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American Quarterly Church Review for April, 1867. 







November 6th, 1866, 








In the unwritten history of the American Church, few men 
have filled a larger place than he, whose name is at the head of 
our pages, and of whose life and character we propose to give 
a brief sketch. There have been, and there are now, men who 
have made greater attainments in particular departments of 
study, — Language, Biblical Criticism, Church History, Patris- 
tic learning, Philosophy ; there are men whose position has 
brought them more prominently before the public ; but in all 
the elements which form a positive character, in that kind of 
power which sways the minds of other men, and which moulds 
public opinion, few men of the present generation deserve to 
rank higher than Francis L. Hawks. The greatness of a 
nation is to be estimated by the number of its really good and 
great men. It is not mere numbers, it is not physical and 
material greatness, which make a nation powerful. Nay, it is 
not merely intellectual gifts and culture, which constitute 
national strength : these may be, and often are, the sources of 
its weakness, and the instruments of its decay and ruin. 


In forming our estimate of such a man as Dr. Hawks, and 
of the rank which he should hold among the Church's distin- 
guished men and benefactors, there are some things which 
cannot he measured ; and of this kind there was, emphatically, 
more in him than in most men. We mean that imperceptible, 
yet mighty influence, which certain men exert upon the age in 
which they live. It is a magnetic influence, which is resistless, 
almost omnipotent ; yet, it is not less potent because it is, in 
its workings, silent and unobserved ; we might almost say, it 
is not less effective for the Church's weal, because it is exerted 
outside of her fold, and not strictly within the line of her 
appointed professional sphere. The world estimates social 
organizations, by their harmonious working with other forms 
of social life. The Family, the Church, the State, though 
distinct from each other, yet are they all so blended in their 
practical operations and results, that it is difficult to sepa- 
rate the influences of the one from the influences which flow 
from the other. The world dares not speak disparagingly of the 
Church, when it sees one of her avowed, recognized champions, 
standing first and foremost in all that concerns the well-being 
and true progress of the age. 

We do not follow out this line of thought. It is full of mean- 
ing. It has its lesson for the Clergy of the present day. The 
age of Miracles is past ; and the Church is to win her way, 
not by ignoring, but by using, all the recognized influences 
which control Society. If Literature, Science, Art, Education, 
Philosophy ; in a word, if Modern Civilization is to be Christ- 
ian instead of Komish, Eationalistic and Infidel, then the Clergy 


of the Church have a duty to perform in this direction. How 
to know nothing else, save Jesus Christ and Him Crucified, 
and yet, at the same time, to see to it that the noblest tri- 
umphs of Modern Civilization are offered upon His Altar, and 
consecrated to His service, this, paradoxical as it may seem, is 
a lesson which the Clergy must learn, if they would be true to 
themselves, true to the age, and true to Christ and His Church. 
If even a Heathen Poet could say, liumani nihil a me alienum 
puto, surely, Christianity is not less ennobling and elevating in 
its influences. 

We are led to these observations in the outset, because they 
are necessary, in studying the life of such a man as Dr. Hawks. 
Whether he would have been more useful to the Church, if he 
had confined his attention to certain pursuits, may well be ques- 
tioned. He thought, as we know, that his labors were rendered 
comparatively useless by these constant distractions; and he 
once wrote to us, as he was at the time annoyed and wearied, 
almost beyond endurance, by the pressure of these outside intru- 
sions, "When I die," said he, "let my epitaph be, 'Died of the 
City of New York.'" And yet, as we look back, now, upon 
his career, upon the sphere which he filled, and the influences 
which he wielded, so varied and diverse, we are not altogther 
certain that that life would have been better spent, had he fol- 
lowed out certain chosen paths of his own. 

All that we shall now attempt, is a concise statement of the 
prominent facts of his life. We shall aim to show, in the 
briefest manner possible, what he was, and what he did ; and, 
upon one or two features of his history, we shall offer some 


considerations, which we think are due to his memory. We 
remind the reader, however, that it is not a complete and faith- 
ful portrait that we can draw, within such limits ; it is the 
merest outline. Anything like a fair delineation of his char- 
acter, and of his life, would require a volume ; and this, we 
hope, will be prepared, for the Church's sake, and for his own. 
The materials are rich and abundant. 

In seeking to preserve upon our pages a memorial of the 
Rev. Dr. Hawks, it is proper to say, that we have sought infor- 
mation from every accessible source ; that the freest use has 
been giyen us of everything which can throw light upon his 
history; and that our only aim is, to pay a just and fitting 
tribute to one whom the Church will not willingly forget. 

Francis Lister Hawks was born in Newbern, North Caro- 
lina, June 10, 1798. He was the second son and child of 
Francis and Julia Hawks. By his father, he was of English, 
and by his mother, he was of Irish descent. His Grandfather, 
John Hawks, came to this country from England, with Gov- 
ernor Tryon, so well known in the Colonial History of North 
Carolina. They were warm personal friends in the old country, 
and they determined to share their fortunes together in the 
new. His maternal Grandfather was Richard Stephens, who 
was from Ireland. The story, current in some quarters, that 
Dr. Hawks was a descendant of Pocahontas, has not a word of 
truth in it. There was not a drop of Indian blood in his veins. 
The report originated, perhaps, in the fact that he once deliv- 
ered a Lecture on Pocahontas, in which he showed that she 
was the ancestor of some of the first and most distinguished 


families in the country. Besides, there was something in Dr. 
Hawks, in his dark complexion, in his striking physiognomy, 
and still more, at times, in his statuesque attitude, which 
reminded one of that nobility of air and demeanor, which 
sometimes marks the native sons of the American forests. 

Dr. Hawks was one of nine children, two only of whom sur- 
vive ; the Bt. Kev. Cicero Stephens Hawks, Bishop of Missouri ; 
and Phebe Bice, wife of the Hon. Walker Anderson, of Flor- 
ida. Three of the family have died within a year ; John Ste- 
phens Hawks, a Lawyer ; and the Bev. William Nassau 
Hawks, a Clergyman of the Church, and Hector of Trinity 
Church, Columbus, Georgia ; both of whom deceased but a 
few months previous to the death of the Bev. Dr. Hawks. 

The mother of Dr. Hawks was a remarkable woman. The 
children were all baptized in infancy; for the ancestors, on 
both sides, were Churchmen, and Mrs. Hawks, with that posi- 
tiveness and individuality of character which marked the son, 
trained her child to habits of early piety, to reverence Grod and 
serve Him, and to walk in the ways of His Holy Church. The 
father of Dr. Hawks became a communicant only in the latter 
days of his life. Dr. Hawks himself received his first Com- 
munion soon after his graduation at the University of North 
Carolina, and when he was about seventeen years of age. This 
public avowal of himself as the disciple of Christ, was a bold 
step in a young man ; for Beligion was then at a low ebb ; a 
worldly career of great honor opened before him ; and there 
was, in the Parish at Newbern, but one male communicant 
besides himself. The child is father to the man ; and there 


were incidents, even in his early career, which exhibited all the 
chivalric independence of conduct that characterized his sub- 
sequent history. Thus he was not only an active layman of 
the Church, but he became a Lay Eeader of St. Matthew's 
Parish, and conducted the Services of God's House, when the 
people were too few in number to sustain an ordained Clergy- 
man. Nor would he, for the sake of worldly popularity, com- 
promise his position as a Christian. He was a Candidate for 
the State Legislature, and his breast was fired with all the 
enthusiasm of youthful ambition. It was the custom, then, 
in that County, in entering upon a political canvass, to throw 
open one's house to the hospitalities of all who would accept 
them, and solicit support by encouraging scenes of carousal 
and dissipation. Francis L. Hawks would have none of this. 
With a moral heroism which knew no fear, he dared to respect 
his own conscience, and to abide the consequences. 

The fruits of maternal piety were, in the instance before us, 
manifold. After the death of Mrs. Hawks, two of the younger 
sons, as we have already seen, became Clergymen ; and the 
future Bishop of Missouri learned his letters, and afterwards 
studied Theology, under the fruitful care and instruction of 
him whose early life we are now tracing. 

Dr. Hawks graduated at the University of North Carolina, 
at Chapel Hill, in 1815. His early character, the circum- 
stances under which he entered the Ministry, and some inci- 
dents in his domestic life and history, are clearly described in 
the following Letter, from the Rt. Eev. Bishoj) Green, of Mis- 
sissippi. The Bishop says : — 


"My first acquaintance with the family was in 1818, while on a 
visit to Newbern. The father of Dr. Hawks was a man of amiable 
disposition, but not of a high order of intellect. The intellectual 
qualities of the family must have been derived from the mother, who, 
judging from the training of her children, must have been a woman of 
a very superior order. I first became acquainted with the Rev. Dr. 
Hawks, at Chapel Hill, in 1815 ; while I was in the Freshman, and 
he in the Senior Class. He was, even then, as remarkable for his 
fine elocution, as at any after period of his life. He took the first 
honors of his Class, sharing them with the late Isaac Croom, of Ala- 
bama. Immediately after his graduation, he commenced the study of 
Law, under the Hon. Judge William Gaston, of Newbern, N. C. He 
soon took a high rank at the Bar, and in a very few years was elected 
to the Legislature, from the town of Newbern. Whenever it was 
known that he was about to speak, lobbies, galleries, &c, were filled 
to overflowing, before the appointed hour. His eloquence, at that 
time, it should be said, though of the most attractive kind, was not 
equally distinguished for that close, logical force of reasoning, which 
characterizes the really able debater. 

" Not long afterwards, he removed to Hillsboro, Orange Co., throw- 
ing himself in the midst of a Bar composed of such men as George 
E. Badger, William A. Graham, Willie P. Mangum, the late Chief 
Justice Nash, &c. Among these, he soon took a high stand. Busi- 
ness flowed in upon him rapidly, and such was the charm of his elo- 
quence, that whenever he was to speak, the cry was raised from the 
Court-House door, ' that little man is speaking,' and in five minutes 
the Court-House would be crowded with eager listeners. 

