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Full text of "The Tribes and customs of Hy-Many, commonly called O'Kelly's country. Now first published form the Book of Lecan, a MS. in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy; with a translation and notes ... by John O'Donovan"

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HE following account of the families and customs of 
Hy-Many is printed from the Book of Lecan, fol. 
90 to 92, exactly as it stands in the original, ex- 
cepting only that the contractions are not retained, 
and such grammatical marks are introduced as were 
deemed necessary to render the language intelligible 
to an Irish scholar not familiar with MS. abbreviations. The Book 
of Lecan was compiled from various other MSS. for Gilla losa More 
Mac Firbis, chief historian of the O'Dowds of Tireragh, in the county 
of Sligo, about the year 1418 ; but the work has been already so well 
described by O'Reilly, in his Irish Writers (vol. i. of the Transac- 
tions of the Iberno-Celtic Society), that it is not necessary to give 
any detailed description of it in this place. 

Whether the tract on the customs of Hy-Many was originally 
composed at the period of the compilation of the Book of Lecan, or 
transcribed from an older MS., we are not at present able to decide 
satisfactorily, as no other copy of it has been discovered, but it is 
highly probable that it was transcribed, and perhaps abridged, from 
some MS. belonging to the territory of Hy-Many. The Book of Hy- 
Many, supposed to contain various tracts relating to the territory, is 
still in existence, and is believed to be in the possession of a private 
collector in England ; it is, however, inaccessible to the Editor, who 



therefore unable to say, whether the tract, now for the first time 
printed, is to be found in that MS. or not ; but if we may judge from 
the account of its contents published by O'Reilly (ubi supra, p. 1 22), 
we should be led to conclude that the book of Hy-Many does not con- 
tain this tract, and hence it may fairly be doubted whether a second 
copy of it is now extant. The Rev. Patrick Mac Loughlin, in his 
abstract of the Book of Lecan, states, that this is the most curious 
tract in that volume. 

As none of our writers has yet described the boundaries of the 
famous territory of Hy-Many, or given any detailed account of its 
history, it will be necessary here to point out its limits, and to give 
a brief outline of the principal historical events with which it is con- 

Denis H. Kelly, Esq. of Castle Kelly, has kindly sent the Editor 
the following account of the extent of Hy-Many, which is worth pre- 
serving, though far from being perfect : 

" Between the reigns of Colla Uais, 130^1 monarch of Ireland, A. D. 327, 
and that of Coelbad, 13 2nd monarch, A. D. 357, Maine the Great, the son of 
Imchad, and grandson of Donald, who was the son of Achy Ferdaghiall, ob- 
tained Imania in the south of Connaught and county of Galway, which his pos- 
terity greatly enlarged and extended beyond the river Suck to the Shannon, 
through the county of Roscommon. This territory of Imania was variously 
called Hymanny, Imanny, Ithmania, Mainech, Ivemaine, Hymaine, Omaine, 
Omanny, or Uimaine, and appears from various authorities to have consisted 
of the southern part of what is now called the county of Roscommon, and the 
northern part of the county of Galway. What its exact extent was cannot now 
be positively ascertained ; but from the various family estates at present belong- 
ing, and those which are well known formerly to have belonged, to persons of 
the name of Kelly or O'Kelly, in that particular part of the kingdom, as well 
as from the different old castles which popular tradition and historical records 
point out as having been built by, or in the possession of the O'Kellys, there is 
good reason to suppose that it extended over the barony of Athlone, in the 
county of Roscommon, and the baronies of Ballymoe, Tiaquin, Killian, and 


Kilconnell, in the county of Gal way ; and this conjecture is strengthened by 
an old pedigree in the possession of the Rev. A. Kelly, of Castle Kelly, the pre- 
sent head of the name, compiled by that learned antiquarian, Charles O'Conor, 
Esq., of Belanagare, which, in its account of the family, between the years 1393 
and 1423, mentions the barony of Tiaquin, as the appanage of one younger 
son ; the barony of Kilconnell, as that of another ; the barony of Athlone, as 
that of a third ; and the lands of Rahera, as that of a fourth, and which styles 
the eldest son by the second wife as Teige More of Cruffon, a name by which 
the peasantry still designate a large district in the county of Galway, long cele- 
brated for its coarse linen manufacture, containing the barony of Killian and a 
large part of Ballymoe. 

" Among the castles built by the O'Kellys, and which are all situated in 
this district, are those of Moate, near Roscommon ; Galy, on the borders of the 
Shannon, near Knockcroghery ; Athleague, Corbeg, and Skryne, in the county 
Roscommon, and Garbally, Aughrim, Monivea, Gallagh, Mullaghmore, Moy- 
lough,' and Aghrane, now Castle Kelly, in the county of Galway. The Abbey 
of Kilconnell was also reconstructed by William O' Kelly, and Knockmoy, Clon- 
macnoise, and Clontuskert, experienced the liberality of the chiefs of Hy- 
maine. Sir Richard Cox, in his explanatory index to his History of Ireland, 
has the word * Imanya ;' to which is added as explanation, * O'Kelly's country, 
in the counties of Galway and Roscommon ; the O'Kellys were kings of this 
country.' In Ware's Antiquities, Hymaine is mentioned as ' a territory in the 
county of Galway, bordering on the county of Roscommon, and at times ex- 
tended by conquest into it, usually called Mainech, the O'Daly's country and 
the O'Kellys.' In the Pacata Hibemia, we find ' that the parliament army 
retreating from Munster, passed vaguely through the county of Galway, until 
they came to the Kellys' country, where they were fought withal by Sir Thomas 
Burke, the Earl of Clanricarde's brother and Sir Thomas Maltby, who were more 
in number than the rebels ;' and Camden, in his Brittannia, treating of the county 
of Roscommon, mentions : * More southward lies Athlone, the barony of the 
O'Kellys.' From these authorities the above conjecture assumes considerable 
probability, and Hymaine appears entitled to a respectable situation among the 
petty sovereignties of Ireland. 

" Hy-Maine signifies Maine's territory ; Hy or I being the plural of Ua or 
O, a grandson, and is frequently prefixed to the name of any remarkable pro- 

B 2 genitor 

genitor of a family, as well to particularize the family as the lands they possess. 
In a note to the word O'Kelly, in the Memoirs of Charles O'Conor, Esq., of 
Belanagare, are the following words : ' Antiquissima hasc familia originem ducit 
ab Tmchado Regulo lathmainiae, cujus posteri ab ipsius pronepote Maino magno 
assumpserunt nomen lathmainiee seu Hymainy, quod prasdia Mainise significat, 
atque ab eo descendentes usque ad Thaddseum deTailtionn, cujus tempore Angli 
invaserunt Hiberniam, lathmainise Reguli nuncupati sunt, et multa habuerunt 
privilegia a regibus Connacise. Possidebant tertiam partem omnium prsedarum et 
naufragiorum, necnon fodinarum auri et argenti et mettallorum, pluraque alia 
quae in antiquis Chronicis nominantur.' O'Halloran, in his Introduction to the 
History and Antiquities of Ireland, says, ' the M'Dermotts were hereditary 
marshalls to the kings of Connaught, and the O'Kellys hereditary treasurers ;' 
and in the commencement of the pedigree now in the possession of the Rev. 
A. Kelly, compiled by Charles O'Conor, Esq. of Belanagare, it is stated : ' The 
illustrious family of Hymanny, who, since the reception of surnames in the 
eleventh century, took the name of O'Kelly, had a territory in Connaught of 
about 200 square miles, extending through the county of Galway, and the 
southern part of Roscommon, as far as the river Shannon.' " 

But fortunately we are not left to guess at the extent of this 
ancient territory, for its exact boundaries are given in a vellum MS. 
preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (H. 3. 1 8. p. 41 2). 
And as this short but important document appears to have been un- 
known to all our writers, and has never been published, I shall tran- 
scribe it, word for word as it stands in the original, dispensing with 
the contractions as usual. It will show that Hy-Many originally ex- 
tended from Clontuskert, near Lanesborough, in the county of Eos- 
common, southwards, to the boundary of Thomond or the county 
of Clare, and from Athlone, westwards, to Seefin and Athenry, in the 
present county of Galway. 

" Cjliocaipecu O TTlaine. "Boundaries of Hy-Many. 

"Sece cpsca, pecc cuara, pecc m-baile, " It contains seven cantreds, seven tua- 
pecc leac-bcule. O Cluam cuaipcepc thas, seven townlauds, seven half townlands. 


na Smna co h-Qipeanac ; 6 Qipeanac 
co T2mn DUin ; 6 Rinn oum co l?mn 
clearchaip; 6 Pinn cleacchaip co Qc 
Cuain ; 6 Qc Cuain co Sndm DO en ; 6 
Snarii od en co Qr Cpoca ; 6 Qc Cpoca 
co Cupmaj ; 6 Cuprhaj co tDeipjoeipc ; 
6 Deipgoeipc co ^pem ; 6 ^P^" 1 co 
Suioe pmn ; 6 Suioe Pinn co Qc na- 
pioj ; 6 Qc na pioj co Umnaij ; 6 Um- 

Its boundary extends from Cluain tuaiscert a 
na Sinna to Aireanach b ; from Aireanach 
to Einn Duin c ; from Einn Duin to Einn 
Cleathchair d ; from Einn Cleathchair to 
Ath-Luain e ; from Ath-Luain to Snamh 
da en f ; from Snamh da en to Ath CrochaS ; 
from Ath Crocha to Lusmagh" ; from Lus- 
magh to Deirgdeirc 1 ; from Deirgdeirc to 
GrianJ ; from Grian to Suidhe Finn ; from 


a Cluain tuaiscert, now Clontuskert Ab- 
bey, near Lanesborough, in the county of 
Boscommon. In more recent times this 
was a part of Cinel Dobhtha, or O'Hanly's 

b Aireanach, now Erinagh, near Clon- 
tuskert See Map. 

c Rinn Duin, now St. John's, or Ean- 
down on the Shannon, barony of Athlone. 

d Rinn Cleathchair was the ancient name 
of a very remarkable point of land run- 
ning into Lough Eee, in the parish of 
Kiltoom, barony of Athlone, and county 
Eoscommon. It is now popularly called 
Yew Point. 

e Ath Luain, now Anglicised Athlone, 
a well known town on the Shannon. 

{ Snamh da en, called in the Book of 
Armagh, vadum duorum avium, was the 
ancient name of that part of the Shan- 
non lying between Clonmacnoise, in the 
King's county, and Clonburren, in the 

county of Eoscommon See Buile Shuibh- 

ne, and MS. in Trinity College Library, 
H. 2. 1 6. p. 871. 

g Ath Crocha, which is mentioned in 

the Annals of the Four Masters, at the 
year 1547, as a ford on the Shannon, was 
the ancient name of a ford on that river 
at the place now called Shannon Harbour. 

h Lusmagh is so called at this day, and 
is the name of a parish in the barony of 
Garrycastle and King's county, which, 
though lying on the east side of the Shan- 
non, is still a part of the diocese of Clon- 
fert. It appears also from an inquisition 
taken at Galway, on the nth of Au- 
gust, 1607, before Sir Anthony S c . Leger, 
Knight, Master of the Eolls, that this 
parish was then considered a part of the 
county of Galway. 

' Deirgdeirc, generally called Loch 
Deirgdheirc, in the best Irish authorities ; 
it is now called Lough Derg, and some- 
times Lough Dergart, and is a large and 
beautiful lake formed by an expansion of 
the Shannon, between Portumna and Kil- 

J Grian is the name of a river which 
rises on the confines of the counties of 
Clare and Galway, and falls into Lough 
Greine, in the parish of Feakle, barony of 

naij co Qr in paluin; 6 Gr in palum 
co Uip TTlic Cpena; o pin co h-Gpcip 
alaing ; o ra pin co h-Gr TTIo^a ; o ra 
pin co Sio Neannra; o ra pin co ceir 
'pa Sinainn apip." 

Suidhe Finn k to Ath na riogh 1 ; from Ath 
na riogh to Umnaigh m ; from Umnaigh to 
Ath an saluin 11 ; from Ath an saluin to 
Tir Mhic Trena ; from thence to Escir 
Alaingf ; from thence to Ath Mogha q ; 
from thence to Sidh Neannta r ; and thence 
to the Shannon again." 

The same boundaries are given in a short poem preserved in 
another vellum MS. in the Library of Trinity College : but as this 
poem gives only one additional name, viz. Magh Muaidh, which is 
the plain near Knockmoy Abbey, it is not inserted here, to avoid the 
unnecessary repetition of what has been already given in prose. 

The most conspicuous of the same boundaries are also mentioned 
in a MS. poem in the same library, addressed to William, son of Do- 


Tir mhic Trena. This name is now 

p Eiscir Aiding, now Esker, an old 
church in the eastern portion of the pa- 
rish of Tuam, which belongs to the ba- 
rony of Ballymoe. 

q Ath Mogha, now always called Beat 
Atha Mogha in Irish, and Anglicised Bally- 
moe : it is the name of a small village on the 
river Suck, giving name to the barony of 
Ballimoe, in the N. E. of the county of 
Galway, adjoining the counties of Mayo 
and Roscommon. 

r Sidh Neannta, now Fairymount, in 
the parish of Kilgefin, barony of South 
Ballintober and county of Roscommon. 
See the Map prefixed to this tract. This 
is a very famous locality in ancient Irish 
history and romance. 

UpperTullagh, and county of Clare, whence 
it issues, and flowing in a S. E. direc- 
tion, passes through Lough O'Grady, and 
through the village of Scarriff, and dis- 
embogues itself into an arm of Lough 
Derg, near the old church of Moynoe. 

k Suidhe Finn is the name of an old 
castle and ancient earthen mound in the 
parish of Killogilleen, barony of Dunkel- 
lin, and county of Galway. 

1 Ath no, Riogh, i. e. the ford of the 
kings, now Athenry, an ancient walled 
town in the county of Galway, eleven 
miles east of the town of Galway. 

m Umnaigh, now Uman, a townland in 
the parish of Killererin, in the barony of 
Clare, and near the confines of the ba- 
rony of Tiaquin. 

n Ath an saluin, a ford on a stream in 
the parish of Killererin, near Tuam. 

nogli, who was son of Conor O'Kelly, on the occasion of his having in- 
vited all the poets, minstrels, and other professors of art in Ireland, to 
his house, in the year 1457. In this poem it is stated, that William, 
the son of Duvessa (his mother), had got possession of the entire ter- 
ritory of Hy-Many, extending, according to its well known bounda- 
ries, from Grian to Caraidh. That he recovered such parts of the 
principality of his ancestors as had been wrested from them by ad- 
venturers, and that he even took possession of some portions of the 
territories of his neighbours ; that the three celebrated fords called 
Ath na riogh s , Ath Luain', and Ath-liag u , were included in his prin- 
cipality, and that his lands were bounded by the great lakes of Loch 
Eigh, and Loch Dergdherc ; and also that the great plain of Maon- 
mhagh [Moinmoy], the ancient patrimony of the Clanna Moirne, 
which had been in the occupation of strangers till William grew up, 
was again restored to the Hy-Many, and divided among their septs. 

It is also stated in a poem addressed to Eoghan O'Madden, chief 
of Sil Anmchadha, contained in a fragment of the Book of Hy- 
Many, preserved in the Library of Trinity College (H. 2. 7. p. 190), 
that Uaran, now Oran, in the county of Roscommon, Lusmagh in the 
now King's county, and even Lough Greine, now in the north of 
the county of Clare, were a part of Hy-Many ; and it is stated in a 
second poem, preserved in the same MS., addressed to the same 
chieftain, that Hy-Many extended from Grian to Caraidh, and in- 
cluded Dun Imghain, now Dunamon, Inis Clothrann in Lough Ree, 
and Inis Cealltra in Lough Dergdherc. 

To give any thing like the history of Hy-Many would far exceed 


s Ath na rwgh, i. e. ford of the kings, u Ath-liag, the ford of the stones, now 

now Athenry See note '. Beal atha liag, Ballyleague, or Lanesbo- 

1 Ath Luain, i. e. the ford of Luan rough, a small village on the Shannon, not 

(a man's name, formerly common in Ire- Athleague, on the river Suck, as might 

land), now Athlone See note e . be supposed. 


the limits which the Editor intends for this preface, and the reader 
must rest satisfied with a brief account of the first formation of the 
principality by Maine Mor, the ancestor of all the Hy-Many, and a 
list of the successive chiefs from Maine Mor, as they are given in 
a poem addressed to Eoghan O'Madden, who died in 1347. 

The most authentic and most circumstantial account of the first 
settlement of Maine Mor, ancestor of all the Hy-Maine, and his people, 
in this territory, is preserved in the Life of St. Grellan, the patron 
of this tribe, who nourished in the fifth century, a paper v copy of 
which is preserved in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy. In 
this Life, it is stated, that this part of the province of Connaught 
was in the possession of the Firbolgs in the time of St. Patrick and 
St. Grellan, and that the latter was assigned a place called Achadh 
Fionnabhrach, by Duach Gallach, king of Connaught, where the saint 
built a church before Maine Mor arrived in Connaught. I shall pre- 
sent the reader with the whole account of the settlement of Maine 
and his people in this district, as contained in this work. After giv- 
ing a detailed account of the baptism of Eoghan Sriabh, the son of 
Duach Gallach, king of Connaught, and of a miracle performed by 
St. Grellan, the biographer proceeds as follows : 

" t)o bepcap an baile peo, ma n-oeap- The place where this miracle was 
nao an miopbuile pi DO, .1. Gcao Pion- wrought, i. e. Achadh Fionnabhrach by 
nupach a amm conuiji pin, ajup Cpaob name, was granted to St. Grellan, but it 
^hpeallam a amm o pin a leirh, o'n has been ever since called Craobh Greal- 
cpaotb peilbe rucc tDuacajuppaopaicc lain, i. e. the branch of Grellan, from the 


v No vellum copy of this life is now in after the period of the introduction of 

Dublin, but a very ancient copy of it is Christianity ; and also by Gratianus Lucius 

quoted by Duald Mac Firbis, in his Ge- in his Cambrensis Eversus, in proof of the 

nealogicalBook, in proof of the existence of fact which he thinks it establishes, name- 

the Firbolgs in the province of Connaught, 1 y, that the ancient Irish paid tithes. 

DO ^hpeallan ann, ajup po opouic ciop 
oo'n maiccleipeac, .1. peace m-bpuic o 
jac bainpiojam ; ajup ap n-opouccao 
na cana, DO iapp copuioeacr phaopaicc 
ppip in ciop cariao pin DO ; ujup cuccao 
lap pin. 

"G^upapah-airlepinoo lum^peal- 
lan a o-cpian uaccapac an CUICCID pin, 
50 paibi ace piubal an cipe, ajup nip 
oipip a iheanma pop mao oap imjiD 
no 50 painic TTlacc Semcemeoil, bade 
a paibi Cian o' Peapaib 6015, pi an 
ripe, agup aipipeap i j-ceano an eplaim 
pop an ionao pin, .1. Cill Cluaine a 

" Qp i pin aimpip in ap lompaioeoap 
aicme Colla oa Chpioch ceacr a h-Oip- 
jiallaib, ajup ap eao a oubpaoap : Ip 
liomhap ap laocpaio, ajup ap dobal 
ap n-oipeacc, ajup a ca ap n-aicme 
ap n-iomoujao, ajup nt b-puicceam 10- 
nao a n-aon cuicceao uile jan pap eap- 
ccaipoip eccpumn, oip ni maic puilnjio 
na h-uaiple a j-cumjach; agup a oub- 
paoap, Peucam cia an cuicceao ma 
ceipce oaoine oo'n 6hanba, ajup malia 
o'pheapaib 6olcc, ajup curhjaioiom op- 

branch which king Duach and St. Patrick 
presented to St. Grellan, in token of pos- 
session. And the king also ordered, that 
seven garments should be given from every 
chieftain's wife, as a tribute to the young 
cleric ; and when this tribute was ordain- 
ed, St. Grellan asked the guarantee of St. 
Patrick for the payment of it, which was 
agreed to. 

" After this St. Grellan proceeded to 
the upper third of that province, and con- 
tinued to traverse the country ; but his 
attention was not fixed on any place over 
which he had passed, till he came to Magh 
Seincheineoil, of which Cian, who was of 
the Firbolgic race, was king, who waited 
on the saint at the place where he was then 
staying, since called Cill Cluaine w . 

" It was at this period the race of Colla 
da Chrioch meditated to migrate from Oir- 
ghialla, and they said : ' Numerous are 
our heroes and great is our population, 
our tribe having multiplied, and we can- 
not all find room in any one province 
without quarrelling among ourselves, for 
nobles cannot well bear to be confined;' 
and they also said : ' Let us see which pro- 
vince of Banba is thinnest in population, 
and in which most Firbolgs remain ; and 
let us narrow it on them. The province 


w Cill Cluaine St. Grellan afterwards church of this name stand on a remarkable 

erected a church here, which became a 
parish church. It is now called in Irish 
by the same name, and correctly Angli- 
cised Kilclooney. The ruins of the old 


eiscir, or low ridge, not far to the north 
west of the town of Ballinasloe, in the 
barony of Clonmacowen, in the east of the 
county of Galway See Map. 


pa e. Ctca cuigeao Chonnace ace na h- 
Gicij UuacaiB, ace ciop uaroib oiap 
m-bparuip-ne, agjup lonpaijiom e.' ajup 
ap lao po can an compete po, .1. TTIaine 
mop, o plomnciop na pluaicc, agupGo- 
chaio peap oa 51 all, a acaip, 05 a 
pabaoap jeill Ulao agup Oipjiall a 

" t)o jluaipiooap na jglan-pluaij pin 
50 h-obann, appaccu, 'na j-caca coi- 
pi^re, co na o-caincib ajup cpeoaib, o 
Chlocap mac t)aimm 50 Dpuim Clapac, 
pip a n-abapcap dp TTIaine, inp 6oc"Ri 
ajup Suca. I2o aipgeaoap an cfp, ajup 
po cuippioo ceacca uara 50 Cian, .1. 
cijepna an cipe, 50 TTlaj Seuicmeoil, 
agup po mnipiooap aicme Cholla oa 
Chpioc oo beich ace cuinj^e ciopa ajup 
cpice paip ; agup po h-eajlai jeao Cian 
pip na h-iompaicib pin. Ro rmoil a 
rpom pluaicc, ajup po b'e a lion, .1. 
oeic cec ap picic, ac a paibi pcciac, ajup 
cloioeam, agup cacbapp, amail acbepc 
an pann : 

of Connaught is in the possession of these 
Attacots, excepting that they pay tribute 
to our relative, and let us attack it.' 
Those who held this conversation were 
Maine Mor, from whom the hosts of Hy- 
many are named, and Eochaidh Ferda- 
ghiall, his father, who had the hostages 
of Ulidia and Oirghialla together. 

" These fine hosts suddenly and hero- 
ically proceeded in well arranged batta- 
lions, with their flocks and herds, from 
Clochar Mac Daimhin x to Druim Clasach, 
which is called Tir-Many, situated between 
Loch Ei y and the river Suca [Suck]. They 
plundered the country, and despatched 
messengers to Cian, lord of the country, 
to Magh Seincheineoil, and they told him 
that the descendants of Colla da Chrioch 
had come to demand tribute and territory 
from him. And Cian was terrified by 
these sayings. He assembled his great 
forces, and their number was thirty hun- 
dred, who bore shield and sword and hel- 
met, as the rann states : 

" One 

x Clochar Mac Daimkin, now the town 
of Clogher in the county of Tyrone. 

y Lock Ri, generally called Loch Ribh, 
now Loch Ree, a celebrated lake formed 
by an expansion of the Shannon, between 
Athlone and Lanesborough. This descrip- 
tion of Hy-Many is not correct, for there 
is more of that territory to the west of the 
river Suck, than between that river and 
Lough Ree. The MS. is here decidedly 
corrupt, for Druim Clasach, was never the 
name of the entire of Hy-Many, it being 

applied to a remarkable ridge in that 
territory. The original text most pro- 
bably stood as follows : " O Chlocap 
mac n-t)aimm 50 h-inao pip a n-abap- 
rap t)puim Clapach i o-Uip TTIaine, inp 
Coch T3i ocup Suca," Le. "from Clochar 
Mac Daimhin, to a place called Druim 
Clasach in Tir-Many, between Lough Ree 
and the Suck." See Keating's History of 
Ireland (reign of Heremon), where Druim 
Clasach in Hy-Many is called one of the 
three most remarkable hills in Ireland. 

1 1 

" Ctom-peap ap jac liop amac, ap eao 

DO ricceao le Cian 
- a mace Seincmeoil, ni bpeucc, oeic 

cec ap cpicao cec pcciac. 

" CIjup po b'e pao ajup leacao an 
riiuije, .1. 6 tDhun na piocc 50 h-Gbamn 
6aippcmn, ajup o Ctc n-papooicc 50 
h-Gc n-oeapj-oum, pe n-abaprap Gr 
an Cnoppooipe ; ajup nip pan Cian oo'n 
puacap pin, no 50 painic 50 h-iomuplap 
Chipe TTlaine, ajup po rinoilpioo an pea- 
6an oob' uaiple Diob o'd n-ionnpaicceao 
ann pin ; ajup DO cabacc DO ^ipeallan 
pin, .1. pliocc Colla oa Chpioc DO beic 
ip in juapacc pin, agup po jluaip 50 
cinniopnac oia o-reapapccam, ajup ap 
ann po oipipeaoap an oa peaoam, agup 
po coipcc a j-ceannpaippcce, ajup po 
pnaiDm pir ecoppa, ajup po opoaicc cpi 
n-aonmuip o na h-uaiplib a laim Cein 
ppia coriial pin. Cfjup QrhaljaiD, mac 
ITIaine TTloip, ap e pa h-uaiple DO na 
h-einpib pin, ajup ruccao a lairh pac- 
raipe Chem e. CTgup jpaoaigiop bean an 
paccaipe e, ajup ap na aicne pin oo'n 
pacraipe lionap lonupajup miopcaip na 
bpaicche e, qieap an mnaoi, ajup ceio 
map a paibi Cian, ajup cuipeap paoi 
milleao na m-bpaccao jan puipeac a 
n-aon oibce. CIgup DO bt lonao comne 
ap na mapac ace Cian co n-a pocpaioe 
ap TTlacc Seimni, .1. n-imiol TTluije Sem- 
cineoil, pe h-6chai6 agup pe TTlaine, 
ajup pe beccan DO maicib a mumcipe; 
ajup po cumaoap 50 paibi pleao ace 
Cian ma corhaip, agup ni h-eao po baoi 
ace peall ; ajup cappap DO ^peallan 


" One man out of every fort is what went 

forth with Cian 
In Magh Seincheineoil, no falsehood, 

ten hundred and thirty hundred shields. 

"And the length and breadth of the 
plain was from Dun na riogh to the river 
of Bairrchinn, and from Ath n-fasdoig to 
Ath dearg-duin, which is now called Ath 
an Chorrdhoire ; and Cian delayed not on 
this occasion until he had reached the 
plain of Tir-Maine, and the noblest tribes 
among the race of Colla came to meet them 
there ; and it was shown to St. Grellan 
how the race of Colla Da Chrioch were in 
this peril ; and the saint came speedily to 
protect them, and he repressed both par- 
ties, and checked their animosity, and ra- 
tified a peace between them, and ordered 
that three times nine persons out of their 
nobility should be given into the hands of 
Cian, as pledges to observe this peace. Amh- 
algaidh, the son of Maine, was the noblest 
of these hostages, and he was deli vered into 
the hands of Cian's lawgiver. And the 
wife of the lawgiver fell in love with him, 
which when the lawgiver had observed, 
he was filled with jealousy, and hatred of 
the prisoner, on account of the wife ; and 
he went to where Cian was, and induced 
him to kill the hostages without delay in 
one night. On the day following, Cian 
and his forces had a conference at Magh 
Seimhni, on the confines of Magh Sein- 
cheineoil, with Eochaidh and Maine, and 
a few of the chiefs of their people ; and it 
was pretended that Cian had a feast pre- 
pared for them, but he had not but trea- 
2 chery. 


an comaiple pin, oip ap e pein DO buo 
cop ecoppa, ajup ap ionao a paibi 
Gocaio ajup TTlaine a m-bun a m- 
6eappnaicc na n-apm a nucc TTlaen- 
muije, pe n-abapcap an Seipio beacc. 

Oc conaipc ^peallan o oopup a pec- 
lepa na h-apmo con mop pocpaioe pin, 
pinio an oa 6610 DO cum an t)uileamam, 
lap n-a imoeapccao ap eagla a pld- 
naicceacca DO milleao, agup puaip a 
icje 6 Dia, gup boccao an maj mop 
pin po copaib Che*in co n-a mumcip, 50 
n-oeapnao cuchaioe ajup cpiacpac oe, 
jup pluicceao Cian co n-a mumncip cpep 
na peapcaib pin : conao TTlaj liac amm 
an muije pin, 6 ooiljiop na laocpaioe 
o'a n-oiojb'ail oo'n naom-cl6ipeac. Uai- 
nic ITIaine co n-a mumncipp a bail a 
paib )peallan, ajup po cpomaoap na 
cinn oo, ajup po imp ooib map DO peal- 
lao oppa, agup map DO paep t)ia a^up 
6 p6m iao ap luce an pill. Qcbepc 
!5peallan ppiu ; cabpui6-pi an rip pi, 
ajup puacaio an peall, ajup biaio mo 
beannacr-pa accaib, agup coiiTi^aoaij 
bap m-bpairpiop, agup opouicciD mo 
cam ajup mo olij p^in oam-pa 6 moo 
50 bpac. 6eip-pi p^m, bap ITIaine, an 
bpeac bup ail DUIC. 6epao, bap eipiom, 
ajup acbepc ^peallan an accumaip pi 

chery. This design was made known to St. 
Grellan, who was the guarantee between 
them. At this time Eochaidh and Maine 
were at the foot of Bearnach na n-arm 
in Maenmagh, now called Seisidh beag. 

" When St. Grellan had, from the door 
of his church, perceived these arms, and 
these great hosts, he raised his two hands 
to God, being apprehensive that his gua- 
rantee would be violated, and he obtained 
his request from God, for the great plain 
was softened and made a quagmire under 
the feet of Cian and his people, so that they 
were swallowed into the earth ; and the place 
received the name of Magh Liach, i. e. the 
plain of sorrow, from the sorrow of the 
heroes, who were thus cut off by the holy 
cleric. Then Maine and his people came to 
where St. Grellan was, and bowed down 
their heads to him, and he told them how 
treachery had been designed for them, and 
how God and himself had saved them from 
those treacherous people 2 . St. Grellan then 
said to them, ' take possession of this terri- 
tory, abominate treachery, and you shall 
have my blessing ; observe brotherly love, 
and ordain my tribute and my own law for 
me from this day out for ever.' ' Pass thy 
own award,' said Maine, ' in whatever is 
pleasing to thee.' ' I will,' said St. Grellan, 
and he repeated these brief verses following : 

" Great 

z Treacherous people. It is to be lament- 
ed that no Firbolgic writer survived to re- 
late the true account of this transaction, 
for every acute investigator of history will 

be apt to suspect that the treachery was on 
the side of the conquerors, the Clann Colla. 
But who would have had the courage to 
write this in the fourteenth century ? 

mo cam ap cloinn Ulaine, 
pjpeaball jaca h-aon baile, 
a para biop 50 po-jlan, peio ; ni 

ciop jan aobap eipein. 
Ceo jm jaca clomne 6am, 6d m-baip- 

oep liom DO bunao, 
a ck>p cujam ap ciop cpuaio, 506 

ceo ape ip jac ceo uan. 
tiom, 50 mao liain a n-eallac, o 

cloinn TTlaine an ceo peappac, 
cionnlaicio a ciop oom' cill, i n-ecc- 
maip cpice ip peapumn. 

Dal n-t)puirne ni oliccim oe, ciop 
no ppeaccpaoa oile, 

00 clumceap 50 ceano a n-oal ; ni 
learn TTluincip TTlaeilpmnain. 

Na TTlameac o pin amac, liom a 

j-cam ip a j-cabac, 
Oinaio mo ceall o-a coimoe, liom 

a j-ceann pa j-coimeipcce. 
Q m-buao pa n-^eapa pin, me oo op- 

oaij jan ainim. 
Qn peao pabuio oo mo peip, buaio 

jac caca ip a cacpeim. 
Oenuio na jpaoa japcca, comaiple 

mo comapba, 

1 meapj ^aoioeal cuair ip reap, ip 
piap h-aompip jan aimleap. 

Caichaio mo cill cpeomij, oo ainic 

jac n-ameccio 
na h-eupac a cam oam-pa, oo je- 

buc map ^eallam-pa. 
TTlo beannacc ap an pliocc peanj, ap 

cloinn TTlaine na b-picceall, 
ni blaopioeap pop an cloinn, ace 
50 poipioc mo bacall. 

" Great is my tribute on the race of Maine, 
a screaball [scruple] out of every townland, 

Their successes shall be bright and easy; it 
is not a tribute acquired without cause. 

The first born of every family to me, that are 
all baptized by me, 

Their tribute paid to me is a severe tribute, 
every firstling pig and firstling lamb. 

To me belongs may their cattle thence be 
the more numerous ; from the race of 
Maine, the firstling foal, 

Let them convey their tributes to my church, 
besides territory and land. 

From Dal Druithne I am not entitled to tri- 
bute or other demands, 

Their fame is much heard of; the Muinntir 
Maeilfinnain, belong not to me. 

Of all the Hy-Many, these excepted, the tri- 
butes and rents are mine, 

Let them protect my church for its God. 
Their chief and his subjects are mine. 

Their success and injunctions it was I that 
ordained, without defect. 

While they remain obedient to my will, they 
shall be victorious in every battle. 

Let the warlike chiefs observe the advice of 
my successor, 

And among the Gaels north and south, their's 
shall be the unerring director. 

Frequent my sacred church which has pro- 
tected each refugee, 

Refuse not to pay your tribute to me, and you 
shall receive as I have promised. 

My blessing on the agile race, the sons of 
Maine of chess-boards, 

That race shall not be subdued, so as they 
carry my crozier. 



TTleipcce caca na cloinne mo bacall Let the battle standard of the race be my 

50 pip-roicce, crozier of true value, 

noco n-eacpcno cara a j-cloo, beuo And battles will not overwhelm them, their 

a paca go'po-mop. successes shall be very great. 

"TTlop," &c, "Great," &c. 

It is also stated in a poem, addressed to the celebrated Eoghan 
O'Madden, chief of Sil-Anmchadha, written previously to the year 
1 347, that his ancestors came from Clochar mac n-Daimhin. 

In a poem addressed to the same chieftain, a curious list of the 
chiefs of Hy-Many, of whom seven were his ancestors, is given ; and 
though the list cannot be considered perfect, it is nevertheless valu- 
able, as preserving the names of several chiefs of this territory not to 
be found in any other authority ; without it nothing like an accurate 
series of the early chiefs of Hy-Many could now be given, as the 
Irish annals are imperfect. 

1 . Maine Mor, ancestor of all the Hy-Many, was chief of the territory for fifty 
years, after which he died a natural death. 

2. Bresal, son of Maine, thirty years, when he died a natural death, which the 
poem states was surprising, as he had been much engaged in wars. 

3. Fiachra Finn, the son of Bresal (No. 2), seventeen years, when he was trea- 
cherously slain by his brother Maine Mall. Fiachra Finn is styled in the 
poem, " a tower in conflict and battle." He is the ancestor of the O'Nagh- 
tens and O'Mullallys or Lallys. 

4. Conall Cas-ciabhach, i. e. of the curled tresses, was prince of Hy-Maine, 
twenty -two years, when he was slain. He was brother of Fiachra Finn. 

5. Dalian, who was also a brother of Fiachra Finn, was prince of Hy-Maine for 
eleven years, when he was mortally wounded and afterwards drowned. 

6. Duach, the son of Dalian (No. 5), was prince of Hy-Many for sixteen years, 
when he was slain by Maine Macamh. He is called in the poem " a good 
man, and an impartial distributor of justice." 

7. Lughaidh, the son of Dalian, and brother of Duach, was prince or chief 
ruler of Hy-Many for fourteen years, when he died a natural death. 



8. Feradhach, the son of Lughaidh, was prince of Hy-Many for twenty-four 
years, when he was slain by his successor. 

9. Marcan was chief or prince of Hy-Maine for fifteen years, when he was slain 
by the sword as, the poem states, he had deserved. 

10. Cairbre Crom a , son of Feradhach, prince of Hy-Many nine years, when 
he was slain, by his successor. He granted to St. Kieran seventeen townlands 
in Hy-Many. 

11. Cairbre Mac Feachtaine, or Mac Feichine, the son of Feradhach (No. 8), 
was prince of Hy-Many for twenty-six years, when he was slain by Crim- 
thann, after the former had slain his own brother, Cairbre Crom. He was 
father of Brenainn Dall, who died in the year 597, and of the celebrated 
Aedh Guaire, the relative of St. Rodanus of Lorrah, who is mentioned in 
the account of the cursing of Tara in the Annals of Clonmacnoise. He is 
the ancestor of the tribe called Cinel Fechin, who were seated in the barony 
of Leitrim, in the south of the county of Galway. 


a quarter in Kill Tormoir, a quarter in 
Killorain, a quarter in Killmonolog, the 
quarter of Kill Goirill, the quarter of Kill- 
uir Mor, and the quarter of Killuir Beg, 
a quarter in Killupain ; the town and lands 
of Killithain, the town and lands of Kill- 
osaigelain ; half a townland in Maoleach, 
half a towneland in Cluaincuill, a quarter 
in Killchuirin, and the parsonage of the 

a Cairbre Crom According to the Re- 
gistry of Clonmacnoise, as translated by 
Duald Mac Firbis for Sir James Ware (MS. 
Brit. Mus.), this chief granted the follow- 
ing townlands to the Abbey of St. Kieran : 

" Cairbre Crom, the son of Feriogach, 
mac Dallain, macBressal, mac Maine Mor, 
from whom the land of Tirmaine took its 
name, bestowed unto St. Kyran 17 town- 
lands, and three dunta, which signifieth 
three houses, or else three hillocks or steep 
places of building, viz. Dunanoghta, 12 
daies, Dun Beglaitt 1 2 daies, Dun meadh- 
ain 1 2 daies, and three townes in Sraigh 
Kiaran within the Gruan from Belalobhar 
to Rath Cattin, and half a towneland in 
Grortacharn, and half a towneland in Tuaim 
Carrighe, a quarter in Crosconaill, and 
24 daies in the Grainsy, and 24 daies in 
Koyllbelatha, i. e. a quarter in them both, 

same, and the quarter of Dundomnaill in 
Maghfinn, and a quarter in Tuaim Sruthra, 
a quarter in Disiort, the towne and lands 
of the Habart, a towneland in Tuaim 
Greiny, with the emoluments spirituall 
and temporal! ; a quarter in Killtuma, and 
the portion proportionable to five ungaes 
or ounces of silver in Carnagh, that is, a 
quarter and a half in Cluain acha Leaga, 
viz. in Acha Obhair, and the Creagga, and 
in Killiarainn and townlands of Ruan." 


12. Cormac, son of Cairbre Crom, was prince of Hy-Maine for twenty years, 
when he died a natural death. This chieftain is called a saint, and the pa- 
tron of Gill Cormaic. 

13. Eoghan Finn, the son of Cormac, was prince of Hy-Many for nineteen 
years, when he died a natural death. He is the ancestor of the Northern 
Hy-Maine or O'Kellys. 

14. Eoghan Buac, the son of Cormac, and brother of Eoghan Finn, was prince 
of Hy-Many for nineteen years, when he also died a natural death. He is 
the ancestor of the Southern Hy-Many or O'Maddens. 

15. Fichellach, the son of Dicholla, who was son of Eoghan Finn (No. 13), was 
prince of Hy-Many for twelve years, when he was slain by the army of 
Cobhthach, the son of Maelduin, who was son of Donnghallach, who was 
son of Anmchadh, who was son of Eoghan Buac (No. 14, supra). 

1 6. Cobhthach, son of Maelduin, was prince of Hy-Many for twenty years, 
when he was slain by Finnachta, son of Oilill, son of Innrachtach, son of 
Fichellach, son of Dluthach, son of Dicholla, son of Eoghan Finn. 

17. Finnachta, son of Oilill, was prince of Hy-Maine for seventeen years, 
when he was treacherously slain by the son of Cobhthach. 

1 8. Aeiril, or Oilell, the son of Aedh Finn, son of Anmchadh, son of Eogan 
Buac, was prince of Hy-Maine for fourteen years, when he fell in treachery 
by Ceallach, the ancestor after whom the O'Ceallaighs, or O'Kellys, have 
taken their surname. 

19. Cellach, son of Finnachta, who was son of Oilill, who was son of Innrach- 
tach, who was son of Fichellach, who was son of Dluthach, who was son of 
Dicholla, who was son of Eoghan Finn (No. 13, supra), was chief of Hy- 
Many for eighteen years when he was slain. 

20. Diarmaid, the son of Aedh, was prince of Hy-Many for forty years, when 
he died a natural death. He was one of the seven princes of Hy-Many who 
were of the O'Madden or Sil-Anmchadha line. 

2 1 . Tadhg, or Teige Mor O'Kelly, was prince of Hy-Many for thirteen years, 
when he fell in the battle of Clontarf, fighting on the side of Brian Boru, 
monarch of Ireland, A. D. 1014. 

22. Gadhra, lord of Sil Anmchadha, on the death of Teige Mor O'Kelly, be- 
came lord of all Hy-Many, a dignity which he enjoyed for twelve years, 
when he died a natural death. 



Gadhra, the twenty-second prince of Hy-Many, is the last men- 
tioned in the poem from which this list has been taken, and which 
was addressed to Eoghan O Madden, chief of Sil Anmchadha and 
presumptive heir of Hy-Many, who died in the year 1347, accord- 
ing to the Four Masters. After giving this list of the chieftains, the 
Bard goes on to carry the pedigree of his patron, Eoghan O'Madden, 
from Gadhra, the last of the chiefs he enumerates, down to his own 
time, as follows : 

GADHRA, or GABA, was father of 

MADUDAN (or MADDEN), who was father of 

DIARMAID, who was father of 

MADUDAN, who was father of 

DIARMAID, who was father of 

MADUDAN MOR, who was father of 

CATHAL, who was father of 

MURCHADH, of Magh Bealaigh, who was father of 

EOGHAN O MADDEN, to whom the poem was addressed. 

In another poem, preserved in the same manuscript, and addressed 
to the same Eoghan O'Madden, the seven chieftains of his family, 
who became princes of all Hy-Many, are enumerated in the following 
order: i. Eoghan Buac, 2. Cobhthach, 3. Oilill, 4. Gadhra Mor, son 
of Dunadhach, 5. Diarmaid, 6. Oilill, 7. Diarmaid; and the Bard 
adds, that Eoghan O'Madden himself was expected to be the eighth. 

The other chiefs of Hy-Many will be given in the pedigree of 
O'Kelly, Note A, at the end of this tract. 

After the Burkes, or De Burghs, had established themselves in 
the county of Galway, the limits of Hy-Many were very much cir- 
cumscribed 1 ', the baronies of Leitrim, Loughrea, and Athenry, which 


b Circumscribed. It appears from an of March, 1608, before Geffry Osbaldston, 
inquisition taken at Galway, on the 2Oth Esq. that " Ulick Bourke, first Earl of 


were originally a part of Hy-Many, being seized upon by the Burkes, 
and made a part of their territory of Clanrickard ; and it is remark- 
able that in the year 1585, O'Madden's country was not considered 
a part of Hy-Many. (See Note B, at the end of this tract.) In the 
reign of Elizabeth it consisted only of five baronies, as appears from 
a curious document to be found among the " Inrolments tempore 
Elizabeths," in the Auditor General's Office, Dublin, dated 6th 
August, 1585. From this Document the Editor is tempted to present 
the reader with the following extract, which throws a curious light 
on the state of Hy-Many in the reign of Queen Elizabeth : 

" Agreement between the Irish chieftains and inhabitants of Imany, called 
the O'Kellie's country, on both sides of the river of Suck, in Connaught, and 
the Queen's Majesty, viz. Hugh O'Kelly of Lisecalhone c , otherwise called 
O'KELLY, Teige Mac William O'Kelly, of Mullaghmore d , and Connor Oge 
O'Kelly, of Killiane 6 , competitors for the name of Tanestshippe of O'KELLY ; 


once the seat of lavish hospitality, is 
now a mere mound of earth in the neigh- 
bourhood of Mount Bellew, and the lands 
are held by the present Sir Michael Bel- 
lew on lease. I know npt that there is 
any representative of the family in exis- 
tence ; but the old houses have changed 
their places of abode, so that you would 
scarce recognize Athleague in Cargins, 
Gallagh in Tycooly, Screen in Castle 
Kelly, Clanmacnowen in Clooncannon, 

Clanricarde, before his creation by Henry 
VIII. was seized in fee, by descent from 
his ancestors, of the territory of Clanri- 
carde, consisting of six baronies, viz. Lei- 
trim, Loughreogh, Dunkellyn, Kiltartan 
or Kiltaraght, Clare, and Athenry, some 
of the manors whereof he held in demesne, 
and all the rest of the said country that 
was possessed by the gentlemen and free- 
holders, were holden from him by knight's 

c Lisecalhone, now probably Lisnahoon, 
in the parish of Kilmaine and barony of 

d Mullaghmore On the situation and 
present state of this place, Denis H. Kelly, 
Esq. of Castle- Kelly, writes as follows, 
in a letter to the Editor, dated October 
1 7th, 1841 : "The Castle of Mullaghmore, 

&c. &c. ; and possibly some of the occu- 
piers of now unimportant places may be 
the descendants of that hospitable house." 
e Killiane, now Killian, or Killyan (in 
Irish CiU Ircun, as written by Duald Mac 
Firbis), the seat of J. Cheevers, Esq., in 
the parish and barony of Killian, in the 
county of Galway. 

Connor ne Garroglie O'Kelly, of Gallaghe f , and Shane ne Moye O'Kelly, of 
the Criaghe g , Generosus ; William O'Mannine, of Mynloghe h , otherwise called 
O'MANNINE ; Moriartagh O'Concannon, of Kiltullagh 1 , otherwise called O'CoN- 
CANNON ; Shane O'Naghten, of MoynureJ, otherwise called O'NAGHTEN ; Ed- 
mond Mac Keoghe, of Owenagh k , otherwise called MAC KEOGHE ; Donoerh 
O'Murry, of Ballymurry 1 , otherwise called O'MuRRY ; Covaghe O'Fallone, of 
the Milltowne m , otherwise called O'FALLONE ; and Connor Mac Geraghte, other- 
wise called MAC GERRAGHTE D . 

" The territory of Imany, called O'Kelly's country, is divided into five 
principal barronyes, that is to wytte, Athlone, Killconnell, Teaquine, Killyane, 
and Maycarnane , all which contain 665^ quarters of land, each at 1 20 acres. 

f GattagJie, now Gallagh, or Castle 
Blakeney, a post town and parish, partly 
in the barony of Kilconnell, but mostly in 
that of Killian, in the county of Galway. 

g Criaghe, now Creagh, a parish in the 
barony of Moycarn, in the south of the 
county of Roscommon, adjoining the town 
of Ballinasloe. 

h Mynloghe, now Menlough, or Minla, 
a village situate in the parish of Killas- 
cobe, barony of Tiaquin, and county of 
Galway, about three miles and a half 
south-west of Castle Blakeney. O'Mannin's 
castle here was lately destroyed by light- 
ning, and is now a shattered ruin. For a 
curious Irish deed relating to this family 
see Note C, at the end of this tract. 

5 Kiltullagh is so called at this day, and 
is the seat of J. D'Arcy, Esq. ; it is situ- 
ated in a parish of the same name, which 
parish lies partly in the barony of Kil- 
connell, but chiefly in that of Athenry, 
in the county of Galway. 

J Moynure, in the parish of Drum, in 


the barony of Athlone and county of Ros- 

k Owenagh, now Onagh, in the parish 
of Taghmaconnell, which parish is nearly 
coextensive with Mac Keogh's country, 
anciently called Magh Finn See Addi- 
tional Notes, D. 

1 Battymurry is so called at this day, 
and is the name of a townland, and of the 
seat of Captain E. W. Kelly, in the parish 
of Kilmaine, barony of Athlone, and coun- 
ty of Roscommon. 

m Mitttowne, a townland in the parish 
of Dysart in the barony of Athlone. The 
ruins of O'Fallon's Castle are still to be 
seen in this townland. 

n Mac Gerraghte, now called Mac Ger- 
raghty and Geraghty. This family, though 
at the period to which this document 
relates they were settled in Hy-Many, 
were a branch of the Siol-Muireadhaigh 
or O'Conors of Connaught. 

Maycarnane. These baronies are 
known by the same names at this day, 


" It is agreed by all tlie forenamed parties that the captainshippe and tanist- 
shippe of the said country, heretofore used by the said O'Kellies, and all ellec- 
tions and Irish customary division of lands shall be utterly abolished and ex- 
tinct for ever : that Hugh, otherwise called O'KELLY, shall possess these four 
quarters of land, viz. Lisennoke, Ferranbreaghe, Lysdallen, and Moydowe, 
now in his possession, and which are situated in Eraght-O'Murry and Mac 
Edmond's country, in the barony of Athlone, with a chief rent out of various 
other lands within the said country, which amount in the whole to 56 195. 6d. 
during his natural life, and after his death the said lands to be freed and dis- 
charged of the aforesaid rents. 

" That Teige Mac William O'Kelly shall have and possess the quarters of 
Mullaghmore, Cornegallaghe, Carrownesire, and Carrowneboe. And Connor 
Oge O'Kelly shall have four quarters in and about the town of Killiane, but 
upon this special condition, which they bind themselves to, that they and their 
heirs shall henceforth behave themselves like good subjects ; shall put no ym- 
position or chardge upon the inhabyters of the lands, and shall bring uppe their 
children after the English fashions, and in the use of the Englishe tounge." 

The Editor cannot close these remarks without returning thanks 
to those friends who have assisted him in editing and illustrating the 
present tract on Hy-Many. Among these he has the honor of rec- 
koning D. H. Kelly, of Castle Kelly, Esq., the representative of an 
ancient branch of the O'Kellys of Hy-Many, who has kindly com- 
municated many curious facts relating to the history and topography 
of Hy-Many, and with whom the Editor spent some happy days in 
examining the ancient localities of the territory ; also James Hardi- 
man, Esq., the Author of the History of Galway, whose knowledge 
of the Anglo-Norman records of Ireland is not exceeded, if equalled, 
by any one now living, and whose acquaintance with the history of 


but spelled somewhat differently, thus : The baronies of Athlone and Moycarnan 
i. Athlone ; 2. Kilconnell ; 3. Tiaquin ; are in the county of Eoscommon, and the 
4. Killian ; 5. Moycarn or Moycarnan. other three in the county of Galway. 


Ireland in general, and with that of his native province in particular, 
entitles him to a distinguished place among the historians of Ireland. 
The Editor also feels it his duty to acknowledge the great obligations 
he owes to Dr. Todd, of Trinity College, not only for the facilities 
he has afforded him in giving him access to the MSS. of the Univer- 
sity Library, but also for many valuable suggestions as to the mode 
of translating and elucidating the present tract. He is further bound 
to record his obligations to Mr. Eugene Curry, whose acquaintance 
with the contents of the Irish MSS. in the Library of Trinity College 
and elsewhere is not equalled by any living scholar. And he has 
likewise to express his gratitude to Mr. Petrie, the most distinguished 
antiquary in Ireland, from whom he first acquired whatever skill he 
possesses in distinguishing history from fable ; and to Captain Larcom, 
of the Royal Engineers, under whom the Editor has been employed 
for the last twelve years in examining the ancient and modern topo- 
graphy of Ireland, and who has kindly afforded him many facilities 
in referring to the published Ordnance Maps, for the modern topo- 
graphical information contained in the notes to the present tract. 

J. O'D. 


ua maiNe. 

h-ua maiwe ant) so, 

dine TTlop, mac Gachac pip Da giall, mic Dorh- 
naill, mic ImcaDa, mic Colla t-a Cpfc, aen rhac 
laip, .1. bpepal. Cuig meic la bpepal, .1. piacpa 
pint), ocup Dalian, ocup Conall, ocup Cpeam- 
cano, ocup TTlaine TTiall, a quo h-Ui TTlaine 
bpen^aip. Upi meic Oallain, nmc bpepail, .1. 
Ouac, ocup Lugaib, ocup Coman. Cui^ meic Lu^aib, .1. t>a Gogan, 
ocup CpemchanD Gael, ocup peapaoac, ocup pinDall parac, uc 
Dine poera : 

Go^an, Gojan, Cpimchano Gael, 
pa paep an cmel bpachap, 
cuig meic LugaiD, nipp cimaip 
peapaoac, pinnall parac. 

Upi meic peapagam, .1. Caipppi Cpom, ocup Caipppi mac 


The ornamented initial letter TT1 is taken graved. 

from the Book of Kells, in the Library of a Creamtkann In a genealogy of the 

Trinity College, Dublin. The Society is Hy-Many, preserved in a MS. in Tri- 

indebted to Dr. Aquilla Smith for the nity College, Dublin, H. 2. 17. p. 49, he is 

drawing from which the wood-cut is en- called Cpemccmo Coel. 



Aine Mor, son of Eochaidh Ferdaghiall, son of 
Domhnall, son of Imchadh, son of Colla da Crich, 
had one son, namely, Bresal. Bresal had five sons, 
namely, Fiachra Finn, Dalian, Conall, Creamthann a , 
and Maine Mall, a quo h-Ui Maine Brengair. Dal- 
ian, son of Bresal, had three sons viz., Duach, 
Lughaidh, and Loman. Lughaidh had five sons, viz., two Eoghans, 
Cremthann Gael, Fearadhach, and Finnal Fathach, ut dixit poeta : 

"Eoghan, Eoghan, Crimthann Gael, 
Noble was the race of brothers 5 , 
Five sons of Lughaidh, the resolute, 
Feradhach, Finnall Fathach." 

Fearaghach had three sons, viz., Cairpri Crom, Cairpri Mac 


b Race of brothers In the MS. H. 2. 17. 
p. 49, the reading is, ba poep in cechpop 
bpacap, L e. noble were the four brothers. 

c Fearaghach. In H. 2. 17. p. 49, this 
name is more correctly written pepaoctch 


in the nominative form, and pepcrocnj in 
the genitive. It was very common as the 
name of a man in Ily-Many, particularly 
among the family of O'Naghten, in the last 
century, but it is now nearly obsolete. 

peinne, ocup NaDpluaig, a quo h-Ua pmain. Caipppi, mac 
peichine, ceirpi meic laip, .1. bpenainD Oall, ocup Qet) Qbla, ocup 
Qet) ^uaipi, ocup Loiuin. Occ meic bpenamt) Daill, .1. Colman, 
ocup Coman, ocup TTlaelbpaca, no Cponan, ocup ^apban, ocup 
'Coman, ocup Qmlaib [al. Qmal^aib], ocup TTlaine, ocup plant). 

C6QNN ChOmaiR 

Conall, mac Copmaic, mic Ceiuennais, mic po^ancai^, mic 
i^, mic Gacrgaile, mic Secnapai^, mic Congail, mic 
Go^am, micComam, mic bnenainD Daill, mic Cainpni peicine, mic 
peapaoaig, mic Cuigbeach, mic Dallain, mic bpepail, mic TTldine 

TTlupcacan, mac Soclacam, mic Diapmaca, mic pep^upa, mic 
TTlupcaDa, mic Ouib-oa-ruar, mic Daimine, mic Oaimt>aipi, mic 
Qilella, mic Coipbine, mic QeDa, mic CpimcliainD Chaeil, mic 
tu^oac, mic Oallain, mic bpepail, mic TTlaine TTloip. 

NUNC h-UQ NQt)S6Uai5 .1. h-UQ F1NOTR 

Qilell, mac pmain, mic Ceallai^, mic Naopluai^, mic peapa- 
oai<5, mic Lui^oeac, mic Dallain, mic bpepail, mic TTlaine TTloip. 

Caipppi Cpom en mac laip, .1. Copmac. Da mac la Copmac, 


d Feithine __ pechene, in H. 2. 7. p. 49. chief of Hy-Many, and died, according to 

e Loithin __ Cochme, in H. 2. 7. the Annals of the Four Masters, in the year 

f Murckatan, or TTlupchaoan, as more 936. He succeeded his brother Mugh- 

correctly written in H. 2. 7. p. 49, was ron, who died in the year 904. They 

Feitliine d , and Nadsluaigh a quo O'Finain. Cairpri Mac Feithine had 
four sons, viz., Brenainn Dall, Aedh Abla, Aedh Guairi, and Loithin 6 . 
Brenainn Dall had eight sons, viz., Colman, Coman, Maelbracha, or 
Cronan, Garbhan, Toman, Amlaibh [Amalgaidh], Maine and Flann. 


Conall, son of Cormac, son of Ceithernach, son of Fogartach, son of 
Fearadhach, son of Eachtghal, son of Sechnasach, son of Congal, son 
of Eoghan, son of Coman, son of Brenainn Dall, son of Cairpri Fech- 
ine, son of Fearadhach, son of Lughaidh, son of Dalian, son of Bresal, 
son of Maine Mor. 


Murchatan f , son of Sochlachan 5 , son of Diarmait, son of Fergus, 
son of Murchadh, son of Dubh-da-thuath, son of Daimin, son of 
Damhdairi, son of Ailell, son of Coirbin, son of Aedh, son of Grim- 
thann Gael, son of Lughaidh, son of Dalian, son of Breasal, son of 
Maine Mor. 


Ailell, son of Finan, son of Cellach, son of Nadsluaigh, son of 
Fearadhach, son of Lughaidh, son of Dalian, son of Bresal, son of 
Maine Mor. 


Cairpri Crom had one son, namely, Cormac. Cormac had two 
sons, viz., Eoghan Finn and Eoghan Buac. From Eoghan Finn, the 


were the fifteenth in descent from Maine according to the Annals of the Four Mas- 
Mor, the common ancestor of the Hy- ters, died a priest (in clericatu) in the year 
Many. 908, having, many years before, resigned 

g Sochlachan was chief of Hy-Many, and, the government to his son Mughron. 

E 2 


.1. Govern pinn, ocup Gogan buac. Gojan Pinn, Dia ra cuaipcepr 
O TTlaine, ocup Govern buacc, a quo Deipcepr O TTlaine. 

Ceaupap mac la h-Go^an pinn, .1. Oicolla, ocup piccellac, 
ocup TTlaelanpait), ocup Scanntan, ocup Scannall. TTlaelanpaiO 
eipioi, a quo h-Ua 

CtdNN CeRN(I1 1NSO. 

Connagan mac Cepnaig, mic Gilella, mic Cepnaig, mic Cop- 
cpaij;, mic piocellai^, mic Oicolla, mic Go^ain pint). 

Cop5pac, mac Cepnaij, mic Qilella, ceiupi meic t>e<5 laip; 
t)ibam iat)-pi6em ace cerpap, .1. plaicem, ocup Cepnac, ocup Dair- 
j;eat, ocup Duibmnpacc. Oubcailli, mac Cacrnam, mic 
mic phlainm, mic Copgpai^, mic Cepnaij. 

Lom^peac, mac mic Copmaic, mic Ciapoeipj, mic 
mic plaichim, mic Copgpaig. 

Ip iat> po pop-ploinnci pil Cepnai^, .1. h-Ua pmain, h-Ua Cai6in, 
h-Ua Caccnan, h-Ua Conbuioi, h-Ua Ullpcait), h-Ua ChemneDio, 


h CPDuibhginn __ This family are to be Neither name is now extant in Hy-Many. 

distinguished from the 'Dubkagains, for J O'Laidhin, written h-Ui Cuijm, in 

the latter descend from Sodan, the son of H. 2. 7. The name is now Anglicised 

Fiacha Araidh, king of Ulster, about the Lyne and Lyons. This family had con- 

year 240 See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, Part siderable possessions in the territory of 

III. c. 66, p. 327. The name O'Duibhginn Hy-Many, in the reign of James I., for 

is Anglicised Deegin in Leinster, but the it appears from an inquisition taken at 

Editor is not aware that the name exists Kilconnell, on the 22nd of August, 1617, 

in Hy-Many at present : the O'Dubhagains, that Donogh O'Lyne and Edmond O'Lyne 

or Doogans are numerous there, but they of Ballinvoggane, in the barony of Kil- 

are not of the Hy-Many race. connell, and John Graney O'Lyne, of Lis- 

' (PFinain, more correctly h-1 Uam in nagrey, and Turlogh O'Lyne, of Lehergen, 

H. 2. 7. as it appears on p. 27, that were seized of Lecarrowintlevy and Lis- 

O'Finain is not of the Clann Cernaigh. senuskey, in the barony of Kilconnell. And 

2 9 

Northern Ui Maine are descended, and from Eoghan Buac, the 
Southern Ui Maine. 

Eoghan Finn had four sons, namely, Dicholla, Fithchellach, Mae- 
lanfaidh, Scannlan, and Scannall. From this Maelanfaidh 0'Duibhginn h 
is descended. 


Connagan, son of Cernach, son of Ailell, son of Cernach, son of 
Coscrach, son of Fidhchellach, son of Dicholla, son of Eoghan Finn. 

Cosgrach, son of Cernach, son of Ailell, had fourteen sons, who 
all died without issue except four, viz., Flaithemh, Cernach, Daithgeal, 
and Duibhinnracht. Dubhcailli, son of Lacthnan, son of Innrachtach, 
son of Flaithemh, son of Cosgrach, son of Cernach. 

Loingsech, son of the son of Cormac, son of Ciardearg, son of 
Fidhgal, son of Flaithemh, son of Cosgrach. 

These are the common surnames of the race of Cernach, viz., 
O'Finain 1 , O'Laidhin j , O'Lachtnain k , O'Conbhuidhi 1 , O'Ullscaidh m , 


another inquisition, taken at the Abbey must be understood in the sense of plebeian 

of St. Francis, on the 29th of January, in surnames. 

the 1 6th of James I., finds that Redmond * O'Lachtnain This surname is now 

O'Lyne died on the 6th of July, 1615, correctly Anglicised O'Laughnan, and the 

seised of fee of portions of the townlands Editor knows a family who have changed 

of Ballinvogan, BaDykie, and Creganigragh, it to O'Loughlin. 

all which were held of the king in capite l ffConbhuidhe Correctly Anglicised 

by Knight's service. O'Flaherty, in Ogy- Conwy, but sometimes changed to Con- 

gia, Part III. c. 1 1, says that in his own way to make it look English, 
time the family of O'Layn, in Hy-Many, m 0' Uttscaidh, written in H. 2. 7. 

the proprietors of a handsome estate, O'paUpcuioi. The Editor is not aware 

looked upon themselves to be of Firbolgic that the name is now extant in either form 

descent, and if he be correct in this state- in Hy-Many or in any part of Ireland. It 

ment, the term pop-ploinnce, in the text, might be Anglicised Ulskey or Falskey. 


IvUa Oopcami, h-Ua Smacain, h-Ua pupat>ain, h-Ua Cuilein, 
li-Ua Cpabafcain. 

TTlaeliya puab, mac Saepbperai^, mic plamo, mic 
, mic Saepbperai^, mic TTluipcepcais, mic ploinO, mic 
, mic ^oifcin, mic plaichim, mic plaicgili, mic Cop^pai^, 
mic piocellaig. 

lnt)|iaccach, mac Olurai^, mic Oilella, mic Innpecraig, mic 
Olucai^, mic phircellai^, mic Oicolla, mic Go^am pino, mic 
Copmaic, mic Caipppi Cpuim. 

Ouibginn, mac peap^aili, mic Qilella, mic Conaill, mic Qilella, 
mic Innpaccai^. 

Ceallac, mac pinoacca, mic Qilella, mic Innpaccaig. 

, mic 

!, mac Inopaccai^, mic plairma, mic plaiceamail, 
mic Olurai^. 

h-ua t)omNaiC6. 

Oomnall, mac Ouncaoa, mic TTluipcepcai^, mic plairma, mic 
, mic pioceallai^, mic Oicolla. 


n O'Ceinneididh, now Anglicised O'Ken- p G'Sidhachain, now Anglicised Shee- 

nedy ; but this family must not be con- ban. 

founded with the O' Kennedys of Ormond, q G'Furadhain, now Foran ; but the 

who were of the same stock with the name is not very numerous in Hy-Many, 

O'Briens. though it is elsewhere. 

O 1 Dorchaidhi, now Anglicised Dorcey r tyCuilein, now Anglicised Cullen and 

and D' Arcy, but this family must be dis- Collins. This name must be distinguished 

tinguished from the O'Dorceys, the ancient from the O'Cuilens or Collins's, of the 

chiefs of Partry, near Lough Mask, in the counties of Cork and Limerick, who are 

county of Mayo, from whom the Darceys of a totally different stock. 

of Galway and Clifden have sprung, ac- s O'Crabhadhain __ This name is now un- 

cording to Duald Mac Firbis. known in Hy-Many. It was pronounced 

3 1 

O'Ceinneididh", O'Dorchaidhi , 0'Sidliachain p , 0'Furadhain q , O'Cuil- 
ein r , O'Crabhadhain 5 . 


Maelisa, the Red, son of Saerbrethach, son of Flann, son of Gilla 
suasanaigh, son of Saerbrethach, son of Muirchertach, son of Flann, 
son of Aedhagan, son of Goistin, son of Flaithemh, son of Flaithghil, 
son of Cosgrach, son of Fidhchellach. 

Innrachtach, son of Dluthach, son of Oilell", son of Innrechtach, 
son of Dluthach v , son of Fithchellach w , son of Dicholla, son of Eoghan 
Finn, son of Cormac, son of Cairpri Crom. 

Duibhginn, son of Feargal, son of Ailell, son of Conall, son of 
Ailell, son of Innrachtach. 

Ceallach, son of Finnachta, son of Ailell, son of Innrachtach. 


Maelbrighdi, son of Innrachtach, son of Flaithnia, son of Flaith- 
eamhail, son of Dluthach. 


Domhnall, son of Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach, son of Flaith- 
nia, son of Dluthach 1 , son of Fidhcheallach, son of Dicholla. 


by the Irish O'Cravane. T Dluthack, was prince of Hy- Many, and 

c Tlie Clann Aedhagain These were died in the year 738. He was succeeded by 

the Mac Egans, who afterwards became his son Flaithnia, who died in the year 750. 

Brehons to different chieftains in different w Fithchettach, i. e. the chess-player, was 

parts of Ireland. For some account of chief of Hy-Many, and was slain A. D. 

them and their pedigree, the reader is re- 622. This line, from which the Mac 

ferred to Note E, at the end of this tract. Egans have sprung, was once very power- 

" Oilett. He was prince or chief of all ful, which led Connell Mac Geoghegan to 

Hy-Many, and died, according to the An- remark, in a note to the Annals of Clon- 

nals of the Four Masters, in the year 794. macnoise, that the Mac Egans were the 

His son Cathal succeeded him, and died in senior family of Hy-Many. 

834. x Flaithnia, son of Dluthach He was 

6Resai6, a quo n-ui 

Oomnallan, mac TTlaelbpisoi, mic 5p eriai1 % ic toinjjpic, mic 
Domnallam, mic bpepail, mic Dluraig, mic piccellaig, nnc Oi- 
colla, mic Gogain Pmo. 

C6QNN FiaChrca F^N CCNN SO. 
Ceirpi meic piacjia pint), .1. Qmlaib, Caijippi, Gochaib, 

Neccam, mac TTlaeilceip, mic Ctengufa, mic Uuarail, mic 
Tlliclaeic, mic Conalai^, mic Qmalgait), mic Demmneoaig, mic 
Oima, mic Caio^mt), mic TTlaeluiDip, mic Qet>a, mic pinncam, 
mic Qmlaib, mic piacpac PIHD, mic bjiepail, mic TDaine TTloip. 

Qmlaib, mac ^ll\ Cjiipo, mic Oomnaill, mic CeinDeiOiD, mic 
Domnaill, mic TTIaelpalaio, a quo h-Ua TTlaeilpalait), mic Concici, 
mic TTlaelcuili, mic ITIeiclaic, mic ConDalai^. 

Cacc, mac Seip^ma, mic piacpac Pino, an uaip t>o manb ye 
Ctilell, mac piacpac Pino, Do cuaio pe co h-Qet>an bpuinDi luim, 
mic pepjupa, mic Gogam, mic Neill Nof-giallaig; ocup ip uime a 
oeapuai Geban bpuinOi luim, .1. a bpumni lorn o paebpaib col^, 


chief of all the principality of Hy-Many, some account of the present locality, &c., 

and died in the year 750, according to the of this family see Note F, at the end of 

Annals of the Four Masters __ See Note v , this tract. 

supra. z Dluthach, son of Fithchellach __ This is 

y The O'Domknallains, now Anglicised the Dluthach, mentioned in Note v , supra, 

Donnellan, without the prefix O'. For as chief of Hy-Many, and as having died 



Domhnallan, son of Maelbrighdi, son of Grenan, son of Loingsech, 
son of Domhnallan, son of Bresal,son of Dluthach, son of Fithchellach 2 , 
son of Dicholla, son of Eoghan Finn. 


Fiachra Finn had four sons, viz., Amlaibh, Cairpri, Eochaidh, 


Nechtain a , son of Maelcheir, son of Aengus, son of Tuathal, son 
of Maclaeich, son of Connalach, son of Amhalgaidh, son of Deinm- 
nedhach, son of Dima, son of Laidginn, son of Maeluidhir, son of 
Aedh, son of Finntan, son of Amhlaibh, son of Fiachra Finn, son of 
Bresal, son of Maine Mor. 


Amlaibh, son of Gilla Christ, son of Domhnall, son of Ceinneididh, 
son of Domhnall, son of Maelf halaidh, a quo O'Maelfhalaidh, son of 
Cucichi, son of Maeltuili, son of Maclaeich, son of Connalach. 

Catt, son of Seisgnia, son of Fiachra Finn, when he slew Ailell, 
son of Fiachra Finn, went to Aedan Bruinni luim [of the bare 
breast], son of Fergus, son of Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hos- 
tages : he was called Aedan Bruinni luim, because his breast was bare 
from the edges of swords and arms ; and Catt married Eadan, the 


in the year 738. b The O'Maeilalaidfi's, now Anglicised 

a Nechtain He was the ancestor of the Mullally and Lally. For some account of 

O'Naghtens, for some account of whom this family see Note H, at the end of this 

see Note G, at the end of this tract. tract. 



ocup ajim, ocup cue Cac Gaoan, in^en Getxtin, ocup yiug ff mac 
t>o, .1. l?uat>an mac Caic, o puileo mumncep Ruaoan, ocup fio an- 
pao a compagap a fean-achap, .1. Qet>an, mac pepgupa, ocup a 
Cuil Gneijiis t>o anpaD. 

NUNC sit maetaNFCu'o. oo ^eMeacach h-ui toman. 

Ruaiojn, mac Comoli^ain, mic Opaignem, mic Gchach, mic 
Connmai^, mic pojibapai^, mic Combeanaig, mic Reccagain, mic 
Ot)]iain, mic TTlaeilenait), mic Gachac, mic Qmmipech, mic Qen- 
5upa domain, mic Oallam, mic bjiepail, mic TTlaine TTloip, a quo 
li-Ua TDaiiie. 

Cui^ meic Qen^upa Lomain, mic Oallam, .1. t>a Gochaio, ocup 
Qinmipi, ocup Cajipuac, ocup parac, uc poeca t)ixic : 

Gochaio, Gochait), Qinmipe, 
Cappracli, caime cpaebDopa, 
Dpong bjiacliap t>o aipmipa, 
pachach pmn, mac Qengupa. 

ciwet cRiraiM QNDSO. 

, mac TTleipcill, mic bpua^aip, mic pirmacca, mic 
Conclochaip, mic paelcon, mic Cyiicam, mic Qinmipec, mic Qen- 
gupa Lomain. 

ciwec Fctoicnt)h INSO. 

Copmac, mac ITIaenai^, mic Qilibaip, mic Colaim, mic Pecc- 
amail, mic Colmam, mic plaint), mic Qen^upa, mic UpaDpam, mic 
, mic Qen^upa Lomain. 

c CFLomain This seems to be the name the name were no doubt formerly power- 

now Anglicised Lomond, but the Editor ful, for we learn from the Annals of the 

is not aware that it is at present extant Four Masters, at the year 949, that O'Lo- 

in Hy-Many, where a family or tribe of main, of Gaela, defeated the inhabitants of 


daughter of Aedan, and she brought forth a son for him, viz., Ruadan 
Mac Caitt, from whom the Muinter Ruadhain are descended ; and 
they remained in the vicinity of their grandfather, i. e. of Aedan, 
the son of Fergus, at a place called Cuil aneirig. 



Ruaidhri, son of Coinnligan, son of Draighnen, son of Eochaidh, 
son of Connmach, son of Forbasach, son of Coidbeanach, son of 
Rechtagan, son of Odhran, son of Maelenaidh, son of Eochaidh, son 
of Ainmire, son of Aengus Loman, son of Dalian, son of Bresal, son 
of Maine Mor, a quo h-Ui Maine. 

Aengus Loman, the son of Dalian, had five sons, viz., two Eoch- 
aidhs, Ainmire, Carrthach, and Fathach; ut poeta dixit: 
"Eochaidh, Eochaidh, Ainmire, 

Carrthach, the beautiful, fair branch, 

A race of brothers I have enumerated 

And Fathach Finn were the sons of Aengus." 


Flannagan, son of Meisgell, son of Bruagar, son of Finnachta, son 
of Cuclochair, son of Faelchu, son of Critan, son of Ainmire, son of 
Aengus Loman. 


Connac*, son of Maenach, son of Ailibar, son of Colum, son of 
Rechtamhail, son of Colman, son of Flann, son of Aengus, son of 
Uradhran, son of Fathadh, son of Aengus Loman. 


