Field Museum 
of Natural History, Chicago. In April 1972, Richard A. Davis, 
Butler University Librarian, and George McCuUough of Fort 
Wayne were granted permission by the Field Museum to print 
six sets of the ten plates in the graphic studio at Albion College 
in Albion, Michigan, (see: Field Museum of Natural History Bulletin, 
Vol. 44, Number 2, Feb., 1972.) Gift of R.A. Davis, 1972. 

The Plates (all plates measure 13V4 x 10% inches to the plate mark) 

1 - Plate 52. Engraved by A. Lawson 

1. Red-tailed Hawk. 2. American Buzzard. 3. Ash- 
colored Hawk. 

2 - Plate 53. Engraved by J.G. Warnicke. 

1. Black Hawk. 2. Variety of ditto. 3. Red- 
shouldered Hawk. 4. Female Baltimore Oriole. 
5. Female Towhee Bunting. 

3 - Plate 54. Engraved by J.G. Warnicke. 

1. Broad-winged Hawk. 2. Chuck-wills-Widow. 
3. Cape-May Warbler. 4. Female Black-cap W. 

4 - Plate 55. Engraved by J.G. Warnicke. 

1. Ring-tail Eagle. 2. Sea Eagle. 

5 - Plate 56. Engraved by A. Lawson. 

1. Esquimaux Curlew. 2. Red backed Snipe. 
3. Semipalmated S. 4. Marbled Godwit. 



6 - Plate 57. Engraved by A. Lawson. 

1. Turnstone. 2. Ash-colored Sandpiper. 3. The 
Purre. 4. Black-bellied Plover. 5. Red-breasted 
Sandpiper. 

7 - Plate 58. Engraved by A. Lawson. 

1. Red-breasted Snipe. 2. Long-legged Avocet. 3. 
Solitary Sandpiper. 4. Yello-shanks Snipe. 5. Tell- 
tale Snipe. 

8 - Plate 59. Engraved by J.G. Warnicke. 

1. Spotted-Sandpiper. 2. Bartram's S. 3. Ring 
Plover. 4. Sanderling P. 5. Golden P. 6. Killdeer P. 

9 - Plate 60. Engraved by A. Lawson. 

1. Great Tern. 2. Lesser T. 3. Short-tailed T. 
4. Black Skimmer. 5. Stormy Petrel. 

10 - Plate 61. Engraved by J.G. Warnicke. 

1. Green Heron. 2. Night H. 3. Young. 4. Great 
White H. 

Reference: American Bird Engravings, all 103 plates from American 

Ornithology by Alexander Wilson. Dover, 1975. 
Also: 1. Rubbing of the Wilson Monument in Spring 

Mill State Park taken by R.A. Davis, Fall 1971. 

2. Bird man in Indiana, by Humphrey A. Olsen. 
Indianapolis Star Magazine, September 28, 1969. 




^^ 



..<iai.i5ww-,itef»-^ 



.M^^ sSi. ■ i.. 



Wilson: Turnstone and other birds. Plate 57. 



12 



VI. Manuscript Specimens 



By their very nature, manuscripts are an immediate and 
most intimate human record. They often become removed from 
their original context and survive in fragments. The value of 
these specimens lies not only in their intrinsic beauty and 
quality of penmanship but also in the challenge to find and 
understand their origin. 



Vellum leaf from a book of Psalms (Psalms 88-91) 

English, circa 1260. Written in brown, red, and blue ink. 

Provenance: from a bible formerly in the collection of Christ 

Church, Oxford University, England. 

63/8 X 4y8 in. (sheet) 

Vellum leaf from a book of Psalms (Psalm 118) 

German, circa 1450. Written in brown, red, and blue ink. 

5'/2 X 3% in. (sheet) 

Vellum leaf from a book of Psalms (Psalm 148) 

Dutch, circa 1460. Written in brown, red, and blue ink. 

6% X 4% in. (sheet) 

Vellum leaf from a calendar or almanac. 

Dutch, circa 1460. Written in brown, red, and blue ink. 