" While connected with the Bar at Hillsboro, he also acted as Re- 
porter of the Supreme Court of the State; and as an evidence of the 
manner in which he performed that duty, I mention the following. 
Two gentlemen, of high legal standing, were conversing on the merits 
of the various persons who had filled that office. One of them re- 
marked, ' What an excellent Reporter Frank Hawks is.' The other, 
though personally not very friendly to him, replied, 'What is it that 
he cannot do well V 

" It was through his solicitation, chiefly, that I was induced to 
leave my first charge, in Williamsboro, and organize a Church in 
Hillsboro ; where I soon after settled. In the organization of this 
Church, Mr. Hawks was the Senior Warden, and most active lay- 
member. His mind had, in early life, strongly inclined to the Min- 


istry ; but his father, having more worldly and ambitious views, influ- 
enced him to engage in the study of the Law. He had often assured 
me that his heart was not in his profession, before he determined to 
leave it ; and I remember well the day on which he finally determined 
to abandon it. I had just finished my breakfast, when he knocked at 
my door. On my opening it, he refused to come in, and requested me 
to take a walk with him. If I mistake not, the Court was then in 
session ; for I remember well my astonishment, when he told me, 
that he had entered that Court-House for the last time. I looked in 
his face, and asked him what he meant. His reply was, ' I mean what 
I say ; I am no longer a Lawyer. I wish to become a Clergyman. I 
wish you to receive me as a Candidate, and let me study with you, 
and have the use of your books.' I was, of course, rejoiced at the 
announcement, and for a few months he continued to read under my 
direction. After this, he removed to Newbern, where he completed 
his studies, and was subsequently, in 1827, ordained Deacon by Bishop 
Ravenscroft. I am not certain that he had any regular Charge in 
North Carolina, before he left to remove to Connecticut, where he be- 
came Assistant Minister to the Rev. Dr. Harry Croswell, Rector of 
Trinity Church. I believe he took Priest's Orders before he left North 
Carolina, but am not certain of the date. 

" Dr. Hawks' first wife was Miss Emily Kirby, of New Haven, Conn. 
Their acquaintance commenced at an evening party in Litchfield, 
Conn., but extended then no further than a mere introduction. It 
was while he was completing his Law studies, at the celebrated School 
of Judge Gould, in that town, and Miss Kirby was a member of the 
then celebrated School for young Ladies, under the direction of Miss 
Pierce. The father of Miss Kirby, having soon after failed in for- 
tune, she thought it her duty to provide for herself; and having en- 
joyed the benefit of a superior education, she resolved to become a 
teacher. The South, at that time, presenting a better opening for 
that employment, and having no aquaintance in all that region but 
Mr. Hawks, she ventured, timidly and respectfully, to inquire of him, 
whether a suitable situation was within his knowledge. Mr. Hawks 
was so pleased with her letter, that he requested the privilege of cor- 
responding with her. This led to such mutual esteem, as to bring on 
a matrimonial engagement, as soon as their personal acquaintance was 

" I knew her well during her residence in Hillsboro, where her 
two children were born; and a better woman was never numbered 


among my acquaintance. It would certainly have been very hard to 
have found another, equally adapted to the peculiarities of Mr. Hawks' 
diposition. Gentle, loving, quiet, firm, she knew the proper moment 
and the most effectual manner of quieting down the occasional stormy 
outbursts of her husband's temper. Dr. Hawks was, by no means, a 
bad-tempered man, but was, nevertheless, quick to take anger ; and 
that, while in that state, he gave too free use of his tongue, his best 
friends cannot deny. 

" The following scene will serve to illustrate the character of both 
husband and wife. The Court is in session. The Judge has decided 
against Mr. Hawks' client. He leaves the Court in disgust, goes 
home, throws his hat in one direction, his green bag in another, paces 
the floor rapidly, abusing Judge, Jury, and Counsel. The wife sits 
by silently, occasionally heaving a sigh in the pauses of the storm. 
After his wrath is pretty well spent, a gentle voice is heard, saying, 
' Frank.' No attention is paid to it. Again is heard, ' Come here, 
Frank,' 'Come sit by me.' With some reluctance, he complies. An 
arm is gently thrown around him ; and in kindest, softest tones, he is 
asked, 'Frank, do you know what you have been saying for the last 
fifteen minutes?' 'Yes, Emily, why should I not know it?' 'No, 
Frank, you don't know what you have been saying. Do you know 
that you called Judge R. by such and such names V 'No I didn't, 
Emily.' ' Yes, you did, Frank ; and do you know that you spoke of 
lawyer W. in the most abusive manner V ' Surely not, Emily.' 'And 
do you know that you called the Jury a pack of fools ?' ' Is it pos- 
sible, Emily, that I thus gave way to my violent temper ?' He would 
then lay his head in her lap, shed tears of sincere repentance, and beg 
her to pray for him. Wonderful man ! who, while he could enchain 
Courts, Legislatures, and Councils of the Church, by his irresistible 
elocution, yet found it hard, at times, to chain down his own fiery spirit ! 

" I do not feel able, at present, to give any lengthy and connected 
sketch of Dr. Hawks' character ; but hope you may be able to form a 
pretty correct estimate of what he was, both in temper, disposition, 
and as an accomplished speaker, from the little that I have written. 
Of his various writings and labors for the Church of Christ, I regard 
you as a more competent witness than myself. I hope that what I 
have now written will, in a measure, meet your request." 

Mrs. Hawks, after a married life at the South of four years, 

died at New Haven, July 12, 1827, and was buried by the 


Eev. Dr. Harry Croswell, by whom also the marriage rite had 
been performed. This domestic relation brought Dr. Hawks 
into contact and acquaintance with that remarkable man and 
successful Pastor, the Eector of Trinity Church, and his first 
permanent engagement was as Dr. Croswell's Assistant, to 
which he was elected, April 25, 1829. Dr. Hawks was then 
thirty years of age, and in the full vigor of his wonderful 
powers. The charm of his eloquence had full scope in that 
City of Schools, and arrangements were soon made to erect a 
Chapel-of-Ease, now St. Paul's Church. The remarkable 
growth of the Church in that old Puritan City, where there 
are now six Parishes, and two more in the immediate suburbs, 
are the legitimate fruit of the fidelity, firmness, and wisdom 
of Dr. Croswell, and of the gentlemen whom he selected as his 
Assistants ; among whom Dr. Hawks was first, and among the 
most distinguished. As an illustration of his reputation at 
New Haven, a leading Presbyterian Divine has recently said, 
" that he was then a student at Yale, and was attracted to 
hear him constantly, not only by his fine elocution, but by his 
evangelical doctrines, which he regarded as more correct than 
those set forth in the pulpits of his own Church in that 

While residing in New Haven, he was united in marriage to 
an accomplished and most estimable lady, Mrs. Olivia Hunt, 
formerly Miss Trowbridge, of Danbury, Conn. ; who still sur- 
vives him, and who was thus spared, with fond affection, to 
soothe and comfort him, in his last hours of helplessness, and 
to mourn his death. Of the fruits of this marriage, there were 


six children ; five of whom still live. Of the two children by 
the former marriage, one remains. 

Dr. Hawks needed a larger field of usefulness than New 
Haven, then numbering only about ten thousand inhabitants ; 
and in August, 1829, against the earnest remonstrance of Dr. 
Croswell, and greatly to the regret of the Churchmen of the 
City, he removed to Philadelphia, and became Assistant Min- 
ister of St. James' Church, of which the Kt. Kev. Bishop 
White was then Rector. In the autumn of 1830, he was elect- 
ed Professor of Divinity in Washington, now Trinity College, 
Hartford, Conn.; and on the 8th of March, 1831, he was institu- 
ted Rector of St. Stephen's Church, in the City of New York. 
Dr. Hawks at once gave to that Parish a prominence worthy of 
its best days ; for it had numbered, among his predecessors, 
such men as the Rt. Rev. Bishop Moore, of Virginia. His Bible 
Class, and his Expository Lectures, are still remembered by 
Churchmen in that portion of the City ; for, rare as were his gifts 
as a preacher, he was almost equally attractive as a didactic 
teacher and lecturer. We find Dr. Hawks, also, at this period, 
giving his best efforts in behalf of every effort for the cause of 
Church Education and Church Extension. The noble stand 
of the Church, as a Missionary Church, had not then been 
taken, but she had a Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, 
as also a Sunday School Society, and of both these Institu- 
tions, Dr. Hawks was a frequent and eloquent advocate. The 
Green Bay Mission, especially, that Church effort in behalf of 
the Aborigines, whose importance at that period seems now to 
be almost forgotten, found in Dr. Hawks one of its most effi- 


cient friends ; and the Church papers of that period show how 
frequent and successful were his appeals in its behalf. 

In 1831, he entered upon an engagement, connected with 
which were many of the most important events of his life. 
St. Thomas' Parish, in New York City, having become vacant 
by the removal of the Rev. Dr. Upfold, now Bishop of Indi- 
ana, the Rev. Dr. Hawks was unanimously elected to the Rec- 
torship, and entered upon its duties, on Sunday, Dec. 17, 
1831 . This Church was then in the very heart of the City, 
and in the midst of its best population. Here he remained for 
twelve years, or until 1843 ; and they were among the most 
eventful and laborious years of his life. His popularity as the 
Pulpit Orator, has seldom been equalled, certainly never sur- 
passed, in the history of the American Church. Crowds flocked 
to hear him ; nor was it a merely temporary reputation. Time, 
that severest of all tests, which tries charlatans, and strips 
them of their borrowed garb and exposes their pretensions, 
tried him ; and still he stood forth, year after year, the peer- 
less Preacher of the day. Galleries were erected for the ac- 
commodation of the crowds of worshippers ; and a large and 
nourishing Sunday School was in vigorous prosperity. 

We find Dr. Hawks, at this period, occupying various posi- 
tions of usefulness. At the General Convention of 1832, he 
was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Convention. In 
October, 1833, he was appointed Professor of Ecclesiastical 
History in the General Theological Seminary, and for a while 
he gave instruction to the students in that department of 
learning, and also in Pulpit Eloquence. In October, 1834, he 


was chosen Secretary of the Convention of the Diocese of New 

On the 4th of March, 1835, a number of the Clergy and 
Laity from the Dioceses of Mississippi, Alabama, and Louis- 
iana, convened in Christ Church, New Orleans, pursuant to 
previous arrangements, for the purpose of electing a Bishop, 
agreeably to the special Canon of 1832. After a vote of the 
two Orders, on coming together, the Rev. Pierce Connelly 
reported, that the Order of Clergy had unanimously nominated 
the Rev. Francis L. Hawks, D. D. ; and F. S. Blount, Esq., 
reported that the Laity had unanimously approved the nomi- 
nation. This whole plan of a Missionary Diocese of the South 
West, was, in part, one of the fruits of the visit of the late 
Rt. Rev. Bishop Brownell, to New Orleans, who spent the 
winter of 1834-5 in that City. It is proper to advert to this, 
as one proof of the Missionary zeal and activity, and the far- 
reaching wisdom of that lamented Prelate. Bishop Brownell 
urged the acceptance of the appointment upon Dr. Hawks, 
from every consideration of usefulness and duty. He was to 
have been Rector of Christ Church, New Orleans, to which he 
was called, Dec. 11, 1832, and a prospect of almost boundless 
promise lay before him. 