Ormond in that year. There was another d The Cinel Fathaidh, i. e. the race of 

branch of the family settled at Finnabhair, Fathadh. Cormac, the last of this tribe 

now Finnure, in the barony of Leitrim, mentioned in the pedigree, was the thir- 

and county of Galway See Map. teenth in descent from Maine Mor (the 



QNN so. 

plant), mac Cinaeua, mic Oonngaili, mic Gachac, mic Gijime- 
, mic Congalai^, mic Innfcelbaib, mic Daioiennai-fj, mic Cpun- 

tain, mic pep^na, mic Qe6a Senaij, mic Gachach, mic Qinmipech, 

mic Genjupa Lomam. 

^eweacac h-ua coumaic maeNTnuj^i. 

Niall, mac Ceajibaill mic TTlailcoba, mic Rut>5upa, mic pollac- 
, mic Concaipyil, mic phaccr;a, mic Caccnain, mic phinouam 

, mic Seirh, mic Cojimaic, mic Cpimchainn, mic 
mic TTlaine TTloip. 

h-ua N-t)uach. 

, mic DTlaine TTloip. 

Ouac, mac Oatlain, mic 

common ancestor of the Hy-Many race), 
and must have been, therefore, cotempo- 
rary with Oilioll Maclnrachtach, who died 
chief of Hy-Many in the year 794, and who 
was the same number of generations from 
the same Maine. It must not be supposed 
that hereditary surnames were in use at 
this time, nor is it even certain, though 
it may be possible, that the tribe here 
called Cinel-Fathaidh, were the people 
whose descendants, after the tenth cen- 
tury, took the hereditary surname of 
O'Fathaidh. The family of O'Fahy, whe- 
ther they be of this tribe or not, are still 
very numerous in the southern part of 
Hy-Many ; the name is now generally An- 
glicised Fahy, without the O' ; but in one 
instance the O' is retained, and the re- 

mainder shortened to Fay. This, however, 
is not to be recommended, nor is the vile 
practice of translating the name to Green, 
from its resemblance to the Irish word 
pairce, a green or field, to be applauded. 
It appears from the inquisitions taken in 
the reign of James L, that several branches 
of this family had then some fee simple 
property in the barony of Loughrea. An 
inquisition taken at Loughrea, on the 
1 6th of September, in the year 1617, 
before Sir Charles Coote, finds that Teige 
Antlevy [i. e. of the mountain] O'Fahy 
is seised of fee of portions of Lishadoile 
Kealuragh, and Cappaghard; that Teige 
O'Fahy and Edmond O'Fahy, his son, are 
seised of fee of a portion of the quarter of 
Knockanteige and Cappaghard ; and that 



Flann, son of Cinaeth, son of Donnghal, son of Eochaidh, son of 
Ainnedhach, son of Congalach, son of Inndelbhaidh, son of Daith- 
nennaigh, son of Cmndan, son of Fergna, son of Aedh Senach, son 
of Eochaidh, son of Ainmire, son of Aengus Loman. 


Niall, son of Cerbhall, son of Maelcobha, son of Rudgus, son of 
Follachtach, son of Cucaissil, son of Fachtna, son of Lachtnan, son of 
Finntan Uallach, son of Siath, son of Cormac, son of Crimthann, son 
of Bresal, son of Maine Mor. 


Duach, son of Dalian, son of Bresal, son of Maine Mor. 


church, situated in the parish of Abbeygor- 
migan, close to the boundary between the 
baronies of Loughrea and Longford, in the 
county of Galway. See Ordnance Map of 
the county of Galway, sheet 98. The last 
of this tribe mentioned above in the text 
was the fifteenth in descent from Maine 
Mor, the common ancestor of the Hy- 
Many, and was therefore cotemporary with 
the celebrated Cathal Mac Ailella, chief of 
Hy-Many, who died in 844, who was the 
fifteenth from the same Maine ; and we must 
therefore suppose that O'Lomain was then 
a tribe name, and not a hereditary surname. 
f Maenmagh, sometimes Anglicised 
Moinmoy, and sometimes corruptly Me- 
nevy. For the situation and extent of this 
territory see index and notes. 

Edmond Uny O'Fahy, Edmond Oge Mac 
Edmond O'Fahy, Eichard Mac Edmond 
O'Fahy, and Teige Mac Edmond Oge O'Fa- 
hy, were seised of fee of portions of Kealu- 
ragh, Lishadoile, and Cappaghard ; and 
that John Mac Uny O'Fahy was seised of 
fee of portions of the townlands of Lisha- 
doile, Cahercranilly, Garryblaken, andBal- 
linrowan, all in the barony of Loughrea. 
There is a tradition in the barony of 
Loughrea, that the Earl of Clanrickard 
found it very difficult to get the O'Fahys 
to pay him tribute, their chief always 
telling the Earl that the lands he possess- 
ed were his own, and that the Earl had 
no claim on them. 

c Finnabhair is now called Finnure, and 
is a townland containing the ruins of an old 


Cuba^a mac Ceallaig, mic Oun^aili, TYIIC Congail, mic Con- 
upa, mic Ronain, mic rTlaeluma, mic Cpimchainn, mic bpepail, 

Seweatach sit N-aNimchcfoa. 

Qnmcao, mac Go^ain buacc, mic Copmaic,mic Caipppi Chpuim, 
rpi meic leip, .1. Donogalac, ocup pian^alac, ocu^ pojibapac. 
TTlaelDum, mac Donn^alaig, Da mac laip, .1. Cobrac, ocuy 1 lnt)]iac- 
cac. 5 at) r a ' ac ^una^c^Sj Tnic Com^pij, mic DunagaiD, mic 
Cobrai^, mic ITlailiDum, mic Donngalai^, mic QnmcaDa. 

TTlaelcoced^, mac Oonn^aili, mic Qnmcata. Oa mac Dunag- 
aig, mic Cobcaij;, .1. Lom^pech, ocup Dpai^nen, a quo h-Ua 
Opaijnen, .1. Ceant>paelaD, mac PIUD, mic Upepai^, mic Oyiaignen, 
mic OunaDai^. Coig meic Comgj'ig, .1. ^d^pct, ocup ^let>pa, ocup 
Cinaer, ocup Cuppain, a quo h-Ua CTiuppain, ocup planOcaD, a 
quo h-Uua planDcaoa. Gcn^epn, mac J5 at) I ia > mic 
li-Ua Chinaeich, o Chinaech, mac Coin^pi^. h-Ua 
5^eDpa, mac Coingpich. Oon^alac, mac Qnmcam, a quo ITIuinTi- 


s Cinel Aedha, i. e. Eace of AecLh or south-east of the county of Galway. 

Hugh. There must be some mistake in ' h- Ua Draighnen would be Anglicised 

the text here, as no Aedh is mentioned in O'Drinan, but the Editor could not find 

the genealogy given, from whom the tribe the name in Hy-Many, north or south, 

could have been named. J h- Ua Churrain, now Curran ; but this 

h Sil Anmchadha. i. e. the seed or race family is to be distinguished from the 

of Anmchadh, now Anglicised Ambrose, Currans of Munster, and from those of 

and formerly Latinized Animosus. This Lower Connaught, who are not of this race. 

was the tribe name of the O'Maddens and k 0' ' Flannchadka This name is not 

their correlatives, who were seated in the now to be found. The Mac Flannchadha's, 

barony of Longford and its vicinity, in the or Mac Clancy's, of whom there are two 



Cubaga, son of Cellach, son of Dungal, son of Congal, son of 
Cugusa, son of Ronan, son of Maelumha, son of Crimthann, son of 
Bresal, &c. 


Anmchadh, son of Eoghan Buacc, son of Cormac, son of Cairpri 
Crom, had three sons, viz., Donngalach, Fiangalach, and Forbasach. 
Maelduin, son of Donngalach, had two sons, viz., Cobhthach and 
Innrachtach. Gadhra, son of Dunadhach, son of Loingsech, son of 
Dunadhach, son of Cobhthach, son of Maelduin, son of Donngalach, 
son of Anmchadha. 

Maelcothaigh, son of Donngalach, son of Anmchadh. Dunadhach, 
the son of Cobhthach, had two sons, viz., Loingsech and Draighnen, 
a quo h-Ua Draighnen 1 , viz., Ceannfaeladh, son of Finn, son of Tre- 
sach, son of Draighnen, son of Dunadhach. Loingsech had five sons, 
viz., Gadhra, Gledra, Cinaeth, Curran, a quo h-Ua Churrain j , and 
Flannchadh, a quo h-Ua Flannchadha*. Echtighern was son of 
Gadhra, son of Loingsech. Ua Cinaeith 1 descends from Cinaeth, son 
of Loingsech; O'Gledra m from Gledra, son of Loingsech. From 
Donngalach, son of Anmchadh are descended Muintir Chobhthaigh" 


other families of different races in Ireland, It is to be distinguished from Mac Gladdry, 

are of a different stock, and locality. a name which still exists in the county of 

1 Ua Cinaeith. O'Kenny, now Angli- Donegal. 

cised Kenny without the O'. The name *MuinterChobhthaigh, i. e. the family of 

is still very numerous in South Hy-Many. O'Coffey. This name is still extant in Hy- 

m Gf Gledra The Editor could not find Many ; and it appears from an inquisition 

this name in Hy-Many. It may, however, taken at Kilconnell, on the 24th of August, 

lurk under some fanciful Anglicised form. 1617, "that Donell O'Coffey was then 


rep Chobrai^, ocup h-Ui Donr^alais. pian^alac, mac Gnmcait>, 
a quo muinnuep Chonnagain, ocup TTleic Cabupaig, ocup h-Ui 
Qinchine, mic Ceallai^, ocup h-Ua bimnem mic YTluipeaoais, ocup 
h-Ua Oolaips nmc Neill, ocu} 1 h-Ua Qirupa mic Neill, ocup h-Ua 
bpaenain, ocup TTluinncep Chicapan, ocup TTluinmnp RoDaigi, ocup 
TTluinncep Con^alai^, ocup li-Ua Dai^in. 

Uallacan, mac plamo, mic plant>caoa, TYIIC Innpaccaig, nmc 
fflailmuin, mic Donn^aili, mic Qnmcait), mic Go^ain 6uac. Ip 
o'n Uallacan pin ITleg Ulallacain, .1. pem-piga na n-Qnmcaoach. 
Lopcan, mac TTlupom, mic ploint), mic InDpaccai^, a quo h-Ua 
Dublaic. popbupac, mac Qnmcaoa, a quo ITlumncep Lopcain, 

ocup mic Ceillaig, ocup h-Ua p 

seised of fee of Tomcatry, containing four 
cartrons in the barony of Clanmacnowen." 
This is the place called Cucnm Cacpaij 

in ancient Irish MSS See Note farther 

on and Index. 

Ui Donnghalaigh O'Donnellys, now 
written Donnelly without the O'. This 
family is to be distinguished from the 
O'Donnellys of the province of Ulster, who 
are of a different race. 

p Muinter Chonnagain, i. e. the family 
of O'Connagain, now Anglicised Connigan, 
and sometimes incorrectly Cunningham. 

q Mac Cadhusaighs The Editor did not 
find this name in Hy-Many. 

r Ui Ainckine, unknown to the Editor; 
but it is highly probable that this name 
could still be found in the territory, dis- 
guised under some Anglicised form. 

s Ua Bimnein, now obsolete. 

1 Ua Tolairg This was formerly the 

name of several powerful families of dif- 

ocup h-Ua Copcpait), 

ferent races in Ireland, but, strange to say, 
it does not exist at present in any shape 
or form. 

u Ua Aitkusa, not now in Hy-Many. 

v h-Ua Brenainn, now generally made 
Brennan. This name is also to be found 
in Kerry, where it is corruptly pronounced 
Breanaill, as is indeed the name of the 
great patron saint of Kerry, after whom 
the ancestor of this family was called, and 
a well-known member of the family has 
there most shamefully Anglicised it to 
Brabacy, by a strange process of assimila- 
tion. This name is to be distinguished 
from O'Braonain, which is that of a family 
of far greater celebrity, formerly chiefs of 
Hy-Duach, in the north of the present 
county of Kilkenny. 

w Muintir Ckickarain, now probably 

x Muintir Rodaighi, i. e. the family of 
O'Rodaighi, now Roddy ; but this family 

and the h-Ui Donngalaigh . From Fiangalach, son of Anmchadh, 
are sprung Muinter Chonnagain p , the Mac Cadhusaighs q , the h-Ui 
Ainchine r Mic Ceallaigh, h-Ua Bimnein 5 Mic Muireadhaigh, h-Ua 
Tolairg' Mic Neill, h-Ua Aithusa" Mic Neill, h-Ua Brenainn v , Muinter 
Chicharain w , Muinter Rodaighi*, Muinter Conghalaigh y , and h-Ua 
Daigin z . 

Uallachan, son of Flann, son of Flannchadh, son of Innrachtach, 
son of Maelduin, son of Donngal, son of Anmchadh, son of Eoghan 
Buac. From this Uallachan are sprung the Mac Uallachans a , i. e. the 
old chieftains of Sil Anmchadha. From Lorcan, son of Muron, son 
of Flann, son of Innrachtach, is descended Ua Dubhlaich b . From 
Forbasach, son of Anmchadha, are descended Muinter Lorcain , the 


is to be distinguished from the Eoddys of 
Fenagh, in the county of Leitrim, who 
were of a different race, as their pedigree 

y Muinter Conghalaigh, i. e. the family 
of O'Conghalaigh, now Anglicised Conolly. 
This name is to he distinguished from 
O'Conghaile, which is correctly Anglicised 
Connelly and Conneely. 

z h-Ua Daigin The- Editor did not 

find this name in Hy-Many. It is proba- 
ble that the g was intended to be aspi- 

a Mac Uattachans This name is now 

always Anglicised Cuolahan, though in 
the old records relating to the property 
of this family, in the reign of James L, it 
is more correctly made M c Couleghan. In 
O'Dugan's topographical poem, this family 
is called O' h-Uallachcun, and styled 
chiefs of Sil Anmchadha; but it appears 
from other authorities that the ITIac is the 


more usual prefix. The present head of 
this family is Henry Cuolahan, Esq., of 
Cogran House, in the parish of Lusmagh, 
on the east side of the Shannon, in the 
King's County, which parish originally 
formed a part of the territory of Sil- 
Anmchadha, of which this family were 
chieftains before the O'Maddens. For some 
further notices of this family see Note I, 
at the end of this tract. 

b Ua Dubhlaigh, now Dooley, the O* 
being never prefixed; but this family is 
to be distinguished from the O'Dooley's 
of "Westmeath, and Ely O'Carroll, who 
are of a totally different race. 

c Muinter Lorcain, i. e. the family of 
O'Lorcain, now Anglicised Larkin. This 
family is still in Hy-Many, and some mem- 
bers of it are so respectable that it is 
to be regretted they do not restore the 
O'. They are to be distinguished from 
the O'Lorcans of Forth, in Leinster. 


ocup h-Ua TTlaenais, ocup h-Ua Connaccam, ocup h-Ua Chanain, 
ocup h-Ua TTIaelbuib. 

cho&uhcns cmD so, a quo h-ua saorca, .1. TTIUINN- 

Ocup TTIuinnreji Chinaich, ocup TTluinnrep Ujiepai^, ocup 
TTluinnce]i Caegaipi rhic Dunaoai^, ocup h-Ua planncaoa, ocuph-Ua 
J5let)jiai5, ocup h-Ua Cujijiain, ocup h-Ua Qeba, ocup h-Ua Cai]i- 
cen, ocup h-Ua Chua^ain. 

ClanD Int)]iaccai5, mic TT1ailit)uin, .1. TTluinnceji Ruaipc, ocup 
TTlic bjiain, ocup TTlic TTIujioin, ~]ca. ocup TTluinncep TTIailcaoa, a 
quo TTluinncep Oublaino, ocup h-Ua planncaoa, ~|ca. ocupimuinn- 
reji TTlailc|ioin, nrnc Dun^ail, ocup> TTluinnceji Qppaccan, ocup 
lTluinnce]i Ouibgilla, ocup TTluinnceji Conyiai. 

t)o ^ewea^acb h-ui cea^^ai^ ant) so. 

OoTnnall lT)oji, mac UaiD^ Uhaillcen, nnc Concobaiji in caca, 
mic OiajimaDa, mic Uaibg, rrnc TTiu|icaiD, mic Coricobaip, mic 

d Mac Cellaighs, now obsolete, or assi- h Ua Connachtain, now Connaughtan, 

milated with, or merged into Kelly. but the name is very scarce. 

e Ua Finnachtaigh, now Finnaghty, and ' Ua Canain, now Cannan, and incor- 

sometimes Fennerty ; but this family is rectly Canning. 

to be distinguished from the O'Finacht- j Ua Maelduibh. This would be Angli- 

aighs, the ancient chiefs of the Clann cised Mulduff, but the Editor did not find 

Conmhaigh, who were the senior branch the name in Hy-Many. 

of the Sil Muireadhaigh, of whom the k Muinter Madadhain, i. e. the family 

O' Conors of the county of Eoscommon of O'Madden. 

were the chiefs in latter ages. ! Muinter Ckinaitk, i. e. the family of 

f Ua Coscraidh, now Anglicised Coskry, 0' Kenny, now Kenny, without the O'. 

and sometimes incorrectly Cosgrave and m Muinter Tresaigk, i. e. the family 

Cosgrove. of O' Tracy, now always written Tracy, 

g Ua Maenaigh, now Anglicised Moo- without the O'. 

ney. n Ua Flannchadka, now obsolete. 


Mac Cellaighs d , Ua Finnachtaigh e , Ua Coscraidh f , Ua Maenaighs, Ua ' 
Connachtain h , Ua Canain 1 , and Ua Maelduibli j . 



And Muinter Chinaith 1 , and Muinter Tresaigh m , and Muinter 
Laeghaire Mic Dunadhaigh, Ua Flannchadha", Ua Gledraigh , Ua 
Currain p , Ua Aedha q , Ua Cairten 1 ", and Ua Cuagain 8 . 

Of the race of Innrachtach, son of Maelduin, are Muinter Ruairc 1 , 
the Mac Brains", the Mac Muroins v , &c. Muinter Mailchada, of whom 
are Muinter Dubhlainn w , Ua Flannchadha, &c., also Muinter Mail- 
croin x , Mic Dungail y , Muinter Arrachtain z , Muinter Duibhgilla a , and 
Muinter Conrui. b 


Domhnall Mor, son of Tadhg Taillten, son of Conchobhar of the 
Battle, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg, son of Murchadh, son of Con- 

Ua Gledraigh, now obsolete. w Muinter Dubhlainn, now Dowling, 
p Ua Currain, now Curran. but this family are to be distinguished 
q Ua Aedha, now Anglicised Hughes. from the Dowlings of Leinster. 

T Ua Cairten, obsolete. x Muinter Maikroin, now unknown in 

s Ua Cuagain, now Cogan, which is cer- Hy-Many. 

tainly an Irish name. The descendants of y Mic Dungail, now unknown in Hy- 

Miles de Cogan, who came to Ireland in Many. 

the reign of Henry IL, have all taken the z Muinter Arrachtain, i. e. the family 

name of Goggan. of O'h- Arrachtain, now very incorrectly 

1 Muinter Ruairc, i. e. the family of Anglicised Harrington. 

O'Ruairc, but they are to be distinguished a Muinter Duibghitta, i. e. the family 
from the O'Euaircs of Breifny, who are of of O'Duibhghilla, but the name is now 
a different race. obsolete in Hy-Many. 

u Mac Brains, now obsolete. b Muinter Conrui, i. e. the family of 

v Mac Muroins, now unknown. O'Conrui, now made Conroy ; but this 



cara bpiain, mic TTlupcam, mic Qeba, mic Ceallaig, mic 
pinbacca, mic Qilella, mic Innpeccai^, mic Oluuaig, mic phio- 
cellaig, TTIIC Dicolla, mic Gogain pinn, mic Copmaic, mic Caipppi 
CJIUITYI, mic peapaba 5, mic Cugaio, mic Oallain, mic bpepail, mic 
TYlaine THoip. 

QeD mac Oiapmaba, mic Uait)^ caca 
Dub, mac Gefca, mic Oiajimaoa. 

t)omNaiC6, mic uaiD^ caiccneM awt) so. 

86 meic Oomnaill TTIoiji, mic UaiDg Uailluen, .1. Concobaji, 
ocuy Uat>5 Pint) TTlui^i Rupcac, ocup Gogan, ocup UomapGppuc, 
ocuif Coclaint), ocup Diajimaio. In^en Oomnaill Uloip h-1 bhjiiam, 
maraip an c-peipji pin, ocup t>eyib]piup Di maraip pheiolimiD, mic 
Carail Cpoib-beiyi^, ocup Depbpup eli t>oib mauain Ricaijio, mic 
Uilliam pint), o puil Clann Picaint). 

Clann Concobaip, mic Oomnaill TTloin, .1. Domnall. Cuij 
meic la Domnall, .1. ^illibeno, pi O TTlaim, ocup Dauic, ocup 
Uat>5 TTlop caca Qra na pig, ocup Concobap, pi O TTlaine, ocup 
QeD ; ocup nip b'inann mauaip leo, ace le Dip, .1. "CaDg, ocup Con- 
cobap ; Qbip, ingen h-Ui phlaint), a maraip. 

Clann JillibepD in po, .1. Oiapmait), mac 5 1 ^ 1 t )e r t> ' T 11 O 
TTlaine, ocup Uomap Gppuc, ocup Domnall ^uacac, ocup TTlupcab, 

ocup Copmac, ocup bpian, ocup Daufr, a pmnpeap. 


family must be distinguished from the the battle of Brian, because Brian Boru, 

Mac Conrys of West Connaught, and from monarch of Ireland, was the chief com- 

the O'Mulconrys of Cloonahee and Strokes- mander of the Irish. 

town, who now shorten their name to d Son of Ceallach -- This pedigree of 

Conry. Domhnall More O'Kelly is incorrectly 

c Tadhg of the Battle of Brian, i. e. given above by an error of the transcriber, 

Tadhg O'Kelly, chief of Hy-Many, who as appears from the pedigree of his de- 

fought at the Battle of Clontarf, A. D. scendant Tadhg O'Kelly, to be given farther 

1014. The Battle of Clontarf was called on, and from that given in the MS. H. 2. 7, 


chobhar, son of Tadhg of the Battle of Brian , son of Murchadh, son 
of Aedh, son of Ceallach d , son of Finnachta, son of Ailell, son of Inn- 
rechtach, son of Dluthach, son of Fidhcheallach, son of Dicholla, son 
of Eoghan Finn, son of Cormac, son of Cairpri Crom, son of Feradh- 
ach, son of Lughaidh, son of Dalian, son of Bresail, son of Maine 

Aedh, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg of the Battle of Brian. 

Tadhg Dubh, son of Aedh, son of Diarmaid. 


Domhnall Mor, the son of Tadhg Taillten, had six sons, viz., 
Conchobhar, Tadhg Finn of Magh Ruscach, Eoghan, Thomas the 
Bishop 6 , Lochlainn, and Diarmaid. The daughter of Domhnall Mor 
O'Brien was the mother of these six sons, and her sister was the 
mother of Feidhlimidh, the son of Cathal Croibhdherg [Charles the 
Redhanded] 0' Conor, and another sister of theirs was the mother of 
Rickard, son of William Finn, from whom are the Clann-Rickard. 

Conchobhar, the son of Domhnall Mor, had a son Domhnall. Domh- 
nall had five sons, viz., Gilbert, King of Hy-Many, David, Tadhg 
Mor of the Battle of Ath na righ [Athenry], and Conchobhar, King 
of Hy-Many and Aedh. Only two of them were by the same mother, 
viz., Tadhg and Conchobhar, and their mother was Abis, the daughter 
of O'Flainn [O'Flynn]. 

The issue of Gilbert were, Diarmaid Mac Gilbert, King of Hy- 
Many, Thomas the Bishop f , Domhnall Tuathach, Murchadh, Cormac, 
Brian, and David, who was the sinnsear [i. e. the eldest son]. 


Trin. Coll. Dub., and by Duald Mac Firbis nicana, p. 226. 

in his genealogical work. { Thomas the Bishop Perhaps the same 

e Thomas the Bishop This Thomas was who was Bishop of Clonfert in 1 347, and 

Bishop of Clonfert, and died A. D. 1263. is supposed by Ware (Bishops, Harris's 

See Ware, and De Burgo Hibernia Domi- edition, p. 640) to have died in 1377. 

4 6 

Clcmn DiapmaDa, mic JJMib 6 ! 10 ' - 1 - Concobap Ceppbac, ocup 
Sean; en maraip leo, ocup TTlaine, ocup Uab^ ; TTlop, in^en Qeoa 
li-l Concobaip, maraip an Uait>5 fin. Concobap, mac Concobaip, 
Ceppbai^. Uat>5, mac Oiapmaoa, mic ^^bept), cpi meic leip, 
i. Uilliam, ocup OoncaD, ocup Seaan. 

Clann Uomaip Gppuic, mac ^illibept), .1. TTIaeleaclainn, ocuf 
TTlinpcepcac, ocup Uomap, ocup Oiapmaio, ocup TllupcaD, ocup 

Clann Oomnaill Uuarai^, mic J 1 ^ 1 ^ 6 ! 1 ^ - 1 - Uiltiam, ociip 
Puaibpi, ocup Caipppi, ocup bpian, ocup Pobepo, ocup Oomnall. 
6n mac la TTlupcao, mac ^illibepo, Dauir. Da mac la Copmac, 
mac ^H^ept), TTlupcat) ocup Uomap. Clann Dame, meic ^illi- 
bepD, bpian, ocup Da TTluipceprac, ocup Gogan, ocup QeD, ocup 
TTlupcat). Qen mac la OonncaO, mac ^illibepo, ^illibepo. 

Uat>5 caca Qra na pi^, mac Oomnaill, cpi meic laip, .1. Oonn- 
cao, ocup Uao^, ocup Concobap. Upi meic la t^aoj, .1. Uaog 05, 
ocup Oonnchao I?ua6, ocup Uaog l?uab eile. Upi meic la Con- 
cobap, mac Uaibg, .1. Ruampi, ocup Go^an, ocup Qet). 

Concobap, mac Oomnaill, mic Concobaip, mic Oomnaill TTloip, 
rpi meic laip, .1. Oomnall, ocuplTlame, ocup Gogan. TTluipcepcac, 
ocup Uilliam ballach, t>a mac Oomnaill, mic Concobaip. Upi 
meic 05 TTlaine, mac Concobaip, .1. TTlupcao, ocup Oonncao ballac, 
ocup TTiaine. Qen mac Gogam, mic Concobaip, .1. bpian mac 
Go^ain. Qeo, mac Oomnaill, mic Concobaip, mic Oomnaill TTloip, 
t)a mac laip, .1. pilip ocup Siacup. Clann Oomnaill, mic Conco- 
baip, conui^i pin. 

Oonncat) TTluimnech, mac Concobaip, mic Oomnaill, nai meic 
laip, .1. TTluipcepcac, ocup Qet), ocup TTlaileaclamn, ocup TTlaine; 
Ingen TTleic Ui^ilin, a mauhaip. TTlic aile Do, Uaog ocup Conco- 

bap ; 
8 Mac Uigkilin, i. e. Mac Quillin, chief of the Koute, in the county of Antrim. 

The sons of Diarmaid Mac Gilbert were Conchobhar Cerrbhach, 
and John, who had the same mother ; Maine, and Tadhg. Mor, the 
daughter of Aedh 0' Conor, was the mother of this Tadhg. Con- 
chobhar Cerrbhach, had a son Conchobhar. Tadhg, the son of Diar- 
maid, son of Gilbert, had three sons, viz., William, Donnchadh, and 

The sons of Thomas the Bishop, the son of Gilbert, were Maeil- 
eachlainn, Muirchertach, Thomas, Diarmaid, Murchadh, and Tomal- 

The sons of Domhnall Tuathach, the son of Gilbert, were William, 
Kuaidhri, Cairpri, Brian, Robert, and Domhnall. Murchadh, son of 
Gilbert, had one son, David. Cormac, son of Gilbert, had two sons, 
viz., Murchadh and Thomas. David, son of Gilbert, had issue Brian, 
two Muirchertachs, Eoghan, Aedh, and Murchadh. Donnchadh, son 
of Gilbert, had one son, namely, Gilbert. 

Tadhg of the Battle of Ath na righ, the son of Domhnall, had 
three sons, viz., Donnchadh, Tadhg, and Conchobhar. Tadhg, had 
three sons, viz., Tadhg Og, Donnchadh Ruadh, and a second Tadhg, 
surnamed Ruadh. Conchobhar, son of Tadhg, had three sons, viz., 
Ruaidhri, Eoghan, and Aedh. 

Conchobhar, son of Domhnall, son of Conchobhar, son of Domh- 
nall Mor, had three sons, viz., Domhnall, Maine, and Eoghan, 
Domhnall, son of Conchobhar, had two sons, viz., Muirchertach and 
William Ballach. Maine, son of Conchobhar, had three sons, viz., Mur- 
chadh, Donnchadh Ballach, and Maine. Eoghan, son of Conchobhar, 
had one son, Brian Mac Eoghain. Aedh, son of Domhnall, son of 
Conchobhar, son of Domhnall Mor, had two sons, viz., Philip and 
Siacus. So far the descendants of Domhnall, son of Conchobar. 

Donnchadh Muimhnech, son of Conchobhar, son of Domhnall, 
had nine sons, viz., Muirchertach, Aedh, Mailechlainn, and Maine ; 
their mother was the daughter of Mac Uighilin g ; his other sons were 


4 8 

bap ; OibaiD iat)-pmi, ocup GmanD, ocup Uilliam, ocup Oomnall 
TTluimriech. Oubepa, in^en TTlaileachlainn, rnic Oonncait), mic 
Oomnaill, mic rna^nupa, mic Uoippftealbai^ TTloip h-1 Concobaip, 
pi Gpenn, macaip na mac pin. Qeo, mac Oonnchaio TTluimnis, 
cuij; rneic leif, .1. THuipceprai^, ocup Oomnall TTlop, ocup TTlar- 
^amam. 176ip, in^en h-1 TTiaDagam, machaip na mac pn. Gojan, 
ocup Seaan, ocup Uomar, na meic pin ele. 

Upi meic la Domnall TTlop, mac Qet>a, .1. Concobap, ocup 
Oomnall Qb, ocup Oonnchao ^ a ^- Ceirpi meic laTTlacli^amain, 
mac Qet>a, .1. TTlaeleaclainn, ocup Get), ocup TCuaiDpi, ocup Gogan. 
ITIaeleaclainn, mac OonncaiD TTluimmj, pe meic laip, .1. OiapmaiO, 
mac inline h-1 TTlailalaiD, bpian, ocup TTlupcao, C>a mac inline 
h-1 phlanOagan. Gochaio, ocup Ceallac, ocup Oonncat), cpi meic 
inline h-1 Concobaip. GochaiO, mac TTlaileclainn, cpi meic laip, 
.1. TTlaileaclamn, ocup Caipppi, ocup OiapmaiD. Oa mac la 
Cellac, .1. bpian ocup Oonncat). Oa mac la Oonnchat), mac 
TTlaileclilamn, .1. Seaan ocup Oomnall. 

C6QNN maiMG 1NSO. 

TTlaine, mac Oonncham, cpi meic laip, .1. pilip, ocup Uat)^ 
ocup Go^an. Clann mop la Pilip, .1. TTlaine, ocup Oonnchat), ocup 
TTluipcepuac, .1. an c-Gppuc, ocup Oiapmam Cleipech, ocup Qet). 
Upi meic la h-Gmann, mac Oomnaill nfluimni^, .1. Gmann 05, ocup 
Uilliam, ocup Uaog ; mac t)o Uhat)^ bpian. 

uictiam, mic t)OMNChait> QMD so. 
TTlaeleaclainn, mac Uilliam, injen h-1 ^paba maraip, ocup 


h Muirchertach the Bishop. Maurice, or Tuam, by provision of Pope Boniface IX., 
Muirchertach, O'Kelly, was consecrated in 1394, and died September 29, 1407 __ 
Bishop of Clonfert in 1378, translated to See Ware, Bishops, pp. 640 and 611. 


Tadhg and Conchobhar, who died without issue, Edmond, William 
and Domhnall Muimhnech. Duibhesa, the daughter of Maileachlainn, 
son ofDonnchadh, son of Domhnall, son of Maghnus, son of Toir- 
dhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, king of Ireland, was the mother of 
these sons. Aedh, son of Donnchadh Muimhnech, had five sons, viz., 
Muirchertach, Domhnall Mor, and Mathghamhain ; Rose, the daugh- 
ter of O'Madaghain, was the mother of these sons ; Eoghan, John, 
and Thomas were the other sons. 

Domhnall Mor, son of Aedh, had three sons, viz., Conchobhar, 
Domhnall, the Abbot, and Donnchadh Gall. Mathghamhain, the son 
of Aedh, had four sons, viz., Maeleachlainn, Aedh, Euaidhri, and 
Eoghan. Maeleachlainn, son of Donnchadh Muimhnech, had six 
sons, viz., Diarmaid, the son of O'Mailalaidh's daughter, Brian, and 
Murchadh, the two sons of the daughter of O'Flannagain, Eochaidh, 
Cellach, and Donnchadh, the three sons of the daughter of O'Con- 
chobhair, Eochaidh, son of Maileachlainn, had three sons, viz., 
Maileachlainn, Cairpri, and Diarmaid. Cellach had two sons, viz., 
Brian and Donnchadh. Donnchadh, son of Maileachlainn, had two 
sons, viz., John and Domhnall. 


Maine, son of Donnchadh, had three sons, viz., Philip, Tadhg, 
and Eoghan. Philip had many sons, viz., Maine, Donnchadh, Muir- 
chertach the Bishop 6 , Diarmaid Cleirech, and Aedh. Edmond, son 
of Domhnall Muimhnech, had three sons, viz., Edmond Og, William, 
and Tadhg. Tadhg had a son Brian. 


Maeleachlainn' 1 , the son of William (his mother was the daughter 


' Maeleachlainn This name, which is servant of St. Seachlann, or Secundinus, is 

an abbreviation of Maelseachlainn, i. e. now most generally Anglicised Malachy. 



Uilliam Oj, ocup Uat)$, ocup Qet> 6uit>i, clann Uilliam in fin. 
TTlaeleaclainn clann Tno]i laip, .1. Ruaiopi, ocup bpian, ocup Con- 
cobap. In^en baicep a bupc maraip an cpip pin. Qet>, ocup 
pepaoach, ocup Uat>5, ocup Donncat), ocup Domriall, ocup Uilliam, 
ocup Gmant). pinn^uala, ingen UoinjiOelbai^ h-1 Concobaip, 
marain na mac pin. 6n mac la TTluipcepcac, mac Uilliam, mic 
Oonncham Tlluimm^, .1. Oomnall. Qp lao po clann Concobaip, 
mic Oomnaill ITioip, .1. Domnall O'Cellai^, ocup Oonnchao TTluim- 
nech, -]ca, ocup TTlaine TTlop, ocup TTlupchaD, ocup Cachal, ocup 
Caipppi bpachaip, ocup TTIupip, ocup Nicol. Ingen h-1 Gighin 
macaip Domnaill ocup TTIupcait); In^en h-1 Coclainn mauaip Donn- 
cham THuimm^ ocup TTlaine; In^en ITlecConmapa macaip Cacail, 
ocup Caipppi, ocup ITluipip. TTlaine, mac OiapmaOa, mic Uait*^, 
mic TTlaine TTIoip. Da mac la TTlaeleclainn, mac Copmaic, mic 
TTlupcaiD, mic Concobaip, mic Domnaill TTIoip, .1. Siacup, ocup 
Copmac, ocup DiajimaiD an cpep. Upi meic la Siacup, .1. Seaan, 
ocup TTiaileclamn Cleijiech, ocup Uao^. Caual, mac Concobaip, 
mic Domnaill TTIoip, cpi meic laip, .1. Caipppi, Dibam, ocup TTlae- 
leaclainn, ocup Uilliam. Clann maich la TTlaeleclainn, .1. Conco- 
baji, ocup Caipppi, ocup TTlaine Cleipech. Injen h-1 TTlaoagain 
macaiji an cpip pin. TTIac aili t)o Qeo. Cui^ meic Uilliam, mic 
Cachail, mic Concobaip, .1. Seaan, ocup TTIa^nup, ocup DiapmaiD, 
ocup Loclamn, ocup Diapmait), ocup Siacup. Ingen TTIeg Oipec- 
rai^ maraip na mac pin. TTluipcepcac mac aili t>o. TTlaeleclainn, 
mac Concobaip, mic TTiaileclamn, mic Cacail. Clann Go^ain, mic 
Domnaill TTloiji, .1. Tnaugamain, ocup Donnchat) TTlop, ocup bpian, 
ocup Caipppi, ocup Domnall Cleipech. Do bat>up cpiup mac 05 


j Conchobhar This name is now An- k Aedh, written, according to the mo- 
glicised Conor, and sometimes Latinised dern orthography, Aodh, is now always 
Cornelius. Anglicised Hugh. 

5 1 

of O'Grady), William Og, Tadhg, and Aedli Buidhe, were the sons 
of William. Maeleachlainn had many sons, viz., Ruaidhri, Brian, 
Conchobhar j (the daughter of Walter Burke was the mother of these 
three), Aedh k , Feradhach, Tadhg, Donnchadh, Domhnall, William, 
and Edmond. Finnguala, daughter of Toirrdelbhach O'Conchobhair, 
was the mother of these sons. Muirchertach, son of William, 
son of Donnchadh Muimhnech, had one son, namely, Domhnall. 
These were the sons of Conchobhar, the son of Domhnall Mor, viz., 
Domhnall O'Ceallaigh, Donnchadh Muimhnech, &c. Maine Mor, 
Murchadh, Cathal, Cairpri the Friar, Mauris, and Nichol. The 
daughter of O'Heighin [O'Heyne] was the mother of Domhnall and 
Murchadh ; the daughter of O'Lochlainn was the mother of Donn- 
chadh Muimhnech and Maine ; and the daughter of Mac Conmara 
[Mac Namara] was the mother of Cathal, Cairpri, and Maurice. 
Maine was the son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg, son of Maine Mor. 
Maeleachlainn, son of Cormac, son of Murchadh, son of Conchobhar, 
son of Domhnall Mor, had two sons, viz., Siacus and Cormac, and a 
third son Diarmaid. Siacus had three sons, viz., John, Mailechlainn 
the Cleric, and Tadhg. Cathal, son of Conchobhar, son of Domhnall 
Mor, had three sons, viz., Cairpri, who died without issue, Maeleach- 
lainn and William. Maeleachlainn had good sons, viz., Conchobhar, 
Cairpri, and Maine the Cleric ; the daughter of O'Madaghain was the 
mother of these three ; he had another son Aedh. William, son of 
Cathal, son of Conchobhar, had five sons, viz., John, Magnus, Diar- 
maid, Lochlainn, Diarmaid, and Siacus; the daughter of Mac Oirech- 
taigh [Geraghty] was the mother of these sons. Muirchertach was 
another son of his. Maeleachlainn was the son of Conchobhar, son of 
Maeleachlainn, son of Cathal. The sons of Eoghan, son of Domhnall, 
were Mathgamhain, Donnchadh Mor, Brian, Cairpri, and Domhnall 
the Cleric. Mathghamhain had three sons, viz., Philip, Euaidhri, 
Conchobhar. The daughter of Mac Cochlain was the mother of these 

H 2 three 

, .1. pilip, ocup T?uait>pi, ocup Concobap. In^en TTle 
Coclain maraip an cpip pin. Da baoap ceirpi meic a Pilip, .1. 
Caipppi, ocup ITIupcat), ocup Cacal, ocup TTlaeleclainn. TTlar- 
, mac TTlupchait), mic pilip, TYIIC TTlau^amna. Seacc meic 

l?uait>pi, .1. Donnchat), ocup OoTYinall, ocup TTlargamain, ocup 
, ocup Concobap, ocup bpian, ocup Diapmait). Til op, in^en 
Uilliam leic a biipc, maraip Oonnchait); Ingen h-1 Concobaip 
Pait^i macaip DoTnnaill, ocup Ruampi, mic Coclaint), o puileo 
Clano Coclamt) T?.uait>. TTIaelpuanam, mac Puaibpi, an c-occmaD 
mac. Domnall, mac Ruaiopi, aen mac laip, .1. UatJ^. Go^an, 
mac T?uait>pi, mic DonnchaiD. Uilliam, mac Oonnchait), mic 
Puampi. 6n mac la TTIaelpuanait), mac Puait>pi, .1. Seaan. Upi 
meic 6piain, mic T?uait)pi, .1. ffia^nup ocup TTluipcepcac ocup 
Concobap. Copmac, mac Caipppi, mic Go^ain, mac t)o Ppioip 
Cluana "Cuaipcipu. 

Clann Concobaip mic TTlar^amna mic Go^ain : Ceirpi meic 
0151, .1. GochaiD, ocup Domnall, ocup pilip, ocup TTlagnup. TTiac 
t)o pilip Concobap. Clann Donncham ITIoip, mic Go^ain, .1. Con- 
cobap, ocup Gogan, ocup TTlaeleaclamn Dub, ocup Qet>. Donn- 
chao, ocup Concobap Ooup, t>a mac Concobaip, mic DonnchaiO. 
Clann Donncham, mic Concobaip, mic DonnchaiD TTloip,.i. TTlaine, 
ocup TTlupcliaD, ocup TTiuipceprac Cleipech, ocup Domnall 5^ a F- 
Clann bpiain, mic Gogam, .1. Donncuan, ocup bpian, ocupTTlupcat). 
Da mac Duinnchuan, Cleo ocup Uomap. TTlaine, mac Siacupa, 
mic bpiain, mic bpiain, mic Gogain. Ocup Domnall, mac Siacupa. 
Uat)^, mac TTlupchait), mic Gogain, rpi meic laip, .1. Coclainn, ocup 
Domnall, ocup Siacup. Seann ocup Copmac, t>a mac Caipppi, 
mic Gogain. Upi meic Domnaill Chleipi^, mic Gojain, .1. Uilliam, 


1 Mathghamhain This name is gene- documents, but it is now commonly ren- 
rally Anglicised Mahon in old English dered Matthew, j,s the Christian name of 


three. Philip had four sons, viz., Cairpri, Murchadh, Cathal, and 
Maeleachlainn. Mathghamhain, son of Murchadh, son of Philip, son 
of Mathghamhain 1 . Ruaidhri had seven sons, viz., Donnchadh, Domh- 
nall, Mathghamhain, Tadhg, Conchobhar, Brian, and Diarmaid. 
Mor, the daughter of William Liath Burke, was the mother of Donn- 
chadh. The daughter of O'Conchobhair Failghi was the mother 
of Domhnall and of Ruaidhri, the son of Lochlainn, from whom 
the Clann Lochlainn Ruaidh are descended. Maelruanaidh Mac 
Ruaidhri was the eighth son. Domhnall, the son of Ruaidhri, had 
one son, namely, Tadhg. Eoghan was son of Ruaidhri, son of 
Donnchadh. William, the son of Donnchadh, son of Ruaidhri. 
Maelruanaidh, son of Ruaidhri, had one son, namely, John. Brian, 
son of Ruaidhri, had three sons, viz., Maghnus, Muirchertach, and 
Conchobhar. Cormac, son of Cairpri, son of Eoghan, had a son who 
was prior of Cluain Tuaiscirt m . 

The sons of Conchobhar, son of Mathghamhain, son of Eoghan. 
He had four sons, viz., Eochaidh, Domhnall, Philip, and Maghnus. 
Philip had a son Conchobhar. The sons of Donnchadh Mor, son of 
Eoghan, were Conchobhar, Eoghan, Maeleachlainn Dubh, and Aedh. 
Donnchadh and Conchobhar Odhur were the sons of Conchobhar, son 
of Donnchadh. The sons of Donnchadh, the son of Conchobhar, son 
of Donnchadh Mor, were Maine, Murchadh, Muirchertach the Cleric, 
and Domhnall Glas. The sons of Brian, son of Eoghan, were Donn- 
cuan, Brian, and Murchadh. Donncuan had two sons, namely, Aedh 
and Thomas. Maine was son of Siacus, son of Brian, son of Brian, 
son of Eoghan. Domhnall, son of Siacus. Tadhg, son of Murchadh, 
son of Eoghan, had three sons, viz., Lochlainn, Domhnall, and Siacus. 
John and Cormac were the two sons of Cairpri, son of Eoghan. 


a man. Clontuskert, near Ballinasloe See note 

m Cluain Tuaiscirt, i. e. the abbey of farther on, and Index. 


ocup pilip Cap, ocup Govern. Clann Uilliam, mic Domnaill Clei- 
pi^, .1. TTluipceprac, ocup Dauir, ocup Diapmaib, ocup Concobap 
Cluapac. Clann pilip Chaip, .1. oat>5, ocup Cleb, ocup TTIaelec- 
lainn, ocup an Call. Clann Uamg, mic pilip, .1. Uomap, ocup 
THuipcepcac, ocup Donnchab, ocup Diapmaib. Clann TYlaelec- 
lainn, mic philip Caip, .1. TTla^nup, ocup Concobap Riabac, ocup 
Seaan Dub, ocup Domnall. Uaoj; pmo TTlui^i "Rupcac, mac 
Domnaill TTloip, mic UaiOj; Uaillcen, Da naac laip, .1. Caral ocup 
Oiapmaio. Upi meic la Carhal, .1. Uomalcac, ocup Cfet>, ocup 
TTlaeleclainn. TTlupcat), mac TDaeileaclainn, mic Cauail, mic 
<Cai05 pinn. Da mac Diapmaoa, mic Uhait>5 phinn, .1. Qpc 
Puat>, ocup Uac>5 Oipeach. Da mac 05 Ctpu l?uao, .1. Uomal- 
rach, ocup TTIa^nup. Da mac 05 Uao^ Of peach, .1. Tnaugamain 
ocup Oonnchat). OiapmaiD ocup Concobap, ba mac Qet>a, mic 
Cacail, mic Uam^ pinn. 

"CaD^, mac TTDaileaclainn, ocup Puaibpi, ocup TTIupcaD, clann 
TTiaileaclamn, mic Cachail, mic Uait^ pinD. 

Clann Coclaino, mic Domnaill TDoip, .1. Qet), ocup TTIajnup, 
ocup Simon Cleipec, ocup Uat>^, ocup t>a Oomnall, ocup Caipppi. 
Clann Coclainn, mic Qeoa, mic Coclamn TTloip, .1. T?uait>pi, ocup 
Coclamn O^, ocup ITIaine, ocup UatJj; Dub, ocup TTlupcat) Ruat>. 
Upi meic T?uait>pi, mic Coclamo, .1. DonnchaD, ocup Domnall, ocup 
Concobap. Da mac Coclamb Oi^, .1. DonnchaO, ocup TTlaeleaclamn. 
Gn mac la Donnchab, mac Qeba, mic Coclamb, .1. Uab^. Domnall, 
mac Qeba, mic Loclamn. Caipppi, mac Qeba, mic Loclainn. TTlag- 
nup, mac Loclainn, mic Domnaill TTloip, ba mac laip, .1. Uab ocup 
Domnall. Gn mac la Domnall, .1. ITla^nup. Gn mac la ^ab$, .1. 
Concobap. Clann Simoin, mic Coclamn, mic Domnaill TTioip,.i. bpian, 


n Donnchadh Generally Anglicised cuments, but now invariably Denis in 

Donogh and Donat in the old English do- every part of Ireland. 


Domlinall the Cleric, son of Eoghan, had three sons, viz., William, 
Philip Cas, and Eoghan. The sons of William, son of Domhnall 
the Cleric, were Muirchertach, David, Diarmaid, and Conchobhar 
Cluasach. The sons of Philip Cas were Tadhg, Aedh, Maeleachlainn, 
and the Blind Man. The sons of Tadhg, son of Philip, were 
Thomas, Muirchertach, Donnchadh n , and Diarmaid. The sons of 
Maeleachlainn, son of Philip Cas, were Maghnus, Conchobhar Riabh- 
ach, John Dubh, and Domhnall. Tadhg Finn, of Magh Ruscach, 
son of Domhnall Mor, son of Tadhg Taillten, had two sons, namely, 
Cathal and Diarmaid. Cathal had three sons, viz., Tomaltach, Aedh, 
and Maeleachlainn. Murchadh was son of Maeleachlainn, son of 
Cathal, son of Tadhg Finn. Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Finn, had two 
sons, viz., Art Ruadh and Tadhg Direch. Art Ruadh had two sons, 
viz., Tomaltach and Maghnus. Tadhg Direch had two sons, viz., 
Mathghamhain and Donnchadh. Diarmaid and Conchobhar were the 
two sons of Aedh, son of Cathal, son of Tadhg Finn. 

Tadhg Mac Maileachlainn, Ruaidhri, and Murchadh were the 
sons of Maeleachlainn, son of Cathal, son of Tadhg Finn. 

The sons of Lochlainn, son of Domhnall Mor, were Aedh Magh- 
nus, Simon the Cleric, Tadhg, two Domhnalls, and Cairpri. The 
sons of Lochlainn, son of Aedh, son of Lochlainn Mor, were Ruaidhri, 
Lochlainn Og, Maine, Tadhg Dubh, and Murchadh Ruadh. Ruaidhri, 
son of Lochlainn, had three sons, viz., Donnchadh, Domhnall, and 
Conchobhar. Lochlainn Og had two sons, viz., Donnchadh and 
Maeleachlainn. Donnchadh, son of Aedh, son of Lochlainn, had one 
son, namely, Tadhg. Domhnall was son of Aedh, son of Lochlainn. 
Cairpri was son of Aedh, son of Lochlainn. Maghnus, son of Loch- 
lainn, son of Domhnall Mor, had two sons, viz., Tadhg and Domhnall. 
Domhnall had one son, namely, Maghnus. Tadhg had one son, 
namely, Conchobhar. The sons of Simon, son of Lochlainn, son of 
Domhnall Mor, were Brian, John, William, Cathal, Diarmaid, Tomal- 


ocup Seaan, ocupU illiam, ocup Cached, ocup Oiaji mam, ocup Uomal- 
cac, ocupUomap Puat). Clann Oiapmaoa, mic Domnailinioiri, mic 
Uait>5 Uaillcen, .1. Gocham ocup Oonncao. Nicol, mac Uomaip, 
mic Gocham, mic Dia]imaDa, mic OoTnuaill TTloiji. Clann Uoinaip, 
mic Doninaill TTloi]i, .1. Siacup ocup Seaan. Uaog, imojijia, mac 
Siacupa, mic Uomaip 6ppuc, mic Oomnaill TTloip, 

QNN so. 

ITlac TTlaeileclainn, 

TTlic Uilliam, 

IDic Donncaio TTJuimnij, 

TTlic Concobaip, 

TTlic tDomnaill, 

TTlic Uaiog Caillren, 

TTlic Concobaip an cacha, 

TTlic Oiapmara, 

TTlic Concobaip, 

TTlic Uaioj; Chaca 6piam, 

TTlic TTIupchaio, 

TTlic Qeoa, 

TTlic Ceallaij, 

TTlic phmoaccaij, 

TTlic Qilella, 

TTlic Pinnpaccaij, 

TTlic piocellaij, 

TTlic t>luchai5, 

TTlac Gojain, 
TTlic TTlupcaio, 
TTlic Cacail, 

Son of Diarmaid. In the pedigree of 
O'Madden, preserved in a MS. in the Li- 

TTlic t)icolla, 

TTlic Go^ain ptnn, 

IThc Copmaic, 

TTlic Caipppi Cpuim, 

TTlic Pepaoaij, 

TTlic ^uigeac, 

TTlic t)allam, 

TTlic 6pepail, 

TTlic TTIaine TTloip, 

TTlic 6chach pipoajiall, 

TTlic t)omnaill, 

TTlic Tmcaoa, 

TTlic Colla oa Cpic, 

TTlic 6chach tDoimlen, 

TTlic Caipppi Cipechaip, 

TTlic Copmaic Ulpaoa, 

TTlic Qipc Qeinpip, 

TTlic Cuino Ceo-cacaij. 

TTlic TTlaDagain TTloip, 
TTlic tDiapmaoa, 
TTlic Ounajaio, 


brary of Trinity College (H. 2. 7.), this 
line is given differently, thus : Eoghan, 


tach, and Thomas Ruadh. The sons of Diarmaid, son of Domhnall 
Mor, son of Tadhg Taillten, were Eochaidh and Donnchadh. Nichol 
was son of Thomas, son of Eochaidh, son of Diarmaid, son of Domh- 
nall Mor. The sons of Thomas, son of Domhnall Mor, were Siacus 
and John. Tadhg was the son of Siacus, son of Thomas, the Bishop, 
son of Domhnall Mor. 



Son of Maeleachlainn, 

Son of William, 

Son of Donnchadh Muimhnech, 

Son of Conchobhar, 

Son of Domhnall, 

Son of Tadhg Taillten, 

Son of Conchobhar of the Battle, 

Son of Diarmaid, 

Son of Conchobhar, 

Son of Tadhg of the Battle of Brian, 

Son of Murchadh, 

Son of Aedh, 

Son of Ceallach, 

Son of Finnachtach, 

Son of Ailell, 

Son of Finnrachtach, 

Son of Fidhchellach, 

Son of Dluthach, 

Son of Dicholla, 

Son of Eoghan Finn, 

Son of Cormac, 

Son of Cairpri Crom, 

Son of Feradhach, 

Son of Lughaidh, 

Son of Dalian, 

Son of Bresal, 

Son of Maine Mor, 

Son of Eochaidh Ferdaghiall, 

Son of Domhnall, 

Son of Imchadh, 

Son of Colla da Crich, 

Son of Eochaidh Doimhlen, 

Son of Cairpri Lifechair, 

Son of Cormac Ulf hada, 

Son of Art Aeinf hir, 

Son of Conn of the Hundred Battles. 



Son of Eoghan, 
Son of Murchadh, 
Son of Cathal, 

son of Murchadh, son of Cathal, son of 

Madadhan Mor, son of Diarmaid, son of 


Son of Madaghan Mor, 
Son of Diarmaid , 
Son of Dunadhach, 


Madadhan Ramhar, son of Diarmaid, son 
of Madadhan, son of Gadhra, son of Du- 

ITIic Ounajaio, 
TTlic Cobchaij, 
TTlic ITIailiouin, 
TTlic tDonnjaili, 
TTlic Gnmcaoa, 
TTlic Gojain 6uac, 
TTlic Copmaic, 
TTlic Caipppi, 
TTlic pepaoaij, 
TTlic ^uijeac, 
TTlic t)allam, 
TTlic &pepail, 
TTlic TTlaine TTloip, 
TTlic 6achach 

nadhach, son of Diarmaid, son of Aedh, 
son of Ailioll, son of Dunadhach, son of Ga- 
dhra, son ofLoingsech, son of Dunadhach, 
son of Cobhthach, son of Maelduin, son of 
Donnghalach, son of Anmchadh, son of 
Eoghan Buac, &c., ut supra See also p. 
1 9, and Note B, at the end of this Tract. 

p Gadhra. This name is now obsolete 
as the Christian name of a man, but it 
is Anglicised Gara in the family name 
O'Gadhra, now O'Gara. 

q Dunadhach, now obsolete as the Chris- 

TTlic t)omnaill, 

TTlic Imchaoa, 

TTlic Colla oa Cpich, 

TTlic Bachac 'Ooimlen, 

TTlic Caipppi 6ipechaip, 

TTlic Copmaic, 

TTlic Qipc, 

TTTic Cuino Ceo-cachaij, 

TTlic peiolirnio TCecemaip, 

TTlic Uuachal Ueccmaip, 

TTlic Piaca Pmoalaij, 

TTlic Pepaoaij PIMO Peccnaij, 

TTlic Cpimchamo Nia naip, 

TTlic Cugaio Riab n-oepj. 

tian name of a man, and the Editor is not 
aware that it enters into any surname now 
in existence. 

r Cobhthach, is now obsolete as the Chris- 
tian name of a man, but preserved in the 
family name O'Cobhthaigh, now Anglicised 
Cqffey, without the prefix O'. 

s Maelduin, now obsolete as the Chris- 
tian name of a man, but preserved in the 
family name OPMaelduin, which is now 
Anglicised Muldoon, without the prefix O'. 

1 Donngal, now obsolete. 


Son of GadhraP, 

Son of Dunadhach q , 

Son of Cobhthach r , 

Son of Maelduin 5 , 

Son of Donngal 1 , 

Son of Anmchadh", 

Son of Eoghan Buac v , 

Son of Cormac w , 

Son of Cairpri x , 

Son of FeradhachT, 

Son of Lughaidh, 

Son of Dalian, 

Son of Bresal, 

Son of Maine Mor. 

Son of Eochaidh Ferdaghiall, 

u Anmchadh, is still preserved as the 
Christian name of a man in the family of 
O' Madden, but now always Anglicised 
Ambrose. It is Latinised Animosus by 

T Eoghan, is Latinised Eugenius, and 
Anglicised Owen. 

w Cormac, is still preserved as the Chris- 
tian name of a man, but incorrectly Angli- 
cised Charles. 

x Cairpri, most generally written Cair- 

Son of Domhnall, 

Son of Imchadh, 

Son of Colla da Crich, 

Son of Eochaidh Doimlein, 

Son of Cairpri Lifechair, 

Son of Cormac, 

Son of Art, 

Son of Conn Ced-cathach, 

Son of Feidhlimidh Eechtmhar, 

Son of Tuathal Techtmhar, 

Son of Fiacha Finnalaigh, 

Son of Feradhach Finnfechtnach, 

Son of Crimhthann Nianar, 

Son of Lughaidh Eiabh n-derg. 

bre, is still preserved as the Christian 
name of a man among a few families, and 
Anglicised Carbry. 

y Feradhach, now nearly obsolete as the 
Christian name of a man, though fifty 
years since it was common among the 
family of O'Naghten, in the Barony of 
Athlone, and County of Roscommon, and 
Anglicised Farragh, and sometimes, but 
incorrectly, Ferdinand. 


NOSQ ua 


Nosa ua maiNe. 

lat) po luce coimicca Chlainni 

h-1 Oinb^int), ocup h-1 ^eibenOai^, ocup TT16 

Carail, ocup ITIes ploinO, ocupTnumeepTTlup- 

cat>an; ocup Clano QeGa^dn, no cup opuioeatnip 

pe h-OUainnacc an aipt>-pi. 

Upian cui^it) a n-t>uchcno co bpau fro bunat). 

ocup cpian caca raipceaoa caiman, Da 

The initial word IS has been 
taken from an illumination in 
an Irish MS. of the fourteenth 
century (H. 2. 7.) in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin. 
a Tributaries. Cucr coimicca literally 
means people of payment. The Irish pre- 
fix luce and aop or aep to the genitive 
case of many nouns to form terms equiva- 
lent to personals in other languages, as 
aep ciuil, people of music, i. e. musicians ; 
aep oana, i. e. poets, literally, people of 
poetry; luce eolaip, people of knowledge, 
i. e. literati; luce poice, i. e. people of 
drinking, i. e. drunkards See the Insti- 
tutio Principis, or Inauguration Ode of 


Donogh O'Brien, fourth Earl of Thomond, 
v. 150 (Transactions of the Gaelic Society 
of Dublin, p. 28), where O'Flanagan, the 
translator, renders 50 caip le li-aep 
ekiona, " mitis cum setate scientiae," and 
adds the following note : " Hoc est cum 
hominibus Scientiae, vel Philosopho-poetis. 
Eodem modo a GraBcis, TIOI 'ix-rgav, filii 
medicorum, appellantur medici." 

b Clann Ceallaigh, i. e. the race of 
Ceallach, i. e. the O' Kelly s. 

c O* Duibhginns. They descend from 
Maelanfaidh, the son of Eoghan Finn, the 
ancestor of O'Kelly Seepage 28, Note h . 

d 0' ' Geibhennaighs. Now always Angli- 
cised Keaveny. This family descends from 


>Hese are the tributaries* of the Clann Ceallaigh b : the 
i O'Duibhginns , the 0'Geibhennaighs d , the Mac Ca- 
thails 6 , the Mac Floinns f , Muinter Murchadhan 5 ; and 
the Clann Aedhagain h until they became Ollamhs to 
the arch-chief 1 . 

The third part of the province j is to be their pa- 
trimonial country for ever. And the third part of every treasure 


Geibhennach, son of Aedli, chief of all Hy- 
Many, who, according to the Annals of the 
Four Masters, was slain in the battle of 
Ceis Corainn, in the year 971. In the year 
1018 O'Geibhennaigh is mentioned in the 
same Annals as Tanist of Hy-Many. The 
Editor found several of this name in Hy- 
Many, but all reduced to poverty. 

e Mac Cathails, now Cahills, but this 
family must be distinguished from the 
O'Cathails, which is also Anglicised Cahills. 

f Mac Floinns, now anglicised Magloin, 
and sometimes shortened to Glynn. This 
family is to be distinguished from O'Floinn. 

g Muinter Murckadhan, i. e. the descen- 
dants of Murchadhan, who was prince of 

Hy-Many, and died in the year 936 See 
p. 36, Note f , supra. The Editor could not 
find this name in Hy-Many, and suspects 
that it was Anglicised to Murphy. 

h The Clann Aedhagain, i. e. the family 
ofMacEgan. Seepage 31, Note r , and 
additional Notes at the end of this tract, 
Note E. 

' Ollamhs to the arch-chief. The Rev. 
Patrick Mac Loughlin, in his Abstract of 
the Book of Lecan, already referred to, 
renders this sentence more freely thus : 
" and the Mac Aedhagans too, until they 
became Ollamans of the Lord." Ho cup 
opuioeaoap pe h-OUariinacc an aipo- 
pij, literally translated would be " until 

a palac, no puoomam t>o na pianaib fin ; ocup rjiian epca cac ein 
pip t)'a minncip, t>a paicpigren t>' aicmi in ainD-pi^. 

Union cac cujicainci t>a cicpaD a cuancub Connacr Do'n clainn 
maicni pin. 

they approached the ollavship or office of 
chief professor to the arch-king ;" but by 
arch- king here is not meant the monarch 
of all Ireland, as in most other documents, 
but the supreme prince or chief of the 
territory of Hy-Many. The word pi, in 
this and many other ancient Irish tracts, is 
often applied to a petty chief of one barony, 
and, therefore, aipo-pij is applied to the 
head chief. On this application of the 
Avord pi j O'Flaherty writes the following 
learned remarks in his Ogygia, p. 3 1 : 
" Sua omnibus linguis, et nationibus ali- 
qua peculiaris insita est proprietas, cujus 
absurda foret in aliis imitatio. Quare in 
eorum sententiam ultro eamus, qui falso 
contendunt Regem Latine supremum tan- 
turn, et nulli subjectum dominum deno- 
tare ; ac proinde nobis inepte illud Mar- 
tialis Hemistichium exprobrant, 
Qui Rex est, Regem, Maxime, non habeat, 
Quid vero hoc nostra interest ? Scoti 
mmus non Galli ; Scotice loquimur, non 
Latine ; atque hoc idiomate trito adagio 
dicimus ; ut Hemistichio aliud opponam : 

9egener in tiguri Rex lare quisque sui" 

And again (ibid. p. 32), "Veteres Regis 

nomen tribuebant ei, qui uno oppidulo 

praeesset : sic Ithacae Rex Ulysses, cujus 

ditionem adeo exiguam nidum aestimat 

saxo Cicero affixum. Sic Nestor Pyli Rex. 
Josue 30 regibus in Palestina gulam fregit. 
Strabo testatur singulas Phoenissarum ur- 
bes regem habuisse ; et Plinius strategiis, 
et prsefecturis omnibus olim reges prasfu- 
isse : unde usitato more Divinae Scripture 
cuj usque oppidi Dominus Rex appellatur. 
Atque ut propius ad vicinos accedam, in 
Cantii partibus (qui nunc in Anglia Comi- 
tatus) quatuor reges Csesaris a?tate regna- 
runt. Denique nullum modo in Europa, 
prater ipsam Hiberniam, regnum quod 
non pluribus regibus sibi invicem minime 
subjectis antiquitus paruerit: quos tamen 
nostra? memorias Scriptores, cum in eorum 
mentionem incidunt, Reges dicere non haa- 

J The third part of the province, i. e. the 
principality of Hy-Hany comprised the 
third part of the province of Connaught. 
Shane O'Dugan states the same in his 
topographical poem, as follows : 

"ITIoip-rpian Connachc an clap pin 
Ui TTIaine na mopoal pin 
O Sionamo ppeuba pioe 
^o ITIeaDa, ni min-pije." 

" The great third of Connaught is that plain 
Of Hy-Many of great assemblies, 
Extending from the Shannon of fairv flood 
To Meadha hill ; it is no small kingdom." 


found* hidden or buried in the depths of the earth is to be given to 
these tribes ; and the third part of the eric 1 for every man of their 
people that is killed is to be given to the family of the arch-king. 

The third part of every treasure thrown by the sea m into the har- 
bours of Connaught is to be given to that tribe. 

* Third part of every treasure found. 
See Introductory Kemarks, p. 4, line 8. 
This custom is also noticed in a pedigree 
of O' Kelly, in the possession of Denis 
H. Kelly, of Castlekelly, Esq., in the fol- 
lowing words, under Maine Mor : 

" MAINE MOR : From him the territory 
possessed, by him and his issue took the 
name of Maineach or lath Maine, L e. the 
lands of Maine ; and his posterity down to 
Teige Tailten (in whose time the English 
Invasion happened) were styled Kings of 
lath Maine, in the province of Connaught, 
and had many privileges and immunities 
from the Kings of Connaught, viz., they 
were hereditary marshalls or generals of 
the Connaught armies, and were to possess 
the third part of all the strongholds and 
seaport towns in the province, also to 
have a third part of all prizes and wrecks 
of the sea, and of all hidden treasures 
found under ground, and of all silver and 
gold mines and other metals, together 
with a third of all Eric or reprisal gained 
or recovered by the King of Connaught 
from other provinces for wrongs received, 
with many other similar privileges which 
are enumerated in ancient Chronicles." 

l The third part of the eric, L e. the prince 



of Hy-Many was entitled to the third of 
all the fines for killing men throughout 
the province of Connaught. The eric for 
killing a man was often very great, and 
seems to have been a source of great 
revenue to the chief or king. Donnell 
O' Gallagher states in his will, made in 
the year 1626, that the eric for killing a 
man in Inishowen was 1 68 cows 1 

m Treasure thrown by the sea This de- 
scription of treasure is called cupccupri 
mapa in the Brehon Laws. It appears to 
have consisted of wines, and other articles 
of commerce washed ashore after ship- 
wrecks, and perhaps also whales and other 
fishes, which, by the Saxons, were con- 
sidered royal fishes, and to belong to the 
king and queen only. " De Sturgione obser- 
vetur, quod rex ilium habebit integrum : 
de balena vero sufficit, si rex habeat caput, 
et regina caudam." Bracton. 1. 3, c. 3. 

It appears from Cormac's Glossary, in 
voce Bppcop pina, that there was a dis- 
tinct tract of the Brehon Laws called 
Mur-Bkretha, i. e. Sea-Laws, to regulate 
matters of this nature, but this tract is 
not now to be found among the MSS. pre- 
served in the Library of Trinity College, 


TTlapapsalacc a pluai^ a^ na paep-clannaib o ChapaiD co Cuim- 
nech, a Laisnib, ocup a laec TTlhurhain. 

Sluaigeo Gppaig ocup poDmaip D'anacal ap na h-aicmeDaib 
pin, can comup a n-iappara D'a n-ainDeom. 

Ni piaDa peap t>o'n chui^eD ap na pmeaDaib, ace mat) TTlai- 
neac eli D'a piaonugab. 

TTlaD pami na caecaip ap mfp pluaijjeD Connacr, comap ceacra 
D'a ci^ 05 na TTlainecaib. 

Jit) mop Ifce t)o Keep t>o lucr ^ami oppa, m olegam ace aen 
pep, na am-cepca o'a pena, no D'a puigiugab. 

Cac pocap Da puiDi^iD leabaip D'Ctipgiallaib, a leireiD D' 
O'Cellai^ o Chonnacca. 

Ip iaD po .uif. n-oippi^i O TTlaine, .1. O'Conaill, ocup ip inanD 
Duci DoocupDoTTldCndirhinocup D' O'Oubuppla; oppiganan-Qnm- 


n Marshallship of the forces of all Hy- 

Many, from Caradk to Luimnech The 

place called Caradh formed the northern 
or north-eastern boundary of Hy-Many, 
and Grian its southern, and Luimnech was 
an old name for the River Shannon. Thus 
in the Annals of the Four Masters, at the 
year 1536, the whole extent of Hy-Many 
is denned by stating that it lay between 
Caradh and Grian. 

A. D. 1536, Donnell, the son of Donogh 
O'Kelly, a select captain and Tanist of Hy- 
Many from Caradh to Grian, was slain. 

The hostings of Spring and Autumn, fyc. 
The Rev. Patrick Mac Loughlin, in an 
abstract of the Book of Leacan (MS. Royal 
Irish Academy), translates this passage 
very incorrectly thus : " All the preceding 
septs were to have their harvest and spring 

provisions for their own use, and could not 
be compelled to part with them." But 
the true meaning, as will be obvious to 
the intelligent Irish scholar, is, that these 
tribes were not compelled to go on any 
warlike expedition for the king of Con- 
naught, either in Springer Autumn, unless 
they wished to do so themselves ; evidently 
because they were, at the former season, 
engaged in sowing their crops, and, at the 
latter, in saving them. 

p No man of the province, fyc. This 
was a remarkable privilege, and it is diffi- 
cult now to conjecture how the people of 
Hy-Many originally obtained it. 

q If the hosting ofConnaught, fyc That 
is, if the king of Connaught should con- 
tinue longer than six weeks on an expe- 
dition against his enemies in Ulster or 


The marshallship of the forces of all Hy-Many, from Caradh to 
Luimnech 11 , on all expeditions into Leinster, and into heroic Munster, 
belongs to the noble tribes. 

These tribes are freed from the nestings of Spring and Autumn , 
and there is no power to ask them against their will. 

No man of the province 1 * is to be taken as witness against these 
tribes, but another Hy-Manian is to bear witness. 

If the hosting of Connaught q should remain longer than a fort- 
night and a month, the Manians have liberty to return home. 

However great r may be the accusation brought against them by 
dishonest people, only one man or one witness is required to deny 
it or prove it against the other party. 

Every privilege* which books mention to be allowed to the Oir- 
ghialla, the same is given to O'Kelly by the Connacians. 

These are -the seven oirrighi 1 [sub-chiefs] of Hy-Many, viz., 
O'Conaill", and he has the same patrimony as Mac Cnaimhin v and 


Leinster, the forces which he had raised monarchs of Ireland, will be found detailed 

in the territory of Hy-Many were at li- in Leabhar na g-Ceart, or Book of Rights, 

berty to return home. of which there are copies preserved in the 

r However great, $c. ^10 mop lice DO Books of Lecan and Ballymote, and in 

licep The word lice, which is entirely MSS. in the Library of Trinity College, 

obsolete in the modern Irish, is of constant Dublin. 

occurrence in the Brehon Laws and other t yrfo seven oirrighi Translated seven 

ancient Irish tracts, in the sense of accu- chiefs by the Rev. Patrick Mac Loughlin, 
sation or charge. The following example in his abstract of the Book of Lecan, al- 
of the use of this word, from Cormac's ready referred to. The word oippij is 
Glossary, under the word Nepcoic, will always used in the best Irish MSS, to de- 
put its meaning beyond dispute : C ice note a sub-chief, or one tributary to, or 
bine pop mnai J^aibnen, " the wife of under the controul of another. The exact 
Gaibhnen was charged with crime." distinction between it sadjlaitk is not ob- 

s Every privilege, fyc The privileges vious. 

granted to the men of Oirghiall (from u O^Conaitt. The locality of this family 

whom the Hy-Many are a colony) by the is thus clearly pointed out by O'Dugan : 



ccmctc, .1. TTlumnp TTlaDaDan : Riga TTlaenTYiaigi, .1. TTHuneip Nec- 
cain, ocuf h-1 TTlailalaiD. Ocup aca cuapupDal o pi Gpenn, 510 
ingnao, Do pigaib O piacpac pinn pech pigaib O'lTiaine. 


at Ardee, in the now county of Louth, in 
a battle fought between Muirchertach Mac 
Loughlin, senior of the Northern Hy- 
Niall, the legitimate heir to the throne of 
Ireland, and Roderic O'Conor, king of 
Connaught. The head of the name in the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth was Hugh Mac 
Knavin : he was hanged on the 4th of 
June, 1 602, as appears from an inquisition 
taken at Galway, on the loth of October, 
1605 : " Quod Hugo Mac Knavin, alias 
dictus Mac Kellie, intravit in actionem 
Rebellionis et captus et suspensus fuit, 4 
Junii 1602 ; et fuit seisitus in Ballilie, 
Cranach Mac Knavin," &c. 

In a grant to the Earl of Clanrickarde, 
dated igih. July, 1610, mention is made, 
among various other lands granted to him, 
of part of the lands of Cranach Mac Kna- 
vin, parcel of the estate of Hugh Mac 
Knavin, otherwise O'Kelly [an error for 
Mac Kelly], of Cranagh Mac Knavin, ex- 
ecuted in rebellion. Also an inquisition 
taken at Loughrea, on the i6th of Sep- 
tember, 1617, before Sir Charles Coote, 
finds that Mclaughlin Mac Gilliduff Mac 
Knavin, was seised of fee of Ballyglass ; 
Art Mac Knavin of Kellin [now Killeen], 
and Bealanamore ; Dermot Mac Knavin of 
Lisduff; Dermot Mac Donell Oge Mac 
Knavin of Loghanroe, parcel of Ballyglass, 
in the parish of Tynagh and barony of 
Leitrim ; that Hugh and Donell 

Cuio Ui Chonaill oo'n cpich pin, 
t)o'n cip aluinn cunrhin pin, 
O ^Jhpe'm co ceano mop muije, 
Sloij aj peip an pioj-puipe. 

" O'Connell's portion of that country, 

Of that splendid rugged land, 

Extends from Grian to the head of the great plain, 

Whose host obey the royal prince." 

