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Full text of "Twenty-fourth annual report of the public schools of Henderson, North Carolina, 1922-1923"

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Henderson, N, C. Board of School Trustees 

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W. T. Watkins Term expires first Monday in December, 1928 

Mrs. W. D. BurwelI..Term expires first Monday in December, 1928 

R. S. McCoin Term expires first Monday in December, 1928 

John D. Cooper Term expires first Monday in December, 1921 

J. R. Teague Term expires first Monday in December, 1924 

W. C. Hight Term expires first Monday in December, 1921 

J. H. Bridgers Term expires first Monday in December, 1926 

Mrs. Henry Perry. .. .Term expires first Monday in December, 1926 

C. W. Finch Term expires first Monday in December, 1926 

0tlictvs of tfje Jgoarb 


J. H. Bridgers Chairman 

W. T. Watkins Vice-Chairman 

J. R. Teague Secretary 

^tanbing Commtttresf 

Finance — J. R. Teague and J. H. Bridgers. 

Building — Bridgers, Hight, J. D. Cooper, and Mrs. Perry 

Teachers and Salaries — Hight, Watkins, Teague and Alderman. 

Visiting — Mrs. Perry. 

Sanitary — W. T. Watkins. 

Property — W. T. Watkins and J. D. Cooper. 

Jfinancial Statement 


1922 First National Bank 

July 1 Balance on hand July 1, 1922 $ 10,401.10 

12 From Royster, local tax 410.93 

Aug. 5 From Royster, local tax 306.12 

9 From rent at Teacherage 5.75 

Oct. 3 From Royster, local tax 301.77 

9 From E. M. Rollins, balance due for last year. . 4,783.24 

23 From E. M. Rollins, state and county fund 4,000.00 

Nov. 16 From Royster, local tax 2,108.50 

17 From note 3,979.20 

23 From Royster, local tax 2,406.58 

25 From check, to pay interest 20.00 

25 From note 4,899.00 

Dec. 1 From Royster, local tax 6,529.59 

4 From Royster, local tax 7,031.04 

16 From rent at Teacherage 95.10 

29 From Royster, local tax 45.12 


Jan. 8 From W. C. Hight for old material on H. S. lot. 121.00 

1923 Citizens Bank and Trust Co. 

Jan. 16 From Royster, local tax 5,643.79 

23 From Rollins, state and county fund 5,000.00 

Feb. 8 From Royster, local tax 9,474.28 

16 From Rollins, state and county fund 10,000.00 

Mar. 9 From Royster, local tax 1,873.18 

Apr. 6 From Rollins, state and county fund 6,000.00 

10 From Royster, local tax 6,512.64 

14 From rent at Teacherage 23.52 

18 From transfer from First Nat, Bank 9,303.40 

(Do not count this item twice in mak- 
ing up total receipts for the year.) 

21 From rent at Teacherage 6.00 

May 3 From Royster, local tax 3,926.33 

18 From Rollins, state and county fund 14,314.18 

June 6 From error in bill, returned 2.00 

8 From Royster, local tax 1,219.13 

29 From rent at Teacherage 244.75 

30 From Royster, local tax 428.16 


Deduct amount from First Nat. Bank 9,303.40 

Total receipts current fund $112,112.80 

April 18 Bond Fund transferred to Citizens Bank $ 2,404.40 


Paid for salaries of teachers and superintendent $ 56,004.32 

Paid for office hehp 122.00 

Paid for janitor service 1,862.47 

Paid for fuel 2,587.13 

Paid for insurance 909.17 

Paid for light, gas, water and installation 339.61 

Paid for rent 1,116.63 

Paid for interest on borrowed money 221.30 

Paid for money borrowed repaid 5,125.58 

Paid for bill for printing 85.31 

Paid for repairs 2,263.09 

Paid for building and sites out of current fund 11,618.91 

Paid for supplies 709.79 

Paid for furniture 2,147.48 

Paid for incidentals 427.46 

Paid for bond number 14, first series 1,000.00 

Paid for coupons on all outstanding bonds for year.... 7,850.00 

Paid for certificate of deopsit — for sinking fund 7,000.00 

Total amounts of checks on Treasury $101,390.25 

On July 1, 1923, there was on deposit in the Citizens Bank, the 
County Treasurer or Financial Agent: 

For Sinking Fund, eight certificates of deposit. .. .$8,000.00 

Balance on Bond Fund (from last year) 2,404.40 

Balance on Bond Fund as of June 30, 1923 

Balance on Current Fund as of June 30, 1923 

I have not been able to secure the amount of these balances. The 
report of the auditors, S. G. Gardner & Company, seems to be full 
and complete, but I fail to comprehend it. 

There is valuable information in the report for the Board. 

There should be three separate accounts of school funds kept 
in order to comply with the school law. A new and accurate . 
system of bookkeeping should be adopted to keep these accounts so 
they can be balanced at any time. 

^mhtx&on (graticb Retool ^ontisi 

The "First Series" of school bonds was voted by Henderson 
Township on April 11, 1905. This issue w^as for $20,000 and to bear 
five per cent. Of this amount $14,000 has been paid off. leaving 
$6,000 yet unpaid. 

The "Second Series" was voted April 8, 1913, and was for $30,000 
High School bonds to bear five per cent. These are not serial 
bonds, but will become due in a lump July 1, 1943. At this date 
we have a sinking fund of $8,000 building up to liquidate these 
bonds when they become due. 

The "Third Series" was voted December 14, 1920. This issue was 
for $100,000. At that time nothing under a six per cent bond 
could be sold. So we put it into the face of each bond that the 
Board reserved the right to call in the bond at any time by giving 
ninety days notice of such intention. This was done in order to 
replace these six per cent bonds with lower rate bonds as soon as 
the bond market should become normal. 

