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Mel. \. 





The Tulu language, one of the Dravidian family, is spoken 
only by half a million of people, inhabiting the central part of 
South-Canara. Until recently there was no literature in this 
language, except some legends written on palm-leaves in the 
Malayalam character, in the possession of Brahman families. 
It was only after the arrival of the Basel Missionaries in this 
district (1834) that some books were written and printed in 
the Basel Mission Press, the most important being a translation 
of the New Testament, which was completed in 1847, and 
of which a new typographical edition was issued in 1859. 
Other publications intended for the use of the church and 
schools followed in course of time, and in 1872 Rev. J. Brigel 
compiled a Tulu Grammar, which we recommend to those 
interested in that language. For writing, a modification of the 
Malayalam alphabet was in vogue till the Basel Mission Press 
employed Canarese characters in printing. 

2. The compilation of a vocabulary was commenced some 
30 years ago. The Rev. G. Kammerer, who died in 1858, left & 
manuscript containing about 2000 words. The author took this 
vocabulary in hand and continued adding to it from all avail- 
able sources, without in the least contemplating the printing 
of the same. In ^883, however, the question of printing a 
Tulu Dictionary was first mooted, and further steps having been 
taken in the matter, the Government of Madras was pleased to 
defray the cost of its publication. 


3. A Transliteration in Latin characters of every word will, 
especially for beginners, facilitate the use of the book. The 
appended list (p. viii.) will show the rules according to which the 
transliteration has been made. 

4. Special attention should be paid to words sounding 
alike, viz: 

* > pa-Hi* a lizard- ^ palli, a mosque. 

e? ane, an anna. e?^ ane, an elephant. 

muttu, a pearl. -rfoo^ muddu, a kiss. 

3, madipu, a fold. skasg madipu, a consultation. 

5. Although it is customary in Dravidian Dictionaries to 
give the crude form of the Verb, it was thought better to give 
first the Infinitive form, as the conjugation of the verb is depen- 
dent on the ending of the Infinitive. The Root, however, is given 
after the transliteration. The three terminations of the Infinitive 
are as follows: 

1. CA3$ uni, as &S -j-e/v>s> = j;io$ voduui, to read; 

2. s3S puni, ^>f + ^ =3otf^ malpuni, to do; 

3. && pini, 5&> +&a =&s>is tupini, to see. 

As the formation of the Causative form is sometimes rather 
intricate and the meaning is often different from that attached 
to the root, it has been thought best to introduce the causative 
form as a seperate word. 

G. As to the Adjectives, only the simple ones have been 
especially mentioned; all others which are either Adjective- 
Participles, or Nouns converted into Adjectives either by different 
terminations, as the Dative, Locative and Genitive, or by adding 
Adjective-Participles (^^ itti, A)^ uppu, ^oso ayi, e/c.~), have been 
omitted, as the student can easily convert any Noun into an 
Adjective whenever required. 

7. In a similiar manner it ought to be stated that all pro- 
per Adverbs have been specially pointed out; those, however, 
which arc cither Datives or Locatives or Nouns with Verbal 
Participles (?5 adii) have been omitted for the above reason. 


8. The Tulu language does not possess many words with 
abstract meanings. The Gerund of every verb may, however, 
be used in this sense, for instance, Juo4 wodunavu reading, &&%> 
3$ tupinavu observation. Besides this there are some other deriv- 
ations, as 4e>^ vodige of 4/i?ioa voduni, ^^.^ heccige of aSt^aa 
heccuni, & ~^ Jappelu of a^& Jappuni, acsSS dinjelu of aoaos> 
dirijuni, ^~ tarte of stj^oa taruni, ^oo^ murte of ^odos> miiruni, 
etc. Such abstract words, if not found in this Dictionary, can 
easily be formed by means of the Infinitive. 

9. The meanings of many words might have been consider- 
ably increased, but for the sake of brevity we have, (especially 
in the case of words derived from Sanskrit), given only the most 
usual ones. 

10. It should be taken into consideration that not only the 
different castes of the Tulu speaking people have their own 
peculiarities of expression and pronunciation, e.g. for "wed- 
ding" Brahmans say ^os^re kalyana, Pariahs say aio3> badatana, 
and other caste people say ^oS3o madume, but that there are also 
three local distinctions of dialect, viz., a southern, a northern 
and an eastern one, in which similar peculiarities exist; for 

S. &iL3 podepini, ^asadi jp _: of tude, ^ ^s> tupini, - 
X. -l^ podepini, o ssa tadi, o ?k^ sude, .5 ?ie&s>. supini, 

O J-i !H Q 

E. :fi^^ pudepuni, 3 so^hadi, ^ ^^ hude, cs ^ls hupini, -^ 

11. As to the adoption of Sanskrit, words besides those in 
common use with the people in connection with their worship, 
a number of words have been received which are current among 
Tulu Brahmans only, though not all ; and there are also some 
words which owe their introduction to Christianity. The Tulu 
people also use a number of words which were originally Cana- 
rese, Malayalam and Hindustani; of these only the most com- 
mon ones have been introduced here. 

12. The names of about 600 Plants will be found in this 
collection. About half are taken from "Five Hundred Indian 


Plants" by C. Stolz, and the others have been obtained in other 
ways, careful investigation being required in some cases. 

13. A Supplement of about 200 new words is appended. 

14. For List of Abbreviations see the following page. 

15. In the preparation of this Dictionary the following 
works have been consulted: Canarese Dictionary by W. Reeve, 
Malayiilain Dictionary by Dr. H. Gundert, and Sanskrit Dictionary 
by Dr. Th. Benfey. 

16. In conclusion the author desires to record the great 
obligations he is under, to the Munshis Messrs. Madhvaraya of 
Caup, Sitarama of Mulki, Sarvottama Pei of Mangalore, and 
Catechist Israel Aarons for the assistance given him, and 
among some others, he is also indebted to the corrector of 
the Mission Press, Mr. Sivarau, who bas been of very great 
service to him in carrying the work through the press. He 
nevertheless regrets certain errors which bave crept into the 
work, and for which he craves the forbearance of the critic. 
These have been noted in the Errata. 

Mangalore, October 1886. A. 3/. 


ace. = accusative. 
adj. - adjective. 
ad\'. adverb. ' 
bet. = better. 
bram. = word peculiar to Tulu 
Brahman s. 
Chr. = Christian. 
cond. = conditional. 
c. d. = cum dative. 
cf. = confer, compare. 
conj. = conjunction. 
c. i'. = causative verb, 
afo/. = dative. 
dim. = diminutive. 
def. v. or d. v. = defective verb. 
e. g. = for example. 
emph. emphatic. 
fern. = feminine. 
fg. = figurative. 
/. /. = future tense. 
gen. = genitive. 
gram. = grammatical. 
lion. = honorific. 
imper. = imperative. 
intj. = interjection. 
intrg. interrogative. 

lit. = literally. 

loc. = locative. 

masc. = masculine. 

neg. = negative. 
n. or neut. = neuter. 

num. = numeral. 

opp. = opposite. 

per/. = perfect tense. 

part. participle. 
p.orpers.= person. 

pi. = plural. 

postp. = postposition. 

pot. = potential. 

prep. preposition. 

pron. = pronoun. 

pro. = proverb. 

p. t. = past tense. 

Rom. = Roman Catholic. 

s. = substantive. 

Sans. = Sanskrit. 

sing. = singular. 

slg. = slang word. 

v. a. = verb active. 

i'. n. = verb neuter. 

v. reft. = verb reflexive. 

vlg. = vulgar word. 

Transliteration . 

a. Vowels. 



a as a in about. 

<^ e as e in met. 

a a far. 

e (final) as a mat. 

i i him. 

a e as e grey. 

1 i police. 

sei,ai,oi ei height. 

u u full. 

o o (wo) , o not. 

u u rule. 

2o o (wo) o note. 

ru, vocalised r. 

O ou, au ou ., house. 

Je) Til HOt US&& \ 

s u (halfn) as e in the French je. 

b. Medials. 

n before 3. so, X, ^o, 83. 

o = m before ^, r, 2; ?? 

n t*, <$, &, *p, ^sp. 

in odo, ti, . -rf. - 

n u, 3, il tf, re. 

8=h, vocalised. 

11 55 ' TJ ) T} 

c. Consonants. 

ka as ka in kalendar. 

cj da the dental da. 

kha ka aspirated. 

qi dha da aspirated. 

ga ga in gander. 

^ na the dental na. 

gha ga aspirated. 

sj pa 5 pa /w parrot. 

na ng in singing. 

cfj pha pa aspirated. 

ca ch chapter. 

20 ba n ba ^w bat. 

cha ca aspirated. 

z bha ba aspirated. 

ja ja in jam. 

^ ma r ma in niad. 

jha ja aspirated. 

o4) ya ya yam. 

ria nya in bunyan. 

d ra ra rag. 

ta the cerebral ta. 

s; la la B lap. 

tha ta aspirated. 

d va va van. 

da the cerebral da. 

^ sa sha sham. 

dha da aspirated. 

3^ sa sha . marshal. 

na the cerebral na. 

ro sa j, sa .) sat 

ta the dental ta. 

3c ha n ha ham. 

tha ta aspirated. 

<s* la the cerebral 1. 

^ ksha cis ksha in Lakshmi. 

T U L U B N G L I S H 


a, The first letter of the al- 
phabet; 2. an interjection of 
surprise; 3. when prefixed to 
nouns derived from Sanskrit 
beginning with a consonant, 
it denotes negation, as rfsfo 
truth, 55^^ untruth; before 
a vowel & 'becomes es??', as 

end, ?f^o^ endless, 
aiika, s. Fight, war, battle, 
combat; 2. cock-fight; 3. a 
mark, sign. crooSo a combat- 
ant, wrestler. rf sro&odjsS a 
field or place for cock-fighting. 
-js^rfoS) to fight, to wrestle. 

ankana, s. The space bet- 
ween two cross beams or pil- 
lars (supporting a roof) ; 2. a 
quadrate, square; 3. a small 
room, compartment. sra^os 
to upset. 

^oi)^ ankayana, s. A temple 
feast; see 


ankita, s. A mark; ^//'. 
marked. rail>s> to affix one's 
signature to any writing; 2. to 
dedicate a work; 3. to put a 

^odUto^o ankudonku, s. Crook- 
edness; adj. bent, crooked. 

ankusa, s. A goad, hook 
used to drive an elephant with. 
&33)> ankipuni (o*), 7-. a. To 
cipher, count, reckon (in 

. A numerical figure. 

dod ankoleda mara, 
s. Alangium decapetalum 

angu, ^. Greediness, eager- 
ness. 2ooa^?>, si^ to be 
greedy, covetous; cf. 
rfrJe)^)^ angusavuni 
2.0. To reproach, despise; 2. 
to disregard; 3. to arraign; 
also o?N?^4^5 sooT^ris^^- 



orf anga, s. A limb, member; 
2. the body. esoXo&atfo the 
members of the body. 
ort^Crs angakarana, s. The in- 
struments of action, as ^o?j 
mind, sraw 4 speech, SD^^O body. 
Bg&Jaiiteri,.?. The hair 
of the body. 

angajari, s. A name of 
i the foe of Cupid. 
angaje, ^. The god of love, 
; 2. a son; 3. desire. 
angadi, s. A shop, stall. 

7&8 a, shopkeeper. 
Wortra angana, s. The space 
around a temple or demon- 
shrine; 2. a courtyard, the 
space in front of a house. 
esofis^ angatapa, s. Heat of the 

body; 2. fatigue. 
e5ortd?2angadane, s. Thirst. -&e 
2)r?> to give to drink. -zJSbrs 
to drink. 

S5or1d angade, ^. The name of a 
celebrated monkey, the son 

Of SS3<0. 

Wort si os* angapanku, ^. The hair 
about the privities, vlg. 

S^ angaparlkshe, s. Anato- 

angapuje, s. Worship- 
ping the different members of 
an idol. 
cr^tj^e! angapradakshane, s. 

O* vx\ 

Rolling the body after the car 
of an idol or round a temple, 
as a penance or in fulfilment 
of a vow; see 

,^. Fatigue. 

angarakshe, s. Personal 
protection, preservation, safe- 


rtd^ angareke, -f. A coat, 
jacket, vesture. 
rtdJ3^0 angaroma, s. The hair 
of the body. 

rt^>^, worterasi angalappu, 
angalapa, s. Covetousness, in- 
ordinate desire, eagerness of 
gain. -~5y-- to be of inordi- 
nate desire; 2. to endeavour, 
try. TOoSo a covetous person. 
angavastra, s. An upper 


garment, a towel. 

rt^ angasikshe, s. Penance; 


2. mortification of the body in 

angasuci s. Ceremonial 
purity; 2. a thrashing, beat- 

angasanga, s. Sexual in- 

ri?ji>$^ angasadhane, s. Gym- 
nastics, bodily exercise. 
;a angasiddhi, J. Prosperity. 

ij angasutra, s. The pulse ; 
2. a kind of girdle; see 4^ 

angase, J. A particular 
kind of building, the front 
part of which is used as a 
shop and the back part 
private dwelling; 2. a towel, 

angasonne, s. A sign 



made with the finger, head, 
eye, etc. 

angahiifise, s. Corpo- 
ral punishment. zSotfo^ to 
wound, punish. 

angahlna, adj. Maimed. 
o angakshema, s. Bodily 


anganga, adj. All, of 
every kind; see escssoes. 
orreo* angaru, s. The sole of 
the foot. 
rec! angara, s. Tuesday. 

angaraka, s. A black 
stroke put on the forehead. 
Worrerf^ angarake, s. The planet 

Mars. esoAstftfOT-d Tuesday. 
e5orredangare,.y. The planetMars; 
2. Tuesday. 

angavuni, c.v. (of >o 
, To yawn, gape, open (as 
the mouth). 

angi, s. A long gown, or 

ohfij^ angidpini (e>oT\S), p. . 
To be greedy, covetous; see 
under escK. 

of^> angipuni (o^), P. a. To 
wish, be greedy of. 
'. a. To reproach; 

, J 1 . Reception, 
admission; 2. acceptation. ^o 
tfo^a, esoTsetf&^s to accept, re- 

anglrasa, J. The name 
of a Hindoo saint. 

anguta, angushta, 
s. The thumb; 2. the great 
toe; also erooXou. 

anguni (cK), t-. . To 
open; 2. to be seized with 
a fit of yawning; as srooso eso 
Xoorfo the mouth opens; 3. to 

rto^) angula, ^. An inch; 2. a 
finger, the thumb, great toe; 
3. the name of a saint. 
rb)3ii^$ angustani, s. A thim- 

rta, yoT^^ angela, ange]a, s. 
A native inch equal to about 
IA of the English inch; see 

yorisS angele, s. A greedy per- 

son, glutton. 
Sorj> angei, J. The palm of the 

hand. Xocathe cavity of the 

hand. 3?^ the lines on the 

palm of the hand ; see sd^?^. 

_ ^OJCT^ cj^s to lick the palm 

and back of the hand;y^. to 

be greedy. 
e5orU5S33ort angopanga (oX- 

W3i-59cX), s. The members of 
the body. 
WorU:^ angostra (escX-^^), j. 

An upper garment, a towel. 
S3o2Go2S, esoSSosA^o annanna, 

annannolu, J. All the limbs; 

s annana, 

irsor annanyuni ( 
To be greedy of, to covet ; cf. 



Ai3,annele, see 

arica, ad?. So, thus, like, 
after that way or manner; 
2. int. yea, even so. eso^oel 
there, that side, a little fur- 
ther on. esctu-DctS if it be so, 

5-en> A ?JS . esc 

oJ G: 

rro zfo) for that rea- 
son, on that account, there- 
fore. esoell^ such. 

ancade, adv. So, just so. 

yoe^ ancane, ancene, ^. 
Just so, even so. ^otfo^a to 
do so, to do in like manner. 
arical, s. The post, tapal. 
a post-horse. zrooSo 
a postman. 

arici, a?r.'. Thither, that 
side; 2. beyond, esoel 
the other part. >c&?K 
to die, expire, decease. o 
eJcel here and there, hither 
and thither, to and fro. 

aricige ancike, sec 

ancidaye, s. A post- 

ancuni (^c'cS 7 ). f. a. To 
lurk, fls ^^^^epc^oorfothe 
cat lies in wait for the bird; 
T. 11. to be importunate. 
arijana, sec ofsp^. 

j anjanadevi, s. The 
wife of TOorfoj (the god of 
wind) and mother of 

the famous monkey general; 
2. the black goddess. 

*5ofc553*Sje>Ff anjalummu, s. A 
kind of fish. 

yorffl, 3 o^o^ anjige, anjike, s. 
Fear, alarm, fright; 2. shy- 
ness. sktfo^to fear, be afraid 
of, be alarmed, be frightened; 
2. to be shy. zrooSo a coward, 
timid person. 

S3ojo3jo>, e5o^o?i anjiyuni, an- 
Juni (5c^, e?o3io). v. n. To 
fear. &5c&o?rooSj a coward, 
timid person. 

esofc:J5rf arijura, s. A fig. zioSr 
a ripe fig. -rfo-d the glome- 
rous fig tree. 

e3o?d anjele, s. A timid fel- 

S2o'3??i arinana J. A collyrium or 
ointment applied to the eyes 
(see tJa^) ; 2. particular ap- 
plications, as lampblack, anti- 
mony etc. ; 3. a kind of medi- 
cine for the eyes; also &o 
K. ^^^ antimony. 7\s^3 7 
nucxb necromancer, conjurer, 
soothsayer, also s3oocroo3o. 
c^tios) to put a sharp medi- 
cine or collyrium into the 
eyes; 2. to conjure. 

esofo* antu, s. Gum, paste, resin ; 
2. adhesion. i^a to come 
in contact with, to touch; 
2. to follow, pursue ; 3. to 
stick, adhere to. s^>tl>s> to 
gum, paste. wotoSbS) to be- 
come adhesive. 



antupattu, adj. Adhe- 
sive, attractive. 
oib> antuni, v. n. To adhere, 
stick; i'. a. to paste; 2. to 

andu, s. The buttocks; eso 
SK 3jc32 3os3 a stool to sit 
upon. esoSd^r a small under 

o<^anda, s. An egg, that which 
is oval shaped. a^B the 
oviparous class, as bird, fish 

5 ' andasu, s. A kind of fish; 
bet. eooT$oJ. 

o& andi, s. A germ of mangoes 
etc. ~ eojatfos fruits to put 
forth; also ssoso 3^$. 
oQro5)O s , ssoS^rsDO* andinaru, 
andipunaru, ^. The name of a 
tree, Car alii a integer rima. 

ande, s. The vessel of a 
toddy-drawer for putting tod- 
dy in; 2. a vessel made of 
hollow bamboo or nut-shell. 

*3oree>;3) annavuni (tsosro), T. ^. 
To raise or lift up the head 
or face; 2. to peep. 

SSorao^DoSj annukayi, s. Cocoa- 
nut and plantains offered to 
an idol; see Sooreo^oso. $& 
&FS>, Tio^?) to offer cocoa- 
nuts and plantains. 

S3oc! anne, s. An elder brother; 
2. a maternal uncle; 3. an 
elderly man. 

anta, s. End, finale. 

antahkarana, s. The 

internal sense; 2. the heart, 
the mind; 3. fg. mercy; also 

50^8^3 antahpura, s. A seraglio, 
the queen's apartment. 

e5o^antake,^.Yama,the Indian 

* antaduru, s. A clue, 
hint, inkling (as of a secret). 
os3oo^ antapanta, ^. Competi- 
tion, vying; 2. prowess. 

antara, s. Intermediate 
space, interval; 2. difference, 
disparity ; 3. rank. ^o^f , 
-^o^f, -t^o^^o the inter- 
mediate posts of a roof. 
o^dort antaranga, s. The mind, 
heart ; 2. a secret ; 3. secrecy; 
in loc. secretly. 
o^driofi antaragan^e, s. Pistia 
stratiosa; cf. Se^w. 
o^ODosd antarantara, s. Dis- 
tinction of rank. 
osD^eJ,yo^eJ,s3o5Di>^ anta- 
rata, antrata, antarashtra, s. 
Mid-space, mid-air, included 
space, interval; o*oada^ 
lit. 'he is in the atmosphere', 
used for one who has died 
and has no rest; 2./g. he is 
in a dilemma, he is not 

antaripuni, antarisuni, antari- 
yuni (esc^5), v. n. To end; 
2. to die; 3. to differ. 
o^dF?o antardese, s. The un- 
known fate. 




antarmadu, s. An 
under roof. 

JOF antarya s. The inner 
part ; 2. the heart, mind. 
eso3?oOFcr3 antarsuima, s. The 
beam 011 the walls. 
antuga, s. Total. 

^ antastu, ^. An upper 
store or room ; 2. a secret. 
r antya, ^. End, completion; 
;//'. last, final, ultimate. sse> 
the time of death. 
cuJ* andu, </. T r . Yes, yea. eyrfo 
;&^ to be true. efLs to be 
brought up; 2. to be verified, 
proved. eyoao true. 
a true word: 

O ?iccsodo 0335 ///_ there 
is no gainsaying the truth. 

to prove, improve. 
ccsis it so? is it true? also 
calling attention. 

anduada (condl.form of 
adv. Namely, that is 
to say. 

55 our Co' andudqi (past part, of 
esc^s> used as) conj. (lit. Hav- 
ing said,) that, soir 9o55 
-c^ he said that he would 

?5o<3 anda, s. Form, shape; 2. 
beauty, elegance, handsome- 
ness, symmetry; 3. purport. 
adj. beautiful, pretty; -AST?, 
a handsome man. &&& to 
decay, wane. 

.rod andacanda, adj. V.-ry 
handsome, very pleasant. 

esodri, S5od=a andage, andake, i 1 . 
A blind man, a man of defec- 
tive vision; 2. a cripple. 

r3 andana, s. A kind of pa- 

andaye, see 
, andasya, see 
andassa, ^. Darkness, 
blackness. ~^ a very dark 
place. 333 hell of dark- 

anda, ^^ under es-S 

?5oC35to andaju, andaji, 
5. Estimate. -rfo^^ to make 
an estimate. 

j andayi, ^^ under e>o5. 
andaye (5c5-ef ;&>), j. A 
consenter, one who consents; 
2. p. t. of wcnB^fj. cf. under 

andipunar, see 

?3od, S5od! ande, ande, /V//. of 

entreaty, addressing, calling 

aoc2?2i, c Jode?o andesa, andesa, ^. 

Doubt, hesitation; 2. shy- 


sfo^^S andhakara, s. Darkness. 
y odri andhage (^). j. A blind 

man; see esorftf. 
yoqrad^raro^ andhadarbaru, ^. A 

blind government; 2. tyran- 

ny. crooib a tyrant, mis- 


anna, s. Food, csp. cooked 

rice. tro^ a gift of food. 



F^ annadi, s. A homeless per- 
son, pauper; 2. a simpleton; 

> ampun, J 

e>, ?5oz3j3 amba, amba, 
ambo, s. Bellowing, lowing 
2. a cry, noise. sj3tl>s> to bel- 
low, low (like a calf). 

wd ambate, ambade, s. 
The wild mango, hogplum. 
_ rforf. a hogplurn-tree, Spon- 
dias mangifera. 

ambara, -r. The sky; 2. 
cloth, apparel; tftj^ceo-rf a 
purple cloth, esoeo^oaoii a 
name of Srf. 

2o3a) ambarappu, J-. Hurry, 
confusion, perplexity. cs^So 
a perplexed man. e>o&& ^ 
bs>, 9c55g_ to become per- 

WD3 ambari, ambari, 
s. An elephant's saddle, how- 

ambalu, s. Tipsiness, 
drunkenness; 2. drowsiness: 
$3)rf esoao^SsjozS (I <?/- he) told 
(it) in drowsiness of sleep. 
ambala, see woeSe;. 

ambakilu, s. A kind of 
verandah; 2. an outer gate 
or door. 

ambi, J. Cow-dung. 

ambigare, J. A boat- 

man; Cf.' 55oai07\3T?. 

^j^ ambige, j 1 . A hunter; j^ 

o^o ambila, J. The place a- 

round or in front of a tem- 

ple; 2. a verandah around a 


ambu, j. Water. 
S3 0200 ambu, ^. An arrow. f\s3 

a hunter. 
55o2Jori ambuge, s. The flower of 

Arum colocosia\ cf. ^e4i 
esozoo^j ambuni (o) B., z>. . To 

do, make; cf. 

ambuli, s. A kind of pap 
or gruel of ragi or rice. 

e, s. A goddess, s^rg; 
a dumb goddess; cf. 


zS^DD* ambekaru, s. Walking 
or crawling on hands andfeet. 

_s3zl3S>, _^^s> to crawl. 
zSs^ ambepu, ^. Mango blos- 

t3^> ambela, J^ escBtio. 
ambe, see ssoso. 

ambodi, s. A kind of 
dance or mock-fight among 
the Pariahs. 

&Qz! ambode, s. A kind of 
fried cake. 

zSjSsOg ambottu, s. Arrogance, 
pride; also soc^Sjs&j . _s.z?3:s 
^j to be arrogant. 

amma, ^. A lady; zireBoiio 
^ Kali. 

odjsjc5 o2yj ammapaddeyi, s. eu- 
phem.for Small-pox. 

anamayya, int. of sor- 

row or pan 




amme, s. A father; ^e^o- 
3o, 335orfoco an elder uncle; 
elrf oo3o a younger uncle 
(father's, not mother's bro- 
ther) ; ssc^odd^ lit. nou- 
rishing father, foster father, 
adoptive father; pi. 
hon. pi. eso3o5. 

s^ amottu, see 
ainsa, s. Part, share, por- 
tion. Sjtfo^s to divide, ap- 

,^. A goose, swan; also 

S5^rf, amsapada, s. A caret, 
asterisk; 2. a prop; /". 

ah, aha, Vz/. Ah! eh! 

, akara, akara, adv. 
There, yonder, far ; also tstt. 

akalu, see es^S. 
Av-3 1 akasmika, ^//'. Accident- 
al, sudden, unexpected. 

akara, s. The letter w; cf. 

akala, ^/'. Untimely, un- 
seasonable. ^O^PS premature 

aklrti, s. Infamy, dis- 

4" akrutya, ^. Iniquity; adj. 
wicked, bad. 

, akeri, s. End: in dat. or 
loc. at or about the end, final- 
ly; also Ws3e. 

=0,, y^ akka, akke, s. An elder 

o tr 

sister; 2. an elderly woman. 

akkakka, akkolu, 
-. Part; adv. asunder. Qe 
&a to put asunder, divide. 
^cdjo akkayya, s. An affection- 
ate mode of addressing an 
elderly woman. 
^o* akkaru, s. An atom ; also 


bit of you. 

er,F akkarva, s. The last words 

of a dying person. 

vj$ s akkalu, ^. Sense, intellect, 

understanding; reflection. * 

UOjS to be out of wits. 

\ akki, s. Rice, corn, used 


only in compos., e.g. era era^, 
a coarse kind of rice; co?e>^ 
cardamom ; see es&. 
Sr,^ akklka, s. A kind of pre- 
cious stone, sardius. 

,idj> akkuduni (55^5), r. a. 
To hang, suspend. 

akrama, s. Irregularity, 
abnormity, confusion, estfj^js 
S irregularly, disorderly. 


aganita, adj. Countless, 

& agatya, s. Need, necessity, 
want; adj. urgent, important. 
isT3^> agapauni, c. v. (of esX 
^), To send away, cause to 

mni ( e57 ^), v- n. To 
remove, depart, v.a.i" sepa- 
rate; 2. extend. 




i?5c: 9 " agapelu, s. Separation; 
2. despatch. 

agama, #^'. Fixed, immov- 

* agaru, agalu, s. A 
fort ditch, trench, moat; 2. 
wall; cro^rf esXS a saltpan. ^ 
?&}$ to dig a trench. 

dorto^ agarugandha, s. Red 
sandal \}QQ(\.,Aquilaria agal- 

^'so 4 agasenaru, s. The lin- 
plant; 2. flax. 

^dorfagasemara,^. The name 
of a tree, Agati grandifiora. 

ir^o agastya, s. The name of 
a Hindu saint; 2. necessity, 

bet. WA^O. 

agata, adj. Not danger- 

agadha, ^. An abyss, adj. 
bottomless, deep; 2. very dif- 
agini, j^ w^. 

agilu, 5. A kind of tree; 

agude, 5. A furnace, fire 
for warming. 

aguru, ^^ X5. 

aguruni (55Xo5), 77. n. 
To totter, stagger. 
^^ agelu, s. A kind of demon 
worship with food etc. 3ce3e) 
worship of demons and ser- 
pents with food-offering. ^o 
>e> &S?JF$> to give such offer- 
ings to demons, etc. 


agela-, agalu-gandha, s. Aloes; 
sec 59X^0X0^. 

agela, ^. Breadth; adj. 

rtaocS ageludda, ^. Length and 

3^ agoli, agoli, s. A 
large vessel. 

U>^*rf agocara,^//'. Invisible; 
2. incomprehensible. 
agga ^. Cheapness. 57\s S 

cheaply. WAD oso mean. 
rtejs;^, yn s 73 s aggalasu, aggu- 
su, a^/'. Cheap. [^V 

i,^. Hunger; 2. fire; bet. 
aggiyuni, ag- 
yuni (fy v-a. To chew, bite. 
tf agge, J. The shoot of a 

agyana, agyena, ^. Ignorance; 

i, J. Fire. 
r< agra, J. Front, top; 2. a sore- 


mouth, aphthae, the thrush; 

^s K>Xj, ?j3ir esXj, varieties of 

soremouth. s2?5 a kind of 

root for soremouth. 
esr^rirto agraganye, s. The chief; 

2. one who is regardless of 

ssri 773-23 agrasale,.y. A dining hall; 

2. a cooking place in temples. 
yrt^.agraste, s. A headman, pre- 


sident, manager. 




rj3:-3C agrara,agrahara, 
s. A Brahmin village, 
agha, ^. Sin; 2. passion. 

aghora, adj. Terrible, 
fierce, dreadful. 

.- z> acancala, adj. Firm , fixed, 
decided. ^ firmness, deci- 

acara, adj. Immovable ; 
2. inanimate. 

acala, s. A mountain; adj. 

-& acodya, adj. Curious, 

acca, adj. Pure, unmixed, 
genuine; cf. s^. 
:T ^ accade, s. A peculiar kind 


of clotb to put on; 2. a wrap- 
per ; cf. **&. 

i, accada, s. A red mark 
put on the forehead; 2. a 
mixture of raw rice and red ' 
powder; also ^ri- 

acci, s. A form, model; 


2. a weaver's reed. s^^o^ 
to print, to coin. 3 3od a 
model made of wood; an 
S52o ^fo* accikattu, J. Conveni- 

Cc" so 

ence, fitness. <z^/'. neat, com- 
pact commodious. 

jaccibella,^. Country sugar, 

Ur ^J 

jaggory made of sugarcane, 
ajam, s. The process of di- 
ion or consumption; also 

&&c. -o-Lr^ to be digested; 

to be exhausted. 

a.Janta, adj. Many, all: & 
&fi ^jstSoctlj plenty people 
come together. 

ajante, s. An attendant. 
o* ajakulu, s. Yawning, gap- 
ing. rzEls to yawn, gape. 
i^oSo ajakayi, ^. Cocoanut. 
rf^r^ to break cocoanuts 
(in a kind of play). 

ajake, j. Idleness. & cs^ 
talk. GT^O a babbler. 
ajakelu, .v. Relapse. 
o, ajakolu, ^. The rope 
i?r cane for putting clothes 

ajane, s. The noise of a thief, 
goblin, etc. 

iS^), S3^e^ ajapu, ajabu, adj. 
Strange, wonderful. 

ajapuni (-), r-. /?. To 
select, choose. 

ajappu, s. Selection, ^y. 
ij?r^ ajamasu, ^. Estimate; 
2. deliberation; 3. trace, 

C;osj ajamila, ^.v; K^-S^OS?. 
iio>pjjfi ajameisuni, :. a. To 
deliberate, trace; 2. to esti 

oSoF ajaru, ajarya, adj. 
Imperishable, not decaying. 
ajara J. A kind of moss; 

ajalu, s. \ portion, part. 

a customer. 
. ajalipi, s. Fate. 




ajagrate, .s. Carelessness. 

ajamila, s. The name 
of a fabulous. Brahmin. 

ajame, s. A barber ; &?/. 

ajikelu, .sw e93;^. 

^od!^ ajikurve, ^. A sower's 
basket; <?/.?<? es^otfo^. 

ajiguji, J. A crushing. 
j5j, S5z3s. ajipa, ajippa, num. 


Sixty; 0/.T0 e?32z}. 
2^ do, e3^, ajime, ajme, s. A 
crook. rf ^^ a grinding- 
stone (for medicine etc.). 

ajiru, ^. A blue oyster. 
^ an unfortunate hand. e>3 
very hard iron. 
, ^ZO^D* ajildaru, aji- 
leru, s. A title, honorific ap- 
pellation of a master or mana- 
ger (particularly applied to 
a headman of the Bants). 
es^rar, ye^elr ajlrna, ajlrte, s. 


S52aje,.y. The foot-print; 2. foot- 
step, track, trace; 3. a row; 
4. the cloth tied over a cradle ; 
also sos!, 5L _^uo s to make 


a row. ^?e;o, see esa^jse 
ew. 80^ a rope for putting 
clothes on. 

sc3 ajji, J. A grandmother. 3$ 
a tale, idle story. 
b* ajjittu, ^. A kind of dough 

o &J 

made of rice. 
ajje, s. A grandfather. 

ajnana, ^. Ignorance. 

ajriani, s. An ignorant 

5&3 ata, j 1 . Obstinacy; <5^. sou. 
gscSo, ^5reD an obstinate 

eJ^kJeS atakotale, s. Constant 

ataka, atakavu, s. 
Obstacle, hindrance. sSoso^, 

to hinder, stop. 
atamata, s. Deception, 

atara, adj. Wide spread, 
as the branches of a tree. 

atura, s. Poly car paea 
corymbosa, also sre^oos^. 

^. atta, s. An upper loft, gar- 

ret, upper room; 2. ceiling. 
Uc! attane, s. A household; 
2. household things; 3. admi- 
nistration. estfX?? articles to 
be cooked. &&<>3$ household 

attalu, s. An upstair- 

j attahasa, attasa, 
s. Shouting, laughter; 2. 
pomp, ostentation; 3. delay. 
^otfok^ to shout, laugh aloud ; 
to parade, ostentate. 
S3^3|,^attalu, s. A good labourer; 
2. a messenger sent after an- 

5 13 atti, s. A pile, heap of rice. 


3.0 s attilu, s. Cooking; 2. 
meal. csoSo a cook. 



o^ attuni (>%), r 1 . a. To put ; 
to discharge urine, 

& atte, .?. The sole of a shoe; 
2. support, stand; 3. knot; ^fo 
i^ir ^0^3 an upper loft for 
storing rice; ^^^ a knot or 
ring of a rattan. ss5 bent 
legs, bandy legs. <Qso5 tfo 
tfo^, _^oS 3ros?o v s> to sit down 
on cross legs. 

fe3.Co, attemi s. The eighth lu- 


nar day ; /^e^oe^so the birth- 

day of ^y^; fo/. w^ao. 
k3,doo&3, attemutte, s. Arms and 

J J " 

legs; 4^05 hands and legs 

are broken. 

&^ri attolige, s. A loft sup- 


ported on posts, temporary 

).r'.7/. To cook. 
Q^> to marry a man. 
adangayi, ^. A kind of 

, y^^adaku, adaka, s. Hin- 
derance; also esw^. 

l 5 ?3Ca S: 5 ! 23'3n* adaka, 
adka, adukajagy, s. An unclean 
place; 2. a burying place. 
ffsS a wild unclean place. 
^2Jsd adakabare, s. A kind of 
fruit, Cucumis pubcsccns. 
tooSo;&> adakayisuni, v. a. 
To hinder. 

^J^), adakuni(5^^), i\ a. To 
throw, cast out; 2. to dis- 
charge, fire, as t2& 5rf5os> to 
fire a gun; also 

ess adi 
adagu, s. A ship : cf. 

adajati, s. An out-caste; 
2. a mongrel ; adj. mixed. 

rs adana, addana, s. A 
Fin^OvJ adanagayi, 

7^7) OSO. 

c5)3 adanadi, ^; 

sJ adapa, J. A barber's dres- 
sing case; 2. a bundle; 

adapuni (^), :-. (7. To 
plough; <:/". rf^a. 

, adabe, s. An adulteress: 
a^//'. bastard, illegitimately 
born; bet. so^d. _ K ^fcS^iSo 
a bastard, an illegitimate 
person, vlg. 

Dj*)^ adammu, s. A kind of 

adaru, ^. A thin branch, 
twig; 2. copse. 

adaruni (^^), r. ;/. To 

adavi, ^. A forest, jungle. 

e5^e>^) adavu, adavu, s. A 
mortgage, pledge; 2. the 
thing mortgaged. Aabra, 
-rotSoatopawn, pledge, mort- 

?iJ^ adayisuni, sec 

adi, s. Bottom, base; 2. foot; 
the foot-sole, foot-step. 
jj'rfo^to fall one upon 
the other. 




> adi, adj. Cooked, dressed, 
prepared. ^ prepared 
food; a meal ready to be served. 
adinkara, s. A large ves- 
sel; also ^^ 
^JSdo adikeburu, s. A kind 
of creeper, Pothas scandtns; 
also es^reojs'do. 

adikei, J. The palm of the 


hand. adj. Defeated, van- 
quished. ?ibs>, _ ^jstfos to lie 
underneath; to be overturn- 
ed, defeated. 

arfok^ adigantu, 5-. The bind- 
ing in the middle of a sack 
converting it into a "bissac"; 
the lower part of a "bissac" 
or sack tied in the middle. 
2. the lower joints of a reed 
or cane. 

rWo adigulu, s. A cook. 2. a 

adige, s. Cooking, distil- 

2. emulsion or confec- 
tion prepared from medicinal 
herbs. $^ a cook. 

adicaraku, .s. Ballast. 

adinlru, s. Water at the 
bottom of something, stand- 
ing water. 2. stored-up-water 
for irrigation of lower lying 
fields, -^t^s to store up 
water in a field after the 2nd 
or 3rd crop until rainfall. 

adipattuni, v. a. To 
singe, burn. 

4 adiparelu, s. A spurious 


adipaduni, r. a. To 

stack corn in a straw- (or 

bamboo-mat-) granary in a 

yard. 2. proceed. 
53^^) adipu, s. Sweeping. crooSj, 

jraoSo a male sweeper. jrof 

a female sweeper. 
S5^o3)> adipuni ( a ), "'. . To 

3iSzoJ3do> adiburuni, 7'. n. To 


adimudelu, s. Capital 

for trading. 2. resources. 

^s5o^o s adimslu, ^. Overturn- 

ing. cribs, 30^rfos to be 

overturned. s^TliS to upset, 

turn over. 

&^o&^Ddj3N adisudisamana, ^. 

Dressed food. 

ci>o2oo adumbu, 5-. The creeper 

Ipomoea maritima. 

ade, adegu, adi'. There. 
(emph.') just there, to 

that very place. Xos. 

adenguni, ^ 

adeka, ^^/'. Narrow, close. 
2. small, short, brief. 
^j^j adekuni, see ests^os. 

adepu, s. The act of shut- 
ting, closing, finishing. zx> 
to shut, close. 

cl^? 1 adepuni, adevuni 
(est), z-. n. To shut, close. 
2. to roost, perch: 
odooocli the fowl perches. 
~&3) to cost: na^z4? what's 
the price? also ^5 ^e^bs to 
be shut up, closed. 



r? adesu, aJj. Faded, waned, 
drooping or hanging down (as 
one's head). 

adeke, s. Obstacle, hin- 
derance. 2. shelter. 

3 adege, </:'. For nothing, 
to no purpose. 2. without any- 
thing more, barely, merely; 
also o* 

ezle4$ ecS=ol:j^ adevuni, ade- 
yuni (K:?). r. 72. To hide. 
be concealed. 
53:1 adka, see es33. 

" adkala, J. A cooking shed. 

2. an oven. 

3 adda, J. A rafter. 
adda, s. Obstacle, hinderance. 

adj. Horizontal, intervening. 
adi'. Across, athwart. ?^$, 
bsto come across, hinder. 
to dam up, shut in ; 
to hinder, interrupt, prevent; 
to block up a path or entrance; 
to screen. ^ee^os to cross 
with lines, underline 
to oppose, stop, hinder, 
S)S to place across. eo 
to oppose, confront, interrupt. 
aaj&Tks to prostrate, bow 
down (a kind of salutation). 
rfos^a to hinder, oppose. 
yrfc^addantra, s. The torments 
Supposed to be caused by a 

rf addaka, adka, see tt. 


addakatte, j. A dam. 

-a W 

f^jriocS addakattimut- 

tiganda, J. A female's head- 
ornament. 2. the head-gear of 
a devil-dancer. 

gD addakatteri, ^. A betel- 
nut-cutter or cracker; also 

addakasabu, J. An im- 
proper or unnatural profes- 
sion. adj. Unusual, contrary. 
^=05)0^ addakaru, s. The bent 


knee, a^ s^^s'o^ft to squat. 
2. a crooked leg. 3^30$ to* 
interfere with. 
d ^^* addakllu, s. A bolt, lock, 


tenon, linch-pin. 
C^^, addakei, ^. The arm in a 
posture of defence. 

addakolu, s. A cross- 


addagandha, s. A hori- 
zontal mark on the forehead 
made with sandal paste by 
certain caste people. 

, y^ f\3 addagitu, adda- 

t ^ 

gere, J. An intersected line, 
a line across another. 

addagela, s. Breadth, 
width, diameter. 

addagellu, s. A lateral 

addagode, j. A parti- 


tion wall. 

^^oij addaghaya, J. An un- 
timely or accidental death. 
esrf ^jssSjatij S^ri to be caught 
suddenly, to be in danger 
of life; to be very afraid. 




addacauka. s. A box 


in which the linga is kept, 
addacci (e>ri-fJ), j. An 

13 fcr X ^ ccr/ 


addajati, see es^a^S. 

addana, s. A shield. 

e5drari addani, addanige, 
.y. A bench. 

dcl addane, ^ esrfr. 

^sd addatare. s. An ill-formed 



^ |j?;e3, S5c^ |J3^ S addatole, ad- 

CS (3 

datol^i, J. A transverse beam, 
d rfo&fi addadandige, ^. A kind 


of an open palankin carried 

addadande, s. A hand- 
cuff. 2. a partition wall, 
parapet, dam. 

addadabbe, s. The bam- 
boo pole with which anything 

is carried across the shoulder. 

c3D^>o3j addanalayi, ^. A stam- 
mering tongue. 2. lying, 

danita,<zdfo. Broadwise. 

3ioJ, s3^3Jo-S- addapante, ad- 

G> ca D 

dapankti, J. A line crossing 

another. ^otfo^ to sit at 
meals apart from others (in 
a siderow). 

dS3e)id addapatera, s. Inter- 
rupting one in speaking. 2. 
contradicting, gainsaying. 
3TO<itfo to interrupt, gain- 


addapudaru, s. A nick- 

addapude. s. A load 


carried on a pole by two or 
more persons. 2. a load car- 
ried on the shoulder. 

addabare, see e9rf7^>?<5. 


addabeli, 5. A hedge or 
fence across a path. 
sjod addamara, s. A cross-bar. 


sirariF addamarga, s. A cross- 


way, by-path. 2. a false way. 
a dooQ addamudi, J. A female's 


tuft of hair fixed on the side 

of the head. 

6 addara, addare. s. 

C$ C3 

Tetanus; <2/^<? SjseX. 

^, ?5d^ addali, addali, ^. A 

ca ca 

pole placed across. 

addavakkelu, s. A new 
or temporary tenant or 
d^do/Y addaserangu, s. The 


upper end of a woman's cloth 

drawn over the right shoulder. 

rjsa addasadi, s. A by-path, 



?3e)23 tf addasalu, J. A trans- 
verse row or line. 2. repeated 
interruptions, interference. 
addalige, see esrf rf^. 

addaduni (?ZRS), -v.n. 
> ^ 

To walk to and fro, to parade. 

s^aa addadiddi, ^'. Awk- 

a>- a, J 

ward, clumsy. 2. topsy-turvy. 
addapini, j^ s^- 





.ildi, s. Obstacle, stoppage. 
2. opposition. 3oo^$ to hin- 
der, prevent, oppose, stop. 

To put out, drive out. 

z addyara, s. An earthen jar 

or vessel. $?33 o3 a water 

e:l r addye, J. A cake, pudding. 

C3 *0 

:"i adnadi (vrt.^S), adj. 
Indifferent, middling. 2. vul- 

gar, low. 3. wild; cf. wcjrS. 
y>, >, wci\ adpini, adpuni (S), 

eS s* adpillu. ^. A kitchen. 


- r^, c o d~ r ~ ra 1 4^ v--c^ a " 
dyonuni, adyondupopini, "'. //. 
To leave a place at once. 

anaka, s. Narrowness, 
closeness, adj. Narrow, small. 
anakasanaka,^//. Quar- 

anapu, s. Need, want. 
2. urgency, necessity. S.hin- 
derance, obstacle. 4. harm. 
anaru, s. Moss, lichen, 
mouldiness, the green stuff on 
stagnant water; cf. sn>^os3. X 
to become mossy, slimy. 
rv* anasu, ^. A handle, hilt. 

anavuta, see &tt&. 
erasr anavuni, anna- 

vuni(55^), t-. 7z. To look up, 
lift up the face, gaze. 

ani, s. A kind of mask or 
appendage worn by a devil- 
dancer. 2. a peacock's tail 

when spread. 3. a small fly. 
^w^a. sstSos, BO;$ to put 
on a mask etc. 

anita, ^^/'. Elastic; aha 

3 anile, 

ers'i^o^o anilekayi, ^. The 

gall-nut, ink-nut. 
e5r$s3djd anilemara, s. The ink- 
nut-tree, Terniinalia chelnda. 
anu,.y. An atom, any thing 
extremely small, dust. 

, see esre^. 
Cv anube, adj. Soft. 
erl ane, int. Oh! hey. 
$5 f! ane, J. The forehead, see "&>&- 
2. steepness. 3. a very steep 
foot-path. 03^4$ to ascend 
a steep path. 
S5cl ane, see esrf. 

anekallu, s. A certain 
stone in a temple-yard dedi- 
cated to the tutelar demons 
of a temple. 

anepuni (3), v. a. To 
press, push, strike against, 
come in contact. 
^ri^d^j anebaravu, s. Fate, 
destiny. 2. appointed lot; 
see 5os?20^4- 

^ an'avu, anjavu,. 
S. \ man, male; also ef^Ae^- 
,e: 6 ankilu, -v. A very narrow 


door, a wicket. 2. a In 
os^zS a strait passage. 
r^ anya, -?. The prow of a 

^ ata 



S3^o^ atantra, adj. Unstable, 
infirm, weak, helpless. 

atantre, s. A dependent, 
helpless person. 
3> ati, pref. Over, beyond, ex- 
ceeding, much etc. 

atikrama, s. Transgres- 
sion, infringement. a^oSo a 
transgressor. ~&>$\$, e?#) 
so^s to transgress, encroach, 

^ atithi, s. A guest. 
}$<- atithya,.s#? J> ^ i g- 

atipriya, <//. Much 

i^O^ atirikta, ^/'. Excessive, 

^^odj atisaya, J. Pre-eminence. 
2. abundance. 3. wonder, 

^^so' atisarij, s. Diarrhoea, 

atisvadu, s. A good 


atula, atula, ^. 
Sesamum orientate, adj. un- 
equalled, incomparable. 

attu, afe/". "'. Not, not so; 
negation of quality; cf. <^& . 
^$ to deny, contradict. 
_ ^dbs to abnegate. es^tS if 
not, else, or. 
^o^ attantra, J. Absence of 

^ s^ 

mind, carelessness; ^ es^o^j. 
cS) attandi, part, (of es^) 
Not right, unseemly. ^)3 
an improper act, a wicked 

o^ attande, conj. (fiart. of 
esSJ But, besides, except, 
without, unless. 
^D*, y^d attaru, attara, s. 
A kind of mat made of split 

dj attaru, s. Otto <?r essence 
of roses etc. 2. perfume. 

v, v^ attala, attala, s. A 
kind of cake for the Sama- 
radhane feast. 

^sjjd attasamara, s. The 
fig tree, Ficus religiosa. v^ 
rid *^a platform built round 
the foot of a sacred fig tree; 

also C9Qs*. 

OJ (p 

atta, inter rog. of es^. 
^ attaru, see <^>- 

J( attige, s. An elder bro- 
ther's wife. 

g atte, s. A mother-in-law. 2. 
an aunt. 

ro^ atyanta, adj. Excessive, 
extreme, exceeding. 
qSr atyartha, ^/'. Excessive. 

o^ atyalpa, adj. Very small, 

odsjs atyavasya, adj. Very 

atyase, ^. Greediness, 
covetousness. 2. lust. 

sJo atyuttama, ^'. Most 
excellent, best. 

P atye, see es^. 

, S3^djo^ atri, atrhnuni, s. 
One of the seven sages, father 
of Candra. 



^ adpu 


atruvana, s. Insincerity. 2. 

i?u atresa, s. A kind of sweeten- ! 

ed rice-cake. 

i,?o atresa, s. The 9th lunar 

mansion, ( fr. e?3 e^). 2. a kind 

* v po / 

of rain in August. 

atharva, athar- 
vana, s. The fourth Veda. 
3*c? aduru, .?. A split, crack, 

adurupaduru, ^. The 
line of cleavage of a rock or 
other formation, which can be 
separated into slabs or scales 
or flakes. 2. shaking and 
quaking. e?La to go to 
pieces, be shattered, bruised, 
split, etc. 200^ a to crack. 
^'D^U adurata, s. Shaking, 

aduravuni, c. v. (o/<s$ 
, To shake, agitate. 

aduruni (^55). v.n. To 
tremble, quake. 

adaga, aifc. Then, at that 
time; cf. essiX, efiX. 

adaruni, see esSdoa. 

, 7-.rt.To 

cause to tremble. 2 . to admon- 
ish, rebuke, reprove. 
i^kCjo'" adalubadalu, s. Y.\- 
change. sfceoy-j to exchange. 

adiru, aduru, s. 
A limit. 2. a boundary wall, 

aduruni, ^ 

\d adruda ^. Uncertainty, adj. 
Unstable, uncertain; bd.&^t>. 

\4" adrijsya, ^//'. Invisible. 
l3Si, adrushta, s. Fortune, fate. 

QJ &j 

ade, .9. An inner room. 2. a 
small room. 

adeki, ^. Right of manage- 
ment of family-property ; alsj 
e?3?d. -cro^So an heir, the 
head of a family etc. 3^ 
the management or adminis- 
tration of the family-property 
to extend. 

adeli, adoli, s. A 
kind of chisel. 

adeli, adoli, s. 
Half an anna; t?.t^rj_ half 
a rupee, an eight anna piece. 
adeku, adeka, se^ 

adeca, see 

gati, J 1 . Perdition. 
lifi^doo^ adomukhi, ^. Down- 
ward tendency. 2. the name 
of a female Bhuta. 
N addana, s. Weakness. 2. 


sickness. 3. affliction; cf. 9= 

-. sr^- occ^o a weak or 

distressed man. 

03S, ed^ addalipuni, 
addolipuni (e^e, =.-- 
To rebuke. 2. to frighten. 
3. to command. 

adpuni (s?5), :. ;/. To go 
to stool, 7'//. 




3 adbhuta, s. A phenomenon, 

miracle, wonder, adj. Wonder- 
ful, surprising. 
S> adri .s-. A hill. 2. a tree. 


adruni, ^^ 

advana, w 


c3 x a adveita, . The Vedanta sa- 


stra <?r the doctrinal system of 
Sankaracarya which regards 
the Supreme Spirit and the 
human spirit as one. 
$s> adhaina, adj. Low, mean, 
vile. e?v3o a low or vile person, 
adhika, <^/'. Much, great, 

ep^rf adhikara, J. Authority, 
power. ^ a head official; 
a governor; a man of power. 

S3^3 adhipati, -s 1 . A ruler, lord, 

&Q& adhma, s. Possession, con- 
trol, adj. Dependent on. 3 
dependence, subjection. 

e5a?i3 adhme, s. An adherent, 
a dependent. 

e^iOJjr adheirya, s. Discour- 
agement, timidity, cowardice. 

ec^o ojj^ adhyayana, ^. Study. 
2. the reading of sacred 

&$= adhyakshe, s. A superin- 
tendent, overseer. 2. a bishop, 

eqrao odo adhyaya, s. Chapter, sec- 
tion; cf. ricp. 

adhvana,^. Labour. 2.ini- 


methodical effort, adj. Tired. 
2. weak. 3. wrong, spoilt. -TO 
oSo a hard-working man. 

ananta, adj. Endless, infi- 
nite. s infinity. ^odo^ 
Vishnu, as reclining on the 
coils of the king of serpents 
(asin Trivandrum). es 
Infinite, God. 

anapu, see 

anaryi, j^ 

Fanargya,^'. Very costly, 
priceless; fr. w^^oor. 

anartha, ^. Bad fortune, 
calamity, disaster. 

, S5^J^)^ anavata, anavuta, s. 
Iniquity, transgression, ere 
o3o a transgressor. 

^Drf anicara, J". Violation of 
religious rules or practices. 

2. misconduct, transgression. 

3. irreligion. 

anatha, adj. Forlorn, help- 
less, destitute. essraz? one 
who is unprotected, helpless, 
an orphan, es^ipa a widow, 
poor woman. 

3:a anadi, d^'. Without begin- 
ning, everlasting, eternal. 
3>qrad anadhara, s. Without 
basis or support, want of 
protection, adj. Helpless, un- 

S"5d-)l anamati, s. Deposit, any- 
thing entrusted. 2. all, the 
whole. 3. keeping in sus- 
pense; cf. 

53 i ani 



is3 anile, s. Bud, sprout, germ. 
2. soft timber. 35orfoos> to 
bud, germinate. sSS^sd a 
sprout from a seed. 
^i^Dwanivara,5. Trouble, bard- 
ship. 2. starvation. 

anishta, s. Something un- 
pleasant. 2. adversity. 3. 

anlti, s. Injustice, wrong. 
a.wi,pre/. After, like, under, 
along etc. 

, anukala, see es^>. 
anukula, s. Agreement. 
2. convenience. 3. help, aid. 
adj. Convenient, helpful. ? 
&s> to be convenient. rfos^s* 
to make convenient, arrange. 

^^.dors^ anukramanike, s. 

Arrangement, order. 2. an 
index, table of contents. 
?jjr( 3o anugraha, .$. Favour, 


regard, mercy, grace. 
&33 anutana, s. Opportunity, 
fitness. 3.8 ?> to watch for 
an opportunity. 
^j&N anudina, adv. Daily. 

Drf anupakara- s. Unkind- 
ness, disfavour. 

s anupatya, ^. Indigence, 
necessity, need, want of ni3ans. 
2. inconvenience. 

:T< anubhava, s. Enjoyment, 
suffering 2. experience. 

:., anubhavipuni, ". a. 
To enjoy. 2. to experience. 

anubhoga, s. Enjoy- 

anumati, s. Consent, 

JD^ anumana, J. Doubt, sus- 
picion, conjecture, surmise. 
2. fear. ^>s?^a to doubt, sus- 

jOj>ri anuraga, s. Love, regard, 

j anurupa, ^. Likeness, 

anulepa, s. Anointing, 

anuvandig-e, ^.Consent. 

anuvara, see oana^. 

anusara, s. Imitation, 

following. t?S according to. 

anepn, anepun 
(^), v. a. To touch. 2. to 
hug, embrace. 

anevuni, see <$33)d. 
anska, a^'. Much, many, 

S5^ anpini (^j, r-. ^. To say, 
speak; cf. 5o55, rsj^ ^. 

55 c^ anya, see f*. 

e5(i anya, a^'. Foreign, diffe- 

rent, strange. 
e5fiot5e)3 anyajati, s. A different 

class or caste. croc&> a per- 

son of a different caste or 

creed, a stranger. 
55 j4 d^ anyadesa, s. A foreign 

S5^2pD3 anyabhashe, s. A foreign 


.nyamanya, see ^?^- 

fj rj u <J 

ij anyaya, s. Injustice, 




wrong, iniquity, adj. Unjust, 
unreasonable. rocSo an un- 
just person. 

3.v e c& anyonya, . Communion , 
fellowship, friendship. 

apa, pref. denoting inferio- 
rity, privation, separation, 
contrariety etc.', also 5^. 
Jssd apakara, s. An unkind- 
ness, ill-turn, injury. 2. ma- 
lice, hatred. 

j&^r apakirti, s. Reproach, 
disgrace, infamy. 
Jr> apaga, adv. Then; also 

apacara,^. Impoliteness, 
insult. 2. fault. 
teoi> apajaya, s. Defeat, over- 
throw, loss. 

apaddha, s. A lie ; see essorf . 

' V 

3j?ta;fl apanambige, ^. Unbe- 
lief, distrust. 2. disbelief. 
ri^js^ apamana, J. Disrespect. 
2. disgrace. 3otf^$ to dis- 

d apara,^/". Other, opposite, 
latter. -SjoSo funeral rites. 
sJo^oN, ysJDDSo^ aparanna, 
aparahana, ^. Afternoon. 
^crai^ aparadha, s. Offence, 
guilt. 2. a punishment, fine. 
T?jabrs to pay a fine. ^oo 
STO^S, _ s^s-rfo?) to accuse of a 
crime, to condemn. rfo^si 
to commit an offence, to 
transgress; to fine. 

8oa aparimita, adj. Un- 
measured, boundless, infinite. 

aparupa, apru- 
pa, adj. Rare, uncommon. 2. 
scarce, adv. Seldom, rarely. 

3JS3"sd apavada, s. Censure, 
blame. 2. a false accusation. 
3. exception (to a rule). 

sJS^ apavitra, adj. Uriclean ? 

rf^.)^ apasakuna, .sv A bad 

tidij apasabda, s. Ungram- 
rnatical language, a vulgar 
expression. 2. bad pronuncia- 

rTO& apasaksi, s. False wit- 
ness, perjury. 2. a false wit- 

3j?d d apasvara, ^.. A discordant 


sound, hoarse voice. 
sJs?,rf apasmara, s. Convul- 
sions, epilepsy. 
sjsdos^ apaharipuni (es^^S), 
v. a. To take by violence, to 
usurp, plunder, rob, extort. 
^oosrf apahara, s. Usurpation, 

3GD?jo apahasya, s. Derision, 

3~ss apatra, adj. Unworthy, 
undeserving, unfit. e5sD^ an 
unworthy person. 
3DQ3j apaya, s. Danger, peril. 
2. misfortune, calamity. 

apara, adj. Boundless, 

aplmu, see ^sl?fA^>. 

apilu, s. An appeal. 




aputu, adj. Quite, entire, 

apurva, adj. Unprece- 
dented, uncommon. 

r apekshe, s. Wish, desire. 
2. expectation, hope. 3otfo^?>, 
e?33^;5:S> to desire, wish, re- 

C J^> apoli, s. Ruin, waste. 

S5?j appa, zVz/. of surprise: c^>c3 
es^ what may it be ! 2. a mode 
of calling a mother. 

5SJ appa, an aflix of respect 
added to proper names of 
men, as Ssi^, froX^, a^~y 
^ooo^^, etc. 

*53J appa, s. A kind of cake 
fried or baked. 

e^o3Do3j, es^oJ appantaye, 
appante, s. An honest, respect- 
able man, a good man. 

eSc^o^fl appantige, s. Honesty, 
fidelity, chastity, 

e.Ce appada, see ^- 

w rf appane, s. Command, or- 

oJ ^ 

der. 2. permission, leave. ^ 
^r^ to command, give order, 
permit. Bg^wos to take 

55^,33^ appappa, //. of sur- 
prise, sorrow. [cake. 

S53J y appala, J. A very thin round 

^ appalipuni C 55 ^), ?. a- 
To strike anything with the 
open hand, to squash. 

. appiyuni(?s^),r'.tf. To 
embrace, clasp; also ^> 

appukei, appei, ^. 
Folding the arms on the 
breast. X&>$, _^uo to 

^ tO 

cross or fold the arms on 

the breast. 

f appe, s. Mother. 2. an affix 


of respect added to proper 
names of men (as c^XA 
etc.)-, c/.&fr 

appo, appode, ^. 
A cake made for the per- 
formance of funeral rites. 
sl^^ aprakasa, Absence of 
light, darkness. 2. obscurity, 
3. secrecy. 

3ls3o?c3j aprameye, s. God, the 


gcSjsefcjtf aprayojana, s. Use- 
lessness, unserviceableness. 
jige, s. A bad man, 

?i aphimu, aphlni, 
s. Opium. 

aba, int. of astonishment. 
du, ^. Hoof; also*$y3v&>. 
a person with a cleft 
foot (a kind of deformity). 
rl abade, s. A kind of bean, 
abaddha, <//'. False, incor- 
rect, wrong. 33Did a false 
word. rf^r^re:j false news 
or rumours. 

,^. The stern of a ship, 
abare, s. \ common coun- 
try bean, Lablab vulgaris. 
W^e; abala, adj. Weak, impotent, 
abale, -y. A weak 0r impo- 
tent man. 




:oari abindige, .s-. Perplexity. 
2. obstinacy. 

abilase, see esEpeft^. 

aburu, s. Character, res- 
pectability, keen feeling of 
honour; cf. esgfodo, e?aootto. 
_ trooSo a respectable man. 
t3s^$> to dishonour, rebuke. 
S> essi-ydo crocSoK why are you 
so overbearing? 3?s9aoo-do dis- 
respect, dishonour. 
dft$eS aburoni, s. A kind of 
fish. 2. ^^ wdj^erS. 

23o3oji abepuni, abeyu- 
ni (C93), -. a. To beat or 
pound rice ; also esd^o a. 5 
doao esD, e?dS 9& rice well 
cleared of its husk. 

abesu, int. Lift up ! pull! 
an intimation that anything 
is ready to be lifted up, e. g. 
a basket or a bucket from a 
well etc. 

abbo, int. expressing wonder 

or grief. 

2o ^urarfr^abbagedarage, s. The 


proper names of female 
demon twins. 

, wudclabbara, abbarane, s. 
Boast, ostentation. 2. sound, 
noise, cry. 3otfo^, ^ow^ 
S>, esa^s^,^ to cry aloud, 
make noise ; to frighten ; to 

(0^3) abbalige (pu), j. A 
kind of flower. 

d abbe, s. An elderly woman, 

25.?j abbesa, s. Study, prac- 
tice, exercise. 2. familiarity ; 
fr. eepsgrf. 

^3J^ ) ^c > cl d> abroni dei, s. A kind 
of shrub, Grewia microcos ; 
also KKoiSflef5. 

2:JoJoabhaya,^. Security. 2. pro- 
mise of protection or pardon. 
3. confidence. 

zp-sd abhava, .?. Non-existence. 
2. annihilation. 3. a negative 

abhasa, adj. Worthless, 
vulgar. 2. corrupt ; fr. ?eps?i. 
&$ abhijana,^. A family, race. 

)^ abhina, s. Mimicry. 2. ges- 
ture; also 5p^odo. 
p^ abhine, J. A mimic. 

abhipraya, ^. Design, 
intention. 2. wish. 3. opinion. 
abhimaiia, J. A keen 
feeling of honour, pride. 2. 
regard, affection. 

bhilashe,.s-. Desire, wish,. 

abm'vruddhi, s. Increase, 
prosperity. 2. progress, thriv- 
ing, improvement. 
j)^^ abhisheka, s. Sprinkling 
with water. 2. consecration 
by pouring oil, ghee etc. 3. 
unction, ifc^^? 

the coronation of a king ; 

the ordination of a 

priest. 3otfo^ to anoint, 
ordain, install. 



; abhuru, sec 

ee^oo^d abhyantara, s. An inter- 

val. 2. delay, vexation. 3. 

obstacle. 4. offence, scandal. 

SfLstobe an impediment, to 
be delayed. =&&Lr&, _ -rfo^S) 

.to binder, object, offend, vex. 
xj abhyasa, sec erd^ri. 

amake, s. A tendril; 2. a 

5Jor3, *3;i>, amani, amani, s. 
A nipple ; also &$&>$. 
dj^)^ amapuni, v. a. To quiet, 
press down; see es~ 
djo* amaru, #//. Twin. 2. 
double. 2croe3#otwin children. 
5i>3 amara, #<//. Immortal, j. 
A deity. 2. an immortal. ^ 
immortality. cUe^ beaven. 
5Jod&^ amarakosa, ^. The 
name of a Sanskrit dictionary 
of synonyms. 

d^Di)^;^ amaravuni (sfrfous), 
7'. a. To push forward. 2. to 
bold fast. 

amarige, s. A heap; also 
^<3os> to heap up. 
i, s. Disres- 

pect, incivility, dishonour. 
adj. Disrespectful. 
5i>00&>j, 5si>d>> amariyuni, 
amaryuni (^5)^ - L >. n. To ag- 
gress. 2. to cleave to. 
doC-oXj amaruni (^>o), r.n. To 
become quiet, calm. r r . a. To 
settle, seize, touch, hold. 
sl)6 amare, s. A ditch, canal. 

3e;$ to make a ditch, dike. 


?", i'. a. To frighten. 

5F^ amarsila, 
amarsala, ^. Brimstone. 
3JjS3 ff amalu, ^. Intoxication, 
drunkenness, giddiness. ^js? 
XO a drunkard. 3^$, 
to be intoxicated. 
to intoxicate. 
amasani, see es^oo^rJ. 
amasara, s. Necessity. 
2. urgency. 3. hurry cf. v& 
tt. rfo^si to hasten, be in 
a hurry. 

amanatu, ^. Deposit. 
2. suspension. -rfo^-" to sus- 

amarige, s. A trunk. 

amaruni (5s^-?o), -r 1 . a. 
To suit, fit. 2. to embrace, 
hold. 3. a plant to twine. 

5 amise, ama- 
vase, s. The day of the new 

amita, adj. Immeasurable, 
boundless, infinite. 
)J5)N amlne, s. A sheriff's 
officer; see &2x<f*. 

amusani, s. Pride, arro- 
gance, insolence, haughtiness. 
_ &ee3ra3i$ to show pride. ^ 
^ft to be proud. 

-^ amulya, //'. Costly, 

y^x a amruta, <?.-//'. Immortal, s. 
Nectar, ambrosia. 2. different 



fluids as water, milk, palm- 
wine etc. 5sQ3o a custard- 
apple. ~3rf Anoii'i sqii'Diio- 
sa, the custard apple tree, 
_ s^do Cocculus cordifolius, 
the heart-leaved moon-creeper 
_ -&>^3 the mythical churning 
of the sea for nectar. sra^o 
sweet words or speech. ^, 
ts^S immortality; cf. rfo^s^. 
13 do ame, s. Ceremonial impurity 
or defilement in case of 

amatupattuni (3o), v. a. To 
press, hold in the arms, hug. 
3o?$o amedhya, .?. Faeces, 

lo?7i amoga, adj. Precious, 
excellent. 2. fruitful. 
amcikayi, see 

, s. A lady. 2. mother. 

3. gen. of es^. 
5^oj,> ammuni (S^), ^. a. To 

swallow, devour. 
tssS^ amme, ^<? 
3 si) a amsani, j 


aya, Jt'6' esc&o. 2. good luck. 
3. a tax. 

ayana, J. Going. 2. a path. 
3. a half year, that is the 
course of the sun northward 
and southward from solstice 
to solstice each of six 

3ooC3t> ayinda, adv. Hereafter, 
in future. 

ayigulu, see 

ayita, s. Readiness. 2. 
decoration ; also so^. rfo^-j 
to dress. e?L& to be dressed, 

s ayinu, see ^. 
ayibu, see 
ayivaji, see 

ayukta, c?^'. Improper, 

&O3 ayuta, www. Ten thou- 
sand, a myriad. 
SJS^r^ ayog-ya, ^'. Unfit, un- 
worthy disreputable. & un- 
fitness, unworthiness, disre- 

3j3?^ ayodhya, ^. The capital 
of Rama, the modern Oude. 
ayya, see ^. 

ayyappa, //. of pain. 
ayyala, s. Five seers. 

n ayye, ^. A priest, minister, 

teacher, master. Voc. esorfoosir. 
Plur. esoSooS gods, Brahmins; 
an affix of respect added to 
proper names; see es-jy 
s ayyeru, sej >35. 

5 ayyelu, -$" Five pairs of 
oxen or buffaloes. 

ayyo, int. of grief. Oh, 
ah, alas, woe. When feeling 
annoyed, dear me. esodJoocW 
int. of grief, pain. 

ara, s. A file. 3 3i-rfo the 
teeth of a file. ^>t$oa to file, 
rasp. Xoorftf a round file. 




wd ara 

arankavuni, see 

..j arantuni (ss^cS), v. a. To 
grope for, grasp. 2. to seek, 
look for. 

:s3 arantele, s. A greedy 
person, a miser. 

c JCc2':t arantade, s. A royal re- 
sidence; cf. e9zteo& 

ucc ij arantuni (srts),r.. To 
feel, grope. 2. to grasp at. 

33oWo arambuni (estfo?5), #. #. 
To touch. 2. to climb, creep 
up (plants); also esdooeoos. 

55 3=0* araku, ^. Arrack, country 
spirit; cf. XoX?jd, TOT?. 

araku, 5. Gum-lac, sealing- 
wax; ^^ , t?jaceo^_ stick-lac; 
tf&_ black sealing-wax ; T?C^_ 
red sealing-wax; &:u. seed- 
lac; 83 shell-lac. 5?b^, 
_3TOTi)?> to seal, fasten with 

araku, ^. A. fine, white 
cloth ; also t^ &3^. 

ifr^fC"^' arakutelu, s. A large 
black scorpion, scolopendra. 
J arakalu, see es^r^. 

ec? arake, adj. Half filled (<?//. 

of 5>e3 full). 
atis^, wdsjo arakhu, arakhu, ^. 

Essence <?r spirit distilled 

from any thing; cf. &d&. 
esrfrfrls aragani, s. Kitchen fur- 

SSdArs aragini, s. A talking par- 

rot. 2. a neat or tidy woman. 

araglsu, ^^: r . However, 
at any rate; in connection 
with 11 eg. verbs by no means, 
never; e?^3o es3?\ ? ^> ^5o^oSo he 
will never do it. 
aragu, see <rf&. 

aragundara, s. Ruin; 

aratuni (s^S), r. ?/. To 
scramble, fumble. 2. to make 
a grating noise. 3. to inter- 
rupt, blab; also ?9$&>rs>. 

arate, s. Prate, blabbing, 
tattle; also so^a. 

araduni (sstfS), i\ a. To 
gather up, to grasp. 2. to rub. 

53dd=gs)05jaradekayi, sec ss^^aoso. 

ydcl arane, s. The green lizard, 
Lacerta interpunctuala, said 
to be poisonous; 9tfs3 ^osS" orf 
T5or}oe if a lizard bites death 
(is certain). ^0 a kind of 
creeper used in medicine. 
3jso> a kind of fish. 

aranya, s. A wilderness, 
forest, adj. Wild. 

wdo arati, s. Anger, passion; 

S5d J, S5dcS arate, arade, ^. Heat, 
burning. 2. impetuosity. 3s> 
3 burning heat; s^^ctS 3iDe3 
e?aors> to burn very much or 

ydci^, ?5dc3De3 aradala, aradale, 
s. Yellow arsenic or yellow or- 
piment. ^^ yellow o.chre. 

2dc3c*araderu, A class of 




Mohammedan merchants. 2. 

policemen, peons; also Sodd5. 

aranari, see es^^o. 

3032s* arapu, arapelu, s. 

ds^sl arapucce, s. The shoe- 
flower; sec OBSJ^. 
d5j))arapuni(593),r.72. To cool, 
become calm; tS^esd^s to 
become cool. 

arape, s. A crack, split ; 

esdtod 3X> arabara tinpini, v.a. 
To eat greedily, devour. 

53d2Js)oSo, s3Quj) arabayi. arabci, 

.y. Violent clamour, crying 

aloud, lamentation. ^JS&FS, 
_^?L^to cry out vehemently, 
to bawl out, lament. ri ^^ 
a braying brawler, t 1 /^. 
arabi, j. An Arab. 

arabu, s. Covetousness, 
desire, eagerness for gain. 
dz^x arabei, see 

aramane, s. A palace, 
royal residence. 

aralu, s. Drizzling rain. 

to drizzle. 

araluni, ^. The black 

j> araluni (^^), v. n. To 
open, expand. 2. to bloom, 

JsiU:^ aralole, s. A tender 
palm-leaf. 2. a kind of ear- 

arava, ^. Tamil. eps^ the 
Tamil language, c5?^ the 
Tamil country. 
ddo!3^, 55dde3^ aravantige, 
aravatige, s. A shed where 
water is served gratuitously 
to travellers. 

ds^ors aravamani, s. A kind of 

aravasi, see <Q-zx>&. 

aravu, J. Width, breadth. 
adj. Wide, open. 

,z'.<2. To heap 



kutta, arasinamunda, s. The 

arasu, s. A king, monarch. 
^oo a royal family. &3 
royalty, kingship. ^-R a 
king's son, royal prince. 
^o^j^ arasulcutta, 5. A kind 
of dropsy. 

?jo^oO arasukuri, s. A car- 
buncle; also 
arase, ^ 

araluni, J 

arajaka, ^/'. Kingless. 
. Anarchy, confusion. 

arabi, ^'. Broad, large, 
extensive. i^ a very large 

oar ami, adj. Unlawful. 2. 
vicious, restive, f. i. a horse; 

also 5cC3<30. 

aravu, see estf^. 
> aravuni (^), v.a. To 
gather. 2. to embrace, clasp 




in the arras. s^>5 is^ys to 
embrace or receive with open 

araly. (*-tf ), .?. A person 
doing half a day's work. 2. 
half a day's wages. 

ari, .$. An enemy. 

ari, s. Rice freed from husk. 
Some of the principal kinds 
of rice are : cec: 55, e933 

^ arivlna, ^. A metal dish; 

', i3 

t;, ^06. 

& -6 
3. 2. 

any small grain, f. i. 
3. the testicles. 

S^ arikala, s. A place for 
husking rice; also eotf^o. 

arike, s. Consent. 2. con- 
fession. 3. request. rfotfo^ 
to reveal, confess; to inform, 
represent; to request. 
5$r\~/ ariglsu, sec s93?\?oJ. 

arijola, s. Indian corn, 
Sorghum saccharatum. 

i ariti, see 3~. 
et^Cov aridala, see tsttti. 

-, aripuni (- i), t-. . To sift. 
2. to strain, rilter. 
e2So5 aripe, s. A sieve, colander, 
strainer; *o ei a leak (in an 

oo \ 

earthen vessel). 
. ariya, sa- tsa^r. 
ariyantra, ^v 


arve, set: esr. 
, arishta, s. Misfortune, 


misery. a^//'. Unfortunate ; 

arishte, ^. An unfortunate 
man, a poor man, a person 
in distress. 

aru, s. Brim, edge, margin, 
border. ^3 to reach the 
shore, to land; to get out of a 
difficulty, to be successful; 
cf. es-rfoTCo. 

e3djczjo> arumbuni, see f>tfoax>$. 
wdorlj arugu, ^. Verge, brink, 
border, margin; cf. >3o. 
. aruci, s. Want of appetite, 

yclrs aruna, adj. Purple-colour- 
ed. s. The name of the rising. 

arupu, sec 
jrf arubuda, see 

arumutte, s. The gills- 


of a fish. 

. :-. n. To weep 
with loud lamentation and 

d! aruve, s. The mouth of 
a river, a seaport; also f>tfo3. 
3 OTJ$" a bar, the entrance 
to a harbour. 

aruve, sec &3r. 

aruhu, s. Knowledge. 2.. 
understanding, perception. 




arulumarulu, adj. 
Foolish, simple, childish. 

arupa, arupu, adj. 
Formless, invisible. 2. de- 
formed, ugly. 

6 are, s. Half, a moiety; cf. 
3r. -e?f half a man's height. 
3o2rfj> arericuni (es^osS"), #. #. 
To rub off, peel, skin. 
6ot3D^)^ arerijavuni, c.v. (of 
e9z3o&io$), To cause to deny. 
2. to hide away. 
0otdo^ arerijuni (es3cs), v. a. 
To deny, gainsay. 2. to 
conceal; cf. e93oa*o$. 
6o3 arenjele, s. A denier, 
disown er. 

s3 arentele, see es-dofcSeS. 
ro* arekannu, s. A half sight, 


an imperfect glance. 2. squint 
eyes. 3. eyes partly closed. 
ds'sdi arekani, s. The hundred 
and twenty-eighth part of any 

^'doa.) arekayi, adj. Half ripe; 
also 3riA7>Q3o. [part 

arekalu, s. The eighth 
areke, see ^^. 

?56^J3c3oa* arekodyelu, s. Half 
salted <?r insufficiently season- 
ed dish. 

^drfofcj* aregantu, s. A loose knot ; 
2. half a load, a small bundle. 

ssdrra^aregala, s. The hot season, 

5&3k3 arecatte, adj. Half dead. 


2. reduced, thin, lean. 

arosappe, #^'. Tasteless, 

8233^ are^ati, ^/'. Half-caste, 
mongrel, mixed. 
d^^sj arejiva, s. lit. Half the 
life; the state of being half 

6^0^ areduni (35), v.a. To 
spoil, corrupt, mar, taint. 
2. to destroy, ruin, 
aredala, see. esrtes*. 
j areduni(5^S),r'.. To low. 

arenari, s. A person 
dressed partly as a male and 
partly as a female. 
S36?i"5)s;D05j arendlayi, s. A stam- 
mering tongue. 

36^627 arenirelu, s. A slight 
shadow. 2. an imperfect 

S2 6 373 2 s arepalu, .s. Half a share, 
half part; AST? a partner 
0r shareholder entitled to half 
a share. 

e3853"s)^ arepavu, ^. One half of 
a quarter, one-eighth of a 

arepavuni, t. v. (of 
To cause to grind. 
2. to cause to submit; to sub- 

53o3)) arepini, arepuni 
, v. a. To pulverize by 
pounding or grinding. 2*fg- 
to oppress. 253^ 5^, ^53, 5^ 
a grinding stone. 

^ arepu, arepelu, s. 
The act of grinding. 2. that 




which is ground for condi- 
SfdzoocS arebariji, lit. Half the 

stomach, adj. Half fed, not 

satisfied, deficiently fed. 

z3 arebanda, adj. Half cook- 

y5:^)DiJ arebayi, see estfsrooso. 
io 8 " arebirelu, lit. Half a 

finger (measure), s. About 

half an inch. 
e6z3i arebei, s. Twice thrashed 

S3 6 slid sf aremadalu, s. A leaf 

of a palmyra. 2. one half of 

a cocoa-palm-leaf. 
wds^Orirv* aremanasu, lit. Half 

mindedness. s. Indecision. 

2. reluctance. 
esddoo*F aremarlu, s. Craziness, 

weakness of intellect, adj. 

Half mad. 
es^djssis; aremapala- s. A small 

wild fruit, Randia longi- 

$36six)oci aremunde, s. A widow, 

whose head has not been 

56s3oc&> aremeyi, adj. Reduced 

in body, lean, thin. 2. half 

inclined, half minded. 
e56sD^ arevasi, s. A half part, 

a moiety. 
^wOic-j's* areyal, s. An honorary 

name given to a section of the 

Bant caste. 
:-j$, ?5d4?i areyuni, arevuni, 


arka, J. The sun. 2. a crys- 
tal. 3. a shrub, called also 
the yakkamale (orfo^jed). 

arkariji, s. Swill, dish- 
water, the washings of rice 
etc. ~ ^^ different kinds of 
leaves chopped and mixed 
with straw and boiled in a 
swill for feeding cattle with. 
arkati, see oo^-S. 
arkade, s. Sunset. 
FsS.) arkame, s. A strong de- 
sire, eagerness. 2. indigestion, 

F^Farkarka, adv. By degrees. 
_ &^& to eat repeatedly. 2. 
to gulp down. 

F^ arkalu, arkalu, 
^. A knot, tie. EDcSoa to tie, 
make a knot. Tx^rs to loosen 
a knot, to untie. 

FO S arkilu, arkelu, ^. 
A handful. fcosS *F-^ ^ 
^or give (uiey a handful of 

jF> arkuni (25^")- f. ;/. To 
become less. 2. to be humbl- 
ed, depressed. 
arke, see d^. 

arkeburu, see es^ 

J* argantu, ^. Determina- 
tion, resolution. 2. obstinacy; 
3. malice. csol) an obsti- 
nate man. rfotfo^s to per- 
severe in obstin.-iry. 
iFo^argante, s. A resolute or 
obstinate person. 




a argiliyuni, 

argilyuni (59T\re5, ef>?\r6), v. n. 
To loathe, be disgusted, v'hr 
5 3c$ to eat with aversion. 

argisu, see 

argule, s. Loathsome- 
ness. 2. disgust, aversion. 
arge, see. ?&*. 
arcake, s. A worshipper. 
2. a priest. 
es^F?3 arcane, s. Worship, ado- 


e52&F3^)> arcipuni, v. a. To wor- 
ship. T. n. To officiate as a 

S5Z2F arji, s. Petition, representa- 
tion; complaint. cs^a peti- 
tioner. ^jsbFcS to present a 
petition ; essSr ^j&Bcii TksSr 
ei^Oj when the petition is 
presented it will be favour- 
ably considered. 
arjita, see ef^r^. 

arjune, s. The third son 
of Pandu (sroozl)). 

ei>F> artuni, J^ 
arduni, see 
arta, see $r. 

arti, J. An amusement, 
sport, fun. 2. novelty, curios- 
ity. 3. fondness. craoSo a 
merry man, a person given 
to pleasure. iJ&so^s to 
please, amuse; to fondle. 

arti, ^. The wild fig tree, 
Ficus racemosa. SDQSO an 
unripe wild fig. 

F artha, ^. Gain, wealth, 
riches, esp. money. 2. mean- 
ing. ^^s> to explain, inter- 

ardala, ^^ estfrftf. 

, 5 1 . Half the gain. 
arduni (Sr), z'.a. To 
wash <?; bleach clothes. 
F ardha, s. Half, a moiety; 

rf- &*- [tion. 

ardha'sa, ^. A half por- 

5^F^ arnana, arnana, s. 
A male Pariah (a/^esorfrc). 
JFEa arpada, ^. Small-pox; 
/^<9 iSjaeX. s ^d a pock- 
mark. ^e^ sirrf a kind of 


small-pox which leaves scars 

or marks. 

JFcl arpane, ^. An offering. 

to offer. 

e3 arpata, s. Lamentation. 
arpita, ^^'. Presented, 
offered. [cry. 

ini (895), z-. . To weep, 

arpipuni, arpi- 
suni (SS^F, esbroJ), -u. a. To 
dedicate, offer. 

arpuni (s 5 ^), ^'. To 
efface, waste, obliterate; cf. 

e333re3arpele, s. A fretful person. 
2. one easily moved to tears. 
essr^F^ arpesi, see <3^<>z>. 
arbata, see e?^r. 

arbayi, see efj-dsroosj. 
^!F arbi, ^. Water collected in 
an elevated place. 2. drizzl- 




ing rain. -S^os water to 
fall in broken streams over 
a small height. ?c^o$ water 
to run out, to fall in broken 

arbu, s. Stinginess, ava- 
rice. ^oUJjS* to covet, desire, 
long. ns^So a greedy man. 
arbuta, arbuda, 

arbuda, num. Ten crores, 
100 millions. 

JOFCSdfl^rt arbudaroga, s. Dif- 
ferent swellings, especially 

armbude, s. A skull-cap 
made of the spathe or cap- 
sular bark of the areca palm 
and worn by a class of Pariahs 
(called **M*rt>> 

arya, s. A small earthen 
vessel ; GSjo33ajoF an oil-pot. 

aryana, see ^Sssre. 

aryuni (5), "'. . To 
ooze, drip. 2. to flow, run, as 
water; also 3o5orfjo$. 
arlumarlu, see 

aria, s. Half a seer. 
.^JF^ arluni (W^F). r. 1 . w. To 
burn, blaze. 2. to smart; 
e?orfo jj?? t9;j?c-rf:> //"/. his face 
is burning, z*. e. he is very 

arlole, s. A kind of fish. 

^dF^, i5^Fd> arvatte, arvade, s. 
\ mini's sister's son. 

arve, s. A cloth; an old 
rag. ^ooy^^sr a piece of 

arve, see es3o3, ef>#o3. 

zjFotl arsande, s. Rejection; 
disrespect; making light of. 
?oFo3o, W^FOJO arsaya, arsaya, 
s. A certain festivity <?r cere- 
mony. ^c3^ro3o the ceremony 
of leaping over burning coals, 
performed by devil-dancers 
or dasaiyas (cs^odon). 

arsavuni, see 
arseve, see e 

alumbude, ^. The castor-oil 
plant. fts^$bax)Z$ a smaller 
kind, called Ricinus commit- 

s^oaS alumbe, s. Suffering. 2. 

alumbevuni, -r 

alumbhava, J. Satisfac- 
tion, contentment. 2. experi- 
ence, knowledge; sec S5Eio?rf. 
e^o^D^ alumbhavipuni ( 
>c#3), t-. . To feel satisfied, 
content. 2. to experience, en- 
joy, suffer, to be vexed. 
aluku, see es^- 

alugU, SCC 55S)K. 

aluge, s. A kind of drum. 
sl alupucce, s. A pole- 

, U7 


alube, a. Frail, fragile. 
2. weak, pujiy, thin. 




S5oo^ alaiiku, s. An armadillo. 

2. a kind of fish. 
S5oo5 s alanku, s. The dried 
oil-plant QtSesamum Indicum 
or jinjili seed. 
es wo 30^ alankaripuni (esao^a), 

r'.tf. To adorn, decorate. 
S3s;oc)d alankara, .?. Ornament, 
decoration. 2. beauty. 3s~r 

alankavuni, . v. (of 
, To cause to shake, 
to shake. 2. to perturb, con- 

oo^o^i, w^orio^ alankuni, alan- 
guni (wao'F, eseJoK), z/. . To 
shake, agitate, wave, move. 
2. to strike or knock against, 
trip up. v.n. Be agitated. 
esaci? $ ? 5 agitated water, 
alan^a, J. A rampart, 
alantuni, see 
alambuda, see 
alambuni (eseo^S), ^. a. 
To wash. 2. to shake, be agi- 
tated as water; see 000200$. 
d alambhava, .sw es^o^d. 
alaka, J. The town of Ku- 
bera, the god of wealth. e? 
^?j to become wealthy. 

^rio alagu, alagu, s. 
Tremulousness or quivering 
of the voice in singing. rtgd 
a tremulous voice. 
p>rto5> alaguni (5K), v. n. To 
shake; cf. 
alage, ^ 

alacuni (5?sF), r. /?. To 
move, shake; cf. e5>e>;3os>. 

alajavuni, c. v. (of 
, To shake; see 

alajuni, ^ 

55^io5o alapayi, s. Hiring cattle 
for milking. T^S to take 
milch cattle on hire. &a&r?> 
to hire out milch cattle. 

e5^ alapuni see es^s, a 1 ^?). 

550 do alama, see e^. 

S3osi)J^ alamuni (e5<ySo), v. a. 
To mix with the hand. 
alaruni, see 5doo$. 
alavu, Steel. rf X^ a 
bar of steel. 

e;^)^ alavuni (e>), w. . To 
mix. 2. to temper. 3. to make 
even, to level. 

^s s alasu, adj. Old, worn out. 
2. bad. 3. mixed; also ^^>. 
^^/^'^ alasuballu, s. A thick 
rope, cable; see <^. 
alasa, j^ o'a'^. 

5^jro^ alasalu, alasig^e, 
^. Fatigue, weariness. 2. vexa- 

o?oj^ alasuni (c3), w. a. To 
agitate, shake, v. n. To be 
fatigued, vexed. 2. to suffer 
griping pain; cSoc!? eoosS esc; 
TiOG-rfo I have a stomach-ache. 

alakshana, ^^ es^e^pa. 
c, S3t;^ alakshya, alakshe, 
s. Disregard, negligence, in- 




ala, int. Behold, lo, there 
it is; see ~m>- 

j 9 " alaku, s. Destruction, 

ruin; see Scefc>. -rfo*?o.s> to 
ruin, spoil, destroy. e?5 
&?ls to go to ruin. 
y?3;, essein' alata, aladu, s. A 
thick coir-rope, cable; also 

alabi, alayi, ^. 
The annual Moharam festival 
of the Mohammedans. s 
bs to close the festival with 

:jjo alayuni(^e^) i\ a. To 
take away. 

^ alavuni, ^ ese>4s>. 
aliki, <z<//. Inferior, low, 
mean; bet. s63j- oi>#o^ to 
depreciate, disparage, de- 
grade. 3^>33 a word of con- 
tempt. low people. 
alige, see ep^^. 
alige, see &Q- 
alipuni, see W3>s. 

-0 s , yQ^J3D^ alimaru, ali- 
miru, s. The tree called Mc- 

^ aliyuni (2?e). r.?z. To 
dissolve, decay. 2. to perish, 
die, become extinct; also es5 

alivu, s. Extinction, ruin. 
yooorto^alunguni (ss^ooK), i<. n. 
To be soft, as a ripe fruit. 
. alumbuda, see 
. alumbuni, se 

, r.. To 

move; see eswc^os. 
JUor1 alubanga, s. Vexation, 
ale, s. Butter-milk; sc-' 

to churn butter-milk. 
ale, ale, int. Behold, lo! 

s3oj aleriji, J. Grease <?r oil etc. 
swimming on the surface of 
water. s^s greasy sub- 
stances to stick to something. 
alenjuni (S53c^), i'.n. 
To turn, aroosc- to hesitate 
in speaking. 2. to deny; see 

alejavuni c. r 1 . (<?/ e>3 
aios), To cause to shake, to 
shake. 2. to cause to mingle. 
eS^o ^ alejuni, alejjuni 
, r. n. To be agitated, 
disturbed. 2. to be turbid. 
3. to mix, mingle. 4. to be 

alepayi, see K^OSO. 

alepavuni, c. r. ( of & 
-), To cause to tire, to fa- 

alepuni (5?*?). t r . . To 
oppress, t 1 . w. To be fatigued ; 
see e53:-:^ -, 3o3^s>. 

j alemani, J. A European. 
2. a German. 

3ol>o, y?34^ aleyuni, alevuni 
(S5e3), T'. . To wander, roam. 
2. to be weary. 3. to bethink 
oneself. 35 &&& to stare; 



aleki, alekha, .?. An 
unwritten tfr blank leaf. 2. a 
blank book of palm leaves. 
=3prf) alevuni (3e), fl. . To 
bethink oneself; see ef><34$- 
alku, s. Timidity, adj. 


Timid, frightened; also aM^. 
_80jstfo$ to shudder. 
>, alki, j^ >#, 5o5 d . 

a alkuni 

. . To be 

afraid. 2. to start, shudder, 
tremble. , 
k& to be startled. 
SJ?4> algavuni c. v. 
To cause to shake; 
alguni, se 

aldekayi, s. The gall- 
nut, ink-nut, Terminalia che- 
bula. eseUSoS a good black 
y, alpa, adj. Little, small, 


trifling. 2. mean, low. a^>> 
of limited understanding ; cf. 


Sk^ni* alpisu, see ^^?^- 

alpucce, see 55^4^ 
alpe, s. An unimportant 

e3^?o alpesi, ^. A covetous man, 
miser. ^^/'. Low, mean, stingy, 
o.on* albangu, ^^ eseweooX. 


d albe, <2^/'. Thin, weak, lean. 
2. good for nothing. 
>, alma, ^. Breed, offspring; 
^ 5<^ a good breed, 
almana, see 89^o^n>=i. 

alme, almo, ^. A 

salutation given to Brahmins 
or Jains by inferiors. 

almeru, s. An almeira, 
a wardrobe. [pick, 

allukaddi, ^. A tooth- 
allambra, J. Agitation, 


alia. s. The Mohammedan 
appellation of the Supreme 
Being. 2. int. of surprise. 

allavuni (,), ^'. a. To 
mix; c/". ese^-s. 
, ?5)ri alii, allig-e, s. The 

' n 

water-lily; /J6> ^^^ ^ 8 - 
2. the flower of Nelumbium 
speciosum; also ss^-5. 

cio alludu, adj. Perishable, 
3 alle, s. The side, groin, hip. 


7?^ a lateral branch. 


ava, pref. implying dimi- 
nution, privation, 
ava, int. Behold, lo; see essro. 

JFS^avakasa, J. Opportunity, 
leisure; cf. -d^wti. 

ricsavagada, s. Calamity, evil, 
mischief. 2. disorder, con- 
fusion. 3. difficulty, danger. 

rbrs avaguna, s. An evil dis- 
position, a vice. 2. the state 
of growing worse. 

avaje, s. Sound, noise, 
avade, s. A kind of country 
beans; also e?^<5. 

3a>d avatara, s. Descent, in- 
carnation. ^3^33^ the ten 
incarnations of Vishnu ( -s^P ). 

\ fa/ 




!:^. avapatya, 

to become in- 
^jjj, avatte, set; 

avatsara, see 

avadhi, s. A limit, term, 
period, fixed time. 
!q$JsJ avadhute, .?. One who 
has abandoned his family 
and all earthly desires. rf 
:^g sire A - the manner of lead- 
ing a life of austerity. r^. 
see ss^>ce3 

Violation of 

a prescribed diet. adj. Con- 
trary to diet. 

avamata, s. Heterodoxy. 
avamana, see ozirfjs^. 

avayoga, .s. A bad 
omen, a portent. 
avare, ^f e?^:5. 

e3d3* aval^, ^/'. Best, first rate. 

3d the best kind. 
S53&>c2Jf3 avalambane, a^/'. De- 

pending on. .y. Protection. 

an asylum. 
S5^^rs avalakshana, ^. An in- 


auspicious sign. 2. ugliness. 

avale, ^. A rift, cleft, adj. 
Hollow, not solid. 

avasakuna, sec ss- 
avasya, s. Need, neces- 
sity. a.ij. Necessary, urgent, 
requisite. -^: 2 unnecessary. 
in avasatya, s. A lie, false- 
rfroC! avasara, 

^iicj avasana, ava- 
saya, 5. End, conclusion, ter- 
mination. 2. death. 
ssc; avasara, ^^ ssrfo^. 
d^, S3sj^ avaste, avasthe, s. 
State, condition. 2. circum- 
stances, situation. 3. diffi- 

, -inf. Lo! behold ; see 85^- 

avantara, adj. Interme- 
diate, included. 2. calamitous. 
s. Straits. 2. alarm, confu- 
sion. 3. public calamity. 4. 
foreign invasion. 
?5ss0o avacya, adj. Not fit to be 
spoken. 2. obscene. 

$5533^,, <*3S3*>^ avalte, avaltige, 
s. Charge, care; commission, 
conferred trust; safe keeping. 
-rfj^a to give in charge, to 
entrust another; also SCSB?^. 

S5^:3DC avicara, s. Want of en- 
quiry. 2. indiscretion, rash- 
ness. 3. negligence. 

3Jj avidhsya, adj. Disobe- 
dient. a disobedience. 

^ aviva>:a, ^. Indiscretion. 
2. imprudence, folly. 

ss^ST^avisvasa, s. Distrust, un- 


belief, unfaithfulness. 

avisvasi, s. An unbe- 



avu, //"<?. dtvy/. It, that, 
that thing. -Sf^cf besides 
that. tr4 I? is it that? e>3, 
5^e (cmph.*) just that, even 
that, the very thing. 




o^ avunkuni (as^oF), r. a. 
To crop. 2. to snatch, 3. to 
press down: ^ SedojcsS as 
iSo^orfo 3&V press it down as 
much as you can. 
^okbavuntu, s. Pride, haughti- 
ness, arrogance. 

avuntuni (4c^), r. u. 
To be proud. 

*3^)o^>^i avumpuni (^), v> a. To 
press. 2. to mumble. 

5^=oD?j avukasa, see as3^>3. 

S3^^^ avutana, s. A feast, enter- 
tainment, dinner; also gJ^r. 
_ -rfo^^ to give an entertain- 
ment. nsoSo a guest, 
avushadha, see ?ZA$. 
avulu, adv. There. 2. 
beyond ; also S^o. es^^i'&i 
here and there. es4$? (emph.) 
just there, even there, in that 
very place. 

^oOdo avyaya, s. An indecli- 
nable word, gram. 
do 4 avval, w* s^- 


si^ asakta, ^/'. Weak, feeble. 
2. sick. 

gJ-S- asakti, ^. Weakness, in- 

^ asakte, s. A weak <?r sick 

asakya, adj. Impracti- 
cable, impossible. 

asana, s. Eating. 2. food. 
efxSfTO^r maintenance, subsi- 
stence; ^aLrdto give main- 
tenance, to feed. 

Incorporeal. ss^o a voice 
from heaven, an oracle. 
^2, sssbrf asuci, asuddha, adj. 
Impure, 'unclean, polluted. 
w&$ to become unclean. 
3^ uncleanness, pollution. 
sioZ^ asubha, ^'. Inauspici- 
ous, evil. ^. Unluckiness, 

)s3or! asemane, ^. A seat for 
the bride. 

JS^ asoka, s. Freedom from 
grief. 2. the name of a king. 
U^T? (sl)d) asoke (mara), J. 
The tree Uvaria longifolia. 
33 a grove of such trees. 
*, 553^53*' asrabu, asrap^, j^ 


Pro, aslesha, aslesi, 
see e? ?si. 


^ asva, s. A horse. 


jd asvattha-, asva- 
ta mara, see &^ ^>^. 
^3 asvapati, s. The king of 
horses. 2. a dynasty at Delhi. 
^ asvamedha, s. The cere- 
mony of sacrificing a horse. 
3SL, sssL^ ashta, ashtaka, adj. 

ashtakashta, s. Eight 
sources of troubles to which 
man is liable. 

sL^Dorl ashtakanga, s. A board 
or cloth having eight rows 
of squares eight in each row : 
a chess-board. 







ashtadigga.ja, s. The eight ele- 
phants which, according to 
the Hindu Sfistras, are sup- 
posed to support the earth. 
ashtage, s. An offering for 


the dead. 

Si.S'S^ ashtatala, s. A mode or 

measure in music. 

asbtadikku, ^. The eight 

" i 
points of the compass; also 

e9z^3o.e3. eszijEttf^ia^S the guar- 
dians of the eight points of 
the compass. 

^,d,^o ashtadravya, ^. An offer- 
j>J ^> . ' . 
ing of eight ingredients. 

3l3S|j, asbtapatti. s. An octa- 
eJ w 

^.3J& ashtapadi, s. A verse with 

eight feet. 

&j&oqS ashtabandha, s. A kind 

of mortar composed of eight 


?t?p?rJA ashtabhagya, s. The 
eight requisites to the regal 
state, viz. m&fi territory, $o 
zss^ treasure, rfoS forces, &3 
elephant, ^osb-tS horse, ^ 
ketasol, t?arbd fly-brush, -3 ) c 

3^zjja?rt ashtabhoga, j. The 
eight sources of enjoyment, 
viz. ^^ habitation, 553^ bed, 
^ocuo raiment, s^oso jewels, 
eSazfc wife, vP flower, Xcqi per- 
fumes, a:&7 -541^0 betel-leaf 


and arecanut. 

^,do ashtama, num. adj. The 
3^.dJ3riS ashtamasiddhi, see w 

eJ 9 

s^ ^JD. 
e3 <? 

^ >j ashtami, ^^ es> 
jj w 

3^[ ?o3 asbtasiddhi, J. The eight 

-j O 

miraculous attainments. 

ashtavidhana, J. The 

eight kinds of devotion. 

^oo^ ashtaksharimantra, 
^. The eight mystical letters 
used in incantations : 


asuru, J 

aJo asankhya, ^'. Innume- 

rforfv3 asangati, s. An adverse 
circumstance, an accident. 
orfzjjf asandarbha, s. Unsea- 
sonableuess, inconvenience. 
adj. Unconnected, irrelevant ; 

^o^oqj asambandha, s. Discon- 
nection, incoherence, adj. Dis- 
connected, incoherent. 2. ab- 

asanhya, ^- Disgusting, 
loathsome, s. Molestation, 
intolerable vexations. 2. dis- 
gust, aversion. e?La to be 
disgusted with. 
asakta, ^^ -^^ 
asadde, s. Disdain, con- 
t( : mpt, scorn. 2. negligence, 
carelessness. 33 the state 




of being scornful or careless. 
_ T5o^$ to despise, neglect. 
^c. asatya, adj. Untrue, false. 
s. Falsehood. 

3?ic3 asaddha, adj. False. 2. un- 


S3 3 ck asadya, see steqJg. 

3?jo, s3?o3j?Fi asama, asamana, 
s. Inequality, adj. Unequal, 
dissimilar, unlike. 2. odd, 
diverse. 3. incomparable. 

S5^jj>zpe>cd asamadhana, s. Un- 
settled state, restlessness, un- 
easiness, disquietude. 2. dis- 
satisfaction, peacelessness. 
3. dissension, quarrel. 
?5?oo3o asaye, see &>*&>. 

asayya, see wrfc^g. 
asaru, j^ e?rf5. 

asarme, s. Management 
of a household. 
ti& s asalu, j. Root, origin. 2. 
capital, stock (in trade). 3. 
prime cost. 4. an original, a 
fair copy. 

?3 asale, 0^'. First-class, su- 
perior. 2. fine, thin, neat. 
?o$3 asale, j. A split. 200^$ 
to split, crack. [light, 

asalemasale, j. Twi- 

e3?J3oo^o?i asahipuni, 
asahyisuni (??ioo. .co).^. . To 
loathe, feel disgust at; c/". e> 



?ra^P asadhya, ^/'. Impracti- 
cable, unattainable. J. Im- 

asamya, see 
?js)rf asara, ^'. Sapless, taste- 
less. 2. worthless; also ZTfoip. 

Jorf asiddha, adj. Not achieved 

0r effected. 2. unprepared, 

not ready. 3. undecided. 4. 

asura, fl^'. Giant-like, 
gigantic. 2. cruel. t^o a 
cruel deed , diabolical action 
or work. 

asuri, ^. A giantess, the 
wife of a giant. 
oodo?oodj asurusuru, ^. A deep 

asure, s. A giant. 

asuya, s. Envy, jealousy, 

asura, adj. Yellow. 2. un- 
alloyed, as gold. 

asuri, adj. Extra, mis- 
cellaneous. -5^r extra ex- 

J3C> asure, s. Daily expendi- 
ture; sundry expenses; also 

asemane, ^^ 

asaukhya, s. Uneasiness, 
unhappiness, ill-health. 

^,, w^djs^ asta, astamana, ^. 

^,0*, 55^ astaru, astri, s. The 
lining of a garment. 
^ asti, J. A bone, asti hectic 

?^Se>d astivara, s. A founda- 






_ _ ?dj astu, astunama, 
s. Consent, agreement. 
^ aste, adi'. Slowly. aio&.s> 
to breathe heavily; bet. W^. 

asthira, adj. Unsteady, 
transient, fleeting. 

f , 5533^55 asraDU > asrapu, 
j. Xoble. 

5,&d asrabide (^3^3 !>?), (lit. 
a monstrous seed.) s. Any 
grain etc., the cultivation of 
which exhausts the soil. 2. 
a wicked person. 

y^ 1 ^, asrabe, s. A nobleman, 
good man. 

5^ asre, s. A destroyer; cf. 

asvastha, s. Sickness, ill- 
/. Unwell, sick, 
aha, ahaha, int. of 
surprise. Ah! aha! 
u cc G u & 3j) j ahankaripuni (55sc-5 
&),r.-.. To be proud, arrogant, 

55530=5^3 ahankara, s. Self-con- 
sciousness. 2. egotism, pride, 
self-conceit, haughtiness. cs 
a proud, self-conceited 
or insolent man. 

ahannlka, see ^g^- 

ahambhava, s. Self- 
consciousness, self-confidence, 

ahammati, s. .Sclf-con- 
ceitedness, a vain mind. 
c jl, ahi, s. A snake. 

ahita, adj. Disagreeable, 
unsalutary. s. Harm, wrong. 

' 'Csilj ahoratre, s. A day 
and a night lasting from sun- 
rise to sunrise. 
55<B* ala, s. Measure, capacity, 
alanku, s. An ant-eater, 
alankavuni, sec 

alankuni, see 
alantuni (es?cS). v. n. 
To shake. 2. to move. 
^ alaka, JT. A large basket 
for measuring rice 

alake, alate, s. Mea- 
surement. rfotfo^s to mea- 
sure, mete; cf. ef^^, 5539^. 

alapuni (^), t'. a. To 

alya, see oorfor. 
^alavuni (). r.. To mix, 
ala, ^ 
5 , alikattu, ^. Ruin. 


, alipuni (v), ?. . To 
perish, die. 2. to be destroyed, 
be ruined; also 6595 ;&9?b3. 

aliya, s. A son-in-law, 
nephew; as a rule a man's 
sister's son marries the daugh- 
ter of his mother's brother. 
bet. w^s^. 7$ci333 the law 
of inheritance in the female 
line. According to this law 
the family property descends 
not from a man to his son, 
but from a woman to her 




aliyantara, s. Kuin, 

aliyuni, see ws?^ 

T?O aluku, 5. Modesty, bash- 

aluvali, s. A daughter's 

aluve, .y. An instalment. 
2. a term of payment; ^. 

aluve, s. The mouth of 
a river, a harbour. 
^^ a custom-house; 
ale, .? 5?3- 

aleriji, s. A kind of weed 
growing on the surface of 
stagnant water. 

alej.juni, see 9e3&o$. 
alepayi, J^ efoziasj. 

alevuni (^), ^. . To 
muse, to be absent-minded or 
abstracted. es$5 &>>$ to 
look bewildered, perplexed; 

cf. 9e34$. 
, alkuni, see ese^s. 

altu, */. Thence; 

of" S. 

-o C 

^ alta (^. of the adv. 
^'. Of that place. 
<$ alpa, ^. There, in that 
place. ^^ here and there. 
tfe alya, ^ 

,, ^ri alii, allige, see 
alle, -? ^. 

55 aksha, ^. The eye. 2. a 
mark on dice. 3. a die. 4. 
a wheel. 5ee3, ^jetS, ^oix 
_srf^ gambling, playing with 

3 o^O akshantari, j. A gift of 
yellow rice. 
^, ^ a akshata, akshate, j. 

"A ' >M 

Raw rice mixed with kunku- 
ma (^'. e. turmeric powder) 
and used for religious pur- 
poses. rfocgsj^if rice over 
which incantations have been 

akshada. s. A red mark 


put on the forehead after 
dinner, chiefly by Brahmins. 

C3s)5Jj, y^sjji)^ akshadama, 


akshamale, ^. A rosary ^ string 
of beads, especially of the 
seeds of Elaeocarpus, used in 

akshaya, adj. Imperish- 
able, immortal. ss^ a brass 
vessel for receiving alms. s. 
The last year of the Hindu 

rf akshara, (lit. undecaying). 
s. A letter. -rfrae? (lit. a gar- 
land of letters) the alphabet. 

aksharalna, s. A scholar. 
akshi, J. The eye. 2. suc- 
cess, prosperity. ^<^ mov- 
ing of the eyes. ^e 1 ? a scor- 


sr^? aka 

a, The second letter of the 


a, dein. p-ron. That; e?^that 

side or party; ? 3tfrfj?>$ that j 

man. ? e?. efcdjs each, every, 

respective. ^sorfor each work. 

2. when added to two or more 
consecutive words, the mean- 
ing is disjunctive: either or, 
whether or; as ^siosSjro ?^3o 
~3 whether this or that man? 

3. it is an affix of interroga- 
tion, which changes accord- 
ing to phonetic rules into 
fro. od^>: as -S yes: 

it? 2^3 vou came: soa 

2 _JO 

you come? ^sthou,you: 
is it you? 



ankara, see 
inkita, ^6' eso-S-^. 

anke, s. Force, pressure, 
compulsion. 2. authority, 
power, control. 3. support. 
oSotfj^a to force, compel, to 
obtain by coaxing. -croo3o a 
strong, powerful man. 

h?c53 anglrasa, s. The sixth 
year in the Hindu cycle of 

andu, see & 


osd, trc^ antara, antra, ^. The 
bowels, entrails. sro^ swell- 
ing of the scrotum or testicles. 
flatulence: hernia. 

antarya, s. The mind: 
see 59o^o3or. 2. sentiment, 
opinion; ^/". >o3dcX. 
tJo) Sndi, J. Caution. 2. bail, 
a security. &os>^&> one 
who stands security, becomes 

andravayu, see 

" ambalu, J. A water-lily 
which opens after sunset. 

ambala, sec 
ambige, sec 

wo^ ambura, ambra, 
see s ? ^,- 

oiS ambe, aJv. There, on that 
side. 2. after, prep. Beyond. 
ozSa^ amberipuni (S'sda), 
7'. . To be drowsy or sleepy. 
2. to dream. 3. to be con- 

jcl amavade, sec 
amhika, sec 
akara, see 

=5^F akarsa, akarsha, ^. 
Attraction, drawing towards 
each other. -^ the power 
of attraction. 

: akara, s. Form, shape. 
2. tin' 


fci aja 

akasa, akasa, s. The 
atmosphere, sky. 
tf^-3 akire, ^. A nettle-plant, 

heterophyUa . 
akulu, flfcwz. />nw. (pi. of 
or ?f), They. 2. *V zV 
affixed to adjectives, partici- 
ples and nouns to con-cert 
them into personal nouns, as 
^D^o^o good people 
those that see, 
working people etc. 
3\3 akruti, ^. Form, shape. 
T^, akeri, akri, ^^ c^ 8 - 
-akhata, ^. An artificial 

s&cr, ys3>p akheirij, akheiri, 5 1 . 
The end, termination, adj. 
Final, last. adv. Finally, at 
last ; see V3&. 

akhya, akhye, s. A 
name. 2. the subject of a 
sentence, gram. 

akhyata, s. The predi- ! 
cate, gram. 

a 71 s ag^, (lit. fire), .y. Steam. 
o'Lsto be consumed, to come 
to an end. - AS&, see ^AsS. 
?S a steamer. 
agama, ^. Arrival. 2. a 
work on Hindu ritual ^. 3. 
augment, gram. 
rtdo^ ag-amana, s. Advent, ar- 

, wrrad agara, agara, ^. A 
habitation, house. 
agara, ^ 

fr^^cdo agneya, adj. South-east. 
rn agra, see ^Xotf. 

acamane, s. The cere- 
mony of sipping a few drops 
of water and repeating the 
twenty-four names of Vishnu 
(ssi^) before performing any 
religious ceremony. 

acarane, s. Usage, esta- 
blished custom. 2. obser- 
vance. 3. performance of re- 
ligious ceremonies. 4. a cere- 
mony, rite. 

04 acaripuni (*&), P. . To 
observe, practise, perform. 

acara, s. Usage, custom. 
2. conduct, -rfyra^-d tradi- 
tional observance. 

! acarane, see wt&te. 

acari, ^. A smith or car- 
penter. sojs-do a kind of 

>c&>F acare, a<5arye, s. 
A spiritual guide, a priest. 
d aja, An oath, a curse. 2. 
swearing. ^JS^FS to swear. 
_ 3j3?l>$ to imprecate, curse. 
LQoboos to deliver from an 
oath, to revoke a curse- 
ajane, num. adj. Sixth. 

ajar, s. Presence; bet. 553 
_e?lb^ to be present. 
to produce (a wit- 
ness etc.). 3iD3re^ bail, secu- 
rity for the appearance of 
another before a court of 
justice. ^^3 a 

zit aja { 

t?wr ajala, s. Six seers. 
wts^rf;^ ajavuni, c.v. (t/'e?os>), 
To dry or drain. 

9 ~"' Q ' 

sit^j ajij mi /a. oix. 
^,-^ ajiduni (e?35>), e. . To 
expose clothes etc. for drying. 

^S-r^ ft TiTlQ C/ 7 *? P^)?^. "*i 

ajipa, set, *y<G. 


?^), '.. To dry up, drain off; 
as, Xo3>d $ e 5 eyaScS the well is 
dry; ?3s5 ;Pe^$ to be dried 
up. ?32> dried, freed from 
moisture or sap. e?aioa un- 
dried, wet; ey&oa ^ooyj a 
wet cloth. 
2 aje, J^ ^3i- 

ajolu, num. adv. Six 

alrie, ^. Command, order. 


2. permission. 3. a judicial 

sentence, doom. 
j ajpa, ?/w. Sixty; j^ ?^3i. 
ata, s. Amusement, sport, 
game. 2. a play; craoSo an 
actor; a gambler. s^u, 
nacJo dancing and playing 
with music. 3. when forming , 
the latter part of cotnpounds 
it signifies continuity; as, es 
53s"U crying or weeping long. 

riJc^ atanku, atanka, 
s. Hinderarice, obstacle. 
i ati, s. The fourth solar 
mouth. - 5^*3 profound 
d.-irkn- 3 ;i kind of 


4\J } se 

y^c^d adambara, ^. Pride. 2. 
pomp, show. 

ademode, see ts&. 

adalodij, s. The Mala- 
bar-nut-tree, Justicia adha- 

adalite, adalte, J. 
Administration, management. 
2. governing. ^jab$ to man- 
age. ^?j?rooSo an admini- 
strator, manager. 
J3u4i adavuni, c. ^. 
To agitate. 2. to shake, 
adige, J. A belch ; bet. 
adig*e, adv. In vain, for 
nothing; see zfe^. 

aduni (^5), v. n. To move, 
wave, swing, vibrate. 2. to 
shake, totter, v. ii. To move, 
rock. 2. to shake. Different 
playful and regular move- 
ments are expressed by add- 
ing it to verbs; as, ^?s^3oa 
to be swinging, ese^rks to be 
'moving to and fro, etc. 
e! ade, s. A coward, 
adegu, sec 
adege, see 

adele, s. An unsteady man. 
2. a vagabond. 

d^a adevuni (^e), v.n. To 
be moving, undulating, vibrat- 
ing, wt3)33) constant mo- 
tion, oscillation or vibration, 
ps*' anu, "'// Male. cj35 a 
male child, a, boy. ^3 a male 




tree. s. A boy, youngster. 
e?ro rs)^ the bridegroom's 

anugadi, J. The lower 
half of a cocoanut-shell. 

5*zJ3S3) iinujovu, s - ^ male, i 
man ; also ssre ^. 


anupeja, s. A male varie- 
ty of the wild jack-tree. 

ana, s. The entrance to a 
harbour. T? wo^oa, ef&sXo 
8e&s> to stand <?r wade in 
shoal-water for fishing. 

ani, s. A peg, nail. 2. a 
wedge. 3. a screw. 
^s* aaikallu, ^. The key- 
stone of an arch. 
ane, ^. An anna. 
ane, s. An oath. 

anekallu, .?. A hail-stone. 


at^, indef. num, adj. So 
much. 3rfrf so many people. 
;&>aor so much time, so long. 
2. as much as: <^ 
give all you have. 

so much onlv : 


I say only so much. e?^?33, 
ey^-? is it only so much? 

is it only so much 
that you give? &*& for so 

^ori atunenge, ata- 
nenge, see ?^c2o^. 
>3 ati, ^^ e?t. 

o atithya, ^. Hospitality. 
to entertain a uest. 

atura, s. Eagerness, haste, 
ateku, see e?. 

atenenge, adv. Till, as 
long as. 
,> w ^ atma, atme, J. Breath, 

& <S- 

life. 2. the soul, spirit, ^a^o 
c^^ d the Holy Ghost, Chr. 
3^)53D^ a sinner. ^)^^^ a 
virtuous or fortunate man. 
e?^2fro^ spiritual-mindedness, 
Chr. 3. self, chiefly in comp'. 
WA^ss** suicide. tf^.rfj Sself- 

6 T d o 

a 6 ad^, J 


l adarane, ^. Respect, re- 
gard for. 2. protection, sup- 
port. 3. comfort, consola- 

rfOS^)^ adaripuni (?&) r. a. 
To honor. 2. to support, 
assist. 3. to console, comfort. 
cyrf&^c^oSo a supporter, one 
who comforts. 

uraoi) adaya, ^. Gain, profit, in- 
come, behoof. ^M, profit 
and loss. ^ receipts and 
disbursements; management. 
_^E^ ^LfrooSj a book-keeper. 


crad adara, J^ e?qia-d. 
a adi, s. Beginning, origin. 
adj. First, primary ; pre-emi- 
nent; e.g. syasstfr the origi- 
nal cause. 2. when the latter 
part of a compound it means: 
and others, et cetera, as ^ 
7:3^0 beasts etc. 




adika, see 

^- aditya, s. The sun. -s 

^^ aduppuni 
7 1 . . To have become, to be 
that. ?$ct5o;>;5^A as <?r when 
it is so. 

d adre, s. The sixth lunar 


mansion: bi. &3f. 
r,_a^)^ idharipuni, ^r e?^8^^. 

co^d adhara, .y. Support, prop. 

2. a basis, foundation. ^ a 

title-deed. 2. a security-bond. 

^ a rich man. 
^?ri adhlna, ^. Authority, con- 

trol. 2. dependence ; cf. ss??^ 
fi=El ananda, J. Joy, happiness, 


c3rf anaga, J^ ^^^. 
anarta, j^ 3$r. 

. Then, at that time. 

~^>' -^Q** ^ rom tnat t^ 1116 ! 
since then. -rfooi^ till then. 

2. affixed to verbs it signifies: 
at the time, as 3&&*s>-& at the 
time of going. 

-idoej* anikorantu, ^. A 
large kernel. 

ij anipuni (^c"), 7-. . To 
make lean. 2. to lull. 
N ane, s. An elephant. ffs5 a 
thick forest inhabited by ele- 
phants. rfr?i" ;U1 elephant- 
shed. 33/3 an elephant 

per. -^o53 a chain for 
f';istci,in^ an elephant. ^o 
& the trunk of an elephant. 


anenge, set: 2? 
anekallu, see 
anekar^, 5. The Cochin- 
leg, elephantiasis. 

^^O, sr^6 anekedu, anekere, 
s. A large tank. 

^rio^ anegajji, ane- 


guddu, J. A troublesome kind 
of scab, mange. 

c3 / sr 8 J8^sd anenolisara, s. A 
kind of aloes. 

jS^os* anetajanku, ^. Cassia 

NdJ3z3 aneduji, J. A large 

c^As3 s anenegilu, ^. Pedalium 
murex, a larger variety of 

fSoDD^o^j anepaduni (o'^sroS), 
r.a. To lull (a baby). 
fSsra^-o* anebakilu, ^. The en- 
trance gate of a palace. 2. 
a city-gate. 3. any large 

anemanjalu, s. Cur- 
cuma zedoaria. 

js^* anemlnu, s. A whale; 

anemungu, ^. 
santlics in 

anhika, -s. Daily ceremo- 



j apa, s. \ kind of rice-cake. 

C!rt apaga, ^'A'. Then, at that 
time. j5? that very moment, 
instantly. ey^T^^X now and 
then, occasionally; gradually. 




!J3^ apattu ; s. Mishap. 2. 
trouble, calamity, distress. 
3. danger, evil. *&>& a time 
of trouble. 

kr&3) &pi navu > see ^"'^ 

apini (?), v. n. The copu- 
la : to be that, to become that. 
tSjss^ e?^ic tSo it becomes white. 
2. to have origin, grow,0.y^}tfS 
3\i^ ej^cTli mangoes grow on 
the tree. 3. to happen, occur: 
3s XoTtB j^o e?c5 where did 
this happen? 4. to fit, suit: 
3s e5o7\ oSocT? a^oiSo this coat 
fits me. 5. to be possible: 
ZZr-Q e?33ctl) it can be lifted. 
6. to be related to: e?o3o oSoc^ 
^o^o ey^/arls he is my younger 
brother. It is used as an 
auxiliary verb, e. g. ~&$ S 
e?c it is done, and serves 
also to form compound verbs : 
Cft>o<3i>2;$ to come into exis- 
tence, eso5 e?fb$ to be true, to 
be proved, etc. 

?o5, p. t. yd p. sing. neut. 
It is done, finished. 

e?4,y r . /. yd p. sing. neut. It 
may be or may happen : eoos? 
cSo^ e?4 the crop is likely to 
turn out good. 2. when used 
absolutely as a reply, it is 
equivalent to "yes"; &?f^ 
e?4s? will you go ? ?4 yes. 

The negative forms of these 
tenses are : pres. t. a^eS, p. t: 
per/, t. e?S^, fut. t. 
, can, shall or will 

not be denoting moral and 
physical impossibility. tfdoS 
added to inf. marks empli. 
prohibition, as ^9o3j3 e?dcS 
thou shalt not kill, inter. ? 
can or may it not be? 

imp. 3rd. p. Let it 
be, (neg. Ind p. e?33 be 
not); ?^S when repealed after 
nouns etc. means either or, 
as ^cd ey^S e?c&> e?dS either 
this or that man. 

&&>,cond. It should or would 
be. It is much used as a 
polite form of request. ^? 
ot$ e?^o please go away. ? 
o3o eo^o-rf o-^o I should like 
him to come. 

e?L, adj. part. pres. t., e?oso, 
/. /. ws, /^r/. /. &b rfoXa a 
practicable thing; ?cx2o ^r 
c?3 ^e;ri a finished work. ^ 
e?O3o married, sroarooao 
a divided land. e?oso, 
e?b a/^ affixed to nouns 
and certain verbal forms, 
they convert them into adjec- 
tives, as TjTfotf ?oso dee? an 
easy work; d^szsBOSo ?fe^js?i 
the requisite things. The per- 
sonal nouns formed of the 
above, are: e??:^o3o, efScraoSo 
which are similarly joined 
to s., adj. etc. 

e?3c3, neg. adj. part. That 
which should not be, un- 
becoming. 2. impracticable. 
3. improper, wicked. 




t?5. gcr. (or adv. part. Hav- 
ing become, being. 2. when 
affixed to s. or adj. it con- 
verts them into adv., as 3s3t\5 
wrongly. ^ ^-?5 certainly. 
3. affixed to datives and infi- 
nitives it means for, in behalf 
of, on account of, as sotraS on 
that account, r^tfo^ssS in 
order to make. 4. affixed to 
pron. it means of one's own 
accord, as ot^S &s5o3o5 he 
gave of his own accord (with- 
out being requested). 3^o:3 
// >g. having not become, be- 
ing not. 

a^A When it happens, hap- 
pened or will happen. >? 
just when it happens etc. 

i?^c7* Till it happens. 

i?ctl co nd., i?ccjQ, emph. If 
it becomes, if it be, although 
it be, c^)ctS if it be so. ; 
2. asaconj. but, yet, though; : 
at least, even. - 

. pot. It can or may be. 
It must be or become. 
2. to be related to. crt> f&Bjjtwj! 
e? 403o how is he related to you? 
sSoc^ ^5o. 3 ?4s>^J he is my 

o * 

uncle. eJ^^S,, what ought 
to happen, what is necessary. 

nouns. That which happens, 
etc. 2. that which i- lit. 
possible, practicable. 
~ apungene, see eyjiX. 
apule, sec e?i'3e. 

> ape, adv. Yonder, opposite. 

ey^i'-sj^ yonder house. e?3cs> 

uie from the other side. O 1 ^ 

a^j yonder t?r the other side. 

apekshe, see sSe^v. 


b^p^^ apole, adv. Just then 
e?iX. &>$\f&&<5t when 
t5j apta, ^//. Dear, attached. 

2. trustworthy, confidential. 
t:^ apte, s. An intimate friend. 
3^54 5 friends and acquaint- 
;:":oo aphimu, see ?fb?doo. 

abadu, t?y. Populous, 
inhabited. 2. cultivated. 3. 
thriving. 3o^a to popu- 
late: to cultivate; to improve, 
abala, adj. Young, 
aburu, see ese:o3o. 
abharana, s. Ornament, 

tJ^JC3 ff , wdocio amadu, amadu, s. 
Import, (ppp. export). 2. in- 

t;^oX^r^ amarsuni, see 
-;| amavade, sec s? 
WSJo amla, s. Acidity. 2. tama- 
rind. 3. vinegar, adj. Sour, 
acid; vlg. ?c^o^. 
aya, s. A nurse, 
aya, s. Gain; sec 5odJ- 
aya, ^. A foundation, base. 
_ s^^oa to lay a foundation. 
r. Measure, proportion. 
to regulate or lix the 
limits. &$'$ to measure. 




ayakattu, ayi- 
kattu, s. Fixing the limits of 
a field etc. 2. regulation, 
arrangement. adj. Choice, 
excellent. 3 ^e/3 a well 
executed work. 3 &3 select 
people. rf sra^tf a choice ex- 
pression, excellent speech. 

a, s. Docility, tract - 

ayatta, .r. Preparation, 
readiness; also oso^. 

ayana, s. A festival in con- 
nexion with a temple, 
aya, str ?. 

7'. a. 

To di a foundation. 

To winnow. 

yti^X ayasa, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness. 2. indisposition. 3. 
trouble, vexation, 
ayi, see wbd. 
i ayita, see 
ayida, ^^ 
|) ayinavu, 
ay is a, see 

ayu, see .efcdoo^. 

ayudha, ^. A weapon, in- 

ayuni (sfod^, ? r . a. To 
select, choose. 2. to gather, 
pick up; cf. 93ti^?). 

ayuni (?odo'j, 7 -. . To 
ford, cross, go over. r. . To 
blow ; 4^*3 ^ajoocrfo the wind 
blows; cf. 

ayurdSya, ^. Term 

period of life. 

^ro ayurbala, s. Strength 
according to age. 2. a good 

JojS? ayushya, s. Age, dura- 
tion of life, term of life. 

aye, pron. He. sj'cdjscij 
every one, each (man). 2. 
it is joined to participles 
etc. to form personal nouns, 
as 3os?o^o3o one who does, 
-&>*$ 37>c3o one who did, ^o^o 


a^soSo one who did not do ; 
cf. e?S. 

ayere, a^'. On that side, 
beyond (opp. ^?o3oTS on this 
side), sod^ s-cSoT? on that side 
of the river. iPoSoTSK ^rf^S) to 
cross a river. 

o ayya, ^6^ 

oD s ayyeru, 

aru, dfcw. ^/"/9. ( 
yd p. of e?o3o ^ e?), They, 
?'. ^. that person. ?T3? cinph. 
himself, none but he. 2. zV w 
joined to participles to form- 

personal nouns., as 
one who goes, ^Peoao^S one 
who went, ^e^oo?ra5 one who 
did not go. 

fu ara, A termination occur- 
ring in some nouns and 
meaning home, place or loca- 
lity, as soo^BTi lodging; 59 

3 , ^JS7^ 

<?/^. names of villages. 





; arambha, ^. Commence- 
ment, bog inning. 3j^a to 
make a beginning, to begin. 
do^^ arambhipuni (^ 
?'. a. To begin. 

ra^e, sec ^*: cf. SDtfosj. 

. cC3s arata, arada, s. The 
concluding part of a temple 
feast, including bathing the- 


irtn aranya, see 3^ 

arati, s. Wave-offering, con- 
sisting in waving lamps etc, 
2. the lamp for wave-offering. 
*&^-&. ccc^j^ to offer, wave 
frankincense etc. v-^ s s~ a 
censer. cfb?ssr a lamp with 

one wick, y-JB^z, u metal 
plate for wave-offering. 

r - ' * Q vft 4"! C/'^ |O 9 ^~ 

O w ;3 alabl, J6fc *r&r. 

trC^Td arabhara, J. Responsibi- 
lity, care. 

.trabhya, .s. Beginning, com- ; 
mencement. ?-?s5^^ from 
the beginning of the world. 
fj^o^o ^o^^^ ^^^ since you 
began doing; cf. e?3c2p. 

w053c)Ci aravara, s. An usufructu- 
ary mortgage. ~t>3) a deed of 
such mortgage. 

teDDii arata, s. Tottering, shak- 
ing; cf. ^u. 

WD'Scy^seL^ aradupopini, : . //-. 
To walk arm in arm or hand 
in hand. 

.Idhane, s. Worship, 
adoration, prayer. 

To worship, adore. 
3^ aravuni, sec &^ 

^ arige, s. A belch. 
to belch; r/~. e?a^. 
aride, sc:. ^~f. 
ariya, '/. Stop! hold! 
ariye, J^r s?oSor. 

arune, ^. Contentment, 

c~^ aruni ('-?-), 7'. //. To grow 
cool, cold (>f dry. 2. to be cool, 
dry. 3. to distend, grow stout : 
W032 !>& the belly to distend 

r.~qi arudha, adj. Ascended, 
mounted, s. Ascending, climb- 

6 are, sec &j<3. 
arede, sec ?o. 

y^C'^, a 6^ arekti, areike, ^. Pro- 
tection, care of, nursing, nou- 
rishing. ^o#^s> to protect, 
nurse, nourish. 

<z6{Z^ areisuni (^c3), r 1 . #. To 

expect, wait for, look for. 2. 

to desire, wish ; A<Y. 33^^^^. 

arolummu, s. A 

kind of fish. 

-z~- -'.-:. d arolumara, ^. A kind 
of tree. 

'rd-'^fl arogane, ^. A meal, re- 
past. ^Jtfv- to take a meal, 
arogya, s. Health, 


strength. 2. comfort, happi- 



?, a J3?sJfl aropa, aropane, 
. Imputation, accusation. 
2. a false charge. 
&>&?&> aropisuni (ej-tfjs^cj), 
z'. a. To impute, accuse 
unjustly, charge with. 
djs^core arohana, -y. Ascending, 
climbing, mounting. 
r 320- Ascension day, 
6J3^ aroli, s. The last leaf of 
a cocoa-palm-branch. 
^rF arka, s. A bow. 2. an arch. 

^jr^ arkuni C^ 1 ^), v.. To 
cry out, shout. 

^FS arjita, adj. Acquired, ac- 
cumulated, inherited, as tgsj 
22r3 patrimonial. ;ro3Fg self- 
acquired. eo5^ inherited 
wealth or property. 

arti, s. Pain, distress. ^'. 
Afflicted, distressed, sorrow- 

e? IF arte, s. One who is afflicted. 
$ ardupopini, see e? 

ts^rardre, J. The sixth lunar 
mansion, a arionis, when it 
rains heavily. 

^reJ, s^^reJ, t?^rfe3 arbata, 
arbhata, arbhate, s. Fearful 
noise, uproar. 2. a joyful cry, 
triumph. 3os?o^ to roar, 
shout, triumph. 

o3oF arya, ay. Noble, respecta- 
ble, belonging to the Aryans. 
e?prfje>r^F the country bet- 
ween the Himalaya and 
Vindhva mountains. 

aryayeru, s. A cas- 
trated buffalo. 

arye, s. An Aryan. 2. a 
man of the Arya caste. 
arvade, see 
arvara, see 


To despise, defy, set at naught. 
2. to disparage, efster-5 csgrks 
to talk disparagingly or defi- 

> ala, ^. The silk-cotton tree, 
Salmalia Malabarica ; also 
_rf 33r silk cotton. 
alangane, s. The act of 

alamba,^. Seizing. 2. kill- 
ing. 3. a violent death. 
ejct alade, s. A kind of de- 
mon's shrine. 

oo ff alada ballu, see 55<K)5. 

alaya, s. An abode, house. 
2. any superior edifice, ^o&roo 
orfo the body. ^?ssaodo a 
temple; a church, Chr. 

alasu, see efe^S. 

t>?io alasya, s. Weariness. 2. 
idleness, laziness, sloth. 

alapane, s. Humming 
a tune. 

alapisuni (eye^Lco)^ 
\n. To hum a tune, to sing. 

alasu, see &)s5. 
) ali, J. Breath, life, strength. 
_ 80^s> to pant, be fatigued, 
tired. zoel 5 ^ecrfo the breath 





is gone. or exhausted. - 
visual strength. 

:& , tr>cC3*r alikallu, ali- 
parndu, ^. Hailstone. 
t5s3 ale, s. A press, mill, as ^o 
ecord a sugarcane mill. zz> 
tkft a mill to work. 
e^ J ?> aleisuni (3c3),r. . To 
listen to, to hear attentively. 
Ss25jJ?tf aloka, J. Seeing, a view. 
2. light. 3. panegyric, efds? 
tfp an object of sight. 
^'^-l^EcN alocane, s. Reflection, 
investigation, thought. -rfj^ 
ft to consider, reflect on. X 
rf^ft to advise, to give one's 

avande, avad^, tt 

w avade, J. A kind of bean, 

cl avade, see c?2bft. 

avara, post p. On account 

of. ssoadd on that account. 


cocfcr^'d on this account. 
^^ir avartane, ^. Revolution. 
2. repetition. ^J^ft to re- 
f avalu, see >36. 

- avalu, ^. Yawning. ^ 
L to yawn, gape. 
t?sjSo avasya, 

avu, ^v ?:< 
tt-^?o avusa, ^ 
t>d ave, s. A potter's kiln, an 
M. ~^^ r , ^^ft to open 
a kiln. ^ T ^ ''lay. 

la avedi, -s'. A burnt offering; 
cf. eys^S. -^Lrft to offer 
a sacrifice. 

s! avesa, s. Possession by 
spirits, demoniacal posses- 
sion. -s^ft to be possessed 
with a devil, be in a frenzy. 

avodu, see fcs. 
^, isada, sec e?^?. 

asakruta, ^/. Avari- 
cious, covetous, greedy. 
j>^35>S asamari, s. A covetous 

asige, 5^ ^?~^, 533^'^. 

asipuni (S), 7-. . To 
wish, desire. 

^f^rC, w^^STDrd aslrvacana, 
aslrvada, s. Benediction, bles- 
sing. tfjsL-^. s:e 

o), t'. a. To bless, confer a 

2* ase, ^. Desire, longing, wish. 
2. expectation, prospect, hope. 
troai} a covetous man. vo^ 
ft to have a wish. .-=5^ft to be 
disappointed, to have lost hope, 
to despair of. ?3lft. eoo:^^ 
to give up hope, to abandon a 
wish. -iCi&a^ft to hold out 
hope. 3oVoy'. to wish, covet. 

ascarya, -y. Wonder, sur- 
^l:^ to wonder, be 
surprised. -Zi3zz>3)Z> to . 
nisli, surprise. rfj^ft to 
make wonders, perform a mi- 





racle. ^zngiJ, rioX3 a won- 
derful or remarkable thing or 

2! sjo asrama, s. A hermitage. 2. 
one of the four stages of 
Brahminical life, c. ?. Wj^ tJ3 

o ^s Q 

a a bachelor, student; 
a householder ; sra: 
anchorite; 3?rooa an ascetic. 
id) asraya, s. Support, re- 
fuge. 2. protection, reliance. 
3. dependence. 3jdl*r& to 
give protection, patronise, 
seek shelter. ^ 
to depend upon. 

asrayipuni (^^j^so), 
v. a. To seek shelter, 
^i asrite, s. A dependant, 
2p35t allesha, ^. The ninth 


lunar mansion; also ?^ ?rf. 


,,5. The seventh lunar 
month (September-October). 
ssU3. t?Se)^ ashada, ashadha, 
^. The fourth lunar month 

i^ asu, J. A weaver's warp 
before starching. 2. a web, 
texture; cf. E^^S^CJ- ^020, 
_ -&ri the rake of a weaver's 

^ S 3D^ asupasu, ^. Proximity, 
vicinity, environs, neighbour- 
hood, adv. Round about. 

asakta, adj. Attached, de- 
voted. 2. zealous, active. 
3-3^ asakti, s. Diligence, de- 
-votion, attachment. 

^J^ asana, ^. A stool, seat. $ 
djrrf:i the judgment seat, ao 
5o3rf?i a throne. 2. the anus. 
5b&. _ AGTj3^3 an anal fis- 

^o* asaru, ^. Thirst. 2. that 
which slakes thirst. ^jsbrs 
to give to drink. 
^Jd asara, ^. Refuge, support. 
2. protection, patronage; cf. 

asarme, ^. Management 
of a family, care of a house- 

asida, see er^tl 

asimi, J. A person, an 
individual. 2. a customer. 3. 
a debtor. 

asige, ^. A mattress, bed; 
also sos&^. 
ij asu, see && 
ase, see s?^. 

askara, ^ Protection, 


shelter, countenance. 
n^ asti, ^. Property, wealth, 
estate. croo3o, _^o^ a man 
of property. 
?3 aste, <z^ ; . Gently, slowly. 

rUD^ asthana, ^. An assembly. 

2.' a hall of audience. 

?o 3 aspatri, s. An hospital. 

<x) ^ 

ri ci aspada, J. Place to stand 

00 . 

on, basis, support. 2. pro- 
tection, refuge, shelter. 3. 
means; oSooT? cro<y ey^vrf f^^ 

OJ vW 

1 have no means of livelihood. 
drtf aspasu, see 




asranne, s. A kind of 

asvada, s. Ability, power; 
faculty. 2. estate, property; 
wealth, riches; see ?~^- 
300=03^ ahankara, sec e^c^stf. 
go's aha, intj. of joy or sorrow, 
ahara, s. Food, provision, 

ahaha, intj. Alas, ha! 

ahuta, adj. Offered as an 
oblation in fire. 

ahuti, s. A sacrifice. 

alu, s. A person. 2. a la- 
bourer, hired person. 3. a 
messenger. e^e^f a strong 
man; a chieftain. 
?'' alu, pers. pron. fern. sing. 

alu, w 3>)f 

^ ala, ^. Depth, adj. Deep, pro- 

ala, <//'. Ruined, waste; 

all, sue e*3. 

like, i\ Reign, government. 
alita, j^ si^a. 
aluni (^), 7'.rt. To rule, 
govern, reign. e?o?3^> a gov- 
ernor. t?\rj?raf a governess. 
sr^^ aluvike, alvike, s. 
tr^jdi aluve, ^. A family-name of 

some Bants. 

tr> J ,r{ almage, ^. A servant. 
tj^^sj akshepa, s. Objection. 


2. blame, censure. 


i, The third letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is very 
often written os:>. Words not 
found under this letter should 
be sought for under oso. 

inka, adj. Base, inferior, 

inki, see 
\ s ingu, j 

ingada, s. Separation, dis- 
tinction, ndj. DistiiR-i. 
l)arat': also 

to divide, 
separate. tf>& to be divided, 

separated, as brothers . 
in^allka, see ^o-hdrf. 

in^avuni, c.v. (of ^o 
Xor'i) To cause to dry. 
^ oh ingi, <?<//. Crooked. 2. false, 
spurious, as a i-nin. 

jtf ingillka, S. Vermilion. 

Tichd ingita, ^. A hint, shrug, 

gesture. _'. 1, secret 

thought. 3. intent, purpose. 



To stoop. 

inguni (3^). r. n. To 
absorb, as water, to dry. 2. to 
sink in, as eyes from disease ; 
also sicKS ^p?L^. 

or^ %")* s - En S lish - 2 - a 
church. zxlg) the English 
writing or language. 

inca, adv. Thus, so, in this 
manner; ss^ 9o^ not this 
but that way. trooSo such 
and such a man. ^c^, cmf>h. 
just so. f^oel^ such, of this 
kind or sort. 

irici, tfflfr. Here, in this 
place. treoSo a man of this 
place, or of this age. 

zS^rij iricogu, #afr'. Lately, 

J305j injayi, ^/'. Small, little. 

3o3 s injinu, j 1 . An engine, 

injilu, -J. The New Testa- 
ment, as styled by Mussul- 

indu, see eroorfo. 

'Siod indu, inda, see ^?o5. 
indi, intj. used to call 
attention. Behold, look, take 
notice, observe. 2. there, 
take this. ^08 please see, 
come, or take. 

indi, s. Oil-cake; bet. ^oci. 

cm.pron. This. 
. this alone; see 

indrajala, s. Decep- 

tion, conjuring. 2. enchant- 
ment. 3- artifice, stratagem; 

cf. SDorfj3;7)(;. 

indrajitu, s. A son of 

indraprasta, ^?. Delhi. 

indrabale, J. A kind of 

indriya, s. An organ of 


sense. 2. male power, semen 
virile. 3. sensual desires or 
appetites. 3ci5?oajoi3 the five 

indre, ^. The chief of the 


secondary divinities, supposed 
to preside over the elements, 
to be the giver of rain, and 
the guardian of the east (in 
Sanskrit Indra). 
od,, 'Sodjo indre, indrye, s. 
A Jain priest, 
inne, see *3. 

impu, s. Agreeablcness, 
delightfulness, pleasantness. 
SJdS?* imbalu, imbllu, 

see f^od. 

oso^ imbale, ^. A stout silver 
or gold bracelet. 

imbu, s. Place, room, space. 
2. refuge, shelter. 3. opportu- 
nity, adj. Broad, wide. 

imbe, dem. pron. m. This 
man. ^owf. ^0833^, ^odjstfo 
this woman ; plur. ^odS> this 
person, used honor ifically, 
as a polite form of the sing, 
m. or f.; cf. 



imbolu, sje ^=2. 
immada, The heel. 

~,o^o3r> immadi, imma- 
dige, adj. Double, two-fold; 
also f^ra. 

Lojj, 'So^JSCrf immukha, 
immone, adj. Double faced. 
?^ ikara, adi\ Hither, this 

, ikku, see <^'. 

< a. ; c <f ,& ikkudi, s. Fiction, inven- 
'a ^fo* ikkattu, lit. two bands, s. 


Narrowness, difficulty, strait- 
ness, poverty. ty-l-s to be 
confined, pent up. 2. to be 
in troubles. ^^BS B^reoja, 
gojstfja to encounter diffi- 
culties, to be in straits, adj. 
Narrow, strait. 

a^,Q ikkadi, see co5,a. 

's^d ikkade, ^. Both sides. 

^s 1 ^ ikkalpa, ^ 

IT oJ 

'S^.V 1 ikkale, see . 

_ ikkavuni, t r . <7. To ex- 
tinguish, put out, as fire. ^^ 
5 ^s?L^ to be extinguished. 
^^ikkunif^^), v.a. To put, 
serve up, as food. 
fc,$, r 5.^j,s? ikkuli, ikkule, j. 
A pair of pincers or tongs, 
ikkeri, s. The residence 


of the late Lingait kings of 

Bednore. ssd^i ^, _^o^3 ?i 

~ Q 

tin.' kingdom of these rulers. 

^JB?S;J a measure of two feet 

and seven inches long. 
a gold pagoda worth thirteen 
gold fanams or four rupees. 
,^, ^ ikkei, s. Both hands. 2. 
an ambidexter. 

'S- ikdi, see 

rid igada, s. Difference, mis- 
understanding; also Xtl 
, igaruni, 
igidi, ^<? 

iguru, ^. A bud, germ 
or tender shoot. 

iguruni (^XoS), ?. . 
To bud, germinate or shoot 

arb Siiggnni(^), t'.. To draw^ 

. iccadi, ^//'. Double, two- 


-ssSo^ iccirna, s. Wonder. 


^2^, "a^ icce, icche, s. Wish, 

to- '. u ... 

desire. ' 2. appetite. 3. relish, 
delight, ^.j^to^s^ according 
to one's desire or wish, as one 
pleases, ^^s, ^^ to 
wish, long for. 

i]a, J. Trouble. 2. importu- 
nity. ^jsLra to trouble, im- 
portune; c/. oo2i- 
jso 5 ijaru, s. Trousers. 


ddye, ijarudire, ^. An abkari 
(liquor) contractor. 2. a man 
wearing trousers. 
2DOri ijirige, ^. An abkari 


3 ita 

llft HJe, -v. An impotent man. 

d!^*" ijinu, .v. Cinnamon. a 

^3jrf the cinnamon tree. 3 

cinnamon oil 
z3 ijji, 


Negation of existence; not 
to exist, not to be- It is re- 
gularly conjugated only in 
the present and perfect tenses, 
through all persons. Zjc^ero 
not even one. sroe^ there 
is nothing. 
I have no money, 


.CA3CZ33 ^3 have you any chil- 


^" is 
? ^ 

dren? no. Interr. 
there not? Einph. 
not in the least, not at all. 
Used as a disjunctive con- 
junction: ^.353 if not, or; 
either or. <%* CD not exist- 
ing, absent. ^ cd without; 

r <" 

cf. ^Q . 

J CA) 

ittu, s. Flour. 


lj itta, J^ f^si,. 

eJ.d, ^13,8 ittare, ittire, ^. A 


mortice, cavity cut into a 
piece of timber to receive the 
end of a beam or plank. 2. a 
stone placed under a beam. 

aj. itti, s. The jaw; cf. $. 
eJ * 

lrt ittig'e, ^. A brick. 


ittide, ^. Narrowness. 


83.0 ittiri, j". A nightingale. 

feooSo, 'S^S.edj itteyi. ittevu. JT. 


A kind of medicinal plant. 

^ idi^kidka, ^'^/". Half 
ground, coarse, rough. 

idupulu, J 

'Sd ida, ^^ !^- 

^TS^a idakatteri, 

a a idi, adj. Entire, whole. o 
the whole day. 

'S^^oo^ idimudi, s. A stout 
person, adj. Pinioned. 3 
W^oJ to bind fast, pinion. 

^doozj.; sx> idumbulu, ^. (w wrest- 
ling} The act of seizing each 
other tightly with both hands. 

r <3ci ide, s. Place, room, space. 
2. an abode. 3. interval, space 
between. 4. interval of time, 
occasion. 5. a split, chasm, 
ide, idegu, adv. Here, 
hither, so far. ^oou^ hither- 
to, so long; so far, thus far; 
also <^. 

'sz3 idekaji, s. A bracelet 
with an indented brass rim. 

i idekei, s. Aid, help. 2. half 
grown corn (^zf^oso). 
dasd idetara, adj. Middling, 
2. inferior. ~& 3l a middle 
sized tree. 

rl^D^idenali, s. The inner part 
of a temple. 2. the three cir- 
cuits of a temple. 
dg^t^ idtapidta, s. Experience. 
2i idpini( r 'iS), jf.a. To place, 
put down. 
cl ine, see <%. 

^Me>o ff, ^. Confidence, 
trust. a??;^, _^;.^a to be- 
lieve, trust. 




itabari, s. A confident, j 
trustworthy person, 
r itariji, see ^S. 
;?^ itihasa, s. History, tra- 
ditional accounts of former 

:. ittanda, s. Both parties 
or sides. 

f ittattu, s. Both sides or 


places. 2. both banks of a 
river, etc. 

T^D*, ^^3, "3^,3- ittaru, itta- 
ra, ittaru, .;/'. Enough. 


-'J^ : -- 

ittille. 5. A written report. 

s ro 

to report in writing, 
ittlrna, J. Sickness. 
'alp itte, #</:'. Now, at present. 
F?? ;^/>/;. just now, thi's mo- 
ment, immediately. 554 of 
the present time. 2o^ now 
for once, for the present. 

2oC3a, f^^ 2oc:35 (//'/.) HOW 

one and afterwards another, 
a proverbial expression for 
ik-kleness or duplicity, "to 
l)lo\v hot and cold''. 


;- ityartha, s. Decision, de- 
.nination, settlement. 3o 
^ to decide, determine, 

; ityidi, These and others, 

idamutta, ad-c. Till 


a a iddi, see 


s ^ ina, see ^ 
Qtft inate, ^ 

inapu, s. Evil disposition. 
2. defeat, discomfiture. 

inimu, ^. A gift, present. 
^Lrs> to give a present or 

$ ini, aiir. To-day. ^ up to or 
for this day. 5 from this day. 
cS ine, j-. A couple, pair. 2. a 
companion, mate. !??.-% to 
be a match. 2. to pair (obsc^) 
inkaru, ^. Abnegation. 
a to abnegate. 2. to re- 

^ ^ inpini (^), ''.a. To say, 
tell. 2. to speak; a/sj&^. 

iparlta- ^ff ~^D?S. 
ipuni, Jt^ t^' 

T'-^&t ippadita, s. lit. Double 
stripes; a wale, the mark of 
a rod or whip on animal flesh. 
t> 3 ippaisha, s. Both parties 
or sides. 

ippilij s. Long pepper. 

Piper luugnui ; also ^e. 

?> ippuni (^), i\ n. To be, 
exist also 

i ippuli. sir ^'^e?- 
2,3^ ippe, s. The olive fruit. 
_ rSotf the olive tree. 

^ ibiiti, s. S.-irred 
with which . besmears 

his forehead. 

ibbirel^, s. Two fingers 




united by a membrane (web- 

ibbudlu. s. A kind of 

O v 


~~;o ima, s. Snow; bet. 
^0^) imini, sec 3o<3J>. 

-3,^0 ime, s. An eye-lash; rt/.y<9 

u c r rj ^o * cfm r^o-j^i 

* J <3 

's.ojjdo^, 'SOjos^ iyai'uni, iya- 
vuni (i-3So5, f^ojoS), rtf. 7>. To 
be sufficient; ^>r^j. or fut. $rd 
pcrs. n. ^odotio, f^odo^,, it will be 
enough or sufficient; also 3s 
cdoo^. 'if iio a^b^SoTS (odj^) he is 
likely to come; past. 

> it is enough; 
f^oiorfcS it is not 
enough or sufficient. 
o3o3 iyere, s. This side (of a 

iyye, d.v. Yes; cf. o5. 
Pci} iyyodu, ^ f . This year, 
iru, r7 prefix signify ingT\\o, 
double, both, e. ^. ^30-5 two- 
fold, f^sroro3j double edged, 
>3J both sides ; in some I 
the & assimilates to the : 
consonant following-, e.g. ^eS 

* iruveru, sec 

2; S irijtsilu, ^. A remittance 
to the treasury. 
'S do u v irambala, s. Twenty seers. 

< ad^s)3; s irakasu, s. Sulphate of 

'SS iri, J. Abatement of intoxi- 


iriyuni (^ 5 ), r 1 . //. To 
fall, drop, as fruits, leaves 
etc. ^&S ^eL^ to miscarry. 
v. a. To rub or squeeze bet- 
ween the hands, to knead ; see 

tf irisalu., see 

irubu, see eroiior. 

ri iruvanti^e, s. An 
Arabian jessamine. 
jSjG* iruveru, j^ <^^F'5. 

ire, ^. A leaf (of a plant). 
a plantain-leaf. 

a betel leaf. $3 tobacco. 


irekalli, J. A kind of milk- 
hedge-plant, Euphorbia ni- 

iregili, s. A kind of parrot. 
6 '-3D 4*3 S irebavoli, s. A bat. 
6^ irelu, J.-6' 5^^. 2. shadow. 
also S'3'5. 

irolu, J-6'6' ^?^jaf. 

irku, J. The night. ~*7l$ 
day and night. 
AFE'S* irkannu, s. Inability to 
see by night, night-blindness. 
SDF^ irkivuni, c. r. (^/^^or 
$),To make less. 2. to extin- 
guish. 3- to stop, disturb. 3.s> 
to extinguish or put out 

: s ! ->F5> irkuni (^^~), ^. w. To 
abate, lessen, be reduced. 2. 
to be disturbed. 3. to be 
quenched; also pQ^VS sgpeLs. 
,^ irkei, J. Both hands. 3& 




to give a blow 
with both hands spread out. j 
irda, set' z-3&3. 

irnalayi, s. Double 

'S^FS irnali, s. A double pulse. 
2. a carpenter's boring tool. 
^ a swelling of the throat. 
" -":." " ri. irnudu, num. Two hun- 
dred, [thread. 
'S^JSF^ irnulu, ^. A double 

^F^ irpakki, s. A bat. 

i-^^ irpadake, adj. Ripe and 


'3~S irpadi, s. Double ration. 

'ssJFd, raF irpale, irpale, ^. 
A kind of net. 2. a double leaf. 
_d s^ a mat. 

Sfl^d irpude, 5. Both sides. 
~z irpude, s. A double load. 

'ssrlr irpe, s. A kind of fish. 

'S^r i^r irportu, J. A whole day 
(forenoon and afternoon), 
twice a day. sS 5e'J a whole 
day's labour; 6/. 2or3or. 

'j.^ri irbadi, ^^/'. Double, two- 

irbalappu, s. A double 
growth. -J.atwist. 3. tight- 

JT^ irbalipuni 
r'. <7. To tie a cloth ro'iiul 
the waist, to gird (the loins). 
_'. to fasten a thatched 
with double ropes aver it. 
'J^r J - irbale, irba'e, .v. 

A double- brar-'l-'t. 2. double 

transverse laths or slij 
bamboos, palms 
-'^, ^ irbalyuni (^ar ^ . 
To be benumbed. 
WDrojj irbiyi, 5. A double 
~d & 5 a double edged sword. 
3 o5,3 a snake, serpent. 
irbu, sec t-v 

7-. w. To curdle, be decom- 
posed, as milk etc. 
isiiForl irmande, s. Two v 
placed on the same hearth. 
2. a large forehead 3. a very 
large vessel. 

SJora^ irmadike, adj. Double, 
two fold; sec ^^5>. <^c~r;->. 

Sirmane, ^. Horripilation. 
2. rising up, as of corn shoots. 
sliF^F irmarlu, j>\ FickK-- 
mindedness, unsteadiuess. -. 

3F irmarle, ^. A h'ckle- 
minded man. 2. an idiot. 
-_--;jrrd)F irmirpu, s. Two 

-f* irmmu, s. A kind of 

-fl, -3doJF^irmune,irmune, 
s. A double od.L'e . r point. 

-t a donlile poii 
n-i',1 j'n;- v, riling on 
-^ irmena, 

^.j, "^st-^ irmeyi, irmei, J. 
]!utl 2. a cloth of 

different nhm; 'nrc 

on each side. 





'F irlu, irlu, .y. Dusk, 
darkness, night. 

irla, s. Two seers. <^OF& 
two seers of rice. 

irva, num. Twenty. ?3 

irvande, see ^^"ozf. 
irvala, see <^vr. 

irvara, */?'. A second 
time, twice. 

irveru, (personal form 

of the numeral tfSy Two 


S^FO irveri, s. A medicinal 
plant, Andropogon muri- 

;&jFoj| irvonde, ^. Two kudtas 
or eight fluid ounces, 
irvolu, see ospiatfo. 

irvolu, a^f. Two times, 
twice ; cf. ^s 

?;e>F25 irsalu, 

'STs^-, ^^s)^ ilaki, ilake, J. (in 
official language) A depart- 
ment, a branch-office. <o^". 
Belonging or attached to a 

ilaci, J. A female's cloth. 

ilati, J^ ^areodoS. 

ilalu, 5-. A large torch, 
ili, J^ .33. 

ilijaru, J^ ^93s7)&. 

iliyuni, .. To fall, 
tumble, come down. 

ile, s. A hair. 2. a fibre 
3. a fold, plait. ^jsaS three- 
fold. o3oe how many fold: 

ile, see <?8. 

.^ ilkuni, see ,. 


illu, s. A house, dwelling. 
2. a family. ^ S, f^ejs f at 

" OO CO 

home, in the house. 

iBe>$ to go home. 

the inmates of a house. ^wo, 


?> to build a house. 
'S.^eoJSdo illaburu, s. A kind of 


creeper used in thatching 
roofs and plaiting baskets and 
small boxes. 
'a era 73* illasu, j^ ^re^. 
ille, ^^ oo3. 


ishta, i//'. Acceptable, 
agreeable, pleasant, wished, 
cherished, beloved. ^^ La 


to be loved, cherished. ^> 
odor a desired-for event; an 
object which pleases one. & 
friends. ^o3o a dearly be- 
loved friend. $.?&( sa- 
voury food, a favourite dish. 
J. Wish, desire. 2. friendship, 
familiarity, love. ?rtfc\a to 
break off friendship. ^o 
tf^a to make friendship, to 
love, like. 

^ (P r v-) three blows to him 
who makes love, and three 
measures of ghee to him 
who causes discord. 



ishtasiddhi, s. Attain- 
ment or fulfilment of one's 

3S^,C3e)d ishtacara, s. Friend- 
ship, familiarity. 
s>.?}^, ishtanishta, adj. Liked 

so so 

and disliked. 2. good and 

ishtanna, see os^tfLs?;^. 

~e>,.^ ishtanpitve, s. Simple 

5j ^ s "' v_> 


qSr ishtartha, -y. The object 


of desire. 2. the highest good, 
ishte, J. A friend, compa- 
nion. ^^ friend and foe. 

^:3 5; 5 > relatives and friends. 


s,^, 'S.-: isu, isi, m//. express- 
ing disgust. 
'a^O" isylu, ^. Whistling. ss 

3o$ to whistle. 
a 3 isa, ^^ ^M- 
'a^zj^oa* isabakuly, ^. The seed 

of Plant-ago Ispaghula. 
r <3,roojoAS, 3?i^.oon isamungi- 

li, isamungli, s. Crinum de- 

'S.nSd^o* isarabery, J. The root 

of the plant Aristolochia 

3.36 isare, Jtv ^^. 

, 'SiJo, isavi, isvi, J. The 
Christian era. 

isara, isarat\j, s. 
A sign, hint. 
^, QX^ ise, isen^ji, a^ 1 . Now; 

at once; cf. ^3. 

y .j 

?i), , 'Si^dJ iskru. iskuru, s. 

q) 9- 

A screw. 

5^0 J- N O 2;* istambnlu, s . A T u rkish 
gold coin worth about Rs. 2 
As. 8. 

istara, see a^tJ. 

*, 'S.^oOoDD* istyar^, isti- 
, s. A notice. ?^>3o a 
notification; an advertise- 

Ao istri, s. A smoothing iron. 
iron wash- 

ed clothes. 

faf, ^^^ ispit^, ispety, J. 
Playing cards. 
75* AS islfgidi, s. A kind of 



^ isse, ^^' r s o - 

iha, ^. The present state. 
tt this world and that to 

S^cf ilijarv, ?. A slope, slop- 
ing ground. 2. slipperiness. 
oioj^, iliyuni (^9), t'.w. To 
slip out or down, to slide; 



I, The fourth letter of the 

alphabet. In MSS. it is often 

written osus. 
? I, pron. 2nd per s. sing, Thou ; 

emph. ^?o3oe even thou. 
s 1, dent. pron. This or these; 

as & e?f this boy, 3s a 

these people. 

mgudavuni, t. v. (of 
To cause to stoop. 
dsoAo^o^ mguduni, 
inguduni, see 
* mcilu, see 

mdu, J. The sago-palm, 
Caryota urens. 

imbala, s. A kind of leech. 

imbe, ^t'. This side, here; 
cf. ^t>5jj. 

ikkane, J. An arrow. 

icilu, ^. The wild date. 
the wild date-tree, 
Phcenix sylvestris. 