At the General Convention in that same year, 1835, at Phil- 
adelphia, the House of Bishops, on the last day of the Ses- 
sion, informed the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, — 

" That they hereby nominate the Rev. Francis L. Hawks, D.D., as 
a Bishop of this Church, to exercise Episcopal functions in the State 
of Louisiana, and in the Territories of Arkansas and Florida ; and 


the Rev. Jackson Kemper, D.D., as a Bishop, to exercise Episcopal 
functions in the States of Missouri and Indiana." 

Both, these nominations were unanimously concurred in by 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; and the Eev. Dr. 
Hawks, being a member of the House, and present, declared 
his readiness to accept the position, " provided provision was 
made to his satisfaction for the support of his family." On 
the 14th of October, of that year, the Et. Kev. Bishop White, 
Presiding Bishop, announced to the public, that Dr. Hawks 
had declined the appointment. 

It is, of course, impossible to say now what would have been 
the result, had Dr. Hawks come to a different conclusion. One 
can scarcely repress the wish, that, throwing himself in simple 
faith on Grod, and trusting in the fidelity of the Church, he 
had entered upon the great work entrusted to him. Tracing 
the wonderful labors of that noble pioneer Bishop, the vene- 
rable Kemper, in the North West, and the growth of the 
Church in that section of the country, since he was nominated 
Missionary Bishop of Missouri and Indiana, we may believe 
that fruits not less abundant would have been gathered from 
the labors of Dr, Hawks, in an equally promising field. He 
was admirably adapted to act upon the Southern mind and 
heart ; he was capable of conceiving and executing great 
things ; and, with G-od's blessing, he would, assuredly, have 
covered the South West with Churches and Schools, instead 
of its being left to be overrun with Cumberland and other 
Presbyterians, and Baptists and Methodists and Eomanists. 
We are sure that Dr. Hawks did not decline the position be- 


cause he was afraid to make ventures for Christ. He saw 
opening before him important labors of another kind, for which 
he was conscious of ability. But he was still alive to the 
Missionary Work of the Church, and in that same Memorable 
year, 1835, when the true key note was struck, when the 
Church formally and solemnly declared herself a Missionary 
Society, and published to the world, that "The Society shall 
be considered as comprehending all persons who are members 
of this Church," at that great era in the Church's history in 
this country, Dr. Hawks' clarion voice was heard, on various 
occasions, echoing the notes of the Church's appeal. 

At this General Convention, another sphere of labor was 
presented to Dr. Hawks, which had an important bearing 
upon his subsequent history. He laid before the Convention 
a Communication, asking its cooperation in " saving, for those 
who are to come after us, all that can be gathered of our Early 
Ecclesiastical History." His plan was, the appointment of a 
Collector and Conservator of books, pamphlets, documents, 
manuscripts, &c, connected with our Early Church History. 
The subject of the Communication was acted upon by both 
Houses, and the following, among other Resolutions, was 
adopted : — 

"2. Resolved, That the Rt. Rev. Bishop White, and the Rev. Dr. 
Hawks, be respectfully requested to apply, in the name of this Con- 
vention, to such persons or Societies in England, alluded to in the 
Letter of Dr. Hawks, as possessing similar documents, soliciting the 
same, or copies thereof, for the use of the Church in this Country." 

Dr. Hawks was also " requested to act as Conservator of the 
above mentioned books, &c." 


In pursuance of the above appointment and request, Dr. 
Hawks sailed for England, March 24, 1836. Here he spent 
several months. Libraries and public Eecords were freely 
opened to him, and he employed a large force of Clerks, in 
copying in full everything which could throw light upon the 
Early History of the Church in this Country. 

As the result of his labors, he returned with eighteen large 
folio volumes of MSS., connected with the planting of the 
Church in Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina, Georgia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New 
York, Connecticut, Ehode Island, and Massachusetts. One of 
these volumes is devoted to matters pertaining to the general 
subject of the Early Church in these Colonies. We cannot 
express our estimate of the value of these treasures. They are 
rich, beyond measure. They will now pass into the possession 
of the Church, and no time or care should be spared, in placing 
them beyond the risk of loss. The repeated and pressing calls, 
by the American Missionaries and Clergy, upon the Mother 
Church for Bishops, the imperative need of such supervision, 
the constant opposition and persecution by Puritans and other 
Sects, the slanders heaped upon the Missionaries by such men 
as Whitfield, the record of self-denying labors by those noble 
men who came over to the New World to lay broad and deep 
the foundations of Christ's Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic 
Church, — all these may be found in these volumes. 

In the First Volume of these MSS., we find the following 
statement : — 


" In the summer of 1836 I visited England, as the agent of the 
General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Uni- 
ted States, for the purpose of obtaining copies of such Documents 
as related to the Early History of the American Episcopal Church. 
This volume contains a portion of what was thus obtained. The 
sources from which its contents were derived, are three, viz : the Ar- 
chi-Episcopal Library of MSS. at Lambeth Palace; the Eecords at 
Fulham, belonging to the See of London ; and the documents in the 
Office of the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts ; 
and I hereby certify, that the copies herein contained are correctly 
made from the originals, with which they have been compared. They 
may, therefore, be relied on as authentic documents. 

" It is proper to add, that the Archbishop of Canterbury expressed 
to me the wish, that in the use which may be made of them, great 
care will be taken to avoid giving needless publicity to matters which 
concern the character of individuals, lest a wound should be inflicted 
on the feelings of their descendants. As I understand this to be the 
implied, though not formally expressed condition on which the copies 
were granted, I feel it to be a duty thus to perpetuate it, for the infor- 
mation of all members of the Protestant Episcopal Church, into whose 
hands this book may hereafter fall. 


Immediately on his return to New York, Dr. Hawks com- 
menced a work for which, now, he had the most abundant 
materials ; his "Contributions to the Ecclesiastical History of 
the United States of America." The volume on the Early 
Church in Virginia, was published in 1836, and that on the 
Church in Maryland, appeared in 1839. The reception of 
these volumes by Churchmen, and their sale, did not equal his 
anticipations. They were, of course, freely and boldly criti- 
cized, and he, in his disappointment, at once determined to 
abandon the undertaking. That conclusion once reached, 
nothing could swerve him from his decision. To all Church- 
men, such a termination of his historical researches and labors, 



must be a source of profound and lasting regret. His accu- 
mulated stores of authorities and details, his thorough famil- 
iarity with the whole subject, his facility of composition, and 
his clear, vigorous style, all qualified him to do such a labor 
for the Church. As for criticism, severe and unsparing, he 
should have expected and desired it. So far as his Histories 
possessed solid worth, they would have survived unjust cen- 
sure, and have taken their place among the choicest treasures 
of our Church literature. The materials for writing the His- 
tory of the Church in New York, and New Jersey, and Penn- 
sylvania, as well as in the New England States, are so rich, 
and the subject so important, in every aspect, that the Church 
may well deplore the author's change of purpose. 

As an illustration of the value of these Histories, in his 
volume on the Early Church in Virginia, besides his record of 
the labors of those noble pioneers, who not only preceded the 
Plymouth- Rock Puritans, but who illustrated the very highest 
type of Christian self-sacrifice and Missionary zeal, Dr. Hawks 
vindicated, triumphantly, the loyalty of the Churchmen of 
Virginia against the aspersions of Mr. Bancroft, and showed, 
most clearly, their entire freedom from all sympathy with 
Cromwell's Rebellion, and with the designs of the factious 
men who instigated it. 

Dr. Hawks, however, gave to the public, in other forms, por- 
tions of the valuable Documents which he obtained in England. 
These appeared in The Church Record, published at Flushing, 
1840-42 ; and very valuable selections were also published in 
the American Quarterly Church Review, Volumes III. and 


IV. ; to which, as some of our readers may remember, Dr. 
Hawks called special attention at the close of Volume II. He 
also furnished, for this Review, some important papers from the 
pen of the Rt. Rev. Bishop White, on the early Church in 
Pennsylvania ; and also, by the Rev. John Hall, on ihe plant- 
ing of the Church in the Diocese of Ohio. The History of the 
Church in several of the larger Dioceses, is yet unwritten ; and 
is worthy of the very best efforts of the very best writers. To 
do such a work successfully, will require years of prepara- 
tion, and he should not undertake it at all who cannot do 
it well. 

In 1837, Dr. Hawks, in connection with the Rev. Dr. C. S. 
Henry, established the Neio York Revieiv, a Quarterly, 
which at once attracted attention by the boldness and vigor of 
its Articles. A political paper on Thomas Jefferson, involving 
some important points in our national history, was widely crit- 
icized. The Revieiv was established in 1837, and was discon- 
tinued in 1843. 

It was at this period, that Dr. Hawks entered upon another 
enterprise still more important in its results. Education, in its 
truest and largest sense, was a subject on which he held positive 
views. Its province, its power, its imperative need, especially 
under such Institutions as our own ; the superficial, one-sided, 
and defective character of the great majority of our Training 
Schools and Colleges, all these induced him, though still retain- 
ing his Rectorship of St. Thomas' Parish in the city, to engage 
in an undertaking, the difficulties of which he did not and could 
not then foresee. Indeed, to his sanguine temperament and 


daring spirit, which knew no such thing as failure, the conception 
of an Educational Institution of the highest character, suited 
to the needs of American youths, was almost a reality ; and 
in August, 1839, he entered upon the work of its establishment. 
St. Thomas' Hall, Flushing, L. I., was the Institution to 
which now he gave all the energies of his nature and the in- 
fluence of his position. It was far enough from the city for 
purposes of retirement and seclusion ; it was near enough to 
draw from it educational facilities and patronage. With that 
wonderful fascination which he possessed, Dr. Hawks drew 
around him hosts of friends, and infused into them the sjDirit 
of his own glowing conceptions and far-reaching plans. Build- 
ings were erected and made attractive by their surroundings 
and appointments, at an expenditure of between fifty and sixty 
thousand dollars. Teachers were employed and entered upon 
their duties ; scholars flocked in numbers to this beautiful 
retreat ; and, for a little while, St. Thomas' Hall bade fair to 
realize the fondest dreams of its founder. But alas ! as there 
is nothing so successful as success, so there is nothing so disas- 
trous as disaster. The financial crash, which culminated at 
this period, came on just as the experiment had reached its 
turning point, and at once, in 1843, the whole enterprise, so 
noble in its inception, and promising in its early fruits, fell in 
utter irretrievable ruin. 