The "Fourth Series" of school bonds was voted on January 30, 
1923, and was for $150,000 five per cent bonds; $100,000 of these 
bonds were "Refunding" bonds to replace the former $100,000 six 
per cent bonds; the other $50,000 were for building purposes. 

The Third Series of $100,000 was taken up and replaced with 
five per cent bonds. This Fourth Series are serial bonds and after 
1928 $5,000 will be paid off each year till all of this series shall be 

The following is a simple statement of the outstanding Henderson 
Graded School bonds at this date, August 1, 1923. 

First Series $ 6,000.00 

Second Series 30,000.00 

Third Series NONE 

Fourth Series 150,000.00 

Total bonded indebtedness $186,000.00 

The proceeds from the sale of these bonds have been faithfully in- 
vested in the purchase of sites and the erection of school build- 
ings. All of the bonds were sold above par and accrued interest. 
Not a dollar of the money has been lost by bad investment; rather, 
there has been enhanced value in every instance. 

3ns;urance Statement 

Building Valuation Ins'd.For Furniture Ins'd.For 

High School $40,000.00 

Central School 40,000.00 

North Henderson 8,000.00 

South Henderson 30,000.00 

(Keepers Lodge) 600.00 

West End 30,000.00 

Clark Street 30,000.00 

Wortham 900.00 

Harris 600.00 

Teacherage 10,000.00 

Central Colored 30,000.00 

Nuthush and Greystone. . . 400.00 

The insurance business is distributed among the various Insur- 
ance Agencies of Henderson as follows: 