6% X 4% in. (sheet) 

English legal contract on vellum between John Weston of 

Surrey County and Thomas Turgis of London, involving 

numerous parties. Dated October 6, 1654. Main contract 

consists of 39 lines. Signatures of the main parties involved 

appear on the back. 

Gift of Dr. Roland Usher, 1971. 

19V2 X 19 in. (sheet) 

Manuscript painting on paper with text in Sanscrit, and two 

scenes from the life of Krishna. India, Jodhpur school. 

Nineteenth century. Script in black and red; scenes in 

green, blue, yellow, red, and purple, surrounded by orange 

and yellow borders. 

11x8 in. (sheet) 

Two manuscript leaves on paper with paintings, and text in 

the Tibetan Umed script. Tibet, nineteenth century. Script 



10. 



in black ink; paintings of Buddhist deities in black, red, 

green, and ochre. 

2 7/16 X 9 in. (each sheet) 

Five vellum leaves with music and Latin text from an 

Antiphonary. Possibly of Spanish origin. Written in brown, 

red, and blue ink. 

30 X 21 in. (approximate sheet sizes) 

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Levey in memory of Milton 

Levey, 1972. 

Six vellum leaves, two containing the Credo and Benedictus 

from a Latin Mass, and four with text only, probably 

written in Germany before 1450. Written in brown, red, and 

blue ink. 

29 X 22'/2 in. (approximate sheet sizes) 

Gift of Allen Whitehill Clowes, Butler Trustee, 1973. 

Mr. Clowes has also given numerous rare eighteenth and 

nineteenth century books of English literature and history, 

a three-volume set of the Wilson, Bonaparte, and Jardine 

American Ornithology, and two bound Koran manuscripts in 

Arabic. 

A Chinese calligraphy scroll written by Ching-tsing about 

1860. The subject of the poem recalls the long-ago scholar 

Tang-Po, while at Shih-pi on the bank of the Yangtze River. 

26 X 73 in. (size of scroll) 

Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Warren Andrew, 1976. 

Two Taliput palm leaf manuscripts dealing with Buddhist 

canons, and written in Pali, the literary language of India, 

Burma and Ceylon. Prepared leaves from the Taliput palm 

were incised by the scribe, with a sharp stylus. The leaves 

were strung together with thongs which held them 

securely between wooden covers. 

A. One leaf with two holes, from Ceylon. Probably 
eighteenth century. 

IVsxllVsin. 

B. Two broad short leaves with one hole in each, from 
Burma. Probably nineteenth century. 

2V4 x 9% in. 

Gift of Eleanor and Otto N. Frenzel. 







air ^S<'ss^i^ns.^ '^V^i^'^ 




"■■Ppi 









Tibetan Manuscripts. No. 7. 



13 



VII. PiRANESi Engravings 
OF Latin Epigraphs 



Epigraphy is the science concerned with the classification 
and interpretation of inscriptions found on Roman funerary 
monuments. These inscriptions are the main source of our 
knowledge of the chronological development of the Roman 
name; the cursus honorum, or the sequence of public offices 
held by senators; and the names and titles of the Roman 
emperors. 

The Italian engraver Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778) 
recorded what was left of the Roman Empire in an unparalleled 
series of engravings of the architecture, monuments, and 
artifacts known as The Antiquities of Rome. First published in 1756, 
this monumental work became an instant success and was 
reprinted in countless editions. Reference: Focillon, Henri: 
Giovanni Battista Piranesi. Paris, 1964. 

All of the plates (with the exception of number 4) are the 
gift of Eleanor and Otto N. Frenzel in memory of Timothy 
Sweeney. Acquired in 1980. 



Plates from Le Antichita Romane... by G.B. Piranesi (1720-1778). 

Second edition, Rome, 1784. 

1 - Tom. II, VII. QUESTA ISCRIZIONE dalla Facciata delle 

camere Sepolcrali ... La Famiglia 

Arrunizio . . . Focillon 229. 