3$fcjo> icuni, ljuni (3sS", 
, z-. . To swim. 
itu, J. Manure, fertilizer 
(of land). 2. fat, sap. srozlis> 
to manure. 

iti, ^. A lance, spear. 
idu, ^. A pledge, pawn. 2 . an 
equivalent. voc^o^ to stand 
security. Aa^s to deposit 
a pledge, to pawn. e?b$ to 


be equal, to match, pair; s^ 
;&>Xo ^nsLa to be liable to 

' iduge, idege, a^z'. 
In vain; ^. ?&;*. 
idi, ^<f<? r i^- 

ide, idegij, j^ ^, 

ine, J. A lute, a fretted 
musical instrument of the 
guitar kind; also e5??3, >es3. 

itu, indef. num. So much, 
so many; emph. ^s^e just so 
much, only so much. ^^5 
pl. so many (people), ^ 
3o, ^?33fSo^ so far, as far as 
this, up to this. ^? ^s^or, 
^si^oou^ so far, so long. 3* 
^c=3 is this all? ^?3s5 being 
so; nevertheless. <^3s (^? 
-e?i) so and so much or 
so and so many; with neg. 
it denotes unlimitedness : not 
a little, inexpressible. 

?c3dojy. idanenge, Ida- 


mutta, see ^?NCT^, &ev3c7< 
under ^?. 

ipini (^5), z-.. To shoot 
(an arrow). 

ipe, aafe'. This side. d 8B?i 
people on this side or part. 
a^j this side. 
Jibuti, see 

iyavu, see 





' lySvandu, 
ryyandu, ^^ facoocS under ^ 

6 lyere, see 

iru, /<r^5. pron. (pi. o 
You, z/.y^ tionorifically in 
addressing a person. 

irangade, s. Separation. 
rs irana, s. A small drum. 
irinti, s. A cricket. 
Iruni (^s5). r. . & n. To 
rub off, be worn out. ^?55 
&oL$ to undergo wear and 
tear, wear off, be reduced 
to powder. 2. to pick up. 

irulli- see S 

irolu, j 1 . The tender 
fruit of the palmyra tree. 
33JF8 irpadi, see ^rs,. 
^5^ ise, s. A lord, master. 

35^,3 isvara, ^. The eleventh year 

of the Hindu cycle. 

isvaraberu, see 

^9^,6 isvare, J". The Supreme 

oj ^ 

Being. 2. a name of Siva. 
657733*7^ Isatugu, Wz F . Instantly, 

this moment. 
-to??vO^ isuni (^e3), f. a. To 



ero u, The fifth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written 4'- 

unka, s. Dirtiness, filthi- 
ness; cf. ^c5. 

ooh^ ungila, s. A ring. -8335" 
the ring-finger. :fo>eeoo7\> a 
plain ring. 

orloeJ, ea>crL3^ unguta, ungu- 
shta, s. The great toe. -e3r5i 
the thumb. 

uriguru, see CA)oax)-ao and 



undidibatte, J. A 
lazy fellow given to gluttony. 

b^ undapi- 
ni, unddduppuni, sec crootSo. 

S^fo* undi, undicltu, 
. A bill of exchange; bet. 


Siri undige, s. A sheaf of straw. 
undiye, J '<' crooi5, c/osdsg. 
j undu, d?. T-. There is, or 
exists. 2. in answer to croozro. 
CA)otf.t? i s there? and other 
questions: there is, yes. 3 . iviS/i 
ttie dative case it expr. 
possession. ^oF yoz-&> I huvi-. 
croooD?.^ to come into < 
tence, to spring up, arise; 
that which has 




occurred, what is really a 
fact, what exists, eroozjado^ 
a to exist. 3o^?> to create, 
produce; to invent. ^os^ro 
o3o the Creator. 
tnjo^o^ort unduluga, s. A kind 

of fried cake. 
sroozS unde, s. A ball, globe. 

2. a ball-shaped confection. 
erv>od, voozi? unde, undye s. A 
sheaf of straw ; cf. 

^ untavuni, . ?'. (of wo 
To cause to stand up. 
2. to detain, stop. ripei 
to allow further time to a 
debtor to pay his debt. 

untuni (croc), -u, n. To 
stand. 2. to remain, stay. 3. 
to stop, cease. 

roo<3o undu, pers. pron. neui. 
This, it. eroorf^ozS besides this, 
moreover. ^/. croocS^o^o these, 
unnata, <z^. High, lofty, 
tall, supreme. 
osoofi, 'JuowosS , voos3 umbuge, 


umbucce, umbe, J. The white 
flowered thorn-apple, Datura 
alba,- also tfjasro 

D.fastuosa; see 

umbuca, J. A kind of 

o^z3 umbuda, s. A kind of 

io^o^ umbude, adj. Globular 
and small, s. Chewed betel, 
umbudepakki, s. A 
kind of bird; cf. 

umburu, J. A kind of 
small leech; also &to&<&. 
umbe, see croowo^. 

umboli, J. A freehold, 
land granted without rent. 
2. any present, donation ; gra- 
tuitous service. 
orfoi, eroorfj3|. umma, ummap- 
pa, int. (when startled], mean- 
ing Who knows? 2. 1 do not 

ummi, see eroso. 

ummuge, see auosootf. 

ummuta, s. The purple 
thorn-apple, Daturafastuosa 
which is said to cause mania. 
see crooaio^. 

ummuru, see 

urndula, see 

urnde, s. A lump. 2. a 

urndeburu, J. The 
smooth-leaved heart-pea, the 
creeper Cardiospermum ha 

eAio^re3 ff urndelu, adj. Round, 
circular. sroodorf small rice 
pastry balls baked or boiled 
with sugar and milk or 
cocoanut juice. 

eroodo rrl urndluga, see eroo-rfo^oA. 

woS ero^?,^* ukalu, ukkalu, 

Vomiting. 2. an emetic. 


^Jjd ukkada, ukkuda, 
^. A small boat. 2. a look- 
out place between the bounds 
of two towns. 




ukki, .y. Steam; cf *rt^, &s3- 


ukkuni (w^), ?'. To 
boil, bubble up. 2. to run 
over in boiling. 3. to swell 
up, spring up; cf. oo^ors. 
ugaru, adj. Brackish ; also 

i^rij ugre, s. A passionate man. 
e ucapati, s. Dealings on 

ugadi, see 

ugipuni (WT\), r.w. To 
spit out. 
rtoda ri uguraddige, s. A neck- 


lace with chasings 0r engra- 
vings like finger nails. 

uguru, s. A nail, claw. 
a whitlow. t3si tepid, 

rljjjozj^do ug-uruburu, j. The 
creeper Daemia extensa. 
ug-gra, ^. Over-boiled rice; 


cf. ;&Xr. 

uggi, s. A handle. 2. a hook. 
fek$ to fasten a hook ; also 


'. w. To 

stammer. 2. to spurt, c?^ 
5 blood to flow by spurts. 
erort & uggelu, s. A well. 

ugra, </^//'. Angry, vehement, 
passionate. 2. cruel, s. Wrath, 
rage. crofisjLa to be angry. 
rra,cs, ^Ajr^c^ri ugrana, ugra- 
nige, s. A storeroom. TOC&); 
see ov)As;rJ. rfXoJ a granary. 
rra,rS ugrani, s. A storekeeper, 
steward. 2. a village peon 
under a Potail. 


r 1 . . To exceed the bounds of 
propriety either in word or 

ucita, adj. Proper, sui- 
table, fit. s. A gift. troEasaS 
freely, gratis. 

^^^ uccakacca, s. Quarrel, 
fight? 2. see ooeltfUj. 

. uccakitta, -s^ oo^^u. 

uccaya, see &3&i'&. 

uccaripuni(w-^ 8), 7-. a. 
To utter, pronounce. 

uccalu, j^ <^>"?> 5. 

N uccatane, -y. Exorcising 


evil spirits. 

t5i) oJj, uccaya, J^ w^3o. 


Ue)d, -Tvt5s)Cfl, uccara, ucca- 

Zy ir 

rane, s. Pronunciation. 

uccalu, s. A hammer. 
uccava, ^r^ CTO^SO. 


ucci, J. A snake. 2. a worm. 
oSoo a kind of fish. 

uccikatta, s. A loose 


knot. 2. spots on the skin 
of serpents. 

uccu, ^. A snake, serpent; 

cf. oxndo. 

i uja, J % . A fountain, spring. 
a marshy field ; see 

ujade, s. A deserted per- 





ujade, s. Light, splendour. 
^fc to become light. 
tras* ujadu, .y. Ruin. e?Sb$ 
to be ruined. 

wo, eruzosja ujila, ujila, adj. 
White. wre^ white colour. 
uje, ^^ oua*. 23 ^a to 
ooze, percolate, trickle. 2. to 
become swampy. 

ujjatu, . Force, violence. 

to force. 
*" ujjalu, .s. A swing. 2. A 

*|), . . To 
rub; cf. e/orfora. 

Beo* ujjeru, ujjeru, ^. 
A pestle. 

fac)Oaj^Jci, eni&j3^)?i utayisu- 
ni, utavuni (CTO&JDOSJ^, oo6ro), 
7'. a. To raise, lift up; ^/". 



utarane, s. Forgery, 

^ uttu, see B^U^. [clothing> 

s.SjiS uttutane, ^. P'ood and 

> ^ Uttoll, W . 


dqj"50 udadhara, ^. A gold or 
silver girdle; 0/50 c^o^. 

ra^a^ udarige, udarige, 
s. A kind of cake. 

urae>s3 ff udalu, udalu, ^. 
The belly, stomach. d 
hectic fever. 

To deny, contradict. 2. to 

udi, see ^pa. 

udigere, s. A gift, 


a betelnut may be a present 
as much as an elephant. 
udu, .$. An iguana. 
udu, ^. A star. 2. water. 
uduku, ^. A kind of 
small drum. 
uduge, see 
udugere, see 
ududhara, see 
udupati, ^. The moon. 
o 4 udettelu, J. Bruise, adj. 

rl^j^ udepuni, ude- 
vuni ( r ^), v. a. and n. To 
break, split, as pottery etc. 

uddi, s. Any pile of three, 
with one on the top, as marbles, 
seeds etc. ae^a to set thus 
in piles of four each. 

udduddane, 0afr. In 

ca ca 

rapid succession, one after 
another, over and over again. 
zjf^a to speak hastily. 20 
&r& to come or follow in close 

udsure, s. A honorary 
gift; cf. ooarttf. 
Cc)35 unape, ^/'. Little recover- 

* unaru, see 
rs^* unasu, s. A meal, dinner, 
boiled rice and curry; also 
5o9oJ. [young. 

unile, adj. Small, short, 




-^S unupini, unpini 
(w53),7/. a. To take one's meal, 
to dine, eat rice, (in oppo- 
sition to a slight repast of 
fruits, cakes etc). 
erorf,^ unkelu, s. The time of 

evening. 2. the night-meal. 
crocs J unpu, s. Boiled rice, solid 
food; also o4y 

150 s utaru, s. An antidote. 
J^ uttana, -^ oog^si. 
^si) uttama, adj. Best, chief, 
superior. 2. excellent, virtu- 
ous, oo^ki an excellent man. 
s^-do the very best; God. 
>Z; the first person, gram. 
uttara, s. The north. 2. 
an answer. 3. (in law) a de- 
fence, adj. (Left), northern ; 
subsequent, later. )-> 
funeral ceremonies. saa a 
surety, bondsman. 

uttarane, s. The shrub 
Achyranthes aspera. 

S^D uttaradhikari, ^. A 
successor, heir. 
^DDCiors uttarayana, s. The 
sun's course to the north of 
the equator. 

'^ uttarashada, s. The 
twenty-first lunar mansion. 
^Gri uttarige, J. An upper 
or outer garment. 2. a towel. 
6 uttare,^. The twelfth lunar 
mansion, the tail of Leo. 
s^r?, -^ 3 ?>.i^, uttana, utta- 
vali, s. Haste, rashness, 

uttara, see 

uttasa, s. Zeal, perse- 
verance. 2. a rash, (?r stre- 
nuous exertion. 

attutti, s. The dried 
date fruit; also 
uttuma, ^ 

^ utthana, ^. Rising. 2. re- 

utpatti, J. Birth, origin- 
2. produce, profit. 

utpanna, s. Birth, adj. 
Produced, born. 

utsava, 5. A festival, pub- 


lie rejoicing. 'd^e^rf the 
procession of an idol on a 
car. ^^F a moveable idol 
generally taken abroad du- 
ring a procession. 
3d, ^03-3 36 utsaha, utsaha, ^. 


Festivity, joy, rejoicing 2. 
energy, strenuous exertion; 
V often interchanged -with 

utrani, see cro^iS. 

eroq5-)D*' utharu, ^. A free gift, 
a freehold. 

udaka, J. Water. 

udaya, J. The rising 
of the sun, moon, or other 
heavenly bodies, crod 0^0535;. 
the dawn. 

udara, s. The belly. 2. the 
core of any thing. &&$ 
feeding the belly. *k3 colic. 
udaruni, see cr 
udarme, see 




udalu, s. The white ant. 

o5)o23 udalupurica, s. A 
white-ant-hill. 2. (med.) a 
cancer ; pins or pinlike holes 
on the sole of the foot 

udale, s. Saliva, spittle. 

udatta, adj. Liberal. 2. 
lofty. 3. high, as a note in 
music, j. The acute accent, 

erozroo* udaru, s. The credit sy- 
stem, lending. 

en) 23130 udara, adj. Liberal, 
generous. &3, -^ liberality. 

eroc3s)dff , n,2J3Ef F udarane, uda- 

rne, see erotrasorf??. 
en) eras* udalu, j^ en)rf. 

3V23a>?o, ero23e>o<d udasa, udaslna, 
adj. Unconcerned, neutral. 
s. Neglect, indifference. creoSo 
a careless man. 

erucjssotf?! udaharane, s. An 
answer. 2. an example, il- 

udi, see wrfcdo. 

udipavuni, c. v. (of 
To beget. 
), udipini, ^^ eroaodoo^. 

udime, j 1 . Merchandise, 

JQcd&d^pj udiyabenpini, v.n. 
To become rich. 
oaojjj^) udiyuni CCWQ), . . To 
rise, as the sun. 2. to be 

do^) udupu, ^. The act of 
coming into existence. 

jo uduriburu, s. The 
creepers Asparagus sarmen- 
tosus, and Asparagus race- 

)d>dj> uduruni, v. n. To fall, 
drop off. 2. to hang down, 
ude, s. A sheath. j- song _ 
uderaga, s. A morning 
udsvuni (2K>i3?), i'. a. To 
throw out. v. n. The hands to 
shake, as in sickness. 
J23JS udo, intj. A formula 
used in presenting offerings 
to a goddess. 

udda, s. Length. 2. distance. 

<~j . 
adj. Long. jroe^oaocreoSj a 

prattler, braggart, bully. 
srod^od P uddakuddya, adj. (lit. 

long and short) Middle sized. 

2. separate. 3. distinct, adv. 

erorf uddari, see 


uddara, ^^ 
j uddume, ^ 

5^ d uddhara, s. Deliverance. 
2. protection. 3. prosperity. 

e?L$ to obtain deliverance; 
to become rich. _ rfotfo^s 
to protect, support. &S&F& 
to deliver the spirit of a de- 
ceased person from the power 
of a demon by propitiating it. 
J233poF$ udyarcane, s. The 
biennial ceremony of washing 
an idol.. 

odfcceri udyoga, s. Exertion, 
industry. 2. business, occu- 




pation, employment. ^ a 
public servant. 

udri, J. A braid of false 

Sj udri, J. A match, pair. 
T&8 an equal. 

udrigonde, s. A hair- 


ornament. f"eojs"do. 

udriburu, see crorfoS 


do^ udruni, see ourfj-dos. 
d^ udreka, .?. Excess, super- 


abundance. #<//. Excessive, 
outburst of wrath. 
?^ excessive lust, 
udharane, see 
sS unape, .$ 
s3 unile ^' 
^ unnata, 
sro3i upa, ^4 Sanskrit prefix im- 
plying direction. 2. vicinity. 
3. inferiority. 

trosi^cp upakathe, s. An episode. 
yuS'udrs upakarana, ^. An ap- 
pendage. 2. means, materials. 
3. an instrument, tool. 4. 
vessels used in worshipping 
an idol. 

enisJoDrf, vv)3J?rx^ upakara, upa- 

kruti, s. A service, favour, 

kindness, benefit. cro3if3& 

a benefactor. 

v^v ^ upakrama, ^. Taking in 


hand, setting about. 
yu^TYexdj upagrama, s. Suburb. 
?A)3J2cCpS, ?ror;t5e)rf . upacarane, 

upacira,^. Politeness, courtesy. 
.- upa>dra, sec uuirfj. 

upadesa, ^. Instruction, 
teaching. 2. initiation into 
the mysteries of religion. 
rico^ upadesi, s. A teacher. 
2. a catechist, Chr. 
dj, srj33t>^, c J^S3t>a upadra, 
upatra, upadi, s. Calamity, ad- 
versity, trouble, affliction ; cf. 

upanayana, s. The 
ceremony of investing a Brah- 
man boy with the sacred 

^sid upapada, s. The modern 
grammatical term for article, 
also any subordinate word 
in a sentence. 

CzSJS^qi^ upabodhake, s. An 
assistant teacher. 2. a deacon. 

upabhaga, s. A sub- 

upame, s. Resemblance. 
2. comparison. 3. simile, 

o3j$rt upayoga, s. Appli- 
cation, use. 2. advantage, 

uparaga, s. An eclipse. 

uparali, see cros^o. 
^D upari, <2^. Above, over, 
after; also CA>20&. 

uparme, see CA)^&??. 

upavasa, ssc crocro^. 
isisJ^o^ upasamana, s. Put- 
ting to rest. 2. alleviation. 

3. calmness, rest. e?;&3 to 
be alleviated, assuaged. ^o 
^s> to appease, pacify. 




u^rf^ upasarga, s. A gram- 
matical term for preposition, 
e.g. 3, yut, etc. 

G3i?j upastha, s. The parts of 
generation of either sex. 

u3J3o^ upahati, s. 'Mischief, 
trouble. 2. calamity; cf.uu 

{ upinga, s. An appendix 
to s5oX. 2. a subordinate 
scientific treatise, of which 
there are twelve according to 
the Hindu sastras. 

tfussD^s^r upakarma, s. The 
annual festival of purifica- 
tion among the Brahmans 
between July and August 
when their sacred threads 
are renewed. 

tfu33i>2> upadi, see CA)3rfj. 

erosraoi) upaya, s. An expedient, 
device, scheme. 2. means. 
3. stratagem. [zrerf. 

tfusjSJd upasa, s. Fasting; also 

tfus3^ upekshe, s. Disregard. 
2. want of appetite. 3. reluc- 

tfuslcs* uppadu, see eros^S. 

tfU3J,cs* uppadu imper. of ero^s. 

tfus^Ofi upparige, s. The upper ! 
story of a house. 

tfU3J p> uppala, s. Macaranga 
Indie a. 

v\j )f( uppalige, s. A kind of 
tree, sec croz^a. 

f uppadu, s. Pickles. 
s upparu, sc 

d) uppu, ^. Salt. JA)^^ brack- 
ish. a?& salt water, fis^, 
refined salt. && small 
grained salt. ^ e/ ^, ; ^- ruck 
salt, Bombay salt, ^ocreos^ 
earth salt. 
) ^uppuda, J. Salted fish; cf. 


uppuni (04.), ?>. r. To 

f *^ 

be, exist. 2. to abide, live in. 

3. to help, support, protect. 

4. c. dat. pers. to have, pos- 
sess; also "SisS^, (j>ast P 9 D ^.) 

o^ uppuruni (cro^Tio), v.n. 
To faint, stagger. 

w^^rfj^ upperuni(^^?S),^. n. 
Cattle to copulate. 

vosiSj uprali, s. Spite. 2. an- 
noyance. ^o^^ to despise, 
deride; to annoy. 

SAJSOD*, ^23^)D S ubaru, ubaru, J. 
Brackishness. adj. High. 2. 
turbid, fldfr 1 . Above. ^?5salt 
water. c3^ brackish, ^r 
barren soil. aj^jjs fish 
to ascend a river with the 
tide. TSO^B the stench of 
(stagnant) sea-water. 

ero^$ri ubalige, ^. A kind of tree- 

?Ai23 ube, .r. Steam. ^ s^rfos) 
to bleach clothes. 2. to drive 
out any vermin by smoke. 
3. to ripen fruits by artificial 
heat ; also cw*. 

?roz3, erod ube, ubbe, see 


s^u^2dJ^ uberuni (ws35) 
To become thick. 

ero ZA ubba 



ubbara, ubbarij, 

ubbara, #<//. High. 2. 
swollen. 3. turbid, adv. Aloft, 
s ubbasa, see croe *. 

C JX>\ ubbi, .y. Saliva, spittle. 


$e5 viscid spittle. 
a spittoon ; 

x N ubbina,^. A spittoon; also 
&o3oo) ubbiyuni (cwey, p. n. 
To spit. 

vodo ubbuni, ubbe- 
runi (CA)^, w^eS), ?'. . To 
swell. 2. to be elated with 
joy or puffed up with pride. 
ubbesa, s. Difficulty of 
breathing, gasping. 2. asthma. 
_ tt^rs to gasp, be breathless; 
to suffer from asthma; also 

^S5ii|2 ublapatera, ^. Stam- 
mering, lisping. 

uble, s. A stammerer. 

pc^j ubhaya, adj. Both. two. 

35. ^5 both parties. ^j 
on both sides or places. 

umani, sec >dor5. 

umi, s. The husk <?^ chaff 
of paddy. 

o2; s umilu, s. A mosquito, 
gnat, -a tfocuo a musquito- 

ume, s. The wife of Siva: 
also sj^^'S. 

s3jfC3*, tro^jfb umedu, umedi, 
s. Liking, inclination. 2. ex- 
pectation, prospect. 

umedvare, ^. A volun- 
teer, candidate. 2. a copyist. 

, umma, see 

j'o* uyiku, s. Crying like a 
monkey. ^-^ 

uyiluni, see en/)a;o^. ^ 

uyivuyi, /w/^r/'. sig- 
nifying alarm. 
; 8 ' uyyalu see 


ura, s. Ploughing, tillage. 
a ploughman's stick. 
to plough and level 
a field a second time ; to, 
make a field to hold or re- 
tain water. 

Ajrf23* uralu, s. A ploughman's 
or herdmaii's song. ssi^oa 
to sing whilst ploughing; 
also 2o^. 

roO uri, s. A kind of very small 

uri, s. Blaze, flame- 2. heat. 
3. acute pain. 4. wrath. X^ 


burning itch. &s>3 burn- 
ing heat. rfrea a furious 
person. TSJJS^J urine morbidly 

heated. eo.tuos>to speak an- 
grily ; to take revenge. 
oOtfzS urigejje, s. Small bells 


strung on a rope and tied 
round the neck of a he-buffalo. 

oDS^ uripuni (^ B ), r.a. To 
sound, play upon. ^o^O- 
to sound a trumpet. 

.sj^.?, uriyuni (^&), J'.. To 
burn, blaze. 2. to feel ;i 
burning sensation, as from 




fever 0r itch; to feel acute 
pain. 3. to feel anguish. 4. 
to be wrath. wcaS (lit. the 
belly to burn), to be hungry; 
to feel anguish, to be envi- 
ous. 3o (lit. the body to 
burn) ; to be feverish ; to be 
provoked, be angry. uusB 
well-heated, pure, as silver. 
uru, s. Tediousness. adj. 
Idle. -tffca to be idle, to feel 
reluctant. tfctfo^a to pro- 
crastinate, put off. 
djofo*, erodoock^ uruntu, 
urundulu, adj. Round. 
dooyo^oct uruntucande, s. A 
kind of drum. 

jurundeburu, s. The 
smooth-leaved heart-pea, Car- 
diospermum Halicababum. 

urumbuni (erotfoo^S), 
v.a. To bore; also 
uruduni, see 
urubu, see croe3r. 

uruvolu, ? en)T?js, en) 

ure, s. A deer. 

urepuni (en*?), 7\a. To 
try metals by a touch-stone. 
^) urevuni(w3), v. n. To be 
penetrated or incrusted, as 
with salt; also 3o34s. 

uresuni (cn)^5J), i\a. To 
rub. 2. to polish. S.^c/otf^a. 
uro, zw/y. Alas. SJD^^? 
alas, what a pity! rfdo.odo 
have pity on me. 

, ?ro6J3^o uro, urolu, s. A 
bar across a passage. 

To bubble up, as boiling 

?j urkavuni, c. v. (of en) 
^for?>) To cause to run over. 

2. to put out. 

urki, s. The shrub Sida 

-S-FG* urkilu, .v. The prickly- 
heat. 2. a kind of shrub. 

3. a rough basket. 

urku, s. An amulet. rforJ 
a necklace composed of small 
glass beads with a big gold 
bead in the middle. 
^jFr! urkune, s. The act of 
bubbling up. 

^OF) urkuni (ew^r), v.n. To 
rise; cf. cn)*^. 
^rloF^) urguni, 7.'. . To curdle. 
2. to ferment. 

^OF> urcuni, f. w. To go 
to stool, i'lg. erotjsru loose- 
ness of bowels. erosSrew a 
filthy woman. erosSre3 a filthy 

urti, see en)^. 

urdata, s. Wrestling, 
combat, struggle. 

urdavuni, c. v. (of ero 
To set persons against 
each other, to stir up fighting, 
luni, v.n. To wrestle, 
combat, struggle. 

urna, A round shaped 




ero 3D usva 


urni, ^. A bulb, protuber- 
ance. SUJjS to clot, curdle. 
urti, see wa in A)t>cxioo$. 

urdi, s. Increase, prosper- 

erodiFurdu, s. The kidney-bean, 

Phaseolus mango. 
eroc>jFi urduni (wc3r), r. a. To 

rub, file. 2. to polish. 
vu^jF^ urpuni (A)I3r), r. <?. To 

blow a wind-instrument; cf. 

urpelu, s. Slight boil- 
ing. 55& rice obtained from 
boiled paddy and differing 
from the unboiled (= dialog). 

urbi, urbu, s. In- 
crease, as of any disease or 
trouble. -3&odjoa (lit. to per- 
ceive trouble), to discern. &3e 
pressure of work. 

urbuliyuni, see ^ 

uryuni, see 

. A red kind of fowl. 
urli, s. A brass vessel for 
preparing curries in. 

urlu, s. A noose, snare. 
to be entrapped in 
a snare. Debs> to lay a 
snare. srozl^to put a noose 
round the neck; to hang. sro 
&crjs> to hang oneself. 
- urle, -y. A kind of cake. 

sro^Ff! urvane, 5. An instrument 

for destroying nits. 
voctF urve, ^z^. Unripe. 

j ula, see i 

uli, j. Nought, nothing. 
to annul; see also 

A small 

^. . To 
TV 72. To 


^ ulikuttu, 

jODoJoJ) uliyuni 
instigate, induce. 

^O^O Uluku, ^^ 00 ^Oj. 

SjjjJj ulutu, ^^ ox)docO. 

fraud, cheating. 

s3 ule, ^. A furnace. 2. a deer; 

Cf. CA3T3. 

s3^)^i ulevuni 

ulo, see 
*, ulku, see 

^ ulkapata, 

ing of meteors, which is con- 
sidered a bad sign. 2. an 
en ulku, see 


The fall- 

, ulta, ulti, adj. Con- 
tradictory, opposite, counter. 

2. upset; rfotfo^a to take off, 
upset, fig. to lie. 

ullaye. ullaldi 

^ o5o. 

,^. Exultation, hap- 
piness. ef-l?) to be cheerful. 
adj. Joyous, blithe. 
er\> ulli, j^ cwv 


usvlsa, s. Breathing out, 

a sigh; cf. ts 




srusStiO* usharu, adj. Alert, sharp; 
bet. soo*v>5. 

ushna, adj. Hot, -warm. s. 
Heat, warmth. 

, eni?o.?2 usu, ussane, s. A 


deep sigh. 

usaru, ^^ ^os^>5. 

tfUnjO^j usuru, usulu, .?. 
Breath. 2. life, -tfuo^ to 
hold the breath. $p&z> to 
die; gases to escape, as from 
a corked bottle. eoo&jSbtO to 
breathe, respire. 

usulti, s. Collusion, con- 

usvasa, see ooss^rf. 


ula, Inside, inner part; /". 
-^ the palm of the 
hand. ^j^s to take in, 

to have a secret. Xouo a 


latent secret, hidden mystery. 
8ro4 a bend ; the curve of an 
arch. 30^(5 inside. -rfooo 
t>> the inner square of a 
house. ;dsa a by-path. 78^0 K 
the lower part of a female's 

<o3.>, eA)s?e>o5o ulayi, ulayi, ^ r . 
In, into. Some declensions 
are formed of this adverb; 
as, ri e>;3 a back or inner 

room. CA)^oo5 from within. 

cro^^^j'c'oso, CTO^OSOT!) ^oso se- 

cretly, privately. 

ulavu, s. One's secret. 
2. design. 3. inclination. 
s^csS ulasanci, s. Intrigue, 
conspiracy, secret design; 
collusion, fraud. 
uli, s. A chisel. 

ero^oJo uliya, ulliya, 
s. A small river-island or 

ule, w^ eA)3, oo A 

ulo, '//. Alas! 
ulki, J. Remnant, rest. 
ulku, ^- A sprain, or cramp. 


o,a ulkuni (wo d ), p.w. To be 


sprained, <?r cramped; 

ulla, ulle, J^ 
ullade, s. A fisherman. 

ullaye, s. A master, 
lord (/<ww. CA)V V ^). 

ulli, ^. A generic name for 
garlic. e"cio9, onions, datfo^ 

ullori, s. A memo, of a 
receipt given to a tenant for 
part-payment of rent. 




j? u, The sixth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written 30. 

unc, uncu, 
Superior, costly, fine. 

To lift up. 2. to cause 
a person to get up or leave 
his seat. 3 -to insult, des- 
pise; cf. sro&sosojios. 

untuni (ennoU), v. n. To 
get up, press. 

53Cjo> unduni (erj)oS), v. a. 
To press down. erincrfo:io t, 
^^ to hold firmly. 

umbu, ^f6 c.=)oeoo. 

umbe, s. A hole. 

)^), r. w. To ooze; 

j uta, J. Food, meal. 
lj uti, J. A spring, fountain. 

'iJot3s)C utupacara, ^. Hospi- 
tality and civility. 
ute, see ^B. 

udavuni, c. #. (^/"enprlj 
)Tofix. 2. to put in order. 3j 
a to fix the boards of a 

udilu, s. A kind of broom 

.^ uduni (CAn5), z'. a. To 
plough; /". 5oj)3o?i. 2. to fix. 
erusrs una, see CAP. 

uta, 3-. A weight, burden. 


2. a staff. :f*es;j a weighing 

, ens era uda, uda, adj. Sky- 

udu, s. A prop. ^-atrs 
to prop. &s?oo a pole used as 
a prop. 

CiiVdiiid udukameli, s. A 
malignant kind of jaundice 
from which particularly child- 
ren suffer. 

3d)?j uduni (srinS), 7'. a. To 
blow, as a pipe. 2. to swell, 
a piper. 

, udubatti, s. An aro- 
matic pastille. 

una, s. Defect, maim. 02 
o3o, eAT>N a cripple. 

j^o 9 ' uyyalu, sec ew^S. 
ura, adj. Local. ^^a a 
public office. 33 local cus- 
tom. ^^ gossip, 
urane, J^ ero^!?. 

uravuni, c. v. (of CAndo 
To plant, fix firmly. 

uriyaye, s. A stran- 
ger; also eAm^oc2o. 

uru, ^. A town. 2. a vil- 
lage. 3. one's native place. 
_ crocSo a countryman. ^>o 
townsfolk. oSoi^ country 
sesamum. enMa-doXj from vil- 
lage to village; cf. ovxi 
adoozo^ urumbali, J. A village 



srio ru 

urukolu, ^. A walk- 
ing stick. 

jsdo^ uruni (SAT>5), v. a. To set 
firmly. 2. to plant in the 
ground as a seed or shrub, 
etc. 3. to gain power. ^5_ 
to plant one's foot. tfe5 to 
be established firmly, to take 
root; to grow. 

&dJS^o urolu, 5-. A cross bar 
at the entrance of a garden 
etc.\ cf. coDTSj?)?. 
ado urya, see ennodor. 

sSoF^ urjita, adj. Confirmed, 

F urdhva, adj. Aloft, on 
high. XS ethereal course, 

heavenly bliss. 

urya, ^'. Strange; ^/". 

usante, s. A large bug. 
usu, J. A fart. 

usuni (ouoi), 7'. . To 
ooze; cf. eAD&os to break wind 
downwards, wig. 
J5?3^ uselu, adj. Oozing. 2. 
filthy. 3. breaking wind down- 
wards, vlg. enj)^3 a man 
who frequently breaks wind 

^ uhe, uhane, ^. 
Supposition, conjecture. 

erua$riuliga, J. Service. 2. work, 
a servant, labourer. 
j to serve, work. 

uliyuni (enn^), t'. . 
To ooze; /". eaoaio?). 2. the 
bowels to evacuate frequent- 
ly; also 

o ru, The seventh letter of the 
alphabet, but seldom used in 
Tulu. It is commonly pro- 



nounced like tfo or o, which 
see for words beginning with 




ye, The eighth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written o3o. 

yenku, see otaS. 

yenkulu, pers. pro. We. 
This word which is the plural 
of orfjsoi signifies only tlie per- 
sons addressing, and should 
be distinguished from 3zk 
which always includes both 
the persons addressing and 

<0os3- yerica, adv. How? <w>. ~o 
w323s*D however, anyhow, by 
all means. 

yenci, sec <or5 . 

yenci, intg. pro. What sort 
of? , ?i 3, 3^3 what sort 
of thing? jTOoSj, _ jrooSo 
what sort of man? 

o2oG* yerijiru, s. A kind of tree. 

ofo* yentu, j. Boasting, pride. 
2. craftiness, cunning. &seas> 

3 o 

4s to show pride, be cunning. 
S333o3 to boast, prattle, 
play tricks. -rosSo a crafty 
io&3 yente, s. A clod of earth. 

2. an unburnt brick; cf. s>o8. 
>or!itf yennige, s. Calculation, 


yennuni (^oFSj, c r . a. To 
count. 2. to think, presume. 

3. to expect. 


yenne, ^. Oil. ^ T^re an 
oil mill. ^8&!os> to rub with 
or apply oil. e?^, distilled 
oil. ^s2^^_ cinnamon oil. ^^ 
<c^cj? gingely oil. X= 
sandalwood oiL 
si- cocoanut oil. 
lamp-oil, frorf^i- olive oil. 
zJ7?> castor oil. 4(3o^rf_ the 
oil of the nuts of Rottltria 
tinctoria. zi)o-5idc?? kerosene 
oil. ^oL^ci- champaka oil etc. 
fl^^),, ojocl^o^) yennekappu, 
yennekempu, ^/". Dark red. 
flzorfcS yennebadane, s. A spe- 
cies of brinjals. 
yentra, see orfoo^. 
^ yendruni (3c5j), r 1 . </. To 
say fully; cf. ^^S- 

yennavu, /ro. Mine ; cf. 

yennun, see 
yempa, see 3fy 

yemmalu, ^. A woman. 
an angry woman. 

oiodo yemme, Jtr ^^ d 2. ^ ^ 

^o^oeJ^?i yemmettuni 

i'. n. To turn back. 2. to yield. 
3. to abate, as sickness; cf. 


yekambelu, ^^' 
yekare, yekre, 5-. An 

, r/.//. Nearly dc;ul. 




yekkusakku, adv. Con- 

TT f 

fusedly, indiscriminately. ? 
&$ to become confused. sag 
tfo$ to reproach unjustly. 3o 
tf^ft to be perverse. 
, yekka, see atf. 2. the ace. 


.o yekkam, s.' The unit of 
numeration, first place in 

,^^ yekkacakka, sec 
J& yekkadu, adv. Then. 

already. SJQ^_ a little while 

'grS yekkadi, s. A kind of game 

with cowries, arranged on a 

board. tfjseoo^ to play such 

a game. 
^,d yekkade, s. Hiccough. 2. 


gasping. s'owo^ to hiccough ; 

to gasp; cf. o^d. 
=^,^)23 yekkanale,' adj. Lean, 

thin. j. A glutton, greedy 

man ; 2. ^^ ^# d e3. 

^dos3, o^sjj^sl oO^, ^o yekka- 

O" "O" _ ~O 

male, yekkamale, yekkame, J. 
The swallow wort, Calotropis 

^jd yekkale, s. A cockroach; 
also O^P'J; ^/l <o^.o, oD^jroeS. 

^_ t>:<; ^ yekkalyuni (.0^6), v. n. 
To stretch the body, or stoop 
down in order to catch or 
pick up anything. 2. to 
spring or jump up. 

ro^ yekkasakka, sec ^^. 
^'s,^)^ yekkavuni, c. v. (of <o^jj 
) To reach, cause to touch. 

yekkuni ( 
touch. 2. to gin. v.n. To ebb, 
decline. ^ to be within 
reach of the hand. a2?^i- to 
be on the point of death. 
r!3r_ to gin cotton. aiosB 
to be hungry. 

3_> yekke, s. The shrub 
Aristolochia Indica. 
f( yegge, s. A branch, bough. 

T^ & yeggelu, s. A small branch. 
tfrf^ a small piece of wood. 

2^ yecca, see so^ . 

Q^ yeccarike, s. Wakeful- 


ness. 2. care, caution. 3. 
warning. e?b^ to be awake. 
-jabfS to warn, put on 
guard. ae&a to take pre- 
caution. T&^S to remind. 
_S ero^s to be on guard, be 


yeccarisuni ( <>::) ^ r 8 ), ^. a. To 
admonish. 2. to caution, warn 
3 yecci, J. Body. S sjscl>$ to 


put on clothes. K 
to assult; see ^^_. 

yeccig-e, j^ ^fi*- 
yecce, J^ r 9& t - 

yeamane, -$<? 

yejipu, ^. Endeavour, at- 
tempt. &sbF> to caution, 
betray. ^otfo^s to try 
through others. 

te yejja 




yejja, yejji, s. A hole. 
loophole. 3. the eye of 
a needle. 
3 , ^e yej.ji, yejje, see d , ~K , 

1^ WJ VAJ 


yejriya, see odo% . 

yettakutta, s. Quarrel- 


vJ W 

ling and fighting. 


^i yettavuni, c.i\ (of -^^ 
To bend, cause to stoop, 
yetti, s. A prawn. 
^elweyevo 6 yetti bally aru, .y. A 
small kind of shark. 

i^ii&^L. ^U.^jjcJ yettisutta, 

d -' d Q 

yettisudda, s. The sword-fish, 
yettuni f^S) 7'. a. To 

jj x j . . v e$/ ' 

stitch, as leaves. 2. to cause 
mischief. 3. to box the ear. 
T . ;/. To stumble, bow down ; 
be hit. 4&54pe&9 to bend 
down, as a tree laden with 

fc3s3 yettele, s. A mischief- 
<^zi yeda, see odo3. 

^^0=5*' yedanku, a^ r . On the 
left side. rogtf an offensive 

'.jTicv^ yedankuni ('~3c), ?. . 
To kick. 2. to hit. 3. to dis- 
regard; see do^oa. 

<oz233)^, *j^03jd:>> yedapuni, ye- 
duturuni, 5r ^t^s>. 

ij* ^^^s:' yedavattu, ye- 


devattu, '///. Middling, in- 
dill'crcnt. '_'. dull, stupid 3. 

rough, rugged. -^<^ri an in- 
different work; an objection- 
able act. =ftto;?>a a stupid 
fellow. ^fea a rugged path. 
d yedumbure, s. A doll, 
yedupuni, sec .ort^a. 
yede, sec <q. 

. yededettu. ^tr ^o^ 1 . 

n yedenanya, J. Paper- 
money. croiSo a stupid fel- 
low, a man temporarily en- 

yedenali, .y. An inner 
wall round a temple. 
tsix>& yedemudi, see ^^ooa. 
yedde, A\ Goodness. ^. 
Good, excellent, superior, 
fair, fine. 2. happy. 3. pros- 
perous. &^> a superior 
caste, fine breed. arf a 
festive day, holiday. $ 
&>-, -rfjosoj^r, _ t^n an 
auspicious occasion. ^ooSsfc! 
black pepper. 0^r. Well, 
very well. tsks to improve 
in health; to prosper, be 
happy. c?^5 may you, 
(he etc.} be happy. &s!:ra. 
_ Tios?o^ to do good, to bless 
with prosperity. _3^s (///. 
to eat good), to enjoy hap- 
piness as the fruit of one's 
good deeds. caitka to speak 
favourably, fluently, or at 
length; to speak or argue 
ably; to chatter, 3^ good- 
ness. ~^o of good sort. 




~e good, emph. ~^?3 copi- 
ously, abundantly, heartily; 
immoderately, severely, vio- 

yedpuni (5), 7-. tf. To 
thump, strike with the fist. 
2. to pound in a mortar. 
j, yenuma, num. Eight. 

yena s. A corpse. rfoocof 
a good for nothing, vlg. 

ocl, <ocf, yenike, yene, 
yenke, s. Calculation, count- 
ing; estimation, 
ls* yenelu, <//. Pertaining to 
the first crop. 200$ the first 

yenci, s. A ladder. 

yenne, see <oc??. 

yenpa num. Eighty. 
, yenma, ^^ ^FizJo. 
l^ yenme, ^. The gingely-oil 
seed, Sesamum orientate. rf 
<oor? gingely-oil. 

yeta, see ^qro. 

yetasti, <^/'. Exact, cor- 
rect, adv. Exactly, correctly ; 

bet. o3oi5ra> B. 

yete, see ^. 

, ois^rtzS yettu^adi, yet- 
tugade, s. Scheme, device. 
do^s to scheme, devise. 
^sA* yettutagg^i, a^'. Un- 
even, rugged. 

yettana, see ^- 
d yettara, ^/'. High, lofty, 
tall. s. Height. 

yettaruni (^5). 7-. a. 
To ascend, climb. 

tavuni, c. v. (of ^^) To 
reach, deliver. 2. to gulp, 
swallow water etc. eagerly. 
or in large draughts- 
tf yettige, s. A collection. 

yettuni (3,), 7/. a. To 
raise a subscription ^r tax. 
yettuvali, ^. The act of 
raising a subscription or tax. 
. yetna, ^. Essay, endeavour, 
effort, exertion; &?/. ojj^.' 

yetvasi, s. Difference, dis- 
agreement, variance; bet. 3o 


SDyetha, adv. As, according to. 
adj.. Proper, usual. 5^5^ as 
usual. dreXr the usual 
course or way; &?/. 
r yethartha, see 
p yethe, s. Pain, smart, grief. 
k, oij3?3S. yethecca, yethe 

Cx7 w 

shta, J^ o*>^^i orfo^?^- 
*c yectypu, J. Beginning. -BJ 
a>^~ the first shower of rain. 
rfodj yedijriji, yeduru, J. 
The front, that which is op- 
posite. 2. presence. 
counterpart of a deed. 
osdo^ora a conditional deed 
of sale. djs^o^ half boiled 
rice. ^ the counterpart 
of a lease. s^a an opposite 
party, opponent. c?L$ to 
meet, come face to face. CA^C 




*os> to stand in front, to op- 
pose; to rebel. 0003343 to 
set up <?r instigate a person 
against another. s^^rfos to 
speak to one's face; to contra- 
dict, oppose. 30-3^0$ to come 
in sight, be seen; to be over- 
taken. Ju>35&A face to face. 
-5 before, in presence of. 
3 yedi, see &>& 

yedinke, s. A wing. 
yediyane, see ^ 

yedukonuni (^^o 
?5), z-. #. To advance. 2. to 
meet, go to meet. 
duD^^yedurata,^. Antagonism. 

diDe)^ yedurali, s. An anta- 


tS yede, s. The heart, chest, 

bosom. -* rb'tfOvS to harden 

00 OJ 

one's heart. &&FS> to take 

courage. ooci courage, 

"J! yeddumbe, J. A kind of 

^ yeddupu, s. An ambus- 
cade, lying in wait. srotSos 
to lie in ambush. 

a yeddyuni (^^), r. To 
oz3, ojjSfl, oirf cjd yedde, yed- 

O Q "O 

deae, yeddyana, s. A fan. 
yedru, see ^S5, jdJTio. 

yedroli, s. The creeper 

Jasminum angustifoliuin. 
-? yedroli, ^ 

yena, yenna, 
yebulante, <2^/'. Half- 
boiled. 2. half-witted, silly. 

yebbavu, see 
eme, see 

r yemarike, yemar- 
ge, s. Storing. a?L^ to keep 
or store. 

iZotf yeyipanji, s. A porcu- 
pine; cf. skotfozJosS. 
Jo^^ yeyyuni (<ooso), z 1 . a. To 
shoot an arrow. 

yeraka, adj. Molten, cast, 
as metal. 3 t^^~, ^^jaoi 
!?rf molten 0r casting work. 
_j^ to pour melted metal 
into a mould. 

yeragu, s. Fitness. 

yeraguni (~^A), 7-. //. To 
melt. 2. to agree with the 

yeraguni (^), i\ a. and 
n. To bow. prostrate, do obei- 
sance. 2. to fall upon, seize. 
3. to alight. 

js* yerad,a.Two; </. TJ^. 
^Djj yerabdyi, s. A kind of 

d^, <xj~'- J yerala, yerala, J^ ^e 

ds^) yeravu, ^. The act of lend- 
ing or borrowing anything. 
for temporary use. 2. dif- 
ference, distinction. ~ A 
a borrowed ornament. K 

s> to borrow. 
le, s. An antelope, deer. 




yeri, s. The glare or heat of 
fire. Y^W a very hot wind, 
sultry wind. rf^si, _3^> 
^0$ to glare, be affected 
with the heat of fire; cf. SoS. 
cdjok3 yeriyante, s. A kind of 

yriyaye, -^ SoBcdraoSo. 

)o> yeriyavuni, . z>. (0/~^ 
To burn, blaze, 
yeriyuni (aO), v.. To 
glare. 2. to be hot. 

yeru, ^. A buffalo. 2. a 
moth, worm. 3>^$ to be de- 
cayed with worms. eobrs to 
come into manhood. 
o33S ? <orfj3^? yerutari, yeru- 
tali, s. A kind of palm tree, 
yereblyi, .$&? co-dK^oaa 

yerndale, J. A green 

yerku, ^. Rising or ac- 
cumulation, as of water, etc- 

2. severity, adj. Exceeding. 
1>&^ to be in danger. 

yerka, s. Fulness. 2. proxi- 
mity, adj. Full; near. 

yerkavuni, ^. v. (of A 
To tuck up, as clothes, 
when wading a river etc. 2. 
to hold back, as milk by a 
cow etc. 

jF^ yerkuni (^"), v. n. To 
puff up, swell. 2, to rise or 
collect, as water in a place. 

3. to be full of milk, as the 
breast or udder. soc^_ the 
belly to be distended. 

yerke, yerkelu, s. 
Rising; cf. -atfr, 

yergone, yergole, s. A dull man 
like a buffalo, a simpleton ; 
a glutton, vlg. 

yerta, see ^tf~. 

yerte, s. The flood tide ; cf. 

JF yerpa, s. Seventy. 
Ff5 yerpene, ^. A hairpin- 
adj. Old. 

yerpuni (^5), ^. a. To 
lift up. 

yerme, ^. A she-buffalo. 
a kind of bush. CB 
a calf. eo<ysg5 a kind 
of fish. 

yelakki, j^ o*j. 

yelatra, yelastra, 5. 
A handkerchief. 

yela, intj. of surprise. 
yeli, s. A rat. SDS^C rat's 
bane, arsenic. 

yelikebi, J. The herb 
Evolvulus emerginatus. 

yeliyuni, z'. n. To melt, 
as any soft substance, butter, 
etc.\ also e)os. 

yeliseri, ^. A shark; also 

yelu,^.Abone. s'o 
in the bones. ^js^, &stf a 
skeleton. -Kd a joint of the 
3 yele, s. A leaf. 




enage, s. A small but 
dangerous insect found on 
betel leaves. 

yele, see <oero. 
^cl yelkode, see coAtl. 
. v . yelpuni, v. a. To melt, as 
lead, butter, etc. 

yellariji, adv. The day 
after tomorrow. 

yellamma, s. A name of 
, oi<t> P yelli, yellya, adj. 

oo ro *0 

Little, small, short. 2. in- 

ferior, mean. -5^, ; 
from infancy. -rfo 
to extol and disparage any- 
thing alternately. 
<>je3 yelle, adv. Tomorrow. 

reel yellyanne, ^. A junior 

ro '0 

elder brother. 

yellyaye, ^. A youth; 


2. a junior, minor. 3. a short 
man. c3o> o4 a small thing. 
jcz3 yevarica, J^ a^o^. 
yevane, see &33. 
yesalu, J. The petal of a 
flower, leaf. ^Garcinacam- 
-5rf a tobacco leaf. 
yessuni, see .o^a. 

A$ yelatu, yele, adj. 
Tender, green, not fully 
grown. s>?5 the water of 
a tender cocoanut. 
^ yelpa, num. Seventy. 3e 
& yekshi, ^ 


ye, The ninth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written o?o?. 

z'j affixed to the words e?c5 
a^ c?^ w//^ addressing 
<>r asking honorifically a 
single person; as, 9o^eus^o-5? 
Rama! 5c:3 ? &s e ^os? e 
boys! children! wos^? is 
it not so? // is also affixed 
to nouns, pronouns, and 
adverbs by way of emphasis. 
-'rS>o3oe man only. ^?o3o? 
you alone. ^soSo? even to day. 


yeka, ww. One, single. 2. 
solitary. 3. combined, united. 
3stf the accurate adjustment 
of song and instrumental 
music. s unity, unanim- 
ity. ^ singular number. 
of one colour 

<?/> caste. ?5 a solitary man ; 
a bachelor. ^cs5 jointly, 
unanimously; collusively. 

yekadam, ^'. At once; 

^DOJo u yekanayaka, s. A medi- 
cal plant. 




yekanayake, ^. A 

yeka, ^<? B^- s&, atre-S- 
abruptly, suddenly; without 
permission. 2. unreasonably, 
unjustly. 333333$ to re- 
proach unjustly. 

yekangi, s. A solitary 
life. w5 alone. 

yekanta, s. Solitude. 2. 
secrecy. ^/'. Solitary, seclud- 
ed; secret, a^o&ail) in se- 
clusion, secretly. 
0Dc3li yekadasi, j. The eleventh 
day of either fortnight in 
the lunar month, on which 
Hindus fast. 

e5>, >^> yekini, yekhlni, s. 
Honesty, uprightness. 2. chas- 

yekoci, adv. Alone, 
yecane, see c&aerf?3. 

o?i yeccuni, yeccyuni 

*7 oG"^ 

(a^F), t r . n. To reflect, muse. 

yetu, s. A kind of gambling 
in which a piece of coin is 
tossed up and a wager laid 
as to which side it will fall. 
^jaeoo^to gamble in this way. 
3 5 yedu, s. A goat. j- man> 
yedamode, s. A stupid 

yedi, s. A coward ; cf. ^?a. 

yede, ^. A blockhead, 
eni, ^. A ladder ; cf. o3o?$. 
^ yetu, intg. pro. How much ? 
how many? iKfiro for any 
amount, on any account. ai?i 

how much each? a&ae how- 
ever much, how much ! rfSr 
how often? 

yetu, s. Annoyance (from 
goblins); cf. So?3o. 

yetonuni, see ^^s. 
yetolu, intg. How often ? 
>f yenu, ^<2 03^^. 
>> yeni, adv. When ? Ke^>, e?$ 
Kiys, a^?$Kejs always, for ever. 
>33, i)^3 yepa, yepo, aafe.When ? 

fiA> always, ever, 
^^j^yepuni (^), v.a. To catch, 
as a ball. 2. to take, lift or 
toss up a child in the arms, 
yepolu, see azJ. 

, ^^or^r yemarike, yema- 
rge, ^^ o^-doa^. 
yeme, s. A turtle. 

, intg. pro. Who? ere. 
whoever, whoso- 
ever, any one. a-d^ who is 
that? a3 ?54o, vs83$<fo at 
whose house? a^/^S for 
whom? for whose sake? a5o 
35 (a5 Lcd5) who knows ? 
yeru, J^<2 ^e&- 

ff s3?D s yeruperu, 5. Difference, 
distinction. 2. perversion, 
distortion. 3. reproach. 

el yerane, ^/^-. Who? 

D^)> yeravuni, c.v. (of ^^ 
To raise, lift up. 2. to in- 
crease, enhance; promote. 
3. to load ; embark. 4. to pet 
and spoil. 3-3!?, ^baK to flat- 
ter; to pet and spoil a child, 




servant, e33_ to raise 
the price; to out-bid. 3o3_ 
to set up a tree. 2^ to 
enhance punishment, ^csotf 
to promote, increase one's 
pay. -Sy3-n& to load a cart 
or vessel with goods. 
Oyeri, s. A kind of fish. 2. a bed 
for planting vegetables etc. 
o yemni ( a ^), "'. a. To ascend , 
climb, mount, v. n. To rise. 

2. to be increased, be aug- 
mented. 3. to be accumu- 

;|F yerte, see ~$r. 

SJD^-S- yerlaki, s. A part of a 
boxing match. 

yersavuni (aster), t-. a. 
2. to beat, strike. 

3. to eat up. 
yety, J^ af. 

yelakki, J. Cardamoms. 
)?l yelanna, s. Weariness. e? 
--S- to become weary. 

:' yelamu, J-. An auction, 
public sale. 3^^o^. _ "rfos?o\ 
s> to sell by auction. 

^ yalavuni, c. t 1 . (of aoos) 
To cause to melt. 
^ yeluni (S), r-.7/. To melt, 
as lead, butter etc. 

1 yavanca, adi\ However, 
at any rate. 
>53e>d yevara, see ^g^ssstf. 

zSyevndeppnd^^. Doubt, 
perplexity, adj. Doubtful. 

yevura, J^ ^- 
yesa, ^^ ^?M- 

yesige, J^ 53e^^, ^e~^. 
<$* yelu, www. Seven. a^^3 
$ri yelige, J. Increase, growth. 
2. prosperity. 3 -improvement; 

yelpa, w^ 
o yelya, see 

yelveru, s. Seven persons. 


ei, The tenth letter of the 
alphabet. Also written esosj. 

einda, #tf^'. Hereafter. 
g,3D^, 3ogjt3e>> eindrajala, 
eindrajali, ^^ <^o^-, -&^o^-. 

eik^, /^^. (dat. of 4) For 
or to it. emph. -to or for 
it only, sow is it for it ? 
S owing to it, therefore. 


eikulu, /ro. wrw/. They. 
;- eikya, s. Unity, harmony. 
2. diligent application to any 
pursuit or occupation. 3. 
spiritual communion. 

rbsk eigalu, eigulu, s. 
A schoolmaster. 
* eigeru, see *5. 
eigena, J. Five spans. 



S3 3, eisra 

eitu, //#. (loo. of 94) In it. 
eiddavara, ^. Owing 
to it, therefore. 
53 3 eita, see eeoso^. 

S3^ eita, /r<?. (<?. of. e?4), Its, 
of it. 

S33e>d, 533-3,3 eitara, eitvira, J. 


5333^ eitala, .s. A kind of medi- 
cinal plant used for castrated 
S33DS? eitali, see 
sod ayida, see 
S0c3* einu, w/z. Five. z>33 fifth. 
S3^J3c5o einudu, num. Five hun- 

eipuni (so), ?'. . To tread. 
eibu, ^. A flaw, defect. 

eimule, s. Obliquity, ir- 
regularity, as in the founda- 
tion of a house. 

eiye, eiyye, see esoSog. 
eiyo, eiyyo tntj. 
Alas! 2. no, not. srftS sjre^, 
have you got money ? 

sool eiyo, ^^ S)^. 
SDC&cC* eiyeru, pro. Five per- 

eiyyelu, J^ e9odogs*. 
eiyyo, ///. ! woe ! 

eirutali, s. A kind of 

necklace worn by a virgin or 

sodd, S3Oe>f3 eirane, eirani, s. 
A new ornamented earthen 
vessel used by Lingaits during 
nuptial ceremonies. 
)Kie>) eiranali, see soSsas. 

eirana, eiranu, s. 
Weariness, affliction; bet. 5o<! 

133 f. 

eiravata, s. The elephant 
of Indra, regent of the eastern 

eiruni (>5), v.a. To wait, 
stay, stop. |- er> 

3irolu, s. A kind of creep- 

)?j* eilata, eilasu, s. , 
Sport. 2. childishness; also 

?5 S eilisu, ^. Incivility, impo- 
liteness; cf. 
eilesi, see 
sod eiva, w^w. Fifty. 3 the 

eivaji, eiveji ^. 
Money, wealth, property. 
5 eiveru, see sooSogS. 

eisabasu, m/y. Bravo! 

well done! 

eisvarya, ^. Wealth, rich- 

53 s 6 eisu, z/y. Ha ! alas ! 
S3?o eisa, see e?odoo^. 
53^ eisra, s. Wealth. 2. cheer- 
fulness; cf. 




wo, Tbe eleventh letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written 4. 

wonku, adj. Thin. 

wonka, J. Crookedness. 2. 
a hole (of rats, snakes etc.) 
adj. Crooked, curved. 

^ wonkade, s. Yomitting. 
-3u^s>, -eiLrr- to feel an in- 
clination to vomit. 

wonki, sec sSc-3-. 

^i wong-eruni, see Sjo^do^. 

woncake, ^. A deceiver, 
cheat; cf. ^o^^. 

oZtf^, Zoo^s3^ woncane, wonca- 
Ime, s. Deceit, fraud, delusion; 
also ^c^j3. rfo^A^ to cheat, 

worici, adr. Whence? 
where? are anywhere. 20^ 
whence do you come? 
o^^)^ woncipuni C^ceJ). 7'. a. 
To deceive; &/. ^sel^S). 

o^^, loot!^ worijane, wonjene, 

. First; cf. "&o. 
wonji, num. One (waj. So5, 
;. e-Sr). _vLa to be united 
reconciled. -5 e ^ perhaps. 
Asc35 each, one by one. 
22 some, certain. &>o 

ee9cSoa3 f?jjUo on a certain 


wonta, s. The hip, waist, 

loins; cf. 


lS wonti, adj. Alone, single, 
separated. ^ a single man. 
l3 wonti, s. An ear-ring. 

e3 wonte, J. A camel, drome- 

wonda, s. A public tank. 
2. a hole, pit. 
ocS wonde, see tfactl 

G^rre6 wontagare, ^. A strong 
man. 2. a clever man. 
wonti, .r. Turn. time. 
k wontige, J. Contribution. 
,0^$ to collect contribu- 
tions. Aabrs, 3jS<3o$ to 

wontu, J. A turn, time. 
adv. Once. 

J wonte, s. A little, a bit, 
smallness. adj. Little, few, 
small, trifling; also s^crf. 
a few persons. & a few 
days. -^>^or a little time. 

very little. 

wondake, ^. Urine. -^ 
to piss, make water. 
^ wondane, J<?<? ^^ 

oodJSe^ wondalige, 
wondolme, s. Congruity. 

)^ wondavuni, c. i\ (of&>o 
To gatber, collect, join; 
to beap up. 

a^, oooftri wondike, wondige, 
s. Joining, uniting, coales- 
cence; cf. sSjsca^. 




wondipuni, sec 
wonduni (s^oS), ?. a.&n. 
To gather, accumulate. 
ocS wonde, see ajo. 

c3JS^)0^ wondoluve, J. Rela- 

wonnu, ^. Gold, 
wonne, .? 

wojnbu, adj. Becoming 
elegant, graceful. 

wombuni (SoosS), v. n 
To be suitable, to agree with 

womma, intj. of surprise 

Eoo^oori wommukha, 
wommuga, s. One direction. 
adv. In one direction. ?&$, 
^jsiks to assemble for a 
certain purpose. 

35^00^ wommuta, adv. All a- 
round; cf. erooeoo^. 

womme, adv. Once. 2. 
together \ cf. SodsecS. 33 

<j 7 _/ 

oneness, unity. 3os^s> to 
gather, collect, heap up. 

:>^oel>,> womettuni ('< 
eJ ' 

v. n. To be gathered. 
osSo^^> wommevuni 
v. n. To be united, to be as- 

wornku, s. A lane, foot- 
path; also SoSo^. 

wornde, s. A quarter seer; 

wormba, num. Nine. 3 
the ninth. 

wormbuni, see 

wokalatu, see 
wokile, see 3S?. 
=^, wokka, ^. The hip, waist. 
Suaao a string 0?- thin girdle 
round the waist. 
=0,^5, wokkattu, s. Concord, 
^o^wokkattuni^*^), v.n. 

To be in concord. 

^_r3, 2T^p| wokkana, wokkane, 
^. A heading, title, address. 
2. style, composition; bet. 3 
^s3. sj^zlioi to sign. 
,020 wokkayi, s. A single hand. 
wokkuni (^^), v. a. To 

0* wokkelu, s. A tenant. e? 
^s> to occupy, reside. TOT$O$ 
to be tenanted as a house, 
place or garden. 

=$,d wokkelme, s. One of a 
cultivating class called the 

Bants, a Bant; fern, a^oa, 

o o 

wogatu, J. A riddle, an 
enigma. 2. mystic language, 
cant. rf SJ^^TJ an ambiguous 

* wogaru, s. Brackishness. 
". Salty, brackish. 

wogaruni (^XS),^. . To 
become salty ^^ brackish. 

Eri ^ wogg-atu, see 

2o?\ ^yo 

A eo 

, woggattuni, 

A 80 

woggada, s. Oneness, con- 
cord. ef&s, 5^ aj?\3 tb?>. 




,r! dfl woggaraue, s. Seasoning. 
to season. 


To become one, be united. 
ft woggi, s. A handle, hook; 
cf. cn>?\. tJeteoao a piece of 
plank suspended on both ends, 
for keeping things. &&& to 
be of one mind, -^w^a to 
lay wait. 

woggundi, s. Depth. 
wocana, see -3. 

wocipuni (&>^), 7-. 0. To 
wipe off, rub out, efface. 
2. to clean. 

. woccadi, adj. Single. 


wocci, s. A small whetting 


board: ^/j<? 2j2p'rfor3. si^soso 


a board for sharpening knives, 
chisels etc. 
23o&j wocciyuni ( aj ^), ?. a. 

^r ^*^ 

To deliver, give in charge; 
also 2oeJ 5 ^asLr 



2. to whet, sharpen 
(a knife). 3. to row (a boat). 

woja, wojaya, wo j aye, woja, 
wojedi, s. Deduction, subtrac- 
tion, remission. ssTiid to 
deduct, remit. 

wojaim, wo^'ane, s. A 
load, weight, burden. 
3d, to^ wjira, wojra, s. A 
diamond; bet. 3^. 
3^6 wojire, ^. A vizier. 
^ wotayisuni 

!3), 7-. a. To gather. 2. to 

change money, cash a cheque 

or note. 

; wotara, s. The enclosure 

of a house. 2. vicinity. 
toU s ^^,^J wotta, wottavu s. 

Discount, agio. 2. premium. 

dj33J3Q2o:3 discount of a rupee. 
^e3. wotta, s. The chin. 

wottam, s. Money, cash. 
^kra,3 wottara, wottare, 

fe'. On the whole; cf. 

wottige, ^ 


&3o wottu, s. Total. 2. amount, 
sum. 3. the whole. XO^T? 
the whole contract. ^>S the 
whole. 3a} an aggregate 
account, sum total. 3o^?> 
to add, collect, heap, sum 
up. Sjii^Xo together, with, 
along with: ou the whole. 
khfi wottuni (^), -i'.a. To 
press. 2. to heap, pile up. 

&3 wotte, ^. The lip, mouth. 

'ft wotte, s. A fissure, hole. 
2. a potsherd. adj. Broken, 

wod^telu, sec iA)i o ^. 
woda, /<;j//. With. 

ke, wodambadige, J. Agree- 
ment, consent, contract, cove- 
nant. 2. a treaty. 

333o> wodambadipuni (^^= 
aici), ?'. a. To consent, agree, 
concur. 2. to be pleased. 




:5* wodaku, s. Bruise, frac- 
ture. 2. a leak. 3SQsotre:xb a 
prater, tell-tale. 

wodakari, see a^da. 
wodatana, sec 2ozf^^. 
wodati, .y. A mistress. 

3Jy 6 wodatelu, .?. Breaking. 
adj. Broken; cf. uvS^S. 

wodaye, ?. A proprietor, 
master, lord. 

wodaru, s. An additional 
rafter or prop, used for sup- 
porting a roof; also SjrfS. 

wodalu, sec ox>c$6". 
ds3 wodave, J. Property in 
general. 2. an ornament, 

^ wodi, s. A border. 2. di- 
vision, plot or range of rice- 
fields. 3^$ to put borders 
in a field. 

H wodi, .y. A bubo. a^s 3X 
sg,$, tfojfc a bubo to break 

wodipuni, see SjtS^s>. 
ao&o3jj> wodiyuni (a^a), ^/. . To 
break. 2. to stoop, bend, as 
a branch laden with fruits. 

wodilu, see 
wodive, see 

&od) wodu, woddu, s. Igua- 
na. ?ij5cdoo), 0X0 s> an 


iguana to get into a house; 
.) to have a bad omen. 

k^Oono* wodunkelu, 
wodungelu s. The end. 2. 
boundary, limit. 

^), T/. . To cease to bear 

djoWJ wodumbu, s. Stupidity. 
2. uselessness. adj. Stupid: 

wodumbulu, see 

^do^j^ wodupuni (aj^o), -v. a. To 

2ozS, zd&d o wode, wodetaddyei 


s. A kind of cake. 
tod wode, #<&>. Where? whither? 
TdooWj how far? how long? 

wodetana, s. Proprietor- 
ship, mastery. 

^doi wodetaruni (8jtJ^5),r. . 
To suffer from the pain of a 
boil etc. 

wodepuni (^), v. a. To 
break or break open. 

o> wodeyuni (ajt), v. n. To 

wodeye, see ajrfoSo. 
o, wodewottu, s. A whole 
l wodka, s. End, termination. 


2. bruise, flky'. Broken. crooSo 
the last man. CJ^^B, 2oT^e;5 
inferior rice imported from 
the Ghats, broken rice. 
cie? wodkelu,^. Finishing, end. 


wodda, #^/. Flowing, z><>5 


flowing water. 


?>) To turn, stretch, cast, set. 

9 wodda 

$?5 to turn flowing water 
into a field <?/. ^ to hold 
or stretch out the hand. 
sod- to cast a net. cnxfcew 
to set up a snare. 

woddalu, s. A stalwart 
well formed man. 
woddi, see en)fc . 


woddu, s. Stubble. 2. .? 


, v. a. To 

hold or stretch out, as the 
hand. r. n. To flow, run. 
wodde, s. Multiplication 


, s. A royal 
assembly, darbar. 
, wodta, s. A stroke, beating. 
2. gain, emolument. 
^ wodte, s. A kind of fish. 
O* wodtelu, see &&$. 

wodpavuni, c. v. (of z> 
^) To cause to pluck, 
bend, sink in. 2. to lessen, 
diminish. 3. to drain. $?&- 
to drain a rice-field after 
sowing or before reaping. 
4. to change, as money. 
wodpu, s. Plucking. 


jjci wodpuni (a*5), t/. a. To 
pluck. 2. to lessen, decrease. 
k ?, zn^re wodyane, wodyana, 
j. A belt or girdle, made 
of gold etc. and generally 
worn by a devil-dancer. 
2ogoft^> wodyungila, s. A ring 
with engraving worn by 

wodyuni, see SJT^S. 

s o7^s* wonungel^, adj. Dry, 
withered; lean, thin; also ov> 

wonakattu, wo- 


nakatte, y. Dried. 2. stiff. 
3. faded, emaciated; cf. 3? 



wonakelu, ^. Dryness. 
2. J en) s^^. 

wonape, adj. Bitter, astrin- 

wonaru, see 
^ wonas^, see 
fl wone, ^. Bail, security. 
-ssoSo a bail, bondsman. 
^ wotta, J^ cnn^. 
^fo*. wottattu, s. One side. 


ff(/r'. Aside, in a corner. &e 

t>a to keep aside. 

o3o, 2^3^ ojo wottaya, wotta- 
ya, s. Force, compulsion. 
2. persuasion, coaxing; also 
T$3 odo. _^ijtfjvS> to force; to 

^.d wottare, we vu^S. 
^d wottare, ^. Extremity, 
corner. 2. order, arrange- 
ment. a?bs> to keep in a 
corner, put in order- -&?>$> 
to move aside _ rfjtfo^s to 

* d wottakshara, s. An under 



wottana, ^. One place, 
or side. 

wottavuni, e. v. 




s) To cause to press. 2. to 
be impressed 0r sealed. 
^ wotti, s. A pawn, pledge. 
DeL to pawn. 

wottu, .?. The mark of 
aspiration under a letter; 
a kerned letter. 2. closeness, 
thickness. a?ib$ to place 
closely, fix firmly; to foment. 
_&?} zirfLs or 5:3^0$ to 
reproach or abuse indirectly, 
ttu, wot- 
tottu, adk'. Very closely. 

wottuni, v. a. To press. 
2. shampoo. 3. to seal, stamp. 
v. n. To be close, or thick set. 
Jg wotte, adj. Single, solitary. 
i^ wotte, see a^. 
igSS wottele, s. An oppressor. 
cSn* wodagu, s. Haste, speed, 
zfctfo^ to make haste, to 

, wodagavuni, c. v. (of 
To procure, supply. 
2. to prepare. 3. to assist; 
also SorifisS^jsLiFS). 
e*dr(o> wodaguni (&ztf\), v. n. To 
be opportune, or ready. 2. 
to prosper. 

wodaru, J^ aj^&. 
& wodi, ^. Phlegm, phlegmatic 
humour. 3^$ phlegm to 
gather in the throat, to breathe 
hard; to become hoarse. 3 
phlegm to rattle. 

wodeyuni, j^ ewd^s). 

i, c.v.(of 
To oppress, molest. 

eJ woddata, ^. Hardship, 
difficulty, misfortune. 2. suf- 
fering from any disease. 

2wC3s> cs^^)^ woddaduni, 
woddadupuni (ajo^S), z-. . To 
be in distress, strive with 
difficulties. 2. to be pro- 
strated from illness, 
woddavuni, see 
wodduni, see 

S wodde, s. Wetness, moisture. 
"adj. Wet; cf. ^ 

wona, J^ ste. 
dsS wonape, J^ ajresS. 
jD 5 wonaru, ^. An art, skill, 
cunning. 2. means, device, 
attempt. nsco a contriver, 
schemer; also 5&>c5. 
3e)osd wonantara, J^ ste- 
Jr^, EO^, 2w^^ wopage, woppa, 
woppage, aafe'. Jointly, in 
company with. adj. (^>^) 
Joint; accessary; neighbour- 
ing. aj^crocSo a companion, 
attendant. Zj^ 4^ ?roc3o born 
of the same parents, a brother. 
Jra wopala, see eo^e^. 

oCj woppanda, s. An agree- 
ment, contract. 2. an alli- 
ance, treaty. 
J.^d woppasale, s. Flattery. 


^oira^;^ woppavuni, 
woppiyavuni, ^. ^ . (of ^^ty 
To cause to consent or agree. 
2. to. persuade, prevail upon. 
3. to level. 8os^4 ^orf a level- 
led field. 



lo^j.ri woppige, ^. Consent, as- 
sent, agreement; compliance. 
::j~>, 2*^ois~o woppi- 
yuni, woppiyonuni l 20 ^), "' # 
To admit, acknowledge; to ac- 
quiesce in. 7 r . 72. To agree to, 
assent, consent. 2. to comply 
with. 3. to be fit, suitable. 
4. to resemble. 

Loo^k woppu, s. Signature. zx> 
^>S> to sign. 

o^?i ^jf wopportu, see &>&r&jr. 


I3fi, &o2J o^3 wobbantige, wo- 

tO 1\J 

bbante, s. A single man. rt</z'. 

co^o womma, *//. of surprise. 

i> wommuta, see ajc^ooa. 

2. harmony, unanimity. 3. see 

, womme, ^" 

woyana, see 

woyaluni (&>orfo>), 7-. ;/. 
To reel, stagger. 
O>J woyi, J^ ^So. 2. a pole, 


tfL&3 woyite, sec SJOB. 
j?si woyina, see 3c&>^. 

N woyipane, J. A kind of 
wooden comb to pick lice with; 
also u\fni. 

uoSLSTs;^ woyipavuni, c. r. (of 
zjOS33$) To cause to draw or 

^ woyipuni, 7 r . a. To draw. 
pull. dnig. 

; woyimale, s. Feigning, 
pretence; insinuation. 

woyilu, s. The force or 
velocity of a stream etc. 

woyisilu, see Zj3><><5. 

2o05j?3jsr?o^ woyisuni, 
woyisonuni, see ^sios. 

jp woyya, *//. A sound ut- 
tered by labourers by way 
of encouragement when draw- 
ing anything very ponderous. 

to utter this sound. 

woyyana, see 

woyyara, s. Coquetry, 
affectation, foppery. rfovo^, 
ajodro^s^^ to be affected or 

tf woru, num. One, single, 
solitary, csp. in cpds, as 

SR^ one eye /f. 
D* woru, ^^ 2o^o- 

d wora, ^ p . Once, at once. 

2o^ each time, now and then. 
Ooeo*, 2dosJj worantu, woran- 
tu, s. Hatred, ill-will. 2. re- 

To hate. 2. to retaliate. 

woraka, s. Gold leaf; gilt. 

woraka, ^. A watery place. 
woragu, s. A cushion to 
lean the back upon. 3oi* a 
wooden seat with a back. 
iw3rL woraguni (^^'^), z'. ft- To 
lean the bade against or upon 
anything, to recline. 

;. woratuni (arfS), r. . To 
wrangle. 2. to importunate. 
3. to haggle; cf. 




.d^ worada, s. A collection, 
subscription; cf. ZjoSX. 
dro* woranu, -r. A pagoda, coin 
of four Rupees. ecoc gold 
below the highest touch. ^ 
^j?S a coin of the value of 
13 gold fanams. 
Ca, &oCDa worata, worata, s. 
Urgency, necessity; pressure. 
2. an urgent demand; im- 
portunity. sleS a notice of 
demand for collection of rent. 
_ ^i>^$ to demand, impor- 
tune, urge. .a?3o a peremp- 
tory demand. 

di worate, s. The name of a 
female demon. 

d:3s)y woradata, s. Mutual 
wrangling, disputation, or 

dcT5;^oi woradaduni (a>tfzroS), 
v. n. To wrangle, contend, 

woradi, see ~^~. 
woraduni, see 
ti-$* woranu, see ztitf. 

dcj^* worabelu, s. Rice once 
cleared of its husk only. 
do* woralu, s. A large mortar. 
2. see arif . 

worale, J. A termite, white 

d^s? worasare, worasale, 
^. A kind of sham-fight in 
connection with a temple- 
festival. "3 
play this sham-fight. 
d So woraha, see 

woralu, ^. The plough- 
man's song. eroo^s, 20030 
^S, srotSos to sing such a 

t)^ woradu, worada, 
see 3jrftl 

woranu, J^ s>j^^. 
wori, a^/'. Single, solitary, 
worike, ^^ aj&^- 

xrars^ woripavuni, 
worpavuni, t. f. (of 2oS^) To 
spare. 2. to protect. 3. to 
assist, help. 

l>j> woripuni, wori- 
yuni (2 5 ), v. n. To remain, be 
left. 2. to survive. 
sS, o033o* woripe, woripelu, 
s. Remnant, adj. Remaining. 

,oo3.r woriye, worye,/?*?. 
A single <?;- solitary man. 
emph. N, ^ alone, singly, 
woru, s. Features, form, 
mark, shape. 3iAtfo$, ^^ 
3pe^$ to be changed, as one's 
features. 3^$ to recognise, 

woruva, ^^ Sj^r. 

woruvaira, ^r. Once, 
wore, s. A scabbard, sheath, 
worenkuni (ajiSo^), ^. w. 
To roll on the ground, in the 
dust or mire; also T?O^O$. 

worekallu, J. A touch- 
stone: also OOT?^. 


^JSO worekore, ^. Oblitera- 




woreguni, see 

worepuni, see 

worepelu, see 2oQ:5. 

worevuni (^), v. a. To 
rub, wipe, cause to corrode. 
2. to tease, trouble; cf. ootfjgs. 
63o> woresuni (^c3), v. n. To 
diminish, wear off. 2. to glide. 
3. to fail. i'.a. To rub, wipe. 
^Fora 5 " workannu, s. A single 

^FiS workadi, adj. One sided. 
2. partially developed. 20?^ 
a drooping or languid person. 
_ T?^S to cut or pare on one 
side of any thing. sieoora to 
develop gradually, as a creep- 
er or the kernel of a tender 
cocoanut. ^S^QSJ one half 
of a cocoanut. 

^FcS workade, .y. A stick in 
the manure. 

Se>Fc* workaru, ^. A single 
leg. 5 A)o^># to stand on 
one leg. 

workumbe, ad-:\ Alone. 

to^Fi) workenni, s. One of the 
i S i 

cheeks or temples. ^o^ 


lortF worga, ^. A class, commu- 
nity: a tribe. 2. a proprie- 
tary land. 3. (mere.} the 
ledger (book). 4. transfer, 
shift. ss3 : osoSo, trot? a 
proprietor, landlord. t?J:a 
to b" transferred: also ^Xr. 
^)Tj worgipuni (^ r '' r ), r. </. 
To arrange or classify 

counts in the ledger; also 

worguni (^ r ), v. n. To 
agree (any food) with one's 
stomach. 2. to have a relish 
for a particular dish. 3. to 
agree with a proposition. 

, 2rU)F$ worgele, worgole, 
j. A man who can relish or 
digest anything. 
U)?F8 worgori, s. The first of 
a breed of fowls. 
worja, sec 3'zr. 

worjipuni, see -3r3z>. 
worna, see ^5rer. 
F worta. see ^33. 
F worti, pron. A single 

F worte, see ^$- 2. see 2^. 
worda } adj. Bent, crooked, 
tortuous, uneven. -3jsL-$ to 
cast a side-glance, to leer: to 
squint. sra^os to place 
crookedly. 5n>3o$ to talk 
evasively aijs'dja to fall 
obliquely, a/^<? 33r. 
^ori o 9 " wordangelu,^^/. Crook- 
ed, curved; inclined, bent. 
35FS^)?i wordavum, c. 7 1 . (^ ^ 
-j-s) To incline, slope, form 
with a slope. 

wordi, s. Report, . 
intimation. ^jstr^. tiooSj^ 
to report, intimate; also 

-Trj worduni (^^ r ), '' w. To 
bend, bow. 2. to lean on one 




wordelu, adj. Bent, ob- 
lique. s. A bend, crook. 

wordele, s. A capricious 

worna, s. Shape; see 3rr. 
rrf 3^c3 as before. 

wornaga, adv. Formerly, 
once upon a time. 
c5e)F) wornali, .y. A single pulse 
or artery. 2. the uvula. 3. 
a swelling in one of the ker- 
nels of the throat ; cf. ^artf. 
jFs3 worpale, s. A lean, thin 
man. 2. a single leaf. 3. a 
mat made of single palmyra 
leaves. 4. a small mat for 
one person; cf. &>20r<$. 

Fci worpude, s. Torment, 
trouble. 2. one side. 
3)~c3 worpude, s. A single load. 
s3r worpe, see ^83- 
^F^JF, ^O^FS^ worportu, 
worpoltu, s. Half a day. rf 
s3?e3 half a day's labour; 
work that can be finished 
within half a day. 

worbadi, adj. Single. 
a garment, a small 
piece of cloth, adv. Whole, 
all over, entire. 
F3, So^rs? worbale, worbale, 
s. A single slip of a bamboo. 
2. a bangle. 

worbuddhi, s. Union, 


worbule, ^. A single crop. 
worbhaga, s. A single 
part, portion or division. 

JF worma, s. A vital organ 
or member; also ^&F. 2. 
a secret. 3 secret; pricking; 
vital. 3 &7>K a vital part. - 
s^etf a secret that will affect 
a person. 

wormara, s. The trunk of 
a tree lopped of its branches. 
SoFOs) worme, worme- 
la, adv. Throughout, every- 
where, all over. 

worya, s. Remainder. 
r conclusion. xJo^u 
dangerous sickness. 
^Fworla, s. A seer, a measure 
equal to eighty tolas. 
a seer of paddy. 
(/zV. a man worth a seer of 
paddy), a worthless man. 
X)F> worluni, see Sjskra. 
dF worva, s. Crookedness, adj. 
Oblique, slope; cf. >3. croo 
^osi to stand crookedly. s^ 
to talk evasively. 

worvara, see 
worsa, J. A year; 
^orio^i wolunguni (i*oK),'v. n. 
To move in a circle or to 
and fro. 

orb^ wolanguni (>ejoK), t-. . 
To incline, lean. 
;ode;, 2*jOods3 wolandala, wo- 
landale, s. Swoon, fainting. 

vz> 6 wolampu, wolapu, 
s. Cleanliness, purity. 2. af- 
fectation in walking. 

^ wolapuni (&e>), ?'. a. To 
love. 2. to fondle. 





wolamayi, s. Pasture, 
to tie cattle for graz- 
ing; also WC^JSOAJ. 
^s3o, oi>osl> wolame, wolume, 
s. Affection, love, kindness. 
>r/' wolasu, adj. Putrid, stink- 
ing, dirty, unclean; also^-^- 

wola, intj. Behold! lo! 
oli, An affix to verbs mean- 
ing can, e.g. ^os^e? can 
make, or can be made; &e 
4 can go; ^?de3 can read, 
etc. (ppp. to a:^ cannot). 
woli, s. A cadjan leaf used 
to write upon. & tforfo^ a 
basket made of cadjan leaves. 
)33) wolipu, .?. The skin. 2. 
the skin of a snake. 3. shape. 
_7^$> to cast off the skin, as 
a snake. 

>33)5> wolipuni (&), r. . To 
be possessed with a demon. 

wolipe, s. Gratuitous sup- 
plies to persons of distinction. 
2. a present, gift. ^-sLrs to 
give a present; also A>e23. 

aoOslid) wolimade, .s. A place 
where devil-dancers are paint- 

o)o&o woliyuni (3j<s), 7'. . To 
favour, be kind, as superiors 
to inferiors. 

2*jsjoorfj> wolunguni, 

r <~"d wole, pL of &><IK>. 
^) woleppu, see e?^. 

LO^ wolpa, see Sjv-j. 

wolpe, ^. Purity; cf. 
2. j 

d wolbe, J. A kind of paddy- 

^d wolme, see 
Eo^rsri wollanige, ^. A cloth 
covering the privities. 
-tf wollasu, see croe^?i. 

wolli. J. The sheet, i.e. a 

broad piece of cloth, used 
for covering the body in bed. 
2. a laced cloth for wearing; 
also Soe^. 

d , &o$, wolle, wolle, s. A water- 

<* , v 

snake. 2.^^ 2^- 

wollekodi, ^. A medi- 
cinal plant Memecylon am- 


s3 wolve, ^. Resemblance, simi- 

3 . 

wovu, intg. pron. Which? 
what? 2j4<yj> whatever, any- 

j^o wovulu, see jv*o. 

wosa, J. Charge, possession. 
2. subjection; also $*. _ e??j^ 
to pass into possession, to 
submit; to be facinated, 
charmed. ^otfo^ to take 
charge of; to subject, subdue; 
to gain over, enchant, charm, 

>, z*f>t wosilu, wo- 
slli, woseli, s. Bias, partiality; 
also 3&eC. rfo^S) to be par- 

osJcJj, z^oi) wosage, wo- 
saya,wosaye, J. News. 2. the 
ceremony of sending a mes- 
senger to a girl's husband 




or parents, with the news 
of her attaining puberty. # 
34rfos> to send such a message. 

o ff wosaru, s. A spring, foun- 
tain. 3*3 a fountain-head. 
tfoS an oozing 0r trickling 
spring. ^<5 a lateral spring. 
j(3o) wosaruni (&>*5), v. n. To 
ooze, leak. 

wosllu, see z&&. 
wosulu, s. Collection or 
recovery of any dues; also 
Ssiaa). _riotfo^5> to collect, 

? wola, adj. Inner, internal. 
2. secret, private; also ~&*$' 
t^ intermeddling ; collu- 
sion, conspiracy. 

rTs)&> wolagapini (atf7w>), .#. 
To submit, obey. 2. to adhere, 
as to a party. 

rtatb. wolaguttu, s. A secret, 

wolacilu, ^. A grove, 

under-wood; a fenced wood 
near a house; also <ye? . 


dolk wolamattu, J. The in- 
ternal measurement of a given 
area, or of a hollow thing. 

sissrtF wolamarga, s. A by- 
path, footpath; also CAJ^JS Xr. 

s^), aoS'i)^) wolavu, wolavu, 
^. Curve, bend; inclination. 
2. the mind, secret thought. 

5ix>o>a* wolamundilu, s. The 
inner courtyard of a house. 

?oc2S, fco^nJo^o wolasanci, wo- 
lasancu, s. Collusion, conspi- 
racy, plot. 

?lfS^. wolasutra, ^. The inner 


frame of a door ^^ window, 
woli, s. Light, splendour. 

?j wolepuni (2^), v. a. To 

wolevuni, ^^ ca)e34.^>. 
^, 20^,, 2o^ wolty, 
wolta, woltu, wolpa, 
wollekodi, J^e 

to wo, The twelfth letter of the 

alphabet. In MSS. it is often 

written ;&>? 
to wo, intj. 0! oh! as, So TO^JS 

Rama! &> ?5^ mother! 
too^cS wonkade, s. An enort to 

vomit, retching. 2. heav- 


ing of the belly. 


j?) wongeruni 

To listen. 2. to overhear, 

wonti, see ijott. 

wonte, ^. A kind of large 



to Co? wodya 

thin reed. 2. a pipe made of 
.: wonte, see >u. 

fcoo&Sa^)'!? wontepuli, s. The sour 
fruit of Garcina cambogia; 
also .orif i^, 5^-r^ 1 ?. 
ijodo wondu, (abbr. of otfoc3o) 
Where is it? 

wonti, J. A blood-sucker, 
salamander. 3^ a swell- 
ing of the face. ~x>$ a 
kind of fish. 

$ wokali, wokuli, .y. 
Crimsoned turmeric water. 
?y squirting this red li- 
quid upon passers by etc. at 
the conclusion of an impor- 
tant temple festival or of a 
marriage; also e^rf. 
^J: rsj wokonuni (Sj^f?), 7-. # . 
To answer to a call. 
2C 3 JSrjo^) wononuni, see jo^e3os>. 
2c woci, .J. A pair, couple. 
_s7)Tli?) to pair, couple, 
fc:, L>^^ w5Ja, wojarsa, s. Light, 
splendour. 2. strength. 3. 
bravery, valour. 
p wop, intj. Hailing, calling 
out to a person at a distance, 
wojju, s. A tie, knot. -333 
IB to tie. 

,vota, s. Running, race. 2. 
the current of a stream, sail- 
ing of a vessel. 

wotepuli, sie 3083*. 
isrf woda, s. A boat, wherry, 
a boatman. rf aod a 

net for throwing from a boat. 
3otf Q3o a boat-shaped wooden 

wodari, s. A potter. 2. a 
term of reproach implying 
want of sense. ^fori. _e2?3 
the potter's work; a clumsy 
or ill-executed work. 
^3* wodikattu, s. A religious 
or social association of mem- 
bers of the same caste at 
board, festival, marriage etc.; 

J gj 

LJ^O wodilu, wodu, s. A 
potsherd. 2. a tile. 

woduni (>S), ?>. n. To 
run. &<& roots to spread 
in every direction, 
wode, see &>^- 

i, fcoziA* wode, wodegu, adv. 
Where? cf. j^o. 

wodreyi, abbr. of 

woni, s. A lane, alley, 
wone, J^ sr^Fi. 

onedaye, J. An areca- 
nut planter. 2. the name of 
a caste. 3. a lame man. 
LcoD^)^ wodavuni, c. v. (of &^$) 
To cause to read, to teach 
how to read. 

wodige, wodu, s. 
Reading, perusal. 
do woduni (^^), v. a. To 
read, peruse. &S5 ^f^^ to- 
read over to another. 
cS- wodya, sec ras^. 




wonama, s. The first 
letters with which a Hindu 
commences his studies, mean- 
ing 'I make obeisance to the 
Infinite'. 2. an alphabet. 
?:e>s3 wopasale, sec So^d 
srsa wopadi, adv. Like, ac- 
cording to. 

wopu, s. Polish, -d Spofco 
a fine kind of sand used for 
polishing jewellery. &8&F&, 
to polish. 

wopedaye, pro. What 
man ? intj. An expression of 

wobelu, s. The song of 
women sung while transplant- 
ing rice-plants. 

Ls3o woma, s. The seed of bishop's 
weed, common caraway, Si- 
son amomum, Ptychotis ajo- 
wan. 2. any small seed. 
to do woma, see sU?^o. 
i>o^ womana, adj. Darling, 
dear. s. Fondness, tender- 

woyi, intj. A polite form of 
j used in hailing, or in ans- 
wering the call of a superior 
person. Sjorfjs sir! 

woyikkane, s. A quill 
of a porcupine. 

woyya, see ajcdoo. 
worata, see so^e^y. 
wori, s. A kind of whisky. 

worige,^. Grumbling, howl. 
2. tallness, height. 

O'i; 5 woriyillu, wo- 

rillu, s. A hut. 2. a house 
with quarrelling inhabitans. 

oi>o woriyuni (^ 8 ), v. n. 
To grumble; see &5^)ca. 

woruni (^), "'. . To 
prate, babble; to wrangle. 

wore, adj. Crooked; bent. 
^J3^6worek6re, adj. Oblique, 
uneven, irregular. 

worevuni, wo- 

rovuni (^, *&),#., To be 
grumbling; to quarrel conti- 

woryuni, see joodoo$. 

wolaga, ^. A royal assem- 
bly, durbar. 

wolaga, s. A band of mu- 
sicians. crooSo a musician. 
do^s to play upon musical 

wolayi, J. Menial service 
of Pariahs. croo3o a menial 

s;o3:>^}> wolayipuni (Sj^oso), 
v. a. To serve. 2. to do ho- 
mage. j- ever< 

STSOSo wolayi, adv. Always, 
woli, s. A festival in honor 
of cupid; bet. sLses?. 

wolige, ^^ ^JS^T?. 

, woliya, s. A furrow, 
trench in the earth made by 
a spade or pickaxe. ^^ 
to make a trench. 

wolu, 0afo. As, like. s. 
Likeness, resemblance. 
ts3 wole, s. A metallic ear-ring. 
2. a palmyra leaf rolled up 

$3 wole 



and put into the hole of a 
female's ear. 3. a letter or 
epistle inscribed on a palmyra 
leaf. 7v3 the carrier of such 
a message. ^ jaggory made 
of palm juice. 

woleg-a, see >e>X. 

^ woleguni (>3K), :-.#. To 
sit in state. 2. to lean, recline. 
3. to tremble as a demon- 

Ss&raorF wolemanangu, s. A 
kind of fish. 

wolya, see >odo. 

wovu, zVz/0-. Which? what? 
woho, intj. Oh! oh! 

woligu, adj. Flexible, pli- 

wolige, see ^U? 1 ^. 

wolu, ^r'. Where? 03, j 
?. Sjvsorfe^) anywhere, 
everywhere. aj^. Sjs?^, 2j 
s^o T^O wherefrom? whence? 

o O 

aj^o f wna t place? 2o^ 
where? whither? in what 
place? whereabout? 
wole, see >3. 

au, The thirteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

aunkuni (?^), f. a. To 
press down. 

auntu, s. Arrogance, in- 
solence, pride. 

aumpuni (2? ), v.a> To 
chew, mumble, bite softly. 
kJj autu, s. End, termination. 
??ba to be finished. 
aude, ^. Dolichos catjang ; 

^ auta, 5-. The letter 5? in 
combination with a conso- 
nant, as in *pa. tfaSbra to 
combine it so. 


, !3s?i autana, autana, ^. A 
grand dinner. riotfo^j to 
give such a dinner. 
J^F auddrya- see 
audi, ^. sec 
d aura, ^<//'. Light, not heavy; 

Cf. 3oAO^. 

ausaknna, see 

aushadha, aushadhi, ausudhi, J. 
Medicine. _'. a drug. 

3 ausa, $ 




ka, The fourteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

kankana, s. A. bracelet. 
2. a sacred string tied round 
the right wrist of a bride- 
groom or the left of a bride. 
^rs^d kankanakhara, s. Bo- 
rax used in soldering metal- 
^cl), ^o^cf kankani, kankane, 
s. A bracelet of gold or shell- 
lac, with prickly chasings. 
a^s? a shell-lac bracelet of 
similar form covered with 
Dutch metal. 

kankane, adv. On the face, 
^sS kankappe, s. A small ham- 


mer, especially used by gold- 

^kj, kankabhatte s. The as- 
sumed name of Dharmaraja 
while residing in disguise 
with Virataraja. 

, 'cWaoJJo^ kankari- 
puni, kankariyuni (^c^&), r. n. 
To hawk, force up phlegm 
with a noise ; to clear the 
throat; to hem. 

kankini, see 3o^r5. 
,, ^oj3^ kankushta, 
kankoshta, s. A kind of fra- 
grant drug, used as a cos- 

kankula, s. The armpit, 
kanke. see t^o^B 


^. The areca-uut 

kangana, see ^csjre. 

, ^o/rs^ kangalu, kanga- 
lu, ^/'. Destitute, poor. 2. 
weak. 3. inferior. ^?i po- 
verty, weakness. e?L^to be 
poor; to become weak, or 

kangilu, kang-ila, kangula, kan- 
gula, s. A kind of dancing 
among pariahs at a particu- 
lar season. 2. a song sung 
at the time. 

kanguri, J. Enchased tin 
foils used in decoration. 

ocS 9 ^ kannana, kannila, 
s. A small plate. ^oaj a 
flat earthen plate. ^^ a 
hollow plate. 

=3^0^^, ^oS5"s^> karicala, 
kancala, kancala, s. The bitter 
gourd, Momordica charantia. 

kanci, s. The town of Con- 

kanci, s. Gong-metal, bell- 
metal. ^e;^ a vase. s'tljdoo 
yjj metallic utensilsof a de- 
mon shrine. 3 a lamp- 
post with circular tiers of 
lamps, zx>%3 a vessel made 
of that metal. 
zS^ejdj?^ kancikamakshi. s. 


The name of a goddess at 





karicipuli, s. A kind of bitter 
orange used in medicine. 

^o^^d karicikare, s. A kind of 

^O^ASO karicigare, s. A worker 
in bell-metal, brazier. 

Molars, ^cta^ karicini, kancini, s. 
A dancing-girl. 

^o^co* karicilu, s. A vow made 
to a demon. 

^o:3j kancu, ^-? ^ceS. 

. A lotus. 2. j^ #=~g- 

kanjalige, s. A kind of 

OCO kariji, s. A calf. 2. the 
pestle of a grinding stone. 
3. a sheaf of hay. 

odJS^j karijolu, s. A kind of 

ip kanjya, s. A bag or metallic 
vessel in which pilgrims put 
their offerings. 2. a wicker- 
work used for storing rice 

kanta, see =r 

^oej^ kanta, kantaka, s. 
Danger, peril. 

^ kantavu, s. An iron style 
used for writing upon palm 

kanti, see 


To stir up a quarrel. 
oL'Jo ?jkantiyuni,kan- 
^), e>. //. To quarrel, 
a quarrel. 

^ kantelu, s. The neck, 
throat. ~~, 3 ?>; swearing 
by the neck. 

^o&d kantyele, ^. A quarrel- 
some man. 

^odkantha, s. The neck, throat. 
_ ^Srare up to the neck ; swear- 
ing by the neck. -x>2 an 
ornament worn round the 

=CToUe>^Cr? kanthibharana, 
kind of necklace. 

^oSs^w kanthakshara, s. A gut- 


tural letter. 

o?jO kanthi, kanthisara, 
s. A necklace of gold beads 
worn by males. 
oDDc3j kanthiraye, s. The 
name of a certain king. ^> 
RJ a gold coin issued by him. 

=CToCS^a kandu, kandudi, 
adj. Stolen. 3uti stealing; 
adultery. o'cSg-^ a woman 
who has become pregnant by 
adultery, r/^. 

kanduji, see H 
kanda, ^. A field. 
kanda, see 

A husband. 
kandane, see sn^rig. 
kandapini, abbr. of 

kandabatte, ^. Con- 
fused, out of order. 2. un- 

M)nable. improper. 
Confusedly; at random: im- 

U kanda 


6 kanny. 

properly. .-0X0^$ to roam 
about. s^ttfos to prate, 
prattle; to abuse; to speak 

kandavuni, see 

kandi, J. A hole, opening. 
2. a window; cf. socS. 
kandita, -^ socaa. 
d kandimara, J. The trunk 
of a tree cut down for sawing. 
kandu, s. A thief. 2. a 
knave, rogue. 

kanduga, see soozliX. 
dji kandun! (^=5), 7.-. #. To 
take. 2. to steal. 
z! kande, ^. A bulbous root. 
2. the stomach. 3. bottom. 
wdo$ (/&'/. the stomach to 
evacuate), to be hard pres- 
sed, bothered; to be done 
up. srotfos, to suffer from 
colic. ZSJATJO^ to grow or 
appear above the surface of 
earth, as the trunk of a cocoa- 
nut tree etc. 

kaadekutti, s. A dwarf. 

} kandegare, see 

T.a. To make a cut. 
slc^ kandelu, a^'. Thievish, 
stealing. 33 thievishness, 
theft, ^czfd a male thief. o 
^so a female thief. 
djirjj^kandonuni, "'. rcf. (lit. 
to take for oneself) To steal, 

kannu, J. The eye; the 
sight, vision. 2. the nipple of a 
breast, pap etc. 3. a rent, tear. 
4. the eye of a needle. 5. the 
star in a peacock's feather. 
_ri 5z^ out of sight. rf i^o 
the eye-lashes. ri 
i -5^ the eyelids. 
_rf ^ooj3 the outer corner of 
the eye. -d X^, -ss ^orf the 
eye-ball. 3& a speck in the 
eye. rf 3iT5 a film on the eye. 
_4^or the rheum of the eyes. 

the pupil of the eye. rf ^ 
the eye-brows. ?5 tears. 
_S>e5c3s^si to shed tears. 3?3 
sore eyes. ^o3 liberality. 

J po 1/1 

prodigality; eagerness. rfoo 
3 <3 a man given to winking. 
&3CN a beck, wink. s^ 1 ^ 
an estimate made by looking 
at a thing, a rough calcula- 
tion. 5o3 a squint, leering. 
^otfotk a blind eye. eS?~> a 
sickness in which the eye- 
lashes fall off. -o^zfS &oL&. 

^?^s> to become blind. 

to wink. 2033 5 ^ 


to instigate, encourage 
by winking. ^u^ to blind- 
fold, deceive. 5^^ to stare 
vacantly, be puzzled. ^A 
tfo$, ^jao^o^, ^jstfe5cdoo^ to 

doze, be sleepy. a;^^. ^o 
tiov^, eoo<34' to open the 
eyes. s^dis to swoon. ^ 
to stare. 




ttfonz kannumberu, s. Talk- 
ing in sleep. 

*, kannukattu, J. Blind- 
folding, deception. 2. jug- 
glery, conjuration. trooSo a 

kanna, ^^ ^- 

kannambaruni (3oro 
, ?'. 72. To talk in sleep, 
kannadi, see tfo^a. 

tf&rs^jo^ kannadi- 
yuni, kannadyuni (^op5), r.n. 
To be confused, perplexed. 
rssirao* kannamalu, s. The 
morbid secretions of the eye. 
ro5)6 kannare, adv. With one's 
own eyes. 2. clearly, dis- 
tinctly. &a&s to see for 
oneself; to see clearly. 
c3 kanni, s. Fibre. 2. gummy 
exudation from the outer 
fibrous covering of a cocoa- 
nut. rfo'd Caryota urens. 
r^j^i kannuccu, ^. A kind of 


insect, infesting the eyes. 
ai^ kannoji, see tfojSjse^. 
kantu, J. An instalment 
or stipulated period of pay- 
ment. z&) a written con- 
tract to fulfill an obligation 
by instalments. rfotfo^a to 
agree to pay a debt by in- 
stalments; to fix, settle. 

a kantu, kanta, s. Depth. 
'2. a precipice, steepness, adj. 
Deep. 2. precipitous, adv. 
Deeply. 2. precipitously. -* 

&s> to fathom the depth of 
water. a?L$ to plant deeply. 

'. Inclined, bent 
downward. ^jsw^ a spade 
the edge of which is inclined 
inward. && to walk with 
downcast eyes. 1 

kantavuni, c.v. (o/3o 
To cause to fall or sink. 
2. to prick. 3. to offend. 
kantu, see 3o. 

kantuni (*o), ?. . To 
sink, go down. 2. set, as the 
sun etc. 3. to be pricked, 
as with a thorn, razor etc. 
4. to take to heart. 5. to be 
io* kantelu, s. Sinking. 

kandu, adj. Dull, faded. 
2. inferior. eSos^ inferior 
silver. ^e^ to fade; to be- 
come pale. 

kanduka, kandaka, 
s. A ditch, trench. 
cSoS) kandambi, .s 1 . The excre- 
ment of a new-born child, 
calf etc. 

cuoio kandaya, s. A space of 
four months. 2. assessment, 

kandavuni, c. v. (of ^o 
To render dim or dull. 
2. to deteriorate the actual 
state or quality of a thing. 
kandu, see 3oE. 

kanduni (^5), "'. . To 
fade, wither ; to be wan. 2. to 




become dim or dull. 3. to be 
vexed, annoyed. 

^o^s: s kandelu, s. A pitcher, 
large pot. aosfrsa a drun- 

^cd^20J?rfj kandeluburu, s. A 
kind of creeper. 

^odJ33 kandodi, ^. An adder, 
viper. ric33 wicked people. 
^83 a broad hooded snake. 
s^tSo a grey coloured snake. 
a?5 a water-snake, kd a 
yellow spotted snake. 
a kind of creeper. 

=5*0(3 kanna, s, A hole. 
to bore a hole. 

'ffoc&e kannada, ^. The Canarese 
language, adj. Of or belong- 
ing to Canarese or Canara. 

ftarfc^ kannadaka, s. A pair of 
spectacles, an eye-glass. 

^o^S kannadi, s. Glass. 2. a 
mirror. 3. a pair of eye- 
glasses. 200 a network for 
suspending earthen vessels. 
eos? a glass bangle. 

^o^dojjo^kannadeyuni, v.n. To 
suffer from morbid secretion 
of the sore eyes. 

^o^rtu* kannaderu, s. A class of 
Canarese speaking Sudras. ^c 
3i% a man of this class, 
kanni, see *crf. 

kannike, see 33ft 

kannoji, s. A class of 
professional thieves from the 
ghauts. 2. a rogue. 
kampa, see 7\ct>. 

& kampa, s. Agitation, tre- 
mor. 2. hesitation. 3. terror. 
$A an earthquake. rfepa 
diffidence in public speaking. 
5osjs5 aioa^s to frighten ; a 
fish to draw away the fishing 
tackle, when it has caught 
the bait. 

^ kampiyuni (^3), r. n. 
To tremble, quake, as with 
fear. i\ n. To make a notch. 
kamba, kambha, see 

badu, kambadu, kambapu, see 

kambi s. The borders of a 
cloth. 2. a flat bar of iron. 
3. a wire. ^3, Seiks to 
run away. 

owos^ kambula, kam- 
bula, s. A bullock race in a 

kambecci, J. A steel plate 
with holes for drawing wires. 
ofcSojr kamberlu, s. Demons 
worshipped by pariahs. 
UP a hut of such a demon. 
kamboli, s. A blanket. 

3& a species of hairy cater- 

kamma, ^. A pillar, post. 
kammare, ^. A black- 
smith. [fective. 

kammi, adj. Deficient, de- 
^j-S-p^ojkammukiminu, intj. 
Disturbance caused by talk- 



kammena, kam- 
yana, see 3^3. 

karnka, s. The state of 
being to burnt or singed. &s 

- to fry. roast. 

D^'^J karnkallu, s. Gravel. 


hard sand. 

0=5 vrdo^j karnkadyni (^ctrcrS), 
7 1 . . To burn. 

karricavuni, . v. (cf. 

To cause to burn 
to cinders. 

TC:^F karncuni (^c^or), r. . 
To be burned to cinders. 

- karnta, s. Obstinacy ; ha- j 
tred, grudge. 3^0^ to be 
obstinate: to have a grudge. ; 

karntavuni. c.v. (of 
s) To blacken, scorch. 
karntuni (s'cSr), i<. n. 
To fade, become pale; to be 

^o^r karnde, s. The shrub 

Sphaeranthus hirtus. 559^0 

^ the tree C.-irissa carandas. 

^c^r-^, karmpakki, ^. A kind 

of small bird frequenting a 

sugarcane plantation, [cane. 

^oWJF kannbu, s. The sugar- \ 

^oioord karmbuda, 

^o2Jor^) karmbunl 
To mutter. 

ijj karmbelu, ^. A stingy 

?3 kaoise, ^. Krushna's uncle. ; 
kakka, kakka, J. Sedi- 
*oais3 putrescence 
of sardi 


- 'J kakkata, ^. 


Alarm, fright, adj. Crooked. 

=5* 57> 6 kakkare, -sv 

kakkavuni, <;. T-. 

To cause to vomit. 

kakkuni (^) T '- ^- & w - 
To vomit. ^ to emit poison. 
as a serpent. 

kakkusu, s. A privy. 

to go to stool. 
kakke, ^. A crow, raven. 
jse& a black kind of fowl. 
a kind of black 
shelled oyster. 

kakke, s. Cassia fistula. 
T&tf its tree. 

odo* kakkendelu, 5. The 
shrub Canthium parviftorum ; 
Citrullus colocynthis. 

kakkokasastra, ^. 

A treatise on women. 

cra kanana, see 

a^^ kacakaca, zV//y. A sound 
produced, as when kneading 
any glutinous substance. 
%??> to tread or knead any- 
thing to a jelly. 

_ kacakka, s. A sound pro- 
duced by a stone falling into 

, =5^3023 kacapici, kaciku- 
ci, s. Confusion, disorder. ~2. 
reducing anything to a jelly. 
adj. Gummy, sticky. 3. zig- 
zag; difficult to deciplu 





kacita, see 
kacura, see 


kacure, .?. A clever man. 
kaceri, ^. A public office. 
the Tahsildar's office. 
the Collector's office. 
kaccakadi, J. A tortoise 

kacc'ade, s. An outcast. 
kacca, ^/'. Green, unripe; 
raw. 2. silly, indiscreet. 
3. base, low. 

eJ kaccata, s. Quarrelling, 


fighting; dispute. 
23e>oa kaccaduni, "'. 0. To 



kaccavuni, c. v. (o/tfzQ 
To join fast. 

kacci, ^^ 3&5> 

kacci, J. A notch, incision. 

to make a notch. 
kaccikada, J^ ^g^a. 

kaccidaye, J. A native 
'of Cutch. 

^0$ kaccuni ( 3! ^ r ), ^- w - To 

be joined fast. t/. . To bite. 

^23 J3 d kaccura, s. A fragrant 


root of the Zedoary Zeruui- 
bet or Curcuma Zerumbet ; 
Kcempferia galanga. 
=&Z3 kacce, s. The end or hem of 
a lower garment gathered up 
behind and tucked into the 
waist-band. ^y^?> to fasten 
the under cloth behind; any 
fluid to run down the rim 

while tilting; to turn the tail 
between legs, as a dog. 
^okf, ^&oS3 kajantij, kajanti, 

see ^rdcO. 

tffcjos&n* 3j ka.jammadume, s. The 
tonsure of a child. 

kajaku, s. An oyster or 
cockle shell. 2. a cocoanut 
shell. ^jseeu_ the shell of a 
black oyster. 

t^odod kajakuruve, s. A kind 
of basket. 

kajake, adj. Variegated 
with white and black. &s?> 
a white fowl streaked with 

kajane, s. The green stuff 
floating on stagnant water. 
kajaruni, see zg^s. 
^^31)4 kajavu, kajavu, 5. 
Rubbish, sweepings. 2. ^ 

kajane, j 
kajipu, s. Curry. 
SJ 5 kajilu, m- *s55. 
8 kaje, ^-. A kind of grass 
growing on brackish soil. 
2. an acid substance accu- 
mulated on the teeth by 
chewing betel leaves. 
E kaje, adj. Dark-red, reddish. 
S9> an inferior kind of rice. 
kajepuni (^), v. a. To 
chew. 2. to husk with the 
teeth or beak. 

^kajeruni (--S), y. a. To 
waste, as time. 2. to lose, as 




sleep. 3. to delay, put off, as 

work or labour. 

s;* ka^elu, s. The after-birth, 


kajelpuni (^~), see 


kaj.Jatu, * North-west 

33 c& kajjaya, -r. A cake made 
of rice, jaggory and ghee. 
t>c a sweet preparation 
consisting of dholl, gingely 
seed, jaggory, cocoanut, and 
kajji, see X. 

kajjura, ^^ Xs35. 
'., J. Business, work. 

kajjeruni (^f^), P. . 

To be interrupted, procrasti- 

f^b? katukutu, s. The noise 
produced in biting or chewing 
any hard substance. 2. un- 
easiness in the bowels. 

katumastu, sec XO^o^. 
katakata, s. Babbling, 
chattering, sro^os to chat- 
ter; to speak harshly. $ 
$> to laugh noisily. 
JiS^N katakkane, adv. Readily, 
suddenly, at once. ^^yS 
to speak harshly. 

katale,^. The shopkeeper's 
open box for putting in cash. 
33^13 katakuti, s. Confusion, 
disorder, disturbance. sfe 
lumber, things lying in 

confusion. cao^i5j a quiet 

katari, see ^328. 
katavu, J. Reaping. 
kataksha, J. A glance, 
side-look. 2. mercy, favour. 

&?&s>4s> to show mercy. 

&?L$ to regard with favour. 

katina, jj^ ^SP. 

13^13 katipiti, s. Wrangling. 
2. disagreement, misunder- 
standing. 3ot>r$ misunder- 

standing to arise. 
to wrangle ; to haggle in mak- 
ing a bargain; to disturb, 
as by babbling. 

ejjao, ^^js^d katura, 
katura, katora, adj. Harsh, 
severe, cruel; cf. ^3r. 
,6J3^3or?i katkarohini, s. Black 
hellebore, Hclleborus niger. 
kattu, s. A band, hoop. 
2. a tie, bandage. 3. a bundle, 
packet. 4. an order, com- 
mand; a regulation. 5. a 
bond. ^y^ a law, institute, 
usage, routine. ^?5 fixed 
hire. T^ra to loosen a tie. 
^\> to unfasten; to cancel 
a rule. sfctfo^a to make 
a resolution, or rule; to ex- 

kattukamma, s. A fixed 

kattukada. ^. 

kattukadi, s. Determin- 

ation, settlement. 



kattukade, s. A final 
arrangement or resolution. 
^ finally, at last, on the ex- 
treme point. 

fo* ^$ kattyikathe, s. A fable, 
novel, romance. 
fo^.sjooejj, kattijmuttu, set 

& katt^lme, see 'U,^- 

J* kattuvasu, s. A rough 
kind of cloth. 2. a piece of 
cloth to wrap up clothes etc. 
J, katta, s. A dam. 2. 5^ ^^. 
. katta, see *3.- 

6J w 

rs kattana, s. An embank- 
ment. 2. any earth- or stone- 
work. 3. a building. 

csz^ds^} kattanaclravu, s. A 
bag with divisions; also X^o 


kattapuni, s. An em- 
bankment between rice-fields 
or across a water-course. 
e3 d kattalme, s. A building. 

kattale, s. Custom, prac- 
tice. 2. an order. 3. a rule, 

'- ^oeJ kattakutti. see ^Sro^ot?. 
U eo kattani, s. A necklace of 
five or seven strings of gold 

beads, each having a gold coin 
in the middle. 

ks|,4^kaUavuni, c.v. (of. 3u^ 
$) To cause to bind or tie. 

2. to have a house etc. built. 

3. to supply. ^^ to supply 
with vegetables. 

kattavuni i 
To winnow. 
^13 ft kattige, s. Fuel, firewood. 
TjkJo kattu, see #0. 

kattuttara, s. Adjust- 
ment, settlement. 2. order 

command. 3. the pacification 
of a devil. 

kattuni (^0) i). a. To 

ej> \ w 

bind, tie, fasten, secure. 2. to 

build, construct. 3. to set, 
as jewels. 4. to amass, as 
wealth. 5. to deposit, as money. 
6. to pay government dues. 

^13^5 T2bF$ (lit. to tie and 
give) to erect for another, 
as | ^ OS &sbF$ to build 


a house for another; ^513^5 
=jzbr& to submit voluntarily ; 
jTOnojo ^0 S tftabrs) to refer a 
dispute for arbitration; efteao 
.5 ^jsbr?) to lease out a 
3^S e>eL$ to store, 
amass; to forbear, as from 
showing one's pride. ^^> 
SJD^JO) to confine. #05 s^>;frfo$ 
to argue closely a point in 
dispute, to contest. 

,. kattumuttu, J^ 




katte, ^. A raised seat of 
earth or stone. 2. an altar. 3. 
an office. ws^S" a post-of- 
fice. ija^a an embankment 
round the tulasi plant. 3oo 
^rf a custom-house. ri^ca 
to suffer loss, be ruined. 





kattevu, s. A flea. 


a serious 
a hard 

kattonuni, s 1 . rg#. (<?/" 
To bind for oneself. 2. 
to supply oneself, sroz! to 
commit sin. 

38, 38, katle, katle, ^ *^- 
3Se>0 kathari, s. A dagger. 
3rs kathina, adj. Hard, harsh, 
severe, difficult. 333rea a 
cruel man. ^3 a severe 
expression. &S?A 
disease. _3c^coo 

3&fldkathora, adj. Severe, hor- 

kaduricilu, see *&. 
, 3zz s ozoao kadijtiji, ka- 
dunjeyi, sec XcS^. 
G^oZwj kadumbUj s. A kind of 

023*3 kadumbele, s. A miser, 

kadijta, s. A cut, incision. 
2oc^e SS^JSAO ^tS he cut it at 


one stroke. 2. ^r.^ 
7,^33 kadutale, ^.' 
kadud^, ^<? ^5 
kadupuni, ^-2 

kadijima, ^ 

kadume, ^. Pride, vanity. 
2. ostentation, vaunting. 

;, =- ^37)53 kadusale, kady.- 
sale, s. A devil-dancer's 
sword . 

5^ kad^istana, ^^^ XSco3#. 
^ kada, ^. A loan, debt. & 
-to lend, -^s to borrow. 

,^. Grinding. *^ 
a grinding stone. *cs2 a 
grinding pestle, 
oeo^kadambalv, s. The space 
behind the hearth. 
ozos? kadambale, ^. A kind of 
poisonous snake; also B'tS^otS. 
tffcf. kadakattu, ^. Monetary 
transactions, lending and bor- 

kadakda, see X3Xrf. 
kadaga, ^. A bracelet, 
kadata, ^. A cloth covered 
with a composition of char- 
coal and gum, and used in- 
stead of a slate for writing. 
2. the skin. 

kadadu, see 35^. 
Srf kadapa, s. Distance. 2. 
about half a mile. 
SOD^ kadapavuni, c.v. (of 3 
tf^s) To cause to pass. 2. 
to help one to ford a river, 
kadapu, s. A ferry. #$, 
a stone placed across a stream 
for crossing over. croo5o a 

kadapu, .y. A rheumatism 
of the joints. 

kadapuduni, c. r r . (<?/" * 
To despatch, forward, 
send away, dismiss, ^r^ti^ 
^Lrsi to accompany one for 
a short distance out of civil- 
ity ; to follow the remains of 
deceased relatives to their 
last resting place. 




kadapuni (^), v. a. To 
cross, ford, pass. z. n. To 
elapse. 2. to surpass. 
& kadapelu, s. That which 
can be crossed over. 
sJo d kadapyade, see ^4- 
kadama, -y. A stag, elk. 
kadame, .?. Deficiency, de- 
fect. 2. remnant. #af/. Less, 
deficient ; remaining. 5 ? ^ r 
difference, about. ?& to 
become less, be diminished. 
^js^a to lessen, reduce; to 

kadayi, s. A boiler of 

kadara, .?. The companions 
of a bride, bridesmaids. ^ 
yo.$ to choose a bridesmaid. 

ro$ a bridesmaid. rf 3oQ 
octe:2 a gift of four rupees to a 

kadaruni (^^), ^. n. To 
croak; to caw. 
3* kadalu, j 1 . The sea, ocean. 
3^, 3i3 the sea-gull. c^> 
ei303j the bone of a cuttle- 
fish. or? the foaming surges 
of the sea. ^03? a sea-hog, 
dolphin. aro3 a kind of fish. 

^>a a sea-snake. ajsoi a 

aridinum. cSsJ the ground- 
nut, Arachis hypogacB. 

kadavu, ^. A turning-lathe. 
2. a wooden shoe. 3. a silver 
anklet. -533^0^ to turn in a 

lathe; to wear anklets, or 
wooden shoes. 
drj* kadasu, see X<3r3. 
SD^S kadakadi, adj. Resolute, 
decided, strict, exact. 
c3s>c&o kadayi, see 
EDS kadara, s 
css)^) kadivu, 
& kadi, ^. An opening, pas- 
sage. 2. a small fragment, 
bit. 3. a small passage. ^ 
w^$ to block up an opening. 
& kadi, s. Broken rice; adj. 

kadita, see *S^. 

kadicilu, see ^^>- 
kadime, see 
kadiya, ^ 
oJoj^kadiyuni (^^), ^'. . To be 
cut in two. 2. to break down. 

3. to give way, as a dam. 

4. to dissolve, as friendship. 

^^Cs^kadiru, kadiratana, 
see #a?5. 

^rs kadivana, s. The bridle 
of a horse. 

0* kadiru, adj. First-born. 
&3 primogeniture. crooSo 
the first-born son. 

kadiru, s. The plant Sida 
ret us a. 

kadu, s. Pungency; seve- 
rity. 2. excess; extremity. 
adj. Pungent. 2. extreme, ex- 
cessive. 3. severe. ^s/sjs, 
3j3T$o5> to poison the fish. 
5 excessive trouble. 33 




very bitter. &aez5 excessive 
passion or anger. aVK a 
very liberal man. 333^ a 
great sinner. 3>3 excessive 

^^oczocf kadumbaru, s. Drowsi- 
ness, dreaminess. 
to talk in sleep; cf. 

=3^0023 kadumbe, .s 

or;, =3^033) kadupa, kadupu, 

kadubu, ^. A kind of 

Jdooel). kadumuttu, . The 
extreme point. 2. severity, 
sharpness, adj. Extreme. 2. 
severe. a t3ef3 travail. 
^jS3e>(&) kaduvayi, s. A kind of 

kaduve, J. A hero. 2. a 
courageous man. 3. a clever 

kadustana, see *^3- 
kade, s. Verge, edge, margin. 

2. end, extremity or point. 

3. place, side, direction, adj. 
Last, final, ultimate. 2. low, 
mean, -saosj the fruit of the 
last crop, -rreo (lit. last time), 
end, death; evil; distress. 
^jsatrooS without head or 
tail; forlorn or destitute; stu- 
pid, absurd, senseless. 3 
oJj a retainer, adherent. t^ 
the last day; the day of judg- 
ment. -tfd;$j9$ a low, mean, 
<3r stupid man. ;3jseU a 
side-glance, leer. arooso the 

corners of lips. tf.??ror dis- 
qualification. ?3c5 the hip, 
waist, t\y/>. of cattle. 3j&&>d 
to come to an end. ^jsSba to 
witness the end <?r destruction 
of anything. &a?a^>3i$ to 
threaten with evil. eoj3-dos 
to avoid, escape; to recover; 
to get through a task. --? 
tfos> to pare tfr lop the top. 
-rfj^S) to conclude, bring to 
an end. ^ijs'dos (a woman) 
to commit adultery, obsc. 
doowo^, 4Bo:&>$ to come to 
a conclusion or decision, 
to finish, terminate, 
finally, at last. &$& a? 
& to keep aside. tf^S ^o^ 
$ to gather together in one 
place. '$'$& ?tfo& to be an 
adherent of. tf^t&r ulti- 
mately, finally, at the end. 
tf^e the very last, final. & 
that side. ^? this side. w& 
osorf- inside. L^osorf- outside. 
icZaJ^ kadencuni (trfodTj^ . a. 
To knead. 

kadekannu, s. The outer 
corner ^r angle of the eye. 
2. a side-glance, leer. 
3jsLa to look askance; not to 
be well disposed. 
^kj, kadekatty, s. The settle- 
ment of a dispute. 2. a double 
cross-beam. 3. a wooden 
square in front of an upper 
story, supported on posts, 
kadekary, s. The heel. 




^drtaa kadeguri, s. A pit used by 
the rope-pullers when work- 
ing a country water-lift. 

> kadeccuni, see mSo^os. 

kadepini ( 5 ^), v. a. To 
bite, champ, gnaw, grind. 
53030 to chew the cud. 3\2 
to gnash the teeth. TBfrS&tfdT 
a grinding stone. 
zizos, ^^ws^, kadeballu, kade- 
ballu, J. The ropes with which 
a water-lift is worked. 
doJoo^i, ^cls^)^ kadeyuni, kade- 
vuni (&&)) V' a. To stir up, 
turn. 2. see 
kadesa, ^. Delay. 

kadesavuni, . ^. (<?/"* 
To delay, detain, stop. 
kadesuni (^53), ^. . To 
be late, to delay, tarry, linger. 
d\ kadei, see ^oso. 
^ kadga, ^. A sword. 
Q> & kadcilu, s. A turning 


lathe. sjstSo?) to turn in a 
lathe. crooSo a turner. 

kaddi. ^. The fibre or vein 
a * 
of a leaf. 2. a very small 

stick. esd!?, 

d P kaddya, ^. A pitcher, water- 

d o?3 kaddyana, s. A bridle, 

reins, bit. 
^sSwsJoaj kadtalebayi, j. A 

quarrelsome person. 
g^o* kadtelu, j. That which is 


^0 kadtelu, s. A prattling 

kaddu, s. Severity, rigour, 
harshness. 2. the strength of 
wine etc.; also 7\sQ3. adj. 
Severe, harsh. 2. strong. 
3jD;fd a harsh word. e?L 
to be severe, strong. fc 
^s to make strong. 

kddata, .s. Cutting. 2. 

kadpatti, s. A bill-hook. 

kadpu, adj. Excessive, be- 

yond limit, etc. 9<3 o an 
J di) 

oversweet confection. sroi^ 
a very harsh word. ^oAs5 
gold containing a larger pro- 
portion of alloy than usual; 
cf. ^3o. 

^ kadpuni (*S), ^. . To cut; 
to fell down, ^rf,^^ a stone 


cut from a quarry. 
, kadma, J^ *z&rfo. 


l, ^d, kadle, kadle, see tt. 

co' V 

kana, J. A square piece. 
the piece of cloth from 
which a female's bodice is 

s kana, see ^3- 

a kana, w. a. (imperat. of ^o 
tSfcs) Bring. 

kanambaruni, j^ ^o 

kanaku, ^. Fuel, firewood. 
kanaja, J. A granary, barn. 
d kanapade, ^. A kind of 




. having poisonous milky 

kanapane, s. A stupid 

sSjCokanaparu, s. A jaw-tooth, 

s^oSj kanapalayi, ^. A plank 
for the driver to stand upon 
in buffalo race. 
so,^ kanapini, see Aso^Ls. 

kanape, adj. Bitter, astrin- 

kanale, sec re3. 
kani, s. A ditch, trench. 

ss^ kanipuni (^), t'. . To 
he hardened by burning, as 
an earthen vessel. 2. to be 
afflicted. ^3c3_ to be depres- 
sed, dispirited; the heart to 
be hardened. 

3o kanime, s. A defile or pass 
between two mountains. 

kaniye, s. An astrologer. 

kanile, s. A tender bamboo. 

{% kane, s. A slender bamboo 

fl kane, ^. A blight incidental 

to rice crops. =#osjg_ a blight- 

ed ear of corn. 
P! kane, ^. The quill of a por- 

cupine. 3o33 a porcupine. 
kaneag-u, kanengi, 

kanepuni C^f?), r-. n. To 
have an acrid or astringent 
taste. 2. to rot. 

kaneparu, s-:e 
kanepe, j^ Sr^. 
kaneyuni, see 
kaneru, s. Astringeucy. 
kanelu, s. The thick end 
of grass or straw. 2. a small 
branch of a tree. 
kanevuni, see 
kanopini, see 
kannu, J 
ra ^ej"'. kannakattu, 

re d 

kannaniru, see 3~ 

tcr ^c^F. 


kannoji, J^<? ^o^e3. 
! kate, ^^ *^- 

^ katta, ^. The coir or fibres 
of the cocoanut, used to make 
ropes with. 
kattari, see ^s. 

kattalyuni (^^), . w. To set, 

as the sun; to get dark. 2. 

to droop, as one's spirits. 
^53 kattale, s. Darkness. 55, 

^^ pitch dark. 3o- the 


^4 kattavu, ^ *,. 
^V* kattalu, s. Cash, ready 

money, :'/,;'. 

$ katti, J. A knife; also 3^. 
^ katte, J. An ass. 2. a silly 

creature. tfodr a hayena. 
i a katteri, ^. Scissors, sh 


2. an betel-nut cracker. 3, a 

^i katte 



.tf.To shear, 

cut with scissors. 

A composition of chunam 
and other ingredients used 
for flooring. 

, =5^ kathe, kathana, s. A 
story, narrative, narration, 
history. 2. a fable, tale. intj. 
Ah! nre^_ wonderful! tfqz 
zi^oX narration of a story. 
^qre-drf a delightful or pleasant 
story. ^i-re^oXj^o a collection 
of stories ; a compendium 
of history. 
3 6 o32 kadumpe, s^ ^ricsS. 

kadukulu, J. A vital 
part of the body, as the heart. 
2. the side. [t a ff. 

kadijru, s. A spindle, dis- 
kadampe, s. The decayed 
part of timber. 2. a chip. 

kadamsara, s. A per- 
fumed braid made of the 
"kedagi" flower. 

kadana, s. War, battle. 
kadane, s. A swivel-gun. 
a^fc to fire a swivel-gun. 
^ddo kadaru, kadaru, J^ 

kadaluni, j^ ^d^js*. 
kadale, J. A rag. adj. Rag- 
ged, tattered. 

kadike, s. The Huriallec, 
grass, Cynodon Dactylon. 2. 
the name of a village. 

kadike, s. A granary. 2. a 
depository for the receipt of 

kadine, see ^^cS. 
kadipu, J^ 3 e -^- 
kadipuni, see tf^s. 
kadime, see *a?3o. 

kadiya, ^t'. Strongly, 
well. 3ioyos> to squeeze well. 
0* kadiru, ^. An ear of corn. 
2. see tfSS. 

kadlma, a^'. Of long 
standing, veteran, experi- 

kadime, s. A veteran, an 
experienced man, a servant 
of long standing. 
kadu, s. Grit. 
kadupu, see 5rf^. 

S kade, .?. Catamanial dis- 

cScdoo?), 36^)$ kade- 
puni, kadeyuni, kadevuni (tf#), 
z. . & . To disjoin. 2. to 
pull out, strip off". 
^ kadelu, adj. Loose. 

kadeluni (*d), ?-.. To 
become loose, slack. 2. to 
shatter, tatter. 

Sjs kadoli, s. A species of 
plantain, Musa sapient um. 

kadpu, J. Stealing, theft. 

kadpu, s. An ear of ripened 
corn. rfoAos an ear of corn 
to bend from its weight. 
3 5 , kadru, s 

.?. kadro 



- J j kadrolu, s. A kind of 


edible grass. 

T& kaaa, s. A dream. & T*3 
a vision ; chimera, fancy. 3o 
Z%> (I if. dream and mind); 
sleep or wakefulness, used 
negatively ^wo^s, c. dat. 

^ to dream. kanambaruni, 

3?te kanaka, .s. Gold, 

showing honour #r devotion 
by pouring gold coins on 
the head. sparer gold dust. 

=5^33 kanape, ^ *r3. 

3>^3 kanikara, J. Pity, compas- 

sion. rfotfo^a to pity, have 

=3^^ a, =aojoo> kanipuni, kani- 

yuni, see tfrS^s. 
^sjojso kanimuri, ^. The smell 

of smoke. 
^-0 kanile, j^ tfrfeS. 

T^^^ kanishta, <//. Small, little. 
2. young. 3. base, inferior, 
low. i$o lowest. ^SM, a 


^fi kane, see 3 A. 

4 kanepavuni, c. i\ (of *$ 
-) To afflict, cause trouble. 
2. to harden, as the heart. 

, kanepuni (*c3), f. . To 
be afflicted, troubled. 2- to 
be hardened j 

kannada, sec 
kannadi, see 

. kanevuni (^w), r 1 . . The 
skin to be discolored by a blow. 
kanna, see * 


& kanya, s. A virgin, young 
girl; also ^^, tfs^, tfjSo^so 
PW- 2. the sign Virgo in 
the zodiac; the sixth solar 
month. s virginity. ri 
e5^i an offering to the dead. 

3 ^oso the first crop. 3 
~2S5 a kind of grass. ^ 
do, d?5 the country sarsa- 
parilla, Hemidesmus indicus. 
^cTOocBrf giving a girl in mar- 

kapa, see 3^. 
sisj kapata, ^. Fraud, deceit; 
hypocrisy. 7^:3, croc3o, _^ o) 
^65 a hypocrite, dissembler. 

3?M the guise of hypocrisy. 
3j^ kapade, ^. A gluttonous 

woman. 2. cloth. 
sisj, =5S5Do kapala, kapala, s. 

The scull. 2. the temples. 
kapatu, s. An almirah. 
kapayi, J. A greedy 

woman. 2. middling, as liquor. 
& kapi, s. A monkey, ape. 

_?;5 a monkey's trick; teas- 

ing. ^UJj^ to mimic, ape. 
olj kapi, s. A pulley. 

kapila, s. A tawny colour. 
<7c//. Tawny. 3oos, tfL5 the 
founder of the Sankhya philo- 

kapura, see 3&rt. ,. 

kappa, ^. Tribute, an offer- 




EjjOui kappanda, s. A sling. ff^ 
a sling stone- 

z^d, 3^8,, T^cikappada, kap- 
padi, kappade, s. A dirty, 
tattered cloth. 
cS kappade, s. A snipe ; cf. 


rt kappade, #<//. Dirty, - 

sj o* kapparu, s. A portion of 


a large earthen pot, potsherd. 
3^3) a flat kind of cake, or 

^^ a kind of bread, baked 
in such a potsherd. 

si o* kapparu, adv. On the face. 

eojstfos to fall on the face. 
31 o^o^kapparijsuttu, s. Gal- 

vanised iron, zinc. 
t> dob* kapparantu, s. A fabu- 

lous beast. 2. a glutton. 3. a 

rake, debauchee. 
sj dofeS kapparante, s. A tad- 

0* kappalu, J. A ship. -^e& 

a game cock. 8erfrf?> a kind 

of cumin seed, Nigdla sativa. 

aoss^^i?), ado?) to 'go on 

board a ship. 

kappu, ^. Blackness, dark- 


ness. adj. Black, dark. ^e 
s? a dark <?r dejected face. 

srocios to conjure <?r divine by 
putting a black application 
on the palm ; cf. ^B. 

J5<S*2&, ^^j Jj3vA3 kapputo- 

- -jj 

laci, kapputolasi, s. A kind 
of mint shrub, 'Holy basil,' 
Ocimum sanctum. 

kappuni (^^), "' a. To eat 
3 kappe, A frog. -3o?v large 


eyes. 33*j , 3i?> a green 
frog, ^o^, tfjseX a disease 
of cattle, dogs, ^. 


kapha, ^. Phlegm, 
phlegm to accumulate in the 
throat. e>^^ to expectorate, 
kabuca, s. A short jacket. 

o kaba, ^. The space between 
the fingers; cf. #& $} a 
bifurcated branch. 

kabandha, ^. A headless 
trunk. 2. water. 

;> kabandhe, s. The name 
of a giant. 2. a short-necked 
man. 3. the moon's ascend- 
ing node. 

kabakei, see under 3&. 

oU kabata, see 3*u. ^aois a 
dissembling woman. 
vC3 6 'c5s)D s kabadudaru, intj. Be 
careful! ^wStroa^ care, cau- 
tion ; control. 

os* kabatu, ^. Drill, military 

kabaru, j. A forked or 
lateral branch. 2. a forked 
stick. 3. a report. 4. news. 
adj. Forked. crooS?roo3o a 
heedless or negligent man. 

kabari, s. Tufted hair of 




kabatu, see ^sreO. 

kabiduni (*835), r. . To 
strain, as the gruel of boil- 
ed rice. 

;:^oo^ kabiyuni (*83),r. a. To 
besiege, surround, overwhelm. 
2. to overspread, as clouds; 
also Seoooa. 

zaetfns)??, T#J2?d kablrudase, 
kabire, ^. A celebrated Hindu 
saint, once a Mussulman, 
aooo*, tftijsa*, tfuJS kabulu, 
kabulu, kabiili, s. Agreement, 

20je3 kabule, 0^/". Tawny, of a 
yellowish dark colour. ??;> 
to get ripe, as the gingely oil- 
seed, s. A tawny coloured 

z5 kabe, s. A forked stick, adj. 
Cloven, forked. ^ the cleft 
between the thumb and the 
forefinger. =eee;o a post 
forked at the top. Xo& a 
kind of fork-shaped grass. 

kabettu, adj. Tawny, of 
a yellowish colour, 
e^kabetti, s. A tawny colour- 
ed cow. 
kabca, see 3d. 


t3>, ^o kabbe, kabya, ^V: 1 . 
Topsyturvy, upside-down. 
_ 33t$os> to overturn. aijsdos) 
to capsize, upset. 
djo kamala, J. The lotus, 
Nymphea ndiunba. 

f kamasu, see A^OJ- 
=3* n;:?^ kamasu, There is none, r/^. 

^iS kamastare, s. A sea- 
custom superintendent. 
33^, ^^^)Fi- kamany, kama- 
nu, s. An arch, vault. 
iraoSo kamayi,^. Gain, income. 

)^!] kamiti, s. A committee, 
kamma. ^ 

^u kammi, 

ammena, kamyana, 
. Smell, odour, scent, fra- 
grance, savour. 

kaya, J. Depth, as of water 
etc. 2. swamp, adj. Deep ; 

^ kayappa, ^A'. Entirely, 
wholly, all over. 2. well. 
7^$ to plough well. ^20^ 
to anoint or besmear the whole 
body. &8t35$s> to mix. 
=5^30 kayame, J. A kind of 

rice ; cf. &?&. 
=5*03.0'" kayalu, sec 
kayipu, see 
^t kayipe, see 
kayilu, J^ 
jd kayile, 

o kara, J. An earthen vessel. 
eo=o5i- the stomach. ^5" 
cooking utensils. 
d kara, s. Pollution from death. 
d kara, s. The hand. 2. the 
trunk of an elephant. 3. a 
spark, ray of light, as a 
the sun. 




karantuni, see 

lu, see- 

karampe, s. A wound. 2. 
see tftt. 

karampelu, #<//. Perfo- 
rated, bored; having notches. 
s. The scar of a wound. 
karambu, see ^osoor. 
karambuni (3tfo), 77. a. 
To prune, cut off, as super- 
fluous branches of a tree; to 
clear away, as bush, etc.\ cf. 

karambelu, J. A kind 
of coppice. 
^ karaka, .?#? =5^. 

^u karakara, s. The noise 
made in chewing, sawing, or 

2, ^d^d karakari, karakare, 
5. Annoyance, trouble. 2. 
grief, sorrow, distress. 
karagasu, j^ A7\Drf3. 

karagavuni, c. ^. (<?/" 
To melt, liquefy. 2. 
to affect the mind, make a 
person's heart melt. 3. to 
afflict, cause sorrow. 

rta^ karaguni, r. n. To melt, 
dissolve, liquefy. 2. to be- 
come thin or lean; to waste. 
3. to become affected, soften- 
ed ; to relent, melt with pity ; 
also ^KS^e^S. 

c2^e)o5j karajikayi, s. A kind 
of fruit-shaped cake. 

karadu, s. Wastage, loss, 
wear. adj. Rough, coarse ; 
worn out. 53X33 waste paper. 
5^6 a rough copy. e?!b$ 
to be worn out. k ! 0v$ to 
waste, spoil. 

karadi, s. A bear. 3ooso 
a hairy man. 

karadige, ^. A small box, 

karadu, ^^ ^S. 

karana, ^. An organ of 
sense. 2. cause, instrument 
or means of action. ^o&> the 
three means of action, name- 
ly, j&ci^esjawkafc the mind, 
speech and body. 

dr^'s karaaike, kara- 
nike, see ^rfr^. 

, karatala, J. Cadjan. 2. 
a mode of beating time with 
the hands ; also ^^^, ^ss"?. 
j3 cadjan leaf. 

karapunij "'. ^. To repulse, 
drive. 2. to urge. 3. to clear, 
remove. 4. to digest. 5. to 
waste. 6. to cause abortion; 

Cf. ^7\3^)o). 

sS karape, ^. A notch or in- 

karapelu, s. A trouble- 
some or mischievous woman, 
karapele, s. A trouble- 
some or mischievous man. 

karaya, J^ 

karale, ^. A swelling, 
karavi, J. A mould. 

u kara 



karavuni (^3), T. n. To 
be dissolved, melted. 2. to 
be digested. 3. to miscarry. 
j;3 karave, s. Phlegm. ^js? 
pulmonary phthisis, 
karalu, J#? ^^ 
karale, see. 3de3. 

karadi, s. A class of Mah- 
ratta Brahmins. 

karanike, see 3(4-3. 
karabu, adj. Filthy, dirty, 
unclean, bad. 

3s>do3 6 , 'CTQD^O^, karamatu, 
karamati, s. A miracle, won- 
der. 2. the power of doing 
wonders, etc. 

karaya, s. Phlegm. 

^DDdo kararu, kararu, s. 
An agreement, contract. ^k 
^s> to make a contract. 

karavali, s. The sea- 
coast, coastline. 

karavuni, see ^34$- 

karalu, adj. Frightful, 
terrible. 3j8?s3 a frightful 

D kari, s. Chimney soot. 2. 
charcoal, or any thing burnt, 
as the fibrous covering of a 
cocoanut, straw etc. adj. see 

S kari, s. An elephant. 
kari, s. A bar with which a 
door etc. is fastened. 2. a 
pole fastened to a load, by 
which it is carried on the 

kari, s. Castration. 
to castrate. 

karinku, s. Sediment. 
karincuni, .?#? ^orfors). 

karijlrige, ^. Black 
cummin seed, Nigella satira. 

^Skarinelli, s. Country goose- 

karipuni (^&), c 1 . a. To 
deduct, subtract. 2. to spend. 
3. to remove. 

s2, ^DsSo* karipe, karipelyi, J. 
That which is deducted; 

S^lJ kariblti, s. The real 

^4, ^30ojs2?4 karibevu, 
kariyabavu, s. Bergera koe- 
nigii, called the curry-leaf 
tree, the leaves of which are 
used for seasoning. 

karimara, s. Blackwood. 
kariya, adj. Black. 
j kariya, s. A ferry. 

kariyadu, s. A black 
ciod kariyade, s, A black man. 

oJo^-a, kariyanekki, j. The 


three leaved chaste tree, ; 
trifolia. 2. the plant Gi 
russa vulgaris. 
oJodors kariyamani, s. Black 

o&doj:^ kariyamudyala, ^. 
An aromatic plant. Andro- 




pogon Jwarancusa, with 
fragrant roots. 

o3oo> kariyuni (*6), 7'. . To 
elapse, expire, pass as time. 
aux. i'. To be able, or pos- 
sible. 5>o3ocD TjoXS an un- 
avoidable business. ^&S ^s?b 
s to die; to drop down; to be 
over. ^>c^ $e^3 ^ScdocS I 
must go by all means. 

^a karldi, s. Price, value. 
-rfotfo^ to settle the price; 
to purchase. 

karu, J. Vulture. 2. j^ Xrb. 
karumbuni, see 
o^ karukumbuda, 

karukuru, s. The noise 
made in chewing any brittle 

otfj^oUokarugontu, s - Boiled 
and dried areca-nut. 

karuna, s. Mercy, pity, 
kindness. ^otfo^a to show 

karupu, see v^r. 

karubuni, see ^-dXo^. 
karulu, see tf&r. 
kare, ^^ syS. 

kare, 5-. The seashore, coast- 
line. 2. the bank of a river. 

3. land, as opposed to water. 

4. border, edge. 5. the co- 
loured border of a cloth. 
r^ land-wind. ^sa by 
land. -3jrfo, 4ia=^5> to 

touch 0r reach the land; see 

. jtlj?> to sail near 
the shore. ^uo^s to fasten a 


selvage; the horizon to be- 
come cloudy. 30^ to sail 
towards the land, -a^-doa to 
escape to the shore ; to escape 
from danger; to recover from 

: 5 ! 8 kare, s. The pole to which 
a bucket is attached in a 
country water-lift. 

^6 kare, s. A parish, a social 
0r caste jurisdictional divi- 

karempe, see 

karepini see 

karepuni (^3), #. . To 

make a notch or incision. 
6s3oa karemedi, s. The sides 

of a border in a rice-field. 
doooj^j, ^os^ kareyuni, kare- 

vuni (^), v, n. To crow. 
karelu, s. The mark left 

on the skin by wearing any 

thing tightly. 
$v^ kareluni (^), v. a. To 

leave a mark on the skin, as 

by dressing tightly etc. 

karolu, see 
^j karolu, //. ?/^. 
s r karky, s. A very tender 
cocoanut 2. its tender shell. 
*F^)S? karkupuli, s. Garcina 

F karka, adv. At once; sud- 
denly. 2. sharply, violently. 

_ to bite sharply ec 
to grow or ripen fast. 




karkata, s. A crab. 2. the 
Cancer in the zodiac. ^Fl? 
a female crab. 

=5^:1^0:^0. karkademullu, s. A 
kind of thorn. 


k ark are, 

! O : ; FO, ^^F^J karkasa, karkasa, 
rtc-//. Violent, harsh, unkind. 
2. cruel, hard. 3. intangi- 
ble. 4. miserly. 3^ cruelty; 
hardness; unkindness; in- 
tangibility ; avarice, niggard- 
liness, ttrb a violent or 
wicked woman. ^r a vio- 
lent or wicked man. 

karkataka, see tftfry. 

Za karkumbuda, s. A 
pumpkin. 2. an ash-gourd. 

rtro^vs^, 'arfFs^ karganda- 
kattale, karkattale, see troXr^d 
kargayi, J^ XXroso. 
kargavuni, see ^T^. 

kargi, kargudi, ^. 
A very black woman. 
^rfoFdi kargude, s. A very black 

~--'il kargota, s. Hardness. 
2. hard-heartednes-^. adj. 
Hard, hard-hearted. 
^^JSerS3rt kargotige, ^. A hard- 
hearted man. 

karci, s. Expenditure, 
expenses. r ^- household 
expenses. szXo^, jj^^, 
_ w^orj to cost. ^Jo^Ok^ to 

karcilu, ^^ ^it^- 
karjati, ^. A black spe- 
cies. 2. the class of pariahs. 
karjali, s. The tree Z>#- 
indica, Phloinis indica. 
karjura, see X^tf. 


^^.^ kardu, kardu, ^^ 

karna, see 

D karnakutta, adj. Head- 
long, topsy-turvy, s. A sum- 

karnataka, see ^cjitS. 
karnatige, Jtv ^c-t?. 

karnike, ^. The sheraste- 
dar, chief ministerial officer 
of a collector. 2. a secretary. 
f r karne, ^. A half-brother of 
the Pandu princes. 2. a hard 
man. -&r the story of 
Kama's exploits as given in 
the Mahabharata. 

SJ^ kartupattuni (^^ 
* ) ),"r i . . To set-off. 2. to 
deduct. 3. to exclude. 4. to 
give up hope. 

FS3i,c3JS?rt kartariprayoga, J. 

Active voice, gram. 

kartave, s. An agent, 
maker. 2. God, lord. 3. a 
master, owner. 4. an author; 

cf. **#' 

)Fart ^^OF^r^, kartadige, 
kartuttige, s. Ownership, pro- 
prietorship. 2. dominion, 

F kartru, s. The nominative 
of a verb, grain. 2. sec 




kartodige, see 
kardu, adj. Black. 
black and white. 2. see 

karna, ^. The ear. 
an ear-ring worn by a woman. 
F karna, s. A black paste 
composed of dross of iron, 
kernel of wild liquorice and 
boiled rice, applied on the 
right side leather of a finger- 

karnaparva, see 3&r. 
karnalu, see X?^>F<5. 
sea ^tfr^. 

F^S?* karnirelu, s. A dark 

karpu, s. A pit, hole, ditch. 
2. a pit for catching wild 

ij karpura, karpura, 
s. Camphor. 2. the thick 
leaved lavender. eojstfo Z^- 
endula carnosa. tt crude 

karpelu, karpelu, 
see ^'dsSa'o. 

karba, -y. Iron. ri XTOCJ 
an iron link. 

karbasu, karba- 
su, J. An ox of superior breed 
from the up-country. ^ 
a ghaut cow. 

ooFe3, =^3J3F^ karbule, kar- 
bolle, s. A fowl having white 
plumage with black spots. 

karma, s. An action in 
general. 2. a religious cere- 
mony. 3. the objective case, 

gram. 4. fate; misfortune. 
5. sin, transgression. XS 
the condition induced by one's 
deeds. ^^orrf^joS^eA the pas- 
sive voice, gram. de^M 
transgression. $v the fruit 
of human actions, 

funeral rites, 
a performer of funeral 
rites. ^0" ^aorrf,. a sinner. 

, ,. 


o the organ of ac- 
tion, as the hand, foot, etc. 
oFfl karmane, see 
under ^>5. 

karmara, J 

karjnar\i, ^. A superior 
kind of firewood, Vaiica lacci- 

karmug-alu, see w5 
under ^>5'- 

karmuda, see ^oroeoorf. 
karmuli, s. Thatched 
grass taken from a roof. 
karya ? s. A ferry. 
, ^odoFd karyada, karyade, 
s. The liver, as of a fowl. 
karyuni, see ^5orfoooi. 

karlu, J 1 . The bowels. 
2. the liver. 

F^ karlukappade, s. The 
intestines, entrails. 

F karle, see ^^3- 
SDF^)^ karvavuni (^OTF), y.a. 
To burn the clowns of a fowl 
by holding it over the fire. 
j kala, s. A square. 2. a bed 



3 kale 

of flowers, etc. 3. a place 
where pariahs assemble. ^ 
wo^ to make a flowerbed; a 
group of pariahs to sit in a 

kalam, s. A reed-peu. J. 
a paragraph. sroS detailed, 
item by item. 
^SJG^', TSJG^O^ kalaiiku, kalan- 

kuni, see ST^OT?. . 
^33-3^, ^ccre^i kalamtani, 
kalamdani, .$. An inkstand. 2. 
a small box. 

kalambi, ^ *3cs3. 

kalambuni, -'. . To 
quarrel, fight. 
kalaka, ^<? ^<%. 

kalakambula, ^. A 
drenched miry floor. 
v^v kalakala, s. A confused 
noise, hum. 

z>3z> kalakala, adv. Brightly. 
to shine brightly. 
)) kaladavuni, c. v. (of^v 
To mix. 2. to knead. 
kaladuni (^<^S), t-.w. To 
be mixed. 2. to be kneaded. 
^ kalapuni (^<^), f. . To 
mingle. 2. to knead. 
to plough a watered field. 

e^) kalappu, 

/. Mixed. 2. 


r^ kalaberake, 
ture, compound. 

^" kalamu, s. Grafting -3o 
to graft. 

kalamu, kalamu, 

kalame, J. A kind of rice. 
kalayi, see 

. ^sjs! kalasa, kalasa, s. A 
pitcher, 2. a vase, goblet. 3. 
a spire. -^ purification by 
pouring water. -s?bs> to set 
up a spire. 

kalase, s. A grain measure 
equal to ten, twelve, four- 
teen, fifteen, or sixteen seers. 
, s. Quarrel, dispute. 
kalapa, s. A family trial, 
distress, or dispute. 2. an 
ornament, zone. sktfo^s to 
quarrel; to make confusion. 
=5^050 kalayi, s. Tinning. 7^n5 
a person who tins vessels, tin- 
ker. ^js^rs), _ 3j7>t$os> to tin. 
kalavu, sec ^^4- 
kalasi, ^. A sailor, lascar. 
tt* kalasu, s. Conclusion, 
end. 2. consumption, exhaus- 
tion. wL$ to be finished, 
<?r consumed. 3jtfo^ to 
complete; to empty. 
2J3 AJ kalasi, ^^ ^3. 
) kali, ^. Toddy; liquor. 

0, ^QolJ^r! kali, kaliyuga, J. 
The fourth or iron age of the 
world; the age of vice. 

kalike, ^. Dissimulation, 

kale, s. A scar. 2. a mark. 
blemish, stain. 

Rust, verdigris 




kalembi, s. A chest, cof- 
fer. 33$, cro$, ^0003$. 

do) kalembi, s. The hindmost 
sail of a boat. 

^ejdK) kalekarana, s. A bad 

kalepini, kalepuni 
, v. a. To strip off, remove. 
2. to subtract, deduct. 

kalevuni (^<), #. 72. To 
be stripped. 2. to be deducted. 
s^kalka, s. Decoction, infusion 


of any drug. 2. sediment. 

v^d kalkare, s. A place abound- 
ing in latrite stone. 

O, kalki, s. The tenth 0?- last 
incarnation of Vishnu, ex- 

pected to put an end to the 
kali or iron age; also essS 

e>jv&,, ^j,d kalkutti, kalkude, 
.J. The name of a demon. 

eua kalkuni (^^), ^'. . To 
o , N 

cry, as a demon 0r one pos- 

sessed with an evil spirit. 
d kalke, see *<>3. 


6 kalkore, s. A kind of fish. 


) dodjsss*' kalgi rumalu, J. A 
yellow handkerchief with 
black spots. 

kaltamara, s. A wild 
kind of lotus growing on stony 

kalte, s. Morning, the day- 
break: cf. 53cti _d(oion morn- 

* *. > 

ing and evening. 

^B vi* kalteigu, ^'. (/?V. for the 
mouth of toddy). Something 
given as a relish when sip- 
ping toddy. 

exo* kalnaru, s. A medicinal 

^kalpa, s. A period of time. 
2. a sacred work, one of the 
six Vedangas. 3. resolve, 
purpose. 4. artifice, trickery, 

e^od kalpande, see ^& 

vji kalpada, s. A fluid measure 
equal to twelve seers. 
?! kalpane, s. A stone quarry. 

s;.(3 kalpane, ^. Fiction, fable. 


2. invention, fabrication. 3. 
producing, forming. rfo^$ 
to invent, fabricate, contrive ; 
to produce, form; to esta- 

^do^, ^^d^ kalparuksha, 
kalpavruksha, s. The tree of 
Indra's paradise said to yield 
whatever is desired. 

, kalpanta, s. The end of 
the world. 

315 o^d kalpantara, s. Another 
period of time, eternity. 

kalpavuni, c. v. (of 3 

To teach, instruct. 2. to 
instigate; also #8^5t?2jrfr 

^j^i kalpisuni (^^oJ), ^'- . 
To invent, fabricate. 

kalpuni (^^), f. a. To 
learn, study. 

kalpokta, adv. Accord- 

ing to religious directions. 




kalmadi, s. A kind of fish. 
kalmada, s. Bitumen, gran- 
ulated gypsum from Arabia. 
kalmasha, s. Corrosion. 
2. impurity. 3. sin. 4. the 
matter of a sore. 
kalya. see ^DCXJO. 
o co kalyante, see 3s 


73 kalyana, s. Happiness, 
prosperity, good fortune. 2. 

iv r$ kalyani, s. The name of a 
tune. 2. the name of a female. 
^^1 kalrutti, see 

kallu, J. A stone. 

pillar. 53, rf 3& a stone 

embankment or seat. * 


- a mason. ~zmj a stone 
put across a stream to pass 
over. - 3J&SOSJ a slate. -c3 
a stone bridge. -~c a Jaina 
shrine. s23o a kind of bow 
for discharging stones. 'rfo 
-02- a stone trough. 33^$ 
to break stones. ^3o s to 


chip stones. &jS^s> a stone 
to grow hard. -, 3^ stony, 
made of stones. ^<^u play- 
ing with stones. 

4. kallutetti, s. A rotten 

lallubage, s. A kind of 
tree, the wood of which is 
used as timber. 

'lallubare, s. A kind of 
plantain tree. 

\xy^J ; kallumullu, s. (lit. 
stones and thorns). The mill- 
cog. 2. the indented surface 
of a mill-stone. 3. a rugged 

^=0,6 kallusakkare, s. Sugar- 
2j*zdJ3o*3 kallusunti, s. Wild 


ginger, Zingibcr zerumbet. 
v kalla, s. A kind of oyster. 
>!k its shell ; cf. 36 . 

' J OO 

sjo^S kallankalli, s. A kind 

oo ro 

of bag. 
^OT^-I kallangei, s. A kind of 

oo ej 

small fish. 
ci:5, ^^e3 kallante, kallate, j. 

ro co 

The Indian nightshade, Sola- 
tium In.iicuni. 

kallabiru, sec under 

kallayi, ^ ^ ^- 
kallaraga, s. Asphalt, 


^jodr^ kallarpada,^. Small-pox 

fO , 

attacking a person a second 

F kallarpe, s. A kind of 
sieve to remove small stones 
from earth. 

kallale, s. A class of 


pariahs. 2. their headman. 
s'S kalli, s. A bag of net-work, 

CO ' 

made of ropes. 2. a wicker- 
work. 3. the pods of cannabis. 
\.see **,. 
_ kallitti, sec ti^&j 

kallirolu, s. A hard 


grown palmyra fruit. 




kalluppu, .y. Rock-salt, 


the Bombay salt. 

kalluru. s. A kind of fish. 
kalluruna, adj. Imma- 


ture, half-ripe or half deve- 

kalluruti. ^. The name 


of a female Bhuta. 
odj^ kalluruni (^^5), z>. /z. 
A stone to press or hurt the 
sole of the foot in walking. 
kalle, .s. The straw covering 


of a bundle of rice; also 

. kalletti, s. A bag with 


divisions within. 

kallottu. J. A foot-sore 


caused by a stone. 
j3 ^ kallola, s. A large wave 


or billow. 

zt, =asJs kavaca, kavace, s. 
Armour, a coat of mail. 2. a 
jacket, short coat. 
JeS kavate, ^^ w$8. 

ari, =arfcl kavadi, kava- 
dig^e, kavade, ^. A small shell, 
cowrie. ?a^ calculation with 
cowries. ^200^ to play with 

rf kavane, s. A sling. -^ 
a sling-stone. 

kavatu, see ^^. 
jfd kavana, ^. Poetry, verse. 
2. invention, fabrication. ratf 
a poet. ^y^si, 3o#o^ to 
compose verses ; to caricature. 
s^joa to exaggerate, invent. 


kavatu, J. Drill, military 

, ^^1^46 kavi, kavlsvare, s. 
A poet. 

>;i, ^^ kavite, kavitva, j. 
Poetry, a poem, verse. 

, ^^^?d kavundrasa, 
kavudrasa, ^. A cancer on the 

, =5^030 kasaya, kashaya, 
j 1 . A decoction, extract. tk> 
^s to extract, <?r prepare a 

kasi, J. Graft, grafting. ^o 
s^s to graft. 

^o^o^a, ^^o^o^jj kasi- 
pisi, kasukusu, kasukusu, adv. 
In bated breath, in a whisper. 
srogtfos to whisper. 

, ^^ft kasidi, kasibi, s. Em- 
broidery, ornamental needle 

o3J kasyapa, s. The name of 
deified sage. 

s*, kashta, ^. Trouble, hard- 
ship. 2. labour, toil. ^v a 
time of difficulty. ?abs-$ 
to give trouble. 3:f oc!oo$ to 
be afflicted, to suffer. wo 
B^S, T^O^S) to work hard, 
take pains. 

kashtishta, s. Enmity 
and friendship; love and 

S ^K S ^ kasukasuka, s. A sound 
produced when anything is 

7? kasiji 


= -- kala 

'ss^rvst&i kasukayi, 

kasugayi, see tfsfcfcoaj. 
vrtftf kasijru, ^^ ^&. 
37* kasa, '//. Brackish, e/o^rf 

anything over salted. 
3~ kasa, s. Sweepings, ruhhish. 
3>ok? kasantfl, s. Rancidity. 

2. sediment, adj. Rancid. 
3X33 kasakase, s. Poppy seed 

of Papaver somniferum. 
3^3, kasakka, adv. Forcibly, 

hardly; deeply. tfc^os to 

prick forcibly, as a thorn. 

35rf,s> to speak so as to affect 

another's interest, to betray. 
kasaba, kasabe, s. 

The chief station of a district. 

r;:-: kasabisi, see X25&3. 

X^:0 kasabu, s. Profession, 

trade, business. 

7tzd& kasamalii, see ^T^. 

^D^ kasani, s. Remainder. 2. 

profit. 3. sediment. 

2>f\ kasariji, kasarige, s. 

Dross of smelted iron. 2, 

fissure, flaw, holes. 3. a 

particle. tSjav^oa to remove 

the fissures of any metallic 


^^: kasakasi, 5-. Haggling. 
kasabisi, see ^2>L5. 
kasaya, see 

it, kasayi, kasayigare, kasayi- 
daye, J. A butcher. 
kasi, see *8. [s3ea 

kasldi, kasudi, tt? 