Henderon Loan and Real Estate Company $44,100.00 

Land Money and Insurance 27,000.00 

Citizens Bank and Trust Company 20,550.00 

G. W. Adams 20,000.00 

J. C. Cooper 19,550.00 

Southern Loan and Realty Company 18,300.00 

Citizens Realty and Loan Company 18,600.00 































Salaries; ^aitr for ^ear 1922=1923 

J. T. Alderman, Superintendent $2,700.00 

G. C. Davidson, Principal High School 2,670.00 

Claudia Hunter 1,200.00 

Ruth Roth 1,200.00 

Mary* Dozier 1,200.00 

May Hunter 1,200.00 

Lucy Kittrell 1,200.00 

Mrs. Wm. Couch 1,200.00 

Melita Cook 1,080.00 

E. S. Johnson 1,800.00 

Mary Young 990.00 

Susan Kelly 945.00 

Mildi-ed Cunningham, Principal Central School 1,350.00 

Julia Thomas 855.00 

Lucy Smithwick 945.00 

Minnie L. Franklin , 945.00 

Mildred Upton 630.00 

Alieene Wiggins 990.00 

Alice Cheek 765.00 

Mrs. J. T. Fesperman 810.00 

Mrs. J. P. Griggs, (7 months) 700.00 

Mrs. C. M. Cooper, (2 months) 200.00 

Kathleen Moss 720.00 

Lillian Jordan 765.00 

Belle Graham 945.00 

Elizabeth Graham 900.00 

Susan Lamb 945.00 

Annette Sturges 810.00 

Gladys Umstead , 855.00 

Mary Belle Gary 855.00 

Gary W. Gilkeson 720.00 

Matilda Lamb 475.00 

Agnes Pegram, Principal North Henderson School 1,035.00 

Mrs. Irene Turner 945.00 

Patty Perry 945.00 

Ruth Carter 810.00 

Sallie Mae Willis 765.00 

Helen Mustian 810.00 

Mrs. J. W. Rose 765.00 

Martha Pond, (6 months) 365.50 

Beatrice Tucker, (7 months) 375.00 

Mrs. J. R. Carroll 945.00 

Mariel Gary, Principal South Henderson School $ 1,015.00 

Mildred Ellis 720.00 

Grey Sellers , 585.00 

Sally Lou Davis 810.00 

Lottie Edwards 765.00 

Ann Louis Jones 855.00 

Mrs. Dovie Jordan, (6 months) 360.00 

Bessie Lou Collins 630.00 

Mrs. Dorsey Hart 540.00 

Lettie Crouch, (allowed for last year) 85.00 

Office help , 122.00 

Coloreb ^Teacfjerss 

J. Y. Eaton, Principal Colored School 990.00 

Mary A. Eaton 675.00 

Sally A. Eaton 675.00 

Estelle G. Nichols 630.00 

Mary E. Byrd , 630.00 

Mary Ida Hart 630.00 

Sallie P. Eaton 630.00 

Emma Wilson 585.00 

Helen B. Holmes 585.00 

Jane H. Howell 585.00 

Lucy A. Eaton 630.00 

Maggie L. Fuller 450.00 

Lillian V. Wyche 585.00 

Coresce Eaton 65.00 

Catharine Morton 40.00 


Virgil Gales, (Central School) 450.00 

Lottie Davis, sweeper for Virgil 108.00 

George Hawkins, High School 450.00 

Mrs. F. B. Cooper, North Henderson 270.00 

A. T. Vernon, South Henderson 260.00 

Grand Marable, Primary 180.00 

For Colored School 140.00 

For service at other schools 54.00 

mtntoty for 1922=1923 

J. T. Alderman, Superintendent 

G. C. Davidson, Principal 

G. C. Davidson Latin 

Claudia Hunter Commercial Subjects and History 

Melita Cook . Mathematics 

Ruth Roth . . ., Latin and French 

Mrs. Wtlliam A. Couch English 

Mart Dozier Latin and Civics 

May Hunter English and History 

Lucy Kittrei.l Mathematics 

E. S. Johnson Science and Athletics 

Mary Young 7th Grade 

Susan Kelly 7th Grade 

Central ^cfjool 

Mildred Cunningham. Principal 

Annette Sturges First Grade 

Gladys Umstead First Grade 

Susan Lamb First Grade 

Mary Belle G.\ry First Grade 

Mildred Cunningham Second Grade 

Julia Thomas Second Grade 

Matilda Lamb Second Grade 

Gary Gilkeson . . Second Grade 

Lucy Smithwick Third Grade 

Minnie Franklin Third Grade 

Mildred Upton Third Grade 

Alieene Wiggins. Fourth Grade 

AI.ICE Cheek Fourth Grade 

Mrs. J. T. Fesperman Fourth Grade 

Mrs. C. M. Cooper Fifth Grade 

Kathleen Moss , Fifth Grade 

Lillian Jordan Fifth Grade 

Belle Graham Sixth Grade 

Elizabeth Graham Sixth Grade 

^orti) ^tnttvaon Retool 

Agnes L. Pegkam, Principal 

Agkes Pegram First Grade 

Mrs. Irene Turner First Grade 

Beatrice Tucker First Grade 

Patty Perry Second Grade 

Martha Pond Second Grade 

Ruth Carter Third Grade 

Sallie Mae Willis Fourth Grade 

Mrs. J. W. Rose Fifth Grade 

Helen Mustian Sixth and Seventh Grades 

Mrs. J. R. Carroll Wortham School 

Mabiel G.yry, Principal 

Ann Louis Jones First Grade . 

Mildred Ellis. . ., First Grade 

Grey Sellers Second Grade 

Mrs. Dovie C. Jordan Second Grade 

Lottie Edwards. Third Grade 

Sallie Lou Da\t^s Fourth Grade 

Mariel Gary Fifth Grade 

Bessie Lou Collins West End School 

Mrs. Dorsey Hart Harris School 

Coloreb Retools; 

J. Y. Eaton, Principal 

Mary E. Byrd First Grade 

Jane Howell First Grade 

Estelle Nichols Second Grade 

Sally F. Eaton Second Grade 

Helen Holmes , Third Grade 

Mary Hart Third Grade 

Maggie Fuller Fourth Grade 

Sally A. Eaton Fourth Grade 

Emma Wilson Fifth Grade 

Mary A. Eaton Sixth Grade 

Lucy A. Eaton , Greystone School 

Lillian Wyche Nutbush School 

Catharine Morton Supply 

J. Y. Eaton Higher Grades 


ViBGiL Gales Central School 

George Hawkins High School 

Mbs. F. B. Cooper North Henderson 

A. T. Vernon South Henderson 

Colored School 

of Jlenbers^on 

I have made considerable effort to get information about tbe 
old time schools in the community. I have found no record or 
tradition of a school in this section prior to 1817. There had 
been good schools in Williamsboro many years before that 

Dr. R. J. Gill gave me some facts as they came to him when 
a boy. Mrs. I. J. Young became interested in assisting me and 
has rendered valuable service in securing material for a sketch 
of the schools of long ago. Our esteemed townswoman, Mrs. 
Sallie E. Kerner, furnished much of the information about 
the old time schools. She is endowed with a wonderful mem- 
ory and had the facts from her mother who lived here and was 
a student in the schools in the early part of last century. I 
wish to express my hearty thanks to these and others who 
aided me. 

In 1817 Jesse J. Kelly, great grandfather of Miss Susan Kel- 
ly, taught in a grove where the station of the Southern Rail- 
Avay now stands. He was only sixteen years old at the time 
but "kept" a good school. Elizabeth Reavis, a six year old 
daughter of Lewis Reavis, attended this school. Elizabeth 
Reavis married Lewis Kittle and was the mother of Mrs. 

From 1818 to 1822 Miss Drucilla Macon boarded in the 
homie of Lewis Reavis and taught a school for girls at Chalk 
Level ; Elizabeth Reavis attended this school during those years. 
At the same time there was a school for boys at Chalk Level. 

In 1823 Lewis Reavis taught a school in a small house near 
where Mr. A. J. Harris now lives. Lewis Reavis lived to the 
right, and a short distance beyond the colored cemetery. The 
old Reavis burying ground lies between the Reavis home and 
the colored cemetery. About 1825 Lewis Reavis built the 
house in front of the law building, and the Reavis family lived 
there many years. This was an old time tavern where many 

14 Henderson Public Schools 

prominent men stopped on their trips north and south. Later 
it was occupied by Mr. J. W. Beck. 

In 1825 Miss Caroline Ruffin of jSTorfolk taught in a building 
where the colored college has since been located. There was once 
a Methodist church there known as Rock Springs. 

Thomas Reavis, a brother of Lewis, was educated by his fath- 
er for a teacher. He taught in this vicinity during the yeai's 
between 1830-1840. 

The year 1838 was an important period because the Raleigh 
and Gaston Rail Road reached Chalk Level and the event was 
duly celebrated by the community. For a time this was the 
stopping place for travel. Chalk Level seems to have been 
quite a community center long before the advent of the Rail 
Road. There were several stores, an old time Inn or Tavern, 
blacksmith shops, a number of residences, and other utilities 
common to a country village. There were two schools, one for 
boys, and one for girls. Sentiment appeared to be unfavorable to 
coeducation in those days. Chalk Level was the stopping place 
for stage coaches passing on the muddy highway from Halifax 
to Hillsboro as well as for those passing from Raleigh to the 
north. Remains of these old roads can now be traced for 
miles. The large A. A. C. fertilizer plant is on a part of the 
old Chalk Level site. 

By the latter part of 1838 the railroad had been completed 
two miles farther south and the contractors reported to the 
authorities that they had established a staion one and a half 
miles west of Chalk Level. It is quite certain that substantial 
inducements caused the Railroad Co., to select the present site 
for a station. 