Sheet size: 31 1/4 x 21 inches (plates 1-8 are 

this size) 



2 - Tom. II, XIX. 



Tom. II, LII. 
Tom. Ill, XI. 



5 - Tom. Ill, XXXII. 



Iscrizione e Frammenti della Stanza 

sepolcrale vicina a quella di L. Arrunzio. 

Focillon 241. 

Iscrizioni de Soldati Pretoriani. FociUon 274. 

Iscrizione / del Maufoleo / della Famiglio / 

de Plauzi / a Ponte / Lugano. Focillon 296. 

Gift of Barbara Lieber in memory of 

Mildred Grayson Egbert. 

Iscrizioni delle Camere sepolcrali de Liberti 

e Servi, ec. della Famiglia di Augusto. 

Focillon 314. 

6 - Tom. in, XXXIV. Iscrizioni nelle Camere sepolcrali de Liberti, 

e servi, ec. della Famiglia de Augusto. 
Focillon 316. 

7 - Tom. in, XXXV. Iscrizioni delle Camere sepolcrali de Liberti 

e servi, ec. della FamigUa di Augusto. 
Focillon 317. 

8 - Tom. IV, XXII. Pianta del ponte Ferrato detto dagl' 

Antiquari Cestio. Focillon 357. 

9 - Tav. III. Prospetto del Sarcofago di Scipione 

Barbato, e del Monumento d'Aula Cornelia. 
Engraving by Francesco Piranesi (1756- 
1810) who, with his brother Pietro, 
continued to publish his father's work. 2V4 x 
165/8 inches. 




Piranesi engraving. No. 2. 



14 



VIII. Tibetan Woodblock Prints 



Tibet became a Buddhist theocracy in the seventh century 
A.D. when Buddhism was introduced into that country from 
India. The subsequent demand for devotional objects produced 
craftsmen and workshops for a wide variety of liturgical goods. 
The most important of these was the woodblock print, which 
became the primary means of duplicating and preserving the 
literature and iconography of Buddhism. Woodblock libraries 
were formed from which prints of sacred texts could be ordered 
on demand. This oldest form of printing also served as the 
means of duplicating four types of charms, amulets, and sacred 
images: 

1. Columns or patterns of letters, verses or phrases which 
could be folded and worn as an amulet, placed inside a 
prayer wheel, inserted into religious images, or rolled 
up and eaten as medicine. 

2. "Lucky" symbols or designs with magical phrases to be 
pasted on walls or ceilings in shrine rooms, flown as 



prayer flags, or worn for attracting good luck, wealth, 
and happiness. 

3. Amulets for getting rid of sickness-bringing demons, or 
as effigies for magical rites. 

4. Wheels or psychocosmograms, a form of circular 
structure incorporating figures of protective entities, or 
simple circles within circles with phrases and patterns 
of letters around a central axis to be used on altars or 
ceilings, or as personal meditation aids. 

As the old blocks became worn out, new blocks were cut to 
replace them. The prints in this collection are contemporary 
impressions from old blocks and were purchased from 
Kathmandu, Nepal, in the summer of 1981. They were exhibited 
in the Irwin Library along with other Tibetan artifacts from the 
collection of George D. Smith Jr., in November of 1981. They are, 
with one exception, the gift of an anonymous donor. 




Tibetan woodblock print. Page 16, no. 11. 



15 



The Woodblock Prints 

1. A prayer flag commissioned by a man born in a wood-pig 
year (the Tibetan calendar identifies years through 
combinations of elements and animals). ISVs x 143/8 inches 
(to extent of image or border). 

2. NA RO KHA CHO MA: She is a Dakini, invoked for the 
granting of superhuman powers or Siddhi. She is stepping 
on ignorance, drinking blood from a skull bowl and holding 
a ritual chopper in her right hand. 1274 x 9% inches. 

3. Mandala of the five Dhyani Buddhas of Meditation. 
Center - Vaiiocan; Mudra (gesture): teaching. Emblem: the 
wheel. 

Above - Amitabha; Mudra: meditation. Emblem: the lotus. 