Besides the terrible wreck of all his own cherished hopes, 
imputations were cast upon him affecting his reputation. He 
was accused, not only of extravagance and recklessness and 
visionary schemes, but of false promises, and of want of hon- 


esty and integrity, in matters involving the interests of others. 
That there was a lack of prudence and foresight, such as might 
have saved the Institution, and averted such heavy loss on the 
part of its numerous friends, is possible ; but that there was 
a sacrifice of moral rectitude in the management of St. Thomas' 
Hall, or anything which -cannot find explanation in unforeseen 
and unavoidable circumstances, we believe will not now for a 
moment be maintained. 

So serious was this failure in ks consequences, that Dr. 
Hawks resigned the Eectorship of St. Thomas' Church, New 
York City, and his resignation was accepted by the Wardens 
and Vestry of the Parish, Oct. 28, 1843, with every expression 
of regret, affection, confidence and respect. We have exam- 
ined with care the facts, — the official statements, documents, 
&c, &c, bearing upon Dr. Hawks' connection with St. Thomas' 
Hall, — and we do not hesitate to say, not that he was faultless 
and without mistakes, but that his honesty and integrity 
remained untarnished, while his high-mindedness and honor, 
as a Christian and a gentleman, were exhibited in a manner 
worthy of all commendation. He now removed to Holly 
Springs, Mississippi, where his daughter resided, with a view 
of retrieving his misfortunes, of paying his indebtedness, and, 
meanwhile, of being useful to the Church. He at once estab- 
lished a School in Holly Springs, and became Hector of 
the Church in that place. 

Almost immediately, however, he was elected Bishop of 
Mississippi by the Diocesan Convention. This appointment, of 
course, came before the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 


which met in General Convention at Philadelphia, in 1844. 
Strong opposition was there made to the approval of his 
election by some members of the Convention, on the ground of 
the pecuniary affairs of St. Thomas' Hall. The whole subject 
was openly and thoroughly discussed, and the speech of Dr. 
Hawks himself, in vindication of his conduct, was universally 
acknowledged to have been one of the ablest and most powerful 
pleas ever heard in any deliberative assembly. It was the most 
trying, painful struggle of his whole life. Every possible as- 
pect of the subject was thoroughly examined by him, and with 
all that luminous order, and clearness of statement, and strength 
of argument, and touching pathos, and felicitous diction, and 
impressive elocution, of which he was master. At length the 
following Eesolution was adopted : 

" Resolved, That, in the opinion of this House, the integrity of the 
Rev. Dr. Hawks has been satisfactorily vindicated in his reply and 
proofs in relation to the charge brought against him in the Memorial 
presented to this House." 

This was passed by eighteen of twenty-seven Dioceses, on 
the Clerical vote ; and by eighteen of twenty-two Dioceses, on 
the vote of the Laity. There were no votes in the negative ; 
but some of the representatives were excused from voting on 
the subject. It was finally deemed proper to refer the whole 
question back to the Diocese of Mississippi ; and this was done 
unanimously. That Diocese at once formally expressed its 
entire confidence in Dr. Hawks ; but he now declined accepting 
the appointment. He felt that he stood before the Church 
publicly acquitted of the charges brought against him, and 


with this he was content. This entire affair, as it was one of 
the most remarkable passages in his whole life, so it revealed 
all the strong points and peculiarities of this wonderful man. 

In 1844, he removed to New Orleans, and became Rector of 
Christ Church in that city ; and this position he occupied for 
five years. During his residence in New Orleans, the University 
of Louisiana was established in that city, and he was elected 
its first President. The Institution rose rapidly in influence, 
and soon numbered an able corps of Professors and a large body 
of students. 

But New York City was the place for Dr. Hawks, and to it 
he gravitated as readily as the needle to its pole. In 1849, the 
Church of the Mediator being vacant, its Rectorship was offered 
to him, which he accepted ; and soon after, the Parish being 
merged in the Parish of Calvary Church, he became Rector of 
Calvary Church, and so continued until the year 1862. This 
Parish, at the time he entered upon his duties, was deeply 
involved in debt ; the Church was in danger of being sold ; and 
there were, besides, certain old pecuniary personal obligations 
connected with St. Thomas' Hall, which he had never been able 
to cancel. His friends and admirers at once removed both 
these difficulties, at an expenditure of about $30,000, and also 
settled upon him a salary that relieved him from all worldly 

Here, once more at home, and at work, he entered upon a 
career of great activity and usefulness. Besides his duties in 
the pulpit, for which the listener would suppose he had done 
nothing else in the previous week than prepare, his time, and 


labor, and influence, were freely devoted to the demands which 
various public bodies constantly made upon him. The His- 
torical, Ethnological, and Geographical Societies found in him 
a constant supporter and counsellor ; and not a few of his 
noblest efforts were called forth at the meetings of these and 
similar Associations. The multitude and the variety of objects 
and interests in which his advice was sought, and his assistance 
solicited, would seem almost incredible to one who knew 
nothing of the man, and nothing of the cosmopolitan character 
of the city, the great centre of the New World, not only in its 
Commerce and Finance, but in Art, Science, Literature, and 
organic Charities. 

In 1852, he was elected to the Episcopate of Ehode Island ; 
and at the same time he was invited to the Eectorship of Grace 
Church, Providence. This double duty seemed to Dr. Hawks 
so utterly impracticable, that he was unwilling to assume it, 
and he declined the appointment. This was the third time the 
Episcopate was formally offered to him ; an Office which he 
never sought, certainly not for its own sake. The election at 
the present time could not but have been gratifying to Dr. 
Hawks, as it was a proof that he stood before the Church, free 
from the imputations formerly cast upon him. 

In 1859, he was invited to the Chair of Professor of History 
in the University of North Carolina, his Alma Mater, and his 
acceptance was strongly urged ; but the appointment he chose 
to decline. It was from this Institution that he received the 
Honorary Degrees, of Doctor in Divinity, and also Doctor 
of Laws. 


Another important epoch in his life was now approaching. 
The Civil War of 1861-5 had already been heard in the mutter- 
ing notes of its preparation. They have studied the philosophy 
of History to little purpose, who have not learned that the pri- 
mary causes of such a great struggle are not to be mistaken for, 
or confounded with, the special occasion which developes it. 
Without denning, much less discussing, Dr. Hawks' private 
views on certain great social and political questions then agi- 
tating the country, it is enough to say, that he did not believe 
that all the responsibility and guilt of that awful convul- 
sion are to be charged upon the South. And when the 
terrible storm burst upon the country, and it became a Sec- 
tional War, the North and the South arrayed in arms against 
each other, he did not forget the land of his birth, the grave of 
his mother, the kindred and friends, whose happy peaceful 
homes were so soon to feel the fury and devastation which 
were poured out upon them. He was not a man to contem- 
plate such a prospect unmoved. In his Parish Church, and 
among his admiring and devoted congregation, were men who 
were his peers in solid learning, and who, in their several spheres 
of Jurisprudence, and as pleaders at the Bar, have a national 
reputation. They had been attracted to his ministrations, 
because they knew how to distinguish between noisy bombast 
and genuine eloquence, between pulpit demagogism and the 
Faith of Christ as addressed to the living men and living ques- 
tions of the age. Besides, Dr. Hawks was every inch a man, in 
the pulpit, as well as out of it : and they were capable of 
appreciating him. But they differed from him utterly, in their 



conceptions of the great struggle which now convulsed the 
nation from its centre to its circumference. A time had now 
come to draw lines distinctly, and every man, whatever might 
be his private opinions upon this point, that, or the other, 
was compelled to take his position. We need not lift the cur- 
tain further ; nor, indeed, would there he aught else to be dis- 
closed. There was no open rupture, no violation of the 
courtesy which belongs to Christian gentlemen. Dr. Hawks 
voluntarily resigned the Kectorship of Calvary Parish in 1862, 
and removed to Baltimore, where he became Eector of Christ 
Parish in that city. 

He did not, however, remain long in Baltimore. Early in 
1865, his friends in New York City invited him to return, and 
he accepted the invitatioD. A congregation was at once gath- 
ered, which met for Worship in the Chapel of the University, 
and the Parish of the Chapel of our Saviour was admitted 
into union with the Convention, on the very day that his death 
was announced. Preparations had been made for the erection 
of a new Church, and the Corner Stone was laid at the site on 
Twenty-fifth Street, by Dr. Hawks, on the morning of Sept. 
4th, 1866. He was then in a condition of great physical weak- 
ness. All were impressed and alarmed by his changed appear- 
ance. He knelt to pronounce the solemn words, and as his 
countenance, full of meaning, was lifted towards Heaven, and 
he uttered the sacred Name of the Triune God, Father, Son, 
and Holt Ghost, and invoked His Blessing on the work then 
begun, the scene was one of indescribable solemnity and heav- 
enly beauty. In a few words, which started tears from every 


eye, he thanked his Reverend Brethren and his friends for their 
presence on this solemn occasion, and said he fervently hoped, 
when they should all stand before the Judgment seat, they 
would be rewarded many fold for their work that day. 

This was the last public official act of Feancis L. Hawks. 

Among the important public movements which engaged Dr. 
Hawks' attention during the latter months of his life, was the 
organization of a Parish in New York City, under the name 
of Iglesia de Santiago, and composed of persons speaking 
the Spanish language. This Parish was to have been admit- 
ted to union with the Convention at its last meeting, but by 
some neglect, the papers, though duly prepared, were not pre- 
sented. This enterprise was conducted at every step under 
the guidance of Dr. Hawks, who occasionally officiated for the 
congregation in the Service, being able to speak that language. 
As these people are nearly all Romanists by birth, Baptism 
and education, but are intensely dissatisfied with the whole 
Modern Roman System, whose corruptions and abominations 
they thoroughly understand, Dr. Hawks regarded this move- 
ment as one of the most promising in its beneficial and far- 
reaching influences, of any that he had ever been called to 

His public instructions from the pulpit during the last years 
of his Ministry, were specially adapted to the peculiar neces- 
sities of the times. His eagle eye saw distinctly, in their every 
phase and shape, the drift and tendency of the popular mind. 
His course of Lectures during the last Lenten Season, was 
devoted to a presentation of the Faith of the Reformed Cath- 


olio Chnrch, as distinguished from the Corruptions of Modern 
Rome ; and every one of these Lectures was worthy of publi- 
cation, and should be scattered broad-cast over the land, in 
these days of Jesuit cunning and intrigue. And the last Ser- 
mon which he preached to his congregation, just before the 
Summer vacation, was a defense of God's Revealed Word, 
against the attacks of Infidelity, under the guise of Modern 
Science, whose shallow arguments, and transparent sophistry, 
and miserable delusion, he exposed with a thoroughness and 
demonstrative power which were irresistible ; and which 
showed that he was a thorough master" of the subject. He 
had, also, in course of preparation, a series of Lectures on the 
relations of Modern Science to Revelation ; a subject on which 
he thought the public mind was in great need of direction. 