Mrs. Kerner relates the following interesting facts concerning 
the naming of the new station : Lewis Reavis and Judge Hen- 
derson were great friends. It was decided to have a barbecue 
and picnic at Rock Spring and on that occasion to secure the 
consensus of opinion for a name for the place. Owing to the 
fact that Reavis had deeded ten acres to the Railroad some 
one proposed to give the place the name "Reavisville." 
Lewis Reavis himself moved that it be named Henderson, in 
honor of his friend. Judge Henderson. The motion was unau- 

Henderson Public Schools 15 

imously adopted. The time when this barbecue was given is 
still uncertain. Henderson is mentioned before 1837. 

The new town, Henderson, received its charter in 1841. Some 
years later there was an amendment to the charter, the 
bill called for a circle with a radius of 1500 yards; the clerk 
made a slight mistake and wrote it 1500 miles. 

January 24, 1843, the legislature incorporated the "Henderson 
Male Academy." The Academy grounds were just west of 
Mr. I. J. Young's residence in a grove of oaks. The trustees 
named in the incorporation were : John D. Hawkins, F. Haw- 
kins, Wesley Young, D. E. Young, Triplett T. Estees, Alex- 
ander Butler, Protheus E. A. Jones, Dr. J. B. Debnam, William 
J. Andrews, E. P. Hughes and Alexander I^uttall. 

Rev. R. H. Chapman was principal in 1843. 

A State record shows that Wm. H. Bass and R. Macon 
taught in Henderson about that time. 

A State record says that in 1848 the Henderson Male 
Academy was in a flourishing condition. 

In 1848 Archibald Turner lived where Mr. J. T. Marrow 
lives now; he ran a saAv mill where the John Watkins lumber 
house stands. Turner employed a number of teachers and had 
a school taught in a boarding house on the lot now occupied by 
the Sarah Elizabeth Hospital. One of his teachers was Miss 
Lizzie Candie from the north. 

About the same time Miss Frances Arundell of Louisburg 
taught a private school for little children in Henderson. 

In 1849 or 1850 Col. Protheus E. A. Jones, a lawyer, built 
a house on the site now occupied by our present Mayor, S. R. 
Chavasse, Across Chavasse Avenue, in a beautiful grove, Col. 
Jones put up a large roomy school building. The grove has 
long since disappeared and the grounds are covered by resi- 
dences. Col. Jones secured teachers from the north and while 
he did not teach himself, he conducted a most excellent school 
for girls. Some of his teachers were : Miss Martha Crandle, a 
Miss Harris from. Connecticut, Misses Lizzie and Mary Grote 
from Vermont and a Miss Towsley. Perhaps Miss Frances 
Arundell taught in this school. She was a very popular teacher 
and her memory has been perpetuated in the names of children 
long after. The Jones family later moved to Raleigh. 

16 Henderson Public Schools 

About 1851 Prof. Jolin J. Wyche took charge of the Hender- 
son Male Academy. He was an unusually well prepared scholar 
and teacher. He taught eight languages as well as all branches 
of mathematics and the sciences of the day. He prepared a 
large number of young men for college. 

It is understood that Dr. W. F. Tillett, Dean of Vanderbuilt 
University, received his training under "Wyche in Henderson. 
John Reavis and Prof. Turner M. Jones — afterward President 
of Warrenton and Louisburg Colleges for girls — were 
graduates of Randolph-Macon College. Another of Wyche's 
pupils was Lewis Butler of Arkansas who later became city at- 
torney of St. Louis. Others were Col. A. B. Andrews, William 
Jones, Edmund Brodie and Henry G. Turner, a son of Archi- 
bald Turner named above. Turner went to Georgia and Avas a 
member of Congress from that state for twenty-four consecutive 

The Bracy Military School was housed in the Henderson 
Male Academy one year about 1855. Bracy and his wife were 
popular and were fine musicians. They remained in Henderson 
only a short time. 

"The Henderson Female Academy" was incorporated in 1855 ; 
the trustees were : James Stamper, Lewis Brodie, Ellis Young, 
Parry Wyche, Lewis Kittle and Thomas Blacknall. The acade- 
my building Avas located in a grove where Dr. W. W. Parker's 
dwelling is today; there was a central large room with two 
wings. The first teachers were Amanda S^vain, Helen Swain, 
and Lizzie Timanus, all graduates of Patapsco college, Mary- 
land. On the opening day of the school, Amanda Swain rang a 
new hand bell to call the girls in the first time ; that bell is now 
in possession of Mrs. Kerner of our city. There Avere about 
seventy-five' girls in the school. 

Two young ladies named Phipps, from Virginia, had charge 
of the Female Academy in 1858 and 1859. 

In 1859 Daniel H. Christie of Virginia took charge of both 
schools the "Male Academy" and the "Female School." The 
schools were entirely separate having different faculties for 
each. Christie employed Gavin Lindsey to assist in the boys 
school. Christie was a military expert and drilled the boys 
every day. 


Henderson Public Schools 17 

Tlie teachers for the girls were : Lavinia Gorse, Genevia 
O'Bryan, and Mrs. Christie. Miss O'Bryaii of Oxford, was 
music teacher; Miss Gorse seems to have been a strong and 
valuable teacher, but having come from the north her senti- 
ments in those strenuous times at the opening of the civil war 
were entirely with the north and against the south. Feeling be- 
came so bitter that she had to resign and go back to Schoharie, 
her home in New York. Both schools were very prosperous 
under the management of Col. Christie. He had a number of 
the advanced boys go to the girls academy to recite their lan- 
guage lessons to Miss Gorse. This created great rivalry be- 
tween the boys and girls as each was determined, under the in- 
spiration of Miss Gorse, to excel. One boy is still on record as 
having studied day and night determined that his sweet-heart 
should not beat him. 