Right - Ratnasamabhava; Mudra: giving. Emblem: jewel. 

Left - Amoghasiddhi; Mudra: fearlessness. Emblem: double 

dirje. 

Below - Aksobhya; Mudra: earth-touching. Emblem: dirje. 

The five figures are surrounded by mantras and prayers. 16 

X 16'/2 inches. 

4. Tara: In Tibetan, her name is Dolma, which means 
saviouress or deliveress. Her origin is directly linked with 
Avalokitesvara. A tear fell from the eye of this god of 
compassion and formed a lake from which arose a lotus 
flower, which upon opening its petals disclosed the pure 
goddess Tara. 14% x 12 inches. 

5. A scorpion charm: a guard against red demons, earth 
demons, snake demons, and plague-causing demons. lOys x 
8 1/16 inches. 

6. Amitavus: The Buddha of Infinite Life, adorned with the 
thirteen ornaments of a Bodhisahtva holding a protection 
mandala. ISYs x 11% inches. 

7. Dorje Pa Mo: one of the four tutelary deities of the 
Kargyupta sect of Tibetan Buddhism. She is shown in the 
Heruka posture brandishing a copper hook knife and 
holding a skull bowl. 1872 x 12V8 inches. 

8. Ling Kesar: a famous culture hero of Tibet, who was 
canonized as a saint and is revered among the ranks of the 
Guardians of the Dharma. 14V8 x lOVs inches. 

9. Manjushri: The God of Divine Wisdom whose worship 
confers mastery of the Dharma, retentive memory, mental 
perfection, and eloquence. In his right hand he carries the 
all-victorious sword of wisdom and light. In his left hand he 
holds the book of Divine Wisdom on a lotus. 14V2 x IIV4 
inches. 

10. Kubera: The Lord of Wealth and Guardian of the Northern 
Direction. His origin lies in Hindu mythology where he is 
said to have performed austerities for a thousand years, in 
reward for which Brahma gave him immortality and made 
him God of Wealth, and guardian of all the treasures of the 
earth. His abode is said to be on Mount Kailas in Western 
Tibet. 11 x 15% inches. 

11. Mandala of Ganaspati: The Buddhist equivalent of the 
Hindu God Ganesh, son of Shiva and deity of Good Luck, 
Good Fortune and Wealth. Here he is shown in his 12- 
armed form, riding on a mongoose, symbol of wealth. 16% x 
16% inches. 

12. Killava: a fierce deity whose lower body takes the shape of 
a phurpa, or ritual exorcising dagger. The right arms hold 
ritual hatchets, and the left lotus buds. 22 x 14 inches. 



13. Great disease binding charm: a powerful charm against all 
demons of terrible diseases. Central horrific chained male 
figure with seed syllables at main parts of the body, and 
encircled with invocations, and spells. 13 x 10% inches. 

14. The Wheel of Life: a pictorial and symbolic representation 
used to illustrate the states of rebirth and the conditions 
that give rise to them. 25 V2 x 18% inches. Gift of Gisela 
Terrell, 1980. On permanent display in the Irwin Library 
atrium. 

15. Lung-ta: a large wind-horse prayer flag used to send a 
supplicant's prayers to deities. The wind-horse is in the 
center, and the four guardian animals, and the eight 
auspicious emblems are all shown. At top center are the 
Rey Sum Gompo, the three great protectors, Chen Rezi, 
Manjushri, and Vajra Pani. 24 x 16% inches. On permanent 
display in the office of the vice-president for academic 
affairs. 



16 



IX. Scholars and Characters 



Twenty-seven woodcut portraits of Butler Faculty members 
by Richard A. Davis. This collection evolved over a 16-year 
period. In spirit it carries on a tradition of paying homage to 
individuals of achievement established by Sir William 
Rothenstein (1872-1945) in the 1890's. This English artist, bon 
vivant, and seeker of the famous, recorded the physiognomy of 
leaders in the arts and public life in a vast number of drawings 
and lithographs. Such single-minded devotion has left us not 
only with a unique visual record of outstanding individuals of 
an era, but also inspired this likeminded artist to go forth and 
do likewise within his own milieu. 