^?3 kase, ^. The strings or ties 
of a jacket. ^?ex) a whip. 
^w^^ to fasten the strings 
of a jacket. 

kaskayi, adj. Half ripe. 


kastu, s. Force, pressure. 
adj. Violent, severe. 2. dan- 
gerous. sic^y dangerous 
sickness. 3o#o^a to press, 
force; also ^^ - 
j^3 kasturi, s. Musk. & a 
species of jessamine. -&>o& 
$ Curcuma zedoaria ; cf. e??5 
^o&f. ^X a musk deer. 
^y musk-mallow, Hebicus 

kasmalii, ^". Unclean, 
filthy, loose. t^jS a nasty 

ad^ kahale, J. A bugle, tfre- 
a large bugle. 
*3 kala, ^r ^<y. 

lanku,^. A spot, blemish. 
2. turbidness, muddiness. 
3. mistake. 4. suspicion. Se5 
turbid water. ^^c3 r < a sus- 
picious mind, 's'tfcs^s to 
render turbid, ^tfc^os to be 

s^^^ kalakala, kalapala, 
j 1 . A confused sort of noise 
produced as when wading 
through water, or shaking a 
whole cocoanut. 
kalakala, sec 
kalapuni, see 
kalame, sec 

=5^ kala 



kalavala, s. Anxiety, al- 
arm. 2. anguish, sorrow. 
_??:$ to be anxious, agitated, 
or confused. 

sj kalavu, s. Theft, robbery. 
% kalase, see *' 
kali, see &&. 

oJoo^ kaliyuni, see ^Scdoos. 
o kalu, adj. False, untrue, 
not reliable, s. Fraud ; cheat- 
ing. 2. trick. 3. a lie, false- 
hood. sraid a falsehood. 
3^ perjury, false evidence- 
jjr^cO to tell lies. 

kaluve, see 
kale, see 33. 

OJJO^, =a$^> kaleyuni, kale- 
vuni (^$), v. n. To lapse, pass, 
as. time. 2. to be exhausted, 
spent, as money. 3. to be- 
come loose, as the bauds of 
a box, etc.\ cf. 

^ kalkuni, see 
? kalve, ^. A thief, robber. 


kalla, adj. Deceitful, dis- 
honest, unfair. 2. under, sub- 
ordinate ; additional, s. Dis- 
honesty. 2. stealing ; cf. ^^o. 
^jse3 the swelling gums- in 
teething. 3<y^ an addition- 
al piece of split bamboo. 
rtaS an under roof. 
oil, ^iJoliri kallanti, kallanti- 
ge, s. Dishonesty. 2. false- 

& kalli, J. The milk-hedge, 
Euphorbia ; the prickly-pear, 
Opuntia dillenii. 2. the fruc- 
tification of the hemp plant 
or Cannabis sativa. ^, 
^eS , 8zf , ^oo^ are its 
varieties; cf. ^^. 

kallige, j 1 . A very tender 

kalle, see *^. 

kalle, 5-. A kind of grass. 
2. Jfl? ^^,- 

kakshi, s. Objection or reply 
in argument. 2. wrangling, 
arguing. 3. one party as op- 
posed to another; also TxS. 
^jS an opposite party. 

^00^) kankariyuni, v. n. 
To hawk, force up phlegm 
with a noise; to hem. 

kangu, s. A dark-blue 
cloth worn by lower classes 
of people, or used for bed- 
ding, etc. 

orb^ kanguni (w>of\), v. n. 
To be dejected. 2. to become 

karicana, s. Gold. 2. 
money ; 

sJo kante, kantya, J. 
A large basket. 

^so^ kanda, s. A section, divi- 
sion of a book. 

SJN kandava, kan- 
da vana, s. Indra's garden. 
oC3i)o5j kandayi, s. A kind of 
fish. . 

=5-30 3 kandi 


=0=3 15 kata 

kandilu, . A kind of 
tree; cf. znc$><5. 
cul kande, adv. Early in the 
morning, s. Morning. 

kandeyi, see troorssoso. 
kandelu, s. A kind of 
tree, growing near salt water, 
kantane, s. A pot. 

i, s. Effulgence, splen- 
dour, lustre. 2. beauty, love- 

kante, s. A wife. 2. a 
beloved female. 

kamparu, s. A carcass. 
2. a nasty man (f/^.) c^//. 
Nasty; filthy. 2. pot-bellied, 
kambodi, s. The name 
of a tune. 

kankshe, s. Wish, desire. 


2. passion, appetite. 

kaku, kaku, ^'. 
Bad, corrupt. ^e^F disso- 
lute, vicious. ^?^5 wicked 

kaka, see 3^. 

kakaballi, ^. The creeper 
Negretia gigantea. 

kakaji, J<:^ ^XaS. 
kaki, adj. Black, dark. 
^ kakula, s. Rashness. 

9^&5| kEkesoppu, ^. The me- 
dicinal plant Phylanlhus 
multiflorus', also tftfjJ&itiy 
kagaji, ^. Paper. 2. a 

letter. eozSL^ to write or 
address a letter. ^~ stamp- 

^e)^ kagi, s. A brown colour. 

", ^s^ kacu, kaci, ^. Catechu, 
Acacia catechu. 2. the sedi- 
ment of boiled areca-nut. 
fcS^Q kacikalli, s. A money 
bag of net-work. 
e^^ootood kacikumbuda, s. A 
small species of ash-gourd. 

kaji, s. A Mohammedan 
judge or priest. 

=5)2o kaji, ^. A glass bangle worn 
round the wrist; also eos?. 
^cFs cat-eyed, blue-eyed. 

xTOfciO kaju, s. A brown-coloured 
dog with black stripes. 

=Gd\$ katu, ^//'. Wild, rude. 
254^0 the wild peepul tree, 
Urostigma arnottianuin. ^c 
^a 1 the fruit of the creeper 
Momordica dioica. 5a a 


rough stone. ^oso a wild or 
jungle fruit. 3>3 a bulbous 
root of Dracontium polyphyl- 
lum. ^js??? a bull-bison. 
.y a bottle gourd, Lagoia- 
ria vulgaris. ^?4 wild coc- 
co, Colocasia nymphaefolia. 
cftSrew the tree Turnera 
ulniifolia. if c^ wild green- 
gram, Phaseolus ro sir at us. 
Zs-fcS wild tobacco, Lobelia 
nicotianacfolia. ^^ a wild 
plantain tree. ^o3 a wild 
tree. c5o~do. .sr^ ?js^. 
ueJ^ kata, s. Trouble, annoyance, 
vexation. 2. danger; a/^o 

5i>y^. ?izS K e?w oSoe^ saw the 

cat's play is the death of mice. 



j k-iti 

kata, s. A pyre, pile. ~Xa 
$ to prepare a funeral pile. 
srl katanne, s. A fowler's 
idol, consisting of some white- 
washed stones decorated with 
flowers. K sfctfo^'to make an 
offering to it. 

e>eJ^j>oao k&takayi, s. Mutiny, 
rebellion. 2. pillage, plunder. 
=ge>l3^, 'osUtf katake, 
katike, katige, s. A trouble- 
some fellow. 

^ejkioF katarti, s. The wild fig- 
tree, Bauhinia tomentosa. 
: o3b'd ( $ katale, s. A rude man. 
=05)13 kati, s. A bison. 
=51)1^0* katlru, s. A kind of tree. 
^siJo^i katuni, #2 ^>tl)o$. 
=ge>&3 kate s. A wild untamed 

kateru, see tR>a. 
kadu, ^. A jungle, forest. 
adj. Wild, rude; /". traS. 
^ forest and river-bank. 
^DiS^^o, snathe plant Todda- 
lia aculcata. -&8I wild fire. 


^oS a jungle sheep. ^jao^rJa 
lower class of people speaking 
the Konkani language. &8?8 
a jungle fowl. -3;^S a wild 
class <?? tribe. 3tfsire$ a 
rustic <?r rude man. $e& 
rain-water rushing through 
a jungle and washing down 
all the rubbish in its course. 
^ra^o (lit. a jungle-uncle), 
a tiger. -^\X a wild beast. 

the angular-leaved 
physic-nut, Jatropha curcas. 
kada, adj. Wild, untamed, 
kadakadi, sec ^zst^S. 

kadane, s. A wild ele- 

3^5^ kadikalu, s. A kind of 

sa^JSdf 9 ) kadikorage, s. A man 
of the Koragar caste living 
in jungles. 

d&ft kadige s. A collyrium of 
lamp-black and oil. z.- 
a collyrium box. 

kadulli, s. The Indian 
squill, Scilla Jndica. 

kade, s. A quail, Tetras 

"sdoo ^ kadyuni (5^5), v. a. To 
trouble, torment, importun- 
ate; also 7$T&o$. 

rsr5?j^)^)^ kanusa- 
vuni, kanisavuni (^srfrfs), v. a. 
To show, represent, mention. 
=5)r3^)Qr kanapurli, s. The bird 


=ae)?l) kani, s. The fraction one- 

money offering; a present to 
a superior. ^J3^~s>, a?&$, 
srailiS) to make an offering, 
scl kane, ^. A kind of fish. 
535 long-legged. 
a long legged man. 
kati, *&: S335. 




katonuni, reft. v. (of 
To wait; to expect, 
kadata, s. A fight, war, 

>C3Dt3j> kadaduni 
To fight, 
kadi, see 
kadi, see 

kaduni (^5), v. n. To 
quarrel, fight, wrestle, 
kana, s. A rookery. 

TFe>c3?$ kana, kanana, s. A 
forest, jungle, wood. 

kanapurli, see ^r 

kanunu, .s. Arule,regu- 

kane, J^ ^s5, sro^. 

kapata, ^. The act of 
watching; guard. 
sy)do> kapaduni (ffssroS), v.a. 
To protect, preserve, 
kapi, ^. Coflfee. 

. Protecting 2 .watch- 
ing, tending. 3. brooding; 
hatching. 4. a scarecrow, 
to brood ; to hatch, 
to set up some thing in 
a field or garden, to avert 
the effects of evil eyes ; to set 
up a scarecrow. 

kapuni (w), v. a. To 
watch, guard. 2. to keep, 
preserve, protect. 3. to wait, 
kapele, s. A watchman, 
kappu, .? w>^i. 
kama, s. Desire, wish. 
2. lust, passion. 

kamangayi, s. A 
wild species of green gram, 
Phaseolus ro stratus. 

Ss) kamaka, kama- 
ka, adv. Positively certainly. 

inakasturi,^. Sweet 
Basil, Ocimum Basilicuni. 

a)Q, kamagari, s. Work ; 

kamade, s. A liberal man. 
kamadhenu, s. The 
cow of Indra's paradise, said 
to give whatever is wished. 
jrfjss^^ kamapale, s. A name 
of Balarama,' the elder broth- 
er of Krishna. 

kamali, see ?ro^oe5. 

kamavikara, s. Lust, 
inordinate affection. 
dos^kamate, s. A man of the 
mercantile class. 2. a nig- 
gardly or cunning man. 
sira^orf kamatura, s. Lust, 
inordinate affection, adj. Libi- 

kamari, s. Siva the 
enemy of Cupid. 

$F kamartha, see -sv&^^r. 

kamakshi, s. A goddess. 

kami, ^. A debauchee. 

kamitartha, J. The 
object of desire. 

kamini, s. A pretty 

kamili, see 




kamisuni (^o!3), v. a. 
To covet ; to wish. 
eJrJoo'g 1 kamuka, adj. Lustful, 
libidinous. sssko^ a libidi- 
nous man. 

kame, s. Cupid; 

kameli, s. A kind of 
jaundice, ennrio a dropsical 
kind of jaundice. &, a sali- 
vary kind of jaundice, eo^o 
jaundice with scab. 
)do^ kamya, adj. Desirable, 

3vq$F kamyartha, s. The 
object of desire. 

kaya, s. The body. ^ 
bodily exertion. Xooa the 
heart. 3^ stoutness. ^4^ 
s to commit suiside. - 20 '^ 
s to lay down the body, to 

=ge)cd>o, : a3cdod^ kayam, kayamu, 
s. Permanency, settled state. 
adj. Fixed, confirmed, per- 
manent. 3&X permanent 
employment. ^o^$ to con- 
firm, settle, establish. 
=5 e> o3o do kayame, see 
kayaru, see 

53 ff , =030^0^, kayalu, kaya- 
lu, ^. A folded tender leaf of 
plants or trees. 2. season- 
ing. cqS a tender leaf; /". 

kayale, ^^ 53 020 d 

kayavuni, t. T/. (<?/"^ 
cdoos) To have anything warm- 
ed, burned, boiled. 

kayi, s. An unripe fruit 
of any kind. 2. a cocoanut. 
3. the seed. ssijrf, ^3o^o a 
kind of cake. ^czf vegeta- 
bles and roots; pulse. 324 
vegetables in general. gp^X 
a kind of cake. ^zfLs, _ 
to chew the cud. ^P? 
to over-boil; to get loose. 
, ^s)o5oc3 kayida, kayide, ^r. 
Rule, regulation. 2. custom, 
kayipuni, ^. t'. (of ^ 
To make hot, warm, as 
water. 2. to fry, broil. 
=05050^)^ kayipuni, see $^$. 
=5302023 kayile, ^. Sickness. 

kayilita, a^" Infertile, 
kayuni (trooso), w. . To 
burn, to be hot. 2. to get 
ripe. 3. to be feverish. 4. 
to become angry. 5. to be 
tight, or fast; see ^02055$. 
Aoe3_ a knot to be tight or 
fast, djsoeoo the sun to be 
very hot. $e5_ water to boil. 
eioaS to be very hungry. &> 
oax_ to be feverish or hot. ^ 
fc^ bread to bake. 

kayeru, ^. Strychnia, 
vomica. also ^soso. 
the nux vomica tree. 
ri eoorf?)^ Loranthus lonice- 

3o3oc s s3) ( s ) kayerupuli, ^. A kind 
of sour-leafed tree. 
5>o3jo <f kayelu, s. The state of 
being green or unripe. 2. 
seasoning. &$ to become 



=DO kara 

green or fresh. &al)ra to 

=54)03 J2<i kayode, ^. A kind of 

karu, s. The leg. 2. the 
foot. 2 ^c<55 knuckle. d 
s33> the toe. -3^ going 
or walking on foot. &, 
the ancle, ee4~ the stalk 
of cocco, Arum colocasia. 
-rfo?? a footstool. W)3o$ to 
tread or fix the foot. ^JS&FS 
to run away. 3^dos> to slip 
the foot, lose balance; to be 
reduced in one's circum- 
stances. so^ the thigh, -fc? 
&s> to place the foot. ?3o$ 
to stretch the leg. i^ft to 
prostrate, do obeisance. 

karu, adj. Black, dark. 
_soc8l lightning issuing from 
black clouds. ^>OA> black 
clouds. 53<y ,y ^S^FO. 
sD^JS fS karukune, s. A clerk, 

3?2 karukhari, s. An 
establishment. 2. a work- 
shop. 3. management. 
j'jd karutude, s. The thigh. 

BeJtfsraoS ^0*2^0* ^arubaru, 

karubsru, sec ttttrl. 
rSukara, s. Tasting or smelling 

hot; also ^3. adj. Hot, sharp, 

pungent. 3^ alum. 
=5T)w kara, s. A prison, jail. 
=7^ kara, A tennis r, 'ion affixed 

to a letter, as ^^-^ the letter 

, etc. 

karanga, ^. A cutaneous 
disease which renders the 
skin black. 3^$ to suffer 
from such a disease. 
>doz3 karanji, s. An artificial 
fountain, a kind of siphon; 
an underground channel. 

karanta, sec tfsd^ocy. 

karanda, adv. Excessive- 
ly, exceedingly, very. ^5 
very bitter. 

karande, sec 3-- 

=cfDd^ karaka, ^. An agent. 2. act- 
ing, doing, gram. 3. a tax. 
=<aLrs to pay a tax. 

karakannu, s. The 
ankle. ^oy^s to thump the 
ankle, as a punishment. rfoo 
Uj ^j^rj to dress down to the 
ankles, i.e. completely; to be 

drf^rt karakada, ka- 
ragadaga, s. A kind of anklet. 
karakayi, sec 

karakunta, karakutta, kara- 
gunta, s. A disease of cattle, 
called Epyzootic aphtha\ 
Crto^ karagantu, s. The ankle. 
2. a corn on the toe. &&3 
$ to fracture the ankle. 

karadi, s. A footstep. 2. the 
sole of the foot. 

karana,-y. Reason, purpose, 
motive. 2. cause, as opposed 
to effect. 

drc^ karanika, s. A miracle. 
2. supernatural power, adj. 




Miraculous, supernatural. $ 
a prophet. 

karabaru, see SSSTOFS. 
>3^ karave, s. One belonging 
to the class of the Konkani 
speaking fishermen. 

karaji, J. A low class of 

karadige, see ^raS. 
karavuni, c. v. (of ^>tfo 
To cause to vomit. 
kari, A termination affixed 
to nouns to signify one's 
profession', as, ^>a a beg- 

kari, s. A nest. 2. a black 
bull, ox. adj. Black, dark. 
33 a black cow. ^ a 

_o * 

raven-nest. ^w^s to build 
a nest. 

karuni (^>5), w. a. To 

karuppu, s. A strong <?? 
black sort of salt. 

karubariji, see ^sarorS. 
karuruni, j^ 5s5- 
kare, J^ TTO^, 

kare, ^. A kind of neck-lace 
or collar. l^eSrf a brass col- 
lar worn by pariah women. 
karekayi, s. A dried 

date fruit. rf ^o5 rotten 


0r shrivelled date fruits. rf 
a date tree. 

karolu, ^. A kind of 
wild Cacinia Indica. 

5, karya, see 


karkala, ^. The town 
of Karkal. 
^'ST'sr^ karkala, s. Cloudy or 

rainy weather. 

^ejrir^d kargattale, s. Thick 

karnike, ^6 7 c s'rSr^. 
karti, ^. The third solar 
month. 2. the sign of Gemini 
in the zodiac. rf &os? the 
first crop. ^sjS the worship 
of an idol, consisting of 
waving of lamps in fulfilment 
of a vow. 

kartika, J 1 . The eighth 
lunar month. 

^Fsf, ^IFS* kartelu, kar- 
telu, ^^ ^DjBr. 

^Frro karpanya, J. Trouble, 
vexation; importunity, dun- 
ning. eoo^s to trouble, dun. 
W^FD* karbaru, s. Rule, man- 
agement, superintendence ; 
control. 53S33F-0 a manager, 
SjooFrto* karmugalu, 5 1 . A dark 

karya, ^. Work, busi- 
ness, affair. 2. a ceremony. 
3. cause, motive. 4. effect. 
idF karve, .?#? ^s^5. 
)s; s kalu, J. A quarter, the 
fourth part of a unit. adj. 

kala, s. Time, tense of the 
verb. 2. season. 2rt> $ a 


diviner, seer; an astrologer. 
e3?r) the revolution or circle 




of time. ise^ the vicis- 
situde of the times, evil days ; 
misfortune. satfo^ the right 
man in the right place, a man 
whose life opens a new epoch 
in human affairs. e?ed the 
vicissitude of time; change of 
seasons. 3c$ the conjunc- 
tion of two periods of time, 
as morning, noon, evening. 
_ ^3r, whiliug away time, 
procrastination. ^e^ liveli- 
hood, maintenance. #s?&3, 
_ f r^s to while away the time; 
to procrastinate; to live 
wretchedly. eobrs the end 
to approach, to die. 
kala, adj. Black, dark. 

s. A lever. SJSWON to lift with 
a lever. 

kalagati, ^. The pro- 
gress or condition of time. 
, ^S^C^CJFO kalajiri- 
ge, kalajirdari, s. Black cum- 
min seed, Vernonia anthel- 
ej5j) kalapilli, s. A silver 


ornament worn on the toes. 

kalabheirave, s. One 
of the sons of Siva. 
J^DorS^ kalaminike, s. A kind 
of medicine. 

r^^Doa^ kalarudre, 
kalantake, s. Siva the de- 

kalaharana, J. Whiling 
away time. 

s>^sJ kalakshepa, ^. Passing 
0r whiling away time. 2. 
maintenance, support. 

'oijo^okalantara^. The course 
or lapse of time. 

p kalavadhi, s. The end 
of a year, season or period 
of time. 

kali, see zx>>- 
sQ^JSZooi kali^obbu, s. A kind 
of game. 2. playing for no- 

kalive, ^. A channel for 
irrigation. 2. a canal. 
kale, j 

kale ^. A black man. 2. a 
black dog, etc. 
s3J3^a kalocita, </;'. Oppor- 
tune, well timed; according 
to the times. 

, ^SfcS kavante, kavate, 
s. The tree Zanthoxylon 

kavande, s. A master, 
lord, proprietor, owner. 
>d& kavadi, ^. A split bamboo 
with ropes suspending from 
each end, for carrying bur- 
dens across the shoulders. 

kavalu,^. Guard, custody, 
watch; protection. tra:3o a 
guard, watchman. >?&$ to 
place a guard. 3o^s to 
mount guard. 

kavali, see ^4e3- 
3 kavi, J. Red ochre; 



kavu, s. Heat, warmth. 
2. the rind <?r scraping of 
vegetables, etc. *?;&$ to 
scrape away the skin of vege- 
tables, /. 

kave, adj. Red. '-rf 
the red garb of an ascetic. 
kaveramara, see 

kaveri, s. The river 
Kaveri. 2. a female's name. 
ricg^ca a festival in honor 
of that river held on the 1st 
day of the 7th solar month. 
kavoli, .?. A frying pan. 

s3r, kavya, s. Poetry. 2. a 
poetical work; cf. tftt. -rfjsd 
a garland of poetry, poetical 

kasi, s. Benares. adj. 
White. ^sXsS a white paper. 
?ro^a. _Aorfjs<$, A 
a Benares priest; an 
oppressor. j&<>& the Indian 
corn. zftS^F a strong, white 
cloth. 8p37\etf$> the Ganges 
water; also ~&<>tfr. 

kasiroga, ^. Lunacy. 
kasmlr^, s. The province 
of Cashmere. 2. a superior 
kind of woollen cloth. 
^^ kasyapa, s. A sage of 
that name. 

SDC&J kashayi, s. The red 
garb of an ascetic. 

kasu, s. A cash, an old 
copper coin worth half a 
pie. ^S the fraction of a 

cash. 53^)3^ a destitute <?r 
worthless man. [sion. 

^ kasarike, ^. Selfcoufes- 
kasa, ^'. Own. ^^ 
one's own younger brother. 
)ro kasi, see w2>. 
5-5 ^ori kasige, adj. Private, per- 
sonal, ^so^ private accounts. 
xfSrOSeJS? kasitSli, s. The mar- 
riage badge worn round the 
neck of a woman. 
=5=2)20^ kahala, adj. Black, dark. 
ttr a kind of very poisonous 

kahale, see ^s?. 

kahalorage, see ^> 

kalu, s. A grain, as of rice, 

kala, adj. Black, dark. 
ddo a wild cat. oSjdo a 
black buffalo. ^>^j a very 
dark night. 

kalangu, see sixyoK. 

kalakotte, ^. Ex- 

' ' 

tremely ; very. 1 o3 extreme- 
ly bitter. 

kalaga, ^. War, fight, 

^^Zo^Ori kalajirige, see ttv&-R. 

5e>^5i\ kalamma, ^. A name of 

Kali. 2. a female's name. 

kali, s. Blackness. 2. the 
goddess Kali. 3. a black cow. 
s^orf kalinga, s. A bird. 2. a 
snake. 3. an elephant. ?ro 
/^, _?j^r a black serpent, 
kaliga, .? 




kalitakshi, s. The fifty- 
second year of the Hindu 

>$C3s>ro kalidase, ^. A celebrat- 
ed ancient poet. 

k kaliya, see ss&setf*. 

kalu, s. A black dog. 2. a 
man's name. adj. Black. 
kale, s. Death. [serpent, 
kalorage, 5. A black 

kinkana, -s^ (^0. 

kinkare, s. A man-servant. 
slave. Srctt&tf servitude, 

&^kinkini, adj. Trickish. ^ 
K>^, 3c3g a trick; trickery. 
831 a kind of medicine, see 


&^SJ*' kincanilu, ^. A red 


cl kinde, ^^ ^oz. 

rS&U kinnikitti, j 1 . Sounding, 

as a broken bell. 

kintana, s. Canvas. 2. 
linen. ^ocyo packing cloth. 
kintalu, kintala, s. 
The beam of a pair of scales; 
also slc^^. 

c^S kinnari, J. A lute, fiddle. 
r^>X, 330 the tune of a lute. 

to play upon a lute. 
kinni, adj. Small, little, 
young, s. The young of an 
animal. 2. smallness. T&seBri 
a chicken. srs^soaj uvula, 

epiglottis; a disease under 
the tongue, called frog. 1> 
$$ a small corn ; the Ricinus 
seed. 225., a kind of rice. 
_e33< the little finger ; cf. rj 

', sooa narrow-minded- 
ness; senselessness. - 
old and young. 

dejected face. ae&s>, s 
to bring forth, yean, as sheep. 
S-o^uosS kimpurushe, J. A fabu- 
lous bird with a human face. 
3-0^03* kimmatu, s. Value, price. 
to fix the value. 
kirmpilu, see -at-. 

reJ kirmbata, s. An itching 
sensation. 2. scratching. 

kirmbilu, ^r. The ear- 
wax. ^y^X an ear-pick. 

kirmbillu, JfV ^Lr<5. 
kirmbuni (-3-o^Sr), T-. w. 
To itch. v. a. To rub, scratch. 

kirmbelu, ^. Itching. 
2. scratching. ^?4 a kind 
of nettlish Cocco, Colocasia 

rt kigga, adj. Little, small. 
a-o-2a kicikici, s. Chirping. 2. 
prattling, adj. Bruised, jel- 
lied. ^js^rs) to tread to a 
jelly. rio^s to chirp; to 

ui kic'idi, kicedi, s. 
Boiled rice mixed with split 
pulse and jaggory. aDocerf 
2>?^5 a female's brown coloured 





i, kicita, ^ 
kiccadi, J<? 
-D-^J, -2^ kiccijkiccu, kicce, 

io- icr Lcr 

.y. Fire. 2. envy. 3. indiges- 
tion, disorder of the stomach. 
V3tt- a jungle fire. sws^ 
envy, hatred. 

kiccidi, kiccodi, 

2 > kicceli, ^. A musk-rat. 


fc^', :^N S kijanu, kijanu, s. A 
kind of fish. ^rfo its spawn. 

fc}^j> kijaluni, see XsBew. 

23i3-s3 kijikitti, ^. A boy's toy; 
a rattle. 

kijeluni, see 
kituka, see 

kitukitu, ^. Annoyance, 
disturbance, teasing. T^T? a 
tormentor. &t-& to be vexed. 
^otfoi^ to vex, disturb. 
3 kiti, ^^ -S-a. 
j-S- kitiki, s. A window. 

kitikiti, s. Ticking, as a 
watch; a small sound pro- 
duced by tapping on a flat 
substance. 2. giggling, titter- 
ing. iieo^ to titter. 
2J kitta, s. Sediment of boiled 
areca-nut. 2. scoria; dross 
of smelted iron. 3. proximity. 
adj. Near. S^<!DS> to repair 
or cement an earthen or stone 
vessel with the powdered 
& kidi, s. A spark. 2. a small 

precious stone. ?>$ to 
become enraged. s^os, tf 
uo^, TOsgs sparks to fly. 
e kini, ^. Wit, keenness, cun- 
ning. ^200^^ to play tricks. 
to show one's cun- 


&?3&c3 kinikini, s. The tinkling of 
small bells ; a clinking sound. 
kinilu, s. The noise made 
by the fall of a small bell, etc. 
3,re kinkana, adj. Little. e3 
3 the little finger. 

?,, kinkuni, see 3>0j$>. 


s a s kinnalu, s. A brass cup. 

kitabu, s. A book. 2. 
the Koran. 

kittu, J^ -3-^. 
kittu, 5. Lightning. -^^^ 
lightning to flash. 

0, *^,, -ffi kittali, kittili, 
kitle, ^. An orange. 

kittuni (*,), v. n. To 
flutter; to be in agitation. 
kidunkana, see &fjC. 

kidumbre, ^. A brass 
ear-ring; also ^rfocdj. 

kidukilu, kidukelu, kidkulu, 

kidkelu, ^. The armpit. 2. 

tickling. syts to be ticklish. 

_ s^Tkfj to tickle. 
&c3ozooci kidambure, ^^ ^Sodj. 
> kidi, ^^ ^a. 
S-cS kide, s. A cow-pen, stall. 

S a manger; r/. tfixg. 
^^^o^i kinukuni, ^t 




*G*, veto 5 , -O-NO* kinuru, ki- 
naru, kinalu, s. A bit, trifle. 
-?6 kinare, s. Margin, bank, 
shore. 2. border, edge. 
^> kinikini, see *rJ*r5. 
kinkana, see Sf^re. 
^xS kinkuni (oL), ? r . a. To 



c&3j. kinyappe, J. A mother's 
younger sister. 
C& sSo, kinyamme, .s 1 . A father's 
younger brother. 

kinyavu, J. The young of 
an animal. 2. a little thing; 

kipaya, kipayatu, kiphayiti, s. 
Profit, gain, advantage. 

s kippilu, see 

kippu. J^ 

^ kippe, J. A pile, heap. 
3TO?t>s> to heap up. 

kiyude, ^ 

o^ kirumbuni, see 

kirudu, see 

kiranci, ^. Mire, mud. adj. 
Miry, dirty, foul. 
ra kiraria, ^. A ray or beam 
of light. 

r?) kirani, s. A kind of itch ; 
also ^3rf, TTSjrf. 

S-Oe)! kirate, ^. A hunter, fowler : 
a forester. 

-S-0, -o-do kiri, kiru, ^/'. Small, 

little, young. 2. low, mean. 

0^., o^Jo. kirikattu, ki- 

20 &J 

rikattuni. ^^ ^e&^uo a, under 

S-O-S-0 kirikiri, J. Disturbance, 
annoyance. 2. creaking, as 
shoes, etc.\ cf. ^tf^s. -sj^dos 
to prattle. ^o^s to disturb. 
0^ kirigi, kirige, s. The 
garment worn by a girl; also 

kirigi, kirig-e, s. An- 
noyance. 3o^& to annoy, 
kiridu, sec 5r. 
33* kiriyatu, s. Chirayit 
gentian, Ophelia chirata. 
&Qo3o kiriye, J. Exorcising; char- 
ming a demon. 
S-GoSo kiriye,.?. A junior, younger 

3-O^y kirita, s. A crown, diadem. 

S-Qefo^^S a king. 
S-tfo kiru, see -3-8. 

^L 7? IriT'O C/ 7 ^ T'T'i.j 
y^ \j JX1I C O t-c^ ^ v 

^CciT" kirengu, ^^ 

kirencuni, ^^ 

kirejuni (^^), z>. a. To 
cut, as straw, grass-stumps 
etc. 2. to scrape or clear, as 
the ground. 

6)>, ^da^)^, ^O^rJ kirepini, 
kirepuni, kirevuni, sec 06*}$. 

kirku, s. A creaking 




kirkalu, kirkala, 
j. Annoyance, trouble, teas- 
ing. 2. a grain. 

Og kirgatti, ^. A small knife. 
2. a short sword. 

3-rt>F< kirgulla, s. A small 
kind of brinjal. 

S-^rd kirtara, s. An inferior 
sort or kind. 

O-CJ^F kirdu, adj. Inferior, not 

4&Fe) ff , -&&FO* kirpilu, kirbillu, 
j. A hut, small temporary 

^-QdJa^s* kiryatu, see 8odjs. 

S-?3F kirse, see ^2*. 

&o*o2oj, 0*200, &^odoo kilum- 

bu, kilubu, kilumu, J^ e3oe3. 
S-o kila, J. The belly. 2. a bag. 

_ e>o&(34$ to fill or feed the 

o-^-S-o kilakila, ^. Chirping. 

2. screeching. 0afo. Heartily, 
to laugh heartily. 
-^JEoo kilimbu, kilubu, 

see -S-eSosS. 

kilikili, see 3v$v. 
kilenji, s. A fly. 

^-s3ozoo kilembi, kilembu, 
s. Rust, verdigris, corrosion. 
SotSO kilembiri, J. Cream. 
2. scum. 
froth to form. 
^o^ kilekuni 

To draw out, pull. 2. to 
irritate, provoke; to stir, 

kilepuni, see ??3ss^. 

-S-e3i?^;^ kilevuni, kile- 
vuni (*3, S-3e), v. n. To 
whistle. 2. to resound. 
rO kilesi, 

j. kilbu, 


3 kille. J. A fort. 03-5 the 


commander of a fort. 
jzS, -o-^d kivade, kivude, ^. 
A deaf man. #4tfk deaf, 
kisikisi, J. A titter, laugh. 

^r^, &n) kisu, kisi, J. Grinning. 
2. a fragment. 3. trouble. 
4. hinderance. *^, KTO& 
a very small balance. arooso 
a grinning face. s3?5 a trifle. 
_a*?uo$ to give trouble; to 
haggle. 3u^s to hinder. 

&7?& kisuka, s. Tittering or 
grinning. 3 ^<y^S) to grin, 

-?o kise, ^. The pocket of a 

&?,, -S-^ kistu, kiste, ^. A fixed 
period for payment of reve- 
nue. 2. an instalment. 

kilipili, s. The sound of 

kicake, s. The name of an 
ancient king. 

z3W3s3pO kicabavoli, s. A fly- 
ing fox. 

o, (S^o-Stfo* klcukicu, 
kicukitu, s. The squeaking of 
rats, etc. 

kicuni ("fre^), v. n. To 
klce, ^ 



=5^ 0=50 kunku 

kiji, s. White lead. 

&ej kita, s. An insect in general. 

2. a worm. 3. see #Uj. 
?i;3, ^r> kltake, kitage, s. 

A base or rude fellow. 
S-^Ca* kidu, #<//'. Inferior. 

ee~', 3?^ kidu> kldi, J. A worm, 
insect. &^s, ax^dos to de- 
cay, to become useless. 

3* kitu, s. A part, bit; a 

&e^ kltuni (e), ?'. n. To 
spirt, sprit; to sprinkle. 

&d> kiduni (*?5), ?. a. To 
importunate; to dun, tease. 

3?3g) kipu, J. A bunch. 

o^ivS* kibillu, tttf *l~& 


kiru, ^. A split, rift; a 

kiru, //'. Ancient, old; 
?K aooa a lesson for 
the past and future. 
5 kiri, ^. Continuance, inces- 
sancy. ^^^ to continue, go 
on without ceasing. ^^eo^r 
incessant rain. 
&> kiruni (*e5), v. a. To 
scratch ; to split ; also ?\?^os). 
klre, 5^6' -3-eB. 

jkirottuni (*?^a5 o ). r. a. 
To roar, as an elephant. 
^Fc3 kirtane, s. Praise; a 
psalm, hymn. ^^ to sing 
praises of God. 
^or kirti, ^. Fame, renown, 

3* kilu, ^. A joint, hinge, peg. 
2. a wooden fastening. ss 
ci>> to fasten as a door; also 


kilumbu, J^ &3c83. 

kiludavade, 5-. The 
lower jaw. 

kill, 5. A lock. -^ the 
key of a lock. 

cS* kllmslu, adj. Evil and 
good. 2. inferior and supe- 
rior, adv. Upside-down. 

klvu, 5-. Pus, matter of a 
;&> klsuni, sec ^?sb'.. 

?do kisuli, .s-. A carpenter's 

kilu, <//. Base, low, mean. 
_e?f, -S-e^f an inferior. 
&sB a low class or caste. 
33 baseness, meanness. ^ 
3tf a vulgar expression. aioa 
a mean disposition. 3o?. 
see -S-?e^?<. 

kilu, kilu, ra? *e^- 
ku, adj. prcf. Bad, low, 
small; as &3 vulgar people. 

low tricks, etc. 

kunkuma, s. A crim- 
soned powder of turmeric, 
used by married women for 
making a mark on their fore- 
heads. ^e^Q sec ^e~3- 
o^J^o kunkuru, s. Going on 
hands and legs, as an infant ; 
also ^-j?o5 : o"dj. 1?^> a toad. 
s to stagger, reel. 




kunke, see 
xfoofctf kurica, s. A tassel, flybrush. 
^oosS kurici, J. A kind of chil- 
dren's hood reaching down 
to the calves of th.e legs. 
kurice, .?. A weaver's stay. 
kurija, s. A heap, accu- 
mulation, hoard; assemblage. 
OO^DO* kurijaru, s. A small 
jungle. 2. the name of a 

kuriji, see XscaS. 

kunjirga, see ^oca^S. 
kuriria, s. Genitals, vlg. 

^oofcJ kunta, s. A peg, post. 2. 
the stocks, adj. Lame, crip- 
pled; blunt. ?ro?3> a crip- 
ple's tricks. 5s5 a lame 
leg. ?5Ls> to place ^^ fix 
a post. 3JT>7l>$ to set up a 

"oboyro kuntani, s. Vexation. 
2. dissoluteness; cf. ^otiri 

' ei 

~r\s3 a debauchee. 

talu, kuntalu, kuntala, s. The 
tree Gomphia angustifolia. 
33o5r its fruit. 

kuntavuni, see &seo 

kunti, ^. A female dwarf. 
rt^'. Short; worn out, wasted; 
blunt, dull. 3os3 a worn 
out broom. sojstfo^ to become 
blunt, ^. 

3jj kuntu, ^. Cloth. 2. gar- 
ment, dress. ^o^o 3 to dress, 

clothe. ^fsga to cover with 
clothes, put on clothes. 

kuntuni, see ^J3?owo^. 

kunte, s. A dwarf, short 

=00 k3 kunte, s. The web bearn 
of a loom. rf ^ fire set up 
to warm the bleached thread. 
/G-dos to set a post <?r peg. 
^ the cross-beam of a 

kunda, ^. A pit, especially 
of sacrificial fire. 
oc^ kundala, s. A kind of 
ear-ring; also XocTto. 
o^O kundali, s. A kind of 

^ kundi, kundige, J. 
A strong trough. 

kundelu, see &abrf& 
kuniie, 5. The penis. 

^oo ^e; kuntala, ^. A curl, ringlet. 

2. the hair. 3. a drinking cup. 
=5*00 3 kunti, s. The mother of 

the Pandit princes. 
^0023* kundu, see ^oorfj. 

=00 rf kunda, ^. A pillar, post. 
3<5rt a stone pillar. 5W^s> 
to build a pillar. 

kundana, s. Pure gold, 
kundavuni, ^- ^. (offoo 
To reduce. 2. to boil 
down. 3. to repress, humble, 
kundu, s. Deficiency, 
defect, fault. 2. want. 3. loss. 
crccSo a helper; a compan- 
ion, comrade. Xo to make 




up a deficiency. ^ want 
of money Jr means. 
^ood> kundu, s. A child of Pa- 
riahs. ss^oa to bear, bring ; 
forth, as Pariahs. 

^x rr. 

Tjooc3o> kundum (soccij, v.n. lo j 
decrease, abate, be reduced. 
2. to fade, wither. 3. to be 
boiled down. 

^oocSs/ kundelu, s. Deficiency, 
as in the measurement of 
grain, etc. 

=g\)o x kundri, s. A small craft 
or vessel from the Maldive 
islands, adj. Little, small, 
short. ^^j, ecred a puny 
baby, bantling. ^^. s^> 
oso a small kind of cocoanut, 
imported from the Maldive 

3 kundrukote, s. An 
old fort at Mercara. 

jsraa, kumpari, kum- 
padri, s. A god-father. 
:o$)^ kumpuni, see 5Jsc3os>. 
)o3j kumpe, see ^^v 
kumba, .svt" ^Jo<$. 

3\>o2o6 kumbakare, 


kumbaruni (^0020^), 
r r . ;/. To (|uake, tremble. 
=5^0^53 kumbava, ^. A pumpkin 

or gourd. 

^ooior? kumbasu, see #00200. 
tfjoOTO kumbare, ^. A potter; 

kumbi, s. A mirage. 2. 
the penis. 3. an elephant. 
=aOo2ookumbu, s. Rottenness, adj. 
Rotten, carious, decayed. 3o 
tf a rotten tree. e??^ to rot. 
^oozjj^ kumbuda. A pumpkin cr 
gourd, Cucurbita agcnaria. 
5& an ash-gourd. tysE_, 
a small kind of ash- 

gourd. e3e>_, 

vaunt, I'l 

to boast, 

, kumbottu, see so c zoo. 


^ kumbha, s. The eleventh 
solar mouth (Febr.-March). 
2. a pot, an earthen vessel. 

3~ the name of a giant, 
Ravana's younger brother. 

TTO& the sign Aquarius. 

^ z> kumbha, kumbha- 
sthala, ^. ' The frohtal globe 
of an elephant's head. 
OCOS*, ^ooDo^ kummaku, ku- 
mmike, st\' ^^^. 

kummaya, see 

kunrjilu, see 

To shrivel, shrink. 

kurndu, sec 3Uc:ior. 

kurndodi, ^. A kind 
of fish. 

kumsu, sec Xo5o?ij. 

ukku, ^. A mango. 2. the 
mourning feast of the Pariahs. 
bd a mango tree. 3 
a young mango. rf w 
ij^S mango pickle. 






Pariahs to at- 
tend a funeral ceremony. 
kukkuli, s. Pecking. 

kukkuliyuni (tfowo, 
5), r. <7. To peck. 

kukke, s. A basket, -tfo 
a small basket. 
kugguni (^^), v. n. To 
be humbled, depressed. 2. to 
sink; j^ ^0?^$. 
Zco^o^o kucukucu, J. A whis- 
per. 3^s3os> to whisper. 
kuce, <? ^li- 
e^JS^o kucodya, s. Ridicule, 
derision, mockery. 

kuccatu, ^. Shortness, 
//. Short, little. 
, =5*023 rf, ^OLJsy kucca- 

to to _oo- 

nige, kuccane, kuccata, ^. Re- 
probation, taunt, upbraiding. 
kucci, ^. The cropped hair 


of the head. 2. the stump 
of a shrub. 3. a tassel, a*//. 
Small, short. ^sS a copse, 
brushwood. o3 grass- 
stump, stubble. rfoosA^ a 
thicket of thorns. _?\erfos>, 
^^$ to shave the head. 
^? a kind of fish. so& an 
addition made to the tuft of 
hair on the crown of the head. 

kticcile, s. A taunter. 

kuccuni. see ^o^ ro^. 


Fi, ^otS, Fi), 77. 

&r /' 

r^/?. To blame, censure, re- 



^cz?o kuccena, see 


T#ota kuja, <^/'. Earth-born. ^. 
A tree. 2. the planet Mars. 
33-d Tuesday. 
=gbfcio!3 kujanti, see ^js&og. 

kujaru, J. The stench of 
urine; any bad smell. 
fcso 6 kujalu, J. The hair of 
the head. 

kujaluni, see &ssSe>o3. 

^jzdjosoo kujimbu, ku- 
jumbu, ^. A chip, fragment. 

kutayi, see tfjsucoo. 
kuti, ^. A hut. 

kutini, ^. A deceitful 

I3^> kutila, s. Trick, imposture, 
deception. 2. hypocrisy. 3. 
crookedness. craoib, o&3e3 a 
cheat, imposter. 
yoow kutumba, s. A family; 
a household. 

lboftrl kutumbige, s. A house- 
holder, family-man. 

kutuku, s. The game of 
hide and seek. 2. a female's 

kutukutu, s. The 
rumbling of the bowels. 2. 
grinding the teeth. 
kutta, see tfjsUj. 

kuttanu, J. A kind of 
a field over- 
grown with such tares; a 
barren field. 

kuttana. see $> rf*. 






-U.?;* kuttasu, -sr<? ^a. 


eJ, kutti, ^. A stake, peg, stump. 
^jsedo a short stick. 

to play at throwing 
a stick. 

* kuttilu, sec 3&v- 

kuttu, .y. A blow given 
with the fist. 

kuttuni (tfjSj), P. . To 
thump, give a blow, strike 
with the fist. 2. to crash, 
pound, bruise. 

3 kutte, s. Decay, rottenness. 
535 a borer, that destroys 
trees. x&^s to decay. $pt 
to be ruined, done up, 

kutru, s. Cooing. $3 
i\ spotted dove. ^:k> to coo. 
^ kuda, adi<. Again. os 
once more. ^orf again and 
again, repeatedly. 

kudariji, see 
^i kudapuni, 

kudari, ^. An axe. ^ a 

j, under &'i . 
kudicelu, A^ 
; -i3 kudicele, Jt^ tf~ J3. 

, J. Horse-gram, 
Dolichos untftofus. 2. the 
testicles of dogs, cuts, ^. 3. 
the fresh scars of small-pox. 
_ ;nsrfoa to feed (cattle) with 
gram; to cuff, give blows. 
_83a?ors, lit. gram to scatter; 
small-pox to break out. 

kudumbe, s. A jungle 
man. 2. a Konkani speaking 
Roman Catholic. 

kudutale, m: ^o^d 

, kudupu, ^. A strainer, 
made of wicker-work. 

kudupuni, see ^ori^si. 

kuduma, ^. A ferry. 
2. J^ tfoUooax 

kudume, J^ ^orljod. 
kude, 5-. A rat's hole. 
c3 kudenji, s^ ^.siSc^. 

dozS^jO kudenjimara, ^. The 
tree of oval-leaved rosebay, 
Wrightia antidy sent erica. 
,, ^osi kudki, kudke, J. A 

o" o" 

small earthen vessel. skzkr 
a kind of firework. 
d: ^ kudcuni (^^)- "' ^- To 
drink excessively. 2. to swal- 
low liquor. 

kudcelu, ^. Drunkenness. 

kudcele, ^. A drunkard. 

kudtale, J. The re- 
gistered right of paying land 

kudpa, kudpe, see 

s? 9 " kudpalu, ^. A woman 
with uncombed hair. 2. the 
name of a female demon. 

kudpuni (^S), r. n. To 
shiver, as from ague. v. a. To 
dust, shake oil' as the dust of 
a cloth, etc. 

kunale, kunile, see 




kutturi, see 
;^ kutta, s. Sickness. 
jaundice. $e& dropsy. 

, kuttata, s. Pain, as in 
suppuration of a boil. 

, =3^0^, kuttatta, kut- 
tyatta, ^. A granary, store. 
^^ kuttani, s. A superior 
kind of silk cloth. 

kuttane, adv. Headlong, 
kuttari, see tfoat^e. 
3-5) kuttaruni (^o^5), ?. ;z. 
To feel a biting #/ itching 
sensation. 2. to ache. 
/Sg^j kuttalu, see 
j^j^ kuttaluni, 

kuttale, J. A sickly man. 
y kuttata, see o3 w. 

* ^^) 

D kuttari. J^ 3j&> a. 


kutti, ^. A liquid measure, 
as of oil etc. 

kutti, s. The trunk or 
stump of a tree. TSitf-R fees 
levied for permission to fell 
trees on government land. 
t&3?o> a perpendicular post 
supporting a roof. -^3 pro- 
pitiation of demons, sup- 
posed to haunt a newly con- 
structed roof. es^orfoos a 
race or family to be extinct. 
A;$F$ to dig up the stump 
of a tree. S^JF^ a post 
planted in the water for 
supporting anything. 

kuttipuli, s. Tamarind. 

jvl 3 kuttiri, .y. A civet cat. 

o^jp kuttu, ^. A' prick, punc- 
ture; very small hole. 2. a 
fomentation or poultice. 3. 
a basket-maker's knife; also 
eu. ^3!^$ to foment, 
to prick, make a hole. 
s to become a hole, 
kuttuni (^ J 5o), v- a - To 
bore, pierce. 

^0 kutturi, s. A weel for 
catching fish with. 2.abasket- 
shaped cage for fowls. 

, =5*0^5} kutturuni, ku- 
truni, see ^rfo^s. 
^o 5 kuttelu, s. A kind of 
brush used by toddy-drawers. 
Jjs & kuttodi, s. A cobra ema- 
ciated by devouring another 
species of snake called 

lj^o^j kuttyolu, see 3^ 
^e^o, under ^o^. 

kudante, see ^.arfoa. 
kudadu, see &arfS. 

^orf?S kudape, kudane, s. 
The fruit of Solatium pubes- 

kudi, s. Term, turn. adj. 
Fixed, settled. ae~a to fix 
a time. 
S kudi, .&? ^ts. 

kudikarij, J. Tiptoe. 
, kudike, A jackal, fox. 

oJoo^ kudipuni, ku- 
diyuni (^o), t 1 . . To repent, 




kudipevuni (^oa^), 
i\ a. To be desiring, wishing. 
2. to be anxious. 

kudumbu, sec (zfcwfcoax), 

kudumbulu, ^. A j 


kudupuni (^E>), v. a. 
To cut; to reap. 

kudupe, s. A small kind 
of earthen vessel for boiling 
rice. 2. (fig?) the belly. 

kudume, s. The side or 
cross roof of a house. 

kuduru, s. A sand bank. 
2. a small island. 
'd>3o> kuduruni (tfoskS), y.n. 
To recover from sickness. 

3 kudure, s. A horse. 2. 
the lock of a gun. T^T?, 
~crao3oahorsekeeper; a rider. 
sSeoi a saddle. rf &3o5 the 
mane of a horse. e^odj a 
stable. 3sro& riding. so 
^ Tio^> 5033 ^i$ to mount a 

_o _o 

horse, to ride. 

kude, s. A piece of wood. 
kudke, J^ 
kuddu, ^^ 

kuddoli, J^ ^d^> o. 

s'oc^ kuddya, kudya, ^. 
Shortness, adj. Short, small, 
dwarfish. crooSj a dwarf, 
short man. 

kudpe, ^ 


co^^ 5 kudrasu, ^. A square 

kunale, see 3ar3. 

d kupEnde, 5-. Concealing 
one's nature, acts, etc.; hy- 
pocrisy. s^aTka to talk like 
a virtuous man ; to impose 

srsod, ^ossjodj kupande, ku- 
pandre, Jt^ so^etf. 
^)^)j, ^j^)^j kupulu, kupulu, 
s. The crow-pheasant. s'o 
?*3 red eyes. 20 r^ reddish 
colour. ^ocFa a mole-hill. 
^Pod kupendre, ^^ ^otSe^. 


^?i kuppasa, ^. A petty coat, 

kuppi, J. Glass-ware. 2. 
china-wares. 3. a pial, bottle. 

kuppe, see XoA- 


kubalu, kubalu, 
s. A pinnacle, the top of a 

kubuja, adj. Dwarfish; 

kubuje, s. A female 

kubuddhi, s. Foolishness; 


kub&, s. The top of a palm 

kuberamara, ^. The 
mahogany tree. 
o^^d kubere, s. The Indian 
Pluto and god of wealth, pre- 
siding over the north quarter. 
2. a rich man. 



jdj kuru 

kubja, see 
kubje, see 

, tfodoo-S-, 
kumaku, kumiki, 
kumuki, kumuku, kumuke, s. 
Aid, assistance. 3^>K unas- 
sessed land for the use of 


kumaya, s. Chun am, 
lime. 2. mortar. 

idJSS, T^o^JSsIr kumari, ku- 

marti, s. A girl. 2. a virgin. 

3. a daughter. 

sirad kumare, s. A boy. 2. a 


73-3 25 s kumusalu, s. Consul- 
tation. 2. conspiracy, plot, 
kumetelu, s. Putrid 
meat or fish. 

>s3os3) kumevuni (^o3o), ?. n. 
To decay, putrify. as meat, etc. 

, ^o^jj^D^ kumerujkumeru, 
s. A waste land cleared for 

isSj^do kumeru, s. The south 

kuyilavuni, see # 

kuyukti, ^. Craft, cun- 

iDJoo^o^i kuyuluni (^oodoo^), 
t 1 . n. To inflame, as the eyes, 
or a boil, 
kura, se 

kuranga, s. A musk-deer. 
2- a monkey. 
^odokf kurant^, 
^oOo^o^i kurantuni, 
^o^ kurantuni, 

^s^ kurandrakallu, s. A 
kind of very hard stone. 

kurambilu, J. A kind 
of grass growing in fields. 
kurambu, see &atfoaxx 

^.D'S^ kuraku, kurak\j, 
s. Food, sustenance. 

kuradi, kuradi, j^ 

kurade, see 

kuranu, ^. The Koran. 
kuri, ^. A sheep. aj 
foolish people. ^ -S-^ a lamb. 
_ AaetSo wool. 

D kuri, ^. A boil. STOSJ- a 
small boil. 

kurijaty, J^ ^o-do&rel. 

kurinlru, s. A mixture 
of lime and turmeric water. 
DoJjo^kuripuni, kuri- 
yuni (* 8 ), v. n. To decay, 
rot, putrify. 

kuru, adj. Little, small. 

kuruntu, s. A small 
bundle, as of rice etc. 2. a 
lump, as of tamarind etc. 3. 

kuruntuni (tfJtkcCi), 
v. n. To contract, shrivel, 
shrink in. 

djoSo* kurumbilu, s. Curled 
hair. 2. see 




: ^. ^.ro^Uc- kurukuc- 
cane, kurukucsi, .?. Grumbling, 


kuruci, see 
^odo^DS* kurujatu, s. A inoidore. 
kuruji, see Xo32^. 
kuruda, adj. Blind. 33 

kurudu, ^<//. Blind. 

kurudumari, see ^o 

J kurude, kurute, s. 
A blind man. 

i do w 1)^0-^ kurubaldlu, .y. A 
postern, backdoor. 

kurubu, s. The eyebrow, 
kurube, ^. A shepherd, 
kurule, see 3o3-. 
kuruve, ^^ o3r. 

^DS* kurusalu, .y. Servitude, 
slavery, bondage. 

rL, ^,TJ?) kurupa, kurupu, 
j. Deformity, ugliness. <z^/'. 
Deformed, ugly. ^otf^sS an 
ugly man. 

kure, s. Filth, dirt. 2. 
swamp, pool. '^tf stinginess 
in trifles. ^^ decayed skin. 
a poor life, half-alive, 
filthy soil. 

"j kurepini, kure- 
puni (^3), :. . To bore, 
scrape, excavate, drill. 2. 

kureyuni, ku- 

revuni (^-"5), :'. n. To be worn 
out, washed away. 2. to decay, 

->623* kurelu, s. The nape of 
the neck. 

kirkavuni, c. :. (of 
To shake, agitate. 
2. to wash well, as clothes. 

o" kurkilu. ^. A kind of 

kurkuni (^^Fr), r. w. To 
shake, as a tree 

kurkuru, <idr. Slowly. 
.. to shut slowly, 
kurke, se Xo^r. 
kurni, see ^osr. 
kurci, J 1 . A chair, seat, 
kurci, s. A kind of fish, 
kurjatu, see ^o^o2:t). 

kurdayi, ^. A large 
black beetle that destroys 
the core of palm-trees. 

^oSFUjao^, =5\):1>F kurdiburu, 
kurdu, s. A kind of creeper. 

'ff-c^c- kurdu, see ^o^o^>. 

^ori^^ora" kurdumanriu, s. Soil 
i?r earth impregnated with 
the poison of kurdumari. 

^o^j^uO kurdumari, s. A kind 
of poisonous vermin. 

~,^- kurde, .srr ^o^^. 

^JaF, ^J^F^ kurte, kurtelu, s. 
Dirt, filthiness. adj. Dirty. 
^Ji^d kurtele, s. A filthy man. 
^ kurnasu, s. Snoring. 




kurni, s. A sore in the eye- 
lid. ^oR> sore eyes. 
'Qr kurpu, s. Manure, fer- 
tiliser. t>&^s to be fer- 

a^ kurpu, s. Sharpness, as 
of a cutting instrument. 2. 
dissection. ab$ to dissect. 
FS kurbilu, see 
kurbu, see 
} kuryuni, 

kurlu, ^. Contraction, 
shrinking in. 2. parching, 

J^JF kurlari, kurlu, s. 
Parched rice. 

^orj} kurluni (*>?), 7-. . 
To be contracted, to shrivel, 
shrink in, as from cold; also 

^j3F kurle, J. A tender plantain 
tree. 2. a young pig. 3. the 
fresh shoots of grains etc. 

^j53F;o3 s F kurlemardu, s. A 
kind of bitter medicinal root. 

^OSDFO^J kurvayi, see ^Oororoao. 

^osiF kurve, J. A basket. 2. 
distension. 20033 ^o^r #wo.$ 


the belly to distend. 
^o^cS kursandi, ^. A kind of 
sesamum imported from the 

ghauts, corf sesamum oil. 
^J^rr^ kursani, see ?ro^o^te^. 
^jr,.F kursu, s. A cross. 2. see 

kula, 3~. Family, race, tribe. 
?^5 a family god. ydor. 
duties and customs 

pertaining to a family or 
caste. ^5oJ one who belongs 
to a good family. ^u^si a 
caste or family to be degen- 
erated or ruined. 

kula, see ^otf. 

kula, s. A sweet preparation 
consisting of cocoanut juice, 
jaggory, ripe plantains, and 
cardamoms; also ??o#. 

} kula, kulavu, s. A 
kind of creeper. 

kulanji, ^ o<3o32. 
kulayi, J. A kind of cap. 

sydo^o^ kulankusa, adj. De- 
tailed. 2. whole, adi'. In 
detail. 2. wholly. 

^ kulasu, ^. Discharge, 
acquittance, letting go. 

^, =^0^)033 kulipe, kulupe, 

see ^o^s3. 

kulma,^/'. Noble, honor- 
able. ^os5??3 a nobleman. 

kule, ^. A ghost, apparition. 
arrf continual fever. 
s3cc3 kulenji, ^. xA. plot of field. 

kulpe, see 
D kulla, see 



kulliffe, s. The buttocks. 
kuvaka, Jt^ s'o^^. 
S kuve, j. A mast; also 

sS kuye, see 

^ kusa, 5-. The holy grass. 

Poa cynosuroides ; also ti$~. 




kusala, ^. Cleverness, skil- 
fulness. 2. welfare, happi- 
ness. adj. Clever, expert, 
able. aioo keen wit, quick 

SD'S*, kusaly, .$. Merriment, 
pleasure, frolic. tfjeeX vene- 
real disease. zfctfo^ to be 
merry, to lead a debaucher- 
ous life. 

^kusi, J.Joy, pleasure; hila- 
rity. 2. will. 3. agreement. 
> as you like, as you 

^oJJOj) kusipuni, ku- 
siyuni (^J&), '. . To contract, 
shrink in. 

kushi, see ^o>. 

kushta, -y^ H&T+. 

);o kusa, see ^otf. 
,?5d kusave, J. A potter. 
kusalu, J^ ^os^5. 

o?o^ kusinu, kusini, s. 
A kitchen. 

^o^ kusipuni, see ^o&^s. 
A)w kusiri, ^^ tfjty. 

kusumbe, J. The safflow- 
er. oios? safflower oil. 
a deep red colour. 
^i kusukuni, j 

kusubi, J. The safflower. 
kusuma, J. The filament 
of a flower. 2. the pollen of 
a flower. 

kusuri, s. Any thing given 

to boot, when a person buys 

commodities. 2. see OAJJ. _ &a 

&F$ to give something into 

the bargain. 

^OwO kusuru, s. A bit, trifling. 

adj. Little, few. 

^odo^) kusuruni (tfo;&5), ^. . 

To shiver. 2. to shrink in, be 


?jot>o kusulu, J. The small 

bead of a nose ornament. 

& kuselu, kuselu, 
s. Ingenuity, cunningness, 
a sly artifice. 2. wittiness, 
-rfotfo^ to play tricks. 
^a^ kuskuni (^oJj), v. n. To 
shrink, give way, sink in. 2. 
to sprain. 

i, s. Gymnastics, wrest- 

ling, 7^200^, rfj^ tO 


kusri, J. The pulp or soft 
part of a fruit. 2. ^^ ^orioS. 
kuhaka, adj. Fraudulent, 
deceitful. ^osc^ a cheat, 

kula, s. A tank 0r pond. 
kulaku, J^ ^js*^. 

kulamandra, ^. Dried 
juice of mangoes or jackfruit. 
^S'SO* kulavaru, s. Details. 
2. item by item. 3. a list of 
creditors, debtors, etc. 


kuligfe, j 

kulipuni ( 
sting, as an ant. 




kulipe, s. The large black- 

r 1 . a. To wet, moisten. 

^o ^o kulukulu, 
-woJ kulupu, .r. A piece of 
black stone e/., with a device 
or inscription on it to be used 
as a seal. 

kulupu, .fttf 30933. 

kuluvaru, -^ ^sro5. 
^}*53a>s3)cl kullavuni, 
kullapavuni, . z 1 . (of ^o^o v ) 
To make sit, to employ. 

kulluni (*jf v ), t'.w. To 
sit, sit down. 2. to lodge, 

Q ku, s. Response, responding 
to a call. 2. alarm. cstSos 
to respond to a call ; to give 

kunke, s. Shortness of 

kunke, s. The mock tri- 
bute given in a kind of game, 
kurija, see ^ooai. 
kuriji, see X.ec3. 

kunjelu, ^. A kind of 
weel for catching fish. 

kuntuni, sec ^jsUos. 

^J5odJJ>tw kundelu, 
kundolu, s. A wasp. &_ a 
large yellow wasp. 
So^o^j, ^jaodj^i kuntuni, kum- 
puni (^jsol, ^jso), i<. a. To 
peck, strike with the beak. 2. 
to prick a hole. 3. to put out. 

kuke, see 

kugu, ^. A cry, excla- 
mation, outcry. 

kuguni (^-^), ^. . To 
cry out. 

kuci, ^. A small goglet, 
filled with water and placed 
in a demon-shrine. 

kuje, ^. An earthen goglet. 

kuta, ^. An assembly, 
meeting. 2. mixture, amal- 
gamation. 3UtlD$ to as- 
semble; to conspire. 
SeJOoO kutayi, s. Storing rice, 
granary etc. 3js3o$ to store 

kutu, s. The inner roof 
of a house. 2. the hip. a? 
&$, -s^>cl>s> to place the roof 
on the wall. 3gja to con- 


struct a roof. 

SsJo^ kutuni (*jsB). 7-. #, To 

sharpen. 2. to mix, mingle. ^ 

Sa, ^jsyoa sharpened; mixed. 

^js65^. ^jaB^S sharpening ; 


kuda, adv. With, along 
with, together with. 

kudapane, ^. A small 
country water-lift. 

^JS^s)^, ^Szra^? 1 kudavuni, 
kudisavuni, c. ^. (<y??jarJ3gi) To 
join, connect, unite. 2. to 
collect, gather. 3. to amass, 
store. 4. to mix; also sUz^S 
ae^a. - 

^JS&fi kudige, .?. Joining; union. 
2. collection. 3. assemblage, 




gathering. 4. storing. 5. 

J kudisuni 
To add, sum up. 
kudu, ^ 

: kudukattu, 

kudugattu, .S'. The association 
or union of the members 
of the same caste or family. 
^JS^o^j kuduni (^5), r 1 . . To 
join, unite. 2. to cohabit, 
copulate. 3. to embrace, 
adopt. T'. ;/. To meet, as- 
semble, gather; also S.?55 eo 
tr$. 2. to be mixed, mingled. 
3. t. dat. Can, to be able, be 
possible. *j8T3j4; that which is 
practicable or possible. ^.t^c5 
cannot, as :~5 ^.-^c5 I can- 
not, it is impossible for me. 
^.tTica impracticable, impos- 
sible. ^.r:3oe>33) an impos- 
sibility. 5.~^o5 not being 
able, or practicable. 
^Tka, ^^ joint, attached; 
assembled; .?, ^^fc^ the 
assembled people. ^js^^rocSo 
a partner; an adherent. * 

&?rof a concubine. ^^.-? is 

it possible, can IV ^. 

-? kuni, 5^ so^S). 
^J^.reo kunu, s. Pudenda, / ; . 
diun i/iiili-'brc. 
kutale, sec ^o^A 
kudi, J. The anus; poste- 
riors.'in'ir,- nudic.bre. 

^) kuyiluni, 

;.^o' kurangelu, ^. Drow- 
siness, sleepiness. fW~ 
^rfo^3 a drowsy man: a 

:li^ kurambilu, s. A kind 
of medicinal plant. 

kuri, ^. A kind of weel for 
catching fish. aeS-s to set 
it; fig, to ensnare a person. 
5UsK<3^> -^,^>. ^o^ eK^3 -. 

C _a 

he will not get into one or 
the other kind of weel : what- 
ever you do, you will not 
catch him. 

kuru, s. Boiled rice; ^'Ig. 

rice and curry. 
kuru, ^. The dusty sub- 
stance contained in the fibrous 
covering of a cocoa-nut. 
to remove it. 
kuruni (^^), :. n. To 
be drowsy, sleepy. 2. to 
=5Ucs3 kurele, s. A sleepy fellow. 

2. a sluggard. 
^J2lr kurte, Jt*f ^ 

=o\)c3e!FO^ kurnayi, ^. A fierce 

^JS^ioF kurma, ^. A turtle, 
tortoise. ss333 Vishnu's 
second incarnation, e 
turtle. [o\}s. 

=aJS^o^j2! kulankusa, J^c ^oe^o 

5 kuli, s. Hire. TO 
hireling, labourer. 




S kuli, s. A tooth. - 
tooth-ache. 3:?c>ix>$ to gnash 
the teeth. ^ swelling of 
the gums in teething. 
sSo^^, ^JSSTo^ kuliya- 
vuni, kulyavuni (^-osSodra, sU 
e^p), '. #. To make faces, 
mock, mimic. 

kulu, see tfjatfj. 

kulyuni, see tfocdooews. 
kuve, s. Arrowroot, Cur- 
cuma angustifolia ; also ^ 

kuve, s. A mast; 

kusambri, jr. A kind of 
condiment made of minced 
and fried pulse or other vege- 

kuhaka, see 
kula, J 
kuli, J 

kulinge, s. An irregular 

a kruta, adj. Done, made. ^. 
Improvement; repairs; addi- 
tion. 3o^$ to improve, 
as land etc. 

r^i i krutajnate, ^. Gratitude. 
^cdoori, ^s^oiwrl krutayuga, 
krutayuga, ^. The primeval 
golden age of the Hindus. 
3D$F krutartha, adj. Success- 
ful, fortunate, happy. 

5\3 kruti, s. Verification; 
literary composition. 

krutike, s. The Pleiades. 

^ do, ^^^0 kr ultima, kru- 
trima, s. A irick, artifice, 
deception. 2. sorcery, witch- 
craft, adj. Fraudulent. 
\^ krutya, s. An action, act. 
2. duty, conduct. 3. any 
thing proper to be done. 
sS krupe, s. Grace, mercy, 
compassion, favour, ^sros?, 
^sTOTfeX-d lit. the ocean of 
mercy; the all-merciful God. 
So krumi, see -&j^o. 
^&L, ^3 krushi, krushe, j. Agri- 
culture, husbandry. 
^, =^3l krushna, krushne, s. 
Krishna, the eighth incarna- 
tion of Vishnu, adj. Black. 
3^ the dark lunar fort- 
night. ^k)A a buck antelope. 
ttr a kind of black-serpent. 
o kem, ken, abbrev. of^o^ red. 

kengannu, see ^ec^oFs. 
keng-ude, s. An obstinate 
<?r refractory person, block- 
head. 2. one who has no 
feelings, a cruel man. 

c kerica, kerici, adj. Red. 
2. fair. sre^ red whiskers. 
_ 3^$ to get red, become red. 

kenjaruni, J^ ^^&os>. 
kenja, ^<? ^^- 
3 s kerijelu, s. The udder. 

kenjola, s. A red kind 
of great millet, 
kenda, see ^otl 




kendavare, see 
kenni, kenne, 

oej*, kempattu, s. Reddish- 

ness. adj. Reddish. 
c o kempalli, s. The red kind of 
water-lily, Nymphaea rubra. 
kempu, s. Redness. 2. a 
ruby. 3. chalcedony. 3of 
red eyes; glaring eyes. ^oo 
ax>3 squash-gourd, Cucurbita 
maxima. &^ a reddish scurf 
generally affecting new-born 
infants. ^ the red wool or 
hair of animals. ^-^ a red 
kind of the vegetable Amaran- 
tus oleraceus. ai~<5 the red 
spinage, Basella rubra. &> 
re red colour. ^00^9 red 


soil. 3js?3 a fair complex- 
ion. T$^?X scurf, rfo^cO 
to make red. tfyo^ to turn 

^czojzt kembude, s. A kind of 

T?oo3o kemma t see 2,. 

' Qt 

3ozhd kemmade, s. Dust. 2. dirt. 
3. a kind of red insect; a 
glow-worm. 4. canker. 'sSoe 
iift to corrode; to infest. 

^odj^Urt kemmamruga, .?. A 


kind of deer. 

csS>Oe>^ kemmaralu, 5. A ruby. 
2. a kind of red flower. 

75^ kemmlse, J. Red whis- 

^o^iro* kerndelu, ^. The udder. 

,, ^"^.^ kekki, kekkilu, s. 
The neck, throat, -ri Xo5 the 
pit of the throat ; /^^> 33^ 
oso, ^^. _^83 /tV. the neck 
and ear; a complete set of 
jewelry. ^-^ up to the 
neck or brim. 3 ^joso^ the 
nape of the neck. ^oioiQS) 
to cut the throat; to de- 

, ^w^J^ kejaruni, keja- 
luni, ^ X3e;js, 3^^e;os>. 

kejelpuni, see XsSe^s. 

kejja, ^6- *%. 


ketta, fl'^". Bad, base, vile. 
Xoro a bad disposition, de- 
praved nature. a^B a base 
kind. 3 wickedness. ~ 
rf^ bad conduct. 333^ bad 
language. ricXS a bad 

, ird^ keda, kedaku, see 

kedake, s. An oppressor. 
kedaguni (^3K), 7-. . To 
fall or slip down. r. . To 
ruin, spoil; to deflour. 2. to 
remain, be left; also 

kedu, s. A mole, wart. 
keduku, s. Nuisance, 

damage, loss. 
ri S keddasa, .v. A kind of three 


days' festival among the Tulu 
people about February or 
March, when they go on hunt- 
ing excursions, and eat fried 




grains. ^ y^ 9 a strong wind 

blowing during that time. 

} kenakuni, kenkuni 
, P. a. To provoke, 

irritate. 2. to kindle. 

r!> keni, J. Stratagem. 

dj$, 3 ^uo^, ^s^do^ ket- 
taruni, kettaryuni, kettaruni 
(i?5, 3ss5), 7'. . To feel 
pain in the belly. 
B^ kettige, s. Carving, en- 
graving, chasing. 2. setting, 
as jewels. ^^ a carved 
stone. ftorf carved work. 

kettuni (^>), P. . To 
carve, chisel, engrave, chase. 
2. to dig slightly. 3. to set, 
as jewels. 
kette. s. The bark of a tree. 

2. a piece, slice, chip. 

kedijnke, kedanke, 
^. The tip of a bird's wing. 
2. a thin layer. 

s kedijkuty, see ^5^(5, 

kedaruni (^5), ^. ^. To 
break out, burst forth. 2. to 
be excited, irritated. 
kedi, s. A feather. 
kedu, s. An artificial tank, 
pool, pond. 

ir?o^ kedonuni 
To lie down, rest. 
kenakuni, see 

a_ swelling of 

^^ keppade, ^. Swelling of 
the cheeks. 
the temples and cheeks. 

^.^ keppatana, ^. Deafness. 

^?oF kepparse, see ^. 

S) keppi, ^. A deaf woman. 


2. a silly woman. 
=a5JL keppu, s. Deafness. rfoos^ 

deafness and old age ; dotage. 

ts'w^S) to behave like a deaf 

irfi keppe, s. A deaf man. 


=^^ keppe, s. The cheek. 2. the 
temples. Fv sos^os to slap 
on the cheek. awdos to 
dislocate the cheek-bone. 

<$) kebi, J. The ear. es^s^ 
deafening. 0^ pain in the 
ear. o5 a boil in the ear. 
^4} a deafening noise. ^^ 
X an ear-pick. rfjstf half 
deaf. ^ sjoB, ^4 a male's 
large ear-ring. a ^oz! the 
drum or tympanum of the 
ear. detSc^ a male's 
ear-ring. aDja-do the rim of 
the ear. - s&otfo a male's 
common ear-ring. Sozss 4$ 
to give ear, listen. --8-5ca:os> 
the ear to itch; to hear with 
displeasure. ^ogo^ to bore 
the ear. ^epsos to hear, 
listen. &j>>Fca to attend, 
give ear. ^jsn$or ^eros> to 
listen attentively; to over- 
hear. 6oA34c^ b 
to twist the ear. 
to turn the ear; to refuse; 

to be fickle, 


(///.have you no ears?) don't 
you hear? 





kebure 3 s. A deaf man. 
2. an inattentive fellow. 
- kebbattu, see tfe^B,. 
^^\L'o a kebbattuni, see *&.&.&. 

- ej v " " 

=5- zoo kebbu, see ^s^- 

to "^ 

o, kemma, sec c3o. 

keyi, -r. The standing or 
growing crop in a field. &a 
osots to reap the crop. &%>- 
a to thrash. 

3:> kerantuni, see 3tfoo$>. 

kerana, ^^ Xj^r. 

, =tfODF?) kerani, kerani, s. 
Warts. 2. a kind of scab; 

cf. ff>jr5. 

ddo kerama, J^ ^>^>- 
d kere, s. An artificial tank. 
gjsoeio the sluice of a tank. 
_a;rf the illumination of a 
tank. ;&; the adoration of 
a tank with pomp. 
Cio A 5 kerengu, ^. A sweet po- 
tato, the root Dioscorea a- 
ttf& kerenci, see -S-ttoeJ. 

j kerencuni (^csT), -v.a. 
To scratch the ground, as a 
fowl. 2. to wipe oft', as water 
from the ground. 3. to 
crush down a clod of earth. 
380 kerekiri, set 
^6tiO^ kerejuni, see 

:, kerepuni (^)- f. <z. To 
scrape, remove, clear away. 
2. to polish. 

$tf> kerepe, s. Simplicity. 2. a 
simpleton. 3. a prattler. 

kerci, s. A knot. - 
to tie two cocoanuts toge- 

JF kerpa, s. A slope, adj. 

kerpavuni, c. v. (of * 
To cause to kill. 

kerpinaye, J. A mur- 
derer, killer. 

F kerpini(^), v.a. To kill, 
murder, slay. 

kerpu, s. A kind of ladder. 
to place a ladder. 
kerpuduni (3^5), ^. 
a. To cause to lean against; 
to place against. 

kerpuni (35), r. a. To 
prop, support. 

kerpe, J 1 . A clod of earth. 
?3o7\ Z clods turned up when 
ploughing after the second 
crop. 2-xt3o$ to be cloddy. 
kerbu, ^e 3^r. 

kermalu, s. A Pariah 

j, s^j kela, kelavu, ?<;. 
Some, few, several. &3 a 
few people. 

J?O kelasa, s. Business, work. 
2. employment. 3. affair, mat- 
ter. 4. advantage. ^a?3jsXo 
eotfcS it is of no use or ad- 
vantage. 3^r- ^ bad act or 
affair. ^ handiwork. 
?o kelasi, sec 
kelenji, J6V 




kelekuni, see 

kelepuni (3<3), v. n. To 
crow, as a cock. #. a. To 

kelebu, see *3pe3. 

kelevuni (33), tf. . The 
ears to tingle. 

3A), d?3 kelesi, kelese, s. A 
s kellu, s. Brink, edge. 2. 


vicinity. 3. a splinter. 
X> rtadj kelluguru, J. A toe nail. 
^^ a whitlow. zio^ as^s 
a whitlow to rise. 

kevade, kevude, see 

kesaru, s. Mud, mire. 2. 

kesar^kall^i, s. A foun- 
dation stone. 333i3o$> to lay 
a foundation. 

do^ kesaruni (3*6), w. 72. To 
be inflamed, as the eyes. 
djF kesarme, J. The remain- 
ing symptoms of a sickness, 
before complete recovery. 
o^roro*' kenkannu, s. Sore eyes, 

kenkannapakki, s. 
The black Indian cuckoo. 
Joo^ kenkariyuni, j^ ^30 

lu, kenkralu s. A kind of red 

keka, ^. Taking and giving 
goods on credit. crooSo a 

customer. rfoXS a shop 
supplying goods on credit. 

keke, ^. A shout of joy. 
2. a loud laughter. s:;><3o$ 
to shout joyfully; to laugh 

tedu, s. Mischief, evil. 
2. danger, disaster. 3. loss. 
4. perdition; also 3<>T&. sse; 
evil times. o-b^ evil or 
danger to happen. sfctfo^ 
to do mischief. eo^orfoos to 
wish evil. 

reaofl kedage, kedinge, 
s. A mischief maker. 2. an 
instigator. $3 a bad or 
mischievous neighbour. 
rso^) kenuni (^?^), z- 1 . ??. To 
hear, be attentive to. 2. to 
obey. 3. to ask, inquire, re- 
quest. ^efo3o3o a hearer; 
an inquirer. 

?30 iietu, ketu, s. The 
dragon's tail or descending 
node, reckoned by Hindus 
as the ninth planet. 2. a 
standard, flag. 
i kete, s. A glutton. 

kedu, s. Mud, soft clay. 

^C33C&J kedayi, kedayi, 
^. The flower of the tree 
Pandanus odoratissimus ; 
also ^e^. e^cT^rf a gold 
head ornament. 

cS* kedarummu, j. A 
kind of fish. 

keniru, s. The serous 
matter of a boil. 




kene, s. A kind of yam, 
Arum cavipanulatum. sko 
^J, Dracontium polyphil- 
sds? kepale, see 3?3e>. 

kepijinu, s. A red ant. 

kepu, S. The cap of a 
musket, etc. 

Sj) 5 ? kepula, kepula, s. 
The shrub Ixora coccinea. 
&> its flower. 

FSo kebonya, s. Hot ashes. 

kema, s. A blow, hit, box. 
2. meal, food. 
o3j keyi, see ^oso. 
d<* kerala, s. The province of 

keri, s. A street, lane. 

kere, ^. A kind of harmless 

6530* kerekariji, J-. A scaly- 
skinned leg. 

620J3do kereburu, J. A kind of 


d^o^o3o keremeyi, ^. A scaly 


kerle, s. A sound, noise. 
2. the mid-rib of a sago palm- 
leaf; of. 3&<3. ?5 3eL~ a 
kind of scoop for irrigating 
a field. 

kelqi, ^. The abode of a 

c3 kevaji, ^. A kind of fish. 
3v kevala, adj. Entire, sole, 
absolute, excessive, adv. Very 
much, entirely srab a great 

sinner ^j?S great friendship 

a very poor man. 
kevu, ^. Boat-hire. 3 
>3 a hired boat. cro^So a 

kesa, s. The hair of the 

kesara, ^. A filament. 2. 
pollen. 3. the tree Mesua 

kesave, s. Vishnu, one 
who is worshipped. 2. a 
man's name. 

^" kesu, s. A male's superior 
upper garment, made of red 

r<j?d3 kesari, s. A lion. 2. the 
filaments of a flower, ^oc^o 
3o Spanish saffron. z^ 
the filaments of the lotus. 

??sS^or kesarme, ^^ ^ri^or. 

, kei, J. The hand. 2. a sleeve. 
S.thehandle of an instrument. 
4. a branch or leaf of a plan- 
tain tree. 5. the arm of a 
river, etc. 6. a key. 7. a lot 
of five, as nuts, sheaves of 
hay, etc.; cf. ^oso. -do^r a 
handful; willingly, liberally. 
?n)5 the hands and legs. 
3^ the hand proper, consist- 
ing of the palm and fingers, 
united by the wrist to the 
arm. 3 skofe^the knuckles of 
the hand. oajs?, see ^Xope. 
3^5 as long as the hand. 3 
Sr subject to, dependent on. 
beyond the reach of 



the hand. ^ , &>^ under- 
hand; collusion. so_ the 
arm of a river. rfoso , rfo 
rfo_, ti^ , ^1*. the left hand. 
^S_ the handle of a plough. 
3$ side by side, closely, es 
^ ^zS^jS 09^ sroe3 a child at- 
tached to its mother. 2oa_, 20 
e^_ the right hand. e3?Xrf_ a 
key. ^o^?i_ the ornamental top 
of a pillar supporting a roof; a 
roof projecting from the trunk 
of a tree. 55c ^j ) the palm of 
the hand, ^ooc^ the elbow. 
eSe;^d^r^ lit, to strike the 
hands against the ground ; to 
curse. 30080 handful; libe- 
rally. TT 3\xs> to come to 
hand, be within reach of the 
hand; to be caught. ^ sere 
oaoK ?&$ lit. to be service- 
able for the mouth and hand ; 
to succour, help, as a grown 
up son to his parents. ^ 
sroosoK ^jal:s> lit. to glance at 
the hand and mouth: to 
covet. ^yo^S) to cross or 
tie the hands. ttzs to 
expect or seek help ; to watch. 
_#ot$o\rX ^oc^ogojcj to shake 
or dust off the hand. &azj3 
4*> to join hands, as in 
marriage. =5\eTi:?> to attain, 
gain; to succeed, prosper. 
&abFS> to shake hands; to 
help, assist. 3:1^4$ to draw 
the hand back. ara3os> the 
hand to slip; to slip from 

the hand. 
rn>^^. ~&8e?l>$ to close the 
hands. ^w^a to clap the 
hands; to pat on the back. 
at?^ to stop the hand. 
IH5 oe^ to misplace, miss; 
to place out of reach. & 
rt>$ to settle one's hand in 


writing, -stebs to feel the 
pulse; to observe the palm 
of the hand, as a palmister. 


the hand. a?L$ to dip or place 
the hand on the head; to 
ordain. -^J&FS to lift the 
hand; to threaten; to assault. 
-stes^a lit. to direct the 
hand; to intermeddle; to 
manage a business. ScS^a 
lit. the hand to move ; to be 
energetic or able to work; to 
succeed in any undertaking. 
ccro4s> to move the hands, as 
when busy. Jicdo^ the hand 
to shake. ^ss^sto re-marry 
a widow or divorced woman. 
-33^$ to stretch out the hand 
in order to receive ; to show 
the hand ; to hold by the hand ; 
to marry; to be blessed with 
prosperity. SJDT&N to put or 
thrust the hand into any 
thing; to undertake; to in- 
terfere; to assault; to take 
liberties, as with a woman. 

the hand to get tired. 

s> to grope; to give a 




second coating of plaster ; to 
give permission to eat. >e 
&;os>, _e!>e^$. _ 83?7k to move 
or wave the hand ; to menace, 
threaten. eoorfoba lit. to let 
go the hand; to give over, 
forsake, desert. ecuatfos> lit. 
the hand to fall down ; to be 
unable to work; to meddle, 
interfere, take part. derfoa 
to lift the hand for strik- 
ing. ^o?3<ao$ to prepare 
to fight. ^o^s> to bran- 
dish; to assault; to bargain, 
handsel. ^TC^ON to exchange, 
alter. are-dos to trans- 
gress, violate; to menace. 
_ -rfoj?\odoos> to close the hands 
out of respect, to salute, 
^ooy^a to touch with the 
hand; the hand to reach. 
_;&>do s> to rub the hand. 


_ 4?clio^e;o^ to ease the hands 
after work. 3^$ to press 
or squeeze the 'hand. 4^ 
4s> to ask permission to eat. 
_ e-do$ to go into one's 
possession. ?5^?4^ the hand 
to get weary or exhausted. 
333^03 to strike a bargain, 
to make a cheap bargain ; 
to promise, assure. shocks 
to attain, gain. 

T^piJ^ kei-attil^, ^. Cooking 
for oneself. 

3 kei-akshara, s. Hand- 

W ^A 

^tfff* kei-alu, ^ 

keikanji, ^. Cattle. 
keikattu, J. A kind of 

keikada, ^. A temporary 
loan, without interest. 

. keikashta, ^. Industry, la- 

bour, handicraft, husbandry. 

keikanike, ^. A present 
given to a superior on the 
occasion of a visit. 
m'SD 4 keikaru, s. The hands 
and legs. ^^a to embrace 
the hands and feet ; to cringe. 

&-3-od>, T^ooUo, ^x^od keikin- 
00 <a 

de, keikuntu, keikunda, ^. A 
piece of cloth to handle heated 
vessels with. 

kundelu, s. Poverty, strait. 
JvS'or^O keikudari, s. A hatchet. 

rtfjti* keikudya, s. Shortness of 
ei O 
means. 2. poverty, strait. 

^ keike, see ^3. 

y?vX keikelasa, s. Manual 

labour, handicraft. crooSo a 

manual labourer. 
?^J3r?o^ keikonuni, "'. ^^?. To 

hold. 2. to accept, receive, 

r^JS^S keikori, J. A kind of 

round or long scoop for serv- 
ing boiled rice with. 
rj^JS?^ keikolu, s. A walking 


keikola, s. Handcuffs, 
keikraya, s. Cash. 2. 

purchasing for cash. 




':?" keigantu, s. Money in 

hand. 2. a hand-bag. 
^rlrfF?? keigargasu, J. A hand- 

T&rreS keigadi, .?. A wheel-barrow. 

2. a go-cart. 
j^rras^ keigarike, .?. Manual 

skill, dexterity; handi-work. 
priors keiguna, s. The virtue or 

efficiency of the hand. 2. 

practice. 3. experience. 
^rio^r keigurta, s. A person's 

^SsdJS'ad keicamatkara, s. 

Dexterity, sleight of hand. 

2. manual skill. 
^^^5 S , ^pDs;^ keicalaku, kei- 

calaku, s. Quickness of hand. 
& r5*G* keitapaguru, s. A ges- 

ture made with the hand. 
TsM5k keitappu, s. A mistake, 

slip of the hand. 
^s s3 keitale, s. A hand-rope to 

climb a palm tree with. rb v> 

keitadegy. adv. Towards, 

-^'S* keitalu, adv. Near, by, 

SeioA* keitlngu, s. A hand rail 
for supporting when crossing 
a small bridge. 

keitala, ^. A small cym- 


^^oorf keitunda, 

^vsodc 5 keitudaru, s. A hand- 

^p 5 keidu, s. A sword, sabre. 

2. a prison. 3. arresting. . 4. 

conclusion, end. y^& to 

conclude, end. 5 a?b^ to 
confine, imprison. ^o^a 
to arrest; to stop, finish, ter- 

keidanda, s. An unneces- 
sary loss. 

keidande, s. A bracelet. 
o keidaddye, J. A kind of 
cake boiled in steam. 
^ era 6 keidare, ^. A marriage 

keidi, s. A prisoner. 
sj keidlpa, J. A hand-lamp. 
Coj keidu, see t^5. 
rfcii^ keinambige, -$. Giving 
^r striking the hand in token 
of a promise or assurance- 
^ keine. A nasty woman, abus. 
r^cS* keinenu, ^. The knot of 


a fishing tackle. 

rlf^y keinota,^. Aim t?r direc-. 

tion of a weapon swung by 

the hand. 

3j| B ora ( s :8 ' keipattinalu,^. A wife. 

33!) Ca 5 keipadu, J". Gain, ad- 
j) keipu, J^ ^^55. 

keipude, ^. The name of 
a certain class of Pariahs. 
j) o vJ keipulu, s. A rake. 
^o keipulu, />/. of ^34. 
2 keipe, ^. Bitterness, adj. 
Bitter. 2. envious. &3 bit- 
terness; envy. 3tfo a kind 
of fish. sroO3otTOo5o a miser. 
atfos>, -o^r" to be very bit- 
ter; to be envious, fig. 




' keipelu, 5. Bitterness. 


aJj. Bitter. 
:?!: 2^)? keiperipuli, s. Bitter 

orange of Atalantia mono- 

}4$rc 4 keiponjavu, s. A single 

3^3* keiphetu, s. A plaint, 

=j.^r^ keibadalu, J-. Exchange. 

2. changing hands. riotfo^ 

to exchange; to change hands. 
keibaru, ^. A circle. 

^wjj, keibaravu, .$. Hand-writ- 

keibarkatu, s. The vir- 
tue or efficacy of the hand. 

^^c/^ keibalike. s. Avarice, 
borrowing readily and re- 

turning tardily. 

^x^ kaibale, s. A bracelet. 


^iZCTe)^ keibaji, ^. A small kind 
of chisel. 

^^!B keibittu, J. A handful of 
seed sown on the fifteenth of 
Paggu (about the end of April) 
as a beginning of cultivation 

cf keibirelu, s. The finger. 

^::^"r keibirsu, s. Sleight of 
hand. 2. quickness of hand. 
3 keibile, s. Cash price. 

? '^.^^eJoSj keibudtinaye, s. A 
d-'stitutc, or unhappy man. 
2. a wicked man. 

keibedi, s. A pistol; a 

keibsdi, s. Handcuffs. 

itf?4 keibevu, s. The neem- 
tree, margosa. 

vW-^d keibyara, s. Purchasing 
for cash. 

ido keima, s. A small piece. 
rfotfo^ to chop into small 

keimannu, ^. Fine earth 
used as a rough plaster. 
^SiFS to plaster with it. 
r^i keimani, ^. A hand-bell. 
osSro 6 keimarcelu, JT. Dome- 
stication, taming, adj. Dome- 
sticated. 3 ^?S a tame fowl, 
to domesticate, tame, 
keimada. s. A funeral 
ceremony. ^d^^rf such a 
cerrnony performed with mag- 

js?7 > ~, -^jJ3 ?3 keimasu, kei- 
masa, ^. A slow poison. 
x^k-U keimutta, ^. Urgent 

) eJ 


x do keime, ^^ ^e^a 

x^oi n keimette, ^. A kind of 
ei . 
musical instrument. 

keimosa, J. A slip of 
the hand. 

keiyara, <7^'. With one's 
own hand: by handfuls; wil- 
lingly; liberally. 
,oijss?* keiyalu, s. A dependent, 

an attendant. 

^pi^^Gio keiyyakeiya, <7^-. 
Hand in hand. 

7i keiyyedde, J. The virtue 




or efficacy of the hand. 2. 
practice.' 3. experience. 
joS-ffj^fl, keiyyoppige, s. A 

03% > keiyyoli, s. The mouth 
of a weel. 

c s , ^iDe)^ keiru, keiratu, 5. 
Welfare, health. 2. happiness, 

co3J5o s keirumalu, ^. A hand- 
~.o'" keilu, .?. A spoon, ladle. 

2. the handle of a hoe or axe. 

3. a cluster or bunch of fruits. 
o<35:i_. rbr!>3- the handle of 
an axe. v&Q a bunch of 
plantains. 3jtli$ to fix a 
handle; to put forth a cluster 
of fruits, as plantains etc. 

i^d keilakade. s. The handle 
w '. 

of a ladle pointed towards its 

end. adj. Very thin, as the 

&>cS keilade, s. A kind of cake. 

2. a pigeon hole. 

je>fl$OPj ^po^F keilapurli, 

keilapurli, s. A kind of creeper, 

the flowers of which are used 

in curries. 
3^ a^)$6 keilapulire, .?. A kind of 

creeper; atso v*&35&ff& 
\579?o keilasa, s. The heaven of ! 

Siva. ^rf a loan irrecover- 
ably lost. 

SJ&O keiltari, ^. The feminine 
species of palmyra. 

5^^ keivalya, s. Heaven; 
eternal happiness; beatitude.. 

to attain beatitude. 

S^s> to die. 

keivasa, s. Possession. 2. 
subjection, taming. ?^$ to 
submit; to get into possession. 
rfotfo^ to take possession; 
to subdue. 

iSi)Cs* keivadu, ^. Manual skill. 
VSeiD* keivaru, ^. A pair of 
compasses. 3^)rfo$ to use 

keivodaku, J. Progress : 

8*%A ^,^% keivoppige, 
keivoppu, ^^ ^oSafc^*. 
6 keisere, ^. Arrest, capture. 



A round, 

wooden trough with a handle. 
r&s keisare, s. A Caesar, em- 

s*^ keisala, s. A small or 
temporary loan without a 

P led g e - [a wall. 

JSoZo keisumbe. s. A hole in 

JS'6 keisure, ^. Plundering, 

x?oJ3o?3 keisonne, J. A sign made 
with the hand. 
oo)^^ keihalita, ^. An estimate 

ej ' 

made by the hand, z. ^., by 

handling a thing. 
^So^ keihidi. ^. A vade-mecum. 


2. a warrant for arresting 
a person at once. 

konkana, ^. The Kouka- 
na country. 

konkani, s. The Konka- 
ni language. 



r?; konkane, kon- 
kanye, .$. A Konkani Brahmin, 
konke, s. A hook. 2. 
crookedness; / 3^. adj. 
Crooked, curved, bent: also 
^j^S. 5c3 a crooked field ; 
an isolated field. 

kongij, s. Irregularity, 
crookedness, adj. Bent, curv- 
ed, arched, irregular. 

konga, s. The declivity of 
a mountain. 2. a name of the 
Cera or Kerala country. 
Sorfo^JS kongarukuli, s. An 
irregular tooth; also 

kongi, see &s?c?.. 

kongeru, ^. The lower 
class of Tamulians. 
konci, see ^oosJ. 

J konta, s. Viciousness. 
2. stupidity, adj. Vicious. 2. 
stupid. ^rS a vicious buf- 
falo; a stupid fellow. sutlis, 
_ ec^os> to be vicious or res- 
tive; to limp, halt. 

kontavuni, see 

ejo kontu, se 
o: konda, s. A pit, hole. 
33& a fire-pit. 
/JcCeoj^, $J5oZ32)f3 kondapini, 
kondavuni, see rfoii>83F?>. 
i3oC5a)tJ kondata, s. Praise, 
eulogy, applause. 
JSo^s^j^ kondaduni (^orssS), 
v. a. To praise, applaud, 
glorify, celebrate. 2. to boast. 

kondi, J. A sting. 2. a 
hook. 3. the staple* that holds 
the latch of a door, etc. 4. the 
clasp of a bracelet; also *- 
cf. &srf. 

kondu, /^^/. ^r/. (of $& 
srotios) to put, lay- 
down. 3^5'dos to run away 
with. ^?la to take away, 
carry, convey. -a;E;r^ to 

konde, J. A liquid mea- 
sure, equal to half a seer, or 
dry measure equal to one- 
fourth or one-sixth of a seer. 

2. a hollow piece of a bamboo. 

3. the bush or socket of a 
wheel. 3j an umbrella with 
a small bamboo handle. 

konopini, see 's 

konta, s. Strength. 
kontala, ^. A large boat. 
kontalyuni (*o<f), 
7 1 . . To burn, ache, pain, 
smart; #/.$<? tsUca^cdoos. 

^^ kontana, ^y. Bound- 
less, immeasurable. 

konti, J. A kind of fish. 
o kontu, s. The cross-beam 
of a hand-water-lift. 

konde, . A kind of 

Scd konde, s. The pudding- 
pipe tree. Cassia fistula. 

kondra, adj. Small, little. 
;?? a small garland, rosary. 




kompa, kompe, s. 
A heap. sra^os to heap up. 
komba, ^/. Horned. ^ 
5 the pincers of a crab /. 
fodoB a kind of centipede. 
^e^ a scorpion with shears. 

the thumb. -rfoo.3 a 


kind of cap made of the stalk 
of an areca-nut branch. 
=5^/30200* kombaru, s. A kind of 
cap worn by Koragars. 
kombarunij see 

^ kombikolu, see 

kombirelu, ? 

kombimara, s. A mast. 
kombu, jr. A horn. 2. a 
musical horn. 3. a tusk. 
4. a branch. 5. spadix, the 
tender flowerbud of a palm- 
tree, prepared for the ex- 
traction of toddy. 
the horn of a deer. 

are va- 

rieties of horned buffaloes. 
sie^c&zi the staff of a palan- 
kin. nsoSo one who blows 
the horn; a proud man. 
_sro:ig music with the wind 
instruments. AsosS the dis- 
tance of a horn-sound (about 
two miles). eroa^s to blow 
a horn. &>br?> the horns to 
appear; to become arrogant. 

kombe, J. A buck deer. 

* kombel^, J. A horn 
used by a toddy-drawer to 

soften the flowerbud of a co- 
coanut tree in order to squeeze 
out toddy from it. 
3odoc s kornmar^, see tfaoeoS. 

Sodo komme, s. Corpulence, 
fatness, adj. Corpulent, fat. 
_ ^ajrooSo a corpulent man; 
an arrogant fellow. "stSorfoos 
to diminish, become thin. a 
^$ to get fat, become stout. 
s3ojs5 *?&$ to become very 
fat, as cattle. 

korngi, J. The branch 
or spatha of a sago-palm. 
3oAr-, ^J3orior-sjod korngi-, 
korngu-mara, J^. The Indian 
beech tree, Pongamia glabra. 

a kind of creeper, 
korngu, s. A crane, 

3c?^F kornge, see ^jso?\r. 2. a 
white cock. 

kornde, J^ ^dzS. 

korndu, J". The stalk of 
a cocoanut <?^ other palm 

kokka, J^. The game of 


hide and seek. a?lbs> to play 

at such a game. 

3^,D* kokkar^, J. Koughness. 


6, ^J3=CT,s3 kokkara, 
o" tr . 

kokkare, kokkale, ay. Rough. 

^z ( . On half bended knees. 
83^-5 rough and crooked. 
s'o^^ to sit on half bended 
knees. KTOOSO 3^3 ^ ^^ 
the words are sweet, but the 
actions rough. 





j kokkayi, sec 

^ kokke, .y. A hook, clasp; 

/; &s<t. ss^d speaking 
crossly. "W^s> to crouch. 
_5 ecu-do^ to be entangled, get 
into difficulty. 
-7!T,^8>oSj kokkekiyi, s. The 


fruit of the tree Tabcrnae- 
montana coronaria. 3 rfjrf 
its tree. 

,&$ kokkeri- 
yuni, kokkeruni (^.^5), r. n. 
The hair to bristle or stand 
erect, to horripilate. 

JS^JS, kokko, .y. Boiled rice. 

2. cocoa. 

JSCcjs^ kocakoca, s. Lisping. 

curios to lisp. 
vS^Q* koccaru, ^. A kind of 

black crab. 

koccippadu, koccilu, koccelu, ^. 
A kind of pickle. 
J5^J 5> koccuni (3^ ), r 1 . w. To 

iCT <ia " 

prate, brag. 
=j3io!3 kojanti, J. The refuse 

or offal of vegetables /., 

from which the juice has been 

.0^3 kojante, J-. A thicket of 

thorns. adj. Thorny; im- 

~-B^ii^ kojaku, adj. Over-ripe. 

2. burst, broken. 
~.''^^ kojapu, s. Sour inilk, 


kojapuni, kojepuni, kojelpuni 
(^ar. -. Z], i>. a. To 

spoil. 2. to break, cut. in 

-?.^^;^j ^_7 wj kojameda-buru, ^. 
A kind of creeper. 
JJ^o 4 ' kojaru, ^v 5c: 

kojaluai, kojiluni, kojeluni (^ 

K^, ^35^, t-), .. TO 

burst, break in pieces. 
S^cli kojenti, ^^ 3-- 
^2S kojje, ^. An eunuch. 

ij^jsej kotakota, o^'. Defici- 
ent, short, little. >-^ small 
quantity of rice or food. 20$ 
^s to serve out but little food. 
p. Lid kotare, j^' ^KJ. 

kotarme. see ^y.-Sor. 


kotale, kotale, Jtv 

J3l5. kotta, J- A hut or dwell- 
ing of Koragars. 2. leprosy ; 

a leper, abus. 

to kottaiiji, J. A fruit with- 
out ilesh. adj. Emaciated. 
J2y,o5j kottayi, s. A dried areca- 
uut. 2. contraction, stiffness, 



death. ^w^s. to contract, 
become stiff, die. 

kottarfe, see ^B). 

kottarme, s. Steward- 

3i3e).c3 kottara, s. A palace, 

o . 
mansion. 2. a store-room. 




kottari, s. A store- 
keeper, steward. 2. a sub- 
division of the Stidra class. 

Li 3 f\ kottige, s. A kind of cake 

boiled in steam. 

kottu, s. A spade. 2. a 


cock's comb. 3. a peacock's 
tuft. 4. a veil. SJ^T^O^ to 
cover with a veil. 

kotte, s. The kernel of a 
nut. 2. the testicles. #1% 
5 to harden. Xosso^ to 
3&3,S3rt kotteagra, see under 


55 AJ. 

,.?* kottepijinu, J. A kind 


of ant. 


kottemullu. j. The 


plant Zizyphus xylopyrus. 

kotya, J. A shed, stall. 
> a verandah. do55_ a 

r 5? kotririria, J. A lark. 

kotre, 5, A spade. 

&tio-^ kodankatti, s. A kind 
of sickle. 

kodangu, see ^jsrSc^. 
kodange, . An ear-ring. 

. kodang'ye, s. A buffoon, 
jester. 2. see &at^ under ^ 

.Ju, ^. A large kind of ape, 
a baboon. ?- a devil dancer 
going a-begging in the Tulu 
month of ey& 
JSdou kodande, s. A kind offish. 

kodandelu, s. A snare 
set up for birds. 

JSC^P r$ kodakyana, ^/". Hot or 
strong to the taste. 

J3^rio kodagu, 5. Coorg. & 
the province of Coorg. sp^4 
the Coorg language. tfjs&Tt a 
Coorgman; a turbulent fellow. 

kodapana, kodapana, kodapana, 
.y. A metallic waterpot. 

kodapavuni, c. v, (of 
To weld, forge to- 

Q^o> kodapuni (&a^), v. a. 
To forge, hammer. 2. to bite, 
as a serpent. 3. to peck, 
strike with the beak. 
,ics55kodape, s. A kind of bird, 
the hoop. 

Qd^oo^soSj kodamandaye, s. 
The name of a demon. 

kodari, see tforfa. 

kodi, s. Point, end, ex- 
tremity. 2. a sprout. 3. a 
flag, ensign. 4. interdict, 
prohibition. 3otf a flag-staff. 
3o$ to set up a flag in front 

i. o 

of a temple as the first cere- 
mony of its car-festival. ^ 
u^$ to tie, in the name of a 
demon, a handful of leaves to 
a tree in a forest or planta- 
tion, prohibiting its use until 
their removal. ;&> a flag 
to be lowered as a conclud- 
ing ceremony of a car-festi- 
val. 3^$ to remove an 




ij. kottu 

interdict laid on the use of a 
forest, etc. s^tks to deco- 
rate a shed with cloth, etc. 
^~3> top and bottom ; shelter; 
progeny, issue. raoB issue- 

oSi a vagabond ; an issueless 

l kodipuni (3-3), v. n. 
To bud, germinate. 
J2&d kodire, s. The top-leaf. 
J^j^j koduku, s. The hymen. 
adj. Obscene. 

kode, s. An umbrella. 

3jazicj kodenji, s. The inside 

of the cheeks. 
3j3t3 ;:> koddevi, ^. A kind of 

ca . . J ' 


"C"v^^: r C" ~ T^"** f^i IlOClVailU. i0"* 

o o .*. 

dyanu, s. A small kind of fish. 

^JScI o koddye, ^. A bull or ox 
with a tuft of white hair on 
the tail. *-. a cow with such 
a tail. 

3-i rt^ konaje, J. A fly infest- 
ing the eyes. 

^r^To* konajekallu, J. A 
large rock near Mudabidri. 

3J5r?oj^ konapini, ^^ ^c-rfoeo 
Lr^ under 3^crio. 

~-/-rc'_/, wJtC"?J33 Konale, Konole, 
^. The weed Papsalum pilo- 
sum. -- i3 a bad person. 
l t,^ a kind of bird with a 
very long bill. 

koni, s. A sting. eAtfrfoa 
to sting, dv//. Cunning, de- 

konile, see 

konuni (^- E; ; : ). 7-. ?/. To 
take, hold, keep, in com- 
Pounds with other verbs; as, 
corfo to meet; ^ to hold, 
keep; &3 to take to heart; 
Lrio to recognise, discern. 
2. 'sUoeos (ajpeos) is used as 
an auxiliary verb to form 
reflexives; as, ^JS&PSOS to be 
careful; 3&?,fo& to get en- 
tangled; jitl^jsroo^ to walk, 
behave; ew&sreos to prosper, 
do well. zJo^reo?i to make 
for one's self. 3. for its past 
part, see ^ctSo. 
kone, ^^ ^^. 

> konopini, J 1 ^ ^-?oti> 

*- [hit. 

jad^ konpini (^^). :. n. To- 

j^.c^3, ^JS^ozSo kottambari, 
kottamberi, s. Coriander, Co- 
riandrum salirum; also 3& 

_ _ 

sro^re an ear-ornament of 
gold, strung with small corals. 
s^ kottala, Jftf ^5,^, ^aa^d. 
Sa^^ kottalakatte, ^. A 
police station. 

kottalige, ^. A palm 
branch stripped of its leaves. 

kottavale, see ^s^3. 

kottala, J. A bastion. 
2. bulwarks. 3. a trough. 
4. a stone pavement. 
sfJp kottu, s. A mark showing 
the limit of a liquid measure. 




kotte, s. Trash, dirt. 
d kotvale, J. A police of- 

SCjcSJ, =j3doe3r\ kodanti, ko- 
dantige, s. A wooden hammer. 
cs 6 ' kodadu, s. A chopping- 

Scj>o kodame, s. A blockhead, 

kodi, s. Greediness, eager- 
ness. tfoi&S), axs-dos to be 
affected with the evil effects 
of greediness. X^s to take 
away the evil effects of greedi- 
ness by charms. soo^s to 

^ kodipavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to boil. 
^Jsaojjj^) kodipuni, 
kodiyuni (&8t>), z'.w. To boil, 

, ^jscl^o* kodipelu, 
kodupelu, s. The act of boil- 
ing. 2. lisping. -aroS boiled 

3CJOocokodumbu,^. Thecyrnbi- 
form sheath of a bunch of 

kodde, s. Stammering. 
2. lisping. aroosoirooSo a 
stammerer; one who lisps. 
sc3 3% jac3c. s/ koddelu, kodye- 
lu, ^. A highly seasoned soup 
of pulse. 

konale, konile, see 

kone, ^. A point, end, ex- 

jssl koppa, s. The hut of 


the lowest grade of Pariahs 
called "Marimanseru" ; cf. 

d&d, ^JSs^D koppara, koppari, 
s. The dried cocoanut kernel. 
S^Ori kopparige, ^. A caldron, 
boiler with a wide mouth. 
2. hidden treasure. Ite^S) 
to discover hidden treasure. 
Ssle; koppala, s. A cocoanut 
garden. 2. a village of cocoa- 
nut gardens. 

asl^o^ koppalipuni C^ 33 ^), 
r. a. To gargle, rinse the 

koppu, ^. A female's upper 
earring. ri SoXrB its screw. 
S^ koppe, J^ AO^. 

^JSUO kobari, kobbari, 
see ^A^- 

^sSj, komme, J 

^jic^j i.oya, #dfo. Over, out. 

=^j30Jj^J30Jo koyakoya, adv. Ex- 
cessively, exceedingly. dX^s 
to have copious perspiration. 

jso3Jo35) koyimpuni, ^^ tf^o^^. 

^J303oo200nJo^j koyimbusulu, s, 
A sigh, long breath. 3^s>, 
_&)o5Ls to sigh. 

> koyipini, J^ ^^s. 
koyilu, j. Reaping. 2. 
harvest. 3. a small paddy 
field; cf. &e3oa3. -^^ to 
begin the harvest work. 
SOfo^Sj, koyilatta, s. The pad- 
dy paid to a reaper as wages. 




koyilatti, s. A scythe 
ur sickle. 

..js2 koyile, s. Pudendum 
muliebre. ci&o3oo$ to become 
pubescent, to menstruate. 

j^2j koyyuni, sec &?b>. 

koyyusulu, sec 3& 

oO s koyyelu, s. Harvest. 

koyyolu, .s. Bivalve 
shell, Mytilus. 

kora, adj. Brief, short. 

JSCci:' korantu, s. The kernel 

0r stone of a fruit. 2. the 

cashew nut. s'uj.s the ker- 
nel to be formed in the stone. 
korandi, see 


To pretend to eat, handle food 

reluctantly. 2. to pick, as 

lice from the hair. 
=^JSdo33 korampe, s. A bruise, 

contusion. 2. a welt; cf. ^-rfc^. 
j3dc2JO korambara, awfc'. Abun- 

dantly, plentifully. wrf^ 

to eat heartily. 
^J2doi korambi, J. A kind of 

=-'^0^0* korambilu, s. A pro- 

tection for a creeper, especi- 

ally for one of a small kind 

of cucumber. 

-.'~3 korambu, s. A groove 

shaped umbrella, made of the 

leaves of the dammer tree. 

2. a rib. 
^JSoo^t korambe, s. A swamp. 

koraguni, see 
korage, s. A man of the 
Koragar caste, a tribe that 
feeds on carrion and whose 
women wear lerv 

, ?rjsc/iij koraji, koraju, s. 
A serpent charmer. 

koradu, ^. A log, stump. 
a piece of sandal wood. 
2. see ^^brs. 

koradi, see 3j&&r. 
korade, s. A pollard. 

^J?di korati, korate, ^. 
Defect. 2. want, need; /". 

koranu, ^. A kind of fish. 

?w^^j korapalu, J. A Koragar 
woman. 2. a female's name. 
3w35> korapuni, ^6' ^.tr" 

ci^dkorape, korapele, 
. One who snores. 

korapelu, ^. Snoring. 
koralu, J 1 . An ear of 
corn. 3o,^_ a small or wither- 
ed ear of corn. ^^crf^_ an 
after-ear of corn. 
korale, see 3rt$. 

korasandi, sec 5o^roS. 
koralu, ^^ ^"d^. 
korale, s. Cold, catarrh; 

koru, i 1 . A bar of metal. 
a bar of gold. 
jsdjort korungu, ko- 
runge, see ^oXor. 

kore, '/<//'. Weak. 2. small. 



korengi-, korenji-, koreji-inara, 
&o'r Fo&d. 

^C^JO^ korejuni (&83), 7.'. #. 
To make a uoise. 

J3wo^)^ korepini, kore- 
puni (&S-3), '. 0. To bark, 
roar. 2. to bore; cf. Tta3!b$. 
korevuni, ^ ^o3ojoo$. 

korkal\i, J. A kind of 
^JSc^F korji, see a?sSr. 

^JSF, ^JS^F kordi, korde, ^. 

A whip, scourge. 
^j?ST3reJ korpata, ^. Giving, 

=5J33DF4> korpavuni, c. r. (<y 

^!;F&) To cause to give, to 

give through another. 
-.' _-> korpini (^*^), ^. . To 

give, grant, bestow. 2. to 

beat, flog. 
^JSdojrs 1 kormuka, s. Startle, 

sudden alarm. 

^JS^FcQ korsandi, see s'orirca. 
T?J3s; kola, see AOS?. 

-7 r cjo^ kolambe, J. Marshy 

^^=5* kolaku, ^^ ^js^. 

^Jivir kolake, j 1 . The third crop 

of rice. 
^JS^sSo kolame, s. A very deep 

pit; an abyss, hell. 
^.^d, ^J32:?o5j kolave, kolayi, 

s. A clasp. 2. the metallic top 

of a cane. 3. a hollow tube. 
it^~, kolike, s. A clasp, hook 

and eye. 3o-3 the upper end 
of a female's garment tuck 
up into her necklace. 

kole, ^. Murder. 2. .? 
od _ =sr^ continual hard- 

shi P- [paddy field. 

3s3oc3 kolenji, ^. A plot of 

koleji, ^. A kind of fish. 
kolke, see ^sir. 

kolkori, .?. A long- 
legged fowl. 

kolci, J. Setting on edge. 

kolcuni (*^), ^ . ^. 

The teeth to be set on edge. 

Ji<5 kolde, ^^ ^jaftr. 

JS^tf, ^JS^^, ^JS^d kolta- 
le, koltile, koltule, ^. A cross 
beam. 2. a clasp. 

P kolnine, s. A candle made 
of a piece of cloth twisted 
round a stick. 

)^kolpavuni, c.v. (of ^ 

To fasten; to touch. 

kolpu, ^. A sprain. 2. 
the cramp. 

kolpuni (^^), z'. . To 
stick, cleave, come into col- 
lision. v. n. To touch, reach. 
SS^kolme, s. Nicety, delicacy. 
_3 *?< delicate workmanship. 
S^adj kollataru. ^. A kind of 


small fish. 

S|) kolli, s. A bay. 2. a fire- 
brand. a? a firebrand used 
for a light. 

sl koshta, ^. Leprosy. TO 
o3o a leper. 




kosaru, sec 

2. sec 

r* -r- . S r* c** rz2 ^ "T-"^ 6:5 Tmovolrnni 
-t Pv r.~J Y , ~J3rj3,V Ji.OSraE.OUl, 

O y' ^ / 

kosrali, s. A perverse dis- 
position. 2. tale-bearing. 3. 
an ill-tempered man. 4. a 

JS^o^ kolambe, s. A drain. 
2. a bath. adj. Decayed, 
putrid, stinking. 
^J3^=5* kolaku, .s. Nuisance. 

adj. Filthy, dirty. 
=$J3^ kolake, see &ae;3. r-g ra j n 
kolaga, ^. A measure of 
s^ kolaci, j". Buffoonery; mi- 
micry, jeering. ^u^fj to 
mimic, jest; to play tricks. 
^J3v3* kolalu, ^. A fife. 

kolala, j 1 . War, battle, 
kolave, see 
r^ kolpu, see 
kolli, set 
^ konke, see ^^z^. 

A^^t. konkekanda, s. An 
uneven field. 

:f(ofo*" konganiiu, s. A squint 
eye ; cf. tat& 

^Ji^oA kongi, J 1 . Ridicule, jest, 

mockery. ^Uoa, rfo^OvS) to 

make fun. to ridicule. 

^JJ^oSo konca, s. Extravagance; 

cf. T&sed. _ s'Uo 3 to be ex- 



kontu, Jf6' t?js?ct3o. 

kontangelu, s. Hob- 
bling. <//. Lame. 

kontavuni, c. r. (of 
To halt, hobble. 
'Jo kontu, s. An angle, 
corner, crook. 

kontuni (^eoS3), t 1 . w. 
To halt, limp. 

J3^oc3 konde, s. A stick to which 
fruits fc. are studded. 
JS^og, ^J^orf^ kondra, kon- 
dru, ^. Boasting. 

kondri, ^<? rooaj. 

JS^o^os? kombule, 
kombule, ^'. Soft, delicate. 

2. young. 

^JS^ koka, i\ The game of hide 
and seek. -?^s> to play at 
such a game. 

j2?s)OSo kokayi, s. A bill, beak. 
_ cro^So a quarrelsome man. 
CT> f a quarrelsome woman. 
_ ero:>F$ to rub the beak; to 

^-2? 3 33^3 kokilegili, s. A sing- 
ing parrot. 

^J5^r\d, ^X^sii kogile, kojile, 
.y. A cuckoo. 

$&, ^JS^ koca, koce, s. 
Boasting. ^^4-, -^--vain- 

=aJS^ koci, s. A kind of mask. 
3? maskery. *u^s to 
put on a mask. 

^JSei^oZo kotariji, s. Sexual in- 

tfje^UsS kotale, s. Pain, sick- 
ness. 2. the chicken-pox. 

3. hardship, distress. 

ij koti, s. A crore, ten mil- 




lions. 2. remembrance, re- 
collection. 3. the name of a 
male. 3^3 by crores. s? 
&s to recollect. 

koti, s. A store, goclown. 
es a salt store'. 
3ol> kotiya, see &s?Wg- 

kotu, s. Losing a game, 
vlg. e?&$ to lose the game. 

to defeat. 
kote, s. A fort, fortress. 

kotya, s. A kind of sail- 
ing vessel. 

kodu, s. A horn. 2. a 
pod. ^% the milk-hedge, 
Euphorbia anliquoniin. 
kodangi, J 

kodadabbu, kodidabbu, 
kodedabbu, .9. A demon wor- 
shipped by Pariahs. 

kodi, adj. A lot of twenty, 
a score. 

kodi, s. Corner. 2. a 
place, quarter. o^iBoi-- fire- 
side. a^^ the hind part of 
the fire-place in a bathroom. 

kodu, see T?jseS. 

kode, adv. Yesterday. 
an upstart; a young, 
inexperienced man, a griffin. 

kona, ^. An angle, corner. 
2. ^^ fo>er. Sj_ a triangle. 

kone, ^. A room, apart- 
ment. 2. a corner. 
S^cJ^ konedappe, ^. A female 

koneriraye, ^. A 
demi-god. [stone. 

* konkallu, ^. A corner 


kotale, .?. A kind of fish- 
ing net. 2. a straight grown 

koti, ^. A monkey. ^?M, 
the pranks of a monkey ; mis- 
chief. -^y^s to be silly, 

kodanda, s. A rope sus- 
pended in schools for punish- 
ing boys. 2. a bow. 
kodle, see &3?u3. 

3^ kona, ^. A kind of sweet- 

koneriraye, J^ ^? 

kopa, J. Anger, wrath. 
to be angry. a^^i?> 
to provoke. 

&^sratf kopara, ^. Buffoonery, 
low jesting. 

3^3l kopi, kopishthe, 
s. An angry man. 

kopinu, j 1 . A piece of 
cloth to cover the privities. 
kopu, ^. A cup. 
kope, ^. A string of fruits, 
fish, etc. 

O koma, s. A crowd. 

aJS^o!3^ komati, ko- 
matige, s. A class of mer- 
chants. 2. cunning, craft. 
3. a rogue. c^oSo a rogue, 
crafty fellow. 

komana, s. A piece of 




cloth to cover the privities. 
2. the privities. 
S^ook komaya, 5-. Home-sick- 
ness. 2. attachment. 

komare, s. An oracle. 

komala, adj. Tender, 
delicate, young. 2. pleasing. 
^rfoeS komale, s. A handsome 

oo komu, .$. A crowd. 
kora, ^. Measles. 

kora, tf^'. Rough, not fine. 
2. curved. 3. harsh, jarring. 

^ocwo unbleached lawn cloth. 
w& a curved tusk or fang. 

-3DX a discordant song or 

S^uoSo korariji, s. A kind of 

uSJoB korapanti, .?. The fra- 
grant grass, Mollngo cerm- 

korayi, ko- 
rayi, s. A basin. 2. lameness, 

, adj. Lame. 53 
a lame leg. 

koravuni (^C^D), z'. . 
To halt, limp. 

kori, J. A fowl, cock. 
2. poultry. 3. a kind of ladle 
for serving rice. eseoiS a 
small bean, dolichos. ^w 


es^ cock-fight. ssS 
the right foot raised against 
anything. -^.aW^ a kind 
of medicinal plant. 

an entertainment with fowls. 
^ ^ a chicken. rf ^w^, 

rf ^B a cock's comb. rf 
A^J a poultry -yard. zJ^ 
a kind of preparation of fowl. 

toero^5 a kind of fish. ^ 
55 A)o^oS) to stand on the 
right foot. ^yo^S) to get up 
a cock-fight. ^e3^a to crow. 
_ 3ccix>$ to crow fast and 
lustily. ssS a jungle fowl. 
adooix- a teal. 3e a short 
legged fowl. 

S^S^, =&3^ korike, korige, 
s. Hope, desire, wish. 
2?do> koruni (^eS), r. . To 
desire, hope expect. 2. ,s&? 

kore, ^". Curved, bent; 


korji, ^. A measure of 
grain, consisting of forty-two 
muras of rice. ^^ by 

3^eJor kortu, s. A court of 

korde, see ^ar. 

korte, ^. Preparing a 
field for sowing; also Sc^^ 

k6lu, ^ 

kola, s. A devil-dance. ^ 
w^s> to assume a mask, to act 
a devil-dance. 

^=3*^ kolakalli, s. A kind of 

fobsb kolayi, <?^. In lines. 
_ o?La to place in lines. 




kolata, s. A game at 
which persons make alternate 
motions and strike mutually 
short sticks in each others' 
hands. txoon$ to play at 
the above game. 

j^oD3o^ kolahala, s. Pomp, 
display. 2. din of war. 

-7^3 koli, see 3? 5. 2. uproar, 

i?yj kolu, s. A stick, staff, 
rod. 2. a sceptre. 3. a mea- 
suring rod about two and 
half English feet. 4. a kind 
of black oyster. sfrrf?io , TTO&L- 
a king's sceptre. %>$ a 
rod with a handle twisted with 

3^'gs>6, kolukare, s. A peon 
in general. 2. a peon whose 
duty is to measure salt. 
e^oods* koludalu, . A kind 
of white ants. 

J^os^O kolubeli, s. A fence 
of sticks. 

Ji $ 3 kole, aw/. Hollow, sunken ; 
cf. ^j?e^, &es?. ^c^s a sunken 
eye, a large eye. 

J? o?\ u kolkare, 


ja^Cl kolde, J^ 


kovi, ^. A gun, firelock; 

kovilukatte } ^. A 
mule ; cf. sostfrf^ . 

' J _O 

kove, ^-. A mould. 2. a 

kovetemma, s. Hoop- 

ing cough. -3^?A a disease 
of the bowels of children. 

kovemullu, s. Bar- 
leria longiflora. 

i kosa, kosha, s. A 
glossary, vocabulary, diction- 
ary. 2. the scrotum. S5c^ 
the stomach. 

, adj. Oblique, squint. 
a squint eye; cf. 

ri, kosumbari, s. A kind of 
condiment made of pulse. 

kola, s. The stocks. 2. 
see ^ja?<y. 3. a veil. rfozS. 

to put in stocks. 
) kolambi, ^. A broad 

koli, J^ =&se8. 
kolu, ^^ ^jseew. 
kole, ^. A kind of cake. - 

Q koikuri, ^. A kind of 
sheep with fatty posteriors. 
koipini, f. a. To cut, reap, 


o koyyolu, ^. Chopping. 
si^ a species of the vege- 
table Amaranthus tristis. 
Bjp* koilu, ^^ T?joaj^, ^5. 
S^cJcn 9 " koiserangu, s. The 
mode of wearing a shawl by 
a bridegroom. 

kounca, adv. Topsy-turvy, 
upside down. z&&>$ to up- 
set, overturn. 

i'*" kountu 



kountu, kountu, s. 
Rancidity, adj. Rancid; see 

i, koun- 

duni (TfSoO, Tf3c5), r. . To 
become rancid. 

ocaJuZo koundurasa, s^S. 

o^)^) koumpuni (^=), '. #. To 
bury. 5^04 &3h a burial 
ground. ^cs^oSo a grave- 
digger; a term of reproach. 

ffisanige, s. The scarf-skin, 


's^rl^ koucanige, s. A kind of 


koutu, see tfSoO. 

'tPc^uro koudu, koudurasa, 
. A cancer on the cheek, 
koudi, s. A cowry. 

>ei koudige, koude, s. A 
cowry ; Cyprcca moneta. 

>d koudige, koude, s. A 
milkman. 2. a man bringing 
contribution for temple feasts, 
koudurasa, see 

3 kourave, s. A descendant 
of Kuru. 

koure, s. A hailstone. && 

% to hail. 

DJ koulu, koulu, s. A 
special agreement. 2. a docu- 
ment granted by government 
to a cultivator etc. 3. the 
voucher of a vessel. 

kouli, see 

^d koule, see tf?*. 
^^sj kousala, ^. Happiness, well- 
fare. 2. skilfulness. 

kousige, s. A name of the 
sage Visvamitra. 
AJ^ kousalye, s - The mother 
of Rama. 

^T^ kouli, koulige, J. A 
drinking vessel. 2. a bundle 
of twenty or twenty-five. &&? 
"3d a bundle of about twenty- 
five betel leaves. 

koulu, s. Odour, scent, 
smell. 2. a kind of perfume. 
3. stench. 4. the cheek. 

o koule, koulye, 
o<B kyati, see ara 
kyadage, jt 
^3^ ^ kyalu, i. Diligence. 2. de- 
votion, attention. 

=5^0 kratu, s. A sacrifice, ob- 



^o krama, s. Order, method, 
regularity. CC?N irregular, 
disorderly. ^jst>-d, ^rfjsS re- 
gularly, in order. 

=^OJo kraya, ^. Price, value. ratf 
a buyer, purchaser. eleO 
a deed of sale; also 7^33. 
srerorfo settlement of price. 
_ 3jo& buying and selling; 
traffic, trade. -^u^S), riotfo^ 
to fix the price. 3j;xU>Xo ^ja 
^rS) to sell. ^joSjsXo d^ to 

5^C3 krana, sec Xj^r. 

=0=3,^ krani, s. The erruptive 
kind of rickets. 

x* ) 




o- ^si) krittima, s. A trick, arti- 
fice, deceit. 2. sorcery, 

krimi, s. An insect, worm. 
S- o3j kriya, kriye, ^. An 
act, action. 2. daily religious 
ceremonies. 3. obsequies, fu- 
neral rites. 

3 kriyapada, s. A verb, 

ora^j^kriyaphala,^. A reward, 
as the fruit of one's deeds. 
Qfoe>Dd?sr3 kriyaviseshana, s. 
An adverb, gram. 

%d krlda, kride, s. Sport, 
play, amusement. 
k3 kruta, $<? ^)^. 
?oO krussu, s. A chair; 6/. 

krussu, kruje, s. A 

^ti krura, s. Wickedness, 
cruelty, adj. Ferocious, ter- 
rible. &3, 3 cruelty. 
efrorf cruel disposition. 

^ kreiste. s. A Christian. 


^^krodha, s. Wrath, passion. 

Sj^jd krodhana, ^. The fifty- 
ninth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

^ krodhi, s. The thirty- 
eighth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

krounca, s. A curlew. 2. 
a mountain in the Himalaya 
si klupta, adj. Brief, short. 


2. fixed, determined. 

kha, The fifteenth letter 
of the alphabet. 

kharija, J 1 . A kind of grass. 
oc3 khanda, s. A piece, part, 
portion. 2. a continent. 3. a 
chapter. &%>& to fall into 
pieces, ^otfo^ to break into 

khandane, s. Division. 2. 
dissertation. 3. criticism. 
_ -rfos?^ to divide; to decide, 
settle; to criticise. 

. khandabatte, see 



khandi, s. A weight equal 
to twenty maunds. 2. see 

khandita, adj. Strict, se- 
vere. 2. positive, true, certain. 
adv-. Strictly; positively. 

To cut into pieces, to sever. 
2. to refute. 3. to criticise. 
4. to fix, settle. 

khanduga, s. A measure 
of capacity, containing twen- 
ty kolagas. 
odd;^ khanderuni (sooc5), v. a. 




To chip, cut away a small 
piece. 2. to square, make 

khaga, s. A bird. _ -s^ 
Garuda. the king of birds. 

khagola, s. The cele- 

stial globe. 

khacita, adj. Resolute, po- 
sitive, decided. adv. Reso- 
lutely, determinately, posi- 

^j^to khajanuji, s. A trea- 
surer, cash-keeper. 

khajane, s. A treasury. 
2. money. 33fc|^ a cash chest, 
cash box. 

khajji, see X . 

khadakhadi, ^ tfzsafcra. 
khadga, s. A sword. 2. the 
horn of a rhinoceros. ^)X 
a rhinoceros. 

khadiru, *a? *a5- 
^i khani, ^. A mine. 

, SJ^D* khabadu, khabaru, 
s. A report, rumour, news, 
message. 2. caution; cf.3z>5. 
croSmind! take care! cf.'tiv* 
5cro5. ro&, _cro&^ respon- 
sibility, control, management. 

khaya, s. Depth. 
sjd khara ^. The twenty-fifth 
year in the Hindu cycle of 
sixty. 2. an ass. 
Sjrf khara, adj. Sharp, hot, harsh. 

khararic&vuni, see * 

kharancuni, see 

kharabu, adj. Bad, filthy, 

kharamati, ^^ ^^doS. 
kharidi, s. Value, price. 
2. cost. rfjtfo^ to settle the 

6 khare, adj. True, correct, 
certain. ^sotfo^ to prove. 

kharjura, J 
A] fialasi, J 

khalasu, see 
Ai khasi, -^ ^2>. 
^, khastu, j^ ^oJfl- 

khadi, ^. A coarse cloth, 
khane, s. A house, dwelling. 
2. an office. e'orfjsB census, 
population. pi- a printing 

khara, s. A pungent or hot 
taste. 2. soda. <z<//. Hot, 
pungent. a'ts. to burn, feel 

khali, ^//'. Empty, vacant ; 
unemployed. 2. vain, use- 
less. sraStf vain talk, useless 
words. ^^an empty house, 
khavande, ^. A master, 
owner, proprietor. 

khasa, ^'. Own, private. 
_XS. ?\ one's own. ^>^ 
one's own younger brother, 
immediate brother. 
?,, ^khistu, khisti, J^ *^ - 
khudupa, ^. The princi- 
pal Mohammedan prayer. 

khuddu, adj. Own, per- 
sonal. a</f. Personally, 




one's own consent. 

6 khulasu, see ^003$. 
khulla, adj. Open, not 

khusalu, see fowS. 
khusi, .rce 3o2>. 
r^ khusti, see ^o^. 

khuni, .y. Murder, man- 

khula, adj. Bad, mean, 

khecare, s. A demi-god. 
Se^TOS? a wandering 
priest, vagabond, vagrant, 

khodi, .$. Failing, defect, 
fault. 2. a simpleton, adj. 
Incorrigible, irreclaimable. 
So3 khyati, s. Fame, repu- 

rf ga, The sixteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

rf, rra (mas.), r!s3, ris? Ow.) 
ar^ affixed to verbs in ad- 
dressing Pariahs, as "&v X, so 
fi3 come (man) : eooA^come 

w) V / 7 OO 


, rlorre, rlo^ ganga, ganga, 
gauge, 5-. The river Ganges. 
2. a female's name. XoA3i#5 
Siva, who received the Ganges 
on his head. XoADajre^) pilgrim- 
age to the Ganges. XOTTO^^ 
bathing in the Ganges water. 
orWtf gangara,gangasara, 
. Arrack, liquor. 

* gancakkaru, ^. A hoax, 
humbug. rfo^Ov?), 5 STOT$OS> 
to hoax. S eojsTJo?) to be 

ofc;r3rl ganjanige, s. A frag- 
rant grass, 
ganjani, see 

ganjali, J. A kind of para- 

ganji, s. Gruel, rice water. 
2. starch. 3. porridge. 

garijippu, ganji- 


pu, s. A kind of playing cards, 
ganjuppu, s. Purified 
salt, table salt. 

gantu, s. The ankle. 2. 
a knot. 3. a bundle. 4. 
money; riches. Xosiasmall 
kind of jack fruit. 
^S a pickpocket. 3 
a variety of syphilis in which 
the joints are affected. rfoo^j 
a sealed bundle, -^w^s to 
pack; to amass wealth. ?\ 
to untie, 
to settle a 
debt. sstSos to tie, bind, 
knit. . eojatfoa to form a knot ; 
to come in contact with; to 
attack. sktfo^ to make a 





marriage alliance. eoaSe a 
fabrication, false story. 
L' ganta, see ^c^. 

^ gantapucce, s. A male 
cat; also AC a 

krerforS gantamani, .?. A large 

gantase, .y. Avarice, cove- 
rfo!3 ganti, .s-. A kind of earring. 

i, gantisuttu, s. A child's 
necklace of beads. 
Jo gantu, s. The knot or joint 
of a reed or cane. 2. .src AcE. 
oii^?^ gantusu, s. Stinking i 
produced by breaking wind 

gante, s. A bell, gong. 3. a 
clock. 4. an hour. 5. see 
AC& 53^0-1 to ring the 
bell, strike the hour. 
cz^tioS:) gandukayi, s. Papaw, 
the fruit of Carica papaya. 
2. manliness. 

oE^rUri gandumruga, s. A 

N gandustana, s. Man- 
liness, bravery. 

'rs gandagana, ^. A host of 

demons. 2. a baud of heroes. 

r!o^23?3oo:3-c^ gandaberunda- 


pakki, ^. A fabulous bird with 
two heads. 

rlo^s^j?e3 gandamale, J. Scrofu- 
la. 2. ulcers on the neck. 

rlcCs^N gandastana, see X 

' C gandakshara, s. An as- 
pirated letter. 

gandantara, ^. Danger, 

izsn'sO gandagali, J-. Inter- 
course, intimacy. 2. inter- 
ference. 3. slander, defama- 
tion. 4. a report, ^orfo i 
ADC &BC^ I will have nothing 
to do with him. 
C3e>rijo& gandagundi, s. Au- 
dacity, barefacedness. 

gandi, .?. A hole, opening, 
gap; cf. c&. ^zio^ft to 
bore a hole. 

gandida, ^v socag. 
gandipuni, J^ socario?). 

gandu, ^^//'. Male. 2. brave, 
valiant. 3. large, stout. ^ 
3$ large scissors. 

o gandusu, s. A husband, 
gannya, s. Esteem, re- 
gard, attention. 2. estimate. 
adj. Numerable; honorable. 
rfotfjs^ to esteem, regard, 
revere, care for. 
- gantu, 5 

rto.B, rio! ganti, gante, s. Rags, 
patched clothes. 

ganda, gandha, 5-. San- 
dal wood. S jnt alum album. 
2. smell, odour. S)? a su- 
perior kind of sandal, 
serf, ^e; sandal oil. ^ 
^^ a stone for grinding san- 
dal on. = ^a^S a piece 
or log of sandal wood. 
a cake of sandal powder. 
, a sectarian mark of 




sandal on the forehead. $^ 
the distillary of sandal oil. 
rf 3otf sandal tree, sandal- 
wood. ^J^se3 a sandal paste 
prepared with other ingre- 
dients. e?e3i smearing sandal 
on the person. ?&& spices. 
ggsfcos to smear sandal on 
the person. 

rioi^gandhaka,-?. Sulphur, brim- 

rio^riO gandhagiri, s. A kind of 
timber tree. 

rio$52oj?& gandhamunci, s. Cu- 


behs, Piper cubeba. 
rtaqidr gandharva, s. A horse. 
2. a musician of the demi- 
gods, having a human face 
and a horse's body. ^.e a 
handsome woman. 
rta$?3s>53 gandhasale, ^. A su- 
perior kind of table-rice, 
ganna, s. A sugar-cane. 

gannakatteri, s. A burg- 
lar's instrument; also ^^ 
AO. 2. a deceiver, 
gannya, see Xofsg. 
osj gampa, ^. Mire, mud. adj. 
Muddy, sticky. t^orf a fertile 
paddy-field. -^^ a large 
tract of fertile land. 
o^ed gambhlra, adj. Honora- 
ble, revered, venerable. 2. 
deep, profound. ^ honora- 
bleness ; profoundness. 03 
oSo an honourable man. 
z~i^ gammu, s. A good or bad 

gammatu, s. Merriment. 
2. happiness. c&tfj^ to be 
,cS gakkane, ^. Quickly. 


qj gaggandha, ^/'. Very dark. 

, rlrt 8 gaggara, gaggare, ^. 
A petticoat. 2. a bell-orna- 
ment. 3. a kind of liquor. 

gaggallu, ^. A rock. 
rirtad, rlrlodo gaggura, gagguru, 
s. A kind of curry. 


. ?z. To bark. v. a. To 

^DD^)^) gaggeravuni (A^-OD), 
it', a. To frighten, alarm. 
2. to censure, scold. 
r(o gaggela, ^. Fulmination, 
denouncement; cf. 
r^ ^^ gaggelyuni 
To roar, cry. v. a. To frighten. 

, ri^j gacci, gaccu, s. Mortar, 
plaster. 2. a lump. *o^?j 
to stick fast. 

d gaja, ^. An elephant, adj. 
Elephantine. -rfoosS Ganesa, 
with the head of an elephant. 

, rie gaja, gaje, s. A yard 
measure. 2. a ramrod. ^o 
^ a flag-staff. ^w^ a stan- 
dard in purchasing elephants. 
&s?<yo a yard measure. 
ga.Jantu, see ^rioS. 
gajagaja s. Jostling, jolt- 
ing. 2. trembling. 

gajani, J. Poor or infertile 




infertile land. 


S^ gajapuni, see 

td* gajalu, adj. Confused, dis- 
tracted. 2. filthy, foul. 3. 
rough, not fine. 8 a foul 
or rough sort of rice. 
a filthy place. 
gajaluni, see 

ga'alpuni, -sw XtSeo^a. 
gajalu, #<//. Boasting. 
r!:3r( gajige, .?. The Molucca 
bean, Gnilandina bonduc. 
'-, ga]ipuni (Xs2), v.a. To 
-ten, strengthen. 
:: gajibiji, s. Complication, 
entanglement, confusion. 20 
^4 bad hand-writing, scrib- 
bling. -rfjsXr a miry road. 
ri^D s gajiru, tttt Xa53. 


rtzS gaje, Jt^ A a;. 

gajekampa, ^. A stick 
for flogging. 
ajeni, see 

gajepuni, w 

gajeluni (Xs26), 7-. n. 
A sore to form or suppurate. 
^?> gajelpuni (X^5), v.a. To 
cause a sore to form or sup- 
3 gajji, s. Itch, scab. S^D 


. XaS r^ 

O Si 

ej^ ^^ he who suffers from 

L--I Cw 

itch has no shame. 

gajjira, s- The marsh date 
tree. -tzZ>- its fruits. 

r(^ gajje, sec * . 

^j ^ 

rteJ gata, j^ r^w. 

rteJrtU gatagata, s. A gurgling 

noise, as produced when 


rikJrii gatani, see ^o^rf. 
rlL^ gatta, J^ v^. 
rteJ.r, rieJ r^r^, ri^.clgattani,gat- 

Til / 

tanige, gattane, s. The founda- 
tion of a building. 
rieJ.3 gattale, see 3^3. 


rtS3. gatti, rt^'. Firm, secure. 
2. solid, hard. 3. clever, able, 
strong. CT09 a narrow, thick 
chisel. ^e;^ substantial 
work. STOOSJ a loud speaker, 
a talkative person. ^uo^^ 
to coagulate, curdle, freeze. 
i^a to hold fast. rfo 
tf^fc to make strong, fix firm- 
ly; to bake a kind of cake; 

'/ *% 
rtfilrtel gattigatti, s. Clot after 

fij SO 

clot, clod after clod. adj. 
Very cloddy, very hard. 

gattige, s. A clever man. 
X^X^ji cleverness, ability, 

gattiyuni, gat- 
)**. a. To wipe off. 


r(e3 gatte, s. A kind of cake. 
2. a clod, lump. 

rtfe3, gatle, ^ ^y,3. 

gadusu, adj. Powerful, 

strong, able. 2. clever. 3. 
brave, firm, gallant. 4. se- 

vere, strict. &3 severity, 






strictness, strength; ability. 
_ trooSo, X5;3 an able or wealthy 

r? gadangu, .?. A godown, 
store-room. 2. a toddy-shop. 

o^s3 gadambale, s. A poison- 
ous snake. 

3, rt^ri gadaka, gadaga, see 

gadakka, awfo. Suddenly. 

gadagada, ^. A chattering 
noise. t$oXo$ to shiver, 
tremble with cold. 

gadabadi, ^ XaeSS. 

rtGDOSJgadayijgadayi,.?. A 
long pole with spherical bells, 
shaken in temples; cf. XX d. 
2. a hillock, hill. -* the 


name of a rocky hill. 

f gadasu, s. A heifer, young 

gadabaji, s. A rocket. 

2. an independent person. 

3. heedlessness, recklessness, 

& gadi, s. An incision, cut. 

2. the half of a cocoanut. 

3. a limit, boundary, frontier. 

4. authority, power. 5. ap- 
pointment of a headman or 
chieftain. e>3otfsi_ a piece 
of mango-pickles. -6^ a 
boundary stone, land-mark. 
__s>a, c&a nomination and 
appointment of a headman 
with certain privileges in a 
demon shrine. ^5 banish- 
ment, transportation. 

to banish. 

^Lrs> to appoint a head- 
man. crocyoNto transgress, 
violate the bounds. srotSosj 
to make an incision, mark 
out a tree to be cut down. 
&s>5- a slip. e^^bXra the 
boundary of a land. 

gadige, s. A small earthen 
ware, a pot. 

gadipuni (XS), 7'. 72. To 
agree, harmonize, be in uni- 
son. 2. to suit, be con- 
venient. ^ 33 j Xa^oS 

D . o 

a house black with smoke 
will not suit, (said of a rest- 
less or fickle-minded man). 
^jse^o^K Xa^sS they do not 
agree together. 

gadibidi, s. Bustle con- 
fusion, disorder, tumult, dis- 
turbance, ^o^o) to bustle; 
to disturb; cf. Xe>s3. 

gadima, s. A large piece 
of any thing. 

crijs^ gadiyalu, s. A watch, 
clock. traoSo a watch- 


gadiyuni, see XS^a. 

gadu, J. A term, fixed 
time 6>r place. Xti> periodi- 
cally, now and then. a?Ls>, 
to fix a time, 
gaduvady, J. Halt, stay. 
a halting place, 
gadustana, s. Bravery, 
manliness. 2. power, strength, 
greatness; cf. 




ri<i gadda, s. The chin. 2. the 
beard. 35 5 &a ?os> to 

-" CO 

entreat a persoa by taking 
hold of his beard in token of 

rteofo gaddayi, -y. Compulsion, 
force, adj. Compulsory; also 
A^-D cm _3i ^3 compulsory 
work. -JS'y^s to compel, 

rf3 gaddi, J* 5^. 


rid gadde, J. A bulbous root. 


2. a lump, clod. 3^$ to 
coagulate, curdle. 
ri;?a?3 gadsutana, see X^oJ. 


rirs gana, s. A flock, host, multi- 
tude. 2. a retinue, train of 
attendants. 3. 'a class of 
spirits. 4. a foot of three 
syllables. 5. a number, arith. 
6. series of asterisms class- 
ed under three heads, ~^ 
human, ^tx^ infernal, and 
i3e^ divine. -3 Ganesa the 
leader of Siva's retinue. T\Z 
3 evil spirits, ^z^ angels. 

rlrscx* gannanu, s. A tinkling 

rtre^s3& ganakalepini (Xre^eS), 
7'. 11. To be pensive, thought- 
ful and sad. 

J ganagati, s. Leg orna- 

janane, s. Regard, esteem. 
2. calculation. 

rtr?v* ganasu, ^. The link of a 
chain. 2. a hook. 
" ganalu, j-< 

i i ic<y<= ganita, s. Arithmetic, cal- 
culation, adj. Counted, num- 
bered. -3do arithmetic. 

^ ganipuni, sec 

, Xorf 

r!r?o*' ganilu, s. Tinkling. z? 
^a to tinkle. 

rifl gane, s. A pole, staff. 2. 
an arrow. AssjSd- a tum- 
bler's pole; cftt. 

rfff^, rieles! ganesa, ganese, s. 
The chief of demi-gods and 
remover of obstacles. He is 
invoked at the commence- 
ment of auspicious cere- 
monies; also Xre^. 

rtoo ganya, see X 

ris* gatu, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, trouble. ~^5 t2oS x5 
y-j^> he is done up by work- 
ing continuously. 

rfs gata, adj. Past, gone, ante- 
cedent. 7&$ to expire. 
aS?rf suicide, extinction of 
life, ^^e intention, wish. 

ri3 gati, J. Destiny, fate, fortune, 
condition. 2. protection, sup- 
port. 3. means, resources, 
income. 4. motion, course. 
^ae^j means and family. 
^j8?^)iroo3fC3^So a poor, help- 
less man. sfi.t? a down- 
ward course; perdition, enn 
^<S r ~ an upward or 
ward course; salvation, 
the progress of time, 
the motion of planets, their 

j gatu 



influence on the human desti- 
ny. c5o5 a bad condition; 
future misery. ^j>^ fate, 
destiny. zbtfo^ to help, 
show means ; to make funeral 
ceremonies. o3c^ 5_ -who 
will protect 0r save me ? <oc^F 
CTO??_ what support have I? 
what is to become of me? 

7\B pQ3 I have no means 
or support. 

gatu, see X. 
rid gada, see Xd 

rtdrid gadagada, J. A crackl- 
ing noise. tsssorft to burn 
or blaze with a crackling 

gadaru, s. A lump. 2. an 
object of love. 

gadipuni, see to$s. 
, rtdo^gadukuni, gadkuni 
(X5), -v. n. To lap, jolt. 
.rid gade 5. A weapon; a club, 

rido gddala, s. Confusion, dis- 


turbance, noise, rfotfo^ to 
make noise, to reprove, re- 
buke; to exhibit magnificence, 

D^) gaddavu gaddavu, 


. An earthen plate. 

gaddavuni, c.v. (of~*&> 


To shake, move, rock. 
gaddige, ^. A throne, seat 
of honour. 
do> gadduni (X5), ^. . To 

O W 

shake, quiver, be agitated. 

o gaddya, s. Prose. -^ 




prose and verse. 
gadhe, see Xd 
gana, -^ v^- 

ganagatti, j. A tinkling 
article. 2. anklets and toe- 
ornaments. adj. Powerful. 

gannakatteri, see Xo 



gapu, j. Concealing; sup- 
pression. 2. misappropria- 
tion. el 13, sJ?^ silence, 
quietness. -rfo^ft to hide; 
to misappropriate. 

rtsJe^s^ gapalatu, ^. A lie, false- 
hood. 2. shuffling, as cards. 
3. misplacing. 

rtsS, rf^, r(o^ gape, gappi, gappe, 
j. A lie, falsehood. 2. a hoax, 
humbug. ax>a^, 55^0$ to 
tell a lie; to hoax. -rfo^ft 
to hide, conceal, suppress. 

rtsS gappa, <z^". Silent, quiet; 


c/. XsS. 

rtzorizo gabagaba, ^. Gulping, 
swallowing. Ss^ft to gulp, 
swallow up. 
gabba, J^ X^r. 

agama,^. Fragrance, 
odour; ^/". XcSo. 

gamatu, j^ Xo^5o. 
gamana, J. Going, moving, 
motion, course. 

?/ gamasu, ^. Fragrance, 
odour. 2. stink, stench. 





gamasun -o, v m n. 
To smell, scent; stink. 

:?c!j)o) gamayisuni (X^>reO3o 
oJ), 7'. 72. To be fragrant, 
odoriferous. 2. to strike, flag. 

meyuni, gameluni, gamevuni (X 

3o, X3o, X3o), SP.H. To be 

hot, feel hot, as in a fit of 


i> gaya, see 3odo. 

gaya, s. A place of pilgrim- 
age. zx>35 the people of 
Gaya ^e^> the sacred 
place at Gaya. 

gayaju, adj. Prodigal, 
extravagant. &3 prodiga- 
lity. Xojre^ an extravagant 
woman. Xotos? an extrava- 
gant man. 

gayilu, see *#. 

, rid, ridrid gari^, gara, gara- 
gara, s. A whirling noise, 
turning with rapidity. 35o 
Xo$ to turn round with rapid- 
ity, as a top. 

garakena, adj. Clean, 

garagari, see X5. 
^ s garagasu, 
garadi, ^ 
garade, ^ 

^r 1 garamu, adj. Hot, warm. 
. Heat, warmth; cf. Xsor. 
zSosted spices for curry. 
j^ garaste, see X^^. 

garabu, ^^ ^ca^S. 
gari, ^. A wing, feather. 

garm, ^ 

ime, 5. Severity, strict- 

rfOOJoj) gariyuni (XB), ^. n. To 

break off, give way ; cf. 
rfO^W* garibu, adj. Poor. 

a poor man. 
rfdo garu, J. A rafter. 2. a 

mould; cf. ^tfo. a^;. Rough. 
ridort garuga, see XXr. 

r^dod, rldosS garuda, garude, s. 
The son of Kasyapa, having 
a human form, with a bird's 
bill and wings, and described 
to be Vishnu's vehicle. 2. the 
Brahmany kite, eagle; also 
zi-Sjj. X'rfo'rfsrosoji a wooden 
form of Garuda, used to carry 
an idol in procession. Xtforf 
5^0$ a post 6r pillar in front 
of a temple, with the figure 
of Garuda on its top. Xtfo 
&vA3 a seat of an idol with 
the figure of Garuda zrosstf 
a kind of bush, Ophiorrhiza 
mungos. s^sa'tf a drag to 
catch things under water; an 
outer part of a palm-leaf. 

rfdoa^y. garuputta, s. A crucible. 


rid gare, s. The shaft of a 
country water-lift; cf. ^3- 
_ g ;3etk a broken tile. 

rtdoirey gareyata, s. A kind of 

garodi, s. The shrine of 

rid. garra 




the demons called tS^exir. 
2. a veranda. 3. a fencing 
school, gymnasium. steqS<3 
gymnastic exercise. 
rid,c2 garrane, j^ XtfXtf. 


rte~ garka, aafe'. Suddenly. 

rtrtr garga, ^. A kind of medi- 
cinal plant, Eclipta erecta. 
rfrtForf garganda, #<a^'. Profound, 
2. thick. tf^rf thick dark- 

rfrtFoSo gargayi, adj. Half-ripe, 
half-grown, as an arecanut 

jtf gargasu, s. A saw. -rf 
the teeth of a saw. 
! garjane, s. Roaring, -3o 
s to roar, bellow, 
garji, J. Need, necessity, 
occasion. ri ^P^f 7 a time of 

garti, ^. A married woman. 
2. a chaste or continent 

^rsFG* garnalu, s. A mortar. 
2. a bomb, cannon. 

garpuni (X5), ^. a. To 

garpelu, s. Scooping, 

garba, see XF. 

garblja, J. A melon, the 
fruit of Cucumis melo. 
^F garbha, s. The womb, ute- 
rus. 2. pregnancy. 3. embryo. 
-_a?3, _;cb<y disorder in the 
womb; colic. e?l>&, cr\)o 
^35 to be conceived. 13$> 

to cause abortion. 
to miscarry. X^r 
_ 3^$ to be afraid ; to touch 
the vitals. 

qJF^oo garbhasuti, s. A web 
of cloth woven with red and 
black thread. ~>~3&<5 a 
turban of this kind. 3>?8 
a female's garment of this 

tpFc^ garbhini, s. A pregnant 

^D^ garmasale, see under 

idojF garmi, garmu, s. 
Heat, burning, warmth; zeal. 

garyuni, see Xaodx>$. 
garva, s. Pride, arrogance. 
crooSo a proud or arrogant 
man. i&tfo^ to be proud, 
haughty. ^w^$ to subdue 
one's pride with effort. 

^ garvi, garvishte, s. 
A proud man. 

rte^rbej* galugulu, J. A rumb- 
ling in the stomach, 
riorta galagala, s. A noise caused 

by bracelets. 

rtawo galabu, s. Tumult, con- 
fusion, noise. 

rtasSo^ galamena, see X3^. 
rt^?io^ galasuni (X), v. a. To 
use, employ. 

galasu, s. A tumbler. 2. 
a swinging glass lamp. 

^ts 5 galija, galiju, j. 
Dirt, filth, nuisance. - 
s to soil, make filthy. 



;:D ganja 

galibili, ^. Disorder, con- 
fusion, tumult; anarchy; cf. 
_wta to be confused. 
^ to disturb, 
ii galime, s. Acquirement. 

*,, rtaj, galuku, galku, 
galku, ^. A noise produced as 
when sinking or diving. 

galjuni (AOJ, i'. a. To 

^i ^^ 

confuse, disturb. 

^ galti, s. Error, mistake. 2. 


galpasu, see X^<o. 
galmena, s. Freshness, 
briskness, vigour, 
gallu, w* X<ys. 
galla, 5. The lower part of 


the cheek. aj;3 whiskers 
on the lower part of the 
cheek; also Xe^e^. 
3. rtew galla, gallu, s. The 


gallows. XeS^Xo 3^>tio^ to 
hang, execute a person, 
galli, s. A. street. 


i gava, ^. Sense, sensation, 
consciousness. 3^s> to be 
out of senses, be disturbed, 
gavala, 5-. A handful, mouth- 
ful. 2. a buffalo's horn; 
also tfsSe?, *ai^. 

Xrlri gavasanige, s. The case 
<?r cover of a fiddle. 
> gavi, s. A cave, hole, cell. 
^Q gavudi, ^ 

^^o gavutama, see 

gaule, see ~' 

gavya, ^. The product of a 
cow. adj. Of or belonging to 
a cow; cf. zlodXdo. 

3, gavve, adj. Very tender. 

gasant^, j^<? *- 

siTlSj gasagasa, s. Coarseness, 
roughness, adj. Coarse, rough. 
adv. Coarsely, roughly. 
tflbs to grind coarsely, 
o* gasary, w ^^5. 
Aj gasi, s. The sediment of oil, 
pickles, etc. 

?3oi>j> gaseyuni (&$)> "' 
To rub. 

S^ gaseni, ^. Difficulty. ^//'. 
Narrow, strait. 

^ gasti, ^. A patrole. -TO^J 
a patrole, watchman, 
to patrole. 

galagala, s. A noise, as in 
drinking fast or by shaking 
a cocoanut. 

galamena, see Xe3 6 . 
galasuni, see Xo^s. 
galige, ^. A fold, crease, 
wrinkle. 2.see&v*. -X&^z 
to arrange folds. 3oo^ to 
fold, double. 

rttfj, rt^ galu, gale, ^^ A^J. 
rl^^galpasu, s. A halter round 
the neck, a noose. 2. death by 
hanging. 3. a lie, falsehood. 
v'j. galpu, see x. 


c^Dganja, ^. Tlie hemp plant, 
Cannabis saii-ca, whose leaves 
and fructification are smoked, 



rraeo g5ba 

or ground in water and 
drunk for inebriating pur- 

ganti, s. A kind of sweet- 

SOE*, rrsodo gandu, gandu, s. 
A coward. 2. a man without 

ocsejrv 3 ^ gandagouji, s. Much 
fuss, much ado. 

gandiyuni, see OTI^S. 

, rY->o^gantu,gan- 
tara, gantra, s. Depth, adj. 

gandaye, see ADrcroo3o. 

e)o>>gandari, gandini, 
s. A roving woman. 
rreo >, ganvti,^^/'. Local, country. 


rrertj gagra, ^. A child's petti- 

, rra&j gaji, gaju, 5-. Glass 
ware. 2. China ware. 3. see 

, AC) 13 gatu, gati, adj. Hot, 

, rrac^ gadu, gada, ^. Tor- 
ment, vexation. 

gadi, J. A bandy, cart, 
coach. AST?, rrocSo a coach- 
man. ^wo^S) to harness horses 
or bullocks to a coach, cart 
or bandy. t3etfo$ to drive 
a cart. 

^oioo^), rrec&o $ gadiyuni, ga- 
dyuni, see ^>^og. 

gadiyuli, ^. A small 


TYS^ gadha, adj. Strong, firm. 
2. excessive, much, great. 

$3) sound sleep. 

rrara gana, s. An oil-mill. 2. a 
sugar-mill. ri <ooB oil ex- 
pressed in a mill. ri ^z3, rf 
Xs? the perpendicular roller 
of a mill. d ^ the ex- 
cavated trunk of a ' tree, 
used as the body of a mill. 

nuoSo an oilman. SJDC&S to 
work a mill. 

ns>r!iri ganige, s. An oil-miller. 
rrerso^ ganuni (T^Fa), z/. . To 

smoke, burn to cinders, glow; 

cf. A^oaos. 
A)^, rra^, n"s3 gata, gataka, 

gati, see y^^. 
rra^, Ai)so^ gatake, gatuge, J. 

A treacherous man. 
rra;^ gatra, ^. The body. 2. a 

member 0?* limb. adj. Stout, 

rraa$,'rraaa gadini, gadivi, see 


^ gade, gadhe, s. A pro- 
verb, adage. 

gana, ^. Psalmody, music. 
oothe science of psalmody. 
gapu, see AS 200. 

gabadi, s. A leak, hole in 
a vessel. ssilio) to repair a 
leak. e^Ojfc a vessel to leak. 
, rraQ gabari, gabiri, J. 

Perplexity, confusion, alarm, 

perturbation. ?&$ to be 
perplexed, alarmed, confused. 
to alarm, perplex. 





rra gabi, s. Darkness. 
rre3, rre&ioS gabidi, gabudi, 


, rra^ gabu, gabe, .y. Agita- 
tion, commotion, disturbance, 
ferment. 2. rumour, ASS?? 

00 rumour upon rumour. 

gabri, J^ AsaiS. 

gamini, s. Confluence, 

Cij gaya, ^ ^Q*>. j- dan> 
.Asinger, musi- 

gayatri, s. The most 
sacred incantation of the 
Brahmans, namely &c 2fc>sp>or 

?i gayana, J. Singing, mu- 
rrao garn, ^'. Dry. 2. hot. 
-*ot$ a dry field. -Ls> to 
be dried, heated. 
rredfl, A^dfS garane, garane, s. 
Whitewashing or painting 
walls, etc. &str?>, -CTtias, 
zSo^s to whitewash or paint 
them. [ or fritter. 

rradri garige, J 1 . A kind of cake 

garipuni, see ASO^S. 
gare, J. Lime plaster, a 
composition of lime, earth, etc. 
gare, An affix of nouns 
denoting profession, employ- 
ment, etc.\ as, ^ocktf a horse- 
keeper. tJ3&_ a backbiter. 
ao^ a seller of bracelets. 
- a liar. 

gandakattale, gargattale, 


, rrar garsanu, gars, 
s. A store, provision. 
~ J 7 ^o?c3* galumelu, ^z'. Head- 
long. topsyturvy. 
gala, w^ AD^. 
gali, J. A wheel. 2. m' AS. 

5oXo& the wheel to turn 
round. Trekzi a cart wheel. 

TTsS^)^ galipuni (^>e), f. . To 

strain, filter. 
rrsOoJoo^i, rra^^i galiyuni, ga- 

lyuni (ABC), t 1 . 72. To be 

strained, filtered. 
rra>^j> galisuni (TTOC^), p. a. 

To separate grain from re- 

fuse by washing. 2. to strain, 

rrasj^gavale, s. Jugglery. -cscSo 

a juggler. s^o conjuration. 
gavu, ^. Heat. 2. fomenta- 

tion. 3. glare; t/". S34- 

avuda, ^. A stage or 

distance of twelve miles. 
rra?ogasi, s. Fatigue, exhaustion, 

toil, pain, trouble. 2. the state 

of being emptied. 3. end, 

termination, death. &l~& to 

be distressed, wearied ; to be 

confused, dissatisfied. 

gala- s. An angle, fish- 


gali, s. Wind, air. 2. 

breath. -XoS a falsehood. 