Such a record of the life of Dr. Hawks, so busied, so dis- 
tracted, so harassed with troubles, cares and anxieties, imper- 
fect as our delineation is, would seem to have left him no time 
for literary and scientific pursuits. Yet the following list of 
his works, of which he was either author or editor, will show 
that, in this respect also, he was one of the most remarkable 
men of his age and times. 

" Reports of Cases adjudged in the Supreme Court of North 
Carolina, 1820-26," (4 vols., 8vo., Raleigh, 1823-8) ; " Digest 
of all the Cases Decided and Reported in North Carolina ;" 
" Contributions to the Ecclesiastical History of the United 
States," (2 vols., 8vo., embracing Virginia and Maryland : New 
York, 1836-39) ; " Commentary on the Constitution and 
Canons of the Prot. Epis. Church in the U. States," (1841, 


Svo.) ; "Egypt and its Monuments," (8vo., ]849) ; "Auricu- 
lar Confession in the Protestant Episcopal Church/' (12mo., 
1840). Dr. Hawks translated Rivero and Tschudi's "Anti- 
quities of Peru/' (1854), and edited the " Official and other 
State Papers of the late Major General Alexander Hamilton," 
(2vo., 1842) ; " The Romance of Biography, illustrated in the 
Lives of Historic Personages, edited by F. L. Hawks, in 12 
vols. ;" " Narrative of Commodore Perry's Expedition to the 
China Seas and Japan, in 1852-54, compiled from Perry's 
original Notes and Journal, by F. L. Hawks, 1856, 8vo. and 
4to." He edited several volumes of Natural History and Amer- 
ican Annals, published in Harper's Boys' and Girls' Library, 
entitled " Uncle Philip's Conversations ;" " The Cyclopaedia of 
Biography, based upon Griffin's Cyclopaedia of Biography, 
American edition, edited by F. L. Hawks, 1856, royal 8vo. ;" 
"Physical Geography of the United States," announced in 
1859 ; " History of North Carolina, one volume, 1857, Svo. ;" 
" Documentary History of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States of America, containing numerous hitherto 
unpublished Documents concerning the Church in Connecticut. 
Vols. I and II. Francis L. Hawks, D. D., LL. D., and Wil- 
liam Stevens Perry, A. M., Editors. New York: 1863-4. 
8vo." " Household Prayers, for Four Weeks ; with Additional 
Prayers for Special Occasions. To which is appended a Course 
of Scripture Reading for every day in the year. By Rev. J. 
E. Riddle, M. A. Revised, with additions and slight altera- 
tions, by a Presbyter of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 
New York : 1866. 12mo." " The English Language. Ele- 


mentary Instruction. Number One. By Francis L. Hawks. 
New York : 1866. 12mo." 

Dr. Hawks, as stated in the above narrative, edited and 
conducted the New York Beview and the Church Record; he 
was a frequent contributor to various Periodicals, and his 
Addresses before Literary and Scientific Societies, and on pub- 
lic occasions, were numerous, and were among his best efforts. 
He was also engaged for several years in preparing a work on 
the Monuments of Central and Western America, a subject 
of great interest and importance, in the evidence there fur- 
nished of the high degree of Civilization that had been reached 
on this Western Continent, before the period of Spanish dis- 
covery and conquest. 

This list, and we can do no more than give it, presents, at a 
glance, abundant proof both of the untiring industry and the 
varied attainments of Dr. Hawks. If it be said, that he 
lacked in depth and precision of knowledge in any one of these 
various departments, we reply, he studied them sufficiently for 
all the ends to which he wished to apply them ; he was no 
charlatan, and he was too good a logician not to be sure of the 
ground which he had once taken. 

Nearly all the points in the character of Dr. Hawks have 
been made to appear in what has already been written. We 
will, however, distinguish a few particulars. 

Dr. Hawks was remarkable as a Conversationalist. Indeed, 
he was one of the very best of talkers. Not all great men, 
and learned men, and brilliant men, excel in the private circle. 
Not a few of them, even of those whose names are luminous 


on the records of literature and science, whose pens have been 
wielded with almost magic power, have yet been silent or 
reserved when in society. But Dr. Hawks, by his varied 
knowledge, his wide course of reading, his ready wit, his quick- 
ness at repartee, his retentive memory, the clearness and dis- 
tinctness of feature with which he stamped the creations of 
his imagination, his exhaustless flow of language, and the 
musical, clear-ringing tones of his voice, — with all these at 
his command, was fitted to be one of the most engaging 
of companions, and the life of the social circle. None could 
have met him, even casually, without being impressed with 
his fascinating power in this respect ;' but it was only those 
who were familiar with him at hours when the labors and 
cares of the day were thrown aside, and when wit, and fancy, 
and imagination, and intellect, had full play, who knew the 
wonderful charm of his power as a talker. He did not vati- 
cinate like Coleridge, nor dogmatize like Dr. Johnson, nor 
had he the idiosyncrasies of Charles Lamb or of Sydney Smith ; 
but some of the most splendid creations of his genius, and 
the profoundest deductions of his reason, touching almost 
every possible subject, and especially the topics and questions 
of the day and hour, were thrown out at such times. An 
attempt was once made to preserve these Noctes Ambrosianas ; 
but there is a sparkle in such wit, a magic of tone and man- 
ner, which cannot be reproduced, and the effort was abandoned. 
As a Churchman, he belonged to that class of men who 
have always given a predominant character to the American 
Church ; a school which is wide enough, and Catholic enough, 


to embrace the names of White, and Ravenscroft, and Hobart. 
Educated, in part, under Bishop Ravenscroft, that great and 
good Prelate, to whom the American Church owes a large 
debt, confirmed and ordained by him, he always spoke of him 
with filial affection and veneration, and learned his early 
Churchmanship under such a master. He abhorred extremes 
in each opposite direction ; and had little patience with the 
men who seemed to lower the Church to a level with either 
Romanism on the one hand, or Sectism on the other. He 
believed in the Reformed Church of England, and in our own, 
with all the warmth and devotion of his whole nature ; in their 
Organization, Ministry, Faith, Worship, and Articles. He 
knew, with all the certainty of his acute, well-trained intellect, 
that they are Scriptural, Apostolic, and Catholic. He scorned 
treachery, and he abominated everything like trifling, either in 
thought, word, or deed, with the deep mysteries and blood- 
buught treasures of Christ's Mystical Body. Dr. Hawks, on 
one occasion, published his own views of what constitutes true 
and sound Churchmanship. He said : — " With Low Church- 
men, as a party, we have not, and never had, any communi- 
cation or sympathy." He then made the following quotation 
from Bishop Ravenscroft : — 

" On the Doctrines of the Cross, then, lie takes his stand, endeavor- 
ing to preach them in the simplicity and sincerity of a heart that feels 
them, and with the earnestness of a man who wishes to save his own 
soul and the souls of others." What are these doctrines 1 " The en- 
tire spiritual death and alienation of man from God, by the entertain- 
ment of sin ; the reconciliation of God to the world, by the sufferings 
and Death of His only begotten Son ; the Atonement of His Blood ; 


Justification by Faith ; acceptance through the merits of the Saviour ; 
conversion of the heart to God ; holiness of life, the only evidence of 
it; and the Grace of God in the renewal of the Holy Ghost, the sole 
agent, from first to last, in working out our salvation from sin here, 
and from hell hereafter. In fewer words, Salvation by Grace, through 
faith, not of works, lest any man should boast. 

"But with these vital and heaven-blessed doctrines, other points of 
edification recpuire attention ; particularly that of the distinctive char- 
acter of the Church. On this, a most lamentable ignorance prevails ; 
and to permit this ignorance to continue, undisturbed, is to be false to 
Ordination Vows, to acknowledged principles, to the interests of the 
Church, and to the souls committed to the Pastor's care." 

Dr. Hawks then adds, "This is an outline of the High 
Church principles which we avow. We learned them many 
years ago, in an unexceptionable school, before some, who would 
now dictate and anathematize, knew what the Church 
meant. To the maintenance of these principles we have con- 
secrated, for more than half our life, all we had ; for these be 
the principles, expressed in the words of our good old father, 
and teacher, and friend, Bishop Eavenscroft. It was in his 
school we learned our Churchmanship, and we think that 
the Church, at this day, cannot afford us any wiser or more 
honest teacher." 

Concerning Bishop Hobart, Dr. Hawks wrote and published : 
"He did more than any man of his clay, to make known, 
defend, and establish, what we believe to be true views of the 
nature, and constitution, of the Christian Ministry. To his 
labors, we religiously believe, is it chiefly owing, that, at this 
day, Episcopacy is so firmly fixed in the affections of the Clergy 
of our Communion." 


At the time that the influence of what was known as the 
Oxford Tract movement began to be felt in this country, and 
especially when that movement culminated in Tract Ninety, 
Dr. Hawks, in the Church Record, of which he was Editor, 
set himself to oppose a course of reasoning, which he believed 
to be disingenuous and treacherous ; and, for the time being, he 
was ranked with men with whose Ecclesiastical views he had 
no sympathy. It was at this time that Dr. Hawks, in com- 
mon with Dr. Jarvis, and others of the most learned Divines 
of the Church, published his work on Auricular Confession, 
and other controversial points of that day ; and he lived to 
see the day when most of those who had denounced him as 
" no Churchman," were fulfilling his prediction, and were open 
apostates from that Faith and that Church which they had 
already betrayed ; while some, from whom he had temporarily 
differed as to the proper policy on the Oxford Tract movement, 
and on some local and personal questions, became, near the 
close of his life, among his truest and latest, as they had been 
among his earliest friends. 

If we were to speak critically of Dr. Hawks, as a teacher 
of Christian Theology, we should say, that there was the 
same characteristic in him, which belongs to the great mass, 
even of the very best and soundest Anglican Divines ; to wit, 
a looking to Christ too exclusively as a Saviour, rather than 
as also a Life-giver ; and that this view threw its influence 
over all his conceptions of the office and work of the Church. 
This feature of modern English Theology has its historical 
and philosophical explanation. It will be unlearned, as 


Churchmen catch their type of Churchmanship more directly 
from Scriptural and primitive teaching and example. Per- 
haps, also, Dr. Hawks appreciated too slightly that power of 
adaptation, by which alone the Church, in her modes and 
methods of working, can reach, and gain, and save, the vast 
multitudes of the people, in any and every age of the world. 