The collection is gratefully dedicated to Blanche Stillson 
(1890-1977), patron and benefactor of the Hugh Thomas Miller 
Rare Book Room. Her legacy has allowed for the establishment 
of library special collections as a viable and indispensable part 
of the University. 

The Portraits 

Theodore Walwik - Speech. 1967. IVi x 7 5/16 inches. 
Frank Cooper - Music. 1968. 9 x 55/8 inches. 
George W. Geib - History. 1969. SVi x 6V8 inches. 
Richard E. Cauger - English. 1970. 11% x 8'/4 inches. 
Lynn Z. Bloom - English. 1971. 83/4 x 6V2 inches. 
Thomas E. Willey - History. 1971. 91/2 x 6 inches. 



Theodore K. Shane - History. 1972. 10 x 6% inches. 

Howard G. Baetzhold - English. 1972. 10% x 6V2 inches. 

Richard A. Cassell - English. 1972. llVa x 8 inches. 

William P. Walsh - English. 1973. 10% x 7^/4 inches. 

Victor E. Amend - English. 1974. 11% x 8 inches. 

Emma Lou Thornbrough - History. 1974. 9V4 x 6V2 inches. 

Nicholas M. Cripe - Speech. 1974. ll'/2 x 7% inches. 

Benjamin E. Haddox - Sociology. 1974. IOV4 x 7 inches. 

James T. Watt - English. 1974. 11 x 8^/2 inches. 

Albert P. Steiner - Classics. 1976. 11 x 6% inches. 

Nicholas J. Vesper - Computer Science. 1976. 9% x 6V2 inches. 

Edward L. Shaughnessy - English. 1977. 10 3/16 x 6 inches. 

Rex N. Webster - Botany. 1977. 8'/2 x 5% inches. 

John F. Pelton - Botany. 1977. 93/4 x 7V8 inches. 

Irving Fine - Spanish and French. 1978. 9y8 x 6>/4 inches. 

Daniel Pugh - Drama. 1979. 93/4 x 7 inches. 

Roland G. Usher - History. 1980. 9V4 x 6V4 inches. 

George P. Rice - Speech. 1981. 11 5/16 x 7% inches. 

Werner W. Beyer - English. 1981. 10 x 678 inches. 

AUegra Stewart - English. 1982. IIV4 x 83/8 inches. 

H. Marshall Dbcon III - Physics. 1982. 113/4 x 8V4 inches. 




Allegra Stewart 



17 



Cornelia K. Allen 

Victor E. Amend 

Ida Anderson 

Nancy and Warren Andrew 

Marble F. Arbuthnot 

Howard Armstrong 

Walter S. Athearn 

Mrs. T.W. Ayton 

Charles S. Bacon 

Howard G. Baetzhold 

Tarkington Baker 

Margaret Barrett 

A.R. Benton 

Ira C. Billman 

Eliza A. Blaker 

Eliza Blaker Club 

Harold E. Boisen 

Betty T. Boyd 

Fredric Brewer, The Raintree Press 

Hilton U. Brown, Sr. 

Jane Moore Brown 

Ida Bunker 

Mrs. Leo Burnett 

Mrs. David Burns 

Chauncey Butler 

Butler Alumnae Literary Club 

Butler Poetry Club 

Butler University Mothers' Council 

Butler Women's Committee 

Butler Women's Faculty Club 

Bertha Green Caldwel 

Howard Clay Caldwell, Jr. 

Mrs. Keith Canan 

Mrs. Carter 

William J. Castleman 

Yvonne D. Chamilovitch 

William F. Charters 

Class of 1917 

Class of 1964 

Class of 1965 

Class of 1967 

Allen Whitehill Clowes 

Willard N. Clute 

Lenora Coffin 

Mrs. William H. Coleman 

Caroline V. Collins 

Mrs. H.M. Colston 

George O. Comfort 

Verna Margaret Corbett 

P.A. Cundiff 



X. Donors and Benefactors 
Past and Present 

This honor roll is intended as a smaU tribute to all past and 
present contributors to our special collections until December 
1985, regardless of the size of the gift. We sincerely regret any 
omissions. 