Grian was the name of a river rising in 
the frontiers of Thomond ; and by " head 
of the great plain" is here meant the head 
of the plain of Moenmagh, which comprised 
Loughreagh and the adjacent plains. The 
Editor is not aware that there are any 
O'Connells of this race at present extant 
in that district. The O'Connells of the 
county of Kerry, the chief of whom was 
transplanted to Clare in Cromwell's time, 
are of a totally different race. 

v Mac Cnaimhin, now Anglicised Mac 
Nevin, and among the peasantry shortened 
to Neavin and Nevin. This family were 
originally settled at Crannog Meg Cnaimh- 
in, now Crannagh-Mac Nevin, in the 
south-east extremity of the parish of Ty- 
nagh, barony of Leitrim, and county of 
Galway, and the name is still numerous 
in that and the adjoining barony of Lough- 
rea. The first notice of this family to be 
found in Irish history occurs in the An- 
nals of the Four Masters at the year 1 159, 
where it is recorded that Athius, the son 
of Mac Cnaimhin (Mac Nevin), was slain 

6 9 

0'Dubhurrla w . The chiefs of the Sil Anmchadha* are the O'Ma- 
dudhains y . The kings of Maenmagh 2 are Muintir Neachtain a and 


Mac Knavin, and Donogli Mac Knavin 
were seised of fee of Tumkeyne; Edmond 
Mac Shane Mac Knavin, of Ballyelly ; and 
John Mac Donell Mac Knavin, and Con- 
nor Mac Knavin, of Mong. The last sup- 
posed head of this family was the cele- 
brated Dr. MacNevin, who was expatriated 
for being implicated in the rebellion of 
1798. He was possessed in fee of the 
lands of Ballynahown, near Aughrim, in 
the county of Galway, which he sold. 
The most affluent gentleman of this tribe 
now in Ireland is Daniel Mac Nevin, Esq., 
of Ashfield, in the parish of Beagh, barony 
of Kiltartan, and county of Galway. He 
has property in various parts of the same 
county, but possesses no portion of the 
lands which belonged to his ancestors. His 
property in the parish of Beagh originally 
belonged to O'Shaughnessy, and more re- 
cently to the Blake Fosters, from whom it 
passed by intermarriage to Mr. Mac Nevin. 

w 'Dubkurrla This name is now ob- 
solete, as far as the Editor has been able 
to ascertain. The nearest Anglicised form 
of it would be Doorley. 

x Sil Anmchadha In latter ages the 
territory of this tribe was co-extensive 
with the barony of Longford, in the county 
of Galway, and the parish of Lusmagh, in 
the King's County, on the east side of the 
Shannon, which parish formerly formed a 
portion of the county of Galway, as we 

learn by an inquisition, preserved in the 
Bolls Office, Dublin, taken at Galway, on 
the nth of August, 1607, in which the 
boundaries of the county of Galway, on 
this side, are thus described : " The 
boundes or meares of the countie of Gal- 
wiae begynieth beyond the Kiver of Shea- 
non eastwarde at the marishe of Meanagh 
Keogh, which divideth the great woods of 
Killie Corri, whereof the woods westward 
of the said marishe are included within 
the bounds of the county of Galwaie, and 
the woods eastward of the marishes are of 
the King's County, and so bounding for- 
ward to the River of Brosnagh and retayn- 
ning the course of the streame as that 
runneth, that falleth into the River of 
Sheanon, and including the island of In- 
chenegal and Inishtymone that extendeth 
forwarde by east to the island of Inish- 
fadda, as the course of the streame runneth 
from thence including the island of Port- 
klyely it goeth directly to Dirremacegane, 
and including the island of Illanmore and 
Inishcaldry that runneth through Lough- 
dirgirt, and so to the river Boye and 
holding that river against the stream to 
Loghetory" [now Loughatorig, i. e. Lake 
of the boundary]. 

This inquisition, after describing the 
meres of the county of Galway all round, 
thus concludes at the point whence it set 
out with the description : " and so re- 


Net pe Sojain co n-a qifca, $e be aicnu acn t)'a paemait) 
nup, ap oppi^ pe peat> a ui^eyinuip h-e, .1. Cmel Recca, ocup Cenel 

teyning the stream that goeth under the 
middle arch of the middle bridge of Bali- 
nesloy, and from thence with the course 
of the streame that falleth into the Shea- 
non and going out of the same into the 
Eiver of Brossnagh ; (there are two 
Brossnaghs ; this which meareth Sir John 
Mac Coghlan's country on that side from 
the Barony Longford, and the other Bross- 
nagh, which falleth between Ormond and 
the south side of the saide barony of Long- 
ford into the Sheanon) and so from the 
Brossnagh of Mac Coghlan's country to 
Bungowla, and so to Meanaghbeg, where 
we began." 

It is curious that O'Dugan, in his to- 
pographical poem, makes no mention of 
the family of O'Madden, but makes the 
O'Huallachains, now Mac Cuolaghans, or 
Cuolahans, the sole chiefs of Siol Anm- 
chadha, while the Book of Lecan (ubi su- 
pra, pp. 40, 41) makes the latter only the 
old chiefs of that territory. It is curious 
that theMacCuolahans, since they lost their 
rank of chiefs of Sil-Anmchadha, have 
been seated on the east side of the Shannon, 
and have retained no portion of the ori- 
ginal territory lying west of that river. 

y O'Madudhains, now always Anglicised 
Madden in the province of Connaught, 
and Maddagan in Munster. Ambrose 
Madden, Esq. of Streamstown, in the west 
of the county of Galway, is the senior re- 

presentative of this family. Sir Frederic 
Madden, of the British Museum, descends 
from a branch of this family who removed 

to Dublin at an early period See Note 

B, at the end of this tract for the pedigree, 
carried down to the present day. 

2 Moenmagh. O'Flaherty states (Ogy- 
gia, Part III. c. 17) that this territory, 
in which Loughrea is situated, is co-ex- 
tensive with Clanrickard, in the county of 
Galway ; but this cannot be true, as Clan- 
rickard comprised the six southern baro- 
nies of the county of Galway, and Moen- 
magh never embraced any portion of the 
barony of Kiltartan, Longford, or Dun- 
kellin. Moenmagh is the rich plain lying 
round Loughrea, and comprising Moyode, 
Finnure, and other places mentioned in old 
Irish documents. It was bounded on the 
east by the territory of Siol Anmchadha 
(now the barony of Longford), on the south 
by the celebrated mountain of Sliabh 
Echtghe (now Slieve Aughtee), and on the 
west by the diocese of Kilmacduagh ; its 
northern boundary is uncertain ; but we 
know that it extended so far to the north 
as to comprise the townland of Moyode, 
as that place is distinctly mentioned as in- 
cluded in the plain of Moenmagh. 

a Mu inter Neachtain The family name 
is O'Neachtain, and is now Anglicised 
Naghten, and sometimes corrupted to 
Norton. This family were afterwards, 

the 0'Maeilallaidhs b . And the king of Erin, strange to say, gives a 
subsidy to the chiefs of the Hy-Fiachrach Finn c , more than [or in 
preference to] the king of Hy-Many. 

The six Soghans d with their cantred : to whomsoever of them 
they cede the chieftainship, he is called Orrigh during his reign. 


probably in the time of Conor Moenmoy 
O'Conor, removed from Moenmagh to the 
Feadha, or Fews, of Athlone, in the ba- 
rony of Athlone, in the county of Ros- 
common, where Shane O'Naghten was 
chief of the sept in the reign of Elizabeth, 
and where E. H. Naghten, Esq., of Tho- 
mastown Park, the present head of the 
O'Naghtens, enjoys a very considerable 
remnant of the territory of his ancestors 
See Note G, at the end of this Tract. 

b The, O* Maettattaidhs. This family was 
afterwards removed from Moenmagh to the 
parish of Tuam, where they resided in the 
castle of Tolendal, four miles to the north 
of the town of Tuam. The head of this 
family removed to France after the defeat of 
the Irish, at Aughrim, and was the ances- 
tor of the celebrated statesman and orator 
Count Lally Tolendal, who was created 
Marquis by Napoleon. The French and 
Tuam branches of this family are now ex- 
tinct, but there are many of the name 
still in the original territory of Moenmoy 
in narrow circumstances, who retain the 
original form of the name, except that in 
writing it in English they reject the O', 
which has become a general practice among 
the Irish peasantry. See Note H, at the 
end of this Tract. 

O'Dugan also, in his topographical poem, 
mentions the O'Neachtains and O'Mull- 
allys as the chiefs of Moenmagh. His 
words are : 

"Rfoja maomhuije na mal, 
tD'ap ab oucaio an oonn-cldp, 
Diap DO cechcaio an caob pin, 
O'Neachcam, O'lTlaoilalaio; 
Q n-jleo co cpom ip na cacpaiB, 
Gp leo an ponn co piachpachaib. 

" The kings of Maonmagh of chiefs, 
To whom the rich plain is hereditary, 
Two who have strengthened that side, 
O'Naghten and O'Mullally ; 
Their fight is heavy in the battles; 
They possess the land as far as Hy-Fiachrach." 

This extract is curious, as proving that 
Maonmagh was bounded on one side by 
the country of the Hy-Fiachrach- Aidhne, 
which was co-extensive with the diocese 
of Kilmacduagh, as could be demonstrated 
from the most authentic and clearest evi- 

c The Hy-Fiachrach Finn. These were 
the branch of the Hy-Many seated in the 
territory of Moenmoy, mentioned in Note z . 
Their chiefs were the O'Naghtens and 
O'Mullallys, or Lallys. They deduce their 
tribe name from their ancestor Fiachra 
Finn, the son of Breasal, who was the 


Upenct, ocup Cenel Lucra, ocup Cenel pep^na, ocup Cenel 
n-OoTncm^ein ,ocup Cenel n-jeisill: rpf h-oppa ap Sil Cpimchainn 
Chdil, t)d oppi^ t)'d pfl pein, ocup oppi^ Do Shil TTluipeaDaij. If 
icto po an epiup pin, .1. h-1 TTIailpuanait), ocup h-1 TTlupom, ocup 
h-1 Charail. 

son of Maine Mor, the common ancestor 
of all the Hy-Many, as we learn from their 
pedigree in the Book of Lecan, fol. 90 
(vide supra, pp. 32, 33), in Mac Firbis's 
Genealogical Book, p. 3 2 8, and O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, Part III. c. 76, where we read, 
" Manii filius Bressalius quinque natos ge- 
neravit, Fiachrium Fionn, ex quo O'Nagh- 
ten, Dallanum, Conallum, Crimthannum, 
et Manium, a quo Hy-Maine Brengar." 

d Six Soghans. O'Dugan also mentions 
these tribes, as follows : 

Na pe Sooam na peachnam, 
Q pioja jan po peachmall; 
TTIaich plua na B-pojao b-po^lach, 
t)an' oual Sooan pleaj-apmach. 
" The six Sodhans let us not shun, 
Their chiefs are without oblivion ; 
Good the host of plundering excursions, 
To whom the spear-armed Sodhan is hereditary. " 

O' Flaherty, in his Ogygia, Part III. c. 
66, p. 327, says that there were several 
tribes in Ireland of the name Sodan, all 
deriving their name from Sodan, the son 
of Fiacha Araidh, king of Ulster, about 
the year of Christ 240. His words are, 
" Sodanius ipsius [Fiachi Araidh] filius, 
Sodaniorum sator, qui Sodaniam Aitchi in 
Fernmoya, Ultonise regione, Sodaniam in 
Media, et Sodaniam in Hymania Galviensis 

agri ditione prseter siquas alias incoluerunt. 
De his antiquariae et poeticss facultatis 
WardaBorum et O'Duveganorum familiae 

It appears from this and other more 
ancient authorities that the Sodhans of 
Hy-Many were not of the same race with 
the Hy-Manians themselves. 

The exact extent of the cantred of the 
six Sodhans cannot now be determined ; 
but the situation of Ballydugan, the seat 
of O'Dugan, and of Muine Chasain, the 
seat of the poet Mac Ward, who were two 
families of the six Sodans, will point out 
the whereabouts of the entire cantred. It 
appears also from the Felire Aenguis that 
the churches of Cill Conain and Cill Modh- 
iuid, or Church of Saint Simplex, were in 
this cantred. An additional evidence of its 
situation is obtained from a passage in the 
Chronicon Scotorum, at the year 1135, 
that O'Mainnin, now Mannin, was the chief 
of this cantred, and this family had their 
head residence at Menlagh-O'Mannin, near 
Castle Blakeney, from time immemorial ; 
so that it is rational to conclude, that 
Menlagh and the other possessions of 
O'Mannin in its vicinity, formed a portion 
of the cantred of Sodhan, or Soghan, the 
ancient territory of O'Mannin. The pas- 


These are the Cinel Rechta, the Cinel Trena, the Cinel Luchta, the 
Cinel Fergna, the Cinel Domaingen, the Cinel Geigill. There are 
three Orrighs [sub-chiefs] over the Race of Crimhthann Cael e , viz., 
two Orrighs of his own race, and two of the Sil-Muireadhaigh f . 
These are the three, viz., the O'Mailmanaidhs 8 , the O'Muroins h , and 

the O'Cathails' 1 . 


sage in the Chronicon Scotorum, above 
referred to, is as follows : 

A.D. 1 135 __ TTlaiom TTlonjcnje |ie Sil 
ITIuipeoai j ap Ib TTlame, ubi muln ceci- 
oepunc, urn Concopap h-Ua Cellai^, 
ocup h-Ua TTlainnin, pi So^am. 

" A. D. 1 135 __ The Battle of Mongach 
was gained by the Sil-Muiredhaigh over 
the Hy-Many, ubi multi ceciderunt, toge- 
ther with Conor O'Kelly, and O'Mannin, 
king of Soghan." 

e Crimhthann Cael, i. e. Crimhthann the 
Slender. He was the son of Bresal, son 
of Maine Mor, and was the ancestor of 
three chiefs of all Hy-Many See above, 
pp. 26, 27, Notes f , s. 

O'Dugan enumerates the same chieftains 
of this district in the following quatrain : 

O Cachail, O ITIuopoin meap, 
O TTlaoilpuanaiD na pi-plea6, 
Cpoinn oiona an up-pumn eanuijj, 
Cpumcamn cpich-peaoaij. 

" O'Cathail, O'Mudhroin the swift, 

O'Maoilruanaidh of the royal banquets, 

Trees who shelter the soft boggy land, 

Are kings of Crumhthann of the woody surface." 

The territory of this tribe still retains its 

ancient name, which is Anglicised Cruffon, 
being the exact pronunciation of the an- 
cient Irish form of the name. The situa- 
tion of this territory is thus pointed out by 
Denis Henry Kelly, Esq,, of Castle Kelly, 
in a letter to the Editor : " Cruffon is 
the name by which the peasantry still de- 
signate a large district in the county of 
Galway, long celebrated for its coarse 
linen manufacture, containing the barony 
of Killyan, and a large tract of Ballymoe." 

f Sil Muireadhaigh. This was the tribe 
name of the 0' Conors, kings of Connaught, 
and their correlatives, who were so called 
from Muireadhach Muilleathan, king of 
Connaught, who died in the year 700, as 
we learn from the Annals of the Four 
Masters : 

" A. D. 700 Died Muireadhach, i. e. 

Muireadhach Muilleathan (the son of Fer- 
gus), king of Connaught, from whom the 
Sil-Muireadhaigh are descended." 

g O'Mailruanaidhs, now Anglicised Mul- 
roney, and in the county of Clare, Morony. 

h O'Muroins. This name is now An- 
glicised Moran, the prefix O' being always 

1 O'Cathails, now Anglicised Cahill, the 
O' being never prefixed. 


cm Chalaio, o'n TTloin Inpamech co Cluain "Cuaipcipe na 
Sint>a, .1. TTlac 5 1 ^ 1t>U1 ^'? h-Ua Caegacain, no Cae^o^, plaic na 
pint) cnica pin. 

Seacc plaichi O'lTidine, .1. TTlac Gmigan, plaic Clainm Dian- 
TYiat>a; ocup TTlac ^^-^nan, plcuc Clainm plaichemail, [ocup] 


J Caladh The word caladh, which in 

other parts of Ireland denotes a ferry, or 
a landing place for boats, is at present 
used in this district to signify a low, flat 
district, extending along a lake or river, 
like the word strath in Ulster and Scotland. 
The Rev. P. Mac Loughlin renders this 
sentence thus : " The Barony of Gala, 
from Moin Inraidech to Cluain tuaiscirt 
na Sinda, had for chiefs Mac Gilla dubh 
and O'Laegachain." 

The situation of the territory of Caladh, 
the chief residence in which, called the 
Bawn of Callow, was built by William 
Flavus O' Kelly about the year 1353, is 
still known in the country, and is said to 
be nearly co-extensive with the barony of 
Kilconnell ; but it appears from the de- 
scription of its extent given in the text 
that it extended much farther to the south 
than the present barony of Kilconnell. In 
the Annals of the Four Masters, this can- 
tred is described as in the upper part of 
Hy-Many in the sixteenth century. 

O'Dugan, in his topographical poem, 
calls this territory CalaoSinna, or Caladh 
of the Shannon^ and calls its chief O'6ct- 

h-Ui 60:0605 laoic nac peacham 
^a an Chalaio cpip-leacam, 

Pip lep 5abao 'na n 
Calao Sionna ppiob-jjlome. 

" The O'Laodhogs, heroes whom I will not shun, 
Are the kings of the wide-bordered Caladh, 
Men who have taken into their possession 
The Caladh of the clear-streamed Shannon." 

k Moin Inraideach The situation of 

this place, which was a bog, is unknown 
to the Editor. The name is at present 
forgotten in the country. 

1 Cluain Tuaiscirt of the Shannon There 
are two places in the ancient Hy-Many 
called Cluain Tuaiscirt, one situated near 
Lanesborough, in the county of Roscom- 
mon, and near the Shannon, and therefore 
correctly called Cluain Tuaiscirt na Sinna, 
i. e. Cluain Tuaiscirt of the Shannon ; the 
other is situated about five miles to the 
south of Ballinasloe, in the county of Gal- 
way, and near the River Suck. The latter 
is clearly the place here called Cluain Tu- 
aiscirt na Sinna, though incorrectly, be- 
cause the cantred of Caladh never could 
have extended to the Cluain Tuaiscirt near 
Lanesborough, in the county of Roscom- 

m Mac Gilliduibh, is now always An- 
glicised Kilduff. There are several of the 
name still in the neighbourhood of A thlone. 
n O'Laeghachain, or CfLaeghog. Nei- 


The king of Caladh j , which extends from Moin Inraidech* to 
Cluain Tuaiscirt of the Shannon 1 , is Mac Gilliduibh m , O'Laeghachain, 
or O'Laeghog", are the flaiths [chieftains] of that fair cantred. 

The seven flaiths of Hy-Many are these, viz., Mac Eidhigan, chief 
of Clann Diarmada p ; Mac Gilli-Enan q and Muinter Chinaith r are 


ther form of the name is now preserved in 
the country, but it is supposed to have 
been corrupted to Lee. 

The seven flaiihs, rendered "the seven 
governors or flaiths of Imaine," by the Rev. 
P. Mac Loughlin. 

There is some error here in the text, as 
there are eight flaiths named. O'Dugan 
also mentions the same eight flaiths, and 
enumerates them as follows in that part 
of his topographical poem which relates 
to Hy-Many: i. Mac Egan, whom he 
calls chief of the Clann Diarmada, north 
and south ; 2. Mac Giolla Fhionnagain, and 
the Clann Cionaoith, chiefs of Clann Flaith- 
earuhain ; 3. O'Donnellan of Clann Bre- 
asail ; 4. O'Donnchadha of Hy-Cormaic, 
in Maenmagh ; 5. O'Duibhginn, chief of 
the twelve Ballys of O'Duibhginn ; 6. 
O'Docomhlain of Rinn na h-Eidhnighe ; 

7. O'Gabhrain of Dal Druithne, and, 

8. O'Maoilbrighde of Magh Finn. 

v Mac Eidhigan, chief of Clann Diarmada, 
more correctly spelt Mac Aedhagain, now 
Anglicised Mac Egan. See Note r , p. 31. 
This family descend from Aedhagan, An- 
glice Egan, the sixteenth in descent from 
Maine Mor, the ancestor of all the Hy- 
Maine. O'Dugan gives this family the 


first place among the sub-chiefs of Hy- 
Many for their generosity and fame. His 
words are, 

Copac, ap ISu^a ip ap blaic, 
t)o TTlac Sicceoam uapail, 
Slomn DO ap aclaime a pian 
Ip ap pacriiaipe a pj-miao 
Clann t)iapmaoa ruaio ip reap 
Q j-cup im Duam ip oileap. 

" Precedence, for his generosity and fame, 
Give we to Mac Egan, the noble, 
Mention him for the dexterity of his troops 
And for the prosperity of his regal dignity ; 
The Churn Diarmada, north and south, 
To mention them in my poem is lawful." 

See pp. 30, 31, and Notes A and E, at the 
end of this tract. 

q Mac Gitti-Enan This name, which 

is written TTlac fylla Pionnajam by 
O'Dugan, is now obsolete. The sept of 
Clann Flaitheamhain, of which Mac Gilla- 
Enain Avas chief, descend from Flaithemh, 
the tenth in descent from Maine Mor, the 
ancestor of all the Hy-Maine. 

r Muinter Chinaith The family name 
was O'Cionaith, now always Anglicised 
Kenny, without the prefix O'. The name 
is still very common in Hy-Many. O'Du- 
gan makes Mac Gilla-Fionnagain and 

7 6 

TTluirmcip Chmair, ocup plairClcunni bpeapail .1. TTIuinncep OOTYI- 
nallcm, ocup plairClainni Ouib^int), .1. O'Ouibgino, ocup 6 5bpdn 
ap Dailn-Dpuichni, ocup 6 Oocomlan ap Pinn na h-Gi^mOi ocup 6 
Oonncaoa ap Qib Copmaic TTlaeiiTnui^i ; O THailbjiigoi, .1. plaic 
na 6pet>ca, an cuach ap uaipli a n-lb IDaine. 

Seacc ppim-comapbaoa O TTlaine, .1. Comapba Cluana pepca, 


Muintir Cionaoith, the chiefs of Clann 


Hlac ^lolla phionnajam maoir, 
Qrup Clann cpooa Cionaoic, 
t)a opomj af aoboa o'peaoain 
Qp Cloinn cpooa plairheamain. 

" Mac-Gilla-Fionnagain the gentle, 
And the brave Clann Cionaith, 
Two tribes, who are beautiful to be seen 
Over the brave Clann Flaitheamhain." 

For the descent of this tribe see pp. 30, 31. 
s Muintir Domhnallain. The family 
name is O'Domhnallain, now always An- 
glicised Donnellan, without the prefix O'. 
O'Dugan also mentions this family as 
chiefs of Clann Breasail, in the following 
quatrain : 

Uapol a b-puil 'p a b-peaoma 
Ui tDomnallam oeaj-oealboa 
t)o bomj pe rpeapaib cuile 
Qp Cloinn m-6peapail m-bapp-buioe. 

" Noble the blood and the deeds 
Of the O'Donnellans of the good aspects ; 
Boisterous as the flood are they in battles 
Over the yellow-haired Clann Breasail." 

This family descends from Domhnallan, 
son of Maelbrighde, who was son of Tigh- 
ernan, the son of Loingsech, who was son 

of Domhnall, the son of Breasal, ancestor 
of the Clann Breasail, and tenth in descent 
from Maine Mor, the ancestor of all the 
Hy-Many. The present head of this fa- 
mily is Arthur Donnellan, Esq., of Bally- 
donnellan, in the county of Galway, situ- 
ated midway between Ballinasloe and 
Loughrea, who possesses a considerable 
remnant of the original cantred of Clann 
Breasail See Note y , supra, p. 32, and 
Note F, at the end of this tract. 

c O'Duibhginn See p. 28, Note h . 

u O^Gabhrain This name, and the si- 
tuation of the tribe, are now unknown. 

v G 1 Docomhlan This name, and the 

situation of Rinn na h-Eignide, are un- 

w 0' ' Donnchadha of Aibh Cormaic. 
This name would be Anglicised O'Donoghy 
or O'Donoghoe ; or Donoghy or Donoghoe 
without the O', but the Editor is not 
aware that the name still exists in Hy- 
Many. O'Dugan states in his topographi- 
cal poem that this tribe was located to the 
south, outside the Latkack, or Quagmire, 
in the territory of Moenmoy. They de- 
rive their name and origin from Cormac, 
son of Crimthann, who was the son of 


chiefs of Clann Flaitheamhail; Muinter Domhnallain 5 , chief of Clann 
Breasail; O'Duibhginn 1 , chief of Clann Duibhginn; O'Gabhrain" of Dal 
n-Druithne; O'Docomhlan of Rinn na h-Eignide v ; 0'Donnchadha w of 
Aibh Cormaic Maenmuighe ; and O'Mailbrighdi* is chief of Bredach, 
the noblest cantred in Hy-Many. 

There are seven principal Comharbas y in Hy-Many, viz., the 


Breasal, who was the son of Maine Mor, 
ancestor of all the Hy-Many. 

x (f Mailbrighdi, chief of Bredach. This 
territory, which comprised forty quarters 
of land, was otherwise called Magh Finn, 
and is situated on the east side of the River 
Suck, in the barony of Athlone. The 
O'Mailbrighdes were afterwards dispos- 
sessed of this territory by the Mac Keoghs, 
a branch of the O' Kelly s, and the district 
is now popularly known by the name of 
Keogh's country. We learn from the lives 
of St. Bridget, and from O'Dugan's topo- 
graphical poem, that this district was un- 
der the patronage of St. Bridget. O'Du- 
gan's words are as follows : 

Caoipeach TTluije pmn popcail, 
tD'a D-CUCC 6|iijicc beanoochcam, 
Saop a pUiaj peaonia co pe, 
O TTJaoil bucun-peapoa &pijoe : 
TTlair a n-oeapna ap jac oume 
Plair bpeajoa na 6peaouije. 

" The chief the fast Magh finn, 
To which Bridget gave a blessing, 
Noble his warlike host, as yet, 
7s O'Maoilbrighde, the ever-manly : 
Good has he done to every man, 
This majestic chief of Breadach." 

y Comharbas Sir John Davis, in his 

letter to the Earl of Salisbury, published 
in Vallancey's Collectanea, vol. i. pp. 1 60, 
161, has preserved the following definition 
of the name and office of a comharba : 
" And that your Lordship may perceive I 
weave not this web out of my own brain, 
but that I have authority for it, which I 
deliver, I will here insert a certificate in 
Latin made unto me by an Irish scholar, 
whose opinion I required in this matter, 
which I have now by chance among my 

papers : The scholar's opinion 

was this : 

' Corbanatus, sive Plebanatus, dignitas 
est, et modo ad regem pertinet, sed antea 
ad Papam ; in matrici ecclesia debet neces- 
sario esse, initiatus in sacris ordinibus, 
omnesque decimas pertinentes ad hanc de- 
bet habere, et beneficia adjuncta huic 
ipsius sunt, eorumque conferentiam habet 
et presentationem : dictum hoc nomen, 
quia populo et plebi ecclesiastic matricis 
ecclesise praafuit; certum numerum sacer- 
dotum quasi collegialium debet habere 
secum ; primum stallum in sua ecclesia 
habet ; habet etiam stallum vacuum in 
ecclesia cathedrali ; et vocem in omni ca- 


ocup CoTYiccpba Cilli TDian, ocup Comapba Cilli 'Culac, Com- 
apba Cilli Cumaoan, ocup Comapba Camca 6pi<5t)i, map a 
m-baipcep popal O TTlaine, ocup Comapba Cluana Uuaipcipc na 
Sint>a, o'ap ab Dual pigat) pil Cellaig, ocup Comapba Cluana 
Cain Caipill. 

6aipt>et> pil TTlaine t>o bpigit), ocup gen co beipcep an baipoeb 
ant), comup pingni baipt>i t>a cabac ag a comapb o na h-aicmea- 
oaib pin ; ocup a poinn ap rpi a rnuig : a cpian t)i pein, ocup a 
rpian Do Opium Dpepcan, ocup a cpian Do Cluain Gmain. 


pitulo tarn publico quam private : inscri- 
bitur Romano Eegistro, adeoque dignitas 
est.' " In modern times the^Comharba was 
married, and the dignity was hereditary 
in some one family. In 1517 Teige 
O'Rody, who was Comharba of Fenagh, 
in the county of Leitrim, was married to 
Honora, the daughter of O'Mulloy. 

For further information on this subject 
the reader is referred to Ussher's tract on 
Corbes, Erenachs, and Termon Lands, 
published in the second number of the 
Collectanea, Colgan's Trias Thaum., pp. 
630, 631, and Lanigan's Ecclesiastical 
History, vol. ii. p. 37, and vol. iv. p. 30, 
et sequent. 

z Comharba of Cluain Fearta The Rev. 
Patrick Mac Loughlin translates this " the 
Bishop of Clonfert," but it is very much 
to be doubted that the Comharba of Clon- 
fert meant the bishop of that see at the 
time this tract was written. 

Cluain Fearta is now anglicised Clon- 
fert, and is the seat of a bishop, situated 
in the barony of Longford, and county of 


a Gill Mian, now Kilmeen, the name of 
an old church and parish, in the barony 
of Leitrim, about three miles to the east 
of the town of Loughrea, See Map. 

b Gill Tulack, now Kiltullagh, a parish 
situated partly in the barony of Kilcon- 
nell, but mostly in the barony of Athenry, 
in the county of Galway, and diocese of 
Clonfert, about three miles east by south 
from the town of Athenry, on the road to 

c Gill Gumadan, now Kilcomedon, an 
old church in the parish of Aughrim, in 
the county of Galway, well known to the 
readers of modern Irish history as the 
burial place of the celebrated French Ge- 
neral St. Ruth, who was killed in the 
battle of Aughrim on the I2th of July, 

d Camach Brighdi, now Camma, a parish 
in the barony of Athlone, county of Ros- 
common, and diocese of Elphin. The old 
church of this parish, which (as its name 
imports) was dedicated to St. Bridget, lies 


Comharba of Cluain Fearta 1 , the Comharba of Cill Mian 3 , the Comh- 
arba of Cill Tulach b , the Comharba of Cill Cumadan c , the Comh- 
arba of Camach Brighdi d , where the people of Hy-Many are baptized, 
the Comharba of Cluain Tuaiscirt of the Shannon 6 , in whom it is 
hereditary to inaugurate the chiefs of the race of Cellach f ; and the 
Comharba of Cluain Cain Cairill g . 

St. Bridget has the baptism 11 of the race of Maine, and although the 
baptism may not be brought thither, [i.e. to her cAwrcA],her comharba 
has the power of collecting the baptismal penny from these tribes ; 
and it [the money thus obtained] is divided into three parts, of which 
one-third part is given to herself, [i. e. to her Comharba], one-third to 

Druim Drestan 1 , and one-third to Cluain Emhain j . 


ciscan friars, about the year 1435, by 
Thomas O'Kelly, bishop of Clonfert, at 
the request of David Mulkerril, the Com- 
harba of St. Cairell Archdall's Monasticon. 

h St. Bridget has the baptism, fyc., that 
is, the Comharba of St. Bridget, who re- 
sided at Camina, had the privilege of bap- 
tizing all the Hy-Manians ; and should 
any of them, who lived too far from this 
church, not wish to bring their children 
thither, they were nevertheless obliged to 
pay the baptismal penny to the Comharba 
of the church. 

' Druim Drestan, now the parish of 
Drum, in the barony of Athlone, and 
county of Eoscommon, The old church 
of this parish was also dedicated to St. 

J Cluain Emhain. This place, which 
is mentioned in the Annals of the Four 
Masters, at the year 1162, still retains 
its ancient name, but somewhat disguised 

about eight miles west north west from 
the town of Athlone. See Map. 

e Cluain Tuaiscirt of the Shannon, now 
Clontuskert, a parish partly in the barony 
of Longford, but chiefly in the barony of 
Clonmacnowen, in the county of Galway, 
and diocese of Clonfert. The ruins of an 
abbey of considerable extent, said to have 
been erected by O'Kelly, are to be seen in 
this parish See Note l , p. 74. 

f To inaugurate the chiefs of the race of 
Cettach. The Rev. P. Mac Loughlin ren- 
ders this phrase correctly enough, " where 
the O'Kellys are inaugurated." 

8 Cluain Cain Cairitt, now the parish 
of Clonkeen, or Clonkeen-Kerril, in the 
barony of Tiaquin, county of Galway, and 
diocese of Clonfert. The old church of 
this parish, which was originally founded 
by St. Cairell, who flourished in the pri- 
mitive ages of the Irish church, was re- 
built, and formed into an abbey for Fran- 


Qn pspeaball on^ra o gac TTIair.eac t>o Cpomcap Qeo Qnm- 

CfolucaD pil Caipppi Cpuim t>o Chluain mic Noip, ocup t>o 
Chiapan ; Q cam t>o Chiapan 'na (no t>'a) cenn pin. Seacc m-baili 
o'peapanO c-paep a n-lb TTlaine 0151. 

Sgpeball caecpec uaca t>o ^pellan, et)ip mnai ocup pip, o h-pil 

Q ceannup caca a^ ^pellan, .1. an bacall ^peallain, no a 
h-mnpamail, a m-bpacaig pi^ O TTlaine. 


under the anglicised form of Cloonowen ; 
it is the name of an old church and half 
parish situated in the parish of St. Peter, 
lying along the Shannon, a short distance 
to the south-east of the town of Athlone, 
in the county of Roscommon. 

k Cromthar Aedk, i. e. prcesbyter Aedus 
The Irish word Cromthar, which is more 
frequently written Cruimther, is cognate 
with the Welsh prempter, and are both 

corruptions of the Latin prcesbyter See 

Colgan's Acta SS. p. 140, n. 5, and Cor- 
mac's Glossary in voce Cjiuimcep. The 
Editor has not been able to discover any 
church in the territory of Sil- Anmchadha 
that was dedicated to this saint, nor any 
tradition of such. 

1 Sgreaball ongtha, i. e. the anointing 
Screbatt, or scruple, which is said to have 
been of the value of three old Irish pen- 
nies, was to be paid to the Comharba of 
Cromthar Aedh for every Hy-Manian that 
was anointed or prepared for death during 
illness. And we may suppose that this 
tribute was paid whether the ceremony of 

extreme unction was or was not adminis- 
tered by this saint's Comharba himself. It 
appears from a tract in the Book of Bal- 
lymote, fol. 181, b, b, that a sgreaball of 
silver was of the weight of twenty-four 
grains of wheat which grew in prime land. 
It is clearly a corruption of the Latin 
scriptulum, which contained twenty lentes. 

m The race of Cairpri Crom, fyc. The 
Rev. P. Mac Loughlin renders this sen- 
tence as follows, which is not strictly lite- 
ral : " The O'Kellys were to be buried 
at Clonmacnoise, under the protection of 
St. Ciaran." 

The race of Cairpre Crom comprised 
more than the O'Kellys. Vide supra, 
p. 15, Note a , and Note A, at the end of 
this tract. 

n /Seventeen townlands, fyc The names 

of many of these townlands are specified 
in the Registry of Clonmacnoise, translated 
for Sir James Ware, by the celebrated 
Irish Antiquary Duald Mac Firbis, and 
now preserved in the British Museum, 
No. LI. of the Clarendon Collection. This 

Cromthar Aedh k of Sil Anmchadha, has a sgreaball ongtha 1 from 
every Hy-Manian. 

The burial of the race of Cairpri Crom m belongs to Clonmacnoise 
and St. Ciaran, for which a tribute is paid to St. Ciaran; he has 
seventeen townlands of free land in Hy-Many". 

The race of Maine, both women and men, pay a sgreaball caeth- 
rach to St. Grellan. 

St. Grellan presides over their battles, i. e. the crozier of St. 
Grellan p , or some such, is borne in the standard of the king of Hy- 


MS. is quoted by Crofton Croker, in his 
Researches in the South of Ireland, pp. 
242, 246, but he refers these passages to 
Cloyne, in the county of Cork, instead of 
Clonmacnoise, though the name of St. 
Kyran, which is mentioned so often as 
that of the patron of the place, ought to 
have convinced him that Cloyne, in Cork, 
could not have been meant. The Cross of 
Cairpri Crom is still shown near the old 
church of Cloonburren ; and there are many 
romantic stories still told of the cause for 
which Cairbre Crom, prince of Hy-Many, 
granted these seventeen townlands to the 
Abbey of Clonmacnoise; they are too long, 
however, to be more fully noticed in this 

Sgreaball caethracJt, Sjpeaball, which 
literally means a scriptvlum or scruple, 
and was valued at three-pence, is some- 
times indefinitely used to denote any tri- 
bute. Here Sgreaball caethrach signifies 
ovine tribute, or tribute in sheep. It is 
stated in the Irish life of St. Grellan that 


he received the firstling hog, and lamb, and 
foal, in Hy-Many, and the same is stated 
by Dr. John Lynch, in his Cambrensis Ever- 
sus, p. 1 86: "E singulis Manachiae domi- 
bus patroni sui S. Grillani successoribus 
tres denarii quotannis, primus porculus, 
primus agnus, et primus equinus, defere- 

p The crozier of St. Grellan [See pp. 

13, 14, supra]. This crozier was pre- 
served for ages in the family of O'Cron- 
ghaile, or Cronelly, who were the an- 
cient Comharbas of the saint. It was in 
existence so late as the year 1836, it being 
then in the possession of a poor man 
named John Cronelly, the senior repre- 
sentative of the Comharbas of the saint, 
who lived near Ahascra, in the east of the 
county of Galway ; but it is not to be 
found now in that country. It was pro- 
bably sold to some collector of antiqui- 
ties, and is not now known. A relic of 
this kind, when used as a standard, was 
usually called cathack, (i. e. proeliator,) such 


Seacc m-bpuic 6'n banpi^am t>o Caipig Deapscm caca bliaDna, 
ocup pin^inn o gach 1115111 TTIainij;, pe coip cana Ciapam. 

Cac cip t>o bo tnial t>o na cineat>aib pi Do rabaipc t>o pat)pai, 
apa beiu o 'filun paopai^ co ^aipi Uaip, 05 Caipill, ocup apm 
paip co Sinamo 0x5 ^peallan ocup 05 pabpai^. 

Deap-uhuara O' HI dine pe pop^nam, .1. Oealbna o Qch Ciac 
co Succa, map a m-bpuccann ap a cobap ag Sliab popmaili. 
Cacpaig Suca, o Uhuaim Cacpaig uaccapac co popcaib 

as the celebrated cathach of St. Columb- 
kille, described by Sir William Betham, 

in his Antiquarian Researches See, also, 

Colgan, Trias Thaum. p. 409, col. 2 : " Et 
Cathach, id estprceliator, vulgo appellatur, 
fertque traditio quod si circa illius exer- 
citum, antequam hostem adoriantur tertio 
cum debita reverentia circumducatur, 
eveniat ut victoriam reportet." This 
Cathach was taken from O'Donnell in the 
battle of Bealach buidhe, in 1497, by Mac 
Dermot, but he recovered it in the year 

We learn from the Book of Fenagh 
that St. Caillin blessed, for his own tribe, 
the Conmaicne, a Cathach, which was a 
cross formed of a hazle sapling that had 
been cut with one blow, and its top 
piercing its middle. Ro opoaij em 
Caillin Cachach uaoa pem oo Con- 
maicnib, oo bpipeo pompa, .1. cpop cuill 
DO geappao o'aen-b'uille, ocup a bapp 
cpia 'n-a bolgan, i.e. "St. Caillin or- 
dered a Cathach, i. e. a standard, from 
himself, for the Conmaicne, viz., a cross 


Irish history sufficiently prove the mean- 
ing of the word Cathach. But Sir William 
Betham imagines it to be a corruption of 
cap, a case, a word which in that sense 
would not be Irish at all. 

q CairechDergain A celebrated virgin, 

patroness of Cloonburren, in the south of 
the barony of Moycarnan, county Roscom- 
mon, on the west of the Shannon, opposite 
St. Ciaran's monastery of Clonmacnoise. 
She died A. D. 577, 9th Feb. according to 
the Four Masters (in an.). Apart of her 
church, which is of the primitive ages of 
Christianity in Ireland, still remains, and it 
is said that there were some ancient inscrip- 
tions in the churchyard, but the Editor 
searched for them in vain, in the year 1836. 

r Glun-Phadruig, i. e. Patrick's knee, 
now Gloonpatrick, in the parish of Ath- 
league, barony of Athlone, and county of 
Roscommon. The place derived this name 
from a stone exhibiting the supposed im- 
pression of St. Patrick's knee. 

s Glaisi Uair, i. e. cold stream. It is 
now called the Abhainn Uar, or Abhainn 

of hazle cut with one blow, its top pierc- fhuar (i. e. cold river), and flows through 
ing its middle." These evidences from the barony of Roscommon, not far to the 

Seven garments are given by the queen to St. Cairech Dergain q 
yearly, and a penny by every Hy-Manian daughter along with the 
tribute of St. Ciaran. 

Every tribute which these tribes were bound to give to St. Patrick 
in the district which extends from Glun-Phadruig r to Glaisi Uair s , 
now belongs to St. Cairell ; and thence eastwards to the Sinainn', 
belongs to St. Grellan and St. Patrick. 

The enslaved tribes" of Hy-Many for servitude are these, viz. the 
Dealbhna v from Ath liag w , to where the River Suca [Suck] springs 
from the well in Sliabh Formaili*. The Cathraigh of the Suca 


generally called Dealbhna Nuadhat, and 
were seated in the present county of Eos- 
common, between the Elvers Suck and 
Shannon See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, Part 
IIL c. 82, and Annals of the Four Mas- 
ters, at the year 8 1 6. 

w Ath Hag. This was the ancient name 
of the ford on the Shannon, over which 
the bridge of Lanesborough now stands, 
and the western or Connaught portion of 
the village of Lanesborough, still retains 
the name. There is another Ath Hag on 
the Eiver Suck, which is to be distinguised 
from that here referred to ; the former 
was called anciently Ath Hag bhfinn, i. e. 
the ford of the white stones, and the latter 

south of the town of Elphin. The situ- 
ation of this river shows that the territory 
of Hy-Many originally comprised a con- 
siderable portion of the district which, 
in later times, belonged to the Sil-Muir- 
eadhaigh, or the O'Conors and their cor- 

1 The Sinainn, now the Eiver Shannon, 
which formed the eastern boundary of Hy- 
Many, from Clontuskert, near Lanesbo- 
rough, to Loch Deirgdherc, now Lough 
Derg, below Portumna See the boun- 
daries of Hy-Many in the Preface. 

u The enslaved tribes, <^c. The Eev. 
Patrick Mac Loughlin translates octep 
ructcct ne pojnarh, by "the unfree states 
of Imaine." 

y Dealbhna. There were seven tribes 
of this name seated in different parts of 
Ireland. They were of the Dalcassian 
race, and derived their patronymic name 
of Dealbhna, from their progenitor, Lugh- 
aidh Dealbh-aedh, the third son of Cas. 
The tribe alluded to in the text were 

Ath Hag Maenacain, i. e. the stony-ford 
of St. Maenacan, from the patron saint of 
the place ; Ath liag bhfinn is now anglicised 
Ballyleague, i. e. the village of Ath-liag, 
and the other is called simply Athleague. 

x Sliabh Formaili, is now always called 
Sliabh UiFkloinn, Le. O'Flyn's mountain, 
from its situation in Sil Mailruain, 

Da cac raib Do'n e-Suca ; ocup Copco TTlonco, ocup Dal n-Opuirm, 
ocup pip TTIuigi Sein-chineol, no cop pui^igiD paep-clanDa ina 
n-inaDaib D'a n-eipi ; ocup TTluincip TTlilcon ; ocup Do peDpaiDip 
aipD-piga O'TTlaine meaDu^aD cfpa ap na clann-maicnib pin; muin- 
cip i TTIailpinnain cpe na n-Deopaigecc ; ocup acaiD bailci nap 


O'Flyn's country. It is situated in the 
parish of Kiltullagh and Kilkeevin, in the 
barony lately styled Frenchpark, in the 
county of Eoscommon. The Eiver Suck 
has its source which was anciently called 
Bun Suicin in this mountainous district, 
on the confines of the counties of Mayo 
and Eoscommon, and about a mile from 
the village of Ballinlough ; its head, at 
present, however, is not a well but a 
moist spot at the foot of a low ridge, 
called Eiscir Ui Mhaonagain, which tra- 
dition states was originally a spring. The 
Eiver Suck rises from the hill of Eiscir 
Ui Mhaonagain, in the townland of Cul- 
fearna, parish of Annagh, barony of Cos- 
tello, and county of Mayo. It cannot now, 
properly speaking, be said to issue from 
a mountain or a well, for its source, 
as now pointed out, is a small pool of 
dirty mountain waters, lying at the west 
side of a low Esker or ridge. It oozes 
through the Esker, and appears at the 

east side of it, not as a well, but in scat- 
tered tricklings of bog water. From the 
east side of the Esker onwards, a small 
mountain stream, called the Suck, runs 
eastwards into Loch Ui Fhloinn, at Ballin- 
lough : hence it winds its way in an east- 
ern direction, and passes under the bridge 

of Castlereagh, where it turns southwards, 
and passes through Ballymoe, Dunamon, 
Athleague, Mount Talbot, Bellaforin, and 
Ballinasloe, and pays its tribute to the 
Shannon near the village of Shannon 
Bridge. It flows through a very level 
country, and is remarkable for its sinuo- 
sity and floods. 

The course of this river is very well 
described in a poem on the Shannon, writ- 
ten in Irish, by Mr. Michael Brannon, of 
Lisgobban, in the year 1 794. 

y Tuaim Cathraigh. The name of this 
place is now forgotten, but it was well 
known in Hy-Many in the reign of James 
the First, for it appears from an inqui- 
sition taken at Kilconnell on the 24th of 
August, 1617, that Tomcatry, containing 
four cartrons of land, and situated in the 
barony of Clanmacnowen, was then in the 

possession of Donnell O'CofFey Vide 

supra, p. 39, Note u . 

z Porta Fidigi. This name is now un- 

a Corco Moncko Perhaps this is the 

tribe who gave name to the territory of 
Corca-Mogha, which is still the local ap- 
pellation of a district comprising the parish 
of Kilkerrin, in the barony of Killian, in 
the N. E. of county of Gal way. 

extending from Upper Tuaim Cathraigh y to Porta Fidigi z , on both 
sides of the Suca ; also the Corco Moncho a and Dal n-Druithni b , 
and the men of Magh Sen-chineoil c , until noble tribes were planted 
in their places after them d ; and also Muinter Milcon 6 . And the 
arch-chiefs of Hy-Many had the power to increase the rents on 
those tribes ad libitum. Also the family of the O'Mailfinnains f , 

b Daln-Druithni The exact locality of 
this tribe cannot now be determined. It 
is stated in the Irish life of St. Grellan 
that this tribe paid him no tribute or 
impost of any description Vide supra, 


Magh Sen-chineoil, i. e. the plain of the 

old tribe O'Flaherty, in Ogygia, Part III. 
c. 1 1, p. 176, speaking of the different places 
where the Firbolgs settled in the west of 
Ireland, has the following words in refe- 
rence to this district: " Denique Moy- 
sachnoliam" \_recte Moy-Senchinoliam] 
"hodie Hymaniam in agro Galviensi post 
S. Patricii adventum insederunt; atque 
ibidem O'Layn, et in agro Sligoensi O'Beu- 
nachan ad nostra usque tempora non sper- 
nendi latifundii dominus, ab iis originem 
derivantes restant families." 

The Rev. P. Mac Loughlin translates 
Sen-chineoil " old inhabitants," and the 
inhabitants were doubtlessly so called be- 
cause they were the old Firbolgic posses- 
sors of the district, who were conquered 
and enslaved by the race of Maine. 

d Until noble tribes, fyc The Rev. P. 

Mac Loughlin renders this passage " until 
free states came in their places." 

e Muinter Milcon, now unknown. 


f ' Mailfinnains, would be now called 
Mulfinnans. These were originally a 
noble Scotic or Milesian family, who 
were banished from their own territory, 
and were obliged to settle in Hy-Many, 
as serfs to the O' Kelly. The celebrated 
antiquary Duald Mac Firbis, in his inte- 
resting preface to his smaller genealo- 
gical work, compiled in 1 666, gives us the 
following account of the six classes of 
plebeian families in ancient Ireland : 
" i. The remnant of the Firbolgs and 
Tuatha De Dananns. 2. The descendants 
of the Scotic or Milesian nobility, who 
left their own territories, and were obliged 
to enslave themselves under other tribes. 
3. Those tribes whose lands were convert- 
ed into sword-lands, or who were enslaved 
by enemies. 4. Descendants of the Mile- 
sian nobility who lost their dignity and 
lands for their crimes, according to the law. 
5. Those who are descended from common 
soldiers and foreigners. 6. The descen- 
dants of the slaves who came with the 
sons of Milesius into Ireland, and who 
were never able to get beyond their cast." 

"It is true," he adds, "that there are 
many of the descendants of these tribes 
till this very day in Ireland, but their 


aipmimap D'pepaib bole ip na cpicaib pin pe pojnam Do na 
plaiehib, ocup pa luce ppeapoail ocup pip Ducaip Do pi^aib 
O'TTIaine. CaOanai^ na peaD co n-a pineaoaib, ocup lappma 
peap m-bol^ aep peDma Ducupa O'TTIaine. 

Qn mapapjalacc pluai^ D' O'Conaill ocup t>o TTIac GiDijam. 
Qn caipi^ecc pcuip a^ h-lb piacpac Pino, ocnp ag pil Sogain. 

CHID h-1 Cheallaig Do Doipppeopacr pig Connacc D' Ib piac- 
pac pinD. 

Uaipigecr altaiD h-1 Concobaip a h-ucc h-1 Chellai5 05 Oail 

RoinD an aipD-pi^ can uipeapbaiD ag Ua Upain Cluana Ruip. 


pedigrees are unknown. There are also 
many families of the purest Milesian blood, 
whose pedigrees have become unknown in 
consequence of their having become poor 
and indigent, and not having been able to 
support poets or historians to preserve 
their genealogies and history. Some of 
them sunk under the English five hundred 
years ago." MS. in the Marquis of Dro- 
gheda's Library. 

8 There are also, fyc The Eev. P. Mac 

Loughlin gives the following condensed 
translation of this passage : " That is to 
say, that all these different people, some 
of whom are of the Firbolgs, were obliged 
to labour and toil in the service of O'Kelly 
and his chiefs." 

h Feadha This territory is situated in 
the barony of Athlone, and comprises the 
entire of the parish of Drum and parts of 
the adjoining ones. When O'Naghten 
was driven out of his original territory 
of Moenmoy, during the contests between 

Conor Moenmoy O'Conor and the O'Kellys, 
he settled here. It appears by an inqui- 
sition taken at Roscommon 26th October, 
1587, that in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
Shane O'Naghten was chief of this terri- 
tory, which is called "les Ffayes de Ath- 
lone," and head or captain of his own 
tribe " nationis suce principalis" 

' O'Conaill, anglice O'Connell. 

j Mac Eidhigan, anglice Mac Egan, and 
now always written Egan, without the 

Mac Vide supra, p. 31, Note , and 

Additional Notes E, at the end of this 

k Marshalship of the forces, fyc. The 
word mapapcalacc is evidently formed 
from Marescalcus, a word of Teutonic ori- 
gin (from the German MARACH, a horse, 
and SCALCH, potens, magister). See Du 
Cange, Glossar. in voce. The use of it 
here in its larger and more modern sense, 
may perhaps indicate the twelfth or thir- 
teenth century as the date of this Tract. 

on account of their exile. There are also 5 townlands which we have 
not mentioned of the Firbolgs in those districts who are bound to serve 
the chiefs, and who are serfs and hereditary followers of the kings of 
Hy-Maine. The Cadanachs of the Feadha h , with their tribes, and the 
remnants of the Fir Bolgs, are the hereditary servitors of Hy-Maine. 

O'ConailP and Mac Eidhigan j have the marshalship of the forces", 
and the Hy-Fiachrach Finn 1 and the race of Soghan m have the office 
o/* taisigheacht scuir n . 

O'Kelly's part of the office of door-keeper to the king of Con- 
naught belongs to the Hy-Fiachrach Finn. 

The taisigheacht allaidh of 0' Conor \kingofConnaughf] belongs 
to the Dail Druithni p , at the recommendation of O'Kelly. 

The office of distributor \butler~\ to the arch-chief, without limi- 
tation, belongs to O'h-Uroin q , of Cluain Ruis r . 


1 Hy-Fiachrach Finn, i. e. the O'Nagh- 
tens and the O'Mullallys, or Lallys. They 
descend from Fiachra Finn, son of Bresal, 

son of Maine Mor Vide supra, p. 33, 

Notes a and b , and additional Notes A. 

m Race of ISoghan These were the 

O'Mannins, Mac Wards, and O'Dugans 
Vide supra, Note d , p. 72. 

n Taisigheacht scuir, evidently means the 
chieftainship or chief command of the 
horse. The Irish word f cop, which makes 
pcuip in the genitive case, is used in the 
best Irish MSS. in the sense of " a stud of 
horses," as in the following example from 
the Book of Leinster : Mo bacap a n-eic 
i n-oen pcop, in aioce pin, ocup a n-ap- 
aio ac oen cenio, fol. 58, b, b, " Their 
steeds were in one stud, and their chariot- 
eers at one fire." 

Taisigheacht attaidh The meaning of 
this phrase is not clear, and as no second 
copy of the original is accessible to the 
translator, he does not wish to indulge in 
conjectures; atcnoe or ealaoais explained 
in the Dictionaries as an art or trade. In 
the mediaeval Latin, allutarius meant a shoe- 
maker, but it would be unsafe to suppose 
that this word is cognate with the Irish 
ctlcnoe, which signifies any art or trade. 
vDailDruithni. Videsupra, Note b ,p.85- 
q O'h- Uroin, now Horan. In the reign 
of James I. different persons of this name 
were possessed of considerable property in 
the county of Galway. An inquisition, 
in the Rolls' Office, Dublin, taken at Kil- 
connell, on the 26th September, 1617, 
before Sir Charles Coote, found that Ed- 
mond O'Horan was seised of fee of Car- 

Q raipijecc corn-oil a^ 1b Comain. 

Gn-cul coimet) a^ Clann Inbpeceaig ocup aj pi m-bpain ocup 
Gililla co n-a n-aicmet>aib. 

Qn caipi^eacc eallaig co n-a cojinaib ocup co n-a pircellaib, 
ocup co n-a pailgib, co n-a h-6p ocup co n-a h-aip^et) ag Clannaib 

Ma h-aipm ocup na h-emig 05 Clannaib bpepail, ocup ip leo 
coiecent) t>o ppe^pa ra P cent) O'TTlame, pe cac coiccpic 

Ui^epnup caca fcpoin^i biap 05 entail eapononach h-Ua TTlaine 
t)o pil Cpimchain Gail, .1. Do Cjiumcann, ocnp t>o Clann 
ocup ap leo comup na car t>o conu^uo, ocup t>ul a n-inat> 
ip animjieapain. Ip a ciinceall Sho^ain cimpaigit) cac uili co 
h-mijieapain, uaip ip iat) ap cojip laraip cara t>o cac. 

l?e h-Qep m-bpen^aip paccup an aipD-pig, ocup le h-Qib 

Dpai^nen QipD na cno coip na clann-maicne. 


rowanmeanagh one cartron and a half ; 
that Rory O'Horan was seised of fee of 
Carownafinoigga, Koil M 'Shane, Carow- 
more-Derihoran, Camus, Tullagh, Lismoy- 
fadda, Gortskehy, and of Carowanclogha, 
containing half a quarter of land, on which 
stood a castle. The same inquisition found 
the O'Horans seised in fee of parcels of the 
following townlands, viz __ Moyowre, Der- 
risweny, Carowmore, Derrihoran, Mea- 
hanaghboy, and Ballinekille. 

r Cluain Ruis, now Clonrush, a parish 
in the barony of Leitrim and county of 
Galway, on the confines of the county of 
Clare See Map. 

*0'Lomain Vide supra, pp. 34, 35, 
Note c . See also Genealogical Book of 

Duald Mac Firbis, p. 327. 

r Cul-choimed, i. e. the office or dignity 
of being henchman to the prince of Hy- 
Many in battle. 

u Clann Indrechtaigh. They were the 
descendants of Inrechtach, son of Dlu- 
thach See p. 31, Note v . 

v Races of Bran and Ailill. These can- 
not be easily identified with the pedigrees. 

w Taisighecht EaUaigh Eattach, which 
makes eallaigh in the genitive case, means 
cattle. Taisighececht eallaigh is, therefore, 
perhaps the office of chief shepherd. 

x Clann Flaitheamhla. The chief of this 
tribe took the name of O'Donnell, after 
the establishment of surnames. It is re- 
corded in the Annals of the Four Masters, 

The superintendence of his banquets belongs to O'Lomain*. 

The office of Cul-choimed 1 belongs to the Clann Indrechtaigh", 
and to the races of Bran and Ailiir with their adherents. 

The taisighecht eallaigh w , together with the keeping of the cups, 
chess-boards, rings, gold and silver, belongs to the Clann-Flaith- 

The arms and the dresses are with the Clann BresaiF, and it is 
theirs to respond for Hy-Maine to every general challenge of combat 
from strange territories. 

The headship of every people who revenge the insults of Hy-Maine 
belongs to the race of Crimthann Gael, i. e. to the Crumthanns and 
the Clann Aedhagain z , and theirs is the privilege to array the batta- 
lions and go in the place of the arch-chief in the conflict. It is around 
the Soghans all assemble to the conflict, for they are the body 
[i. e. phalanx] of every battle-field to all. 

To the Aes Brengair a belongs the stewardship 6 of the arch-chief, 
and it is the office of the Hy-Draighnen c of Ard na cno d to distribute 

justice to the tribes. 


at the year 1158, that Sitric, the son of niorumsator, quilmaniam in Austral! Con- 

Gilla-Enain O'Donnell, chief of Clann nactia, et agro Galviensi acquisivit ; quam 

Flaitheamhaih, was slain by Murchadh, posteri late dilatarunt, et ultra Succum 

the grandson of Taddy O'Kelly Seep. 3 1, fluvium ad Sinanmun per agrum Roscom- 

supra. manium porrexerunt. Manii filius Bres- 

y Clann Bresail, i. e. the O'Donnel- salius quinque natos generavit Fiachrium 

lans Vide supra, p. 33, Note y . Fionn, ex quo O'Naghten, Dallanum, Co- 

2 Clann Aedhagain, i. e. the Mac Egans. nallum, Crimthannum, et Manium, a quo 

a Aes Brengair, i. e. the inhabitants of Hy-Maine Brengar." 

Magh Brengair. See p. 25, supra, and b Stewardship, pacrup; from peccaipe, 

O'Flaherty's Ogygia, Part III. c. 76, p. 366, a steward or chief manager, 
where the following reference is made to c Hy-Draighnen. For the descent of 

the descent of this tribe : "Donaldum this family vide supra, p. 38, and Note '. 
filium Imchadi avum praefert Manius Mag- d Ard na cno, or as it would be written 

nus, patre Achaio Ferdaghiall ortus, Ima- according to the modern orthography, Ard 


9 o 

Na conapca 05 Cpumcann. Cuit> h-Ui Ceallaig t>o conapcaib 
h-Ui Concobaip 05 Ib Ueimnem TTluilint) 5^ ai r nl - ^ lapann pop 
Gib Uuauai^ GacDpoma, ocup pop Gib baet>ain bat>na. 

Ooipppeopacc an aipo-pig ag Clannaib Infcpecuaig ocup ip le 
li-Gib bpain a bunat>up. 

G pi^ao ocup a aiu-pi^aD a h-ucc h-Ua TTlaine a^ Clannaib 
Oiapmaoa, ocup 05 Ib Copmaic maenTnuip, ocup ag mumcip 
TTliri^en .1. ocup comapbat) Chluana Uuaipcipr. 

G raipi^ecc pcuip ag So^an. Le Cenel GeDa oilemain a each. 
Ce t>eipcepc Gcc^i oilemain a con. Le Oail n-Opuicne imapcup 
a pina o calaoaib an lapraip co h-ipba^aib an aipD-pi^. Le h-Gib 
Oocomlain oenam a popgneama, icep ci^ib ocup caeb-comac, a 
rpi h-ipoajaib uaccapaca an aipD-pi^. Le bolg-ruaraib ba^na 
t)enam a ipt>at> ip na popcaib iccapaca. Le epicaiD cet) an Cha- 
laio a maepai^ecc, eoip cip ocup cabac. 

G uagpa caua ap Cpumrann. G coint>obpain, ocup a mpcai- 


na g-cno, i. e. height or hill of the nuts. It times for a battle fought there between 
is the name of a townland in the parish of the forces of King William III. and James 
Killinny, in the barony of Killartan, but II., on the I2th of July, 1691. 
there is no townland of the name at pre- h Badhna, also written Baghna, a dis- 
sent within the limits of the ancient Hy- trict in the east of the county of Roscom- 
Many. mon, nearly co-extensive with the barony 

e Muilenn Glaisni, i. e. the Mill of of Ballintober, north. The celebrated 
Glaisni, a man's name. The name is now mountain called Sliabh Badhna, or Sliabh 
unknown in Hy-Many, as is that of the Baghna, now Anglicised Slieve Baun, ex- 
family who resided at the place. tends through it from north to south, 

f Hy-Tuathaigh^ now anglice Toohey. nearly parallel with the Eiver Shannon. 

8 Echdhruim, which is explained by Col- The Firbolgs were never driven out of 

gan equi mons vel collis, is now Anglicised this territory, and the chief portion of the 

Aughrim. It is the name of a village and inhabitants at present are characteristically 

parish in the barony of Clonmacnow, in distinguished from the Milesian race by 

the county of Galway, celebrated in latter their jet black hair and small stature. 

9 1 

The hounds are with the Crumhthanns \_Cruffons\. O'Kelly's 
part of 0' Conor's hounds are with the Hy-Teimnein of Muilenn 
Glaisni 6 . His iron is with the Hy-Tuathaigh f , of Echdhruim s , and 
the Hy-Baedain, of Badhna h . 

The office of door-keeper to the arch-chief belongs to the Clann 
Indreachtaigh ; the Hy-Brain had it at first. 

The inauguration and dethroning of the arch-chief 'at the instance 
of the Hy-Maine, belong to the Clann Diarmada, to the Hy-Cormaic 
of Maenmagh, and to the family of Mithighen', Comharbas of Cluain 

The Soghans have taisigheach scuir [i. e. superintendence of the 
horse]. The Cinel-Aedha J have the rearing of his horses. The in- 
habitants of the southern part of Echtghe k have the rearing of his 
hounds. The Dal Druithne have the carrying of the wine from the 
harbours of the west of Connaught to the seats of the arch-chief. 
The Hy-Docomhlann 1 have the erection of the edifices, both houses 
and out-houses, at the three upper habitations of the arch-chief. The 
Bolgic tribes of Badhna [Slieve Bauri] have the building of his 
edifices at the lower seats. The Cantred of Caladh have his stew- 
ardship both of rent and exactions. 

The Crumhthanns have the proclamation of his battles. The 


The Editor made careful search for the mountainous district in the south-east of 

name O'Baedain in the mountainous dis- the county of Galway, on the confines of 

trict of Slieve Badhna, in the year 1837, the county of Clare. It is now generally 

but could not find it. In other parts of called Slieve Aughty, but corrupted to 

Ireland it is anglicised Boyton. Slieve Baughta on Beaufort's Ecclesiasti- 

5 Mithighen, now Meehin. cal Map of Ireland. 

j Cinel Aedha Vide supra, p. 38, l Hy-Docomhlann This name is now 

Note B . unknown, unless it may have been short- 

k Echtghe, is the name of a celebrated ened to Dolan. 


peer Do'n caib cuam Do phi o TTlonac. biaeaD a spaiDi ocup a comeD 
ap bols-cuach 66^51. 5 ac Illl] P ai T 1 P^F a lea F OCU P ciDlaicpip 
beop a gabail o Carpai^i, ace na cupcep ap a cigepnup iaD. 

Q cpo caua, ocup caipipi a eaipceDa ocup coimeao a giall ip 
in bpecaig. 

Cl cpuici]ie6a, .1. h-Ui Consayi^ain o baile na banabai, ocup a 
copnaijieaoa o Cif na cojinaijie^a, .1. h-Ui Sfoachain. 

Q congrhail 'na inao pi^, ocuf a comaipci pop pi Caipil, uaip 
ip i pldnaijecr pij Caipil congbnp pi h-Ua TTIaine 6 Shil TTluipea- 
0015. Conao aipi pin ip geip Do pi h-Ua TTIaine po^pa caca ap 

Uuapupcal pij Connacc pe corhaiperh Do pi h-Ua TTIaine (uaip 
ip be^ cem o'a chip ap cortiabaib), amail a6 pubpab ann po : 
Dli^it) pi h-Ua TTIaine, an mat, 
Oech n-eic rap paeb ppocaib pal, 
Oech n-^oili pe gnirh pep^i 05 puin, 
Dech meip^i ocup .x. macail. 

m Fidh Monach was the ancient name of and now always Keogh's country -- See 

a district nearly co-extensive with the Map. 

parish of Kilbride, in the barony of Bal- p (PLongargain, now Anglicised Loner- 

lintober, south, in the county of Eoscom- gan. . 

mon See Mac JFirbis's Pedigree of the q Baile na Banabai, retains its name 

Clann Uadhach. at the present day, and is now Ballyna- 

. n Cathraighi These were a tribe of the banaby ; it is a townland in the parish of 

Firbolgs, located in the present barony of Kilgerril, barony of Kilconnel, and county 

Clanmacnowen, near the River Suck, who of Gal way. In 1617 this townland was 

were reduced to a state of slavery by the in the possession of William Lally, gen- 

Hy-Manians. tleman. 

Bredach, otherwise called Magh-finn, r Lis na Cornaireagha, is now unknown. 


inhabitants of the northern part of Fidh-Monach m have his otters and 
fishing. The Bolgic tribe of Echtghe [Slieve Aughty] have the 
feeding and keeping of his stud. Every work he requires or commits 
to them is to be executed by the Cathraighi a , so as that they are not 
deprived of their lordship. 

His implements of battle, the keeping of his treasures, and the 
keeping of his hostages, are in Bredach . 

His harpers are the 0'Longargains p , of Baile na Banabai q , and 
his cornairedha [trumpeter s~\ are the family of. Lis na Cornaireagha r , 
that is, the O'Sidheachains 8 . 

He is to be maintained in his kingly place and protected by the 
king of Cashel, for it is the guarantee of the king of Cashel that 
keeps the king of Hy-Maine from being overwhelmed by the Sil- 
Muireadhaigh'. Wherefore the king of Hy-Maine is under a solemn 
injunction not to wage war on the Eoghanachts 11 . 

The subsidy of the king of Connaught to be reckoned out to 
the king of Hy-Maine, (and it is little of his tribute goes in gifts), 
is as follows here, as was said in these lines: 

" The king of Hy-Maine, the hero, is entitled 
To ten steeds, which came across the boisterous brine, 
To ten foreigners ready at deed of anger, 
Ten standards and ten mantles." Finit. 

s Sidheachains This name is now an- at the period when this tract was written, 

glicised Sheehan. O'Kelly should not be considered more 

1 Sil-Muireadhaigh, i. e. the O' Conors closely linked with his neighbours the Dal 

and their correlatives. Cais, than with the Eoghanachts, who were 

u Eoghanachts, i e. the descendants of far from his neighbourhood, being then 

Eoghan Mor, the eldest son of Olioll Olum. principally settled in the present counties 

Of this tribe the Mac Carthys, though not of Cork, Kerry, and Limerick. And yet, 

the senior descendants of Eoghan Mor, were the Dal Cais, that is, the O'Briens and 

in latter times by far the most powerful their correlatives, in Thomond, were as 

and distinguished. It is remarkable that, often kings of Cashel as the Eoghanachts. 




ius, of 
fas the 




THE large Genealogical Table, which accompanies these Notes, will be found to exhibit 
the descent of the principal families of Hy-many, from their great common an- 
cestor MAINE MOR, to the present day. It has been thought advisable to place them 
all in one view before the reader on a single sheet, to be afterwards referred to in the 
account which will be hereafter given of each separate branch. 

The remarks to be made in the present note relate entirely to the O'Kelly families, 
descended from CELLACH, chief of Hy-Many, and fourteenth in descent from Maine 
Mor. The numbers prefixed to each name refer to the generations as marked in the 
Genealogical Table, and are intended to facilitate reference. 

15. Cellach He is the progenitor after whom the O'Kellys have taken their 
surname, but no notice of him has been preserved by the Irish annalists, though, ac- 
cording to the poem already quoted in p. 1 6, he was chief of all Hy-Many for a period 
of eighteen years. But if we judge by the number of generations from Maine Mor down 
to this Cellach, we must conclude that he died about the year 874, for Cathal Mac 
Oiliolla, the celebrated chief of Hy-Many, who was thirteen generations from Maine 
Mor, that is, one generation less than Cellach, died in the year 844, according to the 
Annals of the Four Masters. It looks strange that in the poem just referred to, which 
professes to give a perfect list of the chieftains of Hy-Many, down to Gadhra Mor, who 
died in 1027, no mention is made of this Cathal, son of Oilioll, while the Annals pre- 
serve no notice of Cellach, but give two passages relating to Cathal, one of which shows 
his great power. They are given by the Four Masters as follows : 

" A. D. 834 Cathal, son of Ail ell, lord of Hy-Many, plundered Clonmacnoise, and 

in the same year defeated Feidhliin Mac Crimthainn, king of Munster. 

" A. D. 844 Cathal, son of Ailell, lord of Hy-Many, died." 


The Annals also preserve the name of another chief of Hy-Many, who immediately 
preceded Cathal, son of Oilioll, or Ailell, not given in the poem, or noticed in the ge- 
nealogies, namely, 13. Cathal, son of Murchadh; as in the following passage in the 
Annals of the Four Masters : 

"A. D. 8 1 6. The battle of Rath Faradh was fought by the chiefs of the Hy- 
Briuin, namely, Diarmaid, son of Tomaltach and Maelcothaigh, son of Fogartach, 
against the lord of Hy-Many, Cathal, son of Murchadh, in Dealbhna Nuadhat, a ter- 
ritory lying between the Suck and the Shannon, in which was slain Cathal, lord of Hy- 
Many, with many others." 

This shows that the poem, and even the pedigrees, are imperfect, as they stand at 
present ; and it is therefore to be regretted that the Editor has not had access to the 
Book of Hy-Many, in which most probably the pedigrees are more fully given. 

It is stated in the Registry of Clonmacnoise, as translated by Duald Mac Firbis for 
Sir James Ware, that this Cellach granted several townlands to the Church of Clon- 
macnoise. The words of this record are as follows : 

CRUIM, from whom are the O'Kellies, bestowed of small cells to Cluain, Killmeog, 48 
daies (that is to say, 48 dayes plowing, or as much as might be plowed of land for [in] 
48 dayes), Killchuynne 48 daies, 10 daies in Belathnaony, 48 daies in Coillin Maol- 
ruany, 48 daies in Tuaimtagher, 48 daies in Kill-luain, and 10 daies in Termon bela- 

1 6. Aedh, son of Cellach. No mention is made of him in the Irish Annals, and it 
does not appear that he was ever chief of Hy-Many. The following chiefs of Hy-Many 
are mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters, from the death of the celebrated 
Cathal, son of Oilioll, or Ailell, above referred to, down to the son of this Aedh : 
" A. D. 904 Mughron, son of Sochlachan, lord of Hy-Many, died. 
" A. D. 908. Sochlachan, son of Diarmaid, lord of Hy-Many, died in clericatu. 
" A. D. 936. Murchadhan, son of Sochlachan, lord of Hy-Many, died." 
These chieftains were not of the O'Kelly line, but of the tribe called Cruffons, 
who sunk at an early period. For their pedigree, see Genealogical Table, col. 3, 
Nos. 15 and 16. These chieftains are not mentioned in the poem, already quoted in 
pp. 15, 1 6, among the chiefs of Hy-Many, which shows that it is very imperfect. 

17. Murchadh, son of Aedk, son of Cellach He is the first that could have taken 
the name of O'Cellaigh, or O'Kelly, as being the (nepos, or grandson) of Cellach. 
He seems to have succeeded Murchadhan, the son of Sochlachan, in the chieftainship, 
for his death is recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters at the year 960 : 

" A. D. 


"A. D. 960 Murchadh, son of Aedh, lord of Hy-Many in Connaught, died." 
In the year 971, Geibhennach, son of Aedh, -who had been lord of Hy-Many since 

the death of his brother Murchadh in 960, was slain in the battle of Ceis Corann. 

These two chiefs are also omitted in the poem. 

1 8. Tadhg Mor O 1 Kelly, son of Murchadh. It is stated in the poem that he was 
chief of Hy-Many for thirteen years, when he fell in the battle of Clontarf, like a wolf- 
dog fighting the Danes. 

" Cpi bliaona oej 'na oiaio pin " Thirteen years after him 

T26mep Uaioj TTloip, mic TTIupcaio ; Was the reign of Tadhg Mor, the son of Mur- 
chadh ; 

Q car 6piam ac pocaip Caoj In the battle of Brian, Tadhg fell, 

'Na oncom a n-oiaio tkxnmapc." As a wolf-dog pursuing the Danes." 

There is a tradition among the O' Kelly s of Hy-Many, that they have borne as their 
crest an enfield, since the time of this Tadhg Mor, from a belief that this fabulous ani- 
mal issued from the sea at the battle of Clontarf, to protect the body of O'Kelly from 
the Danes, till rescued by his followers. It is also recorded in the Irish Annals, that 
this Tadhg or Teige O'Kelly was chief of Hy-Many in the year 1003, and was slain in 
the battle of Clontarf, fighting on the side of the monarch, Brian Borumha, A. D. 
1014, and for this reason he is usually set down in the pedigrees as TADHG CATHA 
BHRIAIN, i. e. Teige of the Battle of Brian. 