It is due to Dr. Hawks to say, that in his later years, he 
modified somewhat his views of the true methods of the cul- 
ture and growth of the Christian Life. He saw the indisso- 
luble connection between Form and Spirit, Body and Soul, 
and this, from the very nature of man, and by God's own 
appointment. Hence he saw, also, the necessity, and especially 
in these our days, of holding and teaching, not" merely Christ 
and the Church, but Christ in the Church. His convictions 
on this point, in his last sickness, were expressed with an ear- 
nestness and an emphasis which will never be forgotten. It is 
proper also to record, that he felt and acknowledged the im- 
portance of the Weekly Communion, as in the Scriptural and 
Primitive Church ; and that he declared his determination to 
return to such a practice in the administration of his new Par- 
ish of the Chapel of our Saviour. 

As a Pastor, it will not be claimed that he was so generally 
known, as in other fields of Ministerial labor. We do not 
mean, that he undervalued the Pastoral Office, or that he was 
incapable of discharging these important specific duties. On 
the contrary, he read human nature at a glance, and he was 
'quick to discern the sources of doubt and difficulty. And a 
warmer, tenderer heart, or a more sympathizing nature, never 


dwelt in the bosom of imperfect man. In the chamber of the 
sick, in comforting the mourning, in guiding the enquiring, 
multitudes will remember how gentle and faithful he was in 
such ministrations of mercy. But his engrossing public labors 
. so occupied his time and care, that he could know little of the 
inner life, the secret spiritual wants of the individual mem- 
bers of his flock. May we not say, that the practical recogni- 
tion of the Pastoral relation is, in these busy days, in great 
danger of being lost sight of, on the part of the Clergy ? 

As a Preacher and Orator, Dr. Hawks possessed all the 
qualifications of great eminence. His perfect self-possession 
and commanding presence, and that sort of power in reserve, 
which the really great orator always exhibits, inspired, in the 
outset, respect and confidence. His legal studies, and long 
training at the Bar, had taught him method, and the use of 
argument, clearness of arrangement and precision of language. 
His vivid imagination, and his wide course of reading, enabled 
him to throw the charm of metaphor and beautiful illustration 
around the dryest and most abstruse point of doctrine. His 
earnestness and directness of appeal, aroused the intellect, and 
unsealed the fountains of the heart. And, at times, his out- 
burst of genuine feeling, always measured by the greatness of 
his theme, and rising with the grandeur of his subject, carried 
with him the convictions, and prejudices, and sympathies of 
his audience. With all these, the full, deep, rich tones of his 
musical voice, with its distinct. articulations and graceful mod- 
ulations, possessed a melody and a power beyond that of any 
other voice we ever heard. Dr. Hawks was a wonderful orator. 


On one occasion, in General Convention, composed of men not 
easily moved, when he made one of his greatest efforts — it was 
a speech in defense of himself — so completely did he sweep 
away from before him every charge, every suspicion, and carry 
with him the judgments and sympathies of his audience, that 
a member rose, and moved an adjournment of the House before 
a vote should be taken ; for he said its members were in no con- 
dition to vote calmly and deliberately. And yet, with all Dr. 
Hawks' transcendent gifts as a Pulpit Orator, there was nothing 
of the theatric tricks of a mere declaimer and performer ; there 
was no stamping, and startling, and attitudinizing, and screech- 
ing ; nothing that was artificial, and which the sharpest critic 
could say was done for mere effect. He was too great and 
true a man for this. He was thoroughly simple, and perfectly 
natural ; and yet he stood deservedly among the very first of 
the few really great preachers of the American Church, and he 
will hold a high rank among the distinguished Orators of his 

There is one gift which has been publicly attributed to Dr. 
Hawks, concerning which something should be said. It has 
been reported, that, with all his other rare qualities, he was 
also a Poet. If by this it is claimed, that he was endowed 
with what, in the truest sense, is termed Poetic Genius, we 
should hesitate to accord him such a distinction. It is only 
at rare intervals, that a brilliant star of this class flashes across 
the heavens ; and the age, we fear, is growing too empirical 
and materialistic to permit us to look for exhibitions of this 
kind. Genius, as distinguished from talent, Dr. Hawks did 


undoubtedly possess, and in a high degree. The gift of Poetry, 
and the gift of Oratory, are, both — Cicero to the contrary 
notwithstanding — when seen in their most perfect forms, nat- 
ural endowments. The latter quality, as we have already said, 
belonged to Dr. Hawks. 

But if by a Poet is meant one who has great facility in using 
language according to certain rules of measure and rhythm, of 
this sort of power Dr. Hawks was, or might have become, an 
acknowledged master ; and of this kind of composition he left 
specimens enough to show that with his command of words, 
and brilliant imagination, and lively fancy, and severe taste, he 
might have surpassed in excellence most of those who write 
what is called Poetry, and which the public accepts as such. 
Those simple Ballads, " The Blind Boy," " The Little Boy 
who Prayed," " The Little Sunday School Girl," are each 
marked by such felicity of expression, and true touches of 
nature, and tenderness of sentiment, that we feel that the 
pen capable of inditing them, might have reached almost any 
measure of excellence in this sort of composition. 

In this connection, there is one passage in his life of such 
exquisite beauty, that we cannot pass it by unnoticed. It was 
at an early period in his history, or about the time when he 
took Holy Orders in the Church, that his attention was arrest- 
ed by some of those poetic gems which occasionally dropped 
from the pen of Mr. N. P. Willis. Dr. Hawks inscribed and 
sent to the Boston bard the following lines, which we now give, 
as also Mr. Willis' reply, neither of which has before been pub- 
lished. The brief interval between the deaths of these two men. 


imparts a deep and special interest to the words of both ; and 
especially is it a pleasing thought, that Mr. Willis, in the latter 
years of his life, though born and educated a Congregationalist, 
became a Communicant of the Church, and warmly attached 
to her Services, and devoted to her interests.* Surely we may 
believe that they, whose acquaintance began under such pecu- 
liar circumstances, being redeemed by Christ's Death and 
Resurrection, made members of His mystical Body, and washed 
in the Fountain of His most Blessed Blood, are both united 
now, in tuning their golden harps, and mingling their songs 
together, around His Throne, 

" Amid the mighty Orchestra of Heaven." 


I know thee not, 
And yet I feel, as if I knew thee well : — 
The lofty breathings of thy tuneful lyre 
Have floated round me ; and its witching notes, 
With all thy bright and bold imaginings, 
Stealing and winding round my inmost soul, 
Have touched with gentlest sweep its trembling chords, 
And waked a thrill responsive to thy melody. 
Therefore it is, I know thee ; and I fain 
Would proudly hail thee Brother, if I dared. 
Co- worshippers, indeed, I know we are, 
Kneeling in homage at the Muse's shrine ; 
But thine is a devotion so surpassing, 
And thou hast so imnibed the very soul of Poetry, 
Making so sweetly blend and harmonize 

*Mr. Willis died at his residence, at Idlewild, on the Hudson, Jan. 20th, at the 
age of 60 years. The Burial Services were performed Jan. 24th, in St. Paul's 
Church, Boston, Mass. 


All that is bright, and beautiful, and tender 
In thine offerings, that I, methinks, should 
Turn away, and on the willows, pensive 
Hang my tuneless Harp. 

I worship at another Shrine, 
The Shrine of Him Who true repentance loves ; 
And so, perchance, may'st thou — I cannot tell : — 
If so, we too may meet in other worlds, 
And there (for naught but harmony is breathed 
In Heaven) may mingle strains alike melodious, 
And, unlike those which we have mingled here, 
Bearing, with kindred soul, our happy part, 
Amid the mighty Orchestra of Heaven. 
Till then — Farewell, F. L. Hawks. 


As men may meet, we have not met ; 

We're strangers, save in name alone. 
I know no look of thine — but yet, 
I could not, if I would, forget 

How well I love thy minstrel tone. 

And wouldst thou call me Brother 1 Death 

Has breathed upon the only one 
I ever loved ; his parting breath 
Went by, like that which withereth ; 
I caught it, but was left alone. 

My spirit lingereth round his rest ; 

Communion else I have not ; Earth 
Is but to me a wave at best. 
And Hope the foam upon its crest, 

As transient as 'tis little worth. 

I thought the only one like me 

Was in that grave — yet surely thou 

Resemblest him whose wing is free ; 

And God hath given back in thee, 

The spirit which He claimed but now. 


I know it will not be our lot 

To meet on Earth — 'twere too like Heaven 

To love and be divided not — 

Earth's ties are broken and forgot, 

Their history — " They were — are riven." 

" We are co-worshippers." I bow 

Like thee to Jesus and His Word. 
My lip hath breath'd the sacred vow, — 
Baptismal drops have bath'd my brow, — 

I've said that I would serve my Lord. 

I know I love my lyre well ; 

I know thou lovest thine — my knee 
Hath bow'd too oft to lyric spell — 
Thou know'st it. Farewell, Farewell ; 

We meet, where love and Lyre are free. 

N. P. Willis. 

The death of Dr. Hawks, and to that final event we now 
come, was a scene rich in all the associations which ever attend 
the dying bed of a Saint. In the Narrative from the pen of 
the Rt. Rev. Bishop Green, allusion was made to the hasty, 
turbulent temper of Dr. Hawks, in his early life. All this was 
now gone. The stormy muttering cloud, which sometimes 
hung in the horizon, is dissipated ; and there is felt the soft 
breath of calm and tranquil repose, and of perfect peace ; even 
as the golden tints, the glow and effulgence of an autumnal 
setting day seem to reflect the light and glories of Heaven. 
And so, his sun went down ; to fade away, and be swallowed 
up in the brightness of an unending day. That " City had 
no need of the sun, neither of the moon to shine in it, for the 
glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof." 
The Holy Ghost the Sanctifier, and the Providence of God, 



had both done their work in training this manly spirit for 
another, brighter, and purer state of being. Humble now as a 
little child, submitting without a murmur to his sufferings, 
bowing sweetly to God's will in thus suddenly and unexpect- 
edly interrupting his prospects, he received with tender and 
grateful consideration all those little kindnesses, with which 
deep affection ministers to the sick and the dying. Not long 
before his death, he partook, with great devotion of manner, of 
the Blessed Sacrament. He exhorted his friends to " cling 
closely to Christ, and live nearer to Him ;" and he bade them, 
as his dying counsel, to adhere with unswerving fidelity to 
" the Church of the living God, the Pillar and Ground of the 
Truth." And thus at last, peacefully, and as if sinking into a 
sweet slumber, he fell asleep in Jesus. He died on Wednes- 
day, Sept. 26, 1866. 

