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Full text of "Treaties, &c., between Great Britain and China; and between China and foreign powers; Orders in Council, rules, regulations, acts of Parliament, decrees, and notifications affecting British interests in China, in force on the 1st January, 1896"

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/ 



'. ^ 



TREATIES, &o.. 



ItBIWKEX 



GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA ; 



AND KKTWEKN 



CHINA AND FOREIGN POWERS ; 



ANh 



ORDERS IN COUNCIL, RULES, REGULATIONS, ACTS OF 
PARLIAMENT, DECREES, AND NOTIFICATIONS 

AFFEC I ISa 

BRITISH INTERESTS IN CHINA. 



IN KORCK ON IHK 

1st JANUARY, 189(5. 



I;Y 



SIR EDWARD HERTSLET, K.C.B. 

(Late Librarian and Kev^'Cr of the Papers, Foreign Office). 

Compiler and Kditor of ** llertftlct*t Commercial Treaties;'* tlie "British and Fun'iffn 
Bute Papers ; " " The Map of £uroptf by Treaty ; '* ** The Map of Africa bj 
Treaty i '^ •* The Foreign Office List/' Ac, kc. 



VOL. I. 



LONDON : 

HABBI80N k S0K8, 50, PALL MALL, 

yMkidUn U t^t 4aita aab SSJI* C^t (ntttc of lililii. 



1896. 
lAU Stphii rtserred.j 



[Ahhoufcli t)a9 Work ia mmpilM fnnn Oirii-i.il I><tMiiiifiit«, with the ]MTnii»»iitii of 
tlir SWrefarr <if SUU* for Kt*r«'ip;i> A(T.tir«. it i* |iunl« a private umlortuLiiii:. ' 



PREFACE. 



The publication of the present collection of Treaties 
and other engagements, under which the trade and rela- 
tions of Foreign Countries with China are conducted, has 
been undertaken, by special request, in order to meet a 
requirement long felt, but which is more particularly 
needed at the present time. 

In May, 1877, I published, in a small volume of 250 
pages, a collection of the Treaties which had been con- 
cluded by this Country with China, between the years 
1842 and 1860, together with a short Abstract of the 
Contents of each of the Commercial Treaties which other 
Foreign Nations had also concluded with China, and 
which were then in force. Various Orders in Council 
and other Documents affecting British Interests in China, 
were also added to the collection. 

In August of the same year (1877), Mr. W. F. Mayers, 
Chinese Secretary to Her Britannic Majesty's Legation 
at Peking, also published a similar Work, m which he gave, 
in extenso, as far as it was deemed necessary, the Treaties 
which China had concluded with Foreign Powers; but 
this Work has long since been out of print, and as 
many of these old 1 reaties have been revised, and many 
new ones have been concluded by China with other 
Foreign Nations during the last 18 years, the necessity 
for a complete Work, containing all the Treaties which 
China has entered into with Foreign Powers up to the 
present date, has been widely felt, and it is with the 
object of supplyiug that want that the publication of the 
present Work has been undertaken. 

With a view to making the Work as complete as 
possible, some few Treaties which have been rer)laced by 
later ones have been inserted, by request, and some of 
the earlier Russian Treaties are also given, as having an 
historical interest. 



rV PREFACE. 

The Convention concluded between Great Britain and 
China on the 5th Mjirch, 1866, to regulate the Engage- 
ment of Chinese Emigrants by British and French Sub- 
jects, and the Supplementary (^mmercial Convention, 
signed between the British and Chinese Plenipotentiaries 
at Peking on the 23rd October, 1869, are also given, for 
although neither of these Instruments was ratified, they 
still form the subject of occasional reference in Corre- 
spondence with the Chinese Authorities. 

Where clauses of diflerent Treaties are precisely the 
same, or their wording practically identical, it has been 
deenu^d superfluous to reproduce \x)th texts, and a refer- 
ence is therefore only given, in such cases, to some other 
Treaty in which the sjtme clause appears. 

The Tariff of Imports and Exports, and the Rules of 
Trade attached to the English Treaty of 1 858 are given, 
but it has not been thought necessary to give the separate 
Tariffs and similar Rules of Trade annexed to other 
Foreign Treaties. 

By Article 24 of the Treatj- of Tien-tsin of 26th Jime, 
1858 (p. 23), British Subjects trading with China are 
placed upon the footing of the ** most-favoured-nation,** 
with regard to Im|K)rt and Exjx>rt Duties ; and by Art. 
54 of the same Treaty, it is stipulated that ** the British 
Government and its Subjects will be allowed free and 
eciual particijmtion in all privileges, immunities, and 
advantages that may have l>een, or may l)e hereafter 
granteil by His Maje.'^ty the Emj)eror of China to the 
Government or Subjt*cts of any other nation" (p. 31). 

But great difficulty has hitherto been experienced, 
when im|)ortant cjuestions have arisen with respect to the 
rights and privileges of British Subjects in China, in 
ascertaining, readily, in what respect, if any, the wording 
of the Articles of the English Treaties bearing upon the 
subject in question has differe<l from the wording of 
similar Articles in Treaties which China has concluded 
with other Foreign Powers ; and to avert this difficulty 
in future, a Hviund I*ultjr has U*en prepared to all the 
Tn»atles which ( 'hina has concluded with this Country 
and all other Foreign Powers ; and so arranged that the 
clauses of the various Treaties on any given subject can, 
at once, Ik* referre^l to and examined, in onler to ascertain 
in what rcs|)ect the various versions differ. 



PREFACR. V 

Elach Treaty or other Document has a distinctive 
number pven to it by which it is known and referred to 
in other Documents throughout the Work. 

For convenience of reference the Work is published 
in two volumes. In the first volume is given ^Part I) the 
Treaties concluded between Great Britain ana China be- 
tween 1842 and 1895, and (Part II) the Treaties concluded 
by China with other Foreign Powers, 1689 to 1895. 

In the second volume is given (Part III) the Orders in 
Council, Rules, Regulations, Acts of Parliament, Decrees, 
and Notifications affecting British Interests in China, 
which were issued between 1855 and 1895, including the 
Shanghae Land Regulations, and the Rules under which 
the British Concession at Hankow is administered. 
Similar Rules for the administration of the Concessions 
at Tien-tsin, Canton, Amoy, Chinkiang and Kiu-Kiang 
have been issued, but they are not given, and some of 
them are at present under revision. 

In Part IV (Appendix and General Index) will 
be found copies of various documents for which space 
could not conveniently be found in the body of the work, 
but their contents are fully recorded in the Index. 

A Map is inserted (facing page 1), showing (approxi- 
mately) tne boundaries between China and the adjacent 
countries, and on it the Chinese Ports and Places open 
to Trade are underlined in red ink, 

EDWARD HERTSLET. 

Foreign Office, 
Ist January^ 1896. 



CONTENTS. 



VOL. I. 

P A K T I. 

Trciiftioii of Commcrco, Ac, conrludinl U*twi'fn Gn»At liriiain 

una China, l>*i2-lHl»:) 1 

PART II. 

Trcfttidi lietireon Chinft ami Fomi»Ti Powers (otiicr thnn Oroat 

Hntaiii). n>^;>-i?^:i W 



VOL. n. 

PART III. 

Onlora in Council, RqIch, R4'^ulation«, Acti <>f Parlianiont, 
I)(*rrooii, ami Notitication**, affrrtini; Rritl*«h Intrn*!<tM iti 
China, ls:..%— IsiV. V2:\ 



PART IV 
Ai*PKM>i\ Axn (fRXiiKAL Im>»:\ 



{ 



717 



PART 1. 



TREATIES, &c., GREAT BRITAIN AND 

CHINA, 1842—1895. 



/' 



MAP OF OHINA 



^ 



CUINA TREATIES. 



TKfciATIKS, &c., BETWEEN GREAT BRITAIN 

AND CHINA, 1842-1895. 



The following Treaties of Commerce, Ac, were con- 
cluded between Great Britain and China between 1842 
and 1895 :— 

No. Treaty. 

1842. 
1. Aug. 29. — The Ti^eaty of Peace, Friendship, Com- 
( Nanking.) merce, Ac, signed at Nanking, on the 

29th August, 1842 (p. 5) ; ivkwh wds 
conjirmea by Art. I of the Treaty of 
2GthJune, 1858 (p. 16). 

DecUraiioD. 

1843. 

2. June 26. — The Declaration of the 26th June, 1843, 

respecting Transit Dues (p. 10) ; which 
was amended by Art. 2S of the Treaty 
of 26th June, 1858 (p. 24). 

Ragttktioiia. 

1843. 

3. July. — The General Regulations for British 

Trade at the Jrorts of Canton, Amoy, 
Foo-chow-foo, Ningpo, and Shanghai, 
of July, 1843 (p. 11); which xmre 
abrogated by Art. \ of the Treaty of 
26th June, 1858 (p. 17). 

SuppleiiMiiUrj 
Treatj. 

1848. 

— October. — The Supplementary Treaty of Commerce 

of October, 1S43, which was abrogated 
by Art. 1 of the Treaty of 26th June. 
1858 (p. 17). 

1 B 



GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. 

No. CoDTenUoo. [X«ist of TroatiM.] 

1846. 

4. April 4. — The C^onvention of 4th April, 1840, re- 
(Bwca Tigris.) lativc to the entnince oF British 

Subjects into Caiit<iii, the evacuation 
of Chusan, Ac. (p. 12); ichich was 
roiijiniiecl by Art, 54 of the Treaty of 
26th June, 1858 (p. 31). 

Agrreiiietit. , 

1847. 

5. April C. — The Agreement of (>th April, 1847, re- 

lating to the entrance of British 
Subjects into Canton ; the Trade at 
Honan ; and the erection of Churches 
at the Ports of Trade (p. 14) ; which 
tCiXS confimied by Art. 54 of the 
Treaty (^ 26th June, 1858 (p. 31). 

Treat?. 
1858. 

6. June 26. — The Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and 

(Tien-tsin.) Commerce, signed at Tien-tsin, 26th 

June, 1858 (p. 16); which was con- 
frmed, subject to certain modijications, 
Ipy Art. 7 oj the Convention of 24th 
Octolper, 1860 (p. 47), and by Agree- 
ment of \3th Septembir, 1876 (p. 72). 
The 8e|iarate Article renting to the 
payment of Chinese Indemnity tvas 
cftncetled bif Art. 3 of the Coni'ention 
of 24th October. I860 (p. 46). 

ArTttnf«iii«iil. 

1858. 
— Oct. 8.— The Arrangement of 8th October, 1858, 

respecting the Residence of the 
British Representative in China, hut 
which tais caficelled Ipy Art. 2 of the 
Convention of 24th Octobi*r. 1860 
(p. 45). 

1858. 

7. Nov. 8. — The Agn*enient of 8th Novemlier, 1858, 

containing Rules of Trade* with the 
Tarift*of Impoils and Ex|K>rts, Transit 
Dues, &C. (p. 32), which is still in 
force. 

2 






GKEAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. 
No. CooTMition. [Zilst of Tr«*UM,] 

1860. 

8. Oct. 24. — The Convention of Peace and Friendship, 

(Peking.) signed at Peking, on the 24th Octo- 
ber, 1860 (p. 45), which is still in 
force. 

1865. 

9. Oct. 27. — The Agreement respecting (%i8toin8 

Seizures at Shanghai (p. 50) ; Ifitt which 
ivds superseded by the AyreemeiU of 
^\st Maij, 1868 (p. 555). 

Conrentiou. 

1866. 



10 



Mar. 5. — The Convention to regulate the Engage- 
ment of Chinese Emigrants by British 



Supplementarj 
ConTontion. 



and French Subjects, which was signed 
at Peking on the 5th March, 1866, 
hut was not ratified (p. 52). 



1869. 

11. Oct. 23. — The Supplementary Convention of Com- 

merce, &c., which was signed at 
Peking on the 23rd October, 1869, hut 
was not ratified (p. 58).* 

1876. 

12. Sept. 13. — The Agreement, signed at Chefoo, 13th 

(Chefoo.) September, 1876, for the Settlement 

of the Yunnan Case, Official Inter- 

coui-se, and Trade between the two 

Countries (p. 72), which, with the 

A*wition*i Additional Article thereto, signed at 

1 885 London 1 8th July, 1 885, relating to the 

14 Julv 18 Traffic in Opium (p. 83), was ratified, 

and the Ratifications of which were 
exchanged at Liondon on the 6th May, 
1886 ; uyui which is still in force, 

Ifemormoduu. 

1880. 

13. Dec. 10. — The Agreement respecting Personal 

Relations and Official Intercourse be- 
tween British (Consular Officers and 
Chinese Provincial Authorities (p. 79). 

• 8€« " Uaniard'a Debute." VoL 202. Pag« 1624. 

3 B 2 



GREAT BRITAIN AND CUINA. 
No. ConTMiUon. [Zilst of TroaUoo,] 

1886. 
IB. July 24. — The Convention relative to Burmah and 

Thiljet, which was signed at Peking 
on the 24th July, 1886 (p. 87) ; and 
Afirtfrntnit. w "ftill in force. 

I88«. 

16. Sept. 1 1. — Tlif Agreement U^twern the British Con- 

sul at TitMi-tsin, the Puisne Judge of 
Hong-Kong, the Inspector-General of 
(-ustoins, and the Joint Commissioners 
for China, re8|)ecting the Opium Trade 
at Hong-Kong, which was signed at 
Hong-Ivoiig on the 11th September, 

Contention. i88(> (p. 89). 

1890. 

17. March 17. — The Convention relating to Sikkim and 

Thil)et, which wjis signed at Calcutta 
on the 17th March, 1890 (p. 91); 
AiMitimiai trhich is atill in force. 

Article. 

1890. 

18. March 31. — Tht* Additional Article to the Agree- 

ment of i:uh SeptendxT, 187r>(p.72), 
declaring Chung-king to l»e oi>ened to 
ReguUtiofi*. Trade (p. 93) ; irhicn is still in force. 

1893. 

19. Ltec. 5. — 'I'he Regulations rerarding Traile, (-om- 

munications, and Pasturage, aip|)ended 
to the Sikkim-Thibet Convention of 
17th March, 1890, and for opening 
YatuDg to Trade (p. 95) ; which is stiU 
CbnvratMiti I n force. 

App. 1 894. 

March 1. — Convention for the E.xecution of the Con- 
vention of 24th JulVf 1886, renpecting 
Boundaries, kc. Buimah and China 

Convention. (p. <»88) ; which is siiU in force. 

App. 1R94. 

Sept. •». — Convention re,H|>ecting theVuncti<m of the 

Chinese and Burmese Tt*legraph Lines 
(p. 691*) ; which is stitl in force. 

[^^ alto Ruk« ftoil KriruUtiun* Part IV. A|>prndu Paffr t)6i>.j 



Ho. 1.1 GREAT BRITAIN AXD CHINA. [Aug. W, 1842. 

[Oommeroe, *o.] Naaking. 

(No. 1.) TREATY of Pence, Friendship, Covimerce, Indnnnity, 
i(r., Itftirten (freat Britain and China, — Signed ai Nankimj/lWi 
AuguM, 1842. 



[Ratifications exchanged at Hong Kong, 26th June, 1843.] 



[Renewed and confirmed bj Art. I of the Treaty of 26th June, 1858 (Ho. 6)] 

Hek Maje8ty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Cireat 
Britain and Irehmd, and His Majesty the KinjKjror of China, being 
desinnis of putting an end to the misunderstandings and conse- 
quf^nt hostilities which have arisen between the two countries, 
have res4ilve<l to conclude a Treaty for that purpose, and have 
therefore named as their IMeni[K)tentiaries, that is to say : — 

Her Majesty the Queen of (inat Britain and Ireland, Sir Henry 
Pt»ttinger, liart., a Major-Ctenend in the service of the Ejist India 
('ompany, «!fec. ; 

And His ImiKjrial Majesty the Emperor of China, the High 
Commissioners Keying, a Meml)er of the Im|)erial House, a 
guanlian of the Crown Prince, and General of the garrison of 
Canton: and ElepcK), of the Jmiwrial Kindre<l, graciously per- 
mitteil to wear the insignia of the first rank, and the distinction of 
a peacock's feather, lately Minister and Governor- General, &c., and 
now Lieut42nant-(feneral Commanding at (Jhapoo.* 

Who, after having comnmnicated to eacli other their respective 
full powers, and f(uind them to lie in good and due fonn, have 
agreeil ujjon and concluded the following Articles: — 

ARTICLE I. 

Pence and FricmishijK Protection to Persons and Property. 

There shall henceforward \m peace and friendship between Her 
Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland and His Majesty the Emperor of China, and l)etween their 
res|>ective subjt»cts, who shall enjoy full security and protection 
for their |)er8ons and projierty within the dtmiinions (if the other. 

[Sre alM) Tmitj. 26th June, 1H68 (Ho. 6), Art. XVIII.] 

ARTICLE II. 

Canton, Amoy, Foochoir/oo, Ningpo, ami tShangfuii opened to British 

Subjects ami their Trade, 

His Majesty the Em{>eror of China agrees, that British sub- 
jectii, with their families and establishments, shall be allowed to 
reside, for the purpose of carrying on their mercantile pursuits, 
without molestation or restraint, at the cities and towns of Canton, 
Araoy, Foochowfoo, Xingjio, and Shanghai. 

* Althoofh onW two ChinoM PleniputentUriet are here named, the Treaty 
m tmei cifned hj three. 

5 



Auf. », IRif.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. fKo. 1. 

[Ooinmero«, ^te."] 



[Correvpondencr rftpecting the «tate of the Wootung Bur wat laid before Par- 
lisment in 187 4. [Paper C— 950.1 See aIm Conrention of -tth April. IHM\ (Ho. 4) 
mad Afn^eenient of fkii April, lt^7 (Ho. 5). retpecting the entrance of Brituh 
8uhjtvi« into Cnnton. TreatT of 2<^th June, 1H58, Art. XI (Ho. 6). *»(! Treatien 
of m S<-pt<*iiil)er. IH76. § fll (Ho. 12). and 81 it Marrh. 1890 (No. 18), opening 
other Port* to Tnwle.] 

Appointment of BritM Superintnuients or Consuls nt tho^e places ; 

their Duties, 

And Her Majesty the Queen of (ireat Kritain, &c., will appoint 
Superinten«lents,(ir OitiiHular ( )fricer8, to reside at each of the alx)ve 
naiiKHl riiies nr towns, t<» U* the nxMliuni uf coninniniration l>etwc*eii 
the (JIiui«^s4' authorities ami the said merchants, and to 8e<* that the 
just duties anti t»ther du»*9 of the (1iine.se Government, aft hen»after 
pnivithMl for. are duly discharjicnl hy Her liritannic Majesty s 
•uhjects. 

.Amende.). «W \r\w\*^ VIT and XI of TreatT of 2»th June, 1858 (HO. 6). 
pp. IH.20.: 



ARTICLE III. 

Cfsition of lalnnti of Hong Koiuj to Great Britain. 

It hein^ ohviously neccHsar}* and tle.simble that Hritish subjects 
shouM have some port whereat they may careen and refit their 
shi[)8, when retiuiretl, and keep st4»re8 for that purpose, His 
Majesty the Kinpemr of China celled to Her Majesty the Queen of 
(treat Britain, <&c., the Ishmtl of Hon^' Kon^, t4> Ix; possessed in 
per]>i*tuity hy Her liritannic Majesty, her heirs aixi successoni, 
and t(» U* «(overneil by such laws and n*gulations as Her Majesty 
the Queen t>f (treat Britain, &c., shall see lit to direct. 

[See al«o \Hirle VI of the Conrention of 24lh Octoher, 1860 (Ho. 8). rMpect- 
inc CowliHHi. Hong Kong wa* declared, hy a TreaMirj Minute, 7th Jnlj, 1875. to be 
an uiihaalthi place for •uperanauation purpueeej 



ARTICLE IV. 

Indemnity. Payment by China of t'sOOd.OOO dollars for value of 
Opium delict red up as a Ilansutn for Bntish Subjects, 

Tlie Enijieror of China agrees to pay the sum of 6,0(i0,0OU 
dollars, as the value of the Opium which was delivereil up at 
CanUm in the mouth of March, 1H.H9, as a ransom for the lives of 
Her Britannic Majesty's Sui»erintendent and subjects, who had 
been imprisiined and threatent*ii with death by the Chinese High 
OfticerH. 

[In 1842 pAper» vere laid hefore Parliament relating tu the moo&j9 r«c«ivad from 
the I'hineae Authontiea. in th«* Ctt? of Caotoo, un«ler an agreetnent antcrwl 
into with Her Majeetj't Plempoteotbarr. f« the S7th Maj, 1841 } aad m 18M 
fvrtliar papata vart laid bafora PaHiamaot upoo tba aaaa eubjaot-j 



Ho. 1.] ORE.VT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Aug. 29. 1842- 

[Oomniero«, 4ko.] Nftnking. 

ARTICLE V. 

AImJUwh of PrirUnjcH of ITonff }frrchanU at Ports of remiUnce of 
Hriti^i .\fnrhant9. Paifmnit hi/ Chiwi of H,()()(),()00 (hllan^for 
Drhta thif tn British Suhjects hif certain Hoiuj MtrcluiiUii, 

The ( loveniineiit of China havin^; compelled the British 
merchants tradin*; at (Canton to deal excluHively with certain 
Chinese merchants, called IIon«^ merchants (or ( o-Hong), who had 
l>een licensed hy the Chinese Government for that purjxwe, the 
Kmperor of China aj^rees to a])olish that pnictice in future at all 
j)ortfl where British merchants may reside, and to jKjrmit them to 
carry on their meix-antile transactions with whatever pei"Rons they 
please; and His Imperial Majesty further a*»rees to pay to the 
British (fovernment the sum of .'»,000,000 dollars, on account i»f 
deht-s ilue t4) British suhjects l)y some of the Honj^ merchants or 
Co-Hon»;, who have Inicome insolvent, and who owe very laig*^ 
sums of money to suhjects of Her Britannic Majesty. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Indnnmty, Payment hi/ China of 12,000,000 dollars for ExpenMS 
nf liritiah Ri'pedition to demmul Jif dress, Dednrtion of ransom 
rcceired l)i/ British Forces for Chinese tokens, 

Tlie Government of Her Britannic Majesty having been obliged 
to send out an exi>edition to demand and obtain redress for the 
violent and unjust proceedings of the Chinese High Authorities 
towanls Her I^ritauuic Majesty's Officers and subjects, the 
EmjHjror of China agrees to jmy the sum of 12,000,000 dollars, on 
account of the expenses incurred ; and Her Britannic Majesty's 
Plenipotentiary voluntarily agi*ees, on l)ehalf of Her Majesty, to 
deduct from the said amount of 12,000,000 dollars, any sums which 
may have U*en received by Her Majesty's combinetl forces, as 
ninsom for cities and towns in China, subsequent to the Ist day of 
August, 1841. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Periods for jxiyment to he made by China of Indemnities of 

21,000,000 dollars. 

It is agreed, that the total amount of 21,000.000 dollars, 
described in the 3 preceding Articles, shall be paid as follows : — 

G,nOO,(KM) immediately. 

6,000,<HH) in 1843 ; that is, 3,000,000 on or before the 30th of the 
month of June, and 3,000,(M)0 on or l)efore the 3l8t of Deceml)er. 

5,000,000 in 1844 ; that is, 2.500,000 on or Ijefore the 30th day 
of June, and 2,500,o00 on or l)efore the 31st of December. 

4.000,000 in 1845; that is, 2,000,000 on or l)efore the 30th 
of .lune, and 2,000,(K)0 on or before the 3l8t of December. 

Interest on AireeWs, 

And it 18 further stipulated, that interest, at the rate of 5 per 

7 



ug .29, 1842] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Ho. 1. 

Nanking. [Ooamner€«, ^te,"} 

cent |)er annum, shall lie paid by the Government of China on 
any portion of the al)ove sums that are not punctually discharged 
at the periods Hxed 

ARTICLE VIII.* 

Ail British Subftcis {European and Lulian) confined in China to be 

released, 

ARTICLE IX.* 
Amnesty, Kelease a lui Jiuinu nity to Ch ineseforintrly in British employ. 

ARTICLE X. 
Tariff to he issued of Import, Export, atul Transit IhUies, 

His Majesty the Emperor of China a)^»es to establish at all 
the i>orts which are, by Article II of this Treaty, to be thrown 
opi»n for the resort of British nierehauts, a fair and regular tariH* 
of ex|>ort and iiu^iort customs and otlier dues, which tarifl' shall l)e 
publicly notified and proniulgaUnl f<»r genend information. 

tS«« Trrmly, ^Oili Junr, 1H58 (Ho. 6), ArU. XXVI and XXVIII.J 

Transit Duties on British GoinlA conveyed by Chinese into the 

Interior. 

And the Emperor further engages, that when Kritish merehandise 
•hall have once (Mid at any of the said ])ort8 the regulated customs 
and dues, asrret*able t4) the tariff to be hereafter fixe<l, such mer- 
chandise may l)e conveyed by Chinese merchants to any pnivince 
or ci^y in the interior of the Empire of China, on paying a further 
amount as transit duties, which shall not exceeil per cent, 

on the tariff value of such goods. 



[A I)c<cUrmiion wm« tinned on th^ 26ch Jun^, IMS, rMpM»ting TrmnMt Due^, 
(Mo. 2). vhich wftn ftnirndcd bj ArtirW XX Vlll of the TrtmXy of 26ih Juim>. IHoH 
(Mo. 6). i^xxi bj liie RuIm of Tfrnde (§ 7) mtul Tanff of Mh November, 1858 (Mo. 7) 
8t« abo AffTfenieut, 13th Heiitember. 187ti (HO. 12). •od Addittoruil Article. 18ch 
JulT, IH86, S III (Mo. 14) (Opium).] 

ARTICLE XI. 

Corresjxmdenrt betireen British and Chinese Authemties. 

It is agn*ed that Her Britannic Majesty's Chief High Officer 
in China shall ct>rres|»oiHl with the Chinese High Officers, both at 
the capital and in the provinces, under the term ** communication ** 

Im ^^3^ ; the subonlinate British Officers and Chineae 

High Officers in the provinces, under the terms '•statement" 

^ Tfl^^ ^" ^^^ P*'^ ^^ ^^^ former, and on the part of the 

Utter, '* declaration ** S\\ A^ « and the subordinates of both 

• 8m HftUUl'a ComBOT^Al Irmkit^ Vol. 6 Ptf' tSl. 

8 



Ho. 1.] 



GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. 
[Oommeroe, 4ko.] 



[Aug. 29, 1842. 
Nanking. 



countries on a footing of jHjrfect ecjuality: merchants and others 
not hoKIin^ official situations, and therefore not included in the 

above, on both sides, to use the term " representation '* ^p ^^^TJ 

in all papers addressed to, or intended for the notice of, the re«|)ec- 
tive (fovemments. 

[8«« m\m} Agreements of 13th September, 1876, and 10th December, 1880 (Not. 12 

and 13).] 

ARTICLE XII. 

Evacuation of Nankbig and Orand Canal by British Forces. — 
Kodanyaoo ami ChuiUin to he held by British Farces until Settle- 
inent of Moiuy Payments. 

On the assent of the Emperor of China to this Treaty bting 
re<5eived, and the discharge of the first instalment of money. Her 
Britannic Majesty's forces will retire from Nanking and the Grand 
Canal, and will no longer molest or stop the trade of China. The 
military post at Chinhai will also be withdrawn ; but the Islands 
of Kcxdangsoo, and that of Chusan, will amtinue to lie hold by 
Her Majesty's forces until the money payments, and the arrange- 
ments for opening the ports to British merchants, be completed. 

[Koolangtoo waa eracuated bj the British Troope on the 22nd March, 1845. See 
aUo Conrention of 4th April, 1846, for the British Kraruation of Chiitan, Ac. 

(Mo. 4).] 

AKTICLE XIII. 

Exchantje of Jlatijications, Provisions of Treaty to take effect in 

the vuantimt. 

The ratification of this Treaty by Her Majesty the Queen of 
Great Britain, Ac, and His Majesty the Emiwrur of China, shall 
be exchanged as soon as the great distance which separates 
England from China will admit; but, in the meantime, counter - 
}>art copies of it, signed and sealed by the Plenipotentiaries, on 
behalf of their respective Sovereigns, shall be mutually delivereil, 
and all its provisions and arrangements shall take effect. 

\hme at Nanking, and signed and sealed by the Plenip«>- 
tentiaries on l)oanl Her Britannic Majesty's ship " Comwallis," 
this 2*Jih day of August, 1842 ; corresponding with the Chines*» 
dat4\ 24tli day of the 7th month, in the 22nd year of Taoukwang. 

(LS.) HENRY lOTTINGEK, 

Her Majesty* s Plenipotentiary, 



SmI of Um 
ChlMteBlfh 
C< 



i auniMMrt of 

SrdChlocM 
l*l«n«|w««nU«r7. 



WlgnaHiTt of 

tBdCaiDMt 

PtoalpetMitUry. 



Slffastort of 

IttCblBMS 

PlralpotcBtfarj. 



JuM 28. 1848.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. THo. 2. 

[Transit Dum.] 

(No. 2.) DECLARATION rrnftrctvu/ TmnAit Dn/us—SurfwH, 
in titf Entflish tint/ Chine**- lAintjmvjeA, at llontj Komj. \Hj(h 
June, lS4.*i 

[Thi« l>«<*Ur»tion wm ftm^mli^l b? th«> TmitT of StfUh Jun<*, 1H5<^. Artic1«> 
XXVlIi iHo. 6'. H^^aU) loiiT<>ntion. 1.1th S<>plrml»er. 1H7H. § III (Ho. 12).an(l 
Ailditiotml Article*. iSth JuU, 18Mo (HO. 14) J 

Limitation of Ihitien to ejHjttinff Amount. 

WiiKHKAJ-' by Article X of the Treaty I KJtwetMi H<*r MajeHty the 
QiKH'ii of the Tiiitnl Kin^^tloin of (inMit liritain and iR^huid, ami 
His Maj«*sty thi* Kiii|H*n»r of ( 1iina. rondudiHl and si^iieil <in Uwnl 
Her Hiitaiiiitr Majesty's ship ** C'ornwjillis," at Nankin;;, on the 
2yth day of Auj^nst, 1S4L* (No. 1), »'oiTeH|H)ndin;f with the (/hinest; 
date 24th day of the 7th ni<»nth. in the 22nd year tif Taoukwun;;, 
it is sti|)uIat4Ml antl a^ri*ed that lli.s Maje.st\ the Kni|H'ror of China 
sliall t'stahlish at all the |H»rts \%hich hy Artirle II of the Haid Trinity 
are to U* thrown open for the ri*.sort of British merchants, a fair 
and re^lar Tariff (»f ex[K>rt and i!n|K>rt eu.stoin8 and other due.H, 
which Tarif! shall be publicly notitietl and prumul^ateil for general 
information ; and further, tliat when British merchandise shall 
have once {xiid at any of the said ports, the regulated customs 
and tlues, a^'reeably to the Tariff to Ik» hereafter fixed, such mer- 
chandise may l»e ctinveye<l by Cliinem* merchants Ui any provinct; 
or city in the interior of the Kmpire of Cliina, i»n paying a further 
amount of duty as tran.sit tluty ; 

[Aoiendrd hx Article* XXVl. XXVII, and XXVIII of th<> TrvftU of SflCli 
June. 1858 (No.* 6) J 

And whereas the rate of Iransit dutv to 1h» ho h*vi(*<l was not 
fixed by the said Treaty ; 

Now therefore, the unden»i;;ned I*leniiN>teutiaries of Her r»ri- 
tannic Majesty, and <»f His Majesty the Kmj>en»r of (.*hina, (hi 
hereby, on pnKt*eilin^ to the exchange of the l^itifications of the 
said Treaty, agnn* and declare, that the further amount of duty to 
lie 8r» levietl on British mcnhaudise, as transit duty, shall not 
exceetl the present raters, which are upon a nuNierate 8(*ale ; and 
the Ratifications of the saiti Tn»aty are exchanged subject to the 
express declaration and stipulation herein amtained. 

[Am^ndrd bv Rule 7 of the Afrfemetit of 8th Nor ember, 1868 (Mo. 7) J 

In witness wherwif the res|i«H*tive Plen2iK>tentiari«*s havesi^nHnl 
the present iH^daration, and have af!ix«*<l thereto thfir resjM^rtivr 
seals. 

iKme at Hong Kong, the 20th day of June, 1H4'<. corn*s|>ond- 
ing with the Chinese date. Taoukwanu 2'^rd vear, r»th month, and 
29th dav. 

(LS.) HEXKY IH>TTIN(;ER 
(Seal aiid Signature of tlie Chinese Plenipotentiary.) 



10 



Ho. 3.J ORRAT BRITAIN AXD CHINA. [July, 1848. 

[Trade Barolatioiis.] 

TARIFF OF DUTTFi^ ON THE FOREI'JN TRADE WITH 

CHINA. 

Establishetl in pursuance of Article X of the Treaty of 29th 
August, 1S42 (No. 1). 

[Aiiimided Hth NoTeinber. 1868 (Ho. 7); in accordance with Article XXVI of 
the Tmtj of 28th June, 1858 (Ho. 6)0 



(No. 3.) GENERAL REGULATIONS for the Britidi Trade at 
the Five Ports of Ctnto7i, A mot/, Foochow/oOy Nhu/po, and 
Shti nf/hai,*— Jidi/, 1 84^1 

ThcM* K^^ula^iont wt>rc reprinted intact, find forme<l part of the Supplemental 
Treaty of Sth iVtober, 1843, which Treaty ntu abrogated by Article I of the Treaiy 
of 20th June, 1858 (Ho. 6) ; they were howefer amendfd, and embodied in the 
Treaty of 26th June, 1H58, as follows :— 

Regulation 1,-- Pilots, 

[At amended, formed Article XXXV of the Tmtty of a6th June, 1858 (Ho. 6).J 

Rrfpdation 2. — Custom- House Guards. 

[Ae amended, formed Article XXXVI of the Treaty of 26th June, 1858 (Ho. 6)0 

Rfifulation X — Musters of Ships reporting themselves on ArncttL 

[As amended, formed Articles XXX and XXXVII of the Treaty of 26th June, 
1858 (Ho. 6)0 

Regidatio7^ 4. — ComrnercicU Dealings between English anil Chinese 

Merchants. 

[Amended by Articles XXII and XXIlIof the Treaty of 26th June. 1858 (Ho. 6)0 

Regulation 5. — Tonnage Dues. 

[Amended by Articles XXIX, XXX, and XXXI of the Treaty of 26th June, 1858 
(Ho. 6)0 

Regulation 6. — Import awl Export Dues. 

[Amended by Articles XXV-XXVII, XLI. XLII. XLIII, XLIV.and XLV of 
the Treaty of 26th June, 1858 (Ho. 6), Mid Tariff of Sth NoTember, 1858 (Ho. 7)0 

Regulation 7. — Examinaiion of Goods at Custom -Houses. 

[Amended by Articles XXXVII, XXXVIII, XXXIX. XL, XLI, XLII, 
XLIII, XLIV, and XLV of the Treaty of 26th June, 1858 (Ifo. 6)0 

Regulation 8. — Manner of paying the Duties. 

[Amended by Article XXV, XXXIII, and XLI of the Treaty of 26th June, 
1S66 (Ho. 6)0 

Regulation 9. — Weights and Measures. 

[AoModed by Article XXXI V of the Treaty of 26th June. 1858 (Ho. 6). See also 
Afreeroent of Sih November, 1868 (Ho. 7). Rul« ^] 

II 



ApriU, IMfl] GREAT BRITAIX AND CHINA. [Ho. 4. 

Boccm Tiipif. [AdmlMioB of Foreigners Into Canton, 4to.] 

Keijtdation 10. — Lujhtfm or Canjti Boats. 
[Anien<1<Hl Ht Article XIV and XXXI of the Trrstr of 26th Jiiiii*. 1H5S 

(No. 6)1 

Rrgulation 11. — Tmns-shipinent of Goods. 

[Aim^mled bf Article XL of the Traatj of Seth June. 186H (Ko. 6) J 
lUijulatitm 12. — Subordinate Coiutular OjficerA. 

[See Article VII of Irtly of 20ch Jane. 1H5M (Ho. 6). j 

RiyidntiitPi l.J. — Disputes ffrtmrn Urifisli SidtftrtA and (VtinrAr. 

fAniemle.1 hj Article* XV, XVI. XVII. XXI. XXII, ami XXIII of the Trmtv 
of 2lkUh June. XHTiH (No. 6>J 

Mrf/Hiutitttt 14. — lirdisii GovrrnhUfd Cruizfr^ Hiuhorinif trithiu thf 

. AiiieiHlcd h\ Arti«le LI I of the IrrmU of 2»kh June. IHT^s (Mo. 6i j 

Re4jtdation 15. — On tlur S^rurity to Itr ijimi fnr Hritisli Mt'irhant 

J 'rs\els, 

I Amended hr Article XL! of the VrrmXy of 2t;th June. IHAH (NO. 6) j 



(No. 4.) COXVEXTHfX Utmm Grtnt Britnin and China, rt- 
iidirf to fhf tulMiision of Forrit/nrn^ intit the City of Canton, 

^ and to tlu Eratuotiitn **( th»- Inland of (^husan hu thf Briti.di 
Forces, — Sii^ned at Boira Ty/ris, 4th April, 1 840. 

[Tliit Conrentiun vm conllniie<i by Art. LIV of the TreiUj of itkU June. 1868 

(Ho. e).j 

Hkk Majesty the Qiummi of the rnite«I Kin^tloin of CSreat 
Britain iiiid Irebimi.Aiul His Majesty the Kiii|ien>rof Chiiin, having, 
with a view to the settlement of all <|ueMtion.H |jetw«*en the two 
countries, and for the pre^^nation of mutual harmony and <:o<mI 
understiindin^. ap{»ointt*ii a.s their Pleni}ir»teiitiariej<. that in t4» nay. 
Her Majesty the Vjueen of (treat Brit^iin and In*lan<i« Sir «John 
Francis l>avi.s. a lianmei <»f the Tnitt^il Kin;^iom. (Governor and 
C4jmmbuder-iii-< 'hief of Her Majesty's odony of Hong Kon;;. \'c., 
and His Majesty the Kmpen>r of (*hina, the High (N»nimisAi(»ner 
Keying, a MemU*rof the Imperial Houst*. a (^abinet Councillor, a 
Ouanlian of the Crtiwn IVinix*. and (fovenior-(feneral of the Two 
Kwang l*rovinces« ; 

Tlie said IMeni}K>tentiarii*s rvsfiectively have, in pursuance of 
the alio vc- mentioned ends, tuul after communicating t4> each other 
their respi*ctive full powers, and finding them to lie in good and 
due form, agreed upon and conclu<le<l the following Articles : 

12 



No. 4.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [April 4. 1846. 

[BraouAtion of Ohiiaaii.J Booca TigrU. 

ARTICLE I. 

Advnmon of Foreiyrurs into City of Canton, 

His Mftjesty the Kiuperor of China having', on his own part, 
distinctly stated that when in the course of time mutual tranquillity 
shall have l)een insured, it will IniSiife and ri^ht to admit foreifiniGi^ 
into the city of Canton, and the hxal authorities bein^ for the pre- 
sent unable to coerce the people of that city, the Plenipotentiaries 
on either side mutually Jijjree that the execution of the alx)ve 
measure shall he post|M>ned to a more favoumhle jieriod ; hut the 
claim of right is hy no means yielded or abandoned on the i)art of 
Her Britannic Majesty. 

[See Agreement of 6th April, 1B47 (No. 5)0 

ARTICLE II. 

Libert/ and Protectum of British Svhjrrt^ outside Canton. 

Ih'itish subject.s shall in the meanwhile enjoy full libeity and 
|»i*otection in the nei^hbourhooil, on the outside of the city of 
Canton, within certain limits fixed acconling to previous Treaty, 
comprising 70 loailities of which the names wei-e communicatinl 
by the district magistrates to the British Consul on the 21st of 
Novendnir, 1845. They may likewise make excursions on the two 
sides of the river, where there are not numennis villages. 

[Th<»w 1o<'aIitip« wen* where the Proclamution wan to bo pwted. CotituI Mac- 
gregor ttAted (26th Nov., 1846) that *' the places were not in any waj to be oon- 
•ideml as iiidkiitiun of the limits set to the excursion of foreigners, since such 
reasonable spact* was sti)niUt<fl to be aUowed to them as they misht conTenientlT 
^o over in one dav. out and home, within the jiaJe of their respective jurisdiction. 
[Sir J. Davis, J%o\ 172, 8rd Dec., 1846] ] 

ARTICLE III. 

British Evacuation of Chusan, The Island never to be ceded to 

any other Foreign Poifrr, 

It is stipulated, on the part of His Majesty the EmiHjror of 
China, that on the evacuation of (liusan by Her Britannic 
Majesty's forces, the said island shall never be ceded to any other 
Foreign Power. 

[Chusan was fiuallj evacuated on the 26th July, 1846.] 

ARTICLE IV. 

British Protection of Chvsan in event offiostile attack. 

Her Britannic Majesty consents. u{>on her part, in the case of 
the attack of an invader, to protect Chusan and its dependencieb, 
and to restore it to the possession of China as of old ; but as this 
stipulation pn)ceeds from the friendly alliance l>etweeu the two 
nntion.\ no pecuniary subsidies are to be due from China ou this 
accx)unt. 

13 



April 6.1M7.] OREAT BRITAIN AND CUINA. [Mo. 5. 

[Batraao* of BriUsh 8ul]ii«ots Into C«nton, 4to.] 

ARTICLE V. 

Immr^iiUr Emriiatiim of Chusan by British Troops. 

V\H\\\ xXw rpa»i|>t of the si^ini-inanual of His Majesty the 
Kinp**n»r (if China to these presents, it is agreed, on account of the 
distance which separates the two countries, that the Island of 
Chusan sluJl lie immediately delivered over to the Chinese autho- 
rities ; and on the ratification of the present Convention by Her 
Krifannic* Majesty, it shall lie mutually binding on the High Con- 
tracting INiwers. 

1 ><>ne at I^xx*a Tigris, and signed and sealeil hy the Plenipo- 
tentiaries, this 4th day of April, 1846, corresponding with the 
Chinese date Taoukwang, 26th year, 3rd moon, 9th day. 

(LS.) J. F. DAVIS. 

(I.S.) KEYING. 



(No. 6.) A(fKEEMENT of tht Chiruse Commisnmtr, Keyim, 
rclatirr to the Entrantc of BrituJi Subjects into Canton ; ths 
Trade at Honan ; and the Erertio^i of Churches at tht Ports of 
Trade.— i}th April 1847 

ITUu AfTMot^nt vM conftnn«d hj Ariiclt LIV of the Treotj of 16U> June, 
IB&8 (No. 6)j 

(Translation.) 

KKYiN(i, High Imperial Commissioner, &c., semis the following 
reply to each of the pro|K>se<l arrangements which were made 
yesterday officially : 

Entrance of British Subjects into Canton, 

1. The intention of returning my visit in the city is excellent, 
but the time ft)r it ought still somewhat to !)e delayed. It is 
therefore now agreed that two years from this day*s date British 
officers and people stiall have free entrance into the city. 

• 
Punishment of InsuJts to Engiishmen, 

2. Whene%'er Englishmen go on shore to walk, and meet with 
insult, th<* local authorities must investigate the matter and punish 
[the aggressfint]; and the space of one day's journey, just as at 
Sliaiigliai, is also assigned at Canton [for such excursions! 

3. The 4*rimiiuils who in (Xtolier last year wounae<l some 
Englishmen ha%'e, though pursued, not yet bet*n taken. As, how- 
ever, vigilant seaivh is made at present after them, they will soon 
bs apprehended. 

I have on account of the assault made in Manh, frequently 
ssnt ofKoeis to Fahshan t«> investigate and manage this sHkir. 
Xbs dsputtd t—nrtanns now rsport thmi tbey have atisady Urmoed 

14 



Ho. 6.] (iREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [April 6, 1847. 

[Batranoe of British 8ul]ii«cto into OantoB, Ac] 

[the a^prosRora], and several of them will be caught within tw<) or 
thn»e ilavH, and sent to the provincial city in Ik» jud^wl. One of 
our mandarinH will then settle as to the place where they are to 
receive punishment, with an officer of your hon(»urahle country, 
that it may l>e done without loss of time. 

Trade at Honan, 

4. The territory of llonan is a place for tmde. the renting; of 
warehouses or of ground for huilding houses is thcri»fore fully c<»n- 
ccdinl. This will Ihj managed projHjrly by the (*onsul and the local 
authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty.* 

Erection of Churches at Ports of Trade. 

5. Acconling to the American and French Treaties,! the building 
of churches in the Five Ports} is conceded, and it is therefore agreed 
upon that a spot in the neighbourhood of the foreign factories, out- 
side of them, may be rented for erecting one. 

[See alto Trtmij of 26th June. 1858 (Ho. 6), AHicles XI and XII.] 

Whampoa Cemetery, 

It is a laudable act to rent ground at Wham{>oa for making 
graves, and likewise in conformity with the Trejity. Tlie Consul 
in conjunction with the local authorities will settle this matter 
p!X)perly according to the Treaty. 

BuUdiiuf of a Bridge^ dx., at Whampoa, 

6. I have already given orders to the old Hong merchant to 
carrj' into effect [the affairs about the building of the bridge and 
cookhouse], and shall urge him to do this properly. 

Cantofi River to he kept clear of Boats, 

7. The 7th Article is proposed with a view of preventing the 
creating of disturlmnce between the mariners of our respective 
countries, and hence the river [before the foreign factories] must be 
kept clear [of boats]. We shall therefore order the officers of that 
station to (Irive away [the boats] from time to time. 

Tlie above 7 propositions are now all agreed upon ; and I 
submit this clear reply to the consideration of you, the Honourable 
Envoy, addressing the same 

To his Excellency Her Britannic Majesty s Plenii)otentiary, Sir 
John F. Davis, liart, &c. 

Tuoukwang, 27th year, 2nd month, 2 1st day. (April 6, 1847.) 

• See TreatT. 20th June. 1R68. AH, XI (Ko. 6). 

t Bee Ftet fl. I Hee Treatj, 29ih Aufuet, IM2 (Ho. 1), Art. II. 



16 



JuiM 26, 18680 GRAAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 6. 

Tmh-Uuu [OoauD«ro#f Ao.J 



(No. 6.) TKEATY of rEACE, FRIENDSHIP, ami iVAI- 
MEHCE, brtwren Grfat Britain ntui China, — Sujneti, in the 
En(/lish ami Chinrst- LamjuatjeH, at TiKn-txin, 26<A Jufu, 1838. 



[iUtificati<»ns exchanged at Peking, 24th Octoljcr, 1860.^] 



}{ek Majesty the Queen of the Tniteil Kiug<ioni of Great 
Britain an<l In^land, ami His Majesty the Enii>en»r of China, being 
(leMin>us t4> put an end to the existing miDunderHtanding between 
the two eountries, and to place their ndations on a more satisfac- 
lory f< Moling in fiitun*, have re«<»Iv«il t^> pn>r4HMl to a revision and 
inipnu'enient «>f iht* Treaties fxintin^ lK»iwt»en them : and, for that 
puriHim*. have namiHi as th<'ir lMenip*»tentiaries, that is to say: — 

Her Majesty th«* Que^Mi of (In-at Kritain and Indand, the 
Ki^ht Honourable tlie Karl of KIgin and Kincanline, &c. ; 

Ami His Majesty the EmiH»ror of China, the High Coni- 
niiisioners Kweiliang. a Seni«»r Chief S«H:n»tAry of State, Ac ; and 
Hwashana, one of His Inii)erial Majesty's Flx))asitors of the 
Classics. «Src. . 

Who. after having comniunicatetl to each other their respective 
full i)owen4, and foun«l them U% lie in go(Ml and due fonn, have 
agreed upon and ct»nclude<i the following Articles : — 



ARTICLE L 

Confirmation of Trtaty of '29th AuguMi, 1842. 

The Tn*aiy of Peace and Amity lietween the two nations, 
signi^l at Nanking on the 29tli day of August, in the year 1842 
(No. 1), is hereby renewed and continued^ 



* TH« Britifth RirpwgnUtiv», on hU p«MB|pp up Um Ritvt Pviho to •tchAOff* Um 



of thi* TnwtT. VM ob«lnicC«d b j ao act of the Oamton o€ Ta^u i ao 
attotupC VM nuMlr bj the Bntuh and French tnwfM lo fornt a pMMfe up the 
River Peibo. but it wm tfurreMfuUT rmuUM b? the Cliioete. June 34. ISSO} a 
joint eipedition wa« in conftequeno* fitted out trutn Kng laod and Prince, which 
aakd for CliinA, If Arch H, XtAi. The Taku forU. at the mouth of the Petho. were 
MfiCuied bj the BritA*h nnd Krrneh trtMp*. Aufuat tl, I MO. wbieh th«o mnrvhed 
on to Pekinic. au«1 were ahnut to «»prri Srr on ihr I'itT. whrti the Cliinete ffrniitrfl 



aU their (iemand* A Conrrntion wn* u^^nM on the 24lh (K<i(»ber. lMi> (Mo. 8). 
mttfjin|[ the Trtmlj of Tien-tein of June f6. IH&a, nnd etubodjing other eubjecU, 
iaeladang nn nnologj fur the laeult oiervd bj the gpuruoii nt Imko. 

16 



No. 6.] GREAT BRIXAIX AND CHINA. [June 2(1.1 «J58. 

[Commerce, fto.] Tien-Uin. 

Abnegation of Trnde lirfjutntionn of Juhj, 1843, ai\d of ^upplt- 

mentary Trent if (f Orfah^r, 184'>. 

The Supph^nit'iitary Tivaty jin»l (icneral Ke^^iilalions of Tnido 
linvin;^ Ihhmi amended anil irniHovt'd, anil tiie Kubst4ince of their 
I>it»visions havin;i been in(or|M»rated in this Treaty, the said 
Supplementary Treaty and (leneral liegulalions of Trade are 
hereby al)ro<»ated. 

[ For rorre»pt>n(leno«» hetwo<»n Great Britain, Ac, and China re^pwting Inland 
Taxation on Foreign Trade witli China, 1.S79-188(S see State Papen, Vol. 72, 
p^e 390.] 

ARTICLE II. 

A/ypoiufmr/if (f A mha.'i^<rrrIo7\'i^ dr. 

For the better j»reservation of liarmony in future, Her Majesty 
tlic Queen of (Jnat Britain and His Majesty the Kmj)eror of 
China nnituallv au:rt*e that, in accordance with the universal 
j»ractice of great and frientlly nations, Her Majesty tlie Queon 
may, if she see tit, apjMiint Ambassadors, Ministers, or other 
I>i|domatic Agents to tlie Court of Peking; and His Majesty the 
Einpei-or of China may, in like manner, if he see fit, appoint 
Ambassadoi*s, Ministers, or other Diplomatic Agents to the Court 
of St. James'. 

ARTICLE in/ 

liCMihnce of British Rrjnr,^'ntntive nt Peking. 

His Majesty the KmiMTor of China hereby jign*es, that the 
Ambassador, Minister, <»r otiier Diplomatic Agent, so appointed by 
Her Majesty the <^>ueen of (ireat liritain, may reside, with his 
family and establishment, j»ermanently at the capital, or may visit 
it oecasitinally, at the option of the Hritish (Government. 

[Confirmed by Article 11 of Convention of 2Uh October, 1800 (No. 8)] 

Ctremonifi/, d'r. 

He sliall not l)e called \\\>im to perform any ceremony deroga- 
iury to him as representing the Sovereign of an in^lej^endent nation, 
on a fcM»ting of etpiality with that of (iiina. (hi liie other hand, 
he shall use the same forms of ceremony and ns[H'ct to His 
Maj«'Sty the Kmpen»r as are eni] 'loved by the Ambassadors, 
Ministers, or Diplonnitic Agents of Her .Majesty towards the 
Sovereigns ot inde|K'n<lent and e»iiial European nations. 

[(.'orreKjJondence n»'»ne<'ting the Audience pmnteil t«» Her Majc*ty> Minister 
and the other FortMjrn Kcprcwntatircs at Pckini! bj the Kin|HTi>r of China in 1873, 
waa laid before Tarlianieut in lb74. [I*ap«r C. IH.J2. ] State Papem, Vol. Ch, 
page 6&7.] 

Bight of British Govfrninfnt tn hire Ifouses, <(v., at Peking. 

It is further agreed, that Her Map'sty's (Government may 
arcjuire at I'eking a site fi»r building, or may hire houses for the 
arrotninoilation of Her Maj»*sty*s mission, and that the Chinese 
government Mill a&sist it in ><> doing. 

17 c 



Jiin.- 16, IWH] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 6. 

lien-tain. [Commero«, Ac] 

Ri'jht of British Represnititirf at Ptking to choou his own 

SirVitntS, ^ic, 

H«»r MaifstvV I^'^^^^^<♦*ntative «*liall )>e at IjIkmIv to rlH>o-«» his 
own snvaiiis ami utt<-HiIa!it'», who shall not h« .sui»j.'otc«l to uuy 
kind of moh*.>tatinn vvhatewr. 

Kon'.Vu!*'s(ation of British FUp rest n tut ive or his Suite, 

Any jH-renn j^'uilly of tlisriv^iK»ct or violence to Her Majesty's 
Roprosontativf, or to any nh*niUT of his family or establishiutint, 
in dteU or vvonl, bImII ho .scvurtly punished. 

AKTICLK IV. 
Bights aiul PriviUtjfs of British Beprestntativt. 

It is furtlifrai:nM*d, that no nh^ta«'l»* or ditlirultv shall l>c made 
to the fn»«' niovi'iutiits i.f H«t Maif>tyV IJrprrsentativo, and that 
he, and thf |M-r'i««ns **( his >nit*», may ronir and j^o. and travel at 
th«*ir |»h*aHun'. Mr >hall. moiiMiv«-r. hav«» fiill liU'ity to send and 
riTeivf hi-* i'Mrr»*-»|»'ind'iH»*. in and !r'»m any jMiint on tin* scaeiiiuit 
that he may .s'hrt ; and hi> htNi-s and elh-.t'^ >hall U? held saenMl 
an«l invi«»lai«l«*, Wv may ♦•ni|.liy, f<T tlnir trari'-niissioii, H(M'rial 
c •uri«»rH, wh«> >hall m»»i with tin* >amf piMt«-iti««n and faiiliti«*s for 
travidlin-jj as the |M'rs.»ns «*mi»loytMl in rarryin;,' tlfspatches for the 
lm|HTial (iovernmtiit ; ami, l'* n»rally. hv shall eiiJ4»y the sjime 
privili'^^es as are a« mrdrd to nth«ers uf the >am«! rank hy the usage 
and consent t»f \\\'>tern natiMn^ 

All fXiH«n«i«'S att''ndin_' t!.«* l>iilomatir Mission of Great 
Britain in China hhall l>c lorm* hv the l*riti>h (iiivernnieut. 

AKTK'LK V. 

Transaction of Business hetw^^n Brxtisfi B '-present ttivs and Chineu 

U'.iverniu^nt. 

His Maj»'<;ty the Kmfvr>r»»r of China airree<» to nominate one of 
the Si'retarit^s of Stale. «»r a rn-^i-h-nt of on«* of the l>«iar«ls. as 
tlie hiudi othoT with wh«.m thf .Vnil*as«a<h»r. Xlini^ti-r. or othi*r 
I>iph>matir Airmt of 11. r M ij»-!y th»- <^Mi«*»-n, shall tian^aet 
hnsinf-*-, idtl.vr i« r>vnal!y or in writiiig. on a f«M»tinL' uf jKirfect 
e*j'ialitT. 

''H.*^ alto .igTv«m#nt «>f ISib .^I't., 1S76, rrfp<»«tinf Oflei«l Int^reoarM, 

(No. 12) ] 

AKTiru: VI. 

rrxvileges of f*h\nese Am^-*issa*l>rs. cfv*.. in Great Britain, 

Her Maj«'sty the Qu»'»»n of (In it I*ri*ain a^»N*i^ that th»» privi- 
lei»«*s h»»n'hv s«'rtir»>il shall Ik? inj'«viNl in hor dominions hv the 
AuiKaiuadurs. Mniister^, or l)i[»h>matt<^ Ajent.s of the Kin]H*ror of 
CUiuAy accredited to the (Nmrt of Her Maje&tv. 

18 



No. 6.] GREAT nUITAIN AND CIIIXA. [June 20, IH58. 

[Commeroe, Ac] Tion-Uiu. 

AKTICLE VII. 
Apiwintmcnt of Consuls. Mn.^f-Fffnntretf^Xafion Trcatnunt 

Her Majesty the Queen may a|i})(uiit one or more Consuls in 
the dominions of the Knii)er(»r of China; and such Consul or 
Ccmsuls shall l>e at lilxMty lo residr in any of the open ports or 
cities of China as Her Majivstv the (.>ueen mav consider most 
expedient for the interests of l>ritish eommeree. They shall he 
treated with due respeet hy the Ciiinese authorities, and enjoy the 
same privile<^'es and immunities as the Consular officers of the 
most favoured nation. 

Suhifrdiii'fte Consular Ojjficfrs, 

Consuls an 1 Vice-Consuls in char<;e, shall rank with Intondents 
of Circuitii; Viee-Consuls, Aetinj^ Viee-Consuls, and Interpreters, 
with Prefects. They shall have access to the otticial residences of 
these otiicers, and ccmununicate with theui, either [RTsonally or iu 
writing:;, on a fooling of e<puility, as the interests of the public 
service may recjuire. 

[See aUo Article XI, and Agreement, lOth December, 1880 (Nq. 13).] 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Relitjiuus Fntdom in China. 

Tlie Christian reli'^ion, as professed hy Protestants or Komau 
Catliolics, inculcates the practice of virtue, antl teaciies man to do 
as he wouM he done hy. Persoiis teachini^' or professinj^ it, there- 
fi>re, shall alike be entitled to tlie protection of the Chinese autho- 
rities, nor shall any such, i)ea('eaMy [mrsuini^ their callinij, and not 
offending a«^ain.*5i the law, be {KTsecuted or interfereil with. 

[On the Ihh Februarj', 1871, a l^ircular «o» UhihhI hj tlu» Chintme GoYemment 
n IttliiJR t4.» Mi«'»ionariofi, which wa« laid h<«!\>rt' PiiiliniiK'nt in IHTli. t4>^<ther with the 
l"orrrj»jK>ndence which had pa««ed upi>n the ouhjcct. Paprr C UW. Imperial 
IWH'rrea were al»o iMUcd on the 13th June, 18U1, and iHh August, 1H'J5. See 
pp. GbG and 712.J 

AKTICLK IX. 

ras,^ports, 

British subjects are hereby authorised to travel, for their plea- 
sure or for purposes of trade, to all parts of the interior, under 
l>jis»siK)rt« which will be issued by their Consuls, and c(»untersi;;ned 
by the local authorities. These pa*<spoits, if demandetl, must be 
pnMluced for examination in the hxalities passed thn»ui;h. If the 
pa.ss|>ort l>e not in\*«;idar, the bearer will be allowed to }»roceed,and 
no opposition shall Ik* of1ere<l to his hiring' juTsons or hiring vessels 
for the carria;^e of his baggage or mcrchanihse. If he be with<jut 
a i»a«si)ort, or if he commit any oflrnce against the law, he shall 
Im' handed over to the nearest Consul for punishment, but he mu^t 
not be subjected to any ill-usage in excess of necessary restraint. 
No passjK>rt noetl Ihj applied fi»r by jM-rsons going on excursions 
fr«>m the i»orts open to tradt* to a di.stance not exceeding lOO/i, 
and for a jHiricHl not exceeding "» d.iys. 

li^ ' c 2 



June t«. 1858.J GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 6. 

Tieu-uin. [Commerce, Ac] 

The |»n>vi<i«)ns of this Arti4'lti tin not ap|»ly to crews of ships, 
for the cliii' rtstniint of wlinm ngulatious will be ilniwii up hy the 
C\>nsul and the loi'al niithoiities. 

To Nankin, an<l other cities disturlK.Hl hy persons in anns 
afr«ii'»'^t tlie (lovtrnnient, no pa^^i ahull ho given, uiilil they blmll 
have l)een recaptured. 

[Sre Agrr^mrnt i»f Mh NuTembor, lHo<* (No. 7). Rule B. exooDiing Pekiof 
from Rcgulauoiit iTt{><*cting pAM}N»rt«, and Rule 5, respecting Opium.j 

AIJTK'LK X. 

Trade on the llii'tr Yung tsz. Port of Chln-kiang to be opened to 

Trmle. 

British nu-nliant ships shall have authority to trade upon the 
Great iJivrr ( Van;;-tszj. Th«* rpjH*r aii<l I>»wer V'alh»y of the 
river lH.*in;j. however, dislurUd hy outlaws, no jiort shall l»e for the 
j»resent <»p«*n to trade, with tin* exreption of Chin-kiang, which 
f)hall be oikikhI in a year from the date of the signing of this 
Treat v. 

« 

Sm soiui as |w»a<'»» shall have Ihtu restored. liritish vessels shall 
als«> Ut aduiilitMl tn tiade at surh \\*M\^ as far as llan-k«>w, not 
ex(*eedin^ .*> in nunilH,*r. as the liriti^h Minister, alter consulta- 
tion with thf t'hin»-»«- S»m nlarv of Slate, nuiv detirniine shall be 
jHirts of entry and di>char^e. 

AirrirLE XL 

Ports of Xftv-Chirang, Tinvj-Chtm^ Tai-Wun (FnrmoM), Chnu- 
Chow (Su'iitntr), <tml Kiujiij-f'hifH' ( Hainan j optmd to British 
Subjects and th^ir TnnU. 

In additi«»u to tin' eiti**s and t«»wn»i of Tauton. AnK»y, Fuehow, 
Nin^;[»o. ami Shaiitjliai. o|H-n» d by ih«- Titaty of Nanj^'kin^ [21»th, 
Au«;ust. 1S42 (No. l),*i n »•» .tu'n'fd ih.ii liiitish >ubj«Mi,s may 
friMjuful the eitits autl |H»it^ff N« w-rli\\ai|.^».Tani:-< 'h«»w (i'ln'foo), 
Tai-Wan (Formo<;i), ('iiau-<'h«»\v ^.S^^atow , and Kiung-Chow 
(Hainan). [S<*e No. 11, Art VI.] 

^B«v»to« WA» of>ene«l to tra<l«* in IvVO; ar.d Dirfmt. C*hinktatiff. IlApkow, 
Kewkran^. Ncwchanir. anl Tani ut. in 1*^U The cit« »•{ In nt-in •*• al^rt i*|M*ned 
to trade 1>T Artirlf IV t.f \\.t < .fr;%riri.-n of l»Hh «>.•.. Ur. lv>» (Ho. 8> ; •"<! 
Taiwan an<l lN»rt «»f T»ku nn th*» 7t'i N.-t.-m'^r. Iv;| On ihr Ui .\j»rtl. !h77, 
the i\A\*m\*\g a<l'i;M " *1 |^ rt* ««r«* ••{•ei « •! t«» traili' Wij hit, \Vi*n-«'h<»w. I'ak- 
hoi. an«l lohftnK (No. 12. § 3 t 1 1 ^ . Cutti.^- k:ni; >-% tin* A«K1I ArtiHcuf :il«t March, 
UUU <N0. 18> ; «i*'l ^-kOiti^. l.T K«-^<ilaii.>n« of Slh I»etrtitber, iHl*;! (HO. 19) J 

They are |H.Tmitl«M| to rarrv ^n trade with wliomjuK^ver they 
plea<it', and to |.ror»-td to and fn> al ph-a^^ure with their vessels and 
iuerchan«lise. 

Ii> ft of Jh 'I' 'Af . f 7i It n'hr.f. If. *f>i fa!.t, iiu rial'tSroti ndf, Xx. 

Th«*y shall ouj-y the *-,\ui*' pri\ d«-;:»«i. advantage's, and irnmuni- 
tu-i. at ihf >.i'A t«»un«. and {•♦•rt*;, a«* lh»y enj^y at the jxtit** rilieady 
opsueil to trade, including' tiif n;;ht of nstiUeiice, of buymg or 

• Art II. p. S. 

20 



Mo. 6.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Jun« M. 1868. 

[Oomm«ro«, Ac] Tien-Uin. 

renting bouses, of leasing land therein, and of building cburcbes, 
hospitals, and cemeteries. 

ARTICLE XII. 

Eent of Ilousis, Churches, Hospitals, BuriaU Grounds, Jke, 

British subjects, whether at the ports or at other places, desiring 
to build or open houses, warehouses, churches, hospitals, or burial- 
grounds, shall nmke their a<»reenieut for the land or buildings they 
nvpiire, at the nites prevailing among the people, equitably, and 
without exactions on either side. 

[See Ai^reemeut, 13ih Sept., 1B7G, roepccting Foreign Settlemout Areaa (Ko. 12)*] 

ARTICLE XIIL 

Employment vf Chines hy British Subjects. 

The Chinese (Government will place no restrictions wliatever 
upon the employment, by British subjects, of Chinese subjects in 
any lawful ciipaciiy. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Hire of Bouts hy British Subjects, Smuggling. 

Britisli subjects may hire whatever boats they jdease for the 
trAns{)ort of gcKxIs or ptissengers, and the sum to l)e paid for such 
boats shall be settletl between the parties themselves, without the 
interference of the Chinese (lovernment. The numi)er of these 
l>o:ili shall not be limitetl, nor shall a monc»poly in respect either 
of the l)oats, or of the jM)rters or coolies enga^^ed in carrying the 
giM»d3, be granted to any parties. If any smuggling takes place in 
them, the offenders will, of course, be punished according to law. 

ARTICLE XV. 
Jurisdiction of British Authorities in Questions affecting British 

Suhjerts, 

All questions in regard to rights, whether of proj>erty or jHjrson 
arising between British subjects, shall be suliject to the jurisdiction 
of the British authorities. 

[Sm Bntish Order in Council of 9th March, 1865, Part III, page 424.] 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Ad/ninistraiion of Justice, British Comular Jurisdiction in eau of 

Crimes committed by Britisli Subjects, 

Chinese subjects who may be guilty of any criminal act towards 
British subjects shall 1x2 arrested and punished by the Chinese 
authoiities, according to the laws of China. 

liritish subjects \\\\o mav commit anv crime in China shall be 
tried and punished by the Consul, or other public functionary 
authurihed thereto, acconling to the laws of Creat r»ritain. 

•Justice shall be equitably and impartially administered on both 
sides. 

21 



Junt»2riH»s.3 OUEAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 6. 

Tirn-Uin. [Ckmiaieroe, ite,'} 

[" Rritbh funrtionanrAathnrUcil thrroto " tr»npUt<»(l in theClun<«e t^xt " British 
flor«»rnment/* Sec Ajrwiiifiit l.'ttli S.'|>«., 1S7*5 (No. 12). 'S«H-tion 11. § 2. For 
ni?aiiin^of wonU **hui t'linij.** iiiili«-«lii>»r oi'inhiiiKl nctioii. *<•<• 8e<*tu»n II, § 3 of 
Millie A)>n><*iiiriit. See al»o llntu»h ( ^rvlcr in Council of l*th Mari'h, 1H4»5, Part III, 

AKTK'LK XVII. 

I>iyfifft'Af',fin»'n fin fish Si'hj,,t.s ami ('h'i.h.<i\ ('nUAuhir Intervention, 

A I'rilish >u)»j»*« t liavii);: ir.isnii l<» f«»inplain of a Cliint*se, must 
priK'otHl In ihf Consulat*', a»nl <U\W his ;^ri«*van('t\ Tlu' Consul 
\\\\\ in<|uiri» into tlu* iiifits of iln» ra>t*, ami do his utmost to 
arrau''!* it auii« aMv. In Ilk** Tii.inn»T. if a ('hiiM*s4* havi* ri*as<in to 
roiii|ihiin of a T.riti^h »iul'j«ri. th«* rMHsuI shall no h*ss lisi4*n to 
his comj»lainl, an«l rnth*av«inr to sitih* it in a fri«*n<ily manner. If 
«lis|»ut«'S tak«* jijari* of surh a natun*th.it thr ('i»nsul cannot arranj^'O 
lh»'m amicahly, thfU h«» shall n«|U«-Jt tin* as^i'<tan<«» of tin* Chinrso 
auihorilifs. tliat tlu-y may tot^irtluT «-.\amim! into the merits of the 
caMi, and dcciih! it i'4Uilal»ly. 

Al.TK I.K XVI I r. 

Pnttirtii'it fit iinti^li l*» r>»'ti.'i tiiul Vrt>pi rftf. 

Tilt* ('hin«*M» authoriti* -* sliall at all tim«-satlonl thr fulh^st pn> 
tvction to lh«* |KiHi.ns and )'r«»|N ity i»f lliili<h suKj«Mts. \vhfn«*v<»r 
tli»*u» sliall havf Ummi suhjftlrd to ir mdt «»r viohni**. In all rasi»8 
of in<'t»ndiariNm or lol.U ly. tin* hnal aulhoriti»> .sliall at oner tako 
tli»» ut'ci'ssary st»*ps t«»r tht* nMovtry of th«* stol*. ri j»ro|HTty, the 
Bnpj»rt*'*>iou of di>i>rd«T. an<l th** arrmt t)l the j^tiilly |»iirtius, whom 
tht-y will {(uuish acrordin;^ to law. 

A iN»rrr*}H>nil«*n€t» rr«|iet'tinif AntiForriri) Ki«»t«, wa» Ui'l hrfom T'artianient, 
in "Clium Nt.. 3 .IMM.).* anil "i'liina X«. 1 (IMCM"; ani rt'i»ji.vtiMn thi> Co. 
«»| •rnti ti of Neutral l*uwcr» fur their |'f>-t<H tii>n lu oa»c of ncccvviO, m " ChioA 
>o. 3 (lK>4j."J 

AKTirLK XIX. 

If any r»riti?h mi*nhant vr-*<*h whilo within (ljin<»<H.» wntors, 
1m» i»lun<h*nMl hv lolilKf^ «ir Tiial*-'. it ^hall In* the duty of tlie 
('hineS4* authorities to us«* fv»ry endvavour in raj»tun» and {ainish 
the siiid rohlnTs or Tirat^s. and to neovt-r the st«»h'n l»ro|»< rty, that 
it may In.* handed i»ver to thf Consul for re^t^^ration to the owner. 

AHTKLK XX. 

If anv I'riti^h vessid }••• at anv time wn^^ked or stranded on 
IIm' rmist of China, or U* roniiH-lltMl to tak»* refu;:e in any jM»rt 
w:il.in llif «l«»minii'n'» «'f ih** Knf|«i..r of rhina. the <*hin«'Re 
ni:lhfriti»s, on U-ini: a|»j'iiMd i»f th«- fa< t. *h.i!l inim«-diat« ly aih»|»t 
iiMa'«ur»-> for its r»li«f and MTurity . ihf |««i'»»«n'* on Uiind >»hall 
i»«fivf frii'udly tn-atUM nt. and shall U* fi;irii>h»d. if neiM*H*,iiry, 
with tlie means of eon\evanee to the ueari-s»t i oiibuljir dtulion. 

22 



Ho. 6.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA, [June 26, 1868. 

[Ooinmoro«, 4to.] Tien-Uin. 

ARTICLE XXI.* 
Surrender of Fugitive Criminals between China and Uong Kong, 

If criminals, subjects of China, shall take refuf];e in Hong 
Koiiir^ or on l>oard the British ships there, they shall upon due 
requisition by the Chinese autliorilies, be searched for, and, on 
proof of their ^'uilt, ]»e delivered uj>. 

In like manner, if Chinese oileuders take refu^'e in the houses 
or on board the vessels of Ihitish subjects at the open ports, they 
shall not be harboured or concealed, but shall be delivered up, on 
due ref^uisition by the Chinese authorities, addressed to the British 
Consul. 

ARTICLE XXIL 

British and Chineae fraud ident Debtors, 

Should any Chinese subject fail to discharj^e debts incurred to 
British subject, or slu)uld he fraudulently abscond, the Chinese 
authorities will do their utmost to ellect his anest, and enforce 
recovery of the debts. The British authorities will liktrwise do 
thfir utmost to bring to justice any British subject fraudulently 
nbscondin^^ or failing to discharge debts incurred by him to a 
Cliinese subject 

ARTICLE XXIIL 

Debts incurred by Chi fuse at J long Kong, 

Should natives of China who may rej)air to Hong Kong to 
trade incur debts th«'re, the recovery of such debts must be 
arranged for by the English Courts of Justice on the si>ot ; but 
shouhl the Cliinese debtor abscond, and l)e known to have 
pro|H»rty, real or j)ersonal, within the Chinese territ(»ry, it shall be 
the duty of the Chinese authorities, on application by, and in 
concert with, the British Consul, to do their utmost to see justice 
done between the parties. 

ARTICLE XXIV. 

Most'favoured-Nation Treatment in resjKct to Imports and Exports, 

It is agreed that British subjects shall pay, on all merchandise 
imiMirted or ex}K)rted by them, the duties prescrilx,»d by the Tariff, 
but in no case shall they be called uj»on to pay other or higher 
duties than are required of the subjects of any other foreign 
Dation. 



* T)ie eonut ruction of this Article came under the consideration of the Judicial 
ConiR! ----- - . . - 

Kong 

1*1). „ 

OoTemmrnt in April- May, 18t)6, proriciing for the abolition of torture oa the 
#x«cttik>D of Chinaae criminala, in ih« erent of their eitradition. 

23 



* Tlie eonut ruction of this Article came under the consideration of the Judicial 
nimittee of tlic Prirt Council in the apjM^al cafe .»f the Attomej-OenemI of Hooj^ 
Hi% T. Kwok Afinp.' (5 I^w Rep. Priv. to. 179. See also Par. Pap. 1S««. No. 
(I). Notea were eicltangcd between Sir Rutherford Alcook and the Chinese 



J.innSn. IH-s ] GKEAT HHITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 6. 

Tieu-Uin. [^ Commerce, Ac] 

AirncLE XXV. 

Paymfnt of ImjHtrt and Ej'jtort iJutirs, 

Iiii|N»rt dutit'H sliall 1h» i*«»iisii|iTtM| payaole on tlu» hiiuiing of the 
g«xKls, ami duties ot* exiM>ri uii the .sliipiiirut ut iho suiue. 

AirncLK XXVI. 

Jitrisi*fH uf T*n'ijr. 

Whenian tlif? Tarift' tixtvl l.v Arliili* X <»f iho Treaty of Xan- 
kin;;,* an«l ulurli was r>timal«.»l so as to iin|Mise on iinjMirtiJ and 
**x|Mirts a tluty al alHuit th«* nitr of r» |ht <•« iil. ad raL. if ni, has 
\*vv\\ found, hv irason of iht» fall in vahu' of various articles of 
iih»rrhandi«M', tiifr»*in enuiiMMat«d, to inijMi*.** a duty ujmhi these, 
eonsidt'ra*»lv in fxr«'ss of ihf ratv oiii^'inallv a**sUTiu**l as alnive to 
Ik* a fair rat**, it is ai:n*ed that th«' <aid Taiitf shall U* rrvist»<l, and 
that a-* s«H»n as tin* Ttf.ity '^hall have 1h«ii si^md, aj»j»liration shall 
Ik* made t«» th«' Kni|H'n»r of t'hina to d«*|»ul«' a hii:h oHic4*r of the 
f^«iiinl of lii*\«niu* to ni««'t, al Sh m-jhai, oilirtT-. l4) U* d?|*ut«»d on 
)N*half of tip* liiiii^h < lM\»iiiiuriit. to rMii>id«r it> r»*vi::inn toj^M*ih4*r, 
ho that th«» Taiitf. a^ r-vin.-l. may tome* into ojM-nitioii imuicdiately 
nttcrthe nititirati«»n \*i thi^ Tr«*atv. 

« 

[8o« Igirvmnil of Slh N..i,.mUr, ls:»s (Jfo. 1), •n<l Tarilf. l«gc» 37, 3H.] 

AKTirLK XXVII. 

Ihirntiitii titul J^rrtsn'H oj Treaty aful Tariff. 

It ia a;:n*t*d that i*ith»*r of ilh* Ilijh r.mtnw'tinL: l*arlies to thi^ 
Treaty mav d«*maiul a fuilh«-r rivi^:..!! of th«* Tariff, and «»f tim 
Commmial Artirh*;* of this ri»*aty, at lh«- t*n«l of lU >»*ars; hut if 
no dfumnd Ikj mad** f»n i'itii«T <*idt* within niMHtli^ after the 
end of the tir>t 10 yiMrs, tli**n tlur Tariff shall r«inain in fone 
for lO y«*ars mon*, nM-konrd fi«»m the i-nd «'f th«.* pr«*ccMlin)^ 10 
)'« ars ; and H4j it ahall be, at the end of each sueces»siye ^.-erioJ 
ot 10 years. 

[V»»w in f€»iv«» till 24«h 0.t.i>»rr, !>■». A Sui^plr-mrntArr C«mT^ntii>fi wm 
•IiSiumI hr Sir Ruth^rf«*iM AI«iK'k nt.-i \\i% ('hire*** Authontlr* on the 2t3nl < >otiib<>r, 
1m;imN6. 11 >. ^ut tt «M nut rmttticii bv llrr \Lmy\j. 6«e " llaoaara DebfttM," 
▼ol A'l', p lt;:i4.J 

AHTlrLK XXVIII. 

Transit Ihtrs. 

WhorPHs it wa« ai:Tet*«l in Arti< !•• X of tli** Treaty of Xanking,* 
that British iin{Hirts. haying {>.iid th»' Taiin dutii-^. should l*e con- 
v#yt»d into ih»3 inl«rifr fri»- of till runi.*r * ljar.;»*«», c*xi«*pt a tninnit 
duty, the aiu'iunt wlM-n-it w.is n«»t ti»»x<»»d a rrrtain |H!r«#*iiia^e 
c»n tariff yaliu* ; an«l wh«T»*as nn an uiat^ iiil«rmalii»n haviii;; U«ii 
lurni*ihiHl of th«» .'nH'Unlof >uch duty. Hiiti*»h nj»n haiit** hav«* <ou- 
•tautly c^^uiidaint-d that rharyia an* sud>h wly and arbitrarily iin- 

• SWth Aufuit. \^U (Mo. 1). 

24 



Ho. 6.J GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA, [June te, 1858. 

[Commero«, fto.] Tien-Uin. 

jMised by the provincial authorities as transit <hities upon produce 
on its way to the foreij^n niarkft, and on iiujMirts on their way 
into the interior, to the detrinient of tnide ; it is aj^reed that 
within 4 nmnihs from tlie si)^nin«^' of this Treaty, at all ]M>rt3 
now ojHMi to Uritish tradt*. and wiijjin a .similar perioil to all jK»rt3 
that liiay hereatter he opened, the authority apiH>inted to sujKjr- 
intend the et»llection of duties shall l»e olili^'ed, upon application 
of the Consul, to declare th<i amount of duties leviahle on j»roduce 
K'tween the place of pnMluetion and the port of shipment, and 
U|H>n imjMirts l>etween the Consular [»ort in question and the 
inland markets named 1)V the Consul; and that a notification 
thereof shall be published in Kn^lish and Chinese for general 
information. 

y' Hut it shall 1k» at the option of any British subject, desiring to 
<*onvey produce purehasi'd iidantl to a port, or to convey imports 
iVom a port to an inland market, to clear his ;{oods of all transit 
duties, by payment of a single ehai*ge. The amount of this 
char<;e shall l»e leviable on exports at the fust barrier they may 
liave to pass, or, on imjxuts, at the port at which they are landed ; 
and on payim*nt tlu'reof, a certificate shall be issued, which shall 
exempt the j^oods from all further inlantl char^^es whatsoever. 

^It is further aj^'reed that the amount of this chaise shall be 
calculated, as nt»arly as p<»ssible, at tlie rate of two and a half i>er 
cent, ad vahtrem, and that it shall be lixed for each article at the 
Conference to be held at Sh.inj^hai fi>r the revision of the TariflT. 

It is distinctly understood, thai tin; paynjent of transit dues, 
by commutation or otherwise, shall in no way aflect the Tariff 
duties on imports or exports, which will continue to be levied 
sepanitely and in full. 

[See AgrotMiiont of 8th Norembcr, 1858 (No. 7)i Rule 6, respecting Opium, Ac., 
and Kulo 7, renpicting Transit dutM.] 

ARTICLE XXIX. 
Tonmuje Dues. 

r>ritish merchant- vessels, of more than 150 tons burden, shall 
l>e char^eil tonna^re ilues at the rate of 4 mace i>er ton ; if of 
ir»0 tons and under, they shall be charged at the rate of one mace 
|H;r ton. 

SfHcial Certijiciite to Vessfh charing from ont Chinese Port to 
another Chinese Purt and J or Hong Kong, 

Any vessel clearinj^ from any of the open jwrts of China for 
any other of the open ports, or for Hon^ Kong, shall l^e entitled, 
on application of the master, to a si»i»cial certificate from the 
Customs, on exhibition of which she sliall iKi exempted from all 
furth«*r i»ayment of tonna^'e dues in any o|>en jK>rt of China, for a 
jKMiod of 4 mouths, to be reckoned from the date of hex port 

clearance. 

25 



Juno 2«^, lHo8.] OREAT BIUTAIN AND CHINA. [Ho. 6. 

TiMi-Uiiu [Cknnm«ro«, Ac] 

ARTICLE XXX. 

Tonnagt Dufs, Exemj^t ion from Payment in certain eeues. 

Tlio iiiasttT i)l anv IVitish iiK*r«;hjiiit- vessel iiiav, within 48 
liours after the arrival of his vessel, hut not hi lor, deeiiie to depart 
without hrt-akiii;^ hulk, in wl»iih ease he will not l>o suhject to j»ay 
tonnaj^edues. Uut touna;^** dues shall Ik* held due after the expira- 
tion of the sai«l 4S h«»urs. No other fees or charge8 uik>u entry or 
departure shall he levied. 

[See Agreoment of nth Noremher, 1H58 (No. 7), Bulr 6.] 

AIJTK'LK XXXI. 
Exemption of certain liritish Btxits from Tonnage Dues. 

No tonna^'e dues sliall U» payahle on iMtats employed hy British 
8uhj«*cts in the entivryaine of pa?*s»*nu'«*rft, ha^'i^a^^e, letters, articles 
of provisions, or other articles not suhjfet to duty, U'tween n!iy of 
tn*» ojH»!i jHirts. All eapjo Uiats, ho\vever. conveying; merchandise 
Hu1>it*et to duty shall pay tonnai^e dues once in G months at the 
rale of 4 mace i>er register ton. 

AiniCLK XXXII. 

Buoi/s^ JiotoaiJi, Li(//t(hnuses, li'e. 

Tlie Consuls and SujH-rinlendent.^ of Customs Miall consult 
to^rrther rej^ardinj: the erection «»f Uarons or li;^hthouHe.s, and the 
distribution of buoys anil li;^dil->hips, as occasion may demand. 

AKTICLK XXXIII. 
Payment of I hit i* a in Syrrf ur F*>reitjn Money. 

Duties shall Ikj paid to th«* hankers, authoristMl by the Chinese 
Govcniment to it-euivf th«* >anie in Us Udialf, either in .sycee or ia 
f4»n'i;:n monrv, according to the a.^^ay maile at Canton on the 13th 
of Jul v. 184i 

[l'«nv«p<in<lriine rr«pe<ctini{ Supjilj <f SiUfr in thi» Chim^ie MarkeU, and tb« 
R«tr« t>f Kichantff* at hiiant; lui xu 1 i'tut--!.. •!• arli •* a lirturu rt^Utiog to ChioeM 
Curreocr, w«« laAtl before pArliaiucut lu !<»>. I'aper >io. 2^7. j 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 
Standard IVeijhti and Mouures to be kept at each Consulate, 

St'ts of standard Wfi-jhts and m*^asur»*s. pri*j>are«l a'*''f»rding to 
the standanl i.*sui*<i to the Canton Custoin-Hou^'e by thf THianl of 
Krvenue, shall l«e d»divt*red by the Su|Hrinl«-nd«nt of (*ust4tm8 to 
the Consul at each purt, to secure uniformity and prevent con- 
(uaioD. 



St* aUo XfTMarmt of bib NoTrmbw'. Ibi^ ^Mo. 7'. Ral# i.] 

26 



Ho. 8.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [June 2fl, 1R68. 

[Ck>mm«roe, Aw.] Tian-Uin. 

ARTICLE XXXV. 

niuts. 

Any British incrcliant-vosscl arriving; at ono. of the open ports, 
shall [m at liln-rtv to fii''a''c tin- siTviocs of a I'ilot to take her into 
lM»rl. In likt* iiianner, alter sIk* lia.s dischaiynl all li*|^al dues and 
duties, auil is reaily to taki* her departure, she shall Ih3 ulluwed to 
select a Tilul to conduct her out of port. 

AKTICLK XXXVL 
CuMom - ITouM' (f xia rds. 

Whenever a British merchant-vessel sliall arrive off one of the 
o]H»n p>rts, ihe Superintendent of Customs shall <lej>ute one or 
more Customs ot!icers to ^uard tlie ship. They sliall eith<*r live in 
n l»oat of their own, or stay on hoard the sliip, as may hest suit 
their convenii'nre. Their food and expenses shall Ik? suj»plied 
them from the Custom-I louse, antl tliev shall not Ix; entitled to 
any fees whatever from the master i»r consi;;nee. Should they 
violate this regulation, they shall be punished proj>ortionately to 
the amount exacted. 

AKTICLE XXXVII. 

Liahility of Vessels iutcrintj Port, 

Within 24 hours after arrival, tlu» ship's j^apers, hills of lading, 
kv., shall Ixi lo<l;^eil in the hands of the Consul, who will, within a 
further j)eri<Hl of 24 hours, rej)ort to the Superintendent of Customs 
th«* name of the ship, her re;^ister tonnage, an<l the nature of her 
cai"go. If, owinj^ to ne^dect on the part of the master, the above 
rule is not complies! with, within *1S hours after the ship's arrival, 
he shall Ik? liable to a tine of 50 tfiels for every day's delay; the 
total amount of penalty, however, shall not exceeil 200 taels. 

[Soe also Agreement of 8th NovembiT, 1S5S (No. 7), Rule a] 

Ships* M(nn/*,<(s and Bills of Lading, 

The master will l)e responsible for the correctness of the mani- 
fest, which shall contain a full ami true account of the particulars 
of the cargo on iMianl. For presenting a false manifest, he will 
snbjtM-i himself to a line of r>O0 taels ; but he will be allowe<l to 
coiirrt. within 24 hours after didiverv of it to the Customs ollicers, 
any mistiike he may discover in his manifest, without incurring 
this i>enalty. 

[S«e aljo Agreement of 8th Noremher, 1858 (Ho. 7), Rule 6.] 

ARTICLE XXXVIII. 
Permif to oj^n Hatches and discJiarge Goods. 

After receiving from the Consul the report in due form, the 

27 



Jane 26, 1858] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Mo. 6. 

Tmh-Uui. [Oomm«roe, Ac] 

SuiKjrintendent of Customs shall i^rant the vessel a permit to open 
hatches. If the masUT shall (»|>en hatches ami U^^iii to discharge 
any •^«hk1s without sucii pt'riiii:»sion, he shall l>e lined 500 tuels, 
aiid the go«xls discharged shall be cuutiscaled wholly. 

AUTICLE XXXIX. 

Permits to Land and Shij) Cargoes, 

Any British mcn*hant who has car^o to land or ship, must 
apply to the Su|HTint4Mnlfnt of Cu.^toms for a siKM-ial i>ermit. 
Cargo landed or shi[»i>ed without such (lermit will be liable to 
eontiscatioiL 

AUTICLK XL 

TratiS'sh ipmtnts. 

No trans-shipment from one vessel to another can be made 
without s(KM!ial }>crmissiun, under pain of confiscatiou of the goods 
80 trans- shipiHiiL 

AHTICLE XLI. 

Purt'cUaranc€$. 

When all dues and duti»*s shall have U»on paid, the Super- 
intendent of Customs shall ^'iv»* a |M»rt-<'h*aran<*«', and the Consul 
shall then return the ship's [>ai»ers, so that she may depart ou her 
v«»yage. 

AUTICLE XUI. 

MoiU of levying ail valorem IhUy on Goods, 

With respect t^) article'* '5u]ije<!t, aco'»rding to the TarifT, to an 
ad mlnrtm duty, if the llriti^h m»*n hant cannot aj^tM! with the 
Cliinese t)flicer in fixing: a value, th«*n each party shall call two or 
lhn*e merchants to l«M»k at the giM)'Is, and the highest price at 
which any «)f these merchants wtinld tie willing to purchase them, 
shall be assumed as the value of the '4<i«n1.s. 

[Sm aIm Agreemeot of bth November, IS^ (No. 7). RuU 1] 

ARTICLE XLIIL 

Moiis of levying Duties on Goods. 

Duties shall be charged ui>on the net weight of each article, 
making a deduction for the tare, weii^lit of congee, Ac. To fix the 
tiire ou any article such as tea, if the Uritish merchant cannot 
a;:ree with the Custom- Honse otticer, then eai h party shall rhooee 
•4) manv che.»its <iut of everv 1<m), win* h Uinjj first wrijjhed in 
gross, shall afterwanls l>e tared, and ih** a\»T.i.:«' tare u[Nin these 
chests shall be AS<tum«'d a^* the tare ui«»n the uh..!.- , au<l u|K»n this 
principle shall the tare be fixed ufMtn all other ii^nmU in |iackages. 
If there should be anj other {xanLs in dispute which cannot be 

28 



Ho. 8.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [June 2«. 1868. 

[Oommerce, Ac] Ticn-tsin. 

settled, the British merchant may appeal to his Consul, who will 
communicate the parliculiins of the ciise to the Superintendent of 
Customs, that it njay Ik* e<iuitably arranged. But the aj»i)cal must 
be made within 24 hours, or it will not be attended to. While 
such points are still unsettled, the Su|>erintendent of Customs shall 
postpone the insertion of the same in his books. 

ARTICLE XLIV. 

Kedudion of Duty on Damaged Goods, 

Upon all damaged goods a fair reduction of duty shall be 
allowed, proportionate to their deterioration. If any tlispute arise, 
they shall be settled in the manner pointed out in the clause of 
this Treaty having reference to articles which pay duty ad vcUartin, 

ARTICLE XLV. 
Re-exportation of Duty -pa id Goods. 

British merchants who may have imported merchandise into 
any of the open ports and j>aid the duty thereon, if tliey desire to 
re-export the same, shall l)e entitled to make application to the 
Sui>erintendent of Customs, who, in order to prevent fraud on the 
revenue, shall cause examination to l)e made by suitable officers, 
to see that the duties paid on such goods, as entered in the Custom- 
House books, correspond with the representation made, and that 
the gJXKls remain with their original marks unchanged. lie shall 
then make a memorandum on tlie port-clearance of the goods and 
of the amount of duties paid, and deliver tlu; same to the merchant; 
and shall also certify the facts to the oliicers of Customs of the 
other ports. All which being done, on the arrival in j)ort of the 
vessel in which the goods are laden, everything l)eing found on 
examination there to correspond, she shall be j>ermitted to break 
bulk, and land the said goods, without being subject to the pay- 
ment of any additional duty thereon. But if, on such examination, 
the Superintendent of Customs shall detect any fraud on the 
revenue in the cjise, then the giKxls shall be subject to confiscation 
by the Chinese Government. 

Drawbacks.^ 

British merchants <lesiriug to re-export duty-paid imports to a 
foreign country, shall be entitled, on complying with the same 
conditions as in the case of re-ex jxirtaticm to another port in 
China, to a draw-back certiticiite, which shall be a valid tender to 
the Customs in payment of import or export duties. 

Foreign Grain. 

Foreign grain brought into any port of China in a British ship, 
if no part thereof has been landed, may be re-exported without 
hindrauce. 

• H— AgrMmeni ISih SepW^mber, 1876 (Ko. 12). Art. Y. 

29 



JttM 2<;. lft'>S j GllEAT IlKfTAIX ANO CHINA. [No. 6. 

Ti«D-UiD. Cominerctt, Ac,^ 

AKTICLK XLVI. 

Prf vr 71 (ions > » //' # / n.<i Fni loi antf .*^//» *///;/// n(j. 

Tlio Chiiii'se aiillioriii«»H ut «Mrli i»ort sliall a<l«i|»t tho moans 
they may jutlin* most pnnKT to |>ri'Vfnt tlio reveiiuu butlering from 
Fraud or Smujjj^'liii;;. 

[S«o Not**, j»nj«' 4S ^ 

AUTKM.K XLVIL 

Briiuih Vfsstls tradimj vUh P>>rf.'i m*t iqu^nfd hy Treaty liahlt to 

f ^iiifist'titmn. 

Rriti'^li mtToliant %'«*-<••!•« ar»- ni»t riititliMi to resort to other than 
the {Hirts of trail.* «I."1.ip-.1 n|M-n hv this Tn-aty. Tliey are not 
unlawfully to i«iit«T ntl.i'i {• -rt^ in China, or to carry on olanih*stin« 
tra«!<» ahuji: tip* r..i*!s tlit-r ■••!*. Any Vf^-tl vii>Iatini» tliis proviniiin, 
shall, wiih luT calico, In? >u!tji'(t i-) «ontiMation hy the Cliineso 
(■ovcrnment. 

AHTIt^LK XLVIir. 
GiHjfiji on British VtS'i^l'i /"t/uJ r,.ir.'rn'*i in Sinu'jjliug liable to 

If anv Iviitish miTihant vi'-iM»l U* ri»n«*»Tn<»<l in Smupj^linp. the 
gomls, what«'V«'r lh«'ir vain** or natim*. •»hall U* sultjtit U* <*onti«»rA- 
ti(»n hy the ('hint's** a»ith»»nti«"*. an«l tin* ship may U) |>rohi)iite4l 
from tniilinj furihrr, an*! S4*nt awav as soon tts her accounts aluiU 
h4ve Ikx*u u«lju.sLe*l an<l |ku«I. 

AKTKLK XIJX. 

rennltif^ initirtf-.l f.^r Sinu m-'H'I tn Monn to China, 

All |>onalli«*s *Miror«'»«|..,r r.intis. :iii..ns m i<i<\ nndi'r thin Tn^aty, 
shall lx;l"n4 an«l U* ai»j.:«'j.riau«l to the public services o( the 
Uoveniment uf China. 

rSce S'ttc, j»^o P«.] 

AirnrLK L 

La ngvntjf to h< /■//»/ ■ '• » v*' / in f \fj{*''. il C'^kmun iratums. 

All oflirial f'*»mmnni«*iti"iis. aMr.--**-! liy the I^iphimatic and 
Con-iular A-»iits ..♦ H.-r M.^j'-ty :);.• i* ;.. n i., ih,. Chinrsv autho* 
ritirs. shall. h«n»f'.rih. U* \%n!t. II in Ka^rli-^h. Tlh^y will for the 
pri'Ht'nt U- ai- I'Mip tn:- •! l-y .i < jai.t -»• \.!-»i..n. hnt it i-* nnilf'rit4MMl 

that, in \\u' ••\tni . f 'Is-r.- t* :nj .:!i\ •!;*!• iii. I iiii-aniii;; U'twifU 

ihf Kn.iliih an«l rjiM.i ^.. t. \t. ih.- Iji^'l>h < i«.v.rn!iitnt v%ill ho|«| 
till! ^t'us*' ;ls I'XpP'-sr.l m tl,.- Knj!i-h i« \i («> )»• ihi* i'<.rrtul stfnsi*. 
This pr>>\i<-i<>n is to aj'jiy t«» ih*- Tr-aly n^M n«'.:otiat«'(l, the 
(*hin*-M' t*:xt of which hx-i Um « .ii« filly t»»rrcat«i hy the Kiigluh 
original 



No. 6.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Juno 26, 1868. 

[Commerce, &c.] Tien-isin. 

AETICLE LI. 

Tfu Chinese character " I " d^ (barbarian) not to be applied 
to the British Government or to British Subjects. 
It is agreed, that henceforth the character " I " dB (barbarian) 

shall not be applied to the Government or subjects of Her Bri- 
tannic Majesty in any Chinese official document issued by the 
Chinese authorities in the capital or in the provinces. 

AETICLE LIL 
Facilities to be granted to British Ships of War. Piracy, &c. 

British ships of war coming for no hostile purpose, or being 
engaged in the pursuit of Pirates, shall be at liberty to visit all 
ports within the dominions of the Emperor of China, and shall 
receive ■ every facility for the purchase of provisions, procuring 
water, and, if occasion require, for the making of repairs. The 
Commanders of such ships sliall hold intercourse with the Cliinese 
authorities on terms of equality and courtesy. 

AETICLE LIII. 

Measures to be taken for Suppression of Piracy. 

In consideration of the injury sustained by native and foreign 
commerce from the prevalence of Piracy in the seas of China, the 
High Contracting Parties agree to concert measures for its sup- 
pression. 

AETICLE LIV. 

Confirmation of previous Treaties. Most -Favoured-Nation Ireat" 

m^nt conferred on British Subjects. 

The British Government and its subjects are hereby confirmed 
in all privileges, immunities, and advantages conferred on them by 
previous Treaties : and it is hereby expressly stipulated, that the 
British Government and its subjects will be allowed free and equal 
participation in all priWleges, immunities, and advantages that 
may have been, or may be hereafter, granted by His Majesty the 
Emperor of China to the Government or subjects of any other 
nation. (See No. 11, Art. I.) 

AETICLE LV. 

A Separate Article to be agreed upon, providing for the hid^mnity 
to be paid for Losses, cfec, of British Subjects at Canton. 

[A separate Article on this subjert wns agreed upon, but it was annulled bj the 
ConTenlion of 24th Octpber, 1860 (No. 8)1 

31 



Not. 8. 1858] 



GREAT BRITAIV AND CHINA, 
[^Kul«s of Trade.] 



[No. 7. 



AIJTICLE LVI. 

J{u(ijictU ions. 

The nit ificat ions <>f tlii'' Trcitv, iukIit the hainl of Flor Mjiicstv 
the Qin»i*n ot (ireat Britain ami Ir»*lainl, aii«l lli.s Maj**sty lln3 
KniiHfn»r of diina. n'spMriiv«*lv. sli.ill Ini cxcliaii;L'CMl at I'ckinir. 
within a year from this dav of si-'naiun*. 

[Se© ArtiolM I An<i VII of Conrmtion of 2ith October, 1860 (No. 8) ] 

In token whi-reof, the n.*siH.*ctivo Pk*niiM>tontiarie«* have si^^'nod 
and M'aled this Tn-atv. 

I)one at Tit-n-t-in, this 2'»th day of Jun«.\ in tht» year of our 
I>ord. IH.'i.S ; corri-^iMindiiiL: with thi* Chinese dal«\ the IGth <lav. 
5lU luuuu, of llif .stli vt-ar of lli'-ii Fun;:. 

(.I.S.) EUJLV AN'l) KIXC.VRDINE. 






.M.'Mstiirr of 

'Jnd • lii*<«a« 

lleniiii.trntiArj. 



t«nt.«r.i •. I 

I 



rfH''h,j''r A«'vs/>j nj JirifiJi ,S'"/y'«'/< '// f'Hit'Hi ; tttul a further 
sum nf li,UUn,0UU TolU J'>i' Kji'*n.-<s vf BriiiAh KtpfdUUm to 
(liuvi 

f Annull*»il, unci a furlhrr Inl«Mti? i»T ••iiffi^:*'*! t.i b<» |)aiil hr i^hina. bjr Article III 
of tbe Coufcnttoii of 24«li < Vt.^^^r. 1hiV» .Jfo. 8.» , 



(No, 7.) At;i:KK}fK\r f.'/i/w, ,..,7 /;,///< ./ Tra^f^, mmh in 
jtur<uin\rf nf Artu!^ AW I'/ *( t'hf Tr"'fit *'f 2r*th June, IH08. 
— Si't urd at Sitiiiujhm, >'th A "<>;/<'-/* , I ^ 5 S . 

WiinrK\s it wa-* pniviii-.l hy ih.« Tr.aiy «»f Ti«*n-t»»in (No. 6, 
Arti<l«» XXVI » that a roiil«r« ii< f «.l,i.ul.l In: h«ld at Slian;^hai 
lwt\vi-«-ii i.tVi«'«r^ d«|'Mt»'«i 1'V th»' r»r:t:^h <n»v»rnim'nl ««n th»* «»ne 
jiart, an«i hy lh»- < },:ii.^i- < i(i\*iiiiiii ht *n \\\*' "thi-r imrl. f'-r lli«» 
|iuriMi«io «'f dft«'riiiininj th»' ani"i:iii i«f' tariM «!::ti'"» and tran'*;t 
liiH'S to ln» li«-ni'«'t"ith 1»\ :•'!, a < ••i.!»'rti'<»' hi-* W* n h»ld a''«»rd- 
in:^lv ; a?id it«« |»r»*< t «*iiin^^ \\.k\*' l-»n s'il'iii:M« «l \»* th** lli^'ht 
IIoiiMuraM** tli»* ICirl <'f Kiji:» iii-i Km* ird:ii»'. IIi;^h Cmnn'- 
i^iiuier and l*lcni|*<>t«iiti.ii\ mi' IIi-i iWitinnp M.ij« -ty th** <Jii*'*'n, 
on tiie one \*AXi , and t«) Kui:!-ii.^, U\%a^iiana. Ho K\%i'iUin^. 



Ho. 7.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Nor. R, lR5ft. 

[Boles of Trade.] Hhanghai. 

Mingshcn, and Twau Ching-Shih, Tli^h Commisflioncrs and Plcni- 
{Nttenliaries of His Ini]>erial Maje.sty the Enipi*n>r, on the oilier 
]iart; tliene high oHicers have a<^reed and determined npon the 
n»vised Tariff hi-reto appende<l, the rate of transit dues therewith 
tle<'lariHl, toj^ether with other rules and rt^j^ulations for the Uitter 
explanati(»n of tin* Treaty aforesaid ; an<l do herehy agree that the 
Miul tariff and rules — the latt4*r being in 10 Artiehis thereto ap- 
])t*nded — shall l>ee<iually binding on the ( rovernnients and subjects 
of Uith rountries with the Treatv itself. 

In witness whereof, they hereto allix their seals and signatures. 

I iulc 1 . — [ ^nen u merated Ootkh. 

Articles not enumerate*! in the list of ex|K>rtrt, but enumerated 
in the list of im|)orts, when exporteil will pay the amount of 
tluty set agiiinst them in the list of imports ; and similarly, articles 
not enumerated in the lists of imjMirts, but enumerated in the list 
«»f exp<»rt8, when imiM)rte<l will i>ay tlie amount of duty set against 
them in the list of ex|Hjrt8. 

Articles not enumerated in either list, nor in the list of dutv- 
free goods, will pay an lui valorem duty of 5 |>er cent, calculated 
on their market value. 

[Set also Treatj of 26th June. 1858 (No. 6)» Article XLII.] 

Kule 2. — Duty- Free GiHxh. 

Hold and silver bullion, foreign coins, flour, Indian meal, sago, 
bis4'uit. i)n»st»rved meats and vegetables, cheese, butter, con feet i<>nery, 
fon»ign clothing, jewelleiy, plated ware, |)eriumery, soap of all 
kiiiils. charcoal, fire W4hh1, uindles (foreign), tobacco (foreign), 
cigars (forrign). wine. U»er. spirits, household stores, shii>s* sU»res, 
]K'rs<»nal baggage, staticmery, cariK.»ting, druggeting, cutlery, foixjign 
medicines, and glass and crystal ware. 

The alnnv imy no imjM)rt or ex|)ort duty ; but if transported 
into the interior, will, with the exception of j)ersonal baggage, gold 
and silver bullion, and foivign coins, ]uiy a transit duty at the rate 
of two and a-half jKir (vnt. wl vo/orcm. 

A freight or part freight of duty-free commodities (personal 
l»ni:gagi*. gold and silver bullion, and foreign coins excepteil) will 
rentier the vessel carrying them, though no other cargo l»e on board, 
liable to tonnage dues. 

Kule 3. — Con'rnhtnd (lorHh, 

Import and export trade is alike prohibited in the following 
articles: gun|MAV(i(»r, shot, cann«»n. fowling-pieces, rifles, muskets, 
pi;itoU, and all other munitions and im]»1ements of war ; and salt. 

Hule 4. — Wevjhts and Mmsures, 

In the calculati(ms of the tariff, the weight of a p<»cul of 100 
catties 13 held to be equal to VM\\ ]K.)unds avoirdu]Mjis; and the 

3o D 



Not. 8. 1858] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA, [Ho. 7. 

Shanjrhai. [Btiles of Trade.] 

length of a diang of 10 Chinese feet, to be equal to 141 English 
inches. 

One Chinese chih is held to equal l-^V i^iches English; and 4 
yards English, less 3 iuclies, to equal 1 chang. 

Eule 5. — Re/jarding certain Commodities heretofore Contraband, 

The restrictions affecting trade in Opium, cash, gi*ain, pulse^ 
8ul})hur, brimstone, saltpetre, and spelter, are relaxed, under the 
followiui^ conditions : — 

1. Opii'm will henceforth pay 30 taels per pecul import duty. 
The iinport<ir will sell it only at the port. It will be earned into 
the interior by Chinese only, and only as Chinese property ; the 
f(»reign trader will not be allowed to accompany it. The provisions 
of Article IX of the Treaty of Tien-tsin (No. 6), by which British 
sulyects are authorised to i)roc^ed into tlie interior with passports 
to trade, will not extend to it, nor will those of Article XXVIII 
of the same Treaty (No. 6), by which the transit dues are regu- 
lated ; the transit dues on it will be arranged as the Cliinese 
(fovernment see fit: nor in future revisions of the Tariff, is the 
stinie rule of revision to be a])]»lied to opium as to other goods. 

2. Copper Cash. The export of cash to any foreign port is pro- 
hibited; but it shall i)e lawful for British subjects to ship it at one 
of the open ports of China to another, on compliance with the 
following regulation. The ship])er shall give notice of the amount 
of cash he desires to ship, and tlie port of its destination, and shaU 
bind himself, either by a l)ond with two sufficient sureties, or by 
depositing such other security as may be deemed by the Customs 
satisfactory, to return, within G montlis from the date of clearance, 
to the collector at the port of shipment, the certificate issued by 
him, with an acknowleilgment thereon of the receipt of the cash 
nt the port of destination, by the collector at that port, who shall 
thereto affix his seal ; or, failing the production of the certificate, 
to forfeit a sum equal in value to the cash shipped. Cash will i)ay 
no duty inwards or outwards ; but a freight or part freight of cash, 
though no other cargo be on board, will render the vessel canying 
it liable to pay tonnage dues. 

3. The export of rice and all other gniin whatsoever, native or 
foreign, no matter where grown or whence imported, to any foreign 
)>ort, is prohibited ; but these conmiodities may be carried i>y 
British merchants from one of the open ports of China to another, 
under the same conditions in respect of security as cash, on pay- 
ment at the port of shipment of the duty specified in the tariff'. 

No import duty will be leviable upon rice or grain ; but a 
freight or part freight of rice or grain, though no other cargo be on 
board, will render the vessel importing it liable to tonnage dues. 

4. ^Puhe. — The export of pulse and bean-cake from Tung-chau 
and Niu-Chwang, under the British flag, is prohibited. From any 
other of the open ports they may be sliipped, on payment of the 
Tariff duty, either to other ports of China or to foreign countries. 

* Abrogated by agreement with t)ie Chinese GoTernmcnt as notified by the 
British Minieter, 24th Mai ch, 18G2 (Mavers). 

34 



No. 7.] GREAT BRITAIN AXD CfllXA. [Nor. 8, 1 KM. 

[Boles of Trmde.] Shangbui. 

5. Sultf^etre, sulphur, Ijrinistone, an<l spelter, l)cing nninitions 
of war, shall not Ikj iiuix^rted by British subjects, save at the 
requisition of the ('hinese (Government, or for sale to Chinese duly 
authorised to purchase them. No i)orniit to lan<l them will Iw 
issued until the Customs have i»roof that the neeessarv authoiitv 
has lH*en ^'iven to the jiurchaser. It shall not 1h» lawful f«»r British 
suhjei'ts to carry these commodities up the Yan^-tze-kian«(, or into 
any port other than those o|M;n on the seaboard, nor to accompany 
them in ti^» the interior on behalf of Chinese. They must be sold 
at the iK)rts only ; and except at the ports they will be regarded aa 
Chinese pro|K*rty. 

Infrac*tions of the conditions, as alnwe set forth, under which 
trade in opium, cash,t;rain, pulse, salti)etre, brimst<me, suljjhur, and 
sprlter. nuiy he !;enceforwanl carried on, will be punislmble by 
contiscation of all the goods concerned. 

Rule 6. — Litfhilifi/ nf Vc.^'^tlfi entrrimj Part. 

To the prevention of misunderstanding, it is agreed that the 
t*»rni of *J4 hours, within which British vessels must be rej)orted 
t<» tlie Consul under Article XXXVll of the Treat} of Tien-tsin 
(No. 6), shall 1k^ understood to Ci»mmence from the time a British 
vessel ciunes within the limits of the i>OTt ; as also the term of 48 
hours allowed her by Article XXX of the same Treaty (No. 6) 
to remain in |K»rt without pay 'en t of tonnage dues. 

The limits of the port shall l>e defined by the Customs, with all 
consideration for the convenience (»f trade, compatible with due 
pri»tection of the revenm* ; also the limits of the anchorages within 
whirh huling and discharging is permitted by the Customs ; and 
the sime shall be notified to the Consuls for public information. 

Rule 7. — Transit Purs* 

It is agrted that Article XXVlll of the Treaty of Tien-tsin 
(No. 6; shall l>e interpreted to declare the amount of transit dues 
leg-ally leviable upon merchandise in)iM)rted or exi)orted by British 
subjects, to l»e (»ne-half of the tariff duties, except in tliecase of the 
iluty-free g<KML« liabh* to a transit duty of two and a half per cent. 
ad ralnnt/i, as provided in Article 2 of these ndes. Merchandise 
sliall l»e cleared of its transit dues under the following con- 
ditions: — 

In tlie cas4» of ImjH>rts. — Notice being given at the port of 
entry from which the imiMirls are to Ikj forwarded inland ; of the 
nature and quantity of the g<M>ds; the ship from which they have 
\ftvn landed; and the place inland to which lhi*y are ImiuiuI, with 
aH other iu»cessary particulars ; tht» collector (»f Customs will, on 
due insjwction made, and on re<eipt o\' the transit duty due, 
issue a transit duty certificate. Tliis must Ik» i»ro«hic(Ml at evt*ry 
Imrrier station, and risni. No further duty will \h^ leviable up<ui 

• Seo Agm»n.cnt, 13th Se|»tcnibcr, 1H76 (No. 12). »nd Additional Article, l^th 
Juljr. IHiyb (No. 14) (Opium). 

35 D 2 



Not MS.'»9.1 GREAT BRITAIN AND rillNA. [Ho. 7. 

.Siuui^hai. I Kulea of Trmde. ] 

iinpi»rt.s s<) curtilicabMl, lut matter how «listant the place of their 
cli*>tiiiatioi). 

Ill ihi* <'a<r of Kx|M»rts — PpHimt* purchasnl by a British suh- 
)*'*•{ ill tin* intfrii»r will I*** iiis|HMi«Ml aiitl takrti lUToiint of at the 
lii-st l»arri«T it |».i«<<rN mi it> wav to th»* jMirt «»f shi)>intMit. A 
iiKinttr.iiiiliiiii >l.M\viii.! thf ainiMiiit <>f thi- pr<Hiu('<* aii«l tiit* |Hirt at 
wliirh it i*i i«» U' >hii«|»«Mi, will U* (Ii'Jh.hjii.iI tlirn* l»y the |nth<iii in 
rharu'** «»f th* j-iimIuii- . hi* will thru i»Mfivt? a r#*rtilirati*, whi«*h 
iiiu^t U* i*\hil»it««l a!nl rts/*i at t\rrv kirri«r <»n hi«* wav to tli«*l»<»rt 
of ^^liijimt'iit Hn thi- arrival of ih»* |»r«Mlur«' at tin* UirriiT iirarrst 
ill' I'or?, iioiiti miiNf 1m« Liivtii i«» tip* < u-^ioiii'* at tin* |M»rt, ami the 
transit »lui-.H«lu«* tli»-r«oii Uiii',' imiil. it will U* ini.<s<.'»l. ( )n i*x|M»rta- 
ti HI thf pn'iluif will pav tin- r.mlt tluty.* 

Any alt«nij't to pas- ._jimhK inwariU or <nilwanls. otherwise 
than in («inipl] ni' i- with thr lul** ht-rr laid down, will rfiitlt-r thi*ni 
liaMf to <onfisiMt :.iii. 

I nauihonsr.l >alf. /w /,-.//*w/ii. Mt'«jiMNU that havr U'fii c*nl«'r«'<l 
A« altoNf for a (H'lt. will it-nd-r thfiii liahh* to « oniiHratioii. Any 
nM»' iij't t«i j'.i-> j.nnU in «\ri -^-^ of tin* «|uantity >|H'«iiitMl in the 
f-»t:Ii at*-, will rtMhh'r all »h»' ^.mmmU of thr H,iiiu* d«*noiiiin:ition 
naiiH t| in tht* rtrtificatc li.ii*l«' t*> oonti*«iatii»n. IS'rniission to 
♦•\|Hirt phulu'*** whii h t.iiino: r..- piM\»-d to ha\«* juiid its transit 
du.-. will U* rrtusrd h\ liu* ru^iMiiiM until tin- tniiisit <ln«*s shall 
lia\f U^'n paid. 

The alNi\r Iwiiw th«* .triaiu*Mii»'nt airr»*«Ml to it'i^anlin;; the 
transit dm-s. which n^iII iLn** In- h-Mi-d nnri* and h»r all. thf n«»titi- 
(Mtioii r«»ijiiirfd nnd»-r Aiti'h* XXVIII of tin* Tn^aty <»f 'rifti-t-^in 
(No. 6) for th«* infonnition of Ihiti.sh an«l ChiiifM* suhjrctii, iji 
lirnhy di^pfii-M'd with. 

It i-* aL:ii«d that Arti !•• IX of th.' Tnatv .if Ti«*ii-t-in (NO. 6) 
shall n«»! U- iiit'ipi' r. i .»-. iii!ii"i:* mj l'»nti'*h -nl'jtrls to mt^r the 
iMpit d I ity o! i'.-kiii^ :••! piip'i*»s .,1 iradi'. 

It is a-jif^'d that tin* J' •!• ••nt.;ji- of nnr ta»d two niar**, hillh-rlo 
rh.i!_'»d in I'Xif-s lit ilu: . piN :n«n! . l«» •htt.iv ihf rxjH n->«'s t»f 
iiith.!!.' i»v thf * iiiii"*!' ( ii>\ i Miiii' nt sjudl !••• no liin'^'»*r 1i\hm1 oti 
lint I -. I .suhjfct.s. 

It h'inj. hy Tp-itty. at lh»* optii.n of th*- riiiufsi- < t<iv*-rnnifnt 
t«» ad«»j»l what ni»a!is ;ip|*-ar l»» it !---l -;;:?•'! to pr"!«- • it" rf\*'ntif, 
a- :m.ii-^' ..n IW l>h Half, it is ajr> ' d th.it on** iiiiif«>rni >\s;#.iii 
hh.dl !••• »ii!' r •• 1 .it »\»iv |»i.rt. 

Til*' h'ljh «»!ti 'T .t» !".intfil hv tl.»' < "hiif— • < •••vi-rnnifi.t to 
ruj-im^tiid !"r»;.M ti.iii'- will a< -i Ijijly. fi«»iu liiiif to tini**, 

* t.ir n«uc\l K>.If«nUi.ii|j;t«> Ira!i«aiVrn'i %!<-• kh tNo. 12> Hc< tiu« III. Art IV. 

oh 



Ho. 7.] 



GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. 
[BolM of Tfmde.J 



[Not. 8. 1R58. 



either liimself visit, or will sonil a (le]»iity to visit, tin? jlilUTeiit 
jMirts. The siiul hij^h otticer will W* at liU'ity, uf hi^ own clmire, 
an<l iiiile{)eii(ii;ntly of the su^^estion or nomination of any liriti^^h 
nuthoritv, to selert anv l>ritisli sulij«-<'t he ni:iv sm* til to ai<i him 
in the ailininistratioii of tlit* ('ust(»ms icvcnn<*; in the ]>rcv('nti4»n 
of smuggling; in the definition of {Hirt l>oiin<hirip.s; or in (lis- 
chnrj^in^^ the duties of luirlMmr-ma*(ter : also in the di.strihution of 
li;4hts, lauiys, lK»ar«m8, and the like, tin* maintenanre of wl.irh 
shall lie provided for out of the toni:a;^e durs. 

The (*hinese (Joverument wdl adtipt what mcaHureH it shall 
find requisite to prevent Hmu<;^lin»^' up the Yanj^-tze-kian;;, when 
that river shall In* o|H»ned to tradt*. 

lUuie at Shanj^hai, in the j»rovince of Kian^-su, this 8th day 
of NovenilK?r, in tlie vear <»f Our I^ord 18'>S, Iumu;' the 3rd dav of 
the 10th uiuuu uf thu Slli vt>iir of tlie rci<;n of IIin-fiin<;. 

(lis.) ELCIN AXl) KIXCAUDIXE, 



Sicnnturrt and Seal 

of ih* 

Five ChinfM 

lliffh ConiniiMlonen 

ftnd 

ricni)iottntl%riM. 



Lisi of ArticUs Referred to in 



Rule 

Betn e^ke . . 5 

Iv^cr • • • • £ 

Hi«<'iiifi .. .. ..2 

liriinttonc .. r> 

HulHon. gold and tilvtfr. . 2 

Hutt<*r 2 

Cttndlf A, fort* ign. . . . 2 

Caiinun •• .. .. 3 

C'ttrpcttng .. .. 2 

Ci»ti . . . . • . 5 

Chaivoal . • • • • • 2 

Chei'M* .. .. •• 2 

i*igar». foreiKn . . • . 2 

C'luthing, foreign . . 2 

Coinp, foreign . . . . 2 

Cunfci-tifnerj . . • . 2 

Contraband goodt . . 3 

C«»|>p<*r ra»li • . . . 5 

Crvptal ware .. ,.2 

CuiUr/ .. .. 2 



PruRceting 
Firewood , . 
Klo'ir 
Fowling pieces 

(•l^l'*H .. .. 

Goll bullion 
(tr in 

<ttiii|H4Wf}rr .. 

lliiii-cliold blortt . . 
I mil ii) iiMMiI 
fliHi'ilt'rv .. 
Mf.In'me*. foreign.. 
MtiiKtioni* uf war . . 
Markets .. .. 

Dliiuin 
lN'rfuin«»r%' .• 
rt'n*inial h:lg^age . . 
I'lotols 
IMaied wara 





• »W1 •. 






Rule 




Riila 


2 


l*n**frTed mr«U 




2 




INd*tf 




5 


2 


Kice 




5 


3 


Kltlos 




3 


•* 


S:'m» .. 




2 


2 


Suit .. 




3 


5 


S:ili|»ftre .. 




b 


3 


Slii|» f» »ton>«i 




2 


2 


Slint 




3 


2 


Silver bullion 




2 


o 


S«:iiu 
S|n')ter 




2 


2 




5 


3 


spirit* 




2 


3 


Stilt i<»nerT .. 




2 


5 


Sul|»hup 




5 


•» 


TmI.jii <-.•. foreign 




2 


2 


Veni'liiblen . . 




2 


3 


\Vi»r. articles of 




]| 


2 


Wina 




3 



37 



QIIEAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. 

TAIill'F*. 

[H™ul,opun-31ij 
TaUIKF UK [HIi)I!TS. 



Article*. 


yuanliiie*. 


Duty. 


AfpiMgM 

AaKftBtidm 

Be»'.w>i. yellow 

Betclnut 

Iiu»k 

Bicho-de'iiiur, bl&rk 

Birdj''nCTt«,l(.t quality 

tnd „ 

BuMoa..bnw» 

UuiiiiluT, buruot, clean 

. , „ ntune 

Ciijvas miul cotton duck, not sicceding uk) yard* 

o.'2„.;; ,;;,„:: :; :: :: ;: 

„ iiifcriur, or Krainn of Puradiiu . . 

Ciiiiiniiiiin 

Clwk. 

Cluvei 

„ mother 

Coal, foreii-n 

C-H-hineal 

Ooml 

Cordne^. Manilla 

.. bead. 

Cotton.mw 

Cotton inrtf gooili— 
Orev, whiti'. plain, and twilled, cieee'lin)! 34 

Eiceediiig U inehe* wide, and Gieceding U) yards 

and uut execi'diug 40 yariU lun):. . 

;lU yuni* luitg 

eiccudiDft 48 yiirda lung . . 

2ljnnl»loiiK 

Cotton, dyd, fisureii and pluin. not ciceeding 31! 
iiii'liei widi-, and not i-ieiwdinB 40 yanla Ion;; . . 

Cullim, f:iii.-.v, wliid- bn)cwU's and wliilc »i>..Heii 
llhi^tinc^ not ex.-cctiriR 3tj inchm wide, oiid nut 
eln-eiUiiiE4Ujanl lorg 

Cotl-m, printed, ehintlea and furnitures, not eieenl. 
ini; 31 iiu'lii-D wiiL'. Hnd Dot ciceeding .30 lardo 
l"nS ' .. 

Cotl..ti raniliriw, not eii*PiUn). 4C inche. widp, ami 
noteiiviilingaiianlBlona 

nut ciueediDg^yardB ong 


PerlOO<!Bttiet 

Per catty 

FergroM 
Per catty 

Per iiieee 
Per 100 ™ttie» 

6 pcr'eent. 
Per lUO oittiei 

Per'lon 
Per 100 caUic. 

Per cnltv 
PerlOOcaltie* 
I'rr 100 •lunm 
Per lUU cattio 

Per piece 

Pcrei-erv lOjdi 

Pit juece 


1 6 6 

u e u 

10 
1 S 
7* 
16 
S 6 U 
6 b 
4 6 U 
16 
6 6 
18 
7 

4 

1 O 

e (I u 

1 S u 

5 
1 8 U 
6 

6 
10 
3 5 
8 

7 
8 6 

8 
8 
10 
V 6 
8 
4 
16 

10 

7 
7 
3 5 



wcinliM nnd tiirasiirei »ec Kidc 4 of A(,rrveinent uf 8lh Xotember, 1868 
1 tncl -= 10 iiiHcc. I mace - 10 iMtidiin'.-ii. ] on.lurei'ti = 10 caah. A 

noiu-vornrcoiint (not a c<iin); its value rnriwuit diftiTciit pnrlf in Cliina; 

go vuliie for 1IK)4 was 3*. 2d, It* aterliiig value llucluatea with the prico 



No. 7.] 



GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. 
[Tariff of Imports. See also page 32.] 



[Nov. 8, 1858. 



Articles. 



Cotton muslins, not exceeding 46 inches wide, and 

not exceeding 24 yards long. . 
Cotton muslins, not exceeding 40 inches wide, and 

not exceeding 12 yards long. . 
Cotton damasks, not excreeding 36 inches wide, and 

not exceeding 40 yards long. . 
Cotton dimities or quiltings, not exceeding 40 inchea 

wide, and not exceeding 12 yanis long 
Cotton ginghams, not exceeding 28 inches wide, and 

not exceeding 30 yards long 
Cotton handkerchiefs, not exceeding 1 yard square. . 
fustians, not exceeding 36 yards long 
TeWeteens, not exceeding 34 yards long 
thread . . • . 



»» 

»» 

„ yam 



Cow bezoar, Indian . • • . 

Cutch 

Elephants' teeth, whole • . 

„ broken 

Feathers, kingfishers', peacocks* 
Fish maws . . . . . • 

„ skins 

Flints 

Gambicr . . . . . . . . 

Gamboge. . 

Ginseng, American, crude •• 

„ „ clarified .. 

Glass, window . . . . • . 






Glue 

Gold thread, real . . . . 

„ imitation.. .. •• •• .. 

Gum benjamin .. .. •• .« .. 

f) )i oil of 

„ dragon's blood . . . . • • 

„ myrrh 

„ olibanum . . . . . . . . 

Hides, buffalo and cow. . .. .. .• 

„ rhinoceros . . . , . . . , . < 

Horns, buffalo . . . . . . • • . . 

deer . . . . • . . , . . . . 

rhinoceros • • . . • • . • ^ 

Indigo, liquid . . 
Isinglass.. .. •• ,. 

Lacquered ware. . 

^jcamcr .. .. .. .. «« ., •« 

Linen, fine, as Irish or Scotch, not exceeding 60 
yards long • . . . . . . . . , 

Linen, coarse, as linen and cotton, or silk and linen 

mixture*, not exceeding 50 yards long • • 
Lucraban seed • . . . . . • . , 

Mace . . . . . . . • • . . . 

Mangrove bark . . . . . . . , • • 

Metals — 

Copper, manufactured, as in sheets, rods, nails . . 

„ unmiinufactured, as in slabs .. •. 

„ yellow metal, sheathing, and nails • . 

„ Ja}.^n 

Iron, manufactured, as in sheets, rods, bars, hoops 

„ unmnnufactured, as in pigs . • 

„ kentledge 

„ wire •• «• .. «• 

39 



Quantities. 





T. 


M. 


c. 


0. 


Per piece 








7 


5 


f* 








8 


5 


■ a 





2 








II 











6 


)) 








8 


5 


Per dozen 








2 


6 


Per piece 





2 








)) 





1 


5 





Per 100 catties 





7 


2 





I) 





7 








Per catty- 


1 


5 








Per 100 catties 





1 


8 





t> 


4 











t? 


3 











Per 100 





4 








Per 100 caities 


1 











)i 





2 





(» 


t) 








3 





)) 





1 


5 





1) 


1 











)) 


6 











;t 


8 











Per box of 100 





1 


6 





square feet 










Per 100 catties 





1 


5 





Per catty 


1 


6 








)) 








3 





Per 100 catties 





6 








)) 





6 








,y 





4 


5 





It 





4 


6 





)) 





4 


5 





yt 





6 








»» 





4 


2 





)} 





2 


5 





)) 





2 


5 





1) 


2 











)) 





1 


8 





tv 





6 


6 





)) 


1 











l» 





4 


2 





Per piece 





5 








}} 





2 








Per 100 cutties 








3 


5 


)) 


1 





U 


o 


II 








3 





fi 


1 


5 








)> 


1 











)) 





9 








ff 





6 








$t 





1 


2 


5 


If 








7 


6 


9f 








1 





II 





2 


5 






i>nty. 



Nor. 8, 18.:8.] 



GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. 
[Tariff of Imports. See also page 32.] 



Artirlcs. 



I 



Lo<ad, in pigs. . . • 

„ in sheoU 
QiiirkFilver .. ., ,. 

8i)eltcr (saleable only under regulation api)€ndcd) 

OvtrCrl •• •• (« •• •• ■• •• 

Tin 

Tin plates . . . . . . . . 

Mof her-o*-pearl shell • • 

Miiftienl boxes .. .. .. .. .« 

Mu8i«i>l^, dried . , , . . . 

Nutmegs.. .. ., ,, ., ,, .. 

OliTes, unpickled, salted, or pickled 

Opium* . . . , 

Pepper, black 

,, white .. •• .. .. 
Prawns, dried .. .. ,, .. 

PuU'huk 

Rattans .. 

Rose M aloes . . . . . . . . . . . . 

oa irxisn.. .. «« «. .. •• .. 

Salt Diftre (saleable onlj under regulation appended) 

Banual-wo'^d . . 

Sapan- wood . • . . . . , . , . 

Seahorse teeth . . . . . . . . . , 

Shark's fins, black 

H white .. •• 

Sharks' skins . . . . . . . , 

Silver thread, real . . . . • • 

„ imitation • • 

Sinews, buffalo and deer 
Skius, fox, large 

,, SlllUkU •• •* at •» •• 

marten . . . . . . . . . . 

sea'Oi'ier •• •• ■* ■■ •• •• 

tiger and leopard 

beaver . . • . . . . . . . 

doe, hare, and rabbit . . . . . . . . 

B4J U 1 rrC •I«« •• •« •• •« •• 

land-otter 

racoon •• .. .. .. .. .. 

Smalts .. •• .. .• 

Snuff, foreign . . . • 

Sticklac 

i^lvvikllslL* • ■• ■« •• •• ■• •• 

SSulphur and brimstone (saleable only under regula- 
tion appcudcd) 
Telescopes, spy and opera glasses, looking-glasses, 
and mirrors . • • . . . . . . . 

Tigers' bones .. .. .. •• 

Timber— 

l^lasts and spar^, hard-wood, not exceeding 40 feet 

„ 00 feet 

exceeding 60 feet . . 
soft-wood, not exceeding 40 feet. . 
„ ,, 60 feet. . 

„ exceeding 60 feet . , 

Beams, hard-w<f<Kl, not exceeding 26 feet long, 

and under 12 inches square. . 
Planks, hardwood, not exceeding 24 feet long, 
12 inches wide, and 8 inches thick. . 



Quantities. 



Per 100 cattie^ 



If 
•> 
•I 
$t 
i» 
fi 
tt 



If 
If 
II 
It 
II 
ff 
II 
5 per cent. 

Per 100 catties 

II 
II 

yf 
If 
II 
11 
ft 
fi 
fi 
If 
ff 
ff 
•I 
II 
II 

Per 100 
Per catty 

IT 

Per 10() catties 
£ach 

II 
fi 
11 

Per'lOO 

II 
If 

II 

Per 100 catties 

11 
II 
11 



II 

5 per c<*nt. 
Per 100 catties 



Each 



II 
11 
II 
•I 
»i 



II 
II 
II 
fi 

II 



II 
•I 



If 

fi 
If 
fi 
fi 

fi 



Per 100 



[No. 7. 



Duty. 



T. M 

2 

5 
2 



c. c. 

5 

6 O 




O 

6 O 





2 5 

2 5 

1 2 
4 
2 

ad valorem 

2 



2 

80 





1 




2 

1 
2 
1 






1 


5 


2 
2 
1 
7 





5 
1 

8 
5 




8 O 




6 




8 6 

6 

1 5 


1 
5 



O 
O 
O 

O 

O 
8 O 




4 
1 

5 
5 

3 

5 
1 

1 
5 
1 

5 
5 


5 
2 
3 
5 










8 
5 
5 
7 
5 

6 







o 
o 





o 


5 

o 
o 
o 



o 

o 



















o 





2 

ad valorem 
15 6 



4 

6 

10 

2 

4 5 

6 5 





















16 
3 5 



• See Agreement, 13th September, 1876 (No. 12) 
18th July, 1885 (No. 14), and 11th September, 1886 

40 



, § 3 (1): Additional Articl«, 

(No. 16). 



Ho. 7.] 



ORRAT UUITAIN AND t lllNA. [Not. 8. 1858. 

[Tnriff of Import* and Exportt. Src alto p«f(e 3?.] 

Artiolen. 



PUnkii, hnnl-n-iKKl, not ex(iH>(iint( Itf ft^et long, 

12 inches uide, and 3 iiiolm thick .. 

Timbrr — PUuLh, ii<>ft*woi»d .. 
)} teak 

Tortubwhell . . . . 

„ broken 

ViuHrcllat 

VrUrtt, not exceeding 3^ jartls long. . 
M'aWhea.. 

», eniaillct k perlet 
liVax, Japan 
Woods, Caniagon • • • • 

p, ebon J . . . . . . 

ff uar^oo •• •« •• 

,t iFa^mnb •• 

., Krunjt'e. 3o (vet long, 1 foot H inches wid 
and 1 foot t hick . • 
Woods, Laka . . 

Woollen manufacturra, vix. : blankets 

„ brotulrloth and Hitanish stripes, habit and 
medium cl<>th, 51 inches ^. fU inches wide 
Woollen long eiN, 31 inches wide .. 
„ candi*t«, English. 31 inchi*s wi()e 
„ „ Dutch, «iJ) inclics wide 

,, ,. i!iiit:itiun, and bonibaxcttes 

„ cmssimerrs. tlunncl and narrow cloth 
„ tastings, 31 inches wide 
„ „ imitation and Orh^ans, 34 inchc 

wi'^e . . 
Woollen bunting, not exceeding 2& inches wide, 44> 

inehea long . . 
Woollen ami cotton mixtur«'«. viz. : lufitrcs, plain 

and briK*nil<*d, not exccediLg 31 \anls lung 
Woollen inferior Spanish St rip<*s 
Tarn . . 



V 



1 Quantities. 

1 ^ 


] 


[)ut 


T- 




1 


T. 


M. 


c. 


c. 


i Per lOO j 


2 











Per l,lM)(»fi<i.ft ■ 





7 





u 


! Per cuhic !(H)t 








3 


5 


Per l(K» caMic* ' 





3 







Pe/ cattjr 





2 


5 





»t 








4 


2 


Vjiih 








3 


o 


Per piece 





1 


H 


O 


I Per |»air 


1 











ft 


4 


5 








Per 100 catties 





6 


5 


u 


tf 








3 





i> 





1 


5 





*t 


2 


U 








»» 





4 


5 





Kach 





8 








Per loo catties 





1 


1 


5 


< 

1 ** 





1 


1 


r> 


Per (Mur 





2 








Per chang 





1 


2 





1 


. 





4 


5 


»f 








o 





1* 





1 








It 








3 


5 


1* 








4 













5 





1 
1 








3 


5 


Per piece 


= 


2 








t« 





2 


f» 





Per cliang 





1 


o 


(» 


Per 1(K) catties 


. 3 





o 






Tariff of Kxpokts. 

^**e«» also iiage 32. ' 
Articles. Quantities. 



DutT. 



Alum 

„ green, or copperas 
Aniseed, star .. 
„ hrt>ken 
„ oil 
Apricot seeds or almonds 
Arsenic . . . • 

Artificial flowers 
Bamboo ware .. 
Bangles, or glass armlete 
Bean* ami peas (except from New-chwangand Tang 

chow . . 

Bean cwLe \exce|»t from New-ch wang and Tang-chow 
Bone and h<»rn ware 
Bimse buttons . . 

^ fod 









*• 



wire 



41 





1 T. 


M. 


r. 


r. 


Per 100 catties 








4 


5 


f» 





1 








*• 





5 








I* 





2 


•> 


i) 


»t 


5 











ti 





4 


:> 





•» 





4 







ft 


1 


C 








If 





t 


5 





•» 





6 








1 








6 





1 " 








3 


6 


1 •* 


1 


6 








1 ft 


3 











1 >• 


1 


5 








fi 


1 











•• 


1 


1 


5 






Nor. 8, 1858.J 



GREAT imiTAlS AND CHINA. 

[Tariff of Kxportn. Her aluo fmgf 32 J 



[Ho. 7. 



Art I. 


*!«•« i^iiantitit**. 




Dut 


.▼• 




i 


T. 


M. 


c. c. 


Cniiipliur •• 






.. IVr l(li»oattit*» 


U 


7 


5 


t*i»tir« .. .. •• 






. 1 IVr i.tmu 





6 





i'milhtmift 






. IVr KRJ cat ties 


2 





u 


i'.i|hi.ir l'ut«*hrrr7 






• •• 





3 





C*nr|N:« atnl •iritiii;eU . . 






Prr lU) 


8 


6 





Ca^»iii Iit:ii«*a 






. ' IVr UK) cattic» 





6 


U (1 


hiuiw ,. 






• M 





H 





Iwij^i 






( 
ft 





1 


5 


.. (m1 .. .. 






• n 


9 








Cii«ti»r '"il 






>t 





% 


(» 


Cli<">iniil« .. 






• i» 


U 


1 


u 


t'liitii% rvN»l 






t« 


U 


1 


3 


i'hifiawnrc, fine. 






• •• 





!♦ 


U O 


iMar*r 






»» 


U 


4 


6 


C.ti?iiJi*r 






• •• 





*• 


r> 


Cli<»lhii.g, ri.tt«»ii 






• »i 


1 


5 


o 


•ilk .. .. 






• n 


U) 


O 


u u 


Colli 






t« 





(» 


4 


Coir 






• l» 





1 


u 


io|i|H'r I'rt* 






• »» 


o 


6 


u 


• hinthini:. oM .. 






• 11 


u 


r, 


o 


('<*)i|M-r nixl |N wtor wan' 






• i» 


1 


1 


5 


i'or.iN. \m\*c . . .. 






• »» 


o 


3 


r> o 


ivtt.iti. mw 






• »t 


o 


a 


r> 3 


»f ■«■ ijw • • « • 






• ■ ■ 


o 


o 


4 5 


C«»w, Ii«'*.»iir ,. 






IVr. at* T 

• 





3 


i\ u 


Cmik«r*. fir''w«>rki 






. IVr lUi» « •tlici 


u 


& 


U t» 


Cu^N^h* . . •• 






• 


1 


Ti 


o o 


C*un<<«itit*t. Antique* .. 






6 J»er t-rut 


(1// 


r'l/tfT^m 


I>«tc^, Mack .. 






. IVr li«» rat:if^ 


u 


1 


."> o 


., rrtl , , . . 






• ft 


u 


U 


SI <> 


I h f. t'-tt-n 






IVr «-attv 





M 


t» If 


K;!^*. pri'^nriNl 






IVr l.Mni 


II 


a 


O l» 


Fi»ii». le.ttlo-r . . 






Tir MU 


i) 




5 O 


1 «p*'r 






• t« 


o 


o 


4 5 








IVr l.tini» 


o 


3 


«; o 


„ ., ui.tnaiiiitt 


1 ,! '.[ ! 




• 

• ■ 1 


<) 


•» 


(> 


Fi'lt «*;»ttirj;i 






. r«r 1«"« (Tittir* 


n 


1 


o o 


. mj** 






r. r l«»» 


1 


2 


r, 


Furift.* or B^ario •• 






. IVr 1<0 caitii-a 


o 


fi 


U o 


(tnlan^^i .. .. 






ti 


<l 


1 





O.irlir . • 






• »• 


(» 


o 


3 r. 


OlIlM*!!^. nAtlTf<. , 






.' ]wr . ♦•nt. 


mi 


rtti,rtm 


„ i'^n-an '.-r Japan, 


l*t .{Ua!:** 




iVr.MiT 

• 


i» 


6 


O 


■ 1 II 1 1 


Iff.'t t^-.»l.tv 




. 


«i 


3 


5 


(f la^« ♦»•'»• U , , 






. r. r !•■• .uitj*-* 


1 


6 


(1 O 


iT » trifioi *ar«'. . 






• fl « 


II 


& 


o 


(tro)** tl"'* . I'lH* •• 






• I 


•» 




o o 


cs >ar9e . . 


■ • » • > 


»■ 


t» 




6 o 


4f roiiti t-rn.t« 




■ • 


i» 


1 


ti 


'•Ak^ 


• • « • • • tfl 


4» 


u 


3 o 


Oil" .• .'rs .»! ., IT pi.»«?er of V*r.* 


l« 


■ 1 


3 


llmir ■•• :• .• ,, 


\ 


I 


o 


M 


.. »:'•»•• 


j 


II 


1 


h (> 


litM • .. 


1 

■ • ' ■ i 


II 


6 


5 


11 »rt til, i»r ur]-mi«'rkt . . 


• • - • ffl 


M 


:i 


r* 1) 


II»T'J» .. ,, 


• • • • • 


• at 


n 


3 


5 <> 


II T 


• * • • * 


• 


t» 


ti 


o o 


!!■ -Ti« }.•••,-*•, 1 itiz 


• • ■ • 


T' ' « *ir 


O 


^ 


O tl 


.1 


• • • • • 


.. IN r ;*i»i'itt r« 


1 


3 


b (» 


1- i.*- :• k. 




• a •« 


4 








ltiili^>. i*rw 


4 • 9 # 


• 


1 


1 









42 



OltKAT BUITAIK AND CUINA. 

[Tu-iff of KxjMtU. Bee tlra paita 32.] 



Lntber itrtirlea, u puuchri, |<i 
.t Unwn 

Lill; dowen, drird .. 

„ Msdt. or Iota* nut* 

Luil||-Dg>ll 

„ «itli»tit the iiton«.. 

Ifknure eaker, ur uuudretta 

Uarb]«>liib« 

UaUuf all kind 

MmiinH 

ll.'lun«..b 

Unthrr-u'iiMrl vara .. 



Pm ICO 
:Pprr.>1t..r4UTd< 



Nuikrm Jiitil natJTFColloD clulli* Ter lUUi-sItu* 

Kuiiwlli I „ 

Oil, u bnto. t«a, wood, i-otton, and lipiup teed ... „ i 

0)in*«>r<l '.'. '.'. '.'. v. !.! " 

0;>tn-*l>rll, ura-ibelb „ 

Puni (omiii) „ 

hlmM>|wr«, ur rotton bed -quilt* Per ll (I ' 

Pa|icr, lit qukhij Frr luU wtric* 

ill.) qiLilit7 

Pr»rl.,W«. 1 

F^l-f^'',^ ' 

„ I'uiiH'lu, tat qiulii* .. .. „ 

.. aud I „ I 

Pri>p.'nni>il Inf 

Pictum mnd [Hiinting* . . 

„ on pilli nr ri(T-t*prr. 
Pott^rr, n.llii-riwarr .. 
Pmrrtr*, iviidlli. 



1 G I 
U 3 I 



lUioi 



»]>lit 



Ratlwi-o 

Khuharb 

KiiT ur ]mlily, whrat, millrt, and olhrr pnitu 

Ku^B, ul liair ur tkin 

Hanwbuo.. 
Saadalwnoil ware 

8«ian-d 

HMamiini leMl .. 

Sfaon and bout*, iMllirr or aaliD .. .. 



Karh 
Ver 1110 I 
r U»> nttin 



Ka.'h 
Pit Kki nrtie* 

IVn-ariT 
I'rr I'W laifw* ! 

Per M pain 

Per 100 rattiet 



Nor. 8. 185S.] 



GUKAT lUUTAIN AND CIITXA. 



[Mo. 7. 



Arljrii**. 



Silk. n<4«, fnitn otlirr pro«ini*i*ft 

.. pir.'r-jfmt.U |i.irii»i»«»«, •h»wl«. Mlirf*, cr»p»». 



•t 



,, tiiMrl» .. 
.. cii\»^ 

.. Mini rittliin iiiiittin 
8iU«*r miii i{<ilii w&rt' 

whiir 
rMtilv 
Tallow, niiiiiifil 

Tt*a 

Tinfitil 

'I'll 1 10* -I'll, itrt'|iarvit 

., li*»f 

T<>rtiii««'«h'-Ii wan* 
TruiiL*. N-alliiT. . 
Tiiriin'no 
T Willi*. Iiriup. t niitoii . 
., S«"»-i'h«>w 
Tiiriiip*. ««If<^l •• 
Varni«li. or cm-iv l*i'^ii 
V frill i<-«*lli .. . 

Vrriiiilii*ri 
Will, wiiitr «ir inwrct 

w»rt? •• 



t. Atiii I'MiKr iiilrivti giKMU. . 
iii'ii atici S'l.iiituri;; . 



(^iiHfititi<4i. 



DutT. 



I T. M. 0. C. 
IVr lOil cttttiff 10 O 

10 



i» 



• • 



nnitt 



1 


18 











•• 


4 


5 





o 


• • 


10 











r^r 100 





V 








Per lUO ratlir* 


r> 


5 








1 
•f 


10 











•I 





H 








»» 





4 








•» 


o 


•• 





o 


•» 





1 


2 


o 


»• 





2 


o 


u 


»» 





2 


* 
it 


4> 


' 


i» 


2 








•I 


o 


3 


o 





•• 


2 


* 

o 





<» 


ti 


1 


2 


6 





•» 





4 




o 


II 





1 


«l 





IN r .ntt* 


o 


2 


o 


o 


IVr l«n iailir» 


1 


/i 


o 


o 


•< 


o 







o 


1 1 







A 


o 


n 


t» 


Tl 


(» 


(» 


n 







H 


<» 


tl 


o 


o 


n 


l» 


»• 


o 




s 


o 


!• 


•> 


m» 


o 


<l 


• 


1 


*> 


o 


o 


Kn"h 


o 


O 


:i 


l» 


IVr 10i» i-«tlii'« 


1 


1 


•1 


o 


•t 


o 


a 


5 






(LS ) KUJIN AMI KINCARDINE. 



nf !■ ^ 

II «'ii I ■■p,>- •••.->Brra 
• ■ -i 



'For »hc iiTr«»i<'ii "f t'hir.'i i 'tli" •('■..••i.tn* Tan^ P:iH|ii-:i!i.in C«iii Trillion. 1S30," 

of 31tt M .», l>.'l. .,v II T . V. i ;*. |> 171 , 



44 



No. 8,] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Oct. M, 1860 

(British S«pr«MnUUTe at Pskiii«r.) Pekiug. 



(No. 8.) COXVEXTION hehreen Her Majesty ami thf Emperor 
of China. — Sif/ned, in the Emjlish and Chinese Lantjuages, at 
Peking, 24fh (ktol^r, 1 S()0. 

Her Majo.sty the Queen of (Jreat l?ritain and Ireland, and His 
Imperial Majesty tlie Knij>eror of (.'hina, l»eini^ alike ilesimns to 
brin;^ to an end the niisunderstandin^ at present existing: l.rlwciMi 
tlu'ir resjjeetive Ciovenuneiits, and to s»»cuiv' their rtlations >i;^'ainst 
further intemiption, liavti for this i)urjK)8e api»ointed ri«'nii)o- 
tentiaries, that is to sav : — 

Her Majesty the (^ueen of (ireat Britain and Ii-ehuul, the Earl 
of KI<;in and Kincardine ; 

And His Ini]>erial Maj'Sty the Emperor of China, His lni]>erial 
Highness the Prince of Kung ; 

Who, having met and con.nuiniaited to each other their full 
jMiwers, and Hnding these to Ikj in proper form, have agrwd ujH»n 
the following Convention, in 9 Articles : — 

AliTICLE I. 

Ai*i»li>ffy of Emperor for oltstrurtion offered hij garrison of Taku 
to j^issage of Britiali Jiej/i'isentatice with llatifications of IWatg 
o/ 20th June, 185S. 

A breach of friendlv relations havin*' l>een occasioned bv the 
net of the garris<m of Taku, vhich oKstructeil Her Hritannic 
ilajesty*8 itejiresentative when on his way to Peking for tlie pur- 
jMMse <if exchanging the liatitications of the Trtmty of I*eace concluded 
at Tien-tsin in the month of June, 1858 (No. 6). His Iiu]>cTial 
ilajesiy the Eniiwror of China expresses his deep regret at the 
luisuiiderstauding so occasioned. 

[be* Note, page IC.J 

AKTICLE II. 

Jiighi of British Beprenentatire to reside at Peking, Arrangement 

of October, 185S, canrelied. 

It is further expressly declared, that the Arrangement entered 
into at Shanghai in the nnuiih of ()<tohcr, lsr»8, In^tween Her 
Iiritannic Majesty's Ambassador, the P^irl of Elgin and Kincardine, 
and His Imfn'rial Majesty's C<»mmissi«»ni'is, Kwciliang and ll\\;i>- 
liana. reganling the n»sidence of Her Britannic Majesty's iJepi-e- 
S4*ntative in China, is hereby cancelled ; and that, in acconiance with 
Article III «»f the Tn*aty of iSfiS (No. 6). Her Britannic MajeMy's 
l{*»pn?sentative will henceforward resi*le |M*rmanently or oociiai*»n- 
allv at Peking, as Her Majestv shall l>e ]»leased to decide. 

43 



CVt 24. IsflO.j CtRKAT BRITAIN AND CHINA, [Ho. 8. 

iVkiiig. (^IndMiinitr, Trade, Ao.J 

AKTH LE III. 

Sej>*trti(e Ariirle of Trrati/ of 2ijlh Jitn^, 1858, annulled, 
JiuUmnity nf H.IMKJ.OUO TwIa, to l>f juiol In/ inntahwnts: 
I'.thhi.ouo, (n liritish nunloinU for their Iosa^a at Canton, and 
♦;.OOi»,(MlO /'//• Wnr Kij^njos. 

It i«< aiH"*****! lliat tlif Sc-iwinitt* Article of the Treaty of 1858 
(No. 6) is h«*ri*l»y annul Km 1 ; an«l that, in \mi of the amount of 
intieiunity therein «*iHM*it:«Ml, His [ni]K.'rial Majesty tlie Enii^Tor of 
< 'hina shall |»ay ih** 8uni «»f 8 Oon.O(M> taels, in the following projMir- 
ti»»iis or in'*talnient*i, namely :— At Ti»*n-l>in, on or U.'fon* the 'Mx\\ 
• lay of \ovenih«'r. llie sum of 5(Miono tarls ; i\i < 'antnn, and on or 
h^'iort" lh«' Ut ilay of hrr.'niU»r, lS«;o. :;:V:;^{:; taels, h-ss the sum 
whirlj shall havf Imm-u a«lv;tneeii hy the(\inton auth<»riti«*s towanU 
th<* <-oiu|»Ietion «»i ihr Hiitish Ka«*t4>ry site at Sham«M»n ; and th«' n*- 
niiiinlrr at the ]»..rtH ojm-i: to fonMun tnule, in tjuarterly {layments, 
\\hi«h shall ronsi«;( of •int*-titth **( the *ir*i^s n»v*'nue fn»in Customs 
then* ('olhM-trd. Thi* lir^t of ih»' s^tid j>ayni«'ntH Ikmu^ <iue on the 
'M-^i day of I)t-eeniU*r, ISfj.J, for the ijuart^^r t^'rniinalin^ «)n that 
d.iy. 