E. Fay Kinoyer and William A. Daily 

Mrs. T.A. Daily 

Byron Davis 

James Davis 

Richard A. Davis 

Robert H. Davis 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Dean 

Otto Degener 

George Dellinger 

A.J. Denny 

Joseph L. Dessert 

Arthur Orison Dillon 

Mrs. William H. Dobbins 

H.M. Dowling 

Donald Charles Durman 

Mrs. W.A. Dyer 

H.W. Edwards 

Harrison Eiteljorg 

The Elizabethan Bookseller 

Constance Ellison 

Henry K. English 

Ginny Estin 

Charles E. Feinberg 

CM. Fesler 

Eleonora Flaige 

Jackson Fleming 

Franklin United Methodist Home 

Eleanor and Otto N. Frenzel 

Ira J. Friedmann 

Francis J. Funke 

Edward F. Gallahue 

Mrs. John Garrigan 

George W. Geib 

H.M. Gelston 

Clara Gilbert 

Bertha Gilpin 

V.B. Ging 

Laura D. Gise 

Katharine Merrill Graydon 

Marian Greene 

Mrs. Tilden Greer 

A.C. Grooms 

Paul Guenther 



Rudolph Haerle 

Alfred Haeussermann 

Mrs. Gordon E. Hall 

Ann Harper 

J.S. Harrison 

Diane and Peter Healey 

Corinne Helm 

J. William Hepler 

Mrs. Robert Henrey 

William Herschell 

J.S. Holcomb 

Mrs. William Hofman 

William Robeson HoUoway 

Samuel K. Hoshour 

Katherine and Irene Hunt 

Harry T. Ice 

H.L. and O.S. Ihrig 

Indiana Historical Commission 

Indiana Historical Society 

Indiana State Library 

Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation 

Indianapolis Historical Council 

The Indianapolis News 

Jessie Hoote Jack 

Mary Kinnick Jewett 

Mrs. Fred Bates Johnson 

Harold E. Johnson 

John G. Johnson 

Edward H. Jones 

David Starr Jordan 

Jordan College of Fine Arts 

Kappa Kappa Gamma 

Katharine Merrill Graydon Club 

William Harrison Kemper 

Sidney A. Kilsheimer 

Mrs. C.P. Kingsley 

Mrs. B.F. Kinnick 

Edgar F. and Cleone H. Kiser 

John P. Kondelik 

Robert C. Konzelman 



18 



Grace Shoney Larkin 

Edward A. Leary 

Mary Ledgerwood 

Beldon Clemens Leonard 

Mrs. Harry Lett 

Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Levey 

Joan and David Lewis 

Shannon G. Lieb — 

Barbara Lieber 

Eli Lilly 

The Lilly Library, Bloomington, Ind. 

Lilly Research Laboratories Library 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry S. Lowe 

Mr. and Mrs. Murrill Lowry 

F.H. Luck 

Mrs. Charles J. Lynn 

MacManus Corporation 

C. Walter McCarty 

Neet McCauliss 

Rex McConnell 

Barbara McCrimmon 

Robert Mansfield 

John Calvin Mellett 

Mrs. Meredith 

Eli Messenger 

Emory P. Miller 

Hugh Thomas Miller 

Mrs. J. Don Miller 

John U. Miller 

Modern Foreign Languages Department, 

Butler University 
Nancy Moore 
Paul Moore 
Charles W. Moores 
Harold Moorin 
Florence E. Morrison 
Oliver P. Morton 
J.G. Mueller 
Joseph Muller 