U a paper kite. rf^rd^^, 
rio an unfounded rumour, 

rras? gali 


Aci gidde 

a false report. 333^0$ to 

fan. 23?&o$ wind to blow. 
rras?c&o>, rre> galiyuni, ga- 

lyuni, see Aac&>o$. 
AoS, Aod^, Ac^ gindi, gindya, 

gindye, s. A goblet, small 

metal vessel. 
AoFse:* ginnalu, s. A goglet, cup 

of bell-metal, 
gimpu, see f^>^ 
j, Aodoj gimma, gimmu, see 

gijaru, gijjaru, 

*tf oel. 


gijigiji, ^'. Soft, pul- 
pous. s, A chirping noise. 2. 
a rattle, toy. -^ the shrub 
Crotoloria verrucosa. 
-^S, gijibiji, see X^838. 
oO^ gijiluj s. Confusion; also 
j\33eto. a^". Confused. -5 
^?b?i to become confused. 
gijja, ^'. Thick, full. s. A 


heap, mass, crowd. 

, h^, A^ gittu, gitta, gitti, 
s. Scoria, dross of smelted 
iron. 3TOil>s> to repair an 
earthen vessel with its paste ; 
cf. *.. 

J e3 

3. gitta, adj. Proximate, near. 
gitte, see *Ej. 

gidungu, giduku, 

giduge, gidage, see 

gid^pu, see 

gidupuni, see 

gida, ^. A shrub. 

a medicinal drug. 

^ gidaka, ^^ ^. 

gidi, 3-. The falcon or hawk; 
an eagle. e?u a kind of 
game. -tSedoa to play at 
such a game. ?re& a black 
eagle or hawk. 3?orf_ a red 

gidipuni (^5), p. . To 
make fast. 

r\&)Q> gidibidi, s. A small drum 
played by turning it up and 
down in the hand. 

gidiyavuni, c.v. (of 
To cause to run, to 
drive, race. 

&odjo> gidiyuni (>S), v. n. To 
run. *.S*poao&r5> to attack 



d gide, s. A partner in a game. 
2. see &&. t>3zj> to choose 
a partner. 

% gidku, s. A stopper, cork. 
2. a mouthful, draught. $?5 
a mouthful of water. 
A si gidke, s. A blind or screen, 


made of palm leaves. 2. a rib. 
Arf gidda, adj. Small, short. 
33 smallness. 
, Ado giddi, giddu, s. A short 




giddele, gidye, gidyele, s. A 
dwarf, short man, 





hs? gili 

T\i3> gidda, s. A kind of tonsure. 
gidderu, s. A race-buffalo. 
gidpu, -S". Thickness. #?/. 
Thick, stout. 

d? gidye, .s. A kind of cock. 
adj. Short; <:/. t^. 

gidyedayeru, see f\ 

gn, -^ **. 

Acfe ginigini, ginilu, ^. 
The tinkling sound of a small 

gidijpuni, giduruni, giduruni, 
gidruni, sec t\^r^. 

gidipuni, see ^asg,^. 2. see 

gidpu, ^. Loosening. 

, ADI;^) giravu, giravu, s. 
Epilepsy ; also T\Ti&3j3?7t. ~t> 
^s to suffer from it. t>o& 
a kind of epilepsy. 

, rra^-S- giraki, graki, j. 
A customer, purchaser. 
"3r<3 giragati, s. Family af- 
fairs. 2. influence of evil stars 
upon one's fortune, fate. 
giri, s. A mountain. 

girikolu, see Tv&serew. 

girigi, s. A female's under- 
dress of striped cloth. 

girigitti, s. A child's toy, 
with wheels whirling round 
by means of a string between 
them. 2. a kind of gambling 
by turning round a ball, dot- 
ted with figures, in a plate. 

AShO girigiri, .s. Creaking, adv. 
Quickly, speedily. SScXoa 
to turn round with great 

> giridupopini, see TV 
2. see ?\5o3oo$. 

giriyantra, s. Ruin. 

AOoiraiigiriyata, s. Wandering; 

hsoi)j> giriyuni (^&), v.n. To 

wander, roam. 2. to suffer 

from giddiness. &3 to be 

hOoSoeS giriyele, s. A wanderer, 


DMrlrn tPP 7\S 

liAU, Ott \^. 

s; s girkalu, ^. The smallest 
fraction of a coin. [peg. 

girkolu, s. A wooden 
girpuni (^5), v.a. To 
loosen, untie, break, pull 
down. r s^ to pull down a 
house, v. n. To be loose, be 
pulled down, to break. 
zooFZSeJO girbudari, s. Fate, 

gilumbi, sec sS^- 
gilikitti, see 8-a3fc5 J . 
cS, A, gilku, gilki, s. Fear; 

gili, s. A parrot; <:/". T\rf. 
^j^o, a kind of mango. ^ 
S7>3, ^3^4s5 kinds of ear- 

$AS? giligiji, s. A jingling 

2 giligejje, s. A necklace. 





gilimuku, s. A hooked 
nose. 2. an ornamental carv- 
ing on door posts. 

gicuni O<?2*), . 0. To 
draw lines, to rule. 2. to 
scratch over with a pen, 
scrawl, erase; cf. -S-e^s. 

gltu, s. A line, stroke, 
mark, narks to draw a line, 
gltu, .sr *1. 
gita, -y. A song, hymn. 

, f^Co glru, giru, s. A 
scratch, superficial wound or 
mark, slight incision. 

glruni (*S), #. a. To 
scratch, wound slightly by 
the nails, etc. 
gllu, see *e. 

gisuni (^eo), z/. a. To 
pare, strip off, shave, scrape, 
to shave the head. t\$te 

a barber. 
glsuli, see -3-e?^. 

i gunge, j. Mould, downy 
substance 3^$ to mould, 
get mouldy. 

gunji, see XjsoeS. 

ki, rtooiJ, no o^3 gunta, gunti, 
gunte, see Xjacy. 

guntake, s. A bastard. 

gunda, ^. The idol's apart- 
ment in a pagoda. 2. a 
closet, small room. 3. a kind 
of cake or pudding boiled over 

gundala, s. An ear-orna- 

,^. Sapping 
the foundation, undermining, 

gundi, s. An abyss, gulf, 
great depth. ^cFicrooSo one 
with deep or large eyes. 

gundige, s. The breast, 
heart. 2. bravery, courage. 

gundu, s. A ball, bullet, 
anything round, adj. Round, 
globular. ^^ a grinding 
stone, roller. AssB a pin. 
do^o round. *ftj a necklace 
of large gold beads. SSD^ 
guess, surmise. sjatSos, 552 

to fire with a bullet, 

gunduli, s. A round 

gunde, s. Courage, adj. 
Round. rooso the heart. 

gumpu, adj. Secret, con- 

gumpu, s. A flock, as- 
semblage, crowd, multitude, 
heap. ^jszsa^s to collect, 
to assemble. Xoo 

in crowds, flocks, 
gummu, -^ Xoc-^x 
o^o gumma, J. Stench, stink- 
ing. 2. a quick, sharp noise. 
&L& to make a sudden, 
sharp noise; to stink. 

gumma, adj. Unequal, 
irregular. 3o?? an irregular 

o^o^3, rloosiisS gummate gum- 
made, s. A statue of Buddha. 
2. a kind of drum. 




gummu, s. A noise pro- 
duced, as in firing a gun. 

2. cooing, as a wild dove. 

3. a cuff, blow. 

orfjj> gummuni (XocSo), v. n. 
To blow, cuff. 

gumme, s. An owl. 2. a 
bugbear. .:? a kind of 
fish. X^os to hoot. 7^5 
c$ the nave of a wheel. 

gummeyuni (XooiSo), 
. To rise. 

gUinSU, .? AO^XJTiD. 

r gurmpe, gurmbe, 
. A pond, pool, puddle. 
or gurmbu, see 
gukki, -sv 

, - a- 

53* guggilu, s. Damp soil. 
gugguri, s. Soaked grain. 
gugguru, s. A small in- 
sect infesting grain or corn. 
rto^ guggula, s. Bdellium, 
a fragrant gum of the tree 
Bo swell ia glabra. 

guci, s. Buttress, stay. 
gucci, see ^o^_. 

, riots s)3*, r^o 
gujarani, gujaranu, gu- 
Jaru, gujara, ^. The mode of 
passing time. 2. livelihood, 
living, life. sij^a to live 
according to one's means. 

rL^j guji, guju, ^^//'. Short 
and stout. 2. whispering, 
speaking in an under tone. 
-^ocB, _Xoo a stout dwarf. 
talking in whispers. 

gujuguju, s. A boiling 
or bubbling noise. &- 
to bubble up. 
guje, see AO:|. 

gujjanige, s. A metallic 
oil-pot with a tapering mouth. 
<S gujjane, j. Quarreling. 
gujjari ^7(//'. Fruitful. 


^S gujjare, ^. A native of 

gujji, 5^ Xo3r. 
eS, rtotjj gujji, guj.Ju, s. A 
pole cr post fixed in water. 
2. conversing in whisper. sv> 
to fix a pole in water. 
gujjiru, <(/. Curled. ^o 
, ^3 curled hair. 
rtoeB gujje, ^. A tender or half- 
ripe jack-fruit. 2. a kind of 
buffalo. 3'vX a very tender 
jack fruit. Q?s the fruit 
of Artocarpus incisa, bread- 

rb!3^ gutige, s. A kind of drum. 
o^o gutuka, gutuku, 
5. A single gulp, a draught; 
cf. *Sj. 

guttu, J-. A secret, mystery. 
2. one's private affairs, adj. 
Secret. osoSj a reserved 
man. z^s to find out a 
secret, to trace. ska^s to 
consult secretly. 
gutte, sec ^. 
guda, s. Coarse sugar. 
gudadi, sec 



riora guna 

cSvT* gudaku, s, A narcotic 
composition of tobacco and 
other ingredients, used for 
smoking or snuff. 

gudana, s. A large vessel 
with small mouth; cf. XG^F. 

gudara, s. A tent. 
gudi, ^. A small pagoda or 

&rrac! gudigare, s. A turner 
and cabinet maker. 

gudigudi, see XoiliXoa. 

riots', rfo&ro3 s gu- 
dicilu, gudisalu, gudisilu, s. 
A hut, shed. 

gudidi, see 
^o gudisi, W* 

gudumbu, .s 1 . Gulping. 
2. the noise of anything fal- 
ling into a well etc. 

S gudugudi, J. A hubble- 
bubble, hooka. 
zi>rt>cao gudugudu, s. A rum- 
bling noise, as of thunder. 

2. a noise made in smoking 
tobacco in a hubble-bubble. 

3. a noise made in shaking 
a cocoanut whose kernel has 
dried within. a^oeoo, see &5o 

gudusu, see 
gude, see tfozS. 
, rwtl gudku, gudka, 


rio^.-rto^j, gudkugudku, 

Hastily, hurriedly. 
rfoci, gudke, ^. A crooked man. 

2. a small earthen vessel. 

gudcilu, see 

oSri guddumallige, s. A 
short, thick kind of jassamine. 
gudde, ^. A hill. e^oeoo a 


kind of mushroom. so^s^s 
to ascend a hill; to forget 
what is learnt. 
rtadeJj guddetti, j. A kind of 

Q> wJ 

small prawn. 
rto^e5 guddele, J. A cultivator, 

ftid-&$ guddamu, ^. A blow, 

cuff, box. 

rioc^ Qc>sJvf guddalamu, s. An arti- 
fice, expedient, shift. 2. fraud, 
deception. 3. a kind of mint, 
guddi, J-. The stopper of a 
small phial. 

s3 gudyale, see Xoz^<3. 
gudsi, ^. The embodied form 


of letter ^ or ^?, as in -S-. #e. 

gudsilu, we XoaeJ. 
^j gudsu, ^. A kind of broom. 
2. a fetid smell, stench. ti 
oso L& to stink. 

gudsolu, ^. Hitting 


from a distance. S3s3o$ to 
hit <?^ strike from a distance. 
rt>rs guna, s. A quality, pro- 
perty, attribute. 2. temper, 
disposition. 3. excellence, 
merit. 4. moral or physical 
improvement, recovery from 
sickness, restoration to health. 
5.use,-advantage. Ase^good 
and evil. . 3o an excellent 
man. ?$ to recover from 

rte gun a 


rtocfc guddu 

sickness; to win, gain. 
tfOj?) to derive benefit. rfo^ 
$ to cure a disease; to 
decide in one's favour. 
jcs^ gunaka, s. The multiplier, 

lagare, gu- 

nadige, s. A good 0r virtuous 
man. s a virtuous woman. 
ros^d gunakara, ^. Multipli- 
cation. "rfo^cS to multiply. 
r3i gunita, see Xrf3. 

nitonuni, t'. refl. To 
be pondering, thinking. 2. to 
be calculating, reckoning. 
or5S gunipuni (Xorf), z/. a. 
To multiply; to calculate. 

orby^, rteortorao gunugu- 
ttu, gunugunu, s. Murmuring, 
muttering, grumbling. 

gunuguttuni (XroXo 
, i'. n. To mutter, murmur, 
rumble also XoreoXoreo 333 

fl gunpanne, s. One who 


rijrso gunya, ^. The multiplicand. 

gutta, 5-t'^ XoL^, Xo^a. 

n^d guttadare, ^^ XO^TOTS. 

cio guttaya, s. A stipulated 
supply, as of liquor. 

gutti, sec ^3. 

ri guttige, j. An ale-house, 
liquor-shop. crooSo the keep- 
er of an ale-house or liquor- 

guttinaye, s. A Bant. 
2. the holder of a manor or 

landed property with certain 
privileges attached to it. 

rijaJg guttu, s. A manor-house 
with certain privileges at- 
tached to it. 2. a leap, 
jump. 3. a stride. rooSo, 
see XoS^scSo, _ a ? l;s> to take 
strides. eroXooS to jump. 

rt> la 33 8 guttedare, ^. The hold- 
er of a monopoly, a liquor 

rb^o guttruni, see Xo;&s>. 

^_9 oj 

ri-dcl, rtad^ gudane, gudane, j. 
Solanum pubesccns, a kind 
of thorny shrub used in medi- 
cine. TOQSO its fruit. 

rt)>r\ gudige, s. A club, cudgel. 
^^ a blow, hit with a 
cudgel. s^, resorting to 
force, transgressing law. 
gudipuni, sec soa^s. 

gudugudu, sec Xoaio 
jrf c=* guddanu, J. A long pole. 

if lost it will be a stick, 
if gained it will be a mango 
(said of a doubtful enter- 

guddali, see Xoe2. 
guddalu, s. A worn out 

rijuiD o eJ guddata, gud- 

O *o 

dyata, s. Boxing cuffing, 

guddu, J. A blow, box, 

cuff. ^> a stone used by 




toddy-drawers, a pounding 

riorfo gudduni (^^), ?. . To 
box, cuff, beat. 

rtodJS guddoli, s. A kind of 
pickaxe. ?3cK a kind of 
sweet potatoes. 3cJ\ a kind 
of fish. s^os to burrow, 
dig ; to dig a pit as the first 
ceremony of the Moharam 
festival; to ramp, leap and 
frisk about in play. 

rtodP 3$$ guddolipuni (Xod^e), 
v. a. To dig with a pick-axe. 
j gunugunu, see Xoreo 


fczjg gupita, gupta, 
Hidden, concealed, secret. 

guppun AG, ? 
pour, shed, spill; also 


rt>33, guppe, s. A heap. 

rfo)^ gubita, see Xoba. 

rb\, rlocS, gubbi, gubbe, ^. A 


stud, ornamental knob. 2. a 

button. 3. see Xo83r. 
rio^cf^j gumusu, -y 
rio^osS gumate, J^ 
r(o^Je)^ gumana, ^. Doubt, sus- 

picion. 2. regard, notice. 

_ 3oo^> to suspect; to take 

notice, attend. 
roJ3> gumani, adj. Suspicious, 

doubtful. KN suspicious 

riodJeir^rl gumastige, s. Clerk- 

ship, writership. 

gumaste, s. A clerk, 
writer. 2. an assistant. 
dooriosiio gumugumu, s. Noise 
of a multitude. a^-dos to 
box, cuff, beat. 

dookb gumutu, s. Fighting, 

gumulu, s. Fire burn- 
ing in embers. 

gumuluni, isapTftSaorfidft. 
^j gumusu, s. A stroke, 

Cuff, box. AalbFS), srotliS) 
to strike, box. s^ ajoeS Xo 
doorfo^ ^js^r ^sej mind, I will 
slap you, if you do not look 

r?osi>j?fo> gumusuni (AO^OO^), 
v. a. To box, strike. 

riodo, gumme, J^ AJO^O. 

gurumpe, J. A temporary 
reservoir in a dry field for 
the use of crop. 2. a puddle. 
i).> guraguttuni, see AO 

gurane, s. The snarling of 
a dog. 

guri, J 1 . A hole, pit. ^z 
to dig a hole, a pit or a grave. 
ts guri, s. An aim, mark, butt. 
2. liability, responsibility. e? 
&s> to be liable. &&ts, X 
^s to aim, mark. 

gurikare, see Xotro^. 

gurigumpu, .y. Uneven- 
ness, roughness. 
Qo&^tf guriyala, 5-. A game of 
the Pandu princes. 



co guru, s. A spiritual pre- 
ceptor, teacher, guide, priest. 
2. the planet Jupiter, Bru- 
haspati. adj. Heavy, weigh- 
ty; venerable. crozifetf the 
instruction given by a Guru. 

ffsrf^ a present or gift to 
a Guru. ~3 venerable per- 
sons. s&, 33 the position 
of a Guru; respectability, 
dignity; heaviness, gravity. 

jsrf the foot of a Guru. 

$0 devotion to him. 3o3 
his house or residence, espe- 
cially of a Lingaita priest. 
-GJ^JJ heavy and light; great 
and small. sro-d Thursday. 

?3?3 service due to a Guru. 
-^s^s to get a blessing 
from a Guru. 

gurumpu, gu- 
rumpe, see XOO^F. 
riodoo23 gurumbe, s. Anything 

guruku, see Xo^or. 

iootS gurukuriji, 
guruguriji, see XoXoroaS. 
rfo do^o e3o,) gurukuttuni 

13^), ^. n. To snore. 2. to purr. 
3. to coo. 4. phlegm to rattle 
in the throat. 5. to roar. 
guruke, see Xo^r. 

i). guruguttu, s. Snoring. 
2. see XoceoXouo.. 
djrlodo guruguru, s. Snoring. 
2. the rattling of phlegm in 
the throat. 

guruta, sec 

gurutva, see under 
guruda, see Xonijr. 
gurubi, J. A sparrow ; cf 

guruvara, s. Thursday. 
gurepuni, see 

To hit a mark. 

gurrukorepuni (Xo 

, r\ n. To bark, growl. 
2. to snore. 

gurkallu, ^. Standing 
steadily or motionless. 

yisuni, gurka 
z 1 . . To frown, knit the brows. 
2. to grunt, growl. 3. to 
menace, frighten. 4. to snore 
=a^Fi3 gurkare, s. Ahead-man, 
foreman, manager, master. 
a a mistress, matron. 

rte&Frto^oF gurku, gur- 
kugurku, s. Roar of a tiger. 
2. grunting of a pig. tku^S) 
to roar, as a tiger; to grunt, 
as a pig. ^sss> phlegm to 
rattle in the throat. 
^OF^^ gurkuttuni 
v.n. Togrunt. l. 

gurke, s. A very large 

rtoFos3, rtoriJ5Foz3 gurgunji, 
gurgonji, s. The seed of the 
country liquorice, Abrus 

gurji, s. A temporary 
halting place for idols, deco- 

^r gurta 



rated with leaves, flags etc. 
2. a temporary shed covered 
with awning for offering ob- 
lations to the manes of the 
deceased Sudras. adj. Fine, 
small, short, little. ^o?3r 
offering rice etc. to the manes. 
^u^a to erect a temporary 
shed decorated with leaves, 
flags etc. 

sF gurta, s. A mark, sign, 
token, symbol. 2. acquaint- 
ance, recognition. e?t$ to 
become acquainted. &&<%& 
to identify, recognise. &? 
as>3i to point out. a?fba 
to mark. 3^ a to describe. 
_ zi^s to recognise. srotSos 
to sign, make a mark. 3o 
"s^a to note, mark. 

gurdu, s. Sounding lead. 
2. a buoy. 3. a post planted in 
water to mark the spot where 
a net is spread. sstka to 
fathom water ; to plant a post 
as a mark. 

F gurbi, ^. A sparrow. o 
Xa_ , 20:3 oso the ordinary 


sparrow. 3sB a species of 
sparrow which builds a hang- 
ing nest. 

gula, s. Condensation. 2. 
condensed sugar ready for 
putting in forms. 

rfo ere zoo gulabi, gulabu, 
.y. A rose. 33$, 03$ a 
goglet for sprinkling rose- 
water. N?S rose-water. 

gulamali, J. A buffoon, 

gulame, s. A slave. Xo 

slavery, servitude, 
s;* gulalu, ^. A crimson 
powder used at the Holi 
festival; also sfr$>. 
crimson colour, 
guli, see Xo. 
gulumbu, see 
gulkandu, ^. Confection 
of roses. 

e)od>o, r(od_ gulma, 
gulmavayu, gulme, s. A disease 
of mesenteric glands ; a kind 
of colic. 2. see XoSc3. 

> see Xo^oo. 

gulla, s. A kind of small 
mollusk. 2. see Xo^. 
gulli, see **\. 

gullu, ^. A great noise, 
shout, uproar, 
guile, j^ XOH?. 

^ guvelu, J. A well; cf. ero 


rb?do gusu, ^. A whisper. Xo 
yo a, _Xo?i)ojD^do?) to whis- 


per, lisp, talk in a low tone, 
gussuni, see Xo^a. 

guha, ^. A name of Gana- 

>ooe)>od)) guhanipuni (Xosua), 
v. n. To meditate. 
2o guhe, j 1 . A cave, cavern, 
grotto. 2. a den, lair. 
oS guheli, see Xo3<5". 




gula, ^ 

guli, s. A pit. 2. loss, ruin. 
3. end, death. -O^s to sink 
in, disappear; to fall into 
ruin ; to die. ^otfo^ to ruin 

gulige, s. A pill, globule, 
bolus. 2. the name of a 
demon. 3. the son of Saturn. 
_3 ^9* a fatal hour, in- 
auspicious time ; a bad omen. 
e9o^tf_ a demon haunting the 

rtotfoo, rfo^o^j, rtotfosto 6 gulum, 
guluku, gulumu, s. A noise 
made by the falling of a 
stone etc. into a well. 2. loss. 
3. cheating, fraud. ^^ a 
cheat, defrauder. &^& to 
fall into water; to be lost. 

to defraud. 

o gulugulu, ^. A noise 
made, as in filling a pitcher 
with water. 

, gulla, s. A kind of round 
brinjal, Solanum Jacquini, 

20^^ Solanum fer ox. 

guile, ^. A bubble. 2. 
blister, pustule, vesicle. 3. 

gungu, s. The cry of an 

rtJt-osS gunji, J. The stalk in the 
midst of a jackfruit. 2. the 
germ-matter of a boil. 3X3 
the core of the heart. 

J, r(j5o?3ri gunta, guntige, 
s. A peg, pin, stake. -^*3%to 

make a peg. 

S), l?:Wj^ to drive in a peg. 
guge, j^ AOC&>. 
gucuni, j^ ? Xo^s>. 

gujavuni, c. v. (of XJB 
To cause to ooze, 
ffajuni (A-^), t 1 . . To 
ooze; cf. oxn^os. 

guje, ^. A goglet made of 
cocoanut shell. 

guta, gute, see AJSOW. 
b " gudaku, see Xotro^. 
gudu, s. A nest. 2. a co- 
coon. 3. a bird-cage. 4. the 
hollow in a seal for receiving 
a stone, -^w^s to build a 
nest. <X3d the hollow of 
the chest, 
d gude, .$. A kind of basket. 

rU)d gude, s. Prolapsus of the 
anus. 2. see Xori^. 

gunu, s. A hump. 2. a 
mushroom. Xjs^S a hunchback. 

guru, .?. Asthma. 2. 
cough. ws^eri asthmatic 

3do^ guruni (AjsS), v. a. To 
pile up, as rice, firewood, 
stones, etc.\ also Xjadoaetbs. 
2. to stick in, fix. 3. to hoot. 
4. to make a plough froc5o5_ 
to stick the pole of a yoke 
into the ploughshare; to 
make a ploughshare. 

gurke, see Xotfor. 
gurme, s. A kind of bird, 
gusuni, see Xo^s. 




gule, s. People leaving a 
place en masse on account of 
invasion or famine. 

rf\3o gruha, s. A house, mansion. 
adj. Domestic. -^) 3 ig house- 
hold affairs. $3j domestic 
trouble or quarrel. 

7"i\3o^ 0n. r>\3oroJt> Qn frruhastali- 

m ' OJ 

ge, gruhastolige, ^. Respectabi- 
lity, honesty. TOO!) a honest, 
upright man. csf^ an honest, 
upright woman. 

rixSdr^ gruhaste, ^. A house- 
holder, married or family 
man. 2. an honest man. -a 
a respectable woman. 

7^ ge, a particle signifying, It is 
said, they say etc.; also ^3. 
20=^7?, 803^3 it is said that he 
came. 3035^7?, sc^FrfrS he says 
that he is coming. ^\ a 

genda, s. A live or burning 
coal, -o^rcdo a dance upon 
burning coals; also 3*3. 
genda, adj. Reddish. ss3, 

gendali, gendale, 5. 
A reddish coloured cocoanut 
tree. ^A a kind of red 
eruptions on the skin. 

gendi, J. A reddish cow. 

genduni, v. a. To win, 
conquer, v. n. To be hot, to 

gende, s. A reddish colour- 
ed ox. e^roaS a tawny 
coloured cocoanut. 

tf rt d geggara, 

gejeluni, J 

, tfz| gejja, ge]Je, j. A small 
round bell, tinkling orna- 
ment. -^^ -, a knife or 
sword with the handle orna- 
mented with spherical bells, 
etc. ^^ small stones, iron- 
ore. ^js?2;j a stick with 
bells attached to it. ^ 
a neck ornament of gold 
with chasings. & the act 
of worshipping gingling bells 
when put on dancing girls for 
the first time. 

3,, tffco, getti, gette, s. A lump, 

i j " 

J,;joocid gettimandele, ^. A 

genike, j. Calculation, 
estimation. 2. regard, esteem. 
genipuni, v. a. To count, 
reckon, number. 
! gene, ^. Coupling; cf. tf3. 
AST? an associate. 

gettonuni, see T(^. 

gedungavuni, c. v. 
(of 7*50X0$)) To get rammed, 
stuffed in. 

puni (^SoK, *a), t/.a. To stuff, 
push in, ram. 

gadaruni, see 3^3i?>. 

gediyuni (^a), z/. ^. To 
be rammed, stuffed. 

geppuni (3?), P. a. To take, 
receive. 2. to buy, purchase. 


ok gebba 



3. to draw, pull out. 4. to 
steal. 5. to draw back, open. 
6. to dismiss, discharge. 7. 
to dig, excavate. 8. to re- 
move, take away. 9. to ex- 
communicate, interdict. 10. 
to press, express. 1 1. to dis- 
honour; to ruin. 
to ruin a person. 
4 to draw out the purse 
from the pocket. T$JS> to 
knock out a tooth. XcO 
to steal a bundle. Xo&_ to 
dig a pit. s^s-S^ to discharge 
from service. a^> to excom- 
municate. 3^5 to take one's 
name ; to dishonour one. v& 
&> to open the door, rfoo^j, 
to draw out a thorn. "33 to 
express juice. steles to 
purchase articles. ?foex_ to 
u> kf, gebbattu, s. Confusion, 

j eo 

gebbaftavuni, c. v. 
(of tfa^uo^) To perplex, con- 

rtz^yOjS gebbattuni (*^), r-n- 
To be confused, perplexed. 
rt^o gebbu, s. The temples. Xo 
^>?JF$, Xo ^?^4?), rf^r?) to 
beat on the temples. 
rto3o> geyipini, see ^&. 
7^ Co 3 geranti, w T^J^^- 
geratte, J 
gerama, 5 

geravu, see 
^0^, geraste, see 7 ^^- 

fid gere, ^. A line, row. 2. a 
stroke. SD^O T&s?e>j a ruler. 
surfos). -^s> to draw a line, 
to rule. ^kowo^ to insist. 
rid^)^, rid^)gerepuni,gerevuni, 
see XjSo^s. 

gerpuni, v. a. To raise, 
lift up; bet. ^a. 

gelavu, s, Sprightliness, 
liveliness, vivacity, courage. 
, f\tj\^ gelipuni, gelpuni, 
see ^odos>. 
e^oSj gelkayi, s. Victory, win- 


ning. rtif//'. Victorious. 

gelpu, ^. Victory, gain. 

gain and loss. 
gellu, ^. A branch, twig. 

R tf , ri^rs genu, gena, J. A span 
from the tip of the thumb to 
that of the little finger. tro^ 
a span long. 

geni, ^. Rent, contract. 
o^e^ a permanent 
lease, perpetual rent. eJ?S 
a lease. Aa3, _ cscSo a tenant, 
contractor. t.-rr_ tenancy 
at will, annual rent. ssoso 
j3_ rent for a fixed time. 
-^WJjS to fix the amount of 
rent. ft ^^.S 3ji>br& to lease 
out. 4^6" a tenant. 






gerekayi, s. The marking nut. 
_ rf -&rd the tree Semicarpus 

gera, tfafr. Around. zx>& 
to surround. 

gerja, s. A kind of bird ; 
also ~'3jj- 

geli, .?. Ridicule, jest, mock- 
ery, insult. 

hod$ geindale, see foris?. 
& geipini (*), ?. . To do, 

ivZJo gaibu, J. Missing, disap- 
pearing. 2.seestfy&. 3. see 

yL$ to disappear. 
^. Unoccupied, adv. 
Not, without. 5os&(5 absence. 
_cc33;5 fcs to be absent, 
geireya, ^. Red chalk, 
geiliji, ^. A bell-sound. 

gonga, ^. A large cowrie, 

Sorio^ gonguka, s. An oil tree. 
2. a bunch. 

c^, r^J2-c^23 ff gonci, goncilu, 
s. A bunch, cluster. 

gonju, s. A tassel. 

gonda, see ^jzcrt,. 

gondi, s. A button. 

gonde, s. A cluster, tassel, 
topknot. ti &^ a fringe 
with tassels. & a kind of 
flower resembling the mari- 
gold. eroQ5rf_ an ornament 
put in the hair of females. 
)o^o gontu, s. Knowledge, un- 
derstanding, acquaintance. 

to become acquainted. 
004^ to know. sks^s to 
find out, ascertain. cSoc!? 
I do not know. 

ijsoc:^^^ gonda- 
lapuje, gondlupuje, see 


gombe, ^. An image, 
puppet, doll; also 
^jsza do^ gojjaranna, 

gojji, ^. Boiled juice <?r 
pulp of any fruit, mixed with 
cocoanut, salt, chillies etc., 
seasoned, and eaten with 
boiled rice to make it savoury. 

gojje, see *a. 
gotta, see 



gotti, j". A kind of play. 

, gottu, J- The kernel of 
a nut, as cocoanut, almond, 
castor oil seed etc, 

godave, s. Interference, 
connection, intercourse, con- 
cern with. 

goddu, adj. Barren, sterile. 


^barrenness, sterility. 

?je)D goddusariji, s. A kind 
of pepper-water made of tama- 
rind, chillies etc, 

godde, s. A Pariah, pi. 

5, ^.zS oor the name of a 

> C> 

sub-division of Pariahs. 
?^ gonasu, ^^ Xr^. 

gOttU, J^ T^JSC^O. 

?'^ gotte, J 1 . Sweepings, rub- 





godagoda, see 


odduni (^^)- P. 0. To 
r devour, as a fowl. 
godde, s. Lisping, stam- 
mering. KroosocrooSo a lisper, 

rU;^ gone, ^. A bunch, of fruits, 
as plaintains, cocoanuts. 

goppe, w AS. 

gobbara, s. Manure, 
sweepings. s^os to manure. 
gobbata, ^. Diversion, 

gobbavuni, c. v. (of 
To make one play. 
:^ gobbu, s, A play, dance, 
game. &DA a play-ground. 
t~: N ^ gobbuni (**^). v.a. To 
'J. to trifle with, mock. 
gobbuli, J. A bubble. 
gobbe, ^e tS^e^. 

gorante, gorate 5 

^?o goraku, ^ 
c^Ort gorastalige, 

^ gorajana, see 
gorke, s. Snoring. 

tfj2;ir gorte, J>. The final pre- 
paration of a field for sowing. 
^z,,^. rtaex} o&x>d. riJS^j 

'T ro 

r:_jccl golambude, gollumbude, 
gollumunde, s. The angular 
leaved physic-nut, Jatropha 
en re as. 

golle. s. A man of the 
cowherd or milkman caste. 
Q a female of this caste. 
S cowherds. 

golaka, J^ ^js^X. 
go, ^. A cow. 5^ a 
block of stone set up by the 
roadside for cattle to rub 
themselves against, -crotf a 
gift of cattle. skocio cowdung. 
&>so a spout or fountain, 
made like a cow's head. 
o?^ the sacrifice of a cow. 
gonku, s. A cashew 
fruit. - 3o~3 the cashew tree, 
Anacardium occidentalc. 
^o'S'odj, T^JS^O^ gonkuru, 
gonkru, s. Rocking, as a child 
does on its legs and hands. 
2. a lullaby used when so 
rocking, adj. Large, great; 

Cf. &8?C2}5. 

gontu, adj. Dried. -33 
a cocoanut the kernel 
of which has dried within. 
^ptfo an unripe dried betel- 
nut. ^B^^ to get dried. 

, rLoeouio s^t! gon- 
dalapuje,gondlupuje,5-. A speci- 
al worship of Durga in ful- 
filment of a vow, performed 
by decorating her image in- 
doors and by dancing in the 
outer court, with music and 

^orfo gondu, s. Gum; the 
gum arulno of Acacia arabica. 
to sum. 




gomparu, adj. Large, 
great. *^, see &s?c;3. _ Bl^ 
a large cocoanut shell. ^x> 
w^ a large kind of cap made 
of the areca leaf-stem. 

gompe, s. A toad, pad- 
dock. 2. see &8?33. 
a^rsr gokarna, .y. /#. A cow's 
ear. 2. a celebrated place of 
pilgrimage in North Canara. 

goku, see ^eec^o. 

gokula, J. Cattle. 2. a 
station of cowherds. 3. the 
place of Krushna's early life ; 
also ^orf&se^oa. _s>;5 ao the 


birthday of Krushna. ^e^o 
efcW Krushna's frolics when 
at Gokula. 

gocara, gocara, 
s. Perception, conception, pe- 
netration. 2. an object or 
organ of sense. e?b$ to be 
visible; to comprehend, un- 

goji, s. Interference. 2. 
intercourse. 3. confusion. 
S &?bs to forget, cyorfo &>? 
8K jgjse^ have nothing to do 
with him. 

gotu, ^. Embroidery; 
lace. a?L$ to put on a lace 
border etc. adj. see :&s?cwo. 
da, ^. A horse ; bet. $TO?ct 
Dlxr1 goda- 
mukhe, godamruga, s. A dunce, 
fool, simpleton. 

godi, adj. Erect, straight, 
direct. 3p?S:s> to go straight. 

godiyavuni, c. v. 
(of &seaodoo$) To join, knit 
together. 2. to prepare, get 

3&odw g6diyuni(&3?&), v.n. 
To join, connect. 

gode, s. A wall. >?>> 
to raise a wall. 

gona, s. A he-buffalo; 
see "%.?>. 

goni, s. A sackcloth, 
gunny bag. 2. a malignant 
kind of small-pox. &'%, 

sacking. ^jstfja to fall a 
victim to malignant small- 
pox, <5j. 

! gone, ^. A he-buffalo. 
l.fig. a stupid fellow. 

gotra, s. A family, tribe, 
lineage. T\& ^e^j crocS^^j a 
destitute man. 

^cs'sdO godavari, s. A river 
so called. 2. the name of a 

J3^ godi, godhi, J. 
Wheat. ^o^ a kind of 

godikke, J. An unmar- 
ried Pariah. 2. a nickname. 
godudi, s. A quilted 
bed sheet. 

^sraeS gopale, s. A herdsman. 
2. Krushna. 3. a beggar. 4. 
the name of a man. 

gopi, -r. A herdswoman. 
2. yellow ochre; 

gopu, s. A thin girdle. 




gopuni (&s?> v.n. To 
hold fast a tree with hands 
or with a rope. 2. to join. 

gopura, s. A tower. 
gope, s. A chief of herds- 

o gopya, adj. Secret, hid- 
den, preserved. TJOT\B a 
secret, fai&sxk secretly. 
gobi, s. A cabbage. 

a,^. A peevish woman. 

S^sSj^T? gomanta, 
gomedhika, s. A gem of a 
yellowish or tawny colour, 
topaz, onyx. 

^d^ gorante, gorate, 
s. The prickly amaranth, 
goratiji, see 
gorajina, see 

isS gorabale, s. A large 
hand-net. |- net< 

gorale, s. A small hand- 

gori, s. A grave. 2. a 
burial ground. 
S?dj> goruni (^e5), #. . To 
dig from, out, or up, as coals 
etc. 2. to gather, collect, pile 
up. 3. to catch fish by a 
hand-net. 4. to level a 
ploughed field with a plank. 

gore, see 3w3. 
gorelu, see 

o-^ goreyun 
J'. a. To drive together. 

gorojana, s. Gall of 
cattle, Calculus cysticus. 
gorte, w? &s?3r. 
gorle, Jtv ^?-de3. 

j gorsavuni, r'. <7. To 

^"- R un d. 
to make round. 

ccra^golandasu,^. A gun- 

golambude, see 

goli, see 

golikotte, ^. The 
great great grand-father. 
tf J3<=>si>d golimara, see T^^-^^. 
F^JS^oo golu, s. Grief, lamenta- 
tion. 33AJ$. rf^rs to be 
affected with the evils of 
another's grief. 

^J3?woohsj golungila, s. A plain 
ring, a guard ring. 
gole, w ^?^- 
i govate, see T^^^. 

govardhana, s. The 
name of a mountain. 
>es3<3, rU>?dri, ^j?^Se>^ go- 
vale, govalige, govale, s. A 
herdsman; cf. ^J?STO^, ^js?^. 
JS^od govinde, J. A name of 
Vishnu. 2. the name of a 

gove, j. Goa. 

r^JS^s^c gosvari, go- 
svare, s. An abstract, sum- 
mary; also &s^Q. 




)?& goshti, s. Conversation, 

gosu, gosu, adv. 
Leeward. 2. seaward. ^ 
yo^ to shift the sail in order 
to direct the vessel seaward. 
z^s, 3peb$ to steer sea- 

ofo, i3t?faobri gosampa- 
yi, gosampige, s. The flower of 
the wild champaka tree, Plu- 
meria acuminata. 
)?raoSo gosayi, s. A sect of 
Sivites. 2. a religious mendi- 
cant. j" a COW. 

gohatya, s. Killing of 
gola, s. A globe. 
go lake, .?. An illegitimate 
son of a widow. 
riJS^s'D^c! golakara, adj. Globu- 
lar, spherical. 

golata, see fa>? e;o. 

]i> s - A marble. 2. a 
ball, bullet. ^ (5 gun fire. 
Jd{#dlri3 golidamara, J. The 
large banyan tree, Ficus 

. golipadpe, s. A kind of 
potherb, Nyctanthes tristis. 
golu, see &s?3o. 

gole, s. Hollowness. adj. 
Hollow, void within. ~&ri> 
a hollow tree. 

goundi, s. A female slave, 
maid servant. 

goundu, s. Swelling. 3 
^N the body to be puffed up. 

gounde, see 

gouji, s. A noise, tumult, 
uproar. 2. alarm agitation. 
3. magnificence, grandeur. 
^oy^si to make noise; to 
threaten. sSotfo^a to shout; 
to be magnificent. 

gouda, s. The district of 
Gour. 2. see 

goudi, see 

goudu, adj. Peevish, fret- 
goudubangali, s. A 
trick, artifice, stratagem. 2. a 
trickster, cheat. 

goude, ^. The headman of 
a village, /. 2. a man of a 
caste of farmers. 
^^ gounadike, ^. Great- 

goune, j 

r^^sSj goutama, gouta- 
me, ^. A name of Sakya 
Muni, Buddha; cf. Xoo^ofeS. 

i goudige, ^. The seat of a 

Ogouri, s. A name of Parvati. 
2. the name of a woman. 
^8 balsamine. 
055)Si)r3 gouripashana, s. A 
tawny coloured mineral poi- 

goule, adj. Tender, unripe, 
sapless, as a sugarcane. 
Xdft gousanige, s. A bag, 
case, cover. 

A^V goulugoulu, s. Chew- 
ing or eating voraciously, as 
betel leaves etc. 


riPvstt goula, goulasu, s. 
Digestion. -&ld to be di- 

gouli, s. A kind of lizard. 
_3*'o; the chirp of a lizard, 
considered ominous. at^ 
a treatise on the omens pres- 
aged by the chirps etc. of a 

3ri goulige, s. A milkman. 
2. j* tf^A 1 . 

o goulu, see 

goule, see 

rra ?$ gnana, -^ s^^- 

A^5 ^ griani, see a^ a. 


rra 3^^ gnapaka, w a ^- 

r Sf 

T\ o$ grantha, s. A book, work, 

rt^^rt.rtj^Otf grastalige, gra- 

stolige, SM T^T^SX. 
rt.3o graha, s. A planet. 2. an 


evil spirit. ^*otf an astrolo- 
gical diagram or table. ^jaW 
conjunction of planets. X3, 
-^d the motion of the 
planets; their influence on 
the human destiny ; fate, luck. 
T^2> the mansions of the 
planets. NoS- the nine planets 
as enumerated by Hindus; 
773, -52^" the sun, tied) the 
moon, siocX<? Mars, a:^ Mer- 

cury, ")^3 Jupiter, ?o^ 
Venus, ^$ Saturn, ^)3oj the 
ascending node, 3?&> the des- 
cending node. sro<y convul- 
sion of children. 

grahana, J. Reception, 
acceptance. 2. comprehen- 
sion. 3. an eclipse. ^v the 
occasion of an eclipse. 

rlsorS grahani, J. Rickets, a 
wasting disease. 

rico^ grahike, ^. Understanding, 

r^So^)?j, rj,!o^j^ grahipuni, gra- 
hisuni (^j^ ), '<' n. To under- 
stand, comprehend, perceive. 
2. to consider, ponder. 

773,03 granti, s. Habit, practice. 


2. appetite, longing, eager 

rra^sd gracira, 

rra^rs grana, ^^ 

rra^rs grani, see Xj^rf. 

r^^j grama, s. A village, ham- 
let. -^^ the custom of a 
village. ^jsu a village coun- 
cil. craob, ^a villager. 
A;i&> rural, rustic, unpolish- 
ed, inelegant. 

rra.nJ grasa, ^. Amouthfulof food. 


2. food, subsistence. 


c hora 


' gha, the seventeenth letter 
of the alphabet. 
>oU ghanta, see 
>o!3 ghanti, see 

>c&3 ghante, s. An hour. 2. a 
clock; see Xc&3. 

ghandi, st 
efrosl^ ghamu, 

ghata, s. A large earthen 
water-jar. 2. the body. 

ghatakkane, see Xrf^. 
$ ghatane, s. Contact. 2. as- 
semblage, bringing together, 
ghatasarpe, s. A large 

>y ghatta, s. A ghaut, defile, 
,cl ghattane, J^ ^ou^3. 


il ghatti, j^e XB,. 

: u)sj^ ghadavane, ^. Joining, 
uniting. 2. invention, manu- 
facture, coining. 3. fabri- 
cation, concoction, 
ghadi, see Xa. 

sJ^Cc ghanaghana, ^. The sound 
of a ringing bell. 

ghana, s. Respectability, 
honour, dignity. 2. hardness. 
3. solidity, substance, adj. 
Heavy. 2. noble, great. 3 
greatness, nobility, glory, 
the cube root. 

, s. Fragrance, odour. 
gharimu, gharmi, 



ghata, gha- 
taka, ghataga, s. Murder, 
slaughter, killing. 2. trea- 
chery, fraud. ^^ suicide. 
<& destroying life, mur- 
der; suicide. S>^T^ treach- 
ery, breach of trust. ^JS^T?, 
^ijz^-R a murderer ; an execu- 
tioner; a cheat. 

ghati,^. A matter becoming 
serious. &3r &r $x>8 e?c5 
what was meant for a joke, 
has become serious. 

ghada, ^. Depth. 

ghabari, see AT>eoa. 
Jo ghaya, s. A wound. 

ghara, see raS. 

sAi ghasi, ^. Fatigue, trouble, 
toil. 2. conclusion, exhaus- 
tion, termination, death. s? 
&s> to be troubled, fatigued; 
to die; to conclude, finish. 
s)$ ghali, ^. Air, wind, breeze. 
ghoda, s. A horse. 

ghora, ^/'. Frightful, 
horrible, dreadful. 




o? XT 

GJ -^ 

na, The eighteenth letter of the alphabet. No words begin 
with this letter. 


ca, The nineteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

cangu, s. Guinibard, Jew's- 

_S - - . L- * . 

5joon> canga, cangane, canga- 
manga, cangeimangei, s. A 
frolic, gambol. 2. hoax, hum- 
bug, deceit. ktfo^& to de- 
ceive, impose upon. 
orreoSo cangayi, s. A friend. 2. 

crto canguli, s. A preparation 
consisting of jackfruit, jag- 
gory, the juice of cocoanut 
and rice. 
z camca, s. A spoon. 

^ caricala, adj. Fickle, wa- 
vering, unsteady. 33, s 
fickleness. &>& fickle 
mindedness. ^c^3 a fickle 

candu, see f&cS* 

nda, J. Vehemence, fierce- 
ness, obstinacy. 2. offspring. 
3. host, multitude, adj. Vehe- 
ment, fierce, obstinate. 2. 

candaduni, see 

candale, ^. An outcast, 
Pariah. 2. a wicked man. 

candi, s. Wetness, adj. 
Wet, moist, humid. ^ca 
very wet. 3otfo^s> to wet. 

3 candi, candike, s. A 
name of Parvati. 
candu, J^ $5. 
cande, J. A kind of drum. 

candemara, sec 3cz. 
canda, ^- Beauty, elegance. 

dj^, Cccrfjrt candaga, 
canduka, canduga, ^. A small 

o<3?3 candana, J. Sandal, Santa- 
lum album. 

candra, s. The moon. -^<3 
a digit of the moon. TOO 
the colour of the rising moon, 
red. ^tfre, XjSore an eclipse 
of the moon. _ eSoai the 
moon's disk. 

s^od,^ candraka, s. The eye in 
a peacock's tail. 

^oci^eio^ candrakanta, s. A kind 


of gem. 2. alabaster. 



candrakanti, s. The 
moon-flower, Ipomocagrandi- 

o2.i2e3 candrajoti, s. A blue 
light, a kind of firework. 
o^^rari candranage, s. A ser- 
pent with a crescent-like 
stripe on its head. 
clzj)6 candrabare, s. A red 
kind of plantain tree. 

od,eoss3)' candrabavali, s. A 
kind of ornament for females. 
rfj^oo^ candramandala, s. 
The moon's orb. 2. an idol's 
whirling car. 

candramadake, s. A 


kind of fish. 

candramuru, s. A fe- 


male's ear-ornament in the 
form of a half-moon. 

candravamsa, s. The 
lunar race. 

candrari, J. Ketu, the 
ascending node. 
D,^.B candravati,^. The name 

\^ / 

of a city. 2. the name of a 

candrike, ^. Moonlight. 


2. the covering of a letter 
written on a palm leaf. 3. 
palm leaves rolled and tied 

d candre, s. The moon. 


canna, ^/". Red. 2. hand- 
some, well. 

cannanayi, s. A wolf. 

cannalige, s. The red 

o^320JSda, ^o^EOJSdj canna- 
buru, canneburu, s. A kind of 

0$ canne, ^. A kind of game 
with cowries. ^or3 a board 
with two rows of seven holes 
for arranging the cowries. 
y^aeoo^ to play at such a 

osi^ campaka, s. The flower of 
Michelia champaka; bet. rio 

campe, see . 

, 2^0200 camba, cambu, s. A 
small water-pot; cf. &oeoo. 
2. a barge, fishing boat. 
cambare, see tic-3x>-3. 

s^oeoj?^ cambige cambuge, 
s. A shoe. 2. a bad smell. 
oe3?> cambeli, s. A cunning 

o^J3^, ^odo& cambodi, cam- 
madi, ^. A sledge hammer. 
2. skin, leather. 3. a scourge, 

cammare, J. A shoe- 
maker, chuckler; cf. rfrfoTsxS. 
s^oOo cammi, s. Dampness, mois- 
ture. 2. a kind of water- 

s^ceoor carmbu, ^. A blossom 
without setting fruit, adj. 

carmburi, see 
caku, j^ ^^j. 
cakubandi, see 

25=5* caku 



cakamuki, s. The steel with 
which fire is struck. ^ a 
flint stone. sos^os to strike 
fire with a flint and steel. 

2^^ erf cakanda, ^ ti&c-z. 

Cc^cc^cakacaku,^'. Slow. a^ r . 
Shortly, suddenly. 

2c ! &>^ cakotra, ^ ^e^- 

25^, cakku, #<//. Hollow, without 
kernel. 2. stunted, short, lean. 
3. flat. s^aso a hollow 
cocoanut. ^o^ aflat head. 
_ -rfo^ a low seat. ^oja^o a 
flat nose; a/^ ^ocS^ix^o. 

2^3, cakka, adv. Quickly, at once. 
^otfo^ to sit at once, with- 
out observing where. 

speciousness. adj. Plausible, 
specious. craoSj a plausible 
man. s^>tJ a plausible 
speech, flattery. s^^os to 
say what is plausible, to flat- 

cakkattu, adj. Low. 

cakkappa, adv. Down, be- 

cakkamu, see 

6 cakkare, s. Sugar. 


cakki, s. An ornament worn 
by female children. 

cakku, ^ ^^j- 

Joa cakkubandi, J. Boun- 
dary-stones. 2. jurisdiction. 

cakkuli, s. A cake made 
of rice flour, salt etc., and 
fried in oil; also tfotfewftSft 
5\>,>53od cakkulimara, s. The 


Manilla tamarind tree, Inga- 


=5L\) cakkulli, ^. The pum- 
pleniose or shaddock, Citrus 
=0, cakke, see &. 
=^,2/ cakkelu, s. The bosom. 
=CT cakra, s. A quarter rupee. 
2. a wheel, circle. 3. a pot- 
ter's wheel, coach wheel. 4. a 
discus. 7\a two equal parts, 
as of a cocoanut. ^oo^o a 
kind of small white cloth, 
a wheel shaped fire- 

work. srorjo a mendicant's 
drum. ^ a necklace of 
gold ringlets. 

cakravarti, s. An em- 
peror. s an empress. 

cakri, s. Vishnu. 2. a 
potter. 3. a snake, 
cagane, see ^cX. 
cagule, s. A bug. 
caccara, s. Haste, speed, 



caccouka, J. A square, 

catu, /w// Fie, fie! adj. 
Useless, excessive. ^9^0 
very sour. ^8, see fcr;0. 
catuka, J. A snapping 
sound, adv. Quickly, briskly. 
-$s?t;$ to walk briskly. 



^, j3 catukkane, #<&'. Harshly, 
rudely. ^rf^s to say rudely. 

cata, ^. Energy, vigour. 2. 
the germ of a disease, the 
remaining symptoms of a 
disease. ^f}^ to eradicate 
a disease. _?&$> to lose 
energy, be tired, weary. 

cataka, s. A summary me- 
thod of offering to the manes 
of departed ancestors. 

catakka, s. A slapping or 


cracking sound; cf. &&3. 

^eJsjkJ catacata, cata- 
pata, s. Noise produced, as 
in slapping or cracking a 

catini, s. Grain or fruit 
pounded, made into a thick 
paste with chillies, salt, etc. 
and eaten as a condiment 
with curry ; chatney. 

catipiti, adv. For noth- 
ing, uselessly. 

catlla, s. A cracking 

cattu, End, dissolution, 
termination, death. 2. ex- 
haustion, consumption, ruin, 
demolition, extinction. ^JUo 


, tSs^^, -rfo^^ to exhaust, 
spend away, tir. 

catta, s. A litter, sort of 
a palanquin. 2. a bier. 3. a 
window frame. ^yo.$to pre- 
pare a bier. 

cattane, a^z 1 . Suddenly; 

catti, J. A broad-mouthed 
spittoon. 2. a chamber pot. 

cattini, J^ ^Brf. 
cattu, ^. A country pony. 


catte, <^^/'. Flat, level, with- 
^ a flat 



out inclination. 

3,rre6 cattegare, s. A native 
who assumes European dress. 
catni, catni, see ^E2rS. 


caducadu, ^. Quickly, 
speedily. arfK so^-dos to 
mount a ladder quickly. 

caduta, cadata, see 

cadati, ^. Dissimulation. 

cadacadi, see 

?oo> cadayisuni (^ro 
z/. a. To increase, raise or bid 
higher, as price. 2. to beat, 
strike, flog. tjs? to put 
in stocks. XcXrirf to swal- 
low liquor. ^4f~ ^ sm k e 

cadavu, s. An ascent, 
uphill. 2. increase, enhance- 
ment. 3. a kind of country 
shoes. ^otfo^ to raise, en- 
hance, as the price ; cf. 


cadavuni, z'. a. To as- 
cend, climb. 

cadasuni, see ^ssosorfoa. 

cadi, J. A notch, indentation. 
2. a whip, stripe. :?&.?>, 





to make a notch. 
to whip. ^ t$3& a 
joining bench, groove-plane, 

cadu, s. The belly. 2. a 
pleasing discourse. 

cadugu, adj. Bad, de- 

caduta, J. Persistency, 
obstinacy. 2. a bet or wager. 
_ s^^do^ to speak persistently, 
to provoke. 

cade, s. A kind of bag. 
^ cadta, s. Daily <?r regular 
observance of rites or cus- 
toms ; cf. t^odor. 2. see dT$o3. 
a a diary. 

cadpu, .y. Leanness, thin- 


cana, J^ fx ro- 

canilu, ^ 


caturu, num. Four. 
5 the four sides 'or boundaries 
of a land etc. [rous. 

catura, adj. Clever, dexte- 
caturanga, s. Chess. 

caturangabala, s. An 
army consisting of infantry, 
cavalry, elephants and war 

cature, see tro^otf. 

caturthi, a^'. Fourth. 
5. The fourth day of the lunar 
fortnight. #*,., the dative 
case, gram. 

caturdasi, ^. The four- 

teenth day of the lunar fort- 

^odrrtr caturvarga, The four 
objects of pursuit: justice, 
wealth, pleasure, and heaven. 
jdrrsr caturvarna, s. The 
four castes. 

j^^rrf caturveda, s. The 
four Vedas or ancient scrip- 
tures of the Hindus. 

catushpada, adj. Qua- 

ff ,2cc33 caduru, cada- 
ru, cadara, s. Dispersion, dis- 
sipation, scattering. ?&$> 
to be dispersed, scattered. 
to disperse, scatter. 
s^rfO^)^ cadaravuni, 
cadaripuni, c. i\ (of ^rftSo^) 
To disperse, scatter. 

cadaruni (dd5), v.n. To 
be scattered, dispersed; also 

cadi, ^. Obstinacy, pertina- 
city. 3os^s> to be obstinate. 

revenge, retaliation. 

cadupu, s. Skill, ingenu- 
ity, cunning. ^J8?aa^s> to 
play tricks. 


cadure, J 

cade, J. Severe fighting. 2. 
destruction of life. 

canani, s. Great harm. 
2. quarrel, riot. 3. desola- 
tion, waste, ruin. 
> cani, see rfa. ^^ ^^6. 

canilu, s. A squirrel. 2. 




2^ canna, see 

: : sjcapacapa, s. A noise made 

with the mouth, as a pig in 


z$ capate, see si^. 
titiudrf caparasu, s^ ^s^oj. 

233j>, 2^3J^ capala, capala, #^/. 
Waving, moving. 2. fickle, 
unsteady. 3. swift, quick. 
^, _s fickleness ; quick 
perception. Nttejsa a man 
of quick perception or ap- 
prehension. sk?j fickle- 
mindedness. ^x;e3 a woman 
with quick and moving eyes. 
2. Laxmi, the goddess of 
wealth. [OSOTJOS. 

;&$ capayisuni, see <$z*> 
capavu, see ejto^. 
capdi, J^ ^4vS. 


2J. cappa, ^. Fast, firmly. 
2. suddenly. ^^^ to stick 
fast. 353^0$ to fix firmly, 
cappa, ^^ ^A- 


3J,cf1 cappanga, s. The sappan 


tree, Caesalpima sappan. 
&? cappatu, adj. Tasteless, 
insipid. 2. bad, worthless. 
si&3 cappate, J. A worthless 


person. <^'. j^ ^^. 
3j ^ cappatte, ^. Cooling. 

OJ &j 

^csaiZa: cappadaci, ^. Coaxing, 
flattering. 2. fabrication, in- 
t>0> cappadi, see d^\5. 

oJ *"* 

^^l cappanna, a^/". Fifty-six. 
3& the fifty-six countries 

enumerated by the Hindu 


jj* capparu, s. A kind of 

dried fish. 

^0* capparu, adj. Low, cast 

down. ^jsoaio an ornament 

of a devil-dancer. eojatfos 

to be low. 

^<j cappara, .?. A shed, pandal. 

^o^ a cot with posts and 

curtains. 3j3tl>$> to put up 

a temporary shed. 

s^3^)^ capparipuni (^^5), ^'. 

a. To smack the lips. 

s*, ^^-^ cappalu, cappalu, 
j. A shoe, sandal. 
3i ^ cappali, s. Clapping the 

^53)$ cappalipuni (^*), f. . 
To clap the hands. 

o^o^ cappayisuni, see ^sro 

cappavu, see 

cappi, cappe, s. A 
stamp, seal, mark. 

.Q cappudi, s. Concealing. 
2. legerdemain, jugglery; also 
A5. 3. the play of 'hide 
and seek'. 

cappe, #<a^'. Tasteless, insi- 
pid, unsavoury. 3. cool, vapid. 
4. trifling, worthless. wuS 
quite worthless. 

?"/ caprasu, S. A kind of 
drill cloth. 

, ^wj=Se)d cabakara, cabu- 
kara, j.'Soap; fuller's earth; 





cabukumara, see 

cabuku, .y. A whip, ti 
a Casuarina tree. 

camug-are, s. A shoe- 
maker, chuckler. tf erog> a 
chuckler's awl; 0/50 rfSora-d 
camuca, ^ z^fc.. 

camatige, .r. A sledge 

si)<3 camada, .?. The skin, 

dJS"3,d camatkara, s. Clever- 
ness, dexterity, artifice. 2. 
astonishment, surprise. 3. 
wit, eloquence. 4. anything 
curious, ingenious or ex- 
traordinary; also e^rfo3^a^. 
rfj-^.r^camattige,.?. The flower 
of Pyrethrum indicum. 
doS3&\rt camarimruga, J. The 
yak, 0r bos-grunniens. 
camipuni, see 
c'amca, s. A spoon, ladle. 
caya, w ^o^- 
cayi, see E^S. 

cayila, see $^v. 
Za s 0200 carumbu, ^^ dosoor. 
^d cara, adj. Moveable, lo- 
comotive. sScatf, dTO^ move- 
able or personal property, 

j caraku, caraku, s. 
Merchandise, cargo. 2. goods, 
articles; bet. 

caraky, J-. Machinery. Bo 
to set a machine in 

caracara, s. A noise made 
in spurting or throwing water 
from a pump. 2. see eaSelb. 
$?> an even accumulation 
of water in a field. sjn^doa 
to prattle. 

carate, j. What is coarse; 
leavings or stalks. 
ra carana, s. The foot. 2. a 
foot in poetry. 3eA j 

carane, ^. Pasturage, graz- 


d caracara, ^'. Moveable 
and immoveable. rf^o 
animate <?r inanimate things; 
the creation, world. 

B carasti, see under dtf. 
car.ige, ^. A cooking utensil 
of copper or brass. 2. see 

carige, ^ 

ZdOj, 2^DJ, carita, caritra, 
caritre, s. A history, story, 
narrative. 2. conduct, be- 

caripu, ^. An offering 
presented to an idol and 
then distributed among the 
people present. 

caripuni (^ 5 ), "' a. To 
quake, tremble, shudder, shi- 
ver; cf. rf&8&. 

caripuni (^ s ), 7 1 . . To 
move; wander. 

23 do earn 



to splash 

23 do, 23 do 3 caru, caruva, .?. An 
oblation of rice and other 
ingredients to the gods or 
demons. 2. a small fish. 

23 do 200 carubu, see ^ceoor. 

236 care, s. Small shots. 2. the 
head; bet. # 

z3^F carka, 
off, as mud. 

23 &F carki, ^ 

232&F, 23sF carci, carce, s. Dis- 
pute, wrangling. ^otfo^ to 
dispute, reason, argue. 
cardi, s. Vomiting. 

3r!F&o* 23S33F&/ carpa- 
tu, carpattu, carpatu, adj. 

carpu, J^ K*&3. 

carbi, J. Fat, grease. 2. 
arrogance, pride, y%-. 

carma, s. The skin, hide, 
leather. -asra4s> to flay, peel, 
skin, bark. 
2^SjOOFO cannuri, s. Parched rice. 

o3oF carya, carye, s. 
Observance of rites or cus- 
toms. 2. conduct, demeanour. 
Q?i a diary, chronicle. 

carva, see 3tb. 

f^Fcs carvana, ^. Chewing betel. 
sJb* calupatu, ^^ ^^0. 
cala, J^ ^<^- 

^' calaku, ^. Dexterity, parti- 
cularly of the hand or tongue. 
calacala, s. A noise in 
wading through water, as 

children make while playing. 
calane, s. Motion, move- 
ment. adj. Wandering, roam- 

calapatu, see ^S3. 

calavala, J. Alarm, con- 
sternation, agitation. 2. ex- 
haustion, weariness; cf. ^^eoe;. 
calapala, s. Agitating 

2Je)53r3 calavani, s. Currency, 
genuineness, as of a coin. 
?ooa_ drawing a bill of ex- 
change. rf ?roreo a current 
coin. -rfo^^ to make pass 
or current. 

call, s. Cold, chilliness, 
shivering, as in ague. adj. 
Cold, chilly; also rf3. ^a 
the cold season. X , see & 

cold wind. tf 
ague. 02033$ to warm. 
osoijsreos) to be warming one- 
self. 33^3 to catch cold; 
to be afraid. -KXirfo^peLs to 
be relieved of cold ; fear to 

calipuni (^3), v. a. To 
shake, move. 

Do, 23 } calimi, calmi, see 

calpatte, see ^^. 
callu, adj. Stupid, dull. 
2. timid, timorous. 3. imbe- 
cile, weak, useless. [bell. 
23 53 s ^ calluke, .$. A kind of small 


calla, ^. A noise of a fall 
with force. 





callangayi, s. The 
Sepistan plum, Cordia myxa. 
callante. s. A kind of 

callana, cal- 
lana, callana, s. Short breeches, 
reaching only to the middle 
of the thighs. 2. a mat of 
straw rope. 3. a covering 
for a horse. 

icallapini (^^^ w. . To 
get weak. 2. to become use- 
less. 3. to fail, lose; cf. &$ 

* J PQ 

SJ3&;D callapilli, s. Confusion, 
disorder. 2. dispersion, scat- 

calli, s. A chip. 2. a reed. 
3. a potsherd. 4. a kind of 

calluni (**,), P. n. To 
spill, shed ; to disperse. 

calle, ^. A weak or timid 
man. 2. the name of a man. 
callepille,.^. Youngsters. 



>S) where shall I take these 
little ones? 

cavadig-e, see t^>a/*. 

cavane, ^. An instrument 
for drawing wire, pincers, 
tweezers. S sroS ^(55$ to 

O S) 

draw wire through it. 

cavara, ^. A fly-brush. 2. 

cavala, s. Half a rupee. 
2. the ceremony of tonsure 
of a child. >^ interest 
at 12| per cent. 

cavi, s. A. disease of newly 
born infants. 

cavuntu, see 

cavuntuni, see 
cavuka, w<? 

^^"^ cavukasa, cavu- 
kasi, j". Cleverness in dealings, 
marketing with judgment. 
2. leisure, respite; bet. 

cavuki, cavuke, see 

cavura, J 

cavurasu, J. A square 

cavuri, j^ ^8- 
5 2^^)^ cavuli, cavuli, adj. 
Cold. s>?5 cold water. &o 
55 very cold water. 

ds^^j cavulu, cavulu, 
^'. Brackish, saline. s^js^o 
poor or infertile land. 3)^- 
nitre ; earth salt. 
^)*5e)oaj cavulikayi, s. The ve- 
getable Dolichos fobas for 

aosJD 4 " cahalu, caharu, s. 
Expertness, dexterity. 2. 
T? calaku, w etoS- 

calaki, J. A kind of bra- 
celet, made of gold and coral 

calacala, s. A bubbling 
noise. 2. glittering. ^Soo 
skfc to glitter, glimmer, shine. 





caltumbu, s. A double cone- 
shaped ear-ornament worn 
by females. 
cali, see f^o. 

call?, #?* ^<5>- 
calla, $ *% 

callamara, .?. The mon- 
key-fruit tree. 

25e> ca, s. The tea plant, Thea 

I'iridis. 2. lemon grass, 

Andropogon schoenanthus. 

3. infusion or decoction of 

the leaves of tea or any medi- 

cinal plant. ^ the tea 

leaves. T&#O^ to prepare tea. 

25*3 okf cantu, see ^0. 

15-5 ciS cante, adj. Lame, crippled. 

ss5 a lame leg. 

candale, see e^oz33e3. 
canduni (e^>o5), f. a. To 
fling or dart a spear. 
3oo3)dj> campaduni (t^os^S), 
z'. a. To withdraw, get out. 
?c^ campu, s. A knot, as of 
an angling tackle. 
e>o2oo> cambuni (troo^), z/. ^. 
To flee, escape, run away. 
2. to close, shut, shrivel, as a 
flower. v.a. To lift with a 

caku, s. Chalk. 
3*. cakattu, s. A kind of 
bracelet made of coral and 
gold beads. 2. a packet of 
tea. d ^jrf, trs^sSffsoaj a 

bead of such a bracelet. 

, L3e>. cakari, cakri. J. Ser- 


vice, employment. cscSo a 
servant. oktf^s to do ser- 

cacuni (wa*), v. a. To 
stretch out, hold out. 2. to 

catu, ^. Exchange, barter ; 
also *teH rfo^sj to barter, 

catu, ^. Force, current. 
current of water. 

tSBeJxs'^oo^. cataka, cata- 

kamantra, s. An incantation 

for destroying or subjugating 
a person. 
25>e3, 25j)^3 cati, cate, see >>S. 

cadi, ^. Defamation, slan- 
der. 2. talebearing. 7w3 
a slanderer, talebearer. 3 
tfs?, ora^rf, ^^ slanderous 

s>&oix>> cadiyuni (^s5), ^. a. 
To slander. 
33JY catappu, see &*>. 


cati, see epS. 

cature, ^. A clever, dex- 
terous person. 

e>3ocdjr caturya, s. Eloquence. 
2. dexterity. 3. cleverness; 
also 80 5 ) ^'- Skilful, clever, 
a dexterous man. 

canahani, J^ ^?^>$>. 
canu, J^ ^?^- 

cinulu, ^. A woman's 
neck ornament. 

capakane, j^ e 




capane, >". A lever. 2. 

capisuni see ^rab?l>$. 

capu, s. The cock, as of a 
gun. 2. a piece of a cloth 
or web, containing several 
garments etc. 3. a shop: 
b:t. 1134. 3 ~A5O3o a thin 
metal plate, ssc&a?^ s$_, oa 
^)i a piece of cloth contain- 
ing several towels or hand- 

ss5 cape, s. A mat; fo/. t>-&. 2. 
y&? epi. -3ie;o3j a kind of 

cama, sec 52^0. 2. 56't 1 &fv^o. 
camara, s. A fly-brush 
of the hair of yak or bos 

camlkara, s. Gold. 

camundi, J. A goddess 
so called, a form of Durgi. 
2. the name of a female 

came, see 

cayi, j. Ink. 2. see 

caru, J. A kind of pepper- 
water; also 7X>5. 
cara, see eto. 
carage, ^. A cocoanut. 

, I5s)dfl carani, carane, s. 
Smearing a wall or floor 
with mud, chunam or cow- 

cari, ^. A traveller. ^>^ 
a traveller on foot. 

caritra, see 

5^^56 carukaneslre, ^^ w> 


care, 5. Features. 2. food. 
3. a cocoanut tree; cf. ss3. 
^^3^r^g^3 carkhanesire, ^. A 
female's cloth with inter- 
woven flowers. 
^SF^ carvaka, adj. Sceptical. 

2. sophistical. 3. opposed to 
the Hindu scriptures. 3o3 
scepticism, tjusror^ a sceptic; 
a sophist. 

calu, J^ ^- 2. J^ ^e<y. 

calageni, ^. Rent for 
one year. J?I3 a written 
agreement for one year's 

e>3s>^ calaku, s. Dexterity, 
cleverness. on^So a dex- 
terous man. 
s> 3 cali, J. Nature. 2. habit. 

3. conduct. 4. scorn, mockery, 
scoffing. sto<3^& to mock. 
s)S^)?) calipuni (^*), r 1 . /. To 
mock, ridicule, jest. 
i!rioij calimara, s. The tree 
Ocimum gratissimuin. 

caliye, ^^ sseSoSj. 
callsu, num. Forty, a^y. 
Weak or near sighted. 5. A 
pair of spectacles. 

. -ilti, caldi, adj. Of 

daily occurrence, practical. 
s. \ routine of business. 

_ cavadi, s. An open hall, 
or veranda in front of a house. 



6 citu 

2. a public place where busi- 
ness is transacted. 3. a lodg- 
ing place for travellers. 4. 
a demon shrine, 
cavala, see 
calipuni, see 

cingara, s. Ornament, 
decoration, embellishment ; 
beauty; bet. y^cTstf. 

cingiri, s. A kind of fish, 
oh =$ cinglike, s. A large kind 
of ape. r 3^3. 

L oo 

cimcimsakkare, see 9 

cintakrante, ^. A 
man overwhelmed with sor- 
row or anxiety. 

cintamani, s. A fabu- 
lous gem which gratifies its 
possessor's wishes. $^3 a 
book on omens. ^oo^j an 
incantation supposed to grati- 
fy one's desires. &>&) a kind 
of pill. odoo^j a talisman. 
o;f cinte, J. Thought, reflec- 
tion, consideration. 2. dis- 
tress, grief, sorrow. 3. an- 
xiety, care, uneasiness. ^ 
4^ to be anxious c^ sor- 
rowful. _ s&tfo^ to reflect; 
to care. 

cindi, ^. A rag. 

cindidi, ^/. Spotted, 
a spotted turban of 
black or red colour. 
china, s. Gold. 

cinnali, ^. An immodest 
or incontinent woman. 

cimpu, see e! e cb. 2. see 
. 3. a bunch, cluster, ara 
a bunch of plantains. 
cimma, see asi>. 
ciku, //. Fie! 

cikara, ^ 

cikini, ^'. Tender, young, 
small, s. A chicken. &>&J 
a piece of tender, boiled 
arecanut. ^<e& a young 

J cikitse, ^. The practice of 

cikku, see S^ 6 . 

, cikka, ^/'. Little, young, 
small, short. 

cikkani, ^^ do^sr5. 
cikkasu, s. A cash, trifle. 
rf trifling, worthless. rf 
2000 a mean disposition. 
, cikke, J. A dwarf; the name 
of a man. 

<g l ciknoli, ^. A syringe. 
cig-ute, s. A slit of a leaf, 

ciguru, ^. A sprout, bud, 

^r^odo^ ciguruni, cigu- 
runi (2oh5, elXo5), z>. . To 
sprout, bud, germinate. 

cigalisu, s. A method of 
treating diseases by oils and 
ointments. 2. see 8$^ -rfo 
^s> to treat a patient by 
that method. 

citu, ^. The influence of 



evil eyes. s^oa to be af- 
fected by evil eyes. 

aite, 23el cituku,citiki, 
citka, s. A snap of the fingers. 
2. a pinch, as of snuff. sro^o 
a to snap fingers. 

citi, ^ elBj. 

citiciti, J. The throbbing 
pain of a boil, when suppurat- 
ing or forming. 2. a crash- 
ing or crackling noise. 

citti, s. A small spot or 
speck, adj. Spotted, speckled. 

citte, s. The foundation or 
platform of a house. 2. the 
register of a land. 3. a 
rough, daily account. 

5 the registered number of 
a land. 

citte, adj. Small, little. 
d^;res> a small man. ^JS?Q 
a small cock. 

, 2S3D, 233, SSI cita, cita, citi, 
cite, s. A funeral pile. 

the wood for burning it. 

p^ the ashes of a funeral 
pile. E^pstf Siva, smeared 
with the ashes of burnt bodies. 
.s citi, see a 3. 

, citkara, ^. The whirling 
noise of a war-car. 2. the 
notes of superior birds. 

cittu, s. A blot or erasure. 
336 a rough copy, draft. 

ifctfo^ to blot, erase. 

lJp citta, .$. Will, desire, wish, 
inclination, disposition, plea- 
sure. -*> correctness of 

disposition, purity of heart. 
3^3 as one pleases. 
-^d cittira, see **&). 

citturli, ^. An orange. 
o citya, ^^ e^- 
citra, j". A picture, painting, 


carving. 7^-3 a painter. - 
^sos3 a painted picture; ap- 
pearances. z>Za&) a curiosity, 
rarity, wonder. sa?^ ^j^ 
to work wonders; to make 
much of a thing ; to mystify. 

s.3J3eJ citrakuta, s. A moun- 

^j ' _ 

tain so called, to which Rama 
retired in exile. 
s ) 2p'3ri> citrabhanu, s. Fire. 2. 
the sun. 3. the sixteenth 
year of the Hindu cycle of 

^djJ?^ citramula, s. The lead- 
wort, ^cig rose-coloured 
lead-wort, Plumbago rosea. 
eSjatfo the Ceylon lead-wort, 
Plumbago zeylanica. 
^^^, tfflj citranakshatra, 
citre, ^. The fourteenth lunar 

rDo citrapurnami, s. 
The full moon of the first 
lunar month ^*j, which is 
observed as a holiday. 

citlipuli, s. A kind of 
cidra, .str ^. 

cinimitti, adj. Trifling. 

trifling work. 

^^S3-3c3r cinivare, cina- 
varde, s. A money-changer, 




jeweller. 8aasroar/3 money 
changing, dealing in jewelry. 

?! cinna, see 

fcf cinpitu, 

cipulu, cipulukotte, cipulotte, 
s. .The poisonous seed of the 
drug Cocculus suberosus. 

lht> 53 cippale, see 3z5d 2. a 
clamp used for torture. 

Zaob cippi, s. A cocoanut shell. 
2. an oyster shell. 3. a pearl ; 
also Stby 

sS^ri cippig'e, s. A tailor. 

2&i) cippu, s. A crust, scurf, 

^ cibbu, s. White spots on 
the body ; also ^Q- 

Do 13 cimati, cimiti, $. 
Tongs, tweezers, pincers. 

cimicimi, adj. Faint, 
prattle. eSjstfo^ a faint 

Sjjo^o^ cimukuni (dsSMffy v. a. 
To press, throng, throb. 2. to 

Sojo^^oo cimucimu, adj. Ner- 
vous, weak. 2. throbbing, 
painful. 3?c3 pain caused 
by a slight wound ; a nervous 
pain; throbbing. 
C cira, ^. A long time. adj. 
Lasting, durable, firm. ?rs<y 
a long time, always, ever. 
3ea ? eJtfosBea long lived; a 
crow; a younger member of 
a family. 
) ciravu, se 

ciraku, ^. A lamp. 
w^O ciriciri, s. Gabble, babble. 
2. drizzle. 3. a certain game 
played by boys, tip-cat. airir 
a drizzling rain. SD^O^ to 

cirka, J^ *tfF. 

cirke, ^<? ^f. 

cirtepili, J. A leopard, 
cirpale, j^ 8 ^ 3 ^ s? - 
cirve, adj. Tender, green. 

cilumbi, s. The fire bowl 
of a hooka. 

*, ciluku, cilku, s. Lift- 

. F 

ing, raising; a push. 2. the 
catch or bolt of a window. 
50^ a wooden pin used in 
playing at tip-cat. 

^o, ea^ cilimbi, ci- 
lime, cilme, s. A small tank ; 
2. see 85To8D. 

cilllu, J^ ele!^. 

ciluvana, J. The odd 
money, over a round sum. 
adj. Little, small, trifling, 
mean, low. 
cile, s. A fishing rod. 

cilkuni (^^), v.a. To 
lift up. 2. to flay. 

cillu. ^. A small round 
piece, a piece for playing at 
draughts. 2. &$ 

cillare, s. Small money, 
change, trifle. adj. Little, 
trifling. o Xa a petty ware- 
shop. ^elr trifling c^ contin- 
gent expenses. 3Q3 little 




work. crecSo a man of inferior 
mind, a simpleton. 
mean understanding, 
cilia, cille. see 

cilli, cille. s. A leaf 
stitched <?r folded in the form 
of a spoon or funnel. 2. a 
kind of cucumber. ~2 


scattered, dispersed; cf. ti^ 
. -D&WJ^ to stitch a leaf 
into the form of a spoon. 
Q^s* cillilu, s. The screech of 
an eagle. 

s3^) cilleli, s. A sharp stick 
to dart a fish with. 

cilvana, see sloo^N. 

ci, cici, *//. Fie! 
23? o^O, s^o-S-O cinkari, clnkiri, 
s. The stalk of a cocoanut 
leaf. 2. thin splitters of bam- 
boo used for stitching leaves 
etc. together; also ?c&o, 
aec&&. _^<y 4 a kind of cake. 


^ofc^o cmcm, -s. The chirping 
of birds. ^^i ^ a 
spongy cake; r/". ^JSO^JSQ. 
eJecslecsi^K ^oc^jsrfo g'o^ the 
cmcin cake has many (lit. 
300) eyes or holes. 

2^^oZaO^ clncuni (eleo^F), 7'. . 
To chirp. 2. to be scorched, 

cintuni, see &eouos>. 
cintuni (^?=), v.n. To 
burn. 2. to roast as a fruit. 
?oob, 25?oc5i cimpi, cimpu, s. A 
bolt, bar, latch. 2. a kind 
of sail. 

Ca clkade, j. A kind of 

cikara, adj. Not pungent; 

clkari, see el?^ra8. 

S^U cltu, citi, s. A note, 
short letter. 2. a bill, bond. 
3. a ticket, label, stamp. 4. 
chintz, coloured cloth. SSCA 
5d_ a shop-bill. ys^- a 
postage stamp. &>e<5_ a 
transfer deed, a mortgage of 
title-deed. soocS a bill of 
exchange. -3^4$ to paste 
a stamp. &-3L& to write a 

^ cma, J. The empire of China; 
also &. _ 53A32 Chinese 
paper. -rooSo a Chinese. 
a kind of medicine. 
a kind of pepper. 
'. Chinese. 


a telescope. ^aluin. e3S 
a blue light. sstJo a 
kind of music, used especially 
among Muhainrnedans. ^-3 
white sugar. 

^^ft^) cmekolu, s. A music 
band of Mfiplas. 
?&, Zff^ cipi, cipu, wtf e^eoSx 

clpu, J. A wedge, wooden 
peg. 2. a comb or cluster of 
plantains. 8.ttG$ew& 1. 

cimari, s. A loathsome 

clra, s. Lead. 2. bark, rind. 
3- a cloth made of bark. 

23 ?d cira 



clravu, s. A bag, purse, 

clrnike, .s 1 . Carved or 
chiselled workmanship. TO 
oi> an artist. 200:3^4$ to 
carve, chisel. 

cirlo, .y. Kesponding to 
a call in a game. fa?f. 

cilu, s. A split, splinter ; bet. 

s cileru, .s 1 . Forced converts 
to Mohammedanism. 
cu, see ee. 

cunka, rioo^. 

cungani, J. A tobacco- 
pipe. 2. .? s^o^rS. 
orioS cungudi, J. A trifling 
sum, odds, small coins, 
change. 2. anything of little 
value. srooTi a petty trade. 
*tee> a trifling debt. 

cunge, j 1 . A kind of rice. 
2. awn. 

o cumcum, see eioSo^oSo. 
cunna, see rfoop*. 
cunnei, ^. A kind of cloth. 
2. scab, scurf. 3. shabbiness. 
cumbana, ^. Kissing. 
cumma, see ^oSodoSo. 

cunyicunyi, .$. The 
hissing noise of a heated 
metal dipped into water. 

cukucuku, s. Chirping 
of birds. 

^^d cukani, cukkani, 
s. The rudder, helm of a ship, 
rtacicugude, s. A smart man; 

cuguli, J. The rind of a 
fruit or vegetable. 

CUCCUku, J^ E^O^e^O^. 

a cuccuni (^^ ), v. a. To 


pierce, bore. 2. to bite; cf. 

cuti, adj. Smart, clever. 
2. sharp, pungent. 

cutta, s. A cheroot, cigar. 
cutti, s. A span. 2. ^ 
. 3. ^^ ^otij^o. 
cudra, see ^orfj. 

cumucumu, s. Pain 
caused by the sting of an 
insect. 2. sleeping of the 
hand or leg; cf. slskoslsko. 
cumula, cumla, 

cuyicuyi, see 

curuku, s. Quickness, 
haste, speed. 2. sharpness. 
3. zeal, activity, adj. Quick, 
vigorous, zealous. 2. vivid. 
_ 30oa quick understanding, 

dj2^odo curucuru, s. A hissing 
noise caused by frying, burn- 
ing, etc. 

culaka, adj. Light; cf. 

culi, w ^9. 

culli, J. The plant of Bar- 
leria vbovata. 

cu, s. Setting on a dog. 2. 
driving a dog away. 3. see ^- 




cum, sec 

eJ, ^JSsJo cuti, cutu, 5. Es- 
caping from the grasp in 
wrestling. 2. aim; device. 3. 
perception. 4. cessation from 
work, leisure. 

cute, see *a8. 

cuda, ^. The lock of hair 
left on the head at the time 
of tonsure. ^aats^s&r the 
ceremony of tonsure. 

J3dri cuda, cudaga, s. 
A kind of gold bracelet. 
ftCSSS&eS cudamani, J. A jewel 
worn in a crest or diadem. 

cudi, .$. The coil of a rope. 
2. a bundle, as of fagots, 
betel leaves etc.\ also 7fa&. 

cudu, s. Heat, warmth. 
2. zeal. fl^/'. Hot, warm. 

cude, J^ ^^. 
SrS cuni, J. The front, van. 
2. strength. . <z<^'. Former. 
adv. Before. 

cunya, see ^fo. 

curi, ^. A knife, small 

curu, s. A piece, bit, 
small fragment. ^^ s> to 
pulverise, cut into small 
pieces or bits. "dss^lm to 
break to pieces. 

curna, s. Powder, dust, 
any pulverised substance, 
medicinal powder. 2. see rf* 

culi, see 

ceng-ani, ^. A friend. 2. 


cendu, s. A ball. 
to play with ball. 
oC^^jSri candumallige, s. A 
species of clustered jasmine. 
o<3DCo^ cendaduni (^osroS), v. 
a. To play with ball. 2. to 
destroy, ruin. 

ozl cende, 5-. A large drum; a 
kettle-drum. d^yj s to beat 
a drum. 

od^jrf cendemara ^. The tree 
Cerbera odollam ; a/5^ ^ciSs&tf. 
rf 83^ its poisonous seeds. 

cendelu, see Sz^. 
cennanayi, see 

cenne, see 

cenneburu, ^ 

s:i cembate, ^. A coppersmith. 
cembu, ^. Brass, latten. 
2. a small copper or brass 
pot. *o^ a coppersmith. 
_ cekku, see ^^.. 
i? cekkatu, <//'. Thin, lean. 
,;3oF cekkarme, j 
cekki, J^ **!. 

cekki, cekke, s. A 

T3 ~O~ 

chip, split, splinter. 
^0, 200 a cekkubandi, 
sS^e/ cekkelu, ^'^ &&<5. 


^^ cetti, ^^ ^BJ. 
C6tt/e, ^^ ^ 




cedi, &? *& 
^ ceppe, s. A splinter, chip, 
slice, paring. 2. disappoint- 
ment, failure. adj. see s33y 
-&&&, a^-dos to fail; to 
rest, lie down. 

d* ceradu, ~s. The ear. -3^ 
5 Leofe^is to twist the ear. 

cerige, ^ 
cere, see 
r cerce, see 
F cerbi, J^ 
^ cerva, -^ 
~; celave, ^'. Damp, moist, 
celuvike, J. Beauty, 

celuve, s. A beautiful or 
handsome man. 

y cellata s. Scattering, dis- 
persing. 2. spilling, shedding, 
celluni (&,), T-. . To 
sprinkle. 2. to spill, shed. 
7 r . n. To spill, drop, shed. 

celvayi, -y. Dyed cotton, 
celve, J^ 

,_ 9 

ce, J^ a?e 

2^ cete, cette, J^ ^e^- 
cedi, j^ ^?S. 

cenu, J. An awl, chisel. 
adj. Even, smooth. 
to chisel, 
cetana, see 

cedana, cedane, see 

cedi, s. One of the fiftysix 
countries of the Hinduwriters. 
ceny, j^ ^ e Fs. 

orts:* cepangelu, ^'. Curv- 
ed, inclined; cf. 3&c-R<5. 
cepu, see ^e^. 

celakade, s. The Indian 
turnsole, Tiaridium Indicum. 
cele,- j^ ?Se3. 

celgondi, ^. The sting 
of a scorpion. 

celgondimara, ^^ 

cevu, see 

. ceshte, s. A grimace, trick, 
gesture. 2. jest, mockery, 
joke. ^o_ ridiculous gri- 
maces. TTOT? one who makes 
grimaces, a jester, mocker, 
wag ; a humorist. 3otfo^ to 
make gestures, to mock; to 

celu, W 3e 
a kind of sport. 
cei, J^ ^^>- 

$x^r$Q ceitana, ceitanya, s. 
.., <& <o 
Strength, liveliness, vigour, 

animation. 2. life. crooSo, 

-3z a vigorous man. ^oo 

zk$ to lose strength. 

^ ceitra, s. The first lunar 

month, corresponding to 


ceila, see ^ (SJ - 

ceili, see ^^. 

ceile, s. A pair of large 




J3o!3 conti 



conti, see 

compudi, s. Copper 
powder. 2. verdigris. 3. see 

combate, see 
sf JSc^y^ combattalu, s. Brazen 
pot and plate. 

combu, see z^cax 
, cokka, adj. Pure, genuine. 
2. neat. elss^ pure silver. 

cokkata, 0^". Neat, 
choice, agreeable. 
beauty, handsomeness. 
cokkale, see $- 2. 

J cokkata, see 
, cokku, ^'. Stupid, silly. 

eS.^ well riped. 

l=y, cokke, s. A stupid man. 

cogaru, ^/. Astringent. 
_ef^a to be astringent, to 
have an acrid taste. 

cotta, s. A Pariah's hut; 

cotti, s. A woman with a 
maimed hand. 

) cottu, adj. Handless, 


maimed or deformed in the 

cotte, s. A man with a 
maimed hand. [ O f Pariahs. 
cottete, s. The headman 

conanginayi, s. A 

coppi, ^. A cap, hat. 
coppu, see ^s^. ^4y 

53Jrkj* corpatu, adj. Loose or 
thin, as cowdung /f. 
corpu, J^ ^B^- 
corpuni, see 

colake, colike, colke, columpe, 
see Sjs?e5. 

colle, adj. Halt, crippled. 
< a hyaena. 

^, conkattu, adj. Lank, 

lean, thin. ^ebs to become 


conkara, J 
conku, see 

-.3, ^JSP! conink^, conke, 
s. The scab of itch etc. 

conkuni, ^ 

conci, ^. The beak of a 

contu, see &a?uo. 
conte, see ?.js>o&. 

coku, f//'. Sapless, un- 
fruitful; exhausted, old. J. An 
unfruitful or old tree. 
O(&0Q cokoli, ^. A merry 

cogaru, sec -cS^X5. 
coge, s. A leaf or branch 
of a palm tree ; bet. &s? 

cota, adj. Short, small, 

^J, COtu, COttu, S. A 

span from the tip of the 
thumb to that of the fore- 




o codika, codya, 
s. A curiosity. 2. surprise. 
fl^'. Curious, wonderful. e? 
>$ to wonder, to be surprised ; 
bet, Aserfo. 

copattu, s. A kind of 
pitching or calking a boat. 
&abr$. 3TOTl>$ to calk a boat 
with a mixture of tallow (s3ja 
e>F and chalk. 

copavuni, see 

copu, <? sesSi- 
cope, . A scrap, scratch. 
coyi, J. Milk. Ss^a to 
suck the breast. 

coratu, J^ sloxJrS. 
corana, J 1 . A festoon of 
leaves and flowers, hung over 
the door-way or across the 
highway on a joyful or 
triumphant occasion, a tri- 
umphal arch; bet. &setfr. _ ^ 
wo^ to put up a festoon. 

S^d^^, sJ3^0coratana, cori, s. 

Theft, robbery. 3os^$ to 

steal, rob. 

3^6 core, s. A thief, robber, 


coli, s. Skin, bark, rind. 

S> to peel, skin, pare off. 

cole, see &J3<5. 


J3^c)^ coladesa, 
colarajya, s. The Coromandel 
coast; the ancient kingdom 
on the Kaveri delta. 
countu, see 

countuni (tfSoB), v. a. 
To pinch, nip. 

coundi, J^ a^tSoooa. 
couka, s. A square. 2. the 
linga box. adj. Square. ^o 
a square stool. rf^r a 
square piece of cloth. ^~ 

coukattu, ^. A door- 



coukadi, coukani, 
^/'. Quadrangular, s. A quad- 

coukasa, ^^ ?fe^53^. 

^^ coukali, adj. Square, s. 
An earring set with four 
pearls. ^ a female's gar- 
ment with small square pat- 

^r/jt^S'szo coukasu, couka- 
sa, see ^M^SOJ. 

couki, s. A railed veranda, 
pial. 2. a watch-house. trotf 
a guardsman. 

coukuli, w^ s^s 1 ^. 
couke, s. A stool, chair. 

o* coukkilu, J. A kind of 
earring; cf. 

, coutu, see 

coudalu, s. A square 

v^Q>fi coudige, s. A one-stringed 
guitar formed by a small 
barrel, open at one end and 
covered with a skin at the 
other. 2. a peculiar kind of 
neck-ornament. 3. a kind 

t couta 


of ear-ring. ns:&> a man 
playing upon such a guitar. 
^eJo^) coutatuni (^>S). r. a. 
To sing a lullaby. 
-3 couti, ^"6~ s3oq>r. 
sJd coupada, s. A quadruped. 
2. a kind of verse. 

coura, ^. Shaving; bet. 

courake, coura- 
daye, s. A barber. 

couri, .?. The tail of the 
yak. 2. a fly-brush. 

coula, .? E^ste. 

couli, J 1 ^ ^45- 

coula, adv. At once. 

3b he went at once. - 
again and again, one after 
^sc&o coulikayi, sec ^ 


coulu, see 

cha, s. The twentieth letter of 
the alphabet. 

chanda, see t^orf. 
chatachata, see dw^w. 

> chatala, s. The noise of 
a slap or lash. 353^0 s> to 
beat or strike heavily. 
c2)o^) chad&vu, see ^c3s^). 

chadali, s. A stupid fel- 
chadi, see 3&. 

i chatra, s. An umbrella ; 
^. 2. an inn, choultry. 

i_ *~* 

s^oauchatrantara, s. Wander- 
sr^psi^ chatradhipati, s. A king, 
sovereign, c&e^ an emperor. 
S, chatri, J. A barber. 2. ^ 
. see <$&) 

chapayisuni (^nsoso 
cj), v. a. To conceal, secrete. 
2. to deceive, defraud. 


chapavu, ^. Concealment, 
secretion. 2. absconding. 3. 
deceit, fraud. e?ls> to ab- 
scond. rfo^s to conceal. 
5^ chappa, ^t? c5^. 

tijO^ chappanna, num. Fifty- 
six. ~& fifty-six countries 
enumerated by Hindu writers. 
^=3* chappaka, adr. Backwards, 
on the back. ai^-do to fall 

J Qtf chapparige, sec $i&p*. 
j *"* 

chapparipuni, sec ^^> 

charachara, sec 

.: y chala, i\ Fixed purpose, 
firmness, determined resolu- 
tion. 2. obstinacy. 
exceedingly obstinate. s 
resolute or obstinate person. 
perseverance in a pur- 

do chala 



pose. 330^, s5o#o^s> to be 
obstinate; to persevere. 
oe s chalaku, see &&&. 

chalachala, s. Glitter ; 
$ chali, see 3. 
chadi, see e^a. 
chati, s. The breast, bosom. 
2. courage, bravery. rfoi a 
brave man ; a bold trader or 

^yscSd chadara, s. A silk garment, 
a shawl. 

chanasu, chanasi, 
s. Being peculiar or singular 
in what one does ; nicety, 
fastidiousness. 2. accuracy, 

chapisuni (sp^oJ), v. a. 
To stamp, seal. 2. to print, 
chapu, see ^53. 

e)^j, vpsti chapu, chape, s. A 
printing press. 2. a shop. 

)03j, ^jsoSo chayi, chaye, s. 
Shadow, shade. 2. colour, 
tint, dye. ^4y- black colour. 

oa chindi, J^ ^OQ. 

o^ chinna, adj. Cut, divided. 

broken, fractured, 
as a limb. 

ci chidra, ^. A hole, vacuity, 
perforation. 2. flaw, defect. 
3. disaster, trouble. 4. sor- 
cery, witchcraft. croc5o a 
sorcerer, wizard ; a defective 
man. rfo^s to assume an 
air; to bewitch, enchant. 
X)36 domestic quarrel or 

chi, chichi, intj. Fie! 

, fie, it is bad. ^tfosro 
fie, you rogue! 

doci chudra, adj. Small, little. 
2. low, mean. s. Smallness; 
baseness. 2. sorcery, witch- 
craft; bet. ^^j- 

chudre, s. A base man. 2. 


a sorcerer. 

cheda, s. Loss, ruin. 
, %>zd>$ cheda, chedane, ^. 
Cutting, dividing. ^otfo^ to 

cut, divide; to circumcise. 
^> a part, fragment; circum- 

>33)) chedipuni (^? a ), v. a. To 
cut, divide. 2. to circum- 

~ Ja 


^ Janti 

w ja, The twenty-first letter of ' 
the alphabet. 

wo jam, j. Rust. -?fj&a^ to 
become rust} 7 . 

zzo& Jaiiku, J<o? rfg^fccS. 

w 0=5=5) <3, WoJ3?3 Jankane, jankha- 
ne, see aie^tro^. 

janga, .*. Being across, 
transverseness. 2. a ceiling 
of boards^, over a fireplace. 
orts!) J angama, #a[/. Locomotive, 
moveable. 2. of or belonging 
to a Lingait priest. ~&ti the 
residence of a Lingait priest. 
te<y a debt, which is urgent- 
ly demanded. rfxb a move- 

J D 

able thing. 
^jj Jangame, s. A Lingait. 

Jangamemara, see 3^ 


lu, jangaru, Jangalu, s. A 
wooden platform placed on 
boats. ^ the rafts of a 
ferry boat to carry large or 
heavy things. 2^ a green 
colour, the subacetate of lead. 

worraofo Jangayi, see dcraoso. 

Woh jangi, s. Force, compulsion, 
oppression, ~t^t$os> to force; 
to plunder, pillage; to rebel. 
Jange, Janghe s. The 
calf of the leg. 2. an old 
man. -awcioa the calf of the 
leg to be disjointed. 

oh Jangli, J. A forest, jungle, 


waste laud. adj. Wild. 
5 the forest department. 
Jannayi, see 

janjara, jajari, s. 
Fetters. a^srecS a bail for 

a prisoner. 

janjara, adj. Serial, ordi- 
nal. ^ceoS serial numbers. 
o23>l; Janjata, s. Trouble, an- 
noyance, grief. 

Janjara, see Xctsvti. 
janjali, s. A wall-piece 
or long swivel gun. 2. flatter- 
ing, fawning. 

o3a>s3 Jari.jale, s. A talkative 
man; a boaster. 
ofcjoo Jamjum, s. A sound, utter- 
ance. ^f^tf he does not 
say a word. 

jandu, see -cS. 

jande, s. Delay. 2. a 
tassel on the tail of a tiger 
in a masquerade. 3. ;in 
ensign, standard, flag. 
to hinder, stop. j-- 
ore* jannujannu, see rt\*f 
janta, s. Ivory, the tusk of 
an elephant. 2. SM -=3$. 

Jantaga, J. A halter-band- 

Jantaru, s. A kind of 

wo 3 Janti, J. A rafter, a piece 
of timber crossing a rafter. 




.A creature, animal. 
2. a worm. 
SioJjante, see atoS. 

Jantra, see cdoc^j. 
_ Jantri, s. A calender. 2. 
a table of interest. [-#$ . 
3>?d><s 5 jannirolu, ^^ oax>s> e 
D^ Janne, ^. A burnt offering. 

sSjjjjd &jo3jdo<3 jampamara, 
jampemara, see 3ax>?ro. 
osSsi)^ Jampetala, s. A mode of 
beating time in music 
Jamba, see atofS. 

! Jambara, jambara, 
s. An affair, business. crooSo 
a busy man. ?5;$>4$ to 
finish a business. 

Jambukhanu, st 
Jambudvlpa, s. India. 

tdosjo^djs*!? Jam- 
bunlrolu, Jambuniroli, s. The 
rose-apple, Syiigium jambo- 
lanum. 2. Jambosa malac- 

Jozoo^jJSS Jambumuri, s. An 
offensive smell. 
jZooS jambuli, s. A kind of 
basket made of date leaves. 
>$ Jambha, s. Pomp, ostenta- 
tion, display. 2. foppery; 
also fcoepsu. [Indra. 

:2pDQ Jambhari, s. A name of 
:Ej2 Jambhe, s. A giant. 
s^j Jamma, see a;^. 
Drfo^jT^ Jammanige, j. Headman- 
ship among Pariahs. 2. idle 

j'ammane, s. A demon 
priest. 2. a headman of 

Jakam, see a!>So. 
Jakani, see K* e rf. 
, , ta^,, 5=5;, & jakku, Jakka, 

^" o" o" 

Jakkadi, adj. Worthy. 2. 
youthful. 3. see ^^j. ajrf^cS 
a youthful man. ~&j the 
ruddy goose. 20^0$, sire'docS 
to undersell- 

^,d Jakkini, s. A married 
woman who dies in her 
husband's lifetime, and causes 
demoniac possession. 
^o, jakku, see &% 
=ao, C> J akkuli, -^ 
^Jakke, J. Vanity, foppishness. 
-crocxb a fop. rof a coquette. 
^c?? strut, affectation of 
diginity in walking. S3^do 
s to boast. 

& a* Jakkelu, ^. The lap; cf. 
'SofeS ^>. ^podojn^) to tarry, 
: Jakri, s. Plenty. 

Jakhamu, s. A wound, 
to be wounded, bruised, 
fcsri Jaga, see &*. 
tart, wr(3^, jart^g Jaga, Jagattu, 
Jagatya, s. The world, uni- 

fcirio>jp> Jagannatha, ^. A cele- 
brated place of pilgrimage. 
t^rto^D^ Jagannathe, s. The lord 
of the universe. 2. a name of 




aga, aga, see o 
fcirt Jagali, s. An open veranda. 

r!s7e>y Jagala, Jagalata, ^. 

Quarrel, fight, dispute. -Xo 

fc3 a vixen, shrew. 

Jagude, s. An old man. 
r* Jagulu, ^^ &Xs?. 
fl Jage, s. A sigh, groan, 

ejaculation; cf. &^. ^u^s 

to be unable to breathe, 

to breathe hard. 200^$ to 

groan, sigh. 
n*" jaggu, s. A kind of small 

fish. 2. delay, postponement. 

K caciia to delay. Ffttefrss a 

sluggard, lazy fellow ; a/j<? ^^ . 
A^ sj^j Jaggavuni, see 5*7^4$. 
f\ Jagge, s. Stooping, bending. 

2. see ft*- 3. J^ under &K . 
tio^ jajjuni (aj?|), P. . To 

bruise, squash, crush, pound. 
b^rib^ Jatupatu, adv. Smartly, 

promptly, speedily. 
kJ Jata, see ^ti. 

3 Jatajata, Jata- 
pati, J. Strife. 2. hurry, con- 

issjJdor;) jatamainsi, s. The 
Indian spikenard, Nardo- 
stachys jatamansi. 

Jatile, s. A hermit, ascetic, 
jfcS Jate, w^ a A 

fei jatka, adj. Soon; /~. Ktl. 
ll Jatti, s. Awaist-band, belt. 

2. a wrestler, boxer. t 
a boxers' combat. tf a brave 

man; the tutelar god of 
wrestlers. ^-do a pair of 

fci^d Jathara, J. The belly, stom- 
ach. 2. womb. adj. Firm, 
hard, aretes?^ digestive power, 

Jadu, s. Origin, root, -eoo 
jroa the ultimate source. 
d Jada, s. Fatigue, weariness. 
2. dullness. adj. Sick. 2. 
dull, stupid. 3. inanimate. 
4. cold, -ssa cold weather. 
-Xore sluggish disposition. 
full of dullness. &^n> 
a very stupid man. tf 
to stretch oneself. 
fc a e) oSo nb ^ J aday isuni, J^ a L . 
t^a Jadi, ^<? sJ^, 2. j^ ri^. 

Jadita, Jadta, s. Ram- 
ming, stuffing. w3tl>, see 

jaditi, jc oL\oas. 

^a^)^, ti^ajjo^ jadipi- 
ni, Jadipuni, Jadiyuni (^a, xa 
otf), r'. . To ram, stuff, 2. 
to load, as firearms. 2. to 
drive cattle. 3. to rain in- 
cessantly. ajaSsrosro^s to 
drive in, fix. 

3j Jadu, s. Apathy. 2. fright, 

| Jade, J. Matted or clotted 
hair. 2. plaited hair. 3. the 
hood of a serpent. SP 
kind of cactus. & small. 
circular, ornamented, gold 
plates attached in succession 




on or alon with a woman's 

plaited hair. soz orna- 
mented tassels suspended 
at the end of a woman's 
plaited hair. ^^^ to fasten 
braided or matted hair, a* 
"d in clots, braids. 
d^ Jadepuni, see aaSte. 
q^jadka, adv. At once. 
8* jaddu, .y. Callosity, hard- 


ness, as of the skin of the 
hand, etc. from much use; 
also rfS . <zd/. see sSS . 

& J G> 

S Jaddi, J. Land subject to be 


overflowed by salt water ; bet. 

Jadti, - 

Janujana, see 
Jata, -?* KC 

? Jatana, ^. Carefulness, adj. 
Secure, careful, fast. 
Jati, see odo. 

jate, ^. A pair, couple. 2. a 
set. 3. equality of shape, size, 
etc. adj. Equal. AS^, gaoSo 
a companion, colleague. 5 
uoa to make a pair. 
^ Jatna, see o^o^. 

rfodo^ Jadaruni, Jadu- 
runi, see ^irfdo?). 
j Jadra, ^. Poverty, want, 
penury, distress. 2. ailment, 
indisposition. adj. Poor, 
indigent, distressed. 2. mean, 
worthless. rooSo an unfortu- 
nate or worthless man. sro 

33 vulgar speech. 3^$ to 
be indisposed. 

jana, J. Man, individually 
or collectively; people,. po- 
pulation, community. 3j$ 
persons, both old and young, 
mankind. &3 ^oasr a^)-^ doa^r 
is it the people or festival 
that attracts most? 

WDd janakabare, s. A kind 
of plantain tree. 

Janake, s. A progenitor, 

janajana, s. Every one. 
be talked of by every 

janajanita, adj. Rumour- 
ed abroad, generally known. 
Janana, s. Birth; cf. a 5^. 

birth and death. 
Janani, s. A mother. 
fc!^ janaranjana, s. Popular, 
pleasing to people in general. 
Jananga, s. A nation, 
body of people; generation. 

janapavada, s. Public 
censure. 2. disgrace, infamy, 
janipuni (as), v. n. To 
arise; to be born. 
Janilu, see 7\r5. 

janivara, s. The brahmi- 
nical thread. STOT!>> to put 
on the brahminical thread. 
, Janma, J. Birth, nativity, 
state of existence. ^^r, 
3j3si inherent sin. 31^ a 



, Janmantara, s. Another 
birth. 2. regeneration. 3. 
transmigration. [beet. 

c^S^ janmipuni (^^), v. a. To 
sj japa, s. Repeating prayers, 
incantations or the names of 
the gods, as an act of adora- 
tion. 33 religious devotions. 
rftf a rosary. 383$, 
to pray, to repeat 
prayers, /. 
?oc3 japasana, see Asezrarfii 

Sjapipuni, japisuni, 
(&^), 7>. #. To repeat prayers 
etc., as an act of adoration. 
Japudavni, c. r. (of & 
To cause to let down, 
to lower. 

5)do> japuduni, v. a. (a^5) 
To let down, lower. 
, Japti, s. Confiscation, se- 
questration. 2. attachment, 
law. ^o*^s> to attach, con- 

.orio* Jappangely, s. Goods etc. 
remaining after selection. 

jappu, s. Selection, choos- 
ing; cf. esaisgy 

^Jappuni (&), v.a. To open. 
2. to descend, come down, 
alight. 3. to select, choose; 
cf. csai^a. Krc-3-6 to open 
the door. &&r to descend, 

^a* jappelu, ^. A descent, 
slope. 2, ebb. 

jabarujasti, Jabari^dastujabaru- 

dasti, s. Violence, force, ur- 
gency; also aieo^-do^si^. -rfo 
^s> to force; to dun, set on. 

fciWO^joSo jabarumeyi, ^. A stout 
body. adj. Stout. 

jababu, see &xv%. 
Jabulu, adj. Slack. 
-^ Jabti, ^ -^,- 
fiL, tau^ jabbi, jabbu, s. An old 
woman, a hag. 
soo. jabbu, J. Delay, adj. Hol- 
low, empty within, not solid. 
2. old, infirm. 
j3 N jabbe, s. An old man. 

j. A carpet. 2. a blanket. 
Jamunlrolu, ^. 

pj*' jamanu, s. A kettle. 

2Joa, tasjjszooa jamabandi, 
jamabandi, s. Settlement of 
the assessments. rfj^s to 
settle assessments. 

jamalukotte, s. Cro- 

ton seed. 

jamakharci, s. The receipts 
and disbursements, 
d3e>o3j?oo> jamayisuni (K^JSOW 
co), 7-. a. To collect. 

aoo5) Jamipuni (^^), P. a. To 
utter incantations, in order 
to gain the favour of an evil 
spirit or demon, or to charm 
it away. 




jammu, s. The soil, 
ground, land. CTOT? a land- 
holder, zemindar. 
oo^j jamuku, s. Kashness, in- 
considerateness. 2. pride, 
haughtiness; cf. ar>js!r, riot&tfo. 
jo^opi jamukuni (arti5), r>. #. 
To brandish. 2. to smack. 
3. to frighten, threaten. 
l> jame, s. A collection, gather- 
ing, assemblage. 2. assess- 
ment. 3. receipts. 4. cogni- 
zance. 5. lurking. 6. over- 
hearing. ^slr, see. a^re^ 
elr. ;&>!)$ to lurk, spy ; 
to overhear; to estimate. 
_ ^otfo^ to collect, gather, 

^oc3>8 Jamedare, s. A native 
military officer. 

jamepuni (3o), . 0. To 
assemble, collect. 2. to rec- 
kon, estimate; to meditate; 
also &!^SoSzi^o s>. 


SoD jameri, s. The hair about 
the body. Xot^ a hairy man. 


jaya, s. Conquest, victory, 
. success, triumph. &odo hail! 
vivat! tf$ the sound or 
shout of victory. ^e a war- 
drum. ?bs> to conquer, 
succeed, gain. 

jayanti, s. The public 
rejoicing on the birthday of 

a god. TO^O_ the festivity 
of Rama's advent. 

jayamini, see ^so^. 

, ^odi3s)C) Jayavante, ja- 
yasali, s. A conqueror, victor. 
oJo^oSoo* jayavijayeru, >^. 
The door-keepers of Vishnu's 

o& ii^oJo jayajaya, ^. Victory 
and defeat. 
oaocraari jayinadige, see 5raa*. 

jayine, J^ ^A 

o5o^j?> Jayipuni, jayi- 
suni, see ^s. 

Jayilu, j^ ^^. 
jara, s. Fever. croi5^_ a 
hectic fever. ox>^ a fever 


from morbid heat in the body. 

Ib^ bilious fever. 3jsSs3 

small-pox. 333_ rheumatic 

fever, tfossjs^ typhus fever. 

T^ , ^e^ fever with ague. 

~2o>F$ to be attacked with 

fever. ax>a^ fever to abate 

<?r leave. 

rf Jara, J. Old age, decrepitude. 

2. hardness. 

d^oci jarakande, s. Enlarge- 

ment of the spleen, ague- 


jarakka, see tfj. 
jarajara, see rfww 
Jaradu, ^/'. Vain, unsub- 



r, J 

d^ jarane, see 




jarabu, jarabu, see 

Jarabari, s. Tall aud 
stout, well-proportioned. 

fcso^dodrs Jaramarana, s. Old age 
and death; death in old age. 

^Us)3c$ jarasandhe, s. A king of 

& D Jari, .y. A precipice, slope. 
2. gold or silver thread 0r 
lace. 3. cuttings. 4. grit, 
granule. 5. sand. 

jaripuni (&), '. a. To 
insult, jeer, despise. 2. to 
shake, make tremble; cf. ri& 

Jariyuni (^a), 7'. . To 
fall or slip down. 2. to wear 
away. 3. to shiver, tremble. 
5 20j5-do$ to fall off, drop off; 
to be cut away. 

dj jaruru, s. Necessity, oc- 
casion, urgency. 2. want. 
3. pressure, adj. Necessary, 
urgent. arck>5rf pressing, 
urgent. &rtfjs"do^ urgently. 
! jare, sec -3. 

Jarepuni, see &!&^^. 
rf jarra,fl^ r . Suddenly, quickly. 
_ 2^-doato slide down suddenly. 
jarka, J^ ^*^- 

jartonuni, j^ cS^sx 
jarpu, J^ ^4^- 
jarpuni, sees&i&. 2. sec 

Jarbu, s. Oppression, 

undue authority, overbearing 
conduct. A3T? a tyrant, 
oppressor. tl> s^;fdoa to 
speak in an overbearing tone. 
r^j ^e^ to walk with a 
haughty mien. o&tfo^ to 
show undue authority. 

jalumbevuni (^5od), 
r-. . To be born. 2. to be 

fcis;* jalujalu, ^^ r . Brightly. 
2. see ao.f'afcf. 

^) jala, ^. Water. -S)?^ sport- 
ing in water. zx>3 water 
beverage. orfoo^j a water- 

jalaku, ^. Glitter, gleam. 

to glitter, gleam. 
Jalaka, J. Bathing, ablu- 
tion. ^o^s to bathe. 

jalakavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to shine. 
<^-> Jalakuni (^e^), r.. To 

^rretS jalagare, ^. A man 
searching for gold in sweep-, 
ings, etc. 

o^o jalacara, jala- 
jantu, s. An aquatic animal. 
fc;^<3, ^ej3)d Jalatara, Jalatara, 
s. Gold <?/ silver thread, or 
lace. rf zJs'a a turban with 
gold lace. 

^ocr jaladu, see ^e.. 
w^nsd jaladare, scj z<j7x>3. 

^ej^S'sso jalapravaha, J. An 
inundation or stream of 




jalapralaya, s. The 
deluge; a flood. 

jalamatta, s. A level; a 
mason's level. 

jalamalaku, s. A com- 
plete set of ornaments. 

libilali, jalalibulali, ^. A mas- 
querade at the Moharam. 

33), ZdSoJojS Jalipuni, jaliyu- 
ni, see a^c^s. 

Jaldi, a^fa. Quickly, speedily, 


2> Jalma, so? &^- 2 honour. 
_ L&>3 imprisonment for life- 
time. z3^$ to dishonour. 

wjl jalmatta, see aj<y^>y,. 
& 43 * B 

S^aJJOci, t)^^ jalmiyuni, jal- 
mevuni (^^ d , 3 6 ), t/. n. To 
be born, come into existence. 

j Talla, ^. A boatman's pole. 


jalli, s. A chaplet of flowers. 
2. anything dangling 6>r hang- 
ing loosely. 3. boast, brag- 
ging. 4. broken stones, 
ti~ clothes loosely worn. 
a chaplet of flowers ; flowers 
dangling down the head, etc. 
&3^s>, srootfos to boast, 
brag. a^3o& to wear flow- 
ers loosely; to suspend a 
garland of flowers. ~c3?w$ 
flowers to hang loosely. 
>o&j) jalliyuni C 3 ^), v- n. 
To boast, brag. 

Jalle, jalledolle, 

J avane, Javane, 

javanye, ^. A youth, young 

javantana, javantana, javandige, 
Javandige, s. Manhood, manli- 
ness, courage, hardiness. 

j 3 a javandi, javandi, s. 


A young woman. 
javana, see 
javali, j^ 
javale, see 

javadi, ^. Civet. 
a civet cat. 

avanu, avane, J. 
A peon. 2. a servant, porter. 

o javabu, javabu, 
s. An answer, reply. ^jabrs 
to answer, reply. 

3D^craD?^, ws3'szooc3DS^ java- 
budarige, Javabudarige, 5 1 . Kes- 
ponsibility, accountability, 
liability. aJsssoocreTS a res- 
ponsible man. 

s? javuli, j^ a:' 9 ^. 

javegodhi, s. Barley. 

$ javvana, s. Youth, virility, 
maturity; bet. cdo*Sj3^. && 
rfo to fade, get old. 

rS javvane, see 


^ jalaka, J 

jalabala, J. A noise made 
by agitating water; bubbling, 
as of boiling water. 

. jalla, see &!<a . 

py * - ' OO 

janki, s. Prattling, chat- 




jangati, see 
jangali, see 

* jamparu, see 
jamba (#&5r 
What will you do? what are 
you doing? 

! jambavante, s. The 
king of bears. 2. a fat old 
man ; fern. araotSoo a fat old 

> jambave, s. A bear. 2. 
a strong, bold man. 3. a hairy 

^ jambige, ji- 
mmuge, ^. A flower twig of 
the wild jack. 2. a piece of 
coir rope used for igniting a 
gun, etc. 

jambe (abbr. of a^od), 
What is he doing? 
'so^ei* jambelu, ^/. Large. 
sjt3 a large breast. 

jakina, ^. Regard of per- 
son. 2. partiality. 3. respect, 
consideration. 4. kindness, 
compassion; bet. 

jakte, see 

jakti, see 

jagu, ^. A place, dwelling, 
station. 2. space, room. 3. 
land, ground. 

;rfoe3 jagante, s. A circular 

jagara, jagarane, 
s. Waking, watchfulness. 

s^^J the eleventh day of the 
first half of the lunar month 
Kartika, which is observed 
by the Hindus as a day of 
fasting and wakefulness. -e? 
zfci&ca to be awake, -^otfj & 

^J y 

to keep awake. 

jaginapatte, s. A kind 
of garment worn by females. 
s;P^o s jaglru, s. A rent-free 
land, a freehold; cf. crootls^. 
jage, see aft>K. 

i jagrate, ^. Caution, care- 
fulness, vigilence. 2. dili- 
gence, assiduity. e?cio^S), 
rfos^S) to be careful, cau- 

jaju, jaji, J. A ship. 

jaji, ^. The great flowered 
jasmine, Jasininum grandi- 
florum. ^^ red chalk. ^P 
jasmine flower. 
SZc^o3o jajikayi, s. The nut- 
meg. ^>tf the nutmeg-tree 
Myristica moschata. 

jajipatre, j. Mace. 
d^, s. A broom, bisom. 

jadu, J^ ^^5. 

jadumalli, s, A sweep- 
er. 2. a scavenger. 3. a 
servant in charge of a travel- 
lers' bungalow. 
!cfl jadane, s. Purging, loose- 
ness of bowels. 2. sweeping, 
3. see 

jadadaye, ^ 
S^S jadapuri, ^. A spider. 




jadi, s. A large earthen 

t3e>&>j)) jadipuni (&&), P. . To 
shake off. 2. to sweep, clear, 
jadimale, see s^S^o^. 

>ci jade, jadye, s. A 
weaver. 2. a spider. 

o jadya, s. Carelessness, 
negligence. 2. sickness, 

disease. 3. heaviness. 4. 
folly, stupidity. 

jana, s. Skill, wisdom ; cf. 
. _3> skilfulness, ability, 
janaki, see &>&. 

janadig-e, s. Cleverness, 

srl jani, jane, s. A wise 

jatu, ^^ cro^. 2. J^ cre?^. 

jata, ^". Born, produced, 
the ceremonies per- 
formed on the birth of a 

tS'Ss^ jataka, s. A horoscope. 
C^AJ a horoscope cast up 
without sufficient data, skrf 
TO a horoscope prognosticat- 
ing one's death. 

23 s> 3 jati, j 1 . Kind, sort, class, 
tribe, caste. 2. birth. 3. social 
position, status, adj. Pure, 
unadulterated; superior, high- 
bred. -^ -t?jid3 the rules 
regulating a caste. ^^o^ 
ceremonies peculiar to a caste. 
^J^OTS a horse of a superior 
breed. -?^, -3tf the mu- 

tual jealousy of castes. 

the usage and custom 
of a caste. -^^ ^NSoSo 
an outcaste. T^OTJ teakwood. 

a man of low caste. 

uo a to lose caste. 5 


^a to excommunicate. 
^>4S> to admit into a caste. 
_ srotf order of castes ; accord- 
ing to castes. 
22?) 3, 23 s)^ >j<3 jati, jatika mara, 

jatipatri, ^^ 
j atiphala, see 
>i jatre, J. The annual festival 
of a temple; ^". orfjs^. rf 
3^M the people attending a 
festival, pilgrims. 

, 33 do jadu, jadu, J. Sor- 
cery, conjuration. 
to conjure. 
jadi, w 

jana, 5^ ^^. 2. ws ?g^ 
janaki, s. Sita, daughter 
of Janaka. 

jani, j^ s^- 

Janipuni, januni, 

ane, J 

japavuni, c. v. (o 
To put down, as a load; to 
unload, lighten. 
3^ japaka, see &%** 

)^ Japini, Japuni (3=3), 
^. . To be unloaded, light- 


: jare 

Japu, .$. A kind, sort, form, 
different sorts. 
Japelu, s. Putting down, 
as a loa(l. 2. unloading. 3. 
a stone pillar for placing 
a load temporarily. 4. a 
halting place. 

)c Japya, s. Delay, loitering. 
adj. Slow, backward, linger- 
ing, loitering, 
sdtffl Jamuge, see a^ceS*. 
Ddo Jama, s. A watch <?? a 
period of three hours. rf 
Aae& a cock crowing at three 
in the morning; cf. ao3o. 
35l>cra> Jamadani, s. A knap- 
sack; /". craXasD^. 

JSeS*' Jammu, ^. Bail, se- 
curity. trooSo a surety, se- 
3doort Jamuge, ^ &;>c83*. 

Jame, ^. A cunning or 
artful man. ars^o^^o^ a 
great thief. 

t3e)03jSe>c)J jayikayi, s. The nut- 

23)OSo-so3o jayinayi, s. A grey- 

23^)05j3Jo, jayipatri, ^. Mace. 


t3s>o3o jaye, J^ ^^Sj- 

^ Jara, jaratva, ^. 
Adultery, incontinence. 
Jarange, ^^ a^a??. 

jarangelu, s. Slip- 
periuess, glibness, smooth- 

jarandaye, s. The 
name of a demon. 

o Jarajata, <^'. Illegiti- 

^D)S^)^ Jaravuni, c. v. (of ostfo 
?>) To let slip. 2. to strip 
off, as clothes, etc.\ to bark, 
peel, flay. 3. to lop off, as 
the branches of a tree. 4. to 
steal. dreS- to remove the 
thatching of a roof. ^^~ 
to turn the cheek-bone by a 
slap. 8OT-8-<5 to leave the door 
ajar. ^oo^_ to throw earth, 
as into a pit, etc. or fill it 
with earth. 

jari, s. Enforcement, exe- 
cution. 3^0$, ^jtfo^ to 
put into operation ; to enforce, 

22e)Or>Jarige, .y. The Mysore gam- 
boge tree, Garcinia pictoria. 
3>s? its fruit. ?* an ugly 

> jarunaye, J. An un- 
steady man, a backslider. 
3o jaruni (aS), r. -w. To 
slide, slip down; to move 
further. 2. to be slippery or 
smooth. 3. to tumble, fall 
down. 4. to be dislocated, 
as a limb. 5. to shrink, hesi- 
tate; to backslide. 6. to flee, 
run away. 7. to stretch, as 
the lobe of the ear etc. 

Jarupadi, see aftira. 

Jare, s. An adulterer, 

jarele, s. A runaway. 2. 




can unsteady man. 3. a back- 
slider. 4. a coward. 

23s>rr Jarge, see tttt. 

t3s)ir, 23Dc3r Jarte, Jarde, s. The 
sign Scorpio, the eighth Tulu 

23e53JF& jarpadi, s. Running 
away, decampment, retreat. 
rfjtf^s> to run away, decamp ; 
to slink, escape. 

CJSo* Jalu, s. A thrashing floor. 
2. a courtyard. 

Jala, s. A net. 2. the lattice 
of a window. 3. magic, con- 
juration, illusion. 4. pride. 
rsjcrfj producing, by magic 
art, supernatural appear- 
ances. ^i>3o?c:^_ bringing into 
existence, by sorcery, any 
thing required. 

jalaru, s. A fringe, net- 
work. 2. the borders of a 
garment, etc. 
Jala, see roefc. 

Jalandra, s. Any wood 
work with bored holes. 2. 
an ornament worked into 
small perforations or holes. 

Jali, see aft>d 

S^eJ Jalikatta, s. Black 
stripes on the throat of a 

, see 7&)3j>d. 

Jalimara, s. The tree 
Ocymum gratissimum. 

jale, s. Heat. 2. burning 
sensation. 3. pity, compas- 
sion, sorrow; cf. as&A 

ava, J^ 

s* Javakallu, J. A block of 
stone by the road-side to 
rest a load upon, a porter's 

#0 rfj 6 Javakudure, ^. A grass- 

Javadi, j. A kind of verse. 
2. .? &?3^a. 

)sj^^ra05jjavalanayi, s. A wolf- 

Javavuni, see afcs^a- 
Javige, Javuge, see 

vuni (a), see 
javelu, ^^ zto&<5. 
r^ jasti, ^. Increase, addition. 
2. injustice, violence. ^ 
c^o) to take by force. 
"rios to speak in a violent 
tone, to abuse. sfctfo^a to 
force, compel; to increase, 
promote ; to raise, as rent etc. 
Jahiru, s. Representation, 
showing, informing, adj. Ob- 
vious, plain, clear. ?&$ 
to become known ; to be clear 
_ ^o<^$ to explain, inform. 
Jalu, see 
ra jakshana, 
jinke, ^. An antelope. 

Jingiri, w<? ^o^j- 
Jinja, J^ a=^- 
Jinjavuni, see 

, see 
Jinjuni, J 




jindigani, s. Treasure, trea- 
sury, wealth. 

Jindige, s. Property, 
estate. rf-rf moveable pro- 
perty. atf immoveable pro- 

otS, t3of3^<f Jinne, jinnesvare, 
s. The name of a personage 
peculiar to the Jaina sect, 
who is ranked by them as 
superior to the gods of other 
sects. 2. a teacher. 3. a 

Jimbuni, see afocax>$. 

jimbuli, jimbli, see 


t3osi> jimma, <zafc'. Suddenly. 
e3o3 Jinhe, J^ aS^. 

Jikiru, s. Care, anxiety. 
2. interference. 
ri Jiga, ^ ^TV- 

jgaiga, jigijigi, 
j. The jingling noise of danc- 


jgiru, j 

S jijnasa, J. Asking, inquir- 
ing. 2. search, investigation. 

jitti, j^ z^Jjj. 
isJo, jittu, see -u^. 

. jitte, ? A lump, unshapen 

. z2^ Jiddu, Jidda, ^. Ranci- 


'. Rancid, 



dity, niustiness. 
musty. 2. j^ 
rancid oil. 

3 jiddi, a^//'. Back, postern, 
j. A small, raised platform. 
a back door ; a small 
Tidde. s. A kind of mortar. 


2. J^ sS. ef>53o;3oy_ a 

wooden mortar for pounding 

Jita, adj. Conquered, sub- 
dued, overcome. cciJ learn- 
ing a lesson by heart. 2^^ 
a disposition under discipli ne ; 
a firm mind. 

^oajOSojitendriye, s. One who 
has subdued his passions. 
2. an ascetic. 3. a sage. 
!^^ jittekalli, see &^^, under 

Jidda, s. Enmity, hatred, 
jiddajiddu, s. Mutual 

jiddu, J^ s3S. 

- & 

5*r^, co^r^ jinusu, Jinasu, ^. 
A thing, article, goods, pro- 

5*r3e>3 Jinusara, s. Variety, 
diversity. adj. Various, di- 

e;j, c3wj^o Jibalu, Ji- 
bulu, jibulu, s. Boiled, tender 
areca nuts. 

Jibuli, s. A kind of boys' 
game, similar to hopscotch. 

s^ jibba, see 0^. 

c3oD^j;e3 Jirasale, see ^?^ste3. 

:3i Jire, ^/f//'. Little, small. 
light red. 



jilumbi, see 
Jilijili, s. Splashing. 
s3^ Jilebi, Jilbi, -s. A kind 
of sweetmeat; also 

wOj jilupu, Jilu- 
bu, jilpu, s. Locks of hair left 
above the ear as an ornament. 

z3d jilme, see a!o<yjSo. 

toOi) , z3s3 jilla. Tille. s. A district, 

w' ro" 

eSsraUrLosoj, Jillatigobbu, .s-. A 

kind of game; cf. z<5^. 
z2e) P jillya, s. A curl. ae&$ to 

dress the hair in curls; cf. 3e>0y 
t33o, jihve, y. The tongue. 


t3^ Ji, ^//". Small, little, short. 
a short legged fowl. 
a dwarf. ?rooso a 
lapdog ; a small kind of dog. 
?5 fi Jiku, J. Creaking, as san- 
dals, shoes, etc. when walking 
in them. rf ^>ow^ creaking 

3fi Jitige, j 1 . A torch, flam- 
beau. crocSo a torch-bearer. 
^ Jltu, J. Advantage, gain. 
adj. Profitable, advantageous. 
_ ere^si to win, gain. 

Jinu, Jlni, ^. A saddle. 
-T^a, -ssrfo^ to saddle. 
F^ru* jmyisu, J^ eS^co. 
^ Jina, adj. Niggardly, parsi- 
monious, stingy. s'ci parsi- 
mony, stinginess. 
Jme, J. A miser, niggard. 
Jipuni, j 


jiradari, s. The seed 
Cuminum Cyeninum. 

?js)s3 jirasale, ^. A superior 
kind of rice, a fine table rice. 

jirige, see 
Small, short. 
a small species of capsicum 
(perhaps bird-pepper) of a 
stronger taste than other sorts. 

jiruni, see ^0$. 
jlre, s. A hero, brave man. 
6s3e>s3, 23?sj5>r3 jlrevale, jir- 
vale, s. A wasted palm-leaf. 
2. a worn out ear-ornament, 
jlrge, see &2?&*. 

jirna, ^. Digestion, adj. 
Digested. 2. tattered, old, 
worn out ; cf. \^&>- ^ the 
power of digestion. ?bs 
to be digested; to be worn 
out, reduced. 3o#o^> to 

rsrqred, ZO^J^FCJS d jirna- 
dhara, Jlrnoddhara, s. ' Repara- 
tion, renovation. 
rlr Jlrne, see 

Jirdari, see 
r Jirna, see 
??ja>Fs3 jlrsale, see 
d jlva, J. Life, existence. 
2. vitality, strength. 3. a 
living creature. esgsXg, 

S9SXS languor, prostration. 

rf XoO dear, fond. 3?3 
full of life; fresh. roo;S 




lifeless. ri ^o^r fainting. 
rfo^rXo at the risk of life. 
_ &1& to be quickened, ani- 
mated. 3<Ls>, tf^S), ^ 
^$ to take away life, to 
kill. 's'^.&ip'sos, zS&areofc to 
commit suicide; to bother 
oneself. si^a to be animat- 
ed; to spring, sprout. 333^0$ 
to swoon, faint; to be alarm- 
ed. ^e^fc to die, expire. 
200^3 to die; to endeavour, 
aspire after. o&tfo^ to 
revive, renovate. e^s to 
be envious. cSe^jj vital pow- 
ers. 8?407k s3?^ T?j8&F$ to 
help at the risk of one's life. 
^ol Jlvante, s. A living man. 
^$3, 23?3Ju^? jivakale, jlva- 
kale, s. Animation, vitality. 

to animate, i. e. consecrate 
an idol. 

^S5e)oJ Jivakante, s. A hus- 

e^D^ Jivakala, s. The life- 
time, existence. 
tz?t>3, t2?rf^?3^rt Jivaghata, 
Jlva^hataga, J. Danger to life. 
2. murder. 3. treachery. & 
^js^ a murderer ; a betrayer, 
treacherous man. 
dfcjo^j jlvajantu, s. A living 
creature, animal. 

jlvadana, s. Gift of life. 
, ? Care for life. 
rf jivana, J. Subsistence, 

livelihood. 2. life, existence. 
3. means of sustenance. -^^ 
a to deprive one's means of 
livelihood. ^o<s>o^ to live; 
to earn one's livelihood; to 
follow a trade. 
d^)$ jivanathe, s. A hus- 
band. 2. Yama. 

s&s^ jivamana, s. Duration 
of life, lifetime. 
dD3$ jlvarasi, s. The animal 
kingdom, living creatures. 
dzdo^ jlvasankada, s. Fa- 
tigue, weariness. 2. languor, 
exhaustion. t?L to be fa- 
tigued, exhausted. 
drTSN jlvasthana, s. A vital 

jivitmaj s. The sentient 
soul, spirit. 2. life; cf. 33sjr. 
8S?33^ man, as a sentient 

53>a jivadi, s. Living crea- 
tures, animal kingdom. 

tf jlvakshara, s. A vowel. 

Jivi, s. A living creature. 
2. a worm, an insect. 
33 jlvita, adj. Living, alive, 

?oO^ jivisuni (23?^oJ), i\ n. 
To live, exist, subsist. 

J ivu > see a? ^' 

Jumjum, see &(o5ooSo. 

Jumbuni (KociS), r. n. 
To suck, sip, lick. 





5o Jumma, s. A sudden stun- 

ning or smarting sensation. 
iJosSo jumme, s. Custody, 

JJoOfo junyi, s. A boiling or 

bubbling noise. 
o^zio^ jukasuni (aJosaco), 7;. . 

To nod, be drowsy, sleepy. 

^0,1 jukuti, see oix;-^. 

j^j, jukku, .s. A measure of 

tr . 

seven sticks in a game. 

ori juga, J. A pair. 2. twins. 

3. .? CXJOJA. 

Gaming, gambling, i 

a gamester, gambler. 

to gamble. 
lib. juttu, s. A tuft of hair of 


the head, cue. #&>$, _XcO 
srotlis to tie the hair into a 

Judde, see 22<^. 
20 jubba, s. A short jacket. 

i jubbu, s. A spheroid, 



iSl^fcsjsi^ jumjum, ^. Numb- 
ness, sleeping of the limb. 
2. a throbbing pain. 3. horri- 
pilation, -cribs a limb to be 
benumbed; to be horrified; 
to feel pain, as when a boil 

jsjjsa Jumadi, s. A demon so 

jumula, see 

:, jumma, sec 
;3o, jumme, ^^ 

Tumla, s. Total, whole. 

Jurunguni (aio-docK), 
w. w. To hesitate, be reluctant. 
jurumane, see 

julabu, JT. Purging, 
looseness of bowels. 2. a 
purgative. e^b^ to purge. 
_ ^jsbrs to administer a pur- 
gative. ^^oi to take a 
purgative. &&?> to suffer 
from looseness of bowels. 
C/XKL vomiting and diar- 
rhoea, cholera. 

^j^), tsio^ Julipe, Ju- 
lupu, julpu, see ^^- 
^osjo*, ^j^julumu, Julmu, s. 
Oppression, tyranny, injus- 
tice; also Koeoso, 3doeL _&;s^ 

C A 

tyrannical procedure, violent 

julumane, julmanu, Julmane, s. 
A fine, penalty. -rfos^s to 

juvadi, ^^ s5?^)2. 
juvali, J. A kind of reed. 
julujulu, s. The noise 
of falling water. 

, ^jstio juji, juju, J. Gaming, 
a wager, as with cocoanuts. 
^UOj^j to gamble. TVDT? a 
gambler. 3 &aeO a fighting 

, fciJ3Uo jutu, jutu, j. A lie, 

judipugere, s. A kind 

I Juti 


of tobacco imported from 
the Ghauts. 
juti, s. Shoes. 
s " July, s. The cover of a 
saddle, horse-cloth. 

! juli, .$. A funnel, pipe, 
spout. 3 ^ a distilling pot 
with a pipe. tScaio a pot 
with a spout. 

jembilu, jembuli, 
j- less> 

jembe, 0^'. Insipid, taste- 
jekuni, s a^rf. 
^^,2^ jekkelu, ^ a^ff. 


2rt Jege, stf* a*. 
n* jeggu, J^ ^. 

^ jegge, see ^ 

i^ jetti, -^ asBj. 
s^ jedi, ^. A speck in the eye ; 

bet. 3&. 

jedipuni, see aLs>. 2. 
see ^Qcxjoos). 

jede, j^ iS. 

^o^, "S,^^ jeppuni, Jerpuni 
(), f. . To lie down. 2. to 
sleep, rest; also rfJ&s^reofc. 

j J e PPj ^^ The last cowrie 
put in an empty hole of a 
playing board (^o^5do?6) at 
the end of one's turn. 
jeme, see &3o- 

< jeru, ^ *R [mity> 

jeshte, ^. Misfortune, cala- 
jenkavuni, c. f. (of?o 
To detain, stop. 2. to 
delay, put off. 

c^op jenkuni (-?-^), "'. ;/. To 
delay, be deferred. 2. to 
hesitate, waver; cf. 3eoo$. 
o jenke, -fttf -?=^. 
jeg-u, see trooSoK. 
jedi, ^. Glutinous clay, 
chalk, a kind of white earth ; 
also 3?a. 

jedi, >. /J/ part, of &^s> 

jepu, jebu, s. A 

jeru, s. A Pariah's child. 

stetf jeru, jera, j. Descent, 
declivity, precipice. 
c^^oioaj jerukayi, ^^ T^S^CXSJ. 
jerlu, J. Pariah children. 

jevu, ^. A child. 2. a lad, 
youth. e?s&- a male, man. 

a female, woman. 

jelu, *J* 5^. 

jeshta, J^ %3 ?d Q - 

jeshtamadhu, ^^ 

jeshte, ^^ ^ ? ^ - 

jeitta, jeitye, ^ ^ 
5 ! jeinadige, ^. Abstinence 
from meat and liquor. 
jeine, s. A Jain. 

jeipana, adj. Invulne- 

o^jeipuni, jeisuni (%), 
r r . (7. To conquer, win, be 

eimini, 5 1 . A sage so called. 
jeilu, s. A jail, prison. 




jonke, joiikelu, 
s. A bunch, cluster. 
Soa, dU'oS^a jompadi, jom- 
pudi, s. A shed, hut. 
joggu, .y a^-, 

joggura, ^'. Overripe. 
jsi jote, J^ &. 
jsJj, jotte, 


jolle, s. Spittle; ^. 

jompudi, see sS^o^a. 

joku, s. Ostentation, dis- 
play; vanity, foppery. 
S^osj^ jokumu, s. Danger, 
risk. adj. Dangerous. 
i^o^o jokulu, s. Children; 
cf. tSjse^- s&ae^ovsfeS^ childish- 

3? joke, ^. Care, heed, cau- 
tion; safety. Tktf^$ to take 

Joga, s. Abstraction of 
mind; see oSjaeX. Cfbs to 
be in ecstasy. soLrs to 
be seized with demoniac 

i^rtcsi) jogamma, ^. A female 

a^rt^. jogatte, s. Sitting cross- 
legged. -^orfoob^ to sit on 

S?r> jogi,^. A religious mendi- 
cant. 2. the name of a caste. 
3. the name of a man; also 

jogiparndu, s. A 
kind of fruit. 

jogipurse, s. The 
name of a demon. [flower. 
6gip u > s - A kind of 
jogimara, s. The por- 
tia tree, Thespasia populnca; 
also ^jse^ es^ Tirf zktf. 


jogu, s. A water-fall, 
cataract. [vessel. 

Joguni, s. A drinking 

2J3rta$ jogula, Joguli, 
s. A lullaby. 

Jojapaduni ( sroS), 
v. a. To sing a lullaby ; to lull. 


juni (Sj3e2, !&se), i). n. To 
lull to sleep. 

32SJ3 jojo, intj. expressive 
of blessing, Be happy, etc. 
It terminates every song of 
certain lullabies. 
joti, s. A plait. 

jodane, s. Joining, unit- 
ing, union, collecting. & 
^oi to join; to get ready, 
prepare. [&3 ? 7ix 

Jodapini, see under 
Jodavuni, c. v. (o/j;>t 
To make join, unite. 
jodi, see 
jodige, see 

jodipuni (Aeefc), '. . 
To join, pair, unite. 
3^crfoj^ jodiyuni (Ae5), .. 
To be joined, united. 

jodu, s. A pair, yoke, 
match, couple. 2. a pair of 
sandals. adj. Equal, like. 

two and two. e?b?>, 

zl j odne 




&s?T33?:$ to join, couple, pair. 
3o^s> to join, pair, unite. 
2. to assist, countenance, pa- 
tronise. ^ a pair of gloves. 
3^>3c3 a pair of slippers. 
60020 a pair of stockings. 

Jodne, see < &&fd&. 

Jotaduni (dse335), 
v. n. To wave, move, oscillate. 

joti, see d^?S. 

'g^tX) Jotikolu, s. A long 
walking stick. 

3?3sS[, dU?3?o jotisha, jotisa, 
see &oezv 

o jotishye, we AsgeS^g. 
jotra, we Ase^j. 
jonage, s. A wicked per- 
son; a lewd fellow. 

jopadi, see Aacia. 

J?^c3, 2J?3irf^, ^J3^5TO^ JO- 

pane, jopasana, Jopana, s. Care, 
circumspection. a^'. Cau- 
tious, careful. rfo^s> to 
take care of; to keep care- 

j35joe>s3rod jomalesara, s. A 
kind of gold necklace. 
joyi, see Ae?\. 

ise, J. An astrologer. 

Jora, see J2e5. 

, ^JS^DDdS joru, joravari, 
s. Force, pressure, violence. 
2. importunity. 3. power, 
strength. 4. severity, harsh- 
ness ; also 2S*e5, eO. ef >$ 
to become importunate; to 
become powerful, to be af- 

fected with liquor, tobacco, 
etc.; to be harsh. tro^a to 
be hard. ^o^s> to force, 

jola, see &s?tf. 

i, w^: o^c?\. 

jolata, J. Oscillation, 

Joli, Jolige, ^. A 
small bag for receiving alms. 
2. a piece of cloth suspended 
by a woman down her shoul- 
ders to carry about her baby 
in it. 

jolu, adj. Soft, moist. 
2. pendent, flapping. ^% 
a soft or moist kind of jag- 

Jovu, s. A child, baby, 
youth, youngster. 2. a fe- 
male child. ^o^o. e#otfo 

s^ jola, 5-. The great millet, 
Sorghum vulgare. es& a 
small kind of millet, Sorghum 
saccharatum, the Chinese su- 

joli, jolige, 

jouli, J. Cloth. roc&> a 
cloth merchant, draper. 
^s? joule, i//'. Tasteless, insipid. 

3^ ^ Jnana, J. Knowledge, wis- 

Jnani, s. A wise, learned 

man, a sage. 




jnanum, see 

jnapaka, s. Memory, re- 



,^ jyeshtha, s. The third 
lunar month, adj. Best, ex- 
cellent. 2. elder-born; cf. 

qk Jyeshthamadhu, s. Li- 
quorice root. 

jyeshthe, s. The eighteenth 
lunar mansion. 2. an elder 
sister. 3. the goddess of 
poverty (-3^ ,), misfortune. 

jyeshthe, s. The elder son 
0r w brother. 

<!?& jyoti, s. Light, lustre. 
2. a star. ^>^ c . astrology. 

Jyotisha, s. The science 
of astronomy ; astrology. 

i Jyotishye, s An astro- 
nomer, astrologer. 
d j vara, see &ri. 

^Os)doj) Jvalamukhi, s. A vol- 

jvale, s. Flame. 2. heat, 
warmth. 3. inflammation. 

i jha, The twenty-second letter 
of the alphabet, 
jhankara, see 

jhampetala, see 

Jhakayisuni (n^o^) 
, z p . . To bluster. tyran- 

rtd^rl jhagajhaga, s. Brilli- 
ancy. 3ooe3o$ to shine bril- 

Jhagala, J^ KX* 

jhaggane, adv. Quickly, 
hastily. ^00^0$ to flash, 
as lightning. 

Sjt>e3 Jhatapati, see &(6roaiW. 
Jhaditi, Jhadti, s. 
Examination, as of accounts. 
2. search, rummage. 


jhadipuni, see 

d^dcp^y jhanu- 
Jhanu, jhamujhamij, s. The 
tinkling of ornaments when 

jhameri, see 3o5. 
jhari, J. A spring. 2. a 
cascade, waterfall. 

Jhallu, ^. Sudden terror. 
2. palpitation. 

Jhadu, j y hada, s. 
Settlement or payment in full. 
2. completion, termination. 

e?b$ to be settled or paid 
fully, to be over, finished. 

do^$ to pay entirely, to 

jhadane, see 3dsrf??. 

Jhama, Jhava, see 





, jhalari, 


jhajige, see 

Jhenkara, s. The buz- 
zing 0r humming of bees, 
jhompadi, see 


1 ria, The twenty-third letter of 
the alphabet. 

S 3 *, 'SPSS nannu, riakku, s. 
Crushing, bruising into a 
jelly or mass. &^& to be 
crushed into a mass. ~&> 
^^ to crush into a mass, 
riakkanakka, ad?. Quick- 

"D" "D 

ly, swiftly; coarsely. 

?r!fo* nakkatu, naga- 


patu, adj. Lean, thin, stunted, 


si nappe, see rspcs;^. 2. see 

narunaru, sec &&e!e. 


^r riaranara,nar- 
kariarka, adj. Slight, little. 
?N slight pain. 
riarke, see z3r. 


linapuli, noliriappuli, adr. In- 
discriminately. 3^s> to eat 
riani, see a^s. 

nonnu, #<//. Shrivelled, 

noli, s. Anything sticky, 
gummy glutinous, viscous. 
2. saliva, -xtf y^/^ litoralis. 
to vomit phlegm. 

ta, The twenty-fourth letter 
of the alphabet. 

* tankutanku, s. Fit-a- 
pot, twang, as of a wire, etc. 
tankana, s. Borax. 
d tankasale, ^ ^c^sted 
tankaru, J^ ^^j- 
2 tanku, ^. The twang of a 


tangu, ^. A saddle girth. 
;?^ tantanu, s. A noise made 
in sounding a brass vessel, 
etc., with the knuckles. 2. the 
striking of a clock. 

?> takayisuni, see ^w> 
oao ;&>$>. 

takaru, takari, see 



, e3^..x takku, takku, see 

" ^0" 


takke, see ^ d . 

tagaru, s. A ram. 
jl tappa, adv. Flatly. sro 
<&$ to drop down flatly, -ao 
tfoa to fall flatly. 
s3a\<s/ tappalu, s. The post. 
2. a relay of bearers, bullocks, 
/.; also Us5y ^^ the post- 
office. ssXsS a letter-paper; 
a post-letter. - ^orfotS a post- 

tamate, tamki, s. A 
tambour. 2. proclamation by 
beat of tomtom. 553^0$ to 
proclaim in such a manner. 
tarayisuni, see ^ 

cl taravane, see t 

tavane, see ^&- 
?3, k$3 tase, tasse, j^ tf 
o^ tanku, ^. The nib of a 
pen. 2. basting down a 
stuffed bed, to make it secure. 
^xio$, so^s^toos to nib a 
pen; to baste down a stuffed 

o^c^, foeio^ tankanu, tanka- 
ni, see &x>3?e. 

tanki, s. A trough, or 

tankini, see 6ro^Fs. 

taku, wfi &3o^. 

ro*, ^si^c^ 6 takanu, takanu, 
. A Pegu pony. 


ku, takotaku, <z^'. Quick, hur- 
ried, hasty. 

o tane, tanya, see ^r. 

3e)3S tapu, U- 

pupituve, tape, J. Banishment, 
transportation. ?La to be 
punished with transportation. 
taru, J^ ^>S- 

tara, J^ ^>^. 

, kjss^l^c^ tavu, tavu- 
tikanu, see ^>4- 

tali, ^. A lie, deceit. 

talipuni (&), p. a. To 
deceive, cheat; cf. tsses^s. 

tinku, J. The sound of a 
stringed, musical instrument, 
as a guitar, etc.-, also I3c&r3. 
P*e3P* tinijtinu, s. Tinkling. 

tiku, ^. The sound, as of 
a pendulum. e?&$ to tick. 
tikanu, tikani, 

13 & tikki, 5 1 . Hitting one marble 

with another in a game of 

marbles. *>?&$ to hit a 


13* tikke, see ^ 
1313 ^ tittibha, J. A lapwing. 
13 ^cl tippane, s. A commentary; 

an explanatory note. 
tibbi, J^ ^e4- 

S tilli, J. The spleen, milt; 


^, I3^o tiku, tiku, ^. Mean- 

ing, interpretation, glossary. 

fcSe&rfos) to translate, inter- 

pret, explain. 



nira thdna 

5* tiku, 

& tiki, s. A small precious 

object ; a small bell ; cf. X3 . 


3or3 a gold necklace. 

tlpu, .5. A stitch; also ^?3 
& 533^0$ to stitch. 

s tukkutukku, 

o" u" 

tuktuku, dU/9. Rapidly, quick- 
ly. _eAO5> to dart, flit, fly. 

o^rjSsS, kSo'g'S) s3 tenkasale. tenk- 


sale, ^^ ^c^^toeS. 
5jpe>,2, eSe^rs tevanati, teva- 
ni, see 

tonka, J. The loins, hip. 
_ c^s, _3^)t43S> to hop, leap 
on one leg. 

toppi, j. A cap, hat, 0r 
helmet. 2. fraud, cheating. 
3. failure, defeat. -S'is to 
fail. aebs> a hat to put on. 
333ci)$ to cheat. 

tollu, j^ zSjatfo,. 

^J2^j toku, toku, .y. 
Cash, ready money. 2. total, 
aggregate; also aaeotfo, Sjs?^-. 
3ire4 money in cash. tfja 

total rupees. 


d tha, The twenty-fifth letter 
of the alphabet. 

'S^ thankasale, s. A mint. 

thakayisuni (^treoso 
^), f. . To deceive, cheat. 
2. to gain time by false re- 

thakari, adj. Spurious, 
false, counterfeit. ^ixi^j a 



*,, d^o, thakku, thakku, J. 

o ~O 

Dissimulation, deceit, pre- 
tence, hypocrisy, fraud. &3 
chicanery; hoaxing. 3f^$> 
to lie; to pretend. rfotf^s to 
cheat, deceive, defraud. 
5-, thakke, J. A cheat, dissem- 

thagar^, j>6 



7;. <z. To compose, execute 
any literary work. 2. to fix, 
determine, settle. 

tharavane, s. Composi- 
tion, combination of the 
parts of any literary work or 
discourse; diction, style. 2. 
settlement, determination. 

thavane, s. Simple and 
compound addition. "Sjtzsd 
4$ to add up figures. ss 
Tka to write down figures for 
o, d?o thase, thasse, s. A seal, 


stamp. 2. stamp duty. TK> 
X^ a stamp paper. 

'o thana, thSnya, s. A 
place, station; lodging; a 
garrison, police-station. 




tharu, adv. At one stroke; 
completely, fully. 

thavu, s. A place, abode, 
lodging. 2. cause, occasion; 
also Tro^a^sR). 

re*, &Ve>?3 thikanu, thikani, 
s. Resort, residence, station. 

2. means, room, opportunity. 

^ thlku, thlku, <z^/'. 
Proper, fit. 2. exact, complete. 

3. true. 3 ^roJ a sumptuous 

thlpu, ^^ &3?^- 

>?) thlvi, s. Ostentation, dis- 
play. 2. condition, state. 3. 
gait, figure, mien. 

o^i thenkara, then- 
kara, ^. The twang of a bow. 
2. haughtiness, pride. 
d^^)^, $dr?> thevanati, the- 
vani, s. Deposit of cash. 2. 
ready-cash. 3. keeping money 
in a bank. Beta to deposit, 
keep money in a bank. 

d da, The twenty-sixth letter of 

the alphabet. 

c3 da, a conditional particle af- 
fixed to verbs, signifying: 

If. e?o3o eo D rf if he should 

come, w^rdrf if he does not 

do dam, see tSSo. 

ZaoW", do^, do^rs4 a ^ u > danka, 
dankani, J. A large, double 
drum. ^OTfsaroaS a drummer. 

doS'srf dankara, s. The sound of 
a double drum. 
? danke, ^^ ^o^. 
*, dorto dangu, dangu, s. 
Surprise, wonder. tfL^ to 
be surprised, stunned, over- 

dorf, dorlo danga, dangara, see 

do^dort dangadanga, <&'. Hasti- 


danguni, see 

dange, jf^ ^-R. 

dangra, ^. Proclamation by 
beating of a gong etc. SB 
^0$ to proclaim in such a 

dandanu, s. The sound 
of a large drum 6>r gong. 
do 20 damba, see r$c$. 

dosod dambara, s. Pomp, gran- 

dozod dambare, see So^-S. 

2:j dambha, s. Ostentation, 

display. &8sio a to boast, 


ospDca^rf, dozpDjJ dambhacara, 

dambhata, J. Ostentation, 

empty show. 

^,, d^, dakka, dakke, s. A large 

TT_ 73" ' 

kind of double drum, shaped 




like an hour-glass. 3 200 
carrying an idol in proces- 
sion round its temple with 
beating of such a drum. 03 
cSo a drummer, adv. sc 

danadana, s. The sound 
of a large bell. 

dappu, s. A small drum 
beaten on one side ; a tabret. 

o dabba, s. A noise of any- 

thing falling into water. 20^ 
tfo$ to fall into water with 
a noise. 
o dabba, ^. A tin box, as of 


kerosine oil. 
\ dabbi, .?. A small box, chest. 


2. a box kept in temples, for 
receiving offerings. && a 
snuff box. 

dabbu, .$. A lie, falsehood. 
2. a boast, brag. 3. a half 
anna piece. 7&8 a liar; a 
braggart, r^oa to tell a 
lie; to brag. 

dam, s. The noise of firing 
a gun. ^So the noise of a 


ru, damaruka, damaruga, s. A 
small drum, shaped like an 

J3^, :3^j}d damana, damara, 
s. A kettle-drum. 
sjjsOo damami, s. A hollow 
sound, empty noise. 2. false 
dignity; ostentation, empty 

dalayite, s. A belted 

rf era o*, CaJ3>;) davalu, davali, s. 
A peon's belt. sroAsreo^ to 
put on a belt. 

ge, ^. A pedant, one given 
to affectation. 2. a hypocrite. 
daku, ^. Vaccination. SB 
to vaccinate. 

* damdum, ^ 

dalu, J. A shield. 
dalcini, see troe . 

dali, ^. An army. 

dinki, ^. A gymnastic 

SoS dindindi, ^. The kuolling 
of a bell. 

(SiS^o dindima, didima, 
s. A small drum. 

^z^ dib, dibdib, ^. 
The noise of a violent blow. 

dibbu, s. A push with the 

dllu, a^/". Loose, not tight. 
2. free, unrestrained; also ^ 

duk, jt 

duggn, s. Uneasiness. 

d.eJs)o5o?io?i dubayisuni 

c3), z>. <?. To drown 2. to 
cause loss. 3. to deceive, 

55* dubdub. s. The sound 
of a small drum. 




3,u dubba, ^ ^ v 
O w 

so^o sij 5 dumdum, J. The sound 

of a large drum. 2. -$#? ^So- 

^o^ordo^or durkudurku, J. The 
noise of breaking wind down- 
o^N dennana, see mritf. 

dere, .s. A tent. srorfos. 
to pitch a tent. 
deimanu, s. Diamond 
in cards. 

o^j donku, donku, j 1 . 
Crookedness. ^;". Crooked, 
curved. 2. perverse, cross. 

to limp, hobble. 
danka, see &&0&. 

o^<D s donkelu, s. Crooked- 

donne, s. A cudgel, club. 

ljSo^DeJ dambarata, 
dombata, see ^oeor^u. 

dombare, see djscd. 
J3os3 dombi, dombe, see 

s domberu, see 
^a s dombelu, see 

rrasj 5 , cSj&fb dokka, dokkalu, 

A A ^ 

doggalu, doggalu, doggu, see 


A ' A 

fcs^ doppa (-rf-^), 
With, together with. 
with him. ?^^re^o_ with 
man; cf. s^. 
j3^ doppe, see d-^. 

dollu, <^;'. Fat, stout, 
large. 2. void, hollow, s. A 

dolle, s. A pot-bellied man. 
o doku, J^ ^js?^o. 
35?S dobi, s. A washerman. 
dolu, j^ Z3^<yo. 

dolangi, see n"Stio?\. 
doli, J. A dooly <?r litter. 
dolu, dolu, J^ 

dola, s. The eye. adj. 

doulatu, j^ z57>e>i. 

doulu, 5-. An estimate, 
valuation. 2. appearance; 
mien; air; demeanor. 

dha, The twenty-seventh letter 
of the alphabet. 
0=0 dhanka, see 


dhere, j 

dhoku, s. Injury, defect. 
2. fear, alarm. 

re na 



rs na, ^. The twenty-eighth letter 

of the alphabet. 
red nappada, s. Weariness, ex- 


haustion; harassing. 
to be done up, harassed 
^ nala, adj. Smooth. 

ta, s. The twenty-ninth letter 
of the alphabet. 
o=& tanka, ?. The lungs. 2. the 
liver. 3. see *c3. ^Sodoja, 
3^4$ to be very much 

tanki, J&? &TOC&. 
tangu, .?#? sscK. 
tangada, see rfoTfa. 

tangadi, s. A male's 
younger sister; also ^of\. 
tangada, adv. Together, 
tangali, s. A cool breeze. 

r^rj* tanglsy, adj. Cold, chill, 
j. A fishing tackle, fishing 

tanguli, see s^oXoC. 

tCfl^ooZC?! tannanemannane, s. 
Deception, imposition, pre- 
tence. 7&s?o^ to impose 
upon; to pretend. 

tanci, s. A bag, purse. 

tanja, s. Evening, sunset, 
night. ~ a^, the evening 

taririana, s. Rice boiled 


in the preceding evening, 
stale food. 

tantavuni, see 
tantuni, see 
&S tante, s. Annoyance, 
trouble, difficulty. 2. mischief. 
3. interference, meddling, con- 
nection. Tratf, e^B a trouble- 
some, mischievous or obsti- 
nate man. dttfi vexation, 
molestation. ^?, ?^? bad 
goods; rotten things. ^j^ 
?> to annoy, trouble. fcSjj 
e?odo ^08 tSjsa have nothing 
to do with him. 
Cs* tandu, J. Whole. 2. j<fg 
adj. Entire, whole. 

tandu, tarida, s. Multi- 
tude, crowd, host, army. 2. 
a side, party. 

tandatundu, see 

tandasy, ^. A privy on 
the bank of a river. 
tandi, sec ^ca. 
tandige, see 





[raw state. 

tandula, 5. Rice in a 
tande, .y. A silver anklet. 

, ods3 tandelu, tandele, s. 

The captain of a native vessel ; 

a boatman, tindal. 
era tanna, ^^ ^or. 
oc-3^, gore^dora tannana, tannu- 

mena, see <3. 

)^ s tannasu, see 

tanni, adj. Cold; cf. 
^cr5?5 cold water. 

so 3 s , so^o tantu, tantu, .?. 
Thread. 2. pulse, vein, nerve. 
so ^js^j siorfooTl} only the 
pulse beats. 

3ov> tanti, .?. Wire. 2. the string 
of a musical instrument. & 
sj^> the telegraph. 

^oj, tantra, s. Craft, cunning, 
device, trick, intrigue, plot. 
2. worship performed by hand 
without formulas. 3. a reli- 
gious treatise on formulas, 
rites, etc. for the worship of 
the deities. 4. the part of the 
Vedas treating of magical and 
mystical formulas. 5. subser- 
vience, service, dependance. 
AST? , roo3o ? ^xaSr a crafty 
man. croS, see &o&\. 'rfo$>x> 
to play tricks, to deceive. 

tantrajne, ^. A man of art. 
_ so 3f& tantri, tantrike, s. 
One versed in mystical formu- 
las, rites, etc. for the worship 
of the deities. 

tandu, see 3o5. 

^cc^SjOoQ tandupudi, 
tandumudi, see ^oda. 

tandana, ^. An unmean- 
ing sound, used in humming 
a tune. 2. red sandal; t/". t*o 
rf^J. ^". Small. 2. deterio- 
rated, reduced, worn out & 
A ^odji ^oS this ornament 
is worn out. 

tandelu, s. A cudgel, 
club; also Xoa^. 

tandodi, . The handle 
of a plough. 

dJ3<i?r\ tandolige, s. The white 
dammer tree Vateria Indica. 
$^ tannana, see tiotig. 