It is furth»*r a^'p'-d that tht»<e nionfy-* -^hall 1h» |»aid into the 
h:ui<!s of an ot!i «m \\h'*m Ht-r niit.iiini«* Maj<*sty's K('|ir4*<4entative 
s'l.ill >jM*ri.dIv ap|»««int to it»fi\i' them, and that thr armrary of 
tii«* amounts >li.ill. iN-ioif i»avm(*nt. U* tlulv asn-rtaint-d hv British 

■ - • 

und t'hiufM' oili' »*rs aj»|x»iiil«d to di-** har^^i* this tluty. 

In ord«*r to pn-vrnt future <lisiu»i«»n, it is imirfover de<'lared 
that. .»f the S.i)0»».nno tatds h«-rein ;:uarant«*ed, J.ono.oou uill he 
ap{>p<i>riat4*d (•» tlie indfuniification of the nriti>h mt'teantih' eoin- 
niuui!\ at Taiiton.for los^*s »4U-»tain»'d hy tlieni^and the ninirtining 
4;,iHio.iM)U t«i the h«)Ui«iation «»f war ex)K*n-4»<. 

I K<l«ini iif thf riaim* iiift'lf f**r Iti'lfnintt} ><t th^ ( otnre^rrtnl Commtinitj 

of r»-.N>n uri Irr thf To trti*i..ii «if iVkini;. <if 2itK t VtnYwr. iHl'iO ()(o. 8> ; A"*! • 

Kftur'i, •h-*«iri|;. in ilpt*il. tin* niftiinrr in «hi-h tlit* :£.i4M»,tii^> ta4'lii •ri ft*i«ir for 

^ttii* I 11" }>"••' I'f tiif-rtirii; tlii»r • laiii.« «*r*' «ii*tnliutc\l aud (iu|K>*c«l jf, Mmmlrnkd 

brlorr r»rliauii*iit in 1*j71. P^jht C— 4.'»7.^ 

AKTirLK IV. 

Port "/ Ti'ii'ty'in i»j,rii*il /■. Tr*tdf, 

It i-* :ejTi'ed that ^n thf dav on uhi«li lliis (.'onvention is 
jiijutd, l!i-» ImjH-nal M.ijt-ty th«* K?iijH-r"r of <'hina ^nall o|»en 
th«* jHiit i.f Tiffi-tsin to tM.il'. and that it shall U* th«*reafter n»ni- 
|N-t*-iit to r.riti>li Ntiiij.-.t.? to re>id«' and trade th«*re und«*r th«» 
Hiun- ci»ndilions a.^ at any otht-r jnir: of rhina l>y Tieaty o[ien t«i 
trailt*. 

AKTh LK V. 

(V,>h^<f f\m.llt Kfi '•/rittiitH, 

\% c.»..n :i^ the r.iiiri«Mti«'ii«< of th»* Tit-ntv of IST.S **hall have 

|4»t||.'\ ■i.iie.:»-d.* Hh lmj**TM! M.ijr-r\ th»- Km|»«-p»r of < hiua will. 

I»v l>ttr»'. t'omm.uid thf hi;^'h aMtiifnti*"* of iNimv i»ii«mih«' to 
• • • 

• Ki.-)i.i>i:r<| sub O tobcr. ]*»«>>. >rr alfto i ui.iiiaiuu. uth Marrh, IhtVl 

(No. 10.|»^<M 

4C 



No. 8.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA* [Oct 24, I WO. 

[O««sion of Oowloon, fto.j Piking. 

I>roclaim throuf^hoiit tlieir jurisdictions, that Chinese choosiiijir to 
take service in the British Coh^nies or other parts ])eyon<l sea, are 
at i>erfect liberty to enter into enj^agenient^ with British subjects 
for that purpose, au't to ship themselves and their families on 
board any British vessel at any of the op«Mi jn^rts of China ; also 
that the hit^h authMntit»s aforesaid shall, in concert with lier 
Britannic Majesty's Kt'pn^sentiitive in China, frame such re<ijuhi- 
ti<ms for the jirotection of Chinese, emi;;mting as above, its the 
circumstances of the diiVerent oj)en ports may demand. 

AKTICLK VI. 

Hong Kontj. Cessitni to Great Britain of that portion of Ton' ash ip 
of Cotrloon v'hirJt tro.^ hased to Mr. Harry J*(nkes. Ixaae 
cuficeiieJ. Liquidation of (hincjic Claims. 

With a view to the maintenance of law and order in and about 
tlu» harbour of Hon«^ Kon^',* His Imperial M.^.jesty the Kmperor of 
China a^rrees to cede to Her Maj(»sty the Queen of <Jreat Britain 
and Ireland, and to Her heirs and successoi-s, to have and to hold, 
as a dejwndency of Her Britannic Majesty's colony of Hr)n«; Konj;, 
that j)orti(m of the township of Cowloon, in the Province of 
Kwan;:j-tunj;;, of which a lease was j^ranted in j>erpetuity to Harry 
Smith Parkes, Rs<juire, Companion of the Bath, a member of the 
Allied Commissicm at CanUm.on Indialfof Her liritannic Majesty's 
(tovurnment, by Lan Tsung Kwang, Govern(»r-General of the Two 
Kwang. 

It is further declared that the lease in question is hereby 
cancelled ; that the claims of any Chinese to any ])rr.jK*rty on 
the said jn^rtion of Cowloon shall be duly investigated by a 
Mixed Commission of British and Chinese (►thcers; and that com- 
pensiition shall be awarded by the British Government to any 
Chinese whose claims shall Ixj bv the said Commission established, 
sliould bis removal be deemed necessary by the British Govern- 
Uient. 

[Sec Map.] 

AUriCLK VII. 
Confirmation of Treaty of 2Gth June, 1858, toith modifirations. 

It is agTee<l tliat the provisions of the Treaty of 1858 (No. 6), 
except in so far as thcvSe are m«Mlitied by the present Conventi<>n, 
Bhall with(»ut delay come int(' o))eration 21s soon as the ratitications 
of the Treaty aforesaid shall have been exchanged. f 

Xo Sijyarate Ratification of pr*nent Convention requiral. 

It i*< further agreed that no sepnrjite ratification of the present 
Convention shall Ik* neoeHMrv. but that it shall take efhcl IVohi 
the tiate of its signature, an«l be e^pially binding with the Treaty 
above mentioned on the Hi«'h Conlracting Parties. 



• 8«e Tre«»v <No. 1), Art. Ill, | %-^t 6. f Exchanged 2ith October, IfiCO. 

47 



Oct. 21, I860.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 8. 

Peking. [Evacuation of Chuaan, ftc] 

AETICLE VIII. 

Treaty of 26th June, 1858, and present Convention to he jpuhlislied 

by Chinese Governnieni, 

It is agreed that as soon as the ratifications of the Treaty of the 
year 1858 (No. 6) shall have been exchanged, His Imperial Majesty 
the Emperor of China shall, by Decree, command the liigh authori- 
ties in the capital and in the provinces to print and publish the 
aforesaid Treaty and the present Convention, for general informa- 
tion* 

ARTICLE IX. 

Coiulitionai Evacuation of Chusan and other Places in China 

occupied by British Troops, 

It is agreed that, as soon as this Convention shall have been 
signed, the ratifications of tlie Treaty of the year 1858 (No. 6) 
sliJill have been exchanged, and an Imperial decree respecting the 
publication of the said Convention and Treaty shall have been 
j)roniulgated, as provided for by Article VIII of this Convention, 
Chusan shall be evacuated by Her Britannic Majesty's troops there 
stationed,t and Her Hritiinuic Majesty's force now before Peking 
shall commence its marrh towards the city of Tien-tsin, the forts 
of Taku, the north coast of Shang-tung, and the city of Canton, at 
each or all of which places it shall be at the option of her Britannic 
Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland to retain a force 
until the indemnity of 8,000,000 taels, guaranteed in Article III, 
shall have been paid. 

Done at Peking, in the Court of the Board of Ceremonies, on 
the 2ith day of October, in the year of our Lord 1860. 

(L.S.) ELGIN AND KINCAEDINE. 



Sif^ature and Seal 

of the Cliincsc 

Plenipoieniiary. 



Smuggling. Between July, 1874, and March, 1875, a correspondence passed re- 
lating to the compluinta of the mercantile community in Hong Kong against the 
action of Chint'se revenue cruizers in the neigh bourliood of that colony. This cor- 
reBpondence was laid before Parliament in April, 1875 [C. — 1189]. On the 1st 
"December, 1874, tlie British Couf^ul at Canton drew up a report upon the subject, 
in whieli he pointed out bow the Treaty stipulations bore upon the first question, 
and the following is an extract from tliat Report (page 41) : — 

♦ Tliis Treaty was, with the Emperor's consent, posted on the waUs of Peking. 
t Chusan wan reoccupied by British and French troops on the 21st April, 1860, 
•nd evacuated on tlie 1st January, 18(31. 

48 



No. 8.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Oct. 24, 1860. 

[SmuflTflrling' at Hong' Xong'.] Peking. 

** ThoProclamEtion of Sir Cliarles, then Captain Elliot, of the 20th of Juno, ian/ 
no.iflc*(l the ceMion of Hong Koim to thf Brttiah Crown on ct'rtain ruiKlitionti, the 
firrt of which in : *' All ju«t char^fH an<l dutu*-* to tht» Kuipiri* upon the conunerco 
cmrriinl on thcro (Ht*ng Koi.g), to hv paid ji-- if t)ic tnidf wort* coiiducteil at Wliain- 
|>oa " (the anrhomgo at C'aiitonL llrrt*, then, is an explicit arknowle(lgnit*nt of the 
right of the ChineM* to lory dutio;* at Hon}; Kong. ]{ut the island had bfcn only 

Sron<*ionallj ctxit'd, and wa* in that position when the Proelaniation of the 7th of 
line, fire inontlm 8iib!K?(piently. was iMueJ, upon which the petitions rely.f But 
br Article III of the Treaty of Nankin, of Au;,Mi!«t the 21Hh, lHi2. whicli followed 
the war of that >(*ar, the if«!and wuh definitely convened to tlie British Crown, and 
betmnie {)art and jjareel (»f Her Maje!»ty'f» doiuinion!*, thus* ahrok'ating the two Pro- 
clamations aboTe mentioned ; and by the Treaty of October Mb, lSl.'t, which sup- 
p emented that of Nankin, it waD provided, under Article \I II, "should native* of 
China wish to rejittir to H<ing Kon<; to piirchanc (TtHMN, they »thall have full and free 
p^'rini^.<*ion to <lo s«», nnd nbould t)i<*y rtMiuire a (.')ii:it'!«c r<*'»>el to <*arry away tlieir 
puri*haA<*A, they muHt obtain a (uihh or f>urt clearance for her at the Cuntoin-iiouse 
vf the port whence the ve'«j«?l may !«ail from H<m»{ Koni; ; " an<l, under Article XIV, 
** An hngli<*h olliccr wdl be appointed at Hont; Koiiij, otic pa>t of who<<» duty will 
b" to examine rei»i!*t<*r«« an 1 puHHc** of all Cliiru't**' xchcU tliur may repair to that 
|iort to buy or sell gO'>d8 ; and shoul I !»ueh 4»Jli''.'r at any time hnd that «nv Chine»o 
mercliant Tessel has not a pas* i»r re^inter from one of the live |M>rt.H. ^hc i-* to Ihj 
con^ideretl as an unauMi'»rit*'Hl or jtmiignlim; v«'.<«'4el, and in not to be allowed to 
tra^le. whilst a re|>ort of t)ie circu'i»«it«n<*c<« in to be mn'b' to tht'CliiiiMc AutboritiC!*. 
By this arrangement it is hoped that pini<*y and illegal tralFic will be cfl»N lively 
prevented. '* IJy Article XVI, the moit im}K>rtnnt of the three, it wr.x agreed : 
•* That live Custom- House olHcer* of the five j»ort» j«I?all make a inoTith'.y return to 
Canton of the pas**»s granted to vessels procectling to Ht)ng Ktmij, tog"ther with 
the nature of their cargo«»s ; and a copy t»f these rt^turns will be embudusi in one 
return, aud communicatinl once a month to the proper Kngli<*h olfiror at Hong 
Kong. The said Knglinh officer will on his part, make a similar return or com- 
Tnunicition to the Chinette Authorities at (*>ntt>n, showing the name* of Chinese 
Tfswls arrired at Hong Kong, or departed fr<»m that |>ort, with the value of their 
cargoes: and the Canton Authorities will apprise the Custom-HoUM* at tlie fire 
p«irts, in order that, by thos<> arrangrinent.'* and precautions, all daudcftine and 
lilt g.il trade, under the cover of j>a«ses, mii\ be averted. " 

*' Such were the pre<*aut ions taken by llor .Majesty'i* Government at that time to 
prerent Hong Kong Ix'oming a Smug^linfr dep^^t, and the Chinese Goremment 
being defniude<l of its ju?»t dues ; and had they been preserve<l in future arrant^e- 
menta, all troublesome and ditlicult ({ue!<ti< iis like the present one had never arisen. 

• A Proclamation, in> it ing Chinese merohant-* to resort to Hong K*>ng for the 
puqKMM*t of tratle and commerce, under the promise of full prote<tit)ii from inter- 
'♦•rrneeon the part t»f the Chinese .Vuthoritie>», as by the said Prt>clumttlion, which 
ia in the words and figures follow in^. appears : — 

" -I Pnjrlamation. 

•* By Sir Cliarles Flliot. Ac , Ac. Ac. 

** It is hcr«di\ dtclarc<l to the merchHiits and traders of Canton and all parts of 
the Kmpire that the\ aiitl tbrir ^hl|»^ havr fre*- perini*.».ion to report t<» and trade at 
the port of Hong Kong, when* they will re<-civc full prot4ition from the high 
oflUvrs of the British nation, and H«>ng Kong U?ing on the sliores of tlie Chinese 
Kmpire, neither will there l>e any cliarKcs on imjM»rts an<l exjjorts t<» the British 
Government. It is furtherch'arly dtnlan^l that tben» will be an immtHliate end»argo 
U|Mm the port of Canton and all the larm* pt)rts of the Kinpire, if there be the le;4St 
obstruction to the fre«Mlom of trade and intcretmr.^e with the j>ort of Hong Kong. 
Persons brininng information to the Briti!»h otficers whi«-h f«liall leiwl to tlu* dt-tecf ion 
of pinit<»s will l>e lilx'rally re«ar<led, and the pirat**** will \h* taken and delivered 
OTcr to the oflieers of the ('hine?»f t io^ernmeiit fur punishment. 

" CiJiULt?. Ei.i.ioi. 

*' At Macao, thi- 7th di> (-f .Tune, IS^U." 

t " A Keturn nf tin* Ciaiin^ iiia^lr for Indj-fiinitx b\ thi» ('»»:iiin»"ni;il ( '•••i.inunitr 
of Cant4<n undi r thi* Coiivriiti*«n : ji** w«II im :i lit i urn -li.twnij. in drt.ii!. the 
manner in whi«'h the li.t) K».OH> of tarU, irt a*ide ft»rtlje j»urj»0'.r i.t !)i««!inif tlir!«e 
claims, were distributed and dis)H><«ed of, was laid iKtuie i'arhumciit in ls71." 
fC.-4o7.] 

41» K 



Ocf. 27. ISO.-,: GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 9. 

: Customs Seisures at Shanghai.] 

But hy the Treaty of Tifn-t«in. of the 20th June, 1858, which followed upon the 
third w'ur, tht- SuiipliMiuMittiry Trnity of Xaiikin wad ul)ropiti'<ly and with it weut 
these precaution-*, while mtm* wero fuhHtitiitnl, niiire which, smuggling proopered 
at Uon^ HtJiig, and the Canton Uuvcrnmcnt was driven to take the action now 
complained of." 

The Governor of Ifong Koni» was nevertheless informed bv the Secretary of 
8tAt«* for the (.'olonie;* that the Karl of Oerhy would dirtv-t IIi*r Majesty's Minister 
at Pekini; t:i call tiie atU'ution of tlie Chinese Ouvornuieiit to the complaints which 
h:Mi, from time Ut time, heen inadi' by the mereantile eommuuity in Uong Kong of 
the iiitfH'erence of the revenue cruizcrs wiih tin* junk trade, and to urge them to 
i.-sue such instruetionj as would render th<* ctdlection of their Customs revenue ill 
the immediate vicinity of lioni; Koiiir as little vexatious as possible to the GoTem- 
nient of that Colony, and to the great number of junks frequenting its waton for 
the purposes of lawful trade." 



(No. 9.) AnriCLES fiifrrnl upon htwren Mr. Wtuh and Prince 
Kmn), rt'l'ftux tu Cft.'iiS of Custoiiis' Seizure at Shanyhai. — Peking^ 
27t/tOdoh(r, 1865.* 

AKTICLE I. 

WiiEiiKVKit a ship or ^'ooils hcilongin*^ to a British subject may 
he seized in a ]M)rt of (.Jliiiia by the (,'u.stoiiis, the seizure is to be 
reported without deh\y to the Superintend»*nt. It' he consider the 
seizure justifii'd, he will direct the Foreijjjii Coniuiissiouer of 
C -ustoHis to give notice to the party to whom the sliip or goods are 
diHrlared to belong, that the ship or g<»ods have l)ecn seized be- 
eimse such or sucli au irregul irily hjis been eoniinitted, and that 
th(» said ship or goods will Ik.^ ctailisL'ated uidess before noon on a 
ecrrtain day, lieiug the Gth day fnau the date of deliver}' of the 
notice, the Superiniendent receive fnun the British Consul an 
otlicial application to have the rase fully investigated. 

The British subject to whom the ship or goods belong, if 
jmjpared to maintain that the alleged irregularity has not been 
committed, is free to appeal witliin the term of six days direct to 
the Commissioner. If satisfied with his e\])lanatiou, the Superin- 
tendent will direct the release of tlie ship org«»ods; otherwise, if he 
elect not so U) apjical to the ('ustt)ms, or if, after receiving his 
explanations, the Superintendent still decline to release the ship 
or gotuls, he may ajjpeal to his Consul, who will write to inform 
the Suj»erintend(»nt of the [)articulars of his appeal, and to request 
him, the Superintendent, to name a day for the public investiga- 
tion of the evidence on which tlie action of the Customs is 
founded. 

ARTICLE 11. 

Tlif? Superintendent, on receipt of the (.V)nsurs communications, 
wn* 11 name a day for meeting him at tlie ( 'ustoui-l louse, and the 
Consul will desire the merchant to a]>|war witli his witnesses at 
the Custt)m-}Iouse on {ho day named, and will himself on that day 

• Approved bv tlir I)riii.-li Ci >vcninu'iit, 2Uh JiinuJirv, tHOt>; but superseded 
I'V .It)inl InVL'Stigutifn Kulco of 3l8t jVIuv, IStlS. See jJiige C55. 



No. 9 J OREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Oct. 27, 1866. 

[OuBtoms Seizures at Shanghai.] 

proceed to the Custom-Hoiise. The Superintendent will invite the 
Consul to take his seat with liim. 

The Commissioner of Customs will also be seated to assist 
the Superintendent. Proceedings wiU be opened by the Superin- 
tendent, who wiU call on the Customs' employ(?s who have seized 
the ship or goods to state the circumstance which occasioned the 
seizure, and will question them according to their evidence. 
Whatever the merchant interested may have to state in contiudic- 
tion of their evidence he will state to the Consul, who will cross* 
examine for him. Such will be the proceedings in the interest of 
truth and fairness. 

The Consul and Superintendent may, if they see fit, appoint 
deputies to meet at the Custom-House in their stead, in which 
case the order of proceeding will be the same as if they were 
present in person, 

ARTICLE III. 

Notes will be taken of the statements of all parties examined, 
and the paper containing these will be signed and sealed by the 
CcMisul and Superintendent. The room will then be cleared, and 
the Superintendent will inform the Consul of the course he pro- 
poses to pursue. If he propose to confiscate the vessel or goods, 
and the Consul dissent, the merchant interested may appeal, and 
the Consul having given notice of the appeal to the Superinten- 
dent, they will forward copies of the above notes, the Consid to his 
Minister and the Superintendent to the Yam^n of Foreign Affairs 
at Peking. If the Consul agrees with the Superintendent that the 
ship or goods ought to be confiscated, the merchant will not be 
entitled to appeal. In no case will the release of ships or goods 
entitle the merchant to indemnification for the seizure, whether 
these be released after the investigation at the Custom-House or 
after appeal to the high authorities of both nations at Peking. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The case being referred to superior authority, the merchant 
interested shall be at liberty to give a bond, binding liimself to pay 
the full value of the ship or goods attached, should the ultimate 
decision be against him, whicli bond being sealed with the Con- 
sular Seal, and deposited with the Superintendent, the Superin- 
tendent A\411 restore to the merchant the ship or goods attached, 
and when the superior authority shall have decided whether so 
much money is to be paid, or the whole of the property seized con- 
fiscated, the merchant will be called on to pay accordingly. 

If the merchant decline to give the necessary security, the 
shi}) or merchandise attached will be detained. lUit whether the 
de(ision of the superior authority be favourable to the a})pellantor 
not, the appellant will not be entitled to claim indemnity. 



51 K 2 



March 5, isno.j GKKAT HRITATN AND CHINA. [No. 10 

[Chinese Emiffranta.] 



(No. 10.) CONVENTIOX fo rrgulatc the Engagement of CfJiinese 
Emigrmils bf/ Britisk and Frnuh Subjcds. Signed at Peking, 
5th March, 1806 * 

The Govummeiit of His Majesty tlic Emperor of China having 
reciuestod that, in accorilance witli the terms of Conventions 
sij^^iied at Pekii);;, the 24th and 2rith of October, 1860 (No, 8), 
a set of Iteguhitions should ])e framed to secure to Cliinese emi- 
grants those safe;j;uards which are ret] ui red for their moral and 
I)hysical well-bein<r; the ftjllowint^^ after due discussion and 
dcilihcration at the Yamen of Foreign Aftairs, have been adopted 
by the Undersigned, and will lieueeforth be in forca 

Rgt/liUions. 

AKTICLE I. 

Any person desiring;; to open an emigration agency iu any port 
in ('liina, must address an ai>plication in writnig to that effect to 
his Consul, inclosing at the same time copy of the rules which ho 
])r«>pose8 to observe in his establishment, coi)y of the contract 
\vhi(jli lie offers to emigrants, together with the necessary proofs 
tlial. he has complied with all the conditions imposed by die laws 
c»f his country regulating emigration. 

ARTICLE IT. 

The Consul aftor having assured himself of the solvency and 
respcrtability of the appli<ant, and having examined and approved 
the copies of the rules and contracts, shall communicate them to 
the (.'hinese authorities, and sliall rcijuest them to issue the licence 
nec(»ssary for opening an emigration agency. 

The li(!ence, together witli the rules and contracts as approved 
by the Chinese autliorities, will be registered at the Consulate. 

ARTICLE III. 

Xo licence to open an emigration agency shall be withdrawn 
ex.!('pt upon sufiicient grounds, and then only with the sanction of 
the Consul. In such a case the emigration agent shall have no 

* Tliisi Coiivcnti«»n w.i'' ]>iil)li-liofl ut Sliangliao by TT<»r Majesty's Conral at 
thni port on t}ie 22iul March, ISrli), but- it w:ts not nttified; ntiU it- forms the 
pulijt-c't of ocvii'«ic;j!iil Kt IVrtMicr iu (' >rn-s{)(Ujdi-Mi-(^ with iho Cbiueso authorities, and 
ih mXrroAiup n«» imliijitintr wbat the Ki'jirffeulaiivc.x of both (lovemnients were at 
(Hio tiim* projiartMl to mo'.vj t wirli rocanl to a (jiu'stion wliirh it* still in an uns*ttlcd 
Ptaif. For c'oiroHpi.iudiMii'c aud arU r''l:itiiic; to Chiutrop Imiiiigration into British 
t'oiouics eco Pur. Paper, •' Australasia," 1888 IC. -6148J. 

52 



No. lOJ GREAT BIUTAIN AND CHINA. [March 6, 1866. 

[diinese Emigrants.] 

claim to compensation for the closing of his establishment and the 
suspension of his operations. 

AETICLE IV. 

No modification of the rules and contracts when once approved 
by the Consul and by the Chinese authorities shall be made with- 
out their express consent ; and in order that no emigrant may be 
ignorant of them the said rules and contracts shall m all cases be 
posted up on the door of the emigration agency and in the quarters 
of the emigrants. 

The emigration agent shall be allowed to circulate and make 
gererally known in the towns and villages of the Province copies 
of these rules and contmcts which must in all cases bear the seals 
of the Chinese authorities and of the Consulate. 



ARTICLE V. 

Every emigration agent shall be held responsible under the 
laws of his country for the due execution of the clauses of the 
contract signed by him until its expiiution. 



AETICLE VL 

Every Chinese employed by the emigration agent to find him 
emigrants, shall be provided with a special licence' from the 
Chinese authorities, and he alone will be responsible for any act 
done by him in the above capacity that may be, whether inten- 
tionally or unintentionally, in contravention of the laws of the 
empire. 

AETICLE VII. 

Every Chinese wishing to emigrate under an engagement shall 
cause his name to be entered in a register kept for that purpose, 
in the presence of the emigration agent and of an inspector deputed 
by the Chinese Government. He will then be at liberty to return 
to his home or to remain in the emigration depot to wait the de- 
parture of the ship which is to carry him to his destination. 



AETICLE VIIL 

The contracts shall specify : — 

1st. The place of destination and the length of the engage- 
ment. 

2nd. The right of the emigrant to be conveyed })ack to his 
own country, and the sum which shnll be paid at the exi)iration of 
hi? contract to cover the expense of his voyage home and that of 
his family should tliey acconipnnv him. 

5'.{ 



MaH. o. 1S0C3 GREAT RRTTATN AND CHIXA. [No. 10« 

'ChiJieBe Emiffrants.' 

*5:«1. Th^' nuiiiVier of workiiiL' «l;iv3 in the vi?ar nr.il tli»* lenjrth 

of «.-'-;«;Il «l:iv"s W.ilk. 

It' J. Tin* \v:ij«'-. r."iti»n??, clMtliiiig, aiul other nilvuntajres pro- 

IiiJT-"l l'> :i;ir t'liii'jlJilit. 

';ih. Jriatiiit' i:- iin-li'.nl attr-ndnuce. 

*jth. Thv sum which the emi;^'i-aiit a;.Tee3 to set aside out of his 
nioiithly wji'/trs fur ilie Vit^iiefit of jurrsoiis to l>e named by him, 
slioiiM he di'-iiie to aikpropriute any sum to such a purpose. 

7th. Copies of the Sth, inli, 10th, Uth, and 22nd Articles of 
thesi* Iltrj^nliiiions. 

Any eliiuse wliich shall purport to render invalid any of the 
provi-ion-5 of tliis iieguhttion is null and void. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The term of f*ach emiirrant*s en«:;ijrenjent shall not exceed five 
years, at tlie expintion of wliich the sum stipulated in the con- 
tract <hall be jraid for him to cover the expense of his return to 
his country. In the event nf his obtaining permission to remain 
without an en^'ai^ement in this colony, this sum will be placed in 
his own liands. 

It shall always }»e at the option of the emigrant to enter into 
a second eiii:a^enu*nt of five years, for which he shall be paid a 
j>r«Mnium equivalent to one-half the cost of his return to China. 
In such a case the sum di-stined to cover the expense of his return 
h(.>]ne shall not lie paid until the expiration of his second engage- 
ment. 

Kv(;ry emigrant who may Ixeome invalided and incapable of 
working sliall be allowed, without waiting for the expiration of 
his contract, to claim before the legal Courts of the colony or 
territorv where he niav l»e, pavment on his behalf of the sum 
deitineti to cover the expense of his return to China. 

ARTICLE X. 

The emigrant shall in no case l.>e forced to work more than 
six days out of seven, nt^r more tlian nine hours and a half in the 
day. 

Tlic emigrant shall be free to arrange with his employer the 
conditions of work by the ]>iece or job, and of all extra labour 
undertakftn during days and hours set ajiart for rest. 

The obli«'ation on holidays to attend to cattle, or to do such 
services as tlui necessities of daily life may demand, shall not be 
considen.'d as labour. 

ARTICLE XL 

No engagement to emigi-ate entered into by any Chinese sub- 
ject under 20 years of age, will l)e valid unless he produce a cer- 
tiiicate from tlic proper Chinese authorities stating that he has 

r)4 



Mo. 10.] GREAT BUITAiy AND CHINA. [March 5, 1806. 

[CQiinese Exnigrranta.] 

been authorised to contract such engagement by his parents, or, in 
a default of his parents, by the magistrate of the port at which 
he is to embark. 

ARTICLE XII. 

After four days, but not less, from the date of the entry of the 
emigrant's name on the register of the agency, the officer deputed 
by the Chinese Government being present, the contract shall be 
read to the emigrant, and he shall be asked i^hether he agrees to 
it, and having answered in the affirmative, he shall then and (here 
append his signature thereto. 

ARTICLE XIII 

The contract once signed, the emigrant is at the disposal of the 
agent, and must not absent himself from the depot without the 
permission of the agent. 

Before embarking, every emigrant shall be called before the 
officer deputed by the Chinese authorities to ratify his contract, 
which shall be registered at the Consulate. 

Twenty-four hours before the sailing of the ship, the emigrants 
shall be mustered on board before the Consul and the Inspector 
of Customs, or their deputies ; and the list shall be finally closed 
for signature and registration by the Consul and the Inspector. 

Any individual refusing to proceed after this muster shall be 
bound to repay the expenses of his maintenance in the Emigra- 
tion Depot at tlie rate of one hundred cash (one-tenth of a tael) 
per diem. In default of payment he shstll be handed over to the 
Chinese Magistrate to be punished according to the laws. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Any sum handed over to the emigrant before his departure 
shall only be regarded in the light of the premium upon his engage- 
ment. All advances upon his future wages are formally forbidden 
except in the case of their being aj>pr )priated to the use of his 
family, and the Consul will take especial pains and provide against 
their being employed in any other way. Such advances shall not 
exceed six months* wages, and shall be covered by a stoppage of 
one dollar per month until the entire debt shall have been paid. 

It is absolutely forbidden, whether on the voyage or during 
the emigrant's stay in the colony or territory in which he may be 
employed, to make any advances to him in money or kind pay- 
able after the expiration of liis engagement. Any agreement of 
this nature shall be null and void, and shall give the creditor no 
power to oppose the return of the emigrant to his country at the 
time fixed by the contract. 

55 



March 6, 1S66.] GREAT BTIITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 10. 

[Chinese Emiffrants.] 

ARTICLE XV. 

The emigrant during his stay in the depot shall lie hound to 
coniorni to the regulations adopted for its internal economy by 
the Consul and the Chinese authorities. 

ARTICLE XVL 

Any emigrant who may be riotous or guilty of any misconduct 
shall be immediately locked up until the arrival of the officers 
deputed by the Chinese authorities, to whom he will be handed 
over to be punished in conformity with the laws of the Empire ; 
the officers of the agency being in no ciise authorised to take the 
law into their own hands and inflict any punishment. 

ARTICLE XVII. 

The deputies of the Consul and of the Chinese authorities shall 
at all times be empowered to demand admittance to the Agency, and 
to summon the emigrants before them for the purpose of interro- 
gation. 

They will be present at the signing of the contracts and at the 
embarkation of the coolies. 

They will see to the maintenance of order, to the healthiness 
and cleanliness of the rooms destined to receive the emigrants, to 
the separation of the families and women, and to the arrange- 
ments on board the transport ships. 

They may at any time demand that experts or Medical Officers 
shall be caUed in, in order to verify any defects which they may 
have remarked; they may sus])eud the embarkation of emigrants 
in ships the arrangements on board of which may seem to them 
defective, and they may reject coolies atiiicted wdth contagious 
diseases. 

ARTICLE XVIIL 

The Emigration Agent shall be bound to pay into the Custonis 
Bank the sum of three dollars for every male adult entered on the 
list of coolies embarked, to meet the expenses of inspection. 



ARTICLE XIX. 

Any emigmnt claimed by the Chinese Government as an 
offender against the law shall be handed over to the authorities, 
without opposition, tlirough the Consul ; and in such case the 
whole sum expended for the maintenance of the emigrants in the 
Agency or on board ship shall be repaid immediately to the Emi- 
gration Agent, at the rate of one hundred cash (one-tenth of a 
tael) per diem. 

The sum of the premium, advances, clothes, &c., entered in the 

66 



No. 10.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [March 6, 1806. 

[Chinese Emi^ants.] 

Agency IJe^iister against such emigrant shall in like manner be 
repaid by the Chinese Government. 

ARTICLE XX. 

The Emigration Agent shall not be at liberty to embark emi- 
grants on board any ship which shall not have satisfied the Consul 
that, in respect of its internal economy, stores, and sanitary 
arrangements, all the conditions required by the laws of the 
country to which the said ship may belong are fulhlled. 

Should the Chinese authorities, upon the reports of the officers 
deputed by them, conceive it their duty to protest against the 
embarkation of a body of emigrants in a ship approved by the 
Consuls, it shall be in the power of the Customs to suspend the 
granting of the ship's port-clearance until further information 
shall have been obtained, and until the final decision of tlie Lega- 
tion of the country to which the suspected ship belongs shall have 
been pronounced. 

ARTICLE XXL 

On arrival of the ship at her destination, the duplicate of the 
list of emigrants shall be presented by the Captain, to be vised by 
his Consul and by the local authorities. 

In the margin and opposite to the name of each emigrant, 
note shall be made of deaths, births, and diseases during the 
voyage, and of the destination assigned to each emigrant in the 
colony or territory in which he is to be employed. 

This document sliall be sent by the Emigration Agent to the 
Consul at the port at which the emigrants embarked, and by him 
delivered to the Chinese authorities. 



ARTICLE XXIL 

In the distribution of the emigrants as labourers, the husband 
shall not be separated from his wife, nor shall parents be separated 
from their children being under 15 years of age. 

No labourer shall be bound to cliange his employer without his 
consent, except in the event of the factory or plantation upon 
which he is employed changing hands. 

His Imperial Highness the Prince of Kung has further declared 
in the name of the Government of His Majesty the Emperor of 
China : — 

1st. Tliat the Chinese Government, throws ro obstacle in the 
way of free emigration, that is to say, to tlie departure of Cliinese 
subjects embarking of their own free will and at tlieir own 
expense for foreign countries, but that all attempts to bring 
Chinese under an engagement to emigrate, otherwise than as the 
present Regulations provide, are formally forbidden, and will be 
prosecuted with the extreme rigour of the law. 

57 



Oc-t. 23, 18C1).] GREAT BRITAIN AXD CHINA. [NO. 11. 

[Commerce. &c.] 

2nd. That a law of the Kmpire ])unislies by death those wlio, 
by friiiiil or l»y force, may kidnap Chinese subjects for the purpose 
of sendinjT them abroad against their will. 

3rd. That whereas the operations of Kmigration Agents with a 
view to the supply of coolie labour abroad are authorised at all 
open ports, when conducted in conformity with these Regulations, 
and under the joint su])ervision of the Consuls and the Chinc-se 
authorities, it follows that where this joint su|K}rvision cannot be 
exercised, such oi)eration8 are formally forbidden. 

These declarations are here placed on recoitl in order that they 
may have the same forc^ and validity as the liegulations contained 
in the 22 Articles foreg >ing. 

Done and signed at Peking in triplicate, the 5th of March, 
1866. 

(LS.) EUTHERFOED ALCOCK 

Seal and Signature of 

(L.S.) rUIXCE KUNG. 

(LS.) HE^^EY DE BELLONET. 



(No. 11.) SUPriEMENTARY CONVENTION to the Treaty 

of Comnurce and Naviijaium of 2iiik Jtme, 1858, between Great 
Britain a fid China, rekintj, 23n/ October, 1861).* 

[With foot-notc8 by Mr. (now Sir Robert) Hart atl ached to each Articlo.3 

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the Emj)eror of China, de- 
siring to secure the bett^^r execution of the Trejity of Commerce 
concluded between them on the 2()tli of June, 1858 (No. 6),t have 
resolved, in accordance witli tlie provision made in the XXVIIth 
Article, to the elfect " that either of the High Contmcting Parties 
may demand a further reYisi(jn of the Tariff and of the Commercial 
Articles of that Treaty at the end of ten years," to negotiate a 
complementfiry arrangement, and they have for that purpose 
named as their Pleniijott^ntiaries, that is to say: — 

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, Sir Eutherlbrd Alcock, Knight Commander of 
tlie Most Honourable Order of tlie liath, Her said Majesty's 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Majesty 
the Emperor of China; 

And His Majesty the Emperor of Cliina, His Imperial High- 
ness (Ho-shuo) Prince of Kung; Wen Hsiang, President of the 
l>oard of Civil Olhce; Pao Chiin, President of the Board of 
i^evenue; Tung Hsiin, President of tlie Board of Eevenue; Tan 

• Parlinmontarv paper, Cliinu \o. 1 Cl^TO). This Convention was not ratified; 
but it is given in this collwtion, us it stiU fornii* the Fuhject of orcaeionul reference 
in corro8»f»ondcnc<' witli llie Chinese authorities. See Cbefoo CouTeution, 13tb Sep- 
Wu.her 1870. (No. 12) 

t Pu«e 16. 



No. 11.] . GREAT BMTAI?^ AND CHINA. [Oct. 2.% 1869. 

[Comxneroe, &o.] 

Ting Hsianti;, President of the Board of Punishment ; aod Chung 
Llin, President of the Colonial Office; 

Who, after liaving communicated to each other their respective 
full powers, found in good and due form^ have agreed upon the 
following Articles : — * 

AETICLE I.t 

Most Favoured Nation Treatvie^U accorded to British Sultjcds* 

China having agreed that British subjects shall participate in 
all advantages accorded by Treaty to the subjects of other 
Powers, it is further agreed that British subjects der^iring to par- 
ticipate in the advantages accorded by Treaty to the subjects of 
other Powers shall participate in such advantages on the same con- 
ditions on which they have been accorded to, and are participated 
in by, the subjects of such other Powers. 

ARTICLE II. J 

Appointment of Consuls, 

China having agreed that England may appoint Consuls to re- 
side at every port open to trade, it is further agreed that Clnna 
may appoint Consuls to reside at all ports in the British domi- 
nions. 

The Consuls so appointed shall respectively be entitled to the 
treatment accorded to the most favoured nation. 

AETICLE IIL 

Payment of Import and Transit Duties. 

It is agreed that commodities of the following classes and de- 
nominations, viz., cottons, linens, woollens, woollen and cotton 
mixtures, &c., &c., imported by British merchants, shall pay both 
import duty and transit due simultaneously at the time of impor- 
tation. 

NoTBS BT Mr. Hart. 

* In the preamble only a part of the XXVIIth Article is qnotedj what is 
omitted would hare a bearing in the time for the next revision, and it is omitted in 
order that that question ma^ receive its own solution in time, and not, hy becoming 
a vexed question now, interfere indefinitely with the work of the present revis on. 

t This Article is placed first because it contains the principle on which all volun- 
tary revision, so far as China is concerned, hinges. England, to have the benefit of 
advantages accorded to any other State, agrees to be boimd by the conditions 
consentml to by the Sta'e concerned to obtain the advantages in question. With 
this form of the "most-favoured-nation*' clause it is hoped that other Treaty 
Powers will be induced to accept what China gives, on the Chinese terms assented 
to by England. 

X The only explanation this Article needs is, that while foreign Consuls are 
called ** Ling-shihkuan" in China, Chinese Consuls in England, althoui^h styled 
Consuls by the English, will be known to Chinese officials by another Chinese title 
(not yet fixed on) than of "Ling-shih*kuHn." That they arc simply to be Consuls 
is evident from the concluding words of the Article. 

59 



Oct. 23, 1809.] GREAT HUITAIX AND CHINA. [No. IL 

[Cozhxuerce, &c.] 



Ext'mption frovi all other Tujo's and Charyes, 



J 



On the olhiT part, China a^rrees that the above-mentioned 
coniinodities, im]>ortud hy Hriti.sli merchants and having paid 
import duty and transit due simultaneously at the time of impor- 
tation, shall be exempt from all other taxes and charges whatso- 
ever in Treaty port provinces.* 

AirncLE IV. 

Payment of Inland Ducsy dc, on Native Procliice purcliascd in the 

Interior. 

It is agreed tliat native produce purchased in the interior by 
British merchants furnished with the documents prescril>ed by the 
Supplementary Kej:julaiions, shall pay all inland dues and charges 
on its way to the Treaty port 

On the other jiart, China agrees that any such native produce 
having paid all inland dues and charges on the way to the poit from 
the place of ])urchase, shall be entitled to the return of any amount 
that may have been thus ])aid over and above the Treaty transit 
due (lialf export duty), provided i'Xi)ortation l)y British merchants 
to a foreign port takes place within twelve months. 

It is further agreed that native produce shipped to another 
Treaty port shall not be entitled to such ref und.t 

ARTICLE V. 

Cliinese Produce f<h ijtpal from Ilonfj Kong to a Treaty Port, 

It is agreed that Chinese produce shipped from Hong Kong to 
a Treaty port shall not be carried inland under the transit rule, 
but shall pay dues, duties, and inland charges like all other native 
produce at all barriers passed. 

f^ Native Produce shijqnd from Treaty Parts to and from Hong Kong. 

On the other jiart, China agrees to issue to native produce 
shipped by British merchants IVoni Treaty i>orts U) Hong Kong 

XoTiiS UY Mb. Haut. 

r • This i« n most important concession, for it permits manufactures (the goods in 
whose Bule Knglnnd is chictlj int<;rcetcc]) to cirouhite frcdy without ecrt.ificHte, and 
without further chiiigo or tax on pavmeut of 7i p«"r cent., through tlio Treaty port 
Provinces. It is n concession fur in advance of tlic Tien>t!»iji transit olaute •■ 
regards one-half of Cliina, and as regards llie other Jialf the former transit privi- 
lege is continued in force. The " bupplenieubirv reguhilious" will show the action 
to be taken. 

t The advantages of tliis new arrangement are obvious. On the one hand, the 
Britisli merchant will have refunded to him in cnt»h whatever taxes lie may haTO 
paid over and above half tarilT nite {'1^ percent.) in bringing from the interior 
Chinese produce for shipment to a for«i;:ii market ; and, on tlie other hand, the 
Chinese Government will h«' able lo ht<p ilie ninlpra<tiees of those Chinese who 
employ foreigners to bring j)roduee from th<' interior (not intended for the foreign 
market), and who by thus cheating the Government out of its ju»t dues on native 
trade, have indii^posed it to give in llii* ).•;l^t a nnrm Mipjiort to the foreign transit 
clauses. This is uuquestiunablv an ini]>r>»\(Mijent on the Ticn-ttj^iu transit rule. 



No. 11.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Oct. 23, 1869- 

[Comxneroe, &o.] 

the ordinary export duty proofs, and to collect on such produce, 
on arrival at a second Treaty port, the ordinary coast trade (half 
import) duty.* 

ARTICLE VI. 

Win-ckSi') to he a Treaty Port 

It is agreed that the port of Wen-chow, in Che-kiang, shall 
be opened to British trade (see No. 12, § III (i)), 

Kiung-chow [Hainan] not to he a Treaty Port. 

and that Kiung-chow [Hainan], named in the Treaty of Tien-tsin 
(No. 6, Art. XI) shall be removed from the list of Treaty 
ports, t 

ARTICLE VIL 
Payment of Tonnage Dues. 

It is agreed that British merchant vessels shall not be called 
on to pay tonnage dues oftener than once in the four months. 

On the other part, England agrees that British merchant 
vessels of every description, whether used for the transport or 
storage of merchandise, conveyance of passengers, or residence 
(merchant ships, hulks, chop«, &c.), as well as of cmft of the 
Chinese type, owned by British subjects, sliall pay tonnage dues 
according to their tonnage, if trading from port to port, on the 
expiration of their special certificates, and if used as hulks in port 
9n the expiration of the term of four months, as the case may 
be.t 

Notes by Mb. Habt. 

* Firstly, this gires the Hon^ Kong merchants what they ask for, and, secondly, 
it arranges what Chinese officials liaTo long felt to he a grievance. Till now Chinese 
produce (say sugar) shipped from Canton to Sbanghae, has, vid Chin-kiang, gone 
into the interior as native produce, while at the same time, and possibly conveyed 
by t'le same person, the very same kind of native produce, shipped vid Uong Kong, 
and therefore held to have changed its origin, has entered the interior as a foreign 
coniiiioiiity and under the transit system, the former paying all inland taxes en 
ro(fe, and the latter freed from them by one transit payment. Offices lost revenue, 
and constant quarrelling has taken place as to the nature of such goods at the 
barriers. Under the new rules Chinese produce will be treated as Chinese produce, 
for the sake of native officials, when entering the interior, having come from Hong 
Kong ; and for the sake of foreign merchants when going to a Treaty port, but 
transhipped at Hong Kong (i.«., paying a full duty on shipment, and a half duty 
on discharge, instead of two full duties as going to and then coming from a foreign 
country). 

t This is a wise exchange. Kiung-chow has been nominally a Treaty port for 
ten years, and still shows no signs of inviting trade ; it will therefore be no loss to 
remove it from the list. On the other hand, W6n-cli6w will afford a ready exit for 
a sort of tea that reaches Foo-chow after a long, difficult, and expensive transit, 
and as it is the port of a comparatively populous and wealthy country, it will take 
many foreign commodities. Further, to o})en it will be almost as good as to 
subsidise a steam line betwt en Foo-chow and Shanghae, both of which places desire 
rapid and reguUr communication. W6n-ch6vr will be a decided gam, and .will 
he -omo another im, ortant centre whence trade will radiate. 

X Tliis, too, is a de ideJ gain. Ves-els now go to the Amoor, Japan, Hong 
Koiig, Manila, and Saigon, only pairing tonnage dues once in the four months. The 



Oct. 23, 1869] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Mo. IL 

[Commeroe^ fto.] 

ARTICLE VIII. 

SJiips' Manifests. 

It is a^o^eed that all British merchant vessels shall report to the 
Customs their poit of destiuation, and shall hand in export mani- 
fests when al>out to clear. 

On the otiier part, China agrees that the amount of any fine for 
false manifests where British subjects are concerned shall be deter- 
mined in accordance with the special circumstances, and shall not 
in any case exceed the sum of 500 Uiels.* 

ARTICLE IX. 
Fines and Confiscations for Breaches of Customs Eegidations. 

It is agreed that in all cases of fines arising out of breaches of 
Customs Regulations, the Superintendent or the Commissioner of 
(.*u.stoms may have a seat on the bench, and take part with the 
British Consul in iiuiuiring into the case. 

And that in all cases of confiscation arising out of breaches of 
Customs Regulations the liritish Consul may have a seat on the 
bench with the Sui»erinteiulent or the Commissioner of Customs, 
and take part in iu(|uiiing into the case. 

Commercial Code. 

It is further agreed tliat England and China shall in consulta- 
tion ditiw up a Commercial Code.f 

ARTICLE X. 

Pilots, 

On the one part China agrees to issue licences to pilots. 
On the other part England agrees to punish British subjects 
piloting, or who employ persons to pilot, not having licences. 

Notes by Me. II art. 

new rule which, without epocifvinp placci*, simply mentions time — " once in four 
months" — wiU enable vessels trading to Bntuvia, Bangkok, Singapore, Malaoofty 
and Pcnang to take advantage of the same privilege as regarcls payment of tonnftge 
riucj. The rule as it affects hulks will only A'ery properly en ct that they an to 
)»iy every four months for the space they occupy in the liarbour, and b^r their 
siia'e in supporting harbour police, &c. 

* The Treaties have not provided export manifests or report of destination. 
In return for the assent to provide for the:«e wants, China consents — instead of 
fini!:g 500 tueld for every faUe manifest — to fine offenders in sums not exceeding 
COO (ael;*, and which are to be determined in each case by the circumstances aoooni« 
panying the offence. 

T The object of this is 8imj)ly to give a Treaty clause authority to the prineiple 
of joint investigation in Cii;^i(»md 4;a:«e:i. The concludinu: sentence is a stipuliition of 
grt^ut \aliie. A Commercial Code jicceptod bv buth Chii.u and Kn^land will bo verj 
useful i!i itself, and it may i>erha])8 jiuvo tlie way for refor<i.« in tiic judicial proce- 
dure in China generally speaking. This promise mudt be considered m not a little 
gained. 

C2 



No. 11.] GBEAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Oct. 23, 3869. 

[Coznzoerce, Ac] 

Restraint of Crews of Ships. 

It is further agreed that effect shall be given to the stipulation 
of the Treaty of Tien-tsin that, " for the due restraint of crews of 
ships, regulations will be drawn up by the Consuls and the local 
authorities."* 

ARTICLE XI. 
Drawbacks. 

It is agreed that drawbacks issued to foreign goods re- 
exported by British merchants to foreign countries within three 
months from the date of importation shall be convertible (at the 
llaikuan bank) into cash. 

On the other part, England agrees that foreign goods, re- 
exported by British merchants to foreign countries after the expi- 
ration of three years from the date of importation, shall not be 
entitled to drawback of import duty.f 

ARTICLE XII. 

Opium. 

w/ It is agreed that opium shall pay import duty at an increased 
rate. 

On the other part, China agrees : — 

Passports, British Svhjects visiting non- Treaty Ports or Places in 

the Interior. 

1. That British subjects holding passports may use their own 
vessels, resembling Chinese craft, and propelled by oars or sails, 
when visiting non-Treaty ports or places in the interior. 

Bonded WareJumses. 

2. That bonded warehouses shall be established for British 
subjects at such Treaty ports as may be expedient. 

Trading at Kiu Hang. 

3. That the Superintendent of Customs at Kiu kiang shall 
provide a tug for the use of British-owned Chinese-like boats on 
the Poyang, and in the vicinity of Hukow. 

NoTBB BY Mb. Habt. 

• The object of this is to give a Treaty clause authority to licensing Pilots and 
punishirig those who pilot without licences. It is to serve as a base and support for 
an efFicicnt pilotage service. 

t This Article stipulates for what will be beneficial to both parties. On the 
one hand, the British merchant will receive back in cash duties paid on goods 
re-exported within tliiee months, and on the other the Chinese Government will 
have a limit fixed bejond which it will not be liable for refunds of duty carried to 
account. 

63 



O.^t. 23, 1869.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Ko. 11. 

[Commerce, &o.] 

Bonds far Hc-cx porta turn of Teas. 

4. That bonds entered into by BrilLsh merchants for the re- 
export, of teas shii)ped from Yang-tsze jx)rt8 shall as an experiment 
be done away with. 

Opening of Coal Mines, 

5. That the TmY)erial Commissioner in the south shall open 
coal mines at two or three i)laces ; and 

Redicction of Duty on Native CoaL 

6. That the duty on native coal, exported by British mer- 
chants from the southern ports, shall be reduced.* 

ARTICLE XIII. 

E.rport Duty on Silk. 

It is agreed that silk shall pay export duty at an increased rate. 
On the other part, China agrees : — 

Wu-hu to he opened to Tirade. 

1. That Wu-hu, in Anhui, shall be opened to British trade. 

Re^ejpoi'fation of Foreign Grain, 

2. Tliat foreign grain may be re-expoited, and without pay- 
ment of duty, by British merchants. 

Daty-fre^, Goods, 

n. That materials used by British subjects in docks for the re- 
pail's (if British vessels shall be exempt from duty. 

4. That the list of duty-free goods for r)riti3h household use 
and ships* stores shall be revised. 

Foreign Cotrl and Gnano, 

r>. That foreign coal and guano imported by British merchants 
slmll be exempt from duty; and 

Note by Mb. IlAitT. 

* As regards increased duty on Opium, the increase wiU only amount to 2^ per 
cent., mid opium can weU bear it. Tlie consumption wiU not be decreased by a 
sin<:Ic t)iince, and the tax wiU faU on the CbinoHe consumer. In exchange China 
■will i^ivc bonded warohou«»ee, whicli some mercliantB \n\vv called for »o loudly; wiU 
commence to work two or three coal mines, reducinj^ the duty on native Coal ; will 
do away witli troublesome tca-bomls ; will put a tug in the Toyang Lake, and will 
permit British merchiints to go in llieir own boats Avherevcr tlieir business calls 
them. Here are three eon<re:?aion8 of a value which will be d"mon*tnited before the 
next revision takes place; more espeeially tlie la^t, which will work powerfully in 
opening China, to say nothing of the clTeet likely to follow the proper working of a 
mine. 

64 



No. U.] GKEAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Oct. 23, 1860. 

[Oommeroe, Ac] 

Redtiction of Import Duties on certain Articles, 

6. That import duties shall be reduced on watches, pepper, black 
and white, tin plates, and timber imported by British subjects.* 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Rules for fixing relation of Syce*, to Customs Standard. 

It is agreed that each Custom-House shall draw up rules 
fixing the touch of Sycee to be received in the payment of duties 
by the bank at each port. 

It is further agreed that the various documents issued to 
British subjects (transit papers, passports, &c.) shall be returnable 
on the expiration of one year from the date of issucf 

ARTICLE XV. 

Confirmation of Articles not hereby revised. 

It is agreed on both parts that the Articles untouched by the 
present revision shall be hereby declared to be renewed and 
confirmed, and that the revised version shall rule in the case of 
such Articles as the present revision aflFects.J 

ARTICLE XVL 

Convention to he ratified.^ 

The present Convention shall be ratified, and the ratification 
sliall be exchanged at Peking as soon as possible. In witness 
whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present 

NoTBB BY Mb. Habt. 

* The increased duty on Silk wiU be slightly over 1 per cent , and while it 
cannot much affect price in consumption, to assent to it procures seyeral advantages 
for merchants in China. Duties are reduced on sundry articles ; guano and foreign 
coal are freed from duty; foreign grain may now be re-exported (hitherto for- 
bidden), and that without any duty. Dock stores are to be admitted free of duty, 
and a rerieed list of household and ships' stores, free of duty, is to he drawn up ; 
lastly, Wu-hu is to be opened to trade. This last concession is of immense import- 
ance, if only for the reason that it makes the Province of Anhui, a Treaty port 
proTince, and this opens that province for the circulation of British manufactures, 
in accordance with tne freedom and easy t^rm^ assented to in Article III. 

t Possessing no Coinage (cash excepted), China causes great trouble to foreign 
men^hants in paying duties by calling for payment in a medium which does not 
really exist ; it is therefore of importance to get it distinctly stated at each port 
what relation local sycee bears to the Customs standard, and this is the task that 
this Article puts on the Superintendent of Customs at each Treaty port. The work 
will be of difficult performance, but, once done, of lasting ralue. On the other 
hand, to stop malpractices and secure the return of documents, it is agreed that 
transit papers shall only be valid for a year, and must be returned within thirt.cen 
months fi oin date of issue. This will be no hardship and will not cramp merccn* 
tile operations in any way. 

X The object of this Article is ob>ious and needs no explanation. 

§ This Convention was not ratified. Sec Note, page 52. 

65 F 



Oct. 23, 1869.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 11. 

[Coiiiiiiero«, &o.] 

ConveiitioD, the Supplemeutary Regulations appended, and the 
Tariff affecting goods in respect of which duties have been hereby 
changed ; and have appended thereto their seals.* 

Done at Peking in quadruplicate this 23rd day of October, in 
the year of our Lord 1869. 

(L.S.) IIUTHERFOED ALCOCK. 

(L.S.) [Signatures of Cliinese Plenipotentiaries.] 



SUPPLEMiiNTARY RULES AND TARIFF. 

Wliereas it is expedient that Supplementary Regulations should 
1)0 drawn up for the better explanation of the Articles of this 
(Convention, the respective Plenipotentiaries do hereby agree that 
the appended Tariff and Rules — the latter being in 10 Articles 
hereinunder following — shall be equally binding on the Govern- 
ments and subjects of both countries with the Convention 
itsulf. 

In witness whereof they aflfix their seals and signatures. 
(LS.) RUTHERFORD ALCOCK. 
(L.S.) [Signatures of Chinese Plenipotentiaries.] 



Rule I. — Imports specified, of unmistakable foreign origin, to circu- 
late freeli/ in Treati/-fx>rt Provinces after simultaneous payment 
of Import Duiy and Transit Dues. 

1. The Convention permits certain specified commodities of 
foreign origin, viz., cottons, linens, woollens, woollen and cotton 
mixtures, <&c., to circulate freely in Treaty-port provinces without 
further liability to inland dues or charges on payment simultane- 
ously of import duty and transit due at the time of importation. 
When taken inland by British merchants in person, or by Chinese, 
the agents of British merchants, or by Chinese purchasers, while 
the Ihitish merchant will he re([uired, as prescribed by the Treaty 
of Tien-tsin, to travel provided with the usual passport, the 
commodities aforesaid need not be accompanied by any tmnsit 
certificate, and may be sold freely and at pleasure along the road, 
without being in any place called upon to pay further dues, duties, 
or inland charges. The various Customs stations passed by such 
commodities will, however, make such examination as is usual, in 
onler to provide against fraudulent ^substitutions and the transport 
of prohibited articles. 

Note by Mr. Habt. 

* Here a real diflSculty presents itself. When are the stipulations the rerision 
provide* for to take eflect ? If on ratification bj England other States maj not 
accept all, but only some of tlieni, or rather may accept all that China concedes, 
but refuse to as«ent to all that England con6<*nts to, it would not do to be 
dealing with merchants according to two rules, and therefore some method of pro- 
curing acceptance by all must be here devised. 

66 



Ho. 11.] GREAT BRITAIN AXD CHINA. [Oct. 28. IROO. 

[Oo«TnTO», 4^.] 

Other forfign Imparti or Trrat t/-porl Provinces to be ficcompanied by 

Tnifutit CerliJu-airH. 

2. With the exoi*|>ti«)ii of those dasses of coiniiuxlities which 
are to |»ay iiii|N»rt duty and transit due siniuh^iiKMiusly, all other 
merchandise c^irried inland will continue to Ik) exempt fnun all 
dues, duties, antl charges en route, provided, having jNiid full 
iui|K>rt duty on importation and the tariff tninsit due when 
leaving the |)ort to enter the interior, it is found to be accompanied 
hy the onlinary proof of payment of the transit due, namely, a 
transit certificate. 

Or to pny all Inland c/uirges. 

Such goods will be liable to all dues, duties and charges, 
wherever found inland, if unacconipanied by transit certiii- 
cates. Roth British and Chinese nierchanta will be treiUed iu 
acconlance with the provisions herein set forth. 

Whrn both rlasites of Imports travel inland in Treaty-port Prorinefs 
in eomftany, the fivrmer may be without Certifieate.% the latter to 
be cert iji4*a fed ; or to fxiy all inlaml charges ; ami if unccrtificat*'d 
and not rejwrted to be liable to conjuication, 

3. When the comnuKlities siKJtified in the first clause of this 
Kule an* canietl inland in Treaty-port provinces, by either IhitiHh 
or <'hiiiese merchants, and when such comuKxlities are accom- 
panied by oiher foreign merchandise of the class ])rovidtHl for in 
the second clause of this Uule, the latter merchandise will be 
liable to all inland dues, tlut^es. and charges, if not pn)vided with 
tninsit certificiites. Faidui-e to R»}H)rt the presence of any such 
uncertificated merchandise, when passing Custi)ms stations, or any 
attempt to tlefniud the revenue by carrying native prcnluce in that 
guise, will subject all the goods of the same description to seizure 
and confiscation. 

Foreign Imports of the First Cla.^ to Ite cert ijiea ted irhen carried to 

non- Treaty- port I *ro rinees. 

4. When commodities of the kinds si>ecified in the first clause 
of this Kule, an<l wliich simultaneously jwiid im|K)rt duty and 
transit line, are to Ik* eon veved bv either liritish or Chinese mer- 
chants to non-Treiity-jH>rt provinces, tninsit certificates should 1k3 
pnK-ured fnuu the Customs at the jnirt starteil !'n»m. on the face 
of which will Ih? distinctly set forth the name of the jdace for 
which the saiti comnnKlities an* destinetl. On their way fmm the 
port to the place tlius set forth in the certificate. su<h certificated 
liimnKHlities will be exempt fn>m all liability to iidand chai-gi^s, 
duea, or duties. 

67 F 2 



Oct. 2.%lHe9.; GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Ho. IL 

[CoBim«roe, 4tc,] 

Tnuufit Crr(ijicat*s in Tnntft-jH»rt, and aU» in non-Tifat}f-jx>}i, 
J^rnrinrrs Ofisr to /w /( prutictinn on thf arrival of the Gooiis at 
the diAiinntitni sp*, ijini in thf Certljirtiti', 

Hut ill th<' ewiit of its Umii}» (li-u»oven*d l»y any ('ufltoms 
station that may make examination that the nierehamliHe eon- 
taine<l in tlie i»ttrka;;es in ililliTent from the connncHiities set forth 
in the «ertitirule, or that the leititieate is for a ieM quantity than 
it is a(Noin|miiitnl hy. the junnh roncenie<i will \ie conhscate<i. On 
Uie arrival of smh \iuly certifinitfHl nunuHKiities at the i»lao€ set 
forth in the cerlili«Mlf. th»* rfrtiti»ale will InHiime invalid, and the 
ri»iiinio<htifS, haxiii;^' airi\i«l at their plare of th**tination. will be 
liahlf til whatever inland < halves, dues, t»r duties the hn^ality they 
air found in rolh ri>i, and will thenceforth be treated like native 
j»r«Hluee in the l«H:ulilies lonriTned. 

Ijnle II. — Xafirf Vrolucf to jytty all iula/iil chartjiS en route to a 

}H)rt. 

1 r»iitish inen*hant5J, whither «:oin;» in ]K*rson or sending 
('liiiifsi' a^Miil> into the iiittiii»r lor ll e jiurehnsiMil native |»nMiiue, 
sl.oidd tii^t olitaiii from the rusioniN a itlaiik memorandum. The 
nati\«- pnwhiri* jmii« ha>ed will W liable to all inland ehurp'S, tines, 
aid lit If.** oil the way l«» liu- |or». jii>i lik«?any otiar Chinese ^'mkU 
in Cliiiifse hamh. 

Jitrt'ijtt.t t*t W */ir*n for all jtayuifntH, 

On the (»t]i«r hand, tarh <'u.»itoms station or Iwirrier will I* 
re^juind lo eertifv to ihf n ««*ij»t of the amount of dues, duties, or 
char,^i*s there rt.lltMi#d. by iiMkiie^'aii otiirial and duly ^eHled entry 
on lb»* fare of tin- blank ni«-inoi:iiiduiii. Anv sale in transitu of 
tilt* native pnxjur** to w fii* h the bhmk nifmoniiida refer, will lie 
|»iiiii-hal'le in aeeordan<*e with the rf^'ulalioiis. 

(hi r-j>»iinnruti t** l>f r»'ti'ru*tl. auf \\t'rt f>*n//n^tif$ to hf mailf i//>, if 

S»'nt f"i'*\>in f'ttltin \'l numth.%. 

*J Oil th«' arrival ••f «»n. h n.ili\«* j»HMJurr mi the hi^l lmiri«r, the 
nitr- iiiiiii i«4 to rejN.rt hi-* ;»iri\al to ihf ( Mmmissiiaier of ( 'ii.stonis, 
Hi:d th«* •^•xmI.s an* to jiw:ut examination. The nienioniiiduni 
bb»ii',lit ba« k fp»ni tla* iiit«r:«»r i- at tie* •*;une time to U* d*']»<iHit<*<i 
wnh the t'u*tom'*. Should such iialivi* |»r«»<lure U* e.\i««»rt«*d to 
a br»*!i:ii ]««'rt (H'^iil; Koii;^» i-\tij.trdi within TJ monthn from the 
ilat*- «»t arrival, tin* «*xiN»rt»-r will at tin* tini** of f\i«irta!iMii. |my the 
iiHiial ♦•\|'«»rl duty; aihl — a** n*;:aid*i inland rlnr^e-*-- whih* on the 
iHH* I and the exj»<»rt4*r will U* tailed on to make up the amount by 
which the sam* i*nl«*if«l on the iM*monindum fall A\**\X of a Treaty 
trunMl-<luf half t\j«.rt di.i\ ). «»ii th4*«thertbe < 'u«itoms will rrfund 
to the e\|'4»rter the amount bv wlnrh hikIi 6um.<» exceed Uie Treaty 

6« 



Mo. IL] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Oct. 28, 1869. 

[Oommero^, Ac.] 

tran.<)it-<lue. Sliould the province Ik? shipped for convcyaiue to a 
Treaty ix>rt, no make-up will be calLd fur and no refund allowed. 

Kule III. — Draichacks receivtil In j^fi/mrtit of uther Dutirs. 

Forei;(n gr»o<ls re-exporttnl to a forci^'u (Miuntry within .*'6 
months from the date of arrival, if found to he in their original 
•packaiges, with marks and numlnMs un( hange*!, will he entitled to 
receive the refund of the sum paid as import duty hy a drawl »ack, 
which shall K* a valid tender for {Miyment of other duties (i4»nna;^e 
dues excepteil). Go<.)ds re-exi)orted after the expiration '.'f the said 
36 months shall not Ik? entitled to receive such drawliaek. 

Convert ihle into Cash, i.e., Silvrr. 

If re-exi>oited within three months from the date of anival, a 
drawlmck certificate will l»e is.i'ied at the Custom-House, whitli, im 
presentaticui at the Cu.stoms Jijink. will he converU»d into cash. 
Uuods re-exported after the expimtion of the said term of thriMi 
wuntlis will not be entitled to receive such convertible tlraw- 
bttcks. 

As regards native proiluce, drawbacks for coast-tra<le duty will 
continue ti> l)e issued when the produce is reshipjXHl within \2 
months from the date of arrival. If reshipjKjd after the expim- 
tion of that term, native produce will not be entitled to any draw- 
back of aMist-traile duty. 

Kule IV. — Inland Certijicatrn returnable v^ithin 13 months. 

British merchants will be allowed one month's grace for the 
retnni of such d«K;uments as they m.iy have taken out when going 
inland (pass|M)rts, tmnsit passes, ski:.). All such documents be((»mc 
invalid cm the expimtion of 12 months from the date of issue; 
and, if not n*turned within K> months frnm that date, the 
applications of the parties concerned for otlu-r documenU will not 
be attendeil to. 

Ihde V. — liondnl Iran ho it. ^is. 

At such of t!ie Treaty ports as may l>e expedirnt, Uuided 
warehousi»s will l>e establish<'d, and regulations Wtv their working 
will be drawn up by the Inspect4>r-(len(*ral of Customs ami thtt 
Sujierintendent of the jMirt conci*rned. Where sutfieieut reasons 
for the non-i»stabli.shment of such Ininde*! warehouses exist, they 
will not he inthMlueed. 

Kule VI. — Stetun-tttij on I**ajiui(j Lake, 

The Su|M*rintendent of Customs at Kiu-kiaug will ]»rovide a 
8t4'aiu-tMg for thf* us«» of British merchants on the poyang Like 
and U»tween Hankow and Kiu-kiaug. The tug in tpusiiou will 
be for the t4>wing of l*ritijrlM>wne«l ve.ssels of the Chiuesi* type, 
and a tariff of lees will Im» i»ublishe<i, in acconlance with which 

o'» 



Oct. 23, 18G0.] GREAT BRITAIN' AM) CHINA. [Mo. U. 

[Comiiierc*, Jkc.j 

mt'n'liants wIkkh** ImkiIs uiiiy Ik; Utvfed will pay tlie Kiii-kiiing 
(*iist«>iiis lor tluit HtTvico. 

liule VI I. — British MirchnntA mny i/.v their omi Vtsacls of Chimsc 

ti/j^^ (iiiii may n nt liMlifiwjiif d'r. 

Hritish iiu*rchaiitA who uiiiy go inland duly firDviiled with 
paHs|N»rt8 to Hi»ll fon»igii ^mhIs, purclrwkj native prcniuce ur cany 
native |>nMluce into the interior tor sale are iM?nnitted to U8() their 
own vi*Hs«»Is, if of the Clnnesi* ty}K? and pro|»elled hy sail or oar, 
and, when in the int<*ri«ir, are ix.»nnittetl to rent for »h<*rt peritxhi 
either !n)t4ds or privati* hou**t».s wlitTe tliey may store their ^<hmN, 
hut on whii h thev are not to exIiiMt th«'ir hon<^ luunc or the Htvlu 
ol tliiMr tinu.* Native pnnhu-e pureluised in tlie interior antl 
ent4Tfd on the ineniorauthini for ct»nv«»yanoe to a |M>rt, must n(»t Uj 
wd<l in thi* interior. In th4» ciwe of the inius or private liou.ses 
thus rente<l from tlie Chinesi*. the liritish merchant is not f4i 
inlt»rfen* to pn»t*H*t tlie landhtrd fn>m th«Mm*iden«'e of the taxes and 
chiirj.»es f«»r whieh his house or pn»jn.Tiy is assesHiilile. The (Miinese 
of tilt* hM-alitv mu.st not aiinov or maltn^at tlie Hritish men*hant, 
and pnK'lumalions M»tlinu' f«»ilh all that pi«»i*i»<h*s liavt» liet-n pif- 
juuvd and will In* wiit to tin* < tov«'niors-( lenenil and (tuvernoiN 41I 
the rn»vinreH tor puldieation ever^'where. 

As nvapls vessels of the ('hyi»*»**» ty|w owuimI hy Rritif«1i 
nien'hants and \i»*i\ hy them to ;:o to non-Treaty |portM (»r phu'f.H 
in tlie interior, each sueh vt\ss<d must lie ie;4isten*d at the (*uftt<»in- 
llouse, when? the i*ominis>i«»n»T of (*uHtoms will issue a (XTtiti- 
cale of n^jzistnititMi and the llij: t4> In? saihni under, the rertiticate 
to U» count4'rs4'aletl hy the SuiK*rinten«Ient.t Such veKsels naist 
exhihit the \\ii^ reeeivinl frum the Customs, and comply with the 
B|»iN'ial rules and rt^^dation^^dniwu up for th«*ir nmna^'ment. Any 
vi\s.»kd unpn»videti with a rrrlilirate of reuibttatioii delet-ttil in the 
fniuduli-nt us<* of a tluj n*S4*mhlin;: the Customs tlaj:. or tlyinjj the 
hnu-ie thi^' of any fon*i;;n mercantile tirni. or havin;; a ceiti Urate 
and t1\inj^ t!»*' fla^ of any foieij^n country, will be aulject, with her 
Ciir^o, to contisi'ution. 

Kule VIII.— 7Vfr>v 't»i/ Min^s to f^r \ntrhtl rxfirrihirtttalft/ — A7)i- 
i/i'ii'/. tltU'Lidtt// ; and Lo-jnmj ami Kilu nj, mar tht Voyang 

The Im{K*rial CommiK>ioni-r 8!ijH'rint«'ndinf: forvi;;n affairs in 
the S«»uth \*iil inouirt* inl«> the rendition <»f Kin-vun''. I>>-i»in'». 
and Kt luiiu'. and will «lei»ule nfru>'i> to \%<.rk the nnniH at tln»M» 
pl.n t"i ;is an f\j»4*!im«iit. Tin* «pn*>tion <»f ttie empl«»vnient of 

Norrn »T Mft Hakt. 

• \ B. - I i*"n»iil*T t^ !• rulr I.. rtiiitAjn a iu**i %%\ix%h\e rrtf»rr«-i.in. an*! t)»at it 
m\]\. if •rtrtl u|>»«»i jiflt. (•.•i»l« Mill giiirtii. •rrttrp »»» nwrt'liantt all the tH*urfit« 
thfi Ifi'k for •• l\*' \ t«* mtrru** frt>tti if.latMl rr*tilrnt-«*. 

♦ > IJ - I «'fi«.'l«T tli%! t*.'« rul«*, if a4-t4^l (in jij.*.a<.ii»Iir unA <|uirth. will •»iM»n 
m I till- •■•■••I •!. 1 1I. tfi«- 'i»rT« ti- t\\f ♦•rjtrr|in«r of' thr llnti»li ti.i-r h^',» Wlirfi 
i'lnrm |»»it« a m -Ifnif «•»■- ••i*»«i»f» »»n |«j;^'r. il rntirrltr Olr|mHi« on the furrt^tter to 
umf a III tuc • a «»% •• t«> ^H lb«- tti««l «-ia ^'f U 

Tu 



Mo. IL] GREAT BRITATN AND CHINA. [Oet. 2S, 1869. 

[OommerM, Ac] 

foreijjners to assist in mining and of iisinj:: foroij^ii niaeliin(»ry will 
\>e left to l)e ;^iven effect to by the Imperial ('ommission<T. The 
cohIs produced will be for side to British and (Chinese merchants 
without distinction. 

Rule IX. — Household and Shipn' Sforea. I^nijied List of DiUy-free 

ArticUs to hf pHhliahaL 

Tlio Kules appended to tlie Tariff attached to the Treaty of 
Tien-tsin enumerated the articles that are to l)e admitted fnH» of 
duty for household use and as shij)s' stores. A revised list is to be 
drawn up by the lnsi>ector-(lenend of Customs, and will lie hereto 
appendeii, of the articles that are thus to Ih3 admitted free for the 
use of British subjects. Should such articles Ik3 cariied inland 
they will lie dntialde, in accordance with the rule and practice 
that formerly obtained. 

Rule X. — Dock Stores to he admitted free of Duty. List of Articles 

to he. hereto api>€iuhd. 

Docks owned by British merchants will l>e p<»rmitted to im|H>rt 
snch articles jis they require ft»r the rejmirs of ships free of <lnty. 
But on newlv-built vt^ssels there will l>e levied a duty of r> iK^r 
cent ad valin'em. lk»fore being entitled to the i>rivilej:e of 
imi^orting their stores duty free, such docks must be registere<l Jit 
the Customs, and the owners must enter into such l>onds as the 
Customs in question may consider necessary for the jirotection of 
the revenue. A list of the article;* to l)e importe<l duty-free will 
be prepared by the Inspector-lieneml of Customs, and appended 
bereta 

Tariff. 

Imports. 

T. M. C. C. 

WalchM, emaill^ ^ periM Per pair 4 5 O o 

gold „ 1 U 

•ilter „ 6 

Pepper, whiU Per 100 catties 4 

black „ 2 

rmplatee „ 2 

Ormin, foreign 1 Free, whether imported or exported, hut to take 
Coal „ > out permits in acc*ordBnco i»ith the Custonia 

Oiiano „ J regulations. 
Timber. Reduction to be made after full inquirj at Shan^rhae. 

Opium Per lOOrnteica 50 

And to be dealt with in aoconlance with the »]Hvial rulvn re- 
specting that drug. 

ExpfffiM. 

8tlk, r» wand thrown Per 100 catties 20 

,. Yi'llow. fn»m S«e-rhuan .. .. •• „ 10 O O O 

CoaJ, native (lit the MHit hem ports) .... „ o .> 

„ (at the north* rn i)«>rts) .. .. „ 4 

(I.S.) IM'THKUFORI) AU^OCK. 

(LS.j [Si^MuiturfS t»f Cliinese i1eni|H>teiitiari<fS.] 

71 



Sept 18, 1L870.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 12, 

Chcfoo. [Tftnnan Case. Offloial Intercourse. Trade.] 



(No. 12.) AGREEMENT between the Governments of Great 
Britain and China for the Settlem^cnt of the Yunnan Case, 
Official IntercmirsCy and Trad^ between the two Countrus, 
Signed in the English and CJdnese Languages, at Chefoo, l'6th 
Septerriber, 1876. 

With an Additional Article thereto for Regidating tlie Traffic in 
Opium, Sigiied in Londoii, 18th July, 1885. (No. 14, 
Page 82.) 



[Ratifications exchanged at London, 6th May, 1886.] 



Agreement negotiated between Sir Thomas Wade, K.C.B., Her 
Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary at the Court of China, and Li, Minister 
Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of China, Senior 
(jrand Secretary, Governor-General of the Province of 
Chih-li, of the First Class of the Third Order of Nobility. 

The negotiation between the Ministers above named has its 
origin in a despatch received by Sir Thomas Wade, in the spring 
of the present year, from the Earl of Derby, l*rincipal Secretary of 
State for Foreign AflFairs, dated the 1st January, 1876. This con- 
tained instructions regarding the disposal of three questions : first, 
a satisfactory settlement of the Ylinuan affair ; secondly, a faithful 
fulfilment of engagements of last year respecting intercourse 
between the high officers of the two Governments ; thirdly, the 
adoption of a uniform system in satisfaction of the understanding 
arrived at in the mouth of September, 1875 (8th moun of the 1st 
year of the reign Kwang Sii), on the subject of rectification of 
conditions of trade. It is to this despatch that Sir Thomas Wade 
has reierred himself in discussions on these questions witii the 
Tsung-li Yamen, further reference to which is here omitted as 
superfiuous. The conditions now agreed to between Sir Thomas 
Wade and the Grand Secretary are as follows; — 

Section I. — Settlement of the Yunnan Case* 

1. A Memorial is to be presented to the Throne, whether by 
the Tsung-li Yamen or by the Grand Secretary Li, is immaterial, 
in the sense of the Memorandum prepared by Sir Thomas Wade. 
Before i)resentation the Chinese text of the Memorial is to be 
.slunvn to Sir Thomas Wade. 

2. The Memorial having been presented to the Throne, and 

• For correspondence between Great Britain and China upon the Yunnan Case, 
&c., 1875-1877. See &taU> Papers, Vol. 71, page 933. 

72 



Ho. 12.] GREAT BRITAIN' AND CHINA. [8^. 18. 1»7«. 

[Tonnaii Oa««.J Chefoo. 

the Im|>erial Ilecree in reply received, the T8Uii;^-li Yauien will 
cominuuicatc copi(*8 of the Memorial and Iriiperial hecree to Sir 
Thomas \Va<lt». toj^'talier witli a copy of a letter from the Tsung-li 
Yamrii to the Pn»vintial (Inv4Tiiim*nt8, instrurtinj^ tliem to issue a 
)Vochiuiuti4»ii tliat shall einixMy at k'lij^th the aJKive Memorial and 
1 decree. Sir Thomas Wade will ilicreupon n*ply to the elfect that 
for two years to eomo ottic-ers will he sent, hy the British Minister, 
to different places in the provinces, to see that the Proclamation is 
jM>8ted. On the application fnnn the Hritisli Minister, or the 
Consul of any jMjrt instructed hy him to make aj^plieation, the 
high officers of the jirovinces will depute coiupetent officers to 
accomi>any those so sent to the place.'* which they go to observe. 

Frontier Trade bet tree n Burmah and Yunmin. 

3. In order to the frandn^ of such retaliations aswilllie nee<led 
for the conduct of the frontier trade between Ihinnah an<l Yunnan, 
the Memorial, submitting the pn>|M)8ed settlement of the Yiinnan 
aH'air, will contain a request that an Imperial Decree be issuetj, 
diri^cting thetJovi'mor-tJeneral and (J<»vernor, whenever the British 
Government shall sentl otlieers to Yunnan, to select a com|»i^tent 
officer of nink to confer with them, and to conclude a satisfactory 
arrangement. 

Statiatibifji of IJrituJi Offieers at Tidi Fu. Trade. 

4. The British (fovernment will Ih» fn»e for five years, from the 
1st January next, l>eing the 17th day of the 11th moon of the 2nd 
year of the reign of Kwang Su, to station oflieers at Tali Fu, or at 
some other suitable jdace in Yiinnan, to observe the conditions of 
trade; to the end that they may have infonnation ujwm which to 
Uise the lh*gulations of trade wiieu tlu.'se have to l»e dis<*usseil. 
yor the consideration and adjustment of any matter affecting 
British officers or subjects, these officers will ha free to address 
then)selves to the authorities of the ])R>vince. The opening of the 
trade may Ik* i»ro|)osed by the Britisli Government, as it may find 
l>est, at any time within the tenn of five years, or upon expiry of 
the term of five years, 

Pasitpoi'ts. 3/*jwiV»7i /;>/?/! India into Vnnnan. 

PiiAsiNirts having Wen obtaine<l last year fn^m a Mission from 
India into Yunnan, it is op^n to the Viceroy of India to send such 
Mission at any time he may see fit. 

Amount of Indent nit i/ to he jnid hy Chinese Goremment, 

r». The am(»unt of indemnity to lie paid r»n arcount of the 
families of the of!ic<»rs and others killed in Yunnan; rm account 
of the expenses which the Yiinnan ciise has occasioned ; and on 
atx'ount of claims of l^ritish menhants arising out of the action of 






k 



Sept. 18, 1876.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 12. 

Chefoo. [Taxman Oase. OAoial Interooarae.] 

officers of the Chinese Government up to the commencement of 
tlie present year, Sir Thoaiiis Wade takes upon himself to fix at 
200,000 taels, payable on demand. 

Regret to he eji:pressed by China at YUniian Occurrence. 

6. When the case is closed an Imperial letter will be written, 
expressing regret for what has occurred in Yunnan. The Mission 
bearing the Imi)erial letter will proceed to England immediately. 
Sir Thomas Wade is to be informed of the constitution of this 
Mission, for the inforinatioii of lii.s Government. The text of the 
Imperial letter is also to be communicated to Sir Thomas Wade by 
the Tsuug-li Yauien. 



Section II. — Ojfficial Intercourse between High Officers in tlu Capital 
and the Provinces and betiveen Consular Officers and Chinese 
Officials at the Forts;* Judicial Proctalings in Mixed Cases. 

Under this heading are included the conditions of intercourse 
between high officers in the capital and the provinces, and between 
Cimsular officers and Chinese officials at the ports ; also the con- 
duct of judicial proceedings in mixed cases. 

1. In the Tsung-li Yamen's Memorial of the 28th Seplen»ber, 
1875, the Prince of Kung and the Ministers stated that their 
object in presenting it had not been simply the transaction of 
business in which Chinese and foreigners might be concern eii ; 
Missions abroad and the question of diplomatic intercourse lay 
equally within their prayer. 

Code of Etiquette to be drawn up. 

To the prevention of further misunderstanding upon the sub- 
ject of intercourse and conespondence, the present conditions of 
both having caused comi)laint in the capital and in the provinces, 
it is agreed that the Tsung-li Y'amen shall address a Circular to 
the Legations, inviting foreign Rejiresentatives to consider with 
them a code of etiquette, to the end tliat foreign officials in China, 
whether at the ports or elsewhere, may be tieuted with the same 
regard as is sh^wu them when serving abroad in other countries, 
and as would be shown to Cliinese Agents so serving abroad. (See 
No. 13.) 

The fact that China is about to establish Missions and Con- 
sulates abroad renders an understanding on these points essential. 

Jurisdiction, Trial, and Punii^hmfnt of Chinese for Criminal 

Acts ayaind Jiritish Subjects. 

2. Tlie British Treaty of 1858 (No. 6), Article XVI, lays down 
that " Chinese subjects who may be guilty of any criminal act 

• See MemorEndum, lOt'i Docciubcr, 1880 (No. 13). 

74 



■>■ 



Mo. 12.] GRLSAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Sept. 13, 1876. 

[Offloial Interoourse.] Chefoo. 

towards British subjects shall be arrested and punished by Chinese 
authorities according to the laws of China." 

JVioZ and PutmhnieiU of British Subjects for Criminal Acts 

aga in'it Ch i nese. 

** British subjects who may commit any crime in China shall be 
tried and punished by the Consul, or any other public functionaiy 
authorized thereto, accoriling to tlie laws of Great Britain. 

" Justice shall be equitably and impartially administered on 
both sides." 

The words "functionary authorized thereto*' are translated 
in the Chinese text, " British Government." 

British Supreme Coitrt at Shamjhae, 

In order to the fulfilment of its Treaty obligations, the British 
Government has established a Supreme Court at Shanghae, with a 
special code of rules, which it is now about to revise.* 

Chinese Mixed Court at Slmiujhae, 

The Chinese Government has established at Shanghae a Mixed 
Court, but the officer presiding over it, either from lack of power 
or dread of unpopularity, constantly fails to enforce his judg- 
ments. 

Administration of Juitice at Trcnti/ Ports. 

It is now understood that the Tsung-li Yamen will write a 
Circular to the Legations, inviting foreign liepresentatives at once 
to consider with the Tsung-li Yamen the measures needed for the 
more effective administration of justice at the ports open to trade. 

Commission of Crimes affecting British Sicbjects, 

3. It is agreed that, whenever a crime is committed affecting 
the person or property of a British subject, whether in the interior 
or at open ports, the British Minister shall be free to send officers 
to the spot to be present at the investigation. 

To the prevention of misunderstanding on this point. Sir Thomas 
Wade will write a note to the above effect, to which the Tsung-li 
YamSn will reply, affirming that this is the course of proceeding to 
be adhered to for the time to come. 

Judicial Proceedings in Mixed Cases. 

It is further understood that, so long as the laws of the two 
countries differ from each other, there can be but one principle to 
guide judicial proceedings in mixed cases in China, namely, that 
the case is tried by the official of the defendant's nationality, the 

* See Part III (No. 20), page 424, and (No. 81;, page 610. 

• 75 




Jfept. 13, 1876.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Ho. IS. 

Chiyfoo. [Trade.] 

official of the plaintiffs nationality merely attending to watch the 
proceedings in the inteivsis uf justice. If the officer so attending 
be dissatisfied with the proceedings, it will be in his power to 
I)rotest against them in detiiil. The law administered will be the 
law of the nationality of the officer trying the case. This is the 
me^ining of the words " liui t'ung," indicating combined action iu 
judicial proceedings in Article XVI of the Treaty of Tien-tsiu 
(No. 6), and this is the course to be respectively followed by the 
officers of either nationality. 

Section III. — Trdde, Area wUhin whkh Li-kin ought not to be 

Collected. Fore it/ II Concensio/i8, 

1.* With reference to the area within whitii, accoixling to the 
Treaties iu force, li-Hn ought not to be collected on foreign goods at 
the open i»orts, Sir Thomjis Wiule agrees to move his Government 
to allow the ground rented by foreigners (the so-called Conces- 
sions) at the (Liiferent ports to be regarded as the area of exemptiou 
from li'kin ; 

I-^i^ang, Wii-hn, Wen-Chov?, and Pak-hoi to he Opened to Trade, 

And the Government of China will thereupon allow I-ch*ang 
in the Province of Hu-Pei, Wu-liu in An-Hui, Wen-Chow iu 
Che-Kiang, and Pei-hai (Pak-hoi) in Kwang-tung, to be added to 
the number of ports open to trade, and to become Consular 
stations. 

Residence of British Offuiers at ChJung K\ng to vxttch British " 

Trade, 

The British Government will, farther, be free to send officers 
to reside at Chung K'ing, to watch the conditions of British trade 
in Ssu-Ch'uen. British merchants will not be allowed to reside at 
Ch'ung K'ing, or to open establishments or warehouses there, so 
long as no steamers have acc»»3S to the port. When steamera have 
succeeded in ascending the river so far, further arrangements can 
be taken into consideration. (See No. 18.) 

Tattling, Ngan-Chiny, Hu'K'ou, IFu-sueh, Lu-chi-k'ou, andSha-shih 

nut Open to 7Vade, 

It is farther proposed as a measure of compromise that at 
certain points on the shore of ihe (licat liiver, namely, Ta-t'ung, 
and Ngan-Ching, in the Province of An-llui; IIu-K'ou, iu Kiang- 
Si ; Wu-sueh, Lu-chi-k'ou, and Sha-shih, in Hu-Kuang; these 
}>i*i.ig all places of trade in the interior, at which, as they are not 
opiiu ports, foreign merchants are not legally authorized to land or 
ship goods (see also § III (G) ) ; 

• Sco Additional Article, 18th Julj, 18S5 'No. 14). 

lb 



No. 12.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Sept. 18. 1876. 

[Y<lniiAa Omam. Official Int«rooara«. Tnuto.] Chefoo. 

Ports of Call, Xative Boats. 

Steamers shall be allowed to touch fur the purpose of landing or 
shipping fiiusen^;* I's nr ^mxhIs, but in all instances by means of 
native boats only, and subject to the regulations in force ailecting 
native trade. 

Col I *r turn of Li -kin Dtftt/. 

Produce accomiwuiied by a half-duty certificate may be shipped 
at sucli p<iint8 bv the steamers, but may not be landed by thfia 
for sale. And at all such points, except in the case of ini)K»its 
acrt)m|)4inied by a transit (buy certificate, or expurts siniihirly 
certificated, uhicli will l>e si'vcnilly jKissed free ot li-kin on exhi- 
bition of suci) certific^ites, li-kin will be duly collected on all gooils 
whatever by the native authoritiee. 

Xon-rcsidence of Foreign Merchants at Ports of Call. 

Foreign merchants will not be authorized to reside or open 
hou8<»s of business or warehouses at the places enumerated as i>orta 
of call. 

Foreign Settlement Areas. 

2 • At all ports op<»ned to trade, whether by earlier or later 
agnHMnent, at which no st»ttlement area lias Wen previously 
definetl, it will W. the duty of the liritish Consul, acting in concert 
with his colleagues, the ('onsuls of other Towers, to come to an 
umli'rstanding with the local authorities regarding the definition 
of the foreign settlement areas. 

Imjyortation of Opium. Li-kin Duty. 

,T* On Opium. Sir Thomas Watle will move his Ooveniment to 
sanction an arrangement dirt'erent from that affecting other imports 
(PiM» No. 7). British merchant?, when Opium is brought into })ort, 
will lie oblige*! to have it taken cognizance of by the Customs, and 
dejKisited in bond, either in a wanlmusc or a receiving hulk, until 
such time as there is a sale for it. The importer will then pay the 
Tariff duty ujM)n it, and the purchasci-s the li-kin, in order to 
the prevtMitiim of the evasion of the duty. The amount of li-kin 
to U? collected will l)e decideil bv the different Provincial Govern- 
nieuts, according to the circumstances of each. 

Transit Duty Certificates. Ej-emptions. 

4. The Chinese Government agrees that transit duty certifi- 
cates shall Ik? framed under one rule at all ports, no diflerence 
being niatie in the conditions set forth therein ; and that, so far as 
imparls are concerned, the nationality of the j>erson iM)ssessing and 

• 6m AdditioD^l AKicle. 18th Jolj, 1885 (No. 14). 



Sepi 13. lH7r.] ORKAT BRITAIN AND CTIIXA. [Ho. 12. 

rbc»fiiu. [YoAiuui Cmmm, OAoial Xntwcoars*. Trmtf*.] 

carryiii;; these is iminnterial. Native pnMlucc carritMl fnuii an 
inlainl reiitn* tn a |M»rt of shi]»ineiit, if Umd ji'U iiiten<le<I for ship- 
iiient to a fort'iirn iN»rl, iiiav U», bv Tieatv, eertifieatetl l»v the 
Hrilish sul»j«rt iiitm-sted, ami exeiiipttMl hy |iayiiieiit of the half- 
iluty fnmi all rliar^fs «}('iiian<i(Ml ii|n»ii it tn mutr. If pnMliiee Uj 
not tin* |»ro|MTty of a Itritish sul»j«M't, or is W\\\)i carrie*! to a jxirt 
not for ex)>ortation. it i.s not entitle«l U> the exemption that would 
1m» »*tHMiriMl it bv the exhibition of a tninsit ilutv certiticate. The 
l^ritish Mini.ster is pn»panMl to ajjree with the Tsun^^-li Yanien 
u|^>n riih*s that will siM-ure the (*hine9c Government against abuse 
of the privilege as affecting pHnluee. 

CarriiUjt of Imjhfrts Initnd and vf Xatu^ Product jmrchtLsed 

Inland. 

The wonis •* ni*i ti/* inhunl. in the rlause of Artiele VII of the 
Kulf-4 ap|N»n«le»l t^i the TariH' No. 7). n%r«*r<ling earriage of ini]M»its 
inl.iii«l, and t>f native pnNluer puirhas«Mi inlan«l, apply as much to 
pla«*<*.s(>n lh«* M'-'i ro;i«*ts :nnl rivrr shores a.** to places in the inltTior 
n«»l o|H«n to fMri'it^n trale : the Chinesi* (Ioveriini«'nt having the 
right to make arningt'in'-nt"* for the pri'Venlion of abuser theivat, 

Dra\r^ntrl$ t,n Ihttij-ptiid Imjutrtn, 

') Article XLV of the Treaty of isriH (No. 6) pn»soril>es no 
limit to the term within which a drawUu-k may U* claim(*t| u}N»n 
iluiy-paiil imiH.rtH. The Hriti.sli Minister ai^riM-.s to a term of three 
years, after expiry «»f which no drawUick shall be claimed 

Import and IJ-kin Ihtfirs. 

(\. The f«»n*«^'oini» stipulatji»n § III 1 1 ). that r^^rtain pc»rtJ* are to 
U* o|H'nf(l t«> f«>ri'ign traiic. an«l that laii<iing ami shipping of gou«U 
at nix plart*s on the (iti-at ICivcr is to lie KiUU'tiont*«l, hliall U* given 
etfeoi to within six nioutliH after reieipt of the Ini|ierial I>ecre6 
appn»viii^ the Memi»ria! of the (tran<i N^'naar}' Li. Tlie date for 
gi>ing the etl'ei't to the ^ttipulati'ins atleeting exemption of ini)M>rtA 
from /i-A4ii taxation within the foreign s**tllementH, and the collee- 
tiou of li'lm u|>«tu Opium by the lustoms lns|ii*ct4inite at the 
same time as the raritV duty u|H»n it, will l>e fixe«l aa lioon lu the 
Kriti-h <n>\crnmfnt hasarrivrtlat an undere landing on the subject 
with other foreign iiuvernmeiil'*.* 

Intfrffrenre nf Ctuitnn CH.<t,,m^ l^»r*uHf fWuiz^n irith Junk Trade 

7. The (Si»vernor of Hong Koni; b.i\ini; long e(implaine«l of tlie 
interference i»f the Canton riu^toin.'* Kevenue crui/i*ni uilh the 

* See Add.tMm*i Artw>. I*«*.h Juij. l5!C tMo. 14j- 

78 



N0.13J GREAT BUrrAIN AND CHINA. [Dec. 10, 1880. 

[P^nonal BAlaUona and Ofioial Interoouirs^.] 

junk trade of tliat Colony, the Chinese Government agreeR to the 
appointment of a ComniiHsion, to consist of a British Consul, an 
oHicer of the Hong Kong Government, and a Chinese otlicial of 
e<iual mnk, in order to the estiiblishnnMit of some system that 
shall enable the Chinese (Jovemment to protect its revenue with- 
out prejudice to the interests of the Colony.* 

Separate Article. British Mission to TTiibet.^ 

Her Majesty's Government having it in contemplation to son<l 
a Mission of Exploration ne.xt year by way of Peking throii-rh 
Kan-Su and Koko-Nor, or by way of Ssu-Ch'ueu to Thibet, and 
thence to India, the Tsung-li YamCn having due regard to the 
rircumstances will, when the time arrives, issue tlie necessjiry 
|>a'<sjx>rts, and will address hitters to the high i»rovincial authori- 
ties and to the Resident in Thibet. If the Mission should not l>e 
sent by tliese rout^»s, but should be proceeding across the Indian 
frontier to Thibet, the Tsung-li Yamen, on receipt of a communi- 
cation to the al)0ve effect from the British Minister, will write to 
the Chinese Resident in Thibet, and the Resident, with due regard 
t4) tlie circumstances, will send officei-s to tiiko duo care of the 
Mission ; and passports for the Mission will be issued by the 
T«ung-li Yamen, that its passage l)e not obstructed. 

I)one at Chefoo, in the Province of Slian-tung, this 13th tlay of 
Septemlwr, in tlie year of our Lonl 1876. 

(LS.) THOMAS FRANCIS WADE. 

(LS.) LI HUNG-CHANG. 



(No. 18.) AGREEMEXT hfturen the British Ministfr at Peking 
and the Vameti re^pectiiuj J'trstt/iitI Ju'laticms and Official Corre^ 
MIMiidmce between J*rovineial Authorities and Consular Officers, 
lOth December, 188U. 

Protocol on Official Intercourse, 

Pelinff, 7th Xoremher, 1R79. 

The n*j>ort of the Committee ujkju official interamrs** having 

been this (lay rejid l)efore a genend meeting of the Repi*esentaiives 

of Treaty Powers assembled in Peking, it was agrei*d that the 

attention of the Chinese (rovernment should l)e invited t4) the 

• !*<«« Agm»ment, 11th September, 1S8(» (No- 16). 

t 8ce CooTeniiont, 24ili Jul/. IHSC, tnd 17th March, ISOO (H08. 15 ^nd 17). 

70 



I>*c. 10. I«80.] GREAT BRITAINT AXD CHINA. LNo. 13. 

[PwwmmU B>l«tlom and OAoial tat«reoaia«.] 

{in)po»itions thereia contained ; but v«.>r)Killy, and not in coiTe< 
sjMjudence. 

THOMAS FUAXCIS WADE. 

M. vuN lUJAXIH. 

(;Kni:«;K F. SKWARD. 

J. H. FEI{(U'S<)N. 

.1. F. KLM«UtK. 

FKUl). I»E LI'CA. 

JIOFFKI: DK HOFFENFELS. 

A. K«)YAXI»EK. 

l:AMnN' MTIKUKEZ Y OSSA. 

l'ATKN«mtK. 

r.MIJ. SKKKtYS. 



Inclosure*. 
(I.) lirpnrt of the Cominitt'C on Oficial Intfrfourim. 



(2.1 /)/•/!/■/ .V'liii.i-iiiiiiiiui to hf I't't 'it (hi- Vnm/n hu Mr. Jirrnnn. 

/Vi-j«7. 22m/ .htnuary, 1S80. 

TiiKkE an* » »'rt;iin imi»n»vi'Tiu*iiij* in tin* c<>ii«]itiMn.H of |ii*rHoiml 
ri*latinim ainl i»t* oftu-iul r«»m*s|M»n«li*iHv U-twt'eii |»r''viiiciiil 
aiitlioiilifs athi ('uii^iiLir i>t!l««'rs wliirh llic f«»rfi;:ii lJfi»n'Si'iilu- 
tivir* now ill IVkin^ vumiM wi^li it» ^u;^'j^u?lt to the Miniatfr.-* of the 
Yiiiin'ii. • 

'J'lit» !orriv:ii lit'im^-ii'iitativrs are r»f o|iini«in that, whether at a 
|K>rl or in lli«* int*'iii»r. a Tmu-iiI tr «»tliriT li;ivin;^' o< ca-^ioii to i^iH'uk 
t) tlH* <fov«'inMr-< iciMTal or < t«iV«*iiii*r of a |irovin«'i' Hh«>nM )>c 
a->^urr<i a<-ii>v-i to tin* hiirh .iiitli<*(it\. an*! t)iat \v)i«'n a<linittt'(l intii 
l.i> Y.init'-n h«* nhiailil W tn-al***! as a visiiMr. an^l not a.s the auh- 
orJinat«» of the (*liiiifs«* ntti«'i.t). 

In «tan-*»|H»n«lrni'i* U-tWf»-n rnn-^nlar r»f!iivr3 an«l jimvincial 
authorities ilie f«»n»ii:n K*'i»r»<«'iitativi*^ m«iuM nM-oni!n«»n«l the \\m 
of a furni wliirh iI'h*.-* in»t ."*u;;;;i?*t tin* fxistrmv of othcial HulH»hli- 
iiation t»r t!i«* n*viT*»» In'twi-rn thr |H*r'»«'n- ♦•iii^'sij^tMl in tli«» t*orre- 
B|HinihMHf. Th».*v are «»f fpini'tn ll:at ihr form fv/i yi siiti^tiea 
thi'si* t'onditiiin^. aiiii thtv \\oul«i U- m\v\ I«» *•■!* it UM*«i instead of 
ill** forms iiitw « ir.|ilitytii in all mrn-^jNtnih-nio |i;u»-in;4 l>ftw<-**n 
C'on-uhiF otln vrs an<l provinnal auth"!it:r-». witli«»ui ri';;anl to thoir 
rank. 

In ••ftlrial rumnuini' ati-'ii'* i:i«- ^'"ii-ul.ir ••l]i«rr i-* <»^'"ftflionally 
a-Mn-^ii-'l «»r i»ft-!r«-«i t«« a-* Z-zi /.i'/ ^/../l . it \\«'iiM, in the «i|)inion 
ot t!u* t"n-i;^'n l»«jiri'M'ni iti\i'<. U- an i!nj'r'»\frn»nt if. wht-n tlie 
t'on-^nl is .I'l'trf^-'-'l ihr w«»r»l /»•' \ \\.\^ •»Ml«*!it'il**«l. an«l uheii h«* is 
reftTP^l to th«* n.iint* of il^. ron-^ul \%.i- i«nti\»-«i 

lu written iimtruciiuntf fnun a hi^h<r t^i a lower oflkial, retl 

8U 



Mo. 13.: ORIiAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [D«. 10, IWO. 

[P«rM8iAl BftUttioiiA and Oftoial Xnterooim^.] 

circles are drawn on the dciciiment to indicate that it is in the 
nature of a command. When a foreign official is addressed these 
marks are without meaning, and should not be used. 

The abovt» \h submitted t4) the Ministers of the YamSn as a 
general stateintmt of the changes desired. The details can be more 
fully considered in conference. 



(H.) TransUUion of Mernvnnulnm on OffwUd Intercoftrse kanded to 
Sir T. WcuU by the Ministers of the Yamen, 24th September, as 
amended ISth November, 1880. 

The Yamen have answered, clause by clause, the luemoraudum 
on the subject of forms of official intercourse received by them 
some time since. 

As, however, the British Minister did not appear to be fully 
satisfied with this reply, aud repeatedly urged at personal inter- 
views such consideration of the question as would satisfactorily 
dispose of it, the Yamen have now drawn up a further set of pro- 
positions on the subject, whicii are as follows : — 

(1.). [It was proposed that] * whether at a port or in the 
interior, a consular officer having occasion to speak to the Governor- 
General or Governor of a province, should be assured access to the 
high authority, and tliat wiien admitted into his Yaiuen he should 
be treated as a visitor and not as the subordinate of the Chinese 
official** At this moment in the provinces tlie Governors-General, 
Governors, and Taotais, even though the rank [of the foreign 
officialj be not the same as tlieirs, invariably treat [the foreign 
official] in interviews with the forms due to a visitor. 

Henceforward, whenever [the foreign officials] liave business 
with them, it shall be equally incumbent on [the high authorities] 
to receive them, and whenever they are so received the forms 
observed shall be as between host and guesU 

(2.) [It was proposed that] " in correspondence between Con- 
sular Officers and Provincial Authorities, a form should be used 
which does not suggest tiie existence of official sulx>nlination or 
the reverse between the i>ersons engaged in the correspondence. 
The fonu ll^en-yi seemed to the foreign representatives to satisfy 
these conditions, aud tliey wouhl be glad U» see it used, instead of 
the forms now employ eit, in all correspondence passing between 
Consular Officers and I^visional Autliorities, without regard to 
their rank." 

There is a difference between the Treaties of dififei-ent Powers. 
In some it is stipulateti that "* Consuls and Acting Consuls shall 
rank with Intendants of C*ircuit; and that V ice-Consuls, Act- 
ing Vice-Consuls, and Interpreters shall rank with Prefects, and 
sliall communicate with these officers, either personally or in 
writing, on a footing of equidity.*' Tliis stipulation is es^iecially 
intentled Ut indicate the conditions of relative rank, and it would 

81 <} 



Hrc. 10. I8HU/ liREAT BRITAIN' AND CHINA. 'No. 18. 

London. [Paraonal B«Utloii« and Ofieial Xikt«rooiirM.] 

not be t»xpe<Hent for ofticero in tlu» position of ( Jovt* rnors-CftMieml 
and (tovernow, to urn* the fonii llVw-yi t4) Consuls aihl other 
othciTs indii»crinanHt4.*ly. As, however, the constitution is not, in 
jKiint of fart, seriously atf(iH't«»tl in this matter, some coni|»ronu»e 
should naturally U» matle. and it is now proposed that, while in 
onhnary ofticial matters Consuls shall continue to aihlress the 
Tnotni in the rhno-Jnii form, anti the latter shall. «ui U*half of the 
r«)nsul. reiH»rt {ihmtn sJtf*'n) in the ( iMVcrnor-C ieneral or riovernor, 
who will cniitinm* tt» instruct the Taotai— direct com nmnication 
lH»twei»u the hi^lM*r otlirial and the Consul l»eing thereby diniin- 
\h\hh\ — on all matters of im]M)rtance. the form of corresixMidenci* 
shall, without reference t*» the rank of the parties, lie the '* rh^n- 
/mi" or c(»mmnnication. 

i'X) It wits pro|MMed that. •' in official corn.»s|H»ndence the Con- 
sul sliould U» aildivsseil as *' X//W /*/i// x/fi7«." and when he is 
referred to. that the name «»f the ( *onsul should lie pn*fixwl.'* Also 
that "as the circles and marks drawn on instnu*ti(Uis from a 
higher otlicial to a lower imlicate that it is in the nature of a com- 
mand, they shotdd not U* nseil in adtlressin^ a forei;,ai ofKcial.** 

As there is no i'onstitutional ol»je<'tion to either of the pn>- 
{Misitions, lioth may Im* acU*<l ufMin. 

The onlcr »»f proc«*etlin^ in the aliove pro}Mi8itions is a^^e^l t«» 
by way of conippunise. the motive whereof is a •»incen? tlesire to 
cons4»lidate and impn»ve friemlly relation^i. 

(4.) Th* i'rinre «»/' Kutuj tn fffii^ tn th* JinitJ*h MxniMrr. 

lO/Zi Drrrrnhfr, 1H«0. 

On the iMsi of XovemU-r, IH7I». a X«»te was nH-eivtnl from the 
British Minister [^and hi> collea^jues the n*pres<*ntatives of the 
Treaty Pciwers"* to the «*ffect that " the underHi<;u<Ni ha«l U^en 
enpif^etl in conference u|»oii certain matt^'rs [indicatid] whicli 
mi^ht U* said to include [alm«Rst eveiy question J to which atten- 
tion M*eme«| to U» demandeil. whether for the removal nf what 
mi^ht U* (*haracterisi*<l a** a '^rievant-e. or f«»r the intriNluction of 
chanp*s tluit would mo«lify what was. in api»eHranc4'. either un- 
n*as4»nable or inex|)edient : anil the underHi<^ie«l] would shortly lie 
pn»par«*<l to lay lief«»re the Vamen the conclusions at which their 
deliUnitioim had enableil tht*iii to arrive.*' 

The Vanieii n*plietl to thin Note on the Jtith of Noveinlier, and 
sul»MN|uently held fre«|Uent i •»nHultation>* \iith the Hritish Minister. 
A memoniuduin ua> aUo drawn up. and forwanh**! to him in a 
semi-ottiiial Note. dat«*<l L'Oth No\eml»er. IHSd. 

On the •J4tli of X»»veiiiU*i a fMnn-ot!i«ial* Note w.i.'» n*ceived 
fr«»m the Kntish Mini>tei to the **M't*4-t that hf had eohimunieatiNJ 

this memorandum to hi^ (■•IlrH:^iii-<«. mIio hatl detidt^il to arrept it, 

and he now hail to ri*<pit*.'«t that it mi^dtt U? otticially rommuuicate«l 
to each of the ti»iei^'n Kepre^'Utativev The Yamt'-n lias written 

m 

* Rt tt rlenrml i^rror, the tMM iWemlirr u titr ikte fivra 

82 



No. 14.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Julj 18. 1886. 

[Oplnm Trmtf*.] London. 

to all the provincial high authorities to inform their respective 
subordinates [of the ciianges that are uow to be introduced], and 
they have further to communicate otficially to the British Minister 
a copy of tlie memorandum in question. 



(No, 14.) ADDITIONAL ARTICLE to the Agrtaiuni between 
Great Britain and C%i7ia »iff}ud at Chefoo on the VMh Sep- 
temher, 1876. Si^ied at Lcndim, \%th Jidy, 1885.* 

Area within which li-kin mujht to be Collected on Foreig^i Ooods. 

The (foveniiuents of Great Britain and of China, considering 
that the arrangements proposed in Clauses 1 and 2 of Section III 
of the Agreement between Qreat Britain and China, signed at 
Chefoo on the 13th September, 1876 (hereinafter referred to as the 
•* Chefoo Agreement ") (No. 12) t, iu relation to the area within 
which h'kin ought not to be collected on foreign goods at the open 
ports, and to the definition of tiie foreign Settlement area, require 
further consideration ; 

Traffic in Opium. 

Also that the terms of Clause 3 of the same section are not suffi- 
ciently explicit to serve as an efficient regulation for the traffic in 
Opium, and recognizing the desirability of placing restrictions on 
the consumption of Opium, have agreed to the present Additional 
Article. 

1. As regards the arrangements al)ove i-ef erred to and proposed 
in Clauses 1 and 2 of Section III of the Chefoo Agreement 
(No. 12), it is agreed that they shall be reserved for further con- 
sideration between the two Governments. 

Treatment of Foreign Opium an its Importaiion into China. 

Import a^id Li-kin Duties. 

2. In lieu of the arrangement resjiecting Opium proposed in 
Clause 3 of Section Til of the Chefoo Agreement (No. 12), it is 
agreed that foreign Opium, when imported into (Jhina, shall be 
taken cognizance of by the Imperial Maritime Customs, and shall 
be deposited in bond, either in warehouses or receiving-hulks 
which have been approved of by the ^'ustoms, and that it shall 
not be removed thence until there s\ml\ liave been paid to the 
ru8toni8 the Tariff duty t»f 30 taels per chest of 100 catties, and 
also a sum not exceeding 80 taels per like chest as li-kin. 

Repacking in Bond. 

3. It is agreed tliat tiie aforesaid import and li-kin duties 

* Her »l«o Agrt«iiient rMpecting Opium Trmde At Hoiis Kong, 11th September, 
1806 (Mo. 16)- ifor ReporU of the CommiUee of the Hoiam of C'ommooa and 
Minutee of Erideiice on the Opium Trade, 1894—1895, tee Pnr. Papert [C 7818] 
[C 7897) [C 7419] [C 7471] [C 7478] [C HJS] and [C 7751]. 

t Pa«e7S. 

83 O 8 



JuW 1«. 1885] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. TNo, 14. 

London. TOpinm Trmtf«.J 

7 of Section III of the Chefoo Agreement (No. 12) to inquire in 
the <|ue8tion of the prevention of smufo^Iing into China from Honf; 
Kong shall !« appomted as soon as possible. 

Chffott Agrtement ant! this Addiiimia! Article to hr Ratified 

toffether, 

10. The diefoo Agreement, together with, and as modified by. 
the present Additioiml Article, shall lie ratified, and the ratifica- 
tions shall Ih* exchaiigiMl at Tendon as soon ba {)Ossihle. 

In witness whereof the Un<lersigne<l, duly authorized thereto 
by their resjiective Ctoveniments, have signed the present Addi- 
tional Article, and have attixed thereto their seals. 

l>(liie at L»ndon, in (|uaiiruplicate (two in English and two in 
Chinese), thin I8th day of July, 1885. being the 7th (Uy of the 
lith mcMin in the 11th vear of the reign of Kwang-SiL 

(LS.) SALISBIJKY. 

a.s.) ts£no. 



Ttjuatiifn of Ojnum, Right of British Gttrtmment to triihdratr 
from nar AfpremnU and to revert to M SytJrm in event of other 
Ptty^rm nttt etmforming to Priftijtionf of Additional Article, 

( 1 ) The MarquiA of Salislntry to the Man/uiti T»tng, 

M. le Ministre. Foreign OJfice, ISth Juljf, 1885. 

I HAVE ihf honour U^ address the presi*nt note to }ou in order 
to place on reckon! the fact that, with the view of carrying out the 
pro()us4d made by your (tovenunent. the fidlowing understaniiing 
has been come t4> between the (tovernments of < treat Britain and 
China in regard to the Additional Article to the Chefoo Agreement 
(No. 12) relative to Opium whirh has been signet! this day : — 

It is understood that it sliall lie competent for Her Majesty's 
(ffoveniment at once to withdraw from this new arrangement, and 
to revert to the system of taxation (or Ojiium at present in opera- 
tion in China, in case the Cliinest* Govemmeut sliall fail to bring 
the other Tn*aty Powers to conform to the provisions of the said 
Adiiitioual Article. 

It is further understiiod Uiat in the event of the tenniiiation of 
the said Additional Article, the Chefoo Agreement (No. 12), with 
the exception of Clause 3 of Section 3. and with tlie modifications 
stipulateil in < 1ause 1 of the said Additit»nal Article, shall never- 
theless remain in force. 

I have the honour to re(|uest that you will acknowledge the 
receipt of this note, informing me that tlie underatanding recorded 
in It is accepter! by the (*hinese Government. 

I have, dec, 

SALISBCRY. 

8r» 



No. 14.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [July 18, 1886. 

[Oplnm Trade.] London. 

shall have been opened at the place of consumption the Opium 
shall not be subjected to any tax or contribution, direct or indirect, 
pther than or in excess of such tax or contribution as is or may 
hereafter be levied on native Opium. 

In the event of such tax or contribution being calculated ad 
valorem the same rate, value for value, shall be assessed on foreign 
and native Opium, and in ascertaining for this purpose the value 
of foreign Opium the amount paid on it for li-kin at the port of 
entry shall be deducted from its market value. 

Additional Article to form part of Ghefoo Agreement. 

6. It is agreed that the present Additional Article shall be 
considered as forming pait of the Ghefoo Agreement (No. 12), 
and that it shall have the same force and validity as if it were 
inserted therein word for word, 

Batifications, 

It shall come into operation six months after its signature, pro- 
vided the ratifications have tlien been exchanged, or if they have 
not, then on the date at which such exchange takes place. 

duration of Additional Article. 

T. Tlie arrangement respecting Opium contained in the present 
Additional Article shall remain binding for four years, after the 
expiration of which period either Government may at any time 
give twelve months' notice of its desire to terminate it, and such 
notice being given, it shall terminate accordingly. 

Bight to Great Britain to terminate Additional Article in event of 
CertiJukjUe not exempting Opium from Taxation. 

It is, however, agreed that the Government of Great Britain 
shall have the right to terminate the same at any time, should the 
transit certificate be found not to confer on the Opium complete 
exemption from all taxation whatsoever whilst being carried from 
the port of entry to the place of consumption in the interior. 

Treaty of 26th June, 1858, to Bevive in event of Termination of 

present Additional Article, 

In the event of the termination of the present Additional 
Article the arrancjement with regard to Opium now in force under 
the Regulations attached to the Treaty of Tien-tsin (No. 6) shall 
revive. 

Additional Article may be modified. 

8. The High Contracting Parties may, by common consent, 
adopt any modifications of the provisions of the present Addi- 
tional Article which experience may show to be desirable. 

Smuggling from China into Hong Kong. 

iK It is understood that the Commission provided for in Clauso 

85 



JulT 18, 1885.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [No. 14. 

London. [Opium Trade.] 

7 of Section III of the Chefoo Agreement (No. 12) to inquire in 
the question of the prevention of smuggling into China from Hong 
Kong shall be appointed as soon as possible. 

Chsfoo Agreement and this Additional Article to he Raiified 

together. 

10. The Chefoo Agreement, together with, and as modified by, 
the present Additional Article, shall be ratified, and the ratifica- 
tions shall be exchanged at Tendon as soon as possible. 

In witness whereof the Undersigned, duly authorized thereto 
by their respective Governments, have signed the present Addi- 
tional Article, and have affixed thereto their seals. 

Done at London, in quadruplicate (two in English and two in 
Chinese), this 18th day of July, 1885, being the 7th day of the 
dth moon in the 11th year of the reign of Kwang-StL 

(LS.) SALISBURY. 

(;L.S.) TSfiNG. 




Tajiuition of Opium, Right of British Oovemment to ttrithdraw 
from trnv Agreement and to revert to old System in event of other 
Powers not conforming to Provisions of Additional Article. 

(1) The Marquis of Salishirg to the Marquis Ts^ng. 

M. le Ministre, Foreign Office, I8th July, 1885. 

I HAVE the honour to address the present note to you in order 
to place on record the fact that, with the view of carrying out the 
proposal made by your Government, the following understanding 
has been come to between the Governments of Great Britain and 
China in regard to the Additional Article to the Chefoo Agreement 
(No. 12) relative to Opium which has been signed this day : — 

It is understood that it shall be competent for Her Majesty's 
Government at once to withdraw from this new arrangement, and 
to reveit to the system of taxation for Opium at present in opera- 
tion in China, in case the Chinese Government shall fail to bring 
the other Treaty Powers to conform to the provisions of the said 
Additional Article. 

It is further understood that in the event of the termination of 
the said Additional Article, the Chefoo Agreement (No. 12), with 
the exception of Clause 3 of Section 3, and with the modifications 
stipulated in Clause 1 of the said Additional Article, shall never- 
theless remain in force. 

I have the honour to request that you will acknowledge the 
receipt of this note, informing me that the understanding recorded 
in it is accepted by the Chinese Government. 

I have, &c., 

SALISBURY. 

86 



Ho. 15.] (mEAT BRITAIN AND CHINA* [Julj «4, 1M6. 

[Burmah and Thibet.] Peking. 

(2) The Marquis TaSng to the Marquis of Salisbury. 

My Fx)nl. Chinese Legation, Lojulon, ISth July, 1885. 

f N reply to your Ix»nl8liip'8 note of this date, I have the honour 
to 8t4ite that the Imperial Government accept the following as the 
expi-ession of the understanding which has been come t<» between 
the (roveriiments of (rreat Britain and China in regard to the 
Additional Article to the ( 'hefoo Agi-eament (No. 12) relative to 
Opium, which has been signed this day: — 

1. It is under?tood that it siiall l>e comi^etent for Her Majesty's 
Ctovemment at once to withdraw from this new arrangement and 
to revert to the system of taxation for Opium at present in opera- 
tion in China, in case the Chinese (iovemment shall fail to bring 
the other Treaty Powers to conform to the provisions of the said 
Additional Article. 

2 It is further understoml that, in the event of the termination 
of the said Additional Article, the Chefoo Agreement (No, 12), 
>%ith the exception of Clause 3 of Section 3, and with the modi- 
fications stipulated in Clause 1 of the said Additional Article, shall 
nevertheless remain in force. 

I have, &c., 

TSfeNG. 



(No. 160 CONVENTION between Her Britannic Majesty and 
His Majesty the Emj^eror of China relative to Burmuh ami Thibet. 
—Signed at Pekitiff, 24th July, 1886. 

[Katifications exchanged in London, 25th August, 1887.] 

Whereas Uer Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, 
Empress of India, and His Majesty the Emperor of China, being 
sincerely desirous to maintain and perpetuate the relations of 
friendship and good understanding which now exist between their 
reepective Empires, and to promote and extend the commercial 
intercourse between their subjects and dominions, the following 
Convention has been agreed u|)on and concluded : — 

On the part of Great Britain by Nicholas Roderick O'Couor, 
Esquire, Her Majesty's Secretary of Legation at Washington, and 
lately Her Majesty's Chargi d'Affaires in China, Companion of the 
Most Distinguisheii Onler of St. Michael and St George, duly 
empowered thereunto ; 

And on the part of China by his Highness Prince Ch'ing, 
President of the Tsung-li YamSn.and his Excellency Sun, Minister 
of the Tsung-li Yamin. Senior Vice President of the Board of 
Works. 

ARTICLE I. 

Deerunial Missions from Burmah. 

Inasmuch as it lias been the practice of Burmah to send 

87 



Jul? «4, 18H*V1 GRKAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. fMo. 15. 

PtluDf. ';;B«mAh and Thibet.^ 

decennial niittsionH in present article** of local pnKluce, KnglaiKi 
agreeH that the hi^-hest authority in Burinah shall send the cus- 
tomary dei'ennial luiasiouM, the nieuilierH of the niiHsioUH to be of 
Burn)e84' race. 

ARTICLE II. 

British AiUhority and RuU in Bvrmah, 

. China agrees that, in all matters whatsoever appertaining to 
the authority and rule which England is now exercising in Kurmah, 
England shall lie free t<» do whatever she deems tit and proper. 

ARTICLE III. 

Frontier fpfiiceni Bumuih and Chinu, 

The fnmtier between Hurmaii and China to lie markiHl bv a 
I>eliniitation Commission.* 

FnnUirr Trade. 

And the conditions of frontier tnule to lie settled by a Frontier 
Trade ( onventiou, U»th countries a^rtving to protect and encourage 
trade lietween China ami Bunnah. 

ARTICLE IV. 

British }fis9ian to Thihft to be amntermande^i. 

Inasmuch as inquiry into the circumstances by the (*hinese 
(fovemnient has shown the existence of manv obHta<*le8 t4) the 
Mission t^i Ttiiliet provide<l for in the .Separate Article of the 
Chefoo Agreenient.+ England cimsents to countermand the Mission 
forthwith. 

Frontier Trait e hetireen India and TTiibei, 

With regard to the desire of the British (toveniment t^i consider 
arrang<*menta for frontier trade lietween India and Tliibet, it will 
be the duty of the Chinese Government, after careful inquiry inU* 
the circumstances, to adopt measures to exh<»rt and encourage the 
people with a view to the promotion and development of trade. 
Should it U* practicable, the (*hint*9e (to>emuient shall then pro- 
ceed carefully to consider Traiie Regulations , but if insuperable 
obstacles nbould be found Ut exist, the British <tovemment will 
not prem the matter unduly. 

ARTICLE V 

Baii/ieatiuns. 

The present Convention shall lie ratitie<i, and the ratifications 
shall Iw exchange^i in Ixindon as soon as possible after the date of 
the signature thereof. 

• He^ Conveiititm. I«t If Mrh. ISM. pttf* 68H 



Ho. 16.] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Sept. 11. 1886. 

[Opinm TfAm at Hone Kon^.J 

In witness whereof the respective negotiators have signed the 
same and afhxed thereunto the seals of their amis. 

Done in triplicate at Peking this 24th day of July, in the year 
of our Lord 1886, corresponding with the Chinese date the 2;^rd 
day of the 6th moon of the 12th year of Kuang HsiL 

(LS.) NICHOLAS RODERICK O'CONOR. 
(LS.) (Monogram) CH'INO. 

(F.S.) (Monogram) SUN YU-WfcN. 



(No. 16.) AGREEMENT between Her Majesty' $ Consul at Tien- 
tsin, the Puisne Judge at Hong Kong, the Inspeetor-OeneraJ of 
Customs, and the Joint Commissioners far China, respecting the 
Opium Trade at Honff Kong. — Wth September, 1886. 

Memorandum of the Rases of Agreement arrived at after discussion 
hetween Mr. Byron Rrenan, Her Majesty's Consul at Tien- 
tsin, Mr. James Russell, Puisne Judge of Hong Kong, and Sir 
Roliert Hart, K.C.M.G., Inspector-General of Customs, and 
Shao Tao-Tai, «loint Commissioners for China, in pursuance of 
Article VII, section 8, of the Agreement between Great Britain 
and China signed at Chefoo on the 13th September, 1876 (No. 
12),* and of section 9 of the Additional Article to the said 
Agreement signed at lx)ndon on the 18th July, 1885 (No. 14).t 

Mr. Russell undertakes that the Government of Hong Kong 
shall submit to the Legislative Council an Ordinance for the 
regulation of the trade of the Colony in raw opium, subject to the 
conditions hereinafter set forth and providing — 

1. For the prohibition of the import and export of opium in 
quantities le<s than one chest 

2. For rendering illegal the possession of raw opium, its custody 
or control in quantities less than one chest, except by the opium 
farmer. 

3. That all opium arriving in the Colony be reported to the 
Harbour-master, and that no opium shall be transhipped, landed, 
stored, or removed from one store to another, or re-exported, 
without a permit from the Harbour-master and notia^ to the 
opium farmer. 

4 For the keeping by importers, exporters, and go-do\iii 
owners, in such form as the Governor may require, books showing 
the movement of opium. 

5. For taking stock of quantities in the stores, and search for 
deficiencies by tlie opium farmer, and for furnishing to the 
Harbour-master returns of stocks. 

6. For amendment of Harbour Regulations as to night clearances 
of junks. 

• F«C* 72. t Pkc« 86. 

89 



S^pt. 11. IH86] (rRKAT HRITAIN AND CHINA. :Ho. 16. 

[Opinm Trmtf* at Hone Konc.] 



The (*on(iitioriH on which it is aj^'eetl to <mhmit tlie Onlinance 
are — 

1. Tliat China arranges with Macao for the adoption of e<jui- 
valent nit*4i.sun*8 

2. That the Hon>; Kon^' iSovernment shall be entitleil to repeal 
the Onlinancv if it Ik; found to he injuriouB t^) the revenue or to 
the legitiin4ite trade of the Colony. 

.'5. Tliat an office untler the Fi>rei«;n In8{>ectorate shall be 
e.^tal)lishe<i tin rhinesM' t4»rritory at a convenient 8|)ot on the 
KowI<Min sifh- f(»r sale of ( *hinese opium-duty certificates, which 
shall lie fn*cdy soKl by all cnincrs, and for such <|uantities of opium 
jis ihcy may nM|uin'. 

4. That opium accj»m|»anie4i by .such certificMites, at the nitt* of 
not mon* than llOtaels |ier picui, shall U* fn*e from all further 
im|M>sts of every sort, ami have all the UMiefit8 stipulattnl for by 
the Additiomd Article on U'half of opium on which duty has lH*en 
{mid at one of the |Kirts of China, and that it may U* made up in 
Seidell (KireeU at the option of the purchas4*r. 

.'». The junks trading )>etween Chim^se |»orti$ and H(m^ Kong, 
and their curgfM*^. shall not lie subject to any dues or duties in 
excess of those leviable on junks and their C4irj^ies trading Ixjtween 
ChineiH) |K)rt8 and Macau i. and that no dues what(«oever ahall 
lie «lemanded fnun junks coming U* flong Kong fnmi ports in 
China, or pnx'eeding from Hong Kong U) |M>rts in China, over and 
alxive the dut^ |Niid or |Miyable at the \HnXA of clearance or des- 
tinatioiL 

♦i. That the officer of the Fon*ign Iiisjiectorate. who will lie 
responsible for the management of the Kowloon office, shall 
investigate and settle any (Uimplaints iiuule by junks trading with 
Hong Kong against the Xative (*u8t'>nis Kevenue stations or 
cruisers, ami tliat the (tovenior of Hong Kong, if he deems it 
aiivisable, shall lie entitletl to send a Hong Kong offi(H*r to lie 
present at and assist in the investigation and decision. If, how- 
ever, they do not agree, a referemt* may lie made to the auttiorities 
at Peking for a joint derision. 

Sir Koltert Hart undertaki's, on lielialf of himself and Shao 
Tao-Tai who was oom|ielliHl by unavoidable circumstances to 
leave lief«>re the sittings of the (%»mmissi«in weiv tenuinateti ), that 
the diiiK^* (ioveniment shall agrev* to the aliove amditi<ins. 

The t'nilersigned are of opini<iii that if these arrangements are 
fully carri(*d out a fairly siitisfai-tory s<»lution of the ({uestions 
connei!ted with the so-culle«i *' Hong Kong blockade '* will liave 
been arrivetl at 

Signeil in triplicate at Htmg Kong this 11th clay of Septemlier, 
18H6. 

HYKOX BKEXAX. Her BrUannir Majttt^'t 

Consul at T\€n'4mn, 
J RUSSELL, Puun^ Jwige of H(mg Kong, 
KOKEKT HART. InMpedor Ctn^ml of ruMiams. 
China. 

5u 



No. 17.] ORKAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. [Mar. 17. IW). 

[Sikkim and Thibet.] Cdoutta. 

(No, 17, ) CONVENTION betioeen Great Britain and China 
rrlatiiuj to Sikkim and Thibet. Signeil at Calcutta, 17 th March, 
1890.» 

[HatificatioiiH exchanged at liondon, 27th August, 1890.] 



Enoush Text. 

Wherkas Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of 
Ctreat Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, and His Majesty the 
Empenir of China, are sincerely desirous to maintain and per- 
petuate tlie relations of friendship and good understanding which 
now exist l)etween their respective Empires ; and whereas recent 
occurrences liave tended towards a (listurl>ance of the saitl rela- 
tions, and it is desirable to clearly deHnc and permanently settle 
iHirtain matters connected with the l^oundary between Sikkim and 
ThilKit, Her Britannic Majesty and His Majesty the Emperor of 
China have resolved to conclude a Convention on this subject, and 
have, for this purpose, named Plenipotentiaries, that is to say : — 

Her Majesty the Queen of Crreat Britain and Ireland, his 
Excellency the Most Honourable Henry (/harles Keith Petty 
Fitzmauric«, Ci.M.S.1., (J.C.M.G., (t.M.I.E., Marquess of Lands- 
downe, Viceroy and (rovernor-General of India, 

And His Majesty the Emperor of Ciiina, his Excellency 
Sheng-Tai, Imperial Associate Resident in Thibet, Militar}' Deputy 
Lieutenant-Ciovemor ; 

Who, having met and communicated to each other their full 
powers, and Hnding these to l>e in proper form, have agreed ujHjn 
the following Convention in eight Articles: — 

ARTICLE L 

Batindary betioeen Sikkim atid Thibti, 

The boundary Itetween Sikkim and Thibet shall be the crest of 
the mountain range separating the waters flowing into the Sikkim 
Teesta and its atHueuts from the waters flowing into the Thibetan 
Mochu and northwards into other rivers of Thibet. The line com- 
mences at Mount Gipmochi on the Bhutan frontier, and follows 
the above-mentioneil water-parting to the point where it meets 
Nipal territory. 

ARTICLE II. 

British Frotectorate aver Sikkim, Interned and Foreign Relaiion$. 

It is admitted that the British Government, whose Protectorate 
over the Sikkim State is liereby recognized, has direct and exclu- 

• V%xL Paper*, Treaij Sencs. No. 11 (1S94). Sm Regulfttiont rMpectiag 
ImAm, Ofletal ConunuDioatums, and Pistunfs, 5th December, 1808 (No. 1ft) • 

91 



Marrh 17. 1890] GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. Ho. 17. 

QUeittto. ftikklm and ThiWt.] 

sive control over the internal iuliuiimtratioii au<l foreign relations 
of that State, an<l ex(*ept thnm^h and with the permission of the 
British (tovernnient. neither the Kuler of the State or lUiy of its 
ot^(vrs sh.ill havt* t»ttirial rehttions of any kind, formal or informal. 

with anv other rountrv. 

* • 

AKTICLK III. 

Jiinuuhtrif to hr RffjfertM aiui Agtjrewrt AcU on FroniUr to he 

PrevtnUd. 

The (lovemment of (ireat Britain and Ireland and the Goveni- 
niont of (liina eii>ra;:e n»riprorally t4) res|>et*t the Ixmndar}' as 
define<l in Arti<de I. and to pn»vent mXs of a«:)^ssion from their 
n?s|MM»tivi» Hides of the frontier. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Tnutf nrnnut Sikkim- Thibet Frontier.^ 

The question of pn>vidin^ increaiMnI facilities for traile across 
tin* Sikkini-Thil>et frontier will hereafter lie disiusieti with a view 
to a mutually satiHfact4»r>' arran^ment by the High (*ontnuaing 
iNiwers. 

AKTICLE V. 
Pajxiunuji on Sikkim $idi of Frttntur,^ 

Tile tiue'ttion of |Mi.stura>{e on the Sikkim side of the frontier is 
reser>*e<i for further examination and future adjustment. 

AKTU'LE VI. * 

Officiai t^^ommuuifniioiu, Itulia ami ThiUt.l 

The Hi>^h (outnuting Powers reserve fur discussion and 
arrau>(enient the inethiMl in which official cunimunicatious lietween 
the British authontien in India and the authorities in Thiliet shall 
be c*ontlucted. 

AUTU LE VII. 
CommUgu/nrrs to hf ap^tointtd to nmMuUr {fufdiutu llrMrrtd. 

Two joint rominissituiers shall, within six months fmni tlie 
ratihi^ation of this Convention. l>e appt>int4Hl, one by the British 
Uoveniment in India, the other by the Chinese Henident in Thiliet. 
The said ( ouimissioners shall meet and dis<.*uss the questions which, 
bj* the last three pnireiiiu^ Artirles. have l>e<Mi reM-Tveii. (Stn* 

" o. 19.) 

• See RenuliOaoii^ 5lh I>ecember. INM (Ho. 19). Art*. 1-VI 

t Se« B«ffuUiiaiM, 6ch I»««ember. 1««3 (Mo. 19). Art IX. 

: !W« BefttlMJOiM. &tli HeretobM'. l*«»l iMO. 19K Aft« VJl. VIIJ 

\i2 



^ 



Mo. lA.} GREAT BRITAIN AND (^HINA. [March 31. 1800. 

[Ohnng k lBg op«ii«d to TnkU.] Peking. 

AKTICLK Vlll. 
Haiijicaticnis. 

The present Convention shall he ratified, and the nitifications 
shall be exchanged in Ix)ndon as soon as (Missible after the date of 
the signature thereof. 

In witness whereof the resiHictive negotiators have signed the 
same, and affixed thereunto the seals of their arms. 

Done in (juadniplicate at Calcutta, this 17th day of March, in 
the year of our I^)rd 1890, corresix>nding with the ('hinese date, 
the 27th day of the 2ud moon of the 16th year of Kuang Hsii. 

(LS.) LANSDOWNE. 
(L8.) [Signature of the Chinese Plenipotentiary.] 



(No. 18.) ADDITIONAL ABTICLE Ut the AgreevinU heiween 
Great Britain and China of Sej4einher 13, 1870, declarimf 
Chungking to he opened to Trtufe. Signed at PeJcing, March 31. 
1890. 



[Katitications exchanged at Peking, January 18, 1891.] 



The (joveninieuts of Great Kritain and C*hina, being desirous 
of settling in an amicable spirit the divergence of opinion which 
has arisen with respect to the first clause of the third section of 
the Agreement concluded at Chefo(» in 1876 (No. 12), which 
stipulates that " The British (vovernnient will l)e free to send 
officers to reside at Chungking to watch the conditions of British 
trade in Szechuen, that British merchants will not be allowed t<» 
reside at Chungking, or to open establishments or warehouses 
there, so long as no steamers have access Ui the |>ort, and that 
when steamers liave succeeded in iiscending the river so far, 
further arrangements can lie taken into consideration,'* have agreed 
upon the following Additional Article : — 

Chungking ojtened to Trade as Treaty Port. 

I. Chungking shall forthwith be declared open to trade on the 
same footing as any other Treaty port 

Traffic beticeen Ichang aiul Chungking, 

British subjects shall lie at liberty either to charter Chinese 
veiMels or to provide vessels of the Chinese type for the traffic 
between Ichang and Chungking. 

U3 



Manhai. IWiO.: GREAT BRITAIN ANO CHINA. THo. 18. 

Peking. rOhnaffidaff op«iMd to Tmd*.] 

yfrrthn ml izf nmcfi/rd Itriinni Ichmuj nml f^htnujking. 

II. Mt»n*liaiiciiz*' roiiwyinl U'tM«i*ii Ichaii;: and ( 1miij;kinj( by 
tin* uImivc thiH-s of VfHseLH shall l>e plare<l on tlu* name foi»ting aft 
ineruliandizr carritMi hy nleaniers l)etwi*<'n Shan^hae and Ichang, 
and Khali lie dealt with in acconiance with Treaty, Tariff Rules, 
and the Yangt^ze Kegtilations. 

Pa/trrn and Flngn to be carried 6y $uch Vestieis, 

III. All Regulations a^ Ut the |)ai>erH and flags to be carried 
by veitoels of the aliove description, aa to tlie cargo certificates with 
which they .sliall lie provided, as to the repackage of goods for tlie 
voyage liey(»iui Ichang, and as to the general pnx^ure Ui \te 
oliH<*r\'e4l liy thont* engagi^l in the trattic between Ichang and 
Cliungking with a view to insuring convenience ami security, shall 
lie drawn up by tiie Su|ierintendent of Customs at Ichang, the 
Taot4ii of the (.'h'uan Tung (*ircuit, who is now stationeil at 
diungking, and the Commissioner of Cust4iuis in consultation with 
the British Consul, and shall be liable to any modifications that 
may hereafter prove to be desirable and may be agreed upon by 
common consent 

Paymmt of l\rrt Durt by Churtered Jutdi, 

IV. Chartered junks shall pay |iort dues at Ichang and Chung- 
king in acconiance with the Yangtsze liegulations ; vessels of 
(*hine»»e ty|ie. if and when entitled to carry tlie Britisli Hag, shall 
pay tonnage dues in acctirdance with Treaty Regulations. It is 
obligatory on Uith chartereil junks and aLwi vessels of C*hinese 
ty|ie, even when thr latter may lie entitle<l t4) carry the British 
flag, to take out the Maritinir Cust^mi-house s{)ecial papers and a 
S{iecial Hag when intendetl iu lie employe*! by British subjects in 
the tnins|iort of giMnls liet^%een Ichang and (*hungking, and with- 
out such |m{it*rs ami flag n<i vess^d of either class sliall be allowed 
the privileges an«l immunities granteti under this Additional 
Articli*. Pmvided with H{Nx*ial [lajiers and flag, vessels of lioth 
classes nhall U* alloweti t4i ply U'twe<*ii the two {iorts« and they 
and their cargoes shall lie dealt with in m*c«inlance with Treaty 
Ruli'H Riitl the Vaiigt.Hi^* IN'^^'ulationn. All other vessels sliall lie 
d«*alt with by tii** Xativr Custom^ Tht* siiecial papers and flag 
issmii by the Maritime (.^Htoms munt alone be wmni by the 
fiartinilar vrss^d for which thc-y wrn* originally issu<*d, and an* not 
tran.Hfendile fnmi c»ne vess^d to another. Tlie use of the British 
flag by vt»ssi'U llir pni|ierty of <;hiiit«e is strirtly pmhibited. In- 
fnnp'iiieiit of ihi'M' Rt*g^ilatioiis will, in th»* first in.*«tance, render 
the* offender liable U> the |ienalties m forci* at the ports hitherto 
ojiene«| under Treaty, and ^hoidd the offmce l>e sul»M?<|Uently 
n'{i«'at4'«l, the ves.vd's •cpecial |*H|ierH Hiid Ha}; will Uf withdrawn, 
and the vensel herself refuH^ti iiermiHsion thencvforwanl U* tnule 
between Irbaug and Chungking. 

M 



Mo. 19.^ OHKAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. !!>«?. 6. lRf«. 

[SlUdm-Thibet. Txmd« Bagiilationa, Ste. Tatimc.] 

V. When onoe Chinese steamers carrvin*; earjjo run to Chnnp- 
king, British steamers shall in like manner have jiccess to the said 
port 

VI. It is a^n»ed that the present Additional Article shall In? 
considered as fonnin^ part of the Chefoo Aj^enient (No. 12), 
and as having the same force and validity as if it were inserted 
therein word for word. It shall lx» ratified, and the ratifications 
exohange<l at Peking, and it shall come into oi)eration six months 
after its signature, provided the ratifications have then been 
exchanged, or if thev have not, then on the date at which such 
exchange takes jdace.* 

Done at Peking in triplicate (three in English and three in 
Chinese), this 31st day of March, in the year of onr Lord 1890, 
being the 11th dav of the Second Interailaw Moon of the 16th 
vear of Knang Hsii. 

(LS.) JOHN WALSHAM. 

(L8.) [Signature of Chinese PleniiH)tentiary.] 



(No. 19.) HEOULATIONS ra/ardiw/ TraAv, Official Com- 
municniuni^ ami PaMvra4j*\ to he appended to the SUckim- Thibet 
Conrentum of 1890 (No. 17). Yatuiuj opened to Trade, — 
Sif/ned at Darjeelituj^ 5th Deer-mher, 1893.t 

I. A trade mart shall lie established at Yatung on the Thil)etan 
side of the frontier, an<l shall l>e o{)en to all British subjects for 
purposes of trade from the Ist day (»f May, 1894. ITie (loveni- 
ment of Imlia shall l)e free to send officers to reside at Yatung to 
watch the conditions of British trade at that mart. 

II. IMtish subject.s trading at Yatung shall in* at lil)erty to 
travel freely to and fro l)etween the fnmtier and Yatung, to 
reside at Yatung, and ti» rent houses ami gcnlowns for their own 
accommodation, ami the st<)nige of their goods. The Chinese 
(iovemment un<lertake that suiUible buildings for the al)Ove 
purpoS4*s shall lie pi-ovide<l for British subjects, and also that a 
H|»ecial ant! fitting residence shall 1h» provide<l for the officer or 
officers apiMiinted by the (lovernment of India under Kegulation I 
t^> n»side at Yatung. British subjects shall l>e at libt^rty to scdl 
their g<>o<ls t4> whomsoever they plea.se, to purchase native com- 
modities in kind or in money, to hirt> trans|Mjrt <»f any kind, and in 
general to condiut their business transacti<ms in cc»nfonnity with 
hical u.^age, aiul without any vexatious restrictions. Such British 
subjects shall ivceive efficient protection for their persons and 
pn^HTtv. At l-4ing-j«» and Ta-chun, l)etwifen the frontier and 
Yatung. where rest-houses have Ix'en built by the ThiU'tan authori- 

* lUtiflcmtiont exchaogr<l 18th Jaiiiuut-, 1891. 
t Pari. Paper. TrmtT Beriet, No. 11, 1894. 

'95 



I>#N. 5. mwj (iRKAT BRITAIN ANI> CHINA. 'Mo. 19. 

[SlUdm-Thibet. TnuU AMfilaUons, *o. TMvar.] 

lieH, British subjwt** can break their journey in ronsideratiiui of a 
daily rent. 

III. lin]>ort anil i.'XiH>rt traiie in tiif folhiwin^ urtides : annft, 
aniniunition. military <«tonw. Halt, liquors, an<i intoxicating or 
narrntic <lni«;s, may, at the option of either tto%ernmunt,l»e entirely 
|)rohihiti*(i, or |N*rmitteii only on nueh conditions aa either (roveni- 
ment, on tht*ir own side, may think tit to impoae. 

IV. Cto<xlH, other than «;o<k|8 of the de«cription enumerated in 
Kegulation III, entering; Thiliet from British India, across the 
Sikkim-ThiU't Irontier, or riV/- nrsd, \vhat«*ver thrir origin, shall he 
exempt fn>m fluty for a ]>en<Ml of Hve years, commencing from the 
date of the o|ienin^ of Yatun;: to tnule. l)ut aft^T the expiration of 
this t4'nn. if found desirable, a tiirift' may l)e mutually agreed u{)on 
and enforces I. 

lutlian tea may l>e im{Mirtetl into Thil)et at a rate of duty not 
exc<MKling that at which (*hineKe t4'a is im|>orte4i into England, but 
traiie in Indian tea slmll nt»t Ik; engageii in during the five years 
for which other comnuMlitics arc exempt. 

y. All ^sinnU on arrival at Yatung, whether from British India 
nr rn»m TiU*t, niuf*t U» rt'jjort^'d ut the CuHiom** Station there for 
examinatioti. ami the ri*iN)rt must give full |mrticularH of the 
description, tpiantity. and value of the goods. 

VI. In the event of tnide disputes arising U»twt»en British 
and Chinese or TliiU»tan subjects in TliiU*t. thej* shall lie impiinnl 
int4> and settletl in |M*rsonal miiference by the rnliti<*al Otticer for 
Sikkim and the (liinesc* frontier ofticer. Tlu* obje<*t of {lermmal 
conferenct* U'ing to ascertain facts and do justice, when* there is a 
divergi*nce i»! views, the law of the country t^) which the defendant 
belongs shall iruide. 

Ojfinai i \tnt m ttn toUitniA 

VII. |i4*s|iatrhes fri»m the Uuveniment (»f India to the (*hines4* 
Im|i4*rial Resident in Thiliet shall lje hande<l ovfr by the Tolitical 
Othcer for Sikkim to the Chinese Frontier Officer, who will for%i'anl 
them by H|>ecial courier. 

I )es|»4iicheM fmm the i 'hine.se Im|ifrial Be^ident in Tliibet to the 
(•overnment of India will U* luiiide«l over by the t*hiuetH* Frontier 
Othcer ti* the Toliiical nthcer for Sikkim, who will forwanl them 
as i|uic-kly as |H«wible. 

VIII. Ik^|»at4'he> lietweeii the ( hiiiese and Iiidiaii officials 
must U* tivated with dm* res{Ni>t, an«l couriers will lie aissintetl in 
passing to an<l fri» by the officers «»f each Guvenimeiit. 

I'aMuruiit. 

IX. After the expiration ot one >ear ln»m the date of the 
<»|iening t*f Yatung. such ThiU'taus i> lontimie to grazi* their (*attle 
ill Sikkim will lie subject t«i <«ui h K*4Hrulation** a.-* the Bntish 

(tMV««tliment UlAV from time t<> time enact tor the v'eller.d ii*lldllt t 

ot '^Tiuiug in Sikkim. I>ue notice will U? given ol %uch lC«*gulat ioii». 



Mo. 19.] GREAT BRIT A I!^ AKD CHINA. [Dec.B.inM. 

Cflikki»«Thlb«i. Trmdm AMfilatioas, 4to. TatOBff.] 

6BN8RAL ABTICLES. 

Settlement of Differences, 

I. In the event of disagreement between the Political Otiioer 
for Sikkim and the Chinese Frontier Officer, each official shall 
report the matter to his immeiliate superior, who in turn, if a 
settlement is not arrived at l>etween them, shall refer such matter 
to their respective Governments for disposal. 

Diiratinn and Kevismi of Beffuiutiotis, 

II. After the lapse of five years from the date on wliich these 
Relations shall come into force, and on six months' notice given 
by either party, these Ke^ulations shall be subject to revision bv 
Commissioners appointed on both sides for this purpose, who shall 
be empowered to decide on and adopt such amendment8 and exten- 
sions as experience shall prove to be desirable. 

iktHement oj (^uestii/ns reservt'd in Treaty of 17 tk March, 1890. 

III. It having been stipulateti that Joint Commissioners should 
be appointed by the British and Chini^se Governments under tlie 
Vllth Article of the Sikkini-Thibet Couventicm (No. 17) to meet 
and discuss, with a view to the final settlement of the questions 
reservetl under Articles IV. V, and VI of the said Convention ; 
and the Conmiissioners thus appoiute<l, having met and discussetl 
the questions referred to, namely, Trade, C'omnmuication, and Pas- 
turage, have been further appointeil to sign the Agreement in nine 
Regulations and three General Articles now arrived at, and to 
declare that the said nine Regulations and the three (reneral 
Articles form part of the Convention itself. 

In witness whereof the respective (Commissioners have hereto 
subecribed their names. 

iHine in quadruplicate at Darjeeling, this 5th day of December, 
in the year 18!i3, corresponding with tlie Chinese date the 28th 
day of the lOtii moon of the 19th year of Kuang Hsu. 

(LS.) A. \V. PAUL, 

Britiih Cammissum^r, 
(LS.) HO CHANG-JUNG, 
JAMES H. HART, 

Chineie Commiaioners. 



97 



V 
t ' 



J 



CHINA AND FOREIGN POWRRa 
[OtlMT thmn Ormtit Brltata.] 

PART 11. 



LIST of TRBATTES between Chirui and Farevjn Powers (other 

than (h-eat Britain). 1689—1895. 



No. Paai 

9U AuitriA-Hungarj. 2 Sept., 1869 Commeroe and N»Tigation 101 

— Ri^lgium '.. 25 July, 1846 Letter, Belgian Trade Ill 

21 , 2NoT., 1R65 Commerce and NaTigfttion Ill 

22 BratU 80ct., 1881 Ditto diUo 121 

25 Carm Sept, 18H2 Maritime and OTerbtid TnMle . . 127 

24 „ Mar., 1883 Frontier Trade, Liao-tung 182 

26 Denmark 18 July, 1868 Commeroe and Narigation 138 

:f6* Pranc«* 24 Oct., 1844 Ditto ditto 149 

27 27 June, 1868 Ditto ditto 168 

28 ., 24 Not., 1868 Tariff and Commercial BegvlaUont 180 

29 26Oot.,1860 War Indemnitj, Ac 181 

— ,. Aug.^Sept., Tonnage Duet App. 678 

1866 

80 11 Maj, 1884 Peace, Ac 185 

— , 4 Apr., 1886 Cetiation of HoatUitiei App. 679 

81 , 9 June, 1886 Peace. Commeroe 187 

82 , 26Apr., 1886 Commeroe, Ae 192 

{Ditto 202 

Boundary. China and Tonkin . . 206 

84 „ 1 Dec., 1888 Telegraph Linee 2U7 

— „ ... 1866. 1896 Purchase of Land, Ac., by Mit- 

nonaries '^PP* 711 

86 Germany 2 Sept., 1861 Commeroe and Narigation 212 

- »^''-^««{to„^d„....':':!"....:::;:- S 

87 n 21Aug.,1880 RatiUcationi ditto 282 

— Ur e at Britain ... See page 1. 

88 Ilalj 96 Oct., 1866 Commeroe and Narigation 282 

89 Japan 18 Sept, 1871 Ditto ditto 240 

40 , 81 Oct, 1874 Itland of FormoM 264 

41 „ 18 Apr., 1885 Ditto ditto. With- 

drawal of Troops from Oorea. . 266 

17Apr.,1896 Peace App. 708 

8 Not., 1896 Betrooession of Liao-tung . . App. 718 

42 NHherlands 6 Oct, 1868 Commerce and Narigation 267 

48 Peru 26 Juue, 1874^ f^'^'P*'^ ""^ ^"^^^^^^^^^ • • S? 

^Immigration..^ «71 

— Portugal 18 Aug., 1862 Commerce (not ratified). Note. . 278 

44 „ 26Mar.,1887 Belations, Maoao, Ac 278 

46 , lDec.,1887 Commeroe, Ac 274 

46 lDeo.,1887 Opium Trade. Maou) 288 

47 n 1 Dec., 1887 Collection of Opium Duties. Macao 290 

46 Russia 1689 Boundary, Ac 292 

49 „ 21 Oct, 1727 Punishment of FugitiTSS and 

Deseiteis, ke 296 






• Kxpirrd. 