19. Conchobhar, or Conor O'Kelly, son of Tadhg Mor According to the poem, 
Gadhra Mor, son of Dunadhach, became chief of all Hy-Many, after the fall of Teige 
Mor O'Kelly in the battle of Clontarf, and ruled the territory for twelve years ; but 
the Annals of the Four Masters, which agree pretty fairly with the poem, inasmuch 
as they record the death of Gadhra at the year 1027, that is, thirteen years after 
the date of the battle of Clontarf, style him lord of Siol-Anmchadha, not of Hy-Many; 
and at the year 1019, they record the death of Domhnall, son of Muireadhach, lord of 
Hy-Many, a personage not found either in the poem or in the pedigrees. It appears 
pretty clearly from these discrepancies that the author of the poem, which was written 
to flatter the vanity of Eoghan O'Madden, chief of South Hy-Many, about the year 
1340, sets down some of his patron's ancestors as chiefs of all Hy-Many, who never en- 
joyed that dignity, and that he was obliged to omit some of those who were really su- 
preme chiefs of that territory, to give the colour of truth to his fabrications. According 
to the Annals of the Four Masters, this Conchobhar, the son of Tadhg O'Kelly, was 
chief of Hy-Many, and was slain by the men of Teffia in the year 1030. If, therefore, 
it be true that Gadhra Mor, son of Dunadhach, was chief of all Hy-Many for twelve 
years, Conchobhar, or Conor O'Kelly, could have been chief for three years only ; but 

02 if 


if Gadhra was not full chief, which seems very probable, it may be well supposed that 
Conor O' Kelly succeeded Domhnall, son of Muireadhach, in the year 1019, and was 
chief for eleven years ; but in a pedigree of Makeogh, or Keogh, in the Library of Tri- 
nity College, it is stated that this Conchobhar was chief O'Kelly for a period of eigh- 
teen years. His brother Diarmaid was slain in the year 1065, according to the Annals 
of the Four Masters. 

All the hitherto published pedigrees of O'Kelly are defective here by two genera- 
tions; for it is impossible that Conor O'Kelly (No. 23), who was slain in the year 1 180, 
could have been, as these pedigrees make him, the great grandson of Tadhg Mor O'Kelly, 
who was slain in the battle of Clontarf in the year 1014. I have accordingly supplied 
two generations from an ancient Irish poem, preserved in the handwriting of Tadhg 
O'Naghten, in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (H. i. 15.), p. 865, which was 
evidently composed in the time of Conchobhar O'Kelly (No. 26), chief of Hy-Many, 
who died in the year 1268. This poem, which is the oldest composition preserved on 
the subject of this pedigree, though the orthography has been modernised by tran- 
scribers, traces the descendants of Tadhg Mor O'Kelly, who was slain at the battle of 
Clontarf in 1014, as follows: 

" Dlctc o' Pionnacca Ceallac caom, 
If mac DO Cheallac GOD, 
TTlac DO Goo TTlupcao co meao n-jal, 
mac DO TTlupcao ^065 calcap. 
Gn Uao^ pm ^065 Caca 6hpia?n, 
t)a aicme aije 'na Diaio, 
Ui Cheallaij oon leir a leir 
Ip TTIejj Caioj oo'n eaob eile. 
mac DO Uhaoj Concubap Cap, 
Qc bar i TTIiDe mop-jlap, 
mac DO Choncubap jan ail 
Concubap paop, jlan, pooail. 
mac DO Choncubap ^abj cai, 
mac DO Uhaog tDiapmuic cen 501, 
mac DO tDhiapmaic, buan a blao, 
Concubap cuanna Capao. 
mac DO Choncubap Caoj cpen, 
mac DO Chaoj tDoihnall cen len, 
mac 05 t)omnall cap in leap 
Concubap ap g-ceann pnpeap." 

" Son of Fionnachta was Ceallach, the comely, 
And son to Ceallach was Aodh, 
Son to Aodh was Murchadh of great prowess, 
Son to Murchadh was Tadhg the sturdy, 
This Tadhg was Tadhg of the Battle of Brian, 
He left two tribes after him, 
The O'Kellys on the one side 
And the Mac Teiges on the other. 
Son to Tadhg was Conchubhar Cas, 
Who perished in the great green Meath, 
Son to Conchubhar without blemish 
Was Conchubhar the noble, pure, and jovial. 
Son to Conchubhar was Tadhg the silent, 
Son to Tadhg was Diarmaid without falsehood, 
Son to Diarmaid, lasting his fame, 
Was Conchubhar the comely of Caradh. 
Son to Conchubhar was Tadhg the mighty, 
Son to Tadhg was Domhnall without misery, 
Son to Domhnall [born ?~\ beyond the sea 
Is Conchubhar our head senior." 



The poet then goes on to trace the descendants of Murchadh, another son of Tadhg 
of the Battle of Brian, not at all noticed in the Book of Lecan, nor in any other of the 
pedigrees, and then traces the pedigree of his patron, Conchobhar O'Kelly, who died in 
1268, up to Milesius of Spain, and from him up to Adam ; and as it confirms his ac- 
count just quoted of the number of generations from Conchobhar to Tadhg of the 
Battle of Brian, and helps to throw some important light on the chronology, I shall 
quote his verses here : 

" Concubap O'Ceallaij cam, " Conchubhar O'Kelly, the fair, 

TTIac t)orhnaill, vhic Caioj calcaip, Son of Domhnall, son of Tadhg, the sturdy, 

TTlic Concubaip TTluije in aipo, Son of Conchubhar of Magh in aird, 

TTlic t)iapmaoa, mic oeaj-Uhaioj, Son of Diarmaid, son of the good Tadhg, 

TTlic Concubaip Sooain paip, Son of Conchubhar of noble Sodhan, 

TTlic Concubaip TTluije TTlain. Son of Conchubhar of Moenmagh, 

TTlic Uaioj ac bar a j-car 6hpiam, Son of Tadhg who fell in the Battle of Brian, 

TTlic TTlupcaoa mip 50 moip-jliam." Son of the swift Murchadh of great prowess." 

The number of generations here given exactly agrees with the period, and with 
the dates given in the Annals, while the number of generations given in most manu- 
script pedigrees of O'Kelly could not possibly stand the test of recorded chronology, 
or be reconciled with the course of natural descent. 

20. Conchobhar O'Kelly, son of Conchobhar. He is omitted in all the pedigrees, and 
is supplied from the poem above quoted. 

-21. Tadhg 'Kelly, the son of Conchobhar. He is one of the two generations omit- 
ted in all the pedigrees ; but he is mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters at 
the year 1074 : 

" A. D. 1074. Donnchadh O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, was slain by his relative 
Tadhg, the grandson of Conchobhar O'Kelly, on Inis Locha Caolain." 

This date agrees very well, as his grandfather, Conchobhar O'Kelly, was slain in 
Meath, according to the poem, and in Teffia [in Meath], according to the Annals of 
the Four Masters, in the year 1030. 

22. Diarmaid OP Kelly, son of Tadhg. He is given in all the pedigrees as the 
grandson of Tadhg, of the Battle of Brian ; but this must be incorrect as already 
shown. He is said to have been prince of Hy-Many for sixty years, but this can 
scarcely be true, as no notice of him is to be found in the authentic annals. 

23. Conchobkar Moenmaighe, or Conor ofMoenmoy CP Kelly, otherwise called Conchobhar 
of the Battle. He is set down in all the pedigrees as the son of Diarmaid, and is said 
to have been prince or arch-chief of Hy-Many for forty years. According to the An- 


nals of the Four Masters, he built O'Kelly's Church at Clomnacnoise, in the year 
1 167, and was slain by Conor Moenmoy O' Conor, the son of king Roderic, in the year 
1 1 80. He is stated in some of the pedigrees to have built twelve churches in the ter- 
ritory of Moenmoy, and to have presented 365 chalices to the church. 

24. Tadhg Tailltenn He and his father Conchobhar were slain together in the 
same battle by Conor Moenmoy, the son of King Roderic O'Conor, in the year 1 1 80, 
as we learn from the Annals of the Four Masters : 

" A. D. 1 1 80. A battle was fought between Conor Moenmoy, the son of Eoderic 
O'Conor, and Conor O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, in which were slain Conor O'Kelly, 
his son Tadhg, his brother Diarmaid, Maelseachlainn the son of Diarmaid O'Kelly, 
and Tadhg, the son of Tadhg O'Conor." 

He is set down in the pedigrees as chief of Hy-Many at the period of the English 
invasion, as in O'Farrell's Linea Antiqua, where it is stated, that " Teige of Tailtean 
O'Kelly was the last of his name that was styled King of Hy-Many, that title being 
abrogated by the English invasion, which happened in his time, so that from him 
downwards the chief of the family was only called O'Kelly, and lord of lath-Maine." 
But this cannot be true, as his father fought a battle against Conor Moenmoy O'Conor 
so late as the year 1 1 80, in which this Tadhg was slain, and it is therefore rational to 
suppose that Tadhg Tailltenn was never chief of Hy-Many. 

25. Domhnall Mor O 1 Kelly, son of Tadhg Tailltenn He is set down in some of the 

pedigrees as the ninth O'Kelly, and as chief of Hy-Many for twenty-one years, and 
the Irish Annals record his death at the year 1224; they also record that Murchadh, 
the son of Tadhg O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, was slain by Conor Moenmoy O'Conor 
in the year 1186. It is stated in a pedigree of Makeogh, now Keogh, preserved in a 
paper MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, that this Domhnall Mor is the 
ancestor of all the O'Kellys of Hy-Many extant, and of all the subsequent chiefs of 
Hy-Many, except four, and that he was chief of Hy-Many for twenty years, but no 
dates are furnished by this pedigree. He married Duvcola, daughter of Domhnall Mor 
O'Brien, king of Munster. From his third son Eoghan, sprung the sept of Clann 
maicne Eoghain, who gave their name to the barony of Clonmacnowen, in the east of 
the county of Galway, a sept who had always a chief of their own, but who was tri- 
butary to the chief of all Hy-Many. , From his youngest son, Diarmaid O'Kelly, are 
descended the family of Mac Eochadha, now Keogh, who possessed the territory of 
Magh Finn, containing forty quarters of land, and comprising the entire of the parish 
of Taghmaconnell, in the barony of Athlone. 

26. Conchobhar O'Kelly, son of Domhnall Mor He is set down in the Book of 
Lecan as the eldest son of Domhnall Mor, and is said, in other authorities, to have 



been chief of Hy-Many for twenty-one years. His death is recorded in the Annals of 
the Four Masters at the year 1268, where he is styled lord of Hy-Many, and is the 
chief to whom the poem above quoted, p. 100, was addressed. His brother Thomas, 
Bishop of Clonfert, died in the year 1263. This Conchobhar, or Conor, married three 
wives, namely, first, the daughter of O'Heyne ; second, Derbhail, daughter of O'Lough- 
lin Burren ; third, Edaoin, daughter of Mac Namara. By O'Heyne's daughter he had 
two sons, viz., Domhnall, chief of Hy-Many, and ancestor of O'Kelly of Belagallda, of 
whom hereafter, and Murchadh or Morogh. By the daughter of O'Loughlin Burren he 
had Donnchadh Muimhneach, i. e. Donogh the Momonian O'Kelly, the ancestor of all 
the subsequent chiefs, and Maine ; and by the daughter of Mac Namara, he had Cathal 
na Finne, Cairbre, and Maurice. 

27. Donnchadh Muimhneach, or Donogh, the Momonian (fKelly He was ob- 
viously so called from his having been fostered in Munster, probably by his maternal 
grandfather, O'Loughlin Burren. He succeeded his two half brothers above men- 
tioned, and was thirteenth O'Kelly, a dignity which he enjoyed for ten years. He 
married, according to the Book of Lecan, two wives, by the first of whom, Rose, the 
daughter of Mac Quillin of the Rout, in the north of the present county of Antrim, 
he had four sons, viz., Muircheartach, Aedh, Maeleachlain, and Maine. By the second, 
Duibhesa, the daughter of O' Conor, he had Tadhg and Conchobhar, who both died 
without issue ; Edmond, from whom the family of Mac Edmond of Gaille (Galey) is 
descended ; William Boy, chief of Hy-Many, and Domhnall Muimhneach. 

In Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, made in 1627, are 
the following notices of this chief : 

" A. D. 1307 The Englishmen of Roscommon were all killed by Donogh Moy- 

neach O'Kelly, before his death at Ahascragh, where Philip Montyre, John Montyre, 
and Mathew Drew, with seventy other persons, were taken and killed. Also the 
sheriff of Roscommon, Dermott Gall Mac Dermott, and Cormac Mac Kehernie, were 
by him set at liberty, and concluded peace with him for the burning of the town by 
Edmond Butler, then deputy of Ireland." 

Same year " Donogh Moyneach O'Kelly, prince of Imaine, a common house- 
keeper for all Ireland in generall, and a very bountiful man, died penitently, and 
Teig, his son, died immediately after." He is mentioned in the Pipe Roll, I5th 
Edw. L, under the odd spelling of Donethad Moynath O'Kelly. 

28. Wittiam Boy O'Kelly, son of Donnchadh Muimhneach According to the Book 
of Lecan, he was the eighth son of Donnchadh Muimhneach, and his fourth son by 
Duibhesa, the daughter of Mealeachlainn O' Conor, the fourth in descent from Turlogh 
More O'Conor, monarch of Ireland. This William, though the eighth son, obtained 



for himself and his posterity the chief sway in Hy-Many, and may justly be called the 
stirpes of the family of O'Kelly. He received much opposition from his relative 
Tadhg, the son of the celebrated Tadhg or Teige O'Kelly, surnamed of the Battle of 
Athenry, who was supported by Turlogh O'Conor, but having succeeded in a battle 
against him and his brother, in the year 1 340, he made his way to the chieftainship 
without further opposition. This is recorded in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as trans- 
lated by Mageoghegan, as follows : 

" A.D. 1340. There arose great strifes between the O'Kellies of Imaine, between 
Teig mac Teig O'Kelly, and William mac Donnough Moyneagh O'Kelly. Terlagh 
O'Connor, king of Connaught, granted the principality, name, and chief rule of the 
O'Kellies, to Teig O'Kelly, who by vertue of the said grant possessed the same, and 
banished William thereout, whom they all followed in pursuit. He retrayted upon 
them, and killed Donnogh, and tooke captive Teig himself, and at his taking was hurt 
greivously, of which hurt Teig died afterwards." 

Three years afterwards, 1343, Hy-Many was invaded by the Berminghams and 
Burkes of Clanrickard, who slew Conor Cearbhagh O'Kelly (son of Diarmaid, C.H.M., 
son of Gilbert, C. H. M., son of Domhnall, C. H.M., son of Conchobhar Mor, C. H. M.), 
and eleven others, who were all the sons of chieftains. 

In 1351, this William Boy O'Kelly, who is celebrated by the Irish bards as a prince 
of unbounded munificence, invited all the professors of art in Ireland to his house, and 
entertained them during the Christmas holidays, as we are informed by the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise : 

" A. D. 1351. William Mac Donnough Moyneagh O'Kelly, invited all the Irish 
poetts, brehons, bardes, harpers, gamesters, or common kearroghs, jesters, and others 
of their kind, of Ireland, to his house, upon Christmas, this year, where every one of 
them was well used dureing Christomas holydays, and gave contentment to each of 
them at the time of their departure, so as every one was well pleased, and extolled 
William for his bounty ; one of which assembly composed certain verses in commenda- 
tion of William and his house, which beginneth [begin] thus : 

Gpeann 50 h-aom-ceac," [i. e. The poets of Erin to one house.] 

A copy of this poem is preserved in the collection of Messrs. Hodges and Smith, 
Dublin, and is a curious record of the manners and customs of the Irish at the pe- 
riod. This William Boy O'Kelly built the castle of Callow, where a distinguished 
branch of his descendants resided for ages after. He also built the castle of Gaille, 
now Galey castle, still standing on the margin of Lough Eee, near Knockcroghery, in 
the county of Roscommon, where, according to the poem just referred to, he enter- 


tained the Irish poets and other professors of art in 1351. In the year 1353, he 
founded the magnificent abbey of Kilconnell, the ruins of which still remain in good 
preservation. He appears to have lived to a great age, for his death is recorded in the 
Annals of the Four Masters at the year 1381 ; but he resigned the chieftainship to his 
son, Maeleachlainn, in 1375, six years before his death. According to the Book of 
Lecan (as in p. 51, supra) he married the daughter of O'Grady, by whom he had 
Maeleachlainn, his eldest son and successor, William Og, Tadhg, and Aedh Buidhe; 
but other pedigrees mention that he first married Mary, the daughter of Ulick an 
fhiona Burke, Lord of Clanrickard, and had by her three sons, viz. Aedh Buidhe, Muir- 
chertach an Trustain, and Donnchadh Carrach ; but it looks more likely that Maeleach- 
lainn was the eldest son, as he succeeded to the chieftainship in his father's life-time. 

29. Maeleachlainn or Maelseachlainn CP Kelly, son of William Boy He became 

chief of Hy- Many in the year 1375, six years before his father's death, and died in 
1401. The Four Masters have collected the following notices of him in their Annals : 

" A. D. 1375 A war broke out between Rory O'Conor, king of Connaught, and 
Maelseachlainn O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, in which O'Conor subdued the Hy-Many. 

" A. D. 1377 Rory O'Conor defeated Mac William Burke and Maelseachlainu 
O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, at Roscommon. In the conflict were slain Richard Burke, 
the brother of Mac William ; Domhnall, son of Cathal Og O'Conor ; Teige Og, son of 
Teige O'Kelly ; O'Mainnin, chief of Sodan ; Mac Dowell Galloglach, and many 

"A. D. 1401 Maelseachlainn O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, a truly hospitable and 
humane man, died, and Conor Anabaidh [the Abortive] O'Kelly, his son, assumed 
the lordship of Hy-Many." 

"A. D. 1403 Finola, the daughter of Turlogh, son of Aedh, or Hugh, son of 
Eoghan O'Conor, and wife of Maelseachlainn O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, died after a 
life of virtue." 

The monument of this chieftain, and his wife Finola, is still to be seen in good 
preservation in the choir of the Abbey of Knockmoy, with the following inscription : 

" Do niuleachlaino O Keallaio, DO " For Muleachlainn O'Kelly, king of 

Ri O TTIaini ocup o' Inbuulamo injen 1 Hy-Many, and Finola, daughter of 

Chonchuip DO pine TTlacha O Qnli in O'Conor, Matthew O'Anli erected this 

leacoaij pea." monument." 

Ledwich, in his Antiquities of Ireland, Second Edition, p. 520, calls this the mo- 
nument of Charles the Red-handed O'Conor, the founder of the Abbey, in 1 189, but 
the above inscription, given as carefully copied by the Editor in 1838, and compared 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. 9. P with 


with a most accurate drawing of the tomb made by Mr. Petrie many years earlier, will 
show that this tomb is that of Maelseachlainn O'Kelly and his wife Finola, in whose 
country the Abbey then stood. 

According to the Book of Lecan, Maelseachlainn O'Kelly married, first, the daughter 
of Walter Burke, and had by her Ruaidhri, Brian, and Conchobhar ; and, secondly, 
Finnguala, or Finola, the daughter of Turlogh O' Conor, King of Connaught, and had 
by her Aedh, Feradhach, Tadhg, Donnchadh, ancestor of the O'Kellys of O'Mullagh- 
more and Gallagh, Domhnall, William, ancestor of the O'Kellys of Callow and Augh- 
rim, and Edmond, who died without issue in 1393. But O'Farrell, in his Linea 
Antiqua, says that it was much disputed among the O'Kellys whether the daughter 
of Walter Burke or Finola Ny Conor, was the first wife of Maeleachlainn O'Kelly, 
but as Finola survived him two years it must follow that she was his second wife, 
unless it be supposed that he put her away and married the daughter of Walter 
Burke ; but this tomb is sufficient evidence to show that Finola was his favourite. 
O'Farrell writes : " Melaghlin, the twenty-second O'Kelly, and lord of Hy-Many for 
twenty-two years, married two wives, but it is much disputed which was the first 
wife, some alleging that Finola, daughter to O'Connor Don, was the first, by whom 
he had three sons, viz., Teige More, of Cruhen, Donogh, and William. Others, and 

the Book of Lecan, fol. 91, say that daughter of Walter Burke, a quo Clann- 

Vateir, was the first wife, and had also by him three sons, Brian, Connor na Ceara- 
vagh" [recte Anabaidh], " and Roger, of Eahara, and that Brian, and his wife Edina 
O'Connor, dying in his father's life- time, his children were kept back from their right 
of inheritance by his younger brothers, which is somewhat likely, for that his second 
brother by the same venter succeeded his father in the honour and estate of O'Kelly 
two years ; and after him succeeded the eldest son by the other venter, Teige Mor." 

From these words it is clear that O'Farrell felt disposed to believe that Brian was 
the eldest son of Maeleachlainn, a fact which is now indisputable. 

Having now carried the pedigree down to the ancestor from whom the most distin- 
guished families of the O'Kellys of Hy-Many have branched off, I shall return to the 
senior branch, which was laid aside. It will be recollected that the eldest son of Con- 
chobhar, or Conor O'Kelly, No. 26, in the Table, by his first wife, the daughter of 
O'Heyne, was Domhnall (see pp. 47 and 51), who was the senior of the race of Ceallach. 

27. Domhnatt, son of Conchobhar. He was chief of Hy-Many, but he resigned that 
dignity to his brother Maine, and retired into the monastery of Knockmoy, where he 
died in the year 1295. His death is thus entered in the Annals of the Four Masters: 

" A. D. 1295 Domnhall O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, a judicious adviser, died in 
the habit of a monk, and was buried at the abbey of Knockmoy." 



The name of his first wife is not recorded, but his second wife was Abis, the daughter 
of O'Flyn, chief of Sil Mailruain. His sons are entered in the Book of Lecan in the fol- 
io wing order: i. Gilbert, king of Hy-Many [who died in 1322]. 2. David. 3. Tadhg, 
or Teige Mor, of the battle of Athenry, chief of Hy-Many [slain at Athenry in the 
year 1316]. 4. Conchobhar, king of Hy-Many [slain in Fassa Coille in the year 1318], 
and who had married Gormley, daughter of Mac Dermot, who died in the year 1327. 
5. Aedh, or Hugh. It is added in the Book of Lecan that only two of these sons were 
by the same mother, namely, Tadhg and Conchobhar, and that Abis, daughter of 
O'Flyn, was their mother. 

28. Gilbert O'Kelly, son of Domhnall. He succeeded his brother Conchobhar (who 
was slain in the battle of Fassa Coille in 1318), and died in 1322, according to the 
Annals of the Four Masters, though O'Farrell states that he was chief for thirty- three 
years. He had issue seven sons, viz., David, the eldest, who seems to have died young, 
and without issue. 2. Diarmaid, chief of Hy-Many. 3. Thomas, Bishop of Clonfert, 
who died in 1377. 4. Domhnall Tuathach. 5. Murchadh. 6. Cormac ; and, 
7. Brian. 

29. Diarmaid O 1 Kelly, son of Gilbert. According to the Book of Lecan he was 
king of Hy-Many. He hanged O'Mannin, chief of Sodhan, and seized on his castle and 
estate of Clogher. O'Farrell states that he died Avithout issue ; but, according to the 
Book of Lecan, he married Mor, the daughter of Hugh O' Conor, and had by her a 
son, Tadhg, besides Conchobhar Cearbhach, or Conor the gamester, and John by 
another wife, and Maine by a third. 

30. Conchobhar Cearbhach 0' Kelly, son of Diarmaid. He was slain in 1343, toge- 
ther with eleven gentlemen of his name, as we learn from the Annals of the Four 
Masters and the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated in 1627 by Connell Mageoghe- 
gan, in which latter authority his death is thus recorded : 

" A. D. 1343 The Bremynghams and Burkes, of Clanrickarde, gave a great over- 
throw to the family of O'Kelly and inhabitants of Imaine, where Connor Kearvagh 
O'Kelly, with eleven princes, sons of that family, were slain." 

31. Conchobhar 'Kelly In him the race of Diarmaid, who hanged O'Mannin 

(No. 29, supra), probably became extinct. 

Let us now return to Tadhg Mor of the Battle of Athenry, the celebrated chief of 
Hy-Many, to whom Shane O'Dugan addressed a curious poem, preserved in the 
Trinity College MS., (H. 2. 7.), in which he traces his pedigree up to Conn of the 
Hundred Battles. 

It is stated in the Book of Lecan that Tadhg Mor had three sons, namely, Donn- 
chadh, Tadhg, and Conchobhar. 

P 2 29. 


29. Tadhg O> Kelly, son of Tadhg of the Battle of Athenry He contested the chief- 
tainship of Hy-Many in the year 1 340, with William, the son of Donogh Muimhneach 
O'Kelly, as already stated under No. 28, but was put down. He had three sons, 
two Tadhgs and Donogh Roe, but there is no further account of his descendants, 
and it may be presumed that they became extinct. 

The descendants of Conchobhar, chief of Hy-Many, and brother of Tadhg of the 
Battle of Athenry, also became extinct in a few generations ; and as none of them 
were historical personages it is unnecessary to enumerate them here ; but the race 
of Gilbert, chief of Hy-Many, No. 28, supra, was continued by Cormac, his sixth son, 
who became the founder of the family of Belagallda. 

The line is continued by O'Farrell for eight generations, and as this is unquestion- 
ably the senior line of the O'Kelly family, I shall here present the reader with these 
generations, in the hope that some existing family may be able to connect itself with 

them : 

28. Gilbert O'Kelly, chief of Hy-Many, d. 1322. 

29. Diarmaid O'K., who 29. Cormac O'K. 
hanged O'Mannin, 
and took possession of 
his castle of Clogher. 

30. Cormac Og, of 30. Teige O'K., of Belagallda. 
Cloghan, gi Do ' nogh O - K ^ of Belagallda. 


32. William Roe O'K., of Belagallda 


33. Melaghlin O'K., of Belagallda. 


34. Edmond O'K. 



^en O'Kelly. 

Donogh O'K. 



ge O'K. 
lliam O'K., of Belagallda. 


Melaghlin O'K. 
Donogh O'K. 





Having now shown where the senior line, which was laid aside for generations by 
more powerful junior families, is to be looked for, I shall return to Brian, second son 
of Maeleachlainn (29, 30), and eldest that left issue, his eldest brother, Ruaidhri, 
having died without issue in 1395. He married Edaoin, daughter of Cathal O'Conor, 
king of Connaught, and had issue, Aedh, chief of Hy-Many, and ancestor of O'Kelly, 
of Athleague, and Maghnus O'Kelly, ancestor of the family of Screen, now represented 
by Denis Henry Kelly, Esq., of Castle Kelly. Brian died in the year 1393, i. e. eight 
years before his father, and his wife died shortly after him in the same year, as did 



also two of his brothers, Domhnall and Edmond, as we learn from the Annals of the 
Four Masters. 

" A. D. 1393 Brian, the son of Maeleachlainn O'Kelly, Tanist of Hy-Many, died." 

Same year. " Edaoin, daughter of Cathal Og O'Conor, and wife of Brian, the son 
of Maeleachlainn O'Kelly, and Domhnall and Edmond, two sons of Maeleachlain 
O'Kelly, died." 

31. Aedh or Hugh O* Kelly, son of Brian Brian, the father of this Aedh or Hugh, 
having died in his father, Maeleachlainn's life-time, never attained to the chieftainship. 
On the death of Maeleachlainn O'Kelly in 1401, his third son, Conor Anabaidh, or the 
Abortive, succeeded as chief of Hy-Many, a dignity which he enjoyed for two years, 
when he died, and was buried in the Abbey of St. John the Baptist at Eandown, 
A. D. 1403. He was succeeded in the chieftainship by Tadhg or Teige, the sixth sou 
of Maeleachlainn, who governed the territory for seven years, when he died, and was 
succeeded by his brother Donnchadh, or Donogh, the seventh son of Maeleachlainn, who 
was chief of Hy-Many for fourteen years, and was slain by an arrow discharged at him 
by one of the sons of his brother William, who rebelled against him. From the death 
of Donogh in 1424, down to the year 1467, the Irish annals do not give the succes- 
sion of the chiefs of Hy-Many, but at the year 1464, the Four Masters have the 
following very curious passage : 

"A. D. 1464 Breasal, the son of Donnchadh O'Kelly and Maeleachlainn, the son 

of William O'Kelly, who were contending for the lordship of Hy-Many, both died 
within the one week at the end of April. When Maeleachlainn's servant came to see 
Breasal in his mortal sickness, Breasal said : ' I shall meet Maeleachlainn in the pre- 
sence of the Lord of us both at the end of a week ;' and both did attend that meeting. 
After the death of Maeleachlainn, a great contention arose between the sons of Wil- 
liam O'Kelly [ancestor of the house of Aughrim] and the sons of Donnchadh O'Kelly" 
[ancestor of the houses of Gallagh and Mullaghmore]. 

O'Farrell, in his pedigree of O'Kelly, has no notice of these rivals, but makes 
Teige O'Kelly, the son of Donogh, and brother of Breasal, succeed his father for three 
years, i. e. from 1424 till 1427, when he makes Hugh, the son of Brian (No. 31), of 
whom we are treating, succeed for thirty years. This Aedh or Hugh, the ancestor of 
O'Kelly of Athleague, died in the year 1467, and was interred at Athlone (Ann. Quat. 
Mag.). He married first the daughter of Mac Dermot of Moylurg, and had issue Wil- 
liam O'Kelly of Athleague, and Donnchadh O'Kelly of Lecan. He married, secondly, 
Benmumhan Ny-Conor (daughter of Owen O'Conor), who died in 1468, by whom he 
had Maeleachlainn O'Kelly of the Feadha, in the barony of Athlone, who became chief 
of Hy-Many in 1487, and Edmond O'Kelly, who, according to O'Farrell, was the 
thirty-seventh O'Kelly, but no notice of him is preserved in the Irish Annals. 


32. William O'Kelly, son of Aedh, or Hugh On the death of Aedh O'Kelly, the 
father of this William, in 1467, Aedh, the son of William O'Kelly, ancestor of the house 
of Aughrim, succeeded to the chieftainship, and enjoyed that dignity for two years, 
when he was slain by his own relatives. His death is thus recorded in the Annals of 
the Four Masters : 

" A. D. 1469 Aedh, the son of William O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, the most 

eminent man in Ireland for hospitality, and one who had never refused the counte- 
nance of man, was treacherously slain by the descendants of Donnchadh O'Kelly, 
namely, by the sons of Breasal and Teige, the son of Donnchadh O'Kelly, on Shrove 
Monday, the second day before the festival of St. Berach [i5th Feb.] After his death 
two O' Kelly s were set up, namely, William, the son of Aedh, who was son of Brian, 
and Tadhg Caoch, the son of William O'Kelly." 

The former is the William of whom we are here treating. He seems to have been 
more powerful than the other O'Kelly, for in the record of his death, given in the An- 
nals of the Four Masters, he is called full chief of Hy-Many. 

"A. D. 1487. William, son of Aedh, son of Brian O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, was 
treacherously taken prisoner by his own kinsmen, and afterwards died in chains. 
Upon which two lords were set up in his place, namely, [his brother] Maeleachlainn, 
son of Aedh, son of Brian, and Donnchadh, son of Breasal O'Kelly." 

The name of the wife of this William is not given by the Irish Annalists, nor in 
any of the pedigrees ; but it appears from the Annals that he had three sons, namely, 
i. Tadhg O'Kelly, 2. Brian O'Kelly, who slew his brother Tadhg in 1484, and was him- 
self hanged by the O'Kelly for his crime soon after, and Maeleachlainn, who became 
chief of Hy-Many, and was, according to the pedigrees, but not according to the 
Annals, the thirty-fifth O'Kelly, and the founder of the house of Athleague. 

33. Maeleachlainn O 1 Kelly, son of William. He was a distinguished man, but never 
attained to the chieftainship. In the year 1487 he slew Aedh, or Hugh, the son of 
Donnchadh O'Kelly, in revenge for which he was treacheroiisly captured and thrown into 
prison in 1490, by Tadhg, son of Donnchadh O'Kelly, but was afterwards liberated. 
In 1489, he and his brothers were at strife with O' Conor, and in that year O'Conor led 
his forces against them and cut trenches in their road at Cluainin so as to render it im- 
passable, and destroyed much of their corn, and they, in retaliation, inflicted many injuries 
on O'Mulconry (now Conry and Conroy), and his relatives, who were O'Conor's de- 
pendants. They continued their strife with O'Conor, who, in the year 1499, induced 
Garrett Earl of Kildare, then Lord Deputy, to march a strong force into the province 
of Connaught to quell their insolence, and also to subdue some rivals of the house 
of O'Conor. The Lord Deputy on this occasion took their castle of Athleague, and 
delivered it up to their paternal uncles, and drove themselves across the river Suck. 



Shortly after this, however, the sons of William O' Kelly prevailed on Mac William 
Burke of Clanrickard to join them, by whose assistance they regained possession of the 
castle of Athleague. Mac William on this occasion made a prisoner of Conor O'Kelly, 
one of the two rival chiefs of Hy-Many, and delivered him, together with the hostages 
of Hy-Many, up to Maeleachlainn O'Kelly (son of Tadhg, son of Donnchadh), who 
thereupon assumed entire lordship of Hy-Many. 

After this period the O'Kellys of Athleague, the senior representatives of William 
Boy (No. 28), disappear from Irish history, or at least from the Irish Annals, but their 
pedigree is preserved by O'Farrell in his Linea Antiqua for six generations after this 
Maeleachlainn, as may be seen in the Genealogical Table. The last mentioned by 
O'Farrell seems to have lived in the reign of Queen Anne, and the pedigree might 
easily be continued by a proper search in the Registry of Clonfert, and in the Rolls' 
Office, and other repertories of documents relating to property, in Dublin. Denis 
H. Kelly, Esq., of Castle Kelly, believes that the house of Athleague is now repre- 
sented by the house of Cargins (vide supra, p. 1 8, Note d ) ; and the pedigree is con- 
tinued in the Genealogical Table down to the present day on his authority, but the 
Editor does not know whether it can be supported by documentary evidence. 


The next family in point of seniority of descent to O'Kelly of Athleague, is 
O'Kelly of Lecan, who descends from Tadhg, eldest son of Donnchadh, the brother of 
William, No. 32, and second son of Aedh, chief of Hy-Many, by the daughter of 
Mac Dermot, of Moylurg ; but the present representative of this family, if extant, is 
unknown to the Editor, and probably to himself. The pedigree is carried down for 
six generations, by O'Farrell, in his Linea Antiqua, but without adding any dates. 


The next family of this name is that of Turrick, who descend from Brian, the son 
of Donnchadh O'Kelly, of Lecan. The pedigree is carried down by O'Farrell four 
generations, but without adding dates or marriages. This house is now believed to 
be extinct. 


This house descends from Maeleachlainn, the son of Donnchadh O'Kelly, of Lecan, 
by his second wife, More, the daughter of O'Conor Faly. O'Farrell carries the pedigree 
of two branches of this family down seven generations, that is, from Maeleachlainn, 
son of Donnchadh, down to Donnchadh Og O'Kelly, of Liscor, who was probably alive 


I 12 

in the reign of Queen Anne, when O'Farrell compiled his pedigrees of the ancient Irish 
families. The Editor does not know the present representative of this family. 


The last, or thirty-ninth O'Kelly, was the head of this house. He was Aedh, or 
Hugh, the son of Donnchadh, the thirty-eighth O'Kelly, by Ellen, the daughter of 
Conor O'Kelly, of Clogher; and Donnchadh, who was living in the year 1536, according 
to the Four Masters, was the son of Edmond, the thirty-seventh O'Kelly, by the daugh- 
ter of Mac Dermot, of Moylurg. This Hugh, the last chief of Hy-Many, was living 
in 1585, and is the chief mentioned in the document already quoted in the Introductory 
Eemarks to this tract, p. 1 8, where the name of his residence is incorrectly printed 
Lisecalhone, for Lisdalhone or Lisdalone. He died without issue male, and his daughter 
Margaret was his sole heiress, who married Duagh Daly Kelly, of Beallagh, and the 
family of Lisdalon was continued by the descendants of Edmond, the thirty-seventh 
O'Kelly, by his second wife, Amy, daughter of Garrett Dalton, of Ballymore. As this 
family may be said, if extant, to be the heirs of the last chief of Hy-Many, I shall here 
present the reader with the pedigree as far as it is given by O'Farrell in his Linea 
Antiqna : 

32. Edmond, thirty-seventh O'Kelly, married, secondly, Amy, daughter of Garrett Dalton, of Bally- 

more, and had issue, 

33. Edmond Oge O'Kelly, married the daughter of William Kelly, of Beallagh, and had issue two 

sons, namely, Ignatius and Melaghlin. 

34. Ignatius O'Kelly, married the daughter of Gillernewe Farrell, of Rathcline, in the co. Long- 

ford, and had two sons, John and Donogh. 


35. John Kelly. 35. Donogh K. 

36. Ignatius Kelly, of Lisdalon. 36. William K. 

The descendants of Melaghlin, son of Edmund Oge, are given by O'Farrell as 
follow : 

34. Melaghlin, the brother of Ignatius, above mentioned, married Rose, daughter of Mac William 

Carrach, and had issue, 

35. Brian O'Kelly, who married a Dillon, and had issue, 

36. Hubert Kelly, who married a daughter of William Harbour, of Dublin, and had issue, 

37. Hubert Oge Kelly. 

If any branch of this family of Lisdalon be extant, he may be considered as the 



representative of Hugh O'Kelly, the thirty-ninth O'Kelly, and last chief of Hy-Many ; 
but the Editor can find no account of them, and believes that they are extinct. 


This family descends from William O'Kelly, the son of Maeleachlainn of the 
Feadha, who, according to the Four Masters, became chief of Hy-Many in 1487. The 
pedigree is carried down for seven generations by O'Farrell, that is, from the Maeleach- 
lainn O'Kelly, just mentioned, down to William Kelly, of Beallagh, the son of Colonel 
Hugh Kelly, of Beallagh, by Euphrosina Resica, a Polish lady. The mother of this 
Colonel Kelly was Mable, daughter of William Reagh Kelly, of Knockcroghery ; his 
grandmother was Maud, the daughter of Sir Hugh O'Conor Don, and his great grand- 
mother was Margaret, the daughter, and sole heiress of Hugh O'Kelly, the last chief 
of Hy-Many ; so that he was of the best blood of Connaught and Hy-Many by paternal 
and maternal descent. 

The present representative of this house is likewise unknown to the Editor, who 
fears that the family have become extinct, or so obscure that they may have lost all 
knowledge of their high descent. 


The next family in point of seniority of descent to the house of Beallagh is 
O'Kelly, of Screen, now represented by Denis Henry Kelly, Esq., of Aughrane, or 
Castle Kelly. This family, though they are not the senior representatives of Brian, 
Tanist of Hy-Many, and ancestor of the last chief (Hugh, of Lisdalon, son of Donnchadh, 
son of Edmond, son of Aedh, son of Brian, son of Maeleachlainn, son of William Boy, 
the stirpes, No. 28), nor considered traditionally to be of the family of the chiefs of Hy- 
Many, for tradition looks upon the houses of Aughrim, Mullaghmore, and Gallagh as 
having supplied all the chiefs of Hy-Many ; still they have at all times maintained so 
high a rank in Hy-Many, especially since the abolition of chieftainries, and produced 
so many distinguished men, that they are now fairly entitled to be considered the chief 
family of the O' Kelly s, especially since the disappearance of the junior but formerly 
more powerful houses of Mullaghmore and Aughrim, and the dwindling of the house 
of Gallagh to comparative insignificance. 

It will be recollected that Brian O'Kelly, Tanist of Hy-Many, who died in 1393, 
had two sons, namely, i, Aedh, or Hugh, chief of Hy-Many, and ancestor of the last 
chief, and of all the families above enumerated, except O'Kelly of Belagallda ; and, 
2, Maghnus, or Manus O'Kelly, ancestor of the O'Kelly of Screen. 

31. Maghnus, or Manus O'Kelly, son of Brian He married Celia, daughter of 
IRISH AECH. SOC. 9. Q Myles 


Myles Burke, of Shruile, and had issue Domhnall, or Daniel O'Kelly. Charles O'Conor 
of Belanagare, states in his pedigree of O'Kelly, which was drawn up in the year 1774, 
that the appanage of this Maghnus was the manor of Athlone in the County of Eos- 

32. Domhnall, or Daniel 0' 'Kelly, son of Manus He is called in the pedigrees lord 
of the manor of Screen. He married Catherine, daughter of Ulick Burke, who was 
the Mac William, of Clanrickard, and had one son, Donnchadh (i. e. Donogh, or Denis). 

33. Donnchadh, or Denis O" 1 Kelly, son of Domhnall, He is called in the pedigrees 
the third lord of the manor of Screen, but no memorial of him is preserved by the 
Irish annalists. He married the daughter of Turlogh O'Conor Don, and had a son Aedh, 
or Hugh, who succeeded him. 

34 Aedh, or Hugh 0' 'Kelly, son of Donnchadh He was the fourth lord of the 

manor of Screen, and the freedom of England was granted him by Philip and Mary, 
by patent, dated 1557- He married, according to Charles O' Conor's pedigree of 
O'Kelly, Finola, daughter of Teige O'Kelly, of Gallagh, but according to another 
authority, a daughter of Donogh O'Kelly, of Lecan. He had issue, 

35. Tadhg, Teige, or Timothy O" 1 Kelly, of Aughrane, now Castle Kelly, the fifth 
lord of the manor of Screen, and sheriff of the county of Roscommon, in the year 1566. 
He married Catherine, daughter of Hugh O'Kelly, of Lecan, or, according to other 
authorities, Finola, the daughter of O'Kelly, of Belanamore, and had issue, 

36. Ruaidhri, Rory, or Roger 0' "Kelly, of Aughrane, or Castle Kelly, the sixth lord 
of the manor of Screen; he was sheriff of Roscommon in 1590. He married Eliza, 
daughter of O'Kelly, of Belanamore, or, according to another authority, the daughter 
of Mac Edmond of Gaille, and had issue, i, William Reagh O'Kelly, who married Ellen, 
daughter of O'Horan, by whom be had two sons, Conor and Dominic, both of whom 
entered into holy orders, and left no issue ; 2, Capt. Colla O'Kelly; and O'Conor says 
that he had a third son, Donell, who was living in 1594. 

37. Colla O'' Kelly, son of Rory, seventh lord of the manor of Screen. In 1601 he 
commanded, as a captain of foot, under Richard Earl of Clanrickarde, at the battle of 
Kinsale, where they fought against the disaffected Irish and Spaniards. He is said to 
have rejected the O' from his surname at the request of Queen Elizabeth, who thought 
the prefix O' tended, by keeping up the clanships in Ireland, to foster the disaffec- 
tion to England ; her autograph letter to him on the subject is said to have been 
preserved amongst the family muniments at Castle Kelly, but the present proprietor 
of that Castle has not been able to find it. He writes, in a letter to the Editor, dated 
Castle Kelly, October i9th, 1842 : "This autograph letter of Queen Elizabeth was 
long preserved among the family muniments, but was unhappily lost in the confusion 



after my uncle's death. Both my father and my aunt remember having seen it, 
and describe it as written in a very cramp hand on a small piece of greenish coloured 
paper." On the ist of January, in the year 161 2, this Captain Colla O'Kelly got a grant 
of the castles of Skryne and Knockcrogherie, and several lands : also of the castle of 
Lecharro, in the barony of Killian; also of the castles of Kiltullagh, Fedane, Cloneoran, 
Coolowe, and several lands in Tiaquin Barony, with a Wednesday market and a yearly 
fair at Knockcrogherie ; also of a ferry over the river Suck, between the towns and 
lands of Bealaforen on the east, and Mucklone on the west side of the river. 

He married Mary, daughter of James Betagh, Esq., of Moynalty, in the county of 
East Meath, and had issue John Kelly, his successor, and four daughters, Catherine, 
Margaret, Honora, and Mary. Captain Colla died in 1615, and was buried in the 
abbey of Kilconnell. 

38. John Kelly, son of Captain Colla, eighth lord of the manor of Screen In a 

Patent Roll, 10 Jac. I. 1612, he is called the son and heir of Colla O'Kelly, of the 
castle and manor of Skryne, and his wardship was granted to Donogh O'Kelly, of 
Gallagh, to bring him up in the established religion, and in the use of the English 
tongue, &c. He was Colonel of infantry of his own raising in September, 1641. He was 
very active and zealous in supporting King Charles the First's cause, and acquired so 
distinguished a character for his services, both under the Marquis of Ormonde and 
Clanrickarde, that he was restored by a particular clause in the Act of Settlement, to 
all the estates which he either had in possession or in reversion in the year 1641. He 
died in 1674, and was buried in the abbey of Kilconnell. Charles O'Conor says, 
that Kellach O'Kelly of Aughrim, who was the reputed chief of Hy-Many, sent, a 
short time before his death, a formal deputation to this Colonel John Kelly, de- 
volving to him all his right to the ancient honours of O'Kelly. He married Isma, 
daughter of Sir William Hill, of Bally beg, County of Car low, and had issue, i, Colonel 
Charles Kelly, ninth lord of the manor of Screen, his successor ; 2, Captain John 
Kelly, of Clonlyon; and four daughters, Margaret, Catherine, Onora, and Isma. Colonel 
Charles Kelly is the author of a curious account of the civil war in Ireland under James 
II., entitled " Macarice Excidium, or the Destruction of Cyprus," of which an English 
translation has lately been edited for the Camden Society, by T. Crofton Croker, Esq. 

This Col. Charles Kelly was educated at St. Omer's, where he acquired great reputa- 
tion for his knowledge of Belles Lettres. He returned to Ireland in 1 642, and having got 
the command of a troop of horse under the Marquis of Ormonde, he distinguished himself 
in the royal cause upon many occasions during the civil wars, but when the king was be- 
headed, and Ireland reduced by Cromwell, he carried a regiment of foot, consisting of 
two thousand men into the Spanish service. He j oined King Charles the Second on the re- 
storation in 1660, and returned to England and thence to Ireland, where, in the reign 

Q2 of 


of James the Second he was chosen Knight of the Shire for the County of Roscommon. 
He married Margaret, daughter of Teige O'Kelly, of Gallagh, and had issue Captain 
Denis Kelly, tenth lord of the manor of Screen, and Catherine, wife of Captain William 
Burke, second son of Sir William Burke, of Derrymaclaughney. His son, Captain 
Denis Kelly, tenth lord of the manor of Screen, raised a troop of horse in Lord Galway's 
regiment to aid King James the Second, and had a horse killed under him at the battle of 
Aughrim ; he retired to Limerick and was included in the capitulation of that city in 
1 69 1 ; he was sent to the Tower of London on suspicion of being concerned in the Roches- 
ter plot in the reign of George the First, but was honourably acquitted about the year 
1740. He married, on ist November, 1702, Mary, daughter of Lord Bellew, and niece 
to Lord Strafford, and died without issue in the year 1740. There is a well-painted 
portrait of him at Castle Kelly. With him the senior line of the chiefs of Screen 
became extinct. By deed, bearing date roth February, 1701, he settled his estate in 
remainder on John Kelly, senior, of Clonlyon (No. 40), and on his sons, John junior, 
Charles, and third, fourth and fifth sons, or on failure of them, on Colla Kelly, brother 
of said John senior, and his issue male; which he confirms more amply by his last will, 
bearing date in May, 1 740, and proved in the Prerogative Court of Ireland, on the 
zgth of July following. Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, who was thirty years old 
when this Captain Denis died, and who must have known him intimately, writes the 
following note on the settlement of the property : 

" Captain Denis O'Kelly dying without issue in 1 740, bequeathed his entire estate 
to John O'Kelly, eldest son to his cousin german, John O'Kelly of Clonlyon, by Mary, 
daughter of Iriel O'Farrell. N. B. The settlement of John O'Kelly with Joanna Hill, 
and of his son, Colonel Charles O'Kelly, with the daughter of O'Kelly of Gallagh, 
wherein the issue of Colonel John O'Kelly were remaindered, not being registered, 
were destroyed by mutual consent of the parties, to empower Captain Denis O'Kelly 
to make a settlement on the daughter of Lord Bellew." 

39. ColonelJohn Kelly, of Clonlyon, son of John Kelly, ofAughrane. He was High 
Sheriff of the county of Roscommon, in 1686, and was appointed by commission, bear- 
ing date ist August, 1689, lieutenant-colonel and captain of a company in his brother 
Charles's regiment of foot, and he sat in King James II.'s parliament as member for 
the Borough of Roscommon. By his will, made in 1692, and proved in 1694, he orders 
his body to be buried in the Abbey of Kilconnell, and bequeaths the monks of that 
abbey a donation to pray for his soul, with many other charitable legacies. He married 
Mary, daughter of Nicholas Mahon, of Strokestown, ancestor of Lord Hartland, and 
had issue John Kelly, his successor. 

40. John Kelly, Esq., son of Col. John. He married in July, 1697, Mary, daughter of 
Irial O'Farrell, of Cambo, and had issue John Kelly, of Aughrane, and Denis O'Kelly 


Farrell, ancestor of Count O'Kelly, of France. He died in 1714, and by his will be- 
queathed a legacy to the poor monks then dwelling near the ruins of Kilconnell Abbey. 

41. John Kelly, Esq., of Aughrane, or Castle Kelly. He succeeded his relative, 
Captain Denis Kelly, above mentioned, and was the eleventh lord of the manor of Screen. 
He married in 1 729, the Lady Honora, daughter of John Earl of Clanrickarde, niece to 
the Duchess de Berwick, and had issue (No. 42). He was the first of this house who 
conformed to the Church of England, and died in 1 748. 

42. Denis Kelly, Esq., of Aughrane, or Castle Kelly, last lord of the manor of Screen. 
He died at Worcester, 1794. He married, in 1750, Anne, daughter of Edward Arm- 
strong, Esq., of Gallen, and had issue, i, Major John Kelly, of Castle Kelly, who died 
s. p. in 1813 ; 2, Lieutenant Denis Kelly, who died s. p. 1782 ; 3, The Rev. Andrew 
Armstrong Kelly ; 4, Captain Charles Kelly, who died s. p. 1801 ; 5, Major Eobert, 
killed at St. Sebastian, s. p. 1813 ; 6, Lieutenant William Kelly, who, while with 
Lord Macartney, died in China, in 1 796 ; 7, James Kelly, now living, who married 
Miss St. George, of Tyrone ; and four daughters, Elizabeth, Honora (married to the 
Rev. T. Mahon, only brother of the first Lord Hartland), Anne, and Letitia. 

43. Rev. Andrew Armstrong Kelly, son of Denis, born 1763, and still living. He 
married, in 1796, Leonora, daughter of F. Salvador, of Twickenham, Esq., and has issue 
one daughter, Leonora, married to John Mahon, Esq., of Strokestown House, and, 

44. Denis Henry Kelly, Esq., of Aughrane, or Castle Kelly, M. R. I. A., and deputy 
lieutenant of the county of Galway. He married, first, Mary, daughter of W. M. 
Moseley, of Buildwas, county of Salop, and has issue two daughters ; i , Leonora 
Mary; and, 2, Mary Frances. He married, secondly, Elizabeth Diana, daughter of 
Colonel John Catir, of Brehenham, Kent, and Woodbastwick, Norfolk, and has issue, 
3, Elizabeth ; 4, Charlotte ; 5, Lucy Anne. 


40. John Kelly, of Clonlyon, who died in 1714, had a second son, 

41. Denis G 1 Kelly Farrell, born eight months after his father's death. He took 
service in Spain, where he obtained a company of infantry, and returned to Ireland in 
1740 to enjoy an estate left him by the will of his uncle James O'Farrell, bearing 
date the 2jth July, 1738, on condition of his taking the name and arms of O'Farrell. 
He died at Toulouse in the year 1761. He married Mary, daughter of Theobald 
Dillon, and had issue John (No. 42), and a daughter, Mary O'Kelly Farrell, who, 
in 1767, married Clement John Augustine de Rey, Marquis de Milhars in the province 
of Languedoc in France, and Counsellor of the Parliament of Toulouse. 

42. John James Count O'Kelly, born 1749 Charles O'Conor states in 1774 that 
he was lord of the manor of "Ca: Bastire Montfort." He had issue, i, Denis Count 



O'Kelly, who died s. p. in 1832 ; 2, James, the present Count O'Kelly ; 3, Charles 
Mac Carthy O'Kelly; and, 4, Robert. 

43. James Count O'Kelly married a Miss Long, of the county of Tipperary, but 
has no issue ; his brother Charles Mac Carthy O'Kelly has a large family. 

Having now disposed of all the families descended from Brian, the second son of 
Maeleachlainn, son of William Boy O'Kelly (No. 28), let us next turn to his third son, 
Conchobhar Anabaidh, or Conor the Abortive, so called, according to the pedigrees, 
from a superstitious belief that he had been detained in his mother's womb by witch- 
craft for two years, though his cognomen would seem to indicate the very contrary. 
He was chief of Hy-Many, and twenty-third O'Kelly, and died in 1403. He had a 
son Maeleachlainn, who was slain, according to the Four Masters, in 1429. His race 
continued in Hy-Many till about the beginning of the seventeenth century, when 
they seem to have become extinct. 


No family is recorded to have descended from any of the ten sons of Maeleachlainn 
(No. 29), except Donnchadh, or Donogh, his seventh son, and William, his ninth son, 
but from these sprung by far the most powerful if not most numerous families of 
Hy-Many, though since the reign of James II., they have all either become totally 
extinct, or dwindled into comparative obscurity and insignificance. 

We shall treat of these families in order, according to their seniority of descent, 
not according to their power or dignity (as O'Farrell disposes them in his Linea An- 
tigua), and in so doing we shall take the Book of Lecan as authority, which, though it 
may err in some particulars, must be received as the best evidence on the subject, 
until the Book of Hy-Many be discovered. 

30. Donnchadh, or Donogh O'Kelly, seventh son of Maeleachlainn He was the fourth 
son of Maeleachlainn by Finola, the daughter of Turlogh O' Conor, and succeeded his 
brother Tadhg or Teige, as chief of Hy-Many in the year 1410, having enjoyed that 
dignity for fourteen years, when he was slain by his own nephews, who rebelled against 
his government. His death is thus recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters : 

"A. D. 1424 Donnchadh, son of Maeleachlainn O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, was 
slain by an arrow, discharged at him by one of the sons of William O'Kelly, his own 
brother, as he attempted to compel them to submit to him as their lord." 

He was the twenty-fourth O'Kelly, and lived at Tiaquin, and his patrimony was 
co-extensive with the barony which now bears that name. The name of his wife is 
not recorded, but it appears from the pedigrees and the Annals that he had two sons, 
Tadhg and Breasal. 

31. Tadhg, or Teige O'Kelly, son of Donnchadh He was lord of Hy-Many for three 


years, and the twenty-sixth O' Kelly. He was succeeded in the chieftainship by his 
brother Breasal, who was the twenty-seventh O'Kelly, and chief of Hy-Many for seven 
years, and died in the year 1464. Teige married the daughter of Thomas Burke, of 
Moyne, or Moynecuilleagh, and had issue, 

32. Maelseachlainn, or Malachy O'Kelly It is stated by O'Farrell that he was the 

twenty-eighth O'Kelly, and lord of Hy-Many for twenty years, but according to the 
Four Masters he enjoyed that dignity only for twelve years, for he succeeded to the 
chieftainship in the year 1499, and died in 1511. He was one of the most celebrated of 
the chiefs of Hy-Many, and was the erector of the castles of Gallagh, Monivea, Garbh- 
dhoire, now corruptly called Gar bally. In the year 1499, we have already seen in treating 
of the family of O'Kelly of Athleague, that Mac William Burke, lord of Clanrickard, 
interposed between the rival candidates for the chieftainship of Hy-Many, and delivered 
the hostages of the territory up to this Maelseachlainn, of whom we now treat, who 
thereupon became sole prince, or arch-chief of Hy-Many. In the year 1 504, however, 
dissensions arose between him and Mac William Burke or De Burgo, of Clanrickard 
(Ulick the third), who invaded Hy-Many with a strong force of his followers, and de- 
stroyed O'Kelly's three recently built castles of Monivea, Gallagh, and Garbh-dhoire. 
After this O'Kelly repaired to the Lord Deputy, Garrett Earl of Kildare, and complained 
to him of the injury he had received from Mac William De Burgo. The Lord Deputy 
listened attentively to his remonstrance, and having had a previous cause of enmity to 
Mac William, who on a former occasion had interposed between the O' Kelly s and 
O'Conors, and set aside the arrangements which the Lord Deputy had previously 
made between them in the year 1499, immediately mustered a strong force, which he 
marched into Connaught to take revenge of De Burgo. On this occasion the Lord 
Deputy was joined by the principal chieftains of the north and west of Ireland, as 
O'Donnell, with all his dependant chiefs of Tirconnell ; O' Conor Roe; Mac Dermot, 
of Moylurg ; Art O'Neill, tanist of Tyrone ; Mac Mahon, lord of Oriel ; O'Hanlon, 
lord of Orior ; the son of Magennis, lord of Iveagh ; O'Reilly, of Breifney ; one of the 
O'Farrells, of Annaly ; the O'Kellys, of Hy-Many, and some of the Burkes. These 
numerous forces marched into Clanrickard, determined to crush its lord for his in- 
solence to the Lord Deputy, and the injuries he had inflicted on the lord of Hy-Many. 

Mac William De Burgo, who was aware of the movements of the Lord Deputy, was 
not idle in collecting his friends and relatives to resist this overwhelming force, and if 
we may believe some English accounts of this battle, he brought with him such a 
motley rabble of barefooted peasantry as never was seen, into Clanrickard, to oppose 
the Lord Deputy ; the testimony of the Annals of the Four Masters, however, is 
sufficient to show that they were by no means so motley a crowd as these accounts 



would have us believe. They were as follows : Turlogh, son of Teige O'Brien, lord 
of Thomond, and his brothers, with all their forces ; the Mac Namaras ; Mulroney 
O' Carroll, lord of Ely, with all his clans and dependant chieftains ; the O'Kennedys, 
of Ormond, and the Mac I-Briens, of Ara. When these forces had arrived in Clan- 
rickard, Mac William and O'Brien held a council of war, in which they, with the as- 
sent of all their chiefs, came to a spirited and brave resolution that they would neither 
submit nor give hostages to the Lord Deputy, but would come to a pitched battle with 
him at Cnoc Tuagh, now Knockdoe, eight miles to the north-east of Galway, and ac- 
cordingly a fierce engagement took place between them there, such as had not been 
fought in Ireland in latter times. The battle ended with the defeat of Mac William 
De Burgo and the chieftains of the south ; and the Lord Deputy, after having remained 
some days at Galway and Athenry, returned home, carrying with him as hostages the 
two sons and the daughter of Mac William De Burgo. 

This Maelseachlainn O'Kelly died in the year 1511, and his death is thus recorded 
in the Annals of the Four Masters : 

" A. D. 1511 O'Kelly (Maelseachlainn, the son of Tadhg, who was son of Donn- 
chadh, son of William, who was son of Donnchadh Muimhneach) died. He was a sup- 
porter of his territory, family, and friends, and a general patron of the learned and the 
poor. It was by him the castles of Gallach a , Garbh-doire b , and Muine an niheadha c , 
were erected." 

He married Mable, daughter of Teige Roe O'Kelly, of Callow, and sister of Sadhbh, 
or Sabina, wife of Ulick Burke Mac William Eighter, or the Lower, from whom the 
Earl of Mayo, and many other families of the Burkes, descended. He had issue, 

33. Tadhg Dubk, or Teige Duff, of Gallagh. He succeeded his father as chief of 
Hy-Many, and died, according to the Annals of the Four Masters, in 1513. He mar- 
ried, first, the daughter of Donogh O'Kelly, by whom he had one son, Aedh, or Hugh 
O'Kelly, lord abbot of Knockmoy ; and a daughter, Catherine, married to the Lord 
Bermingham. He married, secondly, Una, daughter of Mac Dermot, of Moylurg, and 
had issue William O'Kelly, of Mullaghmore, his successor (of whom presently), and 
Donnchadh O'Kelly, the founder of the family of Gallagh. Although his eldest son 
Hugh took holy orders, still he had sons, but whether before or after his ordination is 

not stated. His descendants, however, are now extinct. 


8 Gallach. See p. 19, Note f . tion of the ruins of this castle is still to be seen 

b Garbh-doire, now corruptly called Garbh- there. 

bhaile, and anglicised Garbally. It is the name c Muine an mheadha, i. e. Mead-hill, now an- 

of a townland in the parish of Moylough, barony glicised Monivea, a village in the parish of Moni- 

of Tiaquin, and county of Galway, and a por- vea, barony of Tiaquin, and county of Galway. 


34- William 0' Kelly, of Mullaghmore, son of Teige Duff. He succeeded his father 
as O' Kelly of Mullaghmore, but never became chief of Hy-Many. He married the 
daughter of Meyler Boy Bermingham, and had issue, i, Tadhg, or Teige O'Kelly, of 
Mullaghmore; and, 2, Melaghlin Balbh O'Kelly. The year of his death is not recorded 
by the four Masters. 

35. Tadhg, or Teige CPKeUy, of Mullaghmore, son of William It does not appear 
that he was ever acknowledged as chief or prince of Hy-Many, though, according 
to the Four Masters, he attended the parliament held in Dublin on the ist of May, 
A. D. 1585, as the chief O'Kelly, which looks very strange, as it appears from a docu- 
ment, dated 6th August, 1585, preserved in the Auditor General's Office, and already 
quoted in the Introductory Remarks to this tract, pp. 18, 19, 20, that Hugh O'Kelly, 
of Lisedalhone, was the O'Kelly, and that Teige Mac William O'Kelly, of Mullaghmore, 
was only competitor for the Tanistship. But the fact would appear to be that Hugh, 
the then O'Kelly, deputed Teige Mac William O'Kelly to attend this parliament, as know- 
ing the English tongue better than himself, as several others seem to have done. In 
the following record of the death of this Tadhg, or Teige, from the Annals of the Four 
Masters, he is not styled chief or lord of Hy-Many, which fact, coupled with the evi- 
dence already quoted, is sufficient to prove that he never attained to that dignity : 

"A. D. 1593 Tadhg, son of William, who was son of Tadhg Dubh O'Kelly, of 
Caladh, in Hy-Many, died, and his death was a cause of great lamentation in Hy- 

He married Sabina, the daughter of Thomas, son of Richard Og Burke, of Derry- 
maclaughny, and had issue Hugh Caech O'Kelly, John O'Kelly, and a daughter 
Cecilia, the wife of Edrnond Lord Athenry. 

36. Hugh Caoch O'Kelly, son of Teige He seems to be the Hugh O'Kelly men- 
tioned in Rot. Pat. 9 Jac I. p. 3, d. 53, loth of December 161 1 : " A pardon of In- 
trusion for all intrusions, alienations, &c., committed by Teige O'Kelly, Hugh O'Kelly, 
Shane O'Kelly, and Feagh O'Kelly as to the castle and quarter of Mullaghmore, Cor- 
negallaghe, Carunesier," &c. He married Margaret, the daughter of Redmond na 
Scuab Burke, and had issue, 

37. William O" 1 Kelly, of Mullaghmore He married the daughter of Conor na 

g-Cearbhach O'Kelly, of Gallagh, and had issue, 

38. Teige C? Kelly, of Mullaghmore, who married Cicely, the daughter of Sir John 
Burke, of Derrymaclaughny, and had issue, 

39. William 0' 'Kelly, of Mullaghmore, Esq., who married Martha, the daughter of 
Teige Caoch Kelly, of Fohanagh. This is the last generation given by O'Farrell, and 
it is therefore probable that William Kelly, Esq., of Mullaghmore, was cotemporary 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. p. R with 


with O'Farrell himself. The Editor, when he traversed Hy-Many in 1838, did not find 
any recognized representative of this distinguished branch of the O' Kelly s in the 
country, and he thinks it highly probable that the house is extinct See Introductory 
Eemarks, p. 1 8, Note d . 


It will be recollected that Tadhg, or Teige Dubh O'Kelly, of Gallagh (No. 33, 
supra), had, by Una, daughter of Mac Dermot, besides William O'Kelly, of Mullagh- 
more, Donnchadh, or Donogh O'Kelly, the founder of the family of Gallagh. 

34. Donnchadh Reagh (FKetty, of Gallagh He married Una, the daughter of John 

Eoe Burke, of Beamore, and had issue, 

35. Conchobhar na g-Cearbhach (or Conor of the Gamblers) O'Kelly of Gattagk 
From the document already quoted, p. 18, it appears that this Conchobhar, or Conor, 
who is there called Connor na Garroghe O'Kelly, of Gallaghe, was one of the sub-chiefs 
of Hy-Many, living in 1585 ; and from Patent Roll, 10 Jac. I. it appears that he died 
in, or shortly before the year 1612. He married Honora, daughter of Richard Boy 
O'Kelly, of Moat ; but put her away, and after having had a son and a daughter by 
another, he took her again, and had issue by her, Teige O'Kelly, of Gallagh, and five 
daughters, namely, I, Finola, wife of William O'Kelly, of Mullaghmore ; 2, Ineenduff, 
wife of William O'Kelly, of Clonuran ; 3, Benmumhan, wife of Melaghlin O'Kelly, of 
Moylough ; 4, Una ; and, 5, Cicely. 

36. Teige O* Kelly, of Gallagh, son of Conor. It appears from Patent Roll, 10 Jac. 
I. p. 4, d. 30, " That on the 2oth December, 1612, the wardship of Teige O'Kelly, son 
and heir of Cornelius, otherwise Connor Ne Garrogh O'Kelly, late of Gallagh, county 
Galway, Gentleman, deceased, was granted to Lady Ursula Bourke, widow of Sir Tho- 
mas Bourke, Knight, to rear him in the Protestant religion and English habits, and in 
Trinity College, Dublin, from the twelfth to the eighteenth year of his age." 

He married, first, Mary, daughter of Henry, son of Sir Hubert Burke, and had 
issue Donogh Reagh O'Kelly, of Gallagh. Secondly, he married Julia, daughter of 
Sir Dermot O'Shaughnessy, and had issue John O'Kelly, and a daughter Margaret, 
wife of Colonel Charles Kelly, ninth Lord of the manor of Screen, the author of Maca- 
rice Excidium. His son John Mac Teige O'Kelly married Anne, daughter of Dermot 
Daly, of KiUimor, Esq., and had issue Donogh O'Kelly. 

37. Donnchadh Reagh 0' Kelly, ofGattagh, son of Teige He married Eleanor, daugh- 
ter of Sir Ulick Burke, of Glinsk, Bart., and had issue, No. 38. It appears by a Pa- 
tent Roll, 10 Jac. I., that Donogh O'Kelly, of Gallagh, got a grant of the wardship of 
John O'Kelly, son and heir of Colla O'Kelly, of the manor and castle of Skryne ; but 



he could not be this Donogh, who was not born for many years after, nor was his 
father more than about twelve or fifteen years of age at that time. It does not ap- 
pear from the pedigrees who the Donogh mentioned in the Patent Roll is, unless he 
was Donogh Reagh O'Kelly, of Gallagh (No. 34, supra), whose son, Conor, was dead in 
1612 ; and who possibly might have lived to the period in question, though it does not 
seem probable ; at least if he did, he was more than a century old at the time, for his 
father, Teige Duff, chief of Hy-Many, died in 1513. 

38. Captain William G 1 Kelly, of Gallagh, son of Donogh Reagh He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Robert Dillon, of Clonbrock, Esq., and had issue, Conor, Festus 
(No. 39), Patrick, and Eleanor. Charles O'Conor states that he was living in 1688. 

39. Festus O" 1 Kelly, count of the Holy Roman Empire, married Joanna, daughter 
of John Dillon, of Kinclare, Esq., and had issue, i, Dillon John O'Kelly; and, 2, Conor 
(No. 40). Dillon John, according to his cotemporary, Charles O'Conor, was a captain in 
the Imperial Hungarian service in 1767, and afterwards count of the Holy Roman 
Empire, and was appointed ambassador from the Emperor of Germany to the court 
of Dresden. Charles O'Conor also states that this Dillon John married in Bohemia, in 
the year 1736, a German lady, Marian Comitissa de Klenowa, and Baronissa de Janouy 
Dowreur du Compte de Wittly. 

40. Conchobhar, or Conor G 1 Kelly, of Ticooly, married Margaret, daughter of John 
O'More, of Annabeg, Esq., and had issue Festus (No. 41), and John O'Kelly, and five 
daughters, Mary, Jane, Eliza, Anne, and Susanna. 

41. Festus O'Kelly, count of the Holy Roman Empire. 

42. Conchobhar, Cornelius, or Conor O'' Kelly, now living. He is by descent a count 
of the Holy Roman Empire, but does not assume the title. He has one brother Am- 
brose. He married a daughter of Walter Joyce, Esq., and has issue. 


This family descends from John O'Kelly, the second son of Teige O'Kelly (No. 35), 
of Mullaghmore. The pedigree is carried down to the beginning of the eighteenth 
century by O'Farrell, but they are now either extinct or so reduced that they are not 
able to trace their pedigree. 


This family, which was one of the most illustrious branches of the O'Kellys, de- 
scends from, 

30. William G 1 Kelly, the ninth son of Maeleachlainn (No. 29 in the Genealogical 
Table). This William, whose patrimonial inheritance was the territory now called the 

R 2 barony 

I2 4 

barony of Kilconnell, never attained to the chieftainship of Hy-Many, but he was a 
man of much wealth and influence, as appears by the following record of his death in 
the Annals of the Four Masters at the year 1420 : 

" A. D. 1420, William, the son of Maelseachlainn, who was son of William O'Kelly, 
a man of great prosperity and dexterity at arms, died after the victory of Unction and 

He had issue, I, Aedh, or Hugh, na Coille. 2, Maeleachlainn. 3, Tadhg Caoch. 

31. Aedh, or Hugh na Coille, son of William. He succeeded Hugh, son of Brian, 
the ancestor of O'Kelly, of Athleague, as chief of Hy-Many. O'Farrell states that he 
was O'Kelly for twenty years, but this cannot be true, as his predecessor, Hugh, died 
in 1467, and he died himself in 1469, as we are informed by the Four Masters : 

" A. D. 1469 Aedh, the son of William O'Kelly, lord of Hy-Many, the most 

eminent man in Ireland for hospitality, and one who had never refused the countenance 
of man, was treacherously slain by the descendants of Donnchadh O'Kelly, viz., by the 
sons of Breasal, and Tadhg, the son of Donnchadh, on Shrove Monday, the second day 
before the festival of St. Berach. After his death two O'Kellys were appointed, namely, 
William, son of Hugh, son of Brian, and Tadhg Caoch, the son of William, son of 
Maeleachlainn O'Kelly." 

He married Catherine, the daughter of Meyler Burke, of Shruile, and had issue 
Domhnall, or Daniel. 

32. Domhnall, or Daniel 0' "Kelly, son of Hugh O'Farrell states that he was the 
thirty-first O'Kelly, and chief of Hy-Many for fifteen years, but no mention of him is 
found in the Irish Annals. He married Catherine, the daughter of Ulick Burke, lord 
of Clanrickard, and had issue Cellach, his successor, and a daughter Finola, the 
wife of Domhnall a bharca O'Kelly. 

33. Cellach O'Kelly, son of Domhnall. He is called by O'Farrell thirty-second 
O'Kelly, and was chief for one year ; but no notice of him is preserved by the Four 
Masters. He married Julia, the daughter of Teige Duff O'Kelly, of Gallagh ; and had 
issue Ferdoragh, his successor, and Hugh O'Kelly, chief of Hy-Many, who died 
without issue male. 

34. Ferdoragh, or Ferdinand, O^Ketty. He was the thirty-third, or, according to 
Charles O'Conor, the thirty-fifth O'Kelly, and the last member of the house of Aughrim 
who attained to the chieftainship of Hy-Many. He married, first, Catherine Coog, or 
Mac Hugo, by whom he had issue four daughters ; and, secondly, Julia, the daughter 
of John na Scuab Mac Coghlan, by whom he had his successor, 

3.5. Maeleachlainn, or Malachy, O" 1 Kelly, of Aughrim He married Honora, the 
daughter of John Burke, of Cloghrourke, and had issue Teige and Brian. 


36. Teige 0" Kelly, of Aughrim, married Honora, the daughter of Sir William Burke, 
and had, 

37. Cettach G 1 Kelly, of Aughrim He was killed in the wars of 1641. Charles 
O'Conor states that before his death he sent a formal deputation to John Kelly, of 
Clonlyon, devolving to him all his right to the ancient honours of O'Kelly See 
p. 115, supra. 

36. Brian O'Kelly, the second son of Maeleachlainn (No. 35), married Honora 
Kennedy, and had issue, 

37. Tadhg O* Kelly, who took possession of Aughrim on the death of his cousin- 
german, Cellach. He married Mary, the daughter of William O'Fallon, and had issue, 

38. Maeleachlainn, or Malachy O* Kelly, of Aughrim, who was living in 1688. 
The head of this branch of the O' Kelly s is said to have followed the fortune of king 

James II. The Countess of Marcolini was the last survivor of this house ; she was 
the sister of the last O'Kelly, of Aughrim ; her husband, Count Marcolini, an Italian, 
was prime minister to the Elector of Saxony, a short time previous to the French Re- 

This was another distinguished branch of the O'Kellys descending from, 

31. Maeleachlainn O* Kelly, the brother of Aedh, or Hugh na Coille O'Kelly, of 
Aughrim, of whom we have already treated. He had issue one son, 

32. Teige Roe O 1 Kelly, of Callow. He married Raghnailt Ny-Brien, with whom 
the O'Dalys first came into Connaught from Finnivara, in the barony of Burren, and 
county of Clare, where they had been for ages as poets to the O'Loughlins, of Burren. 
He had issue two sons, Donnchadh Roe and William. The pedigree is carried by 
O'Farrell from this Donnchadh Roe, for four generations, down to Edmond Dorcha 
O'Kelly, of Callow ; but the family is believed to be now extinct, and nothing is 
known of these descendants but their names. 


The next branch of the O'Kellys, in point of seniority to that of the house of 
Callow, is that of Pobal Caoch, or Pobal an Chaoich, the name of a district lying around 
Clonbrock, Clogher, &c. This family descends from Tadhg, or Teige Caoch O'Kelly, 
third son of William O'Kelly, of Aughrim (No. 30, supra). This Tadhg Caoch be- 
came chief of half Hy-Many in 1469. He built the castle of Clonbrock, and died in 
the year 1486, in the habit of the order of St. Francis, as we learn from the Annals 
of the Four Masters. He had issue two sons, Conor and William. 