That scene at the death-bed of Dr. Hawks, so calm and 
peaceful, was in itself a sermon more eloquent than he ever 
delivered in the meridian splendor of his best powers. His last 
sermon, as we have said before, to his congregation, was a refu- 
tation of that specious Infidelity of our day, which seeks to 
undermine the Revelation of the Gospel of Christ, by the pre- 
tended discoveries of Modern Science ; which is trying, in some 
way, to get rid of the Unity of the Race, the Fall of Man, and 
his recovery by the Gospel of Christ. Compare the closing 
hours of such a man as Dr. Hawks, — and Church History is 
full of such illustrations, — with the death-bed scene of one of 
these Apostles of Modern Infidelity ; such a man, for instance, 
as Henry Thomas Buckle, who spent his whole life in endeavor- 


ing to undermine and write down Christianity. Try the Two 
Systems by this test. See which will bear the ordeal of that 
honest hour. See which will then meet the wants, and answer 
the deep questionings, of the undying spirit. It is a fair test. 
Man, at that crisis in his history, sees and feels that he is a 
sinner. It is not a dream, or a delusion, but a fact which he 
must meet. How an infinitely Holy and Just God can over- 
look transgression, and yet vindicate His Government, is a 
question which Reason and Philosophy never have solved, and 
never can solve. Atheism, or the Cross as presented in Reve- 
lation, is at that hour the only alternative. Mr. Buckle, if he 
did not die amid the tragic horrors which attended upon the 
death-beds of Voltaire and Paine, was yet an object of com- 
passion. Finding himself in the immediate presence of that 
God Whose Word and authority he had scorned and defied, 
with the unseen world and all its realities just before him, ap- 
palled at the retrospect of the past, and the prospect of the 
future, he exclaimed, ' Oh, I am going mad !' His friend, 
who was with him at that hour, writes : '■ His incoherent ut- 
terances were most painful to listen to ; in the midst of all, ex- 
claiming, ' my book, my book ! I shall never finish my 
book !' and after running on quite incoherently, crying, ' I 
know I am talking nonsense, but I cannot help it !' and burst 
into tears. Four days afterwards he was attacked by typhus 
fever, and after a three days' stupor, died." Let the men of 
learning and genius in our day, who are scoffing at the Faith 
and Church of Christ, and who are proposing New Creeds to 
the simple hearted, and who are striving in every way to hold 


themselves up before the public as the representatives of Mod- 
ern Civilization, let them gather around the dying beds of 
these two representative men, and there let them learn a lesson 
for themselves, and for the times in which we live. 

There was one marked feature of Dr. Hawks' character 
exhibited in his last sickness, not hitherto alluded to. Again 
and again he pointed the weeping and beloved friends, who 
gathered about him, to the Cross of Christ. This was his 
great theme, in his life and in his death. To that and that 
alone, he trusted for acceptance at the Bar of God. His clear 
logical mind, and the conscious intuitions of his own heart, had 
taught him, that that which was a stumbling block to the 
Pharisaic Jew, and foolishness to the Philosophic Greek, was 
yet the foundation Stone of all true Christian Theology. 
He knew that the world hates the Cross now, as bitterly as it 
hated it of old ; and in every way tries to ignore it. And he 
knew that Christ, the Prophet, Priest and King, is still the 
Power of God and the Wisdom of God. And so, over his life- 
less remains, there was sung that beautiful Hymn (the Sixty- 
second) which he loved so well, and to which so many of the 
greatest Divines of the Church have turned in their last 
moments : 

" When I survey the wondrous Cross." 
In the efficacy of that Cross, he beheld a fountain to wash 
away his sins ; in its tragedy, he saw a love and wisdom before 
which he bowed with the affectionate confidence of a little 
child ; and in its purchased Gifts, he discerned the only hope 
for a disordered and suffering Humanity. 


His Funeral was a fitting tribute to his memory. It was 
appointed at Calvary Church, on the afternoon of Saturday, 
Sept. 29th. The Rt. Rev. Bishops Potter of New York, Lay 
of Arkansas, Talbot of Indiana and Quintard of Tennessee, and 
between one and two hundred of the other Clergy of the city 
and surrounding country, attended the remains from the house 
of the deceased to the Church, where a multitude had gathered 
within and without its spacious courts. The simple, solemn, 
impressive Services were over, and crowds lingered long at the 
porch, to catch one more last look of the noble countenance of 
this great Master in Israel. 

The Clergy, assembled at his Burial, passed an appropriate 
token of respect in the form of Resolutions ; and the Vestry of 
the Chapel of the Holy Saviour gave expression to their deep 
sense of bereavement in his death, and their affectionate ven- 
eration for his memory. 





Hall of the N. Y. Historical Society, Nov. 6th, 1866, after the Preamble 
and Resolutions relating to the decease of Dr. Hawks had been read. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

It unexpectedly devolves upon me to break the silence which 
follows the announcement of these impressive Resolutions. I 
am totally unprepared to speak upon them with effect, or in 
anywise to do them justice, being myself only a delinquent 
member of this body, and on that account, if no other, unfit to 
dwell upon the character of one who will always be cherished, 
as one of its most useful and eminent members. But, sir, I do 
from the heart accord in the spirit of these Resolutions, and 
condole with this Society, in what may be regarded as, almost, 
an irreparable loss. 

It is true of every great man, that he will be remembered 
and admired by his friends from different angles of observation. 
Some will recall him under one aspect, and some under an- 
other ; — for a truly great man, like a towering field of ice in 



Northern seas, offers many sides to the eye of the observer, 
many planes of excellence, many brilliant and dazzling points 
of individual superiority. And I think it may be said of the 
distinguished man whose memory we would honor in a special 
manner this evening, that he was great in more things than one. 

In truth, sir, he was great in natural endowments — positive- 
ly great, upon various paths of intellectual effort. He was 
great in his mould as a man — and great in his culture and 
equipment as a man of action, of influence, of power. Sir, we 
who knew something of him while he was living, cannot deny, 
now that he is dead, his splendid accomplishments. 

He was a Scholar of solid and diverse acquisitions ; a Teach- 
er inc jmparable in his simple and luminous exposition of truth, 
whether recondite or elementary. He was a Lawyer of no 
mean quality ; a Theologian far above the average of cotempo- 
rary Divines ; a Pulpit Orator almost without a peer ; a Poet 
of much sweetness and pathos ; a Canonist of unquestioned au- 
thority ; an Ecclesiastical Historian, whose contributions are 
among the richest treasures of the Church ; while these Eeso- 
lutions testify to the value of his services in this Society, and 
his devotion to Secular History. He was, moreover, an Ethnolo- 
gist, whose place, as our excellent Secretary informs me, cannot 
be easily supplied ; a Philologist whose latest and ripest years 
were largely given to the study of Languages ; nay, more, to the 
compilation of simple rudimentary Manuals for the young. 

Aside from all this, — and, sir, I have by no means mentioned 
all the departments of elegant Scholarship, in which he main- 
tained an honorable record — aside from all this, he was a 


magnificent leader of public Assemblies ; as a debater, affluent, 
logical, convincing, lending to every topic, and to every doubtful, 
intricate question, an accuracy of statement and a splendor of 
eloquence which were well nigh irresistible ; while in private 
life and intercourse, I do not think he has left behind him one 
who could equal him in those special qualities which fascinate 
and enthral. He was not fond of what is called general 
society, and was seldom seen at public entertainments ; but he 
was an admirable Conversationist, and when in the mood, talked 
like a man inspired. 

Such a man deserves posthumous honors. The moment he 
dies and recedes from view, his worth and positive renown 
should secure for him the most generous consideration, disarm- 
ing prejudice, and modulating the voice of censure. As is well 
known to you, sir, Dr. Hawks, in certain respects, passed an 
eventful and a trying life. Firm, self-poised, and strong, both 
in feeling and purpose, few men of his temperament have been 
put to such tests. The times in which he lived were well cal- 
culated to bring out his infirmities, as well as his excellencies ; 
the glories as well as the defects of his character. But here, to- 
night, I trust, sir, we are not disposed to be critical. We are 
not searching for motes. We judge him, and we recall him, 
and we speak of him tenderly and lovingly, as one just departed 
from the Kepublic of Letters ; as one gone from our intellectual 
circle and communion ! What he did, or failed to do, in finan- 
cial, or political straits, is something we need not consider. 
What was he, as a Man, — as a man of culture and mental 
power ? What was he, in those rare endowments and qualities 


which made him illustrious, both as a Scholar and a Divine ? 
I do not hesitate to say, sir, that Dr. Hawks is to he ranked 
among the foremost men of his generation, if not of his 
century. Upon his path, and in his profession, very few 
equalled him. I do not say that he was the most erudite or 
profound in Scholarship, or the most rich and varied in sacred 
studies ; hut whatever he touched, he adorned ; whatever he 
attempted, he mastered. He never opened his lips, hut honey 
flowed forth. Ah ! sir, of that voice, of that harmonious, 
flowing eloquence, it may be said, as Tacitus said of an ad- 
mired orator in his day, " cum ipso extinctum est." 

Permit me, barely to add, what is not, I trust, out of har- 
mony with the associations of this place, that in his vocation 
as a Minister of the Gospel, Dr. Hawks knew and preached but 
one thing, the Cross of His Master, the Atoning Lamb of God. 
All his splendid gifts were made subsidiary to this golden 
theme. Many years ago, a friend was complimenting him upon 
his growing fame, as a literary man. " Ah ! sir," rejoined the 
Doctor, " I should find more joy in the fact that I had been 
the means of saving one soul, than in all the reputation this 
world could heap upon me." 


The following Besolutions were adopted, by the bodies herein- 
after named, on occasion of the Death of the 


The Convention of the Diocese of New York, being then 
in Session, September 27, 1866, 

The Rev. Dr. Higbee, from the Special Committee on pre- 
paring a suitable expression of the feelings of this Convention 
respecting the death of the Rev. Dr. Hawks, reported the fol- 
lowing Resolutions, and recommended their adoption by the 

Resolved, That this Convention have heard with deep grief of the 
death, this morning, of the Rev. Dr. Hawks ; long a member of this 
body, and its chosen Deputy to the General Convention; and they 
desire to record their affection and respect for his distinguished name 
and character. 

Resolved, That we will attend the funeral of our deceased brother, 
as a mark of grateful reverence for his memory, and of our profound 
sorrow for the loss which the Church suffers by his death. 

These Resolutions were adopted. 

On motion of the Rev. Dr. Eigenbrodt, it was 

Resolved, That a copy of these Resolutions be sent to the family 
of the Rev. Dr. Hawks, with the expression of our respectful sym- 
pathy with them in their great bereavement. 