99 



CHINA AND FomEION POWERS. 
[OtlMr thAB OtM* BrttAlB.] 



LIST OF TBEATIBB. 

No. Pa»i 

50 RuMiA 180et., 1768 Frontier OffeneM SOt 

51 t&Jnlr, 1861 Commeree, Kitnclltioii, Ae., lU 

(Kouldjo) and TarfaofaUI 306 

16 Mat. I MH ProU^iion of RiTerman Trade of 

the Ouatori, Amoor, And Soim- 
fan (Alffhoun) SIO 

1^ Jqm. 1868 Comiim««. NATi^ition. kc, 

(Tirn.t«in) Sll 

64 i !«ov.. 1860 Ditto ditto (Pokinf ) S18 

•-•{tt^:' 1661 1 Boundary (TehofurhAk) 810 

r Lnnd Trade. TnntT luperteded bj 



• k ■ 



ItS' ^f^i Trraty (Mo. 27). but TMiff rtill 

I I in force 8eeArt. Xlll 864 



. . j ^ April. 1868 OrerUod Trvle 

{Re>e«t*blbhinent of C^bineee Au- 
thuritj in Hi. Boandnry. Con- 
flult. Commerce, Frontier Trade. 
kc. (Ht. PMeraburir) 840 

. . CVt. -r>er . I8M Port Hnmilfon and Corm 867 



69 ^ .%u|t.. IWt Teleflpnphie 860 

60 Spain lOOrC, IWH Commerc*, Ar 364 

61 17 Not.. 1877 KmiKraAion. Cuba 874 

68 dveden A Nurway :» liar.. 1847 l\Hnroerre. Ar 880 

«a« I'nited States ... 3 Julj. 1844 Ditto (Wang.ffbia) .... 886 

64 IHJune. 18S8 Ditto (Tienteta) 897 

66 8 Nov.. 1866 Ditto (8haa|chaa) 400 

66 88Julj. 1H6H Ditt«» (Waehin|ctoa) .. 410 

67 .... 17 Nov., 18N0 Chiaaae Immifimtion iato tbe 

L nitfod 8ialaf 418 

.... 17 Nov., 1880 Cwninawial Intercouraeand Judi' 

eaal Pmeadute 416 

17 Mar., IHM Imifratimi 418 



See aUo Appendii, Part IV. pafa 66i> 



•j 



100 



Mo.WJ CHINA AND AU8TR1A-HUNOAKT [8q>ti,l 



(No. 20.) TREATY of Frietulship, Commerce, and Navigation 
between Anuria- Hungary ami China. — Signed at Peking, 2nd 
September, 1869.» 

AKTICLE I. 

Peace and FrietuUhip. Pnptection of Perums and Property. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25» Art. 1.] 

ARTICLE II. 

Appointment of Diplomatic Agents, 

[Same as (Ireat Britain, No. 6, Art. II.] 

ARTICLE III. 
Bendence of Diplomatir Agentn, Their Bights and Privileges. 

1.68 Agenta Diplomatiques uoium^ des deux coVia ont le droit, 
pour le reglement de leurs affaires, d'<^tablir leur residence per- 
manente dans la capitale de Fautre £tat, on d'y faire seulement 
des visites k Toccasion. 

Les Agents Diplomatiques des deux Parties Contractantes joui- 
ront au lieu de leur s^jour des privileges et liberty que leur assure 
le droit des nations. Leur personne, leur Camille, leur maison, et 
leur correspondance seront inviolables. lis ne doivent pas etre 
limits dans le choix et Tengagement de leurs employi^s, courriers, 
interpretes, ser>iteur8, lesquels ne devront ^tre inqui^tds en aucune 

Quiconque se permettra une offense orale ou de fait ou une voie 
de feit envers les Represeutanta de leurs Majesty ou envers un 
membre de leur famille ou de leur maison, sera s^v^rement puni 
par les autorites. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Frmdom to Austrian Agent to travel in China. Tranmaission^ 
Receipt, and Inviolability of Correspondence. Bmplogment of 
Couriers, National Treatment. Expenses of Diplamatie Mis- 
sions, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art IV.] 



• 8. p.. Tol- ai, p. i60. 

101 



8«|>e 2.1NA9.: CHINA AND AUSTRIA-HI' NO ART. iMo. 90. 

[OominTO», Jko.j 

ARTICLE V. 

Trtiitsiicfuw of liuxiiun hetifffn Austrian lUpresttiiatxrt and 

Ch incite Government. 

[Same lui I>t*ninurk. No. 26» Art. V.] 

Le Kepn'H4*iitaiit <l<» Sa Majest/* lnip(*rialt> et Royale Apoe- 
toli(|Ur tniitt*ni IfM uHitires {lersoniieUiMneiit on \n\T ecrit avec le« 
MiniHtn*s %\v Sa Mjijfsti* rKiiiiKTtMir d«» ('liim» -^ur un piwi (-imiplet 

• lV*)^llitr. 

ARTICLE VL 

Ap}nnntmeni of Consiiis in i/}ten P'trts. AfwU -fa nnired- nation 
Trtittment, Cunjtnfar Ihitie* may he p* rfurmeil tty Comtui of a 
frientUy I\nrer, 

L<* (timveniemeiit de Sii Maji^aU* Iiiipuriale et Royale Ap06- 
t4ilu|iie aura le <ln)it d'avoir tin (Vnimil-Cffeiieral <laiiR rliai|ue {Mjrt 
oiivert <le la < 'liiiie oti tIaiiH tniiU* ville de la Chine selon (|ue luR 
inu'n*t8 ill* S4»n etmiineree IVxij^ent. Ce Con»ul-(jeneral {murra 
etre un Consul, un Vice-C(»nhul, ou Agent ('ouHulaire. 

Ct*f4 fon<'tionnain>« Herunt trait/'x par lea autorites ChinoueB avec 
la tleferenre \oulue: ils juuinmt len tiroita et privileges aoconl<^ 
aux Agt*nts (Vuisulaires de la nation la plu.s favorisef*. 

Si le < touvenieinenl de Sa Maji«t4^ Iini>enale et Royale Apos- 
t4)lic|ue ne eonnidere |Nis la nomination d*un Agent (*on8ulaire uaiui 
I'un «ieH |Mirt.H ouvert>« au (*4»niinerce ci»inine neceKsain*. il |K>urra 
charijer dt* fonrtif»nH d*Auent Connulaire, dans re jiort. le (*onaul 
d*une nation aniie. 

ARTICLE VII. 

LantjHaijf to he tued in Offirial Communications beticeeu DiplonuUic 

and Consular and Chinese Authorities. 

lipH coiunmnicationa officielles des Agenta Diplomatiques et 
ConriuIaireM de Sa Majeste ImiK^riale et Royale Aptjatidique auront 
lieu en Inngue Alleinantie, inai.s elles sf-mnt aecoui|Higneea d'uue 
tnuiurtion Chinoisi*. i^areillrnient les autoriti'S Chi noise's ecriront 
en langtii* (.'hinoise. et dans I«* c-as ou Ton «iecouvrirait une differ- 
ence dan« la version Alleniande ouChinoi.He on eimsiderera cumnie 
vniie la version de la nation duuK la langue de Lai|uelle rirrit aura 
^te n'tligi" en premier. 

Treaty sypud in German and (^h^nese Languages. 

\je ptvaent Traiti* est exix'tiii* en langue AUemande et Chinoiae, 
lea deux textes out ete attentivenient 0(»nipar<^H de fai;on que le 
•iMib et la ^ignitieutioh il** rhiu^ue Article «««>nt )*arfaiteniefit 
H*«ccord« 

1U2 



Ho. 90.1 CHINA AND AUSTRIA -HUNGARY. [Sept, 2. 1869. 

[Oomm«ro«, Jke.] 

ARTICLE VIIL 

P0nnijmon to Aiistrian Subjects to trade, Jkc, in Open Ports. 

Left nationaux de la monarchie Austro-Hongroise avec leurs 
faiuilles sont aiitoris<^8 u circular libremeiit, k ^lire leur domicile, k 
faire le conimeme et k exercer une industrie en toute 8<k;urit^ et 
sans aucun empechement dans les villes et ports : de Canton, de 
Swatow, d*Ainoy, de Foochow, de Ningpo, de Shanghai, de Chin- 
kiaug, de Nanking, de Kiukiang, et Hankan, de nieme que sur les 
fleuves de Yang-te^, Ch^-Fix) (Yentad). Tientsin et Kewchuaug, 
Tanisui et Taivan-foo, dans File Fonnosa et Kiiuigchow, <lans Tfle 
Haiman. 

Permission to trade iw the Interior, hut not to establish Warehouses, 

A rint<5rieur du pays, et coninie les sujets d'autres £tat8, its 
peuvent faire le commerce sans cept^dant pouvoir y etablir des 
magasins de merchandises. 

ARTICLE IX. 

lUnt and purchase of Land for building Houses, Warehouses, 
ChurcJies, Hospitals, Sc?u>ols, aiul Burial-grounds, 

[Same as Belgium, No. 21, Art XII.] 

ARTICLE X. 

Austrian Vessels free to visit Ports open to Trade, but Oottds liable 
to Confiscation if trading with Ports not open to Trade, or sellirig 
ProrUions, Arms, and Munitions to Rebels or Pirates. 

Lee navires marchands de la monarchie Austro-Hongroise pour- 
ront visiter les porta et les villes ouverts au commerce (Stranger et 
naviguer librement d'un port a I'autre avec la cargaison. Mais il 
leur est interdit de visiter d'autres ports ou de faire le commerce 
de contrebande sur les cdtes. 

Si un navire marckand est surpris k faire la contrebande, sa 
cai^ison, sans ^ganl k sa valeur ou k son essence, sera soumise k la 
confiscation par les autoriU^s Chinoises ; ce navire marchand pourra 
^tre exclu d'un commerce ulterieur et eloigne aussitot qu'il aura 
regl^ et liuuide ses comptes. Toutes les confiscations auront lieu 
au profit du Gouvemement Chinois, lequel, toutafois, avant que la 
confiscation ne soit pronimc^e effectivement, aura k la communic^uer 
au Consul Imp^riale et Royal du port le plus voisin. 

Nul n^gociant ni armateur ne doit livrer des vivres, armes ou 
munitions aux rebelles ou k des pirates. Dans le cas d'une contra- 
vention le b&timent et la cargaison seront confisqu^ et le coupable 
livr^ k son Gouvememect afin qu'il soit puni selon la rigueur des lois. 

Austrian Vessels prohibited frovi visiting Territories occupied by 

RebeU. 

II est aussi defendu de visiter les territoires occup6s par les 
rvbellea. Le Gk>uvemement Austro-Uongrois saura r^primer par 

103 



9i»pl. 2. l»W.: CHINA AND AU8TRIA-HCN0ARY. .Mo.90. 

toUH les iiioyiMis TuHH^* ;ihtuiif que l*oii |H»urniit faire de mm 
pavilion. 

ARTICLE XI. 
PtiAiqutrU to AuAtrian TnirellrrH and Mf/rhaiitti. 

lius iiiitiuiiaux (le la iiioiianhie Aii.stm-Hoiigmise voyatfeant u 
rinU'rieur ]i<iur y faiit' \v (*f»iiimeroe duvnmt, coiuiiie lea sujt^ta clea 
iiutn*.s Puisiuinc(*s, se iiiiiiiir de dociuiieiits de voyagi* (jne leur di^ 
livrura riiispt'<'t<Mir des tlciiiaiied; cfiix i|ui iii* voyageiit que pour 
U'ur aj^riMiuMil si* fcroiit »lrlivrt»r un iwLssep^irl iwir le Consul, lequel 
paHsejMirt tifvm rtn* vis** jmr 1 aiit«»rit4'* l<K*ali». \a* |j*i884»88eur du 
|ia8fk*iM*rt tievra TexliiUT lorsfpion le lui deinandera. Si ie iNiAat"- 
port pHt en onln\ celui t|ui vu v»l p(».i.HettmMir |M»uira omtiuuer son 
vovH)^*, t*t on nv {Hmrra lui defendn* de prendre dea persoiinea a 
.son flervict* uu tlen liun(ue8 |N»ur le transport tie sea effeta ou de hea 
niarelmndisivs. Si, an contraire. le V(»ya^eur n a |wi< de iMiHs<*port 
o'l s'il roiniiH*t des wtes i)p|ios4*.H aux loiH, il MTa livn* an ( onsulat 
le plu.s vnisin atiii d y t*tn» puni. i 'epenilant, sauf le ca.s tie Tarrea- 
tation jup'e nt'TeH.Hiiin\ il ne \^\\i rtn* souiui^ a aucun niauvaia 
traiteinent. I-e |Mis?M»|Hirt ne sith \vtis exi^iMe |K»ur <leH excurHiona 
a line tlistunee ne depasiiant |mH 1(H) li du port ouvert an commerce 
etran^er (*t |MMir un delai de nioins de cint| jours. 

( Vt Artii'le n*a ]ms trait aux eqni|»a*^*.s {lour lesijuela, a la suite; 
«racct»nU entre 1i*h Tonsuls et Ifs autoriti*'* liK-ales. iU*s limitea par- 
liculiereH aemnt etaldies. 

1^ Tonsul lni|N'*niil et ikoyal aura Jkiin de ne delivrer <le pa^^se- 
jMirts quVi des pers4innes rea|iectuMea. 

AKTICLE XII. 

Empitrtfrnriit uf Intirjtrftrrn, «(•#•.. /#y Atinirinn StihjeriA, Sale nn^i 
pHrchoM of Austrian awi Chinese Hookn, 

11 sera |tennia aux natioiiaux de la Monarcliie Aiiatn>- 
Hoii>;n>iHe de premlro a lenr Hervi<*e tlana louiea lea parties de la 
(*bine, muyenuantune imieninite mi5M»niijihle deljattue entre lea in- 
tereaaes, «lea eommia, dea inU*rpn*tea. dea «Vhvaina, uuvriera, bate- 
lien. pfiiH d\*4|uipa^ea et dea domeatiqm^. 11a peuvent, tie meme, 
apprentin* 1«* diinois, la laii«^ie ou lea dialectadu pays.ou enaeigner 
a ces deniien lea lan^uea etrang«*rea. II sera pareillement penuia 
de veudn* des livrea imprimi^ en Autriehe-Ilfioirniie, de mi^nie que 
d*aclieter ilea livrea ChinotH. 



ARTICLE XIIL 

property of Austrian Suhjeris inriolable. 
La propriete de quelle que uation qu elle aoit ai^rteoani k 



Mo. 20.] CHINA AND AU8TW A- HUNGARY. [^^pt. 2. 1869. 

[OominTO», Jko.] 

des nationaux de rEuipire Austro-Hongrois habitant la Chine 
sera conaid^r^ par les Chinois com me inviolable et toujours re- 
iipect^ par eux. 

Embargo on Austrian Vessels /orbidcUn. 

Les autorit^s Chinoises ne peuvent. sous aucun pretexte, 
a^uestrer les batiiuents des susdits nationaux, on les employer 
par force a uue destination publique ou ))articu]i6re. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

JUmplaymeni of FUoti. 
[Same as Great Britain. No. 6. Art XXXV.] 

ARTICIaE XV. 
Custom- House &iiards on board Austrian Ships. 

Aussit6t apres Tarriv^e d'un navire inarchand, appartenant ill 
uu national Austro-Hongrois, dans un port, I'inspecteur des 
douanes, 8*il le juge k propos, enverra un ou plusieurs employes des 
douaues pour surveiller le navire et avoir soin (^u'on ne fasse pas 
la oontrebande. 

Lea frais de leur solde, de leur nourriture, et de leur entretien 
sont k la charge de I'autorit^ Chinoise et ils ne peuvent demander 
d'indemniti^ ou de recompense de quelle que nature qu'elle soit an 
capitaine ou aux consignataires. 

ARTICLE XVL 

Liability of Vessels entering Ports. 
[Same as Great Britain. No, 6. Arts. XXXVII and XXXVIII.] 

ARTICLE XVII. 

Authority reguireii to land and ship Cargoes, Liability to Cofifijtra- 

tion for Contravention. 

Toutee les fois qu'un n^ciant de la monarchie Austro- 
Hongroise aara k d^barquer on k embarquer des marchandises. il 
devra en demander la penuission k Tinspecteur des douanes. Les 
marchandises emban^u^es on d^barqu^ sans permission seront 
siyettes k la confiscation. 

ARTIOLE XVm. 

Transhipments 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XL] 

105 



St^pl. 2. 1800.] CHINA AND AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. :Mo. 20. 



[OominTO», 4^] 



ARTICLE XIX. 



Einyloymrnt of BotiU for Cimrfyntwr of Merchandise, Pajturu/ent, <fr. 
MontijHiiif furhithhn.- Cofifij^ntion oj Mtrrhandine for Fraud. 

[Similar Ui IU.'l^;iuiii. No. 2L Art. XXIX.] 

AHTICLE XX. 

Ifiifttn't and Ej'pi»ri Ihttien, MoiU^fatymred-nut ion Treat m€fU. 

lA*ii iie^<K*iaiits tie lu luoiiaix^hit* .\tiHtn>-il<»ii^n»i.se )>aien)iit les 
tiniiU (leiilrV et tit* ntirtit* tixt's {iiir les Uirifs ; luuis en auciin caH 
ils lie (levmrit payer deH prix plus t*leveH ([tie eeux tie la ruititm lu 
pliiH favciri-HtV. 

DaiiH le i!aM <»u hi Chine, avanl rexpiratitm tie ee Tmite.devrait 
Imiter (le raUiis.st*nieiit i»u tie la sun'^levation ties tarifs, le (lou- 
%'ernemeiit lm|H*rial tft Ktiyal, aitsfiitot apK*s la t*4inclusit>n tPun 
Traite th» ce p?iire, s'y aaso(:i<*ru. 

iit*s Htipulations iMiniinerciale^ jointes uu present Traite !»enmt 
et>n8iclen''eH et>nnne |iartie inte^oante <le I'e Traite et |Nir c<»n««'t|nent 
i»l>li}.nit4>in*8 |Mmr leM denx Hautes Parties Contnu'tanteH. 

ARTICLE XX!. 
Verifuiition of Amount to he levied on ad ndorem IhUitM. 

[Same vxa (treat Britain, No. 6, Art XLII.j 

ARTICLE XXII. 

Mode of Ijeryimj ad raJinrm Ihities. 

I Same an Kreat RriUin, No. 6, Art. XLIIL] 

ARTICLE XXIII. 

Reiiuction of Dutfi on Damoifed Goutts. 

[Same aA Great Britain. No. 6. Art. XLlV.l 

ARTICLE XXIV. 

Austrian I'es^ei* nut har%ntj broken Hulk, ami teariny tritktn 

AH hourit, not liable to IhUies. 

[Same an (treat Britain. No. 6. Art. XXX.j 

ARTICLE XXV. 

Receipt fi>r Paiffnrnt of Import and Export IhUies. 

[Similar to (Steal Brilain. No. 6. ArtM. XXIV. XLII. XLIII. 

X LI V.J 
luG 



McaO.] CHINA AND AUSTRIA -HUNGARY. [S«pi.2.1M0. 

ARTICLE XXVI. 
Duties to be paid in Sycee or Foreign Moneye. 
[Similar to Denmark, No. 25. Art XXXII.] 

ARTICLE XXVII. 
T(mnagelhu8. Exemptvrm, 

Les uavires uiarchands appartenant k la inonarchie Austro 
Hongroise mu^eant plus de 150 tonneaux paieront 4 marcs par 
tonneau, les bfttiments de moins de 150 tonnes 1 marc. L'^va- 
luation de ces droits aura pour ba^e la tonne Anglaise. L*in- 
specteur des douanes d^livrera au capitaine on au consignataire un 
rec^u du paiement des droits de tonnage, sur le vu duquel les 
autorit^s douani^res d'autres ports Chinois ou le capitaine jettera 
Fancre pendant 4 mois k partrr de la date de la quittance g^ndrale 
mentionnde k I'Art. XXV n'auront pas de nouveanx droits de 
tonnage k exiger. 

Les navires poss<Sd^ par les nationaux de la monarchic Austro- 
Hongroise pour le transport de passagers, de bagages, de lettres, de 
vivres on d'articles qui ne sont soumis k aucuns droits, sont libres du 
droit de tonnage. Dans le cas oi\ ces navires porteraient des mar- 
chandises soumises k des droits de Douane, ils seront plac^ dans 
la caU^rie des bfttiments coropt<^s au dessous de 150 tonneaux et 
paieront un prix de tonnage de 1 marc par tonne. 

ARTICLE XXVin. 

Transit Dues, A uMria to agru to Alterations tn Cuslofns' Duu 
which may be agreed upon with any other Foreign Pouter. 

[g§ 1 to 3, similar to Denmark, No. 26, Art. XXVII.] 

§ 4. Dans le cas oil le Gouvemement Chinois traiterait a Tavenir 
avec une autre puissance au sujet de la reduction ou de T^l^va- 
tion des droits de douanes ou au sujet d*un changemeiit dans la 
mani^n: d*en op^rer la perception, le Gouvemement Imperial et 
Royal acc^era k cette Convention d^s qu'elle aura ^t^ g^n^ndement 
aoceplee 

ARTICLE XXIX. 

Duties only leviable on portion of Cargo landed. 

[Similar to Belgium, No. 21, Art XXVI.] 



107 



Sept. 1. IMP] CHINA AND AUSTRIA-HI^NOARY. Ho. M' 



ARTICLE XXX. 

Cmdirtij Trade. Dtnttbarks, 

[Similar to Spiiin. No. 60, Art. XUV.] 



[>»nM|ue ceM pitxluitJi Chiiioin, apr^ avoir (*t^ importes d'un 
R iH>rt, .sunt reexport/*^ ilaiiH le oounint de ratings lea navirea ci- 



L 
autre |K>rt,.soiit njexport** 
deHsiiK indiquf^M recevront utie atteatatioii de la douane poor la 
n*Htituti(m des dnniH ((*ertificat8 de drawback ou Tmn piav) ; 
(*ett4; att4^tatioii n*pn'*8<*titera la iiioitie des droits pay^, aprte quoi 
retuUin|ueiiu*iit de ceH |)roduit8 lie sera pliia aouinia au droit de 
Hortie ; il y aura, tieaiiuioina, a payer la iiiuitie du droit de cabotage 
dans le |)ort de d(*barquemeut 

ARTICLE XXXI. 

Rr^.tjt*frtatum of Ihiti/'paid Gomis. Drawbaeht. Atisiria to agrte 
fo nlUratxonA rtttperiing Dravfhaekt wkith maif he agreed upcm 
icith any other Foreign Power. 

[^ 1 and 2 hiuiiUr to Denmark, No. 26. Art. XLV, §§ 1 and 2.] 

§ .'{. A 111 place di* cen billets uu drawl nicks i»n pourra obtenir 
une t»ennisHi(>n de dt'barquer, naim payer de dn>ils de douane des 
luanliaiidiHeA {MuH-Srhae-tan) |Niur un autre port I'binoia. Lea 
lAtimenta Hp|Nirtenant a la nionarcbic AuAtro-Hongroise, cliaigea 
de cervab»i* «lnin^;«Tfn. i>ouvent les exporter 8an> |jayer de droits, 
t4»ute.H les t'ois <|u'ils n out \m» vendu une partie de leur cargaison. 

§ 4. Si, a lavenir, le ( touvememiuit Cbinoit* venait k traiter 
avec une autre puissantt' au sujet de la durtV iiendant laquelle oes 
billets de restitution de ilroits ])euvent etre d^iivrda (en comptant 
du moment ou le rharf>ement des marchandises a en lieu) le 
(Htuvrniement Imix^rial et Ko}'al se rduuira aux Conventions k 
inU*r\'enir d^s qu'eiles auront et^ accept^ en general 

ABTICLK XXXII. 

Sinndard Wetghin and MfontrtM to he depotiied at §aeh CanguUtie. 
[Similar to Denmark, No. 25, Art. XXXIIL] 

ARTICLE XXXIII. 

Atl FmfM and Con/sratians to belong to the Ckinem Oovemmieni. 

[Similar to (;reat Rntain. No. 6, Art. XLIX.] 



108 



1I9.90.] CailNA AND AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. [fitept. 2, 1869. 



ARTICLE XXXIV. 

Liberty to Audrian Ships of War to vigit Chinese Ports for Peaceful 
Purposes and in Pursuit of Pirates. Exemption from Duties, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. LIL] 

ARTICLE XXXV. 

Wrecke, ^, Assistance to Crew and Recovery of Cargo. 

Si un navire marchand Austro-Hon^^is venait ^ un moment 
donn^ & faire naufrage sur le8 cotes de Chine ou ^ se voir oblig^ k 
chercher un refuge dans Tun des ports du domaine de TEmpire de 
la Chine, les autorit^ Chinoises, aussitot instmites de cet ^v^ne* 
ment prendront des mesures pour sauver et mettre en sdret^ ce 
navire ; les personnes se trouvant h, bord seront bien trait^es, et, si 
le cas se pr^seute, on leur procurera les moyens de continuer leur 
voyage jusqu'^ la station Consulaire la plus rapproch^ 

ARTICLE XXXVL 

Surrender of Austrian Seamen Deserters, and others. Surrender of 

Chiiuse Deserters and Criminals. 

[Similar to Si)aiu, No. 60, Art XVI II.] 

ARTICLE XXXVII. 

Pursuit of Pirates. Punishment for Neglect of Duty. 

[SiniUar to Denmark, No. 25, Art. XIX.] 

ARTICLE XXXVIII. 

Disputes between Austrian Subjects and Chinese. Consular 

Jurisdiction. 

[SimUar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art XVIL] 

ARTICLE XXXIX. 

Administration of Justice in Cases of Crimes hy Chinese. Consular 
Jurisdiction in Cases of Crimes by Austrian Subjects. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 2S. Art XVI, §§ 1 and 2.] 

ARTICLE XL. 

Austrian Jurisdiction over Austrian Subjects. Non-interference of 
Chinese Authorities in Differences between Austrians and 
Foreigners. 

[Similar to Denmark, No. 26, Art XV.] 

109 



«e|it. 2. 1M9 : CHINA AND AUfmUA-mTNGARY. THo. 20. 

ARTICLE XLI. 
Protection, to Austrian Subjects and Property. 

lipfl autorit/s (/hinoises HSMim*n>nt en tout tenii^s la prutectiun la 
pluH eiitiore aux {lersuiines et a la propriety* deit nationaux do la 
iiioiiarciiie Autriehietiiic Hurt^nit uanH len ca8 on elles aeraient 
meiiaceeH on attiM|U<k>8. 

I>ati8 les ca8 de tueurtn.\ de vol ct d'iuoendie, lea autorit^ 
locales pretidrout les ineHures les pluH proprea ))our rentrer eu 
possession des ol>jetM voU^, niettre fin au d^sonlre et arr^ter lea 
c(»upaM»4, i|ui H4Totit pnnis d'apriXs la loi. Si rautorittS locale ne 
{Nirvenait |ma a artvtc^r h^ cou|iahles, le (ronvemenient (.'hinoia ne 
mrw t^Miu de founiir d autre coni|iensation, si ce n'est la punition 
de ixfs t'i>iictionnaire8 daprt's les lois (Jliinoifteii. (Sec lienniark, 
No.26. Art. XVIII.) 

AKTICLE XLI I. 

Austrian awf Chinese Prnuduieni Debtors, 

[Similar to Denmark. No. 26. Art XXII. ] 

AKTK'LE XUII. 

Mn^t -fn i^w rftt^iuttum TrffttmnU to Austrian frin'ernmrMt, Suhjerts, 

and Commerre. 

La nionarcliie Au8tn>*Hon^H8e, ainsi i|ue sea nationaux, 
juuiront pleinenient t*t ention*meut de tou.s leH privileged, lil^ert^ 
et HvantapHi ipie Sa Maji*»te ri*Iiu|iereur de (Miine accorde ou lu*- 
eonlera au (rouvernem«*nt on aux sujeU* (Fune autre nation. 

T«>UH li*s (*liaiu^!ni(*nts daii*« le tarif ou dauH lea stipulations sur 
les douanes, les droita de tonnage ou de |iavillon. d'entn*e,de sortie 
et de traiimt. ni«*nie ceux ipii seraient augment^, aeront a]>plicaldeii 
Hux negoi'ianta et aux naviguteuns Autricliiens-Hongrois des (|U*ils 
aunmt et/* g<*iii'*ralement acceptea. 

I>e mthne le« sujetM <*hinoii« senint trait^-a sur le territoire de la 
nionan'hie AustnH-Hongrois«; iMiuime le« sujets de la nation la ]dus 
favorisee. 

ARTICLE XLIV. 

Herman of Tariff and Trwty afitr Ten Years, \f rsquired. 

II a et4'* convenu ijue cliacune des Hautea I^artiea (/ontractantea 
aura It* droit. apri'S 10 ans n*voluM. de demander la rt«vision dt. 
tarif et celle deK Articles qui out tniit au a>mmerce. Mais si, dans 
lea 6 mois qui suivront cette doniande la n/vision u*a {mlh eu lieu, 
le tarif restera en vigueur pendant 10 nouvelles ann<^ k partir de 
cette 4pnaue et aera observe a|»n's Texpiration de chacune des 10 
p^riodea de 1 ann^ea. 

no 



Ho. 21J CHINA AND BELGIUM* [Nor. 2, 180S. 

Mais si arant I'expiration des 10 premieres ann^a on concluait 
line revision des tarifs avec Tune dcs puissances li^es par lea 
Trait<^8 avec la Chine, les avanta^es qu'elle obtiendrait seront 
anssitot accordds au Gouvememeut de Sa Majeste Imp^riale et 
Itoyole Apostolique. 

ARTICLE XLV. 

liatijications, 

Les ratifications de ce Traitc auront lieu dans Tespace d'une 
annue k compter du jour de la signature, k Shanghai ou k Tient- 
sin. 

En foi de quoi las Pldnipotenti aires respectifs ont sign^ le pre- 
sent Traite et Tout scellti de leur sceau. 

Fait k P<5kin en 4 expeditions le 26me jour de Septembre de 
raniu'e 1889 de I'^re chretienne, c'est k dire le 25^me jour du 
septieiue mois de la seizieme annee du regne de S. M. Tung-Chih. 

(LS.) BARON DE PETZ. 

Contre-Amiral. 
(LS.) TUNG-SUN. 
(L8.) CHUNG-HOU. 

[Here follow the Tariff of Imports and Exports and Commercial 

Regulations.] 



(No. 21.) TREATY of Friendship, Commercf,, and Navigation 
Mwftn Belgium and China. — Signed at Peking, 2nd November 
1 865.* 

[Ratifications exchanged at Shanghai, 27th October, 1866. 

ARTICLE I. 

Peace ami Friendship, Protection of Persons and Property 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art I.] 

ARTICLE IL 

Appmntnienl of Diplomatic Agents, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. II ] 

ARTICLE TIL 

Bights and Privileges of Bchjinn Diplomatic Agents in China. 

Sereants, ^r. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art. III.] 

• [8. P., Tol. M, p. 667.] Belguu) fubje^i were Kr»nt<Hi permiMion to trade 
wiUi China hj an Imperial letter, da t«Ml 2ioth Jtilv, 1H45, which it ^oniet i in es all tided 
to •• an Arrangenieui between the two eounlriet, hut it did not aeaume the form of 
aTnratj. 

Ill 1 




yvv2. is:.', CUINA AXT> BELGIUM. [Ho. 21. 

[Commerce, Ac] 

ARTICLE IV. 

LiUriy of Belgian Representativt. Travel and Carregpondene€» 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art IV.] 

ARTICLE V. 

Tranioetum of Biuiness Utwc^n Btlglan Representative and Chintm 

Government. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art V.] 

ARTICLE VI. 

Privileges of Chinese Diplomaiic Agents in Belgium. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. VL] 

ARTICLE VIL 

jippmntment ff BAgian Coi^suh. Most-favoured-nation Treatm^ni, 
Rank, 4*'-- Con^vlar Duties mag be performed hy Consul of 
a friendly Povrer. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. VIL] 

ly^rs-iue le G'^mverneiiient Bcl^'e ne jugera pas necessaire de 
n'^iiimer un Consul dans un |»urt i^uvert au commerce, il pourra 
c«j..:ier les fonctions Consulaires Beiges daus ce port au Consul 
u*uiie puissance amie. 

ARTICLE VIIL 
Language to he employ*:d in Official Communications. 

Ijes communications otficielles des Agents Diplomatiques et 
r.'oiisulaires Beiges avec les autoriics Chinoises seront ^crites eD 
l-'aiiijais et seront acoompaguees d'une traduction Chinoise. Les 
ounimunications oflicielles des autorites Chinoises avec les Agents 
liiploiiiatiques et Consulaires Beiges seront ecrites en Chinois. 
11 est expressoment entendii que, en cas de dissidence dans Tinter- 
pretation a donner au texte Franqais et au texte Chinois, les 
autorites Beiges aussi bien que les autoritt^'S Chinoises prendront 
ci.acune leur propre texte comme le texte exact 

Cette regie s appliquera egalement au present Trait^J dout la 
traduction Chinoise a ete rendue soigneusement conforme au texte 
original Frauqais. 

ARTICLE IX. 

OJieial Correspondence between the Belgian and Chinese Authorities 

and Fn net iona ries, 

[Similar to France, No. 27, Art. IV.] 

112 



No. 2L] CHJNA AND BELGIUM. [Nor. 2 1805 

[^Oomm«ro«, Ao«] 

ARTICLE X. 

Passports to Btlyian Travellers and Merchants. 

En cas de perte de ce passeport, lo Beige qui ne pourra pas 1e 
pn'siMiter, lorsiju'il en sera requis l(?^'alenient, devm, si rautorito 
('hiuoise du lien oi il se trouve se refuse k lui douner un perniis de 
si^jour, p<nir lui laisser le temps de tleniander un autre pnsseport au 
Consul, etre recontluit avec. toute st^cuiiU^ au Consulat le plus voisin, 
sans qu'il soit perniis de la nialtraiter ni de I'insulter en aucune 
maniere. II en serade nienie dans le cas oii un Beige aurait commifl 
quel([ue attentat contre les lois. 

Ij09 Beiges pourront circuler sans passeport dans le voisinago 
des fx^rts ouvert.s au connnerce (?tranger jusqu'i une disUmce n ex- 
ceilant pas cent lis et pour un tenips (pii ne depassera pas 5 jours. 

Ijos dispositions qui pivoWent ne seront pas applicaMes aux 
equijiages des navires. Quand des niatelots descendront h terre, 
ils 8t»ront souniis A de^ r^glenients de discipline qui seront arret^s 
par le Consul et les autorites locales. 

lies agents l^lges en Chine ne ddlivreront pas de passeports k 
leurs nationaux pour les lieux ou des rel)elle3 seraient etaldis dans 
le moment oi ces passeports seront deniandc^s. 

Ces passejiorts ne seront dt^livn's par les Agents Beiges qu'aux 
personnes qui leur offrirout toutes les garanties dtSsirables. 

ARTICLE XL 

Pfrhiis^ion to Belgian Subjeds to Trade, <Jr., in PorU and Tmtms of 
Canton, Swatou\ Anuyy, Foochvu\ Xingpo, ShnngJuii, Nanking 
Chinkiang, K\vkiang,ami Hankow on (he Piver Vamjtze, C/ie/oo, 
Tientsin, Ninehvang, Tam-sui, and Taixcanfoo {Formosa), and 
Kiungchmo {Hainan), 

I>^s Beiges et leurs families ]>ourront se transporter, setablir 
rt se livrer au commerce ou k rimlustrie en toute s('curit<5 et sans 
entruve d'aucune esjiive, dans les jwirts et villes de Canton, Swatow 
Ani«>v, Foochow, Ning]>o, Sliangliai, Nanking, Chinkiang, Kiu- 
kiang et Hankow, sur le fleuve Yangtze* — Cliefoo, Tient.sin, Xiu 
chuant: — Tamsui et Taiwanfoo, dans Tilede Formose,et Kiungchow 
dans rtle de Hainan. 

ARTICLE XI L 

Pent and Purchase of Land for building Houses, Warehouses, 
Churches, Hnspifah, S<'hfK)ls, and Burial-grounds, 

Tout B«*lge qui, crmfornu'ment aux stipulations de 1* Article 
pn'ct'dent, arriveni dans Tun des jM>rt.s ou verts au commeice ('tnu'g»T, 
ponrra, quelle* que soit la durL-e tie son pc'jour, y lt)uer <le.s mnisons 
et des magasins j^nir dt'p'^ser scs manhandis* s, ou bien a!Ver»uer 
des terrains et y b&tir lui-meme des maisons et des magM^iuM. Li*s 

113 I 2 



Nar. 2 lia'>] CHINA AND BSLJIUM. [Mo. SL 

[Comm«rc«, fto.] 

lUiIgea pourroiit, do la ineine matiierc, I'taMir des ^glises, des 
ho]»itaux, des liospioes, des tMiih»s et des ciineti^rea. Le cat 
<Soht^;inl, riiutorit<S locale, apivs s'rtre concertee avec le (^onsul, 
dosi^nera k*?* <|uuriifnj k*.s plus cMmvemiMcs pour l.i residence des 
J<elm*3 et IfS eiidroits d;iu:i les[Uols jumrnuit avoir lieu lei con- 
siruotlon.s pn'TJtrt^s. 

I^» prix tie-* loyt-rs ct di*8 frriiM.i;**^ ser.i lilireinent del»attu entre 
li'S parties intca*sHt*es, et n'..:!'*, auiaut «[ue faire se pourra, con- 
funnement a la ninyeiine ili*> pri\ Io;aux. 

Ii4*H autnrit«'.s <.'hiiioi'?«'St'iiip»M*hrn>ui leurs nationaux do surfaire 
Oil d*exiger il»-< prix ex«»rhitani**. et le r msul veilleni, de son c6u5, 
k re 4Ue les IWli^es irus»*nt d'.i'i'aiie c lUtralute pour forcer le cun- 
bi^ntenieut des proprietaires C*iiiiiois. 

AKTK LE XIII. 

Ktnploymtnt of Inf*'rpr^ti r^, dr., hy B*ljian Suhjt'ctf. Soli and 

Pa rch 'lik' of lUlfutn ami ( V* / n (M B* tots. 

[Similar iu (lenuany, No. 35, Art. IX.] 

AIJTICLK XiV. 

Pmpfrty of Ikl'jini SKhJ^rtH inri.^vlf, Emhunju on Behjxan VeaelM 

Jfrhiilthn. 

[Same as Austria-Hungary. No. 20, Art. XIII.] 

ai:ti<lk XV. 

Frtahnn nf ( 7< rist inn Rtlijion, 
[Same a.i Franr... No. 27. Art. XIII.] 

AKTK LE XVL 

DLipitn Utii^en Ikljian Suhj^rt^ mid Chimu. Consular Inter^ 

cinfifm. 

[Same as Oreal Driiain. No. 6. Art. XVII] 

AIITK'LE XVIL 

/ Vi »t^rf im\ I f P* r.<it 'Its a,, J P/'"j'*rff/ cf Rr '7 r*/ / n Suhjtds, 
[Same a.s IVnmaik, No. 25. Art. XVIIL] 

AI:TI< LK XVIIL 

[S.11U.- r^ iMuii.irk. No. 25. Art XXll.] 

114 



No. 21.] CHINA AND BKLGIUM. [Nor. 2, 1«65. 

[Commerctty Ao*] 

ARTICLE XIX. 

AdminislrcUion of Justice in cases of Crimes by Chirust, Belgian 
Consular Jurisilidion in case of Crimes committed by Belgian 
Subjects. • 

Les sujeta Cliinois qui se rendraient conpables d'une action 
criminelle envers uii Bel<,'e seroiit arret<5s paries autorit<Js Chlnoisea 
et puuis suivant les lois de la Chine. 

Ijis sujets Beiges qui commettraient un crime envers un sujet 
Chinois seront anetes a la diligence du Consul, et celui-ci prendra 
toutes les niesures nt5cessaires pour que les pr^venus soient livr^s 
k Taction nSguliire des lois Beiges, dans la forme et suivant lea 
dispositions qui seront ulterieurement dtJtermin^s par le Gouverne- 
nient Beige. 

II en sera de m5me dans toutes les circonstances non pr<5vues 
dans la prt'sente Convention, le principe (5tant que, pour la re- 
pression des crimes et d(^lits, commis par eux en Chine, les Belgoa 
seront constaniment nJgis par les lois lk*lges. 

Le Gouvemeraent Chinois veillera de son cflt<5 k la rdpression 
des crimes et di$lits commis par des Chinois envers des Beiges. 

I^ justice sera rendue dquitablemeut et impartialement da part 
et d'autre. 

ARTICLE XX. 

Belgian Jitrisdiction over Belgian Subjects. Non-interference of 
Chinese Authi/riiu'ii between Belgians and Foreigners, 

Les Iklges en Chine d(5pendront 6galement, pour toutes les 
difficult45s ou les contestations (jui |)ourraient s elever entre eux, de 
la juridiction lUilge. En cas de diiKcultt^s survenues entre Beiges 
et etraugers, TautoriUS Chinoise u aura point k s*en meler. 

ARTICLE XXL 

Belgian Vessels fru to visit Ports open to Trade, but liable to Con- 
fiscation if trading with Ports not open to Trade, 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art XLVIL] 

ARTICLE XXII. 
Employment of Pilots, 
[Same aa Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXXV.] 

ARTICLE XXIIL 
Custom-House Guards on board Belgian Ships. 

[Same aa Great Britain. No. 6, Art XXXVL] 

115 



Nut. 2. 19G6.] CniXA AND BELUIIM [Mo. 21. 

[Oommarc«, ftc] 

AUTK'I.K XXIV. 
Linhility of Vessels tnUrinfj Port, SJtijf's PajHit, 

[Same a.H (Jn-at nritain. No. 6. Artfi. XXXVII aihl XXXVIII, 
exr«'|»t iliat " dollar-* UM» *»ulistitut«<l, as in the Fruucli Treaty, for 
taels, iu the amount of line prt*.siTilK.'<l.] 

AUTICLE XXV. 

Tonnage Dues. B^hi'in Vfs.<fh imt hnring broken hulk, and Uaring 

within 4H hours, not luiUc to Duties. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXX.] 

AKTKXE XXVI. 

Customs Duties only leritihU on jKtrtion of Cargo hmded. 

Tout navire IWL'e <-ntn^ dans Tun des jNirtH ouverts au com- 
nn-rctf clran;.^iT, ft 'jui vnudni n'y dt rliarj^rr «|u'une pirtir d»? sa 
rai;:ais«»n, im* jMyrra Irs droits di* Pnuane ^ue jn.ur la partii* tle- 
I»iin|Ure. II jMMirni Iran-^jHirtrr K* wsu* ili» sii car^aisou dans uu 
nutre i>ort, Yy vendre et y lu^uittt^-i lea dnau. 

ARTICLE XXVII. 

Tra nS'sh ipmrnts. 
[Same as CIreat lUitain, No. 6, Art. XL] 

ARTirLK XXVIIL 

Authority required to lon^f autl nhip C*trj' e.%. Liability nf Cuti' 

trah»\nd (JtHMU tu CunjisLatwn. 

[Same as Great P.rilain, No. 6. Art. XXXIX.J 

AKTULE XXIX. 

Empliymtnt of lU'*^ts fvr c»*nv* y^in^e of Mtrrhatufist^ Passe ti*/ers, i^x, 
SIvrnqK^lij ffrUtlifen. t \'nji.*f''i 1 1- /« if Mtrihn «//i«- fur Fra uiL 

Les oai»iiaint» «*t n»'i:'»<'iaiits li^l^^fs |'<»urn>nt iMtier telles 
esii'Ccs d*allv;^f-"» ft d\ nd an'ali«ii-< \\n\\ l-wr j-Ldm jK>ur trans- 
|H»rter drs malt haudisi s et d* -* |';i>s:i;;».rH, tt la rttri! utif»n ii j»aver 
[H.nr «vs all/u'rs st ra ri>d« i- A*- u'r*- a l'm* jar K*s i»artifs ini«'res>tV»s, 
hans riiit<r\« uii'-n th* Taul'^ntv chin'SM;, Ix; n^^nd-re nVn Kra 
yAH linutv, et le iii<>ii"|«»le n'en ]^'i:iTa ttn» t"n«v«It^ a qui nu«' w ^lit, 
imn plus <4ue celui du Inin-jH.ri jar |K«rt* faix i!t'> man liaiidi-fS k 
embar^uer ou k dclxirqunr. Kn i a:i de Iraude daii« luHiit«.<i uUeires 

116 ^ 



Mo. 21.] CHIN\ AND BBLOIUM. [Nov. 2, 1»65. 

[Commaroa, fto.] 

lea tnarchandises que Ton aura voulu frauder seront passiblea de 
confiscation. 

AKTICLE XXX. 

Import and Export Duties. Mode of kri/inf] ad valorem Dutiea. 

Induction of Duty on Daiaagal Goods, 

[§ 1. Same as Great Britiiin, No. 6, Art. XXIV.] 
S 2. Same as Great Hritain, No. 6, Art. XLlI.l 
§ 3. Same as Great Ikituin, No. 6, Ail. XLIII.j 
^§ 4. Same as Great BriUiiu, No. 6, Art. XLIV.J 

ARTICr^ XXXI. 

Imports and Ex}yorts. licceipts on payment of Tonnage and 

Customs Dues, 

Les droits d'importation seront acquitt^^s lors du dubarque- 
ment des marchandises, et les droits d exjxirtation lors de leur 
eml>arquement. 

Lorsque les droits de tonnap;e et de douane dus par le bdtiment 
et la cargaison auront ("te intc^alement acqnittes, le chef de la 
douane d^livrera une quittance g^nerale, sur I'exhibition de laquelle 
TAgent Consulaire rendra ses papiers de bord au capitaine et lui 
permettra de mettre k la voile. 

ARTICLE XXXII. 
Tonnaye Dues, Ejcemj^tions, 

Tout b&timent de commerce Beige jaugeant plus de 150 ton- 
neaux payera les droits de tonnage h rajson de 4 maces partonneaU", 
et tout navire jaugeimt 150 tonueaux et inoins payera k niison d'un 
mace par tonneau. 

Lors du payement du droit pr(5cil^, le chef de la douane d(^- 
livrera au capitaine ou au consignataire un certificat, sur I'exliibitiou 
duquel aux autorit<5s douanieres de tout autre jMirt Chinois oii il 
couviendrait au capitaine de ae rendre, on ne lui dcmandera plus 
<le dniits de tonnage durant 4 mois, a partir de la dale de la quit- 
tance g<5nt^rale mentionnce i\ I'Article XX XL 

Sont exemptes des droits de tonnage les embarcations era- 
ploy^fes par les Beiges au trans[K)rt ties passagers, bagages, lettres, 
comestibles et de tons objet^ non sujuts aux droits. Si les dites 
embarcations transpfirtaient, en outre, des marchandi.«?es sujettes 
aux droits, elles resteraient dans la categoric des navires jaugeant 
moins de 150 tonneaux et payeraieut tons les 4 mois uu droit de 
tonnage d'un nuice par tonneau. 

ARTICLE XXXIIL 
Transit Duts, 

Les Beiges qui voudront ex|H'dier des produits de rint^^rieur de 

117 



Nor. 2, XHtJ, ] CUINA AND BEI.OIUM. [Ho. 2L 

[Commerc*, ftc] 

la C'hiiie «\ run dcsos ports, nu dcs luiirchaiuli^s (i'iin|>ortaiion (Vuii 
lM»rt vrrs uii iiiarchi; dv Tiiiti i i« nr, aunjnt K* cli«ax tlV*!! acipiitter 
K*s droits lie transit par un st-ul paycinnit |»im<;u <li» l.i inanirni 
jirosiiiie par Ic K-^^'loiui'nt VII du larif anntxc au j^rOseiit 
Traill*. 

Ia» nioiitant do ('♦' dn»it uniquo s«'ni de la inojtic Jcs droits &x6s 
par \v tarif, a lVx«-«*|»tion drs inari-handisi's liliies ;\ Fcntn'o et h, la 
8<»rtie, dont le droit d«» transit HVlevira a 1!J jMair cent tul ralorem, 
conforni«'ni«'iil au nVd*'nient II du taiif joint au pnrsent TraiUL 

U est particulirn'iiuMit etitdidu quv \r pawinent des droits tie 
transit n*aHert*»M m rim Its droit;^ dVntn'-e ut du sortie du tarif, 
qui senmt |n»n;us in i-nticr tt scpar^nient. 

AKTK'LE XXXIV. 

CiHiMityj Ti'iuli. Druu'huks. 

Les na vires Htd^en {M»urn»nt trans|Mirtcr des protluits Cliinois 
de Tun a Tautn,* d*'!i ^>^^^t^ ouvrrts an roinnu'ne ctran;{c*r, en |iayant 
au |H)rt dVthi>ai{UfMit'nt les droit<i di* soitie tixi;s par K* taiif t*t k 
celui de tl. ImnpuMiimt h-s ilroits de t'aiH>t<^;e t|ui K'n»nt de la 
inoitie di\siiiu dioits de sMirtir. Si des pnKJuiu Illinois, apres 
avoir ijti* lrandp<)il«''S d'un )Hiit a un autu*. S4»nt nV-\|Hiri.c!» |H>ur le 
ctMimu'ree d** caUita^^t- cndiaii^ un icrnie de lli niois. ilH recoviont 
un certilieat du dia\\l«a«k p«»iir lr«» droits du tal«»ta^'i' et ne j»ayiT**nt 
plus les droits de MMtit*. Mai.s iN jmyeront ile nouveau au |K>rt de 
dOluirt^ucnu'iit les druits de caUita^e t<|uivalant tk la uiuilie des 
droits de sortie. 

ALTh I.K XXXV. 
Re 'exportation of />if/y-;»n// ^'. *"/.<. I h-awUi^kg, 

Ihuis le ras uu de.s m^o* iant> rH'I;:es, apivs avoir uO|uitt45 dans 
un |N»rt ('Iiinoi.s les dioit.n .^ur de.s nt.m Itandi.*-'! s iniiM'rti'rs, 
voudraient le* recxiMirti-r. il> en pn'vi»iidraifnt l** rlnl de la 
douaiie, atin tie faire con<tat«T par rclui-ci I'idi ntitu de la mar- 
cliandise et I'inti^rit*' Av:> toll'*. Si, 1*11 i-MiujMrant K-.n manliandiM'S 
avec la diMlarati«»ii. on il-'. ..u\iail d«' la ti audi*, lea marvliandides 
pas.s«'es i-n frau«lr ^-laii -nt pa->iMt"» dr r<iitiMati »n. 

I^ v«-riti'Mtioii a\ant %-\\ li»n, li» i»« 'pT'^iianl Inlp* un reex|M>rtant 
les niarclian« !:.'«•> i'tiui.;;i i«s |i ur un pa\a rtninirer ou |*our un 
[M.rt <'lini««i.s. iiMt;\ra du < li* t d** la douaiu- un ri'itijiiat de draw- 
t*a(-k c(|ui\alaiit au ni«>i.taht d« b dioit<> d«ja payes sur ccs 
Uiarehand>«s. 

Si <!♦ s pr 'duit-i rhiiii-js si.ut r.*« xj-«'il«'s j^iur un y**TX i'tranp«T 
end« an.** I*-^ \'l iii'-i'*. !•• ji»\:«*ii.int ou h- K apitain** V**V^v. aura dr«iit 

a un «<lMI;«at •!• -ilawKnk {--ur lea dlolla dc caUila^u, paVi a i>ur 
les UirUiifs pp'tiuils. 

Les certitioats de 'Irawliack si>ront re^us par la dooine du port 

lib 



Ho.aL] CHINA AND BELGIUM. [Nor. 2, 1866, 

[Commerce, fto.] 

qui les a ddlivrea pour leur valeiir enti^re conime de I'argent 
coinptaiit en jMiyeiuent de tuns droits d'eiilrt'C uu de sortie. 

Ims C4:reales etnuigerea appurtees pur un navire Belgj daiis un 
port de la Cliiue iK)urront, si aucune partie uen a ^te d«ibarqu(5e, 
etre reexporteed saiis aucune eutrave. 



ARTICLE XXXVr. 

Standard Weii^hts and Measures to he deposited at each Consulate. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XX XIV.] 

ARTICLE XXXVIL 

Payment of Duties to autJvormd Bunkers. Payment to he made in 

Foreign Money or Sycee, 

Le chef de la douane d«?signera une ou plusieurs maisons de 
change qui seront autoris6e3 i recevoir Ics droits dus i>our le 
conipte du Gouvemement. Les i*ect' pisses de ces maisons de 
change seront reputes dc^livn's par le Gouvernement Chinois. Les 
payeuients i>ourront 8'o|)ercr en lingots ou en nionnaies etrang6res, 
dont le mpport avec I'argent syce sera ddtenninc?, suivant les 
circonstances, de commun accord* entre I'Agont Consulaire Delge et 
le chef de la douane. 

ARTICLE XXXVIII. 

Seizure of Contrahand Goods on hourd BeUjian Vessels. Entrance of 

Belgian Vessels liahle to he Interdicted. 

Si, contre toute attento, un navire Beige s occupait de contre- 
bande, les marchandises, (juelles ([ue soient leur valeur et leur 
nature, seront saisies par les autorites I'hinoises, et I'entree de 
Chine [Kiurra etre interdite au hatinient cjui sera contraiut do 
{Hirtir aussitot apres Tapuratiou de ses coniptes. 

ARTICIJ; XXXIX 

Preventions against Smuggling and Frauds 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XLVL] 

ARTICLE XL 
AU Finu and Confiscaiions to belong to Chinese Government. 

[Same a« Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XLIX.] 

119 



Not. 2. INOV] CIJINA AND nKLOUM. [Mo. 21. 

■^Commerce, ftc.^ 

Airrici-E XLi. 

Bt'hjian Visscls of War fnf to visit Ckineu Port*. Extwj^iion from 

Dutus, 

[Same aa (>riMt KritJiin, No. 6, Art. LII, with the following 
adilitioii : "ctlcs batiiiicutd struiit exeinpta de touto cdpircc 

d'lllllKJtS.] 

ai:ticlk XLI I. 

Wrecks, <J*r. Asi>u\ttinct' ^' Crew *inil recovery of Cargo, 

Si un navin* tier rniniurrce T.i-Il'o t'lait oniitniint, i»ar suite 
d'avarii'S ou jHnir »l'iiiiiri"i rau^«s. «!«• rh«-ri*lier n-fuLii' ilans un jM»it, 
il iMiurni I'litnT «lan.s i«n;l j«'«rl rhiii«»i«* saiia i*\<*«']*tii»ti, hjiiih Otre 

HUJt't aU I'SlM'IIMlll »li'S ill«.;!s i!«' tillliaLTf. 1 »«• luriiu*. il \\\ 

aura pnint df iliMJt il«' ili>u.iiii- .i ariuitt**! >\\v 1i*h niari-|iaiii|iM*8 «|u'il 
aura a Inu»1, jhimi\u «|U«' < • llt> • i in* .-«'i»-ijt «l**i hai;:« «•-* «|ua caust* <le 
la n'paiati»»ii ilu i»a\ii»-«! «|ii'«lli «« r» -^itiit ^"U-- la >urvriIlau<'(Mlu chef 
til- la linuaiit*. Si u;i trl iia\ii«' \« ii.ut a «' lioiui <Mi a m* ]>i'nln\ Irs 
aulnriti's ( 'liiipiinrs |»n*ntiiaif':ii -iii-li-i haiii|» ili'> nu*>un"* |Niur le 
8;iuvfla;;i* «!*• l\«juipa;^r i-t la ]•!/>« r\aM«'n «iu iia\in* ft «h* s;i car- 
pii<nii. LV'«juii»au«- >au\i* >»ia Uii-n tiaitf «l. i-ii las dc lK\st»iii, 
jHiurvu Je xauyviii \^\\x vlxxwkix a la >ta:ii'n Cuu.sulaire la plus 
proc'he. 

AKTICLK XI.III. 

SurraiiUr of B*ljian S^'tm^n Ik,<'rt* t\<, aivl tthrg. Surrender of 

Chi/t'ik' l^'^ r(*r\ ati'l Cnitiihals. 

[Same as Fram •, No, 27. Art. XXXII ] 
AKTiri.K XLIV. 

Pu rsu tt ifPi rates, I *u n t.^mujit ft ^r Xty hrf tf tlu /y, 
[Sana* as I>enmaik. No. 25, An. XI X.J 

AKTICLE XI,V. 

AfList -fa vtfurol-nat U'n Tr* otmtnf r.-^f. mil < -n /Sefgian Suhjtcts and 

( \anr.i* re*-, 

[S;imo as F'mncf. No. 27. Art. IX ] 

AKTK'LE XLVI. 
RrriMim of Treaty nft^r lOyr/ir«, if r*qM\rfd, 

(Same as Framv. No. 27. Art XL. •I..wn to " r.itifiiation^." Tlic 
rcuiaiiidcr saiut- it^ ttnat llntain. No. 6, Art. XXVIL] 



Mo. 22.] CHINA AND BRAZIL. [Oct. 3. J 881. 

[Oomxnaroa, ftc] 

ARTICLE XLVIL 

Ratifications, 

liCS ratifications du pr^^sent Trait^ d'Amiti^, de Commerce 
et de Navigation, reapectivement fligni^^ea par Sa Majesty le 
Roi des Beiges et j>ar Sa Majest45 I'Empereur de la Chine, sei*ont 
echang^es k Shanghai dans le delai d'un an ou plus tot si faire se 
pent 

En foi de quoi les PltSnipoteutiaires respectifs I'ont signd et y 
ont appos^ leurs sceaux. 

Fait en 4 expeditions k Pekin, le 2 Novembre, 1865. 
(LS.) Augusts TKikt. 

(L.S.) TOIIXG-SIUN. 
(LS) CHUNG-HOW. 

Le Pl^nipotentiaire de Belgique et ceux de rEmjnre Chinois 
qui ont sign^ aujourd'hui un Traitu d'Aiiutit', de Comniercc et de 
Navigation entre les deux pays, sont convenus (hi Tarif des droits 
cKentree et des droits de sortie (jui suit, et des r^glements com- 
nierciaux qui le terniinent, comme annexe et complement audit 
Trait*:-. 

En cons^([uence, ce Tarif et ces Kt^glements auront la m6me 
force et valeur que s'ils tJtaient insures mot k mot dans le Tiuitc. 

[Here follow the Tariff and Commercial Regulations, the same as 
appended to the British Treaty, No. 6, with the modifications 
made therein in 1862.] 



(No. 22.) TREATY of Friirnhhip, Comtnerce, and NaHgation, 
btixcten Brazil and China. Siyned at Ticn-tsin, *6rd October^ 
1881.* 

[Ratifications exchanged at Shanghae, 3rd June, 1882.] 

ARTICLE L 

Pe€ic€ and Friendship, rrotcction of Per sons and Property. 

II y aura paix perpetuelle et amitie constante entre ITimpire 
du Bn'sil et I'Empire de Chine, uin^i qu'entre leurs sujet« 
respectifs. Ceux-ci pourront se rendre lihi^ment dans les fitats 
respectifs des Hautes Parlies Conlractantes et y resider. lis y 
obtiendront pleine et entiere protection pour leurs personnes, 
leurs families, et leurs propri(^t<-s, et jouimnt de tons les droits, 
avantagcs, et privileges concedes aux sujeta de la nation la plus 
favoris<6e. 

• StAU Papon. Vol. 71. Page 560. 

121 



CKt. 3. lijbl ] 



CHINA AND r>I<AZIL. 
i^Coxnuorce, ftc.j 

AKTICLK II. 



[Mo. 22. 



Ai'p*'in(nunt t/ Ihjtluituitic Agents, 

Afin <1<» f;irilii»-r i riivmir 1«*h n'latiinis aiiiiralfH ontro K»s 
doux Ktats, Sa Majr^U' rKin|»«Ti*nr <lu Hn'sil {M>nrra, 8*il Iv jnj;o 
coiiVfiuiMt*, iininiiier un A;4fiil l>ij»lMiuati<jUf |»^^^^ la (\»ur tit* IVkin, 
et Sa MajesU* rKiniK'ivur i\v (*liirn* j» nirra t'lr'*'**'"*^'*^ « i' 1<* j^J^'^* 
convriiaKlf, iiomnar un A^^nit l>i|»K»iuatit|Uc |»K-^ la C<»ur du Kio 
de tiaiiriri. 

I>\s A;4«*iits I>i|>lnin;iti<|ii«'s tit* fliaiiiiif tli*s H niN'S PartifS C\>n- 
trat'tanlt's jMiurruiit, avtt* li»ur^ faiiiilh.'s fi It^ |H'r^»inu*s dt» Ii»ur 
suilf, n'sitltT trun«» fa^ai [>«Tinai!fntf tians la (M|u'lalf tlu rautn», 
oil 8*v n'litire tciiipHrairfiiK-ut, .sui\aut If dt!\>ir ths (HiiiveriU'ini'iiUi 
res|Mitif.s. 

!>••< A'^t'iits I)i|»l«>iiiati«|ii»-i tU* flia'-niu* Jcs Hauto.s Parties Ctni- 
trartaiitfS jtMiinuii, ilain l-ur^ ru^idt-iiM-s n*>|HH.tivt.*s, tie t4)iitt*H h\s 
|»n'n>^aiivi'<, t'\fiiH't:«»iM. iiuiimnitt'rt. »l j-rivilr'^'tvs accordus aux 
Ai^L'iiU dc* nu'uif cal».'g«»ric dc la nali«iii la plus favurisce. 



Airnri.K iir. 

Ap}Miintii\fnt uf f\'n^uU. TImr I*ririlt*/*'S, 4'C. 

C'hatMiiu» tifs Hautfs P.irii'-s Contra* i.inirs jHmrra ntannier, 
daiiR lf«* ]H»n8 ft vdlfM «!«• lauln* i<uvt!ts au (itniuurree tni 8cs 
intt'ivtM lVxiL:fn»nt. un Consul-Cieut-ial. di-ii i.*on«ul»*, Vicc-Cuiwuls, 
el Ai!»'nl-i ( 'nn^nl.iin s. 

CtMix-ti n'fntrfn»nt ]ia** on foinii.ins avanl tl<» rwwoir IVxe- 
c|uatur tJu (ItMixtrnt-nirnl tlu imv** cu di dcvnait rt-.*»ider. Cct 
exe«|Uatur s«'ra tl» Iim>- .rratuiltint-nt. 

I^s ('unguis ih- |Hiini«»hl * *.i*' tli. :s:s j'ariiii les (*<»inint*rt;antA ; 
iU tli*vn»nt t'lre *{>' \fiiiaMih torn tiMnnain"^ ct d Icur .xia di-fcudu 
de faire h* fi»nnii»'n»*. 

I)an.s Ifs |»«»rt*» ^u il n'aura |»:is I'le n«>niia«« dt* TonKul.on {Miurra 
t*hari»tT un roHNul » ti.in^»i 'i'li nni|ilir lo^ fumtitaid, jMiurvu «|ue 
cclui-ci ne !M>ii jku< un » t^nuut r.atii. 

I>e3 aut"iiii"s l«M;ilrs. a «!• laut tie i'««n^ul, avi-M-nrnt au 
mt»yen d'a^surer aux aujeli div» dcux KlaU Iv IpcUctice tlu j»n;jk.*nt 
Trailc. 

Ix»a Consuls des Haute.9 Partits < ontraeUmUa jouirunt fie 
li»ul*-s IfH attril»uiii»ns. e.xen.jvi"!!"*. iniiimnit* s. el privdt-jes c^m- 
ct'iles aux < '«»nsuls vie la nation la \'\m taM^riace tLins cliaeun dea 
deux Ktat'J. 

Ijl'S Consuls ne tlevpint pa» ?«.\it«i ir Ks [•r«*t«'ntit>ns dfs com- 
inen;anti* tjuantl tilts str'-ni vrxaloju-j ^.u ullfn-sanlc* |»our les 
autoriles et les haliitanl.-* 'le la LhuIiu-. 

Si le Consul >e et»iid ;it d"ui:e fa';ori illc^ale, I'eXeipiatur l^^urm 
lu! elrc rvtinJ, suivant I'usa^e gvn« ral. 






1 OO 



No. 22.] OH[NA AND BRAZIL. [Oct. 8, 1681. 

[Cknnmcroe, Ao.] 

ARTICLE IV. 

Passports for the Interior. 

II sera pormi^ aux siijets Bresiliens de se rendro duns PinUS- 
rieiir de la Cliiue et d'y voy.iger, pourvu (jii'lls soieut muuis d'lin 
I)assei)ort dulivrti. sur la deinaiulc du Consul, par le Tao-t'ai de la 
l)t>uane. Ce passeport, redi;;e dans les deux langues Portugaise et 
Chiiioise, devra etre preseiite, sur ro^uisitiou des autorites, dans lea 
localitea de passage, et sera rendu au retour. 

Aucun obstacle ne pourra etre mis h la location, par lea 
voyageura, des homines, voitures, bateaux, Ac, n^cessaires au trans- 
jMirt de leurs bagages. 

Si le voyageur se tronve n'avoir pas de passeport en r6glo, ou 
fj'il cominet qucl«[ue acte illegal, il sera livre an Consul le plus 
pp> *he pour qn'il y pourvoie. Les autorites locales ne ponrront, 
dans ce ca^.c^u'iirivter le voyageur, et ne devront ni I'insulter ui lui 
faire subir de mauvais tniitements. 

Les sujets Bresiliens ponrront se rendre en excursion, sans Ctre 
munis de passeports, jusqua une distance de 100 li des porta 
ouverts et pour un temps ne dej)assant pas cinq jours. 

Ijes stipulations ci-dessus ne soni pas applicables aux (Equipages 
des uavires, qui seront soumis, a ti^rre, aux rijglements ^tablis, de 
concert, par les Consuls et les autorites locales. 

Right of Chinese to travel in Brazil. 

Lea sujets Chinois auront la libert<5 de voyager dans tout le 
territoire (lu Bixisil, tant qu'ils s'y conduiront paisiblement et ne 
contreviendront pas aux lois et rtglements du pays. 

ARTICLE V. 

Mutual Right of Subjects of either Country to Visit and Trade in 

Territories of the other. 

Les sujete Bresiliens ponrront aller et venir. faire le commerce 
et faire circuler leurs man.liandises dans tons les |>orts et endroita 
de la Chine ou il est permis aux sujets de toutesles autres nations 
de com mercer. 

l>.»s sujets Chinois ponrront egalement aller et venir et faire le 
commerce dans toutes les localiles du Bresil, i 1 egal des sujets de 
tout^?s les autres nations. 

II eat entendu cjue si, par le suite, une des Hautes Parties Con- 
traetantes accorde, de sun liUre consent<^ment, k une autre nation 
quelconque des advantages soumis a des conditions specialeSjPautre 
Partie Contractante ne |)ouira pr*>titerde ces avunt^iges qu'en acc<S- 
dant k ces memes conditions ou k d'autres etpiivalentes stipuleea 
d'uu commun accord. 



123 



0.l. 3. 1881] CHINA AND BRAZIL. [No. 22. 

[Oomm«re«, Ac] 

ARTICLE VI. 

Cum m ercial lUyulat urns. 

I/»8 snjots et nAvin»s nmnlmTuls <le Tune dos dcnx Ilautes 
Partif** Coiitnutaiitos. dans Ii»8 jxirts ouwrts <le rautre, seront 
Houfui^ aux nV'leiiuMits coinnien'iaiix arlui*Il«*nient on vii^neur |>our 
touted les autres nations, mi t[ui i>«)urront letru k Tavenir. 

Inijhrrt anti Export Duties, 

I>es Bujets drs deux fitats ne j»aifn»nt pasde droits d'iinportation 
ou dVxpnrtation plus I'lrvvs <[noceux ^ui tk*runt pay e8 |>ar len sujets 
do la nation la plus favurist^e. 

AUTICLE VII. 
^iips of War, 

T>»8 navin»s do puorrt* do oliaoun do^ doux l^lat8 5ioront ndrnis 
d r.is lt»8 jMTts do I'autro ou il «*st ou S4»ni jMTnii** aux navin?s de 
;:u«'rro d«*s autn*.-* natiou^do >•• rmdro, ft iU y ^^;^»nt tmiti'S coiume 
ofux d»* la nation la phis fav«»ri<»'t*. 

lis jnuiront di* ti»utc fa«'ilii»'' jhmif Irur-* aolia's dt» vivn»s, de 
rliarlM.n. Ac. ain^i ijufpour liiif"* appi«»vixi«i!iiieiiu.*nt8 dVau fniiclio 
ft |M»ur IfH n'parati«»ns dnnt \\< aunait U-^oin. 

<Vs naviro-s n*aurout a payi*r uucuno i*8j»c*ee do dmits, 8oit k 
Tout roe, s«»it a la ^^trtio dt*s jH>rts. 

I/^H (*onunanilants dfs naviros r*rt'<4ilif*ns on Chine ct lea auto- 
ritcs locales se traitoronl ^jur le piod dVgalite. 

AKTICLE VIII. 

Ship< and C'ir'j'HS, M' M'/avourtd-nntian Treat mint, 

1,08 naviro^s inari'ljaiid«< <lo < liacMino «k*s doux natii»ii8 pour- 
^»!lt fp'|UfUtor los |••»rt.^ d'anlre ouvfrts au cnimiHTi-o, «»u qui 
iHiiirront Totre, ot y tr:uit|««»rl«*r di's nii'p handi.si*8. lis y !M*n»nt 
il titt's. 50U8 tuud lei» rapiHirts, i^iiiinio coux de toutes le8 autres 
naljun^ 

Vessels drir^n into P'^rt '•»/ strrss t^f U't'ither, 

L'S naviro^ do Tuno dos IIaut«»s TaMits Contra<tanto<«. avant eu 
di-i .uoidt'iits fii nior, pn'*iti«-srotos d«* lautro. rt «»ltli;^i^ do ohon*hor 
r» t"i:.;o <lan3 un j-»rt «iu»l««»ni(uo, <i«vft nt r»*i'»*VMir d«-.s aut<»rit<:*fl 
1(K .ilt'i* tout** Ta^v^istinio «juVili-:j jM»urr»»..l Irur dtimifr. 

I>'S niarrliandir-*'^ s,iu\vs no honmt s-'urNi-o.-* a an«*un dn»it, k 
tiioiiis dVlr*' iniM-.-i tn \»T.t«*. 

< '♦•:* n.iMTos str«»iil tra.l* s a 1 1 .: il d»* •••«i\ «!»• t«iu*«*»* Ir.s autres 
nations <|in so trouvcrnul tlan<« l<-> :ii«':ui> i ii« <i..<ttaucia. 



Ho. 22.] CHIKA AND BRAZIL. [Oct. 8. 1881. 

[Oommeroe, &o.] 

ARTICLE IX. 

Consular Jurisdiction, Civil Cases. 
[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XVII.] 

ARTICLE X. 
Consular Jurisdiction. Criminal Cases. 

Les sujeta Brt?siliens en Chine qui commettront quelque crime 
contre des suj<»ts Chinois seront arretes par les autorit^s Con- 
sulaires du Uresil et puuis, conforniemeut aux lois du Brdsil, par 
les autoritt's que ces lois (It'torniineront. 

Ixjs sujets Chinois coupables d'un acte criminel envers des 
sujets Bri5siliens en Chine serunt anetos et punis par les autorit^ 
Cliinoises, conformt^nient aux lois Chinoises. 

En gi5nenil, tout prjces, civil ou criminel, entre sujets des deux 
fitats en Chine ne pourra ctre ju^e que conform^ment aux lois et 
par les antorites de la nation du <ic'feiideur ou aceusd 

Les I [antes Parties Contmctantes ne seront pas tenues au rem- 
bours4Mnent des sonnnes voices ou dues par un sujet de Tun des 
deux fitnts a un sujot de rautre. Dans les cas de vols im procddera 
de con form ite avec K*s lois du pays auquel api>artiendra le coupable, 
et dans les cas de dettca les autoritus du pjiys du d(5biteur feront 
tout ce qui sera en leur pouvoir pour ([ue le ddhiteur satisfasse k ses 
cn^ij:jements. 

Si des sujets Chinois en Cliine, coupahle personnellement ou 
complices de quelque crime, s<» refugient dans les residences, les 
ma^.isins, ou les navirea du commerce des sujets Bresiliens, les 
autorites Chinoises en informeront otliciellement le Consul, et 
envurnmt des Aj^ents Chinois pour proceder k Tarrestation, do 
concert avec les Agents Bresiliens. On ne pourra ui les receler ni 
les protege r. 

ARTICLE XL 

Consular Jurisdiction. Disputts with regard to Persons and 

Vroperty, 

Toutes les contestations de droits, soit de personne, soit de 
propriety, (pii j>ourront sVlevcr entre des sujets Bresiliens en Chine, 
nil vt-ront de la juridiction des antorites Bresiliennea Les proces 
entre des sujets Brusiliens et des etrangers en Chine releveront 
uniquement des autoritvs de leurs pays. 

Si quelque Chinois se tn)uve m«*le i ces proces, on devra agir 
confornnfmeiit aux tirux Artich*s pructMk'Uts. 

Si, tlans la suite, le (iouvi*nH*nuMit Chinois juge convenable 
dV-tablir. <l'acct»rd avec les ruissanrus otnmgiTes, un co<le unique 
pour ivgler la maliure de juri<iirti..n drs suji'ts etrangers en Chine 
le Brt^^il devni uussi prendre part h cvt acc<ird. 

125 



dr. 3, i»Sl.] CUINA AND BUAZIL. [110.22. 

[Coinm«re«, dko.] 

ARTICLE XIL 
Trouble occasioned by Sailors and others on Shore. 

Dans lea cas oix dt'S ^ens, quelle que soit leur condition, da 
l»onl <los navin»s «ii* Tune tl«*s lIauU»J4 Partie'i (/ontnictantes, dana uq 
]»'>rt ouviTt de I'iiutre, «iiJ4riinliiit ;\ torrt», y eauseniieut du trouble, 
iU scniiiMit punis confonnriuent aux u:iagos suivis, en {)areil cas, 
dans ciiacuu des deux iniys. 

Colliaitnis in China JWUcrs, 

Quant aux prooe'* jvMir rausc d'aUinla;^n»s entre des Mtimenta 
dt»s deux fwiys. dan^ les e:iux de Li Chine, ils sonmt jugds par les 
autorit«'H <lu di'fentlt'ur. o»nforin«'nienL aux n*j:lement8 en vij^ieur 
sur les alM)nla^os di*« navinvs dan*< tons 1(\m pays. 

Si le deniandeur ne se c-onfonue pis a la sentence, les autorit«^s 
<1 Hit il d«'p»'ndra jMiurmnt s'ailnsser t»tVniellfnient aux autorit/s 
fl'»nt dep'Midra le dt'f«*nd«Mir. [x>ur •ju'elhs n'<N»nnnoncent le proc^ 
e! prononcent detinilivenient, en toute equile. 

AKTICLK XIll. 
AcrfAX tt* L\»urt< itf t/u,<ticc. 

w 

Jjes sujets (liinois au lin'^il aunMit lihrc arrr« nux Pours de 
.Tu^tiee tlu pays. jMnir la tit'f«*n>e <le Ifurs jnsii-* dn»its. lis 
jodiront, 84»us ce rapinirt. d«'S iu<*ni('S droits et privileges que les 
liii'ailiens et lea sujet.s de la nati«)n la plus favurity-e. 

ARTICLE XIV. 
Ojfiutn Tnidr, 

I^»s llautes Parties Contnu-tantes 8«»nt ronvenues d'intenlire 
aux sujcts de ehaeunt* «r<*l|f< ritii]Nirt.iti<»n del'^ipiuni dann U4)M»rt8 
<le i'autie nuviMts au <N»iiiiiii'rii*. «*t !«• tranH|Mirt tie ropiuni d'un j>ort 
a !*.iutn» <le Tuutre pays, N»ii |Miur le propn* conipl4\ s<»it jwmr le 
eo'iipt^* de suj«*t^ on eit«»y*'ns <lf tout** autif nation, aussi hien dans 
df«i iiavireH ap|iiirtonant aux sui»*ts *U'< d» iix Ilautiti Rarties Contmc- 
t Witt's que dans les navire<« appurtenant a des sujets ou ciu^ycns 
d*.:ne li»*ree nation. 

II ne sera jkls |M»nnis n»'ii phm anx ^iUJetM de Tunc de« llautes 
Parties Citntnirtant^'S <le se hvrer an eoniinrn-c tie Topiuni, dans les 
|nirts de raulre on verts au eoinni«'r«#\ 

bi t*lau<ede la nation la plus fivt^ri-M'e ne pourra etre invo<ju^ 
Cuntre les di''i«»!!iitions de eet Article. 

ARTICLE XV. 

T>* pr«'^»nt Traitt' a »!•' rv«lij' dm- \\'< tr »'•* 1 in'j'i**s — Porfu- 
gaise« Ci.iu«'ide, ei FraiKjaise. (^uatr*- exenq»laiU0 en tmt cte pr^ 

iL'o 



N0.2S.] CHINA AND COREA. [Sept. 1882. 

[XaritiBM and Orwrlaad TnUto.] 

pards dans chacune de ces languas, les traductions ayant ^t^ com- 
part, trouv^ de tout point concordantes et d^pourvues de toute 
eireur. 

Ije texte Portugais fern foi au Hrusil et le texte Chinois en 
Chine. En cas de divergence dans rinterpnJtation, le texte Fran- 
9aiae d^cidera. 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Notification of proposed Treaty Modifications. 

Si, {>ar la suite, les Hautes Parties C*ontractantes desirent 
ap]X)rter quelques moditications aux stipulations de ce Traits, elles 
auront la liberte, apr^ un la))S de temps de dix anuees, k dater du 
jour de Techange des ratifications, d'ouvrir des n^ociations dausce 
but. 

I^ notification otticielle des moditications qu'on d^sirera pro- 
poser sera toujours faite six mois k Tavance. 

Si pareille notification n'est point faite, le Traits restera en 
vigueur. 

ARTICLE XVII. 
RaiifUaiioTiS, 

\jd present TraiU5 .sera ratifii^ par Sa Majesty TEmpereur du 
Rr^il et par Sa Majeste TEnipereur de Chine. 

Lechange des ratifications se fera, dans le plus court ddlai pos- 
sible, k Chang-hai ou a Tien-tain ; apr^s quoi, le Traite sera imprim4 
et public pour que les fonctionnaires et sujets des deux Empires en 
aient pleine connaissance et s*y soumettent. 

En foi de quoi les PWnipotentiaires respectifs ont signe le pre- 
sent Traits et y ont appos6 leurs cachets. 

Fait k Tien-tsin, le 3* jour du mois d'Octobi"e, de Tan de gr&ce 
1881, correspondant au 11* jour de la huiti^me lune de la septiime 
ann6e Kouang-siu. 

(LS.) EDUARDO CALLADO. 

(L.S.) Signature du Pl^uipotentiaire Chinois. 



(No. 23.) HECfULATlONS Jirr Maritime ami Overland Trade 
hettcrnt Chinese and Corean Subjects. — Septentber, 1882.* 

All that pertains to the relations of Corea as a boundary 
State of China has been long ago regulated by fixed Rules, and no 

* [8. P., Vol. 76, p. 18S4.] Thrte RrfiriiUtiona weir drmwn up in the ChinfM 
buifnui|t« onlj. Mxl the pm«nt t«xt it taken from the official copv of the ChttieM 
Lej^Mion in Corea. The Enclbh trmnsUtion wm made at the Statistical Depari- 
BMni of the Intpoctorate Ueii«ral of Cuntomt. 

127 K 



Sept.. ISM] CHINA AND 0>REA. fHo. 33, 

[Xaritijn* and Or^rUuid Tr«d«.] 

rhang'^ is require*! ii this rfsi>ect. But as now foreign countries 
eiiteitain tnule with Cnrea bv wai«r. it l»ect»nies nei*essarv to 
rtMunvi* at (HUM* the jirohiltitioii of s**a tnuit* liitherto enforce<l 
l>et\viH*n diiua an«l (,\»rea. and let tlie men^hanLs of Ujth countri<»« 
]»artii:ipate in all the a<ivanta;;e.^of conmicrrial notations : the Re^- 
iatiouH atlectin^ the rxchanu'e of piXHiuee on the frontier will also, 
:is tiin«* may nnpiire. W unHiitiiMl; hut the new Regulations for the 
tnaritinie and overland trade now deeidetl u)M>n are understotnl to 
apply to the reluti«»ns lieiween China and ('«»rea only, the fonner 
I'ountry ^rrantin.: to iht* latter certain advantxip?s as a tributary 
kin;;doni, and Treaty nations are not to iiartici|»iite therein. It 
ia in this sense that tliL- fullowing Articles have l)een agree<l 
uiK)n : — 

I. The Superintendent of Trade at the northern i»orta will 
hereafter :ip|Hiint Coniini^isiont'r^ of Tra«h» to nvside at the o|M»n 
|Mirts of (\in*a for the s|ie<Mal puqMme of exmnsinj; jurisilirtion 
ovtT rhin«'sc in**nd)ants re^tident there. The Siiid otiicers will in 
their df'alin;:s with Corean otticials 1h» (»n the footin*; of perfect 
tMjuality. and are to l»e treated with th#» consideration tlue to the 
t)bscrvance of etiquette. In the event of in))>«»rtant ciis«».s arisin*; 
which it may not seem cx|»edii:nt to have .-settled on their own 
res|M»usiliility in loncert with the Ton^an authorities, they will 
rejHirt .»>uch ca.H«»s t'» llie Su|H.*nntenih'nt t»f Northern Trade, who 
will write to the Kin«^ oi Corea with a view to have instructions 
forwanh'd f«»r the ;^uidance of hi** riovemnient ne|iartment« The 
Kinj: of Tnn-a will also drpute a hijjrh »»tVicial to residi* at Tien- 
tsin and d«*tail ot!n'r oHitiTs to priN et*i| to the oj.on {Mirts f»f China 
as <oivernm»'nl A;;»*ni> in e«nnnn*reial matt»»r'«. an«l sueh offiivr^ are 
likewise t«» U' treated on a f«Miting nf e«|uality in thfir dealings 
with the loial auth«»iities. viz., the Ta<»t'ai, the Prefect, and the 
Ma^istnitrs of ih»» pl.iee Any sj«»i ial ditliculties arisin*: may \^ 
submitted lor ei«n^iilerati«»n to ihf Su|HTintendent of Northern 
and Southern Trade ihrou-di tlie Cnn-an hi^h otlicial residin:; at 
Tien-t'^in The exiHMi.****.*^ atti-ndin^ the maintenance of these Com- 
mercial A;:i»nt.H an* io l« Umie by the resjurctive (jovenimenta, 
and uo private rlaims tor a niaint4*naiire allowance are to \k* enter- 
tain4*«l. If any ««uch «»theer shi»uld eau**t' diHa;;n»ement by |>er- 
sistiii;: to a«t on his own .uithority. the Su|««*rintend«*nt of Northern 
Tnel«- will ('••inmunieate with th«* Kinu* ^'f Corea a.** to hi»* sju'edy 
HMuoval. 

*J In all aeiii.n* brought b\ on»*Chin«'^e :4ubii*et a::aiii<t ani»ther 
whd«* at a Coii-.m |NMt.tbi' i'hiin-^ C.iiiniier< iaHlovt-rnmrnt Ai»i'nt 
i-* to |H'fforiii tlu'duti*- "f i ^\\»\'^*': but apart from ibi-i in .dl «'ivil 
an«l • riminal • .i>«-^. if a < on an Huij.-rt api»«'ar* as plaintitl' ai^aiiiHt a 
Chines* siil.i#-. t as •icft'iidant. th** < bni»-i' c..iiinifi* lal (t«»MTnment 
A'^'fUt !•* to ain^'t lb«* .i- «u-»»t| aii«l a^ I a- dudj'- : if a Chiin-te 
j^ubjii t ap|Har* ;e* ]»laiiit:tl airain-t .t C4.i1-.111 huI.h.i i as defendant, 
the < or»an .iutb«'!i::» H \m\\ iitnd i'ver th* .iiii!^«-»l !«• the Chinese 
Cnimen^ial iiov«*rniii»iit Aji-nt t«»r loint niv«Mi;ration ami trial 
n'-i'or'lniL' t** I w (hi tie* "th«-r Imrit). aH <*u< li livil and rnroinal 
t.i-^es as nia\ arise with ( oreaii meatuuita at any of Uie o{ien 

lis 



N0.2S.] CHINA AND CORBA. [Sept.. 1881. 

[Kaiitim* and Orwrland Tr«d«.] 

ports in China will be tried according to law by the Chinese local 
authorities irrespective of the nationality of either the plaintiff or 
the defendant ; at the same time, however, the Corean Government 
Agent is to be officially informed of the proceedings in the case, 
and he will be allowed, for the sake of fairness, to appeal to the 
high authorities for a revision of the verdict on behalf of the Corean 
subject concerned, should the latter not be satisfied with the deci- 
sion given. Whenever a Corean subject sues a Chinese subject, 
either before the Chinese Commercial Agent in Corea or before the 
local authorities in China, tlie runners attached to the Court are 
not allowed to claim from the litigant parties, however so small a 
sum under the name of fees sanctioned by custom ; and if any breach 
of this rule becomes known, the officer under whose responsibility 
the offence is committed will be severely dealt with. If any 
subject of either of the two contracting countries, who, whether at 
home or in any of the Treaty jwrts of the other country, has 
rendered himself guilty of a crime punishable by the laws of his 
own country, absconds into the territory of the other of the two 
countries, it will be the duty of the local authorities to take the 
necessary steps for the extradition of the criminal, through the 
nearest Commercial Agent, for punishment by his own autho- 
rities as soon as the Commercial Agent concerned infonns them 
of the fact Such criminals, while being transported from place 
to place, may be deprived ojf their personal liberty, but not mal- 
treated. 

3. It shall l)e lawful for merchant-ships of either country to 
enter the Treaty ports of the other for purposes of trade. The 
<lischarge and taking in of cargo, and all rules and regulations 
relating to the levy of maritime customs duties, shall be treated in 
accordance with the Kegulations fixed upon by each of the two 
Contracting States. Ships running on shore on either coast under 
stress of weatlier shall l)e allowed to anchor at whatever place this 
may happen, to buy provisions, and to have the necessary repairs 
done ; but, while the local authorities shall be charged with the 
management, all expenses connected therewith shall be borne by 
the owners of the ship. In cases of wreck, the local authorities 
shall take all the necessary steps in the matter of salvage, and 
crews and passengers of any such vessels shall be forwarded by 
them to the Commercial Agent at the nearest port, who will send 
them on to their homes, so that ex|)enses may be saved on that 
score. If, however, a mercliant-ship of either of the two countries 
wliich may have so f(»und shelter for repairs should l)i»si<les carry 
on clandestine trade at any of the unopened ports, both the 
vessel and her cargo shall be liable to be seized and confiscated. 
Excepted therefrom are the coasts of Phyongan-do and Hwang- 
Imi-do in Corea, and of the provinces of Shantung and Liaotung 
in China, where it shall Ihj lawful for tlie fishing-junks of eitlier 
country to cruize about in the pursuance of their trade. Such 
fishing- boats will be allowed t<» take in i)rovi8ions antl water in 
places along the coast, but they are forbidden to carr}' on trade in 
mercbandixe ; infringement of this rule will entail confiscation of 

129 K :£ 



Sept., 1882.] CHINA AND CORfiA. [Mo. 23. 

[Karitime and Overland Trada.] 

both the vessel and her cargo. As to oflFences against the law 
committed in any such locality, the local authorities will arrest the 
ofl'ender and send him to the nearest Commercial Agent for punish- 
ment in accordance with Article 2. The fishing tax now leviable 
on fishing-junks of either country will be in force for two years, at 
the end of which period negotiations will again take place in this 
matter. 

4. The merchants of either country who may proceed to the 
open ports of tlie other country for trade will be allowed to rent 
lands or houses and erect buildings, provided that they behave like 
peaceful citizens and obey the law. All local produce and all goods 
not coming under the category of contraband shall be allowed to 
be freely traded in ; and while the rates of duties payable on im- 
ports and exports and of tonnage dues is to be the one prescribed 
by the Kegulations in force at the custom-houses of either country, 
merchants who may wish to transport native produce from onrj port 
to another will, besides payment of export duty, be charged on 
reimportation half the amount shown by the Customs document to 
have been paid as export duty. While the Corean merchants are 
by rule allowed to trade at Peking, and while Chinese merchants 
are allowed to keep up establishments at Yang-hua-chia and Soul 
in Corea, they are not allowed to send merchandize to the interior 
to be there exhibited in shops or sold. If a merchant of either 
nationality be desirous to go to the interior for the purchase of 
native goods, he is to apply to the Commercial Agent of his 
country, who, conjointly with the local authorities, will issue a 
certificate specifying the place of purchase, which will authorize 
the merchant named therein to hire on his own account whatever 
carts, horses, or boats may be required for the carriage of his goods, 
while all the local taxes and duties payable en route have to be 
defrayed by him. Passports for permission to travel in the interior 
for other than mercantile purposes must be applied for in the same 
manner, and nobody is to proceed on any such journeys without a 
passport. In all cases of oflTences against the law being committed 
in any place in the interior, the local authorities shall forward the 
oflFender to the nearest Treaty port for punishment in accordance 
with the stipulations set fortii in the second of these Regulations, 
and meanwhile the ott'ender may be deprived of his personal liberty, 
but not maltreated. 

5. In consideration of the numerous difficulties arising from the 
authority exercised by local officials over the legal traffic at such 
places on the boundary as I-chou, Hui-ning, and Ch*ing-yuan, it 
has now been decided that the people on the frontier shall be free 
to go to and fro and trade as they please at Ts'emen and I-chou 
on tlie two sides of the Ya-lu Eiver, and at Hun-ch'un and 
Hui-ning on the two sides of the T'u-men River. In either 
country it will be only at the markets named above as opened 
where customs stations are to be established, with authority to 
deal with smugglers and outlaws and collect duties. TTie latter 
are to be levied at the rate of 5 per cent, ad valorem on all goods, 

130 



No. 83.] CHINA AND COREit. [Sept., 188S. 

[Karitime and Overland Trade.] 

» 

without distinction of imports or exports, with the exception of red 
ginseng. 

The charges formerly made on account of board and Imlj^ing, 
supply of provisions, reception and escort, are to be discontinued. 

All ottence^s committeil among the frontier population, in which 
money or proiH»rty ingeneml is concerufd, are still to Ik? dealt with 
by the n*spective local authorities in accordance with the existing 
laws. 

The details of the rules (applying to frontier traffic) will he 
submitted to the Tlirone for decision, after liaving Uhui discussed 
and drawn up on the spot l)y sj>ecial ottirers to l>e deputed for the 
puri)03e by the Sui)erintendent of Northern Tiude and the King of 
(Jon*a.* 

Merchants of either country, whether at any of the ports or 
at the fnmtier-line, are alike forbidden to tninsijort or sell foreign 
or native opium and munitions of war. Any breiich of this rule, 
will, on discovery, l>i» severely punished. As to red ginseng, 
Corean merchants are by regulation allowed to take it into tlie 
Chinese territ<»ry on payment of an ml rahretn duty of 15 per 
cent. : but if a Chinese merchant should 1x3 found to clandestinely 
carry such red ginseng out of Corea without a special licence from 
the Coreaii Government, the goods will \ye liable to confiscation. 

7. The traffic between the two a>untries which has hitherto 
moved on the post i-oad along tiie overland route of Ts'o-men has 
been extremely troublesome in respt»ct to travelling comfort ; and 
now tliat the prohibition against sea traffic has \men withdrawn, 
traffic by sea, as the more convenient n3Ute, would of course be 
permitted. But as Corea does not yet possess ships of war or 
mercantile steamers, the King should apply to the Superintendent 
of Northern Trade for the tem{>orary loan of a China Merchants 
Company's steamer to make trips to Corea and return to China at 
a fixed date once every month, the Corean Government to assist in 
defraying the expen.ses then»of. If, apart from this, Ciiinese men- 
of-war cruise alK)ut in Corean waters and anchor at any of the 
Corean ports in the interest of the country's safety, no supplies 
will be required from the local authorities for the maintenance of 
such vessels, and whatever expenses may arise from the purchase 
of provisions are to be bonie by the men-of-war themselves. All 
officers of such men-of-war, fnun the captain downward, are to be 
treated on a footing of e<(uality by the local officials of Corea ; and 
the former will lie careful to restrain the sailors while on shore 
from creating the slightest trouble with the population. 

8. The Trade liegulations now decided upon are confined to the 
main points and do not extend to details, and the officials and 
people of both nati«ms are for the present to ccmiply carefully with 
such rules as an* containeil in them. Whatever {X)int« may have 
to l>e enlargnl upon or cancelled in the future will be discussed 
and .settletl by correspondence between the SuptM-intendent of 
Northern Tra^le and the King of C«)rea, whtjreupon supplementary 

• See peie 1S89. 
131 



UMTch, 1883] CHINA AND CX)REA. [No. M. 

[Frontier TnUto. I«Uo-ti&ii« and Oorta, *«.] 

ruIcH will 1k» subiiiitUNl to tho Thnme nihl jmt into force afl^ir 
liuvin*^' olitaiiH'd tin* Iiii]HTial sanction. 
St-pitMiilK-r. 1882. 

LI. Imperial Oficiatiruj Snjierintrminit of Ntnihent 

Tratlf, Vioruy of Chihli, tj**'- 
(Hor FU. Tm4\n of Tifn-Uin, 4r. 

MA KiEX-curxi;, JK/vvw^/i/ rrt<./Vii. cVr. 

(ilAO N!.V(;-HSIA,rMmi« Kntoy. 
CHIN inXt;.('HI.y<«ix^/i«/ Knrvy. 
\V YCX-C inXG. HV;i.i-Ai//i.i. 



(No. 24.) UTLES tii/rrnf ui>m Mirrtn China atul Corta, for 
(ft€ Ti'ajfic i»n t/tr FrmUirr ftettrtrn Liao-tuiuf anil Corea^ ^x, — 
ilarfh, 1S83.* 

1. TilK oviTlaiifl tnittir m tin* ron*an froiilirr i« not on the 
same r<N)tin^ ;ls the tmde airrii'<i on at the Treaty )Mirt8, iniiMninrh 
w^ it was orivcinaliv e.stahli.sluMl hv the Court of'(*hina a.** a U^netit 
to one of it.s trihutary St4it«*s, with the «li.Htinrt understanding tliat 
it shouhl 1m» a <'nnvenienre t4» the )M>|)ulation. It will 1h* under- 
Mto«»«l fnnn tliis that, wliatever i»rivilege!j have Ijeen from time to 
time aceonlni to facilit;ite frontier tnitlie, refer merely to the 
nit*rcantile |M>|iulation «»f the Liacntunf^ I^»vinee on the fnmtier of 
CoHM, and that other nations anf not (v»ncenie<l in thes«? Kule>. 

2. Tiie inliahitants of the liao-tuny; I*n»vinw, while lieinj< 
alloW(*il to tnuh* at I-c-h«iu, are forhiddeii t^i «*nter and move aUiut 
on any other iiortiun of Corean territory %vi thou t a stfuletl certiti- 
eate tn»m the hn^al auth(»rititr4. A like rule a|>))lies, with Htill 
j^reater stri«'tnesH. to Coniin merclumtij. who are not ti» ent4*r and 
move aUait in plaees Udon«:in;; to the IJao-Tun;; Province, and 
who are t»«|»«»«'ially ff»rhiddfn to l»ring fon»i^iers i<» the fnmtier. 
\Vh«»ever ?*hall be itmvioteil of havin;; (i»nreivetl the i«lett i»f }»rinj;- 
ing a foivi;:ner Ut the fnuitier in nativ«* dis^oiise will lio punirtluHl, 
like one who ha.^ himM*lf rlanilestinely eiitHs<ii the frontif*r. 

^. It U-in^ one t»t the j»n*r«»puives of the Court ot China t4> 
tlraw it^ supply of fish for saeritirial purp^jsed fn»m the emliou- 
chures of rivers at any platx-s HJiuate*! on the Chinese Mde of the 
Ya-lu-Kianu'. an«l in the disirkl ealle<l P'infc-an-lao (rhyonv»-an- 
tlo). the |i«»op|i' an- strii'tly forhiilden to ti.nh th«Te ilafid«*stinely, 
Cor^'an suhjt-^trt more es|nnially s<». uHendfrs apiinst this Uule 
will U' •^••vendy punisheil. 

4. <*hung-kiaii^ liein^' s<*|ianit4.*<l only by a single river {jassa^ 
tn>m l-<diou, **o tliat nt«-n*hant5» trading tliere may arrive in the 

* ^8. F . V(»l 75. |i. 113|» ^ IXwr rutr* wrrr tlr»«n up. in tlir i>aiii«»# UoffUAK* 
vnlj. in th« tW'i itiuuci of tlir Mh ^r^r i»f k«ftiig litu Ibr Kn|[li*h tr»n»Ula««ii 
a. ^ ll^ rttrtntifl UvputJMtit ..: \hm 1 iiipMCorM*-0«Mna of CWUHM. 

132 



No. M.J CHINA AND OORBA. [Ifmh, 1888. 

[Vvonttor Txmde. LUo-tun^ and Oor«a, tto,"} 

morning and return in the evening, this traffic cannot be comi»ared 
t4) the tnule of a sea|i<)rt where j^ooiis arrive from disUuit qiiart^^ra 
tluis necf\s8itating the existtMice of places for their storage. Now 
that, in consitlenition of these circumstanwjs, it has been decided to 
establisli customs stations and provide improved accommoihition 
for tlie convenience of the commercial traffic l)efore the city of 
Kiu-lien, near Chung-kiang, and Iniyoinl the western suburbs of 
I-chou, Coiviin subjects will not be allowed to build houses or go- 
downs on the frontier of the Liao-tung Province, and ('hinese sub- 
jects are to be treated according to tlie same principle in respect to 
tlie (.'orean side of the frontier. 

"). The tluties of the otiicers charged with the collection of 
dutii's and tlie issue of customs permits have been hitherto under 
the control of the Superintendent iiaving special charge of customs 
mattei*s sUitioned at TsV*-men. Additional customs sUitions having 
Ix-en established in connection with these new Regulations, the 
Milit4iry and Civil (iovernors of Moukden will address the Super- 
intendent of Northern Trade resj)ecting the necessary steps for 
submitting to His Majesty the name of the officer to be ap|>ointed 
in Uike charge of these new stations. 

G. In all matters connected with the investigation of cases of 
robl>ery and the collection of duties arising from the traffic to these 
customs sUitions, the officer in charge of customs matters is to 
instnict the civil and milit^iry officers under his orders to act with 
8|)ecial care and discretion. Oft'ences in which money and other 
pn»l)erty are concerned are to he dealt with by the local authorities, 
who are to try each cast; in accordance with the existing laws. If, 
a{)art from this, Liao-tiuig |)eople misbehave themselves on the 
Corean side, or, being under prosecution at home, make their esca])e 
t4) Corean territorv, the Clovernor of I-chou is to hand over the 
culprits t«) the Magistrate of Au-tung for punishment. If a Coreiin 
subject misl)ehaves himself in Liao-tung, or escapes to Lmo-tung 
ti^rritory, the Magistrate of An-tung is to hand him over for punish- 
ment to the Governor of I-chou. In the event of cases occurring 
at the frontier which either the Magistrate of An-tung-hsien or the 
Governor of I-chou deem of such iiu|H>rtance and gravity that he 
should not take the responsibility of settling them, the frontier 
Taot'ai's Yamen.on having previously received the necessar}' ReiKirt 
fn)m the An-tung Magistrate or from the Governor of I-chou, as 
the Ciise may l)e, will lay the case l»efore the Civil and Military 
Goveni«»rs at Moukden, whose decision will l>e sent l)ack thr<mgn 
the same channel. 

7. The investigation of cases of robl)erv and the collection of 
duty by the customs stations established at the places open for the 
traffic of giMxls on the frontier is a matti»r of the utmost import- 
ance. The customs stations are therefore, in the first instance, 
nmde res|)onsible for st»eing that whenever merchants pass the 
station in either direction prt)j)er examination Ihj made of their 
I»a|>ers, whereu{)on they are to 1h» releiised without any attempt 
lM»ing made to ext4»rt illegal charges <»r to raise other vexatious 
difficulties. With regard to gOMls |iassiug the stations, the re veuue 



Marrh. 1883] CHINA ANO COREA. [No. M. 

[FrontUr Timd«. I«Uo-ti&ii« and Ootm^ Ao.] 

oHicerK will \te \w\i\ n»9iH>nsihle for the checking' of the j^ooiIh with 
thosi* tMitrr«Ml in the arooni|>;iiiyin^ (lociiineiiU, luui for the tlue 
coll«Mti'»ii of tiie (lutieH in tuconhince with the exintin^ 1U*^1h- 
tions, HO thiit no irn»«:uhir additittnal char<;eM may lie made. 

8. All that |>i'rt4iin4 to the annual trilmte in Im sent by C(»reu 
to th«' capital of China, a.H the ciLsUanary national >nft, in to lie 
re<^ulal4Ml hv e-stablishe^l rule. Articles of trihiito an» bv law 
exempt from payment of duties, but the Ijo^^^af^e ami the miscel- 
laneouH efVertn of the Knvoyn and their 8uit«* wilt lie 8ubjt>ct t«i the 
mild n\stri<'tinn made there<»n bv the l^»anl of Finanres. If the 
Knvi»vs do not rairv meiehandi/.e with them each otiicer will )m* 
alli'Wi'd. fnM» nf <luty, any quantity of clothin;^, private efltntM. 
UhiIvs, ind me«li«ines. not rxceetlin;: 'Mh^ catties in weij^ht. The 
junii»i I>e^'ation otlicen* and the suite who may l)e desirou** of 
|iiirtici|Kitin^ in the advanta^*t4 arisin;; fn»m the carria;>e of (r«M>ds 
will U* allowe<i a quantity of rt^l ^ins«*n^, limite<l in the caist* of 
Ix*^atitm otiicers t4» 2<» catties ea<*li.and in the case of attendiuits or 
followrrs t4» In catties «*5U*h. Kiich Iii*«^itic»n oflicer will further l»e 
allowed to tiike. fn*e of duty IbU catties of clothing, lu;;«:a;;i», and 

|»ri\ate ttferts, ami earh folloMer HO catties. In onler to fix the 
imit for «Iuty exemption, otiicers as well asfoUowers an* Ut make a 
dtHdaration to the TuHtoms authorities s|KM'ifyin^ the name of each 
officer and the quantity of articles to U* imss^'tl. In a<lditi(»n to 
these articles, |iacka<{es ctuitainin*^ canvas and the like coanM* and 
heavy material for erecting tent«<, and pn»visions for hofta fitlf use 
durin>: the journey, will lie likewise allowe<l t4i lie (laascHl fret^fUMis 
to ^'rant every facility ]Missible ; but, a)ittrt from this, idl lioxen and 
other )iacka;;es containing meri^handize must U* declared for |iay- 
ment of duty. Am repinU all other otficerA travelling on public 
business, it will lie underst^Kxi that, though they may U* provide«i 
with a ii:iss|iort, any merchandize* th(*y may carry with them has 
to imy duty hs the Ke«^dations n*(|uin*, an«l that mi exception can 
lie allownl. 

9. At I'hun^-kianK the following duties have lieen im)iOHe«l on 
the tiitde : nnl ginseng, when liable to fwy duty, will lie chariAMl at 
the rate of l"i jH?r c*ent. mi ntlorrm ; cows and hontes, with the 
exception of th«Me u.se<l for n«lin^, are char^*^! at the rate of 5 per 
cent, ml ntlorrm, when entering' the market for sale; and all pro- 
visions, U*in^' neciMaarics «»f lift* anion^ the |ie«iple, and of u %'ery 
n:i.scidlane«>us miture, such as ve^'etable«>. fruit, fowls, ducks, geese, 
and fish, are dutv fre<\ 

10. As the exchan^'e t»f pmtluce at < 'liun«;-kiiin^ was originally 
connneti to x\w traflic among the frontier {Hipulation. it lias no 
conn«M.tion whjitevfr with the foreign trndr allowe«l t«i lie rarrietl 
on by foreign nations at tlie m*a|Mirt^ o)K*ne«l for that purfuMe ; 
and the lU'gidations in fori'e at the maritime custom h«ius4's must 
not lie quote<l as an authority for making a di*«tinctiou lietween 
full •lutien and transit dues. fri>m uhich all sort^ of irregularitien 
Would renult The nilr i^this: that whenever a liao-tung mer- 
chant canies v!oiHi*i t4i the 1-chou markrt. full duty will lie chargi^l 
ODM at the t%Xa preachbed by th** IteguUtiona, irretptfctive of the 



\ 



No. ai] CHINA AND COREA. . [March. 1888. 

[VMattor Trade. I«Uo-tunc and Oor«a, *«.] 

jtrovenanee of the goods ; and whenever a Corean merchant wirries 
goo<l8 to the Chung-kiang market, he will lie treated in the same 
manner, ie,, full duty is to lie paid once and no second charge is 
to be made. If merchants do not wish to take their foreign g(x>ds 
to these markets they are at liberty to do as they choose, and the 
authorities cannot compel them. 

11. iVs the trade which used to be carried on at Ts*e-niAn by 
|)eriodical fairs has l>een transferred to Chung-kiang, where it is 
under no restrictions in respect of time, the fairs hitherto hehl on 
fixed dates during the spring and autumn seasons are, of course, to 
lie discontinued. The old tribute-road leading from Chung-kiang 
to Ts e-men will be closed to all but tribute traffic, and nolnxly, 
with the exception of the members of the Mission forwanling the 
tribute, will he allowed to make use of it, whether coming or going, 
without a passport, and strict measures are t') l>e taken t^i prevent 
its liecoming a channel for illegal trade. 

12. Since tlie traffic between Chung-kiang and I-chou has \yei*n 
confined to that one shoit road l)etween the two places which it is 
easy tn |>ass, the various ci*oss-roads and bye-roads above and lKdi>w 
the two places referred to are alike to be closed to traffic ; during the 
winter and spring seasons more especially, when the rivers are 
frozen or dried up, thus affording everywhere an opportunity to 
cross them, the greatest vigilance must be brought to l)ear upon 
this restriction by investigating and punishing offences. In order 
to impress the public with the strictness of this Kule all breaches 
should be visited with punishment. 

Vi. The frontier trade carried on between Chung-kiang and 
I-chou is not to be confounded with the trade carried on under 
the supervision o\ Commercial (lovemment Agents at the open 
seaports. When a Corean merchant goes to the Liao-tung Pro- 
vince by land to buy native goods, the officer in charge of custonis 
matters will issue to him a passport, while advising the Governor 
of I-chou of the fact ; in like manner, if a Liao-tung merchant goes 
to (Jorea by land to buy native goods, the (tovemor of I-chou is t^) 
issue to him a pass|K)rt, reporting the case to the officer in charge 
of customs matters. In the passports the goods to be purchaser I 
must be specified beforehand ; if, however, it be found impossible 
to do this, the goods may be first bought, but as soon as the pur- 
chase is completed they must be brought back to the customs 
station, when the correct details will be entered on the original 
passport, to be returned for that purpose, in order to furni.sh tin; 
documentary proof for the examination of the goods and the charg- 
ing of duties, when it is to be exchanged for a duty-paid certificate. 
The place where these goods are intended to be purchased nmst 
aLso be stated in the passport, and no passport will be issued for 
places to which traffic is not alloweil. 

14. Liao-tung merchants going to Corea for trade will he only 
allowed to pruceeil as far as I-ch«iu, and Corean merchants going 
to Liao-tung for trade will l)e only allowed as far as the rnstoms 
station in Chung-kiang. Whereas all the territory under the 
jurisdiction of the Liao-tung Pmvince ia Crown land, attached 

135 



MAnrh, IA83.] CHINA AXl) CORBA. [Mo. 24. 

[Vvonttor Trmd: I«Uo-tunff and Ooraa, 4te.] 

to His Miijesty's s^'coiul capitjtl .iimI 8ul»j«»ct to tlu» niles whi<'h 
furinerly nMvJvetl tlif Iiii|K'riiil Hiiiictioii, inoR*liaiit^ who come for 
tlu» punrha***? of local pnMlure am only U? allowtHi, whether roiiiin^ 
or j^'oiiij;, Ui piisM thri»ii;;li the siMe j^it^i of the Feii^^-huaii^ |»alisaiie 
|uviHii;»i' ; trav»*ller« wlio may have Uhjii tnni(**l liaek fnuii the 
triliiite-niail must not (*h(M>s«* roads aceimlin*; to their own fancv. 
As re;4iinis ('onM*s relation as a triliutary State of China, it mnst 
U* k*»pt in ?uin«l that ailthou;^!! C'orea is n^ganltHl as tpiasi-i *him*8e 
territ4iry, y«*t tin* Liao-tun*^ merchants are noi allowed U» treH|iaH« 
on <,*orean t«Tritorv in opjnisition to the n»strii'tion made on that 
si'ore. Offenders are to lie punishetl. 

\'*. Whereas ^ooils |>nK?unHl at a siMifwrt art* allowt^l to U* 
earri^**! thence hy *»a, the m(*n:hants of Lijio-tnn<^ are forhidtlen to 
carry ;:«MMlii, pim'tiased at one of the o|>en |H»rUH of (\in*a. overland 
liack to < 'liun*;-kian^ or «lisp ise of them hy sale in C«'rea. whether 
at I-<hou or any other plact* : iu like manner. ( *ort an merchants 
aix' forbidden to c^irr}' ^ixmIs hrou^ht fn>m the oj>en jK»rtA of IJao- 
tinij4 overland h:ick to Indiou or to dis|M>s4* of them hy sale in the 
Liao-tnn^ l*r«ivince or at any other phu>e. lirejiches of this Unle 
will Ih* visited with contis<*ation t»f the ^^chmIs, an<l heavy punish- 
ment will await the otfmder. A difference will, however J»e nnnle 
in the case of otiicials travel lin;: «)n public businens ami provi«liHl 
with cre<lentiad.s showin;^ that t!n'V travel bv themselves, unaiM*om- 
{muieil by ^mmIs, and tluit they cannot l>e phu*ed in the fame cate- 
gory with merchants ; such «ithcials are to l»e aUowetl to ikihs on 
examination Ihmu^ made. 

IG. (ttMuls carrietl by mcrchanls must \h* entere^l u|Min an a|H 
plication to be hamled to the Government otVicer, who will examine 
it and impress his s«m1 iqion it All pjods carrie<l clamlestimdy 
with* ait such dtxdanition l»einu' made will, as sinm as the fraud 
U|Hm the revenue ha^ been prov«vl, Ur contisc*ateil. While, by iUv 
ori>;iniil A^vment made at Tien-tsin, fon'ij^n aud native opium, 
munitions of war, and all < »t her C4»ntra band artiden, are not all<»«%'etl 
to l>e tratle^i in, thev nAU>t on no account \t»* taken acniH* the 
fnmtier ; n«>r may copper aisli lie taken out of the country. All 
offences in this res|»et*t will U* punishetl aaronlin^ l4» their res|>ec- 
tive merits. 

17. Such )4oKl ur silver its the merchantJi may us** ha means of 
exchan^:**, its also the dothin;;, lu^o^a^e. stiitionery. and l«>ok?* which 
they may carry ami»n>; their |H*r*onal eHecLn, will l»e |»jisseil tree 
of «luty. (told tlust and silver *tn* brought t4> the markft for side, 
however, are (»n>;inally merchandize* ; and sinc^e llu^se •p^tMHlHun* not 
ti» In* cla.v>i*4l with the kindretl arti(*l<*s, trade in which is bv law 
exempt*-«l fn>m duty (vi/.. '^'iJd-b'af. pdd Uim. ^^dd (»rnam<*nts. 
sycee, silver in bullion and broken pie<*es), th«»v mu-it U* «harue<l 
r» |»er cent. <i'/ ntlorrm, lis the Ki*v;ulat!ons nniuin*. whi« h < barge 
cannot U* remittenl.antl on no aiixoiint in fmud u|K>n the n*venu«*t4» 
be allowe*l ni renjuHt 4»f them 

18. In the exchanv^e of ppHluiv all articlf^t i^miii.^ within the 
cat4*^»ry c».* proilucls of the «*4*a. also hiilfs. leather. c<itton pieix»- 
gooib, pAper, copper warv, aud < hma ware, will |my duty at Uie 



Il0.ai] CHI!IA AND COREA. [Maroh, 1883. 

[Vroiiti«r Timd«. Liao-tunc and Ck>rMi, &o.] 

rate of 5 per cent, a// valorem ; and if any articles are not 
enumerated in the Tariff, the merchant will in due course declare 
thtiir value, and 5 per cent, ad valorem will be charged on that 
valuation, and no other charges must be made. 

19. When the ('orean Tribute Mission are on their way to 
Peking, the Rule provides that before they reach the frontier the 
Military Commander of the city of Feng-huang is to give .sjx*e<ly 
notice to the Yamens of the Military (jovemor of Moukden. for 
the information of the Board of Ceremonies ; at the same time, the 
Military Commander referred t4) is to proceed in person to the 
frontier gate to make the necessary arrangementa there, while some 
of his otticers are to undertake the prei)arations ret^uired for the 
conduct of the escort en route and for their reception at the several 
stations. The duties connected therewith pertain alike to the 
Court ceremonial of Tribute Missions, and must be discharged in 
due oWdience to the existing Regulations, in order to conform with 
the stipulations agreed uj)on at Tien-tsin. Soldiers and runners 
must be strictly cautiontnl not to make use of the occasion to exact 
prestmts, and offenders are to be tried and punished 

20. Whereas the weights and measures in use at the Chung- 
kiang market cannot but difller in senile from those used in Coren, 
it will, of course, be necessary to adjust the standards in daily use 
at both places, i.e., at Chung-kiang and I-chou ; and if, in doing so, 
a difference should be discovered, the local authorities on the 
frontier will conjointly and justly establish the necessar}' uni- 
formity. For the sake of fairness, however, the local standanl 
should be adhere<l to, and, if possible, not be exchange! for that of 
another place. 

21. In former times the traffic by night through Ts e-men threw 
considerable difficulties in the way of preventing fmuds upon tbe 
revenue. With the removal of the frontier station to Chung-kiang 
the old state of things must not be allowed to l>e resumed, and 
night traffic must be stopped with every possible strictness by 
holding out punishment to all offendera 

22. It has hitherto been customary among Corean merchants 
to make use of official brokers in settling prices ; tis long as this 
practice is maintained it is diflicult to avoid disputes regarding the 
rates to be paid. Or it may happen that one who has monopolized 
tfie market does not pay in cash for goods actually taken over, and 
that credit is given for goods purchaseil during the season, with the 
underst^mding that the debt will be cleared during the folli»wing 
season ; in the following season the broker will disappear owing to 
this debt, and the seller will have nobody to make responsible for 
the claim. As this usage does great harm among merchants, it has 
been decided to discontinue it with the removal of the fnmtier 
station to Chung-kiang, so that henceforth the seller will deal with 
the purchaser direct, and the two parties will be allowed to settle 
the price between themselves. To prevent the old nuisance growing 
up again by degrees, the interference of brokers in all this kind of 
business will be forbidden 

23. When tbe newly-establisaed Customs stations and tbe 

137 



Julj 18. 18r>3.] CHINA AND DENMARK. [110.29. 

[Oomm«ro«, &o.] 

l<)cal aiithoriti(\s have oocasioii t-* rorrcspoml, the <h»8palchos to In* 
uxchaiij^Hl must Ix' ilrawn up in aceonlanee witli the ('USt4>niair}' 
rules uf |H>lit"uess. (\)n*a]iH must simviIc of diina as " ITie 
H«*avenly r«mrt " (35^B) *">'' ^ "The Sujierior Countn*" (JlB), 
ami iu thi» onlinary coiresi^UHleiice they must ails** use the style 
|»n»srrilMMl l»y (fovernmtMit ; they must not resort t4» careU^ss serilw 
i»lin^. The us<* of the eluiraiters ifs (ehun^) for ('hina and JK (tun;;) 
fur (*on*a is forbidden l»y Kule; ami. in order to show due mitional 
considemtiou. the ChiiU'Si* authorities on tht* frontier in Ijiu>-tung 
will write 4|| HP H reh'ao-hsien-kuo) fc»r < *onNi. ami A\H*nk of j|| || 
(kuei-kuo, "your reii|Hxtetl rountiy ") when writing alx>ut or t4> 
Coreji. 

24. If any of the sevend casi's of theft and fraud ccuiiing umh*r 
invt*sti«;]ition at the fnmtier and eullin;^ for strict |)n*ventive 
mt*asuri*s should U> fiaind to lie left un|»rovidi*tl for in the aUive 
lSult*s tilt* l(H*al authorities on either side will Uike such steps as 
may lie dt*emetl U'st at the tiuit* t4> settlt* the earn; ; hut otiirial 
inronnation must U* given and full details entennl in the n'conK 
and the gn*at4*st cant must Ih.* taken that the Humilities grant^Nl u» 
traflic 4»n the fiontier do not interfere with tla* general iiit4*n*sts of 
siicietv. 



(No. 26.) TREATY ttf FrUiuMiip, (*ummrrrr, tni^t Nti ru^tii iau, 
Itehotrti Ifttttnttrk ami f'hhui, Sitfnrd at TuH'tsin, Jttii^ |I*», 
18tt3.* 

AimcLK I. 
Ptare ami FritwliOixp, Pott^rtinn af iWjumA atuf Propnrty. 

There shall lie, its there luis always U«en. {M^iee and friendship 
lietwei*n His Majetity the King of IVutuark and His Majesty the 
Km|H*ror of diimi ; and their res|iective suhje(*ts shall e«iually 
enjoy, in the dominions of the High ( oiitnu-ting Parties, full and 
entire protection for thfir |M*rM<ins and pro{ierty. 

AKTICLK II. 

Af^pinntmtnt t»f J>ijtiuMuti( Atfrni*. 

[Same as (Snnit liritain. No. 6. Art. 11] 

AKTRLK III. 

J'tn/jr of IhiHVih Ihpltnnattr AyrtU to l^eking. PririlttjfA ami 

/mmuniius. 

His Majesty the Km|M*nir of China her^'hy agrees that the 
iMplomaiic Av>enL. so ap|»oint4^l hy Hi** Majesty the King of 

• 8 R, Vt4. 61. p. 171. 



1I0.2S.] CHINA AND DENMARK. [Julj 18, IMS. 

[OomiiMro«, &0.3 

Deumark, may visit Peking iis often as iiecesMiry for the trans- 
acdou of iin]K)rtant business. 

His Majesty's represeuUitive shall enjoy all the privileges and 
immunities which l>elong to his office under the law of nations ; 
he shall be at liberty to choose his own sen'ants and attendants, 
who shall not be subjected to any kind of molesUition whatever. 

Any person guilty of disn\s[)ect or violence to His Majesty's 
representative, or to any member of his family or establishment, 
in deed or word, shall be severely punished by the Chinese 
authorities. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Recript antl TVanswimoyi 0/ Corresftoyiffrnre. Pririlrfjvs to Couriers, 
ExjM'fuses of Mission to be borne by Danish Government. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. IV.] 

ARTICLE V. 

Transaction of business between DanLnh liejrresentative and Chiiuse 

Ministers. 

It is agn»e<l that the representiitive of His Majesty the King 
<»f Denmark shall transiict all business with Ministers of His 
Majesty the EmiK.»ror of (,*hina, whether personally or in writing, 
on terms of jwrfect ec^uality. 



ARTICLE VI. 

Similar PrirHftjes to Chinese Diplamrttic AynUs in Denmark. 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. VI.] 

ARTICLE VI L 

AjfiMnntment of Consids, M«ist-favourf4l -nation Treatment, Cow- 
muniration btireen Consuls and Chinese AiUkorities, 

[Same as Great IWtain, No. 6, Art. VII, wiUi following addition.] 

Pennission to Foreitjn Consuls to act as Danish Consuls, 

Thf Danish Ciovernment may, whenever it does not deem it 
iH'cesHiiry to apjKunt a Consul at an o|)en port, entrust the Consul 
of a frienilly iK)wer with the duties of Danish Consul at that i»ort. 

ARTICLE VI IL 
Jielujious Toleration, 

Dauiali subjects who profess or teach the Christian religion 

139 



Jtilr 13, 1863] (HINA ANP DENMARK. TMo. 25. 

f Comm«ro«, Ac] 

shall U' fiititltMl to tilt* pmUM-tioii of tlit* ('liiii«»s(* autlioritieK ; nor 
shall any sin'h ihtsoiis. |K*acah!y ptn-suing thrir nillinj^. and not 
i»niMtiiin«x a;:ain^t the law, )h* |»i*r£$4*rut«(i or inlt*rfrrtnl with. 



AKTICLK IX. 

Frenltfin tn (run I in f^hinn trith Pitssjktrts. /htnijJi SuhjrcU nttt 
futriinf l*iiA<fhprt.< tn In- s» nl tu nrarrM CunMil. (Wirn of Shijut 
fjrfjtftf/. /*r».«i.*-.s !(/*/ to Ih' tjimi tit ft/an. < in Insurrt'ftinn. 

[Smu- as Gn*at Uritain, No. 6, Art IX.] 



AUTICLE X. 

f'iirr»sjMfH(iint'» f*tttrtrn lkuii<h amf (^hine.^ Attthitritii's : ami ft^'ttmtt 

l^misJi Suhjfti.t ami ChintfK flffirinU. 

Thf fnrni of ri>rn'5»|M)n<h*iic<* U»twtfn tin* Oanisli and Chinese 
aiithovitirs will Ik* nv^lat^il hy their rt*s|itH'tive rank ami |M>sition, 
hastnl u|Nin cnnii'h'te n'f*i|ir(H!ity. lU'twt*t*n th«.* authoritivH i»f Uith 
nation^* U*ini: '^f <*<pial rank. *«nc-h <'i»rres|M)nilenrf will tiiko the 

lorui ol (li*>|iatrh i»r cnniniuniration (H W chat»-hni). 

< 'onsiiU, nr nth«'r anth«»ritii's of Hcnniark inferior to ConsnlM, 
will, in ;nl«lressin;: the heiuUof l*n>vineial rfovennm*ntH, employ the 

form of ex|»o8ition ( l\k (^ Mh«'n-«h en), and the latt4*r in aildres-Mii;; 

tin* lornnr will employ the form of de<darati<>n ( gij^X*''*''"'*'*"*?^)- 

Mfnliants. iind all othi-r ?*iihj«*<*ts f»f either nation, not investe*! 

with an otlirial rharaeter. will .id<»pt. in addresNiit;; thi* anthorities 

of the other nati<*n. tlu* form «<f rfpre-^^'Htation l|K> ping . 



AKTR'LE XI. 



/ 



/***/■/.< *}j>en f*i linntJih ,\frrrh4nit Vrx^h. Frtfthtm of Trnti* »w ajten \ 
I''»rts ; /»«// fo hvihf #/r rtnt Hnuu.^ Ua^r I^tfuh, and build 
f 'h It ;•• h f.< . Ill tsp itif/.*. tnt*f < V wi *■/# nr.s. 

It ir* au'r»-«-«l that lhini«*h uh irhant-v«"«<i«'N may fre<pient all the 
foUowin;: |»«»n>. nam*'l> : t'anii»n. Swatou. Amoy. F<NM^how. Nin;^'|M>. 
>hanudiaj. Nankini:.* ChiiikianL'. Kinki.m;:. and Hank<»w. on 
ihf llivi-r Van;:t/.«-.- <'ln*li»i». Tn-n-tMn. Ninrlman^.- -Tamsui. anil 
Taiwaiifu. on the Ulantl of F«*rin«i?<^i. ami Kiun;^rho\% on the island 
of Hainan. 

IhmiNh •*uhji-<'l> Air (Miitt;i(<i) to f.irry on iiad«* .it lh«».'M' iiort-* 
>%ith \%honi'^N>v«T t)i«-% pl«M'**'. and to ppMi'tMl to and fro at their 
pl('a>ure with th<*ir \f<«<«id7) .md nit'i< handi'M- ; to fiudd or rfnl 
lious«*s. le.iM* land tliereiii and to hudil • hun he.^. hoMpitaN. and 
remctene''. 

• 9er |Mjf» 730. 



Mo. 25.] CHINA AND DENMARK. [Juljr 18,1861. 

[Oomm«ro«, itc'] 

ARTICLE XII. 

Agreements far Lease of Lamh/or htiildiny^ Jir,, to he viade 

cquUohly. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XII.] 

ARTICLE XIIT. 

Employment of Chinese by Danish Subjects. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XII I.] 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Hire of Boats for conveyance of Cargo or Passengers. Monopoly 
forbidden. Punishment for carrying Contraband, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XIV.] 

ARTICLE XV. 

Jurisdiction of Danish Authorities orer Danish Subjects in China. 
Jurisdiction in Dis}mtes between Danish and Foreign Subjects. 
Juristiietion in cases in which Chinese Subjects arc imrties. 

All ([uestions in regard to rights, whether of property or 
|K.»rson8, arising lK?t\veen Danish subjects, shall be subject to the 
jurisdiction of the Danish authorities; and all controversies, occur- 
ring in China l)etween subjects of Denmark and the subjects of any 
other foreign Powers, shall l)e regulatetl by the Treaties existing 
l»i»tween Denmark and such Powers, resj)ectively, without inter- 
ference on the part of China. But if, in such controversies, Chinese 
subjects l)e parties involved, the Chinese authority shall be assessor 
in all proceedings, as in the cases provided for by Articles XVI 
and XVII of this Treaty. 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Chinese Criminals to be punished by Chuiese Authorities^ and Danish 

by Danish Authorities. 

( hinese subjects who may l)e guilty of any criminal act towards 
Danish sul>jects, shall Ik* arrested and punisheil by the Chinese 
authorities, acconling to tlje laws of China. 

I)aniHh 8ubj*»ct8 who may Ih^ gnilty of any criminal act towards 
Chinese* subjects, shall Ik* arre><ted and punished by the Danish 
authorities, according to the laws (»f their rountrj', and in the form 
and manner to Ini hereafter pre.scril)ed by the Ihuiish (tovernment. 

The Chinese* (ioveniment will on its i>art similarly control 
< 'hinese subjtx^ts. 

Justice shall be equitably and impartially administered on both 
hidi-s. 

141 



Julj IS, int^S.] CHINA AND DKKHAKK. [MO. 25. 

[Oomm«ro«, Ike. J 

ARTICLE XVII. 

Ihsftn lt\\ lift uYi' H f 7i inr.sf tt tuf Ih n uth Suhjfris, f 'oiuwh r Jh ris^ 

iliction. 

[S;uiM» lis (irciU Uritain. No. 6, Art XVII.] 

AKTICLE XVI II. 

I^/'ufoiion of IMnM SubJeeU and Proi^rty. PunUkiiyni for 

Nftjlfct 

[SiiiiK! {iA (ireat Britain, No. 6, Art XVIII, with following 

addition.] 

Tml if th<» authority wln»w i*hafvt» it is sliall fail t4» am*st tlnnm 
;:uiliy of till* aUivc act**, all that can lx» rv<piin»<l hy the Chinese 
< toveninient i.s that it shall punish the said authority acconlin^ to 
the laws of ChiniL 

ARTICLE XIX. 

Prerrfition of Pintcy. Punishmeni for najlt^t of duty. 

^Sanie as Gieat Kritain, No. 6, Art. XIX, with foUowin^ 

aildition.] 

But if the auth<»rity wh<we charge it is nhall fail t4> fU'izi^ the 
«^iiliy juirties and riM-over the stolen i»n»|N»rty, all that ran Imj 
n*«|uin*il of the diinest* (niverument is that it shall punifth the 
said authority atrordin^ t4» the laws of ( *hina ; it is not to indem- 
nify the {versons roblxHl. 

ARTICLE XX, 

Wrecks, <tr. Praiection and AmMance to Crtir, 

[Saiue as Great IMtain, No. 6, Art XX.] 

ARTICLE XXI. 

Surrtndrr of ChinfH Criminals. 
[Siiue as (ireat Briuin. No. 6. Art XXI] 

ARTICLE XXII. 
Chin^M ami /AiauA Debtarx, 

^'<anl«* as <;n*at r»ritain, No. 6. Art. XXII. with foUowin^ 

addition.] 

But on neither side i>« <iovi'nin)ent to indemnify tht* eieditor. 

ARTICLE XXIII. 
Im}n*rf *nui Erjwri Ihttus. MiuJ-fm-nwrtd-nittinn Trmtmfnt. 

[Same as (treat Briuin. No. 6, Ait XXIV.] 

142 



110.29.1 CHINA AND DENMAKK. iJuW 13, 1863. 

[Oomiii«ro«, Ac] 

AKTICLE XXIV. 
Import Duties due on Landing ; and Export Duties on Shipment of 

(itHKts, 

[Same as Great BriUun, No. 6. Art. XXV.] 

AUTICLK XXV. 

Imports and Exports to p(nj Dvhj arroi^ding to Tariff, 

Danish tnerchaiits, importing or ox]>orting merchandise to or 
from a Chinese }X)rt, shall pay duty thereon acconling to tlie 
tariff appended to this Treaty. 

ARTirLK XXVI. 

licrision of Tariff, 

[Same as (ireat Britain, No. 6, Art. XXVII, except tliat the first 
Iteritni for revision is fixed at the end of June, 18G8. 

AKTICLE XXVII. 
Transit Dues. 

It shall Ik» at the o]»tion <»f any Danish suhje<t, desiring to 
convfV prfwluco purchased inland to a port, <»r to conv«»y inijjorts 
fnnu a port to an inlainl market, to cl(*ar his goo<l8 of all transit- 
dues l»y jKiyment of a singh» iliargt\ levied in the manner pre- 
scriU-d in liule 7 of the Coninieniial Artich'S appen<led to this 
Treaty. 

The amount of that single char;;e shftll Ik; one-half of the Uirilf- 
duties, except in the ciise of the duty-free goinls, liahle to a transit 
duty of 2\ jM»rcent. od ralnrem, as ]»rovided by l{td«» 2 of the Coni- 
merrial .Vrtieles ap|KMitled to this Treaty. 

It is ilistinctly undei-Ktoo<l that tin* |wiymenl of transit-dues, by 
romniutation or otherwise, rdiall in no wav alfrrt the tariff duties 
on im|H)its «.»r exports, which will continue to I.e levied sci»aralcly 
and in full 

AKTK'LK XXVIII. 

[Same as (oeat iJritain, No. 6. Art. XXIX.J 

AKTHLE XXIX. 

IhtniiJ* Vea^Is nnt hnrituj hrolm I id J:, nn f h'lri^nj ?*i '/#/,/ 4"^ /•'»»'/•*, 

;*»*/ hii^'h to />/'//».«. 

[Same as Great Britain. No. 6. Art. XXX ] 

14:5 L 



July 18, 1863] CHINA AND DENMARK. [No. 26 

[Oomxnerce, &c.] 

AKTICLE XXX. 

Boats used for conveyaiiee of Merchandise, Passengers, etc., free from 

Tonnage Duties. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXI.] 

ARTICLE XXXI. 
Erection of Lighthouses, Buoys, and Beacons, 
[Same r.s Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXII.] 

ARTICLE XXX IL 

Duties to he jyaid to Bankers authorised hy Chinese GovemimnL 

Duties shall be paid to the bankers authorised by the Chinese 
Government to receive the same on its behalf, in sycee or in 
foreign money, the latter being received from Danish merchants 
at the same rate of exchange as from other merchants, and in no 
case at another or a higher rate. 

ARTICLE XXXIIL 

Standard Weights and Pleasures to l»€ delivered to Consuls, 

Sets of standard weights and measures prepared according to 
the standard issued to the Canton Custom -House by the Board of 
Revenue, shall be delivered by the Superintendent of Customs to 
the Consul at each port. To secure uniformity and prevent con- 
fusion, it is distinctly understood, that the equivalent of the above 
weights and measures is that laid down in Rule 4 of the Com- 
mercial Articles appended to this Treaty. 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 

Employment of Pilots. 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXV.] 

ARTICLE XXXV. 

Gustom-Honse Guards, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXVI.] 

ARTICLE XXXVL 

Delivery of Shijn* Papers to Danish Consul, Penalties for Neglect 

and giving False Manifest, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Ail XXXVILl 

144 



H0.aa.] CHINA AND DENMARK. [July 18, 1868. 

AIJTirLE XXXVII. 

Disthm-fif uf Sfiijt. rttHiltif fur DMuirgimj withovt Pennission. 

[Same as (heat Uritain. No. 6. Art. XXXVIIl] 

AliTK'LK XXXVIIl, 

0*K»fU SliipiHil nr Lfun/ed icithnnt Pmnifs Ihtble to ConfiicatwiK 

[Suine a.^ (Jreat Britain. No. 6, Art. XXXIX.] 

ARTICLK XXXIX. 

[Same as Givat Hritaiii, No. 6, Art. XL] 

AKTICLK XL. 

Cetiijicafv of Payineni of Port Uaes. 

Wlien all dues ami duties Mlmll have been iwiid, the Sui>erin- 
teudent of Customs shall ;^'ive a jxirt elearaiiee. 

AKTRLK XU. 

MuJe itf L*'vyimj ad valorem Dtftlm. 
[Same a^ (Ireat Uritaiii, No. 6, Art. XLII.] 

AIJTULK XLII. 

JhtfifH tn h' rhnrtjut *HI y^t W'titfht. Min/f nf Lfl'tfi/tJ, 

[Same as Covat Britain. No. 6, Art. XLIIL] 

AUTKLK XLIIL 

Itntiiiii.t'ii iif J hit 11 t,it /htfitftU»'if (ttiin/fi, 

;S!iiiji- ii- (Mr.U I'.ritiiiii. No. 6 Art XI.IVJ 

AIITH I.K XI.IV. 

t hiiH'Si' juimImh' may I.e <:initd t<uu''t\vii5e in I>ani«*h ve:j?;els 
I'rom itur I'Oit In annilier on i-ayinir larilV duly at the j»i»rl of 
slii|i;iient. and c-oast-tradt* dut\ (the :im<iunt of uhieli shall Ik* «*nt'- 
half of the taiitl' dul\ ) at tin* ]**\\ <f disehar^i*. Chine.-^e }inKluce 
hrou«;ht in from another }Mirt. it' re-exiMuted coastwJ.se M'iihin 
12 mouth*!, will be entitled l«» a draw kick e<'i1ilicuto fur the half- 

llfi 1. 2 



JuljU.lWin CHINA AND DENMARK. [W 0. 25. 

[Coiiim«rc«, Ac.^ 

duty paid, and no export duty will be charged on shipment ; but the 
half-tariff duty or coast -tradV duty will a^'ain be charpoil at the 
port of discharge. 

AimCLE XLV. 
He-fxpcniaiwn nf Gwnh. Jhittrfmrlx. 

iMnish inerchant3 who may have im|)4>rted mercliandise into 
any of tho o|>en jiorts, an<l i>aid the duty there<m, if they desire to 
re-ex|Rrt the same, shall U* entitleil to make application to the 
Superinton<lent of Customs for i>ennission to t\o so, who, in onler 
to prevent frau<l on the revenue, sliall cause examination to lie 
made by suitable ofluvrs, tostM* that the duties |iaitlon such gooils, 
as entoreil in the Custom-Housc Imoks, i*orres]K>nd with the repre- 
sentation made, and that the goods remain with their original 
marks unchangetl. If, on such examination, the Su|ierintendent of 
Customs shall detect anv frautl on the revenue in the case, then 
the goods shull Ite subject to confiscation by the < 'hinese Govern- 
ment. Having cr>m{>lieil with these con<lition«(, the I>anisli mer- 
chant shall, on rf>-ex)K)rtin<; foreign merchandise to a foreign 
country, or to nn«»tlici C'liinrM* jMirt. Ik* entitled to a drawback 
certificate for the amount of ini|Mirt iluty ]Miid thereon. On it*- 
exjiorting Chinese* pnMlncr within 12 nxirith^ to » ft»reigii country, 
the I>aniHh merchant shall U* rntitlt*<i to n drawKick rertificat4» 
for the coast -t mile duty |mid there«iii. 

Drawliack certificat«'s shall 1m> valid tenders to the <*ustoms in 

Cyment of impftrt or exp«irt duties at the jnirt at which they hnve 
en issueil. 
Foreign grain brout*ht into any iv»rt c»f China in a Danish ship, 
if no part then-of has liecn lan<itHl, may U» re-exp<nleil without 
hindrance. 

ARTH LK XI. VI 

/V^ rf ti (inn of Fr*iu*1 and Sm uy^l i > 17. 
'Same h«« (;reat Hniam. No. 6. Art XLV| ' 

ARTICLK XLVII 

Intereourst uith non-opfn Vori% forhMfn. Vessel and Cargo HuUe 

to Confiscahnfi 

m 

fSaiiif M Crt'at Hritaiii, No. 6, Art XIA'II ) 

AiJTHi.K xi.vin. 

Sniuy;fhny, I'l'iijinfiiliun nf ^'iiryiv 

[Same m Great Hritain. No. 6. Art. XIAIIt] 



Mo. as.] CHINA AND DENMARK. [Jul/ 18, 1803. 

[Oomm«roe, Ike.] 

AKTICXE XLIX 

Penalties and Confiscations to belong to Chinese Government, 

[Sttiae as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XLIX] 

AKTK'LE L 

Official Cotresjkjinlenct' to hr in EnfjUdt and Chinese, Treaty to he 
signed in English and Chines*:, Englisli Text to serve as 
Original, 

All official ctinuimnicatiotLS addressed by Diplomatic and Con-* 
8ular agents of His Majesty the King to the Chinese authorities 
shall be written in English. Tliey will, for the present, be accom- 
panied by a Chinese version ; but it is understood that in the 
event of there being any difference of meaning between the English 
and the Chinese text, the Danisli Uoverumeut will hold the sense 
as expressed in the English text to t)e the correct sense. This pro- 
vision applies also to tho present Treaty, copies of which, l)oth in 
tlie Englisli and the Chim'se languages, will be signed and sealed 
by the ncnii)otentiari(vs uf the two Iligh Contracting Parties. 

AirncLH LI. 

The icord "Barbarian** not to U used in Chinese Official Corre' 

spomUnce, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. LL] 

ARTICLE LI I. 

Facilities t^ Danisli *S7n*y;5 of War. 
[Same as (Ju-at Britain, No. 6, Art. LII] 

AKTK LK LI II. 

Mta^urts to U tfdnpta/ Jnr J*rt itntion of Pinny. 

[Same as (hvut Britain, No. 6. Art. LII I.] 

ARTICLE LIV. 

Most-favoured natitui Trtatintnt to DanisJi Government and 

Sidfjirts. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art LIV.] 

ARTICLE LV. 

Jiatijiaidons. 

The ratificatiuns of this Tii*uty under the hand of His Majesty 
th« King uf Denmark and His Majestv the Emperor of China 

147 



JuWIS, 18WT nilNA ANl> I>ENMAKK. [W 0. 25. 

[Commerce, Ac-* 

duty paid, and no ex{X)rt duty will l>c charged on ehipment ; but the 
half-tariff dutv or coast -tradf dutv will a^'ain be cliarijeil at llie 

w • • • 

port of di<cIiargQ. 

AKTICLK XLV. 

I>ani»h inerchantj who may have ini|Mirted nicrchandiiie into 
any of the nj»o!i |n»rt*», and paid the duty thereon, if tliey desire to 
re-e\p( rt the same, shall l>i* entitle«l to make application to the 
Su|»erintend4*nt of C'ustnnis for permission to do so, who, in nnler 
to prevent fraud on the ivvenue, shall cause examination to l»e 
made by suitabh* (itnccr-^, tos«M' that the duties | mid on such ^mIs. 
a.s ent<Mvd in the Cust4)ni-IIi»UMt liooki*. corre^jMuid with the repre- 
M*ntati(»n made, and that the ^imnIs renmin with their original 
marks untlian^^'tK If. (»n such examination, the Su|ierintendent of 
Customs .shall detect anv fniu*! on the revenue in the case, then 
the gooils sludl Ik; subject to conti'M^ation )»y the Chinese Govern- 
ment. Having (-<>m]iHed with th«*se conditi<m*<, tin? Danish mer- 
chant shall, on ri*-ex)Nirtiiii: f<irei;;ii merchandise to a forei^i 
country, nr to anotht/i rjiintM' jnui, U; entitled to a <lrawlkack 
certifirat*' for tlir amount «»f imjMirt duty i»iiid therenn. On iv- 
exi>oriin>; <'hin»*s«' ppnlucr wiiliin IL* m«intliH to a fnreiirn country, 
the Danish merchant shall U* ciititb-il to a drawKick certific]it4* 
for the roast-traib* duty j»ai«l ilier«'on. 

DrawKick certificat4»s shall U» valid tfn<l<*rs to the <'ustoms in 
payment of imp^trt or exi^M't duties at th»» jM»rt at which they have 
Iwen issued. 

Forei^i grain broui^ht inti> any jM>rt of rhina in a Danish ship, 
if no part then'of has l»i.tn landed, may U.» re-exjMjrted without 
hindrancf 

Aini* LK XI. VI 

'^amc a^ (;reaf l^rr^n No. 6. Arr XIAI ' 

AKTICLi: XLVII 

Intercouru icitk non-op^n Vortx fifrhulhn. Vesa^l and Cargo liuhlt 

tu C'jnriAi'^ittftt 

m 

fSaini- a< Cr.-at Britain. No. 6. Art XI.VII ) 

Al.'TKI.K Xl.VIir. 

[S»nie ai «rMt Britain. No. 6. Art. XI.VIII.J 

140 



lla.2S.] CHINA AND DENMARK. [Jul/ 18, 1803. 

[OomsMree, Ike.] 

AKTICLE XLIX 

Penalties and CunjUcations to belong to Chinese Goceniinent, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XLIX.] 

ARTICLE L 

Official Correspondence to Itr in EmjUili and Chinese. Treaty to he 
signed in English and Chinra*:. Englisli Text to serve as 
ihriginaL 

All official coiiiuiunicatiuus addressed by Diplomatic and Con- 
sular agents of His Majesty the Kinf; to the Chinese authorities 
shall be written in English. They will, for the present, be accom- 
panied by a Chinese version ; but it is understood that in the 
event of there being any difference of meaning between the English 
and the Chinese text, the Danish Government will hold the sense 
as expressed in the English text to ))e the correct sense. This pro- 
vision applies also to the present Treaty, copies of which, both in 
the English and the (.'hinese languages, will be signed and sealed 
by the rieniix)tentiari(*.s of the two lligh Contracting Parties. 

AIM ICLE LI. 

The word "Barbarian** not to l^c used in Chinese Official Corre* 

spondtncc, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. LL] 

ARTICLE LII. 

Facilities ^) Da^iisJi *S74/y« of War. 
[Same as (Iirat Britain, No. 6, Art. LIT] 

AUTK LK LI 1 1. 

Mia^nrts to Ik ttdttittai /or J'rt itntiun of Pirarg, 
[Same us (avat Britain, No. 6. Art. LI II.] 

ARTICLE LIV. 

Most 'favoured ^nation Treat mrnt to Danisli Oovcrnment atui 

Sidfjcet'i. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art LIV,] 

ARTICLE LV. 

Jiafijiaidons. 

The ratifications of this Tn*ut y under the hand of His Majesty 
th« King uf Denmark and His Majestv the Emperor of China 

147 



Julj la, I8fi3 ] CHINA ANI> DENMARK. 1110.25. 

respectively, shall be exchanged at Sh»n;<hai oi Ti«-n-tHiii, within a 

year from this day of Ai^natui-c. 

In tokep whereof, the reHjie<ii%'e t*leni|Mitentiaries have si«;netl 

ami Realetl this Treat v. 

Done at Tien-t^in this I'Uh <1hv of Julv. in the vear of our lionl, 
1863. ... 

(LS.) W. K. KAASLOFF. 

(Ly.) CHIXRSK rLKXiroTEXTIAKIES. 



To the foregoing* Tn*aty are api»endetl : 

(1) A Tarif]' of Duties; and C2) li\\\en in roiinoction with 
the tariff, all of which arc identical with those a|i|>«Mide<{ to the 
Kritish Treaty of Tien-lsin (No. 6), with the following excep- 
tions : — 

(<i.) In (h/- Tariff, the wonls 'except from Tan>,'chow and New- 
chwang " after ** Wans anii |»eas " and ** hrancake " are expunged. 

(K) In tht' /i ///#.<, I mm. 4 of Kule '> (n*latin^ to the exjKirt of 
pulse fnun Tan^chow and Ncwchwan*;) is oniitt«nl, in pursuance of 
the Agreement arri\cd at on the suhjcrt U'tw«vn the liritiHli 
Miniater and the (.*hin(*s«f <h»\ eminent in 1H»;*J. Tara. 5 of the 
British text U'lDmes |mra. 4. 

(f.) Kuh> 1) «if the Itritish text (relatin;^ t<» the aliulition of the 
nieltage fee) i"* nmittnl. and the fi»lIo\viii^' is su)'*<tituteil for llule 
lU in the liriliMi text :— 



It lK»in;^, I'v Ti«aty, at the ••pii.in nt ih«' <*hines<' <toveninient 
to adopt what ine.uis ap|K'ar l«» it U'^t suiteil t«i]»n»tect it.s revenue, 
accruin;; on Daitish tratle. it is a^rei'd that one unifnnn system 
shall l»e enfnned. at every jMirt. 

The <*liiiies4* <Hiverniiient \mII ad<»pt uliat measun*^ it shall 
find nH^jui-^iie i.« pn'Sent siiiu;:v;lin;.' u|H»h the Vanvr-tze-kiang, when 
that ri^e^ «»hall In* oj>€'n«Hl t«« tmde. 



148 



Mo. 26.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Oct. 24. 18U. 

[Comm«rc«, Ac] 



(No. 26.) TREATY of Fnciuhhip, Counnnrc, and Navvj^Uion 
hetwitn France and China. Signed at Whnmpoa, 2ith October, 
1844.* 

[Ratifications exclmngeJ al Macao, 2rah August, 1845.] 

ARTICLK I. 

Ptvcf and FrUiidshij). Fn^fctlnn of l\iisLnin and PmjMviy. 
[Same ps Denmark, No. 25, Arl. I.] 

ARTICLK II. 

Fr(oloni of Trtide nt Canton, Enioni, Fon-Chon^ A'/////-yA^>, and 
Chnuj-Hai, I'radt n*ifh nth*r Ports forbidden. Liahditit of 
Cargo to ('onfiHtvtfion. 

iKuvnavant les Fmncais 1*1 Imis tiiiiiilh*^ sont auiorisrs a s« 
tn»n.sj)orter, s'l'iablir ct se livivr au commerce en toute sA?uriti', 
itmvrj ni restrictiun aucuno. ilans les i>ort8 et places de 
, Plnumi, Fou-Chnu, Ning-Po et Cliang-Hai. Ijgs navires 
Krancais iKjurront commereer librement dans lesdits j>orts, y 
.si'joumer et circuler de Tun a I'autre, suivant lours convenances. 
XlaJH il leur est fnrmellenu^nt intenlit de jK'netrer et d eflectuer 
das ojy^mtionH commereiales dans aucun autre \h)t{ de la Chine, 
coinme aussi de ]»niti<juer sur la cute des ventes (»u dcs achats 
elandeHtins. Kn ca.s de contra vent i<»n au jjnWnt Artich*. et sauf 
les excejjtions mentionnees a TArticle XXX, la carj^ai.son clewlits 
naviiws }N)urra etn» contiscju/'e au jMotit du (louvernement Chinois, 
le<|Uel, toutefois, devra, ininiffdiatenuMit ajavs la siii.Kieet avant que 
la eonti.scation nc soit h'galement j»nm<»ncee, en dnniu»r avis au 
Citnsulat Fnincai.s du port le plus voi^^in. 



sans entmv 
Canton 



AKTK'LK III. 

Seeitrity of ProjKrti/ in ^\ Pinis. Endmrifo ttn Fnnrh Vc:i.^'ls for- 
bidden, French Ff/w* /.s /Wefnon aft Pnbfic and J^riratc S:rnce, 

[Same as Ausiria-IIunpirv, No. 20, Art. XIII.] 

ARTICLK IV. 

Affjndntment «/ Frrnrh Cnn.vdfi in Ti J'ifrts. Priril*gen of Consuls, 
DiUifA may he jH-rformrd fn/ t^'itnsnf of o frirndli/ Ptarrr. 

Sii Miijesti* rKm|K»i-eur des Kninrais ]x»urra nonnner des Con- 
suls uu Agents Cunsulaires daii^ chacun des r> ]M>rts susnommes, 
|M^ur .servir d'inlermrtliaini tMitn* les autorites Cliindi.'^es et les 
negociant.s Franrai.s, et veill«»r a la stricte ohM»rvation des regle- 
ments stipules. Ces fnnctionnaires seixml traites avec les egards 

• S. P.. Vol. n», p. 12W. Tliii Tn'atT it ih> 1*thi*'T in fonn*, but it i« hiitoricallj 
iiiUrMliiig aod imiMiiant. 

14t> 



Oct 21,184^1] CHINA AND FKANi*E. [Mo. 86. 