32. Conor 0^ Kelly, ofClogher, son of Tadhg Caoch He built, or rather enlarged, 
the castle of Clogher, which was the seat of his descendants for several generations. 
He is mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters at the year 1487, where it is stated 
that he was treacherously taken prisoner by Tadhg, or Teige, the son of Maelseach- 
lainn O'Kelly. He married EUen, the daughter of Teige Duff O'.Kelly, of Gallagh, 
and had issue, 

33. Daniel a bharca The pedigree of this distinguished branch is carried down 
by O'Farrell for five generations more. The Editor has not been able to ascertain 
whether there is now any living representative of this family. 

There are minor branches, whose pedigrees are carried down by O'Farrell to the 
beginning of the eighteenth century, but as we have no dates or historical facts 
connected with them it would be useless to insert them here. I shall, however, 
give a list of the names of their residences in the order of their descent. They are as 
follows : 











The family of Beallagh produced two chiefs of all Hy-Many, viz., i, Ruaidhri na 
Maor (son of Mahon, son of Eoghan Finn, son of Domhnall Mor), and, 2, his son 
Donnchadh. This Ruaidhri (No. 28) was seventeenth O'Kelly, and chief for three 
years, and was slain by Cathal, son of Hugh O'Conor, in 1339. He married, first, 
Mor, daughter of William Liath Mac William, of Clanrickard, and had issue Donnchadh, 
twentieth O'Kelly, chief of Hy-Many for four years ; and, secondly, the daughter of 
O'Conor Faly, by whom he had Domhnall, tanist of Hy-Many, who died in 1364, and 

who descend from Donnchadh, twentieth O'Kelly, just mentioned. 

29. Donnchadh, twentieth } Kelly, son of Ruaidhri na Maor, had issue Ruaidhri and 



Eoghan. The descendants of the former are traced by O'Farrell for eight generations, 
but without mentioning their place of residence. 

30. Eoghan O* Kelly, second son of Donnchadh, married a daughter of O'Madden. 

31. Ruaidhri O* Kelly, son of the preceding Eoghan, had, 

32. Shane, or John Na Moy CfKelly In the document, dated 1585, already quoted, 
p. 1 8, sq. he is called Shane ne Moye O' Kelly of the Criaghe, Generosus. His race 
continued for four generations, viz., 33, Rory ; 34, Daniel ; 35, Owen ; 36, Rory ; 
but the Editor is unable to say whether it has now a living representative. He gives 
this line in the hope that his descendants, if extant, may be connected with history. 


This family descends from Lochlainn, the third son of Donnchadh, the twentieth 
O'Kelly, above mentioned (No. 29), but the Editor believes that they are now extinct. 


This family descends from Domhnall, or Daniel O'Kelly (son of Ruaidhri na Maor, 
seventeenth O'Kelly), tanist of Hy-Many, who died in 1364. He had a son, 

30. Tadhg WKeUy, a famous champion, who was chief O'Kelly for four years, and 
built a castle at Ballinasloe ; but not Dunlo Castle there, which was built by Conor 
Moenmoy O' Conor. He had issue, 

31. Tadhg Og O* Kelly, who was elected chief of Hy-Many (nineteenth O'Kelly), 
and, after having enjoyed that dignity for the short period of three days, he died. He 
had three sons, who continued his race for seven generations, as will be seen in the 
annexed Table which is given from O'Farrell: 

29. Daniel O'Kelly, Tanist of Hy-Many, who died 

30. Teij 
31. Tei{ 

in 1364. 
;e O'Kelly, who built Ballinasloe Castle. 
;e Oge, nineteenth O'Kelly. 

32. Daniel. 

33. John. 
34. Hugh. 
35. Teige. 
36. Owen. 

32. Mel 
33. Fen 
34. Tei{ 
35. Hug 
36. Fen 

ighlin. 32. Rory. 

.dhach. 33. Colla. 
56. 34. Bresal. 
h. 35. Teige. 
idhach. 36. James. 
;e, a priest. 37. Colla Kelly. 

38. Teige Kelly, of Ballinasloe, a friar. 

This family is believed to be extinct. 




This famous branch of the O'Kellys descends from Lochlainn O'Kelly, the third 
son of Domhnall Mor, who was son of Tadhg Tailltenn (Nos. 24, 25, supra). 

26. Lochlainn O'Kelly, son of Domhnall Mor. 

27. Aedh, or Hugh OP Kelly, ancestor of Kelly, of Claddagh and Lavally, near Dun- 
more. He had three sons : i, William ; 2, Daniel, who built the castle of Clunybryn, 
now Clonbeirne ; 3, Murtogh, of whom presently. 

28. William O'Kelly had issue two sons, Rory, and John O'Kelly, who was arch- 
deacon to Murtogh O'Kelly, Archbishop of Tuam. 

29. Rory, or Roger O'Kelly, had issue, 

30. Thomas O'Kelly, who had, 

31. Diarmaid Maol, or the Bold 0' ] Kelly, ancestor of the Sliocht Diarmada. He 

32. Edmond O'Kelly, who had, 

33. William O'Kelly, who built the castles of Cluain Cuill and Lavally, to the 
north-east of Tuam, and also, 2, Melaghlin O'Kelly, who built the castle of Bearna 
Dhearg ; and, 3, Colla O'Kelly, who built the castle of Clonierin, all lying in the same 
neighbourhood. For their situation see Map. He had issue, 

34. Hugh O'Kelly, and Thomas, of Cluain Cuill. Hugh had issue, 

35. Ferdoragh, or Ferdinand O'Kelly, and Edmond. Ferdoragh had issue, 

36. Hugh O'Kelly, who had issue, . 

37. John Kelly, of Lavally, who married the daughter of William Egan. 

We now return to Murtogh, the third son of Hugh (No 27, supra). He had a son, 

29. Thomas Roe O'Kelly, a man of great wealth and celebrity in his time, who 
built a fine tomb for his family in the abbey of Dunmore, eight miles north of Tuam. 
He had, 

30. Edmond Caoch O'Kelly, who had two sons, Aedh, or Hugh and Edmond Oge, 
of Doonbolgan. 

31. Aedh, or Hugh O'Kelly, who built the castle of Claddagh, lying to north-east 
of Tuam, of which a very lofty fragment still remains. He had, 

32. Hugh Oge O'Kelly, who had, 

33. William O'Kelly, of Claddagh, who had issue, 

34. John O'Kelly ; 2, Melaghlin; and, 3, Fiach, a priest. 



Colla O'Kelly, the son of William (No. 33, supra), who built the castles of Cluain 
Cuill and Lavally had a son Hugh, who had a son Teige, who had a son Ferdinand, who 
had two sons, namely, i, Edmond O'Kelly, who married Honora Ny Heyne ; and, 
2, Teige O'Kelly. 

Melaghlin, the son of the same William (No. 33), had a son Edmond, who had 
Edmond Oge, who had a son Melaghlin Keagh, of Bearna Dhearg ; who had Hugh 
O'Kelly, of Bearna Dhearg. 

Notwithstanding the wealth and celebrity of this family before Cromwell's time, 
they seem to be all either extinct or reduced at present. 

The arms at present borne by the Kellys, or O'Kellys, are, Azure, a castle with 
three towers between two lions encountering rampant, argent, the lions chained and 
colletted, or. O'Kelly, of Ticooly, has the field gules and the lions unchained. 

CREST On a wreath an Enfield, stataut, vert, with a bushy tail turned over the 
back. This animal is sculptured on many old tombstones of the O'Kelly family in 
the abbey of Kilconnell, and the old church of Cloonkeen. 


NOTE B. Seepage 18. 

The pedigree of this family having never been published or properly illustrated, 
the Editor hopes he will be pardoned for dwelling upon it here more than a subject of 
such local nature would seem to merit. 

The Irish MSS. differ materially in giving this pedigree, and it is not easy to decide 
which is the most correct ; but the Editor feels disposed to receive the authority of 
the poem addressed to .Eoghan O'Madden, often already alluded to, which reckons 
nineteen generations from that Eoghan up to his great ancestor Eoghan Buac. The 
following lines from this poem are well worth quoting : 

*' Sil Gojam 6uaic, in bpandn, "The progeny of Eoghan Buac the hero, 
Clann-riicticne mop maouoan ; Are the great race of Madudan a ; 
Yeoman ip peapp oo'n aicme And the best lion of that people 
6ojan, ceano na clannriiaicne. Is Eoghan, head of the tribe. 
Q meic TTlupcfiaio TTluii pino, O son of Murchadh of Magh Finn b , 
Ip cu in c-Bojan 65 cnpthim, Thou art the young Eoghan I mention, 
Q leomain peanj na ppian m-boc, Thou slender lion of loose bridles, 
__ What 

The race of Madudan, i. e. the O'Mad- b Magh Finn, now Keogh's country, in the barony of 

dens. Athlone. See Map. 



Cap b'peapp Gojan piarii poriiuo ? 

Naei pip oej DO jlepi jlan, 

Uaio 50 h-Sojan m-6uac m-blao- 


t)a biao 'p jan 6ojan o'aipuh, 
Q Ueoriiam pial, popbdilio. 
TTloppepiup oib pin co pe 
t)o jab ceannup clano TTlane, 
Cuippio cu in c-occrhao oppa, 
Ct cnu polc-jlan 6acpoma ! 
t)ual DUIO h-1 domain ic' lairii, 
Dual ouic TTluincip TTlaelpinnain, 
tDuraij DUIC TTIaj paippinj pmo, 
^o ^laiplmo oap nh-aen-cmo. 
t)ucaij ouio Uip TTldini ITIdip, 
Ocup TDao ITlain, mic Umoip, 
Ip po-maj map maj m-6uili 
t)o jab Sooun Salbuioi. 
^an caill, jan monam, jan maj, 
^an abano, jan loc Imo-jlun, 
^an cuan o Capaio 50 5r^ in 
Mac oual DOC ajaio oij-p6i6." 

What Eoghan was ever better before ? 
Nineteen men of bright distinction, 
From thee to Eoghan Buac, the famous, 

Is the exact number, not reckoning Eoghan, 

generous, chearful lion. 
Seven of these hitherto 

Have assumed the headship of the race of Maine 6 , 

1 will add thee as the eighth to them 
O fine-haired nut of Eachruim d 1 

Due to thee are the Hy-Lomain e in thy hand f , 
Due to thee are the Muinter-Maelfinnain 8 , 
Hereditary to thee is the spacious Magh-Finn, 
As far as Glaislinn h , which is its limit. 
Hereditary to thee is the land of Maine Mor', 
And the plain of Maen, son of UmorJ, 
And the great plain, like the plain of Buil k , 
Possessed by Sodun Salbhuidhi 1 . 
There is not a wood, nor bog, nor plain, 
Not a river, nor bright-pooled lake, 
Not a harbour from Caradh to Grian, 
Which is not due to thee, O tranquil-faced 

. See Introductory 

youth 1" 

These generations are given by name in another poem addressed to the same 
Eoghan O'Madden, preserved in an ancient vellum MS. in the Library of Trinity College, 


' Land of Maine Mor, i. e. the lands in Connaught 
acquired by Maine Mor, the great ancestor of all the 
Hy-Many, to which lands his descendants added some 
districts wrested from time to time from tribes of a 
different race. 

J Plain of Maen, i. e. Maenmagh, for the situa- 
tion of which see p. 70, Note *. 

k Plain ofBnil,novr the plain of Boyle, in the county 
of Roscommon, through which the river Boyle flows. 

1 Plain of Sodun Salbhuidhe. This was O'Mannin's 
country. See Map, and p. 72, Note d . 

m Caradh to Grian See p. 66, Note ". 

c Seven of these, 8fc. 
Remarks, p. 17. 

d Eachruim, more correctly Eachdhruim, 
now Aughrim, near Ballinasloe See Map. 

e Hy-Lomain. See p. 34, Note c . 

f In thy hand, \. e. in thy possession, a 
very common idiom in the Irish language. 

6 Muinter Maelfinnain. See p. 85, Note f . 

h Glaislinn. The situation of this place 
is unknown to the Editor. There was a 
pool or inlet of the Shannon at Clonmac- 
noise, formerly bearing this name, but it 
could hardly be the locality here referred to. 

Dublin (H. 2. 7.), and as there is less liability to mistakes of transcribers when names 
of generations are thrown into a metrical series, than when given in a mere column, 
the Editor thinks it safer to receive the authority of this poem than that of any mere 
list given in the modern MSS. In a paper MS. preserved in the same Library 
(H. i. 15. p. 865.), the pedigrees of many branches of the Hy-Many are given in metre, 
but, by some unaccountable blunder, that of O'Madden is utterly false. It runs as 
follows : " Cathal, son of Madagan Mor, son of Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, son of 
Maoileachlainn, son of Murchadh, son of Amhlaoibh, son of Ruaidhri, son of Gadhra, 
son of Eoghan, son of Madagan, son of Gadhra, son of Dunadhach, son of Gadhra, 
&c. ;" and even Duald Mac Firbis himself, who was a very faithful and judicious com- 
piler of Irish pedigrees, has, in the pedigree of O'Madden, inserted several apocryphal 
generations, and omitted several genuine ones. He gives the pedigree of Eoghan 
O'Madden, chief of Siol-Anmchadha, Avho died in 1411, and who was the grandson of 
the celebrated Eoghan (to whom the poem above referred to, as preserved in the Book 
of Hy-Many, was addressed), as follows : " Eoghan, son of Murchadh, son of Eoghan, 
son of Murchadh, son of Cathal, son of Madagan Mor, son of Diarmaid, son of Mada- 
gan Reamhar" [two generations omitted here, namely, Diarmaid and Madagan] " son 
of Gadhra, son of Dunadhach, son of Diarmaid, son of Aodh, son of Oilioll" [four ge- 
nerations interpolated here], " son of Dunadhach, son of Cobhthach, son of Maelduin, 
son of Dungalach, son of Anmchadh, son of Eoghan Buac." Genealogical MS. p. 327. 

The poem addressed to Eoghan O'Madden gives the pedigree as follows, from 
Eoghan Buac down to Madudan, the progenitor of the O'Maddens : 
" Gnmcao, mac Bojain 6uaic buij "Anmchadh was son of generous Eoghan Buac, 
Q oa mac ouno na oeapmaio His two sons are not by us forgotten, 

iDonogalac paep lino 'n ap laio Donngalach thenoblebyusse^o^winourpoem, 

Ocup Geo PIMO a Popmail. And Aedh Finn of Formail. 

TTlac tDonojalai j na rpeap ce Son of Donngalach of hot conflicts 

TTlaelouin pa oijaino aicme, Was Maelduin of great descendants, 

t)'dp mac Cobcac 6 >pem jil, To whom Cobhthach of bright Grian, was son, 

Slac pern na cpom car-copa 6. A smooth sapling of heavy battle acquisitions. 

ITIac DO tDunaoac Saomo Son to him was Dunadhach of Sadinn, 

Cpi meic aije, map aipminn, Who had three \_younger~\ sons, as I reckon, 

Upiup peappac rap nac puacc pi, Three intelligent sons, over whom no king 


Upeapac, ip "Ruapj, ip Ruaiopi. Treasach, and Ruarg, and Ruaidhri. 

Sil Cpeapaij, mic Gnmcaio p ino ? The race of Treasach, descendant of fair Anm- 
S 2 Are 


TTIumcip Cpeapaij, map euipmim, 
1 Upeapaij linni ap a lop, 
t)a leapaij pinni a peancop. 
TTIac Ounaoaij Comjpeac luar, 

t)'dp mac ^ajpa na n-jeal-cuac, 
^ajpa pial jlan plae 50 n-ac 
D'ap oaj-mac oian Dunaoac. 
t)o jab o ^hpein 50 Capam 
^aopa mop, mac t)una6aij, 
Slar ou nac capla culan 

o'dp mac TTIaouoan." 

Are the Muinter-Treasaigh, as I reckon, 
The O'Treasys are therefore by us mentioned, 
We have cultivated their history. 
Eldest son of Dunadhach was Loingseach the 


Whose son was Gadhra of the bright goblets, 
Gadhra, the generous, a fair scion of prosperity, 
Whose vigorous good son was Dunadhach. 
Of the region extending from Grian to Caradh 
Gadhra Mor, son of Dunadhach, took possession, 
A scion in which no knot was found 
Was Gadhra whose son was Madudan." 

After this the bard goes on to give a list of the princes or arch-chieftains of all 
Hy-Many, as already quoted in the Introductory Remarks to this tract, pp. 14 to 17, 
and after having carried the series from Maine Mor down to Tadhg Mor, the son of 
Murchadh O'Kelly, who fell in the Battle of Brian (i. e. the battle of Clontarf, fought 
A. D. 1014), " like a wolf-dog pursuing the men of Denmark," he takes up the pedi- 
gree of O'Madden again, and proceeds as follows : 

" Gadhra assumed, after him [Dunadhach], 
The chieftainship of Hy-Many with great valour; 
Twelve years was this fair griffin 
King before his death. 
Son to Gadhra of the soft aspect 
Was Madudan, to whom Diarmaid was son, 
A rod who ruled each road 
Was Diarmaid, whose son was Madudan. 
To Madudan, I explain to thee, 
Another Diarmaid was son again, 
An assertion without weakness or error, 
Madudan Mor was his son. 
Son to this Madudan Mor 
Was Cathal, head of the noble hosts, 
Son to Cathal, the fair hero, 
Was Murchadh, scion of Achadh Muca. 
Son of Murchadh of Magh Bealaigh 
Is Eoghan, head of his tribe, 
It is just to mention this Eoghan here, 
Let us follow up the panegyric of this lion." 


DO 5 a ' ina 
13 151 O'TTIaini 50 moip-jliaio ; 

t)a bliaoam oa'n jpib jil 
'Na pij p6 11-65 an F'P P n - 
TTIac oo <5 a oT a DO ' n 5 nu T m-buic 
maouoan, o'dp mac tDiapmaio, 
In c-plac piajlaio jac pooum, 
t)iapmaio o'dp mac ITIaouoan. 
TTlaouDdn, mmijim ouic, 
TTIac aiptp oo pern Diapmuir, 
^lop jan lacupdn, jan leim, 
TTIaouoan TTlop a mac pein. 
TTIac oo'n TTIaouoan TTlop pin 
Carol ceano na paep ploj pain, 
TTIac Cacail, cui ca n-glan, 
Slac Qcaio Tlluca, TTIupchaa 
TTIac TTlupcaio TTIuiji 6ealaij 
Gojan, ceano a cmeuoaij, 
Coip luao in Gojam peo ano, 
t)uan in leorham pea leanam." 


The bard then bestows the most unqualified praise on his patron Eoghan O'Mad- 
den, whom he compares to his ancestors and predecessors, Anmchadh, Cobhthach, 
Oilioll, Gadhra Mor, Madudan Mor, and Cathal, his grandfather. He is then de- 
scribed as a man with the courage of a true lion, the Lion of Birra [Birr], with the 
venom of the serpent, the Hawk of the Shannon, a Tower which defends the frontiers, 
a Griffin of the race of Conn of the Hundred Battles, a large man of slender body, with 
a skin like the blossom of the apple trees, with brown eye-brows, black curling hair, 
long fingers, and a cheek like the cherries. 

The bard then speaks of the noble descent of this chieftain's mother, Mairsilin, or 
Marcella, the daughter of Eoghan O'Kelly, and next mentions the daughter of Red- 
mond, a woman of purest English descent, whose pedigree he could trace up to Wil- 
liam [Fitz- Adelm ?]. She was probably one of the De Burgos of Connaught, and the 
wife of Eoghan O'Madden, but this is not stated. He also mentions several members 
of the chieftain's family, but it does not appear clearly who they were, except his 
brothers Amhlaibh, [i. e. Amlaff, or Awley], and Maeleachlainn. 

According to this poem the number of generations from Eoghan O'Madden up to 
Eoghan Buac, both included, is eighteen, but the other poem states distinctly that 
the number is nineteen, not reckoning Eoghan Buac, so that two generations seem to 
be omitted in the latter poem. As, however it is the oldest, and apparently the most 
correct pedigree of O'Madden, the Editor has adopted the series furnished by it with- 
out hesitation, leaving the subject to be hereafter further considered if ever the Book 
of Hy-Many should become accessible. It is but right, however, here to observe, 
that the genealogical series furnished by this poem perfectly agrees with the series 
given in a prose tract preserved in the same MS., in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, and which was written in the life-time of the same Eoghan O'Madden, as far 
as the series is carried up in the latter, namely, from Eoghan O'Madden, who died in 
1347, up to Gadhra Mor, prince of all Hy-Many, who was slain in 1027. As this 
tract is one of the most curious fragments of modern Irish history which has de- 
scended to our times, and throws much important light on the pedigree of O'Madden, 
the Editor thinks no apology necessary for giving the entire of it here as it stands in 
the original, with a closely literal translation : 

" Ri peio, min, mop, cium, cpuaio, "There is a tranquil, benign, great, 
bmo, boj, Dian, oeap-pei6, pij-peio, meek, hardy, sweet-voiced, generous, ve- 
ocup 'p e in pig pin paioim, Din, Gojan hement, fair-mild, regal-mild king [over 
uapal, aipm-neiTvmeac, mac ITIupcaio the Siol Anmchadha\, and this king I men- 
mop- jorcnj, meic Carail cpeac-beooa, tion is the noble, weapon - venomous 
meic rnuouodin mop-ouapcnj, meic Eoghan, son of the loud-voiced Murchadh, 



t)iapmaoa oeap-juimj, mic ITlaouoain 
impaicij, meic tDiapmaoa opeac-alamo, 
mic rnaouoam mop-pocpaio, mic ^ajpa 
jebennaig. Ocup ip e in ^yijpa jpoo- 
pua^ac pin pa jab piji pa oepeo, oin, 
o'd pini ap in cpian pa in cuijspo calao- 
peio, .1. o 5P^ In 5 pmn-pleibcij ju jeal 
Chapaio ; ocup o aimpip in Jyjjpa ^lic- 
paicij pin gup an ainipip pa Gojain aca 
in cpfc 'na cuibpeanoaib gan aen pij 
uippi 05 a h-opou^ao ; ocup caimj 
ceiom, pe h-aijio na h-amipeioi pin, oa 
na h-upijaib, ocup oa n-eipio uili jan 
arhpap eoip bpuacaib ocup boilcpean- 
aib, .1. jail! cap jlap-muipib o'd jpoc- 
gabail, ocup ju cuj maiom aen lai 6 
na h-allmapucuib pin ap a h-aipo-pij 
jana h-iapmopacc, .1. maiom i uairpio 

son of the lively-preying Catlial, son of 
the munificent Madudan, son of the ex- 
pertly-wounding Diarmaid, son of the re- 
nowned Madudan, son of the bright-faced 
Diarmaid, son of the affluent Madudan, 
son of the fettering Gadhra. And this 
rapid-routing Gadhra was the last of his 
tribe who had dominion over this third of 
the province of smooth callows", viz., over 
that region extending from the River 
Grian, in the peaked mountains , to the 
bright Caradh p ; and from the time of 
this wise-speaking Gadhra to this time of 
Eoghan, this country [Ireland] has been 
divided without any sole monarch to 
govern it ; and a plague arrived to bring 
about this disunion among all the chiefs 
and sub-chiefs, whether seated on the 


n Callows, calao, in Hy -Many signifies aflat, 
green field or meadow, on the brink of a river or 
lake ; but in the south of Ireland it means a ferry, 
or landing place for boats. 

The River Grian, in the peaked mountains, 
i. e. the river which falls into Lough Graney, in 
the barony of Tullagh, and county of Clare. It 
rises in the mountainous district of Sliabh Echt- 
ghe, and discharges itself into Lough Derg, near 
the little town of Scarriff. See Map. Bryan 
Merriman, an Irish poet who lived near this river, 
in the last century, describes the scenery of the 
district in the following lines : 

t)o jealao mo cpoioe cpa cfjinn Coc 


Qn calarii 'p a cfp a'p aoip na ppeipe ; 
6a caicneariiac, aoiBinn puioiujao na 

Gig bajaipc a 5-0 inn cap opuim a ceile. 

" My heart was wont to brighten as I viewed 

Loch Greine, 

The land, the country, and the aspect of the sky ; 
Pleasant and delightful the situation of the moun- 
Threatening their heads over each other." 

p Caradh. All authorities agree that the 
principality of Hy-Many extended from Grian to 
Caradh, but the situation of the latter has never 
been pointed out. It is highly probable that as 
the whole of the mountain of Sliabh Badhna (now 
Slieve Baune) appears to have originally belonged 
to Hy-Many, Caradh, the place so often referred 
to as the northern limit of the territory, is that 
which is now called Caradh na d-Tuath, or Car- 
ranadoo Bridge, in the barony of Ballintober, 
East ; but this has been for ages many miles north 
of the acknowledged boundary of Hy-Many, it be- 
ing the northern boundary of O'Hanly's country. 


ap laec-Ruaiopi, ju paBaoap ^aioil ip 
na jall-jebenaib pin jan eipgi o'd n-all- 
mapcaib, cuij bliaona ap peace piccib 

Ocup pa b'lao pa plairi na peapano 
pa an pao pin, .1. ITIaouoan TDop mac 
Oiapmaoa ap a leir oeipcepcaij o'd 
oucaij 05 Dea^-opou^aD ; ocup TTlael- 
peachlamo ana oeajaio pe oenup pa 
oeij-p;cdm, ocup Carol, mac ITIaou- 
oain ju mop-reupoaiB, nac paibi 'na 
pij-aimpip eineac bao upopucu ma 01- 
peajoacc. Ocup TTlupcao, a mac, ana 
oeajaio, ju n-oeagaio o'd oeom ap a 
oeij-piji ju Roim, 6 pfj-peapanup gopc 
i maim a amm oo'n cnpo-pi jan ariiapap, 
ocup a copp a peilij peoaip ipa' ppim- 
cairip. Ocup nip B'mjnab Goj-un, a 
apo-mac oa pap ma mao pein map o' 
dpapcap, 50 paibi [? 50 b'-puil] pici blia- 
oam a m-blair-piji, gun buaiopiuo ap 
a conac o caijcpicaib, ocup jan cpae- 
rao a cuar 6 rijeapnaoaib. 

borders or in the centre, namely, foreigners 
came over the green seas to seize upon it, 
and these foreigners gained one day's vic- 
tory, which prepared the way for their 
conquest, namely, the victory of Leithridh 
over the heroic Eoderic, so that the Gaels 
remained under the yoke of the foreign- 
ers for a period of five above seven score 
bright years q . 

Now the following were the chiefs of this 
territory during this period, viz., Madudan 
Mor, the son of Diarmaid, who ruled justly 
over the southern half of his native prin- 
cipality ; after him ruled Maelseachlainn 
in good peace, and next came Cathal, son 
of Madudan, who was a man of so great re- 
pute, that there was not during his reign 
any one more illustrious for hospitality and 
munificence. To him succeeded his son 
Murchadh, but he resigned the chieftain- 
ship of his own accord, and went away, 
from royal rule over lands, to Home, to re- 
sign his soul to the Supreme King, and his 
body to the cemetery of St. Peter in the 
chief city. And it was no wonder that his 
great son Eoghan should flourish in his 
place, as he has flourished, for he was pias 
been ?] twenty years r in the famed chief- 
tainship undisturbed in his prosperity by 
his neighbours, and his country not op- 
pressed by lords. 


q A period of five above seven score years, i. e. 
one hundred and forty-five years, that is, from the 
year 1170, when the first English adventurers 
landed in Ireland to 1315, when Edward Bruce 
landed in Ulster with a fleet of three hundred 
ships, at which period the native Irish chieftains 

made powerful efforts at recovering their original 
independence. This clearly settles the period at 
which Eoghan O'Madden, the hero of this tract, 

r For he has been twenty years in the famed 
chieftainship This would seem to show that the 

i 3 6 

)Up ab ap in epar pin ranjaoap all- 
mapaij Qlbcmca pab anuaipli naic ap 
n-allmapaij-m ; uaip pajempeoap pmn- 
piga na Poclu pa pa na plae-jallaib pin 
pa h-apo cijeapnaoa opainoi, ocup cuj- 
pac a n-jalloacc ap jlan-aignean, ocup 
a n-oupoacc ap oeij-bepaiB, ocup a 
m-bupbu ap bino-rhim, ocup paimlaipec 
ap aemeac a n-ampiapoacc. ^up ab 
uimi pin pa b'ejoip o'ap n-uaiplib-ni 
aencuciiD le h-allmapacaib pab' an- 
uaipli na in peaoain pin, ap aicpip na 

And in his time Scottish foreigners 5 less 
noble than our own foreigners 1 arrived ; 
for the old chieftains of Erin prospered 
tinder those princely English lords, who 
were our chief rulers, and who had given 
up their foreignness for a pure mind, their 
surliness for good manners", and their 
stubbornness for sweet mildness, and who 
had given up their perverseness for hos- 
pitality. Wherefore it was unjust in our 
nobility v to side with foreigners who were 
less noble than these, in imitation of the 


above historical notice of the O'Maddens was 
written either after Eoghan's death, which oc- 
curred in 1347, or after he had resigned the 

* Scottish foreigners This alludes to Edward, 
son of Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick (and bro- 
ther of Robert king of Scotland), who landed 
with a fleet of three hundred ships in the north 
of Ulster, A. D. 1315. 

* Less noble than our own foreigners, that is, 
than the Anglo-Norman Irish Earls, Barons, &c., 
whose ancestors came to Ireland nearly a century 
and a half earlier. From this it can be gathered 
that the writer of this tract was on good terms 
with the English of Connaught, and perhaps in 
their pay. The Irish chieftains, in their remon- 
strance to Pope John XXII. have expressed 
quite different opinions on this subject ; they told 
his Holiness that the English, who inhabited Ire- 
land, could, with the greatest propriety, be styled 
a nation of extreme perfidiousness ; and that, in 
order to shake off entirely their detestable yoke, 
and recover their own native liberty, they then in- 
vited the gallant Edward Bruce, to whom, as being 
descended from their " most noble ancestors, they 
would transfer their own right of royal dominion." 

But it would appear from the conduct of Bruce 
while in Ireland, that, had he succeeded, he would 
not have turned out more tolerant to the native 
Irish than the Earl of Ulster. On his arrival, 
however, the Irish of the north were inspired 
with so much courage, that they succeeded in a 
short time in totally emancipating themselves from 
the control of the Anglo-Irish Earls, and from the 
death of the Earl of Ulster in 1333, down to the 
reign of James I., the chiefs of Ulster, as O'Neill, 
O'Donnell, O'Kane, Maguire, Mac Mahon, Ma- 
gennis, O'Hanlon, remained entirely free from the 
dominion of the Anglo-Norman chieftains of Ire- 

u Their surliness for good manners This is an 

extraordinary instance of national prejudice, and 
well worthy of consideration. The English 
writers, on the other hand, speak of the " dege- 
neracy" of the Anglo-Irish, whom they designate 
as " ipsis Hibernis Hiberniores," which the 
writer of this tract would evidently have trans- 
lated "more polished and more hospitable" than 
the Irish themselves. 

v In our nobility, i. e. our nobility of Con- 
naught, who were opposed to Eoghan O'Madden, 
the hero of this tract. 

n-Gojcmac, uaip ap lac fin pa peall ap 
cup ap a cijeapnaoaib oa'n cupappin, ju 
paibi Gipiu na h-aen-cumo cpicijg oa'n 
coimeipji pin, ace THUD Gojan ana 
aenap, ac pecam o'd pfpmi jan a h-aio- 
riiilliuo, ocup ap eagla pill ap a rij- 
eapna jan ceano-aobap. Ocup pab' 
100 po a eapcapaio peon cpep na 015- 
eancaib pin, .1. Ruaiopi puarapac, mac 
Cacail 1 Concobaip, pi Cpuacna incac- 
i, ocup ap eat> oa paeil in plac-bili ju 

Eoghanachs w , who first dealt treacherously 
by their own lords x on this occasion, so 
that at this juncture Erin became one 
trembling surface of commotion", with 
the single exception of the territory of 
Eoghan [O'Madden], who took care not 
to violate his truth by acting treacherously 
towards his lord 2 without strong reason. 
And he had enemies in consequence of 
being thus disposed, and among others 
Eory the warlike, son of Cathal O'Conor*, 


w The Eoghanachs, i. e. the O'Neills and other 
inhabitants of Tyrone, who were called Eoghan- 
achs, or Eugenians by the Irish writers, as being 
descended from Eoghan, the son of Niall of the 
Nine Hostages, monarch of Ireland in the fourth 

1 Who first dealt treacherously by their own 
lords. By this the writer wishes us to understand 
that O'Neill and his chieftains acted treacherously 
towards the Earl of Ulster in joining Bruce against 
him ; but this will hardly be granted him now, as 
the event proved that O'Neill was right. He had 
more claim to the province of Ulster than either 
De Burgo or Bruce, and, by his exertions on this 
and subsequent occasions, he brought about that 
his descendants for ages after held almost regal 
sway in that province. 

"We learn from the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as 
translated in the year 1627 by Connell Mageoghe- 
gan, that Edward Bruce on his arrival was 
joined by O'Neill and the Irish of Ulster, by 
whose advice he took his journey to the town of 
Coleraine, the bridge of which he broke down to 
stop the Earl's passage over the River Bann. 

y Erin became one trembling surface of commo- 
tion Mageoghegan expresses this " All the in- 
habitants of the kingdom, both English and Irish, 


were stricken with so great terrour, that it made 
the Lands and Inhabitants of Ireland to shake for 
fear. " 

z His lord. This was the Red Earl of Ulster, 
who was also styled lord of Connaught. 

8 Rory, .... son of Cathal 0' Conor He was 

slain in the battle of Tochar Mona Coinneadha, 
A. D. 1316, by Felim O'Conor, the true heir to 
the throne of Connaught, and presumptive heir to 
the monarchy of Ireland. The events here al- 
luded to are circumstantially related in Mageoghe- 
gan's translation of the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise; from whose work the following extract 
may be interesting : " At first Felim O'Conor, 
king of the Irish of Connaught, joined Richard 
Burke, Earl of Ulster, with whom he marched 
against Bruise. Edward Bruise hearing of the 
great fame of Felym O'Connor,king of Connaught, 
that then was with the Red Earle, he sent him 
privie message that he would give him the pro- 
vence of Connought at his disposition and to ad- 
here to himself, and also to return from the Earle 
to defend his own provence ; to which offer the 
said Felym lystened and acknowledged to accept 
of him. In the mean time Rowrie Mac Cahall 
Roe O'Connor seeing himself to have his oppor- 
tunity in the absence of Felym and his nobles that 

mao pi Connacc ju corhplan oo'n cojao 
pin, ju puaip bap leip in pfp-ppeirh, le 
peiolimio, mac Geoa, meic 60501^ 
uaip ba ppim-pij pfp-oucapa na porla 
in peiolimio pin. Ocup ba oa cporn 
eapjdipoib in c-paeip Gojain pin ^065 
O'Ceallaij co n-a clano-riiaicnib, pi 
cuaipcipcO'Dlami, 50 n-a mop-ruaraib. 
Cuinjio calina, cpeac-mopaijceac, cu- 
arac, cperi-meap, cabaprac in ^065 
pin ; ocup je pa bi pa na b^paib pin, 
oa puilmj Gojun a eapappan a n-oeip- 
ceapc a oucaiji 'jd oluc-copnarh ; uaip 
ip eao DO jndrafjeaoap na jeja pin o 
oa jablaijeaoap, .1. Clano Ceallaij 'na 
cuaipceapc, aj ceapapjam ap anbappdn 

king of warlike Cruachan, who hoped that 
he might become full king of Coimaught, 
by means of this war ; but he was cut off 
by the true heir, namely, Felim, son of 
Aedh, son of Eoghan [0' Conor], for this Fe- 
lim was the true, legitimate heir to the mo- 
narchy of Fodhla [i. e. Ireland}. And among 
the powerful enemies of this noble Eoghan 
was also Tadhg O'Kelly b , king of North 
Hy-Many, together with his sons and great 
tribes. This Tadhg was a brave, plunder- 
ing, lordly, vigorous, and bounteous hero ; 
and though he was of these qualifications 
Eoghan sustained his assaults in the south- 
ern part of the native territory, which he 
defended with firmness. For these two 


went with him in the Journey of Ulster, he also 
made his repair towards Edward Bruise, with 
whom he had secrett communication, and promised 
the said Edward to banish all Englishmen from out 
of all Connought, if Edward would be pleased to 
accept of his own service. Edward authorised him 
to warr against Englishmen, and not to meddle 
with the Lands of Ffelym. But Rowrie having re- 
ceived that favour of Bruise, he did not only war 
upon Englishmen, but also upon Ffelym and his 
partakers, and sought all meanes to gett the king- 
dome of Connaught into his own hands ; and im- 
mediately assembled together Brenymen and great 
companies of Gallowglasses and bonnoughtmen, 
and made towards the middle part of Silemorrey, 
where, first of all, he burnt the street-town of 
Sligeagh [Sligo], Athklea-an-Coran [now Bally- 
mote], the castle of Killcalman, the towne of Tob- 
berbride [Ballintober, in the county of Roscom- 
mon], Downoman [Dunamon], with the castles of 
Roscommon, Ryndoyne, alias Teach-Eoyn, and 
Athlone, together with all the houses that lay in 

his way between these places. 

" After committing of which great exploytes 
he desired Mac Dermoda to give him the dutys 
due upon him belonging to the king of Connought, 
and also to yeald him obedience, which Mac 
Dermott absolutely denied, and withall refused to 
give him hostages ; but he received hostages and 
pledges of the rest of the whole province, incon- 
tinently went to Carne Fraoigh, where he was 
invested king of Connaught by the twelve chief- 
tains of Silemorrie, twelve coworbs, and other 
spiritualls that were accustomed to use the cere- 
monies usual at the time of the investure of the 
king ; remained for a time among Silemorrey 
preying and destroying such of that contry as he 
supposed to stick to Felym O'Connor, and that 
wou'd yeald him allegiance," &c. &c. 

b Tadhg O' Kelly. This was the celebrated 
Tadhg or Teige O'Kelly called in the pedigrees 
Tadhg Mor of the battle of Athenry. He was 
slain in the memorable battle of Athenry in the 
year 1316. 


ajio-pij, ocup TTluincep niaouoain ma 
oeipciupc, 05 a oej-coimeo ap TTlhioeac- 
aib, ocup ap mhuimneacaib, ocup ap 
Cenel Geoa, ocupap Piacpacaib. Ocup 
ni bf olb pin cpica na cenel nac paib ap 
ci Gog-am oa'n ulaio pin, no jup poip 
t)ia, ocup a oeijceipoi ap a n-anbappan 
pin h-e jan aiomilleao cpe na h-aipoea- 
naib, .1. a calmacc 'ja caemna ap a 
coigcpicaib jan cpeac-apjain, ocup a 
oiaoacc 05 a 6m ap opoc-oamib, ocup a 
peili 05 a poipicm ap anbpipen, ocup 
bennaccna na cpuaj '50 ceapapgam ap 
ceaomannaib ; ju b-puapaoap uppaio 
Poola bap uili cpe n-a n-anuabap oa'n 
glaio pin, ace mao 6ojan ma aenup, pa 
anij t)ia cpe n-a oeij-ceipoib. 

" Ocup pa b' e peo pio Bojain 6'n 
lupla ocup o Uilliam cpe n-a pipmni: 
cpian a cuijio pa comap co n-a clanri- 
niaicnib, ocup jan maep ^aill a jeall- 
cameacc ap a 5 aiDea ^ a 'b, ocup a maip- 
peon ap ^allaib na cpici ju comlan, 
eioip cairip ocup caiplednaib. Ocupap 
eao cuj o' 66^an na h-opoaijoi pin peac 
^aioealaib Gpeno oa'n ulaio pin, .1. 
peabap a pipmni jan aioceoo, uaip ni 
bpippeo a bpiacap cpebapoall ap upoail 
a cuac oa cuilleao pa cijepnup, ocup 
ap aipeajoacc a aenig o'uaiplib ocup 

tribes, since they branched off, were thus 
situated, viz., the Clann- Kelly in the north, 
to protect the territory against the assaults 
of the monarch, andtheMuinter-Madden in 
the south to defend it against the men of 
Meath, the Munster men, the Cinel- Aedha, 
and the Hy-Fiachrach ; and there was not 
of all these a cantred or tribe, which was not 
ready to attack Eoghan on this occasion ; 
but God and his own virtues preserved 
him from destruction against all their as- 
saults. So great were his attributes, viz., 
his valour saved him from being plundered 
by his neighbours ; his piety sheltered 
him against bad men ; his generosity pro- 
tected him against the unjust, and the 
blessings of the poor guarded him against 
diseases ; the chieftains of Fodhla in ge- 
neral perished at this period through their 
excessive pride, except Eoghan alone, whom 
God protected in consequence of his good 

" The following were the conditions of 
peace obtained by Eoghan from the Earl 
and from William , in consequence of his 
truth : that the third of his province should 
be under the controul of him and his sons; 
that no English steward should preside 
over his Gaels, and that his stewards should 
be over the English of the entire territory 
[i. e. Hy-Many~\, both towns and castles. 
And what procured for Eoghan these' pri- 
vileges at this juncture in preference to 
all the rest of the Gaels of Erin, was the 
goodness of his truth which was incorrupt- 

c William William De Burgo, the Earl of Ulster's son. 



o'uipiplib, ucnp ni uil in n-ejmaipGojam 
ceac ip caipipi leip na epiac-^hallaib oa 
raoaijio ace a cpeab-aicpiub-pun, ap pip 
a pipinni ocup a aimj ap aenlijio, ocup 
ap oipejoacc a ipouo pa n-upcomaip ; 
uaip oa cumoaijeaprap in caem-pij pin 
carip cloc-oamjen, clap-oi jamo a TTluij 
6ealaij ma blao-dpap, nap cumoaij 
upaij an n-6ipmo a h-innamail. Ocup 
oa rojaib ceampaill na cpici 50 corii- 
coieceano. Ocup oa mum pipinni o'a 
plaicib, ocup ou peacain ap peall ocup 
ap pmjail a oipeacca, ocup oa coipmipc 
paeib-nop ocup piaoana na pluaij pin, 
ocup oa reajaipj o^ipg ocup oaenoacc 
o'a oeaj-cuaraib. Ocup oa copain 
upano oa jac cui^eao le coijcpicaib, 
.1. in pino laprapac o'an TTIioi pa maep- 
aibpiun, ocup in pano cuaipceapcac D' 
Upmurhain pa apo-ceannap. 

" Ocup ip & in r-upij pin neac ip m- 
aipoeana o'peapaib na h-inopi 

ible d ; for he would not break his pledged 
word, for obtaining in recompense a lord- 
ship equal to his own territory, and for 
the splendour of his hospitality to the great 
and the humble, for there is not a house 
which the English chieftains wish more 
to frequent than the house of Eoghan, 
except their own mansions, from their 
knowledge alike of his truth and hospi- 
tality, and from the splendour of his man- 
sion to receive them ; for this fair prince 
erected for a habitation, at Magh Bealaigh, 
a strong castle 6 of stone and fine timber, 
the like of which has not been erected by 
any sub-chief in Erin. He also repaired 
the churches of the country in general. 
And he taught truth to its chieftains and 
kept his people from treachery and fratri- 
cide, and has checked their evil customs 
and dissensions, and taught charity and 
humanity in his goodly districts. He also 
wrested from his neighbours a portion of 
each province, namely, the western ex- 
tremity of Meath, which is under his 
stewards, and the northern portion of Or- 
mond which is under his high controul. 

" And this chieftain possesses more won- 
derful characteristics than any of the men 


d His truth which was incorruptible. To this 
reason might perhaps be added another equally 
strong, though it is possible the writer was not 
politic enough to have seen it, viz., that the Earl 
of Ulster and his son, William De Burgo, could 
not prevail on Teige O'Kelly (who had joined Rory 
O'Conor and Bruce, against the English) to do for 
them the same services which Eoghan O'Madden 
so honourably, loyally, and obediently performed. 

e Magh Bealaigh, a strong castle "Whether 

this be the castle afterwards called Longford 
O'Madden, i. e. O 'Madden 's stronghold or forti- 
fied residence, cannot be easily determined, but 
it is pretty certain that Longford castle was 
O'Madden's chief residence for a long time; and 
Longford O'Madden being only a descriptive 
name, it is very probable that it had another pre- 

peo, uaip a rd o'd eajla ap a oipeacc- 
aib nac paij a leap jialla ana jebenn- 
aib ; ocup ip mjnao ele jan amapup 
oa'n n-Bojan pin na e*pano aen pa op nd 
pa eacaib, pa Biao, na pa buap-jpaijib, 
ocup ap & paibpi o'a no-opoujuo pin 
o'pmi^aioil; jopmabpuij map ac bepc 
in pili na pocail peo : 

Noca n-paicreap jiall na jlap, 
Noco n-eap aen ba mobap ; 
Plair Ce ap e paibpi map pin, 
Ip 6 oainjm 'n-a ourai j. 

Qp e ip cpuaioi a copnam cpeac, 
' ap peapp 05 milleao me"tpleac 
Qp 6 ap beil-leipji ba bp4ij, 
dp e ap peio aipoi, pij-me'io. 

Qp 6 ap buja 05 bponoao buaip, 
dp 4 ap cpuaioi a 5~car cler-cpuaio, 
Puaip plair Ce bpaiji jan bpar, 

Qp e ip ailli in jac aenac. 


" Ocup 015 peo pop ju pipmneac cuil- 
liuo oa cuapaplaib in Gojain pin o aipn- 
cijeapnaoaib, .1. com-uaipli piu peiri 
ocup pe n-oijpeoaib o'6ojan ocup o'a 

of this island, for his people are so much 
in dread of him f that he does not find it 
necessary to take hostages, or have recourse 
to fetters ; and another thing undoubtedly 
wonderful in this Eoghan is, that he does 
not refuse any one gold or horses, food or 
kine, and he is the wealthiest of the race 
of Gaedhal for bestowing them ; so that 
he is well described by the poet in the fol- 
lowing words : 

" He never sees hostage or fetter ; 
He never refuses any one riches ; 
The prince of Ce g is thus the richest ; 
He is the firmest in his patrimony. 

He is the hardiest to protect the preys, 
And the best to destroy insurgents ; 
He is the slowest to utter falsehood ; 
He is the most expert of action, the most 
regal of size. 

He is the most generous to bestow kine, 
He is hardiest in the battle of hard spears, 
The prince of Ce has got a hostage without 

He is the comeliest in every assembly. 

He never, &c. 

" The following is an additional part of 
the remuneration of Eoghan from his chief 
lords, namely, that Eoghan and his tribes 
should have equal nobility \ofblood~\ with 


f His people are so much in dread of him. the chiefs of the Mac Dermots, who were some- 
This shows clearly that the tract was written in times called princes of Lough Key (oc Ce) 
Eoghan O'Madden's life-time, perhaps after he by the poets, because their chief fortress was si- 
had resigned the chieftainship to his son. tuated on an island in that lake called Carraig 

6 The prince of Ce These verses would ap- Locha Ce, i. e. the Rock of Lough Key. 

pear to have been quoted from a poem on one of 


aicmeoaib', ocup pa h-iac po 50 pon- them and their heirs, while the particular 

paoac bpeca na n-^all-ci^eapnao pin decision of these English lords had been this 

ap a n-^aioealaib', .1. oaep oa oenam on their Gaels, namely, that the Gael should 

oct'n n-^aeoeal je mao jabalcac, ocup be made ignoble though a landholder, and 

a pao 50 mao paep in Sax jan aileam- that it should be said that the Saxon was 

am, jan peapanup; ju puaip Gogan noble h , though without rearing [education] 

arappac na bpeiri 6 na 6apunaiB. and lands ; until Eoghan obtained an abro- 
gation of the decision from the Barons." 

17. Gahdra Mor, son ofDunadhach According to the tract on Eoghan O'Madden 
already given, this Gadhra was the last chief of all Hy-Many, of this tribe of Siol- 
Anmchadha, and since his time no Irish monarch has existed; but this cannot be 
considered true, as Gadhra died in the year 1027, one hundred and forty- three years 
before the English invasion; at which time, according to the writer himself, Roderic 
O'Conor was king of Ireland. It may, however, be regarded correct, if we believe a 
statement in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated by Mageoghegan, which makes 
Maelseachlainn or Malachy II., who died in the year 1022, the last sole monarch of 
Ireland, all the succeeding kings of the houses of O'Brien, Mac Loughlin, and O'Conor 
being what were called pi j;a 50 b'-ppeapabpa, i. e., reges cum renitentia, or kings whose 
authority was not acknowledged in all the provinces ; and it is very likely that this is 
what the writer had in view, though he does not express himself as clearly or as fully 
as might be wished. But though the writer of this prose tract makes Gadhra the last 
prince of Hy-Many, of the O'Madden, or Siol-Anmchadha line, still another writer, 
who addressed a poem to the same chieftain in honour of whom the prose tract was 
written, mentions three others of the O'Madden sept who obtained the chieftainship of 
all Hy-Many after the death of Gadhra, namely, Diarmaid, Ailill, and Diarmaid, but 
the poet is surely wrong in making the first Diarmaid precede Gadhra Mor, as accord- 
ing to another poem this Diarmaid was the son of Aedh Finn, who was son of Cobh- 
thach (No. 1 2), and preceded Tadhg Mor O'Kelly [of the Battle of Brian, 1014] in the 
chieftainship of Hy-Many ; but he may be correct in placing two of them after Gadhra, 
as there can be little doubt that one or two of the O'Maddens attained to the chief- 
tainship of all Hy-Many after Gadhra Mor's death ; for we learn from an entry in 
the Annals of the Four Masters, at the year 1135, that an O'Madden obtained the 
chieftainship of all Hy-Many for a time, more than one hundred years after the death 


h That the Saxon was noble By Saxon the of historical information from an Irish writer of 

writer here means all people of English blood in the English feeling towards the Irish at the time 
Ireland. This is a very curious and important piece the latter invited Edward Bruce to be their king. 


of the Gadhra in question. It is stated in the Annals of the Four Masters at the year 
1023, that this Gadhra, son of Dunadhach, plundered the Termon of Clonmacnoise, 
whence he carried off several hundred cows, and at the year 1027, that he was slain 
on a predatory excursion in Ossory, whither he had gone with Donnchadh, the son 
of Brian Borumha. His brother Cuchonnacht Mac Dunadhaigh, also lord of Siol- 
Anmchadha was slain by Murchadh, the son of Brian Borumha in the year 1006. 

1 8. Madudan, or Madden, son of Gadhra The first Madudan of this sept mentioned 
in the Annals of the Four Masters was lord of Siol Anmchadha, and was slain by his own 
kinsman, so early as the year 1008, but as the name of his father is not given by the 
annalists, it is not absolutely certain that he was this Madudan, the son of Gadhra. It 
is however, possible, that he may have been the same, and that the compilers of the 
annals have erred in styling him lord of Siol- Anmchadha, for he was slain twenty-one 
years before his father, and six years before his father could have become chief of all 
Hy-Many ; and as it must be assumed that his father was chief of Siol- Anmchadha up 
to the year 1014, when it is said he succeeded Tadhg O'Kelly, as chief of Hy-Many, 
it cannot be believed that a son of his who died in 1008 was ever lord of Siol- Anm- 
chadha. But the fact may be, that the Madudan, who was slain in 1008, was the uncle 
of the individual in question, and that dying without issue he has not been named in 
the pedigrees. 

19. Diarmaid, son ofMadustan His death is mentioned in the Annals of the Four 
Masters at the year 1069, under the appellation of Mac Mic Gadhra O' Dunadhaigh, 
i. e. the son of the son of Gadhra O' Dunadhaigh, which is his genealogical descriptive 
appellation. He was slain by his own nephew in that year, after having been chief of 
Siol- Anmchadha for about thirty-seven years. 

20. Madudan Reamhar, or Madden le Gros, son of Diarmaid. After the death of 
Gadhra Mor (No. 17), in 1027, his nephew Mac Conconnacht O'Dunadhaigh [O'Deny] 
became chief of Siol-Aumchadha, and enjoyed that dignity for about five years, for 
he was slain in the year 1032. To him succeeded Diarmaid, the son of Madudan, who, 
as already remarked, was slain by his own nephew, a fate which he deserved by his 
crimes ; for in the year 1050, according to the Annals of the Four Masters, his people, 
evidently with his consent, and probably under his guidance, plundered the church of 
Clonmacnoise. Diarmaid seems to have been immediately succeeded by his son Ma- 
dudan Eeamhar, whose death is thus recorded, in the same Annals, at the year 1 096 : 

" A. D. 1096 Matodhan, grandson of Matodhan, lord of Siol- Anmchadha died.'' 
During his reign the territory of Siol- Anmchadha was invaded by a tribe of the 
Conmaicne, who slew Coningin Finn Mac Cuolahan, and carried away many cows. 

21. Diarmaid 0' Madden, son of Madudan. After the death of Madudan Eeamhar, 

Mac Cuolahan 


Mac Cuolahan became chief of Siol-Anmchadha, and was slain in 1 101, when this Diar- 
maid O'Madden succeeded. He is obviously the O'Madden, who, as we learn from the 
Four Masters, was slain in the year 1 1 35 by O'Kennedy ; their words are : 

" A. D. 1135 Ua Madadhain (O'Madden), lord of Siol-Anmchadha, and of Hy- 
Many for a time, was treacherously slain by Gillakevin O'Kennedy and his people." 

In the year 1131, O'Madden and his people had slain Domhnall O'Fuirg, lord of 
Hy- Forgo, one of O'Kennedy's dependants, and it would appear that it was to revenge 
this death O'Kennedy laid the snare for O'Madden. According to the poem which 
enumerates the seven chieftains of the Siol-Anmchadha line, who obtained chief sway 
in Hy-Many, Diarmaid was the name of the last or seventh of them, and there can 
be little doubt that he was the Diarmaid in question, and the O'Madden recorded as 
having been slain in 1 135 ; for it is stated in the Annals that he was lord of Hy-Many 
for a time. Indeed all circumstances concur in making him this Diarmaid ; first, his 
place in the pedigree agrees with the chronology, for being the son of a man who died 
in 1096, he may have lived to 1 135 ; secondly, Diarmaid was the name of the last chief 
of Hy-Many of this line; thirdly, the O'Madden of 1135 was chief of all Hy-Many 
for a time according to the Annals ; and, fourthly, what places the matter beyond 
doubt, no other O'Madden, according to the authorities, had ever since his time the 
title of lord or chief of Hy-Many. This Diarmaid had four sons, Madudan Mor, Mur- 
chadh, Conchobhar, and Maelseachlainn, or Malachy. 

22. Madudan Mor, or Madudan the large He did not succeed to the chieftainship 
immediately after the death of his father in 1135, for the Annals record the death of 
Cucoirne O'Madden (of whom by-the-by no notice is taken in the pedigrees), chief of 
Siol-Anmchadha in the year 1158 ; it is highly probable, however, that he succeeded 
on the death of Cucoirne, as it is stated in the Tract upon Eoghan O'Madden, already 
given, that Madudan Mor was the first chief of Siol-Anmchadha or south Hy-Many, 
after the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland. The year of his death is not recorded. 
He was succeeded by his youngest brother Maelseachlainn. 

According to the fragment of the Book of Hy-Many preserved in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin (H. 2. 7.), and often already quoted, this Madudan Mor had 
four sons, namely, Cathal, Domhnall Buidhe, Diarmaid, chief of Siol-Anmchadha, 
who died 1207, and Madudan Og, who seems to be the Madudan O'Madden, chief of 
Siol-Anmchadha, whose death is recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters at the 
year 1235. 

23. Cathal O" 1 Madden, son of Madudan Mor. According to the Tract on Eoghan 
O'Madden already given, this Cathal succeeded his relative Maelseachlainn O'Madden, 
and was the third chief of Siol-Anmchadha since the English invasion. No notice of 



him is preserved by the Irish annalists, unless he be the " Cahall O'Madden, prince of 
Sileanrnchie," who died in 1286, according to the Annals of Clonmacnoise ; but the 
grandson of the chief who was slain in 1135, could hardly have lived till 1286. He 
had two sons, Murchadh, his successor, and Conchobhar. 

24. Murchadh or Morogh O'Madden, son of Cathal. It is stated in the Tract on 
Eoghan O'Madden, that this Murchadh was chief of Siol-Amnchadha, or South Hy- 
Many, but that he resigned the chieftainship to his son Eoghan, and went on a pilgri- 
mage to Rome, where he died, and was buried in the Cemetery of St. Peter's. It is 
strange that no notice is preserved of this remarkable man in the Irish Annals. He 
had two sons, namely, Eoghan O'Madden his successor, and John Mac Murrogh 
O'Madden, who, according to the Annals of Clonmacnoise, was slain in the cele- 
brated battle of Athenry, A. D. 1316. 

25. Eoghan O'Madden, son of Murchadh He was chief of Siol-Anmchadha or 

South Hy-Many, for upwards of twenty years, and is the chief on whom the tract already 
given was written. In his youth he was inimical to the English interest in Connaught, 
and so early as the year 1 306, when he was a very young man, he defeated the lord of 
Clanrickard, and slew sixty-six of his people ; but afterwards, upon the arrival of Ed- 
ward Bruce in 1315, as appears from the tract above given, he joined them most cor- 
dially against Tadhg O'Kelly, chief of Hy-Many (i. e. Tadhg of the Battle of Athenry), 
Rory O' Conor, presumptive king of Connaught, and all the supporters of Bruce, and 
fought many successful battles against the Irish. In a poem, written in his life-time, 
and addressed to himself, it is stated that he plundered the plain of Moenmagh, and 
enveloped the fortress called Mur mic Aighi in a dense cloud of smoke ; that he de- 
feated the men of Ormond in battles fought at Ballaghanohir, in Lusmagh, at Lorrah, 
on the plain of Magh Eamhna (Mowney), at Moin Fuinche, and at Cluain Domhnaigh. 
That, in conjunction with Mac William, he defeated Mageoghegan and his forces of 
Cinel Fiacha, and that he carried the terror of his arms into Meath and Ulster. The 
bard, after enumerating his triumphs, goes on to remind Eoghan of the nobility of his 
descent, but advises him not to attempt becoming monarch of all Ireland, though he 
was eligible as being descended from Conn of the Hundred Battles ; but, as there were 
seven of his sept who became princes of all Hy-Many, it were no harm if he should 
become chief lord of all that territory, and he is advised not to give up for any other 
part of Ireland the flowery plain of Moenmagh, nor Meelick, nor the angelic Oran, nor 
Loch Greiue of the bright salmons, nor Loch Riach, nor the mountain of Sliabh 
Fuirri (Slieve-Murry) of the smooth grass, nor the River Suck, nor the Shannon. The 
bard then tells O'Madden an anecdote about Diarmaid and Blathmac, the two sons of 
king Aedh Slaine, who were joint monarchs of Ireland in the seventh century, from 

IRISU ARCH. soc. 9. U which 

which it was to be inferred that, as O'Madden and O'Kelly were descended from two 
brothers, it was wiser and more politic for them to remain friends, and not quarrel 
about which was the greater man. He concludes by complimenting in eight lines 
Mac William's daughter " of the fair hand and curling tresses, the noblest woman he 
had seen in his time." She was evidently the wife of O'Madden. 

The death of this Eoghan O'Madden is recorded in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 
the year 1 346, as follows : 

" A. D. 1346 Owen O'Madden, prince of Sile Anmchie, died, and his son Morrogh 

O'Madden succeeded him in his place." 

But in the Annals of the Four Masters the corresponding entry occurs at the year 

I 347- 

According to the pedigree of O'Madden, preserved in the fragment of the Book of 
Hy-Many often already referred to (H. 2. 7.), which seems to have been compiled 
many years before this chieftain's death, he had four sons, viz., Cathal, Donnchadh, 
Nicholas, and Gadhra. According to the pedigree transcribed by Duald Mac Firbis 
his sons were, Murchadh, Cathal, Domhnall, Feradhach, Breasal, and Calbhach ; but, 
according to O'Farrell, in his Linea Antigua, they were Morogh, Donogh na h-Eirce 
and Dermod Caoch. There must be some error among them, but it is clear from the 
Irish annals that he was succeeded in 1347 by his son Murchadh, or Morogh, his 
eldest son Cathal having been slain by the Clanrickards in 1 340. He had a daughter 
Finola who died in the year 1398. 

26. Murchadh, or Morogh O" 1 Madden, son of Eoghan He was chief of Siol Anm- 
chadha for twenty-four years, having succeeded his father in 1347, and died in 1371, 
as we learn from the Annals of the Four Masters : 

" A. D. 1371. Murchadh, son of Eoghan O'Madden, general patron of the literati, 
the poor, and the needy of Ireland, was killed by one shot of an arrow in the rear of 
a predatory party in Ormond." 

The name of his wife is not recorded, but it appears that he had one son and one 
daughter, namely, Eoghan Mor O'Madden, his successor, and the Lady More, the wife 
of Mac William Burke, lord of Clanrickard, who died in the year 1383, according to 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise : 

" A. D. 1383 The Lady More, daughter of Morogh O'Madden, and wife of Mac 
William Burke, died." 

27. Eoghan Mor O'Madden, son of Murchadh. He is mentioned in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise at the year 1403, as Owen Mac Morrogh O'Madden, and his death is 
recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters at the year 141 1 : 

"A. D. 1411 Eoghan, son of Murchadh O'Madden, lord of Siol Anmchadha, 
died ; as did also Cobhthach O'Madden, heir presumptive of Siol Anmchadha." 



He had two sons, namely, Cathal, who became chief of Siol Anmchadha, and died, 
probably without issue, in 1413, and Murchadh, by whom the line was continued; 
Cathal had a daughter, Finola, who died in 1393. 

28. Murchadh, or Morogh 0' Madden, son of Eoghan Mor He is said, in some of 
the pedigrees, to have founded the abbey of Meelick ; but this is at variance with the 
Annals of the Four Masters, which place the foundation of that abbey in the year 
1479, and record the death of this Murchadh under the year 1451 : 

" A. D. 1451 Murchadh O'Madden, lord of Siol Anmchadha, a man of mighty 

arm and good jurisdiction, died." 

"A. D. 1479. The monastery of Meelick, on the brink of the Shannon, in the 
diocese of Clonfert, was founded for Franciscan friars by O'Madden, who selected a 
burial place for himself in it." 

It is true, however, that he granted a chapel at Portumna together with the village 
to the Franciscans, who founded on the spot a religious house under the authority of a 
Bull from Pope Martin V., dated 8th October, 1426. This Bull is printed at full length 
by De Burgo in his Hibernia Dominicana, p. 304, who, in a note, deduces the pedigree 
of O'Madden from Heremon, and connects with them the family styled by him " Domus 

O'Maddenorum de Baggotsrath," near Dublin Seep. 154, infra. He had three sons, 

namely, Breasal and Dearmaid, who were slain by their own kinsman, Cobhthach or 
Coffey O'Madden, in the year 1486, and Eoghan Carrach, who continued the line. 

29. Eoghan Carrach O'Madden, son of Murchadh No notice of him is preserved 
by the Four Masters, nor has the year of his death been recorded in any of the Irish 
annals accessible to the Editor. 

30. Murchadh, or Morogh Reagh O'Madden, son of Eoghan Carrach He had five 
sons, John, his successor, Bresal and Diarmaid, who were both slain in 1486, Eoghan, 
of Meelick, and Morogh Oge O'Madden, of Portumna, whose daughter and sole heiress 
became the wife of Richard More Mac William Burke, of Clanrickarde, through whom 
the Burkes first acquired the estate of Portumna. 

31. John O'Madden, son of Morogh Reagh. 

32. Bresal O'Madden, son of John He had two sons, John, chief of Siol Anm- 
chadha, and Maeleachlainn, the father of the celebrated Maeleachlainn Modardha, who 
became chief of half the territory of Siol- Anmchadha in the year 1556. 

33. John O'Madden, son of Bresal. On the death of Hugh, son of Anmchadh 
O'Madden, chief of Siol Anmchadha in the year 1554, this John became chief of Siol 
Anmchadha, and enjoyed that dignity for two years. He was slain in the year 1556 
by Bresal Dubh O'Madden, after which two chiefs were elected, namely, Bresal Dubh 
and Mealeachlainn Modardha. 

U2 34. 


34- Domknall, or Donett 'Madden, son of John He was the last chief of Siol 
Anmchadha who ruled the territory according to the old Irish system, and was per- 
haps the most powerful and celebrated chieftain of that territory since the time of 
Eoghan, who died in 1 347. He was appointed captain of his nation by letters patent 
from the queen in the year 1567, after having cleared himself of the murder of his 
predecessor Hugh, the son of Melaghlin Ballagh O'Madden, with which he had been 
charged, and after having paid a fine of eighty fat cows to the deputy, Sir Henry 
Sydney, at Mullingar in the county of Westmeath. This appears from a curious do- 
cument in the Rolls Office, Dublin, which runs as follows : 

"Hen. Sydney, 

" Fiant litere Domine Regine paten tes in debita forma sub tenore verborum sequen- 
tium REGINA &c. Omnibus ad quos, &c. Salutem. Sciatis quod nos de vera obe- 
diencia Donaldi O Madden humiliter petentis se ad Capitaneatum sive gubernamen 
patrie de le Longfort cum Sylnamkhey communiter nuncupate Madden's Contrey in 
Regno nostro Hibernie (unde Hugo Mac Molaghlyn Ballagh O Madden defunctus nuper 
fuerat Capitaneus) deque ejusdem Donaldi promptitudine ad deserviendum nobis atque 
ad patriam illam et nostrorum subditorum in eadem degentium recte decenter et fide- 
liter gubernandum et tuendum plurimum confidentes ; eundem Donaldum (qui nunc 
semetipsum de murdro sive occisione prefati Hugonis de quo antea coram nobis accu- 
satus extitit sufficienter purgavit, prout ex parte ejusdem Donaldi per Reverendum 
patrem Rolandum Clonfortensis Episcopum ceterosque sue dioces. clericos per literas 
suas nobis est relatum et intimatum, inque se defendendo prefatum Hugonem dicte 
patrie Capitaneum occidisse, nee aliter sontem aut reum fore de occisione predicta) Ca- 
pitaneum patrie predicte, de et cum assensu et concensu dilecti et fidelis Consiliarii nos- 
tri Henrici Sydney prenobilis ordinis nostri garterii militis, presidentis Consilii nostri 
Wallie ac marchiarum ejusdem ac deputati nostri generalis regni nostri Hibernie, 
nominamus, ordinamus, prefi cimus, et constituimus per presentes : habend. tenend. gau- 
dend. et occupand. capitaneatum predict, cum omnibus suis pertinen. proficuis Juribus 
et advauntagiis quomodolibet de antique debitis et usitatis, eidem Donaldo quamdiu 
sese bene gesserit ut noster fidelis subditus, ac teneat, perimpleverit, et performaverit 
nobis et Sucessoribus nostris tenorem, formam, et effectum omnium et singulorum 
illorum articulorum in quadain Indentura inde inter nos et prefatum Hugonem 

Mac Molaghlyn Balagh ex dat diei Anno 1566 specificatorum, et qui ex parte 

ejusdem Hugonis essent sive forent performandi et perimplendi, et porro accedat ad 
dictum deputatum nostrum vel aliquem alium dicti Regni nostri Hibernie guberna- 
torem pro tempore existentem et ad consilium Regni nostri predicti quandocunque 
per mandatum sive literas eorum vel eorum alicujus habuerit in mandatis ad eos acce- 



dere. Ac insuper volumus quod predictus Donaldus dabit et solvet dicto nostro 
nunc deputato de fine pro nominacione ejusdem Donaldi ad officium Capitaneatus pre- 
dict, octoginta pingues vaccas et eas liberabit apud Molyngar in Com. de Westmeth 
ad sive ante festum Sancti Petri ad vincla prox. futur. ad libitum et voluntatem De- 
putati nostri predicti. In cujus Rei &c. Teste &c. 

" Deliberat. fuit Domino cancellario Hibernie xx die Junii Anno Regni Regine 
Elizabethe nono, ad exequendum." 

In 1585, according to the Annals of the Four Masters, he attended the parliament 
convened at Dublin, to which the Irish chieftains who were obedient to the Queen 
were summoned ; but in 1595 we find him in open rebellion. In that year, Cloghan, 
one of his castles in the district or parish of Lusmagh, on the east side of the Shannon, 
was summoned to surrender to the Lord Deputy, Sir William Russell, but O'Mad- 
den's people replied that they would not surrender even though all the soldiers were 
Deputies. This famous reply of O'Madden's people is referred to by Brewer in his 
Beauties of Ireland, vol. ii. p. 152, and as the Editor has heard many express their 
doubt of its authenticity, he is tempted to give here the whole account of the trans- 
action from Sir William Russell's Journal, which he has procured through the kind- 
ness of Sir Frederic Madden, of the British Museum : 

Extract from the Journal of Sir William Russett, Lord Deputy of Ireland, preserved in 
MS. Add. 4728. Brit. Mm., to which Institution it was presented by Lord Willoughby, 
of Parham, iStk May, 1764. Fol. 61, b. 

"Thursdaie n [March 159^]. From Rathingelduld my Lord rode to Cloghan, 
O'Madden's Castle, in Losmage" [now Lusmagh], "before w ch hee encamped, in cominge 
to w ch we passed through a straight pace [pass] of 4 miles in length. O'Madden him- 
selfe beinge gone out in action of Rebellion, and had left a ward of his principle men in 
his Castle, whoe assoone as they perceaved my Lord to approach neare, they sett 
three of their houses on fire, w ch were adioyneinge to the Castle, and made shott at vs 
out of the Castle, w ch hurt two of our souldiers and a boye. And beinge sent to by 
my Lord to yeild vpp the Castle to the Queene, their answere was to Cap ten Tho. Lea, 
that if all that came in his L pt Companie were Deputies, they would not yeild, but 
said they would trust to the strenght of their Castle, and hoped by to morrowe that 
time that the Deputie and his Companie should stand in as great feare, as they then 
were, in expectinge, as it should seeme, some ayde to releive them. That night my 
Lord appointed Cap ea Izod to keepe a sure watch aboute the said Castle, for that a 
mayne bogg was adioyneing there vnto, and appointed the kearne' w lh certain souldiers 

' These were some of Teige O'Moloye's people, aiding the Lord Deputy F. M. 

to watch theire, least they should make an attempt to escape that way. About mid- 
night my L. visited the watch, and vnderstandinge of some women to be w th in the 
Castle, sent to them againe, and advised them to put forth their women, for t hat hee 
intended the next morninge to assault the Castle w th fire and sword, but they refused 
soe to doe, and would not suffer their women to come forth. 

"Fridaie 12. My L. continued before the Castle, and as preparation was makinge 
for fire workes, to fire the Castle, one in S r . W m . Clarke's Companie beinge nere the 
Castle, by making tryall cast vpp a fire brand to the topp of the roufe w ch was covered 
with thatch, and presentlie tooke fire, and burned the roufe, w ch greatlie dismaide them, 
where vpon th'alarum was strooke vpp, and whilst our shott plaied at their spike holes, 
a fire was made to the grate and doore, w ch smothered manie of them, and w th all the 
souldiers made a breach in the wall and entered the Castle, and tooke manie of them 
alive, most of w ch were cast over the walles, and soe executed. And soe the whole 
nomber w ch were burnd and kild in the Castle were fortie sixe persons, besides two 
women and a boye, w ch were saved by my Lord's appointment. 

Fol. 64. " The names of such cheife men as were kilde in the Castle of Cloghan 
O'Madden, at y e wininge thereof, which were principall fightinge men, the xii th of 
March, 1595. 

" Shane M c Brasill O'Madden of Corglogher, gent. 

Cahill M c Shane O'Madden of Kineghan, gent. 

Donnogh M c O'Madden of Tomhaligh, gent. 

Owen M c Shane O'Madden of the same, gent. 

Molaghlin Duffe M c Coleghan of Ballymacoleghan, gent. Cap" 1 of shott, and his two 


Shane M c Kygan, a shott. 
Tho. Bey of Hanyne, a shott. 
William Dolland, a shott. 
Mortaugh O' Kenny, a shott. 
Manose Oge O'Kryan, of O'Rorcke's Countrie, Cap" of shott, and O'Rorcke's mother's 

brother's sonne. 
Shane Enemeny O' Conner, of the Countie of Sligo, gent, who said when hee was taken, 

he was a good prisoner to bee ransomed. 
More, two other gent, of O'Rorke's Country, whose names were not knowne. 

" The names of the Cheife men kild in the Conflict the daie before the wyninge of 
the Castle, viz. : 

" Ambrose M c Molaghline Mottere O'Madden of Clare Maden, gent. 
Coheghe Oge O'Madden of the same, gent. 


Leve O'Madden of Clare, gent. Three landed men. 

Leve O'Conner of y' Countie of Sligo, a cheife gent. & a leader of shott and Scotts ; he 

was buried at Millicke. 
Ferdoregh M c Everye, a Cap" of Scotts. 
Ever M c Garell, of Galry, gent. 
M c Connell, cheife of the Scotts. 
Vlicke Bowrcke M c Edmond Bowrcke of Balyely, gent. 

" The rest were shott, bowmen and kearne ; the whole nomber kild & drown'd 
(besides those in the Castle) were seaven score and upwards, besides some hurt, w ch 
escaped, beinge vnarmed, and fled away in greate amasement." 

It does not appear, however, that for these daring deeds O'Madden's property was 
confiscated, for we find him " loyal again" in 1602, when he attacked the magnificent 
rebel, Donell O'Sullivan Beare, who, after the defeat of the Irish at Kinsale, and the 
taking of his castle of Dunboy, was passing through Siol-Anmchadha, on his way to 
O'Rourke. O'Madden was evidently pardoned by James L, and we find that on the 
8th of March, 161 1, he settled his property on his sons according to the laws of Eng- 
land, as appears by a deed (9 Jac. I. Roll 2), whereby Donell O'Madden, of Longford, 
in the county of Galway, captain of his nation, granted to feoffees his Manor and 
Castle of Longford, and all other his property in the county of Galway to hold to the 
use of Ambrose, otherwise Anmaha O'Madden, son and heir of the said Donell and 
the heirs male of his body, remainder to his (the grantor's) sons Malachy and Donell, 
and their respective heirs male, remainder to Brasil O'Madden, son of Hugh O'Mad- 
den, one of the sons of the said Donell O'Madden, and his heirs male, remainder to the 
heirs [general] of Ambrose O'Madden for ever. 