After the Funeral, the Clergy having a&sernbled, — the Et. 
Rev. Bishop in the chair, — the following Preamble and Reso- 
lutions were unanimously adopted : — " 

58 East 22d Street, ) 

New York, September 20th, 1S66. ) 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God, in His wise Providence to 
take out of this world the soul of our deceased brother, the Rev. 
Dr. Hawks, his Clerical brethren, here assembled to pay then- 
last tribute of respect, desire to record their deep sense of the loss 
sustained by themselves, the Diocese, and the Church at large : 

Resolved, That in Dr. Hawks we recognize the natural and per- 
suasive Orator, the eminent Canonist, the logical and soul-stirring 
Debater, the generous Opponent, the kind Friend, and the cultivated 

Resolved, That emphatic as was Dr. Hawks' public reputation, it 
was, if possible, eclipsed by his winning address as a conversationalist- 
weaving around him a magic spell, none within its influence could 
ever fail to acknowledge, and which gave to him a marvellous, and 
sometimes mysterious influence on those around him. 

Resolved, That to these public and private accomplishments, above 
all, were added the simplicity and artless fervor of the true Christian, 
evinced as in other things, so especially in the manly fortitude and 
childlike submission with which he met the heaviest of trials and 
afflictions in life, and a painful sickness, closed by a peaceful and tri- 
umphant death. 

Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Hawks, we, his brethren, find 
new incentive to earnestness in prayer, faithfulness in duty, and in- 
creased singleness in love and devotion to our blessed Lord and His 

Resolved, That a copy of these Resolutions be sent to the family 
of Dr. Hawks, and the Church papers. 




New York, September 27, 1866. 
At a meeting of the Vestry of the Chapel of the Holy 
Saviour, held this clay, the following Preamble and Resolu- 
tions were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, It hath pleased Almighty God, in His wise Providence, 
to remove from his earthly labors our beloved Pastor, the Rev. 
Francis L. Hawks ; therefore, 

Resolved, That whilst humbly submitting to the will of Him who 
doeth all things well, we shall ever cherish the most affectionate re- 
membrance of the exalted talents, the brilliant genius, the fearless 
manhood, and the devoted faithfulness of our late beloved pastor and 

Resolved, That in his death the Church has sustained the loss of a 
profound scholar and devoted son. 

Resolved, That we tender to the bereaved widow and family, our 
warmest sympathies in this hour of trial. 

Resolved, That these proceedings be entered on the minutes of the 
Vestry, and a copy thereof, duly certified by the Wardens and Secre- 
tary, be presented to Mrs. Hawks. 

WILLIAM NIBLO, Senior Warden. 
JOHN ALSTYNE, Junior Warden. 
THEO. BAR TOW, Sec'y. 


New York, Calvary Church, \ 
September 29, 1866. j 

At a Meeting of the Wardens and Vestry of Calvary 
Church, the following Resolutions were offered, and unan- 
imously passed : 

Resolved, That in the loss of the Rev. F. L. Hawks, D. D., so long 
the Rector of this Church, we, the Wardens and Vestry, wish to ex- 
press our unfeigned sorrow ; and to offer our heart-felt sympathies to 
the members of his bereaved household. 

Resolved, That we keep in lasting honor the record of the past 
years, during which he was identified with the welfare of this Parish; 
of the labors to which it owes so much of its early growth and ripest 
strength ; and that his memory will be sacred to us as a faithful Min- 
ister of Christ, a gifted preacher, an affectionate Pastor and friend. 

Resolved, That a copy of this paper be sent to the family of the 
Rev. Dr. Hawks. 

From the minutes of the Vestry. 



Baltimore, October 8, 1866. 
At a Meeting of the Vestry of Christ Church, held this 
day, the following Preamble and Resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted : 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God, in His inscrutable wisdom, 
to call to a higher and nobler sphere of duty, our late beloved 
Rector, Rev. F. L. Hawks, D.D., LL.D., and whereas, while we 
humbly bow in submission to the will of the Great Head of the 
Church, we cannot but deeply sympathize with the family and 
friends of the deceased, in the irreparable loss they have sustained : 

Resolved, That we will ever remember, with thankfulness, the 
acceptable and successful Ministrations of the Rev. Dr. Hawks, as 
Rector of Christ Church, and bear testimony to his fidelity and zeal 
in the Master's cause. 

Resolved, That we have regarded the late Rev. Dr. Hawks, as the 
true exponent of the Doctrines of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
which, in all the walks of life he exemplified with that true Christian 
consistency and simplicity of character, that marks the man of God. 

Resolved, That in the death of the Rev. Dr. Hawks, we mourn, in 
common with the Church and community, the loss of one who will 
ever be remembered for his noble Christian life, his earnest pleading 
with his people to be reconciled to God, and his determination to know 
nothing, but "Jesus Christ and Him crucified." 

Resolved, That these proceedings be entered upon the Parish Rec- 
ord, and a copy of the same be sent to the family of the deceased. 

By order of the Vestry. 

JAMES HALL, Reg'r. and Treas'r. 


Copy from the Minutes of the Vestry of Chkist Church, 
New Orleans, at their Meeting held October 20th, 1866. 

When a brilliant light disappears from the firmament of the Church, 
the people mourn. None can more keenly mourn, than this portion of 
the flock of Christ, at the recent death of its former Pastor, the Rev. 
Dr. Hawks, by whose efforts this Church was erected, and in which 
he ministered for seven years with eminent usefulness. So long did 
these walls resound with his silver tongue, so easy, ready, and per- 
suasive in its eloquence. No fitter eulogy can be pronounced on his 
labors, than the words of one of the lately departed members of this 
body, (Mr. James Greenleaf,) " He does me good !" 

The Church has indeed lost a great light, one of its most lively and 
distinguished Ministers ; but how specially darkened must that house- 
hold be, that was gladdened by its constant beam. That bereaved 
family this Vestry desires to approach with its heartfelt sympathy, 
not sorrowing as those without hope, but in full assurance of faith, 
believing that his Saviour has received him in the brightness of 
His glory. 


At a stated Meeting of the New York Historical Society, 
held in its Hall on Tuesday Evening, November 6, 1866, the 
following Minutes and Resolutions, submitted by the Executive 
Committee, were read by Mr. Charles P. Kirkland : 

The New York Historical Society has learned with deep regret, 
the decease, on the 27th day of September last, of its late member, 
Francis L. Hawks, D. D., LL. D., at the age of 68 years. 

In the dark days of the Society, he was its steadfast friend ; and 
lent to it the aid, when that aid was invaluable, of his voice, and his 
pen, and of his personal and professional influence. In 1836, the 
Society was in adversity. Dr. Hawks stepped forward earnestly 
and energetically to relieve and resuscitate it ; and his efforts con- 
tributed in an eminent degree to restore it to life and usefulness. 
During that and the three succeeding years, he delivered before the 
Society, and for its benefit, several of his brilliant Lectures. 

In 1849, after his return from a residence of five years in the 
Southern States, he became a member of the Executive Committee, 
and during a service of ten years in that Committee, he was among 
its most attentive, devoted and useful members. He resigned this 
position in 1859, in consequence of the pressure of professional en^ 
gagements, but continued, to the last, a fervent friend of the Society 
His last Address before it, was on the occasion of the death of the 
lamented Francis. 

Dr. Hawks was distinguished by zeal, sincerity, and eloquence in 
the pulpit. As a general, as well as a professional Scholar, he held 
a high rank ; and his contributions to the Historical Literature of our 
country, are numerous and valuable. He was genial in society, and 
ardent in his personal friendships. His death is a loss, alike to the 
public, and to the profession of which he was a shining ornament, to a 
large circle of attached friends, and to this Society. 

It is therefore Resolved, 

First. — That by the death of Dr. Hawks, this Institution is de- 
prived of an early and constant friend, of a most distinguished mem- 
ber, and of one to whom its lasting gratitude is due. 


Second. — That by this event, Society has lost one of its most genial 
members, the cause of History a thorough and devoted student, and 
the Christian Religion an eloquent advocate. 

Third. — That the foregoing Minutes and Resolutions be entered on 
the Records of the Society, and a duly authenticated copy be sent to 
the family of the deceased. 

After hearing the Eev. Wm. F. Morgan, D. D., the Eev. 
Wm. Adams, D. D., Mr. John Gr. Lambertson, and the Eev. 
Samuel Osgood, D. D., the Minutes and Eesolutions were 
adopted by the Society unanimously. 

Extract from the Minutes. 


Recording Secretary. 


At a Meeting of the American Ethnological Society, in 
the City of New York, October 30, 1866, the First Vice Pres- 
ident, Thomas Ewbank, Esq., introduced the proceedings of 
the evening with a brief Address commemorative of the Eev. 
Francis L. Hawks, D. D., LL. D. 

The Eev. Dr. J. A. Spencer offered the following Preamble 
and Resolutions, relative to the Rev. Dr. Hawks : 

Wherkas, On the 27th day of September, 1866, it pleased Almighty 
God, in His wise Providence, to remove from all earthly labors the 
Rev. Francis L. Hawks, D. D., LL. D„ Rector of the Church of 
the Holy Saviour, New York, in the sixty-ninth year of his age : — 

A\d Whereas, Dr. Hawks was for a number of years Vice Presi- 
dent of the American Ethnological Society, and one of its most 
active, zealous and useful members ; therefore, 

Resolved, That in view of the great loss sustained, as well by Sci- 
ence and Literature as by Religion, in the death of the Rev. Dr. 
Hawks, the American Ethnological Society hereby gives expression 
to its deep sense of the rare and varied powers, and the noble and 
manly equalities of head and heart of its former Vice President. 

Resolved, That, recognizing in Dr. Hawks one distinguished alike 
as a brilliant pulpit orator, a learned and eloquent writer, and a lover 
and promoter of Science, this Society joins heartily in its sympathy 
with the Church and community at large, in the removal by death of 
its late eminent associate. 

Resolved, That these Resolutions be entered on the Minutes of the 
Society ; and also, that a copy be sent to the family of the deceased. 

After affectionate and eulogistic tributes of respect to the 
memory of the deceased, from Mr. Evart A. Duyckinck, Hon. 
Charles P. Daly, Rev. E. W. Syle, and several others, the 
preceding Resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

HENRY T. DROWN, Secretary pro tern. 


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HYMN 29. L. M. 

Isaiah Hi. 1, 2. 

TRIUMPHANT Sion ! lift thy head 
J- From dust, and darkness, and the dead, 
Though humbled long-, awake at length, 
And gird thee with thy Saviour's strength. 

2 Put all thy beauteous garments on, 
And let thy excellence be known : 
Deck'd in the robes of righteousness, 
The world thy glories shall confess. 

3 No more shall foes unclean invade, 
And fill thy hallo w'd walls with dread ; 
No more shall hell's insulting host 
Their victory and thy sorrows boast. 

-1 God from on high has heard thy prayer, 
His hand thy ruins shall repair : 
Nor will thy watchful Monarch cease 
To guard thee in eternal peace. Amen.