In the latter part of 1860 Christie left the schoolroom and 
assisted in organizing the Twenty-third N. C. Regiment. He 
was commissioned Major, but was later promoted to higher 

After Colonel Christie left the school, Miss Clara Scarboro, a 
young lady w^ho had come from "up Hudson" in iN'ew York to 
teach at Pittsboro, N^. C, came to Henderson and had charge of 
the girls' school. She stayed about two years in the work here ; 
she boarded w4th Mrs. Kerner and they became intimate 
friends. Miss Polly Yancey assisted her with the music ; Miss 
Martha Hicks also taught with her. As the war went on Miss 
Scarboro became very desirous to go back to her home in New 
York. At that time it was almost impossible to get through 
the lines as both armies were strictly guarding everywhere. 
There was a man, Elihu Burnett from JSTew York, here very sick 
with consumption; he wanted to get back to his home before 
he should die ; Miss Scarboro hoped to get through with him, but 
in this she failed. She then went back to Pittsboro and after- 
wards married a man in Pittsboro named Martin. She had seven 
daughters ; one of them, Ella, married Mr. Frank Page, the 
excellent highway supervisor of ISTorth Carolina. 

About the close of the Avar Frederick and Charles Fetter took 
charge of the Henderson Male Academy ; later they were joined 
2 , 


18 Henderson Public Schools 

loj their father, Manuel Fetter. The Fetters were well known 
educators and drew patronage from other parts of the state. A 
number of prominent men received their academic training here 
with the Fetters. Such men as Judge Francis D. "Winston were 
trained by the Fetters while in Henderson. 

Capt. W. J. Robards taught awhile with the Fetters and then 
taught by himself. 

In the fall of 1873 the Homers, Rev. Thomas, and his son, 
Prof. W. D. Horner, took charge of the Henderson Male Acade- 
my and for about twenty years made it one of the leading 
schools of ISTorth Carolina. The good that they accomplished 
in shaping the lives and character of the young men, as 
well as the unheralded services rendered freely for the needy 
and the less fortunate boys and girls in this community, will 
be revealed only when the final accounts shall be cast up. 
Samples of their work are found iu the lives of such men as 
Rev. B. W. Spillman, D.D., Governor Locke Craig, Stephen B. 
"Weeks, Judge H. A. Foushee, and many others. For some years 
the Horner school was a successful military institution. 

About 1871 Mr. Len Henderson and daughter Fanny, had 
a school where Mr. A. J. Harris lives. Later C. G. Daven- 
port opened a school for boys and girls in Henderson. In 
the early eighties G. D. Elsworth had a school about the crossing 
of Rowland and Rock Spring streets; he later moved to the 
western part of the town. In 1884 or 1885 he received an ap- 
pointment to a position in Washington which he still holds. 

Some years ago a number of the business men of the town 
desired to establish a school of high grade for girls here. They 
organized a company, secured subscriptions and built "The Hen- 
derson Female College." The board of managers elected Prof. 
J. M. Rhodes as first president of the college. He held the posi- 
tion less than two years when owing to some misunderstanding 
Rhodes resigned and went to Littleton. 

Superintendent D. S. Allen taught for awhile about 1888. In 

1889 W. y. Savage conducted the Male Academy but left in 

1890 to enter the ministry. Mr. J. A, Gilmer had the school 
for some years y,^e left in 1899 and entered the ministry of the 
Presbyterian church. 

Henderson Public Schools 19 

This by no means gives a full account of the good men who 
taught in Henderson before the opening of the Graded Schools 
in 1899. 

What shall we say of the women who for the last fifty 
years have endured the trials and hardships and have taught the 
children of the town when the odds were so strongly against 
them and their efforts. Beginning in the days of reconstruction 
when all seemed chaos they quietly trained the younger 
children for future citizenship and instilled into their young 
minds and hearts those principles of right living which have 
ripened into so many noble characters. 

N^ot being familiar with the times in Henderson it will 
be impossible to mention these women as they deserve. We can 
mention only a few and hope this will be a stimulus to others 
to write a fuller testimony of our gratitude to them for their 

Mrs. Mariah Parham and Mrs. W. D. Horner for long years 
conducted a school of excellent worth and many of our best 
women will always feel the stimulation they received under the 
tuition of these saintly women. Mrs. Parham has gone to her 
reward, Mrs. Horner is still with us going about doing good. 

Mrs. Willis Eowland taught in the Louisburg College, some 
colleges in Virginia, then came to Henderson. Those who knew 
her speak in the highest terms of her and her Avork. Her school 
was in one end of the town while Mrs. Parham and Mrs. Horner 
were in another. Each school had about thirty-five girls, which 
was an excellent showing considering the conditions of the small 
town. These good women had a hard fight against the evil 
tendencies of the times, but with a strong determination they 
accomplished great things for many of the strong women who 
now shape the destinies of Henderson. Mrs. Rowland was 
an excellent teacher and had been called upon to train girls 
all the way through college. She has passed away, but her 
influence abides in the lives of many who cherish her mem- 
ory. She and her sister, Mrs. Averett, conducted the school 
where W. B. Daniel now lives and on the opposite side of the 
street, now a vacant lot. 

Miss Eugenia Thrower had a good school on Clark Street 
under the name "Maplehurst School;" she and Mrs. Pittman did 

20 Hendeeson Public Schools 

the town a great service in training the children under their 
charge. Miss Mariah Duty conducted a school on Charles 
Street for years before the opening of the city schools. Many of 
the men remember her as a strong and efficient teacher of boys of 
those times. Mrs. Joe Harris was a teacher a long time in 
Henderson. Mrs. IST. W. Garden taught the little public school. 
Mrs. Garden was one of the few who held the highest state cer- 
tificates, as the records in Raleigh show. A bare mention is 
all that can be given to others; Miss Emma Hood, Mrs. Nor- 
wood, Mrs. Junius Daniel. Mrs. Daniel was later a member of 
the Board of Trustees of the city graded schools. There was a 
Mrs. Phillips who had a school on Garnet and' Spring streets in 
1865. Miss Partridge in early times had a school where the 
W. E, Gary family now lives. 