[Comin«rc«, Ste»] 

I't i.i cuii.fiilii'iuliun «|ui Icur Sunt Ju> ; leiii^ ra|i]>ui'l.s el cuiumum- 
cations oni.'iolk-s a\cc raiitnritc :»uiK'rieuix' ile leur rt^sideiice serout 
t'taMis siir lu pit'il de lu plus iKirfaite t'galiti*. S'iU avaicnt k se 
plaindro iK*s |»nx «'•«!-'-* ili* hulite an tori tr, ils s'ailn-«s*'n»iit directe- 
inciil ail ^urinti'iidant «ltM ;' ]N>i-ts <»n, a snn dt^faiit, an haul foiic- 
ti(»iinaire dc la |>rnvino(\ qui i«\aiuiiiera uiAreiuHit leun fdaintes i*t 
V fiT.i ilruii, s'll \ a litMi. Kn i.as d*al«*oiic«* ilu Consul ou de 
rA;:i*iit ruusulain*. !«•> (Mpitaincft I't n«'«;(KMantH Frani^ain auroiit la 
fai-ultr dr i«Tniiiii fi rintrrvt-ntiiin du Consul d'unc INiissance 
aniie, nu liifii. ^'jl n'y avail |*as ]>4>ssilulit4* dt* le faire, do s'adre«ser 
diu'(t«-iiiciit ail I liut d«* la l>(>uun(\ IcijUtd avisi-ra aux nioyeus 
iriiss!»n*r ail \« I IN i-aiiitaiiirs «tu nr^«wianH lous lus Wnt'ticinj du 
l»rr**nl Trail*'-. 

AKTin.K V. 

Fifiii'h t^/iifKi t»f W'nr hviif /nt sttftiniuif in each of the 5 Ports. 
Frrnrh Shif.'s t*/ ll'ifr ('f l>< /nr /rum all 1 hit Us. 

II M'la Inisilili* .1 Sa Ma)f'>t«* rKinifi-ix'ur des Fran(;ai8 de fairv 
.-iiitit'iiiM'i' un lialii. • i ill- ;^utric dans charun des 5 )>«iit8, a reflet 
• li* niaiiit*'nii b* \»*\ ••i<lif t.-t la divi|din«* |iarnu Ivn tn|Ui]ia)jes des 
naviiii iiiaR-JuUHN. •! d* ta« ilili-i rcxi-ivii-t' tl«* raulorilel.onHulailv. 
1-^"^ nn*>urr.s nrr«*- .uirs s«*i.ihl j»iiM*s |Hinr que la |»n*!«*n<.*« des 
su.sdil^ KitinienU di' >:u('rii' n'rhiraine uucun inc<»nvenient ; i*t 
liMir> (-"inniandants iro'\n»nt I'tinlre du tain? i'X<Vut4'r K*s dwiiosi- 
tinua iiicnliniiiii'«-> a rAitirJe XXIII, |»;ir rapiMUl uux comniunicu- 
tions uve'j la U-rw.* el a la } nil ice de^i e4uipa«:('S. II est bien en- 
tendu. d'iiillt'urs, *[\\v les Ixiiiinents de ^'u«Tn^ Fnini;uis ne sauraient 
eln* frajjjKs d'au«-un liioit ijui'l«.ini«iu»*. 

AirrniK vi. 

/;».#. .,'i« / //» , / .' 1*1 f .p ' I* : ■. \t .i.-J (. "fit , iff. M -'-f'tH't* rt*f-tf'(t'/l 

Tr»ttfw it, 

Ia*:) liiHit^ d*iiii|i«<itathiu t't d I \|NiitatiMh |»u-K'\ea dans lt*a 
I'oits .Nur le ( oinnii'K'c Fian*ais st-runt ii'*^l«;s eonfi>in)enient au 
laiif aniifXi' .lU |»i«'«»fnl. -nu^ !♦• H,«an il la »i;;nature de.s I*l«nijM». 
trntiaiii^ ii'>iN>itit>. M«>\riiiMiit ra«'i|iiittriii(*iit dt- 4vs droits, i Ion I 
d i-.-'l rxpn «»>»'nu 111 inlt-i-iit daujiiiriiitr Ic niuiilant a laxtMiir, et 
ipu- in* {M»r.ii.i .ii^uiaxti all* iiiif «--j.«. r A*- <li.ir;;»*s ou df surlaxei 
Hui'l««'»i'jUi .-, !•■- Ki.iU'.ii- vi'iiii Ii'mi-^ d iiu|»»ri* r fU riiin*.*, il».*a 
|H»it> liah'.ii-' vl I Ira !!;:•• I •., ii d*fX|«.rt«-i • u'al«.*U4i*iil jHiur l«»ule 
dr-'l'.iia:!"!:!^ liiii^r^ 1,.H iiiiirchah«i>»'^ •.»;: in* -«-i«iii; |«a.*, an j'»ur 'le la 
siu'naUin* du i»r«-i'iil TraiU* t-l irai-ii- l.i rLi>-iii.-a!;i.n ilu lanf ei- 
cnntri", r«»1'j» ! .iuiK- i»p'lii^iii«'ii i«»nnfll'' ••«! d'un u:**w \»*th' A\m'\:ial. 
Ix* timivi rnriut-ni riiiiii.i^. i»iioii..4ni .t !:i !.;• uli*.- d'aiutiu-nli-r juir 
la Miilt' li- ii«»ni!>i«- d*"* trti- l.--* p jiUl* i • ••liln lMii«i»* ••u ni«in(f]*ole, 
auruii«: ni'Mliii.'aiiMn iw )- liira «'tif <li>ri. haxani a|'|Niru^' au susdil 
taut «^u'a|'rv:* uih- mtcnic i»rial.i'-.lf uvvc Ic iiouvcrnciuent Fltui- 
f^ais, et dc !!^»n plfin i-l vutiei rousenlenient 

15!J 



Mo. 20.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Oct. 24, 1 W4. 

[OommMro*, Ac] 

A r^^ard du tarif, ausni bien que ])our toute stipulation intro- 
duite ou k iutroduire dans les Traitcs existants, ou qui seraient 
ulttfrieurement conclus, il demeure bien et d&ment ^tabli que lea 
n^gociants, et en general tous les citoyens Fran^ais en Chine, 
auront droit, toujoui-s et partout. au traiteinent de la nation la 
plus favoris^e. 

ARTICLE VII. 
Transit Dues. 

Toules nmivhandisos Franraises, apies avoir no^|uitte duus Tun 
di*s 5 ports les droits de douane li([uides d'aprcs le tarif, pourront 
etre transportees dans Tinti^rieur par les n^^ociants Chinois, sans 
avoir a subir aucune autre chai*ge Hupplimentaire que le payement 
des droits de transit, suivant le taux modert^ actuellenient en 
vigueur, leS4|uels droits ne seront susceptibles d'aucune augmenta- 
tion future. 

Si des agents de la Douane Chiuoise, rontrairemcnt a la tencur 
du present Article et du prikedent, oxigeaient des n^tributions 
illegales ou prebjvaient dt*s droits plus uloves, ils seraient punis 
suivant les luis do rKnii>ire du Milieu. 

AliTlCLK VIII. 

VontralHtnd and Fraud. Confiscntion of Merchandise hy Chinese 
(ioceniment. Frenrh Uorernment to pre cent fraudulent use of 
their Flag. 

La publi(*ation tKun tarif convenable et n'gulier otaut desormais 
tout pretexle a la eontrelmnde. il n est pas a pi-esumer qu'aucun 
acte de cette natui-e soit comiuis par des batinients de commerce 
Franrais dans les 5 ports. S'il en etait autroment, toute marchan- 
dise intnuluito en r<»ntrel»ande par de*; navires ou des negmriants 
Franeaiti ilans Tun <leK jwa-ts j»reciles. ijuelle-^ i|ue suient d'uilltMiis 
sji valeur et sa natui*e, rnniine aux'^i t«»ute denree proliilK-'e, 
deiwinpiee fraudulensenient, snout siiisii-s par I'autorite locale et 
eonfiwiuees au profit du (iouvernement diinois. En outre, celui-ei 
pourr.i, si iKiii lui semble, inteiilire Tentree de la Miine au batinient 
surpris en contravention, et le contraindre \ partir aussitOt apres 
Tapuration de ses eomptes. 

Si <[Uelque navire etnmgtr se couvrait fniuduleusemcnt du 

{Mivillon de la Fnuue, le (M»uvernenient Fnin(;ais vermit i prendre 
es me-^ures necessiiiivs \n}\\x la repression et cct abus. 

AirriCLE IX. 

Abolition of Privilnjed Corjhfratiotis in Canton. Freedom of Import 
and Eji*ort Trade. lUprebcntativn to be made by Consuls for 
infractions. 

La corporation priviK-giee, counuo prccedemment & Canton 

151 



Oct. 24, 1844] OIIINA AND FRANCE. [No. 26. 

[Oomm«rc6, Ac] 

AIIT[CLE XIV. 

French Vessels not having broken hulk, and leaving within 48 hours, 

not liahlc to Duties. 

Tout batiinent Franqais entrc ilaus uii port de Chine, et qui ii'a 
point encore lev^ le permis de di'ibar([uenient mentionn^ plus bas k 
TAiticle XVr, pourra, dans les 2 joui*s do son arrivee, quitter le 
port et so rendre dans un autre, sans avoir k payer ni droit de 
tonnage ni droit de douane, attendu qu*il les acquitteni ultdrieure- 
uient dans le port oix il eft'ectuera la vente de ses inarchandises, 

ARTICLE XV. 
Tonnage Dues, Exemjjtions, 

Apres Pexpiration des 2 jours susmentionn^es, et avant de 
proceder au d^chargenient, cliaque b&timent de commerce Fran^ais 
acquitt^ra integralement les droits de tonnage ainsi r^gWs : pour les 
navires de 150 tonneaux de la jauge legale et au-dessus, k raison de 
5 maces (un demi-tael) i)ar tonneau ; pour les iiavires jangeant 
moins de 150 tonneaux, a raison de un mace (un lOfeme de tael) 
par tonneau. Toutes los retributions et surchai'ges additionncUes, 
ant(5rieuremeiit imposees il Tarrivee et au depart, sont expressdment 
supprim^es et ne pourront etre remplac^es par aucune autre. 

Lors du payement du droit pr(5cit^, le chef de la Douane 
d^livi*era au capitaine ou consignataire un re^u en forme de certifi- 
cat constataut que le droit de tonnage a ^t^ integralement acquitt^ ; 
et, sur Texhibition de ce certificat au chef de la Douane de tout 
autre des 5 ports oii il lui conviendrait de se rendre, le capitaine 
sera disi)eu86 de payer de nouveau pour son b&timent le droit de 
tonnage, tout navire Francjais ne devant en 6tre passible qu'une 
seulc fois k cliacun de ses voyages d'un pays etranger en Chine. 

Sont exemptis du droit de tcninage les barques, goelettes, 
bateaux caboteurs et autres embarcations Fran(jaiaes, pontees ou 
uon pontiles, employ(5es aux transports des passagcrs, bagages, 
lettres, comestibles et geueralenient de tons objets non sujets aux 
droits. Si Icsdites enilDarcations transportaient en outre des mar- 
chandises, elles rentreraient dans la categoric des navires jaugeant 
moins de 150 tonneaux, et payeraient a raison de un 106me de tael 
(un mace) par tonneau. Les negociants Fran<jais pourront toujours 
affreter des jonques et autres embarcations Chinoises, le.squelles ne 
seront soumises a aucun droit de tonnage. 

ARTICLE XVL 

Permit for loading and unload ing Merchandise. Verification of 
Merchandise, Assessment ^/ad xixloYQva Duties, Duty to he patd 
on net weight. Infer vcjitian of Consxd. Beduction of Duty on 
Damaged Goods. 

Toutes les fois qu'uu negociant Frau(^ais aura des marchaudise^ 

154 



up- 86.] i UINA AND FRANCE. l<>ct. 24, 18*4. 

[Oommaro*, Ac] 

chaque port en {>ariieu]ier, par le Consul on Agent (*onsu]aire. 
Iei|uel la fixera convenableincnt, cmi i-aison <Io lu distance pai\M)uruo 
et des circonstances de la'navkmtion. 

ARTICLE XII. 

Chinese CuMom-Houst' Officers on Imoi'iJ Fi^envh Vtsmls J'nr jn-ttrnfion 
of Fraud, Ej:jt^nsis to In* horns by Chiacs*' Anthuritifs, 

Des iiue le piloU* aura introduit uii iiavin^ di* cnniinerce 
Fraufjais dans le port, le diet" <le la Douant^ deh'jiuera un on deux 
preposA* pour surveiller le navii-e et eniiH'cher qu'il nr se j)ratic|ue 
aucune fraudc. ('e8 im'poses pourront, stdon li»ur convenanee, 
rester dans leur pnipre bateau on se tenir ;\ ImjhI du batinient ; 
les frais de leur soldr, nourriture el enti-etien.sinuit a la rlnir^'ti ile 
la douane Chinoise, et ils ne pourront exi«^'er au<*une indeinnitr on 
ivtribution ijuelconque du eapitaine ou du consignataire. Toutt* 
contravention h. res dispositimis enininu*ra une punition pi-ojior- 
tionnelle au montantdc Texaction, la(iuelle,en outre, s«.ra iniegi-are- 
ment rostitueo. 

AIJTK LK XIII. 

Mi very of Ships PujH'r.'i. Prnnltif for no/i'tfrfivrri/ wUhin 48 htmrs. 
Pakulty fitr brrahin*/ hulk inthmt J*trmif, nnti Conpi^idtion of 
Aferrhantfise lantfnf. 

I)ans les 24 beuri's <pii .^ni\rniit rairivt-f dun uiiNiir m* loni- 
nieree Fninrais dans I'un drs 5 jKnts, \o capitainr, >*il nVst tlunn*nt 
eniiMVhe, et, j\ son di'faul. li* .sul»n'»car;zut' ou U* rniisignatiuii*. devni 
se rendre au (Vm.sulat de Frain-e. el n-nn'ttre mtrr h-s mains du 
< 'un.su 1 les papiers de bord. K'>i coiniaissfuienls et b* ni:inifesh» ; 
dans les 24 heun»s suivanles. b* Consul «'nvi»rra au ibet" di* la 
LKmane une note drlailb'i^ inditiuanl b* n(an du navii-e, ]<* nMe 
d*equipa^e,le tonnage lej^al du balinirnt et la naturr ili* son cbarL;!'- 
ment. 8i, i)ar suite de la n«'\t;li;^t'nrf du rapilaine, <Hitc dernirre 
formalite n'avait pu T-tre aeeoniplir <lans les 4S luMirt's tpii suivronl 
rarrivL^e du navire, le eapilaine si*ni juissible d'unt* amende de 
50 piastres jmr jour de n*tard, ati protil du Gouvernemml Chinois: 
lailite amende, toutefois, in* inairia di'paswr la .soinme de 200 
piastres. 

Aussitot apW's la rOceptiiin tb* la note transmise ]»ar le <'onsulat, 
lo chef de la I)ouane drlivri'va b* ]M*rmis dNaivrir la cab*. Si b» 
rapitainc, nvant d'avctir reru le iK*rmis pn'rilr, avail ouvi'rt sa <'ale 
et conmienci' a d«'Tbar;4er. il jnanra Ttre cniMlamne a unr amende 
de 500 piastres, et les niarrbnndist'sdi''l>Mnpu'csi>ourront etrfsaisit»*», 
le tout au pn>fil du <Iuu\rrnrmi*nt Cbin<»i*?. 



i:»8 



Ott 24. IbWj CHINA ANI> FKANt E. LNo. M. 

^Comm^rc*. Ac] 

AirncLK XIV. 

Fnttih J't*.^N tittt hai'iiuj hrultii bulk, and loictntj icithin 48 fti»urs, 

nL»t iinNc to I>t'tirs. 

TdUt hatiiueitl FiuiK^ai.s tnti<' ilaiis uu {xnt de i'liiiie, ut «|ui iiu 
|M)iiit ciKon* K'Vt' ie ]K.*Miiis di' ili'')*:iri[iuMiieiit nieiitit>iiiii' 11I114 itaa k 
rAiliclf XVI, jM»urra. d:iiis l«*s L* jours ilc son a rrixVf, quitter le 
|Kirt i't M' iviidre «lniiH uu aiitte. snus nvuir u )>iiyt*i' ni droil de 
ttiiiiia;;** ni dri>it dr dtiuani'. attrndu <|u'il lt*8 uc4uitt«*ni nil/' i-ic*u la- 
ment dan:3 It- jNiit tiu il ifltM tuii.i la venit? i|e so.s niaivliundisos. 

A urn LK XV. 

Tonaatj^ I hi* a. Kuntijttions. 

Apres IVxpiratiun dt*.s 2 jours susnientionueeH, et avaut da 
pHM'i'dor uu tiiVliari^'nient, rliaqut* UitinitMit de cumnien:*ti Fnini^is 
a(N}uitt«*ra inti .rralcineni led (jroits di* tonua^^e ainsi regies: pour lea 
navirns (!«.• ir>0 tiumonux d** la jauije lr«rak* rt au-ilea<)u^. & raison de 
r> nia>'<'^ Hin di*nii'tai.*l) )m) tMnn*MU ; |Niur K*s navires jau^eant 
nioins d«* l.'iU tonnt*aii\. .1 Mi>-nn di* ini ntae<' (un 10i*me tie tael) 
par tiiiiiicau. Toui«*^ l*"" rt'tiilintions ft suri'liai^es atlditionnelles, 
antt'riciuvint'nt i!M|HiM'«'sa raiii\t'f et an dt'part.sont oxpn^Hst'iuent 
sui))»riin«M»H «*i nt* iMiurront i*-tn* rtMuphures )Kir aucunt^ autre. 

b>rs du ))ay<*nit'nt du tlmit pnVitis le clirf de la Douano 
delivrcra au capitainr on ('on<.i^rnaiaire uu rei^'U en foniie de certiti- 
cat ronstatant t^ue leiiroit de t«»nna^e a ete inte;;ralement actiuittc^ ; 
ett sur IVxIiilntion de ce certitiait au rhef de la I>ouane ac tout 
autre des 5 )Mirts ou il lui mnviendrait de se reiitlre, le capitaine 
sera «lisjNii!?«' de |>a\fr de iJouv»;.ai j-iur son liatinient le droit de 
tonna-je, tout navire Fr.in'ai< iii* iji'vant en etre i»a«ssihle qii'nne 
»»ettlf t»'i a < li.piui i[.' -i- vi.\,i_'i « d un pav-i . iraUL'tr ••n <*hinf*. 

Soijt txi'nipl*'-^ d»i «iii»it i\*' t«'nnav:»* l«*s liari|Ur.4. yiM'letle?*, 
I«.ili-.iu.v rnlH»i«MU'^ et anlii"* < nd>ai.Mtion^ Fi^.in<;ai*H*'», |n»ntees t»u 
inai jHint/f-, i-ni|»ln\ «'■»-* i*u\ lraiiH|Ntrt'« «les |»;iH«s;ivjrr'*. Uipijjen, 
lettn*"*, c'luif-iilili-s ri ^« n<'i.tii-ini*nt «!♦• Utw^ olgrt.s non sujeti aux 
droii.s. Si lodites i-nil»;in'ati««n- I ra n«»)»«»ftiifnt en outnr de8 niar- 
rl:a!idi^f<. ••Iji-s rf!itr»Tai»i»l d-in-* l.i 1 .i!f;4orir des navinM jau^(*aiit 
ni«»iii> d»' l.'ai iiinii'-aiix, • t j-.iy. rai*!it .1 lai.-^iu de un lOeine de tael 
(nu nia'-t' par ti ninaa. 1.*'^' n«.'j«H i.mt^ Fran<;ai8 |M)urront tiuijuurs 
atfii't*!' d«-^ i"li«[Ui'S t'l autii-.- i-ini«ai« ali'fli- < hiliuiMf^, lrii|uell»*S IIC 

Ainn u: xvi 

Per*' lit r r !->'-f',i'/ tn^f uu'-^'-hnf M^rihamlise. Verifieation of 
JA ,./,/,»./ 1 W-. A ^^^-.' *■ ' . /' .i«l \ al«-r»iii I hit Us. Duty t^ he paid 
(•I }\'( v\i'i',t I,*»'\ vt "a I'j Cvutu ! lUdiiciivn vf I/uiy on 

Ihl' I'tjtd (i.\d. 

Ttjuli'S If 9 Ui\3 i^ii'ini ii« 'r., i.tut Fian^'itit aura des uiarcLibdisea 

r4 



Ho. aikl CHINA AKD FRANCE. TOcf. 24, ISU. 

rOommerce, Ac] 

k embarquer ou k d^barquer, il ilevra d al>ord en reinettre la note 
d^taiU^e au Consul ou Agent Omsulaire, qui chargera immediate* 
ment nn interpr^te reconnu du Consulat d'en donner communica- 
tion an chef de la Douane. Celui-ci d(5livrera sur-Ie-charop un 

rtrmis d'embarquement ou de debarquement. II sera alors proced^ 
la verification des niarchaudises daus la forme la plus convenable 
pour qu'il n'y ait chance de perte \)Out aucune des parties. 

Le n^gociant Franc^ais dcvm se faire rupn^enter sur le lieu de 
la verification (s'il ne prefure y assistcr lui-mome) par une i»er8f)nne 
r^unissant les quality's renuises, a Teflbt de veiller k ses intc'^rets au 
moment oii il sera proc(5de k cette verification pour la li(|uidation 
des droits; fauto de quoi, t«>ute r(^clamation utterieure restera nulle 
at uon avenue. 

En ce (jui concerne len marchan<lises taxc'cs ad valorem, si le 
n^gociant ne pent tomber d'acconl avec reniployi* ( 'hinoiH sur la 
valeur k fixer, chaque partie apjKjllcra 2 «»u 'A uv^^ociauts charges 
d*6xaniiner les marchandiscH, et le prix le plus elcvc ciui sera ottert 
par Tun d*eux sera n'pute constituer la valeur ruelle desdites 
marchandises. 

Les droits seront pnUevus sur le poids net ; on dtMluira, en con- 
s^uence, le poids des einlwllages et contonants. Si le ne^ociant 
Franqais ne jxjut s entendre avec renjployu Chinois sur la fixation 
de la taxe,chanue i>artie choisira un certain nombre de Ciiisses et de 
liallots ])anni les colis. objet.s du litige ; ils seront d*al>onl pes^^s 
brut, puis taxes ensuite, et la taxe ninyenne des rolia jh'SOs servini 
de taxe pour tons les autres. 

Si pendant le cours de la vitrification, il s'eleve quel(|ue difticulte 
qui ne puisse etre resolu, le n<5gociant Franqais ]>oun'a n'clamer 
I'lniervention du Consul, lequel iMirtera sur-le-champ I'objet de la 
contestation k la connaissance du chef des Douanes, et tons deux 
s'efforceront d'arriver a un arrangement amiable. Mais la n*clama- 
tion devra avoir lieu dans les 24 lieuros.sinoii il n'v sera pas doinie 
suite. Tant que le jugement de la contestation restem jiendant. 
le chef de la Douane n'en portera i»as I'objet sur ses livros. 
laissant ainsi toute latitude j>f»nr IVxanien et la solution de la 
difficulte. 

Des marchandises inipoii»'«es (|ui nnniiint eprouve des avaries 
jouiront d'une reduction de droits pi-oportionnelle a leur depivoia- 
tion: celle-ci sera determinee equitablement, et, s'il le faut, ]>ar 
expertise contradictoire, ainsi qu'il a etc stipule plus haut pour la 
fixation des droits ad valorem. 



AHTICLE XVII. 

DuiUs to be paid only on parts of Can/o landed, l>ufi/'paid Goods 
not to pay second time on rf-ex]y*rfntion. f'onfis^ntinn of 
Fraudulent and Contraband Goods, 

Tout navire Franqais entre dans Inn des 5 ]X)rts, et qui voudra 
n'y d^liarger qu'une partie de sea marchandises, ue payera les 

1 5.''> 



Ott24. 1S44; CHINA AND FRANCE. iHo. 20. 

^Comm«rc«, Ac/ 

ro;{lt^, autAiit que fniit* so ]Mmrra. C4»iifnrni<^meiit k lu inoveiiiie dea 
]>rix l«»cuux. lies autoritt-s rliiiuiist's 4*mi»iVheront leura iiationaux 
lie surfuire ou dVxiger dt-s |»rix fxttrbitaiits.ct le CoiiRul.desou cottf, 
veillera i\ co 4110 les Fran^aJH irusont {»a9 dtf vit»kMiee o\\ de iron- 
trainte pour forcor it* otiiseuUMUPut des ]»mi»ri<^taires. II est liien 
entendu, d*ai Ileum, que le iioinlire des niaifions et letendu des ter* 
raiiiH ;\ atri'C'tiT aux Fraiivais ilaiis les 5 ]K)rt.s lie seroiit points 
liiuitvs, (*i qu'iis s<*r(»iit d('ttTniiiu*8 d'apivs lea besoinn et les coii- 
venatuv? tlfs ayauts dn»it. Sidfs diiuoi? violaient ou dctniisaient 
(frs rji^lisi's nu d«»s ciiiu»ti«*rt».'< FniiH;ais, les roupaMe« peraieiit punis 
8uiv:it)t t«»nti' la ri!»u«'nr dos l«»is ilu pays. 

AKTIi LK XXm. 

Privilftjfs to Fnut'h SuhjcctAfind C*»hiHifrc€ i/i oj^fn Ports. Consular 
lUtfulutittns (n /»»• fr*tmfd h»r hxndin»i of French Sailors, Freneh* 
wfn fov/itf fntn/lititj outxith prfsi-rOtftl Limits to bf taken to 
71 ra rest t^on.^uhit^. 

I^*d Fr.iii(;ais ri'sidaiit ou «lo |i;iHsa^e dans uu di*s r» porta 
)Miurroiit circular tlati.s Imr voi>iiiuure iiuniediat et y vrnpier u leun 
<MVUpatioiis iiu*<i'<«i liliri'iih'iit (|nf It-N iiationaux. Mais ils lie [lour- 
font dt''i»a«*s«T ccrtaii.*"* liniit**'i,«pii .senuit tixt'rs dt* ronuuun ar<*«nl 
enin* le Tnnsul ri l^iuloiit/* l«Ma|r, ni.sinis aucuii pn'i«»xte, w? livn*r 
& lien o|it^iationN connuiTcialcs #'ii ili-lions <li» ct^s liiuitcs. (Vlles-ei 
s-roiii I'^dvnu'iit n*sp<Mi»'f.s jmi- Ifs 4''(|ui])]ip\s ilt\s liAtiineiits 
Franrais niouilli's daii*^ cliacuu ili-vlits |N»rtri. Cjuautl dcM lauteloU 
de.si*«>ndront a Wrv\\ ils Sfpiiit si»uiiii:» a «U*s n'::l«'iu«*iits dc diHcipliiie 
M|NViale qui siTont arirti'*^ |iar li* Consul I'l coiimiuiiiqui'S a 
ruut«iriti* IiN-alf. «li.* luaiiitiv ;i prrVfiiii. aiitaiil ijui* |Mis.sii)Iv, toute 
iNTasjiiii dr qui'M'llf fiiiri' l«-^ h.iMTr-^ KiaiK'aii et les ;^eiis du 
jiays. 

Si, «'i»iitiair«iiiriil aux pii"»»'nif^ •h'»p«»-itii«ii^. d**-* FiaiH;ait, qu*tU 
t|U*il.s >oi«Mit, >'a>i'Utuiairiit t-n «l«')i >is4li-> linnt*"^ mu ]>i'iit'traieut au 
loin ^lan^ rintiiii-ur. il> jmurroiil rtiv ain-u"^ pai rautf»riti*< ')iini»i*««', 
la'(UfI|( . dnii^ •-«• ■ .iH, M-ia tt-uuf dc lf« t.iii*' 4-*>nduir«f au Coii^idal 
Fran^ais du p^rt li* plu- viu<in , luai^ il %'^x (<*rnMdl«'nient intmlit 
.1 t«'Ut nidiM'lu «|iifl' "U'lu** ilf fi.ip]»'r. d** it|»-*M'r i»u f|p lualtr.iiter 
pii au< nuf !M.ii.:«ii- It > Kr.UM\4i> a»n>i .in'*l«'<. di* |Hur dt? tpuil'ler la 
lMtiin»* li.irn."nie *\\a «i«i^ p ::n-i mtir V-^ L' en ; pi res, 

AliTirr.K XXIV 

Fu» I •/» ijijtfn* I y /utt n • ' • /< r • j «• . f 1/ Fr^ ■■"•/'♦ ■^" ' " .' •: !. 1 '<« rff/ 1" f*'irn 

Sa If aioi jw r*'h /? v **f Ji*"' ks fr^^. 

Ij\s Frati<;aii». dai.s !•■,« ."» jM.its. j^Nnirront «l.«»jKir lil-reuiiiil oi a 
]irix dt-Uittu t'litre Iv.s p.iiUcs. ou ^<»ls la m-u1«* intfixenliim du 
<*onsul. des cuiupradurs. luteiprites. ecnvains. ouvnen, baUdiers c-t 
d«imestiqucs . ils aurout. en outre, U faculte d'yiga^r des iettrrs 

\h9. 



llo.M.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Oct. 24, 18U. 

[fkwninOTO», fte.] 

du pays pour appreiidre a parler on k ecrire la langue ('liiuoise et 
toiite autre Ian<;ue ou dialecte usit^ daus Tempire, conime aussi de 
ae faire aider par eux, soit |)our leurs ecritures, soil pour des travaux 
scieiitifiques ou litteraires. Us pourront dgalement euseigner k tout 
sujet Cliinois la langue du paysou de8 langues ^trang^res, et veiidre 
sans obstacle des livres Fran^ais, ou acheter eux-niemas touted 
aortes de livres Chinois. 

ARTICLE XXV. 

Corufular Jurisdiction, iiUerveation in ComplainU hftween French and 

Cfiinese. 

LorHqu'uu citoyeii Fram^ais aura ijuelque sujet de plaiute ou 
quelque reclamation a formuler contre un Chinois, il devra d abord 
exposer ses griefs au (.'onsul, qui, api'fes avoir examine Taffaire, 
s'efforcera de I'arranger amiablenient De mSme, quand un 
Chinois aura a se plaindi*e d'un Franc^ais, le Consul ecoutera sa 
reclamation avec intdret et cherchera k nu*nager un arrangement 
amiable. Mais si, dans Tun ou I'autrecas, la chose ^tait impossible, 
le Consul rec^uerra Tassistance du fonctionnaire Chinois competent, 
et tous deux,apr^s avoir examine c< ui join temeutrafiaire.statueront 
suivaut requite. 

ARTICLE XXVI. 

Protection of Persona and Projterty oj Frencli Subjects. 

[Same as Austria-Hungary, No. 20, Art. XLI.J 

Si dorenavant des citoyens Fran^ais, dans un des 5 ports, 
eprouvaient quelque dommage, ou s'ils ^taient I'objet de quelque 
insulte ou vexation de hi |>artdeHujets (,'hinoi8,ceux-ci8erontpour- 
suivis piar Tautorite locale, (|ui prendra les mesures necessaires pour 
la defense et la protection des Fran^ais. A bien plus forte raison.si 
des malfaiteurs, ou quelque partie egaree de la {)opulation, tentaient 
de piller, de detruire ou d'incendier les maisons, les magasins des 
Franc^ais on tout autre etablissement form^ par eux, la m^me 
autorite, soit k la requisition du Consul, soit de son propre mouve- 
ment, enverrait en toute hate la force aimee |H)ur dissiper 1 emeute, 
s'emparer des con)Nibles et les livrer a toute la s^^veritt' des lois : le 
tout sans prejudice des poursuites a exercer |)ar qui de droit pour 
indemnisatiou des pertes eprouvees. 

ARTICLE XXVII. 

Hffpremtm of Crimes, Chinrsc to be tried by Chinese Authorities, 

ami French by French Cofmds. 

Si, malheureusement, il selevait tjuelque rixe ou quehjue 
querelle entre des Frau(;ais et des Chinois, comme aussi dans le cas 
00, durant le cours d'uue semblable querelle, un ou plusieurs in 

159 M 



Oct. :ii, 1HU.J CHINA AND FRANc£. LNo. 26. 

[Ooaim«r<My Ae.] 

diviilus seraient tuos i>u )»les8es,8<>it jjardes coupe cle t'eu. miit autre- 
ni(*iit, le8 ChinoiH serout arreU'H \mr Tautorite diinoise, tjui ne 
rhaivenide le8 fairt^ exainiutr et puiiir, 8'il y a lieu, eonfonnement 
aux loiA (iu pavH. Quant aux FraiivaiH, ils seroiit arivUfs a la dili^noe 
du CoiiHul, et wlui-ci prendra toute» les ineHurus iiec^tMsaireR pour 
i\\w left prevenus soient livn*8 a Taction reguliiredes loiH Fran^aises, 
<IanK la forme et suivant led disixisitioiis tjui seront ulu*rieureuient 
deterniineefi |>ar le (tnuvenienient Kninvais. 

II en .si*ra de lueine en toute cireouMtauee analogue et Don pnWue 
dans la pnWnte ( 'onvciition. li* princ'i|>e eUuit que, }K>ur la nfprefwion 
d<»M cnines et tlelitn cotnuiis \Mr eux «lanH len ."> }x»rtH, les Fran(;aifl 
H'n»nt constanauent rt*^H |>ar la loi Franvaiae. 

ARTICLE XXVIII. 

Frriwli SithJerU to U' uiulrr Frenvh Jurunliciion, (UnneM mti to 
uUerJert in difftn-ncfn httiCfrn Fnnrhmen ami Furtigncrg, 
Fr*iu:h VesstU to be utuicr Frttich Auiharity, 

Lett Fmnrai8 t(ui 84' tri>uvcn»nt dan8 len .'> fioita de]iendront 
i*^dement. ]M)ur touU'S Ie8 dithrult4*8 ou le« contestatious qui 
p(»umuent sVlever entre eux, de la juridietion Fran^aise. Kn c«« 
lie diftenMuU nurvenus enln» Franvai8 el etranj;iT8, il est bien 
stipule que rautoriti* i'hinoim.* n aura a sen mrdertlHUcune nianiere. 
Kile n aura ])areillenient a exercer aucune a^'tiou 8ur les naviri'S 
niarclmniLs Fran^ais ; ceux-ci ne ixdevenmt t|ue de TRutorit^ 
Fran^aise et du ca]ntaine 

AKTICLE XXIX. 

PurtsHit of PiniUs, PuniihMfnt fur fuyl€ci of dyty. 

[Similar U) Ilenmark, No. 26, Art XIX.] 

AKTICLE XXX. 

Ftu'tlUuA to Fretuk V'es»U of War nnti Commtrct m Chinese Ports 
irrrcks, «^r. Assuttanc* to f*rfw anti Rrwrtry of Caryo, 

[Sum- iu- iVl-ium, No. 21, Art XLII.] 

Tout UUiment de >(U«rr\* Fiunvais < nasiint jiour la pn»tection 
ilu o»mmen f s«»ra n'vu m .mu k mule coinme tel itinM tous lt« 
|«>rts de riiiiif «iu il s«- preM-nu-iu. i.V^ iidtiuients jiuumint s'y 
pnieurer len d»vi-r> olijrt.s d«' reelninp- el de ruviuillenient dmit ils 
auraient I»e.s4iin. tl. s il» i»nl tail di*?^ avane», lej> rejMnT, el aiheter, 
tUns le liul. lr«* maUriaux n« revwiireii. le l4>ul mujs la moiudre 
opp<K<ition. 

II ens«'ni dt* mt'-mc* a i'euMid dv> navire.s dr rumuieieie Franyaui 
«iui. jmr suiU' iravaries majeures ou |iour luute autre cause, 
senutMit (*<»titr.<iiiu de rlien her refu-^e daui* quelque jiort iliinois 
que ce lUU 



Mo. 20.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Oct. M, 1M4. 

[fkwninOTO», fte.j 

Si (|uelQu'un de ces b&timenta venait k se perdre sur la cote, 
Tautorite Cninoise la plus proche, d^ qu'elle eu serait inform^, 
porterait sur-le-chaiup assistance k T^uipage, pourvoirait a ses 
premiers besoins, et prendrait les uiesures d'urgeiice ii^cessaires 
pour le sauvetage du navire et la preservation des niarchandises. 
Puis elle porterait le tout k la connaissance du Consul ou Agent 
Consulaire le plus k ))ort<5e du sinistre, pour que celui-ci, de concert 
avec Tautorite conip^tente, pftt aviser aux luoyens de rapatrier 
I't^uipage et de sauver ies debris du navire et de la cargaison. 



ARTICLE XXXI. 

Surrender of French Seamen Deserters, and others, Suj-render oj 

Chinese Deserters ami Criminais, 

[Same as France, No. 27, Art. XXXII.] 



ARTICLE XXXII. 

French Commrrcc not to be restricted in case of War between China 

and another Power. 

Dans le cas «*i!i, par la suite des temps, la Chine entrerait en 
guerre avec une autre Tuissance, cette circonstance ne porterait 
aucune atteinte au libre commerce de la France avec la Chine ou 
avec la nation ennemie. I^es navires Fran9ais pourront toujours, 
sauf le cas de blocus efl'ectif, circuler sans obstacle des ports de 
Tune aux ports de Tautre, y tratiquer comme k Tordinaire, et y 
importer ou en exporter toute esp4ce de marchandises non pro- 
hib^ea. 



ARTICLE XXXIII. 
Transaction of business between French and Chinese Authorities. 

1 >^somiais les correspondances officielles entre les autoriuU et 
les fouctionnaires des 2 pays seront r^gl<^s suivant les rangs et les 
positions re8|)ectives, d'apr^s la base de la n^ciprocite la plus 
aliBolue. Ces correspondances aiiront lieu entre les liauts fouction- 
naires Fran<;ais et ies hauls fonctionnaires Chinois, dans la capitale 
ou ailleurs, ))ar (U*|)eche ou (communication ; entre Ies tbnction- 
naires Fran^ais eu sous-ordre et les liautes autorites Chinoises des 
provinces, (tour les pi-emiers pur expos^, pour les seconds par d(^- 
claration ; entre les otticiers en sous-ordre des 2 nations, comme il 
est dit plus haul, sur le pied d'une })arfaite egalit<5. 

Lea negociants, et guneralement tous les indiNndus qui n out 
point de caract^re ofticiel. se serviront r^iprtxiuement de la 
formule representation dans toutes les pieces adressees ou destiiiees 
piiur reuseiguemeui uux autorilos respectives. 



Oct. 24,lMi.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [110.98. 



Toutes left fois cju'un FniiH-ai« aura k recourir a I'autorito 
lliiiioise, sa repn'*»entatioii ilevra d'aUml etrv Houiuiite au Couaiil, 
qui, si elle lui parait raisonnaMe et coiiveDahleuieiit reilip|e, lui 
cioniiera suite, et ijui. »*il en e«l autremeut, en fera modifier la 
teneurou refuwera dv la transiuettre. l^es Cliinuis. de leur wte, 
lomiu'ik aurunt a sadresner au i*on^ulat, devrcmt »ui\Te une 
niarthe aiialo^ni^' aufHvs ile TauUfnte diinoiee, laijuelle ajpra de la 
meuie maui^re. 

ARTICLK XXX IV. 
Aftxfr of Convti/anrr n/ DfUfMUchrs to ami fnnn the Court of Prhntf. 

Si. doreiiavant. le (iouvriiieiueiit de Sa Majenle rKui|»etvur des 
Franvain avait a envtiyer quelquefl d^pechen a la i'our de Pekin. 
ellei^ eeroiit tran^niiMB a leur deatinatiou jiar rentremiae du 
Surintendanl des r» |Mirt'< charge de la direction den Relations 
Exterieures de la Chine, on, i srm defaut, de Tun de« Vice-mis den 
|>n)vince8 ilu litl4»ial. a i\\\\ \v chef de 1 etahlissenient i 'onsulaire 
Fmn^ais les fern imnenir. I>*s nu'nies fonnalitis sentient ol)iierv^»H 
pour la transmission tlen r#]winse« de la Cour de Pekin. 

AKTU LK XXXV 

Uoeiijiwtum of Trffttif a/trr \2 i^enr* if nqutrtff, tlitlufiitum* rn*t 
tiffrcijiffi ni4 to he impimtii on Frrnrh Conxyl* and Syhjfrt*. 
kitjht^, FrivUfgr*, dr., of French Subjerts Afoxt'/utvureii'-natum 
Treatment, 

Sh Majeate rKm|Mireur dea Fran9aiis si ptir la suite il jufteait 
con vena) »le d'apix^rter dt'H unHliticationH a 4uelques-uue8 di*a 
clauses du pnWnt Traite. >era lil»n* d'ouvrir. a cet ett'et. ile** neuo- 
ciatiouH avec le (Jouveinenit'nl (liinois. aprt*8 un intervalle de 
12 annce.^ n'volues, a jmrtir de lV<*hanp* de.«i Ratifications. II est 
d*ailleurs «*nten<lu «[ue toute oldipiiion uon consign^ extm'sse- 
ment dans la pres4*nte (on vent ion ne saura etre im]iosee aux 
Consuls ou A<;i>nta Onsulaires Francis. no» plus qu'l^ leurs 
nationaux. tandis que, mnnm* il a et/* stipule* les tran^ais jtminuit 
de touH le.<t droits, privili^^es, imuiunit4*s et piranties quelconques 
qui uuraient «'te ou *ieniient m*eonles |jar le Oouvemement C*hinois 
k d autn»s I\iis8anc»*.H. 

ARTU LE XXXVl. 
/iattjirai%ons. 

Les hatiticatuuis du pivsent Traile <i'Amitie. <le rouinierre et 
de Navigation sen>nt e4 kanps <Uiih rintenalle tl'uii an. k partir 
du jour de la signature. i»u plus u»t si faire se |»eut. par Sa Majestc 
TEinpereur des Krant^ais el Sa Majeste lEiniiereur de Chine. 

En foi de (|uui. les rieni}it»tentiaires res|>ectifs c»nt aign^ k 
prt*M*nt Trait* , et y out appute leurs cadiets^ 

162 



MCI.2r.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [June 27. 1868. 

[fkwninOTO», *o.] 

Sign^ et 8cell^ par les Pl^nipotentiaires respectifs, k Whanipoa, 
ai bonlde la corvette Franraise h vapeur PArchimede, le 24e jour 
(lu mois d'Octibre de Tan de grftce 1844, correspondant an 13e jour 
de la 9e lune de la 24e nniK^e de Tao-KuiliL 

(LS.) KI. 

(LS.) T. DE LAGRENE. 

[Here follows the Tariff.] 

Droits de Tonnage. 

Autrefoia le droit de tounage etait flie d'apr^« le nombre de toiset Cfainoitet que 
le narire meturait en longueur et en largeur. II cttconTenu niaint«nant de changer 
oe mode ei de faire pajer au narire un droit proportionnel au nombre de tonneaux 
(lue le naTire })eut porter tuirant son enregittrement. I^ droit k pr^lerer tnr 
cnaque tonneau (et la raleur du tonneau est nxe k 122 boiMeaux Chinoia) tera de 
5 maceii, lauf let exceptions pn^rues k I'Article XV du Trait^ ci-joint. Toutet let 
aneiennet taxet de meKurage, le^ sun^hurget joumali^ret ou mentuellet k I'entr^ 
ou k la toriie dea nnriret, eOnt (*oinpl^euient aboliea. 

MARCHAXDISKS PROHIB^KS. 
iMPORTATioir. — Opium. 

(LS.) KI. 

(LS.) T. DE LAGRENK 



(No. 27.) — TREATY of FrUnf/ahip, Comnurce, and Naviyatum 
beiwttn ChiTut and France, (iUjnetl at Tien-Tsin, 21th Jum, 
1858.* 

[Ratifications exchanged at Peking, 25th October, 18r»0.] 

ARTICLE I. 

Peace and Friendship. Protection of Persons ami Property. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art. I.] 

ARTICLE II. 

Residence of Diplomatu AyeiUa in Pekin. Most-favoured-matian' 
l\tatmeni. Rights ond Privileges of Diplomatic Agents, Ap- 
pointment of Chiiicsf Diplomatic Agents in France, Most- 
fa rou rrd' mit ion Treat m cnt. 

Pour maintenir la paix si heureusement r^tablie eiitre les deux 
Empires, il a ete convenu enti« lea Hautes Parties Contractantes 
qu'i IVxemple de ce (jui se praticjue chez les nations de I'Occident, 
leu Agenta Diplomatiques dQnient accr^it&i par Sa Majesty 
I'Empereur des Krancjais aupr^s de 8a Majesty TEmpereur de U 
Chine, pourront se rendre dventuellement dans la capitale de 
TEmpin*. lorsque des affaires importantes lea j appelleront. 

• S. p. Vol r.l. l'aKo*ft37 fA2. 

k;:; 



Jani»27. 1«.«W1 CHTVA AND FRANCE. THo. 27. 

[Ooaiiii«ro«, Ac] 

11 e«t convenu ontre 1«^ Haut^^ft Partied Contractantee que, si 
Tune dea Puiaaancea qui nut \m Tmiu^ avec la Chine obtenait, pour 
sea A^ntH Diploiimtitiuesje droit dc ivaider, k poate fixe, k Pekin» 
la Kmnce jouirait iiniiHMliateiuent dii interne dmit. 

Ij*h Ag«»nta I>i])Ioinjiticji]ea joniront ivcipn>quenient. dana le lieu 
de leur n'aideiK^e, dea privil/»gp8 et iiiiiniinit4^a cjue leur aocorde le 
dn»it dea <jeiiH ; c'e«t-a-din» qut» leura peraonnea, leur faiuille, leur 
mniaon et hnir ('orroa{M>ndanc<* 8on»nt inviolahlea, qu'ila pourront 
prendre k Ifur st^rvicf 1»*8 eniployc^a, courriera. interpr^t«*a, aerviteura 
Ac., (jui leur Hen»iit rn'oeaaain^a, 

liea <l<^p«»nsea dt» touU» t*apece qu*oc<'aaionneront lea miaaiona 
diploinati(}uea de France en Chine Henmt auppnrttW par le (lou- 
verneriient Fran^iia. I>*a ^Vgenta I )ipl(>iuati4|uea (ju'il plaira k Sa 
Majeat/* rEni|M»reur de la Chine (raccn'diter aupr^a de Sa Majeat<d 
rEnii»erfur d^a Fran(;aia aerout re^ua en France avec toua lea 
honneura et toute lea pn^rogativea dont jouiflsent, k rang ^gal, lea 
Ageiita Diploiuatiquea dea autrea nations arcr^Mlit^s i^ la Cour de 
Sa Majest** TEnipereur des Fran^aia, 

ARTICLE III. 

Languwjf to hf emjioiffd in Official CommunieniumM, Fmwh Text 

of Trrnty to ty tunjfufnrd thf tirvjinal, 

liea ('oniniunicationa officiellea dea Agenta IHplc>matic)uea et 
Ciinaulairea Fran^ais avec lea auU^rit^a Chinoiaea teront <^crite8 en 
Fran^aia, main jieront accfimpagneea, pour faciliter le service, d'une 
trailuction ^'hinoiae ausai exacte que |)oaaible, juaqu'au moment oi^ 
le (fouvenieiufnt IrojX'riHl de Pckin, ayant dea interpr^tea pour 
parler et «'rrirf correctement le Franca, la correapondance diplo- 
mati(|ue aura lieu dan<<cette lan^un (M»ur lea Ap^nta Francjais et en 
(^hinoig {Miur lea function nairi'a de i*Empire. II eat amvenu (|ue 
ju.S4}ue-hi. et en chf^ de diaaidenee dana Tinterpri'tation k donner au 
text** Fnin<;aia et au texte Chiniiia au aujet dea clauses arreUk^ 
d'avance dans les Con%'entions faitea de cnmmun accord, ce aera le 
texte Fran^ais qui devra pn^valoir. 

Cette dis|ioaition est applicable au present Traits Dana lea 
com inunicat ions entn* lea autoritea dea deux paya, ce aera tiiujours 
le text«» oripnal et non la traduction cjui fern foi. 

ARTICLE IV. 

TranmctiiftiS of hiimtuu hetuxea Frtnch ami Chinem Autluiritie$ and 
Utinern Frrnrh Subyrts and ChinfM Ojfirials, 

l>eM)nimlH, lea ix>rreapondaiioea ofhciellea entre lea autoritte et 
lea function nai res dea deux pays serunt n.^1^ 8ui%'ant lea nuigs et 
les pnaitiona reniiectifs et d'aprc's lea liasea de la n*ciprnciti* la plus 
abaolue. Cea com^pundances aunmt lieu entre lea liauls function* 
uaires Fnin<;aiM et le^ hauls fonctionnaires (*hinoia, dann la capitate 
ou ailleum, |iar d^peclie on dimmuoication. Entre lea fonction- 

ld4 



No. 27.1 CHIKA AXD FRANCE. [June 27, 1868. 

[Ooiiun«roe, Ac] 

naires Fran^ais en sous-ordre et, lea hauteft aiitorit^ des j>rovince8, 
pour les premiers par expose?, pour les Beconds par d(^.claration. 
Entre les officiers en sons-ordre des deux nations, comnie il est dit 
plus haut, sur le pied (Vune parfaite (5galit(f». 

I^a n<^gociant8 et <((^n^niIeni(Mit tons les individus qui n'ont pas 
de caracti»re officiel se serviront rt^ciproquenient de la forinule 
repn'sentation dans toutes les pieces adress('»8 ou destinc^es pour 
renseignements aux autoritc^s respectives. 

Toutes les fois qu'un Fnm^ais aura a recourir a TautoritiS 
Chinoise, sa repnWntation devni d'ahord r»tre st)uinise ai\ Consul, 
qui, si elle lui |mniit raisouuable et oonviMiahleinent redigee, lui 
cionnera suite, et ([ui, s'il en est autrenient, en fera modifier la 
teneur ou refusera de la transmettre. I.*es (^hinois de leur c6t4, 
lor8<iu'ils aaront a s'adresser au ('onsulat, devront suivre une 
niarche analogue aupW's de Tan tori t<'» Ohinoise, la(iuelle agira de la 
m^me mani^re. 

ARTICLE V/ 

AypairUnient of French Consuls, Relation laith Chinese AiUharities, 
Q^nsnTs duties inay be performed hy ConsiU of friendly Power. 

Sa Majeste rEni{)ereur des Fran9ais jniurra nommer des Con- 
suls ou des Agents Consulaires daub les ports de mer ou de riviire 
de TEmpire Chinois denommes dans T Article VI du present TraiUi 
pour servir d'interinediaires entre les autorites Chinoises et les 
nt^gociants et les sujets Franc^ais, et veiller a la striate olxservation 
des rfeglements stipules. 

Ces fonctionnaires seront traites avec consideration et les ^gards 
qui leur sont dus. Leurs rapports avec les autorites du lieu de 
leur residence seront etablis sur le pied de la plus parfaite ^galit^. 
S'ils avaient a se plaindre des proced(5s de ladite autorite ils 
s'adresseraient directement^lautoriu' superieure de la province, et 
en donneraient immtkliatement avis au Ministre P16nipotentiaire de 
TEmpereur. . 

En cas d'abaeuce du Consul Francjais, les capitaines et les nego- 
ciants Fran(^ auraient la ftvculte de rscourir a I'intervention du 
Consul d'une Puissance amie ou, s'il eUiit inqK>ssible de le faire, 
ils auraient recours au diet* de la douane, (pii aviserait au moyens 
d'assurer a ces capitaines ot negociants le Ix^netice du pn^ncMit 
Traite. 

ARTICLE VL 

New Ports open Ui Foreign Commerce : — Kinntj-Tcluiu, Chaou-Chnon, 
Taiwan, TiuiHhiai, lan-Tchan, and Nankin, Passports to 
Nankin not to he delivered durimj Rebellion. 

L'exp^rience ayant demontre que loverture de nouveaux {)ort« 
au comme»ve etranger est une des ntWssites de 1 epo<|ue, il a vii 
convenu que les portfl de Kiung-Tchau et (>liaou-Chaou dans la 

• On i>i^ mh Julj, 1852, a Kranoli Uw wn* umm**.! nMi|MN-»inK tin- jir.*i«Hicfioo 
uf Kn^ieli CoiMuU in China— 8. I'. Vol. 72. rag** ^^ 

165 



Junf 27. 1«68.] CHISA ANT> FRASOB. [Ho. V* 

province de Kouan^-Ton, Taiwan et Taa«hwi dans I'tle de For- 
inoAc. province de Fo-Kien; Tan-Tcliau <lan8 la province de Chan- 
Toni^', et Nankin dans la province de Kian^-Nan Jouiront des m^niefi 
priviK*j^t\s 4iie Tanti^Hi. CMian^-Hai, Ning-Po. Amoy et Fou-Tcheou. 
Quant k Xankin, ien A^^nts Fnin9ais en Chine ne delivenmt 
de )itu<8e}K>rtM a leurs nationaux |)Our cette ville, que loreque lea 
re)iellt\M en auront W expulHos (mr lee tn>upe8 iinp(*rialea. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Pririlrfffjt to Frrnrh SuhjerU ajul Cotnjmrrt in open Parts, VeaeU 
fituf .Vrrrha/ijfiM' ludtlf to amjisration for frtiiuinlent Sttien and 
PurrhawM im th* Cotutf, ConjinratiifnJi to helonff to ChifUM 
tiotfrnment 

liCH Fnin^uia et leuF» fainilleH pournint fie trauHporter, 8 etablir 
et se livn»r au eonniierce ou \ rindu8trie en toute mk'urite et nans 
t*ntmve d*aurune esjuVe. tlan^ Ie« i)ortH et villes <le TKinpire 
Chiiiois Hitu«*H Hur les c<^teA nmritinieH et sur le^ ^[rands tieuvt^s (i(»nt 
IVnunieration e«t eontenue dam* PArticle pnVAlent. 

11m ]M)um»nt rirculer libreinent de I'un a Tautre, s^iln 8ont muniH 
de pa8se|)ort« ; niais il leur e«t fonnellenient d(!*fendu de pratiquer, 
8ur la c«^te, des ventes ou dea acIiatH clandentins. 8ou8 peine de con* 
tiscation dt*» navirea et des niaivliant lines enga^'s tlans ces op<Sni* 
tions, et t'Htte eonfbcation aura lieu au profit du Gouveniement 
(Illinois, qui devra cre|)endant, avant que la Haiaie et la confiacation 
soient lej^idenient pn»non<V«e.*». en clonner avis au Conaul Fran^ais 
du port le plus v«)isin. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

PiUitfK/rts to Frrnrh Trarttlem and MrrchntUs. PasKjnnis noi ntrt** 
mry u^iihin ctrttiin iimii* oj Piorr of Rrindencf, P(umpt>rt4 n/4 
to be ffirrn/nr places in Htbellion. 

liCs Frun<;ais qui vondront ne rendre dans les villes de rinti*rieur. 
ou dans les }M>rts ou ne s«»nt pas adrois les navires Strangers, pour- 
ront le faire en t^Mite nilrete, a la condition exprease d*^tre munis 
de passe|k>rts n^dige?* en Fran<;ai}* et en rhinois. l^galement 
delivn's |iar les Agents l>i ploin.it iques ou les CVmsuls de France en 
(*hine. et vis4*s par les autoritc^ Cliin<»iHes. 

Kn cas de pert4» de re jiasm^iiort, le Fran<;ais qui ne jjourra |ias 
le pn»senter, lorsqu*il en sera nnjuis lt'*galenient, devra. si rautorit^ 
Chinoiw du lieu ou il se tn»uve se refun** a lui donner un |jpmiis de 
sejour, pour lui laisser le teni]M de d<*nmnder un autn* fias0«»port 
au (Vinsul. **tn* reconduit au i onsniat le plus voisin. sans qn'il soil 
pennis de le nialtraiter, ni de I'iusulter en aucune mani^re. 

Ainsi que cela etait stipule- dans les anciens Tmite^i. les Fran^ais 
rteidant ou de passage dans les ports ouverts au commeroe 
^tnin&;er |iuummt cir\*uler. san^ paasep(»rt, dans leur \oisiuage 
imm^diat, et y v'aquer k kurs ficc*upatioiis auati libcmiMUii qua ka 

166 



Mo. v.] CHINA AND FRANCF. [June 27, 185S. 

[OommeitM, Ac] 

uationanx; mais ils ne pourront d(?pas«er certaines limitcfl qui 
8eront fix^, de coramun accord, entre lo Consul et rautorit<5 
locale. 

Les Agents Francjais en Chine ne ddliveront de passeports \ 
leurs nationaux que pour le^ lieux ou lea rebelles ne seront pas 
etablis dans le moment oi\ ce passeport sera demand^. 

Cea passeporta ne seront ilelivrt's par les autorit^s Fran^^Aises 
qn'aux personnes qui leur offriront toutes les garanties d^irables. 

AKTICLE IX. 

Impart, Export, and Transit DtUies, Most -fax'ov red -nation Treat- 
ment. 

Tou8 les changementa apport<f3 d'un commuu accord, avec Tune 
des Puiaaances signatHU-es des Traites avec la Chine, au sujet des 
ameliorations a inlroduire au tarif a^auellement en vigueur, ou a 
c>elui qui le serait plus tard, comme aussi aux droits de douane, de 
t4innage, d'importation, de tmnsit et d'exftortation, seront imme- 
diatement applicables au commerce et aux neg(H'iants Frani^jiis, par 
le seul fait de leur mise k execution. 

ARTICLE X 

Rndifig and hiildiiuj of Houses, Warehouses, Chnrchjcs, Hospitals, 

Sc/iools, and Burial Grounds, 

Tout Fran(;ais qui, conform^ment aux stipulations de I'Article 
VI du pr^nt Traits, arrivera dans Tun des ports ouverts au com- 
merce Stranger, pourra, quelle que soit la durt*e de son s^jour, y 
louer des maisous et des magasius pour d^paser ses marchandisea, 
ou bien affermer des terrains, et y liatir lui-meme des maisons et 
des magasius. Les Fram^ais |)ourront, de la meme mani^re, ^tablir 
des ^lisea, des liopitaux, des hospices, des iJcoles et des cimeti^i*es. 
Dans ce but, Tautorite locale, apres s'etre conceiti'^e avec le Consul, 
deaignera les quartiers les plus convenables pour la n^sidence des 
Frauqaia, et les endroits dans lesquels pourrout avoir lieu les con- 
structions pr^itees. 

Le prix des loyers et des fermages sera libremeut d^battu entre 
les parties interessees, et regl<^, autant que faire se pourra, con- 
fonu^ment k la moyenne des prix locales. 

Les autorit^ Chinoises empScheront leurs nationaux de sur- 
faire ou d'exiger des prix exorbitants, et le Consul veillera, de son 
o5t^, k ce que les Fran^ais n'usent pas de violence ou de contrainte 
pour forcer le consentement des propri^tuires. II est bien entendu, 
d'ailleurs, que le nombre des maisons et I'^tendue des terrains a 
affecter aux Fran^ais, dans les ports ouverta au coimnerce etranger, 
ne seront point limites, et qu'ils seront di^t^rmines d'apres les 
besoins et les a>nvenauces des ayants droit Si des Chinois 
violaieut ou dt*truis<iient des i*«;li8e8 ou des cimeti6res Fran<^ais, les 
cuupables seraient punis huivunt toute la rigueur des l(»is du pays. 

1B7 



June 27. 186H.] CHINA ANH FRANCE. [Ho. 27. 

[Oomm«ro«, 4ko.] 

ARTICLE XI. 

3infJiPffmnU of LiUrprctrm, ^r., by Fmirh SubjWU Liberty to 
tram the (*hineM lAinyutujr, ami to teach the French ami Foreujn 
iMiujuaijes, Sale and jmrchute of Jiook*. 

[Similar U\ Cienimiiy. No. 36, Art. IX.] 

ARTICLE XII. 
PrtffH^rty of French S^thjerfM inriolahic, Kmharifit on French Ve^eU 

forhuUlen. 

[Simit* Hf Anstria-Hunpin', No. 20. Art. XIII.] 

ARTICLE XIII. 

Frcetlom of I'hriMinn lirlyjian. 

§ 1. Ia n4ijn<»n Chreti«*iim* ayaiit |Mnir objet **R«»ntiel <!«» 
{M>rt4*r l(*H hoiiiiiieH a la vertu, \v» iiieiiilin'H do UmUw !<« i^oiiimtin- 
ioim CliitHieiiiieH, jouinmt d'liiie eiititn* wk-uriU* ixjiir leur» i>er 
wmneH, leufR |»n>prit*ti?6 et le libre exon'ice de leun* pratiques 
ivli^eutH^, et uiie pn»tei*tiun efticai*t> Hera donn/*e aiix iiiimioniiairef) 
qui He rendruiit {)ac*iHc|iieinent daiiH rinU*rieur du paya, iiiuniH den 
|>a8He-port8 n^jniliern dont il ent |iarle daiiH TArticle VIII. 

§ 2. Tout vv qui a M pHK^i'-ileiiiiueiit errit, pniclanie ou public 
en Chine jwr onXrv du Gouvenieineiit. centre le culte <1irvtieii eat 
CM»mpletemeiit abmp'.et n»ftte Hannvaleur daiw touted le« pn»viiiee« 
de PEinpire. 

[Remainder name aH Italy, No. 88, Art. VI IL § 2.] 

ARTICLE XIV. 
PrivilepeJ Commercial Societies ami Monopolies /tfrbiti^len. 

Aurune Hoc"iet4* de eonnuerce privib'*j^t'*e ne {tourra defviniiaiH 
HY*tablir en C*hine, et il en seni dememede toute coalition or);aiiiHiV 
dauH le but d'exercer un ninno|Mili* sur le eommt*n'e. 

En eas de C4»ntrevention au pnWnt Article, le?* aut4>rit4^ 
Chin(»ises, hur len reprenentationa du Consul ou de TA^'Ut (^onsul- 
aire, avi.seront aux mcyen.H de dissoudn* de aeniblables aaanciationa, 
dont ellea Hefforcenuit. d'ailleura, tie prt*venir Texiatenoe jiar <if*M 
pnthibitions prealabU^. uHn <l'«Varter tout tv qui |N»umiit |>orter 
atteinte u la libn* mnrurreiire. 

ARTK LE XV. 
Employment of Pilots, ami IHIdape, 

[§ 1. Same aa Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXIV.] 
$ 2. Tout iiulividu qui voudra exercer la pnifeaaion de pilot4* 
pour le8 iKitimeiitii FranraiH |Miumi. Mur la pnWntation d«* tmia 
certificata de <*apitaine d^ navire. t'tn* (^ouiuiissiv nnc {lar le < ouhuI 
de France, tie la nienie manien* que c*da «*e pratiquemit jiour 
d'autreH imtiona. 

§ 'X Ija n'tribution iittyiW» aux pilote** >*era n^U^ .^elon I'wiuite, 
pour cha4|ue {lort en |»arti(-ulier, {lar le (*on5ul ou A^-nt (*<»ii.hu1- 
aire, le4|uel la Hxern cf»nv enablement en miMin dt* la diMance et den 
cin*onHtaiices de la navipition 

108 



Ho. 2?.] CHINA AND FRANCE, [June 27, 1R58. 

[OommeitM, Ao.] 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Custom-Holism (ivuTth to he put on board French Vesttels, and paiH 

hy Chinese Authorities. 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXVI.] 



ARTICLE XVIL 

Delivery of Ship 8 Papers, Penalty for non-deliverg within 48 hours. 
Penalty for hreahing Bulk unihout Permit, and Confiscation of 
Merchandise landed, 

[§ 1. Similar to Great Britain, No, 6, Art XXXVI, § I.] 
[§ 2, Same as Great Britain, No- 6, Art. XXXVII.] 



ARTICLE XVIII. 
ffire of Boats, &c,,for convtyoiice of Passengers, Merchandise, Jcc, 

[Same as France, No. 26, Art. XXI.] 



ARTICLE XIX. 

Permits for loading and unl4xiding Merchandise. Verificatum of 
Merchandise, Assessment of Bid valorem duties. Duty to br paid 
on net toeiyht. Intervention of Consul. Reduction of Duties on 
Damaged Ooods. 

Toutes lea fois qu'un n^gociaut Fran^ais aura des marchandises 
H embarquer ou i\ debarquer, il devra d abord en remettre la note 
d^taillde au Consul ou Agent Consulaire, qui chargera immddiate- 
ment un interprfete reconnu du Consulat d'en donner communica- 
tion au chef de la Douane. Celui-ci d^livrera sur-le-champ un 
permis d'embarquement ou de di^barquement II sera alors pro- 
c^^ k la verification des marehandises dans la forme la plus 
oonvenable pour qu'il n'y ait chance de perte pour aucune des 
parties. 

Le n<^ociant Fran(;ais devra se faire repr^nter sur le lieu de 
U verification (sMl ne pn*ftre y assister lui-mSme) par une persoinie 
r^unissant les qualit^s r^quises, i\ I'effet de veiller k ses int^r^ts au 
moment ou il sera precede a cette verification pour la liquidation 
des liroits ; fauU* dc quoi.tout^^ reclamation ulterieure restera nulle 
et nou avenue. 

16H 



June r;. 1858] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Ho. 27. 

[Oomm«ro«, 4ko.3 

En (*(» (|ui roii(M»nie !♦•« ni:ir(*1iandiHe8 taxt'os mi ralotrm, si le 
iii';!(K*iant n«» jmmU toinU*r d'areonl av(H* IViiiplovt' ('hin<»i-i sur la 
valour a fixer, eliaque jxartii* a|>|»ellerH deux ou tn»ix iiegcicianU 
rlmrj/'H (IVxainiiuM* 1«*h inan'handiftes, et le prix le plus eleve qui 
sera tiffert par Tun jIVux sem n^puU^ constituer la valeur desiiites 
niareliandises. 

Ix»s «lr<»its s<*n>nt pnleves sur le iwiids net ; on dnluira, en con- 
si'ijuenoe, le jMiids des einltalla^es et contenants. Si le nt'*gociant 
Fran^ais ne |k.»ux senlemlre avec IVniploye Chinois sur la fixation 
de la taxe, ehai|ue partie choisim un certain nonibre de aliases et 
lie luiUots imrnii les colls ohjets du liti«je ; ils seront d'alxird j^esea 
l»rutH, puis tan's ensuiU*, et la tan* niovenne de« colis jiest^s servira 
iU* tan* jMuir ttius les autn*«. 

Si. |Mfn<Iant le ctmi-s tie la vitrification, il sYdeve quelque difti- 
cultc qui ne puism» «*tn» n'solue, le ne^<K?iant Fmn^ais jMunTn 
n*clauier Tintervention du (Vmsul, h*<iuel jiorteni sur-le-<*hanip 
rolijet de la contestation a la ctuinaissance du chef des I>ouanes, et 
tous deux seflorceront il'arriver a un amuigenient aniiahle ; inaia 
la n*rIanintion devra avoir lieu dans les 24 lieun-s, sinon il n*y sem 
{Mis d«)nne suite. Tant que U* n\sulUtt de la contestation resteru 
pendant, le ch<*f d«' la I>(Miane n en fxirteru pas Tolijet sur S4\s livres, 
iaissant ainsi Un\U' latitude |M»ur lexanien et la solution de la 
difficult^^. 

L«»s niarchandises iniportees tjui auraient eprouvt^ des avaries 
jouinuit tVune n'ductionde dn»iti« pn){x»rtionn«'e a IcMir d</pnViation. 
CelK^-ci sem dt'tenniiuV t'lpiitaMenient el. >\\ le faut, |Mir expertise 
contrudictoin'. ainsi qu*il a iV- stipul*- plus liaut |N>ur la fixation 
des droits ttti rffltrrrm. 

ARTK'I.K XX. 

yrtnrh VfMflu Mt*f hnrinff hnth n hulk, ««// Uarin^j triihin 4H htmrt 

914 »t luthff (it Ihifirx. 

Tout liatinient entn* dans I'un deti {Mirts de la C*hine, et oui n a 
]x>int (*ncon* leve le |)erniis de ilelian|uement mentionnc duis 
TArticle XIX. |)oumi. dans les deux jours de son an ivee, quitter 
le i>ort el se rendn* dans un auln* |»on sans avoir ji payer ui 
droits de tonna«^e. ni «lroits de douane. atteiidu qu'il les m^quittent 
ull/*rieun»nient dan** le |M»rt ou il effe4*luera la vente de ?ies mar- 
t*handises. 

AKTK'LE XXI. 

fhmuh. JitrtiftiM jW ImfUffi ami Krifri lPniit» thitit^ tu fit 

II i^t (-talili. il«* roniniuu atrnnl. que les dmits d*iiu{Kirtalion 
sen»nl airquitles )Mir k*s capitaini^s ou n«'*:^ociants Fmnvai** au tur 
el a lueiiure tlu ilelianjueiiient de** nian^handiHe'^ et aprv<» leur veri- 
tii'uli«»n. Ijes dniit^ d'expuruilion le seruui de la ineiue uiaoiire, 

17U 



Mo. ST.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [June 27, 1868. 

[Oomm«ro«, 4ko.] 

lora de rembarqueiuent. I><)i*H(|ue les droits de toiiimge et dc 
douane dus par un b&tiiiieut Fran9ai» auroiit etc* intdgralonieut 
acquitt^, le chef de la Duuauo d^livnira nne quittance generate, 
»ur rexhibition de lacjuelle le (Consul reiidni sea papiers de bord 
an capitaiiie et lui pennettra de iiiettre a la voile. 

Le chef de la Douuiie designera une ou plusieura maisons de 
change qui seront autorisees k i-erevoir la soiiime due par les nigo- 
ciAnts FTau9ai8 au compte du (rouvememeut, et les recepissi^ de 
ces maisons de change pour tous les payements qui leur auront ^t^ 
faits seront n^put^B acquits du Gouvernenient Chinois. Ces paye- 
ment8 poumnit s'ojHjrer, soit en lingots, soit en nionnaies ^trangires 
dout le rapport avec Targent syc^ sera dciteniiini^ de commun 
accord entre le Consul ou Agent Consulaire Fraii<;ais et le chef de 
la Douane dans les differents \hjvU, suivant le temps, le lieu et les 
circonstances. 

AKTICLE XXII.* 

Tonnage Dufs. Exempimis, 

Aprils Texpiration des deux jours mentionnds dans TArticIe XX 
et avant dc proc<?der au dechargenient, chaque bfltiment de com- 
merce Fnuiifais acquittera inti^gralement des droits de tonnage 
ainsi n'gles pour les navires de 150 tonneaux, de la jauge legale et 
au-dessuH, a raison de 5 maces (un demi-tael) par tonueau; pour 
les navires jaugeant moins de 150 tonneaux, k rais(#n de un mace 
(un di.xi^me de tael) par tonueau. Toutes les n^tributions et sur- 
charges additionnelles, anterieurement iuiposees a Tarriv^e et au 
dt^part, sont expressement supprimees et ne pourront etre rem- 
placees j>ar aucune autre. 

I>)rs du i)ayement du droit precite, le Chef de la Douane d(5- 
livreia au capitaine ou au consignataire un re<ju en form de certi- 
fioat constatant que le droit de tonnage a ete integralement 
ac<|uitti\ et, sur Texhibition de ee certiticat au Chef de la Douane 
de tout autre port ou il lui conviendmit de se rendre, le capitaine 

* r)ii» Article WM amendMi hy *gref inent with the PlenipotentUnr of Pnuioe, 
M. (If Bellonet, in September, 1866. The foUowing it the Article tubttituted in 
it«i plare: — 

" After the eipinition • f the two dart named in Article XX, and before pro- 
rr<NlinK to dierhftrfe her cargo, ererr Te««el thall par tonnai^e-duet according to 
tlic following teale:— Veaarlt of 160 tons and upwards at the rale of 4 maoe (ter 
t<in ; feaacU le#t than 160 tons measurement at the rate of 1 maoe per ton. 

•• AiiT vrsael clearing anj of the open ports of C*hina for an? other of the open 
ports, or trading betw(*en China and such |)orta in Cochin-China, as belong to 
Fmnce. or aaj port m Japan, shall be entitled, on a|rplioation of the master, to a 
specuU certificate from the Bupehntendeat of Customs, on e&hibition of which the 
Mid ressel shaU be eiem|>ted from all f urftber pajment of lonnage-ducs in anj open 
port of Oiiua for a period of four months, to be reckoned from the date of her 
)H>rt-clniram*e; but after the eipiration of four months, she shall be required to 
|mj toMuage-dues a^n. 

• Small French veasels and KiaU of crerr class, whctlier wiUi or without sails, 
•h«ll be reckoned as coming within the cate.-ory of Teasels of 150 tou« and under, 
and shall pa> tonnage-dues at the rate of 1 mace per ton once in ererr four months. 

" Native craft chartered bj Kreneh merehaote shall in like manner pair tonnage- 
diM« oiK-e in every four month*.** —(Hajrert' "China Treaties,*' 18^7.) «ee 
Ap|>tfndii, p. 678. 

171 



Junr 27. IHfrS] CHINA ASI> FRANCE. [Mo. 27. 



8eni (Ii8|ieii8e de |iayer de nouveaii pour 8on Mtiiueut le droit de 
t(»iiiiap* ; Uait iiavire Fran^ais iie devaiit eu tHre passible qu*une 
Heiile foiH a cliacuu de sen voyages d'uii pays Stranger en Chine. 

Sotit ex(*mpte.s des droits de tonnage, les Itan^ues, goelettes, 
)iHt4>au.x <*a)M>U*uni et autres enitiarcations Fnui^ses, pontees ou 
mm, employees au tran8{>ort des passagers, liagages, lettres, comes- 
tibles i*t generaleiueiit de tons objets nun sujets aux droits. Si 
lesdites emiiarcatious transportaient en outre des marchandises, 
elles resteraient dans la cat4^rie des navires jaugeant moins de 
\i}0 tonneaux et payeraient k raison d'un dixieme de tael (un mace) 
par tonneau. 

Les neguciaiits Fran9ais pourront totnours alfh^ter des jonques 
et autres embarcations Chinoises, lesi^uelles ne seront soumises k 
aucun droit de tonnage. 

ARTICLE XXin. 
Tratml Dues, 

Toutes marcbandi.ses Fran^aises, apr^s avoir acquitt^, dans Tun 
dt?s ])orts de la Chine, les droits de douane liquides d'aprte le tarif, 
IKiumuit etre transporting dans Tint^^'rieur san^ avoir a subir 
ancune antn> charge suppl^nientaire que le payenient des droits 
de transit 8ui%'ant le taux nioden* actuellement en vigueur; 
les<|uels droits ne seront susceptiblcs daurune augmentation 
future. 

Si des Agents de la I>ouane (.*hinois, contrairenient a la teneur 
du pn*sent Traiu', exigeaient des retributions illegales ou pr^le- 
vaient des droits plus elevi^. ib seraient punis suivant les lois de 
TEmpire. 

ARTICLE XXIV. 

iMie* to be jtaui aniif on parts of Cargo landed. Duty-paid Goods 
not to pay a second tinu on Re-txpariaUan, Confiseation of 
FrauiluUnt and Contraband Goods, 

§ 1. [Same as IWIgium, No. 21, Art XXVL] 

I huis le c^a^ ou de^ Fran^ais, apni*s avoir aafuitt^ dans un port 
\^ dn»its sur \va uian'lian<liM*s. voudraient les reexporter et aller 
les vt'iidre dans un autre port, ils en pn'*\nendraient le Consul ou 
.\<n*nt (*oiiMulaire ; celui-ii. d<* sou c<*>U*. en iuformera le Chef de la 
l^iuiiue. K*<|ueK apn*t4 avoir (-«>iistat4'* rideniiti* de la marchandiae 
ft lu jiarfaitf inU'-«p;rit/* d«*s col is. n*mHtm aux n^laniants uiie 
declaration attestant qui* le^ ilruits affervnts auxdites marchandises 
out ete etiectivement au^uittcd. 

Munis de i^ett*.' declaration. leA ui^miants Fran<iu.*« n aunmt. a 
leiir arrivtV dans I'autre port, qua la pnWntt'r |iar lVntn*niise dn 
foUHul au Chef de la Douane. qui d«*livn*ni \nniT tetU* |»artn* tU* la 
«arv.ii*«»n. '•^mn ret^inl el -vin- li.ii»». un jwruii'' de d<*tiMn|UfiiifUt ••n 
Iraiicluse de druiu» : mai^, m I'auUiritc decuuvr«at de la fraude uu 

17J 



Mo. 27.J CHINA AJ^D FKANCE. [June 27, 1868. 

[Oomm«ro«, Ao.] 

de la coutrebauile parnii ces iimrchandises aiiisi iiiexport^es, 
celle8-ci Hemieut^ apr^ V(^rifi(^tiou, coufisqu^s au profit du 
Gouveniement Chiiiois. 

ARTICLE XXV. 

TranS'ShipintiUs. 

Aucun tmnsbordenient de tuarchandiHes lie pourra avoir lieu 
<|ue ijur |>erinis special, et dans un cas d'urgence. S41 devient iii- 
(iispensable d'effectuer cette operation, il devra en etre r^fc^re au 
Consul, qui delivrera un ceitificat sur le vu duquel le transborde- 
ment sera autoris^ par le Chef de la Douane. Celui-ci pourra 
toujours d^^guer un employ^ de son administration pour y 
assister. 

Tout transbordemeut non autoris^, sauf le cas de p^ril en la 
demeure, entrainera la confiscation, au profit du Gouvemement 
Chiuois, de la totalite des marchaudises illicitement transbord^es. 

ARTICLE XXVL 

t>tandard Weights atul Measures to be deliverett at each Consulate. 

Dans chacuii des ports ou verts au coniiuerce etranger, le Chef 
de la Douane recevra pour lui-meme, et deposera au Consulat 
Fran^ais, des )>alances legales pour les marchaudises et pour 
Targent, aiiisi que des poids et luesures exactement con formes aux 
poids et aux niesures en usage ii la Douane de Canton, et revetus 
d'une estampille et d'un cachet constatant cette conformity. Ces 
^talons seront la base de toutes les liquidations de droits et de 
tons les pay emeu ts k faire au Gouvernement Cliinois. On y aura 
recours, en cas de contestation sur le poids et la mesure des 
marcliandises, et il sera statud d'apr^ les r^sultats qu'ils auront 
donn&. 

ARTICLE XXVIL 

Tariff uj' Imports ami Exports, Rei^iswn eoery seven years. Most- 

favoured-nation Treatment. 

Les droits d uu|K>rtation et dexportation preleves en Chine 
sur l«* commerce Fran9aiH seront regies cunfoniK^ment au tarif 
annexe au pn^nt 'i'raite sous le sceau et la signature des Pleui- 
poteiitiaires respectifa Ce tarif pourra eti*e revise de 7 en 7 
annees, pour etre mis en harmonie avec les chaugements de valeur 
apportes par le temps sur les produits du sol et de I'lndustrie des 
deux Empires. 

Ikloyennant Taoquil de ces droits, dout il est express<^ment 
iutenlil d augmenter le montant dans le cours des 7 annoes sus- 
mentionuees et que ue i>ourront aggraver aucune esp^ce de cliai^ 
ou de surtaxe quelconque, les Fran9als sen»ut lihres (rimporter en 
Chine des ports Fran^ais ou elrangers, et d'exporter egalemeut du 

173 



Juiie27, lHo».] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Mo. 27. 

[Comm«ro«, Ao.J 

(*hiiit' |Miur touU* licstiimtioii. toutes 1«*> inar('lmiitii:M.*> iiui lie 
seniient |iiis, an j<»ur dc In >i^imturt* tin pnWiit Yraito, <*t «ra|ir6» 
la rliiHsiticatinii ilii tarif ri-.iiiiic\r. 1 o!»)<*t (I'liiie pruliiMtioii t'oriiielk* 

oil (I'llll liin||n|in|c s|H*rial. 

I^' (HiuvtTii«MiitMit rliiiinis iviKUivaiit a la faniiU' <ruu^iiit*iiler, 
\t*iv la Miiti'. 1«* iioiiiliir (Irs articlcH iv|»uU'> cuiitreUiiide ou iiiuiuh 
{K>li*. aiu'UiK* iiitHliticatioii lu* |N>iirm «*tn* u|i|»nrt4V an Uirit' <|U*apn*s 
line i'liU'iitc piralahle a\er k (Miuvenieiiieiit Franvaia et de son 
pli'iii c*t eiitit'i ('oii.Si*iiteiiu*iit. 

A IVpmi «hi tarif, auK*ti Itini 4111* |M)ur U>\\W stipulation iiitro- 
(luitc oil a IrititNliiiic (laii> \v> Tniiti's t* xistant.s t>u qui seraient 
ult('*riruii'int*iit -miik 1u>. 11 dfiiuMiiv him (*t tlunuMit I'taiUli que len 
iu'*«!«M'iaiit.s, vi t'U v:»'!i«*ral loii-* 1«> citiiyms Fran^aiH en Chin**, 
aiinuit droit toiijoiii> 1*1 {mrtout an traiti*iiHMit <ie la nation la plu»* 
favoristV. 

AKTK LE XXVIII. 

■ • ■ 

1^1 |iul»lii'ation tfun tanf i-onvtMiablt* et re^ulit^r otant «l«*M)iniai> 
tout ]in''t4*xt4' a la rontndmiiilf. 11 nVnt imls a {»n*Minier quaucun 
arte di* «-('tt** natun* soit foniinis |iar «lfM U'ltimentH ilu roiiinierce 
Franrais dans les |Nirtj» de la C'liim*. S'il en rtait autreinent. t^nite 
iiian iia!idi<(* ii!ti<Mluit«* I'U (-ontn'liande. |iiir tit's navin*f« ou {Mir lUti 
nrj'ociuntH Fraia;ai^ daii> res jmrts. (|Uelles «|Ue soit*nt d ailleurs kh 
valeur «*t si natiip'. roinnic au^si toute d«*iiree prohilKV «li''Uin|U«*e 
fraudult*u^*nieiit. sen»nt ^misies |mr raut4mt(' Ificale et cimtiHi^ue.N 
an pmtit tin (iouveineinent Cliiiioi.H. Kn outre, celui-ci {Kmrni, 
si Iniii lui s4*iiiMt*, iiit«*rdirf rciitnV de la Thine an Uitiinent 
8uri>ri^ «*n «-i>iitii'\f*nti>*!i i*t Ir rontiaindn- a partir aiisMtnt 
apK"* raimnilitui di* m-s roni|>t«'«. >i <jUi'l*|in* navin* ♦•tninp»r hi* 
coiivmit t'niiidul«*ii«M'iii*'nt «lu |«a\illitn <(«' la Frani-e. le ^•ouvenii'- 
nient FniiK.ai.N iireiidniit le.*i nitMuri's ni*reHsaires |Miur la n*|in*fwi<»n 
de I'^t abutt. 

AKTirLK XXI.X. 

S.I Majf.sti rKin|N*ii*ur iW> Kniiiraia p«»urra laire Htationner 
un kill nit' lit de '^uern- tian.-* le> ('•iit.s princiimux de rKiniiire oii 
MH pn-Ht'iKt* st'niit jiii:*'!' iit^'«-s.*<iire |M)ur inaintenir le Imhi onlrc et 
la tli*M ipliin* |iariiii lf8 «M|ui|iaL'> ties iiavires marchanthi et facilitA>r 
TeXiTt i«'<* dtf 1 aiitorit** ( otuulaire. I out4*j« les rnejiurfs iit'eeAsainjii 
Atrait-nt |»risf> imiui qui* la pn m-ihi* dt- ri-* navire«* «it» ;»urrn- ii'eii- 
tnunr aui'un iiironvfiueiit. ft Imr i-oinniainlanUt reeevraient 
r<iriln* d«* faiiv «x*'rut«'r U-h di.'9|Misitiiin'» <>lipul(*eM daiin rArtn^ltf 
XXXI II par nip|j*>rt aux !-• 111111111 11 iration» ave< la terrv vX a la 
|»«<]|ir dt*.^ t*«|iii|«^e». I>*s u'liiiiiviitA di' ;;ut'iiv ii«* 'M nait •ianujettm 
a aucuu drtiit 

174 



No. 27.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [June 27, 1868. 

[Commerce, Ac] 

AETICLE XXX 

Facilities to French Vessels of War and Commerce in Cliinese Ports, 
Wrecks, ^c. Assistance to Crew and Recovery of Cargo. 

Tout Mtiment de guerre Franc^ais croisant pour la protection 
du commerce sera refu en ami et traits comme telle dans tous 
les ports de la Chine oi il se pr&entera. Ces batiments pourront 
s'y procurer les divers objets de rechange et de ravitaillement 
dont ils auraient besoin, et, s'ils ont fait des avaries, les r^parer et 
acheter dans ce but les matdriaux necessaries; le tout sans la 
nioindre opposition. 

II en sera de meme i IMgard des navires de commerce Fran^ais 
qui, par suite d'avaries majeures ou pour toute autre cause, 
seraient contraints de cliercher refuge dans un port quelconque 
de la Chine. 

Si quelqu*un de ces bdtiments venait k se perdre sur la cote, 
Tautorite Chinoise la plus proche, des quelle en serait inform(5e, 
porterait sur-le-champ assistance a Tequipage, pourvoirait k ses 
})remiers besoins et prendrait les mesures d'urgence n^cessaires 
pour le sauvetage du navire et la preservation des marchandises. 
Puis elle porterait le tout k la connaissance du Consul ou Agent 
Consulaire le plus k port^e du sinistre, pour que celui-ci, de 
concert avec Tautorit^ competente, pAt aviser aux moyens de 
rapatrier I'dquipage et de sauver les d(?bris du navire et de la 
cargaison. 

ARTICLE XXXI. 

French Commerce not to he restricted in case of War between China 

and another Power, Blockades, 

Dans le cas oA, par la suite des temps, la Chine entrerait en 
guerre avec une autre Puissance, cette circonstance ne porterait 
aucune atteinte au libre commerce de la France avec la Chine 
ou avec la nation ennemie. Les navires Fran^ais poun^aient 
toujours, sauf le cas de blocus effectif, circuler sans obstacle des 
poits de Tune aux ports do Tautre, y tratiquer conmie a Foidiuaire, 
y importer et en exporter toute espfece de marchandises non 
prohibees. 

AETICLE XXXIL 

Surrender of French Seamen Deserters, and others. Surrender of 

Chinese Deserters and Criminals, 

S'il arrive que des matelots ou autres individus d^sertent des 
batiments de guerre ou s'^vadent des navires de commerce 
Fran(;ai8, lautorite Chinoise, sur la requisition du Consul ou, k 
son defaut, du capitaine, fera tous ses efforts pour decouvrir et 
restituer sur-le-champ, entre les mains de Tun ou de I'autre, les 
sus-dits d(5serteui*8 ou higitifs. 

:?5 N 



June 27, 1858] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 27. 

[Ooinin«rce, &c.] 

Pareilleiiieut, si des Chinois (k'serteurs ou pr<5venus de quelque 
crime voiit se r(5fugier dans des inaisons Fran(;aises, ou k bord des 
na vires appartenant a des FraiK^ais, Tautorit^^ locale s*addressera 
au Consul, qui sur la preuve de la culpabilit<5 des prevenus, prendra 
immediatement les niesures noeessaires, pour que leur extradition 
soit eff'ectuee. De part et d'autre, ou evitera soigneusement tout 
recel et toute connivance. 

ARTICLE XXXIII. 
Prevention of QuarreU between French Sailors and Natives, 

Quand les matelots descendront k terre, ils seront soumis a des 
rfeglements de discipline specialc qui seront arretes par le Consul 
et communiques k I'autorite locale, de maniJjre k prdvenir, aulant 
que possible, toute occasion de (luerelle entre les marins Fran9ais 
et les gens du pays. 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 

Purmit of Pirates. Punishment for neglect of duty, 

[Similar to Denmark, No. 25, Art. XIX.] 

ARTICLE XXXV. 

Consular Intervention in Coin plaints between French and Chinese. 

[Same as Great Britain, No, 6, Art. XVIL] 

ARTICLE XXXVI. 

Protection of Persons and Property of French Subjects, 

Si, dor^navant, des citoyens Fran(jais ^prouvaient quelques 
dommages ou s'ils ^taient Tobjet de quelque insulte ou vexation de 
la part de sujets Chinois, ceux-ci seraient poursuivis par Tautoritd 
locale, qui prendra les mesures ncJcessaires pour la defense et la 
protection des Francjais : k bien plus forte raison, si des malfaiteurs 
ou quelque partie egaree de la population tentaient de piller, de 
d^truire ou d'incendier les maisons, les magasins des Fran9ais ou 
tout autre c^tablissement form(5 par eux, la meme autorite, soit k la 
requisition du Consul, soit de sou propre mouvement, enverrait en 
toute hate la force armee pour dissiper Temeute, s'emparer des 
coupables, les livrer a toute la rigueur des lois ; le tout sans pre- 
judice des poursuitesi exercer par qui de droit pour indemuisation 
des pertes eprouvdes. 

ARTICLE XXXVII. 

French and Chinese Frandiilnit Debtors. 

Si des Chinois, k I'avenir, doviennent debiteurs de capitaines 
ou de negociants Francais et leur font ^prouver des pertes par 

176 



No. 27.] CHINA AND FKANCE. [June 27, 1858. 

[Oomznerce, &o.] 

fraude ou de toute autre mani^re, ceux-ci n'auraient plus k se 
pnivaloir de la solidarit(5 qui r6sultait de rancien ^tat de choses ; 
ils pourront seulement s'adresser, par Tentremise de leurs Consuls, 
k Pautorit^ locale, qui ne n^gligera rien, apr^s avoir examine 
FafTaire, pour contraindre les prevenus a satisfaire k leurs engage- 
ments suivant la loi du pays. Mais si le debiteur ne pent etre 
retrouv^, s'il est mort ou en faillite, et s'il ne reste rien pour payer, 
les n^gociants rran9ais ne pourront point appeler Fautorite Cbinoise 
en garantie. 

En cas de fraude ou de non-payement de la part des n^gociants 
Franc^ais, le Consul prStera, de la mSme manifere, assistance aux 
reelamailts, sans que, toutefois, ni lui ni son Gouvernement puis- 
sent, en auoune mani^re, Stre rendus responsables. 



ARTICLE XXXVIII. 

Repression of Crimes. Chinese to he tried hy Chinese Authorities and 

French hy French Consuls, 

Si, malheureusement, il s'dlevait quelque rixe ou quelque 
querelle entre des Fran^ais et des Chinois, comme aussi dans le cas 
oil, durant le cours d'une semblable querelle, un ou plusieurs 
individus seraient tu^s ou blcssds, soit par des coups de feu, soit 
autrement, les Chinois seront arrSt^s par rautorit<5 Cbinoise, qui 
se cbargera de les faire examiner et punir, s'il y a lieu, conform^- 
nient aux lois du pays. Quant aux Francjais, ils seront arret^s k 
la diligence du Consul, et celui-ci prendra toutes les mesures 
ndcessaires pour que les prevenus soient livres k Taction r6- 
guliere des lois Fran^aises dans la forme et suivant les disposi- 
tions qui seront ult6rieurement d^terminees par le Gouvernement 
Fran^ais. 

II en sera de m^me en toute circonstance analogue et non 
prdvue dans la prdsente Convention, le principe ^tant que, pour la 
repression des crimes et debts commis par eux en Cbine, les 
Franqais seront constamment regis par les lois Franijaises. 



ARTICLE XXXIX. 

French SuJyfecfs to be under French Jurisdiction. Chinese not to 
interfere in differences hetween Frenchmen and Foiriff7iers, French 
Vessels to he und^r Fre7wh Authority. 

Les Fran^ais en Cbine dependront dgalement pour toutes les 
difficulties ou les contestations qui pourraient s'elever entre eux, de 
la juridiction Francjaise, En cas de differends survenus entre 
Kranijais et c'trangers, il est bien stipuld que rautorite Cbinoise 
n'aura k s*en meler en aucune maniere. Elle n aura pareillement a 
exercer aucune action sur les navires Frangais ; ceux-ci ne ro- 
ievront que de I'uutorit^ Francaise et du capitaine. 

' 177 N 2 



June 27, 18r,S ] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 27. 

[Commerce, &c.] 

ARTICLE XL. 

Modification of Treaty after 12 years, if reqvired. Obligations not 
specified in Tre/ity not to be imjMhHed on French Consols and 
Subjects, nights, Privileges, ^-c, of French Subjects, Most- 
favoured-nation Trca tmtnt 

Si, doroiiavant, le Gonvernement de Sa Majeste TEmpereur des 
FraiKjais jugeait conveiiable d'apporter des modifications h, quel- 
ques-unes des clauses du present Tmite, il sera libre d'ouvrir, k cet 
effet, des ii^gociations avec le Gonvernement Chinois apres un in- 
tervalle de 12 anuses r^volues a partirdeTechange des ratifications. 
II est d'ailleiirs entendu que toute obligation non consignee ex- 
press^ment dans la pr^sente Convention ne saura etre imposes aux 
Consuls ou aux Agents Consulaires, non plus qu'i leurs nationaux, 
tandis que, comme il a ^t^ stipul^S, lea FrancjaLj jouiront de tons les 
droits, privileges, immunit^s et garanties quelconques qui auraient 
(5te ou qui seraient accord^s par le Gonvernement Chinois k d'autres 
Puissances. 

ARTICLE XLI. 

Additional Articles to be considered as if inserted in TVeaiy. 

Sa Majeste TEmpereur des Fran^ais, voulant donner k Sa 
Majesty TEmpereur de la Chine une preuve des sentiments qui 
Tanimcnt, consent k stipuler, dans des Articles s^pares ayant la 
mome force et valeur que s'ils (5taient inseres mot a mot au present 
Traite, les arrangements ccmvenus entre les deux Gouvernements au 
eujet des questions antt?rieures aux (^v^nements de Canton et aux 
frais qu*ils ont occasionn^s au Gonvernement de Sa Majesty 
TEmpereur des FrauQais. 

ARTICLE XLII. 

Ratifi^iations, 

[Ratifications to be exchanged within one year, or sooner if possible. 

Treaty to be published in China.] 

(L.S.) BAROX GROS. 

[Les signatures des Pldnipotentiaires Chinois.] 

Articles S^par^s. 

ARTICLE I. 

Degradation of the Si-lin-hien Magistrate for Murder of a French 

Missionary. 

Le Magistrat de Si-lin-hien conpable du menrtre du Mission- 
naire Franca is, Augnste Chapdehiine, sera di%rad^ et declare 
incapable d'exercer ddsormais aucnn emploi. 

ARTICLE II. 

Tlie Degradation to be 2'>ublicly annmmced, 

Une communication officiellc adrcssc'e k son Excellence Mon- 
sieur le Ministre de France en Chine Ini annoncera Tex^cution de 

178 






No. 27.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Jane 27, 1858. 

[Indemnities, &c.] 

celte mesure, qui sera rendue publique et motiv^e convenablement 
daus la Gazette de Pekin. 

ARTICLE III. 

Indemnity to French Subjects for Losses at Canton, 

Une indemnity sera donn^e aux Francjais et aux prot^g^s de la 
France dont les propri^t^s out ^t(5 pill(5es ou inceiidiees par la 
populace de Canton avant la prise de cette ville par les troupes 
alli^es de la France et de PAngleterre. 

ARTICLE IV.» 
Payment of Occupation Expenses and Indemnities, 

Les ddpenses occasionn^es par les armements considerables 
qu'ont motives les refus obstin^s des autorites Chinoises d*accorder 
a la France les reparations et les indemnitds qu'elle a r(5clamees 
seront payt5es au Gouvernement de sa Majeste I'Enipereur des 
Fran(jais par les caisses de la douane de la ville de Canton. 

Ces indemnites et ces frais d'armements s*elevant k pen prfes 
h. une somme de 2,000,000 de taels, cette somme sera versee entre 
les mains du Ministre de France en Chine, qui en donnera quit- 
tance. 

Cette somme de 2,000,000 de taels sera pay^e h. son Excellence 
Monsieur le Ministre de France en Chine, par sixiemes, payables 
d'annde en ann^e, et pendant 6 ans, par la caisse des douanes de 
Canton ; elle pourra I'etre, soit en numeraire, soit en bons de 
douane, qui seront re9U8 par cette administration en payement des 
droits d'importation et d'exportation et pour \m dixi6me seulement 
de la somme qu'on aurait k lui payer, c*est-k-dire que, si un n^go- 
ciant doit k la douane de Canton une somme de 10,000 taels, par 
exemple, pour droits d'importation ou d*exportation, il pourra en 
payer 9,000 en espfeces et 1,000 en bons dont il s'agit. 

Le premier sixieme sera pay^ dans le cours de Tannine qui 
suivra la signature du pr&ent Traitd, k compter du jour ou elle 
aura lieu. 

La douane de Canton pourra, si elle le vent, ne recevoir chaque 
ann^e en payement de droits que le sixieme des bons ^mis, c'est-i- 
dire pour une somme de 333,3cJ3 taels et 34 centifemes. 

Une conmiission mixte, nommde k Canton pnr Tautorit^ Chinoise 
et par le Ministre de France, fixera d*avance le mode d'^mission de 
ces bons et les rfeglements qui en d(5termineront la forme, la valeur 
et le mode de destruction d^s qu'ils auront servi 

ARTICLE V. 

French Evacuation of Canton. 

L*(5vacuation de Canton par les troupes Francjaises s'effectuera 
auspitot que possible apr^s le payement int(5gral de la somme de 

• Amended by Convention of 25th October, 1860 (No. 29), Art. IV , page 182. 

179 



Not. 24, 1858.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 28. 

[Commerce, &c.] 

2,000,000 de taels stipul^e ci-dessus ; mais, pour liator la retraite 
de ces troupes, ces bons de douanes pourront etre (5mi8 d'avaiice 
par s^rie de 6 anuses et d(5pos^8 dans la chancellerie de la Idgatiou 
de France en Cliine. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Above Articles to have samr effect a^ if inserted in the Treaty. 

Lea Articles ci-dessus auront menie force et valeur que s'ils 
^taient inscrits mot a mot dans le Traite. dont ils font partie, et les 
Pltinipotentiaires respectifs les ont signes et y ont appos^ leurs 
sceaux et leurs cachets. 

Fait a Tien-Tsin en 4 expeditions, le 57me jour du mois de Juin 
de Tan de gr§,ce, 1858, conespoudant au 17me jour de la 5me lune 
de la 8me annde de Hien-Foung. 

(L.S.) BARON GROS. 



'©• 



[Les signatures des Pldnipotentiaires Chinois.] 



(No. 28,) NUTV TARIFF AND COMMERCIAL REGULA- 

TIONS, 24 NovernJber, 1858.» 

L' Article IX du Trait<5 signd k Tien-Tsin, le 27 Juin dernier 
(No. 27), par le Pl^nipotentiaire de Sa Majesty TEmpereur des 
Fran^ais et les Pl«^>nipotentiaires de Sa Majestd TEmpereur de la 
Chine, ayant pix5vu que des modifications pourraient etre apport(5es, 
d*un commun accord, par le Gouvernement de Sa Majesty I'Empereur 
de la Chine, et ceux des Puissances siguataires des Traits de Tien- 
Tsin, au sujet d'amdliorations a introduire dans le tarif qui fixe les 
droits d*iinportation, d'exportation, de transit, &c., et Sa Majeste 
TEmpereur de la Chine ayant, ii cet effet, donne Pordre aux Com- 
missaires Impdriaux : 

[Here follow their names.] 

de se rendre k Changhai, oii se trouvait le Pldnipotentiaire de 
France, afin de s'entendre avec lui au sujet des modifications et des 
ameliorations k apporter au tarif, il a iti convenu, entre les Hautes 
Parties Contractantes, qu'apr^s miirexameu,etapr(is avoir consult^ 
des personnes instruites en matiferes de commerce, il serait proced(S 
k retablissement d'un nouveau tarif accompagnc de rfeglements 
commerciaux, servante a faeiliter sa mise k execution. 

II a etc dgalement convenu que le nouveau tarif Fran9ais et 
les reglements de commerce qui y sont annexes, pouvant, k bon 
droit, etre consideres commo un Traite suppldmentaire a celui du 
27 Juin dernier, ce tarif et ces reglements aui-aient, aux memes 
dates et aux memes conditions stipuldes dans le Traite de Tien- 
Tsin, la meme force et valeur que s'ils y etaicnt insures mot k mot, 
et qu a partir du jour oil le Traits de Tien-Tsin sera mis k execution, 

* For Tariff of Imports and Exports and Commercial "Regulations, see S. P. 
To), 51. Pages 654, 662. 

180 



Ho. 29.] CnCSA AND FRANCE. [Oct. 25, 1860. 

[Gommsroe, Ac] 

It* tarif tjui 8*y trouve annex^ en ce moment, sera consideru comme 
nul et non avenii et rempW*^ jwir le nouvrau tarif. 

IjQ PlenijK^tentiaire <le France et ceux de I'Empire Chinoia, 
ayunt reiumnu valables les pouvoirs dont iJs sent revetus, ont ^tabli, 
d'un commun accord, le tarif qui suit et les K'glemeuts coumierciaux 
qui le terniineut. 

En const^juence, les droits (jue les Fran^ais auront k payer aux 
autorites Chinoises. jMir suite des ojK'rations commerciales qu'ils 
jM)urniient fain* en diine, sont fixes, de commun accord, d'apr^s le 
t4irif suivant, divis^ en manhandises d'imjKiitation et en marchan- 
disrs dVxiMtrtution, enunierees <1ans chacune de ces deux graudes 
divisions, par ordre de lettres alpiiabetiquea. 



(No. 29.) CONVENTION ADDITIONNELLE dr Paix et 
d'AmitU, Conclue d P6kin, le 25 Octobre, 18G0.» 

ARTICLE L 
Apology for conduct of Ckinfse Military Anthoritirs at Tak\t. 

Sj4 XIajeste I'Empereur de la Chine a vue avec pinne la conduite 
(}ue les autorites militaires Cliinoises ont tenue h reml>ouchure de 
la rivitTe de Tien-Tsin, dans le mois de Juin de Tannine deniicre, 
an nidineiit oil les Minijjtres rionipotentiaires de Fmnce et 
d'An^K'lerre s y }>resentaient pour se rendre a IVkin, afiu d'y pro- 
cc'dcT a riichan;4e des ratifications des Traites de Tien-Tsin. 

ARTICLE IL 
Trcatmnit of Ambassador during his stay at Peking, 

I>»rsque TAiuhassaileur, Haut ConnnL<^ionnaire de Sa Mujesti 
rEni|Mieur des Fran(;ais, se trouvem ilans Pitkin |K)ur y prooeder a 
r« <:haii;^e ties ratifications du Trnite de Tien-Tsin, il sera tniite 
]H-n<iant son srjourdans la mpitale avec les honneurs dusi\son rang, 
t'l t4iut*».s les facilites jKinsibles lui seront donnees jwir les aulontes 
v/hinoi.sos {xair qu'il puisse remplir sans obstacle la haute mission 
([ui lui est confiee. 

ARTICLE IlL 
Execution of Treaty of 21th June, 1858. 

Le Tniitc'- iigne a Tien-Tsin. le 27 Juin, 1858 (No, 27), sera 
fidt-lrnient mis j\ execution ilans toules ses clauses, injmi'diate- 
ment apres IVchange tlcb ratifications dont il est parli^Mians TArticle 
in-ci'dcnt. sauf. bien entendu, les nuHlifications <[ue [►cut y apj>orter 
la prcMjnte Convention. 

• S. \\ Vol 51 r«g#. 668. 
181 



Oct. 25, I860.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 29. 

[Indemnity.] 

ARTICLE IV. 

Annulment of Article IV of Treaty of 27th June, 1858. Indemnity 

of 8,000,000 taels to he paid by instalriicnts. 

L'Article IV du Traitd de Tien-Tsin (No. 27, p. I79),parlequel 
Sa Majesty rEnipereur de la Chine s'eiigage a faire payer au 
Gouvernemeiit Fraucjais line indeninit(5 de 2,000,000 de tatils est 
anniile et i*emplac(5 par le present AHicle, qui dl^ve k la somnie de 
8,000,000 de taels le montant de cette indemnity. 

II est convenu que les sonnnes d(\ja payees par la douane de 
Canton i conipte sur la soiume de 2,000,000 de taiils stipuld par le 
Traits de Tieu-Tsin seront consideiees eomme ayant (Stc payees 
d'avance et a coiupte sur les 8,000,000 de taiils dont il est question 
dans cet Article. 

Les dispositions i)rises dans TArtiole IV du Traite de Tien-Tsin 
sur le mode de payement ^tabli au sujet des 2,000,000 de taels sont 
annuldes. Le montant de la somme ({ui rcste a payer par le Gou- 
vemement Chinois sur les 8,000,000 de taels stipules par la presente 
Convention, le sera en y aflfectant le cinquieme des revenus bruts 
des douanes des ports ouverts au commerce (Stranger, et de 3 niois 
en 3 mois ; le premier terme commencjant au ler Octobre de ceLt« 
ann^e et finisaant au 31 Decembre suivant. Cette somme, sp(5ciale- 
m^nt reservde pour le payement de Pindemnite due h, la France, 
sera comptee en |)iastres Mexicaines on en argent ciss^ au cours du 
jour du payement, entre les mains du Ministre de France ou de ses 
d^l('?gu6s. 

Une somme 5,000 taels sera payee cependant Jt compte, d'avance, 
en une seule fois, et k Tien-Tsin, le 20 Xovembre prochain,ou plus 
tot si le Gouvernement Chinois le juge convenable. 

Une commission mixte, noumiee par le Ministre de France et par 
les autorites Chinoises, determinera les regies a suivre pour effVc- 
tuer les payements de toute I'indemuittS, en verifier le montant, en 
donner quittance et remplir enfin toutes les formalities que la comp- 
tabilit^ exige en pareil cas. 

ARTICLE V. 

1,000,000 taels to he paid to Frendi Merchants for their losses at 
Canttyn.y and 7,000,000 /or War Expenses, 

La somme de 8,000,000 de taels est allouee au Gouvernement 
Frant^ais pour I'indemniser des depenses que ses armcments centre 
la Chine I'ont oblige de faire, comme aussi pour dedommager les 
Fran^ais et les proteges de la France qui ont etc spolies, lors de 
Pincendie des factoreries de Canton, etindemniser aussi les mission- 
naires Catholiques qui ont souffert dans leurs personnes ou leurs 
propri($t<5s. l/i Gouveniemont Franrais repartira cette somme entre 
les parties int^ressees dont les droits out et(5 legalement etablis 
devantlui et en raison de ces mSmes droits, et il est convenu, entre 
les Parties Contractantes, que 1,000,000 de taels sera destin^ k 
indemniser les sujets Franrais ou proteges par la France des pertes 

182 



No. 29.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Oct. 25, 1860. 

[Commerce, &c.] 

quMls out (5pronv(58 on des traitemeuts qu'ils ont subis, et que les 
7,000,000 de taiils restant seront afi'ectes aiix d^penses occasionn^es 
par la guerre. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Hestitution of French Eeligiaus Establishments. Right of French 
Missiotuiries to rent and purchase Land in the Provinces, and to 
erect Buildings tliereon, 

Conformdment k Tddit imperial rendu le 20 Mars, 18^16, par 
Tauguste Empereur Fao-Kouang, les ^tablissements religieux et de 
bienfaiiiance qui ont/ ^t^ confisques aux Chretiens pendant les per- 
s^utions dont ils ont &i& les victimes, seront rendus k leurs pro- 
pri^taires par I'entremise de son Excellence le Miiiistre de France 
en Chine, auquel le Gouvernement Imperial les fera ddlivrer avec 
les cimeti^.res et les autres Edifices qui en ddpendaient* 

ARTICLE VII. 

Town and Port of Tien-tsin opened to Trade, Evacuation hj French 

Troops, 

La ville et le port de Tien-Tsin, dans la province de Petchel, 
seront ouverts au commerce etranger, aux memes conditions que le 
sont les autres villes et ports de I'Enipire oil ce commerce est deja 
permis, et cela, i\ dater du jour de la signature de la pr(f*sente Con- 
vention, qui sera obligatoire pour les deux nations, sans quMl soit 
n(5cessaire d'(5changer les ratifications, et qui aura la mome force 
et valeur que si elle 6tait inser^e mot k mot dans le TraitiJ de Tien- 
Tsin. 

Les troupes Fran^aises qui occupent cette ville pourront, apres le 
payement des 600,000 taels dont il est question dans I'Article IV de 
la pr^sente Convention, T^vacuer pour aller s^etablir k Tacou et sur 
la cote nord du Changton, d'oti elles se retireront ensuite dans les 
memes conditions qui presideront k I'evacuation des autres points 
qu'elles occupent sur le littoral de I'Empire. Les commandants en 
chef des forces Franc^aises auront cependant le droit de faire 
hiverner leurs troupes de toutes arraes k Tien-Tsin, s'ils le jugent 
convenable, et de ne les en retirer qu'au moment ou les indemnit^s 
dues par le Gouvernement Chinois auraient^t^ enti^rement paydes, 

• The following is the translation of the Chinese text of the ahoTe Article : — 
Art. VI. It shall be promulgatwl throughout the length and breadth of the 
land, in the terms of the Imperial *' £dict of the 20th February, 1846, that it is 
permitted to all people in all parts of China to propagate and practice the ' teach- 
ing of the Lord of Heaven,' to meet together for the preaching of the Hoctnne, to 
build churches and to worship; further, all such as indiscriminately arrest 
[Christians] shall be duly punished ; and such churches, schools, cemeteries, lands, 
and buildings, as were owned on former occasions by persecuted Christians, shall 
be paid for and the money handed to the French Kepresentativcs at Peking, for 
transmission to the Christians in the localities concerned. It is, in addition, per- 
mitted to French Missionaries to rent and purchase land in all the ProTinces, and 
lo erect buildings thereon at pleasure." — (Mayer's " China Treatief, 1877.** (Em 
also W ijlituus' '* Middle Kingdom.") 

183 ^ 



Oct. 25, ISOO] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 29. 

[Conunerce, &c.] 

a moius cependant qull iie convienne aux commandants en chef de 
les en faire partir avant cette epoque. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

French occupcUum of Chiisan and other Places in China until cam- 

^Action of Indcmnitij Payments. 

II est dgalement eonvenu que, dcs que la pi-e^sente Convention 
aura (5t(5 signt?, et que les ratifications du Traitd de Tien-Tsin 
auront ^t^ (icliangees, les forces Fran^aises qui occupent Chusau 
^vacueront cette ile, et que celles qui se trouvent devant Pekin 
se retireront a Tien-Tsin, h, Takou sur la c6t(i*nord de Changton, 
ou dans la ville de Canton, et que, dans tons ces lieux, on dans 
chacun d*eux, le Gouvernement Fmn^ais pourra, s'il le juge conve- 
nable, y laisser des troupes jusqu'au moment ou la somme totale de 
8,000,000 taels sera pay^e en entier. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Chuu'se Coolie Emigration, 

II est eonvenu entre les Hautes Parties Contractantes que, d^s 
que les ratifications du Traite de Tien-Tsin auront etd ($changee.s, 
un edit impt5riale ordonnera aux autorites supcrieures de toutes les 
provinces de I'Empire de permettre a tout Chinois qui voudrait aller 
dans les pays situes au-dela des mers pour s*y litablir ou y chercher 
fortune, de s'embarquer, lui et sa famille, s'il le veut, sur les bati- 
mentsFran^aisiiui se trouveront dans les ports de TEmpire ouverts 
au commerce (itranger. 

II est eonvenu aussi que, dans Tintdret de ces emigrds, pour 
assurer leur entiere libertc d'action et sauvegarder leurs int6rets, 
les autorites Chinoises competentes s'entendront avec le Ministre 
de France en Chine pour faire les roglements qui devront assurer a 
ces engiigements ton jours volontaires les garanties de moralitd et 
de sdrete qui doivent y prdsider. 

ARTICLE X ET DERNIER. 

Tonmigc Dices on Vessels (/ 150 tons and upwards to be reduced to 

4 maces j^er ton. 

II est bien entendu, entre les Parties Contractantes, que Je 
droit de tonnage qui, par erreur, a <§te fixe, dans le Traitd Fran9ais 
de Tien-Tsin, i 5 maces par tonneau sur les batiments qui jaugent 
130 tonneaux et au-dessus, et qui, dans les Traites signes avec 
TAngleterre et les l5tats-Unis, en 1858, n'est port(5 qu'i la somme 
de 4 maces, ne s'elevera qu'i cette momc somme de 4 maces, sans 
avoir k invoquer le dernier ])aragr»iphe de TArticle XXVII du 
Traitd de Tien-Tsin, qui doune a la France le droit formel de 
reclamer le traitement do la natiun la plus favorisde. 

184 



Mo. 30.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [M»j 11. 1884. 

[Peace.] 

I^ pr/'seiito Convention de Paix a du' faite k IVkin.cn 4 ex]>o- 
ditions, It* 25 Octobre, 18G0, et y a eu' »i^'ni*e par les l*k*n4)oleu- 
tiairei) respectifs, 4ui y out appose le sceau ile leurs annes. 

(LS.) BARON GKOS. 
(L.S.) PKINCE DE KONG. 



[France waa at war with China in 1883 — 1885. A corre- 
s])ondenoe respecting the co-openition of neutral Powers for the 
protection of their subjects in China in case of necessity ; the 
l)U)ckade and l)onibardnient of Foochow ; the neutralitv of 
Shan*,'hae and Wo<»sung, &c., is given in the " State Papers," Vol. 
75, pages 494 and DG9 : and further correspondence respecting the 
rights of neutrals, 1884—1885, in "Suite Papers," Vol. TO, 
page 423. 

A Preliminary Treaty of Peace was signed on the 11th May, 
1884, and a DeHnitive Treaty of PeJict? on the 9th Juih, 1885. 

Tlie British Notification of the raising of the French blockade 
of Formosa of 24th April, 1885, will also l)e found in the " State 
Pa|K»rs," Vol. 70, {>age 1080; and a similar Notification of the 
raising of the blockade of the coast of China in the same volume, 
page 1020.] 



(No. 80.) PRELIMIXAKY CONVENriONof Peace hetivecn 
France ajui China, Siyned at TUn-tMn, Wth May, 1884.* 

Le Oouvemement dc la Republique Francaisc et Sa Majesty 
rKm|K»nMir de Chine voulant, au moyen d'une Convention Pndimi- 
naire, dont les disjjositions servin^nt de bases i un Traite I)efinitif,t 
met In! un terme a la crise (jui atlecte gnivement aujourd'hui la 
tran«|uillite imbliijue et le mouvement general dcs aflaires, retablir 
sans n-tani et assurer ^ jamais les n*lati<>ns de l)on voisinag** ( t 
d'amilir qui d«»ivent exister entre les deux nations, out nomme pour 
leurs i*lenii>otentiaires res^wM'tifs, savoir : 

ARTICLE I 

French Ikfsjtect and Protect um of Chines Frontiers in the 

neii/hbi/urhoixi of Tonkin. 

\a France s'engage i res|»ectcr et a prot4?ger contrc toutp attaque 
d'une nation 4uelcon<iue, et en toutes circonstances, les fronti^res 
8ud de la Chine limitrophes du Tonkin. 

• 9 P. Vol.75. PEg«ll«0. SfenUo Frotoi-ol,4th .\pril, lSh6. Api>endix 6, 
t Ihe Tr^itj of IVacc wat »igu«d Jun* 1^ 1SS5 (No. 31). 



May 11, 1884.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 30. 

[Peace. Trade. Axmam, &o.] 

AKTICLE II. 

Withdrawal of Chiruse Garrison from Tonkin. Chinese Respect to 

Treaties between France and Annam, 

La Chine, rassuree par les garanties formelles de bon voisinage 
qui liii soiit donn(5es par la France quant k Tintegralit^ et k la 
s^curit(5 de ses trontiferes sud, s'engage k retirer iminediatement sur 
ses frontiferes toutes les garnisons Chinoises du Tonkin et k respecter, 
dans le present et dans Tavenir, les Traites directement faits ou k 
faire entre la France et la Cour d'Aimam. 

ARTICLE III. 

French Renunciation of Demand for War Indemnity. 

Reconnaissante de I'attitude conciliante de la Chine et pour 
rendre hommage k la sagesse patriotique de son Excellence Li dans 
la n^gociation de cette Convention, la France renonce k demander 
une indemnity a la Chine. 

French Frontier Trade between Annam and China. 

En retour, la Chine s engage k admettre sur toute T^tendue de 
sa frontifcre sud limitrophe du Tonkin la liberty du trafic des 
marchandises entre la France et TAnnam d'une part et la Chine de 
Tautre, k r^gler par un Traits de Commerce et de Tarifs k faire dans 
Tesprit le plus conciliant de la part des n(5gociateurs Chinois et 
dans des conditions aussi avantageuses que possible pour le com- 
merce Fran9ais. 

ARTICLE IV. 

French Treaties with Annam. Non-use of Language derogatory to 

China. 

Le Gonvemement Franqais s'engage k n'employer aucune 
expression de nature k porter atteinte au prestige de la Chine dans 
la redaction du Traite Dctinitif qu'il va contracter avec rAnnam et 
qui abroge les Traites ant^rieurs relatifs au Tonkin. 

ARTICLE V. 
Definitive Treaty to be Concluded. 

Dfes que la pr^sente Convention aura ^\4 sign(5e, les deux 
Gouverneraents nomnieront leurs Plenipotentiaires, qui se rcuniront 
dans le d61ai de trois mois pour traiter d(;finitivement sur les bases 
ci-dessus arretees. 

Conform6ment aux usages diplcmatiques, le texte Franqais fait 

foi. 

186 



Mo. 31.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [June 9. 1886. 

[Annftm. Tonkin.] 

Fait k Tien-Tain, le 11 Mai, 1884, hi 17* jour de la 4* lune de la 
10*annee de Quanj^-Sha, en quatrc ex|)editi()ii8 ; deux en laugue 
Fran(;aise et deux en langue Cliinoise, sur le.squellcM les IMenipo- 
tentiaires resj)eetif8 out signe et apposi' le sceau de leurs amies. 
Cliocun de« rieniiJOtentiain*s gardt* un exeinplaire de cliaque texte. 

(LS.) FOUUXIER. 

[Seal of Chinese Plenipotentiary.] 



(No. 31.^ TREATY of Peace, Friendship, and Comnuree he 
twern France and China. Sifjned at Tien-tsin, 9th June, IBSo.t 

[I^tifications exchanged at Tukin, 28th November, 1885.] 

Lk Pri'sident de la Ki'publique Fmn^aise et Sa Majeste TEra- 
pereur de Chine, aninies Tun et I'autre d'un i5gjd desir de mettre 
un ternie aux ditlicultos aux([Uelk*s a donne lieu leur int^jrvention 
siiuultaiu'e dans les afTairtis de rAnnam, et voulant rutablir et 
anieliorer les anciennes relations d'ainitie et de commerce <iui ont 
exists entre la France et la Chine, ont resolu de conclure un 
nouveau Traitc rcpondant aux intc^n'ts communs des deux nations, 
en prenant |M)ur base laC<mvention Prcliminaire signt?e a Tien-tsiu, 
le 11 Mai, 1884, ratitiee par Dtcret Iiajx^rial le 13 Avril, 1885. 

A cet elVet les deux llautes Parties Contractantes ont nommd 
j)our leurs PlcnijX)tentiaires, savoir : 

[Here follow the names of the Plenipotentiaries.] 

ARTICLE I. 

Maintenance of Order in Provin^'c of An nam 

La France s'engage k rctablir et ;\ main ten ir I'ordre dans les 
j»r«»vin(4'9 de rAnnam qui cnnlbient a rKuqurc Chinois. A cet 
rtitt rlK' pmidra h's mesures m'rcss^iiri'H ])our <lisj)erserou expulser 
lr> l.andes de piUards ct gens sans aveu (pii compromettent la 
tr..miuilliti' publit^ue et pour emi>echer qu'elles ne se reforment. 

Frontier bet tree n Tonkin and China to he resjMcted hy France. 

Toutefois, les troujws Franraises ne jiourront, dans aucun cas, 
fianchir la frontirre cpii separe le Tonkin de la Chine, fronti6re 
qne la France promet de resi>ecter et de garantir contre toute 
agression. 

• 8. P. Vol. 76. p. 2.'W). 

♦ For ct>rrefpooclen(*e brtwern Grr«t Britain, Frmncr, Ac. rrtpf^ting hofltiiitiet 
M«rr<*n Fnuir^ ami (*liin» thi» ncutrmlitj of Shiingbae and Wootun^, Ac, 18S8, 
l^M. Se« S. P. Vol. 76, p. 960. 

187 



% 



June 9, 1885.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 31. 

[Anaaxn. Tonkin.] 

Bands of Mohbcrs in China Prociacfs iip.ar Tonkin to he dispersed, 

Chinese Troops not to be sent to Tonkin. 

l)e son c6t(5, la Chine s'engage i disperser ou h. expulser les 
bandes qui se r^^fugieraient dans ses provinces liinitrophes du 
Tonkin, et 5. dispei-ser celles qui cliercheniient k se former sur 
son territoire pour aller porter le trouble parmi les ])opulations 
placees sous la protection de la France; et en considA-ation des 
garanties qui lui sont donnoes quant a la S(5curit6 de sa frontifei'e, 
elle s'interdit pareilleinent d'envoyer des troupes au Tonkin. 

Les Hautes Parties Contractantes fixeront par une Convention 
spdciale les conditions dans lesquelles s'effectuera Textradition des 
luallaitcurs entre la Chine et I'Annain. 

Protection of Chinese in Annam, 

Les Chinois, colons ou anciens soldats, qui vivent paisiblement 
en Annam, en se livrant k Tagriculture, k I'industrie, ou au com- 
merce, et dont la conduite ne donnera lieu k aucun reproche, 
jouiront pour leurs personnes et pour leurs biens de la meme 
aecuritiJ que les proteges Fran^ais. 

ARTICLE IL 

Treaties between France and Annavi to be respected by China. 

La Chine, ddcidee k ne rien faire qui puisse compromettre 
Tceuvre de pacification entreprise par la France, s'engage i respecter, 
dans le present et dans Tavenir, les Traites, Conventions, et 
Arrangements directement intervenus ou k intervenir entre la 
France et FAnnam. 

Relations between China and Annam. 

En ce qui concerne les rapports entre la Chine et TAnnam, 11 est 
entendu qu'ils seront de nature k ne point porter atteinte a la 
(lignite de TEmpire Chinois et a ne donner lieu k aucuue violation 
du prdsent Traitd. 

ARTICLE HI. 

Boundary Comviissionrrs to he appointed. 

Dans un delai de six mois, a partir de la signatui-e du present 
Traitv, des Comniissaires designus par les Hautes Parties Contract- 
antes se rendront sur les lieux pour reconnaitre la frontiere entre 
la Chine et le Tonkin. lis pose^ront, partout ou besoin sera, des 
bornes dustintics a nMidre apparente la ligne de demarcation. Dans 
le cas ou ils ne |)()urrai(;nt se niettre d'accord sur Templacement de 
CCS bornes ou sur hi.s recti tications de dutail qu*il pourrait y avoir 
lieu da})ji(Mt<M' a la iVonti^ie actuolle du Tcmkin, dans Tintdret 
comniun dc.i deux pays, ils en refcreraient a leurs Gouvernements 
respectiis. 

188 



No. 31.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [.Tune 9, 1885. 

[Frontier Trade. Tonkin, &o.] 

AKTICLE IV. 

Passports, 

LoTsque la fronti^re aura ^te reconniie, les FraiK^ais ou prot^gds 
Frain;ais et les habitants Strangers du Tonkin, qui voudront la 
franchir pour se reudre en Chine, ne pourront le faire qu'apr^s 
s'fitre munis pr(5alableinent de passeports d^livr(5s par les autorit^s 
('hinoises de la fronti^re, sur la deinande des autorit^s Fran^aises. 
Tour les sujets Chinois, il suttira d'une autorisation d^livrde par les 
autorit^s Imp(5riales de la frontitre. 

Les sujets Chinois qui voudront se rendre de Chine au Tonkin, 
par la voie de terre, devront etre munis de passeports r^guliers, 
d(51ivr(5s par les autoritds Franc^aises, sur la demande des autorit^s 
Imperiales. 

ARTICLE V. 

Frontier Trarh between China and Tonkin, 

Le commerce d'itnportation et d'exportation sera permis aux 
n^gociants Fran^ais ou prott5gds Frangais et aux n^gociants Chinois 
par la frontifere de terre entre la Chine et le Tonkin. 11 devra se 
faire toutefois par certains points qui seront d(5terrain^s ulterieure- 
ment, et donb le choix, ainsi que le nombre, seront en rapport avec 
la direction comme avec Tiraportance du trafic entre les deux pays. 
II sera tenu compte, k cet egard, des reglements en vigueur dans 
rint^rieur de TEmpire Chinois. 

En tout ^tat de cause, deux de ces points seront d^sign^s sur la 
fronti^re Chinoise, I'un au-dessus de Lao-Ka'i, Tautre au-dela de 
Lang-Son. Les commergants Frauqais pourront s'y fixer dans les 
memes conditions et avec les memes avantages que dans les ports 
ouverts au commerce etranger. Le Gouvernement de Sa Majest(5 
TEmpereur de Chine y installera des douanes, et le Gouvernement 
de la R^publique pourra y entretenir des Consuls dont les privileges 
et les attributions seront identiques k ceux des Agents de meme 
ordre dans les ports ouverts. 

Appointment of Chinesr Consuls, 

De son cot^, Sa Majest6 TEaipereur de Chine pourra, d'accord 
avec le Gouvernement Fran^ais, nommer des Consuls dans les 
principales villes du Tonkin. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Trade Befful-ations between Tonkin and Yun-Nan, 

Un R^glement special,* annexd au prt^sent Traite, pr^cisera les 
conditions dans lesquelles s'effectuera le commerce par terre entre 

* Tlie Regulations in question were drawn up in the first instance between M. 
Ciigordan and tbe Viceroy, Li-Hung-Chang, and signed at Tientsin on 25th April, 
1886, and were subsequently modified by an Additional Convention signed by 
M. Constans and th« Tsnng-li-Yam^n on the 26th June, 1887. Sec page 203 

(No. 33). 

189 



Jime 9, 18S5.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 31. 

[Annam. Coxninerce, Ao.] 

le Tonkin et les ProWnces Cliinoises dn Yun-Xan, du Koaang-Si, 
et du Kouang-Toug. Ce Reglement sera elabore par des Com- 
missaires qui seront nommes par les Hautes Parties Contractantes, 
dans un delai de trois niois apres la signature du present Traite. 

Les marchaudises faisant Tobjet de ce commerce sertmt soumises, 
h Tentree et a la sortie, entre le Tonkin et les Provinces du Yun- 
Xan et du Kouang-Si, a des droits inferieurs k ceux que stipule le 
tarif actuel du commerce etranger. Toutefois, le tarif reduit ne sera 
pas applique? aux marchaudises transportees par la frontiere terrestre 
entre le Tonkin et le Kouang-Tong, et n'aura pas d'eflfet dans les 
ports deji ouverts par les Traites. 

Trade in Arms and Jfunitiois of War. 

Le commerce des armes, engins, approvisionnements, et muni- 
tions de guerre de toute espece sera soumis aux lois et reglements 
edict& par cliacun des £tats Contractants sur son territoire. 

Oj)ium Trade. 

L'exportation et Timportation cle I'opium seront regies par des 
dispositions speciales qui figureront dans le Reglement Conmiercial 
susmentionne. 

Trade hy Sea between China and Annam, 

Le commerce de mer entre la Chine et TAnnam sera Element 
Tobjet d*un Itiglemeut particulier. Provisoirement, il ne sera 
innov^ en rien a la pratique actuelle. 

ARTICLE VIL 
Const ructum of Railways, 

En vue de dc^velopper dans les conditions les plus avantageuses 
les relations de commerce et de bon voisinage que le present Traits 
a pour objet de retablir entre la France et la Chine, le (Jouvenie- 
niont de la Rt'publique con.struira des routes au Tonkin et y 
encouragera la construction de cliemins de fer. 

Lorsque, de son cote, la CJiine aura decide de constniire des 
voies ferrees, il est enlfrndu quelle s'adressera k Tindustrie 
Franraise, et le Gouverneui^rnt de la Republique lui donnera 
toutes les facilites \K)\xy se j^rocurer en France le personnel dont 
elle aura besoin. 11 est ent^.-ndu aussi que cette clause ne pent 
lire cousidt^ree comme con.stituani un privilege exclusif en faveur 
de la France. 

ARTICLE VIIL 

Duration of Commercial Stipulations. 

Les stipulations commerciales du present Traite et les r^gle- 

190 



Mo. 3L] CllINA AND FRANCE* [June 9. 1886. 

[Oominero«, Ao.] 

meiits a intervenir pourront etre revis's apr6s un intervulli' de 
10 nns ri'volus k partir du jour de rt'cliaii^e des ratiticatiiUH <lu 
pn'stMit Traite. Mais, au cas ou, six mois avaiit le terine, ni Tune 
ni I'autre des Ilaute.s Parties Contrictaiites ii'aurait inanifesti* la 
di»3ir de procoiler k la revision, luj stij>uLitioits coiuiuerciales 
restenueut en vigueur pour un uouveau teriue de 10 aus et aiusi 
dc suite. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Ecaeualion of Chinese Territory hy Frnich Forces, 

Dt^s que le pn5sent Traite aura (5te sij:jne, les forces Fran(j:uses 
reoevront Tordre de se retirer de Kelung et de cesser la visite, &e., 
en haute nier. Dans le delai d'un mois apr^s la si^^nature du 
pnVsent Traite, Tile de Forniose et las Pescadores serout eutiere- 
nient evacuees par les troupes Franc^aises. 

ARTICLE X. 

Cimfirmntion of eristing Treaties as hereby modified. 

I^es dispositions des anciens Traites, Acconls, et Conventions 
entre la France et la Chine non modititJs par le present Traite 
restent en pleine vigueur. 

Rtitifications, 

Le prt'sent Trait45 sera ratitie d6s i pn'sent par Sa Majentt^ 
rEni|H'reur tie Chine. et,apr(*s ou'il aura ete ratiHt? par le President 
d»j la Ut-])ubli<jue Frauc^Aise, 1 ^change des ratiHcations se fern a 
IV'kin dans le plus bref delai i>ossihle; 

Fait a Tien-tsin, en tjuatre exeniplaires, le 9 Juin, 188.*>, 
cnrn-.HjKmdant au 27* jour de la 4* lune de la 11* annde Kouang- 
Sien. 

(L.S.) PATKNOTRE. 

(LS.) SI TCHKN. 

(LS.) LI H()N(J CHAXCt. 

(kS.) TEXG TCUENO SIEOU. 



191 o 



April 25, 1886.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [NO. 32. 

[Ooxnineroe, Ao.] 



(No. 32.) CONVENTION COMMERCIALE entre la France ci 
la Chiiu. SigrUe A Tien-Tsin, le 2o Avril, 188G.* 

Le President de la E^publique fran^aise et S. M. rEnipereur de 
Chine, d&irant conclure, confonndment aux dispositions de Tai-ti- 
cle 6 da traits du 9 juin, 1885 (No. 31), una convention pour 
rdgler les conditions dans lesquelles s'effectuera le commerce par 
terre entre le Tonkin et les provinces meridionales de Tenipire, et 
prenant, d'autre part, en consid(5 ration Tarticle 10 du meme acte, qui 
maintient les anciens traites, accords et conventions conclus entre. la 
France et la Chine, ont nomra(5 pour leurs pl^nipotentiaires savoir : 

Le President de la Rdpublique franqaise, 

Le sieur Franqois-George Cogordan, Ministre plenipotentiaire, 
sous-directeur des Affaires politiques au Ministk'e des Affaires 
(^trangferes, etc., envoy^ en mission extraordinaire en Chine. 

Assist^ du sieur Fran»}ois-Edmond Bruwaert, Consul de France, 
etc. 

Et S. M. TEmpereur de Chine : 

Li-Hong-Tchang, commissaire impcJrial, premier grand secre- 
taire d'fitat, grand prt^cepteur honoraire de Theritier pr^somptif, 
surintendant du commerce des ports du Nord, directeur-adjoint des 
armees navales, gouverneur g^ndral de la province Tch(5-La, appar- 
tenant au premier degr^ du troisi^me rang de la noblesse, avec le 
titre de Sou-Yi ; 

Lesquels, apr^s s'etre communique leurs pleins pouvoirs, qui 
ont iti reconnus en bonne et due forme, sont convenus des stipula- 
tions suivantes : 

ARTICLE I. 

Two localities to be opened to Commerce : one north of Langson, the 
other above Laokau Appointmervt of French Consuls, 

Art. l**". Aux termes de Tarticle 5 du trait(5 du 9 juin, 1885 
(No. 31), les Hautes Parties contractantes conviennent qu'il y a 
lieu, quant k present, d'ouvrir au commerce deux localit^s, Tune 
au nord de Langson et Tautre au-dessus de Laokai. 

La Chine y (5tablira des bureaux de douane et la France aura 
la faculte d'y nommer des Consuls qui jouiront de tous les droits 
et privileges concedes en Chine aux Consuls de la nation la plus 
favorisee. 

Les travaux de la Commission chargde de la delimitation des 
deux pays ne se trouvant pas termines au moment de la signature 
de la presente convention, la locality k ouvrir au commerce au nord 
de Langson d(^via etre choisie et determinde dans le courant de la 
prusente annee, apres entente entre le Gouvemement imperial et le 

* Do Clercq's Treatio?', vol. xrii, p. 164. Cette convention a ^t^ ratifiee imm^- 
diateuient par I'Emperfur de la Chine: la ratification du President de la R^pub- 
lique est dat^e de la fin de novembre, 188S ; jusqu'ici (decembre, 1890) I'^hange 
ofilciel des ralificutions n'a pas encore ^te eflfoctue. (See Additional CouTentioziy 
26 June, 1887, No. 33) 

192 



Mo. 32.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [April 25, 18f6. 

[Oomin«ro«, Ao.] 

R^]>r^8ontant de la France h Pitkin. Quant a la locality (jui devra 
^tre ouvertt* au commerce au-dessus de LiokaV, elle sera <5}^alement 
di^ti»rmint^e d*un commun accord, k la suite des travaux do recon- 
naissance de la frontiere entre les lieux pays. 

• 

ARTICLE II. 

Appoiniinent of Chituse CanJiuU at Hanoi and Ilaiphwig ami in 

other cities of Tim kin, 

Airr. 2 Le Gouvemement impt^rial pourra nommer des Coi.ftcils 
k Hanoi et k Haiphong. Des Consuls cliinois pourront aussi fitre 
envoyes plus tard dans d'autres gnmdes villes du Tonkin, «[»r68 
entente avcc le (»ouvernement fran<;ais. Ces agents serniit trjiit^^s 
de la meme manicure et auront les memes dn>its, les privileges (pie 
les Consuls de la nation la plus favorist^e etaiilis en t ranee, ("est 
avec les autoritc^s fran^aises eliarijees du protcctorat (^u^ils entre- 
tieudront tons leurs rapports ofiiciels. 

ARTICLE HI. 

Local Authtrritien to facilitate the EfftablishmeTU of Consulates, 
Anna miles to enjoy Most- Favoured Nation treat in nil in tlu (tjyen 
Ports. 

Art. 3. II est convenu de part et d'autre que, dans les local ites 
ofi des Consuls seront envoyc^s, les autoriti*s res{)ectives s'cm- 
ploieront a faciliter Tiustallation de ces agents dans des residences 
honorables. 

Ia»s Fran(;ais pourront s'Aablir dans les local ites ouvertes au 
commerre k la fnmtiire de Chine dans les conditions privues par 
les articles 7, 10, 11, 12 et autres du traitd du 27 juin, 1858 (No. 
27). Les Annamites jouiront dans ces localites du lueme trnite- 
ment privilegi<5. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The Chin^sr way jwmtm Land, erect lUtildinfjsi, opni hovsrn of C* /n- 
nirrre, and hold Shi'p'i in Annam, Thrir l*t im>ns and Projkrty 
to ftr jtrott'cted. The Cttrrtitpondenee and TeletjramR to jxiss freely 
thwwjh the French Postal Administration, I ranee to receive the 
same I^rivHeges from China, 

Art. 4. Les Chinois auront le droit de posseder des terrains, 
dVlever des constructions, d'ouvrir dt»a maisons de commerce et 
d*avoir <ies magasiiis ilans tout TAnnani. lis ontiendrnnt \h)\\t 
leur |K'rsonnf, leurs families et leurs biens. protection et security, 
k 1 e;4al iles suj<»ts de la nation euroiH»enne la plus favorisee et, 
c(»mnH» res deniiers, ils ne jxuirront etre Tobjet d*aucun mauvais 
tniiti'mrnl. I>»s corn»siH»ndanc«*s orti«Melles et privi'es. b»s tcle- 
gruninirs ii^'y^ fomlionnairfs et cnmmen;ants chinois srront trans- 
mis sans difficulle i>ar les administrations iK)6tale et telc^^Tapliique 
fran<;aises. 

193 2 



Apnl 25. 1886.J CHINA AND FKANrK. [Mo. 31. 

[ Cummer c«f Ac.] 

Ia*s Fran<;ais recrvmnt «lc Ki Cliiiu* le nu-me traitenient priviU- 
gie. 

AinirLK V. 

Akt. r>. r>»s FraiH,MiH. |»n»t*'LaV4 fran(;ai8 on t'traiip'is rtal»lij« au 
Tonkin |Mnirnnit fniiichir Ja froiitit»n* rt p^Mirlrur eii <*liin(\ i\ hi 
C(»n(liti«»n (IV'tre niiiiiis (!«; |ui«*si'|»'irt<. <V8 jMia^Ji'iKirti* semnt cK'lt- 
vn''s ]»ar li*s autoriu^ i*liiiioiM*s df In fmntit-n'. a la ivijn/'U* <l<*s 
autont/'S fraii<;ais4's. qui b-s drinaiKlrnait p(*ulfiiii.*nt iMi favour dt; 
|jersinini*s Inaionililc^ : iU s«*ronl ri*n<lu«» au notour ft aunul<-'«. 
L(irsi|u'un vnyap'ur ilfvra iniviTsiT uur IfK'alitc «ic*ciijH-e par «!••« 
alxnip-nes ou lU-s sjiuva"^i»?*, il s«T.i nu'iitimint* sur h; |»a*«k*j»«>rt 
qu'il n y a pas daiis a*tto liK'alitc de fnuctitmniiire cliiiioia t|ui 
jaiis.H*' li» ]»n»ti*^«T. 

I^*>» <'liini»is <|ui voudnuit w n-ndn* d«» Chine au Tonkin jiar hi 
Toil' d«* t^'rro dt»vr«»nt dr hi inrnu* inanii'D* «*ln* munis «le pai*!*«»|Hnl»* 
<h'livn's par h-s autoril/s franrais*"* a hi nMpirtr df-s uutorit/^i 
chiuiiistw (pii Ic.s drniandcri>nt bouU-UK'nt eu faviur do |H.*r4<)nn«*s 
hon«»r.il»h*s. 

lii'.s jms-H'iNirts ain^i dt'livn'^ df |»iirt <'td autre sorvinmt siniple- 
miMit ih* litrr df v«»\ap* rt ne |K.urront jwis «'ln* rtMiHidi-n'H roniii.e 
dos mtifitMls dVxi-niplinn di» laxe |n»ur le traii*t{M*rt drs niar- 
chandi^es. 

\a*^ auti»riti'H rhinnines sur !•» «^\ <"hinnis et \r% aut*»rit«'i* fran- 
<jaiM»H au Tmkin au!«»!.t h* dn»it d*arn**t«'r !«•,» ]K*TS4)nne« (pii 
aurai«Mit frtnrhi la f!i»nti^r»* sin^ pa<^«»poit it dr U'«» rfin«-ltn* aux 
mains d(* raul<>rit«*r»s|KM tivr | nur ttie juj^'t'i-s rt |'Unie** s'd y a li«-ii. 

I>**4 ('liinnis liihitaiit rAnnam |-»iuriint r»nti«T dii T«»nkin rii 
Chin** t*n uhtrnanl '»ini|-l»in«*iit di-? ;nir.»n:«''» ini|H:riale.H un hiisit-r- 
pass«T. h-ur |MTmi'ttant df lrui«liii l.i fp-ntun*. 

\a"^ Kranru<rl ant!*-* |t«i'-«»n!i»-ii tal^li- tiaii^ h-* ]non1it«'-< ouvi-r- 
to« a la t"nMii;» n* [-•uimnt rir- uIlt -•ans pa^x-jN.rt *lan?» un ray«»n do 
f»0 li>, autour dc ces hH'alitt'-K 

ARTK I.K YI. 

JA r#*A 'iniiist I tnj Hirtf*l inff f'^*i. * i . Tn i hj* it Iht*s. CuAf* » ms. 

Ai:r ♦'• • L«"* ni;ir' h.indi-**-* iiM{*«.if4'*'s lian** h-H hHMlit*'*! oiivrrtt'S 
nu ♦••■Jiiiin!" I- a hi ii«in*i»Tf d»* r|ii!n. | ar h ,- n/-'«H iant> Irant.ai*^ rt 
]•*•» I r '!• J •» tKii:. .ii-» |h livrnt. .i| I. ^ ai •lunit-nii'nt d»*^ ilmith d'lin- 
j-'iTi'hii •* i. ti in-|"<M« ••* -Ml h ^ mail ]i« ^ int«rit iipi •!«' la < 'Inni* 
d i!i> )• - • ••:i. ':•:.■! - t:\» . -. par h- 7* :»\:l»-m» iit aiiii'-Xf du li 4!t»' «lu 
I'T y.wi H*'^ No. 27 ». 'i p.ir h- t- -l.-nii-n'-* u'»*ii»n*u\ dc U 
t!«»UJ*'' m.tu:::!..- -^ur h-^ pa>.-* - »ii* lian-;t a r;iii|M>rtati<>ii. 

I »i * .jii»' d» '• lit iT' !. iiili~»-i ftr.iii;^' rt"i «•• r'«nl nii|«»rti t-s dan« ri*s 
h»«;d;!' h, d- • l.iia*;":. •ii'\ra ♦*:if tai:** tn d«'U.in»* ih* hi n-ilun* et de 
l.\ •pianttt** dt' < !•<« luai' hahdi**!'.-* ain>i <pit* du n«>ni dt* hi iMT-^unie 

* Truf uioiiaI!^ niMlifl^ki lijr AJdiUvod ('9n«roUuii of SGih Juat, ltK^7 iMO. 33)* 



Mo. 32.] CHINA AND FUANCE. [April 25. 1886. 

[Oomin«ro«, Ao.] 

qui l*?a aecompagne. Jji douane fera pn)ceder h la verification et 
|>erccvra le droit dii tarif general de la douane maritime chiuoise 
<liminuo d'un cinquieme. Les articles non deiiommc^s au tarit* res- 
lemnt passibles du dmit de 5 ad ralonm. i'e nVst qn'api*^s 
que le droit aura t*to payd <jue les marchandises [Kjurront sortir do 
magasin, etre exi)ediet»8 et vendues. Ia) negcK^iant qui voudrait 
envoyer dans Tinterieur des marchandises c^trangires devra faire 
une nouvelle declaration en douane, et payer, sans rdduction, le 
droit de tninsit inscrit dans les reglements genemux de la douane 
maritime chinoise. Aprts ce pavement, la douane delivrera' une 
passe de transit cpii permettra au porteur de se rendre dans la 
i<Halit<5 dc^signee sur la passi* pour y disposer desdites mar* 
cliiindises. 

A ce^ conditions, aucune perception nouvelle ne sera faite au 
pai»saLce des barrieres interieures et des bureaux du likin. 

Les marchandises p<iur lesquelles des passes de transit n'au- 
raienl pas ete demandi^es seront passi! les de tons les droits de 
barrii le et de likin imj)as(?s aux produits indigenes dans Tinterieur 
du pays. 

ARTICLE Vn. 

Mnchandise exj^orifd from China, Transit Dues, Jcc, Yun-Kafl 
and Kifuany-Si Custom -Hou^ses, France to participate in any 
nt'xc Customs Tariff', 

Am. 7.* I-es marchandises acheti'-es par des Fran^ais ou des pro- 
trges franrais sur les marches interieurs de la Chine peuvent ^tre 
ament'es dans les local ites ouvertes de la frontiere pour etre, de Ik 
rxportees au Tonkin, dans les conditions fixees par le 7* riglemeni 
annexe <lu traitt^ du 27 juin, 18,18 (No. 27), sur le transit des mar- 
cliandises d*ex|>ortation. 

L>r84|ue des marchandises chinoisesarriveront dans ces locality 
jM.ur etre exiM)rt<*es, declaration devra etre faite en douane de la 
nature et de la <piantil(5 de ces marchandises, ainsi que du nom de 
la |H'rs<»niie cpii les accompagne. La douane fera pn)ceder k la 
vi'-ntijation. Cellea de ces man^handises qui auraient M achetees 
a rinterieur ]mr le nt'^gociant muni <i'une jKisse de transit, et qui 
n'auiaient, <lts lors, acquitte ni taxe de likin, ni taxe de barriere 
auront tl'abonl k payer le droit de transit inscrit au tarif gen(?ral 
<le la douaiie maritime chinoise. Elles i>ayeront ensuite le dn>it 
dVx|H»rtation du taiif general diminud de 13. Ia^s articles non 
(i«'nnninu's au tarif rest^Tont jmssiblea du dr(»it <le 5 ^rf valorem. 
A\iTvs lacquittement de ces tiixes, lea marchandises jnairront sortir 
libn*ment et etn» expediees au-delh de la frontiere, 

I^ lu'gmnant <pii, ayant achete des marchandises dans I'in- 
U'rieur, ne sera psis muni d'une pju^se de tninsit, devra acquitter au 
passii^ie <les bun»aux de f>erception les taxes de barriere et de likin ; 
iU'S n*cepiss('*s devront lui etre diMivrt's. A son arriv'^e i\ la chmano, 
il s<ra exem|>t6 du |>aiement du droit de tninsit sur le va de ces 
n*iVpiHst-s. 

* ProTuioiuJlj modified by Additional Contention of 26ih June, 1887 (Ko. 33)- 

195 



April 25. IS^KJ CUINA AND FKANC£. rMO. 32 

[Ooiiim«ro«, Ao.j 

I.4'.s roiiiiiieivaiit.s fnuK^am et prut<'*«;r8 fruii<^*nid imiKirtaiit ou 
ex|M>rtaiit, ileH luurrhaiu list's |iar les bureaux de douuiie de la 
fnmlirn* «lu Yun-Naii el du KiMiaii^'-Si i-t lea coiniiK*r<;:intK diinois 
important uu t*x|»ortaut kUa niaixliaiidiHOfl au Tonkin n'uunmt k 
acquit liT aurun*' taxi* «li* |M*a^e jMmr leur» voitures ou Ifurs In' lea 
de souiine. Sur les cours ilVau navi;^aldi*a franchiiwant la friinti^re, 
Ics ImniUi'H {Hmri-out viw, dt* )»art et d'autiv, M)uniiai« k un droit 
dir tonnnp\ confurnieiuent au legleniuiit de la douaiie maritime des 
deux |mys. 

Hn re ijui concernc les dinpisitinnH du present article et du 
pivtvdent, il eHt convtiiu, entre les llauteH Tartien contractantea 
que, A un nouveau taiif duuanier vient a etre etahli, d'un connnun 
a<*enrd, entre la Cliine el une tierce |»uiss.ince i>our le c(»mmerce 
I<ar Utre sur les fiiHititTes su<l-uue.st de THmpire cliinois, la France 
jKMirra en ubteiiir rapi^lication. 

AKTICLE VIII. 
I\*'r.qh>r(tUufn oj for' itjn M* rchuulvsi^ from China, 

AuT. H. Les niarchandises eiran':«*n« qui, n'ayant pu etre ven- 
dues, st-raient, dans un di'l.ii de treiit<*-six innis.apieH avoir aequitte 
le dn»it d'iiu)Mirtati«)ii a Tuuf di*s d'lUane.H fn»nli«*reH ohinoimM. reex- 
jHilit'es Vers I'autix* *l<iuaiie tn»nlii-rt\ jM'nint exaniineeM a la pn»- 
niieiv de res tloiumes, el .^i K-s i'n\el(ip|K's en s<>nt resuVs intarteH, 
si rien n en a ele disliail «»u elian;ie. elles n-eevnint un rertificat 
d'excmi>tion du nionlanl dt* la taxe prinutivenient ]N'n;ue. 1^ 
jMnUMir de rt» eerliliral d'('\«'nipli*>n |Hiurni le reuieUn* a I'autre 
dttuaiie frnnliere a I'ari^uit du nou\eau droit qu'il aura a {layer. 
I^i doiiane ]NMirra e;;ali-nient delivn*r dt*ii \nt\\^ Vidal»le«t ^leudant 
o ans. |M»ur tout |uyeiii«iil ultt-rieur a fairv au uienie bureau. 11 
ne si'ia jamais icndu d'.ii'^rnl. 

Si ei*s mrmis m.irrliantiist-s sont nVxjH-duVs vers uu ilt*H iM»rt8 
ou\eil> de I.i Chine, ellis y s« r«»nt. «-t>nttfrm«'ment a la n-j^le p'*ne- 
rale de la douane maritime rhinoiM-, MiUiniM-.s au dniit d'im(»ortu- 
iMiu. >iiiis qu'on puis«4«* y fain* U'ia^u ile res rertitieatM uu Imns «le 
il«iu.in«'s tn»nli»-re*», II n«- s* ra pas n«»n plus ]NKv«iMt' d'y pnWnter 
a rai'juit dfs dh»its K-s quittaiires dilivir<-A [ur les d<*uanes fn»n- 
li«-nr? 1« !•! ilu pr«*mier vrrs4 uirut. (^hiant aux «lii»it.H dt- trah'<it, une 
[••!<; aiijuiiu'-s. \\> ne p •mrt'ht jamais, iMnfoinn'incnt aux reul«*m«'nta 
a|»[>li'|U<.'s tians les |Htrt> tiuvt-rt.-^, di»nner lieu a lu delivnuiev de 
Intio uu rertiticat^ d'exemptiuu. 

AKTULK IX. 

