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Full text of "The Treat family : a genealogy of Trott, Tratt, and Treat for fifteen generations, and four hundred and fifty years in England and America, containing more than fifteen hundred families in America"

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3 1833 01394 1320 

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% ©cncctlogn of (Uratt, ®vntt, and Srcai 



With Illustrations, Autographs, caul a JJ<tf of Somcrsclskin 


The Salem Press PuulisiUng &* Printing Companv 

TIbc Sa'em HH'':*9. 



After ten years of constant labor, the Genealogy of 1 1 1* ■ Treat family has licen completed 
and published. It was a work of love on my part, and has required uol only much time, 
but quite a sum of money has been expended, for which no remuneration is asked. Jt 
was intended at first to publish the Genealogy in octavo form, but it was found that this 
would result in a large book of aboul one thousand pages, and it could not be bound in 
two volumes without dividing a family; so by increasing the size to a royal octavo, and 
using smaller type in the family records and notes, the number vi pages has been much 
reduced without omitting anything. The number of copies was "limited to four hundred, 
and the price placed at the bare cost of publishing, yet scarce two bundled copies have 
been subscribed for. .Some who were very anxious to have a family history, and made 
great promises, did nothing or next to nothing, not even subscribing for a book ; many 
willingly furnished records, but did not subscribe; others who would not even notice my 
letters of inquiry, did subscribe for a book. To such as assisted me my warmest thanks 
are due. and 1 Lave no hard feelings towards those who neglected to aid me. The loss, if 
there be any, is theirs, not mine. 

When my attention was first directed to the subject of genealogy, my purpose was to 
trace out my own line of descent, and nothing more. Becoming interested, I determined 
to hunt up all the descendants, male and female, of the Rev. Samuel Treat, of Eastham, 
Mass., the oldest son of Gov. Robert Treat of Conn., from whom 1 am descended. To 
that end a considerable collection was made, and some autographs obtained, which are 
here printed. At length it was thought best to publish a complete record of the entire 
Treat family. The record will be found to be very full. No pains have been spared to 
make the work a complete one. Places of interest have been personally visited. Records 
of all kinds — town, church, and probate — have been carefully searched, and the old bury- 
ing grounds have been examined. 

Some families by the name of Treat are not included in this book, for the simple reason 
that cither I had no knowledge of their existence, or because they made no reply to my 
letters of inquiry, it is my intention to continue my researches in order to obtain a fuller 
record of the family, and in due time to print an appendix containing such additions, and 
a correction of errors inseparable from a, book like this. The compiler is not always 
responsible for mistakes. Baptismal, town, and probate records, and inscriptions on 
gravestones do not always agree. Members of the same family differ as to dates. Some 


never kept a family record. Id such cases one lias to use his best judgment. It will bo 
coiibidcred a great favoi if persons would correct ouch errors as they may find, and send 
me additional material. There are two families which it was impossible to insert in this 
book in their proper place, owing to the lack of one or two links whereby they might be 
connected with some one of the branches; also quite a number of miscellaneous names, 
most dl' which, it is to be hoped, can be made to appear in their proper place in some 
future appendix. 

Prior Lo Sej >t . 3, 1752, time was reckoned according to two methods. The civil or legal 
year began on the 25th of March, which was the first month of the year, February being 
the twelfth. The historical year began .Tan. 1st, which was the first month of the year, 
and December the twelfth. Both methods of reckoning were in use, and frequently com- 
bined, as Feb. 1, 1710-1, which means that it was 1710 according to the civil year, and 
1711 according to the historical. In early records the name of the month is often not 
given but expressed in figures. In that case March was the first month. The dates have 
been given just as found in the records, without any change to make; the old style conform 
to the new. 

I am under great obligations to the following persons, who are not connected with the 
family, for many favors : 

John 11. Dyer, Town Clerk, Truro, Mass. ; Josiah Paine, Harwich, Mass. ; Hon. Charles 
Tubbs, Osceola, Penn. ; Frank W. and Josiah G. Leach, Philadelphia, Penn. ; William S. 
Goslee, Glastonbury, Conn. ; W. L. Sherwood, Newark, N. J. ; and Nathan G-. Pond, 
Milford, Conn. 

The following parlies have voluntarily sent me pecuniary contributions: 

Charh-s P. Treat, Chicago, 111., S50.00; Horatio Treat, West Newbury, Mass., $30.00 ; 
Silas B. Treat, Brooklyn, N. Y"., $15.00; Jonathan F. Treat, San Audieas, Cal., $10.00; 
Milo C. Treat, Washington, Penn., §5.00. 


The number of copies taken by each, and the name of the family branch from 
which this, a,c descended. 

Aldrich, Mrs. Abulia (Treat), Edwardsburgh, Cass Co., Mid 

Ainmon, Mrs. Mary J. (Treat), Estherville, Iowa. 

Avery, Mrs. Catharine Hitchcock (Tiidcu), Cleveland, Ohio. 

Backus, Mrs. Hattie Rogeaia (Wilson), Dulutli, Miiin. 

Baldwin, Judge C. C, Cleveland, Ohio 

Bartlett, Mrs. Caroline Eliza (Ilarrod), Annandale, N. Y. 
Barton, Mrs. Esther Trenl (Rushnell), Wellington, Ohio. 
Beers, Mrs. Gertrude Amanda (Treat), Dunbury, Conn. 
Benthall, Mr-. Rebecca A. (widow of Thomas A. Treat), Win 


Blanehard. Mrs. Alzina (Treat), Minneapolis, Minn. 

Boardman, Win. F. J., Hartford, Conn 

Boody, Mrs. Abbie Harriet (Treat), Brooklyn, N. Y. . 
Boyd, Mrs. S:i-an Dayton (Ilarrod), Annandale, N. Y. 
Brass, Richard William, Albany, N. Y. 
Buck, Rev. Kdwin Augustus, Fall River, Mass. 

Calkins, Mrs. Marie Frances (Treat), East Aurora., N. Y. 

Campbeli. Capt. Charles Ilarrod, Washington, D. C. . 

Case, Dr. Lafayette Wallace, Chicago, 111. 

Champion, Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth (Booth), New Haven, Conn. 

Chittenden, Mrs. Nellie M., Chicago, 111. 

Combs, Frank A , Cleveland, Ohio. .... 

Hiram A., Cleveland, Ohio. . 

Samuel M., Cleveland, Ohio. .... 
Coon, Mrs. Sally Betsey (Treat), Camden, N. J. 
Crane, Henry Ryland, Baltimore, Md 

Doane, John Adams, Atlanta, Ga 

Joseph Albert, Preston, Conn. ... 

William Howard, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Dorr, Mrs. Alma Althea (Treat), Frankfort, Maine. . 
Downes, Anson Treat, New York. .... 
'Dunham, Henry Chester, Middletown, Conn, 

Finlcy. Mrs. Mary Ann (Treat), South Manchester, Co 
Flagg, Mrs. Mary Frances (Lake), Keene, N. II. . 





























"TVlI ,nrt 


IvOI-tCl u. 






























Grant, Judge Charles Rollin, Akron, OkU 

Greenough, John James, Ft. McPhcrson, Atlanta, Georgia. 

Hanchett, Mrs. Augusta Lovin (Tilden), Hyde Park, Mass. 
Uiler, Henry Edward, Brockport, N. Y. .... 

Hoes, Mrs. Anna Elizabeth (Treat), Rondout, X. Y. . 
Ilovey, Cassius M., Brockpoit, N. Y. .... 

Treat James, Brockport, X. Y. . 

Jennings, Mrs Mary (Treat), Geneseo, X. Y. . 
Jessup, Mrs. Hannah More (Treat), Bridgewster, Conn. 
Johnson, Charles Andrew, New Orleans, La. .... 

Mrs. Emily M. (Treat), Eastha.npton, Mass. . 
Jones, W. C, .St. Louis, Mo. . 

Kirkholder, Mrs. Florine Augusta (Combs). Buffalo, X. Y. 
Knapp, Mrs. Oli\e (Treat), Cheshire, Conn. 

Lake, Mrs. Maiy Ellen (Treat), Piltsfield, N. H Robert. 

Lea, J. Henry, Fairhaven, Mass. ...... 

Lyon, Mrs. Angelina (Treat) , Cincinnati, Ohio. .... James. 

Mather, Horace E., Hartford, Conn. ..... 

McClure, Mrs. Caroline (Treat), La Porte. Indiana. 
McDonald, Mrs. Sarah (Treat), Cromwell, Conn. 
Millikan, Mrs. Mary Lueretia (Treat), Colony, Kansas. 
Moore, Mrs. Josephine Almeda (Treat), Leadvillc, Colorado. 

Paine, Robert Treat, Boston, Mass. ..... 

Pelleti. Mrs. X. li. (Treat), Middletown, Conn. 

Publisher. ......... 

Pumpelly, RapJiael, Dublin, X. II 




























Randall, Mrs. Emily Frances (Doane), Wyoming, Ohio. 

Randle, George Mather, Philadelphia, Pent). .... 

Richards, E. S., Reading, l'eiui. 

Sackett, Mrs. George, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio 

Sanger, Mrs. Maiy Robena (Treat), Bangor, Maine. 

Savage, Mrs. Grace Abbott (Treat), Bangor, Maine. 

Sawyer, Mrs. Elizabeth - Jane (Treat), Presque Isle, Maine. 

Schermerhorn, Gilbert Decker, Rondout, X. Y. 

Seymour, George Dudley, New Haven, Conn. .... 

Simonds, Mrs. Anna Maria (Treat), WolLlium, Mass. 

Stone, Mrs. Serena Elizabeth (Treat), Talliuadge, Ohio. . 

Tideott, Miss Mary C, Hartford, Conn 

Treat, A. Gilbert, Auburn, N. Y 

Adna Adams, Denver, Colorado. ..... 

Alonzo Lewellyn, Wadsworth, Ohio 

Mrs. A nine Mary (Ridley), widow of James Treat, Boston, Mass. Robert. 








































Treat, Benjamin Franklin, Coopersville, Mich. .... 

Benjamin Miller, Tonawanda, N. Y. 

Burnett F., Kansas City, Kansas. ..... 

Charles Barton, Buchanan, Berrien Co., Mich. 

Charles G., 1st Lieut., 5th Ait., Governor's Island, New York. 

C. JL, Akron, Ohio. ........ 

Charles Henry, Edgar, Nebraska. ...... 

Charles Henry, Baltimore, Md. ..... 

Charles Payson, Chicago, 111. 

Dr. Charles 1?-., Sharon, Wise. 

Rev. Charles Russell, New York city. . . . . , 

Charles Whitten, Blooming Prairie, Minn. 

Cornelius Mortimer, Clinton, Wise. .... 

Davicl Augustus, Rondout, N. Y. ..... 

Dennis, Tallmadge, Ohio. ....... 

Miss Delia Louisa, Hartford, Conn. ..... 

Durious William, What Cheer, Iowa. . . . . . 

Edward Adams, New York city. ..... 

Edward Beeeher, La Salle, 111 

Edward Holyoke, Riverside, C'al. ..... 

Edwin Buck, New York city. ...... 

Edwin Chapin, Ottawa, Kansas 

Edwin Parker, Frankfort, Maine 

Elgia E., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Ann Treat (Clark) llinrnan, widow of Calvin 

Treat, Tallmadge, Ohio 

Ezra Parker, Monroe, "Wise. 

Fayette, East Concord, N. Y. 

Franklin C, Coopersville, Mich. 

Frederick- Howard, Philadelphia, Penn. 

Miss Gail A., Baltimore, Md. 

Garry Lament, Marion, Iowa. 

George Ellery, Milwaukee, Wise. 

George Floyd, San Diego, Cal. 

George Russell, Meriden, Conn. 

Miss Gertrude Margaret, Baltimore, Md. 

Henry Bryan, Fremont, Nebraska. 

Horatio, AVest Newbury, Mass. 

Hovey, .... ... 

Howell Burr, Painesville, Ohio. 

Ira llascal, Anderson, Cal. 

Ira Ralph, Grand Rapids, Mich. . 

Irving C, Hartford, Conn. 

Mrs. Isabella Laidly (wife of Joseph Atwater Trc 

apolis, Ind. ' . 
Miss Isabel Martha, Roxbury, Mass. 
James Elbert, Methuen, Miss. 
Miss Jessie, Hammei'ton, N. J. 

eat), Indian- 










1 i 




1 i 


-, 1 
1 | 























































Treat, John Harvey, Lawrence, Mass. ...... Robert. 100 

John Jay, San Jacinto, Cat. ...... Robert. 

John Lee, New Haven, Conn. ...... Robert. 

John Sheldon, Portsmouth, N. II Robert. 

Jonathan ]'., San Andreas, C'al. ...... Robert. 

Dr. Joseph Augustus, Stiiart, Iowa. ..... Richard. 

Joseph Henry, Meadow Valley, Wise. .... James. 

Joseph R., Foster, Iowa. ....... Robert. 

Miss Julia Belinda, Claridon, Ohio. ' Matthias. 

Mrs. Julia Maria (widow of Alfred Amos Treat), Rondout, X. Y. Robert. 

Julius Allen, Sharon, Wise. ...... Richard. 

Miss Kate Sheldon, Buffalo, N.Y Robert. 

Leslie R., Janesville, Wise. ...... Matthias. 

Leverett Jackson, Union City, Penn. ..... Robert. 

Mrs. Lucinda (widow of Albert Treat), Orange, Conn. . Robert. 

Lyman L., Webster City, Iowa. ...... Richard. 

Miss Mabel Iluxford, Baltimore, Mo Robert. 

Miss Maiy Clark, Bridgeport, Conn. ..... Robert. 

Miss Mary E., Vienna, Ohio. Robert. 

Merritt Edward, Derby, Conn Robert. 

Milo Clinton, Washington, Penn. . James. 

Morgan, West Point, Va. ...... Richard. 

Mortimer Smith, Woodinont, Conn. ..... Robert. 

Mrs. Nancy (widow of William Treat), Hampden. Me. . Robert. 

Nathaniel I!.. Monroe, Wise. ...... Robert. 

Nathaniel William, Cohassetj Mass. .... .Robert. 

Orange Sackett, Tallmadge, Ohio. ..... Robert. 

Robert, New York city. Matthias. 

Robert Marcus, East Morris, Conn. ..... Robert. 

Rollin Jerome, Lima, Ohio. ....... Robert. 

Royal C, Chicago, 111 Richard. 

Royal Clark, Meadow r Valley, Wise. ..... James. 

Judge Samuel, St. Louis, Mo Robert. 

Samuel Atwater, Chicago, 111. Robert. 

Samuel Worcester, Rockford, 111. Robert, 

Sidney Clark, Weeping Water, Nebraska. .... Robert, 

Stiles Jonathan, Orange, Conn. ...... Robert. 

Sylvnnus Franklin, Cohasset, Mass. ..... Robert. 

Thomas, Le Mars, Iowa. ....... Richard. 

Victor Hugo, Ottawa, Kansas. ...... Richard. 

Warren Augustus, Marengo, 111. ..... Richard. 

Webster, Davisviile, Cal Robert. 

Willard James, St. Paul, Minn. Robert. 

'William, Brooklyn, Ohio. ....... James. 

William l'Siiio, Medford, Mass Robert, 

William Wyllie, Boston, Mass Robert. 

Turner, Walter A., Brookline, Mass. ..... Robert. 


Walker, Mrs. Fanny Webster (Treat), Buffalo, N. Y. . 
Whitchouse, Mrs. Evelyn Maria (Treat), Augusta, Me. 

Wolcott, Flora Isabella, Oberlin, Ohio 

Wolcott, Mrs. Harriet Esther (Treat), Tahnadge, Ohio. 
Wyman, Mrs. Helen Amanda (Sanderson), Baltimore, Md. 



Young, Mrs. Esther Clarissa (Treat), Kokomo, Indian! 



IN Hie year 1640, anil perhaps as early as 1C37, there probably resided in Liic town of 
Wethersliold, Conn., no less than ten persons, and possibly two or three more, who 
then bore the name of Treat, Tret, Trator Trot. Before proceeding further, it will not be 
out. of pl?ce to give n little account of the founding of a town which fur more than two 
hundred and fifty years has been, and still is the home of the descendants of some of its 

Governor Winthrop arrived at Salem, Mass., June 12, 1630. On the seventeenth of the 
same month, he and Sir Richard Sallonstall travelled through the woods to Gharlestown to 
select a place for settlement. Sallonstall, llev. George Phillips, and others of his friends 
commenced a settlement up the Charles river, at a place called by the Indians Pegusset, 
or Pigsgusset. Sept. 7, Uic Genera! Court gave the place the name of Waterton, or Water- 
town. July 30, 1 630, Saltonsta'l and about forty others drew up a liberal church cove- 
nant, which they signed. Their sufferings were so great the first winter that Saltonstall 
became discouraged and returned home the next spring, but left his two oldest sons. In 
1635, he sent over a vessel with twenty laborers, to make a settlement on the Connecticut 

As early as lG34,the number of inhabitants at Watertown and other neighboring settle- 
ments had so increased that there was no longer sufficient land for tillage and pasturage. 
They complained of "straitness of land, especially meadow." The colonists therefore 
began to think about removing elsewhere and founding new settlements. 

During the year 1631, the governors of both the Plymouth and Massachusetts colonies 
had been informed by the Indians of the beautiful and fertile valley of the Connecticut, 
but no steps .had as yet been taken to settle there. In 1G33, a party of newly arrived 
emigrants travelled due west, overland till they came to the same river, whither they 
moved the next year. The reports of the great fertility of the new country, in addition 
to the previous rumors, made the inhabitants of Watertown, Newtown (called Cambridge 
in 1638), Roxbury and Dorchester very eager to migrate. May 14, 1634, the Court gave 
the inhabitants of Newtown permission to migrate to some new place, provided that they 
selected a location not already occupied. But when it was known that their destination 
was Connecticut, this scheme was opposed h\ the Court at the session in September. In 
spite of this prohibition, some of the inhabitants of Watertown set out for the Connecti- 
cut, and passed the winter in temporary homes at a place called Pauquaug, or Pyquaag, 
by the Indians, which they called Watertown, and a lew years later. Wethersli<-hl, a veiy 
desir/ible tract of intervale along the river. This is said to have been the first town set- 
tled in Connecticut. 

Finding that the people were determined to emigrate, the Court on the sixth of May, 
1635, reluctantly gave the inhabitants of Watertown liberty "to remove themselves to 
any they shall think meetc to make choise of, provided they continue still under this 

(xi) K_ 


government." (Mass. Records, 1: U6.) The inhabitants of Roxhurj and Dorchester 
v.'ere granted :•. like permission. 

In l( ; .V\ many came from Watcrlown ; it is supposed that they came round by water, 
f.o the new settlement of Walcrtown on the bunks of the Connecticut. The same year 
some of the people of Dorchester removed to a settlement which they called Dorchester, 
and afterwards Windsor. In 1636, about a hundred men. women and children, with 
Rev. Mr. Hooker, from Newtown, or Cambridge, joined those already at Hartford. 

Ata Court held at New Towne, Feb. 21, 1G3G, it was voted to change the name of 
Wntertowne to Wythersfeild or VTeathcrsVcild, afterwards spelled Wclhersiiekl. The 
town was doubtless named alter Wethersfichl in Suffolk, England, on tiie borders of Cam- 
bridgeshire and Essex. The name of Newtovvne was also changed to Hartford towne, or 
Hartford, and Dorchester to Windsor. 

The inhabitants of Wet hersficld and Windsoi were compelled during the winter of 
1685-6, owing to the lack of provisions and the severity of the weather to retire to the fort 
built at the month of the Connecticut by the colonists whom Saltonstall had sent over 
in 1G35. They also suffered severely from the Indh ns. Being' high-spirited, courageous 
and full of adventure, they made no effort to conciliate the savage foes by whom they 
were, surrounded. In 1636, the Indians killed six persons and look seven captives whom 
they barbarously tortured to death. April 23, 1637, they killed six men and two women, 
and look as captives two maidens. They also killed twenty cows and did other damage. 

The people of Welhersfield suffered much from internal dissensions. Not above six of 
the early settlers ware members of the church, and only seven in 1639. They took no min- 
istc; with them, as did the other towns, who might have curbed and directed them. Owing 
to these discords, many of them were constantly leaving for other settlements. In 1641, 
efforts were made to reconcile the pai ties and bring about a peace, but without result. 
Thereupon twentj of the planters removed to Stamford. Among the principal men who 
remained in Welhersfield were Talcott, Willis, Hollister, Deming. Smith and Treat. 

The town of Wethersfichl voted Dec. 26, 1 689, to allon the inhabitants on the east, 
side, of the river to form a new town. The petition to the General Court was dated Feb. 
13, 1689-90, and the new town was incorporated May S, 1690, under the name of Gias- 
tenbury, often written in old documents Glassenbury. It was undoubtedly named after 
Glastonbury in Somersetshire, England., though with a slight variation in the spelling. 
Of laic years the name has been spelled Glastonbury. Richard Treat, si., owned a large 
tract of land in (his town, known as "the Treat farm," which he gave to his son Richard 
in 1668. .Some portions of this farm remained in the family down to the present genera- 
tion. See Rev. Alonzo Chapin's "Glastcnbury for two hundred years." 



J^"T"0 pone" logy is complete which does not, trace back the family to the mother country. 
\ But in tliis cuu there was a diilicnlty. The name of Treat does not occur at all 
among the nobility, genlrj or country families of England, nor can il be found among Eng- 
lish surnames, in any published book that I have seen. There were a few Trotts, another 
form of the Treat name, but that I then considered to be a distinct name. So tliere was 
no clew as to where I should look. Just then the names of Treat and Treate were dis- 
covered in recently published London Parish Registers, once a< early as 1590, and the 
names were our family names, Richard, Robert and Thomas. After many and vexatious 
delays and disappointments, 1 succeeded in finding' a competent gentleman. J. Henry Lea. 
Esq., of Fairhaven, Mass., who has made a thorough search of the English records. That 
great storehouse of wills, the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, was searched from 1503 
to 16f>7, and but one name of Treat in any form of spelling was found till 1.656. Nor 
could anything of value be found under the name of Trott. The Commissary Court of 
London contained a will of Robert Treate of 1.638, but that was of no value. All the 
various London Probate Courts were searched, some of them from 1504 to 17:S, but the 
name of Treat could not be found. Nor could it be found in the Lincoin marriage licenses, 
1598-1628; the early Lincoln wills, L2S0-1547; the Wilts marriage allegations; the 
Wilts Probate Court: the Lancashire wills, 1457-1680 ; or in the York wills. Oilier rec- 
ords were searched with like results. Finding the names of Tratt and Trott in some 
Somerset parish registers, our attention was turned in that direction, and with success 
as the results show. 

After finding the family in Somerset, the next thing was to trace it as fully and as far 
back as possible The wills of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury were again searched, 
the Wells, and Taunton wills were carefully examined, and the Taunton Manor Court 
rolls explored. This vast estate, the most ancient in England, dates back to the hep- 
tarchy. It was anciently given to the See of Winchester, and was divided into hundreds, 
Staplegrove, north of Taunton ; Narlsborne, or Nailsborne, north of Staplegrove ; Holway, 
southeast of Taunton ; Ponndisford, which included Pitminster, on the south; Otterford 
adjoins Ponndisford anil extends south to the borders of Devon ; Hull, now Bishop's Hull, 
on the west; Rympton far to the east towards Dorset; Taunton Castrum and Taunton 
Borough represent Taunton and environs. This was the old arrangement. These hun- 
dreds were again divided into tythings. A few words in these rolls require explanation. 
The lands and tenants of this Mauoi are for the 'most part of two soils — boundlands, 
containing ancient dwellings and tenements "liolden by a customary fine and rent certain, 
paying hr-riols and doing suits and services to the. same belonging;" overlands, upon 
which there were anciently no dwellings, ''holdcn by a fine and rent certain, and fealty, 



but the tenants thereof pay no heriots, nor do no other customs, suit, or service, for tlio 
same." See Shillibeers Ancient Customs of the Munoi of Taunton Dean, Tiverton, 
1821, a rare and interesting bock. In the Muniment room, Taunton Castlo. where these 
records nre kept, there has accumulated in the course of centuries, a mass of documents 
which would require months to examme, even if they were in good shape, but most of 
them :ire without any order, on shelves, tables and the floor. They have bee;; eaten by 
mice, corroded by damp and are black with dust. Besides, the style o( writing is such 
that no one but an expert can read them. They arc very valuable as showing where the 
family lived. A few of the most important leases have been given in Latin just as written. 
contractions, and all, but the others are a free translation of matters of interest contained 
in them. 

Very few parish registers date back of 1538. In that year orders were issued thai 
eveiy parish should keep registers of baptisms, marriages and burials. This was prob- 
ably owing to the dissolution of the monasteries in 1 ij/'O, by Henry vm. Many registers 
do not commence till 1558, the first year of Queen Elizabeth, while a great many early 
registers have utterly perished, and others arc very imperfect. All such as gave hopes 
of containing any information have been searched from Bridgcwater on the north, to Crew ■ 
kerne on the borders of Dorset; the full record has been given in some eases, partly to 
illustrate the varieties in the spelling of the name. 

The. family of Trott, quite as often spelled Trait after the middle of the sixteenth cen- 
tury, appears to have been a very large one in Somerset. The name also appears in 
Cornwall, Devon, Wilts, Bucks, Middlesex, Essex, Lincoln, Derby, Kent and doubtless 
elsewhere. Like all old names that of Treat has been swelled in various ways. In Eng- 
lish records, as also to some extent, in early Connecticut records, we find the name under 
these forms, — Trat, Trail. Tratte, Trate, Tret, Trett, Trette, Treat, Trectc, Trot, Troll, 
Trotte, Troote, Troot, Treat, Trcatt. Treate, and with a y<'\\ other varieties of spelling. 
The name of Treat and Trcatt exists to-day in England, but is an uncommon one. lean 
not find it in Kelly's Somerset Directory for 1 S.S3. Tratt and Trott occur occasionally. 

It is customary in most genealogies to give the supposed origin of the family name. 
These derivations are generally too far- fete bed and absurd to be of any value; so ) will 
say nothing, except that the origin of the name Treat is unknown. In its present form 
it is certainly as old as 1572. How much further it can be traced ] Know not. It is 
probably of local origin. The different ways of spelling are doubtless the result of pro- 
nunciation, or the corruption of oilier names. 

Belo« will be found some of the results obtained by research in England, selected from 
a large mass of material obtained : 

Parish of St. Antiiolin, Budge How, 1538-17S4. 

1500, April 5, Dorcas, dan. of Thomas Treate. (Baptized.) 
1671, Aug. 29, Elizabeth, wile of Joseph Trayte. (Buried.) 

Parish of St. Pktbr, Corkiui.i., I53S-100G. 
lCr.O, Jan. o, Mary, dan. of Richard Treat by Giles Cripple-ate & Robert ffalrechild. (Married.) 

Parish of St. Hotou-ii, Bishopsgatk, 1558-1753. 

1G2C, Nov. 1, Richard Treate of St. Mary WoUnoth & Mary the dan. of William Averill, of this 
Palish, pr. He. Dr. /><»■.'.•. (Married.') 

IG32, April S. Jane ti. of Richard £ Mary Treate. (Baptized.) 

ids, Aug, 21, Robert Treate, 7(i. (Buried). 


Parish ob St. Mauy Woolnotu, I.iKS-1670. 

1C27, Sept. 2. Marc, dau. of Richard Trcatc. (Bapt.) 

1629, .Tune 28, Murgarett, .Ian. of Richard Treate. (Bapt.; buried Aug. 8, 1G29.) 

1G30 July 25, Richard, son of Bicliard Tivli, goldsmith. (Bapt. ; buried July 30, IG30.) 


1G22. Sept. :!, Robert Treat, of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate, London, Goldsmith, & Lucretia Keane, 
widow of Richard Keane, Goldsmith; nt. St. Gregory's, Loud. 

1G2G, Oct. 31, Richard Tr< nt, of Sl. M iry Woolnoth, London, Goldsmith, & Mary Averill, of St. 
Botolph, Bishopsgate, London, Spinster, dau. of Win. Averill of same, Merchant, Taylor; at St. 
Botolph's als d . 

Parish or St. Oi.oitoi:, Hanoveu S(>t T Ai;i<:. 

1790, Nov. G, George Purse & Esther Treatt. (Married.) 

1794, Dec. 30, Richard Hutchinson & Sarah Tratt. . 
1799, Dec. 21, Charles Spriggs, B. & Collembery Tratt, S. 

liiciiAi:i> Chut Tbkatt, Dunster House, Mincing Dune, London, 10. C. I received a letter from 
hint. date. I May 81, 18S8. His father, John Burford Treatt (member of the Loudon Ail Union from 
Exmouth in 185G), and his grandfather Richard Curl Treatt, were both born in Kxmouth, Soutli 
Devon. aud were both engaged in the shipping business, owners of ships, small ones. His mother 
told him that the name was formerly spelled Treate. He had two uncles, both dead now, Henry 
Treat!,, a lawyer in London, and George Tieatt. Am informed that lie is a very fine appearing 
gentleman. Is a dealer in Altar of Roses, Essential Oils, Flower Pomades, etc. 


Pahi in of St. Edmund. 

1571, April 23. Henry Tret & margarct weildall. (Married.) 

1580, August 30, manryse vprice «■ Kathcrine Trcyt. " 

Paiush en' St. Thomas. 
1G!1, ll'ebruarie, Elizab : Trote.a stranger, 28. (Buried.) 

Parish or St. Martin. 
15V2, may 9, Richard treate Blius David treate. (Buried.) 



IfiO.-,, Deo. 2. Ann, dan. of Richard TroU. 

1G07, Dee. 23, Blanch, dan. of Richard Tratt. 

1(510, Aug. 19, Jane, " " " " (She m. Nov. 4, 1G37, Richard Secvlns.) 

1612, Dec 15, Blanche, " " " " (She was bur. Jan. 7, 1615.) 

1614, June 19, Peeter, son " " " 

1020, .""eli. 4, Richard Trat. 

1C33, Sept. 4, Sarah, dau. of Thomas Traite. (Baptism.) 


1688. Will of Robert Treate (called Roger by mistake, in Calendar &, Probate Act. Book), of the 
Parish of St. Bnttolph without Bishopgate, Loudon, goldsmith, ol'pfect health and memory; Dated 
19 Sept. 1(13.-,, 11 K. Chas. ; Rnule to god & body to earth in Christian burial at discrctian of niyne 
Executrix; To poor of St. Buttolphs without Bishopsgate, London, "where now I am & of long 
tyine haue beene a parishioner" 13s. 4d. ; To my veiie loving (Trend Mris Constance Hake my gold 
/scale ring: To nephew Richard Treate 10s. i'"v a remembrance of me ; All rest & residue of goods, 
Chattelis, Plate, ready moneys, debt X whatsoever els of mine debts and funeral expenses paid, to 
my veiie loving wilt Lucretia Treate & she sole Executrix; In witness, &c, Robert Titat; Wit: 
Holier! Ilaney, Ricli : Merydale, Phillip L'eirson servant to tie- said Rich : Merydale; Pro!), fuit .!lc. 
xxiij die Augustj 1G33 cora Mro: Henrico Uiliiughain Artm Mro Surro &c. jtiramento Lucretiae 
Treate telic.'et ex.' 1 ' &c. Book 1U31-3S,, fol. 353. 

Probate Act. 


1638. Mense Angustj — viccsimo tcrtio Die probatus fait Testamenlum Roger) [Robert!] Trcale 
imp pa3 Su Bolbi extra Bishopgatc London defunct — Jiiraniento Lucretiae Treale Kelicae et i x r ', 
&c. &c. de bene i.e. &c. i ivit London flidisJu vi x" n 313- 13-10. 

Probate Act Book — 1638. 


April 1656. The third day Lres or Adcon issued out unto lirldgett Treate the relict of Richard 
Treal late of the parish ol O.'aves Silverstreelc Loud & decease d To adter the goods chclls and debts 
of the sd deeeucl, she being first sworn truly to admsjter &c. -liny Extd. Admon. Act lit:, l'o. S3. 

1G65. Bridget Treat. Com. issued 23 Oct. for Admon of goods &c. of Bridge! Treat, late of psh. 
of St. Olavea in SifversUeet, Lyndon, to Richard Marrell, brotlier of deceased. Inv. Ex. vj" viij". 

Act IJk to. l 15. 

On the opposite page is a map of a part of Somerset County, England. Mile circles radiate from 
Taunton as a centre. 

Weli.s Probate Court. 
(Searched from 1538 to 1GC0.) 

152$. Nicolas Hcnsley, of Wootton Courtney, Dat 10 Oct. 1528. To Church of Lnccombe, 
ii:j>l. Witness, Peter Trott. (Wotton Courtney is twenty-two miles northwest of Tuuutoii; three 
miles southwest "f Minehead.) 

1530 Thomas Kyng, of Crewkerne, Dat. 8 Sept. 1530 Witness. William 'I rotte. 

1530. Radulphus Ensjlishc, of N. Petherion, Dat 12 Mav 1530, Wit. Join. Trotte. 

1581. Wiilium Slaiidord, of JL Pelherton, Dal. 22 Feb. 1531. Wit. John Trole. 

1532. Roger Ihn!ord, of Wotton. Dal. )G M ireli 1532. Wit. Sir Petrus Trotte. 

1533. Alyse Nncion, ol Asholt, Dat. 1G .Ian. 1533; "to Tiios Trotl a vow hogg,"— that is, a young 
ewe sheep. (Asholt is seven and one-half miles northwest of Taunton; two miles southeast Over 

1533. John Symon, of Porlock, Dat. nit. Sept. 1533. Wit. William Trott. (Porlock is twenty - 
miles northwest of Taunton ; I mr miles west of Miuehea 1 ) 

1534. Sir Peter Trotte, Parson of Wotton Cowrtney, Dat. 22 Jan. 1534. Mentions bro. William 
and his son John. ( l'l-.e will is quite lengthy and interesting. See will of William Trott of Por- 
lock, 1548, Taunton >\ ills. ) 

1G33. John Tratt of Pitminster, Co. Somerset, Chirnrgibn, sicke & weake in body ; Dat 11 April 
1633; J give £5 of my marriage money into hands of Overseers and Exouuors, to be disposed as 
they see fit, & £10 more to be raise, i lor the same purpose; wife Edith all the rest of marriage 
money; dan. Elizabeth £30 in one year; Richard Paul! 20 marks by 40 s. a year; John Paul: ijs. ; 
dau. i'.:iiili iOs. : eveiie of godchildren xi.i d. ; for sayd Richard Paull the newe Coffer in my Cliuiner 
al the slavre bead: snvrle dau. Elizabeth the mid. lie brasse Crocke & a brasse pann; sonn Cl.risto- 
phc I- Tratt Resid. Leg! & Executor; Overseers brother Richard Tratt and friend- Philipp Ilaj n< & 
Thos.Alvyn; witnesses Edward Onry, Not. Pub. & Richard Tratt: signed by mark: Inventory taken 
xlh of May by Richard Trait & Phil'. Hayne; Sum total 1x7 li. (£G7) ijs. iiijd.; Prob. May 10, 1G33. 

Piled will, no. 170. 


(Registered Wills from 153S to 1503.) 

1546. Thomas Beste. of Sliepton Bechamp; dat. 15 Nov. 154G; pro]). 8 Jan. 1546; witness Rich- 
ard Trott. . Vol. 153S-1546, fob 191. 


1622. Thomas Scaddingc of Angersley ; weake of body: Dat. 17 June 7022; to brother William & 
sister kathreu best Cloake, Dublct& brerches; .". tanlats w cl ' I had of my lather my will is they shall 
backe to him againe: lo lc-nerd Trait ihe sonn of Richard Trait my bro in lawe iij' iii.i'': godson 
Thomas Scaddinsrc xij' 1 ; Edward Douieltbest [Iatt;Ohristopher bnncome oweth xxvj* viij' 1 \n hereof 
1 give him vj" v!lj d ; wvfe with childe sheto pay it £20 al :: years ami overseers to have charge of s,l 
monev; wyf'e Res. 1,-:;. & Executrix ; Overseers m Donn-il i Wm. Scadding; Wit. John Scaddinte 
& John Doininelt; Prob. 7 Nov. 1(122 bj Extx. lriv< utory li" xvij' iii.i' 1 . Filed will, no. :•!. 

1G25. John Tiatl nfTnnnbm, Co. Somerset, glovicr, sickc ol liodye; Dal 7 June 10-5; to sonne 
xpol'ev Trail jCiioul ol C50 which will growc clew out. o!' Poole walle mills after the decease of xpof it- 
Gardner and Dorothye his wile, mj Ilier; sonne Stephen T.aii IOs. which was given him by John 

Ci-sse my hrothcr-in-lawe deceased and now In hands of xpofer Gardner, my fathei'-in-lawe; wief 
Elizabeth Res. Leg. £ Ex.; Overseers William .lent and George Tonipsou; wit. John wrentmore, 




Petei Godwin, Christopher Trail (signed bj mark). Seal, A chevron between three . . . . (oblit- 
erated). Frob. 24 March 1G25-U. Filed will. 

1030. John of Angerslio, Diocese Bath and Wells: sick of bodio; Dal. Ninlen Day of 
October, 1 (130 ; to parish Church of .\ iiir«-r.-.l:c > ijd. ; to J ) . i I'l ..■ i ( 'nil ion Scadim; on .nd I'orlie pounds, 
K '1 nickel bead performed & best Clloeke & Ica.-ser ycarlen, a brass Calldi en, seillet .< Candell sticke, 
to Pllators, line hareils, lo Tubes to make ilooc in & on Oeeve, to Conors; the bord in the Che- 
cheii cl the bencheu in the II. ill & the Hud] Ironic with in I lie middell Dore shall nor lie moved out 
of the howsc; sonne will him Sccadin.u's Daffter Annc.i Sccadiny best yearlen ; Dafler in hie Joiine 
Sccading on of the best lames ; Sonne Thomas Sccuditig's Dafter Elizabeth Sccadding my second best 
Inme; sonne in Eaw< Hichard 'l'rate & his three Sonnes Bencrd, Itlchnrd & Kobeat. n lame \ peace; 
sister Deciles Scci-diug ui.V worser Clloeke & un wast Cote; to godchildren xij d. a peace; sonne 
william lies. Leg. & Ex.; Overseers. Richard Trat & John Sowthey (no signature or witnesses); 
l'rob. i Nov. 1G30 by Ex. : Invent. ix h 8 s 8' 1 Filed will, no. 48. 

I c 40. Stephen Priest of Pitminster; sick of bo/lie; Dat 1 Oct. 1010; to pool of Pitminster xxs. ; 
mother An tforrish xxs. a vere lor life lo wards l he Reparation of iter uparell to bo provided by John 
Preist; to Edeih Mhllam tite wiffe of Richard Midhim xx s. ; Edeth Trail xx s. ; Elizabeth Tratt 
Xx s.; Elizabeth Edwards xs. ; Imi. John Preis! whome I make Exr. one wheten mow: Overseers, 
fids Richard Tratt & William Scadding (signs by mark) ; no u ituesses; Prob. 2G Nov. 10*0 by Exr. 

Filed will, no. 152. 

oi.r. i a i :;iov c.'.ixndaes. 

These Calendars cover the period from )7>(:7, or thereabouts, to 1G49. They arc now superseded 
by the New C dend .rs which contain only the v. ills that still exist. The names here noted represent 
only such- wills as have now perished utterly, but are noteworthy as clews to localities, and as fix- 
ing" relatively the date ol decease of the testators. 

Jo'.is-y. Pitminslef, Test. Roherti Tratt, File vii, no. in:,. 

1614. Pytminster. " Hugonis (jaylerd, ■' 110 

PitrnotiATivc Court of Canterbury. 

(Searched from 1503 lo 1037.) 

k'81 John Trote of Bishops Coniptou, Co. Somerset, husbandman ; sick of bodye; Dat 20 July 
1581, 20 Eliz. ; Buried in Chyd of Compton; to soun Hubert Trotte all ploughs, iveanes. luii-ties's 
&c., & ■! sheepe; use of pi lughs to wile for life; dan. Elizabeth Trott 30 ewes & weathers, 2 siJip 
spoones, 20 bush, of vvheate, 2 platlers & crooko; yr. soim william Trote same bequest; if wife 
inarrj then to each a Cowe; wife Joane Trott lies Eeg&Extrx; Overseers william Vrche &. Join 
Prise; Wit. Win. Atwill, win. Vrche, John Prist, Symyon B urges; Debts, to .John Syluester £3 
whereol Gs 8d is paid in rent; Henry Koo £7: Debts owing me fr Ceo Itust, 50-s; Steven Dinner ?t;s 
(Sd ; Goodman Hopper of yealingford 4ys -lei. : l'rob. 14 Aug. l.".8J by Peter Johnson, Not. Pub., Ally 
for relict & Extrx. Watson 22. 


1G08. Christopher Trott. May 20 Commission issued to Charles Ley one of the Creditor.- of 
xpofer Trott, late ol Taunton, Co. Somerset, deceased, to administer &c. Invt. Ext. 4'° Joins 1C0!J. 

Acl Book, fo. 113. 


Bridgewatkb Rkgistkus; Parish of St. Mary Magijai.kne. 

This town Is nine miles northeast of Taunton. 

uapi'isms 1558-164G. 

1003. Oct. the 28— Alexander Trott. 

mahriages 1558-1 G53. 

1C 15. June 9 — Jacobus Tratt et Joanna Baa trow. 

BURIALS 15G0-1589. 

1575. June the 17— Thomas Tratt 
1570. Julj the 17— John Trot 

There are Tratts and Trotts in Bridgewater now. 

Ovek-Stowmt Rkgistkus; Ciii'ncii of St. Mary Magdatenk. 
(Records searched 1538-1053.) 
Situated eight and one-half miles west of Bridgewater and nine and one-hall miles northwest of 
Two entries of Trote and Trait between 13G5 and 1G2G. Also a Hugh Bearde alias Trott. The 


will of John Beavde alia? Trotte, Tanner, of Over-Stowcy, June 8, 1550, is recorded i:i the Taunton 
Probate Court. 

Noictii Petherton Registers; Church or St. Mahy. 
North Petherton is a large town in the Hundred of North Petherton, between Bridgcwater and 
Taunton, two and one-half miles south of the former, and six and one-half miles northeast of 


1564, Sept. 29, John Trait. 1G1C, Hearne Trott signs as Churchward! n. 

1506, Oct. 28, Marye Tratt. Kilts Oct. IS, Symou s< of Syiuon TraU. 

1568, Kept. 20, Joliane Tratt. • 1619, Out. IS, Thomas sonuc of t ho : Tratt. 

157!, July 22, Margaretl Tratt. 1621, llcb. 10, Michaell sonn ol' Thomas Tratt. 

1578, March 8 S.vmon Tratt. 1624, July 25, Peter (soue of Thomas) Tratt. 

157!), March the 0. John Tratt. 1626,. Sept. 3°, Katheriu (daugh: of) Thomas 

1581, June 28, Peeler Trait. Tratt. 

1581, Oct. 8, Hearne Tratt 1C29, Sep: 27. Joane (da :1 of Thomas Tratt. 

1583, Nov. 10, Catharine Trott. 1631, Oclob: 18, Simon son ofTho; Tratt. 

1586, Jan. :-2, Johine Trott. 1633, Oct. 8, James s: of James Tratt. 

1588. Oct ) 3, Thomas Tratt. 1033, Thomas Trail, .signs as Church 

1603, Sept. ■!, Mareerj Tratt. warden. 

1606, IT. I). 1, Marie 111: Symon Trat. 1635, Jan. 17. Mary d: of James Tratt & Mary. 

1609 Jan. 9, Symon sonne of S.\ mon Trott. 1637, Jun s 29, John S : of Thomas Tratt & Mar- 

jOi^', Sept. 6, James sonne of Symon Trait. garet. 

Kile., Oct. 1, Margaret du : of Sj mon Tratt. 1039, ffeb. 16, James f : Tho i Tratt & Jo.-.n. 


1559, July 3, Robte JeSerye-Margarei Trot',. 1600 ; ffeb. 10, John Goodlngc el Johaue Tratt. 

1559, Dee. 1 i, James Tratt-Alicu Samwis. 161», fl'eb. 3. John Clatworthj to Jane Trait 

1505, ffeb. 11. Robert Samwis-Kargaret Trott. 1627, Sept. 24, Philip flan-well and inargery 
1577, May» 1!, Then. a? Tralt-Johaiie Dave. Tratt. 

1585, Jun : :'!. lixpofer Bastsble-Gresigan Tratt. 1029, Octoh : 19, John Hurley and tnarv Tratt. 
160'i, Oct. 30, Hearne Trait et Jane Symes. (Chasm fiom .Mar. 22, l'c30to April 6. 1040) 

1001, .May Id, Robert Calchmao cu Katheryne 1646, James Tratt signs as uiiurch- 

Tratt. warden. 

1605, ffeb. 13. Symon Trat et Magdalen Good- 1049, June 9, Ellzeus Mostram to Katherin 

inge. Tratt. 


1558, maye 29. Johane Tratt. 1611, Jan. 2. Svraon sonn of Svmou Tratt. 

1572, June 17, Alice Trott. 1618, Jan.- 0. Hearne Trail. 

1577. Novemb: 0, Agnis Tratt. 1625, Apr. 10, Symon Trait. 

1596, Janu ; Si. Thomas Tratt. 1629, Decemb: 30, Margarett Trott vid. 

1098, Aug. 19, Thomas Tratt. 1034, Sep : 10, Simon S. of Tho : Tratt. 

1605, Aprill 20, Elizabethe Trat, vid: 1G37, Jul v 4, James S: of Ja: Tratt. 

1010, June 17, John Tratt. 

Stapi.egrove Registers, 1538-1G40. 

This parish is one and one-half miles northwest of Taunton, ll formed part of the Parish of SI 

James, Taunton, whose early records are lost, till the reign of Elizabeth. There was a chapel of 

St. John here much earlier than that period. In this parish we find the first traces of the Trott family. 

The inhabitants were very few in those clays. No trace of Troll. Tratt or Trett can be found in the 
Registers from 1538-1010. The family must have moved away at an early period. 

Taunton Registers. 

Taunton is a place of great antiquity. It was a Roman station, ami was early in Hie possession of 
tjie West Saxons. Jt is in the Hundred of Taunton ami Taunton Dean, and the Deanery am! Arch- 
deaconry of Taunton. Time are two ancient churches here besides several modern ones. Several 
Trott families now reside here. 


Church ov St. Mauy Magdalene, 
baptisms 1558-1640. 

1505, Oct. katherine Daughter of xpofer Tratt 1004, Jan. margerct Daughter of laurence Tratt 

•I daie. S vliiio 

1S37, .Ian. Jane Daughter nf xpofer Tratt 22 1GI0, Apr. Stephen sone of John Tratt 15 

daie. 'laic. 

1599, Apr. Dorothie Daughter of xpofer Tratt 1621, Mnye Christou Sonne of John Tratt G 

!• daie. daie. 

1G01, mar. Xpofer sonne of xpofer Tratte 17 1G23, Apr. Jolm Sonne of John Tratt 6 daie. 

daie. 1025, Julij Marey Daughter of John Tratt 17 


MARRIAGES 1558-1640. 

1579, Jan. Thomas Prist-Eileth Ednen. IS daie. 

Chasm from May IC, 1580 to June, 15S8. 
1604, Jnlic Tiion:. willis & Elizabeth Tratt 2-'< " 

1G04, Aug. Christover gardener and Ilia widowe tratte 20 " 

1818, Jniie John Tratt and Elisabeth Tampson 8 '• 

1618, June John Dross (Cioss in the will p. 4) ami Dorothy Trait 28 " 

burials 1558-1G53. 

(Chasm from June 0, 1580 to March 22, 15S7; fragmentary from 1043 to 1651.) 

1597, rfeb, Jane the Daughter of xpofer Trott 13 daie. 

1603, Aug. Christofer Tratt 2 " 

1024, Aug. John Trott 3 " 

1625, June John Trait H " 

1638, June Mary Tratt 11 " 

Church oi" St. James. 

BAPTISMS 1G10-1G40. 

I62R, Jan. The 20th Christofer Sonne of Christofer Trate 
1C.28, Sept. The same day (11) Barbara dau<rhtei of xpofer Tratt 
•1629, /sue;. The 30 John somic of Xpo Trait 
1630, Aug. 'J he 23 Thomas Sonne of Christopher Tratt. 
1637, Aug. The 27 Henry the sonne of Christopher & Charily Tratt. 
1G39, ffeb. The it; Katlierlne tiic Daughter of Christo: & Cliaritie Tratt 

MARRIAGES 1610-1639. 

1032, .Inn. Tiie II James Trott and Mary Sauidge 

burials 1610-1640. 

1628, Sept. The 20 Barbeira daughter of Xpofer Trail 

1629, Sept. The first Peter sonne of Christofer Trait. 
1632, Oct. 'fee ho Barbara the wife of Christopher Trott 
1032, Nov. The 3 William the sonne of Christopher Trott 

Bisnor's Hull Registers; Church of St. Peter. 
(Registers searched 1562-1640.) 

Anciently called Hull, in the hundred of Hull. Situated one and one-half miles wcsl of Taunton. 
The family had holdings here. ]S T o Trott entries. 

Bradford Registers; Church of St. Giles. 

Situated four and one-half miles southwest of Taunton, and one and one-half miles northeast of 

BAPTISMS 1558-10-15. 

1503. xiijth c'ayo of march Anne tratt the dau. of John tratt 

1596. !S day of Jim. willium tratt the sonne of " 

1610. )'|iiti|) the dau. o! Jolm trail was li.-ipl. the xxi>:th daie of Julie 

1623. Johiine t.he. .Ian. of William trait was bapt. the xvijth day of Aug. 

1025. John the souue " " " " " the xlh of July 


1627. Robert the soiinc of William tratt was bapt. the xxixth of July 
It;'.'!). William the " " " " " '■ the ad September 
1«B1. Phillip " " " '• " " " the 4ili March 
1635. Francis ye sen," " " Trott & Anne his wife bapt. Apr. 12 
n;:!7. Anne daughter of William & Anuu Trntt July 30 

MAllR] VOKS 15G1-1G52. 

]oS3. xxvij daye of maye Thomas person & Tamsen Trott 

BURIALS 15S8-1653. 
1606. xix daye of march willm Trntt 

1G04. iToliane Trail. widdowe was bur. the xvvjth daye Oi 'December 
1612. John Trntt was bur. the iiijth day of September 
1G19. riiyllip Trott wydow & Robert so:me of Will : Trott flebruary 26th 

Wkst Bucklaxd Registers; Church of St. Mary. 

Situated two miles east of Wellington and live miles southwest of Taunton. Baptisms exist only 
after 1G84. 

MARRIAGES 1530-1017; CHASM 1G17-1G82. 
1580. xpofer tratt & Elizabeth his wife were mar. the xxvth daie of Julye 

BURIALS 1538-1615. 

163G. Marian wife of Charles Ley of Toole was bur. the-xviiijth of Oct. 

1641. diaries Ley was bur. the ninth of August. 

Tins Charles Ley of Poole is no doubt the Charles Ley who administers the Estate of Christopher 
Trait of Taunton in 1608 (p. 5). Wits doubtless the son of Alice Ley, alias Farthing, with whom 
the Trotts had transactions in lUoO. Her will was proved at Taunton in 1612, bul is lost. See the 
Taunton Manor Court Jiolls (p. 18). 

Milverton Registers; Church or St. Michael. 
(Registers searched from 1538-1613.) 

Situated seven miles West of Taunton. 

1577. John Trott the sonne of> r John Trott minister was baptized the xxviijthDaic of December 

l;js9. Tliomasine Trott was buried tbe-xxxlh Daie ofmaie 

1594. 'ihe second Daie (March) Marmeduke Tratt was inducted vicar 

1604. Robte Bicknell & Margaret Tratt wcare marie, i the xxijth Daie of October 

1610. Man nail uke Trait Vicar of mi I vert on was bur. tic xiji h day of Decern!) 1 

Kill. Johaue Tratt the wieff of Ilenrie Tratt was bur tin fourth Daie of November 

1G15. Emet Trot was buried the 20th oi July nil.". 

1621. William Tratt anil Asms l'anisli wcare married the 8th of October 

1628. AleXHUder Trail, ami Elizabeth Griddle married the 28th of January 

1629. Joane Trott the dau. of Alex. v«; Eliz. was bapt. the 2Gtli of Nov. 

1631. Elizabeth Trott ye dau. " " " •' " the same day (27 Nov.). 

Elizabeth Trott Jnfant was bur. ye last day of December 

1G3S. William the sonne ol Henry (?Ah-x) .!': Elizabeth Trail, was baptized ye 26th of May 

1635. Elizabeth ye dau. of Alex i Elisab : Tratt was bapt. on ye 13th Sept: 

1(!3R. Henry Trott was buried Nov : ye 17th. 

Ii;:l7. Mary ye Dau. of Alex. & Eliz. Troll was bapt. march ye 4th. 

1638. " " " '• " was buried ye 17th of June 

1639. Dorothy ye Dau. of Alex. & Eliz. Tratt was bapt. on ye 9th daie of June 
1641. Elizabeth Tratt ye Dau. of Alex & Eliz. was bur. Oct:" 20th 

Here is the autograph of Marmadukc Tralte (1604). 

Wii.ton Register*; Ciiuucn or- St. George. 
Situated half a mile south ol Taunton. 


marriages 1559-1640. 

1502. Johes Troott et Hiillippia Hynaford nuptizati fucrunl duodecimo dl ; meDss Decumbris 
Anno Dili 1592. 


These registers arc exceptionally perfect. The first few loaves w ith about two years of baptisms 
have been torn out. In oilier respects the book seems perfect, and without the chasms that dis- 
figure so many of these records. The writing is also singularly good and clear. 


I5G4. Alee trott the Daughter of llobart trott was Bapt the iiijth Dave offfo.brnarye, 

1570. John Trott the son of Kobart trott was Bapt tie- ::ti, Dnye of September. 

1575 Mary Trott the Dau of Kobart trott was Bapt the vi Hay of lleb. 

1577. trott Dau of Kobart trott was Bapt the xviijth Day of february. 

J58I. Tamsin trott Dau of Rohart trott was Bapt the xxvjth of may. 

1584. Richard trott son of Kobart trott was Bapt the xxv'jijth Day "of Aug. 

1508. Chi [stover Trott son of John Trott was Bapt tiie viijth of Sapt. 

1599. Thomasin Trott dau of John Trott was bapt the _\\;h of iTebruary. 

1602. Edith Trotte dau of John Trott was bapt the xviijtli of •ipri'l. 

1615. Honor Trat dau of Richard Trat was bapt the xixth day ol March. 

1616. Leounrt Trait souue of Leonnrt Tratt was bapt ye xxjth day of April. 
1618. Joan Trail Dun. of Richard Trott was bapt the xxiiijth day of may. 

(The above first entered Jo: and altered to Richard.") 

Ids ffrancis Trott sonne of Leonart Trott was bapt the xvJiijth day of August. 

1620. Suva Trott Dau of Richard Droit, bapt the Third dtiic of December. 

1621. Robert Trott sonne of Leonart Trott was bapt the 26 of Sept: 

1622. Richard Trott sonne of Richard Trott was bapt the ixtii day of Jan. 
1624. Uobt: Trott sonne of Richard Trott bapt ye xxvih ol ('february. 
1627. Kb/ali i Tratt dau of Richard was bap! the xxv day of Ju!v. 

1630. Susunna Tratt dati of Richard was ba] t the 8 Hi day of O itober. 

1631. Abce Tratt daa of Richard Tratt was bapt the ifitli ol February. 

1634. James Tratt sonne of Richard Tiatt & Alice his wife was Baptized yc 20th. of July. 
1687. Katheriue Tratt dau of Ricliard Tratt & A bee his wife was bapt the 29th of June. 


1532. Edmond moreoin was married to Alee trott the xxvjth day of Junii. 

15513. nicolas Collin ivas mar to .loan trot! the xxjt'i day ol may. 

151)7. Kobart Babb widwore was mar to mary Trott. Daughter of Robt: Trott the viijiii Day of 

150S. John Trott son of Kobart trctt was ioyned in marridge to Edith Prist Dan of Edieth prist 
v.'id : tin xxiiijth of Apriell. 

1595. John Aplin si 11 of Richard Aplin was ioyned in marr. to Agnes Trott Daughter of Kobart 
trott the xxvijth day of August. 

1611. Leauard Trott of the pishe of Curlaud was mar to Dunes Wealand Daughter of Robt: 
wayland the xxvijth day of deceinber. 

1C15. Richard Trett was mar. to Alice Gaylard the xxvij day of April. 

1622. Robert Tiott and>: ffry wee mar the l'2th ilay of Julie. 

1639. Richard MiiHaiu was Mar to Edith Trait widow Use loth of June. 


1544. John Trott son of Richard trott was buried the xvjth day of October. 

1599. Rohart Trail was bur the xvjth day of ffebruary. 

1615. Thomasin Troll Dau of John Trott. was bur the first day of may. 

1627. Honour Tratt Widowc was bur the xvijlh day of September. 

16: J ,3. John Tratt was bur the 7th of may. 

1633. Alice Trott dau of Richard Troll was bur ve 2d of August. 

1650. Edith Tratt Widow Was bur the IStll or January. 

1656. Elizabeth Trait Widow Was bur the 24th of ffebruary. 

IdO'J. Elizabeth Tratt was bur the loih of Nouember. 

OrTK'fi'ORn Registers; Church or St. Leonard. 

Sitnated south of Taunton and Ritmiustcr, six miles distaui from the foiT.icr place. Some of Hie 
family had holding-! here and their names appear in the registers. The registers are very defec- 
tive. About 1810, the warden, who was a shop-keeper, used them in doing up his goods. 


iviitmis 1558-1G50. 

1571, .Tan. 2.*>. Richard sonnc of John Trottu christened. 

1574, Sept. 3. John 

1577, Sept. 8. Leonard 

1581, Dec. 20- Joaue Daughter of " 

1583, July 14. William sonno of " Trait 

1591, May 15. Thomas " 

1601, June 19. Susan daughter of William Trott Baptised 
1623, Aug. 10. Kli/alietli daughter or llenrv Trott. 
1G24, Mar. 20. Elizabeth " Leonard Tratt 

1G25, May 8 (Susan, see burinls) daughter of Henry Tratt. 

Ki27, Sept. 1G. Lam-iu, ,i.i daughter of Henry Trett. 

1G30, Mar. 20. Charity " " ' " 

1G32, Feb. 17. Henry sonne " Tratt. 

1G3."., Nov. 8. Grace tliu Daughter of Henry 'J rait & Alice his wife bapt. 

1G37, Mar. 18. Susanna " " " " " " " 

1G39, Jan. 12. William ye Sonne of John Trait & Susanna his wife. 

1G42, April ye 10. Johu yc sonne •■ " " " " 

MAltl'iAGr.S 1558-1G55. 
159-, April 17. Richard Clengcr & Agnis Tratt were married. 

burials 1558-1655. 

1577, Aug. 14. Joanc Tratt widow buried 

1632, Mar. 17. Susan daughtei of Henry Tratt buried 

1033, May — Deaties wife of Leonard Tratt buried 

1615, in August, henry Trott 
" in February. Leonard Trott 

Simr-TON Beauchamt Registers; Chuucii ok Sr. Michael. 
(Registers searched 155S -1GG3.) 
Situated twelve miles southeast of Taunton, and two miles west of South Petherton, 
One Trowt entry, in 1558. 

South Pbtheiitojj Registers; Chuucii of SS. Peter and 1'ui, 
(Begin 1574; searched to 10*51.) 
South Petherton is a large town in the hundred of Soutli Petherton, thirteen and one-hall" miles 
southeast of Taunton, and !'our and one-half miles northeast of llminster, on the rivet Pedreder, or 

Parrot. It is near the old Roman road and Roman relies have been found here. 
1583, Junij 30. Sepulla fuit Elinora Trotte vidua. 

IG03, Nov. 21. Stephanus Trott de mcriot— .Toanem Androes in uxorcm duxit. 
1C04, Dee. in. Baptizatus fuit Tho : Iliius Stephani Trott. 

Kingsbury Episcopi Registers ; Chuucii or St. Martix. 
Situated thirteen miles east of Taunton and two and one-half miles north of South Petherton. 

baptisms 155S-1045. 
No Trott entries. 


15C0. William Trott & Jsable willy married 25 Januarie 

15G9. John Jordainc & Jsable Trott " 28 September 

1579. John Klcliolls & Edcth Trott " 24 Januarie 

1595. Robert liodbcrU & Joau Xrott " 30 Januarie 

mums 1581-1G3S. 

1592. Elizabeth Trott buried the 28th of August 

- 1593. * William Trott buried ihe 13 June 

Mautock Registers; Chuucii of Ai.i S.uxts. 
Situated fourteen and one-half miles soutlieast of Taunton. Part of the name is cut off in the 
map. Only Mart appears. 


I'.Al'lls.Mi 1558- 1010. 

15(50, Nov. Thomas the Sonne of henryc Trotl was bapti ;eil the same daye (24) 

15G2. June, John the s. of Thomas Trott was the xvth Dave 

•• ' Oct. Agnes the Dau. ofhenrye troll was bapt. the saint' J)aye (11 ) 

1564, June. Johane the Dau. ol licnrvc Troll of lode was bap!., the same daye (17). 
15G5. (March, April and May, blank.) 

15CC, Deo. -,vi!im the s. ofhenrie 'J"r. .»i< was bapt. the xvijih daye 
15fi8. (May, June, July, Aug., Si pt. and Oct. blank.) 

ir,:;o, Julyc. Henrie ye sonne of henrie trotte bapl : ye xvijlh daj u 

1573, Oct. lienrie ye s. of henrie Trott bapl . yt xviijth daye 

15S8, Apr. John ye s. of John Trotte bapt: ye xxjth day 

1589, Dec. Robert yc s. <>f John Trotl bapt ;.c xiijth day 

1033, Oct. Mary Da ,r of Mathcvt Trott tin 17 
1031. (Chasm from 28 Dec. to G Dec, 1G35.) 

1C:SL Aug. John ye sonne ofinatliew & mary Troot was baptised the lii.h 

MAKR1AGF.S 155S -1G53. 

I"i7i'. Have, willm Trott and mawde Kvse wee marr. ye vth daie 

1570, June. Thorns 1'lushe & Johaue Trott were married yi xxvth daye 

IflSO, .Pan. John kunppc & Kdithe Trotte were mar. ye xx\ iijth da} u 

1587, Sept. John Trott & Margaret Cupper 7 

15i)0, July. Thomas Slope S.- Margaret Trott 23 

3001, Oct. Roger Geall & Ereophela Trol were married ye xxviij day 

iC: J .i', Nov. Mathew Trotte to Mary Hawkins the 2G 

BUHIALS Ji>58- 1G13. 

15G0, Maye. Agnes dau. ofhenrie Trott bur: ye ixth daye 

15C9, Nov. Marie ye danght' of Thomas trotl bur: ye xvi day 

1570, July. Edward ye sonne ol henry trott bur: yc Daye 

1573, ffeb. Alice ye Dan. ofhenrie Trott bur: ye vjth daye 

" " Alice Trott bur : ye ixth daye 

1577, Mar. Henrie Trott was buried ye xtli dav< 

1580, Nov. Thomas Trotte was buried yt xvi daye 

lis,-,, Aug. Alyce ye dan. of Win : Trotte buried ye xiiij day 

].">S7, Sept. Willm Trotte was buried ye first day 

Li.38, ffeb. John ye sonne of John Trotte buried ye vijlh day 

1589, Dec. John Trott was buried ye xiij day of IVc. 

il"i, Jan. Mawde Trotte 17 

Crkwkeune Rkgisters; Cnuucu of St. I'.akitiolo.mew. 

Crewkerno is a very ancient Saxon town in the hundred of Crewkerne, sixteen miles southeast 
of Tauuton, and five miles south of South Pcthcrton. The name means a place of retirement. It is 
well watered and wooded. The church of St. Bartholomew is a large and stately Gothic building, 
in the form of a cross. On the west side of the north end of the transept is p. small mural stone 
with a brass plate containing an inscription to the memory of Henry Trat, the schoolmaster, bapt. 
Oct. 31, lGi'f, and son of Henry and TUomaxen (Fuller) Trat: 

" Spectatissimi Viri M. Henrici Trat, nnper duni vixit Ludi Magistri Crewkerniensis lonp;e cele- 
berriiui ;.ciij:is desideratissimie aniime depositum subtus in Domino conquiescit, defunctum prim., 
die Mali et scpultum Septimo (lie Anno Domini 1C79, setatis su;c ">5." 

To this is added a long Latin npostrophe by one of his scholars, Samuel Hill. I have a rubbing of 
this brass. 

Fbom tiik Taunton Wills; New Calendak. 

1029. Henry Trat.t of Crewkerne, pewit rer, sicke of bodyc; Dat. G Apr. 1029; dan. Christian 
Trait; sous John & Henry Tratte; :'. dans Christian, Dorothie & Grace; wife Thomazen lies. Leg. & 
Ex. ;.Seal, a Lion Rampant; Witnesses, John Fuller, William I'Uiips, liichard trot : probata, 17 April 
1021) ; Inventory, xiij !i. viij s. viij d. Filed will. 

The registers between 1558 and 1G38 contain forty-seven Trail and Trot'., curie.-;, but none of 
them concern our immediate family. 



Long Asuton. 

About three miles west ofBiistol. 

Elidney Trat was vicar of Use ancient church of All Saints, Long Ashtou, in the hundred of Bod- 
minster, from 1C95 to J.725. On the floor of the church are slones to his memory ami that of his 

"Jiic etiam requiescit corpus Elidni Trat, lmjus ecclesisc per 33 annos vicarli, qui obiit Soptcm- 
bri.-N :!, anno ^aii.ti.-. MPCCXXV, setatls sure LX." 

"Hie dormit Anna, uxor Elidui Trat, vie. quaj an imam Creator! suo religiose reddidit 2S Jnlii, 
A. D. 171 G, :otat. sua: 17." 

AI.I ;.M xi OIO N l EXSES. 

17?5. Thomas Trat, s. Klidncy, of Long Ashton, Somerset; cler. S't .Tolm's Coll., matric. 19 
March 17:74-:., aged 18; his father probably 35. A. from Merlon Coll G March, 1GS7-8. 


~f~ n . . "r compiled a pedigree of the family in England, for six; generations, as best I could 
_|_ from Die scanty probate, manor ami parish records, There are doubtless some errors, 
j can trace the family back without any difficulty fi>r foiu' generations to Richard Trot!. 
Beyond that point there I: a difficulty. There are no parish registers before 153S, and no 
wills at :iil relating to our branch o! the i"; mily. The Taunton Manor Rolls are our only 
sources of information. There is n calendar, not complete however, quite well preserved, 
from 1450-166G, but in the pi-esent condition of the records it Isuttorly useless. It would 
require months of : earch and great expense to find the documents indexed. As this va .. 
a matter of no great, importance, J did not feeilike undertaking the work. Have thought 
best to give all the names o:" Trott found in the calendars between 1450 :<nd 1573, in ordei 
to show our authority, in the absence of direct proof, foi regarding John and William 
Trott a? the founders of our family, they being the only Trctts in Taunton Manor, and 
theii names ha\ ing been common ones in the family. The name.? are in Latin :— John, Wil- 
liam, Richard and Robert. 

] >.. B Si; i>!cgrove, J0J10 . Trotte. 1543. Staplegrove, Johami Tratte. 

14'j;i. - 1 " '• " 1542. " l.uoif.. Troll*. 

1473 '• " •' 1542. " Alula ' 

117!). " " " 1548. I'ounclisford, JoIk.s " 

1503. " Wills '• 1554. lluJJ, Willus " 

1504. •' " 156G. 

1510. " Willis Trotc. 1567. Poimdisford, " 

1510. •' Iticus " 1571. lluli. 

1527. Oterford, " Trotte. 1571. l'onndlsfordj llobtns " 

1534. romulisford, ' : Trott. ].">72. Hull, Jones Trott. 

1540. Oierford, " Trotte. 1572. I'oundisford, Robert " 

The- name of Trott has been adhered to in this pedigree, because it is the oldest foirn 
of the name, though Trattis often found in the records. 

1 Jolui 1 Trott, of ' Staplegrove, near Taunton, was probably the grandfather of 
Richard 3 Trott, from whom we can trace our line of descent without, anj difficulty. His 
name occurs in the. calendar of the Taunton Manor Hulls, 1-158, 11G3, 1473 and 147i. ; . ilc 
was probably the father of 

2 William 2 Trott, whose name occurs in these calendars as of the same parish and 
hundred of Staplegrove, 1503, 1504, 1510. 

Children probably : 

1. Wii.i.tam. 3 His name occurs in tlie calendars. Hull, now Bishop's Hull, 1554, lofifi, 1571, 
1570, 1578; I'oundisford, 15C7, J573, 1575, 1.070. Had two children at least: John, sun 
ami heir; Mary, who in. William Smyth, in the register hook-; we llnd these items: 

156G. PoumVisford, Fines. William Trott Par 1 Messuage & half virgatc of liondland 
called CaiisKiwn (Canons Grove (?); there is a locality by that name now in l'ituiins- 
ter), late of Win. Cliecke in Ty thing of South Irullfordc by surrender of "Win. Lancai- 
ter, In- to pay said Win. Lancaster £70, &r. , &c. 

15GG. Hull, William Troll for licence to liolu 3G acres ef Uondlaud in the Ty thing of North 



157J. W 11. 'I rcttc for I Mi *simsre 3 1 fiirion.y; of fiondiand in r.vtliiujj uf NoAh lr. ndle 
bv surrender of cxpofur < !,,• ;<• hold under condition <•!' i<a.rmcni off 100. 

1573. I'otil.disford. Win. Trotte had lio IK ■ ' > hold &c\ of John Alliunl hinds &C of 
Lord ol Manor ol Taun l>i auo Hoiid-mica, Robert [Jail ami xpoit r nii'.raiu. 

157C. null William Trotte for liccne to hold. ] iifiit?'! & I furlon« of ^midland £ nacres 
or BondUud in Xytln; u of North trcnule d r life. 

157G. J'oundesford. William Trot! for liceno: lo hold 1 house S half vlrgiiteof Hondland 
in Xythins of Sou tin ill ird for life. 

j&'Ji. "j'oundisford William Trotte surrend.rf'.s Into hands oi the I.. ml ] Messuage & 
half a \ ii.'.il.- of land ( 1 3 :•-• l ' 'mlii-' -ii sv •• (Canons Grovu'/I in the Tyihitur "i ■otuli ful- 
fortlc to use of son and heir John Tro v, in: to pay Marv Smyth, wife of Win. Smyth 
*- tlan. of said Win Tro!te, xiij" iiii' 1 per nm: for life. Witi Kobtc Trotte. Hi ur: Shut 
& Jones Priestc. J'i eu<;e ... Itobte Tiv>.u ,$ John L'ry.-stc. (No; in Calendar.) 

t.V.lT. I'oundisford. Willus Troll Iviiip; in extremity surrenders "us hands of ths Lord 
acres of Ovorlmid c ailed llalfeyard in the T.\ I liint; ol L J it.tnu:Ki< r, late of William Senoek 
to use of son & lieu John 1'roU. Wit. Ilourv Shut, Kobt. Trolt &. John pryst; Uoi'ds. 
Koh to Trotte & John I'ricst. : Nol in Calendar.) 

3. £. Sicii.vnu, 3 baft. ; d. nbout 1571 ; 111. Joanna . 

3. Joanna, of Staplegrovc, 1542. 

4. I.UCV, " '• 1542. 

5. Altcj:, " " I5n2; ns. Juiifl -fi, 1^52, Kdmond Jlorcom in Pitminster. 

6. John', bain. ; probablj d. — 1584, in Bishop's Compiou: m Joanna , who sur- 

vived him. His name occurs jn Taunton .Manor Calf uclar. Sec will 15S4, p. 5. Had 
three children, Robert, William and ElUabclh. 

3 Richard'' Trott (William? John 1 ), baptized ; disci about 1 5 V 1 ; married 

■ Joanna — — , perhaps the Joanna Trott buried at Otterfonl, A tig. 11. 1577. En the 

Tan u ton Manor Calendar we find his name in Srapkgrove, 1510; Poundisford, 1584; and 
Otter ford, 1527, 1540. See the regislei book for 1571 (p. 15), where son Robert inherits 
a lease surrendered b\ Richard Trott. 


1 JoilN, 4 bapt.. : bur. Oot. lfi, 1544. ?:i Pitminster. 

4. 2. John bant. ; d. about 151)5; in., 1st, Christiana , 2nd, , fVgnes . 

5. 8. Hoisi i:t, bapt. ; bur. I-'eb. lfi, i:>: ; :>; in t!ono:-a or Honour . 

6. 4. W)i-uam. bapt. ; bur. March 111, ir.iiK; in. Jobaee . 

5. Tois!,.\' : bapt. ; bur. ; in. Muj 21 1580, Thomas ler^on, at Bradford. 

4 John. 4 Trott (JiicMrd? William? John 1 ) , baptized ; died about 1595; mar- 
ried, first, f'.ii'ivii.vs.' ; second. Aosr..-. , wh > married, second, April 17, 150- . at 

Otterford, Richard Glenger. His name occurs in the Taunton Manor Calendar, Hull, 1572 . 
Otterford, 1572, 1582, 1589 ; Poundisford, 157s, 159-1. h\ the register are these entries : 

1572, Hull. John Trotte by enrollment holds of Thomas Cooicc an annuity ol' £10 by 
mortgage of certain lands in Ty thing of Hull, same in Jlontelusy called Grountinge >fc same 
in South Mead, etc., etc. 

1572, OlteiTordc. Johes Trotte, \i. i mesuage el i ferling (err nat et quinqz acr tcrc 
nr.t et ij" l,; -' eolag cu suis ptim et iiij"'' act- terr d'- on 1 land in Decern de Otterford quoiidm 
willi Bowbye Ex Keddicoe Rici Trotte pris b/. llend sub condicoe qd idem Johes Trotte 
no vend nec sursu'Vedd p. miss s/. [id nee aliqua inde p. cell alicui p.sone vcl p.sonis 
nisi sit vr.o do coanomine de lcz Trotts llend. 


1572. Otterford. John Trotte for 1 messuage and 1 furlong of Bondland, and 5 acres 
of Bondland and 2 collages with their appurtenances, and 1 acres of Overland in Tything 
of Otterford late of William Bowbye, by surrender of Richard Trotte to be held on condi- 
tion that the said John Trotte shall not sell nor surrender his aforesaid premises nor any 
portion of the same to any person or persons except to be held 1 y one of the surname of 
Trotte." Seen. 17, where he makes a release to his son M 'ill'iai.;. in 1595. 

1574, Poundisford. John Trotte for I Messuage and 1 furlong of Bondland called 
Brodcbeaves in Tything of Otterfuid by sunender of Richard Horsey, to be held on pay- 
ment, Ac. 

157"', Poundisford. John Trotte for 1 house called the Hay House & other house called 


stable House & close of Bondiand of 3 acres & otln r close called Pitolntul, containing 1 
acre, & other close called Brodemeade containing '< acre.' in Tything of Oortic, by sur- 
render of John Vinci nt, i<> be held during the lives o!' Alice, wife of said John Vincent 
& xpianvi wife of said John (Trotte) ; Trott paying Viuccnl £50. Bonds. Robt lecat & 
hemic poale. 

]5r>&, Ottcrford. .Join; Trott for 15 acres of Overland called Hollemores in Tything 
of Otteiford, late of John Griggc, by surrender of Robert Grigge & by licence of the 
Lor; 1 . Roll!., fibrisfer, to hold to uss of said John (Trott) on payment of xiij". Dat xxiij 
Aug. i.'S'.p. Bonds Robti Trotte & Hugh Harden. (Not in Calendar.) 

159-1, Poundisford. John Trotte lying in extremity surrenders into the Lord's hands 
1 Messuage & 1 furlong Bond land in Tything of Coilie lute of Robt poolc to use ol his 
sou i<: heir John Trott i according to Hie usage of the Mano.' &.«. on condition that Agnes 
relict of said John (Trolls) shall hold ^.i* 1 premises during he: widowhood. Wit. liobti 
Trotte & John Ponlle-. (Nol in Calendar.) 

1505, Otlerford. John Trotte lying in extremis surrenders into hands of the Lord J 
Messuage & I furlong of Bondiand & 1 eotagc in Tything of Ottcrford to use of son <\. 
heir Henry Trotte on condition that Agnes the reiicl of said John (Trotte) to hold same 
tili said Henry is xxj years of age. Bonds Robt Trotte & John Ponle ; Wit. Hen. Roullc, 
Robl Trotte & John' Ponlie. (Not in Calendar.) Seep- 17. 

Children baptized ii: Otterford : 

7. )• Rtcua.hi>, 5 1 i-i pt . .Tun. 1">, 157 1 ; ! ur. ; m. ■Sendding. 

•'. JciiXi hapi. Sept.. ", 137i. 

8. 3. Li:< n'a.rd baol Sopi. B, 1577; bar. Feb.—, 1G45: ;n. Dee. 27, Kill, Denes or Denncs 

■1. Joaxk, bant, Dec. Q 0. 15SJ. 

9. . r .. William, bupt. July 1'., HsS; bur. ; m. ■. 

0. Thomas, bapt. May IS, 1591. 

10. 7. Huxky, bapt. ; bur. Aug.. in;.; m. , Alice . 

5. Robert 1 Trott (Richard, 2 William,' John 1 ), baptized probably in the hamlet of 
Trendle, now Trull, parish of Pitininsier; bur. Feb. i'j, 1599, in Pitininster; married 

Honour or IIonouh , who was burn d Sept, 1 7. 1 G27, in Pitmhister. The Taunton 

Manor Registers contain the following: 

io'<] , Poundisforde. " Robins Trotte p. i rnesuage el diinid virg terr nat, i cotng cm 
sz ptin ct i'ij" 1 ' a or terr de on'land ii) Decern de Southtrcndle quondtn Hugonis Hollwcii 
Ex reddicea Rici Trot; piis sz Heud sub condicoeqd idm Robtusnon vend negz sursirrcdil 
p. mix:, pd nee aliqu.'! nude pcell alieni p.sonc vcl p.sonis nisi sit vno dc cognomine de le p/ 
Trottes. Pliu. (blank)." 


1571. Poundisford. "Robert Trotte for 1 Messuage and half a virgate of Bondiand, i 
Cottage with i!s appurtenances, and four acres of Overland in the Tything of South Tren- 
dle, late held i>\ Hugh Ilollwcll, by surrender of Richard Trott, to bo held on the condi- 
tion the said Robert shall not sell or surrender the a forsaid premisses nor any portion 
of the same to any alien person or persons except to one of the surname cf'Trolte. Bonds- 
men rblank)." 

1571, Poundesford. Robert Trotte for 4 acres of Overland pasturage in the Tything of 
South Trendle by surrender of William willes. 

1572, Poundesford. Robert Trotte for 1 Messuage and half a virgate of Bondiand, &c. 
Sec 1571 , same land.--. 

1573, Poundisford. Robert Trotte for 3 acres Overland called Sayniorc in the Tything 
of Bhickdon by surrender of Thos Vincent. 

See also the Taunton Manor Calendar, Poundisford, 1584, 1501 ; [Iolwaye, 1577. 

Mr v Trott probably resided in the southern part of Trendle, now Trull, a hamlet in the 
pari.,!; of Pitminstcr. ' His will, 15S8-9, was probated in Taunton, file vii, No. 105, old 
calendar, but unfortunately has utterly perished. 

Children, baptized in Pitinir.ster: 


). Amci-V bant. Feb. 4, S.'ifil. 

11, a. .'iu.n, I;; ;•'. :-'.-,>i 10. lii-,0: bur May 7, Km:;: ill April :>l. 1 :-.!>; ! .liili :vii----i. 

3. M.«uy, ii;-|il i'V». o >',,."•; :.'..--: in. 0: L •: ISO", Kobert 35;;M>, v.-iuowcr. See Taun- 
ton Manor Ciilumb:, Hui'.i :ivo, Kill, 1020. 

•1. Agsjjs, l.'.ipl I>Vb. lis, ;...-,; ...;r. : 111 .>■;::', "7 ] ills Tol.'.i Ai'liu. s;m of Kklnn! Al- 
io:. The Taunton l !ano;' l.'i-'.-i-t'-i.' contain tins fnU'i'inu;;: i.'.'is, lYiuiiiiesloiU. Richard 

A plin BUlTClKlCIVi illi," liiillils Of i.Oltl I .'I'M Rl>l;{ll;l||t! Ill N'llflll part ..I C'.OSI r'lV'i 

T.'ireo acres, in Tylliiiig ui' Smith Knhoni. to us'.- of son aiu! Inn: - .folia A plin Ac, for 
life, also oilier hoi <us rani laii'ls. i>m 21 An;;, xi Kiiz. : wit iioblc Trotte, lirnneis 
wills, Jo'ues Imnbc i s ..lev Trott. (Not fomul in Calen.lar.l 
o Tamsjcn, b.tpt. May 2i;, ; .SI. 

12. G. HiCHMM), bupt. Au'i'. 28, ISJil; d. Wetiiersnchl, Conn. ; m April 27, !C1.">, Alice 


(i. William' Trott (Jiiclutrd* II i7/ia, .i, 2 ,/w»<'). baptized ; probably the Wil- 
liam Trott. buried at Bradfoi it, March 19, 15'JG ; married Jouakk , probabl'j buried 

nt Bradford. Dei . 17, 1601. Ills namti occurs in lii :r Taunton Ainu''-: Calendar, Taunton 
Castru.Ti, 1579 ; Hull, 3578, J 58 1 ; IJolwaye, 158-3. In the Register are these entries : 

1579, Taunton Castruin. William Trotte Cor a Mill with appurtenances &c, in the 
Tything of Hollway by surrender ■ i George Sidi nham. genl 

15S4, Taunton Castrum. "Willus Trotte stirsu'redd in manns Dni totn illtid do. molcnd 
e. apud vinav voc. pcolernylls cu oelg s."3 consuelv.e el, ptw quibusm qz in Decern do CIoll- 
waye Ad opus el usmn xpoferi Trotte lilij & hered el Assign suo in ppm sedsn eonsuelue 
ln'u.'ij de Taunton Dcane Mend sub cpndicoe .-■• qucnt Viz qd J>;n (Ds?) xpofevus Truilc 
hered sive Assign sin soluant sen solim fao. Deo Willimu Trotti amat 1 " Dnrant "Vila s. 
iiij 11 legalis mount Anglic. solucmi ad iiij"' aim p. terminus viz nd fesla natalis Dni. 
Anucit'oids ble marie virgns NaUUatis sei Johis hapti c-t sei michis Arch p. cquat poi- 
cocs Ad &e.£!apiit ij" 1 " die Septc'bris A" Rue- &c. xxxv 1 " Jn p'.sent Robta Trotte et 
Thome p.sons ten man'"ij. Plin. Route Trotte, Thome p. sons. \vii. Robte T-otte & Wyl- 
liani Trotte." 


'•William Trotte surrenders into the hand - of Low! all his milis at the Brewery eall-.'d 

rool'c Mills with its and certain appiuteinmccs in the Tything of 

Hollway to (lie profit and use of Christopher Trotte. son and heir, and his Assign forever 
according to the custom of the Manor of Taunion Denne, to be iield under the following 
condition, viz. thai the said Christopher Trotte, his heirs, or Assign shall pay or cause to be 
paid to the said William Trolte during his life, i'l lawful tengiish money, to be paid four 
limes a year, s '•?.. at ihe Feasts <•( Christmas, the Annunciation ol the liiessed Virgin Mai y, 
the Nativity ot St. John Baptist, and St. Michael the Archangel, in equal parts. Exe- 
cuted Sept. 2d, in the 35th year of Queen th. In the presence of Itoht Trotte and 
Thomas Persons, tenants of the Manor. Bonds. Robte Trotte, Thomas Persons. Wit. Rob! 
Trolte and W\ lliam Trotte." 

Children : 

13. I. Cum-sTormcR, 9 bupt. — -; httv. Ang. 2, IH03: m.. Ist, Jolv 23, 1SR0, 'Ellxaljolh ; 2nd 

, Dorothy . 

14. 2. John, bapt. : bur. Sept. I, 1«12; in. Pec. 12. 1392, 1'hiUipia Hynarorcl. 

7. E.icliard : ' Trott (JoJm* Richard* William? John*), baptized Jan. 25, 1571, in 
Otterford ; buried - ■■ (alive IG;K>) ; married - — Scadding. See will of Thomas Scad- 
ding, 1622, and will of John Scadding, lCao, pp. -I, 5. 

Children : 

1. J.t:oxAKi., n olive 1022 ami 1030. 

2. Riciiaiid, alive 11130. 
• t>. lioisuu'l', alive lC-'iO. 

8. Leonard^ Trott (J<-ltnS Richard " )PlVnm,* John*), baptized Sept. S, 1577, in 
Otterford; buried L<"eb. 1645, in Otterford; married Dee. 27, 1011, in Pitmiuster, when; 


he is said to be of Curiam!, three miles southeast of Pi tmi sister, Dunes or Dganes 
Waylakd, who was buried May, 1633, hi Otterford, and daughter of Robert Way land 
of Pit-minstcr. 

Children, baptized in Pitminster (tlic fourth in Otterfovd) : 

1. riKO.VAKi)." bapt. April SI, 1G1C. 

2. Fn.v.vcie, bapt. An-. IP 1018. 
8. Rojsekt, bapt. Sep:. 2K, 1021. 

•I. V.\ i'.Ai.i'ni, bapt. March 20, 1G24. 

9. William* Tl'Ott (John,* Richard, 3 William,* John}), baptized -July 14, 15-S3, in 
Otterford ; buried ; married . His name occurs in the Taunton Manor Calen- 
dar, 1610. Tin register contains these entries . 

1595, Otterford; John Trotte, lying iii extremity surrenders into Lord's hands 15 
acres of Bond land, -1 acres Overland ^ 1 cotage in Ty tiling of Otterford, late of Win. Bow- 
bye, to use of son & heir William Trotte on condition that Agnes relict of said John 
(Trotte), shall hold same till said William reaches nge of xxj years. Same Witnesses 
and Bondsmen as to surrendei to his brother Henry. See below. 

1595, Otterford. John Trotte, 5 acres of Overland in T\ thing of Otterfovd, called Hole- 
mores, late of Robert Grigge to use of son & heir \\ illiam Trotte. On same conditions 
and with snme Witnesses and Bondsmen as above. 

1607, Otterfovd. William Trott surrenders in hands of Lord 5 acres Overland in Ty- 
thing of Otterford, called Holemores, late of Robt Grigg to use of Charles Hart, Dat. 
xvvj Oct. 1GC7. 

Daughter baptized in Otterford : 
1. Susan, bapt. June 19, 1C04. 

10. Henry 5 Trott (John, 4 Richard, 3 Wttlwm,* Joint"-), baptized (under age 

1595) ; buried Aug. — , 1G45, at Otterford ; married Alice . "The Taunton Manor 

Calendar contains his name, Otterford, 1011, 1G30. The register contains these entries : 

1595, Otterford. John Trotte lying in extremity surrenders in hands of Loid 1 Mes- 
suage & 1 furlong of Bondlaud & 1 cottage in Tytiiing of Otterford to use of son & heir 
Henry Trotte on condition that Agues the relict of said John (Trotte) shall hold same til! 
said Henry is xxi years of age. Bonds, Robt Trotte & John Poule. Wit. Hen. Poulle, 
Robt Trotte & John Poulle. (Not in Calendar.) 

1G07, Otterford. Henry Trott surrenders in hands of Lord 1 Messuage, 1 furlong Bond- 
land & 1 cotage in Tything of Otterfovd to use of Robert weely. Dat. 16 Jan. 5 Jas. BondSj 
Join, Trott & John Pryst. 

1G07, Otterford. Robt weely surrenders into Lord's hands 15 acres Bondlind in Tytii- 
ing of Otterford, called Lakes, to use of Henry Trott. Same date and bonds as above. 

1610, Otterford. John Trott on pledge of surrender &e, of 1 cotage with appurtenances 
in Tything of Otterford, held under Lord, 1 house & furlong of Bondlaud pertaining to 
Henry Trott in Tything aforesaid for use of said Henry. Dat. xiiij Apr. 13 Jas. Bonds. 
John Aplin,Wm. Gailerd & Francis wills. (Not in Calendar.) 

Children baptized in Otterford : 

1. Ki.i/.Ar.uTii, 6 bapt. Ans. 10, 102.'!. 

2. Susan, bapt. Way 8, 1G25; bur. March 17, 1032. 

3. Lauiunna, bapt. Sept. 1C, 1(527. 

4. Ciiaiuty, bapt. March 2(1, lt;:!U. 

5. Husky, bapt. Feb. 17, 1032. 
0. GllACE, hapt. Nov. 8, 1 '',;>,.-,. 

7. Susanna, bapt. March 18, 1037. 

11. Johir Trott (Robert, 4 Richard, 3 William* John 1 ), baptized Sept. 10, 1570, in 
Pitminster; buried May 7, 1G33, in Pitminster ; married April 24, 159.S, in Pitminster, 
Knim Priest, daughter of Kdith Priest (Thomas Prist married Jan. 18, 1579, Edeth 


Ednen, at Taunton. See p. 7), who married, second, lime i. r >, 1639, Richard jMtti3n.iii in 
Pilminstcr. Sec will of Stephen Prist, 1G40, p.o. Tlio name of Edith Mid'.im occurs three 
times in IG-1G in the Calendar ol the Taunton Manor Rolls. Mr. Trotl was u surgeon. 
His will is dated April li, 1633 , probated at Taunton, May 10, same year (p. •!). The 
Taunto;; Manor Registers contain Ihe following : 

1600, Poundesford. John Trotti for 3 acres overland called stony dowue, parcel of 12 
acres of overland so called next land of xpofer kcv< 11 in South port i*.c, 1>, surrender of 
Hob to Trottc &c. 

1600, the same John Trott \'ov 3 acresof overland called Saymoore in tything cf Black- 
don, late of Thos Vincent by surrender' of llobt. Trott, &c. Sec Robert Trott, 1573, 
p. 15. 

) COO, the same John Trott for ■! acres of overland called stoney Downe, late of Nichi 
Gobbes in tytu o! southtrendle by surrender of Robte Trotte. The name of llonore Trott 
also occurs. 

See also Calendar; Hohvaye 1600 ; Hull 1599, 1600, 1601; Poundisford 159G, 1611. 
three times, 1613, 1619, by marriage license. 16-28 and 1630. 

Children baptized in Pitiuinstei , and all but Thomasin mentioned in his will : 

1. Cuiiisrovi K, e bapt. Sept. S, 139S. His name occurs in the Taunton Manor Calendar three 

time: i>i 1652, as of 1'itniiusiui*. 

2. TnoMASiN, bapt. Feb. 13 lOii'J; bur. May 1, 1G15. 

8. Edith, bapt. April IS, }W>. Alive 1<>40. Sec will of Sic;. In -n Priest. 1040. p. 5. 

i. Kliz.vbkth, liajit. , mentioned in her fuller's will IGbi*:? bur Nov. 10, 1030. See will 

Stephen Priest, 1G10, p. 5. 

12. Richard 5 Trott (Robert,* Richard? William? John 1 '), baptized Aug. 28, 1584, 
in Pitmiti3ter; married April ".''.', 1615, Alice Gaylauo. He emigrated to New England 
about 1637, and, with Matthias Trott, was the founder of the Treat family in America. It. 
is the custom to stylo the emigrant ancestor as of the flrst generation, and Richard Trott 
or Treat will be so designated hereafter. Set' pp. 26-31. 

13. Christopher" Trott (William,* Richard, 3 William,- Jolu>'), baptized : 

buried .Aug. :■:. 1603, at, St. Mary Magdalene's, Taunton ; married, first, July 25, 158G, at 

West Buckland, Elizabeth ; secondly, Douotiit , who married, second, 

at St. Mary Magdalene's, Aug 20, 1601, Christopher Gardener. In the return of names of 
Pykemen es Shottki Sir Henry Barkley's Band, mustered the iiij dayc of Oct. 158G, Hun- 
dred of Taunton, made at the time of the Spanish A rmada in the Somerset Musters, we find 
that of "Christover Trat Corporal of Shott." His name occurs in the Taunton Manor 
Calendar, Ilolwayc, L587, lo«9, L598 ; Hull, 1598; Taunton Castrum, 1595, 1599, 1G02. 
In the regis!''!' book we find these entries : 

1590. Hull, xpoforns Trotl for 1 rod of Bond land in west part of close next land late 
of John Westeombe in Tything of Northtrendle by dayne surrender of William Way, &c. 

1600, Taunton Castrum. xpoforns Trott. surrenders m hands of Lord . . . near 
Brewery called poule mylles &c, in Tything of llollwaye to the use of Alice Ley als ffar- 
tbinge, widow, & her heirs, iVe. Dat viij June 12 Eliz. 

1600, Taunton Castrum. Alice Ley als ffarthinge on pledge of surrender in hands of 
the Lord of a grain mill called I'oolc milles in Tything of Iloilway, late of Christ. Trottc, 
to use of said Christopher, his heirs, &c. Dat. 18 Nov. 43 Eliz. Bonds, & Witnesses Fran- 
cis wills & J lion trat. See West. Buckland Registers, p. 8, and Adm. of Christopher 
Trptt, 1608, p. 5. 

1C03, Dorothy Trott, widow of Christopher Trotl, for a grist mill called Poole Mills, 
A-.c, surrendced into Lord's hands by death of said Christop'hci &,c. Dat. 31 Aug. 1 Jas. 
V. it. & Bonds. Geo. Hill -v Win. Brine, 

1604,Taunion Castrum. Dorothy Trott,, widow, on pledge of surrender into Lord's 
hands of mill >'. e., late of Christopher Trott, lor use of son & heir Chrisloi'er Troll, & 


his assigns, the said Christoler paying to Itis sister Dorothy Trott £60 & to his brothci 
John Trott £50, with remainder to his sister Kal.l.erinc Trott &e. D:it. 15 Aug. 2 -las. 
Bonds. John Trott & Win. Brine. Wit. Dorothy Trott, John, John Clement & Win. 

Children, the last four baptized in St. Mary Magdalene's, Taunton : 

15. 1. ilons,' b.ipt. ; bur. June 8. I0?ii: m. June 8, 161?, Elizabeth Tampson. 

2. Ka-iuicrixe, bapl < let. 4. l.'.x". 

8. Jane, bapt. Jan. 22, l.v.'T; hur. Feb. 18, 1597-8. 

4. Dorothy, bnpl April 9, ir«Ji); bur. ; in. Juno 28, 1G1S, John Jjios.s (Cross n, will of 

Christopher i rotC). 
13. 5. Chkistophkr, bapt. March 17, lGQl;bnr. ;ra., 1st, .Barbara ; 2nd, .Char- 
ity . 

14. John 5 Trott {William,* Richard 3 William,- JoAn'), baptized ; buried 

Sept. 4, 1612, in Bradford; married Due. 12, 1592, at Wilton, Piulmcia ETi'na.f'Oud, 
buried Feb. 20, 1G-JD, at Bradford. The following surrender prdbably refers to him: 

1599, Poundisford. John Tratt of Heale in the pishc of Bradford liai.h surrendered in 
the lords hands ail one meadowe w 11 ' his appurtenunee called half yeard mcade cont.a.yning 
vj acres beinge more or lesse, sictuate Lying and beingc in the Hundred of pouusforde 
and tithing of Pitminster. The said Surrender being taken by John Smyth of Hamwoorie 
and Surrendered vnto the use. of Gyles Barry and to his heirs & assignes for ever, accord- 
ing to the Customs of said Manor. Wit. Thome prson-j & Johes Pryst. Dat. 2 Feb. 

Children baptized at Bradford : 

1. A.XXB," bapt. March 13, 1593. 

2. Wiixia:.:, b.ipt. Jan. 19, 159G; bur. March 19, 159'"; ov perhaps he was the William Trott 

with wife .Anne, whose children wer - e bapt. in Bradford between IG23 and 1G27. 

3. Pinui' (dm..), bapt. July L'9, itilO. 

15. John 6 Trott (Christopher,* William, 1 Richard 3 William* John*), baptized 

; buried June 8, 1 C25, at St. Mary Magdalene's, Taunton ; married June 8, 1618, at 

St. Mary Magdalene's, Taunton, Elizabeth Ta.mpson. Perhaps she was the Elizabeth 
Trott, widow, buried Feb. -1, IGoG, at Pitminster. Mr. Trott was a glovier. His will 
v/as proved March 24, J ''••_ > ;V<>. See pp. 4, 5. 

Children baptized at St. Mary Magdalene's, Taunton : 

1. Stkphen,' bapt. April 15, 1019. 

2. Cihustok, bapt. May 0, 1G21. 

3. Je,H.\, bupt. April G, 1G23; bur. Ans. 3, 1624. 

4. Mary, bapt. July 17, 1G25; bur. June 11, 1038. 

16. Christopher 6 Trott (Christopher, 5 William;' Richard 3 William* John*), bap- 
tized March 17, 1601, at St. Mary Magdalene's, Taunton ; buried ; married, first, 

Barbara , who was buried Oct. 30, 1G32, at St. James', Taunton ; second,— — Ciiakjiv 

Children baptized and buried at St. James', Taunton : 

1. Cmusmriir.i:, 7 bapt. Jan. 29, 1020. 

2. Barbara, bapt. Sept 14, 1G28; bur. Sept. 20, 1G28. 

3. John, bapt. Aug. 30, 1029. 

4. Fk'mjii, bapt. ■ : bur. Sept. 1, 1029. 

5. Thomas, bapt. Any;. 29, 1G30. 

C. William, bupt. ; bur. Nov. 3, 1G32. 

7. Henry, bapt. Ann'. 27, 1037, sou of Christopher and Charitie. 
ts. Katherinb, b.-.pi. Feb. 1G, 1039, dan. of Christopher and Charitie. 


ry^HE fact that the name of Trot, Trott ami Trotte frequently occurs in the early 'W'ftb.- 
|_ orsJiukl and Connecticut records, whereTl is piain that it is substituted for Treat, gave 
rise lo the opinion that Trott, and not Tivol, was tiio original family name, which undor- 
went various changes, and finallj assumed the \\ rin of Treat.. Inasmuch as tlm name of. 
Treat had m.l then been found in England, but has been discovered since, the Rev. Seiah 
B. Treat seine years ego suggested that the name Treat :;: ; !>;!;i have been originally Trott, 
or Trotte, which was n name known in English history, and found among the early set- 
tlers in Wcthersfiekl, ^ well as in other parts of N"ew England Mr. Henry Champion, of 
New Haviiii, tbeien.pon spent some time i:i examining i.he Wethorsfiold aval ConiiC-.utic.nt 
records, and read a paper before the Historical Society of that city on the change of name. 
This papei ! have carefully examined and ma ie use of the results at which lie arrived, as 
well as having investigated tiie subject myself. 

,\ r.nirk-rn in hkcouds. 
The name of fih hard Trat first occurs in 1 G41, in the entry of certain "lands in his name 
Then follow lands of Mr. Tratt. and of Hie-hard Trat, jr., the name being variously spelled 
Trot, Trott and Tratte on the. same page.. In 1G17. Richard fratt is a witness to an 
agreement, and a f.v- pages further on hand is described a- bordering on the "Treat 
meadow." In lt>53, "the towne considering Mr. Richard Treat's desire for an addition 
to his farme on ye cast side of ye gr^al river," grante 1 him a portion, and in I bo 1. he was 
appointed to run a boundary b'ne. Two i-ears later James Tratt was also appointed to 
run aline. I>! i.657, Matthias Tret; bought land of his father (father-in-law) Richard 
Smith, and we know that Matthias Treat married Mary, the daughter of Richard .Smith. 
The same year Richard Tratt was chosen one of the selectmen of Wetlx rsfield. The 
birth of a son to Samuel Treatt is recorded in 1(361. In 16G2. Mr. Trat serves on a cotn- 
mittee, and Richard Trot is appointed a constable for Wcthersfiekl. In these records 
the name is generally spelled Trat ; occasionally Treat, and once Trot. 


The first account that wo find in these records relating to Richard Treat is the appoint- 
ment or Richard Trotte of WelhcrslieTd, Sept. -JO, 1642, to oversee the killing of calves 
in that town in order to have leather, Oct. 11, 1642, June i, 1643, and March 5, 1644, 
Richard Trott is a party in various lawsuits. In Dec, 1642, Mr. Troll, i.s appointed by 
the General Court to take account of contributions for the building of a ship. Feb. 23, 
1652-3, the choice of Richard Trotte l\^- ensign of the train bam! in Wcthersfiekl was 
approved by the General Court. For many yea:-; he served as juror, from 1G4.3 to IG-JS; 
often under Hie name of Mr. Trott, and in April. 1641, he was chosen deputy, and held 
the office till 1657. < >ct. 25, !£!•!, Mr. Trot! was chosen on a commit I oe for maintain- 
ing scholars at the college al ( .•im'oridg.', Mass. During 1616, 1648, 1049, Matthias 
Trott appears as a party in various lawsuits. May 21, 1057, James and Matthias Treat 


were admitted as frccnicn. At liie Gcnci'al Court. Jlmtli 11, 1657-8, among the "listed 
persons for troopers presented and allowed," \o:is Richard Treat of Wethersfield, who was 
chosen corporal by the troopers. This person must be Richard Treat, jr., whose father 
was made ensign in 1G52-3. From 1G-J I to 1657, Mr. Trott liad been iiiinunlly elected 
deputy, bill March ! 1 , 1657—8, among the deputies nominated to the court, to be pro 
pounded :it the next General Court election for choice to be magistrates, occurs the 
name of Richard Treat, senior, of Wethersfield, — and it is to lie noticed that he is spoken 
of as being already a deputy, though elsewhere it is stated that Mr. Trott was elected 
deputy the previous year, thus plainlj identifying- Mr. Trott and Mr. Treat as the same 
person,— and he was elected the ensuing May 20th, and also for the next eight years. 
Tin name oi Trott no mure appears in these records either -as deputy or magistrate. In 
1G59, the name of Treat is spelled Trail and Tresite, he being magistrate for that year, 
thus plainly identifying Trait and Treat as different forms of the same name. Up to this 
time the name of Treat, or Trcate, is found but three times in these records. On May 19, 
]Gu9, Mr. Trat is sent to hold Court in New London. Mr. Treat, or Treate, was elected 
magistrate from 1G60 to 1665. In 1660 Mr. Treat was appointed on a committee in 
repaid to 30 mile Island, by theGeneral Court. Richard Treate was one of the patentees 
mentioned in the Charter of 1GG2. tn 1604. Richard Trcate was a member of Governor Win- 
throp's Council. In IG69, lists of the fra men in the tov> ns of Connecticut were forwarded 
to the General Assembly. In the Wethersfield list are the names of Richard Tret, .sen., 
James Trett, and Kiel ard Tret, jr.. thus plainly showing that Tret, Trett and Treat are 
the same names though spelled differently. 


Roberl Treat, son of Richard Treat of Wethersfield, removed to Mil ford, in the New 
Haven Colony, in 1039, and soon became very prominent in public affairs, both town are"; 
colonial. He returned to Wethersfield subsequently for a brief period but became a resi- 
dent of Mil ford again as early as 1G48 The early records of the colony arc defective. 

In May, 1653, the name of Roberl Trcate appears as deputy. In April, 1654, he is 
called Robert Treatt, and on the "20th of the, same month his name is spelled Treatte. Ti. 
1657, he is failed Robert Treat, and in an autograph of 1GC2, the name is written in the 
tame manner. tii a letter to the General Court in 1675, he spells his name Robert 

In the Mil ford records the name is spelled Treat and Treate, but. never in them or the 
Now Haven Records does he go under the name of Trott, Trett or Trail. 

June 29, lGtio, in a letter to Director Sluyvesant, ^\Ir. Treat signs his name Robert 
Treatt (N. Y. Col. Hist., 13: 2G7). In letters written to him by the Dutch authorities, 
his name is spelled Treatt or Triatt. His wife's name is called Jane Treate on her grave- 
stone in 1 703. 

From a careful study of these records, three things are evident: 

I. That the same person or family was designated by the names of Trat, Tret, Trott 
and Treat; these four words being written also under different forms. 

II. That the persons in question never spelled tlieii names Trott, at least after they 
came to New England, so far as we know, or in :iny other way than Treate, Treatt or 

Richard Treat, sr., in a certificate dated May 30, 1664, published in Goodwin's Notes, 
p. 227, spelled his name Trcate. 11 is spelled Treat in a deed to his son James of the 


date of Sept. 2S, 1 GG4, whir!; T have seen, signed Ivy him and his wife Alice Treat. She 
signs her name Trot. In his will, dated Feb. 13, 1G6S, ho spells Ms name Trea r .. Gov. 
Robert Treat, his son, spelled his name indifferently Treatt, Trcatc and Trent 

In later years the name been spelled Trecl in Lhe records,— the name being 
probably written from sound, —and not many years since a member of the famil\ adopted 
this fonr. of spelling from choice. In the burying-ground at Bridgewater, Conn., is a 
gravestone to the memory of Tliirza Trcatc, who died a^ late as 1832. 

II f. Thai in New England the spelling, Trott, Tut. Tret, is purely local, and confined 
for a few yea's and that, with exceptions, to.the Wcthersiield Records and those of the 
General Court held at Hartford, only some four miles distant, but never existed at Mil- 
ford, and in the New Haven Colony. The spelling Tratt., however, lingered for a long 
time in Glastonbury. In the town records of Lt. Thomas Treat's family, which must have 
been entered after 1696, and perhaps as late as 1713, his name is spelled Trat. The 
manner of spelling a name was very little regarded in old limes. Below are the various 
ways of spellin" the same name in these very records of the General Court : 

Desiing, Demsnt, Dement, Demon. Dymon, Demyn. Dcmmiuge. 

Gayi.ouo, Sailor, Gayler, Gailerd, Gaylcrd. 

Minor. Mynol.t, Mynot, Miner. 

Mygat, Mag'ott, Migat, Migatt. 

Talcott, Tailcoat, Tayleeoate, Tailcooate, Tailcoat, Tailcoat, Talcoate. 

Sec also the Glastonbury Centennial, appendix v, p. 201-2, for changes in the manner 
of spelling names. 

But the name o( Treat is older 11 an the settlement of Wcthcrsfield, and is found in Salis- 
bury and London parish registers as far back as 1572 and 151)0. It has been a surname for 
more than three hundred years, at least. Trott seems to have been the earliest form of 
the name, then, a. few years later, we have Trail, next Trent and Tret. Trott and Tratt 
were used indifferently almost in the same line. Locality seems to have had something 
to do with the matter. Jn Pitminster, Trott was the earliest form in 15-14, then Tratt, 
and later, after 5.600, Tratt generally. In North Pctherton, Trait was first used in 1558, 
when the records commence, and almost always. Troll occurs in 1559, and is used oc- 
casionally. Other parish registers show similar results. Trott and Trail occur in the 
Wells and Taunton Wills. In the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, searched from 150" 
to 1657, Trott occurs in 1522, and is almost always used. Tratt occurs in 1623, and. 
Treat in 1656. Treat and Trail are used interchangeably in Lhe Loudon parish records, 
the former occurring as early as 1590. Tratt occurs occasionally in the records. I con- 
jecture that Trott, Trett, Treete, Tratt, Trate and Treat were pronounced much alike in 
the 16th and 17th centuries, and that lhe clear distinction beiween these names that now 
exists was then unknown. This view is supported by a map of Boston and vicinity, — 
Carte de la Ville, Baye, el Environs de Baston, drawn by a Frenchman, dean Baptiste 
Louis Franqnelein, in 1676, and deposited in the Marine Department, Paris. He was 
not an English scholar, and writes the names of localities as they sounded to him when 
pronounced. Boston is spelled Bastou ; Dorchester Neck, Dacheten Necke ; and Nan- 
taskct, Nontarbet. This map now hangs in the Boston Public Library. This seems to 
indicate that the o in the first syllable of Boston was not pronounced as now. The names 
of, Tret. Treat and Trott, as distinct family names, are to be found now-in England. 


"TVTO early trace of Richard Treat, oi of any one bearing the name of Treat, has as yet 
|_\ been found in Massachusetts, but as WeUicrsfiold was settled by colonists from Wa- 
terloo n, in the absence of any | roof to the contrary, it had generally been assumed ihat he 
belonged to Saltonstall's colony which setlh d in Water town in 1030. When a.nd how Ihe 
familj came to Wethgrsiield is not known. Tliey came to New England probably about 
1637 or 1638, and were certainly here as early as 1639. Their youngest child, Katharine, 
was baptized June 20, 1637, in Pitininster, and thej must have come subsequent to that 
event. We find the following families or persons in Wcthcrsfield at a very early period, 
and they till came at the same time, probably, though this cannot be proved . 

1. Richard Treat a.nd his family, consisting of a w ife and nine children, three sens 
and £ ; .n daughters. 

2. Matthias Treat, probably a relative of Richard Treat. Can Hud no trace of 
hiiii in England, after a most thorough search. His baptism was probably recorded in 
the registers of some of the numerous parishes whose early records have been lost. 

3. Samuell Treatt- All we know of him is that according to the Wcthcrsfield 
record.-, lie had a wife named Mary, and n sou Bexnezisk. born July 29, 1661. What be- 
came of tho family, we know not. 1 1 is name does not appear among the freemen in 1669. 
rie 1 1 1 ; > 3 have been a son of Richard Treat, born in America, or a brother of Matthias 
Treat. Can find no trace of him in England. 

4. Mary Treat, or Mrs. Mary Treat, according to one account, married about 
1690, as ids second wile, Josiau 3 Wolcott, born July 22, 1658, and son of Henry- and 
Sarah (Newberry) Wolcolt, of Windsor, Conn. It is not known whose daughter she was. 
She may have been the daughter of Samuel Treat, but could not have been his widow, as 
she was too young for that. Sometimes the title of Mrs. was given to elderly unmarried 
ladies. Nor was she the daughter of Matthias Treat. Mr. Wolcott married for his first 
wife Penelope Curwin, and had one daughter Elizabeth, born March oU, 1688; died July 
12, 1702 ; the wife and mother dying soon after the birth of the child, lie moved to 
Salem, Conn. 

Children of Josiah and Mary Wolcott: 

1. JoSIAtr, b. Doc. 21, 1GU0; tl. Jan. I, 1(191. 

2, Tukat, b. March 20, UilMi; tl. July 7, 16'JG. 

0. Thomas, l>. June 23, !ii07; i!. Kupt. 13, 1700. 
■1. Mr.un U'l.i , 1). An-. ."., 1C0S; il. July H, 1721. 
5. Jonah, b. July 11, 1700; il. July 31, 1700. 



6. John, b- Sept. 12, 1702. 

7. Elizabeth, b. April l , 170."> ; d. June 2 !, 1710. 
S. Maky, b. July 13, 170G; tl. July 20, 170G. 

;». Tukat, b. Oct. 9, 1712. 

5, Widow Hannah Treat. According to the Hart Genealogy, page 1GG, she 
married April 12, 1G94, Lieu!. John Hart, of Farmington, Conn., who was bom LGG9, 
an.! the son of Stephen Hart, born in Braintrec, England. She joined tlie Second Church 
at Hartford, in 1700, and was admitted to the church at Farmington by letter from that 
church, Feb. 23, 1707-8. Who she was is not known. She could not have been the 
widow of either of the sons of Richard Treat, or of Matthias. The latter had a son Rich- 
ard, who was seven years old in 100:2. Of him we know nothing more. 

G. There were three other persons in Wethersfield, by the name of Trott, between 
1642 and 1G45. John Trott was a juror, Oct. 14, 1G42. Thomas Trott was a juror, 
Apr. 6, 1G43, and EliaS Tl'Ottc was lined 40 s. by the General Com!, Dec. 4, 16-lu, for 
keeping bad company, and "drawing wyne w th out lycence. " (C. ('. R., 1 : 7G, 83, 13G). 
What became of tliesc persons is unknown. Thej disappear from U'etbersfield. Perhaps 
the Dorchester, Mass., Trotts are of this same stock. In the earh Dorchester records 
the name is spelled Tratt and Trott. 

THOMAS TROTT, senior, was received to full communion in Dorchester, 8 (1) 1644 ; 

married , Sauah , who died May, 1712. He died Aug. (July/Sown records), 28, 

ifiOG, aged 82 (gravestone). The maiden name of his wife is unknown. 

The births of ids children are thus recorded : 

1. Sarah, dan Thomas Tnitc, '. j. 2fi : 11 : 1653. 

2. Maky, dau. Tli.. mas Tratt, b. 2S: 11 : 1(153. 

3. Saaiitm., sou oi Thomas Tratt, b. 27 ((1) 1GG0. 
i. John, son of Tliomas Trott, b. 2-1 (H) lGG-1. 

5. Tiiakki i"., dau. oi; Thomas Trott, b. 5 (10) IGC7. 
C. Jamks, son of Thomas Trail, b. 2 (1) 1871. 

Thomas Trott had. two otiier children : 

Thomas, b. ; d. Jan. 13, 1G93-4 ; in. , Ann . 

r«BSEUVEl>, bapt. Klin. 

So far as known, every person in the United Stales who bears the name of Treat, is 
descended from Richard or Matthias Treat. The name is now (1890), and has been for 
many years extinct in Wethersfield. In Glastonbury there are now six voters by that name. 

Church dissensions throw a little light on the Treat family in Wethersfield. In IG-36, a 
quarrel arose between Rev. John Russell and Lieut. John Hollister, whom he had excom- 
municated without giving him any reason for the act. A petition was presented to the 
General Court, Aug. 17, 165S (Conn. Col. Rce. 1 : "7',)), signed by John Holistcr, Tliom- 
as Wright, sen., John Demminge, sen., John Edwards, sen., and Richard Smith, sen., 
and six females, among whom was Alice wife of Richard Treat, sen., and his daughter Jo- 
anna, wife of Mr. Hollister, all members of the church, and thirtycight others not mem- 
bers of the church, but probably of the society, many of whom were men of high posit 'on, 
including Richard, James and Matildas Treat, asking that Mr. Russell might be removed 
and another minister be substituted. The mime of Richard Treat, sen., does not occur in 
this petition. He may hare been away on a visit to his son llobert in Milford a! thai 
time. March 9, 1U58-9, the Court sustained Lieut. Hollister in demanding that lie should 


be informed of the nature of the charges upon which he hail been excommunicated. They 
also observe that " whereas Mr. Treat. Mr. Ilolister, Jo : Demant [Doming] are desirous 
and willing to a etc nil some regular way for the composing their differences, and to y 1 end de- 
sires some Ch s : or p r sons may lie thought on. to liearc and determine the same : It is desired 
by the Coin!.!., thai Welhcrsficld Cli : , v.'" y' officer, would consid r the matter and season- 
ably, w lh out delay conclude if it can be vpon some way that may effect the issueing their 
sad differences." (C. 0. II. 1 : 330-1.) Oct. 9, 1G59, the court took means to settle this 
quarrel by calling in the aid of the church at Hartford and that at Windsor. The clifli- 
cult.y was ended in that year by the withdrawal of the minister and liis family to Hadley, 
Mas?. (Sec Rollister, Hist, of Conn., 1 4G2 ; Ilollister Genealogy, p. 19-20.) 

Among the freemen of "Wetbersfield, Oct. 11, 16G9, according to the Colonial Records, 
were "Richard Tret, sen., James Trett, . . . Richard Tret, junr." Robert Treat, son 
of Richard Treat, sen., had long before removed to Milford, and Matthias Treat, who had 
been made a freeman in 1G">7, had died in 1GG2. 


Richard 1 Tretit 'JloUrt, likho-Ci. William, Jo/,/;), was born 1584, in Pitminster, 
probably in the. hamlet of South Trendio, now the parish of Tnili. Somerset, England ; 

baptized in Pitminstei church, ing. 28, 1584 ; died , IGG9--70, in Wethersfield. Conn., 

was alive Get. II. ICi.'.i, and the inventory of Ins cstn'e v as presented to court, Iv!av< b 3, 
1G6S-70 ; manied. April 27, 1C15, in Pitmiiister, A: ice Gatlaud, who was baptized Blaj 
10, 1594, in Pitminster, when her name was spelled Gr.ykud, raid the daughter of Hugh 
Gaylardj who was burled Oct. :'i> 1G14, in Pitniinsler, and whose, will is recorded in i ; n; 
Taiii.ton Probate Court in i€M, but has utterly perished. When Alice Treat died is un- 
known. but she survived her husband, The tradition that Alice was a second wife, and 
that the name of the first wife was Joanna, who was the mother of Mr. Treat's children, 
has proved, upc« investigation, tc be unfounded. The name of Hugh Gayievd appears in 
the Taunton Manor Register, !-57o, Poundisford, for two Messuages and two Furlongs of 
Bordhind, and two acres of Overland i;: Smaiecrosse, and one acre of Overland in Lake- 
mead, in the Tythingof South Trendic. late of Nicholas Gnylerd. and the said Hugh first 
surrendered one acre of I>ondland called Soufbgrovc, in Tythi i« aforesaid, by surrender 
of John Gay'mrri (? J< hane widov, of Nicholas) to hold to said Jobano a Messuage and land 
for residence. &c. ili:: name aiso'iippeurs in the Calendars in 1574, '81, '88, '92, '9-1, ".<(> 
Oct. 4, IGOS, ho surrendered a. Close called Smulerest in the Tything of. South Treadle, to 
son George Gaylard. Richard Treat \vtx>. the son of RuiiKitT and Hoxoha or Hokocu 
Tbott (p. 16). and the $*• andson of Rick* an and Jo.vxxa Tj:ott (p. i ! ), all of Pitminster. 
His great grandfather ■■ a. probably V\ mm ' m Trott (p. 1 1) of Staplegrove, and his gi .■ I 
great grandfather, Jons Thott (p. 13) also of Staplegrove. lie was baptised under the 
name of Trott, married under the name of Trett; his children wen.' baptized by th.e nan os 
of Trott and Trait, and he was called Treat when he died. The name of Treat first ap- 
pears in 164-7, and ii! 1 664 he signed two cliffersn' documents under the n une of Ta at and 
Tro.i.fe. 1 find the following in regard to Richard IVeat, or Trott in the Taunton Manor 
Registers. This is an exact copy : 

1G00. Poundisford. ''Itieus Trott e p. i mesuage et dimid virgat terr nat i cotag cum 
s. ptm ct iiij acr terr de ou r land in decern de southtrendle ijuond'm Ilngonis Ilolhvcll cv 
reddicoe Robti Trotte per s. .'lend sui> condicoe i|d llonora Trotte relict eiusdem Robert 
Heat tcneat et gardeat oia et singula p. miss Duraut viduetat &e. Dat 4 Mar xlij EIiz. 
Bond-: John Prist & Nichi Dolling." 

Translation. "Richard Trotte for one Messuage and hall' a Virgate of Rondland. one 
Cottage with its Appurtananccs, and lour acres of < (vei land in the T\ thing of youth Tren- 
dle, late held by Hugh Llolwell, by surrenderor Robert Trotte, lobe held by him under 
condition that Honora (Honour) rebel of said Roherl (Trotte) have hold and possess all 
a,nd every ol the Premises ilurint' I'.ei widowhood, ite. Giveii March 1th ill 'die 4?d year 
of Queen Elizabeth, liondsuien, John I'rUl and Nicholas Dolling." 

This is the same land linil was once heid l>\ his grandfather Richard and falhei Robert 
Trotte, 157.1-7:2 (.page 15), 

uictmrd ar«KAT: fjkst (.en*; ration. 

Also same year, for f mr stores of Ovcrliiid pasture in Uolliiuore in the Ty tiling of S 'iitli 
TrcndJui lute of Win. .Wills, by ism-render of Hoberl Trolln, &s. ; aiso for three acres of 
Overland,, called Sioney Downe next tin road in the Tything of Souih Trendle, late of 
Agnes .liming, by surrender Of Robert Troll <&c. ; also, for two Cottages with Courtyards 
containing (blank) in the Ty thing ol South Trend I e, late oflliohard Aplyn, bysurrcndei 
of Robert Trott, &o. Hoc also the Calendars for 1601, '18, '19, '22, and '30. 

The family lived in the hamlet of Treudle. now tlie parish of Trull, in the parish of 
Pitminster, a large parish and village 4\ miles south of Taunton, now in the Piundre ! of 
Taunton Dean, in the Diocese of Bath and Wells. The soil is clay and the chief crops are 
wheat, oats, barley, roots and pasture land. The population was j362 in 1881. The res- 
ervoirs ol the Taunton waterworks arc in t.his parish. Barton Grange, anciently the res'- 
deuce of tin Priors ol Taunton, is at the foot of the Blagdon Kills, and the park contains 
some magnificent oaks and elms. Blagdon l£ miles souths est, Howleigh ) ', miles west, 
Fellham 1J miles south, and Lowton 2 miles west from the church, are hamlets in the 
parish. John and. Robert Trott, doubtless distant ''cousins," now reside in the parish. 
According to Coliinson's history of Somerset, p. o, Vol. I, in 1791, Pitminster comprised 
five hamlets: Blagdon, 17 houses; Leigh, 57 houses; Fulfe-rd, 23 houses; Treudle (now 
Trull), 30 house- ; Duddlestou, 28 houses The village of Pitminster contained 38 houses, 
and tiie whole number .of inhabitants was 1036. This manor, anciently culled Pipemins- 
tre and Pipplemenstrc, is mentioned iii the Domesday book, 10S0, and was given by iCing 
Haidit nnte to the church o( Winchester. In the time of King Stephen, the church of Pit. 
minstei was appropriated to the priory of Taunton, by Henry de Biois, bishop of Win- 
chester It is dedicated to St. Andrew and St. Mary. The present structure is not very 
ancient bnt built upon the ruins of one oi the Saxon times. It is eighty-eight feet 'on. and 
forty feet wide, in the pcrpendicuia: style, consisting of a chancel, nave, two side aisles, 
sov\J.h porch and western tower with a spire and five bells. There are some audi at and richly 
carved benches, a finely carved stone pulpit and rercdos, and some very interesting altar 
tombs to the Coles family, dating from the 16th and 17th centuries. Two of the windows 
are stained. TSie sittings are for lour hundred people. (See frontispiece.) 

Triil', anciently North and South Treudle, is a parish and village lying between Pit- 
minster and Taunton, two miles south from the latter and on the highroad to Iloniton. 
ji was formerly in the Hundred of Poini lisford, now in that of Taunton Dean. The chict 
crops are wheat, barley and roots. U> ISS1, the population was 960. The church of Ail 
Saints formerly helohged to the priory o! Taunton. The register of baptisms and burials 
date- from 1670; marriages, 1G77. The earlier ones have l>een iost. ')'•!<■ fabric is built, 
of local stone, of the perpendicular period, consisting of chancel, nave of three bays, aisles, 
south porch, and an embattled western tower of two stages, with pinnacles, and contain- 
ing six bells. Some of the ancient 16th century benches have very richly carved ^in\^. 
One represents the ordinary Sunday procession of a small parish church of Hie period, and 
includes (i) ahoy in slant surplice, carrying a cross; (2) a man in lleshed trunk hose and 
short surplice, carrying a candle or torch ; (3) a similar figure, wearing a maniple on the 
left arm and carrying a reliquary ; (1) a man in a long surplice, holding an open book, 
probably a deacon or second priest ; (5) the priest, vested in a fringed albaud embroidered 
cope, and holding an open hook ; neither holy water nor incense is shown. Another bench 
end represents the instruments of the Passion and the figure of a cock: two more bear 
the letters S and W respectively, the lattei letter being upheld on the peaks of two birds ; 
at the back of the fnrlhercsl seat arc eight panels, ornamented with the linen pattern and 
bearing this inscription.; '•John Waye Clarke here," an I "Simon Wurman, maker of this 

28 RicnAitn tiijrat: first oknekation'. 

works, Alio Dni 1560." Our ancestors must have sat in these very seats. On 11"' back 
of the pulpit arc figures of St. John tlio Evangelist, and the four Latin Doctors; Hutu is 
■in ancient screen of carved oak and six stained windows. The church was restored in 
1S62. (Sec [Telly's Somerset Directory, 1889, pp. 308,309, 374.) If the early Trull regis- 
ters had not perished they would doubtless supply many gaps in the family history. 

Social Rank op Richard Treat. 

Mr. Treat must have, been a man of high social standing and of much influence in Cue, 
town of Wcthersfield, and i'i the colony of Connecticut. This is evident from the vari- 
ous positions of trust, occupied by him. Titles once meant something. Not everyone, 
as at the present day, had Esq. attached to their names. Even the prefix Mr. or Master 
was a mark of importance. It was then a title fully as high as Honorable is now. Gen- 
erally speaking, not more than live freemen' in a hundred had the title of Mr., and very 
few of t'ne deputies and magistrates. 

By the General Court of Massachusetts, Sent. 21, 1031, "It is ordered, that Josias 
Plastowe shall (for stealing 4 basketts of corne from the Indians), returns them 8 bas- 
kctts Rgaine, be ffined V. 1 and hereafter to be called by the name Josias, & not Mr. as 
formerly lice vsed to be." (Mass. Records, 1 : 92.) 

In the list of freemen of Wethersfield for 1659, only three besides Richard Treat, s,\, 
are styled Mr., and he bore thai title as early as 1042, and perhaps earlier. In 1095, out 
of a list of 114 legal inhabitants of Ea-otham, -Mass., only two have the title of Mr.,— Mr. 
Sunderland, who was the schoolmaster and held in high respect, and Mr. Treat t'ne min- 
ister. It is said that Mr. Treat was a deputy from Wethersfield as early as 1637, but 
there is no proof of this so far as 1 know and it is doubtful whether lie was there as early 
as that. Certainly he is not mentioned as one in the Connecticut Records before 1G1!. 
He was chosen a juror, June 15, 1643,— a high position then, generally occupied only by 
the most prominent persons,-— and grand juror, Sept.. 15 of the same year. (C. C. K. ! : 
SS, ^. r; .) 

In April, 1044, lie was chosen deputy, and was annually elected for fourteen years, up 
to I 657-8 (H>. 1 : 103). 

lie was elected assistant, or magistrate, eight times, from March 11, 1657-8 to 1665 
(ib. 1 : 810). 

Oct. 25, I'm 1, he and Mr. Wells were the committee from Wethersfield to receive money 
for maintaining scholars at Cambridge (ib. i : 112). 

In 165-1, he was chosen on a committee to lay out lands granted by the town. 

Ill 1660, he was a townsman, an ofiiee answering to the present selectmen. 

Oct. 4, 1660, lie was appointed to examine Thirty mile Island, a valuable township, 
thirty miles from the mouth of the Connecticut, with a view to settlement. 

In 1003, he was appointed to procure a minister. He also held various other ofiiees of 
honor and trust, which have been mentioned on pages "-'0 and 21. 

March 14, 1660-1, the General Court of Connecticut applied to King Charles II, for a 
charter for their colony, which was granted April 23, 1662. It was of a very liberal char- 
acter. Richard Treat, and two of his sons-in-law, John Deming anil Matthew Canifield, 
were among the patentees: 

"CHARLES THE SECOND, BY THE GRACE of God. King of England, Scotland, 
France and Ireland, defender of the Faith, &c. ; to all to wiioinc theis shall conic. Greot- 
inge : whicuras, by the several Navigaeons, discoveryes & successfull Planlaeous of di- 



verse of our lovcing Subjects of this ouv Realms of England, Several Lands, Islands, 
Places, Colonies anil Planlae.ous have In i, ( btsiinecl and . railed in Dial parte of the Con- 
tinent of Amcrh a called New England, and thereby the Trade and Commerce there 
b\ ii •>!' iale veuves mnoii increased, am> wiikkkas, we have hyii informed l>y the humble 
1-clii on of cur Trusty and well beloved John Wintbrop, John Mason, Samuel Willis, Henry 
Gierke, Matthew Allen, John Tampan. Nathan Gold, Richard Trcatc, Richard Lord, Homy 
YVooiieot.t, John j'aleoii, Daniel Gierke, John Ogdcu, Thomas Wells. bed i as Bre.wcn, 
John Clerk, Anthony I-Jaukins, John Denting and Matthew Camlield, being Persons Prin- 
cipally interested in our Colony or Flanlaeon of Conectii utl in New England, Liiat the same 
Colony 01 the meal isi parte thereof was purchased and obteyned for create and valuable 
Consi'leracons, Ami some other parte thereof gained l«\ Conquest, and with much difficulty, 
and alt the only endeavours, expence and Charge of them and their A .sociates, and those 
uuli'i' vvhome they Cla.i me, Subdued and improved, and thereby become a considerable ei - 
Iargement and addicon of our Dominions and interest there, — NOW KNOW YEA" &c. 
(C. C. 1", 2: 3-11.) 

He was a membc.i of Governor Winthrop's Council, Dec. 17, 1GG3. and July 1, 1GG<I 
{lb. 15: 388). 

Mr. Treat was also a man of considerable wealth for those limes and an extensive land 
owner in Welliersficld. At the laying out of the Naubuc farms, which consisted of lands 
on the east side of the Connecticut river, within the limits of what was then Wet.herslield, 
but now Glastonbury, in 1 640, or as early as ] G :J 9 , the tou n gave him a large tract of land, 
lot No. 36, 330 rods wide by the river, computing south from Roaring Brook, and ex- 
tending hack a long ways into the wilderness, some three miles. The exact size of this 
lot is not known, but is supposed to have contained about 000 acres. It was called the 
'• farm of Nayog," and long known as the " Treat farm." Richard Treat, jr., inherited 
this farm, lie also bought several homesteads. In 1641, he bought the house of John 
Whitmore, on the east side of High St., at the north end, with 121 acres of land around 
it. and also hte lot No. 27, at Naubuc, of 54 acres. The same year, or a little earlier, he 
bought both of the homesteads of Matthew Mitchcl, one on the east side, and the other 
on the west side of Broad St., both bavin;; dwelling houses and barns attached. He also 
purchased the homestead of Thurston Raynor, on the west side of Broad St.., and, his lot 
No. 0, containing 330 acres, across the river. These three— Whitmore, Mitchel, and 
Raynoi — removed to Stamford, Conn. In 1659, he bought the homestead of Rev. John 
Russell, who went to Hadley, situated on the west sideof Broad St. He give away much 
of his property while alive. One of the lots which heowned in 1641, remained in the fam- 
ily clown to about 1855. It was on Broad street. No one by the name of Treat now 
(1890) live.-, in Welliersficld. 

Autograph of Richard Treat, senior, and Alice Tret, his wife, Sept. 28, JGGi: 

Will op Richard Theat. 

The last will & Testament of Richard Trealesou r in tiie Colony of Connecticut in maucr 
& forme as Kolioweth : 

Imprimis I being weak it Infirm of body but of sound understanding & of competent 
memory tUvj resigne my .soule to the Lord hoping to bo Justified & saved by the merits of 



Christ, & my body to he bnryeil Item J give & bequeath Ui usv loving wife \lis Treat 
after my decease all the lands of wbal Mud soever I aland possessed of within Hie Bounds 
of Wcthersfield : viz : live acres of land hi',/ in the dry swamp whieli 1 have Improved &: 
prepared Ibi use lyohiir next my sonn James iand Item, one puiee of nicadov. lycing in meadow Commonly failed by the name oi Send Home. Item the one liall'c or 
eight acres next [Tonic Gf Unit peico of meadow commonly cubed fillharne, Item t-lio Home 
lott By Hie playni lain side. Item the dwelling lionse thai 1 formerly live I in w ll) conven- 
ient yarde rooinc and thai end of the Barne on tins side the threshing Kloare next the 
dwelling house, with the one halfe of that Lotl belonging to the said dwelling house !yo.- 
ing next his~son Richards house & Lott except my wife & sou James shall agree other- 
wise; Item nil my pasttue hind fenced in beyond my daughter Iiollisters lott: Item 
the use of Two of my best cowes ivhieh she shall ehuse, which if they shall eoulinue & 
stand longer than my loving wife liveth they shall lie my widest sonn Richard Treats; 
Hem J give to my loving wife the standing bed bedding bedsted '.villi all the furniture 
thereto belonging, w 11 ' the use of so much of the household Goods during her life time as 
she shall Judg needful for her comfort of what sort soever. 

Item I give and bequeath to my eldest son Richard Treat the full possession & confir- 
mation of the farme oi' Nayog, with all the respecliue privileges thereto belonging with 
Tnree of my youngest Heifers. 

Iti in, 1 give to my second sonn Robert Treat Ten pounds. 

Item, 1 give to my youngest sonn James Treale besides the Lauds already made over 
to him my inili & grinding -tone faun Timber Chaines, stillyards & my little bible; 

Item ! give to my sonn in law Matthew Uampfield fwentie pounds for that *.vhUsh is ie- 
lmryning for his portion ; 

Item i give to my daughter flollistcr Port} shillings. Item, to ray daughter Johnson, 
Ten n shillings. 

Item my debts being payed I give to my loving sons John Demon & Robert Webster, 
equally ail the rest o." my Goods & chattels whatsoever except M f Perkins Booke which i 
give to my sonn Join. Demon [Dinning], & my great Bible lo my daughter Honour De- 
mon, Ov. that money in my cousin Samuel Wells his hand, unto my cousin David Doming, 
soi. of John Demon sen r & in\ desire is that 

M\ sonn in iaw Join, Demon , Robert Webster and Richard Treat would be my over- 
seers for their mutual hely.fulness to ra\ louing wife, & endeavoure to see the aceompiish- 
racni ■ <•!' this my last will and Testament, and for tlie ratifycation hereof 1 have this Thir- 
teenth claj of February, 1GG8, set to iny hand and scale 

Richard Treat Sen : (seil) 

There is one expression in this document, " next his son Richanis lionse," instead of 
11 next my son Richards house," which would seem to indicate that Mr. Treat did not him 
self write ill,' will, but that it. was drawn up at his dictation. Probably he was too weals 
and infirm to do it person ally. 

The Inventory of his estate was exhibited in Court, "March 3, 1669-70, and is as follows : 

Imp. Catlel & Swine ■ . £34—00—00 

Item several G is in the house the particulars have") 

been valued which arc these that followe £05—06—00 
in the Chamber next the Barnc j 

In the other Chamber . £05—15—00 

More in the same chamber £02—16—00 

To several In the Kitchen which have been valued at £13—11—02 

In the parlour £03—12—06 

.Oatcs & Indian Conic & Salt £01 — 10—00 

Jan : 69 apriscd by 

John Deminge 


Robert Webster 

£G9 — 10— S 

exhibited In Court 
March 3'' 10(19 


Children born ami baptized in l J i (minister, England: 

(1.) Ho.;o!:,' b. UiJC; I apt. March ill, jr.15-0; ■'.. : m. about 153*, .lolm T^.-dim ;. 

(2.) ao.Cv.N-j, b. 1GIS; May 24, JiilS; .1. Oct. — lG'.'-l ; m. John ilolbskT 

(3.1 Saijait, b. 1G20; bnpt. D'.c. J, 1C20; (1. ; m. about iG4+, Matthew Can., field. 

(4.) ilici>\i:», b. IC'ii'-a ; Jan. 0, 1622-3; d. about 1093; m. n'oout 1G0I , Sarah 


(fi^ JtOKHiir, b. 1024-?; bapfc. Feb Ko, 1G2!-S; ('. .Inly 12,1710; m., 1st, J.iac 

Xapi ; _M. Oct. 24, 170?, Mrs. ISli/abetb 'Holiingsworth) Bryan, dan. of Micliaul Pow- 
ell, of Isostou. 

(6.) Eiixai:,.tit, u. 1G27: bnpt. July 25, 1G27; .1. ; m. about 1549, George Wolc mi. 

i.V.) Susans*, b. 1G29; bapi. Oct. S. lG2'.i; d. ■ 170"; in. about 1G52, Robert 

8. AjuC!:, b. 1(131-2 ; bapt. Feb. 16, 1G31-2; buried Aug. 2, 1033, in PHm'ustcr. 

(g.) Jami-s, b 1C34; bapl-July 20, 1034; d. Feb. 12,170i),iii his 75th year; in. Jan. 2G, ; 

1 r. > . , , p. i, eca I.atiiiii:.T. 

10. Katharixj;, !,.— — 1637; b?pt. Jvne 2P, 1G37; d. ; in. No*-. 29. hi,"", Jiev. William 

Thoiap on, or romson, of New Haven, by Gov. John Fndecott. a( Boston, according 
to t i i • -^ Boston Records. He was the son of William and Abigail Thompson, who 

came !r England about 1037, and 'settled in Braintree, Mass. He graduated at Har- 

varil in 15"3, and was a preacher in Spriugtield, Mass., in 1.1 J4-G. (n Marcli. i il.j 7. in- 
came to Stouingtou, Conn., >\ n.h iiis family. "Was employed by the Commissii iicrs of 
the Untied Colonies acting for the Louden Society "foi the Gospel in 
New 15ug!and,'"asa Missionary to Wjuot Indians, in 1653, at V\ sstnxet , in Westerly, 
i>. 1. Mr. Stanton, tiv-n Interpreter General of New England, was employed by the 
Cot nnissioMcrs as Interpreter to Mr. Thompson. About 1('.".', lie resided it- New Lon- 
don, ' onn. Aftir 1CC1. his salarj frcm the- Society was wttVivawn as he neglected 
the business, probably from ill health. March 14, he was made a fs-ecman of 
Connecticut. In 1GG3, ht left New London in feeble health, and in Sept. 1GG4-, tva.i in 
Surry Co., Vc. Oct. II. ti'-'k lie made a'tender of his piopcrty to the Court of Magis- 
trates at Hartford, foi the ltciuidotion of a dubt, be! ns; about to remove to Virginia; 
and Oct. 13, the Court ordi red the Constable of New London to tali | ossession of his 
property, iJmie 29, li>05, he wrote f. . itierfn in Hxford Bay, Va.^to Ids "Loving brother 
Mr. Jaioes Treat of ^Vcthersiicld " authorizing him to sell property i t. New Loudon, 
and that is the last that n-ehear ofhim. His death probably oecu: red soon after, though 
the date is unknown. Richard Treat in hi- will, Feb. 15, 1068-9, mentions "my 
daughter Johnson," but as the Boston Records state explicitly thai she married Mr. 
"William Thompson, who also calls James Treat "brother", meaning brother-in-law, 
the name Johnson must be a mistake or a misreading, for Tomson or Tonipson, — and 
the mistake conld occur very easily from a similarity of appearance of the names in 
writing. — oi Johnson "nay have been the name of a second husband, though he is never 
heard of elsewhere. In the copy of Mi. Treat's will on record now al the State House, 
Hartford, Conn., the nana- is plainly Johnson. We have no record of any childreu. 
(See Sibley's Biographical Sketches of Graduates of II. U., pp. 354-357, Vol. 1.) 


(I) Honor' 2 Treat (Jticliard 1 ), born 1616; baptized March 19,1615-6, in Pitminster, 

Somerset, Eng. , died ; married about 1037. John Deming, who died in 1705, in 

WethersGeid, Conn., where he was among the earliest settlers in 1635. He was admit- 
ted n freeman in 16-15; is named in the Charter of Connecticut of 1662; was deputy 
nineteen times from 1646-1665, and had the title of Mr. His will is dated Jan. '26, 1600, 
iind probated in 1705. (See Goodwin's Genealogical Notes.) 

Children (not in order of birth), of John and Honor Deming, born in Wethersfleld : 

1. John", b. Sept. 9, 1G3S; cl. Jan. 23. 1712, in We.ihersficld ; ru. Sept. 20, 1657, Miii'j Mjgatt, 

b. in 1087, and dan. of Uea. Joseph Mygntt of Hartford, Conn. Had seven children, 
live sons anil two daughters. 

2. JoKA.aiAX,l>. : 1G39; d. Jan. 8, 1699-1700,agcdaboutCl,in\v"ethersneld;m.,lst,K'ov. 31, 

16C0, Sarah who d. June '.', LGf.S ; 2d, Dec. 2.">, 3073, Elizabeth Gilbert, who el. 

Sept. 4, 1714. Had twelve children, five sons nnd seven daughters. 