35. Anmchadh, or Ambrose O^Madden, son of Donell. He is the Anmaha O'Madden 
mentioned in the preceding deed as the son and heir of Donell O'Madden, captain of 
his nation. He died in 1637. 

36. John Madden, son of Ambrose The property settled by Donell O'Madden 

(No. 34), was forfeited during the civil wars of 1641 ; but in the year 1677, by a grant 
under the Act of Settlement, this John, his grandson, was restored to the lands of 
Cloonefeaghan, Attiky, Mota, and Ballybranagh, now Walshestown, near Eyre-Court, 
in the barony of Longford, and county of Galway. This grant is dated 6th August, 
and inrolled 22nd August, 1677. In this grant he is called John Madden, Gent., 
grandson of Donell O'Madden. He had two sons, Daniel, his successor, and Patrick. 

37. Daniel Madden, son of John He is the last given by O'Farrell in his Linea 

Antiqua, who sets him down as the Head of the O'Maddens, which he undoubtedly 


38. Brasil Madden, son of Daniel. He made his will in 1745, which is preserved 
in the Registry of Clonfert, and of which the Editor has read an attested copy, in which 
he mentions his property, and also his son and heir Ambrose, and two other sons, 
Daniel and John. He was always considered in the country to be the head of the 
Maddens, though Ambrose Madden, of Kilnaborris, Esq., was more wealthy. This 
Ambrose, who was probably the representative of Maeleachlainn Modardha. or Me- 
laghlin Moder O'Madden, who became chief of half the territory of Siol- Anmchadha 
in 1556, was a very respectable gentleman ; he died in 1730 without any male issue, 
and the greater part of his property descended to Gregory French Madden, Esq., of 
Shannon View, in the county of Galway, who died a few years since without issue. 

39. Ambrose Madden, son of Brasil. He is mentioned in the will of 1745, as the 
son and heir of Brasil, the testator. He married Margery, daughter of Malachy Fallen, 
Esq., of Ballyvahan, in the county of Roscommon, and had issue, 

40. Brasil Madden. He was never in possession, as his father outlived him, and 
settled the lands, in 1791, on Ambrose, No. 41. 

41. Ambrose Madden, Esq., of Streamstown, in the north-west of the county of 
Galway, now living His grandfather settled the lands upon him in the year 1791, 
as appears by the deed of settlement registered in the Registry Office, Dublin, of which 
the Editor has read the original. Laurence Madden, of Fahy, Esq., who is the son of 
this Ambrose's father's sister, still retains the fee-simple possession of about three 
hundred acres of the original territory ; but Laurence's pedigree on the father's side 
has not been traced. 

Ambrose married, in 1810, Anne Coneys, daughter of Walter Coneys, Esq., of 
Streamstown, in the county of Galway, and has issue five sons, Brasil, Ambrose, 
Thomas, Walter, and John, and three daughters. 

42. Brasil Madden, Esq., son of Ambrose He married Juliet, daughter of Francis 

Lynch, Esq., of Omey, first cousin of the late John D'Arcy, of Clifden Castle, Esq., 
and of Nicholas Lynch, of Barna, Esq. 

The armorial bearings of the O'Maddens are sculptured on a monument in the ab- 
bey of Meelick, to Ambrose Madden, Esq., who died September 4th, 1 754, but the 
colours not being indicated, and the monument being considerably defaced, and not 
of sufficient antiquity to be taken as authority, the Editor has consulted all accessible 
authorities on the subject. Sir Frederic Madden describes them as follows in a letter 
to the Editor, dated i6th January, 1843 : " Your inquiry respecting the arms of the 
ancient sept of O'Madden, or Madden, of Galway, I wish I could answer satisfactorily, 
but I have never seen any authorities earlier than the time of Elizabeth. These give 
the coat thus : Sable, a falcon volant seizing a mallard argent See MSS. Harl. 5866 



(written by Daniel Molyneux, Ulster King of Arms, about 1584), 6096, and 2120 
(written by Thomas Chaloner, Ulster, in 1590). The coat is blazoned in the same 
manner in a pedigree of Tracy, written on vellum and attested by William Hawkins, 
Ulster, in 1709, on occasion of the marriage of Gratia, daughter of Morgan O'Madden, 
to Hugh Tracy. But in a collection of the arms and pedigrees of Irish families, by 

James Terry, Athlone Herald, about 1712, in MS. Harl. 4039, I find the coat thus : 

Sable, a falcon with wings expanded, seizing a mallard argent ; on a chief or, a cross 
botonny, gules. Crest : On a wreath of the colors, a falcon rising, argent, holding 
in its beak a cross botonny gules. Motto : FIDE ET FORTITUDINE. This coat is 
nearly the same as borne by numerous branches of the Maddens, in Kilkenny, Dublin, 
&c., all of whom are descended from a Hugh Madden, of Bloxham Beauchamp, Co. 
Oxford, temp. Hen. VIIL, and who was, no doubt, an offset of the old Irish stock. 
I enclose you an engraving of my own arms, for which I had a special grant made me 
from the Office of Arms in Dublin, and in which, for the sake of distinction, I have 
caused, as you will perceive, a variation in the chief and in the colors. I do not know 
to what branch Doctor R. K. Madden, the writer, belongs, but he bears the usual coat, 
with the chief and cross, and falcon and coronet in the crest." 

In addition to the above line it may not be uninteresting to give here the pedigree 
of the senior branch of the Maddens, formerly of Baggotsrath, near Dublin, whose de- 
scendants are now seated in various parts of Ireland and England. Their ancestor, 
Thomas Madden, of Baggotsrath, Esq., who was comptroller to Thomas Earl of Straf- 
ford, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, was undoubtedly an Englishman, and the great 
grandson of Hugh Madden, Gentleman, of Bloxham Beauchamp, county of Oxford, 
who flourished in the reign of Henry VIIL But it is not improbable that this Hugh 
Madden was connected with the old Irish stock, who may have removed to England, 
like many other Irish families, in that and the two subsequent reigns (as Kellys, Hig- 
gins, Sullivans, Donnellans, Donovans, &c. &c.) I am aware, however, that the cele- 
brated Dr. Samuel Madden, of Dublin, commonly called Premium Madden, who was 
certainly of this family of Baggotsrath, has been said to have been of French descent, 
and his family name to have been derived from the city of Madain, in the centre of 
France ; but this story, though it has found its way into Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, 
Chalmers' General Biographical Dictionary, and other works, cannot be true, and is 
not now believed by any of this family. The story which was originally published by 
Mons. Grosley (Tour to London, 1772, vol. ii. p. 100), is thus given by Nichols (Lit. 
Anecd. vol. ii. p. 699). " Mons. Grosley, a lively French traveller, speaking of a city 
in the centre of France, ' which at the beginning of the fifteenth century served as a 
theatre to the grandest scene that England ever acted in that kingdom,' mentions se- 
veral English families as lately extinct, or still subsisting there. ' This city,' he adds, 
IRISH AECH. SOC. p. X 'in 

T 54 

' in return lias given the British dominions an illustrious personage, to whom they are 
indebted for the first prizes, which have been there distributed for the encouragement 
of agriculture and arts. His name was Madain ; being thrown on the coast of Ireland 
by events of which I could never hear any satisfactory account ; he settled in Dublin 
by the name of Madden, there made a fortune, dedicated part of his estate, which 
amounted to four or five thousand pounds a year, to the prizes which I have spoken 
of, and left a rich succession : part of this succession went over to France to the 
Madains, his relations, who commenced a lawsuit for the recovery of it, and caused 
ecclesiastical censures to be published against a merchant, to whom they had sent a 
letter of attorney to act for them, and whom they accused of having appropriated to 
himself a share of their inheritance.' " 

All this, however, is clearly a groundless fiction, for we have the most satisfactory 
documentary evidence to prove that Premium Madden was the great grandson of 
Thomas Madden, Esq., of Baggotsrath, near Dublin, who died in 1640. The story of 
Premium Madden's relations in France going to law for his property is also proved to 
be a pure fiction, by the fact, that he had five sons himself, and that his present senior 
representative, Colonel Madden, of Hilton, county of Monaghan, enjoys all his pro- 
perty, except what he had bequeathed to the Dublin Society and Trinity College, &c. 
And his own will, preserved in the Prerogative Court, Dublin, further refutes this ab- 
surd fabrication. 

The Rev. Samuel Madden, prebendary of Blackrath, Kilkenny, who descends from 
Dean Madden, the brother of Premium Madden, and who, in conjunction with Sir Fre- 
deric Madden, of the British Museum, has compiled a very elaborate and accurate 
pedigree of the Maddens, of Baggotsrath, has taken some pains to contradict this fic- 
tion, which found its way into some of the most respectable publications of the day. 
After quoting De Burgo (the author of Hibernia Dominicana), O'Brien, and other au- 
thorities, for the antiquity of the name O'Madden in Ireland, he proceeds as follows : 

" The above extracts and references are quite sufficient to prove that the Maddens 
are an Irish or Milesian family ; but it is not at present so easy to prove that that 
family, whose pedigree is given in the following pages, is of this Milesian stock. How- 
ever, the probabilities are that it is : for, first, the name is the same ; secondly, the 
arms and crest are the same ; thirdly, the names which commence this pedigree, and 
particularly Hugh, occur very frequently in the pedigree which exists of the old 
Milesian stock ; and, fourthly, the very learned antiquary, Burke 1 , asserts that the 
Maddens, of Baggotsrath, near Dublin, are of the old Irish stock ; and we may be sure 

that he had grounds for saying so. 


' Burke, or De Burgo (Hib. Dom. p. 305, n. t~), digree of this family but Lodge's Peerage, which 
had no authority whatever for the origin or pe- he quotes, and his prefixing the Milesian O* to 

" It will be clear from this pedigree that the story which says that Premium Mad- 
den and Dean Madden were sons of a Hugonot clergyman, who fled from France at 
the Eevocation of the Edict of Nantz, in 1685, is a fiction. First, Premium Madden 
did not know it, as is testified by an ancient pedigree, which his great grandson, Col. 
Madden, now has, and which once belonged to him ; secondly, his father did not be- 
lieve itJ, as his MS. in Trinity College, Dublin, testifies ; thirdly, John Madden, who 
married Miss Waterhouse, and on whose certificate, dated in February, 1 640, the three 
first names in this pedigree are given, never thought that he was of French origin. In 
fine, the Waterhouse estate, now after a lapse of two hundred and five years still in 
the family, disproves the silly fiction." 

The following table shows at one view the principal descendants of Thomas Madden, 
of Baggotsrath, who died in 1 640, and also the descent of Dr. Goldsmith : 

1. Hugh Madden, of Bloxham, Beauchamp, Gent. 


2. Thomas Madden, of Bloxham, Beauchamp, Gent. 


3. John Madden, of Bloxham, Beauchamp, Gent. 

4. Thomas Madden, of Baggotsrath, d. 1640. 


5. John Madden, of Maddenton, d. 1661. 

6. John Madden, of Dublin, M. D., d. 1703. 

7. Rev. Samuel Madden, 

commonly called 
d. 1765. 

8. John Madden, Esq., 

d. 1791. 

7. Very Rev. John Madden, Dean of Kil- 
more, d. 1751. 

9. Samuel Madden, Esq., 
d. 1814. 

10. Col. John Madden, 
of Hilton, present 
head of the family. 

8. Rev. Samuel Mad- 

den, d. 1800. 

9. Major Charles 


4. Robert Madden, Esq., 

I of Donore, county 
of Dublin d 1635 

5. Jane Madden. 


6. Robert Goldsmith. 


7. Rev. Charles Gold- 


10. Rev. Samuel Mad- 
den, Prebendary 
of Blackrath, Kil- 
kenny, now living. 

8. OliverGoldsmith,M.D. 
born at Auburn, co. 
"Westmeath (as prov- 
ed by an entry on 
the fly-leaf of his 
father's Bible, 29th 
Nov.1728), and died 
in London, 4th Ap- 
ril, 1774. 

8. Rev. John Mad- 

den, of Lon- 
D. D., born 

9. John Eles Mad- 

den, Dublin, 
d. 1817. 

10. John Madden, 

Esq., of Inch 
House, Bal- 
briggan, d. 

11. John Travers 

Madden, Esq., 
of Inch House. 

the name is a mere assumption. He may be right, cestor having come from England. 

but he had no knowledge of the fact of their an- J Did not believe it It would be very odd in- 

X 2 


i 5 6 


i, 2, 3. These three names which occur in this pedigree without any dates or other 
particulars are given on the following authorities : i, The Molyneux MS. in Trinity 
College, Dublin, F. 4. 1 8. 2, The books of the Herald's Office, Dublin. 3, A certifi- 
cate in said office, signed J. Madden, 3rd February, 1 640. 4, The pedigree in the 
possession of Colonel Madden, of Hilton, who says that it belonged to Premium 

4. Thomas Madden, of Baggotsrath, Esq He was the eldest son and heir of John 
Madden, of Bloxham, Beauchamp, in the county of Oxford, and settled at Baggotsrath, 
near Dublin. He was comptroller to Thomas Earl of Strafford, Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland. He died on the 3Oth of January, 1640, and was buried, on the ist of Febru- 
ary, at St. Werburgh's, Dublin. His will is dated 2Oth January, 1640, and was proved 
in the Prerogative Court, Dublin, on the 1 5th of February following. He married 
Elizabeth, sole daughter and heiress of William Petti ver, ofMiddleton Chiney, County 
of Northampton, Gent., and had issue six sons ; i, John Madden, his eldest son and 
heir; 2, William; 3, Thomas; 4, Matthew; 5, Menasses; 6, Joseph; and one daughter, 

5. John Madden, Esq., of Maddenlon, County of Kildare, and Enfield, County of 
Middlesex He was one of the attorneys of His Majesty's Court of Castle Chamber, 
also general solicitor for parliamentary sequestrations, 1644 to 1649. His marriage 
articles are dated 28th February, 1635. He died on the iyth of August, 1661, in the 
sixty-third year of his age, and was buried at Enfield. Administration was granted 
to his widow on the i8th of September, 1661. He married Elizabeth, eldest daughter 
and coheiress of Charles Waterhouse, of Manor Waterhouse, county of Fermanagh, 
Esq., by his wife, Etheldred, daughter of George Butler, of Strafford, County of Bed- 
ford, Esq. She died on the 9th of February, 1671, and was buried at St. Michan's, 
Dublin, on the I4th of February. He had issue five sons ; I, Thomas, who died an 
infant ; 2, Thomas, who was baptized on the 22nd of April, 1646, and died unmarried 
on the 1 6th of July, 1676 ; 3, A son, whose name is unknown, and died young ; 
4, John Madden, M. D., of Dublin, who became head of the family ; 5, Charles, who 
died at the age of six years, and two daughters, Elizabeth, who died young, and Anne, 
who married Josias, fourth Lord Castlestuart, of the county of Tyrone. 


deed, if John Madden, M. D., of Dublin, and rath, could believe that he himself was a Huguenot 
proprietor by inheritance of the Manor Water- clergyman, who fled from France at the Revo- 
house estate, in the county of Fermanagh, the cation of the Edict of Nantz, in 1685. 
grandson of Thomas Madden, Esq., of Baggots- 


The arms of the aforesaid Thomas Madden, who died without issue in 1676, are given 
in Gwillium's Heraldry, Ed. 1 679, p. 1 67, as follows : " Sable a falcon preying or, stand- 
ing with his wings expanded on a duck argent ; on a chief or, a cross Botonee, gules." 

6. John Madden, M. D., of Dublin, and of Manor Waterhouse, county of Fermanagh. 
He was baptized at Enfield, Middlesex, on the 29th March, 1648-9 ; took out admi- 
nistration to his father on the I7th November, 1681, in the Prerogative Court, Dublin, 
and died in 1703. His will is dated 2ist of August, 1703, and was proved on the 
6th November following in the Prerogative Court, Dublin. He had a valuable collec- 
tion of manuscripts relating to the genealogies and histories of many English and Irish 
families. In 1724 these manuscripts were in the possession of Dr. Stearne, Lord 
Bishop of Clogher, who at his death bequeathed all his manuscripts to Trinity College, 
Dublin. See Nicholson's Irish Historical Library, Dublin, 1724, p. 128. Dr. John 
Madden married, first, on the 2Oth May, 1680, Mary, daughter of Samuel Molyneux, 
of Dublin, and Castle Dillon, county of Armagh, granddaughter of Daniel Molyneux, 
Ulster King of Arms, and sister of Sir Thomas Molyneux, the first Baronet of that 
family. He had issue by her, i, John Madden, who died young ; 2, the Rev. Samuel 
Madden, D. D., commonly called Premium Madden, his successor. He married, se- 
condly, Frances, daughter of Nicholas Bolton, of Brazeil, county of Dublin, and had, 
i, Nicholas, and, 2, Bolton. Nicholas was left heir to his father in the lands of Tis- 
coffey and Lacken, in the county of Roscommon, and houses in Galway, which had 
been conveyed to Dr. John Madden by his cousin Edward Madden ; remainder to 
Bolton Madden and his heirs. 

7. Rev. Samuel Molyneux Madden, D. D He was called Samuel after his maternal 
grandfather, Samuel Molyneux. He was rector of Newtown Butler, or Galloon, in the 
county of Fermanagh, and afterwards succeeded to the family estate of Manor Water- 
house. He was born in Dublin on the 23rd of December, 1 686 ; entered Trinity College, 
Dublin, on the 28th February, 1700, and died on the 3ist December, 1765. His will 
is dated 9th March, 1761, and was proved on the I4th December, 1766, in the Prero- 
gative Court, Dublin. He was one of the founders of the Dublin Society, to which 
he left one hundred pounds per annum for premiums for Irish wrought goods. He 
also left his estate in the Corporation of Belturbet " to be employed in promoting 
virtue and learning in Trinity College, Dublin ;" and by the codicil to his will, dated 
August 7, 1762, he appointed trustees for the fund thus bequeathed, and directed 
that the whole produce of the fund, in one undivided sum, should be given after every 
Fellowship Examination "into the hand of that disappointed candidate whom the 
majority of his examiners shall declare to have best deserved to succeed if another 
fellowship had been vacant." (See the codicil in the Dublin University Calendar for 


i 5 8 

1834, p. 128). " The Madden Premium" on this foundation was first given in 1798. 
For these liberal endowments, and for his great zeal for the encouragement of the arts 
and of learning by premiums, he was generally called Premium Madden. Dr. Johnson 
says, " His was a name which Ireland ought to honour ;" and Mr. Sheridan, in an 
oration delivered in Dublin, December 6, 1757, speaking of the admirable institution 
of premiums, says, " whose author (Dr. Madden), had he never contributed any thing 
further to the good of his country, would have deserved immortal honour." In 1731 
he published " A Proposal for the general Encouragement of Learning in Trinity 
College," which in substance was afterwards adopted, and became the basis of the 
present system of examinations and prizes for undergraduates. He was the author of 
" Resolutions of Irish Gentlemen ;" " Themistocles, the Lover of his Country, a Tra- 
gedy ;" and " Boulter's Monument," a Poem on the death of Primate Boulter, from 
which Dr. Johnson has quoted a striking passage in his Dictionary, under the word 
Sport. He also published " Memoirs of the Twentieth Century," 6 vols. London, 1733, 
a work which was suppressed a fortnight after its publication, and is now very scarce k . 

Dr. Madden married Jane, daughter of Magill, Kirkstown, county of Armagh, 

Esq., and had issue five sons ; I, Rev. Thomas Madden, who left no issue ; 2, Samuel 
Molyneux Madden, whose issue became extinct ; 3, John Madden, who succeeded to 
the family estates ; 4, Edward Madden, of Spring Grove, county of Fermanagh ; 
5, William Madden, who died unmarried ; and five daughters, Mary, Lucy, Jane, 
Alice, and Elizabeth. 

8. John Madden, Esq., of Maddenton, County of Monaghan His marriage license 

is dated 2Oth March, 1752, and his will is dated 2nd October, 1758, and was proved 
in the Prerogative Court, Dublin, on the 2nd March, 1791. He was buried at Drung, 

in the county of Cavan. He married Anne, daughter of Cope, of Loughgall, 


k Very scarce. Although this work is announc- 
ed to be in six volumes, only one was ever printed, 
and it is doubtful whether more were really in- 
tended: it was dedicated ironically to Frederic 
Prince of "Wales. It is now so scarce that Nichols 
says he never heard of more than two copies of it, 
one belonging to Mark Cephas Tutet, Esq., the 
other belonging to Mr. Tickel, which was pur- 
chased in 1782, for 10s. 6d. by Mr. Brindley, 
from H. Chapman, a London bookseller (Lite- 
rary Anecdotes, vol. ii. pp. 32. 100). Its full title, 
as given by Nichols, is, " Memoirs of the Twen- 

tieth century : being original Letters of State 
under George the Sixth, relating to the most im- 
portant events in Great Britain and Europe, as 
to Church and State, Arts and Sciences, Trade, 
Taxes, and Treaties, Peace and War ; and Cha- 
racters of the greatest Persons of those Times ; 
from the middle of the Eighteenth to the end of 
the Twentieth Century, and the World. Received 
and revealed in the year 1728; and now published 
for the instruction of all eminent Statesmen, 
Churchmen, Patriots, Politicians, Projectors, 
Papists, and Protestants. In six volumes," 8ro. 

county of Armagh, Esq., M. P., and had issue one son, his successor (No. 9), and four 
daughters, Jane, Anne, Elizabeth, and Sarah. 

9. Colonel Samuel Madden, of Maddenton, now Hilton, county of Monaghan He 

was born in June, 1756, and died on the i ith of June, 1814, and was buried at Clones, 
in the county of Monaghan. He married Catherine, daughter of the Eev. Charles 
Dudley Ryder, son of the Most Reverend John Ryder, Lord Archbishop of Tuam, and 
had issue two sons ; i, Colonel John Madden, of Hilton, county of Monaghan, the 
present head of the family ; 2, Charles Dudley Madden, of Spring Grove, county of 
Fermanagh, and four daughters, Catherine, Anne, Charlotte, and Maria Alicia. 

10. Colonel John Madden, of Hilton and Manor Waterhouse, Esq He" was born 
on the i ith of December, 1782. He married on the 8th October, 1835, Sydney Anne, 
daughter of Admiral William Wolseley, of Rosstrevor, county of Down, and has issue 
John Madden, born 26th August, 1836 ; Charles Dudley Ryder Madden, born 3rd 
May, 1839; and William Wolseley Madden, born 26th July, 1840. This Colonel 
Madden is now the senior representative of Premium Madden ; and the Manor Water- 
house estate has descended to him through the said Premium Madden, so that it is 
ridiculous to suppose that the " Madains" of France went to law for the family pro- 
perty, or that Premium Madden died without issue. 



The O'Mainnins were the ancient chieftains of the cantred of Sodhan, and resided 
at Clogher, in the barony of Tiaquin, until about the year 1352, when O'Kelly hanged 
O'Mainnin and took possession of his castle of Clogher. After this the chief of the 
name settled at Menlagh-O'Mainnin, in the parish of Killascobe, barony of Tiaquin, 
and county of Gal way, and about three miles and a half south-west of Castle-Blakeney, 
where the ruins of his castle are still to be seen. The O'Mainnins are one of the few 
families of Hy-Many who are not of the same race with O'Kelly ; they descend from 
Sodhan Salbuidhe, son of Fiacha Araidhe, king of Ulster, about the year of Christ 236 ; 
and it is highly probable that Sodhan settled in Connaught earlier than the ancestor 
of the O'Kellys, but the exact period of the settlement of either is not entered in the 
authentic Irish Annals. The other families of the race of Sodhan Salbuidhe seated 
in this territory were the Mac Wards, O'Scurrys, O'Lennans, O'Casans, O'Giallas, 
O'Maigins, and O'Duvegans, now called Dugans and Duggans, but though several 
notices of these families are found in the authentic Irish Annals, no line of pedigree 
of any of them has yet been discovered in any of our genealogical MSS., which is very 
strange, as both the latter families were professors of poetry and history, as we learn 



from the notices of them in the Irish Annals, and from O'Flaherty, who writes : 
" De his antiquarise et poeticse facultatis Wardseorum et O'Duveganorum familiae pro- 
dierunt." Ogygia, p. 327. See also page 72, Note d , supra. 

The earliest notice of the family of O'Mainnin, or Mannion, as the name is now 
generally written, is found in the Chronicon Scotorum at the year 1 135 : 

" A. D. 1135 The battle ofMongachwas gained by the Sil-Muiredhaigh over 
the Hy-Many, ubi multi ceciderunt, together with Conor O'Kelly and O'Mainnin, 
KING of Soghan." 

In 1377, O'Mainnin is mentioned in the Annals of Clonmacnoise and of the Four 
Masters, as chief of Sodhan, and styled in the former " a good house-keeper." He 
joined Melaghlin O'Kelly and Mac William Burke, of Clanrickard, against Rory 
O'Conor, king of Connaught. 

The following curious deed was drawn up in the year 1583, between two parties 
of this tribe by the Brehon of Hy-Many, Baothghalach [Boethius], son of Flaithgheal 
Mac Egan. The original, which is on parchment, and in the hand- writing of Mac 
Egan, is in the possession of James Hardiman, Esq., author of the History of Galway. 
The orthography is in many instances corrupt, the words being written as they are 
pronounced at the present day in the district ; but the Editor is unwilling to correct 
it, as any alteration of the original would impair the authenticity of the document, 
which should be scrupulously preserved. It is probable that the Brehon adopted the 
words and pronunciation of the district to render the deed perfectly intelligible to the 
parties concerned, most, if not all, of whom would appear to have been illiterate, as 
none subscribed his name in writing. 

lhC, "IHS. 

"Ipe" aobap in pcpibmn po, .1. o'd " The purport of this writing is to make 
poillpiujao 50 can^aoap clann t)iap- manifest that the sons of Diarmaid O'Main- 
maoa 1 ITIainnin, ajjjup mac Gooa, true nin and the son of Aodh, son of Irial, and 
Ipicul, ajup clann Uilliam, mic t)om- the sons of William, son of Domhnall, son 
ricnll, mic Ipiail, a^upplicc^'olla dopa of Irial, and the descendants of Giolla- 
[recte ^lolla lopa] TJuaio, DO lacaip losa Ruadh, came before Tadhg O'Kelly 
Caioj 1 Ceallaij, ajup Concabaip 1 an d Conchobhar O'Kelly, on a question of 
Ceallai j, a j-cap peapamn DO bi 05 in land which the former tribe had from the 
plicc pin o plicc ^lolla Qopa, ajup acaic descendants of Giolla-Iosa Ruadh, and this 
in plicc pin o'a bpeir DO pojain in pea- tribe have consented to surrender the land 
pann DO lijm oib, ajup a cabaipc DO to the posterity of Giolla losa ; and the 
plichc Jiolla Cfopa ; ajup ap e ace ap condition on which they surrender it to 
a b-puilic piac o'a cabaipc ooib, a n- them is as follows, viz., that they shall 


jeall ap 

Ctopa [rectefyolla. 

lopa] oo beic acu a n-ai^e jach uile 
ouine DCC cuicpium ocpum a copaij 
agup a n-egopai^, ajup cunum beil 
ajup laime oo cabaipc ooib, agup gac 
cunum aile oa m-beic accu od ma cpeipe 
leob na le clamn Oiapmuoa, mup ca 
cunum 6aile moip agup cunum jac 
pleedla aile oa m-beic ap clamo Diap- 
maoa, ugup ap mac Gooa, mic Ipail, 
agup ap damn Uilliam, mic t)omnaill, 
mic Ipail ; ajup o'piacaib orpu-pan cu- 
num pe plico 5'^ a Clopa mup in ceona, 
oa ma cpeipe leob na le plicc ^5'^ a 
Qopa. tlrup ap e peapann acaic piac 
DO cabaipc ooib pa'n cunnpao pin, .1. a 
j-cuio DO Chuill a maolam, ujup oo 
pugaoap pin DO pojain gun plecdil DO 
cup ap plicc 5'^ a Qopa, ace in peap- 
ann DO ligm cucuvh uo lipji clampaip 
DO reanjmail acuppa pein ajup clunn 
^iclla Qopa, agup gup b'f-eapp leob 
acu lac nd m peupann, DO peip opoaije 
Uaioj 1 Ceallaij ocup Concabuip 1 
Ceallaij : ogup acaic in oa plicc pin 
ceangailce o'a cede, agup a plicc 'n a 
n-oiaj 50 bpctc a n-ui^e jac uile ouine 
oa cuicpeam orpurii, ajup lac pein DO 
beic'na m-bpaicpeacha jail eig na ceile, 
DO peip mup oupumap pomuinn. Qgup 
ni eile, od n-eipioum impipin eacuppa, 
ni'l cumap pjailce ap in cunnpao po ac 
molum Caioj 1 Ceallai^ agup Corica- 
baip 1 Ceallaij, ajup plaicgil TTlic 
Qooajam DO oenurii a j-cail a n-impi- 
pin DO c-pldnujao acuppa; ajup gibe 
acu DO cleipurh ap a ceile caipippm, aca 

have the Slicht Giolla-Iosa to assist them, 
against every man that may oppose them 
in right or in wrong, and that they shall 
receive from them aid of mouth and hand 
[i. e. word and deed~\, and every other as- 
sistance in their power, should they be 
more powerful than the sons of Diarmaid ; 
such as assistance at the town, and assis- 
tance in every other kind of pleading in 
which the sons of Diarmaid and the son of 
Aodh, son of Irial, and the sons of William, 
son of Donihnall, son of Irial, may be en- 
gaged. And they are bound to assist the 
race of Giolla-Iosa in like manner, should 
they be more powerful than the race of 
Giolla-Iosa. And the land which they 
surrender to them on the said condition is 
their portion of Caill a Maolain. And they 
have consented not to go to law with the 
posterity of Giolla-Iosa, but to surrender 
the land to them, not wishing that a dis- 
sension should arise between themselves 
and the posterity of Giolla-Iosa, for they 
prefer having them as friends to the pos- 
session of the land, according to the re- 
commendation of Tadhg O'Kelly and Con- 
chobhar O'Kelly, and these two tribes are 
to be united to each other for ever against 
every man that may oppose them, and to 
be as brethren of the same blood to each 
other, as we have said before. And more- 
over, should a dissension arise between 
them, there is no power to dissolve this 
compact, but to submit to the adjudication 
of Tadhg O'Kelly, Conchobhar O'Kelly, 
and Flaithgheal Mac Egan, to settle the 
dissension ; and whichever of them shall 
Y commit 


xx.e punc DO phein 05 in m-bannpiaj- 
am aip, a^up xx.e punc 05 plicc inline 
mic Oiapmaoa ap in ce acu DO oenurii 
in cleipum, ajup aca xx.e punc acu 
pein ap a ceile, jibe acu DO oenurii in 
cleipurh, ap a ceile aca in xx.e punc 
pin DO pein 05 in plicc eile ocpurii. Gjup 
ap iao piaonaipe DO bi DO lacaip in cun- 
napca pin DO oenum, .1. ^065 O'Ceall- 
aij ajup Concabap O'Ceallaij, agup 
mipi &aocjalach, mac plaicjil, DO bi 
DO lacaip in curtnapca pin DO oenuvh, 
ajup DO pjpib pin DO coil in oa pann, 
arup ap e loj a pgpibca in TTIullach 
mop, a^up ap e la DO fjpiba h-e, .1. an 
dome poim Cmjcip, ajup ap i aoip in 
Uiajapna in can pa, .1. ceacpa bliaona, 
a^up ceacpa xx. ic, ajup u. c. ajup m. e 
bliaoam 50 n-ollaij peo cujamn. 
j-TTlipi QOD O'TTlainnin. 
flTlipi Caoj O'Ceallaij. 
j-TTlipi Concabap O'Ceallai^. 
fTTlipi t)orhnall Capac, mac Uomaip, 

mic Oomnaill. 

j-rnipiCaDjOTDamnin, mact)iapmaoa. 
f ITIipi Sean O'lTlainnin, mac Diapmaoa. 
j-TDipi Uomap O'lTlainnin, mac Qooa, 

mic Ipail. 
j-TTlipi t)onnchao O'lTlainnin, mac ITIaj- 


j-niipi Uomap O'lTlainnin. 
j- TTlipi Domnall O'mainnm,mac U illiam. 
j-TTIipi Sean OTllainnin, mac Qc6a. 
fTTlipi Ruaipi O'TTlainnin. 
jTTlipi TYlaoilpeachlamn O'TTlainnfn. 
j-THipi Dunaoa O'TTlainnin. 
j-lTlipi Oomnall O'TTlainnin. 

t)onnchao O'TTlainnin." 

commit outrage on the other, in violation 
of this compact, shall pay twenty pounds 
fine to the Queen, and twenty pounds to 
the descendants of the daughter of the son 
of Diarmaid, and twenty pounds to the 
party injured; that is, the aggressors shall 
pay twenty pounds to the party aggrieved. 
And the witnesses who are present at 
the making of this compact are, Tadhg 
O'Kelly and Conchobhar O'Kelly, and I, 
Boethius, son of Flaithgheal, who wrote it 
by consent of both parties. The place 
where it was written is Mullach Mor, and 
the day on which it was written is the 
Friday before Whitsuntide, and the age of 
the Lord at this time is four years and 
four score and five hundred and a thousand 
years against Christmas next approaching 

I am Aodh O'Mainnin. 
I am Tadhg O'Kelly. 
I am Conchabhar O'Kelly. 
I am Domhnall Carrach, son of Concha- 
bhar, son of Domhnall. 
I am Tadhg O'Mainnin, son of Diarmaid. 
I am John O'Mainnin, son of Diarmaid. 
I am Thomas O'Mainnin, son of Aodh, son 

of Irial. 
I amDonnchadh O'Mainnin, son ofMagh- 


I am Thomas O'Mainnin. 
I am Domhnall O'Mainnin, son of William. 
I am John O'Mainnin, son of Aodh. 
I am Ruairi O'Mainnin. 
I am Maoilseachlainn O'Mainnin. 
I am Dunadha O'Mainnin. 
I am Domhnall O'Mainnin. 
I am Donnchadh O'Mainnin." 


The earliest notice of this family which the Editor has met with in the English 
records is in an inquisition taken at Galway on the 1st of April, 1585, before John 
Crofton, from which it appears that William O'Manyne was in possession of the 
townlands of Cooloorta and Drysseghan, in the. barony of Teaquine, in the country of 
Imany, commonly called O'Kelly's country. The next notice of this family is found 
in an inquisition taken at the town of Athenry on the 22nd October, 1586, which 
runs as follows : 

" Inquisitio capta apud Villam de Athenry, 22 Octobris, 1586, coram Johanne 
Crofton, per sacramentum proborum, qui dicunt quod Hugo O'Mauyne diem claudebat 
extremum 15 Augusti 1586, seisitus de feodo de dimidio quarterii terre vocato Myn- 
lagh-Eighter, et de alio dimidio quarter, in Ballyneforagh, et de uno capitali reditu 
exeunte de Ballycrussyne, ac de uno alio capitali redditu in Crese Mac Donnoghmore. 
Et quod tenuit predictum dimidium quarter, vocatum Mynlagh-Eighter, ac predic- 
tum dimidium quarter, vocatum Ballyneforagh, ac predictum redditum in Ballagh- 
cressine et predictum redditum in Cressy-Mac-Donnoghmore, de Regina in capite, sed 
per que servitia ignorant. Quod Tadeus O'Manyne, filius predicti Hugonis est ejus 
proximus heres, et etatis inter quatuor et quinque amiorum, tempore obitus patris 
sui predicti, et non maritatus. Quod Syly Ny-Manyne, alias Syly Ny-Daly fait uxor 
predicti Hugonis que est dotanda ex premissis." 

The next record relating to this family is an inquisition taken at Tuam on the 
1 8th of July, 1609, before Nicholas Brady. It is in Latin, and the substance of it is 
as follows : " That Hugo, otherwise Hugh Mac Teige O'Manen, died on the 5th of 
April, 1589 ; that he was seized in fee of half a quarter of land in Minlagh-Eighter, 
of one quarter in Crosse-Oughter, of three half cartrons in Crosse-Mac- Donnoghmore, 
of three half cartrons in Derryglassan, of three half cartrons in Shrahillagh and Kil- 
lymoyllan 1 , of half a quarter of laud in Bally uafouragh, and of the three-fourths of the 
land called ' The Island,' and of half the castle called Mynlagh, and of one-half of all 
the tenements in the village of Mynlagh. That Thomas O'Mannin is the son and heir of 
the aforesaid Hugh Mac Teige, and was of full age and married at the time of his said 
father's death. That the premises are held of the king by knight's service. That the 
aforesaid Thomas claims another half cartron in Crosse-Mac-Donnoghmore, another 
half cartron in Derryglassan, another half cartron in Shrahillagh and Killymoillan, 
and the other quarter of ' The Island' aforesaid. And that the aforesaid Thomas has 
a right and title to all the lands last specified." 

In another inquisition taken at Kilconnell on the 26th of September, 1617, before 


1 This is the townland called Caill a Maolain in the Irish deed of 1584, above given. 



Sir Charles Coote, the townlands then held by all the members of the O'Mannin family 
are enumerated, and the Editor is tempted to give a list of the names of their lands 
here, as it will help to point out the situation of their ancient territory of Sodhan. 
Aghelawkill, Gilkagh, Shrahillagh, Rosse, Shanvally, Menlagh (on which stood a castle 
and bawne), Derryglassan, Cross-Eighter, Killy-Moylan, Tonlegee, Lissebarry, Clone- 
keen, Ballaghnagrossine, Kilnemocle, Clooncorin, Ballinescragh, Cross-Oughter, Cross- 
Mac-Donnoghmore, Iskerroe, Graiglaban, Lisloghagh, Classaght, and Garrenemoddagh. 
The lands here enumerated are nearly all known by the same names at the present 
day, and are situated in the vicinity of Menlagh O'Mannin, in the barony of Tiaquin. 

It appears that in the year 1629, the title of Thomas O'Mannin, mentioned in the 
inquisition of 1609, was disputed, and accordingly an inquisition was taken in the 
Abbey of St. Francis on the iyth of March, 1629, before Malby Brabazon, to inquire 
into the nature of his tenure ; and it was found that Hugh O'Mannin, the father of 
Thomas, had surrendered his property to the king on the I2th of September, 1617, 
and that the king, by his letters patent, had granted the premises to the aforesaid 
Thomas and his heirs, and that they were held as the law requires. 

On the 2nd of July, 1618, the custody of the body and marriage of Brian O'Manyn, 
son and heir of Malachy, otherwise Melaghlin O'Manyn, late of Ballynygrossny, Gent., 
was granted to Richard Busher for a fine of twenty-six pounds sterling. 

During the civil wars of 1641, the O'Mannins forfeited all their property, but 
a few of them were restored to small portions of the original cantred under the Act of 
Settlement, as appears by the Rolls of Connaught Certificates preserved in the office 
of the Chief Remembrancer of the Exchequer, Dublin. By certificate on first Roll, 
Memb. 7, dated i6th February, 1676, it appears that sixty-one acres of profitable land 
in the half quarter of Clouneagh, in the barony of Kilconnell, and county of Galway, 
were adjudged and decreed to Donogh Manen and Honor, his wife. 

By a certificate on the third Roll, Membrane 24, dated 3rd February, 1676, it ap- 
pears that the half quarter of Curraghmore, the half quarter of Newcastle, and the 
lands of Magheremanagh, situated in the barony of Tiaquin, and county of Galway, 
were adjudged and decreed to John Brown, in trust for the sons of Rose Mannen, 
lately deceased. And by a certificate on the fifth Roll, dated i6th August, 1677, it 
appears that ninety-three acres, three quarters, and thirty-two perches of land in the 
towns and lands of Cloonebannas, Kilcreen, Lisnegroth, Lissegegan, and Clonsee, in 
the barony of Kilconnell, and county of Galway, were adjudged and decreed to Thomas 
Mannin ; and it is recited that these lands were formerly set out to Teige Manin, as a 
transplanted person, by the late pretended commissioners sitting at Loughrea. Their 
descendants have since sold these lands, and there is not one of the name now in Con- 

i6 5 

naught who possesses an acre of landed property, but there are several respectable 
persons of the name scattered over the county of Galway. Mr. Paul Mannin, of Tuam, 
Coroner of the county of Galway, is supposed to be the senior representative of the 

NOTE D. Seepage 19. 

There were several families of this name in Ireland, but those of Magh Finn, in 
Hy-Many, were by far the most distinguished. They are a branch of the O'Kellys 
who took a separate surname after their ancestor Eochaidh O'Kelly, son of Diannaid, 
son of Domhnall, son of Tadhg Tailltenn O'Kelly. The pedigree of Doctor William 
Makeogh has been already given in the Genealogical Table ; and there is a short notice 
of the family preserved in a paper MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, which 
is worth publishing, as it preserves some curious notices of the family not given in the 
Book of Lecan, or in any other authority known to the Editor : 

"t)omnall, mac Caioj Caillrenn, ip "Domhnall, son of Tadhg Taillten, is 
ceap DO piol 5-Ceallai uile ap peao the stirpes of all the O'Kellys throughout 

all Hy-Many. He was twenty years in 
the chieftainship of Hy-Many. This Domh- 
nall had five good sons, namely, Conchc- 
bhar, Eoghan, Thomas, Bishop of Clonfert- 
Brendan a , Lochlainn, and Diarmaid. Con- 
chobhar, the sinsear [eldest son], was the 
father of Donnchadh Muimhneach, from 

Uip TTldine uile. pice bliaocnn oo a 
b-plmceap ITIaine. Cuij meic maire 
05 an Oomnall po, .1. Concobap, Go jan, 
Comap, Gapbuj Cluana Pepca 6pean- 
umn, ajup 6oclamn ajup t)iapmaio. 
Concobap an pinpeap, araip Oonnchaio 
muimni, ip uao a cdio n^eapnaoa 
TTlainec uile, ace ceacpap. G6un, mac 
<Qomnaill, a quo Clannmaicm Goj^ain, 
ceirpi plara ap a lopj ; Qc Naopluuij 
ajup Uuaim Spurpa a lon^popc, .1. 
plioccSiacaip. Coclamn, mactDorhnaill, 
ip uao piol g-Ceallai^; Claoai j, Clua- 

whom all the subsequent lords of Hy-Many 
are descended, excepting four. From 
Eoghan, son of Domhnall, a quo Clann- 
maicni Eoghain, four chieftains sprung, 
i. e. the Sliocht Siacais. Their mansion 
seats were Ath Nadsluaigh b and Tuaim 


* Clitana Ferta Breamtinn, i. e. Clonfert of St. 
Brendan, the name of the patron saint being usually 
added to distinguish it from other places of the 
name in Ireland, as Cluain Ferta Molua, at the 
foot of Slieve Bloom, in the Queen's County, &c. 

b Ath Nadsluaigh, i. e. the ford of Nadsluaigh, 

so called from Nadsluaigh, son of Feradhach, and 
brother of Cairbre Crom, chief of Hy-Many. It 
is now called Beal Atha Nadhsluaigh in Irish, and 
anglicised Ballinasloe See Genealogical Table, 
No. 6, and p. 27, supra. 

1 66 

Sruthra. From Lochlainn, the son of 
Domhnall, have sprung the O'Kellys of 
Cladach, Cluain Cuill, Cluain buarain, 
Bearna dhearg, and Dun na monadh. 
From Diarmaid, the son of Domhnall, 
are the Sil-Kelly, of Magh Finn, i. e. the 
Clann Eochadha \_Makeoghs~\, with their 
correlatives. Diarmaid had a son, Eoch- 
aidh, a quo Clann Eochaidh. Eochaidh 
had a son Thomas. Thomas had two good 
sons, namely, Nichol Mor, lord of Magh 
Finn, and parson of Ath na riogh (At/t- 
enry), who, after having settled his sons in 
his own inheritance went into the church. 
The other son of Thomas was Simon ; he 
was Deacon of Clonfert, and the best head 
to strangers, the feeble, the exiled, and the 
poor. Nichol Mor had two sons, namely, 
Nichol Og and Tadhg, of Cluain Bigin c , 
of whose race but few exist. Nichol Og 
(the son of Nichol Mor, son of Thomas, 
son of Eochaidh, son of Diarmaid) had five 
sons, viz., Donnchadh, the eldest; Magh- 
nus, Prior of Athlone ; Thomas ; Domhnall ; 
and William. The portion of the territory 
which belonged to Domhnall and William 
extended from Braoieol d downwards, and 
Donnchadh's share extended from Braoieol 
upwards. Maghnus, Prior of Athlone, left 
no issue." 
After this is given the descent of five branches of the Makeoghs, as represented in 

the following table : 


na cuill, Cluana &uapam, na 6eapna 
oeipje, ajup t)un na monao. tDiapmaio, 
mac tDomnaill, ip uao piol j-Ceallaij 
TTluije pmn, .1. Clann Gochaoa co n-a 
j-coimneapaib. TTlac DO tDhiapmaio 
Gochaio, a quo Clann Gocaio ; mac 
o'Gochaio Comap ; oa mac maice le 
Comap, .1. Nicol TTlop, cijeapna TTluije 
Pmn, ajup peappun Qca na pfo, ajup 
ap b-pajbail a clomne i n-a comapbup 
DO cuaio 'p an Gajlaip. Sioman an 
mac ele DO Uhomap DO bf 'n a tDheganac 
Cluana Peapc, cenn, aoioeao ajup anb- 
pann, oeopaoa agup oeblen DO b'peapp. 
Nicol TTlop, cpd, oa mac leip .1. Nicol 
Oj, agup Caoj Cluana bijin ajup ap 
beaj a cineil. Micol Oj, mac Nicoil 
TTlhoip, mic Comaip, mic Gchach, mic 
tDiapmaoa, cuij meic mairi leip, .1. 
t)onnchao an pinpeap, TTlajnup an Ppi- 
oip Qca tuain, Uomap, tDomnall ajup 
Uilliam. CUID ponna t)omnaill ajup 
Uilliam 6 6hpaoieol piop, tDonnchaio 
umoppa 6 bhpaoieol puap. tD'imrij 
TTlajnup Ppioip Qca 6uain jan lopj." 

c Cluain Bigin, now Cloonbiggin. See the 
Map prefixed to this Tract. 

d Braoieol Now Anglicised Briole : the name 
is written more correctly Bruigheol by Duald 
Mac Firbis, in his account of the Firbolgic tribes 

of Connaught. The place is still well known, 
and is a wild and rocky townland, situated in the 
south of the parish of Taghboy, barony of Ath- 
lone, and county of Boscommon See Map pre- 
fixed to this tract. 


24. Tadhg Taillten O'Kelly. 


25. Domhnall Mor O Kelly. 


26. Diarmaid O Kelly. 

27. Eochaidh, a quo Mac Eochadha, or Makeogh. 


28. Thomas Makeogh. 

29. Nichol Mor M'K., lord of Magh 
Finn and parson of Athenry. 

29. Simon M'K., deacon of 

30. Nichol Oge M'K., of Carraig. 

30. Tadhg M'K., of 

Cluain Bigin. 




31. Maghnus 







the sinsear. 



Thomas Og. 





prior of 





Aodh M'K. 













Conchobhar M'K. 





Colla. 34. 






Tadhg M'K. 


Thomas Og. 


Edmond. 35. 





Maoileachlainn an 








VA ' A 36. 




William M'K. 



37. John, [qr. is he the 

37. Dr. William. 37. Domhnall. 


Author of the Irish 


There are several respectable gentlemen of this family still in the original terri- 
tory of Magh Finn, as R. Keogh, Esq., of Fighill, in the parish of Taghmaconnell, 
and Ross Keogh, Esq., of Keoghville, in the same parish ; and there are also several 
gentlemen of the same family in Dublin, but the Editor does not know who is the pre- 
sent head of the name. The Keoghs of Roscommon are to be distinguished from the 
Keoghs, or Kehoes, of the counties of Wicklow, Carlow, and Wexford, who are of a 
totally different race. The Rev. John Keogh, the author of the Irish Herbal and Irish 
Zoology and of the short Statistical Account of the County of Roscommon, preserved 
in MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, was of the Roscommon family. He 
lived for several years near Strokestown, in the county of Roscommon, where he had 
a small estate, which was sold soon after his death by his son. He wrote a short ac- 
count of himself and family, which is very scarce. He is now vividly remembered in 
the tradition of the neighbourhood of Strokestown as an astrologer and soothsayer ! 


NOTE E. Seepage 31. 

Maelisa Euadh Mac Egan, the last mentioned in the Book of Lecan (iibi svpra, p. 31), 
died, according to the Annals of Clonmacnoise, in the year 1317. His death is thus 
entered in Mageoghegan's translation : 

"A. D. 1317 Moyleissa Roe Mackeigan" [recte Mac Egan], " the best learned in 

Ireland in the Brehon Law, in Irish called Fenechus, died." 

Under this entry Mageoghegan has given the following curious note on the pro- 
fession or hereditary office of this family : 

" This Fenechus, or Brehon Lawe, is none other but the Civil Law, which the 
Brehons had to themselves in an obscure and unknown language, which none cou'd 
understand except those that studied in the open schooles they had. Some were 
judges and others were admitted to plead as Barristers, and for their fees costs and all, 
received the eleventh part of the thing in demand of the party for whom it was or- 
dered ; the loser paid no costes. The Brehons of Ireland were divided into sever all 
tribes and families, as the Mackeigans, O'Deorans, O'Bresleans, and Mac Tholies. 
Every country [i. e. territory] had its peculiar Brehon [bpeirearh] dwelling within 
itself, that had power to decide the causes of that contrey, and to maintain their con- 
troversies against their neighbour contreys, by which they held their lands of the 
Lord of the contrey where they dwelt. This was before the Laws of England were 
in full force in this land, and before the kingdom was divided into shyres." 

The pedigrees of various branches of this family are given by Duald Mac Firbis 
in his Genealogical MS. p. 320, et seq., and among the rest that of Cairbre Mac Egan, 
Brehon to Mac Carthy More ; but the Editor, not being able to carry any of the 
branches down to any one member of the family now living, does not think it ne- 
cessary here to give a meagre list of names without dates or historical notices. In the 
year 1602, the most distinguished branch of this family lived in the castle of Coillte 
Euadha, now Kiltyroe, or Eedwood, near the Shannon, in the parish of Lorrha, barony 
of Lower Ormond, and county of Tipperary, in the neighbourhood of which the head 
of that branch still retains a small patrimonial estate of about three hundred Irish 
acres. The Editor has taken some trouble to carry up his pedigree to Dionysius Mac 
Egan, who lived in the castle of Coillte Euadha in 1602, but has not as yet been able 
to do so satisfactorily. In the Molyneux MS. in Trinity College, Dublin (F. 4. 18. 2), 
six generations of the pedigree of the Ormond branch of the Mac Egans are given as 
follows : 



Gillananeav Mor Mac Egan. 


Cosnev of Ballymaeegan. 



Teige Mac Egan, of Lisleagh, married Ellen, daughter of Iriel O'Kennedy, of Castletown, Gent., 
and had issue Teige, Dermod, Patrick, "Winifred, and Daniel. 

Teige Mac Egan, married Honora, daughter of Stephen O'Carroll, of Cullennane, in the King's 

There was another branch of them seated at Park, to the north-east of Tuam, in the 
county of Galway, and another at Dun Doighre, now Duniiy, in the south-east of the 
county of Galway (see Map), where the celebrated Leabhar Breac, or Speckled Book 
of the Mac Egans, now preserved in the Library of the Eoyal Irish Academy, was 
compiled, and where the site, and some traces of the ruins, of their house, which tra- 
dition says was a college, is still pointed out. 

NOTE F. Seepage 32. 

The following pedigree of the family of O'Donnellan, procured for the Editor by 
D. H. Kelly, of Castlekelly, Esq., though engrafted on a false stem, is worth pre- 
serving ; as having been compiled about ninety years ago by Teige O'Dugan, whose 
ancestors had been the hereditary bards and historians of Hy-Many, when it may 
be supposed that several historical documents and traditions, since lost, were extant 
in the territory. This pedigree deduces the descent of the O'Donnellans from Mui- 
readhach Muilleathan, king of Connaught, who died in the year 700 or 701 (vide supra, 
p. 73, Note f ), and who was the ancestor of the O'Conors of Connaught, but we have 
already seen (p. 33) that the O'Donnellans of Hy-Many are of the same descent with 
O'Kelly, and descend from Dluthach, chief of Hy-Many, who died in 738. It is 
highly probable that Teige O'Dugan has magnified the account of this family to flatter 
the O'Donnellan of the time, but as he has collected much authentic information, the 
Editor is tempted to give his very words, making such remarks on his errors as may 
appear necessary. 

Extract of a Genealogical Account of the O" 1 Donnellans, of BaUt/donnettan. 

" The Ballydonellan family is descended from Heremon, one of the sons of the 

great Milesius, who, with his brother Heber, and a colony from Phoenicia [recte Spain], 

landed in Ireland A. M. 2736. Heber and Heremon became kings of Ireland, and the 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. 9. Z sovereignty 

sovereignty was possessed by descendants of theirs till A. D. 1172, when Henry the 
Second of England obtained it from Roderick O' Conor, King of Connaught and 
monarch of all Ireland. But the sceptre of Connaught remained in the family of 
O 1 Conor till the year 1406 ; Terlough O' Conor, the last real King of Connaught, was 
killed the 4th December, in that year. The present Alexander O'Conor Don, of Clonalis, 
is the head of that most ancient family, and next to him is Owen O'Conor, Esq., of 
Belanagare, in Roscommon. 

" The O'Conors and the O'Donelans, of Ballydonellan, are descended from the 
same ancestry*. 

" Murrogh Molahon, or Molathon b (i. e. Morough the longheaded or wise), a cele- 
brated prince of the house of Heremon, was king of Connaught, and died in the year 
701, leaving five sons ; from Enraghta (called Enraghter by some Irish writers), the 
eldest son, the O'Conors are descended ; and from Cahal c , the second son, the O'Donelans, 
of Ballydonelan, are descended. Cahal, on the death of his father, had very large pos- 
sessions in the counties of Galway and Roscommon. His son, Artgal, was raised to 
the throne of Connaught, and tradition says he was crowned on a lofty hill north of 
the castle, and part of the estate of Ballydonelan, called in consequence thereof 
Doonaree, which in English is King's Mount. In the tenth century, about the year 
936, a descendant of his built a castle at Ballydonelan, called the Black Castle, part 
of which is still remaining. When surnames took place they were established in Con- 
naught under Teigue, its king, who assumed the surname of O'Conor, in honour of 
Conor, his grandfather ; in like manner Melaghlin (Malachy in English) assumed the 
surname of O'Donelan, in honour of Donelan, his grandfather, a celebrated warrior. 
Several of the family carried the royal standard as first princes of the blood ; eighteen 
of them died in the bed of honour, in defence of that standard, at the battle of Tur- 
laghvohan, near Tuam, fought between Hiigh O'Conor, commonly called Hugh longagh 
^V arna d , son to Teigue an Eaghgill 6 , King of Connaught, and Hugh O'Rorke, King of 

" There was an antient family of the name of Donnellan in Gloucestershire, in Eng- 
land, who most probably were descended from the Ballydonelan family, though they 


* Same ancestry. They meet in Cairbre Liff- p. 33 ED. 

echair, monarch of Ireland, A. D. 277, not d Hugh longagh Varna Recte Aedh, or Hugh 

earlier. ED. An Ghai Bhearnaigh, i. e. of the broken spear. 

b Molathon. Recte Muireadhach Muilleathan. He was slain in 1067. ED. 

Vide supra, p. 73, Note f ED. e Teigue anEaghyill liecte Tadhg an Eich ghil, 

Cahal This is a fabrication Vide supra, i. e. Teige, or Timothy of the white steed ED. 

spelled their name with two TZ'S and two f s f , but the coats of arms, crests, and mottoa 
were the same. In the Irish character the name was always spelled with one n and 
one /, so from analogy should it be in English 8 , and so the Donelans of Ballydonelan 
evermore spelled it ; they continued the O' before the surname for several centuries 
as a distinguishing mark of Irish descent : 

" Per 6 vel mac veri noscuntur Hiberni, 
His signis demptis nullus Hibernus erit. 

" The Black Castle, as before recited, in the tenth century 11 , was unroofed by Tiilly 
O'Donelan, a lineal descendant of Cahal already mentioned, and he built the present 
castle in the year 141 2, as appears by an inscription on a stone in said castle; Tully had 
another seat at Rossdonelan, in the county of Roscommon ; he built a chapel and 
cemetery at the abbey of Kilconnell, which to this day is called Chapel Tully'. The 
abbey was built in the year 1400 [recte 1353] by his father-in-law, William O' Kelly, 
of the castle of Calla [now the Bawn of Callow]. 

" Melagldin, the great great grandson of said Tully O'Donelan, was married to Sisly 
O'Kelly, daughter of William O'Kelly, of Calla, a descendant of the abovementioned 
William O'Kelly; Melaghlin died at Ballydonelan in the year 1548, leaving by his 
said wife, Nehemias, who was educated in England. Queen Elizabeth granted him the 
living \_quere diocese] of Tuam, and though he never was in holy ordersJ he was called 
Archbishop of Tuam. He was married to Elizabeth O'Donnell, daughter of Nicholas 
O'Donnell, grandson of the Earl [recte chief] of Tyrconnell. Nehemias died in 1589, 
leaving by his said wife, John, his eldest son. Sir James, his second son, was Lord 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in Ireland ; he was proprietor of the Nenagh estate, 
and some of his descendants represented the county of Tipperary in Parliament. Ed- 
rnond Donelan, of Killucan, in the county of Westmeath, was his third son ; Teigue, 
of Ballyheague, in the county of Kildare, his fourth son, and Murtough, his fifth son, 
was in holy orders. 

" John, the eldest son, was married to Dorothy, daughter of William Mostyn, go- 

f Twon's andtwol's And so they ought. ED. remain, and contain the tomb of the O'Donnellans, 

B In English There are two //'* in the Irish with a Latin inscription. ED. 

form of the name, and mn, thus, O'Oorhnal- ) Holy orders. O'Dugan evidently says this 

lain. Oorhnallan being a diminutive of t)om- because he did not choose to acknowledge the 

nail, which' is always written with //. ED. orders of the Reformed Church. Nehemiah Do- 

h Tenth century. The earliest castles of lime nellan was consecrated to the See of Tuam May 

and stone were built in Connaught in the year 18, 1595. Our author is therefore wrong in 

1124, according to the Irish Annals ED. stating that he died in 1589. He resigned his See 

' Chapel Tully The ruins of this chapel still in 1609, and soon after died ED. 

Z 2 

yernor of Athlone, by Margret Burke, sister to Honora, Countess of Clanrickarde. 
Said William was son to Robert Mostyn, governor of Connaught, by Sisly O'Melaghlin, 
daughter of Plielim O'Melaghlin, of the royal house of Tara [i. e. chief of the Southern 
Hy-Nial race], by Winifred O'Conor, daughter of Brian Ballagh O'Conor, and grand- 
daughter of Lady Mary Fitzgerald, daughter of the Earl of Kildare, by his Countess 
Mable Browne. The Mostyns are a very ancient Welsh family ; one of the family was 
created a baronet in 1670 and another in 1600. John Donelan built the centre house 
at Bally donelan, and died in the year 1655, leaving by his wife Dorothy Mostyn, Me- 
laghlin, and nine daughters, all highly married. 

" Melaghlin was married to Christian Blake, daughter of Robert Blake, of Ardfrey, 
county of Gal way, and sister to Sir Richard Blake, speaker of the supreme council of Kil- 
kenny, and a privy councellor in the reign of Charles the First. From him descended 
the Lords Wallscort, in Galway ; Melaghlin died in 1673. His son John, by Chris- 
tian Blake, his wife, was married to Mable Fitzgerald, daughter of Sir Luke Fitzge- 
rald, of Tycraghan, of the house of Kildare, by Mary Neterville, daughter of Lord Vis- 
count Neterville ; her sister, Jane Fitzgerald, was married to Matthew Plunket, seventh 
Baron of Louth. John erected a stone cross in Kilconnell in i682 k ; he died at his 
house in Dublin, the loth July, 1710; his son, Melaghlin, by said Mable, was married 
to Mary Dillon, daughter of Robert Dillon of Clonbrock, in Galway, by his wife, 
Mable Browne, of Castlemagarrett, ancestor of Robert Dillon, first Baron Clonbrock, 
and descended from the same ancestry as the Viscount Dillon and the Earls of Ros- 
common. Melaghlin was a Colonel in James the Second's army, was wounded at the 
battle of Aughrim, and obtained the benefit of the articles agreed to on the surrender 
of Limerick. His brother James was a Major in Lord Louth's regiment, and not 
wishing to remain in Ireland after the surrender of Limerick, he went to France ; 
Lewis XIV. gave him a high military commission, and sent him to Piedmont, where 
he was killed in 1693. Colonel Donelan died at his house in Dublin, 26th November, 
1726, and left issue by his said wife John. James died unmarried; Simon in holy 
orders ; Mable married to Mathew Hoare, Esq., of the county of Waterford, by whom 
he had three daughters ; Christian married Robert French, of Rahasane, in the county 
of Galway ; another married Thomas Fitzgerald, of Piercetown, in Westmeath. 

" John, the eldest son, was married to Mary, daughter of Charles Daly, of Calla, 


k Stone cross in Kilconnell in 1682. This cross 1682." This cross is on the road side leading to 

is still extant, and exhibits this inscription: the abbey of Kilconnell, and is believed in the 

" OKATE PBO D. IOANNE DONNF.LANO EjusQUE country to bow whenever any of the Ballydone- 

FAMILIA QUI HANC CRUCEM ERici FECIT, A. D. Ian family pass by to be buried ED. 


by his wife Anne Darcy, of Kiltollagh, and niece to the Eight Hon. Denis Daly, of 
Dunsandle, in Galway, Lord Justice of the Common Pleas, in Ireland. A sister of 
this Mary Daly was married to William Nugent, Lord Baron Rivers ton ; another 

sister was married to Blake, of Dunmacreena, in Mayo, and Oran castle, in 

Galway ; another sister was married to Blake, of Moyne, in Mayo, and Merlin 

Park, in Galway, and another sister to Darcy, of Gurteen, in Mayo, and Ryehill 

Castle, in Galway, all of whom left issue. Her brother, Anthony Daly, was married 
to the daughter and sole heiress of John Burke, of Lismore, in Galway, and widow of 
the Hon. James Burke, son of the Earl of Clanricarde. Charles Daly, who represented 
the county of Galway in Parliament, Colonel Anthony Daly, member for the town of 
Galway, and Major Peter Daly, the three sons of said Anthony Daly, died without 
issue, and that family is extinct. Mary Daly, the mother of John Browne, first Earl 
of Altamont, was cousin to Mary Daly, first mentioned. John Donelan died at his 
house in Dublin, loth December, 1743. He had twenty-one children by his said 
wife, thirteen of whom died very young in his life- time. He left four sons and four 
daughters, Malachy, Anthony Donelan, of Calla and Nutgrove ; Ed. Donelan, of Hills- 
wood, married and has issue ; Charles died unmarried ; his daughter Mary was a nun 
in Dublin ; Mable married James French, of Duras ; Frances married Oliver Martyn, 
of Tullira, in Galway ; Anne died unmarried. 

" Malachy Donelan, the eldest son, was married to Mary, daughter and only child of 
Thomas Power Daly, by his wife the daughter of Sir John Coleman ; Thomas Power 
Daly was the eldest son of the Right Hon. Denis Daly, already mentioned ; Malachy 
Donelan died at Ballydonelan, and by his said wife left one son and two daughters. 

[" His son John got the east castle of Ballydonelan built, and was married to Mable 
Hoare, one of the co-heiresses of Matthew Hoare, already mentioned. His daughter 
Mary was married to William Burke, of Ballydugan ; his daughter Anne was mar- 
ried to Colonel Denis Daly, of Raford, nephew to the Earl of Clanricarde ; both ladies 
left issue ; John Donelan died at Ballydonelan in February, 1772. His wife died at 
Nice, and her remains were brought to Kilconnell. He left by her two sons and one 

" Malachy, the eldest son, married Frances, daughter of Sir Patrick Bellew, Bart., 
of Barmeath, in Louth, by his Lady, one of the daughters of Matthew Hoare, aforesaid. 
Matthew, the second son, married Miss Fallen, of Cloonagh, daughter of John Fallon, 
by his wife Cheevers, one of Lord Mount Leinster's family, by whom he left one son, 
since dead, s. p. 

"Frances married i8th December, 1785, to Arthur James Plunket, eighth Earl 
of Fingal, and seventeenth Lord Killeen, and has issue. 



" It is now, A. D. 1 8 1 8, eleven hundred and seventeen years since Morogh Maol- 
Lahon, already mentioned, departed this life, when his son Cahal (from whom the 
present proprietor, Malachy Donelan, is lineally descended), became proprietor of the 
place, now, and for many ages, called Bally don elan. 

" John, son of Malachy, married Miss Usher, of Eastwell, in the county of Gal- 
way, and died s. p. ; his next brother, Matthew, also died s. p. ; and his third brother, 
Arthur, is now head of this family, living in 1843. 

" This is taken from an old MS. of Teige O'Dugan, an eminent antiquary, A. D. 
1750, by Denis Magennis. 

" Signed, DENIS H. KELLY."] 

To this pedigree is annexed the following Genealogical Table, which is unques- 
tionably incorrect in the first four generations, but there may be much truth in the 
succeeding part. The generations since Teige O'Dugan's time, i. e. 1750, have been 
added by D. Magennis and D. H. Kelly, of Castle Kelly, Esq. : 


Murrough Maollahon, [recte Muireadhach 


Tully, d. 1508. 

1 Muilleathan] King ot'Connaught, d. 701. 


















Melaghlin, d. 1548. 





Nehemias, Archbishop of Tuam. 






John, 1655. 


Logan, or Melaghlin, the first O'Donelan. 



Melaghlin, 1673. 






John Mor, 1710. 






Melaghlin, 1726. 






John, 1743. 

J l. 

Flann Oge. 









John, 1772. 

1 3. 

Cormac na g-corn, d. 1399. 





Flann, d. 1452. 

1 ' 



Arthur Donelan, now living, 



Teigue, d. 1478. 


NOTE G. See page 33, supra. 


The genealogical line of O'Neachtain is given in the Genealogical Table, as found 
inDuald Mac Firbis's Book, p. 328, and in Peregrine O'Clery's, both which perfectly 
agree with the line given by O'Farrell in his Linea Antiqua, but differ materially 
from that preserved in the Book of Lecan. The Editor does not believe that this line 


is correct, but he is unwilling to meddle with it until the Book of Hy-Many be exa- 
mined, in which, no doubt, the correct line will be found. The blundering of tran- 
scribers is easily discernible in the line of this pedigree, as printed in the Table, 
such as in making Maoileachlainn O'Neachtain, No. 1 9 in the Table (who was the eighth 
in descent from Neachtain, from whom the surname was derived), the tutor of Flann, 
monarch of Ireland, who commenced his reign in the year 879 ; and again, in making 
Conchobhar O'Neachtain, the third in descent from this Maoileachlainn, be the 
O'Neachtainn who had fought at the battle of Clontarf in the year 1014. Spurious 
generations have crept in somewhere through the carelessness of transcribers, but they 
could not be corrected without comparing more MSS. than are at present acces- 
sible to the Editor. 

The tomb of O'Neachtain, in the old church of Drum, in the barony of Athlone, 
and county of Roscommon, exhibits the arms of the family and the following extraor- 
dinary inscription : 

" O'Naghten nobilissimus satrapes ex stirpe Eugenii Magni, totius Hibernian mo- 
narchse, ortus, hoc templum sedificavit, anno Domini 550. 

" Sub hoc tumulo sepelitur illustrissima antiquissimaque prosapia. 

" Requiescant in pace. Amen." 

This inscription is however very incorrect, as there was no monarch of Ireland called 
Eugenius Magnus, unless it is intended for Hugony the Great, who was monarch of 
Ireland, according to O'Flaherty's Chronology, A. M. 3619 ; and again, there was no 
family of the name O'Naghten in the year 550, as hereditary surnames had not com- 
menced for near five centuries later, nor had O'Naghten any possessions in the barony 
of Athlone, until he was driven from the plain of Moenmagh, about the period of the 
English invasion ; so that the above inscription is in the extreme silly and ridiculous. 
But it is highly probable that O'Naghten, who was satrapes, or chief of the territory 
of theFeadha, in the barony of Athlone, containing thirty quarters of land, rebuilt this 
church in the fourteenth century. One fact, however, must be acknoAvledged, that 
O'Naghten is the senior of all the Hy-Many, being descended, according to the Book 
of Lecan, from Fiachra Finn, the eldest son of Bresal, the son of Maine Mor ; but as 
none of the line ever became chiefs of Hy-Many, the Irish Annals seldom make any 
mention of the name ; indeed, from the paucity of information which the Four Masters 
have collected about the history of this family, it is to be feared that no accurate 
pedigree of them, with dates, can ever be made out ; unless the Book of Hy-Many 
should be found to preserve the correct line of descent. 

The earliest notice of this family which the Editor has met with in the Anglo-Irish 
Records is the following inquisition in the Rolls Office : 

" Inquisitio 


" Inquisitio capta apud Roscoman, 26. Octobris 1587, coram Johanne Crofton per 
sacramentum proborum, quidicunt quod Johannes, alias Shane O'Naghten, sui cogno- 
minis principals, diem claudebat extremum 18. Maij 1587, seisitus in jure capitanea- 
tus de duobus quarterns in patria vocata 'Les Ffaes,' alias 'O'Naghten's Cuntry,' viz. 
de quarterio de Moynewer cum Carrigg-I-Naghten, ac de quarterio vocato Carron- 
creggan ; ac quod fuit quoque seisitus jure predicto de annuali redditu viginti denari- 
orum ex quolibet quarterio terrarum temporalium in patria vocata Les Ffaes. Quod 
predieta duo quarteria ac redditus predictus non descendebant heredi aliquo, sed de 
tempore in tempore quicunque esset capitaneus patrie predicte possideret ea. Et 
quod nunc sunt in dispositione Regine per mortem predict! Johannis. Quod quidem 
duo quarteria sunt in occupatione Cornelii alias Connor O'Naghten filii antedicti Jo- 
hannis, et quo jure vel titulo ignorant." 

It appears from another inquisition taken at Roscommon on the 2jrd of October, 
1 604, before Nicholas Kenney, that the territory of the Ffaes, or O'Naghten's country, 
contained thirty quarters of land. On the i8th January, 1604, a grant was made to 
Jane O'Naghton (widow of Robert O'Naghton of Mynure in the Faes, County of 
Roscommon, killed in the wars), of the wardship of John O'Naghton, son and heir of 
said Robert. 

In the Molyneux MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (F. 4. 18. 2.), five 
generations of the pedigree of a branch of this family are given as follows : 

1. Murtagh Boy O'Naghtan. 

2. Donogh. 

3. Rory Duffe. 


4. Dermot Reagh, of Lislea, in county Roscommon, married Una, daughter of Conor mac Hugh Boy 

O'Kelly, and died 10th January, 1637, leaving issue Dermot and Murtagh. 

5. Murtagh O'Naghtan, married Catherine, daughter of Donell O'Breen, of the county Westmeath. 

The present head of this family is Edmond Henry Naughton, Esq., of Thornastown 
Park, in the district called the Faes, county of Roscommon, but the Editor has not as 
yet been able to connect his pedigree with any branch of the family mentioned in the 
inquisitions or any ancient document ; it could no doubt be easily done by comparing 
his family documents with the inquisitions or the grants under the Act of Settlement. 
He is the son of Thomas Mahon Naughton, Esq., of Thomastown, who died in 1831, 
who was the son of Edmond Naughton, Esq., of Thomastown, who died in 1817, by 
Anne Mahon, first cousin of the late Lord Hartland ; who was the son of Loughlin 
Naughton, Esq., who died in 1770, by Catherine Kelly of Cargins, in the county of Ros- 
common ; who was the son of Captain Thomas O'Naughton, who died in the year 1740. 


It is highly probable that this Captain Thomas O'Naughton was the lineal descen- 
dant of Shane O'Naghten, the last chieftain of the Faes, who died on the 1 8th of May, 
1587, but the Editor has not been able to get access to the documents necessary to 
prove the fact. 

Baron O'Naghten, who attended Prince Hesse Homberg when he married the 
Princess Elizabeth, is of this lineage ; and the learned Counsellor Norton, who was 
sent as Chief Justice to Antigua, one of the West India Islands, is also of a minor 
branch of this family. He is the son of Mr. Peter Norton of Athlone, who is the grand- 
son of Feradhach O'Naghten, and it is to be regretted that he should have disguised 
his Irish origin by changing his old and respectable name into one with which it has 
no connexion whatever. The Mac Naghtens of Scotland and of the North of Ireland 
are of a totally different race from this family. 

The arms of this family, according to a MS. about 1 50 years old, are as follows : 

" Sable, parted per fesse argent, in base, charged with a Lyon's head argent lan- 
gued gules ; in chief charged with two Lyon's heads argent langued gules." 

" Crest. A helmet, over which a Lyon's head argent langued gules." 

The arms which the Mac Naghtens bear at present are entirely different, and are 
Or, charged in chief with two hawks belled ppr., in base with three daggers azure. 

Crest. A side helmet, over which a hawk alighting. 