Netherlands Information Bureau 

Ralph E. Newman 

Edward H. Niles 

Patricia and Frank Owings 

Esther A. Renfrew Paddock 

George Thomas Parry 

John F. Pelton 

William Lyon Phelps 

Catherine Coffin PhiUips 

Pi Beta Phi 

Henry D. Pierce 

John E. Potzger 

Power Foundation 

Sarah Smith Pratt 

Princeton University Library 

Purdum, Jack 

Mrs. Bill Ramey 

Red Cross, Indianapolis Chapter 

Mr. and Mrs. Denis E. Ribordy 

George P. Rice 

William Robb 

Reginald Chauncey Robbins 

Mrs. A.M. Robertson 

A.K. Rogers 

Mrs. Hermann Rogge 

H.N. Ronald 

Edah M. Ropkey 

Maurice O. Ross 

Schoenhof's Foreign Books, Inc. 

George A. Schumacher 

Louis Schwitzer 

Mrs. Pratt F. Searle 

Sears, Roebuck, and Company 

Shortridge High School, Indianapolis 

David M. Silver 

Percy Simmons 

Mrs. A.C. Sinclair 

Minnie L. Spaan 

Mr. and Mrs. C.N. Spiher 

State System of Higher Education, Eugene 

Ore 

Greg Stephenson 

Edward Luther Stevenson 

Allegra Stewart 

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Stewart 

Blanche Stillson 

Asel Spellman Stitt 

Alfred J. Stokely 

Benjamin Stout 

O.H. Stout 

Emma C. Strading 



Edward B. Taggart 

Florence Marie Taylor 

Franklin N. Taylor 

Dennis C. Terrell 

Gisela and Clyde E. Terrell 

Mr. and Mrs. G. CuUen Thomas 

Emma Lou Thornbrough 

Louis C. Tiffany 

J. Russell Townsend 

Mrs. V.A. Trask 

Will H. Trimble 

Roland G. Usher 

Mrs. Russel P. Veit 

George Verdak 

Martha Waller 

Vera Ware 

Rex N. Webster 

Corinne Welling 

Matthew B. Welsh 

Alice Bidwell and Thor Wesenberg 

Marion Wesler 

Wayne W. Wilson 

Worcester (Mass.) Free Pubhc Library 

H.M. and G.C. Wright 

John S. Wright 

Judy K. and Charlie Young 

Zeta Tau Alpha 

Anna Zumpfe 



19 



Index 

The following list contains the names of authors, artists, 
and engravers as they appear in their works. All references are 
to pages. 