3. Samuel, b. 10'JG: d. April C, 1709, aged LiP. in Wether,-:lield; m. March 29, 1G94, Sarah 

Kirby, dau. of John Kirby, oi' Midciletown, Conn. 
1. David, b. about if,",:' ; d. May •!, 1723, aged . • in Boston (g. s. Granary burying ground) : m. 
Aug. 10, 1678, Mary— — v.'hod. Oct. 1 ■!, 172*, aged 72 (g. s. Granary). He was a fence 
viewci in Cambridge In 1CC9, and man in 1700. Cnviied the Brattle estate, ex- 
tendiugfrom BrftttleSq. to Ash St. I>o record of his family in Cambridge. Removed 
to Boston before 1707, \vher« he resided on Newbury St. In his will dated April 23, 
172S, probated May 23, 1725, lie is called a -Knacker." Inventory, £840. 12s. 3d., in- 
cluding an Indian buy valued at i'CO (Sufi. Prob.). lie and various members of his 
family arc buried in Boston. Is frequently mentioned in Sewall's Diary. His son 
Kcv. David Deming, grad II. C. 1700, and cl. 17*6. 

5. Ebexezer, b. ; cl. May 2, 1705, in Wethersfleld; m. July 1C, 1G77, Sarah . 

Had three children, two sons and one daughter. 

C. Kachel, b. ; cl. ; m. Nov. 10, 1GG5, John Morgan. 

7. DAUGHTER, b. ; d. ; m. Bee! ley. 

8. Mary, b. ; cl. ; m. John Hurlmit of Middletown, Conn., b. March 8, 

1642; d. Aug. 30, 1690. 

9. Elizabeth, b. ; A. ; in. June 10, ]f,57, Thomas Wright. 

10. Sarah, b. ; d. Sept. 29, 1717, in Hadley, Mass. ; in. Samuel Moody, of Hart- 
ford who d. Sept. 21', 1CS9. 


(2) Joanna- Treat (RMarcV), born . 1G18; baptized May 24, 1613, in 

Pit minster, Somerset Kng. ; died Oct. — 1 CD-J- , in Wethcrsfiokl, Conn.: married . 

Jons rioi.L!RTEit, said to have been a native of Bristol, EnghuuJ, born aboni. 16i2; 
died between April 3 3-20, 1665. 11. - is said to have- come to New England about J 042; 
was made a freeman, May 10, 1643, in Weymouth, JJass. There is reason, however, for 
thinking that there were two John llollisters in New England nl the same time, one at 
Weymouth who afterwards returned to England, and the other at Welhcrslield. in June, 
1644, was a member of the jury at Hu'tford, from Wethersfh Id, Conn. He was a deputy 
fourteen times, from 1 644-1 658, and had the title of Sir. when he first came to Conn., bat 
after 1657, was styled Lieut. [Tollistor. In 1656, he became involved in a church quarrel 
with the Rev, Joint Russell, of Wcthersfield, who excommunicated him that year, and re- 
fused to give any reason for lus act. Ilollister and his friends petitioned the Court, Aug. 
x7, 1658, for an order compelling Sir. Russell to give his reasons. This petition was 
granted. As near as we can judge from the scant records which hip- o come down to us, 
Mi. Ilollister had accused Mr. Russell of having given false testimony in n, certain ease 
which was probably true, though perhaps, not intentional. The result of the quarrel was 
that Mr. Russell and his friends moved to Had ley, under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, 
in 1653, (See Genealogy of tiie Ilollister family, pp. 19—27.) 

Children of Lieut. John and Joanna Ilollister, probably not in the order of birth, bom 
in Wethcrslield : 

1. Er.i/.AisETii 3 , b. ; cl. ; in., about 1(159, Samuel Welles, of Glastonbury, Conn., 

who cl. July 15, 1G75, aud was the sun of Gov. Thomas Welles. Iroi his second wifi 
he m. Hannah, dan of George Lamberton, of Nov.- Haven. Had six chitciren, two 
sons and Com daughters. 

2. John, I), about 10-14 ; d. Nov. 24, 1713 ; m. Nov. 20, luG7, Sarah Goodrich, wlio d. about 

1700, and was the dan. of ICusign William Goodrich of Wethcrslield. H.< was sergeant 
in the militia. Had ten children, six sons and four daughters. 

3. Thomas, b. about 1G49; d. Nov. R, 1701 ; m., 1st, about K.71. Elizalx Hi Lattimer, who was 

b. Doc 2G, 107,2: 2d, about 1G90, Mrs. Elizabeth Williams, widow of Amos Williams. 
He was a Lieut, in the militia. Had eight children, live sons and three daughters. 

4. Joseph, b. ;d Aug. 29, IG73-4 ; mini. 

5. Lazarus, b. , 1G5G; d. Sept. — , 1709; num. 

G. Mart, b. ; cl. ; m. IGG9, John Welles, of Stratford, Conn., who d. 

March 24, 1711. son of John Welles, and gr. son of Gov. Thomas Welles. Had eight 
children, four sons and four daughters. 

7. Sarah, b. : d. Dec. 8, 1G91 ; in., 1st, about IG74, Rev. Hope Atherton, who was b. 

inlG4G,d. .Times, 1G77, aged 31, and son of Maj. Gen. Humphrey Atherton, of Dorchester, 
Mass., and first minister of Hatfield, -Mass. ; 2d, about 1G79, Lieut. Timothy Baker, of 
Northampton, Mass., who d. Aug. 30, 172!l. Had eight children, lour sons and four 

8. SiKi'iir.s-, b. , 1G58; cl. about Oct. 2, 1709; in.. 1st, about IPS:?, Abigail 8 Treat, b. 

3G59, and dan. of Matthias' Treat ; 2d, between 1702 and 170'.', Mis. Elizabeth (Coleman) 
lieynolds, widow of Jonathan !!"\ nolds, and dau. of John Coleman, ('apt. Stephen 
Hollisli rd. a I Grecvbush, near Ail. any. N. Y.. "about. Oct. 2, 1709,' ..I ramp distemper. 
Had eleven children, seven sonsand four daughters. Sec Abigail 8 Treat under Matthias 1 
S (33) 


(Sj Sarah 5 Treat (Richard 1 ), born ,1620; baptized Dec. 3, 1620, in Pitmin- 

stcr, Somerset, England; d. , in Newark, N. J.; married about 1644, Matthj >v 

C a Mr field. The name is sometimes spelled CanGcld. In one old document he is called 
"Matlm Cainpiiiic of Norwack." lie had the title of Mr. He was firs! of New Haven, 
Conn., but subseqn! ntlj removed to Norwalk, Com.. Was made n freeman in 1654 : was 
deputy j 654-1 GGC ; assistant 1658, 1 663. Jlis name occurs in the charter of 1662. After- 
wards, about IGG'.i he became one of the first settlers of Newark, N. J., where lit; was 
magistrate 1670-72; assistant 1669,1671, 1073. The inventory of his estate is dated 
ii: 1673, ii> which year he died, between March 19, 1672-3, and June C, following. 

Children of Matthew and Sarah Campficld, the first six born in Ne\i Haven : 

1. Samuel, 3 b. ; bapt. Oct. 10. IG43; d. * in Willougbby. dau. of Hun. 

Francis Willoughby of Charlestown, Mass., who was made an inhabitant, .A'.ijr. 22, 
lfi38, ami afterwards became Deputy Governor of Massachusetts. Mr. Campfleld w:is 
made a freeman in 1GG9, and settled in Norwall:, Conn., and received his portion of his 
father's estate there. 

2. b. May 23, 1G47; bapt. May 24, 1G47. 

3. Ebenkzkk, b. , 1G49; d. Nov. — . 1G9J : in. , Bethia . 

4. Matthew, b. May 9, 1G50; d. before 1705. 

5. Hannah, b. .lime 21, 1C51 ; bapt. June 22. 1G51. 

6. Kaciiki. b. July 29, 1G52; d. probably before IC73. 

7. Jonathan, b. ; d. Nov. 20, IG-SS. 

8. Mary, b. ; d. . 




(4) Richard' 2 Treat (Mkhard 1 ) , bom LG22-3 ; baptized Jan. 9, L622-3,in Pilroinster, 
Somerset, England ; died about 1C93, in Wetherslicld, Conn. ; married, about 1661, Sarah 
Coleman, daughterofThomas Coleman, one ofthe first settlers of Wethers field, afterwards 
of Hatfield, Mass. She died Aug. 23, 1734, aged ninety-two, at Rocky Hill, Wethersfield, 
at the house of Capt. Ephraiin Goodrich, her son-in-law. Mi . 'L real was the oldest son of 
Richard Treat. By his father's will in IGGS -9, he inherited the great farm of Nayog, or 
Naynug, of some 900 acres. I find 'the following record in Vol. 1, Wethersfield Land 
Recoids, p. J:'0. There is no date to the entry : 

"The Land? of Richard Tratt junior, lying on the East sid o? the Great River, at a 
place called Nayake, w" was given by the Townc to his Father for -j, farme, and is now 
given to him by his said Father. The bredth hy the River sid meadow and swamp, is 
three hundred and ten rods ; from the River to a markt tie. 1 ■.•i.i„ a white eke, is two hun- 
dred eighty six rods, on the South sid of that farme. Upon this fanne stands his house 
and barne, upon a parcell of upland w' 1 !ys within Mr. Hollister's farme. containing seaven 
acrs. more or lese. The. ends abuts on Mr. [Joilister North, and his owne land South; 
and the sids next the said Mr. Hoi lister East, and West." 

This was long called the "Tr< at Farm," situated in Glastonbury, Conn., and .some por- 
tion remained in the family io the present generation. March 1 I, 1657-8, Mr. Treat was 
chosen corporal of the Train Band in Wethersfield, the first body of cavalry in Connecti- 
cut. He is supposed to have died between Feb., 1690, and 1693, as his name appears in 
a petition of the former dale for the incorporation of Glastonbury, but does not appear in 
a similar document in 1G93. 

Children born in Wethersfield : 

2. KiCHABD, 3 b. Feb. 11. 1GG2; d. . 

3. Sarah, b. June S, 1GIH; •!. Jan. 20, 17! 1 -2, in. Hay 20. 1GS4, Capt. Ephraiin Goodrich. 

4. Maiit b. Got. 8, 1GGG; d. Jan. 1, 1748; in. Dec 10, 1GS4, Thomas Chester. 

5. Tjio.mas, Il Dec. 12, 1GG8; d. Jan. IT, 1712-;'.; in. July a, 1G93, Dorothy BulUley, 


UICIIAKD TREAT: Tllliil" <;i".MCi;.\TK>X. 


3 Sarah 3 Treat (Richard? RMumV), born June 8, ICGJ, in Wetherslieid, Conn.; 
died Jan. 26, 171 1-2 (gravestone in WeUicrstield) ; married May 20, LG84, Capt. Emikaim s 
GooDuioiiof Rocky Hill, Wet.hersfieid, horn June •_', 1GG3, died Feb. 27, !739, aged 76, 
and son of William 1 and Sarah (Marvin) Goodrich. For his second wife, ho married Dec. 
25, 1712, her eonsin Mrs. Jerusba 3 (Treat) Welles, daughter of James 3 Treat. 

Children of Capt. Uphraiw and Sarah Goodrich, born in Wel.hci'sfield s 

■J. iJuiiAi-p,' I). Feb. 27, IGS.1; <!. April 7. 1~59: m., 1st, May IS, 1709, Hannah llulkley; 2nd, 
April 23, 172], Mehituble Boaidnmn. 

7. Saiuu, I:. Aug. 3, HiSO; cl. May fl, 178.">; m. Dec. 15, 17.'."., kichurd Butler of Wethersfield, 

who d. Oct. 27, 1757. 

8. Erui!.viM,l>. l>c. 21, 1093: cl. Aug. 12, 1771; ai. July 10, 1715, Hannah Steel. 

0. Wili.tam, b. Feb. 21, 1C97; d. Dec. 1C, 1767; m. April ■!. 172S, Kachul Savage, who cl. 

10. Daviji, I). Oct. 8. 109?; cl. Jan 7.177:'; m. Feb. 13, 1729, Surah Edwards, who d. May II, 

1799, la lie;- 80 1 1! joar. Had eleven children, six sons and live daus. 

11. Thomas, b. Sept 27, 1.701; cl. ; in. Nov. 2C, 1719, Hannah Reynolds. 

12. Gll'iio.s, b. Feb. 7, 170.-.: cl. , 17(19; m Jane 29, 171S, Sarah . Think there 

jimsl t j.j a mistake somewhere, as he was married ivhen but thirteen years old according 

to the dates given. - 
These children are. of the third generutioi in the Goodrich line. See. Genealogy of the 
Goodrich family, ed. 18S9. 

4 Mary ;! Treat (Richard,- Richard 1 ), born Oct. 8, 1GG6, in Wethersfield, Conn. ; 
died Jan. 1, 1748. in tier eighty-first year, in Welhcrslield ; married Per. 10. JGS4, Tiiosias 9 
CfltSTEK of Wethersfield, born March "23, l6Gl-2,died Deo. 4. 1 712, and son of Capt John 1 
nil! Sarah (/Welles) Chester. His mother was the daughter of Thomas Welles,' one of the 
first settlers of Hartford and Welhersfield, and the fourth governor of the Connection I Colony. 

Childien of Thomas and Mary Chester, born in Wethersfield : 
)3. Eunice,* u. Nov. 22, 1G85. 
U. Samuel, b. Sept. 29, 1.690; d. March 17, 1710. 

15. JOHN*, b. Dee. 17, 1099; d. Dee. 14, 1710. 

16. Mary, b. dun. G, 1700. 

5 Lieut. Thomas' Treat (Richard? Richard 1 ), bom Dee. 12, 1GGS, in Wethers- 
field, Conn.; died dan. 17, 1712-3, in Glastonbury, Conn.; married July 5, IG93 Dohothy, hoi n aliout IGG2, died , 1757, and daughter of Rev. Gershom and Sarah 

(Chauncey) Uulkley. M r. Treat was one of the petitioners for the incorporation of Glaston- 
bury, Feb. 13, 1G90, and in 1691, assisted in forming the first church in 1 hat town. In .May, 
1711 , lie was appointed lieu tenant of the Train Band, lie was originally appointed executor 
of the will of his father-in-law, Mr. Uulkley, but dying first, his wife Dorothy was made ex- 
ecutrix- of her father's estate by a codicil. In 170:5, 170G, 1707, and 1712, he was a dep- 
uty to the General Court. Jan. 27, 1714, the town of Glastonbury voted to give GO acres 
of land additional to Mr. Thomas Treat, deceased. March 2G, 1714, GO acres additional 
were voted to his heirs, and March 7, 1743, another grant of 39 acres, 32 rods, and 10 1 
poles, was made to the same parties. In 1737, Ihc Glastonbury School Society paid Dor- 
othy Treat, the widow, or daughter, probably, of Mr. Treat, L'10 for keeping school. The 
following is an extract from the will of Mr. Uulkley. 



"Lastly to my daughter Dorothy Treat, aforesaid who as yol liatli had hut little awl 
what she hath had is not now to lie accounted for her (to her), i give ami bequeath all the 
rest of my persona! estate, whatsoever it. be, without mentioning or apprizing of particu- 
lars, whether it be in iny own hands or in the hands of others, or due and owing from 
others to nic : except only that if there shall be any poor widow or widows or other truly 
poor persons not. able to pay their drills to me, my will is that my executor shall remit 
it and not trouble Ihem for it, — which J must leave to his discretion, yd with the ad- 
vertisement, thai by poor T mean such as are indeed poor, at least by divine Providence, 
not by idleness, nor such as may say 'hey are poor, and yel can find wherewith to drink, 
swell, and swagger, and make themselves poor and others too. 

"And in particular, To her, my said l)orolhy Treat, I give and bequeath my negro 
maid Hnnnah, willingly and solemnly requiring that into whose hands soever she may 
happen to come they use her well, and consider that she hath n soul to save as well as 
wee. and is a Christian; and therefore that they make conscience to promote her in her 
reading, catechism, ami all Christianity, that she may prolil and grow in religion and god- 
liness and attain the piic! of baptism to the glory of God, and this I earnestly require on 
her behalf, as thev will answer the neglect thereof before God." (Bulkley Genealogy, 
,>. 85.) 

March 9, 1710- 11, :<!, ;> meeting of the Governor and Council, the following resolution 
was passed : 

"Ordered that Lt. Thomas Treat of Glassenbury, be paid thirty shillings by the treas- 
urer, for his extraordinary labour and science as interpreter, and in managing the Indians, 
who served in the expedition lo Wood Creek." 

The inventory of Mr. Treat's estate, taken April 3, 1713, amounted to .£770, Cs. Tie 
was commonly called "Thomas Treat of Nayaug," and inherited froyi his father in 1693 
the large farm left by ids grandfather Richard. His name was sometimes spelled Trat 
His will is dated June 13, 1700. when about Lo go in the service against Canada. In it 
he requests that his sou Richard, if he recovers from his malady, migiit be brought up at 
college, which was done. His widow Dorothy was appointed administratrix, March v, 

J lis gravestone is a large slab of sandstone, raised a little from the ground, but in a 
neglected condition, in the old burying ground on the Green, Glastonbury, and bears this 
inscription : 




1)1 Kl) JANVAHV 'I'll 10 17'"i 


ETA I'lS A 1 1 \'T 4 1 


Children born in Glastonbury : 

17. Hicuaup,' I). May 14, 1GSM; d. about 1759; in. Aug. 7, 1728, Susanna Woodbridge. 

18. Cnuo.i'.s. b. Feb. 28, 1G95-G; <!. ; in. Oct. 12, 1727, Sarali Gardiner. 

10. Thomas, b. May ,",, 1(599; d Jan. 15, 1780; m. M ly 10, 172(5, Mary Hopson. 

20. Isaac, b. Aug. 10, 1701 ; d. Aug. 29, 17G3; m. Dec. 10, 1730, Rebecca Bulkley. 

21. Donoinv, ) , . , , „. ,.,.,, r (I. . 

', twins.b. Aue. 28, Uvi;J 
22. Dokothkos, 3 Id. ,17;.."); 111. ,1754, Mrs. Han- 

nah (House) Bunion. 

_ 23. Saiiah, b. Jan. 21, 170G-7; d. ; m. Mnrcli 13, 1728-9, Joseph Tryon.Jr. 

24. Maky, b. Jan. 9, 1709-10; d. Feb. 12, 1735; in, Jan. 1. 1732-3, Joseph Stevens. 



17 Rev. Richard' Treat (Tlmmax* Richoril* IiicIntrcV), bom May 14, IG94, 
in Glastonbury, C'lim. ; died about 1750; married Aug 7, 1728, Susa.nn~a Wooduuiw/.k, 
baptized Feb. 0, 170." 1, and daughter of Rev. Timotliy Woodbridgc of Hartford, Conn., 
who graduated at Harvard College in 1G76, was a member of Say brook Synod in 1708, 
and <ii d April 80. ! 7'!^', aged about eighty. In his ivil! lie made the following provisions : 

"] Give my Daughters Rutii Pierson and Svsannah Treat (with what each of them iiane 
already liad from me) So mveh out of my Estate as lo make up the vailue of one hundred 
and ten pounds Money to each of them." 

After Hie death of Mr. Treat, she is said to have married Skinner. 

A Mr. Treat officiated at Dunstable, now Nasbmi, X. II., in 171.'). who was probably 
our Richard Treat. 1 give the church record just as 1 find it : 

"Nov. 2d. 171. : > it was voted for Lo desire Mr. Treat lo continue with us sum time longer, 
and to give him as before, which was 20 shillings a Sabbath. Also voted that Sargt. 
Cumings should be looking out for a minister in ordei for settlement " 

Mr.Treatgraduatcd at Yale 1719. and officiated for awhile, temporarily, at Stonington, 
Conn. In Oct , 1720, permission was granted 1>\ the General Com 1 ol'Connnecticut, to tlie in- 
habitants of the North society in Stonington, now North Stonington, to raise a tax to pay 
Rev. Mr. Treal for preaching fourteen weeks while with them. Slay 31, 172.1, he succeeded 
James Pierpont in the rectorship of the Hopkins grammar school in New Haven. He was 
probably ordained to the ministry i:i ) 724. He was the first settled minister of BrimiSeld, 
Mass., where a church was erected in 1722. At his settlement in 1 724, he was granted 
120 acres of land, and his full share in all future allotments of proprietors' lands. His 
salary was £85, which docs not seem to have been considered as large enough for bis sup- 
port, or to have been prompt'3 paid. These two things in addition to pool health, caused 
him much uneasiness, so that June ' s *, 1733, a committee was appointed by the town to 
look into the matter and again Sept. 13, the matter was brought under consideration. 
Dec. 31, 1733, it was voted by the town to give Mr. Treat £20 in addition to his salary. 
But the matter was not settled, and March 25, 1731, a council was voted to dismiss their 
minister. April 24, 17' .">, the inhabitants of the town concurred in the action of the coun- 
cil. When he removed, to Glastonbury in 1734, he sold his estate of about 300 acres for 
£800, and Jan. 23, 17 13, all his remaining right to one-seventieth of the township for £10. 

Of the results of ii r. Treat's ministry of nine years, nothing is now known, as tiic church 
records were destroyed by fire in 17-is. From Dec, 1734, till Juno, 1735, while living in 
Glastonbury, he preached to and taught the Indians in Middletown, but abandoned the 
work, as ihe society in Scotland for propagating christian knowledge paid him no regu- 
lar salary. In the fall of 1738, the Rev. Chiliab Brainard, who had been ordained minis- 
ter at Eastbury, an ecclesiastical society incorporated within the limits of Glastonbury, 
informally resigned his office, and Mr. Treat was hired by the committee to preach until the 
next annual meeting. After the death of .Air. Brainard. Jan. 1,1739, Mr. Treat preached 
till March, 1739, when Rev. Nohemiah Brainard was settled. After the settlement of Mr. 
Brainard, he preached there occasionally, till 171-?, and also in Middletown. In 1748, he 
wasin Sheffield, Mass. Jan. 29, 17.70-1. he petitioned Hie General Court of Massachusetts 
lor the grant of a small piece of land that he had entered upon and cultivated in the prov- 
ince lands just west of Sheffield. A survey and plan was made -March 20, 1750-1. April 
3, 1751, the plan was accepted and 200 acres of land was granted to Richard Treat and 
his three eldest sons, whose names unfortunately arc not given. His farm called the "Treat 


grant," was just west of the Sheffield boundary linn, and adjoining it. A plan of the land 
wilh :i house on it. may be seen in the Massachusetts archives. 

In 1.743, the town of Sheffield petitioned the General Court for n grant of land lying be- 
tween the west, line of the town and the ridge of the mountain. There is no record that 
this petition was granted, but probably it was, as this tract has always been considered 
a part of the town, and is very valuable. 

Mr. Treat was an itinerant preacher. In 1754, he and Mr. May preached four days 
.each hi Charlemout, Mass. A bill of Moses Rice was allowed June 2G, 1750 (175G*), 
(■.mounting to £4, 4s. for '.'keeping the ^ministers" Mr. Smith, Mr. Dickerson, Mr. May 
and Mr. Treat. In the history of Norfolk, Conn., it is stated that Dee. 20, 1758, an itin- 
erani clergyman, named Treat, preached the first sermon ever delivered in thai. town. In 
the margin of Hie copy i have, some one has marked with a pencil "not accurate." 

It, is not known when Mr. Treat died, but it is supposed that itwas about 1759, of small- 
pox, while on his way to Quebec as a soldier, perhaps as chaplain. This is a family 

In a deed to his mother Dorothy Treat, dated .May 0, 1738, he is described as of G las- 
tonbury. In 17;!'.', lie was in Eastbury, a parish ol Glastonbury. March 9, 1712 :i, ac- 
cording to a d I to .lames Mitchel, he was then at Middletown. May 27, L748, he gives 

a deed to'Sarah Treat, daughter of his brother Charles, wherein he describes himself as 
being then of Sheffield, Mass., ami was present on that occasion at Hartford to make ac- 
knowledgment. (See Glastonbury Books of land sales.) 

There is no record, so far as is known, of the children of Rev. Richard Trent, except 
the Briiufield record of the birth of Irs son Thomas. A grandson, Cornelius Treat, born 
in !76G, who wrote a little sketch ol himself and family, left on record that, his grand- 
father bad live sons and one daughter, — Richard, Timothy, Ashbcl, John, Thomas and 
Trudance, but furnished no other particulars. Have received the same information from 
other descendants, with the addition of anothei (laughter Mary, who according to one, 
married a Goodrich. The widow of Elijah 6 Treat, grandson of Rev. Richard Treat, used 
to give Mr. Treat's children in this manner: ''Richard, Tim, Tom, fru, Ashbel, Mary 
and little John," and I have placed them in this order. 

Children : 

25. lUciiAUD, 3 h. ; <!. ; in. March 13, 1755, Mary Hamlin. 

26. Timothy, b. about 17.".! ; it. April 24, 177(1; in. .March 13, 1735, Ruth Hamlin. 

27. Thomas, b. Oct. :'7, Kill'; cl. ; in. , Murgaret 

2S. J'KUi)i:.\cn, b. ; (1. about 1778; in. Keb. . : ., 1755, .Tsirvi.s Mndge. 

29. AsiiniiL, b. ; d. about 1780; in. , Dorcas Waterman. 

■M. Mary, b. . 

31. John, b. ; d. 1801 ; in. Oct. L'7, 177-1, Either Barber. 

18 Rev. Charles 1 Treat (Thomas, 3 Richard, 3 Richard 1 ), born Feb. 28, 1G95-96, 

in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died ; married Get. 12, 1 7 ^ 7 , Sakaii Gardineh, who died 

April 2, 1711, in her thirl y-lil'th year (gravestone Glastonbury), and daughter of John and 
Mary (King) Gardiner, third proprietor of Cardiner's Island, and grandson of Lion 1 Gardi- 
ner. Mr. Treat graduated at, Vale in 1722. He studied theology, and became a minister. 
A\>ril 25,1727,!i vole was taken at Glastonbury to call a minister, and Mr. Treat received 
tine v () fc out of thirty-seven east, lie abandoned the ministry soon after his marriage, ami de- 
voted himself to ngrieulture on the huge estate of ids wife. John Gardiner's will is dated 
Dee. 14, 1737; probated Aug. 1,17.38. It contains the following provisions. "Jtkm: I 



give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter, Sarah Trent, one hundred pounds in New 
England money, Item: I give unci bequeath to my grand dnnghler, Dorothy Trout, Die 
sum of one hundred and fifty pounds in New England money, to be paid hci by my ex- 
ecutors when she shall arrive to the ago of eighteen years or marriage which shall (irsthap- 
,pen. Item : 1 give and bequeatli to my grand daughter, Sarah Treat, one hundred and fifty 
pounds in New England money, to be paid her by my executors when she slml! arrive to 
th • age ol eighteen 3 ears or marriage which shall first happen. Ftk.m : I give and bequeath 
unto my grand son, Jonathan Treat, the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds, Now Eng- 
land money, In be paid him by my executors when he shall arrive at the age of twenty- 
one years." (See Gardiner Genealogy.) 

In 1728, Mr. Treat was a Representative from Glastonbury. In 1742, he was paid by 
the Glastonbury School Society for two months' service £1 2. The year of his death is not 
given in the, Yale Catalogue, but his name was first shored in 1757. Nor is his name 
printed in Italics to indicate that he was a minister. Mr; freat at one time resided at 
New London, Conn. According to the Land Records of that town (II : 92) he deeded 
land to Ivory Lucas, March 29, 1735. On the 19th of Oct., L736 (Land Records, 1 1 :157), 
John Jeffrey, of New London, deeded a tract of land to Charles Treate, of New London, 
"with a mantion house thereon," for £219. 
Children born in Glastonbury : 

32. Sarah, 5 b. Feb. 24, 1728-9; was olive 1748. A Sarah Treat d. Dec. 23, 17G1. 
U.'H. Dorothy, b. April 15, 17?.] ; fl. July 1!', 17S0; in. May 27, 1751, Samuel Goodrich. 
34. Jox.-.-ioan. b. Nov. 12, 1732; d. Nov. 1-', 1S10; in. Jan. 2;,, 1757, Ruth House. 
35. n. Nov. 27, 1739; alive 1730, 
3(3. Rachel, b. Sept, 25; 1743. 

10 Thomas 4 Treat (Thomas, 3 Richard," Richard 1 ), born May 3, 1C99, in Glaston- 
bury, Conn.; died Jan. 15, 17S0, in Glastonbury; married May 10, 1 726, Mary Jlor-sox, 
ol Colchester, Conn., born July 2, 1705, died Dee. 2-1, 17SG, in Glastonbury. Was a. 
fai mer. 

Children born in Glastonbury : 

37. Verio;, b b. May 20, 1727; cl. June M. 1S00; 111. Sept. 25, 1755, Fre clove -. 

38. John-, b. July 22, 172S; cl. May 13, 177S; 111. May 27, 1702, Mary Smith. 

39. Mart, b. Nov. 30, 1729. 

40. Dorothv, b. June 13, 1731. 

41. Saiiaii, b. Sept. 21, 1733. 

42., b. July 9, 1735; d. Sept 2S, 1741. 

45. Martha, b. Feb 5, 1730; (1. ; in. Oct. 21, L7G2, Ephraim llubbiol. 

44. Catiiauini:, b. ID, 17:'.-'; d. ; in. March, 1707, Xiinoiliy tOaston. 

45. Grace (Uvin), b. Sept. 15, L7J0; d. March 5. IS10; num. Will dated An-. 11, I811;prob. 
April 30, 1810. Legacy l<> her cousins Dyer" and Cliaunecy 6 Treat, sous of Dorotheus 5 

46. Gkrsuom (twin), b. Sept. 13, 1710; d. ; m. , Jane . 

17., b. Nov. 15,. 1742; d. Sept. 11, 1759, aged 10, in the army at Tlcondcroga. 

20 Isaac 1 Treat (Thomas, 3 Richard,- llicl ard x ), born Aug. 15, 1701, in Glaston- 
bury, Conn.; died Aug. 29, 17C3 (Glastonbury Church Records), or, Aug. 12, 1764, in 
bis 63d year (gravestone), which must be an error, as his estate was administered upon in 
17G3 : married Dec. 10, i 730, Hi 11 .< < \ his cousin, born Feb. 22. 1709, died Oct. 19, 
17S8, in her 83d (?) year (gravestone, Glastonbury), and daughter 01 dipt, Edward end 
Dorothy (LVcseott) Uulkley. The inventory of Ids estate is dated Sept. 27, 1703, and 


amounted to £333. 10s. 3d. Administration on thcestate was granted Sept. 30, 1703, to 
the widov Rebecca, and son Elisha Trent. (Hart. Prob. 10 : 85, 150.) 
Children born in Glastonbury : 

48. Thomas, 8 !). Nov. 23, 1731; bapt. Nov. 23, 1731; a. Sept. 30, 174-9, In his 18th year (<v. s ). 
Ay. Rehkcca, b. Dec. 13, 1733; bapt. Dee. 1G, 1733; d. Dec. 24, 17G8; m. Oct. 2, 1751, Joseph 

50. MaKY, I). May 10, 1736; bapt. May 16, 1736; d. ; m. Nov. 6, 17C0, Israel Smith. 

61. Elisiia, b. ; <i. ; in. May 2D, 17GG, Mary Wilcox. 

62. Samiv.i., 1). ; d. about 1790; m. April 2, 1705, Lydiii Stocking. 

S3. Lucy, b. about 17-13; d. Nov. 1:8, 1831 ; m. Nov. 18, 170G, Joseph Terry. 

54. Olive, b. about 174.". ; d. Oct. 8, 1749, in hei- 4th year (g. s.). 
56. Mabel, b. April, 1746; d. Oct. ( : , 174G, aged about 7 mos. (g. s.). 

22 Dorotlieus 4 Treat {Thomas? Richard? Richard}), born Aug. 28, 1704, in 

Glastonbury, Conn.;, died- , 1755; married ■ , 175-t, Widow Hannah (House) 

Benton. In the Bidwcl! Genealogy it is stated that Samuel Bidwell married between 1750 
and 17.30, Elizabeth Treat, or Widow Benton, as his second, wife. The name Elizabeth is 
an error for Hannah. Ii'aunahTlouse, daughter of William House, married Feb. 5, 1735- 
6, Josiah Benton. The inventory of his estate was taken June 17. 1755. and amounted 
to £7703. 4s. Sept. 4, 1755, Isaac Treat, brother, and widow Hannah Treat were ap- 
pointed executors of the will, and the latter guardian of her only son Dorotheus, aged 
about tight months. June 7, 1757, the will was produced in Court, and Isaac Treat, and 
Joseph Hollister were, appointed administrators. This was probably after the marriage of 
widow Hannah. March 14, 1709, Peter Treat, an uncle, was appointed guardian of Doi'- 
otheus Treat, jr., minor, under fourteen. 

Son born in Glastonbury : 

50. DoitOTHEUS, 6 b. Dec. 18,1754; bapt. Dec. 22, 17.14; d. Dec. 4, 1803; m. Feb. 24, 17. c ?, 
Mary Smith. 

2f> Sarah. 4 Treat (Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard 1 ), born Jan. 21, 1706-7, in Glas- 
tonbury, Conn.; died ; married March 13, 1728-9, Joseph Try on, jr., of Glaston- 

Daughter of Joseph and Sarah Tryon, born in Glastonbury : 
57. Sarah, 8 b. July 13, 1730; bapt. July 18, 1730. 

24 Mary 4 Treat. {Thomas-' Richard? Richard 1 ), bom Jan. 0, 1709-10, in Glaston- 
bury, Conn. ; died Feb. 12, 1734-5 (gravestone in Glastonbury) ; married Jan. 1, 1732-3, 
Joseph Stevens, born Aug. 15, 1711, and son of Rev. Timothy and Alice (Cook) Ste- 
vens, of Glastonbury. The name was sometimes spelled Stephens. For his second wife he. 
married Out. 14, 1730, Jerusha Stow, of Middletown, Conn., born Aug. 0, 1713, and 
daughter of Thomas and Martha (White) Stow. 

Son (>f Joseph and Mary Stevens, born in Glastonbury : 

58. Joseph, 8 b. Oct. 22, 1733. A Joseph Stevens, jr., d. Oct. 2G, 17G4. 



25 Richard 5 Treat ( Richard,* Thomas, 3 Richard* Richard 1 ), burn , in Con- 
necticut; died ; married March 18, 1755, Mahy Hamlin, born Feb. 25, 1735, anil 

daughter oT Cornelius ami Mary (Madge) Hamlin of Sharon, Conn. Mr, Treat was one of 
IhccarJy settlers of Sharon. Dec. 13, 1756, he purchased hall* of a house of Cornelias Ham- 
lin, and in 1 75S, being then of Albany, N. V., sold a portion of it. In 17G!, then of Spen- 
certown, N. Y.. where his father-in-law had r< moved temporarily, he gave a quitclaim de< d. 
About 176S, he removed to what is now Lebanon, N. Y.. and settled on land which was 
granted to Charles Goodrich ofPittsGold, Mass., in 1761. A long .strip of land along the 
western bonier of Massachusetts, now called Hancock, began to be settled about 1760, 
mostly by people from Connecticut, .lune 0. 1770, a petition was presented to the Gen- 
eral Court by Luke Vornaimuin and others, among whom was Richard Treat, who had 
made settlements in Berkshire Count}', in the great Hollow south of "VT illiamstown, ask- 
ing to be incorporated into a town. .July 2, ;77'i, it was incorporated under the name of 
Hancock, having been originally called Jericho. His nana' does not appear in a subse- 
quent petition in regard to this matter, A Richard Treat, perhaps his son, did sen ice 
in a Berkshire regiment in 1777 and 1781. After the death of Mr. Treat, the widow 
married again, and lived to a good old age in Williamstown, Mass. In 1787, the line 
between Massachusetts and New York was established, which cut off half a mile from the 
former state, thereby bringing th< Treat farm mostly in New York, the line running 
through the house. 

Children, the first two born in Sharon, the third in Spencertown, N. Y., the others in 
. There may have been others : 

5£>. NlCHAim,' b. March 14, 1757; d. April 19, 1S38; m. , 1779, Sarah Bishop. 

00, 1) >tiieos, b. Feb. 26, 1760; d. ; in. . 

61. Ash bel Woodbiuogic, b. Nov. 22, 1702; d. : m. . 

O'i. Ciiaiilottk, b. May 10, 1708; «l. June 7, 1810; in. Feb. 17, 1794, EpUralm Pearce. 

63. Mahy, b. ; d. ; m. Mnrcli 6, 17'.'4, Matthew numing. 

04. Anna, b. Sept. 13, 1773; d. Oct. 24, 1641 ; in. , John Goodrich. 

2G Timothy 5 Treat {Richard,* Thomas, 3 Richard* Richard*), bom about 1731 ; 
died April 2-1, 1 770, in his forty- fifth year ; married March 13, 1 755, liirru Hamlin, born Dec. 
2, J7oG, died. May 10, 1778, in Lenox, Mass., in her forty-third year, and daughter of Cor- 
nelius and Mary (Madge) Hamlin of Sharon, ( oim. Mr. Treat settled in Sharon as early as 
1755, and seems to have, moved away subsequent to 1761. In 1 7.7,7, from Sept. 15 to) >ec. 5, 
his name appears as a private in ('apt. Klisha Noble's company of Sheffield, Mass., in the 
French war. On .Vug. ,'i, 1761, lie was in Lenox, when the ear mark of his cattle, sheep 
and swine is described as a swallowtail or hollow crop, V, in the left ear. March 16, 
1770, he was chosen fence viewer of the town. During the Revolution his son Timothy 
was drafted, but being sickly, the father went as a substitute, and died of small-pox in 
Canada. He died intestate. Administration was granted May 4, 1781, to his son Tim- 
othy Treat. Guardianship was appointed for two sons Cornelius and Ebenczer, minors. 
Mr. Treat, was a member of the church in Lenox prior to 1 77 1 , and his wife was it member 
.Tune 28, 1772. The early church records of Sharon are lost, but opposite Mrs. Treat's 
name is "dismissed." 

< liildren, the first three born in Sharon, the fifth in Shellield, Mass., the sixlh in Lenox : 


65. Timot«y, 6 b. April 5, 1750: <!. ; m. M ircli SO, 177n, Benlah Strong. 

60. Thomas, b. Sept. 11, 1758; d. Oct. 10, 1832; m., 1st, about 1782, Jemima Calkins; 2d, 
Dec. 25, 1S1C, Mrs. Betsey (lilair) Boies. 

C7. Ruth, b. Jan. 8, 1761 ; 'I. ; unm. 

08. Mkhcy, 1i. ; (1. : in. Forsylhe. 

69. Cornelius, b. Oct. 30, 17(!G; d. Oct. 21, 1S17; m., 1st, June 28, 1787. Esther Park ; 2d, 

Dec, 179C, Mrs. Alcj Palmer. 

70. r.ui.M'.iO'.K, b. June 7, 1771 ; d. Sept. 3, 1852; m. Nov. 7, 1703, Hannah Park. 

27 Thomas 5 Treat (Ricliard* Thomas, 3 Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), horn Oct. 27, 1732, 

in Brimfield, Mass.; died ; married Makgaket . Lie resided for many 

years in Sheffield, Mass. In 1757, he served eight days in Capl. John Fellows' company, 
from Sheffield, at Fort Edward, for the relief of Fort Win. Henry. 

Children (there were perhaps others) lioni in Sheffield : 

72. Silvai 6 (dnn.),b. Nov. 10, 1700; d. . 

73. Annt., !>. May 7, L708; d. . 

74. Chaklks, b. April SO, 17G9; d. ; in. . 

75. Daniel, b. ; d. • m. . 

28 Prudence Treat (Richard,* TJiomas, 3 Richard;* Richard-), born ; 

died about 177s, of mortification, caused by taking cold in a finger from which she. had 
washed oil' a small portion of skin ; married Feb. 5, 1755. in Sharon, Conn., as his first 
wife, Jakvis Mudgh, born 1723, died 1810, in Wolcott, "Wayne Co., N. Y., and son of 
Ebenezer and Abigail (Skinner) Mudgeof Sharon, Conn. He was a millwright and farmer. 
In 17CI, he removed from Sharon lo Canaan, X. Y., where he was chosen postmaster in 
1783, and again in 1791. He owned the celebrated Lebanon Springs, N. Y., which he 
sold for $50 to Charles Goodrich in 1790. The pari of the town where he settled once 
belonged to Massachusetts, but in straightening the boundary, it fell to New York, and a 
new town was incorporated in 1M0. He afterwards removed to Wolcott, N. Y. For his 
second wife he married Lucy Hoot Sackett. (Sec Genealogy of the Mudge Family.) 

Mrs. Mudge was a woman of great courage. At one time (lining the Revolution she 
was in a fort with bet sick husband, and .surrounded by Indians. He loaded the guns, 
which she fired from the port holes, and shouted different names as if commanding a num- 
ber of men. The Indians finally retired leaving one of their number dead. 

Children of Jarvis and Prudence Mudge, the first four born in Sharon, the others in 
Canaan, now Lebanon : 

70. PitUMWCE, 8 b. Jan. 11, 175H; cl. -; m. — . David Darrow of Lebanon, lie was 

a farmer, and soldier of the Revolution. He, liis wife, and (bur children joined the 
Shakers, lie soon left lliein and went West. 

77. Rebecca, b. Jan, 1, 1 7 .'• 8 ; cl, March 19, 1804; m. , 'William Lawrence, n blacksmith. 

She joined the Shakers only six days before lief death. Had four children. 

78. Jaiiyis, 1). Oct. 1, 17C1 ; d. Nov. 29, 1842, at West Delhi, Carroll Co., Intl.; in. March 16, 

1766, Mary Gillett. Was u farmer and settled in New Marlboro, Mass. lie removed 
thence, to Walcott, N. Y.. and linally to West Delhi. Was a merchant, and justice of 
the peace. Had twelve children. 
■ 79. Child. 
80; Child. 

81. Solomon, b. 1762; d. ; in. .Abigail . Was a merchant. 

82. Ciu.ia.Ks, li. ; d. about 1813, In Uatavia, N. Y. ; m. , Advlia Holt, who d. at 

Palmyra, N. V. Was u trader, and had three children. 


.^3. Amos, b. Oct 12, 1770: a. June SO, 1 SIC, in Droadalbin, Kiillon Co., N. Y.; in May 9, 
17!).'.. Lucy Siickett.b. March 20, 177;".. in New Lebanon, N. Y., 0. May 29, 1831, in Sclio- 
. iiecLnily, X. V. Was : ( mason by trade, ami a soklic-r in the war of 1812. Was a cap- 

tain in a company of minute men. Had six children. 

84. Silas, b. ; d ; m., 1st, ; 2nd, 1S03, Mrs. Hannah Caldwell (Ojjdcn) 

Ward. lie was a trader. Unlisted in the war of 1M2; went toSackett's Harbor, N.Y., 
and never returned. Had three children. 

85. Abigail, b. Jan. Hi. 1778; d. (was alive in Albanj in IS05, in her 37th year): m. March 

27, 1708, Rev. Pelei Van Burcn of the Dutch Reformed church. Had ten children,— 
three of i hem triolets, b. Jan. 19, 1819. 

29 Asllbel 5 Treat (Richard, 4 Tltomas, 3 Richard," lilcliarcP), born , named 

after his uncle, probably, Rev. Ashbel Woodbridse, minister at Glastonhniy, Conn., from 

1 72-S— 1 758 ; died about 1780, in Lenox. Berkshire Comity ; married , Dorcas Watkr,- 

man, who iliod Monday, Aug. 8, 1804, in her seventy-sixtii year, in or near Auburn, X. Y. 
hi 1757, Mr. Treat served in the French war eight days, in Cant. John Fellows' company ; 
wenl to Foi t Edward foi the relief of Fort Win. Henry. In 1 TOO. he served in the same com- 
pany from May 7 to Nov. 18. The muster rolls of the French wars are very imperfect, 
and furnish very little information as to actual amount of service. He must have come 
to Lenox very early. The town was incorporated in 1 TOT. According to the records 
he was elected to the following oflices: constable, March 11. 1768; hog reeve, March 
23, 1709 ; warden, March 23, 1772 ; hog reeve and surveyor of highways, March "25, 177o ; 
school committee, March 21,1774. The names of Ashbel and Join. Treat, his brother, 
are appended to "the Covenant signed in Lenox, July 14, 1771," wherein the signers 
agreed that they would '-not import, purchase or consume any goods, wares, or manu- 
factures which shall arrive in America from Great Britain." lie died intestate, and ad 
ministration v/as granted Feb. 29, 17S0. He left a widow, Dorcas, and nine children, in- 
cluding Aaron and Amy, whose names do not appear in the town records. 

Children, bom in Lenox : 

80. Dorcas," b. Nov. ;•. 1756. 

87. Anne, b. Oct. 30, 1759; d. July 5, 177:'.. 

88. Ll-cinim. b. Dec. 21, 17G1. 

83. Ashbel, b. May 13, 176*; d. April II, 1st:'; in. ■, Sarah Bell. 

90. John, b. Oct. 1),, or 17G7, family record; d. Dec. '.), 1S13; m. . 

91. Isaac, b. May 15, 17Ga; d. ; in. . No issue. 

9S. MOSKS, b. March 14, 1771: d. ; m. . 

93. Maky, 1). March 11, 177.'!; d. 1 111. . 

04. Aakox, b. ; cl. ; in. , Betsej Monroe. 

05. Amy, n. ; d. D.-c. 17, 1S28; in. March L>, 1794, Dea. Philemon Wolcott. 

31 John 5 Treat (Richard, 4 Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born ; died 

• , 1801, in Coeymans, Albany Co., N. Y. ; married Oct. 27, 1774, Esther Bakrkii, of 

Norfolk, Conn. A1 the time of his marriage he resided in Lenox, .Mass. July 14, 177-1, 
he and his brother, Ashbel Treat, signed the "Covenant"' made ill Lenox, agreeing not to 
use any articles of British manufacture. lie was in Lenox in 1798, and subsequently re- 
moved to Coeymans with his family. 

Children born in L< uos : 

96. Esther,' b. July 2, 177.".: d about 1810, in Coeymans; m. , Mosmiui Avers, of Coey- 

nians. No issue. 


07. Ki.uu!, b. June 27. 1777; >.',. Pec. 25, 1851 ; in. Oct. 5, 1S02, Lois Ruth Mudge. 
OS. Jonx, b. ; d. ; in. , 1807, Charlotte Fornmn. 

33 Dorothy-"' Treat (Charles, 4 Thomas* Richard? Mellaril 1 ), born April 15,1731, 
in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Juh 19, 178G, in her year (gravestone, South Glas- 
tonbury) ; married May 27, 1751, Samuel 4 Goodrich, born June 15, 1720, died Oct. 25, 
1777, aged fifty (gravestone, South Glastonbury), and sun of Thomas and Hannah (Rey- 
nolds) Goodrich, of Glastonbury. In L75G, the town permitted him 'Ho build ;> saw mill 
on Roaring Brook, on hi? own laud near the Cranberry marsh." 

Children of Samuel and Dorothy Goodrich, bom in Glastonbury (they are of the fifth 
generation <tn the Goodrich lini ) : 

f>;>. JjA:.irr.. c b. Feb. S, 1752; d. Nov. IP, L773. 

100. Dobkity. »i. June 9, 1755; d. ; m. June 9, 1777, William Bidwell. 

30!. Bathsueha, b. Julj 21, 1757; <1. Pec. 22, 177C (g. s., South Glastonbury). 
10-2. Samukl, 1). Feb. 23, 17G0; d. March 27, 17GQ. 
]0?.. I'.i.iAMirn;, b. Sej)t SO, 17C1 ; d. . 

104. Racuki , b. Aug. 12, I7G-J-; d. . 

105. Adigaii,, b. Oct. 23, 17GS; '.1 . 

34 Jonathan 5 Treat (Charles 4 Thomas* Richard? Richard*), born Nov. 12, 
1 7 ."• 2 , in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Nov. 12, 1810, in Eastbnry Parish, Glastonbury; 
married Jan. 25, 1757, Roth Hot ee, daughter of John House, of East Glasfconbnry. In 
1 773, lie had permission from the town, '■ to build u saw mill on a stream in Ash Swamp, 
he getting liberty of the owner of the land." This was on SV.b Brook, a branch of 
Roaring Brook. Afterwards used as a carding mill. 

Children born in Glastonbury : 

100. Racuki,, b. April 11, 1758; d. . 

107. CiiAUt.ES, b. June 1, 1759: bapt. Juno 15, (700; d. April 5, lSSS; m , 1st, Nov. 23, 1780, 

Dorothy Fox; 2d, June 20 ; 1798, Mrs. Hannah (Felkm) Clark; 3d, Jan. 5, 1800, Mrs. 
Phcbe (Pellon) Uur'lburt. 

108. Jonathan, b. July G. 1702: d. Jan. 21, 1817; in., 1st, Feb. 19, 17S3, Chloo Fox; 2d, Nov. 

1 1, 1792, Katurali Weir. 

109. Isaac, b. Aug. 30, 17G5; d. 1781, in the service during the Revolution. Ilis death at 

Philadelphia heard of in Glastonbury, Nov. 27, 1781. 

37 Peter 5 Treat {Thomas,* Thomas* Richard* Richard*), bom May 20, 1727, 

in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died June 14, 18C0 ; married Si-pt . 2;">, 1755, Ereelove , who 

died March 4, 1778, in Glastonbury. He took the oath of fidelity in 1777, and was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war. 

Children born and baptized in Glastonbury: 

110. M.u:v, c b. ; bnpl May 1. 17G0;d. in infancy. 

111. Thomas, b. Sept. 4. 171.1 ; bapt. Sept. 12, 1702; d. Maroli 11, 1847; m., 1st, - — . — , Jerusha 
;2d, Nov. 3, 17:u , Rachel Welch. 

112. Smiaii, b. ; bapt. May G, 1701 ; d. Oct. 23, 177C. 

113. FmeicLOVE, b. — ■ ; bapt. June 29, 17';'!; d. . — 

114. Pencil, b. June in, 17G9; bapt. June 25, 1700 ; 0. Jan. 11, 1850; in., 1st, —, Lytlia ; 

• 115. DOIIOTIIY, b. ; bapt. July 28, 1771 ; (1. Feb. 9, '.809; in. John Abby. 

11C, Ann. b. -; bapt. Jan. lm. 1775; d. Jan. 23, 1778. 

117. MaKY, b. ; bapt. ; <[ Aug. 2, 1779, 

118. Hannah, b. ; bapt. j d. Nov. 13, 1818; m. Jan. 10, 1788, John Kelsey, of Ber- 

lin, < 'onn. 


38 John" Treat (Thomas, 4 Thomas* Richard* Richard 1 ), born July 22, 1728, in 
Glastonbury, Conn. ; died May 13, 1778, in captivity in New York; married -May 27, 
1762, Maky Smith, who was living in 1816. He enlisted April 29, 1777, witli( apt. Caleb 
Bull, in Col. Samuel B. Webb's Conn. Reg't, and was taken prisoner Dec. 10, 1777. He 
died March 2, 1778, in captivity, according to the information contained in the Pension 
Department at Washington, though according to the Glastonbury chinch records, he died 
May 13, 1778. 

Children born and baptized in Glastonbury: 

110.,* b. ; bapt. Aug. 22, 17C2; d. , 1802; in. .Inn-- 2, 17S8, Rachel Abbe. 

ISO. Elizabeth, 1). ; bapt. May 20/17G-! : d. Dec. 12, I81C, aged 53. In her will, dated 

Dec. 10, 181G; probated Sept. -I 1817, slie mentions her mother, to whom slfc leaves her 
-wearing apparel, her brother John, and the heirs of her deceased brother Charles, to 
• whom she leaves property. 

121. Mary, b. ; bapt. Dee. 8, 17G5; dead 181G. 

122. Martha, b. ; bapt. June 17. 17(18; d. March 21. 177-1. 

123. Hum, b — ; bapt. Nov. 10, 1760 j A. March 23. 177-1. 

121. John, b. ; bapt. Feb. 5, 1775; alive 181G. 

44 Catharine"' Treat (Thomas, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard*), born Sept. 1G, 

1 7 S 8 , in Glastonbury, Conn.; died , in Glastonbury; married March — 1707, as 

his second wife, Timothy Easton, of Hartford, who died Oct. 5, 1811, in Glastonbury, 
w here he resided. For his first wife lie married March, 1753, Hannah Benton, of Glas- 
tonbury, daughter of Ephraim Benton. She died July '.>, 1765, in her thirty-second year, 

having had one son and three daughters. He afterwards married , Thankful , 

whodie.l in Glastonbury, Dee. 1, 1811, in her si\!y fourth year. It is slated in the Hollisler 
genealogy (p. 92), that Timothy Easton married, after 17G3, Mrs. Katharine ( ) li. fi- 
bster, widow of Robert Hollister, and that Thomas Treat was appointed guardian, March 
15, 1769, of their daughter Mabel 6 Hollister, born Oct. 3, 1762. 

Children of Timothy and Catharine I'.aston, born in Glastonbury: 
125. Ephraim,* b, Feb. 6, 17G8. 
12G. liltUE, b. Feb. 23, 1770. 

46 Ger shorn" Treat (Tliomas? Thomas? Richard? Ricliard*), born Sept. 15, 

1740, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died , in Conn. ; m. , Jane, — who died 

March 17, 1830, in Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio, lie was a Revolutionary soldier. En- 
listed April 21, 1777, in the company of ('apt. Vine Elderkin, of Windham, Conn., in the 
■ Eeg't of Col. Heman Swift. Was at the battle of Germautowu, Venn., Oct. -1, 1777. 
Was discharged dan. 8, 177^. 

Children born and baptized in Glastonbury: 

127. Diana,* b. ; bapt. July 20, 1775; d. Nov. II, 1821 ; m. Feb. 24, 179G, Justus Blinn, 

jr., who d, July IG, 184G. No issue, lie m., 2d, Feb. 24, 1822, Malinda Stewart. 

128. Sarah, b. ; bapt. April 20, 1778; d. . 

129. Levi, 1) ; bapt. Aug 2, 1782; d. . 

130. Amos IIai.i, b. Feb. 15, 178G; bapt. Feb. 28, 178fi; d. Jan. 22, 1879; in. Feb. 21, 1811, 
Jane Stewart. 

49 Itebacca 11 Treat (Tsaac? Thomas? RicJiard? Richard*), bom Dec. 13, 1733, 
in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Dee. 24, 1708 (gravestone, Glastonbury) ; married Oct. 2, 
1751, as his first wife, Joski*h s IIoixistku, born Sept. 5, 1732, died May 3, 1703, and son 
of Joseph 4 ami Mary (White) Hollister. lie married, second, March 8, 1770, Anna Hand- 


ford, who died Oct. 2G, ITS-!, in her fifty-fifth year ; third, Fob. 14, 1785, Bethiali Steel, who 
sun-ived him and married Oct. 17, 1790, Hemy Dayton. (See [Iollister Genealogy.) 
Children of Joseph and Uebeeea Uollister, born in Glastonbury: 

13). Joseph. 6 b. Aug. 2G, 1752; d. Air.;. 21, 1348; m. .Nov. 18, 1777, ov 1778, Patience' Holl'iKtor. 
dan. of Nathaniel 3 and Mehitable (Mattison) Hollistcr. Was a sergeant in the llevo- 
lntionai*} army, ai\d assisted in the capture of a British sloop. 

132. Ann, b. Dec. 22, 17i>4; d. ; in. Oct. 5, 17; 7 , William Stevens. 

133. Rhukkaii, b. April 15, 1757 ; d. Xov. 7, 17S0 ; m. . Charles Hale. 

Kit. Maiiy, b. March 28, 1700; d. about 1844; in., 1st, Capt. William' Goodrich, as his second 

wife; 2d, Darrow, of Bristol, Vt. 

135. William, b. Jan. 15, 1703; <!. ; m. Fob. 21, 1790, Rachel Ilolden. 

]30. Isaac, b. Jan. S, 17GG; d. July8,185G; in. .Abigail Savage, 01 Middletown, 


137. Jehiel, b. Pec. 8, 17G8; d. about 1858; in. , Delight Williams. 

50 Mary 5 Treat ( Isaac, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard*) , horn May 1G, 1 TUG, in G las- 

tonbury, Conn. ; died — ■ in Glastonbury; married Nov. (i, 17G0, Israel Smith, who 

died July 17, 1780. 

Children of Israel and Mary Smith, born in Glastonbury: 

138. aiANOAii, 6 b. ■ ; bapl Oct. 18, 17G1 ; d. . 

139. Ehexezkr, b. ; bapt. March 4, 17G4; d. Oct. 1, 182G, aged G2, (g. s.) ; in. , 

Betsey Risley. 

140. Makv, b. . 17GG; bapt. ; rt. Feb. 24, ISO", in her 41st year; m. Feb. 24, 17R9, 

Oorotlieus* Treat. (Sec 50.) 

r4J. Isiuki,, !,. ; bapt.' ; d. Sept. 4, 1770, blown up in a powder- mill at F.as1 Hart- 

142. Dyer, b. ; bapt. March 24, 1771 ; fl. Aug. 24, 1775. 

51 Elisha 5 Treat (Isaac, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard!), born , in Glaston- 
bury, Conn.; died ; married May 29, 17G6, Mary Wilcox j of Middletown, Conn., 

born Jan. 27, 1730—7, died May 21, 1818, aired eiuhty-one, in Middletown, and daughter 
of Jeremiah and Mary (Shaw) Wilcox. He resided in Glastonbury and, in 17G9, was 
granted liberty "to build a lined mill on Roaring Brook on his own hmd." 

Children born and baptized in Glastonbury: 
143. MAKY, c b. about 1707; bapt. Feb. 22, 1707; il. March 17, 1832, aged 01; m. May 28, I78S, 
Jedediab Smith. 

144, Rebecca, r 1 d. . 

145. Rachel, , Uvias < b ' ■ 1770 ' , ' i "' t ' J "'- v l ' 17 ' 0; ! d. Oct. 8, 177:'. 

14G. Rlisiia, b. Aug. 27. 1772; bapl Sept. G, 1772: d Jan. 19, 1852; in., 1st, April 5, 1801, 
Lydia Hart; 2d, April:'.. 1S1G, Betsey Ivirby. 
117. Rachel, b. , 1775; bapt. Feb. 5, 1775; d. ; m. Jan. 23, 1800, John Gould. 

52 Capt. Samuel 5 Treat (Isaac, 4 Thomas 3 Richard? Richard*), born , in 

Glastonbury, Conn. ; died aboul 1790; married April 2, 17G5, Lydia Stocking, of Mid- 
dletown, Conn. Was a sea captain and sailed on his last voy age about 1790 for the 
West Indies, where he was lost. 

Children born and baptized in Glastonbury: 

148. Patience, b. ; bapt. Sept. 1, 1705; d. Jan. 1, 1817, 52d year, g. s., South Glas- 


149. Isaac, b. ; bapt. Oct 19, 1700; d. Aug. 23, 1777, blown up in a powder mill at 

Glastonbury. Six persons were killed. 

150. Samuel, b. ; bapt. Feb. 19, 17G9; d Nov. 28, 1770. 


151. Mabkl, b. ; bapt. Nov. •!. 1770; d ; m. June 10, 1701, Simeon Duuiels. 

153. J: .> x. b. ; bapt. Maivli 20, 177:.: d. Dec. 20, 1777. 

lot. Ml;l!( v. b. ; bapt. .Inn. 5, 1. 77; d. Dee. 31, J777. 

155. Mujicv, b. Apvil 19, 1773; bapt. May 2, 1779; tl. April i, 1S71 ; m. Sept. 23, ISM, Horace 

]. r ,C Olive b. ; bapt. June 10, 1781 • tl. -. 

157. Hoxanna, b. July, 17'-';'., bapt. Aug. 10, 178:); d. April 30, IS45; m. May—, 1813, Ash- 
bel Terry. 

158. Isaac, b. ; bapt. March S, 178C; A. Oct. 7, 17SG. 

159. Su as, b. about 17S7; tl. June 20, 185S, aged 72, at Glastonbury ; unm. 

53 Lucy 5 Treat (Zsnac, 4 TliomasJ Ulchard,- Richard 1 ), born about. 17-13, in 
Glastonbury. Conn. ; tlicfl Nov. 28, 1831, in Enfield, Conn. ; married Xov. 18, 1 76G, Joseph 
Tkuht, born May 7, 1732, died April 23, 1809, in Enfield, and son of Jacob and Wary 
(Pease) Terry, of Enfield. Was a fanner. (See Terry Genealogy.) 

Children of Joseph and L11C3 Terry, born in En Held : 

100, joSErn.'b. Sept. II, 1707; d. Feb. 12, 1*11, in Enfield; unm. 

101. Lucy, b. Oct. 2-i, 1709; tl. Dec. 9, 18-19; m. Jan. 20, 1797, ns his second wife, Capt. Sol- 

omon Allen, b. Sept. 10, 1813, and son of Ebeuezer and Rebecca Allen. Was a farmer 
and captain in the militia. 

1G2. Cynthia, b. Feb. 1, 1772; <l. May 29, 18G4; m. , 1790, Eli Pease, of Enfield, b Oct. 

17, 1771'; d. Sept. 2, 1S-L5. Was a tanner. 

103. Muni.. I). Feb. 10, 1777; fl. Feb. 17. 1777. 

104. Mabkl, b. March 11, 177*; d. April iS, 1S33; 111. Jan. 19, 1813, Samuel Alien, son 

of Ranmel and Mary(ICir.gsbury)StUlmah. Was a farmer in Eulield. 

1G5. Hkbkcca, b. Dee. 9, 1780 ; d. ; 111. Dec. 2-1, 1S01, Jabcz King. He was a plow man- 
ufacturer in Enfield. 

1GG. Danh-x, b. June It;, 1783; tl. April 3, 1842, in Enfield; 111. Oct. 10. 1S1G, Mary Pease Parsons, 
b. in 1787; d. Oct. 31, 1SC1, in Sutton. Mass. Was a farmer in Enfield. 

107. Gaius, b. Aug. l<i, 1185; d. Sept. 3, 1821; unm. Was a former. 

56 Dorotheas 5 Treat {Dorotheus^ Thomas, 3 Richard* j;;cl,<,nP), bom Dec. 18, 
1754. in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Dec. 4, 1803 (gravestone, South Glastonbury) ; married 
Feb. 24,1789. Mauy Smith, died Feb. 24, 1807, forty-first year (gravestone. South Glaston- 
bury), and daughter of Israel Smith, who married Mary 5 Treat, daughter of Isaac 4 and 
Rebecca (Bulldey) Treat. (Sec 50). Was a farmer. 
Children born in Glastonbury ; 
108. Dybii ' b. April 20, 17:11 ; bapt. June 2G, 1791 ; tl. April 1 I, 1830; in. April 11.1S09, Rachel 

160. Cn.voNOEY, b. July 17, 1795;d.Nov. 16, 18t0;m. 1st, May 11, 1815, Sophia Chapman; 2d, 
Feb. 10, 1817, Lucy Chapman. 



5f! Richard 11 Treat (Richard, 5 Richard* Thumas3 Richard* Richard''), born 
]\rarc!i 14, 1757, in Sharon, Conn ;died April 19, 1838, aged cighl)--one,in Lebanon Springs, 

N. Y. ; married . 1779, Sarah Bishop, who died Jan. 5, 1832, aged seventy- five, al the 

Shaker ConnnnniLy, Lebanon Springs. Mr. Treat i>u L north a "T< sliinony" in defence of the 
Shaker doctrines, dated New Lebanon, July 25, 1826. This was published wilh other 
"Testimonies concerning the character and ininistiy of Mother Ann Lee, Albany 1827," by 
Sclh Y.Weils. From pages 38-4 G we lean; that he was born in Sharon, Conn., and that when 
about eleven ypars old his lather removed to New Lebanon, X. Y. In 1779, he married. 
In June of that year a revival broke cut. lie was convicted of sin, and greatly distressed 
in mind for fear that he had committed the unpardonable sin, and coald not therefore be re- 
claimed. In the spring of 1780, he heard of a strange people living in the wilderness, 
about seven miles northwest, of Albany. With a companion he set out on foot to visit 
them. The road was very muddy, and they wen' unacquainted with the way. Arriving 
at their destination late i'i the evening, wel and covered with mud, they were kindly re- 
ceived, their feet were washed, and their clothing dried by order of Mother Ann. Such kind- 
ness won his heart, and after much conversation with them he became convinced that he 
could not have sinned against the Holy Ghost, as he had never yet known Him. After a 
few days, he vent hack to his home, but soon returned with his wife, and took up his abode 
with the Shakers. Many others converted in the revival, embraced the same views. They 
sold their lands and had all tilings in common. Mother Ann Lee, the founder of this sect 
was born in Manchester, Eng., in 173G, and came to America in 1774, settling in Waiervlit 
near Albany, X. Y., where she died in 1 78 1 . A society u as soon organized at New Leba- 
non, and a meeting house creeled in 1784. There Richard Trent, resided during his life, 
lie had one son, Tkujtak 7 Treat, who died Feb. 1l', 1813, aged about thirty-three years. 
By a letter from an aged brother, Alonzo Giles 6 i I oi lister (Hollister Genealogy, p. 272), lam 
informed that nothing is known about Mr. Treat's parents except that his mother's name was 
Mudge before marriage, — but herein he mistakes, that being the name of his grandmother, 
for his mother's name was Mary Hamlin, — and that they were, both opposed to his faith. The 
dwelling house in which Mr. Treat resided, and in which many of the Society's records and 
many valuable MSS. were, kept, was destroyed by lire in 1875. The writer further says: 
"Richard was esteemed both for his virtues .and for his agreeableness as a companion. 
But he passed to the viewless shore, before I came to these parts, forty-seven years ago. 
But 1 often hear his name mentioned in conned ion with some clever expression. I wish we 
had an army of Richard Treats, who fell the need to-day of following Christ's example, 
and had the courage and resolution to do so. He was enthroned on earth, and I believe is 
throned still higher in Heaven." 

A Richard Treat, probably the above, or his father, was in Capt. Stephen Smith's Co., 
Col. Benj. Simonds' Reg't, from July 1-31, 1777, also from Aug. 14-20, seven days, and 
again Sept. 4-30, the same year, probably called out upon alarms; was a corporal in Capt. 
Peter Porter's Co., in General Fellows' Brigade of Berkshire County militia, from July 1 
to Oct. 31, 1778, four months, when he did duty at Albany, and was also under General 
Stark. His company was discharged at the latter date. He was also in Capt. Samuel 
Clark's Co., Colonel Powell's Reg't of Berkshire militia, from July 22 to Aug. 26, 1779. lie 
does not mention this circumstance in the little biography of himself which he published in 


his "Testimony." It is but natural that ho should say nothing aboul his Connor service in 
the army, as war unci bloodshed were abhorrent to the principles which he had now adopted. 
Mr. Treat's wife had two sisters, and two brothers, Job and Kbciu zer Bishop. Job was 
a propiiri, and became first elder, with the title or Father, in the Society at Canterbury 
and Enfic'd, N. !I. Ebenezer was first in the ministry :it Lebanon, N. Y., for over twenty- 
five years. The Shakers also kindly sent me copies of many hymns composed by Mr. Treat. 
Cxtracts from some of them are given below, which show that by nature he was a poet of 
no mean order, though lack of education lias prevented them from having that polish and 
Oneness of expression which are to be found in great poets. 


I. I. 

Leap a'ul shout ye Ih ing building ! Now this beastly w oik is over, 

Christ lias in His glovy come. Heaven shows a plan: 

Cast your eyes on Mothers children, God the Father, Grout Jehovah 

Sec what glory fills the room: Takes His Judgment-seal in man. 

Full of glory, all in motion, Al tins seat so much derided, 

Skipping like the lambs in May, K\ ery soul must yel appear, 

Dancing in their sweel devotion, And their case must be. decided, 

How t lie blessed virgins play! Ami their deeds be opened here. 

Once ii, was our best devotion Tho' the Father judges no man, 

In our guilt to weep and pray But commits ii to the Son, 

To onr Father, while our notion He revealed it to the woman 

Fixed Him far above the sky. When by marriage thej were one; 

There \vi strove to stretch our senses, She conveyed it to herchi'dren. 

When we tried to sing or pray; Whom sin has made fi-inces here, 

Now our Father and our Mother And tin kingdom they are building 

Both are with its day by day. Breaching judgment Car and near. 

What did till ns with such meanness, This is glory undivided, 

We could never comprehend, This is judgment that will stand, 

Still confessing onr nnclear.ncss, Here all things can be decided 

Now the myslerv 's a! an end. Man in God, ami God in man. 

Twas onr lust, the beast wo followed. Man His image, and Ills glory, 

Saving who is like to him? And the woman in herplaee; 

In 'his filthy works we wallowed. This completes the Apostle's story, 

And our Heaven was a dream. God in all in every plaee. 

Now the sanctuary's cleansed, 
And the host is purified, 
•Tis by heavenly hosts defended, 
And by lire it luis been trh d. 
Righteous God! w. K i vc Thee glory; 
Thou in Truth hast judged the whole; 
Alleluia, we'll adore Thee 
With our sonus forever more. 





In (lie Lamb's lirsl revelation, 
Tho" He sou-lit from east to west, 
Ho could find no habitation 
Ko abiding place of resl . 
Father of the New Creation, 
Once on eai-tli He suffered pain. 
Kow He comes to take possession, 
Now tli«' beast has closed lii- reign 


Children of the resurrection, 
Virgins whose souls with Christ arose, 
Under His l)i\ !no protection 
Follow Him where'er He goes; 
Moving in their ranks before us, 
Things immortal they discern, 
These can join the heavenly chorus, 
None but such the song can learn. 

Thou righteous Holj Spirit, 
He that gave creation birth, 
Shall He nol His right inherit? 
Shall He not possess the earth? 
Now He's come to reign forever, 
Now lie has the kingdom won! 
On Mount Zior. stands the Savioui 
There the gathering is begun. 

First of all the New Creation, 
Fruit of Cod's eternal plan. 
Here He finds a habitation, 
Here He can converse with man : 
On their fae.e His name's engravci 
In their mouth is found no guile ; 
These from evcrv lust, are saved, 
These do nol themselves defile. 


On ibis Mount His throne is fixed 
Elders sealed all around. 
Living souls with Angels mixed, 
Join Iheir harps in solemn sound. 
Now t:)ey sing complete redemption, 
Hark! the joyful song is new : 
Mortals cease i our -\ ain contention, 
Let the heavenly music through. 

Like the sound of many waters, 
Sacred truth begins to flow, 
Adam's guilty sons and daughters 
How they're tossing to and fro! 
Nature's pained to iiei ci litre, 
Teeming with the second birth; 
Everlasting Gospel enter, 
Chase the dragon from tho earth. 


Voice of truth, roar on like thunder! 

O ye forked lightnings, play ! 

Kend the veil of flesh asunder! 

Leave the world in open day! 

Alleluia! Alleluia!! 

Let the devil's kingdom fall! 

Alleluia! Alleluia!! 

Christ shall soon be l II in all. 

60 Dorotheus" Treat, (Richard, 5 Richard,* Thomas,- Richard* Richard 1 ), Loin 

Fell. '25. 17G0, in Sharon, Conn. ; died , in ; married - , who died , 

1831, of cancer in the breast. Mr. Treat served in the Revolutionary war and received a 
pension. He enlisted at New Lebanon, N. Y., for one year, in Captain Rowley's Co., in the 
New York or Massachusetts Reg't of Colonel Rossiter, in March or April, 17"/ 7, and was 
discharged al .Fort Miller. The reason assigned by him for not knowing to which stale 
his regiment belonged, was because the division line between the two stales ran through 
his father's house and farm. According to the Massachusetts Muster Rolls, he served in 
Capt. Aaron Kowiig's Co., Col. John Ashley's Berkshire County Reg't from July 3 to 
Aug. 13, 1777; in Capt. Stephen Smith's Co., Col. Benjamin Simonds' Reg'1 from Sept. 
4-30, 1777; in ('apt. [suae Marsh's Co., Col. Sears' Berkshire County Reg't from July 18 
to Nov. 2, 1781, In 177;;. he again enlisted with Captain Lusk, in the Now York or Massa- 
chusetts Rpg'l of Colonel Lusk, Cor sis or nine months, and also served a term of tl nee moid lis 
with Captain Smith in Colonel Lusk's Reg't. In 1780, he enlisted for the war with Captain 
King, in Colonel Warner's Reg't. lie was discharged in March or April, 1783, at West 

52 hjcjiakd treat: sixth gekkration. 

Point. In January, 18-29, he resided al Richland, Oswego County, New York. In February 
1831, he was al Oswego, New York, living alternately with his children. His name on 
the army rolls appears as Theaus, Thoos, Theodore, and sometimes correctly, as Doro- 
thea Treat. In the printed lisl of Revolutionary soldiers, in the New York archives, he 
is called Fens Treat, probably a clerical error, and was a private in Colonel Van Rens- 
selaer's Reg'1 under Captain King. Have been unable to find any trace of his family. 

61 Ashbel Woodbridge Treat (Richard,* Richard,' 1 Thomas, 3 Richard* 

Richard 1 ), born Nov. 22, 1702, in Spencertown, X. Y. ; died in ; married 

. He received a pension for services* during the Revolutionary war. He volunteered 

:ir New Lebanon, N. Y., for six months, in May. 1778, in Captain Noble's Co., Colonel 
Vroomau's Reg'1 and was sent to occupy the two foils at Schoharie, N. Y. In May, 1780, 
he was .. substitute for Thomas Treat, his cousin, probably, in Captain Bostwick's Co., 
which joined Colonel Livingston's iu-'t at Peekskill, N. Y., and rendered short periods 
of service at Dobb's Ferry, Stony Point, on North river, and al Albany, after which 
he was ordered with his regiment to Fort Edward, ; thence ho went, with his company 
to a Block House at L'almertown, where he was soon discharged after 5J months service. 
In the fall of 1781, he was called out twice on alarms to go from New Lebanon to 
Lewis Heights, now Saratoga, and to Schenectady and Schoharie, under Captain King, 
for a few days each time. According to the New York archives he was a lifer in Colonel 
Graham's Reg't, under Captain Bostwiclc. He lived at various tunes in Granville, Wash- 
ington Co.; Anrelius, Cayuga Co. ; and Henrietta, Monroe Co., all in New York. In 
1828, he resided in Brutus, Cayuga Co., and in 1832, in Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., and 
in 1848, in Arcndia,Wyomiug Co., New York. Letters written by him are mainly dated at 
East Otto, Cattaraugus Co., but one of October, 1S47, was dated at Centreville, Allegany 
Co., N. Y. lie was a farmer. 

Children : 

170. David,' b. ; 0. . 

171. Johx, 1). ; (1. . Thlnls he may be the John Treat who ra. , Harriet Monson 

of Centreville. The family is -aid to have moved to Michigan. (See Lclaud Genealogy, 
p. 920 They had: 

1. Mary E. Treat 8 , b. , 1839. 

2. George II. Treat, b. , 1812. 

172. Goituox, b. ; d. . 

17?.. William, b. ; il. . 

IV). Lauisa, b ; d. : in , Parmelo. lias a son, William 1'arniele, who resides 

in Chetopha, Labette Co., Kansas. Can got no information from him. 
175, Henk-v, I). July 1G, 17M; a. Aug. 20, Id J'J ; m. Nov. 10, 1828, Maria Baldwin. 

64 Anna' 1 Trent (Richard." Richard,'* Thomas, 3 Richard , a Richard 1 ), Lorn Sept. 
13, 1773, in Lebanon, N. Y. ; dad Oct. 24, 1841, in Moravia, Cayuga Co., N. Y. ; mar- 
ried , as his second wife, -Iohs 5 Goodihch. of Lebanon, born Dec. 2(i, 1 7 r» .-"> , ami 

eon of Elijah and Margaret (Gillett) Goodrich. There is in existence nn old family deed 
of a ten-acre lot signed by John Goodrich, and his wife with an N. given in 1824, in the 
town of Hancock, Mass. For his first wife he married .May ."), 1 7 7 ."> , Susan Hamblin. No 
issue by this marriage. (See Goodrich Genealogy.) 

Children of John and Anna Goodrich, born in Lebanon (they arc of the sixth gener- 
ation in the Goodrich line) : 

176. Calvin, 7 b. Feu. 2, 1800; d. March 28, 1-S74. ; in. July 1, 1821, Sally Brigdeu. Had four 


177. IiiTY, !•■ April 20, 1802; d. May li), 1881 ; m. 1 Vl>. 20, 1S22, Thomas Brigdon. Had nine 



178. Jxremiaii, b. Jan. 4, 180-1; il. Oct. 24, !sn ; m., 1st, April 1, 1826, Sophrontn Melandy; 

2d, Oct. 2, 1836, Rebecca Huntley. Resided in Lockport, 111. Had eight children. 
170. Jacob L., I). .Inly 8, 180G; d. Sept. 18, 18(13; m., 1st.. June 28, 182G, Alinlra Nash; 2d, 

, Mary ,1. Johnson. Had two children. 

65 Timothy" Treat (Timothy, 5 Richard,* Thomas? Richard* Richard^), horn 

April 5. ]7.">ii, in Sharon, Conn.; died , in Horner, Cortland Co., N.Y. ; married 

March 30, 1779, Beulah Stuokg, who was bora July 24, 17.09, -and daughter of Ozias 
and Susannah (West) Strong, of Lenox. Mass. In his youth he seems to have been of 
a delicate constitution, for having been drafted into the army al the breaking out of Ihe 
Revolution, his father, thinking thai he could better endure the hardships of n soldier's 
life, was accepted as a substitute for the son, ami went to Canada with his regiment where 
he was taken sick with the small-pox, and died April 24, 1776. According to the muster 
rolls he served from July 22 to Aug. 13, 1777 — twenty-one days — in Col. John Ashley's 
Berkshire Keg't; in Capt. Oliver Sekling's Co., Maj. Caleb Hyde's detachment, from 
<lnl\ 8 to July 26, 1778; in Capt. Charles Dibbel's Co., eleven days, Oct. 21, 1780 ; was 
corpora] in Capt. Isaac Marsh's Co., Colonel Sears' Reg't, at Fori Plain, under Brigadier 
General Stark, from July 13 to Nov. 2, 1781. lie probahly rendered oilier services, 
but we have, no account of them, as the rolls are very imperfect. At a town meeting 
held iii West Stockbridge, Mnss., April 1, 1793, he was appointed a committee to 
present a petition to Ha]. lists. What this petition was the records do not state. March 
3, 1794, and again March 9, 17'.>o, he was chosen highway surveyor, and March 2, 17l'7, 
was elected field driver. Be resided in Lenox and West Stockbridge, and removed to 
Homer, Cortland Co., N. Y., in 1799, or 1800. (See Strong genealogy.) 

Children, tin. first eight born in Lenox or West Stockbridge, the ninth in Homer: 

180. Amanda,' b. .March 30, 17S0; d. ; ra. June 8, 1800, .lames Km;. 

181. Skymouh, b. Pec. S, 1782; d. .lime 5, 1859; in. May 15, 1808, Phebe McCart'y. 

182. Abigail, b. April 15, irsf ; d. . 

1S3. Susanna, b. April 2o, 17S6; d. ; ra., 1st, May 28, 1S07, Zelak Walter; 2d, Feb., 

1814, Joseph Phelps. 

184. Francis, b. Maj 25, 1788; d. young. 

185. C.m.yin, 1). July 10, 1790; d. ; m. . Had a family. 

180. Lucia, b. Pec. 29, 17115; n. ; m. , Baylis. Had three children : 

1. Harriet 8 Baylis, b. . 

2. Josephine Baylis, b. . 

3. Eliza Baylis, b. . 

187. Eliza, b. March 24, 1799 ; d. ; in., , Prosser. Had two children : 

1. Timothy Treat 8 Prosser, b. . lie resides now near Chicago, III. 

2. Kda Prosser, b. . 

188. Laura, b. Feb. 23, 1801 ; d. ; in. , Milton Robinson. Had four children : 

1. Stonghton 8 Robinson, b. . 

2. Sophronia Robinson, b. . 

3. Marcus Robinson, b. . 

4. Lorinda Robinson, b. . 

66 Tllomas r ' Treat (Timothy 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard* Richard 1 ), born 
Sept. 11, 1758, in Sharon, Conn.; died Oct. 10, 1832, in Aurora, N. Y. ; married, first, 
about 1782, Jemima Cai.kiks, born Oct. 9, 1758, died June 11,1816; second, Dec. 25, 1816, 
Mrs. Bevmcy (Hi.aii:) Hoiks, of Aurora, born May 6, 1702, and widow of Joel Boies, of 
Rutland, Worcester Co., Mass., whom she married Oct. 18, 1781. lie was at the battle 
of Lexington, and served for about eighteen months, during the Revolution, lie died 



March 2D, 1809. Y\ liile living in Lenox, Berkshire Co., Mr. Treat enlisted in Sept. 1776, 
under < i |n:> i i I:-- I I n ' ir turcc months, j: ming C olonel Simons regiment a I \ ilentmc* 1: ill, 
near White Plains, where lie was employed in building n fort, which was already com- 
menced, and was then ordered to march in the night toTuckahoo, where the next morning 
th«' enemy were in sight. The next night, under cover of the darkness, he removed to 
White Plains, a distance of fifteen miles, arriving at daylight, and joined the main army 
under General Washington, which in two or three days, Oct. 28, 1776, had a battle with 
the British troops. The Americans were forced to retire from their intrenchments to an- 
other position on a hill, where a cannonading took place. In May, 1777, he joined a com- 
pany of minute men in Lenox, who were obligated to turn out on all alarms, and when 
Burgoyne continued to advance from Canada, lie went with his company to Hubbardton, 
Yt., where lie was in the battle .if .Inly 7, 1777, and a little later he was in Uw battle of 
Bennington, Aug. Hi. 1777. lie was again out under Captain Belding, in Colonel Brown's 
lleg't, which marched to Stillwater, and war stationed at 'lull's Mill where he re- 
mained until the surrender of Burgoync's army, Oct. 17, 1777. In May, 177s, he volun- 
teered for six months: with Captain Parker, to go to Springfield, and acted as guard to the 
Arseual at that place. ' While residing at Lee, he engaged in June, 1780, to serve six 
months at Peekskill, X. Y , in the company of Captain Mains, in Colonel Sprout's Reg't, 
and while stationed in that vicinity Major Andre was captured and executed as a 
spy. Aftci tin war he resided in Wiilsboro' (was there in 1793), now Champlain, Clin- 
ton Co , X. Y., and in Georgia, Franklin Co., Vt., from which town he removed to New 
Y'ork, and about 1812, to Aurora, Erie Co., X. Y. His widow was residing there in July 
1853, aged ninety years. 

Children, horn in New York and Vermont, by his first marriage: 
IS'.). Lym\x, 7 b. Ana;. 2, 1783; cl. March 27, 1785. 

190. Lyman, D. March 14. 1785; cl. ; in. . 

191. Timothy, b. March -'JO, 1780; cl. March 1, 1875; in., 1st, ; 2d. Jan., 1817, Lovisa 

1.92. Okkn, b. Oct. 15, 1787; cl. April 20, 18S2; in., lst.Xov., 1813, If ancy Thompson ; 2d, , 

183G, Maria Weeks. 
103. TitYimosA, b. Aug. 2, 1789; cl. June 10, 1815. 
194. Jemima, b. .lily 9, 1701 : d. , in Wales, Erie Co., N. Y. ; m. , John Holmes. 

Jvo issue. 

195. I/.iiox', b. June l, 1702,; d. Feb. 22, 1878; m., 1st, Feb. 22, 1822, Apphia Thompson; 2d, 

, Hnlclah Fields. 

196. Jons (twin), b. May 3, 1700; d. Jan. in. 18fi-l ; m. Juh 17, 1S23, Eunice Amidon. 
107. BbiSY (twin), b May .'1, 17!)C; d. June 21. 179G. 

19S. Ku/. Mil' ill, Ik April 1. 1708; d. Jan 27, 18-11 ; 111. Oct. 14. 1820. l-.aae How. 
100. Thomas, b. Feb. 10, 1802; cl March 12. 1804, at or near Lansing, Mich.; in. , Har- 
riet Siaflbrd, of Eric Co , N. V. No issue. 

09 Cornelius' Treat (Timothy? Richard * Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born 
Oct. 30, 1766, in Shcllicld, Mass.; died Oct. 21, 184-7, in Mendon, Monroe Co., X. V.; 
married, first. June _'.s, 17«7. Ksrm.i; Pakk. who died June 14, 1796, in Mendon; second, 
T) cc . _ 5 i7;)r, : Mrs. Ai.CY Palmeu, of Palmyra, X. Y.. who died May 25, 1848. By her 
first husband she had Iwoehildren, — George and Bridget Palmer. Mr. Trent wrote a history 
61' and an account of his family, which is now in the possession of his grandson, 
C. M. Treat, of Clinton, Wis., who has furnished me with extracts from it. Mr. Treat's 
fat he;. Timothy Treat, moved fr Shcllield to Lenox, .Mass., in 1768, when his son Cor- 
nelius was two vears old. Soon after the breaking out of the Revolution, he went into 


Um iiiniy as a substitute for Ms sou Timothy who had been drafted, :i n<l died soon aftei 
in Canada of the small- pox. In Nov., 1 77(i, young Cornelius wis "In mini mil" to a man 
by the name of James Richards, Cor the term of four years, or Hll he should arrive at :. 
proper age, — fourteen year's, — to choose his own guardian. LTe Lived with Mr. Richards 
the specified time, and had the advantages of school as per contract, which was eight 
weeks each year. This was all the educational advantage he ever had. When he arrived 
:i( the age of fourteen years, he chose Mr. Richards as his guardian, who engaged him to 
a man by the name of Asa Bement, on trial, to Irani the blacksmith's trade. Mr. Bemcnl 
being absent a great portion of the time, and liis wife being an inveterate scold, youn« 
Cornelius thought that the time of "trial" had better cease, so in the absence of Mr. 
Bement, he look leave of Mrs. Bement and the last of July, 1781, enlisted for three 
mouths in the American army, in the company of Capt. Isaac Marsh, and went into 
camp at Stockbridge, Mass. His oldest brother Timothy was sergeant in the same com- 
pany. Captain Marsh was ordered to march his command to Albany, N. Y., thence to 
Schenectady, Schoharie, and Fort Plaiu on the Mohawk river. Here a large force was col- 
lected under the command of Colonel Willed. An incident occurred here which will be re- 
lated in his ow □ words : 

'•1 here joined Capt. Woodward's company of Rangers and we marched to Ft. Schuy- 
ler, where Utica now stands, and from there we went, in a northwest direction in search of 
Indians. We had but sixty-two men rank and file, and one faithful Indian guide. After 
marching about twelve miles, we came to a place where Indian-, had encamped the nigh! 
before. ' 'the pilot told the captain that there were many Indians and we should all be 
killed if we pursued them. The captain called him a coward, and marched on the trail 
made in the brakes by the pursued. We had not proceeded more than two miles when 
coming to a ravine or hollow, down which the Indian.-, had proceeded, our pilot again re- 
monstrated with the captain of the danger in following then; further; but the captain, 
possessing more courage than wisdom, ordered a forward march, and we had not gone. 
more than forty or fifty rods when we were tired upon by the Indians lying in ambush on 
three sides of us. The' captain, lieutenant and ensign fell at the firsl lire; after firing a few 
rounds, a man by the nana of Parker said to me 'we are all alone.' I looked around but 
could see nothing but smoke and Indians. We then ran for our lives. Five of the red- 
skins followed us; we ran several miles and loaded our gnus as we ran, when Parker said 
to me 'let's give them .mother shot.' We wheeled and fired : two of the Indians fell and 
Parker also fell dead by my side. I made all speed possible to outrun them, the other 
three still ill pursuit and frequently tiring at me. 1 ran on until it was quite dark' or dusky, 
when running over a little hill and oui of their sk'.hi, 1 loaded my gun. and fortunately a 
large tree that had fallen and splil by falling bad formed a kind of trough on the under 
side, just large enough to admil my body. Into this 1 went feet foremost, with my gun 
well loaded, determined to sell my life as dearly as possible should 1 be discovered by my 
pursuers. In a short time thej came and stood upon the log not more than twenty feet 
from iih , conversed awhile in their language, and then return* d the way they came, to their 
tribe I suppose, and glad I was to know they were gone. I lay In thai situation all night, 
and the next morning started for (he Fort, which I reached the following morning about 
eight o'clock." 

Having by accident injured one of his lingers very badly, and the time of his enlist nient 
having expired, he applied to Colonel Willed, who gave him his discharge, lie arrived home 
the 29th day of October, 1781, the day before he was sixteen years old. Thus ended his 
first campaign. On the 10th of Feb., ! 782, lie again enlisted for three years, and remained 
in the army until the close of the war, having had many hairbreadth escapes. He re- 
ceived his final discharge from the army June o(>, 178!. 

From a search of the pension records and other documents, I am able to furnish the fol- 
lowing additional particulars in regard to his services in the Revolution. According to the 



Massachusetts Muster Polls, he served in Captain Belding's company, Col. John Brown's 
Reg't, flora Sept. 21 to Oct.' 14, 1777; was in Capt. Knos Talker's Co., Col. Jacob 
Gerrisb's Reg't, from July 3, 1778, to Jan. I, 1779 ; was in Capt. John Spoon's Co., Col. 
John Ashley's Reg't, from July 7 to July 2«, 1780, when he enlisted from the town of 
Lee, Mass., For six months. While residing in Lenox, Mass., lie served three months, 
from July -JO, 1781, in Capt. Isaac Marsh's Co., Colonel Rossiter's Reg't, which joined 
the command of Colonel Willett at Fort Plain on the Mohawk river. While there he vol- 
unteered with others, as a ranger, under Captain "Woodward, to perform scouting duty 
at Fort Rtauwix, now Rome, N. Y., and al Fort Herkimer. On one occasion, they wen 
ambushed by a party of Indians, and fifty-five of his comrades, out of sixty-nine men, 
together with Captain Woodward, were eithei killed or taken prisoners. After this event, he 
joined Ins company under Captain Marsh, at Fort Plain, where he remained till discharged, 
Oct. 3, 1781. lie enlisted Feb., 1782, while living in Lenox, for three years, in Captain 
Fox's Co., which marched to Peekskill, N. Y., to join the command of Col. Henry 
Jackson, of Mass., and was stationed al Nelson's and Verplank's Point, on the North 
river, until winter, when the regiment encamped at Snake Hill, back of Newburg, N. Y. 

When the regiment was disbanded, Mr. Treat was transferred to the ( ipany of Captain 

Ilolbrook, in the 4th Reg't, commanded by Colonel Jackson, which was stationed at West 
Point until October, when il was removed to Ameuia huts, near Peekskill. In November, 
Baron dc Steuben selected three regiments, in one of which was Mr. Treat, for the brigade 
which marched under the command of Colonel Jackson to New York, and occupied it when 
the British evacuated the place, Nov. 25, 1783. Mr. Treat remained here till some time in 
Feb., 1781, when lie was ordered to Y\ est Point, where the army was discharged with the 
exception of one regiment, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel l-Iall, in which regi- 
ment was embraced at its formation the company of Captain Mills, to which Mr. Treat was 
attached, and quartered on Constitution Island, where the magazine was located. Here he 
remained till his discharge, June 30, 178-1. lie received a pension from the government. 

After his return from the army, he worked on a farm for different men during the sum- 
mer, and in the winter taught school, until the 2Sth day of June, 17*7, when he married 
Esther Park. Feb. 5, 1734, he and his family removed to what is now the town of Men- 
don, Monro" Co., N. V., where they experienced all the hardships ami privations generally 
attending a life in a new country. He and both of his wives died on the farm which they 
had reclaimed from the wilderness. They were most excellent people, and their memory 
is held in the highest esteem by their descendants. 

Children, the iiist three born in Alford, Mass., the others in Mendon, X. ST., by his 
first marriage : 

200. Am i/hii.' b. April 12, 17P0; <1. ■ , 1819 ; m. Sept. 17, 1S09, Rally Colvin. 

201. Haxsah, b. July :I0, 1731; A. May 3, 1S32; in. , Daniel Tall. 

202. Ki in. I). Feb. 12, 1793; d. ; m. about 1S10, Moses MeClcllaii. 

203., li. March 17, 1795; tl. Aug. I. 1S53; in. April 1, 1S17, Hannah Van Ness. 

By his second marriage : 

204. r.iN.rvMiN' 1'almi i:, b. Aug. 12, 1708; d. ,lnly 14, 182S; in, Aug. 1, 1822, Susan E. Davis. 

205. Couxklics Dwi.rrv, b. April is, 1801; il. Nov. 2, 1851; ill. Jan. 5, 1823, Amanda Skin- 

200/ Eli.kky Sani-oud, b. Oct. 1. 1803; d. Keb.19, 1S70; in., 1st, Vpril 13, 1830, Margaret Coul- 

SOli; 2d, Nov. li, 1855, Mrs. Charlotte G.'irrlgns. 
207. Noah, b.Jaii. 2(1, I80('.; d. fcVb. 28, 1878; in., 1st, Oct.3, 1833, Harriet Armstrong; 

.•;,:, Nov. !, 18-13, Mary Ann Avers. 


20S. John Jay, b. May 23, 1S0S ; d. Aug. G, 1852; in. A.pril 13, 1S35, Clarissa Strong. 
209, Joskpii liAXDOi.rir, b. July 14, 1810; d. July 8, 18G8; in. Oct. 20, 1830, Caroline Wil- 
210. Daughter, b. ; d. in Infancy. 

70 Ebcnezer Treat {Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard* Richard 1 ), born 
June 7, 1771, in Lenox, Mass. ; died Sept. 3, 1852, in Mendon, Monroe ('<>., N. Y. ; 
married Nov. 7, 1793, Hannah Paiik, sister of Esther Park, who married his brother Cor- 
nelius 6 Treat. She died May 1 7, 1860, :it the house of her youngest daughter, Mrs. Jemima 
Curtiss, in Ruggles, Ashland Co., Ohio. A' few years after his marriage, he emigrated from 
Alford, Mass., to the ''Genesee Country," and settled in Mendon, N. Y. Was a farmer. 

Children, the first born in Alford, the others in Mendon : 

211. MAUSA.'b. Oct. 12, 1794; d. May 27, 1844; m. April 22, 1813, Philander Chamberlain. 

212. Estheu, 1). Oct. 15, 1797; d. April 23, ISS3; m. , Belamy Claniu. 

213. Jemima, b. Dec. 25, 1800; d. Nov. 23, 1872; m. Aug. 15, 1819, Charles Curtiss. 

214. Park, b. Nov. 9, 1804: d. Oct. 16 1880; m. .Tunc 22, 1S27, Sophia Harney. 

215. Ebknezer Hamlin, b. Nov. 15, 1.S0N ; d. Jan. 21, 1SG7; m. April 19, 1832, Ferret New- 


74 Charles" Treat (? Thomas, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ) , horn April 

30, 1769, in Sheffield, Mass.; died ; married . He lived in ■ , 

Herkimer Co., N. Y. The family records were destroyed by fire, so that we are unable to 
give the name of his wife and other dates. Tlis grandson, Benjamin Franklin 8 Treat, has 
furnished me with what information 1 have in regard to the family. We have no direct 
proof that the above Charles Treat was the son of Thomas Treat except that there was no 
other Charles Treat at that time, so far as we know, and that Thomas Treat and family 
had disappeared from Sheffield. 

Children, born in , Herkimer Co. : 

21G. ORANGE,' b. . He was probably the Orange S. Treat, who served in the war of 1812. 

April, 1855, was at 3 1 i u a , Lenawee Co., Mich., aged G4. Jan., 1851, was in Almond, 
Allegany Co., N. Y.,agedoG. Was drafted for six months al Vernon, Oneida Co.,N. Y., 
in Sept., 1812, and discharged at, Ogdensburg, N. Y. 
217., or Ai.vaii (t\vin),b. Sept. 20, 1795; d. Aug. 17, 1SG5; m. Jan. 1, 1820, Elizabeth 

218. Almika (twill), b. Sept. 20, 1795; d. . 

219. Harriet,!). . 

220. Joanka, b. . 

221. Thomas, b. . 

222. Sylvester, b. July 2G, I80C; d. Nov. 15, 1877; m. June 20, 1828, Betsey Webb. 

22J. Li'.wis, b. . 

224. Charles, b. . 

75 Daniel Treat (? TJiomas 5 Richard, 4 Tliomas? Richard? RichanP), bom ■ , 

in ; died , near Adrian, Mich.; married ■, Sta'iiij.ut Hand. As 

early as 1790, he was living near Gorhain, Ontario Co., N. Y. Both he and his wife 
were Baptists, and people of .strong religious convictions. About 1830, he came west, 
and 'settled in C'o'.ebrook, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. He afterwards moved to Michigan, 
and settled near Adrian. AW 1 know that be was a brother of the preceding Charles Treat, 
and they were probably both of them sons of Thomas Troal of Shcfllcld, Mass. 


Children, born in Gorham, probably not in order of birth : 

225. I!u;.am>,' b. June 1:', 1 7'. 1 7 ; d. Oct. -I, I87C; in. .Inly 11, 1822, Mcllncla Colo. 

22G. Titus, b. ; d. ; m. . Hail a I'ainily in Adrian, Mich., but can get no 

inl'in 'inatioii. 

227. Hannah, I). ; d. ; in. , RoberlJatncs. He settled in Michigan, and had 

two children ; 

1. Robert 8 James, li. . 

2. Caroline Jiniies, b. . 

228. Sutlu'I', b. ; d. ; in. . Had three daughters : 

1. Amanda" Trent, b. . 

2. Helen Trent, I). . 

3. Louisa Treat, b. . 

220. Si 'ATiiijip. I). ; c. ; in. Benjamin Palmer. Had fourchildren: 

1. Theresa" I'nlmer, b. . 

2. Callista Palmer, b. . 

3. Homer Palmer, b. . 

4. Frank Palmer, b. . 

89 Ashbel 6 Treat {Aslibel,* Richard,* Thomas, 9 Richard? Richard 1 ) , born May 13, 
17o4, in Lenox, Mass. ; died April 14, 1842, in Menlz, Cayugn Co., N. Y. ; married 

, Sarah Bicll, born Feb. 2~:j, 1764 ; died March 29, 1842. Mr. Treat was n soldier 

of the Revolution unci received a pension. In April,, lie volunteered for nine months 
at Salisbury, Conn., under Captain Sheperd, in Colonel Cortland's New York Reg't, 
joining it at FishkiU, N. Y. With a part of the regiment, under Lieut. Colonel Wcissen- 
fels, he was soon detached ;i :i ii stationed at Saratoga until his enlistment expired. In 
March, 1782, lie enlisted at Lenox for two years, with Captain Posey, or Penny, in 
Colonel Willetl's New York Reg't, which he joined at Albany, thence lie inarched 
up the Mohawk river to Fort Hunter. Alter remaining six weeks, he with a part of the 
regiment was ordered to Forts Plank and Plain, for 1 ho winter, thence in Jan., 
1 7 -so , lie marched west by way of Fort Stauwix, now Rome, X. Y. ; then across Lake 
Oneida, to within about h mile of Oswego, but soon returned to Fort Plain, where lie was 
discharged in June, 1783. Soldiers sent to the above named forts were actively em- 
ployed in the perilous duty of scouting Hie surrounding wilderness to protect the frontier 
settlements from the approach of hostile Indians and tories, with which the central part 
of New York was every year invaded, in addition to those under Brand! and Johnson. 
According to the New York archives he was also a lifer in Colonel 'Whitney's Reg't, 
under Captain Iving. About 1794, he removed to Throopville, Cayuga county, near Au- 
burn, N. Y., where he was soon followed by his brothers, John, Isaac. Moses and Aaron, 
who all settled in the same town. Then- is still a locality called the "Treat Settlement." 
All had families but Isaac, and their descendants continue to reside in the vicinity. Was 
a fanner. 1 regret that 1 have bc< u unable to get much information about these fam- 

Children, most of them born in Throopville: 

230.,' b. Dec. 18, 178(i; d. ; in., 1st, ; 2d, , Clarissa Harden. 

231. Asiihkl, b. I'M). 27. 1789; d. Jan. 23, 1813; in. . 

232. Isaac, b. April 3, 1701 ; d. — - -; in. , Asenalli Monroe. 

233. Jajhus (twin), b. l-'eb. 11, 17U3; A. ; in. . Children: 

1. AckU'i* Treat, b. . Resides in Hreesport, Clieimmg Co., N. X. 

2. Ashbel Treat, b. . Uesides In Brcesport, Chemung Co., X. Y. 

3. Isaac Treat , b. . 


4. Justus Treat, b. . 

5. Soplironia Trent, i> . 

C. Small Tri at, b. . 

234. Justus (twin), b. Feb. 11, 1793; rt. Dec. 20, 1703. 

235. JUSTUS, b. July 8, 1705; <l. Match 11, 1S15; m.. 1st, , 1S17, l'hebe Mix; 2d, , 

1830, Caroline Miller. 

230. James I)., b. April 27, 1797; d. Sept. — , 1SC7; in., lit, , Betsey McKcnscy; 2d, 

Miircli 2S, 1852, Ellen L, Wellniaii. 
2:17. Hiram, b. July 6, 1709; <1. Aug. 17, 1803. 

238. Sarah, b. Maj 50, 1802; d. ; m. , Samuel Rice. No issue. 

230. Lovisa.1). May 25, 1S04; cl. ; in. , Benjamin Miller. 

240. Luchn'da, 1) Oct. 2, 1807; d. ; in. , William nice. 

90 John'' Treat {Ashbel, 5 Richard* Thomas* Richard? Richard*), born Oct. 11, 
17uG, or 17(17 family record, in Lenox, Mas 1 :. ; died Deo. 9, 1-S13, in Albany, N. Y., at 

the house of his son Hiram, while waiting Cot a pension; married . According 

to the Massachusetts muster rolls, lie served in Capt. Josiah Yale's Co., for twenty 
days in Oct., 1781, and was al Stillwater. He served in Capt. John Bacon's Co., 
nine days, from L Oct. 20-28, 1781, and in Captain Wells' Co, 3d Berkshire cotiuty 
Reg't, eight days, from Oct. 30 to Nov. 7, 1781. Removed to Lebanon, N. Y., and 
afterwards to Shoreham, Vt., where he settled on the east side of the creek, neai the 
site of the first house built in town in 1795. He was constable in 1792,1793 and ]7'.(.3. 
Soon after 1800, he removed and settled i;t or near Auburn, IN. Y., with his brothers. 
He died before receiving a pension, for which he had made application. 

Children (there were probably others) : 

241. Hikam,' b. l'el). It, 1791 ; a. March 17, 1S37 ; in., 1st, , Khuior Cole; 2d, Nov. 19, 

1825, Margaret Malleubcck. 
212, Joi.x, b. May 2, 1708; d. Nov. 3, 1831. 

92 MoS9S r ' Treat (A*hbel, s Richard,* Thomas* Richard" Richard}), born March 

14, 1771, in Lenox, Mass. : died ; married . Was s fanner. 

Children born in the Treat settlement, near Auburn, In. Y. : 

£43. Chkstku. 1 b. ; a. ; in. . Was a deacon in the Presbyterian Church. 

Children : 

1. Ahnon* Treat, b. . 

2. Achsah Treat, b. ; a. ; m. , Richard Casner. 

3. Charlotte Treat, b. ; d. ; m. , Roiniugtoii, ii; the Treat 


244. Hemax, b. ; d. — — ; m. . Was a church officer. Had two sons: 

1. Horace* Treat, b. . 

2. Lansing Treat, b. . 

245. MoSKS, b. . 

24ti. BlSToKY, b. : a. , 111. , Graham. 

247. Soi'iiiA, b. June 6, 180G; d. Oct. 25, 18G9; m. March 1, 1827, Insluy Douglass. 

24s. OiiviLi.A, b. ; cl. -; m. , Cady. 

249. /.maxim, b. ; d. ; m. , Uoweii. 

250. Julia, b. ; d. ; m. , Joseph lladdeu. Had two sons: 

1. Robert* Hadden.b. . 

2. Egbert Haddeu, b. . 

94 AarOtt 6 Treat (Ashbel, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas* Richard, 3 Richard*), born , 

in Lenox, Mass.; d. , in Conquest, N. Y'.; m. , Bktsisy Monuoe, who 

died in Conquest, where ho kept a hotel. 


Children born in or about Auburn, N. Y. : 
251. Augustus,' b. Nor. 12, 17UG; d. July .1, 1870; in. , lihoda Casterlain. 

252. Ranm'.i., b. ; d. , in Contjuesl, X. V. ; in. , Scena Doane. Children: 

1. Eber" Treat, b. . 

2. Mauley Treat, li. . 

3. Austin Treat, b. .' 

4. Augustus Treat, b. . 

5. Aaron Treat, b. . 

253. AuiEUr, b. ; d. ; in. , Laura . Children: 

1. Eli/.a Ann 8 Treat, b. . 

2. Phcbe Treat, b. . 

25-t. Aaron Gooimicu, b. ; d. ; in. . Was in the grocery business at 

Port Byron, N. V. Children: 

1. Edward 8 Treat, b. . 

2. Charles Treat, b. . 

255. Joseph Haddkjt, b. ; d. ; m. , Betsey Teachout. Cliildreu: 

1. Goodrich 8 Treat, b. . 

3. Augustus Treat, b. . 

25G. Poli.y, b. ; d. ; ;>.. , William Smith. Lived in Aurelius, X. V. Chil- 
dren : 

1. Sheldon Goodrich* Smith, b. ■ . 

2. Augustus Smith, b. . 

3. Betsey Jane Smith, b. . 

i. Amanda Smith, b. . 

257. Mabilxa; b. ; d. , in Conquest, N. Y. ; in. , William Dnsenberry. 

95 Amy 6 Treat (AshM, 5 Richard* Thomas, 3 Richard,* Richard*) , born , in 

Lenox, Mass. ; died Dec. 17,3 8-28, in Shoreham, Vt. ; married March 2, 179-1, Deacon 
Philkjion Wolcott, of Shorehani. lie was a prominent member of the Congregational 
church of that town, and died Sept. 1, 1832, aged sixty-three, of cholera. 

Children of Deacon Philemon and Amy Wolcott : 

258. Laura., 7 b. , 179(5; d. June, 1823. 

250. Lucy, b. May 23, 1798; d. ; in. Feb. i, 1817, John Baker. 

280. Hiram, b. Sept. 2, 1800. 

261. Ai.mon, b. June 5. 1S02. He lives (1888) in Shorcham, and is deacon of the Congre- 
gational churcli there, lias been blind rorsome years, is a lineman and has a remark- 
ably good memory. Am indebted to hi in for the family record. 

202. Amy, b. Jan. 12, ISO-! ; d. Feb. 17, 1S-10; in. , Abner Weils. 

203. OuvKit, b. Dec. 10, 1mm; ; ,1. Jan., 1828. 

204. Vikyon, 1). llaj 12, 1809. 
2C5. JoiinS., b. Feb. 12, 1812. 

200. HAilKIKT, b. Dee. 17, 1814; resides ill Canada. 
207. Saraph, b. Aug. 12, 1617 ; d. Feb. -1, 1802. 

97 Elijah 6 Treat (Jo/in, 5 Richard* Thomas* Richard* Richard 1 ), born .lime 27, 
1777. in Lenox, 3.1ass. ; died Dee. 25, 1851, at Bristol Splines, Ontario Co., N. Y. ; mar- 
ried Oct. 5, 1802, Lois Ruth Muugk, in the town of Cocymans, Albany Co., X. Y., who 
died Jan. 23, 1818, al liiistol Springs. lie taught district schools in Lenox, when young, 
and in Coeymans, to which place lie removed in IS04. In 1818, lie removed to Klmira, 
N. Y.; in 1824, to Canafidaigua, X. Y., and finally to Bristol Springs, where he died. 
Was a tanner and currier 1>\ trade. 


Children, the first born in Lenox, the next five in Coeyrnans, the seventh in Elmira, 
N. Y. : 

268. Angklina,' b. Oct. 18, 1803; d. Oct. 2G, 1888; m. Jan. G, 1S25, Josiah Alford. 
2G9. Edwin E., b. Aug. 2;>, 1805; d. March 29, 1888; in. Jan. 1, 1831, .Tune Brush. 

270. HoMEH 11., b. Aug. 10, 1807; d.. Ian. — , ISC4, at Bristol Springs; in. , 183Q, Sarah 

Oakley, of Naples, Ontario Co., N. V., who d. in 18-10. Was a blacksmith by trade. 
No Leslie. 

271. Albkut L., b. March 10, 1800; d. July 2:., 1885; in. March 6, 1839, Eveline Hathaway. 

272. Mim.uva Ruth, b. June 20, 1811 ; m. Feb. 28, 1833, Rev. Robert Hicks. 

273. David Mudgk, b. May 3, 181-1 ; d. ■ , uiiiu. He was a carpenter and joiner by trade 

and a line workman. Became insane a few years before his death, and died in the asylum 
at Ovid, N. Y. 
274. RiCHAiiD Sidney, b. April 1&, 1810; m. , 181.1, Louisiana Conant. 

99 John Treat (John,* Richard, 4 Thomas* Richard,* Richard 1 ), Lorn , 

in Lenox, Muss. ; died , in Coeyrnans, >>". Y. ; married about 1807, Charlotte Foe- 
man, of Coeyrnans, and daughter of Aaron and Deborah Forman. He was a fanner in 
good circumstances. 

Daughter, born in Coeyrnans : 

275. LyuiA, 7 b. , 1808; d. Oct. 15. 1S11 ; m. , Albert lloyt. Had two sons: 

i. Aaron 8 Uoyt, b. . 

2. Edwin Hoyt, b. . 

107 Capt. Charles Treat (Jonathan* Charles, 4 Thomas* Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), 
born .lime 1, 1759, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died April 5, 1825 (gravestone, Eastlwry bury- 
iug-ground, Glastonbury) ; married, first, Nov. 23, 1780, Dorothy Fox., who died April 30, 
1796 (35lh year, gravestone), and daughter of William Fox; second, June 20, 1798, 
Mrs. Hannah (Pelton) Ci.akk, who died May 20, 1799 (39fh year, gravestone), and 
daughter of Josiah Pelton ; third, Jan. o, 1800, Mrs. Phebe (Pelton) Huklisurt, sister of 
the above, who died Jan. 10, 1 8 1 G , aged 48. He was a carpenter. His first two wives and 
daughter Dolly are buried atEaslbury. 

Children, born in Glastonbury (some of whom were baptized in Eastlmry Parish, now 
Buckingham, Conn.), by his lirst marriage : 

276. CllAitLKS, 7 b. March 30, 17S1 ; bapt. Nov. 2G, 1782 ; d. Sept. 12, 1851 ; m. Jan. 3, 1802, Belin- 

da Andrews. 

277. David, b. Nov. 2, 1782 ; bapt. Nov. 20, 178" ; d. March 27, 1821 ; in., 1st, Nov. 25, 1802, Miily 

Andrews; 2d, Oct. 11, 1818, Charlotte Slicpperd. 

278. Ruth, b. Dec. -1, 1784; d. Dec. — , 1872; in. Feb. 9, 1801, Eli Hollister. 

27t>. LEO.NAltn, b. May 1, 1787 ; bapt. June 19, 178.7; d. Any. 17, 1SG1 , in. Nov. 25. 1807, Abigail 

2G0. Jakku, b. ing. (1, 17811; d. Feb. II, 1853; in. Jan. 21, 1810, Ann Corey WadswortU. 
281. Dolly, b. Feb. 1(1, 1702; bapt. March 6, 1792; d. Ma., 31, 1793. 

282. Clauissa, b. Dec. 19, 1793: cl Nov. 27. 1842; m. , George Bcase. 

283. William, b. March 27, 17UC; bapt. May 2, 1790;d. Oct. 8, :^7:; ; m., 1st, May 10, 1818, Lucy 

Teilon ; 2d, July 18, 1822, Sally Bellon ; 3d, July 3, 1S55, Mrs. Mary IS. (Cragiu) Clinton. 
By his second marriage: 

284. Elisha, b. May 20, 1700 ; d. July 5, 1848 ; in., 1st, Oct. 13, 1820, Clarissa Benton ; 2d, April 

11, 1827, Almira Wheat. 
By his third man iage : 

285. IIansaii, b. April 8, 1801 ; d. ; m. Feb. 11, 1822, Edmund Matson, jr. 

108 Jonathan 6 Treat (Jonathan, 5 diaries* Thomas* Richard? Richard 1 ), born 

July 0, 1 7 G2, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Jan. 24, 1817, in Glastonbury ; marrh d, lirst, Feb. 

62 HICHAM) treat: SIXTH generation. 

19, 1783, Cnr.oE Fox, who died Nov. 21, 1789, in her twenty-seventh year (gravestone, 
Eastbury burying-ground, Glastonbury) ; second, Nov. 1 -1 , 1 792, Kctuha.ii Wkiu, vvho died 
July 8, 1845, in Tyringham, Mass. He and his wife Chloe renewed Lheir bnpl-istiial eovo- 
naut in Eastbury Parish, March 23, 17S1. His second wife, '"Caturah," renewed Lhe 
Covenant on the 24th of Nov., 1793. During the Revolution he was a drummer in the 
company ofCapl. Eliznr Hubbard of "Wethersfield and marched Cor Boston at the Lexing- 
ton alarm in 1775. AVas paid for four days' service. Also served as teamster for over two 
years under Conductor Capt. Bissell Phelps, from 1777 to 177'J. Received a pension. Re- 
sided in Eastbury Parish. His will is dated May 2, 1816 ; probated Feb. 20, 1817. .Men- 
tions wife Katurah, daughter Chloe Hubbard. Neslore, or Vestore (Sylvester?), Sally, 
Pammy, Isaac and Marthy. There is no mention of daughter Seinantha, unless she is 
called by some oilier name. Neither do I find her name in the records of baptism which, 
however, are imperfect. I put the name of Chloe (irst, though her name does not occur in 
the Records. The names of Pcrmelia and Semantha occur among the pension records ;is 
surviving the widow in 1853. 

Children, born in Glastonbury, by his (irst wife : 

23G. C'm.ov," b. ; d. ; m. Hubbard. 

287. Huth, b. ; bapt. Jan, 23, 1785; d. . 

288. Isaac, b. ; bapt. Nov. 3, 1785; cl. March 7, 1794, 9th year (g. s ). 

280. Nestor Cot Vestor), b. ; bapt. .lime 22, 178S; d. . 

200. lUcifKL, b. ; bapt. Nov. 12, 178'J; d. Nov. 13, 1780. 

By his second marriage : 

291. Sarah, b. ; bapt. Nov. 24, 1703. 

202 1'aiimi: (cr I'ermelia), b. ; bapt. Oct. 18, 1705; d. (alive 1353); m. Feb. 9, 1823, 

Lester Dowd. 

2S3. Isaac, b. ; bapt. May 2G, 1700. 

294. Israel Tai.cott, b. ; bapt. June 13, 1802. 

295. A VALUTA, b. ; bapt. June 20, 1802. 

20G., b. ; cl. ; ra. Feb. 11, 1825, Chauncoy Brewer, who d. Sept. 11, 

1852, ageci 50 (g. s., Ilockannm, Conn.). There isalso a ;;. s. for Luella Sophia Brewer. 
dau. of Cliauncey and Scmautha Brewer, who d. April 13, 1831, aged 1\ . 'J'-'aI. 

Hi Thomas" Treat (Peler* Thomas, 4 Thomas* Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), bom Sept. 
4, 17(51, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died March 11, 18-47, in Arcadia, Wayne Co., N. Y. ; 

married, first, , Jkrusua , who died Now 22, 1786, in Glastonbury ; second, 

Nov. 3, 1791, Rachkl Welch, at Middlelown, Otsego Co., N. Y., who was born Dec. 
10, 1771. In 1S55, she resided in Prattsburg, Steuben Co., N. Y. Mr. Treat, was a 
soldier in the war of the Revolution, and received a pension. In May, 1 77(3 , Thomas 
Treale and others presented a Memorial to the Assembly in regard to a Military Co. in the 
First Parish, Glastonbury. While living in Glastonbury in 1777, he was called out for 
six or eight days under Captain Wells, to act as guard to the prisoners from General Bur- 
goync's army on their way across the state to Rutland and Boston, Mas,. He served a term 
ofeight months from June, 1 780, under Captain Lav, in ( lolonel Wells' licg't, at New London, 
Conn., and was there again in 1781, at the alarm occasioned h\ the landing of Benedict 
Arnold, the burning of that place, the capture of the Port in Groton, on the opposite side 
'of the river Thames, and the massacre of the garrison, Sept. G, 1 78 1. After the war lie re- 
sided in Springfield and Middlelown, both iii Otsego Co., N. Y. In July, 1812, he removed 
to Italy, Yates Co., N. Y., where he resided for over twenty years. The record of the 
births and names of the children is written on n small leaf, and is illegible in some in- 
stances. ' 


According to the History of Yates Co., N. Y., p. 422, ho settled in Italy in LSI", on 
Lot G, North Survey, ami moved to Italy Hollow in 1823, settling on Lot 25, South Survey, 
where he lived till IS34-, when lie sold out and moved to Arcadia, Wayne Co., where lie 

died, lie and his wife Rachel wore members of the Baptist Church in Italy when it was 
first organized. She died in 1857, aged eighty-six. 

Children, the first two born and baptized in Glastonbury, the others in N. Y. State, 
by his first marriage : 

207. Jesse, 7 b. : bapt. Juno 29, 1783; d. . 

208. ,)i:i;usiia, b. ; bapt. Nov 23, 178.0, at the funeral of her mother. 

By his second marriage: 
239. Jai.i:i>, b. Aug. I, 1702; d. ; in. , in early life, and upon his wife'.-* death re- 
mained single. 

300. M iuy, I). Feb. 4. 1794 ; d. ; in. .Chester Burke, of Oakland Co., Mich. 

301. Hannah, h. Feb. 10, or 16, 179G. 

302. Eunice, b. Feb. IS, 1797; d. ; in. , WorsterBuek. 

303. Fiibrlovk, b. June 4, 1799. 

801. Alva, b. May B, ISO! ; d. ; left town unmarried. 

305. Nancy, b. Julj 20,1803; d. ; m., lat, Mace, who d. leaving one son Thomas 

Mace; 2d, , Alamander Towers. Had a large family and moved to Wisconsin. 

806. LoitA, '>. Dee. 4, 1805; d. ; 111. , Chester Smith. Livid on a part of Lot 30 

South Survey. She survived her husband many years. Had four children : 

1. Sally" Smith, i>. ; d. , in Prattsburg, N. Y. ; in. Wheaton. 

2. Clarissa Smith,- b. ; m. .Charles W. Brown, at Dresden, N.Y. Had 

three children. 

3. Emily Smith, b. ; d. in Italy; in. , Andrew J. Barker. Had 

l.liree children. 

■1. Jane Smith, b. ; m. , Andrew J. Furgnson. Resides in Toriey, 

N. Y. Had three children. 

307. Emily, b. April S, 1S0S. 

308. Axskl, b. March 14, 1813; d. ; in. , Sally Reynolds. 

309. Russkix, b. Sept. 14, 1815; d. ; in. , in Wayne Co. 

310. LoYlNA, 1). June 19, ISIS; d. ; 111. , in Wayne Co. 

114 Peter 6 Treat (Peter, 5 Thomas, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? RidiarcV), born June IS, 
17G9, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Jau. 11, 1850, in Chatham, Tioga Co., Penn. ; married, 

first, Jan. 14, 1796, in Middlefield, Otsego Co., N. Y., Lvima ,who died March 12, 

181!) ; second. , -Nash, lie removed from Middlefield to Chatham, lYnn., May 

28, 1827, where lie died. 

Children, born in Middlefield, by his first marriage: 

311. Lyiha, 7 b. Dec, 24, 1796; d. Dec. 0, 1871; m., 1st, Jan. 25, 1SS0. Ovrin Stebbins; 2d, 

.Ezra Poller. 

312. Hannah, b. lie. 3o, 1700; d. July 0. 1832, in Henderson, Jefferson Co., N. Y. ; m. , 

Hiram Williams. Had two dans. : 

1. Lorilla 1-1." Williams, b. Jan 22, 1823, in Lock, Onondaga Co., N. Y. ; res. (1890) 

in Lansing, Mich. 

2. Adeline Williams, b. July G, 1827, in Henderson, X. Y. ; d. Oct. 3, 1S53, in Am- 

ity. Eric Co., Venn. ; in. Higgins. Children: 

(1) licalista" Higgins, b. May 1. 1849. 

(2) Charles 1- Higgins, b. . 

313. Syi.n t.stfk, 1>. April 14 IR02; d. Oct. u, 180(1; in. March 27, 1827, Lncinda Gates. 

314. Ai.i-i.iN!-:, b .Aug 0, 1801; d. Aug. 21. 1851; m. , Hobert 15. Potter. 

31."). Joseph, b. Nov. 4, 1806; d. Aug. 20, 1840; unm. 

310 Samuel )!., b. July r. 1810; d. Dec. 7, 1S7S; m. Nov. 22, ls47. Mary ,1. Gardner. 


3!7. DonoTnY, b. March 4, 1814; d. April 3, 1841; in. , Lewis Tiathbnn. 

318. Sarah Akk, l). Jan. 2G, JM: ; ; d. Oct. 30, 1853; in. Sept. 28, 1834, Warren Glcason. 
By his second marriage: 

310. Julius, b. May 29, 181S ; cl. : m., 1st, ; 2d, . lie was apbysician, and re- 
sided in Munsrille, Madison Co., N. Y. Had a son: 
1. Frank 8 Treat, b. . 

119 Charles' 1 Treat (John, 5 Thomas* TJiomas, 3 Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), born 

■; baptized Aug. 22, 1762, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died, 1802, of lung fever, the 

result of a cold, and was among the first buried at Wells River, Newbury, Yt., in the 
fields west of Hrigham's ; married Jnne : 2, 1788, Raciiki. Abisk, born May 13, 17C8, and 
daughter of Samuel and Rachel (Masson) Alibe, of Chatham, now Portland, Conn. He 
was a lumberman, anil engaged in river-driving at the time of his death. Was dead June 
2, 1802, when Idlers of administration were granted to Isaac Ilollister and widow Ra- 
chel Treat. Iiis children were all baptized .May 2, 1802, probably owing to the news of 
their father's death. The names of four of his sons, Horace, Lathrop, Orriu, and Rob- 
ert, who died away from home, are commemorated en a stone in the burying ground at 
South Glastonbury. 

Children born and baptized in Glastonbury : 

320. Lathrop,' b. about 37S8; cl. Only 28, 1819, aged 31 ; m. 1814, Tallatha Sexton. 

321. Horace, b. July !, 1790; d. Dee. 3, 1821; m. , Polly Brooks. 

32:'. Okmn, b about 1792; d. July 3, 1815, ;t^cil L';J ; mini. Served during the war of 1812, in 
the Co. of Capt. Erastus Strong from Aug. IS, 1814 to Oct. 25, 1814. 
323. Sophia, b. Feb. G, 1705; d. Nov. 18, 1850; in. Sept. 15, 1818, Isaac Collins. 

32+. IIobicrt, b. about 1793; d. Jan. — , 1817, aged 19, at Martinique, West Indies. 
CSS. Charles, b. Oct. 27, 1801; d. Jan. 17, 1807; m. April 20. 1823, Matilda Cooly. 

130 Amos Hall' ; Treat (Gershom, 5 TJwmas, 4 Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born 
Feb. Io, 1780; in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Jan. 22, 1S7 ( J, aged ninety-three, in Aurora, 
Portage Co., Ohio ; married Feb. 21, 1811, Jane Stewart, of Chatham, now Portland, 
Conn., who died Nov. 12, 1852, aged sixty-two, in Aurora, Ohio, and daughter of Capt. 
Michael and Malmda (Abernathy?) Stewart, of Chatham, lie removed to Ohio between 
181G and 1818. Was a fanner. 

Children born in Glastonbury: 

326. Stuaict', b. Jan. 19, 1812; d. April 13, 1881; in., 1st, Feb. 27. 183), Nancy Strong 

Hickox; 2d, , Eienor R. Norton; 3d, Aug. C, ls."is. Mary Dotliea Cooper. 

327. Amos Mortimer, b. March 13, 1813; m , 1811, Harriet M. Hatch. 

143 Mary G Treat (Elisha? Isaac, 4 Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), baptized Feb. 
22, 17G7, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died March 17, 1832, aged sixty-four (gravestone in 
Glastonbury) ; married Slay 28, 1788. Jbdeihaii Smith, baptized Sept. 9, 1764, died April 
•1, 1S2G, aged sixty-four (gravestone), and son of Jeduthan Smith, of Glastonbury. 

Children of Jcdediah anel Mary Smith, born in Glastonbury: 

328. Jeduthan,' b. .Inly 2. 3789; a Oct. tu, 1701, 3d y. ( g. s.). 

329. Piiila, 1'. Jan. 2. 17111. 

330. 11 iNNiii, b. Aug. 29, 17112; (I. Sept. 3, 1792, aged 7d. (g. s.j. 

331. SmiiiAKi.. b. Aug. 12. 1793. 

332. Makv, 1). Dec. :■•, 1795; d. Jan. 2o. 170(1. aged Gw. (g. s.). 

333. Jl.niv, b. May 2, 17.17. 

334. Thomas, 1>. Oct. 8, 1799; d. Oct. 20, 1818, aged 10 yrs. (g. s ), 

335. Siu.nky, b. Mac 10, 1801. 


SSC. Eliza, b. Oct. 8, 1801. 
3:57. Juu \. I) Sept. 30, ISOG. 
338. Amelia, b. July 1, 1808. 

146 Elisha ,; Treat (Elisha? Isaac? Thomas? Richard? RichanV), born Aug. 27, 
1772, in Glastonbury, Conu. ; died Jaa. L9, 1852, aged seventy-nine, in Middlctown, 
Conn.; married, first, April 5, 1801, Lydia H.utr, born Sept. 18, 1777, died May 22, 
1809, and daughter of Capt. Samuel and Lydia (Hinsdale) Hart, of Kensiugton, Conn.; 
second, April 3, 181G, Betsey Kiuby, wlio died July 8, 1861, aged eighty-two. He was a 
member of the legislature from Middletowu *n 1822, and justice of the peace in 1837. He 
was well known throughout Middlesex and adjacent counties as "Squire Treat." He 
was a prominent member of the Baptist church for many years, and was also one of three 
men in Middletownwho constantly voted the abolition ticket fprmany years previous to his 

Children, born in Middle-town, by his first marriage: 

3f<9. LonBxao' Haijt, b. Nov. 1,1803; d. July 13, 1857; in., 1st, Aug. 23, 1S2G, Sarah Sago 
Kh'by; 2d, April 1C, 1S37, Mary Kirby. 

340. Emily, b. July 1G, 1SQ4; d. Sept. 25, 1872; m. Oct 5, 182;:, Alsa Wilcox. 
341. Maky Lydia, b. Jane 20, 1808; d. Jan. 29, 1831, aged 22. 

155 Mercy" Treat (Samuel, 5 Tsaac? Thomas* Richard* Richard 1 ), born April 19, 
177H (the family record says 1781) in Glastonbury, Conn. ; baptized May-. 17711; died 
April 4, 1871, in Springfield, Mass.; married Sept. 23, 1804, Houack King, of Enfield, 
Conn., born .Sept. 7, 1783, died Oct. 24, 18-17. 

Children of Horace and Mercy King: 

342. HuHAOB, 7 b. Dec. 29, 1804 ; d. July or Aug., 1825. 

343. Eliza, b. .Time 8, 1S0G, d. Feb. 27, 1873; in. . 

314.. Samuel- Tueat, b. June 27, 1807; d. Jan-. 5, 18G2; m. . 

345. Eiiastus, b. Sept. 21, 1810; in. . Resides in Springlleld, Mass. 

34C>. Fk.anos 0., b. June 21, 1S1 1 ; d. Dee. 27, 1859; in. . 

347. AsiKLiA.b May 28, 1817; m. . 

S4fi. SAitAii Ann. 1). June '.', 1S22; in. , John Kiraberly. Her daughter, Miss Louise II. 

Kiuiberly, has fr.nii.shed me the above Information. 

157 Roxanna 6 Treat {Samuel? Tsaac? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born July 
—,1783; baptized Aug. 10. in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died April 30, 1845, in Enfield, 
Conn.; married May — , IS13, Ashukl Tkihiy, born Jan. 2, 1785, died March 14, 1877, in 
Enfield, and sou of Selah and Desire (Meacliam) Terry, of Enfield. Was a fanner. See 
Terry Genealogy. 

Children of Ashbel and Roxanna Terry, born in Enfield: 

349. Loheszo,' b. Feb. IS, 1814; m. Nov. 13, 1S51, Aim M. Wyllis, b. April Hi, 1824, in Deer- 

field, .Mass., and daughter of Klias and Harriet Wyllis. Was a farmer in Eulleld. 

350. Jamc.s, !;. March 1G, 181G; inmi. Is a fanner in Eulleld. 

351. Julia, b. Aug. 2, 1820; num. 

168 Dyer Treat (Dorotheas? Dorollieus? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ) , horn April 
20, 1791, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died April 14, 1830, aged thirty-nine (gravestone South 
Glastonbury) ; married April 11, 1809, Raciikl Stevens. For her second husband site 

married Feb. 9, 1834, Grove Anson Tryon. He married, first, ■ , Abigail Dudley, 

who died May 15, 1833, aged forty (gravestone, South Glastonbury). The family after- 


wards removed abonl 1837, to liockpovt, Illinois, where they died. Mr. Treat was a 
fanner, and his farm was a portion of that originally granted to liiehard Treat, in South 

Children born in South Glastonbury: 

852. Son,'' b. ; d. June 11, 1812 (g. s., S. G.). 

333. Joseph S., 1). , 1813j d. Mnrcli 20, 181 1, aged G mos. (g. s., S. G.). 

351. Infant, b. ; d. Feb. 10, 1S17 (g. s., S. 0.). 

355. Mary Ann, b. about 1819; d. in Alias, Pike Co., 111.; m. , Bazil Talbot. Both 

are dead. Ko issue. 

350. Wakkton Ransom, b. about 1S22; d. , aged about IS, in Atlas. Pike Co., 111. 

163 Chauncey Treat {Dorotheus, 5 Doroiheus* Thomas, 3 fficliardpfficHiai-d 1 ) ,hova 
July 17, 179."), in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Nov. 16, 1840, in Atlas, Tike Co., Ill ; mar- 
ried, first, May 14, 161. r >, Sophia Chapman, of Glastonbury, who died May 7, 181G, aged 
nineteen (gravestone, South Glastonbury), and daughter of Tennant and Susannah Chap- 
man; second, Feb. 10, 1817, Lucv Chapman, born Dec. 10, 1797; died June 25, 18S2, 
aged eighty-live, iiiDecorab, WinnesheikCo., Iowa, and daughter of Abel and Lucy Chap- 
man, of South Glastonbury. Was a farmer and his land was a part of the farm origi- 
nally granted to Richard Treat in South Glastonbury. 

Children, born in Glastonbury, by his first marriage: 
357. Chauncey,' b. ; d. Way C, 1S1G. 

By his second marriage: 

358. Sophia Lvcy, b. Dec. G, 1817; m. July 11, 1839, Horace Herlen ITorton. 

359. ISmh.y Mama, b. April '27, 1820; in. Nov. 26, 1855, Charles Bigelow Johnson. 

360. Fkancis Smith, b. May 8, 1S22; m., 1st, May 20, 1855, Harriet Hush; 2d, April, 1803, 

Mailha Canilcld. 

361. Sylvestek Chapman, b. April 1, 1824; in. Feb. 2, 1351, Eliza A. Dunu. 
3G2. Sidney 'Pennant, b. Feb. 1, 1826; d. Feb. IS, 1859, in Decorali, Iowa. 

363. Ann Lee, b. Dee. 1, 1827; in. Dec. 24, 1851, John Archer. 

364. Nancy Pulsifeii, b. Dec. 19, 1829; m. Dec. 24, 1854, George Merrill. 

365. Maky J.\nl-„ b. Feb. 12, 1832; m. Dec. 24, 1851, Johu Amnion. 
3GG. IIicNRY, b. Jan. 28, 1831 ; d. Aug. 21, 1834. 



175 HcDry r Treat ( Ashbel Woodhridge 6 RicJiard? Richard* Thomas? Richard, 
Richard 1 ), born July 16, 1799, in Greenfield, Saratoga Co., N. Y. ; died Aug. 26, 1859, 
in Windsor, Eaton Co., Mich., married Nov. 10, 1828, Maria Baluwin, of Williams- 
town, Mass., born Sept. 16, 1808; died Sept. 8, 1862, in Windsor. He was a farmer and 
resided in Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., and Holland. Eric Co., N. Y. 
Children, the firs! three born in Freedom, the others in Holland : 
3G7. Lucy M., 9 b. Nov. 22, 1829. 
8G8. Martita, b March 10, 1832. 

369. Da vi> . ]I:.m;v, b. March 9, 1834; m. , Asenath Mary . Resides in West Wind- 
sor, Eaton Co., Michigan, lias two daughters: 

1. Frances Ella 9 Treat, m. Rose. 

2. Alice Ermina Treat. 

870, Gordon, b. July 29, 1838. Was an orderly sergeant in the army during the Rebellion, 
and was captured by the enemy. Nothing was afterward heard of him. lie probably 
dli-d in prison. 

371. Adkline C, b. Jan. ?, 1815. 

072. Caroline P., 1i. Sept. 1C, I84G. 

373. Qrcelia E , I). March 24, 18+9. 

181 Seymour 7 Treat {Timothy, 6 Timothy, 6 Richard* Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard 1 ) , 
horn Dec. 3, 17S2, in West Stoekbridge, Mass. ;died Juneo, 1859, in California; married, 
May 15, 1808, Phebe McCarty. Mr. Treat was a millwright. 

Children : 

374. IsATui McCARTT, 8 b. April I, 1809; d. Nov. 5, 1841 ; m. Oct. 30, 1833, . 

375. Maria, b. Dee. 9, 1812; in. April 15, 1837, Moreton fi. Sackctt. 

37(1. Rhoda, 1). March 3, 1S1C; d. Sept. 12, 1820. 
S77. Stbpiikn Decatur, b. April 12, 1S19; d. , 1850; in. March 15, 1S43, . 

378. Carlton, b. Oct. 6, 1S25 ; d. Oct. 20, 1845. 

183 Susanna'' Treat (Timothy, 6 Timothy, 5 Richard,* Thomas? Richard? Rich- 
ard 1 ), bom April 25, 1780, in West Stoekbridge, Mass.; died -. in Sandwich, 111. ; 

married, first, May 28, 1807, Zelak Walter, who died ,1811; second, Feb.—, 

1814, Joseph Phelps, who died May, 1851, aged eighty-two. In 1841, Mrs. Phelps re- 
moved from Homer, N. Y. (to which place her parents had moved in 1799), to Elgin, 111. 
In 1857, she came to Sandwich, and lived with her son-in-law, lion. Augustus Adams. 
About 1882, she went to Romeo, Mich., to visit her daughters, Mrs. Crawford and Mrs. 
Tillson. Nov., 1866, she returned to Sandwich, and lived with ber daughters. Mrs. Wells 
and Stiles. Had six children and (1886) forty grandchildren, and thirty great-grandchil- 
dren. She. was a member of the Congregational church in Sandwich and was held in 
the highest esteem by all who knew her. 

Children of Zelak and Susanna Walter, born in Homer, by her first marriage : 

379. Sophia, 8 b. June 13, 1808; m. Jacob Crawford, of Romeo, Mich. 

380. Maria, b. June 5, 1811; m. Dr. Pliilo Tillson, of Saudwic-h, 111. 

Children of Joseph and Susanna Phelps, born in Homer, by her second marriage : 

' 381. Lvniw b. Nov. 18, 1811; d. Dec. 14, 1807; ra. Oct., 1833, Hon. Augustus Adams. 

882. Mercy, b. Nov. 18, 1S19; in. Sept. 22, 1843, Carmi Wells, of Sandwich, 111. 

383. Joseph E., b. Oct. 16, 1824 ; in. Sept., 1849, Harriet Stiles, of Sandwich, II!. 

384. Cohnkma, b. Sept. 2a, 1827; in. Sept., 18i(J, Cornelius Stiles of Kankakee, III. 


190 Lyman" Treat (77<o»kts, g Timothy? Richard? Thomas* Richard? Richard 1 ), 

horn Mn rch I -1 , 1785, in ; died ; married , . Sewed in the war 

of ] 8 1 J . His company commanded by Captain Cumston, which was attached lo the sec- 
ond regiment New York Artillery, Colonel Scott, was called out Sept. 15, IS12, for three 
months, to go to Lewis ton, N. Y., and was stationed at Fori Gray. When the brigs 
Caledonia and Adams wen- captured on their passage from Buffalo to Lewislon, he with 
his company "did good service." In March, 1854, he resided in Boonville, Oneida Co., 
N. Y.. ami formerly at Unburn, Cayuga Co., N. Y. In March, 1855, he was living at 
Horse Heads, Chemung Co., N. Y. lie received a pen-ion. 

Son horn in Glen wood, Erie Co., N. Y. : : 
385. John." b. . 

191 Timothy' Treat (Thomas* Timothy? Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born March 30, 178G, in Georgia (?), near St. Albans, Vermont; died March 1, 

187."), in Elk Grove, Sacramento Co., Cal. ; married, first, , , near Buffalo, 

X. Y. : second, Jan.—. 1817, Lovis.i Ukmi.fv, at St. Albans, VS.. who was horn Jan. 22, 
1799, in Georgia, Vt., died Sept. 11. 1SG0, in Silver Creek, Mieb. V.'hen a young man be 
removed from Vermont to Aurora, Erie Co., N. Y., where he enlisted about April, 1S13, 
for six mouths with Captain Stevens, in Colonel Warren's regiment, and served till Sept., 
1814. He received n pension for his services during the war of 1812. lie remained in 
Aurora till the fall of 1834, when he removed to Michigan and settled near Niles, Ber- 
rien Co. In the fall of 1837, lie moved senile twenty-five miles and settled in Silver 
Creek township Cress Co., where he resided till 1SG3, wheu he removed lo Elk Grove, 
Cal., and resided with his eldest son, Sullivan Treat, till his death, lie was a fanner. 

Children, the first nine born in Aurora, the last three in Siivei Creek, by his first mar- 
riage : 

38(1. sn.riv.ix,' b. Jan. IS, 1S11 ; d. Jan. 21, 1S80; in. Dec. 25, 1843, Caroline VI. Gage. 

By his second marriage : 
3S7. Finri.i i. 1). Oct. 15, lSlStni. July — ,1835, Philander Dunning, who d. at Buchanan. 
Mich., in 1879. No issue. 
388. Almiua, b Feb. 13, 1821; in. Sept. 7. 1840, Henry Aldrich. 

389. Ruby, b. April 0, 1623; in. , William Green, who <i. 1873. Resides at Lower Lake. 

Lake Co., Cal. Has several children. 

390. .loirs nrxn.Y. I). July 1!, Is:'.".: m. . Cordelia Aldrich. Reside in Dowagiac, Cass 

Co., Midi. Have three children: 

391. Louisa, b. Nov. 24. 1827; m. . Morris G. Aldrich. Had two children. Reside at 

Lawrence, Van Hun u Co.. Michigan. 
392. Ika 11 vSCAT.. b Ma\ ! i. 1830; in. Ot t. 13. \^:.:>. Alice Ann Dunning 

393. ffAi.iai'i: Onvux (twin), h. Aug 9. 1832; in., 1st, , in Virginia City, Nevada, who d. 

in about a year; 2d, . . lie is a tinman by trade. In May, 1859, he went from 

Michigan to California, and niter a few years removed I o Virginia City, v. here for some 
years lie carried on a leirdu are store. Me now (1888) resales somewhere in Oregon. 

394. Win vui> (twin), r>. Aug. 9. 1832; in. , . :.! Salinas City. .Monterey Co., Cal. 

Have two children. 

395. [IoiiACE Jay, I). March 13, 1835; d. April i). 18C2, killed at the battle of Pittsburg Land- 

ing, lie enlisted in Oct.. 18(11, in Co. I, dipt. Brown, l'-'ih regiment, Col. Quiun, 
Michigan Volunteers, Tiny camped during the winter of lSlil and 18l>2,in Niles, Mich., 
where he was detailed l'..r hospital duly, there being nun h sickness amon- the men. 
In March, IS'',:', the regimen I went to Ti nnessee, where lie si ill continued to serve in the 
Hospital, but when Ihey were surprisi d by the Con federates at Pittsburg Lauding, all 
the sick who were able waait out to meet the enemy, and Mr. '] real was killed soul) 
niter the attack began. 