^S^tannavUj^ww. One's own; 
his own. 

c5e)ir^tannate, tanna- 
teg'u, pron. For oneself, him- 
self, itself. dfo. Of one's own 
accord, by itself. ^rfi,aros 
to walk for oneself, ?'. ^. to act 
as one likes. 

c3Do3j tannaye, s. One's own 
man; a dependant; a friend, 

J3>r3ri tannimaniga, s. The 
name of a female demon. 

tanne, adv. Near, by, close, 
.?. A bystander. 
to stand by one. 
to vex. SO&FS to come to- 
c^ tannena, adj. Cold, cool. 

tannepinne, s. The old 
and young. 2. box and dice. 




tannede, sec 3*1$. 
ct tampade, s. Two slips of 
a bamboo placed close to 
each other, and tied together. 
^j tampu, J. Coolness, cold. 
adj. Cool, cold. v^ cool 
breeze. ?Ls> to become 
cool ; to be appeased, pacified. 
sktfo^s to cool; to appease, 

tambaku, s. The prince's 
metal, an alloy of certain 
metals, pinchbeck. 2. tobacco 

ofcS tambata, tambate, 
A tambourine, war-drum. 2. 
boast, bragging. 3 . see ^os&sa. 

to brag. 

tambada, s. A large drum. 
tambara, s. Coriander. 2. 

tambarande, 5. Garlic. 
tambaku, see ^020^. 
^ori tambige, s. A small, round, 

metal vessel. 

^oi t> tambila, ^. An ordinary 
offering to demons, etc. es^ 
< ^^ under e>M. ?roX_ an 
offering to serpents. $>&& 
a grand offering to demons. 
_&sl>F3 to give such offerings. 
tambu, s. A tent. csrli 
s, 55^03 to pitch a tent ; to 
remain, stay; to delay. & 
halt, stop in a march. 
ZOJ30 tamburi, tambu- 
ri, s. A five-stringed guitar. 
2. a soldier's drum. 

tambuli, s. A kind of 
chatni or sauce, prepared of 
cocoanut milk, condiments 
etc. with or without greens, 
and eaten with rice. 

tambulu, s. Tamil, 
tamberu, s. A kind of 
reckoning in the game of 
yekkadi (-^5). 

tamberuni, eee. 3ode3o$. 

, tambodi, see ^oeow. 2. 
sec. s^ctfvS^. 

tamboli, see ^O&XDS. 

tammate, see ^csou. 

tammana, s. Hospitality, 
entertainment ; dinner. 3 
2oc^ a grand wedding dinner. 
>:!>$ to give a dinner to a 
pregnant women. 3otfo^s> 
to give a dinner to a wedding 

o3) tammanipuni, tammanyuni, 
tammanipuni (^c^orJ, 3os$o$), 
v. a. To entertain a guest, 
to give a dinner. 

tammale, s. A maternal 
uncle. 2. a father-in-law. 
3. a kind of tare growing 
among corns etc. 3btk3 
a kind of tare found in 

tammuge, see ^o^. 
tammena, see ^3- 
tammepuni, see ^So^s>- 

^o;3oS tammeru, tamme- 
ri, see 




tammeluni, see 
tammeiya, s. An affec- 
tionate form of addressing a 
younger brother. [rice. 

tammge, .?. A kind of 
tarntuni (^cSr), r. . 
To shrivel- 

takattu, s. A throne. 

333, 333 takataka, takapaka, 
s. Agility in dancing, etc. 
2. bubbling in boiling, adv. 
Nimbly, briskly. 
\ takka, adj. Fit, suitable, 
proper, deserving, worthy. 
33 fitness. zn&J a proper 
word. rf^octfo a good opportu- 
nity, favourable season. ^ 
?re> suitably, properly, de- 
,od takkanda, ^ a^od. 


^,t3 s , a 3jtf, takkatu, takkattu, 

o" 13" So 

#^y. As much as is suitable; 
adequate, sufficient. 
3,0, takkadi, s. Large scales. 
one who cheats in 

weighing; a rogue. 

^,rs, 33^ takkana, takkana, s. 
A small spoon. 2. a small 
kind of mat; also && 
adj. Little. ssScxioo^tSK ^re 
si^jrooSo /?/. one who holds 
a spoon where (anything) 
drops, i. e. one who takes 
advantage of another's weak- 
ness, a stingy man. 

&ptai)Jortj, takkeyimungei, s. 
The upper arm and forearm. 

kelogu, see ^^AaXo under 

takkona, Jtv ^^,r. 

takraru, ^. Interference, 
hinderance. 2. dispute, quar- 

kriru, s. Objection, pro- 
test. ^r a counter peti- 
tion. sktfo^s to object, pro- 
test, quarrel. 

^>o* takslru, s. An offence, 
crime, fault. 

tagadu, ^. A thin metal 
plate. oA2t* pure gold. 
s^oratfrf a gold leaf. 
o tagaru, ^^ wXS. 

tag-aruni (^5), ^. n. To 
draw near. 

tagavu, tagadi, tagade, tagavu, 
s. Dunning for payment. 2. 
peremptory demand. 
tagume, see 3^. 
tagule s. A bug. 

tage, s. A female's elder 

f, s?|6 tageiru, tageire, J-. 
Discharge, dismissal. ^^ 
?i to turn out, dismiss. 

tagori, s. The potter's 

taggu, s. Low ground, a 
dale, valley, descent, decli- 
vity. . adj. Low, depressed. 
&3 lowliness, humility. 

taggavuni, c.v. (of ^Xo 





>) To lower, humble. 2. to 
diminish, lessen. 3- to level 

tagguni (^), v.n. To be 
humble, modest. 2. to in- 
cline, lean. 

taggele, s. A lowly or 
humble man ; also ^^ ajraoSo. 


tagmalu, s. A female 
slave, maid-servant. 
^7^ tagme, s. A male slave, 

gteotf tajanku, s. The plant 

Cassia fora. 

3fcJ3$ tajapu, s. Notching, inden- 

tation. adj. Indented, notch- 

ed. sjstiiS) to cut into a 

row of teeth. 

^&5j)) tajapuni (^ty, v. a. To 

chop, cut in pieces. 
3&8i23 tajibiji, s. Endeavour, 
effort, exertion. 2. cogita- 
tion, reflection. rfotfo^ to 
endeavour, try ; to reflect ; to 
get out of a scape by unlaw- 
ful means. 

tatuga, s. A ladle. 
tata, s. A shore, bank. 
tataki^, ^. A drop. 
tatakka, ^ ^N. 
U^y tatapata, ^. A slapping 
sound. 2. loquacity. 
tj^ tatappa, ^^. Heavily, 
with a jerk. 2. suddenly. 
_3Djstfo$ to fall heavily or 

tatane, see 3Uj3. 

tatalu, ta- 
tala, tatali, see $&nv. 

tatavu, s. A lake, pond. 
, s. A snapping noise. 
tattu, s. A country pony, 
a pack-horse. #/.$<? 
2. the forearm; also 
adj. Serious, critical. 
much delay. ^o^rf a serious 
illness, -dooc^oso^ the stalk 
of screw pine. 
fbf^-tf tattuvasu, see 3te>$. 


sJ. tatta, j^ ^u,A 

^y tatta, see z^u,. 


^03* tattanku, J. Hinderance, 

3 el 3 tattane, ^^'. Speedily, 
quickly. 2. suddenly, unex- 
pectedly, without premedita- 
tion. 5ft$3?>, 3fe>S> to go 
quickly 0r suddenly. 3r^s> 
to say instantly or without 

^y,^ tattappa, see ^w^- 

^^js.sij^ tattavuni, f. r. (of ^u^ty 

To cause to hit, strike. 

^ tattasi, tattas^, 
see ^te^co. 

tatti, s. A screen <?r blind 
made of split bamboos, cadjan 
palm leaves, etc. 2. a honey- 
comb. esaTdrf- a mat made 
of split canes. ^ a small, 
low kind of wooden trough. 
farksj a wicker strainer, 
sieve. steko'^ the wooden 


lid and the strainer of a 




culinary vessel. ^^ to 
put up a screen or blind as 
protection from rain. 
3.;&>el>. tattimuttu, s. A vessel 

jj jj 

for distilling liquor. 2. 

culinary utensils. 3. house- 
hold stuff. 
jo, tattu, see aOj. 
xrt tattuga, ^. A flat kind 
of trough for serving boiled 

tattuni, see aa* rwa. 
.ojsJo. tattumuttu, s. Strait, 
dilemma; cf. si^^oB^. 
fc3 tatte, 0^". Empty, void 
within. Ttf^r good and bad 

&,rcj tattonuni v. reft. To 
(of ^w^$), carry on the 
haunch, as natives do a child, 
tatvasu, s. Un evenness, 
inequality, variation, as in 

tadupe, see *y 
ijsreoci tadutonuni, P. r^tf. (<?/" 
^a^s>) To quarrel or dispute 
3d tada, see &&3)- 
3d tada, 5-. Wool, fur. 2. skin 
with soft hair. 

tadaku, ^. Intoxication, 
tadapu, 5^ sz^. 

tadamata, s. Fumbling. 
^^o tadame, s. A kind of stile 
or narrow entrance to a 

tadayi, s. A small earthen 
cup or plate. 

tadava, J^ ^zro4'- 
tadavu, ^. Delay, hinde- 
rance, impediment. 2. a slow- 
coach or dilatory person. 
y&& to get late, to be de- 
layed. *ks?o^?> to delay, 

tadi, J. An inferior kind of 
saddle. rf^a to join imper- 

tadipuni (^^), v. a. To 
quarrel, dispute, contend, 
struggle, frogcdo- to dispute, 

tade, . Hinderance, obsta- 
cle. 2. charm for serpents. 
_*0j?>, -Q.LS to stop the 
motion of a serpent by incan- 
tations; to obstruct, hinder. 
3^4$ to remove the charm, 
to break a spell. 3jt>?o$ to 
hinder, impede ; to charm. 
sras^ tadepavuni, c. v. (of 3 
$2>$) To hinder, impede, ob- 

da^^tadepini, tadepuni, 
'. a. To hold off: to 
hinder, keep back, prevent, 
stop; to oppose. 
a^ tadeppu, s. Stoppage, 
resistance. 2. anything put 
up to stop a passage, 
tadeyi, see ^tSoso. 

gd^a tadeyuni, tade- 
vuni (^), v. n. To halt, stop, 
tarry. 2. to bear, endure, 





suffer. oSo^S 33 *33 20*3 

O ( 

I can bear it no more. 

^^; tadevu, s. A halt, stopping, 

tarrying. 2. impediment, 


tadevonuni, v. reft, (of 
To bear, suffer; to be 

sCao. tadpu, s. A foreign cloth. 


^OA a kind of loom. 


^cj,?} tadpuni, j^ ^55$. 

^d tadpe, J. A sieve for cleans- 
ing grain, etc. ^ooczrolj a 
large turban. $3^3 lit. a 
sieve and a brom: a bad 
omen; a cruel woman. 

^c, r|o tadya, taddya, J. A 
step, stair, ra^^ the middle 
step. S^r^g the lower step, 
threshold. ^5% the lintel 
of a door. 

srsr;* tanasu, J. Wetness, damp- 
ness, adj. Wet. j3a wet 

r3^ tanipuni (^rf), t'. a. To 
cool, pacify, soothe, comfort. 

srsoJJO^ taniyuni (^rf), v.n. To 
become cool, calm. 

^rlo' tanilu, J^ ^^- 

^rso tanu, s. Coolness, cold. 2. 
quenching, appeasement. tb 
*^?> to cool; appease, as 
hunger, etc. 

^s 4 ^ ratatkshana, <z^r. Instantly. 


tatanga,^. Obstacle, hinder- 
ance, complication, entangle- 

starj tateilasa, j 1 . A joyous 

tatkala, ^/'. The time 
then or now. sasjdeX) for 
the present, for the time 

tatta, s. A shuffle, artifice; 
2. jesting, joking, adv. Shuffl- 
ingly. 2- jestingly. 333^ 
tfos to speak shufflingly or 
^3 tattara, ^^ s*3srf. 

tatti (past part, of ^s), 
^//'. Missed, beyond reach, 
failed. ssicrfo, ^cXSwhat is 
past; a lost opportunity; a 

tatra, ^. An umbrella. 

tatva, J. Essential nature, 
real nature of the soul. 2. 
the Supreme Being. 3. truth, 
reality, substance. 4. mind, 
intellect. 5. identity. e3jsetf?3 
instruction in the real nature 
of the Supreme and human 
spirit; cf. **. 

tatvadi, s. Mystical theo- 
logy. [want. 

tatvara, s. Destitution, 


7>$F tatvartha, s. The essen- 


tial purpose. 

tadanantara, adv. After- 
wards, subsequently. 

tadigina, s. Beating time 
in dancing to music. 2. in- 
trigue, plot. 3. upsetting, fall. 
_ narks to dance ; to be over- 
turned. 3j*^a to intrigue. 




tadige, .$. The third day 
of the lunar fortnight. 
313 s taddu, s. Retch, qualm. 

taddu, s. An eruption or 
swelling, erysipelas. 
do$ tadduni (^), 7,'. rc. To 
retch, puke, to be qualmish. 
$ tana, An affix to form ab- 
stract nouns; e.g. oSotf good, 
oSozS^ goodness. 2. ^mV. of 

33 0^. 

c^*, 3iD tanaki, tanikhi, s. 
Examination, investigation, 
$itf tanasu, see 
tanipuni, see 
) taniyuni, see 
tanu, tt? ^ro. 2. the body. 

tanukulu, pron. hon. 
plur. of 33o>. 

3$ tane, s. Conceiving, breeding, 
as cattle, sheep, etc. ?&$ 
to be conceived. atfoa, ao 
2io^ to be big with young. 
^>j ) the incipient stage of 
being with young. 

^?3ajjo> taneyuni (^), t'.w. Cat- 
tle or animals to be big with 

33J tapa, see 33$. 

^sj^sj tapatapa, s. Palpitation. 

^tra?*, ^3^015^, ^3JD~33 S tapa- 
raku, taparake, taparatu, ^. 
Slapping the cheek or temple. 

^3J^> tapala, s. A spear, lance. 

3s3 tapale, j. A large metallic 
cooking vessel, saucepan. 

tapasllu, see ^;>. 
tapasu, s. Prayer, devo- 
tion, religious austerities. 
ttz> a devotee, ascetic. ^^? 
>o power of devotion, 
tapalu, see ws^- 

tapavatu, s. Difference, 
discrepancy. 2. cheating, de- 
ceit. 3. prevarication, equi- 
vocation, evasion. 

^oboJoo^) tapiyuni (^), v. n. To 
burn, be inflamed, hot. 

^p$c3 tapodhane, .?. An ascetic. 

^^9^3^ taponishtha, s . The prac- 
tice of religious austerities. 

&'&%Q&t&$Qbi&& l seeujuler ^oJ- 

^^ tapta, <^'. Heated, inflam- 
ed, boiling, burnt. 2. affected 
with pain or grief. 3e5o 
heated body. T$O^OJ mind 
affected with grief. 

^33* tappu, .$ ^^\' 

^ tappa, ^. Sap; c/". ^, ^- 

bling for cocoanuts thrown in- 
to a crowd of people. vurbrs 
to gamble with cocoanuts. 

^j c^s^ ^, ^ois^cri tappadatap- 

M O-J M oJ 

pada, tappadappa, adv. Occa- 
sionally, now and then, alter- 
^j d^ tappadeppu, ^. Conceal- 


ing one's fault. 

^3j d?oj^ tappadesuni (^^^^3), 
v. a. To hide, conceal, as one's 
fault, v. n. To escape, evade. 

^3iOfi tapparige, see 3~\a*. 




tappalipuni, see 

. tappavuni, c.v. (o/*fy 
$) To cause to err, evade. 
2. to extricate, disentangle, 
3) tappu, s. A fault, mistake, 


error. 2. an offence, crime. 
_ 3jo2crc4s> to accuse, charge 
with a fault or crime. ~^^\ 
$ to err ; to commit a crime. 
tappu, s. A leaf, foliage. 2. 
vegetables, greens. 
^o^i tappuduni (^5), v. a, 
To beat the bush in hunting. 
tapputippu, see ^a^- 
tappuni (3). r. . To mis- 
take, err, sin. 2. to miss, 
escape, slip. 3. to fail in an 
engagement or promise ; also 
ai^e^s. cSj^S ^Ic 
a mistake; I missed. 
^cS it slipped from me, or I 
have lost. 
s^otf tapperige, see 3^tt. 

i^i tappoliyuni (*3g>). 
"'. . To be covered with foli- 
age as a tree, to grow to leaf. 

3 o^a* tapsllu, J. An analysis, 
detail, the particulars of an 
account. j- a tray> 

^EoS*' tabaku, ^. A salver or plate, 
jy tabakuni (^2^^), T-. a. To 
desire, wish, covet, v. n. To 
be allured, enticed, tempted. 
c~e7 tabatu, ^. Unsavouriness, 
acerbity. 3^$ to be unsa- 

tabatuni (S3c8), r. 7?. To 
be unpalatable to the taste; 
to remain as after-taste. 
tabate, s. A kind of fish. 
tabate, s. The name of a 
creeper. -sicS^ the fruit of 
it, (eaten by children). 
S tabali, sec ^E^C. 
tabi, 5. Flavour, taste; also 
^83. ai//'. Savoury, delicious. 

tabite, ^ ^^o. 
c^)^ tabipuni (*e3), c-. a. To 
appease, as the appetite. 2. 
to smack. 3. see &!4$>- 
tabime, j. A follower. 
tabuku, J^ ^a:^. 

d tabukuda-mara, see 

tabudippu, -^ ^^s^- 
taburi, j. A pot. r. mt 
taburu, J. A kind of red 

tabuli, w<? 
tabule, see 

tabepuni (*3), r. . To 
long, eagerly desire. 
z3do^ taberuni (^ c ^^), v. a. To 

tabela, s. A stable. 
3^ tabta, see ^. 
^^ s: s tabdilu, s. Change, alter- 

ation, variation. 
^\ m tabbibbu, ^. Distraction, 
confusion. 2. variation, dif- 
ference. adj. Irregular. 
tabbilu, see *&f. 2 





.ej tabbila, see 

Cx tabbili, ^ 
a tabbuni ( 

Jw , 

feel, grope. 

tabbudibbu, see 3^ 

?j w 

320.x tabbuli, .y. An orphan. 


adj. Low, vulgar. 2. weak, 
infirm. 3. cowardly, timid. 

^otama, s. Darkness. 2. mental 
darkness, ignorance. 3. world- 
ly delusion. 

^si)^ tamake, s. Leisure, respite, 
opportunity. 2. delay, pro- 
crastination. ^jalbFS, a?i$, 
sTOtSos to delay, put off, 

^dokS tamate, ^. A tambour. 
2. a little drum. 

}. tamaniyuni, j 

tamaru, tamara, J. 
tamaru, ta- 


mari, tamare, see 
^ tamasu, j^ ^^o. 

^^jsdoo tamamu, ta- 
mamu, ^. The whole, adj. All. 

J3^, ^sira?3 tamase, tamase, ^. 
A show, fun, sport, amuse- 
ment. 7&8 a pantomime, 
one fond of show or amuse- 
ments; a w-ig. 333^0$ to 
crack j okes, fctfo^ to make 
fun. [rf&s. 

oo 5 tamiru, s. A gimlet. 2. see 

jjo^, ^sl)0^o tamulu, tamulu, 
s. Tamil. 

tamusaku, J. A Ijond. 

mepuni(^^), z 1 . a. To 
pour, spill. 2. to cast into a 

Soslte* tamepelu, s. Effusion, 

tameyuni, see ^^Sowos). 
tameru, s. One who gives 
a bride away in marriage; a 

>oSo3jo tameriyuni (^o5), 
v. n. To extricate, disen- 
tangle, save. 

tameruni, see s^doa. 

^^0^;^) tameluni, tame- 
vuni, v. n. To overflow, run 
over or out. 2. to menstru- 

Sjs? flora tamoguna, s. The 
quality of darkness; igno- 
rance; passionate or angry 
disposition; cf. ^s5o. 

tayapuni, see ^a^s. 

tayaru, J. Preparation, 
readiness, adj. Ready. ? 
> to become ready. a?>$ 
to keep ready. rfctfo^ to 
prepare, make ready, 
tayi, w ^ 
tayila, see ^e>. 
tayili, ^^ ^3- 
tara, ^. Kind, sort, class, 
grade. 2. manner, mode. 3. 
a line, row, range. 3d 
variety ; variegation ; gra- 
dation, order, method, 
^ a good match. 




taraiiku, tarangu, 


tarantuni, see ao 
taraku, see rtt. 

tarakari, s. Vegetables 
in general. 

tarakonuni (^ = 
r'. ;-t7?. To receive, accept. 2. 
to hear, listen, mind. 
taradu, ^ ^5r. 
taraua, ^. Fording, cross- 
ing, passing over. 

~- taratamya, see 3a33si>o. 
taratra, see #3&)- 
tarapu, .s. A side, party. 
2. care, custody. adv. To- 

tarapuni (3), z r . . To 
rivet, fasten firmly. i\ n. To 
be riveted, fixed. 

tarapoli, see tt&v. 

, slij^^Jj tarabety, tara- 
beti, s. Training, education. 
to train, instruct. 
tarasu, ^f 

tarale, s. Slander, calum- 
ny. 2. backbiting, tale- 
bearing. 3 SoBj a mischiev- 
ous backbiter. -7^3 a sland- 
erer, talebearer. 3r^$ to 
slander, backbite. 

tarantara, J^' ^<wo^d. 
taratara, s. Variety in 
goods. 2. distinction of rank, 
etc.; cf. atf. 

- w taraturi, J. Haste, speed. 

tarabali, taravali, 
^. Kind, species; variety, 
diversity, adj. Various, di- 

3^)S taripuni (a&), f. a. To 
lop off, as the superfluous 
branches of a tree; to clear, 
as a jungle. 

tariyuni (5), r. n. To 
stay, stop, tarry, delay. 

^dj taru, s. A small kind of fish ; 
any little fish. _X)3r, _eoo 
"rfo^ a swamp with such fishes. 
aijs^aaj a small kind of 

^Coozjo tarumbu, s. A bunch of 

sdorl taruni, j. A girl, young 
woman. 2. a wife. [man. 

3^rf tarune, J. A youth, young 

3 do 3 taruva, see ^o. 

^6 tare, J. The head, top. 2. the 
hair of the head. 3. gener- 
ation. 5^ *3 from generation 
to generation. Bir^S^o^ 
upside down, topsyturvy, head- 
long. 3o3) poll-tax. %3 a 
head-load. ^ZT^B head-orna- 
ments. t2ej2 headache. ^-^ 
to behead, decapitate; to injure, 
ruin. 33?:$ to leave the 
head bare. T?jsSbF$ /tV. to 
offer the head ; to undertake, 
engage in; to submit; to take 
the risk. -?\&odoo$, ScXors 
to be giddy, confused: to be 
tipsy; to become proud. 
to impute, attribute. 




jjccka lit. the head to shake ; 
to be improved in one's cir- 
cumstances; to gain power. 
Z)7\3 3i to bow the head ; 
to humiliate; to be modest, 
polite. -20X0 s the head to be 
bowed down ; to be ashamed ; 
to be humiliated, -eo^ors to 
comb the hair. zSooa^s to 
introvert the tuft-knot. <y 
w^3)$ to thrive, prosper. 3 
&3iS> the head to ache. ccbo^F 
#3 <-s(3 //. I have no head; 


I have a severe headache, 
taretra, s. A turban, head- 



^0* taremru, .s. Spring or 
fountain on the top of a hill, 
irrigating the land below. 2. 
amuiotic fluid or fruitwater. 
_ rf&odoo^ the amnios to burst 
or break. 

tarepuni (^3), v. a. To 
grind, rub. 2. to try, assay 

tarebile, s. Exorbitant 
price, overcharge. 2. the 
price fetched by the first sale 
of goods. 

taremande, s. The skull. 
rfijBFpsosto quarrel ; to break 
one's head over a business. 
5>oS taremuri, s. Determina- 
tion, resolution. 2jrfy&tosay 
definitely, decisively ; to make 
known one's resolution. 
oj.o> tareyuni (33), v. n. To 
be rubbed off; to abrade; 

wear away, to become thin, 

35o s tarelu, adj. Worn out. 
38 a blunt or worn out 



tarevuni, see *5cbooa. 

taroli, J. A kind of 
creeper ; also 3^. 2. the tree 
Rhynchoglossum obliq., the 
leaves of which are used for 
cleansing the head in bathing. 
obsSor a larger species of 
the same. 3. a milky plant, 

tarolu, s. A kind of tree 
the leaves of which are used 
by toddy-drawers to rub the 
horn of palm trees, djstfo 

* Co 

a white species of the same. 
dJ3^d tarotara, see stossfti 
d tarra, see ritfj. 


=^F tarka, ^. Dispute, discussion, 
reasoning. 2. logic. creoSo 
a disputant, sophist. arfg, 
the science of logic. 
to dispute, discuss, 

tarkatti, tarkatte, 
^. The curved knife of a toddy- 

tarkonuni (^ArK), 
v. a. To hold up in one's arms, 
as a sick person; cf. *tfjlpw& 
j^3, a^^Fejo tarkolu, tar- 
kolu, ^. A key. 2. a mid- 
wife. 3. assisting a woman in 
labour. ^otfo^ to assist a 
woman in labour. 



3s3 tale 

targayi, see XXroso, 

targode, s. Leanness, 
thinness. 2. a lean man. 
&oFdo, ^JF^O tarjime, tarju- 
me, s. Translation. sktfo^S) 
to translate, interpret. 
iCT'F tardu, s. The testicles. 
^Frs tarpana, s. Satisfaction. 
2. a religious rite, present- 
ing water to the manes of the 
deceased or to the gods. 
^.sLrs to present such water ; 
to satisfy, please. 
!srar4), ^53)Fdo> tarpavuni, 
tarpuduni, c. i\ (of ^r$) To 
cause to bring, send for. 2. 
to get, obtain. 

>3)F) tarpuni (^5), v. a. To 
rivet, fix firmly. 2. to depress, 
humble. ?'. n. To be riveted. 
2. to be depressed. 
IsS-iFcs tarmena, ^<? ^e^^. 

tarva, j ^o. [ams> 
tarvelu, J." Holding up in 
tarle, see &$$< 
tala, see w & rf tf. 

talambu, ^. The sun- 
hemp, Crotalaria juncea. 

talake, s. A slip or lath of 
a bamboo. ^^ the bone bet- 
ween the wrist and elbow. 

# talagulle, J^ Xjs^. 

talapuni (^), '' . To 
arrive, reach; cf. 3e^$. 

, ^-oS; talabu, talavu, ^. 
Pay, wages. 2. a tribute in 
a gamje of cards. 

talara, s. A kind of whit- 
low between the toes. 

talasuni, see *ec3^^ 
under &<&>& 

je)o^d, 3a)o^ talantara, ta- 
lantra, ^. A generation ; an 
age ; cf. "A STSC^O. 

talavu, s. A large tank. 

talasu, j 1 . Inquiry, search. 
2. procuring, providing ^5o 
tfo^s to search ; to procure. 

talipu, .y. Sprinkling. 2. 


talipuni (^e), ^. . To 

o talu, adj. Thrashed, beaten. 
tf^ thrashed straw. 

^ talukupadika, s. A 

3 tale, ^. A rop, for climbing 
palm trees. ^ the hand- 
rope, 535 the foot rope, 
_ ifjs^c^ 1 the whole apparatus 
of a toddy drawer. 
! 0200 talembu, s. A pillow. 
talenlru, sec ^3e5, 
talepatta, s. A head-orna- 
ment of a devil-dancer. 

talepu, s. Interruption, 

talepuni (3*3), ?. ^. To 
interrupt, hinder, stop, detain, 

talemani, s. A head 
ornament worn by a devil- 
dancer. tj^tfotf a tasselled 
headband of a demon-priest. 




sisiow talemara, s. The frame 
of a thrashing stool. 
A talkatti, see atfr^. 

talku, s. An ambush. 
>j,$ talkuni, see av^s. 


?> talpuni (*), '. <z. To 
drop. 2. to knock, shake off, 
as fruit from a tree. 3. to 
thrash, as paddy. 3m> 3jse& 
a thrashing ox. 

talmena, s. Refreshment, 
revival, relief. adj. Cool, 
cold, refreshing, bracing. ^ 
v a cool breeze. 

tallana, adj. Wavering, 

talli, s. A kind of cucumber 



talluni (*), P. a. To pene- 
trate, push in, press through. 
2. to hide, conceal. 

talle, ^ ^t' ^ ^ -^ 
tfo$ to be proud, arrogant. 
3 &e3 tallepille. see *oe3S>o5. 

V) CO 

talvaru, s. A scimitar, 
tavara, s. Tin. 

tavayi, s. Delay, deten- 
tion. 2. halting in a journey. 
_ sktfo^ to halt, stop, delay. 
- tavu-, see under 3^. 
tavunku, s. Agitation. 

tavukuda-mara, s. A 
kind of fruit tree. 345^ 

its fruit, 
tavudu, ^^ s'Szlx 
tavute, J^ s^^. 
tavuruni (45), ^. ^. To 

cut away any leaves or brush- 
wood, to clear a bush. 
tasara, see rfstotf. 
tasibi, see ^~^. 
j*,,^?i!J tasku, taskara, s. A 

v. , tr .. 

trick, wile, pretext. 2. a mis- 
take, error. 
o* taskaru, s. Theft, robbery; 

7L3 taskare, .T. A thief, robber. 


rj^, ^^ tastu, tastu, s. A 
basin, broad mouthed vessel. 

2^> ^2i r ^^ ^^S*, ^r^ft 

tastiku, tastigu, tastlku, tas- 
tige, s. A government allow- 
ance for a temple. 

' ^ taspi, tasbi, ^. The 
rosary of Mohammedans. 

So, ^aoD taha, taha, ^. Consent, 
agreement. 2. a contract; 
#/.y0 ^55s?ro^o. _ -rfo^?> to 
agree; to contract. 
S^ 6 tahasilu, ^. Collection 
of revenue. cro^S the revenue 
officer of a taluk, a tahsildar. 
35o&e^ the post of a tahsil- 

<$ tala, ^. Low ground, base, 
bottom. 2. see &<3. eAndos 
to find out a place for a 
building. -^w^s to lay a 
foundation. 3^$ to lie 
flat on the ground; to be 
in a great calamity; to be 
oo^ talatantra, s. Ruin, 


desolation, destruction. 

tala . 



^ talatala, s. Glitter, lustre. 
-iSoo-^os to glitter, flash, 

J, 3^kf, talapata, talapat- 

tu, s. Ruin; cf. 3tf3o^. adj.- 
Vacant, empty, deserted, 
waste. sfctfo^a to devastate, 

^tfsjd talapala, see **. 
3^~^, ^tfsijtf talabala, talamala, 
s. Alarm, agitation. 2. ex- 
haustion, weariness. 
3ste6 talavare, s. A village 


3<s>s>o^c5 talantara, see * wo^tf. 
^s?e)0 talara, s. A sore in the toes. 
talipuni, see ^3$. 
taliru, J. A sprout, bud, 
shoot. --"3 a tender leaf. 
talu, see *v. 
,$ talepuni, see 
talpuni, see 
talmena, JB *3^. 
^ talli, i'. Slander, calumny, 
defamation. 2. intercourse, 
interference, association. 3. 
$ ^^. a^'. Slanderous. 
2. anonymous. teaSr an ano- 
nymous petition. 

talluni, j^ ^ e) ^^- 
talle, ^. A heap. 2. plunder. 

tankana, s. Fosterage, 
fostering. -:ic3o a foster j 
father. ^ a foster mother. 
3 sro-3 a foster child. 

tankavuni, c. :-. (<?/ 
To cause to nurse. 
2. to cause to give (said by 

io^o^i taakuni (3^=^), z-. a. To 
take care of, nourish, bring 
up, foster, nurse, feed; shel- 
ter. 2. to give (said by Pa- 

r^ tangu, s. A support, prop. 
^jabrs, cDTks to prop, sup- 
port, provide with support. 
_^3r> supporting by holding 
up in arms. 

orio tanguni (^> 3 ^), f. . To 
assist, help. 2. to prop, sup- 
port, sustain. 

je>$3g)ci tangolipuni (^CT^S 
, r r . . To support. 

tannuni, Jt^ ^>CAO^. 
tanca, sec T&O&. 
tancavuni, see 

tancuni, see 

j* tantumontu, ^//. 
Crooked, bent. 2. vain,, useless. 
.s. Debris, fragments. 

^ tantavuni, <\ i\ (of 
To make touch, to 
bring into collision or con- 
tact. 2. to set one person 
against another. 

tantuni (^-), v.n. To 
touch, hit, come into collision 
or contact with. 2. to quar- 
rel, fight. 

tante, adj. Lean, thin, 
slender. -3^5 lean slender 




legs. ^js?oS a cripple, a 
decrepit person. ^/soaoo a 
slender horn. 

tandele, see 3oz. 

tantanne, .s 1 . -A glutton. 
tantrike, ^r^ ^ejj. 

3e>ceoe3, 3e)ozoe3 tambati, tarn- 
bate, see $oaDB. 

3e>oWe>re tambana, s. A metallic 
dish 0?* tray. 

tambula, ^. Betel leaf 
and areca nut, sierra chew- 
ing betel. 

tambra, s. Copper, adj. 
Copper-coloured. ri eSozoo a 
copper-pot. ri 3X5 a cop- 
per plate. s^^, aoz^stf calx 
or oxide of copper. 

J^fcSsdod takatemara, ^. The 
tree Morinda citrifolia. 

takika, J. True report, 
correct information. 

D-S-a 4 , 3^-S-a takitu, ta- 
takidi, s. An order, 
command, injunction. ^a 
to order, direct. 
oc3j3^o takuto- 
ku, takudoku, s. Responsi- 
bility; risk, liability, adj. 
Responsible; liable. 

takuni (33^), v. n. To 
hit, touch; cf. SSAO^J. 

taga, adv. Pointedly, direct- 
ly; explicitly. -3f^$ to say 
directly, refer pointedly. 

tagavuni, c. v. (of ssXo 
To cause to touch, make 

hit. aj&orfooi SjojorK to set 
one against another, 
rlo^i taguni (^?N), v. a. To 
touch, hit, come in collision 
or contact with. v. n . To be 
impressed, sensible. o-crfoK 
3oa^4 37>Kc5 he was impress- 
ed by what was said. 
e>23o) tacuni (332?), ^. ^, TO 
come in collision. 

taja, adj. Fresh, new ; ge- 
nuine. 2. fair, correct. -^oSo 
<?/ bene, a postscript. -^j a 
fair copy. -55^5 a genuine 

tajlpu, ^'. Marvellous. 

tatanka, ^. An ear-orna- 

tataki, j. A female giant. 
2. a quarrelsome woman. 
3"5>U tati, j. Clapping the hands; 
applause, -^y^^ to clap 
the hands; to applaud, 
tate, j. A kind of fish. 

tadane, j. Beating, whip- 

tadi, see &^S. 
3^)do tadu, J. Goring ; <2/^ sszssy. 
SDC^O^ taduni (s^S), ^. . To 
gore with the horns ; to butt. 
&d&& tadelu, s. The act of 
goring or butting. 

tana, s. A place ; cf. ste 5*. 
a lampstand! 
tatayi, tatayi, 

J. Caraway seed, Curum 
carui; cf. ^ ? -dia. 





a tati, s. A kind of ornament; 

taturi, s. Eloquence, 
ability, cleverness; cf. t^>^o 
otfor. 2. love, affection; cf. 

3);l tate, s. A grand-father. 2. 
Brahma . 

tatparya, .?. 

Sentiment, opinion, notion. 
2. love, affection. 3. purport, '. 
meaning. 4. object, intent, 
design, purpose. ~^s to 
tell one's opinion. &?;$> to 
care, favour. 
3Dd tatsara, J. Slight, dis- 


respect, contempt. 

tadi, see sfea. [goods. 

33 pi* tanu,/^w. Self, one's self. 
2rs^ tana, w ^" 
Se;^^ tanike, see ^^. 
g^3i tapa, ^. Heat, burning. 

2. fever, inflammation. 3. an- 

guish, distress. 

,, 3e)s5,csJjtapatra,tapatra- 


ya, ^. Grief, distress, trial, 

tapi, J. A trowel. 

tapipuni (^>-), v. a. To 
burn. 2. see &> &$& 

tapu, s. A watchman's 
stand in a field. 2. an ambush. 
e>tws>o tabulu, i-. A tinsel, brass 
leaf. 2. the cuts, as of a 
precious stone. 

tabutu, s. The cage 

made of paper and tinsel by 
Mussalmans at the Moharam. 
315^: tabe, s. Control. 2. charge, 
care. ^ gssSS ero^ v he is in 
your charge. 

tamakayi, see 
tamani, see 
tamayi, see 

tamare, j. The lotus 
flower, Nyinph(za pubescens ; 
also 33^j3^s. idjfJ the seed 
of a lotus. 3=5 the stalk 
of a lotus. 

>do66j3ri tamareroga, s. A 
wasting disease of children. 

2. green sickness. 

tamasa, s. Laziness, in- 
dolence. 2. delay, procrasti- 
nation. 3. anger, passion. 
_croo3o. gs'doAj a sluggard: a 
passionate man. 

tamisra, J. Great dark- 
ness. -^ the dark half of 
the lunar month. 
tame, 6' 
3)six tamra, ^^ 3D=a:j- 
3e>oao tayi, s. Mother. 
ssoaortozS tayigande, s. A rogue, 

cheat, scoundrel, ffoc. 
3^05023^0* tayiberu, J. The prin- 
cipal root of a tree, taproot, 
taru, s. A rivulet. 2. tar. 
tara, s. A star. _'. two pie. 

3. crossing, passing over. 
3s>Crs tarana, J. The eighteenth 

year of the Hindu cycle. 2. 

tar a 



the act of crossing. 3. perse- 
cution. 4. a raft, float. 

Oo taratamya, s. Kank, 
state, condition. 2. distinc- 
tion, discrimination. 

3"SD^o3o tarayi, s. A cocoanut. 
_ rf &by rf sxKkzS the shell of 
a cocoanut. 'dctfti a large 
cocoanut. ^e& a small hard 
cocoanut. a?4^i a cocoanut 
of the (Laccadive) isles. ^ 
d- , .? Ttotf*?. tfu^fc to play 
with cocoanuts by knocking 
one against the other, the 
person who breaks the co- 
coanut of the other gains it. 

3^>o^s3)> taravuni, c. v. (of-grt^ 
To drive in. 2. to immerse. 

3e>o tari, s. The palmyra, Bo- 
rassus flabelliformis. ^o<5 
the bulb of a fragrant grass, 
Cyperus rotundus. tf tfs? 
palmyra toddy. 
vessel for palm-wine. 
a kind of sparrow, building 
its pendent nest on a palm 
tree. zSoS a kind of grass, 
Cyperus hexastachyus. 3Sc5r 
the fruit of the palmyra tree. 
_ rf t3<^ jaggory made from 
palm juice. ^>^3 a poison- 
ous snake. ri ^od5 the 
midrib of a palm-leaf. 

tarini, J. A goddess pe- 
culiar to the Jains. 
\*&.^ SDS^o tariku, tariku, 
A date, clay of the month, 
tarlpu, s. Praise, com- 

mendation. 2. novelty, rarity, 
to commend, praise. 
c tarunya, s. Youth, man- 

taruni (ss5), v. n. To 
sink in, plunge. ^5 feet to 
sink, as in mire. 
dosjoSD* tarumaru, s. Con- 
fusion, disorder. e?>$ to 
become confused. 

tare, J. The cocoanut palm, 
Co cos nucifera. Xoa? _ a short 
cocoanut palm. ^? , a?4si_a 
species from the (Laccadive) 
isles, bearing small cocoa- 
nuts, do?' a species, bear- 
ing large cocoanuts. rf sU 
s^* the stalk ^ midrib of a 
cocoanut leaf. 

taroli, J^ ^tSjs^. 

Fcl tarkane, s. Substantia- 
tion, proof, demonstration. 
2. apparition. ^Lrs, rfo 
s&ySto substantiate. 

tarkike, ^. A sophist, 

tarkolu, see 
s tarmaru, ^^ 

tala, ^. The metallic lid of 
a cooking utensil. 2. see &v3. 
rt a talangadi, ^. The wooden 
peg by which a water-lift is 
fastened to the stem. 

o talavya, s. A palatal 
letter; gram. 

DG^ talanke, s. A name of 



A i, j. The marriage badge. 
worn by a female. 2. a metal 
tumbler or small pot. 3. a 
kind of grass. ^Wo s> to tie 


tbe marriage badge to the 
neck. ^4. a kind of climb- 


ing shrub. 

taliye, see ss3g. 

o talimu, J. Gymnastics, 
athletic exercise. ^eoo^s to 
practise gymnastics. 

talu, s. The throat. 2. the 

jejo^o taluku, ^. The division 
of a district. 

taluni (s 3 ^), "'. ?2. To fall 
off, drop down; cf. 

tale, ^^ ^^- 

,^ talpuni, - 

) talyatundu, s. A 
special cloth worn only by 

r-i^sikf, talyapattu, s. A cob- 

o, w 

talyapuri, ^. A spider. 
talye, ^. A weaver. 2. a 

3D c3 tavaji, ^. A metallic tube 
for keeping an amulet, money, 

3e>6 tavare, see awriotf. 2. j^ 


IAVU, J. A sheet of paper. 

-'.death; cf. ^4- 3. place, 

tlsha, s. A kind of drum. 

tisu, s. An hour. 
3e>cj tasayi, ^ 

tasaye, ^r a?- 

tasildare, ^<? 
under 33o&?>. 
)?3 tase, Jd?t' 33zt 

tasemi, ^6^ ro^so. 
taha, ^^ ^3o- 

tala, s. A cymbal. 2. tune, 
beating time in music. 3o?tf 
music and play. sSjaii^s to 
beat time. 

tali, see s&. 2. &? 3395. 

is^?i taluni (s^f), r. n. To 
bear, endure, suffer, forbear, 
have patience, 
tale, see sad 
3s) ^ talme, ^. Patience, forbear- 
ance. 2. endurance. 
3c-3- tinki, j^<? So?>. 

o-3-O, vso^S tinkiri, tinker!, J. 
A very small piece or strip 
of anything, adj. Thin, fine, 

30=3 tinke, -^ S^r. 
tinkri, ^6' l!ec-*& 

tingapuri, J. A larva, 

i;6 tingabare, see AjcXerod 
tingara, J. Ornament, de- 
coration. 2. .re<2 SboXd. 

tingi, s. Poison. 
lit. to mix poison; to foment 
a quarrel. sstSos to poison; 
to taint. 

cfljsd tingode, s. The first 
day of a solar month, which 
is considered unlucky. 



0=05, tikka 


tingolu, s. The moon. 
2. a month. ~AO April. &?3$ 
May. TO3r> June, e?^ July. 
&3?r August. 5j3o or s^ro 
September. djsoM 0r ^rJ 
October. &s>:3r November. 
stos^r December. $osuo<5 
January, ^raoso February. 
Tb^ March. ^s a kind of 


large worm. ri eSjs^ moon- 
light, moon-shine. rf ?doeotf 
monthly pay or salary, 
tinna, s. Repetition, 
tindada, -r. A rag. 
tindruni (3c5j), v.a. To 
eat all, guzzle; cf. 3^$. 
ow^ timbatu, adj. Worthless. 

oofc3. timbatte, s. A vagabond, 
worthless man. 

timbare, see ^020-5. 

timbulu, s. A thimble, 
timbele, J. A glutton. 

tirngudu, ^J/ ^r/. 

(of <cXor^) Having turned. 

aafe'.' Again, once more. &? 

k& to return, go back, go 

again. sobrs to come again ; 

to return from a walk. ax<- uo$ 

to be upset, overturned; to 

rebel, revolt. 
3orircl tirngane, J. A pivot, 

hinge, swivel. 2. a screw. 
3oriF5Jjoorir tirngamurnga, adv. 

topsy-turvy, pell-mell. 
oonsrii tirngata, s. Excursion, 

walk, roaming. 2. turning, 


tirngavuni, c. v. (of 
To turn, whirl, make 
return. 2. to change, convert, 
gain over. ^^020 to break 
a promise; to deny. ^o^5>_ 
to change the mind. ^3^ 
to gain over a witness. 

, vBofVeS tirngunaye, 
tirngele, s. A rover, vagabond. 
2. a backslider, unsteady man. 
rtjF> tirnguni (^^ ir ), v. n. 
To turn, revert, revolve, 
whirl, turn back. 2. to shift, 
as the wind. 3. to move, 
wander, travel about. &-S 
to be giddy; to become proud. 
8o-%r8 zfrabs to go for a 'walk, 
take a walk; cf. e 
tirntuni, see 

tirmbi, s. A kind of fern ; 
also Sort,c&. 

tikani, see ssFs. 

tikku, s. Entanglement, 


intricacy, perplexity. 2. dif- 
ficulty, distress, trouble. 3. see 
is&j. ^fe^s to get entangled. 
a^tfos to be entangled. 
\k5* tikkattu, s. A labyrinth, 

Tj Eo 

maze, intricacy. 
>L> tikkatuni (S^S), v. n. 
To be matted, as hair. 2. to 
be entangled; to be intricate. 

,6 tikkale, adj. Short and 

or . 


^' tikkavuni, c. v. (of &&% 

) To ensnare, entangle. 2. 
to fix. 3. to button. 



3 a tidi 


. a. To 


rub, brush, polish. T-. 72. To 
be ensnared, caught. 2. to 
be seized, apprehended, c.dat. 
To find, get, obtain. 

. ;kote, see S^jsrB. 


; tigute, J. A split, splinter, 
slip, piece. 3otfo^s> to split. 
divide, saw. 

tigupuni, J 
3rt tiga, 5-. A beehive. 2. honey. 

5 bees. - 



ziOj a honeycomb. 

honey. 3 zireodj^ bees' wax. 

_3 Asajofe! a small kind of 


iii tigadi, ^. The Indian jalap, 

Ipom&a turpdhum. 

tigadibigadi, s. Con- 
fusion, tumult. 

tigate, tigatti, ^^ 

tigale, j. The breast, chest, 
heart. 2. courage. Xo&5 a 
giant; a big, lazy fellow; a 
d'-sparado. 3 AJSC^,_ rfXjsTli, 
~ ^^4 the hollow of the 
breast; bravery. d?f3 pain 
in the chest. rf ^sg anger, 
wrath. &a?jra to brave 
encounter with courage; to 
be hold. _5 o?Sj$ to give in 
charge; to hold responsible. 
Mic hua.rt to palpitate. 
.j3,ra the heart to break; 
to labour hard. 5 eojj-rfoa to 

have charge, -r.-^-^ to suf- 
fer from heart-burn. 

f\i tigite, ^6- K3. 

nsg)ci, orioo^^ tigipuni, tigu- 
puni (S*N, SK), t-. c?. To split, 
slit, cut, saw, tear. 

rijdoS, 3rto,^, ^rtj^o^ tiguru- 
ni, tigruni, tiguluni (3Xo5, 
SKj), t r . n. To sprout, shoot, 
germinate. 2. to split. 

tigte, see 3K3. 
3e3 titti, ^. White spots on 


leaves; c/. eots^ 
3^ titte, j^ aSZ^. 
3^,?^ tittesi, J- Interference, 

intermeddling. 2. annoyance, 

trouble; /$0 ela ?^. 

1 CJ 

3fl tine, 5-. A small open ve- 

33 titi, see ft 5. 

33^0 tittiri, s. Playing upon a 
pipe, etc. 2. a top. 3. a 
partridge. ^^s to play at 

3 3^0 3^,0 tittiribittiri, s. An 
unfair dealing. 

3^ tithi, s. A lunar day. '2. 
the annual ceremony per- 
formed to one's deceased an- 

3C3*, 3S tidu, tidi, adj. Small. 

3n*o33 tidunkara, s. Sitting on 
the feet, -tfotfo^ to sit on 
the feet. 

3 a tidi, sec 35. 2. see ^a- 

3&o2 tidipanca, adj. Dwar- 
fish, short. 




7j)$ tiddavuni, c. v. 
To get corrected, rectified, 
via ?^ tiddige, s. Correction, train- 


ing, renovation. . ^o^o an 
erect pillar. 20^4 settled 

3dJS tidduni (35), v. a. To 
correct, mend, reform, rectify, 

alter. ^ ///. to correct the 
hand; to acquire a good pen- 

3do 3Ja, 3do 53DeJ tiddupadi, tid- 
es Q 

dupata, s. Correction, amend- 
ment, modification. 2. refor- 
mation. ^otf^s to correct, 
amend, modify. 

3d o tiddya, adj. Junior, young- 
er. ^ an aunt, 2*. . mother's 
younger sister, 0r younger 
uncle's wife. o3o an uncle, 
i. e. father's younger brother, 
or aunt's husband., 

3c^ oo3o tiddyaye, s. A young 


3 do, tidpu, see 3$r. 


3d, tidma, ^. A kind of fish. 


3^7^ tinasu, see 
3FS tine, see 3s3. 

^ tinpavuni, 

To feed, nurse. 

> ^ tinpini (^^), "' . To eat, 

consume. 2. to destroy, waste. 

3. to receive, as bribes, blows, 

etc. 3^ to get blows, 

to take bribes. 

,s3 tinpele, ^. A glutton. 

33J53tipale, ^. The creeper Cly- 
pea Burmanni. 2. an appli- 
cation for the head, generally 
prepared of the leaves of this 

tipila, tipule, see 

33J tippa, adj. Small. 

tippi, s. A cocoanut shell. 
^JS?^ ///. a cocoanut shell 
and a stick; beggary. t/se 
5 ctfuo.cS to come down to 

Q go 

beggary. ^o"5 a small breast, 
resembling a cocoanut shell. 
e?^ the lower half of a 
shell. 3(8 or,: the upper half 
of a shell. ^T3^_ the skull. 

& C) tippili, J. A kind of borer. 

^^a,s*, 3^^,^ tippivok- 
kelu, tipyokkelu, s. A poor 

^) tippu, see a?&y 

s3. tippe, s. A heap, pile. 2. a 



tibila, s. A hand-lamp, 

tiburu, s. A crack, split. 

& tibbi,tibbe, s. Hemming. 
f tibralu, s. Treble dis- 
tilled arrack. 

timare, s. The Pennywort, 
Hydrocotyle astatic a. 

timin^ijilu, s. A whale. 
timukuduni (S^oo 
^o5), ^'. . To jostle, push; 
to try to escape from a crowd. 



r tirkei 

timukuni, ti- 
muruni (S^bo^F. 3^jo5), r. . 
To throng, crowd. 

tirunguni, see 
tirugane, J<v Ss; 
;-3 tirudana, ^ 

", ^dj?5 tirupa, tirupe, s. 
Alms, charity. 

: j tirupati, J. A celebrated 
place of pilgrimage in North 

timekolu, see a 
tiyara, -svr -?^- 

tira, -ytftf Aitf. 
-/ tirasu, see 

tiraskara, s. Contempt, 


disrespect, reproach, affront. 
D tiri, J. A sprout, shoot, sprig, 
germ ; the tender branch of a 
palm. 2. the wick of a lamp ; 
cf. &&. STOQSJ a harelip. &> 
a thin body. 15>:4> to cease | 
to sprout. 
to sprout, shoot. 
the point of the nail. 
'& tirikattu, see ^rl^. 

tiriyara, ^r. Within 
reach of the hand; below, 

liru, s. A bow string. 2. a 
short stick used to tighten, 
as the string of a bow, etc. 
^u^a, csrfo?i to tie a bow- 
string. [church. 

_ z^ tiru, adj. Holy. ^ the holy 

tirupu, see 3^r. 
tirubanji, see 

tirumuru, ^. Property, 
wealth. 2. exchange. 
3 do doja 3r tirumurti, ^^ 5,3oj? Br. 
tiruva, JtT 33r. 

tiruvana, J. A nitpick. 
tiruve, ^^ 3?^r. 

tiruli, ^. A kind of round 
chisel or gimlet. 

tire, tirekajipu, see 

tirku, J. A band, tie made 
of the fibre taken from the flat 
side of the cocoanut branch; 
cf. zfc~. rotSos to fasten the 
cocoanut blossom with such 
a tie. 

tirkattu, s. The slip-knot 


of a rope used for drawing 
water. 2. see 33^. zarbs 
to fasten a band, peg, etc. 

tirkade, s. The lower part 
of any thing. 

tirkayi, see 3^~. 
tirkavuni, c. i<. (^/S^or 
To make lean, to weaken. 
tirkasu, adj. Obli(|tie, 
slant, sloping, adv. Obliquely, 
aslant. [garment. 

roijj tirkuntu, s. An undci-- 

r^ tirkuni (%&'), -<'. n. To 
be Iran, weak ; nls > Aj^or^. 
r tirk^, ^. A split, splinter; 

^^" tirkei, s. A water jar, pit- 
cher. 2. a handful. t,&z> 

i^j^F tirko 


J>^ tila 


to join the hands for receiv- 
ing anything. ^ a small 
i^.^ri; tirkote, s. A lean or 

weak man. 
3=aJ?)?F<2>j tirkolu, 
3rtFrf tirgaue, see 3oXrs3. 
tirguni, J&: 
tirnane, s^ 
s^F tirtu, ;/<:'. Down, beneath, 
below, under, adj. Lower, 
subordinate. so^ topsy- 
turvy. 20^0 s> to fall down. 
tirtatt^, s. Lower side or 
a lower field. 
tirtadya, s. The thresh- 
old, lower step, under frame. 
5Fff tirtane, J. The lower part 
of a slope; cf. es& 
rO tirtara, s. An inferior kind. 
adj. Lower, inferior. adv. 
Below, under. 

tirthattu, see ^>^\ 
tirduni (^ S;r ), v. n. To 
turn. 2. j^ Srf^a. 
3jFrsl, tirpanatre, ^. A place 


near Cochin; the former resi- 
dence of the Cochin kings. 

Fr tirpani, ^. A fund for the 
repairs of a temple. 

F3 tirpati, see ST>. 

3^0 tirpali, J. Long pepper. 

siFs3 tirpale, J^ ^3- 

sSD^Jj^ tirpavuni, r. y. (o/S%r 
s) To get made, settled. 
2. $ S?ojF4N. ^5c7\i)5 to 
make gold ornaments. 

^F tirpu, s. A swivel. -~ : t- 
a head-ornament. 

tirpuni (S5), v. a. To 
twirl round. 

&oFosHirbaiiji, J. The abdomen, 
tf r tirbe, J. A piece, chip ; cf. 

tirmuru, s. Exchange. 

tiryande, s. A kind of 

o&Fd tiryara, adj. Low. adv. 
Below, downward, under. 

tirlu, s. The core, heart of 
a tree. =5-stl>$ to come to 
age, to fye full-grown. 
3^Ftirle, ^. A full-grown, strong 

man - [tree. 

3dr tirva, s. A kind of timber 

|>?3F tirse, see ^A- 

tirli, s. The bandage ^^ 
crown of a stack of corn. 
52 s tilu, s. The spleen, milt. 
2. a<5. 

s; tila, s. The gingely oil seed, 
Sesamum indicum. ^Ttitb 
the sesamum flower. ^~fs, 
UsSjsed^ sesamum seed and 
water, presented as an of- 
fering to the manes of the 
departed ancestors. ^e> 
gingely oil. cro?3, Ketoro^ a 
gift of sesamum. 

tilaka, ^. A sectarian or 
ornamental mark on the 
forehead. 2. a freckle, mole. 
tilavuni, ^ 



!es tira 

tilana, see Se^ r. 2. ^^ 

tilavu, see 
tilodaka, ^ under eo. 

tilladuni ( Se g,S), <'. 0. 
To dissipate, disperse, scatter. 
tillana, J. Humming a 

3e!^, 353Dn) tivasu, tivasi, s. 
A kind of carpet, a rug. 2. 
a cushion. 

tili, 0d^'. Transparent, clear. 
2. distilled ; cf. *, *. -S>e& 
clear, <?/ filtered water. 
o5J^^, vl^od^ri tiluvalike, ti- 
luvalige, s. Understanding, 
intellect ; knowledge, infor- 

tillapilla, see derobe. 

" ' ' ' oo co 

:ille, ^^ sl^. 
3^0^-D, o^o^D. o^o^. tinkiri, 


tmkeri, tmkri, s. Preparing 
for the festival of the female 
demons ^^ vstiX. 2. see 

tinku, J^ 
35 0=^3* tmkelu, 

tlntuni, see A; 
)J tlntata, see ^ 

7>^3 tmtara, tintha- 
ra, s. Dispersion, dissipation. 
_'. ruin, waste. ^ls to be- 
come dispersed ; to be ruined. 

to waste. 

i tmtare, s. A destitute 
miserable man. 

tmtaVuni, c. 7'. (of ^o 
To cause to splash, 
tlntuni (3?o), v. n. To 
splash; a/ 

tlmpuni (Sec), z 1 . . To 
snort, breathe heavily. 2. to 
snivel; cf. 3oosoc^$. 
?os5s3 timpele, s. A sniveller; 

Cf. 30Q30CJ33& 

^cibr^ tirntuni, J^ ^^oUo. 
^ tlku^^^/'. Tasteful, savoury. 

* tikara, tikeru, adj. 
Sweetish; not pungent, not 
properly seasoned. 

tlkode, s. A kind of fish. 
i tlge, ^6' A?* 

tlduni (S?S), f. a. To rub, 
press. 2. to irritate. 
*, 3P?J tmu, tini, J. Food, 
meal, diet. 2. a glutton. 
s:! tlpale, see & 

sS tipe, ^. Sweetness. <//'. 
Sweet, fresh. 3^ the liquo- 
rice. ^oK sweet potato, Goa 
potato, Dioscorea aculeata. 

timullu, s. A kind of 
touch-me-not, Cccsalpina ini- 

tlru, s. A nit. 2. the egg 
of a bug. 3. see S?^r. _ 3?o> 
a small louse. &: 

doa. ^8_ a crushed nit. 

3^D tlra, </r/y. Entire, whole. 
Wholly, entirely. 2. decided- 
ly, positively. 

tlrandi, see under 





tiravuni, see 
tiri, see &?8. 

tlrike, .?. Conclusion, end. 

s* tlrinaty, j&2 'SetfojroH. 

3?0?oo> tlrisavuni, 
tlrisuni, c. v. (of 3?tfo$) To fi- 
nish, conclude, complete. 2. 
to settle, decide, determine. 
3. to pay off, as a debt. 
rfjc3e53* tirunatu, adv. As far 
as practicable, to the extent 
of one's ability. 

tiruni (Se5), 77. . To be 
finished, settled, c. dat. To 
be able. <?dca (<?. part.) 
incapable, infeasible, unset- 
tled ; endless, inexhaustible. 
Hetfco eo^ work beyond one's 
ability to perform. cfcrfoK 
he is not well. e?cdo5 


heit not able to do it. 
is is done. S?5^s?b?), 
)setbs> to end, expire, 

tlrumana, J. Conclu- 
sion, settlement, completion. 
adj. Complete, final, adv. Fin- 
ally, -d 83e3, -TSjodo the lowest 
price. 3otfo^s> to settle, re- 
solve, determine. 
do=$ tiruvike, see S?a-^. 
6 tire, see 3?tf. 

oc: 6 tlrelu, ^. Termination, 


rtrd. tlrgade, s. Completion. 

2. see 

, tlrtha, ^. Pure 
water, sacred water in which 
an idol is bathed; a bathing 
place of pilgrimage. 2. a 
bathing place. octo;fj pil- 
grimage to a sacred river. 
ste^fi bathing in sacred 
water. Aa&rji to administer 
sacred water, to give water to 
drink. eobr$ to spring forth, 
as water from a fountain. 
, tirnike, ^ sJesr^. 

tirpavuni, see ^?Q 

tirpu, s. Settlement, 
adjustment, decision, decree. 
e?b$ to be settled, - 
to decide, adjudge. 

tlrpuni, see 

tirvike, J. Conclusion, 
settlement, adjustment. 
s3r tlrve, ^. Land assessment, 

tlrsavuni, see S?8rfs 

tlsa, J^ ae^- 

e^ tlkshana, tlkshna, 

u^ *^\ 

j. Haste', hurry. 2. heat, 
warmth, pungency. #</?". 
Sharp, quick; hot, warm, pun- 

tunkuni, see ^c^o^. 
ofl tunga, s. The river Tunga. 
2. height, loftiness, adj. High, 
lofty. #rfj the river formed 
by the junction of Tunga 
and Bhadra. 

tungaye, ^. A tall man. 



tungaye, s. A kind of 

^o2o tungayi, .?. A fragrant 
kind of grass. 
^oorfo tungu, see ^eoXo. 

tunta, adj. Mischievous, 
impudent, wicked. 33 impu- 
dence, wickedness. 
^oo 13, ^oo &3a tunti, tuntedi, s. 
A mischievous or impudent 

3-ci2 tunte, s. A wicked or impu- 
dent man. 

^oodo tundu, s. A piece, slice, 
bit. 'S'ooUo a rag. Xoa^, 
Xo^Fi a short cudgel. &>o 
3j pieces, fragments. ^s^ 
4s to patch, join pieces. sra 
to fell a tree in blocks. 

to cut into pieces. 
sd tunde, 5. The cover of leaves 
round the loins, as worn by 
Koragar women. c3&j a 
black kind of the five-leaved 

tunna, see xbore. 

ooP^ tunnangu, tun- 
nei, ^. The scurf or mealy 
crust of the body. 
-j tumba, adj. Full, complete. 

tumbavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to fill, load, 
lade. 2. to accuse, impute, 

tumbi, 5-. The blackbee. 
2. J&? *:od. ey?3rf , j^ ?iooa. 
. -j*" tumbilu, -v. Sneezing. 
^s> to sneeze. 

tumbuni (^oo-Ji), 
To bear, carry, as a load. 2. 
to fill. 3. to endure, suffer. 
v, n. To be filled, full. 3 
srorf. s^)^d to suffer from 
a false accusation, s^^a^ 
to be guilty. s& 5- to carry a 
load, rfsw- to be in debt, ^oc 
300^0 e &>5Lrs> to carry an idol 
in procession, round its tem- 

tumburu, see 3oa?d. 

^00^06 tumburu, tum- 
bure, s. A celestial chori- 

c tumbe, s. The plant Phlo- 
mis indica. 

o^^-^^'tumbenekkilu,^. Wild 
vegetation. -^ja54^ wild vege- 
tation to grow; to fall in 


nuni, tummonuni, reft. v. (of 
*joeoo^) To bear or suffer for 
one's self, to be patient. 
turmbu, see sotfocax>. 

tukadi, s. A piece, rag, 
fragment, bit. 2. the division 
of a district. 3. rank and 
file, -rfotfo^s* to divide, to 
put into files. 

tukkutukku, s. Skip- 

, o 

ping; strutting. 2. arrogance, 
haughtiness. -eraXoga to skip; 
to strut. 

tukre, sec *if$j. 

tugadi, tugudi, see 



k tudu 

tugaty, s. The skin, bark, 
rind. ^^s, Stools, c3 
i^s to skin, pare, peel. 

tucca, #;//. Small, little, 
mean. 2. void, empty, desert- 
ed. 33 contempt, scorn, 
vileness. 200 ^ low-minded- 
ness, -rfotfo^ to despise, 

tuccata, s. Biting. 2. 


dispute, quarrel. siitf^s to 
dispute or abuse mutually. 
23"3 s3) tuccavuni, c. r. (of ^ 
E^N) To cause to bite, chase. 
2. to join, unite. 
e3 tucci, see 3o . 


^j> tuccuni O^sf), 7'. a. To 

5* . 

bite. 2. to be joined, united. 

* tuccelu, s. A vicious ani- 
mal; a biting animal, adj. 
Vicious; biting. 

tujji, see & 
z &j 

S3, soe3, tuti, tutti, J. Dearth, 


scarcity. ^//'. Dear, scarce, 

tuda, adj. Bored, scooped 
out ; cf. $><&. -djrfcoo a 
trough made of a palm stump. 

OGeitf tudaru, tudaru, 
^. A light ; a lamp. ^^ an 
iron hand-lamp. o3o?3 lamp 
oil. eo3 the lamp-light pro- 
cession of an idol, etc. ~^> 
33^'$ to light a lamp. 

tudale, see 
tudi, j^ && 
oj^ tudupini, 

tude, 5 1 . The thigh, shank, 
side piece; cf. ^. ^"do 
^ the hip. -^^050 a side 
plank, so?*, srotf a bubo, 
venereal ulcer; cf. 
tudepuni, ^ 
tunangu, J 

tune, J. The gummy juice 
exuding from the stalk, etc. 
of certain fruits. 2. arro- 
gance, pride. sgw^S) to be 

tuti, s. A sort of drone 
corresponding a bagpipe. 2. 

tuttari, see 

tuttavuni, c. v. (of ^> 
s) To cause to dress, clothe. 
tuttu, ^. Dressing. ^ocuj 
clothes, raiment. ^5^ dress, 
clothing, covering. 

tuttuni (^lo), "' a. To 
dress, wear, clothe. 

tutturi, s. A trumpet, 
horn, pipe. crooSo a trum- 
peter, piper. /X5&4$ to blow 
a horn <?r trumpet. 

tudi, ? Point, end, extre- 
mity, top. ^ the arm from 
the elbow. ^00^ complete- 
ly; up to the top. -rfooc3 top 
and bottom. --dx>36 ^^c:3 


aimless, purposeless. Wasfca 
to be sufficient, convenient. 
_ -^ouasto finish, complete. ^ 
the point of a sword. 
tudunkara, J 






^3 tude, s. A river, stream. 
208 the bank of a river. S 
to ford a river. 
tudeculli, .r. The holly- 
leaved acanthus, Dilivaria 

tudemadirengi, ^. 
The tree Crahera niri'ala. 

f&sSo, 3j?3j?3 tunusu, tunuse, s. 
A kind of grass or nettle. 
Tragia involucrata. 
>$ tune, see &>& 

s3e)& tupaku, tupaki, 
. A gun, musket. 
^U tuppati, ^^ rfo^tf. 

tuppe, J. A stack, heap 
of corn or rice. S^F a 
stack with a crown of twisted 
rope of straw and ears of 
paddy. sS the crown of a 
stack. #3 eft a kind of 
to sit in a coil, 
as a serpent. 

^O^JD^ tuphanu, s. A cyclone, 
storm. 2. calamity, misfor- 
tune. 3. a serious imputation. 

tubbu, sec xL)>o . 
ij u 

tubbu, s. Discovery, as of 
stolen property; detection, 
as of an offence. 
^x^j tumuku, s. Pressure, 
doj^o^tumukuni, see IteJoo^os. 

tuyi, J. A feather, quill, 
the plume of birds. 

;^, ioc&>oejo tuyimpuni, 

tuyimbuni (*oo5j;. ^ooe. 
7 r . w. To hiss. 2. to grow 
angry. 3. to blow the nose; 

Cf. ^0*03300$. 

.c^tuyimpele, s. A fretful 
person. 2. a sniveller. 
tuyilu, sre ^ooso^. 
turanga, see zirtoA. 2. 

turana, ^6- ^re. 
turala. '.. ^o. 

turale, J^ jsrl<5. 

^oD)02)j turayi, ^. A crest-like 
head-ornament worn by males. 
2. a crest, plume of feathers. 

^oO turi, s. A cramp-iron, brace. 

^00 3 turita, sec &>&r. 

3jO&>, 3>)033)> turipini, turipuni 
(go&), z 1 . a. To string, as 
beads. 2. to bore, perforate. 
$3_ to bore the ears ; to wish- 
per; to backbite. 

^jOGdoo^i turiyuni (*^), v. n. To 
be stringed. 2. to be bored, 
perforated. ^J55 ax?rd- 
fall, as powder from decayed 

^oooturu, adv. Violently, strong- 
ly. ^3$ to pick flesh from 
a carcass, as a vulture. 
to vie as puppies when suck- 


L turung-u, s. A prison. 

turumbu, s. Chaff. 
to winnow. 
turutu, sec 




? turuna, see 
turuta, see 

turuturu, adv. Swiftly, 

turupu, 5-. Cavalry. 2. a 
trump <?r winning card. 

turupuni, ^<2 go Bib a. 


turuvonuni, v. re/I. 
To embrace, take in. 
odj?do turudu, a^r 1 . Fast, 
tightly. ss^s to hold fast, 
od ture, s. A water-gou rd, pump- 
kin . 3 e9ozl a large calabash 
used by toddy-drawers for col- 
lecting toddy, or by mendi- 
cants as a vessel. 3 4s?^o 
the shell of an over-grown 
gourd. ^ eojstfo the creeper 
of water-gourd. 
^F^OS turkamata, J. Moham- 

^rfii turkali, ^. Distention, 
puffing. 2. pride, insolence. 
igpe^o) to be proud, insolent; 
to be troublesome. 
^F^JC?) turkalyuni (^o^?"^), 
7 r . n. To be distended, as an 
overloaded stomach. 

turke, s. A Turk, Mus- 

kJoF turtu, ^. A female's hair 
tied into a knot. 
FSF turna, see ^r. 

sF, ^OSOF turta, turtu, ^. 
Swiftness, haste, speed, adj. 

Quick, hasty, swift. 

to hasten, accelerate, be quick. 

turli, 5-. Obeisance. 
tula, s. A balance. 2. simi- 
larity. 3. 62 ^0TO. 

)^tulaci, tulasi, . The 
holy basil, Ocimum sanctum ; 
a/(? ^jse^. _ 3^ the embank- 
ment round a basil plant. 
^psS worship paid to it. ^orJ 
beads made of wood of the 
holy basil. 3jse3, _ ;tfd a 
necklace of those beads. 3oo 
"ck a kind of earring. JTOOSO 
the wild basil, Ocimum al- 

2J3 tula, s. The sign Libra. 
2. the seventh solar month. 
tulavuni, . 

tuli,^^'. Sweet, fresh. Se5 
fresh water. 

^)^, ^oojjj^ tulipuni, tuli- 
yuni (^ 3 ), f. a. To churn, 
make butter. 

tuliyuni, .$<? ^oeScxioo^. 

tule, see ^ja3. 

tulebara, . Weighing 
one's self against gold, etc. 
&8W>;3i$> to get one's self 
weighed against gold and dis- 
tribute it in charity. 

tulya, adj. Comparable, 
analogous, equal. 

ow tullatulla, see go^^otf. 


tulli, see 00 . 

f" 5 



ex>> tulluni, 






sj tullela, tullyala, 

5j tuva, .s-. Overflowing, run- 
ning over. 

tuvvi, J^ 3ooso. 

, tusku, #<//. Useless, vain, 
unmeaning; also 3?kj. 
tulasi, -$ goaeJ. 

), ^o?e)^)ri tulapini, tula- 
vuni (^^>), ?'. #. To row, 
paddle, steer; cf. 
tuli, see Tbv. 
tulipuni, ^ 
tuliyuni, ft 

tulu, J. Talu. ^/. Of or 
belonging to Tulu. K^t-hc 
Tulu people, -fe^ the Tulu 
country. -EJTO^ the Tulu 

tulukuni, J^ deec^os. 
tulutaye, ^. A native 
of the Tulu country. 
^o ^5 tuluve, ^. Softness, as 
that of a variety in fruit, etc. 
adj. Soft, as a fruit, etc. tfo^o, 
a soft kind of mango. 

tuluve, s. A Tulu man. 
an ox born and bred 
up in the Tulu country. 
3 tulpuni, see 

tulpe, ^. A shell, skin, rind. 


.^ 1 . In an out- 
v v 
spoken manner, straightfor- 

wardly. 2. suddenly, hurried- 
b'- -^^ to speak out or 

tulluni (*>,), . . To 
roll, turn. 2. to leap, jump. 
s'o* tullelu, J". A marriage 

among Pariahs; also 
3 tu, ^. Fire. ^". Fiery. 
2. bright. 3. ardent. -**\ 
matches. 3 #5 soot. 3 ^3 
the scar of a burn. ^ ^<5 a 


flint stone. 3 &i5, _^ -S-5, _ ^ 
^ocfvg a spark. 3 ^octi, _ 3 
^jsciS, _^ 7^00 a fire pit. 3 
&?^, a firebrand. 
burning coals. 
flame. ^ 47^ smoke. 
a box of matches. 3 t=^ 
-^"^. -^ 4^ v a burn, scald, 
blister. 3 M$ the heat of 
fire. 9a>F$ fire to burn. 
eroa^S to blow fire. 2o^0j$ 
to poke fire. tfjatf^s fire to 
blaze. 7\tvJd fire to burn fit- 
fully. e^x3)S to quench 0r 
extinguish fire. ^o.$> fire to 
extinguish. ta^FS, Aeo^os 
to tread on fire; to smother. 
, _ OT^j^to set fire. &> 

to light, kindle a fire. 
fire to smoulder 

tunkana, s. Swinging. 
2. dependence. 

tunkaliyuni, see ^e 

tunki, see 

tunku, s. Swinging. 2. 
drowsiness. 3. reeling. 4^ 

-.) tunku 



, sJ5or!ji tunkuni, tun- 
guni (&3CT?. ^>cK), v. a. To 
swing, toss. r 1 . n. To reel. 
2. to doze, be drowsy. 3. to 

tungalu, adj. Awny, 
full of beard, as corn, 
awny paddy. 

tungu, s. The beard of 
barley, etc. 

turici, adj. Thin, fine, 
small. 2. see riocsl. 
turiji, se 
tunti, st 

3 s tundalu, s. A nest of red 
ants. 2. see ^coc. 
Ooct)> tunduni (&aoS), v. a. To 
aim, point at. 

ozto* tundelu, s. Pointing, 
Qo&o* tumbaru, ^. A big hole. 

2pff& ^'^'~^9'^^ 
o ut' MIB cvo. 

3ozod tumbara, ^. The eye of 
a spade ; cf. ~dx*3<5. 

tumbu, tumbe, see 

tumbo, ^ 

tuka, ^. Weight ; weighing. 
3 AOOT!) a plummet ; weights. 
&a&$ to ascertain the weight. 
-rfos^s to weigh. 
2^ tuka, (im-perat. first pers. 
pi. <;/" ial-s). Let us see! 
S^d tukara, s. Turbulence. 
-4-?S;S) to be turbulent. 
1^ tukala, J^ ^a^oej. 


ni, tukalyuni (^^<5), r'. ;/. To 
doze, be drowsy. 

tukavuni, c. v. (of 

To cause to weigh. 2. to 
hang up. 

tukiri, see 3ja3oe5. 

tuku, ^. Hanging. 3o35 
a hanging lamp. 

tukuni (^^), ^. a. To ' 
weigh. 2. to hang suspend. 
3. to swing, rock, as a cradle ; 
cf. 3j3^ajoo$. 

3^oe; tukula, s. A hanging 

&j tukuli, tukri, j. 
Annoyance, distraction. ^P? 
2i to annoy, distract. 

tugadi, ^. Drowsiness, 
sleepiness. 2. ^^ ^>^a. 

tugadipuni (^Xa), 
. . To be drowsy, sleepy, 
tuguni, see ^js^o. 

tutanu, s. A mixture of 
rubbish and earth, burnt and 
used as manure. 

tute, s. A torch, made of 
palm leaves, etc. 2. a fierce, 
quarrelsome woman ; also 
^a _^3^X, _sfc a mock-fight 
with torches. ^re^s^a a 
quarrelsome woman. 
SeJo^JS^o tutukolu, ^. A sol- 
dering rod. 

tudi, see ?^a. 

tuna, ^^ ^>^- 

tuti, J 1 . Appetite: desire, 
tutu, ^Vz/. Fie! shame! 



lot! tende 

tuna, s. A stake, post. 
#5cK a kind of yain, Dios- 
corea alata. 

;rs tupana, s. A sign. 
3j5o57rf)3 tupavuni, c. v. (of & 
1$ & SjBsgs) To show, point 
out. 2. to cause to winnow. 
3s*j> tupini (^), 7'. a. To see, 
look, observe. 2. to try, test, 
examine. 3. to visit. 4. to 
seek; to consider, regard. 5. 
to take care. ["rain. 

tupu, s. Winnowing, as 

tupuni (^*), z>. #. To 
winnow, fan. 2. to blame, 
abuse; see ^e^osx 

tube, s. A hole. 

tura, s. A contract, parti- 
cularly for toddy. -~ <3 
toddy supplied according to 
contract. tftd a toddy- 
drawer who has contracted 
to supply toddy. rf ^e3 ^o^ 
i&s- to consign toddy accord- 
ing to contract. 

turi, .?. Au earthen water- 
pot; cf. e&a&. &*> a man 
with a dropsical belly. 

J-. Zizi- 

anoplia. wtizs to 

turu, J 1 . A crack, chap, 
fissure. eoot^s to crack, 

ij turuni (^^), z ( . . To 
crack, as a vessel. 

.'tfj turolu, y. A kind of 

^joVo, turimullu, 

rattan, Calamus rotaug; cf. 

^- the root of 

the same. -3 see? a thicket 


of the same. - 3^ a walking 
stick made of the same. 
?cijr turya, s. A musical in- 

tula, (iwpcrat. 2nd pcrs. 
sing. of3^$) See ! 2. ^a' 
tulangi, ^ 
tuli, J^e 5&a?5. 

tuluni (*a^), '' . To 
totter, reel; to nod, be drowsy. 

tulengi, see 7la3c?\. 
tula, ^- Inspiration; en- 
thusiasm, ecstacy. 

tulam, s. A kind of cotton, 
tulu, see s^^o. 
zf trutu, ^. An instant, 
ca truna, ^. Grass, hay, straw. 
2. a bit. i//'. Light or trifling, 
as a straw, -s^j^io contempti- 
ble; short life. 
^ trupti, s. Satisfaction, gra- 
tification, contentment. 
L$ to be satisfied. -~^ 
to satisfy. [desire. 

x3S trushe, J. Thirst. 2. wish, 
tenkayi, J^ ^^^oso. 
tenkralu, J. A red kind 


of stone. 

tengu, s. The cocoauut 
tree. 2. a swelling. 

tendu, see &-$> 

tend6, ^v i 

Jozi tende 


Jib. tettu 


tendemuli, s. A species of 
thatch grass. 

zSs ff tendelu, ^. A very young 
cocoanut just out of bud. 
&>?& a shrivelled or wan 
face. ^uo^ the face to 

cS* tennu, adv. Now. 
ffcj* tennasu, see $3& 

iozod tembara, tembare, 

s. A small drum. e3jawo $ to 



loft tembi, s. The lower part of 
a cocoanut shell. 2. the back 
of the head. 

;io0, Joz5a tembiri, temberi, ^. 
A burning sensation in the 
throat. 2. a raw taste, as of 
imperfect seasoning of food. 

Joc3oo3oo) temberiyuni (3oe35), 
"V. n. To feel a burning sensa- 
tion in the throat. 2. to taste 
raw, as imperfectly seasoned 

Jcsooca tembuda, adv. Yet, still, 
up to this time. 

Ioz3 tern be, see 

;io~C; tembere, see 

Jo^a" tembelu, see 

Jo^j temma, ^. A cough, cold. 
^^ the whooping cough. 
^jse^ cough with dyspnoea, 
bronchitis, ^o^ a catarrhal 
cough. a^ to cough, 

3=5*, tekku, sec &. 

~ u 

^,d tekkare, s. A cucumber, 


Cucumis sahva. 
^,s3or tekkarme, .?. A kind of 
ornament; also &\ 2. see 

tekkale, -? 
^^^ tekkavuni, c. f. (<?/" ^ 

^s>) To quench, put out, 


, tekki, s. Teakwood, Tectona 


grandis. ^ si>tf the teak tree. 

j,^ tekkuni (^j), ^. n. To be 
extinguished. 2. to be calm, 
be pacified. && ^oS the 
fire is quenched. ^js?si anger 
to be pacified. 

, tekke, ^^ ^^. 2.^^ 2^^. 
^,6 tekkere, ^^ ^3. 
i*o 6 tegulu, J. A sprout, bud. 
Y^o^ teguluni (e?\^), v.n. To 
sprout, shoot, bud. 
io> teg-uni (^^), z/. . To take. 
2. to abuse, revile, ^e making 
a threatening noise. 
uni, see 

ris3 tegele, ^. Abusing, reviling. 
_^AO?> to abuse. 
s , tettu, ^/'. Bad, wicked. 2. 
rotten, decayed; /-?<? *0. 


^3|,^)^ tettavuni, c.v. (of ^^ 
) To cause to be damaged, 
corrupted or failed; also 

ejo,^ tettuni (^^), ^'. n. To rot, 
decay, be damaged. 2. to 
become corrupt. 3. to fail; 
also 3$. 




a tedi, sec 

ao* tedity, s. Thunder, thun- 

derbolt. thunderclap. ^Sooel 

a flash of lighteniiig. &e3 

- , _ -rfoj3;3o$ to 


30$ to be struck by lightening; 

to be thunderstruck. 
?z7? tenasu, ^ >. 
^ tetti, -y. An egg. 

z$ tettuni (3), P. . To 
throb 0r distend, as the kid- 
neys from accumulation of 

>*" tenu, J^ ^=^- 

^'osoao, Jc^o3otenukayi, ten- 
kayi, .y. South, adj. Southern. 
2. the Malabar province. 

?j* tenas^i, s. Food, feeding. 

j teni, J^ erax 

c5,6 tenkere, irregular gerund 

teppa, s. A float, raft. 2. a 
shoal of fish. adj. Dense; cf. 
tit*. _ tfuo a to make a float. 

oJ d 

^&ri tepparige, ^. A cloth- 

like substance which wraps 

round the base of the cocoanut 


) teppu, s. The fibrous cover- 

ing of certain nuts. 2. see tf^y 

S teppe. see 3 v 

oJ oJ 

tebatuni, see SEOWOS). 
tebatfe, s. A kind of fish. 
i tebbu, J. A bow string. 


tebbubbu, ^ ^e5,aw. 


tematige, see 

teyi, teyya, s. Beating 
time in dancing. 
n teyya, .stf ^o^- 
terante, sec o?-doB. 

terakayi, s. Breadth. 2 
making way. adj. Broad, 
wide; also ^tesoao. 

teraduni, see e^rfosi. 
terana, see s^c. 
terapu, s. Space, room. 
t-erasy, see ~st^>. 
terige, J. Taxes. 
e!^)5) teripavuni, c. i'. (of 3 
To make known, com- 
municate, inform. 2. to ex- 
plain. expose. 

teripuni, sec oS^sjjs. 

teriya, .?. A cirular pad of 
wicker or straw, placed under 
a vessel to make it steady. 
DToj teriyu, s. A circle. 
oJjo^ teriyuni (*e), r-. ;/. To 
be known, understood, com- 
prehended. c. dat. To under- 
stand. 2. to be able. 3. to 
feel, perceive, conceive. oSoc'F 
^aod-xiorfo I know, or I can. 
e?odoK 3&a3 he did not know, 
he could not. 

teruntuni, see g^ouos. 
teruve, see &?3r. 
16 tere, see 5. 

terekayi. r ^>- 

16 tere 



tereduni (*35), v. n. To 
be confounded, confused. 2. 
to roll down. 

$j)F> terpuni (5), v. a. To 
separate. ^SrS, srotio^ to 
make one sit in a cross line 
as an outcaste at dinner. 
3r o ? L$ to keep separate; 
to interdict, excommunicate. 

s2r terpe, s. Sod thrown up by 
ploughing; cf. ec-3r. 

sSr terve, see B^f. 

e^oeii^ teluntuni, see *f 0^0$. 

e;^), l^"3^j telavu, telavu, $. A 
young 0r half grown cock. 

ws3), lo^d> telavuni, telavu- 

ni (3e, iferc), r-. TZ. To go aside, 

make way. 2. to avoid, shun. 

eTSoto* telantu, s. Coming 


> teli, s. Gruel, rice water. 
2. see $& 

> telike, s. A laugh, smile, 
laughter. 2. ridicule, de- 
rision. dioXo'do a gentle 

telipavuni, c. . (<y $ 
To make laugh. 
telipuni (*5), P. . To 
laugh, smile, v. a. To deride. 
Ni teliyavuni, see 

teliyuni, J 
j telu, j 1 ^ ^^. 

^jjrlo telungu, telug-u, 
. Telugu. 

telunge,^. A Telugu man. 

^ teluntuni, see ^fcuos>. 
o^ telpu, j 1 . Thinness. <//. 

Oj ^ 

Thin, lean. 2. few, little, 
telpuni, j^ 3%$. 

Ja^^) tellavu, tellavu, s. 
A thin, flat kind of cake, 
made of rice flour, etc. 

oo telluni (^^), v. a. To 
winnow, sift. 

s3 telle, j^ ^3. 

00 CO 

s^N tellena, a^/ Thinnish; cf. 

m J 


sjs:* tevalu, ^. Desire, wish. 

2. attachment. 

^okb^ teluntuni (if^oG), ^. n. 
To contract, shrivel. 2. to 
wither, grow thin, 
teli, see 3& 

teliyuni, see 
O^ tenkuni, ^ 
tenke, j^ ^?c??. 

l^rfoo^r teku- 
murku, tekamurka, s. Cloying, 
palling, satiation. 
^ teka, see 3&. 
$ir teke, adj. Brimful, up to 
the brim only. es5 about 
three quarter seer of rice. 
04^ to mete up only to the 
brim of a measure. 
dA* tegu, J. Belching. 

?rt>> teguni (^), ^'. . To 

?fc:, J"^?u^ teja, tejassu, s. 

Lustre, light, splendour. 2. 

glory, fame. 




teji, s. A gift ; cf. 3e3s. 

teji, 5. A horse of superior 
breed, adj. Swift, fast. 2. 
sharp, as a knife. 

titu, J 1 . The beard of grass; 
cf. ^jssXo. adj. Pure, clear; 
glaring, downright. osoij 
a tall man. c3oc?? pure oil. 
Tdotfo, a glaring lie. 
lta, JeeJ tetila, tetla, J. A 


kind of vegetable, Caladium 
tete, ^ e 3j. j-^ 

tedayi, ^. A base woman, 
tedayi, $&? f. 
tedi, ^<'6 ^?S. 

, 1^ tedu, tede, ^. A slice, 
piece, as of a jack fruit ; cf. 
?3 e 3o. 
ci tede, s. A kind of fish. 


are its differ- 
ent species. 

d^o^Oj tedemullu, JT. A kind 
of tree. t>o&r the fruit of 
the same. 

^a tedi, s. A day of the solar 

j tepangayi, see a^o 

^sjcrio* tepangelu, J. Any 

article with an inclined sur- 

t^s&& tepakallu, s. A polishing 

stone, whetstone. 
3?f!tepane, s. Rubbing, polish- 

ing, as a precious stone. 

d tepale, s. A kind of trough 
or bucket used for watering 
trees, etc. 

tepu, s. Rubbing, whetting, 
polishing, as a precious stone. 
^^ a polishing stone: a 
corundum. AST? a polisher. 
_ 3OQ30 a whetting board. t, 
5^43 to polish, cut, as a 
precious stone. 
^tepuni (^e), i'.a. To throw 
water with a bucket or 
trough. 2. to irrigate. 3. to 
rub, polish. 

tebate, see 3&&. 
tematige, see $^&*. 

e^JS^ temana, temana, 
s. Loss in assaying metals, 
waste caused by rubbing or 
polishing metals. 

^db temayi, teme, see 

io teya, ^^ ^^^>- 
^o* teru, ^. An idol-car. 2. the 
car-festival. -3^3$ to draw 
a car in procession. 
^D* teru, J. Bark, rind, peel. 
^eSbs, J3^\^, WRX4SJ, 3<! 
^ to peel, bark, flay. 3^^d_ 
the peelings of cucumber. 
do&3 terante, s. A centipede, 

?De>s3 terata, s. A car festi- 

teru, see ^?5. 
tere, ^^ ^?5. 

d tereda-mara, s. The 




marking-nut tree, Semecarpus 

tergade, s. Settlement; 
conclusion; acquittal. 2. 
passing, ^as an examination. 
s3r terpe, s. Mire sticking to 
a plough. 

i^ra terbldi, .?. The street 
through which an idol-car is 
drawn; the oar-street. 

telu, see ?<?. 

telavuni, see ^04$. 
teluni (3?S), f. . To 

tevu, s. A kind of yam, 
Arum colocasia; Calladium 

S?* telu, .?. A scorpion. Xoo5 
the hook of a chain, to which 
a coin etc. is suspended. 553 
so$ a scorpion to sting. 


teinati, s. Being in one's 
charge or care. 2. a peon 
attending on a superior offi- 
cer; an orderly. 
j^i teipini, see ??)$. 

fl teirane. j^ *L(^& 

teiruni, see s*8orfoo& 
teilu, j 1 . A money bag, 

jj, i>e3 teila, teile, ^. Oil, 

ri teilasa, f^ i^esJ. 
teili, J^ ^ (^- 

tonke, s. Void, vacuum. 

tonge, tongelu, 
^. A cluster of blossoms; 
a bunch of fruits, etc. 

tonde, see ^oozf. 2. 5-^ 

tondekalpu, ^. The 
northern frontier of the Tulu 

laud. ifjaciS^reJOx'rfj ^^^jserr^j 
j co 

t?^^, 3ooW. ^j^o d?^ the Tulu 


country extends from Tonde- 
kalpu down to the ford of 

tondtini, see g&S^s. 

tondappe, s. A tadpole. 

tondare, s. Entangle- 
ment, confusion. 2. perplex- 
ity, annoyance, trouble, vexa- 
tion. 3. misfortune, distress. 
3odo^ tonduni (&8o5), v, a . 
To work hard, labour; cf. 

tondoru, s. A baking pan; a 
copper vessel for baking cakes 
by steam. 

^od tonde, adj. Big, distended. 
soc^ a big belly. ^5 a 
tadpole. <3re> a kind of 

Sowd tombara, #^/. Abundant, 
much. adv. Heartily, freely. 

to eat heartily. 

tombaku, see ^OSJBTF. 

SosSo tomme, s. The lobe of 
the ear. 

togari, togare, 
. The pigeon-pea, Cajanus 


'j toddu 

indicus. -?;& -pdsftoso doll, 
split pigeon-pea. 
togalu, J 
togori, J 
^ tojanku, see 

Jjs^^, JjSfciacS tojake, tojakade, 
s. Malice. *>ifdos to talk 
maliciously; to give vent to 

tojji, s. Itching, scratch- 
ing. 2. the scum of water, 
collected into bubbles. 
toti, s. An old woman. 

;f J3&3 tote, s. An old man. 

J jsll totti, s. A bucket, trough, 



tottilu, s. A cradle, cot. 
zJ$j a bat. sTOcg a large 
kind of butterfly. j&so^os 
to rock a cradle. 

tottu, s. The stem 0r 
stalk of a leaf 0r fruit. 2. 
the nipple of a breast. 
syo,^, JS&,r?o> tottuni, tot- 

E r 

tonuni (js^i &s&3. re) r r . rr. 

V ftj fej / 

To embrace, hug, hold fast; 

cf. ^feSjs.O'SOS). 
7 J 

jS^ totte, ^. A basket made of 
cocoanut leaves. 2. a honey- 
comb; cf. *Kj. --sUcXor a 
kind of crane. trough. 

j totrayi, s. A wooden 
totlale, s. A child in the 
cradle ; also ^^6aro3. _#>? 
k$ a wife to return to her 
husband's house, with the 
new-born child. 

todumbe, s. A cluster 
of flowers. 

^J3Cdc^ todanku, s. A clasp, 

iJSZ^ todaku, ^. Entanglement; 
obstacle, hiuderance. 

Jjs^rio^ todaguni (5^K), r. . 
To begin, commence. 2. to 

Jjsdno*, s. Beginning, 

;JS^orftodainane, ^. Entertain- 
ing a son-in-law or a mother- 
in-law for the first time. 

Jjs^o 5 , Jja^do todaru, todaru, 
s. Entanglement, obstacle. 

Jj5ds5 todale, s. The funeral 
dinner. 2. hardship, trouble. 
ti os5s. food earned with 



todi, see ^^o. 

todige, ^. Clothes, dress. 
2. ornaments. 3. avidity, 

szi>, Ij^do^je3 5 todu, toduvelu, 
j. Greediness. . &5Tio3<3 a 
greedy man. 
tode, J^ ^^ 

todepuni (^^), '. . 
To anoint. 2. to paint. 3. 
to smear, rub. 

-DV* todevalu, s. A bubo. 
Jjsc^j ^ todduve, s. A large bee. 
2. a beehive, honeycomb. 3. 
a lump of musty flour. ^wo^ 
~ to build a beehive; to be- 
come musty. X^s to ex- 
tract honey from a beehive. 




sci todde, J. A large kind of 
bee. 2. its hive; cf. Aerfo^J. 

toddelu, .?. Greediness. 
2. a large bee. 

toddeli, see *a&a. 
Jjsd,3 toddele, todtele, 


. A greedy man. 

a todtini, J. A greedy 

tottu, s, A maid servant, 
todale, s. A stammerer, 
todale, .s. Stammering. 

2. indistinct pronunciation. 

3. untruth. ssidos to stam- 
mer; to lisp; cf. 


todungeilu, s. Long- 
ing, eagerness. 
3d>o3) todupu, s. A vain hope 
or desire. 

as^s?^ toppalipuni, see 
toppi, s. A cap, hat. 
toppu, ^^ ^4 Y 


toyali, J. A washer- 

^j^) toyipuni, see &e$ca. 
toyila, w *& 
toyili, ^ 
tora, ^^ ^- 
torangu, see 

torake, .s. A large flat 
seafish, a skate, thornback. 
x$- , be> different species of 

torage, see 
rs torana, see 

torapuni, ?'. </. To wash 
superficially. 2. to flatter. 
3. to heal a disease by incan- 
tations, fumigation, etc.\ also 

torali, j 

torale, s. The mucus of 
the nose. 

30o3)> toripuni, J^ OJS^FS. 
s6^ s torely, ^. Abandonment. 

3d^> torevuni (<i^), ^. . To 
abandon, give up. 

torkaliyuni, see As 

JS^OF^ torkuni (&5nFr), ^. a. To 
play. 2.J 

torpu, J. A kick. 

torpuni (^5), ^. a. To 
kick. 2. to tread. 
3*oz3 tolumbe, 
tolanga, J 

tolaguni (Aa?\), . . 
To depart, move away; to 
leave, forsake, desert. 
j?>2J39e)Dtoladliari,.y. A weigher. 

JS^ tolike, s. The skin, bark, 


tolumbe, J. A bunch, 

toluve, J. A hole. ^jse 
to bore a hole. 
tole, ^. The weight of a 
rupee. 2. a beam, log. 
5do ff tolkelu, see A^f^ : 



j tolpu 


-*) toda 

tolpuni (&s), v.a.&n. 
To prick. 2. to open, as a 
boil. 3. to split, as a tender 
cashew nut. 

tollu, s. Substance, pro- 
perty. -^OT^S to dissipate. 
3^j> tolluni (**$,), P. 0. To 
pluck out, as hair, feathers, 

tolaci, .ft 

be, see 
JjS^S^ tolilu, s. Trade, business. 

2. see ijsorfo^. 
iJS^o tolu, J. A hole. adj. 


tolunkuni, see 

tole, see 
tolke, J 
.a tolluni, see 

V ' 

tolle, ^^ zfjs^. 

toipuni (^-^), ^. . To 
strike, beat. 2. to wash, as 

SoW,} toimbu, a^/'. Large, tall. 
2. fat, stout. 

3* toilu, ^. Plenty, abun- 

tonku, ^tr 

tonge, see 
tombfe, see 


toku, J. Danger, risk. 
2. collision. 

tokulu, see &s?e>o. 
, l-'J^o 9 " toke, tokelu, ^. 
A slope, declivity, adj. Se- 
cluded, retired. 
35T?-?,ejj tokolu, s. A kind of 

tokkale, ^<? ?3^^-s3. 

tojavuni, f. r 1 . (of 
) To show, point out. 
tojuni (^?^), :'. n. To 
appear, be seen. c. dat. To 
seem, think. ijsaio5^8el>s 
to disappear, vanish; to 

eJ tota, ^. A garden, orchard, 
plantation. nso3o a garden- 
er, planter. tysSx- a coffee 
plantation. y83 a cocoa- 
nut garden. 

toti, ^. A scavenger; 
a sweeper. 

?^l3^ totige, s. A class of 
Brahmins, working in planta- 
eJo totu, see ^J8 ? wj. 

toda, s. Faintness exhaus- 
tion. 2. see &5e3o. _ axs-rfoa 
to be exhausted. 

As/ todangelu, ^//'. Scoop- 
ed, burrowed. 

todamarayi, ^. A 
trough scooped out of a single 
log of wood. 

S^SD^c^ todavuni, c. v. (o/&? 
tli^) To cause to dig, to have 

O todu 



;j todu, s. A drain, sewer, 
gutter. 2. a brook, water- 
course, canal. 

&/2?zi>tj toduni (&?S), v. a. To 
dig, burrow, mine.. Xo3J_ to 
dig or sink a well. 

todtini, see e^a^. 

tona, see ^ae?. 

totra, J ^e^j. 

s topana, J. A drain or 
opening on the border of a 
garden to let out rain water ; 
cf. jSjaesire. 

topi, see &&y 

topu, .y. A grove, clump 
of trees. 2. a cannon. 3. a 
red coloured cloth, adj. Red. 
S?3 a female's garment of 
red colour. 

j^sSs* topelu, i&>ee3. 
J3?gj, JJS^ topra, tobra, s. A 
gram-bag for horses. 
ja^w toba, ^. A fault, crime. 
ijseso eyL^ to be harassed, 
or defeated. sdr^s to plead 

SesS, &P23s* tobe, tobelu, adj. 
Big, large. -aio^ a pot- 

S^rfo toma, see ?3p?^o. 2. ^e^. 
3^od tomara, s. An iron crow. 
2. an arrow. 3. a javelin, 
toya, ^. Water. 

toyipuni, J^2 ^4^- 
3^d tora, s. Stoutness, thick- 
ness, adj. Thick, stout, large. 

torana, s. A festoon of 
leaves, flowers, etc. hung over 
a doorway or across the 
highway, a triumphal arch. 
-j^u^s to put up a triumphal 

3?0^, iJ2?eri torike, torige, s. 
Appearance, show, exhibition. 

toru, s. Leaking. 

toruni (&ae5), v.n. To 
leak, ooze, run. 2. see *ee&io). 

tolu, see $&&*. 

^^ tolpuni, J^ ?3js?^a. 

2?^i)S? tovale, ^. A cultivator, 


5?5^) toVU, J^ Aae^J- 

S^sS tove, J. Boiled pigeon- 

3^ tosha, 5 1 . Joy, delight, 

3^S3e)jS, Jjs^?35 ?S toshekhane, 


toskhane, ^. A treasury, 
tolu, J^ ^jse^o. 

tolu, J. The arm. 2. a 

wolf; 0/.J0 &ae#si)\A. a>e> 
strength of arm. -^8^ an 
ornament worn on the arm. 
s3eos> to wave the arm. 
Jjs^ors* tolangu, s. Shaking of 
the arm. 

tolui s. A beam, 
tole, j^ ^js3- 
toi-, J^ /5f^ 
ou-y see &$- 

To shake, wave. 





touku, -y# 

tOUji, SCC 

touda, see 

toudange, The creeper 
Asparagus sarmentosus 
Zsotoudu,.?. Bran, husk. eocr 
brown, ruddy colour. ^o 
a kind of viper. 

toudugoli, s. A kind 
of wild fig tree. 
touti, see o^S. 
toute, j. A cucumber. 

touruni (s 3 *^), r. 0. To 
strip off, as the leaves of a 
tree etc., to remove. 

tourya, $. Music. 
touli, touli, J^ ^4e3. 
trana, ^. Power, strength, 
ability. croo3o a strong 

tranike, ^. A strong man. 


?^ trasu, s. A balance, pair 
of scales. 

So trahi, imperat. Nourish, 
protect (poetic). 
=5^0 trikadu, s. A medicine 
composed of three ingredients 

trikarana, J. Thought, 
word and deed. 

trikala, s. Morning, noon 
and night. 2. past, present, 
and future tenses. 
j^rs trikona, s. A triangle. 
adj. Triangular. 

triguna, s. The three 
qualities, i. ., truth, passion, 

and ignorance, adj. Three- 
fold, treble. 

trijayi, s. A third part, 
tritiya, adj. Third. -3 
( the instrumental case, 
tridiva, s. Heaven. 

trinama, J. The secta- 
rian mark worn on the fore- 
head by Vaishnavaits. 
o triphala, s. Three kinds of 
fruits, i. e. es3 , c3e5 , ascS^oao, 
used in medicine. 
$odr3 tribhuvana, s. The three 
worlds, heaven, earth and 

dod trimara, s. A holy tree; 
also Stfo^jd 

trimurti, s. The Hindu 
triad, Brahma Vishnu, and 

doJEw trimula, s. Three kinds 
of medicinal roots. 
o3j^ triyeka, adj. Triune. 
0or( trilinga, s. The three 
genders, namely: masculine, 
feminine, and neuter. 

triloka, sec >)%>^3. 
trivarga, s. The three 

^ human objects, namely: love, 
duty, and wealth. 

& >v >J trivikrame, s. A name 
of Vishnu. 

3 >$ trividha, s. Three kinds. 
adj. Threefold. 

3> s^d trivude, s. A kind of metre. 

3^J3w trisula, s. The trident of 




tretayuga, s. The 
second or silver age of the 

treilokya, see 

tvakku, s - The skin; the 
rind, bark, as of fruits, trees, 

tvarita, s. Haste, speed, 


tha, The thirtieth letter of 
the alphabet. 

thagude, see ctf\a. 
e; thatala, ^. The sound of 
an unexpected slap. 
thattu, see 3&j 
thattane, see &xf- 
thatti, see *% 
thattuga, j^ ^^- 
thattetaraku, J. House- 

hold furniture. 
q$d thara, see ad 
qS^ thala, J a*. 



o) thantuni, J&? sscyj$. 
thatu, ^. Gaiety, mirth, 

S thatuni, see 
thate, ^^ ss^- 
> thaduni, see 
thade, s. An ox that gores. 
q3)cl thane, ^^ ^>r. 
qidrj thasa, J. Heat, burning. 
2. inflammation, fever. 3. 
anguish, distress, 
thedi, ^ 

cj da, The thirty-first letter of 

the alphabet. 
do dam, see roSo. 

dankavuni, c. v. (o/ rfo 
To cause to kick, etc. 
dankiyuni, j^ ^o^o^^. 

dankuni ( rfo ^), ^. . To 
kick, or throw with the foot, 
as a ball. 2. to despise, treat 


with contempt. 3. to flaunt, 
strut. rfoT?5 sre^3os> to speak 
defiantly. 3&>r to mock at 

elders should not be despised. 
>tfoo dankyuni (=^), v. n. To 
crow lustily, as a cock. 2. 
mucus to discharge from the 
nose ; to suffer from catarrh. 

don* dang^i 



dangu, .$. The arm. 
dori danga, see ^~T(. 
do n >>> dangapini, see under 

)2j dangavuni, c. v. (of rfo 
To cause to bend, bow. 
do A dangi, .s^ 2c*. 

dangi, dangidi, ^/'. 
Bent, inclined. ~&ri a bent 
tree, sjsjodo bent with age ; 
old, infirm; cf. rfoXos. 
dangu, .s^ ~CA. 

danguni (^K), ?. ^. To 
bend, incline. 
doridange, J. Rebellion, mutiny. 

ewa^a to rebel. 
dangelu, ^//'. Bent, in- 
clined. s. Bending, inclina- 

dantu, s. The stalk of cer- 
tain grains and vegetables. 
2. any pot-herb, as spiuage, 

dantavuni, c. v. (of ^o 
To cause to stumble, 
trip. 2. to give offence. 
osi> dantuni (3o!3), v. n. To 
stumble, v. a. To throw with 
the foot, as a ball. rfoSS 
-S to stumble; to be of- 

dante, s. A walking staff, 

dc~' dandu, J. A spring of water. 
2. an army. 8?$r a sacred 
bathing place near Udapi. 
a soldier. crocdo^ a 

general. ?5d a spring of 
water. ^w^a to levy an 
army- ste'Koiios to go to war. 
dandu, s. The stalk, as of 
a plantain leaf. 2. an oar, 
paddle. eSe&a, 3^3 to row, 

danda, s. A staff, stick ; also 
rfozs^jseoo. 2. punishment, 
fine. 3. obeisance, salutation; 
also ^-33^. 4. loss, waste. 
53^; an ascetic's staff. trooSj 
a worthless fellow. $?3 
polity; ethics. e?L*> to be- 
come worthless; to be wasted. 
^jsLrs to pay fine <?r dam- 
ages. ^Jtfo^ to waste. 

dandaka, s. A sort of 
metre. 2. the name of a 
forest mentioned in the 

dandane, s. Punishment, 
pain, torment. &&& penance, 

dandasu, s. A black- 
smith's tongs; a large pair of 

dandi, s. A mace-bearer. 
2. an ascetic. 

dandige, s. A kind of open 
palanquin. 2. a palanquin 
pole. 3. a sunbeam. 
Ss^, do:ij dandipuni, 
dandisuni (-=^), ' . To 
punish. 2. to mortify, as the 

dandiyavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to stretch 




out the hand, as by offering 
to give something, to offer; 

also rfcC53o^)S>. 

dandiyuni ( ao5 ), v. a, 
To put forth, stretch the hand 
to receive anything; also rfo 

dod daude, .?. Ornament worn 
on the arm. 2. a dam, mound, 
bank, bar. 3. the back of a 
pial. ^JTJ a log of wood 
placed across the brink of a 
well to stand upon. 

dosin dandye. see ctoatf. 


doo danta, s. A tooth, tusk. 2. 

do3s>d<, do3 dantavale, danti, 

s. An elephant. 
do^o dantya, adj. Dental. 
do 3 dampati, ^. A married 

couple. 2. a household. ^, 

j t33o;j3|g. _;$>i adoration 

or honour paid to a married 


dozo damba, see rio$. 2. 
doto!3 dambati, 
dozo^^ dambadige, s. Delight, 

pleasure. 2. love, good will. 

3. acquiescence. 4. persua- 


?jO^ dambadipuni, dambadiyuni 
dambadisuni (rfoeoa), ^. a. To 
please, delight. 2. to recon- 
cile, appease, bring to acquie- 
scence. 3. to persuade, con- 

dambade, see 

dambadyuni, see 

dambu, see 
do 200^ dambudi, ^. A pie. 

dowos?, do^js^ dambuli, dambo- 
li, s. A thunder bolt. 

dambe, j. The hollow slip 
of a palm or bamboo used 
as a drain. 

* dambelu, see <3od. 
$ dambha, see tiotf. 
damma, see ^r. 
dodo damma, adj. Left. 2. ^^ 
ri^. _T% the left hand. -^ 
a left-handed man. 

odjOJooJ dammante, 
dammayante, ^^ d^oodooS. 
osjoojj dammaya, ^. An humble 
mode of entreaty; craving 
mercy or indulgence ; also 
rfo^ocdorfs^odo. _ tit\& to crave 
mercy. ;rat$o$ to entreat, 
importunate, dun. 
dammaru, ^ 
dammare, see 
dammu, s. Breath, hard 
breathing. ;tfd'! gymnastics. 
_ *B^ to hold one's breath; 
to be silent. 35^$ to hold 
one's breath. sjstfos to die. 
_ sooa^s to breathe; to sigh. 
to breathe in. 3 
breathe hard; to smoke. 

J ) 



drf dagga 

damshtra, s. A tusk, fang, 
large canine tooth. ^TOS? 
a person having projecting 
teeth; a demon so called. 

dosi, doS dainsa, da lisa, ^. A 
gadfly. 2. a bee. 3. ^<? v=*>. 

C^,a^, dakkudikka, a Jr. Soon, 

eta dakka, s. Trouble. * 


to get into trouble. 

d?\3 dakkati, s. Possession, con- 
trol. 2. appropriation. 3. di- 
gestion. ?>$ to be appro- 
priated; to be digested. 

titt dakka, J. Weight. 2. Diffi- 
culty. a?t$ to place a weight 
upon anything; to press; to 

> dakkavuni, c.v. (ofrts^ 
a) To cause to throw, expel. 

i). n. To place a weight upon 

rso^) dakkavonuni, rcfl. i<. 


(of tiv^3>$) To retain, digest 
anything eaten. 2. to mis- 
appropriate successfully. 3. 
to carry a load or burden. 
4. to take charge of. 

*,3 dakkita, see =#j3- 

dakkuni (^), 7'. . To 


cast out, throw away, expel. 
2. to reject; also ri^Tiis. r. w. 
^ d^s>. sJ5jj5^f8e) to be 
thrown away, lost. s3a_ to 

^, dakke, s. A quay, pier, 
embankment. 2. J#? ^^.- 

3 dakkoti, see ti 

daksavuni, c.v. (o 
) To bring into another's 
possession. T. -. To defend, 
retain, or appropriate to one's 
self what belongs to another; 
also tiv*>l4e(*)& 
^ daksuni (^), 7 1 . . To 
be retained, digested, as food 
medicine, etc. 2. To be mis- 
appropriated successfully. 

dag^di, s - A rogue, im- 
postor. 2. a termagant, vixen, 
daga, see -*. 

e, J. An amazon, 
masculine woman, adj. Bold, 
masculine. 2. ill-tempered. 
_ scrooso an aggressive or quar- 
relsome tongue or temper. 

, drizort dagadaga, dagaba- 
ga, <&'. Brightly. es&ora 
to blaze. 

dagare, J. A funeral drum; 
also rf^TSdjsefiw. 

to s zjt>codagalubaji,.y. A rogue, 
cheat, impostor. 2. roguery, 
dishonesty, imposture. 

dagale, s. A coat ; livery, 
to put on a livery. 

dagasu, ^. Corn, grain in 

dage, s. Deceit, trickery, 
imposture. AST?, so3o a 
deceiver, impostor. rfotfo^ato 
deceive, cheat; to disappoint. 
^, drt?3 dagga, daggane, Wr. 
Suddenly. -aors to blaze 
up suddenly. 



- T 

t3z3 dacca, ^^ c*u. 


dZa rf daccane, see 


dfcio> dajjuni, see 


dk5 data, s. Thickness. 2. coarse- 
ness. 3. closeness. adj. 
Thick, stout, coarse. 2. close. 

dkreoS:>;4j> datayisuni (rf&rooao 
oJ), z 1 . 0. To fix, make firm. 

dil datti, s. A waist-baud. 


ci dattiyuni, dat- 
tyuni (^)i #. 0. To rub out, 
obliterate, wash off. v. n. To 
be dense, crowded. 
dadu, see rfS^. 

^O^^?^, rf^*5* dadumbasu, 
daduku, adj. Coarse. ^ocWo 
a coarse cloth. 
^fc^ dadujaddu, s. Callosity. 
adj. Callous. 
dada, s. A shore, bank. 
dadakka, a^. Suddenly. 

to fall suddenly. 
dadadada, ^. The noise of 
fast walking or talking. crftS 
3$ to walk very fast- s^ 
^J to speak or talk rapidly. 
dadabada, dada- 
badi, s. Rapidity, hurry ; cf. 
rirfrfrl 2. the noise of falling 
suddenly. ^ hurry, haste. 
a bouncer, blusterer. 
to fall suddenly. 
as* dadalu, f//'. Talkative, 
loquacious. erooso loquacity. 
^^3 dadale, see ^a??. 
dcJ dadavante, s. A strong, 
powerful <?r influential man. 

dadadadi, adj. Quick, 
active, smart, adv. In hot 

dadi, s. A speck in the eye. 
2. anger, rage. 3. see rt. 
4. see 3fc. aojs-dosi to have a 
speck in the eye. eSjsB^s to 
stamp the ground with the 

dadike, s. A kind of rash, 

ac^o^ dadipuni, dadi- 
yuni (^S-), v.a. To drive away. 
2. see a*a&&. 

dadila, ^^'. Suddenly, -^o 
o^ to drop suddenly. 

dadubadu, J^ rf^so-rf. 
dade, ^. An obstacle, hinder- 
ance. 2. a screen, blind. 3. 
a charm. 4. a scaffold, plat- 
form. 5. a roller, lever. 6. a 
weight equal to seven pounds. 
_ 3^$ to charm a serpent; 
to hinder by witchcraft. 
a?>$ to postpone; to come 
to terms. &&&$ to lift 
upon a scaffold. ^oo^$ to 

daddu, j. Short stubble left 
in the ground. 2. worthless 
paddy. 3. callosity, hardness, 
as of the skin of the palm 
from manual work, etc. adj. 
Dull, stupid, idle; void. ^ 
Sj, a blunt knife. 3d stu- 
pidity, idleness. ^o?\ in- 
dolent syphilitic ulcers. 55 
& a bad kind of rice. - 




QSO a kind of wild screw-pine. 
j&tgVsSocDos an indolent sore 
to suppurate. 

d dadda, adr. Suddenly; cf. 
-^OAopto fall suddenly. 
* daddalu, s. The tree Gz- 

titi /-, daddalakki, 5. An inferior 

ca # 

kind of rice. 
rfg, daddi, ^. A stupid woman. 

<3 ' ' ' L 

2. .S EK8J9 e3. 

8> ojoo^ daddiyuni, see 7\aoire4$. 


cSct dadde, s. A stupid fellow. 

Ci ' ' ' 

2. a sow. 

? daddoli, s. The American 
ca ' 

^?o dadmena, ^. Sluggishness, 
torpor. 2. indigestion. 

danalu, 6-. The sound of 
a bell. 
dani, J^ v. 2. see ^. 

danike, ^. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, exhaustion. &b$ to 
become weary, fatigued, tired. 
danipavuni, c. v. (of 
To fatigue, Aveary, 

daniya, adj. Heavy. 

daniyuni (^rf), v. n. To 
be fatigued, tired, exhausted. 
2. satiated, satisfied; also rfrJ 

cJ danu, J. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, exhaustion. 

dattu, s. The left side. 

datta, adj. Left. -# the 
left hand. 

datta, i. Adoption. 2. a 
gift. a^/'. Given, presented, 
made over. 2. adopted. 4 
an adopted son. 
adoption. rf^e3 a 
deed of adoption. 7?^^, 

to adopt. 

55 j>3 dattapahara, ^. Taking 
back a gift. 

datte, s. An adopted son. 
dattoji, see ** g3& 
dattole, see under rf^. 

dadaluni (rf^S), z>. a. To 
' give, distribute. v. n. To 
tremble. 2. to boast. 3. to 

dadevuni (dz3), w. . To 
become hard, get stiff. 

daddu, s. The ringworm, 
herpes. 3oS~ the shrub 
cassia alata. 
dana, -^ v^- 
i dani, w v- 2. see tf. 

danu, J. A daughter of 
Daksha. 2. J^ qJcis. 
j^ dapana, ^. Burying. 
^^to bury, commit to earth. 
3, rfcp dape, daphe, s. A turn, 
time. 3 every time, again 
and again, frequently. 
S^sid dapedare, ^^ ^03-3. 

o^, rfss^D* daptaru, daptaru, 
s. A bundle of papers tied 
together in a cloth; records. 
&> an annual ceremony 
observed by merchants on 
closing their old and opening 

&_ dapti 


dam a 

their new accounts on the 1st 
day of Vikramaditya's era. 
*^ dapti, see rf4& 
3^ dappa, s. Thickness, adj. 
Thick, stout, -tfopuo a thick 
or coarse cloth. 

, dappu, s. Occasion, coDveni- 
ence, opportunity ; making 
room or forming an open file 
in a gathering of people. 
2. ploughing. 3. an umbrella 
stripped of its leafy covering. 

^ dappuni (-), v.a. To plough. 
daphana, see tt$. 

daphedare, s. A head 

0=^ dabakka, adv. Suddenly. 
2. headlong. axs-doa to fall 
suddenly. s^XonS to jump 
down suddenly. 
oci dabade, s. A capacious 
leathern bottle. 

dabadaba, s. Palpitation 
of the heart. eraXoga to pal- 
^ dabana, see ^a^pe. 

dabare, s. A kind of brazen 
pot. 2. confusion, disorder. 
dabardasti, see 

dabasuni (rfsrooso^), v. a. To 
menace. 2. to force. 3. to 
chide, frighten. 4. to stop, 
detain. 5. to keep under, 
press down. 
d> dabi, s. Sense. ^4 to 

lose one's senses, become in- 

dabili, see s^tf. 
dabuti, see 33,8. 
?/ daburasu, see rfarorS. 
daburi, s. Division of pro- 
fit. 2. a writer. 3. J^ aax>&. 
z^D 5 dabtaru, J^ ^^5. 
c^, dabti, J^ ^4. 
2o N du?3 dabbadabbane, see ^a^- dabbana, s. A bodkin, a 


large packing needle. 

udQud dabbaradibbara, adj. 

Disorderly, confusedly. sro 

tSos to put into confusion. sro 

to speak incoherently. 
dabbi, see 3>& s 
dabbili, see s^. 
dabbu, ^. A crack, break. 

2. j ^ 20 ^- 
dZJA^ dabbudi, J. The wicker- 
work of a cart. 
dm $ dabbuli, j^ ^ aD ^ e3 - 
d& dabbe, ^. A splinter, slip of 

bamboo, etc. adj. Cracked, 

dds^ dabbelu, s. A split, cleft, 

chink, adj. Cracked, split. 
d^uodoovB damayanti, s. The 

name of Nala's wife. 
dsira$ s daman u, s. The large 

sail of a boat. 
dsjjs^jo damami, s. The noise 

of a drum. 

damasu, ^. A stamper, 

beater, large wooden block 



do dari 

with a handle, used to level 
the ground. 

damasa, s. Damask cloth. 
a damukavuni, c. T. (of 
, To cause bluster, 
tumult, noise. 

slo?ro> damukuni, v. n. To 
bluster, storm, swagger. 

dammaya, see rfc^oocio. 
daya, s. Kindness, favour; 
compassion, pity, goodness. 

a?b$ to favour, condescend, 
oblige. ^>s?o^ to honour 
with a visit; to give; to 
come; to sit down; to go. 

do3o?k?} dayasuni (3odo^), v , n , 

To suit, be fit. 
doira^O dayakara, adj. Kind, 

dodJS^ dayanidhi, s. The trea- 

sure of kindness, God. 
doiradol dayavante, s. A kind 

or generous man. 
do&s)?;e>rto dayasagara, s. The 

ocean of kindness, God. 
dotted dayalu, adj. Kind heart- 

ed, merciful, compassionate. 

d?35 the merciful God. 
dd dara, s. Price, rate. 

do dara, s. Fear, terror. 2. a 

hole in the ground. 
dctee>d darakara, s. Power, 

authority; right. 

kastu, see rft 
daragu, j 
daraji, see 


"rs darana, ^. Bursting, split- 
ting. 2.^^ tfdro. 

daradara, J. A noise, sound. 
_ ^^s to drag with a noise. 

darabara, 'idv. Greedily, 
voraciously. ^$ to eat 
voraciously ; cf. 

* darabaru, see 

darasige, ^. A kind of 

darase, s. The day of the 
new moon. 

dari, s. Coloured border of 
a cloth; cf. KB. 2. a window 
blind. 3. railing. ^ocy the 
peg of a railing; a wooden 
post to fasten a racing buffalo. 
daridra, adj. Poor, indi- 
gent. s. Poverty. 35 the 
state of poverty. 

daridre, ^. A poor, desti- 
tute man. 

daripuni (sto), r. . To 
shudder, shiver, tremble (as 
a demon priest); cf. &>$?>. 

io dariya, s. The sea. ero 
rf5Xrf a small island off the 
coast of Udapi, called the St. 
Mary's Island. 

^ dariyapti, s. Enquiry, 
investigation, trial, exami- 
nation. sSotfo to make an 


oJoo^ dariyuni (^&), v. n. To 
break, burst, spring open; 
also d&S&eba. 

darisana, s. A necklace 
of shells. 2. .ft 




daru, s. A door. 2. see tftf. 
daruni, sec ^rJ- 

daruduru, <;//. Rough, 
coarse. z!f^s> to speak eva- 

o daruburu, .?. Sipping, 
darusana, ^ cter. 
dare, .y. A fence, parapet, 
wall ; cf. sit?. _ >3$ to fence, 
raise a wall. [whole. 

w?^ darobastu, <^'. All, 
O* darkaru, ^^ sftiss-d. 

T^,, cJ.sysFT^darkastu, dar- 
khastu, s. A tender for the 
cultivation of land ; an offer 
for liquor contract. ^o^o^d 
to bid for a farm, etc. 
drtr darga, s. A tomb supposed 

to work miracles. 
dcoF darji, s. A tailor. 

darjuni (rf^), r.0. To 

darna, ^^ c^pe. 
ro* dartelu, ^. Breakage, 
what is broken. 
rd dartele, ^. A striker, break- 
er; also rf3r3; cf. ^4^$. 

dartonuni, reft. v. (of 
To beat one's self in 
sorrow, etc. <SX3K to beat 
the breast; to mourn. 
JF darpa, s. Pride, arrogance. 
creoSoaproud, arrogant man. 
JFC3 darpana, s. A mirror, 
looking glass. 

darpu, s. Swelling, inflam- 

darpuni (^), v. a. To 
thrash, beat, strike, break. 
v. n. To swell, inflame. <a 
^ to curse, anathematise. 
araro* darbary, .y. An audience. 

2. an audience hall, a court. 

3. grandeur, pomp, ostenta- 
tion, show. 

darbe, darbhe, s. 
Sacrificial grass, Poa cyno- 
s^f darma, see ^or. 

^ daryapti, see. rfbcrf^^. 

SFfi darsana, darsana, s. 

A vision, sight. 2. a visit, 

rfo dala, ^". Stout, strong, 

robust, thick. 
ciwse523*", ci^sjsa dalavad|j[, dala- 

vadi, ^^ rf^nsow. 

do^a daladi, s. Depth, adj. Deep. 
$e5 deep water. 

dalalu, dalali, ^^ 

dali, J^ ^>- 
dallu. j^ rfS. 

^^^ 1 dallali, dallali, s. 


A broker, agent. 2. agency, 
commission, brokerage. 
d ojj dalliya, ^. A foot-cloth. 


c$goiM dalliyuni (*), . a. To 
slap, beat. 2. to smear. >^e 
zf\ z^ooFe to smear a wall 
with mud; c/". stoTJ?6. 

davade, ^. The jaw, cheek. 

, ddrl davani, davane, s. A 
fixed term of payment. 738 





one who pays by installments. 
_ aleS a written agreement 
fixing installments. 
3f$2je3* davaneballu, s. A long 


rope to which cattle are tied 
in rows. 

davati, s. An inkstand; 
also 0^3. 

davana,.?. A kind of fragrant 

davaru, * The flapping 
selvedge of a garment. $P 
<so3 hemming the selvedge 
of a garment. 

davaru, 0^'. Loose. -**< 
loose breeches. 
?o davasa, ^. Produce of the 
field; corn, grain in general, 
davali, s. A peon's belt, 
davudu, $. Expedition; 
march, speed. 2. a gallop, 
davude, see -33&. 
davuti, see =JrfS. 

davurangi, ^. A loose 
jacket, long coat. 

davuru, ^^ cftteo. 
i dasa, ?w. Ten. ^> tenth. 
^ ten kinds or sorts. 

dasami, J. The tenth day 
of the lunar fortnight. 

dasamukhe, s, Ruvuna 
the ten-faced giant. 

dasamula, s. A medi- 
cine composed of ten ingredi- 

p dasarathe, s. The father 
of R~un:i. 

dasanga, ^. A composition 
of ten fragrant substances, 
used as perfumery. 

dasamsa, s. The tenth 
part, tithe. 

uds'sd dasavatara, s. The 
ten incarnations of Vishnu. 
c?u a dramatic performance 
exhibiting puranic episodes. 
> dase, .v. Condition, fortune, 
luck, influence of the planets; 
cf. 23. 

cjroojoo?) dasevuni, da- 
siyuni (^ ^^), v. a. To tread 
down, press in. 

dashtiyuni ( ri ^), v* a. 
To clean, as a slate. 
^i dasa, Jtv " t ^- 

dasabasa, ^f eo^^xi. 

dasari, ^. A kind of striped 
linen cloth worn by Brahmin 
females when cooking or du- 
ring meals. 2. see ^^j- 

dasare, ^ **) 

dasalu, ^^ aoste^. 
^ dasi, ^. A painted palmyra 

?3 dase, w <&?, ^. 
^SJS?.* dasemmu, .Y. A kind of 

^,3* daskatu, 5-. A signature. 
_TO^OS), tiotfo^ to sign. 
s^ dastu, J. A parole. 
< dasta, s. A quire of paper. 
2. a pack of cards. 
^^ dastaku, s. A passport, 
permit. 2. a summons. 




^0 dasturi, .?. Custom, usage. 

2. likeness, similarity. 3. 
a signature. 4. fees, duty. fe3 
^< postage 

^ v^2, droJS^Zo dasteivaji, da- 
stoji, s. A legal paper, 
voucher, document, exhibit. 
o dasya, see oari^. 
3 JP dasyu, ^. A demon. 2. an 
enemy. 3. a barbarian. 
^, d?^ dasra, dasre, ^. A popu- 
lar festival observed in 
honour of Durga for the first 
nine days of the lunar month 
^ dasri, see zte&. 


N dahana, s. Fire. 2. burn- 
ing, especially of a corpse. 

3. digestion. 20<s a burnt 

dahipuni (-3), 7 1 . a. To 
burn, consume. 
^ dala, s. An army. 2. bottom. 

3. the shore of a river, etc. 

4. the petal of a flower. 5. a 
fragment, adj. Thick, stout, 
robust; cf. siA- ^JSQ^S to 
foam, bubble up. rf^ e?4o7l> 
rf^ a-^sTiO it must be thick 
and stout. 

6 dalanku, see As^cF. 

dalanke, adj. Large. 2. 
loose. tree? a loose bracelet 
0r bangle. 

^20^ dalabala, adj. Thin, clear, 
lucid. 2. loose. 
^53)d dalavada, ^. Artizan's 

tools. 2. an assembly of 
people. 3. an army. 

srac&j dalavayi, s. The general 
of an army. 

dalasari, ^. Strength, thick- 
ness, robustness. 

dali, s. A line of reepers or 
splits of bamboos. 2. wooden 
or iron railings; cf. c5&. ^ E^J 
^S a travellers' inn. ^uo.s 


to erect a frame work of 

daliya, J. A mode of puri- 
fying clothes on account of 
pollution from birth or death 
of a relative; also era^,- 

dalena, adj. Torpid, in- 
active, as the stomach. 

dalmena, see d^- 
rs dakshina, s. South, adj. 



j^ dakshinayana, s. The 
sun's course south of the 

dakshe, s. A son of Brahma. 
) da, intg. pron. What? 
which ? cf. SB. crofS what ? cs 
oSjK why? croera anything. 
intj. A sound for calling 

dantuni (crocS), v. a. To 
cross, ford, pass by; also 

Do^ dandi, s. A stone-mark on 
the seashore. 

c&ri dandige, s. A strong, 
stalwart man. 





dandimara, see 


dinti, w^ r . />ar/. What is 
not; destitute; less. &3 
uninhabited. $v fruitless. 
ax>s senseless, imprudent. 
a man without 


during my absence. 

dante, neg.ger. Without, 
except, not being. ^?a^- 
without fear, fearlessly. 

danna, intg. pron. 
Whether. 2. I know not what. 
efcfo ^j^.^3 I doubt whether 
he will do or not. 4 &3~ 
^t I doubt (<)r I cannot say) 
whether it will happen or not. 
dc^o dimpatya, ^. Married 

daku, ^ 
dakina, see 

^)3 s dakhalu, dakhi- 
lu, ^. Arrival. 2. entry in a 
book <?r register. e?L^ to 
arrive; to be registered or 
put on record, as a petition, 
etc. sks^a to make an 
entry; to file, register; to 

o, c3e)i3 dakhale, dakhle, s. 


Demonstration, proof, docu- 
mentary evidence. 3&lrz> 
to give proof. 

dagu, J. A scar. 2. dis- 
grace, infamy. 

dagaduji, s. Repairs. 
to repair. 

dagayi, ^. The left hand. 
dadi, s. The beard. 
dadi, s. Harm, risk. 
^) daduni, see ^?li$. 
D^ dade, 5. A tusk, fang. 
3* datu, see 5^0. 

datari, 5. Protection, 
support. 2. -$ os^. 

7^ datike, datige, J. 
A strong, courageous man. 
2. a thriving, prosperous 

datu, see 

datrutva, s. Liberality r 

)i date, ^. A generous c>r 
liberal man. 

S ditvari, 
Which, what? 

dana, J. A gift, donation. 
_^lrfor liberality, charity. * 
&) a deed of gift. -tSjsrf gifts 
and honours. 2?^ generous, 
liberal. _^ir, -rfotf^a to 
bestow alms. 

danave, 5. A demon, 

dani, sec ODN. 

dani, s. \ giver, donor. 
2. an elephant. 

:, danuni, -///. r. What is 
to be done? ra>oz$ what are 
you doing? 




dane, intg. pron. What? 
eo^ what did you come for? 
o^ danendyinda, <?/. (/?'/. 
If you say what), namely, 
thus, as follows, be.cause, for. 
dapu, see &s^. 

dabaniballu, see c& 

dabali, ^. A kind of white 

dabu, s. A child's girdle, 
a silver belt. 

dabudi, ^. A joint-piece. 

dabe, <$. A pigeon-loft. 2- 
bodily care. 





s 6 damas?, J 
damadi, ^ 

damliayi, J. Pro- 
portion, apportionment. 
eOOrJ* damisu, a^;". Useless, 
worthless. 2. worn out. 
s>;3J5c36 damodare, s. A name 
of Krishna. 

i>o3o daya, ^. Heritage, inheri- 
tance. 2. a gift, present from 

^ dayake, s. A giver, donor. 
dayana, s. Illusion. 

3)a dayadye, daya- 
di, s. A kinsman, relation, 
23iD o3o daye, (-3 -" 

daye, dayegu, 
m/^-. pron. Why, for what 

era o3 j rl o C3*o^ dayegandunda, c<?/. 
(/?V. Why, if you say) Where- 
fore, because. 
daru, J^ rai5. 

rfJ3 do daruduru, ^^ na-rforfjs-do. 
dara, j 1 . A thread, string. 
2. a wife. surfoa to stitch. 
sdorf daranda, J. A door frame. 
-38, a lintel. 


dr^ darag-e, J. The second of 
the female twin demons; cf. 

darane, ^. Price, value, 
charge ; cf. ztt. 2. see ovd&. 
daraya, s. A star. 2. see 

n? dari, s. Road, way, path. 

era do do do daruduru, s. A false 
accusation; slander. 
dare, .?&? ^3- 

dare, -4 personal affix 
denoting an office bearer, 
holder, etc.; as, 

d darepire, s. The fruit 
of Cucumis acutangula, a 
variety of fcetf. 
)63^)^ darepuli, J. The caram- 
bola fruit, Averrhoa caram- 

c! daremane, ^. A seat 
occupied by bride and bride- 
groom during the marriage 




darekalli, s. A kind of 
striped milk-hedge, Euphor- 
bia antiquorum. 

darne, see cre3?3. 
srcr darbadu, see ^srorS. 

dalacini, see crog^. 
dala, s. Anything; cf. era. 

i , os3? there is nothing. 

Cu OS 

dalali, .v#? r^e. 
, C3e))o3daliinba, dalimbi, 

dalijji, see under 

330 dalcini, s. Cinnamon. 


tftf c^,s. 2. 


davati, ^. Grief, sorrow, 
distress, suffering. 2. weari- 
ness, fatigue. 

davali, j^ 03209. 
davu, ^. Glare, lustre, heat, 

^ dave, s. A suit, claim ; com- 
plaint. 2. enmity, spite. C3"5 
a complainant. zktfo^a to 
claim; to complain. 

dasatva, s. Slavery, bond- 
age, servitude. 

dasana, s. The shoe-flower 
plant, Hibiscus rosa sinensis ; 
also 03^39. 

dasapanti, ^. A kind of 
grass, used as a blister. 
dasaya, see 

> dasaye, dasayye, 
s. A Visluiuite incn.'licant. 

sA) dasi, J. A female slave, 
maid servant. 

e!^^ dasina, s. The colouring 
of the teeth. 2. a kind of 
grass. 3. .fttf :roro3. 
s)?3 dase, s, A slave, servant. 
2. a mendicant; <;/". csr. 
ij dasemi, ^. Mustard. 

eirj^^'dastana, dastanu, 
s. A store, storing. a?b> to 
store. ^otfo^s to collect, 
make ready. 

ro*o4 dasyatva, w cro^s^. 

Z3D3o daha, J. Burning. 2. thirst, 

ardent desire. S?^r^ to 
quench thirst. 

C33$ dali, ^. Marauding, plunder, 
sacking. [ na t e . 

dalimba, s. The poraegra- 
CTS^- r?o dakshina, dakshi- 

" ^\ -0 

nya, ^. Regard, respect, con- 
siderateness. 2. partiality, 
ziooso regard of person, 
di, A feminine affix of nouns; 
as, &^ a youth; &(df3a, a 
zSoQ a maiden. odoai^raN a 
master ; aka^ja?2n a mistress. 
orlorfjJ), aorto^ dinguduni, 
dinguni, J^ o)cXoo). 
ti dirija, ^. Plenty, abundance. 
adj. Full, complete, replete. 
2. much. 3. violent, severe. 
adv. Very, often. a plenty 
of people. 13?3 severe pain. 
33r often, many times. 

^j dinjavuni, . v. (^/ac&o 
S>) To causi- to fill, load, heap. 




=ij> dirijuni (ao), t\ . To be 
filled, full, replete, v. a. To 
fill. acsL- /#. to fill the 
belly ; to earn one's livelihood ; 
to be pleased. 

oz9* dinjelu, s. Fullness. 2. 

dindu, s. The festival of 
illumination, when the idol of 
a temple is carried in pro- 
cession. ^w^s to decorate; 
to prepare for an illumina- 

dindu, adj. Strong, stout. 
2. rash. 3, .y^ aczsatS^. 
33^ crook a tyrant, bully. 
ces* dindu, J. The tender stalk 
inside a plantain tree, 
cddinda, adj. Proud, mischiev- 
ous, impudent; cf. aoz. 

dindatige, s. Mischief, 
impudence. 2. stupidity. 
ou^j dindu, see aoS. 
d dinde, ^. A strong, stout 
man ; a mischievous fellow. 
3s3 a large cocoanut tree, 
dinna, see 

Soari dindige, see 

Qo$ dinne, J. A hillock, eminence. 
^ hill and dale, ups and 

dimma, ^. The sound of a 
small finger-drum. 
ooF3 dimmane, ^. Quickly, 

dimmaku, j^ a^ja^. 

j dimme, s. A wedge ; a 
stopple, plug. 

dimmskayi, see Xo 

a &. dikku, ^. Direction, side, 


region or quarter of the 
world. 2. refuge, shelter, 
protection. cro<5 four points 
of the compass. nsoS des- 
titute, helpless. ascSpscSo 
a destitute man, an orphan. 
without protection. 
giddiness, confusion ; 
roaming, wandering. 3^$ 
to miss the direction. 
dikka, aafo. Quickly, speedily. 


03j)^) dikkaripuni (a^a), w.a. 
To despise, condemn, censure, 
reproach. 2. to disdain, re- 

S* dikkalu, see at?ja a <s*o. 

dikkapalu, s. Disper- 


sion, dissipation, ruin. 

to be dispersed, dissi- 
pated, ruined. 

dikkamalli, ^. A kind 

of resin tree, Gardenia lucida. 

JJ dikkara, s. Disrespect, in- 
suit, contempt ; disdainment, 

^ dikki, see &\ 

rf dikkijjyande, 5?^ o^ 

under o^. 
a^> dikke, .J. A Pariah. 


a ^,, a=5y3 s dikke, dikkelu, j 1 . A 

o" o 

hearth, fireplace. d S^ the 
front of a hearth. a^rfcX6 
the hearth-place. 

, dikko 




. A Pariah woman. 
.3 dikpalake, s. The guar- 

t ^ 

dian of one of the eight points 
of the compass. 

diguru, s. Disregard, in- 
difference. 2. resentment. 
adj. Adverse, contrary. sro 
33. _7i3t>> an adverse state- 
ment or reply. -rfotfo^ to 
resent; to disregard. 

diganta, s. The horizon. 

digantara, s. A foreign 

o>~d digambara, adj. Naked, 
uncovered. aXo>c-3 a nude 
man; a recluse, anchorite. 
\s 5 digilu, .y. Fear, alarm. 2. 

dig-gaja, s. One of the 
fabulous elephants support- 
ing the globe. 

a rt^$Z digbandhana, s. A general 

charm to keep off all evils. 

art s3o digbhrama, s. Unsteadi- 

a?Te) Jr digvarte, ^. News from 

different directions. 
aAtiOJo digvijaya, ^. Universal 

aU dita, w -^. 
a&J. ditta, ^//'. Confident, bold. 

*5i boldness. 

a!^ ditti, see *frs [man. 

afe3. ditte, s. A bold, or clever 


azs^o^j didumbu, /z^/'. Corpulent, 
did^mbery, ^. A deified 

bull, an ox belonging to a 
Siva temple. 2. Siva's steed. 
acs 9 "^ diduka, see art. 
33* 533 didudida, #</:'. Quickly. 

didumena, see 33^3. 
dida, J^c -^. 
didika, see a^. 
^j didumbu, s. A big drum. 

didumberu, see a5ot35. 

l didka, ^. Immediately, 


quickly; suddenly. 

diddu,5-. An elevated ground, 
a mound. 2. rancidity. 

ad didde, see 




didamme, didappe, 
), Sin, under 

dinusu, J. Likeness. 2. 
kind, sort. 

a^;=73Ci dinusara, J. Different 

kinds or sorts, as of goods, etc. 

a^ dina, J. A day. ~=^$ daily 

routine. *.? daily wages. 

^ daily. tst>, _ss& a 

diary, day-book, chronicle. 

_e3odoF daily conduct. ajSjs 

3^ daily. ^^^ the length 

of a day, a day in general : 

the times. sc^r passing time. 

^si^sJ- the present time. 

^^s> to spend time, to live. 

a^o^j dinamprati, adv. Daily, 

ry day. 

dinasu, se 



a 5373 dipa 

, s. A certain 


aj3e>?3e> dinala, dfr. Daily. 

aursdibbana, J. A bridal party, 
a marriage procession. ro 
tfotfo, awr3^5 persons belong- 
ing to a marriage party. 
dibralu, see 

dimaku, s. Haughtiness, 
arrogance, pride, disdain. 

dimiti, j. A kind of stout, 
white cotton cloth, ribbed or 
figured ; dimity. 

dimidimi, s. Agility, 
dancing nimbly. 

, ad, diyya, dirra, adv. Sud- 
denly, at once; cf. a^. 
dity, . The mind, heart. 
a^Jo diva, divasa, ^'<? a. 
^d divakare, j 1 . The sun. 

&S3e)^ divanu, divane, s. 
The minister or secretary of a 
native state. 2. an idiot, fool. 
^ divaratre, s. Day and 
night, rtdfr. By day and night. 
rad^Sors divarohana, s. As- 

D divali, s. Bankruptcy. 
2. see Q?SJS^. Sj^-8 a bank- 
rupt; a spendthrift. ?&$, 
o^s to become insolvent. 
divi, J. Heaven, the sky. 
li diviti, ^^ aefeS*. 

S L ^ o d dividivimara, -s.The di- 
vidivi tree, CcBsalpina coriara. 

^ divya, adj. Divine, celestial. 
2. beautiful, agreeable, excel- 
lent, supernatural. _Xor 
excellent disposition. 3sa ?i 


divine knowledge. &>&&- the 
Divine Being, God. "disk a 
rare gem. -^quicksilver; 
also 3jt>!^d^j. 3.^e^ heaven. 
-rf^an excellent substance; 
a holy being. 

disantara, see 
ij3 disatane, ^ 

ise, s. Direction, side, space, 
region ; cf. o^, d. 

dishta, 5-. Fate, destiny, 

dishti, j 1 ^ rf^^. _7&rf glass 
beads put on the neck of 
an infant to ward off the 
effect of evil eyes. 
a?3dise,.y. Fortune, luck, -otfo^ 
to be lucky, obzf _ good luck. 
sja^- bad luck. 
dltige, see eSefeS*. 

dlna, ^'. Poor, indigent, 
needy, 2. modest, humble, 

dine, s. A poor or weak 
man. 2. an humble man. 
3J dipa, J. A lamp; a light. 
332 3 lighting lamps in a 
temple as an act of devo- 
sjfj dipana, ^. Hunger. 

a?53)^^dipali, dlpavali, 
'/. A row of lights), a 




festival with nocturnal illu- 
minations in honour of a 

33 j>4 dlpavuni, c.i<. (of De^s) 
To cause to place, keep, put, 

jS3s)S^>r3o) dlpavonuni, reft. v. 
(of O?STO;$O>) To keep, ^. for 
one's self. 2. to keep a con- 
cubine, rig. 
|i^ dlpike, see a?zJ. 
j^ dipti, .?. Light, lustre. 2. 
fire. 3. a lamp kept burning 
near an .idol. 

;ji dlpini (a?), v. a. To place, 
keep, put, reserve, lay by. 

j diya, see oofcg. 

dire, J Setf- 

dlrgha, adj. Long. .y. The 
long form of a vowel, the 
letter ?. -w cdoo^ a long life. 
_ C$F a prophet, seer. tforfo^ 
death. i^cB long suffering, 

!^e)F53 dlrsale, s. A superior 
kind of rice. 

divati, se 

dlvali, set 

:^ divi, divu, s. An island. 
_d AJ^ the bread fruit, Arto- 
carpus incisa. 

dikshanta, s. The fulfil- 
ment of a vow or austerities. 

dikshe, s. The initiatory 
crivmony of a sacrifice, etc. 
2. a vow, resolve to accom- 
plish anything. 3. under- 

taking a service, austerities, 
etc. ^^a to take a vow; 
to undertake any pious work. 

dunkuni, see &sctfo$. 
dunci, s. Shag, nap, as of 
a cloth. -^u^s to hem a 
garment. -05o,$ to become 
woolly or shaggy. 
oosa duncelu, adj. Shaggy, 
woolly, as a cloth. 
cct) dundu, adj. Round, globu- 
lar, -eotf a kind of bracelet 
worn by females. ik * 


a kind of round jasmine, 

Jasniinion sainbac. 
dunde, see dc^. 

dunna, s. Heaviness, adj. 

oodo dundu, adj. Prodigal, 
wasteful. TTO&^, g?; prodi- 
gality, waste. T\S$ a prodi- 
gal, squanderer. 
ocktp dundubhi, s. The fifty- 
sixth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 2. a kettle-drum, 
dunna, sec nsoore. 

dunnorici, J. A kind 
of earring. 

dumpiyuni (^cL), 
:. w. To stumble. 
d>o^n s dumbagu, <7</r. In future, 
next year ; cf. rfoceoo. rfi rs t. 
dumbatta, </;'. Fir 

dumbinani, W:\ The 
day before, previous day. 
o&o dumbu, s. Front. 2. past 
time. 3. futurity, adr. In 




front. 2. early, beforehand. 

3. at first, in the beginning. 

4. formerly. 5. in future, 
hereafter; alsot&ztt'R. ~ crooSo 
the first man, firstborn. ^p? 
$ to go in advance. &d3i 
before and behind, front and 

rear - [sorrow. 

dummana, s. Grief, 

dumyi, s. The sound of 
a mosquito. 

, doo?o du'insa, duifisa, see 

do 8 duh, -?,? &5. 

dossu duhkha, .s. Sorrow, grief, 
affliction. &sbr$ to afflict, 
grieve, tease. si>^$> to 
mourn, lament. 

dJ8jOo3oo) duhkhiyuni (rfoia)), 
?'. . To mourn, lament. riossD 
cfcsa)5 esbrs to sob, weep 

dossteo^ duhsakuna, s. A bad 

dukanu, ^. A shop. 

dukka, Wz-. Suddenly, at 
once, quickly; cf. a^. 83^ 
s> to get up at once. 

SJ dukkha, ^eY cbsso. 

ulorlcl, rfjA^rs dugane, dugga- 

ni. s. Two pie. 
Cos! dutta, ^^ C^M.. 

50 M 

dudi, ^. The lip. 
^, do a J dudita, dudite, s. 
Gain, acquisition. 2. proper- 


pini ( rfj ^), ^. . To acquire, 
gain, earn, obtain. 

dudumbuni (rfo^oo^S), 
. a. To drive. 

o^o^^ duduku, du- 
dukutana, s. Hurry, rashness. 
2. violence, injustice. 3. pride, 

do^j^i dudukuni (z^Tli^), v. n, 
To be rash or hasty. 2. to 
be violent, haughty, v, a. To 

duduta, see ck&3. 
duddata, J. The game of 

duddase, s. Covetousness. 
duddu, s. A copper coin 
worth four pie. 2. copper 
coin in general. 3. money, 

cash. ?3_, A&3_ a thick 


copper coin that was current 

in former days. 
jr>s3)> dunipuni (^>^), v. n, 

To struggle, strive. 2. to 

flutter, flap the wings in agi- 

tation, as a bird. 3. to bustle, 

be in a hurry. 
orlisS^ dunipelu, adj. Strug- 

gling, striving, fluttering. 2. 

orls5?3 dunipele, s. A bustler, 


ra dunna, see 

duttu, see 
doS, duppa, adv. Suddenly; 



do 3^13, do^eo duppati, duppate, 
s. A laced (?/ other cloth 




loosely thrown over the body. 

2. a sheet, tablecloth. 

duppe, see ^o^. 

dubaralu, see zbz^S. 

'" dubalaku, adj. Twice 
distilled; double. 
::o dubiri, adj. Double. 2. 
needless, useless. ^sJr 
double or needless expense. 

3. see cos^)j>. 

CD~; dubasi, s. An interpreter. 
2. a broker, agent, etc. 

dubralu, 5-. Twice dis- 
tilled arrack. 

jj5o dumukuni (rta&OTF), 
#. a. To jump down ; to alight 

dumusu .sw Xo^5oo?jj. 
duyamu, ^'. Second- 
ary, subordinate. 2. middling, 

dur, dus, Prefixes 
denoting Bad, ill. wicked. 
2. difficult. 3. inferior, vile, 
durangi, ^'. Differently 
coloured on both sides, as 
some cloths. 

orf durabhyasa, ^. A bad 
habit or practice. 
duraya, see rfj^g. 

duracara, s. A bad 
custom or usage. 2. wicked 

duritme, s. An evil spirit. 
2. a wicked man. 
Oe>dJ2S?2 duralocane, ^f. Wick- 
ed thoughts. 

durase, 5 1 . Covetousness. 

2. a vain 6/- forlorn hope, 
unattainable desire. 

durita, s. Sin, transgres- 

duruji, src Xo35r. 
duruda, sec &fi- 
Coii durubi, ^7<//'. Inebriating. 
2. surfeiting. _^rf inebria- 
tion; surfeit. 

durubini, see 
durublja, ^ 
durusu, J<? 

durustu, s. Repairs, im- 
provement, adj. Proper, well, 
right, -^os^fc to repair, mend, 
put in order, 
djdo^durula, adj. Wicked. 3d 

dodj? durule, s. A wicked man. 

d->rtr durga, s. A castle, hill-fort. 

2. see rfj?\r. 
doriroqi durgandha, ^. A stench, 

fetid smell. 

dorlrU, dos^rij durgata, dur- 
ghata, adj. Difficult of attain- 
ment, insurmountable, w 
ok" an object difficult to ac- 

dorlr^durgati, s. A bad destiny, 
misery. 2. hell. 

dorrar^ofc durgalaya, s. A temple 
of Durgi. 

dJhrdurgi, s. A name of Farvati. 
2. the name of a female. 

dortorre durguna, s. A bad dis- 
position or temper, corrupt 
nature, adj. Ill-natured. 




durge, sec 

durci, s. A sheet of paper. 
2. see disaSr. 

rjana, ^. Wicked people. 

durjati, s. A disreput- 
able caste. 

CtaZoF durji, see Xos2r. 2. 
durjilu, sec 

$ durdase, s. Misfortune, 

r$FdJ durnadate, s. Bad con- 

durnudi, ^. A bad word. 
durbala, ^. Weakness, 
impotency. adj. Weak, im- 
potent; helpless. 

durbini, s. A telescope. 
durblja, s. lit. A bad 
seed. adj. Of bad family, of 
disreputable descent. 

20jr> durbuddhi, s. A wicked 

mind, bad disposition. 2. folly, 

want of sense. 

)23j3^Fqj^ durbodhane, s. Bad 


durbhikshe, s. Scarcity, 

cks3oF>3 durmati, s. The fifty-fifth 

year of the Hindu cycle of 

sixty. 2. an evil mind. 
do^oF^s* durmanasu, s. A bad 

dodoFdrs durmarana, s. An un- 

timely death, death by acci- 

riosiraFrfF durmarga, s. Wicked- 

ness, vice. 

dj DOF! durmitre, ^. A bad friend. 


dorfjoFSJ durmukha, s. An angry 


dosjJOF) durmukhi, s. The thir- 
tieth year in the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 
ci)o3j3^FCjc3 duryodane, s. The 

elder of the Kuru princes. 
rfot>Fcfj durlabha, adj. Difficult' 
of attainment, scarce, rare, 
durvarte, s. Bad news, 
durvasane, s. A stink, 

durvyaya, see rfo^roso. 

durvyasana, s. A bad 
habit, evil practice. 

durvraya, s. A useless 
expense, squandering, waste, 
dursu, s. Rockets; also 
sror. 2. see rfo'rforfo . 200 
to fire rockets. 

dullodi, s. A kind of 

dusmane, s. An enemy, 

opponent. <io^oi^ enmity, 

4^ dusslla, ^. A bad dispo- 
sition or practice. 

dushkarma, s. An evil 
deed, crime, sin. rfos^aor a 
wicked man. 

^ dushkale, s. A great thief. 
^ dushkala, J. An evil 


time. 2. famine, scarcity. 

, dushklrti, ^. Infamy, 
bad name. 







dushta, adj. Bad, wicked, 
depraved. 2. low, vile. Xore, 
2^ a bad disposition. & 
wickedness, depravity. 200 
a an evil inind; a minister 
so called. ^^Xr wicked 

conduct. ^X a wild beast, 
mischievous animal. 

dushte, s. A wicked or bad 

j^o dustara, adj. Difficult, 
trying, hard. 

_ dustale, s. An unhappy 
man ; a bad man. 

dustu, s. A suit of clothes. 

So^spDd dusvabhava, s. An evil 
disposition, ill-nature. 

fcrf ort dussanga, s. Bad compa- 
ny or intercourse; evil com- 

U)ceJ dunta, see Xjsow. 

IfSc:! dunde, see djsofi. 

iJSoto, c5j3o233 ff dumbe, dumbelu, 
see slaoeoo. 

duji, s. A needle, pin. 
^, a magnet. ^5otf the 
tinian pine. 

duduni, see N^^OS*. 

duti, s. A pimp, procuress. 
2. a female messenger. 

dute, s. A messenger, spy. 
an angel. osor5o the 
messenger of death. 

CJJSCjJ dudu, ^6' 3ijs2S. 2. J^fc' ^A'rfj. 

CjJSw, c3je)jc^ dupa, dupana, ^^ 

dupe, s. Food laid out for 

the dead; a mound marking 
the burial place of a Sudra. 
2. a temporary shed, covered 
with awnings, for offering 
oblations to the manes of 
deceased Sudra. 3z-J> a 
field in which such a mound 
or shed has been raised. rf 
o;& oblations of boiled rice 


offered to the manes of a 
deceased Sudra. K 
prepare such food. 
to serve such food; to serve 
a person with a large quanti- 
ty of food. 

dubina, s. A comb. 

dura, s. Distance, adj. 
Distant, remote. ^T3jsXo_ 
very far. crooSo a low-caste 
man; a man come from a 
distance. os$" a female in 
her menses; a low-caste wo- 
man. ^)^ foresight ; long- 
sighted. -dreXr, risa a long 
way. -trocgoa to stand at a 
distance, ^ets to go far, 
move further. -"os> to 

be deferred, delayed. 
a to separate ; to shun. 
5Qe)U durata, s. Aspersing, 
calumniating ; complaining. 

duru, s. Aspersion, blame, 
reproach. 2- a complaint. 
_ if^co to complain, 
to accuse, blame, 

3dOie>oi> durunaye, J. An ac- 
cuser, censurer, complainant. 




duruni (:&>&), v. a. To 
accuse, complain ; to blame, 
reproach, censure. 

3 diirele, see ziatfocracSo. 

durtatana, s. Crafti- 
3sF durte, s. A deceiver. 

dushake, s. A blasphem- 

dushane, s. Cursing. 2. 
censure, reproach. <& blas- 

5&35)) dushipuni (siaiU), v. a. 
To blaspheme. 2. to blame, 
censure, reproach. 

dusu, s. Fine powder; 

dusuni (rf^co), #. a. To 
spill, sprinkle. 

ja^o* duselu, s. Powder, dust. 
adj. Powdered, dusty. 

duli, see ^tfo. 2. a dis- 
picable person. 3. a high num- 
ber. ts, 35z unreliable. 
o dulu, J^ ^^o- 

1=0* druku, s. The eye. 2. sight, 

drudha, J. Firmness, sta- 
bility. 2. certainty. 0<//'. Firm, 
stable. -3^ firmness; truth- 
fulness. do^s> to affirm, 
declare; to fix, make certain. 
drudhlkarana, s. Con- 

l3l dr^shta, adj. Visible, appa- 


drushtanta, s. An ex- 

ample, illustration, evidence. 

^jsLrs to exemplify, illus- 


&. drushti, J. Sight, seeing. 

2. an eye. 

dengu, J. A hiding place. 
> dengavuni, c. v. (of So 
To cause to be hidden, 

concealed; hide, conceal. 

denguni (t3oF\) t 7>. n. To 

be hidden, concealed, lie in 


7^3 dengele, s. One who hides, 

a refugee. 

denji, s. A crab. aro^ an 

abscess between the thumb 

and the forefinger. 

_ 5 are 

some of the species of crab. 
> denjeli, s. A kind of um- 
brella made of palm leaves. 
dentu, see 
dennana, see 
dembu, see 
s dembelu, j^ 
^.eJ^ dekkattuni 
To shuiSe, or move in a slo- 
venly manner, as a person in 
a tight dress or when the foot 
is entangled in anything. 
, vBj, dekkatti, ^. A kind of nut- 
cracker used for cutting the 
areca-nut into pieces. 
,oSo dekkayi, s. The betrothal 


badge. ^B^S to put the same 
on the person of a bride. 






17 tr "O" 

dekkaru, dekkaru, J. The space 
between the legs, when they 
are apart. adv. Between 
the legs. 
~r~ :c dekkaji, .r. A kind of 



dekkane, adi'. Tightly. 

dekkavuni, c. i\ (of ~ 
To cause to wash. 
Tq\dekki, s. Space, room, place. 


^o, $ dekkuni (-^_), ''. a. To wash 
(anything except clothes), 
lave, cleanse. 

dekkulu, see d^jro^otfj. 

dekkuli, .?. Irregular 
teeth, projecting teeth. 

T.T^ dekke, s. 


leppavuni, c. r 1 . (pf&^$) 
To cause to take. 
d^ deppu, sec 2. see 


d^^< deppuni (-), i'. a. To take, 

1*ppplVA* /"/" 7?7i i ^S F\ " \ 

X C^Cl > v/ C*/ * ^v f. w- i> t^ oJv 

^1)^ to abolish, take away, put 
aside ; to pull out ; to remove, 

debbe, s-:e ^sl. 


3. 'see & 

~i deyiva, see 3. 
r. ; : - ;'. - derangayi, ^^ 

d^r^i derpuni (-^J- f. . To 
lift, raise. 

devva, ^. A demon, evil 
*j . . 

lase, dese, s. Condition, 
state. 2. fortune, luck. 

deseddu, post p. From, by, 

/ / 

on account of, for. 

deki, ^. Nicety. 2. manage- 
ment or foresight, a.ij. Nice, 

d?n* degu, 5tv cr 
defc deja, J^ *?. 

debe, s. A quarrelsome 

U derata, ^. Driving. 

> deruni (-e5). r 1 . <?. To 
drive, drive away. 
s; dela, ^. A small temple. 
2. God. -AOCT^ the idol's 
apartment in a temple. 

a man 

bereft of his child blasphemes 
against God. 
^s:|JSeJo. delantottu, ft 
Brahmin's house. 
^)cd33)d, d?y3jri delandapuda, 
delapuda, s. A temple pigeon, 
deva sec fe^c. 2. the male 

. 1 devanda, adj. Pertaining 
to temples. a small 

kind of tiles. 

d?53& devaki, s. Krishna's 

r? devagana, s. The race 
of gods. 

deste^. rl- :3ri devadike, de- 
vadige, s. One of the caste of 

- devatarcane, s. V 
ship of a god. 




devate, s. A demi-god. 
devatva, ^. Divinity; 


derfd^ devadatta, adj. Given 

by God. 
destocf, d?rfc3e>6devadaru, de- 

vadare, s. A cedar. 
z3 ?rf cites devadute, s. An angel. 
derfdj^eso devadroha, s. Aposta- 

cy, heresy. 

derfc^rfo devanama, s. The 
name of God, [phemy. 

devaninde, s. Blas- 
devapuje, s. Adoration 
of God, divine worship. 
erf3l3^ devapratishthe, s. The 
consecration of an idol. 
erfsrad devabare, s. A superior 
kind of plantains. [votion. 
zji^ devabhakti, s. Piety, de- 
devabhakte, s. A pious 
man, a devotee. 
ts3si>oC3i>d devamandara, s. A 
kind of flower. 

erf sfos fir devamarga, s. God's 
ways. 2. pious behaviour, 
^tfortdevaranga, ^. The centre 
of a temple. 

devaraje, s. Indra. 

devaloka, s. Heaven. 
>? devalya, see de^^odo. 


^ devasa, s. Temple-lands 
or property. 

devasamaranga, s. 
Presence; God's presence. 

8 devasamarpane, ^. 
Offering to God. 

?ja) $ devasthana, s. A temple. 
ri devanga, s. A Lingayat 
class of weavers. 2. an ape. 
crooSo one of the weaver 

sis^^ devadhma, ^. Death. 
adv. In God's disposal. e? 
&5> to die. 

S3SD5qS?3devaradliane } J. Divine 

3e>t>o&dmlaya, s. A church; 
a temple. 

devi, s. A goddess. 2. Par- 
vati. 3. a queen. -t3 the 
Sakti worship. 