Abbot, F. 11 

Aldrovandi, Ulisse 7 

Benard 4, 9 

Bewick, Thomas 5 

Bojer, Prof. 5 

Bosse, Abraham 3 

Bouche 6 

Breant 8 

Buchoz, Pierre Joseph 4, 8 

Buffon, George Louis Leclerc, comte de I 

CandoUe, Augustin de 4 

Cherne, Leo 11 

Ching-tsin 13 

Cochin, Nicholas 10 

CoUaert, Adriaen 7 

Curtis, CM. 4 

Curtis, William 4-5 

D'Alembert, Jean Le Rond 4, 9 

Davis, Richard A. 17 

Dean & Mundy 5 

DeKay, James Ellsworth 9 

Desmoulins 8 

De Seve 8 

De Vries, 0. 8 

Diderot, Denis 4, 9 

Dien, J.B. 6 

Dodart, Dionys 3 

Dupin 9 

Durand, Andre 11 

Edelinch, G. 9 

Eisenmann, Jac. Andreas 7 

Endicott, George 5, 9 

Favane, G. de 9 

Favanne, Jacques de 8 

Foglia, Pietro 3 

Freudenberger 6 

Fritzsch, C.F. 8 

Fuchs, Leonhart 2 

Fussli, J.M. 7 



Gessner, Conrad 7 

Gill, Andre 11 

Gleadall, Eliza Eve 5 

Goussier 4, 9 

Guerin 6 

Guilding, Rev. L. 4 

Haid, I. 4 

Harrison, J. 4 

Haussard, Cath. 8 

Herman, Jean 6 

Hill, J.W. 9 

Hirschman 4 

Hochstetter, Christian Ferdinand 5 

Hoffman 6 

Holbein, Hans 11 

Hooker, William Jackson 4-5 

Hortus Sanitatus 2, 7 

Houbraken, J. 11 

Hubert, Fr. 4 

Juillet, Jacques 8 

Keller, J.C. 8 

Kilburn 4 

Kingsbury, H. 6 

Kneller, Godfrey 11 

Knorr, Georg Wolfgang 7-8 

La Fontaine, Jean de 10 

Lawrence, Sir Thomas 9 

Lawson, A. 12 

Leinberger, Christian 7 

Leitner, S. 7 

L'Heritier de Brutelle, Charles Louis 4 

Lynch, J.H. 9 

Martinet 9 

Martinez, J.J. 8, 11 

Mattioli, Pier Andrea 2 

Maund, Benjamin 5 

Meyer, H. 11 

Meyer, Johann Daniel 9 

Mills 5 

Miiller, PhU. Ludwig Statius 7 

Munting, Abraham 2 



Nanteuil, Celestin 11 

Oliver, Isaac 11 

Oudry, Jean Baptiste 10 

Parkinson, John 2 

Piranesi, Francesco 14 

Piranesi, Giovanni Battista 14 

Pond, Arthur 11 

Redout, Pierre Joseph 4 

Robert, Nicolas 3 

Rousselet, Magd. Th. 8 

Saint Hilaire, Jean Henri Jaume 5 

Scheuchzer, Johann Jakob 7 

Schubert, GotthUf Heinrich von 5 

Swan 4-5 

Tardieu 6 

Thornton, Robert John 5, 6 

Torrey, John 5 

Trautner, G.P. 8 

Tunison, Ron 11 

Tyroff, M. 7 

Van Geel, Pierre Corneille 5 

Van Rheede Tot Draakestein, 

Hendrik Adrian 3 
Vercelin 9 
Vertue, G. 11 
Vidal 8 

Warnicke, J.G. 12 
Watts, S. 5 

Weinmann, Johann Wilhelm 3 
White, George 11 
Wilson, Alexander 12 
WoodvUle, William 5 
Worlidge, Thomas 11 



Hugh Thomas Miller Rare Book Room 
Occasional Publications 

The William F. Charters South Seas Collection: an introduction. 1970. 

Softbound; 14 pages. Out of print. 
Gaar Williams 1880-1935: a checklist of the Blanche Stillson Collection in the Irwin 

Library at Butler University. 1981. 

Softbound; 16 pages. Free. 
Lincolniana: a collection of pamphlets, booklets, manuscripts, magazine and newspaper 

articles relating to the life and times of Abraham Lincoln. 1983. 

Softbound; 75 pages. $7.50. Purchase entitles to receipt of all addenda. Addendum I, 

16 pages, was published in 1985. 
The Dellinger Collection of Educational Materials Printed in the United States Before 1945. 

This is a descriptive checklist, with name and title index. 

Softbound; 30 or more pages (occasional updates as the collection grows). $4.00 

Purchase entitles to receipt of all updates. 
American Popular Music Printed Before 1901. 

This is a descriptive checklist of the collection, with geographical list of publishers, 

chronological guide, and name and title index. 

Softbound; 40 or more pages (occasional updates as the collection grows). $4.00 

Purchase entitles to receipt of all updates. 
Catalogues: a collection of exhibition and holdings catalogues issued by libraries and 

institutions famous for their collections; auction catalogues of rare books, prints, 

and manuscripts; selected antiquarian dealer's catalogues. 

This is a descriptive checklist of the collection, with a register of institutions, 

auction houses, and antiquarian dealers, and an index. 

Softbound; 40 or more pages (occasional updates as the collection grows). $4.00. 

Purchase entitles to receipt of all updates. 
Treasures at Butler University. 1986. 

Softbound; 21 pages. $7.50 



Design and Production: 

Butler University Office of Publications 



CO 



BUTLER UNIVERSITy