390. Lucy Axx, b. May 2, 1839; m. Nov. 12, 1S57, Fletcher 1!. Robinson. 
307. Nancy Jam:, b. Aug. (!, 1S41; d. June IB, |S||. 

398. Amanda Euphumia, b. May 1G, ISI4; m. Dec. 25, 1SGG, Henry Warren Russell. 

192 Oren 7 Treat (Thomas, 6 Timothy,* Richard," Thomas, 3 Richard,- Richard^), 
born Oct. 15, 1787, in St. Albans, Vl., probably; died April 2G, 1882, aged ninety-five, 
at Griffin's Mills, Erie Co., N. Y. ; married, first, Nov., 1813, at Williuk, Eric Co., N. Y., 

Nancy Thompson, who died 1835; seuond, ,1800, Maiua Weeks, of Saratoga, 

N. T. Mr. Treat settled in Aurora in LSI 2. Me resided at Griffin's Mills. Was enrolled 
under Captain Stevens, in Colonel Wumai's lleg't, Aug. 1, 1814, and was discharged 
at Buffalo about Oct, 1, 1815. He remembered the assnull made by the British, about 
midnight, Aug. 15, 1814, to capture Fort Eric. He received a pension. Was a farmer. 

Children born in Anrorf, by bis first marriage: 

399. .Tuns Aixex, 8 b. , 1814; m. , 1839, Surah Crocker. 

400. Abigail, b. , lSlfi; m. Nov. 2G, 1S3G, William Darling. Resides in South Wales, 

Erie Co., N. Y. 
401. GliORGB, h. Sept. 17. 1817; Cl. Dec. 25, 18S2; in. March 12, 1854, Sarah E. Foster. 

402. Thomas, b. , IS20; d. young. 

403. Thomas Nelson-, b. May 30, 1822: in. March 23, ISG4, Clara W. Bell. 

404. Faxette, !>. , 1824; cl. young. 

405. Lyshx L., I). V;>rii 30, 1828; ra. Jan. 11, 1871, Laura Anne Cooper. 

406. Oek.v, b. , 1830. 

40". Hklisn, b. , 1832.; rl. in infancy. 

405. Nancy llia.r.x, b. 1835; m. , Horace Delancy Resides in Sharon, Wise. 

By his second marriage : 

409. Ellhr-y Hi-xti.v, b. Aug. 20, 183G ; cl. Nov. 28, 1SS0; m. June 29, 1SG3, Charlotte II. 
410. Yictohia, I). Jan. 5, 1838; cl. April !, 1S73; m. , Royal Lee Colby. Had one son: 

1. Adelbert Morgan 9 Colby, I). Inly, 18G3; cl. .Inly, 18S5. 
411. Makik Fuaxces, b. Sept. 22, 1S40; m. Aug. 17, 18(15, Delivuri Calkins. 

412. IlAiauitT Akvhxa b. Nov. ft, 1842-; in. Oct. 23, 18S4, George Buss, llcsldes at Fort Cal- 

kins, Limner Co., Colorado. Is a fanner. 

413. Orvimjs Cassius, b July 17, 1844; ci. Oct. 7, 1 SG0, in East Aurora, N. Y Was a fanner. 

ra. . . Had two children ; 

1. Orville Mauley 9 Treat, b. . 

2. Jennie Treat, b. . 

"195 Izbovr Treat (Tli-omas* Timothy* Richard," Thomas, 3 liicliard* Richard 1 ), 
born June 1, 1793, in Willsborough, Essex Co., N. Y. ; died Feb. 22, 1878, in Aurora, 
Erie Co., N. V.; married, fust., Feb. 22, 1S22, Ai'PHrA Thompson, in Aurora, born Feb. 

17, 1803, in Augusta, Oneida Co., N. Y. ; second, , 1-Iui.da.h Fields, born Jan. 2, 

1812, died May 23, 18GC. Was a farmer. 

Children, first throe born in Aurora, the fourth, fifth and sixth, in Colden, by his first 
marriage : 

414. Seymour Edwahd, 6 b. June 13, 1823; d. Feb. 6, iStii ; m. Dec. 29, 1840, Abble Spurling 


415. Cn ITai en, b. Jan. 12, 1S20; m. Jan. 1, JSC2, Margaret Keesman. 
41G. LuciuctjaMawah, b. Fob. 5, 1828; cl. Dec. 27, 18-12. 

4l7. Lewis J., b. March 31, 1832; d. Sept. 27, !SG4 ; m. Sept. 12, 1655, Faunie Pratt Barden. 

418. Cykinia ,\.\x, b. Oct. 13, 1837; d. Oct. 21, 1845. 

■Il'.i. Geouge S., 1). April 7, 1842. Kesides (1SH0) in White Oaks, Lincoln Co., New Mexico 
By second marriage : 


420. Louisa R., b Sept. 23, 1852; el. Oct. 15, 18S3; m. March 29, 1874, Everett Darbee, b. Sept. 

10. 1S47. Resides (18D1) in East Aurora, N T . Y. Is a dealer in pianos, organs, musical 
merchandise and sewing machines. Had son : 
1. Emmet R." Darbee, b. Aug. 20, 1S75; d. March 25, 1S77. 

Had two other children !>y this marrioge, v»ho died in iurancy. 

196 John 7 Treat (Thomas, 6 Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), 
horn May 3, 1790, in Jefferson (?), Franklin Co., Vt. ; died Jan. 10, 1*01, in Concord, 
N. Y. ; ra. July 17, 1823, Eunice Amidon, horn Doc. 14, 1S0-A, died Nov. 25, 1877. Mr. 
Treat removed from Venn. nit in 1801 ; and settled in Aurora, Erie Co., N. Y., where lie 
built a log cabin, In 1838, he removed to Concord, N. Y., and purchased a farm. 

Children, the first eight horn in Aurora, the others in Concord: 

421. Polly M., s b. April 2G, 1S24; d. Dec. 3, 1SS8; m. .Tun. 1, 1S50, Stephen Wheeler. 

422. Ji.mima, b. April 11, lS25;d. Aug. 4, 1S84, in Erie Co. ; in, April 5, 1849, R. W. VanDcnsen. 

No issue. 
42^. Cynthia, b. Feb. 10, 1S27; m. April 3, 1853, Otis Sweet. No issue. 

424. Aim. ix Harmon, b. Nov. 28, 1828; d. Jan. 31, 1890; m., 1st, Sept. 11, 1859, Carrie G. 
Mills, of Polo, Illinois, b. Jan. 7, 1829, d. Sept. 5, 1SGS; 2.1, Oct. 5, 1S80, Abbie S. Be- 
dee, of Dixon, Illinois, b. June 1 1, 1S43. Was Vice-President an I Director of the Ply. 
mouth Roller Mill Co., at LeMars, Iowa. No issue. 
425. Fayicttk, b. Jan. 8 1831; m. Oct. 26, 1853, Martin Griffith. 
42R. Ekastus, b. Dec. 11, 1832; d. Oct. 17, 1S35. 
427. Ckaulotte, b. Nov. 10, 1S35; m. May 20, 1S5S, Fayette Corbin. 
42S. Thomas, b. Sept. 28, 1838; in. Sept. 28, 18G4, Eva Wealthy Daley. 

429. BliTSY Apimiiv, b. Feb. '-'7, 1843; d. Juno 6, 1881; m. June 2G, 1SGG, Dr. Thomas 1). Stur- 


430. John Coknbuus, b. Dec. 20, 1814; in. June G, 1867, Ellen Leuthera Squires. 

1GS Elizabeth 7 Treat (Thomas, 6 Timothy, 6 Richard,' Thomas, 3 Richard,- Rich- 
ard 1 ), born Apr. 1, 1798, probably in or near St. Albans, Vt. ; died Jan. 27, 1S-11 ; mar- 
ried Oct. 14, iSi'0, Isaac How, who resided and died in Colden, Erie county, N. Y. 
Children of Isaac and Elizabeth How, born in Colden : 
431. Daughter,* b. Sept. 1, 1821; d. Sept. 7, 1821. 

43-'. Thomas Palmer, b. Aug. 11,1822; (dead): in. ,Snsau Thompson. Was a U.S. 

patent lawyer, and resided in Brooklyn, N. Y. Had three children : 

1. Hartley 9 How, b. . 

2. Lucius P. lb ov, b. . 

3. Etta How, I), . 

ir.?,. Maris Jemima, b. Nov. 23, 1S25; d. May 17. 1875; m. Sept. 1, 1846, Charles F. Stanclift. 
They resided in North Collins, N. Y. Was a mechanic. Had nine children b. in Col- 
den and Collins, N. Yi 

1. Daur/hter, 3 b. dune 1, IS47; d. in infancy. 

2. Marian Elizabeth Stanclift, b. April 17, 1849; in. May IS, 180.",, Albert- Hicks. 

Reside in North Collins. Had eight children, b. in Concord, Hamburg and 
North Collins: 

1. Olive M.'" Hicks, b. April V, 186S. 

2. Ella M. Hicks, b. May 11, 1873. 

3. Cory M. Hicks, b. Marcli 29, 1876; d. .Tone ], 18S2. 

4. Myrtle Hicks, ^ jd. Feb. 1', 1SS0. 

5. Myrton Hicks, \ bl Jan - -'"'' l879; Jd. March 7, 1879. 

6. Leroy A. Hicks, b. April G, JS82. 

7. Guerney !".. Ilicks, b. Marcli 17, 1885. 

8. Aaron Hicks, b. Aug. 5, 1887. 


8. Amina 3-y-li'i Stanelift b. May 8, 1852; m. April 4, 1S75, Abram V. Divine, is 
a carpenter and resides in East Aurora, Eric Co., N. Y. Have lour children, 
b. in Elma, Hamburg ami East Aurora. 

1. Jennie M." 1 Divine, b. July 8, 1S7G. 

2. Laura B. Divine, b. Oct. G, 1878. 

3. Charles A. Divine, b. Dec. 9, 18S0; a. June 27, 1882. 

4. Clarence H. Divine, b. March 17, 1882; rl. Dec. 4. 1887. 

4. Mary Hortense Stanclift, b. Oct. 10, 1855; in. May 10, 1880, Samuel N. Reeve. 

5. Charles Willard Stanclift, b. Sept. 4, 18D8; d. May 17, 1S59. 

6. Jennie Marie Stanclift, b. J:iu. 7, 1SG0. 

7. Minnie Stanclift, • t 

8. Willard Charles Stanclift, V 
0. Nettie Candace Stanclift, b. Auj;. 2s, I8C8. 

b. Oct. 10, 18G3. 

200 Amaziah"' Treat (Cornelius, 5 Timothy, 5 Richard* Thomas, 3 Richard? Rich 
ore? 1 ), born April 12, 171)0. in Al ford, Berkshire county, Mass. ; died in Hie spring of 
1819, in southern Illinois; married Sept. 17, 1809, Sally Colvin, who died Nov. 2G, 
185-1, in Rock county, Wisconsin. When lie was four years old, Mr. Treat's parents re- 
moved to Mendon, Monroe county, N. Y. In addition to assisting his father on the f'ai in. 
he obtained a good common school education. Was married when less than twenty years 
old, and remained in Mendon till about 1813, when he removed to Angelica, Allegany 
county. In the spring of 1819, he went to southern Illinois hoping to better bis con- 
dition, but died there from a severe attack of brain fever. The widow with four small chil- 
dren relnrned to her lather's house in Mendon, where she. gave them all the attention she 
could in the way of education. In the fall of 183C, she removed to New London, Hu- 
ron county, Ohio, with her children, and subsequently to Rock county, Wis., where she 
died. Although the youngest of the family is now more than seventy years old, they have 
never been long separated, but live very near each other on the most intimate and friendly 

Children, the first two born in Mendon, the others in Angelica; 

43-1. Diadema," b. .Tunc 8, 1810; m. Sept. 7, 1831, Heman Banitt. 

435. Sauah, b. Feb. 37, 1813; a. July 30, 1890; in. Sept. S, 1831, Benjamin Park. 

430. ConsEUUs Moktijibis, b. April 25, 1S17; m. Ann. 2'J, 1841, Phebe Alvira Curtiss. 

437. Charlotte, b. June 1, 1819; m. March 10, 183S, Joel Miner. 

201 Haimall 7 Treat (Cornelius 5 Timothy 5 Richard* Thomas 3 Richard? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born July 30, 1791, in Alford, Mass.; died May 3, 1832; married , Dan- 
iel Fall. 

Children of Daniel and Hannah Fall : 

438. George 8 , b. ■ — . 

439. J'i'axklin, b. . 

440. WlIXIAM, b. . 

441. Blli.kick, b. . 

442. liian, b. . 

443. Esther, b. . 

202 Ruth 7 Treat (Cornelius 5 Timothy, 5 Richard* Thomas, 3 Richard," Richard 1 ), 

born Feb. 12, 1793, in Alford, Mass. ; died ; married about 1810, Mosks McClel- , a fanner, lie resided in Mendon, Monroe county, for many years, and then emigra- 
ted to southern Indiana. All traces of the family have been lost. 


Children of Moses and liulu McClellan, born in Mention : 

4 1 1. Bridget, 8 I). . 

445., I). . 

4Hi. Ciiari.ks, b. . 

203 Alvm v Treat (Cornelius 6 Timothy, 5 Richard* Thomas* Richard, - Richard*), 
born March 17, 1795, in Mendon, Monroe county, N. Y. ; died Aug. •!, L-S53, in Somer- 
set, Niagara count)', N. V. : married April 1, 1>'17, II innau 1\ Van Ness, who died Oct. 
9, 18G1. He was a runner and resided in Mendon till LS29, when he removed to Yates, 
Orleans comity, N. Y., thence to Somerset., where he died. 

Children, 'he first and second born in Mendon, the others in Yates: 

447. Koukut Rkijcos," b. Dec. ];'.. 1S19; in., 1st, Dec. 10, 1849, Betsey S. Vickevy; 2d, Feb. 

27, 1878, Mrs. Adiliii Arnold. 

448. George Nelson, b. Feb. 10, 1S22; m. Oct. 13, 1853, Kllen C. Hill. 

449. Mercy C, b'. Nov. 28, 1820; m. May 23, 1858, Daniel H. Mend. 

450. Cornelius, b. March 3, 1832; m. April 15, 18(i2, Mary '- Robinson, lie resides in Som- 

erset, and is regarded as one of the best farmers in the comity. No issue. 

451. Amsslia Ci.i'.Mi'Vii.Ni,, b. May 18, 1831 ; d. .May 30, 1S73, in Corl'u, Genesee Co., N. V. 

204 Benjamin Palmer 7 Treat {Cornelius* Timothy 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 
Richard," Richard*), born Any. 12, 1798, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; died July 1 i. 
1828, in Angelica, Allegany Co., X. Y. ; married Aug. 1, 1822, Susan K. Davis, of An- 
gelica, who died Nov. :l, 1851. He remained on his father's farm till his marriage in 182*2, 
when he removed to Angelica, where he also engaged in farming. 

Children born in Angelica: 

452. SusanL. A., 6 b. about 1S23: d. July 25, 1825. 

453. Susan A., b. July 4, 1.825; d. Sept. IS, 1867; m. Jan. 13, 1842, A, W. Dunkiu. 

454. Mary V., b. Dee. 27, 1826; in. Dec. 25, 1845, Nathan C. Hammond. 
455. Benjamin Palmer, b. Nov. 27, 182S; d. Aug. 7, 1829. 

205 Cornelius Dwelly 1 Treat (Cornelius, 6 Timothy 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Rich- 
ard, 3 RicJiard 1 ), horn April 18, 1801, in West. Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; died Nov. 2, 
1851, in Belmont, Laporte Co., Indiana ; married Jan. 5, 1S23, in Palmyra, N. Y., Aman- 
da Skinnkh, born April 10, 1801, at Saratoga, X. Y., died July 27, 1874, at Hannibal, 
Missouri. Mr. Treat was a millwright by trade, and considered to be a very skilful me- 
chanic, lie was a member of the Baptist church, and a deacon of the same at Xiles, 

Children : 

456. Charlotte Jam:/ b. Nov. 21, 1823, at Palmyra, N. Y ; d. April 5, 1847; in. Sept. 22, 1815, 

Rev. George V. Tenbrooke. 

457. Charles Goodman, b. Feb. 19, 182G, at Middleburgh, N. \'. ; d. Any. 7, 1880; in. May 5, 

IS.) I, OlllOO Mead. 

458. Cojiniclius Amv/.imi, b. April 15, 1828, at West Bloom Held, >7. T. ; m. .Tune 13, 1850, l.u- 

einda C. Renioli. 
45f>. Benjamin Palmer, b. Dee. 20, 1830, at Mendon, N. 5 . ; d. Aug. 9,1871; in. ,1851, 

Clarissa Butler. 
4.60. John Jay, b. Dec. 12, 1831, at Yates, Oilcans Co., N. i\ ; m. Nov. It, 1SC0, Elizabeth .lane 

. 461. 11i:i.i:n, b. Sept. :i, 1838, at Superior, Michigan; d. Oct. 22, 1838, at Superior. 

20G Ellery Sanford 7 Treat (Cornelius, 6 Timothy 5 Richard, 4 Thomas* Richard, 
Richard*), horn Oct. J, 1803, at Mendon, near Rochester, Monroe Co., X. Y. ; died Feb. 


10, ]K70, in Milwaukee, Wise; married, lirsi, April 13, 1 830, Margaret Coulson, who 
died Deo. 24, 1850;second, Nov. G, 1855, Mrs. Charlotte Gariugus. A tan early age 
Mr. Treal left the (arm to teach school, and followed that occupation all his life. lie was 
principal of the public schools in Rochester from the beginning of the sy3tem till advanc- 
ing age unfitted him for the position. In I.SG7, lie removed to Milwaukee, and lived with 
his son till his death. 

Children born in Rochester: 

4G2. Harriet Amelia, p b. Oct. 16, 1833; in. .Jacob Brazeo. Reside (1886) in Rochester, 

and have three daughters. 
40;i. Gkokgk Ei.lkry, b. June 15, 183G; in.,' 1st, Hoc, 1800, Eliza Coulsou; 2d, Aug. IS, 1880, 
Martha Bigolow. 
464. Margaret, b. June 5j 18-12; in, Nov.. 1871, Andrew Erliart. lias one son and two daugh- 
Hud two oilier children who died under live years old. 

207 Noah Nelson 7 Treat (Cornelius,* Timothy* Richard, 4 Thomas* Richard* 
Richard 1 ), born Jan. 26, 1806, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; died Feb. 28, 187S, in 
Mention ; married, first, Oct. 3, 1833, Harriet Armstrong, of Pittsford, Monroe Co., N. Y., 
who died May 12, 1841 ; second, Nov. 1, 1843, Mary Ann Ayers, of Arkport, Steuben 
Co., N. Y., who died before her husband. When a young man Mr. Treat learned the 
trade of I) painter, but was obliged to give it upas it, injured his health, lie then went 
to work on his father's farm, of which he became the owner upon his death in 1847. 

Children, born in Mendon, by his first marriage: 
4r,r,. EsTriEis Ann," b. Nov. 16, 1835; rii. March 12, 1859, Charles Tallmadge, a farmer, who re- 
sides in Mendon. No issue. 

466. Adelaide, b. April 30, 1837; in. Dec. 1, 1859, Elishn I). North. 

467. Harriet Palmer, b. .May 8, 1841 ; m. Feb. 4, 1858, Edward Cady. 

208 Dr. John Jay 7 Treat (Cornelius, Timothy, 5 Ricliard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard* 
Richard 1 ), born May 23, 1808, in Mendon, .Monroe Co., N. Y. ; died Aug. 0, 1852, in 
Rochester, N. Y. ; married .April 13, 1835, Clarissa Strong, born Kept. 7, 1807, and 
daughter of Dr. Ezra and Betsey (Dunning) Strong, of Scipio, N. Y. lie graduated at 
the Berkshire Medical Institute, Pittslield, Mass., in 1835. Was a physician in Edwards- 
bnrgh, Mich., from 1835-1842. Was a celebrated physician and surgeon in Rochester 
from 1842-1852, and died there during the cholera epidemic the latter year. At that time 
he was city physician, and for weeks never undressed, but remained in his office day and 
night ready to answer any anil every call at a moment's notice. Finally, he was stricken 
down himself. The newspapers of that date speak of his heroic services and noble self- 
sacrifice in caring for the sick during that dreadful scourge, lie was a devoted Christian. 

Children, the first two born in Edwardsburgh, the others in Rochester: 
403. Jay Strong," b, Mny 25, 1S36; in. Miiy 6, 18G2, Amelia Munn Parker. 
4G9. 1''i:ank. b. Aug. 5, 1S40; d. June 28, 1850. 

470. EMMA.b. .tune 1, 1843; d. July (., 1843. 

471. Bona Jank, 1). Nov. 9, 1844; in. W. A. Morse. Resides in Minneapolis, Minn. No issue. 
172. Clarissa Strong, b. May 21, 1817; d. -\nii- 22, 1849. 

209 Joseph Randolph 7 Treat (Cornelius* Timothy, 5 Richard* Thomas? Rich- 
ard,- Richard 1 ), born duly 'II, 1810, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; died July 8, 1868, 
in Milwaukee, Wise. ; married Oct. 20, 1830, in Pen field, Monroe Co., N. l r ., Caroline 
Williams, who died .May 17, 1865. Alter leaving Mendon, he settled in Toronto, Canada, 


as early :is 1834. He removed to Nilcs City, Mich., about 1838, whore lie was a black- 
smith, and afterwards to Milwaukee, Wise., where he engaged in mechanical and mercan- 
tile pursuits. Was in the wholesale jewelry business. He erected si line block on East 
Water street. In politics he was a stricl Democrat who never cut the ticket. Accumu- 
lated a fortune. 
Children, the Srst two born in Toronto, the third in Miles City: 

473. Husky C., b b. 183-1 ; m. March 10, 185S, Kale A. I'm nam. 

474., M., I). April S3, 1837; in. Dec. 15, 1859, George Redfleld Chittenden. 

473. John ItOM'li, b. June 7, 1839; mini. He resides in Kansas City, Missouri, and is engaged 
in the Land, Loan and Insurance business. His genial and manly character lias won 
the confidence of nil. Is quite wealthy. 

211 Malina 7 Treat( Ebenezer? Timothy, 5 Richard? Thomas? Richard* Richard*), 
born Oct.. 12, 1794, in Alford, Mass. ; died May 27, 1841, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. V.; 
married April 22, 1813, Philander Chamberlain of Mendon. 

Children of Philander and Malina Chamberlain, born in Mendon : 
•170. Piiilhtus," b. Nov. 26, 1614: in Dec. 31, 1837, Julia Barnes. Is a farmer and resides in 

477. Philandkk T., b. Oct. 15, 1S1G; m. Sept. 8, 1842, Mary 11. Tultle. Besides near Hastings, 


478. Uanxau L.,b. Jan. 10, 1S23: m. May 15, 1851, Dr. Daniel T. Webster, of East Bloomfleld, 

N. Y., wlio d. April 30, 1880. She now (IS87J resides with her sister, Mrs. Esther A. 
Pride, at Iloneoyc Falls, N. V. 

479. Malina J-, b. Oct. 8, IS27; in. , Henry M. Towne, who d. Oct. 25, 1844. She now 

resides on her farm in Chippewa Co., Wise. 

480. ESTHER A., b. Sept. 20, 1829; in., 1st, Aug. 22, 1848, Henry Boardinan, who the army, 

Nov., 18G5, during the Rebellion; 2d, Dec. J.".. 1S7G, AsaPride, n prominent hardware 
merchant of Honeoye Falls, X. Y. She had two children by her first marriage: 

1. Allie" Boardinan, b. . 

2. Melville M. Boardinan, 1). . 

481. IIamu.n 'J'., b. Nov. is, 1831; in. Nov. 24, 1857, Mary Almanda Towne. They reside in 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

212 Esther 7 Treat ( Ebenezer? Timothy? Richard, 4 Thomas? Richard? Richard*), 
born Oct. 15, 1797, in Mendon, Monroe Co., X. Y. ; died April 23, 1883, in Mendon; 
married , Belamv Claflin, who died some time previous to his wife. As the fam- 
ily records were destroyed by lire it is impossible to give full particulars in regard to this 

Children ofBelamy and Esther Claflin, horn in Mendon : 

482. IIavimui,' I). ;d. ; in., 1st, about 1855, Libbie North, who a. in Hastings, 

Minn., where he settled leaving one son; 2d, , .Mrs. LaDuc. He now re- 
sides at Eureka Springs, Arkansas. 

483. Esther M., b. ; d. ; m. Hiram Miinson, of East Bloomfleld, X. Y. Both are 

now dead. No issue. 
4S4. Hannah, b. ; <\. ; in.. , Everard Palmer, or Buffalo, N. Y. She lived 

but about a year after her mai riage. 
485. Exii! S-, b. : d. ; ill. , Everard Palmer, after the death of her sister. 

She too died early leaving a so,, . 
1. Harlow 8 Palmer, b. , who resides with his lather in Buffalo. 

213 Jemima 7 Treat (Ebenezer? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? Richard? Rich- 
ard*), born Dec. 25, i-SOO, in Mendon, Monroe Co., X. Y. ; died Nov. 23, lsTi', in 


Clinton, Rock Co., Wise; married Aug. 15, 1819, Charles Curtiss, in Mention, who 
died Aug. 6, 18G5, in Ruggles, Ashland Co., Ohio. They resided on their fiinn in 
Mendon most of the Lime up to 1832, when they emigrated lo Ruggles. Some time after 
the death of her husband she went to live with hor daughter Phebe Alvira who had married 
Cornelius Moi-timci- 6 Treat, in Clinton, where she dud. 

Children of Charles and Jemima Curtiss, the lirst three born in Moscow, Livingston 
Co., N. Y., the fourtli in Mendon, the others in Ruggles: 

48G. Cybenius Treat, 8 I). July 1, 1820; m. Jan. 25, 185:1, Juliet McCtimber of Belviderc, III. 
In the spring of 1810, lie went lo California ami remained two .years. Resides (1837) 
near Clinton, Wise. Has one son: ' 

1. Charles Ei'i win n Curtiss, b. , who is a professor in the Normal school at 

Madison, Dakota. 
•1ST. Emily Maiiiah, b. Jan. 28, 1822; in. Jan. 1, 1813, John \V. Gates, who d. in the fall of 
180S, in Hock Co , Wise. After living for sonic years in New Loudon, Ohio, and vicinity, 
they emigrated to northern Indiana, thence to Rock Co., Wise. She now (1887) re- 
sides wiili her youngest dan. in Chicago, III. Has three children. 

1. Sierra Nevada 9 Gates, b. . 

2. Charles Mortimer Gales, b. . 

3. Ida Eveline Gates. I). . 

488. riiKBE Alviua, b. Feb. 7, 1824; m. Aug. 29, is 1 1, Cornelius Mortimer 8 Treat. See No. 

489. Em-NK/.i-.i: ITamlix. b. Get. 0, 1S28; m. Oct. 27, 18G4, Mattie E. Phillips, who d. May 24, 

1870. He is a photographer, and resides at Whitewater, Wise. 

490. Esthui! JaNK, I) March 2, 1833; m. , Humphrey Clark. Resides now (1887) near 

ShopK-nt, Rock Co., Wis.-. 
49!,. Daxiicl W. : b. Kent. 5, 1835; d. May 10, 1SSI, in Helena, Montana; m., aboutlSCa, Mrs. 
Sarah Griggs of New London., Oliio. In the spring of 18G2, lie went to Montana. After 
remaining a few years he returned and married his wife, with whom he returned to He- 
lena, Montanfi, where he amassed considerable property. 

492. Charlks l.r.Mis, b. Nov. 5, 1837; d. Dec. 31, 18S2, in Florida; in. in the fall of lS79,Eva 

Osburu, of Turtle, Rock Co., Wise. He was reared a fanner, but prepared himself fora 
teacher, which position he occupied successfully for many years Jn 18G1, he enlisted 
for three years as a soldier, and upon the expiration of his term of service he returned 
and again enlisted, and served to the end of the war. Resided in New London, Ohio, 
till Dec, 1882, when he left for Florida to attend a brother who was very sick there. 
Soon after his arrival lie was taken violently sick, and d. on the 31st of the month, 
leaving a wife and two small children. 

493. William Park, b. May 29, 1841; in. , Louisa Fish. Was reared a farmer, but at 

present (1RS7) is a successful manufacturer in New London, Ohio. Has one dan. : 
1. Mattie'' Curtiss, b. . 

214 Park 7 Treat (Ebenezer* Timothy, 5 Richard* Thomas, 3 Richard, 5 Richard 1 ), 
born Nov. 9, 1804, in .Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; died Oct. 10, 1880, in Nortlifield, 
Washtenaw Co., Mich., where he was residing with his son and daughter; married June 
22, LS27. SorillA Huhkv, who died .Inly i.', 1852. lie was a fanner, and resided for some 
years in Mendon, whence lie emigrated to northern Indiana, and afterwards to Miehi- 

Rcsides in Nortlifield, Mich., and has twelve 

Children born in Mendon : 
■101. OkinB., 8 !). Nov. 12, 1829; m. , — 

405. Mauy, b. Feb. !, 1833; in. Jan. 1, 1855, James Rogers. Resides in Northfleld, has two 

40G. Hami.iv, I). June 21, 1817; d. Jail. 17, 18G5, in the army. 


215 Ebeiiezer Hamlin' Treat {Ebenezer, Cl Timothy," Richard," Thomas, 3 Rich- 
ard,* Richard 1 ), born Nov. 16, 1808, in Mendon, Monroe Co, X. Y. ; died .Ian. 21, I8fi7, 
in Rock Co., Wise.; married, April 19, J832, Ferkkt Newcomb, daughter of Hezektah 
mikI .Airs. (Leet) Newconib (see Newcoinb Genealogy), who resides in Clinton. Wise. He 
was :i fanner, and resided in Mendon, lill Oct., 1833, when lie removed to Huron Co., 
Ohio, and again in the fall of 1845, to Turtle, Rock Co., Wise. The postoflk-e of that 
town is at Shopiere. 

Children, the. first born iii Mendon, three in Huron Co., and the two youngest in 
Turtle: . 

497. WiMini M uicus," '>. An;;. 0., 1833*; m . Oct. 31, JSflO, Jenn< ttc C. Bradley. 

4C8. Mahy Louisa, l>. Oct. 1!. 1835; in. April 19, 18G0, Eiljinv K. Hatch. 
4W. Mm ton Paiik, b. Sept. 21, 1837; in., 1st, Sept. 17. ISG3, Fausta A. Conklln, who cl. Oct. 
25,1860; 2il, Sept. 14, 18G8, Mrs. Catharine J. Saxton. His resides in Clinton, ; Wise. 

500. Hail, I). Sept. 10, 1st;'.; in. Sept. :;(., 18(10, Elleii J. Cuse. 

501. Cakoi im. K., 1). Jan. 15, 1850; in. May 14, 1874, Wayluuil M. Newell. 

502. Empiikss M. !-'., b. Aug. 5, 1854; m. Oct. 9, 1879, James L. Pmigboru. 

217 Alvin 7 or Alvah Treat {Qiarlcs, 6 9 Thomas, 5 Richanl 4 Thomas? Richard,* 

Richard 1 ), born Sept. 20, 1795, in , N. Y.; died Aug. 17, 1SC5; married .Tan. 1, 

1820, Elizabeth I-Jarkis or Bethel, N. Y., born Dee. 13, 1801, died Jan. 6, 1871. 

603. Elijah I!., s b. Sept 20, 1830; in. , 1805, Florence Giddings of Ashtabula, Ohio. 

Was a soldier in the Rebellion, and was never heard from nfter enlisting. 
50-1. Bkxjamin FiMMii.iN. li. Nov. 2G, 1833; in., 1st, .Inly 4. 1850 Jane Scott.; 2d, April 2, 
1853, Azubtih Ann Congrion; 3d, Jan. 19, 1875, E. Brown. 

505. IIa.waii J., 1). April 5, 1837; m. , 1807, James Brown ofl'ouliac, Mich. 

50G. Sauaii, b. March 24. 1839; d. July 2G, 1878; m. , 1S77, II. M. Gunnison of Pontine, 

507. Mary, b. May 1, 1842; in. , 18G1, L. r. Morse. 

222 Sylvester 7 Treat {Charles* ? Thomas-' Richard 4 Tliomae* Richard* Rich- 
ard 1 ), born July 26, 1806, in , Herkimer Co., N. Y. ; died Nov. 15, 1877,in Na- 
ples, Ontario Co., IS*. Y. ; married June 20, IS'28, Betsey Weuh, born June 12, 1809, 
who now (1888) resides in Binghampton, Broome Co., X. Y. 

Children, the first three born in North Almond, Allegany Co., N. Y.,the fifth and sixth 
in Colebrook, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, Uie seventh in Bloomlield, Trumbull Co., Ohio: 

50S, A. mum w .1 ■ (l win), li. April 10, 1829; in., 1st, , 1852, Emily Nonis ; 2d, Aug. 20, 1SG2, 

Sarah Jane Cook; 3d, April 30, 1SG8, .Mrs. Lucy E. Warner. 

509. Amaxda L. (twin), b. April 10, 1829; m. . 1859, Zenns Wright. 

7,10- Almika, b. March 12, IS31 ; cl. April 3, 1872; in. . 1849, Ezra Webb. 

all. MARY. b. An-. 13, 1S37; <!. June Is. 1870, tit Burr Oak. Mich. 

5i2. Matilda, b. July 17. r.842; d. June 12, 1S75, in Lincoln, Lancaster Co., Neb. 

513. Olive, b. Oct 8. 1849 ; in. July ■ , 1871, William E. Wilbur. Ktsides (1S88) in Bing- 

hampton, N. Y. 

514. Adkuikrt C, I). Oct. 10, 1853; d. Nov. 23, 1874, In Lincoln, Neb. 

225 'Roland 7 Treat {Daniel* ? Tliamas* Richard, 4 Thomas 3 Richard* Rich- 
■ arc" 1 )., born June 10, 1797, in Gorhani, Ontario Co., N. Y. ; died (let. 1, 1876, in Cole- 
brook, Ohio; married July 11, 1822, MklINDA Coll. who died Sept. 18, 1881. In 1830, 
he removed from New York, and settled in Ashtabula Co., Ohio, when- is now the town 
of Colebrook. 11 was a wilderness then, and he was among the first settlers, ownino; oris:- 


inally 1200 acres of land. lie endured all the privations of frontier life, but finally se- 
cured a competence, lie was prominent in educational and religions matters, and was 
one of the organizers of the Baptist Church in Colebrook in 1836. 
Children, the first four born in Gorham, the others in Colebroolc : 
515. Eucy J3., s b. May 15, 1823; m. April 25, 1844, Jarins Miller, who d. in California about 

1849. Had line'- children. She now resides in Chicago and is a nurse. 
51G. M iky Ann, b. Dee. 27, 1824; in. Aug. is. 1H47, George Guild. 

517. Oscak F., b. Dec. 8, 1S26; m., 1st, Dec. 15, 1817, Lydia A. Cleveland; 2.1, Nov. 3, 18G7, 
Susan A. Stnlts. 

518. Jonathan Com:, b. 4ug. 31, 1828; m. Jan. 8, 1847, Lucinda M. Alger. 

519. Statikau II., I>. Nov. 1G, 1831; u. March 27, 1885; in. Dee. 31, 1847, William Holcomb. 

Ku issue. 

520. William Hknky, b. Sept. 29, IS: 1 1 ; m., 1st, , 1858, Mary Lovelanu; 2d, , Ann 


521. Ashley K., b. June 9, 1837; d. .Inly 27, 1839. 

522. Hannah M., b. July 7. 1840; m. March 2G, I8G3, F. F. Webb. Has one child. 
u--3. Caroline A., b. Oct. 31, 1843; ci. Sept. 2, 1875; iu. Oct. 1, 1874, Jolm Hull. 

230 Lyman 7 Treat (AsJibel* Ashbel. 5 Richard, 11 Thomas, 3 Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), 

born Dec. 18, 17oG, in ; died , :;t Tort Byron, Cayuga Co., N. Y. ; married, 

first, — — , ; second, , Clauissa Hayoen, of Port Byron. 

Children, born in Port Byron, by his first marriage: 

624. Hiram Francis. 8 b. Nov., 1816; d. Nov. 2, 1876; m., 1st, , Emeline 0. Tuell; 2d, 

Oct. 20. 1857, Famelia Sims. 
By his bi cond marriage : . 

525. Henry, b . 

o'-'O. EGBERT, b. ; (1. ; unm. 

527. Clarissa, b. ; in. , Monroe. 

235 Justus 7 Treat (Ashbel* Ashbel, 5 Richard,* Thomas, 3 Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), 
born July 8, L795, in Throopviile, near Auburn, Cayuga Co., X. Y. ; died March 11, 1 S4 .";, 
in Throopville ; married, lirst, ■, 1817, Piieue Mix, who died Dec. 1, IS36, in Throop- 
viile; second. , 1839, Caroline Miller, who died Feb. 11, 1869, in Tanawunda, 

Erie Co., X Y. Was a school teacher. 

Children boin in Throopville, by his first marriage: 

528. ADXLTNI2 s b. July Ifi, 1818; d. June 25, 182:). 

529. Josiaic, b. ; d. young. 

530. Saka.'I Cokkei ia, b. (.>et. 2, 1822; n). , Hezekiah Rose. Reside in Caro, Tuscola 

Co., Midi. Have five children. 

531. Wakhek Auotjsius, b. Feb 27, 1828; in. Nov. 1, 1855, Ab'oy S. Goodrich. 

532. TiiakdeuS Justus, b. Jan. 13, 182,3; in. June 7, 18G8, Mrs. Elizabeth Monimia (Locke) 


By his second marriage : 

533. Benjamin Miller, b. Oct. 1«J, 1S40; m. Feb. 22, 1SG7, Elizabeth Flckard. 

534. William Asiiuel, b Sept. 16, 1843; d. March 8, 1882. 

535. Hi -su\, b. Jan. J, 1815 Resides Spring Creek, Williams Co., i'enn. 

23G James D. 7 Treat (Ashbel* Athbd* Ridiard,* Tfiomis, 3 Richard 2 Richard'), 

born April 27, 1797, in Throopville, near Auburn. N. i. ; died Sept., 18G7, in ; 

married, first, , Betsici McKensky, of New Mil ford, I'enu., who died Jifn. S, 1849; 



second, March 28, 1852, Ki.r.KN L. Wki.lman, born Feb. 27, 1834, in Now Mil Turd, Susque- 
hanna Co., I'viiii., and daughter of Calvin Wcllman. Mr. Trent was a very large man, six 
feet roiu- inches in height, and weighing 275 pounds, lie was proprietor of the United Slates 
Hotel in All. any, X. Y., in 18-13, and lost quite a fortune there. Afterwards kept hotels 
in Carbondale, Penvr., and in 1*52, in New Milford. Was the lirst to engage in coal mining 
in Carbondale. Was also a railroad contractor. Mrs. Ellen L. Treat is a matron on Black- 
well's Island, N. Y. harbor, and lias furnished me with the above information. 

Children, the first five born in Auburn, N. Y., the sixth at Now Milfoid, the others in 
Stroudsburg, Monroe Co. Penn., by lu.s first, marriage : 

."•:.:. am," b. ; d. , 1861, in Scranton, l'enu. ; umn. 

537. Lewis, b. ; in, Jan. 8, 18(30, Decker, in Stroudsbui'gh. 

538. Hikam. b. j in. . Resided in Scranton. 

.Mi:'. Ei.iz.uiE'in, b. : in. . 

540. LoriSA, b. ; la. . 

By his second marriage : 

541. Emma., b. Aug. 10, 1S53; d. Aug. 15, 18G5. 

542. James P., b. June 25, 1S55; d. May 17, lSGi. 
548. Emii.k A., b. Sept. 20. 1857; in. .Inly 1, 1879, ■ 

maker, 22G3 2d Avenue. 

54 I. Sidm-.v W., b. Jan. .'.. 18G1 ; m. July i, 1SS4, 

Mann, in New York city. Is a slioc- 
-. Resides in Iowa. 

241 Hiram 7 Treat {John ,' J „ I*7i6e7, s Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard* Richard^) , bom 
Feb. 14,1791, in Lebanon, N. Y. ; died March 17, 1837, in Albany, N. Y. ; married, first, 

, ElanorCole, born June 14. 1793, died Jan. 9, 182-1 ; second, Nov. 19, 1825, Mak- 

gahi i 1 i s.u icxiseck, born Feb. 12, 179G, died Feb. 2G, 1811 . lie was a shoemaker, and re- 
sided in Albany. 

Children, born in Albany, bj his first, marriage: 
545. Maiiy Ann,' b. Au;, 28,lSlG;d. Mardi-t, 1840; in. July 17, 1835, Gordon Alonzo Raymond, 

of Rochester, N. Y. They had two children. 
54G. IIexuy Gi.i-.NiM'wi.K, b. I>ec. 1, 1818; d. about 1SG0, in Honolulu, Sandwich Islands; num. 
517. Caholixk, b. Jan. 8, 1S21 • d. Jan. 20, 1821. 

548. J IM.KS MONTGOMERY, b. Eeb. 20, 1822; il. Sept. 3, 1823. 
By iiis second marriage : 

549. Kl.AXOn Majjia, b. May 21, 182G; A. Feb. 7. 1S28. 

550. II inxau Mama, b. Dec 5, 1S28; m. Jul) 14, 184G, James A. Boughtoii. 

551. Isaac Newtox, b. Oct 30, 1S31 ; <l. Dec. 18, 1838. 

552. James, h. July is, 1S34; d. May 20, 1S3G. 

553. M UiC.Aiircr An.v. b. March 30, 1837 ; in. Nov. 1G, 1858, Welles Warner Montague. 

217 Sophia 7 Treat (Moses, 3 Ashbel* Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard.- Richard 1 ), 
born June 27, 180G, in or near Auburn, X. Y. ; died Oct. 25, 18G9, in , N. Y. ; mar- 
ried March 1, 1827, 1sm.iv Douglass, born .lime G, 1802, died . in Brutus, Cayuga 

Co., N. Y., and s<m ol George and Hannah (Ward) Douglass, of Cayuga Co. lie mar- 
ried, second, June 1*. 1870, Ann S. Christman, of Oswego, N. Y. 
Children of Insley and Sophia Douglass : 

554. 11. Cauotjxe," b. May '.'7. 1828; in.. 1st, .William Williams, of Hannibal, X. Y. ; 2d, 

. Henry Weed, or Hannibal. 

B55. Amaxiia l.oi is.v, b. July 27, 1830; in. Nov. 30, 1831, Sunftml Compson, b. Sept. 25, 1SI", 
in Tyro, Seneca Co., N. V. 

550. Kanxy Jaxe, b. April 27, 183:1; in. Nov. 20, 1851, Asa Rose, of South Holler, Wayne Co., 

N- v. 


557. .Iri.u II.u>di;n-, l>. April 27, 1831; m. Jin. 15, 1857, Calvin Mead, c.r Butler. 

538. lfi.MAN Tkbat, b. Due. 5, 1836; in. Jan. 1, 1858, Pliebo Mead, or South Duller. Resales 

in Hannibal, Oswego Co., N V. 
559. Lvdh L., b. Dec. 10, 183S; d. May 22, 1841. 
5G0. Lucius In.-i.k.y, b. Feb. 1, IS 1 1 ; in., 1st, Feb. 1, 1802, Amanda Moore, of Butler; 2d, Feb. 

14, 1872, Elsie Cliapin. or Butler. 
5G1. Sarah A., b. Aug. 22, 1S43; d. Feb. — , 1844. 
5G2. FUAXCBsSisvuiA,b. Sept. 21,1847; in. ,1-Ieiirj Wiucgar, of Savannah, Wayne Co., N.Y. 

251 Augustus"' Treat (Aaron,* Ashbel, 5 Richard, 4 TJiomat* Richard* Richard*), 
born Nov. 12, 1796, in or near Auburn, N. Y. ; died July 8, 1870, in Wolcott, Wayne 

Co., N. V., married , Rhoda Casteulain, born Oct. 8, 1793, dim! duly, and 

daughter of Squire and Bethiah (llorton) Caslerlain. Soon after marriage lie removed 
to :; new piece of land in Mentz, about twelve miles northwest of Auburn, X. Y.. where 
he bull! a house which live years after was burnt with all its contents. With the help of 
kind neighbors, he soon built a new house. Alter a ft'w years he sold his ['arm and bought 
a new one in Conquest, near the Seneca river, bill upon the death of his wife's uncle, who 
left her some property in Menlz, he returned to I lie latter place and bought a farm. 
lie also purchased horses which he sold in Albany, X. Y. About 1832-35, he. together 
with his brother, Albert Trent, bought a saw-mill, and shipped the luuibei to Albany, 
lie was very successful in these enterprises. In 1854, he removed to Grand Uapids, Mich., 
but so. mi returned to Woleott, and remained there till his death, where a line monument 
commemorates his memory and that of his wife. They were both buried on July 4, he in 
1870, and she in 1882. They were good and honest people. 

Children born in Menlz : 

5G3. I.oi:t.n 1 udixw, 8 1). April 10,1816; d. Feb. ]l, iss.°. : m. Sept. L':>, Is 10, Hannah Jane Kings- 

504. Almina .1am:, 1' March :'.">, 1818; m. , 1838, Nathaniel Tyler Barwhite. Removed to 

Mich , Oct. 15, 183S. Children: 

1. Wiiliaui A - Barwhite, b. . 

2. Sarah A. Barwhite, b. . 

3. Hhodn A. Barwhite, b. . 

■1. Alma M. Barwhite, b. . 

5, Catherine Augusta Barwhite, b. ; d. , aged Syrs. 4 mos. 

505. Bhoda Ann, b, Dee. 4, 1820; d. Aug. 8, is.",!. 

5GG. l'ou.v En i, b. Tire-. 29, 1822; d. Jan. 25, 1883; in., 1st, , David Hunter; 2d, , 

Daniel Benedict. Had a soil by first marriage, and a dan. Ida" Benedict, by her second. 

5G7. 1- i: ixm.ix, b. Sept. 6, 1S24; in. , Mary Littell. Had one son, Charles" Treat, 

Mho d. young 

568. MixkhvaT., b Oct. 17, 1825.; d. Jan. 14. 1827. 

569. Clinton Augustus, b. March 2G, 1S2S; d. April 24, 1857; m. , Jane M. Ely. Was a 

wealth} farmer. No issue. 

268 Angelina 7 Tres.t (Elijah* John, 5 Richard 4 Thomas, 3 Richard , a RichanV), 
bom Oct. 18, 1803, in Lenox, Mass. ; died Oct. 20, 1888, in Bristol, Ontario Co., N. Y. ; 
married .Tun. G, lsio, Josiau Ai.Foi'.n, son of Ashley Alford, of Peru, N. Y., who died 
March 3, 1872. She resided in Bristol, N. Y. When young taught school in Chemung 
Co., N. Y. Joined the Methodist Episcopal church in Klmira, N. Y., in 1820. Was a. 
faithful wife and mother, and gave me inueh information in regard to the family. 

Children of Josiah and Angelina Alford, the firstborn in Canandaigua, the second and 
third in South Bristol, the fourth to tin' eighth in I Inward, and the ninth in Bristol Springs, 
N. Y. : 


570. Amanda Alicia," b. Vpr. 10, 1820; in Nov. 13, 1831, Charles A. Briggs, of South Bristol. 
Reside in Bristol, and liave two daughters, b. :il the Springs : 

1. Eveline M. 9 Briggs, b. April 12, 1834. 

2. Lydia Angelina Briggs, b. Aug. 22, 1S57. 

671. RuFUsAV.,b. Sept. 1G, 1828; in. July 3, 1S5G, I'hcdora Crosby, dau. of Ebcneacr Crosby. 
Is a carpenter and joiner by Irade. lias three children, b at Bristol Springs: 

1. Etta A. 8 Alford, b. May 25, IS57; in. Feb 20; 1875, Clark Holcomb, oi Bristol 

Springs, mid son of Hi land Holcomb. Is a farmer, and a mason by trade. IIus 
(I8S7) live children born in Bristol : 

J. Charlton 10 Holcomb, b. May 20, 187G. 

2. Stella I. Holcomb, b. Jan. 17, 1S78. 

3 Grace Holcomb, b. June 20, IS81 

■i. \\ illiam K. Holcomb, b. March 28, 1SS4. 

5. Mabel M. Holcomb, 1). March 13, 1887. 

2. Edgar Alford, b. Apr. 24, 1S02. 

3. Floyd Alford, b. .Jan. 24, ISC!). 

572. HoMicn J., )). May 10, 1831 ; m. Feb. 20, 1802, Luceba Gilbert. Has three sous b. in South 

1. Oscar 9 Alford. b. , 18G3. 

2. Spencer Alford, b. .\va. --. 1SGG Is in Kansas, where lie has taken up a home- 


3. Irvln Alford, b. Nov. 22, ISfiS. 

673. Hannah Ci.AiiissA, b. May 25, 183-1 ; d. July 27, 1S8G, in Saginaw City, Mich.; in. Oct. 3, 
1S52, Lyman Richard Macomber, son of Holder Macomber, of South Bristol, N. V. 
Resides near Freeland, Saginaw Co., Mich. Is a farmer, and a carpenter and a joiner 
by tiade. Has held the office of school commissioner of Saginaw Co. Has furnisher.; 
me with information. 11" has ten children: 

!. Rufas L. 3 Macomber, b. July 31,1853; in. July 4. 1872, Nellie E. Loomis, of 
Freeland. I'psides in East Jordan. Charlevoix Co., Midi. Is a carpenter 
and a joiner bj trad". Has (18S7) six children: 
!. Bessie C. 10 Macomber, b. Oct. 21, 1873. 

2. Kidney II. Macomber, b. March 5, 1875. 

3. Amce Macoinbei . ). . , T .,„ ,. m ( , , 

> twins, b. June 20, Isso: ' dead. 

4. Floyd Macomber, ) c 

5. Winnie Macomber, b. Sep;. 17. 1882. 

C. Richard M. Macomber, b. Sept. 17. 1880. 

2. Myron H. Macomber, b. Nov. 3, 1834. He graduated at the Collegiate Institute 

at, Valparaiso, Iud. Is a stenographer, and resides at East Saginaw City, 

3. Ange M. Macomber, b. March 5, 1S50; d. June 13, ]85f>. 

■i. Ida J. Macomber, b. Sept. 20, ISS'J; in. Oct. 27, 18.sf, Floyd Hubbard. Resides 
In Saginaw Co., Mich. Has (1SS7) one son: 
1. Fred' Hubbard, b. Jul} 20, 1880. 
fi. Elmer Macomber, b. Oct. 25, 1801. 
<;. George Herliert Macomber, b. Dec. 1, 1803: d. Feb. 20, 1S8S. 

7. >\ illard A. Macomber. b. April >l, L805; d. Oct. -J. 1870. 

8. Eflie C. Macomber, h. Aug. 28, 1S0S. 

0. Clifford C. Macomber, b. Sept. 27, ls72. 
10. Leslie E. Macomber b. March ',2. 1875. 

574. Emily J., b. Sept. IG, \*m; : m . May 25, 1852, Kraucis M. Gilbert, son of Aimer W. Gil- 

bert, of Richmond, Ontario Co . X. V. Is a farmer and resides in Canadice, Ontario 
Co.,N. Y. Has two sons born in Eaton Rapids, Mich.: 

i. AbwrW. 8 Gilbert, b. July 1:'., 1 .-:,-.; m. Dec. 24, ISS3, Bertha Reiner, of East 
Btooinfleld, X V. Resides in Victor, Ontario Co., N.Y. Is a jeweller. 

2. Francis M Gilbert, b. Jan. 25, ISO!) : d. June 14, 18S7. Was a line young man. 

575. Alt-mil s 11., b. April !», 183'J; d. Vug. I. 1803, at Bristol Springs, N. Y. ; m. Apr. I. 1801, 

BiciiARn treat: seventh qeneuation. 81 

Lorina Smith, dan. of Russell Smitli. Has one dan. : 

1. Elvy 8 Alford, 1). Jan. 21, 1SG2; in. , 1880, Daniel Mailer, of East Bloom- 
field, N. Y. 
570. 1'i-mnr Ann, b. May 10, 1842; in. Ang. G, 1871, Robert Foote, of Freeland, Mich., and son 
of llcli Foote. Is :i farmer. Mrs. Foote lias taught districl schools in New York and 
Michigan for twenty-one terms. Has one son l>. in Frecland: 
1. Charles Alford 9 Foote, 1). Sept. M, 1S75. 
577. Akgkujs-b 11.. 1). March 8, 1845; d. Oct. 10, 1S48. 

57S. Lo.cs Elviiu, b. Nov. 17, 1847; in. Sept. 22, 1S74, Myron A. Wilkinson, son of Chauncey 
Wilkinson, of Jones ville, Mich. He is a farmer, and by trade a cooper. She has 
taught school seventeen terms in NewiYork and Michigan, lias furnished me with the 
record of the descendants of Elijah Treat. Besides in Ilone.oye, Ontario Co., N. i'. 

269 Edwin E. 7 Treat (Elijah* John, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard* Bichardi), 
born Aug. 25, 1S05, in Coeymans, X. Y. ; died March 29, 1888, .in South Bristol, Onta- 
rio Co., X. Y. ; married Jan. 1, 1831, Jane llrsn, who died Sept. 1, 184.1, and daughter 
of Peter Bush. Resided in South Bristol; was a farmer. 

Daughter born in South Bristol : 

579. MAE'S jANE, B b. Oct. 1, 1835; m. July 4, 1854, Lewis Drown. 

271 Albert L. 7 Treat (Elijah, 5 John, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard* Richard 1 ), 
born March 10, 1809, in Coeymans, Albany Co., X. Y. ; died July 25, 1885, in Bristol, 
X. Y.; married March 6, 1839,-Eveline Hathaway, of Bristol, who was born June 26, 
1818, and still resides on the homestead. lie was a carpenter and joiner by trade, and 
aeeu initiated considerable property. 

Children born in Bristol : 

580. Abelizj Tiuskesa, 8 b. March 19, 1842; in. Nov. 15, 1805, FIcnry C. Simmons. 
581. Nancy } \ blurs, 1). May 27, 1844; m. Oct. 9, 18G7, Henry II. Tubbs. 

272 Minerva Rutb. 7 Treat (Elijah, 6 John, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard,* Rich- 
ard 1 ), born June 20, 1811, in Coeymans, Albany Co., X. Y. ; married Feb. 28,1833, 
Rev. Ron ma Hicks, of Bristol, X. Y., who was horn March 2G, 1808, and son of Jacob 
Hicks. He resides in Malvern, Milis Co., Iowa. • 

Children o/ Rev. Robert and Minerva R. Hicks: 
688. Eras-tits H., a b. ; m. Rhoda A. Tappan. lias eight children : 

J. Lullnr i;.° Hicks, b. ; dead (1887). 

'I. Hollo It. Hicks, h. . 

3. Jane S. Hicks, b. . 

i. Laura M. Hicks, b. . 

5. A\ illiam W. Hicks, b. . 

C. Vinita Hicks, b. . 

7. Eloicc Hicks, b. . 

S. Mary M. Hicks, I). . 

uS'i. Willi i: 8., !). ; dead. 

584. MauyM., b. ; m. — : , John M. Johnson, lias seven children: 

1. lie, in C. Johnson, b. ; dead (18S7). 

2. Homer Johnson, b. ; dead (lssc). 

3. .lames E. Johnson, b. . 

•1. InaG. Johnson, b. . 

5. Maurice M. Johnson, b. . 

C. Susan Johnson, b.- . 

'. John M. Johnson, b. . 

1 l 

82 mcnAUD treat: seventh generation. 

585. T,.u-i;.\ J., b. ; (lead. 

580. Jons N., b. ; dead. 

087. CnAKi.iutW.,b. ; (lend; in. , Fhillis Harrison. Had one child. Wife and child 


588. RohkktM., b. : dead. 

580. James II., b. ; dead. 

274 Richard Sidney 7 Treat (Elijah* John, 5 Richard* Thomas* Richard* Rich- 
ard 1 ), born April 18, 1819, in Elmira, Chemung Co., X. Y. ; married, , 1843, Louisi- 
ana Conaxt. lie enlisted Sept. 4, 18G2, in Co. G, 148th Reg't, N. Y. Vol:?., and 
served during the whole war. Was in eighteen battles, but escaped being wounded, 
though he had bullet holes through the leg;- of his pantaloons, and one through his blan- 
ket. j\t the battle of Fair Oaks he had a narrow escape from being killed, having' been 
knocked down by a stick of wood which was struck by a bursting shell. He served as a 
sharpshooter for some lime. Is a carpentei and joiner by trade. Resides in South Bris- 
tol, N. Y. 

Children, the first and second born in Bristol, the others in South Bristol : 

590. Richard Sidney, 6 b. Oct. 11, 1848; in. April 13, 1SSI, Janie Daniels. Ts n carpentei- and 

joiner in South Bristol. 

591. Fj-owxda, b. Dec. 22, 1S50. 

iV.iu. EstherAxx, b. Jan. 21, ls;>.~; d. July 6, 1S78, and "was buried in Coy cemetery, South 

593. Frederick E., ! b. .Tune 27. 1857; m. Jan., 1883, Cora Crane, dau. of Calvin Crane, of Can- 

andaigua, K. Y., where lie resides. Is a carpenter and joiner. 

27G Charles 7 Treat (Charles, 6 Jonathan/' Charles, 4 Thomas* Richard, 2 Rich- 
ard 1 ), bom March 30, 1781, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Sept. 12, 1851, in Glastonbury 
(gravestone in Buckingham) ; married Jan. 3, 1802, Belinda Andrews, born Oct. 21 , 1780, 
died May 1, 1863, aged eighty-two (gravestone, Buckingham), and daughter of David and 
Rebecca (Stratton) Andrews, of Eastbury Parish, Glastonbury. Mr. Treat was a fanner, 
and lived in that part, of Glastonbury now called Buckingham. Was a member of the Leg- 
islature in I 817. 

Children bom in Glastonbury: 

594. Caholixe 1!..' b. Oct. 31, 1803; a. Jan. 15, 1S75; m. June 2G, 1S22, Oliver Talcott. 
5G5. Edwin Strattox, b. March 2G, 1S10; d. Oct. IS, 1S8S: m. Nov. 27, 1830, Nancy Buck. 
590. Adei.ixe I.., 1>. Nov. 5, 1814; a. April 19, 1S39; in. IX'C. It, 1835, as his 1st wife, John' 
Goodrieli, b. July 20, 1812. d. May 29, 18S5, son of Israel and Harriet (Miller) Good- 
rich. No issue. He in., 2d, Nov. 12, 1S45, Vincey C. Knox. Resided at Plainficld, 

597. V.Mii.iM- Ei.tiiuda, b Dec 20, 1S19; d. May 15, 1S21 (g. s., Eastbury). 

598. Jkikoik F.,b. March 17, 1824; d. Sept. 19, IS47, in Taritt'ville, Conn, (g. s., Buckingham); 


277 David' Treat (Charles, 6 Jonathan, 5 diaries, 4 Thomas,* Richard* Richard 1 ), 
born Nov. '.', 1782, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died March 27, 1824, in Glastonbury (grave- 
stone, Eastbury) ; married, first, Nov. 25, 1MI2, Mili.y Amijjsbws, who died childless Apr. 
17, IM.s, aged thirty-four (gravestone, Eastbury); second, Oct. M. 1818, Cuahlotte 
SiiLiTiun, of East Glastonbury, bom Feb. 8, 1704, died July 13, 1ST'.). For her second 
husband, she married. Nov 4, 1834, Wuitc Hale, who died May 11, IS55, aged eighty- 
one. Mr. 'treat was a farmer in very good circumstances. 

Children, born in Glastonbury, liv his second marriage: 


599. Josur-mxR iluin,' b. Aug. 17, 1819; d. Dec. 26', 1855; m. April 17, 1833, Cornelius C. 


600. iMvm Siirwkiid, b. Feb. 13, L321 ; cl. .lime 10, 1SS0 ; m. Sept. G, 1853, Eliza -\. Morgan. 

278 Ruth 7 Tl'eat (Cltarles? Jonathan, 5 Charles,* Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), 
born Doc. ■!, 1784, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Dec. — , 1*7:.', aged eighty-eight (grave- 
stone in South Glastonbury), or Nov. 24, 1ST;!, according to llollister Genealogy ; married 
Feb. 9, 1804, in Manchester, Conn., Era IIolhster, baptized Maj' JO, 1782, died Sept. 
18, 1872, aged ninety-one years, four months (gravestone in South Glastonbury), and 
son of Israel and Sarah (Skinner) llollister.' See Mollister Genealogy. 

Children of Eli and Ruth llollister, born in Glastonbury; they are of the seventh gen- 
eration in the llollister line : 

CGI. Pahismvs Eli," b. Sept. 24,1804; il. Dec, 1888; m. , Mary (or Maria) M. Neau. 

Resided (1887) in Wethorsfield. 

002. Dor.OTin Matilda, b. Sept. 2S, 1806; m. , Capt. Asa. Piper. Resides in Manches- 

ter, Conn. 

003. .!i lia Kimin',, 1). Ang. G, 180S ; d. ; m. , Fredus Reed. 

COt. Claiussa Louisa, b. Juni 27, 1810. 

605. DiviSUT 8., b. May 1. 1812. 

600. Baiszii lai &.A11K, b. July 3, 181 1 ; m. , Ann Bard. 

GOV. HunsoM Goodwin, b. Auk. 28, 181G; ru., 1st, , 1S43, Cypha Hodge; 2d, Nov. 12, 

1850, Ann Hills. 
COS. Elizaiseth Mh.i.s, b. May 31, 1819; cl. Dec. 14, 1852; m. , James Terry of Tcrry- 

ville. He in., 2d, Oct. 20, 1853, Valeria 8 Treat. 

009. Ass, b. March 20, 1821 ; d. ; unm. 

CIO. I.ivima, 1). .May 21, 1824 ; m. , Alfred Holcomb of Granby, Conn. 

Gil. Cri.iA Cai.ista, b. March 21, 1827; d. in childhood. 

273 Leonard 7 Treat {Charles? Jonathan, 5 Charles? Thomas? Richard? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born May 1, 1787, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Aug. 17, 1861 (gravestone in 
Buckingham), in Glastonbury; married Nov. 25, 1807, Abigail Welles, who died Nov. 
20, 1S7G (gravestone, in Buckingham), and daughter of Samuel Welles, of Wethersfield, 
Conn. Was a farmer. 
Children, born in Glastonbury: 
612. Hamkiet A., 8 1). Dec. 25, 1809; cl. July 18, 1887; in., lsf, Xov. 11, 1828, John N. Loonier; 

2d, March 25, 1832, Andrew Strickland; 3d, , Chester Tyler. 

613. William, b. . Is a physician in Salem, Illinois. 

614. Cl Yitiss.v, l.i. about 1812; cl. Dec. 28, 1831, nged 20; m. Nov. 25, 1S29, Andrew Strickland. 

615. Leo.naud Welles, b. about 181G; d. Dec. 21, 181G; m., 1st, Jan. 11, 1835, Fidelia Goslec; 

616. Sa.mi i.i Clinton, 1). July 19, 1830; in. Dec. 31, 184.°,, Catharine Mary Weir. 

617. James Watson, b. July 14, 1824; d. Aug. G, 1857; in. Dee. 9, 184G, Hannah Maria Goslec. 

280 Jared 7 Treat {Charles? Jonathan? Charles? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), 
born Ang. G, 1789, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Feb. 11, 18o3, in Glastonbury; married 
Jan. 21, 181G, Ann Cokey Wadswohtii, of Hartford, Conn. He was a shipbuilder and 

Children born in Glastonbury: 
CIS. Eliza Ann, 8 b. Nov. 29, 1R1G: d. Oct. 2G, JR24. 

610. IIauuis HKXitT, b. Aug. fi, 1S18; in., lsf, Oct. •(, 1841, Sarah Bingham; 2.1, March 19, 
1845, Hannah Forbes; 3d, .May 11, 1853, Clarissa Booth. 

84 KICIIAUD tkkat: seventh oksbkation. 

C20. Aivsox ii. Kov. 20, 1820; 111. March IS, 1845, Mcndana House. No issue. Is a carpenter 
and farmer. Heshlcs in East Glastonbury. 

C21. IUaki Ruack, b. Dee. 20, 1822; cl. July 31, 18-15 (g. «■ Buckingham) ; m. Oet. 5, ls-t:'., licv. 
Aaron Snow, for iw cnty-flve years minister in ICasllmry Parish, now lluekinghani, Glas- 
tonbury, lie was b. June 2(>, 1801, al Saybroolc, Conn.; grad. at l'alc in is:).">, and at 
the Theological Seminary eonncetcd villi ii in 183S; was called to Glastonbury, Oct., 
1840, and ordained April 28. 1841, in Deep Hirer, Conn. For Ins first wile he in. 

Sarah , who d. 1841, aged 28y. Cm. (Buckingham Church Kccords). Had two 

daus. i 

1. Mary II." Snow,b. ; ra. , John Brown oi Fort Jefferson, Long Island. 

2. Jane Sr.ov, . b. . . 

f!22. Adxa, b. Feb. 0, 1825; d. Xov. 11, 188] : m Oet. 21, 1SI0, Susan ('. Chapman 

623 Maoth* Ann-, b. Feb. C, i82S; in. Dec. 20, 1S50, Horace Snmner Tarbell. 

624. Hannah Elagg, 1). Jan. 13, 183] : m. Oct. :'.">, 1853, YVillard Elisha Howe. 

625. Wadswoiith, b. Oct. 8, 1S32; in. Nov. 22, 1S58, Anna Lawton Corey. 

282 Clarissa 7 Treat (Charles, 6 Jonathan,* Charles,* Thomas? Richard? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born Dee. 39, 1793, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Xov. 27, 1S42, aged forty-nine 

(gravestone, South Glastonbury) ; m. , George Pease, who died July 18, 1866, 

aged seventy-seven (gravestone, South Glastonbury) . 

Children of George and Clarissa Pease, born in Glastonbury: 

(;?(!. Francis, 8 b. , 1815; d. April 9, 1817, aged 19 mos. (g. s., South Glastonbury). 

C27. Cha«i,ottb, b. ; in. . Kcv. Ladd, a Methudisl minister. 

G28. Clarissa Jam:, h. , lS23;d. Jan. 19. 1812, aged 19 (g. s., South Glastonbury); in. 

, Kcv. Azariah B. Wheeler, a Methodist minister, stationed at East Glastonbury, 

in 1840. 

283 William 7 Treat (Charles? Jonalhan?]Charles? Thomas? Richard? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born March '21, 1796, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Oet. S, 1873, in Topeka, Kan- 
sas; married, first, May 10, 1818, Lucy Peltox, who died Oet. 15, 1821, in Euclid, Ohio, 
and daughter of Josiah and Lucy Pel ton of Vermillion, Ohio, and formerly of Challtain, 
now Portland, Conn. ; second, July 18, 1822, Sally Pelton, who died Aug. 29, 1854, 
and daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth Pelton of Euclid ; third, July 8, 1855, for her 
third husband, Bins Mary E. (Ckagie) Clixton, daughter of Duncan arid Elizabeth 
Cragie of Rochester, N. Y. The name of her first husband was Hamilton. She now 
(1886) resides in Topeka, Kansas. Mr. Treat learned the trade of shipwright in the ship 
yards on the Connecticut river, lie was the only one of his father's numerous famih to 
go away from home, In the spring of 1S17, he started for the "Connecticut Western lie- 
serve," and settled at Euclid, twelve miles east of the then small village of ( 'lev. land. 
The journey required three weeks. Part of the way he travelled by canal boat, and 
walked when nothing better ottered, lie suffered the privations usual to pioneer life, but 
his indomitable will, robust constitution, and powers of endurance, with his habits of 
industry and economy, compelled success. He worked on his farm during the summer, 
snd in the fall and winter sought employment at his trade at Cleveland, Detroit, Black 
River, or wherever ferry boats, or the small water craft of the times were to be built. 
After the opening of the Ohiocanal, he found plenty of work in the construction of canal 
boats, without |>oing beyond Cleveland. He also built many canal boats at the mouth of 
Euclid Creek, which were towed up to Cleveland. About 1838, he built at Eu< lid, on his 
own account, the Schooner H'eateni Trader of GO tons. He sold a quarter's interest in 
her tooneCapt. MuIIarry, who sailed, her, but had no money to help in her outfit, lie- 
failed to make any money, and spent one winter on the lake, frozen ill the ice, when he 



was obliged to burn part of his cargo of corn and oats fi>r fuel, lie and his vessel finally 
disappeared from the- lake, but traces of both were occasionally found on the neighboring 
■waters for sonic years after. About 1843, he built at Euclid the Schooner Rtdeigh, a nine 
thousand bushel vessel, which was a large one at that time. For the next fourteen years, 
the building of vessels furnished constant employment. About 1848, lie built on his own 
account the Brig General Worth. The season opened badly. No one wanted vessel 
stock. The brig was ready to be launched, and Mr. Treat had no money to finish her or 
to purchase her outfit. N. M. Standart, of Cleveland, came forward with funds, and she 
was fitted out. Standart & Treat continued in the vessel business, and in the spring of 
1856, had four good vessels. The Lake Navigation Co., of Buffalo, was organized about 
that time, and they sold their vessels to the new company, taking their pay in stock on 
which they never received any dividend. Jn two years the company failed, and the .$00,- 
000 in stock was worthless. That together with several other severe losses, financially 
ruined Mr. Treat. In 1863, be purchased a 100 acre farm in Bremer Co., Iowa, where he 
resided tili the spring of L870, when he removed to Topeka, Kansas. For the last four 
years of his life be received a pension from the government as a survivor of the war of 
1812. Aug. 14, 1814, he enlisted with Cap!. Moses Goodman, in Col. Brainard's Reg't, 
and was discharged at New London, Conn , where he was stationed, Oct. •_'•!, 1814. Dur- 
ing his service the following incident happened, lie was detailed on picket duly one 
night while suffering from a severe toothache, and stood with the breech of the gun rest- 
ing upon the grouud and the side of his face and hand resting upon the muzzle. It was 
reported to the commander that he was sleeping while on duty ; under which charge he 
was court-martialed and condemned to die. Every influence was brought to bear to 
save the life of so worthy a comrade. It was proposed that if he would admit the offence 
there was a possibility of the sentence being reversed. He emphatically denied from the 
first iie had been asleep but asserted that lie was simply resting in the position in which lie 
was found in order to case Ins suffering. Finding him unflinching in his determination, 
and that he would not confess to a false accusation, they led him to the spot assigned for 
the execution. With six picked men detailed for the final shot and with the cap drawn 
over his face, he was asked if he would admit the charge. He said that he would not. 

The commanding officer said "then we'll shoot." His reply was, -'shoot and be d ." 

His adherence to the truth and unflinching courage in the hour of danger led to the sus- 
pension of the execution on the ground that such men were scarce, and that more of the 
same kind were needed. 

Children born in Euclid, by his first marriage: 

620. Custos," b. March 25, 1819; d. Oct. 3, 1S21. 

630. Samoiu. Stuong, b. Sept. 17, 1821; cl. Dec. 31, 1S31. 

By his second marriage : 

631. Cn Minus Clinton, 1). Apr. 0, 1823; cl. Jan. 14, 1855, at Rrattlcboro', Vt.; iinin. 
632. V u i k.a, b. Nov. 10, 1624; m. Oct. 20, 1S53, James Terry. 

633. I'll tm\ I). Aug. 10, 1826; <:. March 4, is! |. !v t Euclid. Ohio. 

634. KnwAiin Wii.M.or, h. Aug. 17, 1830; in. Dee. G, 1855, Adelaide Farr. 

635. Clakissa, b. April 22, 1832; d. .May 15, 1832. 

636. Ki.i/.A-.ii'.Tii, b. Oct. 1, 1S36; in. Sept. 5, 1S59, Henry Taylor of WickllflV, Ohio, at Terry- 

\ illc, ( 'onn. 

637. Cohxki.u l'., b. Aug. 25, 1839; in. Aug. 9, 1886, licv. Linus Blakcslcy, of. Terry ville, Conn. 

By his third marriage: 


638. Ciwti.r.s Rakfoud, b. Nov 23, 1856; in. July 1 I, 1S7S, Lottie )!. Hunt, of Topcka, Kan- 

639. M m:y M vggik, l>. Sept. 11, 1858; m. May 24, 137."., Edward IS. Garwood, <>r 'J'opeka, Kan- 

284 Elisha 7 Treat (Charles,* Jonathan,* Charles* Thomas,* Richard* Richard 1 ), 
born May 20, 17U9, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died July 5, 184-8, in Glastonbury; married, 
first, Oct. 13, 1820, Clauissa Benton, born June -J, 1804, died Feb. 24, 1827, aged twen- 
ty-three (gravestone in Eastbury, now Buckingham); second, April 11, 1827, Almika 
Wheat, born Nov. 30, 1S03 ; died Aug." 15, 1884, aged eighty. The church records say 
that he was baptized M;>\ 20, 1799, at his mother's funeral. He was a fanner. 

Children, born in Glastonbury, by bis first marriage: 

C40. Jams T;., s b. Oct. B, 1821 ; in. Oct. 23, 1830. John B. Holmes. 
Oil. KAT.rn Bextox, 1,. Dec. 21, 1823; d. May 23, 1SS0; in. May 25. 1S45, Cornelia Jane Strong, 

b. Xuv. 1, 1824, d. , 1^7'.'. and dan. of Eli and Betsey (Cowles) Strong, of Bolton , 

Conn. He was a Mason, and resided in Manchester, Conn. No issue. 

C42. CiiAKLKsC, b. April 21, 1825; d. April 19, 1854 ; m. Oct. 3, 1817, Semanthn Assubah Strong. 

By Ins second marriage: 

643. John Y\~iieat, b. May 8, 1S28; d. .Inly G, ISS4 ; m. April 20, 1852, Emeline Finley. 
G44. Claek Elisiia, b. Nov. 5, 1829; d. Aug. 18, l^SG; m. Nov. 21, liS52, .Mary Emcliue Strong, 
b. July G, 1833, and dan. of Eli and Sybil Strong. Resided in Manchester, Conn. Was 
a Mason. No issue. 
fi4,b. Waiikex ... b. Jar,. 20, 1835; m. June 9. 1802, Adelaide McCracken. 
646. EoiiEirr Buuce, b. Nov. 25, 1S38; d. May 17, 1S71; m. Jan. -1, 1S59, EmeretCi Daggett 
CI7. Samuel, b. Aug. 30, 1842; d. Aug. 21, 1845. 
CIS. Ai.Mii:.* Adelaide, b. June 5, 1845; d. Nov. 1G. 1816. 

285 Hannah 7 Tre2it(Charles,* Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard* Richard 1 ), 
born April 8, 1801, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died about 1879 ; married Feb. 14, 1822, Ed- 
mund Matsox. Jit., who removed to South Windsor, Conn. 

Children of Edmund and Hannah Matson, the first three born in Glastonbury: 

C49. Aiaiox," b. Oct. 25, 1S23. 

G50. Eliza Ann', b. Jan. 3, 1827. 

ljul. Jri.iA, b. Nov. ---, 1823. 

G52. Ellen, b. . 

653. Mautha, b. . 

054. Joirx, b. . 

655. Josei'iiixe, b. . 

G5G. He/km m I triplet), b. . 

657. Zedekiaii (triple! ', b. . 

G'.S. Zei'Hexiaii (triplet), b. . 

292Permelia 7 Treat(.7b»n^ia?i J 6 Jonathan * Cliarles,* Thomas? Richard,- Richard 1 ) , 

boiii : ba|>tized Oct. 18, 1795, in Glastonbury, Kastbnry Parish, Conn. ; died 

(alive 1853, aged fifty-seven); married Eeb. 9, 1823, Lester Down of Hartford, Conn., 

born ■ . 1795, died , 18G0, and son of Marecna and Lydia (Gosper) Dowd. He 

was a soldier in the war of 1812. In 1852, he was of Wayne. Co., N. Y. In 184G and 
185,",, he resided in Tyringliani, Mass. See Dowd Genealogy. 

Children ol Lester and L'ermelia Dowd : 
U5!>. CiiANOi u:, s b, , 1S24; d. , 1SS1 ; in. , 1S45, Mary E. White. 


fine. Chat scire B., b. , 182"; in. , 1850, Laura A. Collins. 

001. Gkokgk. b. , 1830; tl. . 1833. 

GG2. Cmxtox, 1). , 1833; in. , 1801, Mary .\ . Deinmon. 

GG3. Sii.riii'X, b. ; d. when about four years old. 

313 Sylvester 7 Treat (Peter, 6 Peter, 5 TJiomas, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? RichanV), born 
April 1-1, L802, in (?) Middlcfield, N. Y. ; died Oct. 5, 18G6, in East Chatham, Tioga Co., 
lVnu. ; married March 27, LS27, Loctnda Gates, lie came to Eaton, Madison Co., X. Y., 
when very young, and removed to Chatham, May 28, 1*27. The country was then :i vast 
wilderness. Here lie raised a family of two sons and five daughters, all of whom lived to 
be heads of families. He was a fanner. 

Children, horn in Chatham : 

664. Mary,* b. Oct. 28, 1828: (1. Feb. 27, 18GG; in, .Tunc 10, 18-17, Thomas Owlett. 

66!:. Lydia, b. Aim. 25, 1830; 6. Nov. G, 18G2; m. Aug. IS, 1S47, Dr. William B. Rich. 

666. Kri as Gates, b. July 31, 1832; m. Aug. 11. 1853, Mary Jane Snyder. 

637. Cakoltxe, b. Sept. 4, 1834 ; in. June 21, 1858, Lorenzo Dow Carl. 

668. Dojuxda Lucixda, b. Aug. -I, 183G; m. Dec. 25, 1S57, James Henry Carl. 

669. Lois Amelia, b. Nov. 22, 1S43; in. Dec. 31, 18C8, Leonidas Avery. 
C70. SYiYESTKJl, b. Dec. 2G, 1S46; in. Sept. 28, 18G8, Sarah Miller. 

814 Adeline 7 Treat (Peter, 6 Peter 5 Thomas, 4 Thomas 3 Richard? RicJicmV), born 

Aug. 9, 1801, in (?) Mkldlefield, N. Y. ; died Aug. 21, 1854, in Deerfield, Penn. ; m. -, 

Robert B. Pottrr. 

Children o!' Robert P>. and Adeline Potter: 

671. Lydia Nancy, 8 b. Not. 7, 1828; d. Feb. 12, 1839 (g. s., Deerfield, Penn.). 

672. Piiebe, b. ; d. .Tune — . 188-; m. , Oliver Chappel. 

G73. Mary Aj u.iyii.i, b. Feb. 2G, 1834 ; d. July 8, 18-18 (g. s., Deerfield). 

OT-i. Mortimer C, b. ; m., 1st, , Eliza Carl; 2d, , Alice Button. Is a pros- 
perous merchant. This a store at Middleburg, and at Kceueyville, Tioga Co., Venn. 
675. Joseph, b. . 

316 Samuel B. 7 Treat ( Peter, 6 Peter, 5 Thomas,* Thomas, 3 Richard? RidiarcP), bom 
July 5, 1810, in (?) Middlcfield, X. Y. ; died Dee. 7, 1S7S; married Nov. 22, 1817, Mary 
J. Gardner. 

Children, horn in Laingsbiirgh, Shiawasse Co., Mich. : 

G7fi. Alice, 8 b. .Tune 4, 1810; m. , Myron Van Fiect, of Hastings, Nebraska. 

077. Emma, b. Only IS, is.,:;. 
G78. Ida M., b. Feb. 22. lis". 
G79. Ln LIE B., b. Feb. 4, 18GS. 
GS0. Oi.-a J., b. June 12, 18G7. 

318 Sarah Ann 7 Treat (Peter, 6 Peter/' Thomas, 4 Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), 
born dan. 26, 1816, in (?) Eaton, Madison Co., N. Y. ; died Oct. 30, 1853, in Farming- 
ton, Fayette Co., N.Y. ; married Sept. 28, 1834, Warren Gleason, born Aug. 19, 1811, 
in Osceola, Tioga Co., Penn. ; died Dee. 12, 1865, in Woodhull, N. Y., and son of Paul an 1 
Jiula (Warren) Gleason. He was a farmer. Resided twenty-three years in Osceola, six- 
teen' in Chatham, Penn., ten in Farmington, .and five in Wbodhull. For his second wife 
he married March 27, 1859, Fidelia Bradley, daughter of lleniy Bradley, and had four 
children: Edward Gleason, b. Feb. 21, I860; Lucy Gleason, b. April 7, L862 ; Elmer 
Gleason, b. March 17, 1864 ; Charles Gleason, b. ■ 


Children of Warren and Sarah A. Gleason, the lirst seven born in Chatham, the eighth 
in Farmington : 

fi.Sl. Osc.m,* b. Oct. 1, ISM j in. , Hannah Clark, Isa farmer in Elrtorn Iowa. 

C82. Lovkxcy, I). March 21, 183S; m. , Alvah Baxter, a farmer in Farminglon. 

G83. Fuaxces Ann', b. Oct. 31, 1S39; m. •. John II. \V< eks, a fanner in Farmington. 

GS4. Jin.i. b. Jan. 11. 1S42; in. , Myron Davenport, a farmer in Big Flats, N. Y. 

685. LouknzO, 1). May 31, ls41. 

G8G. W.u:i;i-..v. b. May 1). 1S47; mnn. I- a miller in Lime Grove, Iowa. 

G87. IIkni'.v. b. April 27, 1S-I9; in. , Mary Maynard. Is a farmer in Farmington. 

G88. .\i>XA, b. Oct. 1! 1803; d. Sept. 2S, 1S7G, at Cora!, Mich.; num. 

320 Latlirop 7 Treat (Charles, 6 John, 5 Thomas.' Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), 

born , 1788, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died July 28, 1819, aged thirty-one (gravestone, 

Soul!) Glastonbury), at Savannah, Ga., of yellow fever; married , 1814, Tallatiia 

Sexton, born April, 177(5, died April 17, 1857, and daughter of George Sexton, of Col- 
chester, Conn. He was a seafaring man. 

Daughter born in Glastonbury: 
689. Haumet Elizabeth,' b. Jan. 21, 1813; m. Oct. 9, 183G, Nelson Bingham Pellet. 

321 Capt. Horace 7 Treat (Charles, 6 John? Tliomas, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born July 4, 1790, in Glastonbury. Conn. ; died Dee. 3, 1821, aged thirty-one. of 

yellow fever, at Malanzas. Cuba (gravestone, South Glastonbury) ; married , Folly 

Brooks ; who died April 7, 1870, aged 77 (gravestone, Central burying ground, Glas- 
tonbury). YVas a sea captain. 

Children born in Glastonbury : 

690. Hoback Bkooks," b. Oct. 15, 181G; m. Nov. 3, 1839, Sarah Amelia Glazier. 

691. Mauy E., b. May 14, ISIS ; in. . Noyes 1). Brewster. 

G92. Ainci.iM-, 1>. May 1, 1820; d. Aug. 25, 18G0, aged 39 (g. s., Central burying ground). 
093. Hosea, b. March 3, 1822; d. Dee. 11. 1822. 

323 Sophia 7 Treat (diaries* John? Thomas? Thomas? Richard? RicJiard 1 ), 
born Feb. C, 1795, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Nov. 18, 1850, in South Glastonbury; 
married Sept. 15, 1818, Isaac Collins, who died Dee. 20, 1838, in South Glaston- 

Children of Isaac and Sophia Collins, born in South Glastonbury : 
G91. SonilA, 8 b, June 11, 1S20; d. March 15, 18G0. 

>>:>:•. OuniN T., n. Jan. 3, 1823; m. Nov. L'l. 184G, Charlotte 0. Pitkin b. Aug. I 1821, d. May 
T, 1878, and dan. of George and Pannela Pitkin, of East Hartford. In 1841 he re- 
moved to East LIurtford, and in 1S55 emigrated to Westfleld, Bureau Co., 111., and set- 
tled on a farm. Now (1*90) resides in Peru, LaSalleCo., III. For the last thirteen years 
has been president of the Pern Farmer's Mutual Insurance t'". Children, the first 
three bom in East llarl ford, the others in Illinois : 
1. George Pitkin 9 Collins, b. July 2, 1851 ; m. U«c. 31. 1874, Emma Holler, dau. of 
Philip Holler, of Dimmock, La Salle Co., 111. Resides in Holstein, Ida Co., 
Iowa. Isa farmer. Has two sons and two daughters. 
■J. Lottie Klizabeth Collins, b. April IS, 1S53; m. Nov. IS, 1st:',, Amasa Hose. 
Went to Kansas in 1871 ; resides at Yates Centre, Woodson Co. Isa farmer. 

1. Mabel Bray 10 Hose, !>. . 

2. Orrin Collins Kos L -, b. . 

:!. Kthel U.-i'. I>. . 

3. Sophia Trial Collin>, b. Jul.\ 30, I ■<;,.-, ; reside in Peru. 


•1. Charles Pitkin 1 " Collins, b. Dec. 16, 1850; m. July 5, 1882, Kmmn Blrchenough, 
driu. of George Birclienough of Peril. Resides in Peru. Children, b. in 
Westflcld, ill : 

1. Frances" 1 Collins, b. July :'.. 1SS3. 

2. Waller George Collins, b. June 17. 1880. 

3. Emma Collins, h. Nov. 16, 1888. 

5. Laura Cowles Collins, b. Sept. 20, 1S58; resided in Chicago. Is a stenogra- 
pher on a Farm Implement Directory. 
OfiO. Emily Mahiaii, b. Oct. 20, 182-J ; d. Aug. 3, 1848. 
CUT- Layixia. b. Aug. 8, 1S26; d. Feb. 22, 1832. 
698. Lv.oja Ann', b. Jan. 23, 1829; d. Get. 12,'1372>. 

325 Charles 7 Treat {Charles, 6 John, 5 Thomas, 4 Tlwmas, 3 Richard,* RicharcP), 
born Oct. 27, 1801, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Jan. 17, l8G7,in Hartford, Conn. ; mar- 
ried April 20, 1828, Matilda Cooly, of Middleto'wn, Conn., born Aug. 2, 1800; died 
July, 1890. in Hartford. Was a seafaring man, as was his father. Resides in Hartford. 

Children born in Harl ford : 
601). Jam; Raciikl, 8 b. Flee. 19, 1828; d. Oct., lssT; m. Larkum; resided in Hart- 
ford. Son : 
1. Allien'' r,arlnun, b. Oct. 23, lS4o ; d. . 

700. Julia Matilda, b. Oct. 11, 1830; d. April 12, 1837. 

701. Lay in a, h. Sept. 12, 18S2; d. }\li. 16, 1862. 

7(12. ELLEN Fi.i/, U3ETH, b. Nov. 2:'., 1831; d. Feb. 10. 1802. 
703. NoiVMAH O, b. July 0, 1837; m. , 1S03, Rose S. Trevor. 

326 Levi Stuart 7 Treat {Amos Hall* Gershom, 5 Thomas, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard, 9 
Bichard 1 ), horn Jan. 19, 1812, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died April 13, 1881, in Atchi- 
son, Kansas; married, first, Feb. 27, 1834, Nascy Stkokg IIickox, born March 9, 1814, 
died March 23, 1843, in Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio, and daughter of Lannon and Nancy 

(Strong) Hickox ; second, , Ei.knoii E. Norton, from whom he was divorced in 

Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, at the May term of the court of Common Pleas, 1853 ; third, Aug. 
6, 1858, MakyD.khea Coopek, who now resides in Atchison, Kansas. Mr. Treat was 
a fanner. 

Children, the first three horn in Aurora, the fourth and fifth in ') winsburgh, Summit 
Co., Ohio, the others in Atchison, by his first marriage: 

701. St: akt Amos." b. Jan. +, 1835. Is a live stock speculator and farmer in Atchison. 
70j. Cakijie Ellen, b. Oct. 22, 1837; in. Sept. 21, 1850, in Cleveland, Ohio, Peter Samuel Mes- 
serolc, b. July 2, 1830, in New York city, and son of John ami Mary Eliza (Simmons) 
Messerole. lie was a dealer in agricultural implements and seeds in Chicago, 111. 
700. Nellie Alice, b. Oct. 27, 1812; dead. 

By his second marriage : 

707. Antoinette, b. ; m Pratt. 

70o. James W alien Xoiiton*, b. . 

By his third marriage : 

709. Mahy Kate, b. Jan. 22. 1801; in. April 21, 1SS7, Samuel Woodworth, an attorney in At- 


710. Frank SiiuiAvsut'iiY, b. Oct. 18, 1862; in. Oct. 20, 1889, Margaret Hughes, of Arizona 

territory. Is now (1S90) proprietor of a ranch in Arizona. 

711. TllOir.VS Cooi'KIt, I). March 26, 1805. Is a loan broker, of tin- linn of T. C. Treat & Co., 

cor. of llh and ( onmicirial St.. Atchison, Kansas. Has assisted me. 


712. Alice tiYurA, I). Nov. 15, ISOfi; in. Nov. 18, 1S8G, Samuel George Guerrler. 

713. Okouou Gkace, b. Jan. fi, 1874. 

714. Ethel Harmet, b, Aug. 13, 1880. 

327 Amos Mortimer 7 Treat {Amos Hall, 6 Gershom, 5 Thomas* Thomas, 3 Ric7i- 

ard, 5 Richard 1 ), l>orn March 13,1813, in Glastonbury, Conn.; niarriecl ■, 1841, 

Hakiuet M. Hatch, of Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio, who ilieil April 25, 1888, in Bain- 
bridge, Geauga Co., where Mr. Treat now resides. Is a merchant. 

Children horn in Aurora and Bainbridge : 

715. J. Mohtimku.* b. Oct. 2!>, 1SJ2; in." Jan. — , 1 sec, Eunice iiuclol|>]i. 

716. m; .1 , b. May 18, 18,13; in. Oct. I, 1874, Henry W. IVUIbonc. 

717. (Join. ox A., b. April 7, 1855; in. Nov. 27, 1S79, Florence Blair. 

339 Lorenzo Hart' TreaX(Elisha, 6 Elisha, 5 Isaac,* Thomas* Richard* Richard*), 
born Nov. 1, 1802, inMiddletown, Conn. ; died July 13, 1857, aged lifty-four, in Middle- 
town; married, first, Aug. '_'.">, 182G, Sarah Sage Kirby, who died Aug. I. 1836, aged 
thirty-two; second, April 16, 1837, Mary Kiuuv, who died Sept. 28, 1S68. Was a mem- 
ber of the Legislature in 1854, from Cornwall, Conn., formerly a part of Rliddletown. 
Was a notary public from May, 1851, to the time of his death. Was also town clerk 
and treasure! of Cromwell. 

Cliikiri ii born in Middletotvn, by his first marriage: 
718. Maui 1,.,' Ii. Feb. — , IS20; d. April 25, 1830. 
719. Sarah, b. July 10, 1S32; m.. 1st, June 2, 1851, Eliznr Lord Wright; 2d, Oct. 22,1872. 
William lioberl McDonald.. 

720. Son, h. March 1, 1830; d. March 1, lS3(i. 

340 Emily"' Treat (Elisha* Elisha, 5 Isaac, 4 Thomas'' Richard? Richard 1 ), born 
duly 16, 1804, in Middletown, Conn. ; died Sept. 25, 1872, aged sixty-eight, in Middle- 
town; married Oct. 5, L823, Alsa Wilcox, who died Oct, 10, 1838, aged forty, and a 
Minor Joseph Russell and Linn Wilcox. 

Children of Alsn and Emily Wilcox, horn in Middletown: 

721. Lyoia Hart, 8 b. ; m. .Albert Bacon, a fanner in Wcstllekl Society, Mid- 


722. Cuauncky, 1). , 1S2G; d July 22, 1S33. 

72::. Mary Treat, b. ; d. Jan. 20, 1833. 

724. IvSUL'S TREAT, b. . 

358 Sophia Llicy 7 Treat (Qkmnccy* Dorotheas* Dorotheus* Thomas? R>h nrd? 
liichard 1 ), horn Dee. 6, 1817, in South Glastonbury, Conn. ; married July 16, 183U, IIou- 
ack 11 1. mi x I [oki'on, who was horn Nov. 7, 1815. lie resides in Plymouth, A in a dor Co., 
Cal. Is a fanner. 
Children of Horace 11. and Sophia L. Norton: 
72G. James Treat, 8 b. Oct. 15, 1841; d. Jan, 12, 1S42. 
727. Emily I.okvini., b Nov, 15, 1842; d. Oct. 10, 1*4:!. 
.728. Mautiia Asiei.ia, 1). June !), Isil; d. Sept. (i, 181-1. 
720. l; villi HORACE, Ii Sept. 5, 1S15; d. Oct. !), 18+5. 

730. Prank lli'Ma , I.. Oct 1, isiii. 

731. ClIAUl.KS lh.i:i.i:v. b. June 2;'.. 184'J; d. Jan. '.', 1852. 

732. Clara Stevens, b. June 2."., 1853. 

KicnAKD treat: seventh generation. 91 

733. M.u:y Eliza, b. April 15, is:,r,. 
7:ii. Lucy Emm v. i>. 27, 1850. 
735. IIokacu Ciiauxi ey, b. Sept. 15, I8C1. 

359 Emily Maria 7 Treat (Cliauncay* Dorotheus* Dorotheas* Thomas, 3 Richard* 
Richard 1 ), born April -J7, 1820, in South Glastonbury, Conn. ; married Nov. 2G, 1855, in 
Easthampton, Mass., Chaklks Bigklcw Johnson, who died Fob. 11, 1S87. I J < • was con- 
nected with the National Button Co., Easthampton ; a deacon of the Payson Congrega- 
tional cliurch, and town clerk for many years. 

Children of Chorles B. and Emily M. Johnson, born in Easthampton: 
7;;c. CiiAiir.iis Hkjtkt,* b. Aug. 30, 185C. lie is cnsliior of the Virsl National Bankin East- 

737. Edwaiw Tf.nnaxt, 1). Aug. 24, 18G5; d. May 10. 18GC. 

3GO Francis Smith 7 Treat (Chauncey,* Dorotheas* Dorotheus, 4 TJiomas, 3 Rich- 
ard,* Richard 1 ), born May 8, 1822, in South Glastonbury, Conn. ; married, first, May 20, 
1855, Haurikt Bush, who died Dee. 5, 185G ; second, April — , 18G3, Martha Caxfield. 
Is a farmer, and resides in Lexington, Le Sueur Co., Minn. 

Children, the second born in Lexington, the third in Wankon, Iowa, by his first mar- 
riage : 

738. EDGAH,"b. ; il. April 1.3, 1857. 

By his second marriage : 

739. Thank, b. Feb. 9. 1804. 

740. -Emily Mahtii v, b. June 27, 18G5. 

361 Sylvester Chapman 7 Treat (Chauncey* Dorotlieus,* Dorotheus* Thomas, 5 
Richard,- Rieliard 1 ), bom April 4, 1824, in South Glastonbury, Conn. ; married Feb. 2, 
1851, Eliza A. Duxx. lie is a baker, and resides in Deeorah, Winneshiek Co., Iowa. 
She has furnished me with the record of the family of Chauucey Treat. 

Children, the fust born in Qiiincy, 111., the second in Burlington, Iowa, the others in 
Deeorah : 

741. &111.1 Sophia, 8 b. Nov. io, 1851; a. Aug. 13, 1854. 

742. EnWAltn Cn.U nci:v. b. Sept. 2C, 1855; a. Dee. 0, 1856. 

743. Grouch lli.xnv. b. Dee. 1, 1858. 

744. Euktxa Ei.tza, b. April I. I8G2. 

745. Lrci Cklia, b. Aug. 2, 1804. 

363 Ann Lee 7 Treat (Chauncey,* Dorotheus* Dorotheus* Tliomas, 3 Richard , s Rich- 
ard 1 ), born Doc. 4, 18^7, in South Glastonbury, Conn.; married Dec. 24, 1851, John 
Aitcincu, who is now dead. She now (1880) resides in Estherville, Einmelt Co., 

Children of John and Ann L. Archer, the first two born in Quincy, II!., the others in 
Warsaw, 111.: 

74it. Cn M'.r.v.s, 8 b. Nov. — , 1852. 
717. Lucy, b. Oct. — , 1855. 
748-. Ei.i/.uir.iu. b. Aug. 1, 1858. 
7 4 '. > . ft] ii niiiw, 1). , 1800. 

364 NailCy Pulsifer 7 Treat (Chauncey,* Dorotheus,* Dorotheus, 4 Thomas 5 Rich- 

( J 2 


art?, 3 Richard 1 ), born Dee. 19, 1820, in South Glastonbury, Conn.; married Dec. i'4, 
18;">4, Geokgk Mkkiui.l. He is a farmer, and resides in Saratoga, Howard Co., Iowa. 
Children of George and .Nancy V. Merrill : 

750. Emma D.," 1>. Nov. in. 1*55. 

751. U-imtiKT, b. Nov. 25, 1858. 

752. William b. April 12, ISM. 
T.".?.. FitEDKuicic, I) Sept l';;. 1SG2. 

754. Fkaxk I'.., b. Feb. IG, 18C5. 

755. AltCIIlllALn V... 1>. Dec. 28, 1SG9. 
75(1. lil'.XJAMlx 1?., !). JulV 30, 1871. 

365 Mary Jane 7 Treat (Chaimcey, 6 Dorolheus, 5 Dorotheas,* Thovias, 3 Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born Feb. 12, 1832, in South Glastonbury, Conn.; married Dee. 21, 1851, 
John Ammon. For twenty-live years lie was extensivelj' engaged in the manufacture of 
agricultural implements in Dccorali, Iowa, lie met will) reverses in 1878, and removed 
to Estlierville, Emmet Co., Iowa, in 1SS0, wbere lie engaged in farming and stock-raising. 
Is at present (1889), and has been for the last two years, superintendent of the Stough- 
ton Wagon Works, Stoughton, Wise. lias always been greatly respected as a man of 
high principles and sterling worth, lias held many public positions of local importance 
for I he last thirty years. 

Children of John and Mary J. Ammon, born in Decorah : 

757. Junius, 8 b. Aug. ), 1853. 

75S. William, b. July 20, 1855. 

759. Mawy Evklyx, 1). Aug. 11, 1857. 

7C0. Ciiauxcey li.,l>. Sept 13, 1SG0. Ts at present (18S9), engaged in farming and stock- 
raising in Esthcrville. 

7C1. Ooiin, b. Oct. 21, 18G1. 

7<>2. 1!icii\ki>, 1) May 13, 1870. 



375 Maria 6 Treat (Seymour," 1 Timothy, 5 Timothy,* Richard? TJmmas? Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born Dec. 9, 1812, in ■; married April 15, 1837, Mokkton 1?. Sack- 


Children of Moveton 1!- and Maria Sackett: 

703. Junes H., 8 b. Oct. 10, 1S38; in. April 10, 1864, Schermcrhorn. 

764. BllODA T-, b. May 1, 1841; a. Aug. 2, 1885; in., 1st, Aug. 27, 1857, S. Ovevliu; 2d, , 

1S75, David Chase. 

765. SiiY.MOUitT.,1 f 

,,. . .. _ /twins, 1). Jan. 23, 1843; ^m. Sept. 13, 1S79, . Dan. : 

1. Calista 10 Sackett, b. Nov. 29, 1880. 
767. Lyuu A., b. Dec. 15, 1845; d. April 25, 1873; in. Dec. 15, 1859, Ebenczcr Graham. 

377 Stephen Decatur' Treat {Seymour, 1 Timothy,''' Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 

Thomas, 3 Richard? Richurd 1 ), boi'n April 12, 1819, in ; died , 1850, while 

on Iiis way to California, and was buried at Foil Laramie, Wyoming"; married March 15, 

u Daughter: 

768. I'm hi; Oi.inda, 3 b. May LM, 1844, il. June 20, 1861; in. , Hanford Graham. 

38G Sullivan 8 Treat (Timothy? Thomas, 6 Timothy? Richard? Thomas? Rich- 
ard? Ricliard 1 ), born Jan. 18, 1811, in Aurora, Erie Co., N. Y. ; died .Tan. 21, 1880, 
aged sixty-nine, in Elk Grove, Sacramento Co., Cal. ; married Dec. 25, 18 i3, Caroline M. 
Gage. At the age of Cwenly-one, Mr. Treat left New York and settled in Silver Creek, 
Cass Co., Mich., on a heavily timbered farm, which he cleared, enduring all the privations 
incident to pioneer life. May 20, 1859, he started tor California across the Plains, and 
arrived at Elk Grove, where he settled, on the 20th of Oct. following. 

Daughter, born in Silver Creek : 

769. Ai.vika II.," 1). Sept. fi, 184G; m, Oct. 13, 1S70, Julius Evorson. 

38S Almira 8 Treat {Timothy,'' Thomas? Timothy? Ricliard, 4 Thomas? Richard? 
Richard*), born Feb. 13, 1821, in Aurora, Erie Co.. N. Y. ; married Sept. 7, 1840, 
IIenky Ai.ui.iCii. born May 5, 1813, in the state of Rhode Island, lie is n fanner, and 
resides in Edwardsburgh, Cass Co., Mich. 

Children of Henry and Almira Aldrieh: 

770. AtriiA, 9 b. Feb. 17. 1842; in. Feb. 16, 18G6, Harvey L. Drew. lie now resides in San 

Bernardino, San Bernardino Co., Cal. Has four sons: 

1. Arthur L.'° Drew, b. . 

2. Frederick Drew, b. . 

3. Boy Drew. b. . 

4. Walter Drew, 1). . 

771. James M., b. Feb. 8, 1844 ; d. Nov. 10, 18G2, at the hospital at Lebanon, Ky., of pneumo- 

nia, lie enlisted in the 4ib Mid.. Cavalry In Aug. , 1862. 

772. LiiviM.,b. Jan. 7, 18111; in. , Emma Bcnncluimp. Resides at Elk Grove, Sacra- 

mento Co., Cal. No issue. 
771'.. Gkokgs B., b. Oct. 20. 1817; ■!. March 10, 1870, at Edwardsburgh, Mich. Was a mer- 
774. jAsria; K., b. Sept. lb, 1849; m. Feb. It. 1873, Maria Aldrieh, of Chautauqua Co., N. Y. 
Besides at Birdslcy's I'rairie; l'.O., Edwardsburgh, Mich, lias two children: 

1. Guy A." Aldrieh, b. . 

2 Martha May Aldrieh, b.- . 


392 Ira Hascal 8 Treat (Timothy? Thomas,* Timothy,* Richard? Thomas? 
Richard* Richard 1 ), horn May 1 I, 1830, in Aurora, Eric Co., N. Y. ; married Oct. 13, 
18G9, Auci: Ann Dunning, at Elk Grove, Sacramento Co., Cal. He removed with his 
father in 1834 Irom New York to Michigan. He learned Hie trade of carpenter and 
joiner. In 1853 he started with a party for California across the plains. Had a little 
trouble with Hie Sioux Indians opposite Fort Laramie, Wyoming, on the Platte river. 
They numbered about three hundred. By giving up a portion of their provisions, a 
treaty was made and the emigrants were allowed to proceed. The company numbered 
about twenty-live men, eight women, and six children. His brother Will aril Treat ac- 
companied him on this trip. Aug. 25, they arrived at. Hang Town. Since his settlement 
in California he has been engaged in various kinds of business, as mining, freighting for 
six years to the stale of Nevada, I'arminj and stock raising. Is now a farmer in com- 
fortable circumstances, and resides in Anderson, Shasta Co. 

775. Mattik B., 9 b. Fob. 23, 1871. 
771'. Lois V., b. Oct. 7, 1S72. 

777. Wii.iisM Wai:i;i:\\ b. July 9, 1874. 

778. ll.u:i:nci Maiuaii, b. .Ian. 13, 1877: cl. June 1, 1885. 

779. Caiimf: Ann, b. Dee. 2, 1882. 

39G Lucy Ann 8 Treat (Timothy,' 1 Thomas* Timothy,* Richard? Thomas? Rich- 
ard? Richard'), born May 2, 1839, in Silver Creek township, Cass Co., Mich. ; married 
Nov. L2, 1857, Fi-etchke B. Roijinsox, at Dowagiac, Cass Co., Mich. For nine years 
after marriage the}' resided in Cass Co.; then removed to Bangor, Van Buren Co. In 
the fall of 1 .s 7 4 , they removed to Onekama, Manistee Co., Mich., when the township 
was almost a dense wilderness, where they now (1888) reside. She is a member of the 
Methodist church, and superintendent of the Sunday school. 

Children of Fletcher 1!. and Lucy A. Robinson, the first born in Dowagiac, the second 
in Bangor : 

780. JatW., 9 b. March 22, 1859; in. Dec. U\ I8S6, Hattic Renshaw, in Hayes township, 

Bueno Vista Co., Iowa. Is a school teacher, and a member of the Baptist church. 
78). W.uumx Russki.) , b. April 5, 18G7. 

398 Amanda Euphemia 8 Treat (Timothy;' Thomas? Timothy? Richard? 
Thovias? Richard? Richard 1 ), born May If., 1844, in Silver Creek, Cass Co., Mich. ; 
married 1 lee. 25, 18G6, IIkxiw Wakiik* Rcsskll, formerly of Andovcr, Mass., at Elk 
Grove, Cal. After her marriage they removed to Garden Valley, El Dorado Co., where 
they now (18SS) reside. She came to California with her rather in 18G3. 

Children of Henry W . and Amanda E. Russell, born in Garden Valley : 

78:.-. ,S'„j,. 9 I twins, b. June 13, 18G9; cl. in iufancv. 

783. Daughter, > 

784. 1m:/. B., b. March 28, 1871. 

785. WAiiitKN T., b. Aug. 8, 187.-,. 

78G. Kihtii A., \ , . , ,. , „. ,-..,, 

' t w ins, 1). ]■ vl). 23, is. 9. 
7S7. EOGAli 11i:m;y, I 

399 Julius Allen 8 Treat (Orcn? Thomas? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 ), b. , 1814, in Aurora. Erie Co., N. Y. ; died Feb. 22, 1892 ; mar- 
ried , 1839, Sakah CuocxKit. Mr. Treat came to Wisconsin in 1844, and resided 


in Sharon, Wahvorlh Co. Was a member of llio J. A. Troal Lumber Co., manufacturers 
and wholesale dealers in lumber, shingles, :ui<1 laths; mills and yards at Marinette, 
Oconto Co. 

788. Fayette C.. h. .. Resides in Applcton, Wise. 

789. Ji.wn: T., b. ; in. , I). K. Sedgwick; resides in York, York Co., Nebraska. 

401 George 1 Treat {OrenJ Thomas,* Timothy, 5 Richard,* Thomas, 3 Richard, 3 
Richard 1 ), born Sept. 17, 1817, in Aurora, Erie Co., X. Y. ; died Deo. 25, 1882, in Sharon, 
Walworth Co., Wise; married March 12, 185-f, SahahE. Fosteu, of Milledgeville, White- 
side Co., 111. Settled in Wisconsin in 1848, and resided in Sharon. Was a farmer, and 
had the respect of the community for his industry and integrity. 
Children, horn in Sharon : 

700. Fi.oiia Litcixda, 9 b Feb. l'4, I85fi; m. Feb. 28, 1878, Maxoa W. Pierce. 
791, Hki i-n Mantua, b. July 2, ls.v.i; in. Jan. 23, 18SI, Jackson C. Miller. 
792. Eva l.n.ui, b. .Tan. 21, 1863; d. July 20, 1870, in Sharon. 
703. (tkac.k Al-hoka, b. July 23, 1S(;7; m. Oct. 27, 1S86, Ira W. Holmes; resides in Hawardeu, 

Sionx Co., Iowa. 
7114. MauiOX GkohGia, b. Jan. 21, 1871. 

403 Thomas Nelson 8 Treat (0/w,' Thomas,* Timothy, 5 Richard," Thomas? 
Richard, 3 Richard 1 ), born .May 30, 1822, in Aurora, Erie Co.. X. V. ; married March 23, 
1864, Cr.Ai.-A W. Fi.i.i.. In 1844, he left the old homestead for Seneca Co., Ohio. In 
1817, he removed to Sharon, Walworth Co., Wise. Was justice of the peace, lias 
usually been engaged in fanning'. Resides now (1887) at Clear Lake, Cerro Gordo Co., 

Children, horn in Sharon : 

795. Ai.ici: .M., : ' 1>. Feb. 13,1805. Is a teacher. 

796. Minnie 15., No\. (.;, I860. Is a teacher. 

405 Lyman L. 8 Treat (Orai, 7 Thomas,* Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard, 3 
Richard 1 ), horn April 20. 1828, in Aurora, Erie Co., N. Y. ; married Jan. 11, 1871, Lauua 
Anne Coopek. Jle went west when a young man of nineteen, and has spent, the last thirty 
years in Iowa. Resides now (tsOOj in Webster City, Hamilton Co.. Iowa, where he is a 
dealer in dry goods, clothing, hoots, shoes, hats, caps, etc. lias also dealt largely in real 
estate and grain, in 1800 and 1800, he held the oilice of treasurer of Kossuth Co., Iowa. 
Children : 

7H7. CAintor.i.L., 9 1). Nov. 21, 1871. 
70S. TkkksSA L., b. April 11. IS73. 

409 Ellery Bentlejr Treat (0;w, 7 Thomas* Timothy , 5 Richard* Tlamas 3 Rich- 
ard, 3 Richard 1 ), horn Aug. 20, 183G, in Aurora, Erie Co., X. Y. ; died Nov. 18, 1880, in 

■ Manitowoc, Wise. ; married June 29, 18G3, Charlotte IT. Faknswokth of Sheboygan, 
Wise, and daughter of one of the oldest settlers in that county, air. Treat attended school 

> at Aurora Academy till he was sixteen, when he left and went to Buffalo to study law in 
the ofiice of Backus & Fanning, lie was admitted to Ihc bar Dec. 1, 1850. In 1S60, 
he removed to Wisconsin and taught school in Sharon. When the war broke out, he 
returned to Aurora, recruited a company of volunteers and was commissioned a lieutenant, 
but declined the position owing to ill health. He was readmitted to the bar at Milwaukee, 


April 1G, I8G1, ami at Chicago n few days later. Business called him away to Sheboy- 
gan, where he was so well pleased thai he settled there in 18G2, ami in the fall of thai 
year was elected distrk-1 attorney for Sheboygan County. The next spring he entered 
into partnership with William Hamilton, and was connected with him for four years. He 
was next elected district attorney for Manitowoc, and served eight years. Jn 187-', he 
formed a partnership with Lyman .1. Nash, hut soon abandoned the law to engage in the 
lumber business. This proving a disastrous speculation, he resumed the practice of law. 
In his profession he was painstaking, conscientious and honorable, discouraging rather 
than encouraging litigation. As un o/licei - he was faithful to his duties ; in his business 

he 1 ,'si ; in polities he was a strong Democrat, while in his social relations, he was 

the bc»t of husbands, and the kindest of fathers. After his death his widow removed 
back to Sheboygan, where she now (1886) resides. Slic is an active, intelligent wo. nun. 
Children born in Manitowoc: 

709. Roman' Paixe, 9 b. April 24. 1SG-1 ; dead. 

800. Ciuui ks l!r.\i'., . !i. Aug. 23, 1SUH. 

SOI. WitMAM Pkknuck, 1). Sept. 4, 1>72. 

411 Marie Prances 8 Treat (Own, 1 TJiomas? Timothy,* Richard,* Thomas? Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 ), born Sept. 22, 1840, in Aurora, Erie Co., X. Y. ; married Aug. 17, 1865, 
Dkliyan Calkins, born May 30, 1822. He is a fanner and resides in East Aurora, 
X. Y. 

Daughter of Dclivan and Frances M. Calkins, born in East Aurora: 

802. Cn.un.OTii; At noiu, s b. Sept. 2, 1S75. 

414 Seymour Edward' Treat {Tzbon? Thomas, Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas? 
Richard;- Ricliard 1 ), born June 13, 1823, in Aurora, Erie Co., X. Y. ; died Feb. G, U : !'>7, 
killed accidentally in Chicago, in the slock yards; married Dee. 29, 1849, Amur. Sruiu.- 
inct Cuptaii,, born May 13, 1825. She now resides in Polo, Ogle Co., 111. Mr. Treat 
was for many years engaged in the mercantile and grain business in Polo. Was also dep- 
uty sheriff, deputy provost marshal, justice of the peace and held various town offices. 

Children : 

803. Fh.vxk Eiwaiid,' b. Oct. 9, 1S."58. 

604. JjVKLLA Kumika, b. Any. 22, 1855; in. Jan. 20, 1SS0, John Bartletl; resides in Iowa. 

805. Aura, \ lwlll ,, Jul 4 _ ]S - 8 f resides with hei mother. 

800. Kl.US, I I 

807. Dwicirr Thompson', b. May 1, lsr.) ; resides in Chicago. 

415 Dr. Charles Ralph 8 Treat (i:ban? Thomas? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? 
Richard? Richard 1 ), burn Jan. 12, 182G, in Aurora, N. Y. ; married Jan. 1, 1862, Mar- 
GAHKl Reksman, of Salona, Clinton Co., Penn. Taught school for some years in Xew 
York and Ohio; studied medicine under Dr. Gibson in Milmore, Ohio: attended medical 
lectures in 1S51 and 18732 ; spent a few months in a drugstore in Tiffin, Ohio; went, from 
their to Brookvillc, III.. >\ here he engaged in the dry goods business with his brother. Sey- 
mour E. Treat, at the same time carrying on the practice of medicine to some extent, till 
the spring of 1861, when he removed lo Sharon, Wise, where he is now a physician. 

Sou horn in Sharon : 
808. Chaklks,' b. May 19, ISM; in. Dec, 30, 1880, Ilattie Lewis. 

417 Lewis J.' Troat (/:'»<.v, 7 Thumas? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? Richard? 


RicJiard 1 ), born March 31,1832, in Coklen, N. T. ; died Sept. 27, 1864, in the army; 
married Sept. 12, 1855, Faxny Pratt Bardbk, of Collins Centre, N". Y., born Oct. 3, 
1832. Soon after their marriage, they removed from N. Y. state to Polo, Oi*le Co., 111. 
In 1858 removed to Albert Lea, Freeborn Co., Iowa. At the breaking out of the war he 
enlisted in Co. G, 27th Reg't Iowa volunteers, and was shot by a rebel bushwhacker, 
while doing duty over a prisoner. 

Children, the first born in Polo, the others in Albert Lea : 

80!). Chaklks Demetuws, 9 b. Feb. 18, 1857; <t. 18G2, in Albert Lea. 

810. GiLUKiir Barton, 1). Dec. 25, ls50; in. Aug. 2, 1883, in St. Paul, Minn., Hannah IS. Carl, 
who d. Dec. S, 1885; is a surjreon dentist in Polo, III. 
811. Licwis Edwakd, b. Feb. 17, 1SG1 ; m. .July 25, 1885, Illioda P. Stralil. 

421 Polly M. 8 Treat {John,' Thomas? Timothy* Richard,* Thomas? Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born April 2G, 182-1, in Aurora, Erie Co., N. Y. ; died Dec. 3, 1888; married 
Jan. 1, J8oU, Stephen Wheeler. 

Children of Stephen and Polly M. Wheeler: 

812. Minerva E., a b. March o, 1851. 

813. Anna M., b. Sept. 1!>, 1S52; d. Feb. 27, 1853. 

814. J. Treat, b. Dec. 15, 1853; d. Oct. 4, 18G0. 

815. Frank S., b. Doc. 10, 1855. 

810. II. Bebcheu, 1). Oct. 4, 1858: m. Sept. 18, 18S9, Kate Trevett. Son : 
1. Paul T. 10 Wheeler, b. Aug. 23, 1890. 

425 Payette p Treat (John," Thomas? Timothy? Richard? Tlwmas? Richard? 
Richard*), born Jan. 8, 1831, in Aurora, Erie Co., X. Y. ; married Oct. 2G, 18o3, Martha 
Griffith. Besides in East Concord, Erie Co., N. Y. Is a fanner. 
Children, born in East Concord : 
817. IIattie E., 9 b. June 0, 1855; in. Oct. 20, 1878, Byron E. Walters. 
818. Ella I., b. July 13, 1857; m. Nov. 22, 1881, James Lowry. 

427 Charlotte 8 Treat (John? Thomas? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born Nov. 10, 1835, in .Aurora, Is'. Y. ; married May 20, 1858, Fayette Cor- 
ein. The}' reside in East Concord, Erie Co., N. Y. 

Children of Fayette and Charlotte Corbin, born in East Concord : 

81!». Ksii.i.u: C., 9 b. July 20, 1S59; m. Oct. It, 1885, Mortimer Leroy Harden. Sous : 

1. Claude C. 10 Hoyden, b. Nov. 8, 1886. 

2. Gerald L. Harden , b. April 17, 1889. 

820. Wiixiasi P.. b. Dec. 21, 1800. 

428 Thomas 8 Treat (John? Thomas? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born Sept. 28, 183.S, in Aurora, N. Y. ; married Sept. 28, 1864, Eva Weal- 
thy Daley, born March 22, 1843; in Marshall, N. Y. lie resided in Polo, 111., and was 
of the firm of Treat & Brubaker, dealers in hardware and stoves. Resides now in Le- 
mars, Plymouth Co., Iowa. 

Children, born in .Polo: 

821. Wayland Almon," b. Oct. 21, 18GS; resides in Booneville, Ho. 

822. GltACN Louisa, b. June 30. 1872. 

823. Caiiiuk Lillian, b. Dec. 10, 1873.; d. May 4, 1S75. 

»o uicxiahd treat: eighth generation. 

429 Betsy Apphia 8 Treat (John,'' Thomas, 6 Timothy,* Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Rich- 
ard;- Richard 1 ), born Feb. 27, 1843, in Concord, X. Y. ; died June 6, 1881 ; married June 
2C, 1866, Dr. Thomas D. Sturdkvaxt, born April 6, 1834, at .Skinner's Eddy, Wyoming 
Co., Penn. lie is a dentist at Foreston, Ogle Co., 111. 

Children of Dr. Thomas D. and Betsy A. Sturdevant: 

824. Victor, 8 b. April 20, I8G7, at Mendota, La Salle Co., 111. 

825. Harry A., b. May 5, 1872, at Clarence, Cedar Co., Iowa. 

430 John Cornelius 3 Treat (John,'' Thomas* Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 
Richard, 1 Richai-d 1 ), born Dec -JO, 1841, In Concord, Erie Co., N. Y. ; married June 6, 

*18G7, E.m.kx Lkutheka Squiues, born Aug. 11 , 1840, daughter of Jolm and Caroline (.Slow- 
ell) Squires of Concord. Resides in Concord, Erie Co., and is a fanner. 
Son, born in Concord : 

S2C. Thomas S., 9 b. Aug. 2, 1870. 

434 Diadema 8 Treat (Amaziah? Cornelius, 6 Timothy,* Richard 4 , TJiomas, 3 Rich- 
ard, 9 Richard 1 ), born June 8, 1810, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; married Sept. 7, 
1831, Hlmah Barritt, who died Slay 10, 1874. When a child she assisted tier widowed 
mother to support the family in the new settlement, and became very expert with the hand 
loom, upon which the early settlers had to depend for their clothing. Immediately after 
marriage, she moved to New London, Huron Co., Ohio, from which place she emigrated 
ii: the spring of 1849 to Rock county, Wise. She now resides in the village of Clinton, 
in comfortable circumstances. 

Children of Jleman and Diadema Barritt, born in New London : 

827. Augustus Mortimeh, 9 b. ; a. Feb. 18, 187G; umn. ; was a farmer. 

828. Philandkk T., b. Oct. 16, 1805; in. , Mary Mitchel, of Sandusky, Ohio. Is a fann- 

er and resides in Turtle, Rock Co., Wise: lias ohm son and six dans. 
820. SARAH Adamnic, I). Sept. 11, 1839; d. Nov. 30, 1859. 

830. Martha 1)., b. May 2G, 1848; in. , Fernando Wright, and resides in the village of 

Clinton. Has a son ami dan. Resides (1888) in Clinton, Wise. He is a fanner. 

435 Sarah 8 Treat (Amasiah,' 1 Cornelius 6 Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born Feb. 17, 1813, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; died July 30, lS'JO, in 
Clinton, Wise. ; married Sept. 8, 1831, Bkkjamm Park. Like her older sister she did her 
share in supporting the family, and when not attending school, or engaged in other duties, 
■was busy in weaving on her loom. Soon alter her marriage, she removed to New London, 
Huron Co., Ohio, with her husband, mother and brother. There Mr, Lark purchased a 
farm, and she in addition to her household duties, taught school several terms. In the 
spring of 1S47, they sold the farm, and removed to Clinton, Rock Co., Wise, where fhey 

Children of Benjamin and Sarah Park, born in New London: 

831. Benjamin Smith. 5 b. Dec. 21, 183G; m. Sept. 21, 1801, Xellie Schuyler. Has been for 

Hie past live years (1887) principal of tiie State Industrial School at Waukesha, Wise. 

Ibis three sons and one dan. 
8112. Mohtimer Treat, b. July 25, 1841; in., 1st, Dec 21, ISfil, Libbie Hammond, who cl. Feb. 

12, 1883; 2d, .Inly 2C, 1883, Belle Smith of lVwankee, Wise. Is now (1S87) serving his 

third term as Assistant Secretary of Slate, and resides at Madison, Wise. Had two sons 

and one dan. by his first marriage. 
833. John HkMAN, b. Sept. 2, 1845; m. Oct. 2G, 1881, Pleiades Walker of I'enn. Is a farmer 

and railroad engineer, and resides at Rock Island, 111. No issue. 
831. Fkkdriiick Kmkusox, b. Nov. 9, 1834 j m. , Sarah E. Turner, of lScloit, Wise. Is 

a cigar manufacturer, lias one son. 

moiiAKD treat: eighth generation. l>9 

436 Cornelius Mortimer 8 Treat (Amaziah? Cornelius* Timothy? Richard,* 
Thomas? Richard? llichard 1 ), born April 25, 1817, in Angelica, Allegany Co., N. Y. ; 
married Aug. 29, 1841, Phebb Alvika 8 Cuktiss (488), born Feb. 7, 1824, and daughter 
of Charles and Jemima 7 (Treat) Curtiss. Wlien .Air. Treat was old enough to attend 
school, liis mother, though a widow and having no means except her hands to support her 
family, took good care that he should reap all the advantages of an education that she with 
her limited means could afford. Consequently he was kept at school, both summer and 
winter, till he was ten years old. lie then commenced to work on the farm during the 
summer season, and attended school in the winter. Thus he continued till he was nine- 
teen years old, when on the 27th of August, 1836; he with his mother and youngest sister, 
moved to the town of New London, Huron Co., Ohio. He here worked on a small farm 
which the family had purchased, dining the summer, and taught school during the winter 
months. In the spring of 1847, he and his mother disposed of their property, which had 
increased to quite a farm, and moved, to Rock county, Wise, where his youngest sister had 
preceded him. Here lie was engaged in farming till 1849, when he became proprietor of 
the American Hotel, in Belvidcre, III. In the fall of 1853, he sold out his hotel and pur- 
chased property in Janesville, which he sold in 1855, and bought a farm in Turtle, Keck 
Co., Wise. He also taught school, and was superintendent of the schools of the town. In 
1862, he was elected a member of the legislature, and in 1865, county superintendent of 
schools, in which capacity he served four terms, or eight years. His educational labors 
may be summarized as follows : taught school eighteen years ; was town superintendent 
nine years and county superintendent eight years. He and his wife now (1S92) reside 
in the village of Clinton, Rod; County, Wise. Am indebted to him for the record of most 
of the descendants of Cornelius 6 Treat and his brother Ebenezer, 6 as well as for informa- 
tion in regard to other families. 

Children, the first born in New London, the second in Turtle: 

835. F.mii.v IHalima,' 1). Aiis,-. Hi, 1842; m. M.ij 20, 18G7, Oscar C. Gates. 

833. Curtiss Mortimrr, b. April 2'J, 1857 ; m. Jan. 30, 1883, Jennie Farriiigton. 

437 Charlotte Adaline 8 Treat (Amaziah? Cornelian? Timothy? Richard? 
Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born June 1,1819, in Angelica, Allegany Co., N. Y. ; 
married March 10, 1838, Joel Miner, who died March 10. 1874, in Clinton, Lock Co., 
Wise. In 1836, she removed from New York, with her mother and brother, to New Lon- 
don, Huron Co., Ohio, and engaged in teaching till her marriage in 1838. In the fall of 
1845, the family removed to Turtle, Rock Co., Wise, and lived on a farm till 1873, when 
they moved info the village of Clinton, where she now (1887) resides. 

Children of Joel and Charlotte A. Miner, the first two born in New London, the others 
in Turtle : 

8;17. Huldah Jank, 9 b. April I, 1830; m. Jan. 2."., 1S(J2, Philip Salisbury, a carpenter and 
joiner. Resides in Hampton, Iowa. Has three sons. 

838. Wallace Treat, b. 'Nov. IS, 1844; a. Aug. 15, 1872; m. Oct. 30, 18G7, Alvira Gates of 

Turtle, who d. Feb. 1, 1873: Was a runnel . Had a son : 
1. George 10 Miner, 1>. , who resides ill Chicago. 

839. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Feb. 1 !, 1847 ; m. July 25, 18G9, Joseph T. Butler, a clerk. Resides 

in Clinton. No issue. 

840. 'Mary Admjxk, b. Jan. 23, 1849; in. Dec. 23, 1SCS, Klnalhan F. Vnndciiyne, a farmer. 

Resides in Clinton. Has one riau. 

841. Ida May, b. March 31, 1850; .1. March 17, 1874. 

842. Gkougu Mortimer, b. March 19, 1858; r!. Any. 11, 18GG. 


813. Ralph MKiMirrr, b. Mnrch 24, 1803; unm. Is a farmer and resides on the homestead at 
Turtle, Wise. 

447 Robert Redcus 8 Treat (Alvin? Cornelius* Timothy? Richard? Thomas, 3 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born Dec 1.'!, 1819, in Mention, Monroe Co., X. Y. ; married, first, 
Dec. 10, 1849, Betsey 8. Vickeky, in Somerset, Niagara Co., N. Y., who died May 1-1, 
1872; second, Feb. 27, 1878, Mrs. Adklia Arnold. He is a promiiient fruit grower in 
Somerset, N. Y. 

Children, horn in Somerset, by his first marriage: 

ylt. Elgia E., b. June 14, 1S51 ; m. Jan. 31, 1873, Jennie Huimes of Somerset. Is a druggist 
and resides in Syracuse, N. Y. No issue. 

815. Floua A., Ii. Jan. 2, 1854; in. Jan. 30, 1874, Neal Van Wagoner. Resides in Somerset, 

and lias four children. 

816. Ella M., b. Nov. 1, 185G; m. March — , 187G, Arthur Bennett. Resides in Somerset. 

448 George Nelson 8 Treat (Alvin? Cornelius, 6 Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 
Richard, 3 Richard 1 ), horn Feb. 16, 1822, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; married Oct. 
13, 18f>3, EiXEX C. Hill, of Rocliester, N. Y. lie remained on his father's farm in Men- 
don till after his marriage, when he removed to Somerset, Niagara Co., X. Y., where his 
brother Robert I!. Treat resided, his father having just died there. In 1803, lie pur- 
chased a farm in Mendon, and is now (1887) doing a thriving business there in a meat 
market, in company with his son Alva B. Treat. 

Children, the fust two born in Somerset, the third in Mendon: 
847. Frederick A., 5 b. March 10, 1859; in. Jan. 1:4 , 1883, Ida Featherstone. 

818. Alva B., b. Sept. 14, 18G2. Resides witli his parents, and is in company with Ins father 

in the meat business at Mendon. 

819. Fmxi; Jay, b. June 4, 1871. 

449 Mercy C. 8 Treat (Airing Cornelius, 6 Timothy, 5 Richard,' 1 Thomas? Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born Nov. 28, 1829, in Yates, Orleans Co., N. Y. ; married May 23, 1858, 
Daniel H. Mead, whodicd July 2G, 1871, in Milwaukee, Wise. Immediately after mar- 
riage, the)- settled in Two Rivers, Manitowoc Co., Wise, and afterwards removed to Mil- 
waukee, where her husband died leaving her with three children, the others having died. 
Soon after she returned to Somerset, N. Y., where she now (1887) resides. 

Children of Daniel 11. and Mercy C. Mead: 

850. Harry II., 9 b. Feb. 23, 1830. 

851. Hann-aii E.. b. Oct. 13, ISC,:'; m. Nov. 5, 1879, Solomon W. Frost. 

852. Mi.NMi- I,., b. April 18, 1864. 

453 Susan A. 6 Treat (H, njamin Palmer? Cornelius? Timothy? Richard? Thorn- 
as? Richard? RicJiard 1 ), born July 4, 1825, in Angelica, Allegany Co., N. Y. ; died 
Sept. IS, 1867; married .Ian. 13, L842, A. W. Dlnkin. 

Children of A. W. and Susan A. Dunkin : 

853. Mary Amelia, 8 b. . 

854. Fkank Treat, b. . 

855. Mattik Elizabeth, b. . 

850. Sakaii Cahuie, b. . 

454 Mary V? Treat (Benjamin Palmer? Cornelius? Timothy? Richard? TJtom- 
as? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Dec. 27, 182G, in Angelica, Allegany Co., N. Y. ; mar- 

mciiAiii) treat: eighth generation. 101 

ricii Dec. 25, 1845, Nathan C. Hammond. Had ten children, eight of whom are still 
living in Pennsylvania. 

Children of Nathan C. and Mary V. Hammond : 

8.57. Geokgk P.," b. ■ ; in. , Amanda Buckley. 

808. Susan C, b. ; in. , II. X. Harder. 

859. Mart T., I). ; in. ■ , Henry Ycntzer. 

860. DwiCiilT L., b. ; m. , Emmn Babcock. 

801. Frank D., b. ; in. , Celia Wighliiian. 

Sfi2. Minnie, b. . 

803. Clara, 1). . 

864. Jessie, b. . 

456 Charlotte Jane" Treat (Cornelius Dwelly? Cornelius, 6 Timothy, 5 Richard? 
Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard 1 ), born Nov. 24, 1823, at. Palmyra, Wayne Co., X. Y. ; died 
April 5, 1847, at Battle Creek, Mich. ; married Sept. 22, 1815, at Niles, Mich., Rev. 
Gkorge V. Texbrooke, a Baptist minister. 

Son of George V. and Charlotte J. Tenbrooke : 

865. William, 9 b. . Ran away from home at the commencement of (he Rebellion; en- 

listed in tlu 1 army, and served through the war. Was 11 sergeant, and iittuched to 
Sherman's staff during his celebrated march to tlie sea. Was aflerward.s an engineer 
on a locomotive on the Northern Pacific R. R., running out of Duluth, Minn. 

457 Charles Goodman 8 Treat (Cornelius Dwell;/,- 1 Cornelius? Timothy. 5 Rich- 
ard? Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard 1 ), born Feb. 10, 1826, in Middleburgh, Schoharie Co., 
N. Y. ; died Any;. 7, 1880, at Folsomdale, Wyoming Co., N. V.; married May ;">, 1851, 
Cjilok Mead, born May 20, 1*32. Was a mason by trade. 

Children, born in Folsomdale : 
8u0. Frank, 9 b. Feb. 3, 1852. 
867. Wright, b. Dec. 3 ; 18.57; in. Nov. Ifi, IS77/., llattie L. I.ucUey. 

458 Cornelius Amaziah" Treat (Cornelius Dwelly? Cornelius? Timothy? Rich- 
ard? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born April 15, 1828, in West Bloomlield, Ontario 
Co., N. Y. ; married .lunv ];;, ) 8,00, at Cassopolis, ("ass Co., Mich., Lucinda C. Rkniox, 
of East Aurora, N. Y. Mr. Treat learned the trade of a carpenter and joiner, and also 
became proficient as an architect and mechanical draughtsman. At. the breaking out of 
the rebellion he was mustered into the first company organized in northeast, Missouri, at 
the first call of President Lincoln for 75,000 three months men. A\'as sworn into the ser- 
vice by Gen. Lyon at St. Lonis, Mo. "Was honorably discharged at the expiration of his 
term of enlistment. Was next mustered into the state militia, where he served during 
the war, doing duty in northeast Missouri. Held the oiliee of corporal in the company. 
Served one term as alderman in the city of Hannibal. Is now (188G) superintendent of 
construction of the new government court, house, and post office being erected at Hanni- 
bal. Received his appointment from President. Arthur in July, 1881. Is the head of the 
firm of the Treat Car Wheel Manuf. Co., Hannibal, carrying on a foundry and machine 
shop for the manufacture of car wheels, eastings, and other supplies generally used by 
railroad companies. His sons with him form the company. 

Children : 

80S. James W.,* b. Feb. :'::, 1851, in Michigan City, Mich. ; m. .Tan. 28. 188C, Oru Barton. 
8G0. Geohoic B., b. March :», 1858, at Gulrti, Henry Co., 111.; m. Oct. 6, 1881, Emily L. Miller, 

at Jacksonville, Morgan Co., Ill 
870; William !■;., b. June 23, 1864, at Hannibal. 


459 Benjamin Palmer 3 Treat (Cornelius Dioell'/,'' Cornelius* Timothy? Rich- 
ard, 4 Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Dec. 20, 1830, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; 
died Aug. 9, 1874, at Spartn Centre, Kent Co., Mich. ; married , 1851, Clarissa But- 
ler, who died March 28, 1872, aged forty-one, in Tyrone, Kent Co., Mich. He removed 
from New York and settled in Tyrone, in 18GG. Was engaged in the saw-mill business. 

Children, the first three born in Knowlesville, Orleans Co., the fourth in Alabama Cen- 
tre, Genesee Co., N. Y. : 

871. IltA Ralvh, 9 b. Aug. 1G, 1855; m. March 24, 1879, Mary Patterson. 

872. Loi he, b. Aug. — , 1857; d. . 1S59. 

873. Nulsox. b. March 81, 1862; unm. Is Tin engineer and reside in Kalkaska, Mich. 

874. Ji ISA Eli a,1j. July 2, 18UG; in. Nov. 4, 1890, Earl Drew, liesides in Grand K.ipids, Mich. 

460 John Jay s Treat (Cornelius Dioelly? Cornelius? Timothy? Richard, 4 Thom- 
as? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Dee. 12, 1834, in Yates, Orleans Co., N. Y. ; married Nov. 
14, 1860, at Winona, 111., Elizabeth Jam: Ui.kky, bom Dee. 26, 1839, in Hillsborough, 
Washington Co.,Penn. ; died Jan. 1, 1877, in Hannibal, Missouri, and daughter of David 
and Saliie (Drake) Ulery. He learned the machinist's trade, and was early an engineer 
on the Michigan Central R. R. At the breaking out of the rebellion, he was general fore- 
man of locomotive rebuilding at I he Hannibal and St. Joseph R. R. shops, Hannibal, Mo., as 
well as for fifteen years after this time. At Lincoln's first, call for volunteers, within three 
days there were three companies drilling in Hannibal. Mr. Treat was in Co. A, Mar- 
ion County Battalion, Reserved Corps, Capt. Joseph Lootnss. These were mostly railroad 
men, and they did noble service in preventing the railroad from felling into the hands of 
the enemy. Served in the Union army under Gen. John .McNeil, in Col. J. T. Iv. I lay ward's 
Reg't of Missouri Home Guard Militia. Was at the battle of Centralia, Willow 
Cheek, and in many skirmishes with guerillas and bushwhackers then overrunning the 
stale. Ran the engine which conveyed General Cram and his Illinois troops from Hannibal 
to Salt River bridge, where a skirmish was fought -with the enemy a few days before the 
battle of Belmont. Served to the end of the war. His grandfather, Cornelius, gave him 
the old flintlock musket which lie carried during the Revolution. Continued to reside in 
Hannibal till after ilie death oi his wife, when he removed to Kansas City, Mo., where he 
now (1891) resides. 

Children, born in Hannibal : 
875. Kowin CnArix." b. Nor. 27, 18G1 ; m. Nov. 2. 18S7, Ada Covert Oiler. 
87G. JaCOU I.minix, b. Feb. 23, 18G3; d. Sept. 27. 18G4, in Hannibal. 
877. JOHN .1 \v, b. Oct. 9, 18C4 ; m. .Ian. 15, 188S, Elizabeth Hurley. 

878. Victor Hugo, b. Sept. 2S, 18GG; m. June 29, JS'.IO, at Ossawatnmie, Kansas, Clara. V. 
Manes, b. April G, 1S70, in Stryker, Ohio, and daughter of William and Mary (Parker) 
Mapes. He is a machinist at. Ossawatomic. 
870. BURNETT.FBANciii, b. Sept. 27, ISfiS. Is a lumber inspector, Union Pacific )?. R., Kansas 

880. Lillian Elizabeth, b. Sept. 28, 1870; m. Sept. 22, 18S9, Silas M. Johnson. 

881. Viviajt, I). ; d. Sept. 28. 187."., in Hannibal. 

882. WlLUUH, 1). ; A. Jan. 12, 1877, in Hannibal. 

463 George Ellery 8 Treat (Ellery Sanford? Cornelius? Timothy? Richard, 4 
Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), burn .tune In, 1836, in Rochester, X. Y.; married, first, 
Dee. — , 1860, Eliza Coulson, at Albany, N. Y., who died Jan. 2, 1870 ; second, Aug. 
I*, 1880, Martha Wait Bicelow, of Milwaukee, born April 13, 1845, and daughter of Dr. 
Thomas and Jennie C. (Gordon) Bigelow. Is a dealer in sewing machines in Milwau- 
kee, Wise. 


Children, by his Qrst marriage: 

883. Lizzie Coulson," b.Oct. C, 1861. 
By his second marriage : 

881. Anna BiGELOW.b. April 19, 1882. 

466 Adelaide 8 Treat (Noah Nelson? Cornelius* Timothy? Ricliard, 4 Thomas? 
Richard* Richard 1 ), born April 30, 1837, in Mention, Monroe Co., N. i . ; married Doc. 
1, 1859, Elisha D. North. He is a fanner and resides in East Blooinfickl, Ontario Co., 
N. Y. 

Daughter of Elisha D. and Adelaide North* 

885. Amelia, 9 b. March 12, 18G1 ; m. Nov. 12, 18S+, Edgar F. Burt of Mendon. 

467 Harriot, Palmer 8 Treat (Noah Nelson? Cornelius? Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 
Thomas, 3 Richard;- Richard 1 ), born May 8, 1841, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; mar- 
lied Feb. i, 1858, Edward Caby. He resides in Pittsl'ord, Monroe Co., IS'. Y. 

Son of Edward and Harriet P. Cady : 

886. George K., 9 b. June 28, 1861. Resides (1887) vitii his parents. 

468 Jay Strong* Treat {John Jay? Cornelius? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born May 25, 1836, in Edwardsburgh, Cass Co., Mich. ; married 
May 6, 1862, Amelia Munn Parker. Was formerly a furniture dealei in Minneapolis, 
Minn. Resides now (1889) in Newark, N. J. Is cashier of the Merchants National 

Children : 

887. Edward Payson, 8 b. July 10, 1SC3; d. about 18S6. 

888. Berime Jay, Ij. June 9, 1866; d. Oct. 17, 1867. 

4.73 Henry C? Treat (Joseph Randolph? Cornelius? Timothy? Ricliard, 4 Thom- 
as? Richard? Richard 1 ), born , 1834, in Toronto, Canada; married March 10. 

1858, Kate A. Potnam. lie is now (1887) and has been for the last twenty-live years 
in the employ of the United States Express Co., in Milwaukee, Wise. Resides at 612 Syc- 
amore street. 

Daughter, born in Milwaukee: 

8S9. Nellie It., b. July 10, 1850 ; in. Oct. 13, 1885, Horace W\ Griggs. 