This family, though the next to O'Naghten in point of seniority of descent, sunk 
into insignificance at an early period, so that the Irish annalists have scarcely preserved 
a single notice of their history. They were originally seated in the territory of Moen- 
magh, of which they and the O'Naghtens were chiefs in turn, according to the power 
of each (see p. 71, Note b , supra) ; but about the period of the English Invasion they 
were driven out of Moenmagh, and obliged to settle at Tulach na dala, i. e hill of the 
meeting, in the territory of Conmaicne Duna Moir, and four miles to the north of 
Tuam, where they became tenants to the Lord Bermingham. It appears from an in- 
quisition taken at Athenry on the i6th of September, 1617, that Isaac Laly, the head of 
this family, who was then seated at Tullaghnadaly, William Laly of Ballynabanaby, 
and Daniel Laly of Lisbally, were all tributary to the Lord Bermingham. This in- 
quisition is preserved in the Rolls Office, Dublin, and runs as follows : 

"Inquisition taken at Athenry i6th September, 1617, before Sir Charles Coote, 
IRISH ARCH. SOC. 9. 2 A finds 

finds that Isaack Laly of Tullaghdalie, Gent., is seized in fee of the castle, towne and 
lands of Tullaghdalie, Gortneponry, Lisbally, Drum, Temnynane, Carrowanmonine, 
Carrownegarane, in the Barony of Dunmore, paying a yearly chief rent of five shillings 
out of each quarter to Lord Bermingham. Also, that William Laly of Ballinebanniber, 
[now Ballynabanaby] Gent., is seized in fee of Carrownehahie, Curin, &c., paying a 
yearly chief rent of five shillings out of every quarter to Lord Bermingham. Also, 
that Daniel Lally of Lisbally, Gent, is seized in fee of Rathnemanrie, Carownalahy, and 
Lisbally in the said Barony, paying a yearly chief rent of five shillings each quarter to 
Lord Birmingham." 

No pedigree of this family has been found in any Irish MS. except that in the Book 
of Lecan already given in page 33 ; but William Hawkins, Esq., Ulster King of Arms, 
and principal herald of all Ireland, about the year 1 709, collected all the historical 
notices he could find of the Lallys, and drew up a pedigree for the French branch of 
the family. The Editor has procured a copy of this compilation of Hawkins, through 
the kindness of Denis H. Kelly of Castlekelly, Esq., and James Henderson of Tuam, 
Esq., and he thinks it desirable to preserve it here, though convinced that it contains 
much spurious matter. The latter part was copied from the late Marquis of Tolendal's 
own hand, and is perfectly correct. The fabrications of Hawkins are noticed in the 
marginal notes. 

Extracts from the Genealogy of the most ancient and illustrious House of O'Maollala, 
afterwards Mullally, or O 1 Lally, of the Kingdom of Ireland, collected from the old Irish 
MS/3. Books of Pedigrees, as well as from the Records preserved in the Exchequer, 
A uditor General and Rolls Offices in the said Kingdom. By WILLIAM H A WKIN s, ESQ., 
Ulster King of Arms, and principal Herald of all Ireland, under the Seal of his 
Office, fyc. 
" XIII. Amlaff III., or Arnlavus Benadugadoir O'Maollalla a , chief of Tulla Hy- 

Maollalla b , the thirteenth descendant from Maollalla, flourishing about anno 940 to 970, 


a Amlaff Benadugadoir O' 'Maollalla This is meeting, or assembly, and has no connexion 

evidently the last generation given in the Book of whatever with the name of this family, nor was 

Lecan, and the cognomen Benadugadoir is one this their original seat, for it is situated in the ter- 

fabricated by Hawkins himself. ritory of Conmaicne DunaMoir, and not less than 

b Tulla Hy-Maollalla This is pretended to thirty miles to the north of the northern limit of 

be the ancient Irish form of the name Tullagh- their original territory of Moenmagh. The Lallys 

nadaly, which the French branch of this family or O'Mullallys, were never seated at Tulach na 

civilized to Tolendal ; but the original name of da!a, until after the English invasion, and they 

this place is Tulach na dala, i. e. hill of the were never chiefs of that place, but tenants to 


then prince of Maonmoye, now Clanricarde c , who gave his name to his posterity, and 
was surnamed Usagur d , i. e. just and valiant, the motto of the family. [Amlaff III.], 
(the fifth from Amlaff II. O'Maollalla, killed anno 1200 by the Burgo's, who would 
strip him of his principality of Maonmoye), was surnamed Benadugadoir, i. e. the 
Recuperer ; because in 1333, after the murder of the Earl of Ulster by his own rela- 
tions, during the discords and civil wars between all the septs of the De Burgo's 
Amlaff III. O'Maollalla united himself with their divisions to recover some part of the 
vast territory of his ancestors. This Amlaff 's wife was Helena, daughter of Murtough, 
and sister to Mahon O'Brien, surnamed Moenmoye, because he assisted very strongly 
his brother-in-law in his exertions against the Burgo's. 

" XIV. Donel IV. M'Amlaff O'Maollalla, chief of Tully Hy-Maollalla, slain in 
battle in Connaught, 1397% by Sir Thomas Burke and Sir Walter Bermingham, mar- 
ried a daughter of O'Donnell, and had hy her 

" XV. Melaghlin M'DonneU O'Maollalla, chief of Tully Hy Maollalla, slain in bat- 
tle in Hymaine, by Lord William de Burgo, I4i9 f ; he married Mary, daughter of 
Teigue O'Dowda, Lord of Tireragh, county of Sligo, who died in 1430 ; by her he 

" XVI. John M 'Melaghlin happy chief of his name g , he died, according to the 
Annals of Connaught at Tuam, 1480, and married Moore, or Merlin, daughter of Me- 
laghlin O'Bryen of Tire-Brien h , by whom he had issue, as under, XVII. His brother 
was Connor O'Maollalla, Bishop of Clonfert, 1447. 

" XVII. Dermod O'Maollalla, fortunate chief of his name', died at Tully Mullally 
an. 1517; he married Brigida, daughter of Teigue O'Kelly, Lord of Hymaine, and had 


Bermingham, who was himself but a lord of one e Donall Mac Amlaff O'Maollalla, slain in 

barony. So much for Hawkins' barefaced fabrica- 1397. Where is the authority for this date? 

tion for Count Lally ! f Melaghlin Mac Donall O'Maollalla, slain in 

c Maonmoy, now Clanrickarde See p. 70, 1419 This date and event were evidently fabri- 

Note z , where it is shown that Maonmagh was cated. If not, where is the authority? Surely not 

not coextensive with Clanrickard. the Irish Annals ! 

d Usagur This cognomen was clearly fabri- B Happy chief of his name Where is the au- 

cated by Hawkins, at whose suggestion it was thority for this cognomen ? 

adopted by Count Lally as his Irish motto. Where, h Melaghlin O' Bryen of Tire-Brian. All 

it may be fairly asked, is the historical authority to apocryphal, but the fabricator must have had 

show that Maolalaidh, the progenitor of this fa- in view Melaghlin O'Beirne, of Tir-Briuin ua 

mily, was called Usagur, and where is the evidence Sinna ! 

to show that this word would mean "just and ' Dermot O'Maollalla, fortunate chief of his 

valiant ?" or that this was the motto of the family name Where is the authority for the cogno- 

while in Ireland ? men ? 

2 A 2 


issue XVIII. His brother Thomas O'Mullalla, commonly called Lally, was Archbishop 
of Tuain 1513, deceased 1536. 

" XVIII. Melachlin M'Dermott O'Maollalla, submitted himself, vassals and lands, 
by indented articles of agreement, an. 1541, to Sir Anthony St. Leger, then Lord De- 
puty, and delivered his eldest son M'Melaghlin, then twenty-five years old, as a pledge 
for the performance of the articles ; he married Margaret, daughter of CormacM 'Roger 
M'Dermott, chief of Moylurg, county of Roscommon, by whom he had 

"XIX. John M'Melaghlin O'Maollalla, chief, and styled Baron of Tully Mullally,or 
Tullenalally, Tallenadally, Tollendally or Tolendal ; he was surnamed Giallaoch, i. e. the 
warlike hostage, because in the siege of Boulogne, an. 1544, he distinguished himself 
very much with his galloglasses, &c. ; he married Shely or Judith, daughter to Hugh 
O'Madden, chief of his name, and lord of the territory of Silnanmcha, county of Galway, 
by whom he had XX. His brothers were William O'Lally, Archbishop of Tuarn April, 
*573' commissioner of the Queen Elizabeth for the pacification of Connaught an. 1585, 
ob. 1595 ; and John O'Mullally, who, dissatisfied with the submission of his father to 
the crown of England, and with the supremacy of Henry VIII., went to Rome with his 
red eagles painted in blackJ on his scutcheon, offered his services, with many compa- 
nions, to the Pope, and warred for Octave Farnesse. 

" XX. Dermod O'Maollalla, chief, and the second styled Baron of Tully-Mullally, 
died at the same place 1596, as it appears by an inquisition taken at Athenry an. 1621, 
in which he is qualified principalis suce nationis. In 1585, Dermot went to Ballinrobe 
at the head of his vassals as O'Kelly, Bermingham, and others k , and joined Sir Richard 
Byngham in his march against the rebel Burgo's in the battle of Ardnary ; of 3000 
rebels not above seven escaped. He married Mary, daughter of William O'Naghten of 
Lisnea, county of Roscommon, by whom he had 

" XXI. 

J Red Eagles painted in black on his scutcheon. shalling of coat-armour, which was formerly the 

A pure fabrication. The man was a mere pride and study of all the best families in the 

farmer, and tenant to the Lord Bermingham, and kingdom, is now greatly disregarded ; and has 

not able to bring ten men well-armed to the field! fallen into the hands of certain officers and atten- 

k His vassals, as O' Kelly, Berming ham, and dants upon this court [of chivalry] called heralds, 

others "What a perversion of history is here ! who consider it only as a matter of lucre, and not 

Lally of Tullaghnadaly, who held a few quarters of of justice, whereby such falsity and confusion have 

land under the Lord Bermingham, having O'Kelly, crept into their records (which ought to be the 

Bermingham, and OTHERS, as his vassals! The standing evidence of families, descents, and coat- 

Heralds of Hawkins' time bore a low character for armour), that though formerly some credit has 

veracity, and were guilty of barefaced fabrications. been paid to their testimony, now even their 

Their character is thus given by Blackstone in common seal would not be received as evidence 

his Commentaries, Book III., c. 7 : " The mar- in any court of justice in the kingdom." 

" XXL Isaac O'Mullally of Tullen Adalla, alias Tullymullalla, the third styled 
Baron 1 of that country 1 ", chief of his name of full age at the time of his father's death, 
ob. 12 May, 1621 ; he married Mary, daughter of John Moore of Briezes, Esq., by Lady 
Mary Burke, daughter of Richard Sassonagh, Earl of Clanricarde, sister to Jane, lady 
to Sir Lucas Dillon of Lough-Glin, knight, second son of Sir Theobald, first Lord 
Viscount Dillon, by whom he had 

" XXII. James O'Mullally, or Lally, Esq., chief, and the fourth styled Baron of 
Tullyruullally, by corruption Tullenadally, or briefly Tolendal, of full age in 1621 ; 
married in 1623 Elizabeth, daughter of Gerald Dillon of Freymore, in the county of 
Mayo, Esq., brother of Sir Theobald, first Viscount Dillon ; he forfeited part of his 
estate by Cromwell, 1652, and ob. at Tullenadally, 5th September, 1676. His brothers 
Donal and William Lally having followed the King Charles II., were outlawed, and 
the whole of their estates forfeited, viz., Ranamary and Carownalegy, in the barony of 
Dunmore, Ballinabanaba and Gorta, Golloglie and Ballydoogane, barony of Kilconnell. 
William married Frances Butler, and had issue Edmund Lally, who married Eliza 

" XXIII. Thomas O'Mullally, or Lally, chief, and fifth called Baron of TullyMul- 
lally, or Tolendal, inherited the real estate of his father, tested yth June, 1677, leaves 
his real estate to his eldest son James Lally, and heir male of his body lawfully be- 
gotten, and for want of such heir to Gerard Lally, his second son, and so gradually 
and perpetually. He married Jane Dillon, sister of Theobold, seventh Lord Viscount 
Dillon of Costello Gallen, father of Arthur Count Dillon, Lieutenant-General in the 
French service. She survived her husband, and took to her second, John Burke, Esq. 
She was adjudged by the trustees of Irish forfeitures in Dublin, an. 1700, to her 
dowers on the lands of Tolenadally, &c. after the attainder of her eldest son, James 
Lally, Esq. His brother William Lally, Esq., was ancestor to the Lallys of Milltown 
and of Grange. The present chief of this branch is James Lally of Milltown, Esq., 
who by his marriage with a daughter of H. Kirwan of Balligady, near Tullenadally, 

Esq., has a son Thomas Lally, now (1777) sixteen years old. 

" James 

1 The third styled Baron This is a most Bermingham, he was a mere farmer, and could 

shameless fabrication, for in the inquisition of hardly be considered an Irish chieftain. Shame 

1617, above given in full, this Isaac Lally, who upon such fabricators! 

is called of Tullaghnadalie, is called simply, Gent., m Baron of that country Tullaghnadaly, in 

and described as a tenant under the Lord Ber- Irish Tulach na dala, i. e. hill of the meeting, is 

mingham. He never was a Baron under the the name of a hill and small townland, and it is a 

crown of England, and though head of his name, most absurd falsification to call it a " country." 
holding only a few quarters of land under Lord 


" James has two brothers, Thomas, an old friar, and Patrick, father of two sons. 

" XXIV. Colonel James Lally, the sixth and last styled Baron of Tolendally, go- 
vernor and sovereign of the noble corporation of Tuarn for the King James II. an. 1687, 
member of his last parliament, 1 689, outlawed in the same year, Colonel in the French 
service, and commandant of the Lally's battalion in Dillon's Regiment, ist June, 1690, 
killed 1691, during the blockade of Montmelian, unmarried. Besides his four brothers 
he had four sisters married, 

" First, to Walter, styled Baron Jourdan. 

" Second, to Nicholas Nangle, styled Baron Costelloe. 

" Third, to N. O'Gara, Esq. 

" Fourth, to N. Betagh, Esq. 

" XXV. His second brother, Sir Gerard Lally, Bart., most distinguished in the 
army, died Brigadier General, and designed Marechal de Camp, 1737 ; he married 
Marie Anne de Bressac, by whom he had, XXVI. ; his other brothers were, William 
Lally, captain in Dillon's regiment, killed 1697 ; Mark Lally, officer in Dillon's regi- 
ment ; and Michael Lally, who married Helon O' Carroll, by whom he had a son, 
Michael Lally, Brigadier General, ob. at Rouen, 1773. 

"XXVI. General Thomas Arthur Count Lally of Tolendal, colonel of an Irish re- 
giment of his name, &c. &c. ; he married Felicity Crofton, and had by her, 

" XXVII. Trophime Gerard Compte et Marquis de Lally Tolendal, Peer of France, 
minister of State, &c. &c. ; he married Elizabeth Charlotte Wedderburn Halkett, having 
a common grandfather with the late Alexander Wedderburn, Peer of Great Britain 
tinder the title of Lord Baron Loughborough, Lord High Chancellor of England, and 
Earl of Rosslynn ; by whom he had a single daughter, Elizabeth Felicity Claude de 
Lally Tolendal, wife to the Count d'Aux, to whom the peerage of his father-in-law 
shall descend. 

"Authenticated by signature, dated 29th October, 1817. 

" Peer of France, Minister of State." 

[" Mr. Henderson writes in continuation, ' I send you the pedigree of the Lally 
family in the handwriting of the late Marquis of Lally Tolendal, who, some years since, 
forwarded it to his relative Mr. Thomas Lally, who resided near Tuam. 

"'This Thomas Lally died unmarried, s. p. in May, 1837. His brother's son, 
Thomas Lally, also died unmarried, and s. p. September, 1838 ; he was the last sur- 
vivor of the male line of this very ancient family in this kingdom. 

" ' The Rev. Doctor Lally, Rector of Drayton, in England, is descended from the 
same race, but his pedigree is not made out with certainty ; and it is stated in the 


pedigree in the Marquis's handwriting, that Michael Lally, the Brigadier General, 
deceased, at Eouen, had four brothers and five sisters ; there is a grandson of his in 
France, Joseph Stanislaus Lally de la Neuville, who was four years old in 1817.' 

Signed, " D. H. KELLY."] 

NOTE I. See page 41. 

O'Dugan, in his Topographical Poem, calls this family O'h-Uallachain, and chiefs 
of Siol Annichadha, as in the following quatrain : 

" Oippij bucm-reapoctch, blaoach, " A chief ever-famous, renowned, 
Op uplap na n-Qnmcaoach, Is over the plain of the race of Anmchadh, 

Upictr jcupb' jeimleac na n-jlan-aj, A rough-fettering lord of distinguished valour, 
O' h-aipm-neirhneach Uallachan." 0' venomous- weaponed, h-Uallachan." 

This looks very extraordinary, as we know from the Irish Annals that the 
O'Maddens have been chieftains of this territory at least since the establishment of 
surnames. It may, however, be highly probable that when O'Madden rose to the 
chieftainship of all Hy-Many that O'Huallachain or Mac Uallachain was chief of Siol- 
Anmchadha ; but this was but seldom the case, as we have already seen in the pedigrees 
of O'Kelly and O'Madden. It is, however, but fair to give old documents their due 
weight in historical investigations, and we must therefore receive it as an historical fact 
supported by the Book of Leacan and the Topographical poem of O'Dugan, who died in 
1372, that the Mac Cuolahans were the ancient chiefs of Siol Anmchadha. In the notices 
of this family, preserved in the Irish Annals, they are not called chiefs of Siol Anm- 
chadha except at the year 1101 See Pedigree of O'Madden, No. 21, pp. 143, 144. 

The following are the notices of this family preserved in the Irish Annals : 

" A. D. 1085 The Conmaicne made a predatory excursion into Siol Anmchadha, 
and slew Coningin Finn Mac Uallachain, and carried off many cows." Ann. Quat. Mag. 

" A. D. noi. A conflict took place between two parties of kerns at Clonmac- 
noise, namely, Muinter Tadhgain [the Foxes of Teffia] and Muinter Cinaoith, in 
which was slain Gillafinn, the son of Mac Uallachain, King of Siol Anmchadha." 
Chronicon Scotorum. 

" A. D. 1 159 Aedh [Hugh] the son of Mac Uallachain, chief of Muinter Cionaetha, 
was slain in a battle fought at Ardee, between Muirchertach Mac Loughlin, King of 
Ailech, and Roderic O'Conor, King of Connaught." Ann. Quat. Mag. 

Since the English Invasion this family have lost the dignity of chieftains, and there- 
fore disappeared from history. No line of their pedigree has been discovered coming 



down to a later period than their progenitor Uallaclian, the fifteenth in descent from 
Maine Mor, as already given in p. 41, and in the large Genealogical Table. 

The earliest notice of this family which the Editor has discovered in the Anglo- 
Irish Records, is an inquisition preserved in the Rolls Office, taken at Kilconnell on 
the 26th of September, 1617, before Sir Charles Coote, which finds " that Brian 
M c . Cooleghan is seized of fee, of Bally m c . Coulighan ; that Hugh M c . Coolighan is 
seized of Cogrune ; that Onora Ny-Coolighan, widow, is seized of Carrowanmeanagh, 
i. Cartron ; that Mclaughlin Duff M c . Coulighan and Mclaughlin Oge m c . Mclaughlin 
M c . Coulighan are seized of fee of Culnetrump ; that Mclaughlin Oge m c . Melaughlin 
is seized of fee of Clowneleahan ; that Gael m c . Fariagh is seized of fee of Coreclogha ; 
and that Donagh M c - Cooleghan is seized of Adragule." 

This family have forgotten all recollection of their true descent, the present tra- 
dition among them being that they were anciently Irish chieftains, and having been for 
ages seated at the east side of the Shannon, in a district now belonging to the territory 
of Delvin, or the barony of Garrycastle, in the King's County, they have assumed it 
as an historical fact that their ancestors were chieftains of the territory of Delvin, and 
have accordingly styled themselves under their coat of arms " The warlike Mac 
Cuolahans, chieftains of the high and pleasant Delvin, King's County, on the River 
Brosnagh, and barony of Garrycastle." But it is well known that the Mac Coghlans, 
and not the Mac Cuolahans, were chieftains of Delvin, in the King's County. 

The following pedigree of this family has been carefully compiled from their 
family documents, and kindly transmitted to the Editor by his learned friend, Richard 
Monck, Esq. of Banagher, who is an enthusiastic, but a yery judicious Irish scholar 
and antiquary. 

1. Carroll Mac Cuolahan. He is the oldest mentioned in the family deeds, but 
nothing is known about him, except that he was the father of 

2. Donogh Keogh Mac Cuolahan He was living in 1602. He was father of 

3. Bryan, or Brian Mac Cuolahan, father of 

4. Hugh Mac Cuolahan, who was father of 

5. Hugh Cuolahan. This Hugh mortgaged half a quarter of Cogran to Garrett 
Moore, Esq., as appears from a receipt or acknowledgment given by Garrett Moore, 
son of the former, to Lieutenant Daniel Cuolahan. The words are : "I have received 
two papers from Lieutenant Daniel Cuolahan, one relating to half a quarter of Cogran, 
signed by my father, to leave the said half quarter to Hugh Cuolahan, grandfather to 
the said Daniel against the plantation intended by Lord Strafford." Hugh died in 

6. Hugh Cuolahon He married Isabella Madden, and died in 1686, and was in- 



terred in the Abbey of Meelick, where he had erected a monument for himself and 
descendants so early as the year 1673. This monument is still in existence : it is a 
plain square stone, without armorial bearings or ornament of any kind, worked into 
the west wall of the southern transept of the abbey, with the following inscription in 

7. Lieutenant Daniel Cuolahan. He was lieutenant in James IL's service. His bro- 
ther Morgan was killed by a chain-shot on the bridge of Athlone, fighting for King 
James, A. D. 1691. Daniel married, July 8th, 1691, Mary Daly, daughter of Teige 
Daly of Killemeeny, in the county of Galway, who, in the marriage settlement of his 
daughter, says : " I will pay to the said Daniel Cuolahan two hundred pounds ster- 
ling, in consideration of a marriage portion, as soone as God Almighty pleases to 
restore me to my estate." ! ! He had issue Hugh, who died without issue, and Dr. John. 

8. Doctor John Cuolahan He was the first of the family who conformed to the 

Established Church, which he did in St. Peter's Church, Dublin, on Sunday, the I5th 
of December, 1754. On the death of his brother Hugh without issue in 1754, he re- 
turned from England, where, till then, he resided. He married a Miss Rock, an 
English lady of respectability, who, by her extravagance, involved the Doctor in debt, 
which considerably limited the means of his son and heir, No. 9. Doctor John died in 
1761, leaving two sons, Hugh, his heir, and Daniel, grandfather of Mr. Thomas Cuolahan 
of Ashgrove, near Cogran. He is son of Hugh, son of Daniel, son of Doctor John. 

9. Hugh Cuolahan, Esq He married Miss Jane Armstrong, niece of General 
Bigoe Armstrong, Winepole-street, London, with whom he got a good fortune. In his 
time the property was sold to satisfy a mortgage of eight hundred pounds, passed by 
his father, Dr. John Cuolahan, to a Mr. Trenchard. It was purchased by Mr. Bernard, 
late Member for the King's County, whose son is now head landlord over the Cuola- 
hans sic transit gloria mundi. He had issue John, who died unmarried, and Daniel. 

10. Daniel Cuolahan, Esq Died in January, 1841. He married Miss Frances An- 

tisel of Arbour-hill, in the county of Tipperary, who survives him, and had issue Hugh, 
who died s. p. in 1828, and Henry, the present Mac Cuolahan, and six daughters. 

n. Henry Cuolahan, Esq Present head of the name, born in 1817, and yet un- 

Arms Argent a lion passant guardant between two bars gules ; in chief, three 
crosses fitchy of the second, and in base a pheon azure. 

Crest. A dexter arm vested gules, bent at the elbow, hand naked brandishing a 
sword proper. 



1 86 

On this pedigree the Editor's learned and judicious friend writes the following re- 
marks : 

" Now let me sum up my opinion of this family. It is evident that they are both 
ancient and respectable, but that they have not ranked as chieftains for many cen- 
turies. On the east side of the Shannon, where the family have been located for the 
last four hundred years at least, they have been in possession of some townlands, never, 
I think, to an extent of more than eight or nine hundred acres ; but what with divi- 
sions, mortgages, confiscations, discoveries, &c., they are now left without any real 
estate. Alderman Barker got from Cromwell all the property that belonged to them, 
but at the Restoration Colonel Moore was put in possession of it, by a decree of the Court 
of Claims, and he having either a mortgage on Cogran, or holding it in trust for the 
Cuolahans, restored it to them. The aforesaid Barker, when matters were somewhat 
pacified, commenced a suit against the Moores, because they were not sufficiently ac- 
curate in defining the lands, and made over about 350 acres to a Mr. Aston of Dublin, 
measuring off 125 acres, the portion of Cogran granted to Colonel Moore. In fact, 
were it not for the prudent conformity of Dr. John Cuolahan in 1754, and the marriage 
of his two sons to the two Miss Armstrongs, which gave them a lift, they might now, 
like the greater number of the descendants of the old Irish chieftains, be reckoned 
amongst the tillers of the soil. Henry at present holds about 200 acres, which extend 
to the Shannon, under a lease of lives renewable for ever, which is considered a kind 
of real estate in Ireland, for which he pays about 61 per annum. He has, besides 
Cogran, some property in the town of Banagher, acquired in the good Protestant 
times, perhaps from 150 to 200 pounds a year, when a life or two shall have dropped. 
At Cogran there is a picture of one of the Cuolahans, perhaps of Dr. John's father or 
his brother Hugh. It is well executed, and no doubt a good likeness, at least I am 
inclined to think so, as I know one of the family, a Mr. Bigoe Coulahan of Ashgrove, 
of whom it might be considered a likeness at the present day. He Avas evidently a 
buck of the day (latter end of Anne) with flowing wig, purple silk velvet coat, gold 
embroidered waistcoat, &c. 

" There is a Doctor Cuolahan at Ballinasloe or Galway, whom I suppose to be of the 
same family, but I cannot tell you any thing about his pedigree. Perhaps he could trace 
the pedigree farther back than I have been able to do, from the family documents at 
Cogran House; but I doubt that he has older documents, and I have also great doubts 
that you will ever be able to fill up the chasm in the pedigree between Carroll, No. i, 
in the pedigree I send you, and the progenitor Uallachan, the last in the line preserved 
in the Book of Lecan ; though we hope here that you may get access to manuscripts 
by the evidence of which you can trace the warlike Mac Cuolahans back to Adam !" 


i8 7 


In a work of research of this kind, the notes of which have been drawn from so 
many and various sources, it is difficult to avoid errors, and the Editor finding that a 
few mistakes have been printed in the foregoing pages, he hopes the reader will pardon 
him for noticing them here ; he will also add a few remarks necessary to the eluci- 
dation of the text, which suggested themselves to him since the foregoing sheets were 
put to press. 

Page 2, line 17, the pedigree of Maine Mor is given wrong here: it should be 
Maine the Great, son of Achy Ferdaghiall, and grandson of Donald, the son of Imchad. 
See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, Part III. c. 76, p. 366. 

Page 3, line 25, after " parliament army," insert " recte the rebel or disaffected 
Irish army under the conduct of O' Sullivan Beare." 

Page 6, lines 8, 9, change "vellum MS." to "paper MS. H. I, 15, p. 865, in the 
handwriting of the celebrated Teige O'Naghten." 

Page 7, line 3, for 1457 read 1351. 

Page 1 6, No. 18, for " Aedh Finn, son of Anmchadh," read " Aedh Finn, son of 
Cobhthach, son of Maelduin, son of Donnghallach, son of Anmchadh." 

Page 17, line 21 The seven chieftains of Hy-Many of the Siol-Anmchadha, or 

O'Madden line, should be given in the following order : i. Eoghan Buac ; 2. Cobh- 
thach ; 3. Oilill; 4. Diarmaid; 5. Gadhra Mor, son of Dunadhach ; 6. Oilill ; 7. Di- 
armaid See page 144. 

Page 1 8, Note c , after " Lisecalhone" insert " recte Lisdalon, a townland in the parish 
of Killinvoy, barony of Athlone, and county of Eoscommon. In Mr. Brannon's Irish 
poem on the Shannon, written in 1794, this place is called 6iop occ Ion, i. e. the fort 
of the two blackbirds, and said to be separated from Scregg, the seat of a branch of the 
Kellys, by a stream called Calagach. According to O'Farrell, in his Linea Antiqua, 
Hugh, the last O' Kelly, resided at Lisdalon, and there can be no doubt that he is the 

Hugh O'Kelly, otherwise called O'Kelly, mentioned in the document here quoted 

See page 112, where the pedigree of this Hugh O'Kelly is given." 

Page 20, line 17, add : Before the abolition of the chieftainship of Hy-Many the 
gentlemen and freeholders of the territory were bound to send yearly twelve hundred 
labourers to work at the castle of Athlone, as appears from the king's letter, enrolled 
an. 17, Jac. I., first roll, pars i a , which states, that it had been formerly agreed by the 
gentlemen and freeholders in O'Kelly's country, otherwise called Mannigk, that they 
should yearly send twelve hundred labourers to the castle of Athlone, to work at the 

262 necessary 


necessary works there, of which castle benefit was derived by reason of the remoteness 
of a great part of that country ; and the letter directs that, on account of the few occa- 
sions for the labour of these men, the said gentlemen and freeholders shall be exonerated 
from that agreement. 

Page 31, Note u ,for 834 read 844 ; and Note w , for " was chief of Hy-Many, and 
was slain A. D 622," read "was chief of Hy-Many, and flourished about the year 700." 

Page 45, line u Magh Ruscagh A note ought to have been given upon this 

word to state that Magh Euscagh is the tract of land from the Batteries of Athlone, 
towards Brideswell, including Belough, Monksland, &c. This plain is now known in 
the County Book by the name of Eooscagh. 

Page 51, line 9, dele "&c." 

Page 5 3, line 8 Clann Lochlainn Ruaidh This is probably the tribe called in 

other authorities Sliocht Lochlainn. The following notice of their progenitor Lochlainn 
is preserved in the Registry of Clonmacnoise, translated from an old life of St. Kieran, 
by Duald Mac Firbis, for Sir James Ware, and now preserved in the British Museum, 
No. LI. of the Clarendon Collection : 

" And Loghlyn O'Kelly, whence are [descended] the Kellies called Slight Logh- 
lynn, seeing these livings to have been long concealed from Cluain, came with this life 
of St. Kieran to the bushop there in Cluain, and delivered it unto the bushop, for which 
the said bushop gave unto Loghlyn and to his heires for ever six quarters of land un- 
der this rent : [viz.] six cowes and six fat hogges at every feast of St. Martin, and to 
repayre the Toghar or causey of Cluyn-Buyrynn from the cross of Cairbre Crom west- 
ward to the cruaidh [i. e. hard land~\ of Failte [now Faalty, near Cloonburren], and 
the land was two quarters in Tuaimcarry, and two quarters in Gortycarne, a quarter 
in Crossconyll, half a quarter in Gronsy, half a quarter in Coill Belatha. And one of 
the said hoggs due was remitted to Loghlynn in consideration of the ten daies which 
the bushop did bestow to the fryars of Killconyll in those two quarters of Gortacharne, 
and ten dayes in Tearman Belafeadha, for nine years together for building almshouse, 
and carie [transfer] it from thence to Killconell." 

Page 72 To Note d add the following notice : Peregrine O'Clery, in his prose 
version of that part of O'Dugan's Topographical Poem relating to Hy-Many, mentions 
the following families as of this race, each of whom was eligible to the chieftainship of 
Sodhan : " O'Mainnin, Clann an Bhaird [i. e. the Mac Wards] O'Scurra, O'Leannain, 
O'Casain, O'Gialla, and O'Maigin ;" and he adds, " )'P e h-aca bup cijeapna, ap 
oipij e pop an lucr n-aile pe h-eao a pije. Whichever of them is lord (head) he is 
oirigh over the rest during his reign." 

Page 80, Note l ,for "scriptulum, which contained twenty lentes," read "scriptu- 

lum, which contained twenty-four lentes." 



Page 89, Note x , for " Clann Flaitheamhaih," read " Clann Flaitheamhail," and for 
" Taddy," read " Tadhg, or Teige." 

Page 90, Note d , Hne 3, for " KiUartan," read " Kiltartan;" and Note *, for " Clon- 
inacnow," read " Clanmacnowen." 

Page 91, line u,for " taisigheach," read " taisigheacht." 

Page 103, line 10, after "Maine," add: who, according to Charles O'Conor's pedi- 
gree of O'Kelly, was chief of Hy-Many for eleven years. According to the Registry of 
Clonmacnoise, he granted twelve dales of land in the townlands of Relyg na Keallry, 
Lios-baile-Mor, and Kyllinarusgach to the church or cemetery of O'Kelly at Clonmac- 

Page 1 20, line 23, for "Earl of Mayo," read "Viscounts Mayo." 

Page 124, line 31, add, This Ferdoragh O'Kelly was appointed chief of his name 
by O'Donnell in 1595, that is, ten years after the abolition of the chieftainship by 
Queen Elizabeth. 

Page 126, line 2 i,for "KELLY MOOT, or MOAT," read'-'- KELLY of MOOTE, or MOAT." 

Page 132, line 19, for " Gadhra assumed, after him [Dunadhach]," read "Gadhra 
assumed, after him [Tadhg Mor O'Kelly]." 

Page 134, Note ,for pleibreao, read pleiBceao. 

Page 142, line 26, for " precede" read " succeed." 

Page 147, line 19, for " Dearmaid," read "Diarmaid." 

Page 149, line 24. Although it is here stated, that O' Madden himself was gone 
out in action of rebellion, it would appear from the Annals of the Four Masters that 
this Donell O'Madden continued faithful to the English government during his life, for 
he refused to join O'Donell in this very year, for which he was attacked by the descen- 
dants of Melaghlin Modardha and other insurgents, who were the very persons that 
refused to surrender the Castle of Cloghan to the Lord Deputy. The story is thus 
briefly told by the Four Masters: " 1595. O'Donell was also joined by all the O'Mad- 
dens, except the O'Madden himself (Donell, son of John) and his son Anmchadh. Upon 
which the sons of Redmond na Scuab, son of Ulick Burke, and the other disaffected 
Burkes already mentioned, attacked and destroyed Meelick, O'Madden's mansion seat, 
Tir Athain, and all the Castles of his territory, except Longford. They plundered and 
destroyed Clonfert-Brendan, and took the bishop of that town prisoner. Among those 
plunderers was Eoghan Dubh, the son of Melaghlin Balbh O'Madden of the territory 
of Lusmagh. They afterwards proceeded across the Shannon into Delvin and Fercal ; 
but upon their return to the banks of the Shannon, two bands of soldiers who had been 
billeted in Meath were sent in pursuit of them. These soldiers advanced unnoticed 
until they surrounded the castle in which the plunderers were, when they slew many 



of them, and among others Anmchadh, the son of Melaghlin Modardha, son of Melagh- 
lin, son of Bresal, and Cobhthach Og, the son of Cobhthach O'Madden. The sons of 
Redmond Burke, and the greater part of their people, effected their escape. 

Page 154, Note'. As De Burgo is here referred to as stating that the Maddens 
of Baggotsrath are of the old Milesian stock, it may not be uninteresting to give here 
the whole of his account of the O'Maddens in his own words : 

" Antiquissima hsec Progenies 0-Maddenorum, hibernice O'Madagain, .... recta de- 
scendit ab Heremone, tertio Natu e Milesii Regis Iberice, alias Hispanice, Filiis, qui, ut 
toties ajebam, permultis ante Virginis Partum centenis Annis in Insulam hanc ad pro- 
pagandum in ea Gentem advenerunt. A praslibato quippe Heremone Originem ducens 
Conn-Ceadchathach genuit Jomchaidh, cujus Fratres Progenitores fuere illustrissima- 
rum Familiarum de Maguire, . . . . et de Mac Makon in Ultonia. A memorato autem lom- 
chaidh post decem Generationes ortus estEogan, a quo O* Kelly, QtBuadhach [ratfeEoghan 
Buac] a quo 0- Madden, prognati sunt. O" 1 Kelly Regionis Imanice in hodierno Agro 
Galviensi, et 0-Madden Regionis Longofordiensis ibidem, Reges, sive Reguli, aut Dy- 
nastge, fuere, pro quorum Verborum Sensu adeas Cap. i. Num. xx. Pag. 29. 0-Maddeni 
nedum in Conacia vigent, sed et in Momonia, atque etiam in Lagenia, nominatim Do- 
mus 0-Maddenorum de Baggotsrath prope Dublinium, de qua, aliisque Stirpis illius 
antiquissimse Ramis obiter disserit Lodgceus, vol. iii. pag. 334, et vol. iv. pag. 333. 
Legesis Historiam Hibernice impressam Dublinii, Anno 1742, p. 307. 

" Non abs Re erit obiter hie Loci advertere, Baroniam Longofordiensem, adeoque et 
Comitatum Galmensem, comprehendisse Temporibus 0-Maddenorum Dynastarum Par- 
tern moderni Agri Regis va. Lagenia, vernacule dictam Lusmagh, haud obstante Shanano 
interfluente, atque sejungente Conaciam a Lagenia; integramque istam Baroniam in 
Dioecesi fuisse Clonfertensi, et Provincia Tuamensi. Postmodum autem per Legem 
Parlamentariam, ut vocant, Territorium illud, Lusmagh, in Ditione olim Dynastae 
Longofordiensis, unitum fuit Comitatui Regis, adeoque, et Nationi Lagenice, salvis 
tamen Juribus Episcopi Clonfertensis, et Archiepiscopi Tuamensis. Hinc Territorium 
illud, unica constans Parochia, intra Fines est Dioecesis Clonfertensis, et Provincial 
Tuamensis" Hibernia Dominicana, pp. 305, 306. 

Page 155, line 22, for " Oliver Goldsmith, M. D.," read " Oliver Goldsmith, M.B." 

Page 1 60, line i$,for 1583, read 1584. 

Page 177, line 17, for "Mac Naghtens," read "Naughtons, of Thomastown Park." 

Page 182, line 16, for " Helon," read " Helen." 

dip n-ct cpfocnujao, a n-Qc cliac t)uiblmne, le Seaan, mac Gamomn Oij, mic 
Sem-6amomn, mic Uilliam, rhic Choncubaip, rhic Gamomn Uf tDhonnabdm 6'n 
m-6an leacan, an oapa la oe mi na 6eallcame, 1843. 

7\o T-CUIJIID tDia cpioc mair oppainn uile. 





A Bhainn Uar river, where, . . 82, 83 
-J- Act of Settlement, John Madden, 

Gent., restored to some property by a 

grant under, 151 

Achadh Fionnabhrach, 8 

Achadh Muca, Murchadh O' Madden 

of, 132 

Acha Obhair, 15 

Adragule, townland, 184 


Many, 124 

AEDH, son of Brian, son of Maeleach- 

lainn O'Kelly, chief of Hy- Many, 108, 109 
AEDH, son of William O'Kelly, lord of 

Hy-Many, and ancestor of the house 

of Aughrim, 110 

AEDH GUAIRE, of Hy-Many, cause of the 

cursing of Tara, 27 

Aes Brengair, 89 

Aghelawkill townland, 164 

Aghrane castle. See Aughrane. . . 3 

Ahascragh, 103 

Aireanach, one of the boundaries of the 

ancient Hy-Many 5 

Andbaidh, meaning of, 1 18 

ANMCHADH, Latinized Animosus, now 

Ambrose 59 

Annaghbeg, Kelly of, . . . . . .128 

Annals of Clonmacnoise, curious notices 

of Edward Bruce in, 137 

Ardee, battle of, 68 

Ardfrey, 172 

Ard na cno, in Hy-Many, 89 

Arms and dresses of Hy-Many, keeper 

of, 88,89 

Armorial bearings of the Mac Cuolahans, 185 

of the O'Kellys, . .129 

of the O'Lallys, . . 180 

of the O' Maddens, . 152 

of the O'Naghtens . 177 

Ashfield, in the county of Gal way, seat 

of Daniel Mac Nevin, Esq. ... 69 

Ath an Chorrdoire, 11 

Ath an Saluin, one of the boundaries of 

the ancient Hy-Many, 6 

Ath Crocha, one of the boundaries of 

the ancient Hy-Many, 5 

Ath dearg duin, n 

Athenry. See Ath na riogh. 

Athenry, battle of, .... 45, 107, 138 

, parson of, 166 

Athklea-an-Coran, now Ballymote, . . 138 
Athleague, O'Kelly of, now represented 

by Kelly of Cargins, ] 8 


Athleague, O'Kelly of, his pedigree, 108-111 

, castle of, . . . . .3,111 

Ath Hag, two places so called in Hy- 

Many, 7 

Ath Hag bhfhinn, where, 83 

Ath Hag Maenacain, ib. 

Athlone, abbey of, 109 

, prior of, ....... 166 

Athluain, now Athlone, one of the boun- 
daries of the ancient Hy- Many, . . 5 
Ath Mogha, now Bally moe, one of the 

boundaries of the ancient Hy-Many, . 6 
Ath Nadsluaigh, now Ballinasloe, . .165 
Ath na riogh, now Athenry, one of the 
boundaries of the ancient Hy-Many, 

-, battle of, 

45, 107, 138 

A th n-fasdoig, 1 1 

Attiky townland, 151 

Attyknockan, Kelly of, 126 

Aughrane. See Castlekelly. 

Aughrim, in Irish Eachdhruim, . . 90, 91 

, castle of, 3 

, O'Kelly of, his pedigree, 123, 125 

, last survivor of the house of, 125 


Badhna, or Baghna, mountainous dis- 
trict of. See Sliabh Baghna, . .90,91 
Baggotsrath, Maddens of, called O' Mad- 
dens by De Burgo, 147 

, their pedigree, 

Baile na Banabai, now Ballynabanaby, 92, 93 

Bairrchinn, river of, 11 

Ballaghanohir, in Lusmagh, 145, and Map. 

Ballaghcressine, townland, 163 

Ballaghnagrossine, townland, . . . .164 
Ballinasloe, ancient Irish name of, . ,165 
castle of, by whom built, . 127 

Ballinasloe on the eastern boundary of 

the county of Galway, 70 

Ballinekille, townland, ...... 88 

Ballinescragh, townland, 164 

Ballinrowan, townland, 37 

Ballinvoggane, townland in the barony 
of Kilconnell, part of the estate of 

O'Lyne in 1617, 28, 29 

Ballybranagh, now Walshestown, . .151 

Ballycrussyne, townland, 163 

Ballydonnellan, 169 

, situation of, 76 

, Black Castle of, . 170, 171 

, centre house of, by whom 

built, 172 

, east castle of, by whom 

built, 173 

Ballydugan, or Ballydoogane, . . . 72, 181 

, William Burke of, . . .173 

Ballyelly, townland, 69 

Ballyglass, townland, 68 

Ballyheague, Teigue Donnellan of, . .171 

Ballykie, townland, 29 

Ballymacuolahan, 184 

Ballymurry, seat of O'Murry in 1585, . 19 
Ballynabanaby, .... 92, 93, 178-182 

Ballynafouragh, 163 

Ballyneforagh, townland, ib. 

Ballynahown, near Aughrim, .... 69 

Ballyrahan, . 152 

Banquets, superintendant of, in Hy-Many, 89 
Bards of Ireland entertained by O'Kelly, 104 
Barons, Anglo-Norman, curious deci- 
sion of the, .... 142 

Battle of Brian, i. e. the battle of Clon- 

tarf, fought 1014, 16,44,99 

Battles of Hy-Many, by whom proclaimed, 

90, 91 
Beagh, Kelly of, ........ 127 

Bealaforen, on the River Suck, . . .115 



Beallagh, two places of the name in Hy- 
Many, 113, 126 

Bealanamore, townland, ...... 68 

Bearnach na n-arm in Moenmoy, ... 12 
Bearna dhearg castle, by whom built, . 128 

, O'Kellys of, . .165 

Belagallda, O' Kelly of, his pedigree, . 108 

Belalobhar, 15 

Belanagare, O' Conor of, 170 

Belanamore, Kelly of, 126 

Belathnaony, townland, 98 

BERMISGHAM, Meyler Boy, 121 

BERMINGHAM, Lord, Lally of Tolendal 

tenant under, 178 

BERWICK, Duchess de, 117 

Birra, lion of, 133 

Black Castle, 170, 171 

BLAKE, of Oran Castle, 173 

Book of Hy-Many, . . . . 1, 133, 175 
Book of Lecan, when compiled, . . . ib. 

Book of Leinster, 87 

Boye, river of, separates Galway from 

Clare, 69 

BOYTON, family of, in Irish O'Baedain, . 91 
BRANNON, Mr. Michael, his Irish poem 
on the Shannon and its tributary 

streams, 84 

Braoi-eol See Bruigheol. .... 166 

Bredach, 92, 93 

Bredach, the noblest cantred of Hy-Many, 77 

Brefinee, O'Rourke of, 170 

Brehon, frpeicearh, meaning of, . . . 168 

Brehon Law, what, ib. 

Brehons of Ireland, names of some of the, ib. 

entertained by O' Kelly, 104 

BRENAINN, Saint, patron of Kerry, . . 40 
BRESAL O'KELLY, lord or chief of Hy- 
Many, 119 

BRIAN, son of Maeleachlainn O'Kelly, 
tanist of Hy-Many, died 1393, . . .109 


BRIDGET, Saint, patroness of Magh Finn, 77 
BRIGHIT, or Bridget, Saint, the people 
of Hy- Many baptized at her church of 

Camach, 79 

Brosnagh, river, 69 

Brosnugh, two rivers so called, ... 70 

Bruigheol, where situated, 166 

Buil, recte Buill, now Boyle, plain of, . 130 

Bungowla, 70 

Bun Suicin, head of the River Suck, . 84 
Butler of the chief of Hy-Many, who, . 87 


Caah, a corruption of Cathach, meaning 

of the word, 82 

Cadariaigh of the Feadha, a Firbolgic 

tribe, 86, 87 

Cahercranilly , townland, 37 

Caill a Maolain, townland. See Killy- 

moyllan, 160 

CAIRECH DERGAIN, a virgin, patroness of 

Cloonburren, 62 

CAIRELL, Saint, patron of Clonkeen- 

Kerril, 79 

CAIRBRE, a man's name, 59 

CAIRPRI, a man's name, ib. 

CAIRPRI CROM, descendants of, ... 27 

, race of, where entered, . 80 

, his grant to the abbey of 

Clonmacnoise, 15 

, cross of, where situated, 81 

Calla, Anthony Donnellan of, ... 173 
Caludh, meaning of the word, ... 74 
Caladh, a cantred of Hy-Many, . 74, 90, 91 
, Tadhg Dubh O'Kelly of, . .121 

Caladh Sionna, chiefs of, 74 

Callow, or Caladh, castle of, erected by 
William Boy O'Kelly, chief of Hy- 
Many, 104, 171 



Camach Brighdi, now Gamma, ... 78 
Cambrensis E versus, quoted, . . . . 81 
Comma, parish. See Camach Brighdi. 

Camus, townland, 88 

Cappaghard, townland, .... 36, 37 

Caradh 130, 132, 134 

Caradh, the northern boundary of Hy- 

Many, 7, 66, 130, 132, 134 

Caradh na d-tuath, . 134 

Cargins, Kelly of, said to represent 
O' Kelly of Athleague, . . . .18,111 

Carnagh, townland, 15 

Came Fraoigh, king of Connaught in- 
augurated at, 138 

Carowanclogha castle, belonging to Rory 

O'Horan in 1617, 88 

Carowmore, townland, ib. 

Carowmore-Derihoran, townland, . . ib. 
Carownafinoigga, townland, . . . . ib. 

Carownalegy, 181 

Carownalahy, 178 

Carraig, Nichol Og Makeogh of, . .167 
Carranadoo bridge. See Caradh na 

d- tuath. 

Carrowanamonine, townland, . . . .178 
Carrowanmeanagh, townland, . . . 88, 184 

Carrowneboe, quarter of, 20 

Carrownegarrane, townland, . . . .178 

Carrownekahie, townland, ib. 

Carrownesire, quarter of, 20 

Carunesier, quarter of, 121 

Cashel, king of, supported the prince of 
Hy- Many against the O' Conors . 92,93 

Castlegar, Kelly of, 126 

Castlekelly, or Aughrane, Kelly of, re- 
presents O'Kelly of Screen, .... 18 

, O'Kelly, or Kelly of, his 

pedigree, 113-117 

, ancient name of, . . . 3, 108 

Castles built by the O'Ketfys,, .... 3 


Castletown, Iriel O' Kennedy of, . . .169 
Cathach, meaning of the word, . . 81, 82 
Cathach of St. Columbkille, .... 82 

Cathach of St. Caillin, ib. 

CATHAL, son of Murchadh, chief of Hy- 
Many, 98 

CATHAL MAC AILELLA, chief of Hy-Many, 97 
CATHAL MAC OILELLA, chief of Hy- Many, 31 
CATHRAIGHI, a tribe of the Firbolgs 

seated near the River Suck, . . 83, 84 
CATARAIGHI of the Suck, an enslaved tribe 

of the Firbolgs, 92, 93 

Ce, prince of, who, 141 

Ceis Corainn, battle of, 63, 99 

CELLACH, progenitor of the O'Kellys, 44, 97 

. , his 

grant to the church of Clonmacnoise, . 98 
CELLACH, son of Domhnall O'Kelly, 

chief of Hy-Many, 124 

CELLACH O'KELLY of Aughrim, last pre- 
suinptivechief of Hy-Many of the house 

of Aughrim, 125 

Chalices, 365, presented to the church 
by Conchobhar, or Conor Moenmoy 

O'Kelly, . . 102 

Chapel- Tully, in Kilconnel abbey, . .171 
Chess-boards, keepers of, in Hy-Many, 88, 89 
Churches, twelve, built in Moenmoy by 

Conor Moenmoy O'Kelly 102 

CIAN, a Firbolgic chief, . . . .9,10,11 

, his forces, . . 11 

Cill Cluaine church, where situated, . 9 
Cill Conain, a church in the cantred of 

Sodhan, 72 

Cill Cormaic, patron of, 16 

Cill Cumadan church, 78 

Cill Mian, now Kilmeen, ib. 

Cill Modhiuid, a church in the cantred 

of Sodhan, 72 

Cill tulach. See Kiltullagk. 


CINEL AEDHA, 90, 91, 139 

, pedigree of, ... 38, 39 

CINEL CRITAIN, pedigree of, .... 35 


CINEL FATHAIDH, pedigree of, ... 35 
CINEL FEICHIN, situation of, .... 15 


CINEL FIACHA, Mageoghegan's tribe, . 145 





Cladach, O'Kellys of, 165 

Claddagh castle, by whom built, . . .128 
Clanmacnowen, O'Kelly of, represented 

by Kelly of Clooncannon, . . . . 18 
Clanmacnowen barony, why so called, . 102 
Clanna Moirne, patrimony of, .... 7 


, pedigree of, . . . 31 

CLANN AMLAIBH, tribe name of the 

O'Naghtens, 33 

CLANN BRESAIL, tribe name of the 

O'Donnellans, 33, 88, 89 

, chiefs of, 76 

CLANN CAIRPRI CRUIM, pedigree of, . 27 
CLANN CERNAIGH, pedigree of, ... 29 

, surnames of the race of, ib. 

CLANN CIONAOITH. See MuinterChinaith. 
CLANN COMAIN, pedigree of, .... 27 
CLANN CREMTHAINN, pedigree of, . . ib. 


, chief of, .... 75 

CLANN DUIBHGINN, tribe of, ... 76, 77 
CLANN FIACHRA FINN, pedigree of, . . 33 
CLANN FLAITHEAMHAIL, chiefs of, 75, 76, 77 

, pedigree of, . 31 




CLANN INDRECHTAIGH, . . . . 88, 90, 91 


, descent of, 102 

CLANN VATEIR, a branch of the Burkes, 106 
Clanrickarde territory, extent of, . . 17, 18 
CLANRICKARDE, first Earl of, .... ib. 

CLANRICKARDE, lord of, Ill 

, defeated by O' Mad- 

den in 1306, 145 

, how he first acquired 

the estate of Portumna, 1 47 

Classaght, townland, 164 

Clochar Mac Daimhin, where, . . 10, 14 
Cloghan, Cormac Og O'Kelly of, . . 108 
Cloghan Castle, in Lusmagh, people slain 

at, in 1595, 150, 151 

Clogher, O'Mainnin's castle, .... 107 

Clonalis, O'Conor Don of, 170 

Cloneorun castle, 115 

Clonkeen, townland 164 

Clonfert, comharba of, 78 

, deacon of, 166, 167 

, Thomas O'Kelly, bishop of, 44, 45, 

103, 107 

Clonfert- Brendan, 165 

Clonierin castle, by whom built, . . .128 

Clonkeen, Kelly of, ib. 

Clonkeen- Kerril, parish of, 79 

Clonmacnoise abbey, 3 

, townlands in Hy- 

Many granted to, . . . . 15, 98, 188 
, church and termon of, 

plundered, 143 

, O'Kelly 's church at, when 

erected 102 

, registry of, . . . . 80, 81 

Clonsee, townland, 164 

Clontarf, battle of, 16 

Clontushert abbey, ... 3, 53, 73. 79, 91 
Clooncorin, townland, 164 

C 2 



Cloonebannas, townland, 164 

Cloonefeaghan, townland, 151 

Cloonagh, John Fallen of, 173 

Cloonowen church, anciently Cluain Em- 

hain, 80 

Clowneleahan, townland, 184 

Cluain acha Leaga, 15 

Cluain Bigin, Tadhg Makeogh of, . .166 
Cluain Buarain, O'Kellys of ? . . . .165 
Cluain Cain Cairill, church of, ... 79 

Cluain Cuill, 15 

castle of, by whom built, . 128 

L_ Kelly of, . . . . 128, 165 

Cluain Domhnaigh, 145 

Cluain Emhain church, where situated, 79 
Cluain Fearta, comharba of, .... 78 
Cluainin, road of, injured by O'Conor, . 110 

Cluain Ruis, 86, 87 

, where situated, .... 88 

Cluain tuaiscirt. See Clontuskert. 
Cluain tuaiscirt na Sinna, one of the 

boundaries of Hy-Many, ... 5, 74, 99 
, two monas- 
teries of the name in the ancient Hy- 
Many, 74 

Cluain tuaiscirt, prior of, 53 

Cnoc tuagh, now Knockdoe, battle of, 

119, 120 

COBHTHACH, a man's name, .... 58 
Cogran house, seat of Mac Cuolahan, . 41 
Coillin Maolruany, townland, .... 98 
Coillte ruadha, castle of, where, . . .168 
COLLA DA CHRIOCH, ancestor of the Hy- 
Many, ..... 10 

Comharba, meaning of the term, ... 77 
Comharbas of Hy-Many. See Coworbs. 

77, 78, 79 
Combat, general challenge of, . . . 88, 89 


of Hy-Many, .' 109, 118 


chief of Hy-Many in 1180, . . . .102 
CONCHOBHAR, son of Domhnall Mor 

O' Kelly, chief of Hy-Many, sons of, . 51 
CONCHOBHAR, son of Domhnall Mor 

O' Kelly, chief of Hy-Many in 1268, . 103 

Catha Bhriain, chief of Hy-Many, . 99 
CONCHOBHAR O'KELLY^ King of Hy-Many, 45 

CONRY, family of. See O'Mulconry. 

Cooloorta, townland, 163 

Coolowe castle, 115 

Corbeg castle, 3 

Corca Mogha .district, situation of, . . 84 

Corca Moncha, 84, 85 

Coreclogha, townland, 184 

CORMAC, a man's name, anglicised Charles, 59 
CORMAC'S Glossary referred to, ... 65 
Cornegallagh, quarter of, . . . .20,121 

Corrymore, Kelly of, . . . . . . .126 

Coworbs, or Comharbas of Sil Muireadh- 

aigh, 138 

Cranagh Mac Nevin, 68 

Crannog Mec Cnaimhin, the ancient seat 

of Mac Nevin, where situated, . . . ib. 

Craobh Greallain, 8 

Creagga, 15 

Creganigragh, townland 29 

Criaghe, now Creagh, situation of, . . 19 
CRIMTHANN GAEL, race of, ... 88, 89 
CROMTHAR AEDH, of Siol Anmchadha, . 80 
CRONELLY, John, keeper of the crozier 

of St. Grellan, 81 

Crosconaill, 15 

Crosse-Eighter, townland, 164 

Crosse-Macdonnaghmore, townland, 163, 164 

Crosse-oughter, townland, ib. 

Crozier of St. Grellan carried in battle, 14 

i 9 7 


Cniffon, territory, extent of, .... 73 
CRUFFONS. See Clann Cremthainn. . 89 

, the keepers of the hounds of 

Hy-Many, 90, 91 

, chiefs of Hy-Many, of the . 98 

-, proclaimed the battles of the 

chief of Hy-Many, 90,91 

Cruimther, meaning of the word, . . 80 
Crumhthainn, territory. See Cruffon. 

Cuil aneirig, . . 35 

Cul-choimed, meaning of the term, . . 88 

Cullenane, O'Carroll of, 169 

Culnetrump, townland, 184 

CUOLAHAN. See Mac Uallachain. 
CUOLAHANS, present head of, .... 41 

, pedigree of, ... 183-188 

Cups, keepers of, in Hy-Many, . . 88, 89 

Curin, townland, 178 

Curraghmore, townland, 164 


DAL CAIS, the O'Briens and their cor- 
relatives, 92, 93 

DAL DEDITHNE, . 13, 76, 77, 85, 87, 90, 91 

D'ARCY, many who have assumed the 
name, of Irish origin, 30 

DAVIES, Sir John, his definition of com- 
harba, 77, 78 

Dealbhna Nuadhat, a territory lying be- 
tween the rivers Suck and Shannon, 83, 98 

DE BURGO, author of Hibernia Domini- 
cana, his notice of the Maddens of 
Baggotsrath, 154, 188 

DE BURGO, William, the Red Earl's son, 139 

Deed, curious Irish one, . . 160, 161, 162 

Deirgdeirc, now Lough Derg, one of the 
boundaries of Hy- Many, ..... 5 

DENIS HENRY KELLY, of Castlekelly, 
Esq., his description of the extent of 
Hy-Many, . . . ... 2, 3, 4 


Derrihoran, townland, 88 

Derrisweny, townland, ib. 

Derryglassan, townland, . . . 163, 164 
DIARMAID, son of Gilbert O' Kelly, king 

of Hy-Many, .' 45 

DIARMAID, son of Gilbert O' Kelly, king 

of Hy-Many, hanged O'Mannin, 107, 108 
DIARMAID O'KELLY, chief of Hy-Many, 102 

Dirremacegane, 69 

Distort, now Djsert, 15 

DLUTJHACH, chief of Hy-Many, ... 31 
DOMHNALL, son of Aedh O'Kelly, chief 

of Hy-Many, 124 

DOMHNALL, son of Conchobhar O'Kelly, 

chief of Hy-Many, died 1295, . . .106 
DOMHNALL, son of Muireadhach, chief 

of Hy-Many, 100 


Tailltenn, chief of Hy-Many, . . .102 


of Hy-Many, who died in 1307, . .103 
, de- 

scendants of, 47, 48 

DONNCHADH, son of Bresal O'Kelly, chief 

of half Hy-Many, 110 

DONNCHADH, son of Maeleachlainn 

O'Kelly, chief of Hy-Many, . 109,118 
DONNCHADH, son of Ruaidhri na Maor 

O'Kelly, chief of Hy-Many, . . . .126 
DONNCHADH O'KELLY, chief of Hy- 
Many in 1074, 102 

DONNELLAN, Arthur, Esq., present head 

of the O'Donnellans of Hy-Many, . 76 
DONNELLAN, surname of, should be spelled 

with two Fs 171 

DONNELLAN, of Gloucestershire, . 170,171 

DONNGAL, a man's name, 58 

Doonaree, near Bally donnellan, . . .170 

. See Dun na riogh. 

Doonbolgan, Edmond Oge O'Kelly of, . 128 


Door-keeper of the chief of Hy-Many, 87, 91 

DORCEY, family of, 30 

Downoman, now Dunamon, . . . .138 
Dresses and arms of Hy-Many, keepers of, 89 
DruimClasach,m Hy-Many, where situated, 10 
DruimDrestan, church of, where situated, 79 
Drum church, O'Nagh ten's tomb in, . 176 

, anciently called Druim Drestan, 79 

Drum, townland, 178 

Drynan, Kelly of, 126 

Drysseghan, townland, 163 

DUACH GALLACH, king of Connaught, . 8 
Dublin, parliament convened at, in 1585, 121 

Dunadhach, now Deny, 58 

Dunamon. See Dun Imghain. 
Dunanoghta, in Hy-Many, .... 15 

Dun Beglaitt, ib. 

Dun Doighre, now Duniry 169 

, Book of, ib. 

, Mac Egans of, . . . . ib. 

Dun Domnaill, now Dundonnell, . . 15 
Dun Imghain, now Dunamon, formerly 

in Hy-Many, 7 

Duniry, in the county of Galway, . . 1 69 
Dunlo castle, by whom built, . . . .127 

Dun meadhoin, 15 

Dunmore abbey, tomb of Thomas Roe 

O'Kellyin, 128 

Dunnamonadh, O'Kellys of, . . . .165 
Dun no, riugh, near Ballydonnellan, . . 11 


Eachruim, recte Eachdhruim, .... 130 
Eallach, meaning of the word, ... 88 
Echtghe, Firbolgic tribe of, . . 92, 93 

, mountainous district of, . 90, 91 

Echdruim, now Aughrim, 130 

Edifices of the chief of Hy-Many, by 
whom erected 90, 91 


EDMOND O'KELLY, said to have been the 
thirty-seventh O' Kelly, 109 

EDWARD BRUCE lands in Ulster, . . . 136 

Eiftdr Alaing, recte Eiscir alainn, one of 
the boundaries of the ancient Hy-Many, 6 

Eiscir Ui Mhaontigain, River Suck rises 
in, 84 

Enfield, crest of the O'Kellys, ... 99 

English chieftains in Ireland, character 
of, 136 

English manners to be used in Hy-Many, 20 

English tongue to be used in Hy-Many, ib. 

EOCHAIDH O'KELLY, ancestor of the 
Keoghs 166 

EOGHAN, a man's name, now Owen, . . 59 

EOGHAN BUAC, chief of Hy-Many, an- 
cestor of the Southern Hy-Many, or 
0' Maddens, &c 29 

EOGHAN FINN, chief of Hy-Many, ances- 
tor of the Northern Hy-Many, or 
O'Kellys, &c ib. 

EOGHANACHS, the O'Neills, &c., so called, 

136, 137 

EOGHANACHTS, the Mac Carthys and 
their correlatives so called, ... 92, 93 

Eraght O'Murry, a district in the barony 
of Athlone, 20 

Eric, meaning of the word, .... 65 

EUGENIUS MAGNUS, Hugony the Great, 
monarch of Ireland, not so called, . 176 


FAHY. See O'Fahy. 

Fassa Coille, battle of, 107 

Feadha, a district in the barony of Ath- 
lone, 71 

anciently belonging to a Firbolgic 
tribe, 86 


Feadha, O'Naghten's country since the 
English invasion, extent of, ... 176 

, Maeleachlainn O'Kelly of, . . 109 

Fedane, castle of, granted to Captain 
Colla O'Kelly, of Screen, . . . .115 

Fenechus law, what, 168 

FERADHACH, a man's name, .... 59 
FERDORAGH O'KELLY, chief of Hy-Many, 124 

Ferranbreaghe, 20 

Fidh Monach, extent of, .... 92, 93 
Fighill, R. Keogh, Esq., of, . . . .167 
Finnabhair in Hy-Many, where, . . 35, 37 
Finnabhair, O'Lomain, of, .... 35 

Finnure, in Moenmagh, 70 

FIRBOLGS originally possessed Hy-Many, 9 

, two families of, in Connaught, 

in Roderic O'Flaherty's time, ... 85 

, families of, in Hy-Many, . 85, 86 

never driven out of Sliabh 

Baghna, 90 

Firbolgic tribes of Badhna erected the 
lower habitations of the chiefs of Hy- 
Many, 90, 91 

Fisheries of Hy-Many, superintendents 

of, 92,93 

FITHCHELLACH, chief of Hy-Many, . . 31 
FLAITHNIA, son of Dluthach, chief of 

Hy-Many, 32 

For mail, Aedh Finn of, 131 


GADHRA, a man's name, Anglicised form 



GADHRA MOR, son of Dunadhach, ances- 
tor of O' Madden, said to have been 

chief of all Hy-Many, 99 

Gaela in Hy-Many, O'Lomain of, . . 35 
Gaels, considered ignoble by the Eng- 
lish in 1315, 142 

Gaille, now Galey, Mac Edmond of, . 103 

, castle of, by whom built, . . 104 

, literati of Ireland enter- 
tained at, in 1351, 104,105 

Galey. See Gaille. 

Gallagh, situation of, 19 

, O'Kelly of, now represented by 

O'Kelly of Ticooly, 18 

, castle of, by whom built, 3, 119, 


Galway county, eastern boundaries of, . 69 
Gamesters of Ireland entertained by 

O'Kelly, 104 

Garbally castle. See Garbhdhoire. 
Garrenemoddagh townland, . . . .164 
Garbhdhoire, now Garbally castle, 3, 119, 


Garryblaken townland, 37 

GEIBHENNACH, son of Aedh, chief of Hy- 
Many, 99 

GILBERT O'KELLY, king of Hy-Many, 45, 


Gilkagh townland, 164 

Glinske, Sir Ulick Burke of, .... 122 
Glaisi Uair stream, where, .... 82 

Glaislinn, 130 

Glnn Phadruig, where, 82 

Gold, keeper of, in Hy-Many, . . 88, 89 
GOLDSMITH, Dr. Oliver, descent of, . . 155 

Golloglie, townland, 181 

Gorta, townland, ib. 

Gortacharn 15 

Gortnyponry, townland, 178 

Gortskehy, townland, 88 

Graiglaban, townland, 164 

Grainsy, 15 

GREEN, a translation of O'Fahy, ... 36 
GRELLAN, St., his crozier, . . . 13, 14, 81 

, his tributes, . . . . 13 

, life of, . . 8,9,10,11,12 



GRELLAN, St., life of, error in, . . 10, n. y 
Grian river, one of the boundaries of 

the ancient Hy-Many, 5 

, course,. &c., of, 68, 130, 132, 

GROSLEY, Mons, his gross fabrication 

about Dr. Samuel Madden, . 153, 154 
Gruan, 15 


Hajari, lands of the, 15 

Habitations of the chief of Hy-Many, the 

three upper by whom erected, . . 90, 91 

, the lower habitations, . . ib. 

Harpers of Hy-Many, who and where 

located, 92, 93 

HARRINGTON, sometimes formed from an 

Irish name, 43 

Horses of Hy-Many, rearers of, . . 90, 91 
Hostages of Hy-Many, by whom kept, 92, 93 
Hostings of Spring and Autumn, . . 66 
Hounds of Hy-Many, keepers of, . 90, 91 
HUGH O'KELLY of Lisdalon, last chief of 

Hy-Many 112 

HUGH O'KELLY, chief of Hy-Many, . 124 
HY-BAEDAIN, of Badhna, . . . . 90, 91 

HY-BRAIN, ib. 

HY-CORMAIC, of Maenmagh, pedigree, 

&c., of, 37, 76, 77, 90, 91 



HY-DUACH, pedigree of, 37 



HY-FIACHRACH FINN, who, .... 87 


Hy-Many, or Ui Maine, various forms 

of the name, 2 

, meaning of the name, . . . 3, 4 

, the ancient, comprised the 


third part of the province of Con- 
naught, 64 

, encroached upon by the 

O'Conors, 83 

Hy-Many, the modern extent of, . 17, 18 
, ancient boundaries of, as de- 
scribed in an ancient MS., .... 4 

, chieftains of, in 1585, . 18, 19, 20 

, list of the chiefs of, from an 

ancient poem, 14, 15, 16, 17 

, chiefs of, who were of the 

O' Madden family, 16, 17 

chief of, his subsidy from the 

king of Connaught, 92, 93 

, chief of, his three upper habi- 

tations, 90, 91 

, his lo wer habitations, ib. 

chief of, by whom inaugura- 

ted and dethroned, ib, 

, revengers of the insults 

offered to, 

last chief of, who was of the 

O' Madden family, 144 

, lord of, defeated the king of 

Munster, 97 

, Comharba's of, . . . 77, 78, 79 

, the Northern, descent of, . 29 

, the Southern, descent of, . ib. 

. , number of baronies in, in 

1585, 19 

, enslaved tribes of, . . . 82, 83 

, hereditary servitors of, . 86, 87 

, marshals of, ib. 

, people of, by whom anointed, 80 

, the people of, where baptized, 79 

, privileges of, . . . 65, 66, 67 

, sub-chiefs of, enumerated, 67, 75, 

, towns and castles of, under 

the stewards of Eoghan O' Madden, . 139 


Hy-Many, tributaries of, .... 62, 63 

. See Ui Maine. 


. See Ui Maine Brengair. 

HY-TEIMNEIN, of Muilenn Glaisni, . 90, 91 



Illanmore, an island in the Shannon, 
Imany. See Hy-Muny. 

Imany, extent of, in 1585, 19 

Implements of battle, 92, 93 

Inch House, Balbriggan, John Travers 

Madden, Esq. of, his descent, . . . 155 
Inchenegal, island in the Shannon, . . 69 
Inishcaldry, now Iniscaltra, . . . . ib. 
Inis Cealltra, in Lough Derg, belonged 

to Hy-Many, 7 

Inis Clothrann, belonged to Hy-Many, . ib. 

Inishfadda, 69 

Inishtymune, ib. 

Inis Locha Caolain, 101 

Iron of Hy-Many, by whom kept, . 90, 91 

Iskerroe, townland, 164 

Island, the, in O'Mannin's cantred, . .163 
Jesters of Ireland entertained by O' Kelly, 104 
JOHN XXII., Pope, remonstrance of the 

Irish chiefs to, 136 


Kealuragh, townland, ..'.... 36 
Kearroghs. See Gamesters. 
KEAVENY, family, descent of, . . . 62, 63 
Kellin, now Killeen, townland, ... 68 

KELLY of Annaghbeg, 128 

of Attyknockan, 126 

of Ballinasloe, pedigree of, . .1 27 

of Beagh, ib. 

of Beallagh, . . . - . . . .126 



KELLY of Belaforin, 126 

of Belanamore, ib. 

of Castlegar, ...... ib. 

: of Castlekelly, armorial bearings, 129 

of Clonkeen, 128 

of Cluain Cuill, pedigree of, . ib. 

of Corrymore, 126 

of Drynan, ....... ib. 

of Killian, ib. 

ofLavally, 128 

of Moot, ........ 126 

ofTristen, 128 

of Tuath Cleirigh, . . . .126 

Col. Charles, 115 

Captain Denis, portrait of, . .116 

KEOGH'S country, extent of, ... 77, 102 
KEOGH. See Mac Keogh and Mac Eo- 

Keoghville, Ross Keogh, Esq., of, . .167 

KEOGHS of Leinster, ib. 

Kilcomedon church, . . 78 

Kilconnell abbey, 3 

, by whom founded, . 105 

, Chapel- Tully in, . . . .171 

, stone cross near, erected by 

John Donnellan 172 

Kilcreen, townland, 164 

Kildare, Garrett Earl of, marches into 

Connaught, 110,111 

Killcalman, castle of, 133 

Killchuirin, now Kilkerrin, . . . . 15 

Killchuynne, towuland, 98 

Kill Goirill, 15 

Killian, Kelly of, 126 

Killiane, town of, given to Connor Oge 

O' Kelly, of Mullaghmore, .... 20 

Killiane, situation of, 18 

Killiarainn, . 15 

Killie Carrie, woods of, 69 

Killithain, now Killian, 15 




Kill-luain, townland 98 

Killmeog, townland, . . . . . . . ib. 

Killmonolog, 15 

Klllorain, ib. 

Killosaigelain, now Killasolan, . . . ib. 

Killymoyllan, townland, 163 

Killy-Moylan, townland, 164 

Kill Tormoir, 15 

Killtuma, now Kiltoom, ib. 

Killucan, Edmond Donnellan of, . . 171 

Killuir Beg, 15 

Killuir Mor, ib. 

Killupain, now Killuppaun, . ib. 

Kilmeen, church, 78 

Kilnemocle, townland, 164 

Kilnaborris, Ambrose Madden, Esq. of, 152 
Kiltullagh, O'Cancannon's seat, where, 19 

castle, 115 

church, 78 

Kiltyroe, or Redwood, Mac Egan of, . 168 
King of Connaught, door keeper to, . 87 

Knockanteige, townland, 36 

Knochcrogherie, castle, 115 

Knockcrogherie, market and fair esta- 
blished at, ib. 

Knockmoy abbey, . . . 3, 105, 106, 120 

, monument of Maeleach- 

lainn O' Kelly in, 105 

Koil M' Shane, townland, 88 

Koyllbelatha, 15 


Lacken, in the county Roscommon, . . 157 

LALLY TOLENDAL, Count, . . r . . 71 
LARKIN. See O'Lorcain. 

Lathach, meaning of the word, ... 76 

Lathach, in Moemagh, ib. 

Locally, Kelly of, 128 

Lavally castle, by whom built, . . . ib. 

Leabhar Breac of the Mac Egans, called 

the Book of Dun Doighre, . . . .169 

Lecan, O' Kelly of, Ill 

Lecarrowintlevy, townland, .... 28 
Lecharro, castle of, granted to Captain 

Colla O'Kelly, 115 

LEDWICH, his error about the monument 

in the abbey of Knockmoy, . . . .105 

Lehergen, townland, 28 

Leithridh, Roderic O' Conor defeated at, 135 
Letters patent of Queen Elizabeth to 

O' Madden, 148, 149 

Lisbally, 177, 178 

Liscor, O'Kelly of, Ill 

Lisdalon, incorrectly Lisecalhone, . . 18 

, O'Kelly of, 112 

Lisecalhone, recte Lisdalon, . . . . 18 

Lisduff, townland, 68 

Lisgobban, or Ballylisgobban, .... 84 
Lishadoile, townland, belonging toO'Fahy 

in 1617 36, 37 

Lisloghagh, townland, 161 

Lismoyfadda, townland, 88 

Lisnacornaireagha, O'Sheehans of, . 92, 93 

Lisnagrey, townland, 28 

Lisnegroth, townland, 164 

Lissebarry, townland, ib. 