Miss Elizabeth Colton taught with Prof. Gilmer for a while. 
She w^as a very highly educated young lady. After leaving 
Henderson she was for some years in the faculty of Meredith 
College at Raleigh. 

After the Fair went down years ago, Mrs. Collins Parham 
and Mrs. Billy Cheatham taught in the old Floral Hall which 
was near where the stand pipe is now. 

Mrs. Phillips, Misses Jennie and Fannie Buford conducted 
school in the Henderson Female College for awhile in the 
early nineties. They employed teachers from colleges in the 
north but they could not secure sufficient patronage to continue. 

These are only a few of the host of excellent women who 
trained the children of the tow^l in the private schools; others 
whose names are not known to the writer deserve honorable 
mention and he delegates this important and pleasant duty to 
some one familiar with the times. 

The people of Henderson were dependent upon the dozen 
or more private schools for the education of the children. JSTo 
criticism can be made against these schools as to the quality 
of the work; but there was no cooperation, no correlation or 
system, no systematic gradation, nothing to develop a town 
pride or regard for a finely developed system of schools. 

The little free school down by the cemetery was held virtu- 
ally in contempt, the people were averse to patronizing ''free 

Henderson Public Schools 21 

schools." Later a better public school building was put out on 
west Chestnut Street, but it did not fare much better. 

tKfje #ratieti ^cfjools; 

The summer of 1899 found the citizens of Henderson deeply 
agitated on the school question. Every town of its size in the 
country had a system of graded schools; what was the trouble 
with Henderson? A mass meeting was called; the people were 
there ; Avays and means were discussed. 

There was no money on hand available for this purpose. 
It was not within the jurisdiction of the county commissioners 
to levy an extra tax, besides it was too late as the meeting 
was held in August. Notwithstanding all obstacles a resolu- 
tion was unanimously adopted to raise the money by private 
subscriptions and start the school. The meeting en masse 
elected a Board of Trustees to hold office until the legislature 
should make provision for the school. The trustees elected 
were : Rev. J. D. Hufham, D.D., D. Y. Cooper, C. A. Lewis, 
J. L. Curren, G. A. Rose, W. E. Gary, Dr. F. R. Harris, J. T. 
Elmore and J. B. Owen. 

Later the trustees met and elected Dr. Hufham, chairman, 
G. A. Rose, secretary and J. B. Owen, treasurer. During the 
first two years the schools were in a large measure supported by 
money paid in by the citizens. J. T. iVlderman was elected 
superintendent ; six teachers were selected to take the grades. 
They were Lemme Jordan, Charlotte Young, Leona Curren, 
Birdie Watson, Fannie Alston, Mrs. !N". W. Garden and Lila 
Tucker. The old Ford tobacco warehouse was purchased, re- 
modled and prepared for occupancy. Three hundred new 
single desks and other modern equipments were purchased. The 
schools opened October 30, 1899. 

In order to preserve a history of the schools a great many 
item.s and incidents could be included in this sketch which 
would be interesting in after years. A cut of the first faculty 
including Amy Butler, who assisted that year, is presented. 

The enrollment the first year was 365 with an average at- 
tendance of 225. The year 1900-1901 was about as the former, 
just a few more pupils enrolled and a higher average attend- 

22 Henderson Public Schools 

ance. This year branch schools were established near the 
northern and the southern borders of the town. Mrs. Horner, 
Lucy Davis, Jessie Page and Amy Butler were added to the 
list of regular teachers. 


The Legislature of 1901 prepared a charter for the Hender- 
son Graded Schools which was adopted by popular vote of 
Henderson Township. The vote on adopting the charter was, 
'Tor Schools," 456, "Against Schools," 10. Of those who voted 
against schools five were negroes. 

Unfortunately the maximum special tax for the schools al- 
lowed was twenty cents on the hundred dollars worth of taxable 
property. On account of this limitation we have never been 
able to secure money enough to run the schools as we would 
like to have done; the efficiency of the schools has been contin- 
ually hampered. 

The full text of the charter and all amendments will be 
found in the last few pages of this pamphlet. 

Poarb of ^rusfteesi 

The first trustees, nine in number, Avere elected at a mass 
meeting of the people in Burwell Hall. The charter continued 
the plan of having nine trustees ; at first the trustees were elected 
by the board as a self perj)etuating body, later this was 
changed and they were elected by popular vote at the regular 
elections. Thirty-three good men and women have served as 
trustees of the schools. Their services have been freely given 
without fee or the hope of reward. Seven of the number have 
been called to meet their final rewards. 

Twenty-four years have made great changes in the personnel 
in school boards, in fact, of the whole community. Your super- 
intendent remains alone as the sole representative of the first 
organization of the schools in 1899, as not one of the orig- 
inal board is now connected with the schools as trustee. As a 
matter of history the list of those who have served at some 
time as trustees, from the beginning of the schools in 1899 to 
July 1923, is here given. 