474 Nellie M. b Treat (Joseph Randolph? Cornelius? Timothy? Richard? Thom- 
as? Richard? Richard 1 ), born April 2.'~>, 1837, in Toronto, Canada; married Dec. 15, 

1859, George KicnriKLi) Chittenden, born July 11, 1834, died Aug. 27, 1881, in Chi- 
cago, 111. He was a refiner of oil from Indian coin, and acquired an ample fortune in his 
business. His widow still resides in the city at 269 Ontario street. 

Children of George R. and Nellie M. Chittenden, born in Chicago: 

890. Evangeline K.vtuerine, 9 b. Sept. 13, 1861; in. Nov. 2, 18S6, Clinton Jay Warren. 

891. GkohGk WiiKKUiit, I). March 31, 18G3. 
8!i2. Frederick William, b. April 30, 1868. 
893. lli-:vu\ Wiuteuouse, 1). Nov. 19, 1870. 

497 William Marcus 8 Treat (Ebenezer Hamlin? Ebenezer? Timothy? Richard? 
Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Aug. 22, 1833, in Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y. ; 
married Oct. 31, I860, Jennetxe C. Bradley, of Turtle, Rock Co., Wise. In October, 


1817, he emigrated to Montgomery Co., Iowa. He now resides in Lincoln, Polk Co., 


Children, the first and fourth born in Turtle, the second and third in Clinton, Wise., the 

others in Lincoln : 

894. Auihk K., 9 b. Sept. 27, 18GI ; in. Jan. 7, 188G, William H. Eaton. Resides in Thomas Co., 


805. Edwaud Bhadi.ev, 1 

on -. „ ,, I twins, b. March 20, 18G7. 

89G. Eiii;.\!./.i:i: HAMUS, I 

897. M.UIE1. ],., I). Sept. 24, I8G8. 

898. Caukoi.l Newcomk, b. Jan. 23, 1S70. 

899. Etiikl E., :.. July 19, 1881. 

49S Mary Louisa 9 Treat (Ebenezer Hamlin? Ebenezer? Timothy, 5 Richard,* 
Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard 1 ), born Oct. 14, 1835, in Huron Co., Ohio; married April 
19, I860, Edgai; E. Hatch. He is a mechanic and resides in Clinton, Hock Co., Wise. 

Children of Edgar E. and Mary L. Hatch, born in Clinton: 

900. Mai:ci s Woods, 9 b. Aug. 27, 1803. 

901. Minkik L., I). March 2:!, 1S65. 

902. Harlow, b. Sept. 19, 18GG. 

903. Hamun Tukat, b. May 20, 1870. 

904. Fausta T,, b. Sept. 21, 1S73. 

500 Franklin Hall 8 Treat (Ebenezer IlamJin? Ebenezer? Timothy? Richard? 
Thomas?* Richard? Richard 1 ), born Sept. 10, 1843, in Huron Co., Ohio; married Sept. 
2C, 1866, Ellen .T. Case, of Clinton, Wise. He resides (1887) in Lenox, Dakota. 

Children, lioni in Evansville, Rock Co., Wise. : 

905. Marcia E., 8 b. Oct. 17, 1RGS. 

906. Claudu, I). March 18, 1871. 

501 Caroline E. 8 Treat (Ebenezer Hamlin? Ebenezer? Timothy? Richard? Thom- 
as? Richard? RichunV), born Jan. 15, 1850, in Turtle, Wise.; married May 14, 1874, 
Watland M. Newell. Is a book-keeper and resides (1887) in Des Moines, Iowa. 

Children of Wayland M. and Caroline E. Newell, the first bom in Clermont, Iowa, the 
Others in Des Moines : 

907. Aha E., 8 1). Jan. 17, 1877. 

908. Ada, b. .April 15, 1S79. 

909. Mabicl, b. Sept. 8, lsso. 

502 Empress M. S. R Treat (Ebenezer Hamliv? Ebeneser? Timothy? Richard? 
Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Aug. 5, 1854, in Turtle, Wise.; married Oct. 9, 
1870, James L. Pangboust. lie is a merchant engaged in the boot, and shoe business in 
Clinton. Wise. 

Children of James L. and Empress M. S. Pangborn, born in Clinton: 

910. IStkkl 1'.," b. Oct. 15, Ism). 

911. Myrtlb M., b. Jan. 11, 1834. 

504 Benjamin Franklin* Treat (Aloin? Charles? (?) Thomas? Richard? 
Tlwmas? Richard,- Richard 1 ), horn Nov. •_•[',, 183.), in Bethel, Ontario Co., N. Y. ; mar- 
ried, first, July I, 1850, Jam- Scott, in Kinsman, Trumbull Co., Ohio, who died IVIi. 8, 
1SJ2; second, April 2, 1853, Azuuaii AkxConghos, in Colcbrook, Ashtabula Co., Ohio; 


third, Jan. lit. 1S75, Thusa E. Brown, of Coopersville, Ottawa Co., Mich. Mr. Treat 
enlisted in 18G1, in the 1st Midi. Cavalry, and in Nov., 1862, was promoted to be 2d 
Lieut, in the 8th Mich. Cavalry. He resigned in 18G4, owing to ill health, and lias been 
a great sufferer ever since from rheumatism. Is a dentist by profession, liesides in 

Children, the first two born in Colcbrook, the third in Disco, Mich., the fourth in Pon- 
tiac, Mich., and the others in Coopersville, by his second marriage : 

912. Emma, b. June 8, 1855. •; 

013. Frank Congdon, b. May 1, 1857; m. Sept. 3, 1888, Molllc Brady. 

314. Elt >., Ik An.;;. 5, 185!). 

915. Wiixarj) V., b. Sept. }, 1801. 

By his third marriage: 

916. Harry Brown, b. Sept. 19, 1870; d. Dec. 30, 1870. 

917. Bicssia Frances, b. April 30, 1878. 

918. Carl Fremont Dean, b. Sept. 17, 1881. 

50S Andrew J. 8 Treat (Sylvester," 1 diaries, 6 ? Thomas, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 
Richard, 5 Richard}), born April 10, 1829, in North Almond, Allegany (Jo., K. Y. ; mar- 
ried, first, , 1852, Emily Norris, from whom he was divorced in 18G2 ; second, Aug. 20, 

18C2, Sarah Jane Cook, of Panama, Chautauqua Co., N. Y., born 1833, died Oct. 15, 
1867, in Panama; third, April 30, 1868, Mrs. Lucy E.>:, born Aug. 20, 1812. 
Besides (1888) in Dalton, Muskegon Co., Ohio. 

Children, the first born in Mesopotamia, Trumbull Co., Ohio, the second and third at 
Panama, N. Y., by his first marriage. : 

919. Mary C., a b: Aug. 20, 1854; d. , 1859. 

By his second marriage : 

920. Mary C, b. May ?., 1S63; m. July 1, 188?, John H. Smith. 
921. Charles E., b. i''el>. 20, 18G5. liesides (1888) in Panama, N. Y., and is a dealer in gro- 
ceries, provisions, crockery, tobacco, etc. Has famished mc with information. 

509 Amanda L. 8 Treat (Sylvester? Charles, ? Thomas, 5 Richard, 4 Tlwmas, 3 Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 ), born April 10, 1829, in North Almond, Allegany (Jo., N. Y. ; married 
, 1859, Zends'Wriuiit. Besides in Naples, Ontario Co., N. Y. 

Son of Zenus and Amanda L. Wright: 
!I22. JoSUPn, 8 b. Jan. 1, 1866. 

510 AInrira 8 Treat (Sylvester, 7 Charles ? Thomas, 5 Richard, 4 TJiomas? Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born March 12, 1831, in North Almond, Allegany Co., N. Y. ; died April 3, 

1872, at Burr Oak, St. Joseph Co., Mich.; married , 1819, Ezra Webb. He has 

married .igain and resides at Athens, Mich. 

Daughter of Ezra and Almira Webb : 
923. Mariau, 9 b. , 1850. 

516 Mary .Ann 8 Treat (Roland," Daniel? ? Tliomas? Richard, 4 Thomas? Rich- 
ard,- Richard 1 ), born Dee. 27, 1824, in Gorliam, Ontario Co., N. Y. ; married Aug. 18, 
1847, George Guild, born Oct. 29, 1827, and son of Elisha and Eunice B. (Esly) Guild. 
Is a prosperous farmer in Colcbrook, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. 

Children of George and Mary A. Guild, bom in Colcbrook: 
924 . Thomas Segismkr," b. Dec. 3, 1848. 

! 1 


025. Esta A., b. Sept. 14, 1849; d. May 17, 187C. 

020. Chaklks M., b. Oct. 3, 1853; d. Juno 9, 18G9. 

!i27. Chakles Awiam, b. Jan. 12, I8G0; d. Feb. 20, 1SG2. 

028. COKA A., b. Aug. 3, 18H3; (I. Nov. 9, 1875. 

517 Oscar F. 8 Treat (Roland? Daniel* ? Thomas, 6 Richard* 'Thomas,' Ricliard? 
Richard 1 ), born Dec. 3, 182(5, in Gorham, Ontario Co., X. Y. ; married, first, Dec. 15, 1817, 
Lydia A. Cleveland, who died Jan. 8, 18G7 ; second, Nov. 3. 1807, Susan A. Stults. Is 
a substantial farmer, and resides in Colebrook, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, on a part of the old 
homestead, lie i<; a deacon in the Baptist '-church of that town, and is highly respected. 

Children, born in Colebrook, by his fnst marriage: 

929. Eugene A., £ b. Sept. 16, ISIS; m., 1st, ; 2d, . Is engaged in railroading 

somewhere in the west. Has five daus. 
930. Emeby V., b. Feb. 20, 1850; m. June 14, 1870, Mary C. Jones. 

931. Fkank E., b. Dec. 80, 1856; m., 1st, Oct. 23, 1883, Lillian Rice, who d. May 15, lSK-f ; 2d, 

June 6, 1880, Olive Cool. Is a merchant. 

932. AkdaI?., b. March 17. 1801 ; in., about 18S2, Clarence Crook. He is a railroad man, and 

resides near Rochester, N. Y. No issue. 

By his second marriage : 

933. Lydia E., b. March 17, 1870. 

934. MaiiyE., b. Sept. is, 1873. 

518 Jonathan Cole* Treat (Roland, 1 ' Daniel* '! Thomas* Richard* Thomas* 
Richard,- Richard 1 ), boin Aug. 31, 1828, in Gorham, Ontario Co., X. Y. ; married Jan. 
8, 1847, Lucinda. M. Alger. He resides in Geneva, Ohio. Both l;c and his wife arc 
faithful members of the Baptist clinic!], and are full of good works. Is not engaged in 
active business. 

Children : 

936. jAYP.,'b.Oct. 10,1851; m. April 3, 1873, Ellen H. Stockham. Noissue. He spent his early 

boyhood on his father's farm. Prepared for college at Grand River Institute. Austin- 
burg, Ohio; entered Mt. Union College, Mt. Union, Ohio, in 1871, and graduated in the 
classical course; taught school in New York for one year; was principal of tlie Kings- 
ville, Ohio, Academy, for three years ; and principal of the Geneva Normal School for 
six years. Health failing somewhat, lie gave up leaching, and is now engaged in the 
newspaper business, being the editor of The Geneva Times, a well-known Republi- 
can paper of northeastern Ohio, published by I-Iawley & Treat. He has been somewhat 
prominent in politics. — a leader in the Republican ixirty for some years past, and lias 
held several positions of trust. In 18S0, lie was a leading candidate for the office of 
State School Commissioner of Ohio. lie led all the other candidates in the Conven- 
tion, but was finally defeated by a combination nf the other candidates. lias always 
taken a deep interest in educational matters, and has been a school examiner for sev- 
eral years. 
93(1. Ei-MOiiv: J., b. Nov. 5, 18J4 ; m. July 4, 1S78, Hattlc Newstead. No issue. He Is a farmer 
and mechanic. 

937. Clayton A. , b. May 17, 1857; d. May 21, 1872. He was the- flower of the family. Rup- 

tured a blood vessel while jumping, and died from the effects a few days afterwards. 

938. Ella B., b. Feb. 3, 1803; d. Dee. 21, 1883; m. March 3, 1883, Frederick .\. Graves. She 

was a very bright and lovable uonian. lie was a graduate of the Geneva Normal 


939. KllNKST, 1 , . . „ 

, ,. , I twins, b. Nov. ,, 187-1 ; d. in infancy. 

520 William Henry* Treat (Rolayul? Daniel* ? Thomas,- Richard,* Thomas* 


Richard* Richard'*), horn Sept. 29, 18:11, in Colcbrook, Ashtabula Co., Ohio; married, 

first, , 1858, Mary Loveland, who died about 1877; second, about 1879, Ann Dillon. 

He was a soldier during the rebellion, serving nearly three years in the Cth Ohio Volun- 
teer Cavalry. He spent one summer in Andersonville prison, and suffered almost inde- 
scribably. He now resides in Geneva, Ohio, and is not engaged in any active business. 
Children, born in Geneva, by his first marriage: 

941. Flora L., 8 b. July 1, 1859; m. , William Hillyer. Has two children. 

012. Frances E., b. Pec. 3, 1861. 

943. Carme M., b. Dec. 3, I8G3 ; m. ■ , Casslus Hillyer. Has one son. 

Oil. Mary, b. J;,ly 27. 1870. 

915. Nellie, b. April 21, 1872; cl. in infancy. 

524 Hiram Francis 8 Treat (Lyman, 7 Ashbd, 6 Ashbel? Richard* Thomas* Rich- 
ard, 2 Richard 1 ), born Nov. — , 181 G, in Port Byron, near Auburn, Cayuga Co., N. Y. ; 

died Nov. 2, 1876, at Madison, Wise, suddenly of heart disease ; married, first, , 

Emeline O. Tcsell, who died about 1855 ; second, Oct. 20, 1857, Pamelia Sims, born 
April S, 1828, in Philadelphia, Jefferson Co., N. Y., and daughter of George and Hannah 
Sims, who now (1888) resides with her parents i:i Alton, Rock Co., "Wise. Mr. Treat was 
a tailor by trade and did an extensive custom and ready-made clothing business in lioon- 
vilic, Oneida Co., N. Y., till about 1855, when from circumstances beyond his control he 
failed in business. He then removed to Wisconsin, and after a short stay at Jefferson 
went into business at Madison. After the panic of 1857, he removed to Janesville, Wise, 
and in the fall of 1861, removed to Anthony, how Minneapolis, where he carried on busi- 
ness as a tailor. 

Children, the fust live born at Boonville, N. Y., the sixth in Janesville, Wise, the 
seventh in Minneapolis, by his first marriage : 

01(3. Clarissa, 8 b. ■ ; cl. in infancy. 

947. Clarissa Lucy, b. , 1815; cl. Oct. 2G, 1878, at, Alton; ra. , 1873, William II. 


94S. Amasa. Harry, b. ; m. , Sarah . 

940. Charles Vlbicrt, b. . He enlisted about 1875 in the U. 8. army at Fort Snelling, 

Minn., and nothing has been heard from him since. Supposed to be dead. 
950. Flora Adda, b. ■ ; d. , a^ed 2 yrs. 

By his second marriage : 
851. Georoe Lyman, b. Nov. 14, 1859; m. Jan. 1, 1884, Carri? E. Nellis. 

952. Hannah Stella, b. Aug. 5, 1So2; in. Jan. 29, 1883, George C. Antisdel. 

531 Warren Augustus 8 Treat (Justus,"! Ashhel, r - Ashbel? Richard* Thoma.s, 3 
Richard,- Richard. 1 ), born Feb. 27, 1828, in Throopville, Cayuga Co., N. Y. ; married 
Nov. 1, 1855, Abby S. Goodrich. Is a retired merchant, and resides in Marengo, 
McITenry Co., 111. 

Children, born in Marengo: 

953. Edwin W., 9 b. Dec. 2G, 1858; m. May — , 1881,' Nellie Sliumway. 

954. Madora A., b. Dec. 1, ] sr,5 ; m. Oct. 27, 18SC, Irving Crocker. Reside in Chicago. No 

532 Thaddeus Justus 8 Treat (Justus? Ashbd? Ashbel, 5 Richard; 1 Thomas? 
Richard,- Richard*), born Jan. 13, 1833, in Throopville, Cayuga Co., N. Y. ; married 
June 7, 1868, Mrs. Elizabeth Monihia (Locke) Moore, born in Putnam, Washington 


Co., N. Y., and daughter of Joseph and Joanna Locke. Mr. Treat was brought up in 
the towns of Mentz and Sonnet, Cayuga Co., N. Y. In 1854, lie went to Indiana, where 
lie was engaged in building railroads. Oct. 30, 18G2, was mustered into the 54th regi- 
ment Indiana Vols. ; was in the battle of Chickasaw, Port Gibson, at the siege of 
Vicksburg and the battle of Jackson, Miss., whence the regiment was sent to Texas. Was 
mustered out Dec. 8, 1863, at New Orleans. Was promoted, to be hospital steward March 
7, 1S63. Has held the offices of postmaster, moderator of a school district, and is a mem- 
ber of the G. A. R. Is a carpenter by trade, but is now engaged in engineering in Ton- 
quish, Wayne Co., Mich. 

Children, born in Nankin, Wayne Co., Mich.: 

955. Justus James, 9 b. March 22, 18G9. 

95C. Cii.u:li:s Augustus, b. April 2C, JS71. 

533 Benjamin Miller 8 Treat (Justus, 1 Ashbel, 6 Ashbelf Richard, 4 Thomas,-* 
Richard, 5 Richard 1 ), born Oct. 19, 1810, in Throopvillc, Cayuga Co., N. Y. ; married 
Feb. 22, 1867, Elizabeth J'ickakd. Is a saw-maker. Resides in Tonawanda, Erie Co., 
N. Y. 

Children, born in Tonawanda : 

p;;i. Charles Benjamin,' b. Dec. 4, 1SC8. 
958. Macd Ellis, b. ,7nue 11, 1879. 
tot). Edith Liana, b. March 6, 1883, 

550 Hannah Maria 6 Treat \Uiram? John 6 Ashbel, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Jiich- 
ard," Richard 1 ), bom Dec. 5, 1828, in Albany, N. Y. ; married July 1>J, !8iG, James A. 


Children of James A. and Hannah Maria Boughton : 
000. Amanda, 9 b. April 25, 1847; <!. March fi, 1853. 
961. James Hknky, b. March 6, 1849; d. Dec. 2. 1S7S; unm. 
9G2. Edward, b. Sept.. 23, 1850; d. Sept.. 7, 1851. 

963. Charles, b. .tan. 7. 1553; d. April 5, 1856. 

553 Margaret Ann" Treat (Iliram? John, 6 Ashbel, 5 Richard, 4 Tliomas 3 Rich- 
ard, 5 Richard 1 ), born March 30, 1837, in Albany, N. Y. ; married Nov. 16, 1858, Welles 
Warneh Montague, born Aug. 29, 1834, in Welliersfield, Conn., and son of John and 
Lucy (Wright) Montague. Is a farmer and resides in South WethersQcld. (See Mon- 
tague Genealogy.) 

Children of Welles W. and Margaret A. Montague: 

964. Lewis Williams,* 1>. March 3, 1S60. 
905. Hattie Lucy, b. Nov. 19, 1862. 

563 Loren Ludlow 8 Treat (Augustus," 1 'Aaron, 6 Ashbel, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 
Richard,- Richard 1 ), born April 10, 1816, in Mentz, Cayuga Co., N. Y. ; died Feb. 11, 
1880, in Orion, Oakland Co., Mich. ; married Sept. 23, 1840, Hannah Jane Kingsland, 
born Aug. 2, 1815, and daughter of Cornelius and Catherine Elizabeth Kingsland. When 
about ten years old he went, under his father's sawmill to cut the ire from the water wheel. 
While there the wheel was started, which threw the water over him, so that ho was frozen 
to the rocks, lie caught a severe cold which resulted in the inflammation and destruction 
of the drums of the ear. This caused a partial deafness which prevented him from attain- 
ing a position to which his talents entitled him, though he became eminent in his profes- , 


sion. His education was obtained under great difficulties. "While attending the Acad- 
011)3' it Port Byron, N. Y., he was also studying law under Lawyer Rollinson, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1839. In 1840, he removed to New Canandaigua, now Orion, Mich., 
where he became a prominent man. Was state senator. 
Children, born in Orion : 
966. Josi.i'ii Augustus, 8 b. Dec. 10, 1S41; m. July 9, 1872, Emma Augusta Starriit. 
067. Oscak Clinton, b. March 12, 1841 ; m. .Tan. 1, 18C2, Charlotte M. Rosengrants. 
iir.S. John Elmer, b. June 21, 1S48; m. April 24, 1870, Kate Gage. Is an optician. 
9G9. Dau., b. ; d. in infancy. 

579 Mary Jane 8 Treat (Edwin E.;> Elijah* John? Richard,* Thomas, 3 Richard ? 
Richard*) , born Oct. 1, 1835, in South Bristol, Ontario Co., N. Y. ; married July 4, 1851, 
Lewis Dhown of South Bristol. 

Children of Lewis and Mary J. Drown, born in South Bristol : 
070. Jake, 8 b. , 1857; d. , 1864. 

971. Franklin, b. , 18G0. 

580 Adeliza Theresa 8 Treat (Albert L.? Elijah? John? Richard? Thomas? 
Richard? Richai-d 1 ), born March 19, 1842, in Bristol, Ontario Co., N. Y. ; married Nov. 
15, 1805, Henry C. Simmons, of West Bloomfield, Ontario Co., N. Y., who died Aug. 29, 

Son of Henry C. and Adeliza T. Simmons, born in West Bloomfield : 

972. Ealph Mokris, 8 b. Feb. 9, 18G7. 

581 Nancy Eveline 8 Treat (Albert L.? Elijah? John? Richard? Thomas? Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 '), born May 27, 1844, in Bristol, Ontario Co., N. Y. ; married Oct. 9, 18G7, 
Henry H. Tubes. During the Rebellion he was a private in the 28th Regt. N. Y. Vols. 
Enlisted May 22, 1861 ; was discharged June 2, 1863. 

Children of Henry H. and Nancy E. Tubbs, the first born in Canandaigua, the second 
in East Bloomfield, Ontario Co., N. Y. : 

973. AuitOA LUCIIXH, 9 b. Nov. 2G, 18G9. 

974. Alma Gem, b. Oct. 28, 1875. 

- 594 Caroline B. 8 Treat (Charles? Charles? Jonathan? Charh-s? Thomas? Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 ), born Oct. 31, 1803, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Jan. 15, 1875 (grave- 
stone, Glastonbury, old burying-gronnd) ; married June 26, 1822, as his second wile, 
Oliver Talcott, born Oct. 23, 1791, died May 4, 1878 (gravestone, Glastonbury). He 
resided in Berlin, Conn. 

Children of Oliver and Caroline B. Talcott: 

975. Maky Blinn, 8 b. May 14, 1828; d. May 6, 1831 (g. s., Glastonbury). 
970. Mautiia A., b. Nov. 5, 18:53; d. April 24, 1847 (g. s., Glastonbury). 

595 Edwin Stratton 8 Treat (Charles? CJiarles? Jonathan? Charles? Thomas? 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born .March 26, 1810, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Oct. 18, 1888, 
in Glastonbury ; married Nov. 27, 1836, Nancy Bock, born Sept. 29, 1809, and daughter 
of Beiioni and Lucretia (Hollistcr) Buck. A\ r as a member of the Legislature in 1852. 
Resided in Glastonbury, Eastbury Parish, and held many town odices. 

Children, born in Glastonbury: 
977. Bhastus Buck, 9 !j. April 10, 1838; in. Nov. 25, 18G3, Rhoda Ann Gosicc. 


978. Royal Charles, b. Pee. 25. 1830; m. Doc. 24, 18C8, Catherine E. Ebcrhart, or Vinton, 

Iowa. She and infant, d.the following year. Has since remained num. Js u publisher 
and bookseller in Chicago, No. 190 Clark St. 

979. Edwin Forrest, b. Oct. 2G, 1841; num.; resides (1888) iu Glastonbury. 

599 JosepIlillG Maria 8 Treat {David, 1 Charles, 6 Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 Tliomas, 3 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born Aug. 17, 1810, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Dec. 25, 1855, in 
Janesville, Wise. ; married April 17, 1838, Cornelius C. Atherton', born in 1815. lie 
removed to South Hadley, Mass., in 1842, and in 18-1G, to Winchester, N. II., where lie 
was a woollen manufacturer. In 1849, he removed to Manchester, Conn., thence in 1851 
to Janesville. 

Children of Cornelius C. and Josephine M. Atherton : 

980. Arthur C., 9 b. Sept. 29, 1839; d. April 13, 1842. 

981. litvi.w Eugene, b. Jan. 22, 1842, in South Iladley, Mass.; in. July 23, 1887, Mrs. Mary 

Leonard. In 184fi removed with his parents to Winchester, X. II. ; in 1819, to Man- 
chester, Conn.; in 1851, to Janesville, Wise, where he remained till the death of his 
mother in 1855, graduating there from the High School; then removed to. Milton, Wise, 
where he finished his studies at the Academy in 1858, removing the same year to Was- 
ioja, Dodge Co., Wise, where he remained in business with his father, milling and mer- 
chandising, till June, 1802, when he removed to St. Paul, Minn. In Nov., 18G4, he 
entered the service of the American Express Co. in that city, and has remained contin- 
uously with this great corporation to the present time, Nov., 1890, having been general 
agent at St. Paul for the last ten years. Mr. Atherton is a member of the St. Paul 
Chamber cf Commerce, a Knight Templar Mason, and coming to St.. Paul at an early 
clay very naturally id a well-to-do, respected and influential citizen. No issue. 

982. Joskmiine Saro, b. Oct. 20, 1846; m. July 11, 18C4, Henry F. fates. Was for many 

years with the American Express Co. ; has been for the last ten. years wi Lh Franklin 
McVeigh & Co. ; wholesale grocers, Chicago. Resides iu St. Paul. Children : 

1. Gerald Atherton 10 Yates, b. April 3, 18G5; m. Jan. 8, 188S, Gratia K. Jones. He 

and his brother are clerks in the American Express Co., St. Paul. Dan. b. in 
St. Paul : 
1. Frances Abby" Yates, b. Sept. 2G, 1888. 

2. Corydon Jay Yates, b. May 20, 1870. 

3. Irving Eugene Y/ates, b. July 4, 1882. 

600 David Sheppard* Treat (David, 1 Charles, 6 Jonathan? Charles? Thomas? 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born Feb. 13, 1821, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died June 10, 1880, in 
"West Point, Va. ; married Sept. 0, 1853, Eliza A. Morgajt, of Plainfield, Otsego Co., 
N. Y.,born Aug. 25, 1821, died Aug. 10, 1878, and daughter cf David 11. and Nancy Mor- 
gan. They were married at Waterloo, N. Y. Mr. Treat lust his father when only three 
years old, and was brought up in the family of Tiiaddeus Welles, brother of Hon. Gideon 
Welles, secretary of the navy under Lincoln. In 1^47, he went to California ; returned 
east; married in New York; went immediately to Glastonbury, Conn.; thence to Cleve- 
land and to Euclid, Ohio ; then to Janesville, Wise, where lie went into mercantile busi- 
ness. In 1866, he removed to West Point, Va., where he started a large saw mill. Was 
one of the incorporators of the town, and held the office of postmaster, to which he was 
appointed under Grant, till his deal!:. 

Children, the first born in Cleveland, the others in Janesville: 
9S3. ROBiCRT,* b. Aug. 15, 1854; d. May 12, 1855, in Cleveland. 
981. Mora: \x, b. Jan. 31, 185 7 ; m. Apr. 22, 1S79, Sue Evelyn Roane. 
985. I.yi.ia ELLEN, b. Apr. 28. 1859; d. Dee. 2, 1803. 
98G. Charlotte A., b. Jan. 28, 18G2; m. Dee. 2C, 1878. Peter C. Hanson, who d. Sept. 8, 1881. 

RICHARD treat: kigbtii generation. Ill 

Ho was a merchant at West Point, V.".. His widow resides (1S85) at Sag Harbor, Long 

987. Mary Ellen, b. May 24, 1864; d. .Tan. 19, 18G5, in Janesville. 

612 Harriet A. 8 Treat (Leonard, 1 Cliarles? Jonathan* Charles, 4 Thomas, 3 Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 ), born Dec. 25, 1809, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died July IS, 18S7, aged 78 
years, 7 months, 10 days, in Buckingham, Conn. ; married, first, Nov. 11, 1828, John N. 
Looker, of Hebron, Conn.; second, March 25, 1832, Andrew Strickland, of Glaston- 
bury, who had previously married her sister Clarissa Treat ; third, , Chester Tyler, 

of Buckingham, who was born Jan. 24, 1810. No issue by her third marriage. 

Son of John N. and Harriet A Loonier: 

988. Charles J., 51 b. Sept. 15, 1832; d. Aug. 23, 188C, aged 54 (g. s., Buckingham). 
Children of Andrew and Harriet A. Strickland, born in Glastonbury : 

989. Leonard, b. , 1831; d. July 13, 1887, in Andover, Conn. ■ 

990. William, b. Jan. 30, 183C. Resides near Chicago, 111. 

814 Clarissa 5 Treat (Leonard? Charles, JonatJum 5 Charles, 4 TJiomas, 3 RicJiard? 
Richard}), born about 1812, in Glastonbury, Com;.; died Dec. 28, 1S31, aged twenty, 
(gravestone, Buckingham, in Glastonbury) ; married Nov. 35, 1829, Andrew Strick- 
land of Glastonbury, who afterwards married her sister, Harriet A. Treat. 

Daughter of Andrew and'CIarissa Strickland, born in Glastonbury : 

991. Clarissa Ouw.i.oTrr, b. April 14, 1831: d. Feb. i, 1SS3, in Glastonbury; m. Xov. 11, 

1850, Edward Jonah Goslee, b. May 13, )8: ; 7 : find son of O; ;ias and Jemima (Williams) 
Goslee. Children born In Glastonbury: 

1. Clarissa Electa" Goslee. b. July 3, 1SS1. 

2. Owen Edward Goslee, b. July 20, 1S53. 

3. Newell Milton &oslee, b. June 10, 1850. 

4. James Watson Gosioe. b. June 17, 1858. 

6. Elmer Leslie Goslee, b. Nov. 17, 1861. 

G. Ciirian Osias Goslee, b. March U, 1807; ti. Feb. 28, 1882. 

7. Howard Gcslee, b. Dec. 7, 1870. 

615 Leonard WellSS 3 Treat (Leonard, 1 Charles,''' Jonathan, 5 Charles 4 Thomas? 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born about 18)0, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died Dee. 21, 1846, acci- 
dentally shot in Milwaukee, Wise. ; married, first, Jan. 11, 183o, Fidelh Goslee, who died 
July 15, 1836, aged twenty-two (gravestone, Buckingham, Conn.), and daughter of James 

and Mary Goslee of Glastonbury; second, -, , from whom he separated; 

third, , Maria 8 Treat, of Dunkirk, Chautauqua Co., N. Y., daughter of Jesse and 

Abiah (Bradley) Treat (297). She has married again and resides in Milwaukee. 

Children, the first born in Glastonbury, the second in Dunkirk, the fourth in Milwaukee, 
by his first marriage : 

892. James Welles, 8 b. Jan. 28, 183G; ra. April 1, 1857, Martha Rebecca House. 
B}' his third marriage: 

893. Martha Elvira, b. June 4, 1839; m. Aug. 25, 1855, George V. Gabriel. 
994. Sarah M., b. ; in. , Knight. Resides in Michigan. 

095. Leonard Welles, b. June 12, 1813; ra. Sept. 20, 1SG7, Laura Ann Armstrong. 

616 Samuel CJintoil s Treat (Leonard,' Charles,* Jonathan, 5 Ctiarles,* Thomas, 3 
Richard? Richard*), born July 19, 1820, in Glastonbury. Conn.; married Dec 31, 1843, 
Catherine Mauy Wkih, born Aug. 25, 1820, and daughter of Marshall and Susan 


(Wheat) Weir, of Glastonbury. Is a contractor and mason. Resides in South Manchcs 
ter, Conn. 

Children, born in Glastonbury: 

990. Edward, 9 b. Feb. 13, 1816; rt. July 15, 1S89; m. Aug. 27, 18G4, Mary K. Foot, 
wlio died before her husband, lie resided in Bolton, Conn., ;it the time of his mar- 
riage. Had a son b. in Manchester, Oct. 12, 180.), not now living. 

997. Susan A., b. July 5, 1817; m. , . Resides in Brooklyn, X. V. 

098. Samuel Eugene, b. Dec. 13, 1855 ; d. Jan. 20, 1889 ; m., 1st, , Lizzie Anderson ; 2d, 

Oct. 20, 1878, Nellie T. Warner. 

617 James Watson 8 Treat (Leonard, 7 Charles* Jonathan, 5 Charles,' 1 Thomas? 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born July 14, 1824, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Aug. C, 18.57, in 
Glastonbury (gravestone, Buckingham) ; married Dae. 9, is 1 G, Hannah Maria, 
daughter of Asa and Lucinda (Andrews) Goslee. Was a mason, a smart and talented 
man, a tine singer, a gentleman, and beloved by all who knew him. 

Children, bom in Glastonbury : 

9:19. Asa Howard, 9 b. , 1840 ; d. Sept. 15, 1850, aged 1 v., 3 m. 

1000. George Asa, b. Aug. 11, 1851 ; in. June 17, 1884, Mary D. Chamberlain. 

1001. James Bradley, b. July 20, 185.".; d. Nov. 27, 1874, in Glastonbury (g. s., Buckingham) ; 

in. Oct. 15, 1874, Laura;Bell \\ eii, daughter of Harvey Weir. No issue. She in., 2d, 
May 28, 1870, Albert C. Downs of Springfield, Mass., a joiner, lies. Manchester, Conn. 

1002. Mary Cai.ista, b. Sept. 17, 1850; m. April 17, 1S70, James ]'. Fryer, silk spinner, Pitts- 

field, Mass. 

619 Harris Henry 5 Treat (Jared? Charles, 6 Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 Thomas, 3 
Richard," Richard 1 ), born Aug G, 1818, in Glastonbury, Conn.; married, first, Oct. 4, 
1841, Sarah L. Bingham, of Andover, Conn., who died Sept. 20, 1842; second, March 
19, 1845, Hannah Forbes, of East Hartford, Conn., who died Nov. 22, 1851 ; third, May 
11, 1853, Clarissa Booth, of East Windsor, Conn., where lie resides. Is a carpenter 
and farmer. 

Children, by his first marriage : 

1003. Sauaii,' b. Aug. — , 1812; d. Sept. — , 1843. 
By his second marriage : 

1001. Son, b. Feb. 11, 1819; cl. Feb. 15, 1849, in Fast Hartford? 

1005. William IF, b. Aug. >0, 1851 ; in. Sept, 27, 1877, Laura E. Vibberts. Resides in Wind- 
sorville. No issue. 

B3' his third marriage : 

1000. Hubicrt, b. Feb. 11,1854; d. Dee. 5, 1S85, killed by a R. R. accident at Lincoln, Ne- 

622 Adna s Treat (Jared? Charles* Jonathan? Charles? Thomas? Richard? 
Richard}), born Feb. 6, 1825, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Nov. 11, 18S1, in. Quincy, 
111.; married Oct. 21, 1849, Susan C. Chapman, in Rock ville. Conn, lie removed from 
Rockville to Quincy in ls',5, and was engaged in the coffee and spice business for many 
years, and in other mercantile enterprises. Failing health compelled him to retire from 
business about 1870. He was honorable and upright in all his transactions, and enjoyed 
the 'confidence and esteem of all who knew him. 

Children, the first born in Hockville, the others in Quincy: 
1007. Anna Soi'iiiA," I). May 12, 1851 ; in. Dec. 10, 1875, John W. Howell, ol Quincy. Besides 
(1.-87) in Des Moines, Iowa. 

riciiard treat: eighth generation. 113 

1008. Emma Belle, b. April G, 1858. 

1009. Edgak Beutixe, b. Feb. 27, 1SG3; m. , . 

623 Martha Ann 8 Treat (Jared? diaries * Jonathan 5 Charles, 4 Thomas* Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 ), boi'n Feb. C, 1828, in Glastonbury, Conn.; married Doc. 29, 1859, Hor- 
ace Sumner Tarbeli., ofBellville, Canada West. IK' was (188(!) superintendent of the 
schools at Providence, II. I. 

Children of Horace S. and Martha A. Tarbeli : 

10)0. Derma, 9 b. Uov. 7, I860; in. -, "W. E. Scarritt, Pres. Watevlown National Bank, 

Watertown, Soutli Dakota. . 

1011. Mattie, b. Aug. 23, 1862. 

1012. Sumnki; Tkeat, b. April 1, 18G4; (I. March 1C, 18GS. 

1013. Della, b. July 17, 18GG; d. Jan. S, 1874. 

624 Hannah Flagg s Treat (Jared? diaries* Jonathan* Charles, 4 Thomas? 
Richard,* Richard*), born Jan. 15, 1831, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; married Oct. 25, 1853, 
Wii.lakd Er.TSHA Howe. Resides in Buckingham, town of Glastonbury. Is a fanner, 
and also engaged in the lumber business, and has a mill. 

Children ofWillard E. and Hannah F. Howe, born in Glastonbury: 
Kill. Alice M.", 9 b. June 10, 185-t; d. Jan. 22, l.sGl. 

1015. Edith Wadswobth, b. Sept. 8, 18G6. 

1016. Aukie Isabel, b. Dec. 10, 18G7. 

625 Horace WadsWOrth 8 Treat (Jared? Charles* Jonathan,'- Charles? Tltom- 
as? Richard? Jiichard 1 ), born Oct. 8, 1882,111 Glastonbury, Conn.; married Nov. 22. 
1858, Anna Law-ton Cokey, born Oct. 8, 1832. He was a carriage-maker at Rockv'ille, 
Tolland Co., Conn. Is now a farmer and resides at East Windsor Hill, Conn. 

Children, born inRockville: 

1017. Carrie, 9 b. July 12, 1861 ; d. Jan. 25, 18G1. 

101S. Irving C, i>. Feb. 19, 18G3. Has furnished me with information in regard to the family. 
Is now (1889) a member of the firm of Clapp & Trent, hardware dealers, i',1 State St., 
Hartford, Conn. 

632 Valeria" Treat (William?* diaries* Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? 
Richard 1 ), born Nov. 10, 1824, in Euclid, Ohio; married Oct. 20, 1853, as his second 
wife, James Terkt, born July 5, 1823, in Terryville, Conn., died April 29, 1870, and son 
of Eli and Semantha (McKee) Terry. He was president of the Eagle Lock Co., and re- 
sided in Terryville. He married, first, ■ Elizabeth Wills 8 Hollister, born May 31, 

1819, died Dec. 11 ; 1852, and daughter of Eli and Eelli" (Treat) Hollister (608), of 

Children of James and Valeria Terry, born in Terryville : 

1019. Valeria Fidelia, 9 b. Aiir. ID, 1855; dead. 

1020. ConsKLTA, b. Dee. 27, 185S; in. Sept. 22, 1881, Dr. Dwight W. Hunter, son of O. D. Hun- 

ter, of Terryville. He resides in New York city, and makes a specialty of diseases of 
the eye and ear. 

634 Edward William 8 Treat {William, 1 Charles, 6 Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 Thomas? 
Richaixl? Richard 1 ), born Aug. 17, 1S30, in Kuelid, Ohio; married Dee. 6, 1855, Ade- 
laide Fa u.k, daughter of Abram and Lucinda Fair. Mi . Treat learned the trade of ship- 
wright -.villi his father. In 1853, he formed a partnership with his uncle Milo II. Hickox, 

114 RICHARD treat: eighth generation. 

Cleveland, Ohio, in the retail lumber trade. In 1854, lie purchased his partner's interest 
in the business, and in 1855, he sold out and returned to Euclid. In the winlci of 1855- 
56, he and his lather built (he brig William Trail. In the winter of 1856-7, he built at 
Euclid ilie schooner Valeria, named after his sister, and owned her through three of the 
hardest seasons known in the history of lake navigation. In the spring of I860, lie went 
with her to Liverpool, with a cargo of lumber and staves, bringing hack to Cleveland a 
full return cargo of pig iron, cutlery and soda ash. for George Worthington & Co., which 
was one of the fust, if not the first cargo ever brought to the Lakes direct from England. 
At that time this trade was thought to promise much for the future, but the era of cheap 
transportation, since inaugurated, has completely destroyed it. In the winter of 18G0-1, 
he and his father built, at Euclid, the schooner Col. Ellsworth, for Charles Ilickox, of Cleve- 
land. The nexl two years he spent in the shipyard of Peek & Masters, in Cleveland. In 
the spring of 18G4, he went to St. Louis, and was engaged on the gunboats there being 
built for the government. The following fall and winter months were spent in low a. In 
the spring of 18G5, he went down the river to Quincy, 1)1.. where he bought an interest in 
the American Coffee and Spice Mills, and travelled foi the house for a year and a half, 
lie then went- into the insurance business and, in 181 1, removed to Kansas, and again, in 
1872, to Milwaukee, Wise., where be remained for five years, during four of which lie was 
engaged in the retail wood business. In Sept., 1x77, i u . went to Union Grove, Wise, where 
he is still (1887) engaged in the insurance business. Has also been a justice of the 
peace for five years. 

Daughter, born in Euclid: 
10:n. Alien CornkLIA, 9 b. Feb. 2, 1857; d. April 18, 187!), at Quincy, 111. 

G40 Jano E. fi Treat {Elislia, 1 diaries,* Jonathan, 5 Charles,* Thomas, 3 Richard* 
Richard 1 ), born Oct. 6, 1821, in Glastonbury, Conn.; married Oct. 23, 1839, John B. 
Holmes, born Nov. 19. 1820, died Sept. 25, 1887, in Glastonbury, where he resided. 
Was a stone mason. His widow resides in Glastonbury. 

Children of John 15. and Jane E. Holmes, born in Glastonbury: 
1022. Cx-ahissa !',.," 1). Oct. 25, 1840; m. April It, 18G7, 1). K. Giiswold. Children : 

1. Clara Lcstinn 10 Griswold, b. April 2, 1875. 

2. ICntlirina Holland Giiswold, b. Jan. 2G, 1877. 

1U23. Li;sn:e jr., b. Feb. G, 1812; in. Dec. 25, 1872, Sarah Ann Phelps. 

1024. FhaxckS .Tank, b. Pee. 13, 1843; in. Sept. 23, I8GG, John M. Goodale. Children : 

1. Charles L."> Goodale, b. March — , 18G8. 

2. Mary Frances Goodale, b. Sept. 18, 1872; d. Feb. 21, 1874. 

1025. El/ril.VN .1., b. Pee. 2a, 1850; in., 1st. Aug. 10, 1871, Emilia L. Stone; 2d, May 10, 18S4, 

Delia M. Gallagher. Children: 

1. Lena Lcsiina" 1 Holmes, b. July 12, 1872. 

2. Elthan Delbat, b. Feb. 10, 18SG. 

3. Lester Ralph Holmes, b. May 1:1, 1888. 

102G. Sahaii C, b. Aug. 25, 1854; in. July 25, 1872, Knlns A. Piilford. Soil: 
1. Frederick A. 1 " Pulford, b. Aug. 12, IsT.j; d. Jan. 14, wr. 

642 Charles C. 8 Treat {Elisto? Charles,* Jonathan, 5 Charles,* Thomas 3 Rich- 
ard,- Richard 1 ), horn April 21, 1825, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; died April 19, 1854 ; mar- 
ried Oct. 3, 1847, Skmantha Azubah Strong, born dan. 1G, 1829, in Manchester, Conn., 
died Jan. 9, 1858 (gravestone, Manchester— town records say Jan. 10, 1857), and daugh- 
ter of Eli and Betsey (Cowles) St ion-, of llartland, Conn. He was a blacksmith and 
resided in \\ illoilghby, Lake Co., Ohio, where he died. 


Sou, born in Manchester : 

1027. Cn vbxjri OWEN, 9 li. Sept. 22, 184!) ; in., 1st, June 1C, 1870, Maryettc Tl'yon ; 2d, Xov. 19, 
1878, Gertrude E. Netiletou. 

643 John Wheat'' Treat (ElUha? Charles, 6 Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 Thomas, 3 Rich- 
ard? Richard'), born May 8, 1828, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died July 6, 18S4, in Hart- 
ford, Conn. ; married April 20, 1 8,"»2, Emkune Fin ley. Was a mason and contractor. 
Resided in Hartford: 

Son, born in Glastonbury : 
1028. O.-e.u: Fixley," b. March—, 1854 ; d.May M, 1854, aged 1 mo., 24 d., in Manchester, Conn. 

645 Warren Thrall 8 Treat (Elixha? Charles* Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 Thomas? 
Ricliard? Richard 1 ), born Jan. 20, 1835, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; married June 9, 18G2, 
Adelaide McCkackkh. Resides at Buckingham, Conn. Is a farmer. 

Children, the first born in Manchester, Conn., the others in Glastonbury: 

102!). Kosellia," b. March 2G, 18G3; d. .May 2G, 18Gfi, aged 3 y., 2 m. (g. s., Buckingham). 

1030. Frank S., b. .Tan. 11, I8C5; m. Sept. 22, 1888, Maty 'J'. Brown, of Manchester, Conn. 

1031. Isabel, l). Mny 25, 13(57. 

1032. John W., b. May 24, 1870. 

1033. Jekomr, b. April 14, 1872. 
1031. Author, i>. May 1, 1870. 
1035, Ralph 1!., b. Jul) 3, 1885. 

646 S.obert Bruce* Treat (Elisha? Charles* Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 TJiomas. 3 Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 ), born Nov. 25, 1838, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died Mny 17, 1871, in 
Glastonbury ; married Jan. 4, 1859, Emeketta Daggett, in South Manchester, Conn. She 

married, second, , Henry F. Payne, of Gilead, in the town of Hebron, Conn. They 

now reside in Buckingham, Glastonbury. Mr. Treat was a mason by trade. 

Children, the first two born in Manchester, the third in Glastonbury : 
103G. Nellie Jake, 9 b. Feb. in. 18G5; d. Jan. 17, 1867, in West Springfield, Mass. 

1037. William Gicokge, l>. June 25, 18G7; resides with liis mother in Buckingham. 

1038. rm 11., h. June 3, lSGOj a. Dec. 20, 1870, in Hartford, Conn. 

664 Mary* Treat (Sylvester," 1 Peter* Peter 5 TJiomas? Thomas, 3 Richard? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born Oct. 28, 1828, in Chatham, Tioga Co., Perm. ; died Feb. 27, 18G6, in Chatham; 
married .Tunc 10, 1847, Thomas Owlett, born Sept. 23, 1823. Resides in East Chatham 
and is a farmer. Has married again. 

Children of Thomas and Mary Owlett, born in Chatham: 

1039. Anduicw, 9 t>. .Ian. 3, 1850; in., 1st, , Dolly Doanc; 2d, , Ann Bosard. lie- 

sides in Chatham. Is a farmer. 

1040. Martha, b. July 25, 1S52; in. , Rutsor Erway. Is a farmer and resides in Chat- 


1041. AtlCE, b. Dec. 27, ls.j! : m. , Floyd Erway. Is a fanner and resides in Chatham. 

1042. Albert, b. June ::, 1851 ; m. , Elizabeth Griffin. 

1043. Mary, b. Sept. 20, 1859; in. , Jacob B. Doanc. Resides in Middleburg, Perm. Is 

a farmer. 
lull. Amelia I-., b. No\ 0, 18G1. 
1045.' Thomas M., b, Dec. 23, 18G5. 

665 Lydla 8 Treat (Sylvester? Peter* Peter 5 Thomas 4 Thomas? Richard? J.iiekarcP), 
born Aug. 25, LSJO, in Chatham, l'enu. ; died Nov. 6, 18G2, in Chatham ; married Aug. 


18, 1847, as his second wife. Dr. William B. Rich, born Jan. 1 I. 1818, died Nov. 27, 
1887, in Chatham. He was a physician of respectable practice in Knoxville, Chatham, 
and other places and served for a short time as a surgeon in the nviny during the Rebel- 
lion. He was married three times. 

Children of William B. and Lydia Rich, born in Chatham: 

1046. Jul its, 8 I), about 1S4S; d. , 1849, aged 10 mos., in Chatham. 

1017. Bvuon Sylvicstku, b. about 1850; in. , Ada Forgner. Resides in Willow Lake, 

Chirk Co., Dakota. Is ;i farmer. 

101s. Mknzo, b. about 1S52 ; m. , Emma Ilowland. Resides at Academy Comers, Tioga 

Co , I'-mi. Is a fiirmcr. 

1049. Eugenic, i>. about Is.. 1; d. about 18C0, In Chatham. 

1050. Alhkkt, b. about 1S5G; in. .Jessie -. Resides in Willow Lake, Dakota. Is 

a farmer. 

1051. Ciiahlks, 1). June 22, 1859; d. Aug. 24, 1878, in Chatham. . 

1052. Son, b. about 18C2; d. at birth. 

666 Rufu.3 Gates 8 Treat {Sylvester,' Peter,* Peter, 5 Thomas, 4 Thomas,* Bich- 
!//•'-/,-' Ricltard 1 ) , born July 31, 1832, in Chatham, Tioga Co., Penn. ; married, first, Aug. 
14, 1853, Maiu- Jane Snyder, who died Aug. 25, 1887; second, Sept. 20, 18S8, Mrs. 
Sahaii E. (Baker) Daktt, widow of Dr. J. C. Dartt. Is a farmer and an excellent man. 
Resides in East Chatham, where he was postmaster. Mr. Treat enlisted Sept. 26, 1864, 
in Co. I), 199th Reg't Penn. Volunteers, and was discharged June 28, 1865. His regi- 
ment was in front of Petersburg during the winter of 1864-5. April 2, 1865, it assaulted 
the rebel Fort Gregg with success and suffered great loss. It then joined in the pursuit 
of Lee, following along the south side railroad to Burkeville. It was in the fight at Rice's 
Station, April G. and on the 9th of April was engaged in the tierce fight at Appomattox, 
with a lots of two killed and some wounded. 

Children, bom in Chatham : 
1053. Ida Adalixe, 9 b. Sept. 20, 1855; d. Jan. 23, 1858. 

1054. Cakoi.ixe, b. Peb. 27, 1S57; m. July :'.. 1S75, Thomas Jeffurson Ransom. 
1055. Joseph, b. .Uine J, 18511; d. Aug. 19, 18fi4. 

1050. Nellie Lucinda, li. Nov. 9, 18G1 ; d. June 27, 1887; in. Oct. 1, 1879. George Ransom. 

1057. Ada Evauxb, b. Jan. 23, 18G5; m. April 2, 1SS4, Prank Le welly n Palmer. 

1058. Jesse Ohiucx, b. April 5, 18G7. 

1059. Adi i T.r.ur C.Aii:s, b. Aug. 8, 18G9; dead. 
10G0. M vi HE, b. Pee. 27, 1871. 

)0G1. Kiixest Glenn, b. Apiil 13, 1874. 

10G2. Claiu Julia, b. Sept. 8, 1879; d. Feb. 2, 1880. 

667 Caroline 5 Treat {Sylvester,'' Peter* Peter, 5 Thomas, 4 TItomas* Richard,'* 
Bichard 1 ), born Sept. 4, 1834, in Chatham. Tioga Co., Penn.; married dune 21, 1S58, 
Lorenzo Dow Cam., who was horn Aug. 8, 1823, and son of Duncan and Betsey (Kil- 
mer) Carl, lie is a fanner ami resides in Chatham. Was a soldier during the Rebellion. 
He. enlisted in July, 1*63, in Co. G, 2d N. V. Veteran Cavalry. They went into camp at 
Saratoga Springs, X. Y. in October they were placed in tin defence of Washington, D. C, 
where they remained until Feb., 1864, when they were transferred to the Department of the 
Gulf, where they operated till the close of the war. March I, l«6-i, they started upon the 
Red River expedition under Gen, Banks; had a sharp fight at Cane River Crossing, La., 
on the 7th of April; wee in tin disastrous battle at Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, and on 
the 9th, held the enemy at bay al Pleasant Hill. This expedition failed, and during the 


rcli frit this Cavalry Co. encountered the enemy at Yellow Bayou-. May 19, on their way 
to Alexandria. They finally fell bacli to Morganza, La., whore they remained until March 
19, 1865. During this time they made a raid under Gen. Herring into Central Alabama, 
and approached Mobile. They also had a sharp fight at Port, Hudson. Jn March, 1865, 
they went by boat to Pensacola, Fla. ; engaged the enemy at Pollard, Fla., and arrived 
before Fort Blakeley, near Mobile, Ala., April 1, 1S65, ami engaged in the reduction of 
this city under Gen. Canhy. After the fall of Mobile they occupied Montgomery and 
Talladega, Ala., until Nov. 16, when they returned to Albany, N. V., and were mustered 
out of the service on the 28th of Nov., 18C5. 

Children of Lorenzo D. and Caroline Carl, tlie first and third born in Tuscarora, N. Y., 
the others in Chatham : 

1063. Augusta, 9 b. May 3, 185'J. 

10G4. Ella Li cinda, b. Feb. 1, 18G1 ; m. Oct. it, 1S88, George Ransom. 

IOCS. Lemuel Eugene, b. March 17, 18G3; m. Jan. 1, 1S89, Mary Fulmcr. 

10G6. Edgau, b. Aug. 2t. 18GG; m. Jan. J, 1889, Lola Burley. 

10(17. Fkancis lhi'.u I-. Sept. 5, iSUS. 

10<;«. Stella, b. July 12, 1871. 

668 Dorinda Llieiud.a° Treat {Sylvester," 1 Peter, 6 Peter, 5 Thomas* Thomas? 
Richard, 5 Richard 1 ), born Aug. 4, 1836, in Chatham, Tioga Co., Pcnn. ; married Dee. 25, 
1857, James IJk.kkv Carl, born Jan. 10, 1832, died Jan. 2m, 1888, and son of Duncan 
and Betsey (Kilmer) Carl, and brother of Lorenzo DowCarl who married her sister Caro- 
line Treat, lie is a. farmer and resided for many years in Farmington, Tioga Co., Penn. 
He resided in Argyle, Washington Co., X. Y., in 1888. 

Children of James 11. and Dorinda L. Carl, born in Farmington: 
1000. Helen Matilda, 9 b. Aug. 11,1860; m.Nov. 29, 1SS2, Will. Kclienm iliorn, of Argyle, N.Y. 

1070. Lydi.v, !). July 7, 1863; in. July 20, 1881, Charles Duel!, of Argyle, N. Y. 

1071. Anna May, b. Sept. 1'.', 18G6. 

1072. James Ciiarlks, b. April 1, lSilS. 

1073. Mary Betsky, b. Jul) 31, 1871. 

6G9 Lois Amelia 8 Treat (Sylvester? Peter, 6 Peter, 5 TJiomas, 4 Tliomas, 3 Richard* 
Richard 1 ), born Nov. 22, 1843, in Chatham, Penn. ; married Dei'. 01. 18C8, Leonidas, bom March 7, 1813, in Chatham, where he now (1888) resides. Is a fanner. 
Children of Leonidas and Lois A. Avery, born in Chatham : 
1071. DnYVrn H b. Feb. 5, 1870. 
I07r>. Blanchio, b. April 5. 1871. 
107G. GliACE, b. Oct. 12. 1S72. 

1077. Joyce, b.Feb. 12. IS74. 

1078. Beiitiia, !>. March 17, 1876. 

1079. Hkkiii iit Glenn, b. Feb. 10, 187S. 
10S0. William, I). Feb. 1G, 18S0. 

1081. JOSKPII, b. Due. 21, 1SS2. 

670 Sylvester 8 Treat (Sylvester, -1 Peter 6 Peter, 5 Thomas* Thomas 5 Richard, 2 
Richard 1 ), born Dee. 26, 1840, in Chatham, Tioga Co., Pcnn. ; married Sept. 28, 18G8, 
Sarah Miller who was born Dec. 0, 1850, in Chatham, and daughter of Samuel and 
Juda (Closs) Miller, who was DornJan. 12, 1S2G, died April 'J, 18S2. He isa farmer and 
resides in Chatliam. 

Children, born in Chatham : 

118 RICHARD treat: eighth generation. 

1082. Lewis," I). Mny 0, 1870. 

1083. Alice, b. Aug. 1, 1S72. 

1084. BkKT, b. Feb. 10, I87.'.. 

1085. AOMBS !>., b. .March 24, 1878. 
108G. J'axmi:, b. .Inly 10, 1880. 
1087. Claude S., b Sept. 2U, 1884. 
10S8. Samuel, b. Sept. 14, 188G. 

689 Harriet Elizabeth 8 Treat (Lathrop? Charles? John, 5 Thomas* Thomas, 3 
liiclwd* Jlichard 1 ), born Jan. 21, 1815, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; married Oct. 0, 18.10, 
Nelson Bingham Pklt.ktt, of Canterbury, Conn, lie was a fanner. She. has furnished 
me with information. Resides now in Middletown, Conn. 

Children of Nelson B. and Harriet E. Pellett, the (irst three born in Harrison, N. Y , 
the eighth in Portland, Conn., the others in Canterbury : 

1085. Ai.onzo Dr.i.os, 9 li. Feb. 7, 1S38; m. April 3, 18G1, Eliza D. Amos, b. in Portland, He is 
it joiner ami resides in Hartford, Conn. Children : 

1. Esther P.'° Pellett, b. Jan. Hi, 1862; d. June 23, 1S73. 

2. Lewis E. Pellett, b. Oct. 3), 1863. 

3. Milton E. Pellett. b. Oct. 10, ISoTi. 

4. Katie E. Pellett, b. Feb. 17, 1871 ; d. Nov. 0, 1872. 

5. Helen G. Pellett, J , b M 1B7t 

6. Henry G. Pellett, J 

1090. Gkokge Xki.sox, b. Aug. 15, 1830; d. Oct. G, 1S41. 

1091. Sauah A sx, b. July G, 1841 ; in. May 3, 1858, Ralph Northam. of Marlborough, Conn., b. 

Aug. 2, 1825, d. Jan. S, 1872, and son of Oliver Northam of Marlhorougb. Was a 
fanner. Children : 
j. Harriet E "' Northam, b. Jan. 8, 1800; m. Sept. 12, 18S3, Ferdinand Gildcrsleve, 
b. Aug. 20, 1840. Children; 

1. Sarah G." Gildcrsleve, b. Sept. 2S, 1SS5. 

2. Richard Gildcrsleve, b. Oct.. 27, 1880. 
2. Emma G. Northam, b. Feb. 6, 1802. 

1032. Edwin Fkaxcis, b. Nov. 9, 1S43; in., 1st, April 5, 1865, Sarah. E. Dudley, V Sept. 4, 
1844, in Middletown, d. Dec. 4, 1866; 2d. Nov. 30, 1S6S, E. Smith, b. in Sag 
Harbor, L. I , d. Feb. 2, 18SG. Is in the drug business in Kansas City, Mo. Son by 
his second marriage: 

1. Eugene F. ,u Pellett. b. Sept. 10, 1870; d. Aug. 17, 1871. 

1093. Julia Sextox, b. March 4, 184G; m. Feb. 15, 1871, John Jasper Cone, b. Nov. 13, 1839, 
and son of John Cone of Middletown. Is a farmer in Middletown. Children: 

1. John Jasp.-r 11 ' Cone, b April 5, 1872. 

2. Mattie 1 cllett Cone. b. April 20, 1875. 

3. Frank Edwin Cone. b. Jan. 10, 1880. 

ion 1 . Maktiia Emkuxb, b. April '. 1849; in. Feb. II. "1872. James R. Bailey, who d. Dee. 11, 
1873. and son of Daniel Bailey ol Middletown. No issue. 

1095, Emma iiiEiii, b. May 3, 1851 ; m. Oct. 27, 18G9, Henry Chester Dunham, b. Dee. 27, 
1844, and son of Sylvester C. Dunham of Middletown. Is a farmer in Middletown. Chil- 
dren : 

1. Grace A. 1 " Dunham, b. Nov. 17, 1870; in. Nov. 13, 1S89, iiundlej \V. Hubbard, b. 

Sept 5, 1866, and son of E. X. Hubbard, of Middletown. Dan.: 
1. Mary Sears" Hubbard, b. Sept. 13, 1890. 

2. Emma 1!. Dunham, b, July 8], 1878. 

3. Harry C. Dunham, b. Apr. 19, 1881; d. Sept. 5, 1881. 

109G. Ciiaui.ks Nelson, b. Sept. 10. 1857; m. Jan 5, 18S2, Ida M. Barrett, b. May 14, 1802, in 
Middletown, Orange Co., N. V. Is a mason in Kansas City, Mo. Children bom in 
l.anard. Pawnee Co., Kansas: 

1. Eugene F,'" Pellett, b. Feb. 12, 188). 


2. Pauline l'cllett, b. Jan. 15, 1886; d. Aug. 19, 18SG. 
tf. Frank C. Fellett, b. July a, 1887; d. Aug. 21, 1S87. 
•i. Dudley M. Pcllott, b. Nov. 80, 1888. 

690 Horace Brooks 6 Treat {Horace? Charles? John, 5 Thomas,' 1 Thomas? Rich- 
ard? Richard 1 ), born Oct. 15, 181C, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; married Nov. 3, 1839, Sarah 
Aukki.ia Glazier, born Dec. '23, 182;!; died May 13, 18Sd. Is a dealer in stoves in South 

Children, born in South Glastonbury : 
1097. Mary Arvilla," Ij. Sept. 27, 1S40; m. June 5, 18fi9, Carlos Welles Thompson. Is n clerk 

In Hazardvillo, Conn. She lias assisted me. 
10:>S. Juliettk Adeline, b. May 25, 1843: in. May 24, 1860, Elisha Edward House of East 
Hartford. Is a dealer In leather. Had two children : 

1. Grace Harriet 10 House, b. Ang. 10, 1868; d. Dee. 25, 1868. 

2. Horace Guy House, b. Maj 2, 1870; d. Nov. 25, 1872. ■ . 
1090. Horace, b. Dec. 8, 1845; m. Aug. 0, 180!), Ellen Khun. 

1100. Orion, b. Aug. 5, 1848; m. July -1, 3871, Margaret E. Paxson. 

1101. Gkokgk •ToSKrn, b. Dec. 20, 1851; m. Dec. 13, 1874, Mary Conuers, of Vernon, Conn. 
Resides in South Glastonbury. Is a teamster. 
1102. Fredeiiick, b. Dec 20, 1856; m. Jan. 23, 1870, Sarah Isabel Quimby. 

1103. Jambs, b. Sept. 6, I860; d. Jan. 7, \b*r<, in South Glastonbury. 
1104. IJ.uiuY THOMPSON, b. April G, 1SG4 ; in. June 22, 1886, Mary Riley. 

691 Mary E. 8 Treat ( Horace, 1 Charles? John? Thomas? Thomas? Richard? Rich- 

ard 1 ) , born May 14,1818, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; married , Noyes D. Krewstkk, 

born Oct. 27, 1816, in Frankiin, Conn. ; died Jan. 11, 1873, in Hartford, Conn. She re- 
sides (1890) in Hartford. 

Children ofNoyes D. and Mary E. Brewster, born in Hartford: 

1105. Martha D. 9 b. May 2, 1841 ; d. Aug. 17, 1842. 

1106. Franklin D., b. May 2, 1843. 

1107. Jambs II., b. April 10, 1845; d. April 13, 1845. 

1108. Charles W., b. Sept. 12, 1846; d, Sept. 25, 1876, in Wallace, Kansas. 

1109. Lom-.XA., b. l'Yb. 11, 184i); d. June 21, 1850. 

1110. Marcus, b. April 26, 1851. 

1111. Ferdinand, b. Feb. 2, 1855. 

1112. Alfred L., b. May 21, 1857. 

1113. Edwin C, b. Feb. 26, 1862; d. Nov. GO, 1886. 

703 Norman C. f Treat (Charles? Charles? John? Thomas? Thomas? Richard? 

Richard 1 ), born July G, 1837, in Hartford, Conn. ; married' ,1863, Rose S. Trkvor, in 

St. Joseph, Mo. Is a railroad man and travelling agent for the 1'acific Railway Co., 
passenger depot, and resides (1887) in Quiney, 111. 

Children : 
llll. Albert Trevor, 8 b. ; d. March 9, 1870, In Omaha, Neb. 

1115. Norman, b. , 18CG. 

1116. Edward Ki.v, b. ; d: March 14,1870, in Omaha. 

1117. Rose Trkvor, b. . 1874. 

712 Alice Lydia 8 Troat {Levi Stuart? Amos Hall? Gershom? Thomas? Thomas? 
Richard? RidianV), horn Nov. 15, 18C6, in Atchison, Kansas; married Nov. 18, 1886, 
Samuel Gkokgk Gokickikh. He is a loan broker in Atchison. 

Daughter of Samuel G. ami Alice L. Gucrricr, born in Atchison: 

HIS. Im.ouim a: I,o. -i.i," i,. Aug. 30, 1.-.S7. 

120 RICHARD treat: eighth generation. 

715 J. Mortimer" Treat {Amos Mortimer? Amos Hall* Gershom? Thomas* 
Thomas, 3 Richard,* Richard 1 ) , born Oct. 2!), 1.842, in Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio; married 
Jan. — , 18GG, Eunice Rudolph. He is a farmer, ami resides in Aurora. 

Children, born in Aurora : 
1110. Cirrus M.,' j b. Mure!] 14, 18C9. 

1120. Frank M . b. Feb. 2, 1872. 

1121. Luckbii* It., b. Sept. 2, 1879. 

716 Hattie J. 8 Treat (Amos Mortimer," 1 Amos Hall? Gershom? Thomas? Thom- 
as? Richard? Richard 1 ), born May 18, 1833, inBainbridge, Gcnuga Co., Ohio; married 
Oct. 1, 1874, Henry W. Pettibone. Resides in Bainbridge, Geauga Co., Ohio. Is a 

Children of Henry W. and Hattie J. Pettibone, born in Bainbridge : 
111':'. Clara, 9 b. April 17, 1877; d. Oct. 21, 1879. 
1123. Louisa, b. April 22, 1881. 

717 Gordon A. 8 Treat (Amos Mortimer? Amos Hall? Gershom? Thomas? Thom- 
as, 3 Richard? Richard 1 ), born April 7, 1S55, in Bainbridge, Geauga C'u., Ohio; married 
Nov. 27, 1879, Florence Blair. Is a farmer and resides in Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio. 

Children boi u in Aurora : 
1121. CiiiiiSTMB, 9 b. Jan. 10, 18S5. 
1125. Winiield G., b. July 21, 1SSS. 

719 Sarah 5 Treat (Lorenzo Hart? ElisJia? Elisha? Isaac? Thomas? Richard* 
Richard 1 ), born July 10, 1832, in Middlctown, Conn. ; married, first, June 2, 1851, K1.1- 
zur Lord Wright, who died Aug. J, 1864; second, Oct. 22, 1872, William Robert 
McDonald. Jit 1 is a merchant and dealer in dry goods, gent's furnishinsj goods, hats, 
caps, boots and shoes, hardware, wooden ware, flour, feed, fertilizers, lime and plaster, 
Cromwell, Conn. No issue by the second marriage. 

Children of Elizur L. and Sarah Wright, born in Cromwell: 
1120. Mam Trisat, b. Feb. 8, 1852; d. July 23, 1853. 

1127. to :>c.,r, Lord, b. May 3, 1S53; d. Sept. 28, 1S53. 

1128. Samuel Hart, b. Sept. 12, 1854 ; d. April 28, I.SG3. 

1129. Benjamin Cuafm w, b. Feb. 11, 1858; d. April 28, 1863. 
llt'u. Benjamin Elizur, b. Aug. 3, 1804. 



763 Julius H. 9 Sackett (-Maria 8 Treat, Seymour? Timothy? Timothy, 5 Richard? 

Thomas? Ricliard? Richard 1 ), born Oct. 10, 1838; married April 10, 1864, Scher- 


Children : 

1131. Jennie 'K.,'" b. Jan. 23, 1863; (I. June 12, 1SG5. 

1132. CORNKLIUS B.UlliKT. 1». June 24, 1806. , 

113;). Ellen C., b. June 12,1875. 

764 Rhoda T. 9 Sackett (Maria* Treat, Seymour? Timothy? Timothy? Richard? 
Thomas? Richard? Richard'), born May 1, 1841 ; died Aug. '2, 1.SS5 ; married, first, Aug. 
27, 1857, S. Overlin; second, , 1875, David Cham:. 

Children of S. and Rhoda T. Overhn : 

1134. Claude, 10 b. Oct,. U, 1865. 
Children of David and Rhoda T. Chase: 

1135. Jessie M., b. March 18, 1876. 

1136. Hahvk? W., b. Jan. 3, 1818. 

1137. JOE W., I). Dec. 2, 1879. 

1138. W., b. April 2. 1883. 

1139. Rhoba T., b. Aug. 2, 1S85. 

767 Lydia A. 9 Sackett (Maria 8 Treat, Seymour? Timothy? Timothy? Richard? 
Tliomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), bom Dec. 15, 1845; died April 25, 1873; married Dee. 15, 
1859, EiiENiczEii Gkaham. 
Children of Ebenezer and Lydia A. Graham : 
11-10. Doi.i.y M., 10 b. Aug. 22, 3802; m. April 4, 1880, Milton Wambold. Daughter: 
Myrtle L." Wambold, b. June ?. r ., 1882. 

1141. Komi M., b. Sept. 11, 1804; m. June 0, 1S84, . Has one child. 

1142. Mtxnif. L., b. Nov. 12, 1866. 

1143. Joi: A., b. Nov. 2'J, 1868. 

769 Alvira H. 9 Trea,t(Sullivan? Timothy? Thomas? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born Sept. 5, 1846, in Silver Creek, Cass Co., Mich. ; married Oct. 
13, 1870, Joi.ins Eversok, lie is a merchant, and resides in Elk Grove, Sacramento Co.. 

Children of Julius and Alvira II. Everson, born in Elk Grove : 

1144. Lksteu T.,"' b. July 18, 1876. 

1145. WaxtekT., b. Maj 12, 1881. 

790 Flora LUCinda 8 Treat (George? Oren? Thomas? Timothy? Richard? Thom- 
as? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Feb. 24, 1856, in Sharon, Walworth Co., Wise. ; married 
Feb. 28, 1878, in Sharon, Maxon W. Pierck, born Feb. 29, 1856, and son of Mark F. and 
Harriet (Wheeler) Pierce. Resides (1890) in Austin, Cook Co., 111. Is n line man. 

Children of Maxon W. and Flora I.. Fierce, the first born in Big Foot, 111., the others 
in Sharon : 

114G. ISiomiA EyaI.yn,'" b. March .", 1879. 
in;. Hi anvim', Mn.uiiun, b. Oct. 20, 1881. 
lilt.. (iKuiititcTiiKAT, b. March 10, !'.■•:..; .1 Oe.t. 22, l-.s:i. 


791 Helen Martha 9 Treat {George* Oren? Thomas, 6 Timothy, 5 Richard '* Thomas, 3 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born July 2, l.s.V.i, in Sharon, Walworth Co.. Wise. ; married Jan. 'Jo, 
1881, Jackson C. Mii-lek, at Allegheny City, Pcun. Resides at Ilawardcn, Sioux Co., 

Children of Jackson C. and Helen M. Miller: 
1140. Luf.u, 10 1>. May II, 1882; d. Nov. 22, 1883. 

1150. Ukace, b. July 4, 1SS5. 

808 Charles Ralph 9 Treat (Charles Ralph, 8 Tzbon? TJtomas? Timothy? Richard,* 
Thomas? Richard-- Richard 1 ), born May 19, 18G6, in Sharon, Walworth Co., Wise. ; mar- 
ried Dec. SO, 18S6, Hattie Lkwis, of Haward, III. Graduated at Sharon High School in 
1863; spent two years at Bcloit College; devoted foui years to the study of niedicinc ; 
graduated at Chicago Homojpatbic Medical College in 1888, since which time he has prac- 
tised in Sharon. 

Daughti r born in Sharon : 

1151. Mauraiskt Jake, 1 " b. May G, 1SSS. 

811 l.OWis Edward 9 Treat (Leivis J.? Izbon? Thomas? Timothy? Richard? 
Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Feb. 17, 1861, in Albert Lea, Freeborn Co., Iowa; 
married July 25, 1885, Rhoda P. Strahl. Resides in' Polo, 111. 

Children born in Polo: 

1152. 1>,wis T,.,'" b. March 24, 1S87. 

1153. MixXiE T>: , b. Sept.. 10, 1S90. 

817 Hattie E. fl Treat (Fayette? John? Thomas? Timothy? Richard? Thomas? 
Richard? Richard 1 ), born June 'J, 1855, in East Concord, Erie Co., N. Y. ; married Oct. 
26, 1878, BritoN E. Walters. 

Sons of Byron E. and Hattie E. Walters: 

1154. Ci arkxce F.,'° b. Feb. 3, 18S2. 

1155. IIabiiyT. 

1I5G. llAKnt.i, ]-., <, 

■ twins, b. Feb. 25, 1890. 

835 Emily Diadema Treat (Cornelius Mortimer? Amaziah? Cornelius? Tim- 
othy? Richard? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Aug. 16, 1842, in New London, Hu- 
ron Co., Ohio; married May 29, 18C7, Oscar C. Gatks. She completed her education 
at Allen's Grove Academy, Walworth Co., Wise. When only sixteen years old she taught 
school. Mr. Gates was formerly of Hopewell, N. Y. After residing awhile in Clinton, 
Wise, about 1S70, he removed to La Crosse, Aviso., where he was employed as conductor 
on the Southern .Minnesota Railroad. About. 1878, he relumed to Clinton, where he still 
(1887) resides, engaged in banking. 

Children of Oscar C. and Emily D Gates: 

1157. Cyrus Moktimku, 10 b. . 

1158. Fanny Alvira, b. . 

1159. Volkev Conns..., b. . 

836 Curtis:-; Mortimer'-' Treat (Cornelius Mortimer? Amuziah? Cornelius? Tim- 
othy? Richard? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born \pril 29, 1857, in Turtle, Rook Co., 
AVisc. ; married Jan. 30, 1HS:J, .Iknnh Faukinqtox, of Milwaukee. When a boy, attending 
school, ha manifested a disposition to become a journalist, and with this thought in view 
be labored Ui prepare himself foi Ihe profession of his choice. When but sixteen years 


old he started Tlie Clinton Independent, the Inst newspaper ever published in Clinton, 'Wis- 
consin, being then the youngest editor in the state, and according to George P. Unwell & 
Co.'s Newspaper Reporter, the youngest editor of a regular \\ cckly newspaper in the United 
States. After publishing The Independent for Qve years, he sold it, and with his cousin, 
M. T. Park, purchased The Walworth Count;/ Independent, at Elkhorn, the shire town of 
that county, 'Wise, but finding that the field was too small for two to labor to advantage, 
he sold his interest to his partner and purchased a new ollicc in'the city of Racine, where 
he started The Racine Evening News, which he published about four years. Then thinking 
that as lie had never worked in any office bill his own, a few years' experience on a more 
metropolitan paper would be beneficial to his Journalistic career, he sold The News, and 
accepted a position on the editorial staff of The Milwaukee Sentinel, which position lie 
held for about three years, when a more lucrative position as Milwaukee correspondent of 
The Chicago Tribune, was tendered him, which he accepted and still occupies. Is also 
agent of the Associated Press for Mibn aukee, and the Wisconsin correspondent of The Xeio 
York World. He now (1887) resides at GJ5 Grand Avenue, Milwaukee. 
Child born in Milwaukee: ' 

11C0. Lillian, 10 b. Sept. 23, 1885. 

847 Frederick A. 9 Treat {George Nelson* Alain? Cornelius, 5 Timothy, 5 Richard, 4 
TJipmas, 3 Richard, 2 Richard 1 ) born March 16, 1859, in Somerset, Niagara Co., N. Y. ; 
married dan. 24, 1883, Ida Feathkrstoke, of Hartland, Niagara Co., N. Y. He resides v ' 

on his father's form in Mendon, N. Y. 
Children born in Mendon : 
llfit. Cornelius Jay/" b. Feb. 7, 1884. 
11G2. George Van Ness, b. Sept. 12, 18SG. 

867 Wright 9 Treat (Cliarles Goodman* Cornelius Dwelly? Cornelius," Timothy, 5 
Richard,* Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard*), born Dec. 3, 1857, in Folsomdale, Wyoming 
Co., N. Y. ; married Nov. 16, 1875. at Bergen, Genesee Co., Hattie L. Lucrkv, born 
Aug. 27, 1851, at Le Roy, Genesee Co., N. Y. Reside in Manila, Erie Co., N. Y. 

Children, the first born in Rochester, N. Y., the second and third in Folsomdale, the 
others in Marilla : 

11G3. Wentwortii, 10 b. Nov. 17, 1870. 

11(54. Clarence I?., b. Feb. 10, 1879. 

llii.j. Frank, 1). May 29, 18S3. 

11C6. Grace Estelle, i>. Sept. G, 1885. 

11G7. Glenn, b. April 21, 1888. 

11G8. Ki'iin May, b. , 1889. 

871 Ira Ralph 9 Treat (Benjamin Palmer* Cornelius Dwelly, 1 Cornelius * Timo- 
thy, 5 Richard, 4 Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard 1 ), born Aug. 16, 1855, in Knowlesville, Or- 
leans Co., N. Y. ; married March 24, 187'.», Mauy Patterson, in Grand Rapids, Kent 
Co., Mich., where they now reside. Is a millwright. 
Children born in Grand Rapids: 
11G9. Benjamin Palmkr, 10 b. March 2."., 1880; d. April 3, 1SS3. 
1170. William Henry, b. Aug. 18, 1882; d. April 14, 1883. 

875 Edwin Chapin' 1 Treat (John Jay* Cornelhcs Dwelly? Cornelius,* Timothy, 5 

. Richard/' Thomas, 3 Ricliard? Richard 1 ), born Nov. 27, 1861, in Hannibal, Mo.; 

married Nov. 2, 1SS7, at Washington, Penii., Ada Covert, born May 22, 1863, and 

r ■ • ■ t : ('■' ,/ ^ ' -'v '-■,-' c - 1 i - --s * • /•• : 


eldest daughter of William and Jennie (Haropsen) Oiler. He was born July 15, 1839, 
in Washington Co., Penu., and she Dec. 20, 1841, in Green Co., Penn. Mr. Treat grad- 
uated in 1877 from the Hannibal High School, and in 1878 was apprenticed to learn the 
machinist trade. Was employed till 1887 on the Union Pacific R. R., when he accepted a. 
position in the southern Kansas R. R. shops, at Ottawa, Franklin Co., Kansas, where he 
resides. Has taken great interest in this work. 

Children, the first born in Ottawa, the second in Chanule, Neosho Co., Kansas: 

1171. Mkklis Rdwik," b. Oct. 16, 1888. 

1172. Daughter, b. Nov. 22, 1880; A. Nov. 22, 1889. 

877 Jolm Jay Treat (John Jay," Cornelius Dwdly, 1 Cornelius, Timothy, 5 Rich- 
ard,* TlLomas, 3 Richard,' 2 Richard 1 ), born Oct. 0, 1864, in Hannibal, Marion Co., Mo. ; 
married Jan. 15. 1888, in San Diego, Cal., Elizabeth Hukley, horn Dec. 2, 1868, 
in Whitneyville, Me., and daughter of Daniel and Catharine (McFaul) Hurley. Is a loco- 
motive, engineer and resides in San Jacinto, San Diego Co.. Cal. 

Children born in Los Angeles, Cal. : 

1173. John Bijknktt, 1u b. Oct. 30, 1888; d. Any. 10, 1889, in bos Angeles. 

1174. Lizzik May, b. Dec. I, 1889. 

880 Lillian Elizabeth Treat (John Jay, 8 Com din* Dwelly, 1 Cornelius,* Timo- 
thy, 6 Richard, 4 Thomas.' 1 Richard, 5 Richard 1 '), born Sept. 28, 1870, in Hannibal, Marion 
Co., Missouri ; married Sept. 22, 1889, at Kansas City, Silas M. Johnson, born Jan. 2G, 
1855, and son of Andrew J. aud Jane F. Johnson. Is a miller at Spokane Falls, Stevens 
Co., Washington. 

Son of Silas M. and Lillian E. Johnson, born in Rockford, Washington : 

1175. Bkulaii 15. Tueat, 10 b. July 6, 1890. 

913 Frank Congdon 9 Treat (J3< njamin Franklin* AM-n? Charles* ? Thomas.* 
Richard, 4 Tltomas, 3 Richard, 5 Richard 1 ), born May 1, 1857, in Colebrook. Ohio; married 
Sept. 3, 1888, Mollie Brady, of Battle Creek, Mich. Is proprietor of the Union House, 
Nashville, Mich.. 

Children, thofirst born in Nashville, the second in Battle Creek: 

1176. Roman I'.uauy,"' h. Dec. C, 1889. 

1177. Bkwjamis Fkaxm.ix, b. March 9, 1891. 

920 Mary C. 9 Treat (Andrew J.,* Sylvester? Charles 6 / Thomas, 5 Richard* Thom- 
as? Richard, 5 Richard 1 ), bom May 3, 1863, in Panama, Chautauqua Co., N. Y. ; married 
July 1, 1882, John H. Smith, at Grand Rapids, Mich. Resides (1886) in Dalton, Musk- 
egon Co., Mich. 

Children of John If. and Mary C. Smith, the first born in Valentine, Le Grange Co., 
Ind., the second in Dalton : 

1178. Ciiarucs, 10 I). Aug. 8, 1883. 

1179. Habky, I). Sept. 1-1, r885. 

930 Emery P.° Treat (Oscar F., s Roland? Daniel, 6 ? Thomas, 5 Richard,* Thom- 
as,'-' Richard,' 1 Richard 1 ), born Feb. 26, 1850, in Colebrook, Ashtabula Co., Ohio; married 
June 14, 1876, Maky C. Jones. Is a merchant in Iowa. 

Children : 

1180. Willakd II.." 1 h. Aug. 23, 1877. 

1181. GliOHGlsG., b. Sept. 15, 1879. 


1182. FLORENCE B.,b. Oct,. II, 1881; (1. May 22, 1883. 

1183. Jav E., b. July 10, 188',. 

948 Amasa Henry Treat (Hiram Francis* Lyman J Ashbel? Ashbel? Richard,* 

Thomas, 3 Richard? Richard 1 ), born , in Boonville, Oneida Co., X Y.; married 

first, , Sarah ; second, ■ , ■ — . Ik 1 resides in Charles City, Iowa. 

Is a marble carver l>y trade, and served three years during the Rebellion. 


1184. Leslie, 10 b. . 

118".. Amasa, 1). . 

118(1. JOSEPH, b. . ' 

1187. Lucy, 1j. . 

1188. M.utY E., b. . 

1189. James Lyman, b. . 

951 George Lyman' 1 Treat (Hiram Francis, 6 Lyman,'' Ashbd? Ashbel, 5 Rich- 
ard, 4 Thomas? Richard, 2 Richard 1 ) , born Nov. 14, 1859, in Janesville, "Wise. ; married 
Jan. 1, 1884, Cakuie E. Nkllis, daughter of Alexander and Orcclia Nellis, at Silver Lake, 
Palo Alio Co., Iowa. After the death of bis father hi 1876, he lived with his mother and 
grandfather at Afton, Wise., till IJ-i.^O, when he went to Alexandria, Douglass Co., Minn. 
After two months in a drug store. [he removed to Fargo, Dakota, where he remained a year 
engaged in the. same business. Returning to Alexandria he studied law with George II. 
Reynolds, and spent one year in the law department of the University of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor. Is now (1888) an attorney at law in Alexandria. 

Daughter, bora in Alexandria: 

1190. Altch Esther, 10 b. .Tan. 1, 1SS8. 

952 IT&nnah Stella Treat (Hiram Franc!.,* Lyman? Ashbel? Ashbel? Richard,' 
Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Aug. ">, 1802, in Anthony, now Minneapolis, Minn. ; 
married Jan. 29, 1883, George C. Antisdel, of Afton, Rock Co., Wise. Isa fanner and 
resides in Afton. 

Children of George C. and Hannah S. Antisdel, born in Afton: 

1191. Carrie 1'.,'" b. Nov. 16, 1883. 
H'.i2. Latha E., b. del. 13, 1885. 

1193. ERXBST George, b. Jan. 15, 1888. 

953 Edwin'W. Treat (Warren Augustus? Justus? Ashbel? Ashbel? Richard? 
Thomas? Richard? Ricltard 1 ), born Dee. 2G, 1858, in Marengo, 111. ; married May — , 
1881, Nellie Shumway of Marengo. lias removed to Missouri. 

Children, born in Marengo: 

1194. Mauki., 1 " b. May — , 1882. 

1195. Edwin M„ b. Feb., 1883. 

966 Dr. Joseph Augustus 9 Treat (Loren Ludlovi? Augustus? Aaron? Ashbel? 
Richard? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Dee. 10, 1841, in Orion, Oakland Co., 
Mich. ; married duly 9, 1872, Emma Augusta Stakkut, born duly •'><*, 1818. Is a physi- 
cian and dealer in drugs, medicines, etc., Stuart, Guthrie Co., Iowa; one of the execu- 
tive committee of the Iowa State Pharmaceutical Association; a vice president of the 
Iowa State Temperance Alliance. His name also oeeuvs in the Naturalists' Directory. 
Children • 
1190. Lohkn Augustus Stakritt,' b. March 2f>, 1875. 
Jlli7. Emma Mama, b. April 22, 187(1; d. Aug. 20, 1876. 


987 Oscar Clinton * Treat ( Loren Ludloro,* A uoustus,' 1 Aaron, 5 Ashbel* Ashbel, 5 
Richard,* Thomas, 3 Richard," Richard 1 ), born March 12, 1844, in Orion, Oakland Co., 
Mich. ; married Jan. 1, 1862, Charlotte M. Boskxguants. 
Children : 

119S. Mary Kumki ■.,"' b. Dec. 11, 18C2; ui., 1st, Aug. 10, 18S1, Edgar Griffiu; 2d, , — , 

Alvin Cole. Has a son by each marriage. 
1. Charles Milton" Griffin, b. Sept. 11, 1882. 

1199. Florence Amelia, b. Sept. 11, 1869. 

97' 7 Erastus Buck 3 Treat (Edwin Straiton, 6 Charles,"- Charles,'' Jonathan, 5 Cluxrlcs,* 
Thomas, 3 Richard,* Richard 1 ), boru April 10, 1838, in Glastonbury, Conn.; married 
Nov. 25, 1S63, Rhoda Ask Goslek, daughter of James and Folly (Sumner) Goslee, of 
Glabtoubury. He is a publishei and bookseller, No. 5 Cooper Union, New York. Was 
educated al Wilbraham Academy, Mass. From 18G2 to 18(55, was engaged as general 
agent in the subscription book business, in Chicago. In the latter year lie took entire 
charge of ihc subscription book deparlmenl of Charles Scribner & Co., N. Y., tinder the 
stylo of E. 15. Treat A; Co. Jn 1871, he began publishing on his own account. Makes a 
specialty of theological, religious, medical, scientific, biographical, historical and agri- 
cultural books. No member of the Americau publishing trade has made a more honorable 
success than Mr. Treat. 

Children born in New York City: 

1200. Everett Sumner, 10 b. Jan. 14, ISBo; d. Aug-. 2, 1SS*. 

1201. William (lo-w \nr>, b. Jan 30, 1SG8. 

1202. Huowning, b.'Jnne2l, 1 >70; d. April 5, is::;. 

1203. J'.nwi ; Citvij is, b. Jnne 12 ].' 73 

1204. Fayson Jackson, b. Nov. 1 1, 3S78. 

1205. l'i oka Draper b. Aug. 19, 18S3..' 

1206. Maky Sumner, b. Mar. 23, 1S35. 

984 Morgan' 1 Treat, (David Shepperd, 8 David, 1 Charles,* Jonathan, 5 Charles, 4 
Tho7nas, 3 Richard,- Richard 1 ), born Jan. 31, 1857, in Janesville, Wise. ; married April 22, 
1879, Sun Evelyn Roane, of Gloucester Co., Va., who was born July 4, 1S57, and is de- 
scended from an old colonial family. Was n delegate to the Chicago republican conven- 
tion in 1884, and again in 1888, as an anli-Mahone delegate; was elected to the Virginia 
Legislature in 1886; is now (1890) deputy collector internal revenue; is engaged in 
tannine:, having two farms in cultivation, and is also a wholesale and retail grocer, oper- 
ating two stores. Resides at West Point, King William Co., Ya. 

Children, born in West Point : 

1207. Leland Hoane," b. Aug. 25, 1S82. 

1208. Edwin Gii.ukrsi.eeve, b. Sept. 12, 18S4 ; d. Nov. 5, 1S81. 

992 James Welles 9 Treat (Leonard Welles,* Leonard," 1 Charles,* Jonathan, 5 
Gliarlcs,* 2 nomas, 3 Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), horn Jan. 28, 183G, in Glastonbury, Conn.; 
married April I, 1857, MautHA J.'i.uix oa House, born May 7, 1837, and daughter of 
Leonard and Adeline House. He was a member of the Conn. Legislature from Glaston- 
bury in 1856. Is a contractor and mason. Resides in Manchester, Conn. 

Children, the first three born in Glastonbury, the fourth in Manchester: 

1209. Osuorn Welles, 10 b. Nov. 30, 18.17; unm, l{csic!cs in \Villimantic, Conn. 

1210. Charles Lincoln, b. Nov. 30, ItiGO; U. April Ui, ISS0; num. 

KICIIARI) treat: ninth generation. 127 

1211. Burton Borbn, b. Sopt. 18, lSiil ; m. Aug. 28, 18S9, Sarah Viola Martin, of Manchester, 

where they reside. 

1212. Albert Lyman, b. June 12, 1879. 

993 Martha Elvira" Treat {Leonard Welles, 8 Leonard," 1 Charles, 6 Jonathan, 5 
Charles,* Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born .June 4, L839, in Dunkirk, N. Y. ; married 
Aug. 25, 1855, Gjcouge F. Gabriel, who was born April 4, 1831, in Stonington, Conn. 
Resides at Mystic River, Conn. 

Daughter of George F. and Martlia E. Gabriel : 

1213. Harriet N. M., 10 b. July 31, 185G. 

995 Leonard Welles 9 Treat (Leonard Welles, 6 Leonard, 1 Charles, 1 ' Jonathan? 
Charles? Thomas, 3 Richard? Jiichard 1 ), born June 12, 1843, in Milwaukee, Wise. ; married 
Sept. 29, 1867, Laura Ann Armstrong, who was born Sopt. 2, 1847, in Fullbn, Oswego 
Co., N. Y. Was brought up on a farm. July 12, 1862, enlisted in the oil Wisconsin 
Light Artillery. Served three years anil one month and was discharged Aug., 18G5. Re- 
moved to Bloomer, Chippewa Co., Wise,-, in 1885. Was engaged in lumbering for two 
years, and was then elected city marshal, which position lie still (1890) retains. 
Children : 
1^14. ITakvey Wallace, 10 b. Oct. 24, 18G8, Aztlan, Jefferson Co., Wise, j d. July <j, 1882, in Mil- 
ton, Rock Co., Wise. 
1215. Bcnii Wi.ii ikgton, h. July 14, 1870, in Oakland, Jefferson Co., Wise. 
121C. Newell Henry, b. April 3, 1S72, in Jefferson, Jefferson Co., Wi.>c. 
1217. George Fran-cis Wellics, b. May 1, 1 874 in Jefferson, Wise. 
12i8. Bessie Alvira, b. Sept. 8, 1870, in Oakland. 

1219. Rhoda Bki.i„ b. July 1, 1881, in Oakland. 

1220. Guy Wilbur, b. Aug. 28, 1883, in Milton; d. March 0, 1888, In Bloomer. 

1221. Jessie May, b. May 22, 1887, in Bloomer; d. March 24, 18S8, in Bloomer. 

998 Samuel Eugene" Treat (Samuel Clinton? Leonard,' 1 Charles? Jonathan? 
Charles? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born Dee. 13,1855, in Glastonbury, Conn.; died 

Jan. 20, 1889, in Manchester, Conn. ; married, lirst, , Li/.:',m Anderson; second, 

Oct. 2C, 1878, Nelue T. Warner, aged seventeen, horn in Hartford, Conn., who died 
Nov. 21, 1880. lie was a mason and resided in Manchester. 

Children, born in Manchester, by his second marriage: 

1222. Catharine R., 10 b. July 22, 1880. 

1223. Susan A., b. Nov. 22, 1882. 

3 GOO George Asa 9 Treat (James Watson? Leonard? Charles? Jonathan? Charles? 
Thomas? Ricliard? Richard 1 ), born Aug. 11, 1851, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; married June 
17, 1884, Mauv D. Chamberlain. Resides in Buckingham, Glastonbury, where he is a 
farmer. Is also organist at the Congregational church there. 

Son born in Glastonbury: 
1221. Lloyd Burton, 10 b. Aug. 8, 1885. 

1027 Charles Owen' 1 Treat (diaries C? Elisha? Charles? Jonathan? Charles? 
Thomas? Richard? Jiichard 1 ), born Sept. 22, 1849, in Glastonbury, Conn. ; married, 
first, June 16, 1870, Makyette (or Etta M.) Tkyon, who died July 26 or 27, 1870, aged 
twenty-eight, and daughter of George and Mary ICtta Tryon, of Glastonbury; second, 
Nov. 10, 187S,Gici.'Ti:i in; E. Nktti.i ion, born 185-1, in East Windsor. Resides in Si. nth 


Manchester. Is a mason-builder and dealer in lime, cement and plaster. Also fertilizers 
of ail kinds. 

Children, born in Manchester, by his second marriage: 

1225. Clinton," 1 b. Feb. 24, 1880. 

1220. Roiikiit Vaxci-, 1). Sept. 11, I88G. 

1227. Hat rir, Ai.ick, b. Aug. 23, 18S8. 

1054 Caroline 1 ' Treat (Rufus Gates, 8 Sylvester, 1 Peter, 6 Peter, 5 Thomas, 4 Tliomas, 3 
Richard,- Richard 1 ), born Feb. 27, 1857, in Chatham, Tioga Co., Penn. ; married July 3, 
1875, Thomas Jkki kkson Ransom, born Dec. 10, 1849, and sou of John James liansom, 
born 1810, died Jan. 18, 1866, and Lucy Stevens, born Dee. 23, 1822, died Sept. 19, 
1866, at Osceola, Penn. Is r. fanner and resides in Clymcr, Penn. 

Daughter of Thomas J. and Caroline Ransom, born in Clynier: 

1228., 10 I). July 17, 1878. 

J 058 Nellie Lucinda" Treat (Mufus Gates 8 Sylvester, 1 Peter, 6 Peter, 5 Thomas* 
Thomas, 3 Richard,- Richard 1 ), born Nov. 9, 1861, in Chatham, Tioga Co., Penn. ; died 
June 27, 1887. in Chatham; married Oct. 4, 1879, George Ransom, born Aug. 23, 1854, 
and son of John James Ransom. His brother Tliomas J. Ransom married his wife's sis- 
ter Caroline Treat. Is a farmer, and resides (1888) in Chatham. 
Children of George and Nellie L. Ransom, born in Chatham: 
1220. Iliviso GlMnGF.,'- 1). Sep:. 2!), 18S1. 
1230. Ida, b. July 1!), 1883. 
]2: J 1. lines TitEAT, b. Aug. 22, 188G. 

1057 Ada Evaline Treat (Rufus Gates, 8 Sylvester, 1 Peter, 6 Peter, 5 Thomas:.* 
Thomas, 3 Richard, 9 - Richard 1 ), born Jan. 23, 1866, in Chatham, Tioga Co., Penn. ; mar- 
ried April 2, 1881, Frank Lewblltn Palmer, born Jan. 23. 18G1, in Chatham, and sou 
of Vine Palmer. Is a farmer, and resides (188S) in Chatham. 

Daughter of Frank L. and Ala E. Palmer, born in Chatham: 
1232. Mvuii.r,." 1 b. Dec. 20, 1SS5. 

1093 Horace Treat (Unmet- Brooks 8 Horace, 1 Charles 6 John,-' Thomas* Thom- 
as 3 Richird,- RicJiard 1 ), born Dee. 8, 1815, in South Glastonbury, Conn. ; married Aug. 
5, 1S69, Ellen Fi.vxn. Reside 1 (1839) at Warehouse Point, Conn., and was employed 
in the silk mill. Is now in Pittsfield, Mass. 

Children, the first bom in St. .Louis, Mo., the next lour in Glastonbury, the sixth in 
Hartford, the seventh at Warehouse Point, and the eighth at Pittsfield : 
1233 Sarah, 10 b. July ). 1S70; cl. July 19, 1S90, in Pittsfield. 

1234. K»WAi<». u. July 31, 1872. 

1235. George Caul, b. Feb. 8, 1S75. 
1230. .1 i-i-i \. b. April G, 1S77. 

1287. Mixxiii, b. Aug. 1, 1879. 

1238. Aiivmxe, b. Oct-. 10, 1881. 

1239. Ju-i-.i-ii, li Dee. 30,' 18*3. 

1240. I&uiki.i.k, b Jinn 10, 1891. 

HOO Orion'-' Treat ( Horace. Brooks 8 Horace, 1 Charles, 6 John,-' Thomas,* Thomas 3 
Richard, 9 - Richard 1 ), horn Aug. 5, 1S4S, in South Glastonbury, Conn.; married July 4, 
1871, Maucaue'i \'.. Paxson. Resides in Manchester, Conn. Is a manufacturer of knit 
tine machine needles. 

RICHARD treat: ninth generation. 12'J 

Daughter, horn in North Manchester: 

1241. Maiiy Axgklinb, 10 I). May 13, 1872. 

1102 Frederick Treat {Horace Brooks* Horace? Charles* John, 5 Thomas, 4 
Thomas, 3 Richard, 3 Ricliurd 1 ), born Dec. 29, 185G, in South Glastonbury, Conn. ; married 
Jan. 25, 1879, Sara.ii Isabel Quimby. Resides in Pittsfield, Mass. Is a millwright. 

Children, tlic first born in SUitersville, II. I., the second in Pittsfield, Mass. : 

1242. James Fkedehicic, 10 b. April 11, 18S7. 
12J3. Claresck Fuaxklyk, b. Jan. 24, 1890. 

1104 Harry Thompson. 9 Treat (Horace BrooJcs? Horace,- 1 Charles? John, 5 
Thomas? Thomas? Richard? Richard 1 ), born April G, 1SG4, in South Glastonbury, 
Conn ; married June 22, 18S6, Maiiy Riley. Resides in Slatersville, R. I. Is a ma- 

Children, the first born in Albion, R. I., the second in Slatersville : 
1244. IIajhsy, 10 b. Jan. 8, 1SSS. 

1215. Ekxest BeksaKd, b. April 4, 1890; 0. Aug. 29, 1S90, in Slatersville. 


(5) Gov. Robert 3 Treat (EkhonV), born about Kc'l ; baptized Feb. 25, 1021-5, 
in Pitminslcr, Somerset, England; died July 12, 1710, 1 aged eighty-eight (gra\ csl.ojie, 

in Mil ford, Conn.) ; married, first, -, JakkTavp, who died Llie last of October, 170.:, 

aged seventy-five (gravestone, almost illegible), at Milford, where liar name is spelled 
Treate, and daughter of Edmund 'I app, one or the founders of the Church in Milford, Aug. 
22, IC39, and one of its "sevi n pillars ;" second, Oct. 24, 1705, for her third husband, 
Mrs. Elizabeth (Hoi.lingswoutii) ill. van-. Irani June 16, j 01), died Jan. 10, 1706, aged 
sixty-eight ( 'i sixty-five) (grav< stone, almost illegible, Milford). She was the daughter of 
Elder Michael and Abigail Powell ol Boston, married, first, Aug. 23, 1 059, Richard ITollings- 
worth; second, about 1675, Richard Bryan, the settler and merchant of 1639. lie wa.3 
born in England. The inventory of her personal property, amounting to £24. ls. : was 
presented to Probate the second Wednesday in April, 1706. W'epowage. which reel ivod 
.the name of Milford, Nov. 24, 1C40, was purchased of the Indians Feb. 12, 1639. The 
deed was given to four persons in trust for the Planters. Among those who came from 
Wetiioisfiek 1 , was Robert Treat. His name, as well as the names ui' some others, docs 
not appear among the "free planters," probably on account of his extreme youth. Ton 
names aie rcc-.oided immediately below tiie "free planters," and Mr. Treat's is seventh on 
the list. At. |.i i c first meeting .if the Planters, Nov. 20, 1G39, Roberl Treat, though less 
ili. in sixteen years old, was one of the nine appointed to survey and lay out the lauds. 
Mis name appears eighth on the list. He subsequently returned to Wethersfield, and was 
elected niteinnker there in 1C47. Soon after lie removed to Milford, where lie had owned 
land for some years, and there his eldest son Samuel was baptized Sept. 3, 1G48, on which 
occasion he is recorded as belonging to the church at Wethcrslield, but was received into 
the church at Milford, Vpril 19, J.G4U, togethci with his wife .lane, In 1G49, Edmund 
Tapp gave land to his son-in-law Robert Treat. Milford was eariy united with tin New 
Haven Colony for greater protection against the Indians and Dutch. The town records 
commence Oct. 13, 16-33, fourteen years alter the settlement. Tlic earlier and many of 
the subsequent records are lost. What remain are very defective and scanty. There are 
clso defects in the church records. Mr. Treat is said to have held the ollice of Town 
Clerk in 16-10, though there is no record of this. 

Governor Treat is commonly said to have hail twenty-one children, but there is no foun- 
dation whatever for this statement. The mistake probably arose from counting the chil- 

1 There app '«rs to h»; a discrepancy between the baptismal and gravostoni date as to his age. If 
horn in Pub., H ; "l, old style, In; would have- been ajred sfl y. and about u in. ill llie time of his death 
1710. 15utM}iiif-timr» baptlMU wnsilulcrrnci I'm months mid even years, though usually administered 
a. few days or we»kx after birih. So that if his baptism occurred muiij months alter his birth, lie 
would have been over - / wan. old, inn! in Ins tiSlli Mar: or the dale on the gravestone ma.\ be an 
error suc-l as rivo.iK-n'.l;j occurs. 



dren of his son and grandson Uol ovt as bis. In his will, dated Jan. 5, 1 707, he mentions 
only seven, — Samuel, John, Mary. Robert, Hannah, Joseph and Abigail. See Lambert's 
History of the Colony of New Haven, pp. 85-lfiO, for an account of Millbrd, an<l a sketcli 
of Governor Treat. It :ilso contains a view of his house, on lot 85, plan of Mil ford, p. 
93, :uh1 a fac-similo of his autograph, and the seal used by him, on p. 1 ■">'•;. 

lint scant justice Ikis as yet been done to the memory of Governor Treat. Many years 
ago, Mr. [ferny Champion, of New Haven, to whose widow. Sarah Elizabeth Champion, 
I am under very great obligations, prepared a most excellent paper on the Life and Char- 
acter of Robert Treat, which was read before the New Haven Historical Society, Sept. 
25, 1665. This paper I have printed. 1 have also added an article which 1 had 
pi i pared long before 1 knew of the existence of 3 1 r. Champion's paper, as it contains many 
things upon which he lias touched but lightly or nol at all. Both papers are the results 
of independent in restigation. 

We know nothing as to the early history of Robert Treat. That he must have beer, 
well educated may be inferred from the fact that though he was not a college-bred man, 
he was familial with Latin, and sometimes makes use of it in his letters, as in one to_ Fitz- 
Jolin Winthrop, — who succeeded him as Governor of the Colony, and with whom he was 
on terms of the closest intimacy— dated Aug. 17, 1700, il .*perare pro tlmerc." Mass. Hist. 
Coll., 6th Series, Vol. 3, Winthrop Papers, Part V, p. 57 ; also in a letter to Winthrop, 
dated April 7, 1702, "my utinam," lb. p. 90. He "as then neatly cighly years old. 
There is a tradition that he was an inmate of the household of Rev. Mr. Prndden, the first 
minister at Mi I ford. If so, perhaps it was once the intention to educate Robert Treat for 
the ministry. 

Children, born in Milford and baptized in the First Church, by his first marriage : 

2. S\.\rio-:r .' b. ; bupt. Sept, 3, PUS; d. March 18. 17IG-7; m., 1st, March 10, 1C74, 

Elizabeth Mayo; 2d, An«r. 20, 1700, Mrs. ,\ I -i l.- : i i 1 (Willard) Estahroofe. 
.'i. .Ion:-, b. ; bapt. Oct. l"j, IGuO; d. Aug. l, 171-tj m., lit, , Abigail Ticiienor; 

4. >;•!.,. b. May 1, 10, r >2; bant. May 30, 1052; (1. Nov. 12, 1704; m. , Don. Azariah 

ii. Rohf.ct, b. Ann:. U, 10:14; hapt. An-. 20, 1G51 ; tl. March 20- 1720; m., 1st, . Kli/.n- 

b.jtli ; 2d, Alri-fiii! Camp. 

fi. Sahui, I). Oct. 9, Ifl.",ii; bupt. Oct.. — , lOSfi; cl. probably in In fancy. 

7. AniRAli., !>. about 1G00: bapt. (no record) , d. Dec. 33, 1727, in her GSth year; ffi. -.-, 

Rev. Samuel \mtrew. 

8. Hakim n b. .Tan. 1,1000-1; bapt. between n>»0 and KKil-2, baptism recorded, but date 

nol •riven on tlio record; d. March .">. 1701- S; i i. , Rev. Samuel Mather. 

0. Josi i i, ',. Sept. 17. 10(12; bapt. Sept. 11), 10(12; d. Aug. 9, 1721 ; m., 1st, , Frances 

lJiyau; 2d, Nov. S, 1705, Mrs. Elizabeth .Me.rwiu. 



When Milford was settled in 1G3S), one of those who came from Wcthorsfield was Rob- 
ert Treat, a young man not more than eighteen years of age. 1 He was not enrolled among 
the planters, but his name appears immediately afterwards with eight others 3 not in church 
fellowship, and therefore without the requisite qualification for rreeman. We are not in- 
formed why he left his home, but as during the stay of Rev. Mr. Prudden in Wcthersfiold 
many of the inhabitants had formed so strong an attachment for him, thai they followed 
him to Milford, we may well suppose Robert to have been actuated by the sameimpuh e, and 
indeed tradition vaguely hints that lie was a member of Mr. Prnddi n's family. 3 "lie v, as," 
says Lambert, 4 and Hollister repeals tin- story, 5 but on what authority I do not know, "at 
the first meeting of the planters chosen to assist in survey ing and laying out the township." 
It is not at all unlikely thai he did assist, being a young man b\ no means indolent; but 
the persons chosen for that purpose are expressly directed to be church members, and 
this, as ive have see a, Robert Treat was not; nor did he unite with the church until nftei 
hi- marriage, in 16-1 i). 1 Lambert also gives him the credit of being town clerk from 
1(540-8,' but this must be mere tradition. The first notice which the Mil ford records lake 
of him after the enrolment of his name, is his appointment in lGfr2, with several others 
to survey a piece of land. The New Haven colonial records do not mention his name be- 
fore 1G44. The unfortunate loss of records that exists from that date till 1G53, leaves a 
blank that cannot be filled up, bat it is probable that the young man had gradually been 
rising more and more into notice, and in 1G/33, he was chosen deputy to the General Couit 
foi Milford. The next year Milford honored him further by choosiug him their lieuten- 
ant, and the Genera! Court confirming the choice, declared him "the chiefc military oflicei 
there foi the prescnl to order ye military affaires of that towne." 10 

In IGOi, a number of persons purchased land at Paugasset. now I>> rby, and asked and 
reci ived. from the General Court, permission to establish themselves at that place without 
being under the jurisdiction of New Haven 01 Milford," but upon the strenuous opposi- 
tion of Milford, and especially of the two deputies, Robert Treat and Thomas Bucking- 
ham, together with Rev. Mr. Prudden, who made it evident that the proposed settlement 
would narrow too greatly their bounds, the Paugasset settlers agreed to sell their purchase 
to Milford if that town would furni u them with "comfortable accommodations for their 
subsistence." This Milford was unable to do, professing to have no meadow to dispose 
of, but Robert Treat settled the mailer by offering s«;vcn acres of his own land for their 
use, 1 - lie had now become an extensive landholder, though he had no assignment of 
land in the first distribution, 13 but lived upon the laud of his father-in-law, Edmund Tapp, 

' Hi coiiW not. have heen more than sixteen.— J. II. T. •Miln.ul Records. :l Lambert's [list, of 
N.-„ Haven, 1.17. '//... i.'!7. "Hist, ol Conn, 1: S0!1. °.M .11. 'Kirsl Cliiireli Rue. s !lisl. H7. 
"New Haven Coldiiy lii-conls, 2 : 3. '"•"'■> '••!>■ "Jli.,iT>G. ,a N. II. C. It., 2 : 178-'.l. "Lambert, U0. 


unci hat! large grants of land made I" him from time to time. 1 In IGM, be had the furthi r 
privilege granted him of talcing shares in the distribution of some public land on behalf 
of his children, and this was extended to all such distributions a few years later, 2 an 
honor granted to no one else in the colony. 

Milford received a reprimand for requiring their lieutenant ''to watch as other men," 
from the General Court, in lGoi). 3 lie was chosen by his townsmen several times to pur- 
chase and divide public lauds. 1 He assisted in 1GG0, al the installation of Rev. Roger 
Newton, Mr. Pruddeu's successor, being one of the laymen chosen to perform the cere- 
mony of laying on of hands, 5 and held the post of deputy for Milford until IG.V.i. 
with the exception of one year, and then being elected magistrate he served for five years 
on the Governor's Council, when, though re-elected, he declined to serve. 1 '' In IGG1, the 
first serious trouble in the quiet life of the New Haven Colony arose, and gave to the Gen- 
eral Court more perplexing duties than the usual business of punishing criminals, deciding 
disputes, and electing ollicers. 

On May 17, ; the Deputy Governor (Governor Newman having died the December pre- 
vious), called in haste a meeting of the General Court and laid before them a copy of a. 
letter from the King, Charles II, commanding the arrest of the regicides, Judges Goffe 
and Whalley. The magistrates and deputies all professed themselves utterly ignorant 
that they were in the colony. "They wished a search had been sooner made and did now 
order that the Magistrates take care and send forth warrent" for "a diligent search." 
Robert Treat in pursuance of tin's order issued and signed a writ commanding certain in- 
habitants of Milford to make diligent search throughout (hat town for "Colonell Whalley 
and Colonel! Goffe," doubtless well aware that no search however diligenl would find them 
at thai time within the town limits. They subsequently resided t here for some lime, how- 
ever, and numbered Robert Treat, tradition says, among their select acquaintances! and 
friends. 8 

Soon after, the threatened subjection of the New Haven jurisdiction to Connecticut., 
called for the exercise of all the statesmanship of the colony. In this Robert Treat tools 
an important part. lie was a man of considerable note, having been chosen captain by 
Milford'-' and by the colony, in 1GG1-2, as a substitute for cithi v of the commissioners to 
the United Colonies, 111 though he had no occasion to act. Hi must have been second to 
none in the colony, unless we except the Governor, William Le.cte and a few others, as 
Mr. Gilbert, Mr. Crane and. Mr. Fenn. 

lie was peculiarly fitted to engage in the task of uniting and harmonising the two col- 
onies, from the circumstances of his birth and connections. His father was an important 
and honored member of the Connecticut colony, for many years a magistrate, n patentee, 
al the special requtsl of Connecticut, in the new charier under which the two were to 
unite, and this request may he. re been dictated by his connection through his son with the 
New Haven jurisdiction. His brothers and. brothers-in-law too, were no unknown per- 
sons,— Richard, jr., and James Treat. John Ilollister and John Doming, the last also a 
patentee, 11 — and are constantly named in the colonial records. Matthew Campfield of New 
Haven, another brother-in-law, was also a patentee in the charter. By his own marriage 
he had connected himself with an influential settler, Edmund Tapp, one of the chief men, 
and one of the ''S< veil pillars" ol the first church in Milford. 

And here perhaps it may be as well to go hack and look at his private life, whal little 

'M.-K. '' lb. 'N II. 0. R., 2: 177. 'M II. 'TA-nliert, 102. «N. TI C. It., 2: 5-13. •//... :;sa. 
B llolii-stur, i ■ :>ll. »N. )i. C. K . 2: WO. '"II,., 102, 151. " Conn. Col. Itoc., 2: 3. 


i: or. r.iiT tp.i'.at : skoonu (ii:;<i.r : /,Tio>;. 

there is known of it. lie was married about l(U7 to Edmund Tapp's only daughter Jane. 
The tradition mentioned by Lambert, 1 though comparatively well known, must nol be 
omitted here. One day when calling upon the elder, he look .lancupon Lis knee and com- 
menced to trot her. "Robert," said she, "lie still that, I had rather be Treated than 
trotted," which hint led to his proposal of marriage, and she soon became Airs. Treat. 2 
He seems to have lateen up his abode with his father-in-law, as his homestead .stood upon 
the lo1 originally granted to Edmund Tapp. 3 

Whether the insinuation of Jane Tapp had any reference to the old name of Trott, 1 
leave for the consideration of any who wish it. Tradition leaves us in the dark in regard 
to his family affairs hereafter, and the Milford records give us all we know. According 
to these, np to the time of the union of the two colonies, he had eight children, four boys 
and four girls, all of whom, with one exception, lived to become substantial citizens of 
this and other colonics. Goodwin's Notes' give two other daughters who died in early 
life, but there is no record authority for them, much less for the absurd story which credits 
him will; the nnmb< r of twi nty-onc, accounted for by Savage 5 on the ground that some of 
his grandchildren had been counted in, and the only solution which 1 can offer is, that some 
enthusiastic genealogist had counted all the children of Robert Treat he could find on the 
Milford records, as the Governor's, including even some of his great grandchildren, which 
would just, about complete tin requisite number. 

Me was an active participant in all that concerned the welfare of the town, and among 
other occupations found time to establish a fulling and grist mill. 6 And we must turn 
now to the part he took in the union of the two colonies. ) cannot, of course, go into all 
the details of this matter, but it may be necessary to allude to the facl that Connecticut 
had, through their agent Governor Winthrop, procured a charter so framed us to include 
within its bounds the territory of New Haven and (he towns under its jurisdiction, and 
this without their consent in any way expressed or implied As a natural consequence 
the New Haven colonists were sorely tried and grieved, and resisted the efforts of Con- 
necticut to either compel or persuade them to submit, and in die end il war; mainly the 
pressure of outside danger that caused the union. In Oct , 1 602, correspondence was 
commenced between the two colonics, and was carried on from time to time, mainly by the 
Governor and Council, on the part of New Haven. One is tempted to think that the hand 
of Robert Treat can be seen in the construction of many of tin documents sent to Hart- 
ford. Moderate and cool in determining his, Imi inflexible when once he had set- 
tled upon it. as Ins whole course shows him to have been, much of the correspondence 
shows these two traits of character in a remarkable degree. [lis signature is that of a 
cool and collected, though resolute person, and compares favorably with any of the other 
autograph's appended to the letters to Hartford. 7 In 1GG3, Mr. Treat was again chosen 
magistrate for Milford, 8 and was also mentioned in a communication from Hartford as 

"Lambert, 137. 2 Tt is a l rndition that liobi rt Treat was married a* i\ spinning lice mi Christmas night 
nt, tin? house nf Edmund Tapp. Jane's eldest sister hud already married Win. Kowler. On tins occa- 
sion, ho is said to have troiWl .Tunc. The "to-rglei" having beeome cool Holier!. Treat seized the 
andirons and heated the Hip. The old "llipdog" or "toggler" was beuneaihed to Elder Daniel Buck- 
ingham who married Hannah daughter of Win. Fowler, and pr< served by liim .is :i memento of the 
three families. Kiiekmgliaiu's grandson married in 17>SS Susiuinali Kowler, a descendant of Win. 
Kowler, and the '-toggler" was brought, oul ns lhe identical one n.-ed by Uobert Treat at his wedding. 
11 was always used on the anniversary of the Govemoi's we Iding. It is new in the possession of 
Nail, .in;;. I'ond of Milford, who obtained il of Mrs. George Tibliais. It is said to lie the only one 
now in existence.— .1". II. T. 'Lambert, SH, !W, l;'.s. 'l'age JWS. "Oeneal. Diet. "Lambert, US. 
'C. C. It., 2;4fi!l. e JI,., I.SS. 

i.'Mjihur treat: second oenewatio; 

1 35 

one wlio should have "magistraticail powers" in thai pari of the colony in event of a 
union. 1 

The matter was delayed another year, and in May, IGG'i, Govemoi' Lccte, having scnl 
to the colony of Massachusetts for counsel and receiving word thai they had appointed a 
coiuinittee to confer with them on the subject of their differences with Connecticut, sent 
Robert Trent and William Jones to meet the gentlemen from Massachusetts. 2 They re- 
turned without accomplishing anything, and meanwhile circumstances weir rendering any 
other issue than the Union entirely hopeless. Mr. Treat, with his townsman Benjamin 
Fenn, wore upon the election day, three weeks after, again elected as magistrates for Mil- 
ford, but Mr. Treat declined to hold the. oflice, 3 doubtless believing that lie could belter 
assist his country in other positions. Connecticut now assumed the government, and in- 
vested several persons, among them Mr. Treat, with "lnagistratical power" in the towns 
of tin; N.'e.' Haven jurisdiction. 

This power, however, was never exercised, unless indeed in Milford, which submitted 
on its own account, doubtless by Mr. Treat's advice, about a mouth afterwards. This 
act was much disliked by their neighbor of New Haven, but they also, deserted by the 
rest, finally yielded ''as from a necessity brought upon us by their meancs of Counecticutt 
aforesaid,'' and appointed the Genera] Court as a committee, adding Robert Treat 4 and 
several others', a committee to consummate the agreement of Union. This committee en- 
gaged in a very amicable correspondence, resulting in the settlement of all ditllculties, and 
the authorizing all the officers of the old colony to act until the n< xt election. 

At the same time the General Court of the now United Colonies nominated most of the 
old New Haven magistrates for election as assistants,'' but for some reason or other Mr. 
Treat Jailed to gain the election. Perhaps the part he had taken had made him too many 
enemies, but ii is more than probable, that already contemplating a move to New Jersey, 
he declined an office in the United Colony, since the Union, though he had assisted in it. 
was not founded upon the strict principles in which he had been brought up, and musl 
have been disagreeable to him. He does not seem to have lost favor with the General 
Court, lor lie was very soon appointed captain of the Train I'.and of Milford, in view of 
the. expected attack of the Dutch from New York, and was also selected as one to watch 
for and give notice of 1 he approach of the enemy. 8 In 1 6G5, he was elected as Deputy to 
the General Court, 7 and the succeeding year nominated as assistant, 8 but again either 
failed of an election, or refused the place, and from this time for several years his name 
disappears from the colonial records. Bui he was busy elsewhere. Many of the inhab- 
itants of Milford and the other towns, disliking the Union forced upon them by Connecti- 
cut, assisted by untoward circumstances, and hearing thai the colony of New Jersey offered 
favorable opportunities for establishing their peculiar form of mixed ecclesiastical and po- 
litical government, in 1GGG, sent Robert Treat and two or three others to investigate and, 
if possible and desirable, to make preparation for the founding of a new town in that 

They selected what is now Newark for the site ot tlicii town, purchased it from the In- 
dians — satisfying a doubtful claim to a part of it rather than enter into a conflict — and 
made all necessary preparations for the arrival of the settlers. Early in May, some o) 
the settlers came and established a "Godly Government" upon the spot. Robert Treat, 
with ien others, five being a quorum, was chosen to act in settling the place and preserv- 

N. II. C. It., 2: 401. "]!■., 5J2. 3 lb., 513. *!!>., 551. S C. C. U., 2: 30. ° H, .,31. ' 7/,., •_';;. 


ing order. 1 A year after, all the emigrant.; arrived and the lots already laid out were di- 
vided, those from each town taking lets in a group by themselves. Bui lirsl the neighbors 
of Milford and New Haven gave way Hint Captain Robert Treat should choose his lot, 
which being done, and two more acres than the avenge being given to him, the remainder 
was distributed evenly among the rest, six acres each.'-' Thus they honored their pioneer. 

Here, as in Milford, he was foremost whenever bounds were to be settled. Elizabeth- 
town, 1 heir nearest neighbor, had a dispute with Newark concerning the extent of their 
respective rights, and commissioners from Elizabethtown met Robert Treat and others 
from Newark, empowered to settle the dividing line upon a hill, thence called Divident 
hill, where the captain lirst lifted up his voice in prayer, 'Ulial there might be a, good agree- 
ment between thcm," : and the line being ran, the completed task was closed by John Og- 
den of Elizabethtown giving thanks for their loving agreement. 3 

In New Jersey there was a general assembly or colonial legislature, and to this for five 
years, from 1667-1672, Robert Treat was annually chosen deputy by Newark,' 1 having 
already acted first as then town cleric."' 

In 1 G72, he returned to Connecticut. What his reasons were cannot of course be known, 
but while it seems unlikely that he had even intended permanently to settle there, for I 
cannot learn that iris whole family moved, or that he sold his Milford property, yet it may 
have been that he round that not even in New Jersey could he find that perfect liberty he 
desire,!, am! preferred to end his days in his old home, lie left two of his children, how- 
ever, as pledges of his interest in the welfare of the town, his son John and daughter Mary, 
wife of a prominent citizen of Newark, and he left, too, a cherished memory, that is not 
yet quite extinguished from the minds of the inhabitants of Newark. 

Upon his return he was immediately called upon by the General Court to act as second. 
in command of the forces of New Haven County in the anticipated conflict with the Dutch,"' 
and at the next election was chosen assistant, 8 which office he filled for Hie three ensuing 
years, and in that capacity formed one of what is known as the "Committee of safety," 3 
often appointed during threatening times to act while the General Court was not in ses- 
sion. He \ placed ii: command cf all the New Haven County forces, l'JO men, 1 " and 
second to Maj. John Talcoft in command of the Connecticut force,' 1 which they expected 
to send against Now York, '"but the peace of lG7o rendered these preparations needless, 
and the militia was disbanded. 

Though released from military duties, he did not remain idle, lie is one of a committee 
to run the lines of Norwalk, Stamford, Greenwich, and Rye; 1 - to settle a dispute in Say- 
brook about common lauds; "to hear the Indian complaints and draw the same to an is- 
sue;" 13 to settle the bounds between New Haven and Milford ; u and lie seems to have been 
especially relied, upon in matters of this nature. lie is .sent with several others '-to im- 
prove there best abilities and endcauours to setlc an accomodation between the people and 
minister of Fayrefeild . . . and to endcauourallso the obteyning and settling of a min- 
ister at Rye.'' 15 His private oflices were very numerous. .Vs trustee, executor, appraiser, 
etc., ho appears many times upon our probate records and it would noi be too much to 
say that hardly an estate of consequence in Milford was settled from 1070 to 1700, with- 
out some allusion to him in its progress. He was often called upon also to perform the 
marriage ceremony, for couples in those times went oftener to the magistrate than to the 
minister, and lie seems to have been universally relied on by persons in all walks of life 
as one. whose honor and integrity were supported !vy wisdom and prudence. 

'Stearns' Newark, 0-H. * lb., '10. J lb , -In. '11,., 52. - Jl,., :\Z. * II,., .V, 33. ; C. C. K.,2 : S3. 

*Ib.,-l'Jl. "10., -Ml. '"lb., l'i'7. " lb., .'!>. '•/(...-.'u.;. •■■ ii..,r±:,. " Jb.,T.;:> ' lb., 210. 


The opening of the year 1C75 brought upon the colonies at once two direful evils, either 
of which alone had been a liluu' severe enough to threaten their existence. These were 
the one external, the other internal ; the lirst personified in Sir Edmund Andros, the sec- 
ond, in King Philip. 

The limits of this sketch will not justify any account of the causes or history of these 
two perils, .save in so far as they are connected with Robert Treat, and as he was the prin- 
cipal actor in King Philip's war. 1 will relate his part in that without noticing the con- 
temporaneous disputes with Andros till afterwards. The colony of Plymouth was the first 
to suffer from the Indians in this new outbreak, and the alarm and destruction soon spread 
to Massachusetts and Rhode Island, while as yet Connecticut was unmolested, and at lib- 
erty to use all her strength against, Andros. 1 In the middle of September, however, the 
commissioners of the United Colonies ordered 1000 men to be raised, 9 and the. Governor and 
Council of Connecticut commissioned Major Treat as commander-in-chief of the quota of 
Connecticut. This commission I have ventured to copy at length, for it shows exactly 
the trust and confidence reposed in him, and with the annexed instructions is of consider- 
able general interest. It is as follows : : ' 

'•To Major Rob' Treat 

'■You being nominated and appoynted by the Councill of Connect.icott, August 25, 1 675, 
Commander in Clnefe of such forces as are sent forth from this Colony to assist and de- 
fend o r confederates of the Massachusetts in the persuit or prosecution of these Indian 
enemies that are in open hostility against the English, These are in his Maj ics Name to 
will and require you, and you are hereby commissionated to lake under your conduct, 
charge, and gouerment, all the sayd military forces with all such amies, ammunition, pro- 
vsions and other appurtenances, with all officers and soldiers, to be ordered, martialled 
managed and disposed of upon all occasions by yourself and the council of warr accord-. 
ing to the course of military discipline, and according to such instructions as you shall here- 
with roceiue and from time to time receiue from them till yon shall return agayne. You 
are allso hereby impowered w ;l ' the councill of war to use and execute martial discipline 
upon all offendors and delinquents, as occasion shall be, by fines or either military punish- 
ments if need shall require. Wc doe appoynt your commission officers to be 3 our councill, 
whereof yourselfc is to be president and have a easting voyce. And you or your council, 
or the greater number of then;, shall bane power from time to time, as a councill of war, to 
manage all affayres concerning this present expedition ; and you may joyne in councill with 
such other of the Grentl" of the Massachusetts as shall be empowered to joyn in councill 
with you, and to lake their assistance with you in the pursuit, of the enemie ; and you are 
according t.o your best skill to take all fitting wayes and meanes and opportunities to de- 
stroy the enemie; and in want of any officers in your army, yon, with your councill are 
hereby authorized to make up such defects or vacancies. You are also impowered to use, 
any stratagems of war for aduantago against the enemie, and to induce or draw of parties 
or persons from them upon just and. lion' 1 ''' terms of concession or quarter as yon may : pro- 
vided that grand contriuers and murtherers be exempted from pardon, and due satisfaction 
made, for other wrongs when proved against, them." 

To this commission a series of instructions were added, commencing, "Forasmuch us 
the most holy and just God, for our many and great, sins hath seen cause to exercise New 
England, by letting loose the barbarrous heathen to commit outrage-, inurlher, ami spoyic," 
and then ordering the Major where to go, and how to cooperate with the "Bay forces." 
He was, especially "to see weil to the carriage and behauior of all under" his "command, 
that, it be sober, Christian and comely, both in words and deeds according to the G-ospell 
profession, before iiie heathen and in the sight, of all men; that so the name of our God 

1 Trumbull, Hist., <•,!. 1797, 1 : 343-340. ■ lb., 358. s C. C. 11., '-> : 33G-7. 

138 HOIIEKT treat: second generation, 

be not dishonoured by iV' .selves while, we are endeavoring to vindicate the same against the 
heathen's wickedness and blasphemies." He was further to "improuc the best of Ins skill 
to [ireserve the lives and limbos" ol ' n ' s soldiers, and to lake special care that the Rever- 
end Mr. Whiting (their Chaplain) be "accomodated with the best supplyes and in the 
greatest security." 1 

Armed with this commission and with such designs, he took a portion of the quota of 
Connecticut to the north to assist in the defence of some of the Massachusetts towns. 
There he .arrived in season to render that colony the eminent service of saving the town 
of Springfield from utter destruction. Deeufield had just been sacked and burned ; a body 
of t lie best young men from the county, ''the Mower of Essex," employed in guarding a 
train of wheat-laden wagons on their way Lo Had ley had been attacked and barely rescued 
from destruction by the timely arrival of the Major on his northward march, and the In- 
dians Inning devastated the regions around these towns, now plotted the destruction of 
Springfield. Major Treat, after a campaign of hard marching and fighting, now lav at 
Westliel 1, fifteen miles the other side of the Connecticut. Informed by a friendly Indian 
of the contemplated attack, he started at night, but being delayed for want of boats in 
crossing the river, he. was not in season to prevent it. Many houses had been burned, 
much property destroyed, and several lives lost, for the inhabitants were in no condition 
to successfully resist, but the arrival of the troops turned the tables. The enemy were 
routed, and Springfield saved from destruction. 

This defeat paralyzed the Indians for awhile, and Major Treat returned home At the 
next General Court in October, he appeared before them and laid down his commission. 
It is not possible to ascertain his reasons for this, but it is most likely that having been 
appointed only by the governor and council, he was unwilling to serve without the assent 
of the whole court in whom the charter had vested the government of the militia. They, 
however, would not accept the resignation, but voted that ''bailing considered the same 
doe thankfully accept of the good sendee the Major hath done, and have taken so good 
satisfaction in the Major's good conduct that they doe. desire and order Major Robert 
Treat to continue his regiment oner the forces of this Colony raysed for the prosecution 
of the. enemic and do order the continuance of his commission granted as before by the 
Counoill."- One would look for a vote of thanks from Massachusetts, as the greatest ben- 
efits of the Major's '-good service" resulted lo them, but it was never given. 

At the same session. Oct. 1 1, he was ordered to Norwich, but intelligence arriving that 
the danger was over, he was sent instead to the north again. 3 On the 19th, isOO Indians 
attacked Dudley, but Major Treat, by a hurried march, arrived just in time lo turn their 
victory into defeat, and so fearful a chastisement did he inflict upon them that from that. 
lime they were unable lo cany on the war in the neighborhood, except in small parties, 
and in a desultory manner, against which the settlers were able to defend themselves.' 1 

Major Treat's attention was now directed to another Held of couflict by the General 
Assembly. The Narr.iguii.scUs in Rhode Island had. engaged in acts of amil\ and friend- 
ship toward Philip and his scattered warriors, and of hostility towards the English, in 
violation of their solemn engagements with the colonies, lu ordoi to strike an effective 
blow at the whole Indian combination, a winter campaign was ordered by the commission- 
ers of the United Colonies. A luge army was raised by the three colonies, which rendez- 
voused at l'ettyquamscott in Rhode Island, and started on the morning of the Sabbath, 
Dec. 19, a.s soon as it was light, Major Treat, with his 450 men from Connecticut, 1 3o 

1 C. C. )!., 2 : 357. ' lb., 2GG. 3 lb., 2C-1-5. 4 Ti mnbull, 1 : 352. 


more than her quota, forming the rear guard of the expedition. At one o'clock tliej reached 
the Indian (oil, where were congregated nearly all the Indian forces in that part of the 
country, the destruction of which was the object of this march, anil a principal object of 
the whole campaign. It was a palisaded enclosure in the midst of a swamp, accessible 
only by a long log raised five or six' feet from the ground, and without artillery. Noway 
was left to gain it but by a charge across that log, an 1 the troops from MassachllS: lis, in 
the vanguard, no sooner had arrived, than they threw themselves upon the fort with great 
spirit. They crossed the log bridge exposed to a murderous the from within, entered the 
fort, and had almost gained it. but were finally driven back, so fierce was the. lire of the 
Indians from every side. At this juncture the Major arrived with tin; Connecticut forces, 
and sending a handful of his bravest men to discover some otliet approach, and make an 
entrance if possible elsewhere, in his turn attempted the perilous charge. There was a 
block house just inside the entrance to the palisades, which the, Massachusetts troops had 
been unable to pass, but the Major's men succeeded in passing it, though with great loss, 
and the few who had been sent around having found an entrance by Almost impenetrable 
paths now joining them, they were enabled to attack the Indian defenders in the rear. 
This added to another vigorous charge from the Massachusetts and Plymouth troops, com- 
pletely routed the enemy, and the battle ended in their almost entire annihilation. But 
Connecticut had suffered severely, losing nearly half of all that were killed or wounded in 
the whole encounter. Four of their live captains were slain, and a large number of their 
best men. The major was unhurt, but a bullet hole through his hat attested his presence. 
He is said by the General Assembly to have had '-iiu less than seventeen fair shots at the 
enemy," and to have been thereby as often a fair mark for them. He was the last to leave, 
the burning fort in the darkness of the winter's evening, and it was to the bravery of his 
troops, and his forethought in sending a few men to enter elsewhere that the capture of 
the fort was dm-. 

The large losses of his troops and a due regard to "the lives and limbes" of his remain- 
ing soldiers induced him to lead them home in order to recruit, and to place the wounded 
in more favorable circumstances. Leaving the Massachusetts am! Plymouth troops to 
finish the war, he returned to New London, capturing on his way a number of the enemy, 1 
and remained there with his troops for some weeks, with the exception of a visit to Hart- 
ford early in January to consult with the governor and council,'-- and of a visit to Milford, 
at the same time From New London, after his return, he writes to the General Court, 
then in session, and as this is the first letter of his that is now in existence, so far as I 
know, 1 have ventured to copy the principal part of it under date of "N. London 23d in- 
stant, at night L675." 3 

lie says "Hono nl Gentlemen : Through much trouble & difficulty, I am so far got ready 
as that I intend, God willing, to begin my march tomorrow. Tin 1 trouble and dillicultys 
w" 1 such comanders, to prepare for my service is almost too hard and heavie for me: and 
if you had appointed me a victualler of your army, I hope I might have done something 
at if. Our part of y a westcrne forces are arrived the last night, and y c vessel] prepared to 
saile, and I heare w ;h about 500'0 of bread A 20 barrels of beefc and porke, a hogshead 
of rum, but no wine, and some small necessaries . . . We are fully purposed if weather 
prevent not to be setting forth this day from N. London. ... 1 am for want of dark, 
commissary & others so little forwarding me, as that I cannot enlarge, but beg yo 1 prayers 
to y° Cod of wisdom, courage & strength, to lie w" 1 me all that turn the battle to y gate 

1 Trumbull, 1 : 3:.:;. 7 C. C. K., 2: 39t. 3 lb., -101. 


when the Lord shall call thereto. W cl ' is the prayer, ami that y Lord would also giue a 
spirit of councell to them y' sit in Counccll, — from your servant, 

Robert Treat e." 

The army started on the morrow and spent two weeks in effectual pursuit of the enemy, 
returned to New London and from lime to time rendered effectual service in pursuit of the 
Indians, Until in April the greater portion was disbanded, and the remainder under com- 
mand of Major Talcott aided in finishing the war. 1 Aug. 12, King Philip was slain, and 
the peril successfully overcome, though with the loss to the colonics of nearly one-tenth 
of the fighting men. and as large a proportion of the buildings. 3 An instance of the clem- 
ency and magnanimity of Robert Treat is placed on record during this war, and must not 
be omitted from this sketch. "Daniel Clarice, jun r- ," say the records, "being convicted 
before the Council! for notorious reproachful, contemptuous speeches, and threatening of 
Major Treat, is adjudged by the Conncill to pay a fine of twenty pownd and to be com- 
mitted to prison there to continue durcing the Councill's pleasure, and was accordingly 
committed. Daniel Clarke having eonfessedjiis fault, and hauing manifested some signes 
of and the Hono ld Major Treat hauing very earnestly sollisiled the Conncill 
that they would noon his request release him from imprisonment, it was accordingly 
granted," 3 and subsequently the. fine was remitted at the intercession of Mr. Treat, then 
Deputy Governor. 4 

The Major's services were now needed at, home and upon his return he was elected Dep- 
uty Governor, William Ler.te, the Deputy Governor, having been advanced to the chair 
of Governor left vacant by the deatli of Governor ~Winthrop. s This post he held for the 
succeeding seven years, serving at i he same time in various other capacities, now as judge, 
or committee, especially in regard to Indian affairs, 6 now at the request of Northampton 
to mediate with the Indians for the return of captives and a treaty of peace, 7 now as the 
war committee of safety, and twice being sent as commissioner for the United Colonies, ? 
and twice chosen as substitute for those elected. 

In April, 1688, Gov. William Leete died, and at the succeeding election Robert Treat 
was elected his successor. T\il troubles inaugurated by Andros were now rapidly ap- 
proaching a climax. Commissioned by the Duke of York, afterward .lames 11, as Gov- 
ernor of all his territory in New England, he claimed jurisdiction over not only New York 
and part of New Jersey, but more than half of Connecticut. Once already lie had sent 
an armed force to Saybrook and attempted unsuccessfully to establish his authority, 10 and 
the colonists had appealed to his Majesty and their Charter rights, 11 while he still con- 
tinued to niolesl them, particularly in the matter of Fisher's Island. 1 - In England mean- 
time many bitter enemies of the colonies were seeking their ruin, while even the king, 
Charles If, was not at all favorablj inclined to their mode of self government, and was 
particularly incensed by their opposition to the acts of trade and navigation, 13 ami the ac- 
cession of James was even more to be dreaded than the continued reign of his brother. 

1 am not aware that Deputy Governor Treat bore any pail in the difficulty about boun- 
dary lines with Andros, and it was not till after his election as Governor that he took the 
chief control in the matter. Upon entering the governor's chair, he found the colony in 
a boundary line dispute about Rhode Island, which he quickly settled, 14 and then turned 
to New York-. Here Governor Andros had been succeeded by Thomas Dongan, and was 

1 C. C. R., 2 : 434. ! Trumbull, 1 : 3C7-3G9. 3 C. C. 11., 2 : 411',. * lb., 483. 5 lb., 273. ''lb., 3 : 

15, 52, 76, 103, 311. ' Tr bull, 1 : 37:'. a (I. C. R., 3: 70, 96. 9 Trumbull, 1 : 34J, 342. 10 11,., 

343-314. " lb., 34 0-3 47. '» C\ C. K., 3: 283. 1S Trumbull, 1 : 373. " lb., 330. 



plotting mischief in England. Upon Governor Dongan's arrival in October, 1G83, the 
governor and council wrote to liim, congratulating him upon his arrival and alluding to 
the disputed claims in regard to that portion of Connecticut river, and receiving an an- 
swer, rather lordly but on the whole amicable. 1 

To this the governor replied, declaring their freedom from intention to molest the duke 
in any of his rightful claims, referring to the doings of some former commissioners in set- 
tling the bounds upon Mamaconiek river, and declaring their intention to "inayntaine a 
good correspondency between his Royal Highness his Government, and this."'-' To this 
Governor Dongan replied, claiming at least all the lands within twenty miles of Hudson's 
liver, if not all west of the Connecticut, and desiring the appointment of commissioners 
on their part for the final settlement- of tiie linc. :i Governor Treat now called a special 
session of the General Assembly, laid the matter before them, informed them of Governor 
Dongan's claims and advised the appointment of commissioners as suggested. 

The governor and. several others were accordingly appointed by the court to go to Gov- 
ernor Dongan and "manifest to him this Court's grateful resentment of his Honors pro- 
fession of his desire to bo in amity with us, and to assure him of our good wishes" in 
regard to bounds. A most judicious series of instructions were prepared, probably by 
Governor Treat himself, advising the utmost caution and care to lose as little as pos- 
sible of their territory. 4 They, with commissioners on the part of New York, fully 
settled the disputed bounds'' with the loss to the colony of the town of Rye, to whom Gov- 
ernor Treat wrote in December, stating the necessity which had compelled them reluctantly 
to yield the separation, and urging them ''to be satisfied and content with this change and 
carry itsuitablj to the Government under -which you are now stated and apply yourselves 
to the Honorable Governo 1 who is a noble Gent" and will do what you sliall desire in a 
regular manner to promote your 'welfare." 

The governor was requested by the same court that appointed the commissioners, to draw 
up and send a petition to the king. The colonies had been accused by evil designing per- 
sons of harboring criminals and fugitives from justice in England, and the discovery of 
the guupowdei plot, and several others at this time was also used to throw odium upon 

The governor accordingly represented to the king their horror at the nefarious pints 
■which had been discovered, their thankfulness for the escape of himself and the Duke of 
York, their prayers for his future welfare and safety, and their design to use all their power 
tor the discovery of all who stirred up tumult or rebellion. At the same time he took the 
opportunity to recite the reasons which had induced them t., leave home and friends, and 
the favors -which had been bestowed upon them, ami to pray for the continuance of this 
grace and favor, and the full enjoyment of the privileges they possessed. 7 

This Same year the Duke of Hamilton made claim to a large part of the colony, and 
was only prevented from gaining it by a long and hard contest, both at home and in Eng- 
land.* But as Governor Treat bore no very active part in these transactions, I barely 
allude to them, and pass on to the more stirring limes of the administration of Andros. 