3^0 deviri, devari, s. 
A Brahmin's dress. 

deveru, s. God. 2. an 
honorific title, applied to 
persons of rank, de^ soodjr 
a sacred work or undertaking. 

odj devendre, s. Indra. 

desa, s. A country, land, 
territory, district, region. ^? 
S one who has left his 
country, an exile. oXor?i 
to travel. 

sp^sS desabhashe, s. The 
language of a country. 

desabhrashta, s. Trans- 


portation, expatriation. 

desasthe, J. A native, 
inhabitant. 2. a class of 
Brahmins. [country. 

^ desantra, s. A foreign 
d^srao^desantri, s. A foreigner; 
a traveller. 




c33e>23e>ddesacara, s. The custom 

of a country, local usage. 
cS^SeJ&JfS desatana, s. Travels ; 

z3?Se>$5e>o, cS?3i!^3J3 desadhi- 

kari, desadhipati, s. A sovereign 

d^SDOSo desayi, s. A chief man 

among the Lingayats. 
desresSd, c3e3s>533d desavara, de- 

savara, adj. Foreign, exotic. 

s. A present, gift, alms. 
z3?3 dese, see cS. 

desya, #<//. Local, of or 

belonging to a country, -ejro^, 

deha, J. The body. 
corporal punishment, pe- 
nance, mortification. 

dehi, adj. Having a body, 
dei, s. A plant, young tree. 

deindi. s. The name of a 
tree. 2. a staff, stick. 

deinde. J^ oocS. 

deinde, ^^ 3c$>X. 
dj- deitya, deitye, s. A 

titan, demon, giant. 
a giant's deed ; . a wicked act. 
tf, c5i?ip deina, deinya, s. Mean- 
ness, humility, servility. 2. 
poverty, adj. Mean, humble, 
lowly. 2. cringing, servile. 

humble disposition. 
deipuni, sec =~3S. 
deiya, ja- ~^. nuri^ a 
gift or offering to demons. 

^ treasure devoted to a 

Oioo^di deiyankade, c/z'. To- 
wards god or a demon, s. An 
inclosure of an idol. 2. the 
name of a village. 

deiyare, ^. The name of 
a demon. 

SiCi.r, ddo deirya, ^<? ^(o^or. 
ei w *j 

)d deiva, J. A deity; God. 2. 
an evil spirit, a demon. 3. 
destiny, fate. adj. Divine, ce- 
lestial. ^ygg 3c^ a divine 
act. -^3, -riotf^ divine 
origin, God's will. 3^3 
ordained by God. XS, odoa^, 

oSjseX fate, God's decree. 

Xor divine nature. ^oWi5, 

rio^oUfS God's help. eoa 
divine strength. 3ooso the 
face of God ; divine grace. 
sjsp^ deivadhlna, adj. Sub- 
ject to God's will. s. Fate, 
God's decree; death. 

deivlka, adj. Divine. 
deisuni, see >s. 2. see 

donka, see B-ao^. 
donka, a^/'. Tall. - 
to grow tall. 

donkavuni, '. r-. (t>/ 
To cause to tread, 

donkasu, ^^ dso^. 
donkuni (^c^), ?. ^7. 
To tread, trample. six>^_ 
a Pariah woman to become 
pubescent, i'lg. 




donke, donkelu, 

donkelu, s. What has 
been trodden, adj. Trodden, 

donguni, see 

donte, see 

dondi, see 
Oo^l donde, s. The throat. 
_ 3$3)& (///. to wet the throat) 
to drink, allay thirst. 

rs donna, s. Self-confidence. 
7\z~3 a man carrying a club ; 
a self-confident man. 

3 donnappe, s. A self- 
confident or conceited man. 

donne, s. A cudgel, club, 

Qorfs^ dondappe, s. A com- 

dondi, s. A small torch 
made of a rag. 

dondu, s. A couple, pair. 

D dondepuri, see daori^B 
under &8od 

I5o^ donne, ^. A cup made of 
plantain leaves, etc. ^U^N 
to make such a cup. 
ffiosj dompa, s. Apandal, shed, 
temporary covering of matted 
palm leaves, etc. ; cf. t^tf. 2. 
a frame-work of bamboos, etc. 
erected for training a creeper. 
^ tsaiTS Cynamopsis psora- 
loides, a kind of bean. rf aiO 
the annual festival of a demon 

celebrated under a pandal. 

_rf axs-do the succulent creeper 
purslane, Basella rubra; cf. 

dompiyuni (Asob), 
t r . . To stumble. 
dJ3ozS dombi, J. A mob, rabble. 
2. a riot, uproar. T^tS a 
rioter, turbulent man. 
dJSozoo dombu, J. Sunshine, heat 
of the sun. ^osktf mirage. 
the heat to decrease. 
to expose to the 
sun. aDjs"do$ the sun to 
shine. 55^0$ the sun to 
strike. ?ix- very hot. cSriS 
the morning sun. cSofcg ,the 
evening sun. 3$ twilight. 

dombudi, J^ djaot3. 
dombe, ^. A tumbler, 
rope-dancer. trau tumbling, 
rope-dancing. ^5 aSo a 
female tumbler. 
J3o23o*, ^3J^o^2J^ dombelu, 
domboli, s. A chap, cleft in 
the surface of the earth. 
dommare, see s3jsGs3. 
domsa, see ^ori. 
3e>^J^o, dJS^-x^o dokkina- 
kulu, dokkulu, s. A mode of 
addressing high caste people 
by Pariahs. 

=CT, dokke, .y. Breath; breath- 
ing. -wJte, -^jarfo 
.^ e? L^ to revive. 
_ 3^>-do$ to cease to breathe; 
to expire. o3o^s>, sieS^S) to 




doggalu, s. Kneeling. 
OS, sojjfdoa to kneel. 
doggu, adj. Kneeling. 
_^eroo ///. saluting on one's 
knees; submission, yielding. 
rieteo cracks to submit, yield. 
dogguni (~-^), ''. n. To 

d doggoli padpe, J. 

A short kind of tbe vegetable 
Amarantus oleraccus. 2. the 

%S3 ff dojjalu, s. Uncleanli- 
ness; rubbish. 

fccj dojjuni (- e -*|,), ". To 
stammer; to hesitate. 

dojje, s. A stammerer. 

dotte. ^^ cdo4.. 


r'" dodaku, ^'. Perplexed, 
confused. 2. broken, damaged. 
dode, ^. A greedy man; 
cf. 3;a3o. 2. ^^ daezS. 3. J^ 
3o<3. _ ^^ greediness. 

dodda, adj.' Great, large. 

of! doddanne, J 1 . An elder 

i i ' ' ' ' 

doddanti, J. Birthday. 

doddanadaye, J. A 
powerful man. 

-v|c3j doddappaye, 
doddaye, s. A father's elder 

doddare, s. A kind of 

doddale, dodle. ^. 


A wild orange, Atalantiu 

2^ doddastige, s. Great- 
ness, loftiness. 2. riches, 
power. 3. ostentation, pride, 
doddu, see rkzk. 2. see 

dodde, see 3i3 . 

donelu, s. A club, 
donna, st 
dodde, s& 

donelu, see & 
doppe, s. A kind of grass. 

dobari, sec 
dobbi, see t*E2 
,o. dobbu, s. Pushing, shov- 


Q^d^j dobbuni (- s ^), "'. To 
push, shove, put off. 

doranku, see 

dorangu, see da^dK. 


randalige, dorandolige, s. Self- 
praise, egotism, elation. 

dorakavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to obtain ; 
to procure. 


& t. dat. To be got, obtained, 
procured, found. 

dorake, 5r^ &s-dt. 

doragy, ^'. Coarse, 

:^ dorastu, ^^ rfo-do?^. 

dori, <7^'. Poured, as corn, 
etc.; cf. da&odoofa. 

doripavuni, c. 7-. (^ 
To cause to flow down, 




run out, or run over as corn, 

5>c> doripuni (:&>&), v. a. 
To shoot out as corn, etc., 
from a sack or bundle. 
fcOoko^ doriyuni (3&), v. n. 
To flow down, run out, or 
run over as corn, etc., from 
a sack or bundle. 2. to 
fall, as rain, to shower. 3. to 
feel a limb heavy. 
S6 dore, see fctf. 

toFO* dorji, dorjilu, s. 
A kind of rafter. 
aiFs* dortelu, adj. Partially 
empty or loose, as a bundle 
of rice. 

So^F^i, d^F> dorpuni, dor- 
buni, see d &:$> 
3^o^o> dalankuni (cUaoiiF), 
v. a. To relax, loosen. 

dollu, adj. Useless, un- 
profitable, vain. 2. empty, 
void. 3. see zls^. 

dolle, J. Saliva, spittle, 
to cough hard. 

clo^oo^j dolanku, do- 
lunku, (//'. Loose, lax. s. 
Looseness ; also ^^00^6. 
_ tfu^a to tie loose; to 

dolunkuni (datfooF), 
?'. . To be loose, lax; be 
$ dole, see &s3. 

dolpuni, ^'^ ^<yo,^. 2. 

oJ " 


dollu, ^ 
dolle, see 

kra^ dontasij, ^. A tall 
man; c/". tSjs^oB. 

donti, j 1 . A long pole 
with a hook to pluck fruit. 

^S donte, s. Tallness, length. 
2. a tall man. adj. Tall, long. 
^5 long legs. ^ a long 

dondala, see T^seorf^^^. 

j doku, J^ $>r5o. 
doga, ^. Crawling. 

dog-uni (d?K), T-. </. To 
crawl on hands and knees or 
in a sitting posture. 2. to 
grub up grass. 
dota, $ ^?u- 
dote, see AB?o8. 
l dodane, J. Furniture, ^. 
dodiyuni (&8?&) f .. 
To arrange. 2. to collect, 
gather, provide, store; cf. rfo 

dode, s. A talkative 

doni, s. A boat. 2. a 
spirited c^ quarrelsome wo- 

done, see zSjsoi?. 

dotra, ^. A Hindu's lower 


garment, the cloth wrapped 
round the loins. ri ^cs3 the 
colored borders of such a 

dodu, adj. Thin, watery. 

2. see 




' dodelu, J. Thinness, 
dobi, .s 1 . A washerman, 
dora, J<?* sd. 
doraka, see 
dorane, .? 
?0 dori, J. A rope. 

dore, .?. A kind of gold 
bracelet. 2. the thread used 
for fastening a knife to 
the legs of a cock in cock- 

^d^oSj dorekayi, s. A ripe 

dorganda, see rfoXru. 

d>JSor(ok3 dolante, do- 
lagante, s. A drum and bell, 

doli, see <&s?. 
dolu, s. A drum. wosS 
a pot-belly. d ^ the hollow 
cylinder or hemisphere of a 

dole, s. A man with a pot- 

U)??o dosha, dosa, s. 
Fault, defect, blemish. 2. sin, 
offence, crime. 3. error, mis- 
take. ^So^ a man of unble- 
mished character. 

dose, s. A cake of rice 

?o dosti, -J. Friendship, inti- 
macy. 2. a friend. 

dola, ^. Desire. 2. the 
lin plant, 
doli, w 

dolki, J. A small drum. 


dou'.nsa, see ^cx. 
doudu, J. A gallop. 2. a 
quick motion. 3. arrogance. 
4. speed, haste. cfazrocfsa 
great haste. 

doude, ^. The jaw, cheek. 
^jebrs) to slap the cheek, 
douta, J. Loss, destruction. 
do^a to destroy, 
douti, s. An ink-stand. 

^doft, c5^s-oh dourangi, dou- 
langi, ^. A long coat 

^s*, n^dJS^o doulatu, doulo- 
tu, ^. Rule, government. 2. 
pomp, ostentation. 
doulu, see Z3^>o. 
douve, adj. Toothless. 

ti>c3 dravida, Jt^ n^^zS. 

as^ dravya, J. Wealth, proper- 
ty, substance. 2. elementary 
substance, namely: earth, 
water, fire, air, ether, time, 
space, soul, intellect. 

rfsyjvs! dravyase, s. Love of 
gold, avarice. 

cy3j3r3 dravida, adj. Dravidian 
or Tamil. & properly the 
country from Madras to Cape 
Comorin. ^sj^oe a Brahmin, 
native of the South of the 
Vindya mountains. epraMone 
of the Dravidian languages. 

P,^ draksha, drakshe, s. 

^\ ^^\ 

Grapes. &s?U a vineyard. 
aijs-do the grape vine. "33 




\P3o droha, s. Treason, treach- 


Qi-y, rebellion, revolt. ^^ 
apostasy. ^so_ treason. 
dejeSo an apostate, traitor, 

dvandva, s, A couple, pair. 

2. strife, dispute. 


single combat. ^re?j a form 

of grammatical combination 

of words. 
o? d dvara, ^. A door. ^, TO 

<y^ a doorkeeper. 
crad^dvarakajJ. The city where 

Krushna, reigned. 
a, dvi, adj. Two 


dvija, 0^'. Twice born. 
s. The oviparous class of 
animals, as birds, snakes, 
fish, etc., which are first born 
in the shell or egg and then 
produced from it. 

dvijati, s. One of the 
twice born castes. 

dvije, s. A Brahmin, whose 
investiture with the sacred 
thread is supposed to con- 
stitute a second birth. 

dvitiya, adj. Second. 
the accusative case. 
a,3JcS dvipade, s. A metrical 
'"composition in couplets. 
a 3733 dvipadi, J. A biped. 

ad^cS dvivacana, s. The dual 
number, gram. 

dvividha, adj. Twofold. 

dvlpa, s. An island. 

dvesha, s. Hatred, enmity. 
rfotfo^S) to hate, detest. 
^ dveita, s. Dualism. rfo^ 
a sect that regards God and 
matter as distinct. 
of this sect. 

dha, The thirty-second letter 
of the alphabet. 
, dhakka, see ^. zJj*j 


a peremptory demand, 
dhakke, ^^ &&. 


l dhade, sec cill 2. j^ ra. 

dhani, j^ qJs- 
l dhane, see &3. 

dhana, s. Riches, wealth, 
property. 3, ^^^z!3 Ku- 
bera; a wealthy person. ^o 
3 a rich man. 


> dhani, s. A proprietor 
master, lord. 2. a wealthy 
man. 3. see YS. 

dhanike, J. A wealthy 

c3j. qJ^j^J. dhanu, dhanussu, s. 
A bow. 2. the ninth solar 
month. TO?) the sign Sagit- 
tarius. q^ov^S an archer. 
dhamudhumu, J^ ^ 





dro* dharanu, s. An old coin 
equivalent to one Rupee. 
drs dharana, see PD^E?. 

, $3dharani, dharitri, 
dhare, 5-. The earth. sftWziB a 

D^oSj, $0;fJ3r?oi dharisuni, 
dharitonuni (v 5 ), "' a. To 
wear, dress, put on, assume a 
form. 2. to retain in mind, 
hold, es^sutf to become in- 
carnate. X$F_ to become 
pregnant, sk" 7 ^ to be silent. 
dor dharma, s. Justice. 2. 
charity, liberality. 3. duty, 
obligation. 4. usage, practice. 
5. litness, propriety. 6. vir- 
tue, merit. v^ a wedding 
in which the bridegroom in- 
curs no expense. 3^ a 
wedded wife. -oscSo the 
oldest of the Pandu princes; 
Yama. ^^L a code of laws. 

dotfo^ to give alms. 

to do justice. 

dharmanuje, -r. A 
charitable man. 

5r dharmarta, 
dharmartha, adj. Gratuitous, 
charitable, free. ^rarg^r 
5. z^rfrar&sFX.) gratuitously, 
freely, gratis. 

dharmadharma, ^. 
Right and wrong. [judge. 


dharmi, dharmi- 
slithe, s. A charitable or liber- 
al man. 

^ dhavala, <//'. White, fair. 

white colour, 
dhavali, s. A white cow. 
qssiso dhatu, dhatu, ^. The 
pulse. 2. any constituent 
part of the body, as flesh, 
blood, etc. 3. a primary or 
elementary substance, as 
earth, air, etc. 4. the proper- 
ty of a primary element, as 
odour, colour, etc. 5. a gram- 
matical root. 6. a fossil or 
mineral. 7. the tenth year 
in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 
3^ spermatorrhoea, cmis- 
sio seminis. 4^ full pulse ; 

dhanya, s. Grain, corn in 


d^c^^ dhamudhumu, s. 
Prodigality, dissipation. 2. 
the noise of a drum or a 

dhara, see nstf. 

dharane, s. Price, charge. 
2. holding, having, maintain- 
ing, wearing. 3. keeping the 
mind collected, breath sus- 
pended, and all natural wants 

SDDrf^, dharadatta, adj. Given 
bypouring water on the hand. 
_ rfos^fi to give by pouring 
water on the hand. 
6 dhare, s. Sharpness, as of 
a knife, etc. 2. the stream of 
a jet of water poured. .>. a 
wedding ceremony. -Ds^a 




to pour water etc. in a 
stream, -So^s to solemnise 
a wedding by pouring water j 
on the hands of the bride 
and bridegroom- 
d3 dhavati, s. Thirst, desire, 
ardour, heat, hotness. 

dhavu, s. Heat, warmth. 
2. purse-pride, pride of wealth. 
.3. being care-worn from ex- 
cessive love of money, 
dhave, see os3. 

si>3 dhimati, dhimate, 
s. A wise or intelligent man. 
dhlra, adj. Brave. 2. firm, 
steady, ^bravery, boldness, 

dhire, s. A hero. 
j=5* dhukku, see d&# 2. see 

J^OB dbuttu, adj. Reproached, 
reviled. 2. abandoned, de- 

dhuni, s. A river. 
$ J2J J do 2JO dhubudubu, s&? tkeoo^. 
dhura, J. War. 

dhurandhara, ^'. Pow- 
erful, able. 3o"dcqfr3 a strong 
cr powerful man. 
O, qijS^ dhuri, dhurike, s. A 

dhurlna, s. A bad disposi- 
tion or mind. 

dhuru, s. A yoke, 
dhukshu, adj. Elevated, 
dhupa, s. Incense. rf *<^ri, 
oy^ a censer. rf -rfo-d the 

dammer tree Valeria indica ; 
cf. ^ode'S'A M ^lreorfj;j its 
resin. ;3oS^ to burn in- 

dhupambutti, see enn 

dhuparati, dhuparti, dhupundi, 
s. A censer. 

3>j^)^ dhupipuni (^^), ^. . 
To offer incense, burn in- 

dhuma, s. Smoke. 
a comet. 
ss&> dhumala, ^ 


SdOj dhumra, 5. A sort of 
purple colour compounded of 
black and red. -^ tobacco. 
dhumre, s. The name of 


a demon. 

^F dhurta, a^/". Fraudulent, 
crafty. , ^tx crafti- 
ness; dissimulation. ^r a 
deceitful man. 
3?oo dhusu, ^^ ^&T^. 
dhuselu, ^^ cis?56. 
dhulu, j. Dust. -Srf 
mildew; cf. ^^. 

dhenu, J. A milch cow. 

?&>= dhenukari, dhe- 
nuke, ^. A name of Krushna. 
dheirya, s. Courage, 
bravery. 2. firmness, steadi- 
ness. crooSo a courageous 
man, adventurer. oo?^ a 




timid man, coward. - 
a to take courage. 
dhode, see 

rige, dhorandalig-e, see 

dhore, s. A master, lord, 
king, ruler. 2. a European. 
3Z sovereignty, lordship, 
mastership. *&$ a lady, 

dhoku, set 
dhode, see 

Ccl dhorane, s. Manner, way, 
mode. 2. display. 3. prowess. 
4. ability. 

dhouta, adj. Washed, 
cleansed, white. tsozotf 
washed cloth. 

dhyana, J. Meditation, 
reflection. >i>#o^ to medi- 

ra^^J) dhyanipuni (^^), r-. . 
To meditate, reflect. 

j^o^I dhvamsa, ^. Loss, de- 
struction, extinction. rfo < tfOv 
a to destroy, desolate, anni- 

^fcj dhvaja, ^. A flag, standard, 

j ^ dhvani, s. Sound, voice, 

J noise, report. 

na, The thirty-third letter of 
the alphabet. 

0=5* nanku, (Pr.on. dot. plur. 
of ri^o) To us. 

cn* nangu, s. A kind of fish, 
useless paddy. 
c^orta* nang'aru, nangalu, 
s. An anchor. 

^o23,?jotionanji,nariju, j. Poison. 
2. puerperal convulsions. 3. 
impurity in the blood, scro- 
fulous tendency. 4. the af- 
ter-birth. 5. envy, jealousy. 
6. see CB. adj. Poisonous, 
impure, unwholesome. v* 
oso Menispcrmum cocculus ; 
any unwholesome fruit. CD 


oi> a man with a scrofulous 
constitution ; a ' malicious 
man. ^oti a poisonous tree, 
a poisonous thorn, 
a scrofulous disease. 
-rf?^ anything tend- 
ing to deteriorate the quality 
of blood. atfoa, sja-do^ to 
have puerperal convulsions. 

ofcsooci narijunde, s. A name of 

&, (foU^ft, F^oL'O nantu, nan- 
tastige, nantu, s. Kin, rela- 

ou? nandy, ^/'. Chronic, viru- 
lent. 1'ostoring. 2. shrunken, 
shrivelled; also 




dampness. -3& a festering 
sore. ^ixstfo a shrivelled 
nose. ^~S a slender spring 
or fountain. ^u^jS to be- 
come shrunken <?r shrivelled. 
_K eojatfos to become indu- 

nanda, s. The foster-father 
of Krishna ; also orf&se:5, o 
^3060. TLae^oo Krishna's 

-& nandana, s. Delight, joy. 
2. the twenty-sixth year in the 
Hindu cycle of sixty. 3. 
Indra's garden; a pleasure 
garden; also os^s3?i. 
dN nandane, s. A son. 

nandarike, s. A class of 

rf^> nandala, J. A lamp-post 
in front of a temple. 
C3s>^3j nandadfpa, s. A lamp 
always kept burning before 
an idol. 

nandi, s. A bull. 2. one of 
Siva's principal attendants; 
also gc^&gd. 3. joy, plea- 
sure. 4. the name of a man. 
&???? the name of a demon ; 
the statue of a bull. ^^ 
a kind of white flower. 
?j nandini, s. A daughter. 
2. a celestial cow. 

nambaye, see oe3. 

o f nambaru, 5-. A number. 2. 
a suit, case. 3. any criminal 
proceedings. 4. an imputa- 
tion, charge. 

nambarapu, see 

nambavuni, t. r. (^/" ?io 
vxs) To make believe, in- 
spire with confidence. 2. to 
hoax, deceive. 

o) nambi, J. A Vaishnava 
priest; also 

^^ nambig-e, ^. Fidelity, 
faithfulness, honesty, loyalty. 
2. trust, confidence, belief, 
faith. cDoSo a confidential 
or trustworthy man. 

nambudi, s:e ^caxs&. 

nambuni (>s'^), ?. . 
To believe, trust, rely upon, 
place confidence or faith in. 
toJSO namburi, s. A Brahmin 
of Malabar. 
oZ^Ori nambolig-e, ^^ 

nammavu, see 3 
nammlke, see 

nammuni, see 

1 naka, J. The shell of a fish. 
cf. ^rfo^aaso. 2. j^ fiso. 
a kind of perfume. 

nakariyuni, see N^^^>. 
G* nakalu, s. A copy, tran- 
script. :3^o>, _a;-3L^ to copy, 
transcribe; to take a copy. 
dj^$ to make a rough 

nakali, s. Ridicule, satire, 
caricature ; imitation, adj. 
Spurious, counterfeit. c^o:o 
a buffoon, satirist. 





to ridicule, caricature; to 

nakari, adj. Useless, worth- 
less, adj. Inferior. 

nakula, s. A mungoose. 
2. the fourth of the five 
Pandu princes. 

nakera, s. A nail, claw. 
adj. Claw-like 

nakeruni (5*^5), v. n. 
To neigh. 2. to titter, giggle. 

, ...j|j, nakkamutti, s. A sort 
a- eJ 
of gambling. 

osxd)^ nakkavuni, c. v. (of ^^ 


ft) To cause to lick. 
tfo, nakkuni (^), z 1 . . To 
lick, lap. 

nakkuru, ^. An earth- 


worm. s^> a red worm. 
j^T^do^ nakkeruni, see ^TJOS. 
?i.t>o nakkelu, see ^^ Q - 
^^,s3 nakkele, s. A man who 

licks, especially the plate in 

which food had been served. 

2. a greedy man. 
^u,) nakkeldi, s. An abandoned 

TT -' 

woman. 2. the fern, of 3^3. 
?yc\ nakra, ^. A crocodile. 
N^tSaJ,, nakrajittu, s. Vishnu's 

weapon. [kettle-drum. 

ri^^jdjs nakramaddoli, J. A 

<~J Cl 

^^ nakru, ^<ff ^o^-do. 
fi-s- nakli, ^<J fitfc. 


:iakha, s. A nail, talon, 
claw. 2. a fragrant substance 
resembling a nail. 

nakhaguti, s. A market 

nakhavali, s. A row, as 
of nails. 

*$) nakhi, 5. A perfume. adj\ 
Having claws. 

^A*3^) nagupuni, see s>7\^. 

c^rt naga, s. Jewels, ornaments. 
2. goods, property. 3. a 
mountain. 4. a sailing vessel 
or craft. -^3 Vishnu. 

Firt^nagadu, adj. Fibrous; nap- 
py. 2. overgrown. 

ria nagadu, nagadi, s. 
Ready money, cash. &s^r&. 
to pay in cash. 

, cirfd nagaru, nagara, s. A 
city, town. 2. the name of a 
town. -33^ a citizen, towns- 

reS, srrsdnagari, nagari, 
nagdre, 5. A large kettle- 

nage, s. Mouldiness, rotten- 
ness. zJ^s to moulder, 
become mouldy; to be rot- 

R^ nagepuni (^), r. . To 
mould, get rusty, 
n* naggu, adj. Stunted, not 
fully developed. a^5 stunt- 
ed paddy. 

?J.>r(oiiaggunuggu,tf<//. Stunt- 
ed, diminutive. 
nacca, ^. Pricking. 2. peck- 


ing. 3. J^ 3. e3^s> to 
prick, peck. 




v ^ naccatra, see s^^j- 
nacce, see N^. 
* najaru, ^. Sight, seeing. 


2. estimate, value. 3. a pre- 
sent to a superior. sooaS 
to keep in surveillance. 
nata, ^^ Uj- 

natanata, adr. Briskly, 
nimbly. 2. with a crackling 
noise. 3$ to frisk, 

J^ natane, s. A dance, danc- 
ing. 2. sham respect or 

natavu, see ^4- 

, natuku, s. Cracking the 

f., ?dU. nattu, natta, ^'. Beg- 
ging; beggarly. 3>& sores 
about the underlip, believed 
to be curable only by partak- 
ing of food earned by beg- 
natta, see ttj 

natta, adj. Middle, central. 


2. trifling. ?i&?5 midnight. 
3$ a trifling, bit. siwoN 

,, r^^ra,^) natta, nattavu, s. 
A loan, lending. ^S 
^jsLr^ to lend. 

To cause to beg; to send for 


13 natti, s. Planting, trans- 


planting. $M a kind of 

tobacco grown in South- 

o.^DoSj, ?S^3 ?3 nattunaye, nat- 


tele, s. A beggar; a beggarly 


Jo^ nattuni (^), ^.. To beg, 

request, apply, pray. 

ta&J9&F$ nattogukorpini, 
under cifas.. 

nadupini, ^^ ~^^- 
nadake, ^. Walking. 2. 
pace, gait. sa5_ travelling 
on foot. 

nadatara, ^^ ^o^. 
i nadate, J. Behaviour, con- 
duct. 2. intercourse, fami- 
liarity. eyso^A ^rf3 osoo! 
they have no intercourse with 
each other. 

JjsrsOoi nadatonuni, reft. v. 
(of ?ft$3>>) To behave, con- 
duct one's self. 
8Qi)kJ nadapata, s. Walking, 
exercise. 2. behaviour, con- 

s^c^ Nd^oSj nadapavuni, 
nadapudnni, c. v. (of N^S>) To 
cause to walk. 2. to manage, 
direct, guide, lead. 
a3) nadapu, see ^^>y. 

nadapuni (^), v. n. To 
walk, proceed, go on. 2. to 

doi^ nadamada, s. Noise, cry- 

nadari, ^. The periodical 
feast of a temple. 



nadare, s. A native hearth, 
nadavari, sec ztt. 

?i? nadavalike, s. Inter- 
course, familiarity. 2. ma- 
nagement, control. 
^CsSSjS nadavali, s. A grand festi- 
val occurring once in 1 2 years 
at Dharmasthala. 
f5S nadi, s. Behaviour, conduct, 
walk. ?jo& , .y&? under zS. 
Sfl nadike, nadige, ^ 
2. 3 

) nadiyuni (^ a ), v. n. To 
be planted, or transplanted, 
nadiru, .ra? a?5. 
nadillu, ^. The middle 

CO * 

room of a house. 

s'r nadiru, nadlrlu, 
s. Midnight. 

"O nadu, s. Centre, middle. 
2, the waist, loins, adj. Cen- 
tral, middle. &&?: a middle 
<?r cross wall. -=-3^5 the court- 
yard before a house. *3, 
-c?^ the crown of the head. 
sscSo one who is in the 
middle; an intermediate son 
or brother, -goctk a middle 
piece. rioK the middle arm. 
2^0 the midday-sun. 
_rfooj v the backbone. -^^ 
midnight. -Kfo the middle 
row. -SUo^ to gird up the 
loins. ^zf 3)$ to have pain in 
the loins. zJai^s to hold by 
the waist. r^j. 

nadumbulu, see 3rij$ 

rfj."1v?j naduguni (v^oK), r. . 
To tremble, shake, shiver, 
quake, totter. 

dorljvlserl naduguroga, s. The 
palsy, tremor. 

c^j^d nadutara, .//'. Middling 

nadupuni, see tttsS. 

j nadupulu, s. The waist, 

& naduvantadi, s. The 
residence of a priest. 
tij8, naduvadi, s. Conduct. 
2. a customary observance. 
o^f! naduvane, adj. Central, 
middle. tracSo the inter- 
mediate brother. 
dodrS naduvandi, s. The inter- 
mediate daughter or sister. 

naduve, sec ' 
3d nade, s. Walk, step, gait. 2. 
conduct, behaviour. 3. a 
closet, side-room. 4. the lower 
space between the two veran- 
das of a house or temple. 
9o2o a cloth spread on the 
road for a procession to pass 
over. -oS conduct and 
speech, or word and deed. 
3^!-} naddantadi, see 

a^ nadpini (^S), 7-. a. To 

s^d nanavare, see tS^Btf. 
o*, NCoisS nanilu, nanile, Jtv 

nane, ^^'. Wet, moist. 




_ natty, nattu, 

nartu, s. A female's ornament 
for the nose. 

ctf nattinge, s. An owlet. 
2. a man who is- partially 

naduru, nadaru, sa? 

a nadi, J. A river. 

$, F^SD nana, nanala, aafo. Yet, 
still, once more, farther on. 
croc^^ ^j^orb I shall no 
more do this. NSB &B S he 


has not yet come. 
>j nanapini, see 33$s. 
^^S^ nanavarike, see j5rf&& 

$v nanike, s. A brother-in- 

SD^^o nanepavuni, c. v. (of 3$ 
ts>) To make wet, to moisten, 

nanepini, nanepuni, naneyuni, 
nanevuni (^^), f. n. To be 
moist, wet, damp. ~l ^^ 
Z.-ziizn 3$ lit. if the hand 
be wet, the throat also will 
be wet; if you work, you will 

naneri (c3S), s. Wet rice. 
?^ napasu, J^ fros^oJ- 

napumsaka, adj. Neuter. 
^ impotency. s5cX the 
neuter gender. ^^z^ a 
3 nape, j^ 3$. 
ji nappada, see re^rf. 

^j nappu, s. Injury, degrada- 
3 nappe, sec r spcs>3 b ". 2. see 33- 

oO rr ' 

^ naphe, ^. Profit, gain, ad- 
vantage; also 3$. 
323* nababu, see cosro^S. 

' TI o T\p C/*/-* r^of? 

$, ^^rj* nabha, nabhassu, r. 
The sky, atmosphere. 2. a 
cloud. <3ej3.?'rfoc3e; the firma- 

rio naroa, pron. (pi. of oo."s^ 
We, including the person or 
persons addressed; cf. 
sAx rfoz5o^i ours. ~ 
one of us, one of our party. 
^!o^ namana, s. The act of 

^Orisj 9 ", fS^o^islj namanatu, na- 
manama, s. Union. ?-ls to 

f namaru, see ?i^j. 
^j^Oo^^i namaskaripuni (~^ 
?i&), 7'. w. To bow, make 

3o7^d, ?5do^ namaskara, na- 
masya, ^. Salutation, prostra- 
tion, obeisance; also 3:re3J. 
-TOcSosto prostrate, fall down. 
-.rfo<o^ to salute, bow, do 

X3)3, ^DJ^O^ namipuni, na- 
misuni (^^oc3), v. a. To bow, 
reverence, do obeisance. 

:;ojr3, cj3oJ3> namune, namune, 
^. A pattern, sample, model, 




7-. a. To mark; to mention, 
state, show. 

sl)J5do namudu, s. Appearance, 
mark. 2. mentioning, stating, 
showing. ?; to appear, 
be mentioned. --do^s to 
mention, show. 

namepuni, see stools. 

nameyuni (^^), f. . 
To wear away. 2. to become 

3j^o> nameluni, see X^bcdoo^. 
U namma, see >>do. 
>^ namra, adj. Humble, sub- 
missive, gentle. , s hu- 
mility, submissiveness, gentle- 

DJO naya, J. Gentleness, meek- 
ness. 2. kindness. 3. fine- 
ness, polish, softness, delicacy. 

4. a bait to catch alligators. 

5. cheapness. 6. see j^oorfo. 
adj. Fine, soft, smooth, glossy. 
2. gentle, meek. 3. kind. 4. 
cheap. Xor. 2>e> an amiable 
<?r gentle disposition. oS, 
_ 33t>3d an elegant expression 
0r kind word. 

nayikumbu, adj. Half 
cotton and half woollen. 2. 

: J30 nayikuli, s. The tree 
Wrightia tine tor ia. 

- nay ike, see f^odo^. 2. ^^ 

?w3 nayipili, 

?Ic ff ^^- narunuru, 5. 

^. Bruised. 

^d nara, s. A vein, nerve, ten- 

^d nara, ^. A man. ^/'. Human. 
a:^, KC^ human existence. 
araS mankind. ao human 
sacrifice, -ds?^ the earth, 
nether world. ^^ murder. 
Fodorta> naranguni (^cK), T\ w. 
To waver, hesitate, be reluc- 

narandu, see ^5. 

narambu, J. A sinew, 
nerve, pulse. 3^3 sinews 
to contract, to feel cramped, 
naraka, s. Hell, hades. 2. 
dirt, filth. 3 ^jaotS the abyss 
of hell. -2 *8 the hell-fire. 
_ ^?3$c3 hell-torments. 

narakantake, ^. A 
name of Vishnu- r ma 

narakadhipati, s. Ya- 
naraki, ^/'. Hell-worthy. 
2. dirty, filthy. 

narakuni (^^), "'. rt;. To 
sigh, groan, moan, grumble, 
narakele, s. A grumbler. 
dj narag-uduni (^^XoS), 
7 1 . . To bruise, crush ; to tor- 

naraguni, see jrtf^j^. 

naraguri, s. A sheepish 
man, coward. 

naragoli, see a^^i^se*. 

naratuni (?0), r. . To 
grumble; cj. 




naradu, s. Roughness. 2. 
a -wart, protuberence. 3. 
stuntedness. 4. false preg- 
nancy, adj. Rough, craggy, 

d3 naradeva, narapa- 
ti, s. A human ruler. 

naranara,^'. Slow, gentle, 
slow labour, 
narapuri, s. A mortal. 

c^ddoiirS, c^ddJS(5o na- 
raman, naramane, naramanye, s. 
Man; a mortal. 

naraye, s. A kind of crane. 
2. a grey-haired man. 3. a 
white-spotted ox. adj. Grey. 
2. white-spotted. 

naraluni, see stotfos. 

naravu, ^ ctt. 

narasimha, ^. The fourth 
incarnation of Vishnu, 
naraluni, see sWtfos. 

onaradhanie, ^. The mean- 
est of mankind. 
)^3J3 naradhipati, s. The 
ruler of men. 
nari, J. A jackal, fox. 
narike, see s^r. 
naripu, J^ F^^r. 

do&do naruguru, na- 
runuru, s. A crack, crash. 
2. a sound produced while 
eating anything crisp. 
j4^^> naruvolu, ^. A kind of 
aromatic tree of which the 
leaves are used for curry or 
medicine, Saccharum Munja. 

3 nare, see erfd 

3 nare, s. Greyness, hoariness- 
adj. Grey, hoary. 5o&i } 
*? grey hair. saoSo a grey- 
haired man. aoLrs to be- 
come grey, 

To hesitate; cf. 
loft& narengele, s. A dull, 
tardy, slow, hesitating man. 
nareti, s. A white-spotted 

nareluni, see r^d^'osi. 

narevuni (^), v, n. Hair 
to become grey, grow white. 
Q narendre, s. A king, 
narka, se 

?F narke, ^. The skin, hide, 

eJ nargata, s. Bruising. 

nargavuni, c. v. (of 3 
To bruise, crush, 
narguni (s^), ^ . 72. To 
be bruised, crushed. 2. to be 
close, as a cluster of fruits. 

narguru, see sMjXodo. 
fj^rs3 nargele, s. A grumbler. 
oj3*FFJO^oFnartunurtu, adv. For- 
cibly ; by dint of perseverance, 
narta, adj. Soft, pure. 

nartage, s. A dancer, 

nartana, s. Dancing, act- 
ing. -3oo,$ to dance. 




t~ narte, s. A bivalved shell- 
fish, mollusk. 
Nf"d narnara, see tftfoXo-do. 
oFlrs;* narnurtely, ^'. Half 

narpu, ^. Deserting, for- 
saking. 2. disgust, dislike. 
r> narpuni (^), "' <? To 
desert, forsake. 2. j^ ?3Sbr?). 
r 1 . '. To be disgusted. 

narma, ^. Sport, amuse- 
ment, pleasure. 
^jrd narmada, s. The river 

.)F5> narluni (^^ r ), v.n. To 
rattle, as phlegm in the 
throat. 2. see NC^OS. 
FckS narvante, s. A small uni- 
valved shell-fish, mnllusk. 
narvolu, ^ FWo4ew. 

nalu, nala, adj. Good. 
2. cheap, 
tfo nala, see 3$. 

f$vr(^ nalaguni (^ !<y ^), "'. . To 
grumble, murmur. 2. to 
fade, wither. 3. to be pro- 
strated, reduced from sick- 
ness; c/. zttfofr 

fi nali, s. Dent, dimple, as of 
a metallic vessel. ^s to 
remove the dimple of such a 
vessel. 20^0^ to be indented. 

>=$ nalike, s. Dancing, jump- 
ing. cDoSo a dancer; one of 
the class of demon-dancers. 

N ft nalike, see Zv. 

. nalina, s. The lotus. 

nalipuni (~e^), r. ;z. To 
dance, leap; to turn round, 
z'. . To let fall, as a vessel. 
2. to indent, bruise. 
)o3oo^ naliyuni (-), f. . To 
be indented, dimpled, as a 
metallic vessel. 

naliye, see ^^- 
nale, see SA 

nalenci, ^ ?23oel. 
N^ nalke, nalpu, see $. 
$ nalpuni, see s'^s. 

nalme, ^. Goodness, friend- 

nallu, s. A kind of flea 
which infests poultry, cats, 
etc. 2. a sprain. 

nalli, s. The bone of the leg 

o f 

below the knee, shinbone. 
2. see $. 


?3, ^e3o nallige, nalle, 


naliye, J. A weed, tare, Pas- 
palum pilosum. 2. a hollow. 
_a:jsrfjs) to be dimpled, de- 

nava, adj. New, fresh, num. 

r^sd navagraha, s. The nine 
planets, TYC., the Sun, Moon, 
Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Ve- 
nus, Saturn, Rfihu (Caput 
draconis), and Ketu (Canda 

craS, fdsiui^cl navadara, nava- 
dvara, s. lit. The nine doors. 
2. the human body which has 

?id nava 



nine inlets or outlets, as the 
nostrils, ears, mouth, etc. 
3zjra?l navadhanya, s. Nine 
kinds of corn, as v&5 paddy, 
&8?t? wheat, 3rfe3 Bengal gram, 
ifjsAb dholl, 5\icli gram, <3&, 
gingely seed, 5^ country 
beans, ox>^or black gram, and 
^2c7. green gram. 
ifiOsN navanutana, adj. Very 
beautiful, handsome; singu- 

is^ navapattu, s. Fungosity. 
2. music accompanied with 
beating of drums, adj. Fun- 
gous, excrescent. 

navama, num. Ninth. 

islssrf navamasa, s. Nine 
months, the period of preg- 

navami, s. The ninth 
lunar day of either fortnight. 
d navara, s. A kind of grain ; 
cf. c3^fr3. 

sSd^, navaratna, s. Nine kinds 

of precious stones or gems, 
viz., ^oo^ pearl, ^053 ruby, 
3%j diamond, ^^jsorfor cat's 
eye <?r beryl, ^?^o?^ onyx, 
^n-csA topaz, See; sapphire, 
and 2^. emerald. 
doD^ navaratri, ^. A festival 
observed for the first nine 
days of the seventh lunar 
month in honour of the god- 
dess Durga. 

>6 navare, s. A kind of rice, 
ra, na- 

vasara, s. The salt Sal am- 

J navabe, s. A Nabob, 

3^oSj| navayite, s. A Konkani 
speaking class of Mohamme- 
dan cloth-merchants. 

, e navaru, na- 

varuda-patti, s. Tape, band', 

23*Sj^\ navilupakki, s. A pea- 
cock also 

na,^. Renewal, 

renovation. zb<3^& to renew. 
etf navlna, adj. New, fresh, 

^)oJ navunta, s. Itching, irrita- 
tion in the throat. 3$, 

navumpuni, see 
nave, see NA. 

nasipuni (^), P. a. To 
destroy, ruin. z>. n. To perish, 
decay. 2. to work hard, 
exert one's self beyond one's 

5200 naslbu, naslbu, 5. 
Fate, destiny. 

nase, s. SnuiF, medicinal snuff. 
33^ a snuff box. 
l nashta, s. Loss, damage. 
injury, adj. Lost, destroyed, 
damaged. &&> to be lost; 
c.dat. to lose. 

^e* na-suku, see N^. 

Js5e)rl), Fw^De)^, ^rj^rS nasapa- 
ni, nasarani, nasrani, ^. A Naza- 




reue or Syrian Christian. I 
2. a nasty, base, mean, or I 
worthless fellow. 

^o nasi, sec 33. 

2co3jj> nasiyuni (3ty, v. n. To 
submit, subdue. 

^OJJ3* naslyatu, s. Punish- 

nasuku, see 3^. 

nasudi, ^. The forehead. 

?3 nase, adj. Soft, gentle. 2. 
moist, damp, humid, s. Moist- 
ness. 2. softness. AST? a 
man in good circumstances. 

?j* nasku, s. Twilight, dawn, 


early .morning. 
T^e&j naskyatra, see 33^. 
nasya, see 3$. 

1 nala, s. The fiftieth year of 
the Hindu cycle of sixty. 
2. see 3$. Z&3 superior 

nalakambha, s. A pole 
planted in the middle of a 
stack of straw. 
? nali, see 3$. 

?, ^$ri nali, nalig-e, s. A tube, j 


pipe. 2. the barrel of a gun. 
nalina, see 33. 
nalipuni, see 
naliyuni, see 

? nale, s. A celebrated king, 
the husband of Damayanti. 

\ nalye, see 3&X. 

nallu, see 3$^. 
} nalli, s. A spool. - 
to spool. 
, ^ naksha, nakshe, s. A 

^A >^\ 

map, plan, chart. 2. a paint- 
ing, picture, photograph, rfo 
es^ru a genealogical table, 

^ nakshatra, s. A star, planet. 
2. a constellation 0r lunar 
mansion. rfooito, e?j3?^ the 
planetary system. ^SjS^o 
^jsw favourable conjunction 
of natal stars. 

> na, An interrogative particle 
affixed to nouns, pronouns 
adjectives, verbs and adverbs ; 
as, tra^o?ro is it Rama? ^oSofro 
is it he? cSoz^^ is it good? 
^Pe^fra are you going? ^aezScra 
was it yesterday? 
)o2^o^) naricuni (e 
To dance. 

nantuni, see 

nSnde, ^. A measure of 
grain, equal to one-sixteenth 
or one-twentieth of a seer. 

nannya, see srortg. 
nanta, ^<? ^^> 

nandi, ^. Benedictory 
verses recited at the com- 
mencement of an auspicious 
ceremony. 2. a ceremony per- 
formed to preserve a marri- 
age party from the pollution 
of birth or death in the 





nambu, s-:e 
S 1 naka, s. Heaven, paradise, 
sky 5 atmosphere. 2. J^ srctfo. 
> a sacrifice to all the 
gods on the fifth, day of a 
^^S nakari, see 5^5. 

naku, s. A female calf, 
naga, J. A snake, serpent. 
2. a class of demi-gods. 3. the 
image of a serpent. 3?5o a 
class of demi-goddesses. ^6 


the stone image of a serpent. 
_ ^o^os?, _-rfj> the young of a 
serpent. AOC^C; an ear-orna- 
ment in the form of a serpent's 
hood. -3 the hood of a 
serpent, -d??^ the infernal 

naga, ^^ A. 

o^, nagakushta, s. A kind 
of leprosy. 

rtzSzf <30 nagajidepu, s. A head 
ornament like the extended 
hood of a serpent. 

oe)^ nagatali, s. The cactus 
Trichosanlhes anguina. 

nagadandu, 5 1 . Stag- 
nant water of yellowish color. 
riNrtS naganagari, s. A kind 
of drum. 

>risiU nagapatta, s. A kind of 

^-srizo^nagabana, naga- 
bana, s. A grove haunted by, 
or sacred to, serpents. 

nagabldi, s. A locality, 
affecting the health of those 

dwelling there, or the purity 
of any thing, as water, etc. 

^ nagabetta, s. A species 
of cane with black spots 
about the joints. 

>tf nagamallige, s. The 
flower Justicta nasuta. 

s^ nagarusuttu, s. A 
gold or silver thread. 

nagara, s. Dry ginger. 

2. the cobra. 3. see ^Xrf. -Zo 
^3 a feast on the fifth day 
of the fifth lunar month. 20 
^4 the Kagari or Sanskrit 
character. r3^_ the Bengal 
Nagari character. 3oa_ the 
Peninsula Nagari character. 
riD^ nagarika, adj. Civilized, 

refined, cultured. 2. elegant. 

3. prudent. & civilization ; 
elegance; prudence. ?5X&^ 
a civilized, neat, or prudent 

^ nagavandige, s. A shelf. 

nagavalli, s. A very pun- 
gent species of betel leaf, 
piper betel. 

rJ, cssrfrgssj^ nagasam- 
pige, nagasampei, s. The flower 
Mcsua speciosa. 

^srl^d nagasara, naga- 
svara, s. A pipe answering to 
the drone of the bagpipe; a 
snake pipe with two holes. 

nage, s. A serpent. 2. the 
image 'of a serpent. ?r? a 
spotted serpent, -rfoo?? 






i* nageru, s. Native Ro- 
man Catholics, so called by 

sr^o^ nagendre, s. The chief 
of the serpents. 2. the name 
of a man. 

5rL<3s3 nagole, s. The conclud- 
ing ceremony of a marriage 
among Brahmins. 

nacu, s. Dancing, a nautch. 

rri nacike, nacige, s. 
Shame, modesty, blushing. 
7?5 shameless, impudent. 
_ e?l-$to be ashamed, modest; 
to blush. 

K$$3v, ^r?aa^& nacikedei, na- 
cigedei, s. The sensitive plant 


nacuni (siS~), z 1 . n. To 
blush, be ashamed. 

id najaru, najare, s. 
A sheriff. 

na-i, s. A kind of dance. 

najuku, .adj. Delicate, 
fine, soft. ^arf delicate 
najre, see srafcS. 

j nata, ^. A pole used for a 
hedge. 2. a pole used for 
supporting a plantain tree, 
or for training up a creeper. 
1 nataka, nataga, ^. 
A play, drama. 2. a theatri- 
cal performance. cso3o, jro 
% an actor. ~e? a theatre. 
k5>4 natavuni, c. r. (of ?s 
\ To cause to affect or 

cisU nati, ^. Fixing, pitching, 


^ralJosri natiraga, s. A prelude. 
c3a>sL$ natuni (c=S), 7'. a. To 
affect, impress, move. 2. to 
operate, act upon, as a medi- 
cine. cS^n crsii^) ^yj3=7) will 
nothing move you? or will 
all the telling be lost upon 
you V 

3 nate, -y#? ?^y. 
eJo natya, J. Dancing, acting, 
nadu, J. A district, village, 
nadavuni, c. i'. (pf*x>&> 
$) To cause to search. 
)3 nadi, ^. The pulse. 2. a 
blood-vessel, artery, or vein. 
3. vital air or breath. 4. an 
astrological term connect- 
ed with natal stars. -5.-.y 
the planetary conjunction 
consulted by astrologers when 
matrimonial alliances are to 
be formed. ss?^ exami- 
nation of the pulse. A);6o-<j 
the pulse to cease. 3.^$ 
to feel the pulse. v3;gs>, 
the pulse to beat, 
nadige, s. One of the 
cultivating classes in the 
northern part of Canara. 
nidu, see sroS. 

naduni (?^S), z f . <7. To 
search, seek. 

nade, J. A cord, rope. 

, ^urs nanu, nina, J 1 . Naked- 
ness, nudity. 2. the buttocks. 





parvesi, nanapravesi, see 

naiiilu, s. A species of 
olive. ^ o3oo oil prepared 
from its fruit. 

?o nanya, s. Money, coin. 
cQcTw- a counterfeit coin. 
STsH^ nanme, .?. Manipulation. 

^53 niita, ^. Smell, odour. 2. 

stink, stench; also Z&3 &>&, 

3o& a base family. 
tree's natapu, s. The plant 

Lantana aculcata. 
cTO^o natu, s3; /! c^i^os). 

73$ nathe, ^. A husband, master, 

lord, protector. 
e)d nada, s. A sound, report, 

noise or note. ^o?vo thunder. 

ac3c the roar of a lion ; a 
war cry. 
>C3i>> nadini, adj. Stupid, 

cS'SCjDO, cSD^S nadiri, nadhari, 

J-. Poverty, pauperism. 2. 

bankruptcy, insolvency, adj. 

Indigent, poor. 2. bankrupt. 
$e)c3o> naduni (?roS), v. n. To 

smell, stink. 
^3s>:i nadre, see 

^r nanaparavarshi, s. 
A pension, gratuity ; superan- 

"3^D nana, adj. Various, diverse, 
different. 33 different sorts. 
rfrer diverse colours. s$ 
various ways. 

nanuni (^^), r 1 . . To 
shrink; cf. eA)s^dj>. 
<, nanya, s. Likeness. 2. kind. 

\f f i ,() i ^ ~y^"^ * 6 -*; T^ "^r NT^ f-6 

OJrJ , (M^ oJ 13'-w , ^O"OJ, (3 S)oj -j 

napasu, nsipasu, naoe, napesu, 
adj. Worthless, useless. 2. 
powerless, helpless. 3. stingy, 

napike, ^. A barber, 
nabhi, ^. The navel. 2. 
the holes in the leaves of a 
palm book, to string them 

SJo nama, s. A name, appel- 
lation. 2. a sectarian mark 
on the forehead. 33 p the 
ceremony of naming a child 
after birth. 3 ^35 a kind 
of bangles. ^-.^ a noun. 
_?^3?5 invoking <?r repeating 
the name of God. e?fcs>, eo 
3o$ to fail, be defeated. ssa 
t$os> to put on the sectarian 
mark; to cheat, deceive. 
)dJC3^^o s namadabaru, s. Coun- 
try sarsaparilla, licmidcsmus 

namaradu, adj. Peevish. 
2. impotent. 

;dodr namarde, s. A eunuch, 
impotent man. 2. a sneak, 

dJ2o--3 namankita, .$. Aname. 
adj. Dedicated, as a work to 
a person. 

namusu, s. Disgrace. 
2. shame. \\>\i. 

s3v^ namesa, s. Nothing, a 




naya, sec crogcfc. 

nayake, s. A guide, lead- 
er. 2. a chief, bead, general. 
3. an honorary title given to 
a Roman Catholic or a Kon- 

nay are, sec fraoao^jsKS. 
nayi, s. A clog. _zft3o?\ 
an acute form of syphilis. 
>?5 an otter. 

! nayikini, s. A mistress. 

nay ike, see ?^cdj^. 

'^S nayitolaci, s. The 
white basil <?r country tea, 
Ocimum alburn. 

nayipalle, s. A kind 
of tree. 

X&j&S nayipili, J. A hyena. 
oSje:^^ nayibadamu, ^. The 
wild almonds. 

05j5Jjsd nayimare, ^. ANayar 
of Malabar. 

nayiyulli, ^ ^^%- 
A* nayisonangu, ^. 
The plant Mucuna pruriens. 

oSoD* nayeru, J. A plough. 
2. see ?3sQ3oTireT3. _ ^S , j^g JTOTJ 
*S . _rf Xorf 6. _ sJ Xodjs ^o a 

_0 o ' O 

worn out plough. 

naru, ^. The hemp of 
plants, fibrous bark of trees, 
etc.; linen. ^ ^ocUo, _3oa 
a linen cloth. d eo^ a 
hempen rope. ^wo^^ to be- 
come stringy ^ tough. > 
sSs^ft to twist hemp or fibre 
into ropes. 

narang-ayi, see 
narange, see ssxSoTs. 

, c^d^ narakatti, na- 
ratti, ^. A kind of sword used 
by the Nayars. 

narade, s. A celebrated 
sage and legislator, the son of 
Brahma, and inventor of the 
lute. 2. a tell-tale, slanderer. 
narasu, s. A very thin 
wire. 2. the hook of a 
native woman's nose-ring. 
adj. Thin, lean, emaciated. 
2. stingy, miserly. =5v?j a 
rod with which the measure- 
of a (^WTS) kalase is struck. 
narasiinha, see 

narayane, s. A name of Vishnu. 
2. the name of a man. ^$s 
a kind of amulet. 

narayani, s. The wife 
of Vishnu and goddess of 
prosperity. 2. the wife of 
Siva and goddess of de- 
struction. 3. the river Ganges. 
nari, s. A woman. 

naru, see ^- 

narengi, s. A kind of 

naresu, s. An instrument 
to make either gold or silver 
wire. 2. see p^!3. 

narde, see 33.r. 
s; 4 nal^i, num. Four. ovxk, 
jroe;^-dj //'/. four towns; some 
countries or parts of the 




world. cra owdo Sc^rrio 
one should travel abroad. 
^SvoSo the name of a 
demon. a^j the four points 
of the compass. &sk, sra 
e^do four hundred. 
four corners, a square. 
the four Vedas. 

nalu, .y. A horse-shoe; cf. 
a>o5 a farrier, shoe- 
smith; farriery. ^^$, sss 
s'os to shoe a horse, /. 
5)s;crl nalanga, s. The hands, 
legs, eyes, and ears, 
nalane, adj. Fourth. 

c3a>s)C>J nalayi, nalayi, 
s. The tongue. tf sro faith- 
fulness to a promise. estf 
speaking faintly, as a sick 
person. si5 lit. double 
iongued; hoarseness; dupli- 
city, equivocation. &o& , 
3-tx- the uvula. 3c:&s> to 
be able to speak. bs^os) //'/. 
to retract one's tongue, to 
break a promise. 20^0$ 
to falter, cease to speak, as 
a dying person; to pledge 
one's word. ^oX-dos to speak 
fluently; to break a promise, 
nalavarti, s. The four 
seasons, adv. Four times. 

nali, s. The throat, wind- 
pipe. 2. a pipe, tube. 3. the 
stalk of a lotus. 4. see ss<X 
c3>0r^nalisu, s. Disparagement, 
detraction, censure. 2. dis- 
honour, disgrace. sktfo^ to 

disparage, censure; to dis- 

nale, J. A sewer, drain. 2. 
a pipe. 

j nalkolu, 2^'. Four 


times; o/w ci3j^?Jj. 

s3%^oyo nalkontu, s. Four 

nalpa, num. Forty. 

tf nalpamara, ^. The 
bark, etc. of four kinds of 
milky trees used in medicine, 
namely: *?, >,*, e?Br, 
and ~!i^j3?e5. 

nalla, s. A fourfold 


ploughing. 2. 5^ c^)4a^- 
s3 nalle. see 5s><3. 

nalveru, ^. Four persons. 

navade, J. A man belong- 
ing to a tribe so called. 2. 
the claw of cattle, beasts or 

navala, see m&>*3. 

, craSrl navike, navige, s. 
A sailor. 

nave, s. A ship, vessel, 
navola, J. Four seers. 

DSJ^ nasa, nasana, J. De- 
struction, ruin, loss. 2. 
annihilation, death. ^ a 
destroyer. "3o;3 God, the 
immortal, -tffca, -5 ^?- 
to be destroyed; to fall in 
ruins ; to die. -rfo^S) to de- 
stroy, ruin. 
c3e>3SL, <3e>3i nashta, nashte, s. 

&J &J 

Breakfast. 2. luncheon. 


^n?? 1 " nisu, s. Snuff. 

i r^ nasagra, s. The top of 
the nose. 2. sec "~^- 
!^ nasika, s. The nose. 
)^ nasti, s. Denial, refusal. 

nastika, adj. Infidel, he- 
retical. -as infidelity, athe- 
ism, heresy. 

:V^ nastike, J. An atheist, 
infidel, heretic. 

nalu, see ~^. 2. see <^. 

N^>$ nala- nali, $<; - 

eS nalikera, J. A cocoanut 

r-^ ninkuni, j^ se>jj. 

srio* ningalij, J. Broken rice, 
grit, ilijs^o very fine grit. 
> 3 rtj nin^uduni, nin- 
guni (ac*o5, scK), 7-. </. To 

infolu, see *^T(. 
ninni, see zz&. 

oS^o^,- ^orfj^ nindi- 
puni, nindisuni, ninduni (s>c5, 
aoacu), :. (7 . To abuse, re- 
proach. 2. to blame, censure. 
3. to mock, ridicule. 4. to 

oz3 ninde, s. Abuse, blame, cen- 
sure, reproach. 2. mockery, 
ridicule. 3. blasphemy. 7^:5, 
ro-^o an abuser, censurer, 
scoffer, blasphemer. 

^ ninna, ninnavu, ^v"6' 

ninni, s. An echo, i 

oj-i rt niga 

beration. 2. mimicry. ^EO 

the sound of an echo. 
- to mimic. 

o^4?> ninnsvuni v. n. 

To echo. 

nimbe, ^6' ec^. 
^ nika, J. A marriage among 

Mohammedans. -do^s> to 

marry a Mohammedan wo- 

=0^0 nikulu, priii. (pi. of^) 

$sQy, ci^Sv' nikhila, nikhila, a^'. 

All. the whole, entire, com- 

^ A* a nigudi, ?. Instalment. 2. 

a fixed period or sum for 

payment, as the assessment 

on land. 3. fixing, settlement. 

7^^)~E~ government assess- 

ment. ^kvo^ to resolve, 


A*SJ)) nigupuni, see st\3d. 
>rtecj> nigacuni (".AiS"), ?.n. To 


nigada, see ttii. 

nigadi, nigade, see 

nigadi, J 
nigapuni, see 

nigama, s. The V 
2. a fair. 

?:* nig-ayinenu, j. A cord 
or rope for fastening a buoy. 

nigaru, sec ?2X5. 
>rtsrt nigarige, 

, nigaruni, see 

Rrt niara 



nigarvi, ^. An unassum- 
ing, modest person. adj. 
Unassuming, modest. 
\z& nigavu, jr. A buoy. 
,?? nigasu, J. Food-, victuals. 
2. disregard, disdain. 

nigalu, J#? t3xf . 

niglsu, s. Glitter, shining. 

s^)?j nigipavuni, . t'. (of &t\ 
To cause to level. 
nigipuni (>V), z 1 . a. To 
level. 2.,? o?\5gis>. 

nigiyuni (a*), w. . To 
be levelled. 2. to be filled 
up, as a pit. 

> niguruni, see 
ff , %f\3 nig-gu, nig-gira, J. In- 
elegance. 2. filthiness, nasti- 
ness. 3. disgust, adj. Un- 
pleasant, filthy. craoSo a filthy 
man. zks^a to make foul, 
render filthy. 

/ nig-glsy, s. An unclean 
man; also 

Fullness, completeness. W/. 
Full, complete. 
l nigra, see s?\rf. 

y A 

^3o nigraha, J. Punishment. 
2. killing; /jr^ ^7\tl3o. _T!) 
v t)^ to punish; to kill. 
i> nigruni, see fSXtfos. 

c '& , ^ ^ o eJ o nighantu, nighan- 
tu, s. A dictionary, vocabu- 
lary, glossary. 

}:s nicca, sec f^. 
^^j niccaya, see stf orfo. 
^ ^ niccala. see &$ e>. 

Ic- W 

ifci nija, J. Condition, circum- 
stances in life. adj. Own. 
"cbs, one's own #r natural 
form. 4/3>c3-> $2i 3^0,$ to un- 
derstand a man's disposition 
of character. 

>fcj ni]a, J. Truth, veracity, cer- 
tainty, reality. adj. True, 
certain, sure, real. 1?5, s 
s^5 truly, certainly. a^ 
certainty. crao uncertain, 
unreliable. sraftf a true 
word <;r statement, a fact. 
StfOjS to ascertain the truth. 
?> to prove. 

nijikatruni, nijikavuni, nijkavu- 

> \ _J^ ' ' r i^' ' 

To grin ; #/<? tfjoax>&vc!>. 
^o> nijikuni (^32^), z-. w. To 
appear, seem. 

23 nijji, s. The gums. ^>3 


a toothless mouth. 

13s; nitila, s. The forehead. 
2J, nitta, s. Pleasure, adj. 


Pleasant. 2. ^rf\. 

1 nittanige, s. A ladder. 


2. a pile, heap. 3. a row, line. 
4. the name of a village. 

j, L\P.d nittura, nittura, 
see. C'M^- 

Jo pjc* nittusuru, ^. A deep 
sigh; loud sobbing. 


33 G 


- nittelu, s. The bip, loins, 

' t ' 

waist. 2. the bosom. 

$So3o^ nidankuni (s^=^), v.n. 
To incline; cf. ~o^>s. 

$a nidi, adj. Straight, high, 
lofty. ^^ a lfty stone, 
an erect stone. odoS ( 55S ) 
rice not broken by pounding. 

3 nidipa, -w* &~y 

:,:>>, S^ nidiyuni, nidi- 
pini (-"^), ' # To wash. 
8_ to wash the face. 

^o nidu, adj. Long, tall, high. 

f)^Jo:j6 nidumbare, J. Barracks; 

also SK^OEOOTl 

$32o sj niduppa, s. Tallness, 
lenth. 2. see sa 



ditaru, nidyaru, nidyedi, ^. A 

kind of small fish. 
^Ti nidpa, see s^. 
^rl nine, J^ ^^ 

. nitamba, J." The buttocks. 

2. a mountain side. 
oori niting-a, f?/ Strong, bard. 

2. serious, dangerous. ^c^o 

a serious illness. 
00^ nitinja, sec ?;:-. 
i^s tf nittelu, m- Bj5. 

nitya, '/<//'. Eternal, con- 

stant, perpetual, everlasting. 

2. daily, regular. s'saF daily 
penses. 5^or daily cere- 

monies. ^afo daily obser- 

vance. 3e^ eternal life. c3 

ioS^ daily and occasional. 

nityatva, s. Eternity. 
^ nityatme, J. The eter- 
nal Spirit, God. 
^SorfoCo nityananda, s. Ever- 

lasting happiness. 
^e>o>:so nityanitya, s. Eternal 
and temporal. 

nitrana, s. Weakness, 


debility. aJj. Weak, faint. 

a weak man. 
j^ nidupuduni, see ^^ 

nidarsana, s. An ex- 
ample, illustration, evidence, 

nidana, -r. Ascertaining 
the cause; the study of symp- 
toms with a view to trace the 
remote or proximate causes, 
as of a disease. 2. a work 
on pathology. 3. J 

> nidi, see &5>. 

> niddhi,^. Abundance, plenty. 


-LaoLrs) to prosper. 

nidpa, adj. Straight, up- 
right. erect, a Jr. Straightly, 
erectly. roc&is to stand 

ky3o nidpuduni (^^ s ), <' a. 
To erect, set up, stay. 2. see 

nidre, s. Sleep, drowsiness. 

sleepy man- zi&^s, wLr?> to 
become drowsy. ^^ 




S^ nidredpini (a^S), v. n. 
To sleep, be asleep; to go to 

nidhana, s. Caution, deli- 
beration, calmness, quietness. 
2. slowness, clilatoriness. adj. 
Cautious, deliberate. 2. calm, 
quiet. 3. slow, dilatory. e? 
e3js?^j3 a careful considera- 
tion, deliberate judgment. 
Xoro quiet disposition. tt^ 
slow motion. s^As^o care- 
fully, quietly, slowly. 

To consider, examine care- 

nidhara, see s^rd. 
idhi, s. Concealed or buried 
treasure. 2. a receptacle, 
place of accumulation. $ 
tfo4 an opulent man. 
3 nina, s. The serum of the 
flesh. 2. the marrow of the 

tf nina, pro. (gen. of <?) Thy. 
SN^JA by or of thyself. s>^4, 
$3^3) thine. 

nine, s. A wick. 2. a very 
young fruit. 

ninepu, see 33& 
ninosa (&3 ^), Thy care 
or charge. 

nipatu, s. Ruin. 
334>^ nipata, s. Falling, coming 
clown, alighting, adj. Irre- 
gularly formed, gram. 
tJobo interjection. 

nipuna, <^^/'. Clever, skill- 
ful, conversant. ^ skill, 
proficiency in any art, etc. 
5rf nipune, .s 1 . A clever man. 
3)i niputre, J. A sonless man. 

OO$^ nibandhane, s. Order, 
mandate. 2. appointment, 

nibasuni, nibhasuni, nibhayisu- 
ni, V. a. (SKTOOJ, ^sp^oJ, ^epra 
oaooJ), To bear, endure. 2. to 
manage, sustain. 

rs nibbana, ^^ oa^ro. 

^f! nibhdvane, s. Endu- 
rance, toleration. 2. under- 
taking, sustaining. 

nimaji,.?. A Mussulman's 
ritual or form of prayer. 

^, ^3 nimita, ni- 
mitta, nimitya, s. Cause, rea- 
son. 2. object, motive, pur- 
pose. 3. consulting stars, an 
omen, or fate-book. postp. 
For, on account of. 
result of soothsaying. c 
an astrologer, soothsayer. 
_ 3j8&$ to consult stars 0r a 

nimisha, .y. The twinkling 
of an eye, a second, instant, 


To become straight. 

niyatu, s. Restraining 
the natural appetites and 
passions; good morals or 




niyata, adj. Checked, 
restrained, as the natural 
appetites and passions. 

niyama, s. An agreement, 
contract, engagement. 2. a 
religious observance in gene- 
ral; voluntary penance. 3. a 
rule, law; cf. c3?^o. 

niyukta, adj. Appointed, 
ordered. 2. attached to. 

niyoga, s. An order, 
command. 2. authority, ap- 
pointment. 3. occupation, 

3JS?ft35) niydgipuni (s=S.s??.), 
T-. . To order, command. 2. 
to authorize, appoint. 
*, *;* niru, nisu, prefixes 
implying Certainty. 2. nega- 
tion, want. 3. out, without; 
as: stfziTO^ innocence ; sjs?rj^ 
blamelessness; s^'cgs^ child- 
less ; s^c5o undoubted. 
ofc;^ niranjana, #<//. Immacu- 
late, pure, spotless. 2. ab- 
sorbed in. oS^ &3c^3 
God, the immaculate one. 

nirantara, adj. Continued, 
continuous, perpetual. 2. 
unimpeded, constant, adr. 
Ever, always, generally, fre- 

niraku, s. Current or fixed 
price. 2. assize 0r tariff. 

niradi, j^ ?^u. 

oD niraparidha, J. Inno- 

niraparddhi, s. An 
innocent person, adj. Inno- 
cent, not guilty. 
3S nirapu. .?. A' frame of 
boards, fitted with planks, as 
a shutter or a door. r^. 

niravu, s. The anus: 
?d nirasa, s. AVant of flavour 
or passion. 2. dryness, want 
of juice, adj. Insipid, tasteless. 
3oo : oDd nirahankara, s. Ab- 
sence of pride, humility, 
modesty. S^SOCTOB a modest 
person, one without egotism. 
D^&^a, ^c?^3^o^ nirakari- 
puni, nirakarisuni (s-^5t- 
#8c3), 7-. . To transgress, 
disobey, disregard. 2. to re- 
ject, set aside, refuse, decline. 
'S^^O nirakara, s. Shapeless- 
ness, absence of form. '2. 
censure. 3. denial, negation. 
adj. Shapeless, formless. S 1 ^ 
i&8 God, who has no mate- 
rial form. 

nirakhu, sec a^SF. 
?t3 niraji, .^. A kind of cloth 
with gold borders, 
^o^niratanka, adj. Uninter- 
rupted, unmolested. 
T3q3e)3 niradhara, adj. Unsup- 
ported, unstistained. 2. poor, 
destitute, a^^s a destitute 

>> nirani, J. A kind of erup- 
tion on tho skin, ei'xema. 

niraparadhi, sec ^zJ 




^j nirimaya, adj. Well, 
hale, free from sickness. 

-D< nirayasa, '^//. Easy, 

os>o3ooqj nirayudha, adj. Unarm- 
ed, defenceless. 

nirara, see 
uiravu, see &33- 2. 
l nirase, s. Despair, des- 
pondency. 2. disappointment. 
_ i?L> to be disappointed. 
'i to despair. 
nirasraya, #<//. Without 
refuge, asylum or support; 
helpless, destitute. 
k nirasi, see &=*>. 

nirahara, ^. Fasting. 


nirakshepane, adj. Unquestion- 
able, unobjectionable. 



7 1 . . To hope, desire, look for, 

0^ nirlkshe, s. Hope, expec- 

tation, waiting. 
Dcd%eft nirudyogi, s. A man 

without employment, a lazy 


O^Cj niruddha, adj. Obstructed. 
wJ3S nirupa, s. A letter, epistle, 

representation in writing. 
3 nire, s. Neighbourhood ; also 

S-SST?. adj. Neighbouring, 

adjoining. _r??ao^ a bad 

neighbour. gsoSo a neigh- 


) nrepu, see 

^65;* nirelu, ^. A shadow, resem- 
blance. 2. shade, shelter. 

)6^i nirevuni (&3), ?>. n. To 
be ready; cf. ?354S>- 

^6JS?r\ nirogi, 5. A man who is 
free from sickness, a healthy 

6j?q}nirodha, s. Loss, destruc- 

^jurccl nirkande, 5-. A soft root. 

raF^, nirkakke, s. The sea-gull. 


^^Fcl nirkane, s. A small branch 
of bamboo. 

^^rjoo nirkanya, s. A water- 

>uwFoeJ nirkunta, s. A post 
fixed in water. 

^-Fo'sJo nirkuntu, see ^e^orowo. 

^^JF^^J^ nirkujeluni (s^oraS), 
f. . To curdle, coagulate. 

^irOF^ nirkutta, ^. Dropsy. 

^^OF^ nirkutti, s. The post of a 

$^JF;3 nirkuve, s. A kind of 

nirgu, see ^Aor^. 

rlroqi nirgandha, #;//. Inodo- 
rous, without smell. 

rtFdo nirgama, s. Setting out, 
exit. 2. total loss or depar- 

rfoFr3 nirguna, adj. Void of all 
properties. 2. destitute of the 
qualities incident to humani- 
ty. 3. having no good quali- 
ties, bad, worthless. 




~Z nirjana, adj. Lonely, un- 
inhabited. ^j^e^, Qxzi a 
deserted country. 

fc!Fej nirjala, adj. Waterless. 
. : ~sj nirjlva, 0^'. Lifele 
inanimate. 2. weak, help- 
less. 3. inactive, lazy. ftc!?ra 
a dead body. 

^rs^oio nirnaya, s. Resolution, 
determination. 2. certainty, 
positive conclusion. 3. settle- 
ment, final arrangement. 
_ -do^a to resolve, settle, 

r3FcEo;oj> nirnayisuni (faperow 
oJ), '. a. To resolve, decide, 

aF nirta, -^ ^r. 

jo nirdaya, s, Unkindness. 
nirdakshinya, s. Dis- 


regard, want of attention. 
2. severity, strictness. 
z3ja?r3Sl nirdosha, s. Blameless- 
ness, innocence. 2. freedom 
from blemish, adj. Innocent, i 
sinless. 2. unblemished. 
jrsrd nirdhara, s. Certainty. 
ascertainment. 2. determina- 
tion, resolution, 
^srsj^nirnama, s. Extirpation, 

nirnayi, s. An otter. 

nirnala, s. The sixth 
Tulu month between Sep- 
tember and October. 

> nirnali, s. A water-spout, i 

nirnirelu, .see d?5z>i3<5. 

nirpattu, adj. Moist, wet. 
2. diluted. 35 diluted milk. 
e^Foi^^ nirbandha, nir- 
bandhana, s. Violence, oppres- 
sion, force, constraint. ^o 
^"j to constrain, or oppress. 
a nirbuddhi, JT. Foolish- 

^c3~ nirbe, nirbhe, ^. A 
kind of oblation given to a 
priest. i^ya to prepare. 
^t^FOJo, ^^^Fe, nirbhaya, nir- 
bhiti, ^. Fearlessness. (//'. 
Fearless, undaunted. 
OFCJ nirmade, adj. Uncovered. 
sl>Fe;nirinala, s. Parity, clean- 
liness, adj. Pure, transpa- 
rent, pellucid, clear. 

r? nirmaaa, s. Creation, 
manufacture, production, in- 
vention. rfo^s to create. 
produce, invent. 

nirmita, adj. Made, in- 
vented. 2. fabricated. 3. 
artificial. sS^s to produce, 

oi nirmisuni (^^~oJ),t r .(/. 
To create, produce. 2. to 
manufacture, invent. 3. to 

nirmune, .v. An appa- 
ratus for watering a field. 
adj. Blunt. 

jo^docri^ nirmurungele, ^. An 
arrogant man. 

^Ow?-F^)nirmula, s. Kxtirpntion, 
eradication. 3or^s to ex- 
tirpate, eradicate. 






nirmoha, s. Want of 
affection or love. 

&)Fr3 niryana, s. Death, 
demise; final beatitude. 

nirlajje, s. Impudence, 

35F& nirlepi, adj. Undefiled, 
untainted. 2. innocent, 

s3 $ nirvancane, s. Sincerity, 

F2on!o nirvahisuni (S^FCOOJ), 
v. a. To manage, transact, 
sustain, effect. 

3>F3o nirvaka, nirva- 
ha, s. Management, power or 
ability to perform, execute, 
sustain, etc. ; also sasr. _croo<f 
without power to manage, 
etc.\ unavoidably. 
TSFra nirvana, s. Nakedness. 
2. reunion of the soul with 
the deity, final beatitude. 
33Frf, >)FS3Dd nirvada, nirvi- 
vada, adj. Undisputed, un- 
questionable, unobjection- 

nirvisha, s. An antidote 
for poison. 2. the plant Cu r- 
cuma ferumbet. 
SF nirve, see S3r. 
S^rd nirveda, s. Humility. 2. 
despair. 3. weariness. 4. see 

nrsan, see ~a3S>- 
nila, see ?-% 

nilam, s. Ballast. 2. the 
bottom of a vessel. 

nilankara, s. Disfigure- 
ment. 2. ruin. 

nilakara, see 3vtt. 

nilakaru, s. Stretching. 
3^s&d to stretch out the 
forelegs, to scrape along the 

nilagade, 5 1 . Settlement, 
adjustment, conclusion, de- 
termination. 2. cessation, 

nilavu, nilavu, see 
2. see 

nilike, nillke, adj. 
Full, replete. 

nilipuni, see ej^. 

iluvangi, s. A long coat. 
3 nile, s. The bottom, as of a 
well, etc.\ depth, profundity. 
2. a secret, mystery, adj. 
Firm, fast, abiding. 2. quiet, 
still, calm. e?rfo^ to be 
firm, steadfast. GP&S to be 
c$ nilenci, see ?Se3o8l. 

nileppu, s. State. 2. pos- 
ture, station. 

nilevu, J. Balance, arrears. 
2. standing, residence. 

nilevuni (s3), w. . To 
be steadfast. 

nilkavuni, c. v. (of , 
?>) To cause to peep. 2. to 
cause to reach. 

nilkuni ( d ), y. . To 
peep, look slily, get a glimpse 
of. 2. to reach. 





, nilke, sec &<s3. 
d nilgade, see 

nilpu, s. A pause, stop, 
interruption. 2. stay, dura- 

nilpuduni, c.i\ (of & 
To put a stop, cause 
to stop, make stand. 

nilpuni (), r. . To 
stay. 2. to cease; to become 

nillavuni, see ^43. 
3F?3 nivartane, 5-. Cessation. 
2. remission, forgiveness. 

nivaji, nivadi, see 

nivarane, J. A remedy. 
2. averting. 3. deliverance. 
4. prevention. 

nivasa, $. A habitation, 
dwelling. [tant. 

-: nivasi, s. A citizen, inhabi- 
nivali, s. Taking away 
the effects of evil eyes. 

is$3^, 5>S33$?kc> nivalipuni, 
nivalisuni (^SD*, ^SD^CJ), i'. a. 
To take away the effects of 
evil eyes. 

iL ni vrutti, j. Cessation. 2. 
abandoning. 3. repose, rest. 
nivedana, s. An offering. 
2. an address. 3. informing. 
! nisa, s. Inebriation, intoxi- 
cation. 33j8?"3 an inebriate 

nisacare, s. A fiend, 
goblin. 2. a night-walker. 

nisani, nisane, 5 1 . 
A mark, sign. 2. a flag, 
standard, banner, 
nisi, ^^ $. 

niiln, ^'. Together with, 

nisudi, ^. A bill of acquit- 

nise, j. Night, midnight. 
!,3^F niskarsha, ^^ $z^r. 
o^j niscaya, ^. Certainty, as- 


certainment, positive conclu- 
sion. 2. resolution, determi- 
nation. gsoeos^a present of 
betel, fc., at the settlement of 
a marriage. cs^ uncertain, 
-rfj^s. a^ososjjs to resolve, 
settle, determine; to ascer- 
tain. --rfof^sLra to prove. 
> ^> niscala, J. Firmness stabi- 
lity, adj. Firm, steady, fixed. 
oi niscinte, ^. Ease, freedom 


from care or anxiety. 
^ niscita, adj. Determined, 

^ nistika, see s**^.- 
leo nissabda, rt^/. Noiseless, 
still, quiet. 

nishiddha, adj. Prohibited, 

nishedha, s. Negation, 
prohibition. 2. the negative 
mood, gram. 
slriy nishkapata, s. Sincerity. 


adj. Frank, sincere. 
3l Cors nishkaruna, adj. Pitiless, 
cruel, harsh. 




3lslr, sLiF nishkarsha, ni- 
shkarshe, s. Determination, 
settlement. 2. certainty. 

3^00*, ^3l^os s nishkalanku, 
nishkalanku, adj. Irreproach- 
able, spotless, unblemished. 
nishtura, nishtura, 


adj. Cruel, harsh, severe, s. 

Harshness, severity. 
>3^ o3J3?fc}^ nishprayojana, s. 

Uselessness. adj. Useless, 

vain, bootless. 
3lsj nishphala, adj. Fruitless, 

^rlr nisarga, s. The natural 

?7s5> nisani, see s^s. 

rOgOS^ nistaripuni (^&), v. a. 

To endure, bear, sustain. 2. 

to cross or pass over. 
roJe^ nistuka, adj. Critical, 

serious, as the turn of a 

xjori nissanga, s. Separation. 

2. seclusion, retirement. '3. 


nissangi, s. A man who 


mortifies himself to the world, 
a recluse. 

OjOSsiN nissantana, adj. Child- 
less, issueless, heirless. s? 
2^ to die childless; to be 
ruined, annihilated. 
0^30, ^osJoJo nissandeha, 
nissamsaya, s. Confidence, adj. 

nissara, s. Worthlessness. 
adj. Sapless, pithless, dry; 

worthless. fc>o unfertile, 
barren land. 

nissuni, see 3o35^a. 
oJo nikshaya, see s^cdo. 

nikshepa, s. Hidden or 
buried treasure. 2. a deposit. 
oC3^y nindata, s. Swimming. 
2. floating. 

)> nlndavuni, c. v. (of eo 

To set afloat. 2. to 
cause to swim. 

nlnduni (s>?c>) 5 <v. n. To 
swim. 2. to float. 
^^oJoo^j nlkaliyuni (e^*), v.a. 
To peep. 

^^5e)^i^ nikavuni, c. v. (of $tfj&) 
To grin. ^jaC to show the 
teeth, as dogs, monkeys. 

^^0^1 nlkuni ($e^), v. n. To 
appear, as the projecting 

^rto) niguni, see fSA^os). 

^^ mca, adj. Mean, low, base, 
vile, abject. &s low caste. 
_ ^ } _ @ meanness, baseness, 
vulgarity. tfrfjs5> a mean 
man. sra^d a mean, vulgar 

^^srsdcS nicatadane, s. A kind 
of beating. 

ci^o^) nlcuni (Se^T), v. n. To go 
through, pierce. 2. to extend; 
cf. $?orfo$. 

nice, s. A mean fellow. 2. 
a demon so called. 

nlta, <z<//. Long, extended, 
high, upright. 2. straight, 





direct. ^ r ^ > lengthwise and 

crosswise, zigzag; confound- 


lre^53 nitaniti, adv. Straight- 

ly. 2. lengthwise. 

kre>4> nitavuni, c.v. (o/z>tte> 

>) To cause to stretch, length- 

en, etc." also S>? 

eJo nltu, see $ 

N?5>), v. a. To stretch out or 
forth, hold out, lengthen. ^- 
to stretch out the hand. 
3 niti, s. Morality; righteous- 
ness, justice, equity. ^?5 
injustice, iniquity. '$&>? 
morals. cucSo, -0$ a just 
man. ^rororfo justification. 
_s3Sud a just word, moral 
saying. .1?^ moral teach- 
ing. TbtiXr the way of 
righteousness, upright con- 
duct. s^ moral philosophy, 
ethics. xfe^ essence of mora- 
lity; a treatise on ethics. 
-co?~ immoral. 

mtinga, sec aSoX. ^ e . 
u nltinja, sec &&&& under 
niru, s. Water. vtivti a 
water jar. c?^ a whale. 
-ero^,r a water bubble. -&, 

?^ furrows between a row 
of plants, etc., for watering 
them. ^cf^a a water snake. 
^ a sea-gull, shag. t?Js?B 
a water-fowl. -5<y 4 a kind 


of cake. 3e3i a species of 
yam. ^-5 a falling stream 

of water. -c^oSo a water- 
carrier. 2~ poison in 
water, miasma. F^OSO an 
otter. ~&'3<5. s>?5 perspira- 
tion ; fatigue. ^rJ a drop of 
water. s^>5, ^?c3f6 fixed 
hire for watering rice fields. 
es^x- a mode of watering rice 
fields. CA)^ salt water. <ocf_ 

W G> 

fresh water. ^ore tears. 
tforfeS ^s^s> to weep, shed 
tears, ^rfej- sea water. ^o5 
yellow water. EJ^_ cold 
water, e^tfo brackish water. 
^o3_, ^o 1 ? sweet water. 
<ie^_, i^_ clear or filtered 
water. TF& rain water fall- 
ing down from a roof. &>eo 
^o-tfo muddy water. . j3 g r 
hot water. z><>c<5 putrid 
water, ^ooso sweat ; urine. 

to leak, ooze. e?&& to melt, 
dissolve. je;o^ to water a 
rice field. ^uo a to turn the 


course of water on a land. 
_^^s>, ^JBQ^SI water to boil. 
^.:.?^j^ to water. tf^^os 
water to be very hot. ^S 
to squirt, spirt. Xo 
si water to run down. ^5 
to sprinkle water. 

^<s>odoo^ water to be- 
come clear. 3?^S to water. 
_ oeLa /?'/. to lay water; 
c. (tut. to involve one in diffi- 
culties; to ruin. zto^fc 
water to flow. -3oUos> water 




to wring out. -sc^s water 
to dry up. 200^$ to irrigate 
or water, as a field. T^A^S, 
-rfj?^S), -S>^ to draw water 
from a well or tank. 3o4 
a to pour water. fringe, 
nlrande, s. A small sy- 

nirakolambe, s. The 
damp or swampy ground. 

nlragulle, s. A bubble, 
niraja, s. A lotus. 

, >ed& nirata, niradi, s. A 
water plant, Pistia stratio- 
tes ; also sso^dXc^. 

mrasuli, s. A whirlpool. 
ds? nlrale, .y. Butter-milk dilut- 
ed with water. 

0s>y nirata, s. Bathing for 
sport. 2. see Setiu. 

mruppadu, s. Green 
fruits pickled in salt-water, 
nlrulli, s. Onions. 

nirkunta, see a^orou. 
nirkuntu, s. Water- 
proof cloth. 2. a small piece 
of cloth put on in mourning. 
^or^ nirkutta, s. Dropsy. 
croc5o a man suffering from 

^6^ nlrnirelu, 5-. Water 
poured on a corpse, a funeral 
ceremony. j^in. 

3jrkj* mrpatu, adj. Watery, 
^^ nirpalu, see under e5. 
nirmuttu s. An in- 
ferior kind of pearl. 
>s; nila, s. Blue colour. 2. the 

sapphire ; also se^^. 3. see 
$?. adj. Blue, dark blue. 
_eoof, _ -rfrep- blue colour. 
>tfo nllakauthe, s. The blue 
necked Siva. 2. a peacock. 
^r\S nllagiri, s. A blue 
mountain; the Nilagiris. 

nllanjana, s. Blue vit- 
riol. 2. a small lamp. 

mli, s. The indigo plant. 
2. blue colour. rfy& to mock 
at. zi^a to become blue. 

nfle, ^. One of the monkey 
chiefs. 2. the planet Saturn. 
&8& a dark 0r black fowl. 

nunga, J^ ^OOAO. 

nungavuni, c - ? (of 
jiooXo^) To get dried, cause 
to dry. 

^crtjimngu,.* 1 . A species of mite, 
tick, which infests cattle. 

fliorio^nunguni (^CA), v.a.&n. 
To dry up, become dried; 
also crfooAOdj^eLs). 

cfcorts* nungelu, s. Drying, adj. 
Dry, dried. ^ooUj a dry 
cloth. -3js$ dry fish, salted 
fish. c?w dry ground. 

^^odo'5) nukuduni, see c&XozSos. 

jdo^a nukkuni (*>^), v.a. To 
bruise; t/. ^o5^^. y.n. To 
decay, rot. 

nugudi, see 
nuga, s. A yoke. 
! nugate, see 

si cl nugapane, j. The joint- 
piece of a watering machine. 




nugipuni (~-^, ?.a. To 
fill up, as a pit. 

nugiyuni (^), <'. . 
To be filled up. 

nuguduni (oXo5), r. w. 
To labour. 2. to become 
rich; cf. 5*0X0^0$. 

nugute, 5-. A dot over a 
letter, as in Persian. 2. 

rk33) nugupuni (0X0), 7'. 0. 
To throng, press. 2. to ac- 
cumulate. 3. to loosen. 4. 
to fill up; cf, 

To loosen, slacken, make 

AOwOJ^i nuggiyuni (^ 0? ) N ), #. 
To press, r. w. To be filled 

nuggu, flfl^'. Small, little; 


nuggelu, s. Smallness. 



nucci, nuccu, see cS . 

cr to- 

^, cJJ^ nujji, nujju, s, A 
contusion, bruise. 

nudi, 5. A word, speech, 
saying. tfOj an oracle, 
as uttered by a demon-dancer. 
obrfj&x- the counter-part of 
a deed or document. ^& 
conduct and speech. 
a33e>4^ nudipavuni, c. r/. (of 
^oa^S)) To cause to speak, 
speak through another. 2. to 
play on a musical instrument. 

nudipini (s^), t f . a. To 
speak, talk. 

nudiyuni (^^), i 1 . . 
To pronounce, utter. 
c^i nuppu, s. Boiled rice. 

uppuni (>^\), ^ . ^- To 



nubbu, a^'. Mouldy, 
musty. &eXa ?je^>O3o musty 
split dholl. 

nurige, s. The drum-stick 
tree, Hyperantliera moringa. 
Oio* nuritelu, J. Bruising. 
2. chips. 

nuripavuni, ^. v. (of 
To cause to crush. 2. to 
press into a hole. 

nuripuni (^5), "'. . To 
break, powder, granulate, 

.^ nuriyuui (~^&), r. w. To 
break, go to pieces. 2. to 
decay; also ^o&5^) ? ^. 
a broken heart. 
nuruntuni, ^' 

nurumpe, J. A hole; cf. 
XocsSr. _^;^o?) to make a 

CooWO nurumbu, s. Alluvium; 
wood-dust; iron-rust. r$. 
nurumb.uni, see uooaw 
nurunuru, s. A crack- 
ing noise; cf. jitfoXj^c. 
nure, s. Foam, froth, scum. 
a small kind of fish, 

-'. . t nure 



to vomit froth. 3oo 
to foam, froth. 

nurekayi, s. The soap- 
nut, Sapindus cinarginatus. 
nurka, adv. Suddenly. 

nurkallu, s. A kind of 
pebbles found in rice. 
T&F> nurkuni (^^ fr ), " a. To 
press on. 2. to elbow, push, 
make way. 

rtaF> nurguni (oKr), y.n. To 
pass over. 2. to sprain. 3. 
to decay; also eiiXoFda^fceS)?*. 
rir nurge, J^ o&*. 
3Fori nurtinge, s. A malicious 
or spiteful man. 
l^oA nurbengi, s. A climb- 
ing shrub, Bryonia scabrella. 
iFS' nurtelu, ^^ ^osi^. 

^FCiiJl nurpuni, nur- 
puduni, see 08451. 
sxi^ nurluni (^^F), v. a. To 
wind up, fold, shrink. 
null, ^. A bit, fragment. 

SaJoj^ nuliyuni (?k), ^'. w. 
To be broken, shattered, 
nusulu, ^ 
nungu, J 

nukataka, ^. Fighting, 
nukuni (NJS^), ^. a. To 
thrust, push. 2. to reject. 
Jieji;wj^ nutavuni (^&ra), ^. . 
To show. 

Jlsfd nutana, at//'. Fresh, new, 
recent, s. Newness, freshness. 
j3j nutra, a^'. All. 2. a 

nudane, a/w. adj. The 

nudu, num. A hundred. 

nunate, see ^3. 
nupuni (^), v. a. To 
spin, twist, string. 

nupura, s. An ornament 
of the leg, foot-ring. 

nuruni (5*5), p. . To 
creep in, enter with diffi- 

le;0 nulu, J. Thread, yarn. 
cdo fine thread. ?icre thin 
or short thread. ?;e^ to 
spin. ^ocrfoa to spool. ?ii 
;^?> to twist thread. 
J5dJ3Co nulodu, J. A spindle. 
33 nrupe, ^. A king, sovereign. 
^SJ^^N a royal throne. 

, ^^, nrutta, nrutya, j. A 
dance; dancing. 
otf (-oioT^) nenge (-enge), 
postp. Till, until, as long 
as. sic till one comes. 
- till it is done. 

nentastige, J. Relation- 
3 nente, s. A relation. 

nempu, ^^ ~^^- 
, cS^ neka, nekku, (contrac- 
tion of ^cf^) To or for this. 
^,6, ^=5^,0* nekkare, nekkaru, 
s. The plant Melastoma 
malabathrica. c2e> a kind 
of grass. 

tk nekki, ^. Five leaved chaste 
tree, Vitextrifolia. ^Q Vitex 




undo. &;:::?, ao Clcro- 
diH.iniut inci'mc. ^~\ its 
leaves, used by Koragar 
women for clothing, and by 
some other castes for certain 
-3-,o s 3id nekkilupadpe, s. A 

T3" oJ 

variety of Ainarantits. 
negada, adv. Near. 

r!&, ^rizl negadi, negade, ^. 
Cold in the head, catarrh. 
-3^ a to catch cold. 
ris^ negattu, s. Overflowing, 
running over. 

rto^^i negapuni (NA), v. n. To 
overflow, run over. 2. to 
ooze. 3. to perspire. 
riu* negaru, ^. Loitering, 
lingering, as a sick person. 
2. a sea-animal, the vehicle of 
Varuna. 3. a whirlpool, ed- 
dy. ^^z to be caught in 
a current. 

negarige, ^. -Lingering. 
negaruni (c5*6), 7-. . To 
linger, loiter. 2. to procrasti- 

aegavu, see $X;& 

^rtv* negalu, J. An alligator, 
crocodile. 2. .?<? 3X5. 

f5i c \ negi, J^ w?^ 
- ; . negipuni 
leap, jump, spring up. 2.^^ 

13 ^jJo $ to sew 


,. negiyuni (c57.), :-. . To 
rise, come up. 



o, negilumullu, 5 

neggi, J. Shyness; shame, 

c^, rt neggi, neggya, a/. 

Full, complete. 
cSfcy. nettu, (tfWr. o/ c\)=S) In 

this, herein. 
^iiri nettage, adj. Straight, up- 

right. adv. Straightly; pro- 


fSiJ.'v^ nettalige, s. The ground- 


floor of a storied house. 

i3S3. netti, see e5S . 

sJo, nettu, J 1 . A deep breath. 
nettelu, j^ &f>- 
nedanku, ^^ ^js^c^. 

nedankuni, see r^c^o^. 
nedi, adj. Long; <:/". a. 
^.??au a long stick, pole. 
^^, ?5^^j;;^ nedipini, nedipuni, 

2. j 

nedilu, ^. A kind of bush. 
neddu (^3r. ^/" ^=-5^), 
From this, herefrom. 

^ nedpuni, see 3&^. 
l nene, sec ?->. 2.jr^ ^f3. 

netta, (Wr. a/rsic^) Of this. 
p netti, .?. The forehead; the 
crown of the head. 2. the 
front, vertex. 3. a whirlpool. 
4. cracking the fingers. 5. the 
tender stalk of fragrant screw- 
pine. Frrtj top. vertex. T( 
&.a to crack the fingers. o 
sjrs to make the fingers 

c3 A. netti 



nettlkande, s. Dysen- 

nette, .?#? ^o^; /" 3^. 
0* netteru, ^. Blood. tftfr^S 
clotted blood. ^ ^jstfe;, ti 
^s?^o^ a stream of blood. rfo 
&>ctf consanguinity. S98odx>$ 
to bleed. AOS^S to shed blood. 
_ a^a blood to run out. ^3o 
e>oi to menstruate. &&& to 
have bloody stools. 
fsi nedupa, $#? s>^. 
nede, s^ $^j- 
nenapu, ^^ ^c34- 

nenavarike, see c2^8^. 

F3(3^^ nenetonuni, 
nenepini, J^ N^4^. 

nenepu, s - Thought, inten- 
tion. 2. remembrance, recol- 
lection, memory. cSocT? $3$ 
I do not remember. 3> 
s> to remind, bring to re- 
collection. rfo^s to remem- 
ber, recollect. 

nenepuni (3c2), v.n. To 
think, imagine, mind, reflect, 
intend. 2. to recollect, re- 

SsJOri nenevarige, s. Kemem- 
brance, recollection; recogni- 
J nepa, see 33$. 

neyama, see ^cdo^o. 2. 
see ?2?^o- 

neyi, s. Clarified butter, 
ghee; grease, fat. 

neyigare, s. A weaver. 


neyige, s. Weaving. 2. 

neyipini (Norfj), if. a. To 
weave, plait, braid. 

nayipanti, s. A smooth 
kind of grass, soft straw. 

neyimuli, J. Soft grass, 
neyime, adj. Fine. ^ooyo 
a fine cloth. 

s* neyilu, j. A peacock. 
)Jex>> neyiluni (j3c>so), -v. n, To 
fade, as a bunch of cocoa- 
nut. 2. see >;w$. 
3j^ neyisre, J. A cloth used 
for cleaning an oilmill. 
Jjo^ neyuni (^-^), v. a. To 
weave, as a spider. 

neyya, ^e? c%jo. p eaf> 
So neyyoli, ^. A tender palm- 
nera, see &3. 

nerade, s. Abuse, bad 
language ; nickname. c$ SJD 
^rf abusive language, 
nerapu, ^^ $^- 

neravanige, J^ ^o-drf^. 
d^) neravu, ^. The privities of 
the male sex. 

neri, s. A fold or gather in 
clothes, wrinkle, crease ; also 
$%. _crooS?roG3o an upright 
man. 3^$ to gather into 
folds. ^otfo^ to fold; to 

ol s o>, ^64?> neriyuni, nere- 
vuni (J3e, ^), t. . To be full. 
2. to assemble. 3. to be at- 
tached. 4. to be in coitu. 




$6 nere, see ssS. 

. ^5v* nerelu, nerelu, sec 
<3^F nerta, adj. Straight. 2 . true. 

adv. Straightly. 2. truly. 
jS^rdo nertama, s. Straight 


$^0 F> nertruni, see j3br. 
SsiFzS, ?SsiFr3, 3s3e>Fe3 nerpade, 

nerpani, nerpata, see cS^zf. 
333DF4?} nerpavuni, . f. (a/3^r 
s>) To cause to abuse. 

nerpini (c35), ?. a. To 
abuse, revile. 2. to give nick- 
names, [reviler. 
nerpele, s. An abuser, 
nerbe, see S^F. 

nerluni, see 
sF nerve, see ^e^S 
s*oL ? o^ neluntuni, 

nela, J. Earth, soil, floor, 
ground. 2. bottom. -^ 
the foundation of a building. 
A:?, see ^aXz. _ST^U an 
earthquake; cf. sfc^cz;. -rfjs 
<?* a ground floor, cellar, 
crocS bottomless. ^^FS 
to curse, im- precate. s^> 
to bury. 

nelakanci, s. The plant 
Naregamia alata. 
r. ^=3i55 nelakadale, j. The 
ground-nut, Arachis hypo- 

u nelakara, s. Fertility of 

'1 nelakale, s. A mark on 
the ground. 2. SL\ 

nelakaru, see 

nelakale, J 1 . Palsy affec- 
ting on one side of the body. 
j^-o^:^ nelakumbuda, s. The 


cS^cS'sS^ nelanalige, ^. A medi- 

cinal plant. 
^e;fSr,C nelanekkare, s^e f^^S. 


cS^cS nelanelli, s. Phyllanthus 


madcraspatensis, P. nintri. 
^^53"3s3 nelapale, ^. A kind of 

^O20^s3 nelabasale,^. The spread- 

ing hogweed, Bxrhavia dif- 

nelabsvu, s. A sort of 

nelamunda, s. A kind 
of fern, Curcitligo orchioides. 
sjs^^s*' nelamuccilu, s. A 
kind of medicinal plant. 

^^osJoS^nelasampayi,^. Kamp- 
feria rotunda. 
3 nele, sec r.c. 

nelenci, s. Dysentery. 
?:$ to have dysentery. 
^ nelentuni, see 
nelekale, see 

nelpuduni, f. :. (of 3 
To hang. 

nelpuni (^^), "'. . To 
be hung, suspended. 
i nelli, s. The emblic myro- 

CO ' 

balan, country gooseberry, 
Phylanthus cmblica. ^^oO 
pickle made of emblic myro- 
balan. - - : ' its dried fruit. 




rS) srsrc&nellirtaye, s. A demon 


so called. 

S^3 nevana, s. Pretence, pre- 
text, trick. 3?2ya to make 
excuses ; to pretend. 

cSsjt), fSsJv nevala, nevala, see 


fSs3?c^ nevedya, -^ ^?dg. 
F^c* nesymi, ^. Morning. do 

2^0 the morning sun. 

%& nesaru, nesalu, s. 
Seasoning. -.&&?&, _ S7>ci}$ 
to season. 

:: nesalu,.?. The forehead; cf. 
?jE>. _e:-d^) fate, fortune. 

^3, ?S?o^ nesale, nesale, s. A 
silly fellow. 2. a large, broad, 
frying pan; also s3?3e3. 
s^ nesipuni (3*), f. . To 
press down, make tight. 

e>6 nendrabare, s. The 
Malabar plantain. 

nega, ^. Beauty, nicety. 
'. Beautiful, nice, fair. 

negilu, s. Small caltrops, 
Tribulus lanuginosus. rfoo 
tfo, its thorn. 

neji, s. A nursling, young 
plant of rice, etc. rf ^crf, 
_ rf ^<s< a nursery. -c^$ to 
transplant. sratiisto sow in 
a nursery. 
!3 neti, see 3^. 

r9, ^rsonena, nenu, s. A cord, 
rope; a bow-string. 
3e)e3 netata, s. Hanging; 
swinging. 2. entanglement. 

netaduni (5?sa5), p. . 
To be pendent, to hang, swing; 
to depend. 2. to be involved 
in difficulties. 

^ netra, s. An eye. T?JS?A 



o,^ netramukkuli, J. A 
demon so called. 

netravati, s. A river 


so called, 
j nenu, J 

53s)^:!^D tf nepalaberu, s. The 
root of swallow-wort, Ascle- 
pias asthmatica. 
^^ nepini, ^<2 ?3coob?). 

nema, s. The annual fes- 
tival of a demon. 2. j^ s 
ojo^o. ^sl^S a priest seized 
with a demon. 

nemaka, s. Regulation, 
rule, law; determination, 
choice. 3. appointment, no- 
mination to a post, ^otfo^ 
to appoint, fix. 

jJoj^) nemisuni (^e^ooJ), v. a. 
To determine. 2. to appoint, 
neya, see ^orfo. 
neyi, see ^oso. 
neyige, j^ ? 
i neyuni, see 

neyisre, see 


neri, see as. 

^c^, FS^Oo^^)^^ nerinke- 
natti, nerinkepugere, s. A varie- 
ty of country tobacco. 




e, s. Straightness. 2. jus- 
tice, truth. 3. agreement. 
adj. Straight; just, true; 
even, like: thin, delicate. 

nerengi, The name of a 
village. tSttf see 3?5ctfo^. 
6j2<^o nerolu, nerolu, 
s. The newel fruit, Syzigi 
jambolanum. &io2oo_ the rose 
apple, Jambosa vulgar is, 
cfr nerde, adv. Early in the 

^r nerme, adj. Fine, thin, 
delicate. creoSo a delicate 

nela, nelangu, s. A 
hanging rope. 2. a square 
piece of white cloth tied over 
a cradle, to divert or amuse 
the baby in it. STOCKS to 
hang a rope for drying 
clothes upon \i\ fig. to make 
frequent visits. 

nelang-i, see under cSeo. 

To hang, suspend. 
> neli, see w?oo. 

nelike, s. Hanging, swing- 

e;ocJ neluni (^e<5), v. n. To 
hang, be suspended; to swing, 
vibrate. 2. to hang on, stick. 

nele, see c2?e>. 
2> nelya, adj. Great, large, ex- 
tensive. 55c?x, ^?<3cT\ a long 
coat. 3^ uncle, father's 
elder brother, husband of 

mother's elder sister. ^ 
aunt, wife of father's elder 
brother, mother's elder sister. 

^SjSo5> nevaripuni (N?^S), v.a. 
To fondle, caress. 

&^*3 nevala, s. A silver or gold 
girdle worn round the loins. 

&*&3 nevuri, s. A kind of cake. 

tS^nS nesa, s. Asthma. 

3^$ nele, see ?v. 

f& nei, ^<? woso. 

neikuli, s. The tree 

Wnghha tinctoria. 2. 

e>23 neidile, J. The water-lily. 

3j)C?o neipunya, s. Cleverness, 


ajj neiya, ^/'. Soft. ^0200 

the evening sun. 

^rfo neivedya, s. Food pre- 
sented to an idol, an oblation 
to a deity. 

neisarangu, sec 

, f2j3oCc!ri nonna, nonnage, 
adj. Soft, nice. 
s^o,^ nokkuni (^^), v. a. To 


stroll about. 

nokke, s. Sweepings, rub- 


bish. 2. the name of a woman, 
all rubbish, 
nokkele, s. A trifling 
or destitute man. 
noga, see cioX. 
nocca, sec &t3> 2. see so 

wO" ^" 





nocci, s. Rice cooked with 
ghee, cocoanut, etc. 2. see 

t2j. <^6 a leaf used for 
various ceremonies. 

noccu, -nocce, adj. 
Minute. 2. light. 3. beneath 
notice, paltry. 
3rs nonna, see NJSOOQ. 
SoSocr noyiru, s. Whiting, lady- 
fish; cf. w> & 

noradu, s. Rubbish, 
nore, see. T-JO. 
3^j nollu, .y. A kind of water- 



nompu, s. Any meritori- 
ous act of devotion. 2. a 
festival, especially the one 
observed on the 14th day of 
the 6th lunar month in honor 
of Ananta. 

ombu, s. Fasting among 
the Mohammedans; fast, pe- 
nance. cjje>o20os> to fast. 
2%v$, (&Afjd8 nokate, noko- 
te, s. The name of a tree. 

U>{?rto noku, nogu, adj. 
Small; inferior. 2. bad. 

nota, s. Sight, vision, 
view. 2. aim. 7^3 a for- 
tune-teller; one who hits 

the mark. 


telling; guess, surmise. rf3 
aiming. a?Sb$, i&ya to aim; 
to hit. s^tiOS) to watch, 
look after. 

l3-/ notice, s. Notice, inti- 

ijj notu, s. A bill of ex- 
change; a promissory note; 
a currency note. 

ni, nodavuni, v. a. To point at, 
show. 2. to rake up, stir. 

nodilu, s. c5&5. 
none, J". Saliva, spittle. 

s> nopavun, c. v. 

To cause to beat or strike. 

nopn, nopun 
(^e), v. a. To beat, strike, 
flog, knock. 2. see c3*eowLs>. 
3?s3)^rao3o, tSJS^sSsS nopunaye, 
nopele, s. A beater, striker. 
noyi, J^ j3js?a). 

To ache, pain. 

co noru, ^. Freight, fare, 
hire. 2- j^ N.oso5. ejstSosj 
fixed hire. 

3?6 nore, s. A kind of water- 
plant. 2. a kind of tare. 
3^$ to root out the tares. 
nore, s. A kind of crane. 
noli, -st' ^->3*ee3. 

0?3d nolisara, ^. A species 
of aloe, Aloe litoralis. 
noru, see Asetfo. 
nole, adj. Very sour. 
n ovu, s. Pain, ache. 2. 

nohi, s. A meritorious 
act or vow. 
nou, -adj. Naval. 

aountavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to pinch. 




^ nyuna 

nountu, s. Pinching. 

nountuni (f^-S), r-. a. 
To pinch. 

o^o nountu, s. Squeezing, 
pinching, crushing. 2. chew- 
ing, s^ to masticate, 
ruminate. ?>&& to loosen 

o^o^ nountuni (^-;, "'. tf. 
To chew. 

noumpu, $&? ^?o^. 

noumpuni (z^~), t'.a- To 
chew. 2. to entangle. 
^3 nouka, s. A ship. 
^5u, ^^"5)6 noukare, noukare, 
s. A servant. 2. a lascar. 
nouji, ^. A spear, lance, 
noutu J^ ?f3cuo. 

noutangu, ^. A weight 
equal to about three Rupees 
or one-eighth of a seer, 
noutu, see ?f9cuo. 
noudi, ^. Kubera's nine 
gems; also N^s>a. ^rarf^o 
the imaginary gem on the 
head of a serpent. 
^0 noumi, see 3ax 

.^ nouluni (s^S), ' . To 
itch, be irritated. 2. to be 

distressed, r. . To covet, 
desire eagerly. 

noulu, ^. Longing, hope; 
cf. ^0. 

nyande, s. One-sixth of a 

nyadu, s. Pain, aching. 
- cio nyaya, ^. Justice, equity, 
propriety, fitness. 2. law. 
3. logic. 4. morality. 5. 
quarrel. adj. Right, just, 
proper, reasonable. Tv3 a 
logician; a lawyer; a quar- 
relsome man. e&^, 3?^ r 
a judgment, decision, verdict. 
zzx logic; a work on law. 

) O 

?> 3 a court of justice, 


judgment seat. 3&3S, rfo 
^s to quarrel, fight, dispute. 
oT3p3 nyayadhipati, s. A 
judge, tribunal. 

nyavala, see 3&v. 
nyasa, s. Abandonment. 
2. a deposit, pledge. 3. mental 
appropriation, accompanied 
with certain prayers and 

**$ nyuna, adj. Blamable. 
2. less, deficient, defective. 
J?-N! nyunate, s. Defect, defi- 
ciency; omission. 




3j pa, The thirty-fourth letter of 

the alphabet. 
0=5* panku, s. The hair about 

the privities. 
3Jo= panka, s. A fan, pankah. 

2. mud, mire. 3. evil, sin. 
sjo^fcj pankaja, s. The lotus. 
0=3=37?" pankasij s. Sprinkling. 

pankila, adj. Muddy. 
> pankti, see t>o. 
i pankha, see Xctf. 
panga, see t>c^. 

pangada, adj. Distinct, 

apart, s. A division, part, 

portion. 2. a group. 
iori^o^j^ pangadipuni (3oXS), 

^. 0. To straddle; to place 


ioArfc^ pangidana, see STOGTM^. 
iorlopangu, <^'. Lame, cripple. 

j. A cripple. 
iorios; pangula, s. A horse of 

a silvery white colour. 2. a 


iorfoO panguli, <z^'. Soft, slip- 
pery. 2. .!' ^OAO5. oj><S'rf a 

soft word. 

!os^ panca, s. A rice field. 2. 
a breed, sort, kind. o3oz_ 
a good breed. SEX- a small 

ioz panca, adj. Five, consist- 
ing of five. -tf five, made 
of five; a pack of five, as of 

o pancakajjaya, s. An 


aggregate of five articles: 
dholl, gingely seed, jaggory, 
cocoanut and cardamoms, 
as an offering to Ganesa. 
o^So^F paricakurve, s. A wick- 
er basket or box. 

o23rl2o3o pancagajjeyi, see ^o^ 

^sa cdo. 

paricagavya, ^. Five ar- 
ticles derived from the cow: 
viz., milk, curds, ghee, urine, 
and dung, mixed together 
and drunk as a means of 
os^^o^ pancatantra, s. A popu- 


lar book of fables in five 
chapters, containing stories 
illustrative of five qualities 
necessary to kings and great 

pancatatva, see 


o^^i pancani, s. A variegated 

oe^f^^d, 3Jo2^?S^. pancanekkare, 

~o *-* 

pancanekri, J. A nettle creeper. 

o^sj^td pancapaklre, ^. A 
pauper, vagabond. 
o^sj ^paricapatre, s. The worm- 
wood plant. 

o^scracd^o* pancapandaveru, 
j. The five Pandu princes. 

pancapataka, J^ ^i 


:c panca 


pancapatre, s. A small 
metal tumbler, cup. 

paricapapi, see under 

-7T3,rs paricaprana, J. The 
five vital airs in the body. 
c^2jparicabali, s. An offering 
to the five elements. 
o-3^lJ?^ panca bh'ita, s. The five 
elements: earth, air, fire, 
water, and ether. 

paricama, adj. Fifth. 

33e>*5 paricamahapa- 
taka, .s. The five most heinous 
sins: murdering a Brah- 
man, stealing gold, drinking 
spirits, seducing the wife of 
one's spiritual preceptor, and 
associating with a person who 
has committed such sins. 3o 
'c2zl><5G7>s3^, sicijsjsL one guilty 
of these sins. 

'^^j^o* paricamaly, s. The 
local market qf a town. 
?u paricami, s. The fifth day 
of a lunar fortnight. 

pancamuihe, s. Siva 
with five faces. 

j pancamula, s. A medi- 
cine of five ingredients. 
zi ; c o r! pancaranga, ^tr 3iotirfrer. 
ozsd.^ pancaratna, ^. A poem 
of five verses. 2. five princi- 
pal gems : diamond, emerald, 
pearl, ruby, and sapphire. 
pancariyery, see t>o 

pacarengi, see * 

paricaloha, s. The five 
chief metals: gold, silver, 
copper, iron, and lead; or 
copper, brass, tin, led, and 
iron. 2. a metallic composi- 
tion., bell-metal. 

Jo^sJrtr paricavarga, s. The five 
classes of letters in the al- 
phabet from ^ to "sk. 

o^drsr pancavarna, s. Five 
colours: white, black, red, 
yellow, and green. 

o2tfS3<i?203- 6 paucavalibaccire, see 


pancavadya, .?. Five 
principal musical instru- 
ments: the lute, cymbals, 
drum, trumpet, and a kind 
of hautboy. 

3a>or! paricanga, s. An alma- 
nac. 2. the foundation of a 

pancatige, sec ^ce^osoS. 

pancatma, J. The con- 

25Do3e)C^ pancapadu, s. Dis- 
persion, scattering. 2. waste, 

:oS5l\^ pancamruta, s. The 
aggregate of five articles, 
used in bathing an idol : milk, 
curds, butter, honey, and 

23^o&o3, c!L3D03o3tf pancayi- 
ti, pancayitige, s. Arbitration. 
2. an assembly composed of 
five0r more persons to settle 
a matter by arbitration. 3o 




arbitrators. - 
to settle by arbitration. 
ccseiO pariclli, scs Tiotrw. 

paricalibascire, see 


paricaleru, see 
paricasati, .y. Pentecost. 

paricali, s. A braggart, 
talkative man. 

ozse^o*' paricaleru, s. The five 
classes of artificers: gold- 
smiths, blacksmiths, carpen- 
ters, braziers, and masons. 
2. the name of a warrior 

s3eoa,oi) paricendriya, s. The 
five organs of sense : the eye, 
ear, nose, tongue, and skin. 
tSeD* pancery, s. One-eighth 
of a maund, 3-j pounds. 

* panceiveru, see ^0^030 
under ^o^coo!!. 

pancoli, s. A very pun- 
gent kind of betel leaf. 
fci panja, s. The hand with 
fingers extended. 2. a repre- 
sentation of the same carried 
in procession at the Moharam, 
supposed to represent the 
hand of Ali. 3. the tuft of a 

fci panja, s. Scarcity. 2. 

panjara, s. A cage. 2. a 

Z33d panjara, J. A fritter. 2. 
a kiud of amulet. 

o3 panji, s. A pig, hog. 2. a 
torch. 5355 a male bamboo, 
Banibusa strict a. &}ot$o, j^ 
jjcif. -rfooolSoso, j^ rftSjs 9. 
aoso , ^??^., ^oo^ a porcu- 
pine. tftte a porpoise. ^~ 
a hand-lamp, ^s the country 


panju, j 1 . A torch. 

2^o)r panjurli, J. The name 
of a demon. 

2 parije, s. A kind of towel 
kf pantu, ^^ ~^>- 

korpini, pandijkorpini, 
see under 3i^?). 
dpanda,^. Discernment, learn- 
ing, wisdom, understanding. 
2. articles or things in gene- 

pandite, s. A learned man. 
2. a teacher. 3. a doctor, 

pandili, s. A musk-rat. 

pandonuni, see 3^$. 
pannavu (abbr. of ^ca 
J^ under irfS). 2. J^ 

crs panni, j^ ^os>. 

cfl panne, ^. A bunch of plan- 


oc|J5ri pannolige, s. A basket 

or wooden trough for draw- 

ing water. 

or?P pannya, s. A comb. 
os* pantu, ^. A trap. 
os panta, J. A purpose, vow, 




resolution. 2. a bet or wager. 
s&hz(3gti a manly resolution. 
c-or^s to be resolute. ca 
^os> to bet. &3;3$ to lose a 
wager. ZJO^AO resolutely, 
positively, purposely. 

panti, s. Grass. 2. a 
dauble nail. 

pantirengi, see z&^lo'h. 

pantura, see 3 cart. 
3 pante, s. Aline, row, range. 
_ ^otfo^ to sit in a line. ^> 
"3 the succeeding line of 
guests at a meal. 
ij?j pantoji, . A school- 
master, teacher. 
Jo pantye, s. A small lamp. 
a^> mud lamps used at an 
illumination (e^oezi). 
$ pantha, ^ 3o3. 
d<i pandade, s. Fructification, 
productiveness of a tree. adj. 

pandavuni, C.T. (oft>o 
To rock, swing, move, 
wave, shake, oscillate. 
> pandi, adj. Reserved, cau- 
tious. Srteiiss a reserved 

^Spandili, s. A kind of mouse; 
also 3r& cf. ca3. 

2j ' 

do^ panduni (-c5), v. n. To 
shake, be loose, wave, move, 
be agitated, oscillate, vibrate. 
ocja, pandrali, s. A very 
talkative man. 

oc;Lo^$Os>rf pndhuralirag-a, s. 
The name of a tune. 

panna, see 

pannambura, ^. Ambergris. 2. 
affectation, ado. 3. mystery, 
mystification. zfctfo^to make 
a mystery of anything. 
o^rt pannaga, s. A serpent- 
o?i panni, 5. Bragging, boasting. 
2. egotism, self-conceit. 3. J^ 
e?Sr. dc profession and 
practice, exhortation and ex- 
ample; advice, admonition. 

&3c$ ^e^eosS he cares neither 
for exhortation nor for exam- 
ple. ti &8 a braggart, an 
idler. ^tlxft, ^JSE^O $. _s3;f 

J &3" 

ijo^, e^ors to boast, brag. 
panniru, ^. Rose water. 
to sprinkle rose water. 
panmra, adj. Rose-scent- 
ed. Xc^ rose-cented sandal 

c3 panne, see Zc. 
rS panne, s. The cheek. 2. 
tonsure at the forehead in the 
form of a comb. 3. see ieL 
adj. Small. 2. worn-out. &s 
yo^ ^jsB; a worn-out spade. 

^ a parasol. -^-do?j the 
cheeks to fall in. -5r:jF$ to 
ornament the beard or the 
hair about the face with 
tweezers. OT?OJOO$ to be- 
come proud. 

oZoz3 pambade, J. A devil- 
dancer belonging to a low 
class of Sadras, 
j pambu, sec irf^ft- 




pamma, ^. Fraud, trick. 

parnkuni (^c^Fr), 7-. a. 
To pluck out, scratch with 
nails. [ nu t. 

ort-S ~fel pariigotte, .y- A cashew- 
lo^jr^ parncuni (~csS>), 7-. a. 
To trouble. [some man. 

szlrd parricele, s. A trouble- 
oC3*F parndu, .?. Ripeness. 2. a 
ripe fruit. 3. ripe plantains. 
adj. Ripe. 2. gray. 
ocr3F4i parndavuni, . ?'. (of 
zjorfora) To ripen. 2. to per- 

od>F) parnduni (3o5r), t/. . 
To be ripe, mature. 2. the 
hair to turn gray. 

^i parmbuni, see xia^or^. 
pakudi, J 1 . A long, narrow 
turban. n n g_ 

si ^3* pakadu, s. Seizure; fetch- 
si^ s* pakatu, adv. Only, merely, 
simply. 2. entirely, wholly. 
siitfo, a daring lie. 
siSoC^ pakapaka, adi\ Quickly; 
much, excessively. <S^>AOO$ 
to palpitate, as the heart ; to 
pant; to leap, hop. 
sj^dpakara,^. Sap, juice. 2. use, 

profit. csxys sd^-d t^aS j[t is 

good for nothing. 
si^^, =3^ pakala, pakala, ^. 

Coral, rf^e) ^^ S ^?) ^o?xo3o 


/^.having learned everything, 
he swallowed a coral (bead); 
he is a jack of all trades and 
master of none. 
!::'5)) pakEli,^. A leathern water 

bag carried on a bullock, etc. 
2. one who supplies water 
in such a manner; a water 

pakasu, see *%*> 
paklre, s. A fakir, mendi- 
pakuru, s. A rascal. 

j,, 3^^ pakka, pakkane, adv. 
Suddenly, unexpectedly. 2. 

j^, pakka, ^. Foreign, of 
another country. 2. $ ^j^. 

a foreigner. 

si 3,53 pakkale, ^. A glutton. 2. a 
small net. 3. see z5#J; ^r/.eo^d 

sj^,r3* pakkasu, j. A rafter. 


3JTje>, pakka, ^;'. Ripe, mature. 


2. fit, proper. 3. substantial, 
solid. 4. exceeding, perfect, 
complete, ^^o a consummate 
falsehood. ^^o^ a down right 
rogue. ^ejrf a clever stroke 
of business; excellent work- 
manship. Ffttelras a clever 
man. srositf a proper word; 
an apt reply. Scscoj a 
valiant soldier. 

^=5^,) pakkali, see ^. 

sj^, pakki, ^. A bird, ^ 

a kind of partridge. < 
_i>j^ kinds of fish. t 
a fortune-teller. riacxao a 
lintel, headpiece of a door 
frame. tfjseX croup, bron- 
chitis, peculiar to children. 
ris3 a hawk. 

i p 



5^ pakku, m* ^ 

^, pakke, .r- A rogue, rascal, 

cunning fellow. 2. a clever 


3, pakke, J. The side; $/". ^. 

2. a banner. ^ a rib. 

F^, pakta, ra: ~^- 

pakva, adj. Mature, ripe, 


fit, suitable, proper; cooked. 

_e?L$ to ripen, 
pagudi, a?* ssa. 
* pagumalu, ^ 3X 6 f. 
paguru, J. Cleverness, 

skill. 2. trickery, cunning. 

S.sec 3X5. 
rtei parade, ^. An ace, one in 

games, dice. ^oa^sto play 

at dice. 
5Jrtl pagate, s. Exchange, re- | 

turn ; revenge. K in ex- i 

change, instead of. K A 

like for like. [custom. 

rt> pa^adi, s. Tribute, tax, 
risj)) pagapuni (zJX), f. 0. To 

change, exchange, substitute. 
srlc* pagaru, ^. Time, turn. 2. 

making signs with the hand. 

3. hire, rent, wages. 

sjrio pajara, s. Exchange. 2. 

sjriosl; pagarata, ^. Changing, 


rtS> pagari, ^. An arrow, dart. 
Zj pagaruni (^7(S), r. n. To 

be ini'ected. 2. to shift, change 

place. 3.-.?X_ to take the 


_3-r pagarce, s^c zxs. 
pagalu, ^^ 3*. 

>, sjri^ pagala, pagala, see 


pagale, ^6' -*<? 
pagi, ^. A rent, splint, split, 
pagidi, see z^S. 

pagipuni (-' r .), v. a. To 
rend, split. 
\f^ pagipelu, see **, 

pagiyuni (^^)i '' w - To 
split, rend; to crumble, fall 
in pieces; to give way. 
i page, s. Hatred, enmity, 
malice, hostility. NB^SJ a 
foe, adversary. 3X5 anti- 
pathy, spite. i^a to en- 
tertain hatred. -rfoej^ to 
hate. 2^:1303. _ ;dcaolx>a to 
seek revenge. 

io ff pagelu, s. The day-time. 
-w^ a blue light. 
^s3 pagele, ^. A kind of harm- 
less snake. 

paggu, ^. The first Tulu 
month ; the sign Aries in the 
^& pagtelu, s. A rent, slit. 

^ pacakka, J. Plash, splash. 
_^-do$ to fall with a splash- 
ing noise. 

cN pacana, s. Cooking. -j. 
digestion. -?':?; to be di- 
gested. Tio^S) to dress 
food; to digest. 
3& pacapaca, s. Licking. _>. 
a clacking noise, adj. Little, 

i5D paca 




scanty. $?5 scanty water. 
3<^$ to lick, eat with a clack- 
ing noise. 

3"s>d pacara, s. Punishment, 
castigation. 2. a fine, penalty. 
rfotfo^ to fine; to reverence. 
pacile, s. A kind of oyster. 
paclti, s. Plight, predi- 
cament; trouble, distress. 
2. disgrace. 
pacca, .s'. An emerald, adj. 


Green. 2. fresh. t&S broad 

paccangri, see zJg 

paccakarpura, s. A 


superior kind of camphor. 
jd fo* paccatu, see seleS. 


iz^^ paccadi, J. Minced vege- 


tables, salad- 

iz3 el paccade, s. A silk cloth 
worn by males; a shawl. 

?3 j3 paccana, J^ 5i^F3. 


z3 c2-S\6 paccanekkire, j^ 3i^ 

^ TT < -^ 

paccala, s. The buttocks. 
?s OF^ paccarige, J^ sie^d. 


D^, sj^d pacciru, paccire, s. 

uO* ij 

The pulp enclosing the seed 
of a jackfruit. tforf a small 
layer of it. 

paccirengi, see t>^Qot\. 
paccila, J. A medicinal 



&^ pacclsu, ^. A kind of 


game with dice or cowries. 

2 pacce, s. Greenness, fresh- 

ness. adj. Green ; fresh ; cf. 

z3^. _ eocr green colour. 
Js=^J5d23 s paccekoralu, s. A 

kind of fragrant flower. 
is! 6oA paccerengi, ^. A kind 

of nettle, Tragia involucrata. 

pajaku, 5. A bag made of 

pajakayi, j^< 

2. j^ es 

tS pa.ji, adj. Wet, damp. 2. 
full of sap. 3. green, fresh. 
-.^a green grass, tender 
shoot, sprout. x quite raw, 
green. ^otf a tree or timber 
in a fresh state. 3oS a green 
whip-snake. ^ a green leaf. 
a-rfoa to revive, as a faded 
plant. 3^$, ^wo^ to 
grow green, become stout. 
too* pajiru, s. Grass. 
t3d pajire, (abbrev. of ^^ <sn3) 
A green <?r fresh leaf. 

& paje, ^. A mat. <^r$- 
a mat plaited with double 
leaves. SJZ;FS?_ a mat plaited 
with single leaves. ^ro 
a very small mat. 1>&^ a 
worn-out mat. tSooe^^cro'Scj 
a fine mat. t>3^p to be 
confined to bed from sick- 
ness; to be very sick. 
2^o3s223 pajemadipele, s. A 
large kind of bee. 
pajji, see * 




pajje, -y^ wsS . 

^ o3 

&* patu, #;//. Sharp, skilful, 
clever, strong. ^S a dodge. 
sj pata, m- ^- 
eJori patanga, J^ zJUjcX. 
&3, patakka, w* s&sa. 


feJcS, eJ?S patane, patane, .$. 
Reading, perusal, recitation. 
kJ3Jl}?2 patapatane, ^. A flap- 
ping or rattling sound. 
-o patala, see . 
yo"s^^ patalamu, ^. A regi- 
ment, army, battalion. ca 
o3o a soldier, sepoy. 

3o patalkodu, see ~u 

patavasuttu, ^. A kind 
of drum. 

je)o- pataki, s. A squib, crack- 
er. -ex>a^ to let off a 
cracker, to crack up; to tell 

patakila, see Z^TOOSJ. 
patate, ^^ -eofaaB. 

patani, ^. A class of 
Mohammedans. 2. .s<? so&rorf. 
?5 6 c3Do3j patanudaye, J. A 

e)^ patala, adv. Smartly, 
sharply. SOD^OS to strike 


patali, see 

patavu, see iUjoX. 

patali, ^. A buffalo with 
wide-spread horns. 2. a palan- 
quin bearer. 

3 pati, s. A rafter. 
palmyra rafter. 

S3o,*1 patinga, adj. Roguish, 
knavish. &3 roguery, kna- 
very; prodigality. 

i3ori pating-e, s. A rogue, rascal, 
knave, scoundrel. 2. a pro- 

itei)d patikara, s. Alum. 

sJ^, iiri patike, patige, s. 
Urine. [^soso. 

patilukayi, see ^ 

atelu, patele, J. 
The headman of a village. 
Jkf. pattu, s. A nest. 2. abun- 
dance. K ^(ssriis ///. to 

thrust hand into a nest; to 
divulge a secret. ^lu^rf 
abounding in thorns. ^u^si 
to build a nest. T>zfc; a 
nest to be pulled down; to be 
dispersed; a secret to be di- 

jy patta, s. A metal plate 
with astrological inscriptions, 
fastened on the forehead of 
a Brahman, to avert the 
consequences of having been 
born under an unlucky star. 
2. crowning, anointing, instal- 
lation, ordination. 3. a 
throne, office, rank. 4. title 
or appointment of office. 5. 
a deed of lease or gift, a 
grant. rf ^ixi^j a royal seal. 
zJSro^^otf anointing a king, 
or priest, coronation, ordina- 
tion. - 




to reign, rule. ^y^a, &a 
&r& to crown; to ordain. 
Ill patta, #</?'. Suddenly. 2. ^^ 

~lL-' ^^ a vow suddenly 
made when in trouble. 3 
7333$ to break suddenly. 
Ilj.osc, sSeJ.ort pattanna, pattanga, 
Bragging, boasting. s;ido>, 
_ ^of. to talk idly and 

;J.ort pattange, ^. A braggart, 

!k!,c&3 pattambara, ^. A robe 
of state. [i ace< 

',&& pattadi, s. A kind of neck- 

',^d pattade, see 3i ^. 

It- re pattana, ^. A city, town. 

i^^DjS pattadane, ^. A royal 

;elcii pattadevi, s. A queen. 


' C ^ "^ TIQttQTlO C PP "*^ M 
iCJ.fJ pCtttdllC^ Ot{> oJKJ . 

jJ pattabandha, ^. Coro- 

pattaya, see i^. 
pattavali, ^. A striped 


silk cloth. 

aJ d) pattavu, see xu. 


ejs).orl pattanga, see sy^c 


w's.ra pattani, j 


b's.plo pattanye, see 
e3> ; ^^^ pattabhisheka, J^ 


under su.. 


^Ci pattayipili, j. A royal 

ra.O pattari, ^. Ruin. 


to go to ruin. 
pattala, j^ 

pattavu, see z^cX. 
eJ3,s^)^ pattavuni, c. if. (ofzuffl 
To cause to be distributed,*?^. 
3 patti, s. A list, catalogue, 
voucher. 2. a note, short 
letter. 3. the fastenings of a 
box, etc.; cf. 3^. 4. a strip 
of cloth, collar of a coat. t 5. 
a lathe. 6. a kind of tonsure. 
7. a bundle of betel leaves; 
also ^.soeltf. _w>a3a kind of 

W oJ* 

glass bangles. ^w^a to 
apply a bandage or ligature. 
_ &s>bF$ to appoint. *Ke?i>s> 
to shave the head in stripes, 
to write a list, note, 

iloftpattinga, pattinge, 


pattimuru, ^. A kind 
of earring. 

eJo, pattu, see ^^. 

sJsJo,^ pattuni (^^3), ^- To 
divide, distribute, apportion. 

3i^ patte, ^. A strip, stripe. 2. 
silk. 3. a document specify- 
ing a grant of land, etc.; cf. 
3^- 4. a slip 0r strip of a 
palm tree. 5. a piece of cloth ; 
a tape. ^CE! a silk border. 
AST? a silk merchant; a 
dealer in silk. NJS^O raw 
silk, silk thread. 3><*3 a 
female's silk garment. & 
030 a black stripe, ero-5- 
a black <?/ yellow coloured 

J& patto 



, pattonuni, r^tf. r. (of 
~"^s>) To share, divide, etc. 
fe3 JiS pattye, ^ *%. 2. see *% 
eJ patna, ^ ~u,r. 


eJs^oa,), EJU^^rfj patlakayi, 
patla Aodu, J. The snake-gourd, 

TricJi.^an ''lies aiign-ina. 
s patha, JT. A picture, drawing. 
2. a boy's kite. #;/:'. Much. 
zia^S to fear much. OT-D 
4$ to let fly a kite. 

, 3*; paduca, paduci, stv? 

, padupu, 

padappe, j^ -^^. 
padaya, adv. One upon 
another. eo^rfj^ to fall one 
upon another. 

padupe, ^v -^ 
pada, ^/". Not sufficiently 
sloping. 2. placing or laying. 
55^5 a flat roof. 20^0^ 
to fall or lie at length. 
5 pada, s. A boat. 

padanga, ^6' s^ooX. 

padambu, ^. A rough 
canvas cloth. 
^otlft^ padamboli, J. A liar. 

2. .yrtf rf^jas3. 

z&? padaca, jcc i^.. 
^sirf padapada, J^g ^u^y. 
^S5^ padapuni, see it^z>. 2, 
sec 133. 

tdsri padape, ^. A whore; a 

rfsSdui* padaperad^, s. A kind 
of grass. 

os^ja?? padaposu, ^//. Superfi- 
cial, .shallow, not profound. 
ci 3o a ilatterer. 

-j padaruni (-r-o). r . //. To 
s:^^) padavu, ^. A vessel. 2. ^ 


si^?v* padasu, see &^. 

^^?37)53 padasale, ^. A veranda, 

reception hall. 
c3>o3o padayi, s. Trouble. 2. 

see zrf oso. 

sicSe)^} padavu, s. An imputation, 

8 padi, s. A daily allowance 
of food, extra pay to servants 
when travelling. 2. alms in 
kind. 3. a small weight. 
4. a thrashing frame; also 3 
^00^4. 5. a door or shutter 
made of slips of bamboos 
tied together. sea rice for 
charity. #3 a building over 
a gateway, a porter's lodge. 
^W^$ to be reduced. 3& 
Ibrs, ss^s to pay allowance 
to labourers, <:/<;.; to distri- 
bute alms. S rfs^ra to 

sj&^ padike, .v. Wickei! 
corruption, depravity; ^/^^ 
"/'. Dad. corrupt. 

a=$c3 padikenti, a.//". Bad. 
wicked, corrupt. 

sJ<a^J3oCje>o3jpadikondaye, ^. The 
name of a demon. 



sirs pana 

padica, padici, see 

sr^ padicare, padi- 
carake, s. A peon, attendant. 
&^ padita, J. A stripe, streak. 
2. a wale, mark of a whip, etc., 
as on a bullock. 
S*j)) padipuni (3&), r. #. To 
learn. 2. to plunge. 3. to 
swell, k. see 'Z&'&Si. zx>~3~ to 
learn a lesson, exercise. 
ia^lb padibatlu, ^. Straits, 

difficulty, trouble. 

Ss/ padilu, s. Waste land. adj. 
Waste, barren, unfruitful, 
fallow. 2. fallen in ruins. 
Jd) padu, adj. Pure. 2. see 
e> pure palm wine. 
padumbu, see ^P^OCSDO. 
padupu, see zitky 
zS pade, J. A multitude, mob, 
rabble. 2. an army. 3v3> 
the general of an army. 
a stray dog, a<5z^j. 
to raise an army. 
an army to halt. 
dengi, adj. Old. oSo^or 
a very old she-buffalo. 
ci^d padetale, ^. The helix or 
border of the ear. 

padenali, s. Leanness. 
to become lean, or 

To cause, occasion. 2. 
to inflict. rfosso to inflict 
pain, cause sorrow. 
M to make glad. 

padepini (^), ^'. . To 
get, attain, acquire, obtain. 
2. to possess, have. 3. to 
beget, bear, bring forth. 

ziGdoj^, 3Jsl^)^ padeyuni, pade- 
vuni (^), "'. n. To suffer, 
feel, experience, enjoy, rfosso 
to suffer grief. ^o^js?^;_ to 
enjoy pleasure. 

padkanataye, see ~> 

2 padca, ^. Settlement, ar- 
rangement. 2. determination, 
disposing. 3. clearance, con- 
sumption. ^fbs to be settled 
or disposed of. zktf^s to 
settle; to dispose. 

paddane, a^'. Sloping, flat. 
Jra? o3o paddayi, paddayi, 


s. The west. 

^o , ^3^ o padya, paddya, J. A 

spittoon, especially an earthen 


^ padta, J^ ^&^- 

padpu, s. A plain. 2. waste 

padpe, see ttiZ. 


lj^Ao, sj^j^^ padposi, padpoli, 
j^ ^zS^eoJ. 

loe3 padyele, J. An honorific 
title among the Jains. 
a pana, s. Senselessness. 

^ panake, ^. Pairing together 
with a rope, as cattle. 

si panaja, ^. A kind of 




!3 pati 

, s. The weight 

of a gold fanain. 

panavu, panavu, 
s. A quarter rupee. 2. money 
in general. 3. wealth, riches 
in specie. 

r?) pani, s. Dew, fog, mist, snow. 
2. see v rf - ^Scdoos to be 

moist. 3i^s> dew to fall. 

r2>3 panita, s. Praise, adj. 
Praiseworthy. -rfotfo^ to 
praise, eulogise. 
r33> panipuni (3$rf), ^ . tf. To 
give a shape, v.n. To drizzle. 
^d to shape a vessel. 
r$c&e)d paniyara, see 3$orfratf. 
jp| pane, s. The forked stem of a 
water-lift; also*>&fo& a ^&y3. 
Jef pane adj. Proper, due. adv. 

Duly. 3j^ due weight. 
Jflue)o5j panekayi, .y. The fruit 
of palmyra. 
&& panelu, s. A kind of tree. 

Jf|jJCo panoru, s. A plough- 

JclJ3> panoli, j 1 . A kind of pal- 

myra tree. 2. a kind of um- 

brella made of palmyra 


jp? panne, see Zc& 

iroD^^ panpavuni, c.v. (of ^>t\ 

oJ ^-^ 

?>) To cause to say, let say, in- 

Jr^^ panpini (~^), v.a. To say, 
tell, inform, narrate, relate, 
recite. 2. to teach, instruct. 
7ii_ to recite a verse, sing a 

song. 25o5EtfjbF5) to teach, 
advise, instigate; to back- 
bite. t.zSz3i, TJCO^) what was 
said- ^c-lsreos to talk to 
one's self; to address, repre- 
sent, announce. ^cSS^rf^ 
ik$ to send word. 
rf? panye, see -ot3. 
s* patu, see ~s. 

^ pata, J. Maintenance, sup- 
port, alimony. 2. see *>$ 
^rfsgil)?) to maintain. 
iort patanga, s. A bird; a 
winged moth. 

sotfs* patan^elu, 5. Harmony, 
fitness. 2. adherence. ef?:s> 
to fit. 

^o2dS patanjali, J. The name 
of a celebrated teacher of the 
Yoga philosophy. 
^ patana, adj. Falling, liable 
to fall. [fla<*. 

pataki, s. A standard, 
patayi, s. A large chest, 

-2 pati, s. A husband, master, 
owner. 2. a match, equal. 
^j^c^^or faithfulness to a 
husband. ^3e, _-rfj3 a vir- 
tuous wife, -c husband and 

3 pati, s. Similarity, equality; 
cf. *>B. -K *3 equal to. 
33 patita, adj. Fallen, over- 
thrown, defeated. 3. wicked. 
3i patite, s. A sinner. 2. an 
outcast, a heretic. 
3^ patini, see z^- 





palenuru, J^ zi 
3* patty, num. Ten. ^. A 
nail, peg, pin, particularly 
used for a plough.- 
j^ patta, <&>. Quite, fully, 
entirely wholly, effectually; 
at all. e?aiG$ to be quite 
dry. d?s3;>4$ to boil fully. 
_ )3 rs^ there is nothing at 

^orts* pattangelu, J. Tight- 
ness; <:/. 3o/3>. 
^EB, sjj^Ndo , 3J^3Zo patta- 
naje, pattanadya, pattanaji, s. 
The tenth day of the Tulu 
month Besya. 2. a feast 
celebrated at Dharmasthala. 
j^,r3 pattane, a^'. Tenth. 
^ojj, sjs^ odo, 3J3^o3o patta- 
ya, pattaya, pattayi, ^^ si^oso. 
3^ patta, see x^. 

s^ sj^, sjg^^ pattavale, patta- 
li, j 1 . Bribery ; cf. ^g^^e3. 
s^jj^ pattavuni, c.v. (oft,^ 
) To cause to join, stick, 
attach, adhere, affix. 2. to 
cause to hold, seize, catch. 
s^ni* pattasu, ^. A kind of 
sweetmeat. 2. ^^ sigsaso. 
-^ patti, s. A trace. 
^r^ pattige, see xf^. 

^^j pattuni (^o)> ^- ^- To 
hold, catch. r\ . To adhere, 
stick, be joined, united, 
to contract a habit. 
<5r~ to turn mad. 

;f , patte, s. A patch. 2. trace, 
discovery. S.see iajg. o?Ls> 
to patch. 

^^J^O pattemari, ^. A pat- 
temar, sailing vessel with one 
ij^ow pattonji, num. Eleven. 

ij^cd^ pattonjene, adj. 


i^O pattoli, see ^g^tf. 

^patni, s. A wife. 

2o patya, ^. Regimen, diet. 2. 

.s^ si^. adj. Suitable, agree- 

ing with. ?^> to suit, agree 

with. 3os^s> to observe diet. 

lo patye, j^ ^^ 

^ patra, s. The leaf of a tree 

or book. 2. a written bond. 

3. see t,3f$. 4. a passport. 

to execute a bond. 

ara>Zo patraji, J 1 . Bragging, 

s^SjO, si^^ patravali, patra- 
li, s. A plate formed of leaves 
stitched together. 
^ patri, see 33). 

s 1 ^ patrike, s. An epistle, 


letter. 2. a memorandum of 
some important event, ^o-dr 
a testament, will. 
l. patre, ^r. A twig with the 


leaves on. 2. mace. 
Jj?j^., jjs>^c! patrotte, patro- 
de, ^. A kind of cake made 
of the leaves of yam or 
other pot-herbs. 


JqS patha 



t$ patha, s. A path, road, way. 

1$: pathya, see isfg. 

3 23*0* paduru, jr. A fold, layer, 
stratum. 2. a plait. 

ic3*D?eJ, sScSoDC? padurata, pa- 
daradu, s. Flight, retreat. ~S 
TroSss^o^ to run away, de- 

j c?' 03'~ paduradu, #/. Twelve. 
z;S^^F5 twelfth. 

ic3*dj^ paduruni, see ^"dos. 

5d pada, s. A foot, step. 2. a 
foot-mark. 3. a word; a con- 
nected sentence. 4. a verse, 
song. zJrf^ to sing a song. 

Id pada, s. Abatement, subsi- 
dence ; tranquillity. e?La to 
abate, as storm 0r rain. 

'rto^ padanka, s. see -ztt. adj. 
see -z^il. 

padankara, afe ( . In a 
stooping posture. 2. see *>ti 
tfti. ^o^j,^ to cower, crouch, 

sirfos:^ padannane, s. A lazy 

3Jdoc2 padanji, ^^ ~^v,. 

siric^;^ padampuni (^^o^) 5 1/. . 
To become wet. 

5Jd=ff padaka, s. An ornamental 
breast-plate. 2. meditation. 
3. .sr<? --. ^ov^^^ to set 
a breast-plate with precious 

SJC^G* padakaru, s. Breadth. 
i ^jj'doaco a kind of concave 
umbrella made of leaves. 

d^d padakara, adj. Dense, 
thick, adv. Densely, thickly, 
closely. e:.^G3 to fall 

3Ji3^o padanuni, pada- 
nuni (--^, ^s5^), t'. . To 
become soft. 2. to get wet, 
be chilly. 

^, sirfFi^ padana, padanappa, 
adv. Well, nicely. &zx& 
to smear well. 

^ padaniyuni, see 3$ 

padaniye, s. A wealthy 

cisJCJo padapadya, s. Singing; 
cf. sJrf. 

d^j, padappu, .y. The temples. 
2. "see Z3& 

da* padaru, j. Ambiguity^ 
vagueness, adj. Ambiguous, 
vague. 3^33 an ambiguous 
statement; speaking vaguely. 
rfd padara, j^ ^55. 
dD^>c3 padaraji, see z&Z). 
d^i padavi, s. Wealth, property, 
possession. 2. rank, degree, 
grade. 3. road, path. 4. 
fortune, luck. 

d^; padavu, s. A plateau, table- 

d^ padaste, s. A moderate 

padanga, s. A syllable. 
Uri padatige, see sjccroi!*. 
padana, ^^ ~. 

JiCTsa padati, padadi, s. 
A foot-soldier. 




padarcane, s. Homage 
paid by falling at one's feet. 

3"33F padarti, s. A class of 
drummers, attached to the 
service of a temple. 
raqiF padartha, s. A thing, 
article. 2. vegetable curry, 
sauce. 3. the meaning of a 
word or sentence, 
a padi, J. A basket, 
a padi, 72#2. Ten, esp. used 
in comp.; as, sraaS sixteen. 
?^>> fourteen. ?3^ eigh- 
teen. 3ef seventeen. ^o> 
fifteen. ^jaoeor nineteen. 

paduma, see 3^. 

padumukha, s. A kind 
of medicine. 

zSoft, :3oZo padengi, paderiji, 
j. Green gram, Phaseolus 
mungo. -3-o^_ 5 ?3eOo_, sisS , 
33e5 are varieties of it. 
cS^ padeka, ^. Collection; re- 

cStS Q S padeccilu, see Xti^S. 
2. see 3lz%<5. 

dvl padeti, s. A midwife. 
cSsicS padepade, see ^d ? z3t3. 

d^j^ padepini (iz3), ^. a. To 
collect, recover. 

^3^) padepu, J. The crown of 
the head. 

dcdoo^i padeyuni (^), v.n. To 
sink down. 2. to become in- 

!cj3J<3 padepade, adv. Fre- 
quently, again and again. 

icSjsO, djss? padoli, padoli, J. 
The principal hall of a house. 
tJ$ an out-house. 

i^ceJri, 3odo3r^, 3JdB paddan- 

o o O 

tige, paddantige, paddati, see 

sdrfS; c/". 5SD33. 


rfo^ padduni (^^), v.n. To 

sneak, crouch, hide, lurk. 

2. to be afraid, perplexed, 


c>?c&> paddeyl, J 1 . Ornaments, 



rf 3 paddhati, J. Custom, prac- 
tice, habit, rule. 
rfa padpu, s. A particle, atom; 
a very small quantity. 2. a 
dot, clotted blood on the skin. 
?% nothing at all. 


cS padpe, s. The common herb 


Amaranthusoleraceus. ^os&- 

a red kind of the same. t3js^o 


a white kind of the same. 
c3, padma, s. A lotus, Nelum- 
bium speciosum. 2. the 
Egyptian or Pythagorian 
bean. 3. coloured marks 
on the throat of a serpent 
or on the face and trunk of 
an elephant. ^erf& the fila- 
ment of a lotus. cro a 
name of Vishnu. ^X a 
ruby. pdad a weaver, zto^ 
the seed of a lotus. 




J5O padmini, s. One of the four 
classes of females. 
rfo padya, .s-. A verse, metre. 

J3, 3J^33e>o$ pana, panapana, see 


^o2~d panambara, s. Amber- 
gris. 2. boasting, making a 
mountain of a mole-hill. 
7&tfo^s> to boast, make a 
great ado about trifles. 

J pani, s. Drizzling rain. 2. 
see 3r3. a^'. Little, small. 
3. few; cf. fcs. -^ a small 
kind of frog. 33) a small 
umbrella. dac3 a tempo- 
rary shed, -sorir drizzling 
rain. atedos to drizzle. ^ 
odooa to abate, as a drizzle. 

3J>^)> panipuni (is>), ?. . To 
drizzle, shower. 
G3j:j>flpaniyara, J. An offering 
to a god, etc., consisting of 
preparations of fruits and 

3J^J2do, sJ?$J3do, 3J?2j^io panu- 
ru, panoru, panoru, J^ datfo. 

3j{3, si^^o^ pane, panekutti, sec 

sJN^JDcS panemade, J 1 . A demon 

so called. 

oJjSjS^ panoli, see zJAs<9. 
3J^A?0 pankori, 5. A kind of 

sSfy. panni, see 03. 

^j panpu, 5 


sJ rf, si^ ^ pappada, pappala, 


^. Pappadam, a very thin 
kind of cake made of pulse, 
salt, etc. 

3^5 pappu, s. A carcass, carrion. 
2J. pabba, see 3&r. 


c^, paya, s. An ear of rice, 
etc. 2. gum, resin. 3. see 
oj^Dio. _La an ear of rice 
to shoot. 

payakelu, payacelu, payaccety, 
s. The time of shooting of 
the ears of corn. 
oj-rs payana, see ^jcdjape. 

oJ-3"3o3j payatdye, ^. A thriving 

oJodo^s^cSj payarand^jitaye, ^. 
A demon so called. 

payavun, pa- 

yavuni (^o>, 3icdn>), ?'. . To 
shoot, as an ear of corn. 
ojj^" payasu, s. Water 2. 

payi, $" An ear of corn; 
cf. 3odo. 

SJ^e^ payicily, s. A bag 
made of palm-leaves. 

* payiccil^i, Jtv ^coo^6. 

?? payijany, 

payirianu, s. A kind of silver 

&s$ payiriali, payinalayi, payi- 
nali, -v. -. 

payitinusire, J =% 




payitota, s. A young 
garden or plantation. 
payilu, see z5o3j^>. 

payilumanige, -^ 

payecelu, s. Subscrip- 
tion, contribution. 2. j ~s3o 

* payebelu, ^ 3oe3& 
payoli, see ;5o3og5. 
0!^ payya, payye, see 

payyana, ^". Gently, 

softly, quietly ; cf. 

to conceal quietly. 
to put gently. 
payyeru, j. A horse. 2. 


yyoli, s. A horse. 2. riding, 
galloping. .jr^4$ to gallop. 
3 para, 0^'. Distant, remote. 
2. subsequent, after, follow- 
ing. 3. other, different. 4. 
more, exceeding. 5. before. 
_^j)do a strange place, fo- 
reign country. 
d para, adj. Old, worn out. 

^ocyo worn out clothes. 

d para, s. Regard, respect. 

TOOC&> a careless man. 

ero^s to have regard 0r res- 
pect. ^a^a to lose respect. 
dorf4$ be careless, regard- 
less. 3otfo^s> to regard, give 



have you no regard? do you 
not care? 

^ parankuni, see 
paran^u, see 
parangi, ^^ t-jj\. 

paranguni (33oK), z;. n. 
To become stale, musty; to 
decay; also 3itfcK5>;&>e^$- 

' parangelu, s. Staleness, 
decay, adj. Stale, decayed, 
decrepit. ^0^6 a decrepit 

> parancuni, J^ ^-So^os). 

, 5Jdo^s3 ff parancena, pa- 
rancelu, s. Prattling. 2. 
grumbling, murmuring. 
3oss3 parancele, ^. A prattler, 
babbler. 2. a grumbler, 
paranji, ^ ii3oc3. 

pararijyoti, s. The 
Supreme Being, Light of 

dce/ parantu, s. A bull frog. 
doe3 paranta, s. Murmuring, 
grumbling. srotdo^ to grum- 
ble, talk nonsense. 
doeJs^, doeJ$ri parantalu, pa- 
rantalige, s. A kind of creeper. 
doiJo^ parantuni (^oS), p. . 
To gripe, grasp, seize, lay 
hold of. 2. see 3itfos3os>. 

parante, ^. An old buffalo. 

parantele, s. A prattler, 

dod paranda, J. Murmuring, 

paranduni, see sd^S). 

o parandhama, ^. Vish- 
nu's paradise. 



dcldparainpare,.$-. Succession; 
race, lineage, descent, adj. 
Successive, proceeding from 
one to another, hereditary. 
j^i parambuni, see 
paraku, see v^- 
fo s parakatu, see 

s. A long cloth. 

tfffejab parakaya, s. Another 

body, ^^transmigration. 

d& paraki, ^ ^r. 

d^ parake, .?. A vow made in 

trouble; beseeching. 2. see 

3TO^. sj^s to vow, make a 

VOW. STOTfca, ??jabF$ tO fulfil 

a vow. ?iocro4s> to do a 
work carelessly. ?jodj^avow 
to be fulfilled. 

d^> parakei, s. Depositing with 
another, as the stake of a 
wager. ^wo^ to deposit in 
this way. 

paragante, see ^ r ^- 

parag-ati, s. Future des- 

C^ parajana, s. Strangers. 
^D3 parajata, adj. Adopted, 
fostered by a stranger. 
^D3 parajati, s. A foreign 
tribe or caste. 
z3 paraji, see s 
paradi, ^^ 

paraduni (^5), ^.. &a. 
To grope. 2. to spread. 

paradele, J. One who 

gropes about. 2. a lazy man, 

paratu, adj. Old, worn 
out. ?>$ to become old. 
paratantra, adj. Depend- 
ent, obedient, subservient. 
d^do^i, sjd^jdo^ parataruni, 
paraturuni (~tf35, ^-d^o5),^.. 
To spread, extend, diffuse. 
2. to creep, as an ant, etc. 
parati, see *Br. 

a, 3Jdd paradi, parade, s. A 
curtain, blind, screen. ^ 
u^s, zretSos to put up a 

dd^i paradevate, s. A fo- 
reign deity. 

dcS^ paradesa, J. A foreign 


sd?^ parades!, s. A foreigner. 

2. a vagrant, vagabond. 
ddytf paradeisu, ^. Paradise. 

d^D paranari, ^. Another's 

paraninde, s. Abusing 

d^o* paranlru, s. lit. Old 
water. 2. flowing water. 3. a 
perennial fountain. 4. water 
stored the preceding day. 

d^o^ parapanca, see -tyzoti. 

dsi^ parapasha, s. Partiality. 

TJotfo^ to show partiality, 

be biased. 

3Jd parapara, s. The noise of 
rending cloth. 

Id para 



d^j) parapu, s. A sandbed. adj. 
flowing, running. 
o^ parapuni (z#), v. n. To 
flow, as water. 2. to creep, 
crawl on hands and legs. 3. 
to spread, as a creeper. 

sS parabari, s. Assignment. 
adv. Separately. 2. indi- 
rectly. ojB^-do?) to speak in- 
directly. 3i?>e&5> to avoid, 
as a place in a journey, and 
go another way. rfotfo^fc to 
transfer, deliver over to an- 

dzoj parabu, s. An old woman. 
dz3 parabe, s. An old man. 

dzasd parabrahma, s. The Su- 
preme Being. 

sl> parama, #*//. Best, most 
excellent. 2. principal, chief, 
supreme. A3 a blessed con- 
dition, salvation. Xore an 
excellent disposition. Xo-do 
a supreme, religious guide. 
j^js^, rfoT^ a very wicked 
man. 3^3 superior under- 
standing. zjrfs heavenly 

ooC3^> paramandala, s. Hea- 
ven, the sky. 

do^ paramata, s. A strange 
religion. 2. another's inten- 

paramayana, s. Rice 0r wheat 
boiled in milk with sugar, etc. 
brfje)^ paramatme, s. The Su- 
preme Being. 

, s. Great 
happiness, heavenly bliss. 
ds^js^ paramapte, s. A best 
friend, intimate friend. 
d5J33$F paramartha, s. Chief 
object or intention. 2. truth, 

d^js)^r paramarthi, s. A truth- 
full, honest man. 

paramarthe, s. God. 

paramasu, adj. Best, 

dsljsiro paramasi, s. Command, 
mandate, order; will, plea- 
dsSo parame, s. A clever man. 

2. a cunning, tricky fellow. 
ds5o?^d paramesvare, s. The 

Supreme Lord. 2. a name 
of Siva. 

dsf>o?<&, parameshti, s. The 
Creator. 2. a name of Brahma, 
paraye, ra* i&o3o. 

pararajya, s. A foreign 

des* paralu, j^ ^>^^. 

ddJS^ paraloka, s. The next 
world, heaven. 

dsj parava, ^. Concern, care, 
regard, respect; cf. -r. 

dsJo2^ paravanca, see tftcti. - 

d^sj paravadave, s. Another's 
property or thing. 

d^ paravasa, s. Subservi- 
ence, dependence. 2. ecstacy. 

3. absence of mind. 

d53~s?o paravasa, s. Residence 
in a foreign land, exile. 



:o> para 

C3 paravi, see 33 200. 

3 parave, s. A man belong- 
ing to a low class of devil- 

dri^sl paravesha, J. Persona- 
tion. 2. .J SOSes'. 

^j parasu, s. A hatchet, an 
axe. 2. the philosopher's 
stone; also^^^S . _us&>the 


sixth incarnation of Vishnu, 
who is said to have peopled 
the coast of Malabar. 

$ parase, s. Pilgrims going 
to or assembled at any sa- 
cred place or festival of an 

^/ parasu, s. Benediction. 

rT?^ parasadhaka, s. Means 
of obtaining heaven. 

3 parase, s. The perforations 
of a small machine for mak- 
ing a kind of vermicelli (e 
rSoosorf es:?). 2. see t,ti$. 

?^d paraseve, s. Serving 

^^ parasthala, s. A strange 

place, foreign country. 

parastri, s. The wife of 

s^c paraspara, adj. Mutual, 
reciprocal. ^3 mutual ha- 
tred. ^?3o mutual friend- 

parasva, J. Another's pro- 

,?3 parahimse, 


JSoa parahita, s. Kindness to 
strangers, benevolence. 
3&J33J paraloppa, ad\\ Wholly, 
totally, fully. 

tt para, prcf. implying Su- 
premacy. 2. liberation. 3. 
invested order. 4. pride. 
5. excess. 6. encounter. 7. 
overcoming. 8. going. 9. 

JSoZG-xsj parannmukha, s. An 
averted face. 

3Doj3 paranna s. Living on 
others; food supplied by 

SDouS^ parambarike, s. Care, 
protection. 2. enquiry, in- 

2^&^), v. a. To take care of, 
watch over, nurse. 2. to in- 
vestigate, consider. 
pariku, seo zafi. 
parake, intj. Attention! 
2. calling attention while ad- 
dressing a superior. 
OD^do parJLkrama, s. Power, 
valour. 2. exertion. nsc5o, 
3i> a powerful man, hero. 
Oe)2J3* parakhaty, ^ ^soS. 
crsticdo parajaya, J. Conquest, 
D^rso.SJ, paranmukha, ^<? ^^=> 

830. SO. 

s)^ 6 paratpare, J. The Su- 
preme Being, God. 

3?>paradhma, s. Possession 
by another, alienation, adj. 