Henderson Public Schools 23 

ILi&t of Cmsitecs! anb Cime of ^erfaice 

*Rev. J. D. Hufham, D.D 1899-1904 

*D. Y. Cooper 1899-1919 

J. B. Owen 1899-1913 

Dr. F. R. Harris 1899-1914 

* J. L. Currin 1899-1909 

*W. E. Gary 1899-1904 

J. T. Elmore 1899-1901 

G. A. Rose 1899-1902 

C. A. Lewis 1899-1917 

*A. C. ZoIIicoffer 1901-1914 

*J. D. Cooper 1903-1909 

W. W. Parker 1905-1911 

G. B. Harris 1905-1911 

J. C. Kittrell 1912-1922 

J. P. Taylor 1912-1913 

Mrs. Junius Daniel 1912-1915 

R. R. Pinkston 1913-1919 

J. A. Moore 1914-1916 

S. P. Cooper 1913-1922 

J. I. Miller 1914-1919 

S. T. Peace 1914-1922 

B. F. Harris 1915-1918 

C. B. Cheatham 1916-1920 

J. D. Cooper, Jr 1916- 

W. T. Watkins 1917- 

W. C. Hight 1917- 

J. H. Bridgers 1918-1923 

J. R. Teague 1918- 

Mrs. Henry Perry 1920- 

Mrs. W. D. Burwell 1922- 

C. W. Finch - 1922- 

R. S. McCoin 1918-1919 

R. S. McCoin 1922- 

*C. S. Brewer 1919-1919 

Those Who Have Served as Chairman of the Board 

Rev. J. D. Hufham 1899-1903 

D. Y. Cooper 1903-1918 

J. C. Kittrell 1918-1922 

J. H. Bridgers 1922-1923 

W. T. Watkins 1923- 


24 Henderson Public Schools 

Those Who Have Served as Secretary of the Board 

G. A. Rose 1899-1902 

J. L. Currin 1902-1909 

C. A. Lewis 1909-1914 

J. C. Kittrell 1914-1916 

S. T. Peace 1916-1921 

J. R. Teague 1921- 

The scliools have been fortunate in securing a large number 
of good and conscientious teachers. Unfortunately we have 
not been in financial condition to pay them such salaries as 
their services have been worth to the town. They served well 
in the positions they held ; their names are inscribed in the 
permanent school records ; the results of their toilsome labors 
Avill remain and follow them long after their pilgrimage shall 
have ceased. Hundreds of their pupils will bless and hallow 
their memory, glorious rewards shall be revealed for them here- 
after. (A complete list of the teachers is included near the end 
of the report.) 

Business Department 

In the fall of 1901 Prof. W. R. Mills, a graduate of the 
Massey Business College of Richmond, Ya., was elected to open 
a Business Department in the Henderson Graded Schools. This 
was, perhaps, the first attempt of the kind in connection with 
the public schools in North Carolina. The department has 
been a great help to our young people; we have never been 
able to supply thq demand for those who had completed 
the work. Miss Claudia Hunter has had charge of this depart- 
ment for several years. 

^cJ)ool 3Recortis! 

A complete record of attendance of every boy and girl en- 
rolled in the schools since opening day, October 30, 1899, is 
on file in the office. Since 1906, the grade standing has 
been preserved in the original Registers. These registers 
have been bound for preservation. 

HENDERsoisr Public Schools 25 

About twelve years ago I decided to introduce a card filing 
arrangement so as to have easy of access the full standing, 
birth, parentage, health condition, and other facts about each 
pupil. This was my arrangement as I had seen none before. 
Officials, State and Federal have examined and highly approved 
our filing system. 

Since that time the State has introduced something simi- 
lar into the plan of keeping records in the various counties. 

Soon after the Graded Schools opened some friends suggested 
that we name a day for citizens to come in and contribute a 
book to start a school library. On the day named about 150 
books were laid on the superintendent's desk; this formed the 
nucleus of our library. Since that time frequent contributions 
have been made. The teachers and pupils gave concerts, vari- 
ous efforts were made to get books. The trustees were not 
in position to devote money to the library. During the years 
prior to 1916 we had on the shelves about one thousand good 
books for the children. 

For several years the schools have been pressed for room 
to take care of the children, so the book cases were moved 
out into the corridors and a grade seated in the library. 
Several hundred of the books have disappeared. The question 
of librarian has been a very puzzling one. But few are will- 
ing to do the work for nothing and we had no funds to pay 
for the service. 

About fifteen years ago I wrote to those who had the Car- 
negie Library distribution in hand. After some correspondence 
I got the promise of a $20,000 Carnegie Library building. But 
there were conditions. One was that we must secure an eligible 
site, the other was that the city must donate annually an 
amount equal to ten per cent of the investment for maintenance. 
x\fter consulting with several of the authorities I became dis- 
couraged and dropped the matter. 

I am rejoiced to learn of the generous proposition of the 
Perrys to establish a memorial to Leslie Perry. He was an 
excellent young man and the memorial is well deserved. Per- 
haps this will open the way for other philanthropic movements. 

26 Henderson Public Schools 

Suggestions! in Jformer l^cportsi 

In my report for 1903 I made tlie following statement: 
The following are some of the questions which will soon 
claim your attention : 

Free Kindergartens 

Manual Training 

School ownership of text-books 

School room decorations 

Physical examination of pupils 

Pupils eyes examined by skilled oculist 

Night Schools 

This was written twenty years ago; some of my recommen- 
dations have been put into operation, others will follow. 

My report for that year also contained the following: 

The County System 

Education should be made universal. The present plan of 
local taxation for better schools in certain localities is in the 
right direction, but this leaves large areas of intervening sections. 
These in the main are the weaker districts, and need the greater 

Let us abolish the District System, do away with local taxation, 
and make the general public fund ample, place schools wherever 
they are needed, and established one or more public high schools in 
each county. ^i^v 

In my report for 1906 I had the following: 

I appeal to the mothers and other earnest women of Henderson for 
organized assistance in bringing the children into the schools. I 
have the highest commendation for womans club organizations, 
great good is to be accomplished by them. Here is an opportunity 
for specific tangible work in philanthropy among the children. In- 
different and heartless parents should be appealed to as only 
good women can do. Should the children, sometimes helpless or- 
phans, need clothing, books, or even food, this is a great opportun- 
ity for service that coincides with the spirit of true religion as 
presented in the Bible. 

This appeal seventeen years ago was in a measure prophetic 
of the 

Henderson Public Schools 27 

This Association lias a great field for exerting its influence 
and power. 

Parents have been prone too much to regard the teacher as a 
nurse and the school as a nursery. They may be that but the 
school should not be considered merely as a place to get rid of 
the children during the day. Our schools must be developed as 
institutions of learning and not as places to relieve parents of 
duties that belong to the home. 