Hardly had (he colonies recovered from the difficulties just related and either brought 
them to a successful issue or to some prospect of a settlement, and hardly had they strug- 
gled through a disastrous year of floods and famine, sickness and death, — many of their 
besfmen, particularly among the clergy, having been taken away, — when Charles II died, 

1 C. C. It., 3: 32fi-7. * lh., 828, : J .2a. - 1 lb., 330, A lb., 4 : 133-0. 5 Trumbull, 1 : 384. e C. C. R., 
3, 133-6. : lb., 13G-8. " Trumbull, ! . S79-3S2. 


ucBEin tkeat: second gexeuatiox. 

and his brother ascended the throne. Immediately upon receiving the news of his acces- 
sion, the governor ordered the proclamations of his Royal Majesty, James the second, to 
be read, aud sent an address, announcing the order, condoling with him upon the death of 
his brother, congratulating him upon his accession, and beseeching his "excellent Ma'" 
to grant the beui r j;ne shine of your favour to this your poorc Colony of Connecticut," 1 
aud shortly after, by order of the general court, and in their name, he despatched another 
and longer address couched in much the same terms, and taking grateful notice of his 
Majesty's declaration in council of his intent to regard justice, clemency and liberty in his 
realm. - 

Before these documents had reached him, James had sent to his "trusty and well he- 
loved" Governor Treat a letter relating to some of his proceedings against the Karl of 
Argyle and the Puke of Monmouth, written in an exceedingly friendly and amicable spir- 
it. 3 ' 

But the answer to the two petitions came in the shape of a letter to the governor from 
Edwin Randolph, informing him that his Majesty '"intends to bring all New England un- 
der one Gouerumen', and nothing is now remaineing on yo' part but to think of an hum- 
ble .submission and dutiful resignation of your charter, w' 1 ' if you are so bardic as to offer 
tc defend at law. wbilste you are contending for a shaddow, you will in the first place lose 
all that pail of your Colonic from Couecticot to X. Yorke, aim have it annexed to that gou 
ernm', . . . and nothing will prevent hut yo 1 obuiating so general! a calamitie to ail 
New England by an hartic and timely application to his Ma"' with an humble submission, 
wi ,!l an annexed petition." 4 At the same time he informed him that in order to carry out 
these threats, two writs of Quo wan\mto had been placed in his hands. 3 These were in 
effect suits against the colony "for a breach of duties upon the performance of which their 
'Charter depended, inquiring he what authority they still continued to exercise the privi- 
leges which by that breach of duty they had forfeited, and commanding them to appear 
in England upon a certain day ami show cause why their Charter should not be forfeited." 
These' Randolph declared his intention to serve unless the colony should immediately sub- 

The thing thai they feared had now come upon them, ami the only apparent course was 
to delay and procrastinate, retaining their charter as long as possible, assured that every 
day gained before its surrender was one day more of liberty and one day less of tyranny. 
With this object in view, Governor Treat despatched an evasive answer to Randolph, and 
immediately called a special s"ssion of Hie general court. At their request he drew up a 
petition to the Icing, informing him that they hail heard of tin threatened writs, but that 
they had not yet been served, and that the return day, on which they were to appear and 
defend themselves having passed before Randolph had reached Boston, they were conse- 
quently void and of no effect, lie requested their recall, and suggested that they had 
been obtained through misrepresentation, declaring the loyalty of the colony to his Majesty 
to be unimpeached. 6 The suspense and anxiety of the colony were now intense. We are 
"waiting \vi 11 ' sylence and patience," said the Governor, "what may be next," 7 and while 
they feared th< possible division of Connecticut between New York and New England, 
aud its consequent obliteration as a colony, yet the character of Andros, aud his doings 
in Massachusetts, made the prospect of coming under his power equally to be dreaded. 
The governor himself did not consider it an\ greater calamity, if Connecticut must fall, 
that part should be westward. "It may lie as easie for us," he said, "to fall that way as 

1 C. C. K., S: 341. * lb., i7i)-S0. 3 lb., 815-G. ' lb., 332-4. s J&. , 353. ! lb., 210. 7 lb., 33-I. 



eastward. "' As has been .said, the return day of the writs had already passed, ami more 
than that, (hoy had not been legally served. This the governor insisted on in a letter to 
Randolph. 3 "lint," answered Randolph, "yon have acknowledged the receiptor my letter 
informing you of them, and that is suflicicnt acknowledgment of service to justify me at 
Whitehall.' 1 This "way of proceeding," replied Governor Treat, "we understand not, 
seing it is his Majesties proclamation to continue as we were until his Royal pleasure be 
manifested to us, and there we stand." 4 At the session of the general court in July, the 
polony took further steps for their safety, appointing an agent, William Whiting, to repre- 
sent them in England, sending a second address to the king, and appointing the governor 
and council a committee of safety. 

To Governor Dongan of New York, Governor Treat wrote in August, desiring him in 
view of the troubles of. the colony, to give advice "what may be the best way to manage 
our affaires so as to obtain his Majesties favor and the continuance of o r privileges. " 5 
Governor Dongan, an accomplished courtier, was amply able to give them good advice, 
and had he been so disposed, might have used his influence in their behalf. But he saw 
the great advantage the acquisition of half of the colony would be to his own government, 
and sensible that unless they gave up their charter, he could not gain this, he wrote ad- 
vising unconditional submission and promising that should they then desire to be annexed 
to New York, he would give them all his influence for favorable considerations. Disap- 
pointed in Governor Dongan, Governor Treat now devoted his attention to the necessary 
instructions for the agent of the colony, and in an able and am 11 written document, which 
still exists on file at Hartford, in Robert Treat's own handwriting, he gives minute and. 
clear instructions for every emergency, especially enjoining him to procure the best of le- 
gal advice in every step he took,' 5 and he adds to it a petition to be presented to the king, 
in case of the overthrow of the charter, praying for the continuance of christian liberties, - 
free, from any impositions upon, conscience, the confirmation of the tenure of their estates, 
and free commerce with other colonies. 8 But before their agent reached England, a third 
writ had been issued against the colonies, and upon receiving it, Randolph informed the 
governor, adding - a door is open yet for you. . . . You have no way to make your- 
selves happy but by an early application to his Excellence," Edmund Audio;/' ••] am 
authorized," says Aiidros, in a letter written to Governor Treat at the same time '■• to re- 
ceive the surrender of your Charter and to take you into my present care and charge." 10 
To these the governor replied, that they relied still upon their charter which they had not 
forfeited by any crimes or misdemeanors, that they were the loyal subjects of the king to 
whom they had, applied for help, but from whom as yet they had received no answer, nei- 
ther had they had any opportunity of defending themselves against the writs." Mis 
Majesty, said Andl'OS, lias given me his command for you as above, which certainly is a 
perfect answer to the several applications mentioned in your letter. I give you another 
opportunity of suitable and dutiful resolves. J do hope better of you. and the whole col- 
ony by your good example and loyal acting in your station ere it be too late. 12 We cannot 
vary, replied the governor, from what we informed your Excellency in our former letter, and 
request a good neighborhood between your Excellency and the colony till his Majesty's 
further pleasure be made known to us. 13 Audros in reply declared that judgment had by 
this time been entered on the writ against the colony, and that he soon expected his 
Majesty's commands in regard to them, but he would still urge a free compliance with 

1 C. C. R., 3: 354. - //.., 210. '' lb., 355. " /'< , 355-fi. s lb., 3G5. n /'»., 360-7. ' lb , 3C8-70. 
'ik., 37-1-5. » ;//, 375. '"lb., 375-C. "76,377-8. " Ib.l 37U-S2. l:l lb., Ml. 

144 ROBERT treat: second generatiox. 

his wishes. 1 "We cmmot make a surrender of o r Charter at present," answered the gov- 
ernor; "we arc resolved thorow the help of allmighty God to prove o'sclves his ina" ts 
loyal! and dutiful! subjects." 1 * 

All things now tended to the consolidation of (In 1 New England colonies under Andros, 
and Dongan seeing this, and tliat nil his exertions had been fruitless, yet wished to make 
one more effort to gain the coveted territory. \\"n\i this object in view, lie wrote to the 
general court, charging the governor and clerk witli fraud in their dealings with Andros, 
that for one in Connecticut that desired consolidation, a bundled favored annexation to 
New York, and that "Gov. Treat a«d V.v: Allen had writt [to England] desiring ye Col- 
ony of Connecticut might be added to Boston under Sir Edmund Andros." Allen, the 
clerk, he thought to be a designing rascal, but as for "yo r Gov l 'u r ," said be, "he is an easy 
good natured gentleman and I believe has bin imposed upon." The court, however, paid 
no attention to this attempt to set them at variance with their governor. 3 

In October, 10^7, Edmund Andros wrote to the governor that be had received orders 
for the annexation of Connecticut to-his government with '■particular regard and favor" 
to Mr. Treat, and thai he should be at Hartford shortly to attend to his duties. On the 
31st, lie. came and took into his hands the government, and demanded the charter.' Bulk- 
ley, in his "Will and Doom," relates the oftieiousness of Governor Treat in welcoming him 
to Hartford and waiting upon him, but if anything of the kind was true, it was doubtless 
all for the purpose of gaining time. The story of the day's proceedings, and of the pre ser- 
vation of the charter, i- well known, and though resting entirely upon tradition, is deserv- 
ing of confidence. 

The plan was evidently a premeditated one and, as his past record shows, Governor 
Trent was not unaware of it. The story relates that, upon taking his seat in the Govern- 
or's chair, Androb demanded the charter. After various delays and objections, as 
the afternoon began to m ear away, the assembly at lest was compelled to produce it, and the 
clerk bringing it in, laid it upon the table. Robert Treat then arose and rehearsed to the 
unwilling ears of Andros, the time and toil, the expense of treasure and life, that it had 
taken to build up the colony, the hardships and dangers of their Indian wars, and their 
conflicts with neighbor colonics ; how it was because their privileges were guaranteed by 
the charter that they had thus spent and been spent for them; how he himself had fought 
and suffered to maintain those right-', and how to him and all, the charter seemed dearer 
than life itself, beseeching him not to deprive their, of this guarantee of liberty. The af- 
ternoon wore away ; the evening came, butstill the governor continued, and Andros, how- 
ever anxious, could not stop the dignified old gentleman to whom he had been especially 
charged to show "particular regard and favor." Then the lights w< re lit as it grew dark, 
when by a sudden rush from without the lights were extinguished, and the charter quietly 
taken to its resting pine, in the famous oak. And the object of the governor's harangue 
was accomplished, probably in the way he expected it would be. The chart) r was saved. 5 
The colony was a quid sufferer under Andros. and Robert Treat had little touo. Jie was 
a colonel of the troops of N#.W Haven county, 6 and was also on the council of liliv that 
Andros associated \\ itii himself for the government of the colonies,' but it was as '-a father 
to fin people, who felt for them, in their distressed circumstances," 8 and to ameliorate 
the hardships of the nefarious schemes which Andros carried on, that, he look the post. 
As soon as the news oi the Revolution of 1CSS, which deposed King .lames, eotdd reach 

' ('■ C 1!.,:!: 3S1 ; /'<., 3S3. : < ;/,., 380-7. 'Trumbull, 1:390. "76,301. 6 C. C. 1:.. 
3: 300-2. ; Trumbull, 1 : 391. » 76., 39+, 


the colonics, Aodros was suddenly deposed. In Connecticut, with no disturbance, the 
charter government was resinned, and the old officers rechosen, — Robert Treal again talc- 
ing tin' office of governor, to which the people annually reelected him for ten years, and 
administering it with the same prudence as before. lie immediately caused William and 
Mary to be proclaimed their rightful sovereign, 1 and also scut a petition to them in the 
name of the Governor and General Court, reciting their oppressions, the tenor of their 
charter, their uniform adherence to it, and loyally to the king, the writs and their illegal- 
ity in the time for appearance, and want of service, the fact that judgment had never been 
entered against them in the English courts, and that they had never surrendered it, and pray- 
ing for the decision thereto. 2 So ably did lie .-dale the case, that he obtained a decision 
in favor of the validity of (heir charter from various eminent persons, and finally by help 
of VVinthrop, from, the king himself, 3 so that the wisdom of the Governor's delay, and 
evasive replies to the repeated demands for the charter became apparent. Had he been 
bolder in resisting, probably more active measures would have given to the proceedings, 
at least a semblance of legality, and judgment would have been actually entered against 
the colony ; had he surrendered the charier in holies of gaining easier and better treatment 
and better terms, not only would he have failed to secure them from Andros, but King 
William would nevei have granted another charter equally libera]. 

Indian wars now troubled I he colony, Imt younger men than Governor Treat took the 
active part, and he onlj' appears in one more important scene. In 1692, Benjamin Fletcher 
arrived at New York with a commission from the king as commander-in-chief of all the 
militia in Mew England and New York. As by then: charter this power was expressly 
vested in the General Assembly of Connecticut, in regard to their own forces, they deter- 
mined to make an earnest appeal to the king to sustain them and remove Fletcher. To 
this end they chose Fita John Winl hrop, son of Governor Winthrop, and a personal friend 
of Governor Treat, as their agent to England. In the meanwhile Fletcher finding storm- 
ing and threatening of no avail with the governor, next died to bribe him with the offer 
of a commission as second only to himself, but failing here he (vied force. lie came to 
Connecticut, and attempted to take command of the militia, lmt could not even obtain 
silence enough to read his commission. Winthrop, in accordance with the Governor's in- 
structions, having observed what was most grateful and pleasant at court and cast his 
application with prudence, gained the favorable decision before spoken of, 4 and returned 
home to announce lo the people of Connecticut that their warfare was ended and hence- 
forth their charter was to be regarded. 

The great services which Winthrop had rendered the colony justly entitled him to a 
high reward, and. at the next election the people chose him as governor. 5 To show that 
this was no slight to .Mr. Treat, the)- gave him lh«.' post of Deputy Governor, where still 
his prudence and ability would avail (he state uud where, the duties of office would lie 
lighter. At the age of seventy-six when most, would consider themselves excused from 
public service, he took the second time this post, and held it for ten years more, when at 
the age of eighty-six, he declined reelection, and retired from public life. "Few men," 
says Trumbull, "have sustained a fairer character, or rendered the public more important 
services. He was an excellent military officer; a man of singular courage and resolution, 
tempered with caution and prudence. His administration of government was with wis- 
dom, firmness and integrity. He was esteemed courageous, wise and pious. He was ex- 
ceedingly beloved and venerated by the people in general, and especially by his neighbors 

1 Trumbull, 1 : 307. a lb., 572-574. 3 lb., 407. • lb., 415-417. 5 lb., 420. 

14G Robert treat: second generation. 

of Milford where lie resided,"' and this encomium is fully justified by the account of him 
just given. 

Thus ended his public life. A deputy from Milford for at least six years; from New- 
ark to the Assembly of New Jersey live more; a magistrate in the New Haven General 
Court, and assistant in that of Connecticut for eight years. He added to these twenty 
years in the halls of legislation, seventeen years in the chair of deputy governor and 
thirteen in that of governor, not including the two years under Audios. 

His incumbency in the two offices for over thirty years has not been •■quailed by any 
olher in the history of this Male, nor any other, so far as 1 am aware, where the office v\ us 

His public life at an end. he remained at Milford till his death. He had seen his chil- 
dren grow up around him and rise io positions of honor in this and neighboring colonics. 
.One of his sons, Samuel, was the honored minister of Eastluun, Mass.; another, John, 
was one of the first settlers and a leading citizen of Newark, N. J., where a daughter Ma- 
ry, and a eister, wives of distinguished citizens and settlers of that place resided. Two 
of his sons, Robert and Joseph, remained at Milford, honored by their fellow citizens, 
and fathers of promising families, whose descendants are well known to-day in this city 
of New Haven and surrounding towns. Two of his daughters married ministers, the one, 
Hannah, Rev. Samuel Mather of Windsor, the other, Abigail, Rev. Samuel Andrew, the 
minister of Milford for the last twenty-five years of ihe governor's life This one was 
the mother of one of Governor Lav, V wives. Robert Treat Paine, signer of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, was the grandson of Governor Treat's son Samuel. 

Goodwin gives him two children, Jan" and Anna, not upon the Milford records, who 
are not mentioned in the will and probably, if they ever existed, died young. His Srsi 
wife died in 1703. He subsequently married Mrs. Elizabeth Bryan, the widow of Richard 
Bryan of Milford. 

He was for those rimes a wealthy man. Some of the various grants of land, from time 
to time given him by the town of Milford and the colony, have been noticed. Others he 
purchased, and thus became an extensive landholder. To his son Samuel he gave three 
hundred acres at oner, and as staled in his will he had given to another of his children 
such as lie found himself well able to part with. When in Newark, his estate was valued 
at £GG0, 2 and was the largest belonging to those colonists. His inventory from probate 
records amounts to about £620, of which £220 are real estate. Tins at the rate of two 
shillings the acre would give over 2000 acres, and some sales of land were made at that 
time at the acre,- the shilling. II" seems to have been liberal with his wealth, and to 
have used all his powers for the benefit of his fellow citizens. Says Holiister of him: 
"His quick sensibilities, his playful humor, his political wisdom, his firmness in the midst 
of dangers, and his deep piety have still a traditionary fame in the neighborhood." 3 

On the 12th day of July, 1710. this great and good man died. His remains were laid 
to rest iu the cemetery of Milford, when' his tomb still stands. 

1 Trumbull, I : iS5, 15C, c. 18, note. * Stearns' Newark, 29. 'Hist.. 1 : 371. 




At the lirst meeting of the settlers of Milford, held Nov. 20, 1639, it was voted lhat'*Th< 
power is .Settled in the Church to Chuse persons out of themselves To Divide the hinds into 
Lotts, as they shall have Light from the word of God, and to take order for the timber." 
(Milford Records. ) Mr. Treat doc, not appear to have belonged So the church at this 
time., though he may have been a member, being only about fifteen or sixteen years old ; 
but, be that as it may., according to these, same records, he was chosen one of the nine who 
were to lay out the lands, perhaps because he was better qualified than anyone else 
for such undertakings, so that his services were indispensable. At the baptism of his sou 
Samuel, Sept. 3, 1048, he is said to belong to the church at Wetiiersfield. He and his 
wife Jane were admitted to the church in Milford, April 19, 1649. Upon leaving Milford 
for Newark, he was admitted to the church there, and again dismissed to the church in 
Milford April 5, 1C75. 

Aug. 22, 1GG0, Rev. Robert Newton was ordained over (lie First church at Milford "with 
prayer and laying on of hands of Zuch. Whitman elder, John Fletcher deacon, and Rob- 
ert Treat, magistrate, though not as magistrate and deacon, but as appointed by the church 
to join with ruling eider in laying on of hands in name of the church. 1 ' (First Church 

Among the Puritans of New England marriage was regarded rather as a civil than an 
ecclesiastical ordinance, perhaps because in the church of England, from which they had 
separated, the clergy alone solemnized marriages. Therefore the rite of marriage was 
often performed by the magistrate. Robert Treat as "Magisti ate," married seven couples ; 
as "Majonr," two couples ; as "Deputy Governor," seven couples; the first in 1662. the 
last in 1706. Doubtless he performed many other marriages which are not on record. 


March 11. 1660-1 , the General Com I of Connecticut made a formal avowal of allegiance 
to the crown, and applied to Charles II for a charier. (C. C. R., 1 : 361, 2.) On the 
seventh of June the report of the committee, to whom the matter had been intrusted, was 
accepted, and Governor Wintbrop was sent to England as the colony's agent, and sailed 
in August. (/&., 1: 368.) April 23, 1GG2, a chatter of a very libera! character was 
granted. The colonists had. power to govern themselves, and were independent in all but 
name. (JO., 2: 8-11.) Richard Treat, father of Robert Treat, as wcli as two brothers- 
in-law, were patentees. The territory embraced in the charter included the New Haven 
colony. Upon the reception of the charier, a commission was sent to New Haven to treat 
with that government, (lb., 1 : 3SS.) Nov. 4, 1GG2, the freemen of New Haven were 
convened to consult about the matter. (N. II. C. R., 2 : 4-67-8.) They had been robbed 
of their independence and colonial existence without their knowledge or consent. In the 
new charter their colony was not so much as named, nor did any of the patentees belong 
to New Haven. They naturally felt very indignant over what they regarded as an insult, 
as well as the loss of their libei ties. Nothing was effected at this meeting. 

March 1 1 , 1662-3, a new commission was appointed by Connecticut to confer \s ith New 
Haven about the advantages of a union. (('. C. R., 1 : 396.) Meanwhile the latter 


colony had sent an agent to England to defend their cause. On I lie 1 9 Lli of August, the 
general court, of Connecticut again appointed a committee to confer with New Haven, but 
Iter conduct had been so arbitrary that nothing could l>e done with the latter. (C. C. R., 1 : 
407.) Jan. 7, 1663—4, the general court of New Haven drew up a remonstrance against 
the conduct of Connecticut, which, however, seems to have had no influence upon the pol- 
icy of that colony. 

In May, ICtU, the freemen of New Haven met. as usual and held their election. Leetc 
was chosen Governor, and Mr. Treat one of the assistants or magistrates, but he declined 
the office .'is he probably foresaw that the downfall of the colony was at hand. (N. II. 
C. It., 2 : 542.) The New England congress met at Hartford Sept. J, 1064, and though 
not approving of the course of Connecticut., urged a speedy and friendly union of the two 
colonies, which was effected Dec. 13, 1664. {lb., 2 : 551-559.) The New Haven colony 
was too weak, and becoming weaker every day, to continue the. struggle longer, while the 
existence of both was threatened by the patent granted to the Duke of York, March 12, 

The union proved a beneficial move for both parties. Mr. Treat exerted himself stren- 
uously, and effectually at last, to bring about this result. The fact that his father and 
other relatives were patentees may have influenced his conduct to some extent. His course 
must have made him enemies, for when nominated as assistant from Mil ford in 1666, at 
the next election after the union lie was not chosen, though it is more than probable that 
lie declined to lie a candidate, as he was about to remove to New Jersey, and therefore 
could not have served had he been elected. 


The union of the Connecticut and New Haven colonics was very offensive, to many of the 
latter, and was the principal cause of the founding of a new colony in New Jersey. Though 
some of the emigrants favored the union on general grounds, as did Robert Treat, ^et 
they were opposed to it for many reasons, especially as it was brought about without any 
knowledge and consent on their part, and they had fears, which proved to be utterly ground- 
less, that they might lose some of their civil and religious liberties. As early as 1661, 
attempts were made to induce discontented Puritans and other Englishmen to settle in the 
New Netherlands. The "Concessions" put forth by the proprietors, inviting new settlers, 
and giving a most glowing account of the wonderful fertility and resources of the country, 
besides guaranteeing the largest liberty of conscience in religious matters, caused atten- 
tion to be directed to a settlement in a new land. (X. .1. Archives, 1: 2S-43.) Nov. 8, 
1 G 6 1 , Benjamin Fenn, Mr. Robert Treat. Mr. Lawes, and Deacon Gun were sent as dele- 
gates to negotiate with the Dutch Governor Sttiyvesaut for a settlement at Achter Cull 
in New Jersey. They were hospitably entertained by the Governor at his house, and 
taken in his barge to examine Newark Bay, where they made extensive explorations. 
But circumstances prevented any settlement at this time, though a correspondence was 
kept up aslate as July 20, 1663. , (X. V. Col. Hist., 1.".: 210, 21s, 22!, 222, 200, 267, 
281, 282.) 

The union of the colonies in 1004 again directed attention to New Jersey. During this 
year, a few residents at the west, end of Long island, who had originally come from Con- 
necticut, effected a settlement in that colony. 

Very early in 166G, and periiaps still earlier, Robert Treat and others were appointed 
commissioners to select a site for a settlement on the Passaic river, and before the end of 
May of that year, thirty families from the towns of Guilford, Braiidford, Milford and 


New Haven, Conn., emigrated to New Jersey. It was supposed that Governor Carteret 
had cleared the land of all Indian claims, bat it seems, he was not authorized to do this, 
and consequently the emigrants were warned off by the Hackensaek Indians, and obliged 
to reload their' goods into their vessels, till an agreement could be made. 
Oct. tiO, 1666, the emigrants from Braudford adopted this agreement: 

"1st. That none shall be admitted freemen or free Burgesses within our Town, upon 
Passaic River, in the province of New Jersey, hut such planters as are members of sonic 
or other of the Congregational churches; nor shall any but such be chosen to Magistracy, 
or to carry on any part of Civil Judicature, or as Deputies or Assistants to have power 
to Vote in establishing Laws, and making or Repealing them, or to any Chief Military Trust 
orollice. Nor shall any But such church members have any Vote in such elections : Tho : 
all others admitted to Be planters have Rights to (her. proper Inheritances, and do and 
shall enjoy all other Civil Liberties and Privileges, According to Laws, Orders, Grants, 
which are, or hereafter shall Be Made for this Town. 

"2d. "We shall with Care and Diligence provide for the maintenance of the purity of 
Religion professed in the Congregational Churches." (Stearns' Newark, pp. 14-15.) 

These articles were signed by twenty-three heads of families, among whom was Jasper 
Crane. On June 24, I COT, the other inhabitants of Newark, to the number of forty, signed 
the same agreement. The nameof Robert Treat heads the list. Among the number were 
Obadiah Bruen, Matthew Campfield, and Azariab Crane. (76., p. 15.) July 11, 1GG7, 
a tract of land was purchased of the Indians, and the settlement commenced in earnest. 
The first town meeting, of which there is any record, was held May 21, 1666. The name 
of the settlement was at first called Milford, but was soon changed to Newark, in honor, 
as supposed, of its lirsf minister, who preached awhile in Newark, Knglaud. 

Mr. Treat was the first town clerk, or recorder, of Newark - , holding the office from 1C61) 
to 1072. At the first Provincial Assembly ever held in New Jersey, May 26, 1668, Capt. 
Robert Treat was one of the burgesses or deputies, and held that office till 1672. May 
1, 1071. he was presen* at a special court held at Elizabcthtowu, as one of the Governor's 

Upon the division of the lands, Mr. Treat had the choice of a home lot of eight acres, 
two more than allowed toothers. He selected the lot now bounded by Market, Mulberry, 
and Broad streets, where some of his descendants resided up to the commencement of the 
present century. On this home lot now stands the First Presbyterian church. His son 
John, (laughter Mary, who married Deacon Crane, and sister Sarah, who married Matthew 
Campfield, resided in Newark. 

The proceedings at the adjustment of the boundary between Newark and Elizabeth town, 
exhibits well the peace-loving character of Mr. Treat. In this controversy, Jasper Crane, 
Robert Treat, Matthew Campfield, Samuel Swainc and Thomas Johnson were appointed 
to represent Newark, and John Ogden and four others attended on the part of Elizabeth- 
town. The parties met on a little hill, afterward called Dividenf Hill, and subsecpiently 
Dividend Hill. Mr. Treat led in prayer "that there might be a good agreement between 
them." Then John Ogden prayed and gave thanks for their "loving agreement." It was 
agreed that the boundary should be on this hill. But long afterwards this boundary settled 
in "so loving and solemn a manner" was made a subject, of altercation. (Sec Coll. N. J. 
Hist. Soc. Vol. vi, and Supplement; Stearns' Hist. Disc, relating to the First Presb. 
Church in Newark.) 

In the documents relating to the settlement of Newark, Robert Treat and only a few 
others had the title ol "Mr." In 1672, lie returned to Milford, and in 1675, was dismissed 
from the church in Newark to the church in that town. 


"To the good judgment < >f these individuals," say Barber and Howe, in their Historical 
Collections of the state of New Jersey, p. 173, "who were Robert Treat, John Curtis, 
Jasper Crane, and John Treat, we are indebted for the plan of our town — our wide main 
streets (the only ones then laid out), and the beauty and extent of our public squares." 
The Rev. Mr. Stearns, in his Hist. Disc, p. 32, thus speaks of Mr. Treat: 
"Next comes Robert Treat — the flower and pride of the whole company — who came 
to the colony of New Haven when a young man, and was early advanced to posts of in- 
fluence and trust. To his wise energy Newark owes much of its early order and good 
management.", i;r RECORD. 

In 1654, the town of Milford chose Robert Treat lieutenant of the Train Band. May 
31, IGo-l, the general court confirmed the nomination and allowed him to be "the eliiefe 
military officer there for the present to order y e millitary affaires of that town." (X. II. 
C. R., 2: 99.) 

In 1661, lie was elected captain, and the choice was confirmed by the court, May 29th. 
{lb., 2: 410.) 

July 6, 1665. the court declared that Mi'. Treat was "established Captain of the Traiue 
Band at Milford." (C. C. R., 2: 21.) 

Aug. 7, 1C73, Captaiu Treat was commissioned as major. (/''., 2: 200.) 

Nov. 20, 1673. Major Treat was nominated and appointed (he second commander-in- 
chief of such forces as shall be raised in the colony and sent against New York, {lb., 
i: 218.) 

The. origin of King Philip's war was owing to the gradual encroachments of the English, 
the increasing areas of settled land, which caused a scarcity of game arid fish, and the ill 
treatment which the Indians frequently received at the hands of the whites. They plainly 
saw that, their only hope was in driving out and exterminating the invader. To bring 
about this slate of affairs, Philip sent agents far and wide among the neighboring tribes 
to invite then; to take united action against the English. In most eases he was success- 

Aug. 25, 167.'*), the council chose Major Treat commander-in-chief of the forces next to 
be sent against the Indians, and on the 30th he received his instructions. (/?'•, 2 : 356- 
7.) He was ordered to march first to Westfiekl, Mass., then to Northampton, and further 
if necessary. He was also to advise and consult with the "Bay Commanders." Sept. 1, 
at a meeting of the council, he was ordered to return with his troops to Hartford owing 
to reports of Indian outrages at home. {11'.-, 2: 359.) Next day the' council reconsid- 
ered their action, and Major Treat was ordered to proceed according to his original in- 
structions, {lb., 2 : 300.) 

Sept. 2, the Indians surprised the -people and garrison of Northfield, .Mass., while at 
work in the fields, killed some, burned many houses, and destroyed the crops. 

The next day Capt. Richard Beers, ignorant of the assault, set out from Hadley, thirty 
miles distant, with thirty-six mounted men and, an ox team to remove the garrison ana 
people from Northfield: to Hadley. That night he encamped within lour miles of the town. 
Next morning he started for the place, sliii ignorant of the situation. ^ 'hile on ins way, 
he was attacked by the Indians, and all but thirteen of his men were slain. 

Sept. i>, Majoi Treat marched from Hadley with 100 men for Northfield. On the morn- 
ing of the sixth, he came upon the battlefield with the dead .still unburied. Delaying only 
long enough to bury tie in, In- hurried on to the town, where he found the garrison safe. 


On Hie same evening he set out on his return for lladley with the people, receiving a slight 
wound in the thigh from struggling Indians. 

Sept. 9, Major Treat was present at a meeting of the council at Hartford, having returned 
from the front. (C. C. R., 2 : ."(It.) On the 1 llh of Sept. he was present at another meeting 
and ordered to march with dragoons for lladley or Northampton to consult with Major 
Pynchon and others in regard to prosecuting the war against the Indians and to take 
charge of all troops doing garrison duty. (lb., 2: 365.) 

Sept. 18, Captain Lathrop with eighty-five men, was employed in conveying stores from 
Deeifield to lladley. After proceeding about live miles they fell into an ambuscade of 
about 700 Indians, and seventy-six of his men wore slaughtered. The conflict look place 
at Muddy Brook, which afterwards received the name of BloocI\ Brook. Captain Mosely 
came upon the scene and afterwards Major Treat with one hundred soldiers, and seventy 
friendly Mohegan Indians, thereby turning a disastrous defeat into a victory. 

After the destruction of NorthBeld and Deeifield, Philip decided also to burn Spring- 
field. Oct. 1, a large number of Indians were rep'orted to be near lladley. Therefore 
the soldiers w< re withdrawn from the former place to the latter. That very night a friendly 
Indian reported that the Springfield Indians, who were supposed to be friendly, intended 
to destroy that town. The next day Major Pynchon and a force started for Springfield., 
but arrived to find the town already in flames and the enemy gone. Major Treat had ar- 
rived some hours earlier on the west side of the river, from AYestfield, but was unable to 
cross, there being no boats. Three men and one woman were killed, and thirty houses 
and twenty-five barns were burnt. 

Oct. 12, Captain Appleton of the Massachusetts troops complains of the long absence 
of Major Treat at Hartford. He speaks of him very highly as "a worthy Gentleman and 
discrete and incouraging Commander." The Connecticut troops were often called away 
from the Massachusetts towns to defend their own territory from threatened attacks. This 
must have caused much trouble and annoyance to the Massachusetts commanders, but 
their action was unavoidable-. 

On the 1 Ith of October, Major Treat appeared before the assembly and desired to throw 
up the commission which he had received on the 25th of August last. Perhaps his action 
was owing to the complaints made above. But they refused to grant his request, and de- 
clared that "they have taken so good satisfaction in the major's good conduct that the}' doe 
desire and order major Rob 1 Treat to continue his regiment over the forces of the Colony 
raysecl for the prosecution of the enemy and due order the continuance of his commission 
granted as before by the Conncill." (lb., 2 : 266.) He was also ordered to send imme- 
diately forty men under some suitable commander to the assistance of Norwich, then 
threatened by the Indians, (lb., 2: 205.) These orders were soon countermanded, and 
he was sent to the relief of Northampton. While there Philip with 800 warriors attacked 
lladley on the 19th of October. The garrison made a stubborn resistance till the arrival 
of Major Treat with his troops, who fell upon the savages with such vigor that they soon 
fled. The Indians were now so disheartened with their losses that many of them aban- 
doned Philip. 

The eastern townships of Connecticut were now so threatened by the enemy that they 
made strenuous efforts to protect themselves. Every county was ordered to raise and 
equip' sixty dragoons. A company of 120 dragoons was placed under Major Treat. Nov. 
19, he and the Connecticut troops were dismissed at Westfield and allowed to march 

A winter campaign was next decided upon as being the only season when a serious blow 
could be indicted upon the Indians. If left alone, when summer came, they could easily 



take care of themselves, and sally forth suddenly from their lurking places in the forests 
upon unprotected settlements, while it would be very difficult or impossible to discover 
and punish them. War was declared against, the Narraganselts on the second of Nov., 
1G7;'>. 1000 men were raised to attack them in their principal fort, situated in what is now 
the town of South Kingston, Rhode Island. Massachusetts furnished 527 soldiers under 
Maj. Samuel Appleton ; the Plymouth quota under Maj. Win. Bradford and (.'apt. John 
Gorhain numbered 168; Connecticut sen! 300 men besides 150 Mohegan and Pequot In- 
dians under Major Treat, in five companies, whose captains were Seeley, Gallop, Mason, 
"Walls and Marshall. The whole expedition was placed under Gov. Josiali Winslow of 
the Plymouth Colony. The fort to be attacked was built on a hill in the centre of a vast 
swamp, making an island of about five or six acres, surrounded by high palisades, strength- 
ened by fallen trees. The only entrance was by a large log about five feet from the ground 
which formed a bridge across the water surrounding the fort, am! this was guarded by a 
block house. The second of December was observed as a day of fasting and prayer for 
the success of the expedition. Dec. 10, Major Treat set out from New London with his 
force, and on the 17th arrived at Pettisquamscot. As the enemy had just burnt the 
buildings, he was obliged to pass the night in the open air. On the 18th all the forces 
unite. 1, camping in the open field, in the midst of a very severe snow storm. The next 
day, being Sunday, they stalled before daybreak for the fort, some fifteen miles distant, 
the Massachusetts troops leading the van, while the Connecticut forces drew up in the 
rear, It was about one o'clock at noon, when the fort was reached. The soldiers were 
hungry and weary with their march through the deep snow. Bui no time was to be lost, 
for should night overtake them as they were, they would be at the mercy of the foe. With- 
out, any delay the men began to cross the tree in single file exposed to a raking fire from 
the enemy. As fast as one fell another took his place. The loss was very severe here. 
What would have been ihe result can only be conjectured, had, not Captain Mosely at this 
critical moment forced an entrance over the hedge in the rear and opened a hot lire. The 
Indians taken by surprise now fled to theii wigwams, some GOO in number, but they were 
followed up by their assailants, who set fire to them, and they were consumed with their 
contents, including their stores, many old men and women, as well as the wounded. 
About 300 Indians were slab', and many wounded crawled, off into the swamp where they 
perished: with cold and wet. The prisoners numbered o. r K), besides an equal number of 
women and children were taken, making the total loss to the Indians not far from 1000. 
The colonists lost severely, having seven captains and 172 men killed and wounded. 
Connecticut lost three of her live captains, and a fourth, Captain Mason, was mortally 
wounded,, and seventy erne of her soldiers were killed or wounded. Major Treat had a 
bullet through, the rim of his hat, and is said to have been the last man to leave the fort 
being in command of the rear guard. There being no shelter now that the wigwams were 
burnt, the weary soldiers, who had already marched fifteen miles that morning, besides 
fighting for three horns, start M back about sunset, with the dead and wounded, for their 
headquarters, which they reached in a terrible condition. Major Treat now ordered his 
troops home to recruit. (See the Hist, and Gcncal. Keg.. Vol. XL, 74-90, for an account 
of this fight, and a view of the battle ground as it now appears.) 

Jan. 10, 1CJ75-6, the council issued a very strict order to prevent "profaneness," and 
to insure order among the soldiers, which was to be published to the army under Major 
Treat, (C. C. !:.. -2: 392-1.) 

Jan. 25, 1C75-C>, Major Treat, in connection with the Massachusetts troops, left Now 
Loudon on a second expedition to the woods, with 300 while men, and pursued the enemy 
into the iN'ipmuck country. He returned to New London on the fifth of February. 


March 25, 1676, Major Treat was dispatched by the council to Norwich, with 100 men. 
(C. C. It., 2: 422.) 

At the next election, May 11, 1676, Major Treat was chosen deputy governor, and 
Miij. John Taleott was appointed to command the Connecticut forces. {lb., 2 : 279.) 

Nov. 7, 1(187, Major Treat was commissioned as colonel of the militia of New Haven 
Co., by Governor Andros. (lb., 3 : 301.) 

Oct. 28, 1693, Col. Benj. Fletcher, captain-general and governor-in-chief of New 
York, tendered a commission to Col. Robert Treat as commander of all the militia in the 
colony of Connecticut, but the colony refused to acknowledge that Fletcher had anj juris- 
diction over them. {lb.,-1: 11G.) 


In 1683, a dispute arose between the colonies of Connecticut and New York in regard 
to the boundary line. It was claimed on the part of New York, that by some mistake 
the line between the two colonies had been run by the commissioners only ten instead of 
twenty miles east of the Hudson river, and that the towns of Rye, Greenwich Mid Stam- 
ford really belonged to its jurisdiction, and not to Connecticut. (lb., 3 : 330.) 
Nov. 5, 1083, Governor Dongan, of New York, wrote Governor Treat that unless the 
boundary line was changed to what was originally intended, he should lay claim to all 
territory west of the Connecticut liver, as far as the Duke's Patent allowed, (lb., 3 : 

The general court, Nov. 1-1, 1083, authorized Gov. Robert Treat, Maj. Nathan Gold, 
Capt. John A'lyn, Esq., and William Pitkin to proceed to New York to confer with Gov- 
ernor Dongan about the boundary, (lb., 3 : 134-5.) They were instructed not to "ex- 
ceed his demand of twenty miles eastward from Hudson's river, but get him to take as 
little as may be," etc. (lb.) 

The committee accordingly visited New York and had an interview with the Governor. 
The matter was settled by a compromise, and the agreement ratified Feb. 23, 1683-4. 
The line was drawn where it now is between Rye and Greenwich. They were obliged to 
cede Rye to the jurisdiction of New York', but wrote a very kind letter Nov. 28, to the 
selectmen of that town, informing them of the fact and giving them the reasons for their 
action, (lb., 3: 330-3.) Greenwich and Stamford remained in Connecticut. In 1097, 
the town of Rye revolted to Connecticut, but the matter was referred to the. King, and 
March 28, 1700, the agreement of 1083 was confirmed. The shape of the boundary is a 
very irregular one, as can be seen by reference to a map. It is said to be very doubtful 
whether the boundary between Connecticut and New York is really settled to this day. 


James 11 came to the throne Feb. 0, 1684-5. He determined to withdraw the charters 
previously granted to the colonies, and place them under a governor appointed by the 

Accordingly a writ of Quo Warranto, dated July 8, 1685, was issued, twenty-three years 
after the granting of the charter, requiring the governor and company of flic English col- 
ony in Connecticut to appear in England by Nov. 8, 16S5, and show by what warrant, or 
authority they claimed certain privileges in the colony. A second Quo Warranto, requir- 
ing the parties to appear by April 19, 1686, was receive! at the same time, on the 20th 
of July, lCsG, at about twelve or one o'clock in the morning. The time when these writs 
were returnable had long since expired, (lb., 3 : 350-8.) 


154 ROBERT treat: second generation. 

July 28, 1686, a special session of the court was held. Mr. Whiting was appointed 
an agent, to proceed to England and plead the cause of colony before the king. His in- 
structions are dated Aug. 24, and are in the handwriting of Governor Treat. He was in- 
structed to present the humble address of the colony, using great wisdom and prudence 
in order to produce a favorable effect. And since the two writs of Quo Warranto had not 
been delivered till after the lapse of more than a year from the time when they were, issued, 
he was to ascertain whcthi r the parties were obliged to appear till after new writs should 
be issued. A copy of the charter was to be exhibited if necessary. The instructions 
saj further : 

"In case nothing will doc. but notwithstanding our addresses and all pleas made in our 
behalf, our Charter should be condemned as I'm fed., you are to consider and advise wheth- 
er by petition or some oilier way, a suspension of entering judgement may not, by his 
Majestic':', favour, or favour of his Judges, be obtained, untill we may have notice thereof 
and opportunity given us either to speak for ourselves or make om further Address to his 

If he was unsuccessful in obtaining a suspension, ha was to ascertain whether Connec- 
ticut, was hkcly to be assigned to the Bay or Massachusetts colony, or to New York ; or 
whether it was to be divided between these two colonies, the river being the dividing line. 
He was to do the best he could that the colony might remain intact and under such gov- 
ernment as it should please his Majesty to appoint. (C. C. R., 3 : 21 1-3, 368-73.) 

A draft of an address to the King, in case of a judgment against the charter, is written 
on the same sheet with Mr. Whiting's instructions. (lb-, 3: 374-5.) 

Aug. 5, Governor Treat wrote to Governor Dongan of New York in regard to the writs 
of Quo Warranto, asking bis advice as to "the best way to manage our affaires, soc as to 
obtain hisMajeslies favoui and the continuance of c 1 privileges to us as formerly." (7 b., 
3: 3G5-G.) 

Aug. 13, Governor Dongan replied, advising ''a downright humble submission, the most 
effectual mean-, to secure w' is must advantageous, liberty, prosperity, and what is of all 
things the most tender and dearest, Religion." (lb., 3 : 36G-7.) 

He also advised that Connecticut be annexed to New York, believing, as did Andros, 
that this union was necessary to the welfare of Xew York. Massachusetts was at the 
same time very desirous Lhat Connecticut should be annexed to her. The fertile intervales 
of the Connecticut were the sources from which large supplies of grain were obtained. 

Dec. 20, Sir Edmund Andros arrived in Boston. On the 22d, he directed a letter to 
Governor Treat, informing Kim that he had been appointed Governor of New England, 
and that he was authorized to receive the "surrender of your charter (if tendered by you)." 
This letter was received by Governor Treat, Dec. 23, 1680, at eleven o'clock' at night, to- 
gether with a third Quo Warranto, dated Get. 23, 1GS6, and returnable by Feb. 0, 1G86-7. 
The expense of the messenger from Boston was £■!-. 15s. Oil. (lb., 3 : 37G-7.) 

Dee. 23, Edward Randolph also wrote a sharp letter to Governor Treat from Roslon, 
advising him to submit, and thereby merit the favors of the king, and informing him that 
New Plymouth anil Rhode Maud had already yielded! (lb., 3 : 375.) 

Jan. 2G, 1G86-7, there was a special meeting of the assembly to decide what was best 
to be done. The whole matter was left to the discretion of the governor and council. (lb., 
3: 22G.) Thereupon an address was drawn up, dated Jan. 26, 1686-7, and directed to 
the Earl of Sunderland, Secretary of Stale, complaining that no notice had been taken 
of the previous addresses, and apologizing for not observing the writs of Quo Warranto, 
by reason of the distance. :>m\ the rigor of the winter, ami at the same time stating that, 
in case his Majesty should see fit to unite them with, another colony, they preferred to be 
placed under Governor Andros. (lb., 3 : 377-8.) 

ROBERT treat: seoosd gesbratcox. 155 

Feb. 25, Andros sent another letter to Governor Treat and council, complaining of their 
delay in surrendering the charter, though expressing loyally to the king. Feb. 28, he 
addressed a similar letter to Governor Treat. (C. C. It., 3 : 379.) 

March 30, 1687, the governor anil council inform Andres in a letter that Ihey "cannot 
vary from what we informed your excellency in our letters of Jan. 2G." The following 
passage was crossed out in the original draft, "and then when we are commanded by his 
Ma" 1 ' to surrender o'selves to your excellences government, and to be united w" 1 o r 
neighbo 16 in yt government, we shall be as loyal] and dutiful as any, we hope, and as 
readily submit o r selves to your excellency.", (lb., 3 : 3S0-1.) 

June 13, Andros advises Governor Treat and council to delay no longer, till an execu- 
tion be served upon them. (76., 3: 381-2.) 

June 18, the governor and council sent a letter to Andros, saying that they were re- 
solved to continue as they were for the present till his Majesty's pleasure for a change 
was made known to them, and therefore they could not "make a surrender of oui Charter 
at present. (lb., 3 : 383.) 

Oct. 4, Governor Dongau in a letter to the court, expresses great .surprise that Connect- 
icut should desire to be annexed to Boston instead of New York. "As fur your Guv'n 1 '," 
he remarks, "he is an easy good natured gentleman and I believe has bin imposed uppon." 
He could not forgive Governor Treat and Secretary Allyn for preferring Massachusetts to 
New York. In a letter to the Earl of Sunderland, Feb., 1688, Governor Dongan com- 
plains that this had been done "by ye fraud of ye Governo r and ye Clerk unknowne to 
ye rest of the General Conn." (lb., 3: 386-7.) 

Oct. 22. Andros informed Governor Treat in a letter, that the king had annexed Con- 
necticut lo Massachusetts, and that he. should be at Hartford about the end of next week, 
or should send some, one in his place. (lb., 3 : 387-8.) 

Thereupon Governor Treat summoned the general court to meet at Hartford at that 
time. (Tb., 3: 2-18.) Monday, Oct. 31, 1687, Governor Andros, attended by many 
members of his council, and a body guard of "regular troops," entered Hartford, where 
he was hospitably received with great ceremony. The court was in session, and Governor 
Andros entered the assembly leaning on the arm of Governor Treat. He explained the 
reason for placing all the colonics under a single head. According to tradition, Governor 
Treat remonstrated against the surrender of the charter, and such arbitrary proceedings 
as had just taken place, but to no avail. The conference was protracted till after dark ; 
lighted candles were brought in, and the charter was laid upon the tabic in the midst of 
the assembly. Suddenly the candles were extinguished, and quickly re-lighted. Ikil mean- 
while the charter had quietly disappeared.' There was no noise or confusion. The room 
was carefully searched, yet no trace of the missing document could be found. It had been 
carried fiom the assembly by Captain Wadsworth, and hidden in the hollow trunk of a 
venerable oak, afterwards called the Charter oak. The tree was blown down Aug. 21, 
1856. It was computed to be 1000 years old, and was thirty-three feet in circumference 
seven feet above the ground, where it broke off. It stood on what is now Lot number 29, 
Charter Oak avenue, in the city of Hartford. A marble stone marks the place wheie it 
once stood. The charter was concealed somewhere from Oct. 31, 1G87 to May 9, 1689. 
(See Memorial History of Hartford Co., pp. 63-73, vol. 2.) 

It is commonly supposed that Andros did notobtaiu the charter. But this is a mistake, 
I think, lie doubtless did obtain it or a copy of it, or could have done so if he had been 
so disposed. There is no record that he ever demanded it of the assembly. 1 [e was simply 
a usurper, and did not make way with the charter, for this he could not do legally, for the 
Colonists had not forfeited it, but he overrode it. He had gained possession of the gov- 

156 ROBERT treat: second generation. 

eminent, n.-- he desired, and was loyally received by the people, according to all accounts, 
who very wisely made the best of the situation, and cheerfully acquiesced in what they 
were utterly powerless to prevent. The wisdom of their course was afterwards apparent. 
Nor is there any mention whatever in the records or by contemporary writers, of the hid- 
ing of the charter from Andres. This act of disloyally would certainly have been men- 
tioned had it occurred, and would have caused great trouble. The proceedings of the very 
next morning prove that Andros knew nothing of this transaction. Jeremiah Dummer, 
in his "Defence of the New-England Charters," says: "At the same time [1687] Sir Ed- 
mund Andros, then the King's governor of : New-England, did by order from court repair 
to Hartford, the capital of Connecticut, with arm'd attendants, and forcibly seized their 
charter for the king. Rhode Island finding there was no remedy to he had, made a virtue 
of necessity, and peacefully resign'd theirs." (Rage 7, Loud. Ed., 17G6.) 

This account was first published in 1721, only thirty-four years after the event, and is 
proof that Andros gained his point, whatever that was. As to this difficult matter we 
know this for certainty that the colony had no trouble with Andros, and that if he did re- 
ceive the charter, he restored it again, for it is in existence at this day. 


From the colonial records Ave learn this much in regard to the charter. At the session 
of June 15, 1687, in accordance with the desire of sundry persons, the charter was sent 
for and exhibited by the secretary, and then "the Governor bid him put it into the box 
again and lay it on the table and leave the key in the box, which lie did forthwith." And 
there the record leaves it on the table. (C. 0. R., 3 : 238.) 

But at the same time the story of the hiding of a charter may be strictly true. It was 
first published by Trumbull, in his History of Connecticut, in 1797, and it is supposed 
that he received his information from George Wyllys, Secretary of the colony and state 
from 1735 to 1796, who assisted him in his History, and who was the grandson of Samuel 
Wyllys, upon whose estate the charter oak stood. 

lam indebted to the notes of Mr. Hoadlcy upon the Connecticut Colonial Records for 
the earlier versions of the story of the concealment of the charters. Roger Wolcott wrote 
for President Clap a Memoir relating to Connecticut, dated duly 12, 1759, seventy-two 
years after the usurpation of Andros. The original was some years since in the 'posses- 
sion of George Briuley of Hartford. He says: "In Oct., 1687, Sir Edmund Andross 
came to Hartford. The Assembly met and sat late at night. They ordered the Charters 
to be set on the table, and unhappily, or happily, all the candles were snuffed out at once, 
and when they were lighted, the Charters were gone. And now Sir Edmund being in town 
and the Charters gone, the Secretary closed the Colony records with the word Finis, and 
all departed." 

In 1701, Roger Wolcotl gave President Stiles this story, as the latter records it in his 
Itinerary, n. 105, now in Yale College Library, "Nath. Stanly father of lair Col. Stanly 
took one of the Connecticut Charters, and Mr. Talcott, late Gov. Talcott's father, look 
the other, from Sir Edmund Andross in Hartford meeting house, — the lights blown out." 
(Vol. 5: 507.) 

It will be seen that these stories vary widely from that told by Trumbull. 

The following order throws some light on the subject. A\ a meeting of the governor 
and council, May 25, 1698, "the duplicate of the Pattcnt by order from the Govern r and 
Council] being brought by Capt" Joseph Wadsworth, and lie allirming that he had order 
from the Gen'"' Assembly to be the keeper of it,, the Govern 1 and Council! concluded that 
it should remain in his custodie till the General! assembly or the Council! shall see cause 


to order otherwise, and the s d duplicate was delivered to him by order of the Councill." 
(C. C. K.,4: 263.) 

In May, 171 5 , the general court passed this resolve : 

"Upon consideration of the faithful and good service of Capt. Joseph Wadswortb, of 
Hartford, especially in securing the Duplicate Charter of this Colony in a very trouble- 
some season when our Constitution was struck at, and in safely keeping and preserving 
the same ever since to this day. This Assembly do as a token of their greatful resent- 
ment of such his faithful and good service grant him out of the Colony treasury the sum 
of twenty shillings." {lb., o: 507.) 

This bill originated in the Lower House anil as passed there gave Captain Wads worth 
four pounds. The Upper House negatived it and twenty shillings were agreed upon as 
a compromise. From this testimony it, is evident that it was not the original charter, but 
the duplicate one, or copy, that Captain AVadsworth had charge of. Nor did the assem- 
bly seemingly regard his services of any very great value, as he was awarded only twenty 
shillings or one pound. 

It may seem very strange that we should know nothing for certainty in regard to such 
an important matter as the charter, but neither have the names of the actors who threw. 
overboard the tea in Boston harbor in 1773, ever been known except iu a few cases by 
tradition, and it is now, and was soon after the event, a question as to who commanded 
at Bunker Hill, Prescott or Putnam. 

The original charter, engrossed on three skins, now hangs in the secretary's office at 
Hartford. The duplicate, that preserved by Captain YVadsworth, was on two skins, and 
about three-fourths of it, all that uow remains, is at the present time in possession of the 
Connecticut Historical Society, to which it was presented by Hon. John Boyd, who acci- 
dentally became possessed of it. In Oct., 17GU, the general court ordered the charter to 
be printed. {lb., 4 : 'dot.) 

Tuesday morning, Nov. 1, 1GS7, Mr. Treat and Capt. John Allyn, late secretary of 
the colony, were made members of Andres' council, and took their oaths. They were 
also made Judges of the Pleas in their respective counties. {Hi., 3 : 300.) November 7. 
Major Treat was commissioned by Andros as colonel of the militia in New Haven Co., 
and other officers were appointed throughout the colony. {lb., 3 : 391-2.) 

The wonderful statesmanship of Governor Treat is best illustrated by his shrewd man- 
agement during the proceedings in regard to the forfeiture of the charter. In his mind 
the loss of the liberties of the colony seems to have been a foregone conclusion from the 
very beginning, and he determined to make the best of the situation, and delay the calamity 
as long as possible. This is plain from the "Instructions" which he drew up for Mr. 
Whiting, the colony's agent, whose duty was tivst, to prevent if possible, the loss of the 
colony's charter; secondly, failing in this, to plead that the colony might not be divided 
and united to others, but allowed to remain intact. Subsequently the hope was expressed 
that if Connecticut was to be united with some other colony, she might be annexed to Mas- 
sachusetts, rather than to New York. Many corporations in England had already lost 
their charters; Massachusetts and Rhode Island surrendered theirs, and how could it be 
expected that Connecticut would be allowed to retain hers, which was so liberal that the 
colony was almost a free state in all but name? No attention was paid to the writs 
of Quo Warranto, except by addresses to the king, and apologies for not observing them 
by reason of stress of weather, or the great distance, and yet the colony did not suffer 
from this disobedience. When Governor Andros demanded the surrender of the charter, 
the governor and council replied that they could not comply with the request lill they had 
heard from the king. And finally Andros was obliged to come to Hartford in person to 

158 robert treat: second generation, 

take charge of the government. Yet the very next day Governor Treat and Secretary 
Allyn were appointed members of lus council, and within a week the former was commis- 
sioned a colonel. It was doubtless owing to the influence of these men that Connecticut 
suffered less from the tyrannical acts of Andros than the other colonies, 

The conduct cif Andros in the colonies was generally very tyrannical, and was a great 
blow to their prosperity. Nov. 5, 1688, William, Prince of Orange, landed in England. 
As soon as the news reached Boston, on the 18th of April, 16S9, the people rose in rebel- 
lion, seized Andros and put him in confinement. The following February he was released 
and sent to England for trial. : 

May 9, 1689, Governor Treat and the old magistrates under the charter, resumed (he 
oflices from which they had been deposed by Andros in 10S7. (C. C. R., 3 : 250-] .) The 
following characteristic remark of Governor Treat has been preserved. At a trial lie- 
fore the court of assistants in October, 1690, the defendant pleaded to the jurisdiction 
and challenged the authority of the court, and the existing government under which it 
was constituted. To this the governor replied "that the People had put him in. and lie 
had ventured all he had above his shouldiers on this account, — and therefore he would 
maintain it." (lb., 3 : 460.) 


May IV, 1673, the general court granted Capt. Robert Treat three hundred acres of 
land, which was confirmed by patent May 24, 1G87 (Col. Rec. of Lands, 2 : 191), "across 
the west bran;!) of New Haven East river upon the road that lyes from New Haven to 
Farmington," bounded south by the Wallingford line. (C. C. R., 2: 200.) 

Oct. 10, 1078, the court granted the Honour 3 Dept. Gov. Maj. Robert Treat, Mr. Bry- 
ant, sr., or jr.. John Bird, and Lt. Samuel Ealcs "liberty to view and buy convenient land 
for a plantation in the adjacent places about Pototuck, Weantenuck or thereabouts." (lb., 
3 : 20.) lint no purchase was made at that time. In May of 1702, the court gave the 
Milford people permission to purchase, and an Indian deed was obtained Feb. 8, 1702-3. 
(lb., '1: 389.) This tract was made a town by Letters Patent from the governor and 
council Oct. 22, 1703, and called New Milford, (lb., -i : 446), as most of the settlers 
came from Milford, and annexed to New Haven Co. The number of the proprietors was 
109. This tract is called ''the Oweantinoquc or Oweantinnck purchase" in Mr. Treat's 

May 8, 1684, the court appointed Mr. Ilawley and Captain Miner to lay out Governor 
Treat's grant of land. (lb., 3: 116.) 

May 11,1 087, the court granted the "Honour" 3 Governo r , so far as it lyeth in their power, 
all that land, of the north of Milfoid bounds, stated by their patent, to the extent of 
twelve mile from the sea, or so far up as New Haven bounds to the northward paralel 
with their bounds." (lb., 3 : 233.) Also the same day, "200 acres of land to lie taken 
up where they see fit." (lb., 3: 23-1-0.) 

. (let. 8. 1696, the court granted Mr. Treat three hundred acres of land in \spinoefc, or 
Aslipenmick, now Killing^-, in the "Whetstone country" (lb., 4: 18.").) This grant was 
in 'Windham Co.. and laid out. March 29, 170.3-0, at the request of his son, and patented 
in 1708. Mr. Treat was one of the forty-foui proprietors. His son-in-law, Rev. Samuel 
Andrew, had two hundred acres laid out herein 1692. Oct. 15, 1700, on payment of 
£40, a oat. nl of the remaining lands was granted to Robert Treat and others. 

Oet. 9, 1701, liberty was granted by the court to Deputy Governor Treat and others to 
take up their land grants in the "countroy hinds adjoyniug to Stratford north bounds." 
(lb., 1 : 170.) 



Under the JVno Haven Colony. 

In 1653, lie was elected deputy for Mi I ford, and served for six years, till 1659. The 
records from 1644 to 1C53, are lost, and lie may have held the office for a longer period. 
(New Iluveh Colony Records, 2 : 2.) 

In 1C59, he was chosen assistant or magistrate (lb., 2: 297), and served till 1664, 
when lie was again elected, but declined to serve. (lb., 2: 543). These officers then 
constituted the upper house of the assembly, or general court, and in early times were 
the Supreme Court of the state, and the leading men of the times. 

In 1661, and again in 1GG2, lie was chosen as a substitute (or the commissioners to the 
United Colonies. (lb., 2: 402, 451.) 

May 3, lt>64, he was appointed commissioner to Hartford. (lb., 2 : 542.) 

While residing in Newark, N. J. 

Mr. Treat removed to Newark in 1666. He was a burgess, or deputy, at the first 
provincial assembly, and held that office till 1072, (he years, when he returned to Con- 
necticut. He was also the first town clerk. Jn 1671, he was one of the governor's com- 
missioners, lie occupied various other positions of trust in the town. See Stearns' 

Under the Connecticut Colony. 

In May. 1665, he was chosen deputy for Milford, (Conn. Col. Records, 2 : 23.) 

July 6, 1665, he was chosen a member of the committee for defence against the "com- 
mon adversary." (lb., 2 : 21.) 

In May, 1666, after the union of the colonies, Mr. Treat was nominated as assistant, 
which office he had previously held under the New Haven colony from 1659 to 1664, but 
was defeated, perhaps owing to enmity incurred in favoring the union of the colonies, or, 
what is more likely, being about to remove to New Jersey, he declined the office. (/''., 
2: 31.) 

In 1C73, Captain Treate was chosen assistant, or magistrate, which office he held for 
three years. (lb., 2: 191.) 

Ang. 7, 1673, when it was found that the Dutch were about to make war on the colony. 
the court appointed a committee, among whom was Captain Treat, then one of the assist- 
ants, (lb.. 2: 204.) 

May 19, 1674, the court appointed Major Treat, with others to hear the complaints of 
the Indians. (lb., 2: 225.) 

In 1676, he was elected deputy governor, and held the office till 1683, when he was 
elected governor. He resigned that position in 1698, at the age of seventy-four, but again 
accepted that of deputy governor, as being less onerous, and retained, it till 1708, when 
at the age of eighty-four, he retiied. being too old any longer to attend to official duties 
(lb., 2 : 273), having served in that capacity seventeen years. 

May 13, 1C78, Major Treat was chosen a reserve commissioner for the United Colonics. 
He often held the office of commissioner, and in 1684, was president of the board. (lb., 
3: 2.) 

160 ROBERT treat: second generation. 

May 17, 1678, ho was appointed to keep court at Now London, rind to settle matters 
willi the Indians. (X. II. C. R., 3 : 15.) May 9, 1G7H, he received a similar appointment. 
(lb., 3 : 27.) 

Oct. 17, 1679, lie was appointed by the court one of a committee, to go to Norwalk to 
settle the dispute about the building' of a meeting house, (lb., 3; 45.) 

May 15, 1680, the court appointed Major Treat and others a committee to settle the 
difficulties between the Indians. (lb., 3 : 51, 52.) 

Aug. 17, 1G80, Robert Treat, sr., ami Win. Fowler, were appointed a committee to lay 
out one hundred acres of land at Mil ford Tor the Indians. (lb., 3: 68, 78.) May 18, 
1681, the court ordered Major Treat, Capt. Wm. Fowler, and John Burr to view the land 
laid out at Coram Hill last year for the Indians, and if it is so full of stones that it is un- 
fit for cultivation, that it be laid out again. (lb., 3 : 81.) 

May 18, 1682, the court appointed Deputy Governor Treat, with others to settle the 
differences between the Indians of Potatuck and the men of Woodbury. (lb., 3 : 102.) 

The same day the court appointed Mr. Treat and Major Talcotfc to settle the dispute 
between Uneas and the Indians. (76., 3 : 103.) They made their report May 13, 1684. 
(lb., 3: 148-150.) 

In 1083, he was elected governor of Connecticut, and held the office till 1698, for thir- 
teen years, not including the two under A.nclros, when he refused to serve any longer in 
that capacity, though consenting to occupy the office of deputy governor, to which he was 
elected for the next ten years, (lb., 3 : 114.) 

May 10, 1G83, Governor Treat was appointed by the court one of the committee to set- 
tle the bounds between Uncas and the plantations adjoining; and also between Lyme and 
Uncas. (lb., 3 : 117.) 

Sept. 19, 1692, at a special court of Oyer and Terminer, held at Fail Geld, Governor 
Treat being present, Mercy Disborough, wife of Thomas Disborough of Compo, oi West- 
port, charged with witchcraft, was convicted by the jury, who adhered to their verdict af- 
ter being sent out once, and sentenced to death by the governor, but probably pardoned, 
as a person by that name was living in Fairfield in 1707, and was one of the executors of 
the estate of her husband Thomas Disborough. This was the last trial for witchcraft in 
the state. (76., 4 : 76, 77.) 

Oct. 12, 1699, Deputy Governor Treat was appointed by the court one. of a committee 
to settle the boundary between Rhode Island and Connecticut. (76., 4 : 299.) 


On the 12th of July, 1710, Robert Treal died at the ripe old age of eighty-six or eighty- 
eight years, as staled on his gravestone. His had been a very active life. We first be- 
come acquainted with hitu in 1639, in Milford, when a youth of about sixteen, he assisted 
tile settlers iu laying out their lots. From that time till within a few years of his death he 
was most actively engaged in the affairs of State as well as attending successfully to his 
own. The numerous high positions to which he was elected, as well as the various services 
of a more humble and private nature which he rendered during his long life, show plainly 
in what estimation he was held by his fellow citizens, lie was called '"Mr." — which was 
no meaningless title iu those days, — in both Connecticut and New Jersey. As late as 1706, 
out of the 109 Proprietors o I New Milford, only six besides Robert Treat had that title pre- 
fixed to their names. He was early recognized by the authorities as no ordinary man. Ju 
1G50, Lieutenant Treat was called upon by the town of Milford to watch as other men 

noBJCRT treat: second generation. 


against the threatened inroads of Indians But they were reprimanded by the General 

Court, May 28, 1G56, which declared "that lie ought lo lie tree tor his person, estate, mil 
one house lot." (X. 11. C. R. 2 : 177). 

In May, 1710, the General Court passed this resolution: 

"This assembly remembering the -real, and good services done for this Colonj by (he 
antient and honorable Coll. Robert Treat, late Governor, do give and graul unto him out 
of the public treasury of the Colony, the sum of twenty pounds, as money to be paid to him 
by the treasurer." (C. C. R. 5 : 153, 1.) 

The testimony of the historian Trumbull has been given on pages 145, G. Hollistcr, 
in his History of Connecticut, remarks: 

"Governor Treat was not only a man of high courage, but, he was one of the most cautions 
military leaders and possessed a quick sagacity united with a breadth of understanding that 
enabled him to see at a glance the most complex relations thai surrounded the field of bat- 
tle. Nor did he excell only as a hero; his moral courage ami inherent force of character 
shone with the brightest lustre in the executive chair or legislative chamber, when stimu- 
lated by the opposition and malevolence of such men as Andros. In private life he was 
no less esteemed, lie was a planter of that hospitable order thai adorned New England 
in an age when hospitality was accounted a virtue, and when the term gentleman was some- 
thing more than an empty title His house was always open to the poor and friendless, 
and whenever he gave his 'hand, he gave his heart. Hence, whether marching to the relief 
of Springfield, or extending his charities to Whalley or Go tie, while he drowned a tear of 
sympathy in the lively sparkle of fun and of anecdote, be was always welcome, always be- 
loved. His quick sensibilities, his playful humor, his political wisdom, his firmness in the 
midst of dangers, and his deep piety', have still a traditionary fame in the neighborhood 
where he spent the brief portion of his time that he was allowed to devote to the culture of 
the domestic and social virtues." (Chap. 17, p. o7), Vol. 1.) 

The seal of Robert Treat may be seen in Lambert's History of the Colony of New Haven, 
page 138. 

There are several letters from him of the date of 1081 and 1G97, to the authorities in 
Massachusetts, preserved in the Mass. Archives, 2 : 253, 255. Copies of the autographs 
have been made. 

(1684) J^mrt^aoJ^fi Jljf rco 


(1697) // j^foHi'r&t- . 

The old house in which Mr. Treat lived has Ion;:; since passed away. Lambert (page 
138) has preserved a southwest view of it, as it appeared (sec page IGG). 


In the summer of 1880, I visited Milford. The bouse of Mr. Baldwin is built on the 
site once occupied by the Governor's house. In digging for the cellar lie discovered the 
drain to the old house, which now does duty in the new. A well of excellent water, on 
the promises, is the identical well from which the Governor drew water. The street at the 
side of the house is railed the Governor's Avenue. 

Governor Treat's tombstone, in the old burying ground at Milford, consists of a large 
oblong shibof sandstone, raised above the ground, not resting ou logs, but closed in, and 
is still in good repair. The inscription is as follows : 












ANNO DOM : 1710 


I the said Robert Treat being aged in years and not knowing how suddenly the Lord may 
by death call me home from out of this life, but being at present of sound understanding 
and memory, do make this my lad 'will and testament asfolloweth, hereby making null and 
void all former wills whatsoever made by me. 


1 commit my soul lo God through the alone merits of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, 
and my body to a decent burial as my executors shall sec meet . And as for my worldly 
goods which God of his bounty has bestowed upon me being not already disposed of by 
me, having already given to all my children such portions of my estate as I found myself 
then web able to pai t with & hopefully to their content. 

As for ye rest of my estate undisposed of hitherto, my debts, legacies, funeral charges 
being defrayed : 

.1 do give and bequeath all my right and interest in a farm of two hundred acres of 
land given and granted to mc hyyc general Court of this Colony, not being yet taken up. 
1 do give ye same to my loving Somi-in-la\v Mr. Samuel Andrew and to my daughter Abi- 
gail his wife of Milford and their heirs forever according to deed: or one share of my pur- 
chase of Owcantinuek. 


My son Samuel Treat having received a double portion as may appear by deed of gift 
lo him bearing date August 6 th , 17<)7. The contents of s' deed I do further hereby con- 
firm to ye above S 1 ' Samuel Treat and. his In irs forever. 



As a pledge of my Fatherly love and farewell kindness to all my dear and loving children, 
viz. Samuel, John, Mary, Robert, Hanah, Joseph, and Abigail, I do give and bequeath 
four pounds to each of them in pay, payable within one year after my decease. 


I do give to my sonn Joseph Treat one quarter part of my saw mill down stream and one 
quarter part of all the rights & privileges and appurtenances that do belong to it. 


I do give to my sons Mr. Samuel Andvew and Robert Trcal ye remainder of my right 
to all the privileges thereto belonging in mills, sawing or fulling mill. 

I do give to my son Robert Treat my Gold Ring and one half of my plate, buttons, and 
the other hall of my plate, buttons, 1 give to my sonn Joseph. 


I do give to Samuel Andrew my grandson my three acre lottonthe eastern end of Calves 
pen hill to him & his heirs forever. 


I do give to Mr. Samuel Mather junior of Windsor one of my shares in Oweantinoque 
purchase to Iran & his heirs forever. 


I do give to my sons Robert and Joseph Treat and their heirs forever all the land they 
have tilled and sown with wheat on grassie hill until August G ,h ] 707 together with the 
land they have inclosed in for a yard and a Iianie. 


My will is that all the remainder of my estate both real &. personall undisposed of by my- 
self shall be equally divided in value among all my dear children or their heirs if any of 
them shall be deceased. Viz: 

My lands to my natural! sons, shares, unless they refuse lands or there be not movables 
enough without lands to give each of them their equall shares in that case my will is thn 
my sons shall have liberty to buy the lands, giving so much for the lands as the said lands 
shall be prized by indifferent men in the Inventory of my estate. 


I do give to my children an equall share of my common and undivided lands in Milford 
Towne viz : to my son Andrew, Robert, Joseph Treat and alsoe to my son Samuel Treat. 


I do nominate and appoint my loving sonn Sam" Andrew and my two sonns Joseph Trent 
and Robert Treat or any two of them to lie the sole Executors of this my last will and 
testament and my will is that as many of them that shall survive to be Execut 1 '" of this my 
will and testament shall have four pounds apeicc for their pains. 

And for confirmation of the above written instrument to be my last will and testament, 
I have hereto set my hand and seal this fifth of January 17U7. 

Robert Treat sen r & Scale. J seal J 

The Inventory of his property is ''given at country pay prices." Among the items 
— chicily personal property — arc two slaves valued at £85; land at £217; and £19. 19s., 
paper currency. 

The descendants of Governor Treat were at one lime very numerous in Milford. At the 
beginning of the present century, in April, 1808, the following persons bearing that name, 
were admitted as Electors. 



Elisha Treat. 
Richard " 
Richard " jr. 

David " 
Samuel " 

Jonathan Treat. 


Stephen A. " 


Robert " jr. 

Isaac Treat, jr. 
Joseph " " 
Robert " 
Isaac '*■ 4th. 

Milford has been divided into other towns and the only family at present (1889) resid- 
ing there is thai of Mortimer S. Treat, who is a seed grower at ^'oodmont. But a great 
number of families reside in the neighboring towns of Orange, formerly North Milfoid, 
Derby, Oxford, Seymour, and l\Y\v llivven. 

Mii.foed's 250th Annivkusary. 
In J 889 was celebrated the 250th anniversary of the settlement of Milford. The First 
church of that town was organized in New Haven, Aug. ?-', 1G39, and the event was 
commemorated Sunday, Aug. 25, 1889, in the First Congregational church, Milford. Dur- 
ing the services the memorial tablets of six pastors of the church, which had been arranged 

( .'"' lfg 



~~-~~j£. >i/"ir j__ — — — rrrrr 

along the walls of the building, were presented by their descendants with appropriate re- 
marks on their characters. The old chair formerly in possession of Governor Treat stood 
near the pulpit. It is now in the possession of Mrs. Champion. 270 Crown street, New 
Haven. It is made of English oak, beautifully curved. The cushion covering and the 
castors are modern. 


The town celebration look place Wednesday, Aug. 28. The day was a fine one and 
was ushered in by a saluteof forty -two guns at sunrise, accompanied by the ringing of bells 
and blowing of whistles. At ten o'clock the grand procession started. The floats repre- 
sented periods in the town's history. 

First Division. 


Float representing .the purchase of the town from the Indians. Settlers and Indians 
being dressed in the costumes prevailing twp centuries and a half ago. Mortimer Smith 8 
Treat (24 79) represented one of the white men. 

Float representing Indian life. Richard Mortimer 9 Treat (3600), son of Mortimer S. 
Treat, represented one of the Indian braves. 

Pioneer band representing the original settlers with their wives and children as they 
journeyed from New Haven to Milford, on horseback" and on foot. All dressed in the 
costume of ye olden time. Elbee Joseph 8 Treat (2101) was in this procession. 


Floats showing the industries practised in the town in the epoch between 1G39 and 


Second Division. 




It had been decided to erect, a stone bridge across the Wepowage at Fowler's Mills, and 
a tower as the most fitting memorial to the founders of the. town. The bridge was built 
at the expense of the town, and cost 83000. The tower and all the inscriptions were paid 
for by private contributions solicited by the committee. Among the contributors of ten 
dollars and upwards, who have Treat blood in their veins, were: 

Mrs. Mary A. C. Treat, widow of Judge Amos S. Treat (1408) of Bridgeport, Conn., 
and herself a descendant of Governor Treat ; Robert Treat Paine (520) of Boston; Na- 
than A. Baldwin, of Milford; William E. Downs, of New Haven; George M. Gunn ; An- 
son Treat Downes (T22G), of New York; George Gunn Baldwin, of Sioux City, Iowa; 
David !'.. Ingersoi; John Harvey Treat (1782) of Lawrence, Mass.; Owen Treat Clark ; 
"William Cecil Dnrand; Lyman V. Treat (2202), of New Haven; Isaac C. Smith; Mrs. 
Sarah E. Champion (2240) of New Haven. There were several contributors of five dol- 
lars or less, but their names; are unknown to me. 

The tower, of which we give an engraving, contains a large slab o f stone, 5 X 7 X 2 ft., 
the gift of Standi;!' Bazen Downes, son of Anson Treat Downes, of Nov York City, 
bearing this inscription ; 







OBIIT 1710. 


In the cemetery ,\Irs. Surah E. Champion placed an ivy wreath, made by her niece Miss 
Alice Treat Booth (2211 ), upon the grave of Governor Treat. 

In the afternoon, at three o'clock, the literary exercises of the day were held in the 
First Congregational church. Speeches were made by X. A. Baldwin, the president on 
this occasion ; Lieutenant Governor Mcrwin, in the absence of Governor Bulkeley; Gen. 
Joseph R. Hawley ; Mrs. Frances Fowler. Van Vlict read a poem; Judge C. C. Baldwin, 
of Cleveland, Ohio, spoke, and lion. Charles Henry Treat (30-j7), of Georgetown, Del., 
delivered a eulogy on his ancestor, Gov. Robert Treat. As the hour was growing late, 
George M. Gunn, Esq., in a witty speech closed the addresses. 

hi the evening there was a grand illumination of Broad Street. Parle, a fine display of 
fireworks, and a concert by Wheeler and Wilson's band, of Bridgeport, Conn. A number 
of the descendants of Governor Treat also met at the residence of John G. North, where 
they talked over family matters. See The Story of the Memorial, by Nathan G. Pond, 
Milford, 1S89 ; and Inscriptions on Tombstones, in Milford, Conn., elected prior to 1800, 
New Haven, 1889, X. G. Pond. 





2 Rev. Samuel 3 Treat (Robert* Ridiard 1 ), born , 1648; baptized Sept. 

3, 1G 18, in Milford, Conn. ; died March 18, 1710-17, in Ills sixty-ninth year (gravestone 
in Eastham, Mass.) ; married, first, March 16, 1674, Elizabeth 3 Mayo, 1 baptized May 22, 
lG5o, died Dec. 4, 1696, aged forty-four, in Eastliarn, and daughter of Samuel and Tam- 
sen (Lumpkin) Mayo; second, Aug. 29, 1700, Mis. Abtgaii. 3 (AVillakd) Estabrook, 
born July 5, 1665, in Groton, Mass., died Dee. 27, 1746, aged eighty-two, in Boston, and 
daughter of Rev, San no! and Abigail (Slievman) 3 Willard. Mr. Treat graduated at Har- 
vard college in ICG'. 1 . About 1666, his father and family, and other relative--, had 
removed from Connecticut to New Jersey, and founded the town of Newark. After grad- 
uation, Mr. Treat probably went there also, as in July, 1670, the people of Woodbridgo, 
N. 1 , instructed their committee for the supply of the pulpit, to apply to Mr. Jeremiah 
Peck, of Elizabethtown, or to Mr. Samuel Treat "to preach six or seven months." The 
iattei officiated fo" a short, time. Mr. Peck declined a second call to the ministry at 
W-ood bridge in 1673. In JG72, Maj. Robert Treat returned to Mil ford, Conn., and his 
son probably returned with hi in, for the same year, the Rev. Samuel Trent of Milford re- 
ceived a call to become Hie pastor of the church at Eastham— Indian name, Nauset — on 
Cape Cod. It is said that he was not ordained till ] 7 ;"> . His salary was£50^er annum, 
which was increased in ' 710, to £70, in silver money, with wood enough tor his use 
brought to his door. Besides he received : 

1 Rc.v. John 1 Mayo, t>. , in England :,!. , 1076, in Yarmouth, Mass.; m. Thomusen . 

He arrived in Barnstable, Mass.. in 1C39, where he was s tcachm- till 1044, when be removed to East- 
ham, und took charge of the church there In 1640. He remained hi Eastliani till 1655, when lie was 
settle;', as pastor ovi r the Second church in Boston on the ninth of November of thai year. In 
l'j72, he resigned on account of old age, and removed in HiTti to Barnstable, where lie resided with 
Lis daughter. His death took place at Yarmouth. His son : 

C»pt. Samcm.* Mayo, b. , in England; d. , 1(363, in Boston; in. , Tamsen, or 

J%omtti>fne. Lumpkin. I>. , 1026, d. . and dan. of Willia e and Tamsen Lumpkin. His clan. : 

ElmaButii 3 Mayo, bapt May 23, 1053, in Boston; m. Rev, Samuel Trent,, us above. Sewali thus 
refers to the marriage, though he is in error as to the date: ' Mr. Treat to Mr. Mailio's grandchild 
the lGth of April, '74." Diary, April 27, ! 674 . Mass. Hist. Coll., oth Series, p. ;'.. A genealogy of 
tli" Mayo famiiy is in course of prcpaiaiioii. 

•Simox 1, h. pljoul 1C0!. iii England; d. April 21, 1676; in. . lie enme 1o Boston. 

May, 1634, ai Hie age of Ihirty, from Ilorscmonden, in the county of Kent, where, as also in the 
neighboring county of Suffolk, the name had existed as far back as the 11th century. His second 
sen : 

Rev. SAMura.' Wn.I,A!a>, b Jan 31, 1639-40, in Concord, Mass .'1. Sept. 12, 1707, agedGS, in Boston; 
m., 1st, Aug. 8, 1604, Abigail Sherman : 2nd, about 1070, Eunice who d. Jan. 14, 1720, in Bos- 
ton, mid dau. of Edward Tyng, of Dunstable, Mass, He graduated at Harvard college in 1650, and 
settled In Groton, Mass. Alter the destruction of that town by the Indians in IG76, lie moved to 
Boston, and hecami paster of the Old South church, April 10. 1678, which position he held as long. 
fis he lived. When chosen president of Harvard college in 1701, he was unwilling to leave his parish. 
As the hi .v required the president of the coiiegy to reside in Cambridge, he undertook his new duties 
with the title of vice-president, and retained his oflice up to within a month of his death. By his 
two wives he is said to have had twenty children— eight by his first wife, two of whom died very 
young, their names even being unknown, and cweive by his second wife. His daughter: 

Amoam. 3 Wjllauh, b, Jul} ."., 1065; in., 1st, Nov. 20, 1604, Hev. Benjamin Eskibrook, b. Feb. 24, 
1G71, in Lexington, M:>ss., d. .inly 28, 1607. He graduated at Harvard in HiOO, and wis ordained at 
Lexington, Oct. 21, 1000. ills fiitlmr was Kuv. Joseph Bstabrook, b. in Enfield, Middlesex Co., 
England, lie came to New England in 1660, graduated at Harvard in 1064, and died in 1711. For 
her second husband she in. Rev. Hamad 1 r ul as above. 


"Also ;i pared of meadow and upland, given !(•• Hie town by Manasseth Compton, an 
Indian; and a parcel of upland nun meadow bought of John Young. 

"Also, three acres of meadow called the White meadow. 

''Also, an island at Billingsgate, with the meadow about it. 

"Also, a parcel of marsh in Great Meadow. 

"Also, twenty acres of upland at the head of the Cove. 

"Also, that the town build a suitable house for him on this land." Pratt's History of 
Eastham, p. 30. 

These gifts are recorded on the town books. Jn the original record Manasseth Comp- 
ton is not called an Indian. He was a white man and his correct name was Kempton, a 
resident of Plymouth. Mr. Josiah Paine, of Harwich, informs me that lie has a copy of 
his letter to the < Imrch of Eastham, or rather to Mr. Prence. The house was built a little 
southeast of the present residence of Seth Knowles, near the brook which ran from Cedar 
swamp to the Town cove, and not far from an excellent spring of water. The ground 
where the house once stood has been levelled, so that no trace of the foundation now re- 
mains, though as late as 1882, remains of the cellar could still be seen. The house stood 
a little bad: of the main road. I visited the place in 18S-1. The stone bounds of l-lie 
farm of "twenty acres," marked T, are just where they were probably placed in 1C72. 
when the lain] was given to Mr. Treat. The place was purchased in 17-12, by Col. John 
Knowles of Mr. Treat's widow, and is now occupied by Seth Knowles, a descendant, who 
kindly showed me over the farm, and ijoinled out various spots of interest,. Colonel 
Knowles died Nov. ;', 1 7 ."> 7 , in his eighty-fifth year, and is buried near Mr. Treat, in the 
old burying ground. Sonic few years ago this farm was awarded a prize, as being the 
best one in Ban/stable Co. 


In IGM, the General Court of Mass. granted anew settlement atNausct, which included 
the present towns of Welllleet, Eastham and Orleans, being about fifteen miles long. 
A church was soon gathered, but the number of inhabitants did not warrant the support 
of a settled minister till 1072, -when Mr. Treat was called. He proved to be a very 
acceptable pastor, and was greatly beloved and respected by his people, as Ins long 
ministry of forty-five years among them proves. His large parish must have required great 
labor. Jn 1700, the town of Truro, just north of Eastham, was settled, mostly by emi- 
grants from the latter place. Mr. Treat's sons Samuel, John and Nathaniel, his daughters 
Jane Freeman, Sarah Rogers and Abigail Stevens, with their husbands, were among the 
first settlers. His son Joseph resided there some five years, between 1722 and 1727, but 
whether he lived there before removing to Boston about 1712, is not known. Mr. Treat 
performed parochial duties in Truro previous to the establishing of a church there in 

Like all good men, Mr. Treat had his enemies. ]n 1685, "Elizabeth, wife of Jabcz 
Snow, was fined Id.,, Tor railing expressions on the Lord's day, used towards Mr. Samuel 
Treat.' " It is a curious fact that (he son of the same Elizabeth Snow afterwards married 
Mr. Treat's daughter Elizabeth. In addition to his white congregation he had under him 
a large number of Indians. 

John Eliot has la en very properly styled "the Apostle of the Indians." Unconverted 
many of the Indians about Boston, and also preached the gospel to large congregations 
in the Plymouth Colonj . There were already large numbers of "praying" Indians about 
Sandwich before 1072. Rev. dames Freeman says of Mr. Treat : 


'•This gentleman is entitled to a distinguished rank among the evangelists of New Eng- 
land ; and by 1 lis zeal ami labours, lie not only converted many of the Indians to the 
faith which lie embraced, but lie was also the happy instrnment of reducing them to a 
state of order and civilization." Descrip. and Hist, of Easthain, Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc, 
p. 170. 1st Series, Vol. 8. 

Knowing that lie could not make much impression on the Indians without first gaining 
their affections, Mr. Trout not only treated them with great kindness on all public occa- 
sions, but also visited them at their homes, and joined in their festivities. In that way 
he gained their good will, and they in turn looked upon him as a lather. lie could also 
write and speak their language with perfect aeeuracy. Oace a month lie preached to them 
in their villages, and at other times their teachers read to them a sermon which had been 
prepared by Mr. Treat, not being allowed to deliver anything composed by themselves, 
lie also translated the "Confession of Faith" into the Nauset dialect, and had it published 
for the benefit of the Indian tribes, duly 12, 1687, Inciease Mather wrote a letter to 
John Ler.sden, Hebrew professor in the University of Utrecht, which contains these words : 

"in Plymouth we have the most active Mr. Samuel Treat laying out himself to save 
this generation. . . . Not far from a promontory called Cape Cod, there are six 
assemblies of heathen who are to be reckoned as catechumens, amongst whom there are 
six Indian preachers: Samuel Treat, pastor of a church at Eastliam, preachetli to those 
congregations in their own language." Cited by Cotton Mather, Mag. Christ., 15. 3, Pt. 
3, pp. 5(58-9, Vol. 1. 

Aug. 2:', 1 G 3 ., Rev. Mr. Treat wrote to Increase Mather, President of Harvard Col- 
lego, gi\ ing the following account of the progress of the Gospel among the Indians : 

Revkuend and Wohthv Sir : I being advertised that it would not be unseasonable 
or unscrvicable, at this juncture, to give yourself a true and impartial account hut n of 
the number, as also of the present state of our Indians, and acceptation and entertainment 
of the gospel among them, and their profess'd subjection thereunto; .Sir, you may be 
assur'd as followcth : 

"That there are five hundred and five adult persons of Indians within the limits of our 
township, unto whom, these many years past,, I have from time to time imparted the gos- 
pel of our Lord Jesus in their language (and I truly hope not without success), ami yet 
I continue in the same service, earnestly imploring, and not without hopes, expecting and 
waiting tor a more plentiful down-pouring of the spirit from o:i high among them : and J 
verily do not know of, nor can I learn that there is so much as one of these five hundred 
Indians that docs obstinately absent from, but do jointly frequent and attend on the preach- 
ing ol the word, and countenance of the same not only frequenting and attending seasons 
of worship of a divine sanction, but also all other occasional opportunities, when the gos- 
pel is dispens'd to them ; and when our congregations solemnize pnblick days of prayer 
with fasting, or of praises (I usually giving them advertisement thereof ), they readily 
comply therewith, in their respective assemblies. 

"They have four distinct assemblies in four villages belonging to our township, in 
which four assemblies they have Coin teachers of their own choice, of the more sober, 
well-affected, and understanding persons among them, who duly preach to them, when I am 
not with ihcm; these Indian teachers repair to my house once a week, to be. further in- 
structed (pro Modulo meo) in 'he concernments proper lor their service and station. 

"Tleu-e are in the four above-said villages four schoolmasters (of the best accomplished 
for that service) who teach their youth to read and write their own language. 

"There are aiso six justices of the peace (or magistrates) in the four abovesaid villages, 
who regulate their civil affairs, and punish criminals and transgressors of thecivil law; 
they have their stated courts and other iuferiour otlieers in a subserviency to their civil 
good order. 

"There are among them many of a serious, sober, civilized conversation and deport- 
ment, who arc making essays towards a further progressive step of obedience and con- 



fortuity to the rules of the gospel, viz.: an 'ecclesiastical combination,' having a great 
desire to be baptiz'd. 

'•They ave very servieable by their labour in the English vicinity, and have :ill along since 
our wars with their nation been very friendly to the English, and forward to serve them in 
that quarrel. Their deportment and converse, and garb being much more manly and laud- 
able than any other Indians that I have obscrv'd in the province. 

"But, sir, 1 would imt be tedious, only craving your interest at the throne of grace for 
us, that we may be serviceable to the name and kingdom of our Loud Jesus. So 1 sub- 

"Sir, yours willingly, 


'■Eastbain, Aug. 23, 1693," 

Cited by Cotton Mather, Magnalia Christi, B, 6, C. C, Sect. 3, pp. -137-8, Vol. 2. 

In IG85, there were in the County of Plymouth 1439 Indians, besides boys and girls 
under twelve. In 1G93, there were within the limits of East ham, 505 adult Indians,— per- 
haps too high an estimate, — to whom Mr, Treat preached. In 1G98, there were about 
ninety families in the township. The Indian;:, seemed to melt away by coutaet with civ- 
ilization. In 1764, by actual census, there were only five Indians in "Wellfleet, eleven in 
Easthani, and ninety-one in Harwich. 


Mr. Treat was not a popular or pleasant preacher. His voice was loud and harsh, so 
that it could be heard at a great distance from the Meeting House, even amid the wintry 
Masts that howled over the plains of Nauset. The character of his sermons, teaching for 
the most part pure Calvinism, must have been rather unpleasant to some of his hearers. 
An anecdote has been handed down, slowing' how a really excelleut discourse was injured 
by a bad delivery. The Rev. Mr. Willard, Mr. Treat's father-in-law, minister of the Old 
South Church, Boston, from 1678 to 1707, when he died, was an elegant and popular 
preacher. On a certain occasion Mr. Treat preached one of his best sermons before thai 
congregation, which displeased them very much. Some of these critics wailed, upon Mr. 
Willard, and while admitting that Mr. Treat was doubtless a very pious and worthy man, 
he was bill a wretched preacher, and begged that he might not be allowed to preach in his 
pulpit again. Mr. Willard made no reply, but borrowing the sermon of his son-in-law, 
after a few weeks, delivered the same without any alteration. The hearers were delighti d, 
and requested a copy for publication. "See the difference," they cried, "between your- 
self and your son-in-law; you have preached a sermon on the same text as Mr. Treat's; 
but whilst his was contemptible, yours is excellent.'' 

Mr. Treat's Calvinism was of the strictest kind. "The fact is established beyond all 
dispute by a volume of his sermons in manuscript, now in possession of his grandson 
[Robert Treat Paine]. These sermons are connected in their subjects, arc correctly tran- 
scribed, and appear to have been designed for publication. They display learning; and 
the doctrines of his sect are defended with ability and ingenuity. The present age would 
not bear them, as many of the words whii Is he uses have grown obsolete, and his images 
too frequently arc coarse, and to a fastidious modern tar would approach even to the ludi- 
crous. These sermons are distinguished by their tremendous applications, in which lie has 
caught the spirit of Baxter and Alleiue. The following extract from the application of a 
discourse on Luke xvi : 23, is given as a specimen of his maimer. 

'• 'Let this truth be an aw ci'ul and solemn word of awakening to thee, that art J ct in thy 
sins, and hast not truly repented of them. I have pressed thee to seriousness from the 
Consideration of death, and thai is solemn; but it may be that seems a little thing to 
thee, and thou coiinlest it no such great matter to die; and were the Epicurean principle 
a truth, that man dies in all points like the beasts that perish, it were of little concern- 
ment. "Well then, if thou canst see nothing in the grave to make lire serious, I beseech 


thee to look a little further, and sec if thou canst find nothing in hell to staitlc and 
amaze thee. Remember thou art not, only going to the grave, which it may be thou 
mayst look upon as :iu easer of many of tlie sorrows of this life, and so mayst have some 
abatement of the terrours of it ; but tliou art going to hell, the beginner of worse, unspeak- 
ably worse sorrows. 

" 'Thou must ore longgo to the bottomless pit.. Hell hath enlarged herself, and is ready 
to receive thee. There is room enough for thy entertainment: and dost thou know what 
it is for a condemned sinner to go to hell? 1 have told thee in the explication ; but let me 
apply it to thee now. 

" 'Consider thou ait going to a place, prepared by God on purpose to exalt Ins justice in ; 
a place made for no other employment but toi'ments. Hell is God's house of correction ; 
and remember God doth all things like himself. When God would show his justice, and 
what is the weight of his wrath, he makes a hell, where it shall indeed appear to [im- 

" 'Consider, God will take delight to execute vengeance on thee. God delights in justice, 
and in executing His own decrees. Now it was his eternal decree to destroy sinners for- 
ever, lie purposed to show his power, and make his wrath known, upon the vessels of 
wrath tilted to destruction. But woe to licit soul, whom God shall delight to punish. 
Now thou laughest at the reproofs which God givest thee by his ministers and people: 
God will laugh at thee shortly. And how wilt thou fear, when he shall torment thee, and 
thou shalt roar under thy torments? Thou shalt cry for mercy, and he si, nil mock thee. 
Thou now rejoieest in sinning: he will ere long rejoice in thy calamity. 

" 'Sinner. 1 beseech thee, realize the truth of these things. Do not go about to dream 
that this is derogatory to God's mercy, ami nothing but a vain fable to scire children out 
of their wits withal. God can be merciful, though he make thee miserable. He shall 
have monuments of that precious attribute, shining like stars in the place of glory, and 
singing eternal hallelujahs to the praise of him that redeemed them; though to exalt the 
power of his justice, he damn sinners heaps upon heaps. 

"The conclusions of the other sermons are in general equally alarming. Indeed the 
author of them appears to have thought it his duty, constantly to persuade men by the 
terrours of the Lord : and though in his first discourse he professes to 'preach comfort and 
joy to the penitent, as well as hell and damnation to the impenitent;' yet few words of 
comfort are to be found, whilst there are denunciations of wrath in almost every page. 
The effect of this preaching was, that his hearers were, several limes in the course of his 
ministry, awakened and alarmed. . . . That they were a holy and godly people, he 
himself testified ; and he doubtless rejoiced in the persuasion, that he had been the happy 
instrument of their conversion. His best friends, however, allowed that he dwelt loo much 
on the anger of Cod ; and an instance is related of an innocent young man, who was so 
frightened with one of his dreadful pictures of the infernal regions, as nearly to be de- 
prived of his senses. Mr. Treat, who really possessed great kindness of heart, became 
seriously concerned at his situation, and with assiduity and with tenderness exerted him- 
self to console him." 

For these anecdotes and extracts and, in fact, for almost all we know about Mr. Treat 
of a personal character, we are indebted to Rev. James Freeman, a great grandson by his 
daughter .lane, who often visited the Cape and look much interest in it. lie obtained 
much of his information from Robert Treat l'aine and his sister. Mrs. Creonleaf, also 
grandchildren of Mr. Treat, by his daughter Eunice. Sec Mr. Freeman's Description and 
History of Easthaill, written in 1^02, and published in the Collection of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, pp. 154.-186, 1st Series, Vol. S. 

In the Diary of Dea. Moses Paine, of Truro, are frequent allusions to the sermons of 
Mr. Treat. When in Easthan: on Sunday, he was in the habit of attending church, and 
noting the. text of the. sermon, as well as recording some pious thought. Under the date 
of May 13, 171G, he writes : "Being Lord's day I went to meeting and Mr. Treat's text in 


ye forenoon was ye 1 John 5 cli. 11=12 verses; and ye afternoon it was in Psalms 31. 
ye 5 verse. 

'"May 20, 1710, in Lin: forenoon the text was John — 8, 9, 10, 11 ; in the afternoon, Ps. 
31 : 5. 

" June 3, 1 7 1 1 "> , in the forenoon, John 16 : 10; in the afternoon, Ezekiel 24 : 16. 

"June 10, " " " " Ps. 23 : 1 ; " " " Ephes. 3 : S. 

"June 17, '• " " '< John 1:18; " " " Ps. 23 : 1." 

John Cotton, in a letter to Cotton Mather, from Plymouth, July 11, 1678, thus alludes 
to Mr. Treat's Election sermon : . 

"Mr. Treat's Sermon on Dan. 5: 27; was very choice & esteemed by all Judicious, 
worthy of Great Acknowledgement." Collection Mass. Historical Society, p. 243, -ith 
Series, Vol. 8. 


The old Meeting House, situated in the burying ground near the Town Cove, in which 
Mr. Treat preached for forty-five years, has long since disappeared. The old building 
had become very much dilapidated, and in order the better to accommodate people, a new 
Meeting House was creeled in 1720, and a new burial place laid out in the southwestern 
part of the town, just .south of the present R. R. Station. The following lines on this 
ancient structure, by Hem an Doane, Esq., a native of Eastham, were sent me by J. A, 
Doane, of Atlanta, Ga. : 

"The old South Meeting House time worn and Without aid of pipe, reed, or string. 

gray, The gallery next, filled w illi sober young men 

That stood fronting East by the Kings high- (They didn't go to church for frolic then,) 

way, Their hats in the spokes of the rails in a row; 

That goeth to Billingsgate, so runs the phrase, And all is in order above and below. 

In the quaint record "f olden days. Youth, manhood, and age sit reverently there, 

Many scores of years that Meeting House stood, Or stand with bowed heads in Lime of prayer. 

And sav. many days of both evil and good, The upturned seal-- too, were worshippers then, 

Beared by the fathers who long gathered there, And chattered applause at every Amen. 

To keep Sabbath time in praise and prayer. Alas! what changes have since come o'er 

I remember it well, its outsida look, Church, priesthood and people, that we see no 

I remember its inside too like a book. more. 

The broad aisle from d >orway to pulpit that Oh, sail is the thought, but mortals sliovddknow, 

led Mutation is written on all tilings In-low. 

The side aisles running with the walls parallel. All gone! that old Congregational band, 

And the great box pews that men always filled Save here and there one, to the spirit land. 

Mel!. And their mouldering tonus are sleeping near 

Willi free seats in front Cor old women and men Where the old church stood so many avian-. 

(They had no church aristocracy then), When I pass their low graves, mcthiuks they 
Where sat the old fathers and mothers so near seem 

The pulpil that they the better might hear, To rise from their beds, in my noontide dream, 

While iu their snug sanctum the grave deacons And ) see them again sitting orderly there 

sal In that ancient house of praise and prayer. 

Beneath the high pulpit on this side and that. Oh ! blessed old days, ye shall ne'er he forgot, 

Look up now and see thai long row ed choir, The memories that cling to thai hallowed spot, 

That sounded and sang with voices raised higher, Shall be green, like David when he told, 

Than nnoiy rhurel. singers now venture to go, When he said. "1 remember the days of old." 

Who sing only tunes that art set prettj low. 1 have seen splendid temples, filled with fashion 
They sang the sweet tunes of nucienl days, and people; 

That swelled both the voice and the heart with But none on the tablets of memory will stay 

praise; Like that old gray church b\ the King's High- 
Ami made the wads of the old church ring, way." 


In 1829, this building was in turn abandoned, and another creeled in a more eligible situa- 
tion, about half a mile to the north, with a burying-ground attached. Upon i ho death of Rev. 
Philander Shaw, the pastor, Oct. 10, 1811, at the age of sovcnty-three,'the church and so- 
ciety ceased to exist. The building \v:is converted to .secular use. No trace of the valuable 
and ancienl church records can now be found. In 1802, according to He v. .lames Freeman, 
there was "in Eastham, not an individual, who does not belong to flic Congregational 
society." Up to 1820, there had been but one religious denomination in Eastham, but 
that year a Methodist Society was formed, and a meeting house was erected in 1821. II 
is now the only religious society in Eastham. Such an "aposlacy" from his faith, the 
Rev. Mr, Treat did not foresee. 


Mr. Treat possessed a remarkably vigorous constitution. Near the end of his life his 
health began to fail. In 171 I , Nehemiali Ilobart was employed b\ the town to assist him, 
being much disabled by sickness. A. second attack of the palsy terminated his life, March 
18, 1710 -7, to the great grief of all who knew him. lie died al the time of "the great 
snow," which fell to the depth of six. feet. The wind drilled tin; snow so badly, that the 
funeral had to be deferred a few days till an arch could be dug through some of the drifts, 
in oiiler that the body might be carried to the grave, a distance of about half a mile. 
The Indians were allowed, at their earnest request, as a token of respect foi their de- 
ceased friend, to assist in bearing the body to its place of burial. Sevall, in his Diary, 
March 28, 1716-7, makes this note: ''Am told of the death of Mr. Treat of Eastham. 
The. Lord fit roe for my Turn." Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc, p. 126,5th Series, Vol. 7. 

Mr. Treat was a man of deep piety, cheerful, good natured, a kind and loving father 
and husband, pleasant and even witty in his conversation, though a stem and consistent 
Calvinist in religion, ile was greatly beloved by his people, ami the Indians revered him 
as a father. lie is still spoken of by the old men of Eastham as ''honest Treat." The 
clergy of the day held him in high esteem ; John Cotton and Increase Mather speak of 
him in high, terms. He delivered the Plymouth Election sermon in 1678^ and the Election 
sermon, May 27, 1713, from 1's. 2: 8. A full account of Mr. Treat may be found in Sib- 
ley's Harvard Graduates, pp. 304-314, Vol. 2. 

In the old burying ground at, Eastham, near the Town (Jove, Mr. Treat's gravestone of 
slate and in good condition may stiil lie seen, bearing this inscription : 









march y e 18, 1716-17 in r E 69 year of his age. 

Recently a marble monument lias been placed over his grave by some of the descend. 
ants of Col. John Kuowles, just in front of the old slate one, and bearing on one side 
this inscription : 



And on tbv other side: 


MAR. 18, 1716. 





!\Ir. Treat received a small salary from his parishioners, and is supposed to have had 
a small compensation from the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, for his services 
among the Indians. In the latter part of his life he engaged in trade, and tc, by this means, 
with the addition of an inheritance which descended from his father, he was able to trans- 
mit a good estate to his family." His will is dated Dec. 6, 1716, — "the day of general 
thanksgiving in lliis Province." It is probable that the children of the first wife objected 
to it, as Col. John Otis, who was then Judge of Probate for Barnstable Co., decided that 
the will' was null and void. Oct. 31, 1717, Abigail Treat, widow of Mr. Treat, appeared 
in Boston before Covemor Shute and the Council, and objected to the decision of Judge 
Otis in regard to the will. After hearing the arguments on both sides, the sentence of 
the Judge was reversed, and the will was allowed to stand. No copy of the will, or the 
proceedings exists at Barnstable, or among the Massachusetts Archives. I am indebted 
to the late Robert Tn at Paine, of Broolcline, who had a copy of the will, for a few items. 
The will is quite length}'. Each of his ten children by the lir.^t wife, were to receive 5s. 
they having already received a full share, "as 1 thought meet," "as may be seen in my 
Book of Records." And "1 will that these legacies should be paid in due time, oul of 
the portion of my t stale w Inch should be judged least prejudicial to my executor." "And my 
mind is that my little son Robert should be brought up in College learning, and that my 
daughter Eunice be brought up in all the good accomplishments proper for her sex." To 
these two childien and I heir mother, he willed the remainder of his estate, but it was not 
to he divided until Roberl became of age. lie died when only seventeen years old. 

The descendants of Rev. Samuel Treat seem to have clung to the coast, for many gen- 
erations, while the Connecticut family, at an early date spread out towards the West, — 
New Jersey, New York, and Ohio. The (Jape Cod family migrated northward to Well- 
lleel, Truro, Boston, and the hanks of the Penobscot, in what was afterwards the state of 
Maine. The name is now, and has been for some years, extinct <m the Cape. From 
1713-J80G, there were many of this family settled in Boston. After the death of Capt. 
Samuel Treat in 1S0G, the name does not again appear in the Suffolk probate records till 
1871. In the Boston directories the name does not appear, after 180G, till of late years. 
There are now many of the descendants of Joseph Treat, the lirst settler \<y that name 
and son of Rev. Samuel Treat, engaged in mercantile pursuits in the city of Boston. 
Two of his descendants, by the male line, have graduated at Harvard, his son Robert hav- 
ing died while a sophomore in thai I Diversity. Many descendants by the female lines 
have graduated there. 

Probably no part of New England is so dee from poverty as Cape Cod, or looks so neat 
and thrifty in spite of its barren and sandy soil. The people are very temperate, bos- 

rqhert treat: third generation. 


pitablc and honest. They arc mostly of pure English stock, though of late years a great 
many Portuguese have settled there. 

The following autograph is found in a letter to Thomas Hinklcy, dated Dee. 26, 1687, 
printed in the Collection of the Mass. Hist. Sac, pp. 186-7, 4 series, Vol. « r >. The original 
is in the Boston Public Library. 

S&tYirJfi' 0"yj^Lh^ 

There are two entries in the Eastham records which perhaps may cause trouble in the 
future if not noticed here. In these records, which are copies of the original, still ex- 
tant at Orleans, it is stated that 

Hannah Treat married April 15, 1709, William Dyer, who settled in Truro. Tn the 
original it is Hannah S trout. 

Thomas Treat of Eastham sells land to h ; s son Samuel Freeman and his wife Marcy. 
Thomas Treat is an error for Thomas Prince. 



J 70 



Joseph Treat 

< Seal > 

The following deed relates to l:\ntl once owned by Rev. Mr. Treat in New Milford 
Conn. Tlie original is in the possession of Col. Philo B. Buckingham, of New Haven, 
Conn., who kindly sent me a copy. He has a very large and valuable collection of deeds 
and papers, some as early as 1 (137, two of them being from the Sagamores of Indians then 
inhabiting Milford : 

To all people to whom this shall come — know ye that T. Joseph Treat of Milford in the 
County of New Haven and Collony of Connecticut) in New England, for and in Consid- 
eration of Sixteen pounds and ten shillings of money in hand received weell and truly 
paid by Samuell I'mckinham unto said Joseph Treat of Milford in the County of New 11a- 
ven and Collony afore Said, 1 have Granted bargained and sold and do by these presents 
freely and absolutely Conveigh and confirm and make over unto the said Samuell Buek- 
inham, his heirs and a Sign- for Ever, a tract of land at New Milford not laid out being 
a quarter of a right twenty four Shillings purchas which was my nnekcls Samuel Treat 
Sen 1 , which fell to him by his honored father Cora 1 Rohan, Treat, being a Quarter of a 
right, at New Milford, as may appear by record, to have and to hold to him the sai 1 Buek- 
in ham, his heirs and assigns for ever, with all the privellegs and pirlenances tlieir unto 
belonging, and further I, the said Jos< ph Treat, do hind me myself, my heirs Executors and 
Administrators*, and do Covenant to and with the said Samuell Buckinhaiu, his heirs and 
asigns Executors and administrators, that J have full power and lawfull authority to Con- 
veigh the said right or land, and do nearby warrant to defend the said Samuell Buckin- 
ham, his heirs ami asigns from all people and persons that shall lay any lawfull claim 
their unto in a Quiet and peasable Possesion their of. In witness 1 have hcare unto set 
my hand and Seal, this 21 s< day of Aprill 1718 in the forth year of the reign of our Sov- 
crain King George of Croat Britain trance and Ireland Defender of the faith. 

Signed Sealed and delivered") 

iu presents of us 1 T ,_ -n , dun 

Richard Piatt 

David Gibson 

Joseph Treat J mi' the Subscriber 
Hear of personally apearcd and 
acknowledged this Instrument to he 
His voluntary aett and Deed before 
me in Milford Aprill 21 st 1718. 

Joseph Treat Justice of the P. 

Rev. Mr. Treat, was remembered in his father's will, cited on page 162. The following 
is the deed referred to: 

Be it known to all people that I, Robert Treat Sen 1 ' of the Town of Milford in the county 
of New Haven, in the Colony of Conecticott in America, have & by these presents do 
persuant to a \)rv<] of Gift many years since given by me the above s' 1 Robert Treat Sen 1 ' 
to my son Samuel. v\ cl1 s' 1 Deed of Gift contained the Sum & Value of two hundred pounds 
in Lands; pursuant therefore and in performance of s 1 ' Deed of Gift to him, 1 the above 
s" Robert Treat Sen' of the town and County above a' 1 Have A: by these presents doe fully, 
freely & absolutely Give, giant, alienate, make over to my S d Son Samuel Treat & his 
heirs forever, the s d following. Tracts and parcells of Land & Housings, or Incumbent 
Privilidges thereupon or thereto belonging, lying & being in the Township of Milford in 
the Comity of Now Haven as above s d . 

Imprimis. 1 do give fully a. freeh Grant to my aboves d Son Samuel Treat my Homelott, 
which I now possess, as it is bounded by the Highways on one side and one end, and my 
son Joseph's Division of s' 1 ancient, Homelott, which 1 gave to him and as the fence now 
stands, and on the Masterly end bounded by a Divident Line hit. ween my Homelott and 
the Land 1 gave to my Son Robert Treat, alt the further end of my now orchard, all 
which Land so anelosed together with my now dwelling house, housing, and Barn or all 
and any other of buildings, fences. Yards, Gardens, fruit, trees and all and every of the in- 
cumbent I'riviliges belonging thereto; together with a certain part ami parcel ol my an- 
cient Homelott, lying at the farther end of my ancient Lott, at \' end of the Line, partly 


on this side but cheifiy on the otlior side of Ilia Brook riming sometimes thro' it, the 
which I have always reserved for myself, together with all the Incumbent Privi lodges to 
this whole Homestead, I have & Hereby give and fully and freely grant it confirm to my 
s d Son Samuel Treat minister of the Gospel, Resident at Kastham in the county of Barns- 
table, in the Province of Massachusetts, to him & to his Heirs to have & to hold forever 
without any Lett or molestation by, from, or under me. 

Item. I do give fully & freely grant to my above s d Son Samuel Treat, twenty acres 
of Upland lying & being in the Stubbing plain, lying on the hithcrmost side of y c Plain. 
Thirteen acres of Upland lying & being bounded as followelh with y p Comon Rhoad on 
the Westerly, and riming from y e Brook and y n Divident Line between Deacon Plait and 
myself. Northerly along the fence and Countrey highway toy ancient Gate or Pans that 
leit and lead intoy c fence y' is divident line between my Land & y° Land I gave to tny 
Son Joseph Trial, lying on- y' other side of y' s° Path, and to s d Land ranging Easterly' 

toon Josepli ireat lying on- y oilier sine 01 y s u l'nin, and to s u J. and ranging liastcriy 
as s' 1 Pathway ranges to y 1 ' head of y e Meadow, on Southerly side ranging along Easterly 
by the Divident Line between my Land and Deacon Piatt's Land and fence to y 1 ' head of 
1113' Meadow. 

Item. Seven acres more of Upland lying and being att y c farther or Eastward end 
of my son Joseph's Land, ranging att y e Northerly end of s d Land from a little run of 
Water isuing intt.o the head of y L ' meadow up as Joseph's Easterly end and Ditch 
rangeth to n quick & living hush fence, reserving a sufficient pathway by the side of this 

„ c , :..*~ +1... 1, i ..1 „ *l.~ ~..:..u t- ■ . 1... i.>'.* , 


range for pas age into the land above the quick & living hush fence, and so rangii., 
along as the living hush fence rangeth, in a straight line Easterly to y l middle of'y'' Gul- 
lee or Valley, being the Westerly bounds of my son Joseph's Land ail y e lower end of y e 
neck, and so ranging att \< Easterly end as y c G-ullee or Valley runs down to y e Meadow 
side or pathway that passes along and over to Joseph's Land, and so ranging along the 
Meadow side allowing a sufficient pathway to the fust bounds alt a little Hun that issues 
into y e meadow, and an apple tree standing near s' 1 Run. The above s' 1 Upland as it is 
hounded together with all the privilidges as Wood, Timber, Messuage, fences of all sorts, 
I do fully and freely give and Grant to my s' 1 Son Samuel Treat, to him and to his heirs 
to have and to hold forever. 

Item. I do give and fully and freely grant to my above s' 1 Son Samuel Treat, Six 
acres of meadow in the Plain hounded and hutted as followetb ; Viz. riming from the 
head or Westi rly point of my Meadow along as the Creek runs to y r middle of y c Creek, 
.ml so riming and ranging as y 1 ' Creek runs Easterly, to a Stake Sett up by y e Creek 
ide w' 1 ' stake stands on the Easterly side of a great Corner of Salt niai ish grass, it so 
.'lining from s' 1 stake Northerly to a young Oak tree mark' on two sides, standing alone 
on a small island not fair from \ •' path, ranging thro \" neck and so from s' 1 Tree or path 
ranging Westerly along y° side of y c Upland next above specified, till y e head of y e 
Meadow first specified. This above s d Tract of Marish Meadow or mowable ground, to- 
gether with y' Growth. Messuage, Waters, Creeks, Appurtenances and Priviledges what- 
soever, J do fully and freely give giant Confirm to my s d Son Samuel Treat, him & his 
heirs forever, to have and to hold it and all it singular y 1 ' Privilidges forever. 

Pern. ] do fully freely giant confirm to my above s d Son Samuel Treat, ten acres of 
Upland Meadow or Mowable Ground, lying and being in a place couTonly known by y r 
name of y 1 ' Uare.ncek, being bounded as followelh, on the Westerly side ranging from the 
Highway along by Mr. Prudden's Land down to y e Harbour, on the North Easterly end, 
being bounded by y" Comon highway ranging the Ditch and Fence to a Stone sell up by 
y e Ditch foi an Easterly corner bounds, and so ranging from s' 1 Stone Southwesterly to a 
Stake in the Meadow, and so to y' point of y'' Beech and thence into y° Harbour. ' This 
above s' 1 Tract of Upland, Marish meadow or mowable grounds together with all y' ap- 
purtenances privilidges thereto belonging, now or hereafter, I the above s' 1 Don' do fully 
freely give absolutely, grant, confirm to my above s' 1 Son Samuel Treat, to him and his 
heirs, to have and hold forever. 

Item. 1 do give fully and freely grant, confirm to my s' 1 Son Samuel Treat of Eastham, 
one third part, of my division of Land lying on or about the Hill in the Indian side lying 
on y' Westerly side of my s' 1 Lam! there, lie it more or less, as it is bounded in y'' [took 
of Records, together with all the Wood, Timber, Messuage, or whatsoever Privilidges do 



ov sha.ll appertain y* to, I do Fully freely give grant confirm it to my above S' 1 Son Sam" 
Treat of Eastham, to him and Lo iiis Heirs to have and to hold forever. 

Item. I do give fully and freely grant confirm to my s' 1 Son Sam" Treat of Eastliain, 
one half part of all my Lands J now Possess at y place called Pagussett Hill, to be 
equally divided both for Quantity and Quality, the which one half part of S' 1 Land 1 do 
fully freely absolutely give grant and confirm to my above s d Son Sam" Treat, to him 
his Heirs lo have and to hold forever. 

Item. I do fully freely give grant confirm to my s' 1 Son Samuel Treat, one half part 
of my Division and Alloltment of laud lying all, a place coTnonly called y" Town plain, as 
may be seen bounded in the Records of old Millbrd, the Land being equally divided for 
Quantity and Quality into two pails. The one half 1 do give, to 1113 above s' 1 Son, to him 
and his heirs to have and to hold forever, together with all y c Privilidges thereunto be- 

Item. I do further fully freely give giant confirm to my .s' 1 Son Samuel Treat, a full 
proportion of CoTTfons and CoTiTonuge y' J have, or ought to have, in the Township of Old 
Millbrd, and all and singular the Couion privilidges and benefits thereof, to him, his Heirs 
to have and to hold foicver. 

All these above mentioned Tract or Tracts, Parcells or Several! Parcells of Upland 
Meadow, Ground, Houses, Housing, fruit trees and fences, "Waters, Creeks, "Wood, Tin 
her, Growth, Messuage and all y" singular Privilidges, Benefitts that do, or that sha, 
hereafter belong and appertain hereto, I have and by these presents do truly fully freely 
and absolutely give grant alienate confirm ami settle upon my above s' ! Son Samuel Treat, 
Preacher of God's word a tt Eastham above s' 1 , lo him his heirs Executors and assigns, 
to have and to hold forever as a true lawful Estate of Inheritance in Fee Simple, treed 
from any Debts, Mortgages, Alienations or any manner of Incumberences whatsoever, arid 
do give him full powei strength and authority to make Record of y" whole and every par- 
cel thereof in the office of any Public Notary whatsoever. Noting that these grants and 
Donations toy" above s' 1 Grantee to take place at my Decease and not before. To the 
true prcformance of all the above Articles of Donation, L have and do sett my hand and. 
affix my seal this fifth day of August in the year of our Salvation one thousand seven 
hundred and seven : and the sixth year of our Sovereign Lady Ann of Great Brittain, 
France and Ireland, Queen Defender of y e Faith. 

Noting my son Joseph shall have liberty to come to y e Brook att y° head of y 1 ' Meadow 

in Stubbing Plain against, his ovwi Land. 

Signed Sealed and Delivered 

in presence of us 

Bethuol Laiigslall Robert Treat Sen 1 ' & Seal j Seal. \ 

Samuel ITine. 

This (',»' of August 1707 Coll. Robert Treat 
the doner herein mentioned appeared personally 
before we and acknowledged this Instrument to 
be his free & voluntary act and Deed. 

Before me Thomas Clark, Justice 
of y'-' Peace. 


August v e ( J ,h 


Jon 01 Law, Reg. 

Children, born in Eastham, by his first marriage: 

10. iTank, 4 b. Pec. G, 1075; d. Sept. 1, 1720; in. Oct. 11, lf.'Jt, Constant Freeman. 

11. Elizabeth, b. July 24, t'JTtt; d. March 3, 1755; 111. about 1095, Jabez Snow. 
1«. Sauah, I), .tune 20, IC7H; d. Sept. 26, 172S; m. Dec. 10, 1700, Thomas Rogers. 

13. Samukl, 1). July—, 1(580; d. Oct. 23, 1733; in., 1st, Oct. 27, 170S, Joanna Viokeryj 2d, 

July 2G, 1721, Mrs. Mary (Scars) Street.. 
14.. Maky, b. March It;, 1CS2; d. Jan. t, 1722-3; m. Dec. 10, 1700, Dca. John Rich. 

robeet treat: third generation. 170 

15. Robert, b. Feb. 24, 1683-4 ; d. April SO, 1701, of a fever; buried next day. 

16. Abigail, b. June 13, 1686; d. ■ ; m. Oct. 7, 1708, Richard Slovens. 

17. Joseph, b. Nov. 19, 1690 ; d. Feb. —, 1750; in., 1st, June 25, 1713, Mary Larkin; 2d, Dee. 

8, 1712, Mrs. Sariili Mary (Seward) Far r. 

18. Joshua, b. March 17, 1692; d. Nov. r>, lir.a ; m. about 1720 (pub, Marcli 19, 1710-20), 
Mercy Iliggins, who was b. March 20, 1(11)7, and dan. of Isaac and Lydia Higgins 
of Eastham. Mr. Treat was one of tlie proprietors of Eastliam, and also owned prop- 
erty in Harwich. lie was a tithing man in 1735, an honorable office ill those days. 
lie was probably a.farmer, though doubtless engaged in other occupations. Had no chil- 
dren, so far as known, and was buried in the old burying ground at Orleans, South East- 
ham, previous to 1707. The gravestone is still standing, the only <mc in the yard 
erected, to the memory of a Treat. IlLs will is dated Dec. 2u, 1751, and probated 
Dec. 4, 1753. Inventory £330 3s. 0d., including £22-1. 8s. 0d., in real estate in East- 
ham and Harwich. In Ids will he mentions his brother John Treat,— but no other 
brother or sister, — several cousins, meaning by that word nephews and nieces, 
and some relatives. His widow, Mercy, m. Nov. 28, 1754, for her second husband, 
Joint 5 Paine, of Eastham, h. Sept. 18, 1690; d. Nov. — , 1771. ami son of John 3 and Ben- 
nit (Freeman) Paine, His nephews who gathered statistics about the family in 1806, 
were informed l;.\ a paternal aunt that John 4 Paine was married three limes, but they 
did not. give the names of ids wives. A John Paine m., iu 1743 (pub. Oct. 20. 171".), 
Mrs. Thankful Linuell. The record presents a little difficulty about the marriage of 
Mr. Paine with the widow of Joshua Treat. The marriage intention of John Paine 
and Mrs. Matey Treat is recorded Oct. 2G, 1754; his marriage with .Mrs. Mary Treat is 
recorded Nov. 28, 1754. The name Mary is doubtless a clerical error for Mercy, or 
Marcy, as the word was pronounced and generally spelled in those times. To add to 
the confusion, Jetliah Lombard in. May 17, 1 757. Mercy Treat, in Eastham, but she 
was a dau. of John Treat. The Proprietors' Uook of Records contains the following 
in regard to Mr. Treat: 

"Granted to sd. Joshua Treat his heirs & assigns forever a parcel of sd. proprietors 
common & undevided land lying In the southerly part of sd. Eastham, on the easterly 
side of the sheep Pond, bounded viz : beginning at a stone set in the ground in the range 
of his former land at the end of the swamp near his dwelling house, thence three poles 
easterly to a stone set in the ground by the way, thence southerly by the way to it 
stone set in the ground by the wayside, thence westerly about two poles to the pond, 
taking in all the hind between the way & the pond & his other land, leaving a conven- 
ient watering place." 

The location of Joshua Treat's house can slid he pointed out at Orleans. 
10. Jouw b. May !7, 1693; d. about 1762: m. Dec. 6, 17 HI, Abigail Young. 

20. Nathaniel, b April 15, 1694; d. about 1735; in. Oct. S, 1710, Mary Lyon. 
By his second marriage : 

21. EUKICE, b. Sept. 27, 1701; d. Oct. 17, 1717; m. April 21, 1721, Rev. Thomas Paine. 

22. EouieiiT, b. Jan. 21, 1706-7; d. Jan. 15, 1723-4, aged 17. of a fmer, while a sophomore at 
Harvard College, The diary of Kc\ . Thomas Paine contains the following entries ; 

"172?. April 28. My Brother Robert Treat, who tarried with us, put his shoulder 
out of joint by a fall from a lice. 20. His shoulder was set by Mr. Sergeant." 

"May 27. My Mother Treat, came i brought Brother Robert to live with us and he 
under my Tuition." 

3 Mai. O'olarT 1 Treat {Robert* Richard 1 ), born , 1650; baptized Oct. 20, 1650, 

in Milford, Conn. ; died Aug. 1, 1714, in Newark, Is'. J. ; married, first, •, Abigail 

Ticiir.xon, of Newark, born Feb. 1, 1654 (1654-5), in New Haven, Conn., died April I, 
1713, in Newark, and daughter of Martin and Mary (Charles) Tichenor, orTiehcnel, who ac- 
cording to tradition came IVoin France ; second, , Maky , who died Sopl. 1(1, 1731, 

in Newark. John Treat was one- of Hie lirst settlers in Newark, having come there with his 

180 kohert treat: third gekkration. 

father, and a very prominent man. Lot No. 31, on the town plan, fell to him when the draw- 
ing look place May 2G, 1C73. He was a justice of Iho peace at a court of sessions held at 
Elizabethtown, March 12, 1700; a representative of Essex County in the Assembly in 
170!), when one of the qualifications was the possession of 1000 acres, and £500 in per- 
sonal estate; was presiding judge in court in 1712. The town patent, or charter was 
granted April 27, 1713, by Queen Anne lo John Treat and others, and the same year he 
was chosen major. The early Newark records were destroyed by fire, so that names and 
dates in soup' eases cannot be furnished. Mr. Treat's will is at the surrogate's office in 
Trent,":, N. .1. It is dated July B0, 171-1 ; probated Oct. G, 1714 ; and the inventory was 
to be exhibited Dec. G, 1714. To his daughter Sarah Crane, and her heirs forever, he 
wilbd all his ieal and half of his persona! estate. His wife Mary was to enjoy (lie im- 
provements of his homestead, houses, barns, wood lot, and sail meadow, and half of his 
personal estate, so long as she remained bis widow, and "no longer." Azariah Crane, 
Nathan Wheeler and ( Seorge Hamsson were the witnesses. See the Collections of the New 
Jersej Historical Society, Vol. 6, and the supplement to Vol. C ; Stearns' Hist. Disc, re- 
lating to the First Presbyterian church in Newark. 

The iii me of John Tn at's first wife is erroneously called Sarah Ticheuor in the supple- 
ment jinl mentioned, p. \?>6. The site of a part of the old burying ground was desired 
for business purposes, so the bodies were removed elsewhere, and buildings erected. 
The old gravestones now lie, in a heap in a part of the cemetery and are going to decay. 
Among the number are. the following : 





LIFE AUG' Y E 1 st 171 L 

"Here lies ye body of Mrs. Abigail Treat, wife of John Treat, Esq., who departed this 

life April ye 1st, 1710. in ye 59th year of her age." 

"Here lyes ye body of Mrs. Mary Treat deceased Sept. ye lGth, 1731, in ye 78th year 
of her age." 

Daughter born in Newark, by bis first marriage : 

Z'i. Sahak, 4 !j. ; d. after June 2."., 17-il ; in. , Jonathan Crane. 

4- Mary 3 Treat (liobcrl* RicJianl 1 ), born May 1, 1G52, in Milford, Conn.; died 
Nov. 12, 1701, in her fifty-fifth year (gravestone, Newark, N. J.), which must be an error 

for fifty- lhree, # iiistc ad of fifty-five ; man ied , Dca. -\ zahiah Ckane of Newark, N. J., 

who died No\ . 5, 1730, in his eighty-third year (gravestone), lie removed to Newark from 
Connecticut in 107!, and resided on the home lot of his father-in-law, Robert Treat, on the 
southeast corner of Market and Broad streets, lie was grand juror in 1070: constable 
in 1082 ; chosen deacon in 1680, or 1GS1, and deputy in 1C9-1 and 1G95. He Left ins sil- 
ver bowl "to be used for the service of God forever" in tiie church at Newark. 1 1 is sons 
Nathaniel and Azariah, obtained a large tract of land at tin' foot of the mountain, called 
Crane Town, now West Bloouifield. Robert Treat in a letter to Fitz John Winthrop, da- 
ted at Milford, Conn , Dee. 1, 1701, speaks of late, deaths in Newark, and among them 
mentions that of '-a daughter & grauson Crane." Mass. Hist. Coll., Gth Series, Vol. hi, 
Winthrop papers, Part v, p. -72. 


Children of Deacon Azariah and Mary Crane, born in Newark, N. .1. : 

24. N.itiiami'.i.,' b. ; d. ; m. , Elizabeth Gibson. Had children : 

1. William,'' d. unm. 

2. Noah, b. i7Ja. 

3. Nathaniel. 

4. Elizabeth, in. ■ Young. 

5. .lane, id. Smith. 

C. Abigail, in. Richards. 

23. Azariah, b. ; d. — ; in. . Had: 

1. Azariah, d. 1752. 

2. Job. 

;;. Gamaliel. 

i. Kzekiel. 

5. Isaiah. 

6. Moses. 

7. Stephen. 

20. Boiieiit, b. about 108+; d. July 14, 1755, aged 71; m. . Had: 

1. Timothy, d. i'eb. 22, 1786, aged CO. 

2. Isaac. .""" 
;!. Jonah, d. Jan. 18,1774, inhis'42d year. 

4. Mary, m. David (Hayes?). 

5. rhebe. 

6. Eydia, in. Timothy Brucn. 

27. Jane, b. about 10SC; d Sept. 12, 1711, aged about 53 years (gravestone, Newark 1 ) ; m. 

, John Richards, who d. March )G, 1718, aged 61 (gravestone). Their son : 

1. Muses, d. March 14, !74J-{;, in Ids 27 tli year (gravestone, Newark). 
23. John, b. about ! fiJo ; d. Sept. 5, 1770, aged SI ; m. , Hannah . Was appointed 

trustee of the First Presbyterian church in Newark, in 17.73. Had : 

1. Jonas, a minor in 1770. 

2. Samuel. 

3. John. 

4. Sarah. 

6. Eliakim. 
G. ilias. 

7. Matthias. 
8 Benjamin. 

29. MaKY, b. ; d. ; m. ■ 

Aug..", ] (.•"!• ; brother Rohert Treat was admitted July 21, 1089 ; his second wife Abigai 
was admitted Hay 1, 1G94. He was a farmer. Administration on his estate was granted 
to liis widow Abigail May 1, 1721. 

Children, born and baptized in the First church, -Mil ford : 
By his first marriage : 

30. Em7 u'ei-h,' l>. about H>79; bapt. Sept. It, 1G70; d. ■ . 

81. Jam'., Ij. about 1G81; bapt. Jan. 30, 1C81 ; (I. — - — . 
By his second marriage : 


32. Robert, b. about 1G05 ; bapt. Jan. c, 1G91-5; d. Sept. 1C, 1770; m. ..Tune Lang- 


33. Samukl, b. abonl 1007; bapt. Nov. 28, 1G97; d. April 2S, 1753; m. , Anna Clark. 

34. Jonathan, b. March 17, 1701; bapt. March 23, 1701 ; d. May 31, 1770; m., 1st, , 

Marllia Clark; second , Anna Tibbills. 

3!j. Abigail, b. about 170-1; bapt. June 11, 1704; d. Nov. 2, 1775; in. June 1G, 172G, Rev. 
Jedediali Mill.-'. 

7 AbigaiP Treat {Robert? Richard*), born about 1660, in Milford, Conn.; died 

Dec. 25, 17^7, in her sixty-eighth year (gravestone, Milford) ; married ■ , Rev. Sam- 

uei. 3 Anukkw, 1 of Milford, born Jan. 29, 1655-6, in Cambridge, Mass., died Jan. 24, 
1737-8, in Milford, lacking five days of being eighty-two years old, as stated on his grave- 
stone, and son of Samuel and Elizabeth (White) Andrew, of Cambridge. His name is 
variously spelled Andrew, Andrews, Andros, etc., but he always spelled it Andrew. For 
his second wife lie married , Abigail , who died Sept. IS, 17-12, in her seventy- 
seventh year (gravestone, Milford). No issue. His first wife, Abigail Treat, was ad- 
mitted to full communion in the church at Milford, June 28, 1G91. Mr. Andrew gradu- 
ated at Harvard in 1675; was chosen fellow Oct. 8, iG79; appointed proctor in 1081 ; 
and was connected with the college as fellow or In lor as late as July, 1684. He was ordained 
at Milford, Nov. 15. 1685, and was pastor of the church for more than fifty years. The 
town grunted him March 4, 1685, eight acres of land in Elders 1 or Great Meadow, pro- 
vided he settled with them, two by John Newton's lot, ten near the Mill river, four at the 
west end for pasture, and eight on the northeast side of Merwin's swamp. Other land 
was grunted after he settled. His salary was £100, to be paid in provisions, and £12 for 
wood. This was increased to £150 in 1710. (See Lambert, p. 103.) He was greatly be- 
loved by his people, whom he united, having healed the divisions that existed previously. 
May 19, 16S6, he was admitted a freeman of Connecticut. Oct., 1G87, the General 
Court granted him two hundred acres of land. lie was one of the principal ministers of 
Connecticut who, in 1699, were nominated as trustees of Yale college. After the death 
of the rector, Abraham Pierson, March 5, 1707, he was chosen rector pro tempore of the 
college. Oct. 1 7, 1716, the college was moved permanently to New Haven, and took the 
name of Yale. He still continued to be rector pro tempore till 1719, when Rev. Timothy 
Cutler, who married his daughter Elizabeth, was chosen resident rector. Mr. Andrew 
was one of the best scholars of his time, and a member of the Saybrook Synod in 1708, 
when the Saybrook Platform was enacted. (See Sibley's Biographical Sketches of Grad- 
uates of Harvard University, pp. 457-462, Vol. II.) His will was dated June 1, 1736; 
probated Feb. 15, 1737-8. Jonathan Law and Andrew Durand were executors. 

Children of Rev. Samuel and Abigail Andrew, born in Milford: 

30. Anic,AiL, 4 b. ; bapt. Jan. 29, 1C86; d. Sept. 25, 1724; m. Aug. 1, 170G, Jonathan 


1 W'ii liam 1 Akdrkw, b. , in England; d. . 1C52, in Cambridge, Mass.; in., 1st, Mary 

— , win. d. Jan. 10, 1G30 -40; 2d, iibout Aug., 1640, widow Reana James, of Watertown, .Mass.; 

was a mariner, and in Cambridge as early as 1034; was constable 1G35-40. Had one child : 

Samukl' Akdiikw, b. about 1C21, in England ; d. June 21, 1701, ng< .1 an. mi SO (g. .s., Cambridge) ; 
in. Sept. 22, ]C.r>2, Elizabeth White, who d. Jan. 24, Hiss (10S7-8, g. s.). Was n mariner like 
his father, and inherited the Cambridge homestead. Was constable IGGG; selectman K1S1-93; town 
Clerk KIS2-93; town treasurer 1G94-1G09; county treasurer 1G83-1700. Had nine children, six sons 
and three daughters. His son: 

Samuki. 3 Akuubw, b. Jan. 20, LG5j-6j in. Abir/ail Trent, as nbovi 


37. Samuel, b. ; bapt. Oct. It, 1G38; d. April 20, 1728; m. ]>.■<•. 9, 1719, Eunice Hall. 

38., b. ; bapt. June 29, 1690; d. Sept. 12, 1771; m. March 21, 1710-1, Kev. 

Timothy Cutler. 

39. William, b. ; bapt. May 8, 1G92; ci. . 

40. John, b. ; bapt. July 22, 1G94 ; d. Dec.-. 25, 1711. 

41. JaXK, It. i ns t _ . I h: M' ( . -Tan. 24, 169G; d. Feb. 1, 169G. 

42. Mary, J ' ' ' \bapt. Jan. 24, 169G; d. ,1778; in. , Samuel Clark. 

43. Jane, b. ; bapt. April 1G, 1699; <l. ; m. , Andrew Dunuid. 

44. Jonathan, b. ■ ; bapt. Aug. 24,1701; d. Sept. (obscure), 1730, in Ins 3Sth year 

(g. s., Milford); m. Jan. 5, 1727, Elizabeth Smith. Will dated Sept. 7, 1739; probated 
Nov. 12, 173U. Gives to wife Elizabeth, eldest son Jonathan, and daughters Elizabeth, 
Abigail and Mary, £100 each. Remainder of the estate to sons Jonathan, Samuel 
and William. Children born and baptized in Milford: 

1. Elizabeth 5 Andrew, b. ; bapt. Sept., 172S; d. ; m. , Isaac 

Clark, son of Thomas Clark, for his first wife. 

2. Jonathan Andrew, b. ; bapt. Oct., 17U0; d. ; m. April 20, 175s, Eu- 

nice Baldwin. 

3. Abigail Andrew, b. ; bapt. March, 1732; d. ; m. April 10, 1735, 

Ebenezer Buckingham, son of Samuel Buckingham. 

4. Samuel Andrew, b. ; bapt. , 17;(l. 

5. Mary Andrew •> r bapt. Nov. 28, 1736. 

,,,.,,. . , Vtwms. b. Nov. 20, 17.".r,;- , T „_ „ . 
U. William Andrew.! ' I. bapt. Nov. 2S, 1736; d. ; m. 

, Esther , who d. Feb. 15, 17S7, aged 4a (g. s., Milford). 

45. Hannah, 4 b. ; bapt. Nov. 19,1701; d. ; m. , Join. Woodruff. Chil- 

dren bapt. May, 1735, in the First church, Milford: 

1. Hannah' Woodruff, b. ; d, ; m, Stephen Piatt, son of Joseph Piatt. 

2. John Woodruff b. ; d. ; m. March 13, 1757, Hannah Lambert. 

3. Samuel Woodruff, b. ; d. . 

4. David Woodruff, b. , 1733; d. Dee. 31, 17.sC,, in Oxford, Conn.; m. .Es- 

ther Clark. 

8 Harmall 3 Treat (Robert* Richard 1 ), born Jan. 1, 1660-1, in Milford, Conn.; 
died March 3, 1707-8 (gravestone, Windsor, Conn.) ; married , Rev. Samuel Ma- 
ther, born July 5, K>50, in Dorchester, Mass., died March IS, 1727-S, aged seventy-seven 
(gravestone in Windsor), and son of Timothy Mather, of Dorchester, who was bom in Eng- 
land in 1628, died Jan. 14, 1084, and grandson of the Rev. Richard Mather, who was born 
in 1596, at Winwiek, County of Lancaster, England. Rev. Mr. Mather graduated at Har- 
vard in 1671. He preached in Deerfield, and after its destruction by the Indians in 1675, 
went lo Hatfield, thence to Branford, Conn., whence he was called to Windsor, Conn., 
— having previously declined a settlement at Milford in 1G78, — the church there having 
voted unanimously in March, 1681, to invite him to be their pastor with n salary of €100. 
In July following the town voted to have the town house finished and ready in ease he 
accepted, and also lo give him £100 and the use of the house and land. In 1G8"_', he was 
ordained over the church there, where he remained till his death. His health was early 
broken down, and. he was bedridden many years before he died. He was one of the origi- 
nal trustees of Yale College, chosen in IGflfJ, but does not appear to have taken any 
active part in its formation. (See Sibley's Biog. Sketches of Graduates of II. [J., pp. 
364-368, Vol. :.'.; Mather Genealogy.) 

Children of Rev. Samuel and Hannah Mather, the first and second born in Branford, 
the others in Windsor ; 

4b. Samukl, 4 b. , 1077; d. Feb. G, 1745-0, aged OS (g. s., Windsor); m., 1st, April 13, 

1701, Abigail Grant; 2d, May IB, 1723, Hannah liutkland. 



■17. Jon.-., b. ; d. you.m;. 

48. Ifw.wui, b. Sept. — , 1GS2 ; d. , 1G83. 

50. Azauiah, b. Aug. 20, los;, ; ,1. Feb. 11, 1736-7, in his 52d year, at Saybrook, Conn.; m. 

Dec. 5, 1710, Martha Taylor. He grad. at Valcin 170.".; was tutor of the College at 
Saybrook in 1709 j was ordained pastor of the church at Saybrook, Nov. 22, 1710; an;! 
dismissed in 17:1'-'. He was a fine linguist, and an able divine. His wife, a son and 
four daughters survived him. 

51. Eub.nkzek, b. Sept, 3, 1G87 ; d. April 18, — . 

b2. Josm'H, b. March 6, 1G88-S9; d. Nov. 17, 1717; in. .Elizabeth Stoughton, it. is 


53. Ei.ikahetii, 0. Jan. 12, 1G91 ; cl. Jan. 17, 1(100. 

54. N\n:.\-ci,x, b. May 30, 1005; d. May 20, 1748; in. Jan. 21, 1721. Mrs. Ruth Terry, who 

(!. May 0, 1 7-10, aged 50. Hcgraduated ai Yale in 1715, and was ordained May 22, 1728, 
at Aquebogue now Jaun spoil, a parish in Uivcrhead, Suffolk Co., Long Island, where 
he remained till his death. He left as heirs two sons, one of them under age: In- 
crease and Ebenezer. 