Lissegegan, townland, ib. 

Lissenuskey, townland, 28 

Lissenoke, 20 

Loch Ce. See Lough Key 141 

Loch Deirgdherc, 7 

Loch Greine, 7, 134, 145 

, description of the district 

around, by Brian Merriman, . . .134 

Loch Ri, 10 

Loch Riach, now Loughrea, .... 145 
Loch Righ, one of the boundaries of Hy- 

Many, 7 

Loch Ui Fhloinn, where, 84 



Loghanroe, townland, 68 

Loughdirgirt, 69 

Loughetory, now Loughatorig, . . . ib. 

Lough Key, fortress of, 141 

Loughrea barony, O' Fahy's estates in, 36, 37 
LUGHAIDH DEALBH- AEDH, ancestor of all 

the Dealbhna, 83 

Luimneck, an old name of the Shannon, 67 
Lusmagh, one of the boundaries of Hy- 

Many, 5 

, where situated, 7 

LYNCH, Dr. John, author of Cambrensis 

Eversus, 81 

Lysdallen. See Lisdalon 20 


MAC BRAIN, 42, 43 


MAC CARTHY MORE, his Brehon, . .168 

MAC CATHAIL, family of, 63 


MAC CNAIMHIN, one of the sub-chiefs of 

Hy-Many, 68, 69 

MAC COGHLAN, Sir John, 70 

MAC CONRY of West Connaught, . . 44 
MAC CUOLAHANS, the ancient chiefs of 

Siol Anmchadha, 41 

, pedigree of, . . 183 to 188 

MAC CUOLAHAN, became chief of Siol 

Anmchadha, 143, 144 

, pedigree of, ... 41 

MAC DEKMOT, had the inauguration of 

the king of Connaught, 138 

MAC DUNGAIL, 42, 43 

MAC EDMOND of Gaille, a branch of the 

O'Kelly's, 20, 103 

MAC EDMOND'S country, where, ... 20 

MAC EGAN. See Clann Aedhagain. 

MAC EGAN, chief of Clann Diarmada, 75, 89 


MAC EGAN, pedigree of, . . . . 168, 169 

, Boethius, son of Flaithgheal, 161 

, Dionysius of Coillte ruadha, 168 

, marshal of Hy-Many, . 86, 87 

-, of Ormond, short pedigree of, 169 

MAC EGANS, Brehons, 168 

MAC EOCHADHA, now Keogh, descent of, 102 

, pedigree of, . . . .165 

MAC FIRBIS, Duald, his account of the 
Plebeian families of ancient Ireland, . 85 

, his pedigree of O' Madden 

not correct 121 

, his translation of the Regis- 
try of Clonmacnoise, quoted, ... 98 

MAC FLOINN, family of, 53 

MAC GERAGHTE, in Hy-Many in 1585, . 19 


MAC GILLI-ENAN, family of, .... 75 
MAC GIOLLA FHIONNAGAIN, family of, . ib. 

MAC GLADDRY of Ulster, 39 

MAGENNIS, DENIS, Donnellan's pedigree 

copied by, 174 

MAC KEOGH. See Mac Eochadha and 


MAC KEOGHE, seat of, in 1585, ... 19 
MAC KEOGHS, a branch of the O'Kellys, 77 

MAC KNAVIN, Hugh, 68 

MAC LOUGHLIN, Rev. Patrick, his ab- 
stract of the Book of Lecan, . . . 266 

MAC MUROIN, 42, 43 

MAC NAGHTEN, not the same name as 

O'Naghten, 177 

MAC NEVIN; in Irish, Mac Cnaimhin, 
one of the sub-chiefs of Hy-Many, 68, 69 

, estate of, in 1602, ... 69 

, Dr., ib. 

, Daniel, Esq., ib. 

MAC QUILLIN, of the Rout, . . .46, 103 

MAC THOLIES, Brehons 168 

MAC TEIGES of the barony of Leitrim, 


descend from Tadhg Catha Bhriain 

O'Kelly, 100 

MAC UALLACHAIN, now Cuolahan, . . 41 

, pedigree of, . 183 to 188 

MAC WARD of Hy- Many, descent of, 159, 160 

MADAINS of France, 154 

MADDEN, Ambrose, Esq., of Streams- 
town, present head of the O'Maddens, 70, 


, Sir Frederic, his description 

of the armorial bearings of the Septs 

of O' Madden, 152, 153 

, descent of, . . 70 

, Ambrose, Esq., monument to, 

in 1754, in Meelick abbey, .... 152 

, Gregory French, Esq., . . ib. 

, John, Gent, restored to a few 

townlands under Act of Settlement, . 151 

, Very Rev. John, Dean of Kil- 

more, 155 

, Col. John of Hilton, his pedi- 
gree, 158 

, Laurence, of Fahy, Esq., . 152 

, Dr. R. R., arms of, . . .153 

, Dr. Samuel, commonly called 

Premium Madden, 158 

, fiction about his 

descent 153, 154 

, his true descent, 153, 

154, 155, 157 
, some curious no- 

tices of, 157, 158 

, Rev. Samuel, of Blackrath, 

Kilkenny, pedigree of, 155 

-, Thomas, Esq., of Baggotsrath, 

his pedigree and arms, ] 56 

MAELDUIN, a man's name, ..... 58 

Many in 1375, 105 

MAELEACHLAINN (or Maelseachlainn) 

O'Kelly, became chief of Hy-Many in 

1499, 111,119 

MAELEACHLAINN, son of Aedh, son of 

Brian O'Kelly, chief of half Hy-Many, 110 

dha, chief of Hy-Many, 109 

MAENACAN, St., patron of Athleague, on 

the river Suck, 83 

Magh Bealaigh, 132 

, castle erected at, . .140 

MaghBrengair. See UiMaineBrengair. 
Magh Eamhna, now Mowney, in the 

county of Tipperary, 145 

Magheremanagh, townland, . . . .164 

Magh Finn, 15, 102, 130 

, O'Kellys of, took the sur- 
name of Mac Keogh, . . . . 166, 167 
, now called Keogh's coun- 
try, 75,77 

-, Nichol Mor Mac Keogh, 

lord of, 166 

Magh Liach, 12 

Magh Muaidhe, where, 6 

Magh Ruscach, 44, 45, 188 

, Tadhg Finn O'Kelly of, 44, 

45, 55 

Magh Seimhni, 11 

Magh Seincheineoil, 9, 10, 11 

, extent of, ... 1 1 

, last territory pos- 
sessed by the Firbolgs in Connaught, 85 
MAINE Moa O'KELLY, chief of Hy- 
Many, 103, and note J. 

MAC KEOGH, or Keogh, pedigree of, 165,166,' 


MANNEN, Rose, 164 

MANNIN, Thomas, restored, . . . . ib. 
MANNION, Mr. Paul, of Tuam, . . .165 
MANNION, family of. See O'Mainnm. 
Manor Waterhouse, estate of, became the 


property of Dr. Samuel Madden by 

inheritance, 157 

Maoleach, now Moylough 15 

Marascalacht, meaning of the word, 86, 87 

MARCOLINI, Count, 125 

Marescalcus, meaning of the word, . . 86 

Marshals of Hy-Many, 86, 87 

Meadha, hill of, now Knockmaa, . . 64 

Meahanaghboy, townland, 88 

Meanaghbeg, 70 

Meanagh-Keogh, marsh of, .... 69 

Meelick, 145 

Meelick abbey, when founded, . . .147 
Meelick abbey, monument to Ambrose 

Madden, Esq., in, 152 

Menlagh O'Mannin, castle, where, . . 72 
Menlagh, castle and bawne of, . . .164 
MERRIMAN, Brian, his description of the 

vicinity of Loch Greine, quoted, . . 1 34 
Milltoume, seat of O'Fallone in 1585, . 19 

Moate, castle, where 3 

Moat,, or Moot, Kelly of, 126 

MOEN, son of Umor, gave name to the 

territory of Moenmagh, 130 

Moenmagh, plain of, 7, 37 

, extent of, 70 

, plundered by O' Madden, . 145 

, twelve churches erected in, 

by Conor Moenmoy O' Kelly, . . . 102 
, O'Naghten's original coun- 
try, 176 

Moin Fuinche, 145 

Main Inraideach, a bog in Hy-Many, . 74 

Molyneux MS 168 

Mong, townland, ..,,,... 69 

Mongach, battle of, 73, 160 

Monivea castle, 3 

Moote, or Moat, Kelly of, 126 

Mota, townland, 151 

Mowney. See Magh Eamhna. 


Moydowe, 20 

Moylough castle, 3 

, O'Kelly of, 123 

Moynecuilleagh, Thomas Burke of, . .119 
Moynure, seat of O'Naghten in 1585, . 19 
Moyode, situated in Moenmagh, ... 70 

Moyowre, townland, 88 

Mucklone, on the west side of the Suck, 115 
MUGHRON, son of Sochlachan, chief of 

Hy-Many, 98 

Muilenn Glaisni, 90, 91 

Muine an mheadha, now Monivea, castle, 

119, 120 
Muine Chasain, seat of Mac Ward, . 72 



MUINTER CHINAITH, ... 42, 43, 75, 76 




MUINTER CONRUI, of Hy-Many, ... 43 





MUINTER MAEILFINNAIN, . . . . 13, 130 




Cluain tuaiscirt, 90,91 

MUINTER MURCHADHAN, descent of, . . 53 


MUINTER RUADHAIN, descent of, . . . 35 




Connaught, 73, 170 

Mullaghmore castle, 3 

, situation of, . . 18 

, quarter of, . . 20, 121 



Mullach Mm; Irish deed written at, 160, 161, 

MURCHADH, son of Aedh, chief of Hy- 

Many, 98, 99 

MURCHADHAN, son of Sochlachan, chief 

of Hy-Many, 26, 27, 98 

MURCHADH O'MADDEN died at Rome, . 135 

Mur-bretha, sea laws, 65 

Mur Mic Aighi, fortress of, burned by 

O'Madden 145 

Mynlagh-Eighter, townland of, . . .163 
Mynlagh, castle of, belonging to O'Main- 

nin, ib. 

, where situated, . . 19 


NAUGHTON, Edmond Henry, Esq., of 
Thomastown Park, present head of 
the O'Neach tains, 71 

Nenagh, estate of, belonged to Sir James 
Donnellan, 171 

Newcastle, lownland, 164 


O', the Milesian Prefix, rejected by 

O 'Kelly of Screen, 114 

O', prefix, meaning of, 5, 171 

O'BEUNACHAN, family in the county of 
Sligo of Firbolgic descent, .... 85 

O'BRESLEANS, Brehons, 168 

O'CASAIN, of Hy-Many, descent of, . . 159 

O'CATHAIL, family of, 73 

O'CEINNEIDIDH, or O' Kennedy, of Hy- 
Many, 31 

O'CoFFEY, estate of, in Hy-Many in 1617, 39 

, Donnell, his estate in 1617, . 84 

O'CoNBHUiDHi, family of, 29 

O'CoNCANNON, seat of, in 1585, ... 19 
O'CoNNELLs, of Kerry, 68 


O'CONNELLS, of Clare,' when transplanted, 68 
O'CONNELL, of Hy-Many, . . 67, 68, 86, 87 

O' CONOR, of Connaught, 103 

, Charles, Esq., his pedigree of 

O' Kelly where preserved, .... 3 

, Felim, king of Connaught, 

joins Bruce in 1315, 137 

, Hugh, of the Broken Spear, . 170 

, Owen, of Belanagare, . ib. 

, Rory, son of Cathal, presump- 
tive king of Connaught, . . . 137, 138 
-, Tadhg, of the White Steed, . 170 

O' CONOR'S hounds, by whom kept in Hy- 
Many, 90, 91 

O'CoNOR DON, Alexander, .... 170 

O' CONORS encroached upon the ancient 
Hy-Many, 83 

O'CRABHADHAIN, now probably Graven, 

30, 31 

O'CuiLEiN, of Hy-Many, ib. 

O'DEORANS, Brehons, 168 

O'DOCOMHLAN family 76, 77 

O'DONELAN. See O' Donnellan, 

O'DOMHNALLAIN. See O 1 Donnellan. 

O'DoNNCHADHA, chief of Hy-Cormaic 
Moenmaighe, . . . '. . . . 76, 77 

O'DONNELL, chief of Clann Flaitheamh- 
ailin 1158, 89 

O'DONNELLAN, of Ballydonnellan, pedi- 
gree of, by Teige O'Dugan, engrafted 

on a false stem, 169-174 

of Hy-Many, true de- 

scent of, 33 

, chief of Clann Breasail, 

in Hy-Many 76 

O'DONNELLAN, genealogical line of, as 

given by Teige O'Dugan, engrafted 

on a false stem, 174 

. , Nehemias, Archbishop of 

Tuam 171 



O'DoRCHAiDHi, or O'Dorcey, of Partry, 30 
O'DoRCHAiDHi, of Hy-Many, .... 31 
O'DuBHCRRLA, a family name now un- 
known, 69 

O'DUGAN, Teige, his pedigree of O'Don- 

nellan, 169-174 

O'DUIBHGINN, descent of, .... 29, 62 

, chief of twelve Ballys, or 

townlands in Hy-Many, . . . 75, 76, 77 
O'DuNADHAiGH, tribe name of O'Mad- 

den 143 

O'DuvEGAN, of Hy-Many, descent of, . 159 
O'FAHYS, of Hy-Many, estates of the, in 
the barony of Loughrea in 1617, 36 

tradition relating to them and 

the Earl of Clanrickard, .... 37 
O'FALLONE, seat of, in 1585, .... 19 
O'FAY. See O'Fahy. 

O'FiNAiN, of Hy-Many, descent of, . 27, 29 
O'FLANNCHADHA, family of, ... 38, 39 
O'FLYNN, chief of Sil Mailruain, . . 107 
O'GABHRAIN, family of, .... 76, 77 
O'GIALLA, of Hy-Many, descent of, . . 159 
O'GEIBHENNAIGH, now Keaveny, a fa- 
mily name in Hy-Many 62, 63 

O'GLEDRA, family of, 39 

O'HANLY'S country, northern limit of, . 134 


O'HEYNE 103 

O'HoRAN, estate of, in 1617, ... 87, 88 

, Rory, his estate in 1617, . . 88 

O'H-UROIN, now Horan, 87 

OILELL, chief of Hy-Many, .... 31 
O'KELLY, pedigree of, as hi the Book of 

Lecan, 44-57 

, pedigree of, carried down to 

the present day, . . . Note A, 97-129 
, published pedigrees of, defec- 
tive by two generations, 100 


O'KELLY, of Athleague, his pedigree, 108-111 
, said to be repre- 
sented by Kelly, of Cargins, . . .111 

, of Aughrim, pedigree of, 123-125 

, of Beallagh, descent of, . .113 

, of Belagallda, descent of, . . 103 

pedigree of, 

-, of Callow, descent of, 
, Count, of Montanban, in the 


South of France, pedigree of, . . .117 

, of Gallagh, pedigree of, 122, 123 

, of Liscor, descent of, . . .111 

, of Lecan, descent of, . . . ib. 

, of Lisdalon, pedigree of, . .112 

, Hugh, of Lisdalon, the last 

chief of Hy-Many, 20 

, of Moylough, descent of, . .123 

, of Mullaghmore, pedigree of, 


, of Pobal Caoch, descent of, . 125 

, of Screen, descent of, . . . 108 

, pedigree of, 113-117 

, Captain Colla, of Screen, 

grants to, 115 

, of Ticooly, pedigree of, 122, 123 

, armorial bearings 

of, 129 

, of Turrock, descent of, . .111 

, where inaugurated, ... 79 

, Murtogh, Archbishop of 

Tuam, 128 

, senior branch of the family 

of, 108 

, of Hy-Many, amount of his 

chief rent in 1585, 20 

, armorial bearings of, . . .129 

O' KEN NY, family of, . . . .39,42,43 
O'LACHTNAIN, family of, now anglicised 

Loftus, 29 

O'LAEGHACHAIN. See O'Laeghog. 



O'LAIDHIN, . 29 

O'LAODHOG, family of, ..... 74, 75 
O'LAYN, of Hy-Many, of Firbolgic de- 
scent according to O'Flaherty, . . 29, 85 
O'LENNAN, of Hy-Many, descent of, . 152 
Ollamh, meaning of the word, . . 63, 64 

O'LOMAIN, of Gaela, 34 

, tribe or family of, . . . 88, 89 

, pedigree of, . 35 

. , of Finnabhair, 35 

O'LoNGARGAiN, of Baile na Banabai, 

harpers of Hy-Many, 92,93 

O'LoRCAiN, now Lorcan or Larkin, . . 41 


O'LYNE, possessions of the family of, in 
1617, 28 

O'MADDEN, of Siol-Anmchadha, . . 42, 43 

, pedigree of, as in the Book 

of Lecan, 57 

, carried down 

to the present day, .... 128-153 

-, discrepancies of MS. pedi- 

grees of, 130, 131, 132 

, armorial bearings of, 152, 153 

, Donell, captain of his na- 
tion, settlement of his property, . . 151 

, made captain of his 

nation by Queen Elizabeth, . . . 148 

. , reply of his people 

to the Lord Deputy in 1595, . . . 149 

-, Eoghan, chief of Siol- Anm- 

chadha, who died 1347, curious tract 
on, ........... 133, &c. 

, his personal appear- 
ance, . .133 

, seized on portions 

of Meath and Ormond, 140 

, character of, 140, 141 

-, induces the Eng- 

lish Barons to acknowledge his nobility 


and that of his people, 142 

O' MADDEN, Eoghan, Rose, daughter of, 

married to Aedh, son of Donnchadh 

Muimhnech O'Kelly, 49 

O'Madden's country, not considered a 

part of Hy-Many in modern times, . 18 
O' MADDENS, chiefs of Hy-Many, of 

the, 130 

, present head of the, . . 70 

O'MAIGIN, of Hy-Many, descent of, . . 159 
O'MAILFINNAIN, family of, ..... 85 
O'MAINNIN, now Mannion, ancient chief 

of Sodhan, 72, 73, 105 

, pedigree of, ... 159-163 

. , called King of Soghan, . 73 

, his castle, where, ... 19 

O'MAINNINS, list of their townlands in 

1617,. . 164 

, some of the family restored 

under the Act of Settlement, . . . 164 
, curious compact between 

the, 160, 161, 162 

, their estates in 1586, . .163 

O'MAEILALAIDH, or O'Mullally, pedigree 


O'MAOILBRIGHDE, chief of Bredach, . 77 
O'MAOILRUANAIDH, family of, . . . . 73 
O'MoLOYE, Teige, assists the Lord De- 
puty against O'Madden, in 1595, . . 149 

O'MUDHROIN, family of, 73 

O'MuLcoNRY, now Conry, 110 

O'MuLcoNRYs, of Cloonahee, .... 44 
O'MULLALLY, or Lally, original locality 

of, 71 

removed to Tolendal, . ib. 

O'MULLALLY, pedigree, . . . 117-183 

, his daughter married to 

Maeleachlainn, son of Donnchadh 

Muimhnech O'Kelly, 49 

, modern pedigree of, 177-183 



O'NAGHTEN, descent of, 33 

, senior of the race of Maine 

Mor, 176 

, seat of, in 1585, .... 19 

, head of the name in the 

reign of Elizabeth, 71 

-, present head of the name, ib. 

O'NEACHTAIN, sometimes anglicised Nor- 


, where seated originally, 


O'NECHTAIN. See O'Naghten and 

, pedigree of, . . . 176, 177 

, incorrectness of, 176 

-, tomb of, in the church of 

Drum, ib. 

, Baron, 177 

Oran, 145 

. See Uaran. 

Oran castle, Blake of, 173 

O'RODY, Teige, comharba of Fenagh 

in the county of Leitrim, .... 78 
O'SccRRY, of Hy-Many, descent of, . 159 
O'SHAUGHNESSEY, Sir Dermot, . . . 122 
O'SiDHACHAiN, now Sheehan, ... 30 
O'SIDHEACHAINS, or Sheehans, of Hy- 
Many, 92, 93 

O'SULLIVAN BEARE, Donell, .... 151 

O' TRACY, family of, 42, 43 

O'TREASAIGH, family of, ib. 

O'TREASY, or OTracy, descent of, . . 132 
Otters of Hy-Many, keepers of, . . 92, 93 
O'ULLSCAIDH, family of, now unknown, 29 
Owenagh, seat of Mac Keogh, ... 19 


Park, Mac Egan of, 169 

Parliament of 1585, 121,149 


Plebeian families of ancient Ireland, . 85 

Pobal Caoch, O'Kelly of, 125 

Poets of Ireland entertained by O'Kelly, 104 

Porta Fidigi, 84, 85 

Port Klyely, 69 

Portrait of Captain Denis.Kelly, . .116 
Portumna granted to the Franciscans by 

O'Madden, 147 

, Morogh Oge O'Madden of, . ib. 

Premiums first established in Dublin, 157, 158 


Rachtus, meaning of the word, ... 89 

Rahara, 106 

Ranamary, townland, 181 

Rundown, abbey of, 109 

Rath-cattin, 15 

Rath Faradh, battle of, 98 

Rathnemanrie, townland, 178 

Rechtaire, meaning of the word, ... 89 
Redwood, anciently Coillte ruadha, . .168 
Rents of Hy-Many, by whom collected, 90, 9 1 
Righ, meaning of the word, .... 64 
Rings, keepers of, in Hy-Many, . . 88, 89 
Rinn Cleathchair, one of the boundaries 

of Hy-Many, 5 

Rinn duin, one of the boundaries of Hy- 
Many, ib. 

Rinn na h-Eighnidhe, . . . .75, 76, 77 

Roscommon, 103, 105 

Roscommon, castle of, 138 

Rossdonnellan 171 

Rosse, townland, 164 

Rout, or Ruta, in the county of Antrim, 103 

Hy-Many, 126 

Ruan, townlands of, 15 

RUSSELL, Sir William, extract from his 
Journal, 149, 150, 151 



. 138 

Ruta, territory of, where, 
Ryndoyne, now Randown, 


Sadinn, Dunadhach of, 131 

ST. RUTH, French General, where in- 
terred, 78 

Saxons considered noble, though unedu- 
cated and without property, . . . 142 
Screball, meaning of the word, ... 80 
Screen, 0' Kelly of, now represented by 

Kelly, of Castle Kelly, 18 

castle. See Skryne. 

, O'Kelly of, his descent, . . .108 

. , his pedigree, 113-117 

Scriptulum, a Roman weight 80 

Seefin. See Suidhe Finn. 
Seisidh beag, in Mcenmoy, .... 12 
Sgreaball. See Screball. 
Sgreaball Caethrach, meaning of, . . 81 
SHANE NE MOYE O'KELLY, descent of, . 127 
Shannon river, one of the boundaries of 
the ancient Hy-Many, . . . . 6, 145 

, O'Madden styled hawk of, . 133 

Shanvally, townland, 164 

Shrahillagh, townland, . . . . 163, 164 
Sidh Neannta, now Fairymount, one of 
the boundaries of the ancient Hy- 
Many, 6 



SIL MAELANFAIDH, pedigree of, . . . 35 
SIL MAILRUAIN, O'Flynn, chief of, . . 107 
SIOL MUIREADHAIGH, who, . . 73, 92, 93 
Siol Muireadhaigh, the twelve chieftains 

and twelve coworbs of, 138 

Siol Muireadhaigh, towns of, . . . . ib. 
Siol-Anmchadha, pedigree of the people 
of, 39,40 

Siol-Anmchadha, extent of, 
, list of chiefs of, 

-, families of, 

. . 69 
. 16, 17 
. 39-44 

-, pedigree of O'Madden, 

chief of, 142-151 

Skryne castle, 3 

-, now Screen, 115 



Slaves, foreign, given by the King of 

Connaught to the prince of Hy-Many, 92, 93 
Sliabh Baghna na d-Tuath, . . .90,91 
Sliabh Echtghe. See SHeve Aughty. 
Sliabh Formaili, now Sliabh Ui Fhloinn, 83 
Sliabh Fuirri, now Slievemurry, . . . 145 
Sliabh Ui Fhloinn, ancient name of, 
Slieve Aughty, or Echtghe, .... 
Slieve Baughta, a corrupt anglicised 

form of Sliabh Echtghe, .... 
Slievemurry, ancient name of, . 

Sligeagh, now Sligo, 138 

Snamh da en, one of the boundaries of 

Hy-Many, 5 

SOCHLACHAN, son of Diarmaid, chief of 

Hy-Many, 27, 98 

Sodhan, six tribes or families of, . . .159 

, O'Mainnin, chief of, .... 160 

, list of to wnlands situated in, . 164 

Sodan Salbhuidhe, 130 

Sodania, a cantred in Hy-Many, ... 72 

SOGHAN, race of, 87 

. See Sodhan and Sodania. 

SOGHANS, the six, in Hy-Many, ... 72 

, battle props of Hy-Many, . 89 

SOGHANS, 90, 91 

Sraigh-Kiaran, 15 

Standards, ten, given by the King of 

Connaught to the prince of Hy-Many, 92, 93 
Stewards to the chief of Hy-Many, . . 89 

21 I 


Stewardship of Hy-Many 90, 91 

Stud of Hy-Many, by whom kept and 

fed, 92, 93 

Suca, river, now the Suck, . . .10, 145 
, source and 

course of, 84 

, ferry over, 115 

Suidhe Finn, now Seefin, one of the 

boundaries of Hy-Many 5 

SYDNEY, Sir Henry, Lord Deputy, 148, 149 


TADHG O'KELLY, chief of Hy-Many, . 127 

of Hy-Many, slain at Clontarf, . . 99 
TADHG DUBH O'KELLY, of Gallagh, chief 

of Hy-Many, 120 

TADHG MOR O'KELLY, of the battle of 

Athenry, descendants of, 45, 47, 107, 138 
TADHG OG O'KELLY, chief of Hy-Many 

for three days, 127 

TADHG, son of Donnchadh O' Kelly, lord 

of Hy-Many, 118,119 

TADHG CAOCH, son of William O'Kelly, 

chief of Hy-Many, 110 

TADHG, son of Maeleachlainn O'Kelly, 

chief of Hy-Many, 109 


chief of Hy-Many, 102 

Taghmaconnell, parish, entire of, com- 
prised in Keogh's country, . . . . ib. 

Taisigheacht allaidh, 87 

Taisigheacht Eallaigh, meaning of, . . 88 
Taisigheacht scuir, meaning of, . 87, 90, 91 
Tanistship of Hy-Many, competitors for, 

in 1585, 18 

Teach Eoyn, now St. John's, . . . .138 

Teffia 99 

Temnynane, townland 178 


Termon belafeadha, townland, ... 98 
Ticooly, O'Kelly of, represents O'Kelly 

of Gallagh 18 

, pedigree of O'Kelly of, . 122, 123 

Tir Maine. See Hy-Many. 

Tir Mic Trena, one of the boundaries of 

the ancient Hy-Many, 6 

Tiscoffey, 157 

Toberbride, town of, where 138 

Tomcatry, in the barony of Clanmac- 

nowen, O'Coffey's estate, in 1617, 39, 40 

See Tuaim Cathraighi. 

Tonlegee, townland, - . 164 

Townlands in Hy-Many granted to the 

Abbey of Clonmacnoise, . . . . 80, 81 
Treasure found in the earth, .... 65 

washed ashore by the sea, . . 65 

Treasures of Hy-Many, where kept, 92, 93 

Tristen, Kelly of, 128 

Trumpeters of Hy-Many, who, . . 92, 93 

Tuaim Carrighe, . 15 

Tuaim Cathraighi, where situated, . . 84 
Tuaim Greiny, in Hy-Many anciently, 

though now in the county of Clare, . 15 

Tuaim Sruthra, 15 

, seat of a branch of the 

O'Kellys, 165 

Tuaimtagher, townland, 98 

Tuarn, Archbishop of, . . . . 128, 171 

Tuath Cleirigh, Kelly of, 126 

Tullagh, townland, 88 

Tulach na Dala, O'Lally of, .... 177 

Tumkeyne, townland, 69 

Turlaghvohan, battle of, 170 

Turrock, or Turrick, O'Kelly of, . .111 


UA AEDHA, 42, 43 

UA AITHUSA, family of, .... 40, 41 



UA BIMNEIN, family of, ib. 

UA BRENAINN, family of, ib. 

UA CAIRTEN, . . ... . . .42,43 

UA CANAIN, family of, ib. 

UA CHURRAIN, family of, .... 38, 39 

UA CINAEITH, family of, 39 

UA CONNASHTAIN, family of, . . . 42, 43 

UA COSCRAIDH, family of, ib. 



UA DAI GIN, family of, 41 

UA DOMHNAILL, of Hy-Many, pedigree of, 31 
UA DRAIGHNEN, family of, . . . . 38, 39 

UA DUBHLAIGH, family of, 41 

UA FINNACHTAIGH, family of, . . . 42, 43 
UA FLANNCHADHA, family of, . . . . ib. 


UA MAENAIGH, family of, ib. 

UA MAELDUIBH, family of, ib. 

UA NADSLUAIGH, pedigree of, . . . . 27 

Uaran, now Oran, 7 

UA TOLAIRG, family of, 40, 41 

Ui AINCHINNE, family of, ib. 


Ui CORMAIC. See Hy-Cormaic. 
Ui DONNGHALAIGH, family of, . . 40, 41 
Ui DUACH. See Hy-Duach. 


Ui GADHRA, a tribe name of the O'Mad- 

dens, 42, 43 

Ui Maine. See Hy-Many. 

Ui Maine Brengair, 25 

Ulster, Red Earl of, curious notice of, 137, 138 
Umnaigh, one of the boundaries of the 

ancient Hy-Many, 6 


Walshestown. See Ballybranagh. 
WILLIAM BOY O'KELLY, chief of Hy- 

Many celebrated for his hospitality, 103, 

WILLIAM, son of Aedh, son of Brian 

O'Kelly, chief of Hy-Many, . . .110 
Wine of Hy-Many, by whom carried 

from the harbours of Connaught, . 90, 91 





AT a General Meeting of the IEISH ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY, held 
in the Board Room of the Royal Irish Academy, on Tuesday, the 
27th day of June, 1843, 


the Secretary read the following REPOET from the Council : 

" The hope expressed in the last Report of tlie Council, that this Society 
would be more extensively supported by the nobility and gentry of Ireland, in 
proportion as its objects were made better known, has been partially, but not 
fully, realized. 

" Ninety -three new Members have been added to the Society during the past 

" This increase is due partly to the circulars issued by the Council, inviting 
such persons as they thought likely to take an interest in our design, to join the 
Society : but it is more especially the result of the liberal offer made by a 
nobleman, to whom the Society, from its first formation, is deeply indebted for 
the warm interest lie has at all times taken in its welfare. 

" In October last Viscount Adare proposed to the Council, that he would be- 
come responsible for five subscriptions, or procure trie same number of additional 
Members, provided fifty Members could be induced to engage each to procure one 
additional Member before the ist of July next, on the same conditions: and if 
one hundred Members were found to make this engagement, Lord Adare un- 
dertook to become responsible for ten. 

b "In 

" In consequence of this liberal offer, the Council sent a circular to the Mem- 
bers, to inform them of it, and to ascertain whether fifty Members could be 
found willing to follow such an example. The result has been, that thirty-nine 
Members only undertook to make themselves responsible for an additional 
Member, of whom twenty-seven have already fulfilled their engagement, and 
some have done much more. 

" On the whole, however, forty new Members have already been added to 
the Society by the exertions of those who have responded to this call, exclusive 
of nine new Members procured by Lord Adare, who has thus fulfilled nearly 
double his original engagement, although the proposed conditions have not been 
fully complied with by the Society. 

" The Council have next to announce, that, through the kind offices of the 
Marquis of Ormonde, His Royal Highness the Prince Albert has become a Life 
Member of the Society, and has been graciously pleased to accept the office of 

" The following list contains the names of all who have been elected Mem- 
bers of the Society since our last annual meeting : 

His Royal Highness the Prince Albert. 
His Excellency Earl De Grey, Lord Lieute- 
nant of Ireland. 
The Marquis of Lansdowne. 
The Marquis of Waterford. 
The Earl of Clancarty. 
The Viscount Courteney, M. P. 
The Viscount Jocelyn, M. P. 
The Viscount O'Neill. 
Lord Monteagle. 

The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor of Dublin. 
Sir Wm. Hamilton, Observatory, Dunsink. 
Miss M. J. Alexander, Dublin. 
George Atkinson, Esq., Lower Bridge-street, 

Right Hon. Anthony Richard Blake, Chief 

Remembrancer, Dublin. 
Walter M. Bond, Esq., The Argory, Moy. 
Robert Borrowes, Esq., Merrion-sq., Dublin. 

John Burrowes, Esq., Herbert-street, Dublin. 

William Brooke, Esq., Q. C., Leeson- street, 

Rev. William Bruce (for the Belfast Li- 

James Bryan, Esq., Eccles-street, Dublin. 

Chevalier Bunsen, London. 

Rev. Richard P. Cleary, Enniskillen. 

Adolphus Cooke, Esq., Cooksborough, Mul- 

Philip Davies Cooke, Esq., Ouston, Doncas- 

Rev. Peter Cooper, Marlborough-st., Dublin. 

Rev. George Edw. Cotter, Glenview, Mid- 

Rev. Charles Crosthwaite, Monastereven. 

Quentin Dick, Esq., M. P., London. 

Thomas Dobbin, Esq., Armagh. 

Joseph Dobbs, Esq., Dublin. 


William Vallancey Drury, Esq., Bruntsfield- 
place, Edinburgh. 

J. Walter K. Eyton, Esq., Elgin Villa, Lea- 

Rev. Henry Fitzgerald, Castledowndelvin. 

Rev. Smyth W. Fox, Richview, Rathmines. 

Rev. Robert Gage, Rathlin Island, Bally- 

B. Geraghty, Esq., Anglesea-street, Dublin. 

Rev. William Stephen Gilly, D. D., Norham 
Vicarage, Berwick-on- Tweed. 

Rev. Thomas Goff, Carriglea. 

Thomas Goold, Esq., Master in Chancery, 

Rev. Charles Graves, A.M., Fellow of Tri- 
nity College, Dublin. 

Rev. Dr. Greham, Enniskillen. 

Richard Griffith, Esq., Fitzwilliam-square, 

George Alexander Hamilton, Esq., M. P. 

Leonard S. Hartley, Esq., Middleton Lodge, 
Richmond, Yorkshire. 

Rev. Daniel Hearne, St. Patrick's, Manches- 

A. J. B. Hope, Esq., Bedgebury Park, Lam- 

The Very Rev. Edward Gustavus Hudson, 
Dean of Armagh. 

Mrs. Margaret Jones, Kilwaughter Castle, 
County Antrim. 

W. B. Jones, Esq., Athenaeum, London. 

Charles Lever, Esq., Templeogue. 

Rev. John Lingard, D. D., Hornby, Lancas- 

Owen Lloyd, Esq., Lisnanoran, Drumsna. 

Andrew H. Lynch, Esq., Queen's-square, 
Bloomsbury, London. 

Charles P. Mac Donnell, Esq., Bonabrougha 
House, Wicklow. 

Edmund Mac Donnell, Esq., Glenarm Castle, 
County Antrim. 

b 2 

John Mac Donnell, Esq., Swiftbrook, Sag- 

Rev. R. Mac Donnell, D. D., Senior Fellow 
of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Most Rev. John Mac Hale, Tuam. 

John Mahon, Esq., Jun., London. 

Rev. C. M'Crossan, Derry. 

Very Rev. Dean Meyler, V. G., Dublin. 

J. M'Laughlin, Esq., Brookfield, Miltown. 

Hon. General Meade, Bryanstown-square, 

Daniel Molloy, Esq., York-street, Dublin. 

Richard Monck, Esq., Banagher. 

Rev. Philip Moore, Rosbercon. 

Sinclaire Kilbourne Mulholland, Esq., Belfast. 

Joseph W. Murphy, Esq., Belfast. 

Cornelius O'Brien, Esq., M. P., Ennistimon. 

The O' Conor Don, M. P. 

John O'Donoghue, Esq., Poor Law Commis- 
sioner, Kilkenny. 

William Ogilby, Esq., London. 

George Panton, Esq., Heriot's Hospital, Edin- 

Rev. Charles Porter, Ballibay. 

Colonel Henry Edward Porter. 

E. Wm. Robertson, Esq., Breadsall Priory. 

Evelyn John Shirley, Esq., M. P., Carrickma- 

Rev. Robert C. Singleton, A. M. 

W. F. Skene, Esq., Edinburgh. 

James Stephens, Esq., Grafton-street, Dublin. 

Colonel William Stewart, Killymoon Castle. 

Walter Sweetman, Esq. (for the St. Stephen's- 
green Club). 

B. M. Tabuteau, Esq., Fitzwilliam-place, 

Richard Thompson, Esq. (for the London 

Institution, Finsbury-square). 
Rev. M. A. Tierney, Arundel. 
G. Trundle, Esq. (for the Irish Office, Lon- 


Rev. Wm. Whewell, B. D., Vice- Chancellor 
of the University of Cambridge. 

Rev Whitely (for " The Portico," Man- 

The Yen. Archdeacon Williams, Academy, 

Richard Williams, Esq., Jun., Drumcondra 


Wm. Williams, Esq., Aberpergwm, Neath. 
John Windele, Esq., Sundays Well, Cork. 
John Wynne, Esq., Hazlewood, Sligo. 


" The Council have to record the loss, by death, of five of the original 
Members of the Society : 

The Right Hon. and Right Rev. Stephen Creaghe Sandes, D. D., Lord 
Bishop of Cashel, Emly, Waterford, and Lismore. 

The Right Hon. Lord Fitzgerald and Vesci. 

The Right Hon. Lord Vivian. 

Maxwell Blacker, Esq., Q. C. 

John Hely Hutchinson, Esq. 

" The entire annual income of the Society, arising from the entrance fees and 
annual subscriptions of the Members, including the interest of 400 new 3^ per 
cent, stock, cannot be calculated as exceeding 400 a year ; and the Council 
have therefore been under the necessity of making an alteration in the arrange- 
ment of the books originally proposed for the years 1841 and 1842, an ar- 
rangemen+ which, as was stated in the last Report, very far exceeded the actual 
means of tlx Society ; and which was at first adopted in the hope that a number 
of Members would have been obtained sufficient to justify the outlay that it 
involved. As this, however, has not been the case, the Council have found them- 
selves compelled to make the change which has already been announced in the 
list of publications, printed at the end of the volume recently issued. 

" To expedite the delivery of the books to the English Members of the So- 
ciety, the Council have appointed Mr. T. Clerc Smith, 13, Henrietta-street, 
Covent Garden, to be the Society's agent in London ; and Mr. Thomas J. Ste- 
venson, 87, Prince's-street, Edinburgh, to be their agent for Scotland ; and they 
have made arrangements, suggested by experience, which it is hoped will in a 
little time very much facilitate the collection of the Society's income, and insure 
regularity in the transmission of the publications to country Members. 

" They have likewise made a permanent agreement, very advantageous to 
the Society, with Mr. O'Donovan and Mr. Curry, for transcribing and editing 
such works in the Irish language as may be proposed for publication ; and they 


are happy to be able to say, that several works, which it is hoped will prove to 
be of great interest to the lovers of Irish history and antiquities, are in prepa- 

" The account of the Tribes and District of Hy-Many, edited, with copious 
notes, by Mr. O'Donovan, is nearly ready, and will be issued in a few days. 
The notes contain a great body of genealogical and topographical information, 
highly creditable to the Editor's learning ; and although to the general reader 
the tract itself may not perhaps seem much more than a dry list of names and 
places, yet they who are really in search of the true materials of history will ap- 
preciate it as an invaluable relic of our ancient literature. 

" The Book of Obits and Martyrology of Christ Church Cathedral, edited 
by Mr. Crosthwaite, is completed, so far as the text of the work itself is con- 
cerned : it only now waits for the Editor's preface and notes, which his nume- 
rous other engagements have prevented him hitherto from completing. 

" The Registry of the Monastery of All-Hallows, which occupied the site 
where Trinity College now stands, is in the Press. This work was at first un- 
dertaken by the Secretary, but finding his time so much occupied in the neces- 
sary superintendance of your other publications, and by his professional engage- 
ments, he prevailed upon Mr. Butler to become its Editor. The Society are 
indebted for permission to print this work to the Provost and Senior Fellows of 
Trinity College, who, with their usual liberality, have lent from the University 
Library the original MS., which is now in the course of being collated with the 
printed sheets, under the superintendance of Dr. Aquilla Smith. The thanks 
of the Society are also due to the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor and the Corpo- 
ration of Dublin, who have kindly given Mr. Butler and Dr. Smith access to 
their valuable collection of ancient deeds and charters ; which contains the 
originals of several of those that occur in the Registry, and some others relating 
to the Monastery, which are not inserted in the Registry, and which will be 
printed in the Appendix. One of these will be engraved in fac simile for the 
work, having been lent to the Council by the Corporation for the purpose. 

" The Account of the Tribes and Customs of the District of Hy-Fiachrach, 
in the Counties of Sligo and Mayo, edited by Mr. O'Donovan, is in the Press ; 
and will prove a valuable addition to the sources of Irish history. It is an im- 
portant sequel to the tract on Hy-Many, and with it will contain an account o 
all the great Irish families of a large portion of the province of Connaught + 



together with illustrations of many curious customs, laws, and manners of the 
native Irish clans, previous to the English conquest. 

" The Council have also put to press the first volume of a Miscellany, to 
contain such shorter pieces, deeds, letters, poems, &c., as would not admit of a 
separate publication, and are nevertheless of importance, as throwing light on 
dates, customs, or ancient opinions and manners. The Council earnestly invite 
the nobility and gentry of Ireland to contribute from their family records to this 
publication. There are few noblemen or gentlemen who do not possess some 
letter, deed, or document illustrative of the history of this country or of their 
own illustrious ancestors. The contribution of such papers to the Miscellany 
of the IRISH ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY will be received by the Council with 
grateful acknowledgments. 

" The other publications advertised as in progress, are almost all ready for 
the Press as soon as the funds of the Society will permit their being undertaken. 
Sir William Petty's Narrative of his Proceedings in the Survey of Ireland, will 
probably be the next of these works ordered for publication, and will doubtless 
prove highly interesting to our Members, as well from the importance of the MS. 
itself, as from the peculiar qualifications of the Editor who has undertaken to 
illustrate it. 

" The Council have also to congratulate the Society, that through the libe- 
rality of Professor Mac Cullagh, the MS. of the original Latin of Colonel 
O'Kelly's curious tract entitled, 'Macariae Excidium, or the Destruction of 
Cyprus,' has been placed at their disposal ; and that Denis Henry Kelly, Esq., 
of Castle Kelly, has consented to prepare a translation, to which notes are to be 
appended by Mr. O'Callaghan. 

" The Members are already aware that an English version of this tract, and 
as it now appears a very imperfect version, from a MS. in the Library of Trinity 
College, was one of the first publications undertaken by this Society ; but after two 
or three sheets of it had been printed, it was discovered that the same work, from 
a MS. preserved in England, had been advertised, and was about to be published 
by the Camden Society of London. The Council therefore suspended the work, 
and when they found that the tract published by the Camden Society, under the 
editorial care of Mr. T. Crofton Croker, was almost identically the same as that 
which they had proposed to print, they abandoned altogether the idea of its 
publication. Subsequently, however, Mr. O'Callaghan discovered that the 


original Latin existed in this country in the hands of a private individual, 
from whom it has since been purchased : and it is now found, upon collating 
this MS. with Mr. Croker's printed copy, that many pages of the Latin have 
been omitted in the English version, and that therefore the publication of the 
work, in its original and more authentic form, may now be undertaken, without 
the appearance of interfering with any other Society. 

" Cormac's Glossary is still in Mr. O'Donovan's hands : and the Council 
have resolved upon deferring still further its publication, in the hope that Mr. 
O'Donovan, who will have occasion to visit London next winter, may be able 
to obtain material assistance in preparing it for the Press from the MSS. of the 
British Museum. They hope also that Mr. O'Donovan, during his stay in Eng- 
land, may have leisure to visit the Bodleian Library, and, if permission can 
be obtained, the valuable libraries of some private collectors ; that thus he may 
be enabled to form some opinion of the contents of those repositories, as far as 
Irish MSS. are concerned. It is not improbable that several of our ancient re- 
cords, whose existence is not now known, although they are spoken of as having 
been extant in the last century, may be discovered either in private hands, or 
in the public libraries in England, where Irish MSS. are preserved. 

" At all events it is of great importance, before the more difficult and labo- 
rious work of editing our ancient Brehon Laws, Annals, &c., is undertaken by 
the Society, to ascertain what MSS. of them are in existence in England, as 
well as what Glossaries or other helps towards the elucidation of them are ac- 
cessible : and it is to be hoped that in proportion as the objects and character of 
this Society become known, and its publications are seen and read, the possessors 
of these ancient records of our country may be the more induced to afford such 
facilities as they can for the examination of their libraries, and for the collation 
and comparison of their MSS. Without this, the Society will be compelled to 
publish from such MSS. only as are accessible to them in Dublin : a disadvan- 
tage which the Council have hitherto endeavoured as much as possible to avoid, 
by postponing the more difficult and important works which lie before them, 
until a better knowledge can be obtained of the contents of the Irish MSS. pre- 
served in England and on the Continent of Europe, and until the Society and 
its objects shall become so far known, that access to such collections may more 
readily be conceded." 



The Report having been read, the following Resolutions were 
adopted unanimously : 

" i . That the Report read be received and printed, and that the thanks of 
the Society be given to the Council for their services." 

" 2. That the thanks of the Society be given to Viscount Adare, for the 
warm interest he has always taken in the welfare of the Society, and especially 
for the late successful proposal made by him for the increase of the number of 
our Members." 

" 3. That Dr. A. Smith and Mr. Hardiman be appointed Auditors of the 
Society for the ensuing year, and that their statement of the accounts of the 
Society be printed with the Report." 

" 4. That the thanks of the Society be given to the President and Council of 
the Royal Irish Academy for their kindness in granting the use of their room 
for this Meeting." 

His Grace the DUKE OF LEINSTER was then elected President of 
the Society for the ensuing year ; and the following Noblemen and 
Gentlemen were elected as the Council : 






REV. J. H. TODD, D.D., V.P.R.I.A. 


The Rev. the PROVOST of Trinity College having been requested 
to take the Chair, it was moved by the Right Hon. the CHIEF REMEM- 
BRANCER, seconded by CAPTAIN LARCOM, and resolved unanimously, 

" That the thanks of the Society be given to the Most Noble the MARQUIS 
OF KILDARE for his conduct in the Chair at this Meeting, and for the countenance 
and support he has given to the proceedings of this Society." 

And then the Society adjourned. 








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patron : 



Council : 


M. R. I. A. 









Jos. H. SMITH, ESQ., A. M., M. R. I. A. 

REV. J. H. TODD, D.D., V.P.R.I.A., Se- 

of tfje Sbocietg. 

\Life Members are marked thus *.] 

* His Royal Highness THE PRINCE ALBERT. 

* His Excellency EARL DE GREY, LORD LIEU- 



* His Grace the DUKE of BUCKINGHAM. 

* His Grace the DUKE OF LEINSTER. 













The EARL of FIFE. 



The EARL of LEITRIM, M. R. I. A. 


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The EARL of Powis. 

The EARL of ROSSE, M. R. I. A. 


















LORD ROSSMORE, M. R. I. A., Dell, Windsor. 










The Rt. Hon. the LORD BISHOP of KILDARE. 

Abraham Abell, Esq., M. R. I. A., Cork. 

Miss M. J. Alexander, Dublin. 

William Antisell, Esq., Abbey-street, Dub- 

JohnH. Armstrong, Esq., A. B., Fitzwilliam- 
square, Dublin. 

George Atkinson, Esq., A. M., M. B., 26, 
Lower Bridge-street, Dublin. 

Rev. James Kennedy Bailie, D.D., M.R.I. A., 
Ardtrea House, Stewartstown. 

Matthew Barrington, Esq., M. R. I. A., St. 

Hugh Barton, jun., Esq., Regent-street, 

* Robert Bateson, Esq., M. P., Belvoir Park, 

Miss Beaufort, Hatch-street, Dublin. 

Sir Michael Dillon Bellew, Bart., Mount 
Dillon, Galway. 

Colonel R. H. Birch, Leeson-st., Dublin. 

John Blachford, Esq., 36, Moorgate-street, 

The Right Hon. Anthony Richard Blake, 
Merrion-square, Dublin. 

Loftus H. Bland, Esq., Pembroke-st. , Dublin. 
Bindon Blood, Esq., M. R. I. A., F. R. S. E., 

Walter W. Bond, Esq., The Argory, Moy. 

* Beriah Botfield, Esq., M. P., M.R.I. A., 


Right Hon. Maziere Brady, Lord Chief Baron 

of the Exchequer, M. R. I. A. 
Wm. Brooke, Esq., Q. C., Leeson-st., Dublin. 
Haliday Bruce, Esq., M. R. I. A., Dublin. 
John Bruce, Esq., F. S. A., London. 
Rev. William Bruce, for the Belfast Library. 

Rev. Doctor Brunton, for University Library, 

James Bryan, Esq., Eccles-st., Dublin. 
Samuel Bryson, Esq., Belfast. 
Chevalier Bunson, London. 

John Ynyr Burges, Esq., Parkanaur, Dun- 

John Burrowes, Esq., Herbert-st., Dublin. 


Robert Burrowes, Esq., Merrion-sq., Dublin. 

Rev. Samuel Butcher, A. M., M. R. I. A., 
Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Rev. Richard Butler, A.B., M.R.I. A., Trim. 

Robert Callwell, Esq., M.R.I. A., Herbert- 
place, Dublin. 

Edward Cane, Esq., M.R.I. A., Dawson-st., 

George Carr, Esq., M.R.I.A., Mountjoy-sq., 

* Rev. Joseph Carson, A.M., M.R.I. A., Fel- 
low of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Rev. William Carus, A. M., Fellow of Tri- 
nity College, Cambridge. 

Thomas Gather, Esq., 20, Blessington-street, 

Sir Montague L. Chapman, Bart., Killua 
Castle, Athboy. 

Edward Wilmot Chetvrode, Esq.. M.R.I. A., 
Woodbrook, Portarlington. 

Rev. Richard P. Cleary, A.M., Enniskillen. 
Rev. Wm. Cleaver, A.M., Delgany. 

Rev. Thomas De Vere Coneys, A. M., 
Professor of Irish in the University of 

Fred. W. Conway, Esq., M.R.I. A., Rath- 
mines-road, Dublin. 

Adolphus Cooke, Esq., Cooksborough, Mul- 

J. R. Cooke, Esq., Blessington-st., Dublin. 

Philip Davies Cooke, Esq., Ouston, Don- 

The Rev. Peter Cooper, Marlborough-street, 

* Rev. G. E. Corrie, B. D., Fellow of St. 
Catherine's Hall, Cambrige. 

Very Rev. Henry Cotton, D. C. L., Dean of 

Rev. Geo. Edw. Cotter, Glenview, Middle- 

Thomas Coulter, Esq., M. D., M.R.I. A., 
Trinity College, Dublin. 

James T. Gibson Craig, Esq., Edinburgh. 

Rev. Chas. Crosthwaite, A.M., Monasterevan. 

Rev. John C. Crosthwaite, A. M., Dean's 
Vicar, Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin. 

Rev. Edward Cupples, LL. B., V. G. of 
Down and Connor, Lisburn. 

Miss J. M. Richardson Currer, Eshton Hall, 

* Eugene Curry, Esq., Dublin. 
William Curry, Jun., Esq., 'Dublin. 

* James W. Cusack, Esq., M.D., M. R. I. A., 

Kildare-st., Dublin. 
Quentin Dick, Esq., M. P., London. 
C. Wentworth Dilke, Esq., London. 

Rev. Robert V. Dickson, A. M., M. R. I. A., 

Fellow of Trinity College Dublin. 

Thomas Dobbin, Esq., Armagh. 

Joseph Dobbs, Esq., Dublin. 

W. C. Dobbs, Esq., Fitzwilliam-pl., Dublin. 

William Vallancey Drury, Esq., M. R. I, A., 
Bruntfield Place, Edinburgh. 

Major Francis P. Dunne, A. D. C., Brittas, 

Rev. Charles R. Elrington, D.D., M.R.I. A., 

Regius Professor of Divinity, Dublin. 
Robert Ewing, Esq., Greenock. 

* J. Walter K. Eyton, Esq., Elgin Villa, 


Samuel Graeme Fenton, Esq., Belfast. 

Sir Robert Ferguson, Bart., M. P., London- 

Clement Ferguson, Esq. 

Rev. Henry Fitzgerald, M. A., Castletown- 

Patrick Vincent Fitzpatrick, Esq., Eccles- 
street, Dublin. 

Thomas Fortescue, Esq., Ravensdale. 

Rev. Smyth W. Fox, Richview, Rathmines. 

W. D. Freeman, Esq., Upper Mount-street, 

Alfred Furlong, Esq., Newcastle, County 

John S. Furlong, Esq., Q. C., Leeson-street, 

Rev. Robert Gage, A. M., Rathlin Island, 


Edmund Getty, Esq., Victoria-place, Belfast. 
B. Geraghty, Esq., Anglesea-st, Dublin. 


Rev. Richard Gibbings, A.M., Myragh Glebe, 

Michael Henry Gill, Esq., Great Brunswick- 
street, Dublin. 

Rev. William Stephen Gilly, D. D., Norham 
Vicarage, Berwick-on- Tweed. 

The Knight of Glin, Limerick. 

* Rev. Thomas Goff, M. R. I. A., Carriglea. 
Thomas Goold, Esq., Master in Chancery. 
G. B. Grant, Esq., Grafton-street, Dublin. 

* Rev. Charles Graves, A. M., M. R. I. A., 

Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Robert Graves, Esq., M. D., M. R. I. A., 

Rev. James Graves, Borris-in-Ossory. 

John Gray, Esq., Greenock. 

Rev. John Graham, D. D., Enniskillen. 

Right Hon. Thomas Grenville, Cleveland- 
square, London. 

* Richard Griffith, Esq., M.R.I. A., Fitzwil- 

liam-square, Dublin. 

Rev. Charles Grogan, Harcourt-st., Dublin. 
John Gumley, Esq., LL. D., St. Stephen's- 

green, Dublin. 

James Haire, Esq., Summer-hill, Dublin. 
Sir Benjamin Hall, Bart., M. P., Portman 

Square, London. 
George Alexander Hamilton, Esq., M. P., 

Hampton Hill, Dublin. 
Sir William R. Hamilton, LL. D., President 

R. I. A., Observatory, Dunsink. 
James Hardiman, Esq., M.R.I.A., Galway. 
Andrew S. Hart, Esq., LL. D., M. R. I. A., 

Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 
Leonard S. Hartley, Esq., Middleton Lodge, 

Richmond, Yorkshire. 

Rev. Daniel Hearne, St. Patrick's, Manches- 

Hon. Algernon Herbert, Saffron Walden. 

John E. Herrick, Esq., Belmont, Crooks- 

Thomas Hewitt, Esq., Spencer's Library, 


Sir J. W. H. Homan, Bart., Cappoquin. 
* A. J. B. Hope, Esq., Lamberhurst. 

The Very Rev. Edward Gustavus Hudson, 
Dean of Armagh. 

W. E. Hudson, Esq., M. R. I. A., Upper 

Fitzwilliam-street, Dublin. 
William Hughes, Esq., M. R. I. A., Westland- 

row, Dublin. 

Thomas Hutton, Esq., M. R. I. A., Dublin. 
Sir Robert H. Inglis, Bart., M.P., London. 

* Rev. James Ingram, D. D., President of 

Trinity College, Oxford. 
David Irving, Esq., LL. D., for Advocates' 
Library, Edinburgh. 

JohnH. Jellett, Esq., A.B., M.R.I. A., Fel- 
low of Trinity College, Dublin. 

* Robert Jones, Esq., M. R. I. A., Portland, 

Dromore West. 

Mrs. Margaret Jones, Kilwaughter Castle, 
County Antrim. 

* W. B. Jones, Athenaeum, London. 

Robert Kane, Esq., M. D., M. R. I. A., Glou- 
cester-street, Dublin. 

William Kane, Esq., Gloucester-st., Dublin. 

Thomas Kane, Esq., M.D., for the Limerick 

Denis H. Kelly, Esq., M. R. I. A., Castle Kelly, 
Mount Talbot. 

Rev. Matthew Kelly, Maynooth College. 
Henry Kemmis, Esq., Q. C., Merrion-square, 

The Right Honourable the Knight of Kerry, 
M. R. I. A., Listowell. 

Rev. Henry Barry Knox, M.R.I. A., Monks- 
Eleigh, Bilderstone, Suffolk. 

George J. Knox, Esq., M.R.I.A., Maddox- 
street, London. 

David Laing, Esq., Signet Library, Edin- 

Henry Lanauze, Esq., College-green, Dublin. 

* Captain Thos. A.Larcom, R.E., M.R.I. A., 


Rev. William Lee, A.M., M. R. I. A., Fellow 
of Trinity College, Dublin. 

The Right Hon. Baron Lefroy, Leeson-st., 

Charles Lever, Esq., Templeoge. 


I ^ 

John Lindsay, Esq., Maryville, Blackrock, 

Rev. John Lingard, D. D., Hornby, Lan- 

Rev. Humphrey Lloyd, D. D., V. P. R. I. A., 
Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Owen Lloyd, Esq., Lisnavorna, Drumsna. 

Rev. Richard Low, Ahascragh, Galway. 

Joseph Lowell, Esq., London. 

Andrew H. Lynch, Esq., London. 

Very Rev. J. P. Lyons, Lyons Port, Bel- 

Rev. C. M'Crossan, Derry. 

* Jas. Mac Cullagh, Esq., LL.D., M.R.I. A., 

Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 
William Torrens M' Cullagh, Esq., M.R.I. A., 

Upper Gloucester-street, Dublin. 
Alexander M'Donnell, Esq., Dublin. 
Charles P. Mac Donnell, Esq., Wicklow. 

Edmund Mac Donnell, Esq., Glenarm Castle, 

County Antrim. 
John Mac Donnell, Esq.,Swiftbrook, Saggard. 

* Rev. Richard Mac Donnell, D.D., M.R.I. A., 

Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

George M'Dowell, Esq., A. M., M. R. I. A., 

Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 
M'Gillicuddy of the Reeks. 
James M'Glashan, Esq., Dublin. 
Most Reverend John M'Hale, D. D., Tuam. 
Rev. John M'Hugh, Baldoyle. 
John W. M'Kenzie, Esq., Edinburgh. 
J. M'Laughlin, Esq., Brookfield, Miltown. 
Sir Fred. Madden, Hon. M. R. I. A., British 


James Magee, Esq., Leeson-street, Dublin. 
Edward Magrath, Esq., for the Athenaeum 

Library, London. 
John Mahon, Jun., Esq., 1, Somer's Place, 

West, London. 
Pierce Mahony, Esq., M.R.I.A.,William-st., 

Rev. Samuel R. Maitland, F. R. S., F. A. S., 

Palace, Lambeth. 
Andrew J.Maley, Esq., Merrion-sq., Dublin. 

Henry Martley, Esq., Q. C., Harcourt-street, 

Henry J. Monck Mason, Esq., M. R. I. A., 
for Queen's Inn Library, Dublin. 

George Mathews, Esq., Spring Vale, Belfast. 
Rev. George Maxwell, Askeaton. 
Hon. General Meade, Bryanston Square, 

The Very Rev. Dean Meyler, V. G., West- 

* Andrew Milliken, Esq., Grafton-st., Dublin. 
Daniel Molloy, Esq., 49, York-st., Dublin. 
Richard Monck, Esq., Banagher. 

Rev. Charles H. Monsell, Prebendary of Do- 
noghmore, Limerick. 

William Monsell, Esq., M. R. I. A., Tervoe, 

Rev. Philip Moore, Rosbercon. 
Thomas Moore, Esq., Sloperton, Devizes. 
John Shank More, Esq., Great King-street, 

Sinclaire Kilbourne Mulholland, Esq., Bel- 
Joseph William Murphy, Esq., Belfast. 

Joseph Neeld, Esq., M.P.,Grosvenor-square, 

* Joseph Nelson, Esq., Q. C., 28, Gloucester- 

street, Dublin. 
William Nugent, Esq., Killester Abbey, Ra- 


Cornelius O'Brien, Esq., M. P., Ennistimon. 
Sir Lucius O'Brien, Bart., Dromoland. 
Augustus Stafford O'Brien, Esq., M. P., Bla- 

therwycke, Northamptonshire. 
William Smith O'Brien, Esq., M. P., Car- 

moy Hill, Limerick. 
Daniel O'Connell, Esq., M. P. 

Mat. O'Connor, Esq., M.R.I. A., Mountjoy- 
square, Dublin. 

O' Conor Don, M. P. 

John O'Donoghue, Esq., Kilkenny. 

The O'Donovan, Montpelier, Douglas, Cork. 

* John O'Donovan, Esq., Dublin. 
William Ogilby, Esq., London. 



Thomas O'Hagan, Esq., Great Charles-street, 


Major O'Hara, Annamoe, Collooney. 
Sir Colman M. O'Loghlen, Bart., Dublin. 
Rev. Mortimer O'Sullivan, D. D. Killyman. 
George Panton, Esq., Edinburgh. 
Rt. Hon. Sir R. Peel, Bart., M. P., London. 
Louis Hayes Petit, Esq., F. R. S., London. 

George Petrie, Esq., R. H. A., M. R. I. A., 
Great Charles-street, Dublin. 

* Sir Thomas Phillips, Bart., Broadway, 


John Edward Pigott, Esq., for the Irish His- 
torical Society. 

Robert Pitcairn, Esq., Queen-st., Edinburgh. 

* Rev. Charles Porter, Ballibay. 

Rev. Classon Porter, Larne, County Antrim. 

Col. Henry Edward Porter. 

William Potts, Esq., Dame-street, Dublin. 

Hon. Edward Preston, Gormanstown Castle, 

Colonel J. Dawson Rawdon, M. P., Cold- 
stream Guards, Stanhope-street, London. 

Rev. L. F. Renahan, College, Maynooth. 

Rev. T. R. Robinson, D.D., M.R.I. A., Ob- 
servatory, Armagh. 

E. William Robertson, Esq., Breadsall 
Priory, Derby. 

The Right Hon. George Roe, Lord Mayor 
of Dublin. 

Richard Rothwell, Esq., Rockfield, Kells. 

Rev. Franc Sadleir, D.D., V. P. R.I. A., Pro- 
vost of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Rev. Francis A. Sanders, A. B., Dublin. 

Rev. William Sewell, B. D., Fellow of Ex- 
eter College, Oxford. 

Right Hon. Frederick Shaw, M.P., Recorder 
of Dublin. 

Remmy H. Sheehan, Esq., Mespil House, 

Evelyn John Shirley, Esq., M. P., Carrick- 


Evelyn R. Shirley, Esq., M. P., Eatington 
Park, Shipton-on-Stour. 

Rev. J. H. Singer, D. D., V. P. R. I. A., Se- 
nior Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

W. F. Skene, Esq., Edinburgh. 

Aquilla Smith, Esq., M.D., M.R.I. A., Dub- 

* Rev. John Campbell Smith, Glasgow. 

Jos. Huband Smith, Esq., A.M., M.R.I.A., 

William Smith, Esq., Carbeth Guthrie, Stir- 

John Smith, Esq., LL. D., Secretary of the 
Maitland Club, Glasgow. 

* George Smith, Esq., Lower Baggot-street, 


John G. Smyly, Esq., Merrion-street, Dublin. 

George Lewis Smyth, Esq., Bridge-street, 

Sir Wm. Meredith Somerville, Bart., M. P. 
Rev. Thomas Stack, A.M., M.R.I. A., Fel- 
low of Trinity College, Dublin. 

James Stephens, Esq., 104, Grafton-street, 

Col. William Stewart, Killymoon Castle, 

William Stokes, Esq., M.D., M.R.I. A., Re- 
gius Professor of Physic, Dublin. 

Andrew Storie, Esq., for the Signet Library, 

Hon. Andrew Godfrey Stuart, Aughnacloy. 
Rev. Hamilton Stuarl, Rochfort, Buncrana. 

William Villiers Stuartj Esq., Dromana, 

Rev. George Studdart, A. B., Dundalk. 

Walter Sweetman, Esq., for the Stephen's- 
green Club. 

B. M. Tabiteau, Esq., Fitzwilliam-place, 

* Robert James Tennent, Esq., Belfast. 
James Thompson, Esq., Belfast. 

Richard Thompson, Esq., for the London 

Institution, Finsbury-square. 
Rev. M. A. Tierney, F. R. S., Arundell. 
Robert Tighe, Esq., M.R.I. A., Fitzwilliam- 

square, Dublin. 

* W. F. Tighe, Esq., Inistiogue. 


* Rev. J. H. Todd, D.D., V. P. R.I. A., Fel- 
low of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Rev. Rob. Traill, D.D., M.R.I.A., F.R.S.E., 

Schull, Skibbereen. 

Rev. John M. Traherne, Coedriglan, Car- 

G. Trundle, Esq., for the Irish Office, Lon- 

Travers Twiss, Esq., F.R.S., University Col- 
lege, Oxford. 

Crofton Moore Vandeleur, Esq., Rutland- 
square, Dublin. 

Sir Aubrey de Vere, Bart., Curragh Chase, 

John Walker, Esq., Cornhill House, Cold- 
stream, W. B. 

Rev. Charles Wm. Wall, D.D., M.R. LA., 

Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

James A. Wall, Esq., Baggot-street, Dublin. 
Hugh Walsh, Esq., Drumsna. 

Sam. Hibbert Ware, Esq., M.D., F.R.S.E. 

Charles T. Webber, Esq., M. R. I. A., 
Upper Gloucester-street, Dublin. 

Rev. William Whewell, B. D., Vice Chan- 
cellor of Cambridge. 

Rev. ' Whitely, for the " Portico," 


The Venerable Archdeacon Williams, Edin- 

Richard P. Williams, Esq.,Jun., M.R. I. A., 

Drumcondra Castle. 
William Williams, Esq., Neath. 
Lestock P. Wilson, Esq., North Audley-st., 

Rev. J. Wilson, B.D., Fellow of Trinity 

College, Oxford. 

Rev. James Wilson, D. D., M. R. I. A., Pre- 
centor of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. 

John Windele, Esq., Cork. 

Edward Wright, Esq., Blessington-street, 

* John Wynne, Esq., M.R. I. A., Hazlewood, 

Rev. Walter Young, Enniskillen. 


James Stratherne Close, Esq., Dublin. j Thomas M. Ray, Esq., Dublin. 

T. Crofton Croker, Esq., London. | James Whiteside, Esq., M. R. I. A., Mount- 

Rev. Matthew Flanagan, Francis-st., Dublin, j joy-square, Dublin. 




I. The number of Members shall be limited to 500. 

II. The affairs of the Society shall be managed by a President and Council of 
twelve Members, to be elected annually by the Society. 

III. Those Noblemen and Gentlemen who have been admitted Members prior to 
the first day of May, 1841, shall be deemed the original Members of the Society, and 
all future Members shall be elected by the Council. 

IV. Each Member shall pay four pounds on the first year of his election, and one 
pound every subsequent year. These payments to be made in advance, on or before 
the first day of January, annually. . *i 

V. Such Members as desire it, may become Life Members, on payment of the 
sum of thirteen pounds, or ten pounds (if they have already paid their entrance fee) in 
lieu of the annual subscription. 

VI. Every Member whose subscription is not in arrear shall be entitled to receive 
one copy of each publication of the Society issued subsequently to his admission ; and 
the books printed by the Society shall not be sold to the public. 

VII. No Member who is three months in arrear of his subscription shall be en- 
titled to vote, or to any other privileges of a Member ; and any Member who shall be 
one year in arrear shall be considered as having resigned. 

VIII. Any Member who shall gratuitously edit any book, approved of by the 
Council, shall be entitled to twenty copies of such book, when printed, for his own use : 
and the Council shall at all times be ready to receive suggestions from Members, rela- 
tive to such rare books or manuscripts as they may be acquainted with, and which 
they may deem worthy of being printed by the Society. 

IX. The Council shall have power to appoint officers ; and to make by-laws not 
inconsistent with the fundamental laws of the Society. 

Noblemen and Gentlemen desirous of becoming Members of the Irish Archaeo- 
logical Society are requested to forward their names and addresses to the Secretary, 
Rev. Dr. Todd, Trinity College, Dublin. Literary Societies and public libraries may 
procure the Society's publications by causing their Librarian or any other officer to 
become a Member of the Irish Archaeological Society in their name. 

Subscriptions will be received in DUBLIN by Messrs. Hodges and Smith, the So- 
ciety's Booksellers, 21, College-green. 

In LONDON, by Mr. T. Clerc Smith, 13, Henrietta-street, Covent Garden. 



In BELFAST, by Edmund Getty, Esq., Victoria-place. 

In CORK, by John Lindsay, Esq., Maryvitte, Blackrock. 

In EDINBURGH, by Mr. Stevenson, 87, Princes-street. 

In GLASGOW, by John Smith, Esq., LL.D., 70, St. Vincent-street. 

Those Members who may find it inconvenient to pay their subscriptions to these 
gentlemen, will have the goodness to procure a Post-Office order made payable to the 
Secretary, Rev. J. H. Todd, D.D., Trinity College, Dublin ; or to the Treasurer, John 
Smith Furlong, Esq., Q. C., 146, Leeson-street, Dublin. 


I. Tracts relating to Ireland, vol. I. containing : 

1. The Circuit of Ireland; by Muircheartach Mac Neill, Prince of Aileach; a 
Poem written in the year 942 by Cormacan Eigeas, Chief Poet of the North 
of Ireland. Edited, with a Translation and Notes, by JOHN O'DONOVAN. 

2. "A Brife Description of Ireland: Made in this year 1589, by Robert Payne 
vnto xxv. of his partners for whom he is vndertaker there." Reprinted from 
the second edition, London, 1590, with a Preface and Notes, by AQUILLA SMITH, 

II. The Annals of Ireland ; by James Grace of Kilkenny. Edited from the MS. 
in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, in the original Latin, with a Translation and 
Notes, by the REV. RICHARD BUTLER, A. B., M. R. I. A. 


I. Cach TTluighi Ruch. The Battle of Moira, from an ancient MS. in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin. Edited in the original Irish, with a Translation and Notes, 

II. Tracts relating to Ireland, vol. IL containing : 

1. " A Treatice of Ireland; by John Dymmok." Edited from a MS. in the British 
Museum, with Notes, by the REV. RICHARD BUTLER, A. B., M. R. I. A. 

2. The Annals of Multifernam ; from the original MS. in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin. Edited by AQUILLA SMITH, M. D., M. R. I. A. 

3. A Statute passed at a Parliament held at Kilkenny, A. D. 1367 ; from a MS. 
in the British Museum. Edited, with a Translation and Notes, by JAMES 
HARDIMAN, Esq., M. R. L A. 




I. An Account of the Tribes and Customs of the District of Hy-Many, commonly 
called O'Kelly's country, in the Counties of Galway and Roscommon. Edited from 
the Book of Leacan in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy ; in the original Irish, 
with a Translation and Notes, by JOHN O'DONOVAN. 

II. The Book of Obits and Martyrology of the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, com- 
monly called Christ Church, Dublin. Edited from the original MS. in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin, with Notes, by the REV. JOHN CLARKE CROSTHWAITE, A.M., 
Dean's Vicar of Christ Church Cathedral. In the Press. 


I. "Registrum Ecclesie Omnium Sanctorum juxta Dublin;" from the original 
MS. in the Library of Trinity College. Edited by the REV. RICHARD BUTLER, A. B., 
M. R. I. A. In the Press. 

II. An Account of the Tribes and Customs of the district of Hy-Fiachrach, in the 
counties of Sligo and Mayo. Edited from the Book of Leacan, in the Library of the 
Royal Irish Academy, and from the M'Firbis MS. in the possession of the Earl of 
Roden. By JOHN O'DONOVAN. In the Press. 


I. The Royal Visitation Book of the Province of Armagh in 1622, from the original 
MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. Edited by JAMES HENTHORN TODD, 
D.D., V. P.R.I. A., Fellow of Trin. Coll., and Treasurer of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. 

II. The Progresses of the Lords Lieutenants in Ireland; from MSS. in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin. Edited by JOSEPH HUBAND SMITH, Esq., M. A., M. R. I. A. 

III. 6opama. The Origin and History of the Boromean Tribute. Edited from a 
MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, with a Translation and Notes, by EUGENE 

IV. Cormac's Glossary ; in the original Irish. Edited, with a Translation and Notes, 

V. Car Caipn Chonaill. The battle of Carn Chonaill, between Guaire, King 
of Aidhne, and Dermot, King of Ireland, A. D. 648. From the Leabhar na-h Uidhre, 
a very ancient MS. in the collection of Messrs. Hodges and Smith, with a Translation 
and Notes, by EUGENE CURRY. 



VI. Sir William Petty's Narrative of his Proceedings in the Survey of Ireland. 
From a MS. recently purchased by Government, and deposited in the Library of Trin. 
Coll., Dublin. Edited, with Notes, by THOS. A. LARCOM, Esq., Capt. R. E., M.R.I. A. 

VII. Articles of Capitulation and Surrender of Cities, Towns, Castles, Forts, &c., 
in Ireland, to the Parliamentary Forces, from A. D. 1 649 to 1 654. Edited, with His- 
torical Notices, by JAMES HARDIMAN, Esq., M.R.I.A. 

VIII. The Irish Version of the " Historia Britonum" of Nennius, from the Book of 
Ballimote, collated with copies in the Book of Leacan, and in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin. With a Translation and Notes, by JAMES HENTHORN TODD, D. D., 
V. P. E. I. A., FeUow of Trinity College, &c. 

IX. The Miscellany of the Irish Archaeological Society, vol. i. In the Press. 

X. " Macariae Excidium. The Destruction of Cyprus ;" by Col. Charles O'Kelly. 
In the original Latin, with a Translation by DENIS HENRY KELLY, Esq., of Castle 
Kelly ; and Notes by JOHN O'CALLAGHAN, Esq. 




CS The Tribes and customs of Hy- 

4.97 Many