A!:r. 0. I^*s manhandiM'^ rhin«>isi'S t|ui. aprtX< av«»ir acquittr a 
I'un »lt"» b\ni-au\ *lf la lr«»nt;tT»* Ifs tin^its de tninnit i*t tj f\|»iirta- 
th'ii. •^i-raifnl r» • \|H'-«iii-. ^ \,.r«i lautr** doiiane In'Utiere |«Mir t'tre 
\fM«!iii*s. lif M'r«»iil s^iiims*"*. a ifur arrivte a frtif *««•<'• lUtltr d«*uane, 
qu'au payvuient, a Hire de dri'it 'le rv-im|K>rtatiuii, dc la moitie du 



Mo. 32.] CUINA AND FRANCE. [April 25, 188C. 

[Oommeroe, Ac] 

droit d*exi»ortation deji |)erc;u. Ces inarchandiHeH iie pourruiit 
alors, con fon I lament aux r^pleiiients etablis dans les [M)rts ouverU, 
etre trnnsiM^rtt'es dans rinti'*rieur par leH coninien^anU etrangere. 

Si ces marohandiseH chin<»ise.^ sont tninsportees dans un des 
]M)rts ouverts de la Chine, elles 8^»ront assiuiilees k des nianliandi ea 
etmngtres, et devront ac4iuitter un nouveau dnnt entier d'iniporta- 
tion, conforuidment au Urif gent^ral de la douane maritime. 

Ces marchandisiui serout admises k payer le droit de transit 
fonv pi^netrer dans TinU^rieur. 

Ia»8 marcliandiseschinoisesexportAjs d'un port de mer de Chine 
v**rH un {)ort aunamite, pour etre, de Ik, transportees k la frontiire 
i\v terre et rentrer eusuite en territoire chinois, seront traiU^ea 
ciHnnie marchandises etningires, et devront payer le droit local 
d'ijniM)rtAti()n. Ces marchandises seront admises k payer le droit 
de Iraniiit jHjur [>em$trer dans Tinterieur. 

ARTICLE X. 

Chint'Sf Customs Dfclaratwns, Smuggling, Falae Dedaraiions, 
Penult its. Trade an Navigable Hirers, 

AuT. 10. Les declarations en douanes chinoises devront Stre 
faites dans les trente-six heures qui suivront Tarrivde des marchan- 
dises irnivortees ou export4?es, sous peine d'une amende de 50 taels 
)>ar chaque jour de retard, sans que cette amende puisse exc<?der 
200 t4U'ls. 

Vne dtVlaration inexacte de la quantit(5 des marchandises, s'il 
f^l ]»rnuvi'' (ju'elle a itii faite <lans I'intention d'echapiKjr au paye- 
mrnt des droits, entniine pour le marchand la confiscation de sea 
iiuirchandises. I^s marchandises (|ui, uou munies du pemiis da 
ch(»f de la douane, seniient clandestinement intnxiuites par des 
tlifiuins dt'tounies, dehalU^es et vendues, ou qui seraient Tobjet 
d'un acte intentionnel de contrebande, seront inti»gralenient con- 
fi^^quoes. Toute fausse declaration ou manoeuvre tendant a tromper 
la (loiiane sur la qualite, la (juantite, la reelle pn)venance ou la 
n'-rlle tlestination des marchanilises apjwlees a iK'neficier des passea 
de transit, donnera lieu a la confiscation des man'handises.- Cea 
jM-iialites devnmt etre pnnioncees dans les conditions et selon la 
pn>c<'dure fixees par la reglement du 31 mai, 1SG8. 

Dans tou3 les cas oii la confiscation aura^t<5 prononcee, le ndgo- 
ciant jMiurra liljerer ses marchandises moyennant le versement 
d'une soninie e<[uivalente k leur valeur dftment determin&i par une 
eiib'nte ave<! les autorit^^s chinoises. 

Les aut^)rites chinoises auront toute lilx;rt<5 d'aviser aux mesures 
k prendre en Chine, le long de la frontiere, i>our emi)echer la 
contrebande. 

1^8 marchandises descendant ou remontant les voies navigablea 
a Uird de Uiteaux fran(;ais, annamites ou chinois ne devront paa 
^ln» necessiiirement delmrqurcs a la frontiere, k moins qu'il n*y 
ait apparence de fraude ou divergence entre IVtat de la cargais<>n 
el les declarations du manifeste. La douane ne iK)urni qu'envoyer 
a burd desdita bateaux des agents |>our en fairu la visite. 

197 



April 2.-1. I ftN«.; nilNA AND FIIAN'CE. [Mo. 32. 

[Commerce, Ae.] 

AinirLK XI. 

£.rjH^trt awi InijHtrt <*/ ChintM frti>*U fr%ni\ and to Tunkin. ExciM 

lhitu!% lit Tonkin, 

AUT. II. I-4S ]irtxiuitH ifoii^iine oliiiioitie iiiiiMirtr.s au Tonkin 
|Kir lii t'n>iiti(Tt' (li* t«*rre uuroiit i\ a('(|uitter It* (In)it 4riiii|Mitiati(»n 
ilu Uirif traiu-o-aiinainit**. lU \w |uiyen»nt aiicuii <ln»it li exiM>rttt- 
lion u la s^irtit* dii Toukiii. II Hcm (i(»iiiH* c«»iiiiiiuiiioutioii au 
Gouv«Tiu*mciit iiupi'riul ilu ii'juvcau turif (|ut* la France elaUira 
an Tonkin. 

S*il fsl rtalili au Tonkin •l«»-Htaxe«d*arciso. de c< insomnia t ii >n ou 
ill* ^.inui*.ir .sur tvitains nrliflr.'* \\%* |»r«Hhi(*tiun indigene, lea i»n>- 
fluits "(iniiliiired cliin<>is aumnt a jtuUr, u rimporUUiuu, ded laxea 
('i|uivah'nteH. 



AKTHLK XII. 

f7< //#'**• titmnts in tr'tftsit thrf'i'ffft Tt'itkin. PnttiltifA /or /al« 
I h. In I at if HA. Tio Siiin* ltid*s to /«»• ajtjtlimtJr tu Annum. 

A\n\ 12. Ia*.s nian'han«l:<(*'.srIiiniii«4'Sf{ui s<*n«ient tran8|M»rtt'es 4 
tmviTs K* Tonkin diun* «l»s ili*u\ d^ •nanus fr«»ntii'rfs vrn* Tautre 
d\»uanc fnuilu-iv ou vi-ih un poit .mnuniitr, |M»ur t'*tre de la i'X|M»r- 
t«*t\s en rhiiir, .S4*n>nt m'IMium «. a un dn>it •»|'«Hitii|U«' df trunMt «|ui 
nt* dc|>;i2^ora p;is 1' (» dr la \.di'Ur ; au |M»inl di* »4»rtie du territoire 
i'hin(»i.*4, cv.H nianliandi'^rs •!f\iiint rtn? reconnucs |»iir raut«*ht^ 
douanitTt' fiani^aJM* de la t'i<intit-i«\ «(ui vn ^|i4Vitii•^a la nature, la 
qu.inttt/* i'i la di'^tinatiuu daiiA drs ifititirats irttri^int* d«*-'^tini% k 
(*{Tv I'liMluits a t«iut(' ir<p*i}*ili«»n d«*s uutoriu's frani;aiM*.H, durant le 
]»aro»urs a travfr> !*■ T»iikin. ain-^i <|u'au |N»rt d«' tran>U)rdcnjt'nt. 

Atin dc ^aranlir la dfuan«' tiani-«»-annHnuu* rontn* t<»ut4; framla 
piiSHil.lf, i-i'> juiNluitij thin««t'» a«.«|Uitlcrunl a reniri-e du Tonkin le 
droit d'ini|Mirtation. 

Vu (•a^M-«U'Ii«iut Ivs a('ooni|*a^'ntTa jus4|ua la Mirtie 84»it |iar le 
|Kiit 4lc tranalMirdmit nt. Miit a la li«»nti«'re t«*rn*stre, t;t Iom miiuuh^ 
\frM'i'> |>ar l«' pioprit'taiii* lif^ inairliandiMx^ lui .M-ptnt. diMluctinu 
fiiif du «li»'il *\v iraiiHii, ii -^iitn. .'•» a cr nuaiit-nt, s'll y u lit-u, eu 
e- ii.iiiLif du r»i »!»:'•*»• dili\i« |'.ir 1«> li^uaii*-^ du Tonkin. 

T<iut«- tau>*>r tit I I.tiaiifh i*u iiiaiiou\if trndant dune nianit'its 
('\id«-nt(* a tioni|'iT radimiitHtiali'^n ti.in< aisc .•*ur la «{Ualit*;.la <|uan- 
tit* la ii'>-ll«' |'rov«iian< •- <'U la i*tll«' d«"*ttiiatiiiii d* s man liaiidi.Hcfi 
a|*|Ml. t'H a j«>\iir «lu trait«'ii**'nt hj..'-. i.d a|i|'liral'l«? au.v iipHiiiita 
Uiiii«':<» 41:1 tia\ip»i font It'Ti'iikin tii transit, doimrra lu'U a la <:iin* 
ti<«(Mt;<'U *U< iiiar< )iaiMli<«* <«. 

P.iij-* tolls It-* i'A^ i»u la < ojiti'-'aliMh aura vU- |»ronon«v»-, I*' in'*- 
pH i.iiit i^'Uiia hi'titr m <« niai» liaiidi<»t-^ luovt'iiiiant !«■ |»aytiiifnt 
ii uif -*• tuiii*- «'*^ii.\ .i!«-tit*- a \' ui \.di-ui •luiiiviit di-l^'iiiiiijt r |*ar une 
f!ili*:jt»' aVfi li-* .iu!"i:t*"* ti.iii* .::•»•■■* 

Ia^ in**nn"» i» ;:!•-» «•: Ii i;i-"i»i»- t.i\o dr transit R4»rf»nt A|»|iIi«\'ililos 
en Aiinani au.\ ineruhandidt-i cltiti*»i<>e;i 4UI Mruieol expcUieea d'un 

19ti 



Mo. 32.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [April J5, 18W. 

[Oommaroe, 4^.] 

l><»rt (le Chine wrs un port annamite pour gagner,de la, lea douanes 
Inmtieres chinoists i travers le Tonkin. 

ARTICLE XIII. 
DiiliaUt: Gooda fi/r personal use. 

Art. 13. Les articles suivants: Lor et Targent en barres; 

La nionnaie etran^i^re ; 

\ji farine, la farine ile niais, lo mij^ou ; 

I^» biscuit ; 

I^»8 conserves de viandes et de lej^umcs ; 

Le fminage, le beurre, les sucreries ; 

Les vetements etrangers ; 

l>a bijouterie ; 

L'arj^enterie ; 

Lh parfunierie ; 

Ia'S savons de toute esi>ice ; 

I^ charbon de Ixns ; 

\Ai bois a briller ; 

Ia»s l)OUjxies et la chandelle ^tranijires ; 

\A^ tabac ; 

Ixi vin, la bi6i*e, les spiritueux; 

I>*s articles de ni<5nage ; 

l-es provisions pour les navires ; 

Ia's Iwigages |)ersonnels ; 

Lti pajMiterie ; 

Ia*8 articles de tapisserie; 

La coutellerie; 

Ix»s articles de droguerie et les medicaments etrangers ; 

Li verrerie ; 

S*ront v(?rities par la douane cliinoise k Tentrc^e et h, la sortie ; 
.***ils sont reellement de provenance etrangere et destinies i Tusage 
l»i*rs4)iinel des etrangers, et s'ils arrivent en (juantit^ moderee, uu 
<'«*rii!iiat dVxeniption des droits sem dclivr^, qui en permettra le 
libiT jKiHs;ige i\ la frontiere. 

Si cfs articles sont soustraits i\ la dt'clamtion, h la formality du 
(•<Ttiti«at dVxi'Uiption, leur intnMJuction clandestine les rendn\ pas- 
si) 'Ks il'anii'nile.s, au menie titre que les nmrchandises passees en 
C'lntri'b.uide. 

A I'c^cccption de Tor, dc Targent, de la monnaie et des bagageS 
qui n*sten>nt exempts de dn)its, les articles ci-dessus meutionn«58 
«i«>tiurs a Tusiige |K»r8onnel des Strangers et import^s en quantity 
ni'Mlv-rce, payeront, lor84[u*il8 senuit transiK>rtes II TinUirieur de la 
(bine, un tlroit de transit, du 2 1/2 ad mlorcm. 

L's dnuanes franco-annaniiles de la frontiere ne perccvront, k 
IVntR-e CDnnue k la S(»rtio du Tonkin, aucun di-oit soil sur las objets 
suivants tl'usiv4c i>ersonnel que le.s Cbinois tran«^ix»iteraient avt*c 
eux : luonnuie, bagai^es. veteinents, ornenient.s de coiffures de 
feMime, papiers, pinceaux, enore de Chine, livres, mobiliers et 
aliments; wjit sur les pro<iuits que les Consuls de Chine, au 
Tonkin, feraient venir pour leur cons^immation personnelle. 

19^ 



ApHl. 25. ia8r. ] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 32. 



AUTICLK XIV. 

TniJisjn*rt of Opium prtthibit'd. 

Akt. 14. I>'s Iliiiitrs Tartifis mutrariantrs Cfinvionneiit, il'in- 
tt*riliit? 1(* roiiiint-nv I't U* tr.ins|N»rt <lf rupiuiii tk* toiiU* {iriivriiHiice 
|iar la froiititix^ «!«* ti'ire eiitrc li* Tonkin, d'une |»a]t» el le Yunnan, 
le Kouangsi t*t It* Kouang-Tong, d'autre |kart. 

ai:ti('LE XV. 

Ej'i^'rt nf Ilirf ttmf f'trrnls/n^m Chin4i pruhihitird ; Imjynrt of nnme 
Fi'»'». InijUfH iiitti ihinti of cirt*i\n sjnriji*tl articUn pn»)iiint»d, 
Jmjiiiit nj Anns, i{'*\,j4,r ( hho.^ AtUhuritu;i Jrrt, Inirotiuitum 
iutit Tttnlrin *>/ Arws^ iVr, yrnA i //!/#*/. 

Ai:r. ir». LV\]H»rtalinii du riz t»t «lfs ren'nle» .vra inN*nliU* on 
(Miiiir. I/ini|N»rtatiou dc 0'8 artirIi\H 8*y ftTu en frunciiiM? de 
dn»iis. II MTa int«*nlii d'ini|MjrtiT vu Chine: 

]^-i |Miuiln* a canon ; 

I^*s |iri»j*rtilfs : 

1a*s iu'-ils ft canons ; 

I^* s;di'ftn* : 

1>» S4mt'if , 

\a* ploinh; 

Iji' s|»eltrr ; 

I^L'S arni«*8 ; 

1a* sid ; 

\a^ |>uldi«*ations ininioralc!*. 

Kn cas de contniveniinn. tv* artirl«\s soront int«';^Ienmit ron- 
fi8<|ur<. Si K\*» aul< ril*'s cliinois4*s fnisiifnt aclii*l«*r dt-M arnies ou 
des niuiiil:<'ns. ^ax f»i dt-s nt ;:<•<.• lan Is ivtrvaifnl rantoriH^itii^i i*x- 
j»n'S.i«' tlVn nrhri*-r, rinij->ilaii< n *'\\ MTail j»frnii«^-* »*on.* la Mir- 
\cill.in<'«* ^iHM'iale de ia d«'U.in«* t hiiii»i^«*. Ia'S aitioriu'f* chinoi>4*8 
jKinn»»nt. en oum*. ni-ivs inu-nie avec \vs Consult) de Fnince, 
(df'i-nir |Niur les amies et niunitions, iiu*elle:s voudmient fairo 
trans|((»ri<'r t'U diine a tnvers le Tonkin, i exemption de tout droit 
Si la dniiaut* franciMUinaniile, 

I/iiitpMluotiitn an T'*nkin d'annc.^. de nninitiuiis de guerre, de 
jmlJi^atious imniurales e^t i^'alenient interdile. 

AKTICLE XVI. 
Chiu'fff rrtiifitiff in Aiiniftn /<• fnji>y Mt-st-Farmtrfd Xatitm trfoU- 

Ai:T. IC. Lfs (.1un«.is n"»id.int tii Annani M*nint.fM>u9 le rapport 
de la jundirtion en niatirrvcrnuinflh*. ri-K-alt* ou autre. platv*« ilana 
li !* nninf> condition"* •ju«* If* ^ujfi.'» dt- la nati'in Li j.lu;* ta\MriM^ 
\a'!* pDNi-^ tjui ii'*li'v«*n'iit « II < liuif d.m^ l»'^ :.iari \,k-:* •iuvi*rt.'« •!«• la 
fn«iiti« re entre le> >uji t-i * hin«'> et le« Kt.in<.ain ou AnnjniitcJ. 
iKiiUit rvgleSp eu cuui luLite, p.ir dc;i luu<:UuiiUair«ai cluuuiD et 

2i>U 



Mo. 32.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [April 26, 1886. 

[Oomm«re«, Ac] 

fmiit^tiis. Pour los crimes ou d^lits que les FraiwjAis ou prot(?g6i 
frani^ais commettniient en Chine dans les localitis ouvertes au com- 
merce, il sera proe('di5 conformemeut aux stipulations des articles 38, 
39 du traiUi du 27 juin, 1858. 

ARTICLE XVII. 
Mutual Svrreyuler of Criminals and Deserters, 

Art. 17. Si, dans les localites ouvertes au commerce k la fron- 
tiore de Chine, des Chinois desertcurs ou prevenus de rnuies 
f|uulities tels par la loi chiuoise se ret'u<{ieut dans le^ maisuns, uu a 
bord de barques appartenant i des Fran(;ais ou k des piutogrs 
fran(;ais, Tautoriti? locale s'adressera au Consul qui, sur la preuve 
de hi cul}>abilit^ des prcvenu.s, prendra imnicdiateuient les uiesurcs 
nccrssaires pour qu'ils soient remis et livr^s k Taction legulicre des 
lois. 

Les Chinois coupables ou inculpes de crimes ou d(ilits qui cher- 
cheraient un refuge en Annam seront, k la it^iuete des autorites 
chinoises, et sur la preuve de leur culj)abilili5, recherchcs, arreles 
et extradt5s dans tons les cas ou pourraient etre extrades de Fmnce 
les sujets du piiys jouissant du traitement le plus large en matiere 
dexlradition. Les Fran^ais et proteges lran(;ais coupables ou 
incul|H.*s de crimes ou de delits, qui chercheraient un refuge en 
Chine, seront, k la requete des autoriti5s fmn<;aises et sur la preuve 
dc leur culpabilite, arretes et remis auxdites autorites j)Our etre 
li\ ns a Taction rt^gulicre des lois ; de part et d'autre on <Svitera 
Hvec soiu tout recel et toute connivence. 

ARTICLE XVIII. 

Pntri,^iim for dealinf^ tcith difficulties not foreseen in the preceding 
Articles. T/u Stipulatiotis may be revised ten years after 
ejLvhaivje of JiatijicaiioJis, 

AuT. 18. Pour toute difficuUe non ]»n?vue par les dispositions 
juVMt'»U*ntes, on recourra aux re^l«*ments de la douane marilime qui, 
(nnfornii'ment aux traites existunts, sont actuellement appliques 
d:ins les villes et dans les ports ouverts. 

I>an8 le cas oii ces r^glements seraient insuftisants, les agents 
des dmix jwys en rdfereraient k leurs gouvemements respectifs. 

Ia's i>resente8 stipulations pourront etre, aux termes de Tarticle 
8 du traite du 9 juin, 1885 (No. 31), re\isees dix ans apres 
Tt'vhange des ratifications. 

ARTICLE XIX. 

Exchange of Ratifieatxims, and Promulgation of Convention. 

Art. 19. Ia pn^sente convention de commerce, aprt^s avoir <Sti5 
ratitiiV |>ar les deux gouvemements, sera promulguee en France, eu 
Chiuo et an Annam. 

201 



Junu 26. 1HS7.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 39. 

[Conu&«ro«« 4te.} 

LV('liaii<;(' <lc*s mtiticatidfis aura lieu h Pt'kin dans le tlt*iai (I'un 
an u con)]»t<*r du jour du la si^^nuture de lu convifution, ou |»lus tot 
HI fain* se jHMit. 

Fait a Tit-n-T-^in, I'U quatn* <'Xfm|dain»H, Ir 2." avril. l^S^i (ror- 
re.s{M)ndaut au 22* jour lit* la lune dv la 12* ann«'e Kouan^'-Sin). 

(LS.J a. (•tM;()i:i)AX. 

KI). lUU'WAEKT 
Sujnaturt et cachet ckirum (LMIOXG-TCHANlJ). 



(No. 33.) CnXVEXTinS AimiTI(L\XELLE de dmimrrct 
entrc In France ft la ("ninr. S *jnfe a Pckin U iij juin, 18H7. 

Lk Prt^sident df la |{t-|iuMi4Ui» Fmnrai««» el Sa Majt»ste TKnipe- 
reur de Cliine, dr-^ireiix d«* favnri'*«»r le develoi»|K?inent dt»« ndations 
et»iniuen'iales entre len tiiMix l»ayH et d*iL«i.stin*r la U>nne exiN'ution 
du tniite «le c^onnnene si^iie a Tieiib«in le 2'» avril, 1HH<> (No. 82), 
out dt'ridt' de rnnclun* uue n>nventi(»n additionnelle m«Kiifiant 
«|Uelijues-uTu»s d»*s di"^|Misiiion*» <out«'nut»i< tlans le tlil arte. 

A eel vlW't Irs tit-nx II.titt<'s Parties efintractantes out nomrn^ 
|M»ur leurs jjli'-fiijMiii-iitiairi -i nsiHttifH. .savnir: 

Ia' rie>i«Itut d»- l:i IN'puM;«|U«» frunrai.M*, 

Mt»nsiiur Krnest ('oiisiai»s. depnt*', ancien Ministre de Tln- 
terieur et lies Cultes, toniinissiiire tlu (Jouvenienient, Envu}"^ ex- 
tmoidinaiie dt* la hV|»uMit|ue franrai.se en Chine; 

Et Sa Maje>te rKni|»ereur de Chine, 

Son AltevH» le pnnoe K'inj;. i^rince du second rnnjj, pr(!*sidcnt 
du T>4»un;:-li Vanu'ii, 

A.^^'iiNtf <le 

Sou Kxirlh'iire S«»ucn-Yu-Oinii, nu'inhre du Tsoung-li Yanien, 
premier \irf-|.n'>idriit th» Mmi'^trre iU'> Tiavanx publics ; 

I^MjUrls, apii-s sV-de c ( nmiUiiiip «'• leurs plein** |«ouvoirH. «ju'ilj| 
c»nt lec onnu en Umue et due foniie, Mint eunvenus des articles sui- 
vants : 

AKTICLE I. 

Cc^ffin Clavus r/ Tr^**!^^ uf 2hth April, 1886, to he modifird. 

Akt, l". Im traitr ^^i-iif a Tientsin le 2."! avril, lH8r* (No. 82), 
som. iniru«'di:it«*tnent apri-s I /i liai)<,:i* «lts nititications, hdelenient 
mis a «'X«'rutioii tl.ms t««ut«'s rr-^ tl.iu-i.-*. Ktuf. hifU entendu* cellos 
que la pn'siTite cuuvcntion a |Miur hut tie ni«idiher. 

APTK'I.K II. 

Lon^'Tchcnu, M'tnff'T.vu, and Sfankan fn /• ttptwd to Cummerct, 

Ajfj*'intn'f."( of' F)*n*h f** ttsh! at Mnuhatt. 

Art. 2. En ex«'inili«»n de Tartieh* pr»*ini«'r du trail** du 'I't avril, 
lS8r»(No.32). ileslcon\eiiu eiitie kn Ilautes Parties contracUotes 

202 



Mo. 33.] CH!VA AND FRVN'CE. [June 2«, 1887, 

[Oommero«, Ao,] 

que laville <le Lonj-Tcheou an Kouau^-Si,etcelle de Mong-Tsen au 
Yunnan sontouvertasau coinnierco franco-annamite ; ilest entendu, 
en outre, que Manhw, i\\\\ He trouve sur la route tluviale de Iao- 
Kai ii Mong-Tseu, est ouvert au coauneree couinie Lon<^-Tcheou et 
Monj^-Tseu, et que le j^ouverncMiient franrais aura Ic droit d'y en- 
trt»tenir uu agent relevant du consul de cette deruifcre ville. 

AUTK'LE III. 
Import and EA'port Duties. 

Art. 3. En vue de developper le plus mpidement possible le 
commerce entre la Cliiiie et le Tonkin, les droits d'importation fit 
d*ex|H)rtation stipules dans les articles G et 7 du trait(5 du 25 avril, 
188G (No. 82), sont provisoirenient mo<lities ainsi (ju'il suit: 

Les marchandises etran^'eres importees en (>liine par les villes 
ouvertes auront s\ acquitter le dn>it du ttirif general de la douane 
maritime diminue des trois <lixi6ni(*s. 

Ix?s marchandises chi noises exportee^ au Tonkin paieront le 
droit d'exportation du dit tarif gi^neral diminu^ des quatre 
dixii^mes. 

AKTK'LE IV. 

Er}xtrt Duties on Chinr^v Ginyrfs, in transit thronjh Tonkin^ on 

le^tntu/ a Port of A nnam. 

Art. 4. I>es protluits d'ori^^ine cbinoise qui auront acquitt^ les 
droits d'inn)ortati<»n, confnrnieihent au § 1" tie I'article 11 du tniit^ 
du 25 avril, ISSij (No. 32). el 84»nnit transiM)rtts}\ travrrsle Tonkin 
vers un |K)rt annaniite p<»urn>nt etre souniis, a la sortie de ce |>ort, 
s'ils sont a destination d'un autre [mys (jue le Chine, au droit d*ex- 
j>ortation fixe jMir le tarif des douanes franco-annaniites. 

ARTICLE V. 
Chiufs** Opium for Tonkin, Li- Kin and othrr DutifS, 

Art. Ti. I>e pouvemonient chinois aut4»rise I'exportation de 
I'opiuiu iiidi;^»Mie au Ttmkin par la fronlii''re de terre nioyennant un 
dn»it dexjxirtation de 20 Uuls par picul ou 100 livres chinoises. 
I/*s Franrais ou proti'»<;es fraiH;ais ne |>ourront achetcr Topium 
qu'a I>t»n^-Tchet»u, M<»ng-Ts<»u et Manhao. liCS drtnts de iikin et 
de luirrit'ivs quo les commertjants indigenes auront k jmyer sur ce 
pnxiuit ne tli^pjisseroiit |»as 20 taels jmr picul. 

I^'s cnnimen^ants chinois qui auront apporte I'opium de Tint^J- 
rieur n'niettront k Tarheteur, en memo temps (jue la marchandise, 
Ks n*^us ctinstatant que le Iikin a (^XA intogralenient accpiitte, et 
I'achetrur prvsontera ces n\U8 a la douane, (|ui les annulera au 
mouHMit oil il eilectuera le paiement du droit trexi)ortation. 

11 est entendu que cet opium, dans le cas «»u il rentrerait en 
(,'hine, 8<iit i>ar la frontiere do terre, .soit par un des |x»rta 
ou verts, ne pourra etre aasimile aux pnxluits dorigine cbiuoiM 
n^imp<jrt<Ss. 

203 



Junfl 36. 1887.] CHINA AND FKANCE. [Mo. 33. 

[Coinm«ro#, Ac] 

AKTirLK VI. 

RighU of Nifrijntinn of fWnrh and Anna mite fOiipn^ with the 
fjcr*'j>tion if V€J<i^'U if M'ar, Tran^jHtrtA, ijr. Tunnwje 1>U€M» 

AicT. G. Ix*s l»;it(Niiix fniiiv-iis et animiiiit€8, k rexception ties bftti- 
inent-i \\\* \i\wTn' i*t «lfs iiaviifs etu]»Io\v8 iiu tninJ«iK>rt <lc tnm|K»a, 
4r;inih*s oil <U» inuiiitinti.<9 de ;:ui*rri\ |K»um)iit cimiler de Ijkn|{-Sm 
u Cao-Ilaii;;. ft n'-oipriMjufiin'iit, en im^^int (mr lea ri\itTi»8 (S<m^- 
Ki-Kon^ et rivii'n* «le (*;n»-r»iin;4^ (pii relient Lang-iSoii u I>in;^- 
TclitMui I't Ii«»ii;^'i\lie«»ii a ( *,i«»-r»aii^. 

II sera pn'levi' stir r«-s lMt«Mux. |H>ur elui<ine parrouni, «n droit 
(kf tf»niia^e de r» H de tad par tonneati, iiiais le.s mAn^iuindi.seA 
cuiiiposiint le elmp^^Mn<«iit iraunnit a aeipiitter aurtin droit. 

I>*s iiiar«'IiatidiM*s a ile>tiiiatioii tit* diiiit* |Miurnint etre triiis- 
porl**eH |mr les rivirri'S tloni il est f|iie>ti<»ii tlaiin le § 1" du pH'seiit 
article, aiHsi Men ipn* jwir Ifs niut«vs tie tem». et notannnent i>iir la 
rout4» niandarinale «iui conduit tie Ijini'-Son u I>in«;-TclnNm ; nnii.**, 
ju-«([u'au ymr on It* <^ouvernt*ni«*nt eliintiis auni etaMi un pvtte tie 
doiiune a la fnmtitTe. Ie.s n)arehan<iisi*s «(ui piiM»M»ri»nt |Mir cvfK MuteH 
tlf tern* ne (Miurrunt tLare ventlucH f{u'apn*s avoir aet^iiitte le8 dniit.'i 
a b»ng-Tchcou. 

AKTICLE VII. 

Art. 7. II e.M entendti epic la Fnince joiiira dt» plein droit, ot 
8ans fjii'il ftoit liestiin de nt'^^ticiationH pn*alabi«*s tie tou8 !(« privi« 
\v\lv^ «*t imnniniles, tli* t|tiel<|ue natun* tpriln soient, et de toiiA leu 
uvantai^es 4*ontinfn*iaux <{ui |Miiirrait*nt t**tn* at*etiii|t'-ii danft la siiito 
a la nation li plus favori^i'c par d<*H trait«''s i»ii timventionH ayant 
jMMir oiijft le n';;l»-nit'nt df-. rap|M»rt«* |M»liti<|u«**< tm eonini«*ri-ianx 
entn* la Chine et le;) p-^^'^ ^itiU'.** au sad et au suil-^tuest de I'dnpire 
chinitin. 

ARTKI.K VIIL 

jS i*rn ntiirt **f Ctm i v n t it>n . 

Am. R. Ayant nrr»'tt^ d'un rminntin at-tord le^ di*«|>oflitinnA rj- 
de<»*u<. lo< plrni|»«>t«'nii tir«^ out opp .^i- It-ui xii^nature et L-ur 
8r»'au >ur •1<mi\ fXi-niplaiP-^ tin t«-xt«* fiani-.tiH ilc la pn'sente <'t»n- 
viMitiitn. ain^i <pi<' ^\\r la tra<lui*ti>in cIiiik i>i* ipii ao-4'niiia;:ne cluicuu 
de Oft «.x«ni plain.-?*. 

ai:ti< IK IX. 



l'.*.'/i .\>' ' 1 ^-^'l 



.\|JT *•. I.i*s Hiiptil.iTit»ri* di' 1 . jr* *'Vt • < '♦•nvrnti«»n additi«nin«'llff 
!»t»ri«!:* ini*»» •* «n \*j«ittir i'mt: up- *•! tll«-» »*a:i nt in-t !'•«••• dan** It? 
V \X*' ni»*riie tin trut*' du ..*• avni. \><y<h <No. 32 ». a parlir du jour 
d»' r»'han;.'H «lf« ratith «itionj» di-> ii'^ traiie el riin\fnlion. 

•J114 



110.88.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [JiM », 1887. 

[Bofuidaxy. C&dna aad Tonkin.] 



ARTICLE X. 
Ratifications to he Exchanged, 

Art. 10. La pn5sente convention sera ratifide dis k present par 
Sa Maje8t4^ TEmpereur de Cliine, et. d^s quelle aura ili ratifiee jwir 
le Pr&ident de la Kepublique franqaise, l*(^cbange des ratiiicatious 
aura lieu & Pdkin. 

Fait i IMkin, le vinj^t-six juin mil huit cent quatre-vinj»t-8ept 
(LS.) CONSTAXS. (LS.) PKIXX'E K'lNG. 



Delimitation lU la Frontiire entre la Chine et le Tonkin^ 

Lks conimissaires nomin<5s par le President de la Kepuhlicpie 
frant^aise et par S. M. rEni[)ereur de Chine, en exiScution de 
Particle 3 du traite du 9 juin, 1885 (No. 31), pour reconnaitre la 
frontiire entre la Chine et le Tonkin ayant tennine leurs travaux ; 

M. Ernest Constans, depute, ancien Xlinistre de Tlnterieur et 
des Cultes. coiuuiissaire du (louvernenieut, envoye extraordinaire 
de hi Kepuhlicjue frant^aise, d'une j)art ; 

Et S. A. le prince Kin*;, prince du second rang, president du 
Tsount^-li Yamen, assist^ de S. Exc. Souen-Yu Quen, niembre du 
Tsoun^^-li Yamen, premier vice-pn5sident du ministere des travaux 
puhhcs ; 

A^^issant an noni le h'urs Gouvernements resj^ectifs ; 

Out tltk^ide de consigner dans le pn'sent acte les dispositions 
suivantes destinees k regler definitivement la delimitation de ladite 
(n»nliOre : 

1°. Iajs pn)o^8-verbaux et les cartes y annexees qui ont euS 
dn»s8o8 et signtfe par les commissaires franc^ais et chiuois sont et 
diMueurent approuves ; 

2". l^'s |>«»intH sur lescpufls Taccord n'avait pu se faire entre les 
deux (•ummissi»ms, et les rectifications visees \mx le deuxi^me pam- 
^Taphi* de I'article 3 du traite du 9 juin, 1885 (No. 31), sont 
n%'i<'-s ainsi <iu*il suit : 

Au Kouanjx-Tong. il est entendu que les points contestes qui 
sont situts a Test et au nord-ouest de Monkai, au deli de la 
fn)ntiere telle (ju'elle a ^te fixde par la commission de delimitation, 
iM»nt attribute h la Chine. Les Ilea qui sont hi Test du meiidien de 
Paris 105^43, de longitude est, c'est'-i-dire de la ligne nord-sud 
jNiHSjint par la pointe orientate de Pile de Teh a Kou ou Ouan-chau 
( IVa-cn) et fonnant la fronlifcre sont egalement attribut^ei i la 
(liine Ix?s ties Gotho et les autres ties qui sont i Touest de ce 
nieritlien apfuirtiennent k TAnnam. 

l/»8 ChiiHiis coupablesou incul[>es de crimci* ou di'lits, qui cher- 
< h^'Hiient un n»fuge dans ces lies, senint, conformement aux stipu- 
lations de Tarticle 17 <lu traite du 25 avril, ISHG (No. 32), re- 
rherchi's, anvtes et extrades |«ir lei» autorites fraiK^aises. 

2^}o 



Jun# 2«, 1»S7.] rmSA AND FRANrE. [Mo. 39. 

[ BonnilTjr. China and Tonkin. ] 

Sur la frontit-re ilii Yun-nati, il i\st enteiiJu ({ue la ddniarcAtion 
suivni K» tni'V snivaiil : 

I)«* Kfou-i<*MU-trlMi < '.iii-«l:ii».tr.ii) sur hi rivo piuohe tin Siao- 
t<»u-l«'lieou-lio (Ti«ii-tl<H<*hii-li.i . |»i»iiit M •!«• l;i cart** do la dtMixioiiK* 
strrinii, fllf <<• dirii:t» |)riniant ciiniuaiito lis o'J"-'^ kiloiiu*tn*s) 
<iinM'tf!n«Mil d«» TuiH^t nit-^ ri^-^t ni lais^int a la (*liin«» les nnlrnils 
de 'I\tii-kiaii,:-<*lii» mu T-iii-v •Im Tu-n^liia-xa). Tsui-infi-cho (Tu- 
iiii-xa), Kianii-tViH-!n» oii V-|'»i-ih«» Ni:liia-ti-xa), t\n\ sunt au nonl 
<le rt'lttt li;^'n«', «*t a rAiiiiat!! rtdiii »lt' Vn»u-|»'on;»-rho (llii-lmn^*- 
xa) (jui tMi t->i au >!i.l. ji;. iti'aux i^iiiits iiianiut'.s I* t*t Q sur la 
cart** auiH*x»*'«» ou rlli- ••oiijm* lis dfiix l»raiiclH''i dii sor^Mid attluciit 
de tlrniti* dii II«i-Ii«m II-i'-lii mu 'rnu-t**l!«Miu-||i» I)<H-<'hu-lia). A 
]»artir dii j»'»iiil (^. «dlr s'intl.'-rliir vi-r" !«• Mi«i-«'sl dViivin^n If* lis 
(6 kiloiiirtn's juHiiu'au jMiim K. lai^saiit a la Cisinr I** tt-rritoin* tU* 
Nan-tan (Nani-don) an n«>rd do ro |M»int H ; pui^'. a partir do ot* dii 
[xiint, n*ni»»'it4* v«-rs lo nt»nl-osi jus<|u'au jH>int S, on suivant la 
dinM-tii>n lra«'«*o sur la carlo par la li;;n»* IJ-S. lo ronrs du Xan- 
t«»n;j-li»i (Naui-dani;-ha) ot U*^ torritoin*s do )[an-inoi (Man-niij, 
<!«• Mrn;:-ton;»-<'hanir-t'*'oun < Muan^HlonL:-tr«MUJi»-tliMii), tie M<inn- 
t'Min^-chan (MuMn;:-iinnv:-'<Mii), df Mfut; t'Minu-tclioanu-ts'oun 
(Muon;;H|oni^-tiuon^'-lh«»n), i-t do Mon;:-l*njn;:-« hia-lVou (Mui»n;4- 
don;!-lta-tht)n) n*.stant a I'Annani. 

A partir du point S ( M»-ni:-toun!;-<*liia-t.-^*oun ou Munji-donj- 
ha-th<»n), lo niilit-u du lV*in:^-< iinufi-hi> (Than thuy ha infliipio 
jusipia 8<»n contluoiit, on T, uvim* la rivii-ro rlain*, la fniniinc 

adopN't*. 

l>u jHiint T. son trao/* ost nianpio jmr lo niiliru do la rivii-;e 
Claire jU'^'iu'au |»oint X, a haut«*ur do IVh'ouan-toiiu (Thuycn 
dan). 

I Ki jHiint X, olio r»-iii'«nt«' v»-r«* 1»* nnrl iu-i^iu'aii point Y, on 
]>;LS<«;iiit par I\ii«hi'-yai ( !*» i- li-t);.i' li-:::.i: ) 'l l-i"-.ii k'ali < l-Jio-hai- 
kan). la ni«»iti»- dr ohin uii •li- •#• «< d» .i\ tiidp»it'» .j-part'-nanl a la 
< 'hint* *'t a lAnn:nn . r»- 'jut «"*l a l'«"«t apparti*-nt a I'Annani. ce 
ipii r-^t a I'ouost. a la rhno-. 

A partir du jniint Y.tdlo lonu'»*. dan** la dir»vtit»n du nord, la rive 
dn>it»- du jK-lit atHu«-nt •!•• lmh* !i»* d** la rivi«r»* rlairo ipii la n'V'it 
«*ntn» rit-n-pao-kia (l^ifn-!t.f-k!i.i» K r«*i-|-i«» ( Ilao-hao) ot pi^ne 
• nsuit*' Ka«»-nia |»,ii (< '.i,,.ni i ^.i- hj. p'int /. ««u ••llo se racoorde 
.ivo*- !♦• trai-' •!•• l,i tp'!-;. .i- -. r -m. 

A ]';Mtir «!»• I^«n;^'-p'»-l« Il •. I • »ij'i«:i« !ii»' 5'-tion». l.t fnnitii-n* oorn- 
luuio' du Vitunaii ol «i«* rA:ii.i'i. ;• u:.'!i:»' !•• rmir- du I>in;!-j«»-hi> 
j!i-^p''a <'»n riint!u»*nt *i\»"- '•• T- ;!:_'• 'I'-U'-i-hM, njir«ju«* A ^ur la 
' art* . d'l |- rt A ••l!«' ^uir 1 1 •!;•« t; .:i _•• f..r.il*' *\n n*»id-f«»l au *»ud- 
'iU'-*t ju**']!! ..:i jNiin* injj'.r* ['»-*.: I i «..:*" ♦•n.ii'»i! nu I4' S.ii-ki.mi^- 
lio ff "1^ I*- Mi»'nM.ii««i»i •• :.tTj . i .r- • •• j .11 •Hir^. la fr'tniit-ro laiv«6 
a la < 'i»ii!** 1 urs «iu T^ in,' - Ip- . !. > 

1 »u |-':rj; r». la fron*.;i r** a 1 1 'iir ■< ti-n • -! '.u*-? JMs«|u'au i»*»int (j 
<iu «']!♦• r«ii« iitn* !•• Tfiu'-*i««" *• I.mi:.: -i"- •i»'<^"".'< Of Ta-« h.»u-i«*hi«K 
Ci* ipii o**' au «iU't d" i»tio li/ne appart;» :il a lAnnani. re 4UI o«t 
au nord. a la <.'hit.e. 

2<>6 



No. 34.] CHINA AND FttANCE. [D«c. 1, 1BS8. 

[Talerraph Lin«s.] 

Dii point C, elle redescend vers le sud en suivant le milieu de 
la liviOre Tcn^-tiao-Tcliiang ju8<iua sun conlluent au point D avec 
le Tsin-tse-lio. 

Elle suit ensuite le Tsin-tse-ho pendant environ 30 lis et con- 
tinue dans la direction est-otiost Jus([u'au point I ) oii elle rencontre 
le \niiit ruisseau qui so jette dans la riviere Noire (Hei-tcianj:; ou 
Hae-;^ian«;) k Test du Imc de XItMi«^-pang. Le milieu de ce ruisseau 
sert de frontiere du point K au point F. 

A partir du point F, le milieu de la rivifre Noire sert de fron- 
ti6re k I'ouest 

Les autorites locales clii noises et les agents dc^signds par le 
n^sident general de la I^*puhli([ue francaiseen Annam et au Tonkin 
Roront charp^'c's de procoder i\ rabornenient, conforniement aux cartes 
dn»sst*es et signc^es par la commission de delimitation et au trac^ 
ci-dessus. 

Au pn^sont acte sont annoxees trois cartes en deux exemplairea, 
sij^it'es et scclU'es par les deux parties. 8ur cos caites, la nouvelle 
froiitic-re est tmc('»e par un tmit rouge et indi«pu5e snr k*s cartes du 
Yunnan par les lettres de I'alphabet franc^uiis et les caractires cy cli- 
ques chinois. 

Fait k IVkin, en double expedition, le 26 juin, 1887. 

rONSTANS. 
{Cachet de la h^fjution de France d Pfkin!) 
(Sif/nature et cachet du plenipoteiitiaire chinois,) 



(No. 34.) CONVENTION hctmni China and France for the 
(dnblishmeni of Telegraph Lines. Fait a Tchrfou le 1 Decern- 
hrc, 1888.* 

Lk Clouvernemeut de la IJi'publique fran9aise et le Gouvernement 
de I'Kmpire chinois, dt'sireux de faciliter la transmission des cor- 
n'spondunces Ic-legraphitiues internalionales, ont n'solu de conclure 
u lie Convention ayant jiour objet le raccortiement des lignes teld- 
^i.iphi«|ues du Tonkin avec les lign<\s tt'K'graphiques cliinoises, et 
out. in conscijuence, nommt* pour negocier et signer ladile Couveu- 
lion deS commissaires nuuiis ile pouvoirs sinViaux, savoir: 

[Here follow the names of the Companies.] 

Lesquels, apres s etre communique leurs pleins pouvoirs qui ont 
eti' rtH:ounus eu bonne et due forme, sont conveuus des stipulations 
auivanles : 



* JounuU OiBciel de U R^publiqne Fnnfaite du 15 Mai, 1890. 

207 y 



Dec. 1, 1888.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 34, 

[Teleeraph Lines.] 

AETICLE PREMIER 

Les lignes tel^grapliiques francjaises et les ligncs telegraphiques 
chinoises seroiit reli(5es k la fronti6re du Tonkin et de la Chim;, 
dans le but de transmettre de la inauifere ci-ai)r^s inditiuce les cor- 
respondances intemationales. 



ARTICLE II. 

Les i-accordements seront etablis : 

A. Entre la station fran9ais de Dongdang, au Tonkin, et la 
station chinoise de Tcheun-Nan-Kouan, dans la province de 
Kouang-si. 

B. Entre la station franQais de Monkai, au Tonkin, et la station 
ehinoise de Tong-hing, dans la province de Kuaug-tong. 

C. Entre la station francjaise de Laokai, au Tonkin, et la station 
chinoise de Mongtze, dans la province du Yun-nan. 

Aussitot apr^s que la pr<5sente Convention aura re^u Tapproba- 
tion du Gouvernement chinois, il sera precede au raccordement 
entre Dongdang et Tcheun-Nan-Kouan. 

Les raccordements entre Monkai et Tong-hing, d*une part, et 
Laokai et Mongtze, d'autre part, seront 6tablLs dans le d^lai de dix- 
huit mois, apr^s que ladite approbation aura 4t& donn^e. 



ARTICLE TIL 

L'ad ministration des teldgraphes francjais et Tadministration des 
t^legraphes chinois ^tabliront, mainliendront en bon ^tat et desser- 
viront les lignes de raccordement. Chacune des parties contiac- 
tantes prendra k sa cliarge la part des depenses qui seront faites 
pour ces diffi^rents objets sur son propre territoire et veillera k ce 
que les limites de chaque territoire soient scrupuleusement res- 
pect^es. 

Les stations mentionndes a TArticle precedent devront assurer 
la transmission des tdldgrammes en se servant des fils directs des 
lignes de raccordement. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Les prescriptions stipuldes pour le regime extra-europ^n dans 
le riglement de service de la Convention tdldgraphique interna- 
tionale* seront observees en ce qui concerne le traitement technique 
des t^legrammes transmis par les lignes ierrestres de raccordement. 
Toutefois, pour le compte des mots des teldgrammes ^changds par 
les lignes terrestres de raccordement entre la Chine d*une part, 

* II s'agifc de la Conrention t^l^gr&phique inteniationale signeo k Saint- Peters- 
bourg le 22 JuUIet, 1875 (S. P. Vol. 66. Page 19) et du R^glement du service 
■ign^ k Berlin le 17 Septembre, 1885 (S. P. Vol. 76. Page 597). 

208 



No. 34.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [Doc. 1, 1888. 

[Tele^aph Xiizies.] 

et cVaiitre part le Tonkin, TAnnam, la Cochinchine et le Cambodge, 
on appliqiiera les regies dii rdgirae eiiropeen stipulces dans le r^g- 
lement de service de la Convention t^l(5giapliique internationale. 

AETICLE V. 

Chacnne des Parties contractantes fixe les taxes a percevoir 
pour la transmission des coirespondances par ses lignes respectives, 
jusqu k la frontifere de son tenitoire. Toutefois, il est entendu 
que, pendant toute la dur^e de la prdsente Convention, les taxes 
fix^es dans TArticle VI ne pourront etre augment(5es et que, pen- 
dant le meme p^riode, chacune des Parties contractantos aura la 
faculty de r^duire ses propres taxes, si elle le juge convenable. 

AETICLE VI. 

Les taxes k percevoir par mot pour les correspondances dehangdes 
par les lignes de raccordement mentionn^es k TArticle II sont 
fix^es ainsi qu*il suit : 

Taxes peiQues par Tadministration des t^^grapbes frangais 

A. — Taxes termtnales. 

Pour toutes les correBpondauces ^chang^es par les yoies terrestres de la fron- 
ti^re chinoise avec : 

fr. 0. 

1**. Le Tonkin .. .. ,. .. ,. .. .. ,. 16 

2°. L'Aimam 30 

8*^. La Cochinchine et le Cambodge . . . . . . • . • • 45 

B. — Taxes de transit, 

m 

Pour toutes les oorrespondanoes ^hang^es entre la fronti^re chinoises et : 

fr. c. 
I*. Les antres fronti^res par la yoie terrestre . • . . • . 60 
2". Les cables alterrissant k : 

a. HaYphong 20 

b. Hue 30 

e, SaTgon 50 

Taxes per^ues par Tadministration des t^l^graphes chinois : 

A. — Taxes terminales, 

V, Pour les correspondances ^chang^es par la fronti^re du Tonkin 
entre Je Tonkin, I'Annam, la Cochinchine, le Cambodge et 
Siam d'une part, et d'autre part : fr. c. 

a, Toutes les stations des provinces du Kouang-tong, du 

Kouang-si et du Tunnan . . . . . . . . . . 75 

h. Toutes les autres stations situ^s sur le Yangtze ou au sud 

du Yangtze 1 25 

e. Toutes les stations situ^es au nord du Yangtze, sauf celles 

qui le trouvent en Coree . . . • 2 25 

d. Les stations chinoises en Cor^. • . • . . . . . . 2 50 

209 P 2 



Deo. 1,1888.] CHINA AND FRANCE. [No. 34. 

[Telegraph Lines.] 

fr. c. 

2°. Pour Irs correspond an ceo ^changccs par la frontifere du Tonkin 
entre la Chine et TEurope ou les pays situes au-delii de 
rEurope .. .. .. •• •• •• •• . . 5 60 

a**. Pour les correspondances echang^es par lafronti^re du Tonkin 
entre Ids autred pays et : 

a. Tout€s les stations des provinces du Kouang-tong, du Kouang- 

si et du Yunnan .. .. .. •• •• .. 1 60 

5. Toutes les autres stations situees sur le Yangtze ou au sud 

du Yangtze .. *• .. •• •• •• •• 1 60 

c. Toutes les stations au nord du Yangtze, sauf celles qui se 

trouvent en Coree .. .. .. •• •• ,, B 25 

d. Les stations chinoises en Cor^e. . .• •• •• ,,260 



B. — Tajces de transit. 

1°. Pour les correspondances 6chang^es par la fronti^re du Tonkin 
entre I'Europe et les pays au-del^ d'une part toutes les autrei 
frontiftres de la Chine . . . . . . . • • • . . 6 50 

2". Pour toutes les correspondances ^chang^es par la fronti^re du 
Tonkin et : 

a. Hong-Kong 76 

h, Amoy, Foutch^ou et Shanghai, , , . . . . . , , 1 25 

c. Toutes les autres f ronti^res . . . . . . • • , , 2 50 



AETICLE VII. 

Une liste donnant les noras des stations fraiKjaises et chinoises, 
dont il est parl6 h, rarticle precedent, est annex(Se k la presente 
Convention. 



AETICLE VIII. 

Lorsque les exp^diteurs des telegrammes n'auront pasexpressd- 
ment indique la voie par laquelle ils d^sirent que leurs telegrammes 
soient transmis, il est eutendu qu'i tarif infdrieur toutes les coiTes- 
pondances, et a tarif 6gal la moitie au moins des correspondances, 
devront etre exp^di^es par les figties de raccordemcnt mention nees a 
TArticle II de la presente Convention. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Le compte des correspondances transmises sera arrets chaque 
jour et communique par le ttU(5graphe de station k station. 

Le rfeglement des comptes aura lieu k la fin de chaque mois. 
Le solde resultant des comptes sera payd k radministration des 
t^l^graphes francjais a Saigon, et a Tadministration des t(51(?graphes 
chinois k Shangliai, dans les dix jours qui suivront le mois auquel 
ce solde se rapporte. 

Les telegrammes ^ctangds au sujet du riglement des comptes 
seront consid^res comme t61t?grammes de service. 

Le mois sera calculi suivant le calendrier europden. 

210 



Mo. 34.] CHINA AND FUANCK, [Doc. 1, 1888. 

[Teloffimph liinea.] 

ARTICLE X. 

Lea payements seront effectut^s en piastres mezicaines au taux 
de vin«(t-8ix ceuts (2G ceaU; de piiiatres pour uu franc. 

ARTICLE XL 

Aussitot apres Tijchange des signatures, la prdsente Convention 
sera souniise ii lapprobatiun du Gouvernenient cliinuis ; elle sera 
niise k execution dis que cette approkition aura iii donnfe, et 
risiom en vig.ieur pendant quinze annees. Au deli de cette 
pi'riode elle continuera i etre obligatoire ta.nt que Tune des Partiea 
conLractantes n'aura pas annono^, six niois k I'avance, I'intention 
Suit d'y apiK)rter iles nuKlilications, suit d*en faire cesser les effets. 

Tout^'fois, il Cvst entendu (jue dans le cas ou avant I'expiration 
de la presente Convention, des nioilitications seraient apporUies 
da Its les arrangements qui lient actuellement radministration 
ell I noise aux Conipagnies Grcfit Northern et Easiern- Extension , en 
Of i{\\\ concerne les taxes terniinales et de transit pour les corrcs- 
p<nidances k destination ou provenant d'Europe et des pays au deHi, 
radininistmtion des U^legniphes franijais obtiendrait de droit pour 
le-sdites taxes toutes les reductions qui seraient t'aites a la suite de 
ces moditications. 

ARTICLE XII. 

I^ ligne de raccordenient entre la station franchise de Laokai, 
au Tonkin, et la station cliinoise de Mongtze, dans la province du 
Viin-nan, ne devant etre t^tablie cpie dans le delai de dix-huit moid, 
il c\st enti»ndu que les correspondances telegraphii[ues k destination 
ou provenant du Yun-nan auront li ac<[uitter, juscju'au moment du 
rai rordement, h*s taxes t«?rininales de 1 fr. 25 et de 1 fr. 50 par mot 
stipulces dans les paragraphes A. 1 6. et A 3 6. de I'article sixi6me 
du la presente Convention. 

Fait a Tcbrfou, en liuit exemplaires, dont quatre en langue 
fian>;aiHi* et quatre en langue chinoise, le premier tlecembre mil 
hull cent quatn»vingt-huit, corresjMindant au vingt-huitieme jour 
de la dixieme lune de la quatorzi6me annee du Kouang-Sin. 

r. KISTEUIUEBER 
CHENG-SHUEN-HUUL 



211 



Sept. 2. 1861.] CUINA AND GERMANY. [No. 35. 

[Ooznmeroe, Ac] 



(No. 35.) TREATY of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation 
hctvjeen the German Cnstoms Union and China, — Signed at 
Tientsin, 2nd September, 18G1.* 

[Ratifications ^chang^es h Shanghai, le 14 Janvier, 1863.] 

ARTICLE I. 

Peace and Friendship. Protection of Persons and Property, 
[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art I.] 

ARTICLE 11. 

Appointment of Diplomatic Agents. Prussian Agent to represent the 
other ControAiting German States. Pesidence at Peking. 

[§ 1, same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. II.] 

§ 2. L' A.gent Diplomatique accredite par Sa Majeste le Roi de 
Prusse aura le droit de reprt^senter diplomatiquement les autres 
Etats AUemands Contractants qui d'apres le present Traite n*ont 
pas le droit de se faire repr^senter pres la cour de P(5kin par un 
Agent Diplomatique Spucial. 

§ 3 Sa Majesty TEinpereur de Chine consent k ce que T Agent 
Diplomatique accr^ditd par Sa Majesty le Roi dc Prusse, ainsi que 
sa famille et les gens de sa maison, resident k demeure fixe a 
Pekin, ou s*y rendent ^ventuellement, au choix du Gouvernement 
Prussien. 

ARTICLE III. 

Privileges and Immunities of Dip>lomatic Agents. Most-favoured- 
7iatuyn Treatment. Employnuiit of Interpreters, &c., hy Pi'ussian 
Agent. Expenses to he paid hy reqiective Governments. Hire of 
HouM at Peking. 

Les Agents Diplomatiques de Prusse et de Chine jouiront 
r^ciproquement, dans le lieu de leur residence, des privileges ef 
immimites que leur accoiile le droit des gens ; leur personne, leui 
famille, leur maison et leur correspon dance seront inviolables. I^ 
ne pourront pas Stre restreints dans le choix ni dans Temploi av 
leurs employes, courriers, interprites, serviteurs, &c. 

Les dt^penses de toute espfece qu'occasionneront les missions 
dij)lomatiques seront supportcs par les Gouvernements respectifs. 

Les autorit($s Chinoises doimeront k TAgent Diplomatique de 
Prusse toutes les facility possibles pour louer un emplacement et 
uue maison convenable k la Capitale quand il devra y 6tablir sa 
residence. 

♦ S. P. Vol. 51, p. 1248. ConGrmcd by Additional Conyention of 31st March, 
1880 (No. 36) » except where modified thereby. 

212 



Mo. 35.] CHINA AND GERMANY. L^ept. 2 1861 

[Oommi«ro«, 4^o.] 

ARTICLE IV. 

ApjmfUmrrUof CoTunilsin Chifia. Most-favoured'iiaiion Treatment. 
Consuls of a Foreign Power may act in absence of Oerman 
Cunsul, 

r/\s Ktats Allemands Contractants pourront nommer en Chine 
iin (''Hisul-Cien^ral, et dans les ports et villes ouverts, oA leurs 
intrivts I'exij^eront, un Consul, V^ice- Consul ou Agenl-Consulaire 
clmr;/os de tmiter les affaires de leurs nationaux. 

('<'s Ai^enti^ seront traiti's par les AutoriuSs Chinoises avec la 
consiileration et les «5*^ards qui leur sont dus, et ils jouiront des 
nit'mes ])rivile^es et prerogatives que les Agents Consulaires de la 
nutinu la plus tavorisi'e. 

Kn cas d'ahsence de 1' Agent Consulaire Allemand les sujets des 
Et:its Alh^inands contraeUmts auront la faculto de aadresser au 
Consul d'une Puissance aniie ou, en cas d'urgence, au chef de la 
I)ouaue, (jui avisera au moyende leur assurer tous les benefices du 
present Tniitd 

AKTICLE V. 

Lantjuagc to he used in Official CorresjHmdrnce. French text of Treaty 

to be considered tlie oriyinal. 

T^»s eoniniunications officielles de I'Agent Diplomatique Prussian 
ou des Autorites Consulaires iles Etats Allemands Contraetants 
aver les Autorit<5s Chiufuses seront <5crites en Allemand. Ju8<iu*i 
disposition ulU'rieure elles seront accompagnees d'une traduction 
Cliiimise.mais il est expressi'ment entendu que, en cas dedissidence 
dans rinterpretation li donner au texte Allemand et au texte 
Chinois,les (Jouvernements Allemands prendront [)Our exact lesens 
expriint^ dans le texte Allemand. 

I)e meme les communications officielles des Aut4)rites Chinoisea 
nvec U» Ministre ou les Consuls de la Prusse et des Etats Allemands 
Contraetants semnt ^crites en Chinois, et pour elles le texte 
( liinois fera foi. II est bien entendu que les traductions ne feront 
fui en aucun cas. 

C^>uant au present Traits, il sera expedie en langue Allemande, 
Chin<»ise et Fnin<;aise, dans le but dVviter ton te discussion ult^- 
rieure et jwir la raison ipie la langue Fran<^ai8e est connue de tous 
les liiplomates de TEurope. Toutes ces exjxjditions ont le meme 
sens et la meme signification, mais le texte Fran^ais sera consider^ 
eonnne le texte original du Traite.de faeon cpie s*il y avait quelque 
]»art une interprt*Uition difl'erente du texte Allemand et du texte 
Chinois, I'expedition Francjais fera foi. 

AKTICLE VI. 

Ports open to German Subjects. Trade and Navigation. 

I>>s sujets de« EUits Allemands Contraetants i>ourront s'titablir 
avec leurs fauiillefl, circuler librement et se livrer au commerce oa 

213 



Sept. 2, ISGl] CHINA AND GERMANY. [No. 35. 

[Comzneroei Ac,"] 

k leur Industrie dans les ports et villes de Canton, Swatau (Tcheou- 
Tcheou), Amoi, Foutcheou, Ninj^jpo, Chahgliai, Tongtcheou, Tient- 
flin, Nieou-tchoang, Tchin-Kiaug, Kue-Kiang, Hankau, pres de 
Hiong-tcheou dans Tile de Hainan, et de Tai-wan et Tan-choui 
dans rile de Formose. lis pourront circuler libremeut d*un port k 
Tautre avec leurs navires et leurs marcliandises. y acheter ou louer 
des maisons, afieriner des terrains et batir des eglises, dea cimetiires 
et des hopitaux. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Trade with other Ports forbidden. Liability of Vessels arid Cargo to 

Confiscation for Contravention, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XLVIL] 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Liberty to circulate outside open Ports, Passports to Subjects travel- 
ling in the Interior, Renewal of Passports in case of Loss, Pass- 
ports not to be delivered for plaices in Rebellion, 

Les sujets des Etats AUemands Contractants pourront se 
promener dans )e voisinage des ports ouverts au commerce k une 
distance de 100 lis et pour un temps ne depassant pas 5 jours. 

Quant k ceux qui d(!'sireraient se rendre dans Tint^rieur de 
TEmpire, ils devraient etre munis de passeports d(51ivres par les 
Autorites Diplomatiques ou Consulaires et vises par les Autoriti& 
locales Chinoises. Le passeport devra etre exhib^ k touts re- 
quisition. 

Dans le cas oi les voyageurs ou commercjants des Etats AUe- 
mands Contractants auraient perdu leurs passeports, il serait 
loisible aux autorites locales de les retenir jusqu'^ ce qu'ils aient 
pu se procurer de nouveaux passeports, ou de les faire reconduire 
au Consulat le plus voisin sans les maltraiter en aucune faqon ni 
permettre quails le soieut. 

11 est bien entendu qu'on ne delivrera aucun passeport pour 
les lieux occupes par les rebelles ; on attendra pour le faire que ces 
lieux soieut enti^rement pacifies. 

ARTICLE IX. 

German Subjects free to Emp)loy their oum Interpreters, &c,, and 
hire Boats for Transpoi^t of Persans and Merchandise, Freedom 
to learn Chinese and to teach Foreign Languages, Sale and Pur- 
chase of Books free. 

Les sujets des Etats AUemands Contmctants pourront choisir 
Ubrement et it prix debattu entre les parties, des compradors, 
interpr^tes, ^crivc\ins, ouvriers, bateliers et domestiques de toutes 
les parties de la Chine, et de meine ils pourront louer des embar- 
cations pour le transport des personnes et des merchandises. Ils 

214 



Mo. 35.] CHINA AND GERMANY. [S?pt. 2, 1861. 

[Comxneroa, Ac] 

pourront ipfalement appreudre la langue ou les dialectes du pays k 
I'aide de Chinois et leur enseigner des langues ^traiigfcres. On ne 
iiiettra aucun ol)stacIe k la veiite de livres Allemauds et k Tachat 
de livres Cliiuois. 

ARTICLE X. 

Freedom of Christian Religion, 



en 



Ceux qui suivent et enseignent la religion Chr^tienne jouirout 
^.. Chine d'une pleine et entiere protection pour leurs personnes, 
leurs propri^t^d et Texercice de leur culte. 

AimCLE XL 

Employment of Pilots. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXXV.] 

ARTICLE XIL 
Custom-ITause Guards on hoard GerTnan Ships. 
[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXX VL] 

ARTICLE XIIL 

Delivery of Ship* s Papers, Manifests,^ dr., icifhin 48 hours. Penalty 
for Xuti'delivery. Permit for hreakiny bulk. Penalty for 
hreakiny bulk xcithout Permit. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Arts. XXXVII and XXXVIIL] 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Permits for loading and unloading Merchandise. Goods liabU to 

Confiscation for Contravention. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXXIX.] 

ARTICLE XV. 
Import Duties. Most-favoured-nation Treatment. 

Les sujets des Etats Allemands Contractants paieront sur toutea 
les marchandises qu'ils importeront dans les ports ouverts au 
commerce etranger ou qu'ils en exporteront, les droits qui sont 
luentioinu's dans le Tarif annexe au pr(5sent Trait6 ; mais en aucim 
cas on ne jwurra exiger d'eux d'autres droits ou des droits plus 
dievtvs que ct^ux exigc'sk present ou & lavenir des sujets de la nation 
la plus favorisce. 

* Se« D<^cUniUon, 2nd September, IST^S, recpecting Fabe M&nifaiU. Page 22S. 

215 



Rpt.2. !86l.] CHIXA AN'D OEUMANV. [No. 35. 

[Oomm«ro«, 4kc.] 

liOfl r^glemcntA comTnercinux annexes nu pn^aent TmiUS seront 
rcg.inU\s (*<>ninic ]»iirtie inti't^nuit tit* oe Tniit^ et |mr consequent 
cumiue obligutoircii jxiur les Hautes Purtiei Coutructantes. 

AKTICLE XVI. 

All valorem DufuA. AsMntrnmi in case of DUngrtement, 

[Same as (Sreat Britain. No. 6, Art XLII.] 

AKTICLE XVII. 
Ihiiy to hf }Miid on AV/ W fight, 
[Same a.s Great Britain. No. 6, Art XLIIL] 

AUTKLE XVIII. 
CouAuhir Intfrvfntinn in rase of Dimgrrement. 
[Same as CJreat Britain, No. 6, Art, XVII.] 

AiniCLE XIX. 

ReiUwtion of Oiftif on Dutnagrd Goods. 

[Same as (Inat liritain, No. 6. Art XLIV] 

AimCLE XX. 

GcTftuin Vessels not having hmkfn hulk\ and tearing trithin 48 hours, 

fott loiltle t*t J Putins. 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXX.] 

ABTirLE XXI. 

Imj^>rt Duties ditr on Ltinding, a fid Er^H^rt iHUies on Shifnneni of 
(jiMMis. IU»'» ij*ts fur lotjturi and Kjjn.»rt Duties, raiments in 
Inguis or fureign ilonry. 

[Same as IW-ium. No. 21, Art XXXI.] 

AUTK LE XXII. 

liO chef <lc la I><niane <l«*si;:nem iine on ]»lusienr^ mnivins dc 
clmii.;e (jui sk-mnt aut4»risees a nvevnir le.»* <ln»it< «iu^ i^mr le c«)m|»te 
dn Gouvernement. \a*s n<V]»i<?H'H «Ii» »••*»* mai.^^tfH «le eluiii^e !M*n»nt 
n'-imieji (i«livre-H |*jir le (iuiivi'memi-nt ChuHii.H. \a^ |<tienientA 
|M>urn»nt H*oj»«'n-r en lin;j««ls on en ni«'nimie«i /ir.iii'M-n*'*. doiit le 
ra|»|Mirt ave<' I'lir^fiil s\r»- mt.i il« it'innue, •^uiv.tnt I«-^ » ir« •ii»*ian<vfl, 
de etuumun accuid entn.* lA^'t-nt rutiHulaiif Allrm.tnd et le chef de 
la iJuuaiie. 

216 



Mo. 35.] CniNA AND GEKMANY. [Sept. 2. 1861. 

[Oomiii«ro«, 4^0.] 

ARTICLE XXIII. 

Tonnage Dues, Ex4:mpti(ms. 

[Same as Belgium, No. 21, Art. XXXII.] 

ARTICLE XXIV. 

Transit DutUs. 

lies marchandises qui auront acquitt^J dans un port Chinois 
les (Iwitfl de Douane li(juid(5s d'aprt^'s le tarif, ponrront etre trans- 
porters dans rintiTieur du pays sans avoir k subir aucune autre 
cli.ir^'o que Ic paiemeiit des droits de transit. Ces droits seront 
p« ivus suivant le taux actuuUement en vigueur et ne seront suscep- 
t '»K*.s il'aucune aui^nnentation future. 11 en sera de meme des luar- 
cliaudi-ses t ran sport ees de Tinterieur du jwiys a un port. 

Ia3S drnits de transit atVc'rents aux produits transporters de Tin- 
terieur ii un ]>ort et aux m;irchandises tninspoitees d'un port k 
rnit^'rieur |)oun*ont etre accjuittAs par un seul |«iiement. 

Si ties foneliunnaires Cliinois, contrairement i\ la teneur du pr(5- 
si'iit .Vrticle, exiijjeaient des retnl»utions illeg.des ou j)relevaient ilea 
droits plus eleves, ils seraient punis suivant les lois de la Chine. 

ARTICLE XXV. 

Dutii'Ji to lt€ Paid only on parts of Cargo landed. 

Le Ciipitaine d'un navire appartenant a un des Etats Allemands 
ContracUmts, qui si»ra entn' dans un port Chinois et qui voudra 
n'y deoharger qu'une partie de la cargaison, ne paiera les droits 
lie Douane que pour la partie d^barquee. 11 poumi transporter 
le r»\*te de lacargaison dans un autre [X)rt, Yy vendre et y acquitter 
les di*oits. 

ARTICLE XXVL 

lit -r J portal ion, Dtdy-jxiid Gmnh not to pay a second time. 

Fraudulent (roods liable to Confiscaiian. 

Dans le cas ou des ni^gociants d'un des Etats Allemands 
CmitracUnts, apn\s avoir a«quitte dans un port Cliinois les droits 
sur des marchandises importees, voudraient les reexporter, ils en 
j.[. \ irndniient le chef de la Douane, afin de faire constater par 
( flui-ci Tidentite de la marchandLse et I'integrite des colis. 

Si les manlian«lises dtaient deatinc^'es i T'tre n5exportees dans un 
autre |x)rt Chinois, le chef de la Douane remettra aux marchands 
qui ch'siremient les reex|K»rter une declaration, attestant que les 
droit.** an«Tent5 aux dites marchandises (^nt ete acquittes. 

Kn vtTtu <lo ciftte dgctlamtion, le chef de la Douane du port 
Chinois autpiel mi trans|M>rtera les tiites niarehandises delivrera un 
(N ruiis de debaniueuient en Iranchise de droits, sans en exiger de 

217 



8..pt. 2. IH61.] CHINA AND GERMANY. [llo. 35. 

[Comm^rc*, J^c.j 

taxes ni de surclmrt^es Auppk'nicntaircs. Mais si en coniparant lea 
iimrchandiAes avoc la il(-<'Iaratinn uii decouvrait de la fraude, lea 
inarchandides pas.^ces eu fniude seraicut iKi.ssiblcs de la confisca- 
tion. 

Si los ninrclinmlise^ /tait'iil do*itin(M»s a etre ri'expoiti^cs dans 
un ]M»rt hors de la Cliino. U* chef de la Hoiiaiie du jK>rt de itkixporta- 
tion tlelivrera un rertifieat, ronMHtaiit <jue le nif*^<>oiant qui 
reexport** les nirn*handi>H»s auneen'anee sur la I>ouane i*i|uivalenta 
an tiiontaiit dea dr«iit?4 ileja paves sur oes nmrcliandises. I^ dit 
coi1itic4it siTa re<;u eu paienient par la dnuane |¥iur sa valour onti^re 
conime do rar*:eiit rouiptaul t<»ute«< Irn fois qu*il s*agiia d'acquitter 
dcs droits d'iuijHjrtatiou ou d'exjxjrlation. 

AKTICLE XXVII. 

Trans-sfi ij^mrnts, 

[Similar to (Jreat Britain, No. 6, Art. XL] 

AKTICLE XXVIII. 

Statulard Wtiijhts ami Mttisurrs to U ddivfrtd at eaek CanstJaie, 

[Same as (ireai r.riiain, No. 6. Art. XXXIV.J 

ARTICLE XXIX. 

All Conjiscatu'tis to UUmg to Chinese Gorrmmf^nt 

[Similar to (Jreat IJrilain, No. 6. Art. XLIX.] 

AKTICLE XXX. 

Grrman Vrss^Is of War in Chmesf rurts. Exemption from Duties. 

[Same as <in*at Britain. No. 6, Art. LII. with the following 
addition: " et le;i batimeiitd serunt ixempta de toute etsjW^ca 
d imi»c»Ls.'*] 

ARTICLE XXXI. 

n^rtekt, <tc. Aisistanee to Crnc and lUrnr^ry of Carfo, Crew to h$ 

srnt to nrartM i\'nsulat€, 

[Same as IVl<;ium. No. 21. Art XLIL] 

AKTICLE XXXIL 

Surremhr of Gtrinan S»'*imtn I^urtrrs, and i4htrt. Surrender if 

Vhint'Sf iHstriirs and Crimin'iis, 

[Similar to France, No. 27. Art XXXII J 

218 



Ho. 35.] CHINA AND GEKxMANY. [Sept. 2, 1861. 

[Comzneroe, Ac] 

ARTICLE XXX 1 11. 

Pursuit of Pirates, Punishment for neglect of duty. 

[Similar to Denmark, No. 25, Art. XIX.] 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 

Complaints against Chinese to he suhmiHed to the German Consul^ 
ami a/Jainst Germans to the Chlneae Authority, 

Toiites Ie3 fois qifun siijut il'un il<^s Etats Allemaiuls Cnn- 
tractauta voudra recourir k rautoritc* Chinoisu, Sii Te[X'sentation 
devra d'abord ^tre soumise ^ I'A^ent Consiilaire cjui, suivant qu'il 
la trouvera raisoiinable et convenablemeiit redigee, lui donnera 
suite ou la rendm atiu d'etre motli fiee. 

lies Chinois de leur c6te, lorsqu'ils auront k s adresser an Con- 
sulat, devront suivi-e line marche analoj^ne anpriis de Tautorit^ 
Clmioise, laquelle agira de la nitiue maniure. 

ARTICLE XXXV. 

Considar Intervention in Disputes between Germans and Chinese. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XVIL] 

ARTICLE XXXVL 

Proteetion of German Subjeets ami Property. 

Jjes autoriu's Chinoises aconrderont toujours la plus complete 
protection aux personnes et ii la projiriete des sujets Allemands, 
et |)articulii*rement lors^^ue ceux-ci seraient I'objet de (|uel([ue 
insulte ou violenca l>ans tons les cas d'incendie, de pillage ou 
de destruction, les autorites locales enverront en toute hate la force 
arnice jMrnr dissiper I'dineute, s'emparer des coupables et les livrer 
L toute la 8t5veriU$ des lois, le tout sans pivjudice des poursuites k 
exercer, par qui de droit, contre les coupables quels qu'Us soieut, 
iMjur iudemuisation des pertes epruuvces. 

ARTICLE XXX VI L 
German and Chinese Fraudulent Debtors. 
[Same aa Denmaik, No. 25, Art XXII.] 

ARTICLE XXXVIIL 

Ecprtssion of Crimes. Chinese to he tried by Chinese Authorities and 

Germans by German Conml. 

Les sujets Chinois qui se rendront coupables d'une action 
crimiiielle centre un sujet d'un des Etats AUemands Contractantt 

219 



Sept. 2, 1861] CUINA AND GERMANY. [No. 35. 

[Commerce, &c.] 

seront arretxis par les autorit^s Chiuoises et punis suivant les lois 
de la Chine. 

Les sujets d'un des Etats Allemands Contractants, qui com- 
metraient un crime coiitre un snjet Chiiiois, seront arret^s par 
FAgent-Consulaire et punis suivant les lois de TEtat auquel ils 
appartiennent. 

ARTICLE XXXIX. 

Consular JuHsdiction over German Subjects. Cliinese Authorities 
not to interfere in DispiUes between Germans and Foreigners. 

Toutes les contestations de droits, soit de personne soit de 
propri^t^, qui pourraient sVIever entre des sujets des Etats Alle- 
mands Contractants, rel^veront de la juridiction des autorit(3S de 
ces Etats. En cas de dift'erends survenus entre des sujets des Etats 
Allemands Contractants et des (Strangers, Tautorit^ Chinoise n'aura 
point k s'en meler. 

ARTICLE XL* 

Privileges and Immunities. Most-favoured-naiion Treatment Cus- 
toms', Tonnage, Port, Import, Export, and Transit Dues. Most- 
favoured-nation Treatment. 

II est convenu entre les Parties Coutractantes qu*il sera 
accord^ aux Etats Allemands et k leurs sujets participation pleine 
et egale h, tons les privileges, immunites, et avantages qui ont ^te 
accord^s ou seront concedes dorAiavant par Sa Majesty TEmpereur 
de Chine au Gouvernement ou aux sujets d*une autre nation quel- 
conque. En particulier tons les changements apport^s en faveur 
d*une autre nation quelconque au tarif ou aux dispositions con- 
cernant les droits de Douane, de toimage et de port, d*importation, 
d'exportation et de transit, seront immediatement applicables au 
commerce des Etats Allemands Contractants, ainsi qu'i leurs mar- 
chands, armateurs et capitaines, par le seul fait de leur mise k 
execution et sans qu'il faille un nouveau Tmit4 

ARTICLE XLI. 

Modification of Treaty after 10 years. 

Si dor^navant les Etats Allemands Contractants jugeaient 
coiivenable d'apporter des modifications k quelques-unes des 
clauses du present Trait(5, ils seront libres d'ouvrir k cet effet des 
n<5gociations apr^s un intervalle de 19 ann^es rdvolues k partir du 
jour de T^change des ratifications, mais il faut que 6 mois avant 
I'ex^iration des 10 ann^es ils fassent connaitre oflBciellement au 
Gouvernement Chinois leur intention d'apporter des modifications, 

* Confirmed bj Sapplementarj ConTcntion of 31st March, 1880 (No. 36)) 
Art. I. 

220 



Ho. 35.] CHINA ANO GKHMANY. [Sept. 2, 1861. 

[Commerce, Ac] 

et en quoi elles consisteroiit. A ilefaiit <le cettc annonce ofTicielle, 
le Tniitc* rcijtem en vigueur sans cliaugement pour uu uouveau 
teiine de 10 aunees. 

ARTICLE XLII. 

Jiat ijicatiofis. 

Le present Trait<5 sera ratific et les ratifications soront <5chang(^es 
dans rintervalle d'un an i partir du jour de la signature, ou k 
Changhai ou i\ Tientsin, an choix du (louvernenient de Prusse. 
Aussit6t que Tuchange aura en lieu, le Gouvernenient Chinoia 
portera le Traiu5 k la connaissance de toutos les Autorites suix?- 
rienres de TEnipire, dans les provinces et dans la capitals, atin 
qu'elles s y conforment. 

En foi de quoi les Pl(?nipotentiaires respectifs des Hautes 
Parties Contractantes ont signe le present Tmite et y ont appos6 
leurs sceaux. 

Fait en quatre expAlitions k Tientsin le 2 Septembre de Tan 
de grace 1861, corres{>ondant au 28 jour de la 7enie lune de la 
ll6nie anncSe de Hien-Foung. 

(LS.) COMTE D'EULENBUKG. 

rLS.) TCHON(;-LUEN. 

(LS.) TCIIONG-HEOU. 

[Here follows the Tariff and Commercial Regulations.] 



ARTICLES SCl^ARfiS.* 

L 

A Non- Residence of Prussian Diplomatic Agent at Pekin for five 

years. 

La Prusso, les autres fttats de TAssociation de douanes et do 
commerce Allemande, les ( Jrands-Dncht's de Meklenl)Ourg-Schw(5rin 
et de MeklenlHmrg-Strclitz, ainsi que les Villes Hans^itiques de 
LulKick, Rreme et HamUmrg, ayant conclu aujourd'hui avec 
la Chine un traite d ami tie, de commerce et de navigation, execu- 
t^nre apres I'echange dcs ratifications (pii doit avoir lieu dans I'inter- 
valle d'une ann^e. et d'apri*s le<pu»l Sii Majeste le Roi de Prusse a 
le droit d'accrediter un Agent diplomatique a demeure fixe pr^s la 
c«»nr de IVkin, il est conveim entre les PK'nijMjtentiaires respectifs 
de ces fitats, cju'en raison des troul>les qui d(:st)lent actuellement la 
Chine, Sa Maje^st** le Roi de Prusse attendra qu*un laps de cinq 
ann<k» se soit (^coul^ k partir de T^hange des ratifications du pre- 
sent traitd pour accrdditer k demeure fixe un Agent diplomatique 4 
Pekin. 

• From lUrten't N.R.O. Tome 19. Page 900. 

221 



Sept. 2, 1861.] CHINA AND GERMANY. [No. 35. 

[Coxnxnerce, &c.] 

En foi lie quoi les Plenipotentiaires respectifs ont sign^ le pre- 
sent Aiticle et j ont appose leurs sceaiix. 

Fait en qnatre expeditions k Tientsin le deux Septembre de Tan 
de grace mil buit-cent-soixante-et-nn, correspondant au vingt-hni- 
tieme jour de la septieme lune de la onzieme annee de Hien-Fonng. 

COMTE D'EULENBUKG. 
TCHONG-LUEN. 
TCHONG-HEGU. 



11. 
SigJU of Hans Tovms to nominate a Consid at each of the open Ports. 

La Prusse, les autres ifetats de TAssociation de douane et de 
commerce Alleniande, les Grands-Diicbes de Meklenbouig-Scbw^rin 
et de Meklenbouig-Str^lirz, ainsi que les Villes Hans6atiques de 
Lubeck, Breme et Hambourg, ayant conclu aujourd'hui avec 
la Chine un traits d'ainitid, de commerce et de navigation, il est 
convenu en outre que les Senats des Villes Hanseatiques auix)nt le 
droit de nommer un Consul dans cbaqueport ouvert i la navigation 
et au commerce etranger, pour y traiter les affaires de leurs 
nationaux. 

Le present article s6par^ aura la meme vigneur et la meme 
validity que 8*il ^tait inscrit mot k mot dans le traitd susmentioune. 

En foi de quoi les Plenipotentiaires respectifs ont sign^ le pre- 
sent article et y ont appose leurs sceaux. 

Fait en quatre expeditions k Tientsin le deux Septembre de Tan 
de grSxje mil Imit-cent-soixante-et-un, correspondant au vingt-hui- 
tifeme jour de la septieme lune de la onzifeme ann^e de Hien- 
Foung. 

COMTE D'EULENBUEG. 

TCHONG-LUEN. 

TCHONG-HEOU. 



i 



False Manifests* 

Declaration par le Reprisentant des £tats die Zollverein allcmand, 
concemant la poursuHe d^sfaiuc vuinifestcs pr^scnt^s par les capi- 
taines marchands allemands en Chine, Signde d FM/n, le 2 sep- 
tembre, 1868. 

Pekin, ce 2 Scptcmhre, 1868. 

Le Soussign^ ayant rendu compte au Gouvernement de Sa 
Majesty le Roi de Prusse de la communication que Son Altesse 
Imp^riale le Prince Kung et Leurs Excellences les Ministres charges 
des Affaires ilfitrang^res lui ont faite relativement a I'Article 13 du 
traite conclu entre les !^tats du Zollverein, les Grands-Duches de 



No. 36.] CHINA AND GERMANY. [Mor. 31, 1880. 

[Comzneroe, Ac] 

Meklenbourg-Schwdrin et Meklenbourg-Strdlitz et les villea libres 
et hans^atiques de Lubec, Brenie et Hambourg d*une part et la 
Chine de Tautre part le 2 Septembre, 1861, et k la n^cessit^ de 
frapper d'uiie amende les Capitaines Marchands qui pr^sentent des 
fiiux manifestes, ainsi que cela est stipule dans les trait^s conclus 
par d'aiitres Nations avec la Chine, a requ ordre de declarer que la 
Cor;f(5d^ration, de TAlleraagne du Nord et les fitats du ZoUverein 
qui ne font pas partie de cette Conf(5d(5ration, consentent en principe 
h la proposition du Gouvernement Chinois et veulent bien admettre 
une amende toutes les fois qu'un Capitaine Marchand aura fait 
line fausse dt5claration surla quality ou la quantite des marchandises, 
sous la condition cependant, que cette amende sera calculee d^aprfes 
Timportance de chaque contravention et ne pourra exc^der la somme 
de 500 Taels. II est ^galement sous-entendu qu'il n'y aura pas 
lieu de poursuivre du Chef de faux manifeste danslecas ou Terreur 
aura 6t6 corrig(5e dans les 24 heures qui ont suivi la fausse declaration. 
Quant k la proc(5dure k suivre dans les cas de fausse declara- 
tion, il est convenu que Tamende ne pourra §tre r^putde valable 
qu'apr6s jugement rendu par une Commission mixte, compos^e d'un 
delt^gud de la Douane Chinoise et d'un ddldgu^ de TAutorite Con- 
sulaire Allemande du port oi la contravention a eu lieu. Dans les 
cas oh ces d^ldgu^s ne tomberaient pas d'accord, le jugement serait 
remis k Tlnspecteur General des Douanes Maritimes k I*6kin et au 
Ministre de la Confederation de TAllemagne du Nord qui ddcideront 
de commun accord. 

EEHFUES, L*Envoy6 Extraordinaire et 
Ministre PUnipoteniiaire de la Con-' 
fdd4ration de VAllemagne du Nord. 



[Here follow the Tariff and Commercial Regulations.] 



(No. 36.) SUPPLEMENTARY CONVENTION of Commerce 
and Navigation between Germany and China. — Signed at Peking, 
31st March, 1880. 

[I^tifications exchanged 16th September, 1881.] 

(Translation.) 

His Majesty the German Emperor, King of Prussia, &c., in the 
name of the German Empire, and His Majesty the Emperor of 
China, wishing to secure tlie more perfect execution of the Treaty 
of the 2nd September, 1861 (No. 35), have, in conformity with 
Article XL! of that Treaty, according to the terms of which the 
High Contracting German States are entitled, after a period of ten 
years, to demand a revision of the Treaty, decided to conclude a 
Supplementary Convention. 

With this view they have appointed their Plenipotentiaries. 

[Here follow the names.] 

Who, after communicating their full powera, and finding them 
in due form, have agreed upon the following Articles: — 

223 Q 



M0rch3l. ISMO] CHINA AND GERMANY. [Ho. 36. 

[Comin«rc«, 4^o.] 

AKTICLE I. 

New Ports and Landiwj Places open to Trade, 

Chinese ConrfA<um. — The harlMnirs of I-<'hftnix, in Hiipei ; 
Wuliii. ill Anliiii ; WViuhow, in (*!ieki!in«r ; nii«l Pakhoi. in Kwan- 
tiini;; an<l tli«» lan»lin>j |»l;nv^ Tat*uii;» an<l Ankin^. in Anhui; 
Huk'ow, in Kiaiiu'^i ; Wnsurh, Lmliikow, and Shaluiliih, in 
llukuang. Iiavin;^ aln»ady ln.vu <»i»i*ntMl. 

(terman ships an* in futun» also to U* )>ennitt4Ml to touch at the 
harUmr Wusun^'*, in tht* rn»vin<*<' of Kiani^'su. to take in or<li8<*harve 
lutTrhandize. Thi* ne<*esHiiry K(*;:uhitionA are to l>e drawn up by 
the Tautai of Shan^^hae and tht* ('oin]ietent authorities. 

Assint of Ot^rmany to ChitwM P*''fuhitii>iu alt ached to Foreign 

German ('f'nct.<xion, — In tlie «*vrnt of f<iH*rial He;;ulationfi for 
the execnlii»n of ('oiuu'H^inns whit-li tlie ('hin»***4' (fovrrniiient may 
make t4» fori*i;;n (ioviTniiM'nts In-in^j attaehrd to !»tieh ('<»ne«*H;«ioiiH, 
(I'Tinany, whil<* <»hiiniiii;r thf**** ronrtMsionn fi»r lifrsrlf and f«»r her 
8uhject.s, will eipially as.sfUt to thr Kr^n)ation.i attached to them. 

Conjimiatum of Art. XL «/ Trrttty of ISGL 

Article XL of the Tn*aty of tlif 2nd S-plendier. IHGl (JfO. 
36). i.-* not alfecteil by this Ki*gulation, an*! is hereby expressly 
contirme^l. 

Should (terman «ubj«»<'t«<, r»n lh«* Htn-ni^h of this Article, claim 
privih»;^c«, immunities, or a»lvantap-H which the ('hin«**e (Jovern- 
mcnl may further concede to another Power, f>r the Hubjecls of 
f*;i('h Tower, thev will also submit to the He*^ulations which liave 
bet'ii ugrt*c*(l \i\nm in ciiiinettioii with such ( 'oiicc:uiuu. 

AUTKLE n. 

Chinrse Cifttrfjvnan. — (bnnan ships which have alrt^otly }iaid 
tonna;;e dues in diina may vi^it all other f»]H'n |M*rt8 in diina. aa 
well as all |»orls not ('hines#». without ex«»»ption. without U*ini( 
lipiin obh^eil Ut pay tonna^'e «lues, within ihi- given |K-ho«l of four 
nioiitlis. 

(ferman sailing-ves.stls which remain in the same (Inncae 
liarUiur for a h»n'^«r |H-ri«Nl than 14 day-* ^hall only |»ay for tima 
o\«'r and ab(jve this |»enotl half of tlie tonnage duc!» blipuUtol by 
Treaty. 



110.36.] CHINA AND GERMANY. [M*roh 81« 1880. 

Appmntment of Chiruse Consuls in Germany. 

German Concession, — The Chinese Government shall have the 
ri;;ht of apiwinting Consuls to all towns of Gennany in which the 
Consuls of other States are admitted, and they shall enjoy the 
sfiiiie rights and privileges as the Consuls of the moat-favoured 
nation. 

ARTICLE III. 

Bonded Warehouses.^ 

Chinese Concession, — The Chinese Commissioner of Customs, 
and the other coni])etent authorities, shall, after agreeing upon the 
necessarj' Ke<(idations, themselves take measures for the establish- 
ment of Ixinded warehouses in all the open i)orts of China in 
wlii( h they are re(|uired in the interests of foi*eign commerce, and 
wlitTv locid circumstances would admit of such an arrangement 
being made. 

Sliips* Manifests,^ 

German Concession, — German ships visiting the open porta of 
China shall deliver a manifest containing an exact statement as 
to the quality and quantity of their cargoes. Mistakes which may 
have occurred in the manifests can be rectified in the course of 
24 h(»urs (Sundays and holidays excepted). False statements as to 
the quantity and ijuality of cargo are punishable by confiscation of 
t)t(* i^iKxls and also by a fine, to l)e imposed uix)n the captain, but 
not to exceed the sum of 500 taels. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Export Duty on Chinese Coed. 

Chinese Concession. — The export duty on Chinese coal, ex- 
IK>rted by German merchants from the open ports, is reduced to 
3 mace jkt ton. In those ports in which a lower duty on the 
ex]H)rt of coal has already been fixed upon, the lower duty remains 
in force. 

Pilots. 

German Concession. — Anyone acting as pilot for any kind of 
cnift whatever, without being furnished with the Regulation cer- 
tificate, is liable to a fine not to exceed 100 taels for each separate 
case. 

Control over Sailors. 

Regulations with a view to exercising a proper control over 
sailors arc to be introduced with the least possible delay. 

^ Bf alio SpecUl Rcguktion», | 2, p. 2i8. 
t „ M » I 8, p. 238. 

225 Q 2 



March 31, ISSO] CHINA AND GERMANY. [No. 36. 

[Oomzneroe, &o.'] 

AETICLE V. 

Repairs of Ships. Non-pai/ment of Tonnage Dius* 

Chiriese Conccsssion, — German ships in want of repairs in con- 
sequence of damages sustained within or without the port are not 
re([uired to pay tonnage dues during the period necessary for the 
repairs, wliich is to be fixed by the Inspectorate of Customs. 

Non-use of other's Flag by either Country,^ 

Gei^man Concess;ion, — Ships belonging to Chinese may not make 
use of the German flag, nor may German ships make use of the 
Chinese flag. 

AETICLE VL 

Broken-np Vessels. Sale of Materials.^ 

Chinese Concession, — In the event of German ships, no longer 
fit for sea, })cing broken up in an open port of China, the material 
may be sold without any import duty being levied upon it. But 
if the materials are to be brought ashore, a " permit of discharge " 
must first be obtained for them from the Customs Inspectorate, in 
tlxe same manner as in the case of merchandize. 

Passports for the Interior, § 

German Concession. — If German subjects travel into the interior 
for their own pleasure without being in possession of a passport 
issued by the Consul and stamped by the proper Chinese authority, 
the local authorities concerned are entitled to have tliem taken 
back to the nearest German Consulate, in order that the requisite 
supervision may be exercised over them. The ofl'ender is, in addi- 
tion to this, liable to a fine up to 300 taels. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Materials for Getifnan Docks. Freedom from Duty. 

Chinese Concession. — Materials for German docks are free of 
duty. A list of articles which may be imported free of duty in 
conformity with this stipulation is to be drawn up and published 
by the Inspector-General of Customs. 

Passes for Foreign Merchandize into the Interior. Passports for 

Travellers, 

German Concession. — Passes issued to German subjects for con- 

• See also Special Regulations, § 4, p. 228. 
t „ M „ § 5, p. 229. 

t ,. „ „ § 6, p. 229. 

S M .» » § 7, p. 229 ; 8 a, p. 230. 

226 



No. 36.] CHINA AND GERMANY. [March 81. 1880. 

[Commerce, &o.] 

X 

veyinj; foreign mercliandize int<3 the interior, as well as juissports \^ 

for ihu pur]M)se of travelling issued to tJerman snlijects, are only 
to remain in force for a jK^riod of VA Chinese months fi*om the day 
on wliich they were issued. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Judicial Proceedings in mixed Canes, Ta-ra(io7i of Merchandizi 
and of Chinese Goods by Foreitjii Merchants in the Interior* 
OJicial Interco u rse. 

The s»*ttlement of the questions relating to judicial proceedings 
in mixed ciises, the taxation of foreign merchandize in the in- 
terior, tlie taxation of Chinese goods in the possession of foreign 
merchants in the int^uior, and intercourse between foreign and 
Chinese ollieials, are to become the subject of special negotiations, 
whieh both Governments hereby declare themselves ready to enter 

UJMJU. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Confirmation of Treaty of 2nd September, 1861, except where 

modified. 

All the provisions of the former Treaty of the 2nd September, 
IHf)! (No. 35), whieli have not lieen altered by this Agreement, 
are hereby confirmed anew, as lioth parties now expiessly declare. 

In the case of those Artich^s, on the other hand, which are 
atl'ected by the pres«'nt Agi-eement, the new interpretation of them 
is to be considered as binding. 

ARTICLE X. 
Exchange of Raiifications. 

The pn\sent Supplementary Convention shall l)e ratified by 
their Majesties, and the ratificiitions exchanged at Peking within a 
year from the date of its signature. 

The provisions of this Agreement come into force on the day of 
the exchange of the ratifications. 

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries of both tlie High Con- 
t meting Powers have signed and seahnl with their seals the above 
A^'reement in four copies, in the (lerman and Chinase texts, which 
have been compared and found to corre3|x)nd. 

Done at Peking the 3l8t March, 1880, corresponding to the 
21st day of the 2nd month of the 6th year Kuangsu. 

(LS.) M. VON BRANDT. 

(LS.) SHfeN-KUli-FflN. 
(LS.) CHING-LIEN. 



227 



ICarah 81. 1880.] CHINA AND GERMANY. [Mo. 36. 

[Comm«rott, Ste.] 

Special SriprLATioNs. IMsi March, 1880. 

(Tmnslatiiui.) 

Von tlio *yikft of jjP'.itor cltMmoss and coinpl«'t*»iu»ss, it li.'n 
8eeiiK'(l fittin;^' to ap[H'ii<l a nuuib<T of HjKfcuil stipiil ition.s to the 
Su|)|>leiiu*iitary ( '«»iiVfiilinn. 

The foUowiii^j slipuhitions must l>e ol)Hi»rve«l l»y the 8uhjtK?tb of 
both the ('ontraotin«; Piirtii-H. in the wime wny as the stipulAtioiisi 
of the Treaty iti44»lf. In pn»of when^if tlu* Plriii|>oteiitiarie8 of the 
two States have thereto set their seals ami sijjcnatures : — 

Gtrman Tradr at Wunung. 

Sec. 1. In aeronlance with tlie ne\vly-i»rante<l privilejjes for 
the jwrt of Wusun^, in the l*rt>vince i»f Kii«n::su, Cternuin 8hi|>6 
shall be at liberty to take in and to unhhvl there nien:hanilize 
\rhich is either intended for Shan^^hae or conies fn»ni Shanghae; 
and for this pur|>osi.* the eoi»jH»tent aiilhurities then* shall have the 
ri^'ht of devisiii;^ K«-i;ulatiuns in onh-r to pntvent frau«ls on the 
taxes and irregularitie.^ of every kiml ; whieh Kei^idations A\\\\\ lie 
binding f«»r the nierrliaiit.*^ c»f lH»ih (Countries. <it'iiiiaii nieiehants 
are not at liU*rty to constnitt landin>^-place8 for shiiis, uierdiants' 
houses, or warehouses at tlie siiid place. 

BoTuUd IVarehouses, 

Sec 2. An exj^eriment to ascertain whether Iwmded warehouses 
can lie estiibliftluHl in the (hiiirM* o|i«n |Mirts hhall tin«t l»e made at 
8han)^hae. For thi^ puqK»^** tlu» riiHtom> IhriM-ior at the said 
place, with the Customs Iii<*}4 rto|.4;fiicnd. shall forthwith dntw 
up Ite;!ulations suitaMe to tl.** I<Mal < oihiiti'>n.<<. and then the kiIiI 
Cu.st4ims Director and his ixilN-siLMit-s bhull pun t-ed to the e^tablihh- 
inent of such bonded wareh'iUM.*. 

Shif>s ifani/fsiA, 

Sec. 3. If any goo<ls found on Nxinl a German ship, for the 
discharge whereof a written |H*rmit fnau tin* ^u^tomH nftice is 
rei|uire<l, are not entend in the maniftiit. tlii.H hhall U* taken a^ a 
prxxif of a false manifest, no matter wli»ther a c^^rtifieate of the 
rea»ption of such ^ikhIs on Umrd, U-arin^' the captaiiu's signature, 
be prmluced or not. 

JtffMfirn vj (Urman SQujtn, \ 

Sec. 4. If a (i«»rman ship, in consi-ipu-nn. of damages received 
in one of the o|H'n rhiin-^' ]>4»rts. it ourHjilf th«*reof, n«ed n*|»air, 
the time refpunil for *uih npair '•hall U- rt-rk'ined in addition to 
the t4»nn aft»T the l.ip^f of wlijrh t«»nn:i.ti» %\\xi'n are to lie paid. 
The Chines^; atithtiritit-H hav»» the ri;jht to make tlir n«MiHHary 
arrangementa for this purinisiv I*>ut ii it ap|x-ar<» tlu-refnim that 
this is only a pretext and a desi^in to evade the legal payuicats to 

T2& 



No. 36.] CHINA AND GERMANY. [March 81, 1880. 

[Conunorce, &o.] 

the Customs chest, the sliip therein concerned shall be fined in 
doulilethe nmount of the tonnage dues whereof it has tried to evade 
tlie payment. 

Non-use of German Flag by Chines SnJtjects, 

Sec. 5. No ships of any kind wliich belong to Chinese subjects 
arc allowed to make use of the German Hag. If there are definite 
grounds for suspicion that tliis has, nevertheless, been done, the 
Chinese authority concerned is to address an olhcial communica- 
tion thereon to the German C(»nsul, and if it should l)e shown, in 
constMjuence of tlie investigations instituted by him, that the ship 
was really not entitled to l»ear the German flag, the ship as well as 
the goods found therein, so far as they belong to Chinese mer- 
chants, shall be immediately delivered over to the Chinese authori- 
ties for furtlier disiK>sid. If it lie ascertained that (German subjects 
were aware of the circumstances and took part in the commission 
of the irregularity, the whole of the gooiis belonging to them found 
in the ship are liable to confiscation, and the people themselves to 
punishment according to law. 

Non-nse of Chinese Flag by German S/ii/M vrUhoui authority. 

In case a German ship carries the Chinese flag without au- 
thority to do so, then, if it be ascertained tlirough the investigation 
made by the Chinese authorities that the ship was really not 
entitled to bear the Chinese flag, the ship, as well as the goods 
found therein, so far a-s they l>elong to German merchants, shall be 
immediately delivered over to the German Consul for further dis- 
]»osiil and the ])unishment of the guilty. If it l>e shown that 
Gtrnum owners of go<Kis were aware of the circumstance and took 
p;irt ill the commission of tliis irregularity, all the grxnls l)elonging 
tu them found in the ship incur the penalty of confis<.ation by the 
( hinese authorities. The giH)ds iK'haiging to Chinese may be im- 
ineiiiately seized by tlie Chinese authorities. 

ISroken-up Ships. 

Sec. 6. If, on the sale of the materials of a German ship which, 
frnni unseaworthinef^**, has lK*en broken up in one of the ojieu 
(hinese i)orts, an attempt be made to mix up with them goods 
I M longing to the cargo, these g(M>ds shall be liable to confiscation, 
ami, moreover, to a fine equal to double the amount of the import 
duty which they would otherwise have had to pay. 

Passports for the Interior, 

Sec. 7. If German subjects go into the interior with foreign 
P«'<hIs, or tnivel there, the (tasses or certificates issued to them shall 
only l>o valid for 13 Chinese months, reckoned from the day of 
tl eir issue, and after the la|>se of that tenn must no longer bo used. 
The expired posses and certificates must bo returned to the Customs 

2d9 



M.nhai. isso.J CHINA AND <;KUMANY. [No. 36. 

[Commerce, &c.j 

autlioritv in wlmsc <»tlicial ili>tri« t tlif v were ii>>ur«l, in <»nler to be 

CMi:"tlIi-.|. 

N.il. -If :i pIiM^iin* ♦•\«ui-i«»n li* uii<l<*itak»n iiit»» if^'i .lis so 
<ii-^*.;iiit tli.it tin* li-riii «•! a \»Mr appMis insulin iiiil. Mii- mnsl 1k! 
ii'»t-l «»n tli»* j».!-^ I'V na^'Mi of ,111 nil Ifi'-l.Mi l.iU' i»i»vrL'ii the 
Cmhs.-I :iim1 tin- ( '!iiii»-»* aiitli«»rit V al llu* Umt* it i:i i>*%iitMl. 

* 

If ihf ifluin of tin* pa^^jHiii Im* mniiti'*!. n«» further pass shall 
1m* issiU'ti to tin* i»<'r-*'iii •'•ti»t fiii.Ml uiilil it has tak»'ii j»huv. If the 
pnss U'lo-it, no niatt«r wiit ih-r within ihi* t»*nn «»r utter its t'X[»ir:i- 
tion. thf |mt^ -n *• 'ii- frn**'! mM««t ft»rlh\viih niak** i\ foniial thTl.mi- 
li«»n of ill" l.iri i.i-t^.n' lh«' n»ar»-t i liiiif -.• authority. Tht* rhiin'^e 

« 

(•llicial aj»|»Ii.i| in will ihi n •!•» what «•!>«* may U» n«»cvssary for the 
invali«Liti«»n of tl.** \ui<^. If th«- rt-r.inh-il il»*chiration |»n»VfS t<» l»c 

untriu', thru, in ra^* th«' trin-j»»it ••! ^' U In* ronivnu'*!, th«\v will 

U* ('onti"<'i«t4'»l ; ]»ut if iht* ni.ittrr rrhitt to travi-llini», thf tra\i-lh'r 
will \*ii takrii to thf nuan-st (*<»n"ial, ani U* <k*li\vrt*«l up to liiiii lor 
piHii.shincnt. 

St*r. S. M.it«riaK f -i <itrman «l«'i ks mily «-:ij'»y. in so farastrj»*y 
an' actually fin|'l«»viMi |.»r ilu* npair of ship>, lin* favour of iluly- 
fuT innHiitali.»n m M|.«n |-»its Th« <*U'»t««n;s autli(irity h«i.H the 
ri'jhl t*» *H»n«l in*>|i' t'-rs to th** <!«»* k t^ <«»n\iii<c tla*in>«'lvrs on the 
^|N»t as to th<* inaiiiifr an<l way in whi< li th<* inatfrials an* li«*in<; 
ihimI. If th«* ron^trnrtion nf a ni*w ship Ik* ron<'«'nn*<| the nmte- 
rials einph'ViMi fi»r ihi«». in s » far .istli'-y at»* sjH»(ia!lvfnt*-n*«l in the 
lni{Mirt or KxjHirt Taritf. will U* r*... koniMi at the TaritI iluty, anil 
thosM; not «'ntiMe«l in l!i»* T.n.M .a a •luty «»l ."» p«r rent, a// valarfm, 
un<i th(* i:i<*iv'tiant conicru* il will l»e U»iin>i to jmy this duty 
suhsetiueiitly. 

Any on»* who wisJuM to l.iy out u ih^k i.s t«» ;:»'t fptin the 
(*u«*ton»s utlu'f a *:rali.s ('on«i -^si-.n «rrtiti»at«v ainl to ^\z\\ a wiitt* ii 
nn<h*itakin;;. ihf puq«»rt an-l w inlin;^ th'-rrof is to U- M*ttle<i in 
due form l»y th** Customs Oth* •• fonr»rn»* 1. 

Sv. 1». Arti«h' XXIX of the Tn-a!y vA th«» 2i»il S«'pl« inl-tr, 
lS*;i (No. 35». ^h:lll :-• ippli. .il»h' tu the tine,s e-tahliMicd hv thl4 

pn*s«iit Supj'!' !i.«n: i\ *«.'»%. ii'ion 

hoiii" at I'fkiii'^' thr .*Ust Manh. lX'<o. forns|Hmdin^ with the 
21st day of the 2nd m<'nlh of the tUh vt-ar Kuan:;>u. 

\ls.) M von mUXHT 
iLS) SHf:N.Kffi-FKX 
(LS.) CHLSG-LIEX. 



230 



No. 36.] CHINA AND GKUMANY. [March 81, 1880. 

[Tonnage Dues.] 



EXCHANGE OF NOTES {Tonnage Dues), ilst March, 1880. 



The Prince of Kung ami the Miniiitrrs of the Tsung-li Yamin to 

If err von Brandt, 

Kuangsil, Ctfh yfar^ 2nd month, 2\si day, 
(Translation.) (IMcing, 'AU Manh, 1880.) 

With re^^'anl to the stipulation contained in the Ilnd Article of 
the Supplementary Convention concluded on occasit>n of the Treaty 
revision ,• that German sailing-ships which lie tor a longer time 
than 14 days in a Chinese {X)rt shall only ])ay for the time beyond 
tliat term the moiety of the tonnage dues settled by Treaty, the 
rienipotentiaries of the two Contracting Tarties have agreed and 
declared that the Siiid stipulation shall tirat of all be intriKluced by 
way of trial, and that in case, on carrying it out, practical diffi- 
culties should arise, another stipulation may be put in its place ou 
the basis of a renewed joint discus-^ion by both parties. 

(Prince Kung and the Ministers of the Tsung-li Yamen.) 



Uerr von Brandt to the Prince of Kung and the Ministers of the 

Tsung-li Yamen, 
(Translation.) 
Imperial Highness, Peking, ^\d March, 1880. 

The Undersigned, Envoy Extraonlinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary of the (Jerman Empire, has had the honour of receiving 
the note which His Imperial Highness I*rince Kung and their 
Excellencies the Minister of the Tsung-li Yamen have addressed 
to him this day, and in which they stiy as f<»llows in regard to 
Article II of the Supplemenuiry Convention of the 3l8t March, 
1880, as agreeil to : — 

** With regard to the stipulation contained in the Ilnd Article 
of the Supplementary Convention concluded on occasion of the 
Treaty revision, that German sailing->hij>8 which lie for a longer 
time than 14 days in a Clanene jKirt shall only j«iy for the time 
Inyond that term the moiety of the tonnagt; dues settled by Treaty, 
the Plenij)Otentiaries of the two Contracting Parties have agreed 
and decla!e<l that the said stipulation shall first of all be intro- 
duced by way of trial, ond that in ca'^e, on carrying it out, practical 
dithculties should arise, another stipulaticm shall be put in its 
phu*e on the Iwvsis of a renewe<l joint discu^ion by both parties." 

In declaring his express consent to this agreement, the Under- 
signed avails, &c. 

M. VON BRANDT, Imperial Envoy. 

• Pege 224. 



231 



Aug. 21. IR^] CIIfSA AND ITALY. [Mo. 37. 

[Commerce, Sto.] 

(No. 37.) PROTOCOL (Ddaf/ in Exchange of KaiijUaiions), 

iMirf August, 1880. 

(Translation.) 

The Un<lersip;ne<l, who Imvo lH*i»n t*xint»55sly einpowpivd by 
their Goveniments to make tlie followiui: armnp-ment, have aj^»ed 
that the tenii S4*ttlcMl by the I*h'niiM»i<*ntiari«*H of the (^rrnian 
Empire and i)f (.'hina in thi» SupiiliMiu-ntary (.'<»nvt»nlion condihietl 
at Pekinj^ on tho 3lHt Marcli this yt»ar for the exrhan^e of the 
ratifications of the saiil Convvntiun,* bhall l>e ]>roK>nge<i till tlie 
Ist DecemlKjr. 1S81. 

Tlie other stipulations of tlie Supplementary* Convention of the 
Slat March this vrar an' not ath*(>t<Ml hv tliis alteration. 

In witness whi*n*< if ihf rn<itT^i^n<'*i hiivi* suhx-riUnl with their 
own hands, and atlixiMl thfir wal t4) this A^'r«H*m<'iit. in two copies 
of each of tile (fcniian and 4'hin<*f(f t(\\t. \%hii-li have been com- 
]iare<l with earlioihrr and f(»und to rom*<«)4ind. 

Done at IVkiii^^. the iMst Au^rn.-t, 1S8«». com^| Minding with tha 
16th day of the 7th montli of the t>th v«*ar Kuan^^su. 

(IJS) M. vr»N BKAXDT. 
(LS> <1lf:N-Krfe.Fr.X. 
(LS.) ClIIVr.-LIKX. 
(LS) WANT;.XFUiN.SHOU. 

(LS.) CIIING-U. 



(No. 98.\—TnEATY of FrirntlJtip.Cnmmrrcf, and Nftrigation 
heiwem Italy and Chnut, Si^/n'd 'ft Pfking, in t/u Italian and 
Chintu Languitfjts, 2CM OctJ^r, l80o.t 

ARTICLE I. 

Piac€ and Friendship. Pn^l^elt^m of Persons and Property. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art I.] 

AUTICLE II. 

Appointmmt i/ lhj*lomat\r AgenU. 

[Same aa Great Britain, No. 6, Art IL] 

ARTICLE III. 

\i» of Italian Diplomatic Ag^nt to Peking. Pririleget and /ni^ 

muttttuK 

[Same aa Denmark. No. 25. Art III.] 

• Psfo tS7. t 8 P. Tol 61, p. 144. 

232 



No. 38.] CHINA AND ITALY. [Oct. «5, 1806. 

ARTICLE IV. 

JUceipt and Trmisminsion of Corresponihnct, Privileges to Couriers. 
Expenses of Mission to be horns by Italian Government, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. IV.] 



ARTICLE V. 

Transaction of business bettceen Italian Representaiive and Chinese 

Ministers. 

[Same aa Denmark, No. 25, Art. V.] 



ARTICLE VI. 

Similar Privileges to Chinese Diplomatic Agents in Italy. 

[Same as Groat Britain, No. 6, Art. VI.] 

ARTICLE VI L 

Appointment of Consuls. Most-favoured-nation Treatment. Com- 
munication between Consuls and Chinese Authitrities. Permission 
to Foreign Consuls to act as Italian Consuls. 

[Same as Great BriUin, No. 6, Art. VII, §§ 1 and 2, with the fol- 
lowing addition.] 

In mancanza di Console odichi nc faccia le veci, \ subditi 
Italiani {K)tniiino rivolgersi al Direttore della Logana, 11 quale 
tutelera, I loro interessi a norma dei Tigenti liegoIamentL 

ARTICLE VIIL 

Religious Toleration. 

[§ 1, same aa Denmark, No. 25, Art. VIII, with the following 

addition.] 

§ 2. Neasun irape<Hraento sara i»osto dalle aiitorita Chinese a che 
tale o tale altn> snbdito deU'Inipero possa, sc lo vuole, abbracciara 
la religione cristiaua e seguirne pubblicamente i ritL 

ARTICLE IX. 

Freedom to travel in China with Passport $. Italian Subjects not 
having Passports to be sent to nearest Consid. Crews of Ships 
excepted. Passes not to he given to palaces in Insurrection. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art IX, minus this last clause.] 

Get article ne conceme pas lea ^uipagea des Barirea, pour lea- 

233 



«i 




Oct. XO, 1866.] CHINA AND ITALY. [Ko. 38. 

[Conunerce, &c.] 

quels on dtkerininera, d'un cornmun accord, des limites sp^ciales, 
entre les Cuusuls et les autorites locales.'' 

ARTICLE X. 

Correspondence between Italian and Chinese Authorities : and bettoeen 

Italian Subjects and Chinese Officials, 

[§§ 1 — 3 same as Denmark, No. 25, Art. X, and § 4 same as 

France, No. 32, Art IV.] 

ARTICLE XL 

Points open to Italian Merchant Vessels, Freedom of Trade in open 
Ports; rif/ht to build or rent Ilonses, lease Lands, and build 
C hurdles f Hospitals, and Cemeteries. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art. XL] 

ARTICLE XIL 

Agreements for lease of Lands for building, &c.,to be made equitably 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XIL] 

ARTICLE XIIL 

Evtployment of Chinese by Italian Subjects. 

[Same as Germany, No. 35, Ai-t. IX.] 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Hire of Boats for Conveyance of Cargo or Passengers. Monopolies 
forbidden. Pu niskm ent for Contrabaml. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art. XIV.] 

ARTICLE XV. 

Jurisdiction of Italian Authorities over Italian Subjects in China. 
Jurisdiction in Disputes between Italian and Foreign SubjecU. 
Jurisdiction incases in which Chinese Subjects are parties. 

[Similar to Denmark, No. 25, Art. XV.] 

ARTICLE XVL 

Chinue Criminals to be punisked by Chinese Authm^ties, (ind Italian 

Criminals by Italian Authorities, 

[Similar to Denmark, No. 25, Art XVL] 

234 



No. 3a] CHIXA A.ND ITALY. [Oct. M, ISM. 

[Oommoroo, &o.] 

ABTICLE XVII. 

Disputes beiiaeen Chinese and Italian Subjects Consular Juris* 

diction, 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XVII.] 

ARTICLE XVIII. 

Protection of Italian Subjects arid Property. Punishment for 

n€(jlect of duty, 

[Similar to Denmark, No. 25, with following clause introduced 
after ** insulto o violenza " in the Italian version.] 

Queste autorita non ]M)tmnno, in nessuna circonstanza, porre 
fmlnirijo sulle navi Italieni, nu col pi re in requisizioni per qualsiasi 
servizio jiubblico o privato. 

ARTICLE XIX. 

Pretention of Piracy and Bobltery, Punishment for neglect of duty. 
[Similar to Denmark, No. 25. Art. XIX.] 

ARTICLE XX. 

Wrecks, ^'c. Protection and assistance to Creia. 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XX.] 

ARTICLE XXL 

Italian Commerce not to be restricted in case of War between China 

and anotlur Power. Blockades, 

[Same as France, No. 27, Art XXXI.] 

ARTICLE XXIL 
Surrender of Criminals and Deserters, 
[§ 1. Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXIL] 
[§ 2. Same as France. No. 27, Art XXX I L] 

ARTICLE XXIIL 

Chinese and Italian Debtors. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art. XXIL] 

235 



Oct 20, 18G6.] CUINA AKD ITALY. [Ho. 88. 

[Oomm«ro#, Ao.] 

ARTICLE XXIV. 

Import and Export Duius. Aftx^'/avourfJ-nation Treatt/uni. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6. Art XXIV.] 

Ini})orts and Ex}>oris to pay Duty according to Tariff. 
[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art. XXV.] 

ARTICLE XXV. 
Import Duties dtu on Landituj ; and Exjxni Duiiei on Shipment of 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXV.] 

ARTICLE XXVL 
heviixon of Tariff, 

[Same as Great Britain. No. 6, Art. XXVII. with substitution of 

1H78 U\x 18t»S, ami a«i«iitit»n as follows] 

Qualora iH»i, ntn priini dmliri nnni, alrnna *l»»lle P<it4»nze che 
banno Trattati rolla (liiiia. |»n»'j>on«'H8e la revinione della tariRti i 
dc:Ji artici»li n»lativi al comtnt^nio, I'luilia avreblie diritto di pre- 
sentiire anch'essa le sue ))n>iK>^izioni. 

ARTICLE XXVIL 
Transit Dues. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art XXVIL] 
ARTICLE XXVIIL 

Tonntvj^ Da^A. Exrm}»tityns, 
[Same as (.treat Britain, No. 6, Art XXX] 

ARTICLE XXIX. 

Italian Vessels not harinff hrohn hi'JL\ and leaving %rithin 4ft kours. 

Hi 4 liitUe to Duti(t,<, 

[Same as Grvat Bril-iin, No. 6, Art XXX.] 

ARTICLE XXX. 

Boats used for conveyanee nf Merchandite, PoMStmgers^ 4^., free from 

Tniwvic D tit its, 

to 

[Similar to (Ireat Hriuin. No. 6. Art. XXXI.] 

AKTU LK XXXI. 
Ertetion of Lxijhthituus, />M<»y.», <xnd lirnfotu. 

(Same as Ureal liriluin. No. 6, Art. XXX 11] 



Mo. 38.] CHINA AND ITALY. [Oot. te, I860. 

[Oomm^roa, Ac] 

AltTICLE XXXIT. 

Duties to he paid to Bankers authorised by Chinese Oovemment. 

[SimUar to Denmark. No. 25. Art. XXXIL] 

AKTICLE XXXIII. 

Standard Weights and Measures to be delivered to Constds. 

[Same as Denmark, No. 25, Art. XXXIII.] 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 
Employment of Pilots, 

[§ 1 same as Great Briuiin, No. 6, Art XXXV, with following 

addition.] 

II diritto di pilotagj^o e le questioni relative ai piloti sono 
dctcTininatc da speciale Kegolamento, fatto di concerto dai Consoli 
di tutte le nazioni e dall* autoritu Chinese. 

ARTICLE XXXV. 

Custom- Ilotise Cuards, 

[Similar to Great BriUiin, No. 6, Art XXXVI.] 

ARTICLE XXXVL 

Di livery of Ships' Papers to Italian Consid. Penalties for neglect 
and giving false Manifest. 50 taels inserted instead of 500. 
Error corrected by a Royal Decree^ 23 October , 1868. 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXVIL] 

ARTICLE XXXVIL 

Discharge of Ship. PeiuxUy for discharging without permission. 

[Same as Great Briuin, No. 6. Jirt XXXVIIL] 

ARTICLE XXXVIIL 

Goods shipped or lamled vnthout Permits liable to Confiscation^ 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXXIX.] 

ARTICLE XXXIX. 

Permits necessary for trans-^ipment of Goods. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XL] 

237 



Oct. 2G, IJlCCJ CHINA AND ITALY. [Mo. 88. 

[Commerce, &c.] 

ARTICLE XL 

Ciriijicate of Puyuunt of Port Dues, 

[Sunic as Denmark, No. 25, Art. XI^] 

ARTICLE XLI. 

MiKlc of lerying ad valorem Ihdie*. 

[Same as CJrcat Hritain, No. 6, Art XLIL] 

ARTICLE XLIL 

Duties to he charged on Set Weight, Mode of lerying, 

[Similar to Great Hritain, No. 6. Art XLIII ] 

ARTICLE XLIIL 

lifdurtion of Duty on damaged (tootls, 
[Same as (Srcat Britiin. No. 6, Art. XLIV.] 

ARTICLE XLIV. 

Coasting Trade. Drairhicks, 

[Similar to Denmark, No. 25. Art XLIV.] 

ARTICLE XLV. 

Ile-exi>ortatiim of Go*>ds. 

[.^ame as Denmark, No. 25. Art. XLV. §§ 1 ami 2 ; with follow- 

in^ a<l«liti(in8, ait^-r § 2.J 

A voce tlollo :r<Mli»le di ritnrno. si jNitni ottonorc dalla ilo^na un 
ponm*.^*k> <li.sh.m*o dflle nifpi in fnin(-lii;^a di dirilto (mitn-shui* 
tan) valfVule jn-r alln* jH»rt«> della ChinjL 

[§ 4. Same as Denmaik. No. 25. Art XLV, § 3.] 

ARTirLi: XLVL 

Prerention nf Fmvd nnd SinvgjUng. 
[Same as Ciriat r»ritain, No. 6, Art XLV!.] 

ARTICLE XLV 1 1. 

Intereourse f^rlndden »/t/A Portt vtA open f-* Trade. VrKsttl and 

f'ti'jit Ha le t'> f\»rijii>''ttn'n. 

(Similar to Great r.iit.iin. No. 6, Art XLV 11 ] 

2;k> 



No. 3a.] CHINA AND ITALY. [Oct. 21, IW, 

[Oomm«ro«, Ao.] 

ARTICLE XLYIII. 

Smugyling. Cmfixaiion of Cargo, 

[Similar to Ureal Britain, No. 6, Art XLVIII.] 

AKTICLE XLIX. 
Penalties and Confiscatums to belong to Chinese Government. 
[Same aa (treat Britain, No. 6, Art XLIX.] 

ARTICLE L 

Official Corretpondence to be in Italian and Chinese, Treaty to be 

signed in Italian aiul Chines. 

[Same as Belgium, No. 21. Art VIIL] 

ARTICLE LL 

The word " Barbarian " not to be used in Chinese Official Correspond 

dence. 

[Similar to Great Britain, No, 6, Art, LI.] 

ARTICLE LIL 

Facilities to Italian Ships of IVar. 

[Same as Ui*eat Britain, No. 6, Art. LII ] 

ARTICLE LI 1 1. 

iteasitres to be ailopteil far prevention of Piracy. 

[Same as Great BriUiin, No. 6, Art. LIIL] 

ARTICLE LIV. 

ifost 'favoured -nation Treatment to Italian Government and 

Subjects. 

[§ 1 similar to Great Britain, No. 6. Art LIV, with following 

additioit] 

Similmento, se alcune delle Potcnze Euroi)ee facesse alia 
China i|nalche utile conce.«*sione, la quale non fosse pi-cgui«lice vole 
a^l'intoressi ilel (Jovemo o dei suo<liii Itiliani, il Govemo Je Sua 
KlaesUi il 116 farebbe ogni sforzo per aderirvL 

ARTICLE LV. 
Batif cat ions. 
Tlie Ratifications of the pres4*nt Treaty on the part of H.M. the 

2ay k 



Sept. 18, 1871.] CHINA AND JAPAN. [No. 30. 

[Ooznxneroo, &o.] 

King of Italy and of H.M. the Emperor of China shall be respec- 
tively exchanged at Shanghai or at Tientsin within the space of 
one vear from the date of ivS sij^natiire. 

In faith of which the Plenipotentiaries have signed the present 
Treaty and have affixed to it their arms. 

Done at Pekin, in duplicate, the 26th October, 1866 : the 10th 
day of the 9th month of the 5th year of the reign of Tong-Tche. 

(L.S.) V. ARMINJON. 

(L.S.) THAN. 

(L.S.) TSONG. 

[Here follow Commercial Regulations, similar to Great Britain, 

No. 6.] 



k. 



(No. 39.) TREATY of Piace, Commerce, and Jiavigatioit 
between China atid Japan, 13 Septevihcr^ 1871.* 

[Translation from the Chinese.] 

Signed, in the Chinese and Japanese Languages, at Tientsin, 13th 

September, 1871. 

Ratified by the Emperor of China, September, 1871. 

Ratified by the Mikado of Japan, with modifications,! 

] St November, 1871. 

The Empire of China and the Empire of Japan having been on 
terms of friendship for a long period of years, now desire by common 
action to cement their ancient relations, and to make the intercourse 
subsisting between the two countries more close. 

To this end Li. by Imperial appointment, Plenipotentiary 
Minister of the Empire of China for the matiagement of com- 
mercial affairs. Senior Guardian of tlie Heir Apparent, Assistant 
Grand Secretary, President of the Board of War, Governor-General 
of the Province of Chih Li, and invested with the first degree of 
the third order of nobility ; and Itft, Minister Plenipotentiary of 
the Empire of Japan, &o., &c. ; each acting in obedience to the 
Decrees of their respective Sovereigns, have conferred together, 
Huil have agreed to articles for the reconstruction of relations; to 
the end that they may be observed with good faith on both sides 
in perpetuity. 

The Articles agreed upon are as follows : — 

• The date giren to this Treaty in the " State Papers " is 1872, and the language 
of it, differs from this yersion. See Vol. 62, p. 321. 

t See Articles II and XI. It was also stipulated, on th«J ratification of the Treaty 
by the Mikado of Japan, that its commercial clauses should be held subject to 
modification on any future revision of the Treaties between Japan and the 
European Powcrei. 

240 



Ho. 30.] CHINA AND JAPAN. [Sept. 13, 1871. 

[Oomm«ro«, 4ko.] 

ARTICLE !.• 

Peace ami FrierulMp, 

Relations of amity shall henoeforth be niaintaineil in redoubled 
force between China and Japan, in measure as boundless as the 
heaven and the earth. In all that regards the territorial iK>Ases8ionA 
of either country the two (Jovernments shall treat each other with 
projjer court4^y, without the slighte.st infringement or encroachment 
nn either side, t^) the end that there may be for evermore i)eace 
l>c'tween them undisturlied. 

ARTICLE IL 
Muiuul Assuitu)ue ; or Mediatxoiu 

Friendly intercourse thus existing l)etween the two Govern- 
ments, it is the duty of each to symi)athise with the other, and in 
the event of any other natitm actin*^ unjustly or treating either of 
the two Towers with contempt, on notice l)eing given [by the one 
to the other], mutual assistance shall )>e rendered, or mediation 
ofleied for the arranicement of the difficiUty, in fulfilment of the 
duty imjMJsed by ntlations of friendship. 

ARTICLE II L 
Iiuh'ltfiulent AdminUtnitive Systeuu Enforcement of ilu Laws, 

The system of (iovernment and the {HJiial enactments of the 
two Covernmenta being different from each other, each shall bo 
allowed to act in entire indei>endence. There shall be no inter- 
f entice offereil, nor shall i^juests for innovations be obtruded. 
Kiieh shall aid the other in enforcement (»f the laws, nor shall 
either allow its subjects to entice the people of the other country 
to commit acts in violation of the laws, 

ARTICLE IV. 
Ilesidence of Amhasmdors at Prkinff and Jrddn. 

It will U* comiKJtent f^r either Government to send Plenipo- 
teniiarv Ministers with their families and suites, to reside in the 
lapilal of the other, either iKjrmanently or fnun time to time. 
Their travelling expenses as they pass thnmgh the country will be 
ih^fniyeil by themselves. In the matter of their hiring gnmnd or 
buildings to 8er>'e as legations; c»f the jxi.ssage of their baggage to 
and fro ; of the conveyance of their correspondence by sjtecial 

* Thia AH'u'\e wm rxc:uded from niti6i*mtion bj the Mikatio of Japan, on the 
grouiul uf iu bring unnecMHirT, all nredful obligiticnA in re»p«Krt of the rnatters 
to which it rvUUeii being cmbrmcetl within tlie orUiuarj pruvittiout of intematiuOAl 
Uw. 

241 B 2 



8^pt!», 1871] CHINA AND JAPAN. [Mo. 38. 

[CommMTC*, Ac] 

coiiiicrs, and tlie likt% due assi^stance bliall l^ rendered on either 
side. 

AKTKLE V. 

Altliou;;1i iln» fiin<*tion:m«*s of tin* two Oovemmentfl have fitM 
pni«l«*s, tliH nattin* of the otiirrs ninfi-rrtil an* tliiren»nt on either 
«iih». OHifiTs nf tNpiivahMit mnk will nn^et and corrf>*|»ond with 
eai-h oth«T on a f«M>tin^' of ^Hiuality. Wlien an otlirer visits a 
snjM'ri<ir. lh«' iiit«*i««»ui^«' lni\vrfii tht in will I h* such its i« |»re«rrilied 
hy tli«* rights 4»t ht>H|iit*ility. For tlic tr.in>a<'tion of |iulilir hn.Hiiiertrt, 
th«* nttiriiils nf tliu tw«i niuntrit*^ will addre^vs ('nniinuni<*ati(m.H li> 
otti<-frs «if tlifir nuii r.mk. wli«i will p'|M.rt in !nrn to his sujierior. 
Tii«*v will n«»t addn-^s tin* ^ii|H«ri«»r othr<» dire»'t!v. In visits. ranU 
with th«* oth«*ial lilh' of ihr vi>itor >hall U* sent on eithiT **ide. 
All officials st-nt «»n tlif jMft "f fiihrr <fMvennn<*nl to the «»thtrr 
nhall )»n»<«*nt for in>)H'<'tiMii a It'tti'r Usirin^ an otticial 3tani]», iu 
ordi-r to ;;naril aj^ainst f.iN»* i«ei>onatinn. 

Airrn i.K vi. 

In ofVii'ial n»m'Spo!id«fi<---. ( iiina will ii^i* th«» < 'liines** lani;nat;o, 
auil .lti|Kin will cither u^i- \\\*- *\A\*.i\\%'^v lan;:iia;^i* ai*('i»ni|iaiii(*«| l>y 
a rhirifM* viT>ion, or a t'lini*-Hf vlt^pmi ali»n<', a.-* may U? fouiiil <»n 

hel side J»rrtenihlf. 

AKTiri.E VII. 

K?i»-ndly int^n our-'i' !i.i\Iii„' U^-n »'*taMi>h«-*l Utw»i.ii the two 
(oi\* i!itnt-tiis. it udl i>«h..\.' tinm Im>i1i to ap|Miint ri-rtain \**\\s mi 
till* Mvtlioaid \«lii«h tiii-ir ni«rh.inl^ \%ill U* anthnri*««-4l to tii*<(U«'nt 
(••r |»ui|Ni>*i-» Mt tMtl«\ .iisM to la\ down. M-j»iir.it#dy, n^'nlalion^ itf 
tni'Ir. that tl.»*:r re-i^i ti\..* nirrr.tntd«' < oiniitunitH'jt inav al'i«le l»v 
in jMijHiiuty. 

AIMKKK VIII. 

ml J % 

At tl;*' j-'Fls aj'iNaiii.-d in tin- tniitoty nf fithcr <io\frn!'U'»it, 

i' Mdl !■•' • oni{*«*t4 lit f'lr th«'*'t}t*-i to<«!.tti<>n <'««ii>iiU r>r thi* ii'i.t|i4 

(if it.<H own iiitrvh.int t ••miiiunitv. All ^•iiit'^ in %\lii<h riit > aho 

(''•ii^^uls ii.ttiojiid^t ari- tht* only |.irlh"». tht- iM.ilt«-r in •ii'-iiut^* 

ln'inj niont'V or I'rojN'itv. it will l.dl to tht- ( ••n^'u! to adjuiut^ata 

a«''ordin;j li» th** law ••! \\\^ .iwn ^tat*' In nii\*-«l '•nit-*, thf ;'hiint 

ha\in^ nei'n laid l^ehue the i^'of^ul, i^i' MJil t-ndt-.tvour. in the tirsi 

•» I •» 



No, 39.] CHINTA AND JAPAN. [Srpt. 18. 1871. 

[OoiBm«ro«, Jto.] 

instiinre, to prevent litic^^tion by friendly counsel. If this l)e not 
possible, lie will wriUi olticially to llie loral authority, nncl in 
rniicert with him will fairly trylhe vast" and «li»cide it. Where act.i 
of theft or roblHTV an» Cdinuiitted, and win-re dfhlors absrcaid, the 
local authoritirs can du no more than make scai*ch for and ajijire- 
h«Mid the j^uiliy parties. They shall not \m held liable to make 
coui])endation. 

AKTICLK IX. 
Jurmlidion of Load Auihoritirn inhere thrre m no CorvniL 

At any of the jKirts apj)ointed, at which no Consul shall have 
l)een stationed, the control and care of the traders resortin<{ thither 
shall <levolve on the local authorities. In the case of the commis- 
sion of any act of crime, the guilty party shall be apprehendetl, 
and the p.irticulars of his offence communicated to the Consul at 
the nearest i>ort, by whom he shall be tried and punished according 
to law. 

ARTICLE X. 

Engmjement of Natives as Servo nts. Arrest and Puniiihment of 

Uelinqvents. 

At the i>ort5 named in either country, the officials and people 
of the other shall be at liljerty to en^jja^e natives for ser\ice, or as 
artisiins, or to attend to commercial business. The persons so 
fn;;ai;ed shall Ik* kept in onler by the persons so engai^n^ them, 
who shall not allow them to j)er|H?tnite arts of fmud under any 
pivtext. Still less shall he give rise to cause of complaint by 
^ivini: et^r to statements advanced fnuii illicit motives. In the 
case of any oflence being committed by any j)er8on employed in 
the manner a)N»ve meutiomHi. the local authority shall be at Iil>eity 
to appri'heml and punish the deliniiuent. The employer shall not 
favour or protect him. 

ARTICLE XL 

RisithiifA at Pi/rts not to hrnr .irms, to .^iihmit fofoyi.wior authority, 
fH'f to ariirpt Cadumf of th*' rottntn/, lutr obtain Load Bfjistra- 
titni and compfir at Lo*'*d Kj^tmiiuitimis, 

Whereas it is the duty (»f the subjects of either Power residing 
at the \)ons declared o[H»n in either country Ui live on friendly 
t4*rms with the native inhabitants, it is ]»ruvided that they shall 
not Ik* allowtnl t(» wear anns. Infraction of this rule will l»e 
j»nnishabh» by a tine, accompanied by the confiscati'>n of Hit* arms.* 
Resi«lenth as aforesaid shall attend jK'juvably to their own av(X!a- 
tioiis. and whether residing permanently or for the time iKiing at a 
|»ort. they shall submit Xa\ the authority of their Consul. They 
shall not Ik* allowed to ad(»pt the costume of the country in which 

* Th«> nitifirati«>n of tUrte rUutet, rrl:iting to tho wrftring of arm*, «ft4 reftiMd 
hj the Mik»4u uf Jmpiui. 

243 



8n»t. 13, IbTl.] CHINA AND JATAV. [Mo. 30 

[ Coiiuii«rc«, Ac. J 

th<*v iimv n»»<itlt*. iior t«> o' tain l«»*al ri-i:i«Jtmtion and ccimpote Bt iho 
lilerary t^xainiiiatiiMi-^ : It-t »ii-»'nlii aiiil cuiifusion U' iinKliKfil. 

Ainu'U-: XII. 

Ertnitlitifn I'/' Fftifttin- Criininnh. 

If aiiv siiM«»i*t of t»it!i»»r I'owit. liaviiiLT violati»*l the law «»f liin 
own rouiitrv, stNTfio lii!n<i.*lt' in aiiv otHcial l»nililin<;, in<*rrliant 
\vwi»l or waiv!ioujk» of the oth«T state, or t»sra|Hr to any |ihio» in 
tht* t«*ri-il4»iy of the othi*r. an ottiei.il a|>pli(*:iti4»n U*in*4 niaile hy the 
Hiithority ijf thi* •it,it»» ot whi-li '•U'-h oHimpUt is a !*uhji*<'t to the 
ftulhorilv of tlit» oili.T. thi* l.itt* r nhall iinnifiHatelv tjike steim lor 
the ari-ertt of the ofTfUiltT. with«Mit show of favour. Whilst in 
ensti^ly. h** sliall lie {ir^ivntetl with fotni and rlothin^. anil Almll n(»t 

U* Sllhjei'toil t«» ill-ns:i;;e. 

AKTirLK XIII. 

Ci'inn'iur^^ r» .*/<'/ /1 7 i;tjtfitr* mn/ h* <l'iiti in thf art, Int^t/in/ d* 'v 
/<*/'/ /'// (\»ii.<nl 'tn*I Li0til Avthtiritij /< •/<•//*• /*, ttwi hi/ Iah'iiI 
Ait'fotrif'f in tit* Int»'ri"i\ 

If an\ sul»i»i*t nf t-jihiT I'i»wi'r ei»nn«»<*t Iiinisi*|f at anv of tln^ 
ojuMi jKiilM with lawl»'«is i»fr.inl'T*i for |»nrjwN -s of roMnMV or «»t!i«T 
\vronv:«|i»inji. oi if any w.irk his way inl*> llie niterior an«l roniinit. 
aei-i of in'-tMnhaii-^ni. niunler. or ioMh'iv, mtive iiH*:i'>ures f.»r hi** 
ap|i:eh«*n-ioii sliall U» tak n hy th»* |»rii[»iT authority, ainl iHrtitv 
hhall at th«* sjime limf U* u'ivimi wiihtMii ilrl.iy to thf <*iiiisnl .»f the 
olftMnler's n.iti<»nahtv. Anv o!h*n»li'r wht» Au\\\ ventnn* with 
wraji'Mis nf a inunleroiin niUiin* to n'^^i^t ra|>tnri' may U* slain in 
the art withiMit fatthfr e«in^'»jii»ii'''s ; hut the rin-iini<.tani»*s wliirh 
have \vA to hi'^ lif«- U*itiu' thiM lak*'n ^liall In- in\«*sti.::itfi! at an 
in<|U«*st whii'h will U* h«'l«l hy tht* (*'*!i^iil aiiil thi* lot.il .iuth*>ritv 
to-4i»ih«'r. Iti tht' ••vt'nt oi th*- m'urrtMi'e tiknu' |»!ai i* in tlie 
inl*'rior. «!•» far fn»ni lh<* jnir: that tht* < 'on>nl iann«»t anive in time 
for the iii<|Ue>t, the liM-al authority hhall coniniunieattf a rei*i»rt i»f 
ihr faeis of th«* lam* ti» the ('tinsiil. 

Wlirn air<"«te*l an^l hn»u;:hi up for tri.il. tin* ofren«h*r. if at a 
|»i»it. >hill U* tii'«l hy th»' 1«km1 autii«inlv ntiii th** ron-^ul t*%:ellier. 
Ill tiic iii'i-U'*! lit- <»hall U' triiil .tiiii (If.ill uitli hv the |inm| 
iiuth«=:it\. NviiM will wth- mIIv rt>ni:uuiii< atv the ta> ts of the cafM: to 
l!ie i '••n'-:il. 

If ^u^ift" of litlit-r I*ii\v.'r ^Vall a<i'»»tul«l»' to the nufiiUT of 10 
\'X ni'»i»' t«i I'Mii'iii ■!>itMlti afei ••'Miiiiit ••xi'."»s#*h m ih** «iitiiiinioiiH 
of 'h*' ••'h'-r. ••r -1 .ill i!elM«'»* •^nl-vit'* "f tie- oth»-r tieifin U* e.»n- 
H;i. V til tlit:i; f««r th*- •li-in.: "f nijri\ Im the oilur T^Wfr. the 
aiith'i :tii - ft thf 1. *!!»•! '•'i lii U- *:•••• ••? on. #• t«« ««n"»t th»'in If iit 

11 |-n!, liitir </«'!i^>iI '^lull U' ::iri.:iii«-<l in Mnhr th.it lie nuiy take 
lut 111 tl!»':t ti'.t' It Ml tli»* 1!jT»t!i»? t!if liM mI auli;<>ntv >halI(hilT 
try tht'iii. aii'l sh.ill ••l!i« i.illv •■.•!:. inuii.ral** iMrthular- t«« lie- < 'on- 
Mil. In ritht-r • as" i-.i) ,tai pii!ii<*hiii**nt bhall lie inthcted ut tho 
M tii» «»l llie o»innii'»'^i«»n **{ lh«* o!!»«ii« e. 

-J44 



No. 39.] CHINA AND JAPAN. [8i|»t 13, 1871. 

AKTICLE XIV. 

Freedom to Shipn of War to enttr (>j>en PortA and Jiivers, and other 

Ports if driren by strex^ of treat hrr. 

Vessels of war of either Power sliall Iki at liberty to frequent 
the |»ort8 of the other for the protection of the 8uhjt*ets of their 
own rountry, but they shall in no cast* enter ports not declare*! 
open by Tn»aty, nor rivers, lakes, an<l streams in the interior. Any 
vesst'ls infiin;rin«; this rule shall \h' ))hu'e<l under embargo ami 
fnu*il. This stipulation shall not, however, u]>ply t*) vessels drivua 
into jHjrt by stress of weather. 

AUTICLE XV. 

In case of War with another Povrr, Port^ may Ik closed and Trade 

Sif.ypt'ndcd. 

If either State of the two slH)uld be involved in war with any 
other Power, measun^s for the th^ft^nce of the coast lieiug thereby 
entailed, on notice Iwnnj^^ given, tia<le shall lie suspended for the 
time l>eing, t<»gether with the entry and departure of ships, le^t 
injury befall them. Japanese subjects onlimirily established iQ 
the ap|)ointed ports of China, or being in the seas adjoining China, 
and Chinese subjects ordinarily establislied at the oi>en i>ort8 of 
Japan, or l)eing in the seas adjoining thereunto, shall not l)e |)er- 
mitted to engage in collisitms with the sulijects of a hostile j)OWer, 
or to attack and plunder them. 

AKTICLE XVI. 

Consuls prohihifed from tradinq or artiny as Cons^dsfur Xun-Treaty 

Pnirers. Recall of ConsuUfor misconduct, 

Xo Consul of either Power shall l>e allowc<l to tnide. or to act 
as Consul for a Power ni.t in Tn*atv relations with the other. In 
the C4ise of any Consul so aeting as to nnder hiniHelf generally 
unatceptal»le, on sidntantial |»nM»t' to this effect being pnnluc'Ml, it 
shall 1m» comixHent tor the (Hivernment interested to comnuinicate 
(»ttirially with the Minister Plcnipoti'ntiary, uh<», when he shall 
have aseertained tlie truth, shall remove the C<»nsul, in order that 
the t'iiendlv relations of the two (lovenuuents inav not suffer 
detriment thnmgh the niisc<»nduct r»f a single individual. 

AKTICLE XVII. 

Use of Flay of one Country by Vessels of the other prohibited u}idcr 

pain of riaijLi/^otion. 

Tlio flairs carried bv the vessels of either eountrv are of a 
fixetl de*«iL'n. If a vess4d of eitlu*r, having falsidv assumed the 
cohmrs of the other, shall do that which is contrary to law, tiie 
vesmd and gixnls shall Im* contjseated, and if it appear tliat the 
fals4.' crdonrs wen» given by an ottieial, he shall be <lenounced and 
riMuoved from his |Midt. 

24:> 



8«rpt 13. 1S71.] CHINA ANI> JAPAN [Mo. 38. 

[Comm^rc*, Ao. ] 

Ft'ff pHrrhttjyt- nf Bi^^s. 

Tli»» sul»j«'<'t?< of t'iihiT <'ninitry sli.ill lie at lilierty !<"» purclia<« 
the iHM.k-i I'f ih«j olhur, irdc'%iri»iis of stu«lyiii<:j iu liU*Mture. 

ARTICLE XVHI. 

Exarutnm *fj Trrnty. 

The fon^Lroin'^ Arti*'lt\s an* auroo<l to bv the two contmctiiii; 
IV>wers ill nnliT to iIm» |»n»Vf?ilion of ini^iiiitletNtJiiKlin;;. t<i the en I 
that |nm'Ii*i'1 rniifi«iiii<*t' an. I iiii{iiiiv<M| n^hitioriA may jiiilisi^it In** 
tuvtMi \\\v\\\. Ill t»-iiiiii my \vh»T»' »f th«» MiiintMrs rieiii{M>t45iitiurv 
of tht» two <N»iitracli?iur r«»wi'i--i «lo now a«'4'iinlin;;ly si;^ii an«l allix 
their *»o;il'i hfii'to. S«i sikhi as tin* |»n*s"nt Tn'Hty sliall have Inf^jn 
iM!iti«»-l l»y th«*ir rf^|»«H»tiv»* S«»Vfn»i;4Tw. an I nitititnl ropieii of it ex- 
('hani:i'«l. it shall U* {irintiil an«l puMish***!, an«l cin*nhit4Hl thn>u;;h- 
out ihf ijoiiiinions f»f fith«»r I*o\Vfr. for the iiifortnation of tin* snl>- 
j.'.t^ of Uitli iM»tnitri»»s. t<» ili«» iMi«l that tln?n» may be a ;;u<kI 
un«l'*r*taii Vnvz h'*twiM'n iIhmm f«»r »'v«»nnnn*. 

I>it«'«l thf 2'»th «l >y of tin* 7th in«»-»n of the 10th year of T*uni? 
('Ill', i'orre'<|M.!iihii^ to tli»* 4th V'-ar of Mi»i M a(X*«»nliii;; to the 
Jajuincw reckoniii'^ (13t!i SfptcniU'r, ISTiy. 

(LS) LI Hrxc;-cHAXu. 

(LS.) ITA 



TRAI»r. UKUfLATIONa. 

AKTULK I. 

M^rrhants al/'yiml ^> tnt^U m (>pfn Ports. 

On the ratifi<Mti<»n <»f the Tn^atv for the cultivation of amitr. 
the nitTcantik* |N*4»|»le of tht* two count rieji filiall have access lor 
trade to aiul from the [lorU to lie (k*.4ignat<)d for tliat purpose. 

ai:ticlk II 

The i»'>rt** ih»<iu'nai*'<l l»y China for rommorcial inten^nr^ 
art» : -Shauvrhai. Ktaok; Su Tr-Viuce. Sun^'kntn^ lH*partnient, 
Si.aiu'-»ii I*i-tri''t: Cliinkianj. Kun:^ Sn rn»Ninre, <*liinkian<{ 
l>''|i.ii.ii:« lit. rant«: l>i^?ri»'t; Nini:j-», chr Kian;: rn»vin«H.% Niniqio 
l>#'j.ar;ii.'hi. Nnu' lh^lii«l. Kiukiin:;. Kiatii; >i rn>vince, Kiu- 
kii!J:: hfpiitiiifiit. IVljw.i Ihstri-l; Hankow. Hu I'ei l*r(»vmce» 
Il.tit\atij !>« ('artitp-nt. II iiiN.ui;: hL>tiii*t; Tit'ntJiin. (*hih Ij Tn^- 
\ in-f. Ti'-Mt-'in i»«p.fri:ii«'iit. Tu-nt-in I>>tn<t; Ne\*ch wan;;. Feng 
Thu rr'»vin<«-, FiMi;,' 'ri»-n l>«|*;irtni**ht. nai<*h«*n^ I>i>trict ; Chefoo, 
Miaji Tuii^ I'tovihvt'. T*'ii;^rh">% h**parti:icut. Fu Slum Ihstrici; 

l'4t} 



No. 39.] CHfXA AND JATAX. [3*^pt. 13. 1871. 

[Oomsi«ro«, ^tc.] 

Canton. Kuan^ Tunpj Province, Kuangchow Tepartnient, Nanhai 
District; Swatow, Kuang Tung Province, Chaochow Department, 
Cliaoyanj' District ; Kiung<:h(*w, Kuani^ Tung Province, Kiung- 
chow Dejmrtincnt, Kiungslian District : Foochow, Fuh Kien 
Province. Fo(>clu>w Department, M in District; Amoy, Full Kien 
Province, Cliuanch«>w Department. Hsiumcn District; Taiwan, 
Fuh Kien Province, Taiwan Department, Taiwan District; Tanisui 
Full Kien Province, Taiwan Department, Tanisui District. 

Japant'sf Purta i^KU to irtule. 

The ports designated by Japan for commercial intercourse are 
Yokohama, in the Departuient of K'>cudo, lYoWnce of Moroachi, 
under (rovernment (»f Kanag:\wa ; Hakodadi, Iloccaido Depart- 
ment, Atictori Pn)vincc, C'artaconchi (Government; Osaka, Kinnai 
l)epartment, Svtschan Trovince, Osaki (lovemmmt; Hiogo, 
Kalikinai Departmrnt, Sctschan PrclVince, Hiogo (lovernment; 
Neegata, Hokaimcando Department. Necgata (Jovernment; Pezo. 
Hokaimcando Department, Sadochan Pi*ovince, Sago Govcmnieut, 
under Neegata. 

Liberty to rent lAiml /(rr crtrflon of HiniAes. 

Orticials and merchants of both countries mav rent land at the 
open |M)rts, acconling to th<» hx^al custom of each i)lace. 

The local magistrate shall see that no harm accnies to geomancy 
or tombs, and to ascerUiin if proprictoi's of land sliiill give their 
constuit, and that the piii-e is e«piit4il)li». In making a deed, the 
local officer shall attix hi"^ seal ihereU; as evidence. There shall 
Ikj no clandestine or forcible renting. In the interior, and at the 
jMirts not o\¥dn for trade, there shall Ik* no renting of land, nor 
hiring of houses. At the o|)en jK>rt*s. land may l>e rented for the 
Hubs<*«juent erection of houst^s either for residence or business. The 
local ullicers shall arrange for convenient sites. 

ARTICLE III. 

Ships Rffjistrr to he driiremi to Consular Custom-house Officer. 

Mfnhant vesijels of the two countries trailing at the open ports 
must l»e providetl with registers from their respective Customs or 
otiier otticials, giving the vesstd's measurement, tonnage, nameft, 
ages ami n*sidencea of crew, whi<!h is Xa) Ikj w*aled and delivered to 
th« ('(msul or Custom-house for examination; ve8S4*ls unprovi<led 
wiiii ntgislers shall not Ikj allowed to enter. In the event of a 
n*gist4?r iK-Miig lost, the fact shall be conimuniciited to the Custom- 
house otlicials. who shall give a certificate, when the veasel may 
return to gut another register. 

AirncLE IV. 

Cnsiom-houM GunriU. 

To uierchant vessels of either country arriving at a port of the 

247 



Spt. 13, 1H71] CHIVA AND JAPAN. [Mo. 38. 



ullier, civil and militan- oHiror^ mIijiII \)o appointod, with ninnen 
and ftoldiem, :i5i a unanl. ti» Ih* *ttati<»iitMl either on htiani the veflAelsi 
or in a Custoni-hniisi* Uisit, as may lie ci»nv<*nient, their ex|ienfiea 
U^n;' lM)riu* \tv the <*ustoins: tlicv shall not demand monev of the 
meri'hant vessi'l, untler |»enalt y of {ainishnicnt. 