55. Ben.tamin, b. Sept. 20, 1696; d. . 

50. John, b. Sept. 22, 1698; d. . 

9 Capt. Joseph 3 Treat (Robert* Richard}), born Sept. 17, 16G2, in Milford, Conn., 

died An;/. !), 1721, in his fifty ninth year (gravestone, Milford); married, first, , 

Fn&KCtis Bryan, born Feb. 13, 16G8, died Sept. 21, 1703, in Iter thirty-sixth year (grave- 
stone, Milford), and daughter of Richard and Mary (Pantry) Bryan, of Grassy Hill, Milford, 
who came from England with his father Alexander Bryan ; second, by his father, Nov. 8, 
1705, Mrs. JCi.iz.ii'i.!!< Mkrwin. who died Jan. 10, 171 5-6. The headstone to her grave 
is illegible, b'Jt the letters E. T. on the footstone are plain. In Oct., 1 (>9S, he was pro- 
moted from a sergeant to be ensign of I he first train bam' in Milford, in 1701 was lieutenant, 
and in 1708 was captain, lie was a man of bravery and tendered good service in the Indian 
troubles. From 1707 to 170-;, lie served as deputy for Milford, and was justice of the 
peace for New Haven County from 1702-1710. He was one of the original proprietors 
of V, iantanuck, afterwards called New Milford, and in 1700, was appointed by the Gene- 
ra! Court one o! the commissioners to regulate this township which had just been incor- 
porated, lie and his wife Frances were admitted to full communion March 31, 1700. 
Administration on his estate was granted Sept.. 20, 172), to his sons, Joseph and John, 
lie was a farmer. 
Children, born and baptized in Milford, by his first marriage: 

57. Fhasces, 4 b. Dee. 10, 1G90; bapt. March 31, 1700; d. Oct. 7, 1703. 
158. Joskpii, b. March 21, 1C93; bapt. March 31, 1700; d. May, 1772; in., 1st, June 0, 1720, 

Hannah FSuekiugham ; 2d, Sept. 20, 1731, Clemence Buckingham. 
f;9. Ass, !'. Jan. 30, lG9u; bapt, March 31, 1700; d. Dec. 31, 1720; in. Sept. 25, 1718, Miles 
00. John, b. Dee. 24, 1007; bapt, March 3i, 1700; d. Nov. 20, 1720, in Ins 20th year (g. s., 
Milford) ; unm. His v.'i'l was presented for probate Dec. 12, 1720, by his brother Jo- 
seph, but was refused by the Court as no witnesses were appended. The case was 
appealed and administration was granted on bond of £500. 
61. Sarah, b, June G, 1000, bapt, March 31, 1700; d. Nov. 12, 1748; m. March 15, 1721-2, 
Richard Bryan. 

02. Jank, b. Sept. 11, 1702; bapt Sept. 13, 1702; cl. Nov. 12, 1720, in her 22d year (g. S., 

Milford), where she is called Mrs. Jean Treat. The title of Mrs. was sometimes given 
to unmarried persons in those times. Iter will was approved for record Dec. 27, 
1723, and administration granted to her brother Joseph Treat. 

03. Jamks. b. Sept. — , 1705; bapt. Sept, 21, 1705; d. Jan. — , 1705-0. 


By his second marriage : 

04. Ricfiahd, b. Sept. 28, 1708; bapt. Oct. 3, 1708; d. Nov. 29, 177S; m., 1st, May 24, 173::, 
Marj Thomas; 2d, , Mrs. Rebecca Leech. 

65. Edmund, b. Nov. 20, 1710; bapt. Nov. 26, 1710; d. Sept. 22, 1801; m., 1st, , Alice 

Buckingham; 2d, May 8, 17SG, Elizabeth Oviatt. 

66. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 12, 1712; bapt. Dec. 14, 1712; d. ; in. Sept. 2-, 173G, James 


67. Samwkl, b. Aug. 13, 1714; bapt. (no record) ; <1. ; in., 1st, Oct. 2C, 1743, Beulah 

Jennings; 2d. , Mehetable . 

68. Stbphbn, b. Oct. 10, 1715; bapt. Oct. 1G, 1715; d. Nov. 13, 1794; m., 1st, June 12, 174G, 

Miriam Clark; 2d, Dec. U, 175G, Mrs. Mercy Brousou. 



10 Jane 1 Treat (Samuel. 3 Robert,* RicJuml 1 ), born Dec. 0, 1075, in Eastham, Mass. ; 
died Sept. 1, 1729, aged fifty-Pom- (gravestone, North Truro, Mass.) ; married Oct. 11, IG94, 
Constant 3 Fkeksian, 1 of Eastham, born March 31, ]6<!9, died Junes, 1715 (gravestone, 
North Truro), and sou of Dea. Samuel Freeman, of Eastham. l\Ir. Freeman was one of 
the proprietors of Pamet, incorporated under the name of Truro, Jul}' 16, 170", to 
which place he moved in 1705, his grandfather Southworth having given him one-six- 
teenth part of the township. At the laying out of the meadows on Pamet river, June 17. 
1703, a lot was assigned to him, as well as other lands. Meanwhile he surrendered to his 
brother Samuel all claim to his father's estate, as a compensation for taking- care of him in 
bis old age. lie was chosen the first treasurer of the town of Truro, Aug. 1, 1709, which 
otliee he held for one year, jn 1715, lie was chosen representative to the Genera! Court, 
a nd was one of the selectmen for seven years. Was a very prominent citizen, and often 
chose)', moderator at the town meetings. Was also a captain in the militia. Nov. 5, 
1711, he was one of the seven who united with Rev. John Avery in forming thechurch at 
Truro. Jan., 1718, he was chosen one of the deacons, which office h< held till J an. 11, 
1727, when he was chosen one of the ruling elders, and was ordained March 25, 1 72S. hi 
1721, he paid £5 10s. — the highest sum paid— for a pew in the new meetinghouse, the 
first pew "at the right lunulas you go in at the door. 1 ' His will is dated March 7, 1744-5 ; 
probated Nov. 12, 1745. Mentions all his children except Jane who died an infant in 
1698. The late Rev. Frederick Freeman published a history of the Freeman family 

which, though not complete as to this branch, has ben\ of much service to inc. 

Children of Constant and Jane Freeman, the first nine born in Eastham, the two young- 
est born and baptized in Truro: 

Oi). KoiiEUV b. (Uig. 12, 1G9C; d. Sept. 27, 1755; in. April 5, 1722, Mary Paine. 

70. Danic, b. Sept. 20, 1097; tl. Fob. 13, 109S. 

71, Jane, b. March 5, 1G9S-9; cl. May 19, 1783, aged S5 (g. s., North Truro); num. 

72. Cokstant, b. March 2.1, 1700; cl. May 8, 175G; m., 1st, Oct. 20, 172(1, Ann Larkin; 2d, 

, Mrs. Jane (Kl.i) Doane. 

73. Mercy, b. Aug. 81, 1702; cl Dec. — . 1780: m., 1st, Oct. 8, 1719, Caleb Hopkins; 2d, 

June 28, J749, Benjamin Iliggins; 3d, Dee. 5, 1771, Ebenezcr Dyer. 

74. Hannah, h. .May 3, 1704 ; cl. Jan. 13, 1758; in. Ang. 20, 1725. Micah Gross. 

75. Eunice, b. Nov. 25, 1707.; d. : ra. March -t, 1732-3, William Crocker. 

76. Elizahi'.-iti, b. Feb. 4, 1707-8; d, Oct.. 5, 1771 ; in. Feb. 19, 1729, James Lombard. 

77. Jonathan, b. June 9, 1710, d. , 177:); in. Oct. 6, 1731, Rebecca Binney. 

78. Ari'HiA, b. Jan. 34, 1713-4; bapt. Feb. 21, 1713-4; d. ; m. Oct. G, 1731, Samuel 

73. JOSHUA, b. July 4, 1717: bapt. July 7, 1717: d. Sept. 22, 17a."/; m., 1st, Oct.. 9,1710, 
Rebecca Parke.i : 2d, Dec. 3, 1783, Rebecca Knov.les. 

1 Samcel 1 FisrxMAX, t. , hi Mawlyn, Co. Kent, England ; d. about 1C39, in Eiigliind ; m. , 

Appltia . He settled in Waiertown in 1G30, being one of the proprietors, owning onu-scvcutli 

of the cniii-' township. Left two sens : Henry, who owned the Water-town estate and died In Bos- 
ton without issue, anil Samuel. His sun ; 

Dea, Samuki ■ Fiilman, b. May 1 1, 1038, In Wiilcrlow n ; d. Nov. 25, or Jan. 30, 1712, in Kasthain; 
in. May 12. IG58, Mercy Soulhworth, dun. of Constant Southwortli, of Plymouth. Moved to Eastliani ; 
was eliosen deacon in 107G, and representative in 1097. Had nine children,— three sons and six 
daughters. His son: 

Pea. i '"N -r' Kkki'.ma.N, h. March !U, ICCO. m. Jane' Treat, as above. 


11 Elizabeth 4 Treat (Samuel* Robert? RicJainV'), born July 24, 1C7C, in Eastham 
Mass. ; died March •'!, 1755, in her seventy-ninth year (gravestone, Eastham old burying 
ground, neat the railroad station) ; married, about 1G95, Jabez 3 Snow,' born Sept. 6, 1670, 
died Oct. 14, 1750 (gravestone, in the oldest burying ground, Eastham, which stairs that 
he was in his eighty-second year, a mistake), and son of Lieut. Jabez and Elizabeth 
Snow. In 1685, his mother was fined for using abusivelanguage towards the Rev. Mr. Treat, 
the father of her future daughter-in-law. Four generations of this family in succession, by 
the name of Jabez, manned wives by the name of Elizabeth. Mr. Snow's will is dated 
Oct. 1 1, 1743 ; probated Jan. 23, 1750-1. In it he is styled "yeoman." Mention is made. 
of wife Elizabeth ; children, Jabez who was executor, Silvniius, Samuel, Elizabeth Knowles, 
Tabitha Mayc and Phebe Smith. 

Children of Jabez and Elizabeth Snow, born in Eastham: 

80. Jabez, 5 i>. .Inly '.'2, IGOG; d. Sept. 0, 1760; in. Oct.. 27, 1720, Elizabeth Paine. 

81. Joshua, b. March 12, 1700; d. . 

.S2. Elizabeth, b. Oct. \S, 1703; d. ; m. , Knowles. 

83. Syj,va>:us, b. Feb. l(i, 1701-5; d. March 23, 1772; m. (pub. Dec. U, 1732), Hannah 

84. Tabitha, b. March 21, 1707; d. ; in. Oct. 7, 1731, John Mnyo. 

86. Samuel, b. Jan. 22, 170S-9; d. ; :n. Oct 12, 173.2, Elizabeth Freeman. 

86. Edward, b. May 18, 171 I ; d. ; m. Feb. 18, 1765, Betty Myrick. 

87. FiiKi'.i:, b. ; d. ; in. , Smith. 

12 Sarah' 1 Treat (Samuel, 3 Robert, 2 Richard 1 ), bora June 20, 1678, in Eastham, 
Mass. ; died Sept. 26, 1728, i:i her forty-seventh (? 49) year (gravestone, North Truro, 
Mass.) ; manned Dec. 10, 1700, Thomas 4 Rogkrs, 2 of Eastham. lie removed to Truro 
about 1 704. Was selectman in 1712. Had land laid out to him in Truro as early as June 
17, 1703. Was living in Truro in 1720. It is nol known when he died. 

Children of Thomas and Sarah Liogers, the first two born in Eastham, the others in 
Tin io ; the first seven were baptized at one time, June 13, 1717, at Truro, and Uiildah, Sept.. 
22, 1717. 

88. Sarah, 6 b. Oct. 27, 1701 ; d. . 

1 Nicnoi-As' S.vow, b. , in England; d. Nov. ]">, 1076 ; in. before 1028, Constant or Constance 

Eopkins, b. , d. Oct. — , 1077, mid dan. of Stephen Hopkins. He cume to New England in 

the Ann, which arrived in the hater pari of June, 1G23. Was a freeman and tax payer in Plymouth 
before 1G27, one of the seven who settled in Eastham with Gov. Pri'.nce, deputy, selectman for 
seven years, town clerk for sixteen years, and lend other important positions. We have no list of 
his children, but in 1650, they were said to number twelve, all alive and well. His son i 

Lieut. Jabez 8 Snow, b. ; d. Dec. 27, 1G90; m. , Elizabeth . ile was a prominent 

wan, "no of the selectmen, Lieut, in the military, etc. Had nine children mentioned in his will, — 
three Mins and six daughters. His son : 

Jabez 3 Snow, b. Sept. G, 1370; in. Elizabeth Treat, as above, lieing the eldest son, he received a 
double portion from his rather. 

•Thomas' Ilofli r.-., b. , in England; d. , 1021; in. • . Came to Plymouth in the 

Mayflower In 1G20. His son : 

Lieut. Joseph' IJooeks,!). , in England; d. , 1678. in Eastham, Mass.; m. ■ -. Came 

In I he Mayflower with his lather. Had eight children,— lour sons and four daughters. His son : 

Thomas' Rogers, b. ; d. about IG80, in Eastham; in. Dec. 13, 1665, Elizabeth Sumo, who u. 

JunelG, 1G78. !■ slate was settled July 8, 1701, when mention was made of three sous and one 
daughter. Had seven children,— five sons and two daughters. His son: 

Thomas' IIogehs, b. May G, 1372, in. Sarah* Treat, as above. 


89. l'HKlllS, 1>. Nov. 1, 170:1; (1. . 

00. Hi.iZAHBTH, b. March 27, 1708; d. ; in. June 13, 1728, Benjamin Lewis of Truro. 

91. Locv.b. June 0, I7US; d. ; iu., 1st, Oct. 13, 1734, Nehcmiau Somes; 2d, Oct. G, 

17-13, KUslia Smalley. 

92. Hannah, 1). April G, 1710; d. . 

D3. Thomas, b. Dec. 11, 1712; d. 

94. Josicwi, b. March 24, 1715; d. Aug. 8, 1728, in his 13th year (g. s., North Truro). 

95. Huxdah, b. Aug. 13, 1717 ; il. . 

13 Samuel 1 Treat, (Sumuel\ 3 Robert? RichanV), born July — , 1680, in Eastham, 
Mass. ; died Oct. 23, 17;'..°., in Truro, Mass., according to the town record, entered Dec. 10, 
]7?>C, or Oct. 6, 1734, aged fifty-four according to his gravestone, at North Truro (but 
his will, probated Jan. 16, 17o3--4, is proof that the date on the gravestone, which may 
have been erected long subsequent to the event, is incorrect) ; married, lirst, Oct. 27, 1 70S, 
Joanna'-' Vickeky 1 who died Aug. 26, 1720, iu her thirty-fourth year (gravestone, North 
Truro) ; second, July 26, 1721, in Boston, by the Rev. Cotton Mather, Mrs. Mary (Seaks) 
Stheet, 2 <if Boston, horn Sept. 27, 1690, died , 1 74 1 , in Boston, and daughter of Alex- 
ander and Rebecca (Staines) Sears. She was admitted to full communion in the church at 
Truro, April 9, 1727. After the death of Mr. Treat, she n turned to Boston, where she 
died. In 173'i, widow Mary Treat and others sold to Henry Atkins and other,-, a wharf, 
land, etc., near Scarlett's wharf. She died intestate, and Henry Atkins was appointed ad- 
ministrator of Iter estate, Dec. 22, 1741. The inventory was approved Oct. '.', 1741, and 
amounted to £544 7s. 8d. Among the expenses of the estate were sums paid for six 
gallons of wine for the funeral; paid Mrs. Elizabeth Cross the legacy of £5 left her by 
her father Treat ; and a legacy of £77 2s., to Benjamin Street, her son. (Suff. Brob.,35: 
557 ; 36: 146, 221.) In 1742, Henry Atkins, a brother-in-law, auda merchant of Boston, 
was appointed guardian for her minor children, — Mary upwards of fourteen, Robert about 
eighteen and Samuel abouttwe.nty. Mr. Treat was a cooper, and lived in Truro, the ancient 
Indian name of which was Pamct, or Paomet. lie was admitted an inhabitant, May 15, 
1705, and was among the first to own cattle in 1710, his mark being registered as a 

1 She was the duu. of Rev. Jonathan' and Elizabeth Vickeky. The name was variously spelled 
in old records, Vicars, Vickers, Vicery, Vicory, Vickery, etc. George' Vickery was in Hull as 
early as 107a. liis son Jonathan 5 was executor of his will, July 29, IG79. His wile's num.' was 
Elizabeth. I do not find the name of his children recorded in the Hull records, as printed in the 
Register, Vol. 27, p. 3G0. lie sold his hinds in Hull, April 28, 1701. In 1699, he was the minister at 
Mamimoictl, incorporated ,lnne 11. 1712, under the name of Chatham. In 1701, his ministry ceased, 
though he continued lo reside there till April 30, 1702, when lie was drowned. The inventory of ' 
his estate is daterl May 29, and July 9, 1702. His widow Elizabeth was appointed administratrix. 
He owned land at Pauiet, oi Truro, valued at £C3. Mention is made or his children Jouathan, Da- 
vid, Elizabeth, Joanna, Mary, liebeeca, and Surah. 

5 For her first husband she m. July 20, 1713, Benjamin Stheet, of Pennsylvania, mariner, who 
was buried Dec. 30, 17 is. \ccording to family tradition, she was the gr. dun. of Thomas Sears, of 
Newbury, wiio m. hit. 11, IGafi, Mary Hilton, alios Downer, and d. May 2G, 1GG1. According to 
the Sears Genealogy, by Samuel P. May, she was the gr. dan. of Alexander and Mary (I.einuion) 
Sears, of Salem, Muss. The «i!lof Alexander Sears, shipwright, is dated Oct. 1. 1732, and pro- 
bated March 25, 173G. Win. Phillips and Henry Atkins, his sons-in-law, were appointed executors. 
The inventors amounted to £2981 iis. 4. l ,d. Among the expenses of the funeral were wine. 3Ss., 
gravestones GOs., for collhi Co. The will mentions his se\ en daughters by name, among whom was 
Mary Trent. (Suff. l'roh. 32: 391, 121; 33: 14.) Children of Benjamin and Mary Street, born in 
Boston and hapt, in the new Kortli Church : 

William Street, b. Sept. 11, 1715; Benjamin Street, b. June 2, 171S. 


"tenon in ye left Eare." A church was organized in Trnro Nov. 1, 1711, and Mr. Treat 
was admitted to communion, Sept. 11, 1712, his wife Joanna, July 13, 1712, and his second 
■wife Mary, April 9. 1727. Samuel Treat, llezckiah Purington, and Richard Stevens, Mr. 
Treat's brother-in-law, had each fifteen acres of land laid out for them, April 15,1715, be- 
tween 1'anu I great meadow and Eastern harbor, for their use during their abode in town, and 
whicb they could own upon certain payments. He also became one of the proprietors of lands 
in Truro, and a meeting was held at his house July 1-1, 1722. A meeting of the proprietors 
of meadow land on the northeast side of Eastern harbor was held at his house Jan. 3, 
1732-3. Nov. 12, 1717, he was appointed coroner for Barnstable County, by the Gover- 
nor and council, and again Oct. 10, 172'.'>, and Aug. 25, 1731. Ata town meeting March 
31, 1718, Thomas Paine, jr., was chosen treasurer for Truro. But as no agreement could 
be made as to his salary, Samuel Treat was chosen in his place, and he was to receive 
four pence per pound for receiving and paying out money, lie held the office for only one 
year. In Aug. 172'J, he and Deacon Victory were chosen to make up the accounts of the 
late treasurer. Jan. 19, 1715-6, he was appointed executor of the estate of Daniel Sam, 
an Indian. Mr. Treat's will was dated May 11, 1733, and probated. Jan. 16, 1733-4. 
The inventory amounted to £588 4s. Gd. He willed his daughters, Elizabeth Cross £5, 
and Joanna Harding, £i5, and mentions his other children, Samuel, Robert, and Mary. 
Children, born in Truro, by his first marriage: 
•>0. Samuel, 6 b. July 8, 1709; d. May 31, 1711. 

D7. Elizabeth, b. Dan. 8, 171 1-2 ; bapt. July 13, 1712; d. ; m. July 24, 1729, Simon 


9S .ToaNNa, b. June 1C, 1713; bapt. June 21, 1714; d. ; m. Feb. 1, 1732-3, David 

By his second marriage: 

8(i. SAMUEL, b. July 21, 1722; bapt. July 22, 1722; d Nov. (?) — , 17C0; m., 1st., May 7, 17-17, 
Mary Eustis ; 2d <].ul>. Dec.—. 17G0), Elizabeth Breck. 

100. Robert, b. March 27, 1723; bapt April -I, 1725; d. ; m. Sept. 22, 1748, Anna 


101. Mary, b. ; bapt. May 21, 1727 ; d. ; m. Fell. 2. 17-tfi, Richard White. 

102. Sauah, b. ; bapt. Aug. 30, 1730; d. in infancy. Not mentioned in her father's 

will in 1733. 

14 Mary" 1 Treat (Samuel* Robert? Richard}), born March 10, 1682, in Eastham, 

Mass. ; died Jan. -1, 1722-.°., in the northern precinct of Eastham, now Wellflcct, Mass. ; 
married Dee. 10, 1700, as his first wife, Ilea. John 1 ' Rich, 1 who died in 1717, of the 

1 RiciiAED 1 Rich, b. , in England ; d. in the fall of 1602, in Eastham ; m. , Sarah Rob- 
erts, daughter of Governor Roberts, of Dover Neck, X. 11. lie was a mariner; made a freeman at 
Dover in 1671, ami lived at the Neck; was taxed 107 1-5; afterwards removed to Eastham, where he 
was made a freeman Aug. 23, JfiSl. Had mn. children,— four sous and two daughters. His son: 

Dea. John' Rictj b. after ir.74; m. Mary Treat, as above. 

Thomas Hobcrts, sr., of Hover, N..H., according to tradition, came to New England in 1G23, with 
Edward and William Hilton, and was the most prominent man in town in IG39, when according to 
Winlhrop, History of New England, he was chosen president of the court, or, according to Bel- 
knap, governor, lie lived on Dover Neck, below the meeting house. In 1(712, lie was the lirst on a 
list of twenty four persons to whom land was laid out. hi tots, he was rated at £<!S) 10s. lie was 
generally called '-Mr." but not always, [lis death occurred between Sept. 27, 1C73, and Jan. 30, 
je,7-i. The bull; of his property was leftto "Richard Rich, husband of my daughter Sarah." So 
that the blood of two early New England governors (lows in the veins of the descendants of Mary 
Treat and Dea. Jehu Rich. 

]90 rojjebt treat: fourth generation. 

small pox. For liis second wife iie married in 1 ITo (pub. Aug. 2, 172;i), widow Hope Sears, 
of Chatham, Muss. Her name before marriage was Hope Howes, of Yarmouth. This 
part of the town of Eastham was settled before 1G70, and was called Billingsgate. In 
]7l'.'!, it was set ofi as a separate precinct. Mr. Rich was the first treasurer, serving from 
1723-1726, inclusive. It was incorporated as a separate (own May 25, 1763, under the 
name of Wellfleet. His will is dated June 15, 1743, and probated Nov. 11, 1747. In- 
ventory £874 15s. Gd. Mentions sons Robert, Reuben, Joshua and John; daughters 
Hope, Mary and Thankful. Am under obligations for much of the genealogy of this 
branch of the family to Olutdiab Rich, Esq., of Woburn, Mass., who very kindly allowed 
mc Ilia use of valuable MS. history and genealogy of the Rich family. In that genealogj 
the generation figure is two less than in this. For instance, John 7 Rich in the Treat gen- 
ealogy is John 5 Rich in the Rich genealogy. 

Children of Dca. John and Mary Rich, born in Eastham, now Wellfleet: 
103. Mart, 5 b. Feb. 14, 1701; d. about 17-13; n>. , . Had n family. 

104. Komcrsr, b. Oct 23, 1703; d. ; m. , Lydia . 

105. John, b. Jan. 23, 1705-G; u. March 27, 1779; m. April 13, 1727, Thankful Sears. 
lOfi. Reuben, b Feb. 6, 1707-8; tl. Feb, — , 1711. 

107. Joshua, b. March 81, 1710; d. ; m. .Tan. IS, 17-19, Hannah Bacon. 

108. Mos:ss, b. July S, 1712; d. Feb. — , 1713-4. 

109. Rkumsn, ) f<3- June IS, 1770; in., 1st, Sept. 28, 1738, Martha 

[twins, b. April 13, 1715 J Smith; 2d, July 2, 17-17, [tilth Brown. 

110. Thankful, J (.,,. ;,n.— , J. Harding. 

By bis second marriage he had a daughter: 

Hope, b. May 7, 1725; d. .lane 23, 17G(i, in her 42clyear; m. about 1711, Col. Elishfl 
Doane, who became the wealthiest man in Massachusetts, being worth £120,000. He 
d. Dec. 9, 1759, aged GO (g. s. Welllloet). He was a deacon of the church, and 
made Lieut. Col. in 175t*, in the army raised for the reduction of Canada. 

16 Abigail 4 Treat (Samuel, 3 Robert,* Richard 1 ), horn June 13, 1686, in Eastham, 

Mass. ; died ; married Oct. 7, 1708, Riohakd Stkvkns. He came originally from 

Hover Neck,N. IT. After his marriage, he removed from Eastham to Truro, Mass., where 
he was admitted an inhabitant, May 10, 1710. Was one of the proprietors of the meadows 
and beaches at Eastern Harbor, and one of the selectmen of Truro in 1720. The family 
has always been a prominent one in town. The place where his house stood is still known 
as Stevens' bank. Mrs. Stevens was admitted to full communion in the church duly 13, 


Children of Richard and Abigail Stevens, all born and baptized, except perhaps the 
firsi, in Truro : 

111. Lim, s b. Sept 27, 1709; bapt. July 13, 1712; d. . 

11?. Richahd, b. Sept 1,1711; bapt. Jul) 13,17)2; d. Dec. -2G, 1792; m., 1st, June 11,1741, 
Mary Gross; 2d, Nov. 10, 17US, .Mary Nickerson. 

113. Joanna, b. Aug. 4, 1713; bapt. Aug. 30, 1713; d. . 

lit. Abigail, b. March 14, 1714-5; bapt. April 24, 1715; d. . 

115. Jekusha, b. Jan. 17, 1716-7; bapt. March 17, 1710-7; d. Nov. 30, 1788; in. about 173G 
(pub. leb. 2G, 1735 C), Benjamin Collins. 

li6. .Tons. b. ; bapt. Her. 7, 171S; d in Infancy. 

117. Mkicoy, b. ; bapt. July 2.1, 1721 ; d. . 

il8. John, b. ; bapt. Sept. 13, 1722; d. Nov. G, 1790; in., 1st, April 15, 1742, Joanna 

Smith; .°d. Nov. 15, 1744, Betty Mayo. 

17 Joseph. 4 Treat (Samuel 3 Robert,* Richard 1 ), born Nov. 19, 1C90, in Eastham, 


Mass. ; died Feb. — , 175G, in his sixty-sixth year, in Boston ; married, first, June 25, 
1713, by Rev. Simon Bradstreet, Mary 4 Lakkin 1 , born Sept. 7, 1698 ; died May 6, 17-12, 
aged forty-nine (gravestone, Copp's Hill, in an excellent condition). Was admitted to tin: 
covenant at the Second church in Boston, Jan. 22, 1715-G, and her husband Joseph, Jan. 
23, 1731-2. lie married, second, Dec. 8, 1 742, by Rev. Joshua Gee, Jlrs. Sarah Mary 
(Seward) Farmku, born May 1, 170.3; died Aug. — , 17'J7 (gravestone, Brewer, Me., 
where her age is stated to have been ninety-five, which is a mistake for ninety-two), and, 
a daughter of James and Edith Seward. 2 The gravestone was not erected til! many years 
after her death, when her correct age had bee;i forgotten. Joseph Treat was the Grst per- 
maneni. settler by the name of Treat in Boston, having gone there as early as 1713. He 
removed to Truro, Cape Cod, after 1720, and remained there for a h-w years, two of his 
children appearing on the Truro church records as baptized there, in 1723 and 1725. 
Upon his return to Boston he was admitted an inhabitant. 1 find the following record 
among the minutes of the selectmen : 

"June 2G, 1727. Joseph Treat from Trurow Gnu Smith lias the Liberty to Open a Shop 
and Exercise his Calling being admitted an Inhabitant having given Security to Idemnify 
the Town." 

"Feb. 13, 173:;. Voted, That To morrow at three of the Clock, The Selectmen Meet 
at the Town House to view the Small Arms Lodg'd in the Town Armoury, and that Mr. 
Treat Gunsmith be ordered to attend and assist at the view." 

Feb. 14. 

"The Seleei, men being met accordingly view'd the small arms ■ Treat and 

Miller Gunsmiths attending and assisting at the view. They were directed to proceed 
with all 'he Expedition possible to the. cleaning the Arms, and putting them in Order for 
us<', when occasion shall require." 

"Mr. Joseph Treat Gunsmith Appeared & Informed that Eleazei Iliggins with bis wife 
and Six Children came from Truro about Five Weeks past and live in Capt. Dowricks 
House, and that he iias no Substance but House hold Goods and desires that he might, be 
admitted an Inhabitant, and the said Treat would be his Bondsman." Nov. 17, 1742. 

Jan. 15, 1750-1, the petition of Joseph Treat and others of Boston for liberty to sell 
a house was received by the General Court, and referred to a committee to report. 

■Edward 1 Larkbt, b. , in .England ; d. about 1G51, in Chariest own, Mass.; in. , 

Joanna . lie was a wheelmaker, and admitted mi inhabitant of Charlcstown, July 30, 1G38. Will 

dated Sept. !5, 1651. Inventory £123. Had six children,— two sons and four daughters. His sun : 

Joins* Eakkw, b March 10, 1640; d. Feb. 17, 1G77-8; m. Nov. 9, 1GG4, Joanna Bale. He was a 
turner. Had six children, — throe sens, and three daughters. His son : 

Edward 3 Larkin, b. Feb. :.'2, 1G6S-9; d. ' ; in. Nov. 1, Hiss, Mary Walker. He was a chair- 
maker. Had eight eliilclren, — five sons, and three daughters. His daughter: 

Mary* Earkin, m. Joseph Treat, as above. See Wymau's Genealogies and estates of Charles- 
ton ii, pp. 599-G00, Vol. ii. 

5 Sarah Mahv Skward, m. 1st, Sept. 13, 172G, Perdval Fanner, who d, . By her first hus- 
band she had two children according to the Boston records: 

Perdval Farmer, b. Sept. 9, 1729, son of 1'erciva) and Sarah Mary Farmer; d. ; m. July 

19, 17511, Susanna Bently. 

Mary Fanner, b. b'eb. 1G, 1731, daughter of 1'ercival and Mary Farmer; d. Nov. -1, 179S, aged GS 
(;:. s., Copp's Hill, where she is called Mrs. Mary Fanner). 

Her father, James Seaward, was a shipwright, and d. about Oct., 1709, Her mother was Edith 

, 'variously spelled in the Boston records, lCiley, Edde, Kdu and lOdcc, who in. about 1G92. 

Seven children are recorded as being baptized to .lames and Edyth Seward in the Second church, 

James, b. .Tine.' 29, 1G93; bant. July 2, Hi!>3. 

William, b. ; bapt. Oct. G, 1095; buried May 30, HIT. 


Mr. Trent was a gunsmith by trade. lie died intestate and insolvent in 1756, and was 
probably buried on Copp's bill, but no gravestone now marks Ids resting place. Among 
tlie expenses of the estate are charges for medicines in Feb., 17.'iC, which probably lixes 
the time of his death. Letters of administration were granted to his widow, April 23, 
1756. The total value of the estate was inventoried at £654 10s. 5d., equal to £S7 5s. 
4fd. lawful money. (Suff. Prob. 51 : 324,394; 55: 146-150.) In the inventory these 
items occur : 

1 silver tankard £66. 5. 0. 1 negro man, Peter £75. 0. 0. 

The Indian wars, the great depreciation of paper money, and enormous taxes, had 
caused much distress in those tunes. Failures were of common occurrence. The News 
Letter was full of bankruptcy notices. In April, 1758, the inhabitants of Uoston petitioned 
the governor and council, complaining of the enormous taxes which had not only driven 
many rich men out of town dining the last live years, but had driven many more into 
bankruptcy. (Mass. Archives, 1)7: 395-400.) 

The possession of slaves in Massachusetts was common in those days. It was not til] 
March 25, 17'.8, that the. selling of them was forbidden in Boston. The number of slaves 
in that (own in Dee., 1754, and in the beginning of 1755, was 647 males and 342 fe- 
males, total 989. 1 copy the following advertisement from the Boston News Letter, July 
27, 1758. 

"At. the Roval Exchange Tavern Boston, 
will be Sold by PUBLIC AUCTION 
'^T Healthy, likely negro 


Thomas, b. May 2, 1097; bapt. May 9, 1G97. 

John, 1). Jan. 10, 1C9S-9; bapt. Jan. 15, 1G9S-9. 

Samuel, b. April 7, — ; bapt. April IT., 1701. 

Sarah Mary, b. May 1, 1705; bapt. May 6, 1705; (1. Aug. — , 17'.)7. 

Benjamin, b. Jan. (>, 170S-9; bapt. Jan. 9, J 70s -!). 

In the Boston town records, Miss Seward's name is registered simply as Mary Seward. In the 
church records the baptism .if Sarah Mary Seward is recorded but it is written in such a mania i 
that in the printed list, of baptisms, in the history of the Second church, the name is put down as 
two separate names. In the letters of administration mi tin- estate of Joseph Trent, her husband, 
and in subsequent legal documents, the is called both Sarah Mary, and .Mary Treat.. On her grave- 
stone she is called simply Widow Mary Treat, and she was married under (lie name of Mary Fanner. 
Aug. 2, 1 74a, a petition was addressed to Governor Shirley and the General Court assembled, 
wherein : 

"Humbley sheweth Edeo Seward of Boston Widow that your Petitioner lias lived the relict 
widow of .lames Seward late of Boston aforesaid deceased shipwright upwards of forty years 
that soon after her Intermarriage with her said husband she bad a harnsoino Portion befall her in 
money wherewith her said husband purchised a Small Peice of Land lying in the North end of 
Boston with one Small Single Dwelling house Standing thereon, that she had by her said Husband 
Seven Children, and that her said husband Died when the youngest of them was but about nine 
months old, that she with Great, and manifold Difficulty as well as Labour ami Industry procured 
a mai in aim-nee l'oi her Children till they were Capable of helping themselves, unci that notwithstand- 
ing all her hopes of help and belief from them In an advanced age, God has been pleased in his 
holy piw idencc to bcreive her of them all except one Daughter; that a few years ago two of your 
Petitioners sons and their w Ives Died Leaving each of them several children under very needy Des- 
titute and exposed Circumstances, for whose Support as well as her own your l'cliii irhas not only 

been obliged to Dispose of the Chief of her movable estate, but partly for ye Uses aforesaid and partly 
lor ye repairing the above mentioned Dwelling house is now in a rears upwards of one hundred S. 
lilty pounds which house is now so out of repair that it will Cost a Great Sum to make it tenela- 
ble, and your Petitioner being now upwards of four score years of age and under great Infertility 



The reference in Drake's Boston, chap, 58, p. 5/ 1, to Andrew Treat, who advertised slaves, 
.Tunc 12, 1727, is a typographical error. In the original it is Andrew Trout, not Treat. 
The burial of an Indian woman belonging to Mr. Treat is recorded Dec. IS, 1719. 

Autograph of Joseph and Mary Treat, Aug. 2, 1749. 


OCT - U f^cif- 

Children, all born in Boston except Joanna and John, probably born in Truro, and bap- 
tized there in the Second church, by his first marriage ■ 

110. Mary, 5 b. May 3, 17M ; bant. May 9, 1714; rl Aug. 21, 1744; m. Dec 9, 173C, Philip 

120. Abigail, b. March 10, 1715-G; bapt. March 11, 1715-0; cl. ; m. Feb. 22, 1730, 

Ebcnezer Gross. 
11'!. Joseph, b. Oct. 20, 1720; bapt. Oct. 23, 1720; cl. Feb. 9, 1720-7 (g. s., North Truro). 

122. Joanna, 1... ; bapt. Jan. 20,1722-3; d. May 1,—, aged 31; in. Nov. 9, 1744, James 


123. John, b. ; bapt. April 11, 172.".; cl. ■ , 1758; m. Sept. 2, 1717, Abigail limit. 

is utterly unable to Do anything either for her own Support or for the Discharge of ye arcars 
aforesaid and is therefore under an absolute necessity of Seeking Liberty from your excellency and 
Honours to Sell the said House and Lund. Your Petitioner therefore most humbly prays that your 
Excellency and honours -would be Pleased to Grunt her power to Sell the Same and to pass Lawful 
deeds for the Sale thereof and to Improve so much of the produce arising from such sale as shah be 
needful to Discharge the said sum of one hundred and liff\ pounds as also for her future Support, and 
as your Petitioners necessities are Exceeding Great, and pressing So she erucsth Intrcats your 1> - 
ccllency and honours to be as Speedy as possible in Determining a method for her relcif — either by 
the Sale oJ the premises aforesaid or in such other ways as your Excellency ;>m\ Honours in your 
Great wisdom shall think best, and your Petitioner as in duly bound shall ever pray ic. 
Boston Aug. ye 2 17-19 

Joseph Trcal Edee Seward 

Man Treat 
Mai'y Seward" 
Of these three witnesses, Mary Treat was the daughter, and Mary Seward the only grandchild 
then of age, of Edith Seward. This Petition was granted Aug. 17, 1749 (Mass. Archives, 18: 

The slate gravestone of Mary Treat is in the old cemetery at Brewer, on the ridge, facing the 
Penobscot, in a line with, and a few feet from thai of her daughter, Elizabeth Holyokc, next to 
whom is that of her husband, John Holyokc From the space between the stones to the memory 
of liis mother and sister, we may infer that it was once the intention of Maj. Robert Treat to be 
buried then- himself. 


Mary Trcal 

mother of 

Maj. Robert Trent 

>>; Kliy. 1 ' Holyokc 

died Aug. 1797 

.1 ;t . 95. 


124. Joshua, b. Sept. 22, 1729; bapt. Scpl 2S, 1720; d. Ang. 12, 1S02; m., 1st, Dec. 0, 17:.:., 
Catherine James i 2d, Dec. 23, 1793, Mrs. l'olly Lancaster. 

125. Josurn, b. ; bapt. Jjm. 23. 1731- 2; tl. young. 

12G. Samukl, b. ; bapt. July 20. 17:'.:,; d. , isi:,, in Orland, Me. He is saiil to 

have been buried in the old cemetery near the Universalis! church, Orlaiul village, in 
the Gross row. No gravestone. According to the Hancock probate records, Robert 
Treat, of Bangor, was appointed Jan. 5, 181G, administrator of the estate oC Samuel 
Treat, late of Orland, yeoman. lied. Intestate. Inventory April 1, 181G. The prop- 
erty comprised nine lots of land, and lour rights of common land in Orland, valued 
at§1335. Mr. Treat whs probably unmarried, lie seems to have lived with his nephew, 
Joseph Gross, lie had dealings, with his brother Joshua .-it Fort IVwuall and is men- 
tioned in his account book several times between 17G5 and 17GG. 
By liis second marriage : 

127., b. ; bapt. March 31, 174:.; d. . 

128. Ki l/Ainiii, b. ; bapt. Oct. IS, 17-17; d. Dec. 4, 1S30; m. Dec. 10. 17GS, John IIol- 

12P. RoiiEUT, 1). July 14, 17".'-'; d. May 27, 1824; in., Isi, Nov. 28, 1774, Mary Partridge; 2d, 
Feb. 2.-:, 1804, Mary Gale. 

19 John' 1 Treat (Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born May 17, LG93, in Enstham, 
Mass.; died about 1762, in Wellfleet, (?) Muss. ; married Dee. G, 171G, by Nathaniel 
Freeman, Esq., Abigail 3, 1 daughter of John and Ruth (Cole) Young. Mr. Treat 
removed to Truro; was received into the church there Oct. '20, 1717, and dismissed Sept. 
20, 1730. He was one of the earliest settlers in that part of Eastlmm called Billingsgate, 
which was incorporated in 17G3, under the name of Wellfleet. July 18, 1719, by tie- ar. 
tides of agreement between the heirs of the Estate of John Young, John Treat and his 
wife Abigail had the "Twenty acre Lott Lying in sd. Harwich and also sixteen pounds & 
five shillings out of the s'd personal estate." For many years there was trouble in Well- 
fleet in regard to the minister, .lime 22, 1724, John Treat, his brother Nathaniel, and 
others "protested against Mr. Josiali Oakes any longer continuing y' work of y° ministry 
in this Precinct and also against y e assessors raising any assessment for s' 1 Oakes Salary 
or Settlement this year ensuing." Feb 16, 1728-29, at a meeting of the precinct, Mr. 
Treat and others were appointed on a committee to cive Mr. Ezra Whitmarsh "n call in 
order for a settlement in y' work of y L ' ministry in this Precinct for y' ! consideration of 
ninety pounds a year." Jan. 26, 1729-30, lie was appointed on a committee to agree with 
Rev. Isaiah Leu is for a settlement, ill the ministry in that precinct. March 15, 1738, he 
was made one of the members or the precinct committee. March 19, 1749-50, lie was 
one of a committee to confer with Mr. Lewis about his salary. In 1752 and 1753, he 
was one of the precinct assessors. The year of his death is not known. lie was alive 
in 1753, as his brother Joshua mentions him in his will. 

Children, the first seven probably born in Truro, where their baptisms arc recorded, the 
other three probably in Welllleet, where all the births are recorded: 

130. ExrnumKCE, 6 b. March 23, 1717-1S; bapt. April 13, 1718; d. • 

181. Haxxaii, b. March I, 171S-10; bapt. April 2G, 1711); d. ; in. June 28, 1739, Abie/.er 


•John' Young, b.- , in England; d. Jan. 29, HiOlj in. Dec. 13, 1G48, at Plymouth, Abiyail 

, who d. April 7, IG92, Hud eleven children, eight sons anil three daughters. Ilis sun: 

John' Young, h. Nov. 1G, IG4!), in Plymouth; d. ; m. , llalh Vole. Ills daughter : 

AiiKiAii/' Young, b. ; m. John* Treat as above. 



132. Abigati,, b. March 14, 172] ; bapt. July IG, 1721 ; d. ; m. Oct. 13, 1748, Jonathan 


133. EuZAnBTH, I'. May 10, 1723; bapt. June 30, IT'.'.".; d. , 180.1; m. Nov. 26, 1717, llich- 

nnl Col)'). 

134. Raciii i.. b. Nov. 5, 17'-'.".; bapt. Sept. !), I72fi; d. Dec. 23, 1809; m., 1st, March 10, 1747 

48, Thomas Mnlford; 2d, March I'.i, 1750-51, .loseph Obb. 

135. Mi;kcy, b. March 13, 1728; bapt. Sept. s, 1728; d. ; m. May 11, 1750, Judiali Lom- 
bard, of Truro, bapt. Oct. 25, 1725, and son of Jedediah and Mary Lombard. 

130. Sarah, b. Oct. 23, 1730; d. . 

137. M.uiiii i, b. Man h 27, 17.'..',; d. Dec. 27, 1770; m. Jan. 25, 1752- 53, Dea. William Chlpman. 

138. PniSUH, b. Nov. 11, 1737; d. Jan. 14, 17i?9. According to Ilia diary of Rev. Jude Damon, 
she was non compos mentis, and aged 44, which is a mistake as slut was in her 52d year. 

20 Nathaniel 4 Treat (SamueP, Robert*, Richard 1 ), born April 15, 1694, in East- 
ham, Mass.; died iibont 1735, in Truro or Wellilect, Mass. ; married Oct. 8, 1719, in Truro, 
IMahv Lion, or Lyon. Rev. Judo Damon, Pastor of Uk Church at Truro, who died Nov. 10, 
1828, lefta privatediary of deaths, which contains this entry : "1791, March 19, the widow 
Mary Treat, aged about 95. She came from England at the age of fourteen, and was a 
person of a fine mind and robust constitution. She gave mo a tolerable account of Lon- 
don and Westminster bridges." Rev. Levi Whitman of Wclllieet, in "A Topographical 
Description of Wellfleet, Oct. 2G, 1793," published in the Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. 1st Series, 
p. 119, Vol. 8, informs ns thstt '-Mrs. Mary Treat, whose name before marriage was Lion, 
was born in a village near London, and died in the hundredth year of her age, when she 
was superannuated, so as not to recollect late transactions. She could be very particular 
in relating what was- done in her youth. She would however often repeat the same tilings. 
I have several times heard her give a particular account of her being in London at the 
coronation of George the first." 

The coronation of George the first took place in 1713. After the death of her husband 
she is said to have resided in \\ ellfieet, where she is also said to have died. She was held 
in the highest, reverence by the Indians, who seemed to regard her as a divine being. She 
also practised medicine, which is perhaps the reason why she had so much influence over 
them. A family tradition reports that she was stolen in London when ten years old. Of 
Mr. Treat we know very little. June 22, 1724, with others he protested against Mr. Oakes 
continuing longer ill the ministry at Wellfleet. lie is said to have died young, aged about 
forty or forty-five. Nor is there any record whatever, — town, church, family, or probate, 
so far as known, of the names, or births of his children. For the date of the death of his 
oldest son we are indebted to a private record, ami a gravestone at Wellileel reveals all 
that we know as to the youngest.. As to the oth< r children we are left to conjecture. The 
manages oT Jemima, Mary, and Anna Treat are recorded in the EasthaiT) records. As 
the children of all the other sons of Rev. Samuel Treat, are recorded and known, with the 
exception of Joshua, who probably had no children, and these three names do not occur 
among them, we think that we are justified ill considering (hem to be the children of Na- 
thaniel Treat. As to Anna Treat, we have, positive proof from descendants that she was 
a daughter of Nathaniel Treat. Besides, in the administration of the will of Thomas 
Mnlford, probated July 7, 17-1*, we find charges paid Samuel Treat, Sarah Treat (his wife), 
Win. Treat, and Mary Treat, jr. Now Nathaniel Treat's wife was named Mary, and Sam- 
uel and William were, his sons, and Mary Treat, jr., must have been his daughter. 1 have 
placed the daughters in the order of their marriage, not knowing the dales of birth. 

Children, born in Truro or Wellfloet; 


139. Samuel 4 , h. about 1720; d. Nov. 1, 1805, in his Sfitli year; in. May 7, 1741, Sarah Rich. 

140. W', li. about 1723; il. April I. 1749, in his 27th year (g. s., YVellflcet). 

141. Jkmima, 1). ; d. ; in. March 1, 1714. Simeon Newcoinb. 

142. Mauy, b. ; (1. ; in. Oct. 1G, 1741), Joseph Ward. 

143. Anna, b. ; (I. about 1700; in. Dee. 28, 1751, Thomas Higglns, 3d. 

21 Eunice 1 Treat {Samuel, 3 Robert,* RkharcP), born Sept. 27, 1704, in Easthnm, 
Mass. ; died Oct. 17. 1747, in Boston, in her forty-third year; married April 21, 1721, when 
only sixteen years old, by !!cv. Peter Thacher, in Boston, Rev. Thomas'' Paine, 1 born 
April a, 1G94, died May 30, 1757, at Germantown, in Braintrcc, Mass., at tlie house of 
his .daughter Abigail Greenlcaf. lie was buried in tlie old North cemetery, VVeyuioiilli, 
Mass. ]\lis. Paine was a very beautiful woman in person, as well as singularly accom- 
plished, refined and captivating in her manners. Mr. Paine entered Harvard College in 
17]:;, at the age of nineteen and graduated in 1717. lie was a great mathematician, and 
published almanacs in Boston in his own name in 1718 and 1719. lie also calculated 
the great eclipse of 1-SOC. His ordination to the ministry took" place al Weymouth, Aug. 
19, i7]'j. (),i account of ill health and other causes, he gave up the ministry and re- 
moved to Boston in 1730, though lie did not fonnally sever his connection with his parish 
till April 15, 1734. The following incident probably influenced him to abandon tlie min- 
istry. His salary Mas £100 in lawful money, but he was paid in paper bills of the old 
tenor, worth about a shilling to the pound. His house also leaked so badly that in a rain 
storm the family were obliged to move about and resort to various expedients to avoii I the 
wet. This sort of treatment was very properly regarded by him as .swindling. Origi- 
nally a strict Calvinisl. this sharp practise served to shake his faith in thai system. ' fp 
on his removal to Boston, Mr. Pain,: engaged in commercial pursuits, and had iron lb in- 
dries at Abington and Bridgewater, .Mass. At lirst lie was successful in hisbusiness, bid 
owing to reverses about 1759, he lost his property, and went to reside in Halifax, X. X. 
His health failing, he was obliged to return to Brain tree, where lie died, 

Children of Rev. Thomas and Eunice Paine, the first three born in Weymouth, the 
others in Boston : 

144. Abigail 5 , 1). Mareli 0, 1725; d Jan. 15, ISO!); in. Get. 17, 1749, Joseph Greeuleaf. 

1 Thou is' Paine b. in haul a ml; d. ; in. . He came to New England, aeeo ril- 
ing to tradition in 1G24, bringing with him a son Thomas, ten years old, who had previously losl an 
eye by an arrow. Sunn- think that he ( ame from the North of England ; others suppose that he c; me 
loan Rent What became of Thomas' Paine is not known, though it is supposed that lie is the 
Thomas Paine who settled hi Yarmouth, .Mass.. in 1C39. His sou: 

TnoMAS 9 I'.'.iNt:, I), about 1C12; d. Vug. 1(1, 1700, aged about. 94; in. about 1050, Nary Snow, b. 

; d. April 2S, 1701, and dan. of Nicholas and Consume Snow. He was admitted u freeman 

at Plymouth, June 1. HiuK; settled in about 1055; l>< eaine a leading man there, was elected 
town clerk for eight years, and selectman for nineteen years; was a copper, as he affirmed, and 
also a builder of grist-mills. Had ten ehildien, -eight sons and two daughters. His son : 

Jam;:.-,- 1 Paixe, l>. July C, 1(505; d. Nov. — , 172S, aged 03; in April 9, 1095, Vnhin TharJier, v ho d. 
July 31, 17:14, and dim. of Col. John Timelier, of Yarmouth, .Mass., who is sal, I to have made with a 
penknife the celebrated cradle in which she and all the children of the second wife were rocked, 
lie removed to Barnstable. Mass., ami was admitted a townsman, May :."i. n;s:' ; was a school- 
teacher, miller, cooper, clerk, and poet. Had seven children,— two sons, and live daughters, His 
sou ; 

Thomas' I'aixp, b. April !), 1(194; in. Eunice 'J rent, as above. 

See the Genealogy of tlie Paine Family, by Josiah Piilnc, published in the N. 13. Hist, and Genea- 
logical Register, p. 2U1-5, Vol. 22; and the I'aine Family Records. 



145. K 0111:1:1 I'i.'H.m', !). Oct. 9, 1727; d. Oct. 21, 1727; buried at North Weymouth. 
14fi. Thomas, b. July 3, 1723; d. Aug. 1'.', 1730; buried at North Weymouth. 

147. Koiit:i;r Treat, I). March 12, 1730-31 ; d. May 11, 1SH; in. . 1770, Sally Cobb. 

MS. Eunice, b. May II, 1733; d. tvi». 2, IS03; unm. Funeral l'rom the house of Robert 
Treat L'uiiie, her brother, on Milk St., Boston. 

23 Sarah 1 Treat (John, 3 Robert* Richard), born - — , in Newark, N. J. ; died 

alter June 25, 1714 ; married , Jonathan Ckane, who died June 25, 171 !, aged 66 

years, 7 months, 1C day.s (gravestone, Newark), and sou ol'J.-i -.-,..■ r and Juan tin (Swaine) 
Crane, who wni one. ol the original settlers qf the New Haven Colony. His ivife survived 
hi in, as she was called his widow in 17-11. She is said lo have removed 1.0 Mill'ord, Conn. 

Childri n of Jonalhan and Sarah Crane, horn in Newark, perhaps nol in order of birth : 
11!). Samuel," b. ; A. . 

150. Cai.fu, !>- about 1713; 0. July 10, 1703 aged 80, buried id Orange, N. .1 ; m. ; 

bad John, Sarah, Ilnnuali Harrison, L'hcbe and William. 

151. Elijah, I), about 171(1; i. April 2-L 171)0 in his 7-lth (g. s., Newark) ; in. , 

Hnchel Beach, wliod. l-'eb, :' : >, IS0I, aged75 and dan. ol Fpcnctus Beach, and had Elijah, 

Jonathan, Itebeeen taiey, Fliebe who in. Zepluuiiiili Giant, Rachel who m. 

Sickles, Hannah who in. Baldwin, Abigail who in. ■ — — ■ Spinney, Anni.- who 

ju. — Wltil-iiiore, and son of Hev. Isaac Browne of Trinity church, 


1.12. Hkukmiah. b. about 1710. <.i. Aug 11, 1 .." 1. aged 32; a\. . Had Jonathan, who 111. 

Itachel Ulisbe, and had 11 son Xehcminu .1. Crime. 

153. Joii.sThe.vt, b. ; d. ; 111. Had a son Aaron. 

154. Jonathan, b. , 172-!;ri. Dec ; ! . 17:;.; iu his lutli year. 

155. Maky, b. : i.l. — — ; 111. , loliason. 

156. Euxice, b. ; d. ---; in., about 1710, David Johnson. 

32 Robert* Treat (Jlobeit, 3 Robert* , Richard*), baptized Jan. 6, 1G04-5, in Mil- 
ford, (''jim.; died Sept. 16, 1770, in his seventy-lift,!] year ("gravestone, Mill'ord) ; married 

, Janh Lamjstafk, baptized Keb. 2, 1G90, died Nov. 12, 171=3, and daughter ofUelk- 

tiel and l-Iiir.uah Langslaff. Mr. Treat graduated at Yale in 17 I s ; was made tutor in the 
institution April 7, 172J ; resigned in Sept.. 1725, and returned to Milford, where lie resided 
on his farm. Mc published almanacs in 172:',, L725 and 1727, at Wen London, Conn.. Lite 
celestial signs being rudely out in em quadrates which were raised to the height of the letter. 
Timothy Green was the printer of LLe edition of 1727. Jn May, 1736, lie. was chosen deputy 
from Mill'ord to the General ('our!, to which oflioo he was anno. illy elected, with lite ex- 
ception of a few years up to May, 1767, inclusive; was auditor of the Colony accounts 
from 1736 to i 7i i ; was justice of the peace, and <>i' titc quorum for New Haven county 
from 1742 lo 1770; was one of the committee ol war in 1711 and 1757 ; was appointed 
one of a committee of seven to undertake and arrange everything relating to the (settle- 
ment o\' the Rev. Mr. Whil.telsey as colleague to Rev. Mr. Andrew. Dec. 8, 1737. He 
was admitted to full communion with the elmrcli in Mill'ord on the 30th of April, 1720, and 
his wiTe Jane on the Mill 0!' Jan., 1732. His gravestone describes him as a 

"Gentleman of Learning and integrity who acted his pari, worthily in private Life, and 
in various employments till he closed the scene .Sept. 1 16, 1770, in his 75th year. 

"Usuful iii lifi on colli lamented. 
The small and (he great are there." 

His will is dated July 11, 1770; his estate was appraised Nov. o, 1770 ; Pliilo and llalliuel 
Treat were executors. It mentions wife Jane; sons Pliilo, Robert Isaac, and l'ethuel, 


and daughter Jane, who was to have £170. There, is no mention of son Elijah who was 
probably dead. 

Children, born in Milford: 

157. PniLOSiauus, 8 I). , 1727; bapt. April 23, 1727 il. May 3, ! 70S ; in., 1st, .Inn.' — . 

177.:., Mercy Hull; 2d, , Kli/.abetli Baldwin; fid, . Sar.ili 

158. Koiikk?, b. , 1730; bapt. Oct. 11, 1730; d. Aug. 10, 1807; in. , Mary Clark. 

15!). Elijah, b. , 17:!:!; bapt. Oct. 28, 1738; d. . 

1G0. Isaac, b. ; bapt. Fob. 16, 173-1-5; d. June 11', 1S29; m., 1st, , Susanna 

Chut; 2d, , Sarah Bean. 

161. .Iank, b. ,1736; bapt. Oct. 10, 173C; d (alive 1777): in. .Benjamin (alive 1777). 

162. Biciiirr.i.. b. , 173S ; bapt. Nov. 5, 1738; d. Nov. 25, 1S20 ; m., 1st, , Anna 

Camp; 2d, , Ke/i.ih Ilurd. 

33 Samuel 1 Treat (Robert* Robert* Richard*), baptized Nov. 28, 1697, in Mil- 
ford., Conn. ; died April 28, 1753, in his lilty-scvcnlh year (gravest one, Milford) ; married 

■ , AnkaClakk, daughter of Samuel Clark, and born , 170D, died Dee. 12, L731, 

in her twenty-third year (gravestone, Milford), but according to the church records, died 
Dec. 30. According to these records '•Samuel Treat and Anna his wife were forgiven and 
received to full communion, dan. 12, 1729." His will was dated April 28, 1753; mentions 
his two eldest sons, who are executors, and daughter Knidee, unmarried at d:ile of will, to 
whom lie leave-, among other things, €1000 old tenor. 

Children., bom and baptized in Milford: 

163. Eunice,* b. ; bapt. Jan. 11, 1730; d. (alive 1753). 

104. Samuel, b. Aug. 0. 1728; bapt. Jan. 11, 1730; d. Aug. 17, 1787; m .lime 27, 1753, Frances 

1G5., b. , 1730; bapt. June 28, 1730; d. (probably dead in 1753, as she is 

not mentioned in lier Cither's will). 

Iri8. JoiIN.b. , 1731; bapt. Dec. 5, 1731; d. Oct. 19, 1704, aged 63; m. June 27, 1751, 

Anna Bryan. 

34 Jonathan 4 Treat (Robert, 3 Robert, 2 Richard*), born March 17, 1701, in Mil- 
ford. Conn. ; died May 31, 1779, aged seventy-eight (gravestone, Milford); married, first, 
about 1727,Mahtiia Clakk, born Jan. 5, 1705-G, died Jan. 12, 1752, aged forty-six (grave- 
stone, Milford), and daughter of I >ca. Thomas and Martha Clark ; second, , Anna 

Tiujsals, baptized April , 1719, and daughter of Samuel and Ruth Tibbals. She was 

probably the widow Ann Treat who died Dec. 15, 1799, aged eighty-one. He and wife 
Martha were admitted to full communion, June 8, 1735, at the First Church, Milford. 
Abraham Clark, signer of the Declaration of Independence from New Jersey, was descended 
Iron, a brother of Martha Claik. Was selectman or that town in 1752. His will was dated 
May 28, 1779; probated June, 1779. His nephew, Samuel Treat, was executor. In it he 
mentions wife Anna, but no children. The inventory was dated Nov. 3, 1779, and consisted 
Of movables valued at £743 ; real estate £1657. 

Only sun ami child, born in Milford, by his first marriage: 

1C7 J una,., ix, 5 b. Oct. 16,1727; bapt. June 8, 1735 ; d. April 22, 17-16, aged ISy.Gm. 0(1. (g. s., 
Milford). His monument is a line large sandstone slab, supported on live pillars. 

35 Abigail 1 Treat (Robert, 3 Robert,* Richard 1 ), bom al i 1 70-1, in Milford, Conn. ; 

died Nov. 2, 177"., in her seventy-second year (gravestone, Huntingdon, Conn.) : mar- 
ried June 1(5, 172C, Rev. Jkdkdiau Mills, bom March (or May) 23,1097; died Jan. 19, 

ItOlilSltT treat: rouirni generation. ID'.i 

1776, in his seventy-ninth year (gravestone, Huntingdon), and the third son and child of 
Peter and Joanna (Porter) Mills, or Windsor, Conn. Mr. Mills graduated at Yule college 
in 1 722, was called to thochuio'i at North Haven, Dee. 2, 172."., hut took charge of that at 
Ripton, now Huntingdon, from Fob. 12, 1723-4, to Jan., 1771!, when he died, in the (ifty- 
second year of his ministry. Two of his sons graduated at Yale : Jedediah in 1747, and 
Samuel in 1765. See Orcutt's History of Bridgeport, Conn., pp. 996-7. 
Children of Rev. Jedediah and Abigail Mills, horn in Huntingdon : 

1GS. Jedkdiaii,= o. April — , 1727; d. ; m. Feb. 21, 177.G, Mrs Mamiali I In why. of Strat- 
ford, Conn, llesided in Derby, Conn., and in Johnstown, X. Y. 

li'r.i. BusiiA, b March 20, 1732-3; A. April 7. 1S1U; in. .Mary , who d. March 

81, 1817,in her 89th year. Was a merchant at Huntingdon, and a delegate from Strat- 
ford lor the rati llcation of (lie I'. S. Constitution. 

170. Isaac, b. about 173!); d. .\|>ril 17, 17G5, in his 2Gth year (g. s., Huntingdon). 

171. Samokx. b. ; d. Feb. II, 1814; in. , Sarah Humphrey, dan of Rev. Daniel 

liumphrej of Derby. Was a Congregationalist minister, and preached at Fairfield, 
and Chester, Conn. 

36 Abigail 1 Andrew (Abigail 3 Treat, Robert* Richard 1 ), horn about 1G8G; bap- 
tized Jan. 29, 1G8G, in Mill'ord, Conn. ; died Sept. 25, 1724, in Mi I ford ; married Aug. 
1, 1706, by Governor Treat,, her grandfather, Gov, Jonathan' 3 Law, 1 of Mi Word ; horn 
Aug. C, 1G72 ; died Nov. G, 1750 (gravestone), and son of Jonathan 2 and Sarah (Clark) 
Law. She was his third wile. Mr. Law graduated at Harvard in 1G95 ; was admitted 
to full communion in the Firstchurch in Mil ford, Sept. 10, 169S, and began the practice 
of law there the same year ; was justice of the peaee in 1706, and justice of the quorum in 
1710 ; was clerk and speaker of the House of Representatives from 1715- 1725, excepting 
one year; in 1725, was appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court of Connecticut, and 
lieutenant governor, which oflicc he held till he was chosen governor in 1711. He held 
Die latter Office for nine years till his death in 1750. The inventory of his property 
amounted to £50G9. His will mentions wife Eunice, who is to receive one-third of the 
estate and the negro woman Dinah, and is made guardian of her three minor children — 
Richard, John and Sarah, — tifl they are of age. Lands in Connecticut and Rhode Isl- 
and are divided between sons Jonathan, Jahleel, Samuel, Richard and John, and daugh- 
ters Sarah, Abigail and Ann. Sons Richard and John are to be sent to college, and sup- 
ported till they have taken their second degree. A codicil mentions sou Samuel as "not 
able to lake care of himself," and requests the youngest two sons to take care of him. 

Governor Law was married five times, and resided in Mill'ord, where his children were 
born. 1 ie married : 

First, Dec. 20,1.698, Anne Eu.iot, born Dee. 12, 1677, died .Nov. 16, 1703, anil daugh- 
ter of Rev. Joseph and Sarah (Lieuion) Elliot, of Guilford, Conn., and granddaughter 
of Rev. John Eliot, the "apostle" to the Indians. Sarah Brenton was daughter of Gov. 
Wm. Brenton of Rhode Island, 166G-9. Children : 

1 Richard 1 or T.wvi's, as lie writes his name in the earliest Stamford records, was b. 

in England; d. about K1S7. in Stamford, Conn.; m. , Margaret Kilbonm, dan. of Thomas 

Kilbourn, of Wood Dytlon, Cambridge: hive, Rug., who embarked April 15, 1035, with his \\\[u and 
live children, at London, lor New Kngland, in the ship Increase. Margaret, aged 28, was the eldest 
child. [111038, was at Wethersiield, Conn. ; in IGtl, -was among the founders of Stamford; was a 
very prominent man. Had three eltildrenonc —son and two dans. His sen: 

Jonathan" Law. I>. about 1037; d. Jan. !>, 1711 2, in his 75th year; in. — , I0(M, Surah Clark. 
Jan. oJ George Clark, of Milton I. and settled there at Llial li Had one child : 

Jonathan 9 Law, b. .\<\ii. (i, KS72; m. Abigail Andrew as above. 


1. Jahlccl taw, b. ; bapt. Jan. 7, 1701 ; cl. Aug. 2, 1701. 

2. SlU'itll l,;iw, 1). ; bnpt. Aug. 24, 17H1; d. Jan. IS, 1717. 

3. Ann Law. b. Aug. 1. 1702 ; bapt. (no record); d. Aug. 28, 1775; in. Jan. 25, 

1727, Rev. Samuel Hall, of Cheshire, Conn,; b. Oct. I, Kiilu, in Wallingford, 
Conn.; cl. Feb. 2il, 1770, and son of John :i!»l Mary (Lyman) Hall. He grad- 
uated a1 Yale in 171G. 
Second, Feb. 14, 1701-."), Auigail Aiixold, born aboul IGS5 ; died Dec. 1-1, 1705, 

aged twenty, and daughter of Oapt. Josiali Arnold of Beaver Head, near Jamestown. 

R I., son of Benedict Arnold, firs! governor of the Rhode Island colony. Son: 

4. Jonathan Law, b Doe. 5, 170.1; bapt. Deo. 3, 1705; d. Sept. 24, 1790, in his eigh- 

ty-fifth year (g. s., Milford); m. Jan. 11, 173G-7, Eunice 5 Andrew. See 17G. 
Third, Aug. 1, 170G, Abigail' Andrew, as above. Children: 

17'_' Jahleicl 5 Law-, b. Feb. 15, 170G-7 ; bapt. March 23, 1707 ; d. Nov. G, ITS 1 ; m. , Ann 

; settled in Chcsliirc, Conn. 

173. An in ah, Law, b. March 12, 1703-0; bapt. March 13, 1708-9; d. ; m. , El- 

der George Clark, son of George and Mary Clark; bapt. Oct. 12, 1707; d. Sept. 2S, 
1754, in his Wlh year (g. s., Milford). Children 1). in Milford and bapt. in the First 

1. George 8 Clark, b. ; bapt. June, 172S. 

2. Jonathan Clark, b. ■ ; bapt. April, 172!). 

8. Abigail Clark, b. ; bant. Oct.. 1731. 

1. Lois Clark, b. ; bapt.Aug , 1735. 

5. Jahlccl Clark, b. ; bapt. June, 173S. 

6. Richard Clark, b. ; bapt. Oct., 1740; d. 1750. 

174. Samukx Law, b. ; bapt. lime 3, 1711; d. --(alive 1750). Resided in Mil- 

17.".. Richard Law, b. July 8, 1713; d. Sept. 12, 17)5. 

Fourth, June 1, 172G, Mrs. Sarah (Clark) Burr, of Fairfield, Conn. ; born- . 

died June 17, 1727. daughter of George Clark, si'., of Milford. She was doubtless the 
widow of Chief Justice Burr of Fairfield. No issue. 

Fifth, Jan. 11, 1730, .Mrs. Eunice (Mali.) Andrew, widow of Samuel Andrew (37), 
brother or Abigail Andrew, who was Air. Law's third wife. Children : 

!). Sarah Law, b. ; bapt. March 28, 1731; cl. Oct. 25, 173G, aged six years 

(g. s., Milford). 

10. Richard Law, b. March 7, 1732-3; bapt. March 11, 1732-3; d.Jnn. 2G.180G, aged 72, 

at New London, C< .; in. . Anne Preutis, of New London, b. April 10, 

1743, d. Oct. S, ISM. and dau. of C.ipt. John and Sarah (Christophers) Pre li- 
tis. He gradiiati d at Vale in 1751, and settled in New London about 1751. Was 
appointed judge of Hie New London County Court; was a member ol the Con- 
tinental Congress, 177 7 s, J78I-4; In 1784 was a judge of the Supreme Court 
of Connecticut, and in 17SC, chief judge; in 17S9, was appointed district judge 
of l lie United Stales, which office he retained till his death. Had ten children. 

11. John Law. 1). ; bapt. Sept. '28, 17:::.; d.Sept. 1G, 1770. lie enlisted in the 

army, d. at tile north during the French war. 

12. Sarah Law, b. about 173G; bapt. Jan. s, 1737-8; d. May G, 1783, in lieMSth year 

(g. s., Milford) ; m. . Rev. SethPonieroy.of Groenlleld, Mass. lie grad- 
uated from Yale 1753. 

37 Samuel 1 Andrew (Abigail* Treat, Jlolterl* Richard 1 ), Lorn , 1GSS; 

bafitixi'd-Ck-t. 14, hiss, in Mil ford, Conn.; died April 2H, 172s, of fever, in his fortieth 
year (gravestone, Milford); married Deo. 0, 171!), I'.i mil IIai.l, of Walliugftml, Conn., 
born March 7, 1700, died June 3 (should be 2), 177-1, aged seventy-live (gravestone, 
Grove Street cemetery, New Haven), and daughter ol I Ion. John and Mary ( Lyman) Hall, 


of Waliingfovd, Conn. For her second husband she married Jan. 11, 17o0, Gov. Jona- 
than Law ; for her third husband she married after June 25, 175C, Col. Joseph Pitkin, 
of East Hartford, Conn., born May 2G, 1G96, died Nov. 30, 17G2, aged sixty-seven. lie 
had no children by her. Mr. Andrew was a merchant of Milford. His estate was inven- 
toried Nov. 9, !7:?s, at £1453. Widow Eunice was appointed to administer the estate, and 
as guardian of her four minor children, Samuel, Eunice, Abigail and Sarah. 
Children, horn in Milford : 

17G. Eunice, 5 b. Aug. 10, 1720; bapt Sept. 2.-;, 1720; d. May 2, 1702, in licr 42d year (g. s., 
Milford); in. Jan. 11, 173G-7, Jonathan Law, 1>. Dec. 5, 1705, d. Sept. 24, 1790, and sun 
of Jonathan and Abigail (Arnold) Law. See 36, No, 4. Children born in Milford : 

1. Eunice' Law ((win), b. ; bapt Aug. 30, 1741. 

2. Benedict Arnold (twin), b. Dec 20, 1740; bapt. Aug. 30. 1711; d. Nov. l'J, 1819 

(g. s., Orange, Conn.); in., 1st, Jan. 1, 1770, Sarah Bryan, b. April, 1710, d. 
Nov. 20, 17S5, in her 3Gth year, and dan. of Capt. Richard unci Surah (Fowler) 
Bryan; 20, , Henrietta Gibbs. Children, born In Milford, by his first mar- 
riage : 

1. Jonathan' Law, b. Aug. — , 1771 ; 0. in infancy. 

2. Sarah Law, I). ; bapt. June, 1770. 

3. Benedict Arnold Law, b. ; bapt. Feb., 1770; in. Aug. G, 1707, 

Thankful Smith or West Haven. 

4. Jonathan Law, !>. ; bapt. , 1778. 

u. Richard Bryan Law, b. July 12, 17S0; d. • , 1822, in New Haven ; in. 

April 0, 1811, Anna Woodruff. 
C. Andrew Law, b. Sep!,. 10, 17S2; d. , 1805, in Charleston, S. C. 

7. Sarah Bryan Law, b. Oct. 0, 1785; d. ; in. Jan. 14, 1S0S, Ebcne- 

yer Johnson. Had three sons and foul dans. Son Charles Andrew 
Johnson, Yale lSi!7, is a lawyer; resides in New Orleans, La. 
By bis second marriage: 

8. Lyman Law, b. Oct. 0, 1788. 

!). Jolm Gibbs Law, b. Feb. 12, 1701 ; d. Sept, 20. 1S1G. 

10. Harvey Law, b. July 22, 1701. 

11. Esther Law, b. Jan. 15, 1707;. d. ; m. Dee. 21, IS18, Fowlci F. 

I'Viin, of Talhnadge, Ohio. 

12. WylliS Law, b. April — , 1800; d. Aug. '.), 1810. 

13. Henrietta Law, b. Aug. 19, 1S04. 

14. Abigail Andrew Law, b. May 20, 1807. 

3. Mary Law, b. ; bapt. March 10, 1744-5. 

1. Ann Law, b. : bapt. March 5, I74S-0. 

. r >. Abigail Arnold Law, b. ; bapt. May ;ll, 1752. 

177. Samuel, b. Feb. 25, 1721-2; bapt. (no record) ; d. Oct. 15, 1700 (g. s., Milford) ; in. Nov. 
3, 1748, Elizabeth Herpin, who d. Oct. 13, 17G0, and dau. of Dr. .lean Antoinc and 
Mary (Camp) Hernia, a Frenchman who practised in Milford fifty years, and. d. Nov. 
14, 17G5,aged 71 (g. s.). The name was corrupted to Harpin to correspond with the pro- 
nunciation. He graduated at Yale in 1700; studied law, and engaged Lu trade. His 
monument contains this inscription : 

OBHT OCT"" 15 M0 A. 1). 1700. 
Children born in Milford: 

1. Lli/abetb Ann Andrew, b. Sept. 2G, 1710; d. ; in. ■ — , F./.ra Botehford, 

son of Seth Uotcli force. 

2. Eunice Hall Andrew, b. Feb. 17, 1-751- 2; bapt. May 21, 1752. 


173. Abigail, I j b.ipt. Feb. !), 1723-t; cl.. Tunc 13, 1703; in. , 

, . , t, . . ,_...., [Rev. William Riisscll. Yale 1745. She was admit- 

- 1 wins. 1). Fen. (j, 1 . L'..-l ; > 

ted in Hi • First Church, Milforrt, Aug. — , 1751. 

170. David, I J bapt. Feb. !), 1723-4 ■; d. — — . 

ISO. Sarah, b. March 27, 1720; cl. ; in. Oct. 22, 1751, Stephen Ailing. She was ad- 
mitted to the First church, Miliord, Oct. 20, 1751. 

38 Elizabeth 4 Andrew (Abii/ail 3 Treat, Robert,* Richard 1 ), bom -,1090; bap- 
tized June 29, IG90, in Mi! lord, Conn. ; died Sept. 12, 1771, aged eighty-one, in Boston, and 
buried Sept. 17, 1771, in Capt. Thomas Pott's tomb, under Christ Church ; married March 
21, 1710-11, at Stratford, Conn., Rev. Timothy 4 Cl ti.i_.i-. D.l). (John * John, 3 Robert, 1 ) born 
May 31, 1684 ; died Aug. 17, 17G5, in Boston, and sonorMaj. John and Martha (Wiswall) 
Cutler, ofCharlcstown. He graduated at Harvard in 1701, at the age of seventeen. Was ad- 
mitted to the church in Cbarlestown in 170."). Sept. 1G, 1709, lie was called to settle over the 
church .'it Stratford, Conn., and was ordained Jan. 11, 1709-10. The parishioners held 
hi in in great esteem, iu 1717 he preached the election sermon at New Haven. March 
24, 1717, he came to New Haven and took charge of the senior class of Yale College. 
In March, 1/19, he was elected president of the college. On the 18th oT Sept., 1722, the 
next day after Commencement, he, with others, appeared before the trustees of the col- 
lege, and announced his disbelief in the validity of Presbyterian orders, and that he was 
thinking of joining the Church of England. On the '2711] of Oct. following, he was "ex- 
cused from all further service as Rector of Yale College.' 1 Nov. 5, 1722, he sailed from 
Boston for England to obtain Holy Orders. He was ordained deacon March 22, 172:;, 
bv Dr. Green, Bishop of Norwich, in the Church of St. Martin in-the-fields, London, and 
a few days later, on the 31st, was advanced to the priesthood by the same bishop, in the 
same church. Christ Church, Boston, was formed Sept. . r ), 1722. and the church built 
and opened Dec. 20, 172.".. Mr. Cutler was the first rector, having been settled Dec. 29, 
1723. His mini'. try extended over a period of nearly forty-two years. His funeral took 
place at the church Aug. 20, 17G5, and he was buried in Capt. Pott's tomb, under the 
church. Mr. Cutler was an excellent linguist and a great Hebraist and Orientalist, be- 
ing acquainted with Arabic and speaking Latin fluently. He was regarded Iry every one 
as a man of great learning, and held in respect, though regarded as rather arbitrary in 
his manners. His will was dale,! June 29, 17.">7, and probated Aug. 20, 17G5. Men- 
tions wife Elizabeth, who is executrix, to whom he leaves his negro woman, named Anna, 
a pew in Christ Church, lands in New Hampshire, and the whole income of his estate. 
To son John he gives books from his library to the value of £13 Gs. 8d. The other chil- 
dren, who are nol named, are to receive each 20s. The inventory amounted to £210. Is. 
lUd. His library consisted of 1 130 volumes, valued at £70 15s. lid. See Cutler gen- 

Children of Rev. Timothy and Elizabeth Cutler, the first five born in Stratford, the others 
probably in New Haven, or Boston : 

181. Maktha 1 ' (twin), b. Doc. SO, 1711; cl. ; in. Feb. 25, 1731, John Gibbs, of boston. 

182. Elizahkth (twin), b. Doc. 30, 1711 ; cl. in ml': y. 

183. ,1oun, b. June 19, 1713; cl. , 1771. lie graduated at Harvard in 1732; went to Eng- 

land ill 173H, and in 1750 obtained the living ot Crossing. Archbishop Seeker, in a 
letter to Mr. Cutler, dated Aug. 28, 1751, speaks of his son, John, as being then 
curate to [lev. .Mr. Dean, of Hocking in I'.sscx. He was alive in 1757. 
LSi. Eli/.ahktii, h. Aug. — , 1715; (1. March— , 17U5, aged 80, in Boston, and buried from 
Christ Church, March 2G, I7U5: num. 


185. Timothy, I). Oct. 22, 1718; cl. , 17:::). He graduated at Harvard In 1734, at the age 

of 10. 

ISC. Sahaii, !'• ; d. .Inly — , 1700; buried July I. 1700, from Christ Church, Boston. 

180a Ruth, b. about 1722; bur. July 27, 17S0, aged 58; in. July is. 1738, dipt. Tliomas 
Pott, mariner, at Clirisl Church. They had a dan., Elizabeth Pott, bapt. April 10, 
1700, in Christ Church ; bur. April 23, 1700. As Dr. and Mrs. Cutler were both buried 
iu Capt. Pott's Tomb, and I cannot find tlie Until Cutler mentioned in cither of the 
Cutler genealogies, I Hunk sin; was also a dim. of Dr. Cutler. Capt. Foil died in 
1790. His will is dated Feb. 20, 17U0; proli. May 11, 1790. Mentions wife Joanna, 
and a sister, but no children. There is no mention of a tomb iu the inventory. 

187. AitiGAii., b. ; d. Nov. — , 17G3; buried Nov. 24, 1700, from Christ Church, I5oston. 

46 Dr. Samuel J Mather (Hannah 3 Treat, Robert* Richard 1 ), bom , 1077, 

in Bran ford, Conn. ; died Feb. 6, 1745-6, aged sixty-eight (gravestone, Windsor, Conn.) ; 
married, lirst, April 13, 1704, Aisigail Grant who died Sept. 1, J 722, aged forty-three 
(gravestone, Windsor), and daughter of Samite! and Mary (Porter) Grant; second, 
M&3 15, 1723, Hannah Bucki.and, who died March 23, 175S, aged sixty- four (grave- 
stone, Windsor), and daughter of Nicholas Buuklaud. He graduated tit Harvard in 1C9S. 
AY us a noted physician. 

Children, born iu Windsor: 

188. EiAakim, 3 b. Feb. 10, 1701-7,: d. Sept. 24, 1712. 

IsO. Samukl, li. Jan. 0, 170G; d. April 29, 1771) (g. s-, Northampton, Mass ); m. . Mar- 
tha Holcomb, wlio d. Dec. 2, 1785, in lier 7Bth year (g. s., Northampton;. Ho gradu- 
ated at Vale in 1720. Was the lirst regular physician iu Northampton, when he 
practised for 50 years, lie was selectman for twelve or fourteen terms; justice of 
the peace from April, 1754 ; in 1762 was appointed special justice of the county court 
of common pleas. He had six children. 

J90. TiMoiiiY, b. April 23, 1710; d. April 5, 1752, aged 12 (g. s., Windsor); in. , Sarah 

Marshall. Had four children. 

191. Abigail, b. Sept. J, 1714; d. in infancy. 

192. Nathaxiel, b. Aug. S, 17iG; d. Aug. 31, 177(1, aged 54 (g. s.) ; m. ■, Elizabi lh Al- 

lyu, who d. May 7, 1791, aged OS (g. s., Windsor). Had fourteen children. 

193. JOSEl-ri, b. M.t) 81, 171s; cl. Dee 27, 1732, aged 14 (g. S., Windsor). 

194. Cuahlks, b. Feb. 16, 1719-20; cl. July 9, 1700, aged 17 (g. s., Windsor). 

195. AniGAii., b. March 0, 1721; d. Juno 9, 1711; in. , Capt. Gideon Wolcott, who d. 

June 5, )701, in his 50th year, and son of Henry and Rachel Wolcott. lie in., 2d, 
, Naomi Olmsted. 

196. Hannah, h. Aug. 12, 1727; d. March IS, 17G1, aged 31 (g. s., Windsor). 

197. LUCY, b. Feb. US, 1729; d. Jan. 1, 1771. 

J9S. Fi.i/.aiu:iii. b. Jan. 22, 1731 ; d. Feb. 1, 1813; m. May 2, 1751, John Allyn. 
199. Ei.iakim, b. Sept. 20, 173-'; d. June II, 1S10, aged 84; in. Dee. 1. 1755, Sarah Newberry, 
a gr. dan. of Gov. Hoger Wolcott, and a niece of Gov. Oliver Wolcott. 

58 Capt. Joseph' 1 Treat (Joseph* Robert? Richard 1 ), born March 21, 1693, in Mil- 
ford, Conn. ; died May — , 177:', in his eightieth year, in Milford ; married, lirst, June 9, 
1720, Hannah Buckingham, born March 12, 1701-2, died May 25, 1733, in her thirty- 
Bccond vear (gravestone, Milford), and daughter of John and Sarah Buckingham ; second, 

Sept. 20, 1734, Ci.kmence Buckingham, born June 3, 1710, died , a cousin of his 

lirst wile, anil daughter of Gideon and Sarah (Hunt.) Bnckinglinm. She is said to have mar- 
ked, second, , Merwin. lie and his wile, Hannah, were admitted to lull 

communion in the First church, Milford, June 28, 1700. He subsequently united with the 
Second society. May 7, 1724, ho had about 200 acres of land laid out on Shepaug neck, 
New Milford. lie did not settle there himself, but two of his sons did. In May, 1739, 


lie was appointed ensign of the First Co. of the train band in Milford, and in 1711, lieu- 
tenant. He was afterwards captain. He was a deputy from Milford for Qvo years, be- 
tween 1748 and 175G. Was selectman of the tow u in 1770 and 1771. His will is dated 
March 1G, 1772. ' Wife Clement and sun Stephen were executors. Mentions wife 
Clement; daughters Jane, Frances, Kli/.abeth, Hannah San ford — who received his silver 
tankard, — Clement Ingersoll, and Sarah Fenn, wife ofl$enjamin Fenn, jr. ; sons Stephen, 
Joseph, John — who had his silver mounted can< — and Gideon. The personal property 
ofliis estate was inventoried at £420, real estate at £1049 in Mil ford, and £183 in New 
Milford and Litchfield. 

Children, born and baptized in Milford, by his first marriage: 

200. JOSKI'U,* b. July 9, 1721 ; d. Aug. 12, 1721. 

201. Josbi'h, b. Nov. 28, 1722; bapt. June 28, 1730; <1. July 27. 1701 , m. , Mary Mer- 


202. Jons. b. Sept. 4, 1721; bapt. June 28, 1700; d. May 27, 1S04; m. Aug. 17, 1749, I'hebe 


203. Hannah, b. May 11. 1728; bapt. June 2s, 1730; d. ■ ; in. , Jolin Sanford. 

By his second marriage : 

204. RiciiAKU, 5 b. Feb. 2, 1735-G; bapt. Feb. 22, 1735-6; <1. April 8, 17G0, in his 25th year 

(g. s., Milford) ; lnini. 

205. GiDKos.b. Maya, J 737 ; bapt. May 8, 1737; d. Oct. 10,1746, in his 10th year (g. s., Milford). 
20G. Jam:, b. Ann. 24, 1739; bapt. Aug. 26, 17:'.'.'; d. Aim. 14, 178."), of consumption, in her 

4fith year (g. s., Milford) ; unra. 
207. Stkmikjt, b. June 22, 1741; bapt June 27, 1741; d. Nov 29, 1S07, ill his G7th year (g. s., 

Milford); in., 1st, , Deborah Newton, bapt. July—. 1751, d. June 18, 1782, aged 

CO, and dan. of Samuel and Deborah Newton ; 2d Die. 20, 1785, Sarah Lambert, whod. 
Dee. 31, 1825, aged 79 (g. s.), and dan. of Jesse and Anne (l J eek) Lambert. Mr. Treat 
■was noted for his eccentricities. Professed till his death to boa subject of King 
George, and annually celebrated his birth and coronation day by the firing of cannon. 
Was an outspoken and brave Tory. Induced a niece to name a son George Ilex In- 
gersoll by a gift .of laud. There was no steeple on the Second church till 1799, when 
one was built by subscription. Stephen Treat gave the bell. His will is dated Nov. 
— , Ks07, and the estate was divided Jan. 16, 1808; inventory §317S.S1. Mentions wife 
and relations. Had no children. 

208. Clkvikncis b. July 18, 1743; bapt. July 21, 1743; d. May 18, 1817; in. March 9, 1768, 

David Ingersoll. 

209. Kaimii, b. Jtih 20, 1710; bapt, July 20, 1710; d. Aug. 12. 1S38 ; in., 1st, Oct. 31, 1765, 

Lieut, lienjauiin Feun, jr. ; 2d, , 1797, Maj. Elisha Fellows. 

210. (in.!. in, b. Oct. 22, 1747; bapt. Oct. 25, 1747 ; d. July 11, 1811; m. Nov. 13,1770, Lu- 

crctia Washburn. 
21i. Frances, Ik March 6, 1700; bapt. March 17, 1700; d. Nov. 27, 1831 ; m. Aug. 31, 1772. 
Gideon Camp. 

212. F.i.i/ b. Nov. 5, 1702 (church records missing from May 25, 1755 to March 11, 

1707); d. Oct. 7. 1S01, aged 49 (g. S., Milford); in. , Enoch Clark. 

213. David, b. Dec. 3, 175G; d. . 

59 Ann 4 Treat {Joseph, 3 Robert *Michard l ), born Jan. 30, 1G9G, in Mil lord, Conn. ; 
died Dec. 31, 1 ?23, in her twenty-eighth year (gravestone, Milford) ; married Sept.. 25, 
1718, Milks Mkuwin, jr., who died .May 1 1, 17(54, in his forty-fifth year (gravestone, 
Miirord). For bis .second wife he married Nov. 11, L730, Mrs. Mary Allen, of New Haven. 
Children of Miles and Ann Mcrwin, horn in Milford : 
211. Milks, 6 b. Nov. 29, 1719; tl Aug. 9, 1721. 
210. Ann, b. Dec. 20, 1723. 


61 Sarah' 1 Treat (Josqrii,* Robert? Richard 1 ), born June G, 1099, in Mil ford, Conn. ; 
died Nov. 12, 1748,in her forty-ninth year (gravestone, Mil ford) ; married Mareli 15, 
1721-2, as Ins second wile, Ricuaiu> 4 Bhvan, jr., son of Richard and Sarah (Matt) 
Bryan. He was admitted to the First church, Milford, June 27,1741. The records 
speak oT the baptism, May 31, 1730, of '"Richard, Mehitable, Sarah and Frances, chil- 
dren of Richard Bryan, jr." Jlis line of descent is : Richard, :1 horn Oct., 1GG6; died 
Jan., 1734-5; Richard, 2 born in England; Alexander, 1 born in England. For his 
first wife he married Mehitable Clark, daughter of Samuel and Mary Clark, who died 
Aug. (?), 1721, after giving birth to twins: Richard 5 (twin), born Aug. 15, ITl'1 ; died 

; married Jan. 13, 1742, Sarah Fowler, daughter of John and Susan Fowler, who 

died Feb. 5, 1803, aged eighty (gravestone), lie was called Captain Bryan. Mehitable 5 
(twin), born Aug. 15, 1721; died dune 7, 17U3 (gravestone, Milford); married about 
1740, David Ingersoll, born Sept. 4, 1720, died Feb. 11, 1742 (gravestone). 

For his third wife he married , Sarah Merwin, daughter of John Menvin, and 

by her had o daughtei Sarah, 5 unmarried a! the time of his death. 

Children of Richard and Sarah Bryan, horn and baptized in Mil lord: 

aiC. Sahaji,' b. June i, 172:''.; bapt. May 31, 1730; cl. Oct. 2(i, 1730, in her 17th year (g. si. 

217. FiiAXCES, b Aug. 1i'., 1720; bapt. May 31. 1730; d. June 13, 1800; in. June 27, 1751, Dca. 

Samuel 5 Treat. See 164. 

218. Ann. b. Teh. 10, 1730-1 ; bapt. April 25, 173] ; A. June 2S, 1800; m. , John 3 Treat. 

See 166. 
219. Makv, b. March 7, 1730; bapt. May 9, 1736; d. ; m. , Zachariah Marks. 

6-1 Rev. Richard" Treat (Joseph,* Robert, 12 Richard 1 ), bom Sept. 28, 170S, in 
Milford, Conn.; died Nov. 29, 1778, in Abington, Penn. ; man nil, fust, .May 24,1733, 
by license, in the First Presbyterian church, Philadelphia, Math - Thomas, who died Sept. 

2-', 1742, in her twenty-ninth year; second, , Mrs. Reukcca Leech, 1 who died 

July 1, 1 7R.">, in her seventy-sixth year, and widow of Isaac Leech, who was a member of 
t lie Provincial council of Pennsylvania, and a large land proprietor in and around Philadel- 
phia. His fatherTobey Leech, came to America about 1700. Mr. Treat graduated at Yale 
in 17'25, and received the degree of S.T.I), from the same institution in 1776. He was 
admitted to full communion in the First church, Milford, Oct. 4, 1730. After preaching 
sonic three years in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, he was ordained over the church at 
Abington, Montgomery Co., Penn., about ten miles from Philadelphia, by the Philadel- 
phia Presbytery, Lee. 30, 1731. David Evans preached the sermon and spoke of him as 
a godly and considerate man. lie. was a member of the Philadelphia Presbytery from 
1732 to 1741-2. In 1739 and 1740, Whitefield came to Abington. Under his preach- 

1 From The Pennsylvania Gazette of July 20, 1785 : 

"(in the lsl instant died, at the house of Mr. Samuel Erwin, in the Manor of Morelaml, Mrs. Re- 
becca Treat, widow .>!' Lhc Reverend Dr. Treat, late of Abington. She was a -woman of a strong 
and decisive mind, and remarkable for a quick and penetrating discernment. She was engaged in 
the early pari of her life in active and busy scenes, and was distinguished for the prudence and firm- 
ness of her conduct. But this is her lowest pi uise. sin- wasa good woman and a pious Christian, 
exemplary in the discharge of all the private and relative duties, beloved by lea' friends, and re- 
spected by all who knew her. She bore her lns1 illness with Christian resignation, and when ex- 
hausted nature after a few struggles nave up the contest, she calmly sank away, and expired in the 
7Gth year of her age. She was interred in the grave where the venerable remains of her former 
husband were deposited, and a funeral sermon well adapted to the occasion was preached by the 
Kcvcreiid Mr. Tennant. from J Cor. xv, 54." 

200 robeht treat: fourth generation. 

ing which was often in the grave j aid, Mr. Treat became "convicted of sin," and felt Lliat 
lie had heretofore indulged in false hopes. lie became a revivalist. His zeal and fervor 
for lost, sinners was greatly increased, ami his labors were blessed in a wonderful degree, 
yet there was some dissension in the congregation. The Philadelphia Presbytery now 
began to regard him as a "ringleader in destroying learning and good order." He ac- 
cordingly withdrew from them in June, 17-11, and with others like himself, who were zeal- 
ous for what they regarded as evangelical religion, joined the New Brunswick Presbytery, 
under the name of the synod of New York. He became a prominent man in the councils 
of the society. In June, 1743, he visited Abington, ami preached to the secedcrs from 
the old church, who had formed a new church, and intended to settle over them, but the 
strong opposition from the old society prevented this step. William Black, in his Journal, 
shows how the "New Lights" were regarded by some : 

'•Alter the Dismissing of this Congregation, I went a Second time to join the New 
Lights where 1 found one Treat, holding forth, but never in my life did I hear or see any 
like him pretend to mount a Pulpit. I thought with myself, Surely he was very Dark and 
■wauled some New Light very much. 1 cou'd not for my life find the least Connection 
between any of the Sentences of his Discourse, at last being tir'd with his Ilarrangue 1 
came of." Philadelphia, Sunday, June 10, 17-1 1. 

In 1741. there arose a trouble in the church at Mil ford, Conn. Some forty-seven per- 
sons, dissatisfied with Mr. Whittclsey's moderate religious opinions, seceded and estab- 
lished a Presbyterian (•lunch. They met- with much opposition from the old society, hut 
iu Nov., 3742, built a church and placed themselves under the Presbytery of New Bruns- 
wick. They held the first public meeting the first Sunday in Dec, 1.741, in a private 
house. Mr. Treat was sent to Milford to heal the difficulties there, and preached for 
them in June, 1743. But instead of coming to an agreement among themselves, they ex- 
tended him a call Aug. 10, 1713, which by advice of the Presbytery of New Brunswick, 
he declined. In 17.M, the Abington Presbytery was formed, of which Mr. Treat was a 
member till it was merged into the Philadelphia Presbytery in 1758, the "Old Side" and 
the "New Light" parties having united. Jan. It, 177)0, Richard Treat, and others, in- 
habitants of the province of Pennsylvania, signed a petition to the king for putting the 
colony in a state of defence against the French and Indians. This was aimed especially 
against the Quakers who from religious scruples were averse to bearing arms. 

lie often preached on the West Branch of the Forks 1 of the Delaware, Allen township, 
Cumberland Co. ; at tiie ordination of Lawrence in 1717 ; at the institution of Lev. Mr. 
(Mark, Oct. 13, 17G2, and shortly before his death which took place in 177S. He was re- 
garded as a very .pious man and a peace-maker, and died full of good works and much 
regretted. Mr. Treat was one of the trustees of the college of New Jersey, at Princeton, 
from its charter organization in 1748, till his death. He published a sermon preached 
April 2, 17-17, at the Porks of the Delaware, at the ordination of Daniel Lawrence; a. 
sermon preached at the funeral of president Samuel Finley, 17G6, who was ordained 1740, 
died 17G6, aged fifty, and president of New Jersey college ; and a letter in The Penn- 
syloaniu Chronicle for .Inly is. 17G8. His wife and three sons, — Lev. Joseph, Dr. Mala- 
ehi and Dr. Samuel, • — survived him. 

'W'lfilciirlil purchased 5000 acres .if land at the Forks of the Delaware in 1740, fur C2200, to form 
a settlement I'm- those persecuted lor conscience' sate. Sec also History of Allen Township Pres- 
byterian Church, I'hil., 187G. 



The following epitaphs are to be found in the Presbyterian graveyard in Abington. 
Tliere are no town records. 

in M km ory ok 

tiik i;kvd. richard treat, d.d. 

born september ye 28™ 170s 


Beneath this marble sleeps tiii dust . 
Ok TREAT tub great the good & just. 


His counsel w isk his doctrine plain 


Mors Sanctis vita Eterna. 



wife of revd. RICHARD TREAT 

WHO DECEAS'l) 7 Bn YE 22", 1742 

A gigantic tulip tree grows directly out of her grave, between the head and foot-stones, 
both of which are partially embedded in the tree. It was necessary to cut a hole in the 
trunk in order to lind the year of her death. 






Ml',. ISAAC LEECH dkcic'd 



who depai: I'HD 'i ins life 
JULY 1 st a. d. 1785 


208 ROBERT treat': fourth generation. 

Children, born and baptized in Abington, by his first marriage: 

220. JosKm 5 , b. ; bapt. April 21, 173-1; d. , 1707; in. , Mrs. Elizabeth 

(Bryant) Woodruil' 
221. Mat.aciii, 1>. 1 bapt. March 18, 1735-0; .1 Jnly29, 179.T, in New York, unm. Noth- 
ing is known of the early life of Dr. Treat. He was probably named aft< r tin Hev. 
Malachi Jones, from Wales, who organized tlie first Presbyterian church in Abington, 
in 1741. Was a practising physician in New York as early as 17(1!). in 1775, lie was 
admitted n professor of medicine in King's, now Columbia College, New York, and the 
same year was made surgeon of a militia company. lie had been for a long time one 
of the board of examiners Cor the admission of enndidalosinto the hospital department 

from New York. Feb. 22, 1770, he was reqi Led by the X. V. Provincial Council to 

find sonic place for a hospital Cor soldiers. < In April 1 1, he was requested by the New 
York committee of Safely to take care of the small pos patients sent to Little-barn 
island. June 6, he was ordered by the council to take charge of certain medicines, and 
be paid a reasonable sum for his trouble; bul on Aug. 9, lie turned them over as not be- 
ing safe in New Jersey. Oct. 20, 1770, he received from thcN. Y. committee of safety, 
£107 7s. Gd., his accouul for medicines and attendance. April 11, 1777, lie was ap- 
pointed physician genera! o£ the hospital for the northern department. The paj was 
§5 pe.r day and six ratiuns. Sept. 30, 17S0, n bill was Ipassed Cor re-organizing (he 
hospital department, and Ocl 6, Dr. Treat was chosen chieC hospital physician, being 
known as n surgeon of the very highest order. Sept. 20, 17-;:, the commander-in-chief 
granted furloughs to such of the medical stall' as were no longer necessary, which was 
equivalent to an abandonment of the hospital department. The office of regent of the 
university of Now York, was created by an act of the legislature of New York, May 1, 
J 7X1. Finding it difficult to assemble a quorum of that body, as many of fhem lived 
a! a distance from tin- city, the system was e.lia nged lv\ a new act, Nov. 12, 1781, and 
new appointments were made. Dr. Treat of New York city was added Nov. 20, 17SL 
Feb. 13, 1 780 he with others signed a memorial to the New York L :gisla1 are in favoi 
of Vermont as a separate state He and W. W. Morris were the patentees of the vil- 
lage of Greene, Chenango Co., N. Y. Hi was also one of the trustees of Columbia 
College 1792-3. Was health officer of the porl of New York at the time of his death 
by yellow fever, July 25, 1795. The Journal of that date speaks of him as "eminent in 
his profession and beloved by all who knew him." 

22?.. Samuel, !». ; bapt. March 5, 1737-8; d. Feb. 11, 1812; m. , Ague- IToIlings- 


223. EuzAiiKTH, b. ; bapt. Sept. 29, 1710; d. . 

221. Mary, b. ;bapt. Nov. 4, 1742 ;d. April S, 174C,agecl 3yrs. mos. (g. s., Abington). 

C5 Edmund 1 Treat (Joseph* Robert* Richard 1 ), born Nov. 20, 1710, in Mil ford, 
Conn. ; died Sept.. 22, 1801, aged 91, in Milford ; married, first, - — , Alice But kinc- 
iiam, born Nov. 20, 1715, died June 1, 17.s."), aged CO, and daughter of Gideon and Sarah 

(Hunt) Buckingham; second, May S, 1786, Rlc/a isktii Oviatt, who died . In 

the copy of the church records her name is incorrectly spelled Uvit, and she is there 
staled to be acred 21, and he To. For her second husband she. married, May 31, 1804, 
Elias Smith, of New Milford, Conn. lie was among those who in 1742 qualified in order 
to form the Second Society. Was a fanner. As domestic animals were allowed to feed 
at large and in common hy the early settlers, every owner was obliged to distinguish his 
creatures from his neighbors' by private marks, which were registered in the town records, 
thus: "Edinond Treat marks his creatures with a tennnnt on the left, ear & a cross of ye 
lop of right ear. Entered April 4tli, 1732." "Edmund Treat marks his Geese by cut- 
ting a slit down ye right foot between ye outside claw and ye. middle claw. Entered Kob. 
28ih, 17lo-!." A committee appointed to settle Edmund Treat's charges for caring for 
a eow found in a suU'ciiug condition, awarded hi in CI 10s., May II, 17-17, His will was 


dated Jan. 15, 1790. Inventory in lands and household goods amounted to £1031 17s. 
9d. Mentions wife Elizabeth and his four children. 
Children, horn in Milford, by his first marriage: 

225. Donat.T), 5 b. ; A. March 24, 1803; m , 1st, , Mary ; 2d, — ■ — , Mrs. 

Sarah (Smith) Stone. 

22G. Ann, b. about 1735; (1. Dec. G, 1812, aged 77 (g. s., Milford) ; in. , Capt. Nathan 

Clark, bapt. April— , 1730, d. July 4, 1807, aged 75 (g s ,) and son of Thomas Clark. Had 

a son, Treat Clark, b. , 1705; d. May 27, 1S30, aged 65; m., 1st, Dec is, 179G, Sibyl 

Ncttlctoii;2d, Au-.;., 1805, Nancy Clark, who d. Feb. 18,1847, agcdGG(g. s , Milford). 

227. Sakah, b. about 1744 ; tl. Jan. 0, 1813, aged GO; m. Fletcher rrudden. 

By his second marriage : 

228. Isaac, b. Feb. 22, 1788; bapt. April G, 1788; d. Sept. 23, 1838; m. Feb. 10, 1810, Elea- 

nor E. Stilus. 

66 Elizabeth 4 Treat (Joseph, 3 Robert,' 3 Richard}), born Doc. 12, 1712, in Milford, 
Conn.; died ; married Sept. 2, 173(i, James Davidson. Administration was 

"ranted on his estate to widow Elizabeth March 8, 17(M, and in April following she was 
appointed guardian to her minor son rsaae. 
Children of .lames and Elizabeth Davidson, born in Milford : 

229. James'. 5 b. Aug. 24, 1737; bapt. An-. 28, 1737; d. April G, 182G, aged 89 (g. s., Milford) ; 

in. , Anna , who d. Nov. 12, 1S2C, aged 84. Was a captain. He and his 

wife were admitted to the First church .March 1G, 17ss. 

230. John, b. Dec. 15, 1739. 

231. AMnmv, b. April 1G, 1741; bapt. April 19, 1741. 

22.2. Joseph, b. ; bapt. Jan. 9, 1742-3. 

22.3. Ricuauu, b. ; bapt. .May 11, 17JC. 

234. Isaac, b. . 

67 Samuel 4 Treat (Josejrfi 3 Robert, 5 Richard 1 ), born Aug. 13, 1.714, in Milford., 

Conn. ; died (sonic j ears before 1802), in Washington, Conn. ; married, first, Oct. 

2G, 1 74.3, Bkdlau Jennings, of Fairfield, Conn. ; second, , Mehetabi.e . She 

must have been dead in 1795, when Mr. Treat signed a deed of land. His granddaugh- 
ters write me that they never heard that their grandfather was twice married. Perhaps 
Mehelable in the church records may be a mistake, or his. wife, Jennings, may have had 
two names, lie removed from Milford to Washington and, with his wife, Mchetable, 
united with the Congregational church there in 1 757, by letters from the church in Milford. 
Previous to 1779, this town formed a part of the town of Woodbury. He afterwards 
joined the Church of England, and St. John's Church having been organized in 1792, 
soon after the name of Samuel Treat appears among the members. He was wont to re- 
mark that, "One could make a very good churchman, after thai lie had been everything 
else." June I, 1795, he gave n deed to Joseph Titus. 

Children, the (irsl six and perhaps others, bom in Milford and baptized in the First 
church there, by his first marriage ; the ninth, by wife Mchetable, baptized at Washington : 

235. Samuel 8 (twin), b. Oct. 29, 1 7-1 4 ; bapt. Nov. 21, 1744; d. in infancy, probably. 

236. Mary (twin), b Oct. 29, 1744 ;bapt. Nov. 21, 1744; d. ; in. Sept. 27, 17G2, JoelTitns. 

237. Bl5Ul.AH, i). Jan. 15, 1745-G ; bapt. between Jan. 19 and Feb. !l, 1745-G; d. March 30, 
1844, aged 92 (98?), ill Watertown, Conn. Shem. , Manville, of Water- 
town. 1 suppose ho was David Manville who d. April G, 1839, aged 93. He in., 

1st, Susanna , who d. Oct. 21. 179G. Widow Beulali Manville d, March 30, 

1844, aged 92, according to a record. Think she was Beulali Treat, though hci age is 
given as 92, instead of 98. 



2:(S. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 19, 1717; d. iii Infancy. 

239. Elnathan Pkkt, b. • j bapt. June 18, 17-10: d. in infancy. 

210. Ei.nathan Pkkt, b. ; bapt. Sept. 1, 1751 ; A. . 

241. Samuel Pkkt, b. Sept. 29, 177.1 ; A. July 5, ls:J7; m. . Sarah Tlionipson. 

212. Ei.iZAiiETii, b. aboul 175G;d. Feb. 19, 1841, aged 85. in Washington. She was an in- 
valid and never walked a step for seven years, between the a^s of 16 and 25. 

243. AliUAit, b. about 1761; bapt. Dec. 15, 1761 ; U. Jan. 5, 1799; m. , Mary Sperry. 

241. Hbi-ziuah, 1). ; d. ; m. , Warner. Had a son, Treat" Warner. 

68 Stephen" Treat (Joseph, 3 Robert,- Richard 1 ) , born Oct.. 10, 1715, in Mil ford,' 
Conn,; died Nov. 13, 1794, aged 79, in Middle-town, Conn. ; married, first, June 12, 1746, 
Miriam Clark, born March 15, 1726-7, died July 12, 1754, and daughter of Joseph and 
Miriam (Cornwell) Clark; second, Dec. 9, 1756, Mrs. Mekcy Bkonson, of Farniington, 
Conn., who died Feb. 28, 1810. Mr. Treat was admitted to full communion in the church 
at Micklletown, Aug. 18, 1765. Three of his daughters, Mercy, .Anne and Ruth, were 
baptized in infancy, and Miriam was admitted to the church July 2, 1769, upon profes- 
sion of faith. Mr. Treat early removed from Milford to Middletown and passed his life 

Children, born and some of them baptized in Middletown, by his first marriage : 
24H. Rteviiujt, 5 b. May 26, 1717; d. ; m., 1st, Dec. 2. 1773, Grace Sage; 2d, . 

246. Mihiam, b. Oct. 30,1748; rt. ; in., 1st-, , Abraham Rauncy ; 2d, -, 

Johnson. Slier was baptized July 2, 17C9, on profession. 

247. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 2d. 1750; d. ; m. , Josiah Wilcox. 

248. Joiik, b. Oct. 23, 1753; d. Xcv. IS, 1S22; m. Nov. 27, 1783, Elizabeth Ltincton. 

By liis second marriage: 

249. Amos, b. Oct. 22, 1707; .1. Nov. fi, 17S8; in., 1st, Feb. 8, 1781, Mary Wilcox; 2d, Dee. 2G, 

17s7, Re becco Stow. 

250. Mkkcy, oi Majiy, b. May 23, 1758; bapt. Nov. 4, 3759; d. , 179J ; probably unra. 

251. Hannah, b. .April 13, 17'!) ; d. ; m. , Solomon Sage, jr. 

252. Ansjj, b. Aug. 20, 17G3; bapt. Sept. 1!, 1763; d. ; m., 1st, , Malony; 

£53. Ruth, b. May 1, 17G6; bapt, .May 18, 17CG; d. ; m. 




69 Robert"' Freeman (Jaw 1 Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert, 3 Richard 1 ), horn Ani;. 12, 
1696, in Eastham, Mass.; died Sept. 27, 1755, in l'omfrel, Conn. ; married April 5, 1722, 
Mart Faixk, of Eastham, Lorn Feb. 1, 1695-6, and daughter of Klishn Paino. She mar- 
ried for her second husband, Deacon Waldo, of Norwich, Conn. He moved from Truro, 
Mass., to Canterbury, Conn., before the birth (if Lis last child. All the children were 
married except Elijah, and all the others, except Hannah and Simeon, resided in Connec- 
ticut. * 

Children, the first ei;_dit born and baptized in Truro, the ninth in Canterbury: 

254. Elijah," b. Jan. C, 1722-3; <1. about 1748, aged 25, in Nova Scotia; nnm. 

255. Rkbecca, b. Sept. 23, 172-1 ; el. ; in. , Abraham Paine, 

25(i. Hawaii, b. April 23, 1720; rl. ; ni. , Capt. — : — - Chapman, of Boston. 

Had two children : 

Hannah' Chapman, b. . Joseph' Chapman, b. •. 

257. RORICKT, b. Dec. 31, 1727. 

258. Mary, b. Aug. 18, 1729; d. ; m. . Holmes. 

259. Eusiia, b. July 2, 1731 ; d. about 1830, aged 99; ra. , Mercy, or Mary, Vincent.. 

200. Si.mi.ov, b. .April 28, 1733; A. July 22, 1772, aged 39, in Boston; m. (pub. Jan. 12, 17G3) 
Elizabeth Jackson in Boston. Was a sea captain. 

2C1. Mercy, b. March 11, 1735-6; d. ; m. Olmsted. 

2C2. Auigail, b. — - — ; d. ; ni. ■ , ■ Howell. 

72 Capt. Constant 5 Freeman (Jane 4 Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert,* Richard*), born 
March 25, 1700, in Eastham, Mass. ; died May 3, 1756, aged fifty-six (gravestone, North 
Truro, Mass.) ; married, first, Oct. 20, 1726, Ann 4 Laukin, of Cliarlestown, Mass., born 
May 1.6, I/O I, diedJan. 26, 1730, daughter of Edward and Mary (Walker) Larkin, and 
a younger sister of Mary Larkin, who married Joseph 4 Treat, Mr. Freeman's uncle ; sec- 
ond, , Mrs. Janic (Ela) Doaxe, widow of Nehemiah Doane, of Boston. She died 

May 21, 17ec2, in her fifty-eighth year (gravestone, North Truro). Mr. Freeman's estate 
was taxed in Cliarlestown in 172 ( ,l. He returned to Truro, and was a fanner, a mariner, 
and a captain in the militia. 

Children, the first two born and baptized in Cliarlestown, the others in Truro, by his 
first marriage : 

2(13. Ansa, 6 b. July 27, 1727; d. June 3. 1814, a widow, in Brunswick, Me. ; m. May 2S, 17G7, 
Isaac Higgins, of Eastham. 
264. Constant, b. May 12, 1729; d. Feb. 6, 1803; m. 1st., Sept. 19, 1754, Lois Cobb; 2d, Jan. 
81, 1792, Mrs. Susanna (Ca/.ncau) Palfrey; 3d, Dec 11, 1790, Susannah Mitchell. 

By his second marriage: 

23.",. John Ela, b. Sept. 9, 1731 ; d. , in Jamaica ; unm. 

233. Njkiikmiaii, b. ; bapt. Dee. (, ]737; d. in infancy. 

2G7. M iuy, b. March 5, 1740-1 ; d. Aug. — , 1 700 ; m. April G, 1731, Silas Knowlcs. 

233. Nkiiumiau, 1) June 7, 17!3; d. , 17C2, drowned a< -;ca. 

200. Eunicb, b. Oct. 12, 1743; d. ; in. Dee. 0, 173s, iie/.ckiali Harding, of Truro. He- 
moved to Brunswick, Mo. 

73 Mercy"' Freeman (./one 4 Treat, Samuel 3 Robert? Richard 1 ), born Aug. 31,1 702, 
in Eastham, Mass. ; died Dec. — , )7.sG, aged eighty-four (gravestone, North Truro, Mass.), 


but Nov. 10, 1784, by a private record; married, first, Oct. 8, 17J9, Caleb 4 Hoi'iun.s, 1 

born — , in Easthnm, died nhonl 17 11 ; second, June 28, 17 10, Benjamin Husgiks, of 

Easthiim, born April 19, 1701, died - — , and ;i son of Isaac and Lydia Uiggins; third, 
Dec. 5, 1771, Ebexkxeh Pykk, of Truro, who died duly 23, 1777, aged eighty-two (grave- 
stone, North Truro). She was admitted I" full communion in the church at Truro, April 
37, 1720, and dismissed to Easthain, Aug. 13, 1749, after her marriage to Mr. Uiggins. 
After his death she returned to Truro, and married Mr. Dyer. She died at the house of 
her daughter, Mercy, who married John Grozier. Caleb Hopkins, her first husband, 
yeoman, was one of the first, settlers in Truro. Meadow land was laid out to him on 
Pamct river as early as June 17, 1703. He also owned meadow land at East Harbor at tin 
time of liis death. His son, Constant Hopkins, was appointed executor of his estate, Get. 
21,1741. He died intestate. The inventory, dated Nov. 29, 1 71 1 , amounted to £U7J 
1.2s. Mr. Thomas S. Hopkins, of 'Washington, D. ('., is preparing a genealogy of the 
Hopkins family, and 1 am under obligations to him for favors. 

Children of Caleb and Mercy Hop! ins, liorn and baptized in Truro: 

270. Constant,' I).' July 28, 1720) bant. Aug. 21, 1720; it. June IS, 1S00; m. Pee. 1, 1748, 

Phebe Paine. 

271. Maiiy, b Julj 18, 1722; July 22, 1722; d. Oct. 21, 1795; m. Oct. 21, 1747, John 

Cross, of Boston. 

272. Thankful, b. May 20, 1724; bnpt. June 2S, 1724; d. ; m., 1st, June 22, 174G, 

Elisha Paine; 2d, , 1757, Freeman Higgim. 

278. C'.w.mi. b. July 28, 1720; bapt. July 31, 172H; <l. Sept.. 12 Co) 30, family record), 1700; 

m., 1st, Nov. 4,1747, Mary Paine; 2d, June 16, 1777, .lane Vernon; 3d, March 22, 1781, 

Mary Williams. 

274. Jonathan, b. July 27, 172S; bapt. An:;. 25, 1728; d. , at sea. 

275. Simeon, b. Feb. 7, 1731-2; bapt. March 12, 1732; d. ; m. Aug. 2s, 17S5, Betty 

27G. Mercv, b. April 2,"., 1734 ; bapt. May 26, 1734 ; d. April 26, 1811 , m. , John Gro 

277. James, 1). Aug. 10, 173C; bapl Sept. 19, 173G; d. ; m. Mehotable Freeman. 

278. JOSHUA, b. Jan. 10, 1738-9; bapl. Feb. 4, 1739; d. , at sea. 

279. Aiiiel (dau.), b. Aug. 21, 1741 ; bapt, Sept. 27. 1711. and called tin dan. of Mercy Hop- 

kins, whereas the others are called the children <>f Caleb Hopkins, which proves that 
the father was dead at that date; d. . 

74 Hannah'' Freeman (Jane* Treat, Samuel,* Robert* Pac.harcV), born May 3, 
1701, in Easthain, Mass. ; died Jan. 13, J 758, in her yea' (gravestone, North 
Truro) ; married Aug. 20, 1725, as his second wile, Micaii 4 Gnoss, 2 of Truro, mariner, 

'Stephen' Hopkins, b. , in England ; d. , 1644, in Plymouth; in., 1st, — — ; 2d, , 

Elizabeth , villi whom, and son Giles and daughter Constance, children by Ins first wife, 

ho came to New England in the Mayflower, in 1G2U. He bad nine children,— three sons and six 
daughters. His oldest sen: 

Giles 3 Hoi-kins, b. , in England; d. about. 1090, in Easthani ; in. Oct. — , 1039, CtUli- 

uriuf, or "CaUme," Weldon, \vho died March ."., 1C8S-9. Lived in iTarniouth for several years, 
and then returned to Eastham. Will dated Jan. 19, 1682, probated April 22, 1690. Had ten chil- 
dren, - live sons and five daughters. Hi- third son : 

C.u.F.n' IIoi'KINS, I). .Ian. — , 1650-1, 111 HaMham; d. , 172s, in Haslhain, in. , Alnrij 1177- 

Uam's. Had four children, —three sous and one daughter. His oldest son : 

Calkii 4 Hopkins, li. ; m. Mercy Freeman, as above. 

8 The name ol Gross is variously spelled in old records— Grossc, Groose, Groce, Grose, and 


who died Oct. 8, ITT):!, in his sixty-eighth year (gravestone, North Truro). She owned 
the covonnnt May 1, 1726. Mr. Cross' will is dated May 27, 1753: probated Dec. -N 
1753. Mentions wile Hannah; children Simon, Ebenczer, Israel, Mary Stephens, Jonah. 
Benjamin, Hannah and John. Son John was 'Ho learn the mariners' art." To grandson 
Mieah, son of Jonah Gross, was given a silver headed cane. 

Children ofMicah and Hannah Gross, born and baptized in Truro: 

280. Micaii, 6 b. Feb. 20, 1726-7; cl. , lost at sea.. 

281. Jonah, b. Dec. 11, 172S; d. ; m. Dec. 21, 174!), Dorcas Dyer. 

282. Josei'h, b. April 2G, 1731 ; cl. , lost at sea. 

28.'?. Bksjajiin, b. Scp1 G, 1733; cl , 175'J; m. March 17, 1757, Ruth Dyer. 

284. Hannah, b. Feb. — , 1735-0; cl. in infancy. 

285. Hannah, 1>. March 17, 1740-1; d. - — ; in. March 20, 1700, .T.ilm Ridley. 

280. John, b. Feb. 6, 1744; d. (?) Jan. 12, 1823, aged 7s. 

75 Eunice 5 Freeman (Jane 4 Treat, Samuel* Robert? Richard 1 ), born Nov, 

25, 1705, in Eastliam, Mass. ; died : married March ■! , 1732-3, Wiujam CltOClCWi, 

of Truro, Mass. The family afterwards moved to New London, Com)., and had nine 
children in all. 

Children of William and Eunice Crocker, born and baptized in Truro: 

287. J'.'i i.i: c , b. ; bapt. Jan. 27, 1733-4. 

288. John, b. ; bapt. Sept. 5, 173G. 

Gross. II is supposed to be of Trench origin— T)c Cross. The immediate family came from Eng- 
land. Am in lebled to Mr. J. M. Burgess, of Boston, for mm h information in regard to the early 
history of this family. 

Isaac' Gjio.-SE, b. . in England; d. ; m. . Came with his wife and Ihree sons 

— Edmund, Clenicnt, and Matthew— to New England before 1035. lie was a brewer, but called an 
husbandman when admitted to the First Church in Boston, April 17, 1030, from which lie was dis- 
missed in 1037, as an Aivtinominn. He followed John Wheelwright to Exeter in 1037 and 1038. Had 
large possessions of red estate in Boston, where are now Slate' street and Faneuii Hall, and at the 
North End. Was a man of consequence and bad the title of Mr. Had throe sons. His son : Grossic, b. , in Kngland ; d. ; m. hi fore it; !!>, Mary , Was a brewer. 

In 1058 was a licensed innholdcr, and was such in 1078 in Boston. Had eight children, — five sons 
and throe daughters. His son: 

Simon 3 Giiossk, b. about 1050, in Boston; cl. ; m. Oct. — , 1075, Mary Bond, of Boston. 

Ho. is generally supposed to have been a son of Clement Grosse, though some think that he 
was a son of Edmund, bis brother. At any rate lie was a grandson of Isaac Groosc. Here- 
moved to Bingham, an here he was a cordwaincr It is supposed that there was no male Inhabitant 
by the name of Grosse in Boston in 1095. Had eight children,— live sons, two daughters, and one 
child sex unknown. His son ; 

Micaii 4 Guoss, b. Fell 20, 1085 ; d. Oct. 8, 1753; id., 1st, , Mary , who died July 

lfi, 1724, in her tliirty-liftli year (g. s., North Trnro;; 2d, Aug. 20, 1725, lluinah* Freeman, as 
above. Children by bis first marriage, born in Truro: 

Simon, 1 ' b. May 2. 170!); d. ; in., 1st, July 24, 1720, Elizabeth 5 Treat, dan. of Samuel 

Treat, of Truro; 2d, Feb. 14. 1741), Mrs. Pliebe (Knowles) Collins, 

Ebeneser. b. Aug. 17, 1713; d. ; in. Feb. 22, 1730, Abigail 8 Treat, dan of Joseph Treat, 

of Boston. 

Israel, b. April 28, 1718; d. Oct. 10, 1788, aged 70; in , 1st. , Elizabeth Rich; 2d, Dec 

23, 1702, I.ydia Paine, b. April 8, 1731, d, Oct. 0, 171)0, and dan. of Dea. Moses and 
Margery Paine. 

Mary, b. June !>, 1720; d. ; in. Jane 11, 1741, Mellaril* Stevens, jr , n cousin of Kliza- 

abeth and Abiuai! Treat. 

214 ROBERT treat: fifth generation. 

76 Elizabeth 5 Freeman (.Line* Treat, Samuel,* Robert," Richard 1 ), born Feb. 
4. 1707-8, in Eastham, Mass.; died Oct. 5, 1771, aged sixty-four (gravestone, North 
Truro, Mass.); married Feb. 19, 1729, James Lomiiakd, yeoman, born Oct. 11, 1703, 
died Sept. 12, I7G9, aged sixty-five (gravestone, North Truro), and son ofjedediah and 
Hannah (Lewis) Lombard. His will is dated July 20, I7G9. Inventory amounted to 
£537 5s. 5d. Mentions daughters Rachel, Mehitable, Hannah Pike, Jane llich, Sarah 
Rich, and son- James, Lewis, and Ephraiin. The name Lombard is spelled in various 
ways iri old documents, as Lumbard, Lumberd, Lumbart, Lumbert, Lumber, etc. 

Children of James and Elizabeth Lombard, born and baptized in Truro: 

289. James, 8 b. March 31, 1731: bapt. May 9, 1731; d. ; in. March 28, 1751, Thankful 

290. Saiuu, b. .Inly G, 1733; bapt. July 8, 1733; cl. Aug- G. 1731. 

291. Elizabeth, b. July 1, 1735; bapt. (no record); d. 

292. Hannah, b. Nov. 15, 1737; bapt. Dec. 15, 17:17; d. Dec. --, 1831; ui.Dcc. 13, 1759, John 


293. Lewis, b. March 17, 1739-40; bapt. April 13, 1740; d. Ocl 0, or 20, 1811, in his 71th year ; 

in. , Elizabeth , who cl. Sept. 30, 1818, in her 87th year (g.s., North 


294. Jane, b. April 22, 1712; bapt. June 6, 1712; d. ; in. April 19, 17G1, Thacher Rich. 

295. EniKAKM, b.June 13, 1711, bapt. June 22, 1711; cl. — — ; in. .Nov. 17, 177!, Mehitable 

290. Sakaii, b. S.-pl. 10. 171G; bapt. (no record); il. ; 1.1. March 10, 17G8, Richard Rich, 

21)7. Raouel, b. April 20, 1719; bapt. May 21, 1719; cl. — ; in. Jan. 23, 1772, Beujamiti 

Collins, jr. 

298. MV.hki una:. 1,. April 11, 1751; bapt. Maj 19, 1751; d. ; m. March 12, 1772, Zacchcus 


77 Jonathan 5 Freeman (Jane* Treat, Samuel* Robert? Richard*), born June 

9, 1710, in Eastham, Mass.; died , 1779, in Gorham, Me. ; married Oct. 6,1731, 

Rkukcga ]>inni v, of Hull, or iNantaskel. Removed to Gorhain, Me. ; after the birth of 
his sixth child, it is said, in the infancy of that township. lie left his farm to his chil- 
dren, who settled in the neighborhood. 

Children, the first four born in Truro: 

299. Jaxe 6 (in the baptismal and family record, but Jesse in the town records), b. Nov. 7, 

1732; bapt. Deo. 9, 1733; cl. . 

300. JONAiUAX, b. May 18, 1731; bapt. May 19, 1731; cl, ; m. (pub. Nov. 28,1759) 

Sarah 1'arker. 

301. Rebecca, b. ; bapt. April 11, 1730; 111. (pub. Oct. 1, 17G1) George Slrout, 3d, of 


302. Elizadi in, b. ; bapt. July 16, 1733. 

803. Kobkkt, b. . 

801. Constant, b. . 

78 Appllia 5 Freeman (Jane* Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard*), born Jan. 14, 

1713-4, in Truro, Mass.; died ; married Oct. G, 1731, Samuel Biokeokd. The 

name is sometimes spelled lMgford in the records. She owned the covenant, Dec. 14, 
1734. Removed to West riaddam, Conn. 

Children of Samuel ami Apphia Bickford, the first six born in Truro, the last in West 
Had lam: 

305. S.Ull'EI., 1). ; liipt. Dec. 1 I. 1735; d. in infancy. 

aoii. Samuel, b. Oct. 17, 173G; bapt. (no record) 


307. Hannah, b. ; bapt. June 18, 1738; d. in infancy. 

308. Jki;i:muii, I). Sept. 11, T 74 1 > ; bapt. Sept. 11, 17-10. 
300. Kusiia, b. ; bapt. Aug. 29, 1712. 

310. Hannah, 1). Oct. C, 1744; bapt. Oct. 28, 1711. 

311. Jaxk, b. .Inly 1, 1747. 

79 Dea.. Joshua 5 Freeman (Jane* Trout, Samuel? Robert? Richard 1 ), born 
July 4,'1717, in Truro, Mass. ; diet! Sept. 22, 1705, in his seventy-ninth year (gravestone, 
North Trnro) ; married, first, Oct. 0, 1746, Riciikcca Pakiceii, who died May 7, 17.s:!, in 
her sixty-sixth year, and daughter of Benjamin Parker of Yarmouth, Mass. ; second, Dec. 

3, 1783, Rebecca Knowlks of Eastharn, Mass., who died , 1810, aged seventy-live 

(gravestone, North Truro). Mr. Freeman was a very prominent citizen of Truro, lie 
was chosen deacon of the church, Aug. 22, 17.0(1. which office he held for forty-live years. 
At a town meeting, Feb. 28, 1774, in regard to tea, a committee of nine were chosen, 
among whom was Deacon Freeman, "to prepare a proper resolve" in regard to the intro- 
duction of tea from Great Britain, subject, to a duty payable in America. May 25, 1 7 7 ; j , 
be was chosen one of the representatives to the County Congress held at Barnstable, 
Mass.; in 1782, lie was elected town treasurer, which office he held for five years. He 
inherited his father's estate jointly will) bis brother Constant, end sister Jane, but by 
purchase became sole possessor. 

Children, born in Truro, by bis firs! marriage: 
312. Ai-L-in \, r b. April 2, 1748; bapt. April 10, 17 IS ; d. Aug. I, 177-1 ; in. Aug. 10, 17G8, Samuel 

31.'!. Rkbkcca, 1). March 15, 1749-50; bapt. April 1, 1750; d. Dec. 23, 17,12, aged 2y. 6m. (g. s., 
North Truro). 

314. Sarah, 1.. Jan. 10, 1752; bapt. Jan. 20, 1752; d. ; m. Sept. 23, 1773, Nathaniel Smith, 

of Coin. Vt. 
315. Rkiskcca, b. Feb. (Jan. ?) IS, 1754 ; bapt. Feb. 0, 1754; d. Sept. 5 17'JC; m. May 30, 1775, 
Cornelius Lombard. 

80 Dea. .Tabez'' Snow {Elizabeth* Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert? Richard 1 ), born July 
22,1600, in Eastharn, Mass.; died Sept. C, 1700, in Eastharn; married Oct. 27, 172U, 
Elizabeth 4 Paine, born June 2, 1702; died July 6, 1772, and daughter of John 3 and 
Bennet (Freeman) Paine. Mr. Snow was a prominent man in Eastharn, and a deacon in 
the church. JJe was selectman in 1743 and 1744, and town clerk in 1750 and 17G0. llis 
will is dated July 31, 17G0 ; probated March 17, 17'il ; inventory, May 0, 1761, £251 0s. 
4d. Mentions wile Elizabeth and his six children. Son Jabez was executor, wdio applied 
to the General Court. June 2-1, 176), and obtained permission to sell the property of the 
estate, which was insolvent, and. to appropriate the proceeds, alter paying the widow's 
thirds, towards paying his deceased father's just debts. 

Children, born in Eastharn : 

310. EnSIOK," b. Nov. 30, 1722; d. ; m. ■, Ilerting. 

317. EuzAiiK-m, b. Jan. 12, 1739-1; d. . 

310. Jabkz, b. June 19, 1733; d. ; m. May 22, 1755, Elizabeth Donne. 

319. Josiu 5. b. Sept.29, 1735; d. . 

320. ElJWAIU>, b. Jan. 20, 1737; d. -. 

321-. Hannah, b. July 28, 1740; d. . 

84 TabitHa 15 Snow (Elizabeth* Treat, Samuel? Robert? Richard*), born March 
21, 1707, in Eastharn, Mass. ; died ; married Del. 7, 1 7 ." ". 1 , John ' Mayo, born Oct. 


11, 1707, died , 1759, and a great grandson of Rev. John 1 Mayo. She was remem- 
bered by lier uncle Joshua Treat in his will. Mr. Mayo died intestate, and was styled 
"yeoman" in the administration or his estate, Feb. 11, 17(10. Son John executor. Men- 
tion made of widow Taliiiha ; children, John, Susannah, Lemuel, .Sarah, Simeon, Ezekiel 
and Abigail. 

Children of John and Tabitha Mayo, born in Eastham : 

322. John, b. April 9, 1733; d. . 

328. Bktty, 1). Sept. 25, 173"; d. . 

324. Susanna, b. June 11, 1739; d. ; in. Jan. — , 1775,Johu Mores. 

325. LEMUEL, b. .Tune — , 1741 ; d. . : 

32fi. SARAH, I). March — , 1745; d. . 

327. Simeon, b. May — , 1748 ; d. . 

328. Ahi.iah, b. March — , 1750; d. . 

329. Ezbkikl, b. Only — , 1751 ; d. . 

330. Abigail, b. ; d. . 

85 Samuel 5 Snow (Elizabeth* Twit, Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born Jan. 22, 

170S-9, in Eastham, Mass. ; d. ; married Oct. 12, 1732, Elizabeth Fwi.kman. Will 

dated July 17, 177.3, probated May 5, 1781 . Mentions wife Elizabeth, who was alive 
May 5, 1784 ; children, Samuel, deceased, Joseph wdio was executor, Sparrow, Freeman, 
Barnabas, Abigail. Mercy, Betty, Mary and Phebe; also his grandchildren Samuel, Josh- 
ua and Abigail, by son Samuel, and their mother Sarah. 

Children, born in Eastham : 
33i. Ann: mi., 6 b. Jan. 21, 1733-4; .1. . 

332. S/mit.i, b. Oct 12, 1735; d. April — , 1771; in. , Sarah . 

333. Meucy, b. May 8. 1737; d. ; in. (pub. Aug. — , 17(12) VVillard Kuowles. 

334. Tni'Ai, li. May 27, 1739; d. . 

335. Beity, b. Mareh 18, 1741; d. . 

33(1. H.uiv, b. Nov. 27, 1743; d. ■ . 

337. JOSKI'II, b. Jan. 9, 1745; (I. . 

338. SPARROW, b. July 1.;, 1741); d. , 1748. 

33'J. Sparrow, 1). April 12, 171s: d. ; in. June 3, 1775, Lucy Kuowles. 

340. l'oi.l.v, b. March 6, 1750; d. . 

341. Freeman, b. 

342. Barnabas, b. . 

343. Phebe, b. . 

90 Elizabeth 1 ' Rogers (SaralS Treat, Samuel* Robert* Richard 1 ), born March 

27, 170C, in Truro, Mass.; died ; married June 13, 172,s, Benjamin Liswis, of 


Children of Benjamin and Elizabeth Lewis, born and baptized in Truro: 

344. Sarah, 6 b. June 29, 1721'; bapt. Aug. 24, 1729; d. . 

345. LUCY, b. June 13, 1731 ; bapt. June 13, 1731 ; d. . 

34G. Benjamin, b. Sept. 12, 17:'.:',; bapt. Sept.. 1(1, 1733; d. . 

347. JoMU'ii, b. Oct. IG, 1735; bapt. Oct. 19, 1735; d. . 

348. Thomas, b. March 12, 173S; bapt. March 19, 1738; d. . 

310. GHOKOE, b. March 2!. 174.1; bapt. March 30, 1710; d. . 

350. Moses, b. April is, 174?; bapt. April IS, 1742; d. . 

351. Joshua, b. April 1. 1744; bapt. May 13, 1744; d. in infancy. 

352. Joshua, b. March 4, 1745-G; bapt. April 20, 174(1; d. . 

2,5:1. I'.n.wri:, b. April In, iris; bapt. May 21, 174S; d. ; in. ~, l'aiue. 

354. Hetty, b. Sept. II, 1750; bapt. Sept. 2:;, 1750; d. . 


91 Lucy"' Rogers {Sarah' 1 Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert, 2 Richard 1 ), lioni June (!, 1708, 
in Truro, Mass. ; died ■ ; married, lirst, Oct,. 15, 1734, Nkukjmaii' 1 Somes, of Glouces- 
ter, Mass., who was born Aug. 22, 1701, anil son of Timothy and Elizabeth (Robinson) 
Somes. For his first wife ho married July 27, 1730, Abigail Collins, who died July 17, 
1731. His lino of descant is Nehemiah, 4 Timothy, 3 Timothy, 3 and Morris 1 Somes, who 
was born in England in 1014, and was one of the earliest settlers and proprietors of land 
in Lynn, Mass. She married, second, Oiit. 0, 174.-3, by Rev. Win. YVelstead, of the 
Second church, Boston, Ei.isha Smali.ey. 

Children of Nehemiah and Lucy Somes, horn and baptized in G-louccstor : 

355. Lucy, 6 b. about 17."..".; d. ; m. Nov. 20, 17G0, Benjamin 4 Rich. 

356. Nehemiah, b. about 1737; bapt. Oct. 16, 1737; d. March 10, 1812;m., 1st, Aug. 24, 1768, 

Susanna White; 2d, April G, 1772, Sarah Preston; 3d, April 22, 177a, Elizabeth Dawes. 

97 Elizabeth'' Treat {Samuel? Samuel? Robert? Richard}), born Jan. 8, 1711-2, 
in Truro, Mass. ; died between 1741 and 1749; married July 24, 1729, Simon 5 Gross, 
(page 213) of Truro, born May 2, 1709, and son of Micah 4 and Mary Gross. For his 
second wife Micah 4 Gross married Aug. 20, 1725, Hannah' Freeman, a cousin of Eliza- 
beth Treat. Simon Gross owned the covenant April 25, 1731, and his wife was admitted 
to full communion, June 3, 1731. After (he death of his wife Elizabeth, Mr. Gross mar- 
ried Feb. 14, 1740. Mrs. Piiebe (Knowles) Collins, for his second wife. She was the 
daughter of Paul and Phebe (Paine) Knowles, baptized Jan. 3, 1725, am 1 widow of Joseph 
Collins, whom she had married Feb. 13, 1743. She was admitted to full communion at 
Truro, Oct. 27, 1752, and dismissed to the church at Lebanon, Conn., Oct. 30, 1757. By 
her Mr. Gross had one son, Samuel, born May 2, 1751 ; baptized May 19, 1751. Both 
Freeman and Rich make Phebe Collins, married 1740, and Lydia Hinckley, married 1755, 
to have boon the first and second wives respectively of Simon Gross. This is an error. 
It was Simon 6 the son of the above Simon'' Gross, who married 1755, Lydia Hinckley, for 
Mr. Gross' wife Phebe was alive in 1757. 

Children of Simon and Elizabeth Gross, born in Truro : 

357. Simon, 6 b. ; bapt. April 2."., 1731 ; d. ; m Sept. 18, 1755, Lydia Hinckley. 

358. Samuel, b. ; bapt. Sept. 2, 1733; d. in infancy. 

98 Joanna'' Treat {Samuel* Samuel, 3 Robert? Richard 1 ), born June 1G, 1713. 
in Truro, Mass. ; died ; married Feb. 1, 1732-3, David IIauding, of Truro, bap- 
tized Nov. 1, 1713, died about 1742, and son of Nathaniel and Hannah Harding. She 
owned the covenant July 11, 1730. 

Children of David and Joanna Harding, bom in Truro who, in 1742, were said to be 
respectively eight and six years old, and Jonathan Harding appointed their guardian : 

359. David, 6 b. about 1731; bapt. .Inly 11, 173G; d. j m. , Sarah . 

3('.o. Betty, 1). about 1733; bapt. July 11, 1736; d. about 1757; num. Her brother David was 
appointed administrator of her estate, Dec. fi, 1757. 

99 Samuel'' Treat {Samuel? Samuel? Robert? RicJiard 1 ), bom July 21, 1722, 
in Truro, Mass. ; died Nov. (?) 1700, in Boston ; married, fust, May 7, 1717, Maky 4 Eustis, 1 
or Eustace, as it was often spelled, born July 0, 1727; died , and daughter of 

1 The name of Wn.T.i \m' EtJSTIS appears on tin Rnmney Marsh (Chelsea) tax list in 1074. He d. 

Nov. 27, H'.'.M ; in. — , Sarali -, who d. .lime 13, 1713, tigod seventy-four (g. s. Charles town). 



David niul Susanna (Moore) Eustis; second, about 1701 (published Dec, — , 17(H)), Eliza- 
beth 5 IJiiBCK,' born .May 1, 1737; died March—, 17S6, and daughter of John and Mar- 
garet (Thomas) Hreok. She married about L775, Rev. Nathan Fisk, of Brook field, Muss., 
II. C, 1754, who died 1799, as his second wife, and her second husband. He received 
the degree of S.T.I), in 1702. She was called widow Treat as late as Jan. 30, 177:'. 
Tlic name Brcck was often pronounced Brick in those times, and is so written occasion- 
allyevcn in legal documents. Her brother, Samuel Brock, born April 1 1, 1747, died May 
7, 1800, was a famous merchant of Boston, and an agent of the French Navy dining the 
Revolution. J lis son Samuel Breck, born July 17, 1771 , died Aug. Ill, 1802, in li is ninety- 
second year, was the author of the "Recollections of Samuel Breck." By her father's will, 
dated Nov. 1, 1760, and probated March 13, 1701, Elizabeth Breck was to have as her portion 
£125, "to fix her oil' when married." Samuel Treat was one of the witnesses to the will. 
The estate was valued at £2707 0s. 8d. (Suffolk Probate. 58: 224-5; 59: 147.) Mr. 
Treat was a cooper, and held the olliee of culler of slaves in the town of Boston, from 
1749 to 1766, inclusive, when he died. For some years lie carried on business by him- 
self, but afterwards entered into partnership with Joshua Pico, 9 under the firm name of 
Treat & Pico. They did a large business in cooperage and fish, and made "adventures" 
to the Penobscot, where Mr. Treat had cousins. See the account hook of Joshua Treat, 
pp. 7, 63, 0-1, 195, 196, for 1700, as we'll as the books of Treat & Pico. John Adams, 
afterwards President of the United States, was their book-keeper in 1700. Their receipt 

The oldest son John was b. Dec. 8, 1759. lie had ten child run, — seven sous and three daughters. 
His son : 

David 8 Eustis, b. May SI, 1070; d. • ; m. , liachel . Had seven children, — three 

sons and four daughters. Uis son : 

David 3 Eustis, b. Ma) 5, 169G; d. before Sept. 20, 174S; m. Oct. 29, 1724, Susanna Moure. He 
was a shipwright. Had three children,— one sou and two daughters. His daughter: 

Maky 4 Eustis, b. July U, 1727 ; m. .Samuel Treat as above. (See Genealogical Register, Vol. 32, p. 

1 The. 13 recks are said to have come from Lancaster Co., England, about 1G35, and settled in Dor- 

Edwakd' Bmeck, b. about 1595, in England; d. Nov. 2, 1662; m. 1st, , ; 2d, , 1C47, 

Mrs. Isabel llighie, widow of John Rigbie, probably bis second wife. She m. for her 3d husband, 
Anthony Fisher, who d. April IS, 1671, in his SOth year, in lioxlun y. Had eight children, — two sons 
and six daughters. He may have bad another daughter. His son : 

Capt. Joiix'Bkicck, b. , 1651 ; d. Feb. 17, 1691; in., , Susanna . Resided In Dor- 
chester. Had ten children, — five sons and live daughters. His son : 

John 3 Breck, !>. Dec. 22, 1680; d.Feb. 1G, 1712 3, aged32yrs. lm. 3w. (g. s.,Copp'sHill) jm.Nov. 
li, 1703, Ann Patleshall. Settled in Boston. Was a cooper, and lived near the old North Chinch. 
Had live children, — ioiir sons and one daughter. His son : 

John 4 Bkeck, b. Aug. 31, 1705; d. before March 23, 1761; m. Jan. is, 1727, Margaret Thomas, 
dan. of William Thomas, mariner, of Plymouth, and Abigail his wife. Was an extensive merchant 
ami cooper of boston. Was also hugely engaged in the Newfoundland fishery. Had a warehouse 
near Clark's wharf at the North bud from 1731 to 1717. His wharf was mentioned in 1752. His 
mansion house was on Ship street. Had nine children, — live sons and four daughters; seven of 
theui are mentioned in his will. His daughter: 

Ki.i/.Aiuvrm' Bueck, b. May 1, 1737 ; m. Samuel Treat as above. (See Gene al. lie -g., Vol. 5, pp. 390 - 
397: Breck Genealogy.) 