OD para 



Dependant on, subject to 
another. rfotfo^ to alienate, 

as property. 
D?F^paranna, see ^TOO^. 
cssJdd^Oj, paraparavastu, see 


ODSJ parabhava, 5. The forti- 
eth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 2. discomfiture. 
3. destruction. 

parabari, see zirieaaB. 

^, sioDwOglr paramari- 
ke, paramarsa, see nosozos^. 
D05J parayi, ^'. Strange, 
foreign. '&3 foreign people. 

another's things, 
parari, see ^fcraO. 

^qiF parartha, s. The property 
of another. 2. another mean- 
ing, adv. On account of an- 

D^OJJ parasraya, s. Taking 
refuge with another. 
D pari, s. A path, way. 2- an 
opening, gap; a vacant space, 
a rabbit's path. tf 
to repair, as a 
gap in a hedge. ^jslj^to seek 
a way; to track the path. 
3^$ to go one's way; to 
escape. >&>$ to plant again 
where the previous plants 
have perished; to repair a 
hedge. --rfo^s> to take care. 
-rfoo^s, -_rfooeoix>$ a path 
to be out of repair. 
O pari, pref. implying Ubi- 

quity. 2. part, portion. 3. 
abandonment. 4. end, term. 
5. sickness, infirmity. 6. 
stress. 7. separateness, dis- 
tribution. 8. encircling. 9. 
depreciation, exposure of 
faults. 10. respect. 11. re- 
jection, turning off or away. 
12. ornament. 13. diffusion. 
14. sign. 15. sorrow. 16. 
cessation; impediment. 17. 
truth. 18. an exclamation of 
pleasure or satisfaction. 
0o-o- rid parinkigadde, s. The 
Telinga potato, Arum cam- 

30^0^ parinkuni, see sio^or^. 
, paring-otto, see 


parikale, see 3- 
pariki, ^<?^ ^&~- 
parike, ^ ^^- 2. see 


^o^ parikhyati, ^^ ^arogB. 

pariga, ^. An iron club. 


zJ paricaya, paricarya, parici- 
ti, paricite, s. Acquaintance, 
knowledge; intimacy. 
Dc5'3C : CT paricarake, s. An at- 
tendant, servant. 
e23?rf?3 'paricchedane, s. Divi- 

sion, section, as of a book. 
2. circumcision. 
Qfc!^ parijana, s. Dependence. 
2. retinue. 

J02 parijiti, parije, see 




parnajna, pa- 
rinema, sec -z^r-dz. 

3"3r ri parityaga, s. Separation, 

y-? paridhavi, s. The forty- 
sixth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 
W>DJ parinama, see t,^r-&>. 

sJ^ paripaksha, see -3t. 


paripari, adj. Diverse, 

33D>c3 paripalane, s. Protec- 
tion, care, fostering. 
a^^ paripuni (^s), v. a. To 
tear, rend. 

^r3F paripurna, adj. Com- 
plete, full. 

SS^^F paripurti, s. Fulness, 
completion, satisfaction. 
Dzoo^ paribandha, s. Relation- 
ship. crooSo a kinsman. 
O^^j paribhrame, s. Turning 
round, flurry. 

O^o^ parimala, s. Fragrance, 
perfume. rfrf^ perfumery. 
&& fragrant water. 
Sdj?r3 parimana, s. Measure, 
amount, quantity. 
SdJe)V* parimalu, s. An honori- 
fic title amongst Bants. 
ODo^ parimita, adj. Measured, 
meted, s. Estimate, value. 
OSjJorci parimunci, s. Country 

O^oja parimudi, s. Perishing. 
OOiopariya,^//'. Plenty, exceed- 
ing, much. 

^rf pariyantara, a dr. Till, 

t ~J^? &J N pariyatane, s. Wander- 
ing, roaming; revolution. 
-rfotfo^ to wander, roam; to 

So^Dcij pariyaya, s. Order, 
arrangement, succession. _'. 
opportunity, occasion. 3. a 
grand festival once in two 
years at Udipi, celebrating 
the occasion of a Svami's 
succession to the management 
of Krishna's temple there. 
Ooi>j> pariyuni (~o), r.-. n. To 
run, flow. 2. to rend. 
Oo3j3^o pariyolu, s. A kind of 

Osjsd parivara, s. Followers, 
retinue; army. 
QsJorf parisuddha, adj. Sacred, 
holy, pure. crooSo, ^Sodf, 
sia^oi a holy man. -^otfo.s to 

T *^ 


Osljn's l^parisudhatme, s. The 
Holy 9 Glost, Holy Spirit. 
c3 parise, ^^ ^^> 
SlJS^^ parisodhane, s. Ex- 
amination, investigation. 2. 
temptation. sktfo^a, ZJBA?O 
^ to investigate; to tempt. 
O^ rfj parisrama, s. Fatigue, 
difficulty, exhaustion. 2. 
practice, exercise. 

parisana, 5-. Death. 

pariharipuni (^=9), 
7 r . a. To forgive, absolve, 
pardon. 2. to clear, as a debt. 




parihara, s. Removal. 
2. healing, relief. 3. absolu- 
tion, pardon. ^otfo^s to 
heal, relieve ; to pardon, ab- 
solve; to propitiate, as an 
evil spirit, etc. 

D3oD^, si03oe>?oo parihasa, pa- 
rihasya, s. Jeer, mocking, 
raillery, sport. -do^a to 
jeer; to sport. 

parlya, see ziSodo. 
parlkshe, s. Trial, experi- 
ment, investigation, exami- 
nation, test, discrimination. 
crooSo, ziae^^ an experi- 
menter; examiner; a tempter. 



examine, test, try. 
^o paru, s. The teeth, as of 
a beast, saw, file, etc. && 
a tooth-pick. wzS^a to set 
teeth on edge. erorfjrfos, 
the teeth to fall out. 
to file the teeth of 
a saw. s'zSobd, ^tfojoooi to 
gnash the teeth. s^rfos) to 
furnish a saw, /., with 
teeth, -sobrs to teeth. 

parukatti, -s^ xtirl^. 
paruku, j^ 3!FF. 
paruva, ^ ^^^ 

paruvelu, s. Food, meal, 
as of a Pariah. 2. .$ 3ptfo3. 

dj^J, sjdjsio parusa, parusu, see 


6 pare, ^. A cataract or 
web on the eye. 2. ^^ sratf. 

parengi, j. A Frank or 
Portuguese. 2. an Euro- 
pean. adj. European; foreign. 

3e;?rco3j ananas, pine-apple. 

-door^ Spanish pepper, Capsi- 
cum annuum. -&3?A syphi- 
lis. Xo!3 , ^ja35 _, c^JOSo , 5gW_ 


are some of the different 
kinds of venereal diseases. 
6oris3 parengele,^. A syphilitic 
man. 2. see i 

parencana, pa- 
rencata, ^. Prattle. 2. twaddle. 

To prate, prattle. 2. to find 
fault with, censure. 
6o^s3 parencele, s. A prattler, 
tattler. 2. one given to fault- 

doSo, sj&u parenji, pareji, J. A 
scaffold, temporary platform. 

^uo^s to erect a scaffold. 
o s parelu, ^. A grain of sand, 

grit, gravel; a bit of glass, 
etc. 2. a grain of corn, /. 

^^ a pebble. s3a^_ small 
shot. ^ozfgd a washerman- 
barber of low class. 

pareluni, see zJewrs. 
cl pareldenne, s. Castor oil. 
parelu, see ~T3. 

, sjd^j pareji, pareju, adj. 
Equal, corresponding with; 
cf. zJtfosS. 

3?i parete, J. Crawling on 
hands and feet. 
^ parese, see xtitg. 




parodi, s. Dissimulation, 
hypocrisy. 2. skill, craft, 
scheme. ratf a hypocrite. 
_ 3otfo>ya to simulate, pretend ; 
to play tricks. 

d3jtreti paropakara, s. Kind- 
ness to strangers, benevo- 
lence. 3tfjae3?K>& a philanthro- 

o^o3o parraye, s. A stranger, 

parku, parkattu, parkate, parkat- 
te, adj. Old, worn out, ragged. 
SJ^FC! parkadu, parkade, 
#</7'. Grinding or gnashing of 
teeth. odo s to grind r 
gnash teeth. 

parkadi, parkaddi, 
s. A tooth-pick. 

parkatti, parkat- 
te, J. A scythe, sickle. 
tf3F^) parkavuni (3?rcr), 7;. a. 
To draw in, call in. 2. to 
confiscate. 3. c. v. of ri^or^. 
-^F, &?r?3*, sJ^FO ff parki,par- 
kisy, parkelu, adj. Destitute, 

or$ parkuni, J^ sJo^or^. 
^r parke, ^<? =^- 
^F parke, ^. Bedding. 2. sleep, 
rest. ri& the mat under a 
bed, etc. 

=#J3Ffc3, 3J^J3F^ parkote, par- 
kottu, see **FJ. 
^JSFj3oJjJ^i parkodeyuni (sJ 
zS), z'. a. To grin, gnash. 
pargane, j^ ^5^^. 

parcarya, par- 

Clta, J^ 

3F parji, 

sF parna, J^ ^^f 7 - 

parti, .y. Cotton, Gossypium 

F parte, s. Sharpness, edge. 

adj. Sharp, quick, keen. ^o 

tfo^fc to whet, sharpen. 

F, sJiFo* parte, partelu, J. 

A rent, tear, as in clothes, 

etc. adj. Torn, tattered, old. 

Fe3 partele, s. A man in rags. 

pardatti, ^ ^tfr^. 
pardi, J^ 3ie5- 
sJcSF pardi, parde, 5^ sfto. 

pardesi, j^ id^e^. 
^r parna, ^. A leaf. 2. a feather. 

NFsras3 parnasale, ^. A hut 
made of leaves, hermitage. 
2. a booth. 3. a bower. 
^s)Fdj parnama, ^. Health, 
welfare. 2. prosperity. 0^". 
Thriving, prosperous. 

parpata, s. Drinking. 

1 parpataka, s. The shrub 
Mullugo cermana. 
3-3F^)^ parpavuni, c. v. (of rf 
b? or iJSr) To cause to 
drink. 2. to have pulled out, 
cause to pluck or pull. 
F> parpini (35), z/. a. To 
drink, sip. 2. to take food, 
as a Pariah. 
^r parpu, see 3d^. 

parpuni (35), p. a. To 

3JF parpe 



pluck, pull out, as roots, 
grass, etc.; cf. f&^F^. 
s5rs3 parpele, s. A drunkard. 
&F parba, s. A festival, feast, 

KraFSj'pi parbavuni, c. v. (of * 
30or$) To cause to spread, 
extend, diffuse. 
parbu, see ~5)#o. 

parbuni (^F), v. n. To 
spread, multiply, diffuse; to 

parmana, see 

parmari, see 

parmanu, s. A pole at- 
tached to a boat's sail. 
d33F?D s parmasu, see ztfsirecl 

siraFS?parma,le, s. The name of 
a hill. 

parya, see ^Oodo. 

paryatane, see 

paryaya, see 
paryuni, J^ 

parluni (~^~), z. n. To 
be washed, as a dam 0^ re- 
servoir. v. a. To cut sharply, 
as a knife. 

parva, s. Awe, fear, rever- 
ence, respect, regard; cf. trt. 
F parva, s. A knot, joint of a 
cane. 2. a name given to 
certain days in the lunar 
month, as the full and change 
of the moon. 3. division of 
a year, as the equinox, sol- 
stice, etc.; cf. 33or. 4. a 

section, division, chapter. 5. 
stage or degree of ripeness 
in fruits, tree; a holy day. 
dFod parvanda, adj. Honor- 
ary. ^!^ a robe of honor. 
dF^ parvata, s. A mountain, 

^FS3 f , SJ^F parvelu, parveli, 
s. A feast or meal among 
Pariahs. 2. see 
$F parse, see tf& 
$F5j) parleppu, see 
> pala, .s#J ?^. 

t)o^^ palankena, adv. Early. 
2. J^ sir^. 

palangu, j^ ^^cX. 

palambara, s. Fulness. 
2. see 3^cejd. 

ozodo^) palambaruni 
v. n. To be full. 2. 

To lament. 

^o^) palatuni (io53), .. To 
be altered, changed. 
&5) palapu, J. A boundary, 

palayi, s. A plank, board. 
the Indian cod. 

e,.y. An elder brother. 
palavu, see 
palana, ^^ 

palayana, ^. Flight, 
retreat. -sbv^s to retreat, 

palayi, J^ ^ocxso. 





palaye, see 
rf palara, see *vy3. 

palasa, s. The tree Butea 

si) pali, s. An elder sister. 

pali, .M? -& 2. see ~s?- 

si0^ palike, 5. A valley, decli- 
vity. 2. a pond, ditch. 

siS^ palita, sec 4^- 

si>^, siS^) palita, palipu, s. 
Effect, virtue, efficacy, as of 
a hand, medicine, etc. 2. 
durability, survivance 

si)o^) palipuni, see ^3$. 

sj^o palu, 5. Kipening, as of fruit. 
2. see z5S^. adj. Half ripe. 

3is3 pale, see soak. 

3Jwj,?i palkuni (^C), '. . To 
be very soft, as an over- 
ripe fruit. 2. to be pliant, 

sje3 a palgsedi, see *fy\ 

cCid?3 palgedi, s. A base, mean 

siO paldi, J^ -? 

3i^o* palnlru, see =io^e5. 

3Js* pallu, see 3e. 

<n {1 

sje; palla, ^. A small enclosure 
of wicker work for keeping 
cooked food during an enter- 
tainment. 2. see 3^,. 

5J^> ort pallanga, J. A canopy 
over a couch or bedstead. 

sjo pallaki, ^. ^3 c-3-. 

CO <*> 

sj^> ej pallata, adj. Overwhelmed. 
2. altered. 3. misplaced. - 

J8S> to be altered. ^o^S) to 


s;^ pallana, J. Rags. 2. patch- 

work of a garment. s^345> 

to wear patched garments. 

sjoSj pallayi, s. An earthen 


v pallava, s. A sprout, shoot. 


SR palla, J. A port. 2. s^? 

palladuni (-^S), r.. 
To be unsteady. 

sj) palli, ^. A house lizard. 
2. a fork. 3. a rake. -sJA^a 
to grasp one's hands in a 
children's game. 

^j pallu, adj. Stupid, simple. 
2. timid, spiritless, wanting 
boldness; cf. ri%. 3. * 
^ijj. ^osiotfa mad or howl- 


ing jackal. ^sfcsa a weak 
fellow ; a stupid man. 

si palle, s. The spleen. 2. the 
large bean of Entada mona- 
stachya\ also ^oso. 
zi- the knee-cap. ^ 
a bundle of the said beans. 
eojTjj the creeper of Entada 
monastachia. T^eco^toplay 
with Entada seeds. 

3Js3o-o- pallenki, s. A palankeen. 


sJd*,6J3?rt pallekkiroga, J. 

N* pavanu, ^. A gold coin 
equal to twenty shillings. 

ri pavana, s. A sieve, strainer. 

j^ pavana, pavama- 
na, s. Air. wind. 




3^, sid^ pavala, pavala, see 

^ pavitra, ^'. Clean, pure, 
purified, s. Sacrificial (or 
kusa) grass, Poa. cynosuroi- 
des. 2. a ring of kusa grass 
put on the fourth finger by 
a Brahman while performing 
a ceremony. 

^)o^ pavurici, s. A bracelet of 
gold beads. 

pavuriji, s. The Dasara 

3)ot3rra6 pavunjigare, s. A fop, 
dandiprat; a vain or proud 

pavuji, see 
pavoli, see 
sJ3 pasapasa, J^ &&. 
b pasu, J. An animal in 
general. 2. a beast. 3. horned 
pase, see *>3. 

s)32)^, SJSDS^.SJ pascatapa, 

2ar io- 

pascattapa, ^. Contrition, re- 
pentance, remorse, sorrow. 
2. pity, compassion. e?La 
to be penitent. 
to repent. 

^. A sack or bag made of 

?joriS pasangari, j. A kind of 

3J?joC5* pasantu, pasandu, 
^'. Comely, handsome, well, 
pleasing, nice. 

pasantra, pasandra, 
j. Vicinity, neighbourhood, 
^ pasakka, see X&3,. 


^Ooijo^ pasariyuni, see 3?3do$. 

o s pasalu, j". The share of a 


?o) pasali, J#? ^?J^. 

rUD^ pasadi, see ss^fea. 

oJe)^ pasadu, s. Transpiring, 
becoming public. 

pasaru, see *>?$> 
pasari, s. A druggist, 
pasi, s, A boy. 2. a child. 

pasinkara, j 1 . Dampness, 
wetness. 2. yielding, softness, 
rial, sJai^^ pasigetti, pasiget- 
te, see i^t^. 
Jo pasu, see ia. 

pase, ^. Moisture, wetness, 
dampness. 2. greasiness, 
oiliness. 3. essence, sub- 
stance, strength. $e5rf 
dampness. ^oso^_ greasi- 
ness of ghee. s57?6d_ the 
strength of tobacco. 

paseruni (3?3&), v. n. & 
a. To extend, diffuse, spread. 
rj^ pasku, J. Collection, fee. 
-oD^s to collect a fee. 
?lll, sj^.lj. paskatti, pasketti, 

TJ- 6J TTW * ' . 

J. Turf, sod, sward, removed 
from the earth for covering 
a wall, etc., with it. 

irUeXO* paskaru, see 3^-rf. 

Ao, paski, s. Punishing a boy 




by making him to stand and 

sit alternately with both 

ears seized by his fingers 


zo.),^ paskutta, s. Sickliness. 

crooSo a sickly man, invalid. 

&& paskedi, see ^ttj 

?oO, paspu, adj. Clear. 2. wet; 

cf. t>3. 3. see t,3\. 

/ oJ 

^D' passaru, s. Clipping, cut- 
ting asunder. 2. killing, mur- 

passuni, see ^^s. 

,3J^or^ palanku, palangu, 
V oX. 


palankena, see zJso^jl 
palantige, s. Declivity. 
paladya, s. Sauce or pep- 

per-water with or without 


v'wtf palapala, J. The rippling 

noise of water. adv., sec 


pa lane, see ^N. 

^? pali, ^. A long rice-field. 2. 
see ~. 

s?^ palike, w *>8. 
^o^a^i palenkuni (-^o^) 5 r 1 . a. 
To upset, overturn. 

0,3 palkuni, see 3rfms>. 

^ palla, s. A shallow stream, 
pond, ditch. 2. a hollow, low 
spot. 3. a hole, pit. tfoKoa 
to roll in a pond; to fill up 
a hollow. 
^ palli, s. A mosque. 2. ^ 

o. pallu, ^^ -s) J 

^) A - - ' ro 

palle, j^ sd . 

pallena, J. Light, shine. 
2. .fttf ^^^. -eyL^ to become 
light ; to shine. 

paksha, s. The dark or 

^ J 

bright half of the lunar 
month. 2. a side, flank. 3. a 
party. 4. partiality. 5. an 
argument; a position ad- 
vanced or to be maintained. 

crooSo a partisan, adherent. 

C33, s#_ partiality. s^B 
a partial person. ^>4. ss^ 
paralysis. nsacraoib a para- 
lytic. ^)^ the dark lunar 
fortnight. tfo ^r~ the bright 
lunar fortnight. sftf^XoSpe&s, 
n^.^Aj ? -do$ to take a side. 

STs^, n^ 53DOJJJ pakshavata. 
M _ VM 

pakshavayu, ^. Paralysis. 
'a o^cJpakshantara, ^. Another 
side or part. 2. the opinion 
of a party. 
pakshi, J^ ~& 6 . 


pakshivalu, j^ si^cro 
under z^. 

* panku, ^. A kind of 
musical instrument. 
panka, j^ ^ctf. 
^ pangala, ^. A portion, 
share. 53^0$ to divide; to 

pangitana, ping-idana, pangida- 
na, s. Scorn, mockery, jeering, 




pangyavuni, . tf. 
To despise, jeer, 

oo^ pangiyuni, 

pangyuni (s^oK), #, . To be 
despised, jeered, mocked. 

pangila, adj. Precious. 

pangu, s. Sickness. 2. a 
share. 3. proportion. 

aricaleru, see rics^^S. 

parija, ^. Oblique, slop- 

)cfc:d, sje)ot2Brf pfirijara, panja- 
ra,s. A den, cave, cavern. 2. 
a cage. 

, S3 s) olio pantu, pantu, s. 
Fatigue, weariness. ^uo^ 
to get weary. 

pante,^. A spool. r man 

pante, s. A stiff, stunted 

pantela, s. Stiffness; 

panda, see sroca. 

pandara, J. Pale <?r 
yellowish white. 

!o3j pandava bajjei, s. 
A large kind of areca nut. 

, >j)o^s3 pandavu, panda- 
ve, s. A pigeon, dove. 

pandaveru, s. The five 
Pandu princes. 

pandi, J 1 . A country in 
the south of India, compre- 
hending part of the modern 
Tamil provinces. ^oorfo, 
^oootl) a male's garment 
manufactured there. 

n^czSs;* pandilu, pan- 
delu, ^. A kind of tree; cf. 

e^. -J#e3 large ears. 

pandu, s. The father of 
the five Pandu princes and 
sovereign of ancient Delhi. 
adj. Pale, yellowish white, 
piebald. &, liver complaint. 
tfjseX the white leprosy. 
o pandya, J 



panta, ^'. Linear, regu- 
lar, methodical. 
)o^o> pantuni (srooi), 77. w. To 
be eager, impatient. 2. to 
vie, compete. ojao^sraosiS 
eagerly, ardently. sroosroo 
5 >^a to purchase eagerly. 

pante, J. A butterfly. 

od^) pandava, pan- 
davu, s. A thin strip of a 
cocoanut branch 0^ of other 
fibrous trees, generally used 
as a band or tie. ri &^ v a 
string or cord made of such 

>oas:*, S33od><3 ff pandilu, pan- 
delu, ^. A kind of bush. 
pampu, see ts>3<>- 

pambolu, J. A kind of 
flat, long fish. adj. Long, 
slender. ^?3 a rat-snake. 

paku, flflfe. Once a day. 
to cut once ; to tap, 
as a palm-tree. 

paka, adj. Some, several, 




a few. K a few persons. 
tfsJooio some time. 

paka, s. Maturity, the state 
of being boiled or ripened. 
efSbs to be fully ripe; to 
be properly prepared, as food, 
etc. ^otf^a to cook, boil. 

paku, see TOTT. 

^ pakutti, J. A knife for 
cutting betel-nuts. 

, srsrrad pagara, pagara, s. 
An inclosure, fence; a ram- 
sri page, s. A kind of tree. 

paca, s. The lungs of fish. 
2. the skin of the leg. 

paci, s. A sponge. 2. ^<? 

pacige, pacu, s. A 
kind of pill. 

f3523*, S3D2^^ pacilu, pacile, s. \ 
A bivalve shell, Mythihcs. 

S3t pace, tt? s3s. 2. see ca3. | 

?; 7 :-;y c5o, 55'st3'3o^) paccaye, pa- 
Javii, s. A pasha, sovereign, 
ruler. e?rf^^ royalty of a 

53"3Zo paji, ^. A servant, menial. 
5333 3fEerfo SD^ ^5 even a Kazi 
may become a menial; mis- 
fortune may reduce a great 
man to obscurity. 

33e>2, 373e!o5j paje, pajeyi, .s 1 . 
Algae, lichen. ^J^ft algae 
to grow. 

j. The tree Ficus congloinc- 
rata\ also XXrco ^4^. 

>y pata, ^^ sro^- 

patala, ^. Pale red, rose 
colour. 2. the trumpet flower 
plant; also s^yeS. ^ the 
trumpet flower. 
)kre)^ patali, s. The manager 
or warden of a temple. 

pati, J. A gang of work- 
men, particularly working 
on roads. 2. road-work; also 
s^fe3d t3?3. 3. a party, set of 

s^sd patha, J. A lesson, task. 
2. reading. i>>e3 a school. 
^v\p to commit to memory. 
^jsLr$ to deliver a lesson. 
^>jo^$ to learn or commit 
to memory, as a lesson; to 
practise, do frequently; to 
contract a habit. 
syszs* padu, .?. Likeness, simila- 
rity, mode, form, order. 
33s)^ pada, J. An oil vessel. 
2. a liquid measure equal to 
about one inaund. 
33-3 :s rf padaga, s. An anklet, 
padalu, sec *&$. 
padari, adj. Destitute, 
poor. 2. extravagant, reck- 
less, ruinous. 

padavalli, see Si A 
padavuni, c. v. (of ssa 
o cause to throw, place, 

padi, s. An under-wood, 
small forest; 




paduga, see 

duniyere, see under 

paduni (ssS), v. a. To 
throw, cast, fling; to dis- 
charge, as a missile weapon 
or fire-arm. 2. to place, put. 
3. to put on, dress. 4. to 
pour. e9c7v_to put on a coat. 
Xjo73o to shoot. J^rf5 to 
name. rfg5 to pour into a 
pot. Xo36S_ to throw into 
a well. zJfc^S to put into 
a hox. ssa thrown, dis- 
charged; worn; poured. 3o& 
3e<3 s^a ?ks^ lit. the task 
set and the food doled out; 
slavery which exacts the 
largest quantity of labour 
for the least pay. sTOTfcrSoSoTS, 
STOATS, 33sc??-3 lit. put for eat- 
ing; any thing serving as 
sauce or pepper-water. 

padenayi, see zizSsraaso. 
^ padonuni, reft. v. (of 
To wear, dress; to put 
on a mask. 
55t)cl 6 padnere, see under .S^T&S. 


jd paddana, ^. A legendary 


account of the demons and 
heroes of the Tulu country in 
verse. fto^res the tale of 
the demon Jumadi. zir^s 
to recite such verses. 

o padya, s. The first lunar 
day of either fortnight. 
. padruni, see 

>r^ pani, J. The hand. 

a marriage. 

pani, s. A large water- 

S3"5r3> panini, s, A celebrated 

Sanskrit grammarian. 
SjDcl pane, ^. A large earthen 


S3s)f! d pannere. J^ under s^fSoo). 

pata, patana, J^ 

S^, S3e)^r{ pataka, pataga, s. 
Sin, crime, sro^-o-, SD^, 333^ 
a sinner. 

s)3D^ patala, s. The infernal 
regions, hell. X-dotl _ X-do^ 
a drag to catch things under 
water; cf. X-dot$s^>37> under 
A^oil XoeD^ a demon so 
called. Xj^ore an eclipse 
below the horizon. -^3 a 
demon so called. 

pati, J. A small boat. 2. 
a trough or bathing tub. 3. 
a spout, drain, sluice, tube. 
4. a nursery for plants. 

^o patitya, s. A lapse, fall. 
2. loss of caste. 

patiri, s. A priest. 2. a 
demon priest. 

o pativratya, s. Chastity. 
patu, <2^". Bent. 
to bend, be curved. 
e)^o) patuni, J 
3 Id patera, ^. A word, speech, 
saying. 2. language. 3. a 
promise. r4Abna to promise. 



?3D3i papa 

2ooa3 333^rf crooiii I have 
something to say. 

vuni, paterpavuni, c. v. (of zz> 
do?)) To cause to speak. 2. 
to make reproach. 
33"e)ia pateri, see s&. 

pateruni (sro^5), r. n. 
To speak, say, converse, talk. 
t 1 . #. To reproach, scold, 

5^ patra, adj. Worthy, fit, 
suitable, s. Worth. 

573 J patra, patre, s. A 
vessel in general; a plate, 
cup, jar. 3c3 a round kind 
of water-gourd, 
patri, see sroBo. 
pada, s. A foot. 2. the 
foot 0?" line of a stanza. S? 
tfr water in which a spiritual 
guide has washed his feet; 
a foot-bath. -&e3 a foot-stool. 
T&'& worshipping the feet, 
as of a guru. ^^ a sandal, 
shoe. ?3?3 prostration ; per- 
sonal service. 

srfelri padattige, s. The pe- 
destal of a column. 

padarasa, s. Quicksilver, 

padari, s. The tree Big- 
nonia cJielonoides. 2. see suaj. 

padatige, see s^i^. 
padara, J. A pair. 
33e>c3ort paduke, paduge, 
s. Wooden sandals. 

Sj^cS pade, s. A rock. t a 
flower growing on rocks. 
TJoo^o, Polycorpaea corymbo- 
sa; cf. S5y^. 

33"3rfp padya, .?. Water for wash- 
ing the feet. 

)5j padri, padre, s. An 
European clergyman. 2. a 
Christian missionary, mini- 

panu, J. A page, 
pana, J. Drinking, -^^o 
drinking spirituous liquors. 

panaka, s. The cooling 
drink made from jaggory, 
pepper, and water mixed 
together, lemonade. ^"& 
offering such a drink to a 

33)^33e)^ panapatra, s. A drink- 
ing vessel, cup. 

SSD^, sra^e)?^ panasu, panasu, 
s. A lantern. 

S3e)> pani, s. Water. 

pane, ^. A kind of brass 
vessel. Sj3 a vessel made 
of palmyra leaves. 3^$ 
to make a small basket of 

panka, J^ ro~^. 


D3i papa, J. Sin, fault, trans- 
gression, iniquity, crime, 
guilt, wickedness, evil. 2. 
pity. adj. Vile, mischievous. 
2. pitiable. 9:%n?_ alas! 
what a sin ! what a pity ! ^ 
-&>r a wicked act. Xors a 



pay a 

depraved nature. 

_ d5^ confession of sin. ?ro 

tf, Sodr _33&5o3'd pardon, 

atonement of sin, absolution 

from sin. rfotfrf distress 

occasioned by sin. 4?o 

vice and virtue. ^uo^s to 

commit evil; to incur guilt. 

^a^reo^ to be hardened in 

sin. -dotfo^ to sin. 

)3i^ papate, s. The parting 

of the hair on a female's 


>!^j papatu, .? sra^)^. 

papari, s. Pauperism, des- 
titution. 2. a pauper, adj. 
Insolvent. fpers. 

s>rj* papasu, s. Shoes, slip- 

33e>3Js3)> papavun, see 

sissiQri paparige, s. Insolvency. 

33e>53e>i, papatme, s. A sinner, 


srasyssS papavu, adj. Bent. 
S3D33s>4?> papavuni (ssana), z/. . 

To bow, bend. ^. w. To be 

sufficient, enough. 

SG's^ papasu, see tt>3& 

papi, papishte, s. 

A sinner. 2. a destitute man. 
papu, s. A small bridge; 

a stone or log of wood, etc.) 

serving for a bridge. 
SJD^J papu, adj. Enough. - 
53"3^ pape, s. An image, statue, 

puppet, doll. adj. Bent, in- 

clined. rfo-rf a bent tree. 
to offer a re- 

presentation of one's self as 
a thank-offering to a deity. 
^e)^ papottu, adj. Suffering 
innocently. ?ftte$js$ an in- 
nocent sufferer. 


.r. A small 

wooden bridge. 

pamacca, s. A kind of 


jtdj pamaj, pamaju, 
s. Moss. 2. a green substance 
floating on stagnant water. 
330^ to become mossy. 

Sj'S^od pamara, adj. Ignorant, 
stupid, foolish. 2. wicked, 
vile, base, rude. &3 low, 
ignorant people. 33 igno- 
rance, rudeness. 

33Dsi>0 pamari, adj. Vile. 2. scab- 
by. 'AoeX scabbiness; itch, 

33e>oli paya, J. Foundation. 2. 
gain, profit; cf. s^osorf. & 
&$ to look to one's own 
advantage. <f.?tk?>, z3^$ 
to dig a foundation. 
to lay a foundation. 
$ to gain. 

sisodo paya, s. Coming into ex- 
istence, or being delivered 
of a child, as among Pariahs, 
etc. 2. see ^o&- _?&>, s^>odj 
&$ to be born, delivered of 
a child. 

33e)OJj?o payasa, s. A preparation 
consisting of rice, milk, and 
sugar. j-^o^. 

payapini, see under 



33e>0s> para 

payavuni, c. v. (of 
To ripple, agitate 
the surface of water. 

payi, s. A sail- 2. a mat. 
3. see srooio. s'uo .$, "rfo5;Qs> 

to take the sails in; to de- 
camp, run away. Asbrs, 
to set sail. 

payikhane, s. A privy. 
03orf, 33e>OBo:3 payida, payide, 
s. Profit, advantage, gain. 
2. ready money. 

payidala, s. Infantry. 
payinali, see 

to make pass or 
cross over; to deliver from 
a difficulty. 

parupopini, see era 

^ payisu, <2^/'. Public, 
published, known. 2. j^ sro 
odori. 3. ^^ ^c3. ^k^OvS to 
publish, advertise, notify, 
make known. 

payisa, ^^ roodo:d 
payuni (^030), ^/. n. To 
ripple, be agitated, as the 
surface of water. 2. to be 
diffused, as molten metal, 
etc., in a mould. 

03^^,0* payekkelu, sce 
^ payesu, see 

payyana, see sJa 

D* pary, J. An islet. 

paru, ^. The opposite 
bank of a river. 2. end, 
extremity. eySbft to pass, 
ford, cross over; to get 
through or over a difficulty. 

para, s. Guard, custody, 
keeping. 5353$, rfotfOvS to 
guard. -^o^a to guard, 
watch. o?:5>, s^>3o$ to 
place a guard. crooSo a 
sentry, guard, s^jszl) a?t>$ 
to put in a lockup. 

para, .s". Brooding, hatch- 
ing, incubation. s^5j?i3o Sotfo 
?> to brood, sit on eggs. s^> 
SJSAO Qe^?> to place the eggs 
for brooding or incubation. 
sj3-5jsXo eobr?) to prepare to 
sit on eggs after a fowl has 
finished laying them. 

333tfo6, ssDdosicdjF parampare, 
paramparya, s. Continuous 
order or succession. 2. tra- 

53-3 wt3e)^ parajata, see 3&a^g. 

S3'3tfc35C)3j paradaye, s. A guard, 
sentry, or watchman. 

SjeiCidj^? paramarthika,^ 1 . One 
intent upon another world. 
adj. Real, true, sincere. 

ssDO-sli parata, s. Running, a 

S3-3Ds)Crf:r3 parayana, s. Reading 
from a sacred book the lesson 
for the day. 

SS-SDD^?) paravuni, c. v. (of&&& 
o>) To cause to run; to drive. 

333 a pari 



pari, s. A milk pot. 2. 
water. 3. $ 
parige, < 

parijata, s. One of the 
trees of paradise, Nyctanthes 
arbor tristis. 2. the tree 
yielding every wish. 

parisa, see sro?>r. 

paru, J^ ^E>. 2. ^^ s^tf. 

> paruni (ss>5), 7-. ;z. To 
run. 2. to fly. 3. to escape. 
3e^ to expire. sjstfo^oSo, j^ 

r3 parupani, s. A drizzling 

^> parupatya, ^. Manage- 
ment, superintendence. ratf 
a manager, superintendent. 
parulu, j^ 3s>*j8o. 2. 

pare, s. The hip, haunch. 
2. the shoulder. 3. the scom- 
ber, a kind of fish; also 
4. .stftf 3333. 5. .? 
_awdo$ the hip or shoulder 
to be dislocated. 

parengi, s. An iron 
crowbar, used for digging. 
2. a lever. 
53-36000 parenji, see 3ft3a3. 

55)6e^ parelu, ^. A fugitive 

animal. 2. ^ 333^^0. 
5Ts6d parele, s. A runner; a 

run-away, truant ; a fugitive. 
33e>dJ3^o parolu, s. A young she- 

Sjs^rcl parkane, 5. Paying in- 

to a government treasury 

the revenue collected by a 
village officer. 2. examina- 
tion of coins, assaying. 
e)ir parte, see 33r. 
qjr partha, s. A name of 
Arjuna. &>~3 Krushna. 
pardana, see SJD^^. 

parpadilu, //. Ernpty. 
parvana, s. A particular 
funeral ceremony. 2. a cake 
used at a funeral ceremony. 
333 ^F 3 parvati, J. The wife of 


53)^r parsi, s. A Parsee. 2. the 
Persian language. 3e^, 
sto N the kingdom of Persia. 

parsva, J. A side. 2. a 
part. ai<^ the right side. 
3_ the left side. 

palu, s. A share, portion, 
part, division. 7^5, csoSo 
a partner, a^x on all sides ; 
dispersion. e?Ls> to be di- 
vided. ^jsbrstogiveapart, 
portion or share. 3$^$ to 
apportion. -Q?b$>, _7dj^ to 
divide. 333< /j sometimes 
added to cardinal numbers 
for the purpose of forming 
multiplicatives ; as, cro>- qua- 

palaki, J^ ^gc-S-. 

palake, .?. A keeper, guar- 
dian ; a protector, preserver. 
ostf_ a doorkeeper, porter. 
aaTve^S the regents of the 

OJ *-* 

eight points of the compass. 




e, s. Cherishing, pro- 
tecting, nourishing, nursing ; 

r3 palasa, palase, see 

pali, s. Invoking, address- 
ing in prayer. 2. a vow. 
-r^s to implore ; to make a 

palipuni, paliyuni, palisuni (^> 
>, sroc3), v. a. To nourish, 
cherish, protect, keep. 2. to 
bestow, give, grant, distri- 
bute, vouchsafe. 

i, SJT^O^O pale, palembu, s. 
The spatha of palm-blossoms 
or of an areca branch. 2. a 
cap made of areca spatha. 
3. the sole of the foot. 4. 
the tree Alstonis scholaria. 
3c2% the stalk of a spatha. 
>?>> to put on a cap; to be 
in servitude, t&^ft to hold 
a spatha ; to beg. e3\x$ the 
spatha of an areca branch to 
fall off. 3o_ a kind of grass. 
?3-)C!'^) palevu, s. A large tor- 

3T3DJc3 pal?una, see $>e>o re. 
A A 

33e>> palya, s. A grant. 2. m- 

TO . 

I? pavate, J. A step or stair. 
ft to erect steps, 
pavate, s. The bush 
Ptircft'i Indica. 

pavade, s. A foot-cloth; 

cloth spread on the floor at a 
wedding for the bride and 
bridegroom to tread upon. 

2. a girl's garment, skirt. 

3. a cover. 4. the cloth put 
on the back of a buffalo. 
^?i- a petticoat. 

e>sJrc* pavanu, see -^o>. 

iff, o3-;3Dc! pavane, pavane, 
s. A quarter anna, three pie. 

pavati, s. An acknowledg- 
ment. 2. payment. ~ 

sj^ pavana, s. Purification. 
2. penance, adj. Pure, puri- 

pavali, see *>&>>. 

pavu, s. A quarter seer. 
2. curing, as tobacco, etc.\ 
see es^Ssjc^. 3ULr$ to cure, 
as tobacco, etc. 
)^)^S23* pavupeicilu, ^. A sub- 
scription given to a demon. 
5^3 pavori, s. A leech. 

_ a larger kind of leech. 
pavoli, j. A quarter 

pasa, s. A fetter, chain, 
bond, tie. 2. a noose, snare. 

pasi, J 1 . Hanging by the 
neck. 2. algae. 3. a kind of 
glass beads. 4. bleeding of 
the nose or the gums. 3c-&> 
gallows. K =&s.bFd to hang. 

pasu, s. A mattress. 

j^ pasupata, ^. A Sivlte 

sect. 3^03533^ a kind of 




charmed weapon; Siva's tri- 

pasva, see CT^F. 

pashanda, J. Heresy, 

pashande, .?. A heretic, 
impostor. 2. a bigot, en- 

>^3F? pashana, s. A stone in 
general. 2. arsenic. j5?a 
the plant Frianthema pen- 
tantra. <o white arsenic. 
7fs& , Tic^ are some of its 

>?? pasu, s. The warp of a 
loom. 2. .sw sjs^o- sJfeS a 


border. a^s to prepare 
the warp. s^o$ to fix the 
warp in a loom. 
'd'zf pasu, j. Passing, as an 
examination or test. e?Ls>, 
sroste&s to pass, as an exa- 

pasupalike, s. A mattress, etc. 
2. sound sleep. 3. cohabita- 
tion, conjugal harmony. 

-37$ pasa, s. Fasting; /". erosrarf. 
2. the eleventh lunar day of 
either fortnight. 

^>Jve>o^ pasantra, s. Neighbour- 
hood, vicinity, suburbs. 

^eJS pasadi, postp. With, a 
sign of the social case ; a s, e? 
ccio S3?foa &>& go with him. 
crooSo a companion, associate. 
&>?ba to accompany, 
pasana, se 

^^ pasapini, see under s^>c3. 
333 ?o pasi, see TO^. 

^ pase, s. A kind of grass. 
o paspu, ^ 

pali, s. A rag, shred. 2. 


, 53=)S? pali, pale, s. The tip 
of the ear. 
33e)<$ pale, ^^ srod 
33e)^g, S3DS?o palya, palye, s. An 
army. 2. a halting place. 3oo 
stf a petty chieftain. 
pinga, J^ S:CAO. 

ortd pingana, pingani, 
see >o7TOr5. 

, 5jor16 pingara, ping-are, s. 
The blossom of the areca tree. 
pingari, s. Dissipation. 
, Ijcrl^ pingala, pingala, s. 
The fifty-first year of the 
Hindu cycle of sixty. 2. 
tawny colour; gold colour. 
&cri<$ ping-ale, s. A demi-god. 

called Yaksha. 2. fire. 
&orrseS pingani, ^. A small plate; 

porcelain, China ware. 
&orrad pingara, J^ ^cXd. 

^oSirs, ^jo2C 3 )r pinnana, pin- 
nani, see Lc7\srf. 

pinci, s. Parsimony, stingi- 
ness. adj. Parsimonious, stin- 
gy, miserly. -TOCJ a miser, 

ofcid, ^o23d, pinjara, pinjira, ^. 
A bird's cage. 2. the body. 


Zjozt pinja 



pirij'ari, adj. Dejected, 
spiritless. 2. timorous; timid. 

ofle^ pint a, pintangelu, 

see &?ot3. 

or3 pinda, s. A lump, heap, 
quantity. 2. a ball, globe. 
3. a mouthful. 4. an oblation 
to the manes, as a ball or 
lump of rice mixed with 
milk, etc. 5. the foetus or 
embryo, in the early period 
of gestation. 6. the body. 
obczsa^ssa a man entitled to 
make oblations to the manes 
of his deceased relations. &o 
^ e t& ^ ue foliation of the 

pindanda, s. The body. 
pindi, s. A bundle, parcel, 
burden. 2. what is squeezed 
or ground. 3. sec ^oa. -rfo 
rf^ harassing, dunning, teas- 
ing. ^ocwo^_ a bundle of 
cloth. soeJtfrf- a bundle of 


betel leaves. tfu^s to tie 
into a parcel or bundle. 
pindu, see 

pinde, see 

pinda, ^ ? 

pindinavu, pindiniye, pindonu- 
ni, sec under S-^Si. 
pinni, see Sbs*. 

. A hole. 2. the 
eye of a needle, etc. ^kcdoo 
& the eye of a needle to 


pimbili, sec e3c835. 

pinyanvu, adj. Small, 

&o*" pikiru, see >&B. 
273^, aj^^ej pikilata, piklata 
j. Cheating; wheedling, dis- 
honest dealing. 3otfOv$ to 
cheat, deal dishonestly. 
^ pikka, adj. Fast, as colour. 
=0)^, <x> : osx?5 <r pikkasu, pikkasu, 
s. A pickaxe. 

pikdani, ^6' L?^cros). 
^2^ picipici, adj. Miry, mud- 
dy. 2. oozing, trickling. $e5 
oozing water. 

picca, ^/. Left. -^ left 

picccanda, piccand.^ pic- 
cad/, piccandi, piccadi, s. The 
hind part. 2. fetters. si^ 
a rope to tie a horse's hind 
legs. ^wo/j to pinion, tie 
the hands behind. 
d piccali, see * e. 


picci, . Mammon ; /^ 
?^5. 2. the testicles of 
animals. 3. a nut, especially 
the cashew nut ; also &stf oO. 
-rfjsS a nursery field. % 
a^s> to play with cashew nuts. 
_ ci^s to castrate. 

picc&, adj. Left. ^ left 


piccoli, see 3 





pijakrd, see 
piji, s. A twist. 

pijinke, see t>3. 
ookF pijiatu, s. Twisting, 

pijintavuni, c. v. (of 
) To twist, writhe. 
pijintuni (teScB), v. n. 
To be twisted, writhed. 2. to 
be distorted, deformed. ^sesS 
the face to be distorted; to 
make a wry face. 
3ofc3s3 pijintele, s. A man 
whose features are distorted, 
a deformed man. 
^ pijike, s. A kind of tree. 
2. a twist. 
3^ pijikre, see das^. 

* An ant. 

are some kinds of ants. 
3^> pijipuni (fcaSS), zf. ^. To 
twist, as a rope, yarn, etc. 
ijir^, ^. A thin ear-ring. 

pijirige, s. The matrix 
of a screw. 

3do pijiruni (-335), .. To 
turn, return. 2. to abate, 
subside; as rain, fever, etc. 

pijji, *" A great grand- 
pijje, ^. A great grand- 



pijri, J. The corner end of 
a female's cloth. 
fo!>6 pitare, s. A chest or 
trunk of rattan. 

3 piti, s. Fear. 2. regard. 
3&S3 pitipiti, s. A small noise, 
^i&s to walk with short, 
rapid steps, as a child. 
to hop, skip, jump. 

pitilu, ^. A fiddle. 

^13, pittu, pitta, J. Tho 


tartar of the teeth. zi^Si 
the teeth to be incrusted 
with tartar. 

^?^, ^jb^Jv 6 ' pittasu, pittasu, 
adj. Brittle, fragile. 2. not 
properly baked or burnt. 3. 
delicate, frail, thin. 5. sordid, 
stingy, mean. ^ a half bak- 
ed earthen vessel. -g^-cDOSj 
a thin-shelled cocoanut. 5ftf 
^rasi a man of delicate consti- 
tution; a mean person. ste 

brittle ware. 
pittele, J. A miser, stingy 



oo^ pidita, piditta, 
pidta, i 1 . Discrimination, judg- 
ment; bet. So3 o . 

_D _J3 

s pidite, Jf5 3iX5. r razor . 
pidibalu, j. A kind of 
pidku, 5. Indisposition, 

, ^^ pita, pitru, s. A father. 
2. the manes 0r deceased 
progenitors of mankind. ^ 
^5or, 5DOJOF- worship of the 
manes by oblation of water, 
food, etc. &$ the day on 
which offerings are made to 
the manes of an ancestor. 




_dse3 the peculiar region 
or habitation of departed 
ancestors, tt a cemetery. 
ste 3 like a father ; a father's 


3uOo pitamahi, pita- 
mi, J. A paternal grand- 

e>do2c, ^3)s5j pitamahe, pita- 
me, s. A paternal grand- 
father. 2. Brahma, the great 

3> pituri, .&? 
pite, ^^ -^- 

pitty, J- Bile. 2. shifting, 

changing position; fickleness. 

_a??;s> to shift, change posi- 


pitta, adj. Bilious, choleric. 

53-&)> a jaundice producing 
salivation. art bilious fever. 

s'Qe-d a bilious constitution 
0r temperament. ^^o^, t? 
ctoos, _o3o?-do^ to be bilious; 
to be irritated. 

i 3 ^ P^ tta PP e J s - ^ man ^ 
bilious or irritable temper; 

a crack-brained man. 
]^c! pittara, ^^ ^rf^- 
^sS pittale, ^. Brass. 2. tinsel. 
_!?e!icroo3o one who listens to 
tales. -&> pure brass, the 
mixture of copper and zink. 

pitturi, see ^ 
pitre, sec >g. 

pida, fl^'. Outer. 2. lucky; 
cf. Lrfoso. ^ allurement, a 
lucky hand. -^osfc^ to 
allure, entice. ^ outside, 

pidanke, ^r ^-c^. 

pidangara, ^ 
pidambu, sec. 

i, J. A water-vessel; 
X^. 2. see under 
pidamale, Jt-e 33sk3. 
pidayi, <a?r'. Out, outside, 
abroad, adj. Outer. rf #0 
^ a covetous eye. crooSo an 
outsider, stranger, outcaste, 
heathen. cref a strange 
woman; a woman in men- 
struation. ?b^ to be in 
monthly course. &?&& to 
go to stool. 

pidara, s. The tie-beam of 
a roof, -a beam resting on the 
pillars of a veranda. 

pidaluni (&ssS), r. . 
To stumble, be sprained, in- 

pidadavuni, c. ?. (of 
To cause to start, 

3e>d>> pidaduni (LiroS), i*. n. 
To start, depart. 

:?) pidukonuni (-: **), 
7'. /.//. To know, understand, 
comprehend, ascertain, for 
one's self. 

pinari, see t-?jroa. 



pinasi, s. A cold affecting 
the nose. 2. a disease of the 
nasal membrane. 
> pini, adj. Little, small, 
slight, trifling. ,-bs very 
slight; as, b$ aisr a very 
slight drizzle. 

!& pinkatu, s. An atom, mite, 

P in P^vuni, c. 7-. (;?/" ba^ 
8>) To make known, commu- 
nicate, inform, report, reveal. 
!N> pinpini (^), "' #. To know, 
understand, comprehend, bo 
a4 what is known ; know- 
ledge, acquaintance, infor- 
mation. boajrocSo a man who 
is informed; a learned or wise 
man, scholar. ^ca^DoSo an 
ignorant man, a simpleton. 
bcdaoeos to know for one's 
self, btfcdo (you) don't know, 
(you) don't understand. 
^0 pippali, s. Long pepper. 
Piper longum. 
^> pippi, J 333y 
030* piyya, see &eo3pg. 
d pira, adv. Behind, after, as 
to either situation, or time; 
cf. L-d4. 2. again, back. 
^ support, help; as, $L 
^jsLr^ to support, help. 200 
^ an after-thought. epsX 
the hind part. 3ooso abate- 
ment. zJocaoo- front and rear. 
&3>z to abate, subside. &a 
~r& to give back. :-s3o?> 

to backslide; to with-draw. 
_ a?b to place behind, lay 
aside; to postpone, put off, 
defer. sJSTtjs to throw or 
put behind; to defeat, van- 
quish. -^8e^a to go back, 
return. eobrs to come 
back. 20j3TJo$ to lag be- 
hind; to fall back; to' be 
defeated, vanquished; to be 
put off, deferred. ^jtfok$ to 
do again; to delay, dilate. 
eyoSo 2W as>tfo3o he will not 
shrink back; he can be 
relied on. 

piranku, see b-doU. 
pirangi, s. A cannon. 2. 

pirantu, pirantu, 

piraka, ^^ s^j^ 
piraduni, see 

pirana, see s^jre. 

pirata, J^ 3d a. 

pirati, J^ ~)S. 

piradane, j^ ^drf^. 
doj pirapa, adv. Back; again. 
3^} piravu, adv. Behind, in the 
rear. TroaS a kind of brace- 
let. -eobrs, to follow, -^efcs 
to go back, retreat, return. 
D piri, s. A twist. 2. the spiral 
thread, as of a screw. 3. cure, 
healing. 4. abatement, re- 
moval. adj. Curing, healing. 
an antidote. 



, pirikattu, s. Cancel- 
lation, revocation, repealing, 
as an interdict, oath, etc. 
03 pirike, s. Twisting; wind- 
ing. 2. the state of being 
shaped like the spiral thread 
of a screw. 

piritini, s. A ceremony 

at Dharmasthala. 

piripavun, c.v. o~?> 
To turn, twist. 
piripini, see &&cdoo$. 
piripiri, adv. In a con- 
tinuous drizzle. 2. pratingly, 
loquaciously. cs^os to 
prattle, prate. SOTJF eoLrs> 
to rain, drizzle continuously. 
.LwoS piripu, ^. Abatement, re- 
moval; cessation. 2. anti- 

3 piripuni (&&), r. a. To 
twist, as a rope. 2. to cancel, 
repeal, revoke, as an inter- 
dict, oath, etc. 3. to counter- 
act; to abate, remove. 
&SOJj piriya, see ^jcdo. 2. see &&. 
&00&-,> piriyadi, J#? ^odjsro. 

:.j> piriyuni (t&), P. . To 
be sober, sane, or lucid, as 
after being drunk or insane. 
2. to be cancelled, repealed, 
as an interdict or oath. t> 
~~7 aoa3 ' trX 2oc35 indicates 
a changeable character. 
j piriti, ^^ ^eS. 
,:. pireduni, JtV ^"^os. 2. 

pirepuni, see 

Si, >6s3)> pireyuni, pire- 
(^),r.w. Toache, gripe, 
as the belly or bowels. 
6;fo) piresuni (^oJ), v.a. To 
peel, scrape or pare off, as the 
outer coatings of certain 
nuts ; to grate, as a nutmeg 
or cocoanut. 

pirmara, see 
pirmari, see 

pila, we ^e. 

pili, ^. A tiger. ^cr^a a 
big viper. ^jscrf^, _ ?. 
^o a large kind of wasp. 
a spotted thornback. 
a hyena. 
)o,'J; pilimbi, pilimbe- J. 
A low ground. [fish. 

pilikucci, j 1 . A kind of 

^ pilikutta, ^. Swelling of 
the head. 

&T? pilisu, s. A span. 
s3 pile, s. Impurity from birth. 
2. the menstrual. 3. humili- 
ty. ^uo^ft to humiliate. 
e>3o_ defilement, especially 
on account of birth or death 
in a family. 

^> c^ pilcandi, s. A demon so 
$, 3 pilli, pil!6, s. A silver- 

cn* <*j 

ring worn on the toes. ^oo 
i!tf the same ornament con- 
sisting of four silver ri 




ni, pillyavuni (*?$), ' To 
despise, scorn, slight. 

pisaci, J. A demon, 
evil spirit. 

p pisune, ^. A talebearer, 
informer, spy, calumniator. 
V S D S pisuru, ? Displeasure, 
anger. 2. self-conceit, ar- 
rogance. --^N to humiliate, 
humble. &br&, zk^o^ to 
be angry, offended. 
ook)* pisantu, s. Fretfulness, 
peevishness. 2. anger, dis- 
pleasure. ^y^s to be fret- 

jc&3, &^ofc3$3 pisante, pisantele, 
s. A fretful or peevish man. 
pisande, s. A kind of 

D 5 pisaru, see ^!o&. 
oc^ pisinte, see S:3cS3. 
vi>,3 piskari, ^. A syringe. 


piskavuni, c.v. (of brfOj 

To take by force, extort. 
2. to compel payment. 
o,> piskuni (^o^), ^. . 
To squeeze, press. 2. to pay 
on compulsion, pay in ready 
;rr^s pisnari, j^ ^e?i&. 

^oj<^, ^?j pilapila, pilipili, 
^//'. Sparkling, twinkling, 
glittering. -^c?s sparkling 
< pille, J. A child, baby. 

? pi, J. The ordure, excrements 
of human beings, dogs, pigs, 

o'sW, Sj^o^c^ pmkanu, pm- 
kanu, ^. The buttocks. 

ni, pmkavuni, c. v. (of tc3z 
^OK) To cause to slip, move 
or fly out. 2. to press out, as 
tamarind seeds or the testi- 
cles of animals. 3. to get 
on the sly. 

OTS^O^, ^o^J^ pmkuduni, 
pmkuni (t^c^, ^so^oS), v. n. 
To escape, slip out. 

pmkratu, see L?^. 

pmguluni, see ^ 


pincilu, adj. Thin, slen- 
der. 2. bent #r crooked. 
5^5 thin or bandy legs. 

plncelu, adj. Without a 
handle. ^^ a knife with- 
out a handle. 

pmjaru, see 

o^ 4 pmtu, j 1 . A twist; distor- 

2i?oi3s ff pmtang-elu, 
pmtelu, adj. Twisted, dis- 

pmtavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to twist or 
distort. T5js??? to make gri- 




oL'o> pmtuni (e=S), v.a. To 
twist, turn, wring. 

^ pmtelutana, s. The 
state of being twisted or 
distorted. 2. perverseness, 
crossness, wryness. 

^o2oo> plmbili, plmbu- 
li, see e3o20oe5. 

plkadani, s. A spittoon, 
pikratu, see 2^8. 

piriadamara, s. The 
pine tree. 

pitha, s. A seat; a throne; 
a pulpit. tf;3 the seat of 
Udipi Svamis. 

Z3 plthike, s. A preface, 
preamble, introduction. 
:icf, Sj^jS pldane, pldane, ^. 
Vexation, pain, suffering, 
anguish; cf. &#. 
^^]^>, ^j^?jo^ pidipuni, pidi- 
suni (t?a. L?ac3), 7-'. a. To vex, 
annoy, molest. 

oioo^ pldiyuni (^e5), 7'. w. 
To be vexed, annoyed; to 
zt plde, ^^ Lerfd 

pita, ^/'. Yellow. 

sD s ^!or^ pitarumani, s. A kind 
of medicine, \\ratram album. 
2. antimony. 

3"So^d pltambara, s. A yellow 
silk cloth. va Krushna, as 
wearing such a garment. 
rJ^ plnasu, see LjraS. 

plnari, <//'. Stinking, 
emitting a disagreable odour. 

a miser, niggard- 
rfo-d the poon tree, Sterculia 
foetida, Ailanthus. T 

?3J, i?33D03j plpa, pipayi, ^. A 
cask, tub. 
^oj plpi, J. A kind of pipe. 

ipuni, see &$$. 

pibale, ^. A little child. 
nnu, s. Miry earth. 

s - A small 

^oSj?P plyyo, intj. An expres- 
sion of ridicule, mockery, 
generally accompanied with 
clapping of hands. 

piriyuni, plru- 
ni (t^&, L5), 7'. ;/. To ooze, 
percolate. 2. jr^ 3S?~rfo^. 
^6 pire, s. A potherb, Zw^Jz 
acutangula. ^c-rf_, ^ca?6_ y 
CTOT? are varieties of the 

?6oft pirengi, see Ltfc?\. 
?0 pill, s. Pith, a kind of 
rush used as corks. 2. a 
peacock's feather, adj. Dry, 
thin, light. 3z3 the soft 
part of a bird's tail. ><? 
oox>$> to die out. - T?C?S 
the star in a peacock's 
feather. tfwo^ to be stunt- 
ed, to grow lean. 

pisuni, sec ^Tix^. 

punky, punku, see 

^jo^ punka 



punkanu, sec 

5 pungave, s. An excellent 
or pre-eminent man. -rfoo&_ 
the chief of sages. 

;rtj pungi, puigu, s. A < 
sort of drone or bagpipe. 

pungu, s. The Indian 
beech, Pongamia glabra. < 
2. see s^oAj. 

orta> punguni (^-^), V. a. To 
rock, toss, as a boat, etc. 

fis3 punge, pungele, s. 
A fickle-minded man. 
z^'z? punnatu, adj. Tender, 

:,: punca, s. A white-ant-hill. 
2. a snake's hole. 3. a kind 
of poison. crf a very 
good rice-field. rf ^Soof^ the 
termite soil used for chemi- 
cal processes. ^ a kind of 
02^23* puncalu, see s^z^. 
02* j puncala, .?. A kind of 
fly-brush, held by a devil- 

punja, s. A heap, collec- 
tion. 2. property consisting 
of ready money. 
ofcjss^ puntavuni, c. v. (of 
iSouos>) To cause to wring, 
press or express. 
oUo?j puntuni (s&oO), -j, a. To 
wring, as a wet garment. 2. 
to press or express, as juice 
from fruits, etc. 
od punda, adj. Mischievous, 

quarrelsome, wicked. &3 

pundade, s. A kind of 

pundari, see under 4&- 

cJe)Uri pundata, pun- 
datige, s. Mischievousness, 

pundi, s. The fist. 2. a 
handful. 3. the refuse of 
expressed cocoanut, etc., oil- 
cake. S55, i^orfD spare rice. 
ey^ci- the dung of an ele- 
phant. ^> 5^ ^rf^6 . &3e9_ 

PO 7 OO 

fowl curry and rice balls 
boiled in steam, and served 
on particular occasions. 

pundittu, see sQoasSi^ 

punditappu, s. The red 
sorrel, Hibiscus sabdariffa. 

pundinaru, ^. Jute. 

pundibittu, s. lit. A 
handful of seed. 2. a mode 
of sowing seed in the third 
rice crop (Aatflf). 

pundiyuni, ^^ 4^^- 
pundu, j 1 . A crowd, herd, 
flock, swarm. 

oz^orreori, ^c^o^^d punduga- 
rige, pundutana, see ^o^sw. 

punde, s. A bush, thicket. 
d &.. ^^ ago-rfd t355c$_ a 
thicket of bamboos. 

pundelu, ^^ 4soL^. 

punname, s. The day 
of full moon. 


02! punte, see *j 

pundi, <// Sapless. 

purnkatu, s. Storing, 
keeping. 2. ^r ^oXrij. 
c^o^ purnku, see ^or. 
ortFej* purngatu, .y. Fermenta- 
tion. 2. decomposition, decay. 
adj. Fermented. 2. decom- 

purngavuni, c. v. (of 
agcAor^,) To cause <?r allow to 
ferment or decompose. 
orijc-^ purnguni (^=^~), v. n. 
To ferment, undergo fermen- 
tation. 2. to decompose, 

purngelu, adj. Fer- 
mented. 2. decomposed, de- 
cayed, mouldy. 
or>Fs3 purngele, s. A dirty 

purncun (^=, v. a. 
To squeeze, as a lemon, etc. 
purnde, s. A thorny bush; 
^/". %z3. adj. Shaped like a 
bush. 2. distended, enlarged. 
^uo^ to be shaped like a 
bush. 20ca ^ozSr ^uo a the 


belly to distend. 

rsa, s. Manhood, virility. 
pukalayisuni, see 

pukara, pukari, s. 
Rumour, report. 2. alarm, 
noise, -siotfo^, e^JiS) to 
raise an uproar. 

pukusate, adj. Vain, 

useless. 2. false, untrue. 
a dr. For nothing, in vain; cf. 

pukuli, s. The anus. 
pukky, J^ ^Oj. 
pukkate, J 1 ^ 55- -~ 

^r3Sr^,^ pukkalersavuni, 

^ ester 4 s>. 


pukkaliyuni, see ^ix> 

pukku, ^. Fear, timidity. 
'. Timid. ^ e a^^_ being 
easily overcome by fear; a 
frightened goose. -3> co- 

pukke, pukkele, ^. A 
timid man, coward, sneak. 

puklayisuni, J^ =^ 

puklersavuni, 6. r-. 
To instigate, incite. 

pugarige, ^. Praise, 
eulogium, flattery. 

o^ pugaruni, puga- 
luni (s&A5. b^'f), c'. ^. To 
praise, laud, eulogise, flatter. 
F^ puge, s. Smoke, vapour, 
fume. rfj^3o3 _ a ^A<5 a 
steamer. ^ TTO^ a railway 
train. a^s to wish for 
one's ruin. -^s^s to be 
affected with smoke. e^>oso 
a shelf in the kitchen. S 
aLs, _ zrarfoa to expose to 
smoke; to fumigate. 

pugepuni (3#), "'. . To 
expose to smoke; to fumi- 




pugeyuni (3*), v. n. 
To smoke, reek. 

pug-ere, s. Tobacco. ^-, 
20^020, TWorCi are some 
kinds of tobacco. 

& pugelu, puggelu, 
5. The shoulder. -j&3^?> to 
give shoulder; to help, assist. 
pucukku, s. The force, 
as of spitting. -:ro^odoo?> to 
spit out with force. 

puccadi, s. The hind 

pucce, s. Braiding or plait- 
ing hair. 2. braided hair. 
_2po7\s5 ornaments worn in 
the braids of hair. 3?=-$ 
to plait, braid. 

pucee, s. A cat. ^> a wild 
cat. ^oou_ a male cat. ^reoo 
AO a civet cat. jsoi a 

cat-fish. rfooyj a kind of 



JS puccekuli, s. A tooth 
growing after the eightieth 

ocfF pucceparndij, s. The 
fruit of Pavetta Indica. 

puta, ^. A page of a book. 
2. folding or doubling. 3. a 
pair. 4. the purifying or 
calcining of metals, etc., by 
fire, ^tf the hands joined, as 
in supplication, etc. c^rfD 
both nostrils. EpcroS ^SJBAO 
fcebs 0r ssrfos to subject 
gold to the process of purifi- 

putani, see 

putta, ^'. Small, little, 
diminutive. 3j*iioX a small 
kind of earring. 

puttanu, ^. A kind of 

puttana, s. A thistle. 
.)> puttavuni, c. v. (of 4 


U3j) To produce, originate, 
give birth to, cause to be 
born, cause to take place. 
13 putti, s. A small round 
basket. a^o^ a wickered 

puttu, s. Cowries; also 

2. see sooyo.. AJS 

to play with cowries. 

puttuni (4^), v. n. To 
be born, come into existence. 
2. to arise, originate, spring 
up or from, be produced. 
^or_ to feel pity. rfjso_ 
to be sorry. s^>e? a child 
to be born. ^^ a report 
to be afloat. 
fc3 putte, ^. A fox, jackal. 


putla, s. A bubble, blister, 
pustule. *^S a blister to 

^ putha, ^ 'e ^u. 
^ puda, ^r<? ^^o. 

pudatelu, J. A bruise. 
crack, adj. Bruised, broken, 

do^ pudapuni (^), v. a. To 
break, burst. 

pudayi, s. A basket. 





pudasu, sec ^c3. 

pudiiduni (^ssS), i>. a. 
To prostrate, bow, salute. 
puddyi, see sgrfoso. 

pudavuni (53^), v. n. 
To break, burst. 2. to ache, 
smart. 3o& lit. the eye 
to break, smart; to lose one's 
sight, abus. o& a boil 
to open. eT?_ to have head- 
ache. Ascw to have sore 
throat; to become hoarse. 

pudi, s. A sore, ulcer, abs- 
cess. 2. see 4^- 
S^a pudi, s. A handle, haft, hilt; 
cf, 4^o- 

pudike, s. A small basket. 

pudipu, .?. Covering, cloth- 
ing. 2. 5^ ^&4- 
)^^)^ pudipuni (5S>), 77. <z. To 
offend, provoke. 2. to quar- 
rel, fight; j/. ea^s. ^!i3?ja 
fos> to be offended ; to quar- 
rel with each other. 

pudu, s. Holding, grasp- 
ing, handling. ^ the shaft 
of a plough. 2-^ a rope 
attached to the yoke of a 
plough, to serve as the 

puduku, s. Slight, dis- 
paragement, depreciating. 2. 
insult, indignity. 

pudukuni (s5ti>F), r. n. 
To be afflicted, grieved. 
Sjclj^ puduta, adj. Foolish. 
^)^o3$)^ pudupuni, see 

d pude, s. Border, edge, brink, 
margin, brim. 2. interval, 
space, ^o'rfrf- the border of 
a field, ^o^^ the eye-lid. 

_ the brink of a well. 
the side of a wall. 
to trim the borders, 
as of a field. -rfoo'eJ up to 
the brim. 

pudekuni, see ^zStfoa. 

pudepuni (#3), v. a. To 

winnow, fan. 

j|rfj?j puderuni (^o), 7-. n. To 
suppurate, break, burst. 2. 
to be haughty. 
rl, pudke, <7^'. Plump, fat. 


es33 a pl um p child. 
pudke, ^. A stout man. 

,^) pudpuni, ^ 

d pudpele,^. A quarrelsome 


;!} pudyaduni, 

na,^. A dead body, corpse. 
adj. Dead. 2. inactive. tf 
W^ to grow stiff, -ff^o^s to 
bury a corpse. 
rc.^ej*, pnnakattu, a^". Envu-i- 


ated, slender, reduced to 
skin and bone. 

punake, see *r^. 

punarapuli, s. The 
mate mangosteen, Garcinia 

punalu, ^. Floating. 
punaluni, see 




c puni, .s\ The border of a 

punikally. s. lit. A 
hand-stone (cgca^V 2. a 

\ po/ 

small pestle for, grinding 
turmeric, etc. 

rs^ punike, s. Tamarind. 
_ -rfo3 the tamarind tree. 

C&e3. punikotte, s. A tama- 

rind seed. 

punuugu, pu- 

nugu, s. Civet. d ^^ a civet 

cl pune, -y. Security, bail. 
a surety. 

ni, punepuni, punevuni (^), 
#. a. To persevere till one has 
avenged himself; to contest 
to the last, as a suit. 2. to 
compete, vie. 

punevu, s. Resoluteness. 

punya, s. Religious merit, 
virtue. 2. a good action. 3. 
purity, purification, adj. Vir- 
tuous, good, meritorious. 2. 
pure. 5^jr a virtuous deed; 
a meritorious act. sse; an 
auspicious occasion. &s$r 
a sacred river. a?j a sacred 
day. $v the fruit of one's 
merits. e^?^ heaven. ^o 
3 a virtuous man. ri tf, 
a sacred place of 

pilgrimage. 3otfo^$ to per- 
form holy or virtuous acts. 
l, ^reDcSi^ punyatme, 

punyadige, s. A virtue u.srui.1!. 
a fortunate man. 
?s3oari puuuyadige, s. Good- 
ness; well being; good for- 
tune, prosperity. 

punyaha, s. A lucky 
day. 2. purifying. s^ei^ 
purifying a house, etc., after 
accouchement, etc. 

. *S^i,i 33) |o P utta P uttU 

putte, j 1 . A darling. rtd?/. 
Darling, beloved. 

0, ^)l^o^ puttali, puttoli, J. 
A gold coin, ^cd an image, 
puppet. -2?c7\s5 gold of 12 
carats. rftf a string of such 
coins, worn by females. 
l putre, J. A son. ^ an 
adopted son. ^^j^ossS hav- 
ing a family. ^&e^>tf adop- 
tion of a son. 

puda. J. A dove, pigeon. 

)d=^^s3 pudangara, pu- 
dakadale, see ^rfcX-d. 

pudake, see 3$^. 2. ^^ 

^. A kind of game 
by making alternate motions 
and mutually clapping each 
other's hands. 55^0$, f^ 
^i)^ to play at such a game. 
dws6 pudabare, s. A demon 
so called. 

pudaru, s. A name, ap- 
pellation, designation. 2. 
fame,- celebrity, reputation. 
e?L$, -e^OjS to become 
known. ;s> to utter a 





person's name ; to bring 
one's reputation into discre- 
dit. sratiis to name. ? 
?} to be celebrated. 

pudapini, st'c "~o &b& 
under ~-j. 
pudina, s. A kind of mint. 

puduku, s. Boasting. 
w, pudukku, fldfo. Sudden- 
ly, at once. f^Scciooa to 
pour suddenly, as a bag of 
rice. [paddy, 

pudubaru, s. New 

pude, J. A load, burden, 
pudepuni, see ^szS^sj. 

J pudelu, s. A bush, shrub, 
puddaru, s. The harvest 
feast; a ceremony observed 
in partaking of new produce 
for the first time. 
3 pudde, see &^. 
3 punah, adv. Again, once 

S? punarapuli, see 

^tfi3* punarutthana, s. Re- 

SejN^r^, ^^-^^ punarjanma, 
punarjalma, s. Being born 
again; regeneration. 2. trans- 
migration of the soul. 

.-o punarvasu, ^. The 
seventh of the lunar man- 

,-L3?Cf! punarvicarane, s. 
Reconsideration, review. 

~^i^ punarvivaha, s. Re- 

punaluni, see 
^^CcI punascarane, s. Repeti- 
tion of mystic formulas or 

punasthapane, s. Re- 

punaha, ^<? ^^ s - 
punike, ^^ ^rf^. 

punlta, adj. Free from 
sin, purified. 3otf^$ to ab- 
solve, purify ; to justify. 
punugu, see 
puppala, see 

cay, rottenness. 

puyintelu, s. The 
tenth Tulu month. 
d pura, s. A city, town. 2. a 
house 0r any receptacle. 
sraa a citizen. 
d pura, ^^ ^J- 

dcdO purandare, J. A name 
of Indra. ^cr^cro^ a cele- 
brated Canarese poet. 

purake, s. A bad smell. 

puratu, s. A dowry. 

puramardane, s. Rub- 
bing of the body with an 

purame, see ^oreo. 

So purameyi, s. A mucous 
body. [;&fd. 

Ss*, ^ro3 puralu, purale, see 
tiz* purasu, see t?^* 

puraskara, s. Reverence. 



53) do puru 

=g\^ purakruta, see ~j&^. 
(Csjra purana, s. A sacred and 
political work comprising the 
Hindu theology, adj. Old; 
ancient. 3$ an old story. 
_ 3tfo3 God. There are 
eighteen acknowledged Pura- 
nas, namely, && , ^4 > 

* v i _^/ O O 

20j55S, OZi , C97X , ^sio _, 

-^6 3 C5 


puranike, s. One who 
reads or narrates sacred his- 

^ puratana, adj. Ancient, 

)D puri, see &3. 

S puri, ^. A worm, mite, moth. 
2. skin parasite. 3. twining, 
twisting, as threads. 4. coir 
yarn. ^ mulberry leaves. 
_30^ coir. -5^$ to twine 
coir yarn. -rfotfo^ to prepare 
a rope from cocoanut fibre. 
_ ^oeb$ to suffer from ring- 

puring-uni, see ^oXor^. 

purigantu, s. Anything 
eaten or perforated by worms. 
adj. Worm-eaten. 2. envious, 
jealous. 3. obstinate, stub- 
born. cfttejsfc, 5g>Ac&3 an 
envious or obstinate fellow. 
0^0^ purijantra, s. Malice, 
envy. 2. mischief. 3. obsti- 

nacy, self-will. 3^>tfo$ to 
talk maliciously. 

puripu, .y. The twist, as of 
a rope or cord. rf 20^0 a 
bullock-driver's whip or rod 
with its handle twisted with 

puriyolu, s. An eel. 
u,^. A snail, adj. Small, 
tender. 2. snail-like. $ a 
tender fruit, bud. ecroe3 a 
suckling. &todo$ to be very 
slippery; to glide like a 

purunkuni, J^ ^o^or^. 

purunguni, ^i? 5SoXor?i. 
purungele, see ^o-R-g. 
2. a sickly person. 3. a reluc- 
tant worker. 4. a stingy 

53)doot! purunde, see ^ozfr. 
puruku, see ^^or. 

rs, ^jdo^o^ purukucca- 

2<O* * 

na, purukutse, see 
purubu, see 
purushatva, s. Manhood, 

S^do^d^purusharatna, s. A kind 

of medicinal plant, lonidium 

suffruticosum . 

sdoss~3^F purushartha, s. Hu- 
man desire, object of life. 

2. benefit, use. 
5>do3 purushe, s. A man, male. 

2. a husband. 
!$&&&{^;$0 purushottame, s. 

The best of mankind. 2. a 

3) Co puru 



name of Vishnu. 3. the name 
of a man. 

purusattu, see $~~& 
6 pure, s. A roof, ceiling. 
3oe- the upper part of a 
roof; pi. &33j$j materials 
of a roof. 

, 5j)6s3oi purericuni, pu- 
recuni, sec ^odo^a. 

purepuni (#3), 7'. a. To 
roll, turn over. 2. to retract, 
recant. 3. to impute, attri- 

)d^o>, 5j)3oi>o> pureluni, pure- 
yuni (#3), 7'. n. To roll. turn. 
-3ro& to come out, as a young 
bird from the egg-shell. 
8^o^, 35)6^,) ^ puresuni, purei- 
suni (#35, #3c3), r. n. To 
complete, fulfil. 2. to afford. 
3. to be satisfied. <OCTT 33^32 
I cannot afford. 
5jS^2oJ purohite, s. A family- 

purka, s. Remains, residue, 
saving. 2. frugality, econo- 

mv - [eyes. 

re* purkannu, s. Purulent 

^^~i; purkatu, pur- 
kate, adj. Diminutive, small. 
5)r4ri purkavuni, c. t-. (of 
^orsi) To bake in embers, 
half bake. 2. to save, lay 
up, rake, hoard. s^TSvrS, zbz> 
to spare, save, reserve; to 
lay out frugally. 

S:* purkasu, s. A very 
small thing. 

purki, 5. The rheum of 
the eye. 

purkuni (sS^o^), 7-. ?/. To 
be half baked. 2. to become 
soft. 3. to rot, decay, become 

purga, ^. Sour gruel or 

purgatu, see ^5Xo& 
purguni (^AF), --. n . To 
be well boiled, as rice. 
purcuni, sec 

, s. The tender areca 
blossoms. 2. J^ =5^- 

purbu, s. The eye-brows. 
puryolu, see ^Sc^oo. 
purli, ^. The wild hog- 
plum. 2. see ware^er. 
c^)?iF3 s , O^^FS^ pursatv, pur- 
sattu, ^. Leisure, opportunity. 
occasion, time. 2. relief, rest; 
also ^p3jseF;l). _ 4^$ to be at 
leisure. Htz^s to take 
time. zJj*o^s> to find an op- 

~rf pursada, ^^ ^/ 
pula, s. Pasturage, graz- 
ing ground. 2. reminiscencos, 
recollection of old associa- 
tions. .ocreos) cattle to low 
for their old pasturage; to 
call to mind old associations. 

pulankena, sec 3^,,g- 
) pulampuni 
To set afloat; </. 




pulaka, s. Horripilation, 
erection of the hair from 
ecstasy. 2. rejoicing, festi- 
vity. Wcpz^, ^ffs^es'bath- 
ing an idol in scented water 
on a festive occasion. 

pulapavuni, c. i\ (of 3 
To cause to float. 

^j^'^o pulabu, pulame, 

see ^p^aoo. 

^)S3e>Q ff , c^)S3e><3 pulavady,pula- 

di, s. Pasturage, grazing- 


Oe>4 pulavuni (3^>), v. n. To 


puli, s. Acidity. 2. a sour 
fruit. 3. tamarind. 4. leaven. 
5. pride, arrogance, adj. Sour, 
acid. ^^ a tamarind seed. 
_ odj. _^o!3, XoO, E^O any- 
thing very sour. -tfcazJS 
sauce, condiments, /. mixed 
with acids, boiled and sea- 
soned. ^e?? a wry face. 
_ ijse2i^4S) to be arrogant. 
_ 53-UoS) to squeeze a lemon 
or other sour fruit; to check 
one's arrogance, to humiliate. 

are varieties of 
sour fruits. 
puli, see 3&- 

pulijantra, J^ 3&o^. 
pulipavuni, 6\ 7'. (of 

To make sour; to 

)0^ pulipu, pulupu, s. 

pulipuni ( s S- > ), V. a. To 
irritate, itch. 

>33)>, ^jSodjj^i pulipuni, puli- 
yuni (35), v. n. To become 
sour; to be leavened. 

pulippena, adj. Sour. 

0?5 S pulisu, s. Police. 2. 
money, cash. 

puleyij s. A skin. erotf 
^ a deer's skin. 
sSoiioj), ^jsS^^puleyuni, pule- 
vuni (^?), 7-'. . To smart, 
feel sharp pain. 

pulevu, J. A crack. 2. a 
patch. 3. a crook, bend, 
curve- 3^$ to remove the 
, pulka, see ^^. 

pulkadi, ^. A handful of 


grass given by a vendor to 
the purchaser of cattle in 
token of striking the bargain. 
pulkotte, s. Tamarind 

pulpu, adj. Tepid, luke- 
warm ; also ^ewdei 

pulya, ^ ^e ^ 

pulladi, J. A place over- 
grown with rushes. 

pullayi, ^. A kind of 

pullavuni, see 




SJ ) pulli, s. A sheet of paper. 
2. $ 3%- 

3j) crt pullinga, ^. The mascu- 
line gender, gram. 

Sj^o pullu, s. A rush. 2. a 
kind of grass. XS, see 3 
e^a. $e5 grass and water, 
cattle fodder. XS a mat 
made of rush. 3>3<5 a bush 
of rushes, bulrush. -Sot^a 
to pluck out a grass blade; 
to twist the ear. &s>ut>4$ 
to pluck the feathers. 

pulle, s. An off-shoot. 2. 
a split, splint. 3. set ^ <? 
rfo^X a kind of deer. ^ZSD 
4$, _ a?L>$, e^jjS to sprout, 

pulleyi, J. A kind of 

3* pullelu, .s. Abundance, 
increase. 2. gluttony. 

jejp^s;, v)^ c^JSs3 pu- 

CTO w coii 

lya, pulyakela, pulyakole, s. 
Morning, day-break. adv. 
Early in the morning. 

s^^s^j puvalu, puvolu,^. 
The navel. 

pushkatu, see ^^U. 
, pushkala, adj. Copious, 
full, complete. 2. much, 
many. 3. excellent, eminent, 

pushta, adj. Nourished, 
fed. 2. strong, stout. 

pushti, s. Increase, thriving. 
2. stoutness, strength. 

pushpa,^. A flower, blossom. 

o pushya, ^. The tenth lunar 

j^oO^ri pushyaraga, s. The to- 
paz, chrysolite. 
)3o pushye, s. The eighth of 
the lunar mansions. 

'oS pusa- 

layisuni, pusalyasuni, (^ 
cxaoco, ^rfe^oJ), v.a. To coax, 
cajole, persuade, fawn. 
*,, Sj^J, pusku, pusku, ^^ 


puskatu, puskate, 
/'. Vain, useless, feigned. 
2. empty, adr. In vain, for 

^? pustaka, ^. A book, volume. 
r^ pusti, J. Instigation, abet- 
ment, incitement. 2. help, 
support. 3. a portfolio for 
keeping loose papers in or 
for placing under a paper 
while writing on it. t&ra 
to instigate, back up. 
?5)i ^)^ pussu, pussu, .s-. The 
hissing sound of a flash in 
the pan, when the gun does 
not go off. 2, unsuccessful 
termination of an undertak- 
ing, coming to nothing, de- 

^ pula, see 30. 
pulaka, see 

pulabbu, .sw 
puli, wt- ^a. 2. see as. 
^oCj pulinde, J. A hunter, for- 
ester, savage. 


$ puli 



pulikantu, see tinder 

pulicaru, s. A sour 
kind of sauce. 
3^ pulipu, s. Acidity. 

9 puliyaralu, s. The 
yellow wood-sorrel, Oxalis 

tfj^o puluku, ^. Slipping out, 
anything soft or greasy. 
pulevuni, see 

, pulku, see 
%^ pulkotte, see $3^8. 
pulla, w* ^je. 
$ pulli, s. A grand-child. 
sU pullu, J* ^wj,. 
^ pullena, ^^ ^%^- 
3 pu, s. A flower, blossom. 2. 
a cataract in the eye. & 
X) a sore mouth. trooso a 
very young fruit. 3 dree3 a 
garland of flowers. &^ct3 
a bunch of flowers, nosegay. 

-rfo^a a disagreable smell of 
flowers. sstfeus, 4e--^, so 
&rs> to flower, bloom, blossom. 

to wear flowers. 
punke, j. Mould, mildew. 
z;^^ to become 

orio5> punguni (^oK), z 1 . n. To 

punje, s. A cock. 2. a 
family-name among Bants. 

^?3^S) a cock to crow. 

puntuni, see 3000$. 

^. A thicket, 

clump, as of bamboos. 2. 
matter from a sore. 

os punte, adj. Light, very 
light, not heavy. 

o:! pumbe, s. The flower bud 
of a plantain. 

pukare, ^. An ornamental 
structure, as the stake of a 
bullock race. 33^0$ to fix 
a post of such a structure; 
to ornament the ridge of a 
racing field, 
puki, s. A fart. 

pukute, adj. Empty, 
void. s. An empty mouth. 
s^jdo, S^s^ pukuru, pukru, 
adj. Tender, young, little. 
2. sallow. 

pukre, ^. A sickly man. 

puga, s. A betel-nut. 
puce, see ^.. 

i, ^. A demon priest. 
2. a Billavar or toddy-drawer. 
323D>OF pujarme, s. The ofiice 
of a priest. &&4 , 5^ a 
demon priest who is also the 

8t3s>4?> pujavuni, c. v. (of ^^^ 
>) To cause to smear or 

pujita, adj. Worshipped, 

pujuni (3*2), v. a. To 
smear, rub. daub, apply. 

puje, s. Worship, adora- 
tion; prayer. ^03^; princi- 
pal worship in a temple, 
to worship. 

5^8 53 a F purva 

pujya, adj. Worshipful. 
adorable, venerable. 2. 
blank, void. s. A cipber. 
dignity, nobleness. 

puti, .?. Mcmbrum mulie- 
-o pudu, see ^ 8 ^- 

puta, (7. Of or belonging 
to a flower. 2. purified, cleans- 
ed. 3. see s&og. 

putani, s. A giantess kill- 
ed by Krishna. ^^^5 

punine, s. A very tender 

punlru, s. Flower and 
water placed in a demon 
shrine. a?~d to place flower 
and water before a demon. 

pupuni (^), v, n. To 
break wind, fart, vlg. 
ssSd pupele, J. One who farts 
frequently, vlg. 
e^DCi pubire, s. A kind of 

^JS^, ^ssJJS^ pumale, pu- 
malike, sec under ^. 

^~S pumlny, s. A trout. 
pura, ^fc' vnr?". 2. 

purita, <?.//'. Filled, com- 

pureisuni, J<?<? 
d purottara, 

puranda, <//'. Vindictive. 
2.implaccable, unappeasable. 
33^ implaccable hatred. 
^5 purattara, ^^ ^s^a?^^. 
_^o purappara, ^//'. Clear 
(?r full understanding. 
pura, sec & ref. 

purna, ^'. Full, filled, 
complete. 2. all, entire. 3. 
able, powerful. adi\ Wholly, 
completely. -3, _a fulness; 
the whole; ability. 
srerCjj, s^tirsr^j purnami, pu- 
rname, see ^ore^So. 

purti, J. Fulness, com- 
pletion. rfotfo^s to complete, 

purva, adj. Former, prior, 
first, before, in front of. 2. 
east, eastern. s. Ancient 
times, clays of old; the east. 
3^or former actions. TOO 
former time. -5 progeni- 
tors, ancestors. -- the first 
member of a compound word, 
sentence or verse, gram. & 
So in olden times. 

purvapaksha, J. A 
proposition, assertion, the 
first part of an argument. 
353DF3Jc; purvapara, s. Past 
and future, former and lat- 
ter. r. :/"? pu>t and future 
SJSF^^) purvabhidre, ^. The 
twenty-fifth lunar mansion. 
8S3DF35Di^ purvashadha, s. The 
twentieth lunar mansion. 
STSF^purvahna, s. The early 
part of the day, foivnonn. 



piirvike, s. An ancestor, 

tf purvottara, s. Cir- 
cumstances, particulars of a 
person or event. , 

puvari, s. Rice used at 
the worship of a demon. 
rf^S) to throw rice on a 
demon priest. 

puve, s. The day preceding 
the full moon. 

3^0 puvoiu, s. The navel. 
2. a thin film between the 
pulp and seed of a jack fruit. 
sSd pusara, s. A kind of gar- 

, Sjp^c! pushana, pushane, 

pusuni, see 

3o3jpulandaye, i'. A demon 
so called. 

pulu, s. A chip, small 
piece of anything. 2. a piece 
of betel nut. ^^4 a vegetable 
curry. s&>^o small pieces. 
^osorf a piece of a fruit, c&o 
M a piece of dry betel nut. 
ai^osod a piece of fresh or 


preserved betel-nut. &?L$, 
to slice, chip, cut. 

pruthivi, pruthvi, J. 
The earth. 

prushtha, s. The back. 2. 

the rear, last. 3. the back 

or hind part of anything. 

penganne, ^ 3*. 
^ pengatana, ^. Silliness, 
stupidity, foolishness. 

pengare, pengara, 


orio pengu, a<^/'. Blackish. 

o^, 32oe2 2 penge, penne, s. A 
fool, stupid fellow, simpleton. 
ti: pecca, ^^ &$ 


^ pe]a, s. The wild jack, 
Artocarpus pubescens. v ^s 
oso its fruit. 

wo^ojj, sSt^^o^ pejankuni, pe- 
jakuni, see ^paio^o^. 
z3oo^, ^tdo^ pejipini, pejjuni 
(S3, ^), z,. a . To select, 
choose. 2. to pick up. 3. to 
pick or remove stones or 
paddy from rice, etc. 
2ou^"soSo pejirenaye, s. A demon 
so called. 

P e JJ> s - Gruel, rice water, 
porridge. 3 ^s, j^^ &soe!)A 
^, pettu, s. A blow, slap, cuff. 

&S&FS to beat, slap, cuff. 

<SK ) $ to receive blows, be 
beaten. si>tl>i to eat 

fo^rf pettug-u, adv. Immedi- 

ately, directly. 

Sj.os* pettanku, see aaio^. 


pettige, s. A box, chest. 

a square pillar or 
3513. rt pettige, see s3SK. 

20 6J 

sSeJ petla, J<?^ ^?w,- 
sSejbo^ petlupu, see ^y^ 5 ^- 
33^ petta, s. A cow. -ijKc^ a 
kind of Cassia tora; cf. 
pedumedi, see 3c| 

id peda 


333 peri 

pedanke, s. Stumbling, 
tripping. 2. sprain. eo^-do 
a to be sprained. 

33rfori* pedaiigu, adv. Bebind 
the back. ^u^a to pinion 
behind, as the hands. 

sSriortd, sScSorreoQj, ?3;j37^ pe- 
dangara, pedan^ayi, pedangei, 
s. A water-pot placed out- 
side a house for washing 

33c5otoopedambu, adv. Obliquely, 
not directly. ^orfo^a to cut, 
shave, etc., obliquely. 

3323=53 e3 pedakale, s. A demon so 

see kcfckd 

peddoldi, see sSdtx 

^ P 

pedpavuni, . v. (of 33 
To assist a woman in 
child-birth, serve as a mid- 

a , 33rf:> ^ pedpini, pedduni (3 
S), ?. a. To bear, bring forth, 
as a child. 

c^a pedmedi, s. A woman in 
child-bed, lying-in woman. 
$* pensu, s. The lungs. 

^3* pensilu, s. A slate or led 

sJ , ?333, peppu, peppe, s. Dumb- 
foundedness, speechlessness, 
as from amazement, etc. sjs 
*rioa to stammer; to speak 

3;^ pebbe, s. A dolt. r^ 

perangayi, sic " 

..'" perantu, sec 

33 do 3* perantu, sec 

siiD^ perade, ^. A hen. 
-&4a, -333$ to cluck. 

33d ^ perata, s. A ceremony per- 
formed in behalf of females 
who have become pubescent. 
2. see 35j?^. 

perati, see ^. 

^oci peradane, pera- 
mane, s. A grater, scraper. 
^3 a kind of moss. 

s3dcS perade, see ~- 

f^^3 perastana, see ^jorfo^. 

33o-ilr perarte, see ttd. 

33o)23r perarde, s. The ninth 
Tulu month. 

33s peri, see 5cdo. 

^S= perike, ^. A bullock's load. 
2. any burden. s^>roa to 
load. eoj3~doa, ^ sScxior. 

33Dodo periya, adj. Large, great, 
high, superior. jSoso honey. 
TOO a highway. 

sSocrfoosSj periyamme, J. A 
father's elder brother, or a 
mother's elder sister's hus- 

3300J033 periyappe, s. A mother's 
elder sister, or a father's 
elder brother's wife. 

periye, ^. A heap, pile. 
^o periyolu, s. An eel. 
w?? peristu, J. The contents 
of a book, library, etc. -2-3 
fca to write such contents. 




perumari, see 3ror&. 

pereduni (335), v. n. To 
roll, move, wallow. 2. to 
scrape, shave. 

d>i perepini (33), "' To 
grate, scrape. 2. to bore, 

peremane, see ^333. 

?> perevuni (33), v.n. To be 
grated, scraped. 2. to be 
bored, perforated. 

perke, perg-e, see 35^. 
33riF perga, s. Winnings made 
in a game of ^o?3iii3. 2. 
profit, gain. ^s> e?o>?; ^AF 
he had a good meal to-day. 
sSrird pergade, s. A chieftain, 
headman. 2. an honorary 

o^rtoFci perg-ude, s. A bandicoot, 
large rat. -erooaio a kind of 

perge, s. A kind of bag. 
Z.see $o-Rr<5. 

perci, 5. Shying, starting 
suddenly. ^uo^s to shy, as 
a horse, etc. 

s&F percuni (^s^f), P. n. To 
shy, start aside suddenly. 
2. to rise, increase. 
Fd perjlva, s. Life, spirit. 

perfuni (-^F), P .. To 

pernama, see ^^sr^o. 

, 33c3c>FS?* pernalu, per- 
nalu, J. A festival on the 

conclusion of fasting among 
the Mussulmans. 
^f perpu, s. Anything put 
into milk in order to curdle 
it. -.e?La, see 3^$. -jgUwo 
s>, ^razl)^ to put in milk any 
thing to curdle ortu rn it sour. 

r perpuni (^^), ^'. n. To be 
curdled, as milk. 
do^ D pennari, ^. A boa or large 
serpent. 2. sheaves of straw 
placed, in the form of a ring 
to serve as a granary, -^w^ 
a to make such a granary. 
^-F penne, s. Sluggishness, 
laziness. 2. haughtiness. 

perya, s. A large bee. 2. 
see 3j&cdo. _3 313, a beehive, 
honey-comb. ec^os> to be- 
come dense; to fall densely. 
o3JdFa peryadi, s. A highway, 
public road. 

o3oF perye, ^. The toadstool, 
mushroom. 2. a rush. 
^>pela, s. The jack, Artocarpus 
integrifolia. ssoso the jack- 
fruit. & the seed of the 
jackfruit. ^o-rf the jack-tree, 
jack-wood. ^o^o^_ , EO^F ,^ooo 
^t are varieties of jackfruit 
pelambu, see ofoejosoo. 

peli, j^ te. 

pelegu, a^'. Rude, mean. 
o2^ psnci, .?. Filth, dirt. 
oU psnti, j. A good meal. 
oe3 pente, 5. The mercantile 
part of a town, bazaar, 


peca 434 

pecata, s. Effort, exer- 
tion. 2. affliction, distress, 

J :SD:SJ> pecaduni (33etnS), i\n. 
To try, exert, strive. 2. to 
be in distress, trouble. 
f pecilu, see 
pacuni, see 
}ij, ?'-', sS?e3 peta, petla, pe- 

' CO CO ^ 

tie, s. A pop-gun. aoo<X$ 
to shoot a pop-gun. 

5efc3 pete, see Sects, [bush. 

,?ci pede, s. A kind of thorn- 

1^3*, s5?iO petu, pstu, s. Partu- 
rition, child-bed. 2. fear. 

i3) petale, jr. A greedy man. 

?1 , s3?&^23* petri, petrikallu, 

s_^ ^-/ ro 

S. A large stone. 
;<jd psde, 5". A peon; also zx>o3. 
^ 6 psnu, s. A louse. 2. a pen. 

&8j 1 3=^reoso_ a very large 

louse. 35_ a small louse. 

d.^ a white-nit found on 

dirty clothes: 
% pape, see 3 
^sSj psme, jr^ 
^o5o peyi, s. A demon. 
?0* peru, s. Milk. 2. cocoanut- 
juice. 3. the milky juice of 

plants. _CDX^, a milkman. 
a milk-pail. 

perangayi, .y. The 
guava fruit, Psidium pomi- 

j^wf? peranB, sec <^j~3K. 
^osLiperata,^. Lading, freight- 
ing, shipping. ~A notch, nick. 

sS^od peimda 

peravade, s. A kind of 
Phnseolus trilobus. 
?0"d53)> perivuni, c. r r . (of -&<&$$) 
To lade, load, burden, 
psrita, see ^j?&^. 

peruni (^?5), 7-. a. To 
load, burden. 

edo^s;* perengelu, ^. A kind 
of creeper. 
?C?rf perepane, see ^-S^A. 

td&ttrj 6 peronasu, ^. The meal 
just preceding the celebration 
of a wedding. 

perga, see sSXr. 

npro'p fPf "^iT^T 
P cl 5 e j ^w 

perci, see s3EJr. 

psrcuni, see sS^ors. 
s3?s3jr perme, s. Fame, glory. 

T"*p * ^ TJ^Ttrp /7 // 7 ( )nf"Cir|p ^!^A^ ^ 

Q^ an outer court. 

sS^Sfl pesige, J. Disgust, loath- 
ing. 2. dirt, filth, -rktfo^ 
to be disgusted. 

A'^c^oo^ pesiyuni (^?^.), 7'. <?. To 
loathe, be disgusted. 

ojfss^c*, 5^3Se), 6 peshkaru, pe- 
shkare, s. A subordinate re- 
venue officer. 

sS??ori pesige, see 33?5^. 

3^1 pel, s. A pie. one-twelfth of 
an anna. 

sSjcrto peingu, ^. Pegu. 

32>o;* peincelu, ^. Ten pairs. 

33oCj peindani, sec ^osoa^^. 

?t.cri?3, s3v2c3 peindale, peindle, j^. 



x ~/ peisu 

peimbala, ^. Ten seers. 
sSioto^ peimbale, s. A flatterer. 

2. a potbelly. 3. a glutton. 
33)022 peimbe, s. A bag. 

sSvS*, sS^ peiku, peika, s. A 
pouch, 'scrip made of rushes 
or palm leaves. 

33y8- peiki, /W/>. Of, out of. 2. 
concerning, respecting, e? 
out of it. 3j5?^o#- of 0r re- 
specting these persons, 

t^$J peikuni (^^), v. n. To 
contract, shrivel. 

35vjs?0 peikori, J. A kind of fowl; 
game fowl. 

peicilu, see ziodo^S. 

peijanu, peijani, 

3^3DD*peijaru, s. Shoes, slippers, i 

sin'SO 3 !) peinali, s. Bragging, 
boasting. 2. hoaxing, deceiv- 
ing. -33oyi. ^i-rfos to brag. 

3j>S3c} peitini, .s 1 . A country so 
called. -2>?-3 a female's cloth 
made of silk and cotton. 

sS\^, 3&>^P peita, peitya, J. Bilious- 
ness, adj. Bilious. TTOT? a 
man of irritable temper; a 
lunatic, fool. 

o3vjv peitru, j^ ^^\. 

&c5, 33>d peida, peide, 5-^ s^cxsori. 

AcsDr^ peidastu, s. Produce, 
crop. -&ls to grow, pro- 
duce. -rfo^a to grow, raise 
a crop. 

33i^ peina, see 

s3 peinale, see 

peinali, ^^ 

peiniru, ^. Turbid water 
of a river. 
Si^)^ peipuni C-^), ?. . To cut^ 

reap; ^/! tf^s>. 
3)^j3e3 peimale, j^ ^rspse. 
^sdjaS, sS^JoS^o peimasi, peima- 
si, ^. Measurement of land, 

peimudi, j^ under -^. 

o^oSooO* peiyeru, peiyye- 

ru, j^ ^o5:^. 
s^oJOo peiyya, s. A child. rf troS 

a small cloud. 
c5v03Ja)oc2 peiyyane, ^. A kind of 

5j "0 

medicinal tree, Bignonia 

long if olia. 
s5)03jo peiyye, ^. A child, boy: a 

Pariahs child. 2.akindof fish. 
sS-D* peiru, ^. Standing <?^ grow- 


ing corn. 2. goods or cattle 
imported from the ghauts. 

s3i* peilu, j^ ^^. 
si -* 

s3,s;*Ss)^ri peiluvanige, ^. Tumb- 
ling, rope-dancing, gymnas- 

3^^53s)^peiluvane^. A tumbler, 
acrobat, gymnast. 

c&<38>o& peilandi, s. Brag, boast. 
jro^-dooi to brag. 

Zj^^, 33^^, peivasti;, peivaste, 
s. Endorsement of a letter, 
specifying the date of its 
receipt. s^o$, dotfo^ to 

sSv^f peisu, a<//'. Distant, remote. 
'. Get away, make way. 





5v3 peisa, .?. Four pie. 2. money. 

. ?i^o, 3ji^us3* neisalu, 

O <& e) f 

peisale, peisulu, ^. Settlement, 
adjustment. 2. decision, de- 

cree - [pretty. 

^T;^ ponka, adj. Handsome, 

ponkara, see &?c=tr. 

SCTJ ponku, s. A kind of boil 
or sore; cf. ^cXz. 
tsr-Co ponkuru, see 
So^ ponke, J^Y ^>o^r 
;' pongu, 5^ 

pongade, j. Proud flesh, 
proud flesh to form. 
J9orl(5 pongare, s. The Indian 
coral tree, Erythrina indica. 

pongayi, J. A canoe, 
pongara, J. Borax. 2. 

ra^jj^ pongavuni, c. v. (of 
r ^-) To cause to rock or 
tumble, as a boat. 
0^3 crL pongu, see .t3.oXo. 

^icno^ ponguni (4^-^), "'. . 
To rock, reel, tumble, toss, 
as a boat. [man. 

c^pcfH ponge, J. An unsteady 
j," pongelu, ^. Tumbling, 
rocking. -j. unsteadiness. 
? a fickle man, dolt. 
5' ponnanu, see :&JoXd. 

ponna, a^//'. Female. 
feminine. 2. bridal. ^A?^ 
a bride's parental home, so 
5u<r^ a bridal cartege. 
a female's conduct or dis- 


ponnu, s. A girl, female, 
maid. XS the upper half 
of a cocoanut. a^B the 
female sex. ecse? a female 

ponne, see &o$. 
ponnolige, J 

? ^ ponnavu, see 


poriju, s. A purse <?r 
bundle of money. 
o^fi pontana, s. Favourable- 
ness, auspiciousness. 

ponduni, see &.ssJo?>. 

o^r?) ponnani, s. A kind of 

c^^ri ponnalige, J. A kind of 
jungle tree. ^^ leaves of 
this tree used as medicine. 

orS ponnankanni, J. A 
kind of vegetable, Alter n- 
anthera sessilis. 

ponnu, ^. Gold. 2. see 

ponne, s. The tree 
tlera tinctoria. S& Boswd- 
lia thurifcra; Calophyllum 

^8c203 pombatte, ^. A yellow 

3 pombade, i 

DJOJ^J pombariyuni (^sow 
B), ?.'. n. To start, wince, 
shudder; to be startled, 
amazed, astounded. 

' poriiku 



adj. Slovenly, dirty, filthy. 

pornkavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to roll. 

2. see sJpcTroF^a. 
^o'aOF^ pornkuni^-^), T. a, 

To roll, run over. 2. to make 

fun. 3. .ft?<? 3poXoF$. 
(So^F, ^Po^F^ pornke, porn- 

kele, s. A dirty man. 
o^FQ^pornkelu, s. Dirtiness, 

j8oAe)F5^^ porngavuni, c.v. (of 

;PCAOF-$) To make stiff, har- 

jaorfoF pornguni (^oKrj, v.n. 

To become stiff or hard. 
jfSorfF^ porndana, s. A Pariah 


f8o&ysFeJ pormbata, s. Strife, 
struggle. 2. wrestling. 3. 

oWJF^ pormbuni (^osSr), v.a. 
To wrestle, strive. 

^Fe3 pormbele, s. A wrest- 
ler, wrangler. 2. a quarrel- 
some man. 

pokankuni ( 
^. <2. To learn by looking on 

pokkade, adv. Without 
cause, reason, or meaning. 
2. for nothing. 3. gratis, 
gratuitously. 4. for pastime. 
5. without success, adj. False, 
vain, mere, empty. 

o, pokku, s. A game of 
throwing pebbles in the air 

and catching them as they 
fall down. ri T#^ pebbles 
used in this game. 7^3200^ 
to play at such a game. 

pokke, s. A sore, ulcer; a 
blister, pustule. ri ^3 the 
scar of a sore, e^s a ve- 
sicle or blister to form, 
pokkele, see 4^- 
pogate, see ^A. 

ItfojS pogaruni, po- 
galuni, see j&X'docS. 
srta3 poguti, s. A shameless 

srta^j pogulu, s. Praise, eu- 
logium. 2. renown, 
poge, see 3$*. 

pogepuni, see ^^o>. 
i poggavuni, c. v. (of ^> 

i i 

AO^^) To cause to enter, pene- 
trate or interfere. 2. to 

pogguni (4' s ^), v. a. To 
enter, penetrate. 2. to inter- 

igpavuni, see 

S^j?)iT70) pojankuni, 
pojakuni, see $>z8otfo&. 
pojaku, J^ ^feF. 

B^^JSrso^) pojakonuni, v. reft. 
To be grieved. 2. to be distort- 
ed, as from pain. 3. to rub the 
face, as in grief or shame. 

pojilu, s. A germ, sprout, 
bud.- es& rice made of 
germinated paddy. &s>t*oO 
a germinated cashew-nut. 




5^ inalt, grain steeped in 

N pojenkavuni, c. : r . 
(of Spcfiotfos) To strangulate. 

2. to cause to knead. 
zSo'rfj^, ^js^^j^ pojenkuni, 
pojekuni (&20S), -. a . To 
knead. 2. to shampoo, rub. 

3. to squeeze. 4. to strangle, 

_ to strangle. 

pojenkele, ^. /#. A 
squeezer. 2. a sycophant, a 
man seeking to please. 

pojekavuni, see 3r^o 



pottangelu, s. Any- 
thing useless. 

pottadye, ^. A kind of 
cake made without jaggory. 

potti, ^. A dumh or taci- 
turn woman. 2. a silly woman. 
pottu, ^. Husk, chaff. 2. a 
seed without kernel. 

3. a blighted ear of corn- etc. 

4. a crack, hurt. adj. Dumb. 
2. empty, useless. 3. stupid. 
4. injured. Xo3adry well. 
3SU509J an empty cocoanut. 

vain bragging. sro5 \ 
blighted paddy. -*c- 
blind eye. ^ort a blind 

rSj < pottugatti, j-^ ^Wj^^. | 
3flii).iB., sSaiJo.cJa' pottutatte. 

SO !.j W C3 r 

pottudaddu. .v. Blighted corn. 

jScS he sold the 
grain and kept the chaff. 
ei^ potte, s. A dumb man. 
2. a demon so called. 

potte, s. The calf of the 

leg; also ! sv3& f 2. a tender 
ear of corn. 3. the hollow 
of a stalk or tree. 4. preg- 
nancy, i'lg. 5. thickness, as 
that of a blade of a knife. 
-3o;3cxix>d to whet the thick 
part of a knife. 
^.a^v* pottedalu, s. A preg- 


nant Pariah woman. 

pottebanji, s. A pot 


belly. 2. a corpulent man. 
?L ? potla, ^. A pustule, blister. 


2. swelling of the gums. 3. 

podutonuni, r 1 . r^/7. 
To struggle, strive. 2. to 
flutter, flap the wings, as a 
bird. 3. to bustle, be in a 

c36 podatare, s. The side- 
bone of the scull. 

^D podavi, s. The earth; c/. 

podas^, s. Tlu i scales of 

podi, s. Powder, dust. 
crumbs. 2. flour. 3. snuff. 
^5 gravel. 3jo^ a miser, 
abus. ^ cSs^Q to sow in 
dry land. s^rfos, oUJ.s> 
dust to rise up ^r be dis- 
persed. rfotfo^a to pulverize, 




podittavuni, see 

To powder, pulverize. 

podumbu, adj. Stupid, 
stolid. 2. cowardly. 3. 
sneakish. ^. Cowardliness. 

o23 podumbe, s. A stupid, 
? spiritless man. 
pode, J'T ^- 

podekuni (4*46), 7;. a. 
To regret, repent. 2. to be 

podepuni, see 3&Z&S. 
podda, <?^/. Foolish. 
podpele, ^^ ^ptljod. 
ponake, ^^ ^ro^. 
srs^, ponakke, s. A scab, 

o^ ponaluni, J^ 
pone, see 3>&- 
sra dj, ^)f| i ^ponjavu, ponjevu, 
^."A female in general; a 
grown up woman. e?Sb$ to 
become pubescent. Four clas- 
ses of females are enumer- 
ated by Hindus; namely: 

ria, a <?r 
o ' 

potta, (^/'. Hot, burning. 

.0 pottari, ^. A burnt co- 
coauut tree. 

pottadruni, c. T. (of t$> 
light, kindle, burn- 
to light a lamp. 


pottnni (^0), .. To 

- ^^3^ potturuni, po- 
truni (^^5, ^>fj), z/. a. To 
kindle, set fire. 2. to incite 
to a quarrel. 

a^or^ pottengri, s. Burnt 

6 pottelu, ^. The testicles. 
scrotal eczema. Xo 

c^a to castrate. e9 % a 
vulgar name for eS 

wild kind of yam. 
podukolu, see 

e, s. The eye lashes. 
podaluni (^^^), 7'. w. 
To come out, rise up. 

podike, s. Stale food, 
food prepared for a journey. 
2. hoarded money, savings. 
_ ^yo^ to put up food for a 
journey; to hoard money. 
podipuni, see &3sjd. 
:0?} podiyuni, see 3 

podu, s. Relationship or 
connection by marriage. s^> 
^o?) to propose an alliance 
by marriage. 

j podunkulu, podunklu, 
poduku, poduklu, ^. A tuft; 
a handful of grass, etc. 

W s . podumbattu, see &* 



fjs do oeoo. 



S pora 

podukolu, s. A 

small broom for broiling 

podupuni (^P), r ( . a. To 
broil, parch. )Su$oo''d. ^srfot) 
^ a broiling pan. 

podupelu, .s-. Parching. 
adj. Parched, broiled. ara5 
parched paddy. 

&Coo334cJ podepavuni, f. r. (c/ 
^IC^N) To cause to put on 
clothes, to dress. 
sd^j) podepu, s. Wearing 
apparel; also &>&> ^3%. 

- 1 - *- r " 

8cS^)^ podepuni (^-), 7 r . <?. To 
put on clothes. 2. to brood, 
as a hen her chickens. 

poddana, s. A distant 

relationship; also ^ro^^ssso. 
poddike, s^e, && 


.'jv?j, ^SCjO, poddiyuni, 

CJ Ci 

podduni, (^-^), "'. <T- To roll, 
cover, wrap. 2. to encircle, 
wind, twine. 
poddu, se 

podde, s. A relative, kin- 
dred. >M,5 relations and 



s* , ^ ^ J5 ^o poddolu, pod- 
dolu, 5 1 . Broiled grain; <?/". <8pO. 
j podpavuni, c. r\ (^/" 
To roast, broil, toast, 

. podpuni, see 
N e:* podbattu, see 
^ podyuni, see ^p^ 

^s^'^jjfj) To cause to roll, 
cover, encircle. 

2, ponike, ponke, ^^ 


^^ poppala, ^^ zJ^rf- 
^j poppi, J^ ss^- 

poyikannu, s. A veil 
' mask. adj. Short-sighted. 
poyipini (&aso), :-. . 
To twist, as a rope. 2. to 
tap with a horn, as the tender 
blossoms of a cocoanut tree 
for toddy-drawing. 

poyimaru, s. Vio- 
lence, force. 2. extortion, 
pillage. 2?TSo an anarchical 

o poyimusulu, ^^ 

poyilu, 5. An abscess. 
2. tapping. s^>:i>a to tap 
the tender blossoms of a palm- 
bud in toddy-drawing. 

poyisalu, see 4sosori5. 
poyyamane, see ^P5 

poyyuni (^^ '), r 1 . n 

To sit cross-legged; 

. poddyavuni, c. r. (of 


poyye, ^. Sand. **,- 
coarse sand. -33^$ to be 
afflicted with small measles. 

poranjdlu, see ^^5. 
i* porantu, see ^;E 2. JT^C 




porakaluni, see 

poraana, J 
poraje, ^ sJj& 
poralu, s. A fi'fe, flute. 

, j8ds* poralu, poralu, J. 
Fishy smell. 

feiDpori,^. A harrow. 2. a spark. 
3. see 5P& & -^czS the 


whole root of a tree. T^UJ.S 


to harrow. 3^$ to lose in 
the game of ^^dos!. ^L^ 
to get broiled, as grain. 
-do^a to broil grain. 
33^)?) poripuni (30&), v. a. To 
broil, parch. 

ei3aJoo^ poriyuni (=&&), f. . 
To be broiled, parched. 
sdjo^o porunku, J^ ^c^r. 
sd.d poruve, J^ ^s^r. 

cLsSs;* poruvelyi, J. The under 
part of a fowl's wings. 
2. the side, flank. 

pore, see 4& 
5cCcO?J porencuni, ^^ 5go^ors). 

poreduni, J 
u^)^ porepuni, see 3> 
* porelu, s. Reeling. 
o^ poreluni, see z& 

^ porelpuni, 
:^ poresuni, see 

^p^F^n^ porkal- 
yuni, porkeluni (^ss-'r^, sS^r 
^), t 1 . w. A boil to form or 

~>* porkelu, see 
porkele, see ^ 


portu, J. Time, daylight; 
the sun. eso^Ooaoos the sun 
about to set. ^c^o^thasun 
to set. ;&>?>o> time to pass, 
to be late. djjsi^o^ the sun 
to rise. 


tyolu, s. The month #r time 
of birth. 

pordavuni, c. v. (of 
To bring together, 
make friends; to familiarize; 
to reconcile. 

pordu, s. Inclination, 
leaning of the mind. 2- battle, 

rfJF^i porduni (4^), r.n. To 
approach, draw near; to be 
attached, adhered. 2. to be 
accessible, sociable, familiar. 
3. to be in harmony; to be 
reconciled. ^crEF e?odo<3 ^prfor 
a3 I cannot cope with him. 
efodoK B33i ^(Jdorc?io the curse 
cleaves to him. 

pornana, see 

porpuni (*5), 7\a. To 
pull, pluck off, root up or 

porlu, s. Beauty, comeli- 
ness. adj. Beautiful, hand- 
some, fair, pleasant, fine. 




&F? a handsome boy. 
tf a pleasant word. 
very beautiful. 
pir porle, s. A handsome man. 
je>~ir porve, 5. A wild duck. 
ps2FQ* porvelu, 

To clean, wash, rinse. 2. 

polabu, s. Acquaintance. 
2. familiarity, friendship. 3. 
exercise, practice. 4. ability. 
5. the outline or plan of a 

*f polasu, adj. Dirty, un- 
clean ; cf. sU^co. j. see *& 
ao TJO. 


poll, J. Interest in ,kind. 
2. increase, abundance. &> 
733 4$ a farmer to bring home 
a sheaf of the first crop, shout- 
ing ;&)-;fse sot^e; (increase! 
multiply ! K ??JS>&FS to lend 
rice before the harvest and 
receive it back with 25 per 
cent after the season. m 

rfjf.. -Js^y-i to sllOUt ^Pe2^e3 

cctij e;. while gathering corn 
in :i barn. zoLrs to increase. 
polike, polige, j^ 

polipuni (^5), r. . To 
break. 2. iw ^^^ 

polimane, s. A wooden 
instrument for levelling and 
smootliening the flooring of 
a building, etc. 


To break, be broken. 
^ S polisu, see 
poluve, see 
^o polusu, ^a 
pole, ^. Pollution, defile- 
polke, j 

polpuni (*>*), ?'. a. To 
level and smoothen, as the 
flooring of a building, etc., 
with a wooden instrument. 
cf. ^>e5s3,a. &7><5- to level a 
courtyard so. 

pollakattu, s. Mending 
upon mending, patch upon 

pollavuni, c.v. (of *& 
eo ft) To cause to sew or 

00 ) 


tf pollige, s. Sewing, stitch- 
ing, needle-work. 
oi>o>, ^jaaw^polliyuni, pol- 
luni (^^j), 7 '- (i- To sew, 
stitch, knit. 2. to slander, 

pollu, adj. Devoid of pulp, 
or kernel, as a fruit. 2. empty, 
void. 3. timid, spiritless. 

, ^s^^ ^ polluna- 
ye, polvediye, s. A tailor. _'. 
a slanderer. 

polluve, see &>^- 

pollusu, s. Interest, 
gain, profit. 2. luck, good 
fortune. 3. money in reserve. 
3 polle, see ^- 2. see &> 




s^j polle, 6\ Slander, talebear- 
ing. ~ 4?^ a slanderer, 
3, polve, j&? 
polsu, J' 


s^j posa, tfd[/. New, novel. 2. 
fresh, recent. 3. strange, 
wonderful, unheard of. &> 
the New Testament, 
5& rice of the new 
crop. s'osUo a new cloth. 
stttejsa a stranger. ^5 new 
kind ; a new path. SsraaS a 
new custom, an innovation. 
-rf^r a new year. ~^ 
strange or wonderful news. 
8sSofe3 posante, see ^rissoSo. 
& posatu, s. That which is 
new, fresh, etc. adv. Newly. 
observe the harvest 


ti posataye, po- 
sabe, s. A new man, novice. 

, see 

?j posuruni, see 
^ poske, see &?>$ 


^G^J^) polankuni (**oP),^. . 
To be in distress. 2. to have 

poli, ^<? ^3- 

, ^ja$ polinke, polike, ^. 
A present in cash to an actor. 
2. bark, skin, peel, crust. 

polipuni, see ^p 
poltu, see $p 
, , polla, pollu, see $p 
ponkara, adj. Dirty. 

ponkuru, pon- 
kru, s. Slough, mire. adj. 
Miry. 2. dirty. &3 nasty 
people. e5 muddy water. 
_ 3oj3& a dirty smell. &s& 
^, _ -3^$ to be covered 
with mire. 

ponkre, ^^ ^P^J. 

pokuri, J^ 9&8?*B. 
poka, adj. Profligate, de- 
baucherous. 2. mischievous, 
turbulent. 3. jocose, droll. 
&3 profligate, or debauche- 
rous people. 

e>e33?d, ^j8.?^Uj^ pokatana, 
pokatige, s. Profligacy, de- 
bauchery. 2. mischief. 3. 
waggery, drollery. 

5>^ pokala, s. Perdition, 

pokiri, s. Diminutive 
of ^Pet^. adj. see $ptf. 

poku, s. Means; end. 2. 
passing off. 

pokulu, see ^. 
poke, ^. A profligate, de- 
bauchee. 2. a mischievous 
person. 3. see ^. 4. a wag, 
wit; /". ^Pe^-S). 

poktana, see &?3&3. 

3 potapoti, 
poti, ^. Rivalry, emulation, 

3v e iJ, ^pe^ poti, pote, s. A 
woman with a beard. 
e>?e3o> potuni (^PeS), v. a. To 
embrace sexually, vlg. 




porige, s. Full or cor- 
rect measurement of grain, 
etc. y^& to measure cor- 
rectly, measurement to be 

podige, s. Fear, fright, 
terror. T^foa.^^ si&j3,d)> 

w w 

to frighten, intimidate, threa- 

yavuni, podipavuni, c. v. (of 
^Sctfoofc) To frighten, threa- 
ten, terrify. 

s?&cijo> podiyuni (4"?^), v.n. 
To fear, be afraid. $&S$ 
fca to be alarmed, frightened, 

s. Coincidence 
in measurement, agreement, 
likeness, adj. Right, correct, 
equal, uniform; cf. jSjseB^. 

popini (<&*?), ?.n. To go, 
go off or away. 2. to be lost, 
disappear. 3. to pass, depart, 
start. r t^ a house to be 
ruined. a_ to pass time; 
to support one's self or his 
family. &?& when going. 
^Per;& a:3iF& when going and 
coming. $p&3 z*~ let me 
take leave, ^e'rfoads^ not to 
go, so as not to be lost. & 
where had you been? 

5? just when going. ^? 

20^ you cannot go. & 
you must go. 

pora, pore, s. A lad. 
pori, s. A lass. 2. see 

correct. -rfo^^ to give a 

correct measure of grain, 

., as a seller to a pur- 

poryun Pe, r ( . a. 
To give a correct measure of 
grain, etc. 2. to tease, 
trouble, annoy. 3. to wrestle, 
quarrel. K'S&S^ to wrestle 
from insolence. 

?6J5k3o porotu, s. The side 
slips of a piece of timber. 

?a?S3)p6ryavuni, c.v. (pf&* 
5ojjo^) To cause to measure 
correctly, as grain. 

?> poll, J. Speaking irrele- 
vently. 2. plunder, extor- 
tion. adj. Irrelevent, imperti- 
nent. 2. plundering, extor- 
tionate. 3o^$ to plunder. 

ee3 pole, see ^p?^. 

polye, s. A small kind of 

lr^, ^pesslrf posha, 
poshana, poshane, j. Nourish- 
ment, maintenance, feeding. 
posa, s. Sunset, evening. 
_ &&>r evening time. DT> 
-io one who observes the cus- 
tom of taking his supper be- 
fore sunset, as a Jain. L' 

posra, s. Urine. 

2730 ^ posraladaye, s. \ 
demon so called. 
3?S? pole, J. A cake of rice 
flour, etc., baked on a pot- 
sherd or iron plate. 




polekayi, s. Writing 
a large, crooked hand, as 
children do. 

s5^ pou, see zz>3i- 2. see &. 
^ctS pound, see zJ^P^- 

pounji, pouji, see 

pouji, pouju, see 
ttu, s. Doing things by halves. 
3&7i a work done by half. 

zF> & poutri, s. A grand daughter, 
pourusha, .r. Heroism, 
manliness. 2. boast, brag, 
pyade, see 3?:3. 

si pra, A Sans, prefix implying 
Progressive motion. 2. ex- 
cess. 3. excellence. 

3J =CTiJ prakata, adj. Displayed, 
unfolded, revealed, manifest, 
public. ^o^?> to proclaim, 
make public- 

si^&JrS prakatane, s. Revelation, 

^drs prakarana, s. A chapter, 
section. 2. an introduction, 
prologue, prelude. 
=030 prakara, s. Manner, 
method, mode. adv. Accord- 
ing to, conformably with. 
5=32! prakasa, s. Sunshine, 
lustre, light, splendour. 2. 
expansion, diffusion, mani- 
festation. t?l>~ to shine. 
~ C|A t>^ to have lustre. &? 
&os light or splendour to 
appear. &?ls light to fade 
away; light to shed forth. 

3^=5^ prakruta, s. The present, 
this time. Xo for the present. 
v3\3 prakruti, s. Nature. 2. 
the natural state of anything. 
3. the root. 4. cause, origin. 
sisJSo^ prakhyata, adj. Celebrat- 
ed, famous; notorious. 
sisSev-S prakhyati, s. Publicity, 

fame, notoriety. 
w,2^c^ pracanda, adj. Intolera- 
ble, insupportable. 2. bold 
confident, presumptuous. 3. 
violent, fierce. sfcss? tempest, 
storm. odja?> a bold, vali- 
ant or fierce man. 
sitssd pracara, s. Precept, ob- 

si3e>!3 prajapati, ^. Brahma, 

the creator. 2. a king. 3. a 

decent term for the memb- 

rum virile. 

sJzB praje, s. People, subjects. 

2. offspring, progeny. 
jd&QKjl^ prajotpatti, s. The 
fifth year in the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 

?io^ prajvalisuni (^fc^cj), 
v.n. To shine, glitter. 2. to 
blaze, be inflamed. 
siz3^e3 prajvale, s. Shining, glit- 
ter, blaze. [affection. 
siracrfj pranaya, s. Friendship, 
si3e)3J pratapa, s. Dignity, ma- 
jesty. 2. valour, prowess, 
si 3^)3^) pratlpu, s. An old Indian 
coin equivalent to one rupee, 
si 3 prati, A Sans, prefix im- 
plying Substitution. 2.seve- 






ral, in order. 3. direction, 
designation. 4. belonging to. 
5. exchange, return, s. A 
substitute ; a copy. adj. Each, 
every. 3 every day. sto 
^je>$ each man. ~S\s> to 
take a copy. 

dlvs'o'tid pratikara, s. A remedy, 
antidote. 2. a return of 
offices either good or bad. 

to revenge, retaliate. 

pratikula, s. Oppo- 
sition, clashing, disagree- \ 
ment. adj. Adverse, contrary. 
( 32 pratijrie, s. Promise, as- 
sent. 2. resolution, vow. 

,3d pratidhvani, An echo. 


,3^p pratinidhi, s. A resem- 
blance of a real figure, image, 
picture. 2. a representative, 
proxy. 3. a surety. 

pratinema, ^. Daily 

religious observance. 
33,333^ pratipaksha, j. The op- 

V_X IJ^ 

posite side or party. 

sl3 r i; pratiphala, s. Reward; 
return, requital. 

3l3fcjcqipratibandha, s. Obstacle, 

^vl^c^JN pratibandhane, s. A 
demoniacal possession. 2. 

^^::o2j pratibimba, s. A reflec- 
tion, resemblance or coun- 
terpart of a real form, as a 
picture, image, shadow. 

^vS^o pratime, s. An image, 
idol, puppet. 

pratirupu, J. A picture, 

image, counterpart. 
choosy pratilabha, s. Twofold 

gain, profit. 
3^,13^, gj0^3i)^o prativacana, 

prativakya, s. A reply, answer. 

w.o^eja prativadi, s. A defend- 


ant, respondent. 

sj.33 pratishthe, s. Fame, cele- 

bnty. 2. consecration. 3. 

endowment. 4. staying, stand- 
ing, fixation. 3^3 to be 
consecrated. 3j^s> to con- 

3jj3^s)d pratlkara, see ^B^^. 

gj3?^ pratikshe, ^. Hope, ex- 

Sj^sk pratyaya, ^. An affix. 

^^c^ pratyaksha, a^//. Percep- 
tible, perceivable, present. 
3 appearance, advent. 

i^op^tf pratyuttara, s. An 
answer, reply. 

sj^oc^eid pratyupakara, s. Re- 
ciprocated favour, return of 
good offices. 

siJc^ pratyeka, adj. Separate, 
distinct, ^j 3 ^ one by one. 

g,!^^' g,^?*?iipi pratyeki- 
puni, pratyekisuni (^^e*i ^j 
ifoe-8-co), v.a. To separate. 

^q^^j prathama, adj. First, 
prior. 2. chief, principal. 
_^tJozi the third person, 
grain. -^^ the nomina- 
tive case. 3 at first. 

<rf$dj prathame, .?. The first 
lunar day. 




pradarsana, s. Showing. 
2. explaining. 

cj^fc), Ld^rf, 3ld-c-rs pra- 

v^\ ' v / ^\ ^ oO^ 

dakshana, pradakshane pradak- 
shina, s. Reverential circum- 
ambulation around an object 
of worship. [tion. 

pradana, s. A gift, dona- 
pradesa, s. A place in 
general. 2. a country, dis- 

d-Q^Si pradosha, s. The first 
part of the night. 
q3D^ pradhana, adj. Principal, 
chief, superior. odrea;^ a 
high priest. 

pradhani, s. A prime 


sisioSCT prapanca, s. The world, 
universe. 2. illusion, delu- 
sion. 3. partiality, adj. 
Worldly, secular. ^otfo^ 
to be partial. 35o^ trit>o& 
^2 there is no distinction at 


a dinner table. 
gsjD^ prapata, ^. A cliff, preci- 

pice. 2. a water-fall. 3. a 

bank, shore. 
sj^o$ prabandha, s. An essay, 

literary composition, con- 

nected discourse. 
<rlw<y prabala, adj. Strong, 

powerful. 2. abounding, pre- 

vailing. ??ja to become 

powerful; to prevail; to 

spread widely. 
3ld prabhava, s. The first year 

in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 

prabhava, s. Majesty, 
dignity. 2. power, energy. 

$ prabhavale, s. The shrine 
of an idol. 

sj^jj prabhu, s. A lord, master, 
prince. ^ power, author- 
ity, government. 

J&2J3 prabhe, s. Light, splendour, 

slsjo^ pramatta, adj. Intoxicat- 
ed. 2. infatuated, proud. 

slsjozp pramathe, s. An attend- 
ant on Siva. 

3j,3oc3 pramada, see ^j^erf. 


si^fosrs pramana, s. Measure, 
size, dimension, quantity. 
2. proof, testimony. 3. an 
oath. 4. limit. ^log^ a 
document containing the 
terms of an oath, ^otfo^ 
to take an oath. 
sld^r^ pramani, s. A head-man, 

pramanika, see z* 
pramada, s. Mistake^ in- 
accuracy. 2. carelessness. 
.dje>> pramadi, s. The thir- 
teenth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

,^33^^ pramadlca, s. The 
forty-seventh year in the 
Hindu cycle of sixty. 
,^osj pramukha, adj. Chief, 
principal, first. 2. excellent, 

,s3o^oii prameya, s. Opportu- 
nity, occasion. 2. the subject 
or topic of a conversation. 





pramesrinotu, ^. 
A promissory note. 

slsSj^sd prameha, s. The venereal 

o^sS-fS^Cj pramoda, s. Joy, glad- 
ness, happiness, delight. 

^sSsis^do^ pramoduta, s. The 
fourth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

^oJo^prayatna, $". Endeavour, 
effort. 2. act, action. ^o 
^Jx,s to try, endeavour. 

o^o&tirt prayaga, s. Sacrifice, 
oblation. 2. the confluence 
of the Ganges and Yamuna 
at Allahabad. 

jrfjC&rara prayana, s. Journey, 
march. crooSo. ^ a passen- 
ger, traveller, rio^s to 
travel, journey. 

gc&rarf prayasa, s. Labour, 
trouble, fatigue 2. difficulty, 
embarrassment. 3. pain. 

slota)^ prayukta, adj. Endowed 
with, possessing, as an attri- 
bute, postpo. For, on ac- 
count of. 

go3j2?rt prayoga, s. Conse- 
quence, result. 2. the opera- 
tion or effect of magical or 
mysterious rites. 3. effort, 
exertion. 4. act, action. 5. 
use of a word. G. the admi- 
nistration or prescription of 
medicine. c"o^a to be in 
use, as a word. ^j^s, ^joSa? 
?N^S to perform any magical 
rites, etc. ; to administer, as 

medicine, poison, etc.', to use, 
make use of. 

Lc&Atttti prayojake, s. A clever 
man. , $}- a worthless 

kQ&A(t3tJ prayojana, s. Cause. 
2. motive. 3. result. 4. oc- 
cupation, business. 5. profit, 
use, advantage. ?^$ to be 
of use. cro^ of what use is 
it? rod! useless, worthless. 

^ojj pralaya, s. A general 
deluge, the world's destruc- 
tion. &v the deluge. 

Le>e>3J pralapa, s. Sorrow, lamen- 

^^F^ pravartake, s. An author. 
2. an arbiter, judge. 

J^^F^ pravartana, s. Action, 
business. 2. conduct, be- 

T'. n. To be going on, to be 
in a state of action. 2. to 
behave, conduct one's self. 

^dq^Npravardhane, s. Increas- 
ing, thriving. 

^d^>F?ij^ pravardhisuni (z^tpp 
c3), v. n. To increase, pros- 
per, thrive. 

sl53Drf pravada, s. Report, ru- 

si^rsdfS pravadane, s. Prophecy, 
prediction. r^s, ^OTario?) 
to prophesy, foretell. 

slsysft pravadi, s. A prophet. 

^S3e)?j pravasa, see srirorf. 
3^30 pravaha, s. A stream cur- 





rent; the flowing or course 

of any thing. 

^ratf pravala, s. Coral. -^ 

calcination of coral. 

c> pravlna, adj. Skilful, 

clever. cleverness, skill. 
pravme, s. A skilful man, 

a clever man. 

pravrutti, s. Activity, 

slslrf pravruddha, adj. Full 

grown, expanded, spread 

abroad, dispersed, increased, 

trf,;3^ pravesa, .y. Entrance. 2. 

arrival. 3. commencement, as 

of learning. e?bs> to inter- 

fere. ^o'tfOvS. sJ^eS^S to 

enter; to commence. 
^s-o^ prasamsa, s. Praise, flat- 

tery. 2. subject, matter. z3 

^ to refer to a matter. 

-dotfo^ to praise, flatter; to 

speak on a matter. 
3^2^ prasasta, adj. Good, com- 

mendable, excellent, illustri- 

ous, famous. 2. convenient, 

jrf^ prasne, s. A question, inter- 

rogation. 2. soothsaying. 

_ Beba to consult stars on a 

matter or event; to make 

an astrological calculation. 

zio^S) to ask, question. 
"oj^JS^d prasnottara, J. A 

dialogue, catechism. 
slnJort prasanga, j 1 . A sermon, 

preaching. 2. a discourse, 

lecture. 3. a Hindu drama. 
^jrio7\ a preacher. ^>tfo^$ 
to preach, discourse. 
slSio^ prasanna, adj. Pleased, 
delighted, gracious, favour- 
able, auspicious. e?lb^ to 
be pleased, favourable. ^ 
$ T(& fo$ to win over. 

_> _ 

g^d prasava, s. Bringing 'forth 
or bearing young. 2. birth, 
production. 3&3 the travail 
of childbirth. 

sl^JStj prasada, s. Favour, kind- 
ness, propitiousness. 2. food, 
etc., offered to a deity or to 
a guru. z3?3"d_ God's favour; 
what is offered or conse- 
crated to God. [rice, 
prasadana, s. Cooked 
prasadhane, s. Dress, 

,2orf prasiddha, adj. Famous, 
celebrated, public, notorious. 
_ ?>$ to become famous or 
notorious. 3o^?> to publish. 
.ro> prasiddhi,^. Fame,notorie- 


ty, celebrity. 

rfJ33prasuti,J. Bringing forth 
as young. 2. birth. 

prasta, s. Any auspicious 
ceremony. 2. marriage. #ae 
s$3 consummation of a 
^e> n 3Jprastapa,.s. Opportunity. 


2. incidental reference to a 
person or thing, sktfo^, 
^j^brfo?) to speak on an af- 
fair; to seize an opportunity. 

nj;L prasta 



33^0 3, 

rjjjpdfS prastavane, s. Com- 
mencement, introduction. 
add prahara, s. A watch, or 
the eighth part of an entire 
day and night. 2. a weapon. 
3. a blow. 

COD d prahlade, s. A pious son 
of Hiranyakasipu. 
^OJJ pralaya, see ^aocio. 
5e>tff3 prakshalane, s. Wash- 
ing, cleaning. 

,oag pranta, prantya, 
's. Edge, border, frontier, part, 
neighbourhood, adj. Near, 

ra.o* praku, a<//. Before, prior, 
old, preceding. 2. past. e? 
^2?^ from past time. s3so^ an 
old account. 5 formerly. 

ra^s 1 prakruta, ^/'. Natural. 
2. low, vulgar. 5. A peculiar 
dialect of Sanskrit. 

j^eS^N pracina, adj. Former, 
prior, ancient, old. 

5-exfc; prajna, adj. Clever, intel- 
ligent. ; 

, sjSjsS a clever 

^Coprana,J. Life, vitality. 2. air 
inhaled, breath. oso^, ^? 
8c3, srajsro^an intimate friend. 
_ ^jss^ a murderer. ^jS^ 
consecration of an idol. 3o 
^rf dangerous illness. ^Pe 
^$ to die. dcs&areos to be 
weary of life; to consume 
one's self, ^o^s^rfjatfo the ! 
five vital airs, or modes of 
inspiration and respiration. 

SJ^e& prani, s. A living being, 

an animal. 
53^^s ; 5D^, STe^nJS,<L> pratah- 

kala, prataskala, .s'. The dawn, 

SSejj^ prapta, adj. Obtained, 

gained, received. 2. profi- 

cient, efficient. e?ck4\$ to 


be competent. 

scre^ prapti, ^. Gain, profit. 2. 
acquiring, obtaining. 3. suc- 
cess, improvement. 4. power 
or faculty of acquiring. 5. 
luck, fate, fortune. &^s to 
happen ; to be obtained. w 
4^s> to be able or lucky. 

srs.sjj^r^ pramanika, adj. True, 


of great force, credit, or 

33e>,o3o praya, s. A state or con- 
dition of life, as age, youth, 
etc. o3o? how old are 
you? 00- middle age, prime 
of life. ^ a young man. 
e?L?> to be old; to come 
to age. There is a saying 
about the different stages of 
human life; namely: ^S 


orfoji, ^js5 3ioooo9 childish- 
ness at ten (years), beauty 
at twenty, youth at thirty, 
manhood at forty, dotage at 
fifty, longing at sixty, a stick 
at seventy, cripple at eighty, 




prostration at ninety, and 
departure at hundred. 
sKOJu^ s^ prayascitta, s. Punish- 
ment. 2. expiation, penance, 
atonement. -Jfj*bf?& to pay 
a fine. riotfo^ to punish, 
fine; to atone, expiate. 
ixCo^ prarambha, s. Com- 
mencement, beginning. 
9,30^^0^ prarambhisuni (^ 
tfoEpoJ), v. a. To begin, com- 

Djdzo , 33^20 prarabdha, pra- 
labdha, s. D'estiny, fortune, 
fate, luck. 

prarthane, s. Prayer, 
supplication, asking. 2. di- 
vine service. sk^s, s^^r 
T^S> to pray. 

53^2!^ prasana, s. Feeding, eat- 
ing. 3otfo^ to eat; to drink. 

55r\^ prasa, s. Alliteration, 

sq^^ praste, s. A prime minister. 

^,oij priya, ^'. Dear, beloved, 
desired. 2. dear, high in 
price. 3. $" 335coo. ?js5 a 
beloved companion. 

1^3 priti, s. Love, affection, 
regard. 2. delight, pleasure. 
3. the second of the twenty- 
seven astronomical yogas. 

an affectionate 
disposition. Aseafc^iS ^o 
^s to love. Qe^ to be 

P r eta, ^. A corpse. 2. a 
ghost, goblin. 

prema, ^. Affection, kind- 
ness. 2. pleasure, sport, pas- 
time, joy. rod a friendly 

cS^d^ prerake, J. An inciter, 
mover, instigator. 

^pdrl, gj^6^rl prerane, prere- 
pane, s. Sending, direction, 
passion or operation of the 
organs of sense. 2. incite- 
ment, instigation. 3. inspi- 
ration. *$otf^?>, ^j?-5?L^os) to 
inspire; to incite, induce. 

<&^3^ prerita, adj. Sent, di- 
rected; inspired. 

^3i^^, ^^ra procana, prok- 
shana, s. Sprinkling. rfos?o^?), 
^jo-o^?<o^ to sprinkle. 

5^^proudha,^/'. Skilful, clever. 

55^^ proudhe, s. A skilful or 

clever man. 
sj plava, ^. The thirty-fifth year 


in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 
3J 3or( plavanga, ^. The forty- 


first year in the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 



d phala 


pha, The thirty-fifth letter of 
the alphabet. 

3?5 phakire, s. A dervise, 
Mussulman mendicant. 2. a 
destitute man. 3. a solitary 

,3 phakkane, adv. Suddenly, 

phajlti, see sJe5?3. 
phatinga, adj. Rude, ill- 
behaved, unsteady , dissipated. 
2. dishonest. ^ dissipa- 
tion; dishonesty. 

sjljori phatinge, J. A rake, pro- 
fligate. 2. a dishonest man. 
, djia phadica, phadca, ^. 
Settlement, adjustment. 2. 
determination, decision. - 
La to be settled; to be de- 
cided. 3o^a to settle; to 

ofjzt^???, ^^?A) phadposij, 
phadposi, s. Carelessness, per- 
functoriuess. 2. answering 
without thinking. 3. getting 
through a business by hook 
or by crook, adj. Superficial, 
careless; also t.'Sj^j. ^VTJ a 
work done anyhow. 
a superficial man. -s 
to say more than one knows ; 
to speak at random. 

of)CT335j phadayi, s. Difficulty, 
great distress. 


r3 phani, s. A serpent, cobra. 
-rfoc-rfe; a festive ceremony 
in the name of the serpent- 
god; also craX^ootie;. 
cf phane, see *>. 
jg phatte, see ,. 

557 phayisalu, see ~*6. 

pharaku, s. Discrimina- 
tion, distinction. 2. recogni- 
tion, identification; cf. ziS?^. 
_ dovo^s to discriminate. 1> 
3-^a to recognise, identify ; to 

De!SJ3 6 pharakhaty, adj. Free, 
unrestricted, well off. 

pharari, ^. Running away. 
B to abscond, desert. 
cdJtF?5 pharmane, ^. A mandate, 


sp^ phala, s. A fruit in general, 
the fruit of any plant. 2. 
result, produce, consequence. 
3. prosperity, thriving. 4. 
gain, profit, advantage. 3 
^ fruits. e?Ls> to be fruit- 
ful. ^ssbrs to yield fruit. 
; ^o$ to see the conse- 
quence of an act. 

-:; phalane, pron. Such a 
one, such and such. ^wri 
sucli a work. 

phalara, s. A slight re- 
past of fruits or sweets, col- 
lation. 2. any food except 




light food. 

phalita, adj. Fruitful. 2. 
profitable. 3. prosperous, 
thriving. 4. effectual. 

0?jo5> phalipuni, phali- 
suni ($), ?' n. To yield fruit, 
be productive. 2. to be suc- 
cessful, profitable. 3. to come 
to pass, fulfill, as a prediction, 
phasali, phasli, s. The 
current revenue year, (from 
July to June). 

t3 phavuji, s. An army, 
troops, host. 

phayide, see s^osorf. 
pharikhatu, s. Receipt, 
acquittance, divorce. 2. pay- 
ment of a debt. 


phalguna, .y. The twelfth 
lunar month. 

J30 phituri, s. Any secret, 
deceitful or underhand pro- 
ceeding, intrigue, conspiracy. 
2. instigation, incitement. 
_^jaLr$ to incite. 3o^$ 
to intrigue ; to betray. 
phirangi, see Ltior. 

^o&Dra phiriyadi, 
phiryadi, ^. A complaint, an 
accusation in law. 
7f phlsu, s. Fees, remunera- 

dJS^Oj, phuroktu, ^. Sale, 
particularly of stamps. 
o* pheilu, s. A register, file. 
pheisalu, see **$' 

2j ba, The thirty-sixth letter of 
the alphabet. 

banki, see 

Ovj^ bankinayake, ^. A 
honorific title amongst Billa- 

Jc2S banga, banna, see #CA. 

bangale, j 
Wo HDD*, looADd bangaru, banga- 

ra, see $cAs5. 

too/ n fsd : 5e)03o bangarakayi, ^. 
The Indian acalypha, Aca- 
lypha Indica. 


bangala, s. Bengal. 

bangali, s. Jugglery, 
legerdemain, trickery, impos- 
ture. 2. an impostor, cheat, 
bangi, s. Hemp, Cannabis 
sativa. 23?^ one addicted 
to hemp smoking. 3^$ to 
becomeintoxicated with hemp. 
S^S to smoke hemp, 
riod bangude, s. The mac- 

bangura, j^ eSo^a. 

bangule, see soc^. 
bangeru, s. A title of 




certain old chieftains. 2. a 
family name amongst the 
Bants and Billavars. 

bangra, bangri, see 

f\ bangle, s. A bangalow. 
residence of an European. 

^yss^e* banghi, ban- 
ghitappalu, s. Parcel or pac- 
ket post. 

cx banna, see ?SoX. 
^^3'5>o3j banjanataye, s. A 
demon so called. 

baricane, see 

bancuni, see 
barijara, ^^ 

banjara, #//. Sterile, bar- 
ren. #-so uncultivated land; 
waste land. 80.-do$> to re- 
main uncultivated. 
ct2e>d banjara, adv. Heartily 
freely, largely. e?Sb$ to 
have a hearty meal. cft>rf^> 
to eat heartily. srazSos) to 
serve food profusely. 
ct2 banji, ^. The stomach. 2. 
the belly. 3. the womb. 4. 
the interior or inner part, as 
of a tree, etc. 5. the thinner 
portion of the shell of a cocoa- 
nut. 6. the mind, heart. 3oa 


aicaStrooSo a corpulent <?r clum- 
sy man. 3o& a long worm 
infecting the bowel. 3o3 
voracious, eager; patient, 
long suffering. K 0335 there 
is nothing to eat. -t2e?3 colic, 
gripes; fig. envy, -cs 5tf the 

stomach. - ^We? want o 
food, starvation. exyor?) to 
be hungry; to be distressed. 
3j&- a big belly, potbelly. &> 
^pregnancy by illicit inter- 
course. 3oe&- an early stage 
of pregnancy. e?Sb& to be 
pregnant. ^ora the belly 
to subside. na&orfoosi, crot^ 
dos, _ oSo^ora the belly to 
distend. tfdsga to miscarry, 
cause an abortion. 
to digest. 3ta33i$, 
to feel a griping pain in the 
bowels. scKos to fill the 
belly, to have a hearty meal, 
hunger to be appeased. $P 
^fc to be aggrieved. eo&Fs. 
^o&^reos to become preg- 
nant through illicit inter- 
course. _ rfoK^S), -doci^s> to 
retch, to have nausea, qualm. 
_-rfos?o^ to cause pregnancy 
through illicit intercourse. 
_ 5^ 3p?bs> to have looseness 
in the bowels, to purge. 
os3c$, &-oz3c^ banjina, banjina- 
vu, s. Pregnancy. 2. stools. 
adj. Pregnant. T?OS,-J V $, aio 

^sefcs to go to stool. 

banjinadi, J. The belly 
of a beast 0r fish. 
o^^ras?* banjinaly, s. A preg- 
nant woman. 

-6 banjibeire, s. A glutton. 

banjiruni (eocsSS), r. a. 
The (distended) belly to 



EO o<3 banda 

20o2 barije, s. A barren woman. 

adj. Barren, sterile. 
eoo2s3 barijele, s. A glutton. 

barijeltana, s. Gluttony. 
barijottu, see .eoo&tf. 
bantu, J- Pride, vanity. 
2. bragging, boasting. 
zookraeJ, 20oks>a3ri bantata, ban- 

tatig-e, see ^ozssu. 
20oeJo bantu, see sooB. 2. heroic, 
courageous. 3. glutinous. & 
co courage, pride. 
20ofc3 bante, ^. A man belonging 
to the principal class of culti- 
vators, called Bants. 2. a 
servant. 3. a demon so called. 
3^333 a demon priest. 
2oo<2 ! ' handy, see fScS. 

?^ bandasu, J. A kind of fish. 

nie)e3 bandasale, s. A store- 
house, warehouse, granary. 
o^?3 bendase, see soc^co. 

tige, see E 

bandayi, ^. Conspiracy. 
34)d bandara, J^ 
bandari, see 
bandi, see sfSoa. 

^o^c^ bandu, banduta- 
na, see ^o5. 
od bande, see $01$. 
rs banna, s. Colour, paint, 
dye. 2. exaggeration. 3. a 
degree of fineness, touch in 
metallurgy. 7^6 a painter, 
dyer; Jig. a man given to 
exaggeration. tfjabrs, d^v 

to colour, paint, 
dye; to exaggerate. i&eLs 
colour to fade. 

zooC9cA's03obannang-ayi, J. A half 
grown cocoanut. 

sooreUtf, WoD3s!3tf bannatige, 
bannatige, J. A piece of wood 
driven through rafters to 
keep them fast. 2. carving, 

bannanige, see 200^^^. 

bannasara, s. A coral 
oriitf bannige, s. A painter. 

bandu, s. Shutting, closing. 
2. stoppage, suspension, ceas- 
ing. 3. prohibition, forbid- 
ding. e?ba to be shut; to 
cease, stop. *^, .^socrfo^H 
e&tfo^ to shut, close; to 
secure; to prohibit; to cease. 

soorf banda, s. Dough. 3f$ leav- 
en. ^03$, sktfo^a to knead 
flour to dough. 

soorf banda, -^ 200^. 

eoocSd P bandaddye, ^. 'Half bak- 
ed or boiled cake. 

d bandada-mara, J. The 

wild mangosteen tree, Dios- 

pyros embroypteris. 

bandagi, s. Slavery, ser- 


, 20od?S bandana, bandane, 

see sio^. [plant. 

bandanige, s. A parasitic 
bandaru, s. A port, har- 

bour. Tktfo^a to make a 

port, to anchor. 

20o > bandi 



20ob bandi, s. A kind of neck- 

ornament of gold. 
20o& bandi, 5. Imprisonment, con- 

finement. 3&5 temporary 

confinement. w>c3, MD^ a 

prison, jail, imprisonment, 

UoQ&Aftti bandikolu, s. A pair 

of cudgels used by a gymnast. 
20oas3D?2 bandivane, s. A pri- 

soner. 2. a criminal, culprit. 
, 2oo:3 bandu, bande, see 

bandukatu,^. Securing, 

making fast. 2. compactness, 

union. 3. fineness, nicety. 

adj. Secure, fast. 2. compact. 

3. fine, nice. 

zoodfcs* banduku, s. A gun. 
ZJocSs;* bandelu, s. A residence, 

Ucds^ZJ?^, bandobastu, s. Set- 

tlement, arrangement, ma- 

nagement. 2. safety, security. 

_ .fctfo^ to settle; to secure. 

200$, zooqSrS, 2oc$?3 bandha. 

bandhana, bandhane, s. Bind- 

ing, tying. 2. imprisonment, 

20o#j bandhu, s. A kinsman, 

relation. -Z^A relations^ 

in the aggregate. ^e3o love 

of relatives. 
Fi bannana, s. Trouble, ca- 

lamity, affliction, torment. 

2. see ecc^. _ ro:3o a tor- 


: EO^-J$ to be afflicted. 

eotra to be involved in 

troubles. 3os?^s> to afflict, 

torment, trouble. 

bannatige, see SOC^^T*. 
bannanig-1. --"* 

bannalu, see ^bo^a. 2. 

a family name. 3. lineage, 
coo^s^od, 20o<3>o3 bannimara, 

bannemara, s. The tree Mimosa 

si tin a. 

20oSj23" bampelu, see ero-x. 
LvO~oi.) bambayi, s. The thorny 

part of a palmyra branch. 
20o2oo bambu, s. Layers of the 

fibrous coverings of a plantain 

tree. 2. the bamboo. 
2oo200Dbamburi, s. A small kind 

of oyster. 
2Jo23 bambe, s. The core or 

inside stalk of a plantain 

tree. 2. flattery, false praise. 

3. prattling. --^ the rind 

of a plantain. ?^^oos> to 

work for nothing or in vain. 
20o3o^ bammana, s. Slander, 

backbiting. ~^s, s^jftfos 

T$; -- to backbite, 

bammaniyuni, see 

baka, s. A crane. 3 
a loud talking person. 
a glutton. 

bakabaka, 0<&'. Voracious- 
ly, eagerly. B^ to swallow 

bakala, s. A gash, deep 
incision. -e?l^ to be gashed. 



20 rl baga 

u bakalamara, s. The tree 
Mimusops elengi\ also 0225 

bakasure, s, A monster 
so called. 2. a glutton. 
20&6 bakire, see 
baklti, sec 

bakllu, s. A glutton. 
o^osiraO, 20^ baku, baku- 
mari, bake, see 2o^>?ta3. 
^e& bakedi, s. Loss from bad 
debts, insolvency. 2. diffi- 
culty, distress. 3. necessity, 
want. jtorfrea a needy 
man; an insolvent. 
see *,&. 

To ask repeatedly. 
o* bakkaru, s. A stride. 


,?j ff bakkasu, j^ tf^x. 


njj^i bakkasuni (Dw^?5), v.a. 
To devour. 

o^ bakkonuni, 

53, 2or^as3 baktale, bagutale, 
s. Parting the hair in the 
middle of the head by com- 
bing. 2. combing the hair 
into curls. 3. the crown of 
the head. 4. a chaplet. 

bakra, s. A sheep, jungle 

buguti, see #*,. 
bagulu, see v>7<<5. 2. see 

bagandara, ba- 
gandala, s. A carbuncle, 

malignant abscess on the 

rfk3o> bagatuni (eoXS), v. n. 
To straddle, stand astride. 

bagadatte, s. The name 
of a giant. 

2orfzjr(bagabaga, s. The crackling 
noise of conflagration. esaor 
?5 fire to blaze with a nbise. 
S soe; ^OTTO, aio^S >7\ 


(he says) "come son", 
while inwardly regards you 
with jealousy. 
2orio s bagaru, see s^S. 
bagara, s. A bow. 
tf bagalu, j. The armpit, 
the side from the armpit to 
the hip. ^ 333^0$ to put or 
keep under the arm; to mis- 

bagaluni, see siXo^. 
bagale, s. An Arabian 
ship. 2TO020 a largo mouth; 
a glutton. 

2oris?2)e3 bagalata, s. Barking. 
2. clamouring, vociferation. 
rfo^CkS, see 20 A <o$. 

zori^o bagalu, J. Eaving, wander- 
ing in mind, talking irra- 
tionally. tfo$ delirium, in- 

2or!^o^ bagaluni (o>Xf), v.n. To 
bark, clamour, vociferate. 
2. to rave, talk irrationally. 

2or{$ bagale, ^. Distress, anguish, 
sorrow. 2. trouble, difficul- 
ties. trooSo a man in trouble. 


rre baga 



bagaru, s. Seasoning. 

bagasuni (WASCJ) r. 0. 
To desire, 
sorto bagu, w* w^. 

bagutale, w* w^A 

corto^o> baguluni, ba- 
guluni, soA^os. 
fl bage, .?. Kind, manner, way, 
species. 2. means, resource, 
income. i'O^a to have pro- 
perty, stock, means, or sub- 
stance. dotfo^ to acquire 
wealth; to pay off; to do a 
favour; to commit mischief. 
rtari bagebage, s. Rank, grade, 
class, adj. Diverse, various, 
a variety of goods. 
f\ 4 bageyuni, bage- 
vuni C 20 *), v. . To think, 
suppose, guess, imagine. ^^_ 
to deceive, intend evil, play 

the traitor. oSocT? -dS so^oSo 

he intended to ruin me. 

baggu, baggu, s. Flat- 
tery, praise. 2. backbiting, 
tale-bearing. srotdos to flat- 
ter; to bear tales. 

4> baggavuni, <;. . (^ "^ 
-" i To cause to stoop, make 
bend, cower. 

r\ baggi, s. An iron hook 
pointed at its both ends. 

3 bagguni (2:^). r-. w. To 
In-nd, bow, stoop. 2. to yield, 

baggele, s. A bending o?- 
crouching man. 

bagtale, jre zi^A 

^ bagte, 5^ sp^. 
o bagye, post p. For, on ac- 
count of. 

bacavu, s. Protection, 
deliverance, escape. e?bs 
to escape. ^t to seek pro- 
tection. ^o^s> to protect, 

bacca, ^. A fault, mistake. 


2. a young, as of an animal. 
S.J^^Ix^. -^==3 a calf of 
not more than a year. cs 
S to pay a fine. 

baccangayi, ^. The 


water-melon, Cucumvs cit- 

baccangelu, s. Tired- 


ness, fatigue. 

3 ?2 baccanfe, see eo^FfS. 


s? baccale, baccale, ^t^ 

^ baccavuni, <:. T-'. (<?/" & 


t^^) To cause to dry, fade, 
stunt. 2. to tire, fatigue. 
baccire, s. The betel leaf. 

_d K>Mj4S a betel salver, -rf 
^5o& a venomous insect found 
on betel leaves, -w ^a a 
bundle of about one hundred 
betel leaves. S^s> to chew 
betel leaves; to make peace. 

> or oooiflO are 
varieties of betel leaves. 

baccuni (8^)1 z-. . To 
become lean, thin. 2. to 

tot! bacce 



20 e3 bata 

dry up, evaporate. 3. to be 
weary, tired, fatigued. ^BS 
5 the hands and legs to be 
tired, croc^oso to falter in 
speaking; to be thirsty. 20^ 
54tel<a to get tired; to grow 
lean; to be dried up, as a 

202! & baccelu, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, tiredness. 2. leanness. 

3. ebb; cf. &&$. _z3a s a to 
' j j j 

take rest, refresh one's self. 

202! s3 baccele, s. A thin man. 



, 2022^, 2023 bajanu, baja- 
na, bajane, see $& 
202^2023 bajabaja, >//'. Moist, 
moderately wet or softened 
with water. &se& cattle- 
fodder soaked in water. 

bajavu, ^^ 20 &^^. 

oz33r3^ bajani, ba.Janige, 
j. A broom, besom. 2. clean- 
liness, freedom from dirt, etc. 
3. a plain, open ground; cf. 
3ocreoi. _s3o#o^ to sweep, 

:n^ bajanyuni (20&i5^), f.<2!. 
To long, wish; be greedy. 

3-3o3o?l)>, wt3e>?jo5> bajayisuni, 
bajasuni (eo&Jsosoco, 20337)^), -u.a. 
To beat, strike. 2. to eat 
heartily. 3. to do anything 
freely, without restraint. 
^)0 bajari, s. A harlot, whore, 
prostitute. 2. an immodest 
or indecent woman. 

bajavu, s. Dried leaves 
etc., used as fuel. 2. beating 

202obaji, adj. Empty, mere, only. 
2. vain, useless, false. ^ 
an empty hand. tfos^an ut- 
ter falsehood; an unfounded 
report, etc. 

z*23o3)) bajipuni, see $&$. 

20 So 23* bajilu, s. Paddy, moistened, 
dried, broiled, and beaten 
into wafers in a mortar. 
t>o& a kind of grass. xtf 
a kind of wreath made of 
similar wafers of gold. 

202 baje, s. Sweet-flag, Acorus 
calamus. e3?5 a mixture 

of sweet-flag and butter. 20 
zoi pDeraosoK fiff3j^S) to apply 
the paste of sweet-flag to the 
tongue (of children to im- 
prove articulation). 
wzacrt bajjanige, see soa^rS. 


2ot3 bajji, s. A mode of prepar- 
ing certain vegetables by 
baking them in embers, a 
kind of condiment. sSa^os, 
to prepare the above, 
bajjeyi, s. The areca- 


nut, betel-nut. 
2Jgj bajra, J^ sroedDS. 

2ob ff S3e)sS, 2oe3s3D^ batuvade, ba- 
tavade, s. Distribution of 
money, etc. 

20 U, 20 ^ra bata, bata, a^". Open, 
wide. tS^ an open plain, 
a highway. 





batate, s. A potato. 

batani, s. A kind of pease, 
Pisum satii'um. d?<$ 3&Q 
coo split pease. 

batuvadi, see edSsrotS. 

batuve, s. A bag, purse, 

satchel ; cf. #e3 S . 

1 J ro D 

batolu, s. A sack, bag. 
j<?<? eow . 


batty, j. The foreskin. o 

<^^^> to circumcise. 
toU batta, J. A globe, sphere. 

adj Circular, round. 2. see 

Jf^. .D-do an ox with cir- 

cular horns. 33 a bald 

&>y.o* battalu, .s. A plate, .y/. 

of bell-metal. 
to 13. batti, s. A ratan basket. 