AIITK'LE V. 
PrnnltUs fur 7Un\-prt»ili*ction of Regis/ ern. 

Tin* v«vHs««ls of the tw»» eMuntries, c»n entering; the port of either, 
8httll withtn line tiavhavr thtir n-i^iMers delivere*! hv their nianteiH 
to tlie <*oiisuI. and on tii»* >(''*.»nd t lay. for thy inH|K.Hrtion of the 
CuMtdnis, the ve.sHi'I's name, t(>nii:t;^'i*. and car^fo list. If the linnl 

of two davs l»e e\i tit'd (Snndav^ are exce|»t<tl. and the dav 

rt*ekoned at L'4 hours) without rt)Nirtin<4 t** the ruHUima, u hue 
BJiall Ik' enforiMMJ in r}iina#f not Irss thati .'»0 taeU nor more than 
200 ; in .lajan, a |H'nalty of \\\\ dt hilars |n*r «lii*m. The Rhi|i*M 
nianif(*>t mu'^t a<'eurat«']y ai'mrd \*itli tlie rap^» ; if false entries or 
oiui>sioiiN U* ilirM*iiVfn'd in ( hina, th** ;:imm1s !*hall U* confini'^iteiL 
an ' tlie raptain \\\\*'*\ 'hmi taf^*< : in dajijiti. omiHsinim nhall incur a 
tint* tH|uivalent t« the duty. an>i fi»r falsi* entries the tine fihall )»e 
127) dollar*. 

AKTKLK VI. 
ArtirUs fur Ships uu to /« /V^/. Artirlt* intrfulitcnl htf Frami to 

lU'^iides tlie ^hmU namt^l in the manifests «»f vciweU of the t^o 
conntrifs \ihi<h arv sul»j«i't to «lutv, thev iiiav nirrv ne^-t-K-^irv 
aitides for ?*hip*s ns*\ wlni h .nhall U* «*x«'iiipt fr«»ia «lnty, l»ut if 
ihe.M- aiv >«»lil. dut\ .-hall i-** i-x.!' t«d. .\iti« l*-.-* mIiU'Ii are sul»jf« t 
to diitv and fraudulently in'«eile«i m llie mantfestt u.h exempt, i»liall 

Ainu LK vii. 

PfnaltifM fnr rfreir\n*j nr ih.-^hnrjivtj (*nrgn xrithitut Pfrmii, 

t)n the receipt "f tie* < '• npsir** d«-pat« h. th»' manifi*fit shall l»o 
examin***!. If lie- r;ij.!,»:!j pM-^ni*** !»• l.iiid tiip^»i» U*fiin* the 
nmniti**«t has U'tii f\aniin»-<i. Ii** ^h.Ji. in < l.itm, U* amen^vnl filMi 
taeN. and th«* i^in^Is U* r«»ii! •»- a:«"l , in Jai^n thr ^'«hm1h hlmll lie 
ri»nti'»i*iil«'d M«*n'l«ant vih* U i- •;\:iii: «»r d •.■«<' ha r^iin; c^ipjo, 
\\tth"Ut a ^'u^t«•nl^' |-*rrn:t ^h il h i\«- tl.«ir 'ji-uls c*intifii ;it«*<l. and 
p»i»il.«i ti«iii>liiiMN*il U<fi>rr ll;«- ]-«r;<.:t i.-i- l««-i-n a«'e>ird«'«l **hall in 
< hiiia U* t'iinti.'9cuteii, and in *I.i| .i:t t!.*. «<tli iii|«-r hhall bv tineil 
tiO »i"Har-* 

AKTHM; VIII. 

Th*' due-i leviaMv on th<> ve^^'N of the two ceiintne* shall l<e 

248 



Mo. 39.1 CIIIVA AXn JAPAX. [Sopt. is, 1871. 

[OomnMTO*, Mo.] 

paid, on imports when cargo is broken, on exports wlien gooils aro 
rt^ceive<l on Ixmnl, and on settlement the Customs shall give a port- 
clearance to the Consul, which, when delivered to the captain, 
shall allow him to de})art. 

ARTICLE IX. 
Liherty to hire Coolies ami Boats, Smugglers to he prosecuttd^ 

Merchants of the two countries at the o{)en ports of the other 
mny hire coolies and lioats for transhipping cargo, and settle the 
j)rice for the same without official interference, nor shall the 
numl)er of coolies or l)oat8 so engaged Ik; limited. If snmggling 
be attempted through these, the Customs guard shall report 
thereon, that the guilty may be prosecuted. 

AKTICLE X. 

Weight of Goods, Damaged Goods to pay 5 per cent, ad valorem 

duty. 

Merchants of the two countries, in reckoning tare weight, shall 
take specimens, two or thrw, as an average of the rest. Damaged 
g«KMls are not to he reckontnl like ordinary goods, but be subject to 
an ad valorem duty of 5 per cent 

AKTICLE XL 

Chinese Sliijts in Japan subject to Local Hegulatiom, and Japanese 
Shiifti in China to Customs Jifgulations, Weights and Measures, 

Merchant goinls from Chinese ships in JajHin shall be subject 
to Kk'uI ngulations; the goods f>f Jajwmese vessels in China shall 
ln» sul»j«*ct ti> the regulations of Chinese Customs, There shall be 
a (:orn*s|Kin<lence l»etween the measures an<l weights of the two 
CuHtnms. lUilli<»n is to lie taken at its value. Merchants of lx)th 
countries tloing business in the other shall conform to local regula- 
tions in these matters, and avoid disputation. 

ARTICLE XIL 

Limits at Open Ports \rithin %rhirh Gomls are to be discharged. Con- 

s\dar Passjtorts to Traders, 

Tlie two countries shall establish limits at the open ports 
within which go<xls are to be discharged, and duties paid, reference 
>K*ing had to mercantile convenience and to facilities for col- 
lecting dues. The intercourse of the traders of l>oth nations is 
to Ik» rontinueil na formerly, but Consular passports must, after 
due (examination, be obtained in order to avoid trouble and irregu- 
larities. 

249 



J5*|»l. 13, 1871] CHINA AND JAPAN. [Ko. 39. 

^ C<wiiinTO#p wo« J 

AKTK'I-E XIII. 

luUrntif Ti'wU tn U cnrritd on oniy by Satirts. 

Att»*r tin; sfttlriin'iit tor rhiiH*sf» ^jimhIs iiu|)ortiHl into Japan, 
til*' (liiiu'se nuiMT >li!ill not U" allowed to ^o into tlu» interior. 
On thr |>ayniriit of (Iuti«-^ on .la|>;in<*si' ^immIs in (*hinn. onlv 
diinaintMi shall taki* tli«in f«ir •^ulf in the intoric»r. wln^rn theVBluill 
Ih* ^<ul>itH't to tiaiisit <iutv at the l-Jirricrs. (icmkIs tiikt*n into th« 
int4 rior of <'hina !>y .l.!p.t!i«>«' ni**r<-hants shall Ym* confiscated, and 
the t>f]fn«Kr Ik; held ann li.iilt- t«» his (Nmsul. 

AirricLK XIV. 

Ciiunnirri il Tra/iMirhonA rf.^trictfd to Often PtfHs, 

M«'p'hants of ih.» t\\M «''»iintrit- in the tounirv of the other are 
allovw'd {a |iun h.isi* at ••|»»*ii ]'**r{< the )>nHlu(-t> of th»* |»lure, and 
the innMirt-j tit'iii ••tlni ihitiMUn. tin* i oH'^uI Ihih'J inf«»nned there- 
of: and. thitifs ]iai«l. may i'\|-irt the saine, hut lh*y an» not [vr- 
nultetl Ut jjo int" the int«r'.r t^r ]ninii,is:n;; ;:»mh1.h. (nicMls |»ur- 
cha.<*'d in the intehiif >hall !>*' • lutinf at«d. and th«* |»UM-haaer ahull 
Ih* handed <iV('r to l*e di.dt with hv hi.s ('i*n-*ul. Thiri and the 
fon'j^oin;; ruh* are eiuutt-tl Imimum' earli Slate h;!** tle>ij^'nate«l cer- 
tain jHifts to whirh coniuieii ial iiitertonr'H* is to U* re^stricted* 

AKTKLK XV 

Ihtf'ifs onre jtttul rj-cm/'t /n'tn iMi/ at othfr Ports. Goods suhsii^ 

titttii fn /#f nmfi'^cntfd. 

9 

When ;^fHMK ar»» iniiH.rti-l int-i m|.« u jMirt«< nn*! the dutie** jmi«l, 
and th«'ir tran^'hij-njent to ai!«'tl.er j-'il for .••ah* is desire«l, lh« 
Custom^ ^hall l>e llltorti.«d tli»rt ••!. and e\jden«e leili;^* fnrtiislieil 
for in'^jet tion at oth«T jh.h- thjit the ori;;inal jiwekitH, or caH**, 
have n«»t b«*en hn*ken. thiv >hall U- exemia frr»ni <lutv ; if other 
than the gcHKls reiin.'.**ented are .ntihstitutetl. they shall lie coiih»- 

AKTK I.K XVI. 
T' ' n nti'jr I>UiA ni < V. i ' . • .•*' / '■ * ' N. J'*»rt (. V< u rijrA t n Jnjvt n, 

Sl,ij»^' dues on Ja|ani -• \i-'.tl'. • : r'liii;; <'hin<-<H* |ii»rls shall 
l«c. "H ^ « --•■!»» >*{ 1 •"•" l«»n^ ..!:■; u; \\ •! -. !■ ur niin •• | •r ton. and li-r 
\e..si-I^ u: •!• 1 !.■•» fi'i.'. »•:.. i. .. j.: •■ ..n |<.t\iiitnt of uhi«|i 
X\,v < ii'-li'tn- ^hall i-*u«- a • • i:it'' ■••• _ • : I«t I"J:r nionlhn for anv 
4 hlh»'*>*' ♦'j4-n p»rt. 1 'X "!.«! 'A ?j.' ii lt..«'' !!•' -ann* ?at«' ln-eone*** 
i».i\aMe. Vi *•-•!•» «iileiin.* .1 '-rt .t* -i • • * .irt::i:; uiihni two <la\fl 
uirh"iil hp akin:: < afjo. "L.i'l »• • \» iiii ' li«»j|i t<«nn;e.'** due^. If 
delamt d ••\iT t\vi»«l.i\"« ti.« V -^li ili { iji 'i .•». fi;J no other ehar^'e 
(l.ii e***- \« ^•"•1* en!» rii :: .l.iinta* |-.i;- "hall |a}' onljr the l^ort 
ci.aif^ea , rntiy 15 d«'l!^is. dt|4inuri* 7 •lollar> 

250 



No. 39.] CHINA AND JAPAN. [8#pt. 18, 1871. 

[Ooiiim«ro«, Mc'] 

ARTICLE XVII. 

Exemption from Dues on Veaaeh entering Port under stress of 

weather or far JUpairs. 

Merchant ves-sels may enter the ports of each other's country, 
for purchase of needful supplies on 8hiplx)anl, and in stress of 
weather may transiently enU>r a port, but shall not trade nor the 
carj^o l>e bmken, or if trade l>e desired, the Customs shall Ik» in- 
formed and the duties setthnl first. If repairs are required, the 
pKxls may l)e landed on obtaining a Customs permit. On rom- 
pU'ting the repairs the j^oods are to Ini reshipped and exempt from 
duty ; if while in storage they are sold, they shall be confiscated. 

AUTICLK XVIII. 
Cmtjiscat i'tn of Contrahaiul Goo*h. 

Merchant vessels carrying contra1>and articles shall, in Oliina, 
subject the ^(hxIs to confiscation, an<l the vessel l>e sent away and 
notaijiain allowed to come t^) China for trade ; in Japan the contra- 
ban<l articles shall be confiscated. 



AKTICLE XIX. 
Prii^li'ijes to Vessels if War, 

Tlie war vessels of the two countries may enter the ports of 
th«» otiier without reporting; to the Customs, and articles neeiled by 
thrin shall be free of duty; if articles ai*e sold, they must pay 
duty. 

ARTICLE XX. 

Storiuje of GiHjds. 

Olfu'ial godowns may Ik? established in the open ports of each 
rounti y fi»r storage of g^xxls, and rules of storage ag^reed ujhju, the 
gtMMJ.s meainwhile Uiing exempt fiom duty. When gocnls are to bo 
.snld, duty and storage must l>e juiid, when they nmy l»e removed. 
If .-^int to another port, they must jKiy for storage, but be exempt 
fn»m duty. 

ARTK LE XXL 
£rjhyrt of Riee ffrohibited. Port to Port Trade in Rice permitted. 

Rice is not to \te tnins[)ort4»d from either <*ountry, but only 
fmm jHirt to jKirt. The amruitit <»f rice needed for use of crew 
hiiall Ih* rei»oried to the Customs, which shall grant a periuit for 
the same. 

251 



Si.pt 13. IhTl] CHINA AND JAPAN. [Ro. S9. 



xVRTK LE XXII. 

£j'jyo)i of Bra tt rake jtri th ih itai fn>m Tn ntj^hov n nd Xtwrk wa ng, 

hi(t not /rum of fur PorU o/ China. 

Jupaneso vi'sm^l.^ nni n«>l iill«»w«*«l to exjH»rt l»entiCAke from 
Tiiii«^cli«)W aiul Xfwcliwaii^'. I»ut they iimy do 8<i from other 
I^orla. 

AHTirLK XX III. 

Lirrncf necrsstirff tn (nnh- in Xifrr, Sulfthur, and UliiU Coj^ptr, 

hif( (Jitir tjTfHtrt is fn'ohihtUd. 

Xiln*, sulphur. an«l wliitf r»»|»piT. all lK*in;» iin)Nirtaiit artirlos 
of luitioiial usf. chilli U> iloalt in milv hv < liinrsv i»tti('ialH. 
Japani'Sf iratln-* may tratfir in tli«*iii hy <ihtaiiiiii«{ 4»t!i('ial litfus**; 
unli«tMis<Ml ^li-ah-r-i •*liall U* |iunislitM|, nn«I tlu*ir ^mmIs roiifist-attMl. 
Japani'so uu'nhant< in <1iina shall not In* alh»w«Ml to t'X|N)rt nitre, 
sulphur, <»r white c«>p|ht, unik-r i»enuliy of contiM-aitioii of gcMnls 
anil punisjihnient. 

Airnci.K XXIV. 

Tnulf in Ardiif-i CnntriO'*nul vf Wnr furhiddtn, 

Poudrr. Uill8. shot. ;^un<. pi^tnls. an«l all military implement^ 
as als<» < 'hin«M« Im'Ts^'s fn»m lK'\onil ih«f |»«t.vM'^. ami new artirh-s 
U*|i>n;;ing to war mateiial, are contra)uui4l. M^nhants of Uith 
eountiies are forhi<hh*ii to ileal in th«*ni. Th(»se mIio oltemi shall 
ha\i' their ^nnIs r(uihs4'ateil.an<l Ih.* otherwise dealt with ucconliug 
to the laws «>! their ies|H*clive eountrie?j. 

ai:th LK XXV. 

KxpKfrt nf (*opjn'r C*i'^ pr^'hif'itfd. J'tj'*in^,v n*d tn dtal in Chituse 

St it. J'ljMin Sit it jniJid'tOd. 

The rop|Hrr rash of litlirr e«iuntry may U» lninspi»rt«Hl fn«n one 
o|>i*n {fat to another, hut >hall not U* ('X|iorte«l fmni either eotin- 
trv ; mi'nhanL«i e1aii(h'**tin« Iv i>t)i'ii<lin«' a;^'ain«it this llule shall l>e 
nppP'lM lultMl. ('hint'M' "silt ^hall n<>t U* dvalt in hy Jaitam*^ 
m«'n haiits. Salt hhall ni>t U* .<^nt ftom 'lapan to rhina. (Uh'nden 
av;ain>t th('s«' KuK'> an* to lie puni-^Led a* ii'idin^ to the Liw$ uf 
thvir ie>J»«-t li\e iounliicH. 

Ainit LK XXVI. 

CV>#*/l<»*fi/f'*ii *-f ditf»an»'^' I '.v**'.* ti„ii itimmtA^ and t\n\fiArat\nn of 
t'hmrM h\*i»«iA, ami tturjut' Tnititu'j 411 A"/i-"y*ri4 l*int^, 

Ve-»>*'N iif filh«*r «*ouiitry tr.ilinc « !.iii-h"*Mn» ly at i»thi-r than 
thi* ojuMi \***x\> »»Im11 U- «M:/ti| |.y tin- l«.*-.«| autiiontif- ; in China 
the ve!»>el and ^immU shall L^.- ii>itti^< aUd, in «la{ian the ;^ood» shull 



•*-•> 
*•*« 



Mo. 39.3 CIIINA AND JAPAN. [Sept. 1.% 1871. 

[Comm«r««, *o.] 



be confiscated and a fine imposed of 1,000 dollars. Statements of 
such cases are to be made to Consuls, to be placed on record. 

ARTICLE XXVI r. 
Import and Export Duties, 

It is agreed between the two countries that articles not named 
in the list of exi)ort8. but enumerated in tlie list of iraj)orts, when 
ex|K»rted shall jMiy the amount of duty set aj:^ain8t them in the list 
of iin{)orts ; and in like manner, articles not named in the list of 
inii»orts, but euumenited in the list of exports, when iniiwirted shall 
pay the amount of duly set a^j^ainst lliem in the list of ex}>orts. 

AUTICLE XXVIII. 

Assistance to Crews of discihled Ships anil of Vessels attacked hy 

Pirates, 

If vessels of the two countries are disabled and make the ports 
of the other, the local officers shall afford relief to the crew and 
for wan! them to a Consul, or if attacked by pirates the local 
othoers shall endeavour to apprehend the pirates, and to recover 
auil restore booty, failing in wliich they shall be degraded, but no 
claim can be entertained for making losses good. 

ARTICLE XXIX. 

Pre rent ion of Snu/ggling, 

The Custom House officers of each country will adopt severe 
pn^'autiou to prevent smugj^ling, according to circumstances, and 
the n-^'ulations which they establish must be conformed to by 
tnuicrs. 

ARTICLE XXX. 

Changes in Customs Rules, 

MiTchants of either country at the ojkmi i>ort8 of the other, 
who d(*sire a change in Cust4>m8 rules, shall i>etition the Consul, 
wiio chilli rejKirt the matter to the Minister at Peking. 

ARTICLE XXXI. 
Trn Years Notice to he given of wish to modify Customs Rules, 

If tMther country should hereafter desire a modification of these 
Ruirs, notice thereof is to l>e given 10 years after the ratification 
ol the Treaty. 

ARTICLE XXXIL 

Maintenance of Trade Regulations and Tariff. 

The trade regulation lunl tariff agreed on U^ween the two 

2r»3 



Oct. 81, 1871] CHII^A AND JAPAN, [No. 40. 

[Island of Foxmoea. Oommeroe, Ac,'] 

countries shall, with the Treaty, be maintained in good faith and 
without abatement, to which end the Plenipotentiaries of the two 
countries atlix their respective signatures and seals. 



(No. 40.) AGREEMENT between the High Commissioner PUni- 
potcntiary of Japan and the Chinese Ministers of Foreign Affairs, 
ivith reference to tlie Island of Formosa, — Signed at Peking, Slst 
October, 1874* 

Okubo, High Commissioner Plenipotentiary, Councillor of State, 
and Minister of the Interior, on the part of Japan ) and 

The Prince of Kunc;, and the Ministers of the Yamen of Foreign 
Affairs on the part of China, 

Have together agreed upon the following Articles, and hereby 
execute the present instniment in testimony of the arrangement 
determined upon, that is to say : 

Whereas the subjects of every Government are entitled to its 
protection against injury, an obligation rests upon every Govern- 
ment to adopt measures by which their safety shall be provided 
for, and should any tmuble have come upon [the subjects of] any 
particular Government it is incumbent upon that Government to 
institute inquiry and take action. 

Certain Japanese subjects having been wantonly murdered by 
the unreclaimed savages on Formosa, the Government of Japan, 
regarding these savages as responsible, desj)atched a force against 
them to exact satisfaction. An understanding has now been come 
to with the Government of China that this force shall be with- 
drawn, and certain further ste[)3 taken ; all which is set forth in 
tlie three Articles following : — 

ARTICLE 1. 

The present proceedings having been undertaken by the Govern- 
ment of Japan for the humane object of affording security to its 
own subjects, the Government of China will not therefore impute 
blame to it. 

ARTICLE 11. 

The Government of China will give a certidn sum to compen- 
sate the families of the shipwrecked Japanese who were murdered 
[on Formosa]. The roads made and buildings erected by the 
Japanese on the ground, the Government of China is prepared to 
retain for its own use, and it au;rees to make a further payment on 
this account. The details of the engagement on these points will 
be elsewhere stated (see page 255). 

• For correspondence re«pecfinp the settlrm ^rx^ of the difBculij between China 
and Ja]>an iu regard to the Island of Formosa, L674, 1875, see S. P. Vol. 66, p. 425. 

2o4 



No. 40.] CHINA AND JAPAN. [Oct. 81, 1874. 

[Island of Formosa. Coxninerce, Ac] 

ARTICLE II r. 

All correspondence that this question has occasioned between 
the two (loverninents sliuU he cjUH'cUed, and the discussions 
dn)|)|KHl f(»r evermore. It will he the duty of the Chinese (iovem- 
nient to Uike such steps for the due control of the savaj^e tribes in 
the region referred to as will for ever secure the navigation [along 
their coasts] against any farther atrocities on their part, 

(LS.) OKURO. 
(LS.) C:iIINESE MINISTERS. 
Countersigned : YANACHWARA, 

Japaruse Minister Plenijyytentiary, 



CERTinCATE OF THE ENGAGEMENT REFERRED TO IN THE ABOVE 

ACUEEMENT. 

Compensation to he pnid by China to Families of Shipirreeked Japanese 
who urrc kitted , ami payment to he made for lioads and Buildings 
erected by Japan. 

In the matter of the savages of Formosa, reference being had 
to an underetanding airivetl at with the two Governments [of 
Mnna and Jafwn] l»y Hritish Minister, Mr. Wade, and to the 
Instniment this day signed recording the action to Ini taken rc- 
pjHictively 1»y the two parties thereto, the Chinese Covernment 
will at once give llie sum of 100,000 taels to comjHjnsate the 
families of the shipwrecked Japanese who were killed. In adrli- 
tion to this, the Chinese Government will not fail to pay a farther 
8um of 400,000 taels en account of the expense occasioned by the 
construction of roads and erection of buildings, which, when 
the Japanese troops are withdrawn, the Chinese Government will 
retain for its own use. It is farther agreed that on (t»r by) the 
L'Oth day of the 12th month of the 7th year of the r^ign Ming 
<'hih (Japanese style), and on the 12th day of the 11th moon of the 
l:Uh year of the reign Tung Chi (20th Decemlnir, 1874), the 
dovemment of Jajmn shall withdraw the wh<de of its troops, and 
the (iovernment of Cliina shall pay the whole of the money ; 
neither party l>eing l)ehind the time now fixed: The jjayment of 
tlie sum guaninteed will not Ik» completed by the Chinese (Govern- 
ment so long as any part of the troojw of the Government of 
Ja}>an be not withdrawn. 

Tliis Instrument is drawn up in guarantee of the Agreement 
[It is in two fuirts, whereof] each party to it retains one. 

(I.S.) OKURO. 

(LS.) CHINESE MINISTERS. 
YAXAGIWAllA. 



255 



April 18, 1885.] CHINA AND JAPAN. [No. 41. 

[Withdrawal of Troops from Corea.] 

(No. 41.) CONVENTION hetwrcn Chhm and Japan, for tJce 
Withdrawal of Chinrse aiid Japanese Troops from Corea. — 
Sigmd at Tieii'tsin, IStk Aj^ril, 1885.* 

(Translation.) 

Ito, Ambassador Extraordinary of the Great Empire of Japan, 
Minister of State and the Imperial Household, First Class of the 
Order of the Rising Sun and Count of the Empire ; 

Li, Special Plenipotentiary of the Great Empire of China, Grand 
Guardian of the Heir Apparent, Senior Grand Secretary of State, 
Superintendent of tiie Nortli Sea Trade, President of the Board 
of War, Viceroy of Chi-li and Count Sliiriuki of tlie first rank ; 

In obedience to the Decrees which each of them respectively is 
bound to obey, after conference held, have agreed upon a Conven- 
tion with a view to preserving and promoting friendly relations 
(between the two great Empires), the articles of which are set down 
in order as follow : — 

It is hereby agreed that China shall withdraw her troops now 
stationed in Corea, and that Japan sliall withdraw hers stationed 
therein for the protection of her Legation. The specific term for 
eftecting the same shall be four months commencing from the date 
of the signing and sealing of this Convention, witliin which term 
they shall respectively accomplish the withdrawal of the whole 
number of each of their troops, in order to avoid effectively any 
complications between the respective countries ; the Chinese 
troops shall embark from Masan-Po, and the Japanese from the 
port of Ninsen. 

The said respective Powers mutually agree to invite the King 
of Corea to instruct and drill a sufficient armed force, that she may 
herself assure her public security, and to invite him to engage into 
his service an officer or oOicers from amongst tliose of a third 
Power, who shall be entrusted with the instruction of the said 
force. The respective Powers also bind themselves, each to the 
other, henceforth not to send any of their own officers to Corea for 
the purpose of giving said instruction. 

In case of any disturbance of a grave nature occurring in Corea 
which necessitates the respective countries or either of them to 
send troops to Corea, it is hereby understood that they shall givo, 
each to the other, previous notice in writing of their intention so 
to do, and that after the matter is settled they shall withdraw 
their troops and not further staticm them there. 

Signed and sealed this 18th day of the 4th month of the 18th 
year of Meiji (Japanese Calendar) ; the 4th day of the 3rd moon 
6i the 11th year of Kocho (Chinese Calendar). 

\ (L.S.) ITO, Ambassador Extraordinary of the Great Empire 

of Japan y 8^c, 
1L.S.) LI, Special IHenipoterdiary of the Great Emjrire of 

China, ^-c, 

[For Treaty of Peace, 17 April, 1895, see Appendix, p. 676.] 

• S. P. Vol. 76, p. 2y7. 

256 



Mo. 42.] CHINA AND NKTIIKULANDS. [O.t. 6, 18«8. 

[Oommcrce, Ac] 



(No. 42.) TREA TY of Friewhhip and Commerce hetwetn China 
and the Netherlands, — Signed at Tien-tstn^ October 6, 1863.* 

[Ratifications excluuiged at Canton, July 26, 1865.] 

(Translation.) 

Preamble, 

ARTICLE I. 

Appnntmeixt of Diplomatic and Consuiar Agents in China, 

His Majesty the King of the Netherlands may appoint an 
Envoy, Plenipotentiary, or other Diplomatic Accent, to represent 
him in China, and to look after Xotherland interests, and he may 
also appoint Consuls, Vice-Consnls, or Consular Agents, for the 
gnvornment and protection of his subjects in all the ports in the 
Chinese Emjare which are open to Netherlands tmde by this 
'I'reaty. The necessary report of the appointment of the Consular 
tunctionaries shall be sent by the Representative of the Nether- 
lands to the ImjHirial Commissioners charged with the supervision 
of the foreign trade in the various departments of the Empire, who 
shall register the local functionaiiea in the open ports to give effect 
to the appointment. 

Freedom of Nether la lul Agent to go to Peking, 

Tlie Repri'sentative of the Netherlands shall have the right of 
vi>iiiri;: the capital of the Empire for the transaction of State atthirs, 
and of travelling to and fro at his own expense without the inter- 
vention of the Chinese Covernmeut. 

Freedom of Netherland Officials to travel in China, 

Netherland functionaries may travel through China without 
hindrance, under the protection of the Chinese (iovernment against 
injuiy or opjx)sition. No marks of homage shall l)e required of 
them inamsisteut with their dignity us representatives of an inde- 
pendent nation. 

Transaction of Business betireen Netherland Representative and 

Chinese Covcnnnent, 

The Plenipotentiary of the Netherlands shall treat with the 
lTn}K rial I^linisters in conespondence and verbally on the footing 
ot ((|ual rank. 

• S. p. Vol. 00. Pftg« 766. 

257 8 t 



OHfJ, IVA; CliJJfA A?cr> 5ETHFT'LAyr«J. Tf O. 42. 



('jfU'-'Au'^ h\\'A\ }fft f'/fU'-hl'^::^*! a.M of e<|nAl rar:k witli I»'-:rT<*t-Tn- 
UfriHttnt'4, Hi;d Vir'>;-(;ori.H .U with Town -Prefect^, ani in tl:tf written 
or v<;rUil tiiiiiiiiicUon of "oa-jue.s.'S .sh*!!! ol>st:n'e liie z^iH^a tor ins of 
civility. 

AKTICLE IL 

J'ortn f/pen to NHh/trlarul MKrchtxirUsi, liifjld of Efsidence, Hiring and 
LfMi/n/f huid arul IlfMUfji, BnildAng UovMSy Storehouses, Chuj-clus, 
J/oH/ntalftf Ij II rial Gr(mrul.H, SfC, 

TIio m^a-jKirts in the Cjlnnf^se Empire opened for the Netherland 
incTcJiantH are the followin;^, viz., (.'anton, Swatow, Fucliau, Amoy, 
Ningjio, Sliangha^5, Tientsin, (Jhefors Xew-Cliwang, Taiwan, and 
TarnHui (FonnoHa), and Kiun<^cliow (Hainan). The subjects of the 
Neth(jrlaridH may come and go there at their choice with their 
goodn and nhipH, and enjoy th(jre tlie full right of residence, hiring 
and letting of bind an<l houses, building of dwelling and warehouses, 
churchtiH, ho«]»italH, fonnjition of burying-grounds, &c. The land- 
rents shall be e(^iiitably settled and without extortion. 



Com in er rial llifihU in Hiver Ports, Prohibition to visit Places occu- 
pied hj lleheh or Pirates, or selling Munitions of War on pain of 
cmiflscation of Ship ami Cargo, 

The Hubjet'ts of the Netherlands shall enjoy the same commer- 
cial rights also in the river-iH)rts of Hankow, Kiukiang, and Chin- 
kiang, o])S(»rving the gonca'al regulations for the control of the trade 
on tlio Vang-Tzo river, issued or hereafter to be issued by the 
('Inneso (lovernment, but ])laces occu])ied by rebels or robbers must 
not bo visited by the subjects of the Netherlands, nor be supjdied 
with anununition or jn'ovisions \\y their ships, on pain of confiscation 
of ship and cargo, aiul the delivery of the offender to the nearest 
Netherland Consulate. 

AKTICLE III. 

tWedom of Adherlandcrs to trairl in China, Passpoits. 

Tlu* KubjtH'ts of the Netherlands may travel in the interior of 
C1\iua, whether for their pleasure, or for the purpose of trading. If 
ihoY travel tor their pleasure, they must l>e provided with a pass- 
)»orl issued by the Netherland Consul of the port where the journey 
l»ogins» and sealed by the hxM\l auth-uity thei-e, and that document 
must W shown to the Chinese authorities of tlie places through 
which tlie tnivellers jni^s. The travellers may liire men and 
vel\ielos for tJ\eir convovance evervwhere without hindrance. 
^<hould a subjivt of the Netherlands l>e found travelling without a 
im^jH^r |v<ui55|H^rt, or should he break the laws of the laud during his 
journey, ho shall ItQ arrested and delivered up to the nearest Cou- 

253 



Mo. 42.] CHUTA AND NETUERIJLND8. [Oot. 6, 1868. 

[Oommero*, Ac] 

sulate of the Netherlands for trial, ])ut without any ill-treatment oa 
th«; way. For short journeys from tlie open ports, not exceeding a 
disUmee of a hundred li (aU>ut '6') En^'lish miles), and for not more 
than five <lays, no passjMjrt need l»e shown ; sailors and other sea- 
fiiriiiL,' jHJople are, however, excluded from this last regulation. 

Ndlurland MercJianU not nlhmrd to c.slahlish Connnercial Houses 

and Shops in the Interior. 

If Netherlanders travel in the interior to carry on trade or to 
convey merchandize, then they must observe the existing general 
n»;,Milations on the subject. They shall not be allowed to establish 
coiiimercial houses or shops in the interior. 



ARTICLE IV. 

Protection to Christian Missionaries, 

Xetherland Christian missionaries who are in the interior for 
tlie j>eaceful dissemination of the Christian religion shall be pro- 
tected by the Cliinese olficiale. 

Naiives embracing Christianity not to he persecuted. 

Natives who wish to embrace their doctrine must not be pro- 
vniiiMl or j)ersc»cuted so long as they are not guilty of infringing 
the laws of the laud. 

ARTICLE V. 
Employment of Chinese by Netherlanders, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XI I L] 

Hire of lUnits to convey Goods aiul Passengers, Evasion of Duties 

to be punished. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XIV.] 

ARTICLE VI. 

Ci'n.^tdar Jurisdiction disputes between Ndhrrlanders, Disputes he^ 
tiorn Chinese ami Xrtherlanders, Chinese and Netherlanders to 
ht' trii^d by thrir resjyedive Authorities. 

I»isput<*s lietween Xetherland subjects shall be settled by the 
local Consul without the intervention of the Chinese (loverument 
In case of disputes l»etween Xetherland subjects and Chinese, the 
authuritica ou both sides shall endeavour to bring the parties to an 

259 



Oct.6, IW.Tj CHINA AND XKTHER LANDS. [110.43. 

[Oamm«ro«, Ac] 

amicable arrangement, but if they do not succeed, they shall 
confer with each otlier, and decide accordinj* U) justice* 

[licniainder similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art XVI.] 



ErtrmUlion of Criminals. 

rriminal Nelherland subj^nrts, wht) may take refuge in the 
interior, or criminal Chinese, who m.iy flee into houses or shijie 
l)eloni^nj^ to Netherlaiid siil»j«»et3, shall, after information and due 
invesii»^Mtion of the ease by the rt»s|M»<'iive authorities, be imme- 
diately delivered up to their pro^K'r judges, without cuucealmeut or 
retention. 



litroxery of Ihhta iluf hj (Vunrj^ aiu! Xfth(rlander% Neitlur 

(itnirnnunt rr<jtonsihif ft^r re^mymtnt. 

If Chin»»sp. who owe mom*y to Nt*thcrland subjects, take flight, 
ami the ('Iiin4*H<; autlioriti«*4 can find th(*m out, ther shall be 
arrestiHl, and what is owin*: shall l>e demandetl of them. In like 
manner, Xrtherland suljtnt-*? wlio have fk^l on account of debts to 
Chinese shall lx» |>roH«»rut«*d thrrcrfor by the XetherLind authorities, 
if |Missible. Hut neither of tht* two (tovenuuents shall be respou- 
sible for the (tayment of such ilebts. 

AKTKLE Vfl. 

Protf^ion of Prr^^ns and rroj^rrt*/ of Xethfrlandert, lUrtyrery of 
St^tlen Pro])rrfti. Ii*rnvrij if Pr'ffKrtt/ sittlen in ('hirujte Watm, 
Non-rr.^jii}nsifaIity tf f*hint.^ ti"V*rnm(iU. Wrteks, Jcc. Assisi* 
ante to Cretr and nanrry of tanjn, 

[§§ 1 and 2. Simihir t^ <;reat P^ritain. No. 6, Art. XVIIL] 
[§ 3. Similar to Cta^at Britain, No. 6, Art XX.] 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Tonnaar IhuM. Kjtrmptinnsi. Seiherland VtMeh not harinff hroktn 
bulk' u^iihin -iSkuars n<4 iiaN< to Ihdi^s, Ctrtijicatts if Ejtmp* 
tiun^ 

[§§ 1 and 2. Similar to Cirpat Britain, No. 6, Arts. XXIX 

and XXX.] 

If a Xetherl.md m»-n'hant ship shall U» cl«^re«l out apiin 
within at m«»*it two d.ivs :ift«*r arrivin,; in aiiv rhinfv> |»*»rl. without 
havini: Itwiiii^l or unl«»a«ifd, it slull n«»i li.ivi* to |»iiy tonnaicf iluty. 
After tlie fxpinl '.•»!» ut that tenn. h^w.-ver. th»- t-»nna;^» duty is 
duo, altli<uiL:h the >hi|'''« !Kil<*h«*-* may m.t ih^n have l»»*en «»i»i*n«Ml, 
but beyond this no otlier co:»td nr charges bltall belc\ied. If a 

260 



Mo. 43.] CHINA AND NETHERLANDS. [Oot. 6, 18M. 

[Oo(mm«ro«, Ao.] 

ship enters an open port on account of distress or damage, it does 
not corae under this rej^ulation, but is exenij)t from tonnage duty, 
j)n)vided its stay in tlie port is n(»t einj>loye<l for unloading or 
l(»atling gofxls; if it is so employed Uie full tonnage duty must be 
paid. 

No tonnage diity shall l)e levied on l)oats employed by Nether- 
land sulijects exclusively for the conveyanoe of passengers, baggage, 
h'trrs, or other gooils, the conveyance of which is not liable to 
tlie payment of duties ; but freight boats employed in the convey- 
ance (»f gcHuls liable to duty, shall be charged once every four 
ni'»ntli8 with a tonnage duty of one mace for every measured 
Knglish ton. 

ARTICLE IX. 

SJn'psi* Paprrs, dr., to be delivered to Consul. Fine $ for Non-delivery 
Inj Vessels enteriiyj from Stress of Weather if tluy do not unload 
ur loiul. Fines for false Muniftsts, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXVIL] 



Permits to open Hatches, Fints for contravention and canfUccUion 

.for unUxuiing unthoul Permits. 

[§ 1. Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXXVIII.] 



Port Clearances, 
[§ 2. Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XLI.] 

/// absence of Consul, Masters to communicate vnth Chinese Customs 

OJicers, 

If there lie no Netherland Consul or legal representative, the 
captain is authorised and Inmnd to enter int^) immediate communi- 
<atinn with the local Custom House for the fulfilment of the 
btipiilatiuns containe<l in this Article. 

AKTICLE X. 

Import, Erport, and Transit Duties, ifost-favou red-nation 

Treatment. 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXIV.] 

All import duties shall be payable at the time of unloading, 
and ex|K)rt duties at the time of loa<ling the goods liable to those 
duties, whilst the transit dutv on transmission into tlje inteiior 
sli ill l»e levietl on the issue of the permit for tiansmission by the 
Custom House. 

261 



Oct. 6, 1863.] CniN A AND NETHERLANDS. [No. 42. 

[Coxnineroe, Ac] 

Goods trans-shipped, loaded, or unloaded withovi Permits liable to 

Confiscation, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XL.] 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXIX.] 

Drawhack Certificates, 

Netherland merchants who wish to export again to another 
port of the empire the goods which they have imported into a 
Chinese port on payment of the duties, shall have the goods 
examined on the part of the Custom House. If it appears that 
tlie goods correspond with the description thereof in the books of 
the Custom House, a drawback certificate shall be given to the 
merchant, stating the amount of import duties paid, which certifi- 
cate can afterwards be used in payment of import or export duties 
at the same Custom House. The goods thus re-exported pay 
import duties again on arrival at the otlier Cliinese port. 

Confi^scation for Fraud. 

If at the examination it should appear that fraud has been 
committed against the Custom House, the goods shall be confis- 
cated. 

If it be desired to re-export to foreign parts goods upon which 
tlie import duty has been paid, then a certificate is to be procured 
in like manner from the Custom House, which can afterwards be 
nsed for payment there. 

Grain not unloaded may he exported free, ifpartialli/ unloaded the \ 

whole to pay Duty, 

Foreign grain, brought in Netherland ships, and not begun to 
be unloaded, may be re-exported free. But if it has been partly or 
wholly unloaded, then, acc<:»rding to tariff regulation, neither the 
unloaded nor the not unloaded part can be exported to another 
Chinese port. 

AETICLE XL 

Duties payable on Net Weight, Settlement of Disputes, • 

The duties on goods shall be charged on the net weight after 
deduction of the actual tare. If any difference should arise between 
the Custom House and the owner respecting the quantity of the 
tare, both parties shall examine and settle the actual tare together. 
In other cases of difference not capable of settlement by inspection, 
the Netherland owner of the goods may appeal to his Consul 
within 24 hours, who shall communicate with the Custom House 
for the adjustment of the affair, and during the discussion the 
amount of duties owing shall remain unentered. 

9A9 



No. 42.] CHINA AND NETHERLANDS, [Oct. 6, 1863. 

[Ooxnineroei Ac*] 

Disputes on ad valorem Ihities to be decided by Arbitration. 

With regard to goods chargeable according to the tariff ad 
vcdorera, if any difference arise between the Netherland owner and 
the Custom House officers respecting the value, each party shall 
invite two or three merchants to examine tlie goods, and the highest 
price at which one of those merchants shall be willing to buy the 
goods shall be considered 6is the value of the goods. 

• 

JReductiono/Duty on Damaged Goods. 

In case any of the goods shall be found to be damaged, the 
duties shall be abated in proportion to the loss of value thereby 
occasioned; and if there be a difference thereupon, it shall be 
Fettled as provided above for deciding the amount of duty to be 
levied on articles chargeable ad valorem. 

ARTICLE XII. 

Preventimi of Frauds^ 

In each of the open ports the Cliinese authorities shall adopt 
such measures as appear to them most expedient to prevent injury 
to the imperial revenue by fraudulent evasion of duties. 

Ships trading with non-open Ports and their Cargo liable to Confis^ 

caiioUy except in casfs of Stress of Weather. 

Netherland merchant ships must not, for purposes of trading, 
touch at any other places in China than the ports opened by this 
Treaty, on pain of confiscation of ship and cargo. If, however, a 
sliip should from urgent distress and necessity take refuge in a 
port that is not open, then this penal provision is not applicable ; 
but the Chinese authorities shall take measures to protect the ship 
and to put it in a condition to continue its voyage, without allowing 
any unlawful trading to take place in the port, which is forbidden 
on pain of confiscation of ship and cargo. 



Confiscation of Goods for Smuggling, SJiip may be prohibited 

entering Chin£se Ports. 

If it appears that a Netherland merchant ship is engaged in 
smtiggling in an open port of the empire, the goods, of whatever 
kind or value, shall be c<mfiscated, and the ship, moreover, may be 
declared to have forfeited in future the rights granted by this 
Treaty. 

A II Fines and Confiscations to belong to Chinese Government. 

All fines imposed and confiscations declared in pursuance of the 

263- 



Oct. 6, 1868] CHINA A.VD NETHERLANDS. [110.42. 

[Oom]n«rc«, Ac] 

provisions of this Treaty shall be fox the benefit of the Chineti 
Administration. 

AKTICLE XIII. 

Liberty of Nfthrrhnul Sliipi of }yar to rmt Chinese rorU/or 
jH'acr/uI jwrfH*s€S and in pursnii of IH raits, 

[Same aa Ureat Britain, No. 6, Art. LII.] 

AKTICLE XIV. 

Official Corrf.y}Ofulenre to U in f>utch and Chines, Ttxt of Treaty 
in Dutch and Chinese, Orvjinal in either Language to he the 
tejci of re/fjtedic€ Parties. 

All ofticial letters R<lilresw?<l by the Representatives, Consuls 
and Consuhir A;;*'nts of His Majesty the Kin^ of the Netherlands 
to the Chinese A«iministniti(»n shall l)e written in the Ihiteh 
lan^ua^rc, and K* uccoinjKinietl by a ('Iunes4» translation; with this 
understantlin;^, however, that in oafM» any difh^n^nce shmild arise 
res|>eetin;^ the nieaninj^ of any expn'ssion, Iniih the Xetherland an<l 
tlie Chinese (loverninent sluill each consider its own text as the 
test of the true sij^'nifiealion. 

The same holds j^ikhI f«>r the pn»sent Tn»aty, of which the 
diinese translation is made to com*s]M>nd as accurately as possible 
with the original Dutch. 

AKTICLE XY. 

Most-faronred-imtion Treatment to Xttherlami Gi/vtmmeni and 

Subjects, 

All ri^rhts, privih»;;«»s, and franchises not inclu<ied in this 
Tieaty, but which are ^nint«*<l, <ir may hen*afl4»r U* granted, to 
other fotvi;^! nations, must be fully liluiretl by the Xetherland 
itovernment and its subjects. 

AKTICLE XVL 

The ratification of tliis Treaty sh.ill take place within a year 
from the sii^natun*, and ea« h *>\' t!ie C«»ntra«"tinir Parti«yi shall 
appoint a hij^h functionary to cm hanp* tlie ratififd Trcatien, either 
ut Tien-t^in <»r at Cunton. 

In witness of the fon»$^»ing the two aforesaid Plenipotentiariei 
have sii:n»»<l and <eah*<l this Convt-ntiMii with their own hands. 

Done at Tien-t.*»in, t!iis Oth day of OttoU-r. in the year 1^03, 
com*siH»nilin^' witli the -4lh day of tlie Sih month of the second 
year uf Tung Tsji^*. 

(LS) TSOV<; MAC. 

(LS.) J. DK^ AM<a:lE VAX DEU HOEVEX. 

2G4 



No. 43.] CHINA AND PERU. [Junt 26, 1874. 

[Ck>iiiiiMro«, Ac. J 

SEPARATE ARTICLE 

Kcvision of Tariff. 

On tho revision of the tariff of commercial duties in China, 
which is to lake plaice liereafter, in i)iir8uance of the various 
Treaties exchanged l)etween (yliina and other Towers, the Nether- 
land Government shall have the ri;^ht of taking part in the 
n»*gotiati()ns which are to be entered into thereu|K>n, wherefore no 
Fp 'cial term is fixed in the Treaty now concluded between the 
Netherlands and China. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
and sealed this separate Article of Convention with their own 
hands. 

Done at Tien-tsin, on this 6th day of Octol>er,in the year 1863, 
c«»rn\sponding with the 24th day of the 8th month of the second 
year of Tong Tsjie. 

(LS.) TSONG IIAIT. 

(1-S.) J. D¥^ AMOKIE VAN DER HOEVEN. 



(No. 43.) TREATY of FrimdsJiip, Commerce, and Naviga^ 
turn, between China and Peru. — Supieil at Tien-tsin, June 26, 
1874.» 

[Ratifications exchanged at Tien-tsin, August 7, 1875.] 

Preamble. 

ARTICLE I. 

Protection and Friendships 

There shall l)e peace and friendship between the Republic of 
Pom and His Majesty the Emi»eror of Cliina. Their re8[)ective 
ritizens and subjects sliall recipi-ocally enjoy in the territories of 
the High Contracting Parties full and perfect protection for their 
jHii-suns and property. 

ARTICLE II. 

Appointment and Residence of Diplomatic Agents, 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art II.] 

ARTICLE III. 
Privileges ami Immunities of Diplomatic Agents. 
The Diplomatic Agent of each of the Contracting Parties, shall 

• 8. P. Vol 6«, Pa^ 1125. 

265 



Jir.c 26, 1874.] CiJIXA AKT> PERU. [Ko. 43. 

at thfjir respective residences, enjoy all privileges and immunities 
accorded to them by international usages. 

AKTICLE IV. 

Appmntment of Consular Ojfftcera, Privileges and Immunities. 

The Government of Peru may appoint a Consul-General, and 
for such open {Kirts or cities of China wliere it may be considered 
most exj^dient for tlie interest of Peruvian commerce, Consuls, 
Vice-Consuls, or Consular Agents. 

Mosi-favoured-nation Treatment, 

m 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. VII.] 

His Majesty the Emperor of China may appoint a Consul- 
Guneral. Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Consular Agents at any port or 
to\vn of Peru wliere Consular Officers of any other Power are 
adriiitted to reside. All of these officers shall enjoy the same 
ri.jhts and privileges as those of the most-favoured nation in 
I'uru. 

Considar Officers not to be MercJuints. 

It is further agreed that the appointment of tlie said Con- 
sular Oflicers shall not be made in merchants residing in the 
locality. 

ARTICLE V. 

Right of Peruvian to travel in China mith Passports. 
[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. IX.] 

And the said morcliandizc shall be conveyed in accordance with 
the general regulations oi" foreign trade. 

1 f the tiuveller be without a passport, he shall be handed over 
to Iho nearest Consul in order to enable liim to procure one. The 
al)ove provision will in like manner be applicable to cases of a 
l\*iuvian citizen committing any offence against the law of China. 
Hut ho shall in no case be subjected by the Chinese authorities to 
any kind of ill-treatment or insult. 

Riyht of Peruvians to travel a certain distance from, open Ports 

mithout Passports, 

The citizens of Peru may go on excursions from the open ports 
or cities to a distance not exceeding 100 li and for a period not 
exceeding five days, without being provided with a passport. 

Not applicable to Crews of Ships, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. IX.] 

26G 



No. 43.] CHINA ANO PERU. [June 26. 1874. 

[Coxnxzieroe, Ac] 

Chinese travelling in Peru. 

Chinese subjects shall huve the liberty to travel at their 
pleasure throULjhout the territor}' of Peru, as lon^ as they behave 
|)eaceably ami commit uo otleuce agaiust the laws aud regulations 
of the country. 

ARTUn.E VI. 

£/nigration. 

The ReiMi]>lic of Peru and the Kinpire of diina cordially 
recognize the inherent and inalienable rigljt of man to change his 
homa Their citizens and subjects i-esjiectively may consequently 
go freely from the one country to the other for the i>ur|X)ses of 
curiosity, tra<le, lal)our, or as pennanent residents. The High Con- 
tracting Parties therefore agree that the citiztns and subjects of 
l)oth countries shall only emigrate witli their free and voluntary 
consent ; and join in reprobating any other than an entirely 
vnluntary emigration for the said purposes, and every act of 
violence or fraud that may l)e employed in Macao or the ports of 
China to carry away Chinese subjects. The Contmcting Parties 
likewise pledge themselves to punish severely, according to their 
laws, their resjK^ctive citizens and subjects who may violate the 
jiresent stipulations, and also to proceed judicially against their 
res|K.*ctive ships that may be employed in such unlawful oj)eration8, 
imiM>sing the tines wliicb for such cases are established by their 
laws. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Ajyjhnntment hy Peruvian Govenimeut of Interpreter of Chinese 

Lantjunge. 

It is further agreed, that for the better understanding and 
more etiicient protection of the Chinese subjects who reside in 
I*eru, the Penivian Government will appoint otticial interpreters 
of the Chinese language in the Prefectures of the I)e)>artments of 
Peru where the great centres of Chinese inuuigration exist. 



ARTICLE VIIL 

Trade with open Ports. 

Tlie merchant 8hij>8 l>elonging to Peruvian citizens shall be 
jM^nnitted to frequent all the p<irts of China open to foreign trade 
ami to proceed to an<l fro at plwisure with their merchandize^ 
enjoying the same rights aud privileges as tliose of the most 
fa\«»unMl nation. 

In like manner, the merchant ships lielonging to Chinese sub- 
jects may visit all the ports of Pem ojkju to foreign commerce and 
trade in them, enjoying the samo rights and privileges which in 

267 



June 26, 1874] CHINA AND PERU. [No. 43. 

[Oommeroe, &c.] 

Peru are granted to the citizens or subjects of the most-favoured 
nation. 

ARTICLE IX. 
Tariff of Customs DutieSy Most-favoured-nation Treatment. 

Peravian citizens shall pay at the ports of China open to 
foreign trade, on all the goods imported or exported by them, the 
duties enumerated in the tariff which is now in force for the 
regulation of foreign commerce; but they can in no case be 
called to pay higher or other duties than those required now 
or in future of the citizens or subjects of the most-favoured 
nation. 

No other or higher duties shall be imposed in the ports of Peru 
on all goods imported or exported by Chinese subjects than those 
which are or may be imposed in Peru on the commerce of the most- 
favoured nation. 

AETICLE X. 

Right of Ships of War to visit Ports, 

The ships of war of each country respectively shall be at liberty 
to visit all the ports within the territories of the other to wliich 
the ships of war of other nations are or may be permitted to come. 
I'hey shall enjoy every facility, and meet no obstacle in purchasing 
provisions, coals, procuring water, and making necessary repairs. 
Such ships shall not be liable to the payment of duties of any 
kind. 

ARTICLE XL 

Vessels seeking Shelter in Chinese Ports. 

Any Peruvian vessels, being from extraordinary causes com- 
pelled to seek a place of refuge, shall be permitted to enter any 
Chinese port whatever, without being subject to the payment of 
tonnage dues or duties on the goods, if only landed for the 
purpose of making the necessary repairs of the vessel, and 
remaining under the supervision of the Superintendent of the 
Customs. 

Wrecks and Salvage. 

Should any such vessel be wrecked or stranded, the Chinese 
authorities shall immediately adopt measures for rescuing the 
crew, and for securing the vessel and cargo. The crew thus 
saved, shall receive fiiendly treatment, and, if necessary, shall 
be furnished with the means of conveyance to the nearest Con- 
sular station. 

If any Chinese vessels be wrecked or compelled by stress of 
weather to seek a place of refuge in the coasts of Peru, the local 
maritime authorities shall render to them every assistance in their 

2o8 



Ho. 43.] CHINA AND PERU. [June 26. 1874. 

[Commeroe, Ac] 

power; the <^f)o.ls and luorcliandize wived from the wreck shall not 
Ik? sui»ject to diitiu:* unluss cleared for consumption ; and the ships 
shall enjoy the s line liherties which in ei|ual casea are granted in 
Teru to the ships of other nations. 

ARTICLE XII. 
Peruvian Consular Jurisdiction. Civil Cases. 

Peruvian citizens in China havin^r reason to comi)lain of a 
Chinese shall proceed at once to their Consuhir Oniter and state to 
him their grievance. The Consul will in(iuire into the ease, and 
do his utmost to arrange it amicably. 

In like manner, iif a Chinese have reason •to complain of a 
Peruvian citizen in China, the Consular Olhcer shall listen 
to his complaint, and endeavour to come to a friendly arrange- 
ment 

Should the Consular Officer not succeed in making such 
arrangement, then he shall re<iuest the assistttnce of the competent 
Chinese oihcer, that they may together decide the matter according 
to the principles of equity. 

ARTICLE XI IL 

Chinese Criminals to he punished by Chinese Authorities. 

Chinese subjects guilty of a criminal action towanls a Penivian 
citizen in China shall he arrested and punished by the Chinese 
autiiorilies, according to Cliinese laws. 

Peruvian Consular Jurisdiction in Criminal Cases. 

Pennian citizens in China who may commit any crime against 
a CliineH4* subject shall l)e arrested and puiiished accoixling to the 
laws of Peru by the Peruvian Consular Officer. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Disputes bet tree n Peruvians, 

All questions in regard to rights, whether of property or person, 
anting between Penivian citizens in China shall be subject to the 
jurisdiction of the Penivian authorities. 

Disputes bdireen Peruvians and other Forei/piers, 

Disputes lietween citizens of Peni and those of other foreign 
nations shall l>e decided in China acconUng to the Treaties exist- 
in«rl>etween Peni and those foreign nations In all cases, however, 
of Chinese subjects being concerned iu the matter, the Cliiuese 

2GU 



Jum^ 2if5. 1571 : CHINA AND PERU. [Ho. 43. 

authorities may iLterfere in the proceeding according to Articles 
XII aud XI II i/i thia Tnraij. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Access of Chinese to Pfrurian Courts of Law. 

Cliinese sulijects in Peru shall have free and open acce^ to the 
Courts f»f Justice of IVru f«'r ibt: pnnsecution and defence of their 
just rights ; ihey shall eiij :»v in this n:sp»ect the same rights and 
privilej^s as native ti:i^»:rns, an«l shall also be treated in every 
wav like the citizens aud subjects of other countries resident in 
Peru. 

ARTICLE XVJ. 

Evjhts, «}7\, of Peruvians in China, 

The Contracting; Parwi» ? a;nve titat the Government, public 
officers, antl citizt-ns of the RepaMic of Peru shall fiilly anft equallj 
participate in all i»rivilri:e,s rij:his, iimnunities. jurisdiction, and 
advantages that may have l»etfU. or may l«e hereafter, granted by 
His Majesty the Em}»^rr«»r of Chiua. to the Government, public 
officers, citizens or subjects of any other nation. 

Bights, <Jr., of Cltiness in Peru. 

In like manner, the Government, public officers, and subjects 
of the Empire of China sliall enjoy in Peru all the rights, privi- 
leixes, inmmnities ami advanta^s of everv kind which in Peru are 
enjoyed by the Government, public officers, citizens, or subjects of 
the most-favoured nation. 

ARTICLE XVIL 

English Tejct of Treaty to he Binding. 

In order to prevent for tlie future any discussion, and con- 
sidering that the English language, among all foreign languages, is 
the most generally known in China, this Treaty is written in the 
Spanish, Chinese, and English languages, and signed in nine copies, 
three in each language. All these versions have the same sense 
and signification, but whenever the interpretation of tlie Spanish 
and Chinese versions may ditler, then reference shall be made to 
the English text. 

ARTICLE XVIIL 

Revision of Treaty after 10 years. 

If in the future tlie High Contracting Parties desire a modifica- 
tion of any stipulation contained in this Treaty, they shall be at 
liberty, after the lapse of 10 years dated from the day of the 
exchange of the ratifications of this Treaty, to open negotiations to 

270 



No. 43.] CHINA AND PERU. [June 2G, 1871. 

[Chinese TniTnigrants in Peru.] 

that efiFect. Six months before the expiration of the 10 years, 
either of the Contracting Parties may officially notify to the other 
that modifications of the Treaty are desired, and in what these 
consist. If no such notification is made, the Treaty remains in 
force for another 10 years. 



ARTICLE XIX. 
Ratifications.' 

The present Treaty shall be ratified by His Excellency the 
President of Peru after being approved by the Peruvian Congress, 
and by His Majesty the Emperor of China ; and the ratifications 
shall be exchanged at Shanghai or Tien-tsin, as soon as possible. 

In token whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
and sealed this Treaty. 

Done at Tien-tsin, this 26th day of the month of June, in the 
year of the Lc»rd 1874, corresponding to the Chinese date the 13th 
day of the 5th moon of the 13th year of Tung-Chi. 

(L.S.) AURELIO GARCIA Y GARCIA 
(LS.) Ll-HUNG-CHANG. 



SPECIAL AGREEMENT respecting Cliinese Immigrants in 

Peru, 26th June, 1874. 

The Undersigned, Aurelio Garcia y Garcia, a Post- Captain in 
the Peruvian Navy, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary of the Republic of Peru for the Empires of China and 
Japan, and 

Li, Minister Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of 
China, Imperial Commissioner, Grand Guardian of the Heir 
Apparent, Grand Secretary, a President of the Board of War, 
Governor-General of the Province of Chih-li, and invested with 
the dignity of the second order of nobility. 

Have concluded the following Special Agreement : — 

Inasmuch as at present, Chinese are known to be residing in 
great numbers within the territory of Peru, and in view of the 
representations that have been made to the effect that some of 
these are suffering grievances, now then the respective Plenipo- 
tentiaries, being desirous of establishing amicable relations between 
the two countries, agree, on the one hand, that a Treaty of Friend- 
ship, Commerce, and Mutual Intercourse shall be concluded, and 
on the other, that with the view of establishing a thorough friendly 
understanding, the Chinese Government shall send a Commission 
to Peru. 

The said Commission shall institute a thorough investigation 
into the condition of Chinese immigrants in all parts of Peru, to 

271 T 



i 



June 26, 1874. j CHINA AND PEUU. [No. 43. 

I^Ohinese Immigrants in Peru.] 

whom they shall make known the objects in view by means of 
public notifications. 

The Government of Peru, on their side, will ^ijive the fullest 
possible assistance to the Commission in the fulfilment of its 
duties, and will treat ife with all due coui-tesy. 

On the arrival of the Commission in Peru, the Peruvian 
Government will order all local or provincial authorities to give to 
the Commission all the assistance in their power for the perfomi- 
ance of its duties. 

In case it should be ascertained that Chinese immigrants whose 
coi ^tracts have not expired, be their numbers what they may, are 
actually suffering ill-treatment, it is now agreed that the Commis- 
sion shall communicate the particulars concerning them to the 
local authorities. In case the employers of such Chinese immi- 
grants decline to acknowledge the ill-treatment, the local authorities 
shall then send the complaints in question before the tribunals for 
judicial inquiiy and decision. 

If the immigrants in any case be dissatisfied with the decision 
of the primary Judge, it shall be open to the aggrieved parties 
forthwith to appeal to the higher Courts of Justice of Peru for 
further investigation. 

The Chinese immigi*ants will be placed on a footing of equality 
as regards legal procedure with that enjoyed by the subjects of the 
most- favoured nation residing in Peru. 

From the date of the ratification of this Special Agreement by 
the Peruvian Government, the said Government will compel the 
employers of Chinese immigi-ants whose contracts have expired, 
and in which it may have been stipulated that they shall be sent 
back to China, to provide them with passage back to their native 
country, if they be desirous of returning to China. 

In the case of Chinese immigrants in whose contracts no stipu- 
lation is made for the return passage on the expiry of the contracts, 
and provided that the immigrants shall express a wish to return to 
China, but shall be without the means of providing their own 
passage, the Peruvian Government will cause them to be repatriated 
gratuitously in the ships which leave Peru for China. 

The present Agreement is written and signed in six copies, viz., 
two in Spanish, two in Chinese, and two in English. AH these 
Versions have the same meaning and intention. 

The present Agreement shall be ratified by His Excellency the 
President of the Eepublic of Peru, after being approved by the 
Peruvian Congress, and by His Majesty the Emperor of China ; 
and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Shanghai or Tien-tsin. 

In token whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
and sealed this Agreement. 

Done at Tien-tsin, this 26th day of the month of June, in the 
year of the Lord 1874, corresponding to the Chinese date tlie 13th 
day of the 5th moon of the 13th year of Tung-Chi. 

(L.S.) AURELIO GARCIA Y GARCIA 
(L.S.) LIHUNG-CHANG. 
272 



Mo. 44.] CHIXA AND PORTUGAL. [March 26, 1887. 

[Kaoao.] 

[A Treaty of Commerce, &c., was 8igne<l between China and 
rortu^^nil, at Tien-tain, on the KUh August. 1862 (see 8. P.. Vol. 55, 
p. 7D0), but it was not ratiKe<l, in consequence of a dispute arising 
respecting the Sovereignty of Macao.] 



(No. 44.) PROTOCOL betioeen Portugal ajid China, respecting 
the lUlatiinis biticeen the two Countries, Signed tit Lisbon, 
March 26, 1887.* 

The Government of His Most Faitliful Majesty the King of 
Portugal and the Algarves, and that of His Inii)erial Majesty the 
Kinperor of (vhina, having decideii to rcgulat43 the friendly relations 
existing for luon* than three centuries Ijetween the two countries, 
liiive agreed for this purpose to a preliminary Protocol To this 
ilVect ilie Undersignetl, Henrique de liarros Gomes, of His Majesty's 
Council, his Minister and Secretiiry of State for Foreign Aflkirs, 
auil James Duncan Campbell, Commissioner and Non-Kesident 
Serret«uy of the Inspectorate-General of Chinese Imperial Maritime 
Customs, duly em^wwered by their respective Governments, have 
concluded the following Protocol : — 

ARTICLE I. 

Treaty of Friendship and Commerce, with most-favoured- 
nation clause, will be concluded and signed at Peking.f 

ARTICLE IL 

China con linns perj»etual occupation and government of 
Macjto and its dei)endencies by Portugal, as any other Portuguese 
Possession.! 

ARTICLE IIL 

Portugal engages never to alienate Macao and dependencies 
without agreement with China. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Portugal engages to co-operate in o[)ium revenue work at 
Macao in J»ame wav as England at Hong Kong.f 
Done at Lisl)un, the 26th MaHi. 1887. 

(Ls.) HENi:igrK dr barros gomes 

(LS.) JAMES DUNTAN CAMPBELL 

• Signed ilto in th« Portuguwe Un^rumge. 8. P. Vol. 78. P»ge MO. 
t b»« Ttwl J. lit Decrmber, 1887 (No. 45). next pmge. 

273 T 2 



Dec, 1, 1W7.] CmXA AND PORTTOAL. [Ho. 45. 



(No. 45.) TREATY of Friendship and Commcnx hdicten Port- 
wfal and China. Signed at Fekin, December 1, 18S7.* 

[Eatifications exchanged at Tien-tsin, April 28, 1888.] 

His Most Faithful Majesty the King of Portugal and the 
Algan-es and His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China, desiring 
to draw closer and to consolidate the ties of friendship which 
sulj#<ist already for more than 300 years between Portugal and 
China, ahd having agreed in Lisbon on the 26th day of March, 
1887, 2nd day of 3rd moon of the 13th year of the reign of the 
Emperor Kwang Sii, through their Representatives, on a Protocol 
c»f four Articles, have now resolved to conclude a Treaty of Amity 
and Commerce to regulate the relations between the two States ; 
for this end they have ai>pointed as their Plenipotentiaries, that is 
to sav : 

His ilost Faithful Majesty the King of Portugal and the 
Algarves, Thomas de Sousa Kosa, his Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary in Special Mission to the Court of China. 

His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China, His Highness 
Prince Ch'ing, President of the Tsung-li Yamen, and Sun, Minister 
of the Tsung-li Yamen, and Senior Vice-President of the Board of 
Works ; 

Who, after having communicated to each other their respective 
full powers, and found them to be in good and due form, have 
agreed upon the following Articles : — 

ARTICLE L 

Pecvce and Friendship. 

There shall continue to exist constant Peace and Amity 
between His Most Faithful Majesty the King of Portugal and the 
Algarves and His Imi>erial Majesty the Emperor of China, whose 
respective subjects shall equally enjoy, in the dominions of the High 
Contracting Parties, the most complete and decided protection for 
their persons and property. 

ARTICLE IL 

Maca/). Portuguese Occupation. 

China confirms, in its entirety. Article II of the Protocol of 
Lisbon relating to the perpetual occupation and government of 
Macao by Portugal. 

Boundaries to be Defined^ 
It is stipulated that Commissioners appointed by both Govern- 

• Signed also in the Portugueie and Chinese langoagef. S. P. Vol. 78. 
Page 521. 

274 



No. 45.] CHINA AND PORTUGAL. [Dec. 1, 1887. 

[Oommeroe, &o.] 

inent<? slmll proceed to the delimitation of tlie boundaries which 
shall Ik* determined by a special (Convention ; but so lon^; as the 
di'Iimitation of the l>ountlarie8 is not conchided, evcr3'thinp in 
n'S]HH-t to them shall continue as at present without addition, 
diminution, or alteration by either of the Parties. 

ARTICLE III. 

Mamo NimHilienation hy PurtiujuL 

Portuf^l confirms, in its entirety, Article III of the Protocol of 
Lisbon ndatin^i; to the enj^aj^ement never to lUienate Macao without 
previous agreement with China. 



AKTICLE IV. 
Opium Trade of Macao. 

Portugal a<::rees to co-operate with China in the collection of 
duties on opium exported from Macao into Chinese jiorts, in the 
siinu* way and as long as England co-ojH^rates with China in the 
collection of duties on opium exported from Hong Kong into 
Chinese Ports. 

The bafies of this co-o|)eration will \\o established by a Conven- 
tion aj){»ended to this Treaty, which shall be Jis valid and l»inding 
to both the High Contracting Parties as the present Treaty.* 

ARTICLE V. 

Appointment and liesidmce of Diplomat ir- Agents, 

His Most Faithful Majesty the King of Portugal and the 
Algarves may ap|K)int an AmlMissador, Minister, or other Diplonuitic 
Ai^ent to the Court of His Im]»erial Majesty the Emj)eror of China, 
and this Agent, as well Jis the i>ersons of his suite and their 
families, will Ih* permitted, at tlie ojiiion of the Portuguese Govern- 
UHMii, to resiile jK^nnanenily in Peking, to visit that Court, or to 
resiile at any other place where such residence is e<iually accorded 
to the Diplomatic Kepn^sentatives of other nations. 

The Chinese (roveniment may also, if it thinks fit, appoint an 
Amlwissador, Minister, or other Diplomatic Agent to reside in 
Liaison, or to visit that Court when his GoveninuMit should order. 

AHTK LE VL 

Biijhts and PriciletjcA of Diplomatic Agaits, 

The Diplomatic Agents of Portugal and China shall recipro- 
cally enjoy in the place of their residence all the prerogatives and 

• Sc« Coureniion, l»t Drcvmber, 18!>7 (No. 46) • 

275 



Dec. 1, 1887.] CHINA AND PORTUGAL. [No. 45. 

[Ooznmeroe, dtc] 

immunities accorded by the law of nations. Their persons, families, 
and homes, as well as their correspondence, sliall be inviolate. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Official Correspondence. 

The official correspondence addressed by Portuguese authorities 
to the Chinese authorities shall be written in the Portuguese 
language accompanied by a translation in Chinese, and each nation 
shall regard as authoritative the document written in its owu 
language. 

ARTICLE VIIL 

Form of Correspondence, 

The form of correspondence between the Portuguese and the 
Chinese authorities will be regulated by their resi^ective rank aii<l 
position based upon complete reciprocity. Between the high 
Portuguese and Chinesa functionaries at the capital or elsewheie, 
such correspondence will take the form of despatch (" Chan-hoei '') ; 
between the subordinate functionaries of Portugal and the chief 
authorities of the Provinces, the former shall make use of the form 
of exposition (*' Xen-cheu ") and the latter that of declaratiou 
(" Chah-sing ") ; and the subordinate officers of both nations shall 
correspond together on terms of perfect equality. Merchants and 
generally all others who are not invested with official character 
shall adopt in addressing the authorities the form of representation 
or petition (" Pin-cheng "). 

ARTICLE IX. 
Appointment of Consular Officers. Privileges^ &Ch 

His Most Faithful Majesty the King of Portugal and the 
Algarves may appoint Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or 
Consular Agents in the ports or other placas where it is allowed to 
other nations to have them. These functionaries will have powers 
and attributions sinular to those of the Consuls of other nations, 
and will enjoy all the exemptions, privileges, and immunities 
which at any time the Consular functionaries of the most-favoured 
nation may enjoy. 

The Consuls and the local authorities will show to each other 
reciprocal civilities, and correspond with each other on terms of 
perfect equality. 

Rank of Consular Officers with Chinese Officials. 

The Consuls and Acting Consuls will rank with Tau-tais ; Vice- 
Consuls, Acting Vice-Cons'ils, Consular Agents, and Interpreter- 
translators, with Prefects. 

276 



No. 45.] CHINA AND POUTUOAL. [Dec. 1. \HH\\ 

[Oomin«ro«, 4ko.] 

Consuls m)t to he Merchants. 

The (^onsuls must be otiicials of the Portuguese Governmeut, 
and uol luerchants. 



Consuls of other Nations may act as Vortu/fuese Consuls. 

The Cliinese Government will make no objection in ease thn 
Portuguese Government shouM deem it unnecesmiry to appoint an 
ofliciiil consult at any j>ort and choose to intrust a Consul of some 
other nation, for the time being, with the duties of PortuguciW 
Consul at that port 

ARTICLE X. 

Rijlits aiul Privileges of Portuguese ^Suhjeds, tjv., in China. 

All the immunities and ]>rivilegos, as well as all the advantage 
coufHTuing commerce and navi^;atit)n, such tis any reduction in the 
duti(\s of navigation, importation, exportsition, tmnsit, or any other 
>\hirh may have been or may be hen^after gmntetl by (^hina to any 
other State or to it.s subjects, will be immediately extended to 
Portugal and its subjects. 

Comlitional Jfost'/aroured^nation Treatment. 

If any conc«\s*ion is grante<l by the Chinese Govenmient to any 
foreign < iovernnu'ut under s|>ecial condition, Portugal, on claiming 
the siim«» concession for herself ami for her own subjects, will 
ei|uaily assent to the conditions attached to it 

ARTICLE XL 
liesidencc and Trade at open Ports. 

Poitugue<4e subjects an? allowed to reside at, or fre<iuent, the 
jxirt.s of China o|>ened to foreign commerce, and there carry on 
iradf or emidoy ihemsi'lve*^ freelv. 

Their l)oats may navig;ite without hindnin?e injtween the potts 
o]H*n to foreign commerce, and they may im|M>rt and ex]K)rt their 
merchandize, enjoying all the rights and privileges enjoyed by the 
subjects of the most- favoured nation. 

ARTICLE XII. 

Imjwrt antl Krpori Duties. 

Portui:uese subjects shall pay imj>ort and export duties on all 

mi'rrhandize arronling to the rates s|K*ciKed in the Tariff of 1858 

adopted for all the other nations; antl in no iuRtance shall higher 

duties Ik* e\art«*tl fn)m them than those paid by the subjects of any 

oiluT foreign nation. 

0-7 



Ber:. 1, 1887.] CHINA AND PORTTJGAL. [Ho. 45. 

[Oommerce, dtc] 

AirncLE XIII. 

Hire of Boats fur cunvnjance of Cargo and Passengers, 

Portuji^uese subjects are peniiitt(3d to hire any description of 
boats they may reciuire for the conveyance of cargo or |m«;senicei's, 
and the price of said hire will be fixed by the contracting parties 
alone without interference of the Cliinese Government. 

No limit shall be put to the number of lx)ats, neither will it l>e 
permitted to any one to establish a monopoly of such boats, or of 
the services of coolies employed in the carnage of merchandize. 

Punishment for caiTiage of Contraband Goods. 

Should contraband articles be on board any such boats the 
guilty parties shall immediately be punished according to law. 

AHTICLE XIV. 

Employment of Chinese hy Porticguese Sxibjecis, 

Portuguese subjects residing in the open ports may take into 
their service Chinese subjects, and employ them in any lawful 
capacity in China without restraint or hindrance from the Chinese 
Government, but shall not engage them for foreign countries in 
contravention of the laws of China. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Protection of Persons and Property, 

The Chinese authorities are bound to grant the fullest protec- 
tion to the person and to the property of Portuguese subjects in 
China, whenever they may be exposed to insult or wrong. In case 
of robbery or incendiarism, the local authorities will immediately 
take the necessary measures to recover the stolen propei'ty, to 
terminate the disorder, to seize the guilty, and punish them accord- 
ing to the law. 

Similar protection will be given by Portuguese authorities to 
Chinese subjects in the Possessions of l^ortugal. 

ARTICLE XVL 

Erection, ^-c, by Portuguese of Houses, Shops, Churches, SospitcUs, 

Cemeteries, ^-c. 

Whenever a Portuguese subject intends to build or open 
houses, shops, or warehouses, churches, hospitals, or cemeteries, at 
the Treaty ports or at other places, the purchase, rent, or lease of 
these properties shall be made out according to the current terms 
of the place with equity, without exaction on either side, without 

278 



Ho. 45.] CHINA AND PORTUGAL. [Dec 1. 1887. 

[Oomxneiro*, &o.] 

offending against the usage of the people, and after due notice 
given by the pruprietore to ihe local authority. 

Shops or Warehouses not allowed in the Interior, 

It is ULderstood, how(»ver, that the shops or warehouses above 
mentioned shall (»nly l>e allowed at the i)orts open to trade, but not 
at any place in the interior. 

ARTICLE XVII. 

Conveyance of Merchandize hetxoeen Open Po7't$, 

PortULjuese subjects conveying merchandize between open 
port5 shall l)e require<l to take certificates from the SujKjrintendent 
of the Custom House, such as are si)ecified in the i-eguiations iu 
force with reference to other nationalities. 

Passports for the Interior. 

But Portuguese subjects who, without carrying merchandize, 
should like to go to the interior of China must have passjKuts 
issueil by their Consuls and countersigned by the lociJ authori- 
ties. 

The bearer of the passport must prmluce the same when 
demanded, and the passport not bi»ing irregular, he will Ihb allowed 
to proceed, and no op|M»sition shall l>e oHered, especially to his 
hiring ])ersons or vessels for the carriage of his baggage or mer- 
cliandize If he be without a passport, or if he commits any 
otVence against the law, he shall \)e handed over to the neaix'st 
Consul of Portugal to be punished, but he must not be subjected 
to any o]»pressive measure. 

No ]»as8|>ort n€»ed be applied for by persons going on excursions 
from the ports open to tmde to a distance not exceeding J 00 It, 
and fur a ]>eiiod not exceeding five days. 

Clause not applicahle to Crews of Ships, 

The provisions of this Article do not apply to crews of shii>8, 
for the due restraint of whom regulations will be drawn up by the 
Consul and the local authorities. 



ARTICLE XVIIL 
Punishmtnt for plunder of Portuguese Vessels, 

In the event of a Portuguese merchant-vessel lieing plundered 
by j)irates or thieves within Chinese waters, the Chinese authori- 
ties are to employ their utmost exertions to seize and punitth the 

279 



Dec. 1, 1887.] CHINA AND PORTUGAL. [No. 45. 

[Oomxnerce) dto.] 

said robbers, and to recover the stolen goods, which, through the 
Consul, shall be restored to whom they belong. 

AKTICLE XIX. 

WrecIcSy and Vessels seeking Slielter. 

If a Portuguese vessel be shipwrecked on the coast of Cliina, 
or be compelled to take refuge in any of the ports of the Empire, 
the Chinese authorities, on receiving notice of the fact, shall 
provide the necessary protection, affording prompt assistance and 
kind treatment to the crews, and, if necessary, furnishing them the 
means to reach the nearest Consulate. 

ARTICLE XX. 

Tonnage Du^s on Vessels of more than 150 Tons. 

Portuguese merchant- vessels of more than 150 tons burden 
will pay tonnage dues at the rate of 4 mace per ton ; if of 150 tons 
and under, they shall be charged at the rate of 1 mace per ton. The 
Superintendent of the Customs shall grant a certificate declaring 
that the tonnage dues have been paid. 

ARTICLE XXL 

Payment of Import and Export Duties, 

Import duties shall be paid on the landing of goods, and export 
duties upoo the shipment of the same. 

ARTICLE XXIL 

Ihdy to be paid on portion of Goods landed. 

The captain of a Portuguese ship may, when he deems it con- 
venient, land only a part of his cargo at one of the open ports, 
paying the duties due on the portion landed ; the duties on the 
remainder not being payable until they are landed at some other 
port 

ARTICLE XXIIL 

Exemption of Portuguese Vessels from payment of Tonnage Ihies in 

certain Coms. 

The master of a Portuguese ship has the option, within 
48 hours of his arrival at any of the open ports of China, but not 
later, to decide whether he will leave the port without opening tlie 
hatches, and in such case he will not have to pay tonnage dues. 
He is bound, however, to give notice of his amval for the legal 
registering as soon as he comes into j>ort, under penalty of being 

280 



Ho. 45.] CHINA AND POKTITOAL. [!>«». 1, 1887. 

[Oommmroe, fto.] 

finecl in case of non-compliance within the term of two days. 
The sliip will be stibject to tonnai^e dues 48 hours after her arrival 
in port, but neither tlieu iu»r at her departure shall any other 
iiupost whatsoever be exacted. 

AUTICLK XXIV. 

Exemption of small Vessels employed by Portiupiese from payment of 

Tonnage Dues, 

All small vessels employed by Portuguese subjects in carrying 
l)assengers, lMi^i*^e, letters, provisions, or any other carj^o which is 
free of duty between the open ports of China shall be free from 
tonnage dues ; but all such vessels carrying merchandize subject to 
duty shall {my tonnage dues every four months at the rate of 
1 mace \^r tc i. 

ARTICLE XXV. 

Pilots. 

Vortugiiose merchant-vessels approaching any of the open port« 
will l»e at lilK*rty to take a pih>t to reach the harlniur, and likewise 
to take a pilot to leave it, in case the said ship shall have paid all 
the duties due by her. 

ARTICLE XXVL 

Custom House OJicers on Imird Portuguese Ships. 

Whenever a Portuguese merchant ^ship shall arrive at any of 
the o|H»n {M)rt8 of China, the Superintendent of the Customs will 
send one or more Custom House otticers, who may stay on board 
of tlieir iKMit or on l>oard of the shin, as best suits their con- 
veiiienre. These officers will get their food and all necessaries 
Irom the Custom House, and will not l>e allowed to accept any fee 
from the captain of the ship or from the consignee, being liable 
to a jH-Muilty projwrtionate to the amount received by them. 

ARTICLE XXVIL 

Ship*s Manifests and other Papers, 

Twenty-four hours after the arrival of a Portuguese merchant- 
Bliip at any of the open ports, the jwpers of the ship, manifest, ancj 
other dcKuments, shall uQ handed over to the Consul, whose duty 
it will Ik; also to rei)ort to the Superintendent of the Customs 
within 24 hours, the name, the regibteroil tonnage, and the cargo 
brought by the said vessel. If, through negligence or for any other 
Motive, this stipulation !« not complied with within 48 hours after 
the arrival of the ship, the captain shall be subject to a fine of 
r»0 taels for each days delay over and alK»vp that |)eriod, but the 
total amount of the tines shall not exceed 2U0 taela. 

281 



D,-c. 1, lb87.] CHINA AND POim'GAL, [No. 45. 

[Coiiiin«rc«, &o.] 

The captain of the ship i^ n*s|M>nsihh» for the cnrrectne»8 of the 
nmiiifest, in \\hi<»i iht* «-ari.'«» sliall U* niinuU'Iv and tnithfullv 
desfrilK*(l, suhjf«t lo a tini* nt r»iM» tai»ls its a [>enaliy in case the 
nianifi'.Nt shouM l;r finin*! in«*ornvt, Tliis tine, howi'ver, will not 
Ik.* iiiiiirnMl if within 24 hniii-s atttT the drliverv of the nianife>t 
to thi? ('usti»ni lIouM» oIVpit, the captain «»xpreHa the wish to 
rectify any eni»r which may have lx»cn discovereil in the Siiiil 
manifest. 

Airncl.K XXVIII. 

lUs'Iuii'ifiivj of Ctirgo. 

The Siipi»rinU'ndrnt nf Custoni^ will iHTn>it the dischnrj^inj^ 
of the .«»liip as snon as \\v .shall havi* r»"<»*iviMl from the (*onsul the 
n*{M>rt (Ir.iwn in dnr form. It tlu' captain of tht* ship shonhl take 
n]M>n himsrlf to r<»mm('n«'4' ilisi-har^'in^ withont |KTini.Hsinn, he 
shall l»e lined r>UO tads, and tlu* «^iMHls so di.schar^'cd shall be con- 
lis'jated. 

AKTK'LK XXIX. 

Prrmixtion r»f/uirfti to ship or law! Cargo, 

Portumioso mendinnts iiavini: «;imm1«4 to ship or land, will have 
to obtain a s|»Tial p'nnis'^ion fr»»ni tin' Su|MTinl«»nd*'nt of ('nst«»Ms 
to that eflVrt, without which all ^'ixkIs bhipi»ed or lauded shall Ik* 
liable to contiscation. 

AKTICLE XXX. 

TratiJiJiipment of Go*xis, 

No Ininshipment of ;:ih»«Is i*; allnwnl from Miip to ship without 
B[K>rial {KTmission, under |H*nalty itf t-ontiscatiou of all «^iuds bo 
tr«uiship{>eil. 

AKTh'LK XXXI. 

lUtiirn if Ship n P*t^»^r$, 

When a ship shall haM* p,ti«l all l.tr diitit s, the Su|ierint<*n«h lit 
of Cu*itoms will irrant h»-r a c. ititir,it«\ .md thr Tonsul will return 
the |ia{>cni, in uixicr that din- may pn»c-i-<Mi un her vo\uge. 

AI:TI< I.K XXXII. 

Ihxjnitf ns f" Vtiiur >f li'-m /,<. Kxi »r rt iu. 

When any d'Hiht may aris«* u^ t** ll r v.dui* tif pmds whirh hv 
t!ie Taiill 'iH' li.iliK* t«» an *tti t-tif ,-*tn duty, and th«» l*«»rtU)»*ncHO 
mt'nhaiit dis;i;n^«-s with tli<* ( 'i.st*>m H'-i:***- oHin-n* ji> nv^mlit the 
valu«* <«f ^iid ;:'i«>«i>. jKith p»il:i-» will i.dl tv^o i»i tlipi' m«*it hnnts 
ti* exaihini' tht>m, and th*- hu')i*'^t oiKt Ui.\*\%' 1>v any of ih«* Mid 
iiierchauls to buy the ^tMxU will U* (oudidered tis their just value. 

2t>2 



No. 45.] CniXA AND PORTUGAL. [Doc. 1, 1887. 

[Commerce, fto.J 

AnTICLE XXXIII. 

Dispute as to Wciyhi of Goods, Expertise, 

Duties will be paid on the uet weij^ht of every kind of merchan- 
dize. Should there be any dill'erence of opinion between the 
rnrtuj^uese merchant and the Custom House ohicer as to the mcxle 
by which the tiire is to he fixed, each ])arty will choose a certain 
numlK»r of boxes or kilcs from amon^ every lUO packages of the 
^<whU in question, tiikin^^ the gross weight of said packages, then 
the tare of each of the packages separately, and the average tare 
resulting therefrom will be adopted for the whole parcel. 

Appeal to ConsiiL 

In case of any doubt or dispute not mentioned herein, the 
Portuguese merchant nuiy appeal to the Consid, who will refer the 
c;isc to the Su[)erint^ndent of CusUmis ; this othcer will act in such 
a manner as to settle the <piestion amiaibly. The appeal, however, 
wdl only be entertained if made within the term of 24 hours, and in 
such a ciise no entry is to be made in the Custom House UKjks in 
rchition U) tiie said goods until the question shall have been 
settled. 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 

Damaged Goods. 

Damaged goods will pay reduceil duty proportionate to their 
deterioration; any doubt on this jKiint will 1x3 solved in the way 
iiidicateil in the clause of this Treaty with resjiect to duties payable 
on merchandize ad vulorevu 

ARTICLE XXXV. 

Re-exportation of Goods, 

Any Portuguese merchiuit who, liaving imported foreign goods 
into one of the open ports of China and paid the proper duties 
tliereon, may wish to re-export them to another of the said [)orts, 
will have to send to the Su|M3rintendent of Customs an account of 
them, who, to avoid fraud, will direct his officers to examine 
whether or not the duties have been paid, whether the same have 
been enlereil on the books of the Customs, whether they retain 
their ori;.'iual marks, and whether the entries agree with the 
account sent in. Should everything be found correct, the same 
will 1h* stateil in the exp<jrt jxjrmit, together with the total amount 
of duties p.iid, and all these particulars will be communicated to 
the Custom House othcers at other iM)rt«. 

rp«»n arrival of the ship at the i>ort to which the goods are 
carried, permission will be gnmted to Jand without any new pay- 
ment of duties whatsoever, if, upon examination, they are found to 

283 



I>fc, 1, 1887.] CHINA AND POIlTrOAL. [Ho. 45. 

[Oomm«ro«, A«.] 

1h> the i«l«»nti<'al «^mmmIs; but if during the exannnati<»n any fraud Iw 
dote«t4H|. the j^immIs may l»ecaiitisoati*il hy the ('hineS4» (Jv'Veniiiient. 
Shoidd any lN>rtn;^!U»«e nieit'hant wish t4> n;-exjM»rt to a foreign 
country any ^(mmIs iin]M)rted, and uihhi which duties have be^^n 
already paid, he will liavo to make his applii'ation in the f^nie 
form as requinNl for the re-i^xiKirtation of <^nm1s to another jiort in 
CMiina, in which case a certificate of drawl*ack or of rentitution of 
duties will l^e erant^nl, whi<*h will l>e acceptinl by any of the 
Chinese Custom Houses in {»ayment for im{)ort or export duties. 

lU'txjMyrtntum of Fortign CcreaU, 

Fori»i^n cereals impirU^l by Portu<xuese sliips into the ports of 
China may be re-ex i>orteil without hindrance if uo|)ortiou has been 
discharged. 

AKTICLE XXXVI. 
Prnentuni of Fraud and SmmfjUng. 

The Chint*^ authorities will adopt at the |>orts the moasures 
which they may deem the mo^t convenient to avoid fraud or 
smu'.'^^din^'. 

AUTICLE XXXVII. 

Fines and C*mfiArati*>ns to Ixlong to CkineM Gortmmrni, 

The procet^ls of tines and confiscations inflicteil on Portupieso 
subjicis, in conformity to this Treaty, slmll belong exclusively to 
the Chinese (iuvcrunient, 

ARTICLE XXXVIII. 
Ptfrtugu*'^ Tr%td€ with the Int^ritfr, 

Pt)rtuj:uese subjecU canyinj* ^kmIs to a maiket in the interior 
of the country on which the lawful im|>ort duties have already l»et»n 
I»uid at any of the o]M>n |M)rts, or those who buy native pnitluce in 
the interi*»r to brinj: to the jMirts on the Van^se-Kiauigy or to send 
to fiin*ign {Nirts, shall follow the regulations ad<»pted towards other 
nations. 

Cust4»m House officers who do not comply with the regulations, 
or who may exa<*t more dutirs than are due, shall be punished 
acctmling to the Chinese laus. 

ARTICLE XXX IX. 

Light 'houses, But*ys, and Light -.ihip*, 

Tlie consuls and local authorities shall consult ti^^fther when 
necessary as to the const? ucti^n of light-houses and Uie placing of 
buoys and light-shi[)& 

284 



^ 



No. 45.] CHINA AND POr.TUOAL. [Dec. 1, 1887. 

[Ooin]ii«ro«, Ac] 

ARTICLE XI. 

Paynunt of Duties in Si/cee, Silccr, or Foreign Coin, 

Duties shall be \ya\d U) the Imnkere authorized by the Chinese 
CSovemnient to receive them in sycre, or in foreign coin, accoixling 
to the otticial assay made at Canton on the 15th July, 1843. 

ARTICLE XLI. 

Weights and Measures. 

In onler to secure the re^jularity of weights and measures, and 
to avoid confusion, the Sui>erintendent of (customs will hand over 
to the Portuguese Consul at each ot the ojK3n ports standanis 
siuiihir to those given by the Treasury Department for collection 
of public dues al the Customs at Canton. 

ARTICLE XLIL 

Confiscation of Vessels trading with other than Open Ports, 

Portuguese merchant sliips may resort only to those ports of 
Cliina which are declared open to commerce. It is forbidden to 
thiMii, except in the c4iso oi frree majntr provided for in Article 
XIX, to enter into other iK)rts, or to carry on a clandestine trade 
on the coiist of China, and the transgressor of this order shall be 
8ubJ«*ct to confiscation of his ship and cargo by the Chinese 
Cluvcrnmeut 

ARTICLE XLIIL 

Trade from Pert to Port or with Afaca^). 

All Portuguese vessels despatched from one of the open ports 
of China to another, or to Macao, are entitled to a certificate of the 
Custom House, which will exempt them from paying new tonnage 
dui's during the period of four mouths, reckoned from the date of 
clearance. 

ARTICLE XLIV. 

Punishment of Vessels found Smuggling, 

If any Portuguese merchant-ship is found smuf^^ling, the goods 
smuixgled, no matter of what nature or value, will be subject to 
Con ti Million by the Chinese authorities, who may send the ship 
away from the port after settlement of all her accounts, and 
proliibit her to continue to trade. 

ARTICLE XLV. 

Extradition of Criminals, 

As regards the delivery of Porttiguese and Chinese crinunals 

2S5 



I>ec. 1, 1887.] CHINA. AND PORTUGAL. [Ho. 45. 

[Gk>inxii«rc«, ftc.] 

with the exception of the Chinese criminals who take refuge in 
Macao, and for wliose extradition the Governor of Macao will 
continue to follow the existing practice after the receipt of a due 
requisition from the Viceroy of the two Quangs, it is agreed that, 
in the Chinese ports open to foi^eign trade, the Chinese criminals 
who take refuge at the house or on board the ships of.Poituguese 
subjects, shall be aiTested and delivered to the Chinese authorities, 
on their applying to the Portuguese Consul, and likewise the 
Portuguese criminals who take refuge in China shall be arrested 
and delivered to tlie Portu«,'uese authorities on their applying to 
the Chinese authorities, and by neither of the parties shall the 
cruninals be harboured, nor shall there be delay in delivering 
them. 

ARTICLE XLVI. 

Duration and Beinsion of Tariff and Commercial Articles of Treaiy. 

It is agreed that either of the High Contracting Parties to this 
Treaty may demand a revision of the Tartii', and of the Commercial 
Articles of tliis Treaty, at the end of 10 years ; but if no demand 
Ikj made on either side within six months after the end of the fii*st 
10 years, then the Tariff shall remain in force for 10 years more, 
reckoned from the end of the preceding 10 years, and so it shall 
be at the end of each successive 10 years. 

ARTICLE XLVIL 

Consular Jurisdiction, Disputes between Portuguese. 

All disputes arising between Portuguese subjects in China with 
regard to rights, either of property or person, shall be submitted to 
the jurisdiction of Portuguese authorities. 

ARTICLE XLVIIL 

Chinese Jurisdiction^ Criminal Cases* Chinese against Portuguese, 

Wlienever Chinese subjects become guilty of any criminal act 
towards Portuguese subjects, the Portuguese authorities must 
report such acts to the Chinese autliorities, in order that the guilty 
be tried according to the laws of China. 

Consular Jurisdiction, CHminal Cases, Portuguese against Chinese, 

If Portuguese subjects become guilty of any criminal act 
towards Chinese subjects, the Chinese authorities must report such 
acts to the Portuguese Consul in order that the guilty be tried 
according to the laws of Portugal. 

ARTICLE XLIX. 

Fraudulent Debtors, 

If any Chinese subject shall have become indebted to a Portu- 

286 



N 



Mo. 46.] CHINA AND PORTUGAL. [I>m. 1, 1887. 

[OfwnmOTO», Ae.j 

miese subject aiid withholds payment, or fraudulently absconds 
Irom his creditor, the Chinese authorities shall use all their efforts 
U> appriiheiui him and to compel him to pay, the debt being 
l>n*viou8ly prove<J, and the {jossibility of its payment ascertained. 

The Portugese authorities will likewise use their efforts to 
enforce the payment of any debt due by any Portuguese subject to 
a Chinese subject. 

But in no case will the Portuguese Government or the Chinese 
Government be considered responsible for the debts of their 
subjects. 

ARTICLE L 

Pet it ions to Chineu AuihorUies thrmujh rortvffueM Consuls. 

Whenever any Portuguese subject shall have to petition the 
Chiuase authority of a district, he is to submit his statement 
Ivforuhand to the Consul, who will cause the same to be forwarded 
should he see no impropriety in so doing ; otherwise he will have 
it written out in other terms or decline to forward it. Likewise 
when a Chinese subject shall have occasion to petition the Portu- 
guese Consul, he will only be allowed to do so through the Chinese 
authority, who shall proceed in the same manner. 



ARTICLE LI. 
Settlement of Disputes and Clnims. 

Portuguese subjects who may have any complaint or claim 
against any Chinese subject shall lay tlie same before the Consul, 
who will take due cognizance of the case, and will use all his 
efforts to settle it amicably. Like\*i8e, when a C/hinese subject 
shall have occasion to complain of a Portuguese subject, the Consul 
will listen to his complaint, and will do what he possibly can to 
re-est^iblish harmony between the two parties. 

If, however, the dispute be of such a nature that it cannot be 
settled in that conciliatory way, the Portuguese Consul and Chinese 
autiiorities will hold a joint investigation of the case, and decide it 
with equity, applying each the laws of his own country according 
to the nationality of the defendant. 

ARTICLE LIL 
Missiimaries. Chinese Protection of Catholie Religion, 

The Catholic religion has for its essential object the leading 
of men to virtue. Persons teaching it and professing it shall alike 
be entitled to efficacious protection from Chinese Authorities ; nor 
shall such persons, pursuing peaceably their calling and not 
offending against the laws, be persecuted or interfered with. 

287 I 



Dec. 1, 1887J CHINA AND PORTUGAL. [No. 46. 

[Opium Trade of Kaoao.J 

ARTICLE LIII. 

English Text of Treaty to he Mndiru/. 

Ill order to prevent for the future any discussiou, and con- 
sidering that the English language, among all foreign languages, is 
the most generally known in China, this Treaty, with the Special 
Convention appended to it, is written in Portuguese, Chinese, and 
English, and signed in six copies, two in each language. All these 
versions have the same sense and meaning, but if there should 
happen to beany divergence in the interpretation of the Portuguese 
and Cliinese versions, the English text, will be made use of to 
resolve the doubts that may have arisen. 

ARTICLE LIV. 

The pi*esent Treaty, with the Convention appended to it, shall 
be i-atified by His Most Faithful Majesty the King of Portugal 
and the Algarves and His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China. 

The exchange of the ratifications shall be made, within the 
shortest possible time, at Tien-tsin, after which the Treaty, with 
the Convention appended, shall be printed and published in order 
that the functionaries and subjects of the two countries may have 
full knowledge of their stipulations and may fulfil them. 

In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the present Treaty, and have affixed their seals thereto. 

JUone at Pekin this 1st day of the month of December, in the 
year of our Lord Jesus Christ 1887, corresponding with the 
Chinese date the 17th day of 10th moon of 13th year of Kwongsu. 

(LS.) THOMaS de SOUSA ROSA; 
(LS.) CH'ING. 
(L.S.) SUN. 



(No. 46.) CONVENTION appended to the Treaty of Finend- 
ship and Covimerce between Fortufjal and China of Decemher 1, 
1887 (Opinm Trade of Macao), Peking, December 1, 1887.* 

It having been stipulated in Article IV of the Treaty of Amity 
and Commerce concluded between Portugal and China on the Ist 
day of the month of December, 1887 (No. 45), that a Convention 
shall be arranged between the two Contracting Parties in order to 
establish a basis of co-operation in collecting the revenue of opium 
exported from Macao to Chinese ports, the Undersigned, Thomas 
Rosa, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of His 

* Signed also in the Fortugufse and ChinoBO languages. S. P. Vol. 78, 
Page 581. 

288 



Mo. 46.] CHINA ANU PORTUGAL. [0ec. 1, 1887. 

[Opium Tnui« of Xaoao.J 

MoHt Faitljful Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves Id 
Sfiecial Mission U) (Miiiia, and His Highnesa Prince Ch'ing, Presi- 
dt'iit n( the Tsuu;:-li-Yanu*n, and Sun. Minister of the T8un«;-li- 
Y inu'ii. anti Si»nior Vice-President of the Jioanl of Works, Minister 
PleiiijMitentiary of His Imperial Majesty the Knii)eror of China, 
have agreed on the following Convention in three Articles: — 

ARTICLE L 

I'ortugal will enact a Law subjecting the opium tmde of Macao 
to the following provision : — 

1. No opium shall be imported into Macao in quantities less 
than one chest. 

'2. All opium imported into Macao must forthwith on arrival 
Ix* reported to the competent Department under a public func- 
ti(»nary api)oint««l by the Portuguese Government to suj)erintend 
the importation and exportation of o|)ium in Macao. 

3. No opium imported into Macao shall be transhipped, landed, 
stoHMl, rtMuovetl from one store to another, or exported, without a 
I>ermit issueil by the Superintendent. 

4. The importers and exporters of opium in Macao must keep 
a register according to the form furnished by the (jrovernmeni, 
showin}4 with exactness and clearness the quantity of opium they 
have imported, the number of chests they have sold, to whom and 
to what place they were disposed of, and the quantity in stock. 

5. Only the Macao opium fanner and persons licensed to sell 
opium at retail will be permitted to keep in their custody raw 
opium in <[uantities inferior to one chest 

6. Regulations framed to enforce in Macao the execution of 
this Law will be equivalent to thoae adopted in Hong Kong for 
similar purposes.^ 

ARTICLE IL 

Permits for the exportation of opium from Macao into Chinese 
ports after being issued shall be communicated by the Superin- 
t4Mident of Opium to the Commissioner of Customs at Kung-pac- 
nan. 

ARTICLE III. 

J^y mutual consent of both the High Contracting Parties, the 
Hiipulations of this Convention may be altered at any time. 

In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
and 8eale<l this C Convention. 

Peking, this Ist day of liecember, in the year of Our Lord 
.K'MLs Christ 1887, corresponding with the Chinese date the 17th 
dav of 10th moon of 13th year of Kwongsu. 

(LS.) THOMAg DE SOUSA ROSA. 
(LS.) CH'ING. 
(LS.) SUN. 

• AfrrM-nu>tit llih September, 1886 (MO. 16)- Pa«« ^- 

289 C 2 



n«c. 1. 1887] rillNA AND roRTroAL. [Mo. 47. 

[Opium TnUU of Maoao.] 



(No. 47.) ACfUEEMEST Mtrem IWtmjal otuf China, rt- 
Sftertiiitf thf (\4Uctwn of the Ihities un tPjfihM. /VJl*iM//, Ikcimhtr 

1.1 X87.* 

The Iwisis of the (MwnK'mtion to 1k» given to (1iiim l»y Portugal 
it) tlio i'nlli'otion (if duties (»ii (>|>iuiii convcvtHl from Muciki to 
CMiini'so iM»rt,«i I'.jutiij: UMfii tixtnl Ky h ( 'oiiwiition a|»]if*iido4l U> the 
Tn»aty of Amity iiikI ComnuTce ccmflucled lietwet»n (*hina and 
Portugal on the Ist l>eremWr, 1887 (No. 46), and it l»einc now 
convenient to <M»mp to an understanding u|>on Home |>oint« relating 
to the said eo-o|ieration. a** well as to fix nih*>« for the tn*atnient i»f 
Chine.Ht* junks trading with Macao, Sir KoU*rt Hart. K.(\M.(t., 
(ns|M»rtor-< General of the Cliine>H' lni|ierial Maritime (uHtom.^. 
provided with the ne<eH.vary instrnriionH from the rhines** (fovem- 
uicnt, and llainardo IMnheiro (*om»ia de MeUo. St retard' of the 
S]MM'ial Mission of His Most Faithful Majesty in Peking, duly 
authoriztnl hy his Kneellen^'y Thomas de Siuni IJosh, Chief <»f the 
taid ^iittsion, have agn*ed on the following: — 

AKTICLE I. 

An office under a (.'ommisnioner aj»|M)inted hy the Foreign 
lnA|>ect4»rate f»f the(*hin«\se lm)M*rial Maritime (*ust4imft shall U* 
<»stahlished at a convenient s|M»t on rhineM* territ4iry for the ^ile 
of opium «iuty certitieates. to lie fre^dy nnld to Mai's!) m«*n'hants, 
and tor sueh (|uantiti(*s (»f opium im they may require. The saiti 
('ommissioner will also administer the rusi4mi.s sUition nc*ar 
Macao. 

AKTK LK 11. 

Opmm acc4»mi)auietl hy such certifieates at the rale of not 
irnnv than 110 laeU }»er picul shall U* fn*e ln»m all other im|Mi6tA of 
every S4*rt, and have all the U'uetits iitipulale«l for hy the Addi- 
tional Aitiole of the ChefiKj Convention Utweeu China and (in*at 
l*ritauit on U-half of opium on vihuh duly has lieen |taid at one of 
the |M*rts of China, ami may U* made up in healetl {larceU at the 
option oi the purvhaMer. 

AKTICLK III. 

The C^ommisaioner of (^ustonis res)>onsihle for the managenient 
oi the t.ustoms .stations shall in\e>tigiite and ^'ttle any romplaint;! 
made hy the Chinese mendiants ot Macao again»t the Cubtoms 
0tati<»ns or revenue cruixer^. 

The (Governor of MaiMo if he deem% it adviAalde. shall lie 
entitled to tend an othcer of Macao to hi' pn*sent and assist in Um 

• 8. r \ ol 78 Pm» us. 

t Jiilj 18. 18II& <M0. 14) f*H« M 

2V0 



Ho. 47.] CHIXA AND PORTUOAU [Hec I, 1887. 

[Opium Trmdm of Kmmu>.] 

investi^tion and decision. If, however, they do not agree, a 
refenMue may lie made to the authorities at Peking for a joint 
ilecision. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Junks trailing Iwtween Chinese jiorts and Macao and their 
rargcM's shall not \ye subject to any dues or duties in excess of 
those leviable on junks and their cargoes trading betwetm Chinese 
j)i)rts and Hong Kong, and no dues whatsoever shall be demanded 
from junks proceeding to Macao from ports in China, or coming 
from Macao to ports in C'hina over and above the dues paid or 
[Miyable at the ports of clearance or destination. Chinese produce 
which has |>aid customs duties and li-kin tax bbfore entering 
Macao may be re-ex|>orted from Macao to Chinese ports without 
paying customs duties and li-lrin tax again, and will 1)6 subject to 
the payment of only the tax named hsiatt-htw. 

In witness whereof this agreement has been written in Portu- 
\l{\r<v and English, and signe<i in duplicate at Peking, this the Ist 
duv of December, 1887. 

(LS.) KOBEKT HART, Inxpector-Gefieral of Chinese Im- 

pervd Maritime Customs, 
(LS.) BERNAKDO PINHEIRO CURREIA de MELLO, 
Secretarif of His Most Faithful Majesty's Special 
Mission. 



•J91 



lflH9] rillN'A AND Rl'ftSIA. [No.48. 



(No. 48.» TREATY nj hnr., /A.«/iiAi/-v, c{v.. /**/»r#-o< rhimt tnui 
liUssin, — Siifnt'tl in 1»JH1>.* 

I IK'iv an* ^ivni ih«* iiuiiirs nl* ihr i*U*iii(N)tc'iititirii*.sJ. 

SViant aHMMiiM/s pnM-li** 1»- lNMir>;«l(*Ni|»t4'hr)n.r;ui vinj^t-huititim* 
<le Khiin^'-lii.t tlunmt la si»|itii!iu* luiif, avin; le« ^^rHinlM aiuUiSMi- 
iliMirs |il«'iii|Mit«'nliuin*s Tlu'iM|«.ro, Alexinvip/. Ciolnwiii, Okoliiiiz. et 
li(MiU*iiant til* liraiiki.t't si*s ruinpn^iiiuns.aHn «U* n*|)riiiii»r riiiMiItMH-e 
ill* n»rtaiiit»> «'aimill«*s (**/■) ijui. faisaiit iK*s cmirsi'.s Iiors il«« liiiiitofi 
ilf ItMirs lerrt'S jumr y chasMT, pillnit, UuniX, Kt»xeileiit den tntuhles 
rt <li*s hn>iiilK*rit'H: coinine aussi {N>ur tli*U'riiiiiK*r clairi'iiieiit et 
distitK'Iciiifiit <l<'s U»riie.i t*ntn* les <l(*ux t*ii)|»ii-e8 <it* la (*hiiii* t*l (!<• 
la M<H4ovii*. rt ciitiii |N)ur rtalilir uiii* (Niix t*t iiiit* iiitelli^iMirt* 
i*tc»rii«'IIi's. nuus H«»n»iiies conveims. jMir nn acct>nl iinitm'K iIch 
aitirlfs suivatil-s. 

AUTULK I. 

Xjh rivi«'n» noiinm*e KerU*t4*lii. i\\\\ ost In \A\\% pniche «li» la 
rivi^n* C'lioriia. ap]K*lf't.M*ii tartan* ihin»tiaii. <*t <|ui m* di'rliaivf ilaiin 
W tlt*uvr Sav;hali«*n-nula, s«*rvir.i «!«• Inihh*'* J aux «I«mi\ I'liipin*?* ; rt 
(H'ttv loii;^nir (*liaiiK* «i«* iiiniitju;nt's ijiii i-Nt au-«)i'HsiMi.«) lie la Hoiinv 
lie lailite riviere tie Kerbeti-hi. et qui sVteiiil juHi|Uft In iiit*r 
Orii*iitale, M-rvini aus^i Av Uiriies eiitre h-s ileux eiiipin-M : en Mirte 
ipie Imite'^ Ifs rivieivH nii^s4*aiix ^rnituls ou {n'tiU «|ui e«»iil«'iil tie la 
(Kirtii* iiii'tiilintialt* <le ei*M iiiutita^iics i*t voiil w ji*ler ilaiLs le tlmve 
<ie Saiflialifii-Oula, et toiit^'S I**?* tern*.H § et |Mys t|ui ^trnt au huiI ilu 
siiininet iU*H<iite.*« !iioiita<jiie** ap)mrtieii«ln»iit a I'l'iiipin* (1«* la Chine ; 
et 1 1 Ml* touu*s les terres, 1 «»>*?*. rivitTe.'* et niiji»*e.iu\. ijui Himt «|e 
Tantn* «*i*it«'' <iu sutiiniet ili*s antn*s inonta^nef* HV't«'ti«laiit wn* le ii«»ril, 
il«*iiieu!i'n»tit .1 1 einpin* di* Mi»^*ovi(*, nv***- eette rlause ii«'-aiiiii<iiii» 
(pie tout If |tays ipii c^t iiniuediateuifiit eutn* laditi* ehutlie de 
lunnta^fiics i-t la rivien* ii«*n)iui''c thidi ilemeun*ra iudc''K jujM|u'a 

* KnMii " Artboc* I)i|iliiniAtiqur«.' IVvl, ruaM> 1 iV timit^ r%\ lifv fir U 
" lV»«n|>ti..M ilr la i'liinr.' au I' l»ii If ■Mf I rill Mill fir \m lUlr. ITM. I IV, 
|*Ai:r 212' Ik flit lrm<liiit •! Utiii rit f rm' v^i* |«r Ir I' C^rrKilli»fi. jt'*«uitr frmiifU*. 
«|Ui. A«r( ir I* IhoiiiAA I'rrrTm. j«»hitr p(»r*uff«a» fiim.l rlkarCM |mr U* rrlrbrp 
riii|irrrur khaiiK ■ i «raivi<tti|njEi.rr Ir* ]*irni|M»lrtit lai rr« rhint»i* ilan* U Vfaitr Atm 
fn«iilirri* »%«•« ie* rnrojir* ruaar*. rff «lf %tTr\T irinKTfir^lr* mux ilrut lArtm l« 
Ir«it4* ifui flit «*iiriii k U •iii*f -Ir li*!it;ii<-« itrirm-iali<«fia, 'Itmt \e P U^^hillMii ilonnr 
If r/«Mt «lrt.iill-> flit fr>ltirr rn fl«»iiKlr ri|4 lil»i»n. rti Uliii. ymr liii rt aon rvMifr^ffV. 
\jk trtfttlui *i<ifi i|>i'i) rii • faitr I i-rii^rnr m frmiUk'mi* firiil ilnrn- Hre run»Ml<-r4ir i*t»ma« 
ffilt-tr rt aulhrntii^ur \je iiii»«i>iif:.itn*, au •urplu* U •lotiur n»ni»r trilr 

f ( •<rri*«|ta'niiAiit k lfX*<lr iit»l rv rrr. •rl«iii llailU (" lliMoirr c^i.rrmlrilr *• (liiii*, 
t XI. }*A|E*' lliii. !•*• Anr^alr* i|r yr\ rmpirv plibv-rftiri.l \m ■iffrtBtiiiv <|p rr trmit^ 4 1ft 
iiiij;t-*r)4irnir ftnnrr KKa* ir*hi. r'r«t Adirr « lilHH I^m Aonftlrv tlr U dvilMtM 
•tniiiiitr n gfT m nfr x\r d'*Taiil hKrr in pntu«-«^ rt mtilur* |iiihti.|i4r« 4|u'«|ir^ 1a fln iW 
oHIr itinaatir i^iiun.r i*'r«* Tu^Aitr ret t'hinr. U vrnfirstiun ilr t-rttr tUtt noua cit 
ifitpi««iblr 

X On plulAi d« Umitr 

) T»mtoirM 

292 



No. 48.] CHINA ANT> RUSSIA. [1680. 

[BonndariM, 4^] 

00 quo las amba-saadeurs des deux partis, ^tant retoum^s dans leur 
pays, nyant pris les inf<»mmti()n8 et les connaiHsances noeessaires 
jMHir traitor do c^t article, apn^s quoi on ddcidera raffaire, ou par 
di»s anilwissadours ou jmr lettres. 

I)e plus, la rivit'»re nonuu^ Er^nc?, qui se docharge aussi dans 
le tleuve Sa«^halien-Oula, sorvim de l)onies enlre les deux en pires; 
on sorto (jue toutes les terrea et pays (jui sont an sud de ladite 
rivion» d*F'r<»on(^ • appartiendront ;\ I'enipereur de la Chine ; et tout 
ce qui est an nonl (lemourera a lonipire de Ma«covie. Toutes les 
luaisons et liabitations (pii sont prcwntenient au sud de ladite 
rivion* <!*Erj»ono, a renilK>uchure de la riviure de Meritken, seront 
transfK>rU'os de I'autre cot^?, sur le Ixml septentrional de TErgono. 

ARTICLE II. 

/%/*//vvt"« hnii( hif Rusawns at Yncsa (Albtizin) to }*e demidished. 

Ijd fortiTesse l)atie jmr les Mascovites, ilans le lieu noninicS 
Vacsii, sera entioriMuent deniolie ; et tons les sujets de renipire de 
Moscovie, qui denieurent dans ladite forteresae, seront ranienes avec 
tons leurs efl'eU sur les terres appartenant k la courunne de 
Moscovie. 

Hunters and Thieves not to Cross the Frontier, 

Ijes chasseurs des deux empires ne pourront, [)our quelque 
caust* 4[ue re soil, passer au dela de ces homes ainsi detennineea 

Offenders to be Punished, 

Quo s'il arrive ([u'une ou deux i)er8onne8 de petite consequence 
(.^ir) faasent tjiuelques excursions au dela des iimites, soit |>our 
clutsser, suit pour voler ou piller, on les preudra aussitot, et on lea 
uirnem aux ^uvenieurs et otticiers etahlis sur les frontitres dea 
duux onipires, et lesdits gouverneurs, informes de la qualite du 

1 rime, les puniiont comme ils le m^riteront. 

Que si des gens, assembles jusqu'au nomhre de dix ou de 
ijuin/e, vont en armes chasser ou piller sur les terres qui sont au 
dola de lours limites; ou s'ils tuent quelques sujets de I'autre 
oountnne, on en infonnera les empereurs des deux empires, et tons 
leux qui senmt trouvi*s couiMiblesde ce crime seront punis de mort; 
t»l on no suscitera jwint de guerre pour quelque exces que ce puisae 
rtro <io personnel jmrticulieres ; U»aucoup moinsagira-tron par voie 
do fait on nq>an<lant du sang. 

ARTICLE IIL 
Past E rents to he Buried in Oblivion. 

Tout ee cjui s'est jiasae just|U*k prdsent, de queh|ue nature qu'il 
puisse etre. sera ensoveli dans un <Jtemel oubli. 

• T/Argonn. 

292) 



16»».] CHINA AND RUSSIA. iHo. 48. 

[Bonndaii**, Ao.] 

ARTICLE IV. 

Surren4irr of f^o/itirrs and Ikstrtert, 

Depuis le j(»ur ou cette {laix i^ternelle eutre les deux empires 
aura I'te jun't*. on \w recevni plus aucun trausfu^ ou dt'serteur, de 
part iii J'autre. MaU si ([ueliiue sujet d'un des deux empires 
s'enfuil <laas les lerres de I'autre. il sera aussitot priB et reiivoyiS. 

ARTICLE V. 

Suhjtrti of citfur Empire tu remit in in Territory of the other, 

TfMis le.H Hujt'tA de la counmiie de Mottcovie (|ui sont prvseiite- 
int*tit ilauH lViii|>ire de la Chine ; et tons ceux de la C4>un>une de 
la < 'liint* <|ui a^mi pnWntiMuent dans rein|»ire de Mos^ovie, deuieure- 
ront dans T^Uit ou ils S4>nt 

ARTICLE VL 
Hitjht to Tmiri, tcith /\tMjH»ri*, and to Trade, 

Ayant r^Mrd au pn'>s4*nt tniitr de (laix et d'union n'ciproque 
entre les <iiMix (*oun>nnes, toutes Hort«'s di* |H*rmHines, de ^uelque 
condition <[uVlli».s puinsent iHn*. |NMirn»nt aller et vfuir nfcipnujue- 
ment avei* tout4* sorte de liUfrtt*. des terres sujettes k Tun des deux 
empires dans i^elles de Tautre, |KHir>'u (pi'iU aient deis patentes par 
lest|uelK*M il mnsti* (pi'ils viennt'at avtn- tM*rnii«8i(in ; et il leur sent 
|R*rmiH <le vtMidre el d arlieter t4»ut ce <[U*iN jugen»nt a proiMis. ft de 
fain* un ri»ninn»n"e nVipnujue. 

\\A^ i*«>nt«»nu dtM*e iraitt* hit fHtvtiwmenl j»Tav«5i*n Innf^ics niHse, 
latim*. 4'hin<»iM% niandchout* t*t m«>n^id(\ sur une colunne en pierre 
^ri^H! a ront*nt de IVmlM»uc*hure ilu grand ^ M*rbitsi, sur la gauche 
du tieuve Amour.] 



L 



Ho. 49.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [2^1727. 



CNO. 49.) TREATY of Peace, Boundaries, Sfc., between 
China ami Hiissin. Signed 2\8t Octcher, 1727. 

Tmiti de Paic entre la Chine et la Eiissie, sujni et prodamd a la 
Front i^rr Chinoise le 21 Oftobre, 1727, ct ratiJU nu nom de 
rEm}>freur Pierre //, le 14 Juin, 1728.* 

[Here are given the names of the Plenipotentiaries.] 

ARTICLE I. 
Pca^ce. 

liO prcfsent traiU' a 6x/6 conchi pour la conservation (^temelle de 
hi paix entre h»s dtMix empires. II est done eonvenu que, de ee jour, 
cha4|ue empire doit gfmverner et surveiUer avec soin ses sujets. 
En vertu de la paix eon'jlue, il maintiendra et gardera rigounjuse- 
nient les siens, afin d'empecher ce «|ui pourrait donner lieu k des 
diHputes. 

ARTICLE II. 

Surrender of Fugitires. 

C'e tmitc de paix actuel, renouvele et conclu entre les deux 
eiupiivs, veut qu'il nu soit plus question de ce qui est arrive ante- 
rieurement entre les deux puissances. 

Ia*s tmnsfuges precetlents ne sert)nt pas redemandes, et ils reste- 
mnt dans I'enipire o{i ils se trouvent ; mais c^eux qui [msseront 
don'navant la frontiere ne pourront, sous aucun pretext^*, etre 
retenuH. 11 faut, au contraire, les chercher sans delai. |>our les 
pi^ndre et les raniener aux autorites des fronti&res respectives. 

ARTICLE IIL 

Boundaries, 

Les grands de IVmpire du Milieu et ie comte illyrien Sawa 
Wladislawitche, ambassadeur de Tempire des Oros, jugirent que 
Tobjet principal de leurs travaux (^tait la fixation de la fnmti^re 
des deux empires ; mais qu'il serait impossible de la n^gler avec 
exactitude, si Ton n'inspectait pas scrupuleusement le terrain. 
Dans ce but: 

Le comte illyrien Sawa Wladislawitche, ambassadeur de Tempire 
des Oros, se rendit lui-mSme k la frontiere avec Tsereng, adjudant 

* From " ArohiTM DiplonuUiquM,'* 1861, Tome 1. Tndait fur I'ongioal 
BUMidchou, et puUi6 kveo le texte maodohou p^r KUpioUi (Une m " Chrettomaithie 
mandchotie." Pane, 1828. 

Mari^ne ■»?• (N.S. Tome I., p. 711, 1889) "ThiiTraatj wm concluded in the 
name of the KmprvM Catherine Aleiieiiria (whoee death wae not then known), and 
wa* ratified in the name of the Kmperor, Peter 11., 14th June, 1728 ; and that the 
ratiftcatioM were lehenfid near the Border of Kiaehta (pr^ dee barde).** 

295 



Oct. 21. ,^. 



s«f "1; '^-'•' nusx Avn rrRsiA. ''No.48. 

U*'n«'nil «lr IVnijiin* <lu MiliiMi. |)«»n»i-iLriynii. vir«»-n»i t\o jilnHionrM 
iiiUiis iiii»iiv;ulrs «-t iMMii-tils •!«• rriiiiN*n'iir. 

lH-s/.iim*. ('oiiiiimiiilntit tlf l:i i;:ir«l«» iinjH'*riiilf. «»l 

T'nilirhiii. virf-|irt'Hiiiriit ilii iniiiistii* *\v la i^iHTr**. 

IN •*'at«'ini|«-rriii lie la iiiiiinrn* Hiiivanti* ^ur I**** rii«lniii« jmr 
|rsinifl> lii liniiiirn* <ii*vait passiT. Ia' |»iiy< sinit* rntn* li* c*or|«< do 
i^anli* «lf rriii|iin' ilrs Oiiis, au|iivs <lii rui^Hi*au <|<* Kiakt«iii ri TOIk) 
niM'iH'iMii ilf ])ifn'i*s i|iii S4*rt «lt* sii:ii:il) ik* r<Mii|iin* du MiliiMi. <itui* 
sm If haul "111 iimut Oikli-niiMi. lui* •'•In- I'^aU'iiifiit jMitai*i', ri Ktui 
tlnit y I'lrvi-r nil (aiitrtM <»m» ijni <<4*rvini conniit* iiian|ii«* dr la 
tYtiiiliin*. Au uit'-iiK* t*ii«in>it oii (ImIi au.^^i •'talilir rriitri*|H'tt dt* 
««»iiiinrrif I't y i*\jMMlitT d«'> ('•»iiuiiLH»i;iirr>. 

J)t» CM? liiMi a l\*st la fnmlitTr jut-i*' sur la rn*t«* d»* I*M)iirvroul«M, 
jusijiraji tiir| s df ^iirdr dr Kiran. A|»n*H \v vnr\*^ dr ;;anif dt* 
Kuan, •^••nt l^ikltM, Arnu-Kidtmrt* rl AnMi-KhaiidaipjsiMi ; la fnm- 
lii-i'r s«' diri;;i* j»ar «••!* t|iiatn* ('•»r|»s di* '^irdi*** ni li;:iii* dn»it»'. If I»»ii^ 
lit* la livirif di' Ti'liMiikuii Trliiknu d'Aniii-KliadativT^^iMi, jiis4|irau 
»<i^iial dii r.irp** df 'janl** M«»ii*^itl T-iai^ati-Onla (iiiiititai;ii«* lilaiirlic). 
1^' ilfMTt, riiln- If pays lialiit*'* par Ii*h snjttt^ df I'lMiipinMlfs OiiM.et 
fiitre If.s si^ii.iux ilfs mrps df ;;ard(\'< M<>ii;;t»|s dt* I'l'iuiiiiv dii Mili«*u 
s<Ta (tarta^t' I'-^alfUh'tit comtiif a Kiaktmi. L'l «»u il y u. daiL»i It* 
voihliia^r «lii pay-N liai»il«' j»iir U*^ siijfts d«" rriiii»in* dfs Onis, dw 
iiif»iita;:iii>s. iii*> suiiuiifts df ni<'iifa;:iit'^ ft df-* rivii-n"*. ils •nTvinmt 
a riftfriiiiiifr la liinitf ; fl la **n U-.-* iinttita^^iifH ft tlf^ rivit'-n*'^ .v>iit 
dans If \ti»siiia;:i* d«"* ruip.-s ill* :iardf Mohj^mU. fllrs s4>p>iit pan*ille« 
iiifiit ihiiisir. iHtiii- d<-tfi'iiiiiifi la liiiiitf. M.ii*> la «iu il n'y a 
ipif df va-^tfs plaiiifs, saii> iiioiit;i;:nf>. iii livii-rf-^. uii lf> u |»4ir- 
ta;^i^*> f;:alfuifiit. ft I'tui a •'riu'f au iiiilifii df^ nmrnuf^ |mhii tixi»r 
la t'n»rili>'*if. iiiii a it*' aiii-^i I'taMif dfpiii** It* "^iu'iial <lii <.-mi|i> ilr 
pinl»* df Tsi;:aii-« »iila. juMijiraiix l-H-U Af la riMi'tf d'Kr;»<»uiif 
^Ar^oin;,. 

Ia'^ i*iivt»\i"« df:* d«-u\ fiiipii«"<. jnuir iii>|»»*fii'i lf»» li'Mi\ Him.'^ 

fli di'hiu> dii >i;:i».il dii i'**\\»^ ili* uiaidf Mmii^^ijI df T>.i^aii-< )«»1a, 
fi»iiviiiii*iit df fuiuiiiiif la fruMtifn*. ilf^ dfux !*i;;iiau\ 'In luilifii 
flf\' •* a KiiktMii i-i ^m \v inoiit <)rkli<iitMU. a rMiii'<.i, jiiir l«-» hfux 
<<ui\.tiit.s : i*ar It-H iiii»iit> 1 MkliMit'iU. T<»uiiifii. K«>ii<}> ii«'ukliMiin. 
riil>ikt«iu. K«"ln»i*" '»u KiH-liiiir^;:!!.* tVi" 

!>' uniiiMi <if ( i-it<' I haiiii* •li* iiiiitil.fjiifH •'..'alfiiifiit |i:irta>;i'f fut 
ailiiii^ «->tiiiiiif liiiiitf. Li oil d \ .i d*-* in«*iita^ii«'s t-t di^ ii\ifriM 

m 

au uidifU. i-Ilf^ Milt ft*- 1 'jali-nH'iit pa rt.iu'* ■•■•'. df inaiiitn* •juai-tUfllf- 
lufiit, dtpui^ !•■ < 'iia1iiiiai-I >alt.i;^aii jii'«<|u\iU\ U^riU d« l.i nvi^n* 
<1 Kp^oiiuf. t*iui If •{uif^tau Hud<df !a :i>>uvfllf tr'niirif ap]i.iitiftit 
ji IV lupin- tlu MiluMi t'l If iot«" •^•ptfiilri iiial a r>inpiif d«-»» Hiuh. 

Apns avMir l»Tiiiiii'- la iiivi'»ii»ii du |«ay'» ft ••ii a\i»ii- Piliiit- uiu» 
dtM-riptiuii ft uin' « .irt*' ixai tf •*, If* 'irux |urnfN i« li.iiii»f n*iil 
rffippH^itfiufiit fi-^ dfs«'ripti<*iis <Mi lf<« DMint auv i^nupU den 
diMix fiupitf*. N'^ HU|i't> ihr- dfux Ktat'i ijui s«* tn»u\t*n*ut <iaaH 

* Il « ft i)-i unr ni>m«*iM-tatiifv • iiiicklrrmtjli- At iikiu* •!• brut mftit-lrhtNit oa 
uwDftoU uiM iMHU eroyont lauiilr il^ rvpriduifv 

296 



Mo. 49.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. LS^T^'* ^'^^' 

pennission au delk de la fronti^re d^termiu^e, et qui y avaieiit 
i'tabli leur habitation, fureut rccherches et ieconduit8 dans leur 
)>ays. La nieme chose eut lieu pour les vagalnMids, de manien> que 
la frontifcre en a (5U? totalement purg<^. 

I..e8 Ouriyangkhai des deux cdt4^, qui donn^rent cin([ zil)elines 
tie tribut, i-est^rent k leura aneiens maitres; mais ceux qui 
jusiju'alorH navaient donne qu*une zil)eliue, en fun»nt exoinpt^'s 
|K)nr Tavenir et du jour de la conclusion de ce Traite. Pour la 
ronfonniU.^ on a nnlige, dcs deux cotes, un pro<'i»*»-verbal qui a ete 
ccbanj^t* ri'»ciprcK|uenient. 



ARTICLE IV. 

Freeilimi of Comvierct, 

Maint^nant (jue la fixation de la fronti^re des deux empires est 
dcterniintM', et qu aucun transfuge ne i>eut plus Otre adniis, il est 
convenu avec le comU^ illyrien Sawa Whulislawitche, ambassadeur 
de leinpire des Oros, d'etablir un libre commerce entre les deux 
£tat& 



Number of Merchants to he admitted at Pekin, 

Le nombre des negociauts qui peuvent aller tons les trois ans k 
Pekin;;, ne doit pas depasser deux cents, conime il a eU^ tixe ante- 
rieurenient Quand a* ne seront que des commen^ants, ils ne 
scnint plus entretenus comnie autrefois ; mais on n'cxigera aucun 
iin|M'»t ou taxe ni du vendeur, ni de I'acheteur. 



Refill lot i&ns respecting Russian Merchants, 

Quand ces neguciants arrivenint k la frontiere, ils devront en 
donner Vavis par ecrit Aprfes la reception de cet avis, on ex)H*diera 
mi ofticier jMiur les n»c<»voir et les accorapagner i cause du commerce. 
S'ils aclu'^tent, {lendant le voyage, des chameaux,des chevaux etdes 
vivres, ou s*ils louent des domestiques. ils lesdoivent aeheter a leurs 
«lcpi*nH. Les neguciants seront sous les ordres d'un chef chargi' de 
H<»igner leurs aflaires ; et s'il survient des diffi^rends entre eux. (^ 
M*Ti\ lui qui les rdglera. Si ce chef des u^gociants est un homme 
•Tun liaut rang, il sera re(;u et traiti^ conform^ment k son rang. 
Toute esp^'e de marchandises peut etre vendue, except^ celles que 
les lois des deux empires ddfendent On ne pormettra ii qui que 
ce soit de rester secrfetement et sanp la pennission de son chef dans 
h* |>ays etranger. Si quelqu'un meurt, tous sea Mens, de quelque 
nature (|u*iU soient, seront remis aux gens de son pays, comme U a 
ite convenu avec ramljaaaadeur des Oroa, le comte illyrien Sawa 
Wladislawitche. Outre le commerce (kit par les cara vanes des 
deux empires, on ^''tablira encore, sur les fronti^res r^iproques 
aupris de Kiaktou, du Seliugga et de Nibtchoo (Nertchinsk), des 



^^'^^ 1727] CniXA AND RUSSIA. [Ko. 48. 

^BonBdaii««, itc] 

maimiiis {MUir le cnnnnen'C uniinuin* qui, seltm t^iuin ie jugeni 
iKM'OHsiiin*, m»nuit iMilniiivfs do hairs «*t «lc palissiulcH. Ceux qui se 
ri'iideiit a i-os lieux |M»ur faire \v coxmiwvvt* <loivent exuotcmeiit 
suivnj la nnittf diriMte. Si qut*h^u'uii Teux sVloij^tu? «lu i^elto mute 
{K>ur fain* lo coniiiu^nv t*n fl'autres lieux. tout^^d ses luan'lmiiiiises 
scriMit rniitisqiin's au profit du <4ouvi*riK*nic*nt. On iiiHUdleni dot 
d*»ux foti's un iioiiiUn; »';^al <l*ot!irifrs, pLu-t's *.iuslo?< onlivs det*iiefa 
d*un rail;,' *''*A^\, «*l <*liar^t''S dc |in»tei;er rt's lifux. Ia« diHuruiid:! 
Si*n»iit arroiuiiiiNl/'s dt* la uiauieru (*niivt*iiui* avec raiiilnuMadcMir de 
IViiipire des nn»s. If runitc illyrieii Sawa Wlailislawiti'lii*. 

AHTKLK V. 

L'lial>itati«in dt*s ()n»s dans la capitals (I Vkin^) S4*rvini dnn*. 
navant a In^cr le^ viiya;{(*ur.s nisscs. Sur l.i dcniandt* du c ^nite 
illyritMi Sawa Wladis^iwilt'la*, aniUis.'siileur de reuipirt' dfs OniH. 
ft aver TaxHistanrc di':i ;cnuid8 di* IVnipire du Milieu, qui s«iiijncnt 
leh atVairtvs lies Ori>s, tin a 4'nn*^truit un U'lnple auph'*s de cHte 
hahitation. \a' pn'tn' (laniaK qui D'side dans la rapitale. y Itij^i'm 
ttvec tn»is autrt'H }>n*'tn*s p«iur liissi^it^r. I>»rs«[ue ivux-ei arrive- 
nuit, ils siTiini «'ntr«'lrnusi nininir leurs pn''do«'«>*vS4*urs et iMuplnVeH 
audit ttMuple. 11 .sent |htiuij* aux Onw dVxen-er leur culte uvtx' 
toutes .s«.vs cvrvninnies el «Ie reiilei leurs priere.H. i^Utttre jeuned 
Onis, sarhant la lan;;ue r{ rerrilure ruvsc et laline. e*. «leux uutrvsl 
plu*» a;;tVs, qut* li* vronite illyii«*n Sawa WluiIinlawiU'lie. andntH^juleur 
tie I'rnqtire il<"^ Oins. a laiWs «lans la i:;ipitale |NMir apprentln* la 
lan^^ue < liiimifi**. doivt-nt tl«*nieun'r dan*« t;e nit'nie lieu. l>Mir 
enln-t it'll .s**ia pay/- pur If i:«»u\trniMni-iit ; ft |iirM|u'iU auruiit 
ui'hexe Irurs t-tuden ils |Miurnint rel«»urnfr dans Ifur {•iiy** 



AKTICLE VI. 

Cvrr^Sfhiiufntce it/the Ort;i, nlnfituj tu Commerce, Ikstriers, and 

Quant a la n)m»»pondanrp fiitn* l«*s ileux oinpin*s. il est trfrs- 
ntVesHiiin* que lt*s Ifttn*^ nnufnt niuiues d'un cachet. \jc thhunal 
dfH atliiin*-* ilt-s pn»vint'i'S fXti'riiMiifs fNt i-har^i' d'ex|H*Mlifr au 
trihunal tlu si«nat «les Opk, Irs httri'^i d** leinpin* «lu MilifU |Niur 
Ti'iupire th'H Ori»s apn-s y avmr iui«* le str^Mu I<^*h iKlres tie 
renipirv des <>ni?» |>»«u; Tenipin* du Milieu d«»ivent t'lrv «'X|M-«lit''«»<i 
au trihunal th*s pnivine*-* ext/'rifures, K niunit.'^^ du H«»«au *W 
reinpin*i|f.«» < >nrt t)u du eath»-t ilu ::t»uverneur df la villetle T«»linNk. 
Tons les impierH ndatifs a la fr*»ntiere «iu aux entnqiut'* tie ri>ni» 
mere, rt ri»nfi'rnant h"^ •h**s*'rt»*urs rai h*** vmN, thiiv«*nt t'tn? ni^neti 
et t\uhfti^ par le T»»UHiyi'l«»u khan Wajal tlonlzi. et h* Waii^ 
iMiidzin 'ImdIzi s'iN vitiiifnt dt* IVmptn* tlu Milieu; et yaa lea 
coiumaiidnnta den ville^ liinitn>phes. a*iU vieiui«iit de rempire Am 

^8 



Ho. 49.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [2^-^^1727. 

[BonndTJ— , 4^] 

Oro«. La correspondance reciproque eutre le Touaiyetou klian 
(des Kidkas) Wajal dordzi, et le Wang Daiidziii dordzi avec les 
On)8, doit Si* faire jmr des hoiuijies eiivoyds expres ut seuleiiient 
par hi route de Kiaktou. (Vi)eudanL il est i)eriiiis de prendre le 
cheinin le plus court s'il s'agit d'une affaire de haute importance. 
En cas de cm intra ventiv)n k ce r^glenient, le Wang (vice-roi) de 
IVontitTu et le connnandant des villes des Oros doivent s'en informer 
n'cipriMiuement, et, apres avoir examine le delit, punir chacun sea 
coupables. 

ARTICLE Vn. 
Affairs of the (h'i)S. Places xitnatrd nr/ir the Onfl and other Rivers. 

Quant aux lieux limitrophes, situes prrs de la rivirre d'Oud et 
autrei?, lis out dejti ete I'objet (Kune negociation entre le grand de 
rinterieur Soungg.)ut<»u et Fioo-dor Aliyeki^iyei (Fe(xior Alexie- 
witehe (lolowin). Ces pays resteront a present indetennines entre 
les deux jwirties ; mais ils sen>nt regies ulterieurement par des 
audwssadeurs ou jmr correspiin dance. A cette occasion, on a dit 
an comte illyrien Sawa Whulislawitche, and)assadeur de I'empire 
des ( )ros : ** Puisque tu as et<5 envoye conime pldnipotentiaire de 
ton inijM^ratrice pour r^ler toutes les affaires, nous devons aussi 
arreter quehiue chose sur ce jwint. Actuellement vos sujets 
jwLHsent sou vent la front i^re pour aller dans la con tree apjielee 
Khinggan Tougourik, et si, par consequent, nous ne prenons pas 
une decision la-dessus pendant cette ncgociation, il est k craindre 
(jue cela nVxcite des differends entre les sujets lniiitn>phe8. De 
sendjiahles diff(^rends <^tant op{>os<^s au contenu du Trait^^ de Paix 
entre les deux empires, nous devons aiTanger cette affaire dans le 
moment meme.*' L'aml>aasadeur de Tempire des Oros, le comte 
illyrien Sawa Wladislawitche, nJpondit : " Mon Imj)^ratrice ne ma 
pas charge de negocier sur les pays situes vers Test. On n'a jms 
une connaissauce assez exacte de ces contrees: il faut done que 
l4>ut resle comme il a ete fixe autrefois; mais jwur empecher que 
personne de nos sujets ne de|>asse la fn)ntiere, je le d^fendrai pour 
i'avenir." Les notres repliquerenl : ** Si ton imi)eratrice ne t'a pas 
cliarge de negocier sur les contrees k Test, nous n en parlerons plus, 
et il faut laisser les choses comme elles sont. Mais, apr6« ton 
retour, intenlis a V(j8 sujets de depasser la fr<»nti6re ; car si 
quelqu'un ^tait saisi par les notres en venant sur notre territoire, 
nous le punirions. Alors vous ne pourriez dire que nous avons 
viole le Traite de Paix. Si, au contraire. quelqu'un de nos sujets 
depasse votre front iire, vous aurez egalement le droit de le punir ; 
enhn. puisque rien n'est decide sur la riviere d'Oud et les 
cantons qui lavoisinent, ils resteront comme auparavant; mais 
vos sujets ne doivent pas sVtahlir plus pr^ qu'ils ne le sont k 
prdsent. 

" Aussitot que Tambassadeur de I'empire des Oros, le comte 
illyrien Sawa Wladislawitche, sera de retour, il exposera tout cela 
k .«oii imp^trice. II faut alors v envoyer des gens qui aieut des 

299 



2" •'; 1727. 1 rniNA and Kr88lA. [Mo. 48. 

[Benwdari— , Ao.J 

conimiHHanreft hx'alos <le toiw ces lieux imiir Ipk inHperUT ; i^r il 
w»rjnt tW*M-l)i«»n «!»• |x»iiv()ir i»n»ii«ln» iiii«» «liViMic»n Ia-r|i>8«u», iitt<^ndii 
i\\U' >\ t't'lU" atlaiiv. |K'U iii)|MirUuit4' I'li t*IIe-iii('*tne. nVtnit i».s ivj^UV, 
vlU* jMnirrail tlewnir luiisibh* U la lN>niie inU'Ilip^iirc eiitre K*h ileux 
('inj»in»H. Outn* «i*lji. nti a iVmIji^i' «Mic«»n* ini |»nnM»8-verlwI stir ci*t 
olget. liH|iu*l u viv t*nv<»yc a votn* Ht*nat. 



ARTICLE VIII. 

1\>minftni1mit.< nn Frtnitifm ttt art ttA Jmh^x. 

Ja's ooiiiuiaiiilaiiu ilt'H front ii*rc}« iU'n deux eiii)>inw doiveiit 
<ln-i<lrr. il'aprrs Irn lois tie Justin*, et sans ih'lai, t4)iit<*» Iw* aflairHt ; 
t*t s*ils Irs tniinrnt «*n lou^iuuir |K»ur leur |>n>pn* int4*ret, chaque 
enipin* ilnit Ivs punir d'apri^s hph Iojh. 

AimrLK IX. 

Ufrtpiitm of Chir^* tT AffnirtK 

Si. «rini rot«' (»ii «l«* raiitn*. «>n envoit* tie ^ramls on de {letita 
tliar^i's d*atVair(*s. ils doiv(*nt s<* rt'ndre pmilalilnnent a la frontiin*, 
et tlonnt'r avi.s de leur niissinn et <1e leur ran^. II ne faut |ifiA leu 
reteuir lon^eni{>s a la fmntien*, et Ton dnit y envoyer t|ueli|u'un 

IHtur les reeevoir. Apn*s la reception d'une lettre d'invitation, on 
eur donneni a ( hat^ue relaiH den vivres, et on li*8 reiwvra avec 
resjieet. A leur arrivee. ils seront lo«^eM et defrayes ; ails viennent 
dans une annt'*<* {»endant hupielle le c«»niuierce u*et<t {nu» pennia, iln 
ne doivent {kis ap)M»rter tie niarchandis4*H. 

Traitmfiit vf Courim. 

Si. |M>ur (|UeI((Ue>i atfaireA i nil Nirt antes, on pnvoio nn on deux 
inurriers, ils doivent prv*senter leun* {lapien aux ofticierM de la 
fri»ntit'rc.<[ui leur founiinuit dt*t« ehevaux de relaia.deM c*f>n<lurteuni 
et <U>s vivn^, sans qu'ilH aient l)es4>in d*en donner 1 avin pnUahle : 
le tout eoninie il a t*t4* (rt>nvenu av«H* ranil»aiwa<leur de Teiiipire des 
OnM, le couite illyhen Sawa WUitislawitche. 

f'ttrr'Sju'tohmt, /irj'ujyil t** rririrr AmlmiAMiithtn or MftrhnnU %J 

trtntftl \c\th liisrfjfpfrt. 

Li forre.*»iMindanre |iftr lettn»s et {mr niesHa^ers entn» h^ deux 
enipin*s etant de la plu« haute ini)kirtan(*e. elle ne doit snufTrir 
aurun n'tJini. Si tlon *. a laveuir. **n ne njiond iws aux lettm 
envoy»'*es. et ^i Ton retient inutilenient le** nie«Ha^en. e«* sera agir 
rontn* le naitenu <iu Traite de l*aix. han** a* ow, on ne rvcerra 
plus ni l«*s aniltaAsaiieurs. ni le^c n«H:**<*iAnts. jUM|ua re fjue de 
pareilles «iifticult^ stiient teriuiuued; alors iteuletueut ou leur 
fwniMUrm le pMaage. 

3uu 



W0.49.J (WNA AND KITS8IA. [^^3^1727. 

[Bennrtaii— , itc,'} 

ARTICLE X.* 

Punishment /or Frontirr Crimea nnti Offenrr.s. Thieves and 

Deserters, 

litvs sujets dew deux einpircH qui h enfuiront dorenavant serunt 
punis de uiort au lieu ineiiie on ils auront ete arrete8. Le8 sujelH 
aruR's qui passent la froiiti^re saiiH couiiiiettre des aasassinats ou 
den brit^aiidageH, mais sann passe- jKirts, neront e>jaleinent punis ccm- 
foruiemeiit ii leur crime. Les soldats (lui dt'sertent et volent leur 
niaitre auront la t^te tranche s'ils sont sujets de Tempire du 
Milieu ; s'ils sont de Tempire des Oros, ils seront etrangl^, et les 
choses vol(^es rendues au commandant ou a son gouvemement. 
Ceux qui passent la fronti^re et qui vulentdes chameaux ou d'autre 
betail seront remis k leurs jnges naturels, qui les condamneront k 
payer dix fois la valeur des choses voliJes ; en cas de rdcidive^ vingt 
fois autant; a la troisieme fois, ils sen»nt punis de mort Celui 
qui passe la fronti^re pour chasser k son profit dans les environs 
sera puni confonn^ment au delit. et le hutin remis au gouveme- 
ment. Ix? bas peuple qui fmsse la frontiere sans passe-port sera 
egalement puni conime il a etd convenu avee Tamhassadeur de 
I'empire des Oros, le comte illyrien Sawa Wladislawitche. 

ARTICLE XI. 

Treaty siijaed in various Ixtnijuages, 

Ce Traiti* de Paix conclu entre les deux empires a et^ echang^ 
de la maniere suivant€: L'ambassadeur de Tempire des Oros, le 
a>mte illyrien 8awa Wladislawitche, remit une copie en langue 
Russe et Latine, munie et confirmed uar un sceau, aux grands de 
lempire du Milieu ; et les grands de Vempire du Milieu remirent 
au comte iUyrien i^iawa Wladislawitche, ambassadeur de Tempire 
des Oros, une autre copie en langues Mandchoue, Russe et Latine. 
Ce Trait^ a t^t^ exactement imprim6 et distribu^ k tous les 
employes de frontiere, aiin que son contenu soit gen^ralement 
connu. 

Le septi^me jour de la septi^me liine de la cinquitoe des annees 
de hi dnnture prrpdtuelUt (Young-tching). 

• AlUred bj 8upplraietiUrj Tmitj uf 18th October, 1768 (Mo. 50). l'»g« 802. 
t From *'AjrrhiTM DiploDiAtiquM,'* 1861, Tome 1. " C'eet-i-dire le 21 Octobre, 
1727." 



301 



Oct 18.1768] CHINA AND RUHftlA. [Mo. SO. 

[Frontier Oflnio«s.J 



(No. 50.) TliEATY fHtnrfn Chiihi nml Humui, nuunihiuj Aii. 
A' *\f ih» Trnity itf *J1 iHt'itn\ 1727. rehttitvj tn Fnintirr 

[Hon* are ;;iveii tlii' iiaiiicH of the TleiiiiiotontiaricH.] 

(!oux-ci, apres avoir (IcUIktO ensuiuble. mmt cjiivenus de ce qui 
suit : 

Moilifimiion of Treaty nf 2\iU October^ 1727. 

Quoii|tie Ivsoiizc ArticlenWu TrHiU-<lu raix(No.49)«l<»iveiitftre 
iiiainteiiiis ot4*rnelh*iu(*nt invarialilcs. on a cc*{)en<lant tnmvu nt^caH- 
Bain* liVitrr It*s rluivaux <U* frise (khaHkhaii; ru.<iAi*s du voisiinap.* <lu 
inont f>our^'ouUii.a HiU^iktou, Koclinuet autres licux. {Niur coiuluiru 
la fn*ntit'ri*sur It; 4l«»s ili*8 iuonta^ii(*s ; inaiH t«iut H'strra coiaiuc* ila 
t*t(' fixi* autcTJeim'nirnt pn>8 di'S deux d«'iM>tA de Ciuumenx* Kiaktiiu 
et Tsourkhait'iu, on Ion iie {mye aueuu dnnt dVutrOe. \h» erreurs 
sVUiiit ;,dis8i*eA dans Irs exeniplaires russ«* et latin du Tmite dc 
I*aix. et {dusiHurs |K>int8 e8H4*ntielH ayant tV* oul»lie?ip un a jup* a 
{iniiNtfl de le» corri^'er et rectifier. l>e plus, lea difUMiMionA qui ont 
eu lieu entre leA ileux i»ui.s8aiice8 .ioront vouee.s a l*oul»li, et lea 
tnui8fu;:es ne semnt pas redeniandds. Cequi avoit cte Mt«itue dan.H 
le dixi&ine Article ile la precedents (>>nvention, conceriuint ki 
nianierc d ein|K*clicr len vols et la desertion pnnni los Hujetit linii- 
tniphes et rej9|NM*tif5. paniis^iit trf>p etpuvoque et indetermini^. Dn 
a done n\ji-t«' entierenient le dixienie Article «le la (*unvention, 
le<iuel a ete riMli^e tie nmiveau et erige en loi, «|ui doit etre olMM*r\'o 
a la place de Tancien. h'apW'H la prtWnte ( *on vent ion. chaque 
|»artie doit veiller «lorenavant Mur h«*:4 sujetA. afin que de imreilleA 
rhos4'8 n'arrivent plu'*. Si. a rim8«'nil>l(*e nouvelle qui doit avoir 
lieu a la t'n>ntierc. «>n donne a\is de vestipss decouvert^ et dautren 
arcid**nt4 somlilaUes, les coniniantlantK de fruntieiv »«er(>nt tenus de 
les examiner s:uis delai et avec loyaut/-. Si. au contraire, ;:uidejt|iMr 
leur propre inl^'-ret ils ne;:lip*airnt leur devoir. rliat|ue {lartie doit 
lespiihir d'apns s«;.s pn»pre« l«»is. (^Uiant a la ret-lien-lie, a Tarresta- 
tii^ri dt's hri^nds «>t a la punition de ceux qui {Missent illicitenient 
la fruniiere, (»n a redijjO et tile le^ clauses suivaiites. 



ARTICLE X. 

Fron txtr Arm its. Brxyn n*iittjf. Pufitsh m en t of Mn rtt udert a nd 

Th \ftes. 

I>es homines amu'A ipti {ui.HM'nt la fn*ntierp k Cfite d'un ilm 
corps de ^nle |i«>ur m.* Iivn*r an 1 iri^anda;;** . ^*\i i|u lU eoiuniett^nt 



4 1 Atit par kiAproch« V I. Pa^r 15 c( tuiv. 



Mrit «<irr« rrlmtift 4 1 Ati* par kiAproch« V I. t%^r 15 c( tuiv. 8«« ftbo 
r Tcraoa is Mat 



No. 60.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Oct. 18, 1768. 

[Frontier Offenoe*.] 