'Joshua I'ico was a cooper, find did business on Slnalle SI. His residence was in Clarke St. He 
wash. July 10, 1732, iii Boston, and d. Jan. ."•, 1807, aged 75. He wasn prominent man, and an ardent 
patriot during tin Revolution. Oil the 29th of Nov. 1773, he and 1 'in 1 Kevure acted as guard over 
the tea ships. 



hook is now in the Boston Public Library, ami contains the autographs of many promi- 
nent men of Boston in those times, including Hancock and Adams. The minutes of the 
selectmen or Boston contain the following record dated Sept.. 19, 1750: "Voted that mr. 
Samuel Treat be admitted into the Engine at the North end, whereof m'. Thomas Bently 
is Master." April 7, 1758, the General Court excused 100 men from military duty to serve 
the lire engines. Mr. Treat, was among the number, and was assigned to engine No. 1. 
At a meeting June 9, 1 762, lie declined to serve any longer. 

At. a meeting of the selectmen Aug. 31, 170:1, "M r . Samuel Treat was sent for, and ac- 
quainted by the Selectmen, that the Towns Committee relative to the Circular Line had 
given them information, that he was about Erecting a Building at the end of his Wharff 
which would incroach on said Line — -they therefore warned hi m against, and forbid his 
carrying out said Building so far as should incroach in any manner on that Line." 

At another meeting. Sept. 28, 1. 703, "M r . Samuel Treat having made application to the 
Selectmen for their Opinion whether a solid Foundation can bo obtained for a Brick Build- 
ing he is about to Erect on his new Wharff without great and extraordinary Expence, 
and said Land having been view'd by the- Selectmen. 

"Voted that it is their Opinion that no solid Foundation can be had for such a Building 
without great Expence." 

Mr. Treat, his wife Mary, and her sister Susanna, sold land on Love St., Sept. 26, 1748, 
to Hugh Kennedy, for £1000, and again, April 28, 1750, sold land to the same, for £133 
Gs. 8d. (Suffolk Deeds, 70; 200; 79: 23.) Jane 13, 17G3, lie sold a house and land on 
Wood Lane to John White for £266 13s. -LI. (Suffolk Deeds, 104 : 191.) He died intes- 
tate in 17G6, probably in November. December 12, 1766, Nathaniel Parkinan rendered 
a bill against the estate "to a colli l for himself, £1. 6. 8." Administration papers were 
granted Dec. 5, 17G6. The inventory is dated Dec. 12, 17GG, and amounts to £1511 8s. 
9Jd. Among the items are these: 

Negro man named Harry. 1 

'We have an account of the sale of tins negro man Harry, recorded in Smith and Watson's 
American Literary Curiosities, Hate 43 : 

know am. mkn by these presents that I, Elizabeth Treat of Boston, in the County of Suffolk, 
widow, iii consideration of the sum of Twemy six Pounds 13. 1. to me in hand paid hel'ore the En- 
sealing hereof by Samuel Brook of Boston aforesaid, merchant. The Receipt whereof I do hereby 
acknowledge, have Granted, Bargained & Sold, mid by these presents Do fully & absolutely Grant, 
Bargain & Sell unto Hie said Samuel Ureck, my Negro man named Hairy, aged about Foiirty years, 
Willi his apparel. To have and to hold i.he said negro man Harry Willi his apparel, unto the said Sam- 
uel Ureck, ids Executors, Administrators and Assigns, To his & their only proper Use, Benefit & 
Behoof forever. And I the raid Elizabeth Treat, for myself, my heirs. Executors & Administrators, 
do C "venant that at the time of Ensealing, & until the Delivery hereof, t am the true and lawful 
Own. , of the said Negro man, & that lie is (vi^-. from all former Sales, Charges & Iucumberences 
Whatsoever, and that I will War re ill & Defend the said negro man unto the said Samuel Brcck, his 
heirs and assigns forever, against the lawful Claims £ Demands of all persons whomsoever. Wit- 
ness my [land & seal this Tenth Day of October Anno Domini One thousand Seven Hundred & Sev- 
enty, Iu the Tenth year of His Majesty's Reign. 

Elizabeth Treat. 
Signed Sealed & Delivered 
in presence ol us 
' 'testes 

Thomas Mel vill 
Mary While. 
Samuel Brock was a brother of Elizabeth Treat, and Mary White was, perhaps, the sister of 
Samuel Treat. 


Negro woman named Flora. 

3 Rights of land at Penobscot No. 2. (NowOrland, Me.) 

1 ditto " " of Thornton No. 3. 

I Part of a saw mill at Trnro. 

There were also shares in several vessels. (Suffolk Probate CO : 220.) 

Children, born in Boston, by his first marriage : 

351. Majry, 8 b. May 8, 1749, bapt. May 11, 1740, in the New North Church; d. . A Mary 

Treat was admitted to the covenant, June it., 17S0, at. the New North Church. 

By his second marriage, baptized in the Second church : 

3C2. Samukl, b. ; bapt. Aug. — , 17G4; d. . Dec. 22, 1788, he was appointed ad- 
ministrator dc bonis non of his father's estate; in 1780, was a jeweler and goldsmith, 
and iu the directory of 1793, is put down as a dealer in crockery. No. 27 Union St., 
Boston; Feb. 3, 1805, was iu Portsmouth, Yn., and is styled gentleman in a q. c. deed 
to J. Merry, of Boston; April 14, 1807, wrote a letter from Norfolk, Va., to John Der- 
by, of Salem, requesting him to forward to him at the Sagar House, Portsmouth, Va.. 
a portrait of his brother, John 1!. Treat. Know nothing more about him. lie was 
probably unmarried. 

3G3. John Bheck, I). ; bapt. May 12, 17G5; d. . lie is called a hatter, July 10, 

1787, in a deed tojedediah Lincoln; was assessed, in Boston iu 1793, real estate £-luo, 
personal £-100, and called a merchant, but had removed to Philadelphia ; a John B. Treat 
was in the 2d Co., Capt. 11. Russell, 2d Reg't, which turned out in May and June, 178:', 
in Hampshire County, in support of the government, and served six days, as long as 
required: Feb. 13, 1805, lie gave a q. c. deed to 0. Merry, of Boston, 1 lie same as his 
brother .Samuel. He was unmarried then. What became of him, I do not know. 

100 Robert 5 Treat (Samuel,* Samuel, 3 Hubert;' Richard 1 ), born March 27, 
172o, in Truro, Muss. ; tiled in Boston, it is said ; married Sept . 22, 1 748, Anna :! Gkisen- 
woon, 1 of Boston, born Sept. 14, 1726, died Jan. 31, 1790, in Haverhill, Mass., and daugh- 
ter of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Venteinan) Greenwood. Mr. Treat was a cooper, and a 
culler ol staves for the town of Boston, from 1 7i>2 to 17GG, inclusive. Oct. 21, 17.">2, he 
bought a house and land on Wood Lane, for £88, and Jan. 27, 1764, sold the same to bis 

'Milks Grisknwood, bapt. Sept. 1, lfiOO, at St. Peter's, Mancroft; buried Sept. 3, 1058, in the 

Church <>f St. Michael-at-Pleas ; m. , Abigail . Was admitted a citizen of Norwich, 

England, May 3, 1327. Was a worsted weaver and did not come to New England, though his two 
sons, Nathaniel and Samuel, did. His son : 

S ami: hi' Gukexwood, b. , in Norwich, England ; d. Aug. 19,1711, aged Go (g.s., Copp's Hill) ; 

in. . diary Thornton. lb' was a brother of Nathaniel Greenwood, bapt. Aug. 23, 1G31, at St. 

Michael-at-Plcas, .Norwich, England, shipwright, whod. July SI.ICS-I, aged 53 (g. s., Copp's Hill), and 
received .from him a legacy of £10. Had right children, — four sons, and lour (laughters. His son : 

Naihamij- GiiEUNwoon, b. April 29, (the date of the year i- missing in the Boston Records, 

but it was between lG90and 1700), in Boston ; d. 1779, aged SI ; in. Sept. 3, 1724, Elizabeth Ve.nle- 

raan, b. Jan. 8, 1703-4, and dan. of Capt. John and Elizabeth (Smith) Venteinan. Captain Vente- 
inan was formerly of Portsmouth, N. II., am! in.. 1st, July 13,, 1G99, EUzabrth Smith who d. Feb. 
14, 1709-10, aged about, 30; 2d, Nov. 9, 1710, Mary Had. Had nine children, bom iu Boston,— six 
sons and three daughters. His daughter: 

Anna 3 Ghkenwood, b. Sept. 14, 172G; m. Robert Treat, as above. She is called Ilaunah in the 
Boston records. Her sister : 

ISlizahktii' Grkkxwood, b. Nov. 18, 1734; cl. about 1825, aged 91; m. (pub. Nov. 19, 1754) 

.Jiihn" Marston. Her son, Col. John* Marston, b. March 27, 175G, iu Boston; in. Aug. 1, 17S4, Anna 
Randall, of Newport, R. I., is the author of the letter cited on p. 221. lb- was a merchant iu Boston, 
ami d. De ( . 12., 184G, aged 90y. 9in., in Taunton, Mass. Llis great-grandfather, John Marston, was a 
mariner of Salem, Mass. See Marston Genoalogv. 


brother Samuel for £320. (Suffolk Deeds, 101 : 158.) He was unfortunate in his busi- 
ness, us were a great, ninny of the merchants at tl int. time, ;in<l his name appears April 1~>, 
1765, among those who hail moved away from town owing debts but wis chosen culler of 
staves the next year, March 10, 17GG. lie probably went to the Penobscot, where lie hail 
a cousin, Joshua Treat who was armorer at Fort Powna.ll. Perhaps he was the Robert 
Treat who was a private at that Fort from Jan. 20, 1701 to June. 2, 1700. It could not 
well have been his cousin Robert, afterwards Maj. Robert Treat, for lie was not born till 
July 14, 1752, and would have been too young for that position, and is said to have gone 
to Maine in 17G9. He bought goods of Treat and Pico, of Boston, June 19, 1766. 
Have been unable to End when and where he died, but he is said to have died in Boston, 
after which his widow removed to Haverhill. In company with others, he is said to have 
received a grant of Orland, Me. 

The following letter 1 from John Marston, Esq., formerly of Quincy, Mass., to his cousin, 

'Dear Cousin, 

This is Thanksgiving day and we have eaten our plum pudding alone, a circumstance 
I do not remember having occurred before in the course of my life. All anniversaries bring with 
them solemn reflections and reminders of former days. I have been cogitating on one of the 
earliest I can remember when 1 was about ten years old. My father always invited a large party 
to supper on the evenings of those days, and by ( arrying you back to one, 1 may be ab.e to give you 
some idea of the "olden times" you express a wish to bear about. The room in which were to be 
assembled (in Boston) the invited guests was what we call the Drawing room, but In those days it 
was called the large parlour. At the upper end of which stood a large mahogany desk and book 
case. Between the windows hung a large Tier glass with a black and gold frame, and under it, a 
mahogany round table, covered with the beautiful chintz of that day. Opposite to tins was another 
gloss in a gilt frame, and under it a valuable marble slab on a richly covered mahogany frame. 
The chairs also weie. carved mahogany with black morocco seats. In one corner stood a clock with 
a blue enameled case, and in the other corner a "Mean fet," fashionable in those days, the upper 
part of which displayed the richest burnt China, enameled, and the lower part a goodly assortment 
of silver plate which was more, common then than now. The window curtains were blue, made of 
a fabric not now in use; composed of worsted and cotton, or may be linen, very handsome. The 
carpet was humble Scotch and considered at that time a great luxury. The walls were hung over 
with flowered paper, and covered with elegant prints of the King and Queen, Lord Chatham and 
some others. 1 do not recollect of a dhTerenl description. The old fashioned walnut wood fire, 
must not be omitted, and the brass tire-set. We seldom see now this cheerful accompaniment of a 
family gathering. The only children present were, on that occasion, your aunt Bessie Trent, ami 
myself. We were anxiously looking for the company as they arrived. And first came our dear old 
grandfather Greenwood, with the countenance of a saint, his silver lock-, flowing on his shoulder, 
his cambrick neck-cloth tucked through the button hole of his coal. And next, our venerable grand- 
mother, with a rich brocade, so substantial it might have stood alone; yet, with the address of her 
sex, she would occasionally raise her dress, so as to discover a scarlet broad cloth skirl, with a 
broad ijold lace round the bottom. Then came my aunt Bowns (?) in a rich dove colored damask 
dress. 1 have since seen many Duchesses while in England, who with all their diamonds, were 
vastly her inferiors in beauty and dignity of port and elegance of manners. She was at this time 
a widow. Next her sat my good aunt Treat, your worthy Grandmother : dressed in a brocade, the 
color of which I have forgotten. There too was her noble husband, my uncle Robert Treat, your 
Grandfather, dressed in a blue coat, scarlet vest, black small clothes, and white hose, lie had the 
face of an Apollo! with the dignity of Mars. There were also your uncles Nathaniel and Samuel 
Greenwood in plain suits — their brother Miles was approaching to a Maccaroni — who wj now call 
a dandy. His coal was scarlet, with a dash of gold lace, lie was naturally fond of dress, but at. 
that time he was secretary to the Governor of N'ova Scotia, in which position, a young man would 
wish to appear well dressed. And last but not least, my beloved fath t and mother — their portraits 
are familiar to you When we recollect, my dear Cousin, our worthy ancestors, who were pos- 
sessed of high moral worth, and most of the 11 of cle ip and ardent piety, should we not feel proud 


Mrs. Thomas P,. Adams, gives n little account of Robert Treat ami an insight into tlie 

customs of those times. The letter is without date, ami speaks of an event which occurred 

about 17GG, when lie was ten years old. 
Children, born in Boston : 
364. Anna," 1). Aug. 13, 1743; <1. May 20. 1SS2; in. March 12, 1771, Joseph Ilarrocl. 

3G5. Bessie, b. ; d. ; ra. , Gardiner Davis, ami resided at Waldoboro', Me , 

about 1S12. She was a very agreeable and Interesting person. II is said that she had 
two daughters. 

36G. Samuki., b. ; a. Nov. 15, 1777, killed atFort Mifflin, Mud Island, near Philadelphia. 

An artillery company was formed in Boston in 17U3, by David Mason. In 1708, Capt. 
Adino Paddock took command with the rank .of major. He raised the company to a 
high slate of proficiency. After the breaking oul of the Revolution, being n Loyalist, 
he embarked for Halifax with the Royal army, in March, 1776, and died in England, 
March 25, 1S04. Young Treat was a private in this artillery company. The committee of 
safely voted, Feb. 23, 1775, that Dr. Joseph Warren should ascertain how ninny of I'ad- 
dock's company could be depended upon to form an artillery company for the Conti- 
nental army. Most of the privates of this company were subsequently officers in the ar- 
tillery regiments of Grkllcy, Knox, or Crane. June 2, 1775, we find Mr. Trent a 2d Lieu- 
tenant in Capt. John Calender's Co., Colonel Gridley's Keg't of artillery, ami he was 
present at the battle of Bunker or Breed's Hill. Frothingham, History of the Siege of Bos- 
ton, ]>. 401, gives hiin the title of ensign al this battle. Calender's battery, consisting of 
forty-seven men. opened on the advancing foe with great eil'ect, but for some reason 
soon drew our of the fight and took a position cm Bunker's Hill. Putnam ordered Cal- 
lender to return, which lie did, but soon left his post,, and was in turn deserted by 
Iris men. All accounts agree that for some reason the artillery was very badly served 
diu'iug this battle. Callender was tried, June 27, for disobedience of orders, and 
cowardice. He was cashiered and dismissed from the army by General 'Washington 
July 7, 1775. But he was bound to wash out the stain of cowardice, so he enlisted, 
•and served as a volunteer in the artillery, and al the battle of Long Island, conducted 
himself so bravely, that Gen. Washington revoked his previous order. lie S' rved 
through the war with the greatest bravery. We next find Mr. Treat in Col, Henry 
Knox's .Keg't of artillery as early as March 16, 177(k where he served up to Nov. 
15, 1777, when lie was killed, in the various capacities of 1st lieutenant, quartermaster, 
and captain's lieutenant. After the evacuation of New York, lie was sent to Penn- 
sylvania, and stationed at Fort Mifflin, Mud Island, seven miles below Philadelphia, 
and one mile below the mouth of the Schuylkill. An attack was commenced on the 
Fort by the British force-. Nov. 11, 1777. It was so seven and destructive that the 
garrison was compelled to retire Saturday, Nov. 15, after a brave resistance of four 
days. Three captains, one lieutenant, and about forty privates were killed and 
wounded. Among the killed was "young Captain Treat, who was killed by a cannon 
ball while defending his post with the intrepidity that would have done honour to an 
old soldier." So says a letter from camp, published in the Collect. Mass. Hist. Soc, 
1st Series, p. 129, Vol. 2. See. also the liustuii Gazette, Dec. S, 1777. Intl.. Pennsyl- 
vania Magazine of History and Biography, April, 18S7, Vol. 1 1, no. 41, pp. 82-S9, may be 
found H full account of llie siege of Fort Mifflin. On page SO, mention is made of 
"Captain Treat, who distinguished himself for bravery." See Knox Papers, in the 
Library of the X. E. Hist. Gen. Soc., Boston, Vol. IS. pp. Dl-97, for an account of the 
late Captain Treat and othei matters relating to him. Lieutenant Col. Smith was voted 

of our progenitors? On this occasion »»>/ father invited other guests. On this occasion I remember 
tbe'K -v'l Mr. Allan, an English Patriot, .tames oils— well known in the history of the Involution— 
Dr. Vonng and some others. At nine o'clock the company were nshered into the supper room. 
The first course was served mi highly polished pewter. The second on the finest of china. The 

knives and forks had silver handles. The candlesticks were of pure silver. The table was of pol- 
ished oak, awl covered with thellnesl linen damask.'' 

nouEHT tiii<: at : fifth generation. 223 

a sword by Congress for Hie gallant defence of the Fori by tliose under Ills command. 
Caplai n 'J'reat's name remained on the paj rolls from Jan. 1, 1 777 to 178a, -with his pay 
uncalled for. Dr. .John Hrown Cutting, n friend of the family, an army surgeon, and 
according lo Smith and Watson's American Literary Curiosities, Plate 22, a subscriber 
to n dancing assembly al Morristown, in 17S0, wrote sunn' verses in honor of Capt. 

Treat , i\ liieh were priuled on white sali id hung in a glazed rrame for many years 

in the house of his sister at Haverhill, Mass. They are now in the possession of Miss 
Elizabeth Adorns, of Quincy, .Muss. The original MS. is still in existence. 

Occasioned by the death of Capt. Treat, who unfortunately fell in an attack upon Fort Mifflin, Mad 

Island, Delaware, November, 1777. 

And has from Earth flic youthful warrior flown, Ah! what availed a parent's anxious fears, 

Forever soared beyond our weeping view, Whoso fondest prospects centered all in thee? 

To mix with spirit ; kindred to his own, Ah! what availed thj lovely sisters' tears, 

And join in Hcav uu the bravely virtuous few? Who weep distressed, and join in grief with me? 

II. IX. 

Yes, Fate has snatched him hence in early bloom, Could these, dear youth, have lengthen'd out thy 
When dawning glories did but just expand; date, 

When rising manhood half defied the tomb, Or fervid prayers from destiny could save, 

And almost dared to shake life's fleeting sand. Zeal, friendship, love, had snatched the shears 

from fate 

IU - And plucked the triumph from the cruel grave. 
The rose of health fresh blossomed on his face, 
Vigor and strength his comely form expressed, 

No pule consumption had usurped Heir place, Serene through each vicissitude of life, 

Nor ki en disease his nervous powers distressed. Will ble intrepidity lie passed, 

Ambitious ever in the glorious strife 

IV. To make new actions still outshine the last. 
Like some tall cedar, Nature's boast and pride, 
That stately, graceful, towers through all the 

wood Blest with a temper mild as evening ray, 

Nor seeks from threatening clouds its head to When full orb'd Cynthia silvers o'er the vault 

j,j c ] So calm, benign, and innocently gay, 

But struck by thunder sinks at length subdued, Tbat '» lli "> candor scarce discerned a fault. 

V. XII. 

So towered brave Treat above the martial train, Tm ' c,1(,il ' 1 virtues habited his breast, 

So shone conspicuous in the crimsoned Ik-Id, Adorned his manners gentle ami sincere, 

Such thirst of -lory fired each ardent, vein IIc slil1 relieved or pitied the distressed, 

That scarce to death the Hero deigned to yield. Al,fl ilc ' er >'' misery n lu-ed a tear. 

VI. * tTr - 

Ali! what availed the external beauteous frame, Complacent goodness beaming from his mind. 

Which nature, formed with such peculiar care? Shoi 'or each open feature of his face, 

These charms, alas! ale but an empty name, Benevolence he felt for all mankind, 

Mere fleeting bubbles, transient as they're fair. v ' n[ Iovccl with ardor Freedom's generous race. 


All! what availed the dawn of manhood's mom, "I'was this impelled him in her noble cause, 

The early blossom ol maturcr age To deem one lite loo small a sacrifice, 

That promised future harvest should be born Willi purchased honor and a world's applause. 

To enrich his Country and adorn its page! To brave stern death and soar above the skies. 



O say, ye warrior train ! how calm he stood, No more undaunted in the dubious njcht, 

Fierce valor cheek'd by reason's just control, Nis eager breastwith kindling ardor glows. 

And uuappalled, midst, carnage, death and No more in Stygian thunder's dreadful might, 

blood, He bursts indignant on his Country's foes. 
Taught the big ball of vengeance where to 

r° u - XVI 11. 

XVI. No more his presence fires to martial deeds; 

Say how Ids words could animate each heart No morc ilis acts flerce veteran troops sur- 
That tlroop'd 01 trembled in the dangerous prise, 

way For midst the conflict, sit the Hero bleeds, 

Fire lukewarm bosoms ; his own soul Impart Aml f '" Columbia's freedom nobly dies. 
To coward fear and dastardly dismay. 

Oh! may lii-s bright example lire ns all 
With just ambition worth to emulate; 
Then should the gods, like bis, decree our fall, 
We'll smile at death and triumph over fate. 

101 Mary 5 Treat (Samuel, 4 Samuel, 3 Robert,- Richard 1 ), born about 1727, in 

Truro; baptized May 21, 1727; died ; married Feb. 2, 17-10, Richard White;, 

according lo the New South church records, Boston. 

Children of Richard and Mary White, born in Boston, the first three baptized in the 
New Brick Church : 

3H7. Mary, b. April 20, 1748; bapt. April 24, 1748. 
3C8. Rtciiakd, b Jan. 7,. 1750-1; bapt. Jan. 20, 1750-1. 
3G9. Sarah, b. ; bapt. Nov. 19, 1752. 

370. Samuel, b. July 21, 1757. 

104 Robert/' Rich (Mary* Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert? Richard 1 ), born Oct. 23,1703, 

in Eastham, now WelKIeet, Mass. ; died •; married , Lydia •. Isaac 8 

Ricn, of Boston, born Oct. 21, 1801, died Jan. ]3, 1872, who by his will left nearly the 
whole of his property for the endowment of Boston University, was descended from this 
Robert Rich. Sec Rich's Truro, pp. 400-110. 

Children, some of them baptized in Truro, mid perhaps born there : 

371. MABY.'b. July 12, 1732; bapt. May 27, 17:13. 

373. Moses, b. Aug. 15, 1735; bapt. Sept. 14, 1735. 

370. ROBERT, b. Sept. 12, 1737, bap!.. Oct. 16, 1737; d. ; m. Jan. '.'J, 177.7, Mary Swell. 

374. John, b. Feb. 12, 1740; d. in infancy. 

37C. John, b. Oet. *, 1741 ; d. June 30, 1S02, aged 01 (g. s., Wclluect) ; m. April 25, 17115, Han- 
nah Swell, a\ i i o d. Oct. 14, 177G, in her 34tb year. 
37G. JosnUA, b. Sept. 11, 1713; bapt. Oet. Hi, 1713. 
377. Hannah, b. March 21, 1747. t 

37.S. Nkhkmiaii, b. March 3, 1750; d. ; m. Oct. 29, 1771. Margaret Lewis. 

370. Reuben, b. Aug. 12, 1752; d. ; in. Nov. 2, 1775, Hannah Gross. 

105 John r 'RicIl (Mary* Trva!, So,,,,*.*!, 3 Robert, 5 Richard 1 ), born Jan. 23, 1705-G, 
inJEastham, now WelKIeet, Mass.: died March 27. I77'.i, aged seventy-four (gravestone, 
North Truro, Mass.) ; married April 13, L727, Thaxkkui. Sears, of Rastham, who died 
Oct.. 17, 17.N2, aged seventy-six (gravestone, North Truro). She and son Samuel were 
baptized at the same time, April 27, 172H, and she and her husband owned the eovena 


on (1ml occasion. Tunc 10, 1779, son Richard was appointed administrator of his father's 
csiate. Sons mentioned, Richard and John ; daughters, Hannah Snow, Betty Snow, and 
Hope Mayo; grandchildren, Thankful Rich Lumbert (Lombard) and Paul Lambert. 
Children, born and baptized in Truro: 
380. Samuel,' b. March 2, 1727; bapt. April L'7, 1729; d. Dee. 16, 1777, aged 50 (g. s., North 

3S1. RicitAitD, b. July 28, 1730; d. Marcli 12, 1783 ; m. Nov. 19, 17G1, Rebecca Lombard, dan. 

of Thomas Lombard, bapt. July 12, 17-11; d. Sept. 1S11, aged 70. 
382 John, b. Feb. 20, 1732; bapt. April 1, 1733; d. April 19, 180G, aged 71 (g. s., North Truro) ; 
m., 1st, Dec. 2, 175G, Jane Atkins; 2il,,Aug. 11, 17G0, Betsey Donne, who d. March 24, 
181G, aged 75 (g. s.. North Truro). His will dated at Truro, Dee. 26, 1795, probated 
Oct. lit, 180G, mention:; no children, but leaves bis whole estateto his wife Hetty. The 
Will of Betty Rich of Truro, widow, dated July 23, 1814, probated May, 1S1G, makes 
many bequests, but mentions no children. 

383. Thankful, b. March 23, 1737-8; bapt. May 7, 1738; d. ; in. Nov. 10, 17G0, Caleb 

Lombard. Had two children : 

1. Pan! 1 Lombard, b. , bant. May 16, 17G2. 

2. Thankful Rich Lombard, b. ; bapt. Oct. 2, 17G3. 

SS4. TIann.,ii, b. April 19, 1740j bapt. Jane 8, 1740; d. (?) Oct. 18, 1794, aged 51 ; m. Dee. 2, 
1762, Elisha Snow, who d. June 30, 1802, aged GG Had a family. 

385. Hope, b. Feb. 19. 1742-3; bapt;. April 3, 1743; d. June 11, 17S9; m. March 15, 17G4, Noah 

3S6\ Betty, b. Feb. 23, 1750; bapt. May JO, 1751 ; d. Nov. 15, 1790; m. Nov. 2, 1772, Ambrose 

109 Deacon Reuben 5 Rich {Man/ Trent, Samuel,' 3 Robert, 2 Richard 1 ), born 
April 13, 1715, in Easlham, now Welllleet, Mass. ; died June 18, 1770, in his fifty-sixth 
year (gravestone, Weil fleet) ; married, first, Sept. 2S, 1738, Maktha Smith, who died 
Jan. 31, 1745-G, in her twenty-fifth year (gravestone, Welllleet) ; second, July "-', 1747, 
Ruth Brown, who died Jan. 1, 1794, aged seventy-seven (gravestone, Wellfleet). His 
will was probated Nov. 6, 1770. Son Reuben was administrator. Mentions wife Ruth ; 
minor children Aaron, Isaac, and Elisha; other children Reuben, Martha, wife of Josiah 
Rich, Ruth Co veil, and Abigail Young. Mr. Rich was one of the first seLectinen of Well- 
fleet, which was incorporated May 25, 170J, having been chosen Aug. 4, 17G3, and serv- 
ing for three years. In 17G1, he was granted the privilege of taking alcwives in Herring 
brook for five year:;, at £2 per year. 

Children, born in liastham, now Wellfleet, by his first, marriage : 

3S7. TiiaxkfuV b. Aug. 5, 1739 ; d. . 

388. Maktha, b. June 5, 1742; d. ; tu. March 25, 1702, Josiah Rich. 

389. Maky, b. Noa . 29, 1743 ; d. . 

300. Abigail, b. ; d. ; m. Jan. 27, 1703, Henry Young. 

By his second marriage: 

391. Keubisn, b. Aug. 23, 1748; d. Jaa. 24, 1819; m. May 23, 1802, Anna Thayer. 

302. Runt, b. Nov. 17, 1750: d. Any. 20, 1823; m. Oct. 25, 1770, Daniel Cove!',. 

393. 15I.ISUA, b. .I.i.i. 27, 1755; d. Nov. 11, 183G; m. Dee. 21, 1775, Hannah Snow. 

394. Ls.wo. b. April 17, 1755; d. June 29, 1813; m. Oct. 50, 1783, Sarah Hopkins. 
395. Aakox, b. 

112 Richard"' Stevens (Altr/ail* Ti-cal, Samuel, 3 Robert, 3 RichanV), born Sept. 
•1, 1711, in Truro, Mass.; died Dee. l'(1, 1702, in his eighty-second year (gravestone, 
North Truro, which is an error), or Dee. 2G, 1791, aged eighty, according to Rev. Mr. 


Damon's record; married, first, June 11, 1741, Maky Gkoss, born Juno 9, 1 720, died 

, and daughter of Micah and Mary Gross; they both owned the covenant June 20, 

17-12; second, Nov. 10, 1768, Maky Nickkuson, of L'rov'mcctown. Resided in Truro. 
Was a coo[>er by trade ; bought pew No. 12, in the new meeting house, in 17G5, Cor £103 ; 
Jan. 15, 1770, was appointed one of a committee to act for the interests of the town ; was 
town treasurer in 1777, and held the office for three years. His will was dated March 
10,1787; probated March 27, 1792. Inventory, £32G Ills. Mentions wife. Mary ; sons 
Richard, and Levi who was appointed executor ; grandsons Richard Stevens, Atkins Smith, 
and Samuel Parker, 

Children, born and baptized in Truro: 

39G. Jonah, b. -May 8, 1742; bapt. June 20, 1742; d. ; m. Oct. 17, 1765, Rachel Rich. 

307. Micah, b. April II. 1744; bapt. .May 13, 1744. 

398. Maky, b. ; bapt. Feb. 22, 1717; (1. in infancy. 

300., b. May 5, 1748; bapt. June 5, 1748; d. March 15', 1S29; in. Oct. 19, 1772, Anna 

400. Rich u:d, b. April 22, 1751 ; bapt,. June 23, 1751 ; d. ; m. , Mercy . 

401. Mary, b. Oct. 30, 1754 ; bapt. June 10, 1755; d. ; in., 1st, ; 2d, ; 3d, 

402. Abigail, b. June 1G, 1750; bapt. July 18, 1756; d. Feb. 9, 1770 (g. s., Nortli Truro). 

403. IliLNiiv, b. Sept. IS, 1759; bapt. .Sept.. 28, 1750. 

115 Jerusha 5 Stevens (Abigail* Treat, Samuel, 3 Hubert? KicJiard 1 ), born Jan. 17, 
1710-7, in Truro, Mass. ; died Nov. 30, 178.8, aged seventy-two (gravestone, North Truro) ; 
married about 1736 (published Feb. 20, 1735-G), Benjamin Collins, 1 horn .May 11, 1713, 
died March 10, 1794., aged eighty-one (gravestone, North Truro), and son of Benjamin 
and Sarah Collins of Eastliam, Mass. He was a prominent and wealthy man in Truro. 
Both he and his wife owned the covenant Dec. 2, 1739, and in 1 7 ;"> , when the meeting 
house was enlarged and remodelled, ho bought pew No. 1, on the right side of the front 
door for £193. His will was dated Dec. 20, 1787. Was styled "gentleman." Mentions 
wife Jerusha; children Hannah Snow, Joanna Atwood, Benjamin, Treat and Michael; 

granddaughters Jeruslia .and Mercy Collins. Son Benjamin executor. Mr. Damon, 

his pastor, in his diary, calls him "a very worthy man." 

Children of Benjamin and Jeruslia Collins, born and baptized in Truro: 

401. Ml lav,' : h. Aug. 14, 1737; bapt. Dee. 2, 1730. 

405. JiaasiiA, b. June 9, 1730; bapt. Dec. 2, 1730; d. Dec. 9, 175S. 

1 The name Collins is often written Cotlicgs in wills, town records and on gravestones. The origin 
of the familj is unknown. Am unable to trace it to Henry Collins of Lynn. We can trace it for 
a certainty to 

JosKPn Collins, of Easthnui, b. ; d. ; m. March 20, 1071-2, n,ilh Khowlet, of Kast- 

ham. She is commonly called Dutj Knowles, but Mr. Josiab l'aiuc assures nic that in the original 
recrd the word is plainly Uuty, which like lluthey, stands for Ruth, lie settled in Easthain before 
1(170. Had live sons. His. son: 

Benjamin- fori ixs, b. Feb G..1GS7; d. Dec. 23, 1750, in his 70th year (g. s , North Truro) ; m. 

, Surah , -who d. April 2, 1750, in her 73d year (g. s., North Truro), lie removed from 

Easthain to Truro, and became an extensive fanner, owning many hundreds of acres of land at the 
Head of l'anict, near the ocean. His num. anus farm buildings remained up to a comparatively 
recent period. lie was the owner of Hector, the lassl slave in Truro, having purchased him Oct 7, 
172G, when about three years old, of Jonathan l'aiuc Cor £30. Hector was baptized by Uev. John 
Avery, June :>7, 1717. July 17, I72S, Thomas Million!, Jonathan l'aiuc, and Uenj. Collins were ap- 
pointed trustees to receive for the town of Truro its proportion of the £00,000 loan. Had nine. 
children- live sons ami four daughters. His sou : 

Benjamin Coi lins, l>. May 11, 1713; in. Jcrushur' Stevens, as above. 


40(1. Hannah, b. Juno 9, 1741; bapt. .Inly 20, 1711 ; cl. Fob. 1, 1S1G, aged 75; in. June 7, 1759, 
David Snow, who d. (?) May 25, 1792. 

407. RieiiAiin, b. June 20, 171:'.; bapt. July 31, 1743; d. ; m. .Rebecca . 

408. Bknmauix, b. April 19, 1715; bapt. .Ian.' 9, 171.",; d. ; in., 1st, , Elizabeth 

; 2d, .Ian. 23, 177:?, Ltaelicl Lombard. 

409. Joanna, b. March 2, 1740-7; bapt. .April 2G, 1717; d. Dec. 27, 1809; m. Fob. 13, 17G6, 

Joshua Atwood, of Wcllflecl, who d. Deo. 21, 1812. 

410. Tiiiut, b. Feb. 1G, 1748-9; bapt. April :', 1749; cl. ; m. April 9, 1774, Jane Sarah 8 


411. Silvanus, b. June 3, 1752; bapt. July 19, 177.2. 

412. Micau (called Michael in the will), b. Feb. 5, 1755; bapt. June 19, 177.5. 

118 John 5 Stevens (Abigail* Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert," Richard 1 ), bora about 
1722 ; baptized Sept. 13, 1722, in Truro, Mass. ; died Nov. 6, 1790, in Ins sixty-ninth year 
(gravestone, NorlJi Truro) ; married, first, April 15, 1712, Joanna Smith, who died June 
15, 1748, in her twentieth year (gravestone, North Truro) ; second, Nov. 15, 17 1 i, Betty 
Mayo, who died Nov. 9, 1807, aged eighty-one. Widow Betty was appointed adminis- 
tratrix of his estate, March 27, 17 u _>. , Inventory £150 lis. Resided in Truro. 

Children, born and baptized in Truro: 

413. RiCHAjtn, b. Warci. 15, 1744-5; bapt. July 7, 17.55. 
411. Thomas, b. Feb. 12, 174G-7 ; bapt. March 22, 1717. 

415. Lkttioe ) t . b Tr]j „ r48 _ f bapt. Feb. 19, 1749; cl. April 21, 1749. 

410. Joanna 5 ' ' t bapt. Feb. 19, 1749; cl. May 14, 1749. 

417. Lkttice b. April 20, 1750; bapt. May 28, 1750. 

418. Joanna, b. Sept. 18, 1752; bapt. ; cl. Nov. 19, 181G. 

41". Oahoi rsis, b. May 7, 1755; bapt. June 19, 1755. 

420. lii'i iK, b. April 2, )75y ; bapt. .April 9, 175S. 

421. John, b. Julj 13, 17G0; bapt. Aug. 10, 1700. 

422. Jkiu-sha, b. ; bapt. Sept. 18, 17G3. 

423. Jonah, b. ; bapt. Juue 7, 1707. 

421. James, b. June in, 17GS; bapt. Aug. 21, 17GS; d. Jan. 17, 1801, aged 2.2, at Norfolk, Va. 
425. TOAM (dan.), b. Nov. 0, 1770; bapt. Nov. IS, 1770. 

119 Mary 5 Treat (Joseph* Samuel* Robert* Richard 1 ), born May 3, 17M, in 
Boston; died Aug. 24, 1744, in Boston (gravestone, Copp's Hill) ; married Dec. 9, 173G, 
by Rev. Joshua Gee, Philip Howell, born about 17)4, died in Boston, March 5, 175"., 
aged thirty-nine (gravestone Copp's Hill), and son ofPhilip and Sarah (dough) Howell, 
who were married Dec. IS, J711 ; the father dying Oct. 20, 1717, when his son was in in- 
fancy. Mr. Howell was a caulker by trade. His wife Mary owned the covenant at the 
Second church, Sept. 11, 1737. June 28, 1738, he was admitted a member of No. ! Fire 
Kngine Co. of Boston, and was a meinbei in 1742'. 

Children of Philip and Mary Howell, born in Boston : 
420. i\i vitY. I.. Oct. 15, 1737; bapt. Ocl 15, 172.7. 
427. I'm :. ii', b. Oct. 10, 1739; bapt. Oct. 14, 1739. 

120 Abigail 5 Treat, (Joseph,* Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born March 10, 
1715—6, in Boston ; died ; married Fell. 22, 1736, Euexezeu 5 Gkoss (p. 213). born 

,Aug. 17, 171"., and son of Micah and Mary Gross, of Truro, Mass. He is supposed to 
have removed from Boston to Main,-, where three, al least, of his children settled. Can 
find no trace of the family in Boston after 1 7 hi except that his sou Ebcuezer, when mar- 
ried in 17G;;, is said to be of Boston, according to the Truro records. 

228 robekt tkeat: fifth generation. 

Children of "Ebenezcr ami Abigail Gross, born in Boston and baptized in the Second 
church : 

428. Kiii'M./ii;, 6 b. ; l>:i]>L Jan. 8, 1737-S ; d. about 1800; m. Nov. 21, 17C3, Ilannali 


429. Josi I'll, b. Dec. 20, 1739; bapt. Dee. 23, 17.".!'; d. .Tun. — , 1S17, aged 80 (?) ; m. , Ta- 

bitha Goodell. 

4:10. Philii', b. ; b:ipt. March 15, 1711 ; d. . Lived near Scituate, Mass. 

431. Amour., b. ; bapt. Dec. 18, 1712; d. . 

4.V2. Simon, b. ; bapt. March 25, 174-1; d. young. 

133. Jonx, b. ; bapt. April 21, 1745; d. . Moved to Camden, Mc. 

431. Mary, b. ; bapt. Dec. 28, 174C; d. ; m. , Lamson, and lived in 

Camden, Me. 

435. Joshua, b. ; cl. , on a voyage to the West Indies. 

122 Joauua s Treat (Joseph,* Samuel, 3 Robert? Richard* ), born ; baptized 

Jan. 20, 1722-3, in Truro, Mass. ; died May 1, , aged thirty-one (gravestone on Copp's 

Hill, Boston, date illegible) ; married Nov. 9, 1 714, James 4 Tilestone, 1 baptized May ".M, 

1704, died , and son of James and Mary Tilestone. He was a houscwright, and 

his wife Joanna was admitted to the covenant in the New Brick Church, Boston. Sept. 13, 
1747, where her children were baptized. 

Joanna Tilestone of Boston, and .Mary Tilestone of Barre, sold land, Aug. 27, 1784, to 
James Tilestone of Ncwburyport. (Sufi'. Deeds, 144: 107.) .lames Tilestone and others, 
of New bury port, petitioned the General Court, Aug. 2S, 1780, for permission to sail a 
vessel to the "West Indies. (Mass. Archives, 177: 2C.) 

Children of .lames and Joanna Tilestone, horn in Boston : 

436. James, 6 b. Oct. 11 (?), 17+7; bapt. Oct. 7, 1717. 
4:17. Joaxxa, b. ; bapt. .March 6, 1749. 

438. Mary, b. ; bapt. April 22, 1750. 

123 Capt. John 5 Treat {Joseph, 4 Samuel,* Robert? Richard*), born- — ; 

baptized April 11, 1725, in Truro; died , I75S; killed according to family tradition, 

at the second taking of Louisbnrg from the French; married Sept. 2, 17-17, Abigail 4 

'The family name of Tylcslonc, or Tilestone, was probably derived from Tilstone, in Cheshire, 
England, where tlic family lived. Due branch altered the name to Tillotson, it is said about 1(100, 
of which family was John Tillotson, Abp. of Canterbury. 

Thomas' Tilestone, b. , 1011, in England; d. June 24, 1694, aged S3; m. , Elizabeth 

. Was granted land in Dorchester in 1634, and made a freeman, March 19,1030-7. Had 

seven children, —three sons, and four daughters. His son: 

Lieut. Timothy 2 Tilestone, b. . 1036; d. Aug. 9, 1G97; m. May 3, 1659, Sarah Briilqman, 

who d. Jane 20, 1712. Was made a freemi uin 1006, and a representative in 1689. lie was a cooper, 
ami owned a tide mill, now known as Tilestonc's mill. Had seven children, — four sons am] three 
daughters. Ills son : 

.1 \mi.s j To kstcixe, b. Jnly2, 1075; cl. Teh. 20, 1739-10, aged 62 (?), (g. s Copp's Hill) ; m. .Inly 20, 
170::, Mary White, who d. about 1749. lie was a liousewright. His name appears among the 
twenty-four persons who associated to build the new brick church, which was erected about 17lM. 
He was one of the building committee, and aiming the first of Ihose who gathered themselves 
into a church slate. His widow and sou, James, were appointed to administer his estate Feb. 16, 
1740*. The inventory, dated Feb. 18, 1740-1, amounts to £2354 8s. Gd. including four negroes. 
Had four children,— three sons, ami one daughter. His son: 

jAMEa 4 Tilkstoxe, m. Joanna 7Vi a! as. above. 


Hartt, 1 horn Doc. 8, 1727, died May 10, 1790, and daughter of Captain Ralph and Mary 
(Hudson) Hartt. They were married by the Rev. Henry Caner, the last Church of Eng- 
land priest of King's Chapel, a graduate of Yale in L724, inducted as rector, April II, 

1717, and dismissed in .March 17, 1770, when, with a large number of his parishioners, 
being Loyalists, he left the country. After the death of Captain Treat, she married 
for her second husband in 17G3 (published Oct. 5, 170:'.) Edward Gyles, of Boston, by 
whom she had three children. See the Giles Memorial, pp. 133-134. According to family 
tradition, John Trent was a captain in the French war. When his widow was about to 
marry Edward Gyles in 1703, she took out letters of administration on the estate of her 
late husband. The letters arc dated Nov. lo, 170M. In them John Treat is said to have 
been '"a soldier in his Majesties Corps of Rangers, intestate." The bond is signed by Abigail 
Treat, Joseph Howe, tinplate worker, — her sister Rebecca's husband,— and Edward Gyles, 
painter and stainer. Very little is known about the Rangers. They were a kind of in- 
dependent soldiers, sometimes called Light Infantry, and employed on scouting expeditions, 
where quickness of movement was very desirable. If is said that the pay rolls were sent 
to England for adjustment and payment and never returned. It is therefore impossible 
to obtain the name of the soldiers, except as recorded in private lists, town records, and 
family tradition. Louisburg was taken from the French by Sir William Pepperrell in 17 1.7, 
but restored to them in 1748. It- was retaken duly 2G, 1758, the siege bavin",- begun dune 
8th of the same year. In 1757, the Earl of Loudon and Gov. Pownall held a correspond- 
ence about; raising Rangers, who were to be selected from Massachusetts troops. May 
22, 175S, there were at Halifax six companies of Rangers, comprising seven hundred men, 
under ..Major, or Brigadier Major Scott, awaiting; the attack on Louisburg. Knox, in hit; 
Historical Journal of the Campaigns in North America from 1757-1700, gives some account 

1 Samubl 1 Hakt, b. , in England; d. about 1GS3, in Lynn, Mass.; m., 1st, , Mary 

■ , who d. Dec. 24. 1G71; 2d, Jan. 2'.', 1674, Mary Whiting. lie settled in Lynn between IG43 

ami 1G50. The Inventory of the estate of Samuel Hart, sr., of Lynn, is elated July i, IGS-i, and al- 
lowed Nov. 27, 1GS3. Samuel and Joseph Mart, sons, were administrators. Widow Hart signed 
her name with :) mark. A widow Mary Hart m. March .">. 1GS4, Win. Beale, In Lynn. The family 
name was variously spelled, Hart, Hartt, Hard', and Harlte. In this ease it is Hart. A Samuel 
Hart, probably son of Samuel, sr., was an apprentice to George Coale in 1(175. Samuel Hart, sr., is 
supposed to have married a daughter of Edmund Necdham, who was probably the widow of — 
How, as there is mention by Ncedham in his will, dated June 2G, 1G77, o£ Hart's daughter-in-law, 
Elizabeth How, who by marriage was then Elizabeth Chad well, and s c of Hart's children,— Sam- 
uel, eldest, son. Joseph, Abigail, her grandfather Xcedham's nurse, and Hehecca. 

Children, born in Lynn, by his lirsL marriage : 

1. Manj" b. ; d. Sept. 20, 1037. 

2. Samuel, b. ; d. Dee. 30, 1730. 

3. Hannah, b. April — , 1057. 

4. Joseph, b. April 10, 1059; d. ; in. June 21, 1GS4, Ruth Chadwcll. 

a. Abigail, b. Nov. 15, 1GG0. 

' <;. John, b. Aug, ."., JGGG; d. Oct. 8, 1GG7. 

7. Hebecca, b. Jan. 27. 10(58. 

8. Ezektel, b. April 28, IGG9; d. May 10, IGG9. 

By his second marriage: 

9. William, b. .Ian. 4, 1G7G. 

Cap). Samukl 5 Haw-it, b. ; d. Dee. 30, 1730, in Lynn; m., 1st, Jan. I, 1080-1, Elizabeth In- 

galls, of Lynn, b. March 7, 1G59, d. Nov. 2, KiSl, and granddaughter of Edmund mid Francos Ingalls, 
who came from Lincolnshire in 1029; 2d, June 9, 1GSJ, Abigail Lamberil, oi Lambert, d. Sept. 1, 1717, 


of the Rangers in this campaign, and on page 238, describes their uniform. They wore of 
great service al the landing of the forces on the filhof June, and subsequently. The troops 
disembarked al Saint Ann's at the eastern end of the Island of Cape Breton, aboul 
twelve miles from Choborogue Bay. The loss of the French daring this siege is said to 
have amounted to between 1,500 and 2,000 including women and children. The English 
loss in killed and wounded was 515, though some estimate the number higher, distributed 
as follows : 

Killed. Wounded. 

Captains 2 , 4 

Lieutenants 8 16 

Ensigns 2 3 

Sergeants 3 4 

Corporals 7 3 

Privates 146 315 

Drummers 2 

Total 168 317 

Sec Boston News Letter, Aug. 21, 1758 ; Knox's HistoricalJournal, pages 127-197. The 
names of the killed and wounded are unfortunately not given. John Treat was allowed 
£10 for assistance in settling Iris father's estate in 1756. 

Children, born in Boston: 

439 Abigail,' b. Dee. 29, 17-17; d. July --, 1797; ra. April 24, 1771, Maj. Elias Parkman. 

440 Samuio., b. , 1750; <1. May 1, 1S0G; m., 1st, , 1779 (pub. Mare!. 10, 1770). 

Elizabeth Brewer; 2d, June 20, 1790, Ann May; 3d, about 1S00 (pub. Doc. 29, 1800) 
Helena Merlin o do St. Pry. 

124 Lieut. Joshua 5 Treat {Joseph, 4 Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born Sept. 22, 
1729, in Boston; died Aug. 12 (17, Prospect records), 1802, at Prospect, Me. ; married, 

aged 81 (g.s., Old Burying Ground, where her name is spelled Hartt), and dau. of Michael Lambert, 
wliod. Aug. IS. 1G7G. The will of Samuel Hartt, si-., of Lynn, yeoman, is dated .tunc G, 1730, and 
probated Fi b. 2:,, 172,1-2. li. mentions wife Abigail, suns John and Ralph, vi lm are sole executors, 
daughters Mary Munslield, and Haiui.aU. Signed Samuel Uarlle, his mark. 
Children, born in Lynn, by his lirst marriage: 

1. Elizabeth, 1 b. Oct. 22, 1GS1; d. Feb. IS, IG82. 
By his second marriage : 

2. Snmwl, b. June 9, 16S5. 

3. Mart,, b. Feb. 28, 1G87-S; d ; m. , Mansfield. 

4. Haiaiah, b. Jan. 2.",. 1G90-I. 

5. John, li. Aug. 24, 1693; d. ; m., April 21, 1710, Experience Norton. 

6. Myckall. b. July 13, 109G; d. Oct. 11, 1718, aged 22 (g. s. Lynn). 

7. Balph, 1>. June 12, 1699; 1. March 14, 177G. 

Capt. IUi.imi 3 Uaui-t, b. .Tan,- 12, 1G99, in Lynn; d. March II, 1770, aged 77, in Boston (g. s., 
Copps Hill); m., 1st, Xuv. 27, !7:-2, Mary Hiuhoii. b. May 27, 1699, in Lynn, d. Aug, 2, 172.:;, aged 
84yrs. 2mos. (g. s. Copp's ETUI), and dan. of Moses and Sarah (Collins) Hudson, who were in. 
Nov. 12. n;s;, : I'd, about 1732, (pub. Dee. 12. 17;;:;, in Boston, and April 22. 172,:;. in L\mil, JLois, or 

Lewes Rowland of Lynn. b. ,1705; d. Nov. 5, 1751, aged 4G yrs. (g. s., Copp's Hill); 3d, about 

1752 (pal). \.,\. 9, 1752), Mrs. Sarah Osgood, of Stoneham, .Mass. She. survived Iic-r husband, and 
after his death removed to Stoneham. Capt. Haul; was a well known and respectable citizen of 
Host. in: resided in Lynn in 1722. Ho was elected a member of Ihe.Aiicieul and Honorable Artillery 
Co. in 1739, and chosen captain in I7.M. Feb. 28, 1712, he was commissioned by Gov. Shirley as 
Lieut, of the FootCo.of Boston. This commission is printed in the Geneal. Keg., Vol. wciv, p.271. 


first, Dec. 9, 1755, Catharine James, born , died May 4, 1790, and daughter of 

William and Catharine (Cunningham) James, of Fort George's, now Warren, Me. Mr. 
James died Oct. 20, 1790, aged eighty-one, and was one of the first Scotch Irish settlers 
on George's river, the Indian name of which was Georgcckee. For his second wife lie 
married Dec. 25, 1793, by Benjamin Slmte, Esq., Mrs. I'uu.i Lakcastkk, spelled Lanks- 
ter in the Prospect records, where she. resided. Mr. Treat was a gunsmith by trade. He 
was at Fort George's as early as Aug., 1750, and perhaps a little earlier. The fort was 
erected in 1719-20. His name first appears on the pay roll of Capt. Jahez Bradbury's 
company, Aug. 30, 1750— June 1G, 1753, as armorer, at GGs. Sd. wages pea 1 month. In 
1757, the pay was reduced to 40s. A treaty wiih the Eastern Indians was ratified at this 
fort, Oct. 20, 1752, which was witnessed to by thirty-two persons, among whom was Joshua 
Treat. See Annals of the Town of Warren, by George Eaton. Mr. Treat has also fur- 
nished an account of a conference with the Indians, dated St.. George's, July 27, 1757, 
on which occasion he acted as sworn interpreter of the Indian language. (Mass. Ar- 
chives, 82: 777.) Feb. 2, 175;), the committee, appointed by the General Court to con- 
sider Governor Pownall's message, reported that it was expedient lo build a fort on the 
Penobscot, and that when built, the fortsat Si. George's andPemaquid should he disman- 
tled, and the garrisons removed to the Penobscot. Accordingly an expedition was lil- 
ted out for tin.' work, which left Boston, May 4, 1759, accompanied by the governor. If 
touched at Falmouth, now Portland, where it remained a few days, leaving on the eighth. 
On the ninth it arrived at George's river, where it. received on board a part of the garri- 
son there, a portion marching for the Penobscot by laud. On the seventeenth, the expe- 
dition readied Fort Point Harbor, now Stockton Springs. The building of a fort was com- 
menced at once'. The governor embarked for home on the twenty-sixth, and arrived at 
Castle William, Boston harbor, on the twenty-eighth. The fort was completed about 

His gravestone, andtliosc of his first two wives may still be seen in good condition on Copp's Hill. 
The inventory of the estate of Ralph llartt, gentleman, intestate, dated June 24, 177G (Suff. 1'rob. 
75: 13-^), amounts to £095 12s. Gd. Among the items are these : 

Nilvi r Tankard, porringers, spoons, &c. 52oz. 3pwt. fa) Gs. Sal. £17. 7. 8. 

2 gold Rings & Silver watch. £:>l - 19 - '<• 

Mansion House and land on Charter St. C ;;iin - 8. 0. 

Other Houses and lands amounting to '-'•"'•"•"- "■ °. 

The Hants were a family of shipwrights. At their wharf, now Constitution -wharf, the frigate 
Constitution was launched in 1797. Edmund llartt was the master carpenter. 
Children, born in Bo-ton and baptized in the Second church: 

1. Zephaniah,* b. Oct. Hi, 1721; bapt. Dee. 3, 172-1 ; d. Sept. — , 1701, aged 117; in. Nov. 24, 1748, 
Sarah Con].. Was a shipwright. la 17G5, he was made a member of the A. and 1!. Artillery Co.; 
was afterwards a lieutenant. 

2. Mary, b. .July lit, 172G; bapt. Aug 7, 172G; cl. Jan 10, )7fio, aged .".2 (?), (g. s., Copp's mil); 

m., 1753 (pub. Feb. 1, 1753), Joshua Bowles, b. about, 1722, d. Aug. 31, 1704. aged 72, and 

son of Ilea. John Bowles, of Roxbnry, and Sarah his wife, who was the dan. of Rev. John Kliot 
of Newton, and granddaughter of Rev. John Eliot, the "Apostle" to the Indians. I!" was a bri- 
gade major during the Revolution. 

3., b. Dee. 8, 1727; bapt. Dee. 10. 1727; (1. May 10, 1700; m., 1st, Sept. 2, 1717, John 
Treat ; 2d, about 17G3 (pub. Oct. 5, 17G3), Edward Gyles, b. .May 23, 1718, d. July IS, 1785, by whom 
she had two ■sons and one daughter. 

4. . Rebecca, b. April 21, 1720; bapt. April 27, 1729; d. ; m. about 1750, Joseph Howe. b. 

■ ; d. , 1784. lie was a tin-plate worker. In 1770, the Boston Committee of Correspond- 
ence entered a complain) against him for breach of orders, lie resided, and lind Ills work-hop in 
Marshall St., near the Boston stone. In 1708 Ihe house was occupied by his son Joseph Howe. 

5. Samuel, b. Dee. 12, 1730; bapt. Dec. 20, 1730. 

232 ROBERT treat: fifth generation. 

July 0, .it a cost of nearly £3, 000 and named Fort Pownall, in honor of the governor. 
See Governor Pownall's Journal, Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 38, A, pp. 305-321 ; Wil- 
liamson's Hist, of Maine, pp. 335-339, Vol. 2. and his Hist, of the City of Belfast, chap- 
ter -1, p. 56, for a cut of this fort, as it is supposed to have appeared ; N. K. Hist, ami 
Genealogical Reg., Vol. XIII, p. 1G7-S ; XIV, pp. 4-10. 

In the rolls of Capt. George Berry's company, at Fort Pownall, I find the name of 
Joshua Treat, as ensign Ir April 1-July 16, 1759, at £2 10s. per month (Mass. Ar- 
chives, 97 : 213). From July 16, 1759-May 31, 1774, lie was armorer; Jan. 20, 1764, 
his pay was raised from 40s. fo 50s., and July 20, 1766, increased to 70s. ; from July 
29, 176G-May 31, 1774, it was only 30s. He probably continued to serve as armorer af- 
ter the breaking out, of the Revolution, for lie is spoken of in a public document (Mass. 
Archives, 20s : 355), as acting in that capacity. I cannot find that, lie ever held any 
higher rank than that of ensign, though always now called Lieut. Joshua Treat. From 
July 2G, 1765-June 2, 17GG, he acted as Indian interpreter, with Thomas Fletcher, at £3 
per month. 

According to tradition Joshua Treat was the first permanent white settler on the Pe- 
nobscot. Whipple says : 

"During this year [1759] Lieut. Joshua Treat arrived at this fort, in a ship from Bos- 
ton loaded with government stores for the fort; where he remained and was the first act- 
ual settler on the Penobscot river." Geographical view of the district of Maine, p. 81. 

Put, Mr. Treat did not, come direct from Boston. lie came from St. George's, and was 
not lieutenant, but, armorer. Jt is also a tradition that in Slay, 1759, he paddled up the 
river in a canoe with Governor Pownall, and landed on the banks of Sowadabscoolc 
stream in Hampden, where he acted as interpreter in a conference held with the Tarratine 
Indians, a warlike race, and introduced the governor to tin' old chief Modocovvanda. 

Dee. 17, 17G0, the following petition was directed to the General Court., by Mr. Treat 
(Mass. Archives, 79 : 332): 

"The Petition of Joshua Treat 
Humbly shews;, 

That he has been in the service of this Province as Armorer 
of the Fort at St. Georges upwards of Ten Years, & endeavoured to discharge his Duty 
faithfully, and at the time said Fort consisted of thirty men he receiv'd Three pounds per 
month. That when Foil. Pownal was Built your l'et 1 ' was removed there, ami altho' the 
establishment of said Fort consisted of one hundred men, & he has the care & trouble of 
the like Number of Arms, your Pet 1 '-- Pay instead of being inlarged in proportion fo his 
care & trouble is reduced to Forty shillings per month, which he finds too small an al- 
lowance for his support. 

"That in the month of August 1759, your Pet r was taken sick at Fort Pownal & as no 
Physician was there he was removed fo St . Georges & there continued sick under the Physi- 
cians care eleven Weeks iV his sickness continuing he was removed from thence to Boston 
where he was conlin'd under the Physicians care seven weeks longer during the w liich time 
he never received any Garrison or Hospital allowance. That the necessary Charges & 
Expenses for Board, modecine & attendance during said Sickness amounted to upwards 
eleven Pounds lawful money, which he is obliged to Pay, and as Your Pel 1 ' was in the Prov- 
ince Service at the time of his sickness & no Provision was made for the sick. lie hum- 
bly Piays Your Excellency A. Honours consideration of his Case, & that a reasonable 
Addition may be made to his Wages, and also that an allowance may be made linn for 
the charges of his sickness. And Your Pel' as in Duly Bound will Pray <^c. 

Joshua Treat." 

Fort Pownall, near where Mr. Treat settled, was originally in the town of Frankfort, 



now Stockton Springs. Frankfort was incorporated Jnne 29, 1789, and extended from 

Belfast line to Wheeler's mills. Was originally a very large town, but has been divided 
into several towns. Prospect was set oil' ami incorporated Feb. 2-1, 1794 ; Searsport was 
incorporated Feb. 13, 1845, which took a little from Belfast; Stockton was incorporated 
March 13, 1857 (the name has si nee been changed to Stockton Springs) , and Winterport in 
18C0. Mr. Treat's lot was near the head of Fort. Point Cove, just above Stockton village, 
and was divided by the comity road. His house was on the southeasterly coiner of the 
lot, about two miles due north of Fort Pownall, where a part of the cellar is still visi- 
ble. The dimensions are about 40 by 25 feet. His grave, unmarked by any monument, 
is nearer the shore. His sons Robert and James inherited the lot, the former the north- 
erly half. The author visited the. place in 1890. During the Revolution Mr. Treat 
moved his family to Camden, but soon returned. 

One of Mr. Treat's account books is now in the possession of E. P. Treat, of Frankfort. 
It consists of 241 pages. The lower part of the book has been much injured by damp, 
and a few of the leaves have been torn out. The name of Joshua Treat is on the first 
page, and on the inside of the cover opposite, the word Fort Pownall, is written several 
times. It was opened in 1764 and extended to 17G7, but the once vacant spaces have 
been filled up with entries from 177>4 to 17!>7, some of them taken from a previous book. 
In the earlier entries the penmanship is very good, and everything shows that Mr. Treat 
understood book-keeping. Later on the writing is not so good or so carefully done. 

Resides being armorer at the fort, he kept a store containing such articles as wen; 
needed in the settlement, as rum, meal, molasses, pork, moose meat, tobacco, flip, cof- 
fee, shoes, various kinds of dry goods, etc. lie was also probably the only mechanic in 
the neighborhood and did all kinds of blacksmith work, making bolts, tempering axes, 
mending guns, repairing steel traps, and forging the iron work for vessels. lie did some 
trading with his cousin Samuel Treat in Boston, of the firm of Treat & l'ico. As early 
as 17G5, he owned a farm which he leased to Aimer Lowell under certain conditions, 
page 51. On page 231, is'Hhc Indian account," which contains this entry among others: 
"Lent Sabbatis Alteon a trap foi the fall Ilunl which he is to pay me £4.0.0." On page 
148, under date of "Oct. ye 10, 1797," is this curious entry : "This Hay Rickoned and 
settled with my son Josh" Treat, all accounts Debts Dues and Demands from the Begin- 
ing of the World to this day and received payment in full of forty shillings Lawful 


as Witness my Hand 
Josh" Treat." 

Oct. 7, 17G7, he paid Thomas Cooper for "schooling my 2 children £10," page 83. 
The book contains the names of many of the early settlers and is valuable on that account. 
Mr. Treat must have been a man of great energy and enterprise. His silverware far 
exceeded that of any other settler on the river. 

Autograph, 177)7 : 


The family Bible, which was given to .Joshua's mother by her father Edward Larkin, 


contained the family record, but it is so worn anil faded that in some cases it cannot be 
made out. It is to be round among the Prospect town records. 

Children, the first two born at Furl. George's, the others in Frankfort, afterwards Pros- 
pect, now Stockton Springs, by liis first marriage: 

441. JosntM, 6 b. Sept. 1G, 1750 ; d. Oct. 22, 18*20 ; in. March 5, 17S0, Lydia Buck. 

442. Cathahinb, l>. March i, 17157; d. Dec. 20, 17(!0. 

443. Mauy, b. Sept. 23, 1750; d. Dec. 19, 17G3. 

444. A.n.n, Ij. .lime 8, 17G2; d. May 5, 17G4. 

445. JosEi'it, b. Jan. It. 17GI ; d. May G, 183G ; m. Nov. 27, 17SS, Abigail Idc. 

446. John, b. June 4, 17GG; d. Aug. 29,'17GG. 

447. Catharine, b. June I!, 1708; it. June 30, 17GS. 

448. Elizabeth, h. July 10, 1700; d. Jan. 22, 1837; in. Dee. 10, 1789, Nathan Griffin. 
44«. William Jamks, b. Dee. KG, 1771; d. Sept. 10, 1801; m. April 21, 1792, [luldah Stimson. 
450. John, , /• d. April 11, 1870; in., 1st, Jau. 7, 1S02, Sarah Sweet- 

l twins, b. Aug. 22, 17/5;] sei ; 2d, June 2 I, 1829, Mrs. Lucy (Porter) Littletteld. 
451. Samuel, J Id. Fob. 10, 185<>, in Wintcrport, Me.; umn. 

452. llowsRT, b. June G, 1777 j d. April 11, 1845; in., 1st, Nov. 12, 1801, Mary Kidley; 2d, May 

15, 1831, or June 14, 1842, Mrs. Rebecca (l'.err.V) Crockett. 

453. Jamks, b. Aug. 30, 177!); d. Nov. 30, 1819; in. April 20, 180G, Lydia Parker. 

By his second marriage: 
454. Yvauuk.n, b. Sept. 1G, ISO] ; d. , 1801. 

128 Elizabeth'" Treat (Joseph,* Samuel* Robert* IticharcV), born ; bap- 
tized Oct. is, 1717, in Boston; died Dec. 4, 1830, aged eighty-two (gravestone, Brewer, 
Me.); married Dec. 13, 1768, by Rev. John Lathrop, John 5 Holyokk, ' born Aug. 27, 
1743, in Boston, died Aug. 21, 1807, aged sixty-four (gravestone, Brewer), and son of 
Jacob and Susannah (.Martin) Uolyoko. Mr. llolyoke was a cooper, and resided in Bos- 
ton. According to family tradition he was one of the Tea Party, Dec. Id, 17775, though 
liis name does not appear in the list given by Drake, Tea Loaves, pp. xcn-xoiv. This list 
does not pretend to be a complete one. About 177.">. he removed to the settlement of 
Penobscot, on the Penobscot river. This name was an indefinite one, meaning any unincor- 
porated place on the river above the mouth, lie. was among the earliest settlers in Or- 

'JoilN Hoi yoke (spilled Holliock, or Holiokc) of Alcoster, Warwick Co., England, mercer, made 
his will, Nov. 21, 1587, and mentions wife Elizabeth; father-in-law Richard Stokes; children Mary, 
Edward, and a child not yet born. John Stockton was a witness. His sou: 

Kiiwuio' IIolyokk, b. in England; d. May 4, 1GG0; in. June 12, 1012, Prudence Stockton, 

daughter of liev. John Stockton, rector of liiucolt. He is said to have come from Tam worth in Staf- 
fordshire, close to the northern boundary of Warwickshire. Was in Lynn, Mass., 1G3G-7, and 
made a freeman March 11, 1G3S-9. Lived mostly in liumuey Marsh, now Chelsea, Mass. Was 
representative for several towns between 1G39 and 1GJ8. His son: Elizuk,* or Etrrzun Hoi.YOKE, b. , in England ; d. Sept. — , 1G7G; m., 1st, Nov. 20, 

1040, Mary Pt/nchoti, who d. Oct. 2G, lev/, and daughter of William Pynchon, of Springfield, Mass. ; 

2d, , w'ulow Esther Muynanl. Hcsidcd in Springfield, and was representative to the General 

Court, 1050, '07, '70, '73,'75. Had seven children, —five sous, and two daughters. His son: 

Ewzuit 3 Holyokk, h Oct. 12, 1051 ; it. Aug. 11, 1711, aged sixty; in. Jan. 2, 1077. Mary Eliot, 
who J. Feb. 2, 1720 1, aged sixty-six, and daughter of Jacob Eliot, Jr., of IJoston. Lived in Uos- 
toUj and was representative io the General Court 1701 7. Had eleven children, —seven sons, and 
four daughters. His son : 

•Iacoii 4 Holyokk, b. Nov. 0, 1G97; d. Sept. 19, 17G7; in. Aug. 13, 1730, Susannah Martin, who d. 
- — , 1784. Was a merchant. Had seven children,— five sons, and two daughters. liis .son ; 

Joiix 4 Holyokk, b. Aug. 27, 1743; in. Elizabeth Trent, as above. 


rington, — coming (here about 1777, — which was then a wilderness, from which Brewer 
was afterwards taken, and taking n|> two lots of land, each of one hundred acres, one 
above and one below where the Penobscot bridge now stands. Each lot was situated 
along the river 10 rods, and extended hack 400 rod--. Mr. Ilolyoke firs! built n log house 
on the hill on the upper lot. A frame house was erected about 1788, the first in town, on 
the lower lot, about twenty roils from the river, which in eourse of time has given place 
to another building, For many years after lie made his clearing, hundreds of Indians 
used to encamp in a body and build their wigwams near his dwelling. Though friendly, 
they were at. times rather disagreeable. Thcv would come into a house at any hour, day 
or night, even forcing the door it fastened, and help themselves to food, or lie on the 
floor before the fire, without the slightest regard to the trouble and inconvenience caused 
by their intrusion. It. was thought best to submit quietly to these rude ways, rather than 
to incur the risk of trouble. Mr. Ilolyoke was the first treasurer of Orrington in 17S8 ; se- 
lectman in 1791, and held other town offices, being held in the highest esteem by his 

To illustrate the difficulties of travelling in those days, 1 subjoin the following peti- 
tion of Mrs. Ilolyoke, which is to be. found in the Massachusetts Archives, 177 : 171. 

"Boston Oct. 7, 1780. 
"The petition of Elizabeth Holyoke Humbly she wet h that she was a native of this Town — 
but previous to the Commencement of Hostilities her husband & family moved to Penob- 
scot where they now are. — She sometime since Obtained Liberty to come up to Boston & see 
her friends — .and is now very anxious to Return to her Husband >V 4 young Children, 
having no other prospect of Conveyance than the present. She Humbly begs your Hon- 
ours to grant her permission to proceed in the vessel with Cap' Ingraham & the Gentle- 
men from ye CoUcdge — (at her own Expense) who are now bound near her Habitation. 

And your petitioner shall ever pray 
Elizabeth Ilolyoke. 
Granted Oct. 0, 1780." 
Children of John and Elizabeth Ilolyoke, the fust, two born in Boston, the others in 
Orrington, now Brewer, Me. : 

455. John, Ik March 10. 1770; 0. Oct. 3, 1831 ; in. Nov. 27, 1800, Miriam Tibbcts. 

4»C. Calkii JIockixs, b. March 0, ]77f>; d. ; m. .Margaret Neal. lie lived in 

Portsmouth, N. II. 
■157. Polly, b. May 13, !777; it. Oct. 7, 1849 ; m., 1st, May 24, 170C, Capt. Charles Burr, of 
Brewer, who ri. Aug. 7, 1820; 2d, , 18:25, George Wiswcll, of Brewer. See Ban- 
gor Hist. Mag., Vol. 3, No. 5, p. 87, for runner information. 
45S. Edwakd, b March 27, 1770; d. about 1804, aged 25, by drowning. 

45U. Eliza, b. March 7,1781; d. ; m. , as her second husband, Kichard Hoben, 

of Irish descent, from Frankfort Marsh, who settled in Orrington. For his first wife 

he in. Veazie. 

4.00. Jacob, u. March 27, 17S3; d. May 2, 18C5; m., 1st (pub. Sept. 30, 1809), Martha Brewer ; 

2d, , Anna Tread well; 3d, , Sally Hopkins. 

4G1. Sally Skinnkk, b. April 30, 1785; d. ; in. (pub. July 15, 1813), Samuel E. Fields. 

4G2. William, u. April 20, I7S7 ; d. ; m, , Lucy Greenleaf. 

4G:i. Koukrt Thkat, b. April 20, 1789; d. iii infancy. 
■104: RlCIIAlU), b. Oct. 5, 1791 ; d. . 

129 Major Robert 5 Treat {Joseph* Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard*), born July 14, 
1752, in Boston; died May 27, 182-1, iu Bangor, Me. ; married, first, Nov. 28, 1771, M.YUY 


PAnTKinGE, barn May 5, 1757, in Haverhill, died .Time 10, 1800, in Bangor, aged forty- 
four; second, Feb. 28, 1804, in Haverhill, Maio Gale, born Dec. 23, 1772, died Feb. 20, 
1842, in lloulton, Mr., and daughter of Moses Gale, a promiuenl merchant and leather deal- 
er of HaYcrhill. Mr. Galedied June 20,1827; married Oct. 12,1709, Mary Appleton, who 
died March 29, 1830. (See Gale Genealogy.) In 1709, when seventeen years old, Robert 
Treat is said to have left Boston, and joined his brother Joshua Treat, who was armorer 
at Fort Pownall on the banks of the Penobscot. He worked at his trade of gunsmith for 
some live years, till his removal to Bangor, about the year 1774, — the precise time is not 
now known. It is very probable that a portion of the time was employed in other pur- 
suits, such as exploring the country, hunting, and surveying, but of this little can now 
be said. According to the muster rolls, there was a Kobert Treat at the Fort from Jan. 
20, 1704 to June 2, 17GG, but he was perhaps another Robert Treat, formerly a merchant 
at Boston, son of Samuel Treat of Truro, Mass., and a cousin of Major Robert Treat. 

Mr. Treat was appointed agent for the proprietors of Oriand to run out lots to the 
settlers at the Upper halls, about two miles above the present village, and the same year, 
1774, began to build the first saw mill there, but probably did not finish it. Perhaps it 
was about this time that he moved to the Palls at the head of tide water on the Penobscot, 
afterwards called Treat's Falls, in his honor, where the city of Bangor now stands. James 
Ginu moved from Brewer and carried on the mill till 1 7'J7, when Mr. Treat sold it to John 
Lee of Castine. 

The name Penobscot was given in early times to any unincorporated place on the fiver 
of that name. The first settlers of Bangor, who began to arrive as early as 1701), were 
squatters. The State of Massachusetts owned the township, but made a compromise 
wilh the Waldo proprietors, which gave each actual settler previous to Feb. 17, 170s, 100 
acres. A petition to the General Court, for a settlement of the matter, is dated Bangor 
Nov. 23, 1795, and the name of Robert Treat heads the list. March 5, 1801, a resolve 
was passed giving each actual settler since Jan. 1, 1784, and previous to Feb. 17, 1798, 
100 acres of land on payment of S100, and all settlers previous to 17S4, were entitled to 
100 acres by paying the treasurer of the commonwealth 88.75. Mr. Treat received a 
great many lots by assignment. 

The city of Bangor was originally called Bagaduce, or Kenduskeeg, sometimes spelled 
Coudeskeeg, Plantation. Sept. 11, 1787, Robert Treat and eighteen others presented a 
petition to the General Court of Mass., requesting them to incorporate the township, 
which then consisted of about forty families, into a town by the name of Sunbury, but, SO 
far as it appears, without result; yet the settlers seem to have regarded themselves as be- 
longingto a town organization. March 3, 1788, Robert Treat was chosen moderator of the 
town of Sunbury; Oct 6, 1788, he was chosen collector; March 2, 1789, he was chosen 
moderator, and again, June 30, 1789, ata meeting held at his house. June 27, 1790, another 
petition was presented to the com t requesting to be incorporated under the name of Bangor, 
by Rev. Seth Noble, who has the credit, whether justly or not, of having the name changed 
from Sunbury to Bangor, which was the name of an old Psalm tune, a great favorite with 
him. The petition was granted Feb. 25, 1791, and the inhabitants were notified to meet 
at the house of Major Robert Treat, March 22, 1792, to choose officers. It is not known 
when the organization of the town of Bangor actually took place, as its first extant record 
is dated April 4, 1790. 

Upon his settlement in Bangor, Mr. Treat built his cabin at the fool of Newbury St., 
and soon after Occupied the firs! frame house built in that township, for Jcdcdiali Preble 
before the revolution. lie built mills near the Red Bridge, and kept the post-olliec. It 


is said by some that he was the first trader in Bangor. Ho kept a store and carried ou 
an extensive trade in furs with the Indians, whose language he understood, and became 
very wealthy. In 1791, he built a ship, just below IVujejawoek stream, the first vessel 
larger than a boat evei built in Bangor, or perhaps above Fort Point. Itrequired two 
years to build it. "Was also engaged in the lumber business. Had a lumber yard and 
wharf in Boston, where he frequently visited, though he probably did not reside there. 
According to the directory, his placi of business was on Lynn, afterwards Commercial 
street, in 1796. Jn 1800, he was at Treat's wharf, which was on the cast side of Ann 
street, near Proctor's Lane. There was a large lire on this wharf May 17,1775, when 
Boston was occupied by the British, commencing in a barrack where soldiers were quar- 
tered, which burnt twenty-seven stores, one shop, and four sheds. 

In 179S, lie was taxed on one wharf and two wooden stoves thereon. One store, three 
stories 18x70; one of two stories, lGxGO ; wharf contained 3420 sq. ft., value $1800, 
bounded north on town slip. A house of brick and wood, fronting on Fish street, 1,1 10 
square feet, two stories, eighteen windows, value $2,000. land contained 1,380 square 
feet. An adjoining house, 972 square feet, three stories, twenty-six windows, value 
$2,000, land containing 1,110 square feet. A house adjoining, bounded southeast on 
Trent's wharf, and fronting on an alley, land 1,110 square feet, house GOO square feet, 
fifteen windows, value $900. 

Mr. Treat was see, nut lieutenant in the second company, Penobscot Regiment, Colonel 
Jonah Brewer, July 20, 177C. A petition of the inhabitants of Penobscot river was pre- 
sented to the General Court, dated Penobscot, Nov. 5, 1777. They had been embodied 
in a regiment whereof Jonah Brewer was colonel, without their knowledge or consent. 
They regarded one regiment as sufficient considering the sparseuess of the population, 
and wished to be returned to and incorporated in the ancient regiment under Col. Jona- 
than Buck. In 17S5, he was chosen major of the first regiment, in the second brigade, 
of the. eighth division of Mass. militia, of which John Brewer was colonel. Held the 
office in 1806. 

A treaty had been made with the Tarratine Indians Oct. 11, 1776, by the commissioners 
appointed by the government, but the matter had been left incomplete. In 1788, Mas- 
sachusetts sent an agent to confer with them in order to complete the treaty. June 17, 
1788, the commissioner, Rev. David Little, arrived in Sunbury, now Bangor, and the 
Indians were notified through Mr. Treat, actiug as interpreter, to meet him at Old Town. 
for the purpose of confirming the treat v, on the twentieth of the month. This conference 
was held, though the results were hardly satisfactory to the government. Religious ser- 
vices were held a1 the house of Mr. 'treat on the following .Sunday. 

lie was one of the corporators of tin- Penobscot Bank of Buckstown, now Bucksport, 
incorporated March 11, 1806, which commenced business in June following. This was 
the sixth bank in the State of Maine, and the fust cast of the Kennebec. 

Major 'treat owned no less than fifteen large tract-' of land bordering on the Penobscot. 
Ai one time he resided on the '-Rose Place," which was. overflowed in the great- flood of 
1846, anil so greatly damaged that it was necessary to remove the buildings. This loca- 
tion has since become the site of the Bangor water works, lie lived his final abode on 
Mt. Hope, situated upon a considerable bend of the river, from which a delightful view 
of the Penobscot could be gained. Mr. Treat was an eminently social person, and by 
nature a perfect gentleman. He was also very plain spoken, and always said- just what 
he meant. There was no chance to misunderstand him in that respect. His many acts 

238 ROBERT treat: fifth generation. 

of kindness and assistance, rendered to his relations, are remembered to this day. He 
was buried in Mount Hope cemetery. 
Autograph, Nov. 0, J 777 : 


Children born iu Bangor, by his first marriage: 
465. JosKrn,' b. Dec. 8, 177.".; d. Feb. 27, 1*853; mini. 
■ir;t;. Joiix, b. Feb. J, 1777 ; d. Nov. 8, 1777. 
4(17. Uokkht, b. Aug. 1. 177H; (1. Oct. 10, 170S. He was wrecked and lost on House Island, 

during a thick and cold storm while on liis way to Koston. 
468. John ]'u;tiiipi;i;, b. July 21, 1783; d. Sept. 18, 1857; m., 1st, Fcl). 21, 1st::, Rosanua L. 
Duggans; 2d, Feb. 7, 1845, Mrs. Lucy (Hailey) Winslow. 
4G0. Poi.t.y, b. Oct 1, 17S5; d. Sept. is, 1702, 

470. Joshua, 1). Aug. G, 1787; d. Sept. 1, IS21. He was paroled after the battle of Hampden, 

■u liich occurred Si pt. ."., 1814. 

471. Butty, b. June 24, 1701 ; d. Nov. 25, 1701. 

472. K\mi ki , 1). Jinn 28, 1705; d. July 0, 1705. 

47S. Koiiiiin I-Ikxky, 1). .May 28, 170S; d. June 12, 184.°,, at Enfield, Me. ; uinn. 

1S\ his second marriage ; 

474. Nathaniel Galtc, b. March 13, 1807; d. Nov. 25, 1880; in. May 22, 1842, l.uey Josephine 


475. Maijy Hannah, b. April 23, 1800; d. March 20, 1844; in. (pub. Sept. S, 1827) Zcbediah 

47(1. RuKA.nv.TU Holyokb, b. Jan. 19, 1813; d. April 2, 1SC0; in. Oct. 7, 1847, Nathan Jewell. 
No issue. 

13i Hannah 5 Treat {John,* Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ) , born March 4, 1718-9, 

in Truro, Mass. ; died , in Georgetown, Me.; married, June 2S, 1739, 

I-Iolhkook, of TVellfleet, Mass., born Sept. 16, 1719, died — . He removed, about 

1760, to Georgetown, Me., Lhat part since called Bath. 

Children of Abiezer and Hannah Holbrook, the first live burn in Wellflcet, the others 
in Gcoi'getown : 

477. Ajhkzi-.i;, 6 b. Aug. 20, 1741 ; d. ■ , 17S0,in Si Pierre; m. Jan. 14,1702, Elizabeth Snow, 

of Brunswick, Me. 

478. Jkssk, 1). July 24, 1.713; d. Sept. 21, 1701 ; m. Nov. 20, 1703, Ruth Dyer. 

479. Jonathan, b. July 21, 1745; d. ; m. Maj 23, 1772, Rebecca Vca/.ie. 

480. Klizaiicth, b. Oct 14, 174S; d. ; in. , Samuel Rage. Had ten children. 

481. Lucv, b. Dec. 4, 1750; d. , in Islesboio, Me.; in. , Samuel Veazic. 

482. Hannah, b. May 1. 1754; d. ; in. , Peter Jordan. 

483. Mautiia, b. Aug. 25, 175G; d. ; m. , Charles Cowing. 

132 Abigail'' Treat {John,* Samuel 3 Robert" Rk/tunV), born March 14, 1721, 

in Truro, Mass.; died ; married Oct. 13, 1718. as his second wife, Jonathan 

IIaiuhng, of Truro, yeoman, who died about I7.">2. For his (Irs I wile lie married , 

Huldah , who died April 27, 1748, aged thirty-six. Tliey both owned the covenant, 

May 13", 1739, and had five children,— Hannah, 1'riscilla, llul.lah, Martha andJonathan, 
born and baptized in Truro. Widow Abigail was appointed administratrix of the estate, 
Oct. 17, 1752. The inventory is dated .Nov. 7, 175:', and amounted to £255 16s. Gd. 


Children of Jonathan and Abigail Haixling, bora and baptized in Truro: 

484. RisuiiEX.'b. Nov. 4, 1750; bapt. Bee. JO, 1750. 

485. Abigail, b. Dec 29, 1752 ; Jan. 2G, 1753. 

133 Elizabeth 5 Treat (John, 4 Samuel* Robert * Richard 1 ) , born May 10, 1723, 

iu Truro, Mass.; died , 1 803 ; married Nov. 2G, 17 17, Richaud Coins, born Feb. 28, 

1721-2, died Jan. 7, 1809, iu his eighty-seventh year, and son of Thomas and Mercy 
Cobb. Ik- and his wife owned the covenant, Jan. 13, 1754, and Mr. Damon, his pastor 
spoke of him as "a man of a serious and, exemplary life and conversation." lie resided 
in Truro. 

Children of Richard and Elizabeth Cobb, born and baptized in Truro: 

430. ,Tonx,« b. July II, 174?; bapt. Aug. 13. 1753. 

487. Umzaiskth, i twins, b. March 2fi, 1753; J 

488. Mahtiia, J bapt. Aug. 30, 1753; 1<1 ; m. An:?. 24, 1773, Samuel llidi-r. 

489. Sabah, b. March G, 17."jj; bapt. Nov. 30, 1755; d. ; in. Aug. 24, 177.'!, Joseph Snow. 

134 Rachel 5 Treat (John, 4 Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard*), born Nov. 5, 17-25, iu 
Truro, Mas,s. ; died Dec. 23, 1809 (gravestone, South Truro); married, first, March 10, 
1747-8, as his second wife, Thomas RIulfoko, of Truro, born Oct. 20, 1703, in Enstham, 
died April 27, 1749. in his forty-sixth, year (gravestone, North Truro), and son of Deacon 
Thomas and Mary (Basset) Mulfo'.'d, who were married Oct. 28, 1G90 ; the former dying 
Sept. 14, 1717, in his eighty- second year, and his wife, dan. 22, 17-11-2, in her seventy- 
sixth year Both are buried in North Truro. Mr. Mullord was a very prominent man in 

Truro and quite wealthy. For his first wife lie married , Mary Smith, daughter of 

Capt. Samuel Smith, who died Oct. 16, 1717, in her thirty-second year (gravestone, North 

Truro). She married, second, March 19,1750-1, Joseph Com;, burn , 1726, died 

July 21, 1807, in his eighty-second year (gravestone, South Truro), and son of Thomas 
and Mercy Cobb. His brother Richard married a sister of his wife. In 1765, Mr. Cobb 
bought pew numbei 2, on the 'of. side of the front door, in the new meeting house, Truro. 
Barnabas Paine and widow Rachel Mulford were appointed administrators of Mr. Mulford's 
estate, May 23, 1749. Mr. Cobb's will is dated April 7, 1S07 ; probated Oct. 15, 1807 ; 
inventory, real estate and persona!, 85,582.35. He is styled yeoman. Mentions wife Ra- 
chel; children Mulford, Richard, Sarah, wife of Treat Collins, Fanny Lombard, deceased, 
and her children. The name of Fanny does not appear among the children in the town 
or church records. Son Mulford Cobb executor. By her first husband she had no chil- 
dren so far as known. 

Children of Joseph and Rachel Cobb, born and baptized in Truro: 

400. Jam: Sakaii," b. Feb. 15, 175'.'-:;; bapt. June 17, 17.".;'.; il. ; in. April 9, 1.774, 'treat 

Collins. (See 4IO. ) 
401. ,l(i"i '.'il. b. Oct. 23, 1754 : bapt. Jane 19, 17."..",. 

492. TaJiskx, b. Jan. 31, 1757; bapt. April 24, 1757. 

493. Fkekmax, 1>. Jan. 1(1, 1730; bapt. April 22, 1750. 

494. Mui pokd, I). March 25, 17G1 ; bapt.. May 81, 17G1 ; (1. ; in. Oct. 28, 17S|. Mary Wiley, 

of Wdlilcet. 
•405. Richard, b. Dec. 11, 17G3; bapt. May 27, 17G4; cl. July 10, 1815, aged S3 (g. s.. South Truro). 

137 Martha 5 Treat {John 4 Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard*), horn March 27, 1733, in 
Welhlectj died Dec. 27, 1770, in her Iiiirty-cighth year (gravestone, Wcllileel) ; married 

210 ROBERT treat: fifth generation. 

.Inn. 25, 17.V2-0, as his first wife, Deacon William 5 Chipman, 1 of Wellfieet, born May 6, 
1731, in Sandwich, died March 18, 1795, in his sixty-fourth year (gravestone, Wellfieet), 
and so)i of Ebenezer and Mary (Adams) Chiptnan. He was left an orphan at an early 
age, and learned the carpenter's trade, and also navigation. In 1758, he was a private 
in Capt. Samuel Knovvles' Co., and in .1771, an ensign in Cant. Elisha Cobb's Co., "2d 
Barnstable regiment. In 1774, was second lieutenant in the Wellfieet Co. lie was deacon 
of the church at Wellfieet. For his second wife he married March 3, 1772, Betty Mayo, 
who died Oct. 7, 1808, aged sixty-eight (gravestone, Wellflect). She was appointed to ad- 
minister his estate, April 8, 17D5. The inventory amounted to £453 JCs. Sd. 
Children of Deacon William and Martha Chipman, born in Wellfieet: 

40R. Meuct, c h. March 30, 1754 : (1. in infancy. 

4:>7. Mkkcy, ))- Sept. 1, 1750; d. ; in. , Isaac Pepper, of Harwich. 

498. Maky, b. ; il. ; in. Oct. 22, 177:', John Rich, Her name is called Mercy in 

the town records, but Mary in the settlement of the estate. 
4.03. William, b. Dee. 23, 1707; cl. Jan. 1, 1800; m. Feb. 20, 1792. Oorcas Cobl). 
500. Je-iiN, 1). July 17, 17G0; d. ; m. Sept. 23, 1795, Elizabeth Atwood. 

Children by Ins second wife: 

1. Samuel Mayo Chipman, b. July 28, 1773; cl. March 4, 1855; m. Dec. 7, 17:17, Uebcccii At- 

woocl, Who d. May 21, 1S57, aged 82. 

2. David Chipman, b. Mel. 20, 1770; d. ; m. Nov. 3D, ISO", Bathsheba Atwoocl, of Prov- 


3. Martha Chipman, b. Dec. 20, 177S; cl. ; in. Nov. 22, 1790, Moses Ilinklcy, of Well- 


4. Ebenezer Chipman, b. June 30. 1781 ; cl. May 16, 1835; m. .May 2-1, 1S07, Tatty Atwoocl Ilk- 


139 Samuel 5 Treat (Nathaniel,* Samuel* Robert, 2 RichanV), born about 1720, 
in Truro, Mass.; died Nov. 1, 1805, in his eighty-sixth year, in Truro; married May 7, 
17-1), Sakaii Rich, born Nov. 2G, 1715, died Nov. 23, 1739, aged seventy-four, and daugh- 
ter of Samuel Rich, who was a brother of Deacon John Rich of Wellfieet. Mr. Treat 

'John 1 Chipman was of BrinsiUtsu, about live miles from Dorchester, in Dorsetshire, England. 
His son: 

Elder Jon\ ,! Chipman, b, . IG15 (as he said in 1G52, that lie was 37 years old), in England ; cl. 

April 7, 1708, aged 93, in Sandwich, Mass.; in., 1st, , 1G4G, Hope tfotoZniuZ, who cl. Jan 8, 1(183-4, 

aged 54 ; 2d, , 1684, Mrs. ltuth Bourne, who d. Oct. 1. 1713, aged 7 Land widow of Richard Bourne 

of Sandwich. lie was In Boston in 1G31 ; in Yarmouth in 1049; ordained ruling elder in Barnsta- 
ble, April 14, IG70; moved to Sandwich, and was admitted townsman in 1G79, where he was live 
years a deputy to the General Court. He was a carpenter by trade. Had ten children by his first 
Wife. His son : 

John 3 CmraiAN, b. March 3, 1070-1 ; d. Jan. 4, 17-ifi; in., 1st, , IC91, Mary Skiff, b. Nov. 13, 

1671, d. March 12, 1711, and dau. of Capt. Stephen and Lydia Skill, of Sandwich; :'<\, Jan. 2D, 171G, 

Widow Elizabeth Itusscll, of Boston, dan. of Capt. James Handley; 3d, . 172.".. Hannah 

Hotkey or Hoxil, of Miotic Island, who d. June 25, 172.".. He was admitted a townsman, Oct. S, 
1 00 1 ; was a representative, magistrate, and an officer in the militia. Was a shoemaker by trade. 
Had twelve children, — seven sons and live daughters. His sixth son. 

Eiu:ni ■/' Cmi'MAN, b. Nov. 13, 1709, in Sandwich; bapt. May 18, 1 7 1 fi : d, about 1745; m. Dec 
3, 1730, Mary Adams, of Dartmouth. For her see.. ml husband, she m. (pub. July 10, 17-17, in East- 
ham), Herd, of Harwich. He lived in Dartmouth, Sandwich, Barnstable, and Easlhiim. 
Had six children, all sons. His eldest son: 

William 5 Chu-man. b. May G, 1731 ; in Xdurthu Treat, as above. 


was baptized and admitted to the church at Truro, Aug. 15, 1 7-1 ^f ; his wife was admitted 
to full communion Oct. 2, 1768 

Children, horn and baptized in Truro: 

501. .Mn.F i, e l>. March 11, 1741-2; bapt. Aug. 15, 1742; tl. ; m. March 22, 1704, in 

Wellfleet, Hannah Doakes, who was admitted to communion at Truro, March 20, 177-1. 
She was at that time a widow. Can Unci no trace of him. 

502. Maiiy, b. ; bapt. May 13, 17-11 ; d, . 

503. Samuisl, 1). .Tunc 18, 1745; bapt. Aug. 25, 1745; d. Nov. 22, 1820; in. Feb. 0, 1772, Eliza- 

beth Lombard. 

504. Natiiaxiei., b. Dec. 15, 1717; bapt. April 8, 1718; d. April 13, 1824; in. April 13, 1772., 

Anna Rich. 

505. Sarah, b. May 2, 1750; bapt. June 10, 1750; d. . 

506. Ann. b. ; bapt. Feb. 18, 1753; d. . 

507. Wiii.iam, b. ; bapt. Oct. 3, 175(5 ; d. . He Mas a Revolutionary soldier. 

Served in Col. John Cushing's Reg't, al Newport, R. I., from Sept. 25, 1776, for 50 days; 
in Capt. Benj. Godfrey's Co., Col Josiah Whitney's Reg't, for two months service in 
Rhode Island, from May 10, to July 10, 1777. Was in service this time 2 mos. 14 das. 

142 Mary'' Treat (Nathaniel, 4 Samuel , 3 Robert? Richard?), born , in Truro, 

Mass., probably; d. ; married Oct. 16, 1749, Joseph Waud, of Eastham, Mass., 

born Oct. 8, 1725, and sou of George and Rebecca (Newcomb) Ward, who settled in the 
northern part of Eastham, now called Wellfleet, about 1700, married Rebecca Newcomb, 
March 26, 1711, and is believed to be the ancestor of all the Wards of that part of the 
Cape. Joseph Ward was chosen one of the school committee for (he southern district of 
Wellfleet in 17G1. In 1777, and 1778, he was one of the Committee of Correspondence 
and Safety for that town. In 1778, he was elected to take care of Indian lands. Was 
appointed executor of his brother George Ward's estate, ]>ce. 4, 1776, and rendered an 
account Oct. 11, 1781. There was a Joseph Ward, jr., in Wellfleet in 177S, who was a 
son, I think, by a previous marriage. A Joseph Ward married (published Sept. 16, 1775), 
Martha Smith. A widow Martha Ward married Dee. 23, 1790, Samuel Smith. A Joseph 
Ward died May 14, 1802, in Wellfleet. 

Children of Joseph and Mary Ward, born in Eastham: 

500. JoiiN,' J b. March IS, 1750. 

510. WlLT.TAM, b. Jan. 16, 1752. 

511. David, b. June 1, 1754. 

512. Kl.wiiA, 1). Oct. 20, 175U; d. ; m. Dee. — , 1778, Thankful Smith. 

513. Kzi'Kim.,1). June 22, 17.MK 

514. P.ANii'i., b. Sept. 21, 1701. 

143 Anna 5 Treat (Nathaniel,* Samuel,* Robert," Richard 1 ), born , probably 

in Truro, Mass. ; died about 1769, in Wellfleet, Mass. ; married Dee. 28, 1751, Thomas 
Higoiks, 3d, of Eastham, now Wellfleet, who died Oct. 31, 1809, in Jus eightieth year 
(gravestone, Wellfleet) ; he married June 19, 1777, Ruth Rich of Truro, for his second 
wife, but had no children. 

Only child of Thomas and Anna Iliggins, 3d, born in Wellfleet: 

515. Tuom u?, e h. Feb. is, I7( ; (i, according to town record, or July 0, 1701, according to family 
record; d. Dec. 20, 1842; in. Jan. 20, 1702, Martha Swell. 

144 Abigail 5 Paine (Eunice 4 Treat, Samuel* Robert, 2 Richard 1 ), bom March G, 
1725, in Weymouth, Mass.; died Jan. 15, 1809; married Oct. 17, 1719, Joseph 5 


Grkknleav, 1 bom Nov. 10, 1720; died Oct. 28, 1810, in Boston, aged ninety, and buried 
in the Granary bury iug ground, mid son of William and Mary (Sliattuck) Greenleaf. Some 
time after his marriage lie removed to Abington, .Muss., and was appointed justice of the 
peace for Plymouth county, Feb. 0, 17G5. Lie was u popular writer and an ardent pa- 
triot, and was the author of the "Noble Resolves, " passed at a town meeting at Abing- 
ton, March 10, 1770, which, reflected great credit on him (sec Hobart's History or Abington, 
p. 209-27;;). lit- resided in Abington for many years, near where the present town house 
stands. In 1771, he moved to Boston, and frequently wrote for the Massachusetts Spy, 
printed by Isaiah Thomas. Nov. 11, 1771, lie wrote an article under the signature of 
Mucins Scaevola, which caused much excitement among the authorities. As they could 
obtain no satisfaction from Thomas, they summoned Greenleaf, Nov. 16, 1771, to appear 
before the governor and council, lie refused to obey the summons and was deprived of 
his commission of justice of the peace, Dee. 10, 1771. In 1773 he opened a printing of- 
fice on Hanover street, where he printed several pamphlets and books. In August, 1774, 
lie undertook the publishing of the Royal American Magazine, begun by Mr. Thomas, 
but the breaking out of the Revolution obliged him to close his business. He had but 
little property, and went into the printing business when old, as a means of support. His 
son Thomas, who hud learned the art, managed his father's business. See Thomas' His- 
tory of Printing, printed in the Transactions of the American Antiquarian Society, vols. 
5 and C. Was justice of the peace in 179G. His will is dated Sept.. 15, 1809; probated 
Dee, 10, 1810. Mentions children, Katherine Rhoads, Mary Thwing; grandchildren, 
Joseph Greenleaf Weld, Thomas Weld, Win. II. Prentiss ; and the two children of son 
Thomas Greenleaf, deceased. 

According to the Boston town records he was a very prominent man and filled numer- 
ous positions. Nov. 2, 1772, lie was chosen one of a committee of twenty-one "of Cor- 
respondence to state the Rights of the Colonists & of this Province in Particular," etc. ; 
March 9, 177d, one of a committee of live u to consider what is proper to be done to viu 
dicate the Town from the gross misrepresentations & groundless charges in his Excel- 
lency's Messages to both Houses;" May 5, 177o, Sept. 25, 1771, and May 23, 177(1, one 
of a committee of live " to prepare Instructions for om Representatives in General 

'Ewirxu' Ghhenmaf, b. about 1590, in England; d. about 1071; in., 1st, , Sarah Dole, who 

it. Jan. 18, lGfi3, in Boston; 2d, , Sarah Hill, widow, first of Wilson, second of Wil- 
liam Hill, o£ Fairfield, Conn. She d. in Boston, in IC71. He came to New England in 1035, and 
settled in Newbury, Mass., whore lie was a freeman M;ircli 13, 1CS0, and in. .vet to Boston after 
lidT. Hi- will was proved Feb. 12, 1071, in which year lie is supposed to have died, He was by 
occupation a silk-dyer. Had nine children, born in Ipswich, ling. — six sons ami three daughters. 
His son. 

Kxocn* Gicrkklraf, b. about 1017, or 1G18, in Ipswich, Eng.; d. ■ (alive 1G83) ; in. , 

Mary . Probably he came to New England with his father in 1G35, and was In Maiden, 

Mass., in 1GR3, but soon after moved to lioston. Was a dyer. Had four children —two sons and 
two daughters. His son : 

ICsocir' (iur.r.xi.i'.Ai-, I). , 1G47; d Sept. 8, 170."., in Boston; m., 1st, Oct. 20, 1G75, Brthiah 

Woodman ; 2d, Aug. 2D, 1G79, Catherine Trucsdale, who d. Aug. — , 1712, aged 59, in Cambridge, 
Mass. Had ten children— five sons and five daughters, His son:' Gki'1'.m.i:u-\ b. Feb. :,, 1G93 ; d. Sept. 20, 1750; in, 1st, June 10, 1711, Mary Shnltvclc, 
who.d. Aug. 18, 17::?; 2d, March — , 1733, TiiUh Itiujijles. Was a halter, andhad fourteen children 
— seven sons ami seven daughters. His sou: 

Josij'ir fJunnxi.KAK, b. Nor, io, 1720; in. Abltjail VaUit, as above. Sec N. E. Hist, and Oeneal. 
Heg., Vol. 10, p. '.'">; Vol. 38, p. 21)9-301 ; Genealogy of the Greenleaf Family, by Jonathan Green- 
leaf, N. Y., 1854. This book, however, contains many errors. 


Assembly" — a "Draught" of the latter instructions, read on the 30th of May, 1773, at a 
town meeting, may be seen in the rcporl of the Record Commissioners, pp 236-238, vol. 
18, which contains such expressions as these, "the whole United Colonics arc upon the 

Verge of a glorious Revolution Loyalty to him [the King] is vow Treason 

to our Country ;" — lulv 2G, 1774, one of a committee of four to draw up :i "Letter to Ik: 
sent to other Towns, relative to the Two Bills for altering the Constitution of this Prov- 
ince ;" Dec. 7, 1771 , member of ''a Coin mi I tee of Inspection," and one of ii commit tee of 
seven to prepare a report on a "Vole of Thanks of the Town of Boston," etc.; May ">(), 
177(i, he was excused from "Serving on the iCommittee of Correspondence Safety & In- 
spection for Reasons by him offered," and the next day 101 lis ( iray was chosen in his place ; 
Aug. 27, 1770, one of a committee of seven "to determine upon some Method to have the 
Inhabitants provided with Anns;" Sept. 10, 177G, one of a committee of three to "draw 
up the Reasons the Town had for Voting as they had done;" Nov. S, 1770, one of a com- 
mittee of sixty — live from each ward — to collect "an Account of the Damages .sustained 
since the Boston Port Bill;" Feb. 11, 178(3, one of a committee of seven to "obtain a 
Supply of Provisions for the Inhabitants of this Town." 

Children of Joseph and Abigail Greenlcaf, born in Huston and Abiugtou, two of whom 
were baptized, in Brattle street Church: 

SIC. AuiGAiL, 6 b. , 1750; (I. young. 

517. Abigail, h. Feb. 27, IT.".::; bapt. March ■!, 1753; d. July 3, 1788; in. (nub. July 31, 1779), 
Rev. Ezra Weld. 
618. ,losi;ei', h. May !M, 1754; .!. Nov — , 1771, aged IS, ill Boston. 

519. Tuostvs, b. •, 1755; bupt. July 20, 1.755; d. ■ , 1708; m. Oct. 13, 1701, Anna Quack- 


520. Maicy, I). , 1757; d. , 1804; m. Aug. II, 1791, Nathaniel Thwing, n merchant of 

Boston, as his second wife. No issue. 

621. Catukuink, b. .Tunc 11, 1700; d. ; m. (pub. Dee. 13, 17*0), Dr. Joseph Wanton 

Rhodes. Had two sons ami three daughters. Dan.: Ahfr/a'V Jllirtlis was bapt. .Tune 

23, 1782, at the First Church, Bos! An Abigail Greenlcaf Rlioads m. Nov. 20, 17!)!), 

ljciij. Greenlcaf, in Dorchester. 
522. Eoxiob Taini , b. Aug. 7, 1.7G2; d. April II, IS03; ni. May 15, 1700, William Prentiss. 

147 Robert Treat"' Paine (Eunice 4 Treat. Samuel,* Robert* RicJumV), born 
March 12, 1730-1, in Boston; died .May 11, 1814, aged eighty-four, in Boston, and 

buried in the ' Iranary burying ground ; married , 1 770, Sally Conn, who died June G, 

1816, aged seventy-six, and daughter of Thomas and Lydia (Leonard) Cobb, of Taunton. 
Mass. Mr. Paine studied at the Boston Latin school. In 17-15 he entered Harvard College, 
and graduated in 17-1!). After teaching school for a year, he next made three voyages to 
North Carolina, acting as mister. lie subsequently sailed to Fayal, Cadiz, and to 
Greenland, on a whaling voyage, in the same capacity. In 1755 he read law in Lancas- 
ter with Judge "VnUard, a relative, and at the same time preached in Shirley, lie was 
appointed chapln in of Col. Willard's regiment, which was sent to Crown Point. Was in 
camp at Lake George about three months. Maps and plans drawn there by him are still 
preserved, in 17.'>7 he was admitted to the bar, and removed to Taunton in 1761. After 
the Boston massacre. March 5, 1770, lie was retained by the town to prosecute Capt. 
Preston, lie espoused the popular cause, and in 177-'! was a representative from Taun- 
ton. In 177 1 lu was on.- of the deputies to the lirst congress; in the winter am! spring 
of 1775 he attended the provincial congress at Cambridge, and in May the congress at 
Philadelphia; July 4, 1776, he signed tli- Declaration of Independence; was elected to 
congress in 1777 and 177s, but did not attend; in 17*1 removed to Boston, and pur- 



chased the former residence of Gov. Shirley, corner of Milk and Federal streets, n bricl 
and wooden building, three stories, fifty windows, the 1"! containing 18,47G square feel 
was attorney general from 1777 '.m ; in 1790 was made judge of the supreme court, whirl 
position he resigned in 1804. Sec Hopkins' Ministry of Taunton, pp. 300-16, vol. '2. 


Children, the tirst six born iu Tnnnton, the others in Boston : 

523. LtoiiRiti Theat, b. , 1770; d July 30, 179S, in Boston, of yellow feve; ; mini. lie 

graduated at Harvard in 1781). In the Harvard Triennial catalogue ho is called plain 
Robert Paine. His younger brother, Thomas, assumed his name in 1801, after his 
death, and is called, though improperly, Robert Treat Paine, in the catalogue in 17'.''-', 
;ts lie did not legally bear that name till some nine years alter. 

524. Sally, b. , 1772; d. Jan- 2G, 1823; mini. 

525. Thomas, b. Dec. 9, 177:'; d. Nov. 13, 1811, aged 37, in Boston; m. Feb. 22, 1795, Eliza- 

beth Baker, who died, . lie graduated at Harvard in 1792. In 1801 he had 

his inline changed by act of legislature to Robert Treat Paiuo, not wishing to bear 
the same name as Thomas Patuo, the infidel, lie was a brilliant man and a poet, of 
much note in his time. See his works in verse and prose, Boston, 1S1L'; and the Hun- 
dred Boston Orators, pp. 2S3-S7. Children born in Boston: 

1. Klizabeth Cobb' Paine, b. Aug. !), 1796;d. ; ra. June 10, 1822, Lieut. Nathan- 

iel Applcton 8 Prentiss. See Prentiss Genealogy. 

2. Mary Ann Smith Paine, b. . 1799; d. Nov. 1802, aged 3y. 8m. 

3. Robert Treat Paine, b. , 1801 ; d. No\ . J'-', IS02, aged ly. 2m. 

1. Robert Treat Paine, b. Oct. 12, 1K03; d. June :;, 1883, in Brookliue, Mass.; m. 
, iVnn Stevens, lie graduated at Harvard in 1822. Was devoted to astron- 
omy, and left a large sum of money to Harvard university in the interest of that 

5. James Henry Paine, b. Aug. 10, 1805; d. Dee. 23, 1885, in New York; unm. Was 
B man of marked ability, but very eccentric, and left a fortune. 

526. Cjcaulks, b. Aug. 30, 177.'.: d. lei, 15, 1810; m. May 21, 1799, Rally Sumner Gushing, b. 

Nov. 21, 1777; d. Jan. 26, is:'."., and dan. of Brig. Gen. Charles dishing, clerk of the 
Suffolk courts. He graduated at Harvard in 1793. Was a lawyer. See the Hundred 
Boston Orators, pp. 310-11. Children bom in Boston: 

1. Helen Maria' Paine, b. April 9, 1800; m. Sept 30, 1«23, George B. Cary. 

2. Sarali Gushing Paine, b. June 18, 1802; d. July's, 1S4S; in. Sept. 30, 1823, William 

('. Alwin. 

8. Harriet Augusta Paine, b, Feb. 16, 1801; d. Oct. 18, 1820; unm. 

i. Charles Cnshiug Paine, b. July 11, 1S08: d. Jan. •!. 1*74 ; m. Oct. 'in. 1832, Frances 
Cabot Jackson, dan. of lion. Charles Jackson. Robert Treat" Paine, a prominent 
lawyer in Huston, is his son Resides in Walrham. Mass. 

527. Henry, b. Oct.. 20, 1777; d. June 8, 1814; m. Jan. 25, 1805, Olive Lyman, Mho d. Aug. 18, 

1811, and dan. of Theodore l..\ man. He was educated as n merchant. Left one dan. : 

1. Lney l,\ man' I'ainr. b. — ; d. ; 111. April 2, 1828, as his first wife, Russell 

Sturgis, b. July 7, 1805,11] Boston, d. N T ov. 2, 18S7, in Leatherhead, Kng., and 
son of Nathaniel and Susan { Park man ) Sturgis. No issue. For his 2d wife he 
in. Sepi, 23, 1829, Mar> Greene Hubbard. d:iu. of John and Mary Hubbard, by 


whom lie had four children; 3d, , Tunc I, 1840, Julia Overing Boit, dau. of John 
Unit, by whom he had I" ' children. Me g'rad, at Harvard in 1823; was ad- 
mitted in the Suffolk bar July -1, 1820; in 1820 became a partner in the linn 
of Jonathan Amory & Sou ; in 1831 a member of the linn of Ltusscll ,\. Slurgis, 
Manilla, and Kussell, Sturgis & Co., China; in 184!) joined the linn of Haring 
V, rut hers X Co., London, of which he became the senior partner upon the death 
of Mr. Baring. 

528. Mary, b. Feb 9, 1780; d. Feb. 27. 1842; m. Sept. 0, 182"), Rev. Elisha Clap, b. June 27i, 

1776; d. Oct. 22, IS30, and son of Lemuel anil Rebecca (Dexter) Clap, lie graduated 
at Harvard in 1707; h:k tutor in Creek for two years; studied for the ministry, and 
preached for a few years; was afterwards principal of Sandwich academy. 

529. Mama Antoinette, b. Dec. 2, 1782; bapt. Dee. 8, 17S2, in the first Church ; d. March 

2G, 1S12; in. Oct. is, 1831, Dr. Samuel Greele; born July 3, 1783, in Wilton, N. II.; d. 
Aug. 10, ISC), in Swampscott, Mass., and son of Samuel and Olive (Reed) Creole. Xo 
issue. He was married four times. She was so named in honor of the French court, 
for assistance received during the Revolution. 

530. Luckbtia, b. April 30, 17S5; bapt. Maj 1, 1785; d. Aug. 27, 1823; umn. 

157 Philosebius r ' Treat (Robert* Robert? Unhurt? Richard 1 ), born about 1727; 
baptized April 23, 1727, in Milford, Conn; died .May 3, 17iis, aged seventy-two (grave- 
stone, Milfpid), of smallpox, al Watertown, Con;!. ; married, first, dune — , 1755, Muiicn 
Hull, of Bridgeport, Conn., born about L731, died duly 3, 1 75.S, in her twenty-seventh 

year (gravestone, Milford); second, ,Elizabktii Baldwin, baptized Oct. 3, 1731, 

and daughter of Stephen and Eunice (Fowler) Baldwin, whodied March 2!), 1788, and in 
his will mentions his daughter, Elizabeth Treat, and in the division of the mother's share, 

four daughters are mentioned (See Baldwin Gen., \>. 98) ; third, , Sarah Ar- 

watick, born Sept. 21, 1746, in New Haven, died Sent. 8, 1822, aged seventy-seven 
(gravestoue, Milford), and daughter of Isaac and Dorothy (Mix) Atwatcr. Mr. Treat 
was a farmer and resided al Milford. His will was dated May, 1798; presented for pro- 
bate May 8, 1798 ; inventory £1 1J 1. Son Stephen A. Treat was executor. Mentions 
wile; sons- Philosebius, Elijah, Stephen Atwater, Isaac; and daughters Abigail, Sarah 
Peck, Elizabeth, Mercy, Eunice. 

Children, born in Milford, by his first marriage: 

531. Philoshiuus, 6 b. about 1750; d. •, is.!;!, in Windsor, Conn. ; untn. About Jan., 1770, 

he enlisted for one year in the Continental Regiment of Col. Charles Webb, with Caul . 
Pcrrit, and went fivsf. to Boston, where he remained till the British evacuated the 
place, March 17, 1*TG, when the regiment was ordered to New York city. He con- 
tinued with Cul. Webb till he joined a i ipany of rangers, commanded by the gallant 

and unfortunate Capt. Nathan Hale, who was taken prisoner by the British and ex- 
ecuted. While in New York city, Gen. Washington directed the organization of a 
body of "rangers" from volunteers, and gave the command to Lieut. Col. Kuowlton, 
of Conn., Mho had been active in the siege of Boston, lie was killed at the battle 
of Harlem, Sept. 1G, 177U. and a number of rangers made prisoners. Gen. Wash- 
ington said of him that "he would have been an honor to any country." Capt. Ila'c 
had offered to reconnoitre the British on Long Island, but was captured and hanged 
Sept. 22, 177C. After these events no mention is made of the rangers. Probably the 
survivors returned to the companies to which they originally belonged. Mr. Treat 
was in the battles of Long Island, Aug. 27, 1770; Harlem, Sept. 10, 1770; White Plains, 
Oct. 28, 1770 ; Treuton, Dee. 2(1, 177ti. when over 000 Hessians were captured; and 
Princeton", Jan. 3, 1777. In April, 1818, he was living in Simsbury, Conn., and had 
been blind for mure than fifteen years, lie was of Windsor, Conn., when u« died. 
His will was probated Feb. 10, is:;:',. To Charlotte Phelps, of Win. Is,,,-, widow of 
Timothy Phelps jr.. he left all his property, subject to legacies. To his half brothers 



and sisters, Elijah, Isaac, Elizabeth, Mercy, Eunice, Rally, and Abigail, lie left $1.00 
each, tn casi of recovery of sight before death this will was to be void, i think he 

amis 11 1'hilow Treet" who, at a meeting of the proprietors of Guildhall, Vt., Sept. 

1, 1783, was chosen the 5lh oul of 7 to run the town lines. 1 1 • received a pension. 

By bis second marriage : 

532. Elizabeth, b. , 1759; d. Oct. 30, 1834 ; in. , Samuel Camp. 

533. Mercy, li. ; d.- (alive 1833); m. . Abraham i'eck. 

534. Euniob, b. about 17C3; d. Nov., 1855, nj:ed 92; m. April 20, !7SS, Amos Ford. 

535. Sarah, b. : bapt. .lull 19, 17fi7; d. young. In the Kirst Church records she is 

called the dau. of Phiio and Elizabeth Treat. 

By his third marriage : 

536. Elijah, b. . 1775; bapt. April 1G, 1775; d. Oct. 14, 1837; m. Dec. 8, 179G, Esther 

Rhodes, or Mallory. 

537. Stkphkn Atwatek, b. . 1777; bapt. May i, 1777; d. Aug. 27, 1S19; m. June 23, 1807, 

Harriet Bull. 

538. Sarah, b. Feb. 14, 1780; bapt. March 2S, 1780; d. July.:, 1S55; in., 1st, April 2, 1707, 

Feim l'eck; 2d, April l'S, 1 8 1 C. , Elijah Bryan. 

539. Isaac, b. Nov. 30, 1780; bapt. Feb. IS, 17S1 ; d. March 11, IS-U; m. Sept. 1, 1700, Eliza- 

beth Miles. 
510. Abigail, b. ,1784 ; bapt. April 4, 1784 ; d. June 14. 1828, aged 45 (g.s., Mil fold), nnm. 

158 Robert' Treat (Robert,* Robert? Robert? RichanV), born Oct. — , 1730; 
baptized Oct. 11, L730, in Milford, Conn.; died Aug. 10,1807 (gravestone, in Milford) ; 

married , Maky Clark, born Dec. — . 1733, died Aug.-".), 179U, of fever, aged 

sixty-six (gravestone, Milford), and daughter of Thomas and Susanna (Woodruff) Clark. 
His "will mentions children Robert. Jonathau, David, Mary Bryan, and .lane Tomlinson, 
with her three daughters. Maria. Jennette, Martha. Was a farmer. 

Children, born in Milford: 

541. Robeut," 1). May 25, 175S; d. April 7. 1825; in. April 29, 1781, Content Bryan. 

542. Jox.ninx, b. Aug. 12, 17H3; d. Nov. 20. IS29; hi. March 30, 1783, Susannah Gunn. 
54.3. Jane, b. • ; bapt. May 17, 17C7; d. Sept. 9, 1709; m. Nov. 1, 1787, Capt William 

544. Mary, b. ; bapt. May 11. 1771 ; d. Sept. — , 1845; m. April 20, 1784, Capt. Jehiel 

Bryan, ji . 
515. Martha, b Feb. 7. 1772; d. April 23. 1- 12, a;rcd 70 (g. s , Orange, Conn.); in. Nov. 15, 

1702, Capt. John Gmin. b. Dec. :ll. I7il5; d. Aug. 2U, |S2(i, aged (11 (g. s., Orange). 

They were both dismissed from Uie Kirs I ( Imrcii, at Milford, to the new church, at 

North Milford, now Oratine. July 21, 1797. No issue. 
546. David, b. July 22, 1776: d. April LU, l-.v.\ m. Nov. 23, 1800, Lydia Pardee. 

160 Capt. Isaac-'' Treat ( Robert,* Rnh n? Robert? Richard 1 ), born ; bap- 
tized Feb. 16, 1734-7J, in Milford, Conn.; died dun.' 12, 1829, aged ninety-six (grave- 
stone, Milford); married, first. . Sls.vnna Ci.auk, daughter of Thomas and Su- 
sanna (Woodruff) Clark, born .May—. 173G, died IVIi.1l', 1772, aged thirty-live, and buried 

alongside of her fathei and mother; second, , Sakaii IJkax, born about 1701, 

and daughter of Benjamin Bean, who survived him. Mr. Treat was a farmer. In May, 
1770, lie was appointed by the assembly, quartermaster of the troop of horse in the second 
regiment in the colony, and dan. '_".'. 17, I. cornet in the company, and in October, 177;">, 
lieutenant. Dining the [{evolution he commanded a company of light, and did 
service about Milford. lie received no pension. 


Daughter and only child, born in Milford : 

517. An^a 8 (sometimes called Susanna), b. , 1770;d. Nor. lit, 1777, aged 7y. (g. S., Mil- 

161 Jane 5 Treat. (Robert, 4 Robert* Robert* Richard*), born , 1736; baptized 

Oct. 10, 1736, in Milford, Conn. ; died (alive J 777) ; married , Bknjasun 

Sticks. They were both admitted to the First Church in Mi I ford, June 28, 17G7, on which 
occasion two of their children were baptized. The family is said to have removed to New 
Jersey. A Benjamin Specs was chosen by the assembly, lieutenanl of the 12th Co., Reg't, Conn, tree] is, June, 1770. Was also justice of the peace in Woodbury, Conn., 
about i7 s :i. 

Children of Benjamin and Jane Specs, born in Milford : 

548. Treat, 6 b. ; bapt. June 28, 17fi7. 

549. Jam:, b. ; bapt. June 28, 17G7; d. ; (?)m. Feb. 5, 17SG, Oliver Gibbs, in Wood- 

5.50 Samuicl, b. . 

551. Ki.i/. \:ticni, b. . 

552. Polly, b. . 

653. Sally, h. . 

362 Oapt. Eethuel 3 Treat (Robert, 4 Robert, 3 Robert* Richard*), born , 173S; 

baptised Nov. 5, 1738, in Milford, Conn.; died Nov. 25, 1S20, aged eighty-two (grave- 
stone, in South Britain, Conn.) ; married, first, , Anna Camv, of Milford, who died 

May 1, 1785, aged forty-two (gravestone in South Britain); second, , Ki.ziaii 

I-luni), who died Oct. 8, 1824, aged seventy-four (gravestone, South Britain). Mrs. Mary 
Baldwin of Ashland, N. Y., has a "sampler," made by Anna Camp in 1751, when .■even 
years old. Mr. '1 real graduated at Yale in 1750. lie and his wife Anna were admitted 
to tin First Church in Milford, June 28, 17G7. He subsequently, after the Revolution, 
removed from Milford to South Britain, where he purchased a large tract of land in the 
northwestern part of the village. Was a captain in the militia when they were called out 
at the alarm at Horse Neck, where Putnam rode down the steps in the town of Green- 
wich; assisted to drive the British from Danbury when they burnt the place, — the musket 
used on this occasion was recently presented to his great grandson Bethuel lloberl Treat ; 
was at one time in the main army at or near Peekskill, N. Y., in Col. Samuel Whiting's 
regiment. Was in the .service some nine months, from March to November, 177'J, and 
perhaps longer. In L779, he marched with his compari} to New Haven to repel the enemy. 
There are no pay rolls showing term of services. He never received a pension. Was 
also captain in the militia 1796-8. Ills will was dated June 13, 1815 ; probated April 3, 
1820. Mentions wife Keziah ; daughters Mary Aden, Esther Barlow, Susan Lewis; grand- 
sou Treat Watkins, and granddaughter Jane T. Watkins, children of daughter Sarah Wat- 
kins ; granddaughter Janet. Page, daughter of Jane Page ; and four sons, Bethuel, Alfred, 
Amos C. and Isaac 11. 

Children, the first nine probably born and baptized in Milford, the tenth and eleventh 
born in South Britain, by his first marriage : 

554. Anna, b, — , 17C5; bapt. June 28, 17C7; d. Marc], 24, 17Sfi, aged 21, In South Britain. 
555. Makv, I). Oct. IS, 17(15 (?) i d. April 10, lSltl; in. I'd). 1!), 17S-I, Jonah Ule.u. 

550. Ksniia:, I). , 1707; bapt. June 2S, 1707; d. . 1772, in South Uritain. 

557. Bktiiuicl, 1). , 171'.;); d. Aug. 30, 18.75, aged 8(5, in S hi. my, Uonii. ; in. Kub.21, 17!l.'i, 

folly rainier, iu Koxl.ury , ( 'oiut. , who d. April 211, 1850, aged HO, in Soilllibiiry. His will 


was probated Rcpt. 8, 1855, by widow Tolly Treat. Property left to tlie widow and 
grandson Rctlincl Treat Russell, as lie was called. Having no children, Mr.Trcal adopted 
Caroline Painter of Hoxbury, who d. ,7im II. ISH0, nged (iO, in Soutlibnry, and m. Cant. 
Barlow Russell, of Soutlibnry, who d. Sept. 28, 1870, in Woodbury. Her lirsl son was 
named lictliuel Treat Russell. Mr. Treat adopted liini and lefl liim a handsomu property. 
He hi. Nov. Iti, 1SI2, Huldah Ann Downs, and d. May 5, IS72, iigcdal, in SonUibury. 

558. Sarah, b. ; bapt. April 5, 1772; d. ; in. Feb. 3, 1S0S, Ue/.ekiah Walkins. 

559. Alios Camp, b. Doc 20, ITT.".; <1. Sept. 2(i, 185G; in. , Elizabeth Sliepard. 

560. Alfred, 1). Oct. 25, 1776; d. Aug. 3, lSfifi; in. Oct. 20, 1798, LyiHa Mallory. 
5G1. Esther, 1). ; d. Jan. G, 1840; ill. .Ian. 8. 1799, Abel Harlow. 

50?.. Susan, b. ; d. ; in. Jan. 2], ISO-t, Aaron Lewi:;. 

By his second marriage : 

563. Isaac Rexford b. March II, 1793; d. Jan. 10, 1858, aged G-J ; in. , Clarence Plait, 

5G4. Jane, b. ; d. ; in. Oct. It, 1807, Erastus Tagc 

164 Deacon SamueF Treat (Samuel, 4 Robert, 3 Robert," Richard 1 ), born Aug. 
6, 1728. in Mil ford, Conn.; tliosi Aug. 17, 1787, in his (i fly- ninth year (gravestone, Mil- 
fonl) ; married June 27, 1751, Frances 5 Bryan (217), born Aug. 16, 172G, died June 13, 
1806, aged eighty (gravestone, Milford), and daughter of Richard and Sarah 11 (Treat) 
Bryan. Jle was admitted to full communion in the First Church, Milford, June 27, 1741, 
and his wife Frances, March 28, 1752, lie was chosen deacon of the church Aug. 31, 
1786. He was appointed ensign of the 2d Co., 2d Reg't, by the Assembly, in October, 
1708, lieutenant in 1772, and captain in May, 1775. Was promoted from captain to be 
major of the 2d Reg't May, 1778, and resigned in 1770. Was a member of the legisla- 
ture in 1783-4. The inscription on his gravestone is as follows ; 










IN THE 59' 1 ' YEAH OF Ills AGE. 




"1 hear Tino Voice, ye Dead Arise, 

A ni> to i in: Graven obey 

And waking Saints with .ioyfui Eyes 

Salute -in' expected Day." 

Administration on his estate was granted to widow Frances Treat, and Samuel, eldest 
sou, Aug., 1787. Inventory was dated Oct. 20, 1787; movable property was valued at 
£832; real estate at £2834. Mention is made of six children. In the will of widow Fran- 
ces Treat, dated April 12, 17'JX, the six children are mentioned, but the three daughters 
wire then married, which was not the ease in 1787. The family l'.ihle, dated 1785, eon- 
tains the record of six children, but is Loo much worn in places to be deciphered, li was 
given to Jonah 7 Treat, grandson of Samuel Treat "by my honored grandmother Frances 


Treat," ami is new (1888) in tbe possession of Rev. 11. W.Pope, of Palmer, Mass., liis 

Children, bom in Milford : 

5G5. Abigail, 6 b. Jan. 9, or March 20, 1752; d. Fob. 27, 1842; m. July t, 1771, John Bryan. 

566. Anna, b. May IS, 1754; d. Juno 5, 1843; in. Feb. 28, 17^L', Capt. William Davidson. 

567. Frances, 1.. Dec. 30, 175-; cl. ; m. Feb. <",, 1702, Dr. Peres Mann. 

565. SaMUFX, 1>. Aug. 16, 17C0; (1. May 3, 1813; in., 1st, June 2S, 1787, Sarah Nettlelon ; 2.1 

April 22, 1794, Clarissa Welinore. 
569. Ei.isha, b. Jan. — . 17G4; il. May 15, 1813; m. lie,:. 25, 170 4, Pamelia Treat. 
670. Jox.Mi, b. Nov. 27, 1707; d. Fel). 2, 1S-K?, aged 7.'.; m. May 25, 1701, Rebecca 7 Treat. 

16S John'' Treat (Samuel* Robert, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born , 1731 ; baptized 

Dec. 5, 1731, in Mil ford, Conn.; Hied Oct. 19, 1794, aged sixty-three (gravestone in 
Milford), of dropsy and asthma; married June 27, 1751, Ann" 1 Brvas (218), born Feb. 
19, 1700-1, died June 28, 180G, and daughter of Richard and Sarah 4 (Treat) Bryan. Was 
a farmer. Administration was granted to widow Anna (or Ann), in 1791. In 1795, a 
new will was found by tbe son Richard, in which he was made sole executor. He gave 
bonds for £12,000. Feb. 18,1795, widow Anna received herdower; March 5, 1795, an in- 
ventory was presented which amounted to £4068, consisting of household goods, lands, 
negro man, etc. In 1795, the widow leases the farm to her sons John and Richard. The 
will mentions four children, John, Richard, Ann Blakslee, and Sarah Parker. The will 
of Mrs. Anna Treat, of New Haven, is dated April 13, 1796, and was probated Aug. 7, 
1806. .She mentions her four children. 

Children of John Treat, born in Milford, some of them baptized in the First church ; 

57J . Sarah, b. Dee. 10. 1751 ; d. ; m. , Jeremiah Parker. 

572. John, b. Nov. 17, 1755; d. Dec. 23, 1807; m., 1st, Feb. 20, 1789, Esther Iline; 2d, May 1, 

1794, Esther Clark. 

573. Rrcil.vRD, b. June 20, 17G0; cl. Dec. SI, 1803; in. Sept. 23, 1781, Sarah Smith. 

574. AKDRKW.b. : bapt. Nov. 10. 1771. 

575. Sybil, b. ; bapt. June 5, 1774 ; d. May 2>1, 1782, aged S. scalded. 

201 Dea. Joseplv Treat (Joseph* Joseph 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born Nov. 28, 
1722, in Milford, Conn.; died July 27, 1791, ill his sixty-ninth year (gravestone, Mil- 
ford) ; married , Mary Mmtwik, baptized Nov., 1 725, died July 22,1803, aged seventy- 
eight (gravestone, Milford), and daughter of John and Hannah (Piatt) Merwin, who in 
his will mentions his daughter Mary Treat. She was admitted to the First church July 
2, 1719. He lived north of the Milford settlement near Grassy Hill, afterwards called 
North Milford, and now the town of Orange. He had four sous and four daughters, am! 
owned a negro slave and wife who also had four sons and four daughters. These 
eight slaves he distributed to his eight children. His wiil is dated Sept. 10, 1787 ; probated 
Aug. 1, 1791 ; estate valued at £1915. To his son Joseph he gives all his land in Wood- 
bridge, and his "gold scaled ring;" to son Richard all his land in Watertown, and the ne- 
gro boy Levi; to son Isaac his slave Nando Glaseo ; to son David hi-, homestead. 
The daughters and wife received their share. His great grandson, Mortimer Smith Treat 
(2479). has his old gun, with Joseph Treat's name engraved on the brass facing opposite 
the loci-:. It is very long, with a bore for an ounce ami a half ball. It was carried by his 
son Joseph" in the vai of the Revolution and it was the best shooting gun in (he company. 
He would never acknowledge that he ever killed a man, but many a box of cartridges he 
emptied towards where the red coals were thickest, ami being a good shot, it is presumed 


thai he must have done some damage. He was a great hunter. Once lie shot a buck ami 
a bear on a day's hunt in the woods near where the town of Derby now stands. 

Children born in North Milforci, now Orange, the fifth and sixth baptized in the Sec- 
ond or Plymouth church, the others in the First Parish, Milford : 

577. Maky,* b. , 17-15; hapt. July 2, 1740; d. April 18, 1824, aged 79; ro., 1st, . 

Capt. Enoch Woodruff; 2d, , Capt. Enoch Newton, of Woodbridge, Coun. 

578. Josurii, 1). , 1747; bapt. July 2, 1749; d. Oct. 24, 1828, aged 81; m. Rebecca 


579. Hannah, b. , ] VfiO : bapt. Aug. ,12, 1760; d. ,1838; in. , Zenas Peck, and 

resided in Woodbridge. Dad four children: 

J. Jerry, 7 b. ; d. April 14, )85t; rn. .Amelia Ford. 

2. Mary, b. , 1780; d. ; in. , Jonas Sidney Newton. 

3. Hannah, b. June 4, 1785; d. Sept. 1, 1879; m. March 10, 1816, Russell Johusou, 

of Oxford, Conn. 

4. Zenas, b. , 1788. 

580. Isaac, b. April 7, 1750; bapt. ; d. Oct. II, ]822, aged 07; m. Feb. 8, 1785, Mekct- 

able Piatt. 

581. Ricuakd, b. June 26, 1761 ; bapt. Aug. 10, 1701 ; d. Jan. 31, 1832; m., 1st, , Sybil 

Clark; 2d, Kept. 17, 1S21, Mary Jones. 

582. David, b. Pec. 10, 1705; bapt. April 19, 1760;d. June 17, 1848; m. May 24, 1792, Mchetable 


583. MiHisr., b. ; bapt. ; d. ; ra. , Nathan Clark, b. Aug., 1710, and 

son of Nathan and Abigail (Newtou) Clark. 

584. Pamm.ia, b. ,1768; bapt. ; d. Jan. 21, 1836, aged 68; m. Dec. 25, 1794, Elislia 

'treat. (Sec569.) She is called Mchetablc Treat in the Plymouth Church records when 

202 John 5 Treat. (Joseph,* Joseph, 3 Robert, 3 Richard 1 ), burn Sept. 4, 1724, in 
Milford, Conn. , died May 27, 1804, aged eighty (gravestone, Bridgewater, Cum:.) ; married 
Auo;. 17, 1749, Phebk, bornjuly 1, 1734, died May 6, 1813, and daughtei of Cap- 
taiu Jehiel and Sarah. (Dunning) Huwley. Mr. Treat settled in Bridgewater, then n part of 
New Milford, where he was a very prominent citizen and n successful farmer. lie set- 
tled on hind given him by his father Joseph Treat on Shepaug Neck. Is said to have 
built the first frame house in town, in which his son Abijah afterwards lived. 

Children, born in New Milford, that part now called Bridgewater: 
585. Sarah, 1). Oct. 3, 1750; d. Sept. 27, 1780, aged 30; ra. April 30, 1775, David Summers. 

580. Hannah, b. Nov. 25, 1752; d. Feb. 25, 1754, aged 2 yrs. 

5S7. Ann mi, b. March 21), 1755; d. June 15, 1700, in bis Oth year (g. s.). 

5S8. JIaxnui, b. March 2'.'. 1757; d. Aug. 23, 1827; m. Dec. 9, 177:', Ralph Keeler. 

5 80. Abijah, b. Dec. 30, 1761; d. Oct. 3, 1S37; m. March o, 1783, Abigail Canfleld. 

500. Fnicni!, b. Dec. 15, 1703; d. March 3, 1801; m. March 0, 1781, John Canfleld. 

691. Anna, b. Jan. 25. 1700; d. June 16, 1845; m. — , Ralph Smjth. 

592. CI.AI5A, b. Dec. Ill, 17G8; d. Jan. 4, 181 I ; m. Aug. 16, 1787, Caleb Beach. 

593. John-, b. April 26, 1771; d. May 0, 1771. 

504. John iluvi.ry, b. Nov. 19, 177!; d. Aug. 20, 185". aged 71); in., 1st. Nov. 25, 1794, Sally 

Jannet Randall; 2d, , Sarah Ward. 

505. POI.I.Y, b. Nov. 17, 1770; d. ; in., 1st, Nov. 20, 1794, Nathan HctlR; 2d, , 

John Canfleld. 

203 Hannah 5 Treat (Joseph,* Joseph, 3 Robert,' 3 Richard*), hern May 14, 1728, 
in Milford, Conn.; died — — j married , Jons Sanvord, of Milford. 

Children of John and Hannah Sanford, born in Milford, and baptized in the Second or 
Plymouth church .- 


Mir,. Hannah", b. ; bapt. July, 1749. 

597. Kmmia, b. ; bapt. Oct., 1751. 

598. Mary, b. ; bapt. Sept., 17.",.".. 

599. David, b. ; bapt, Juno, 1753. 

208 C]emencc 5 Treat (Joseph,* Josepli, 3 Robert,* Richard 1 ), born July 18, 1743, 
in Milford, Conn. ; died May 18, 1817, in her seventy-fourth year (gravestone, Milford) ; 
married March 9, 1768, David [hgersoll, of Milford, born Dec. 11, 1740, died June 10, 
1774, in his thirty- fourth year (gravestone), and son of David anil Mehetable (Bryan) In- 

.gersoll, They were both admitted to the First church, Milford, on the occasion of the 
death of then- infant daughter, March 24, 1771. 

Children of David and Clemcmce Ingcrsoll, born in Milford : 
COO. Mehetable, 6 b. Oct. 25, 1768; d. March 24, 1771, aged 2 yrs. C mos. (g. s. Mllforcl). 

601. David Bryan, b. Aug 16, 1771; bapt. Aug. 18, 1771; d . 

602. Jonathan, b. Oct. 21, 1773; bapt. Oct. 31, 1773; d. . 

209 Sarah 5 Treat (Joseph, 4 Joseph, 3 Robert? Riahird 1 ), born July 20, 1745, in 
Milford, Conn. ; died Aug. 12, 1838, aged ninety-three, in Tallmadge, Ohio; married, first, 
Oct. 31, 1765, Lieutenant Benjamin 6 Fenn, junior, of Milford, horn July 30, 1742, died 
Oct. 27, 1780, in his thirty-ninth year (gravestone, Milford), and son of Colonel Benja- 
min and Mary (Peck) Fen n, of Milford ; second, , 1707, Maj. Ei.isha Fellows, of 

Sheffield, Mass., who died , 1800, in Sheffield. The inscription on her grave- 
stone at Tallmadge informs us that 


was a woman of a vigorous mind, 

a 5iother of uncommon excellence, 

a consistent Christian, 

. and afteii a useful and honored life 


died August 12 th 1838. 

Mr. Fenn was a lieutenant, in Captain Peck's Company, during the Revolution. His 
ancestor Benjamin Fenn came from Parish Whittington, Musworth, England, to New 
England about 1630, and died in 1G72. lie was a magistrate of the New Haven colony. 

Children of Lieutenant Benjamin and Sarah Fenn, born in Milford : 

603. Benjamin," b. May 14, 1766; d. July 10, 1817, in Tallmadge, Ohio; ra. -— , Comfort 

Fowler, dan. of Jonathan and Comfort (Baldwin) Fowler. 
Got. Feck, b. Feb. 28, 1708; d. March 12, 1824, in Tallmadge, Ohio; in. Jan. 28, 1794, Urania 

605. Treat, b. March 10, 1770; d. Feb. 21, 1806; m. May 3, 1791, Sally 8 Hollister, who d. Jan. 

20, 1880, and dau. of Salmon and Millicent (Goodrich) Hollister. 
■COG. Sally, b. Feb. 28, 1773; d. Oct. 26, 1796, in Ohio; m. , Elisha Edwards, at Berlin. 


607. Cl.EMENCE, b. April 13, 177.",; d. Oct. 1, 1776. 

608. William, b. April 5, 1777; d. Oct. 15, 1355; aged 70 (g. s. Milford); m. Feb. 10, 1799. 

Mary Fenn, who il March 16, 1864, and dau. of Aaron Fenn, Their son : 

1. Eliakim Tibbals' Fenn, b. March 24, 1804 ; d. May 2.",, 18S5; m. May 28, 1828, Eliza- 
beth Ann Piatt, who d. April 26, 1S75. Their dan. ■ 
1. Frances Aim" Fenn, b. May 26, 1831 ; in. May 1, 185] , Noycs Ailing* Treat. 
(See 2402). 
coo. Richard, b. Jul} 1, 1779; d. Fob. 20, 1868; m. Aug. 15, 1802, Mehetable l'lali. 


210 Gideon 5 Treat {Joseph, 4 Joseph? Robert, 2 Richard*), born Oct. 22, 1717, in 
Milfoni, Conn.; died July 11, 1811, aged sixty-three (gravestone, Bridgcwater, Conn.); 
married Nov. 13, 1770, Lucketia Washburn, born Sept. 16, 1750, in Derby, Conn., died 
March 3, 1847, aged ninety-six (gravestone), tie came to Sliepaug Nock about 1770, 
and had one of the best farms in the county. He left a large estate, being one of the 
wealthiest men in the town, and possessed a large deer park of 100 acres, built about 
17S0. A high fence surrounded the grounds except on one side, which was bounded by a 
steep rock. "Wild deer could jump into the enclosure, but could not get oat again, So 
the park was kept replenished. lie was one of the proprietors of the Union Library of New 
Milford, established Feb. 18, 1796. lie lived in his great house for three years without 
doors vr windows, being unable to complete it, owing to the Revolutionary war, using 
blankets instead. 