2. a still, kiln, distillery. 3. 

distillation. 4. a kind of sco- 

lopendra. 5Uo^ to distill. 
v^. batte, s. A cloth in general, 

garment. 2. a road, path. 
.20^ batte, see $0^ 

battolu, see 200.^. 

batve, ^ 

badytaruni, badyturu- 
ni, badytruni, badypuni (^5 
^5, eoS^o5, 2o5j, so5), v. n. 
To ascend, climb, mount. 
Xoz|K_ to ascend a hill. ^> 
ti^- to climb a tree. 
ti bada, a^'. Poor, indigent. 
2. lean, thin. 33, 355 , 33 

poverty, indigence, leanness. 
3 a poor man, pauper. 
badantaruni, see 

badakayi, J. The North, 
i//'. North, northern. o^ 
the north point. 

badakka, a^". Sudden, ab- 

3s?3 badatana, s. A marriage, 
wedding among Pariahs; cf. 

badataruni, ba- 
dapuni, see soS^o^. 

badabada, ^. The noise of 
a drum. 2. babbling gar- 
rulity. sro^tfos to babble. 

badavu, ^. Hunger, ap- 
petite. e?L$ to be hungry. 
badave, badastana, 
see under 20^. 

soSo badayi, s. Boasting, 
bragging, -s^gtfos to boast, 

jso3o?o0^, Eo^D?Jo^, badayisu- 
ni, badasuni (eorocx30c3, aoosco), 
v. a. To augment, increase, 
enlarge, v. n. To increase, 
thrive, prosper. 
badala, see 
badavu, see 

badi, s. The fold of a gar- 
ment. adj. Folded. ^5 
double, two-fold. 
^o* badikally, s. A stone 
slab on which ;i washerman 
washes his clothes. 2. an 



20 &. batti 

badige, s. Carpentry. 2. 
a carpenter; also eoafcraoSo. 
20<S^)>, 2o<3oJoo badipuni, badi- 
yuni (2 s ), v. a. To strike, 
beat, thrash. 

2oas3t>rf badivara, see 2002030. 
20 ci) badu, s. A stick, cudgel. 
, _I3 is^os to beat, 

>3o),z'. 0. To 
climb; cf. eo5^i>?>. 

baduve, s. A pimp, pro- 
curer. 2. j^ 20ti3. 
i bade, adj. Thin, lean. ^ 
to become thin. 

badekane, s. A large 
coffer, cash-box. 
ir3JS>53> badesopu, s. Sweet- 
fennel, Anisum foeniculum. 
baddu, adj. Blunt, edgeless. 
2. dull, stupid, obtuse. s. 
Bluntness, dulness, stupidity. 
-tfS a blunt knife. - 

to become blunt. tfuo to 


get dull or obtuse. 

s? baddupuli, see ^^^9. 
bdda, see >tte e . 
baddi, J. Interest on money. 
?ci6 principal and interest. 
^ compound interest. 
to pay interest. K 
to lend on interest. 
baddiyuni (2^), ^. . 
To fly, run away. 

sod badde, ^. A stupid man, 

dunce. 2. a refractory man. 
badtaruni, see s 

badyuni, w^ a 
banumpu, J. A kind of 
timber tree, Terminalia cori- 

bana, see &#. 

banangayi, see 
banajige, 5. A Lingait 
merchant. 2. a Lingait. 

banabe, ^'. Light, not 
heavy. 2. weak, imbecile. 
s. A stack. 

banale, ^^ &3<3. 
banari, ^. A tear, sob. 
bani, ^. Colour, hue; cf. 
2. breed, kind. 3. 

banupu, banpu, see 

banna, ^ 

battu, s. A gander, duck. 
well boiled rice;, a 
glutton. #cra5 all kinds of 

eo^ batta, w #,- 2. w AS. 
20^^ battada, w^ ^f!o- 
20 ^e3 battale, adj. Naked, un- 
covered, without clothes- 33 
20^$^ battalige s. A quiver. 

battayi, s. An inferior 
kind of tobacco. 

, 73 s battasu, s. A kind of 

^ batti, s, A wick, caudle, 
match. 2. a cigar, cheroot. 
a wax-candle. ^ 




iixs> to make a cigar. ^^ 
s> to twist the wick of a lamp. 
f^s to smoke a cigar. 
^v^ battikajja, s. Thebusiness 
on which one has come. 
jpJSN* battimlnu, s. A kind 
of fish; also 

^ battuni, sec 

batte, see #,. 

* battelu, ^ w&_6. 

baduku, s. Living, liveli- 
hood. 2. estate, wealth, pro- 
perty. ep^Xo a comfortable 
living. j5>Aoa to be im- 
poverished, reduced to pover- 
ty. _ sk^$ to acquire wealth. 
badukavuni, c. v. (of 
To cause to live, 
to save, protect. 2. to heal, 

exist, subsist. 2. to survive. 

recover, be saved. 
2* Co bada, see 2^- 
2Jc3oM5L> badangala, s. A large 

sore. 2. a carbuncle; cf. 

badamba, ba- 
dambatte, rt;^/'. Flabby, not 

c-r.~/!Drjj badaname, see aorfe^A 

hadane, 5. The brinjal plant, 

Solatium esculentum, or S. 

melongona; cf. Xos^. ^os?^- 

the love-apple. 

c-r^rt badabada, ^'. Loosely, 

not tightly. ^o^s to dress 

badari, ^^ t^jss. 

zo^S^-sg sio badari, badari- 
kasrama, s. The residence of 

badarike, ^^ #aj3- 

, ^. Dishonour, 

badalu, ^. Exchange, com- 
pensation; cf. es3eorf. ^r0. 
Other, another, adj. Substi- 
tuted, acting for another. 
adv. Instead of. -^ in lieu of, 
instead of. sorfSK a}d tit 
for tat, retaliation, - 
a contradiction. 

badalamu, s. Disrepute, igno- 
miny. 2. responsibility, risk. 
3. a false accusation. 

sk^ badalayisuni (mw 
, r.a. To change, alter. 
2. to exchange, substitute, 

badali, ^. A substitute; cf. 
'. Acting. ?fos5 an 
acting appointment. 

badamu, J. Almonds. 
badalu, see &*$. 
badi, J. A dowry. 
badi, w >&. 

s^ badiyelu, J. A side-bone, 

badire, a^/". Deaf. 




badirengi, see 

badu, adj. Thin, watery; 
also aD^sorf. 

badukavuni, .$<? 


To dangle, as a weak limb. 
2od>orio badeagala, see sodoXe. 

eorf, badda, dfc True, certain. 

o' y 

2. bound. 
20 ci badra, see $&). 


badramushti, see #rfj 

badri, see 
, wa^^badrike, badrige, see 

baddha, ^'. Tied, bound. 
'2. astringent. 

badlamu, see sorf^So. 
d bana, s. A grove, pleasure 
garden. JTOA a thicket 
haunted by serpents. 

banampu, see eof^o^. 
banale, 5. A kind of frying 
pan. #<//. Thin. ^oowo a 
thin kind of cloth. 

banatu, s. Woollen cloth, 
broad cloth. 

v.a. To invent, forge, fabri- 
cate, as a false document, etc. 
2. to prepare, as a dish. 

banari, s. Saliva or juice 
of fruits drivelling about the 
corners of the mouth, etc. 

banavane, ba- 

navani, s. Invention, forgery, 
fabrication, adj. Forged, fab- 
ricated, false, fictitious. ^ 
^\^ to forge, fabricate. 

banavu, s. Agreement, 
> bani, see eorf. 

^o banekeri, see eosraB. 
^on-soaj, 2033^0^0 bappangayi, 
bappayi, J. The papaw fruit, 
Carica papaya. 
^o s bapparu, s. Obscenity. 
adj. Obscene. srogtf obscene 

oi) bappu, s. Stupidity, sense- 
lessness. <2^/'. Stupid, simple. 
& bappe, s. A simpleton, stu- 


pid man, glutton. 
W,O^J3o2o babbarimanji, s. A 
kind of fish. 

tx6<j babbarye, ^. A demon so 
" j . 

called. ^jsW^ its shrine. 

babrapuri, j. Disorder, 

bamana, s. Backbiting. 
)^' bamanipuni (ws^s), 
i). n. To backbite, 
baya, see ^^>- 

bayambu, s. Chaff, shell. 
2. a hollow, hole. adj. Hollow, 
to become hollow. 
^o3j3o bayakuni, ba- 
yasuni (aiodo^, aiodoco), v.a. To 
long for, desire eagerly. 

bayake, ^. Desire, especi- 
ally the longing occasioned 
by pregnancy. **>'&>& to en- 




tertain sumptuously a preg- 
nant woman. ^o53o a cere- 
mony observed in the fourth 
or sixth month of pregnancy. 
bayi, see 2. 
^ bayitadu, see 

bayine, w* t3e3 

?^ bayirasu, 

bayilu, ^ 3^6. 
bayilare, s. Very low 
fields which are under water 
in the rainy season and 
yield only one crop. 
o&c* bayya, s. Evening, even- 
tide; also 3(orfo. 


bayyata, s. Abusing. 
bayyuni ( Wcc tf,g), v. a. 
To perch, roost. 

bayyelu, 5-. Running. 
Ksa^a to ride a 
horse, etc. -^^s to run, as 
cattle, etc. 

bayyoli, J. A walk. -K 

to take a walk. 
20 ti bara, .y. Famine, scarcity. 2. 
coming. 3. weakness. rao, 
attSraa a time of famine, 

200 bara, -r. Divorce, dissolution 
of marriage. 3rf^$> to di- 
vorce a wife. [sloping. 

barankane, ^'. Steep, 

barangayi,^. Boundary, 
limit, shore. 

Cci;* barantu, j. Scurf, lean- 
ness. adj. Scurfy, scabby. 
l. scaly, as the skin. 3. lean, 

2. riding. 

thin. ss3o, iSjaeX a scurfy 
jaundice, scurvy. sa^oTS a 
disease of children. ^uo s>to 


grow thin, scabby. 

barantuni (^oS), r. . 
To grow dry, become lean 
or thin. 2. a sore to heal. 
barambu, see si-doeoo. 

baraku, adj. Full, filled, 

barakattu, 5. Success, 
prosperity, thriving, blessing, 
fortune, luck. 

barakala, barakala, 

barakelu, ^. Inundation. 

, cod^o baradu, baradu, adj. 
Useless, unprofitable, vain. 
2. barren, childless. 3. (im- 
perat. of eoS;F$) let (him, etc). 
come; see Kbrs. oSo^or an 
old she-buffalo past milking. 
odel barani, barane, s. A 
china jar. 2. the trough of 
a water-lift. 

barata, w $&r. 

barati, w ^Sr. 

barana, ^'. Scarcely com- 
ing or occurring; rare, un- 

Sffc< baranyuni 
To curse. 2. j 

barapuru, adj. Full, 
plenty, ample, brimful. 

: barabara, s. A noise, as 
of rain pouring on a palm- 

20 d bara 


206 bare 

leaf umbrella, or of parching 
paddy over a fire. 
20^200 barabu, J. A boundary. 

2ods3oo baramu, .y. Respect, ho- 
nour, reputation. , 
2ods3c3ri baravanige, . Compo- 
sition, style. 

^j baravasa, see sjftfcta. 
baravu, s. A small excava- 
tion in a well or tank for 
water to collect in. 2. see 
20rro4- ^^o^s to make such 
an excavation. 

baravuni, see 
baraha, see 

barata, s. A kind of fire- 

20O>ri>rv baranige, s. Agreement, 
coincidence, as between any 
two measures of grain, etc. 
2. fulness, completeness. 3. 
see 20-d^rf^. 

baradi, s. Coming, haste, 
barabari, adj. Right, 
proper, just. s. Equality. 2. 
good order or arrangement. 
DD^) baravu, s. Writing, manu- 
script. 2. learning. rfo^ 
eoLrs) to be able to read and 

0e>s3)i baravuni (e^>), v. n. 
To be benumbed. 3^5- the 
foot or leg to sleep, to have 

O'Snf barasu, s. A carpenter's 
forked instrument. 
O bari, s. Side, border. 

20 S bari, see 203!. 
zoO bari, s. Lineage, descent, 
family, race, tribe, -eoorf, 

eoorfj relations, 
barinka, s. A small kind 
of deer. 

, 208=$ karika, barike, adj. 
Hard (distinguished from 
soft), as the pulp of a fruit, 
a hard kind of mango, 
barita, see %&r. 

bariparndu, adj. Al- 
most ripe. 
200^)^ baripuni (K>D), p. . To 

gash, cut, scratch. 2. to 

trim, as the border of a field. 
200333$* bariminu, s. A kind of 

2oOoko> bariyuni C 208 ), #.#. To 

encase a bottle, jar, &., in 

a kind of net-work. 
2oO^S barita, adj. Full, complete. 
20do baru, s. Boast, brag. adj. 

see tSjaetfx [sobrs. 

2odos3 baruve, see ^>^ Q . 2. see 
206 bare, s. A mud-wall round 

the premises. oSoeTO^^ to 

erect such a wall. 
206 bare, s. Branding the arm, 

etc.^ with a piece of red-hot 

copper in certain diseases. 

TOTSos, 345> to brand in 

this way. 
206, 2065 bare, bare, see soaS. 

baregala, see under >tf. 
barejana, s. Low caste 

people. 2. talkativeness. 




bareta, s. A line, mark, 
scar. 2. a wale, stripe, we 
T^^_ creases in the Land. 

> barepavuni, c. r. (of 
e:-5?:) To dictate, cause to 
write. e;-5c34^o3j a school- 

6j> barepini (^), v. a. To 
write, draw. 

6oo> bareluni (^35), <'. . To 

To cause to starve. 
baroni, see a- 
D barobari, 

barka, adj. The noise of 
rending a cloth. 
^-s* barkatu, s. Prosperity, 

barkala, see e>aa. 

barkasu,^'. Bad, mean, 
base, vile; unpromising. 
xrar?]^ barklstu, JT. Rising, 
breaking up, as an assembly. 
barke, s. A title among 
the Bants. 2. ^ x>?>3. 
W^F^ barkena, a<//'. Solid, fast; 

2. $ aDBS 1 . 

2jrtre3f. bargattu, adj. Reduced, 

^avuni, c. v. (of 
) To neglect, waste. 
bargattuni ( wXr ^), 
u. n. To run waste, be ruined. 
tfjsr^ bargottu, s. Threaten- 
ing, menncing. 2. frowning. 

7 r . it. To threaten, menace 

2. to frown. 

barcane, s. A comb, 
barci, s. A spear. 

barcuni ( a: ^ r ), "'. . To 

s3 barcele, -y. One who de- 
vours food in haste. 

barjuni (2-^ r ), "' a. To 
strike, beat. 2. to reprove, 
rebuke, v. n. To be obsti- 
nate, stubborn. a-^rS^oeo^ 
to refuse obstinately to do a 

barta, see p^r. 

barti, see s$&r. 

bardashu, s. Consola- 
tion, comfort. 

3D^5) barpavuni, c. v. (of 
ai&rs), To let come, cause 
to bring. OA_ to give 
trouble, tease, vex. 

barpini r. n. To come, 
arrive, arise. 2. to bring. 

3. to happen, befall, c.dai. 
To acquire, get; to under- 
stand. 2. ca 

he will be wise. 

I understand Tulu. 
eojgrctSo I can read 
and write. 

barpuduni, sec 2023^4$. 

barpuni, see s^Q^s. 

, ws^Fdj barpura, ^6- ^ 


^jF barphi, ^. A kind of sweet- 

ZJIOF barba 


ZOZOFO J barbaru, s. Noise, bustle, 
barmu, see wtteoo. 
orl barmunde, s. A very 
poor widow. 

barluni, see e*5e;o$. 
barve, s. A kind of fish. 
?iF barsa, ^. Rain. djaBcdooa 
rain to pour. 2o>r$> to rain. 
^sJ,^ balutruni, see so4o>- 


s; bala, s. Strength, power, 
might, force, influence. 3 
e5c n, 3zSo cakes prepared 
on the preceding day of a 
festival; the day preceding 
a festival. ^o^ a powerful 
man. e>^ digestion. e? 
&s> to become strong. 3 
3j2y3i$ to weaken, invalidate, 
to strengthen. ^o 
to take courage, stand 
firmly. ^oo5odoos to sub- 
jugate, put down, break 

sj bala, s. A coarse net-work 
of rope, in which pots and 
other vessels are suspended 
from the beams of a house. 
^o a noose to tighten the 
vessels so suspended. 
^o=5* balanku, s. A day of 
fasting previous to Krushna's 
birthday. a^oT? reduced. 
ejofcJ^ balanjuni (20>c2), v.a. 
To roll up. 

^oeJo^) balantuni (asaoO), v. a. 
To grope, search in dark- 
ness; to feel, stroke. 

balambayi, s. Wide 
mouth. 2. see eoaisrcaso. 
balakana, see &&. 

balakayisuni (&v&> 
, e/. . To secure, pro- 
tect. 2. to augment, increase, 
balake, ^ wtf??. 
balatu, ^. The right side. 

zoo 3 balata, ^/'. Right. -^ 
the right hand. ^f\^<5 the 
right side. 

zo ^3-3,0 balatkara, s. Force, 

. o 

violence, constraint, exaction. 

zo^o^ balapuni, see eos^s. 

zoo?J300jbalabayi, 5-. The bamboo 
of a roof just above the 
entrance of a house. ?3?e$ 
to hang upon it. 

zoo^gj balabhadre, s. Krushna's 
elder brother. 

ZO^SJOOQ balamuri, s. Turning to 
the right hand, -tfcso a rare 
conch that winds to the 

balayi, see eaeraoso. 

balarame, ^. Krushna's 
elder brother. 

>s3oori balavantige, s. Force, 
violence, compulsion, pres- 

oriol balavante, s. A strong, 
or powerful man. 

balavatte, s. An unequal 

balavu, s. Potstone, glim- 
mer, slate; also 2oe>43 5. 


a slate pencil. 



so bali 

balasy, adj. Loose, slack; 
phlegmatic. e?L>?> to become 

?fc;} balasuni (>a), v.a. To 
serve food. 

;So^ balahma, adj. Weak, im- 
potent. 3, s weakness. 
a weak man. 
balandi, s. A female 
uSfl, W2J3& balEdige, bala- 


dhye, J^ aoe;rfc^. 

,b balatkara, see eoog^tf. 


^5> balapini (sos^j-), ?. >z. To 
gain strength; to recover 

ja>2os;, sooejzo^ balabala, ba- 
labalike, s. Strength and 
weakness. 2. the strong and 
weak points of a case. 

d balabalme, s. Strength. 
balayi, s. A pestle used 
for pounding. 2. arrogance. 

i'. a. To transgress. 

balara, >y. The rounding 
of the edges of a table or 
other wood-work. Z.see&tt. 
balalu, adj. Useless, s. 
see <sea& sBj a frame of 
bamboo sticks with torch- 
lights at their tops, carried 
in a procession. 

balas^, adj. Loose, not 

D balasa, s. The phlegmatic 
balale, see 

bali, s. An offering, oblation, 
sacrifice; a victim. e5^r?5 
an offering. esirtS zfctfo^ 
to offer sacrifice, make an 
offering. broiiw to go in 

> bali, ^. The name of a king; 
also eoe3^^)iiBr. rJeor, _s^> 
^o a Hindu feast in memory 
of Vishnu's treading him 

^balike, s. Prowess, strength, 
hardness. 2. toughness, adj. 

rf balig-e, baligema- 
ra, s. A jungle tree used as 
strong timber. 

balitaruni, see ^eScdws). 
balipam, s. A marble. 

balipaburu s. The 
creeper Gloriosa superba. 
balipltha, J. An altar. 

balipu, ^. x\ rope fastened 
over a thatched roof to keep 
the thatch compact. ^uo^^ 
to fasten a rope in this way. 
balipuni ("), r. n. To 
decamp, scamper, r. a. To 
stick, adhere, hold fast. 

, balipe, s. A royal tiger, 
leopard. 2. prowess, strength. 
3. see a^3- 

balime,^. Strength, might. 
2. J^ w ^ 

)oJo:> baliyuni (ai5), t'.. To 
stick fast, as a poultice, 
plaster, etc. 




baliruni (*5), p. . To 
develop, as the fetus, in the 

balishta, adj. Strong, firm, 
powerful. &3 strong, power- 
ful people. ^^ a power- 
ful man. 

zoe;o balu, adj. Very, large, great. 
2. severe, violent. e?bs> to 
be powerful; to be violent. 
balukade, see eoe^a. 

balumara, -J. A palm 
which does not yield toddy. 
balume, see 20^. 

balummu, s. A kind 
of fish. 
s3 bale, J. A net, web, snare. 

a spider's web. 83e 

) to cast a net. soaoodr, o 

are the names of different 
kinds of nets. 

3 bale, s. The rapiers of bam- 
boos fastened cross-wise to the 
rafters of a roof. 2. see &>$. 
balenkri, ^ w?roD. 

, 5. Closing an open- 
ing or passage in hunting, by 
which a beast can escape. 

balepuni (a>J), v. a. To 
enclose, surround. 2. to 
besiege. 3. to hem. v. n. To 
be distressed, vexed. 
o?bs> to ensnare. 20 
to entangle one's self or to 
get entangled. 

balevodu, s. A kind 

of fish. 2. the broken mouth 
of a vessel. 

j03j, j5^ocl balendriye, 
balendre, s. A celebrated king 
of giants. 

Firm, strong. ^. Strength, 

^ balkatti, J. A large knife. 

2. J^ >o&3;QS?. 

sod balke, J^ 20^^. 2. ^ soe3^. 


zos3 balge, see &&X. 

tetpkf balcatu, s. A kind of 


fish. 2. a coarse kind of bread 
offered to demons. 

zos3 , tod u>^ balde, baldemmu, 
s. A kind of fish. 

20>,p balmana, s. Preparation. 
2. decoration. ^o^p_ a 
sumptuous dinner. ?&$ 
to be ready for eating; to 
be decorated. 

sod^balme, s. Strength, prowess, 
might. 2. soothsaying, augu- 
ry. _ crooSo, eoosnoSo a sooth- 
sayer, augurer. ^eoeoS) to 
consult an augurer. z^$ 
to augur. 

zj^ balya, s. A turn to the 
right course. ^Oorio^ry a 
doubtful sickness. 

balyaye, ^^ under soe^. 
balyaru, ^. A shark. 

are different varieties 
of shark. 




200, bahi 

i~<? baity, s. A rope. cord. 


toe; balla, J^ ># . 2. ^^ eoLrs. 


202J3*? S , 2oa'5>s? ballaty, ballale, 

5. A baron or nobleman. 
L^) balli, dcf. v. neg. Cannot. 

(posit. Sj) oSoc^F I cannot. 

ajs33- cannot see. 
i^& balle, s. A thicket, bush. 

2. see $ 



bava, bavana, 

bavane, .?. Birth, origin, ex- 

bavate, see erods. 

bavana, s. Cooked rice. 

bavaroga, see 
jo^j bavu, ^. Barking. 2. 

todjrf-;^, 20^)3^^^ bavuruni, 

bavurottuni, see ^^ar^a 
20S^)X bavusa, see 2^5^. 
2o?o basa, s. Strength, the mar- 
row or serum of the flesh. 
adv. At once. ^ooz&s to be- 
come weak. o33ci>s> to put at 
once or suddenly. 

, 20^0* basakku, basaty, 
adv. Forcibly, violently. ^ 
s& to draw violently. 

basabasa, s. Gushing, 
flowing in a stream. ^ D 5 
j?) to throw up much blood. 
basaruru, s. A village 
near Kundapur. ~c&3&% 
lit. the arbitration of Bas- 
ruru; an indefinite or un- 
settled arrangement, pro. 
23 basale, s. The Malabar 
nightshade, Basclla alba. 

basava, basave, s. An 
ox; Siva's steed. 

-j basaty, basala, 
adv. At once. 33^$, -^ 
=ds> to throw, pour 0r cast at 
20nj basi, s. A porcelain dish or 

2o-:c3jo basiyuni, see &VQ&. 

tox!ot), zo^j^o basuri, basuru, s. 


2o3jS^) basula, s. A wale, stripe. 
20 ?3 base, see ^-. 2.^^ 20^. 
c^^ basta, <z^c'. At once; cf. a^. 
20^,^ bastade, s. An abode. 2. 

an inferior kind of fane. 
20 <. basti, s. A Jain temple. 2. 

an abode, lodging. 3otfo,.a 

to people, colonize. 
20^ basma, see #^- 
2o3 bassa, s. Overflowing. 


203odfcd->, 2ooos)CiD'' bahaduru, 
bahadaru, s. A hero, warrior ; 
a noble or high-minded man. 
2. a title of honour ; cf. tt~Z. 
aiScrfa ^roSi a gold pagoda. 

2020^ bahala, adj. Abundant, 
much, many, numerous. <idv. 
Abundantly. sBr often, 
many times. 

20 3o bahi, adj. Without. 3cX 
public, abroad, outside. "3 3 
X erLsto become public. 20 


, bahishkara, s. Expul- 
sion, ban, excommunication. 
to excommunicate. 




J03l> bahu, adj. Much, numerous, 

many. 2. severe, violent. 3 

<^^ much work. ^ many 

sorts or ways. ^aor very 

nice. desro^r^S polytheism. 
ejSdo^D^o bahudhanya, s. The 

twelfth year in the Hindu 

cycle of sixty. 

bahumana, s. A gift 

by a superior to an inferior. 

2. reward, recompense. 3. 

honour, adj. Honourable, re- 


sdj^oJSa, bahumutra, s. Dia- 


bahuvacana, s. The 

plural number. 
20 ado 5> bahusa, adv. Probably, 

perhaps. 2. often, in many 

ways, for the most part. 
eosco^ bahula, s. The dark lunar 

2j^ bala, see 20 <y. 2. see >^ v - 

balantuni, see eoocoa. 

balakani, ^. Meshes of a 
net; a noose for tightening 
the vessels suspended in a 
net-work of rope. 

o> balakuni (^^), #. . 
To quake, shake, shiver. 2. 
to bend, curve, stoop. 3. see 

balake, s. Boasting. 2. j 

S.see 8339^. 

balakka, J. The sound of 
2. a large piece 
of a cocoanut kernel. 

balaga, s. A quantity, heap, 


multitude, body. >co_ re- 

balanike, see 
balapa, ^ 

balapavuni, c. ^ . (^ 
To make grow, rear, 
bring up. 

j^3 balapu,^. Growth, growing. 
2j<^> balapuni (), . . To 
grow, shoot up, be enlarged, 
balara, J. A kind of cornice, 
ornamenting the beam on a 
wall, window or door-sill. 
^Q^balalike, s. Tiredness, fa- 
tigue, exhaustion. 
^sJS balavali, see ecvorf*. 
tfsjjp balasuni (^c3), P. ar. To 
serve out food. 2. to use, have 
in common use. 
< bali, see eoe. 2. w aieS. 

balike, J. Familiarity, ac- 
quaintance, intimacy, com- 
mon use. adj. Common, fami- 
liar, usual. 

Jo, balikottu, see 208. 


balivali, see eo^o^^. 

balumburu, J. A kind 
of creeper. 

balukuni, J^ 20^03. 

baluvali, j. A wife's 
dower, bridal gift. 2. pursu- 
ing. t^^s to give dowry. 

^ua^ baluvike, ^^ sro^. 

^ bale, J 1 . A bracelet. 2. a 
hoop. 2. the edge or rim of 
a vessel. 3. the reepers or 
slips of bamboos used to 


20? bale 



fasten the rafters of roof. 
036 double reepers. &>5 a 
single reeper. erooso, see &> 

20<s>. bally, see eo^. 
20^, balla, .y. A seer, measure 
of capacity equal to about 
one seer or eighty tolas; in 
comp. 2oj 

zotf, Sjo20F<y, 33(020^ are the 

modes of reckoning from one 
to ten seers. 

ballaye, s. A master. 
ballale, see sos^f. 

* balli, s. A creeper, parti- 
cularly the betel vine. <\$ 
to plant betel vine. 

banku, s. A poniard, 

banka, adj. Huge, gaudy. 
a a gaudy turban. 
3 bankade, ^. Retching. 
_3oLr to retch, be qualmish. 
ot? banki, banke, s. A 
trumpet, horn. -A)&^ to 
blow a trumpet. crooSo a 

banku, s. A bench. 

banku, bangu, banga, bangu, J. 
A call for prayer among 
Mussulmans. &8&F$ to cry 
out, call for prayer. 

bangavuni, c. v. (of 
8030X0^) To cause to bow or 

banguni (arooK), v. n. To 
bow, stoop, lean on one side ; 
cf. 20X0 s>. 

" A 

banda, ^ 
bandu, J 

Ejsoi banti, bante, ^f 


bandu, J. An embank- 
ment, mound. 2. a boundary 
stone. trwo ?> to raise a 



bandhave, s. A relation,. 

>x? bandhike, sec vs>$j- cf. 

8 ' bampelu, 
bambe, see 

bambelu, s. A crack,. 
crevice, hole. 2. a large 
mouth. ^23 a wide ear. 

bakaru, s. A walking 
stick, with a curved top. 

bakayi, see tfacvaoax 
i,^. Balance, remainder, 
rest, surplus. 

^dJ5)Q s , 2J3x?^D* bakimaru, 
bakyaru, s. A large open field 
in front of a house. 

bakilu, s. A door, gate. 
e^cS a large gate, ^o-do a 
wicket, small gate, - 
to open the door. zra 
to shut the door. 





bakude, s. A Pariah 

bagu, J. A garden, 
baga, -rae sps*. 

)A bagadige, bagi, s. 
A coparcener, shareholder, 
equal sharer. 

DrraoSoso bagayiti, 
bagayitu, s. A garden. 

arari^o* bagikallu, s. A resting 

i w 

We>r5dodbagemara, s. The sirissa 

tree, Acacia speciosa. 
23e>rto> baguni (ereE), p. . To 
bow, stoop, lean, 
baca, ^^ eroal. 

bacanige, .s. A comb, 
baci, J. A wedge. 2. ^ 
5 ersel s\^ to take 

O oJ 

a little from a heap. 

bacinga, J^ eroSoX. 

bacinge, s. A clown, 
rustic, simpleton. 

bacuni (e^sS"), v. a. To 
scoop or gather up. 2. to 
cut lengthwise. 3. to trim 
a palm leaf. 4. see eorfors). 

bace, adj. Curved in front. 
2. oblique, adv. Obliquely. 
!?j8ceoo a horn curved in 
front. T?^^ to chip. 

bajana, s. Any vessel, as 
a pot, cup; a dish. 

3e)d bajaruj bajara, 
-. A bazaar, market place. 

baji, s. An adze, a carpen- 
ter's axe. 

bajige, bajida- 
ye, s. A musician. 

bajira, (corrup. o/ 
A bazaar, shop, &:. rf 
the counter of a native shop. 
e>c2cj35j) bajirapu, adj. Very 
much. w^ about eight feet 
long; very long. 
22oe)o3o bajiraye, s. An emi- 
nent man. 

baju, s. The arm. 2, side. 

soca, _&Dcrfo an armlet. 

aio^s to get out of the way, 
make way, step aside. 

baje, s. Music; a musical 

e^o* bajelu, s. Thirst. 2. a 
drink. 3 s^a^ the head of a 
Pariah gang, who has the 
honor of taking round the pot 
of toddy at a drinking party. 
-e?bs> to be thirsty. -Aa&rato 
give to drink. zbrd to drink. 

bajra, w* eoaa^S. 

bajre, s. A rich merchant. 

batanne, batane, 
^. Food, meat, provision. 

a?&g> to place food for a 
demon. \vlg- 

^O batu, J. A pimp, procurer, 

badankelu, badangelu, badante- 
lu, J. Withering, leanness; 
dejection ; paleness ; decay. 
adj. Withered, dejected. 

! badane, s. A bribe. 2. 
drying in shade; cf. aroyo??. 
rf aro5 partially dried paddy ; 


cf. . _*a?:rs> to bribe, 
a to dry. 

badayi, Rent, bire, 
freight. K x&sSbra to let. 
^tfoya to fix rent, hire, 6>r 

badavuni, . u. (<?/" arc 
To make dry or fade. 

badi, tfd/. Faded, withered, 
badige, J 

badu, see 

^I baduni (sro5), r. ;z. To 
fade, shrivel, wither, die; 
also src55^fE?Ls>. 

bana, ^. The sky, heaven, 
air. 2. an arrow. 3. a bow. 
4. a rocket. 5.' a water vessel. 
adj. Striped. s^oso, _ gryda'tfo 
a bitter kind of fruit. . 
a swallow. s!tfo a rainbow. 
5?3a female's striped cloth. 
3*53^ a sky rocket. s^5j 
a rocket, wheel-fire-work. 20^ 
a^a to throw rockets, let off 
fire- work. sro^oa to shoot 
an arrow. arodatSo joK: 
/*/. an earthen oil-pot in the 
sky, (riddle) \ a palm fruit. 
Kradetk eoe;^ /jV. a knife in 
the sky (riddle) \ a tamarind 

2J->r9oo bananti, s. A lying-in 
woman. ^o^ puerperal dis- 

^ofo* banakannu, ^. A side- 
glance, blinking. naoSj one 
who blinks. 

j*, WjjRD'j* banalu, banalu, 

s. Darkness. 2. blindness, 

banale, j. A dim sighted 

ree)^o6 banasure, ^. A giant 
destroyed by Krushna. 2. an 

bani, s. A border, edge, as 
of a boat. 2. sec s^rf. 

bane, J^ aro^- 

batu, we ^5,- 2.J^ sro 

bata, 5t^ zx>3- 

bati, J. Resemblance. 2. 

batume, s. Spying. 
bada, ^. Affliction, distress, 

badaru, see eosc^U. adj. 
Heroic; excellent. -Xri a 
small island near Udapi. 

badarabette, s. The 


nut of taliput palm. 
riD^o3of!badarayane,.y. Vyasa. 
the compiler of the Vedas. 
a^sjj* badamu, s. An al- 
mond, Tcrminalia catappa. 

badi, adj. Heavy, -tfts 
to become heavy. 

badu, s. A fence, file. 
baduru, see so^^s5. 

bade, s. A kind of drum, 
used by Pariahs. 

rf badbakkana, J. Making 
* -. . 

distinction in common affairs, 

D3 badri, J. A kind of barley 
badli, sec 




rd$3 badhaka, s. Inconvenience, 
annoyance. ?$ to be in- 

~d$<3 badhala, s. A door. 

sp^j^ badhipuni (eras), v. a. 
To afflict, distress, torment. 
3pOjoo badhiyuni (eras), v.n. 
To be affected, as by one's 
sin, etc. 

3$ badhe, s. Pain, affliction, 
torment. 2. see srotfox! . 
e)$n badhya, #^/. Related to, 
entitled to; incumbent on. 
s>$o J, WDCj^n^ badhyate, ba- 
dhyastig-e, ^. Relationship. 2. 
right, title, or claim to 

sqk^B badhyaste, s. An heir; 
a claimant. 

bana, see erar. 
D?5 bane, J. A hill, or jungle 
near a rice-field. eSjaW^ a 
rice-field situated on a high 

35j* bapu, s. A father. 
DSJoflo*, 539^0* bapangelu, ba- 
pelu, ^. A swelling, inflam- 
mation, sore. adj. Swollen, 
bapavuni, c.v. (ofzx>zj 

To cause to inflame. 

bapu, s. A swelling, tumor, 
abscess. O^Q , T\W or <*${ , 
z3cs_, zJe^ , eo^^- are di- 
ferent kinds of abscess. 

bapuni (era), v. n. To 
Ds3^ bapelu, s. Swelling; cf. 

j^^o bapelu, s. A plethoric 
woman. 2. an angry woman, 
bapele, s. A plethoric 
man. 2. an angry man. 

babu, babu, J. A 
point, matter, subject, item. 
sro5 the particulars 0r de- 
tails of an item, etc. 

babtu, s. Account, tiead, 
article, item. a^ ajss^rf r> 
re 4 money due on account of 

bama, ^. A bend, crook, 
arch. adv. So, like, after 
that way or manner. wbr 
$ to have a bend, be crooked, 
bamini, see 

>>oo3oo bamiyuni 

To console, comfort, soothe. 

2. to decline, refuse. 

bame, 5 1 . A faithful wife, 
bayake, see 
bayana, je<? 

bayalinka, ^. A quar- 
rel, dispute. 

bayale, s. A noisy man ; 
cf. 8OTo5jsa. 

03Je)Q bayadi, 5 1 . A prattler, 
braggart. &3 prattling, 
bayarig-e, see 

v. n. To be thirsty. 

bayali see 

bayi, -y. A Roman Catholic 

bayi, s. The mouth. 2. 
the edge of a knife, sword, 




etc. 3. speech, utterance. 4. 
an opening. v3 . ^^ o^ecrooso. 
psi5 . .y ogsroroso. ^zS the 
corners of the niouth. 3^ 
hand and mouth. aroc&e 
a loud noise. 83^3 a large 
mouth. 2>8_ a harelip. ov> 
3iun>d flattery. 3^ a large 
knife. -3-ot3r> an itchy 
mouthed man ; a quarrel- 
some man. 1^3 bitterness 
of the mouth ; hatred. 3e3 
sweetness of the mouth; flat- 
tery. azjaSo a loquacious 
man. $?E> spittle. 3ftS dis- 
pute, quarrel. sro^ learning 
by heart. sj^gtf an oral com- 
munication, verbal message; 
a promise. 3& a sore mouth, 
ulceration of the mouth. eo3 
^ a clamorous man ; an indis- 
creet man. ^o^ talking 
loudly or haughtily. ^ooeS 
<5 a cover, the lid of a vessel. 
_3ojsS a fetid breath. -S3 
taste, appetite. 3a^ mental 
arithmetic. ris3 savoury, 
palatable. escT^s to open 
the mouth, yawn, gape. es 
eora, -e/oscdjoa the mouth to 
burn. -^T^r^s, coAar^sto 
turn the mouth of a vessel. 
^fca^a to overcome in argu- 
ment; to silence; to prescribe 
diet. -^UOjS to muzzle; to 
observe regimen; restrain 
the appetite; to shut the 
mouth; to fasten the mouth 

of a bag, etc. ^gbs to 
vociferate, talk loudly; to 
open the mouth. 5353$ to 
guard one's mouth; to re- 
frain from returning abuse. 

3Uti>$ to be of age, as an 
animal when it has got its 
complete set of teeth; a sore, 
etc., to be perfectly heal. 

to feed, nourish. 
to bribe ; to poison 
one's meal. 5 axs-rfo$> to be 
entangled in a plot, ttc., to 
fall a prey to one's rage. 5^ 
20j3-do$ to fix a price defi- 
nitely; to pass word; to 
make a promise. soLrs to 
be able to speak. eoorfosro 
4s> to make one speak out, 
cause to confess. -sDoa^s to 
open the mouth; to speak 
out, disclose, reveal, confess ; 
to cry, as in danger, etc. 

sxs-rfoss to cease to speak, as 
a dying man. -si>e>oF$> the 
mouth to itch; to be quar- 
relsome. 3o<^$> to make 
an opening; to bawl out; to 
scold, rebuke. -7& 

to rinse, gargle. 


to shut the mouth, to hold 
the tongue. 3^03 to de- 
ceive, defraud. 
We> o* bar^, s. Paddy. 3 a see 

bara,.^. A thong, strap. -J. 
the upper leather work of 
sandals. 3..sve s>3. 




bara, s. Overgrowing, over- 

barage, s. A title of Bants. 

, 2c)d^ barane, barane, s. 
Stripping the bark of a tree, 
or cutting it lengthwise. 2. 
a comb. 3. sec KTC^F. 

$f baradanu, s. The dif- 
ference of weight in the two 
scales of a balance. 
5<Je>&> barapini (arotro), v. n. 
To be fruitful. 

baravuni, c. v, (of erodo 
To cause to chip, 
bari, s. Bamboo splits 
fastened lengthwise to the 
rafters of a roof from both 

bari, see 3^5. 

isuni (333oJ), v - Q" To 
play on a musical instrument. 

baruni (sreS), y. a. To 
cut, chip, trim. 2. to comb 
the hair. 

bare, s. The plantain tree, 
Musa paradisica. ti oqtS a 
plantain leaf. rf ct the 
stock of a plantain tree, 
unripe plantains. ri 

a young plantain tree. 
ri ^ a bunch of plantains. 
d c a cluster or comb of 
plantains. rf 3ic5r ripe 
plantains. & ^cd the pod 
containing plantain flowers. 
~eocs3 the round stalk inside 
a plantain tree. 

j?crfj_, ^t_, efjsron , 
^^5, &CA are some of 
the varieties of plantain, 
^o barkala, s. The thrashing 
floor, barn. 

barke, j^ sro"d^. 

barne, s. An offering of 
food to a demon. 2. a .meal 
after fasting, breakfast. 
crfFC$ barpani, s. A comb. 

3 ff bardanu, j^ erorfcro^. 

barli, ^. Barley. 

balu, s. A razor. 2. a 
pointed, double edged, short 
knife tied to the foot of a 
cock in cock-fighting. -&OJF , 
fntfR , T&^OO , ^A'rf-S-oJ' r are 
some of the varieties of the 
same. ^ooso, ^ooso the long 
feather of a cock. eooiro'd 
the sword and other gear of 
a demon. rfoou^ a barber's 
case containing his shaving 
instruments. 5'yoa to tie a 
short knife to the foot of a 
cock in cock-fighting. 

bala, ff^'. Young, tender. 
2. childish. -djeiS, -0?<3 
childish sport. child- 
hood. 3j3??3 instruction of 
youth. 80)5o^o a young 

balake, .?. A boy. 

d balagraha, J. Convul- 
sions, fits to which children 
are liable. rg s jj 

balade, s. A kind of 




balacandre, s. The 
new moon. 

balanaksatra, s. A 

balasara, s. A female's 

balasavuni, (aroe^te), 
i\a. To dispise; /". eyster^i^. 
e)^3cCitl balaharade, .y. A small 
variety of gall nut. 
S7e>4> balavuni, c. v. (of are 
ew$) To export. 2. to admi- 
nistrate, rule. 

^o baluni (a^), v. n. To run 
over, go out. 2. see aro^os. 
bale, s. A child. 4^0 a 
new-born child. 

5>J?* balemmu, s. A kind 
of fish. 

^ balke, J. A companion, 

balji, ^. A demon so called. 
baldi. j. A bucket. 
balya, J. Childhood, in- 

fancy ; also sj^jodo, . adj. 
Young, tender. 
bava, see ejra^. 

crS^iS bavate, bavute, s. 
A banner, flag, ensign. 

bavade, ^. An earthen 
lid or covering of a vessel. 
sdsJil bavadepatti, s. The 
marginal rapier of a roof, 
^ bavane, see 
si9 bavali, see 

bavu, J. Inequality of sur- 

face, unevenness,bencl, curve. 
as of a plank, tree, etc. 2. 

bavuduni, v. a. 

To turn up a rice-pot after 
the gruel has been strained off. 
bave, see eps3. 

eci)^ bave, s. The cream of milk. 
2. the pulpy kernel of a tender 
cocoanut. 3. a film on the 
eye. ^ocf^ fine earth float- 
ing on the water; cf. &~ 

erodp bavoli, s. A bat. 2. an 
ornament worn by women 
at the tip of the ear. 

We) basi, adj. Plain, unstamped. 
53A32 a plain paper, in con- 
trast to stamp-paper. 

eoDJbrl basinga, s. A nuptial 

base, base, see zpv.. 

s^sJ basata, ^//'. Talkative, 

s?od^^ basarevuni (sra^, 
T'. ;^. To talk in sleep. 
basing-a, see s^acX. 
bahulya, ^. Abundance. 
S38><>* balu, ^6- aroS. 

eoe)^^, ws^^ baluka, balaka, ^. 
Thin slices of plantains fried 
in oil, called sovereigns. 
bala, see ai^#. 

balavuni, c. ?-. (of aro^o 
To make thrive, prosper. 
3 balike, s. Existence, sub- 
sistence. 2. prosperity, thriv- 

o balu 


=5-, bikkd 

baluga, ^ srof^. 

baluni (<*), fl. w. To 
thrive, prosper. 2. to exist, 
subsist. 3. to last, endure. 
4. to sow seed. 

d, W3&, 33*$, balu, balu- 

oJ _ 

vike, baluve, balke, baltara, ba- 

Ite, balve, see vw$. 
^o^binka, s. Boldness, courage. 

2. pride, haughtiness. 
iiorl binga, s. Talc, soap-stone. 

orrat> bingari, s. A battlement. 

2. intoxication. 
zions, ^ohj bingiri, bingri, s. 

Raving. 2. self-conceit, adj. 

Delirious; vain; also 

3^Sr(o^ to rave, talk ir- 
rationally, as a mad man. 

tfuo^ to be wild, furious, as 
a mad man. 

Q bindi, J. A kind of cake. 

3*, sorf bindu, binda, ^. A 
drop. 2. a dot, mark. 3. 
semen virile. 

bindi, s. A small earthen 

binna, J^ po^. 

N^ binnana, adj. Quick, fast, 
speedy, adv. Quickly, spee- 
dily. &. fast walking. 

binnatale, s. A written 
memorial, petition or letter 
addressed to a superior. 
binnana, . Work, labour. 

binnaya, binnaha, 
s. A request, petition. 

binne, s. A kinsman, rela- 
tive. 2. a guest. 

bimba, s. The disk of the 
sun or moon. 2. form, shape, 
figure. 3. a reflected or re- 
presented form, shadow. 4. 


bimbili, bimbuli, s. The bi- 
limbi tree, Averrhoa Biliuibi. 
bimma, ^. The lip. 3^6 
a man with a harelip. 

os3or^ ^o^jo^ bimmage, bim- 
mane, adv. Tightly, firmly. 

bikari, ^. A beggar, pau- 
per. adj. Poor, destitute. 2. 
low, mean. 

bikku, s. Holding one's 


breath, as when making a 
strong effort, straining. 2. a 

^o bikkanasi, see e3^?a. 

bikkavuni, c. v. (of & 
j$) To cause to hold breath, 
as when making a strong 
effort; to strain. 

bikkuni (e^), T-. a. To 
hold one's breath. 2. to give 
little by little. eBS^ ^?lbs) 
to happen with difficulty; to 
have a premature birth. 835^ 
5 esLir?) to sob. 83^83^5 ^js 
Sbr?) to give reluctantly, little 
by little. 
* bikke, w ^^,- 




,& bikkelu, adj. Deficient. 


2. rotten. ^ a useless or 
rotten egg (prov^. 

3 bikkele, s. A man who he- 

sitates m speaking. 

^ biknesi, s. A beggar. 2. 
a man of mean disposition. 

3. a mischief-maker. 4. an 
obstinate man. 

bigute, see 83^4- 

5> bigupuni, see >f\3>&. 

bigurlu, 0dfo. Late in 
the night. 
biga, see s!>eX. 

bigata, ^'. Tight, 

bigadiji. J. Taking offence. 
2. disagreement, difference, 
discord, disunion. zScs^oso 
S^ adverse counsel 0r deci- 
sion. 3j;^l>$ to talk ad- 

teo, ^ne)^)^ bigaduni, biga- 
duni (83X5. eST^S), y. . To be 
offended, take offence. 2. to 
change, alter, as one's opi- 
nion or sentiment. 3. to 
abandon, forsake, as a side 
or part. ax>a 
mind was disturbed. 

bigary, see 

bigale, ^ 

h bigi, s. Tightness, tension. 
adj. Tight, fast, rigid. 2. 
difficult, hard. 3. obstinate, 
stubborn. -SUj a to tie fast ; 


to rivet, ibtt^ft to make 

fust or tight. 

ft 33s) 4 $ bigipavuni, ^. v. (of 
To cause to fasten. 

bigipu, J. Fastening, 

bigipuni (e 3 ^), v.a. To 
tie, fasten, tighten. e3?,i 
^^ to hold fast. 
!OJjj bigiyuni (e3r), . . To 
become fast or tight, 
bigu, see s3?\. 

biguta, ^. Tightness, ten- 
sion, adj. Tight, fast. 

bieca,^^/. Drawn, unsheath- 
ed, as a weapon. 

bicca, see $3\. 

'* 7 

so rs?^ biccanige, see aD^r^S. 


ej biccata, s. Bursting, 
breaking or flying open. 
s;5>s3)5> biccavuni, c.i'. (pf&tQ 
$) To open, unfasten. 2. to 

^0 tf&s biccukatti, s. A drawn 

biccuni (e 3 ^), 7'. . To 
burst, fly open, become loosen- 
ed; also 83e| 5$8Sb. 


:~ biccelu, ^'. Broken, 
split, cracked. 

cs2 biccole, s. A coiled piece 
of palmyra leaf put in the 

bicva, s. A double edged 
sword; cf. srao^. 
^ys>> bichane, s. A bedding, 
mat, carpet. 2. the straw 
bed of a horse. 

bija, see s3A 




bija, ^^ 83<3. 

&oe3 ' bijantfl, see 




i> bijala, s. A monstrous 

bijalu, * e336. 
bijaldi, s. A midwife. 

bijagri, s. The hinges on 
which the lid of a chest, etc., 
turns; also 83&O-&). 

bijiku, s. A clacking 

jT5\ bijikre, 5^' s3a;^5. 
S bijige, j 
J bijigre, 

bijipu, adj. Thin, watery, 
bijibiji, adj. Greasy, 
gummy, sticky. 

bijilu, s. The matter of a 
sore, pus. 

< vj$ bijiluni, bijelu- 
ni (83^^, 83JS5), D. a. To bear, 
bring forth, as a child, v. n. 
To suppurate, 
o biju, raz 83^^. 
o^ bijuni (s 3 ^), v. n. To 
ooze; t/. eA/)#o$>. 

bije, j 1 . A kind of Venetian 
blind made of split bamboo 
or cane. 

r^ri bijjanige, j 
bijjayi, j 8 
bijjelyuni, ^ 



bitti. ^ 

bitte, 5. The excrement of 
sheep, goats, rats, etc. 
~-^j bidavu, s. A ruling in- 
strument of carpenters. 
8i>o3o?io> bidayisuni (83rn)O3o 
!3), z 1 . . To enclose, put in, 

bidara, see eoozrotf. 
bidale, <y. A cat. 

bidike, bidige, see 

^ bidita, see &a& 

J bidite, ^. The chorus of 
a drum-beating to a vocal 
music. 2. intrigue. Sj3t$os> 
to beat a drum; to put on a 
mask; to disguise. 

bidugade, see SOO<!>AZ. 
bidugUj J. A coquette. 

bidug-ubajaru, see 

bide, 5. Shame, modesty. 

bidte, j^ e3ag. 

bittu, ^. Seed. 2. the kernel 
of a nut. 3. the testicles. 4. 
^ft bittige, s. Sowing. 

^ bittuni (8^), v. a. To 
sow seed. 
4 bitte, see e^* 
Cj*o 6 bidyru, ^^ ^55. 
d bida, j^ 23^. 

Q, ^ao3o bidi, bidiye, w ~9- 
a?^ bidige, j. The second day 
in a lunar fortnight. 





biduruni (3^)5), ?. n. 
To loosen by itself. 
z3 bide, s. A particular sort of 
seed. 2. sort, kind, class. 
_ g era^a management of 
adfctffl bidolige, s. Letting out, 

out going. 

Scf^or^ biddukannu, s. A 
squint eye. [man. 

rf ?oF biddarse, s. A squint eyed 
binnaha, - 

eJO* bmugubajaru, s. 
Household furniture, baggage. 
ol) biya, .s. A kind of tree. 
)0rao biyam, see 83?o>o. 
d bira, .s. A kiss. ; 
to kiss. 
birake, J<? 

, D~5?! biramane, birane, 
. A Brahman. 

s>^)^ biravuni, bira- 
vuni (sW, e3u3)-, T-. a. To mix, 
mingle, compound. 

birasuni, see sJdrioa. 
birinji, s. Slender pieces 
of firewood. 

0>5 biribiri, s. The noise of 
rending cloth, etc. 
05JjC birimara, jr. A door bar. 
:,;> biriyuni (s35), 7-.. To 
split, crack, burst; also e3& 

biru, ^r. A bow. 2. a curved 
spring, as of a gun, etc., adj. 
Violent, severe, strong, quick. 
a tempest, whirlwind. 

birudu, see 

biruve, -^ s 

birusu, J^ 


birelu, s. A finger. 55^ 
half finger, fig. half mind. 

the ring 

finger. 20^ , ^dX the fore- 
finger. ^c^, -S-^ the little 
finger. ^oao_ the thumb. 

the middle finger. 
birku, w 83^; cf. s3s ! ors. 

birka, ^. Overflowing, 

^OF^) birkuni (s 3 ^), v. a. To 
scatter, disperse, shed. [gap. 
birke, J. A crack, chink, 
birkele, s. A scatterer. 
birgali, s. lit. A tempest. 
2. a vagabond, wanderer. 
nf r, -^dJ3F^ birdu, birdolige, 
j. A badge of honour. 2. 
show, display. 3. prestige. 
_ 2 sos? a bracelet worn as a 
badge of honour. 

birve, s. A toddy-drawer. 
birsu, s. Velocity. '2. a 
kind of firework, adj. Clever, 
skilful, dexterous. 2. hard, 
stiif, rough. 
)?5e>Fari birsadige, s. Cleverness, 

ability, prowess. 
?3F birse, s. A skilful man, an 
able man. 

bilu, s. A bill, -srcri a 
sign; cf. A~. 
:C.'i> bila, ^. A liole, cave. 



e>>ij bilara, s. Tin ; iron vessels 

plated with tin. 
o bilimbi, see eScsoc. 

erarfd bilavara, s. Glass, 

wo ^3 wo, wo, s bilukulu, bil- 

kuty, tfdfr. Never, not at all, 

by no means. 2. universally, 

s3 bile, .s 1 . Price, value, worth. 

sszSsis to cost. *uo.s> to 


estimate, fix the price. 5? 

(3&^fU8 to buy, purchase. 
^"toS'^^S bilpatre, bilvapa- 

tre, ,y. The bael tree, Aegle 

wo billu, see e3tfo. 


e3 bille, s. Anything made in 
a flat form, as a tablet or 
lozenge, a peon's badge, etc. 
2. a pane, panel. Xo^si- a 
lozenge of sandal paste. tro 
oSo a peon, 
bilva, -stftf ^fj- 
bisi, see 83^. 

. A knife. 

bisaruni (s 3 ^), v.n. To 
slip, tumble. 

bisale, bisale, j. An 
earthen vessel. -S-cs a small 
earthen vessel. s3ca_ a large 
earthen vessel. 

bisatij,^. Regard, concern, 
care for. oi^ eSstei oSjcTF cro?3 
what do I care for you? 

^oSoNfS* bisayinenu, J. The 
cord of a fishing net. 

rO bisi, ^'. Heat, warmth, 
esp. of the sun. 2. j^ e3^. 
bisu, see a^o. 

bisulu, s. Sunshine. 
bili, o^'. White. 
bikshe, j^ ^fx- 

blmpu, J. A tail. 
blga, j. A lock. -^'^ a 
key. ^,5 a cross-lock. sro 
to lock, bolt. 

blgatana, s. Relation- 
ship by marriage. 
ri blge, s. A relative by mar- 

bija, J. A seed ; cf. 83^. 2. 
origin, cause. 3. a cashew 

brjata, s. Waving, swing- 
ing, fanning; brandishing. 
Z3e>d)>, ^23^4^ bljaduni, bl- 
javuni, c. v. (of 83e&(o^) To 
brandish, fan. 2. to wave, 
swing out, fling. ^ to wave 
the hand backwards and for- 
wards in walking; also 

bijuni (s 3 ?^), v. n. To 
swing, blow, as the wind. 
v. a. see e3??io$. 

bltu, s. The beat of a 
policeman. 2. see >&. 3. 

!3 blti, ^. Blackwood. ^B 
ebony, Dalbcrgia latifolia. 

bidyi, ^. A gathering, as- 
sembly. 2. dross, alloy of 
iron, ricesj- stallage. 





3 bidi, s. A cigarette. 
fa^ bldike, .?. A herd of loaded 

cattle. 2. the pile of their 

j bldu, see 23?S. 2. ^ 

bide, J. Shame, modesty. 2. 
agitation, nervousness, fear. 
fi bine, s. The Indian lute. 
2. a harmonium. 

bine, adj. Tough, indis- 
soluble, as overboiled jaggory . 
bitu, s. Intoxication, adj. 
Intoxicated, drunk, intj. 
drunkard! ep&s to get 

biti, s&7. $?. 
?> bidi, . A street, gate. 

bine, s. A grumbler. 2. 
see 83?& 

e33e><!? blpalu, bipali, 
. A fisherman. 

, ^. Casting, throwing. 
2. blowing of wind. 3. wav- 
ing hands. 203 a casting net. 
blpuni (83?), 7-. a. To cast 
a not. 2. to throw, sling, as 
a stone- 3. to throw up earth. 
4. to wave the hand. 5. to 
wash or cleanse rice. v.n. 
To blow, as wind; cf. eSe&oa. 
33 bipe, J. A king, ruler; a 
cruel man. fladv 

blbi, ^. A Mohammedan 
blme, ^ ^e&>. 
jo blmu, s. A beam. 
jj biya, .s< 

blyam, biyamu. 
s. A jar, jug. 
eo* blru, ^. Beer. 
;?D f rfO blrudari, see eS?r; 
D blra, s. Vanity, conceit. 
2. baseness, wickedness. 3. a 
panegyric, eulogy. 4. hero- 
ism, bravery. 5. mischievous- 
ness, trick, knavery, adj. 
Vain. 2. panegyrical. 3. 
mischievous. ri 83^ a rnisr 
chievous person. s^ to 
humble, humiliate. nrf^a, 
~-e3^s> to boast; to sing the 
panegyric of a demon. 3Pe 
&s to lead a mischievous life ; 
to get worse; to be trouble- 

, v.a. 
To collect, heap up. 

blravuni, sec eW^a. 

blri, s. Conflagration of a 
jungle or hill. -eojstfoa a 
forest or hill to be on fire. 

blruni, blryuni 
(e3?5), i'. a. To scatter, dis- 
perse. 2. to brag, boast, 

blre, see setf. 

blla, J. A tail. - rf^ooel 
cubebs, <?r Chinese pepper, 
Piper cubcba. 3^$ to walk- 
behind one; cf. sS&z^s. 
f^J bisa, ^/r 1 . Quickly, rapidly, 
fast: straightly. -J5bs> to 
go I 

S^<^ bisakallu, J. A mill- 
stone : a hand-mill. 




^rstf, ^?o>rt blsanige, bisa- 
nige, s. A fan. 
??% blsatti, see 63*^. 
?j^, >?dr3 blsana, bisane, s. 
Fanning. 2. net-fishing. 7\&3 
a fisher. 3^0$ to fan. 

bisuni (s3?oJ), tf. 0. To 
fan. 2. to grind. 3. to wave, 
swing. 4. to cast. v.n. To 
blow, wave; cf. 
o^o^ burijipuni 
To enjoy. 

bunnu, see 

* bukitu, s. A fragrant 
powder used as a perfumery. 

WefcrS, 200^0^1, 200%^ 

bukuti,bukuni, bukuni, bukku- 
di, s. Anything reduced to a 
very fine powder, as flour, etc. 
bukku, s. A handful. 2. 

O bukkudu, see 

bukkuni (2^^), z/.a. To 
pulverize, powder, z;. . ^^ 

o^, bukke, An affix showing 
/^g condition, disposition or 

habit of a person; <zj, XaS 
a man subject to itch. eoo?\_ 
a man who chews or smokes 
hemp leaves. 

bukti, s. Sacred ashes; 
ti ^da^ a box containing 
sacred ashes. 
rta bugu, see 

bugudi, s. A female's 
ornament worn in the tip of 
the ear. 3o a small flower 
plant with yellow blossoms. 
Orta bugubugu, see eoXsoX. 
buguri, see t3j^jaD. 
eoorlo^o^ buguluni (ewXof), ^. . 
To be grieved. 
buja, ^^ && 

bujanga, ^^ ^o&(oX. 

, zoo^O^ bujarike, bujari 
ge, s. Dignity, honour. 

buju, adv. Softly. &oo 
200?) to suck as children. 
^o^.ri buttage, adv. In cash, 
ready money. 2. in a round 

sojll butti, s. A basket. 

2ooe3, butti, J. Compulsory or 
unrequited labour. ^ ^a 1 ^, 
_rf d?e3 task work, forced la- 
bour, perfunctory work. ^o 
<$o^, _?te7;s^s> to do task work ; 
to do a thing perfunctorily. 

ecorf buda, ^. The bottom or 
stump of a tree. 2- origin, 
cause, foundation, sue) be- 
ginning. swtSatfo $e5 a?^$ to 
ruin one (fir0v.). 

budande, /zdfe. Without 
intermission, incessantly; cf. 

budakane, adv. Suddenly. 
2. heavily, with force; cf. 
to fall heavily. 
to dive suddenly. 
to rise suddenly. 




, budakka, see 


i^ budapatta, adj. Irregu- 
lar. srt intermittent fever. 
^?3 budale, s. Ease, freedom. 
2. overgrowing. 

budara, s. A temporary 
abode, lodging. rfotfo^ to 
take lodgings. 

budibele, see aootiisSeeS. 

, budu, budukatty, 
see aDoriiXif. 

budumba, adv. Hastily, 
to throw down hastily, 
budukka, #afr. Suddenly, 

^ortd budugade, s. Liberty, 
release, freedom. 2. inter- 
mission. e?Ls> to be releas- 
ed, -rfotfo^ to release. 
clscrad bududare, s. The re- 
marriage of a widow or of a 
divorced person. 2. a re- 
married wife. 

>c$JC3)$ bududali, s. A rover. 
2. a libertine. 

budupavuni, c. v. (of 
To loosen, untie. 2- 
to release, emancipate, de- 

:l>&> budupini (>o5), r. a. 
To put forth, from or away 
from. 2. to leave, forsake, 
quit, give up. 3. to let go, 
leave alone. 4. to shoot, dis- 
charge. 5. to remit, dispense 
with, deduct, leave out. 6. 
to dismiss, send away. 7. to 
cease, desist, terminate. 8. 

to set to, set on, as men to 
work, dogs to fight, etc.; to 
appoint to a work. 9. to un- 
cover, expose, make bare, as 
any part of the body. v. n. 
To become loose, dishevelled. 

i> to open the eyes, tfofe 
to be in a perplexity, 
to gallop a horse. ^ 
to reduce the price of 
a thing, atf- to send a mes- 
senger. 32?si- to expire, era 
8, ;ctea to make way, get out 
of the way. ^ to flower, sro 
090- to gape, yawn; to con- 
fess, reveal. sf& to shoot 
a gun. Added to the gerund 
or suspensive tense of other 
verbs, it expresses the com- 
pletion of the action, and 
answers to off, away, etc.; 
as, ^dor_ to give away, 
c^j to take away; to collect 
or recover fully, as a debt, 
etc. 3iSr_ to drink off. 
jdjZJjdi budubudu, adv. By 
drops. eojsTks to fall by 

}z2oz3ee3budubele, s. A journey- 
man's labour, job work, 
budedi, see 

budka, see 

buddale, s. A kind of 
fishing net. 

budde, s. A pod, legume. 
Zj budpini, see 
budruni, see 



200C-3 buna, s. A peg. 
20or205j) buaupu, s. A straight 
branch. ^ a handle made 
of such a branch. 
200C 1 303) > , 200^ bunuppu, bunpu, 

.y. Heel-tendon. 2. 
2003^ buttu, see 83^. 
20031^050 buttayi, see 

butti, .y. Stale food. 2. 
food put up for a journey. 

buttuni, see 83^$. 
w j^ butte, s. Semen virile. 
2ooc3"~e3 budule, see 
200 d buda, .?<? 
budali, ^ 

budubudu, s. A bub- 
bling or gushing noise of 
2oodoe3, 2ooc5>. 2oocSjs) budule. 


buddali, buddoli, s. A skin 

20oc^oi, tooc^od budyante, bu- 
dyande, s. A wise, sensible, or 
prudent man. 

200$ budha, s. The planet Mer- 
cury. ti$ the influence of 
Mercury on one's fortunes; 
good luck; prosperity. 

c budhavara, s. Wednes- 

3 buddhante, see aDorfno^. 
9 w 

2oo> buddhi. s. Intellect, sense, 

understanding. 2. know- 
ledge, wisdom. 3. advice, 
admonition, reprimand, intj. 

Sir, your honour. c 
stupid, senseless. s 
senselessness. -do^ wis- 
dom, prudence, sense. 3o3 
a wise man. oe?3 a stupid, 
senseless fellow. ^e^$ to 
learn wisdom, take counsel. 
3rfr^ to advise, admonish. 
_ ei^FcO to grow wise, learn 

20o$>a bunadi, s. A foundation. 
2. origin, cause. ;a?3o$ to 
dig a foundation. 5^$ to 
build a foundation. 33 
to lay a foundation. 

20o>a bunipu, see 

200 j3o bunu, see 

burn, burane, buru, buruburu, 

J 2005;. 

buruji, see 
buruju, ^ 
20odod burude, J. A bottle, made 
of the shell of a cocoanut, 
gourd, etc. 2. the skull. 3. 
an inkstand. 4. a snuff-box. 
--dSjD^s lit. to behead; to 
cut off; to revenge. 
burude, see sDocSr. 
burusu, s. A brush. 
200 i5 e: 5 burelu, $<? 8^3^- 
2000^, 20od^, 20odo, burru, burra- 
ne, burru, s. The noise of a 
bird's wings in flying, etc. 
20o : s s r, 2oo : s ! jr burku, burku, s. 
Sipping noise. 2. the noise 
of breaking wind downwards. 



zoos? bule 

~oSe)F;3) burkavuni, sec 

- burji, s. Confusion. w 
*-$ to be confused. 
WjfcOF, ujzkF burju, burdu, s. 
A stone-dam; bastion. 
burtavuni, see 

burde, J. Mud, mire. 

burnasu, a^'. Tasteless, 
insipid. 2. decayed, spoiled. 
3. useless, worthless. esa 
decayed <?? worthless rice. 

a worthless man. 
uuruusu, .y. A kind of 

jdJF, ecodvOF burma, burmu, s. 
A gimlet. 
bursu, -s 
bulaku, j 

bulakuni, see tf 
bulara, adj. White, striped 
with black. 

6 bulare, bulare, s. 
An ox striped white and 

20J22em s bulaky, J. A jewel, 
worn by females between their ' 

^ bulavuni, c. v. (of ecu 
ew$) To open wide, as the 

bulipuni, ^^ eoo^. 
buluni, 7;. . To be open. 
bul^, adj. Fermenting. 2. 

bulekali, ^. Sour toddy. 
I buleti, ^t 

bulepini, see 

^^a s 3i^, bulpakki, 
bulbulpakki, ^. A kind of 

bulpuni, see aso^S). 

?> bullavuni, c. V. (of a^ 

To enlarge a sore, ^/t. 
2. to split, make a crack. 

liulluni C 8 ^^.), '' w - A 
sore <?/ wound to enlarge. 
2. to crack, slit. 
^3 buvana, see $s3. 

o, 2Jj?oJtoj?jj, 200^0, busu, 


busubusu, bussu, s. Gasping, 
panting. 2. hissing. adj. 
Sullen. Aouo^a to hiss. ^e 
?8 ax3sjj20o^ efts the face to 
look sullen. 

bussu, J. Hissing; the 


noise of pouring water irom 
a water-lift; 

bulambu, ^^ ^^,- 
bulaku, s. Brightness, 

bulu, see ax>^. 
buluni, see sootfLa. 2. w* 

bule, ^. Standing, grow- 
ing corn, a crop. 3 
reaping of a crop. 
the present of a small quan- 
tity of new corn, etc., made 
by a tenant to his landlord 
during the harvest season. 
sS6 the harvest time. &a 
reap corn. 

zoo ? bule 



* bulecelu, 
buleti, (/r. 
Full grown, ripe; cf. 
tfnrajj?}, ^o<$33)do> bulepavu- 
ni, bulepuduni, c.-v. (of soos? 
^s>) To make grow, rear, raise, 
as a crop, etc. 

sji bulepini, bulepuni, buleyu- 
ni, bulevuni (awtf), p. . To 
grow, ripen, be ripe. 
bulka, $ eootft. 
a*, toa^_c3 s bulkad^, bul- 
d^, s. Crying passionately; 
bawling. 2. clearness, adj. 
Open, public. 

bulkaduni (^o^B), y. . 
o cry, as from fear o^ being 
possessed of a demon. 

bulpu, ^. A cry, lamen- 


tation. 2. the noise of any 
animal or bird. 3. clamour. 

bulpuni (a^f), y. . To 
cry aloud, shout, exclaim. 

bulluni, J^ 

bu, ^^<? ?? 

bundu, see 
buku, ^- A book. 
toJ5^o buci, bucu, s. A 
cork, stopper. 

-), 20J3tdO buci, bucu, 
buju, s. Mould, mildew. 
iayort, 2oJ5eJ^^f3 butanga, bu- 
takatana, see eojs^. 

butavuni, c. v. (of sojs 
To make pay or retri- 
bute, to avenge, revenge. 

buti, butu, s. 
Empty boast, brag. 7&6, 
a boasting man. z& 
to boast, brag, 
butuni (axeG), v. a. To 
repay, give in return, avenge. 
2. to boast, brag. 
ZOJStio budu, s. A manor-house, 
mansion, residence of ahead- 
man. treoSo the squire of 
a manor-house. 

zoJSra buna, ^. A wedge, peg. 2. a 
short stick driven into a jack- 
fruit to ripen it soon. e3,afeix>, 

to drive in a stick. 
bunu, s. The coffee berry, 
buta, see 

butayi, ^. Sardines, 
ti 5^ the refuse of sardine 

budi, s. Ashes. 

!, EOJSCJO budinga, budu, 
adj. Ash-coloured. 

buna, see eijsro. 2. ^e sojsroo. 

33 ;<!? bupali, J. A king. -^? 
A the kings'-evil. 
bubi, see 
bumi, see 
CJ3D^lJ burata, J. Falling, crum- 
bling; delapidation. 
oJ3DDS^?j buravuni, c. v. (of "&& 
"dtfy To cause to fall, to fell. 
2. to conquer. 

"buri, s. An assemblage, 
congregation of people. ^ 
4 a curry intended for a 




grand entertainment. 3%^ 
a gift of money to a large 
number of mendicants. 35^ 

burigu, see soatfoX. 
SOr^ burige, s. A kind of sweet- 

buru, s. A creeper, 
ing shrub. ^33 tbe 
part of the ear. 



- } see 

buruga, s. The tree 
Eriodendrum anfractuosum; 
also tSjsedrf s5jrf; /". em 

buruduni, see 

buruni (aijaS), v.n. To 
fall. 2. to be caught in a 
snare. 3. to be overthrown, 
defeated. 4. to die. e5T ^ 1 
to fall down, prostrate, sa- 
lute. ^OOC'&D to fall on the 
knees, ri^o to suit, agree; 
to consent. 

sdd burele, s. A weak-legged 

burduni (eojsSr), r. a. 
To spread evenly, as grain 
for drying, or earth to level 
the ground. 2. to level, 

burtavuni, see 

burte, see 


bulya, bulya (cor- 
rupt. of setfo), Betel leaves. 
2. sandal paste offered tof a 
demon and distributed to the 
people assembled. 
bushana, see 
bulu, ^ 

xSori 3 bruhaspati, s. The planet 
Jupiter. 2. the preceptor of 
the gods. 3. the name of a 
law-giver. sro-d Thursday. 

bengu, s. Malice, hatred, 
envy; revenge. 2. disparage- 
ment, detraction, censure. 
_ 20*00$ to revenge. 

beriga, s. The red sandal- 
wood Pterocarpus santa- 
linus. r). 

o^i bengaruduni, sec tScXo 

23 o rid, cfoj bengare, bengre, s. 
Bank, shore, margin. es^_ 
a shore resorted to by smug- 

e3orf bengali, s. The dregs, 
refuse, lees. adj. Drunk, 
intoxicated. 2. capricious, 
whimsical. ^o^oSo a drunk- 
ard, sot. 

bengali, J. Boiled toddy. 
bengiri, j^ sScre. 

23or!o> benguni (3cK), r. . To 
repent, be sorry. 2. to feel 
pity, compassion, commisera- 
tion; also 3o*j?reor5, 

ji bengoditede, 
kind of fish. 




benria, see 

o'sr^ berijana, benriana, 
. Curds, curdled milk. 

oci> bendu, bendu, s. 
Pith, a light and spongy plant 
growing in water, Aeschyno- 
mene aspera, 2. thinness, 
leanness, lightness, adj. Thin, 
light; emaciated. e?Ls> to 
become lean, thin, light, ema- 

bende, s. The esculent okra 
Abelmoschus esculentus. ^roS 
Hibiscus abelmoschus. TO 020 
its fruit. 

oci^ bendekku, j. The tree Za- 

" . 
gerstrcemia microcarpa. 

oclJ3S bendoli, J. The bush 

Physalis indica. 

oetJ3523 bendole, s. A hollow 

kind of gold ear-ornament. 

orl benne, s. Butter. 

osD* bentaru, ^^ d?oa5. 

ol bente, J. A class of Pariahs. 

oJo s benteru, s. High water 


c3*D ff , 23oao*, t3o?iD ? bendu- 

r^, bendiru, benniru, s. Hot 

water. 2. a tepid bath. 3. a 

bathroom ; also tUo. 3o<! 

=33 to bathe in hot water. 

, e3o?S benni, benne, s. Land 
under cultivation. 2. agricul- 
ture. Xozf <3, era o3o a culti- 
vator, farmer. 2c^s>, -do 
tf^5> to cultivate; to rent a 
land for cultivation. 
to finish cultivation. 

bembala, s. Recommenda- 
tion, help, patronage. 

, ^o3oo* bemme, bemmeru, 
see sS^or. 

23 3-, bekka, see rf*,. 

e3^,ro* bekkasu, j. Surprise, 
wonder. 2. nausea, disgust. 
;Pe>$ to be disgusted; to 
be astonished. 

zS^o^ bekkasuni (^oJ), v. n. 
To wonder, be surprised. 
2. to faint, be tired. 3. to feel 

23rido> begaduni (*3X5), -o. n. To 
be alarmed, bewildered, 
begade, see eSeXiS. 
begapu, ^ 23X5. 

3rttfo5) begapuni, bega- 
runi (3X, 3X6), ^. TZ. To per- 
spire, sweat. 

begaru, ^. Perspiration, 
sweat. ^w^s, eSesiss), _ a?o 
wo^ to perspire. 
z^ becca, s. Heat, warmth. 


adj. Hot, warm. *fo. Hotly, 
warmly. e5 hot water. 

erd^a to cool. ^jsbr^, _-rfo 
tf^fc to warm, heat, make hot; 
to beat, flog. 

2^^ beccana, s. Warmth. 2. 

evening meal; cf. ^o^sp^. rf 

i^ a warm habitation. 
z3?3 beccane, adv. Hotly, 

z 53 ff beccelu. see && . 


bejantu, s. A dried cake 
of cow-dung, used as fuel. 



233 bera 

bejakire, bejakre, 
s. Dried leaves, used as fuel. 
bejar^, see dea^S. 
bettuni (u 9 !^), r. a. To 
cut, circumcise. 
bette, ^//'. Middling. -tt 
a timid or weak man. 

23^n* bedaiigu, bedagu, 
s. Surprise, wonder. 2. see 

bedaguni (33K) p. . To 
wonder, be surprised. 2. to 

bedage, s. A charming 

bedi, s. A gun. -ew^ 
saltpetre. ^Sr gunpowder. 

^o to fire a gun. 

S^ci bedebede, s. The sound 

of a broken vessel. 

benne, 5^ 3& 

bettu, 019; However, but. 

2. afterwards. iro^S what 
then? what news? 
betta, s. A rattan, stick, 
cane. - 3*3^ a rattan basket. 
, 22 ij^cso^ bettuni, betto- 
nuni, see zS^S- 

e3uijo5) bed^pu, bedupu, 
j. Erysipelas, an inflamma- 
tory eruption. 

bectyrv, s - ^ bamboo. 

a kind of grass. 
bedanke, see ^do^. 

eidO^ bedarjj, bedanke, 
s. A start, fright, fear, alarm. 

bedaruni (^5), z/. . To 

be alarmed. 
zSaodoo^ bediyuni ( Q ^S), ^. n. To 

be surprised. 
^3c3 bede, s. Surprise, aston- 

ishment, miracle, dec?? fear. 

-L, _*u^, -sJ^ft to be 

surprised, astonished. 

benake, J. Ganesa. 2. the 

name of a man; 




labour, work. 2. to cultivate. 
doS S^si to support one's 
self by labour. 

^ beppu, s. Moderate heat, 
lukewarmness. 2. feverish- 
ness. adj. Lukewarm. 2. 
feverish. ^Sbrs), ^otfo^ to 

beppuni (3), "'. . To stab. 

beppe, j^ >3y 

bebbe, ^. Inarticulateness, 
speaking in broken, indis- 
tinct accents. 

bemaru, see 3X5. 
i beyipini, j^ 3eb. 

beyipelu, s. Boiling. 
adj. Boiled. 

beranka, s. Cleft, chink. 

berankannu, berankan- 
ni, berakanni, berakanu, ^. 
Cracks on the sole of a foot. 

dotfa* berankallu, s. The back- 





berangade, adv. Late, 
dorfc&o berangayi, adv. Finally. 

dokf, sSdos* berantu, berantu, 
see 33or, gfJj^So. 2: ^e epsjo. 
beraka, see sStfK. 

berake, s. A mixture, com- 
pound. ^0^3 to mix. 
dr^beragu, .y. Wonder, amaze- 
ment. ?bs> to be amazed, 
beraguni (^^), ^. . To 
be amazed, astonished, 
berane, -y. A Brahman, 
berame, d3or, ^j^o. 

beravuni, ^. n. To be 
mixed, mingled. 
r;* berasu, J. An admixture. 

berasuni (3^cJ), v.a. To 
mix, mingle. 

o beri, J. The back, -rfo&s^ 
the lap, a pouch formed on the 
back by the folds of a gar- 
ment. $e5 very loose bowels. 
-rfoo^ the backbone. 
3<5 hump-backed. 
,y#2 s38rfsodo. -^TJ^Si to follow, 
pursue. -3^>?i>$ to turn back ; 
to flee, run away; to back- 
slide. -B e> _o3j e closely, at 
the heels, just behind. o3o 
eotbFs to follow closely. 
3o^-3* berinkallu, s. The back- 

D^DCdo berisaya, s. Support, 
aid, patronage, strength. 
do beru, s. A marten- 

beresuni, see 

berelu, j 
berke, see t3^. 2. 

roots of a cocoanut 

r^, tS^r^, ^33^F bertadi, 
bertali, bertili, adv. Closely 

^I berpuni, see e3s^^. 
berpuri, s. A borer. 

bermara, s. The fulcrum 
of a country water-lift. 
bermasthana, see 

berme, see ^j^o. z>3 by 
thee (I swear). ?>, zSs^ 
to be amazed, astonished; 
to feel giddy. 

eS^oFo^ berme, bermeru, 
see vy 5 ^- ^oF75Xoa the de- 

mon's shrine. ddorste 3 a 

place haunted by <?r sacred 
to it. 

3oF3 bermeti, s. Trouble, 
annoyance, pain, -cask -what 
a wonder! 

lu, s. A beam resting on the 


e3 bele, see && 

ocI belcade, s. A devil-dancer; 

one possessed with Kali. 

o bella, s. Jaggory. e- 

90 -11 

jaggory in tablets, sugarcane- 

jaggory. aa^- palmyra jag- 

gory. rf ^A rf ^^^ syrup 

^?r boiled juice of sugarcane, 


e^siJ bellapatre, j 




bellamullu, s. A kind 
of tree. 

< bellolli, s. A tender leaf 


of a palmyra. 2. 
tfrfSr bevarsi, sec 
eSzda"' besaru, j^ ^5. 
r J:^^r, t3^3g), 3^^) besarpu, 

besrapu, besrupu, sec sSSeg. 
ci-.ri besige, s. Soldering gold 

<?r other metal. rf A a 

soldered ornament. sroti>$ 

to solder. 
:::c&j, e2?3o&o besiyuni, be- 

seyuni (3?j), t'. w. To get 

hot. ^-fig- to be angry or 


^ bessuni, see &.$. 

rv v ?J 

belakara, ^. Borax, 
belagu, s. Brightness, 

belagavuni, c. v. (of 3 
To make shine; to 
3tfrt>> belaguni (^^), r.w. To 

shine, glitter. 

~5 ^>6, pref. Without, dis-. - 
eooTJo, cdoeojrfo disrespect, dis- 
honour, etc. 
^o^ bsnke, ^. Heat, sultriness. 

e?Ls>to become sultry. 
^ort5 bengare, ^w e?oX^. 

b3ima, s. The tree Plero- 
carpus tantalinus. 
?o?c benci, ^. A bench, 
bente, see d^ec&S. 

?o3D* bentaru, J. Change of 
smell or taste. 0</. Unsa- 

voury. -dijsD a bad smell, 
offensive smell of the body. 
e&sS ^r^, ^r^a' bskilu, 
bskile, bcilu, s. The upper 
part of a roof. ss^ the 
loft of a bath-room, used 
as a granary. -'sUw^ a bath- 
room with such a granary. 
83^ seed stored in such a 

^SJJ^ bekhubu, adj. Stupid, 
senseless. t2?soj?d a stupid 

?T\ bega, adv. Speedily, quick- 
ly, soon. s. see 3eX. 
rtzS begade, s. Tinsel, brass 
leaf or foil. 

^rraD begari, s. Compulsory 

^o becu, becu, ^^ ^?oJ- 
bscilu, s. A kind of 

beja, ^//'. Improper, in- 
consistent, unsuitable, bad. 
an improper act. 
bejaru, ^. Weariness, 
fatigue. 2. disgust, offence, 
vexation, annoyance. 

bejni, see tSoX. 

eJ beti, ^^ ?e^'- 2. ^^ 3jaeo&5. 
bedave, s. A fowler. 2. a 
poor man, beggar. 

bedi, s. Fetters, chains, 
hand-cuffs. srfo$ to fetter. 
z3e^^ beduni (^?5), p. <7. To beg, 
ask, beseech, entreat. 

b3de, s. The keystone of an 
arch. 2. abounding in thorns. 




full of thorns. sss 
to fix the keystone; to 
finish a work. 

D < s* r betalu, betalu, 
'. Naked, s. Nakedness. 

betale, *. A demon sup- 
posed to haunt dead bodies 
and cemeteries. 
1 bete, adj. Separate, differ- 
ent, distinct, other. -&$> 
to become separated. 3o 
to separate; to change. 
bsdu, s. Secret information. 
T^xS, crooSo a spy. ^JZ^FS 
to give secret information. 
-R^s to spy, pry. >$^s> to 
know a secret. 
23eu>, deri bedu, beda, ^ ??=* 

bedabu, bedabu, 
s. Disrespect, incivility, in- 
sult. sfcf^S sraitfos to speak 
rudely, or insultingly. 

e2^cJ3c$ bedana, s. A kind of 
medicinal seed. 

23 ^ a bedi, see ??. 

bedige, J^ ^B^- 
), 2o^ckv> beduni, bedyuni 
(3?5), v. a. To leaven dough 
with toddy. 2. to listen, give 
ear. ^o5r_ to apply a medi- 

c3js$ri bsdolige, s. Cultivated 
land, fertile land. 
d> bede, see tf& 

bene, s. Ache, pain. ^^5 
headache, ^^o^owo^ severe 
pain. 20C35 the colic. > 
^rs> to have labour pains. 

bepara, see zn^, s^^-d. 

bepavuni, c. v. (of ^ 
fc?, t3es8$>) To boil, seethe, 
cook. 2. to cause to thatch, 
get thatched, as a roof. 
&$ bepini (3e), v.a.&n. To 
boil; to be boiled, seethed, 

, J. Lurking, spying. 
2. a kind of angling. 
^ bepuni (e3e), T-. . To lurk, 
watch, spy; to betray. 

bepuni (3e), &. a. To 
thatch the roof of a house, 

200(3* bebandu, adj. Unsettled, 
without order. 2. negligent, 

odj2oodo beyaburu, s. Disres- 
pect, dishonor, insult. 

beyipini, see tf&s. 

beyuni (3e), ^. . To 
boil, seethe, be cooked, baked, 
beru, s. A root. 2. origin, 
cause. 33QSO a root-stalk. 
^i a kind of citron, used in 
medicine. erwdos, e3?^jsTJo^ to 
take root, be fixed. =#J&FS 
to aid, help; to incite, insti- 

bera, see assort. 

beravuni, <:. r. (<y s5?^o 
?>) To lift up the hand for 
striking. 2. to beck, make a 
sign with the hand. 3. to 
row a boat, 
beri, see $?&. 





beruni (?5), i ] . n. To be 
waved, lifted up, as the hand. 
z p . a. To lift up, as the hand. 
, $^_ to trim a light. 
^ to throw or pile up 
earth. cS_, 4s??i- to row 
a boat. 

berengetti, .?. A large 
kind of lobster. 
ed^, z3?d^ bereji, beroji, ^. 
Land-revenue. 2. amount of 

bsredamara, s. The 
croton tree. Croton tigli- 

bsrpuri, see sS^s. 

ioo$ belayudha, s. A lance, 

c2?> beli, ^. A hedge, fence. 
i 3j3c a post or pole of a 

bele, 3 1 . Work, labour; cf. 
'-. _ cscSo a workman. 3 
c^$ to work. 

^?^3s)S^ bevarisi, <^'. Unclaim- 
ed, without a claimant. sfcs 
unclaimed property. 

bevu, s. The Neem or 
margosa tree; also 

bevuni, 5 

o bevuru, s. A foreign 
$& beau, ^. ^?!3. 

b3sa, s. The second Tuhi 
month. -2 ia the first rain. 
*3 hot weather. 

^ besala, s. The hot season. 
z3?3^ besya, besha, see t5e^. 
b " besu, adj. Good, proper, 
well; excellent, agreeable. 
besappu, w 3?r. 


nSo 5 besaru,^. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, vexation, disgust, a^/'. 
Fatigued, weary. tf^cS to 
get tired, be weary. t2^s> 
to rest. 

r7SOJo besaya, s. Cultivation, 
agriculture, farming; <5<?/. ~3>g3> 


besurpu, see 5S^. 
J?c^), besoppu, s. The curry 
leaf Bergera k&nigii; cf. 

bele, s. Split pulse. 2. one- 
eighth of a rupee. 3. a liquid 
measure of about six seers. 

bei, s. Straw. 3 ^s a stack. 

2. J^ srooso. _rf^r^> to thrash. 
beinku, ^/'. Dull. 

o)rl, 2^0200 beimbige, beimbu, 
5. Areindear; a boar. 2. see 

beiku, s. Delay, stay. ai//'. 
Soft, delicate, adv. (abbrcv. 
of aoodooK) In the evening. 

beikaddi, s. A female 
demon so called. 

beikatte, s. A sickle. 

beikalty (ecroo&3d^^), j.. 
The stone or stones at the 
mouth of a well. 



2 x ^ beike, j 

2rfo* beicera, J. A Malabar 

beitu, s. Stay, sitting. 

to cause' to sit. 
beitadu, s. A flail, thrash- 
ing stick. 

Sv^eJO^beitabaru, s. An inferior 
kind of paddy, obtained by 
beating straw. 

beitari, s. A very inferior 
kind of rice. 

^s3 beitale, .s. Vortex, top, 

beidande, s. A beam put 
across the mouth of a well 
to stand upon when drawing 

beidurli, see etSeor. 

xz3 beide, .y. A toddy-drawer; 

fern. tf^a. 

jc3ex>F, &c3tfoF beiderlu, bei- 
derlu, s. The demons Koti and 
Cennaya, said to have been 
the sons of a Billavar father 
by a Brahman wife. 

beidva > see ^& 

, 2^^ beina, beini, s. The 
bastard sago palm, Caryota 

SeJS? beinali, ^. A demon so 


3J beipa, s. Obliquity, slope. 

adj. Oblique, sloping. 

3Jrf beipane, s. A manger. 

&$, ^^ beipini, beipuni (^), 

p. . To chip or pare ob- 

liquely. 2. to cut, reap. 3. 

see E2?bs>. 4. .? sf(odoos). 

^door(, s3)rfoo^ beimuga, beimu- 
ge, .9. Shyness; shying. 

^^rt beimruga, s. A lair. 

3iOuO, :~>cd>p beiya, beiyya, ^. 
Evening. A, _ dX in the 
the four- 


o'clock flower, Mirabilis ja- 


pjoo^ beiyuni (^), P. . To 

perch, roost. 

o3o beiyeli, J. Riding. 2. 

skipping, romping, as boys. 

beiranga, see eoco^oX. 

2^d4, ^0^ beiraye, bei- 
ravu, beirige, s. An instru- 
ment for boring; cf. soo^or. 
beirave, w^ c ^^- 

beiragi, s. An ascetic, 

as>rj* beirasu, ^. An upper or 
over cloth, a bath-towel. 
beiri, ^. A kind of kite. 
6 beire, s. A man belonging 
to a class of Pariahs. 
& beilu, s. A fertile kind of 
rice-field, situated in a low 
land which can be easily irri- 
gated. adj. Public. e?^^ 
to become public. 

beilakare, beilare, beilaru, bei- 
lare, J. A low land near 
the seashore. 

beilmana, see &>z>&>- 

:':.- z3 bonka 

~j bomme 

~ bonka, aJj. Big, large. 
-^ a large swelling: also 
R&z&> S^y 1^ a large 
cocoanut shell. 

s'Sc&o^ bonkaliyuni, sec 

sSJSo^o bonku, adj. Hollow, void, 

sSj^o^o^i bonkuni (slsc^F), r. #. 
To deny. 

v3j3o^e;o> bonkeluni (So^), 
^. w. To swell. 

zSjSorf, wJSorio bongu, bongu, ^. 
The inner part of the tender 
shoot of a cocoanut. _'. \\ 
distended navel. 3. a protu- 
berance on any part of the 
body. 4. a large flower- 

bongude, see 2 

bonguni (elecK), r r . . 
To be distended, protuberate ; 
also d^o7\o^j$5(B?S;s>. 

JSo3i bonda, s. A tender cocoa- 
nut. *ccro*?_ a red kind of 
the same. 

bondala, see &CT%&>. 
bondi, see tSjsa. 

^j bondu, J. Marrow. 2. 
the brain. 3. pith. woo^os 
to be stunned. e?Ls> to be 
emaciated, decayed, become 

&ozSJ8> bondoli, s. Physalis 
I n die a. 

X bondolu, J. A kind of 
medicinal plant. 

bonneyi, (cor nip. of 


?P bonnya, ^. Ashes. 
it? bontelu, ^. The seventh 
Tulu month; the sign Libra. 
23J3ocr', ^JSc^o bond\j, bondu, ^. 


22JSorf, t3JSodc bonda,-bondya,^. A 
tender branch of a palmyra. 
::J?c^, z3J3o:3c3 bonde, bondena, 
s. A kind of sardine. 

bompiri, sec &fjsc20o5. 
/'. White. 

& bombadotte, (corntp. 
of eS^crfsJ zSBj) j. A tender 
cocoanut which has been 
emptied of its contents. -^^ 
^s> to throw it out; to 
smash, as one's head, aous. 
bombayi, s. Bombay, 
bombu, ^. A large cocoa- 
nut shell. 2. see d^?oeoo. 
SoWoS bomburi, s. A small 
kind of oyster. 

J3o2oo bombuli, s. A kind of 
fish, called '-Bombay-duck." 

bombuli, J. A mob. 
bombe, s. A puppet, doll. 
2. an image, idol. 3. a silver 
coin. -?u a puppet show. 
?i bommana, see aoc^j^. 

bommarutaye, s. 
A demon so called. 
s3j3oj bommi, s. A stupid 

;^jjj bommu, ^^ d^eoeoo. 
-^j bomme, s. A simpleton. 




bormbu, see t3jsrfoo2ol3 . 

bokka, 0/. And, but. 


(2^'. Subsequent. <^z ( . After- 
wards, then, even. ' w again, 
again and again. 3 eydae 
e*^ an after thought. 

3 bokkana, .y. A bag, poc- 

bokkasa, s. A large bag. 


2. a kind of portmanteau. 

3. treasure, treasury. 

>&, e3JS^, bokki, bokke, s. 

"o" "d" 

An itch, pustule, pimple. 

US bokkele, s. A provoker. 


bokkonji, pron., adj. 
j?,Q bokkori, pron., adj. 



bo^ari, J. A spinning top. 
2. .? djs^jaS. adj. see ?2&?7\'6. 
bogalata, see eoXs^y. 

bogari, ^. A copper- 

3rU3S bogori, s. The jujube 
tree, Ziziphus zujuba. 

sriJSO^js^ bogorimlnu, J. A 

kind of fish. 

5A boggi, s. A bitch. 

orio O, ^3J^?1J $, ^jsrto ft bog- 

f\ f\ ' A %* 

guli, bogguli, boggulli, ^. The 
Indian squill, Scilla Indica. 

bogre, s. A dog. 

bojja, s. A funeral cere- 
mony or feast, funeral obse- 

botta, J. A spot, mark. 
2. a drop. sro^os to put a 
mark on the forehead. 
JS^ja,^ bottana, adv. Exces- 
sively, exceedingly. tSjsa 
odoos), djsa^e?:^ to be very 
much exhausted. 

bottavuni, c. v. (of 

To make beat, as a 
drum. 2. to cause to hammer, 
as metal. 3. to cause to 
knock, as a door. 

bottikanda, see 


bottu, s. see 
High, lofty. 2. dry, as land. 
_^crf a high land, dry field. 
3T3$?5- such a rice-field irri- 
gated by a reservoir situated 
on a hill, essre a rice-field 
depending solely on rain 
water for its irrigation. 

5yo,a bottuni (&S ) v. a. To 

eo \ w 

beat, as a drum. 2. to 

hammer, as metal. 3. to 
knock, as a door. 

bottele, s. A drummer. 
boda, see eotl 
bodi, s. Satiety, surfeit, 
loathing, disgust. 2. back- 
wardness. 3. exhaustion, 
tiredness, fatigue. 

bodipavuni, c. v. (of 
To satiate, cloy, 
surfeit. 2. to exhaust, tire. 
Q30uJo> bodiyuni (tfjaa), z<. n. 
To be satiated, cloyed, sur- 
feited. 2. to be tired, done up. 




bodu, a 
.3 bodedi, j. A wife. 
. bodji, d. i\ (neg. o 

Must not, should not, do not. 
bodde, s. A stout man. 


2. a simpleton. 

bonya, we 5jaoreg. 

bodumbattu, adj. 
Stout, corpulent, unwieldy. 
bodumbe, s. A corpu- 
lent man. 

&z3J3Wj boduluni, 
bodoluni (3>&><5, Sjad),t'. //. 
To soak, steep. 
>& bonu, . Encompassing, 
enclosure. *o srortifc to en- 

bopparu, see >~^5- 
3J^^3 boppu, boppe, see 

, 20 33y 

bopponi, j 1 . A small 
kind of crab. 

j, bobbata, s. A loud 
. . 

noise of quarrelling, weeping, 

or lamentation; a shout. 
N bobbuli, s. A bubble. 
bobbursi, s. A cook. 
fL bobbe, s. Crying, weep- 
ing ; cf. tSjaa^w. s^rfoa to 
cry out. 
83&o&r3 bommana, see aicrfo?i. 

a :oo borambu, J. A small 
kind of mat. 

23>>0oj boripini (tf^a), i<. a. To 

. boriyuni (tf^a), 

To yield milk. r. or. To 
pillage, plunder, rob. 
, 5-. Brag, boast. 

e, bor- 

a braggart. 

borkallu, see 

gude, -J 

32cor borcu, see 
bordu, see 

bolu, adj. White, bright. 
bolumbu, ^^ dja^oosco. 
e3j3^o^oool)j?) bo- 
lankaruni, bolankuriyuni (e3ja 
^o^S, da^o^oS), T-. 72. To be 
intoxicated, fascinated ; to be 
lustful, proud. 
zSJSe;^ bolaku, see tSja^^. 

^o2o bolakuni (^a^), r 1 . ,'/. 
To weld, solder. 

d bolkara, adj. Whitish. 
bolkallu, see eXs^^,- 

^ojS bolkude, bol- 

"T /^ 

gude, j". A small umbrella, 
used in demon worship. 

bolcayi, adj. Pale, wan. 
bolci, adj. White. 2. sec 

bolcuni, sec 
bolcelu, j^ 
boldu, J^ sSjs^. 
3 bolyari, ^>. A kind of 


bolli, j. see &** adj. sec 




bolle, ^. A white kind of 
lice, found on clothes, 
bolu, see && 
rld bolungare, #<//. White, 
bolanku, J. Mire, mud. 
bolante, .$. Rice from 
paddy that has not been 
boiled; also *3j8S?cgp&. 

bolambu, see &&. 

bolaku, .y. The fat of 
fish; fish-tar. 

bolakaru, a^/'. Partially 
nearly ripe. 

bolakuni, ^ d^e^os. 

bolaccelu, .y. Shying. 
2. ripening. 3. paleness. 
zS bolajji, j^ tfjs*. 

bolapu, J. A mode of 
catching fish with a net 
fringed with palm leaves. 
3^3 to fish with such a 

>^o3o bolaye, s. lit, A white 
man. 2. an epithet used by 
Pariahs in addressing higher 
castes of people. 

bolasuni, see, eo<?do$. 
boliri.Jiru, s. A small, 
white kind of fish, called cara 
pao. 2. a kind of grass. 

boliru, s. A kind of bush. 
^ its leaves used in medi- 

$do) boliruni (e$AS), v. n. 
To become white or clear, 
bolisuni, ^^ &s9?3o$. 



,^. Alburnum, 
23jS<*o3k boluppu, s. White salt. 

&i3s&^c3 bolubene, s. Severe 

bolena, see 3^ v . 
bolepuni, see KJ$$&. 
boleruni (e5a*5), p. . 
To become pale, to fade. 

bolkallu, 5. White stone, 
quartz. 2. marble, alabaster. 
bolkiru, s. Clearing of 
the sky from clouds; a peep 
of the sun after shower. ^> 
orfoos to have sunshine after 
rainy weather. 

JS^OjdL f <&&^d bolkude, bol- 

^ A 

glide, see e&&ys. 

bolcavuni, c. v. (of 
To make shy. 
bolci, ^. Shyness, starting 


aside suddenly. 

<&> bolcuni (^^), t'.?z. To 

C*CT **^ 

shy, start aside suddenly, as 
an animal. 

bolcelu, ^ 

boljati, ^. High-caste 


people. 2. white people. 

bolji, ^. The middle layer 
of fibre of a cocoanut branch. 
boltu, adj. Sapless. rf 
a sapless tree or wood- 

boldu, s. Whiteness, 
brightness. 2. whites, adj. 
White, bright. -^U^ the 




white leprosy. _ sgpe&fc to 
suffer from whites. 

bolpu, j. Light, 2. a 
wick <>r candle. fy-s^^s, 
to kindle a light, /. 
bolya, adj. Light, white, 
clear. ^oso butter. 

bolyambige, j. Freces, 

bolja, s. Inundation, flood. 
bollakaru, see a 

bolladdi, /6 w. o 

^rt bollaramaniga, s. 
A kind of bird. 

&><6 bollare, <&'. White. 
v 4 bollalu, see we^f. 2. a 


bolli, J. A star. 2. silver. 

3. three annas. 4. a gray ox. 
_ .e)o silver thread 0r girdle. 

bollukallu, J^ t3j9 ^ ) - 
bollulli, J. Garlic. 

bolle, s. A white cock. 
v ' 
2. a gray t>r white ox or buf- 

falo. 3- a kind of medicinal 
plant, MnssirnJa frondosa. 

4. see 

bollentari, see 
-'oo bollenti, <z^'. White. 

bollena, s. A white sub- 
stance. aJj. Whitish. csoSo 
a fair man. 

-. bolleraduni (^^5), 
T'. n. To be heated to a white 

bolleri, s. A kind of 

bonka, adj. Large, great. 
3'^ a large cocoanut shell, 
bongu, sec tSjscK. 
' bonjiru, see sSja^csSS. 
nte, s. Hunting, chase, 
a hunter. arotf hunt- 
ing of wild beasts. ^ov^s 
to hunt. 

bontre, J. A head man- 

3, cJjs^ocS bondale, bonde, 
s. A stout, corpulent man. 

6 bombilu, s. A hollow. 

s> to become hollow. 

b5mbu, s. Afire-engine. 
2. a metallic instrument for 
tapping bales of rice, etc. 
boga, see s?-eX. 

bogare, adj. Not quite 
true, fictitious, unreal. ^oso^ 
unreal hardships. doso 3^5^ 
tfj$ to speak of hardships 
which are not fully true. 

bogare, s. A copper- 

I3^r> bogi, see $*>&. 
"<hcojo2i bogiyuni (&???>), :-. n. 
To be enjoyed. 
iS^rlor^ boguni, s. A small 

boja, ^. Excellence, great- 
ness, loftiness. 2. pride. 3. 
salutation, obeisance. 

bojana, sec $??! 
bote, sec ^?cB. 

b5du, </. T'., r. </;?/. To 
want, wish, desire. 2. to be 
requisite, necessary, must. 




COOT? I want. rooSoK why 
wanted ? sSjaesreS for the sake 
of, on account of, purposely ; 
obstinately. t&seaaoso need- 
ful, required. tSjaesro&srai, 
zroosoro sufficient, ample; 
cf. eSjaa. 


8?ci)83e>Qao bodubayi, s. A teeth- 

less mouth. 

fi)c3 boni, J. Handsel, the first 

money a trader receives or 

the first bargain he effects in 

the morning. o&tfo^a to take 


bonu, see eSjs^o. 

iri, botri, see 

bo da, see 

bodige, J. The capital 
of a pillar. 2. architrave. 
fc^dj bodu, J. The dung of an 
ox or buffalo; also 

bode, see e5 
2^ bodha, s. Intellect, un- 
derstanding. 2. awakening, 
arousing. ^^$ to swoon, 
be out of senses. eo>F$ to 
come to senses. 
3^^ bodhake, ^. A teacher, 

S?$c3 bodhane, s. Instruction, 
teaching, advice, persuasion, 
exhortation, incitement, in- 

iS^^), t3je>e?i) bodhipuni, 
bodhisuni (3et?, tS^e^fj) v. a. To 
instruct, teach, advise, ad- 


monish, incite, induce, ex- 

bodhe, see e3jae^. 

bonugiri, s. A variety 
in kangu cloth; cf. ssoF. 

bona, s. Food. 2. boiled 
rice and ashes mixed into a 
paste for applying to the left 
side of a finger-drum. 
boni, see 
bonu, see 

boyi, s. A class of fisher- 
men who are also palankin 

boru, see 
bora, ^^ 

borappa, ^'. All, fully. 
bori, ^. A bull or ox. 
boru, adj. Bald, bare, 
shaven ; uncovered. 7\o:S 
a barren hill. da^rf an 
empty bag. -rfootS a bald 

boruni (djsS), z'. a. To 
shave, shear, strip off. 33 
to shave the head. 3otf to 
strip the branches of a 

bore, s. The top of a 

^do^ boryuni (eSjaeS), v. a. 
To assault <?r butt, as an ox 
or wild beast. 

bordu, s. The side of 
a ship. 

3^F bornu, adj. Sluggish, 

?- borne 



^r borne, J. A sluggard, or 

J..r^ boryuni, see sfj??^s. 
>/. 0/~ &j5. 2. 

b51a, J 
^, 23js?s3 boli, bole, 

bovi, so,' t 
^ bovu, .s. The tree Vatico 
bardifera. & black kind 

of the same. tSjs^o a white 

kind of the same. 
z3j^v bola, s. Myrrh. 2. a 
kind of medicine composed of 
ghee, jaggory, cocoanut milk, 

?l> bolasuni, see iee^s>. 

2. ^^ dae^^S)- 

boli, ^. A widow whose 
head has been shorn. 
jS$?oj> bolisuni (-^s^oJ), v.a. 
To shave, shear, strip off; cf. 

bolu, adj. Bald, close 
shaven. 2. hornless, though 
of an age to have them. 
Sf^Oci boluni (^?f), r. . To 
become bald. 2. J^<2 s3^?-do^. 
bole, s. The seeds of a 
jack fruit. 2. a bald head. 
5cFid the eyeball. tfR> 
large eyes. ^eous^^ to re- 
move the seeds of a jack 
fruit; to put out the eyes. 

?} boleisuni (A*?<^), 
. To coax. 2. to strip: 

^^ooo^ bolkatymurici, s. 
A smooth species of pepper. 
l boune, see >3. 
boudhe, sec ^^~. 
bouru, s. The snarling of 
dogs and cats. 2. frowning, 

^dJS^^ bouruni, bou- 
rottuni (af^S, ed^^^), 7-. ;/. 
To snarl, as a dog or cat. 
2. to frown, threaten; cf. & 

boulane, ^. Speaking 

bouli, j^ Eja&e. 

zo 7 '^, e^?^o bousa, bousu, 
bousu, ^ 
boula, see 

byaburu, see E3? 

byara, ^. Trade. s 
to trade. 

O byari, s. A Mapla, a Ma- 
layalam speaking Mahoin- 

byaribittu, J-. The 
croton seed. 

o^ bramanda, J^ a^^c:-. 
brame, J^ ^j^- 
2^^ brashta, see ^j^- 
ij,3j brahma, s. The Divine Cause 

^ <2, 

<?r essence of the world, the 
unknown God. 2. sacred 
knowledge. ^ a religious 
student; a bachelor of the 


twice-born class. T& 3 the 
vital part in the head. 




20j3o,6 brahmare, s. A demon of 
the brahmanical class; also 

20)3^ Cx5^ ;6. 

20,3o,TU : ?)^ brahmasthana, s. A 

x *-x t3* CAJ 

shrine of the ' Brahmara 

2o,3oaorf brahmanda, s. The 
universe, adj. Very much, 

many, abundant, excessive, 


brandi, s. Brandy. 

brantu, branti, see 

brandi, s. A Brahman 


brane, s. A Brahman. 


bha, The thirty-seventh letter 
of the alphabet, 
rt bhanga, 5. Loss, injury. 
2. affliction, trouble. 3. defeat, 
disgrace, degradation. ^js^_ 
loss of reputation, disgrace, 
annoy, afflict. ^<3 
to be disgraced, molest- 
ed, troubled. 

bhangata, s. Affliction 
upon affliction, extreme dis- 

, $orrad bbangaru, bhan- 
gara, s. Gold. 

bhangi, s. Hemp, Cannabis 
saliva. [200^0. 

bhangitappalu, see 
bhanna, see ?oX. 

bharijane, s. Destruction. 
2. breaking, splitting. 

bhandu, s. Obscenity, rude- 

^bhanda, adj. Obscene, rude, 
filthy, impudent. &3 ob- 

bhandata, J. Obscenity, rude- 
ness, impudence. 
^o<3e>d bhandara, ^. A treasury; 


$oSe>Q bhandari, s. A treasurer. 
2. a family-title. 

bhandi, s. A cart. 2. a 
small car on which an idol is 

osl bhande. s. A rake, lewd 
man. 2. an indecent man. 
^ bhakti, s. Devotion, piety, 
zeal, worship, faith, godliness. 
an ungodly man. ^> 
to be devoted to ; to wor- 

. [man. 

, 5-. A pious or devout 

bhagandala, see >AC^. 

bhagavante, s. God, the 
Supreme Being. 
ri^3*r^! bhagavatuglte, s. A 
theosophical poem represent- 
ed as spoken by Krushna. 





bhagavati, s. A goddess. 
2. Parvati, etc. 

bhaglratha, adj. Of 0r 
pertaining to Bhagiratha. 

D3o3o an enterprising man. 

zJjaios^ great exertions like 
those of Bhagiratha. 

\?d$ bhagirathe, s. A king 
who is said to have, after 
great exertions brought the 
Ganges down from heaven. 

bhagtale, see w^rf. 
bhagna, adj. Broken, rup- 
tured. 2. overcome, defeated. 
bhajake, s. A devoted man. 
$ bhajane, s. Adoration, wor- 
ship, homage. 2. a singing 

cjiw bhajabhaja, w 
2^)^, !^z3^5^ bhajipuni, bhaji- 
suni (^sS), ^. a. To adore, 

v bhate, s. A hero, valiant 
3 bhatti, see 20^. 

bhatte, s. A priest. 2. a 

D' ^% bhatt 6, bhatya, s. Extra 
allowance, batta ; travelling 
allowance. ^k^a to pay 
extra allowance. a^ya to 
pay the same in kind. 

bhadra, s. Care, precaution. 
2. safety, security. <z^'. Care- 
ful, attentive. 2. safe, secure. 
3, : 5D < i? bhadrakali, s. A form 
of Kali. 

bhadramushti, s. The 
aromatic grass-root, Cypcrus 
hexastachyns, used in medi- 

)^ bhadrasana, s. A throne. 

bhadrike, see $3). 
bhaya, s. Fear, alarm, 
fright, timidity. 3oo a 
fearless man. $83 full of 
fear, alarmed, terrified. ~3 
4i to be afraid. 

^o bhayankara, ^^/'. Fright- 
ful, formidable, terrific. 
$d bhara, s. Swiftness, speed. 

?iti4 swiftness of walking. 
2;jdrs bharana, see $Br. 

bharani, ^. The second 
lunar mansion. 2. see aitfrS. 

bharata, ^^ $&r. 
dl bharate, ^. A younger 
brother of Rama. 2. a cele- 
brated dramatist. 3. the sou 
of Dusyauta by Sakuntala. 
ep-d^soo^ India proper. $tfa 
BS^, a standard work on 

dS^D^ bharapuru, adj. Full; 
brimful; crowded. 
dri?o bharavasa, s. Confidence, 
trust; assurance, 
to assure. a?L, -do^^ to 
trust, confide in. 

bharita, adj. Full, replete, 
3r bharke, see v>3r. 

^r, ^3r bharta, bharti, s. The 
high tide, flow. 




bharti, bharte, J. Ful- 

ness, completion, a^'. Full, 


<3 bhalle, ^. A spear. r- 
^S'rj bhavana, J. A house, dwell- 
$;j bhava, s. Mundane exis- 

tence. T3.a?A sickness of 

worldly pleasures. 
$33^3* bhavishyatu, s. Future, 

about to be. w& the future 

^j^i bhasma, s. Ashes. 2. calx. 

$ to be burnt to ashes ; 

to be digested, as food. 

s bhaksha, bhakshana, 

.s. Feeding, eating. 
35^, 2^ P bhaksha, bhakshya, 
Dressed food. 2. a cake. 

bhakshake, s. An eater. 


2. a glutton. 3 a cannibal. 
^5jsc?j_ a meat-eater. 



To eat, devour. 

a)o3s bhanda, s. Any earthen 

vessel. 2. a bundle, load. 

3. capital, principal. 

bhaga, s. Portion, share, 

part. 2. side, part. ^o^$ 

to divide, distribute. 

bhagavata, s. One of the 

2pe>rlsjJ bhagavate, s. A pious 

man. 2. the manager of a 

theatre. \arith. 

Epurra^c bhag-akara, s. Division, 

2p"3Ae)l, 2,Ti)7Tz)odo>B bhagate, bha- 
gayati, see 

gisuni (?fro^, sps^c3), v. a. To 
divide^ distribute. 
A^d^ bhaglrathi, ^. The 

bhagya, J. Riches, wealth. 
2. felicity; fortune. 3. bliss. 
_ 3o a rich man ; a blissful 
man. \arith. 

bhajaka, s. The divisor, 
bhajana, see aroa^. 

bhajya, s. The dividend, 

bhadrapada, s. The sixth 
lunar month. 

bhanu, ^. The sun. srotf 
Sunday. [ w if e . 

Oo^ bhamini, J. A virtuous 
bhara, s. A weight, load, 
burden. 2. charge, 072&J. 

3. oppression, heaviness, as 
in sickness. 4. importance, 
consequence. adj. Heavy. 
2. responsible. 3. oppressive. 

4. important, ^^.s govern- 
ment, administration. 

bharata, s. A great epic 
poem of the Hindus, treating 
of the adventures of the 
Pandus and Kurus, etc. 

bharati, s. Sarasvati, god- 
dess of speech. 
->0 bhari, adj. Important, seri- 
ous. 2. great, huge. s. see 
ecroa. tfti-djss a great man. 
sj bhava, s. The eighth year 
in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 
2. nature, condition of being, 




:D bhuta 

disposition. 3. meaning, pur- 
pose, intention, mind. 
bhavane, s. Mental per- 

bhavartha, s. Design, 
purport, intention. 

bhavi, ^. A well. 2. future. 
2^)^X0^ bhavipuni, 
bhavisuni (ep^ ejrosoj), v. a. 
To think, imagine, intend. 

bhave, s. A brother-inlaw. 

epu3S bhase, bhashe, s. 
Speech, language. 2. reproof, 
reprimand, -f^^ to reprove. 
eiLra to be able to speak. 
)3TOo^d bhashantara, J. A 
translation, interpretation. 
s to translate. 
bhashinga, see STO&CA. 
$ bhinna, adj. Split, broken, 
mutilated. 2. divided, dis- 
tinguished, other, different. 

bhikari, J.-A beggar. 2. 
a pauper, vagabond. 
bhiksha, J^ ?^- 

^seJ. tL^DL } fl bhikshata, bhi- 

u^\ ' ' CVA 

kshatane, s. Begging, asking. 
2. wandering in quest of cha- 

= bhikshe, s. Alms, charity. 
2. begging. ratf a beggar. 
-tfu^s to beg alms. 

bhikara, <//'. Terrible, 
fearful, formidable, frightful. 
bhlti, J. Fear. 

do bhlme, ^. The second of 
the Pfuidu princes. 

0^ bhukta, adj. Eaten. 
taking only one meal a day. 
bhukti, s. Eating. 2. food, 
a meal. [Ashes. 

c^or^ bhukti, bhugti, J. 
otd bhuja, <y. The arm. so<y 

o&ori bhujanga, ^. A serpent. 
2. a libertine. 

)3^) bhujipuni, see ^|^4- 
odfj bhuvana, s. The world. 
j?do bhussu, s. The hissing of 
a serpent. 2. panting. 
J3 bhu, s. The earth. ^oz;, 
^c^ an earthquake. ^a?*, 
_-doc3e> the earth, terrestrial 
globe. ^ a worm. -^ a 
map. -a. 3j33. sS a king, 
bhuta, j 1 . A goblin, ghost. 
2. matter of fact, what has 
really been. adj. Been, be- 
come. 2. gone, past, -^cfi, 
TO5. ^, 2:^ medicinal 
plants so called respectively. 
-53<y the past tense. 
?^>^o a devil dancer. 
a malignant abscess, 

gi bhutala, J. The surface of 
the earth. 

Cjjj;3j)^33)ozl bhutalapande, ^. 
The promulgator of the law 
of nepotism or inheritance 
of a person's property by his 
sister's children, apjss^tfs^oa 
^Oj the law of nepotism. 

:;^ z^ bhutaii, sec w3. 2. a 
species of aloe. 




J30o bhumi, s. The earth or 
world. 2. land, soil, ground. 
3. a place, site. 4. landed 

bhuvana, see'$v3. 
bhushana, s. Ornament, 
embellishment. 2. a trinket 
or jewel. 3. flattery, praise, 

j, ^ bhrutte, bhrutye, s. 
A hired servant. 2. a depend- 
ant or adherent. 
j bheti, s. A visit, audience. 
to give an audience. 
to visit. 
Co* bhedu, see e2?S. 

bheda, ^. Distinction, dif- 
ference. 2. disunion, discord, 
strife. 3o#o^s> to make dis- 
tinctions. [gative. 

bhedi, ^. Purging; a pur- 

^jj^ bhedisuni ($e&!3), f. . 
To separate, disunite, tear, 

bheri, J. A large drum; a 

Cd bheirave, ^. Siva. 2. an 
inferior manifestation of him. 
bhoga, j. Enjoyment, 

^JS(?r\ bhogi, j 1 . A person brought 
up in luxury or enjoying it. 

To enjoy, especially any carnal 
or sensual pleasure. 

bhogya, s. Enjoyment, 
usufruct. 2. a crop. sjLaerao 

a, ^ja?7^)oa ^4 a mortgage 
by which the interest of 
money lent on a house, 
land, etc., is regarded as an 
equivalent for the use; a 
usufructuary mortgage. 
3fcc3 bhojana, s. Food. 2. a 
repast, meal, eating. v a^3 
a dining hall. OD^_ the 
Lord's Supper. 
^kra, $,s3orf bhramana, bhra- 
mane, s. Whirling, wandering. 
2. perplexity, confusion. 

}>, 2^Oo?io^ bhramipuni, 
bhramisuni (^-so, ^j^cJ), v.a. 
To confuse, perplex. #. n. 
To err, think erroneously. 
s3o bhrame, ^. Whirling, going 
round. 2. error, ignorance, 
mistake, misapprehension, il- 
lusion. 3. confusion, perplexity 
of mind, giddiness. 4. a tem- 
porary aberration of reason, 
delirium. 5. astonishment, 
surprise. 1:^ a bilious 
complaint. e?L?> to be con- 
fused; to be astonished. 

bhrashta, adj. Fallen, de- 
praved, defiled. e?L^ to be 
depraved, defiled. 
^L bh.rasb.te, s. A depraved 
or corrupt man. ^o^ an 

oS*, ^c3 bhrantu, bhranti, 
^.Delusion, mistake, blunder. 
2. delirium. 
,oJ bhrante, s. An idiot, fool. 



: :: manna 


) ma, The thirty-eighth letter 

of the alphabet. 

^'"ci mankudi, ^. A wooden 

peg in a wall to support a 

roof, or a plank serving as a 


manka, manku, s. 
Dulness, stupidity. z5o^r 
half mad, foppish. 

manga, J. A monkey, adj. 
Apish, foolish, senseless. sSe 
MJ the pranks of a monkey. 
_ scos silliness. 
Gril?" mangatu, s. Coaxing, 
wheedling, cajolery, 
orfkras^ mangatavuni (^>cX 
fas), t p . a. To coax, cajole, 
hoax, wheedle, deceive. 

, d-crt^ mangane, manga- 
ne, s. Ajffectation, coquetry, 

^ mangala, manga- 
la, J. Happiness, auspicious- 
ness, good fortune. 2. see 
si>=A<. adj. Happy, auspi- 
cious, fortunate, prosperous. 
ssoior an auspicious cere- 
mony. ^o3o5 deceit. ^ 
&) a female's marriage-badge 
worn round the neck. tfLva 
an auspicious ceremony to be 

mangalarati, -^ ^= 

?w mangalavara, s. Tues- SJJOE 

ladevi, mangalavati, s. The 

goddess after whom the town 

of Mangalore is called. 

tf mangalarati, s. Wav- 

ing a lamp before an idol, etc. 
[ ^ mangalashtaka, s. 

Sanskrit verses sung when 

waving lamps before a bridal 

sioort^ manngali, s. A spotted 

cow. adj. Dapple, spotted. 
sjjortsksdo mangaluru, s. lit. A 

prosperous town. 2. the town 

of Mangalore. 
si>oris? mangale, s. The planet 

Mars. 2. a spotted ox or bull. 

adj. Spotted, dapple. 
sjjorttf* mangalya, -rcc ^ocXu. 


siicrreeJmangata, J. The pranks 
of a monkey. 2. tricks, pranks. 
3. see ~& 

mangu, s. A female eat, 
2. a silly female. 3. a small 
insect. *$ ^"-^ CA^O^ 
3ocXo rfo5rf--f e?tf /f/. by 
the time you conclude your 
narrative the cat will be 
pubescent; i.e., you are a 
slow coach, pro. 

mange, s. A monkey, ape. 
1. a silly fellow. skcR? a 
small worm. 

mannane, see ^ 




, ma- 
cavu, s. A cot, bedstead. 

mancipatre, marijapatre, mariji- 
patre, s. Artemisea indica, a 
pungent, bitter drug, said to 
be anthelinintic, stomachic, 
and a remover of phlegm 
and catarrh. 

ofc&o* maricilu, s. A kind of 
conveyance, resembling a 
hammock, made of sack cloth 
with an awning above, and 
and carried on the shoulders 
of men. 

marija, s. A fish-market; 
also sjsctfrfooia. 

skowtf marijana, see esoajtf. 

si) owe marijari, s. The spike, 
pedicle, or bunch of flowers 
and fruits. 

sjoofc3S3 s , sko&i$* manjalu, man- 
jalu, s. Turmeric, Curcuma 
long a. 2. yellow colour. 
adj. Yellow. es^ a kind 
of cake. 3^ a kind of fish. 

tfrfjj^s Curcuma zerumbct. 

3&j a kind of bird. 4 
a kind of flower. wa3 -, WcS-, 


are several kinds of 
turmeric. ^o"rf_ Curcuma 
xanthorrhiza, a kind of medi- 
cinal root, applied to the eye. 

o manjala, adj. Yellow. 

joo^s? manjale, manjale, 
j. A yellow or tawny coloured 
man. &se> a yellow cock. 

oto manji, J. A long boat. 2. 
a single masted country- 

manji, ^. A kind of hemp. 


marijishtha, Bengal mad- 

der, Rubia manjista. 
Jo^j manju, see 

. see 

manjuru, s. Approval. 
2. validity. <M^'. Authentic, 
valid, ratified. N disap- 
proved, in valid; rejected. 3o 
^oi to approve, ratify; au- 
tenticate, to make valid. 

manje, adj. Barren, un- 

do oe!3. manjetti, s. The arnotto 
tree, Bixa orellana. 2. the 
seed of it, used as a weight by 

manjeru, adj. Sterile, 
barren. ^js^o a barren 

o2crao3j manjeraye, s. A de- 
mon so called. 
ocis3 manjele, see ^oo&;e3. 
o^J5e3,, djo^J5^!3 manjotti, 


manjoti, see ^oosS&i. 

oeEjs^, manjotte, s. A raised 

bank at the end of a race- 


manjolu, see ^oo&!6, 


pa, mantame, mantavu, ^. An 
open shed or hall erected 




on marriage and other festive 
occasions. ^x>% an airy 
shed, tdooso a portico, porch, 
mantu, see ^>^- 

manda, s. The counter of 
a country shop ; a low bench 
or platform on which a shop- 
keeper squats while trans- 
acting business. 
oodo, ^ooCs^ mandala, inanda- 
la, s. The disk of the sun 
or moon. 2. an orb, ball, 
globe, circumference in gene- 
ral. 3. a province, region, 
district. 4. an empire. 5. a 
heap, quantity, multitude, 
assemblage. 6. the period 
of forty-eight days. ss?3iS, 
zSoorfe^ziS an emperor, ^o 
rfj the disk of the moon; an 
idol car. &? the Co- 
romandel Coast. ~tf a fo- 
reign territory. fc> the 
earth. SJB^O^J to describe a 

>oCs) mandali, s. An assembly, 
congress. ^ a member of an 
assembly. Xo^nS a presi- 

mandi, s. The knee. 

mandikutte, s. A 


demon so called, 
^joo&rt mandige, s. A kind of 
very thin cake. 2. the nasal 
passage into the month. 3. 
the name of a caste. 

, mande, s. The skull; the 
head. 2. a large earthen 

vessel. ^ a large kind of 
crow. -tfociS from head to 
buttocks. ^fj, hydrocepha- 
lus, dropsy of the head. 
_ c&>*, _ -^zB-R a capitation or 
poll tax. ^.5 a royal ant. 
skozS eooa difference of 
opinion, disagreement. ^o 
w^s to box the head or knock 
it against anything hard. 
_ s^oa to take part; to 

mandege, s. The name 
of a caste; also skot^. 
odzos? mandebale, s. A straw 
covering of a vessel. 2. the 
pole-plate of a roof. 
ocldvraO mandemari, s. Swell- 
ing of the head, a cerebral 
disorder. 2. giddiness, intoxi- 
cation. 3. a word of abuse. 

mandele, see ^ 
under ^ocrSe3. 

o^J3ne)6mandoligare, s. The 
president of an assembly. 
2. a member of an assembly. 

mannu, s. Earth, clay, 
soil. -rfoTj^i (///.) earth and 
cemetery; anything without 
order or discrimination. 3 

six>3 a lump of earth. -dx>3 
a r o 

heavy. 3oofrobo>, TSocra^E-' 
to be reduced to earth ; to die ; 
to decay. sraosoK ^oof5 eojatfos 
///. earth to fall into the mouth; 
to be disappointed or de- 
ceived; to be afflicted with. 
a grovelling dispo- 




sition. ^o-^a to swallow 

cess^ manuadake, ^. The se- 
pistan plum tree, Cordia 

crsS'o* mannadiku,^'. Under 
the earth, subterranean, 
mannane, see 3oo^B. 

mannase, s. Earthly 
desire, worldly-mindedness. 

manni, s. Rice flour and 
jaggory boiled with cocoanut 
juice, etc., treacle. ^baass^s 
to boil down. 

mannuppu,^. Bay salt. 

c3 mantu, manta, s. A 
churning stick. 2. see sfcsg. 
o^rfzSJSosS mantadabombe, s. 
A moving puppet. 
osdor mantarme, s. The back 
or railing of a cot. 

mantana, s. High birth, 
noble parentage. 

mantra, s. A mystical 
verse or incantation. 2. a 
formula sacred to any indi- 
vidual deity. 3. a charm. 
7^3, G3o5o a charmer, con- 
jurer, magician. 

and devices. 

$ to charm. *teor$> to 
master the mysteries of a 

mantrakshate. s. Raw 
rice coloured with red powder, 
over which incantations have 
been pronounced. 

mantri, s. A minister, 

counsellor. 2. the queen in 


c^o&o^ mantriyuni (^o=Sj), 

v. a. To charm, enchant. 2. 

to advise, persuade. 

oo$! manthu, mantha- 
na, see rbc. 

dooq5e)?i manthana, man- 
thana, see ^JOSB^. 

manda, s. Slowness ; dul- 
ness, stupidity. 2. thickness, 
density. 3. the planet Saturn. 
adj. Dim, dull. 2. stupid, 
senseless. 3. mild, moderate, 
gentle. 4. thickly spread, 
dense. es?^, -rfocc^ indi- 
gestion, want of appetite. 
e?6, zSoorfd thick butter milk. 
_ ^cR; dim sight. 535 a dense 
forest. A^o=i a slow walk. 

5>e5 turbid water. eooo 
dull comprehension. SDCCOO 
a gentle breeze. s^ Satur- 
day. -S=DX! a gentle smile. 
oorfd, SjjocsTrf mandara, man- 
dara, s. The tree Bauhinia 
acuminata. 2. a mythical 
mountain . & mandara flower. 
mandare, s. A tell-tale 
woman. 2. an artful woman. 
?;^ mandamastu, see 3o 

5 mandaksha, s. Modesty, 

mandi, see ^o=~. 

mandira, s. A house, 
habitation. -CD^ a palace. 
mandiri, J 




mandillu, see 
;: mande, ^. People, persons. 
- ///. ten people ; the 
members of a parish, a pres- 
bytery. how many per- 
sons? ~> r5oc rfjo^j AJ> 7js5o 

O _ 

///. ten people are equal to 
pearl ; there is wisdom in the 
counsel of an assembly, pro. 
a few persons. 

mandri, s. A bed-sheet, 
covering garment. 2. a table 

inandhana, see sSocsssf. 
, oc$ mandhi, mandhe, sec 

manna, ^. Suspense, post- 
ponement. 2. discontinuance, 
cessation. 3. prohibition, dis- 

Oo^cl mancane, s. Respect, 
civility, politeness, attention. 
^i manni, see 3oorf. 

5Joo>;do> mannipuni, 
mannisuni (skca, ziioacj), -u, a. 
To forgive, pass over, over- 
look. 2. to regard, treat 
kindly. 3. to honour, show 
s&oS^ mampuni, see siotfo^. 

. mamma, s. The pap, 

,ieJ-\ mammatikottu, s. 


A mamooty. 

inanimate, see ^>^o^. 
. 3 mamme, s. Longing, eager- 
ness. _'. want, deficiency, 

scarcity. ^retfoa to desire 
eagerly. j- t i on . 

maka, ^. A sacrifice, obla- 

jss^ makamalu, s. Velvet. 
makaru, ^. Trick, artifice, 
cheat, deception. 

makara, s. An alligator. 
2. Capricornus, sign of the 
zodiac, adj. Obstinate. ^e 
3si Cupid, whose banner 
bears the sign of an alliga- 
tor. 33 obstinacy. &setfr 
a wreath carried on poles. 
^c^ca the passage of the 
sun from Sagittarius into 

j^, ^0=5^0^ makariyuni, 
makaryuni (^>55), v, n. To be 

makuta, s. A crown, 
crest, tiara. 
, make, see &>& 

makku, s. Awn or beard 
of grain, etc. adj. Bristly, 
rough. e?La to be bristly, 
as a plant, etc. 

makku, ^. Irritation in 


the throat. <^'. Irritating. 
_3c^o distressing cough. ^> 
^_ La, -jjuojftto feel irrita- 
tion in the throat. 
makkaru, sec 
c; makkara, see 

makkalaceshte, ^. 
Convulsions of children. 

e)^ makkalasantana, s. 


Inheritance by one's sons, in 




contrast to inheritance by 
nephews (ss^oSoxbg^). 

. Child- 


s makki, J. Irritation. 2. 
ploughing. ^orf a ploughed 
field; a field of one crop. 
crooSo a ploughman. 
rough timber. 
makku, ^^ 

makkuni (^>%), ?'. . To 


feel irritation in the throat. 
makke, see &>&. 
makkeri, s. A kind of 


wicker basket used for fish- 
ing. 2ot3o^ to fish with such 
a basket. 

makkelu, ^'. Irritating, 


as a rancid substance. 2. 
bristly, rough. 
makhe, j 

J magute, ^'. Again, a 
second time. 

magupu, s. A turn. 

magupuni (^J\), #.. 
To turn, upset. socsS to 

* maguru, ^". Next, fol- 
lowing. adv. Again, once 
more. ^>e> next year. 4 
w^s, _ Tbowo^to crop up again, 
to have a relapse. 
rY^r magurne, adj. Next, fol- 
lowing, succeeding. ^v the 
next year. 

maga, see 

magapuni (^X), v.a. To 
draw and turn over. $?5- to 
draw water. 
* magaru, see 
magaruni, see 

magalu, ^. A daughter. 
pi. S$JAVSZ$O J daughters. 
ricz3o> sjjrjjo^)^ magucuni, 
magupuni, see 3oK4$. 
ri mage, J. A son; pi. 

magga, ^. A loom. -c 
a weaver. rf^s to pass or 
shoot the shuttle through the 
warp in weaving, as country 
weavers do. 

maggi, s. Multiplication, 
the multiplication table. X 
o repeat the same, -so 
to know the same, 
maggina, s. An obstacle, 

magte, see &$. 
magna, adj. Plunged, im- 
mersed, sunk. eyL$ to be 
sunk, as in any vice, 
magpu, see ^oh4- 
o magrama, adj. Next, fol- 
lowing. a3 next day, the* 
following day. 

magravonuni, z'. 
To prostrate, 
magru, ^^ 3oK5. 

magruni, ^. . To fall, 
tumble. 2. to shake, be agi- 




tated. 3. to feel a reeling 
sensation, a^os! to feel un- 
easiness in the belly. 

magruru, s. Pride, ar- 
rogance, haughtiness. 2. 
rudeness, impertinence. 

maghe, s. The tenth lunar 
asterisin. eorir a season of 
much rain. 

macca, s. A little piece of 

gold or silver kept as a 
sample or test. 

macca, J. A strong, stink- 


ing smell. 

53 $ 6 maccammu, . A kind 


of fish. 

o maccara, s 
macci, s. A stone-cutter's 



maccu, J^ ^o^ 
z macce, s. Likeness, re- 
semblance. 2. *>& . 


j^s maja, see &>& 
o^oiJ majanti, J. A small kind 
of bee. 2. its wax. 
jfci^j^ majakuni (^oar^), r. ;/. 
To become dim. i\ a. To 
scatter, huddle. 
owj2e3aoJ9do majakoteburu, s. 
A kind of creeper. 

majade, see sfcoafli 
fj majane, ^. A kind of black 
scars on the body. 
to suffer from them. 
f majabuti^, sec 
j v majal^, .s. A stage in a 
journey, halting place. 2. a 

distance from nine to twelve 


^o' majalu, adj. Of middle 

sort, as land. tforf a field 

of middle sort. 33 middle 


majale, j. Kubbish 
washed on shore. 

majasige, ^^ ska^S*. 

maji, ^. Coal. 2. black 

powder. 3. ink. 

Zo^JS^jmajikolu, s. A churn- 


U&J3&) majuri, majuru, 

s. Hire, cooly, wages. *$& 

&f to pay hire. 
^^ maje, s. A natural speck, 

spot, freckle, mole. 
^ot3 majji, j^ 3J33. 


do^.^D^ majkuri^, ^'. Before- 
mentioned, aforesaid. ^. Con- 

"- ,3 majbutu, ^'. Strong, 


firm, fixed. 

majlasige, ^. Boast, 

Url matige, sec ^^- a Jr. 
s , mattu, see ^owj,. 

matta, ^. A carpenter's or 
bricklayer's square. 2. level, 
height, measure. a?a>_ water 

y. matta, ^. Toddling, awfe 1 . 
At full length, -rfods'f? on 
the whole back. rfo^ ~ 
to toddle, as a child. 





otlo' mattaru, s. A place of 
cock-fighting. 2. a fair held 
in the month of May. 
o^.3^1 mattitoute, s. A small 
kind of cucumber, gerkin. 
okJo, mattu, s. Measure, extent, 
limit, capacity, ability. &so 
sabs to understand a person's 

matte, J. A kind of tune, 
mattelu, s. The pouch 
in front formed by the folds 
of a female's garment and 
used as a pocket. 2. the bosom, 
lap. doa , 3oO- an under 
pouch so formed. 

matha, s. The residence of 
a priest or spiritual guide ; a 
monastery. 2. a school, college. 
^ the eight residences of 
the spiritual guides, connect- 
ed with the Krushna temple 
atUdipi, namely, zjeSdreS , ^ 

o^S Sgi'd , 3&& 7\. Sgtfja'dO--, tJSrJ50 
ra & y 

?5j3?:3 , es^ja5 , and 33e 
^nO a nunnery. Xo 
the residence of a spiri- 
tual guide or minister. &oX 
^o the residence of a Linga 
priest. ssa an inhabitant 
of a monastery. 

maduguni, see 
mada, ^^ ^^>^- 
s madanku, see 

^odod^ madantelu, 
madandelu, s. Rice plants 
sprouting again after they 

have been once reaped. 2. a 
kind of tree. 

;d madake, s. An earthen 
vessel for collecting toddy. 
z3os a kind of crab. o5r 
a kind of fruit. 
>crio madaguni (do3K), #. a. 
To lay down, put, place, 
madatana, see dorfs' ?i 

madate, s. A fold, crease. 

madalu, s. A palm branch. 

2. a cocoanut branch with 
plaited leaves. <&3 a dried 
leaf of a palmyra tree. sjs 
oi a kind of fish. doo<iL>$ 
to plait palm leaves. 

_ madastana, s. Rolling 
one's self round a temple or 
before an idol, in fulfilment 
of a vow. 3j7>3os> to roll in 
such a way. 

;ra)03o?oo5) madayisuni (dozssoso 
oJ), i). a. To bind, cover, as 
a book. 

madi, s. A newly washed 
cloth, bleached cloth. 2. a 
garment of bark, silk, or 
wool, worn by Brahmans and 
other high-caste people dur- 
ing meals or any ceremonies. 

3. fold, the same quantity 
added ; (in comp. with &>5 and 
f^5, do changes into 20;) as, 1* 
air& a single fold; ^aDra a 
double fold, etc. adj. Bleach- 
ed, washed. socUo a washed 
cloth. 7?jeo33 a kind of toad. 
gaoSo a washerman. do^a 
to bleach, wash clothes. d-s 





;&$ to change a washed gar- 
ment. rf.-B^s to become 

ja^ madike, s. Folding, doub- 
ling. 2. a wrinkle, crease. 
3. a small earthen vessel. 

3e> 4 a kind of cake. 

:a^c?rf^) madiciravu, s. A kind 
of bag or purse. 

madipavuni, c. T. (of 
To make fold, cause 
to fold. 
jj8o3) madipu, s. A fold, plait. 

_e3?jS a clasp knife. 
sjj^s^)^ madipuni (3oS), To 
fold, plait, double up. socaS 
to feel loathing or disgust; 
to retch. 

:jjj madiyuni (=fca), r'.w. 
To become folded, doubled up. 
sjoa^s? madivale, see rfoz^A 

3' madlru, ^/'. Second 
born. cro;3o the second son. 
;&& madu, ^. An axe, hatchet. 
_^ ^5 the handle of an axe. 
r*.^ madugadi, see 
orij^) maduguni, see 

made, ^. Orts, refuse, 
crumbs, or remains of vic- 
tuals. 2. saliva, spittle. 3. 
whatever has come in con- 
tact with the mouth. ^3 a 
leaf-plate that has been used 
for a meal. 4& ring worm. 
-rfotfj^ to defile anything 
by bringing in contact with 

maderiji, s. A kind of fish. 
l madke, .s 1 . A quantity of 
grass, etc. 

maddi, s. Sediment, lees. 
2. rice boiled with cocoanut 
and husk, for cattle. 
d^sc;^ maddelapakki, s. A 
kind of bird. 

, djdksii maddele, madyele, 
s. A washerman. 
j madlu, see &>&$. 


.C2, ^ors^ 5 mana, manaku, adj. 
Viscous, sticky. ^^s, _^o 
s3j3AO s'o^?) to stick, adhere, 
become united. 

manangu, s. Pilchard. 

manajogu, s. Giddi- 
ness, vertigo. 

manali, s. A tune. 2. see 

manasile, s. Red arsenic. 
manara, see 3o&ee^Ti 
mani, s. A bead. 2. a small 
bell. 3. a gem, pearl, ^orfor 
a small kind of black beads. 
?ra5 a rib of a ship. SD^ 
a prophesy. ^ a necklace 
of beads. s#1F beads in 
general. ^oOodooa. ^Sodood 
to string beads. 

manigantu, s. The 

manigare, see -&37V3. 
manipande, sec under 

jt$Q manipu, ^. A strong, 
superior kind of coir. 




;^ manpun, see 

manu, s. A maund equal 
to 28 Ibs. 

mane, s. A low stool to sit 
upon. todr-ei--. a whetting 
board. ^u^- a kind of 
stool furnished with a short 
handle. E^ON , j-^ under 
^oj3. ^JUDOSO wooden furni- 

?f ns>6 manegare, s. A revenue 

> manoli, s. The vegetable 
Coccinia indica. 

mata, J. Purpose, intention, 
wish, mind. 2. religion; a 
religious sect. ^J^ the 
Christian religion. crooSo. 
^ a follower of a religion, 
a sectarian. sfs^ Buddhism. 
j5?rf religious difference. 
j^o^), o3^wo matalapu, ma- 
talabu, s. The contents tfr 
purport of a writing or speech. 
SDOSo matayi, s. A wave. 
o3 mati, s. Understanding, 
intellect, common sense. 2. 
the senses. crooS senseless. 
_ ;^$ to be out of senses. 

mattu, ^^ ^ooJp. 

matta, <^". Intoxicated. 
2. furious, mad. 

matti, s. The tree 7Vr- 
minalia tomentosa. 
jj, matte, j. An inebriate man ; 
a mad man. 
a -^ matlabu, J 

matsara, J. Envy, malice. 


matsya, s. A fish. ^og^ozS 
3^>^ the first incarnation of 
Vishnu in the form of a fish. 

mathana, ^. Churning. 

madumaye, s. A 

c^ja's* madumalu,^. A bride. 
2. a pubescent female. 
a kind of fish. 3, 

madume, s. A wedding, 
marriage. d zSjsosJ a shed 
erected for nuptial cere- 
monies. rf 4^oJ a wedding 
feast. ?)$ to become mar- 
ried. ^o^s> to marry. 
madure, ^. Madura. tfo 
a red kind of turban 
manufactured in Madura. 

madurengi, ^<s ^odjc?\. 

madijlu, 5. A roofed 
wall of a compound. 3^$ 
to make a roofed wall. 
d mada, s. Pride, arrogance. 
2. insanity, madness, infatu- 
ation. 3. joy, pleasure. 4. 
rutting, as of an elephant. 
5. inebriety, intoxication. 6. 
spiritous or vinous liquor. 
1. desire, love. 

l madante, see ^orao^. 

madakari, s. Ulcerous 
leprosy, -t&^d to be affect- 
ed -with leprosy. 
rt^o^) madakuni (i&si'F), D. n. 
To go or move swiftly. 




dodo maddo 


madaga, s. A large natural 

madadu, adj. Slothful, 
indolent, s. A log, trunk. 
an indolent fellow. 
madadi, see 3o&s&. 
madadu, J. A lazy woman. 
adj. Lazy. 2. sloping. 

madade, -r. A blockhead. 
2. a sluggard. 

madatruni, see ^orf^s. 

dF? madana, madane, s. 
Cupid. 2. a man's name. 

madapu, s. Forgetful- 

d$> madapuni (^>rf), i). a. To 

ri^sS madapele, s. A forgetful 
man, absent-minded man. 

madale, madale, 

madante, ma- 
dandhe, s. A man blind with 
pride or passion ; an arro- 
gant or dissolute man. 2. 
a sluggard, lazy man. 
z3 D do x^madamastu, # ^//.Stout, 
robust, lusty. 

madipu, s. A consulta- 
tion, deliberation. 2. settle- 
ment, resolution. - 
-^a to consult, - 
to settle. 

a^j^ madipuni (^^), r. a. To 
consult, deliberate, settle. 

^ 6 madimuttelu, s. The 
first menstruation. 

s madilu, see 

madu, s. Mediating or in- 
terceding with a devil-dancer 
as the spokesman of a com- 
munity. zjrfyS to mediate so. 
dockd madura, see sk^'d 
sjod made, s. A screen, blind. 
2. a retired place, privacy. 
e?S:s> to be screened, shelter- 
ed. sktfo^ to screen, hide. 
docS^jj madepu,^. Shade, shelter,, 

dodc^^i madepuni (^^, ".a. 

To screen, shelter, hide. 
dodoJoo^i madeyuni (^>^, v. n. 

To be out of sight, shut. 
doc3J3^ madodi, s. A branch of 
a palmyra, stripped of its 

maddu, see sSoSr. 

maddadkataye, s. 
A demon so called. 

e3, sjods? maddale, maddale, 


maddane, j. A rutting 
do a do maddima, see ^o^^o. 

doz3 ^. dod^ maddesa, madye- 
sa, s. Persuasion, inducement. 
2. pacifying, appeasing. 3. 

maddoli, s. A finger- 





do madya, J. Wine; spiri- 
tuous or fermented liquor. 
2. see ^otfo. s^>~ taking 
liquor. SJBS a drunkard. 
zioft madrengi, s.. The henna 
plant, Lawsonia spinosa. 
madha, see ->i. 

, sjjzp>oq:> madhande, ma- 
dhandhe, see ^ocroc^. 
qkmadhu, s. Spirituous liquor, 
wine. 2. honey. 3. sugar. 
4. sweetness in flavour, sound, 
or disposition. 

qkd madhura, adj. Sweet, 
pleasing, agreeable. 

madhya, ^. The middle, 
centre. adv. Between; cf. 

madhyama, adj. Midd- 
ling, of middle sort. 

qj^rrad, doqSo^, madhyasta- 
gare, madhyaste, s. A mediator. 

"kj\ madhyastige, ^. Arbitra- 

doqrsoao^madhyana, ma- 
dhyahna, J. Noon, the middle 
of the day. 
^^ madhyesa, see rfo^?rf. 

e's, 2^3o3ormadhvacarye,^. The 
founder of a Veishnava sect. 
^ mana, see 


purti, manahpurvaka, adj. Vo- 
luntary, wilful, earnest, adv. 
Voluntarily, wilfully, ear- 

do ^=5* ?j Qrt manakasarige, s. Ill- 
feeling; uncleanness of heart 
or mind. 

kc3c3s>> manadani, s. The next 
day, following day. 
manara, sje -&>3jz?&>-3. 

manavariko, s. Know- 
ledge, perception. [s^cstf. 
manasantara, see ^> 
manastapa, s. Heart- 
burning, grief. 2. contrition, 
repentance. ^ ?odo -&3 
Tfo^ ^c5> his grief has cleav- 
ed unto you. 
ON?J* manassu, s. The mind; 


the heart. 2. desire, incli- 
nation, attention. 3 A 

the state of mind. 3o<3 


magnanimous. 5^ vacil- 
lation, wavering; reluctance. 
3^ an excellent mind, ami- 
able disposition. 5^ dream- 
ing and waking, ^y , sa^ 


an evil mind; a bad disposi- 
tion, ^c^ej fickle-minded- 
ness. -e?L$ to will; to wish, 
desire. ?$ to have no mind ; 


not to desire or like. 2^ 
^^ as one likes; indiscrimi- 
nately, arbitrarily. a?bato 
covet; to be attentive. sktfo^ 
to will; to resolve, deter- 
mine. A)s^?> to have mind ; 
to covet; to like. =5^53$ to 
be grieved. 5y7\o$ to be 
moved, to relent ; to feel pity. 
^ooirfoa to be dejected. 3s> 
Sbr?> to pay attention. ^o 




tf^S to be willing, to will, 
consent, determine. TJW^)?) 
to shrink, recoil; to be dis- 
inclined; to be fascinated, 
ftee)& manassakshi, s. Con- 

rO 1 -^ 


)$j)5) manipuni (^>$), v. a. To 
speak, utter. // is used 
chiefly in the negative; as, ^ 
322 (I) do not speak i&>a3izS 
do not speak, ^o^rfi he does 
not speak. -&>&t>o3 without 
speaking, quietly, silently. 
0:3 ero^s to be silent, 
manu, s. The celebrated 
Hindu legislator. v^or-s^ 
the institutes of Manu. 
j:2, do&slp manuje, manu- 
shye, s. Man, a man, mankind. 
Jcfo?3 manuse, .?&? ^^. 

mane, ^. A house, home. 
estf a palace. #3_ a prison, 
jail. 3 a household. siraS 
household furniture; person- 
al property. sro^r, sroSrj* 
household affairs, family con- 

manegare, see 
manepu, see 
manoli, see 

manogata, ^. State of 
mind, purpose: opinion. 

'-c^v^ manobhava, s. State 
of mind. 

i r-dqi manoratha, ^. Wish, 

manovakkaya, s. 
Thought, word and deed. 

manovega, s. Swift- 

ness of thought, 

rf^ as quick as thought. 
j^J3^36d manohara, J. Charm- 

ing, delightful, agreeable, 


mannadake, see 
mannipuni, see 
of^zp manmathe, s. Cupid. 
o^o^d manvantara, s. The reign 

of a Manu, a period equal to 

306,720,000 years of the 

mortals or one day of Brahma. 
Jc^o* manvaru, s. A man of 

jfS manse, s. A Pariah. 


j^ mappu, .r. Evening, twi- 
light. ?&$ to grow dark. 
tja mabbu, adj. Dim, dull, 

makara, mamate, mamatkara, s. 
Affection, love. 

maya, s. A Sanskrit affix 
used in the formation of 
adjectives attributive of that 
of which a thing is chiefly 
made or consists \ as, >- 
covered with water. ^^ >ir 
golden, all gold. 
oiooo mayanti, s. A demon 
so called. 

mayandruni, see 3 

mayaka, see 

may a 



mayakuni (rfoodoS}, 
i'. 7i. To vanish, disappear. 
2. to flicker, as a light. 
doctors mayana, see sfcaodore. 

djoJodooio mayamaya, ^'. Dim, 
dull. sy^a to become dim, 
as the eyes. 

mayaluni, see 3ooo$. 

mayasure, s. A titan, 
the architect of giants, 
mayi, ^ ~&>^ 

mayilo, ^ ^raosoeSjs 
under ^jsokos. 

mayyaru, s. A pair of 
compasses. 2. a circle. SJD 

to draw a circle, 
mara, s. A tree. 2. timber; 
wood. ssS a stilt; a wooden 
leg. 3rf5 small branches of a 
tree. 3 sSeeitrooSo a carpen- 
ter. -^e4 a kind of Acacia, 

Arum viviparum. 

to become stiff. 
trees to be rubbed against 
each other. 5^ to cut or 
fell a tree. 

do^cl, dod^cl marankane, ma- 
rakane, adj. On the back ; top- 
sy-turvy. zS^a to lie on the 
back. sojsT&s to fall back- 
ward, ^o^?? siydos 1 ?? rfos?o>^ 
to turn topsy-turvy; to con- 

marang-e, see 

marante, see 
marandala, see 

marampu, see 

maraka, ^< 

marakatu, a^'. Rough, 
clumsy. 3e3 a clumsy 
work . 

marakadi, a^'. Rough, 
half finished, as a work. 

marakata, s. An emerald. 
marakalu, see ~&>3r<5. 

marakale, s. A fisherman, 
who is also a palankeen 
bearer; a steersman, fern. 

dod^d marakalme, s. The head- 

man of fishermen. 
djd^doA* marakerengu, s. Tapi- 

oca, Jatropha manihot. 
dod^jsd^ marakodappe, s. A 


maragupatre, s. Mint. 
maraje, see S&tfx. 

oddo maradu, maradu, 

j-. Barrenness, sterility. 2. 

a small trough; cf. rfo^osj. 

adj. Barren. 

odra marana, J. Death. &- 

birth and death. ss time 

of death. ass^ a horoscope 

predicting one's death. 3Sj 

??, _a3^^ a will or testament. 

odre)oo : a maranantika, adj. 

Lasting, enduring, ending 

with death. 

oSd^> maradevi, s. A barren 


maranlru, s. Toddy. 




marapu, s. Forgeti'ulness ; 
cf. ^0^55. 2. a mistake, omis- 

45} marapuni (^), . a. To 
fell, pull down, as a wall, etc. 
2. to set up what has been 
upset. 3. see rJjrf^a. 

, doddoofc!^ mara- 
marijalu, maramanjalu, s. The 
yellow sauders, Morinda 

ds&d maramara, ^/'. Sleepy, 
5JJ3S maramari, j^ rf^^^jas. 

maramasa, s. Tough 

j marayi, see 

maraluni, see 

marava, s. The caste of 
Maravas. 2. ^otf- 
odps? maravoli, s. A kind of 
mistletoe. 2. a wild screw- 

marasani, s. A kind of 
jam from Ceylon. 
d3oosjo3* marahammat^, s. 
Mending, repair. 2. engineer- 
ing. ^s,/sa5 public works 
department. ^o^Ntomend, 

, maralikke, s. Hinge. 


marayi, s. A trough <?r 
bowl. cf^rc^rf- a cattle 
trough. j"3_, ^oTt_ a long 
trough, ^e^- a stone trough. 
*J^o- a large trough with a 
handle on either side. 

mari, s. A serpent, snake. 
2. a worm. 3. a young 
animal. ^ soeSr the young 
of a serpent. ~s2 a green 
whip-snake. 52rfor& a boa- 
constrictor. soc^_ an intesti- 
nal worm. 3 3ocR> poison- 
ous earth; unhealthy soil. 

sjo0door(j^j marimugudu, s. A 
kind of fresh-water fish. 

SjoOciisQ, ojooc&jdrii mariyadi, 
mariyade, s. Custom, usage. 

2. propriety of conduct. 3. 
respect, civility, politeness. 

3. a present. crecSo a polite 
man; a man of rank. 

mariyala, see 3ooctoF. 
maru, s. A particle, atom. 
adj. Following, next. &3 
the next day. a ; 
there is no body. 

maruva, sa 
jdoT90$j maruviyi, s. The bi- 
valve, a kind of oyster. ^ , 

'& ' '-- ' .o ' 
ssuS & are different kinds 

of it 

marulu, se: si>r. 
mare, s. A shelter, retreat; 
cf. Tk:3. 2. the milky juice 
or sap of plants, fruits, etc. ; 
gum. fe^N the milky juice 
to exude. -~3^^ to be cover- 
ed with the same. 

marepuni, sec ^33$. 2. 
set ^bt 

530=5* F marky. 



marku, s. Scum or sedi- 
ment of oil. 

marka, adj. Fainting, 
dejection, languor. e?&a to 
faint, feel dejected. 
uFej* markatu, see rfo-rf^O. 

markate, s. A monkey, 
ape. 2. a stupid fellow. 

markadi, see ^o-ctea. 

sJo'&SFzi markade, mar- 
kode, s. A bad habit, improper 
behaviour, rudeness, naughti- 

markalu, s. A measure 
of salt, equal to 28 pounds. 
^OF^) markuni (^o^r), v. n. 
To groan, moan. 
^Fs: 6 markelu, s. Groaning, 

margij, adj. Dead. e? 
to die. 
margi, ^^ ^OTOOSO. 

margilij, ^. The side, 

flank. eo<^^_ the right side. 

ri^ the left side. 

marca, s. Enticement, 

seduction. 2. taming, domesti- 

marcavuni, c. v. (of 
To entice, seduce. 

2. to tame, domesticate. 

^OF^I marcuni (^o^S"r), v.n. 

To be enticed, seduced. 2. 

to be tamed, domesticated. 

2FS3 S marcelu, adj. Tamed. 

s. Tameness. ^ taming, as 

an animal. 

mara, see 

marjavuni, c. v. (of 
To cover, shelter, 
as a hen its young ones under 
its wings. 

marji, s. Opinion, senti- 
ment. 2. disposition, incli- 
nation. 3. will, pleasure. 4. 
manner, way. 

marna, see zk-dr. 

marti, s. A silly or simple 
|F marte, s. Selling, bargain. 

C3*F mard^jL, s. Medicine. 2. 
gunpowder; <z/.ytf t3c^o5Sr. 3. 
decoy powder, philter. crooSo 
a physician. &a&F& to ad- 
minister medicine, treat a 

mardade, s. An honorary 
title among Jainas. 
dF(3 mardana, s. Rubbing, 
shampooing. 2. grinding. 3. 
killing. ^otfo^, skar^s to 
rub, shampoo, grind. 

marpu, see 

marbu, see 

marina, J 1 . A secret. 2. 
a vital part. 3. see 
marmale, see 

marmaye, ^. A fe- 
male's son-in-law, a nephew 
or a brother's son. 

5J05J33FS?* marmalu, s. A female's 
daughter-in-law, a niece or a 
brother's daughter. 

^o 053s) FS maryadi, see 




maryala, s. The rainy 
season, monsoon. 

- marlu, s. Madness, insa- 
nity. adj. Mad, insane, foolish. 
n3- half-mad, crack-brained. 
osjSr dotage, senility ; absent- 
mindedness. L<S a small, 
red kind of ant. ^s prema- 
ture blossoms of a plant. e? 
s to be fascinated, enticed, 
seduced; to be exceedingly 
pleased, enchanted. ^u^sto 
behave foolishly. 3^$ to 
become mad. sktfo^s to 
seduce, fascinate. 

^osD^L' marlata, s. Foolishness, 
silliness. 2. pranks, tricks. 
marlavuni, c. r. (of 
To entice, decoy, 
allure, seduce. 
JSXF marlu, see ^Sr. 

.-> marluni (^>^ ;r )' r - n - 
To be restless <?r over-active ; 
to be intent upon doing mis- 

rfod^ marie, s. A mad man. a 
a mad woman. 

marva, s. A kind of timber 
tree, Lagerstrcemia regiiuc. 

i>53FO&j, wj^srowj marvayi,mar- 

vayi, ^^'' ^0^-^030. 
sljSTSFSgj^ marvavuni (^>ror) ? 
r. rz. To gnaw, nibble, bite 
slowly or with effort. 

mala, .y. Dirt, bodily excre- 
tion. 2. dross. 3. sin. -r 

:id urine. 


malampu, ^^ 
malaku, ^. A kind of 
necklace. ^^f- a small 
kind of necklace. 
o^ malaka, s. A storm, tem- 
pest. e>5o. a to have a storm. 
o^rio> malaguni (^o^F\), ?-. w. 
To lie down, to sleep. 

malatanke, s. A hyena. 
>^)) malapuni, S&? i5o3cXo. 

o^^j?i^) malapupa, 
malapupu, s. An enclosure in 
a letter, 
ow^os*' malamalu, J. Muslin. 

o^^J?^ malamasa, ^. An in- 
tercalary month. 
o>c&re<^ malayala, s. The 
province of Malabar. 3o> 
a man from Malabar. 

malar aye, J. A demon 
so called. 

^oys3 malave, ^. A man with 
squint eyes. 

malamu, see ^ooe/tiSo. 

malamatu, s. A strait, 
calamity, difficulty, dilemma. 
2. reproach. 

o^ malina, ^<//. Foul, filthy, 

: - J wj maliy uni, ma- 

liruni (^-), ' w. To slip or 
wear away, as a portion of 
earth t;r mud work; also 3o 


.53 male. ^. A forest, jungle; 
a hill overgrown with forest, 
a large viper. m 




, ~ ^oa a kind of serpent. 
, ?v3oK a large kind 
of sweet potato. 
e5or!o> malenguni (skdoK),?'. n. 
To recline, lean against. 
s3w.>sjJ3a malejumadi, s. A 
demon so called. 
malepini, see 
maleyala, ^^ 

s3oe3s3) maleyuni, 
malevuni (^><3), v.a. To frown, 
scowl. 2. to stare. 

j, skera s^) malla, mal- 
lavu, mallavu, #/. Great, 
large, big, extensive. 2. chief, 
principal, important. 3 . loud. 
a down-right thief. 
r an important busi- 
ness. ^'d^js^ a great or 
respectable man. ^ja^o an 

extensive land. tfeo a loud 


o^oe2 mallanji, see ^U-dat. 


c^o^o mallamma, s. A goddess 
so called. 
o^o&jd mallayuddha, ^. Box- 

ro 9 

ing, wrestling. 2. a duel, 

mallaraye, ^^ 

malladige, s. Greatness, supe- 
riority, loftiness. 2. pride. 
osra oSomallaye, ^. A man senior 
in age; a senior. 2. a rich 
man. 3. a grown up man. 
fein. doeA) f a female senior 

in age ; a grown up woman ; 
a rich woman. 

mallavuni, c. v. (of 
To make coincide. 
era s s mallasu, s. A kind of fish, 
malli, s, A lamp-bearer, a 
man who attends with a 
light, aezisL- a molten image 
holding a lamp in its hands. 
>gr^ mallige, ^. The creeper 
Jasminum sambac. sSoS , 

J ~ > J ~^ " a~' 
are different kinds of jasmin. 

3odo_ the four-o-clock flower, 
Mirabilis jalappa. 


mallivalu, see 
malluni (^^,), "v. n. To 
coincide. 2. 
malle, see 

malle, s. A boxer, wrestler. 
2. a barber. 3. a keeper.