(lis nssassinats on non, doivent etre arreti^s et ganles exacteincnt 
jiisijuVi cif jju'ils aieiit avoiu'* de ([uel coq^s de piixle ils .sont venus 
et s'ils iHaiiMit souls on j)lusifuix A|»ri*8 (ju'ils auront subi un 
intern »«,'at<>i re ripmreux au corps de «;anle iiieine, on doit tJcrire lea 
nonis <le8 brij^'ands non saisiset les notitier a cluujue coq>8<le ^arde, 
et i>rineipalonient au priMuier Tanlzi, su|H'rieur du Dcliasak, et aux 
coniiuandants des Oros (Kusnes). I^\s diets du Dchasjik tloivent se 
HMulre aussitot sur les lieux nienies jH»ur examiner genipuleuHenient 
raiVaii-e avec ceux-ei et \)0\\T faire sans delai un rai>jH)rt, qui doit 
rtre expetlie j\ IVndroit oil Ton ileciile lesaHaires des fn>ntiere8. De 
la il faut tie suite envoyer un honimo loyal et de distinction au 
corps de ;^'arde, tpii se n'unira aux chefs du Pchasak pour I'exaraen 
tie ralliiire ein|uestion ; apnscjuoi il en verra son raj >p<»rt a IVndroit 
on Ton ju^'e les atVaires des front ieies, Ix*s sujets de IVnipire du 
Milieu (lu Chine) qui auront eoniniis des brij^nmda^'es seront reniis, 
sans distinction des j)ersonnes, au tribunal (jui j^ouverne les pro- 
vinces exterieurea jnair etre jamis de niort, et lea sujeta Oroa 
(llussi's) seront reniia au senat i>our souflrir la nieme \)eine. Lea 
assissins seront conduits a la frontiere pour y etre publiciuemeut 
executes. \a' cheval. la selle, lea annea et tout requi[Migedu brigand 
s<Ti>nt donnes, connue recomi.)ense, k celui (jui I'aura arrets?. Ceux 
qui volcnt <Ic3 chevaux. des beatiaux et amrea choaea, pour la 
pn»niiere fois, aen)nt condiunnea 4 payer dix foia la valeur dea 
chi»ses vtdees. Si le voleur nest pas siiisi, lea commandants dea 
c<»rps de ganle lecipriKjues doivent se nissembler jMiur examiner le 
rrinie, les blessures et le corps de ceux qui out etc assassines et en 
ndij^er un proces-verbal. 1a» commandant du curj»s de pmle sera 
l«nu d'arreler les v«»leurs, au plus t)ird, dans un mois. Si le voleur 
n'est pas saisi jHMnlant cet intervallede tem|>8, on doit faire un rap- 
jM.rt aux t'udroits n*siH*ctifs ou Ton decide les afiain'sdes rn)ntierea. 
Ah»rs It s commandants des corps de ;xanle et les soltlats qui n'ont 
]>a> fait leur devoir tlans la recherche des chevaux et des objeta vok^a 
sen»nt punis eux-nu'Mues en payant tlix fois hi valeur ties chosea vo- 
h't's. Si on arrete des gens non amies, tjui ont pasM* la fnuitiere 
jMUir co]iimettre secn'*tement ties vtds, ils seront punis, dapres la h>i, 
df cent coups. Le cheval tin voleur, avec la sellt», sera donne, 
I •»uime rt''cnnq>enst», a ceux tjui Taunmt arrett^*. Les chosea vok'es 
si'iont rendues, }ji T>n»miere ft»is, le voleur payera cintj foia la 
v.ileur tie ces chtwt»s, la stntnide, dix fois, et |M)ar le trtuait'ine foia, 
il siTa traite ctnnme bripintl. Si de tela vtileurs ne sont pas 
ain'tt's. t>n tloit n'diger au corps de ganle aupri*s tbujuel le di'lit a 
i'U' tummis un prtKVs-veHwil authentique et tmltamer au com- 
I'landant et aux soUIata dea corjKs de ganh^ d'arnHer le criminel 
d iiis I'espaee tfun mois. l^orsqu'il auni ete aaisi, il n^cevra pul>- 
liquement c#*nt coujjs, et les chevaux et lea autrea objeta vol<?8 
h'i'»nt reudu.s Hiuia tlelai. Si lea cttnnnandanta dea corpa de garde 
ei les s<»ldats ne trouvent et n'arn'lent iwia tlana le tempa j»rescrit 
1'^ \oh-urs non arnu'S. la valeur dea chevaux et dea obj eta voles 
ii*ii I'tre cintj fois reatituec par cca commandants et ccs soldatsqui 
ii out p;ia rempli leur devoir. 

303 X 



Oct. 18, 1768.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. CHo. 50. 

[Frontier Oifenoes.] 

Restitviion of Animals escaping across the Frontier, 

Quand ontrouvedes chevaux et d'autres animaux d^aixis qui au- 
ront passd la froiiti^re, ils serout de suite rendus au coi-jjs de garde 
le plus prochain ; si on ne les retrouve pas, on doit eu dresser iin 
proems- verbal, dans lequel on les signalera exactement Les chevaux 
et animaux ^gar^s seront alors rendus dans Tespace de cinq joura Ce 
temie (5coul(5, si les animaux trouv(5s n'ont pas iXA rendus et s'ils ont 
^te caches quelque part, le lieu oi sont quelques-uns de ces chevaux 
et animaux dgares ^tant connu, les commandants des corps de garde 
r^ciproques doivent en faire leur rapport et Texp^dier k Tendroit o4 
Ton juge les affaires des frontiferes. A la remise de ces objets Us 
seront obliges d en rendre le double du nombre. 

Punishment of Armed and Unarmed Persons crossing the Frontier 

vnthout Passports. 

Des gens armds, et non munis de passe-port, qui franchissent la 
frontifere sans commettre ni vols ni assassinats, doivent 6tre arrets 
On domiera leurs chevaux, selles et dquipages, comme recompense, 
h, ceux qui les auront saisis. Si de telles gens ont pass^ la 
frontiire pour chasaer, ils seront, d'apres la loi, punis publique- 
ment de cent coups. Le butin, leurs armes, chevaux et Equipages 
seront donnds pareillement, comme une recompense, k ceux qui les 
auront arrStes. Si on arr^te des gens sans armes, qui auront 
passe la frontifere, le Commandant du Corps de Garde doit les 
interroger scrupuleusement. S*ils re sont tromp^s de chemin, il 
faut les relacher sans d^lai et les remettre, le plus tot possible, au 
poste de Tautre cote. Si Ton trouve des gens caches dans les 
forSts et les montagnes inaccessibles, et si on les saisit, ils seront 
d'aprJjs la loi, publiquement punis de cent coups ; leurs chevaux 
selles et Equipages seront donnas, comme une recompense m^ritde 
k ceux qui les auront arrSt^s. 

Tous les criminels de TEmpire du Milieu (la Chine) condamn^s 
k des punitions corporelles seront fouett^s, et ceux de ITEmpire des 
Oros (Russes) battus a coups de verges. 

Treaty signed in various Languages, 

La Convention actuellement conclue a ^t^ c^chang^e de la 
raanifere suivant : les grands de TEmpire du Milieu en remirent un 
exemplaire en langues Mandchoue et Mongole, muni du sceau, au 
Commissaire Pl^nipotentiaire des Oros ; et celui-ci remit aux 
grands de TEmpire du Milieu un autre exemplaire eu langue des 
Oros (Russe) et pareillement muni du sceau. 

Pour la rendre geueralement connue, on doit distribuer des 
copies imprimcJes de cette transaction aux sujets limitrophes des 
deux cot^s. 

L'annee 33e d*Abkai wekhiyeklie* le 19e jour de la 9e lune 
(18 Octobre, 1768). 

^ En ohinois '* Ehianloung.*' 

304 



Mo. 51.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Julj 25. 1861. 

[Oomm^rott. Hi and TarbftvataL] 

(No. 51.) TRAITE df Cinnmerce erUre la JiusttU ft la Chine. 

Trade Mween Hi and Tarhtifatai, Sifjn^ ci Kuuldja, le 25 
JnUlet, 1851.* 

[Hutifid par rKnii)ereur de Kussie, le 1.'^ Novenibre, 1851.] 
Le PleniiK)teiitiaire de Su Mnjeste rEuij)ennir de Toutes les 
Rusaies et les PleniiK)tentiaires de Sa Maje8t<5 le Bopdoklmn dii 
Ta-Tsing. savoir : le (toiiverneur-Cii'iu'ral de I'lli et d'autres pro- 
vinces, ainsi que son adjoint, ont, apW^s avoir confere ensemble, 
conciu dans la ville d'lli (Kouldja), en faveur des sujets deg deux 
empires, un Traiti? de Commerce qui (^tablit un trafic dans les 
villea d'lli (Kouldja), et de Tarbagatai (Tchougoutchak). CeTrait^ 
se compose des Articles qui suivent : 

AKTICLE I. 

Peace and Friendship. 

Jje pr('»sent Traits de Commerce, conciu dans Tinteret des denx 

Puissances, en temoignaiit de leur sollicitude ])our le maiutien de la 

}>aix ainsi que pour le bien-etre de leurs sujets. doit resserrer encore 

davantage les liens d'amitie i\\u unissent les deux Puissances. 

AKTICLE 11. 
Freedinn of Catnmerce. 
Les marchands des deux Empires ferout entre eux le commerce 
d'i^change et n'gleront les prix librement et h. leur grd. 

Apjkdnttnent of Human Can^uU and Chines Functio^iaries. 
II sera nomm^, p<iur surveiller les aflnires des sujets Kusses. un 
Con.«5ul de la i»art de la Kussie. et pour les affaires des commen^ants 
Cliinois, un fonctionnaire di* riidministnition su|Hricure de I'lli. 
jMjijwtfS between Chinese and Jinssian Suhjectn to Ite decidid by 

Heripi'iHud Agents, 
En cas de collision entre les sujets de Tune et de Tautre Puis- 
sance, chacun de ces agents d<?cidera selon toute justice les affaires 
de ses nationaux. 

APTI(1.E IIL 
Freedom of C^nnmene from all Putien. 
(V commerce etant ouvert en consideration <le Tamitic^ mutuelle 
d»»s dfux Puissances, ne sera passible de jiart ni d'autre d aucun 
droit tjuelconque. 

ARTICLE IV. 
lii/ssian Merehnntn ijoing to Hi or to Tarhujatal to Ite are^mijMiniedhy 
a Syndir ; (%iravans to he esctrrted hy (*hinese Trttapn. 
I>?s marcbamls Kusses allant soit k Hi (Kouldja), soit a Tarba- 
>;atai (Tchougoutchak), seront accompagnt's d'uii syndic (karavan- 
l»:ischa). Lorwju'une earn vane allant a Hi arrivera au piquet 
(liinois de Ik»ro-khoudjir, et que celle destinee jK)ur Tarbagatai 
Tchougoutchak) atteindra le premier piquet Chinois, le syndic 
pres«»ntera a Tofficier de gjinle le billet de son (Jouvernement. 
Li'dit officier, apns avoir pris note <lu noml»re <rhomTnes, de 
Ustiaux et de charges de marchandi.ses, laissera |>a.<iser la caravane 
♦•11 hi faLsant escorter, de piquet en piquet, par un otticier et des 
^«M<lats. Pendant la manht*. toute vexation ou otrcnse sera inter- 
due aux soldats cnmme aux marchands. 

• *Sl»t^ Pni.f'r*; Vol. i3. r«,ji*'.*61. 

305 X 2 



JiUy 26, 1851.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 6L 

[Commeroe. Ill and Tarbaffatal.] 

AKTICLE V. 
Jhissian Merchants (o follow th^ Road kept by Gnard-Lonse^. 

Tour fac.iliter le service des escortes d officiers et tie soldats, les 
inarchaiids IJussos seront obliges, en vertu du present Ti-aitd, de 
suivre la route des corps de garde, tant en allant qu'it leur 
retour. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Chinese Government not responsible for Acts of Brigandage if 
armmiitcd on Bonds not occupied by Troops, 

Si, pendant ([ue les caravanes Russes suivront leur route en 
dehors de ia ligne des corps de gard Chinois, les bandes de pillarcls 
des aodls exterieurs (Kirghises) cominettaient des actes de brigan- 
dage, d'agi'ession ou d'autres crimes, le Grouvernement Chinois 
n'aura point h, inter venir dans I'enquete h, laquelle cela donnerait 
lieu. 

Russian Mercliants to guard and defend th^ir oum Property, 

Lorsque la cai*avaue sera arrivde sur territoire Chinois, de 
meme que pendant le sojour dans les factoreries oi les inarchan- 
discs sont ddposees, les marchands Russes devront garder et dd- 
fendre eux-memes leur propri^t^ ; ils seront tenus de snrveiller 
avee encore plus de soin leur betail au p3.turage. 

Search to be unadefor lost Property ^ and Offenders to be punished. 

Si, contre toute attente, quelque chose venait a se perdre, il en 
sera immediatenient doim6 avis au fonctioiinaire Chinois, qui, cor- 
jointement avec le Consul Russe, poursuivra avec toute la diligence 
possible les traces de Tobjet perdu. Si ces traces (^taient d^cou- 
vertes dans les villages d(*. sujets Chinois et que le voleur filt saisi, 
il devra etre jug^ sans retard et sev^rement. Si Ton retrouvait 
quelques-unes des choses volees, elles seront restitutes k qui il 
appartient, 

ARTICLE VIL 

Minor disputes to be decided by Russian Consul and Chinese 

Functionaries, 

En cas de brouilleries, de contestations ou autres incidents de 
pen d'iinportance entre les sujets respectifs, le Consul Russe et le 
fonctionnaire Chinois dont il a ($tt5 fait mention plus liaut, appor- 
teront tons leurs soins k la decision de Tallaire. 

Criminal cases to be decided as on the Frontier of Kiakhta, 

Mais si, contre toute attente, il se pr^sentait une affaire 
criminelle ou un cas important en general, il sera proctide con- 

;506 



No. 61.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Julj 26. 1861. 

[OomiiMro*. m and Tarb«c»tal.] 

foniK^meot aux ingles actuellemetit en vigueur sur la frontiire do 
Kiukhta. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Ji/(}h>rts by Rusman Merduints to he from 25th March to lOth 
Jhrnnhrr ; Mcrchiints free to renuiin after tfuU date to sell their 
ImjHjj'ted Goods, 

Les inarchaiuls Russes arriveront chaque annde avec leurs 
marchandises, depuis lo 25 Mars jiLscja'au 10 l)t»cerabre (de notre 
style, ou d'apres le calendrier Chinois, depuis le jour Tcin-ming 
juscju'au jour T(#ng-tchi) ; jHisse cette derni^re date, rarriv<5e dea 
canivanes cesi»eni. 8i toutefois les marchantlises iini)oru5e8 pen- 
dant cette jn'rioile (8 mois et demi) nVtaient pas vendues il sera 
loisiMu aux niarchands de rester plus lon^tenips en C'hiiu; i>our 
aclnver la vente, apres quoi le Consul prendra soin de leur 
dc'|Kiri. 

Caraixins of less than 20 Camels not entitled to escorts. 

II est entendu de plus que les marchands Russes n'obtiendront 
une escorte tl otliciers et de soldats, ni pour aller ni pour leur 
ntour. 8*ils n'ont pour le moins vingt chaiueaux avec des mar- 
t'liandises. Au reste. si un marchand ou le Consul Russe avait 
U*s«>in, f)our une affaire quelconque, d*exp<5dier un expres, il en 
aura la facult45. 

Jiit,<sian Consul or Merchants free to send an express twice a month 

only, 

Mais pour que le service des officiers et soldats foumissant 
Tesinrte ne devienne pas tn>p onenjux, il n*y aura que deux fois 
par niois de ces expeditions extraordinaires hors de la ligne des 
corps de garde. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Jltt.^iiin Mfrchantsfree to cjrhati^/e visits ; liiissian Suhjects to be 

furnisJud unth a jwrmit, 

l^»s nuircliands Russi*s et Chinois jx)urront se voir librement 
jKmr afl*ain?s de commerce; mais les sujets Russes se trouvant 

• huiH la fartorerie sous la surveillance du Consul Rusre, ne pour- 
r.«nt circuler dans les faubourgs et les nies que munis d'un permis 

• hi < 'niisul ; .sans ce permis ils ne pourront jxis sortir de Tenceinto. 
(^uimnque sortira sans iM^rmis sera reconduit chez le Consul, qui 
prut I'dcni contre lui comme de droit, 

ARTICLE X. 

Extradition of Criminals, 

Si un criminel appartenaut & Tun des deux Empin^ se ri- 

307 



Julj 25, 1851.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 61. 

[Oommwroe. Hi and T«rb«c»tal.] 

fugiait dans Tautre, il n*y sera pas tol^r^ ; mais de part et d'autre 
les autoritds locales prendront les mesures les plus s^vferes et lea 
informations les plus exactes pour rechercher ses traces. II 7 aura 
extradition rdciproque de transfuges de cette espfece. 

ARTICLE XL 

Pastv/rage to he allotted foi- Beasts of Burthen of Russian Merchants, 

and to he Kept hy tJiem, 

Comrae il est k 'pr^voir que les marchands Eusses qui vien- 
dront en Chine pour affaires de commerce auront avec eux des 
montures, et des bStes de soninie, il sera assign^ k leur usage, prfes 
de la viUe d'lli, des places sur les bords de la riviere Hi, et pr&s 
de la ville de Tarbagatai", des lieux ou il y a de Teau et de I'herbe. 
Dans ces pjlturages, les marchands Russes ccnfieront leurs 
bestiaux k la garde de leurs gens, qui veillcront k ce que les 
terres labour^es et les cimeti^res ne puissent dans aucun cas etre 
foul^s. Les contrevenants seront amen(5s devant le Consul pour 
^tre punis. 

ARTICLE XIL 

Cretlitfor Merchandise not to he allowed on either side; Complaints 

of Noiv-paym^nt not to he admitted, 

Dans r^change de marchandises entre les commer^ants des 
deux Empires il ne sera rien livr(5 k credit de part ni d*autre. Si, 
malgr^ cet Article, quelqu'un livrait sa marchPtndise k crAiit, les 
fonctionnaires Russes et Chinois n'auront point k intervenir et 
n'admettront aucune plainte, quand ineme il y en aurait. 

ARTICLE XIIL 

Plots of Ground to he allotted to Russian Merchants to huild their 

Houses and Factories, 

Comme les marcliands Russes arrivant en Chine pour affaires 
de commerce doivent n^cessairement avoir des emplacements pour 
leurs factoreries, le Gouvernement Chinois leur assignera, dans les 
deux villes de commerce dlli et de Tarbagatai, des terrains prfes 
des bazars, afin que les sujets Russes puissent y construire k leurs 
frais des maisons d'habitation et des magasins d'entrepot pour leurs 
marchandises. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Freedom of Religious Worship ; Spaces to he allotted, for Russian 
Burial Ground at Hi and Tarha^atai, 

Le Gouvernement Cliinois ne s'interposera en aucun cas 
lorsque les sujets Russes c^l^breront dans leurs factoreries le 
service divin selon le rite de leur religion. Pour le cas oil 
quelqu'un des sujets Russes en Chine viendrait k mourir k Hi ou 

308 



No. 51.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Julj 25, 1861, 

[Ck»im«ro«. Hi and Tarb«c»taL] 

k TarbagataT, le Oouvemement Chinois assigncra hors de renceinte 
de chacune de ces villes un terrain vague ix)ur servir do 
cimetiere. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Tioo sheep out o/evmj ten imparted at Hi or Tarf/agataf to be made 
over to Chinese ( rove rnment for on equivalent. 

Si lea inanlumda RuHm*^ anu'iieiit k Hi on k Tarbagatai dea 
moutoTiH iK)ur lea y (^changer, lea autoritea loialea prendront pour 
coinpte du Cn)uvenieinent deux inoutona aur 10, ct livreront en 
echanj:;e de chai^ue mouton une piice de toile (da-ha, de la meaure 
levjale) ; le reate du lx?tail et toute autre marchandiae aeront 
A:lianui'a entre lea inarehaiida dea deux Einpirea au prix convenu 
de j^» k gre, et le Oouvemement Chiuoia ne a'en inelera d aucuue 
fai;on. 

ARTICLE XVL 

Ordinary Official Correspondence heturen the Russian and Chinese 

Gorernments. 

\J^ correapondance oftirielle ordinaire entre lea deux Empires 
ae fcra, de la part du Gouveniement Ruaae, par lentreniiae do 
rtuiminiatration aup<irieure de la Silx^rie occiclentale et aoua le 
cachet de cette adminiatration, et de la part du Oouvemement 
(.'hinoia, par Tentremiae et aoua le cachet de radminiatration aupe- 
rieure de I'llL 

ARTICLE XVIL 
Treaty to he sifpied in the Russian and Afantchou Languages, 

\jQ preaent Trait43 aera revetu dea aignaturca et cacheta dea 
Pleni[K>t<5ntiairea n*ai>ectifa. II en aera dn*aat', du oot^ de la 
Rushie, 4 exeniplairea en langue Ruaae, aignea par le l*l(?nipoten- 
tiaire de la Ruaaie, et du cOt<5 <le la Chine, 4 exeniplairea en 
lan-^'ue Mantchoue, aignes par le llt'ni potent iaire Chinoia en aun 
a<ljt»int. l^a PleniiK>tentiain»a reai>ectifH garderont ohacun un 
exfujplain* en langue Huaae et un exemplaire en langue Mant- 
cIkhk*, puur la niise k ex/*cution du Trait45 et ix)ur aervir de r^glo 
ctnistiinte, Un exemplaire Rusa<* et un exemi)laire Mantchou 
Brnmt envoyert au aenat dirigeant de Ruaaie, et un exemplaire dana 
ruiu* et Tautre langue au tribunal Chinoia dea relationa exterieurea, 
{Hiiir y etre acellea et gardea apr^ T^hange dea ratiticationa du 
Tniii<'*. 

Ti>ua lea Articlea oi-<le8aua du pn^nt Traits? conclu par lea 
Pleni[>otentiain»a reapectifa de la Ruaaie et de la Chine aont aignds 
et munia de cacheta. 

Le 2r» Juillet de Tan 1851, 2r>me annee du r^gne de SaMajeat^ 
ImiH-riale rEmj>ereur et Autocrate de Toutes les Ruaaii^a. 

(LS.) KOVALEVSKY. 
(LS.) I-CHAX. 

BUUYANTAL 
309 



May 10, 1858] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Ko. 52. 

[Uommeroe. Botindarieg.] 



(No. 52.) TRAITE cCAmitU et de Limites entre la Hussie et la 

Chiiie. SvjiU a Aighoxcn, le 16 Mai, 1858.* 

[Ratifie par TEinpereur de Kussie, Ic 8 Juillet, 1858, et par Sa Ma- 
jeHte le Bogdokhan de Chine, le 2 Juin, 1858 (Hien-fong, 8e 
QXiu&e, 5e luue, 4e jour).] 

Le Grand Empire de Russie, et de sa part le Grouvemeur- 
G(5n(5ral de la Siberie Orientale, TAide de Camp Gdn^ral de Sa 
Majestxi TEmpereur Alexandre Nicolaievitcii,le Lieutenant-General 
Nicolas Mouraview, — et le Grand Empire Ta-Tsmc:, et do sa part 
I'Aide de Camp General Prince I-Chan, Grand de la Cour, Com- 
mandant en Chef sur TAmour, — voulant c^tablir une ^temeUe et 
jilus intime amitie entre les deux Empires, et dans TintiSrSt des 
sujets reapectifs, ont arrete d*un commun accord : 

ARTICLE I. 
Definition of Bomularies along course of River Amv/r. 

La rive gauche du fleuve Amour, k partir de la rivifere Argoun 
jusqu a Tembouchure de TAmour, appartiendra k I'Empire de Ru8sie« 
et sa rive droite, en aval jusqu'i la riviere Oussouri, appartiendra k 
I'Kmpire Ta-Tsing; les territoires et endroits situds entre la rivifere 
Oiissouri et la mer, comme jusqu*^ prdsent, seront possddds en com- 
mun par I'Empire Ta-Tsing et TEmpirede Russie, en attendant que 
la frontitre entre les deux Etats y soit rdglde. La navigation de 
I'Amour, du Soungari et de TOussouri n'est permise qu'aux Mti- 
ments des Empires Ta-Tsing et de la Russie ; la navigation de ces 
rivieres sera interdite aux batimeuts de tout autre Pitat. Les habi- 
t'Uits Mantchous etablis sur la rive gauche de T Amour, depxiis la 
rivi&re Zdia jusqu'au village de Hormoldzin au sud, conserveront k 
})erpetuit<5 les lieux de leurs anciens domiciles sous Vadministration 
du Gouvernement Mantchou, et les habitants Russes ne pourront 
leur faire aucune offense ni vexation. 

ARTICLE IL 

Trade on hanks of Rivers Usuri, Amur, and Soungari, 

Dans rintdret de la bonne intelligence mutuelle des sujets res- 
poctifs, il est permis aux habitants riverains de rOussouri, de 
I'Amour et du Soungari, sujets de Tun et de Tautre Empire, de tra- 
fiquer entre eux. et les autorites doivent reciproquement prot^ger 
les commer9ants sur les deux rives. 

• " State Papen," Vol. 53. Paga 964. 



310 



No. 53.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [June ^\, 1868. 

[Oommero^.j 

AKTICLE III. 

Trait 1/ sif/nrd in Itussian, MtinrJiu, and Afomjol L(intjuafjcs. 

L*'>^ stii»ulalions am'tc'es d'un cniuimin acconl pur le IMt'iiipo- 
tiMitiiiin' (le rKinpire de liiissie, le CiouN'enuMir-iJriu'ral Mouniview, 
ct 1«* Coxumamlaut-en-chff sur rAinour, I-Cliaii,et Pleiiipotentiaire 
tlf rKinpire Ta-T8in«,% st*ront exartoment et iiiviolaljlmnent execu- 
U't's j\ i)er|H5tuiu' ; a cet elVet, le (iouverneur-Cieiieral Mouraview, 
jMJur rKinpire de Kussie, a remis uii exeiuplaire du pn'sent TraiUj, 
4'i rit en lan^ues Kusse et Maiitchoue, entre hiS mains du Com- 
ni.indant-en-c^het* Prince I -Chan pour TEuipire Ta-Tsin^. et le 
C»)inniandant-en-chef Prince 1-Chan, pour TEmpire Ta-Tsing, a 
n*niis un exeniplaire du pn'^ent Tmiti' en lances Mantclioue et 
?^ln;^'^)lu, an (tuuverni'ur-Cn'ru'ral Moumview ]M)ur TEinpire do 
K.is>iio. Toutes les stipulations consiLjnoes dans la prrscnte semnt 
}»ul)lii.M'8 pour rinfunnatiun des hal)itant8 limitrophes des deux 
Enipin*s. 

Le IG Mai, 1858, ville d'Aij^houn. 

(LS.) NICinn^AS MOrRAVIEW. 

(LS.) PIEUKE PEliOFFSKY. 

(LS.) 1-(^HAX. 

(L.S.) DZIKAMINCJA. 



(No. 53.) TRAITS ///• PaU, iFAmUU, de Commerce, et de Navu 
tfntiini eiUrc la Uu^U it la Chine, Si{/ni cl Tien-tsin^ le -^jjuiti, 

[Tmduction.] 

Sa Maji'ste rEniperour et Autocrate de Toutes les RussiesetSa 
M :m -t/- rKni|K»reur de Chine ju^eant de toute nrcessite de pn'ciser 
('! ;iit'i!irnt les ndations niutuelles entre la Kussie et la Chine, et 
<i';tnrt4T de nouveaux n\d«*nicnt,s jxnir rintert'*t des deux Etats, ont 
n'»iniii<' a eel eft'et leurs Ph'nipotentiaires, Siivoir : 

S.i Majtste rEnijMTi'ur de Tout<*s les Hussies, son Aide de Camp 
CJ' ih nil, Vi(i»- Admiral Comte Euphimius Poutiatine, Connnissaire 
!i:i|H rial en Chine, et Commandant-en-chef I'escadre Pusse dans 
r< Ki Mil Pacitiipie ; 

Et Sa Maji'ste TEmpereur de Chine, de son Empire le Dahiochi 
dt» la Si*ction Urientale, I)iri^'(?ant-en-ehef du Tribunal de Justice 
Criiiiiiulle, le haut fonrtionnaire Koui-leanjr, et de son Empire le 
Pn'>nlenl du Tribunal d*InsiK»rtion, Chef de Divi^^ion <le la ^'n)SS6 
Int'anterie du dnipiMU bleu a fninge, son haut fonctionnaii-e Houa- 
chana. 

lAsdits Plenipotentiaires, en vertu ties pouvoirs qu'ib ont rectus 

• " Bute r*|»er«,*' Vol. M. Pmge 966. 

311 



J i£« tV ^^» ; •THIX A AXD RUSSIA. fK*. 53^ 



de lenrs GoTiTenieTn*eiij3 resrecdis, »xic oonreniis des Articles 

ARTICLE L 
Co\K^n\ati*y^ •-/'/*:' -^-^r T'^.^jf of Pion and FritiuUkip, 



Le pivsect Traii^ cozl^th:^ de n- iTeiTi la Paii et rAmiti^ qui 
existent depai? nomriTv- •iiri.r'r? •T^.rre Sa Majeste ITmpereor de 
T.»ULfc5 les Rcisa-is et » ifij-rsre !'Em[<ereur de Chine, et entre 
leors sujets rtsp^:tifi 

Les snjets Euss^s qui rv:?:'ient en Chine, et les snjets Chinoia 
qui j?e trouven: en Eussie, jouiriint cjnstainmt'Qt de la piotecti^m 
de- Gouvemements de^ deux Emr ires, tant j-uur leur s^coiit^ per- 
&..nnelle que pour celle de leur propririe. 

AETICXE II. 

OJtcicJ Ciyrrfsp*yn*UncK l»^:tvrf^.n Rkt.man and Chinese Goremmenit, 

Dorenavant lea communications entre le Gouvemement Supr§me 
de Russia et le Gouvemement Suf»reme Je Chine, ne se feront plus 
comma cela etait ju5*iuVi present, par le .St^nat d'une part et le Tri- 
bunal Li-fan-\'uan de Tautre. mais ce sera le Ministre des Affaires 
Etrangeres de Eussie qui communiquera avec le ^lembre ain^ du 
Con.seil dTtat on le Premier ^linistre a Pekin. lb traiteront sup 
le pied d*une parfaite egalite. 

Transmission of Corrt^ndenee, 

\j^ correspondance ordinaire entre les personnes mentionn^es 
ci-dessus sera transmise par les autorites des frontieres. Les com- 
munications de haute imjxjrtance seront portoes dans la capitale 
I>ar un employe nommd ad hoc, qui pourra entrer dans des explica- 
tions verbales avec les Membres du Conseil d'Etat et le Premier 
Ministre. A son arriv(^'e il remettra les d^peches par Tentremise 
du I'nJsident du Tribunal des Rites (Li-pou). 

L*^galit^ sera observee de meme dans la correspondance et les 
eiitrevues desEnvoyes et des Ministres Pl^nipoteuciaires de Eussie, 
avec les Membres du Conseil d'Etat, les Ministres de la Cour de 
P(5kin, et les Gouverneurs-G^n(Sraux de lYovinces limitrophes et 
mari times ; et dans les relations entre les Gouvemeurs-G^n^raux, 
autre les autorites de fronti^re des deux Etata 

Correapandence and Interviews hetween Russian Ministers and Mem^ 

hers of Chinese Government. 

Si le Gouvemement Eusse jugeait n^cessaire de nommer un 

bl2 



No. 53.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [June ^V. ^f^- 

[Oommaro*.] 

Ministre Pl^nipotentiaire pour insider dans Tun des ports ouverts 
do la Chine, il traitera dans ses relations |)orsounellea et sa corres- 
pondance avec lea autoritt^s Clii noises locales et lea Ministres k 
IVkin. suivant les regies generales convenues maintenant par tons 
les Etats etrangers. 

Rus^um MiniMers alUnad to go to Pekin, Routes to he taken, 

liCS Envoy^ de Kussie i>ouiTont se rendre h. P^kin en passant 
par Kiakhta et Ourga, soil par Takou k rembouehiire du Peiho, soit 
piir tout€ autre ville ou port ouvert de la (Jhine. Aprts une noti- 
fication prealable le Gouverneuient Chinois devra faire prendre im- 
nu'diatenient les arrangements nc^cessaires pour que le voyage de 
rEnvoyt* et de sa suite filt pronii>t et commode. La reception dans 
la capitale devra se faire avec les honneurs dus k son rang ; on prd- 
parera ties logeraents convenables et lui foumira tous les objets 
ni'ce:?saires. 

Kjptn^n of Rvman Mission to he home hy Russian Government, 

Toutes les dispenses occasionnees par l*envoi des Missions Diplo- 
mat i(jues de Kussie en Chine seront supfKjrtt'es par le Oouveniement 
l»n*vse, et ne torn bent en aueun cas k \a chaise du Gouvemement 
Chinois. 

ARTICLE in. 

Ru.^^ian Trade free in Chinese ojKn Ports, Shanghai, Ningpo, ^r, 

1 )on'navant le commerce entre la Kussie et la Chine jwurra se 
faire non-seulement dans les endroits fixi^s sur les fronti^res, mais 
en( <»re par mer. Les navires marehands Kussea pourront venir 
connuercer dans les jH)rt8 suivants : Shanghai, Ning-po, Fou-tcheou- 
fou, Amoy, CanUm, Tai-wan-fou, sur Tile de Furmoae, Elhioung- 
tcheou-fuu, sur Tile de Hainan. 

APiTICLE IV. 
Xo limit to Trade hiticeen Russia and China. 



A Tavenir il n'y aura aucune limitation de la {mrt des deux 
rioiivi'rntMuent.s quant au nombre des commer^auts et des capitaines 
emi»luvt*s dans le commerce. 

Russian Merehants to pay Duties levied on Forei^ Imports, 

Dans le commerce maritime et dans tous les d(*tails qui le con- 
cenunt, savoir, les declarations sur les marchandises importees, le 
j«i\einent des droits d'ancrage et des droits d'apris le tarif existaut, 
iVr., li-9 sujets Kusses se cunformeivnt aux r^glementa g^n^iaux 
^lablis pour le commerce etranger dans lea porta de Chiue. 

313 



June T>j, 1853.] CHINA AND RUSSIA* [No. 53. 

[Oommerce.] 

Confiseaiion of Imported Articles o/IUieil Trade, 

Tout commerce illicite qui serait fait par les Russes sera puni 
par la confiscation, au profit, du Gouvemement Chiuois, des mar- 
cliaudises debarquees. 

ARTICLE V. 

Appointment of Russian Consuls, 

Le Grouvernement Russe sera libre de nommer des Consols 
dans les ports ouverts au commerce. 

Visit of Bicssian Vessels of War, 

II pourra y envoyer des navires de guerre pour maintenir ToTdre 
parmi les sujets Russes et douner de Tappui a Tautorit^ du ConsuL 

Relations between Consuls and Local Autliorities. Concessions of 

land/or Churclies, Houses, Shops, Jkc. 

Les relations entre le Consul et les autoritfe locales, la conces- 
sion d'un terrain convenable pour la construction des ^glises, des 
m lisons, et des magasins, I'achat par les Russes de terres chez les 
Cliinois, et toutes les transactions qui sont du ressort du Consul, se 
feront suivant les rei^les generales observees par le Gouvemement 
Cliinois dans les affaires avec les Strangers. 

ARTICLE VL 

Wrecks and Salvage, Assistance to Crew and Recovery of Cargo, 

Si un bS-timent de guerre ou de commerce Russe venait k se 
perdre sur la cote, I'autoritc^ Chinoise la plus proche porterait sur- 
le- champ assistance al'equipage, etprendraitlesmesuresn^cessaires 
pour le sauvetage du navire et de la cargaison. Elle facilitera aussi 
le transport do Toquipago et de la cargaison au port Ife plus proche 
on se trouve un Consul Russe ou un agent d'une nation amie de la 
Russie, ou la fix)ntiere, si le naufrage a eu lieu prfes d*elle. 

Salvage Expenses to he repaid. 

Le Gouvemement Russe fera rembourser les frais occasionn^ 
par le sauvetage de T^quipage et de la cargaison. 

Repair and Revictiialling of Ships of War and Merchant Vessels in 

non-open Forts of China, 

Dans le cas oi des navires de guerre ou marchands Russes se 
trouvaient dans la ndcessite de fairc des rc^parations, de se pour voir 
d*eau et de provisions fraiches, ils pourront entrer sur leur route 
dans les ports non ouverts au commerce, et acliet^r ce qui leur faut 

3J4 



No. 53.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [June ^, 1868. 

[Ooznxneroe.] 

k des prix fix(?s k Tamiable et sans que les autorit(58 locales y 
mettent des obstacles. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Disputes between Chinese and Eicssians to be examined by CM/tiese 
Authorities in concert with Russian Consuls, 

Toute affaire entre les sujets Russes et Chinois dans les ports 
et viUes ouverts sera examinee par les autorit^s Chinoises de con- 
cert avec le Consul llusse ou I'agent qui repr^ente Tautorite du 
Gouvemement Russe dans Tendroit. 

Russian Criminals to be judged according to Russian Law, and 

Chinese by their own Law, 

Les sujets Russes coupables des quelque dt51it ou crime seront 
juges d'aprfes les lois Russes. De m§me les sujets Chinois pour 
chaque crime ou attentat centre la vie ou la propriety d'un Russe 
seront jug^s et punis d'apr^s les lois de leur pays. 

Russians entering China and committing a crime, to be sent beyond 

tJte Frontier, or to the Consul to be tried, 

Les sujets Russes qui auraient p^netr^ dans Tint^rieur de la 
Chine et y auraient commis quelque crime ou delit seront recon- 
duits k la fronti^re, ou dans Tun des ports ouverts ou rciside un 
Consul Russe, pour etre jug^s et punis d'aprfes les lois Russes. 

ARTICLE VIIL 

Protection of Chinese Christians, 

Le Gouvemement Chinois ayant reconnu que la doctrine Chrd- 
tienne facilite T^tablissement de Tordre et de la concorde entre les 
hommes, promet de ne pas pers^cuter ses sujets Chretiens pour 
Texercice des devoirs de leur religion ; ils jouiront de la protection 
accord^e k tons ceux qui professent les autres croyances tol^r^es 
dans TEmpire. 

Freedom of Christian Religion. 

Le Gouvemement Chinois consid^rant les missionaires Chr^ 
tiens comme des hommes de bien qui ne cherchent pas d'avantages 
matcSriels, leur permettra de propager le Christianisme parmi ses 
sujets, et ne leur empechera pas de circuler dans Tint^rieur de 
TEmpire. 

Passports to Missionaries, 

Un nombre fix^ de missionaiies partant des villes ou ports 
ouverts sera muni de passepcrts signed par les autorit^ Russes. 

315 



JiuM i'g. l^S] CBUNA AXD RCSSIA. [Ho. 53. 




ARTICLE IX. 
Bfmndary Commission to fie unsf tiled Limits. 

1j^ j>arties non determinees des frontieres entre la Chine et la 
BiLSsie df.'vroat etre examinees sans dt.-lai sur les lieux memes. 

I>?5 deux Gouvernements noinmeront a cet effet des del^gnes 
qui fixenjnt la ligne de demarcation et conclueront la-dessus nne 
Convention, qui sera annex^e comme Article Separe au present 
Trait*?. 

Des cartes et des descriptions detaill(?es de la frontiere seront 
dress/ies easuite et servirout de documents incontestables poar les 
teui[>s future. 

ARTICLE X. 
Stay of Russian EccUsiastical Mission at Peking. 

II n'y aura plus de terme fixe pour le s^jour k Pekin de la 
Mission Ecclc^siastique Russe ; les membres de cette mission pour- 
ront, de Tautorisation de leur Gouvernement, retoumer dans leur 
patrie a Umte (^poque. La place vacante {X)urra etre occup^ par un 
nouveau membi'e. 

Russia to Defray Expenses of Mission. 

Le Gouvernement Chinois n'aura plus des d^penses k faire X)our 
Tentretien de la mission; tous les frais seront k la charge du 
Gouvernement Russe. 

Les frais de voyage des membres de la mission, des courriers et 
des autres personnes que le Gouvernement Russe exp(5diera de 
Kiakhta et des ports ou verts de Chine, et vice rersd, seront pay^s 
par le Gouvernement Russe ; les autorites Chinoises locales sent 
oblig<5es, de leur c6t<5, de prendre les mesures nt^cessaires pour que 
le voyage de toutes les personnes mentionnties ci-dessus soit prompt 
et commode. 

ARTICLE XL 
Postal Service unth Peking, 

Un service de poste rcgulier sera <5tabli entre Kiakhta et 
]*ekin \)o\xv les communications entre les deux Gouvemements, 
ainsi que pour les besoins de la Mission Eccl^siastique Kuase k 
Tekin. 

IjC courrier Clunois sera expedie k un jour fixe une fois par 
mois de IMkin et de Kiakhta, et devra, dans Tespace de 15 jours 
ou moins, apporter des paquets ofiiciels et lettres au lieu de leur 
destination. 

De plus, chaque 3 mois, ou 4 fois par an, on exp^diera un 
convoi de Kiakhta k P^kin, et virr versa, pour le transport de toute 

316 



No. 53.] CHINA AND RITSSIA. [June A, 1858. 

[Oommeroe. Frontier Trade. Boundaries, &o.] 

esp^ce d'envois et d'efifets. Ce convoi devra faire le trajet dans 
Tespace d*un mois. Toutes les d^peiises occasionn^es pour T^tablisse- 
ment et Tentretien de ces communications seront payees de moiti6 
par les deux Gouvemements. 

AETICLE XII. 

Political, Commercidl, and other Privileges ; Most-favoured-natiorb 

Treatment, 

Tous les privileges politiques, commerciaux, ou autres, qui 
pourraient dans la suite Stre acquis par les Etats les plus faYoris^s 
par le GU)uvemement Chinois, seront ^tendus en mSme temps sur la 
£ussie sans que c^la n^cessite des n^gociations pr^lables. 

Ba^ijicaiions. 

Ce Traits sera ratifi^ dfes k pr&ent par TEmpereur de Chine, 
et aprfes qu'il aura ^t^ ratifi^ par TEmpereur de Russie, T^change 
des ratifications se fera k F^kin dans un an, ou plutdt si faire se 
peut.* 



Treaty to be Signed in Russian, Mantehoue, and Chinese Languages ; 

Mantchotte Text to serve as Original. 

Des copies en langues Russe, Mantehoue, and Chinoise, revgtues 
des signatures et des sceaux des Pl^nipotentiaires des deux Etats, 
sont ^hang^es maintenant, et le texte Mantchou servira de base 
pour rinterpr^tation de tous les Articles du Traits, qui seront 
observes par les deux Hautes Parties Contractantes fid^lement et 
inviolablement 

Fait et sign^ dans la ville de Tien-tsin, le -^ Juin, de Tann^e 
1858 aprfes la naissance de J^sus-Christ, et dans la 4me ann^e du 
rfegne de Sa Majesty TEmpereur Alexandre II. 

(LS.) COMTE EUFHIMIUS FOUTIATINE. 
(L.S.) KOUI-LEANG. 
(LS.) HOUACHANA. 

* BatificatioDB excbaDged at Pekiog, ^ Not., 1800. See Protocol, p»ge 828. 



317 



Not. ^4, I860.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 64. 

[Commerce. Frontier Trade. Boundariee, &o.] 



(No. 54.) TMAITJE ADDITIONNEL de Commerce, de Naniga- 
twiiy et de. LiifiitnH, entrc la Bu^ic et la Chine. — Su/ii^ a P6ki7i, le 
^ Nuvemhrc, I860.* 

[Ratifiu a St Petersbourg, le 20 D(5cembre, I860.] 

A LA suite d*une r(5vision et d'uu exameu atteutifs des Trait(?s 
existants eiitre la Russie et la Chiiie, Sa Majestd I'Einpereur et 
Autocrate de Toutes les Kussies, et Sa Majesty le Bogdokhan de 
rEmpire Ta-Tsing, voulant ressener encore davantage les liens 
d'amitiu rc^ciproque eiitre les deux Pjupires, developperles relations 
commerciales et prcivenir tout niesentendu, out r(5solu de stipuler 
quelques Articles Additionnels, et, k cet effet, out noinnui pour leurs 
Pl^uipoteuti aires : 

Pour TEmpire de Russie, le General-Major Nicolas Ignatiew, 
de la suite de Sa AIajesti5 Imp^rialcj et Chevalier de plusieurs 
Ordros ; 

Pour TEmpire Ta-Tsing, le Prince Kong, Prince de premi&re 
classe, qui ])ort-e le noin d'Y-Sing. 

Lesdits Plc^nipotentiaires, apres s*etre communique leurs pleins 
pouvoirs, trouves suftisants, sont couvenus de ce qui suit : 



ARTICLE r. 

Pour corroborer et elucider TArticle I du Traits conclu dans la 
ville d'Aigoun, le 16 Mai, 1858 (No. 52). (8e anuee de Hien- 
Fong, 21e jour de la 4e lune), et en ex&ution de TArticle IX du 
Traite conclu le ler Juin de la meme annde (3e jour de la 5e lune) 
dans la ville de Tien-tsin {-^ June, 1858, No. 53) il est ^tablL 



Eastern frontier of two Empires defined. Territory north of the 
Amour to belong to Ilussia, that to the south to China. 

U(5sormais le fronti^re Oricntale entre les deux Empires,^ com- 
mencer du confluent des rivieres Cliilka et Argoun, descendra le 
cours de la riviere Amour jusqu'au confluent de la rivit^re Ousouri 
avec cette derniijre. Ixsterres situeos sur la rive gauche (au nord) 
de la riviire Amour appartiennent a TEnipire de Russie, et le? terres 
situees sur la rive droite (au sud), jusqu'au confluent de la riviere 
Ousouri, appartiennent k I'Empire de Chine. Plus loin, depu 
confluent de hi riviere Ousouri jusquau lac Hinkai", la ligne froutiere 
suit les rivieres Ousouri et Son'gatcha. Les terres situees sur la 
rive orientale (droite) de ces ri\i^res appartiennent a TEinpire de 
Russie, et sur la rive occidentale (gauche) k I'Empire de Chine. 

• " State Papers." Vol. 53. Pago 970. See also Treaty, 7th Oct., 1S64 
(No. 55). 

:J18 




No. S4.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Nor. ^. 1^60. 

[Ooin«TO#« VroBti«r Timd«. Ikwinrtari— , *o.] 



Plus loin, la ligne fronti^re entre les deux Empires, depuis le point 
lie Hoitie de la riviere Son'^tcha, coupe le lac Hinkai, et se diriga. 
sur Ih riviere IWIen-ho (Tour) ; depuis rembouchure de cette riviire 
elle suit la crete des inontagnes jus<^u a rembouchure de la riviere 
Houpitou (Houpt4»u), et de Ik, les montagnes situees entre la 
riviert; KhoAn-tchoun et la mer jusqu'a la rivifere Thou-men-kiang. 
Le long de cette ligne, ^galement, les terres situees k Test appar- 
tiennent k TEmpire de Kussie et celles k I'ouest k TEmpire de Chine. 
La ligne t'ronti^re s'appuie k la riviere Thou- men-kiaug, & 20 verstes 
( liinuises (li) au-dessus de son embouchure dans la mer. 

Map showing Dtlimitation. 

De plus, en ex^ution du m^me Article IX du Trait(^ de Tien- 
trtiu est confirm^ hi carte dressc^e a cet effet, et sur laquelle, pour 
plus de clarU», la ligne fronti6re est tracee par un trait rouge et 
indiqu^e par les lettres de Talphabet Russe A. E. B. F. 4- E. Hi. 3. 
II. L K. .1. M. II. 0. n. P. C. T. y. Cette carte est signt^e par les 
Plonip«>tt?ntiaires des deux Empires et soellc^ de leurs sceaux.* 

Chinese Colonists in Russian Territory to enjoy rights of Hunting 

and Fishing, 

I>anR le cas ou il existerait dans les lieux Hus-indi(|u^s des 
t^^miins colonisA* jwr des sujet^ Chinois, le Gouvemement Kusse 
Henpige k y laisser les habitiuits et k leur permettre de se livrer 
fonmie mr le passe a la chasse et a la peche. 

Apres que les })onies-fronti6res auront (^te posc^, la ligne de 
(Irinarcaticin de la frontiire devra rester a jamais invariable. 

ARTICU; II. 

Dtlimitation of Wedtni FroiUier. 

Lii ligne frontiire a I'ouest, indi^temiinee juwiu'ici, doit 
dt'Mirniais suivre la direction des montagnes, le cours des grandes 
riviores et la ligne actuellement existante des piquets Chinois. A 
jMirtir du deniier phart*, nomme Chabindal)aga, t^tabli en 1728 (6me 
ainnV de Young-Tcrhing). apres la conclusion du Traite de Kiakhtn, 
file se dirigera vers le sud-ouest jusqu au lac Dsai-sang, et de ]k 
jus4(iraux montagnes situc^ au sud du lac Issyk-koul, et nom- 
int'es IVngri-chan, ou Alatau des Kirghises, autrement dites 
fiuore Ttuan-chan-nana-lou (branches meridionales des montagiiee 
(\lestes), et le long de ci's montagnes jusqu'aux possessions an 
Kokand. 

ARTICLE III. 

( 'iwnntJtsion for i!i!dtltfntnt of Eastern Boundary. 

Uesonuais tout43S les uuestioiu» de iVontieies qui pourront surgir 
ult^rieurement seront n^ees d apr^s les stipulations der Articles I 

• Not pablkhcd. 

319 Y 



i 



Ho^-V^, !«>.: <'HIXA ASU R^S^^IA. Tlo. 54 

et II 4a pTPflent TiaiU*, et. pour la pose dc? bonic&-fri>nriiTe«. a 
rorient, depaiii k lae Hink^ii jufr^u a la riviere Thoa-men-kiaii^ : et 
a IV/ccident, depoLs le phare (.'habisHaV^ga jusqn'anx paasessioiis dn 
Kokand, le^ OoavememeDts Rus^ et Chincns nommeront dee hom- 
m« de eonfiance ^commifsfiaires?] IV>ar Finspection des frontieres 
orientalefi leff con)iiussairei> deTront se rennir an confluent de la 
riviere Oiuy^furi danB le courant dn mois d'Avril prochain i 1 le annee 
de Hien-Fonjr, 3e luneX Ponr rifispe<-ticHi de la frontiere occi- 
flentale. la r^'union des C)iiimisf»irp& aura lien a Tarbagatai, mais 
Y^jfOi{ue n'en est pas detenninee. 

^fap to be prt pared. 

Sur Iw* bases fix^*es par le*5 Articles I et 11 dii present Traite, 
lefi fonctionnaires fondc's de pou»oirs (coiniuissaires) dresseront des 
cartes et des descriprions detaillees de la ligne frontiere, en 4 exem- 
plaires. dont deux en langue Russe et deux en langue Chinoise ou 
Mantchoue. Ces cartes et descriptions seront signees et scell^es 
par las conimissaires, apres quoi deux exemplaires. im en Russe et 
I'autre en langue Chinoise ou Mantchoue, seront remis au Gou- 
vemement Rii&se, et deux exemplaires semblables au (JouTemement 
Chinois, pour etre conserves par eux. 

Pour la remise des cartes et descriptions de la ligue frontiere, 
il sera dresse un proUjcole corrolwre par la signature et Fapposition 
des ftcejiux des commi&saires, et qui sera considers couime Article 
Additionnel au present Traits. 

ARTICLE IV. 
Free^li/ra of Frmiiier Trade. Protection hy Local Chiefs, 

Sur toute la ligne frontifere etablie par TArticle I du present 
Trait(^. un commerce d'echange libre et franc de droits est antoris^ 
entre les sujets des deux Etits. Les chefs locaux des frontieres 
doivent accorder une protection particidifere & ce commerce et k 
ceux qui Texercent. 

8ont en meme temps confirmees par le present les dispositions 
relatives au commerce ^tablies par TArticle II du Traite d'Aifmim 
(No. 52). ^igoim 

ARTICLE V. 

Husdan Trade betweeii KiofdUa and Pekin. 

Outre le commerce existant k Kiakhta, les marchands Rusaes 
jouiront de leur ancien droit de se rendre de Kiakhta k T'^^ 
pour affaires commerciales. J^e«:in 

Trade at Oturga aiui Kalgan, 
Sur la route, il leur est dplement pemiis de commercer k 




Ho. 54.] CHINA AMD RUbSlA. [Nut ,V. 186<). 

[Obhimmih, Frontier Tndm, Bonwdarl— , *o.] 



OurgH et a Kalgan. sans etre oblig^ toutefois d*y ^tablir de com- 
merce en groa 

Appotnt/iirtU of Husgian Cansid at Ourga, 

\m Kouvenieinent Kusse aura le dn»it d'avoir k (^iirga un Con- 
sul (liii-tchi-kliouant) accoinpagnf^ de quelques peraonnes, et d'y 
const rui re k sea frais une habitation pour ce fonctionoaire. Quant 
a la coiicoHsion d'un terrain pour cet ddifice, au r^gleuient des 
dimensions de ce dernier, coiume aussi k la concession d'un pftturage, 
on devra s'entendre avec les Gouveraeurs d'Ourga, 

Liberty to Chinue to trade in Rusda, 

lien uiaivhands Chinoin sont ^galement autorisc^s k m rendre 
en Kusaie pour y conimerc«fr, s'ils le d^irent. 

Libert If to Kiimdn MerckaiUs to Travel in China, Hestrictions. 

Le8 niarcl lands Uusses out le droit de voyager en Chine, eu tout 
temps, pour affaires de commerce ; seulement, il leur est interdit de 
se reunir simultan^ment en nombre de plus de 200 dans le m^nie 
lieu ; de plus, ils doivent etre muuis de billets de I'autorite Russe 
k la fronti^re, indiquant le nom du chef de la caravaue, le nombre 
des hommes dont elle se compose et le lieu de sa destination. Pen- 
dant le voyage, ces marchands ont la faculty d'acheter et de vendre 
tout ce (|ui leur cunWent Tons les frais de leur voyage sont k leur 
charge. 

ARTICLE VI. 
Kackyar opm^, experimentally, to Trade. 

A titre d'essai, le commerce est ou vert ^Kachgar, sur les monies 
biises c\uk 111 et k Tarbagatiu. 

f>sgiuii of hand J w Building Houses, Churches, Ceineierus, 

and for Pasturage, &c\ 

A Kachgar, le Gtmvememeut Chinois cMe un terrain suttiaant 
]Kiur la construction d'une factorerie avec tons les ^fices n^ces- 
Haires, tels que nudsons d'habiUttion, magasius pour le d^pdt des 
marchandises, ^glise, Ac, ainsi qu'un terrain pour le cimetiire, et 
un pAtu^u^?, comme k Hi et a Tarbagatai. Les ordi^es seroni 
donn(^s inim^iat«*ment au Gouvemeur du pays de Kachgar pour la 
c*oncession desdits temdns. 

Pillage (ff Merekandisi, 

Le (vouvemenient Chinoisne r^pond pasdu pillage des marchands 
HuvH*i4 commen;ant k Kachgar. dans le cas ou ce pillage auiail ^le 

321 Y 2 



Nov. A, J860.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 64. 

[OomiiMroe. Frontier Trade. Boundaries, &o.] 

commis par des gens venus d'au-delk des lignes des postes de garde 
Chinois. 

ARTICLE VII. 

ReciprocaJ Freedom of Commerce. 

Dans les lieux ouverts an commerce, les Russes en Chine, 
conime les sujets Chinois en Russie, peuvent se livrer en pleine 
libenxi aux affaires coramerciales, sans aucune vexation de la part 
(les autx)rit^8 locales ; frequenter avec la meme liberty et en tout 
temps les marches, les boutiques, les maisous des marchands du 
pays ; vendre et acheter di verses marchandises en gros et en detail, 
au comptant ou par ^changes ; les livrer et recevoir k credit, seloii 
leur confiance r^cipix)que. 

^ferrhants free to remain in o?ic place as lonr/ a^ thet/ please. 

La duree »lu sdjour des marchands dans les lieux on se fnit le 
commerce n'est pas d^termiaee et depend de leur libre arbitre. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Mviual Protection of MerchaiUs. 

Les marchands Russes en Chine et les Chinois en Russie sont 
places sous la protection sp^iale des deux Gouvernements. 

Appointment of liussian Consids at Kachyar and Chcrga, 

Pour surveiller les marchands et pr^venii* les malentendiis qui 
pouiTaient survenir entre eux et les habitants du pays, il est 
loisible au (Touvernement Russe de nommer d^s i-pr^sent des Consuls 
k Kachgar et k Ourga, sur la base des regies adopt(5es pour Hi et 
Tarbagatai. 

Appointment of Chinese Consuls in Russia, 

Le ixouvomement Chinois pent ^galement, s'il le desire, 
nommer des Consuls dans les capitale? et autres villes de TEnipire 
de Russie. 

Governnu^nt Consular Buildinys. 

I/CS Consuls de Tune et de Tautre Puissance sont loges dans des 
Edifices constniits aux frais de leurs Gouvernements respectifs. 
Toutefois, il ue leur est pas d(5fendu de louer, si cela leur couvient 
de5J logements chez les habitants du pays. 

Relations of Consuls with Local AtUhorities 

Oans leurs relations avec les autorit^,s locales, les Consuls des 
deux Piiiswuices observent une egalite parfaite, en execution de 

322 



No. 51] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Sox. ^, 1860. 

iOommmrc%, Frontier Trade. BoundariM, *o.] 

r Article II du Traite de Tienteiii (y, June, 1858, No. 53). 
Toutes leH affairea ooiiciTiiaut les marchands de Tun et de I'autre 
Kiupire sont examiu^n jwir eux de ♦^n'* k gru ; les crimes et d(^lit8 
ticiiveut C*iTv jiige8, cc iiiiiie il est rej»I^ par T Article VII du Traits? 
tie Tien-tsin (No. 53), d'apn\s le.s loin de TEmpire dent le 
L'oupalile est Hujet. 

(Jonmdnr Jurisffictwn, Civil Coms, 

Le« litiges, i-evendicatioua et autres lualeutendus de uiSme 
nature, survenaiit entn; niarchandH a pn)po8 d'affaires commerciales, 
»<*ruiit ivgles jMir les luarehands eux-memes, au inoyeu d'arbitres 
rhtiisis parnii eux ; lea (Nmsuls et les autorites locales doiveul. st* 
iHjnier a cooperer a I'arraiigenieut a Tauiiable, sans prendre aucune 
re8|^»4insahilitt* ivlativement aux n^vendications. 

Fulfilment of Cimtntcts. 

Dans les lieux oil le eoiumerce est auUirisc!', les luarehands de 
Tun et tie I'autre Empire peuvent c^mtraeter des engagements par 
tk'rit jMiur des eommandes de marchandises, la location de boutiques, 
maiH4)nH, &c., et les pn'senter a la It^galisation du Consulat et de 
r«id ministration locale. En cas de non-ex(^cution d'un engageiuent 
ecrit. le Consul et le chef locid prt*nnent des mesures pour aTnener 
les j>artie« a remplir exactement leurs obligations. 

1^8 contestations c^ui ne se rapiwrtent i>oint k des affaires de 
conimene entre niHrchands, telles (jue litiges, plaintes, Ac, sont 
jugcH3s de consentement mutuel par le Consid et le t;hef local, et les 
d(^lin(|uants sont punis d apr^s les lois de leur pays. 

Mutual Ejctraditwn. 

En cas de recel d'un sujet Husse parmi les Cyhinois, ou de sa 
t'uite dans Tinti^rieur du pays, I'autoriU* locale, aussitot apr^s en 
aviiir <V* infonni'*e par le Consul Kusse, prend imniMiatement des 
mesures |Mnir faire rwhercher le fugitif, et aussitot aprte Tavoir 
di'couvert le remet au Consulat Kusse. La m^me niarche doit 
•'•^Tilement etre ol)«enve rclativenient k tout sujet Chinois qui se 
cacherait chez des Kusses ou ne serait enfui en Russie. 



Criminal Case^ FunishmefU of Offender^ 

Dans les cas de crimes graves, tels quemeurtre, brigandage avec 
de graves blessures, attentat contre la vie, iucendie premAliti', &c., 
apn'-s enquele, si le coujjable est Russe,il est envoye en Russie pour 
etre tmile sel(»n les lois de mm pays, et s'il est Chinois, sa punition 
lui est intligee par I'autorite du lieu ou le crime a ^te commis, ou 
bien, SI les lois de 1 Etat lexigent, le coupable est envoye dans une 
autre ville ou une autre province pour v recevoir son chAtiment. 

323 



Not. V„ W;0.j C'HINA ANI> HTSSlA. Ko. 54. 

[Ooau&«rc«. Frontier Trade. Boaadaries, Ao.] 

Xi/n-Imin-i^tiimtiit n/ Snhj«'tt.< o/nthfr Pincerit. 

Kii ui^ (1(* iTiiiir, tjiu'llr nu'eii ^«.»il la ^nivito, le (*<»n^ulctle 
c'lirf l<M"jil lu* |K*uv»'m i»n*inlri' li*s uiesnri*s nt'*<T88iiin*8 qui* relati- 
Vi'iiu'iit all rouiijilili' ii|ipart**imiit a lour \>n\s, ct iii 1*1111 iii Tautre 
n'ji !•■ timit tl'incarivnT iii »li* jupT S4*jiari' incut. K triicoiv iiKiiiiA «le 
cliatitM un iiidiviihi noii->nii*i <lf snw <tonvprm*iiUMit. 

AKTIL'LK l.\. 

f *i ttn inrrnnl Rtlnfinnn mi Ft'' » n t if rs. 

!-Vt»*ii«liu» ijiu* pn»iin»Mit rif-tiu'lb'TiuMit U*« ri'lntions mmiiipr- 
riiilfs eiitn* l«»s sujet.s iIoh ilfiix !MiisH4iiic«*H. vi la fixation <lf la 
inuivi'lli' li«;iu* "Ioh fn»ntit*n*s n'mlent iir'.m»riimi?' iinipplioahlcH lea 
unrifuni's ivi:U'.s etui »1 lex jwir lt»s Trait**s concluH a Nertchinak et jk 
Kiakhta.rl par Ics ('iinviMition> i|ui lenroiit siTvi ile c(>iupl<^menta ; 
l«*M n*latii>ii*< <ii»s auiuriti'S iIi»j* fn»iitiereH tMitn* oUea et U*a rt^lea 
t'tai'lif?* jNiur IVxaiiHMi lU'saflain*.** <l«* fn»ntii*n*8 ne n*i»«iulpiit I'^ale- 
int*nt pln!« anx cin-oiiHtaiiLVM actncllea. Kn couHoqueiuv, en ivni- 
placomeiit tU' vvH h»trlrs. il est I'tahli ce fpii Huit : 

Fnnitur Rfijidntiuns, 

iH'snniiai**. ouirt* l«»« relations (pii existent a la fmntien* orieiitale, 
|>:ir Oiin^'a el Kiakhta. eiitn* le < roiiverneiir <le Kiakhta et It^ 
riutnrit*'-* irOtinra.et a la fnintien* «M.Tiiifntale.entn' le ifnuverneur- 
tit'iK'nil lie la SilnTie Oi-riilfiitale et ratlniini^itration irili. il v auni 
I'limre i|e«i p'lations i|«* tnuititTi'M eiitre le«* ( Hiuverneurs niilitain*** 
lie la proMihc lie r.Vinnur et ile la ppivince iiiariiiiiiu et 1i*h iifian^- 
kinn (< '••iiiinaiiilanl«<'-eii-flH-f > tit* lli-.lnnii'j-kiait;; et «ie Kirin. et 
fiiln* le < "oiiiniisN;un' ile^ lr"iiliire> tli* Kiaklit^i el le d/arjiMitcliei 
(ptiii \iiui-ii». tl'iipres le si'n-* ile TArtii'le VIII ilu pn'"i4*iit J mite. 

('Diitiirnieiuent a rAitidi- II dii Truite «le Tion-lMii (No. 53) 
les (•ou\eriieun4 inilitain's et <'i»niiiianiIaiitH-«ii-i*lief <tHiaij)(-kiun> 
ei-ile.ssu'i n«>ni lilt's ilniveiit (>lis«fr\er uiie tn:alite iiaHaite <iiiiia lcun> 
ivlatioii'^. et ^ont t«*nu^ ilv tie le> eiitn-tt'iur «{Ue |N»iir leM atlkinw 
ilaiiN If<u|uelli's li'iir aihiinu>tratiitii e<«t iiin*«'tenient iiit«'r«*8MV. 

Kn e.u« ir.itlain'si •i'uiii- inj|Kirtanec ]Kirti«'itlii'n\ le irnuverneur- 
(teiii'-nil lie la SiU-rie (trientali- a le ilimt ireiitn'teiiir <les rulatioiie 
jmr i-iTit. '»"il aviM- |e < 'iiii<i*il Supn'-nie 'kiiin-ki-t<-li(>ii). H«»it uvee Ui 
rmir, •If'* n-latiiiii'* exttrieun*'* 'Ii-fan-vniien 1. eoninie phnripttU 
auloMti' ailiiiiniMrative iliritfeant le« relation^ i*t I'ailniiniAtnition 
lies fn»ntieiv?* 

A in I CLE X. 

fritttinnis /*• ^ puuixhfti »trri»rti\nQ t*> Lnv* i»f thr\r #m/^i Country. 

I>an« l*in«*tnietiMn v\ la (Ii-«*i(»inn <{e«i jffain'*^ il** fnintit^reid, de 
i(uel«|ue iiiipitrtaiire t^u'elleB <Miient. len t'liefn ilt» fntnti^m 4e 

324 



No. 54.] CHINA AND IUTSSIA. [Not. A. IHflO. 

[Ooaua^ro*. Frontier Trad*. Boundaries, Ac] 

confonneront aux regies ^mmcees en TArticle VIII du present 
TraiU^ : (^miit aux enqii^tes concernant les sujets de Tun et de 
Taiitre Empire, et aux chAtiiuents k leur infli^er, ils s'effectueront, 
ainsi qu'il est tlit en 1* Article VII du Traite de Tien-tsin (No. 53), 
d'apr^s les lois du pays auquel appartient le coupable. 

Slaifin/j anri Thrft of Cnttif on Frontier, 

Ku cas lie passage, detourueinent ou eul^veiueut de Mtail au 
dela de la frontiere, les autoritt^ Inuiles, aussitot qu'elles en auront 
etc* infonnees et «jue les traces auront ^to iiidi<|U^e8 au <;ardien du 
p<wte fronti^re le plus proclie, enverrout des homines charges de 
t'aire des rei'.lierclies. I>3 l)etail retrouve sera immediatemeut res- 
titue, et s'il en manque quelques pieces, la rept$tition en sera 
exerc^ confonn^ment aux lois; mais dans ce cas Tindemnit^ k 
payer iie doit pas etre elevt^e i plusieurs fois la valeur ilu betail 
uian(|uant (ainsi que cela se prati([uait auparavant). 

RrtradUwn of Fiu^ires, 

En cas de fuite d'un individu au deli des frontiferes, k la pre- 
miere nouvelle, des mesures sont imm^iatement prises pour re- 
chercher le transfuge. lie fugitif saisi est Uvn^ sans delai, avec 
touR les objets (pii lui appartiennent, k Tautorit^ de la fronti^re : 
Texamen des motifs de la fuite et le jugement de Taffaire elle mSme 
s'effectuent par Tautorii^ locale du pays auquel appartient le 
transfuge, la plus rapprocht^ des frontiires. Pendant tout le temps 
de son sejour au dela des fronti^res, depuis son arrest^Uion jusqu'i 
son extradition, le transfuge est convenablement nourri et, en cas 
de liesoin, v^tu ; la garde (|ui Taccompagne doit le traiter avec 
humanity* et ne doit pas se pemiettre d'actes arbitraires k son 
eganl. On devra en agir de meme a T^ganl du transfuge au sujet 
duquel il n'aurait c^t^ donn^ aucun avis. 

ARTICLE XI. 
Mettukl of Addreu and Despatch of Official Cafnmunicatians. 

Les communications par ecrit eutre les autorit^s superieures 
des fnmtiires de Tun et de I'autre b^ipire ont lieu par I'entremise 
des fonctionnaires les plus voisinsde la frontiere, k qui les dep^ches 
exp^li^ sunt remises coutre recepiss^a 

Le (jouvemeur-Gen^ral de la Sib^rie Orientale et le Uouvemeur 
de Kiakhta envoient leurs d^p^cbes au oommissaire des frontiireit k 
Kiakhta, qui les remet au dzargoutcbei (pou-you^n) : les Grouver- 
neuni d'Ourga exp^ient les leurs au dzargoutcliei (pou-youin), qui 
les remet au oommissaire des frontiires k Kiakhta. 

Le (fouvemeur Militaire de la l^viuce de T Amour envoie ses 
dcpeches ]Mir Tadjuint (fou-dou-toun) du Commandant-eu-chef 
(tMJang-kiun) dans la ville dWigoun. par I'entremise duquel les 

325 



Not. ,t,. iHfiO."' C-HTNA AND RT'SSIA. THo.Si. 

[Commero*. FrontUr Trad*. Bowwlafi— . #e.l 

ruiiitnnii(lant.M-oii-<')i«*f UMiiiiii;-kiuir d** Ht'liiun«;-kian£; et do Kirin 
tniiismt*tt<M)t Ifs liMirs mi (JnnviTiHMn- Militain* th» la Pn»viiioi» dt* 
TAiiHair. 

I^* (MMivt'iiiciir Militain* ilf la prt'vinr** maritime ft !•* C'om- 
iiiandaiit-cii-rlit*r 'tsian«;-kiiiii) dr Kiriii s»* iniiiMriu*tt4*nt rtVi|»ro- 
•jurini'iit l«Mii-s d«'iM'('ln*s |iar rfntn*iuis«* Av I«Mirs rli«»f?* (J«» |MiHt^H 
fmntirn's siir Ifs rivirn's <>ii*«i»uri «?t Klii»uii-t('hi»un. 

1^1 traiiMiiissinii i\rs ('inTfS|M»ndanr«*s eiitn* le <niuv*Tiii»ur- 
(rrin'nd dt* la SilN-rii' nfrid«*ntal«* «*t PadiiiiiiistrHti<^'ii HUfit'n**un* <»u 
Ir < *oiiiiiiaiidaiit-«'n-<-li*'f i isiaiiu-kiuii d'lli sVftiH'tiu* |wr IVntnMnifie 
dii <*nii'4Ml dt* li*iis.sii> dans la villt* ti'lli Knnldja). 

Kn ca^ d'atVain* d'lint* ini|Niitan(v |)Jirtiriili«'ri* fxi^eaiit tleit 
rx|dii'atinnH \*'H>al»'s. l«*s aul<^»riti'-s**iHM-riiMin*s il»«s fn»iiti<*rt»H di» run 
rt d«' raiiiH' Kiiipin.' |)«Mi\vnt sV\|H'diiT nM*ii»r«N|m»riiPiit Ii»un* d«*- 
|MM*)i»»s |Kir df< ft»nrti«»niiain*»« |{u«*sfH dt» niiiHaiioi'. 

AKTK'LK XII. 

i'liiituriiM'iiit'iit ati\ dis|Misitiiiiis d«- rArtirltf XI du Trait/* do 
Ti»*n-l.**iii (No. 53). If> jn»sIi*s au\ li.*ltn"« t«t aiix rnlis expt'dieeH 
|Ni(ir afVairi's di* MTvirc dt* Kiak)ita a iVkiti.ft ri'toiir, {Mirtirunt aiix 
t'iMHiut's I'Mli'fvsJiiis. Sjivoir : I»»h |misi«-m iiux U'ltrt's. iim* fnis i'hu(|i]<' 
nil lis lit* rhat-iin dfs dt'ux |Miint.*«. ft lt'?« |iii**t('s aux colin, unt* fois 
tons lt*s ticux inuis dt* Kiaklita |i'iiir IVkin, rt uiie fViis tons Icm M 
niuis dt' IV'kiii |Niiir Kiaklit«i. 

Ix.»s |Nisir.s aii\ lottn*."* dnivfut arriwr a Ifiir drstiiiatinn fii 2<» 
jtiiii-s ail plus. I'l It's |HiHtfs aux riili> v\\ 4(t j«atrs au plus. 

A cliai(Ut' viiyai:t'. la jhisi«* nux «'idis nt* duit |MtH t-irt* charj^'t' dr 
plu^ dt* L'i> t'aiss4's ni* |N-Nint pii> plu^iiit* 120 livrfH CliinniM'M (^hin) 
on 4 |HiuiU i'harunt*. 

\a'> |»«i'iti-s aux lfttn*s fluivt-nt t'm* fXiK-'tlit-fs It* jmir nit'iiit* tii'i 
elli's I'lit ttt- n-niis^'s . %'\\ ra.- di* rfUinl.il y aura un«* fnipu'lf i*t 
\\\\v puiiitioii •m'vi'D*. 

1^' |N»>lili»ii fXiN'tlii- ,ivt»(' Ifs |>ii?*tf> aux lt•llr^•^ et aux o*dis duit 
St* pn-M-iiifr au ronstd.it fit* Iiu»***ii* a t hirvra. y n*ni«*ttrv li*s Ifttrvs 
et fiilis ailr»*>>» s aux |«t*r-«»iuit*s n-sidaiit rn rftt«* villf. et nu'evoir 
d'flli*'^ les If! tit"* ft ^•llli^ ijuVlli-s aunifnt a exjNMlifr. 

A If x|N^iiti>>n df.H |mih(i*h tux i-iih-. |fs i*aiv<M**i dmit elleH «int 
fhuru'i'fs iliiivfut **ln* afi«iin|«it:nffs df lfttn*M de vrntun* t«in-tan,. 
Ik* Kiakhl.t If^ lfttrf*» -If vi>ilurf. iu'«'iiiii]iiii:nt''f<» ifun otiice, snnt 
aiMp'-M^ a I iliiuvfriifur d Ourja. fi df Ti-kin, i '^mIi- nif nt ave** un 
c»ttii f a la •-•»ui- ijt-s ndaliiiu^ f xtiTifurt"* <liait-\iiueiu 

|ji"« Ifltrt's deviiitun* tndiijuent i*x.v tfiiieril la datf dt* IVxinMli- 
tliiU. If imiulin* ili-s ral^H4'.s ft IfUi {niIiJm t**t.il \j* |»i»iiU H|M'*ctA| 
de chaipif • aiv^* %\*a\ t'tre iii<»i.rit nur rfnvfli*p|>e nu'nie de la 
cai><fe. ell c)iitrn-<4 Ka'«^**>. avtn leur irailuctMii fit |Mfid« M«»nkr<d uti 
(.*hini»iA 

326 



Mo. 54.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Not. \, 1»I0. 

[OonuB«ro«. Frontier TnUU. Boundariefl, Ac] 

Private hjstal Service mnetiotuJ, 

Si le,s inarehands Kiissea ju^ent ntk^^ssaire, pour les bcsoin.s de 
leura affaireH de coimnerce, d'etablir a leurs frais un service de 
jHmte |)our le transport de leurs lettre« ou de leura murchandises, la 
facult/' le'ir en sera accordee, afin d'all^er le service de la ])OSte 
de riitat. En eas d'c^tjiblissement d'une communication postale, le« 
niarcliands doivent simpleinent en pnWenir Tautorit/ locale pour 
ol»tenir son assentinuuit. 

ARTICLE XIII. 
Trfnism lesion of Ortiinnry Correxpondtnrt, 

Les corresiHjndancea ordiuaires du Ministre des Affaires Etran- 
geresiie Kussie pour le Conseil Supn'nie (kiun-kitchou) de I'Empire 
Ta-T»inj^, et eelles du (iouverneur-Gentiral de la Sib^rie Orientale 
pour le meme Coused ou pour la cour k\^& relations ext<^rieures 
(li-fan-youen) sont exp^di^es de la mani^re ordinaire par la poste, 
mais sans etre astreintes aux epoques tix^es pour le depart de 
celle-ci ; en cas d'affaires d'une importance particuli^re, ces corres- 
poiidances |K*uvent ^tre exp^di^es par un cnurrier Kusse. 

Special Caurirrs. 

I\M)dant le sejour des Envoyes Kusses a Pekin, les d^p^ches 
d'une importance speciale peuvent ^galement etre expc5diees par un 
fonctionnaire Kus^se expressement designe k cet etfet. 

l>*s courriers Kusses ne doivent etre retenus niUle part en route, 
ni par qui que ce soit 

Le courrier charge de transporter des d^ptehes doit absolument 
etre sujet Kusse. 

L'exp^ition d*un courrier est annonc<^e 24 heures d'avance, k 
Kiakhta. ]>ar le commissaire au dzargoutchei (pou-you^n), et a 
P^kin fiar la miasion Kusse k la cour militaire (ping-pou). 

ARTICLE XIV. 
Fuwer to rrtise Ref/ul{itians respecting Land Trade, 

Si, ult^rieurenient, quelqu*uue des stipulations relatives au 
(t>nimerce de terre arrfitfes par le pn^sent Trait^ oflFrc des incou- 
V(5nienti< k I'uue ou a I'autre Partie, le Gouvenieur-G^n^ral de la 
Sibcrie < irientale est autorise a s entendre avec les autorit^ supe- 
rieures des froutiires de TEmpire Ta-Tsing et k conclure avec elles 
des Ciiuveutions additionnelles, en se conformant dans tous les cas 
aux principes puses ci-dessus. 

i; Article XII du Tmit4< de Tien-Tsin (^j June. 1858. No. 53) 
est en meme temps confirm^ et ne doit subir aucune alteration). 

327 



Nov. ^,1860.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 54. 

COommeroe. Frontier Trade. Boondaries, #o.] 

ARTICLE XV. 
Ejrh-nyuje of Treafi^Ji. 

Ayant iirretc d'un coiaiuun accord les dispositions ci-dessus, 
les Plenipoteiitiaires des Empires de Eiissie et de Chine ont sign^ 
de leur main et scell^ de leur sceau deux exemplaires du texte 
Russe du Traitc'^ et deux exemplaires de sa traduction en langue 
Chinoise, et se sont recipr(M]uement remis Tun t\ Tautre uri exem- 
plaire de Tun et de Tautre. 

I^s Articles du present Trait^ ont force l(5o:ale h (later du jour 
de leur dchan^je entre les Pldnipotentiaires de Tun et de Tautre 
Empire, comme s'ils ^taient insc^r^s mot pour mot dans le Trait(5 de 
Tien-Tsin, et doivent t^tre k toujours exc^cnt^s fidfelement et invio- 
lahlement. 

licUiJiccUions, 

Apr^s avoir ^t^ ratifi^ par les Souvemius des deux Empires, ce 
Traits sera promulgu^ dans chacun des deux Etats, pour la con- 
naissance de la gouveme de qui il appartiendra. 

Conclu et sign^ dans la ville capitale de P^kin, le ^ Novembre, 
1860, de rfere Chr^tienne, et 6e ann^e du rfegne de TEmpereur 
Alexandre II, et le 2e jour de la lOe lune de la lOe ann^e de 
Hien-Fong. 

(L.S.) NICOLAS IGNATIEW. 
(LS.) KONG. 



Protocol de l*Schaff^e dn Traits Additionnel de Pdkin, 

Le -^ Novembre de Tan 1860, les Hants Plenipotentiaries. : pour 
I'Empire de Russie, le General Major Ignatiew, de la suite de Sa 
Majesty Imp<5riale et Chevalier de plusieurs ordres ; pour TEmpire 
Ta-Tsing, le Prince Kong, Prince de premifere classe, suivis de leurs 
Secretaires et interpr^tes, se sont r^unLs a 4 heui-esapies midi.dans 
une des salles du College Ecclesiastique Russe, situ^ vers le sud, k 
I'effet de proc^der k la signature et k r^change du Traite conclu 
aujourd'hui et devant servir de complement an Traite de Tien-Tsin 
de rannee 1858 (No. 53). 

En premier lieu il a ete fait lecture de T^dit du Bogdokhan, 
dans lequel il est declare que Sa Majesty contirme mot pour mot le 
projet de Traii^ Additionnel, en 15 Aiticles, soumis k sa ratifica- 
tion ; qu'elle promet de Texecuter fidfelement et inviolablement, et 
ordonne k Kong-tsin-wang d'apposer le sc^au et de signer le Traits 
Additionnel qui a ete conclu. Kong-tsin-wang ayant ensuite 
declare que cet edit suffit en tout point pour que la delimitation 
des deux Empires et les autres Articles du Traite soient consideres 
comme definitivement ratifies par le Bogdokhan, le Plenipotentiaire 
de Russie a declare que, de son cote, il ecmsentait k considerer le ^ 

328 



No. 55.] CHINA ASD RUSSIA. [Sf^Hi 1864. 

[BoundarUs.] 

Traits coiniue ratifie par le Bogdokhan, et qu'il etait pret a siguer 
immMiatemeiit le Trait<5 et k effectuer I'echonge das exemplaires. 
En cous^uence, les deux IMeiiipotentiaires ont .sigix^ deax exem- 
plaires du Traits* en laugue Russe et deux exeiuplaires eu languo 
Chinoise, et y ont faiit app^iser leurs sceaux. A la suite de quoi le 
(f^nc^ral- Major Ignatiew a remis entre les mains du Prince de 
premiere classe Kong Tinstrunient du Traits, transerit dans les 
deux langues, et le Prince de premiere rlasse Kong, ayant re<ju le 
Trait^, a reinis >\ son tour au Pl^nipotentiaire de Ru.ssie I'instru- 
inent du Traite t»galeinent transerit dans les deux langues. 

L'<5change des exeniplaires du Traits ayant 6ti effectu^, les 
Pli^nipotentiaires out signed le pi^nt proems- verbal, en deux ex- 
eniplaires, k P(5kin, dans une des salles du College Eccldsiastique 
Rnsse, situ(5 vers la sud. 

(LS.) NICOLAS IGNATIEW. 

(L.S.) KONG. 



(No. 65.) PROTOCOL OF CONFERENCE between Russia and 
Ckimt, definiiKj the Boundary betvY^n $he Tufo Countries Signed at 

Trhigtifhak. S*^' 1864/ 
(Translation.) 

Ivan Zakhakokk, State (Councillor, Knight, and Consul-Creneral 
in Kuldja; and 

Ivan liabkoft', Colonel, Knight, and Chief Quartermaster of the 
deUu'hetl Silurian Array Corps, Comrai.saaries of the (Ireat Russian 
Kmpire appointed for the delimitation of the f]X)ntier ; and 

Min-i, Commander of the Left Wing, Tzian-Tziun of Ulusutai, 
and ranking as (k)mmaiider of a Chine.se Army Corps bearing a 
hmI banner with a Iwrder ; 

Silin, Hobei-Amban of Tarbagatai, and ranking as Assistant 
(Vimmander o** an Army Corps ; and 

IVdgosu. Brigadier Commander of Tarljagatai, having the nmk 
nf Assistant Comnuinder of an Army Corps and the title of Baturu, 
all ihiee of the great Daitain Empire, and appointed by Supreme 
Onler for determining the North-Western Frontier. 

In fulfilment of the Treaty of Pekin.t(No. 54), and with the 
view of strengthening the good relations existing between the two 
Knipin\s, it was by mutual accord determined in the town of Tar- 
liagatai with respect to the delimitation of the country subject to 
partition between the two countriea, and commencing from Shabin- 
dabaha to the Tsun-lin range bordering on Kokan territory, to 
mark the line of frontier along the ridges of mountains, large 

• *' »Ut« P»)ieni." Vol. (TZ. IV« 174. Beferr*^ to in Trmti bMwMn 
Rii».M mtiii (niinji of K*brtimrv If. 1K8I. (Ho. 57.) 
t Not •nibrr ,V/ iStft). 

329 



?^^1864J CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 55- 

[Boondariefl.] 

rivers, and existing Chinese pickets, and having constructed a map 
of the country adjoining the frontier to indicate on it by a red line 
the boundary between the two Empires. Wherefore I hey have 
drawn uj) the present Protocol, in which they have set forth the 
names of the places defining the line of frontier determined at the 
present Conference, and adopted the rules for defining such 
frontier, which are embodied in the following Articles : — 

ARTICLE T. 

Conmiencing from the boundary mark of Shabin-dabaha the 
frontier will first run westwards, then southwards along the Sayaii 
ridge ; on i-eaching the western extremity of the Tannu-ola rjinge, 
it will turn to the south-west, following the Sailingem range, and 
from the Kuitun mountains it will mn westward along the great 
Altai range. On reaching the mountains situated between the 
two Kalguty rivers (Kaliutu in Chinese), which flow north of 
Tzaisan-nor lake, the frontier will turn to the south-west, and 
following along the above mountains will extend to Tchakilmes 
mountain, on the north shore of Tzaisan-nor mountains. From 
hence, making a turn to the south-east, the frontier is to extend 
along the shore of Tzaisan-nor lake, and along the Black-Irtysli 
river to Manitu-gatul Khan picket. 

Along this whole extent the watershed is to be adopted as the 
basis for defining the frontier between the two Empires, in such a 
mamier that all the country along which rivers flow to the eastward 
and southwai-d is to be apportioned to China, and all the country 
through which rivers flow to the west and north shall be allotted to 
Russia. 

AETICLE 11. 

From the picket of Manitu-gatul Khan, in a south-easterly 
direction, the line of frontier is to abut on the Sauii mountains 
(Sairi-ola in Chinese) ; beyond this it will first trend to the south- 
west, and then west along the Tarbagatai range. On reaching the 
Khabar-asu pass (Hamar-dabakhan in Chinese) it will turn to the 
south-west and proceeding along the picket road, the frontier will 
extend along the pickets Kumurclii, Karabulak, Boktu, Veitan-tszi 
(Kok-tuma in Eussian), Manitu, Sara-bulak, Chelan-togoi, Ergetii, 
Barluk, Modo-barluk. From hence the frontier is to extend along 
the valley between the Barluk and Alatau ranges, and beyond, 
between the Aruzindalan and Kabtagai pickets, the line is to be 
drawn along the most elevated point of this valley, abuttlRg cSn' 
the eastern extremity of the Altan-Tebshi mountains. The water- 
shed is to be taken as a basis for the line of demarcation between 
the two Empires along this whole extent of country, and in such a 
manner that all country along which watera flowing eastward and 
southward is to be assigned to China, and all country with waters 
flowing westwaixl is to be allotted to Itussia. 

S3U 



No. 56.] CHI^A AND RUSSJA. [®^~| 1864. 

[Boundaries.] 

AETICLE III. 

From the western extremity of the Altaii-Tebshi mountains 
the frontier is to run westward along the great range of mountains 
known under the general name of the Alatai\ range, namely, along 
the summits of the Altan-Tebshi, So-Daba, Kuke-t<^m, Khan- 
Karchagai, and others. Along this extent all the country through 
which rivers flow northward is to become Eussian territory, and 
all the country having rivers flowing soul hward is to be allotted to 
Cliina. 

On reaching the Kongor-obo mountains, which serve as the 
watershed of the rivers Sarbaktu flowing eastwards the Kok-su 
(the Kuk^-olom of the Chinese) flowing westward, and the Kuitun 
(the Ussek of the Russians) flowing southward, the boundary is to 
deflect to the south. 

Along this extent all the country through which rivers such as 
the Kok-su and others flow to the westward is to be assigned to 
Russia, and all the country along which rivers such as the Sarbaktu 
and others flow to the eastward is to become Chinese territory. 

From hence, proceeding along the summits of the Koitas moun- 
tains, situated west of the Kuitun river, and reaching the point at 
which the river Turgen flowing southward issues out of the moun- 
tains, the boundary is to extend along the Turgen river and through 
the Horohudzii*, Kuitun, Tsitsikhan, Horgos pickets, and be carried 
to the lli-buraitsikin picket. Here, crossing the Hi river, the line 
of boundary is to run southward to the Tchun-tszi picket ; from 
thence, turning to the south-east, the boundary shall be extended 
to the soui'ce of the Temurlik river. Thence deflecting to the 
eastward, the line of frontier shall proceed along the summits of 
the Tenmrlik range, otherwise known under the name of the Nan- 
Shan i-ange, and skirting the camphig-gix)unds of the Khirghizes 
and Buruts (Dikkokamenni Khirghizes), the boundaiy shall turn 
in a south-westerly direction at the suurce of the Kegen river (the 
Gegen of the Chinese). 

Along this extent all the country through which river's run 
westward of the Kegen and other rivers shall belong to Russia, 
while all the country through which run rivers east of Undu-bulak 
and other rivers shall be allotted te China. 

Further, proceeding to the south-west, the boundary shall run 
along the summits of the Karatau mountains, and reaching the 
Birin-bash mountains (Bir-basha of the Chinese), the line of frontier 
shall extend along the River Daratu, flowing southwards towards 
the Tekes river. The boundary, after crossing the Tekes river, shall 
extend along the Naryn-Nalga river and rlien abut on the Tian- 
Shan range. From hence, proceeding in a south-westerly direction, 
the frontier shall run along the summits of the Khan-Tengere, 
Savabtsi, Kukustluk (Gunguluk of the Chinese), Kakshal (Kakshan 
of the Chinese), and other mountains, situated to the southward of 
Temurtunor lake, and known un ier the general name of the Tian- 
Shan range, separating Turkestan from the camping-grounds of the 

331 



'^T;^* IsiU rlllNA ANh KISSIA. 'llo.5$. 

.BoiuidAii««.] 

Hurut>: and iIm' iNnuKiiirv hIuU] tlitMi abut on the Tsun-lin runut* 
wliii'h rxtiMids alnn^' the Kf^kandian t'n»ntier. 



AKTKM.K IV. 

A I I M lint-) iM«urrini; alon^ ri«l'/i*N nt' niMiiii tains, hiive riverH, 
and |Nnnaiienl pirkct siation^^. which aft4M- the present Uuindiin 
delimitation shall have lieeonit* Kiissian territory, and which an* 
cnnHtMjneiitly *iitiiat«'d on iht* side i»r the houiidarv line, there for- 
nirrly rxi-tted Chinese pickets, as in tlie Ulusutui and KoUlu dw- 
tri«'ts, itn the nurtlifrn sidi* ot the ;^'nMt Altiti and <»tlier run^es ; 
rkek and i»th«'r pickets in the TarUi^nitai district tin tho iiorthem 
Hide uf th«' Tarliii;;:itai ntn^e : Olon-hulak and other picketA. an 
the northern sidr uf the Ahitan ran^^i* : Arn-TMndallan ami otiier 
pickets in the Mi district: Konur-Olen (K(»n^orn-olon of the 
('liint**^*) and otli**i pickets. I'ntil the Uiundary marks sliall have 
U'en iihiC4*il. tht' ( 'hini'A«> anthtirities ma v. im formerly, nend tlietr 
Hihiifrs ti» thi"H«' |Miints for fnintii-r servien. With the arrival next 
vtMi tif tlu- < *<»mniissif»neri fn»ni liotli siden for placing the iMmndarj 
marks, tht* alN>y**.nientit>mti pick«*lt« nin<it U* ivmoveti to the 
(7hines<* nide of the Uiuinlarv in the ronive (if one moniii, ciMintilig 
from tlie time of plarin*! tlie U»uniiarv mark at tliat {mint fmm 
whieh tlie pirket nniHt he withdrawn. 

AHTK LK V. 

The pntwMit dtditnitation ot the iMinndary han Ut*n under- 
tak«'ii with a vi«*w of consolidating' |»ennaiiently friendly relations 
ltetwe<*n the two Knipiri-> : ronMipiently.in onler to avoid disputes 
rei<|ii*<'tin;.: the inliahitant> of tli** roiit**rmintius /one, it is hi*rebv 
dctemiiniil to inlopt a^ .i Ki^i^ thi* day ot «'\chaii;{i*of this IVotiMVi], 
I'.r. ulificxtT Micji inliahitanls may U* h^'at^^i iit that time, then* 
they aiv |H*iU'eahly toahide and to n'tnain in fiijovment iif th«* iiiean«i 
of (existence it^-^i^iiitil to ihrm. and to whichever Kmpin* the minpin^- 
^n»undsof thest* inliahitants may have |»asA«-<l. to Huch Empire Miall 
such inhahit«int> anil tlicit land U'li>n'^. and hy *tiicli Kmpin* shall 
tla-v U' i»o\»Mnfi|. And if. aft»-r tlii** aiiv ^A tlii*m shall n*im>ve 
fn-m then pH'viiMi- pl.u #• ^'f r«*sid»'iu«' and i"n«n the hunler, such 
{icople sh.dl U- siMit kii-k. and thu*» all i-onfu.^iiiii aiii I uncertainty oil 
th<* iMiuntlary ti'rmiiiated 

AKTKLK VI 

Oil llif i-xpiratioii of LMO days after the i-xchaii^ri* of this 
Troll Ki .1 n'H|M'ctin:^ tie- U.nndar\ ni»w drtin***! tlie ri>mnuwi«ineri 
of lioth oidfs shall fiir till- puqH*si- nt placiiik' th*- Uiundar) marks 
me«'t at ap|M>inti<I pLo t*^. vi/. from th*- l!iis>iaii Mde the <*oinuiA- 
spiint^ -iliall ;LSfH'mM«' at a |>l.ii i- '*ituat«-i| lit'twif-ii Aru-t'*iiidallan 
. ii'l K.i]»ta.:ai liKalilif* a?.-! !.• !■ 'Lv!'!*- ]iiti' t\\i' ]i.irtii*>. tiiie «if 
whii h. tiH^'i'tiit-r with the t ••mnu'vfioner^ fi>*ni tin- 111 diiariet, shall. 

• ••>« 



Mo. 55.] CHINA AND IirsslA. [S^^ nj^l. 

[Boaadartos.] 

for the j)ur{K)8t* «»f placing the boundan* iiiarkn, iini-jewl to the 
«outh-weHt uloiij^ the line of fmutier now fixed, and place such 
marks. The other i>arty, together with the Commissioners from 
the Tarbaj^tai district, shall proceed to the north-east, along the 
line of boundary now determined, and place tlie boundar}' marks. 

To the Manitu-CTatulkhan picket shall proceed the Couimis* 
sioner from the Kolnlo district for the pur})ose i»f placing the 
lH)!n)dary marks, and he slmll, conjointly with the Kussians, plac4* 
such marks along the iKUuidary line now tixeil ; to the Sogok picket 
shall ])roceed the Conmiissioner empowere<l by the Ulusutai district 
to place the lM)undary marks, and he shall conjointly with the 
Russians, place such boundary marks along the line of frontier as 
far as the Shabin-dabaha picket 

For placing the marks the following rule shall be oliserved : 
where the boundary runs along high mountains, the summits of the 
mountains are there to lie taken tis the boundarj' line ; and where 
it runs along large rivers, there the banks of the rivers are to 
ser\*e as the line of frontier ; at places where the boundary runs 
across mountains and rivers, new fK)undary marks are to be place<l 
at all such plwes In general, ahmg the whole frontier the direc- 
titm of tlie course of waters is to l>e taken into consideration when 
placing the boundary marks, and these marks are to l>e erected 
acc(»nling to the nature of the locality. If, for instance, there is 
no ]>a3s throui>h the mountains and consequently the placing of 
lioundary marks would at such |)oints lie attended with difficulty, 
then the range of mountains and the course of flowing waters must 
be Uiken as the Itasis for the Ixmndary line. In placing the marks 
in a valley, 30 fathoms (20 ( 'hinese fathoms) must Ik* left as in- 
tennediate ground. 

All pn)ducta of mountains and rivers to the left of the erected 
boundar}' marks shall belong to China, and all products of moun- 
tains and rivers on the right side of the boundary marks shall 
l»elong to Russia. 

ARTICLE VII. 

At\er the boundary marks shall have l)een place<i the Commis- 
sioners appointed by both sides for the erection of such marks must, 
in the ff)llowing year draw up a memorandum of the uuniber of 
lN)undary marks eiiected by them, and specify the names of the 
localities where the marks have been placed by them, and they 
shall exchange such memoranda. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

After the boundar}' marks shall have lieen erected by them 
along the whole line of frontier now determined between the two 
Empire-', should it anywhere appear that the source of a river 
is situated within Chinese territ^iry, and its course run within 
the c(»ntines of the Russian Empirtf, in such case the (*hinose 

3a:i 



**«:^^^*^J CHINA AND UUS81A. [Mo. ftS. 

[Boundaries.] 

Empire must not alter the former bed of the river nor dam its 
ct)ur8e ; and so conversely, should the source of the river be 
situated in Russian territory, aiul its course run within Chinese 
limits, the Russian Empire nmst not alter its former bed or dam 
its course. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Hitherto the Amban rulers of Urga have alone been in commu- 
nication with the Governor of Kiakhta on public matters, and the 
Tzian-Tziun of Hi and the Hobei-Amban of Tarbagatai have 
similarly had relations with the Governor-General of Western 
Siberia. Now, with the establishment of the present frontier, 
should any matter arise within the IJlusutai and Kobdo districts 
necessitating mutual relations, the Tzian-Tziun of Ulusutai and the 
Hobei-Amban of Kobdo shall in such case enter into communica- 
tion with the G(»vernor of the Province of Tomsk and with the 
Governor of the Semipalatinsk region. The correspondence between 
them may be conducted either in the Manchurian or Mongolian 
tongue. 

ARTICLE X. 

Prior to this, some inhabitants of Tarbagatai had established 
farms and ploughed up land in five places in the Tarbagatai district, 
west of Baktu picket, on the river Siao-Shui, and had paid rent 
for the same to tlie Government With the establishment of the 
present boundary tlie above localities have become Russian terri- 
tory ; the inmiediate removal of the above-mentioned agriculturists 
would, however, be attended with hardship to them. A period, 
therefore, of ten years shall be allowed them, counting from the 
time of erection of the boundary marks, and during this term they 
shall be gradually tmnsf erred to the interior parts of China. 

In this manner the Commissioners imperially appointed on both 
sides for the delimitation of the boundary have at their present 
meeting determined by mutual accord the boundary line, have 
prepared in quadruplicate a map of the whole frontier as now fixed, 
and inscribed on this map in the Russian and Manchjurian 
languages the names of the places situated on the boundary, and 
have affixed their seals and signatures to such maps. They have 
likewise drawn up this protocol in the Russian and Manchjurian 
languages, and having prepared foui* copies in each language, they, 
the Boundary Delimitation Commissioners of both sides, have 
attested these documents by affixing their seals and signatures 
thereto. 

When nmtually exchanging these documents the Commissioners 
(jf both Empires shall retain a copy of the map and a copy of the 
Protocol for their guidance ; the remaining two copies of the map, 
and two copies of the protocol, the Commissioners of l)oth 
Empires shall present to their respective Ministries of Foreign 

334 



No. 66.] CHINA AND KU88IA. [April •;, 18Cf> 

[(hrerUuid Tntde.] 

Afluirs for onilHMlimeiit in the Treaty of IVkin ami in suppleiiuMit 
thrri'to. 

For this purp(Kse they have made a mutual exchange of this 
Pmtocol on the 'Jfith day of St*j)leml)er, in tl»e year of iJur Jyml 
1S()4; of the Daitsin Empire, in the reign of Joninga-Dasan, the 
tliird year, ninth nuHm, seventli day. 

(LS.) ZAKHAKOFF, Cotn?nUvonrr, CoriRvU 
denrrat in Kiihlja^ atifi Statt^ Councilior, 

(LS.) IVAN HA15K0FF, Comm{s.v'on^r, Ifmd 
Quartermaster of the Detnehed Siberian 
Army Corjt,^, awl CUond of the Staff, 

On the original Manchjur copy arc the following signa- 
t u It -8 : — 

MIN-I,M^ Tzinn-Tziun. 
S I L I X , the lhtl)e i- A m }ta n. 
BOLCiOSU, the Mei/en and Amlmv, 

Cinnmisftimiers of the Daitsin Umpire for flu Delimitation of 
the North' Western Boundary. 



(No. 56.) REVISED CONVEX TIOX for the I^nd Trade 
hetireen liusida and China, agreed upon at J^eking, April ^^ 
ISmD. Signed in the Jiusi^ian and Chinese Languages, at Peking 
April }f. JSG9.* 

ImjH/rt Trade, 

Akt. I. No duties shall l)e levied upon trade on the frontier of 
the two countries within the limit of a hundred li (oO miles). 

It nhall he at the option (»f either (iovernment to adopt 
njeasures of HujK^rvision in accordance with its own frontier 
leiiulalions. 

Akt. 1 1. liussian merchants shall be at liberty to proceed to all 
parts of Mon«:c>lia subject to China in which (Chinese) officers aro 
statiiined, a.s also to all the trilK\s under the (Government of the said 
*.!!:cri'<. for purjKwes of trade, and shall likewise l>e exempt from 
tin* kvy of duty. China will throw no imiKMliment whatever in 
lh»- way of Kufsinn merchants wishing to j)r«>ceed for purjM)ses of 
tradi* to parts of Mongolia where no Chines*? otticers are staticmed, 
btit >uch merchants must l»e provichMl with ceilificates issued by 
the fmutiir authorities of their own (iovernment, such certificates 
to U* stam|MMl in Russian, Chinese and Mtmgolian characteis, 
s|H»<*itying llie name of the lM»arer, (he ilescription of his mer- 
fltandise and its jmcVnges, and the numlKir of c^imels, oxen and 
horses he Uikrs with him. This certificate is to U* presented for 
iiis|M*ction nt the first Chinese fnuitier-post arrived at, where it 
hliall be ulte.^teil either by stamping or by signature. 

* Timii«Ut«d from the Chin«e. 

;i5;i z 



-Ap.il ;;. isiw.] CHINA ANh urssiA. [Ho. 56. 

[^Overland Trade.] 

Ill thf rvi'iit «>f |<i'i^i>ii> I'li*!!^' fitiiiid williiiiil siii'li )ia«i>)»ort, 

tli»ii liifU'li.milis*' >liiill I iiti-. .ii««l, :uiil tln-v >li;ill Ihi'iiiM'lvfS 

1m> iIimIi Willi ill i'MiiiMiiiiirv wiiii tl.i* |iii>w^i«iij nf Arti«*If X nf 
ll.f 'riiiilN u| IVkiiiu' ifltUii;: ti» till- a|i]»ri-lifn>iiiii Mild rt*tuni <if 
I'flu'^irs. Tlir roiiHiil< will fXrr.i**!' a <tiiri ski|M'r\i**i«'ii to |in»VL*nt 
ItMN^iaii :>uliji-< t.-^ uii{>ri>\ :•!' >l wiili |)'ss{Hiris lituii puiceudiu^ [into 

( i:ilM*M' lriiH«'i \ ] !•• liailr. 

Alt. III. Ilu — i.iii niiniiaiits traii«»iMiiiiii«j Kiissian iiPMrliandi/e 
tn '1*1111 l-in iiiii>t l.f j'iiviili«l uitli r»iliti«alis st.iiii]M'i| liy lint 
liiiv^i III tioiitiir illi<ii<< i'.iiil < 'liiiii>(* li*'.^ii{('iit at Kiariita. siU'li 
I", it:..' .il»"^ l«» >j-.iil\ III li;;-^i 111 and i "iiiiii'^i- tin* iiaiiu* of ihr said 
iii'ii-li.iiit and lii^o .itt< :i !.t. t-^. tii*- ilt^i i i)>tt<>ii irf IiJh carjn and 
immlH'- nf |'.nk:j_:f'». < '.ii.i\.ii.'« •■! ll;:-* « Ia<- -1 all Im* {H-unilt-*d to 
tiMM-l nidy i.y w.i\ nf K'l-.-.i!!. Tuiij I'a .iii«l r'liii'j <'lii»w dilrrt to 
'I ii'i-t-iii. Tin- * l.iiu -• • lii' i 'U .it .ill rn-tiiii;>' siati»»iis **u the 
li;i« nf iia\4'l >}i.dl }••• ;i M i.<»t i/- d tn i.tkr ii"tf nf iht* iiuniiN'r i»f 
p i« K.i-i-i and ti» »\:iiu:; I" tli-ir •"iitiiil'i witii-'iit diday, :iii«l to 
i\aiuii;i* tih- ti.i!i<-:t ri'it.:ii-.«i>' iti 1 .•'li\ liitir -tamp tn llit' s.iiui*, 

Vl.'H: llij iM^^rJ*' lln-Ii U|'"Ii. It tin* | .uka;^f"i al" u|»i*in*«l fnr in- 

hjH- ?i ,., ,,♦ th'ir «niit.i;;^ .i: iiiiv t'r.*!i.iii^' -'.i: i..n, iii,.y >li.dl, nn 

I'-liil I''l"ii nf tin- ^fal' li. !■•• I»pi.k«-i ajaili niiili-r M-al \*\ the 
< 'u^;n:ii^. an 1 a n>it( ^ii.ill i"* ina :•* "ii tiif < ••ilitK.ttf >t«ktinu' the 
iiMni'«r nf |.a< kai:* -i M|.. In- i. 'Iljf in-'j'n liiiii in U- niailr hy the 
(*ij'*tnm»i •ijiall lint «Mi ';|,y a l"ii^. r tpin- tli.iu twn linur^i. The 
(-i-ititi>'at*t .sImII )'(* -^iiM' n*!' ]• d ai:«! i'.tn'«Il>i! at the ('n>tnnis Jit 
Tit-n t'-in wiihin six ini':!!:!-- f!:"ni tlif l.itr nl i^^in-'. 

If .my r.it:fi. .iN' l"- !■ -t. tlf I"-.»rri ^Ij.iII ni.iki* npat f'»rth- 
willi !<• til ■ Ji'illiniity l.\ V. !i -iii tip' d«Hun;»nl wa-» i->n«'d. sjM-rify- 
in.: tlif «l.Lt«- .iiid iiiihi:>*-r '*l llt>- iiii^^in.: • « rt:ti .il«'. A •lii|dit*ate 
."^liall iii|'>-U)>nn U* i>-i;f- i In i!|.' .i|*;l:iaut witiin'.it tltd.iy, ll]Mi|| 

wlih it '\i»' wnhU " Siiii^.; J'!.".'- ' -'.j.;K i«- • n l«»i>»d. aii<l r<"|»nit -^liiill 
at tin- ^.inu* l:n;f Ki* tua-ii- .n :• •■ i.i-.i» -t <*i:-!»'iii llniiM', wlii-n*. i»n 
in^]>i> i;>-n [of t!if Hi* i< '.. c- '.:. • J ..ni «n tindmj ti;i' <«anii* In U* 

I -ll- t.a i»:iij>'Ml\ 1' ■" '. I ! 1- ■ I--Hfd. •■lu'ldni:; tin* h»-.tr«T to 

) i<> • « 1. in ••id* 1 I '. ..:d 'iv. It t)i«' r«-]H>it and appliiMtinn 

Inr till- j. 1-- 1 .- m.id- ..- K .Ij i: . -• ni!*\ 1. dl «h- L'i\«'n **}\ tin- part 
I-: li.'- -t; pi :• t!.* \\ t:i«- i^><•: ill !;>•:> :i.iii:-> .it that plarr, U'|i»ie 

li.i- I .-«' > :- ■:;-d, 

ll <':i . m:\ il .i! 1 :■ :i-'.-.!. li.' •! - i :!'!:':i ••! ij.i-ii V.tiidi/** i.r the 

■ 

n ;i. • : '■: p.*. ^a,- ^ ^ :■■ :..•! i. ■? !• :.:•'• w:tii tl.*- >id -t;i «!»•• fnf 

t". ' .i: .. ::..il • • !! I. .i!- t • • !. .1! ' • •:• tit w :l)t in « •■lnt"lliiitV 

w I i. Ar; .■ '•■ V 1 1 tl: :::.. » ■::;. 1 '•::».• !.• !d i«-j "ii-illf, and 
l!.. !.-• ■ . It::.' i'*- -Im!! ' ■ • tin- !; .li ..n i \';d. 

Ai : IV. I» ;— ; iM tj;» !■ 1. 1:.:- t; .; p ! " • l! t:.- 1» ;. i:.-!/*- fmni 
K: . !.!<.-:. »!1 :• ..;:!. ■■::/• 1 "ii ::.- i p.— ._:■ :l.i'i.^;. K.djaii ii> 
d< J ■-• .'• l!. '.'. I • ^' ' I p' I'i-n *•' ':• !.■• ! i..iiid:/i !• -mi! t i Tn-n- 
t*.:i :•• l« > id -n 'i.«- *) • ' li* p'-it i.i'.< U- lij.i.l.- Wir;.;u thn-C 
d.i\ - t' ! ':.•• >;.: . i:!.'- Si !• :.! -f i -' :.. - .^^ !■■• v. :d i- -i- .i |4-iniil 
a ? i;ii_l\ M' : ■...:■..•!••"«•-••;;•■:.■.: K il. n -i.-dl piy duly 
I- l«'i' ;l > p' :n..:'.' d 'n - - 1: I* *. ul i.- t it ii« n -viiy, li«»wi«viTp 



No. 56.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. C^'il if 18C9 

[Overland Trade.] 

to appoint a Consul or to establish mercantile firms [lit, hongs and 
store houses] at the said place. 

Art. V. Eussian merchants transporting Russian merchandize 
shall on their arrival at Tien-tsin pay import duty at the rate of 
one-third less than that specified in the general foreign tariff. This 
shall be paid at Tien-tsin. Merchandize left at Kalgan shall pay 
import duty at the place according to the general foreign tariff. 

Akt. VI. Any Russian merchandize which shall have been left 
behind at Kalgan, and having paid duty at that place, and having 
received the duty certificate may, if not disposed of, be transported 
by the merchant to T'ung Chow or Tien-tsin for sale, and shall pay 
no further duty. The Russian merchant shall also in such case 
hiive refunded to him the extra one-third duty paid at Kalgan. A 
certificate to this effect shall be issued to him from the Customs 
at that place. 

Art. VII. If it be found on the arrival of Russian merchandize, 
brought by a Russian merchant to Tien-tsin, that any of the goods, 
beside those reported for stoppage at Kalgan, have been disturbed 
or exchanged, or if the amount of merchandize to be left at Kalgan 
be found incorrect, the whole of the mei-chandize belonging to the 
person guilty of the breach of regulations shall be confiscated. 

In the event of any actual damage accruing on the journey to 
the bales or boxes containing merchandize, rendering fresh packing 
nec«?ssary, report of the same shall be made at the first Custom- 
House reached after the repacking has taken place, when, if the 
description of merchandize be found correct, an endorsement to that 
effect shall be made upon the certificate, and the bearer shall 
thereupon be exempt from tlie infliction of a penalty. 

If any person repairs to other places apart from the direct 
route, travelling by a road other than that specified in Article III, 
and disposes of his merchandize in an irregular manner, on the 
identity of a person guilty of a breach of the regulations being 
ascertained, the whole of his merchandize shall be confiscated. In 
cases where the offender has merely diverged from the direct route 
and has not trafficked in merchandize, he shall be punished by the 
levy of the amount of the full duty on the goods. 

Where merchandize shall have become subject to confiscation, 
if the owner be willing to compound by payment of its value, 
arrangement must be made by consultation with the Chinese 
authorities, and it shall be allowable to pay over to the authorities 
such sum as may be justly estimated as the value of the goods. 

Art. VIII. Russian merchants transporting Russian merchan- 
dize by sea from Tien-tsin to any of the other ports, shall make good 
at Tien-tsin the one- third tariff* duty, remission of which they have 
previously been granted, and shall pay no further duty on amval 
at another port. Any merchandize carried into the interior from 
Tien-tsin or any other port shall pay an additional outport duty in 
conformity with the general foreign tariff' {i.e., one-half of the 
tariff' duty). 

337 z 2 



April iJ, 1869] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 66. 

[Overland Trade.] 

Export Trade. 

Art. IX. Eussian merchants purchasing Chinese merchandize 
at any of the Treaty ports and exporting or importing the same, as 
also on importation or exportation, by the sea-route, of foreign 
goods brought from Russia, shall submit to the general regulations 
in force witli reference to foreign trade. 

Art. X. Ilussian merchants transporting Chinese merchandize 
from any of tlie pons by way of Tien-tsin en route to liussia, and not 
retaining the same for sale at Tien-tsin, if provided with documents 
certifying that the full duty has been paid elsewliere, shall be 
liable to no further levy at Tien-tsin. The Russian Consul at that 
port will issue a certificate in Russian and Chinese to be stamped 
by tlie Customs at Tien-tsin setting foith the bearer's name, the 
description of merchandize and the number of packages, which 
shall enable the goods to be transported to Kiachta, without 
further levy of duty. The merchants shall be required to follow 
tlie route laid down in Article 111, and the disposal of merchandize 
^/^ travsitii shall be prohibited. Any infraction of these provisions 
shall be dealt with in conformity with Article VII. 

The merchandize shall be subject to examination on its passage 
through T'ung Chow, Tung-])a, and Kalgan, as provided in Arti- 
cle III. The transit pass shall be surrendered at Kiachta within 
six months of the date of issue ; or, if any delay interposes, report 
must be made within the stipulated period to the Consul and the 
local authorities. A penalty shall be inflicted in case of violation 
of this rule. In the event of loss of the transit certificate by the 
holder, measures shall be taken as provided in Article III. 

Art. XI. Russian merchants purchasing at Tien-tsin, T^ung 
Chow, or elsewhere, Chinese merchandize brought from the interior, 
and intending to transpoi't the same to Russian territoiy by the 
land route prescribed in Article III, shall pay the full duty as laid 
down in the general foreign tarift", receiving a certificate for the 
same, after which no further levy of duty shall be incurred. Such 
merchandize must not be disposed of en route. 

Art. XII. Russian merchants purchasing at Tien-tsin Chinese 
re- imports to be conveyed overland to Russian territoiy, shall pay 
no further duty if the merchandize in quCvStion has already paid 
the full duty at the original port (of shipment), and is removed 
from Tien-tsin within the peiiod of one year for conveyance to 
Russia in full compliance with all the existing regulations under 
this head. The half-duty paid on re- importation and storage at 
Tien-isin shall further be refunded by means of a drawback certifi- 
cate. Such merchandize shall not be disposed of en route. Transit 
certificates shall be issued in such cases, and all other steps be 
taken aa is provided in Article X. 

[Note. — On any change being agreed upon hereafter between Cliina and other 
Powers respecting the levy of duty on re-imports at Tien-tsin, Kussia wiU adopt the 
same alteration.] 

Art. XIII. Russian merchants purchasing Chinese produce at 

338 



No. 66.] CHINA AND RUS.SIA. [April ;f, 18C0. 

[OverUuid Trade.] 

T*uni» Chow for ronvoyanoe to Russian territory, shall jxive notice 
in atlvance at Tiiu^-pa ami pay full duty acconliu;^' to ilie j^eneral 
forei*;!! tariir. On rerefrpt (»f the duty at Tun;:-p:i. a ceriitieate shall 
he issuetl sj)ecifyinj» the description of in<Tchandize and nuiuU^r of 
jMicka^es. Such nierchaiulize shall not he disposetl tif rn rottte. 

Akt. XIV. liussian merchants ])urchasin^ Chinese juxxhice at 
Kal«;an for conveyance to Uu<sian territory sliall pay exj)ort duty 
thrnailMMi at the rate of the oJitport or e uist-trade iluty (i>., half 
the full d;ity) in the ^'enend !orei;^'n tarill. On this hein^; paid at 
Kal«;an, a certiticate shall W issufcl hy th^ Customs there, and no 
furlht-r levy shall thereafter he made. Such merchandize shall not 
Ik? disposcii of r?! roiflc. 

Akt. XV. Russian merchants purchasinj^ either at Tien-t-^in or 
at other iK)rt8, foreign merchandize coniinj^ fnun <»ther countri<ia 
lor convt^yance overland to Russian territory, shall not Iw suhjeet 
to furthiM* levy of duty if the foreign imjKjrter has already pi:id the 
tariff duty and half-duty, and h<dds a duty receipt in testimony 
thereof. If only the import duty luis heen paid, and not the 
coast-tratle duty, the Russian ])URdia.ser shall make good the half- 
duty hy payment at the Custom House in accordance with tiie 
general fori'i'^n tariff. 

Akt. XVi. Russiin merchants conveying merchandize to Rus- 
sian territorv hv wav of Tien-tsin, T'uni' Chow and Kalj^m, must 
have their goi^nJs aecompanied hy the Customs' permit for puq>o>*<*s of 
examination. All maltei-s relating to the i)eri<Hl specified for the 
surrender of the transit certifieale and proceedings in case of the 
loss of tliis document shall be conducted in conformity with 
Article X. 

General Proi'isiom, 

AUT. XVII. Tlic provisions contained in tlie second article of 
n^ulatiniis for tnide apj»«Midtnl to the foreign tariff shall he equally 
applied to the i>verlaml trade on the part of Russian mc*reliant<$. 

Akt. XV 11 1. In the evi'ut of Russian merchants Unn*' guilty 
of arts of smug;.;ling or (►f the carriage of proidhited articles such 
art are .**|K»cified in Articles III and V i»f the (General Tariff Regu- 
lar i«uis, the merchandise in cjuestion shall likewise be confiseatinl. 
Merchants carrying weaiwms for tlieir own defence shall make rei^irt 
of the siime to their own authorities, whereuj)on an entry will lie 
made ujH.n ihe transit certificate. 

One military wea|)on will U* allowwl t<> each penwin. 

Akt. XiX. Foreign or (*ldnesi» merehundizu of any description 
nt>l enumt-Mted in the genend f<»reign tariff, shall l»e dealt witfi in 
at riinlan<-e with the Russian ^upidemenUiry Rulea agreed u^Km 
at rien-l>in. 

(i.Mids unenumerated in l»otli the Supplenientarj' Rules and the 
gi ni ral taiitf shall jMiy chuy at the nite of 5 jht cent, ad vah)rem, 
in conformitv with the rules applit-^hle to (»ther nati<»nalities, 

Aki. XX. Ru.^si-in merchants shall not lentl their protection 



Peb. il, 1881.J CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 57. 

[Ili. Boundary. Frontier Trade, &o.] 

to Chinese mereliaiits for the conveyance of goods from one port 
to the other. 

Art. XXI. The Chinese authorities shall be at liberty in con- 
formity with the general rule applicable to all other powers to 
devise and carry into effect from time to time all such mciisures as 
may be necessary for the stringent prevention of smuggling. 

Art. XXII. The regulations now agreed upon shall continue in 
force for the period of five years, on the expiry of which i>eriotl. if 
either the Russian or Chinese Govennnent be desirous of a revision, 
six months* notice previous to the expiry of the said period shall « e 
given. If no notice be given by the time the period has expired, 
the present Regulations shall continue in force for a furtlier pc»riod 
of five years, after which time their revision shall be c^mductel 
during the period of six months [antecedent to their expiryj. Any 
points of importance or presenting objectionable features, Rliall 
forthwith be taken jointly into consideration and made subject to 
alteration before the expiry of the period assigned above. 

The above Articles having been agreed to, and signed by th« 
High Commissioners of the two coutnicting Powers, and stamped 
with their respective seals, shall be notified to all concerned for 
general observance. 



(No. 57.) THE AT Y between Russia and Chirm, respect iiig the 
Re-establishm^nt of Chinese Authority in the Country of Hi ; 
Boundary ; Consuls; Commerce; Frontier Trade; &c. — Signed 
at St, Petersburg, February -J-J, 1881.* 

[Ratifications exchanged at St. Petersburg, August -j^, 1881.] 

ARTICLE I. 

Re'establishment of Chinese Authority in Hi. 

Sa Majesty TEmpereur de Toutes Ics Russies consent au 
r^tablissement de Tautorit^ du Gouvernement Chinois dans le 
pays d'lli, temporairement occup^, depuis 1871, par les armdes 
Russes. 

Russian Occupation of Western part of Jli, 

La Russie reste en possession de la partie occidentale de ce 
pays, dans les limites indiqu(5es k TArticle VII du present Traite. 

ARTICLE IL 
Amnesty, 
Sa Majesty TEmpereur de la Chine s'engage a diScrdter les 

• " State Papers." Vol. 72. Page 1143. 

340 



No. 57.] CHiyA AND RUSSIA. [Feb. 4 f, 1881. 

[m. Boundary. Frontier Trade, fto.] 

nn»siires propros 11 inettre les habitantn du i)ays (rili. a imeltjue 
race et a queliiue reli«;ion qu'ils ajn»ariieniu»nt, a I'aliri tie l^aite 
innirsuitt*, dans luurs bieim (mi dans h*iii*a jM^rsonnos. pour aetrs 
coininis durant ou aprus le8 trouldrH <iui nut eii lieu dans ce 
pays. 

line PrrKdanmtion Cfinfonne a cot en«;aicfnient sera ailressre par 
los autoritrs Cliinoises, au noin de 8a Majesto rKini>ereur de la 
<'liini», a la |M>puIatinn du pays d*Ili,avant la remise de ce pays uux 
dites autoriles. 

AUTICLK III. 

Kight of Inhnhitnnts to remain or to cmigndc. 

l/os lial»itants du pays tl'Ili Sfnai^. liltres de roster sur les lieux 
de leur n'sidence actuelle c*«iniiiie sujets Cliinois, <m d enii^Ter eii 
liussie et adopter la sujrti<»n Kusse. lis seront apjxdes a se pro- 
noneer a ce sujet avant le ivtaMissenient de Tautorite Chinoise dans 
le pays d'lli, et un ih'lai d'un an, a paHir du jour de la remise du 
])ays aux autorites Cliinoises, sera aceorde a eeux qui temuignenuit 
le desir demi^rer en Kiisj^ie. I^»s autoiitvs Chinoises n\)pjMisenint 
aucune entmve ii leur emigration et a I'exportation de leur propri»'t^ 
mobiliere. 

ARTICLE IV. 

liitfht 0/ Russians to retain their lands: Krreptions. 

Ia»s sujets Kusses poRsedant des terrains dans le pays d'lli 
eonserveront leurs dn)its de propriete, meme apres le relablisseinent 
de Tautoiite du (iouvernement ('hinois dans ce pays. 

Cett(» ilis|M)sition n'est pas applicalJe aux haltitant^du paysd'Ili 
(pii adoptrront la sujetion Kusse lors du retahli.ssemeut de ruuturite 
Chinoise dans ce pays. 

Imposts and (Unit rihvt inns ^iayahle hy liifssians. 

Iam sujets lvuss4»s dont les terrains sont situes en dehors des 
enndareuuMits afleetcs aux faet4)i-erirs liussr*^, on vertu de rAiiiele 
XIII du Traite de KouMja de IS,')! (No. 51)* devnmt acciuitter 
les memes imi^its et contributions ([uc les sujets Cliinois. 

AUTICLK V. 
Adw in is( ration 0/ thr Prorinre 0/ Hi, 

L»s dfux (louvernements di'lej»uen»nt a Kouldja des Commis- 
s:iii*e> ipii pri>ccderont a la remise <l*une part, et li la ivpiise de 
Tautre. de I iidmiiiistration de la Trovinee tl'Ili.et qui seront cliar^^es, 
en giuend, de lexccution «les stipulations du present Tniite se rap- 

• 20th JitU. IH&l. 

J41 



Fefv, iJ, 1*jL: Cn^A AND Kr.SwSrA. 1710.57. 

IHL BotLbu&o ^rosiZieT Trade. J^c] 



yfrt^n*, ;in r :ViMi.-iV;r;irrit. LxIl-! c*^ p"'/'', de Tautorite da Gou^'eme- 

I>:- iir.-. T'ornrfiir-^iir^r- reii^i'lir^nt I^ur manvlit ense conformant 
a IVriV-nV; qni Hrni »-:a.i/.i»^. 4 i.int aii u^'-i-r dr remii«i: i:ne |»iri,etr 
(U: r^jpri-;^ <^!»; I'autre, 'k- liidiiiiiiL'siniii'jn du pays d'll, »fntre le 
(}onv(:ntf'j}T'( W:n^:rA\ dn Turkestan ec le (ioavemear-Gr-nvral di.'S 
Provincfcij dn Chan-'i et du Kan -s^ju, charjres par les deux Gouve^l<^- 
inentfi de 1a liaute directi»»n d*^ c»::tte affiiire. 

I A fcju'iHe de Tadnj in i miration du pays d'lli doit etre tenniuce 
dan.s ufi df?lai de iroi.s rnois, on plus tot si faire se peut, a » later Aa 
jour de rarrivi'e ii Tashkend du tV»nclionnaire qui sera deles^ie par 
le Gouvemeur-Geiieral du ^'lian-si et du Kan-sou aupri-s du Gou- 
venieur-G/rn^ral du Turke.stan, |»our lui notitier la ratitication et 
la jiroinulgation du present Tnute par Sa Majeste rEmpereur de la 
Cliinc. 

ARTICLE VI.* 
Indemnity payable by China for Russian occupation of UL 

Le Gouvemeinent de Sa Majesty TEmpereur de la Chine payera 
au Gouverneruent Kussci la soninie de 9,000,000 de roubles metal- 
licjues, deslinc^e a couvrir les frais occasionn^s par Toccupation da 
payH d'lli par les troupes Kusses depuis 1871, a satisfaire toutes les 
TiiclMniatirms pecuniaires auxquelles ont doimd lieu, jusqu'aujour- 
d'hui, les p(;rtes que les sujets Kusses ont subies dans leurs biens 
pilles sur t(irritfnre Chinois, et i fournir secours aux families des 
8uj(;t« Kusses tuf% dans les attaques armees dont ils ont et^ victimes 
sur tcjrritoire Chinois. 

La sornnie susinentionnde de 9,000,000 de roubles m^tfiUiqiies 
Bcra versde, dans le terme de deux ans k partir du jour de rc»chan*'e 
des nitifications du present Trait(i, suivant Tordre et les conditions 
convenus entre les deux Gouvernements dans le Protocole sp^ial 
annexe au prdsent Traite. 

ARTICLE VIL 

Iiicor2)oration of Western part of Hi with Bvssia, 

La partie occidentale du pays d'lli est incorporee k la Kussie 
j)()ur sevvir de lieu d'etablissement aux habitants de ce pays qui 
aiIoi>ter()nt la sujetion Kusse, et qui, par ce lait, auront dt abandonner 
les lermins qu'ils y possedaient. 

Boundary, Hi, 

La fn)nt 161*0 onlre les possessions de la Russie et la province 
Chinnise d'lli suivra, en partant des montagnes B^djin-Taou, le 
ct>urs de la Kivi(!>re Khorgos, jusqu i I'endroit ou celle-ci se jette 
duns la Riviere Hi, et, travtrsante cette dernifere, se diri^rera au 

• See Protocol. Page 349. 
342 



110.57.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Fob. » J. 1881. 

[m. Boundary. Frontier Trado, fto.] 

8ud. vers les montagnes Ouzontaou, en lai.ssant i Toue^t le village 
de Koldjat. A pariir de cc jx)iiit elle suivni, en se dirij^eaiit au 
Slid, le iuici\ tixe par le rrutoculc sigue i Tchougoutchak en lti64 
(No. 55;.* 

AKTICLK VI 11. 

Une partie de la ligne-fronticre, fixee par le Protocole signe i\ 
Tchouj^raitcluik en ISOi (No. 55) a Test du L\c Zuisun, ayanletu 
trouvee defectueuse, les denx (louvermMnents nonimeront des Coni- 
ndssairos (pii nioditieront, d'un coniinun accord, Tancicn trace, de 
nuiniere ii ecarter les ilefectuosites signalees, et i\ etablir une 
separation etiicjiee entre les tribua Kirghises souinises aux deux 
Kmpin'S. 

11 sera donne au nouveau tnice, en taut que possible, une 
direction internum liaire entre Tancienne frontiere et une ligne 
droite se diri^^eant des Monts Kouitoun vers les Monts Saour, en 
traversant le Tcherny-Irtyeh. 

AIITICLE IX. 
Boundary Commissioners to he apjxpintal. 

Des Cominissaires seront noinnies par les deux Parties Con- 
tractantes pour j)roceder a la ]K)se de pot*^aux de demarcation, tant 
Rur le trace fixe par les Articles pn'cetleists VIl et VIII que sur 
les parties de la fix)ntiere ou il n'a pas encore etc jH)se de iM)teaux. 
L'cjxMjue et le lieu de reunion de ces Connnissaires seront iixis par 
une entente entre les deux (Jouvernenients. 

I>»s deux Gouverneinents noniineront e«^mlement des Connnis- 
siiires pour examiner la fi*ontien» et jxiur poser des poteaux do 
di'manaiion entre la province Kusse de Fei-ganah et la partie 
«K'4 idenlale de la province Cliinoise de Kachgar. Ce? Commissaireu 
prendront jMjur base de leurs travaux la frontiere existaute. 

ARTICLE X. 
ApiHfintmrni of ConsiiU at Towns in Hi; Sou-Tcheou, Tour/an^ d'c. 

Ia: droit riKionnu au (Jouvenienient Rus8e par les Traites do 
nommer des Consuls & Hi, a TarbagaUii, a Kacli<fjir, et 4 Ourga est 
etendu, des a pn»sent, aux villes de Sou-Tcheou (Tsia-yu-kouau) et 
de Tourfan. Dans les villes suivants : KoUlo, Ouliassoutai, Khami, 
Ouroumlsi, et (Joutehen, le (touvernement Kusse etablira des Con- 
snluts au fur et a mesure du developjH*ment du commerce, et npivs 
entente avec le CJouvenienicnt Chinois. 

Ia's Consuls de Sou-Tcheou (Tsia-yu-kouan) et de Tourfan 
exenen»nt les fonctious Consulaires dans leb districts voisius, ou les 
interets des hujet^j Ku&ses reclameront leur presence. 

(ll|iX-W««f * 

343 



Feb. if, 1881.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. CNo. 57. 

[m. Boundary. Frontier Trade, &o.] 

Lands for Consulates and Cemeteries in Toums in Hi. 

Les dispositions contemies dans les Articles V et VI du Traits', 
conclu k Pekin en 1860 (No. 54),* et relative k la concession do 
terrains pour les maisons des Consulats, pour les cimeti^res, et pour 
les paturages, s'appliqueront egalement aux villes de Sou-Tcheou 
(Tsia-yu-kouan) et de Tourfan. Les autorites locales aideront les 
Consuls h trouver des habitations provisoires jusqu'au moment ou 
les maisons des Consulats seront coustruites. 



Kussian Consuls in Mongolia. — Postal Service, 

Les Consuls Ilusses en Mongolic et dans les arrondissements 
situds sur les deux versants du Tian-chan se serviront, pour leiii-s 
voyages et pour I'envoi de leur corrcspondance, des institutions 

{)ostales du Gouvernenient, conformunient aux stipulations de 
'Article XT du Traite de Tien-tsin, ^V June, 1858 (No. 53). et 
de r Article XII du Traite de Pekin (No. 54 )t. Les autorites 
Cliinoises, auxquelles ils s'adresseront k ces tins, leur preteront 
aide et assistance. 

Tourfan iwt open to Trade, 

La villc de Tourfan n'^tant pas uije locality ouverte au com- 
merce Stranger, le droit d'y (5tablir ua Consulat ne saurait el re 
invoqud corame prec(5dent pour obtenir un droit analogue par 
rapport aux ports de la Chine, aux proviftces int^rieures, et k la 
Mandchourie. 

ARTICLE XL 

Russian Consuls in China, Intercourse, Correspondence. 

Etiquette. 

Les Consuls Russes en Chine communiqueront, pour affaires de 
service, soit avec des autorites locales de la ville de leur residence, 
soit avec les autoritds superieures de Tarrondissement ou de la 
province, suivaut que les ijit^rets qui leur sont respectivement 
confi^s, Timportance des afliires a traiter, et leur prompte expe- 
dition Texigeront. La correspondance entre eux se fera sous forme 
de lettres ofticielles. Quant aux regies d'etiquette k obsei-ver loi-s 
de leurs entrevues, et, en general, dans leurs relations, elles seront 
basties sur les egards que se doivent r^ciproquement les fonction- 
naires de deux Puissances amies. 

Settlement of Differences. Bussian Considar Jurisdiction, 

Toutes les affaires qui surgiront sur temtoire Chinois, au sujet 
de tmnsactions commerciales ou autres, entre les ressortissants des 

* T^ Norember, 1860. (No. 54,) P"ge 318. 
t i4 Juno, 1858. 

344 



Ho. 67.] OHIVA AXD nrSSiA. [Feb. J J. 1881. 

[Hi. Boundary. Frontier Trado, 4to.] 

deux ittataserontexamiiu'es e.t ruglees, d*un conimun acconl,par lea 
Consuls et les autoriU's Cliinoises. 

l)ai!s le«s liti^^a en nialiere de commerce les deux parties 
IK)urroiit tenuiner leurs ditloreiids a raiiiiahle, au moyen d arbitres 
choisis de jmrt et d'autre. Si r«*ntentc ne aVtablit pas par cette 
voie, raffaire sera examinee et regime par les autorites des deux 
fiuits. 

I^s engagements contmctt^s i>ar ecrit entre sujets Kusses et 
Cliinoi.s relativement i\ di»s comm.indes de niaicliandises, au tmns- 
jMirt de relles-ei, a la liK'ation de bouti^iues, de maisons, et d autres 
emplacements, on relatifs a d'autres transactions du nieme genre, 
jMMivent r»tiv pn'sentcs a la legalisation des Consulats et des Admi- 
nistnitions supcrieures locales (pii sont tenus de It^galiser les docu- 
ments (jiii leur sont prcscntos. En Cixs de n<m-exL^cution des 
engagements contmctcs, les (Nmsuls et les autorites Chinoises 
aviseront aux mesures cajwibles d'assurer Texecution de ces obliga- 
tions, 

ARTICLE XII. 

Iii(/hi of Ihissinn Suhjnts to trade in Chinese ^fonf/olia and in 
Provinces of Hi, free from Payment of Duties. 

Ia's sujeta Russes sont autorises a faii'e, comme par le passe, Ic 
commerce en franchise de dn»its dims la Mongolie soumise a la 
Cliine, Uint dans les localitcs et les aimaks ou il se tnaive uno 
Administration Chinoise tjue dans ceux ou il n Vn existe point. 

Ia»s sujets liusses jouinuit egalemeni de la faculte de faire lo 
commerce en franchise de droits dans les villes et autres localites 
\\vi^ provinces d*Ili, de Tarbagatai, ile Kachgar, d'Uuroumtsi, et 
liutR's, siiucs sur les V(»rsants nonl et sud de la chaine du Tian- 
chan, jus<jua la (Inuide-Muniille. Cette i.nnjunite sera abrogee 
l«»rs«jue k' tlevelopjKjment du coujmerce necessitera rt'tablissement 
dun Tarif l)<»uanier, conformement ii une entente ii survenir entre 
K.s deux <iouvernements. 

I>es sujets liusses jnjurnmt iinjjorter dans les 8US<Utes provinces 
de la Chine, et en exporter, toute esm-ce de produits, de queh[Uo 
junveiiance i\\\'\\f> soient, lis jnairnuit faire des achats et des 
>t*nles, s<iit au comptant, s<»it par voie dVchange ; ils aunuit le 
droit d'ellectuer leurs payements en marchaudiscs de toute es])ece. 

ARTICLE XIIL 

IxitjfU of Russian Subjeets to erret Iluuses, dr,, at Kalgan and in 

othr Toicns, 

Dans les localites ou le (touvemement Russe aura le droit 
(r«'(ablir (b's ('on.sulats, ainsi que dans la ville de Kalgan, les sujeta 
Russes ]H»urront consiruire dt*s maisons, des lx»uti(|ues, des niaga- 
sin^, et tl'autn'S lAtiments sur les terrains <|u'ils acquerront par 
voie d'achat, ou qui leur seront con* ^des par les autoriuis locales. 

345 



JfS. j:, Ibtil] rillNA ANI> IMSSIA. [Ho. 57. 

[lU. Boundary. Frontier Trade, ftc] 

(••iiiforini'iiH'iii ii rv i[iii a •'n- I'taMi jM»nr I'lli i»t li» T:irbjii;:iUii psir 
rAitirl.- XI 11 .In Tr.iif.- .!•• K..nM|a .1,. |s:,l« (No. 51). " 

I^'** |invil''::i s ii« «*i»i'i''i .iu\ Mjjt-is Kuss**s ilaiis In ville <!•? 
K:i i:jiii. iiU 11 ny aura pis il.* ron^ulai. nUHlitiUMil uiit? i'Xcrptioii 
4) 111 ii>' siuniil t'-trt* <'t>'iiiliii' a aUL-uiu* aulru Lnjalitc ded i>ruviiu:i-.s 
iiilcrii'Uiv>. 

AKTirLK XIV. 

ti ,.'f /ill'// - /'/''"»/. 
Ijt^-i iii'j.H-i.uit-i liu--«'^ «jui V'tuili'-nl t-xiM- litT «lt' IJussii-, par 

Vi»i<' ill* ti'llr, iir> ll..llf!i.i?i'il-i"; iL.ll^ 1«-, |i|'»\ iili'f ^ illU'-lifUM"* ill* l.i 

i'liiiii' ji'tijir-Mit. i«'!iiiui' autni". ii-«. \, ^ •liiiji-r. jur Ifs villus ilu 
K il'^aii it •!•• Ti»;m-l''!n-'i;i. ^:ir h- \» tvi ♦!.• Tii'iii-^iii, ri, tie la. **ur 
ir.mtris {••.rr-. «i inaii In ^ iiil''iii'Un>, ft l»-.> Viinlir ilaii.'^ rt*s liilli- 
rriit**-* !«»■ alM< -*. 

{.*'< m.ir liaij'i** sf <.rvi:iiiit il** « rit«' iiii'iiir \**U' jMnir fX|M»rt«*r 
on Iliis^ir ili< iiniiiiaii'li-i-- a«lii.-l''i-^ l.iiil il.ms Kd \ill\:s ai jmuU 
biii-iiiiiiiiin-.s «piij >ur ]i-s 111. Ill (:•-> iiit«.ii«'Ui-i. 

lis aurinit • -.mIimiumiI 1»; ilruil 'If m* ri'ihln*. jH.ur alVairos «Io ri»ii;- 
lii'ii'f, a S-iii-iilifiiu rr>ia-\u-lvii:ia»i>. jMijui li-riiiiii.il •!«■*» rara\aiii-i 
llu'-^f.s. ft il> V i'liiiii'iii «!•• t«»u> Irs ihoit'* Uix-'iilc:* uu colli iiirrco 
K"s-t' a Tu-ii-t^iiL 

AirnrLK XV 

I^* 4'i»ini!jfn'<* |mr\"i«* «1«* it-iif i-xi-p'r par Ifs '•uj^t-H 1Iu«»'^'h 
ilaii-* I«- prnviiii't's iM' r>r,:i«i ♦! i'\ii*n»>ins «lt* la L'liiiic mtu u ,i 
ptir Ic lit i^'li.nnut .iiiii« .\- ai: j:- -i.l Ti.i::« * 

l.*-- -!ij':I iti'ii- • 11. !..•?• : !• - <i : |i ■'.*«!:! 'l'ra:t«'' .i:ii«ii ijUf It* 
I.*' .!•■: i«:i! ', II !••; -•■:: i-- • "i..; ! ...- :.t. p-'iiii--:.*. ' M*- i« m-^ «. apri-"i 
in. :■.*■ ■ ■. ■.!!»■ •!•• l'» a:;- i- . ■ '.; i : : ' : 'in ■ ■.! -l" I . . ii xuj*- \\**a 
I ' ■ • ■..- 'i:i T: :\\- . :.. - *i .•.•'■■ :• i?.: ■:•• ?.'\ m.-iN avmit 

1' . : .■ !i •' '.''.'.' f. .' • .• - 1'..:'.^ < ■•:.•[ nV»ii!»--. m* 

ih ,!.:• -'• «•■ 'I- "ir •!»• j-: • .• i . i ! ■ ":■ *... .• "• -"ij ili"ii»« *i»iii- 

iM '• : !• - i:::^: -[i:-- ;•■ \\ ^1- in- li:. i-m :it ■ n m^hcui ji*»ur uu 
ii'. . »■ .. • •• : ;i.c «^ 1'* ..:i-. 

.p. 



No. 57.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Feb. JJ, 1881. 

[Ili. Boundary. Frontier Trftda, dko.] 

Ht/ssian Trtule trith China by Sea, 

\j^ commerce ]>ar voie de mer cles sujets Rusaes en Chine 
Bt»ra B<>umi« aux It^j^lenieiits ^t'lieraux etahlis pmr le commerce 
mnritime I'tranger en Chine. S'il dcvient nucesHaire d apporter des 
mcHlific'utions a ces K^glements, lea deux GouvernemenU etabliront 
une entente i\ ce sujet 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Russian Laud Trade. 

Si le dc^veloppement du eonnnerce Russe par voie de terre pro- 
v<M|ue la necesaite de IVtaMisa^Mnent, |>our les man!lian<lis4»8 
<I'< exportation et d'ini]M)rtation en Chine, d*un Tarif Douanier jJus 
eii r.ipport c^ue les Tarifa aetuellement eii vii^U(»nr avec Ira necea- 
aiti'a de ce commerce, lea Gouvernemcnta Rnsa<» et Chinois pnKu*- 
drront a une entente k ci^aujet, en adopt^mt pour baae de la fixation 
<It»a ilnni^ d entree et de sortie le taux de 5 iK)ur cent de la valeur 
dea marchandises. 

Tea Trade. 

^\\f^\\\\ Ictahliasement de ce Tarif, les droits dVxportation, 
])reh'Vi*a sur qnehjues eap^ces <le thca de qiialitea intcrieures, 
actnellcment imiH>aea an tanx etahli jM»ur le the de (jnalitr aujH?- 
rienn^ seront diminuea proportionnellenient a leur videnr. II sera 
pHKiMk* a la fixation de c«^s droits, |)Our ch:u{ue eaj)ece de the, jMir 
nm» enteiiU* entre le (touvernement Chinois et rKnvove de Ituaaio 
j\ IVkin, dans le terme <I*un an, an plua tard, k jMiilir du jour de 
IVchange des ratifications du preaent Tiiiite. 

ARTICLE XVIL 

Straying or RMvry of CattU on Frontier, 

I>«»s diver^'encea d'npinion aVtant pnKluites justju^ici dans 
r:ipj»li<atinn de TArticle X du Traite condu i\ IVkin en 18G0* 
^No. 54\ il eat et4il»li. par lea pnWntra, que lea atiptdatinna de 
rArti<lr suadit, relatives aux n'pt'titiona a cxercer en cas de vol et 
iW dt'toiiMicment de beUiil an ilela de la frontii*rt», sinxmt a lavenir, 
iiiiri[)n'ti'«-a dana ce sena, <jue lors <le la decouverte dindividus 
ti.upal»l<*s <le vol on de d«'tournement de hrlail ila senmt condamnes 
a [».iytr la valeur n'elle du U'tail <i*ila n auront jwa n»atitue. II est 
iiitciidu «juVn cas d*inaolvahilite dea individus cou])ahles de vol do 
In^ial rindtMiiniti' a ]>jiyer ]»r»ur le iK'tail manquant ne saurait clie 
niis«' a la (•har;;e <lea autorit<-s locales. 

1^'s autoriti'a frontii*rt*a deadtMix Etats ]K)ursuivront,sc»lon tonte 
la riu'uiur <lea h»is de h*ur jMiya, lea individua coujiahlea de 
di'iouini'mi*nt ou de vol de Wtail, et devront prendre les meaures 

• Not. ,\. 18G0. 
o4« 



Feb. i|» 1881.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 57. 

[111. Boundary. Frontier Trade, Ao.] 

qui d^pendront d elles pour la restitution, k qui de droit, du b^tail 
detourne^ ou qui aurait passt? la frontiere. 

Les traces du betail detoume ou qui aurait passe la frontiere 
peuvent etre indiqut^es, non seulement aux gardiens des postes 
fronti^res, mais aussi aux anciens des villages les plus proches. 

ARTICLE XVIII. 
Navigation of the Amour, Soungari, and Oussouri. Right to trade. 

Les stipulations du Tmitd conclu h. Aigoun le 16 Mai, 1858 
(No. 52) t coneeniant les droits des sujets des deux Empires de 
naviguer sui I'Aniour, sur le Soungari, et sur TOussouri, et de faire 
le conunerce avec les populations des locality riveraines, sont et 
deiueurent confirmees. 

Les deux Gouvernements procederont h. IMtablissement d'une 
entente concernant le mode d'application des dites stipulations. 

ARTICLE XIX. 

Modification of existing Treaties, 

Les dispositions des anciens Traitt's entre la Russie et la 
CI line, non-modifiees par le present Traitd, restent en pleine 



vigu'iur. 




ARTICLE XX. 

Ratifications to he exchanged, 

Le present Trait e, apr6s avoir ^t6 ratifi^ par les deux 
Empereurs, sera proniulgue dans chaque Empire, pour la connais- 
sauce et la gouverne de chacun. LYchange des ratifications aura 
lieu a Saint Pett^rsbourg dans le terme de six mois k compter du 
jour de la signature du Traits. 

Lan/funges of Treaty, French Version to he appealed to. 

Ayant arrSt^ les Articles ci-dessus, les Pleuipotentiaires des 
deux Parties Contractantes ont sign($ et scell6 de leurs sceaux 
deux exemplaires du present Trait<5, en langues Russe, Chinoise, et 
Fran(jai8e. Des trois textes, dftment confront^s et trouv(5s con- 
cordants, le texte Franqais fera foi pour rinterpiiJtation du present 
Traill. 

Fait k Saint-P^tersbourg, le |f F^vrier, 1881. 

(LS.) NICOLAS DE GIERa 
(L.S.) EUGfeNE BUTZOW. 

(LS.) ts£;ng. 

t S, P. Vol. LIII. Page 964. 



;548 



Ho. 57.1 CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Feb. {J. 1881. 

[Bussi&D Land Trade.] 



PROTOCOLE. 
Indemnity, JRussian Occupation of Hi, 

Ev vertii de TArticle VI du Traitt? si^ne aiijourd'hui par les 
rieiiij>ote!itiaires <les (louvenieineiits Kusse et Chinois, le Guu- 
venieiuent Chinois j)ayera iiu (fouverneineiit Kusae la somnie do 
9,000.000 roubles nu'Uilli<iues,destiiu'e i\ couvrir les frais <le roceu- 
))iti<)ii du pays d'lli par les tnnipes Kusses et ii satisfain* divei-ses 
reclamations jH»cuniaires <les sujets Kusses. Cette sum me doit etre 
payett ilaiis le delai de deux ans a compter du jour de rechange des 
rat iH cations du Traite. 

Dcsirant pnViser le mode fie pjiyement de la sonime precit<5e, 
les Soussi«^me8 sont convenus de ce (pii suit: — 

Xa" (louvernement Cluuois versera IVipiivalent de la somme de 
9,000,000 nmlJes metalli^ues en livres sterlin;/. soit J,4*n,0G4/. 2/j. 
sterling, chez MM. Barini^'. Frf^ixis, an<l Cie., a Ixjiidres, en six j>art8 
i't^ales de 2.*i8,610/. I3,s. 8</. sterlinj^ chacuiie, moins les frais de 
l»an«|!u* il'usafje cpii serout occiusionnes par le transfert de ces paye- 
meuts ;\ Ix)ndre8. 

l^»s vei-sements seront ('^chohnuK^a a quatre mois de distance 
Tun de I'autre, le premier devant etre efVectue quatre mois apr^s 
Tei'lianu'e <les mtitications du Traite sij^iu' aujourd'hui, et le deniier 
au t<*rme ile deux ans revolus apres cet eclianjj^e. 

1^» pn'.scMit I'rotocole aura la meme force et valeur que s'il <5tait 
iiisrrc mot i\ mot dans le Traite sij^ne aujourd'hui. 

Kn foi de (pioi les Pli^ii|H)tentiaire8 des deux Ctouvernements 
out simile le present Protocole et y out appose leurs sceaux. 

Fuit li Saint-Petersboui*g, le ^ J Fevrier, 1881. 

(L.S.) NICOLAS DE OIEKS. 

(LS.) Er(;f':NE butzow. 

(LS.) TSfeNG. 



EussiAN Land Trade. 



R^GLEMENT jxmr U Commerce par Voie de Terre. February |f , 

1881. 

ARTICLE L 

Un commerce de lil»rcHVlmnj;e et en frftnchi.se de droits, entre 
Ruj«-tH HuKses et sujets Chimiis, o.-^t ftutori?*e sur une zone limitrophe 
8'<''t«'n«lani ilea deux cot«.'s de la front'ere a la distance de 50 verstea 
(100 li). Chacun des deux (louvernements se nWrve tie 8ur>'eiller 
ce commerce couformement 4 ses regalements fruntieres. 

349 



Feb. II 1881.] CHINA AND RU5STA. [No. 57. 

[Bussian I«and Trade.] 

ARTICLE 11. 

1^8 siijets Russes se rendant pour affaires de commerce en 
Mon^olie et dans les districts situes sur les versants iior<I et sud 
dii Tiauclian peuvent fmnchir la frontiere seulement en certaius 
points, eimmeres dans la liste aiiiiexee an pr&eiit R^lement.* 

lis doivent etre munis par les autorit(5s Russes de perniis en 
langues Russe et Ciiinoise, avec traduction Mongole et Tartare. Le 
iioni du proprietaire de la marchandise ou du chef de la caravane 
la specification des niarchandises, le nombre des coUs et cehii du 
betail, peuvent etre inditpies, en langue Mongole ou Tartare, dans 
le texte Chiuois de ces j)ennis. 

A leur entree sur territoires Chiuois les niarchands sont tenus 
de presenter leurs perniis au ])Oste Chinois le plus proclie de la 
frontiere, ou, apres verification, le perniis devra etre vis^ par le chef 
du poste. 

Ja^s autorites Chinoises ont le droit d'arr^ter les marchands qui 
auraient franchi la fronti'>re sans penuis, et de les reniettre eDti*e 
les mains des autorites Russes les plus proches de la frontifere, ou 
au Consul Russe competent, pour qu'une punition sev6i*e leur soit 
infiigee. 

En cas de i)erte du j^ermis, le proprietaii*e est tenu d*en aviser 
le Consul Russe le plus proche, pour s'en faire d(51i\Ter un nouveau, 
et den informer les autorites locales pour obtenir un certificat tem- 
poraire lui permettant de continuer sa route. 

Les marchandises importees en Mongolie et dans les arrondisse- 
ments situes sur les vei-sants du Tian-chaii, qui, n*y auraient point 
ete vendues, peuvent etre dirigees sur les villes de Tien-tsin et de 
8(>u-tcheou (Tsia-yu-kouan), pour y etre vendues ou pour Stre 
expediees plus loin en Chine. 