Children, bom in Xew Milford, that part now called Bridgcwater: 
610. Joseph," 1). July 25, 1771 ; d. Jan. 20, 1771. 
Gil. Mim-uya, b. Feb. 2;,, 1773; d. Feb. -I, 177G. 
612. Joseph, b. Jul) 3, 177-1 ; d. March 26, 1770. 
013. Ann i„ b. Nov. It, 177:.; d. March 15, 1770. 

614 Gideon Washmukx, b. Feb. 3, 1777; d. Sept. 30, 1862 (g. s., New Milford;; vunn. His 
g. s. contains this inscription: 

"Spiritual birth 
Dec. 23, 1813 
In Missourie." 

615. Daniel Allen, b. May S. 1778; d. Feb. 1. 1828; m. Nov. 3(i. 1809, Almira Sherman. 

616. Luckkiia, b. Oct. ?.">, 1779; d. Jan. 28, 1859 (g. s , New Milford) ; unin. 

617. Stephen, b. Aug. '.<, 1781; d. Sept 5, 1819; aged 68 (g. S.) ; ra., 1st, March 28, 1811, 

Thirza Welton, win. d Sept. 23, 1832, aged 42 (g. s.). and dau. of George and Elizabeth 

Ann (Botsford) Welton ; 2d. Oct. 1, 1833, Clara 7 Smith, b. Oct. 13, 1780, d. Dec. 28. 

1851, aged 03 (g. s.) and dau. of Ralph and Anna 6 (Treat.) Smith. See 1381. No issue. 

All three are buried in Bridgewater. 
618. Joseph, b. Dec. 10, 17S3; d. May 'J, 1^41 ; m. Sept. 20, 1820, Julia Burrill. 
610. IIOMisis, b. Aug. 7, 178S; d. Nov. 25, 1855 ; ra. March 19, 1823, Beulali Fail-child. 

211 Prances' Treat (Joseph, 4 Joseph? Robert? Eichard 1 ), born March 6, 1750, 
in Milford, Conn. ; died in Washington, Conn., Nov. 27, 1831, aged eighty ; married Aug. 
31, 1772, Gideon Camp, born Oct. 19, 1748, in New Milford, Conn., died Aug. 28,1822, 
aged seventy-four, in Washington, where he resided, and son of Enos and Lois (Wheeler) 

Children of Gideon and Frances Camp, born in Washington: 

620. Fhaxces, 8 b. April 7, 177-t ; d. . 

021. Ci.ioik.vce, b. May 3, 1776; d ; m. Jan. 28, 17m;, Reuben Hurd, or Washington. 

622. Gideon, b. May 6, 177S; d Sept. 3, 1849, aged 71, in Bethlehem, Conn, 

623, Sarah, b. March 16, 1781 ; d, : m. June 5, 1802, lSlihn Merwin, of Brookfield, Conn. 

024. Abigail, b. July 3.0, 17S3; d. ; m Dee. )'.), 1S09, Ambrose Baldwin, or Newtown. 

62a. Treat, b. Oct. 3, 17S5; d. Jan. 27, IS50; in. April 3, tso'a, Eunice flurcl, who d. Sept. 29, 

ISGS, aged 82, in Woodbury, Conn. W as member of the Conn. Legislature from Wood- 
bridge, in 1831, 1832, was justice of the peace in Woodbury, iu 1837, and postmaster 
at Ellsworth, Sharon, Conn., in 1822. 

026. Nancy, 1). Aug. 16, 1787; d, . 

627. Betty, b. Feb. 20, 17U0;d. . 

028. David, b. Nov. 22, 1792; d, Sept. 7, 1810, in Washington; in. Dec. 19, 1820, Fatty Logan, 
■whod. March;;, 1S34, aged 80, in Washington. 


220 Rev. Joseph'' Treat (Richard^ Joseph* Robert* RkharcV), born , 

1734; baptized April 21, 1734, in Abington. Penn. ; died . 17H7, in ; married 

, Mrs. Elizabeth (Bryant) Woodhukk. She is buried in Albany, N. Y., but the in- 
scription is simply "Mother of Richard Treat," and her age is staled to have been seventy - 
six. Mr, Treat graduated at New Jersey College, Princeton, N. .]., in 1757. He >\as 
a tutor in the college from 175.S (o 17(H) The Presbytery of New Brunswick, N.J . 
licensed him {^ preach in 17C0, and he supplied the pulpit in that town between 17G 1 ) and 
1702. In Oct., 1702, lie was associated with Rev. Dr. Bostwick, then in feeble health, 
as assistant minister of (lie First Presbyterian church New York, and upon his death in 
Nov.. 17G3, succeeded him as pastor. In the spring of 1764. Rev. John Murray, from 
the North of Ireland, was called as colleague, but want of unanimity, and other consider- 
ations caused him to decline the invitation. Rev. John Rodgers, born in Boston. Aug. .i. 
1727, whose parents came from Londonderry, Ireland, was next called in Jan., 1765, and 
installed the ttli of October following. In 1 766, upon the occupation of New York by the 
British, the clergy and most of the people left the town. The church was converted into 
a hospital. Mr. Treat was an ardent patriot. May 8, 1770, commissions were issued to 
the officers of Col. Malcom's Regiment, and one to Rev. Mr. Treat as chaplain. The 
Mew York Convention, Aug. 26, 1776, resolved that Mr. Treat continue his services as 
chaplain to' Ooi. Lasher's and Col. Malcom's Battalions, in Brig. Gen. Scott's Brigade, 
his pay to commence from the time of calling said brigade into service. 

Rev. M>\ Rodgers, after the departure of the British troops, returned to New York on 
the 26th of November, 1783. Mr. Treat did not return till the summer of 17s 1. His 
conduct, seems to have very much displeased his parishioners, for on the lirstof July, 1784, 
he was summarily dismissed b\ the following resolutions: 

" Resolved, that this congregation can support but one minister. 

" Resolved, that the Lev." Dr. Rodgers be that minister. 

'• Rcsolvi d, that a committee be appointed to apply to the moderator of the Presbytery, 
and request him to call a. meeting of that body as soon as convenient, that we may apply 
in a regular manner for a liberation of this congregation from the Rev. Mr. Treat as one 
of our ministers." 

Pastoral relations were accordingly dissolved, and Rev. Mr. Rodgers became sole pastor. 
May 18, 1785, the Presbytery of New York reported that since their last report they had 
dismissed Mr. Treat to the Presbytery of New Brunswick, which employed him and others 
from time to time to itinerate about New Jersey, to organize new churches. Mr. Treat 
supplied the churches of Lower Bethlehem, Hunterdon Co., and Greenwich, Warren Co., 
tiil his death. Tie was a popular and successful preacher and minister. Silas Dean after- 
wards delegate to congress from Conn., in a letter from New York - , Aug. 29, 177!, thus 
speaks of him : 

"Sunday. Heard parson Treat, in the forenoon, and Mr. L- Hie in the afternoon. I 
think the former much inferior to the latter." Collect. Conn. Hist, Soc, p. 140, Vol. 2 

During 177J, Mr. Treat preached one or more Sundays at Allen Township, Cumberland 
Co., Penn. 

Children, born in New York city: 

P29. Maiiy Davis, 6 h. .\,i i: , 28, 1766. 

030. Hiciuiii) Sam™,, b. Aug. 18, 17G9; cl. May 22, 1837; in., about 1794, Gertrude Stringer. 

631. John Thomas, b. Oct. 24, 1772. 

G3-2. Kmzahktii, b. Nov. la, 177-1. 


222 Dr. Samuel' Treat, (Richard* Joseph* Robert; 2 Richard 1 ), lion, about 
1738; baptized March 5, 1737-8, in Abington, Pcun. (the same date of baptism is con- 
tained in the records of the First Presbyterian church, Philadelphia) ; died Feb. 11, 1812, 

in New Yoik, and buried in Trinity church-yard, it is said ; married , Agnes IIoi.- 

ungmu: ai>. After practising medicine for n while in Burlington, N. J., he removed to 
New York, where he continued in practice for about live years. A grandson wrote mc 
that Mr. Trent, had ele\en children, lie believed, but could remember the names of onlj' 
eight. As there was no Presbyterian church in Burlington at that time, Dr. Treat attend- 
ed St. Mary's church. Jan. 30, 1786, he subscribed £2 towards retaining the services of 
Rev. Samuel Roe. May 5, 1792, he subscribed £3 for establishing an Academy. The 
early records of the church were kept very carelessly, and contain but few baptisms, mar- 
riages or deaths. The records mention the marriage of Martha Trent, who was probably 
a daughter of Dr. Treat. 

Children, not in order of birth: 

633. Charles, 8 b. ; d. . 

634. Joseph, b. ; d. . 

636. KomcRT.b. ; d. . 

637. Mary, b. ; (1. ; in., about 170.", Anthony Lamb. 

638. Agxhs, b. ; a. ; m. , Anthony Lamb after the death of her sister Mary. 

030. Samuel, b. Nov or Dec. 6, 1791, in Burlington, N. .). ; d F< b. 1 1, IS55 ; m., 1st, March — , 

1820, Jane Taylor; 2d, Sept. 20, 1827, Lydia Souder. 

640. Martha, b. ; d. ; m. Dec. 12, 1S03, John II osteins. 

MI Richard Hbshy, b. ; d. , 1855, in Mobile, Alabama. He was the youngest 

of the family. Taught scho'o! in Montgomery and Mobile, Ala. 

225 Donald' Treat (Edmund* Joseph, 3 Robert.- Richard'), born , in Mil- 
ford, Conn.; died March 2-1, 1803, in Litchfield, Conn. ; married, first, , Mary 

, who died Aug. 30*, 1785, aged forty-five, of consumption ; second, , Mrs. 

Sarah 5 (Smith) Stone, (?) born 17C4, died Feb. 26, 1841, aged eighty-seven, daughter of 
Ephraim and Sarah (Newton) Smith, and widow of Samuel Mansfield Stone. She was 
dismissed to the Second or Plymouth church, June 4, 1789, from the First church. IK 
was dismissed by the Plymouth church in 179G, to the church in Litchfield. 

Children, born in Milford, by his first marriage: 

642. DASlEL.'b. ; bapt. April 21. 1705, Plymouth church; d. ; in. Nov. i, 1790, 

Elizabeth Bristol. 

643, .I.\xi:. b. ; bapt. June 23, 1771. 

644. Em, b. Feb. 20, '774 ; bapt. April 10, 1774, d. March 17, 1854; in. April 28, 1800, Urania 

645. Sarah Animii.w, b. ; bapt. May 21, 1780; d. ; in. , Dennis Orton. 

Ucnioved to Camden, N. V. 

By his second marriage: 

646. William S., b. - — , 1788; d. , 1832, nged 44: m. , 1832, Liteinda Hubbard. 

227 Sarah 5 Treat (Edmund,* Joseph, 3 Robert;- Richard 1 ), bora about 1714, in 

Milford, Cum,. ; died Jan. 9, 1813, aged sixty-nine, in Bethlehem, Conn. ; married , 

.Ensign I'm rciiEit 5 Phuddes (John, 4 John, 3 Samuel,* Peter 1 ), baptized May 14, 1738, in 
Milford, died Jan 9, 1798, in Bethlehem, and son of John' and Hannah (Newton) Prud- 
deu, of Milford. They were both admitted to the First church, Milford, April . ; >, 1778. 


Children of Fletcher and Sarah Prudden, born and baptized at the First church, in 
Milford : 

G47. Fletcher Newton," b. ; bapt. Aug. 28, 1772 ; d. ; m. 1st, , . who 

d. Feb. 4, 1801, aged 27, In Bethlehem; 2d. March 22, 182G, Mrs. Persis Terry. Resided 
ia Colebrook, Conn., in 1826. 

648. Sarah Treat, b. ; bapt. ; d. ; m. Dec. 23, 1795, Muses Parinalee, of 


049. Ansa, b. ; bapt. Jan. 7. 177G ; d. April 3, 1859, aged 84, in Bethlehem : ra. Doc. — , 

1798, Eleazer Crane of Bethlehem. 

650. II vnnaii, b. ; bapt. April u, 1778,. 

651. ELlZAUETH.b. ; bapt. Dec. 26, 1779. 

228 Isaac r ' Treat {Edmund,* Joseph? Robert," Richard 1 ), bom Feb. 22, 1788, in 
Milford, Conn. ; died Sept. 23, 1858, in Oxford, Conn. ; married Feb. 10 (y, town record), 
1810, Eleanor E. Stiles, of Oxford, born Feb. 13, 178'.), died Feb. -1, 1854, aged sixty- 
five. Soon after the death of his father, he went to live with an uncle, Jonah Treat, who 
was appointed his guardian when about sixteen years old, and resided in Orange, an ad- 
joining town, since his mother had married again. His father had intended that he should 
be educated in Yale College, but circumstances prevented. 

Children, born in Oxford: 

652.. Harriet E., f b. Feb. 10, 1811; m .Aprils, 1831, Marvin R. Sanford. 

653. George N., b. Nov. 20, 1812; d. Nov. 24, 1821, aged 9 yrs. 

654. Cynthia M., b. Dec. 21, 1814; d. Aug. 20, 1887; in. Feb. 14, 183G, Daniel Merrill, of New 

Haven, who d. Feb 4, 1872, aged GG yrs. 8 mos. She resided in New Haven, and furnished 
me with much information in regard to the family. 
055. William Edmund, b. Jan. 18, 1817; d July 14, 1887 ; in. .Tun. 2, 1812, Augusta N. Nettleton. 

GE>6. ROBERT Smith, b. May 14, 1819; d. Jan. 3, 1869; m. , Mary Linn. 

G57. Betsy A., b. Sept. 3, 1821 ; m. Nov. 19, 1840, Milo Downs, who d. Nov. 0, 18GS, aged 53. 
Had a son : 

1, Horace Treat 7 Dowhs, b. . 1843 , d. March 9, 1844, aged 9 mos. 

658. Sahah Luctnda, b. June 29, 1824; d. March 9, 1874 ; m. , 1853, John Smith. 

059. Eunice E , b. Sept. 2.;, 1827; m. March 4, 1872, Hart David Munson, son of David an.! 

Hulclah (Baldwin) Munson. Reside in New Haven. No issue. 
GG0 Buuhit I., b. Sept. 17, 1830; d. July 6, 18G0, aged 30. 

23G Mary 5 Treat (£am.McZ, 4 Joseph, 3 Robert? Richard*), bom Oct. -29, 1741, in 

Milford, Conn. ; died — , in Conn.; married Sept. 27, 17G2, in Washington, Conn.. 

Joel Titos, who died about 1820, in Ferrisburg, Yt., at the house of his daughter Han- 
nah, 'a bile on a visit. Of Mr. Titus it cannot lie said positively who his parents were, 
His home was in Washington, near Birch Plain, Davis' Hollow, or Romfortl as it is now 
called. He owned a Forge which was burned about the beginning of this century. The 
site is still known as Joel Titus' Forge. He was or became a tnembi r of the Church of 
England, and was prominent in St. John's Church in those times, and a vestryman from 
1794-1708. lie also served in the French and Indian wars. After the death of his wife 
lie removed to Sandy Creek, N. Y., and lived with his children. Nov. 11. 178!), Samuel 
Feel Treat gave a deed to Joel Titus, who is supposed to have left town about 1802. He 
was there Sept. 23, 1802, receiving a deed that year from Samuel N. Johnson. 

Children of Joel and Maty Titus, said to be fifteen, born probably in Washington, not 
in order of birth, dales not known : 

661. .toia., 6 Ii. ; rl. , when about 40 years old; num. He was the eldest born. Was 

injured at the raising of a building and ever after a cripple. Was clerk of St. John's 

Church fur many years. 

250 ROBERT treat: fifth generation. 

G02. Samuel l). ; (I. -, at Olcau, N. Y. ; m. , . Had a son Samuel Ti- 
tus who was a Freewill Baptist minister in Mich, 

6G3. Feet Tiikat, b. May 10, 177C; d. Jan. 28, 18G1, in Mexico, X. Y. ; in. , 1799, Mar- 
tha liainmn. Had 9 children :— Sarah A., Treat, Luciuda, Betsy, Baruum, Susan, An- 
son, Hannah, and Patty. 

6G4. Henry, b. ; d. , in Illinois; m. , Stlkey Brigham. His descendants live 

near Blackberry, HI. 

005. Hannah,!). ; d. ; in. , a Quaker minister, late in life. She was the 

eldest dau., and resided in Ferrisburg, Vt. 

066. Esther, l>. ; d. ; m. , Gardner Geer. Resided in Kent, Conn. 

667. Sally, b. ; d. ; in. Sept.- 10, 1793, in Washington, Conn., William Lyons. 

Had. a son Daniel Lyons, who was a Freewill Baptist minister in Ontario, X. Y. 

CCS. Nabby, b. ; d. ; in. -, Troup. Settled in Ashtabula Co., Ohio. 

G69. llui.HAii, b. about 1768 ; d. ; ni. ■ , Orin Strong, who d. in 1871, aged 80. See 

Strong Genealogy. 

070. Charles, b. ; d. ; m. Emma Daniels. Has descendants living in Oneida Co., 

N. Y. 

671. Billy, b. March 2, 1780 or 1781 ; d. Jan. 4, 1860, in Marshall, N. Y. ; m., 1st, May 20, 1806, 
Judith Huested wliod. Nov. 11, 1829 ; 2d, ApriN, 1830, Susan Derby, who d. May 9, 1858, 
aged ol. He settled ill Fails, now Marshall, X. Y., in 1804, and carried ou a large busi- 
ness in Forge Hollow. All his children were by his first wil'e : 

1. Sophia 7 Titus, b. . 1807; d. , 1808. 

2. Anson Titus, Ij. March 13, 1809; d. Dec. 22, 1882, in Phelps, N. Y. ; m. June 3, 

1831, Almira Sabin, b. Jan. 20, 1810, d. Nov. 16, 1887, and dau. of Oliver and 
Olive(Uphain) Sabin. He settled in Pliclps in 1835. Children, the first b. in By- 
ron, N.Y., the second in Wolcotl, X. Y.. the others in Phelps: 

1. Thomas Benton 8 Titus, b. March 2, 1835. Resides (1S8S) in Clifton 

Springs, X. Y. 

2. Mary Juliet Titus, b. Sept. 13, 1837; d. May 2, 1841. 

3. Oliver Sabin Titus, b. May 13, 1813. Resides in Shortsville, X. Y. 

4. Filly Titus, b. April 1, 1815; d. May 12, 1864, killed at Spottsylvania, Va. 

6. Anson Titus, b. June 21, 1817; m. Dee. 11, 1872, Lucy Tobie Merrill, b. 

July 1C, Is:.!, and dau. of James and Lucy (Tobie) Merrill of New 
Gloucester, Me. Rev. Anson Titus is a Universalist clergyman, and now 
(1800) resides in Xatiek, Mass. He is well known as a genealogist and 
writer. Children : 

1. Anson Merrill'' Titus, b. April 8, 1875, in Xew Gloucester, Me. 

2. Marion Lucy Titus, b. Nov. 20, 18S0, in Wejmonth, Mass. 

C. Susan Olive Titus, b. May 5, 1849; in. , C. D. Carr, of Phelps, X. Y. 

7. Albert Alberto Titus, b. Feb. 10, 1852; d. Oct. 29, 1852. 

■A. Lucius 'Pitas, b. July 28, IS11 ; resides (188s) h, Coldwater, Mich. 

4. Sophia Titris.b. March 13, 1813; d; m. , Adonijah Day of Deans ville, N. Y. 

Living 1888. 

5. Horace H. Titus, b. Aiig. 4, 1816; resides (188s) In Phelps, K. Y. 

0. Piiebe J. Titus, b. Dee. 28, 1818; in. , James MeAdain, of Xew Y r orl: city 

Living 18S8. 

7. Oniii Strong Titos, b.Jnly 23, 1821; resides (1SSS) in Xew York city. 

8. Juliet Titus, b. Oet. 27, 182:1; m. , Mark Hanchet. Resides (1888) in 


9. Ilosea Ballon Titns.b. Jan. 2, 182G; resides (18S8) in Waterville, X. Y. 

10. Delos E. Titus, . M ay 10 , 1S28; d. , 1871 ; in. , . Resided in 

/ Xew York city. 

072'. BEULA11, b. ; d. ; m. , Jedediah Smith. Had a son Ami who still lives 

(1885) at Ontario, X. Y. Resided in Walworth, X. Y. 

673. Betsy, 0. ; d. ; m. , Case. Had among others a son Joel Titus 

Case, who graduated at Yale in 1828, and d. in Victoria, Texas, in 1SGS, aged Go. 


674. Makgaket or Polly, b. ; d. ; m. , CI nrk. Pad n son Joseph 

Chirk a priest, in the Episcopal Church, a missionary in the West Indies, where lie died, 
Family resided near Cazenovia, N. Y. 

(175. Anson, b. Hoc. 11, I78."i. 

241 Samuel Pect'' Treat (Samuel* Joseph* Hubert? Richard 1 ), born Sept. 29, 
1754, in Millbnl, Conn. ; died July 5, 1837, in Russia, Herkimer Co., N. Y. ; married 

, Saua.h Thompson, of New Haven, Conn., born Aug. '21. 1763, died Jan. 13. 

1830, in Watertown, Conn. Was a Revolutionary soldier. Jan. 1, )77(i, lie enlisted at 
Washington, Conn., for one year with Capt. Bostwiuk, in Col. Charles Webb's Rog't, 
going to the siege of Boston, thence to New York city, and to White Plains. When Gen- 
eral Washington in the latter part of 1 77C, retreated from the Hudson through New Jersey 
into Pennsylvania, Mr. Treat was left sick at Peckskill, X. Y. Received a pension. A II cr 
ilie war he went to New Haven, where he married, but he returned subsequently to Wash- 
ington, to live with his mother. While there he received a deed for laud from Ephraim 
Barker, in 17SG, and gave one to Joel Titus. Jan. i, 1700. Was a member of St. John's 
church, and collector in 1794. Thence he removed with his wife and three daughters to 
Bristol, Conn., where lie bought land in 1796, and sold about 1808. lie next removed to 
Watertown Y Conn., thence he went to Jordan, ( Jnondnga Co., N. Y., and finally to Russia, 
Herkimer Co., N. Y., before 1818, where he died. He was a saddle and harness maker 
by trade and a farmer in a small way. 

Children, the first born in New Haven, the second in Washington, the third, and fourth 
in Bristol, the fifth in Watertown : 

076. Meiietablk, 6 b. Oct. I, 1781; il. Jan. 11, 180G; m. Ang. 11, 1799, Samuel Jones. 

C77. Anna, b. March 15, 1784 ; d. Ocl. I'-', 1800; in. , ISO!. Cornelius Graves. 

G7H. llnr/.mMi, b. March 19, 17:1.5; d. Maj 23, 1881, in Jordan, N. Y. ; m. March 0, 181G, Simon 

670. S.u i.v Betsey, b. June 10, 1S02; d. March 28, 1S91 : in. Feb. 5, 1822, Amherst Coon. 

680. Nancy Jennet, b. Nov. 9, 1809; m. Oct. 8, 1834, Edward Waters Sanderson. 

243 Abijak' Treat (Samuel* Joseph? Robert? Richard 1 ), bom 17G1; baptized 
Dee. 15, 1761, in Washington, Conn. ; died Jan. 5, 1709, in Bristol, Conn., and buried in 

the North burying-ground ; married -, Mary Speriiy, wliodied Nov. 17, 1853, aged 

ninety-two, in Bristol, and daughter of Timothy Sparry of Bristol. She married, second. 

■ , as his second wife, Seth Roberts, who died, Oct. 6, 1823, aged seventy-two. 

They had one daughter, Chloe Roberts, who married —, Ferdinand Roberts. Mr. 

Treat was a farmer. He removed to Watertown, Conn., where it is said his children 
were born, and afterwards to Bristol, where he died. Sold land in Washington to Joel 
Titus in 1 703. 

Children, born in Watertown: 

681. Barziixai, 6 b. about 1780; d. March 5, 1845, aged Co; in. , Amy Royce. 

GS2. Nancy, b. ; d. , in the south; in., 1st, .Stephen Barnes, who d Dec. 

To, 1S10; 2d, Elias Roberts. Children, born in Bristol, by her first marriage : 

1. Lenndcr 7 Barnes, b. , 1S09; d March 15, 1S09, aged 1 mo. 

2. Bcandor Barnes, b.- . 1810; d. Sept 15, 1S10, ngedO mos. 

She had children by her second marriage. 

GB3. Siav, b. ; d. ; in. , Hill narrow. Went west before IS 10. Children, 

born in Bristol : 

1. Cyrus 7 Da now, b. . 

2. Mary narrow, b. . 



3. Pliny DaiTOW, b. . 

■t. Anna Danow. b. . 

C8I. Ei.i, 1). about 17SG; d. Nov. SC, 182G, aged 10; m. July — , 1815, Tolly Colleu. No issue. 
so Tar as known. 
685. Sukkmax, b. about 179G; d. Nov. 21, 1S51, aged 55; in. Nov. 27, 1S17, Dama Matthews. 

245 Stephen 5 Treat {Stephen* Joseph? Robert* Richard 1 ) , born May 26, 1747, 
in Middletown, Conn. ; died -, probably in "Wliitestown, Oneida Co., N. Y. ; mar- 
ried, first, Dec. "2. 1773, Gkacl' Sam:, born in 1757, and daughter of Solomon and Lois 

(Wilcox) Sage, of Middletown ; second, — . . During the Revolution lie am'; 

111 s brother Amos were in the company of Capt. Eli Butler, of Middletown, in Hie Reg't of 
Light Horse commanded by Maj. Elisha Sheldon. Tlie company marched Oct. 25,1776. 
He was discharged Dec. !, 1 7 7 G . 

Childien, the first ten and perhaps others, born in Middletown : 
68G. Timothy, 6 1>. March 9, 1775; bapt. Dec. 10, 1788. 
G87. Joux, b. Jtine'7, 1778; bapt. Dec. 10, 1788. 
OSS. Hui.i>ah. b. Jan. 1, 1779; bapt. Hoc. 10, 1788; d. Sept. 24, 1811; m. Nov. 2S, 1799, James 

CS9. Ho«:a, b. .Time 8, 178! ; bapt. Dec. 10, 178S; d. Sept. IT, 1818; in. April 4, 1S02, Hannah 

G90. B'btsev, b. ; bapt. Pec. 10, 178S; d. ; m. , Ira Croftit. Had chi!- 


C91. Li tMA, b. ; bapt. Dec. 10, 1788; d. ; m., 1st, .Daniel Demhig; 2d, . 

Nathaniel Morgan. Had children. 
(-(92., b.Sept. fl, 17S5; bapt. Doc. 10, 1783; a. Feb. in, 1853; m. Oct. 28, 1S09, Mar.y 

093. Axsox, b. ; bapt. Dec. 10, 1788; d. ; m. April 28, 1S!0, Catharine Chauneey. 

694. GliACE, b. ; bapt. July 19, 1789. 

695. Amos, b. Nov. )<;, 1790; &. Sept. -1 1SG0; in. Feb. 1, 1SH, Samaatha Roberts. 

By his second marriage: 

G9G. Am '.Ni'A, I). . 

697. Ai.mi.m, b . 

G98. Butler, b. ■ . 

699. STF.em.w b. ; d. Oct. 31, 1S34, in Utica, N. Y. ; num. Was a tinsmith 

700. Hannah, b. ; d. ; m. Albeit liehtcn, of Berlin, Conn. Both were alive in 

240 John'' Treat (Stephen? Joseph? Robert? Richard 1 ), born Oct. 29, 1752, in 
Middletown, Conn.; died Nov. 18, 1822, in Middletown; mairied Nov. 27, 1780. Ki.iz- 
auetu Lax j on, born July -1. 1758; died Oct. 28, 1842, aged eighty-four, in Middletown. 
They were married al Kensington, a parish in the town of Berlin, Conn., at the house of 
Jabez Lnnclon, a distant relative, in whose family .she was living. Her name was called 
Elizabeth Lancton, in the town records, and Betsey Lanlcton, 1 on the church records. 
Mr. Treat served (Hiring the Revolution from the beginning to the end, of the war. lie 

'The name was originally spelled Lancton, but now generally Daiigdon. George Lancton, the 
emigrant settler, is firs.1 found in We.tliersllcld, Conn. lie deal Dec. 29,1670, in Northampton. 
Mass. Banclon, l/.nkton, hmigton, ami Langdon were originally one and the sane: worth There 
is a coat ofarins l)eloiiging to tlie Langton family, the old family bible, dated 1758, given by Iiev. 
Mr.Dunelon io his daughter Betsey Treat, is now in tlie possession of George Uhnsi 11 Treat (1555) 
of Mciiden, Conn. In some of liis books his name is. spelled Laiikton, as in this case, but In oth- 
ers. Lungilon. 



was a private in the company of Capt. Abel Braw, and arrived at New York, Aug. If), 
177(.. Was discharged Sept. 1!), 1776. Jan. 13, 1777, lie enlisted at Welhcrsficld, Conn., 
in t lie first company, Capt. Benjamin Tallmadge, afterwards major of the same regiment, 
in the second regiment of Connecticut Light Dragoons, Col. Elisha Sheldon, and was 
discharged at Danbnry, Conn., June 12, 1783. He served generally along the Hudson. 
His discharge was signed by General Washington. Was in the battle of Brandywine, 
Sept. 11, 1777, and in many skirmishes. Was in the light which preceded the capture of 
the light house near New York city, under Colonel Tappan, when he was in the "year 
service" in 1 770. Received a pension, also a gift of land in the western reserve of Ohio, 
which was lost to the family through the fraud or negligence of the agent. 
Children, born and baptized in Middletown, Conn. : 

701. IliA,' b. Sept. 3, 1784; (1. Oct. 19, 1859; m. July 3, 1803, L .is Clark. 

702. Samuel Laxctox, b. Nov. 29, 178S; d. Fub. 3, 1SC2; in., 1st, , 1811, Lydia Sheldon; 

2d, Aug. 29, 1822, Mrs. Elizabeth A. I!. (Treadwoll) Sheldon. 

703. Gbohgic, b. Feb 4, 1791 ; d. Nov. 3, 1SC7; m. .Tan. 5, 1815, Laura Ford. 

704. Emiia-, b. Oct. 21, 1794; d. Dec, 1867, aged 7^; in. , Sct.h Corn well, who d. April 

— , 1857, aged G8. 
705. Joseph Laxctox, b. Oct. 29, 1797; d. Nov. 9, 182G; m. Oct (i, 1820, Nancy Holmes. 
70G. Joux, b. April 1, 1800. 

249 Amos 5 Treat (Stephen. 4 Joseph., 3 Robert," Richard*), born Oct. 23, 1757, in 
Middletown, Conn. ; died Nov. 6, 1788, in Middletown ; married, first, Feb. 8, 1781, Maky 
Wilcox, born Sept. 13, 1756, died Sept. 1, 1787, and daughter of Israel and Martha 
(Barnes) Wilcox; second, Dec. 26, 17S7, Rebecca Srow, daughter of Samuel and Desire 
(Cander) Slow. He and his brother Stephen enlisted in the company of Capt. Eli But- 
ler of Middletown, in the regiment of Light Horse commanded by Major Eli Sheldon, al 
the lime of the Revolution. They marched for the front Oct. 25, 1770. He was dis- 
charged Dec. 25, 1776. These troops were ordered to New York, and a portion of them 
were with General Washington in his retreat through New Jersey in Doe., 1776. 

Children, born in Middletown, by his first marriage: 

. 707. Sir.iii.;., c b. May 1, 1782; d. ; in. , Im lioardman. 

708. Abba, b. Jan. 19, 1781; d. July 4, 1857; in., 1st, , Laura Stow; 2d, March 2, 1S34, 

Mrs. Nancy (Holmes) Treat. 
709. Makv, b. May C, 17SG; it ; m. , Uii Boardman. 

By second marriage : 
Tin. Rebecca, b. Sept. 20, 1788; d. Jan. G, 1789. 

251 Hannah 3 Treat (Stephen,* Joseph, 3 Robert* R ichard 1 ), bom April 13, 1761, in 

Middletown, Conn. ; died ■ ; married , Solomon Sage, Jr., who was born in 


Children of Solomon and Hannah Sage, born in Middletown : 

711. Lois, 6 b. , 1781. 

7 12. llOSKA, I). , 17S2. 

713. IIakribt, b. , 17s). 

711. HlUAM, b. , 178G. 



259 Capt. Elisna fi Freeman (Robert? Jane* Treat, Samuel? Robert? Richard 1 ), 

)>'>ni July 2, 1781, in Truro, Mass. ; died about 1830, aged ninety-nine; married , 

Mkkct or RIahi' Vikckkt. in Pomfrct. Conn. He was a mariner. Removed first to Norwich 
Lauding, Conn. In 1761, lie settled in Curnwallis, Nova Scotia. In 1769, was wrecked 
on a rook in the Bay of Fuudy. since known as "Freeman's Woe." In 177U. he settled 
in A mhorst, N. S., with his wife am) Tour children. One of his daughters was the first 
white child born in that. town. Upon the breaking out of the Revolution, he wished to 
return to New England, but was persuaded to remain by Colonel Street., u British officer, 
who had married a daughter. About 17S7. he removed to Poughkcepsie, X. Y., and set- 
tled at Kinderhook. lie published, in 1319, at Ballaslon Spa, N. Y., a little book con- 
taining incidents of his lite. Am indebted to the Freeman Genealogy for what information 
1 possess of this branch of the family. 
Children : 

715. Son, 1 b. ; el. ill infancy. 

71(i. El.isiu, I.. July -. 17,77: tl. May 5, ISIS; ra. , l.vdia Reynolds. 

717. M.VUY, b. ; d. ; m. , Morse, of Si c\ eiist.own, N. Y. 

1 18. MuitcY, h. ; d. ; in. , Doubleday, of Cooporsto-wu, X. Y. 

71!). Abigail, b ; d. ; m. , Col. Street, of St. Johns, N. H. 

720. Ann Fiiaxces, b. ; d. ; in. , Dillis Dernier, of Cobleskill, X. Y. 

721. Hannah, b ; d. ; m. , Chester, of Truro, Ohio. 

7L':'. Nicolas Vixcknt, b. ; d. — — ; in. , Luoretin Babcock, of Worcester, X. Y. 

723. Ei-izabeiii, b. ; d. ; in. , Calkins, of llalfinoon, N. Y. 

264 Capt, Constant 6 Freeman (Constant? Jans' 1 Trent, Samuel? R ,hert? 
RichavcV), born May 12, 172'.), in Charlestown, Mass.; died Feb. G, 180G, in Boston; 
married, first, Sept. 19, or 23, 1751, Lois Conn, died March 25, 177.7, .and daughter of 
dames Cobb; second, Jan. 31, 1702, Mrs. Susannah (Cazseau) Palfuky, died .lulv 1G. 
1793, aged fifty-two, buried from King's Chapel, and widow of Col. William Palfrey 
(whom she married Feb. 1 1, 1765), born Feb. 21, 1711, in Boston, died Dec. — , 1780, 
lost at sea, while on his passage to France as consul general, formerly paymaster general of 
the Con! mental army , and aid-de-camp to G .moral Washington from March to April, 177i> ; 
third, Dec. ! i, r 15, I79G, Susannah Mitciiel, who died Oct. 3, 1805, aged li ft y- three. Mr. 
Freeman removed from Truro to Charlestown about 1755, where his estate was taxed 
from 1756 to 17G3. lie, with his wife', three sons, and a daughter, was in Boston as 
caily as April 5, 17G5. The following entry in the Boston select men's minutes, June 11. 
17Cii, probably refers to him : "Capt. Freeman, with his wife, is come to li\c in this Town. 
and has hired a House in Middle Street." Page 218, Veil. 20. He was an officer in 
Castle. William, now Fort Independence, at the breaking out of the Revolution. Being 
a Loyalist, he went to Quebec and became a merchant, and remained there as late as 1 786. 
lie afterwards returned to Boston, and was master of the alms house from 179G to I80G, 
when he died. 

Children, the first three born in Charlestown, the last two in Boston, and baptized in 
the First church, by his first marriage: 

7L>(. Constant, 7 1>. Feb. -.'I, 1757; hapt. lob. 27, 1757; d. Feb. 27, 1824, in Washington, 1). C. ; 
iiinii. lie entered the Latin School in 17f!l>. Is said to have joined Arnold before 
Quebec in 1775; was I.ieul. in Knox's Artillery Ue^'t in 177U; Captain's Ijetit. in Crane's 
Artillery, Oct. 1. 1,,S; in the Muss. Arliucrj in 17S2; appointed ('apt. 2d U. S. infan- 
try in 1701, l. in declined; commissioned major of the 1st Artillerists ami Engineers, 


Feb. 28, 1795; Lieut Col. of the 1st Artillery, April l, 1S02; Brevet Col. .inly 10, 1S12. 
Ho was mustered out or the service upon the reduction of the army, June 5, 1813. He 
was next au accountant in the navy d .pnrtnicnl at Washington, and fourth auditor of 
the treasury from March, 1810, to Feb. 27, 1821, when he died. 

725. James, b. April 22, 1759; d. Nov. 14, is:::,; m. July — , 17ss (pub. June 8, 1788), Mrs 

Maitha (Curtis) Clarke. 

726. Ezekiel, b Jan. 12, 1702; d. ; m. , Rebecca Trice. 

727. Lois, b. Aug. 12, 17G4; d. May l, 1820; in. about. 1780, D ivid Davis. 

728. Xkiii.mi.wi, b. June 25, 17G9; d. April 7, 1819; in. June 25, 1790, Sarah Duncan. 

267 Blaiy 3 Freeman (Constant, 5 Jane* Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born 
March ■>, 1740-1, in Truro, Mass.; died Aug. — , 1790, aged fifty, in Truro ; married 
April C, 17G1, Sii.Aj Kkowles, of Truro. 

Cliildren of Silas and Mary Knowles, born in Truro: 

729. Jonx, 7 b. Aug. I, 1701; bapt. Aug. 0, 1701 ; il. young. 

730 SrLvs, b. June 27, 1703; bapt. July 3, 170:1; d. , 179S ; in. . 

731. Mil i, b. July S, 1705; bapt. July 28, 17C5; d Oct. 24, 1794, aged 29. 

732. Jonx, b April 3, 1707; bapt April 19, 1707. 

733. Phbbk.Vj. Dec. 28, 170:); bapt. Keb. 11, 1770. 

734. Ni'.ur.Mi.Mi, b. Nov. 15, 1771 ; bapt. Nov. 24,1771. 
73.5. Ann-a Kit ke vi as, b. Oct. 15, 177:1: bapt. Oct. 31, 1773. 

730. Thomas, b. ; bapt. Oct. 25, 1770. 

737. Ki.\. or Ely, b. •; bapt. Jan. 24, 1779. 

735. Jamks Fbeemax, b. ; bapt. April 25, 17S1 ; d. in infancy. 

739. JAMES Fbekman, b. ; bapt. June 29, 17S3. 

289 Eunice'"' Freeman (Constant* Jane 11 Treat. Samuel^ Robert* RichanV), 

born Oct. 12, 174G, in Truro, Mass.; died ; married Dec. 6, 17GS. Hezkkiah 

HakdixG] or Truro. The family removed to Brunswick, Me. 

Cliildren ofllezekiali and Eunice Harding, born in Truro: 

740. IIezbkiaii,' b. June 2, 1771; bapt. June 9, 1771. 
711. Eunice b. July io. 177.": bapt. Aug. 1, 177::. 
742. Samuel, b. July 10, 1775; bapt. Aug G, 177.".. 

713 t'uNsT.vxi FllEEMAS, b July 22, 1777; bapt July 27, 1777. 

744. Nehemiaii, b. Oct. 23, 177::; bapt. Nov. 7, 177:). 

270 Constant Hopkins (Mercy* Freeman, Jane* Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert* Rich- 
ard 1 ), bom Jul;,, 1720, in Truro, Mass. ; died June 15, 1800, aged eighty (gravestone. 
North Truro); married Dec. 1, 1743, I'm.r.i-/' Paine, bom Dec. 2, 1724, died May 6, 
1798, aged seventy-three, and daughter of Jonathan' 1 and Mary (Purrington) Paine. Ac- 
cording to her gravestone, perhaps erected long subsequent to the event, she died April 
— , 1 798, aged seventy-eight, which is incorrect. 
Children, bom and baptized in Truro: 
715. Coxstajjt, 1 b. May IG, 1717; d. March 29, 1S17; m. March 14, 1775, Elizabeth Paine. 
710. Jonathan, b. Keb. 7, 1748-9 

717. Scammox, b April 28, 1751 ; d. about 1770, in the 19th year of his age, of small pox, in 
the hospital. 

745. Caleb, b. May 15, 1753; d. ; ni. March 10, 1780, Betliiali .Smith. 

749. Micaii, b. Nov. 2, 1755. 

750. I'iikki:. b. May 17. 1759; d. ; m. Nov. 21, 17S0, Elijah Dyer, jr. 

751. Hannah, b, May 19, 1701, 

752. Mabv, b. Aug. 28, 17G3. 

753. Mkrcv b. Sept. 2, 1705. 
751. Elizabeth, b. June 9, 1708. 



271 Mary" Hopkins (Mercy* Freeman, June* Treat, Samuel, 3 Hubert* Richard'), 
born July 18, 1722, in Truro, Muss. ; died Oct. 21, 1795, aged seventy-three, a widow, 
in Truro; married Oct. 21, 171*. in Boston, Jons Ckoss. She was admitted to the New 
Brick Church, Boston, Oct. 8, 1749, where her children were baptized. 

Children ol John and Mary Cross, born in Boston : 
75.".. William,' 1). Aug. 7, 1750; bapt. Aug. 12, 1750. 
75G. Aiiigaii., !>. ; bapt:. March i, 1753; cl. in infnncy. 

757. AuiGail, b. April '.'4. 1755. 

272 Thankful' Hopkins {Mercy* Feeermii, Jane' 1 Treat, Samuel 3 Robed,* Rich- 
ard 1 ), born May 20, 172-1, in Truro, Mass.; died , probably in Easthain, Mass. ; 

married, first, June 22, 174G, Elisiia Paine, born Aug. 21, 1721, in Truro, died -, 

1753, in Middletown, Conn., and son of Elkanah and Reliance (Y'ou!;::) Paine; second, 

, 17.">7, Fkekman Higgins, ofEastham. Mr. Paine removed to Middletown soon after 

his marriage. The homestead there was sold in 17G9. 

Children ol'Elisha and Thankful Paine, born in Middletown : 

758. Maky, 1 b. March iS, 17-10-7 ; il. ; in. , King, who resided in Boston in 


759. Reliaxce, b. Feb. 18. I74S-9; d. ; m. March 9, 17G9, Prince Snow. 

7f>0. Cathakixk, b. ; bapr.. Maj 20, 1753; d. . 

273 Capt. Caleb 1 ' Hopkins {Mercy 6 Freeman, Jane* Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert? 
Richard 1 ), born July 28, 172G, in Truro, Mas*;. ; died Sept, 30, family record, or 12, 
town record, 1799. aged seventy- three, in Boston ; married, first, Nov. 4, 17-17, Maky 
Pai>*e, of Boston, who (lied Nov. 2T>. 1772; second, June 15, 1777, Jane Vernon, who 
died Jan. 80, 1780, "Sunday morning, at o'clock;" third, March 22, 1781, Mary 
Williams. In his early life he was a sea captain, and resided in Boston. He is said to 
have been the president of the first bank established in that town. Two beautiful minia- 
tures of him and his wife, Mary, painted in England, are in the possession of his descend- 
ants. They represent a line appearing couple in middle life, and he is dressed in a red 
coat and ruffles. Some of his plate and jewelry are still preserved. The family Bible is 
in good condition, and the entries of births, deaths, and marriages are all in his hand- 
writing. He was a prominent man in Boston. March 8, 177:), he was chosen one ol the 
twelve wardens for tin ensuing year ; 1 lee. 7, 1774, a member of "a Committee of Inspec- 
tion it to carry the Resolutions of the Continental Congress into Execution;" March 29, 
1770, one of the sixteen (ire wards for the year ensuing; also one of a committee of 
twelve to go through the wards and see that the houses that need it are cleansed, el< . ; 
Nov. 8, 177G, one of a committee ol GO — five from each ward — to collect "an Account of 
the Damages sustained since the Boston Port Bill, lie resided in ward one." 

Children, born in Boston, by his first marriage: 
7(11. Maky,' b. Sept G, 174*; il, Fob. li, 1749-50. The child's ring says "Obit. Feb. G, 1719." 
7G2. Maky, b. July 17, 1750; d. Sept. 2 1751. 
7';:!. Abigail, l>. March '.7, 1752-: tl. April IS, 1753. 
7(li. Maky, b. .'an 30, 1757: cl. Feb. I. 1757. 

By' his second marriage: 

705. JaNH Vek.von, b. Nov. 25, 1779; cl. Sept. .".0, ISO! ; m Nov. 29, 179G, Dr. Isaac Kami. jr. 

275 Simoon' 1 Hopkins (Merctf Freeman, Jane* Treat, Samuel 3 Robert," Rich- 
ard 1 ), l>m n Pel'. 7. 17;; I •!, in Truro, Mass.; died — — ; married Aug. 28, 1755, Hi rry 
Conn, bom Dec. 22, 1732, and daughter of Thomas and Mercy Cobb. They both owned 
the covenant Oct. 17, 175G. Removed to Maine. 


Children, born in Truro : 
7GG. Mercy,' b. Aug. G, 175G; bapt. Oct. 17, 175G. 
707. Simkox, 1). March 11, 175S; bapt. May 7, 175s. 
708 James, b. Aug. 31, 1700; bapt. Nov. 10, 1700. 

276 Mercy' Hopkins (Mercf Freeman, Jane* Trent, Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), 
born April 'i-i, 1734, in Truro, Mass. ; died April 2G, 1817, aged eighty-three, in Truro; 
married, ■ John Gkozier. 

Children of John and Mercy Grazier, born in Truro: 

709. Mkiicy, 1 b. July 17, 1757; bapt. July 17', 1757; d. young. 
770. Jonx, b. April 22, 1759; bapt. May 13, 1759; tl. April 27, ISO! ; m. Oct. 29, 1789, Mary, or 
Polly, Pepper. 

771. Joshua Iloriuxs, b. Aug. II, 17G0; bapt. Aug. 17, 1700; a. young. 

772. William, b. May 14, 1702; bapt. (no record); d. Dee, 1. 17SG, aged 20 (?), Damon's 


773. Mi-no)-, b. May 3, 1761; bapt. June 3, 1761. 
77-1. Mary, b. April 29, 170G; bapt. May 4, 17G6. 

775. Josmu Hon ix-;, b. Aug. 0, 17G7; bapt. Aug. 9, 1707. 
770. Joshua Frickmax, b. April '.-'. 1709; bapt. April 9, 1709. 

777. CalkbUi'h oi. b. Nov. 18,1770; bapt. Nov. 25, 1770; d. . 182a ; m. Nov. C, 179G, Hannah 

Atkins. Was captain of a brig which foundered with the whole crew, except the sec- 
ond mate 

277 James"' Hopkins (Mercy 5 Freeman, Jane* Trent, Samuel 3 Robert,* Richard*), 

born Aug. 16, 173G, in Truro, Mass. ; died ; married , Mkhetable Fuks- 

man. He removed to Mirtdletown, Com.. Was a soldier in the Revolution. Was taken 
prisoner by the British, carried to England, and confined in a prison ship. The priva- 
tions endured resulted in his deatli not long after his release. His widow married, 
, for her second husband — --- Johnston, of Middletown. 

He is said to have had eight children. I subjoin the nanus of five, though perhaps 
not in the order of their birth : 

778. Freemax 7 , I). ; d. ; m. , Phebe Davis. Children-; 

1. George 8 Hopkins. 5. William Hopkins. 

2. Matthew Hopkins. 0. Phebe Ann Hopkins 

3. Samuel Hopkins. 7. Edward F. Hopkins. 
i. Frances Hopkins. S. Charles Hopkins. 

779. Mehetabel b. about 17G2; d. Aug. 15, 1S43, aged 81, at Catskill, N. Y. ; num. 

780. Samuel, b. . 

781. Jambs, b. ; d. , in Middletown. 

7s2. Calkjs, b. Jan. 2, 1780; d. ; m. Jan. 18, 1811, Keturah Hill. Children-: 

1. Charles'' Hopkins. 7. Francis Hopkins. 

2. Charles Hopkins. 8. James Hopkins. 

3. Mary Hopkins. 9. Jane V. Hopkins. 

-1. 1 isa Hopkins. 10. Frederick Hopkins. 

5. John Hopkins. 11. Jane V. Hopkins. 

G. Henry Hopkins 12. Josephine Hopkins. 

231 Jonah''' Gross (Hannahs' Freeman, Jane* Trent, Samuel, 3 Robert? RiehnnV). 

lorn Dee. 14, 1 728, in Truro, Mass. ; died ; married Dec. 2] , 174!), Dorcas lh bu, 

wptized June 1-1, 1723; and daughter of Ehenezer and Sarah (Doane) Dyer. Roth owned 
he church covenant Aug. 12, 1751. In 1758 he was corporal in Capt. Samuel Jvnowles' 
\)., Colonel Dniy's Reg't. In 1 759-60, he was ensign in Capt. Jabez Snow's Co., 2nd 
Jarnstable Reg't, at Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. 


Children, born in Truro : 
783. Micau,' b. May 8, 17:><>; bapt. Aug. in. 1750. 
7SI. Saiika, b. May lfi. 1752; bapt. Maj 17, 1752. 

785. JoxAn, b. Sept. 14, 175-1; bapt. (no record). 

786. Ai i:\amiki:, b. April 14, 1757; bapt. May 22, 1757. Taken a prisoner during the Revo- 

lution, and sent to England. 
7S7. DoitCAg, b. Aug. 5, 1762; bapt. Aug. 8, 1762. 
788. Hawaii l'\s, b. Jan 2, 1765; bapt. Jan. 20, 1705. 
7S9. Abigail, b. June 18, 1771; bapt. July 2S, 1771. 

2 S3 Benjamin 1 ' Gross (Hannah* Freeman, Jane 4 Trent, Samuel, 3 Robert,* Rich- 
ard 1 ), liorn Sept. 6, 1733, in Truro, Mass.; died , 1759, at sen ; married March 17, 

1767. Hum Dyer, baptized April 2, 173S, in Truro, and daughter of Jonathan Dyei . 
She married, second, , Joseph Cole of Truro, and her son, Joseph Cole, jr., bap- 
tized there Aug. 22, 1702, died Dec. 18, 1843, aged eighty four years, five months, seven 

days (gra\ estone, North Bucksport, Me.), who married Betsey , died May 9, 1848, 

aged eighty-three (gravestone, North Bueksport), was one of the first settlers in Bucks, 
port, and lived neighbor to Benjamin 7 Gross, his half-brother. For her third husband 

she married , Cornelius (?) Hamblen, of "Wellflcet, Mass. Mr. Gross was a sol- 

diet in the French and Indian war, and fought under the English General Wolfe, at the 
capture of Quebec from the French, Sept. — , 1759. lie died on hoard the transport on 
the passage from Cape Breton to Boston, and was buried at sen. lie never saw his son, 
Benjamin, who was horn during his absence. 

Children, horn in Truro : 

700. Hannah, 1 b. Dec. 23, 1757; bapt. Dec. 25, 1757; d. . in Hucksport, Me.; in., 1st. 

Nov. 2, 1777,, Capt. Reuben Rich, jr. (see 379) ; 2d, , Thomas Wiley. 

701. Bhxjamix, b. An;;. 15 (2. town record), 1759: bapt. Any. 26, 1759; d. Feb. 11, 1844; in. 

March 31, 1778, Mercy Hamblen. 

285 Hannah" Gross (Hannah 5 Freeman, Jane' 1 Trent, Samuel, 3 Robert* Rich- 
ard 1 ), born March 17, 1740-1, in Truro, Mass.; died ; married March 20, 1700, 


Children of John and Hannah Ridley, horn and baptized in Truro: 

792. Reuben," b, Nov. 14, 1760; bapt. March 22. 1701. 

793. John, b.Junc 9, 1764; bapt. July 8, 1764. 

794. Hannah Gkoss, b. June 17. 1766; bapt. June 29, 1766. 
7!i5. Nathaniel Mohtox, 1' Nov. 9, 176S; bnpt. Nov. 13, 17C8. 

700. Thomas, I UvinSib . Nov . 25il771 . bapt. Dec. IB, 1771. 

7'Ji . Elizabe i n, J 

798. Maktha, b. Dec. 25, 1774; bapt. Jan. 1. 1773. 

799. Dehohau, b. Jan. 22, 1777: bapt. March 23, 1777. 

800. Jekcsiia, 1). Nov. 23, 1779; bapt. Jan. 2, 17S0, 

289 James Lombard (Elizabeth 5 Freeman, Jane 4 Trent, Samuel, 3 Robert* Rich- 
ard 1 ), born March 31,1731, in Truro, Mass. ; died ; married, March 28, 1754, 

Thankful Dyer, baptized Nov. 8, 1741, when several years old, and daughtei of Sam- 
uel and Mary (Brown) Dyer. Both owned the church covenant Nov. to, 1754. 

Children, horn in Truro : 

801. Elizabeth, 1 b. July 9, 1754; bapt. Nov. 10, 1754. 

802. Thankful, Ij. June IS, 1756; bapt, July 18, 1750; d. young. 

803. Abigail, b. Sept. 7, 1758; bapt Oct. 8, 1758. 


804. Thankful, b. Nov. 3, 1760; bapt. Dee. 7, 17G0. 

805. Jane , 1). March 31, 1703; bapt. May 1, 1763. 
80G. Hannah, b. April 7, 1765; bapt. May 5, 1705. 

807. uu.r,, b. July 26, 1707; bapt. Aug. 30, 1767. 

808. Ari'lHA, 1>. Aug. 2.">, 1770; bapt. Oct. 7, 1770. 

294 Jaue n Lombard {Elizabeth 6 Freeman, Jane* Treat, Samuel? Robert? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born April 22, 1742, in Truro ; died ; married April 19, 17G4, Thachf.r 

Rich, baptized June 17, 1739, and son of Zaecheus and Ruth (Collins) Rich of Truro. 

Children of Thaeher and June Rich, born'in Truro: 

809. Kuril, 1 b. July 2, 1765; bapt. Nov. 21, 17G5. 

810. Elizabeth, b. July 17, 17(17; bapt. Aug. 23, 1767. 

811. Thaciiek, b. July i, 1770; bapt. Aug 12,1770. 

812. ZACCiisrs, b. ; bapt. Aug. S, 1773. 

813. Jenny, b. ; bapt. July 14, 177(1. 

814. Dinah, b. ; bapt. Dec. 15, 1781. 

300 Jonathan 6 Freeman (Jonathan, 5 Jane* Treat, Samuel? Robert? Richard 1 ), 

born May 18, 1734, in Truro; died ; married (published Nov. 28, 1759) Sakah 

Parker, of Falmouth, now Portland, Me. 

Children, the first born in Falmouth, the others in G orhnm, Me. : 

815. Sarah, 7 b. May 9, 1761; A. . 

81G. Jknnje, b. July 28, 1763; d. . 

817. Benjamin, b. June 18, 1705; d. ; m. , 1787. Eunice Sears. 

818. Rebecca, b. , 1707; d. . 

810. Susanna, b. , 1709; d. . 

820. Jonathan, b. Feb. 8, 1773; d. ; in. , 1704, Hannah Thompson. 

821. Ebkxezkr, b. April 8, 1775; d. ; in. Feb 3, 1700, Polly Prentiss. 

822. ArriHA.b. Dec. 6, 1777; d. . 

823. Joshua, b. , 1780; d. . 

312 Apphia 6 Freeman (JosJiua? Jane 4 Treat. Samuel? Robert? Richard 1 ), born 
April 2, 17-i.s, in Truro; died Aug. 4, 1 77 J , in Truro; married Aug. 16, 1768, Samuel 
Gross, baptized May 27, 171), and son of Israel and Elizabeth (Rich) Gross. For his 
second wife lie married June 30, 177(1, Mary Lewis, of Truro. 

Children of Samuel and Apphia Gross, born in Truro : 

824. Joshua Freeman,' b. Nov. 13, 1769; bapt. Nov. 19, 1769. 

825. ■ Elizabeth, b July 15, 1771; bapt. July 21. 1771. 
820. ISRAEL, b. ; bapt. July 31, 1774. 

315 Rebecca 1 '' Freeman (Joshua? Jane* Trod. Samuel? Robert? Richard 1 ), born 
Fell. (Jan. ?) 18, 1754, in Truro; died Sept. 5, 1790, in her thirty- seventh year (grave- 
stone, North Truro); married May 30, 177.">, as his first wife, Cornelius LosiBARn, 
born April 27, 1750, and son of Simon and Ainu; Lombard. For his second wife, he mar- 
ried March 29, 17S12, Mercy Harding, and had children by her baptized in Truro. 

Children of Cornelius and Rebecca Lombard, born in Truro: 

827. Benjamin Parker,' b. Dec. 6,1776; bapt. Feb. 9, 1777; d. , 1807, aged 31, on his pas- 
sage from South America. 
828." ArrniA Freeman, b. Dee 6, 1770; bapt. Dec. 12, 1770. 

829. Salome, b. ; bapt. Jan. 6, 1782. 

830. Rebecca, b. ; bapt. Feb. I, 1781. 

831. Sarah, b. ; bapt. Fee. 17, 17S6. 

832. Anna. b. ; bapt. Aug. 16, 1780. 



318 Capt. Jabez G Snow (Jabee, 5 Elizabeth 4 Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert,* Richard 1 ), 

born June 19, 1733, in Eastham, Mass.; died ; married May 22, 1755, Ehzabktu 

Doanb. llr was ensign in Capt. Peter West's company, at Fort Edward; was mustered 
Oct. 11, 175G ; second lieutcnanl in Capt. Samuel Knowlcs" company, Colonel Doty's Reg't 
for the reduction ofCanada, March 13, to Dec. 23, 1753; was captain in the 2d Barn- 
stable Reg't for the invas'on of Canada under General Amherst, April 13, 1750 ; was at 
Annapolis Royal, March 31,1759 to Dec, 1760; was captain in the 2d Barnstable Reg't, 
April 18, 171.1. 

Children, born in Eastham : ■■ 

833. Josiaii, 7 b Oct. 17,1755; Cl. . 

634. Hannah, b. Sept. 10, 1757; a. . 

324 Susanna 6 Mayo (Tabilha 5 Snow, Elizabeth 4 Treat, Samuel, 3 Hubert,* Rich- 
ard 1 ), horn June 11, 1739, in Eastham, Mass.; died ; married dan. — , 1775, 

John Mokes. 

Children of John and Susanna Mores, horn in Eastham: 

835 Tbeat,' 1). Dec. 5, 1775; d. ; m. . 

83G. l'licin-, b. Feb. 5, 1778; cl. . 

332 Capt. Samuel 6 SnOW (Samuel, 5 Elizabeth 4 Treat, Samuel, 3 Robed,? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born Oct. 12, 1735, in Eastham, Mass. ; died April — , 1774, aged thirty-eight, in 

Boston ; married , Sahau . The inventory of the estate of Samuel Snow, 

mariner, was dated May, 1771, and amounted to £445 Gs. £d. He owned seven-eighths 
of schooner Abigail valued at £350. His widow Sarah was appointed administratrix 
June 10, 1771. (Suffolk Probate.) Samuel Snow, ol Eastham, in his will dated July 17, 
1 775, mention'; three children of his son Samuel Snow of Boston, deceased, Samuel, Joshua, 
and Abigail. .May 5, 17.S1, John Doaue was appointed guardian of these children. 

Children, born in Boston and baptized in the Brattle-street church : 

837. Tkkat, 1 b. ; bapt. March 9, 17GG; cl. young probably. 

838. Samcki., b. ; bapt. Feb. 21, 176S. 

83'J. Joshua, b. ; bapt. Sept. 2, 177<>; cl. in infancy. 

810, Joshua, b. ; bapt. Nov. 20, 1772. 

841. Abigail Fkbe.max, b. aboul 1774. 

333 Mercy' 5 Snow (Samuel, 5 Elizabeth'' Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert,- Richard 1 .), born 

May S, 1737, in Eastham, Mass. ; died ; married (pub. Aug. — , 1702), Willard 

Kkowlks, 1 born Oct. 26, 1737. Think he was the representative from Wcllficet in 1767 
and 17(!s ? the town being then united with Eastham in the choice of representatives. 

■Rev. John' Knowlks, 1). in Lincolnshire, England ; cl ; m. , Elizabeth Willis, 

dau. ox Thomas Willis. He was educated at Magdalene College, Oxford ; came to .New England in 
lil.i'i: was minister at Watcrtown ; returned to England about 1G50, and was there in 1072. It is 
believed that lie had a son : 

Kicii-inn* Kxowlks, b. ; d. ■; in. , JG39, Ruth Bourne, ot Plymouth. Was in 

Plymouth in IG37; moved to Eastham in 1G53; was surveyor of highways in 1GG9, 1G70. Had live 
children, and perhaps more,— three sons and l wo daughters. His son : 

Capt. John 3, b. aboul l«5o; cl. , 1G75 ; in Dec. 2S, 1070, Apphia Ban/is, who m.,2d, 

Joseph Atwood. He was slain in the Indian Avar in 1G75. Had three' children,— two sons, and one 
dan His son : 

Col. .Ioiin' Kxowucs, b. July 10, IG73; cl. Nov. 3, 1757, in his 85th year (gravestone, Eastham) ; in. 

roijert treat: SIXTH GENERATION. 2()7 

Children ofWillurd and Mercy Knowlcs, born in East ham : 

842. TuitAT,' 1>. Oct. 25, 17G3; d May 29( according to town record) or 30 (gravestone), 17G5, 

in his second year (gravestone, Kastliam). 

843. Thkat, b. Oct. 20, 17GG; d. Oct. 29, 17GS, agjd 3 yrs. 7 raos. (?) (gravestone). 

844. Maisy, b. JulyS, 17G7 ; d. Sept. 29, 171.7. 
S45. WlU.Al!D, b. March 25, 17G9. 

84li. Amour,, b. May 29, 1771 ; d. , 1772, aged 9 inos. 

S47. Experience, b. March 7. 1771. 

848. NaTiianncL AtwoOd, b June 22, 1770. 

355 Lucy G Somes (Lucy* Rogers, S'araJi 4 Treat, Samuel? Robert? Richard 1 ), born 

about 1735, in Gloucester, Mass. ; died ; married Nov. 20, 1760, Buxjamix Rh n, 

born Feb. 17, 1737; died , and son of Zacohcus 3 and Ltutli (Collins) Rich of Truro. 

Children of Benjamin and Lucy Rich, born and baptized in Truro: 

849. Lucy,' b. Oct. 18, 17G] ; d ; m. Nov. 20, 1783, Jesse Avery. 

87.0. Hannah, 1). Sept. 22, 1764; d. ; m. — — ., Capt. John Rich. 

851. LyiHa, b. Nov. 17, 17GG. 

852. IIui.daii, b. June 11, 17G9; d. ; m. , Richard Baker, whod. June, 1811, aged 


853. Susanna Somks, b. Aug 29, 1771 ; d. Dec. 22, 1788, aged 17. in Truro. 

854. S.u.l.Y 1 Vision, b. Sept. 9, 177;'.. 

855. Bi'.n.iamix, b Dec. ] 2, 1775. 

85d. Neiiemiaii, b. Sept. 12, 177S; d. . (A Nchcmiah Some- Rich d. at sea in 1804.) 

356 Neliemiah Somes {Lnvf Rogers,* Treat, Samuel? Robert? RichanV), 
born about 1737; baptized Oct. 10, 1737, in Gloucester, Mass. ; died March 10,1812, 
in Boston ; married, first, Aug. 21, or Oct. 25, 1708, Susanna Winn:, baptized Sept. 0. 
1717, died Sept. 3, 1770, aged twcnty-lhree (gravestone, Copp's Hill), and daughter of 
John and Susanna White ; second, April 6, 1772, Sauah Piu-:srox, who died Oct. 19, 
1772, aged nineteen, and only child of John Preston, carpenter ; third, April 22, 1775, 
Elizabeth Dawes, born duly 22, 175G, died April 12, 17S7, aged thirty one, and daughter 
of Thomas and, Hannah (Blake) Dawes. Sir. Dawes was a very prominent man in Bos- 
ton. See the Dawes Genealogy. Alter the death of tie- father, probably, the family re- 
moved from ( iloucester to Boston, where Captain Somes became a merchant, and purchased 
goods of Treat & Pico as early as 1766, and was --till engaged in business in 1790. 
March M. 1774, he was chosen one of the wardens of the town, and Oct. 25, 1771, was 
erne of the ten .-elded to the ''Committee on Way- & Means for supplying the Poor." 
During the Revolution heengaged in privateering. Oct. 15, 1776, Jacob Williams, Neliemiah 
Somes, and others petitioned the Council for permission to lit out Ihe schooner Active as 
a privateer, and same day Andrew Gardner was commissioned as captain. (^\!ass. Ar- 
chives, 1C5 : 358.) Oct. 2, 1777, J, Williams and X. Somes again petitioned the Council 
to be allowed to lit out the brig Active, eighty-five tons, as a privateer, and Oct. 11, John 
F. Williams was made commander. (Mass. Archives, 167 : 313.) Aug. 13, 1769, wife Su- 
sanna was admitted to the covenant at the New North, church, and Mr. Somes was ad- 

, Mary . who d Nov. 7, 17 15, in her 73d year (gravestone, Rastham). Was a man of 

wealth and influence. Had eight children, —seven sons ami one daughter. His son : 

Co1.'Wii.t.ahi> s, b. Nov. G, 1711: el. March 11, 17SG, in his 75th year (gravestone, Kast- 
liam); m. May 10, 1733, Betliiali Atioood, who d March 9, 1789, in her 75Ui year (gravestone). lie 
■was town clerk in 17C0, and held the oilier for four years. Was lieu tenant colonel of the 2d Barn- 
stable Keg't in 17G3, and colon. -1 in 1771. His son: 

Wuxaiiu liSOWXEs, b. Oct 20, 1737; in. M,rof Snow, as above. 

2(58 ROBERT treat: sixth generation. 

milted June 7, \~,~rl. M ty 3, 1789, lie was dismissed to tlio Old South, which he joined 
June M, 1789. Son Thomas was appointed administrator of his estate, May 11, 1812. 
The inventory, dated Aug. 17, 1812, amounted to §15,092, a large sum in those clays. 
In 1 70s, ho resided in a wooden house, bounded east on Purchase street. 
Children, born in Boston, by his first marriage : 

857. John,'!). Sept. 17, 1769; bapt. Sept 24,1 760, in New North church; d. May 19, 1802, aged 32, 

in Dorchester, Mass. ; in. Sept 19, 1 7 J,"., 1 la una!. Dilloway. lie graduated at the lioston 
Latin school in 177U. 

By his third marriage : , 

858. Thomas, b. Jan 1,1777; bapt. Jan. 1?. 1777, in Now South church; d. , suddenly 

in the street. Graduated at the lioston Latin school in 1787. 

859. Sally, b. May 9, 1778; d. . 

860. Neijkmiaii, b. ; d. . Graduated at the Boston Latin school in 1791. 

357 Simon Gross (Elizabeth* Treat, Samuel, 4 Samuel, 3 Robert , 9 Richard 1 ), bom 

about 1731, in Truro, M;iss. ; baptized April 25, 17J1 ; died ; married Sept. 18, 1755, 

Lidia Hinckley, baptized March 1,1730, died Oct. 9, 1796, aged sixty-six, and daughter of 
Shuhae] Hlncklej, of Truro. 

Daughter, born and baptized in Truro: 

801. Eliz.mkth Tiseat.' b. Feb. C, 175S; bnpt. March 20, 1758; d. about 1813; m. March 11, 
1782, ElUha Eldridge. 

359 David 15 Harding (Joanna 5 Treat, Samuel; 1 Samuel 3 Robert* Eichard'), born 

about 1734, in Truro, Mass.; baptized July 11, 1736; died ; married , 

Sarah . lie was a joiner. Dee. 6, 1757, was of Truro, and appointed to admin- 
ister tin; estate of his .sister Betty Harding, single woman. He removed to Wellflcet. 

Children, born in Welliieet: 

802. Elizabeth,' b. Aug. 14, 17. r .G. 

803. Ki.kanmi, 1. July 7. 1759. 

864. David, b. March it. 1762. 

865. Jam:, b. Sept. 22, 1701. 

364 Anna 1 ' Treat (Robert,* Samuel, 4 Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born Aug. 13, 
1749, in Boston (according to a family record) ; died May 20, 1832, aged eighty (grave- 
stone, Haverhill), while her age is slated to have been eighty-three years, two month , 
twenty-four days, by a family record, neither of which is correct unless there is an 
error in the dale of birth; married March 12, 1771, Joseph 5 IIakuod, 1 of Boston, born 

1 The name IIaiirod is generally written it utwoon in the old records. Harwood was apparently 
contracted into llarrod, jusi as Norwich in England is pronounced Norrich. The children of ,tolui' 
llarrod were baptized in the New North church under the name of llarrod, but lb ;ir births arc recorded 
in the Boston records under the name of Harwood, with the exception of the llrsl two, who are re- 
corded under the name of Harrod. lie is called Harwood in the records of his first and second 
marriages, and llarrod in that of his third. 'I he ancestor of this family was probably 

John 1 IIauwood, b. , in England ; d. about 1635, iu London; in. .Elizabeth . lie 

was in Boston in 1645; made a freeman Maj 2, 1619; was n merchant tailor; was admitted to the 
First church Dec. 25, 1017, ami dismissi d March 10, 1072 3, to Mr. Greenil's [GreenhillV] church, 
London; sold his estate in Hostou to Thomas Scottow, Nov. 4, 1057, and was in London in 1077. 
Had (wo sons and two daugliters bapt. in the Kirs! church under the nan,.- of llarrod : 

Elizabeth,' b. : bapt. March 17, 1050; d. ; in. .Samuel Sedgwick, who went 

to Eugland as early as 1037, and was dead in 1033. 

Juhn.h. ; bapt. May 4, 1651. 


Nov. 4, 1717; died May 22, 1828, a^ed eighty (grave-stone, Haverhill), and son of 
Benjamin an 1 Plicbo (Stevens) II irrod. Site was noted for her beauty, and was a most 
amiable and lovely person. Ml'. 1 1 arm I was a manufacturing jeweller, and soon after 
1772, moved to Haverhill, where his father owned some property. In April, 1780, he 
was admitted a member of the Haverhill Fire S >ciely, organized in 1 768, and composed of 
the most respectable citizens, for the purpose of protecting each member's property from 
theft, as well as from fire. In 1798, lie was a householder to the value of S1000. Was 
an intimate friend of General Knox, and entertained General Washington at his house, 
Nov. 4-5, 1789, when he visited HaverhilJ. He kept a public liouse, and his sign was a 
painting representing the Freemason's Arms. In commemoration of Washington's visit, 
a memorial stone was erected on the site of the tavern, in front of the present City Hall, 
at the 250th anniversary of Haverhill, July 2, 3, DsfJO. The family was remarkable for 

Children of Joseph and Anna Ilarrod, the first born in Boston, the others in Haver- 

lirzckiah, b. April 17, IG-'iS; bapt. May 1, If.."..!; d. June 25, IG54. 

Anna, (or Hannah, as she is called elsewhere), b. March G, \a:,:,- bapt. March 11, 1G53; in. 
■ , Ralph Manwaring. 

The will of John Harwood of London, Merchant, dated Nov. 13, 1GS4, proved June 23, 1GS5, was 
printed In the Now England Hist, and Genealogical Register, Vol. xlii, pp. 64-G5. Mentions wife 
Elizabeth; children Jacob, Joseph, Elizabeth Sedgwick, John, and Hannah Maiiwaring. Also 
Thomas Harwood, his brother, of Xew England, Nathaniel, no relationship stated, but a 
brother, of Concord in 1705, and several others. Savage suggests that he was a son of Gkokok 
Hauwood, the first treasurer of the Massachn setts Company. John, son of George and Jam- 1 lar- 
wood \\as bapt. July 4, !G3D, in the First church. But in that case he would have been only 1 1 yrs. 
old when hi- daughter Elizabeth was born. 

liis son .)<m s,- A\as alive in Boston in 1077, ami in New England in 1(18-1. According to Bo-ton 
town and church records, there was a John Harwood called Ilarrod in one case, who m. , Han- 
nah , and , Susannah . Whether this John Harwood was the sonof the {.reed- 
ing, and had two wives, I am unable to prove. By wife Hannah he had a son John. 1>. June ■'■, lGi 7. 
Who was perhaps 

Jons 3 HaewOOO, or Harhod, b. ; d. , 175."., in Bo-ton; in., 1st, April 25, 170G, Mcliit 

able Hopkins, who d. Dee. 24. 1711 ; 2.1, June in, 1712. Mary Carter, who was admitted to the Sec- 
ond church, July 10, 1715; 3d, Mays, 1740, ElUahrth Paine, lie was a baker. Was admitted to 
the Second church; Feb. 24, 1711-2; dismissed to the Xew North church, Oct. 23. 1720, where he 
was admitted April 3, 1721: anddismissed back to the Second church, Nov. 10 17.'.".. His Willis da- 
ted Jan. 13, 1755, and probated Feb. II, 17.".:.. Mentions wife Elizabeth ; grandchildren John, Ben- 
jamin, Jonathan, Joseph, and Jam. - Harrod. who received lands at North \ a; mouth ; Samuel, Dean, 
Susannah, Hannah, and John Osgood; Jonathan, Mehitable, Elizabeth and Mary Luke. Son Ben- 
jamin was appointed administrator. Children born in Boston, and baptized in the Second church : 

M-hitable,* b. April 2;, 1707; bapt April 27, 1707; d. ; m. July 9, 172s, Israel Locke. 

He was published June 12, 172.S, as Israel Looke, and called Luke in the will. 

Sncll, b. ; bapt. Aug. 21, 1700; d. ill infancy. 

John, b. March 10, 1712:',; bapt. March 15, 1713. 

Benjamin, b. Jan. 4, 1711-.'.; bapt. Jan. 10, 1714-5; d. Dec. 31,1780; in. June 17, 173G, flicbcSte- 

Snell, b. May 10, 1710; bapt. May 20, 1710. 

Mary, b. June G, 1717 ; 1. apt. June 9, 1717; m. Dec. 30 1700. Dean Osgood. 

Susannah, b. April On. 1718; bapt. May II, 1718; m. Feb. 0. 1700, Joseph How. 

Hannah, b, April 27, 1720; bapt. May I. 172o ; d. ; m. May 1, 17-10, Witter Cuminings. 

BBN.i.v\lt.vMlAiiuoo, b. Jan. 4, 1711-5; d. Da-..".]. 1780 (gravestone, in Ncwb-.iryport, Mass."), 
where he died while on a visit to his son Benjamin; in. June 17, I73G, Phehe Slrvciis, of Andovor, 
Where they were married by Rev. John Barnard, and daughter of Benjamin and Hannah (Osgood) Ste- 


SG6. Maiiy, 1 b. Jun< 11, 1772; cl. Jan. 13, ISilj in \prii 13, 1S11, William Grccnough. 
867. Anna.I). April 25, 1771; cl. Sept 5, 1S45; m May 7, 1805, Judge Thomas Boylston Ad- 

8GS. Elizabeth Makstox. b June 8, 177G; cl. June 10, 1862; m. , Chester Stebbins, of 

the firm of Grcenough ,\ Stebbins, printers, Boston. 
8G9. Samuel Tkkat, b Aug. 17, 1778; d. Oct 1, 1S02, aged 24, In Calcutta, where he had been 

for two years in the East India Company's service. 
(-'70. Joiix, b. Aug. 30, 1780; d. Oct. 19, 1797, drowned on his passage from Copenhagen. 

871. Fcaxces, b. Sept. 21, 1782; d March 22, 1S72 ; in. , I'iiineas Foster, a merchant of 


872. Joseph, b. April 22. 1785; cl. Oct. 29, 1875; m. Sept. 27, 1807, Eliza Cox. 

873., b. Nov. 18. 1787; cl. Sept. 23, 1870; in , Is:, March 7, 1811, Hannah Kolf Day- 

ton; 2d, Dec. 10, 1836, Mary Morgan. 

874. William Dinky, b. April 9, 1790; d. Dec. 22, 179.5 i gravestone, Haverhill). 

875. James Hexkt, b. July 24, 1795; d. March 29, 1802 (gravestone, Haverhill). 

373 Robert" Rich (Robert, 5 Mary* Treat, Samuel* Robert? Richard 1 ), born Sept. 
12, 1787, in that pan of Eastliam now called YVellfleet, Muss. ; died about 1765 ; married 
Jan. 27, 1757, SIauy Swett, who was appointed administratrix of liis estate, April 2o, 

Children, horn in Eastliam, now Wellfleet: 

876. Bkxjamix, 7 b. Nov. ::. 1759; d. . 

877. Kuth, b. Aug 21, 1762; cl Dec. 1, 1810; m. Nov. S, 1781, William Witherell. 

379 Reuben Rich {Robert, 5 Man/ Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born Aug. 12, 
] 752, in Truro or Wellfleet, Mass. ; died in ■ ; married Nov. 2, ] 775, as her first 

vens. She was admitted to (he New North church, Boston, March 20, 173C-7, and d. ; 2d, Dec. 

1, 1787, Mrs. Marti Sittonstall. By her previous sli ■ hid tln-32 children. Mr. tlarrod af- 
terwards removed to Haverhill. lie owned -1 ives there jii 1753. March 1. 17152, the General Court 
of Massachusetts granted a township of land on the Penobscot, to David Marsh and others. Among 
the number were Benjamin Harrod and his two sons, Benjamin and James, and a Joshua Harrod. In 
1763, Benjamin Harrod (probably the Ben j. Harrod at Port Pownall 17G1-7, Harrod, Treat and 
McKcnzie were in company there in 1761 ";. and .lame- Duncan were appointed agents for the town- 
ship. Children, horn in Boston, and baptized in the \'e\\ North church: 
Phebe,'b. April 1C, 1737; bapt. April 17, 1737; cl. May 12, 1740. 
John, I). Jan. 3, 1738-9 j bapt. .Ian. 7. 173S-9. 

Benjamin, b. June 4, 1741 ; bapt. June 7. 17 41 : d. Nov. 11, 1793, aged 52; m. , Mary . 

They had ten children, l'hebe, next to the youngest, h. Aug. 2s, 17SG, in N'ewburyport, celebra- 
ted her 100th birthday, Aug. 28, 1S8G, and cl. Oct. 19, 1SS7, in her 102d year, in N'ewburyport. 
She was the first native of that city lo reach that ace, and was in good health and quite smart. 
Her sister Harriet cl. in 1879, aged 90. 
Jonathan, b. March 5, 1742-3; bapt. March 13, 1742-3; cl. March — , 1742-3. 
Susanna, b. March 10, 1742.-4; bapt. March is, 1743-1; d. May 12, 17:..".. 
Jonathan, b. Jan. 27, 1745; bapt. Feb. 2, 1745-G; d. Jan. 12, 1775, drowned on the Hast branch of 

the Penobscot river, Me. 
Josrph,h. Nov. 1, 1717: bapt. Nov. 8, 1747; m, Anna Treat, as above. 
Witter Cnmmings, b. Sept. 5, 1749; bapt. Sept. 10, 1749; d. Sept. — , 1749. 

James, b. Dec. 10, 1751; bapt. Dec. 15, 176] ; cl. . 

Mart/, b. Dee. 8, 1752; d. (.let.—, 1791; in. , Samuel Bliss, a widower, and had several 

Witter Cummtngs, b. March 18, 1754; d. April ,",, 1754. 
Ph cbe, b. July 31, 1755; bapt. Aug. 3, 1755; m., 1st, Nov. 10, 176G, John Barnard; 2d, , 

Dorothy, b. ; bapt. Jan. IG, 1757; d. . 


husband, Hannah 7 Guoss (790), born Doc. 23, 1757; died , in Nortli Bueksport, 

Me., and daughter of Benjamin and Ruth (Dyer) Gross, of Truro. After the death of 
her husband, she removed to North Bueksport, about the linn 1 her brother Benjamin did, 

where she married, second, , Thomas "Wiley, by whom she had issue. 1 have been 

unable to get the record. Her grandson Isaac Uich, late of Boston, presented the Con- 
gregational church of North Bueksport with a silver communion service, in memory of 
his grandmother. 

Children, born in Truro or Wellfleet: 

878. Bbxjamix,' b. Sept. 23, 177G ; d. ,- ; m. March 17, 1796, Deborah Avery. Ills intention 

of marriage was published Feb. 25, 179G, where he is called Benjamin Rich, but was 
married under the name of Benjamin Gross Rich. 
870. Roman-, b .Ian. 19, 177S; d. Oct. 24, 1820; m. Sept.. 10, 1801, Eunice Harding. 
880. Isaac Bakeii, b. Dec. 27, 1770; d. .Ian. 15, 1813; m. Nov. 10, 1802, Azubali Witherell. 

381 Richard' 1 Rich (John, 5 Mary* Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born July 
28, 1730, in Truro, "Mass. ; died March 12, 1780, aged fifty-seven ( ':) (gravestone, Truro) ; 
married Nov. 19, 176J, Lombard, baptized July 12, 174.1 ; died Sept. — , 1811, 
aged seventy, and (laughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Binney) Lombard. His will was 
probated April 11, 1786. Widow Rebecca and son .John Rich, 3d, were administrators. 
Children ail alive then but Abraham. 
Children, born and baptized in Truro: 

881. John,' Ij July 7, 17C3; bapt Oct. 9, 17G3; d. ; m. . 

SS2. Richard Seaks, b. Nov. 17. 17GG; bapt. March 15, 17G7; d. Jan. 15, 1844, aged 77; m. 
Dec. 18, 1792, Mary Rich d. June 11, 1SGS, aged 9-1 yrs. 9 moa II das. (g. s., Truro) 
and dan of Jesse and Abigail (Young) Rich. 
883. Pbi-EU, 1). Dee. 2G, 1768 ; bapt. March 19, 17G'J ; d Feb. 11, 1795, ttged 26. 
881. Thomas, b Dae. 24, 1770; bapt. March 24, 1771; cl. Feb. 25, 1885, aged Go; m . 1st, Sept. 
25, 1703, Sirah Paine, d. April 10, 181G, aged 40; 2d, Sept. 19, 181G, I-luldah Baker, 
who cl. April 30, 1841, aged 72. 

885. Rebecca, b. March 23, 1773; bapt. May 9, 1773; d. ; m. Sept. 13, 1792, John 

880. Samuel, b. Feb. 13, 177:.; bapt. April 16. 1775. 

887. Abraham, b. ; bapt. April 6, 1777; d. . 

888. Reuben, b. ; bapt April 4. 1779; d. . 

889. Ephhaim Doane, 1). Feb. 15, 1782; bapt. .May 26, 1782; d. April 29, 1853, aged 71 (g. S., 

North Truro); in., 1st, March 5, 1805, Mehitable Atwood, of Wellfleet, who d. June 
25, 1S25, aged -11 (g. s, North Truro); 2d, Nov. 27, 1S25, Elizabeth Lombard; 3d, 
. , Betsey who d. Jan., 24, 1841, aged G9. 

385 Hope" Rich (John,* M try* Twit, S-im>id, 3 Ribzrt* Richard), born Feb. 19, 
1742, in Truro, Mass. ; died in Truro, June 1.1, 1789, aged forty-seven; married March 
15, 1701, Noah Mayo, born , 1743-d ; died , and son of Noah and Alary (dish- 
ing) Mayo. 

Children of Noah and Hope Mayo, bom and baptized in Truro: 

800. Noah, 7 b. ; bapt. Nov. 23, 1737; d. Nov. 15, 1803, in Truro, at the house of his 

brother; m. . lie removed to Harpswell, Me. 

891. Neiikmiah Dqake, b. ; bapt. Feb. 11, 1770; d. ; m. Malatiah Rich. 

892. Thomas, b. ; bapt. March 1. 1772 ; ra. , Sabra Rich. 

833. Mahy, b. ; bapt. Dee. 25, 177^; in. , Zohoth Smith. 

801. JOHN, b. ; bapt. March !), 1777; in. , 1738, Hannah Rich. 

895. Samuel, b. ; bapt. March 5, 1780; d. in infancy. 


89(1. Jknny, or Jane, 1). ; bipt. May 30, 1784; d. ; m. , Moses Paine. 

897. Samuel, b. ; bapt. Sept. 28, 17SS; d. ; m. , 1810, Tir/.ah Wiley, of 


386 Betty n Rich (John, 5 Mary 4 Trod, Samuel, 3 Robert* RichanP), born Feb. 23, 
1750, in Tm io, Mass. ; died Nov. 15, 1700, in her forty-first year (gravestone, North 
Truro) ; married Nov. 2, 1772, as his first wife, Ambrose Snow, jr., who died July 17, 
1823, aged seventy -seven (gravestone, North Truro); for his second wife he married, 

, Iluldah , who died March 29, 1816, aged sixty-nine (gravestone, North 


Children, of Ambrose and Bettj Snow, born and baptized in Truro: 

898. Leonard, 7 b. ; bapt. Aug. It, 1774; d. Jan. 2, 1788. 

899. Id. i i v, b. ; bapt. May 19, 177G. 

900. Thankful, b. ; bapt. Oct. 4, 1778. 

901. Anna, b. ; bapt. Oct. 22, 1780. 

902. BiCHAim Kicii, 1). ; bapt. July 27, 1783; (1. Jan. 13, 1809, aged 28, at sen. 

903. Joseph, b. ; bapt. Sept. 10, 17SG. 

388 Martha Rich (Reuben, 5 Mary 4 Treat, Samuel* Robert,* Richard}), born June 
5,174 2, in Easlham, now Welifleet, Mass.; died- — ; married March 25, 1702, Jo- 

SIab Rich, of Truro, Mass.. born July 24, 1741, died , 1780, and son of Obadiah 

and Mary (Crowell) Rich. She was the daughter of rsaac. granddaughter of Thomas, 
and great granddaughter of Yclverton Crowell, of Yarmouth, Mass. Nov. 8, 1780, Isaac 
Rich, of Truro, was appointed guardian ofHezekiah, Josiah and Henry Rich, children of 
Josiah, and grandchildren of Obadiah Rich. 

Children ol Josiah and Martha Rich, born in Welifleet: 

904. 7a .ii i.t.i,"' b. Sept. 15, 1702. 

005. HitZEKJAn, b. ; d. Oct. 25, 1817; ra. , Sarah Winslow Smith. 

006. Josiah, b. ; A. May IG, 1815; in., 1st, , Ruth Smith; 2d, Nov. 11, 1805, Zeru- 

iah Smith. 
90V. IIf.-nky, b. May 28, 1771 ; (1. July 5, 1816; m. Dee. 24, ISO;,, Cliloe Atwood. 

391 Capt. Reuben" Rich (Reuben, 5 Mar;, 4 Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ). 
bom Aug. 23, 1748, in East'nain, now Welifleet, Mass. ; died Jan. 24, 1819, in his seventy- 
first year (gravestone, Welltleet) ; married Ma\ 23, 1802, Anna Thayer, of Truro, who 
died March 3, 1849, aged seventy-five (gravestone, Welifleet). His will is dated Feb. 7, 
1811 ; probated Aug., 1819. Mention made of wife Anna and her three daughters. 

Children, born in Welifleet : 

00!). :eiM, ; b. Dec. ::, 1S02; d. Feb. 21, 1SS0; m. April 10, 1S21, Napthali Rich. 

010. Thankful, b. June 4, 1804 ; d. ; m. April 8, 1S23, l)a\ id Baker. 

911. Eliza, b. Jan. IS, 1809. 

392 Ruth Rich (Reuben, 5 Mary 4 Treat, Samuel, 3 Robert* Richard 1 ), born Nov. 
17, 1750, in Hastha.n, now Welifleet, Mass.; died Aug. 20, 1823, in Welifleet; married, 
Oct. 25, 1770, Daniel Coa kll. 

Children or Daniel and Ruth Covell, born in Welifleet: 

912. M.vuy.' b Nov. 10, 1771 ; d. : m. between Aug. 1? mid Nov. 11, 1790, Jesse Smith 

913. Mi iirv, b. Nov. 8, 1773; d. ; in April 10, 1792, Sylvnmis Tower. 

914. SaUha, b. April G, 1770: ,1. ; m. 1'eli. 2G, 1795, (Hive C. Lombard. 

915. Samuel, b. Aug. 7, 177S; d. Oct. 9, 1.S03; m. .March 30, 1802, 1'hebe Brown. 


inc.. Danibi,, b. March 12, 1781 ; d. . 

917. Ruth, b. Fob. 25, 17S3; d. ; in. Dec. 7, 1802, Howes Atwood. 

918. Anir.Aii.. 1). Sept. 1, 1787; d. May 3, 137U ; m. Jan. 23, 1S10, Nebemiali M. Ryder. 

393 Elisha" Rich (Reuben? Mary 4 Treat, Samuel,* Robert? Richard 1 ), born Jan. 
27, 1753, in Kastham, now Wellfleet, Mass.; died Nov. 11, 1836, in Wellfleet; married 
Dec. 21, 1775, Hannah Snow, ofEaslham, who died Oct. 18, 1822, in Wellfleet. 

Cliildren, burn in Wellfleet: 

919. Fl.IsUA,' b. Jan. 27, 1777; d. Nov. 11, 1S30; in. Nov. 25, 1802, Susanna Cillioon. 

020. Dkuokah, b. Oct. 13, 1779. 

921. Hannah, b. Sept, 16, 1782; d. ; in. Feb. 25, 1S0G, James Carlisle, of Proviucctown, 


922. Sylyanus, b. June 17, 1785; d. Dec. -1, 1831; in. Dee. 12, 1802, Martha Ryder. 

923. Rkuke.m, b. June 27, 1786. 

921. IsKAKL, b. Dee. 1, 1790. 

925. Naxcy, b May 25, 1793; d ; in. Oct. 21, 1816, Freeman Cobb, of Truro. 

926. William Hatch 

927. Dan Covell, 

928. Amos Kxowles, b. April 28, 1799 

"-"• - twins, b. March 3, 1797 
927. Dan Covell, I 

334 Capt. Isaac'"' Ricll {Reuben? Mary 4 Treat, Samuel? Robert? Richard 1 ), born 
April 17, 1755, in Easlliam, now Wellfleet, Mass.; died June 29, 1813, in his fifty-ninth 
year (gravestone, Wellfleet); married Oct. 30, 1783, Sarah II on; in.-, of Wellfleet, who 
died Marc!) 17, 1835, in her eightieth year (gravestone, AVcllfleet). His will was dated 
June. 20, 1813; probated Out. 1 1, 1813. Mentions wife Sally, sons Aaron, Isaac, Tlico- 
philus, Seili, Samuel, and Uriah 11. ; daughters Rutliy and Sally. 

Children, born in Wellfleet: 

929. Aaron, 7 b. July i, 1781 ; d. Nov. 12, 1819; ra. , Temperance . 

930. Rum, b. Aug. 22, 1787. 

931. Isaac, Ij. Sept. 1, 1789; d. ; m. July 15, 1815, Mercy Pike. 

932. Hopkins, b. Aug. 23, 1791 ; d. ; in. Aug. 10. 1813, Deliverance Perry. 

933. Sbtii, b. Aug. 21, 1793; d. ; m. Sept, 10. 1810, Eunice II. Bacon. 

931. Sally, b. Aug. 22, 179G; d. ; m. Jan. 3, 1815, Richard 1'. Lombard, of Truro. 

935. Samuel, b. July 12, 1798; d. ; m. Nov. 13, 1821, Dolly L. Rich 

930. 1 UIAll IIoiuciNS, li. Aug. 12, 1800. 

399 Levi Stevens {Richard? Abigail' 1 Treat, Samuel? Robert? Richard 1 ), born 
May 5, 1748, in Truro, Mass.; died March 15, 1829, in his eighty-second year (grave- 
stone, North Truro) ; married Oct. 19, 1772, Anna Snow, baptized April 2S, 1751, died 
Sept. 6, 1S30, aged eighty (gravestone, North Truro), and daughter of Deacon Anthony 
and Sarah (Paine) Snow. They both owned the covenant. May 1, 1771. Mr. Stevens 
was chosen town clerk in 1791, and served for two years ; selectman in 1797, and served 
for nine years, and representative for the year 1S00. 

Children, born and baptized in Truro: 

937. Amour, 7 b. Jan. 5, 177-1; bapt. May 1, 1774; d. June 15, 1811; in. Oct. 4, 1792, Joseph 


938. Jo-NAII, b Dee. 1, 1775; bapt. Jan. 21, 1776; d. Nov. 17, 1859; in., 1st, Nov. 28, 1799, 

Hannah Scllow ; 2d, , Mercy Sellcw. 

939. RlcilAKl), b. Fob. 13, 1778; bapt. Feb. 22, 1778; d. May 1, 1799, ill his 22d year, by drown- 

ing (g. s., North Truro) ; unin. 

940. Mahy Gitoss, b. June 27, 1780; bapt. July 9, 1780; d. ; in. May 10, 1799, Samuel 



041. Henry,!). Si'pt. 1, 1782; bapt. Sept. s, 1782; d. July 10, 1853; m. April 3, 1808, Rebecca 
Smith Newcomb. 
912. SaiMI Snow, b. Dec. 3, 178* j bilpt. March 27, 1785. 
943. Anna. b. June 20, 1787; bapt, July I, 17S7; d. ; in. Doc. 13, 1817, Francis Small. 

044. Levi, b. Sept. 1, 1789; bapt. Nov. 8, 1789; d. Oct. 1, 1S52; m. Aug. 25, 1812, Mehitable 


045. John, b. Jan. 14, 1792; bapt, April 8, 1792; d. Aug. 21, 1830, lost at sea; nWan. 23, 1817, 

Tolly Coan. 

946. Betsy, b. ; bapt. April C. 1794 ; d. Dec. 10, 1795, aged 1 yr. 11 mos. 

4.00 Richard'* Stevens {Richard/ Abigail 4 Treat, Samuel,* Robert? Richard*). 

born April 22, J751, in Truro, Mass.; died ; married , Mekcy . 

Son, born in Provincetown, Mass., and baptized in Truro : 

947. Kiaiw.n.' b. July 21, 1771; bapt. Nov. 3. 1771. 

407 Richard'' Collins (Jerusha 5 Stevens, Abigail* Treat, Samuel,* Robert? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born June '2d, 1743, in Truro, Mass.; died ; married ■ — , Rebecca 

Children, born and baptized in Truro: 

948. Jekusiia, 1 1). Aug. 21, 17G8; bapt. Dec. IS, 17G8. 

949. Mercy, b. Jan. 16, 1770; bapt. March 25, 1770. 

408 Benjamin" Collins (Jerusha 5 Stevens, Abigail 11 Treat, Samuel? Robert? 

Richard 1 ), born April 10, 1740, in Truro, Mass. ; died ; married, lirst, , 

Elizabeth , who died April 15, .1771, in her twenty -second year; second, Jan. 23, 

1772, Rachel 6 Lombard, born April 20, 1719, and daughter of James and Elizabeth 5 
(Freeman) Lombard. She and her husband owned the covenant at Truro, March 28, 
177:1. He was one of the selectmen in 1769, and served in that office seven years. Will 
(hited Jan. 17, 1825 ; probated March 31. 1831. Mentions wife Rachel ; children : Betsey, 
wife of Henry Oyer; Rebecca, wife of Nathaniel Atkins; Jenny, wife of Isaiah Cole; Je- 
j'usha, wife of George Collins, Joanna Parker, Rachel Collins,, .and sons 
Michael and Stephen — Micah and Stevens, in the baptismal record — who are executors. 
Also two grandchildren, Betsey, wife of Charles A. Brown, and Paul Dyer, children of 
daughter Betsey. He is styled '•yeoman" in the will. 

Children, born and baptized in Truro : 

950. Betty, 1 b. ; bapt. .March 28, 1773; d. ; m. , Henry Dyer. 

951. Rebecca, b. ; bapt. Feb. 5, 177".; d. ; m. , Nathaniel Atkins. 

952. Joanna, b. ; bapt. March 9, 1777 ; d. ; m. , Parker. 

953. RACHEL, b. ; bapt. Jan. 31, 1778; d. ; num. 

954. Mi.-.oi, 1). ; bapt. Jan. 14, 1781. 

955. Stevens, 1 twins, b. ; bapt. May 23, 1783; { , T 

956. Jaxb, or Jkkxy, J " I <■'■ ; i»- , Isaiah Cole. 

957. Mkhcy, b. ; bapt. Sept. 10, 17Sfi; d. ; num. 

95S. Al'l'iilA, b. ; bapt. Aug. 12, 1787 ; d. Dec. 30, 1799, aged 12. 

959. Jekusiia, b. ; bapt. Aug. 28, 1780; d. ; in. , George Collins. 

410 Treat'' Collins (Jerusliafi Stevens, Abigail 1 Treat, Samuel? Robert? Rich- 
ard 1 ), born Feb. IG, 1718-9, in Truro, Mass. ; died ■ ; married April 9, 1774, Jam; 

Sakah b Com-. (490), horn Feb. 15, 1752, died — — , and daughter of Joseph and 
Rachel 5 (Treat) Cobb. Both owned the covenant April 9, 1775. 

Children, 'nun and baptized iii Truro: 


!)G0. Eiciuhd,' b. Nov. 30, 1 77-1 ; bapt April 0, 1775. 

961. Ebexkzeii, b. March 21, 1777; bapt. May 4, 1777; died in 1704, aged 17, on his passage 

from the Grand Banks. 

9fi2. Sarah, b. March 14, 1779; bapt. May 9, 1779. 

963. Fur.ioux Cobb, b. ; bapt. .lime- 2, 17S2. 

IT,-]. Abigail, b. Oct. 7. 1784; bapt. March 27, 1785. 

9fi5. Sii.yaXis, b. .Tidy 29, 1787 : bapt. Sept. 23, 1787. 

96G. Betty, b. ; bapt. Dec. 2, 1792. 

907. Ebexezek, b. ; bapt. July 19, 1 795. 

428 Ebenezer 6 Gross (Abigail 5 Trial, Joseph,* Samuel? Robert? RichanV) ,hav\\ 
about 1738; baptized Jan. 8, 1737-6, in Boston; died about 180G, in Oiiand, Me ; mar- 
ried Nov. 21, 17G3, II annaii Bitows, of Truro. He was a citizen of Boston when married, 
but soon removed lo Truro. He afterwartts removed to Oiiand, where his brother, Jo- 
seph, resided. We find in the Hancock probate records, an inventory of the estate of 
Ebenezer Gross, of Orland, yeoman, consisting of real estate, $1085, and personal estate, 
£275. Oct. 8, 1806, widow Hannah was appointed administratrix. 

Children, born and baptized in Truro, except perhaps the seventh: 

9G8. Mercy,' b. ; bapt. Dec. 16, 1764; d. ; m. , James Blaisdel. Dad a large 

9G9. JonxB.,b. ;bapt. Aug 31,1766; d. April 20, 1858, in Bucksport, aged 93 ; m. , 

Polly True-worthy. Children born in Orland, and also recorded in Bucksport, where 

he afterwards resided, as bom in Orland: 

1. Edward True worthy 8 Gross, b. May 31, 1796; d. Feb. 24, 1857; m. Sept. 3, 1822, 

Irene* Treat. .See 17£>0. 

2. Elijah Gross, b. April 10, 1798; d. . 

3. Catharine Gross, b. April 4, 1800; d. ; m. (pub. June 15, 1S16), Thomas 

Snow, of Bucksport. 

4. Sally Gross, b. June 25, 1802; d. , 1821, aged 19, unm. 

5. Charlotte Gross, b. Sept. 13, 1804; d. ; in. , Theophilus Batchclder. 

6. John Gross, b. Nov. 21, 180G: d. , 1S42; in. (pub. May 4, 1834), Caroline 

Gross, of Orland. His will is dated Jan. 5. 1S42 ; probated Feb. 2, 1842. 
Mentions an infant child, Augusta Gross, under 18, who was alive August 3, 
1859, father John B. Gross, mother Polly Gross, brother Edward, and sisters 
Charlotte Batchelder, and Catharine Snow. 

7. Dow/.illa (Duizilla in Bucksport records, and Drusilla in family record) Gross, 

b. May 21, 1810; cl. , num. 

970. Ebexezer, b. : bapt. Nov. 26. 1769; d. ~. unm. 

971. Philip, b, ~: bapt. Dee. 29, 1771; d. Jau. 17. 1793, "Tuesday night or Wednesday 

morning at four of ye clock," aged 22, (27?) years. There are two entries of this event 
in the Orland records. Unm. 

972. Simon, b. ; bapt. Nov. 7,1773; d. Nov. 29, 1857, aged 82 (?), (g. s., Orland old 

cemetery); m. July 31, 1800, Elizabeth Williams, who died .Inly 17, Is to. aged 05 (g. s., 
Orland). Their son, Avery, d. Nov. 14, 1840, aged 37 (g. s). Had 8 children.— sons, 
5 dan. 

973. Abigail, b. ; bapt. July 20, 1777; d. ; in. (pub. March 14. 1797) Edward 

Trueworthy, or Trcworgy. 

974. Sally, b. about 1780 ; d. Dec. 14, 1820, aged 40; in. Dec. 15, 1S05. Amos' Treat. Sec 


459 Joseph' 1 Gross (Abigail* Treat, Joseph,* Samuel? Robert,- Richard 1 ), born 

Dec. 20, 1739. in Boston, Mass.; died Jan. — , 1817, aged eighty (?), copied from :i 
newspaper extract in the Bangor Historical Magazine, Vol. 6, 1891, p. 15G, in Orland. 
Me. ; married ■ , Taihth.a Goouell, of Frankfort, Me. He is said to have married 


while a soldier at Fort Pownall. Mr. Gross was a soldier at Fort Georges, according to 
the muster rolls, from May 31, 1758 to Aug. 23, 1758. His uncle Joshua Treat was al- 
ready armorer there, and that is probably the reason why Mr. Gross enlisted as a soldier. 
He was also a soldier at Fort Pownall according to the muster rolls, from Aug. 25, 1700 to 
July 5, 1701, and from Jan. 20, 1701 to Oct. 17, 1701. March 1, 1702, the petition of 
David Marsh and three hundred fifty-nine others for a tract of land for settlement was 
granted, and six townships, of six miles square each, between the Penobscot and St. 
Croix rivers was allowed. The township of Orland was formerly called No. two, or Ala- 
masook. It is said that it was granted to Robert Treat, a cousin of Joshua Treat, and 
others of Boston, and was incorporated as a town, Feb. 21, 1810, nutlet the name of Or- 
land. Joseph Gross was the first white set (let in the new township in 170 I, and settled on 
Gross' Point. His son Zachariah was the first white child born there, in 1766. 

Children, the first born at Fort Pownall, the others in Orland. In the Orland record 
of his children, from which this is taken, someone has written, "This is not right," with- 
out staring where the error is : 

975. Josicph,' b. Oct. — , 17G3; d. ; ra. •, Lucy Limphier, of Bucksport. Children, 

bovn in Orland i 

1. James 8 Gross, b. Feb. 6, 1701. 

2. Sniimol Gross, b. Jan. 11, 1702. 

3. Joshua Gross, b. Dee. 20, 179C. 

4. Charaplain Gross, b. May 4, 1700. 

5. Nathan Gross, b. Oct.. -1, 1800. 
C. Stephen Gross, b. Jan. 2, 1803. 

7. William Gross, b. April 22, ISO.".. 
97G. Z.u'iiaiiiaii, b. Aiis;-.—, 170fi ; d. July 22, 1846, aged 70 (g. s, Cape Cod settlement, 

Bucksport, Me.) ; ra. , Lucy Lawrence, of Castine, Me . who d. May 11, 1S1G 

(:;. s., Bucksport). Among those who are said to have unlawfully occupied lots on 
the Waldo Patent at Frankfort, when possession was taken by the attorney for the 
heirs Oct. 20, 1793, I find the name Zaccheus Gross, doubtless an error for Zachariah 
Gross. Children born in Orland: 

1. Rebecca" Gross, b, Jan. 1G, 1780. 

2. Zachariah Gross, b. May 2, 1791. 

3. Deborah Gross, b. March 18, 1795. 
i. Benjamin Gross, 1>. Jan. 1, 1709. 
5. Tabitha Gross, b. May 11, 1801. 

fi. Lucy Gross, b. Sept. 7, 1803. 

7. Lowranna Gross, 1). March 29, 1805. 

8. Lydia Gross, b. March 29, 1S07. 

077. JOSHUA, b. Oct. G, 17US; d. Jan. 11, 1S55, aged 8G yrs. 3 raos. (g. S., Calf Ridge Ceme- 
tery, Orland), ••line of thelir.-t settlers of Orland ;" in. , Mary Rooks, who d. 

Oct. 15, 1850, aged 70 yrs. 7 nios. (g. s). Children, born in Orland : 

1. Israel" Gross, !>. March 15, 1702; d. April, 1834; m. , Caroline Hooks, of 

Thorndike, Me. 

2. Joseph Gross, 1>. Nov. 2G, 1701 ; d. ; m. , Martha Pooto, of Thorndike. 

3. Mehetablc Gross, b. Feb. 23, 1797; d. ; m. , Faith Higgins.of Staud- 

isli, Me. 

•1. Oliver Gross, b. Feb. 28, 1700; d. Feb. — , 1870; m. , Editli (.'ray, of 

Sedgwick, Me. 

5. Mary Gross, b. S -pi. 2, ISO! ; d. -; m. , Meman lliggins, of Sedgwick. 

6. Tabitha Gross, b. March 9, 1S0J ; d. Feb. — , 1S75 ; m. , I'hiueas Brown, of 


7. Joshua Gross, b. March 8, 1807; d.May 11, 1SS7; in. Feb. 3, 181 1, Mary II. Small, 

of Deer Isle. 


97S. Ahig.ul b. May 10, 1772: cl. ; m. Maj 30, 1793, Williiun Mcliitirc. 

979. Pinmr M., b. Jnnc 2, 1771; cl Nov 30, 1S-1G, aged 72 yrs. Gmos. (g. s.,Capo C< d Sollle- 

ment, Bucksport) ; m. (pub. April 21, 1S02), Eunice Brown, of (Miami, who rl, Oct. 
11', 1880, aged 99 yrs. 9 mos. 13 days (g. s., Bucksp»rt). 

980. Bathshbijkk, b. May 2, 177ii; d. ; m , Thomas Ames, of Massachusetts. 

981. JOHN, b. April 2, 1778; d. ; in. . 

439 Abigail 1 ' 1 Treat (John,* Joseph, 4 Samuel* Robert? Richrinl 1 ), born Dec. 29, 
17-17, in Boston; died July—, 1707, buried July 12; married April 21, 1771, h\ Rev. 
John Lathrop, Maj. Euas 6 Pakkman, 1 born Dec. 9, 1747; died July — , 1 79 R, aged iil'iy. 
buried July ~1'2. In 177G, Mr. Parkman was a second lieutenant in the ward two com- 
pany, of the Boston regiment of militia. From 1778-1781, he was captain; in 178-1- 
1785, was major, and there are no returns for 17SGand 1787. Air. Parkman was a prom- 
inent man in the town of Boston. May 5, 177."., March 29, 177G, and March 14, 1777. he 
was chosen one of the clerks of the market forth;' year ensuing. Dee 7, 177-1, he was 
chosen a member of the "'Committee of Inspection, to carry the Resolutions o( the 
Continental Congress into Execution." Aug. 26, 1770, was a member of a committee of 
thirty-six, one from each ward, to visit every house in the respective wards, and make 
inquiry in regard to the small pox, and also to ascertain all persons in the service of I heir 
country, lie then resided in ward two. Feb. G. 1777, he was on a committee of thirty-six, 
"to prevent Monopolies " He was also a prominent member of the Masonic Order. In 1 781, 
he was made a member of St. Andrew's Lodge. At one time was Senior Warden of Wooster 
Lodge. In 1783, he was Grand Sword Bearer, and in 17SG, Grand Marshal at the Grand 
Lodge of Massachusetts. Major Parkman was a commission merchant and auctioneer, 
lie did a large business under the firm name of Parkm in and I-Iinkley. Many of the pa- 
pers relating to that firm are now in existence. In the Boston directory for 1789, his oc- 

'Kr.TAs' Pakkman, b. , in England ; supposed to have been dr<>\\ ned Julj 2S, lGi',2 ; in. , 

Bridget . Was in Dorchester in 10;l.">; made a fneman, Miy G, 1G35; removed to Winds <r. 

Conn., where he was in 1010; moved hack to Boston about LG 18, where li ■ bought a house and 
land of G. Palmer, .May 12, 1GG0. Was a mariner. Inventory taken Aug. 20, 1GG2. Wile Bridget, 
and the oldest son, name not given, were administrators of the estate. His children were bap- 
tized in the First church, Boston, where his name is written Partman. Had seven children, — 
four sons, and three daughters. His son : 

Klias' Parkman, b. Nov. 5, 1G35, in Dorchester, Mass ; ,l Aug. 18, 1691, in Wapping, Loudon, 
Eng.; m. Oct. 13, 1G5G, Sarah Trask, daughter of ('apt. William and Sarah I'rask.of Salem, Mass. 
Will dated London, Aug. 8, IG!Uj probated March 7. 1G92-3, Had property in Wapping. Wife 
Sarah was executrix. Children mentioned in the will : William, Ellas, Elizabeth, and Sarah ( Iragg. 
Son John, b. Jan. 21, 16GS, was probablj dead. June 17, 1702, son William was appointed admin- 
istrator de bonis unit of his father Klias Parkman, as his mothci Sarah h id lately deceased. II id 
five children, and perhaps more, — three sons and two (laughters. His son : 

William 3 Pakkmax, b. March 2:1, 1G5S, in Salem, Mass. ; cl. Nov. 28, 1730, aged 72 (7:!, Boston 
records) (g. s , C'pp'a Hill) ; m. May 18, 1GS0, Elizabeth Adams, who cl. April 13, 17-ir,, aged S3 yrs 
7 mos. (g. s., Copp's Hill), and daughter of Alexander and Mary Adams, of Boston. He was a 
mast make',-. Widow Elizabeth Parkman and William Parkman, joyncr, his son probably, were ap- 
pointed administrators of his estate, June 15, 1730. Th • inventory of the estate hears the same 
dale, and amounts to £1323 5s. Gd. Division of the property was made Dec. 7, 172.2. Sons Wil- 
liam, Klias, and Alexander were to have the property, paying to ih • other heirs, who are mentioned, 
tlieir.due. The will of .widow Elizabeth I'.irkman is dated Aug. 10, 1712. It. mmtions among oth- 
ers the heirs of son Elias deceased. Son William was appointed administrator May 0, 17-10. Had 
eleven children,— seven sons and four cl tuglitcrs. Mis son : 

Euas 4 l'aukmax, b. Oct !), 1GSS, in lloston; bapt. I).;c. !), IGSS, at the Second church ; d. May 21. 
1741, aged 52 yrs. 5 mos. 1.5 das. eg- s, Copp's Hill); m., 1st, Nov. 22, 1711, Martha Clowjh, b. 

2 78 


cupation is given as "Scrivnor." 1!'' was a licensed auctioneei', or "veudue master," as 
late as 1701. He lived in a large house, with a garden attached, in thai pari of North 
street now called Hanover street, close by Harlt's, now Constitution wharf, where the fa- 
mous frigate Constitution was launched Oct. 21, 1797. Like many others he built a stag- 
ing in his garden on this occasion in order to obi lin a better view of the launch. 

Children of Maj. Elias and Abigail L'arkmau, born in Boston, and baptized at the New 
North church : 

;iS'_\ Abigail ll.u.i r,' b. June 10, 1773; d young. 
!)83. Poixy Chwdlkii, b. March 0, 177.-.. 

'.iSt. IOi.ias.Iv Dec. 29, 17T:i; a. Aug. 23. 1$38: num. lie was a very bright and promising 
child. A blister was applied to the crown of lii-. head during an illness, according to 
the custom <>f the times, which affected hii brain and caused insanity. 
985. Sally, b. Juno 5, 1783; d Dec 5, lS(i!l;unm. 
986. Ki.i/w.rm, b. June 6, 1785; d. Oct. 23, 18G6; in. Oct. i, 1S1S-, Samuel Bell. 

440 Capt. SamtieFTreat {John? Joseph,* Samuel? Robert? Richard), horn— 
1750, in Boston; died .May 1, 1S0G, aged fifty-six, in Boston, buried in Cotton Thayer's 
tomb on Copp's Hill; married, first, in 1779 (published March 1.6, 1770), Elizabeth 
Bkkwicr, 1 born about 1758 or 17G1, in Boston; dad Jan. G, 1786, aged twenty five oi 

May 2G, K0j, d. March 30, 1713, and dan. of Ebenezer and Martha (Goodwin) Clough; 2d, Nov. 
13, 1722, Elizabeth Weld, of Uoxbury, b. July 2fi, IG92; d. Nov. 1, 174G. aged 58 (53?), and dan. of 
John and H miiali Weld, jr. He is said in the print id Boston records to have horn the son of Wil- 
liam and Deborah Parkman, which must lie a mistake, and his age on the gravestone is to be reck- 
oned from the date of his baptism, instead ol that of his birth unless there be an error. He was a 
mast maker. Oct. 22, 172S, lie was appointed guardian of his son Elias, about ten years old, to 
whom his grandfather, John Goodwill) bricklayer, of Boston, had left property. lie was also re- 
membered by his grandfather, Ebenczer Clough. Mr. l'arkmau was admitted to the New North 
church, March 27, 1715, and Ids wife .Martha. Lug 28, 1715. Au:;. -I, 1711, widow Elizabeth Park- 
lnan, and her son Elias, gentleman, were appointed to administer the estate of Elias l'arkinan. 
Had three children by his first marriage, one son and two daughters, and two daughters bj Ids 
second. His son: 

Dr. Elias 5 Parkmax, b. Marc!, io, L717-S, in Boston; d March 6, 1750-1, aged 33 (g. s., Copp's 
Hill); m. Jan. 1, 174(5, Abigail WhUe. Entered Boston Latin School in 172(5, and graduated ai 
Harvard College in 1737. Was a physician. The inventory of his estate, taken May 28, 1751, in- 
cluding mansion house and land on North, now Hanover street, valued at £213 Gs. Sd . and house 
and land on Linn street, valued al £35 Gs. Sd., amounted to i'lci Is. li Id In addition, he owned 
land at "pomphrel" valued at £2GGG 15s., and property elsewhere to the amount of £<i8 Us. Id. 
The entire estate was valued at £310G lis. J ,d Widow Abigail Parkman, was appointed Feb. 13, 
17G1, guardian of son Elias, and dau. Abigail under fourteen years of age. The latter, bapt July 
30, 1710, at the New North church, in. April 6, 17G9, Ellis Tyler, and had four sons and three 
daughters bapt. in the same church. Mr l'arkinan was admitted to the New North church, Jan. 
20, 1739-10. His son : 

Maj. Elias" Paukman, b Dec. 9. 1717; in. Abigail Treat, as above. 

■John Bkicwkk, b. ; was dead in 1727 (according to King's Chapel records, a Mr. Brewer 

d. May .",, 1727, who was probably this John Brewer) : in., 1st, Sept. 15, 1703, Martha Ware, b. June 
G, 1GS5, d. April 23, or 28, 17 17, and dan of Robert Ware, carpenter, of Boston; 2d, Oct. G, 1719, 
widow Mary (Gjilrs) llum.U. about 1GS2, was dead in 17G0, and dan. of Thomas and Margaret 
Gyles. For her lirst husband she in. Nov. 17, 1710, Andrew Ham of Boston Mr. Brewer was a 
liousawright, ami had by his lirst wile roue sons and one' daughter, and by his second, two sons: 

Gyles, b. about 1720; d. Sept. 19, 1781-, aged GI (Trinity church records); m , 1st, Feb. 23, 1717, 

Charity Hicks, of Charlestown, who .1. Aug. 17, 17GG,anddau. of Joseph Kicks; 2d, Nov. 30, 17GS, 

Anii'i Tobry. lie was a houscwright, and had five sons and two daughters. 

Thomas, bapt. Sept. 20, 1724. 


twenty-eight, according to another account, and daughter of Thomas and Experience 
(Thornton) Brewer; second, June 20, 1790, by Rev. John Elliot, Axx 6 May, 1 baptized 
May 1G, 1762; died May 3, 1797, aged thirty-five, at Castle William, now Fort Inde- 
pendence, Boston [Inrbor, and buried from her father's house; third, about 1S00 (pub- 
lished Dec. 29, 1800), Helena Mkkliko dk Sr. Phy, b. Aug. 19, 1779, in Boston, died Aug. 
24, 1845, in I'ittsfield, N. H , buried at .Mount Auburn, subsequently removed to Wal- 
tham, Mass., and daughter of Bennctte Claude and Elizabeth (Gyles) Merliuo 9 dc St. Pry. 
Rev. Mr. Curtis of Pittsfield, preached her funeral sermou, ^vll i<-li was printed, Aug. 26, 
1845. According to the Boston town records Mr. Treat was one of the number who vis- 
ited the public schools, July 5, 1770, in company with tlu selectmen and others invited 
by them, in accordance with a vote passed on the eighth of May preceding, at a town 
meeting. lie was a second lieutenant in « aid four company, I Jos ton Regiment of militia, in 
I77G. lie was promoted to be lirst lieutenant, Aug. 16, l?77,'by the council. Another 

Thomas Bkkwer, bapt. Sept. 20, 1724; d. about 17(14, in Boston; in. about 17;.:! (published Dec. 
14, 1752), Exp rim-,'. Thnrnton (the bans were forbidden bya Thomas Brewer, probably an uncle), 
b Feb 1G, 1.724, (1 Dee. — . 1772, dan. of Ebenezer and Elizabetli Thornton, and great granddaugh- 
ter of Rev. Thomas Thornton, who was b. in England lis was a mast-maker. April lfi, 17G0, lis 
and his brotlicr Gyles deeded to .tames Fulton one-fourth part of a tract of land of 515 acres in 
"the intended township or district of Topsham," Me., for £78 10s. Sd. This property must have 
come from (heir grandfather Thomas Gyles, through their mother. Mr. Brewer's will is dated 
Dec. 14, 1703, and probated March 2, I7i'.(. It mentions wife Experience, sole executrix, and his 
children, though not by name. Her will h dated Dec. 13. 1772. and probated .Ian. 1, 1773. Execu- 
tors, Mary I'omeroy, singlewoman, who d May s. 1790, aged G7 (g. s., Copp's Hill), and Henry Al- 
line, jr. inventory, Oct. 8,177:'., amounts to £87 5s Gd. Should judge from the articles men- 
tioned that sin- was engaged in trade. Mentions her children : 


Elizabeth, who subsequently m. Samuel Treat as above. She was noted for her beauty. 

Lydia . 

Ebenezer, d. Sept. 13, 1807, aged 43, at Hartford, Vt. Was at one time of Cohos, now Haver- 
hill, N. H. 

'Jons' May, b. about I590,.in England; d. April 28, 1670, in Eoxbury; m., 1st in England, 

(name unknown), who d. June S, lG.H, In Roxbury; 2d, , Sarah , who d. May 4, I.G70. 

lie is supposed to have come from Sussex. As early as 1G35, was master of 'The Jaw s, which sailed 
between Loudon and New England. lie settled in Roxbury. Had two sons who came with him 
from England. His son : 

Joust 9 May, b. , IG31, in England; d. Sept 11, 1G71 ; m. Xov. 19, 1G5G, Mrs. Sarah (Brewer) 

Bruce- Had eight children, — four sons and four daughters. His son : 

John 3 May. b. May 19, 1GG3; d. Feb. 21, 1730; in. June 2, 1084, J'rwl-nce Bridye.h. Jan. 11, 1GG4, 
d. Sept. 2G, 172.1. Had eleven children,— seven sons, and four daughters. His son : 

ElSEXiiZicK 4 May, b. Oct. II), 1G82; d. May 2, 177.2; m. April 3, 1718, Abijail Core, b. , 1G92, d. 

June 2(1, 17o:;. Had tight children, — six sons, and two daughters. His son : 

AAiiOx' May, b. May 19, 173:1; d. Nov. li. 1798; in. July 19, 17G1, Elizabeth Cravath, b. , 

1715, d. May 18, 1821. lie resided on the wast side of Orange, now Washington street, and was 
possessed of considerable property,- his land extending back to the sea on Back Bay. lie was an 
ardent patriot, and was present at a dinner of the Suns of Libert}', Aug. 14, I7G9. In the Boston 
directories of l7s!i and 1798, he is put down as "gentleman," that is, a person who lives on his 
income, and is not engaged in any particular business. Had seven children, — four sous, and three 
daughters. 11 is daughter: 

Ann 6 May, bapt. May 10, 17G2, in llollis street church; in Samuel Treat, as above. 

•The history of Bkxkkttr Claudk Mi.ui.ino hi: St. Phy is very interesting, lie was a native <>f 
Lyons, France, and the son of a merchant, descended iron; the highest families in France and Italy. 
The name St. l'n . or as it is commonly written, l'rix, Tris, I'rie, Priest, is derived from St. Prae- 



commission as firsl lieutenant, is rated March 10, 1789, and signed by John Hancock, 
mi intimate friend. Both of these commissions arc still in possession of the family. 
Thel3oston regiment of militia ranked above all llic other Sullblk regiments. From July 2G to 
Sept. 30, 1770. as appears from the records, lie was a lieutenant in Captain Cluunpuey's 
company, Muj. Natlianiel Heath's detachment of Guards. Mr. Treat was always called 
Captain Treat though on the rolls he appears only as first lieutenant. He served in the 
army some twenty-one years, from 177G to, June 29, 1798, most of the time at Castle Wil- 
liam. The castle was appointed a place of confinement for criminals by the General 
Court, March 11. 1785. The name was changed from Cast'.e William to Fort Independ- 
ence, Dec. 7, 1707, President Adams being presenl on this occasion. June 25, 1798, 
the jurisdiction of the island was ceded to the United Slates, and on the twenty-ninth of 
that month the officers and men were ordered by the General Court to be discharged, as 
being no longer needed under the circumstances. Mr. Treat was accordingly retired from 

jeclus, bishop of Clermont in Auvcrgnc, France, a celebrated martyr of the seventh century. What 
relation our St. Pry bore to the great historic family of St. Prix, is not now kn >wn, but it is a tra- 
dition that the families were related by marriage. The Merlino family, to which he belonged, was 
a very ancient and honorable Italian and Spanish one. Carlo Tappia, sen of Egldi i Tap pi a, who 
was president of the Chamber of Accompts, Auditor, Judge of the Vicariate, Naples, and in l.">97, 
Counsellor, vent to Madrid in 1G12, Hegcnt of the Supreme Council of Italy, lie returned to Na- 
ples in 1(125, Regent of the Chancery, and died in Jan., Ifi-l-l, while Dean of the Collateral Council. 
lie was buried in the family chapel, in the church of St. .lames of the Spaniards. He was the au- 
thor of many valuable works. Don Francesco Merlino, his nephev, was made auditor of Salerno, 
judge of the Vicariate, Commissary of Campagna and Counsellor, through the efforts of Hegont 
Tappia. lie was afterwards elected regent of the Supreme Council of Italy, and after his return 
from Spain in 1G4S, was made president of the same. lie died Sept. <;, 1650, and was buried in the 
church of the professed house of the Jesuits His learning wasalso very extensive. See Giannonc, 
Civil History of the Kingdom of Naples, hook 3S, p. 7U0-1, Vol. 2. Toppi gives a portrait of Mm. 
Our Merlino de St. Try was descended from this faini y. We know but very little of the Euro- 
pean history of his immediate family. Am preparing a mem irial of him and in due time expect 
to ascertain all the facts in the case. The large amount of letters, m 'liiorauda, diaries, bills, etc. 
whit h I li ive in my possession, enables me to furnish a very full account, of him after he came to 
America, and to trace his course from 1770 to J7S.3, when he returned to France, with the excep- 
tion of 1771). 

YA'e (irst hear of captain St. Pry, as owner of the schooner La Furtitnn, at St. Pierre, Martini- 
que, Jan. 9, 1770. The same year he entered into business partnership at Cape Francois, St, Do- 
mingo. The lirst trace of him in New England is on June 10, 1771. when he sailed from Ilevcrly, 
in the hark JimulUr, for Qucljec. Jan. 1, 17;;,, he was in London, when In- wrote in his dian : 
•-1 have in read} money £12,000." 

Then he enumerates goods and debts due him amounting to £1,407, making a total of £13,407, a 
very large sum for those days. 

In 1775, probably previous to June 17, he received from St. George da Viart, a letter of intro- 
duction to Gen. Joseph Warren, which seems never to have been presented. Sept. 1, 177.",, he re- 
ceived an Introductory letter from Nicholas Perree, of New York to M. liarral, a merchant at 
Kingston, Jamaica, recommending him as a native of Lyons, of birth, upright, highly educated and 
proficient in mathematics, and in the English and French languages. About the last of Jam, 1777, 
he arrived at Nevburyport witliacar.^o of merchandise from Cape Francois. lie was in Boston 
from Feb. 5-23. April i, 1777. the General Court .mauled him permission to sail tor Cape Fran- 
cois. He was again in Boston in the fall of the year, it is a family tradition that on one of his 
voyages he was captured h\ the English, ami with two other French gentlemen scan into Xewhury- 
port, and paroled ; that he was sick and went to the house of (/apt. Jonathan Parsons, w ho sailed 
vessels to the Wist Indies. The latter part of the story is certainly true, as we have the hill of 
Dr. Sawyer for medical attendance upon St. Pry at the house of .Mr. Parsons. The vile ol Cap- 
tain Parsons was Hannah Gyles, dan. of Dr. Samuel Gyles of Salisbury. Elizabeth Gyles, dan. of 


the military service. He was :i fine-appearing officer. An oil painting of liini i- still in 
tlie possession of one of his granddaughters, Mrs. Loomis, of Chelsea, Mass. The pay 
of the officers at the fort was never very large, and efforts were made at various linns to 
increase it, but without success. Thai of a first lieutenant was only £G per month, and 
sometimes only .£■"). Upon leaving the fort, he went back to Boston, where for n time 
be seems to have been engaged in no regular business, being recorded in the tax books 
as "gentleman," or ''of no business." He was the assessor for ward two, in levying the 
direel tax of 1798, imposed by acl of Congress, July 8, of that year. The lists were 
signed by him Oct. 10, 1799. June 14, 1800, the General Court, upon the petition of 
Mr. Treat for compensation for an injury received while in the execution of his duly, in 
preventing the escape of three convicts, "Rasolved that there be paid out of the treas- 
ury of the Commonwealth to the said Lieut. Samuel Treat, eight Dollars per month com- 
mencing the first day of January A. D., 1799, until the disability be removed." This 

Edward and Elizabeth (Holland) Gyles, of Boston, a very beautiful girl, and a relative- of Mis. Par- 
sons, was on a visit to Newburyport and took cars of the sick Frenchman. St. Pry fell in love 
with her, and tiny were married Feb. 22, 1778, by Rev. Andrew Eliot, of the New North church, 
Boston. It is a tradition that she had had previously several advantageous offers of marriage, but 
had always refused ihcm, saying that when she was married, she should wed a nobleman. They 
had two children born in Boston : 

Ehanor, or Helena, 3/erliuo <le St. Pry, b Aug. 10, 1770; d. Aim. 21, lSt5. She was bant, .about 
1780, or 1781, probably by the chaplain of the French lie -l as there was no Roman Catholic church 
in Boston till 1788 General Lafayette washer sponsor, and used often to fondle her whan an in- 
fant. Her christening rube of white brocade silk is still in existeucs. The cost of her cradle in 
1780, wis £30, in the Inflated currency of the times. 

Charles Francois de Gutnly Meriino da Si. Pry, b. June 28, 1783. The dale of his death is not 
known. Ue was alive in 1S03. lie went to sea and never returned. It was supposed that the ves- 
sel was captured by pirates. Ills baptism by Father Matigaon, under tin name of "Charles Fran- 
cois, son of the late Benoit Claude Meriino de St. fry," occurred Sept. 1, 1793, when ton year- 

When the relatives of St. Pry in France heard that he had married a heretic, they were very 
much displeased, but when they learned that the daughter had been named after his mother and 
had been baptized in the Roman Catholic church, they not only became reconciled to the marriage, 
but sent presents, articles of wearing apparel, costly laces, seme of which are still in existence, 
and a large sum of money. Some of the more valuable presents were captured by the British fleet 
and never received. Sometime in the fall of 1783, he sailed for France in eider to obtain some- 
money left by a relative, intending to return soon, lie was taken sick and died about 1785, at or 
near Lyons. Before departing, St. Pry entrusted Ids wife with many valuable papers, his family 
record and other things, charging her to preserve them with the greatest care. She kepi them in 
a little box which was constantly cirricd about with her. These things were stolen or lost. H 
was a long time before the friends could learn anything from France. Ii appears that the Fr< nch- 
Consul at Boston, dc L'etombe, or L. tombe, was a bitter enemy of St. Pry and look this opportu- 
nity to wreak vengeance on an innocent family, lie proved to be a very bad man and bis exiqua- 
tur was "withdrawn bj President Adams, July 13, 1708. Some nineteen letters were senl from 
France to Mrs. St. Pry, and never received, one of which was said to contain a draft for 10,00m 
cro-wns to pay her expenses to Lyons-. Finally, the frieuds in France, being unable, to hear any- 
thing from the family here, sent a letter to the French Consul at Philadelphia, making inquiries. 
He banded it to fisher Ames, then a membei <>f Congress from the Suffolk district, who was able 
to find Mrs. SI. Pry. and delivered the Idler to her. She was about to set out for France but the 
events which took place at the French Revolution put an end to her plans. The baptism of her 
son, Sept. I, 1703, in the Roman church, probabh had reference to this object. 

lice, lb, 17H3, Mrs. St. Pry was appointed administratrix id - the estate of her late husband. The 
bonds were placed al £5,000, but nothing seems to have been done. At length worry and anxiety 
affected her mind, and she was found drowned, about 1S08, in the Mill pond, since tilled up. Win ther 


pension extended to Oct.' 23, !80G,some months after his death. At one time he was pos- 
sessed of some property, owning several houses in Boston. Unfortunately he signed a 
note for :i friend, with the usual result, — lie had to pay it himself. This loss obliged him 
to go into some light business, us his health would not admit of heavy work. From 
1803-1806, he followed the business of surveyor of lumber. He died Thursday, May 1. 
1S06", and was buried from his late residence, No. 2, Prince street, Sunday afternoon, at 
5 o'clock, with military honors, soldiers being present from the fort. 
Autograph, Oct. 10, 1700. 

Children bom in Boston, by his first, marriage: 
'.187. Elizabeth, 7 or Beisey, b. July 17, 17S0; d. May 8, 1800, at Weymouth ; in. Oct. 21, 1799, 

by liev. Samuel Stillman, Philip Canterbury, of Weymouth, Mass. 
988. Samuel Gyles, b. Aug. 3, 1782; d. Oct. — , 1782. 

she drowned herself, or full in accidentally, is not known. She is said to have been buried under 
Christ church, at the North End. Her name does not appear in the records, but (here are no en- 
tries from April 17, 180.5 to Feb. G, 1S0G, nor for 1808. Xo real effort was made to secure the property 
left by St. Try in France, till 1815, some thirty years after his death, when his daughter Helena, 
now the widow of Capt. Samuel Treat, wrote a letter to Lafayette, requesting him as an old friend 
of her father to interest himself in her behalf, lie immediately replied that he would "be happy 
to oblige the children of M. de St. Pry, the widow of a brother American officer." The best of legal 
talent was employed, M. de le Grange, Advocate to the King, and others. If was found that about 
100,000 francs was due from the estate, but that owing to neglecl to prosecute the claim sooner, 
only about Mo, 000 could be demanded, as a compromise had to be made in order to be sure of get- 
ting anything at all. Every kind of delay was next made and objections raised, and it was not till 
1823, that .Mrs. Treat was able with the assistance of Lafayette, Albert Gallatin, the American min- 
ister, Mr. Barnet, the American Consul, and Governo) Eustis, then minister to Holland, with the 
assistance of the best lawyers in France, to recover 24,200 francs, about one-fourth of her just 
claim. And it was not till Feb. 25, 1825, that she received the whole amount awarded her, less ex- 
penses, which reduced the amount actually received to about 20,000 francs, or §1,000, instead of 
§20,000, which was the amount rightfully due her. When Lafayette visited Boston in 1825, Gov- 
ernor Eustis invited Mrs. Treat to a private interview with the General, in the governor's room, on 
the 17th of .June, previous to the public reception on the occasion of the laying of tin- corner stone 
of the monument on Bunker's hill. She afterwards rode out to Charlestown with Governor Ens- 

St. Pry was highly educated, having taken a si\ years course at the university of Paris. lie was 
proficient in mathematics ; thoroughly acquainted with the science of navigation ; understood Latin ; 
was an excellent English scholar; something of a poet ; a person of great energy and activity, and 
very wealthy. His personal appearance was said to have been very line. A crayon portrait, some- 
what damaged, is still in the possession of the family. Accordingto family tradition he. as well as 
Lafayette, was an oflicer in the "Musquiteers du Koi," into which were admitted only persons lie- 
longing to tl»' highest families. When he lived in Boston, he was frequently summoned to the 
French Consulate to consult about national matters, "pour y deliberei' sur des atlaircs qui concern- 
enl la Nation." 

Si. Pry was proposed a member of St. Andrew's Lodge in 1777, by Paid Revere, elected Oct. 9, 
1777, and "raised" Pel;. Hi, 177s. Paid fees 21s. In the printed history of St. Andrew's Lodge, 
the name is given incorrectly, as St. De Meilino Pry and also a wrong date, 177'A. He was also 



G89. Abigail, b. Sept. 0, 1783; d. Nov. 1, 1824 ; m. Nov. 21, 1700. Lieut. Cotton Thayer. 
000. Polly Pomeroy, b. June 8, 1785; il. June G, 17SC. 

By his second marriage : 

901. Samuel Gylks, b. July31, 1701; d. July 31, 18GG; m. Oct. 13, 1817, Susan Parkman Jones. 

002. Maria Coolidge, b. — , 1792; d. Aug. 10, 1802, unm. 

003. Ann May, b. — , 1705; d. July 1C, 1S24, aged 20, at Waltham, and buried on Copp's Hill. 

Boston ; mini. 
994. Mary Whitman, b. — , 170G; d. April 14, 1822, aged 2G, at Waltham, and buried on Copp*s 
Hill, Boston ; unm. 
995. Lucius Junius Brutus, b. — , 1707; ri. Oct. 11, 1833; m. — , 1825, Sarah Lawton. 

By his third marriage : 

OOG. Charles Francis de Riviere, b. — , 1801 ; d. . He was last heard from in 1S45, 

being then on his way to Texas. He is supposed to have been killed in the Mexican 
war. He received an appointment to the Military school at West Point, but the com- 
mission was somehow delayed, and when it arrived lie was too old for admission. 
There was a Mons. Riviere, an ofticer on board of the Langucdoc, one of the ves- 
sels of the French fleet in Boston harbor in 177s, for whom, perhaps, ho was named. 

997. Eliza Parkman, b. Feb. 27), 1802; d. May 30, 1889; m. Sept. I, 1825, Daniel Sander- 


998. JosEPn Bennettb, b. July 18, 1801; d. Oct. 0, 1801; m. July 1G, 1S2U, Mary Welling- 

990. James AUGUSTUS, j ( d. March 10, 1887; m. Feb. 27, 1838, Doro- 

\ twins, b. April 13, 1806; / thy Wentwortl) Harvey. 
1000. Sarah Amanda, ) ( d. April 2:,, 1885 ; m. Feb. 28, 1833, William 

White Wvman. 

441 Joshua' 1 Treat {Joshua, 5 Joseph, 4 Samuel? Robert,* Richard}), born Sept. 10. 
1756, at Fort Georges, now Warren, Me. ; died Oct. 22, 1826 (gravestone, at the "Point 
farm," Frankfort, Me.) ; married March 5, 1780, Lydia 6 Buck (her name is called Mary 
Buck in the Haverhill records, where she was married), horn Oct. 22, 1701, in Haverhill, died 
Nov. IS, 1812 (gravestone, Frankfort), ancldaughter of Col. Jonathan and Lydia (Morse) 

Junior and Senior Warden of the French Lodge, called Friendship Lodge, which name was after- 
wards changed to Perfect Union Lodge. His place of business, in 17S0, was on Pitt's wharf. He 
dealt in salt, tar, sugar, molasses, rum, tea. coffee, Hour, etc. His tax for thai year amounted to 
£loi' Ms. Id. At one time he resided at a house belonging to Mary White on Charter street. As 
early as 1777, lie owned salt works at Edgecomb, Me , which he still possessed in 1782. In 1778, 
he was in company With Nathan Goodale. of Salem, and in 1782. with a Mr. Powell in Boston. At 
one time he. owned several vessels. Sec Vinton's Giles Memorial. 


Buck ! Mr. Treat was one of the first settlers at Marsh Bay, in Frankfort, and is said 
to have built the first log house in town, the first saw mill on Marsh stream, ami the 
first vessel in this part of the old town. 

Children, Lhc first two horn in Haverhill, Mass., the others in Frankfort: 
1001. Amos. 7 1). , Ian. IS, 1781; .1 Dee. 11, 185S; m., 1st, Dee. 15, 1805, Sally Gross; 2(1, July 
15, 1821, Betsey Colson. 

1002. Catharine, b Dee. 2, 17s;',; tl. Aug. 21, 18(53; m. Dee. 4, 1803, Waldo Pcirce. 

1003. Joshua, b. Dee. 20, 1783; d. Oct. 23, 183G; in. 1st, April 20, 1805, Susan Parker; 2d, Oct. 

2i, 18V9, Mrs. Harriet F. (Mclntire) Treat. 
1004.. Jonathan-, b Jan. 22, 1787; <1. May 11?, 1SG7; m. Dee. 23, 1812, Deborah Parker. 
1' 05. Wiljjam, i). Jan. 2G, 1780; d. .June 5, 1707. 
1006. LYDIA, h. June 10, 1791; d Nov. 28, 1792. 

'Roger 8 Buck, h. annul 1G17, in England; d. Nov. 10, 1G93, in Wet, urn; m. about 1G12, Susanna 

, who d. Sept. If), iils.5. lie came to New England in the Increase in )G35,a1 the age or IS, with 

his father Wii.mam 1 Buck, plough-wright, who was 50 years old when lie came, lie settled in 
Cambridge where he d. Jan. 21, 1G5S. After Hie deal li of his -wife, Roger Buck removed to Wo- 
burn Had seven children,— three sons and four daughters. His son : 

Er-miAiM 3 Buck, b. July 26, 1G-IG, in Cambridge; d. Jan. — , 1721; in. Jan. 1, 1G70-1, Sarah fin oAs, 
Settled in the north part of VVoburn, in the present town of Wilmington, and the place still re- 
tains the name of the "old Buck Farm." Had eight children,— five sons, and three daughters. Hi 

son : 

EitKNEZKR 4 Buck, b. May 20, 1G89, in Woburn; d ; m., 1st, Jan. — , 1713, LyOM Ames, m 

Earnes, Woburn records; 2d. Feb. 21, 1723, Jitdilh Wood., al Haverhill. Sec "Wobnrn records. In 
1728. he moved to Haverhill. Had three children,— two son-:, and one daughter. His son ; 

Col. Jonathan 5 Buck, b. Feb. 20, 1710-20. in Woburn; d. March is, )7:i5 (g. s.. Buck cemetery, 
Bncksport, Me.); in. — , 17-13, Lydia Morse, of Newl.mry.wlio d. Dee. 15. 17S9,aged71 (g .-., Bucks - 
port). A granite monument "was erected to his memory in Aug., 1852, in the old Buck burying 
ground, by a few of his grandchildren. His name appears on the tax list of Haverhill, Dee 10, 
1741. Aug. 23, 1742, his name appears as witness to a bill of sale of a negro slave. In 1715. he 
was made a lieutenant. In 1751, lie petitioned for a "shipyard near the burying place," but was 
refused In 1757, he belonged to the Alarm list of the first company in Haverhill, which included 
persons from sixteen to sixty, exempt fro