Pour le prelevement des droits sur ces marchandises, pour la 
delivrance des perniis de transport, et pour les autres fonnalit^s de 
Douane, il sera procedd couformement aux dispositions ci-dessous 
d^taillees. 

ARTICLE IIL 

Les marchands Russes qui expedient des marchandises de 
Kiakhto et du pays de Xertchinsk k Tien-tsin sont tenus de les 
faire passer par Kalgan, Dounba, et Tountch^ou. La mSme voie 
sera prise par les marchandises dirigcJes sur Tien-tsin, de la frontiere 
Russe, par Kobdo et Koui-houa-tchen. 

Les marchands doivent etre munis de permis de transport 
delivres par les autorites Russes, ddment vises par les autoritiis 
Cliinoises competentes, portant indication, en langues Russe et 
Chinoise, du nom du proprii^taire de la marchandise, du nombre des 
colis, et du genre de la marchandise qu'ils contiennent. 

Les fonctionnaires des Douanes Chinoises situees sur la route 
suivie par les marchandises procederont, sans retard, k la v^rifica- 

• Page 356. 

3f>0 



Mo. 67.1 CHINA AND RU88IA. [Feb. H* ^^l- 

[Bnaslan Land TnUU.] 

tion du noinbre des colis et k la visite des marcbandises qu'ils 
laisseront paaser apr^ avoir apposd le visa sur le permis. 

Les coHh ouverts durant la visite douani^re seront referm^ par 
les si)in8 de la douaiie, qui marqiiera sur le permis le nombre des 
colis ouverts. 

La visite douani^re ne doit pas durer plus de deux heures. 

Les permis devront etre present^, dans un d(^lai de six uiois, k 
la douane de Tien-tsin, pour etre aimul^. Si le propri^taire des 
imirchandises trouve ce d^Iai insutfisant, il est tenu d'en informer, 
en temps et lieu, les autoritos Chinoisea 

En cas de j>erte du pennis, le marcliand est tenu il'en aviser les 
autorites qui le lui ont ddlivr^ pour obtenir un duplicata, et de 
declarer a cet eft'et le numero et la date du permis (^.gan^. La 
douane la plus ])roche, situi'e sur sa route, aprfes avoir constat^ 
lexaetitude de la declaration du marchand, lui d^livre un certiticat 
provisoire, avec lequel les marchandises, peuvent ^tre dirig^ plus 
loin. 

Une d(5claration inexacte de la quantite des marchandises, s'il 
eat prouv(!» cju'elle a 6t6 faite avec Tintention de diasimuler des 
ventes ojHirees en route, ou d'echapper au payement des droits, 
entraine« {K)ur le marchand, Tapplication des peines ^tablies dans 
Article VIII du pr^nt K^lement 

AETICLE IV. 

I^es marchands. Russes qui d^^sireraient vendre h Kalgan une 
jMirtie (juelcopque des nmrchandises import^e* de Russie doivent en 
t'aira la declaration k Tautoritd locale dans le ddlai de cinq jours. 
Celle-ci, apris acijuittement par le marchand des dmits d'importa- 
tion entiers, lui ddlivre un permis de vente des marchandises. 

ARTICLE V. 

liOS marchandises import<ies de Russie, par voie de terre,]>ar les 
iiiarchands Husses, k Tien-tsin, y acquittenmt un droit d'importa- 
tion <'H|uivalent aux deux tiers des droits etablis par le Tarif. 

Ijos nian!handises importees de Russie k Sou-tcheim (Tsia-yu- 
kouan) jtayemnt, dans cette ville, les monies droits et seront 
soumises aux roemes r&glements qu!k Tien-tsin. 

ARTICLE VL 

Si les marchandises laissi^ k Kslpnn, et qui y ont acx^uitU^ les 
droits d entree, n*y sont ]mnt vendues, leur propri^taire j)Ourra les 
exi>edier a Toun-tcheou ou k Tien-tsin, et la douane, sans percevoir 
de nouveaux droits, restituern au marchand un tiers du droit 
d entnM* paye a Kalgan, en faisant une annotation corresjiondante 
sur le {tenuis d«(livre en ce cas jiar la douane de Kalgan. 

Ijea negociants Russes peuvent exp^ier sur les marchte de 

351 2 A 



Feb. H, 1881] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 57. 

[Buaaian Lftnd Trftda.] 

rint^rieur les marchandises laiss^es h, Kalgan et qui y ont acquitte 
les droits d'entree, en se conformaut aux cjonditions giln^rales 
etablies pour le commerce etraui^er en Chine, aprfes acquittement 
d'uu droit de transit (u'., la moitie des droits specifies dsins le Tarif). 
II sera delivrc pour ces marchandises un permis de transport qui 
doit etre exhibe a toutes les doiianes et barrieres situees siir la route, 
lies marchandises non accompa<.niees de ce permis auront a 
acquitter les droits aux douanes qu*elles traveraerout, et le li-kin 
aux barrieres. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Les marchandises importees de llussie k Sou-tcheou (Tsia-yu- 
kouan) peuvent eti-e expediees sur les marches de Tint^rieur, aux 
conditions stipulees dans I'Article IX du present R6glement, pour 
les marchandises exp^di^es de Tien-tsin en destination des marches 
de rinterieur. 

ARTICLE VIIL 

8*il etait constate, lors de la visite douanifere des marchandises 
importees de Russie a Tien-tsin, que les marchandises 8j>^cifi^es 
dans le permis ont ete retir(ies des colis et remplacees par d'autres, 
ou bien que leur (juantite (d(5duction faite de ce qui en aura ^te 
laisse k Kalgan) est inf^rieiire au chiffre indique dans le permis, 
toutes les marchandises pr^sent^es a la visite seront confisqu^es par 
la douane. 

II est entendu que les colis avaries en route, et qui, par suite 
de cela, auront subi un r^emballage, ne seront pas sujets k confisca- 
tion, si toutefois le fait d*avarie a ^t^ dftment d^clard a la douane 
la plus proche, et si cette derniire, aprfes constatation de Tdtat 
intact de la marchandise primitivement exp(5di6e, a fait ime anno- 
tation correspondante sur le permis. 

Seront sujettes k confiscation les marchandises dont il sera con- 
stat^ qu'une partie a 6t6 vendue en chemin. 

Si les marchandises ont ^te transpoit^es par des voies d^toum^, 
afin de les soustraire aux visites des douanes ^tablies sur les routes 
indiqu(5es k T Article III, le propri^taire en sera passible d'une 
amende ^gale au droit crimportation entier. 

Si Tinfraction aux rfeglements susmentionn^s a 6t6 commise k 
Tinsu et sans la participation du propri^taire de la marchandise, par 
les voituriers, les douanes. en fixant Tamende, prendront cette 
circonstance en consideration. Cette disposition se rapporte ex- 
clusivement aux localit<5s travers^es par le commerce Eusse par 
voie de terre, et ne saurait etre appliquee a des cas analogues qui 
se produiraient dans les ports et dans Vinterieur des provinces. 

En cas de confiscations des marchandises, le ndgociant a le droit 
de liberer celles-ci moyennant le versement d'une somme ^quiva- 
lente k leur valeur, dflment d^termin^e par une entente avec les 
autorit^s Chi noises. 

352 



Mo. 57.1 CHINA AND RUSSIA. [F«b. H. mi 

[BoMlAa Land TnUU.] 

AETICLE IX. 

A lexiwrtatlon tie Tien-tein, par mer, en destination <le c[uelque 
auti*e jHirt (Jhinois otivert jwir lea Tniitos an commerce dtranj^er, des 
mairhandiHOis imj>orteea de Kusaie jmr voie de terre, la donane de 
Tien-Tsin pn^ltve sur ces marchandises un tiers des droits entiers 
fixes par le Tarif, en sus des deux tiers dijk penjus. Aucun droit 
ne sera pr^ev^ sur ces marchandises dans les autres ports. 

Les marchandises exportees de Tieu-tsin, ou dea autres ports, 
en destination des marches int^rieurs, seront frapp^ du droit de 
transit (i.e., la moitid des droits sp^ifi(^s dans le Tarif) d'aprts les 
dispositions g^n^rales (Stablies pour le commerce (Stranger. 

ARTICLE X. 

Les marchandises Chinoises, exportees de Tien-tsin en Kussie 
par les marchands Russes, doivent etre dirig^ sur Kalgan par la 
voie indiquee a TArticle III. 

11 sera preleve sur ces marchandises, k leur sortie, des droits 
d'exjx)rtation entiers. Toutefois, les marchandises de reimportation 
achetoes k Tien-tsin, ainsi que cellcs achetees dans un autre port,et 
exiH.Miiees, en transit, k Tien-tsin, pour exportation en Russie, dtaut 
accompagn^ d'un re<;u de la douane coustatant le payement des 
droits de sortie, n en seront pas frappt^ une seconde fois, et le 
demi-droit de r^import^ition (droit coiier), ver8(5 li Tien-tsin, sera 
restitue au marchand si les marchandises qui auront acquitUi ce 
droit Hont exportees en Russie dans le d^lai d'un au apres le verse- 
meut de ce droit 

Li>, Consul de Russie ddlivre, pour le transport des marchandises 
en Runsie, un permis portant indication, en langiies Russe et 
Chinoise, du nom du propri^taire de la marchandise, du nombre 
des col is et des marchandises qu'ils contiennent. Ces permis seront 
vises jMir la douane du j)ort et devront accompagner les marchan- 
dises pour etre exhibds lors de la visite de cellea-ci aux douanes 
^tablies sur la route. 

On se conformera aux r^es d^taillees k TArticle III quant au 
delai dans lequel le jiermis doit Stre pr^sent^ a la douane pour Stre 
annulc, et pour les cas de perte de permis. 

l>es marchandises doivent suivre la voie iudiqu^ k T Article III 
et ne devront i>as etre vendues en route ; Tinfraction k cette r^le 
ontrainera, \yo\xT le marchand, I'application des penalty indiqueee 
k I'ArticIe VIII. La visite des marchandises aux douanes situees 
sur la route se fera conformement aux regies indiqu^ k 
1* Article III. 

I>es marchandises Chinoises que les marchands Russes achate- 
ront a S<»u-tcheou (Tsia-yu-kouan), ou qu'ils y aiuineront des 
marches de Tinterieur en destination de la Russie, auront k ac- 
quitter, a leur exportation de Sou-tcheou en Russie, les droits fix^ 
pour les marchandises exiK>rtees de Tien-tsin, et eeroDt soumiaee 
aux reglemants ^tablis pour ce port 

S5S 2 a2 



Feb. «. 188J.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 57. 

[BnMlAn Itand Txmde.] 

AETICLE XL 

Les marchandises achet^ k Toun-tcheoii auront k acquitter, k 
leur exportation en Russie par voie de terre, les droits de sortie 
entiers, selon le Tanf. 

Les marchandises achetees k Kalgan acquitteront dans cette 
ville, k leur exportation en Russie, un droit Equivalent k la moiti^ 
des droits specifics dans le Tarrf. 

Quant aux marchandises SLcheties par les negociants Riisses 
sur les marches int(5rieurs et import^es k Toun-tcheou et Kalgan, 
pour etre export<5es de \k en Russie, elles seront, en outre, frap- 
pees de droits de transit, conform^ment aux regies g(5n<5rales 
^tablies pour le commerce t^tranger sur les marches interieurs. 

Les douanes locales des villes ci-dessus ^num^r^es, apr&* avoir 
pr(''leve les droits, d^livreront au marchand un pemiis pour le 
transport des marchandises. Pour les marchandises export^es de 
Toun-tcheou, ce permis sera delivre par la douane de JDounba, k 
laquelle se feront la demande de ce permis, ainsi que le versenient 
des droits que les marchandises auront a acquitter. II sera fait 
mention dans le permis de la d(5fense de vendre les marchandises 
en route. 

Les regies d^taillees k I'Article 3, relatives aux permis, k la 
visite des marchandises, &c., se mpportent cgalement aux mar- 
chandises exportees des localites ^num^rt^es dans le present 
Article. 

ARTICLE XII. 

Les marchandises de provenance (5trang^re, exportees en desti- 
nation de la Russie, par voie de terre, de Tien-tsin,de Toun-tcheou, 
de Kalgan, et de Sou-tcheou (Tsia-yu-kouan), n'auront pas de 
droits d'acquitter si le marchand produit un re^.u de la douane 
accusant payement des droits d'importation et de transit sur ces 
marchandises. Si elles n'ont acquitt^ que les droits d'entr^, la 
douane comp^tente r^clamera, en outre, du n^gociant, le versement 
lu droit de transit fix6 par le Tarif. 

ARTICLE XIIL 

Les marchandises importees en Chine pour les marchauds 
Russes, ou expoit^cs par eux, acquitteront les droits de douane 
selon le Tarif Gc^ndral ^tabli pour le commerce Stranger en Chine, 
et selon le Tarif Additicnnel ^tabli en 1862 pour le commerce 
Busse. 

Les marchandises non enum^rdes dans Tun ou dans Tautre de 
ces Tarifs seront impos^es d*un droit de 5 pour cent ad valorem, 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Seront admis, en franchise de droits, k I'importation et k Tex- 
portation, les articles suivants : — 

L*or et Targent en lingots, la monnaie ^trangire, les farinea de 

S64 



Ho. 57.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Feb. M* ^^M- 

[Buaslan Land TnUI*.] 

toute esp^ce, la sagou, les biscuits, les viandes et les legumes en 
conserves, le froinage, le beurre, les produite de confiserie, les vSte- 
iiient^ etraiigers, les objets de joaillerie et Targeiiterie, les parfums 
et les savons et toute esp^, le charbou de bois, le l)ois de chauf- 
fage, les bougies de fabrication ^trangire, le tabac et les cigares 
^tmngere, les vins, la bifcre, les boissons spiritueuses, les provisions 
et utensiles de menage, employiis dans les maisons et sur les 
navires, le bagage des voyageurs, les fournitures de chancellerie, 
les articles de tapisserie, la coutellerie, les medicaments <itranger8, 
la verroterie, et les objetA en cristal. 

Les articles ci-dessus enum(Sres f asseront en franchise de droits, 
k leur entrt^e et k leur sortie par voie de terre ; mais s ils sont 
exj>edic3S, des villes et des ports mentionm5s dans le present Rigle- 
luent, sur les marches interieurs, ils seront frappt^s d'un droit <le 
transit au taux de 2^ iK)ur cent (ui tnhrem. Seront, toutefois, 
exempts du ptiyement de ce dniit : le iMigage de voyageurs, Tor et 
Targent en lingots, et la monnaie ^trang6re. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Sont prohil><5s tant pour I'imporUition que pour Texportation, et 
sont suiets k contiscation dans le cas de transport en contrebande, 
les articles suivants : — 

Ijbl poudre, les munitions d'artillerie, lea canons, les fusils, les 
carabines, les pistolets, et toutes leii armes k feu. Les engins et 
munitions de guerre, le sel, I'opium. 

I>3s sujet^ Uusses se rendant en Chine pourront avoir, cliacuu 
jMiur leur defense jHjrsiinnelle. un fusil on un pistolet, ce dont men- 
tion devra etre faite dans le permis dont ils seront porteurs. 

L'imjKjrtation, jwir les sujets Russes, du sali)etre, du soufre, et 
du plomb. n*est admise que sur une autorisatiou sp^iale des 
autoriu'»s (liinuises, et ces articlas ne pourront etre vendus cju'aux 
sujets Chinois ([ui auront re<^u un ])ennis d'achat special. 

L'exiK>rtation du rizet tie la monnaie de cuivre Chinoise est 
pn»hil»^. Par contre, Timportation du riz et de toutes les c^r^alea 
est autoris^e en franchise de droits. 

ARTICLE XVI. 

II est interdit mux n^ociants Russes de transporter let mar- 
chandises appartenant k des commer^ants Chinois en let faiaaat 
passer pour leur propri^t^ 

ARTICLE XVIL 

I^es aut4)rit^ Chinoises auront le droit de prendre tellet maturet 
que seront n^cessairet contre le commerce de contrebanda 
Fait k Saint P^iersbourg, le ^ F^vrler, 1881. 

(LS.) NICOLAS DE GDEBa 

(LS.) eug£ne BUTZOW. 

(LS.) TSfeNO. 
355 



F«b. M, 1881.] 



CIIIXA USD RHSSIA. 
IBiuaian Land Tmd*.] 



lMo. S7* 



Annexe ti rArt'uU 2 *ht lUtjhmfnt }hmr If Commrrrf jntr VoU tie 



t'l'i'*'. 



Li IT! i\\*% Poi nU> Front i^rr* |wr leiqurU uourronC paiwer 1m tujH* RunMii, 

rrndftnt ^ii i^hino |M>iir AoBftin* tie Commme. 

PotitM RuwM. Pottet ChiDoif. 



1. 


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15 


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Houn!m*«out«i. 








2^. 


Khaljart>ut0ou. 








27. 


lukhu. 










28 


KaptacAi 


, 








21». 


\a )MMe 


Kok'Mou 








311 


K)ii>rKi>«. 










:il 


\a |)a«M* 


KM^I. 








32 


Iji |NW*«> 


l>r*kU 








33. 


I A }M|Mf* 


fuuniuirartr 






34 


Irkii*>ilai 


S«iuiuk. 








35. 


111. 





rnt 



I A |tn'-«t*ntf htt# ilr ptiiiiU ti«* |wik«nKr uiiurra Mn* modifi4r par un^ MitMito 
,ntn* rKiiT>iTr til* RuMic* k Fekin H W Miniat^rv iir« Affaiiva Rlranf^TM «W 
I'hiiK*. ci':t|iiv« 1>^ •ton>tr«« fvUtiTi^ am ATafitai{«^ ilr «v« |toinU «{Ui Irar af iMU t 
f(»iiniii>« |wr W** I on«uU <lr Kuvif rX (lar If* aut<int«^ fr\>ntirrv« Chinoiara CSm 
uititiiHi'mtiofii |M>rtrnint «iir IVioluaion ilr ■'■■riaiii* puinta qui tcnint rNvimiM 
fliiprrllu*. on tur Irur mu )iiafi'riii^iit \mT tV%\kXrr^^ plu* nrvvaaairv* au mouVMBMll 



iiu i'ouiiiic*rk'« 



(K.8) MCX)LAS DK OIKRA 

(L^ ) Ki'iiRNE Birraow. 

(L8.) T8KNO 



366 



No. 58.] CHI!^A AND RUSSIA. [Oct.— D«>., 1886. 

[Port Hamilton and Ootmu] 



(No. 58.) CORRESPONDENCE. Gu4rmntcr of Bi/Jisui mf to 
take Oorean Territory^ in vrcnt of BritisJi Evacuation of Port 
Hamilton, and of China tJutt witJirr Port Hamilton nor any 
jHtrt of Cornin Territory should be occupu'd by anotlier Pawer, 
in rrent of siirh eiytriurtion. October — December, 1886. 

(1.) The Tsun(j'li Yamhi to Sir J, Walsham, 

(Translation.) Peking, October 31, 1886. 

The Prince and Ministers of the Tsung-li Yamen have the 
honour to rt^fer Her Britannic Majesty's Minister to the personal 
consul tjitions which have e^irlicr taken place between Mr. O'Conor, 
( 'harge d'Atlkires, and the Vainen on the subject of the Coreaii 
islands of Port Hamilton ; also to the communications of his Ex- 
cellency Tseng to Her Majesty's Government, who were informed 
by him that this matter was one that greatly concerned a tributary 
St4ite of China. 

In due course a reply was received from Her Majesty's Foreign 
Ottice, to the effect that the occupation of the islands in question 
was a measure of a temporary nature, and that it carried with it 
no intiMition whatsoever of doing anything injurious to the prestige, 
rights, an<l interests of either China or her vassal state. Further, 
that there was no desire to occupy these islands for any length of 
time, but that it was feared that, if they were taken possession of 
by another Power, it must infallibly l)e injurious to the interests 
lK>th of Englan<l and of China. If China could guarantee that no 
one would come and take these islands, the British Government 
couKi feel reiissuretl.* 

A long time has now elajxsed, and British vessels of war con- 
tiinie to hold these islands, thus giving rise to embarrassing 
tpiestioiis fi-om without 

Fr r instance, rumours have recently been disseminated from 
(J<uva that Ru.ssia was interfering with China's feudat4)ry. The 
< 'hiuese Ctovernment accordingly demanded an explanation from 
Ru.ssia as u» the existence or otherwise of this fact, and in due 
course the Russian Foreign Office gave the Chinese Minister Liu 
the mast fmnk assurances that the Russian Government had abso- 
lutely no such intentions. M. Ladygensky, the Russian Chargd 
d'Atfaires at iVkiiig, further went to Tien-tsin at the orders of the 
Russian Foreign Office, and had several personal conversations 
with the (rraud ^Secretary Li. Minister Superintendent of Northern 
Trade, to whom he re{)eated and enlarged upon the answer earlier 
given to the Minister Liu. He also stated that the Russian 
(iuvernnient gave a sincere promise tliat if the British would 

* Port llAmilton wai tMopormhlT oooupied bj a BritUh dataI force in Maj' 
188:.. (8m PaH. P«pm. China. Ho. 1 (1^87) ). 

367 



Oct.-IVr. IRM] OHTXA ASD RrSSTA. [Mo. S8. 

[Port Hamilton and Ooroa.] 

i^varnnto Port Hfiiiiilton. \\u* Rnssiaii Movpniinoiit wouW not 
iKM'iipy ('«»n»an UTritoiy iiinlrr any cin'ninstaiH'es wlial.»«K?ver. 

Tliu (Iraiul Setivtaiy I-i, Miiii-^UT SuiHriiiU-iHlfUt of Northern 
Trafli>. tlii'ii tnM M. Li(ivir*'nskv tliat what was foariMl waA that 

aft^T iUr Hritisli vrssfls of war ha«l n*linNl from •hew ishiiuU thev 

• 

Willi III Ik* a;^aiii tak(*n {Nissrssinii of hy some utiier Power. Hiiasia, 
thercftin^ must ^uaniiitet* that ^hv wotiM not hen*aftor Btnze these 
islamU, anil ou tht* faitli of thi<< ;;uarante<' Thina couUl otticiallr 
aiMn'NS ihr llritish <Hiv»Mnm«»nl, ami ur;:i» ihrir .sjmmmIv evacuation. 

In riMirsi- uf liiiif M. Li'lv«'fn<kv. in olnMlirniv to insiniitionii 
from th«* iiussian < tiivi'innifiit. ^\ivr a m<ist fX|jIirit ^niitnintee, 
«li<4tinrtIvili*<'IarinL! that in tin* fuinn* iiussia would not take roreaii 
t«-iritorv. 

The rliiiu'si* (invernmfnt is tlien*tfin' natunilly in a {Mwition, on 
th«* faith «if the t:uanint»*e nf tht* iiussian (lovernment. to ;;ive n 
LTuar.intff t<> thf Hritish <ruvi'rnm(*nt. and in making this (*oni- 
muniiatiMii. as is thfir iNiundcn <luty. t«i Her f^ritannir Majesty's 
MinisttT. tlM*y wniild I'XpiesH u hM|N* that he will l(»se no time in 
cnmniunieatiii'^ the alN»Vf )»arti('ulars t<i Ht-r Majesty's <i(ivernnient, 
with a vii'W t<» the is<u«* nf onl»*p* f*»r the fvaniation of Port 

Il.imiltnii liv thrir vi-*>4ds nf »\ar. >ii that frii-ndlv relations mar 

• • • 

thi-reliy !«• runsulidiitiMl. this Inmiil: a matter i*» whieh im|>i»rtiinctf 

\^ attai'iietl. 



\'J.) Sif J. W'nl.'Junn f" th* T<initj-li I'm/*//*. 

Im a n«it«' datrd tin* Vm\\ ultimM, hi^ Hi^'hnf<i«« th«' Pn*sident 
an«l th«*ii K\i rlleii* ws thf Miiti'-tirs of tin* l\un^-li Yamen 
ii>*titi(-il t*> i{**r l>ritaniiie M.i)*'Sly'*4 Mini<^t«'r that the ImiM'rial 
(■(iVcriinifnt nf China, fur thf >{H'iiiiI riMvms n*4-i»nle«l in the n«ite, 
wen* in a {Nt'^itiun t<i u'u.irant«*t' that in the fVfnt nf Ht-r Majt-sty's 
(MiVfriiiniiil tt-rminatinu^ tin* t«*in|N>riry «iLvupati<in nf Port Haniil- 
tiin.nrither thf ;:n»u|i nf < 'ohmii Nlaiids in which Port Hamilton is 
situatt-il. ii«ir any |ijirt of < orfan ti-rritory. .<«h«iulil lie ot*ru|iie«l hy 
aii'ithfr P<»wrr. :ind a n*>{>4* was ••xpre't>«*«l that the Hritish naval 
force mi^'ht therefore lie withdrawn. 

The <^ult^lancf of thi.*« nott* wxh at once tel(*};ni|ilied t^i Her 
Majf^ty'^ (Mivcrnment. .in<l Ht-r Maj«'8ty's Minist4*r Ints l«en in- 
Ptiu'tf«l ti* iiiaki' known ti» his lli:;}int**««* and their Kxct^llenciet 
that **\\ thf t.iiih of till- L'uiiraiitt-f Hfr Mjif^t\'- (niVfj-nment will 
l>e |»ri'|iarf«l t«ic«»iiij'ly AMth tin- wi-hf- nf ihf ChuifM* ( rnVfnini«*nt. 
which havf iiow Ufi: ottu i.tllv fiirmul.iteil * 

lift Majf>ty*H Mini*it« r hii> thf honour to incliis«\ for the in* 
fitrmutii'ii «>f the Prune .iiid Mini-tept. a >"('y v/f thf nt<t« which he 

* IK« Hntitli KI%t "Ki'h Kfttl Urn h.ii«tr.l at Purt IfaviiUm in IIbj, ISeS 

3r.8 



Mo. 58.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Oci.-«I)6e., 1886. 

[Fort Hamilton and Ooroa.] 

has addressed to the Government of His Corean Maja«?ty for the 
purpose of intimating to them this decision on the part of Her 
Majesty's Ck)vernment, and he avails himself, &c. 

JOHN WAIiJHAM. 



(3.) Sir J, WaUham to the President of Ou Corean Council, 

M. le President, Pekifig, December 23, 1886. 

In compliance with the wish expressed by the GJovennnent of 
His Corean Majesty in the note which they did me the honour to 
address me on tlie 4th July, I communicated to Her Majesty's 
( f overnment, as in my reply of the 5th August I stated I would 
do, t))(^ observations contained in tlmt note with regard to the 
tempi »rary occupation of Port Hamilton, and, in obedience to in- 
structions from Her Majesty's (Tovemment, I now hasten to inform 
your Excellency that tlie exceptional circumstances wliich led to 
lbt» occupation having happily ceased. Her Majesty's Government 
will be prepared to terminate it conformably to their original 
intentions. 

This decision lias been strengthened by a fonual guarantee 
given to them by the Imperial Chinese Government, that in the 
event of the temporar}' occupation ceasing, neither the group of 
islands in which Port Hamilton is situated nor any part of Corean 
territorj' shall \ye occupied by another Power. 

1 should have been glad to have had it in my power to make 
this communication personally to your Excellency, but the lateness 
of the season will oblige me to defer my visit to Corea till the 
spring of next year. 

His Excellency the Commander-in-chief of Her Majesty's 
Naval F<»rce8 will let your Excellency know, through Her Majesty's 
Consul-(feneral at Soul, tlie date of his havitig withdrawn the ships 
from port Hamilton. 

I avail, &C., 

JOHN WALSHAM. 



369 



AufT i{. 1892] CHINil AND RrSSIA. TMo 69. 

rjnnetioii. Tal«cmph Unas.] 

(No. 60.) CnsrEXTfOy murininnt h }tmriion fhx lufnrn 
f/f/tft'ttphiifift's ft^r/'f'.'itrrA I^^^A'0'A nrrr Its liijnfA tfUffrttphi*/iif1t 

h- l-! A"iU.\i<\V2^ 

AKTK'LK 1. 

!>!•-! (itiiivrriKMiifiits ill* ltussi<' *'t lit' <*hiiii-. (Ml vin' <!«• faciliUT U^ 
relations t»li'^Ma|»liiijUf?* t!»»s ilriix fital?*. *m\ n'milii (l'i-f!'tH*tut*r uiit» 
joiictinTi «linil«- «li*s liunt*< t«'lt'in^i|»hi«|n«"i Kihhi*^ aviT i'i'lli»«* tli* la 
i'liiiic aux i-itiit|iti«>ii*> stiixaiites : 

AKTMLK II. 

Ij*'* r:i<'r«inlriin*nts siiivsmts anmut a »*tn» i»ff«Ttin's: 

(" ) Kntn* la -^talinii I'iivki* :i NMvnki«*v*«k *•{ la statimi < '|iiin»i«4«» 
a IIuiiii hull. 

('• Kntn* la station ilu-<si. ;i IMa;j>*\ i('^t«'hf*n'<k fl la •<tati«»ii 
< 'ItiiiiiiM* a ll«''laiii|Ni. 

('. ) KiitH' la statimi ltU.ss(> a Kiaklita vi |;i statit»i) riiinoise 
i|ui si'ra rtaMi«* ilaii** la villi* < 'lli^lli^(«* "^ur la Kiaklita (Maiinait- 

('/.) Sur Ifs autn*^ |M»iiils nu Ifs lii^iirs Kim<4'.H vi |«»s II^uhji 
(iiinois«*s M» nijUiPH'htT.iiiMil %•{ **\\ la jt>ii('tii»ii •'•'niit nM-niiniu* iiiil#» 
|»ar li**< <liMix <M»uviT!U'iin*nlH rtiiiira«*laiits. 

AKTICLK III. 

Li jiiin'tinii ciitn* Ni'Vnkicvsk el lliinti'hiiii tlfvni t'tn* rtli*<-tu(''e 
iitiiiu'iliatcinfiit a{iiv<4 la «>i'^na(uir li** la |»n'*«*iit<* < '«invi*iitii»ii. 

Li joiii'tiMii riitri* lilaL'<>vii-ili-hfii*>k t't ||i-I;iiii|Mi ilrvni i**tre 
fthMlui'i* «li'*> raniM-i- !>iir |i|aii* vl I.i ]»*->%' du • aMi* Huvi.il iit'i-rs- 
siiin*. iiiais liiiiis lolls Ii*.s ras ]>:i.*« |i1iih tiinl iiiit' ilaii.** li- riniiaiit il<* 
six iiioi- a (lat<*r ilii j'.air il«' la siu'iiature ilt* lu |»n''MMit<* i*i»iivrii- 
tiiMi. 

Li joiii-tinii .1 Kiaklita ili'vni t'-tii* ftii'i'tu«*i* lifs i|iit* rA<liiiiiiis- 
tnitioii ill*.". Trit-;.Ma]ilii'<« < liiiiiiiH .mra t«'iiiiiii«' la rtiiiHtnu ti«»ii tie 
la liifMi* IVkili i*t Kiaklitii. inai^ iiaii«> l**\\^ 1**« t a> |>;i^ |ilu^ Uinl i|Ue 
tluns |r ct'uraiit ilc itin} aii^ a il.it'r <iti j<>ur *U' la ^i;^'ii.itiir«* 'li* Ih 

|»p-«»Mllf i iillVflltlitlL 

AKTKLK IV. 

L'A*linini*'tnili'»ii tlf* TrK-^iiiphfs l!i)>S(*s ^i rAiliiiihiHtnitioii 
il<**« Tfli ^ni)>lit'S < 'linii>i'« iirv:ini-M'i«iiit. niaiutit'iiilpiiii rn Imii i-tat el 
tif.'i.sorx iri»iil If** liuliit'** iiU'Mti«tiiiii-i*.-*. -ilia< uuf irt-llfh >\\t li- ter- 
ritnin* lui Hpitarti'iiaiil t-t *\*tni rni\i«iLiltiIit<- tli'\ra t'trt* ^tri* CeiiieiU 

1a"« < It'll X Atliiiini.stmtti'nd preiulnait lur «*Ue<«, k |>Anic!i i*>CMles, 

• KAllflrd b? Ibr Emperor of Rumia, ^ j^wMfT'lMr' 

360 *''^' 



Mo. 59.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Auf. H> 1<M* 

[Junotion. Tel6crftX>b Lints.] 

lea d^penses provoqu^es par Ti^tablissoment et rentretieti du c&ble 
fluvial Bur la riviere Amour entre Blagovieatchensk et Helainpo; 
ce cable sera la propri^UJ commune des deux Gouvememeuts. 

ARTICLE V. 

Les dispositions des Conventions T^l^graphiques Internationales 
et du Rtglement en vigueur seront appliquf^es i\ la correspondance 
t^legraphique et k la transmission des U^l^grammes et les disposi- 
tions qui pourront etre, ^ventuellement, adopUies pour la corre- 
spondance transmise par la voie des c&bles sousmarins entre la 
Kussie et la Chine seront simultan^ment appliqu^es aux lignes 
R^riennes Russo-Chinoises. 

Les tdlegrammes de sernce, se rapportant au sei-vice tel4- 
graphique international et ex^x^dies par les Administrations Tele- 
graphiques, devront etre transmis en franchise. 

Les Administrations T^6graphi(}ues de la Russie et de la Chine 
prendront, chacune de son cdU^, toutes les mesures indispensables 
pour la transmission rapide, reguli^re et ininterrompue de lu corre- 
spondance intemationale sur toutes les ligiies stipul^es dans 
r Article II de la presente Convention. 

ARTICLE VL 

La Russie et la Chine fixent les taxf^ k percevoir pour la trans- 
mission des t<^legrammes sur leurn lignes jusqu'k la fronti^re a la 
condition toutefois que pendant la dur^e de la Convention actuelle 
les taxes etablies par 1' Article VII ue pourront etre modifiees 
(|U apres entente entre les deux Parties. 

Conformement aux principes contenus dans le li^glement 
international en vigueur, les deux Parties Contractantes se u^- 
clarent d'accord que dans le cas oii sur d'autres lignes ou c&bles des 
taxes inf^rieures ^ celles Etablies par la prt^sente Convention seraient 
etablies {)our la transmission des U*kWammes inteniationaux, ces 
memes Utxes inferieures seront simultanemeiit adopti^^s sur les 
lignes Ru8S4>-Chiuoises. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Les taxes t^l^graphiques jiour les jonctions meiitionn^es et 
stipulees dans rArticIe II sout tix^ ainsi qu'il suit : 

BlTMII. 
A — TkMf terutimalm, 

1 . Pour 1m UUgr%mm09 iehmMi^ entre la Roatte d* Asie ei fr. e. 

toute \m Chine . . 1 79 pur moi. 

2. Pour lee UMfrminiBee fehAOf^ entre la RoMie d' Europe, 

le Cbucaee y oomprie, et toute la Chine . . . . S 78 ,, 

B.— Tkret ds trrnmaU, 



Four toue lee tiUgrioiBee • 00 

361 



I* 



Aug. II. 189t.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [No. 99. 

[Junction. Ttttoirraph Ub««.] 

l*UI!fl. 

A. — TasfM termimales, 

1. IViiir li*^ t('*K*Kniiiiiiit'4 i'i*liiiiu't*!t viilre •)ui*li|u«* imrtii* tpie fr. <*. 

I'fia ••■It ilt> It (')niii' H lu KuMiii* irKurup**. Ir i'niii>H«4* 

\ •oinpri^, «*t la Ku^mi* il'A«ii» .. ..2 i^ipAriiiol. 

2. i'tiiir \vn trli'^niiiiiiifii rr I mil urn eiitri' qiifK|iu> |mrtit' qiie 

I el II Milt tli> la OiiiM* «*t i'Kuni|H* \k ri'XiTptiuii lU U 

Kii«>if) tX If* |mT* ritui*« an drU de I'Kurupe .. . . 5 TiO „ 

B. — TaxM th tranMit. 

1. l*imr li'« ti'li'tTiiniiinHi iH«)ian)Ct'*j« I'litn* rKiin»iH» (la Ku«iiii* 

i'ii'«*|itt'-ft I't Ir* |Ni\ii all tl(*l/i '|i' l'Ktin>|M*, — (I'liii rAle 

ft tiiii^ U*B aiitn'tt yf^yt do ruutn* i-Atr .. .. . . 5 oU ,, 

2. I'liiir ti>ii« li'« autrr* te!t'|(nii>iiiii'« v itiippri*i oriti 

6i*)iaiii;i*!i nvinr In KiiA^ii* .. .. .. ..2 <N) „ 

Siir Ifs fi fr. .'lO 0. iinMili<Mm«'f«^ s»il» I,»t. A. ft H.. la <'hiii«» jKiye 
l«'s laxi's fxi*«taiil»-i. n*vriiaiit juix ilitli'-ri'iiti's rontn'fs irKiini|M», 
ilaiis la )iri>)Hirtitiii inijiijiu'i* ]i.ir li* lif;^lfiui-iit t4'l<'*«;ra|thit(iii* iiit«*r- 
iialiiinal en vi«jiuMir «*l par I**"* larifs. 

Li laxt* ;:i''in'-r.ili' jMnir K*s lrl<'*t:raiiiiiirs rrhaiii:rs «*iiin* rKun>]H) 
(la llMK»;i»* »*x(i*|»t»'*«*) ft li*** jiav** an <lela «lt» rKnn»|H», il'nn onl/*, et 
IfS < plain' I Milts : SliaiiLjliai. F«mm'1i«»w, Aniny, I'l Hou^r-Koiii; vi li>ii 
|ila('t*s av<ij^iiiant<*4 'Hi <<»nt alttTi< artn»*ll«*nnMit IfH ral»lt»H soim- 
niarin^ <ii* la SiM'ii'ti' Tili'i^raphiipu* «[♦• I'anln; n'ii«', \\v tloit jias rtre, 
jHinr 1«*H !iLjni»< I'n««»i<»-riiiii.ii<»'s, intiTimn* a vA\\t rlalilit* jNuir les 
nirnKt«< li'lri^ramnH's iniiisiiii< |iar Ifs caMfs lU* |u Sturu'Ui Trle- 
^nii*liiiint*. Vfiii- \W Vla<livi»*<tiK'k. 

Ihiiis li* cas on )M*nilaiit la itun'*«* <!•* la pn'Sfntc CiiiivtMition la 
laxr snr \v^ laMi-s tli* la Smit'ir T«'li';:rajihinnf «|iit n»lii*iil K»s |MirLA 
tilt Slianiihai. F^NKJinw. Aiiit»v. «•! IIniiL»-Knii^ anx !i;;n«*«s IiU*^M*.s 
stTuit n''j|uitr i"»nr If* l«-l«'painin»*^ t'i'liani:i*s iMiin* tout** hi < 'hiiie 
t IIi»n;:-Ki»iit; y tMiujiri" ft I'Knn'jM-. --i If> ims sitn*'s uu <li*la *le 
rKnn»|»«-. la t'liiiif s\»iiu^ii:»' .i niiniif sinmltuiKinent vl ynixr Ic 
lut'-Mif np*ntant sfs ta\f»* l^Tiiiinali's i-i .K* tran'«it jNiur li*'* int'nieH 
trlrLrninmits tran<nii*« par If- 1ilmi»'s tfm*strfs Ku<.mi rhinoiscft. 

I^"* tax*"* ttaMif'* |N-ui |i-«» i-nrii"<i)Niii4innrfH i*iitn.*Li Iius»<it*i*t la 
diiiit* H'aila|it<'nt nnii|nfni«-nt a l.i i'*iiTi*<]NiiiiLint'i* ftrt*i*tivi*iii«;iit 
Or ha n :;«'•* fnin* Irs lirux Ktat^ vtusin-*, i*t la r<>m*.*(|M»niiiiiice 
Chinni-if-KnnnH-i'iiiK' n<*|>«'Ut I'.wt'ln' n*l«K*^T!ii»hir«' au nn'iue taiix 
par h*> auvn(N'*< paitimlii-iv^ nu U-^ parti<-nluTs anx Matiiiiis iiit<*r- 

AHTMLK VIII. 

l/eup'i:i'*tren»i'iit *\v la ii»m'?*("»ii'tainv ihmA Irii livn-s el U 
n'vi^iitii ili's ni»(< riptiith'* .luia Iumi ji>uni«*llfnifiit. par til t«'li»- 
grapliiipif. rntrv V-^ rtatii'ii-* vnism.-. ilfi 1i^ir-.'» ijiii ^rruiit nnvor- 
iliV^. cMufonut-ini'iit ;\ lArti* li* II. 

Ia* r>-;:lfnii*iit «lfs i"i.iiipt»H -'fflftH -Infra a r«*xpiratinii ile c)iM4|iie 
nioi.s. ft Ic '*«iMf tifvm fin- pavi- ,i Tifiit.sin ilan** h- eiiuraiit ties 
21 jiiurH \\\\\ ^uivri'iit !•■ innis tt\hpifl ■ c* ^miMi- «m* rap|ii>rt«'. 

Iitf9 tflc^'rainnu's I'liii'tTunnt U* reclvnieiit Atcs coiuptet. faiiaiit 

369 



No. 59.] CHINA AND RUSSIA. [Aug. U. 1^^* 

[Jnnotion. TcUcraph LIims.] 

partie de la correspondance de service, seront transuiis en fran- 
chise. 

Le mois sera calcuIiS suivant le calendrier Eurupeeu. 

ARTICLE IX. 

l^es imiementH seront effectu^ en taels Hongping. Le cx^nrs est 
Hx^ de la fagon suivante: 4 fr. 25 c. equivalent k un dollar 
Mexicain et cent dollars Mexicain Equivalent k 70 taels Hongping. 

ARTICLE X. 

Les presentes stipulations seront mises a execution k partir du 
jour de leur signature et denieureront en vigueur jusqu'au 31 
D<5cenibre, lti02. 

En foi de quoi les Representants des Hautes Parties Contrac- 
tantes ont sign<5 la prEsent^ Convention et y ont appos^ leurs 
sceaux respectifs. 

Fait k Tientsin en douze exemplaires, dont trois en langue 
Russe, trois en langue Mantchoue, trois en langue Chinoise, et 
trois en langue Franc^aise. Des quatre textes, dftment confrontes 
et trouvc^s concordants, le texte Fran<jais fera foi pour I'interpr^ta- 
tion de la prEsente Convention. 

I^ 13 Aoftt, 1892, correspondant au quatrieme jour de la 
septiinie lune de la dix-huiti^me annde du r^gne de Kouang-su. 

(LS.) COMTE CASSINI, F Envoys Extraordinaire 

et Ministre Pl^iipotentiaire (le Russie, 
(L.S.) COMTE Llje Commismire Imp&rial Premier 
Grand Secretaire d'Etat, Vice-Hoi de la 
province du Tchd-li. 



363 



Ort. 10. 18fr4.] rUINA ANDSPAIV. [Mo. 60. 



(No. 60.) TliKATY **/ Atnity, Citmm*'rrf^ mnl Xnrujntifm 

}h / //■» * // t *h tilt I uml SjMnn. »sV///* rtf lit Tit'ii - Tfiiu , ( hUJIter 1 0, 

(I'miislHtionj 
PrramUf. 

ARTICLK I. 
/V/iff nnil Frieniljuhip, 

TiiRKR sliall rniitiiiiK* to (>xist |H'rf(Tt |»ea(v and amity U'tweeii 
Her Majc*Hty the (^uei'ii of Sjiaiii and His Majesty tlie Kniperor of 
China. 

Pmtfrtwn oj Pfrs»ms and Prtfj^rty 

and iln» ivN|NM'iive snbje<-tfi of the Hi^h ('ontnu-tiii^ Parties 
shall r«*ri))nM'ally enjoy the most complete ami full prot«n:tion in 
their |»ersons and |»n»i>erty. 

AKTICLE II. 

Af»^»*'itfOnrnt of IhpUimntxf AtjrntA. Pnrilfijfs and ImmuHtiirA. 
K/^jhttM-s f/ Mijutiff/i to hr- luTftr hy SjnttiM Gorrmmmt. 

[Similar to (;rt*at Britain. No. 6. ArtA. II and III.] 

AimCLK III. 

Ftffilnm "J Sjynih*]i /Pijtfi'tnfftff' A^t^ttt.* tn Trarrf, Prr^utt nfui 
Tra nsm i a<I' '/* of ^ * 'rrr^n mdfwr. prm l^gtA to Cot* ri^rs. 

[Similar to Gn-at Britain, No. 6. Art, IV.] 

ARTICLE IV. 

Apptnntntrnt "f t t»n»\ih. l!*ink, }f'*si-fttt'*'ttrfd-nntio» Trtniment. 
i\'mwuvxrnt\ovji f'fttrtrn i^msnU and iliinfM Autkor\tii$» 
Fortujn f'nnsids, non-tro.i.r^. m"y net im Sfianuth Omstds 

[Sinnl.ir to (treat Britain. No. 6. Art. VII. with the following 

adtlition.] 

(\fnsnls to l>€ non^tradert. 

The i»aid fiiiicti«»iiari*-« mu««l U* oflfiri-rs of the S|iani«h (ff»vem- 
m«'iit. and iiiiid hy it. anil muM not U* traders. 

At j»orts ('f ni» ;!re;ii inf-rantde im|»'rUinro to Sjiain. the 
S|»:tiii*ih (fovernment shall lie at Iilx-rty to place tlieir < on-Hulate 
in the Itand.'* of the (Jonsul *4 another luuou, pruvtJ«d he he not a 
tnder. 

364 



No. aO.] CHINA AND SPAIN. [Oct, 10, 1864. 

[Oommero*, Ao.] 

ARTICLE V. 

Ports open to SpanisJi MerrJuiat Vrsiif.ls. 

It is aj^'it^ed that the merchant ves.s<?lH of Spain shall lie allowed 
t4» fre<pient the following jwrts: — Xiu-chuang, Tien-Tsing, Chi-fu, 
Saiig-hay. Ning-jx), Fu-chau, Kniuy, Tainan-fu, and Tam-siii in 
tht^ Iftlandof Fonnasa ; (Janton,Sua-tuu, Chiung-chon,in the Island 
of Hainan ; Chin-ehiang, Hang-kou, and Kiu-Kiang in the River 
Yang-tse-kiang, and Nanking. 

Freedom of Trade in (vpen Ports ; nnd to build or reiU Houses, Ijeeise. 
Liiiuis, and huild Churches, HospitaU, and Cemeteries, 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XL] 

ARTICLE VL 
Rfliyioiis Tol*Tation. Chinese Protection to Christian Religion. 

Inasmuch as the Christian religion inculcates the practice of 
virtue, and teaches men to <io unto others as they would that 
others should do unto them, those jHjrsons who teach or profess it 
shall Ik? entith'd to the protection of the Chinese authorities, an<l 
shall nrither he j)ei"secuted nor molest^id, so long as they prosecute 
their mission iKjacefully and do not contravene the laws. 

ARTICLE VI I. 

Freed nm to travrl in China triih Pussiyorts. Spanish Sid>jecis not 
having Pass^Mtrts to l>e stnt to nearest Consul. Crews of Ships 
ejcepted. Passes not to be t/iven to places in /insurrection, 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. IX, with the following 

addition.] 

l'af^s}M)its shall not l»e issued for any places in i*el)ellion against 
the Government until peace shall be re-established. 

ARTICLE VIIL 

Afjnemrnts/tfr frase of LandA for building Chur^hts, ^x., to be made 

equitably, 

WluMM'ViT a Sjiiinish subject may Ih» desirous of building or 
o|H*nihg store-houses, churches, hospitals, or cemeteries, in a jMjrt 
or other l«Kality, the contracts for the purchase or hire of such 
prnjHTlies shalf l»e etfi*cted uiH»n the conditions most generally in 
u^^e anmngst the Chinese jM'oph*. acconling to ecpiity and without 
payment nf any imixjst by any o! the |>arties. It must Ikj under- 
st<MMl that only in ]>orts oi^t^ueil Uy commerce will permission be 
gi\en for the establishment of store-housen. 



C)ot. 10. 1»{4.] <!U1NA AND SPAIN. [No. 60. 

i^Oommsitw, Ac. J 

.VKTKLK IX. 

Milt mil riikplntfnn lit uf t'fiinfst' ntui tSfHtjiish Shhjrr/s. 

Tlic ( 'liiiic^c (rdvcriiiiirnt will imt place any o)ivtai*li* in the 
w;iv '»!" S|iani'»li sulijiM-ts riiijiluvinL: < 'liiiit»si' su)iji*rts in any Icj^ti- 
niati* «ircii|i;ttinn : u|h)|i tlic sanii* |irini'iiili*. <Miini*Mf su)ij(H:ts may 
lake Sjutnisli snlyi'cis into llit-ir I'niplny. 

ARTiri.K X. 

I/in' ' >f ( 7/ / w*' v" lAthif 1/ n rs fnr Sjnt n ish i*olnu i*'x, • 
>'«/•/ Y/i/ZiT nj Ihj%»rt*'rs mul t'th^rs. 

I hMiiiiN. o) jH'iNons wliii lia\f 1mh-ii i*npiv:i*<l a^jainst t)ii*ir will. 
raiiUKt In< (akrn . it ^^ui-li a i asr .sliniiM (k'ciii\ the IinhI nutlidritv 
.•^liall apply t^i tiit* Citnsul tn rftiiin tlifiii. 

AirricLK XI. 

I/trr itf Ii**tit> /'•«/• ri » II r^ I// / ;j r#- i>f i\t nji * . */• / '# ».<s#' /i //# rs. Mi » /i# »y *#/ »/ 
fitrfmlil* li. Pinn.'Oimt'nt fur (^"iitrti^Miwf. 

[Sanu* as CJn-at Britain. No. 6. Art. XIV.] 

AKTICLK XII. 

»Sy kinish f'on.<tt/*irJuri^hrtinn « » » yf- N^ »* / /i i.<h Sti hjrrts in fVtina f w 

f'n'ii f'*i .<••> . Jiinstlirtmn in /Pi.y i n /«-.< htu'*» n Sjntnush niui 

Fi'i'' ti/ii Snfi/'i't'i. Juriitfiftion in /'*/.<*.< in vhuh ilnnfj^ Suh- 
ject> If If jHirtiiS. 

'Similar to <irtat Britain. No. 6. An. XVII, with the 

fi>IlnwiitL' li^lilition.] 

All matters nf Ciintrf'Vfrsr whii.h mav t*cc\\r in China liotwecn 
the sulip'ets nf Spain anti thf -".uljti-ts tif anothtT ton-i^^i r«»wer 
shall U* .settled in an-nnianri* with the stipulations «if the Treatica 
exi.'«(in^ l»etwti'n Spain ami tin- <*aiil Pnwer. witlitpiit any int«'r\'en- 
tinn mi the jiart i>f tii*- ('hini">«* anthoiitifs Kut it' ('hint*.Hi* huI»- 
jp«*ts U» niixi'l Mp ill tli»*^.- • ••iitr'-vii^it -. thi* Iih-.iI authority shall 
tak*' part in llieJuiiiiM.il pp-4««iiiii;^'«i. an in the eaM'.s pnivideii for 
iu Articles XIII an«l XIV 

AKTICLK XIII. 

Chituu Crtwinnl.i f«T hf pun^sh^i! hy f'hmr.t^ Avthnrxtus, and 
Spun }»h f V? hi \wi'i ^'V Sj»»ih ijUi a nth'Txtu*. 

[Similar to (treat I'ntain. No. 6. Art. XVI, with the f<>Ili>wiiiK 

a^iiliti'iii/ 

In th** «'a.*e nf pravp r.fVen. rk. «iu«ii ik^ li«imii iiii*. rol-U-ry with 
^•1. -.i<^ WMiitiii<«. att*'mpti> :k;::i;n^t Iiti-. aix'ii. tVi .. ih«* r*ften«ier, 

* KX'fy ^itmi h? Arti-I« I "f ( Df»iion of 17th NaT9oth«r, 1*«77 (Mo. 61) 

3<^« 



No. 60.] CHINA AND SPAIN. [Oct. 10, 1«H. 

[Oommeroe, Ac] 

after tlie proper invostijjatioii shall have taken place, shall be fur- 
wan led to j^iaiiilla, there to 1k^ punished accordin<^ to the laws of 

AKTICLE XIV. 

Disputes bi'ticccn Chinrat' muf >y>^////.sA Suhjects, Consular 

JurimUdion. 

[Similar to Ort»at Britain. No. 6, Art XVII.] 

ARTICLE XV. 

PrUi'dion of SjHnivih Suhjtd.'i and Property, Puninhment far 

ifijh'ct of duty. 

[Similar to CJreat Britain, No. 6, Art. XVIII.] 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Pre rent ion of Pi mry, Ptt n »W/ nun t for neylfd of duty, 

[Sin)ilar to CJreat Britain, No. 6, Art. XIX. with the following 

addition.] 

If tln» Chin<».<M» auth<»rity, whose dnty it may 1)6 to appn»hend 
the oflriidfrs and re^'over tlie pn»i>erty, sh<mld fail toiiosn, ht* shall 
U* punished arc'or*iin^ to Chinese law, but he shall not be obliged 
to make g«Hjd the loss. 

ARTICLE XVII. 
Wr*ih.% i)t?. PrvtatifU and ajtsistanrr to t%-nr, 
[Similar to (treat Britain. No, 6, Art. XX.] 

ARTICLE XVIIL 

So rrendt'r tf ( 7* incse ( Vim inafs. 

Anv rhinese subjret \*ho mav have ei>mmitted a crime. an<i 

* * 

w1;m may in any Chin«*.'*e poll hav*» s<iu^ht a.sylum in the house of 
a Spanish subjfCt, or (»n Utaid a Spanish vt'ssel. shall, so far trom 
Ikmii*; reeeivi'd ami ennei'ah'd. In? haiitlcd ovtT to the Chinese 
aiithi>ritit'S. u|Min thr lalttT < laimin«4 him tVum the S}»ani.^h Consul 
\\ht» may be e>tal>Iishe«l at the port. 

Surrrnd* r if Sjta n i.sh A -^ rtrr^f. 

In tilt* s:ime wav. if anv Siianish s:iilnr ar sailors should desert 
fnun his nr tiirir Vf»s<.d. and take n-fu;:** in any Chinese house, or 
I'll iHianl aii\ < liincst* ship, thr hn^al authority. u|Min nTeivin«; the 
ji|l«!it'atioM ii\' Iler Talhtdie Msijfsiy's Aii«*nt, shall, without ln<s <»f 
imii*. taki* the nf<vs.«iary stt'i»s for difceoverinjx the fuj,'itive, and, 
^Ull•n aiii*ste<l. shall deliver him over to the aforesaid Ajjent of the 
sp.uii^h (rovernmonL 

?yiu 2 n 



Oct. 10, 1804.] CHINA AND SPAIN. [No. 60. 

[Commerce, Ao,"] 

ARTICLE XIX. 

CJdnese and Spanish Fraudulent Debtors, 

[Similar to Great Britain, No, 6, Art. XXIL] 

ARTICLE XX. 

Tonnage Ihtes, Certificaie of EocevijHion. 

[Similar to Great Britain, No, 6, Art. XXIX, with the following 

. addition.] 

For the execution of this Article it is to be understood that the 
tonnage admeasurement is to be calculated according to the English 
standard. 

ARTICLE XXL 

Impart and Export Duties, Most-favoured-natian Treatment, 

[Similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXIV.] 

ARTICLE XXIL 

Import Duties due on landing ; and Export Duties on Shipment o/ 

Goods. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXV.] 

ARTICLE XXIIL 

Revision of TaHffa^id of Commercial Articles of Treaty. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXVIL] 

ARTICLE XXIV. 

Transit Duties, Inland Trade, 

A Spanish merchant who may bring to a port goods purchased 
at an inland market, or transport to an inland market goo<1s 
coming from a port, shall have the option of freeing them from all 
transit dues by paying a single charge, according to the stipulations 
of Article VII of the Commercial Convention in force for other 
nations. 

[Other Clauses similar to Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXVIIL] 

ARTICLE XXV. 

Certificates on payment of Tonnage Dues. 

Any Spanish vessel that may be despatched from one opea 
port in China to another such port, or to Hong Kong or Macao, 

368 



Mo.ea] CHINA AND SPAIN. [Oct. 10, 1864. 

[Oomin«ro«, 4k^] 

shall be entitled to receive a Custom House certificate which will 
exempt it from a fresh payment of tonnage dues during a period of 
four mouths reckoned from the date of its despatch. 

ARTICLE XXVL 

Spanish Vessels not having broken hulk, and leaving within 48 hours, 

not liable to Duties, 

[Similar to Portugal, No. 46, Art XXIII.] 

ARTICLE XXVII. 

Boats used for conveyance of Merchandise, Passengers, (tc, free front 

Tonnage Duties, 

[SimUar to Portugal, No. 45, Art XXIV.] 



ARTICLE XXVIIL 

Erection of Lighthouses, Buoys, and Beacons, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXIL] 

ARTICLE, XXIX. 

Duties to he paid in Sycce Silrer or Foreign Coin, 

[Same as Portugal, No. 45, Art XL] 

ARTICLE XXX. 

Standard Weights and Measures to he deJivcred to Consids, 

In order to ensure uniformity in weights and measures, and to 
avoid confusion, the Superintendent of Customs shall hand over to 
the Consul at each of the oi>en jwrts, the standards furnished to 
the Canton Custom House by the otlice of Public Rents. 

ARTICLE XXXI. 

Employment of Pilots, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXXV.] 

ARTICLE XXXIL 
Custom-House Guards, 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXXVL] 

'MO 2 1^ 2 



Oct. 10, 1864] CHINA AND SPAIN. [No. 60. 

[Conuneroe, Ac,'] 

ARTICLE XXXIII. 

Ddivcinf of Ships* Papers to Spcuiiish Con^il Pemdtiiis for itefjlcct 

and gioifu/ false Manifest. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXVII.] 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 

Disclmrge of Ship, Penalty for discJiarging vnthout pei*mis$ion. 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XXXVIIL] 

ARTICLE XXXV. 

Goods shipped or landed wWumt Permits liable to Confiscation. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art XXXIX.] 

ARTICLE XXXVL 
Permits necessary for tixin^shipinent of Goods, 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XL.] 

ARTICLE XXXVIL 

Certificate of Payment of Port Dues. 
[Same as Great Ikiiain, No. 6, Art. XLL] 

ARTICLE XXXVIIL 

Mode of levying ad valorem Duties. 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Ai-t. XLIL] 

ARTICLE XXXIX. 

Duties to be charged on Net Weight, Mode of settling Tare, 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XLIIL] 

ARTICLE XL. 

Peduction of Duty on damaged Goods, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XLI V.] 

370 



No. 60.] CHINA AND SPAIN. LOct. 10, 1864. 

[Commorott, Ac.'] 

ARTICLE XLI. 

Re'Crportation of Goods, 

Every Spanish mercliant who, after having imported goods 
into any of the open ports, and paid the corresponding duties, may 
snheequently be desirous of re-exporting them, may ask permission 
of the Superintendent of Customs, who, with tlie view of prevent- 
ing fraud, shall direct his otHcers to ascertain whether the dutiea 
paid on the aforesaid goods, as shown in the Custom House books, 
correspond with those demanded, and wliether the goo'ls retain the 
original marks. If, in the said examination, the Custom House 
discovers any fmud, the goods may be coniiscated by the Chinese 
Government 

When this requirement has been attended to, tlie Spanish 
mercliant shall, upon re-exporting foreign goods for a foreign port, 
or for a Chinese port, be entitled to a certificate of import duties 
which he has paid. 

When, within the term of one year, any Chinese product is re- 
exported to a foreign country, the Spanish merchant shall be 
entitled to a certificate of the amount of charge paid for the said 
article, under the head of Coasting Trade. 

Tlieae certificates shall be received at the Custom House of the 
port where they have been issued in payment of import or export 
duties. 

Foreign grain which may have been brought to any of the ports 
of China by a Siwinish vessel, can be re-exj)ortud without difficulty, 
if no part of it has been unloaded. 



ARTICLE XLIL 

Prevention of Fraud and Smvggling. 

[Same as Great Britain, No, 6, Art XLVL] 

ARTICLE XLHL 

Intrrcourse with non-ajyen Ports forbidden. Vessels and Cargo liahU 

to Conflstntiun. 

Spanish merchant vessels can only frequent those ports of 
China which in this Treaty have been declared oi)ened for com- 
merce. They are conse<|uently prohiiiited from entering other 
porti<, and likewise from carrying on clandestine trade on the 
coasts of China or of the Yaiig-Tse-Kiang ; vessels which infringe 
this regulation shall, with their cargoes, l)e liable to confiscation by 
the Chinese Government 



371 



Oct. 10, 1864] CHINA. AND SPAIN, UNO- 60. 

[CoxnxxLeroe, Ac."] 

ARTICLE XLIV. 

Coasting Trade, Draidbacks, 

[Similar to Belgium, No. 21, Art. XXXIV, with the following 

addition.] 

If a Spanish merchant should, witliin the term of one year, 
re-export to a Cliinese port on the coast, Chinese products pro- 
ceeding from some other port on the same, he shall be entitled to 
a certificate showing the amount of coasting trade dues paid (which 
is half that of the taiifl' (hities) and shall not be required to pay 
any export duties at the time of loading ; but at the time of un- 
loading the said goods at the port of debarkation, he must pay 
again half the amount of the tarift' duty. 

ARTICLE XLV. 

Smuggling. Confiscation of Cargo. 

[Similar to Portugal, No. 45, Art XLIV.] 

ARTICLE XLVL 

Penalties and Confiscations to belong to Chinese Government, 
[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. XLIX.] 

ARTICLE XLVII. 

Trade of Chiiuse with Philvjrpine Islands. Most-favoured-nation 

Treatment, 

Chinese merchant vessels, witliout limitation of number, shall 
be at liberty to trade with the Philippine Islands, and shall he 
treated as those of the most-iavoured nation. Should Spain here- 
after concede any fresh advantages to the merchants of another 
nation, Chinese merchants shall enjoy them like the merchants of 
the most-favoured nation. 

ARTICLE XLVIII. 

Facilities to Spanish Ships of War, 

[Same as Great Britain, No. 6, Art. LIL] 

ARTICLE XLIX. 

Conveyance of Provisions, Arms, ami Munitions of War to Chinese 
Rebels and Pirates forbidden. Confiscation of Vessel and Cargo, 

No Spanish merchant or vessel may carry to rebels or pirates, 
any kind of provisions, arms, or munitions of war. 

*? T O 



No. 6a] CHINA AND SPAIN. [Oct 10, 1864. 

[Oomia«rott, Ac.] 

In case of contravention, the vessel and her cargo, shall be con- 
fiscated, and the offencler shall U^ delivered up to the Si)anish 
Government to be punished with the utmost wverity of the law. 

AKTICLE L. 

MoM -favoured-nation Treatment to Sjmnvih Government aiul Subjects. 

There shall l)e extended to the S[)anish Government and to 
Spanish subjects whatever advantages and immunities may be 
either now or hereafter conceded by the Chinese Goveniment to 
any other nation, be it what it may ; and in eveiy respect Spain 
shall be treated in tlie Celestial Empire as the most-friendly and 
most-favoured nation. 

ARTICLE LI. 

Official Correspondence to he in Spanish and Cliinese. 

Tlie official correspondence sent by the Spanish Diplomatic 
and (*()nsular Agents to the Chinese authorities shall be written 
in the Spanish language and shall be accompanied by a translation 
in Chinese. 

Treaty to be signed in S^xtni^iJi and Chinese, Each Nation to he 

guided hy its own Text. 

The present Treaty shall likewise be written out in Spanish 
and Chinese, with the two texts oy)p(>site to ciich other, and each 
nation shall be guided by the version written in its own language. 

Forms of Official Correajmndence, 

The forms of the official correspondence between the Spanish 
and Chinese authorities sliall Ikj n»gulated acconling to the rank 
and jx)8ition of the corrcsiM)ndeiits, on tlie basis of the most i>erfect 
r<»ciprocity. l^tween the high Spanish functionaries and the high 
Chinese functionaries in the capit^d or elst'where, the corres- 
pondence shall be in the form of despatch or note (chau-juei); 
between Spanish subaltern functionaries and the cliief j)rovincial 
authorities, the form of statement (sheu-cheu) shall Ihj used in 
respivt to the tii*st and in resiH»ct to the latter, that of declara- 
tion (chau-shingj, and the otiier subaltern officers of the two 
nations, are to write to each other on terms of i>erfect e<juality. 

Correspondence of No n -official Persons, 

Merchants, and in genend all individuals hoMing no official 
rank, shall in addressing the Chinese authoricies, use the form of 
a Representation (ping-cheu). 

Whenever a Spanish subject may have to apply to the Chinese 
authority of a district, he must fiist of all take his application to 
the Consul, who, if he finds no ol>jection, will have it delivei*ed; in 
the contniry case, he will direct that it be written in other terms, 
or refus*» U) transmit it. In like manner, if a Chinese sul»jeot has 
to aj>ply to the Consul of Spain, he can only do so through the 
Chinese authority, who will proceed in the same manner. 

373 



y T !7 l^zrl I HIXA AND SPAIX. [KO- 61. 

[Cliffif It BaucrmtioB to Cuba.] 



ARTICLE LIL 

The Ri::rica::>n5 of the present Treaty, on the part of Her 
ilajestjr tlie yuera ■_•: .Sj^ii'j. aiiJ of His Majesty the Emperor of 
(liinLi.VrKiIl U' rx:::vin^Tr; a: Tiea-Tsin or Sliang-hay within one 
Vfar reckond t*r».'in ::.e diue wl.en it is signed. 

Whtn the n:iii«.a:ioas !iav^ been exchanged, the Chinese 
Government will give inf«>rji:iti'>n of the Treaty to the superior 
authorities of iJl t!:e pr»viiic>rs, in order that they may carry it 
int*^ c«>miile:e ex^r>?u:i''»ii- 

lu witness whtTf •! the re^i-»t-:tive Plenip«>tentiaries have signed 
aiivl sealed the i-rtStriit Tieaiy in quadruple at Tien-Tsin, the 10th 
«»r Octol-er. 1S64. 

<L.>.) SIXIBALDO DE MASL 
:LS.; TCHUNG-HO. 
SHIE-JOAN. 

[Tliis Treuy was ratified, and the ratifications exchanged in 
the usuiU form.] 



(No, 6L) COyVEXT/Oyb'Stcyn China nnd Spain, for regulating 

tiw Emifjmtu'n or ChintA' SuoJtiU to Cuba, Signed cU Peking, 
17 th yu(rm(*f'r, 1877- 

[Kat ideation exchanged at Peking. December 6, 1878.J 

(Translation.) 

His Majesty the King of Spain and His Majesty the Emperor 
of China, desiring to esta!>lisli on a new l>asis the emigration ot 
Chinese subjects to the Ishuid of Cul»a.and avoid aU complications 
wliich might hereafter arise, have named their respective Plenipo- 
tentiaries as follows: 

His ilajesty the King of Spain. IKm Carlos Antonio de EspaSa, 
his Minister PleniixUentiarv in China, Annam and Siam, Grand 
Cr«>s3 of the Koyal Onler of Isiil>el the Catholic, Knight of the 
Orders of St. John of JerusaWm, and of the Netherland Lion, &c.; 
and 

His ilajesty the Emperor of China their Excellencies Sh^n, Mao, 
Tung, Ch'eng, and Hsia, Members of the Tsung-h Yamen, who have 
agreed to the following : — 

ARTICLE I. 

The High Contracting Powers agree that the emigration 
of Chinese subjects according to contract, referred to in Arricle X 
of the Treaty signed atTien-tsin the 10th of October, 1864 (No.60>, 

374 



No. 61.] CHINA AND SPAIN. [Nor. 17, 1877. 

[Ohlnese Emigration to Cuba.] ' 

is to be discontinued. Only that stipulation of the said Article 
which refers to the delivery of deserters, criminals, and accused to 
the autliorities is to remain in force. 



ARTICLE II. 

The difficulties which had occasioned the application of the 
dispositions of the Treaty of Tien-tsin having disappeared in what 
relates to emigration, both Governments renounce their rights to 
any pecuniary indemnity. 

ARTICLE IIL 

Tlie High Contracting Parties agree to consider that in 
future the emigration of their respective subjects, wliether or not 
they be accompanied by their families, is to be free, and reprove 
any act of violence or deception committed at ports in China or 
elsewhere for the purpose of inducing C/hinese subjects to leave 
their country against their will. Both Governments engage to 
prosecute and rigorously punish any contravention of the above 
stipulation, and to submit to their respective laws the persons and 
the vessels who violate it. 

The Government of His Majesty tlie King of Spain offers to that 
of China to treat the Chinese subjects now in Cuba, or those who 
may go there hereafter, as the subjects of the some standing of the 
inost-favoured foreign nation. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The Government of His Majesty the Emperor of China 
Ttill allow in every port of the Empire open to foreign trade the 
shijunent of emigrants who, on their own account, go to the Island 
of Cuba. It binds itself to offer no impediment to the free emigra- 
tion of its subjects, and to forbid the port authorities, and alx)ve 
all the Taotais of the Custom Houses, to raise any difficulties 
regarding the freight and aiTangements of the vessels destined 
for transporting Chinese passengers, whatever their flag may be, 
nor to hinder the work of the shippers, consignees, and agents pro- 
vided they act in conformity with the stipulations of the present 
Convention. 



ARTICLE V. 

It is understood that the Taotais of the Custom Houses and 
other Chinese authorities of the ports open to trade have the right 
to ascertain, personally, if the emigration takes place in accordance 
with the spirit and letter of the present Convention. 

The Taotais of Custom Houses will have printed passports, and 
will grant them to the emigrants who desire to be shipped. These 

375 



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AEnCLE VIL 
CWiuhf^t pM\f'y^^ may leave the Island of Cubft when not 

lU'Muif'M, ill oH<rr t// facilitate the free circulation and the estab- 
IMiint'jti hi r'hifi^rvj Hntfy'.cu in Ciiha, and that they may enjoy 
iUi% ttifUlft (/nmUj/J hy Art.iclrj III of the present Convention, the 
Hpiifimli (#ov«;riirii<;nt, iu r;onjunction with the Eepresentative off 

370 



No. 61.] CHINA AND SPAIN. [Not. 17, 1877. 

[Chinese Emiflratlon to Cuba.] 

China at Madrid, or the authorities of Havana, in conjunction with 
the Chinese Consul-General, will establish regulations whicli, with- 
out being at variance with existing municipal laws or with those 
which may exist hereafter, may assure to the Chinese subjects the 
same treatment as that which is granted to the subjects of the most 
favoured nation. Spanisli authorities will besides gmnt to Chinese 
subjects a ticket (boletin de circuladon) similar to those which are 
granted to other foreigners. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Chinese subjects will have the right to apply to Spanish 
Courts to defend or to assert their rights, and in this respect they 
will enjoy the same privileges as the subjects of the most favoured 
nation. 

Chinese subjects will have the right to be accompanied to a 
Court by lawyers or interpreters, Spanisli or foreign, who, in accord- 
ance with Spanish law, may be qualified to assist at the hearing of 
the tribunals, and they may be named by the Chiuese Consuls 
resident in the Island of Cuba. 

The complaints which the Chinese subjects residing at present 
in the Island of Cuba may present relating to ill-treatment asserted 
to have been suifered prior to the date of the ratification of the 
present Convention, will be examined by the Spanish Courts, and 
equitably judged as if the matter related to subjects of the most 
favoured nation. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The competent authorities of the Island of Cuba and the Ohinese 
Consul-General at Havana will establish, as soon as possible, con- 
jointly, regulations for the Chinese emigrants at present residing 
in Cuba, and for those which may arrive hereafter, to which they 
must conform in order to obtain a certificate of their inscription at 
the Chinese Consulates. 

The Consuls will grant them a certificate of matriculation, which 
will be vis(5 by the chief of the police or any other competent 
authority of the district, city, or plantation of the place where the 
emij^rant establishes himself. 

The authorities of Cuba will give detailed information to the 
Chinese Consuls regarding the number and the names of Chinese 
existing in diflferent localities of the island, and will facilitate the 
means necessary for personally ascertaining the condition of Chinese 
contracted as workmen in the different plantations. 



ARTICLE X. 

The shipment of emigrants is to take place only through 
vessels confynning to the stipulations of this Convention, and to 
the rides esUiblished in respect tx) ti-ansport arrangements, provi- 

377 



Xo^. 17. 1877] CHINA AND SPAIN. [No. 61. 

[Chinese Emiflrration to Cuba.] 

siouing, and sanitary regulations required by the laws of the 
country. 

ARTICLE XL 

The Government of His Majesty the King of Spain, anxious to 
prove its friendship and good wishes to his Majesty the Emperor of 
China, agrees to repatriate, at its own expense and so soon as the 
present Convention is ratified, persons who formerly had a literary 
occupation in China, as also those who had official 8tandin<r, and 
the members of such families? wlio may at present be in the Island 
of Cuba. Such a return to their native country will be eflfiected in 
accordance with the facts furnished by Chinese Consular A<g^ents 
duly verified by the Spanish authorities. Old men who, on account 
of age, are unable to work, and who petition to return to China, as 
well as Chinese orphan girls who desire to return to their country 
will be repatriated in like manner. 

ARTICLE XIL 

The Spanish Government will compel the masters of Chinese 
emigrants, whose contracts are terminated, to re-ship them to their 
native country in accordance with what they have stipulated, and 
to fulfil their engagements with the emignints. 

Regarding those who, having terminated their contract, have no 
right to demand their return to their country at the expense of their 
masters, and have no means to do so, the local authcrities, in con- 
junction with the Chinese Consular Agents, will adopt what measures 
they may think best for their return. 

The immigrants at present residing in the Island of Cuba, whose 
contracts are terminated, will receive as soon as this Convention is 
in force, a certificate wherein it will be stated that they have fulfilled 
their contracts. They will enjoy all the advantages granted to 
Chinamen by virtue of the regulations mentioned in Article VII of 
the present Convention, and they may at their will either remain in 
or leave the Island of Cuba. 

ARTICLE XIIL 

The authorities of the Island of Cuba may, if necessary, and 
notwithstanding the above-mentioned regulations, forbid the circu- 
lation and the residence of Chinese subjects in districts where they 
may think proper, if they consider that too many persons in a 
particular locality may be prejudicial to public health. In this case 
the local authorities will act towards Chinese subjects as they would 
towards any other foreigners, and wiir inform the Chinese Consul of 
their decision. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Workmen who have still duties to perform in conformity with 

378 



M0.6L.I ^ CHINA AND SPAIN. [Not. 17, 1877, 

[Chlnose Smigratlon to Cuba.] 

their contni(*ts must fulfil them, enjoying, however, respectinjcj 
certificates, &c., the siiuie advantages •jjrantcd to their countrymen 
newly arrived, or who have terminated their contracts. Begaixlini; 
Chinese subjects detained in the dejiots of the Government of the 
Island of Cuba, liberty will be granted them so soon as this 
Convention is in fonie, documents will be givtMi to them as pro- 
vided for in the regulations, and they will l>c treated as other 
Chinamen. 

From this clause are excepted those who are in the prisons 
of the (foverument in fulfilment of a sentence or in virtue of an 
accusation. 

ARTICLE XV. 

The Government of His Majesty the King of Spain and the 
Government of His Majesty the Kuiperor of Cliina agree that if 
either think proper to modify any of the clauses of tlie i)re8ent 
Convention or to annul them, negotiations f(»r this j)urpose will not 
take place till one year after one of the High Contnicting Parties 
has notified its desiix) to do so. It is also agreed that if in future 
the Chinese (iovernment grants to anv other Tower advantages not 
mentioned in the present Convention, as reganls the emigration of 
Cliinese subjects, these advantages will be also gninted to the 
Spanish Government 

ARTICLE XVL 

The present (*(»nvention shall 1k.» mtified, and the ratifications 
exchangi'd at IVkin witliin eight montlis or sooner if i)ossil)le. 

Signed at Pekin in duplicate in Spanish, French and Chinese, 
the cojiies c(mipared and found to agn»e have l)een signed and 
seale<l by the rcsj>ective l*lcnijH)tentiarics the 17th of November, 
1877. 

(L.S.) CAPJ.OS A. I)E ESPASA. 

(L.S.) ISHEN, MAO, TUNG, CHENG AND HSIA. 



379 



Mar.20,1817.] CHINA AND SWEDEN AND NORWAY. [No. 62. 

[Conuneroe, Ac] 



(No. 62.) TREATY of Peace, Amitij, and Commerce hetweeit 
Sweden and Ncyi'way, and China, Sujned at Canton, March 
20, 1847.* 

[Accepted and confirmed by Sweden, October 28, 1847.J 

Pi^cavible. 

ARTICLE I. 

Peace and Friendsliip, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art I.] 

ARTICLE IL 

Import and Export Duties, Most-favmi red -notion Treatment. Fees, 

&c., abolished. Modification of Tariff. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Ait. IL] 

Fees and charges of every sort are wholly abolished, and tlie 
oflBcers of the lievenue who may be guilty of exaction shall be 
punished according to the laws of China. 

ARTICLE IIL 

Ports open to Subjects and Commerce of Stceden and Norway, 
Fraudulent Trade vnth no)\^02)en Poits, Confiscation of Vessels 
and Cargoes. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art IIL] 

ARTICLE IV. 

Appointment of Consuls, Coi^respandcnce hetween Consuls and 

Chinese Aui/writics, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Ait. IV.] 

ARTICLE V. 

Freedom of Import and Export, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. V.] 

• "State Papem." VoL 66. Pago 1097. 



380 



Ho. 62.] CHINA AND SWEDEN AND NORWAY. [ Mar. K), 1847. 

[Commerce, Ac] 

AKTICLE VI. 

Shij)8' Papers to be lodtjed with the Consuls, Tonnage Dues, 

[Same as United States, No. 68, Art. VI.] 

ARTICLE VII. 

Non-payment of Tonnage Dues on Boats can trying Passengers, &e. 
Tonnage Dues to he paid on Surdisli and Xorurgian Cargo Boats, 
hut not on Boats hired fnwi Chinrsc, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. VII.] 

ARTICI^ vrii. 

Liberty to engage Pilots. Hire of tiervants, &c, 
[Same as United States, No. 63, Art VIII.] 

ARTICLE IX. 

Custom House Officers on hoard Surdi^ and Nonceginn Vessels, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. IX.] 

ARTICLE X. 

Ships* Pap€)*s to he deposited within 48 hours. Forfeit if re of Cargo 
discharged. Vessels tearing icithin 48 hours, without breaking 
bulk, not liable to Dues, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. X.] 

ARTICLE XI. 

Examination of Cargo by Customs Ojfirers. Di.^putes to be referred 

to Consuls irithin 24 hours, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art XL] 

ARTICLE XIL 

Weights and ^feasures to he delivered to Consuls. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XIL] 

ARTICLE XIIL 

Payment of Tonmge, Imfxyrt, and Erjhtrt Dutie.n. Port Clearances. 
Duties to be jxtid in i<yeee Sdver or Foreign Money. Transit 
Dues. 

[Same as Unitetl Stat<*H. No. 63, Art XIIL] 

^81 



M»r.20,1847.] CHINA AXD SWEDEN AND NORWAY. lNo. 62. 

[Commerce, &c.] 

AKTICLE XIV. 

Trans-shipment of Goods, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XIV.] 

AKTICLE XV. 

Exclusive Trade with Hong Merchants aholidud. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art XV.] 

AKTICLE XVL 

Chifiese Government not rcsponsihlc for Dchts of Chinese Sid>jects 

Consu la r Jn risdict ion. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art XVL] 

AKTICLE XVIL 

Subjects of SwrAen and Norway free to hire Houses, TVarehoti^s, 
tfcc, atid to htdld Iwuscs, tCr., and Honpitals, Churches, and Ceme- 
tenes. Landing of Merchants, cfcc, at Jive Forts. Limits heyotid 
which they cannot go, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art XVIL] 

AKTICLE XVIIL 

Permission to learn Chinese Language and PurcJuise Books. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art XVIIL] 

AKTICr^ XIX. 

Protection of Subjects of Sweden and Noruxiy, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XIX.] 

AKTICLE XX. 

Re-exportation to otJier Ports. Frauds on Chinese Government. 

Conjiscation tf Goods. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XX.] 

AKTICLE XXI. 

Jurisdiction, Crimes, Cltinese to he punished by Chinese Authorities, 
and Swedish and Norwecfian Subjects by tlieir Consul. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art XXI ] 

382 



No. 62.] CHINA AND SWEDEN AND NORWAY. [Miir.20,1817. 

[Coxnxneroe, &c.] 

ARTICLE XXII. 

Freedom of Trade ivithjive Ports in case of War hctvjeen China and 
a Foreign Poioer, and with Ports of Bellyjcrcnt Powers. Swedish 
and Norwegian Flag not to protect Enemies Vessels. Confiscation 
of Offending Vessels, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XXII.] 

ARTICLE XXIIL 

Consuls to send yearly Returns to Chinese Authoi*ities of Swedish and 
Noi^egian Shipping, and amount of Import and Ejrport Trade, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XXIIL] 

ARTICLE XXIV. 

Communications of Swedish ami Norwegian Subjects with Chinese 
Authorities to he sent through the Consul y and of Chinese with 
Swedish and Norwegian Cirnsul through Chinese AutJvorities, 
Controversies to he settled hetween respective Authm^ities, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XXIV.] 

ARTICLE XXV. 

Mights of Swedish and Norwegian Suhjects. Consular Jurisdiction. 
Chinese Authorities not to interfere in Controversies hetween Swe- 
dish and Norwegian Suhjects and Suhjects of other Governments, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XXV.] 

ARTICLE XXVI. 

Merchant Vessels of Sweden and Norway. Consular Jurisdietion. 
Chinese Government not responsible for Injuries by Suhjects of any 
Foreign Power, Punishment of llohbers and Pirates, Bestoration 
of Property recovered, Chinese Government not respcmsible for 
Property not recovered, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art XXVL] 

ARTICLE XXVII. 

Wrecks. Protection of Persons and Property, 
[Same as United States, No. 63. Art XXVIL] 

ARTICLE XXVIII. 

Embargo on Vessels and Property prohibited. Non-seizure or De- 
tention for Public Service, 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XXVIIL] 
^ o8a 2 



]Cv.»,l^'.: i:HISA. ASD sXTDZy ASZ XORWAT. JSo. BL 



a:;ti :le xxix. 

-rA/i A t», .S'*^. / 'A/ A . a "^1 .? ' •' r -v* . * .>' . > • u ** -i *. £ Sjr^j y. O-.-^*-^ i* - a r 

[Sume as Ua::**! Sraie?. Ho. 63, Art. XXIX] 

AETICXE XXX. 

[Same aa UniUErd State;. Ho. 63, Art. XXX.] 

ABTICTE XXXI. 

Corre^pcmdeiux heivreen Govfrnm^nt of Sicedcn and Xorway and 

OjoM of Ch ina. 

[Same as United States, Ho. 63, Ait XXXL] 

ARTICLE XXXn. 

IrUeramrse leiifff^n Commanders of Sicedish and Xoricegxan Ships of 

War and Superior Load Authoritits. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XXXIL] 

ARTICLE XXXIIL 

Clandestine Tra/h with Non-open Ports, and in Opium and Contra- 
band Articles, to be dealt with by Chinese Authorities 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art. XXXIIL] 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 

Modification of Treaty after 12 years from date of Treaty. 

[Same as United States, No. 63, Art XXX IV.] 

In faith whereof, we, the respective Plenipotentiaries of the 
United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway and of the Ta Tsiug 
Emj)ire as aforesaid, have signed and sealed these presents. 

J)ono at Canton the 20th day of March, in the year of our Lord 
JoHiis (Jhrist 1847, and of Taou Kwang the 27th year, 2nd month, 
and 4tl) day. 

(L.S.) C. F. LTUEWALCH. 
(L.S.) TSI-YENG (in Manchu). 

[Here followH the Tariff of Duties to be levied on Imported and 
Exported Merchandise at the five Ports.] 

384 



No. 63.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [July 3, 1844. 

[Commerce, Ac."] 



(No. 63.) TREATY of Peace, Amity, ntid Cowme/rce^ between the 
United States of America and tlie Td Tsing Empire {Ckina) 
Signed at Wdng-ghid, July 3, 1844.* 

rreamhle, 

ARTICLE I. 
Peace aad Friendship, 

There shall be a perfect, permanent, universal peace, and a 
sincere and cordial amity between the United States of America 
on the one part, and the Ta Tsing empire on the other part, and 
between their people, respectively, without exception of persons or 
places. 

AETICLE 11. 

Import and Export Duties, Most-favourcd-nation Treatment, Fees, 

&c,, abolished. Modification of TaHff, 

Citizens of the United States resorting to China for the puri)oses | 
of commerce will pay the duties of import and export prescribed in 
the tariff, which is fixed by and made a part of this Treaty. They 
shall in no case be subject to other or higher duties than are or 
shall be required of the people of any other nation whatever. ^ Fees 
and charges of every sort are wholly abolished ; and officers of the 
revenue, who may be guilty of exaction, shall be j)unished accord- 
ing to the }aws of China. If the Chinese Government desire to 
modify in any respect the said tariff, such modifications shall be 
niade only in consultation wnth consuls or other functionaries 
thereto duly authorized in behalf of the United States, and with 
consent thereof. And if additional advantages or privileges, of i 
whatever description, be conceded hereafter by China, to any other 
nation, the United States, and the citizens thereof, shall be entitled 
thereupon to a complete, equal and impartial participation in the 
same. 

AETICLE IIL 

Ports open to Citizens and Commerce of United States. Fraudulent 
Trade with Non-open Ports. Conflation of Vessels and Cargoes. 

The citizens of the United States are permitted to frequent the 
five ports of Kwangchow, Amoy, Fuchow, Ningpo, and Shanghai^' 
and to reside with their families and trade there, and to proceed at 
pleasure with their vessels and merchandise to and from any 
foreign port and either of the said five ports, and from either of the 
said live ports to any other of them. But said vessels shall not 
unlawfully enter the other ports of China, nor carry on a clandestine 

• This Treaty ii no longer in force, but it is inserted as still being of historioal 

interepi. 

385 2 c 2 



July 8, 1844.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [No. 63. 

[Conuneroe, Ac] 

and fraudulent trade <alonc( the coasts thereof. And any vessel 
belon<^n«jj to a citizen of tlie UnitcMl States which violates this pri>- 
vision, shall, with her cargo, be subject to contiscation to the Chinese 
Government. 

ARTICLE lY 

AppointmoU of Consuls. Corrcspondfiice between Consuls ami 

Chinese Authorities. 

For the superintendence and regulation of the concerns of the 
citizens of the United States doing business at the said five ports, 
the Government of the United States may appoint consuls or other 
officers at the same, who shall be duly recognised as such by tl»e 
officers of tlie Cliinese Government, and shall hold official inter- 
course and correspondence with tlie latter, either personal or in 
writing, as occasions may require, on terms of equality and reci- 
procal resi)ect. If disrespectfully treated or aggrieved in any way 
by the local authorities, said officers on the one hand shall have 
the right to make representation of the same to the superior officers 
of the ChinCvSe Government, who will see that full inquiiy and strict 
justice be had in the premises ; and, on the other hand, tho saitl 
consuls will carefully avoid all acts of unnecessary oflence to, or 
collision with, the officers and people of China. 

ARTICLE V. 

Freedom of Import and Export. 

At each of the said five ports, citizens of the United States law- 
fully engaged in commerce shall be permitted to imiK)rt from their 
own or any other ports into China, and sell there, and purchase 
therein, and export to their own or any other jiorts, all manner of 
merchandise, of which the importation or exportation is not pro- 
hibited by this Treaty, paying the duties which are prescribed by 
the tariff hereinbefore established, and no other charges whatso- 
ever. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Ships* Papers to be lodged with the Consuls. Tonnage Dues, 

Whenever any merchant- vessel belonging to the United States 
shall enter either of the said five ports for trade, her papers shall be 
lodged with the consul or person charged with affairs, who will 
report the same to the Commissioner of Customs ; and tonnage duty 
shall be paid on said vessel, at the rate of 5 mace per ton, if she be 
over 150 tons burden ; and 1 mace per ton, if she be of the burden 
of 150 tons or under, according to the amount of her tonnage, as 
specified iu the register ; said payment to be in full of the former 
charges of lueasurement and other fees, which are wholly abolished. 
And if any vessel, which having anchored at one of the said ports. 

386 



No. 63.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [July 3, 1844. 

[Commerce, Ac] 

and there paid tonnage duty, shall have occasion to go to any others 
of the said ports to complete the disposal of her cargo, the consul, 
or person charged with afl'airs, will report the same to the Com- 
missioner of Customs, who, on the departure of the said vessel, will 
note in the port clearance that the tonnage duties have been paid, 
and report the same to the other Custom Houses; in which 
case, on entering another port, the said vessel will only pay duty 
there on her cargo, but shall not be subject to the payment of ton- 
nage duty a second time. 

AETICLE VII. 

Nan-payment of Tonnage Dues in Boats conveying Passengers, &c. 
Tonnage Dues to he paid on Aniencan Cargo-boats, but twt on 
Boats hired from Chinese, 

No tonnage dufcy shall be required on boats belonging to citizens 
of the United States, employed in the conveyance of passengers, 
baggage, letters, and articles of provision, or others not subject to 
duty, to or from any of the five ports. All cargo boats, however, 
conveying merchandise subject to duty, shall pay the regular ton- 
nage duty of 1 mace per t(m, provided they belong to citizens of 
the United States, but not if hired by them from subjects of China 

AETICLE VIII. 

Liberty to engage Pilots, Hire of Servants, &c. 

Citizens of the United States, for their vessels bound in, shal 
be allowed to engage pilots, who will report said vessels at the 
passes, and take them into port ; and, when the lawful duties have 
all been paid, they may engage pilots to leave port. It shall also 
be lawful for them to hire at pleasure, servants, compradors, lin- 
guists, and writers, and passage or cargo boats, and to employ 
labourers, seamen, and persons for whatever necessary service, for 
a reasonable compensation, to be agreed on by the parties, or settled 
by application to the Consular Ofiice of their Government, without 
interference on the part of the local officers of the Chinese Govern- 
ment. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Cvstom Ilmise Officers on board American Vessels. 

Whenever merchant-vessels belonging to the United States 
shall have entered port, the Superintendent of Customs will, if he 
see fit, appoint Custom House officers to guard said vessels, who 
may live on board the ship or their ow^n boats, at their convenience ; 
but provision for the subsistence of said officers shall be made by 
the (Superintendent of Customs, and they shall not be entitled to 
any allowance from the vessel or owner thereof ; and tliey shall be 
subject to suitable punishment for any exaction practis( d by them 
in violation of this regulation. 

387 



July 3, 1844.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [No. 63. 

[Coxnxneroe, Ac] 

AmiCLE X. 

Ships Papers to he deposited within 48 hours. Forfeiture of Cargo 
discharged untliout Permit, Duties to he paid only on portion of 
Cargo discharged. Ve^sscls leaving within iS hours, without break- 
ing hulk, not liable to Dues, 

Whenever a merchant-vessel belonging to the United States 
sliall cast anchor in either of the said ports, the supercargo, master, 
or consignee, will, within 48 hours, deposit the ship's papers in the 
hands of the Copsul,or person charged with the affairs of the United 
States, who will cause to be communicated to the Superintendent 
of Customs a true report of the name and tonnage of such vessel, 
the names of her men, and of the cargo on board ; which being 
done, the Superintendent will give a permit for the discharge of 
her cargo. 

And the master, supercargo, or consignee, if he proceed to dis- 
charge the cargo without such permit, shall incur a fine of 500 
dollars ; and tlie goods so discharged without permit shall be sub- 
ject to forfeiture to the Chinese Government^ But if the master 
of any veasel in port desire to discharge a part only of the cargo, it 
shall be lawfid for him to do so, paying duties on such part only, 
and to proceed with the remainder to any other ports. 

Or, if the master so desire, he may, within 48 hours after the 
arrival of the vessel, but not later, decide to depart without break- 
ing hulk ; in which case he will not be subject to pay tonnage or 
other duties or charges, until, on his arrival at another port, he 
shall proceed to discharge cargo, when he will pay the duties on 
vessel and cargo, according to law. And the tonnage duties shall 
be held to be due after the expiration of said 48 hours. 



ARTICLE XI. 

Examination of Cargo hy Customs Officers, Disputes to he referred to 

Consuls within 24 hours. 

The Superintendent of Customs, in order to the collection of the 
proper duties, will, on application made to him through the Consul, 
appoint suitable officers, who shall proceed, in the presence of the 
cai)tain, supercargo, or consignee, to make a just and fair examina- 
tion of all goods in the act of being discharged for importation, or 
laden for exportation on board any merchant-vessel of the United 
States. And if disjmte occur in regard to the value of goods subject 
to an ad valorem duty, or in regard to the amount of tare, and the 
same cannot be satisfactorily arranged by the parties, the question 
may, within 24 hours, and not afterwards, l)e referred to the said 
Consul to adjust vv'ith the Superintendent of Customs. 



388 



Ho. 63.] CHINA AND UNITED 8TATB& [Julj 8, 1844. 

[Oommeroa, Ac] 

ARTICLE XII. 
Weujfhts and Me^nureR to he delivered to Consult. 

Sets of standaixl balances, and also weights and measures, duly 
l)rej>ared, stanii)ed and sealed, acconling to the standard of the 
Cubtoni House at Canton, shall be delivered by the Superintendents 
of Customs to the consuls at each of the five jwrts, to secure uni- 
formity, and prevent confusion in measures and weights of mer- 
chandise. 

ARTICLE XIIL 

rnj/ment of Tonnage^ Imptrrt, and Ex]x)rt Duties. Port Clearances. 
Dutii's to be paid in Sycec Silver or Foreign Moiuy, Transit Dues, 

The tonnage duty on vessels belonging to citizens of the United 
States shall l)e jwiid on their being admitted to entry. Duties of 
imiMirt ^<hall be paid on the discharge of the gcKxls, and duties of 
export on the hiding of the same. When all such duties shall have 
\ ecu paid, and not l)efore, the Sujwrintendent of Customs shall give 
a ]M>rt clearance, and the Consid shall return the ship's papers, so 
that she may depart on her voyage. The duties shall be jmid to 
the shrofls authoriztHl by the Chinese^ Goveniment to receive the 
same in its behalf. Duties payable by merchants of the United 
Stall's shall be receivtHl either in sycee silver or in fon»ign money, 
at the nile of exchange as ascerUiined by the regulations now in 
U^vvv. Anil imported goods, on their resale or transit in any part 
of the empire, shall l»e subject to the imiK)8ition of no other duty 
than they are accustomeil to pay at the date of this Treaty. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

IVansJiipment of Goods. 

No goods on board any merchant-vessel of the United States 
in jMirt ai*e to be transhipi)t»d to another vessel, unless there be 
particular <K'casion therefor ; in which case the occasion shall lie 
ceriitiiHl by the consul to the SuiH»rintendent of Customs, who may 
aj^Miiiit otficcrs to examine into the facts, and jwrmit the tnmship- 
nu'iit. And if any goo<]s Ik? transhii»i»iMl without such application, 
ini[niry, and jK^rmit, they shall be 8ubje(!t to be forfeited to the 
Chint:je Government. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Ej elusive Trade with I/img Merchants abolis/ted. 

The f(»rm«*r limitation of the tra<le of foR»ign nations to certain 
jKTsons apiM>intcd at Canton by the Government, antl commonly 
tiilh'd hong merchants, having been abolisluil, citizens of the 
Viiilcd JSlates, engaged in the purchase or side of goods of import 

389 



July 3, 1844.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [No. 63. 

[Commerce, Ac] 

or export, are admitted to trade with any and all subjects of China, 
without distinction ; they shall not be subject to any new limita- 
tions, nor impeded in their business by monopolies or other injurious 
restrictions. 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Cimiese Government not responsMefor Belts of Chinese Svhjects. 

Consular Jurisdiction, 

The Chinese Government will not hold itself responsible for 
any debts which may hai>pen to be due from subjects of China to 
citizens of the United Slates, or for frauds committed by them ; 
but citizens of the United States may seek redress in law ; and on 
suitable representation beinj^ made to the Chinese local authorities, 
through the consul, they will cause due examination in the pre- 
mises, and take all proi)er steps to compel satisfaction. But in 
case the debtor be dead, or without property, or have absconded, 
tlie creditor cannot be indemnified, according to the old system of 
the co-hong, so called. And if citizens of the United Stjites be 
indebted to subjects of China, the latter may seek redress in the 
same way through the consul, but without any responsibility for 
the debt on the part of the United States. 

ARTICLE XVIL 

Citizrns of United States free to hire HmtseSy Warehxnises^ ^r., and to 
build Houses, ^-c, arid ITusj^itals, Churches, and Cemeteries. 
Landing of Merchants Sec, at five Ports, Limits beyond which 
they cannot go. 

Citizens of the United States, residing or sojourning at any of 
the ports open to foreign commerce, shall enjoy all proper accom- 
modation in obtaining houses and places of business, or in hiring 
sites from the inhabitants on which to construct houses and places 
of business, and also hosi)itals, churches, and cemeteries. The local 
authorities of the two Governments shall select in concert the sites 
for the foregoing objects, having due regard to the feelings of the 
people in the location thereof; and the parties interested will fix 
the rent by mutual agreement, the proprietors on the one hand not 
demanding any exorbitant price, nor the merchants on the other 
unreasonably insisting on particular spots, but each coiiducting 
with justice and moderation. And any desecration of said ceme- 
teries by subjects of China shall be severely punished, according 
to law. 

At the places of anchorage of the vessels of the United States, 
the citizens of the United States, merchants, seamen, or othei"8 
sojourning there, may pass and repass in the immediate neighbour- 
hood ; but they shall not, at their pleasure, make excursions into 
the country among the villages at large, nor shall they repair to 
public marts for the purpose of disposing of goods unlawfully and 
in fraud of the revenue. 

390 



No. 63.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [July 3, 1844. 

[Commerce, &o.] 

And, in order to the preservation of the public peace, the local 
officers of Government at each of the five ports, shall, in concert 
with the consuls, define the limits beyond which it shall not be 
lawful for citizens of the United States to go. 

ARTICLE XVIII. 

Permission to learn Chinese Languagey and purchase Books, 

It shall be lawful for the officers or citizens of the United 
States to employ scholars and people of any part of China, without 
distinction of persons, to teach any of the languages of the empire, 
and to assist in literary labours; and the persons so employed 
shall not, for that cause, be subject to any injury on the part eitlier 
of the Government or of individuals ; and it shall in like manner 
be lawful for citizens of the United States to purchase all manner 
of books in China. 

CHAPTER XIX.* 

Protection of Citizens of United States, 

All citizens of the United States in China, peaceably attending 
to tlieir affairs, being placed on a common footing of amity and 
good will with subjects of China, shall receive and enjoy, for them- 
selves and every thing appertaining to them, the special protection 
of the local authorities of Government, who shall defend them from 
all insult or injury of any soit on the part of the Chinese. If their 
dwellings or property be threatened or attacked by mobs, incen- 
diaries, or other violent or lawless persons, the local officers, on 
requisition of the Consul, will immediately despatch a military 
force to disperse the rioters, and wUl apprehend the guilty indi- 
viduals, and punish them with the utmost rigour of the law. 

ARTICLE XX. 

Re-exportaiion to other Ports. Frauds on Chinese Govem/ment, 

Confiscation of Goods. , 

Citizens of the United States who may have imported mer- 
chandise into any of the free ports of China, and paid the duty 
thereon, if they desire to re-export the same, in part or in whole, 
to any other of the said ports, shall be entitled to make application, 
through their Consul to the Superintendent of Customs, who, in 
order to prevent frauds on the revenue, shall cause examination to 
be made by suitable officers, to see that the duties paid on such 
goods as entered on the Custom House books correspond with the 
representation made, and that the goods remain with their original 
marks unchanged, and shall then make a memorandum in the port 
clearance of the goods, and the amount of duties paid on the same, 

• See alao Treatj 18th June, 1858. (No. 64.) Art. XXIX. 

3yi 



Julj 3, 1841] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. CNo. 68. 

[Commerce, 4tc.] 

and deliver the same to the merchant ; and shall also certify the 
f;icts to the officers of Customs of the other porta All which being 
done, on the arrival in j>ort of the vessel in which the goods are 
laden, and every thing being found on examination theie to corres- 
pond, she shall be permitted to break bulk, and land the said goods, 
witliout being subject to the payment of any additional duty 
tliereon. i5ut if, on such examination, the Superintendent of 
Customs shall detect any fraud on the revenue in the case, then 
the goods shall be subject to forfeiture and confiscation to the 
Chinese Government 

AKTICLE XXL 

Crimes. Chinese to he puvisJied hy Chinese Authorities^ and United 

States Citizens hy tlieir Consul. 

Subjects of China, who may be guilty of any criminal act 
towards citizens of the United States, shall be arrested and punished 
by the Chinese authorities according to the laws of China ; and 
citizens ,of the United States, who may commit any crime in China, 
shall be subject to be tried and punished only by the Consul, or 
other public functionary of the United States thereto authorized, 
according to the laws of the United States. And in order to the 
prevention of all controversy and disaffection, justice shall be 
equitiibly and impartially administered on both sides. 

ARTICLE XXIL 

Freedom of Trade with five Ports in case of War hetween China and 
a Foi^eiyn Power, and vjith Forts of Belligerent Powers, United 
States' Flag not to protect Enemies* Vessels. Confl8cati<m of 
offaidiny Vessels, 

Relations of peace and amity between the United States and 
China being established by this Treaty, and the vessels of the 
United States being admitted to trade freely to and from the five 
ports of China open to foreign commerce, it is further agreed that 
in case, at any time .hereafter, China should be at war with any 
foreign nation whatever, and for that cause should exclude such 
nation from entering her ports, etill the vessels of the United 
States shall not the less continue to pursue their commerce in 
freedom and security, and to transport goods to and from the 
ports of the belligerent parties, full respect being paid to the neu- 
trality of the flag of the United States : provided, that the said 
flag shall not protect vessels engaged in the transportation of 
officers or soldiei*s in the enemy's service ; nor shall said flag be 
fraudulently used to enable the enemy's ships with their cargoes 
to enter tlie ports of China ; but all such vessels so off*ending 
shall be subject to forfeiture and confiscation to the Chinese 
Government. 



392 



No. 63.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [July 8, 1W4. 

[Comxneroe, ftc] 

AETICLE XXIIL 

Consuls to send yearly Seturns to Chinee Authorities of United 
Stales Shipping, and Amount of Import and Export Trade. 

The Consuls of the United States at each of the five ports open 
to foreign trade shall make, annually, to the respective Governors- 
General thereof, a detailed report of the number of vessels belong- 
ing to the United States which have entered and left said ports 
during the year, and of the amount and value of goods imported or 
exported in said vessels, for transmission to and inspection of the 
Board of Eevenue. 

AETICLE XXIV. 

Communications of United States Citizens ivith Chin-ese AxUhorities 
to he sent through the Consul, and of Chinese with United States 
Consul through Chinese Authorities. Controversies to be settled 
between respective Authorities, 

If citizens of the United States have special occasion to address 
any communication to the Chinese local officers of Government, 
they shall submit the same to their Consul, or other officer, 
to determine if the language be proper and respectful, and the 
matter just and right ; in which event, he shall transmit the same 
to the appropriate authorities, for their consideration and action in 
the premises. In like manner, if subjects of China have special 
occasion to address the Consul of the United States, they shall 
submit the communication to the local authorities of their own 
Government, to determine if the language be respectful and proper, 
and the matter just and right ; in which case the said authorities 
will tmnsmit the same to the Consul or other officer for his considera- 
tion and action in the premises. And if controversies arise between 
citizens of the United States and subjects of Cliina, which cannot 
l)e amicably settled otherwise, the same shall be examined and 
decided conformably to justice and equity by the public officers of 
the two nations acting in conjunction. 

AETICLE XXV. 

Rights of United States Citizens, Consular Jurisdiction, Chinese 
AutJiorities not to interfere in Controversies between United States 
Citizens and Subjects of other Governments, 

All questions in regard to riglits, whether of property or person 
arising between citizens of the United States in China, shall be 
subject to the jurisdiction, and regulated by the authorities of their 
own Government ; and all controversies occurring in China between 
citizens of the United States and the 3ubjects of any other Govern- 
ment shall be regulated by the Treaties existing between the 
United States and such Governments respectively, without inter- 
ference on the part of China. 

393 



Julj 3, 1844.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [No. 63. 

[Conunerce, Ac,} 

ARTICLE XXVI. 

Merchant Vessels of United States. Cofisular Jurisdiction, Chinese 
Government not responsible for injuries by Subjects of any Foreign 
Power. PunishmeiU of Robbers and Pirates, Restoration of 
Property recovered, Chinese Governmeni not responsible for 
Property njot recovered. 

Merchant-vessels of tlie United States, lying in the waters of 
the five ports of Cliina open to foreign commerce, will be under the 
jurisdiction of the ofiicers of tlieir own Government; who, with the 
masters and owners tliereof, will manage the same without control 
on the part of China. For injuries done to the citizens or the 
commerce of the United States by any foreign Power, the Chinese 
Goverinnent will not hold itself bound to make repamtion. But if 
the merchant- vessels of the United States, while within the waters 
over which tlie Cliinese Government exercises jurisdiction, be 
plundered by robbers or pirates, then the Cliinese local authorities, 
civil and military, on receiving information thereof, will arrest the 
said robbers or j)irates, and punish them according to law, and will 
cause all the property which can be recovered to be placed in the 
liands of the nearest Consul, or other officer of the United States, 
to be bv him restored to the true owner. But if, bv reason of the 
extent r)f territory and numerous population of China, it should, in 
any case, happen that the robl^ers cannot be apprehended, or the 
property only in part recovered, then the law wUl take its course 
in regard to the local authorities, but the Chinese Government will 
not make indemnity for the goods lost. 

ARTICLE XXVII. 

Wrecks, Protection of Persons and Property, 

If any vessel of the United States sliall be wrecked or stranded 
on the coast of China, and be subjected to plunder or other damage, 
the proper ofhcers of Government, on receiving information of the 
fact, will immediately adopt measures for their relief and security ; 
and the persons on board shall receive friendly treatment, and be 
enabled at once to repair to the most convenient of the free ports, 
and shall enjoy all facilities for obtaining supplies of provisions 
and water. And if a vessel shall be forced, in whatever way, to 
take refuge in any port other than one of the free ports, then in like 
manner the persons on board shall receive friendly treatment and 
the m(3ans of safety and security. 

ARTICLE XXVIII. 

Embargo on Vessels and Property prohibited. Non-seizure or 

Detention for Public Service, 

Citizens of the United States, their vessels and property, shall 
not be subject to any embargo ; nor shall they be seized or forcibly 

394 



No. 63.] CHINA AND rXITBD STATES. [Julj 3, 1841. 

[Coznmeroe, Ao,] 

detained for any pretence of the pnlilic sen'ice ; but they shall l)e 
Buffered to prosecute their connuerce in ([uiet, and without mt»le«ta- 
tion or embarrassment. 

ARTICLE XXIX. 

Apprehension and delivery of United States Mutineer.^ mul Deserters, 
Ckiiiese Criminals to be delivered up to Jiistiee. Merehants, Sea- 
vun, aiul Citizens of United States, Consular Jurisdiction. 

The local authorities of the Chinese Government will cause to 
be apprehended all mutineers or deserters from on lK)ard the 
vessels of the United St ites in China, and will deliver them up to 
the consuls or other oHici*rs for jiunishment And if criminals, 
subjects of China, tiike relu^'e in the houses or on board the vessels 
of citizens of tlie Tnited Slates, thev sliall not 1k) harboured or 
concealed, but sliall be delivered up to justice, on due retjuisition 
by the Chinese local olhcers addressed to those of the Uniteil 
States. 

The merchants, seamen, and other citizens of the Unite<l States 
shall l)e under the suj)erintcnilence of the aj>pn)priate otlicers <'f 
thi*ir Goveriunent. If individuals of either natiuu commit acts of 
violence and disorder, use arms to the injury of others, or create 
disturi)ances, endan^^ering life, the otlicers of the tw(» (Jovernmenta 
will exert themselves to enforce order, and to maintain the public 
peace, by doing impartial justice in the preniises. 

ARTICLE XXX. 

Correspondence between 0//;s///>j a)ul Chinrse Autlwrities, Presents 

not to be d' manded. 

The superior autliorities of the UnitiMl States and of China, in 
corn*s{M)nilin«^ to«^etlier, sliall do so in terms of <»(juality, and in the 
fi»rni of mutual connnunication {ehdn-hwui). The consuls, and the 
local otlicers, civil and military, in corresjM)nding toj^ether, shall 
liki»wise employ the style and form of mutual c<»mnniniciition (ehdu 
hu'ui). When inferior otlicers of the one (iovernment addivss 
8uj)erior otlicers of the other, they shall do so in the style and fonn 
of memorial {sit in ehin), rrivate individuals, in adtlressing suiH'rior 
otlicers, shall employ the style of j>etition (pin ehimj). In no ease 
shall any terms or style l>e sulVered which shall 1k3 olfensive or 
disres|»ectful to either party. And it is ai;n»e<l that no presents, 
ninl»*r any pretext or form whatever, shall ever Ik? demanded of 
the L'nited States by China, or of China by the United States. 

ARTICLE XXXL 

Cttrr»spond''nre Mxceen United States Government and Court of 

Ch ina. 

Communicationfl from the ("overnment of the United States to 



Julj 3, 1844] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [No. 63. 

[Coxnxneroe, fto.] 

the Court of China shall be transmitted through the medium of 
the Imperial Commissioner charged with the superintendence of 
the concerns of foreign nations with China, or through the Governor- 
Generdl of the Liang Kwang, that of Min and Cheh, or that of the 
Liang Kiang. 

AKTICLE XXXIL 

Iivtercourse betiveen Covwiandcrs of United States Ships of War and 

Su2)eria7* Local Authorities, 

Whenever ships of war of the United States, in cruizing for 
the protection of the commerce of their country, shall arrive at any 
of the ports of China, the commanders of said ships, and the 
superior local authorities of Covernment, shall hold intercourse 
together in terms of equality and couitesy, iu token of the friendly 
relations of their respective nations. And tlie said ships of war 
shall enjoy all suitable facilities on the part of the Chinese Gt)veni- 
ment in the purchase of provisions, procuring water, and making 
repairs, if occasion require. 

ARTICLE XXXIIL 

Clandestine Trad^. with n/m-open Ports, and in Opium and Contraband 
Articles, to he dealt with by Chinese Government. 

Citizens of the United States, who shall attempt to tnide 
clandestinely with such of the ports of China as are not open to 
foreign commerce, or who shall trade in opium or any other contra- 
band article of merchandize, shall be subject to be dealt with by 
the Chinese Government, without being entitled to any countenance 
or protection from that of the United States; and the United 
States will take measures to prevent their flag from being abused 
by the subjects of other nations, as a cover for the violation of the 
laws of the empire. 

ARTICLE XXXIV/ 
Modificaiion of Treaty after 12 years. Batijications, 

Wlien the present Convention shall have been definitely am- 
eluded ; it shall be obligatory on both Powers, and its provisions 
shall not be altered without grave cause ; but, inasmuch as the 
circumstances of the several poits of China open to foreign com- 
merce are different, experience may show that inconsiderable 
modifications are requisite in those parts which relate to commerce 
and na\'igation ; in which case the two Governments will, at the 
expiration of 12 years from the date of said Convention, treat 
amicably concerning the same, by the means of suitable persons 
nppointed to conduct such negotiation. 

And, when ratified, this Treaty shall be faithfully observed in 
all its parts by the United States and China, and by every citizen 

396 



No. 6t] CHINA AND ITNITRD STATES. [June 18. 1868. 

[Coiiixiiero«, 4ko.] 

and subject of each ; and no individual State of the United States 
can appoint or send a minister to China to call in question the 
provisions of tlie same. 

The present Treaty of Peace, Amity, and Commerce, shall be 
ratified and approved by the President of the United States, by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by. the 
august Sovereign of the Tii Tsing empire, and the Katificetions 
shall be exchanged within 18 months from the date of the signature 
thereof, or sooner if possible. 

In faith whereof, we, the respective Pleni[)otentiaries of tlio 
United States of America, and of the Ta Tsing empire, as aforesaid, 
have signed and sealed these presents. 

Done at Waug-ghia, this 3rd day of July, in the year of our 
Lonl Jesus Christ, 1844, and of Taou Kwang, the 24th year, 5th 
month, and 18th day. 

(LS.) C. CUSHING. 
(LS.) TSIVENG. 

[Here follows the Tariff of Duties to l>e levicvl on Imported and 
Exported Merchandise at the five Ports of Canton, Amoy, Fuchow, 
Niugpo, and Shanghai]. 



(No. 64.) TliEATV of Pntre, Fnr)uhhip,(nul Commnre hrtwmi 
Chiivt ami the. United StiU*\'i.-^'Sijaal at T'u n-Tsin, June 18, 

1«58.» 

[Ratified by the EnqKjror of China, July 3, 1858. See No. 65.] 

Prramble. * 

ARTICLE I. 

Peair and Friendship, 

There shall bo, as there have always been, peace and friendsliip 
betwjvn tla* United States of America and the Ta-Tsing Empire, 
and brtween tlioir |)eople, res[H*ctively. They shall not insult or 
(>j»|>re.ss each other for any trifiing caUvSe, so as to produce an 
estrangement between them ; and if any other nation should act 
unjustly or oppressively, tlie Uniteil States will exert their gocnl 
ollices, on lK.nng infonne<l of the c;w^e, to bring alnnit an amicable 
arrangement of the question, thus showing their friendly feelings. 

ARTICLE IL 

Orvjinah of Treaty to be kept at Peking and Washington, 

In order to peqx^tuate friendship, on the exchange of ratifica- 
tions by the President, with the advice and consent of the Striate 
of iIm* I'nitet I States, and l»y His Majesty tlie Emperor uf China, 
this Treaty snail be kept and secretly guinled in this way, viz. : 

* See a1«o CoDTention 8th N«»Tf>mh<*r, lH.>H (Ho. 65). \m^ 412. 

3^7 



June 18, 185S.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [No. 84. 

[Comxneroe, Ao,] 

The original Trnaty, as ratified by the President of the United 
States, shall be deposited at Peking, the capital of His Majesty the 
Emperor of China, in charge of the Privy Council ; and, as ratified 
by His Majesty the Emperor of China, sliall be deposited at Wash- 
ington, the capital of the United States, in charge of the Secretary 
of State. 

ARTICLE III. 

PuUicatiun of Treaty, 

In order that the people of the two countries may know and 
obey the provisions of tliis Treaty, the United States of America 
agree, immediately on the exchange of ratifications, to proclaim 
the same and to publish it by proclamation in the Gazettes where 
the laws of the United States of America are published by 
authority ; and His Majesty the Emperor of China, on the exchange 
of ratifications, agrees immediately to direct the publication of the 
same at the capital and by the Governors of all the provinces. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Correspondence between United States Diplomatic Representative and 

Chinese Government and Autlwrities, 

In order further to perpetuate friendship, the Minister or Com- 
missioner, or the highest diplomatic representative of the United 
States of America in China, shall at all times have the right to 
correspond on terms of perfect equality and confidence with the 
officers of the Privy Council at the capital, or with the Governors- 
General of the two Kwangs, the provinces of Fuhkien and Cheh- 
kiang or of tlie two Kiangs ; and whenever he desires to have such 
correspondence wuth tlie Privy Council at the capital, he shall have 
the right to send it through either of the said Governors-General 
or by the general post ; and all such communications shall be sent 
under seal, which shall be most carefully respected. The Privy 
Council and Governors- General, as the case may be, shall in all 
cases consider and acknowledge such communications promptly and 
respectfully. 

ARTICLE V. 
Residence of Minister of United States and Suite, 

The Minister of the United States of America in China, when- 
ever he has business, shall liave the right to visit and sojourn at 
the Capital of His Majesty, the Emperor of China, and there confer 
with a member of the Privy Council, or any other high officer of 
equal rank depute^l for that purpose, on matters of common interest 
and advantage. His visits shall not exceed one in each year, and 
he shall complete his business without unnecessary delay. He shall 
be allowed to go by land or come to the mouth of the Peiho, into 

398 



No. 64-] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [June IS, 185S. 

[Commeroe, Ao.^ 

which he shall not briiifj ships of- war, ami he shall iiif(»riii the 
aiithoiitii»s at that place in onlcr that hoat.s may he jn-ovided for 
him to go on his journey. He is not to take advantage of this 
8tii)iilation to re<[uest visits to the capital on trivial occasions. 
Whenever he means to proceed to the ca))iUil he shall communicate, 
in writing, his intention to the Iloiird of Kites at the capital, and 
thcn'U|M)n the siiid hoard shall give the necessary directions to 
facilitate his journey and give him necessary protection and resjHict 
on his way. On his arrival at the cjipiUil he shall lx» furnished 
with a suitable residence i)rej)ared for him, and he shall defray his 
own exjKinses ; and his entii*e suite shall not exceed 20 persons, 
ex( lusive of his Chinese attendants, none of whom shall be engaged 
in imde. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Ju'suirnre of Minister at Peking. Most-favoured-nation TreatmciU, 

If at any time His Majesty the Emperor of China shall, by 
Tn'at y voluntarily made, or for any other reason, permit the repre* 
stMitative of any friendly nation to reside at his capital for a long 
or slmit time, then, without any further consultation or express per* 
mission, the n»presentative of the United States in China shall have 
the same privilege. 

ARTICLE VI L 

Conrspomhnrrhdwn^n Unitni StatvA Conauh and Chinese Authorities, 

The superior authorities of the United States and of China in 
concsjM Hiding together shall do so on terms of equality and in 
form of mutual comnninication {rhauhirui). The consuls and the 
local ofliccrs. civil and military, in corresponding together shall 
likewise emi»lov the style and form of mutual communication 
(th'nihinii). AVhen inferior officers of the one Ctovcnnnent adtln»ss 
s.ipciior otlicers of the other they siiall do so in the style and form 
ol memorial (.s7//// chin). Private individuals inaddivssing su|)erior 
otlicrr-;, shall employ the style of j»etition {pin-chinff). In no Ciiso 
.^liall anv terms or stvle be used or suflcre(l which shall Ihj offensive 

ft ft 

or disn-spi-ctful lo cither party. And it is agreed that no presents, 
under any [Hvtext or form whatever, shall ever l»e <lemanded of the 
United Stales by China, or of China by the United States. 

ARTICLE VIIL 

Inttrvi^'irs Inticeen United States Representative and Chinese. 

Authnritii's, 

In all future personal intercourse K'tween the representative of 
the United .'^tates of America and the (iovernors-CJeneral or 
(Invernors, the interviews shall Ik? had at tlu* oflicial residen<'e of 
tlie i^aid utliecrs or at their temiM)niry residence, or at the residence 



June 18, 1858.]. CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [No. 64. 

[Commerce, fto.] 

of the representative of the United States of America, whichever may 
be agreed upon between them ; nor shall they make any pretext 
for declining these interviews. Current matters shall be discussed 
by correspondence, so as not to give the trouble of a personal 
meeting. 

ARTICLE IX. 
Tntercmirse with United States Ships of War, 

Whenever national vessels of the United States of America, in 
cruising along the coast and among the ports opened for trade for 
the protection of the commerce of their country or for the advance- 
ment of science, shall arrive at or near any of the ports of China, 
commanders of said ships and the superior local autliorities of 
Government shall if it be necessary, hold intercourse on terms of 
equality and courtesy, in token of the friendly relations of their 
lespective nations ; and the said vessels shall enjoy all suitable 
facilities on the part of the Chinese Government in procuring pro- 
visions or other supplies and making necessary repairs. And the 
United States of America agree that in case of the shipwreck of any 
American vessel, and its being pillaged by pirates, or in case any 
American vessel shall be pillaged or captured by pirates on tlie seas 
adjacent to the coast, without being shipwrecked, the national 
vessels of the United States shall pursue the said pirates, and if 
captured deliver them over for trial and punishment 

ARTICLE X. 

Appointment of United States Consuls. 

The United States of America shall have the right to appoint 
Consuls and other commercial agents for the protection of trade, to 
reside at such places in tlie dominious of China as shall be agreed 
to be opened ; who shall hold official intercourse and correspond- 
ence with the local officers of the Chinese Government (a Consul 
or Vice-Consul in charge taking rank with an intendant of circuit 
or a prefect), either pereoually or in writing, as occasions may 
require, on terms of equality and reciprocal respect. And the 
Consuls and local officers shall employ the style of mutual com- 
munication. If the officers of either nation are disrespectfully 
treated or aggrieved in any way by the other authorities, they 
have the right to make representation of the same to the superior 
officers of the respective Governments, who shall see that full 
ini^uiry and strict justice shall be had in the premises. And the 
said Consuls and agents shall carefully avoid all acts of offence to 
the officers and people of China. On the arrival of a Consul duly 
accredited at any port in China, it shall be the duty of the Minister 
of the United States to notify the same to the Governor-Greneral 
of the province where such port is, who shall forthwith recognize 
the said Consul, and grant liim authority to act 

400 



Ho. 64.] CHINA AND rXITED STATES. [Jom 18, 1869. 

[Ooiiu&«roe, 4ko.] 

ABTICLE XI. 

Protection of United States Citizens and Properiy. Punvihmeni of 
Chinese and Citizens of United States by respective Authoritiu, 

All citizens of the United SUites of America in China, peace- 
ably attending to their atiairs, beinj* plaeeil on a common footing 
of amity and ;»o<^h1 will witli suhjeets of China, shall receive and 
enjoy for themselves and evervthin*^ api)ertainin^ to them the 
proteeticm of the local authorities of Government, who shall defend 
iheiii from all insult or injury of any sort If their dwellings or 
pn»])erty lie thi-eatened or attacked by mobs, incendiaries, or other 
violent or lawless jwrsons, the local otticers, on recjuisition of the 
Consul, shall imnuHliately despatch a military force to disjwrse the 
rioters, apprehend the guilty individuals, and ])unish them with 
tlie utmost ri^'our of the law. SubjtH.'ts of Cliina guilty of aiiy 
criminal act towards citizens of the United Statics shall l>e 
j»unished by the (-'hinese authorities acconling to the laws of 
China; and citizens of the United States, either on shore or in 
any menhant vtissel, who may insult, trouble, or wound the 
|K.»i*sons, or injure the pro|H»rty of Chinese, or commit any other 
impn»per act in (.'hina, shall Ih» punished only by the CVinsul or other 
|>ul»li(' functionary thereto authorized, ac(»ording to the laws of the 
Cnitt'd Suites. Arrests in onler to trail may be made by either 
the Chinese or the United States authorities. 



ARTICLE XII. 

Citizens of fruited St'ttes/rer to hire Houses and Warehouses, and to 
Iniild Ifnu.Kt'A^ HoHpitots, Churrhrs, and Cemeteries. Landing of 
Mt nh'tnts, dV., at jive Ports. Limits fi4'yond whieh thry cannot go. 

Citizens of the Unittnl States, residing or sojouniing at any of 
the jHirts ojH'n t<» ft>nMgn commen'e, shall l)e j>ermitted to rent 
house's and places of business, or hire sites on which they can 
tluMuselves build houses or hospitals, churches, and cemeteries. 
Thi" j»arties int<*rested can fix the n*nt by mutual and (Mpiitable 
au'reeUH'ut ; tlie pmprietors shall not demand an exorbitant price, 
nor shall the Imal authorities interfere, unlfss there Ik» some 
objfctiuns otlen»d on the part of the inhabitants n*sfK»cting the 
]»hu«'. Tin* K»gal fees to tlie otlicers for applying their seal shall 
W i»iud. The citizens of the United States shall not unreasonably 
insist nil ])artii'uiar sjmUs, but each ]>arty shall conduct with justice 
anti UHMlfnition. Anv des«»cration of the ciMUfterics bv natives of 
China shall 1h» severely [Minisheil aceonling to law. At the plact^ 
wht'if the ships of th«* United Stat<»s anchor, or their citizens 
n'^idf, thr ni«*n-hants, HeAM)«*n, or others can freely pjuss and rejwiss 
in the immediate neighlM)urho<Kl ; but, in onler to the pres*»r>*ation 
of th<» [>ublic j>eaee, thf»v sliall not go into the country to the 
vilhej***^ and marts to sell their gmxls unlawfully, in fraud of the 
revenue. 

401 2 I) 2 



iMi^ IS, 1S.>%.: CHINA AXD r^OTED STATES. [Ho. 64. 



t ***•■■■ ■■■'■■ *'^» ^■'^'"j 



ARTICLE XIIL 



jrr^vrfa. ProUdi/m of Pf/nsf^ns and Property. Punishmeni of 
PM^.rsi and Piraies. R^jsi'jratwn of Property rttotertd. Chinet^e 
Gor^.niriuat m/t r^j^)^/iv>>ihU f/r Property not recovered. Punish- 
ment of ChineJie Authorities in case of Coltusion. 

[Same as Ik;lgium, No. 21, Arts. XUI and XLIV.] 

ARTICLE XIV. 

I'orts (/pen to Citizens an/l Trade of United States. Vessels and 
t'artjo li/ille to Confisc/jUion for Trading with non-open Paris. 
Ckin/'Jie GovernraeiU to dml with Citizens engaged in Contraband 
Trtulc, Measures to he taJxn against abuse of United SteUes 
Flag. 

The citizens of the United States are permitted to frequent the 
l»ort.s and cities of Canton and Chau-chau or Swatau, in the pro- 
vince (jf Kwaiig-tun^, Amoy, Fuh-chau, and Tai-wan, in Formosa, 
in the province of Fuh-kien, Ningpo, in the province of Cheh- 
kiang, and Slianghai, in the province of Kiang-sn, and any other 
]>ort or i>lace hereafter by Treaty with other Powers or with the 
Ignited SUites opened to cx^mmerce, and to reside with their 
families and trade there, and to proceed at pleasure with their 
vessels and merchandize from any of these ports to any other of 
them. But said vessels shall not carry on a clandestine and 
fraudulent trade at other poits of China not declared to be legal, 
or along tlie coasts thereof ; and any vessel under the American 
flag violating this provision shall, with her cargo, be subject to 
confiscation to the Chinese Government ; and any citizen of the 
United States who shall trade in any contraband article of mer- 
chandize shall be subject to l)e dealt with by the Chinese Govern- 
ment, without being entitled to any countenance or protection 
from that of the United States ; and the United States will take 
mciisures to prevent their flag from being abused by the subjects 
of other nations as a cover for the violation of the laws of the 
Empire. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Imports and Exports, Tariff. Most-favoured-naiion Treatment. 

At each of the ports open to commerce, citizens of the United 
Stares sluiU be permitted to import from abroad, and sell, purchase, 
and exi)ort all merchandize of which the importation or exporta- 
tion is not prohibited by the laws of the Empire. The tariff of 
duties to be paid by citizens of the United States, on the export 
and import of goods from and into China, shall be the same as was 
agreed up(»n at the Treaty of Wanghia, except so far as it may be 
modified by Treaties with otlier nations, it being expressly ^reed 
tluit citizens of the United States shall never pay higher duties 
than those paid by the most favoured nation. 

402 



No. 6t] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [June 18, IH68. 

[Ckwimcroe, Ac] 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Ton)uif/e Durs, BearotM, LiyhilioiLscs^ Bifoya, a tut Lijht SkijM, 

Tonnaj^o duties shall l)e paid on every men*hant vessel belonjj- 
ing to the United States entering either of tlie oi»t»n jMiits at tho 
rate of 4 niaee jK?r ton of 40 cubic fiH»t, if she i>e over 150 tons 
burdi»n, and 1 mace jht ton of 40 cubic feet, if she l>e of the hunleu 
of ir»0 tons or under, according to the tonnage siMK*ifie<l in tie 
regist^^r; whicli, with her other pajKjrs, shall, on her arrival, Ini 
lodged with the Consul, who shall report the siime U) the Coniniis- 
sioner of Customs. And if any vessel, having jmid tonnage duty 
at one jMirt, shall go to any other i)ort to complete the disj)osal of 
her cargo, or, being in ballast, to purchase an entin*. or fill uj) an 
incomplete, cargo, the Con-?ul shall rt»port the same to the Commis- 
si* »ner of Customs, whi) shall note on the i)ort-clean»nce that tho 
tonnage duties have b<*en paid, antl report the circumstances to tho 
colhrtors at the other Custom Houses ; in which cas(», the saitl 
V(»ssel shall only pay duty on her cargo, ami not Iw chargeil with 
tonnage tluty a seccmd time. The collectors of Customs at the 
oiK'U [M)rts shall ccmsult with the Consuls alnnit the enaction of 
lH»ucons or light-houses, and where buoys and light-ships should be 
placed. 

ARTICLE XVn. 

Engnrjemrnt of Pilots. Hire of Servants, dr. 

Citizens of the United Sttites shall l>e allowed to engage pilots 
to t^ike their vessels into iH)rt, and, when the lawful duties have 
all U'l^n p.iid, take them out f)f in^rt. It shall U* lawful for them 
to hire at pleasure servants, compra«lores, linguists, writers, 
lalK>urers, s(»amen, an«l iH»rs<»ns for wliatever net-essiiry ser\ i<'e, 
with passagit or cargo boats, for a rea.sonable c'ouijMjnsation, to 1k3 
agreed u^mju by the parties or tletermined by the ConsuL 

ARTICLE XVIIL 

(hnnd (*n Bitfird Hiittui Stotrs M* rcJuint Shijis. AppnlunMon oml 
Jhlinry of MutiiO't't's omi Ih furtvrs. CJtltifst^ CnmnKtls to ht' 
tlilin^nd up to Chiufst' Author it its, JuriMlirtiioi over i'nitnl 
Stotvs Citizens. 

[Same as Arta. IX and XXIX of Treaty of ord Julv, 1844, 

No. 63 ] 

ARTICLE XIX. 

<S7u/k' Poprrs to 1h^ itrf*ft^it*'if within 48 hours. Forfriturr of Cargo 
(li<- hdrgul irithout J*irmit. Jh/tics to th- poiii oiilg «/// pnttinn »//' 
Confit tii.<fh*in/td. l't.<st/.i Ititving u^ithin 4S hours withtott hnol: 
iu'f ltulh\ mtf loihtr ftf l>u*A. Consul of a Fricmtlj/ Power uoiy 
Oit in litis* nte of th* t'onsui. 

Whenever a merchant ves>«'l U»longing to the Unitetl Stiitai 

4lKi 



Jaoe 18, 1858.] CHIXA AXD UNITED STTATES. [Mo 61. 

.1 



shall cast anchor in either of the said ports, the supercargo, master, 
or consij^ee, shall, within 48 hijiirs, deposit the ship's papers in 
the hands of the Consul or person charged with his fnncti(»ns, who 
sliall cause to be communicated to the sui>eriiitendent of Customs 
a true report of the name and tiiunage of such vessel, the numlier 
of her crew, and the nature of her cargo, which being done, he 
shall give a permit for her discharge. And the master, supercargo, 
or consignee, if he proceed to discharge the cargo without such 
permit, shall incur a fine of 500 dollars, and the goods so dis- 
charged without permit, shall be subject to forfeiture to the 
Chinese Government But if a master of any vessel in port desire 
to discharge a part only of the cargo, it shall l)e lawful for him to 
do so, paying duty on such part only, and to proceed with the 
remainder to any other ports. Or, if the master so desire, he may^ 
within 48 hours after the arrival of the vessel, but not later, decide 
to depart w ithout breaking bulk ; in which case he shall not be 
subject to pay tonnage or other duties or charges until, on his 
arrival at another port, he shall proceed to discharge cargo, when 
he shall pay the duties on vessel and cargo, according to law. 
And the tonnage duties shall be held due after the expiration of 
the said 48 hours. In case of the absence of the Consul or person 
charged with his functions, the captain or supercargo of the vessel 
may have recourse to the Consul of a friendly Power, or, if l)e 
please, directly to the superintendent of Customs, who shall do all 
that is required to conduct the ship s business. 

ARTICLE XX. 

JSxamination of Cargo by Customs* Officers. Disputes to he referred 

to Consul within 24 hmirs. 

The superintendent of Customs, in order to the collection of the 
proper duties, shall, on application made to him tlirough the 
Consul, appoint suitable officers, who shall proceed, in the presence 
of the captain, supercargo, or consignee, to make a just and fair 
examination of all goods in the act of being discharged for impor- 
tation or laden for exportation on board any merchant vessel of 
tlie United States. And if disputes occur in regard to the value 
of goods subject to ad valorem duty, or in regard to the amount of 
tare, and the same cannot be satisfactorily arranged by the parties, 
the question may, within 24 hours, and not afterwards, be referred 
to the said Consul to adjust with the superintendent of Customs. 



ARTICLE XXL 

Re-exportation to other Ports, Frauds on Chinese Government, 
Confiscation of Goods, Re-exportaiion of Grain and Rice, 

Citizens of the United States who may have imported mer- 
chandize into any of the free ports of China, and paid the duty 

404 



No. 61] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [Jun* 18, 186a. 

[Oomm«ro«, Ao.] 

thereon, if they desire to re-export the same iu part or in wliole 
to any other of the siiid ports, shall 1h3 entitled to make applica- 
tion, though their Consul, to the 8Up<Tinten(hMit of (.'usioms. who, 
in or<ler to prevent fmud on the n»v<*nue, shall cause examinatitin 
to 1h» mad<», hy suitahle otlieers, to see tiiat the tluiies paid on such 
gfMHls a^j are entered on the Custom Hous<» lK)oks corn*siM»nd with 
the repreHt»ntiition made, and that the giwids remain with their 
oii;^inal marks unehan<{ed, and shall then make a memorandum iu 
the port-e learn nee of tlie j^oo<ls and the amount of duties paid on 
the same, and deliver the Siiiue to the mercliant, and shall also 
certify the facts to the officers of Customs of the other jKJrts; all 
whicii l>einj^ done on the arrival in jM)rt of the vessel iu which the 
goo<ls ore laden, and everything l)eing found, on examinatitm there, 
to corres|v)nd, she shall Ik? iH»rmitted to hreak hulk and land the 
said gcMKls without lK»ing suhjtM't to the )>ayment of any additional 
duty thereon. Ihit if. on such examination, the su|)erintimdent of 
Customs shall detect anv fniud on the revenue iu the case, then 
the gcxMls shall be subject to forfeiture and contiscation t<» the 
Chinese Government. Foreign grain or rice bniught into any |Xirt 
of China in a shij) of the United Suites, and not landed, may Im re- 
exiH)rtcd without hindrance. 



AKTICLE XXII. 

Payment of Tonnarfc, Imjwrt, and RrjH>rt Diitirn, Port Clenrnners. 
J>utuii ftt Itf paid in Sym^ Silnr or Fttrexyu }foney. Consul to be 
rrsjhnuiihh if he permits Vessels to Iff ice inthmt jwyiny Duties, 

The tonnage duty on vessels of the United Statt»s shall be paid 
on their iK'ing admitted to entry. l)uti<*s of imiMjrt shall bt^ paid 
on the disc'harge of the go^nls, antl duties <»f exjKirt on the lading 
of the s;ime. Whin all such duties shall have Ikh'U iMiid, and not 
before, the colUn-tor of Customs shall give a jK)rt-clearan<*e. and 
the Consul shall return the ship's [lajH^rs. The duties shall be 
paid to the shn.»tVs authori/.etl by the (1iines«» (iovernment to 
receive the wuue. Duties shall Ix? paid and reoeive«l, either in 
svcee silver or in foreign money, at the rate of the day. If the 
Consul i)ermits a ship to leave the j>ort lK»fore the duties and ton- 
nage dues are paid, he shall be hehl resiKinsible therefor. 



ARTICLE XXIII. 

TransJiipment of Ginnis, 

When cooils on l>oanl any merchnnt vessel of the lTnite<l 
Stat«'s in jKirt n»quire to l>e tranship]«*d to another vessel, 
a|.]»li<Nition shall lie made to the Consul, who shall certify what is 
th«* (Kvision then»fore t<» the su|M*rinteiHient of Customs, who may 
ap|K>int otlic«»rs to examine into the facts and permit the tran- 
shipuient. And if any goo<U he transhipped without writ u 

403 



June J8, 1858] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [No. 84. 

[Commerce, Ac] 

permits they shall be subject to be forfeited to the Chinese Grovem- 
meut. 

ARriCLE XXIV. 

Chinese Debtors subject to Latvs of China, and United States Debtors 

to Coiimlar Court, 

Where there are debts due by subjects of China to citizens of 
the United States, the latter may seek redi-ess in law ; and, on 
suitable representations being made to the local authorities, 
tlirough the Consul, ihey will cause due examination in the pre- 
mises, and take proper steps to compel satisfaction. And if 
citizens of the United States be indebted to subjects of China, the 
latter may seek redress by representation through the Consul, or 
by suit in the Consular Court ; but neither Grovernment will hold 
itself responsible for such debts. 

ARTICLE XXV. 

Permission to learn Chinese Language and purchase Books, 

It shall be lawful for the officers or citizens of the United 
States to employ scholars and people of any part of China, without 
distinction of persons, to teach any of the languages of the Empire, 
and to assist in literary labours ; and the persons so employed 
shall not for that cause be subject to any injury on the part either 
of tlie Government or of individuals ; and it shall in like manner 
be lawful for citizens of the United States to purchase all manner 
of books in China. 

ARTICLE XXVL 

Freedom of Trade with open Ports in case of War between China 
and a Foreign Power, and loith Ports of Belligerent Po^wers. 
United States Flag not to protect Enemy s Vessels, Conjiscaiioii 
of offending Vessels. 

Relations of peace and amity between the United States and 
Cliina being established by this Treaty, and the vessels of the 
United States being admitted to trade freely to and from the ports 
of China open to foreign commerce, it is further agreed that, in 
case at any time hereafter China should be at war with any foreijsjn 
nation whatever, and should for that cause exclude such nation 
from entering her ports, still the vessels of the United States shall 
not the less continue to pursue their commerce in freedom and 
security, and to transport goods to and from the ports of the 
belligerent Powers, full respect being paid to the neutmlity of the 
ilag of the United Stat^is : provided that the said flag shall not 
protect vessels engaged in the transportation of otftcers or soldiers 
in the enemy's service, nor shall said flag be fraudulently used to 
enable the enemy's ships, with their cargoes, to enter the ports of 

406 



No. 64.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [June 18, 1858. 

[Ooiiimero«, Ao.] 

China, but all such vessels so offending shall be subject to for- 
feiture and confiscation to the Chinese Govemment 



ARTICLE XXVII. 

Controversies hetwttn United States Citizens, Conjnilar Jurisdirtioiu 
Controversies betiveen Unital States Citizens and other Foreign 
Suhjeets. 

All questions in regard to rights, whether of proj>erty or person 
arising between citizens of the United States in China shall Ik3 
subject to the jurisdiction and regulate<l by the authority of their 
own Ctovernments ; and all controversies occurring in China 
l)etween citizens of the Unit^id States and the subjects of any 
other (roverninent shall be regidated by the Trwities existing 
bidween the United States and such Goveruiuents respectively, 
without interference on the part of China, 



ARTICLE XXVIIL 

Commmiications of UnUed States Citizens with Chinrse Aufhorities 
to he seat through the Con.wt, and of Chinese with United States 
Consul through Chines*- Authorities. Ctaitroversies to be settlal 
hetwet^i reipediue Authorities. Ejctortivns jyrohilnted. Inter- 
preters. 

If citizens of the United St;itos have s|H»oial occasion toaddn^ss 
any coniuiuuicatiou to the Chinese local ofliccrs of Uovernnient 
thrv shall sul)niit .the same to their Consul or other otticer, to 
dfteniiine if the language Ikj pi-opor and resjHH*tful, and the matter 
just and right, in which event he shall transmit the same to the 
appropriate authorities for their consideration and action in tho 
jneiiiises. If 8ul>jects of China have occasicm to address the 
Consul of the United States, they may address him directly at thu 
same tim« they inform their own «>thcers, representing the case fop 
hi^ consideration and action in the premises ; and if controversies 
arix* lietween citizens of the United J^tates and subjects of China, 
which cannot be amical)lv settled otherwise, the same shall be 
examined and decided comformably to justia? and ecpiity by tha 
)>ublic oth<x»rs of the two nations, acting in conjunction. Tho 
extortion of illegal fees is expn*ssly ]»rohibited. Any peaceable 
persomi are allowed to enter the court in onUij: tg interpret, lest 
injustice be done. 

ARTICLE XXIX. 

Iielitjious Toleration, 

The principles of tlie Christian religion, as professed by tho 
Protestant ami Roman Catholic* churches, are ivcognisi»d as teach- 
ing men to do g«HMl, and to tlo !«» others as tlu»y wouM have others 

407 



June IS, 1S3S.] CHINA ANO rNITED STATES. [MO 64. 

^Coiiuii«rc«, Ac] 

i\n Ui tlioiii. IIiTfjifiiT llmsi* whn ijuirilv profoss ftinl teAch thefto 
tl'M-triiif* •^li.ill imi In* haiM-'-i-'l "F |M'i>iMMitril on Mrrount nf their 
f.iitli. Any ]m-is.hi. wlntlii-r <i:i/«Mi nf ilu* TiiiUMl SiJiU»s or 
riiint»si' ruiivi'it. wlm. iii-'i»i'«linL; to ihi*s«» ifni*t«s, |H»ju'ral»ly tearli 
an<l ]>r.i''ttr.' tli>* ]i: in-ipli's ol' C'liiir>tianity, bLill in no cuMi bo 
inu-rkivil wiili or nii»l«">Uil. 

AKTICLK XXX. 

,\/,.^f -f.i .... ../-/».«/ 1.. i» Ti'tiifun nf, J\tlttfinitlt»HJ^ 




tln"»»' I'li'^t-nt-. 

Miiiif.it Tifn-t'-in this IStlMl.ivnf .fiiii»». in tlil* v«*ar of Our 
[.'•pi H"^. ant| till* lii<l'-{H-ii<l>-iii->' •'! tlif rnit»«l Siatrs of Aiiii'iica 
tlif sjnil. anil m i)i«* sih mmi nf ili*iifiniL'. .'•ih nioiiili un<i Stii 



(I.S ) WII.I.FAM n. KKKIX 
iI.S) KWKII.IANti. 
(I.S.) HWASrAXA. 



408 



Ho. 65.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [Not. 8. 1558. 

[Tariff and Trad« Berulatlons.] 



(No. 65.) COXVEXTION bet wren the. Unites? Stntej; and China, 
for the refjuiaiion of Trade. »Slf/ned at Shanghai, Sth November, 

[Riitifications exclmiigtMl at Pekin<», 15th August, 1859.] 

Whereas a Treaty of Peace, Amity, and Coin inerce between the 
Ta-Tsini; Empire and the United States of America was conehided 
at Tien-tsin, and sij^ned at the Temj)le of Hni-Kwanj;, on the IHlh 
day of June, in the year of our Lord, 187)8 (No. 64), corresiKind- 
injT with the Sth day of the dth ni<K)n of the Sth year of Hienfung ; 
wliich said Tn^dy was duly ratified l»y His Majesty the Em})eror of 
China, on the 3nl day of tfuly followinjLj, an«l which has !»een now 
tninsmitted for ratilication hv the President of the United State-^, 
with the advice and consent of the Senate; and whereas in the said 
Treaty it was provided among other things that tlie turill* of duties 
to l)e paid by citizens of the United States on the exjMirt and 
imj»ort of g<MKls from and into China shall l>e the same as was 
agi*eed upon at the Tn»aty of Wang-hia (No. 63), except so far 
as it mav l>e modified bv Treaties with other natinns, it \nt\\\<x 
expnvssly agreed that citizens of the United States shall never jwiy 
higher duties than tho.se pa it 1 by the njost favounMl nations; and 
wherciis since the sii^mature of the s;iid Treat v material nKKlifica- 
tions of the said tariff and other matters «)f detail connected with 
and having relation to the said Treaty have lM»en ma(h», mutual 
discussion by Commissioners apjM>inted to that end by the Plenipo- 
tentiaries <»f China, (treat I'ritain, and France, to which the asstMit 
of the Unit<»d States i»f America is desirotl and now freely given, it 
has been determined to record such assent and agreement in the 
t\>rm of a suj*plementarv Treaty, to Ik» as binding and of the siimo 
etlicacy as though they had been inserted iu the original Treaty. 

ARTICLE I. 

Tariff and Regulations of Trade and Transit to be in force until 

altered. 

The tiirifT and regulations of trade and transit hereunto 
attached, K^aring the si»als <>f the n*s])ective Plt»ni|)otentiarii^ of 
the United States and the Ta^Tsing Empire, shall henceforward 

• Tho foUowin^ not<» appeanHi in Mover's c»>nwiion of China Tr«iti«»ii, pul>lii»hH 
in 1S77 : — "In the copies of tlie fopcgoinif TrrstT h«»ivt<*for» pubhahed in Ctiin.i, 
ApimrentlT from an unauthorizM ti»it, the foUttwinK arti«*le, mtiflcation of which 
i»a4 (iei'hiied, and which cuii»e(|ueTitl\ na«> no place in the agreement, haa hitherto 
U'en iii»lu<le<l : — * Art. VII. The United Stalenand the Emperor of China, recog- 
nixini; in the pre#«*nt nroi^rest of nations a farouruhle timlenev towards unitj of 
civih/.ntion, nnil regnniini; a unitv <»f inoiicT and unitv of weiuhts anil measuret aa 
fariiirahle to that f;n*at tihjei*t, do hrrehj agree that tliej wdl u%9 their influence 
and eflTorti* to obtain the eT^tabhshment br the ireiierai ai^reeroent of nations, of 
rrpreMrntative coins harin^ a common ralue, and alH> % common atandard of 
weights and measurck for all countries.' " 

i09 



Jiilj 28, 1868.] CHINA AND UNITED STATES. [Mo. 66. 

[Commeroe, Ac] 

and until duly altered under the provisions of Treaties b^ in force 
at the ports and places open to commerce. 

[Here follows the names of the Commissioners, the Tariff, and regu- 
lations of trade and transit.] 

Done at Shanghai, this 8th day of November, in the year of our 
Lord 1858, and the Independence of the United States of Amerier* 
the 83rd, and in the 8th year of Hienfung the 10th month and 
3rd day. 



(No. 66.) ADDITIONAL ARTICLES to the Treaty of Com- 
merce between the United States and China, of June 18, 18o8. 
Signed at Washington, July 28, 1868.* 



[Ratifications exchanged at Peking, November 23, 1869.] 



Whereas since the conclusion of the Treaty between the 
United States of America and the Ta-Tsing Empire (China) of the 
18th of June, 1858 (No. 64), circumstances have arisen showing 
the necessity of additional Articles thereto, the President of the 
United States and the august Sovereign of the Ta-Tsing £uipire» 
Lave named for their Plenipotentiaries to wit : 

[Here follow the names of the Plenipoteutis^ries.] 

ARTICLE I. 

Chinese Jurisdiction over Lands on which Citizens of the United 
States reside, and over Waters in which they Trade, Attacks on 
Frojyerty hy Subjects of Powers at War with United States dis-- 
claimed, Hesistance to attacks by Citizens of the United States. 

His Majesty the Emperor of China, being of the opinion that, 
in making concessions to the citizens or subjects of foreign Powers 
of the privilege of residing on certain tracts of land, or resorting 
to certain waters of that Empire for puri)oses of trade, he has by 
no means relinquished his right ot eminent domam or dominion 
over the said land and waters, hereby agrees that no such conces- 
sion or grant shall be construed to give to any Power or party 
which ni^y be at war with or hostile to the United States the 
right to attack the citizens of the Unite d States or their property 
within the si\id land or waters. And the United States, for them- 
selves, hereby agree to abstain from offensively attacking the 

• Sec also Trentios respecting Chinese Emigration into the United States, 17th 
Npvoraher, 1S80 (No, 67), page 413; nnd 17tli March, 1894 (No. 69), p. 418; and 
8|i])plcnientarj Treuty re8iK>cting Commercial Intercourse and Judicial Procedure, 
of 17th Koveiiiber, 1880 (No, 68), paK** 416. 

410 



No. 68.] CHINA AND UNITED STATEa [July 28, 1868. 

[Commerott, Ac] 

ciii/ens or Rubjects of any Power or party or their property witli 
which they may be at war on any such tnict of land or waters of 
tlie sai«l Empire. But nothin<^ in this Article shall be construed to 
j)n»vcnt tlie United States from resisting an attack by any hostile 
r<»wer or party upon their citizens or their proj)erty. It is further 
agreed that if any right or interest in any tract of land in China 
has l>een or shall hereaftc^r be granted by the Ciovernment of China 
to the Unit*id States or their citizens for purjKXse of trade or com- 
nit'ii e, that gmnt shall in no event be construed to divest the 
Chiuiise authorities of their right of jurisdiction over pc»rs<)ns and 
juojKTty within said tract of land, except so far as that right may 
have been expressly relin(|uished by Treaty. 

ARTICLE 11. 

rriiiletjes ajid Immunities of Trade and Navigation not granted by 

Treaty. 

The United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor 
of China, believing that the safety and j»n)si)erity of commerce will 
tljtTtby l»est Ikj promoted, agree that any ])rivilege or immunity in 
ris|»tnt to trade or navigation within the Chinese dominions which 
may not have been stipulated for by Treaty, shall be subject to the 
discn'tion of the Chinese Government, and may l>o regulated by it 
accordingly, but not in a manner or spirit incompatible with the 
Treaty stipulations of the I'arties. 

ARTICLE in. 

Apinnntment of Chinese ConsuU in the United States. Same 
Treatment as Consuls of Great Britain and Russia. 

The Emperor of China shall have the right to aj)i)oint Consuls 
at jMnts of the United States, who shall enjoy the same privileges 
and immunities as those which are enjoyed by public law and 
Tnaiy in the United States by the Consuls of Great Britain and 
liU.^sia, or eitlier