The Henderson Graded Schools were organized in the old 
Ford warehouse on Breckenbridge Street. "We had bought 
that property at a very low price and had cut the building up 
into eight classrooms, upper and lower halls, an ofiice for the 
superintendent, storerooms, and a well arranged toilet system in 
the basement as well as large playrooms. The heat was fur- 
nished by direct steam from a boiler outside the building. The 
remodeling was well planned and all was made convenient 
for the accommodation of the school. In fact it was too con- 
venient ; the people for several years would not take steps 
to have a better one. During the six years we occupied the 
old building, excellent work was done in giving tone to the 
work contemplated in a graded school system. 

In 1903 the exhibit of work from the Henderson schools was 
awarded the gold medal at the State Fair in Raleigh as 
the best exhibit from any school in the State; besides we 
received several cash prizes and blue ribbons. The gold medal 
is in the school safe. 

Central School 

On April 11, 1905, the people of the township voted a bond 
issues of $20,000, five per cent' bonds for the purpose of putting 
up a modern school building. The building was completed in 
the spring of 1906. These bonds were serial and at this date, 
1923, we have paid all but $6,000 of that issue. The Central 
building was at that time the best school building in this 
part of the state, very few better anywhere. The plan for 

28 Henderson Public Schools 

the building was worked out by your superintendent and given 
to a Charlotte architect to develop. I have been accustomed 
to say "This is my building." This building and grounds 
equipped cost around $25,000, While it was going up people 
came to me and said, "What are you putting up such a build- 
ing for ? You will never fill it." It was my purpose to convert 
this building into a city High School as soon as other primary 
or ward schools could be provided. It is centrally located and 
will serve the purpose admirably till the city shall be able 
to spend several hundred thousand dollars for ornamentation 
and show. This building, Avas first occupied May 13, 1906. 

It was not long before the building was over-run with pupils. 
We sent out a colony to I^orth Henderson and one to Souih 
Henderson, but still they came and we could not accommodate 
the children. 

It was evident that Ave must have more room, so it Avas 
decided to put up a building exclusiA'ely for the high school. 

Present High School Building 

On April 8, 1913, the people voted for $30,000 school bonds 
for the erection of a high school building. These bonds are 
not serial, but Avill become due as a Avhole in 1943. I was 
aAvay at the time this building was planned. Some defects 
in the arrangement could be over-come at no great cost. The 
building is too near the street ; there is but little basement 
space and the toilet arrangements are not in keeping with 
school architecture and convenience. The original lot and 
building cost about $30,000. Recently nearly two acres have 
been added in rear of the building which makes a fine athletic 
field. This building was first occupied by the high school 
January 5, 1915. 

The building could be remodeled and converted into a school 
for lower grades of First Ward. 

ISToRTH Henderson 

We opened a branch of the graded schools in a little school 
building owned by the mill authorities in the fall of 1901. 
The building was by no means large enough so rooms were 

Henderson Public Schools 29 

added. In tlie spring of 1914 we purchased a whole square 
some distance north of the mill and put up the present build- 
ing ; the lot and building cost about $8,000. 

Unfortunately this plant is away from water and sewer 
connection and it has been a serious problem to provide heat 
and satisfactory sanitary conditions. This building has eight 
rooms and should have four more ; also the conditions mentioned 
above arranged. A janitor's house on or near the grounds 
should be provided for the protection of the property. 

SorTH Henderson 

This branch of the schools was started in 1901 in the Horner 
school building. In the spring of 1906 a very good frame 
structure was erected at a cost of $2,000 for lot and house. 
Since that time the size of the lot has been increased so that 
there are now about three acres. This school is also outside 
of water and sewer limits. After a short time one room 
was divided, then another added until there were five patched up 
rooms for the housing of the children who crowded into the 
school. The present modern building was erected in the fall 
of 1922 and was occupied first January, 1923. It is a modern, 
fire-proof building, with approved smoke towers and made 
convenient in all respects except the lack of play rooms. This 
building, equipment and grounds cost about $32,000. A very 
good janitor's house has been built on the lot. 

"West End School 

This building was constructed in the winter of 1922 and 
will be occupied at the beginning of the next term. There 
are about three acres in the lot costing $5,000. The building 
with its equipments will represent a cost of $32,000. It is 
a fire-proof construction with modern smoke towers and well 
arranged in all respects except for the lack of basement accom- 
modations for cold weather. At small cost basement arrange- 
ments can be made. The lot furnishes large grounds for 

30 Henderson Public Schools 

Clark Street School 

The lot for this school consists of near two acres and cost 
$7,800. While not attractive this building is a modern struc- 
ture in all respects except ornamentation. It forms a unit 
to which additions can be made without destroying the use- 
fulness of any part or marring the symmetry of the architec- 
ture. If these new buildings had been faced with pressed 
brick they would have been much more attractive. 

Excavation was not made for basements but the walls were 
footed low enough so that this can be done at any time. Also 
additional toilets can be placed in the basements. This school 
will be occupied at the opening of the fall term. The cost of 
the building is about $32,000 with the equipments. This 
school building is on Clark Street near the place where "Maple- 
hurst" school was located. 

WoRTHAM School 

In the fall of 1906 we opened a school in a pretty little 
building about three miles from to^m on the road to Frank 
Wortham's place. The acre of ground and the building cost 
$850. Another room should be added to this school to accom- 
modate the children. 

Harris School 

In the fall of 1903 a teacher was placed in an old store 
building at Harris Cross Roads to care for some children who 
lived from four to six miles from town. The new building was 
put in the wrong place as the road by the schoolhouse is the 
dividing line between Henderson and Dabney twonships. There 
is one acre in the lot; the cost of lot and building was $500. 
The present building was put there in 1906. 

Primary Grades in Old Baptist Church 

On account of crowded conditions four first grades and two 
second grades have been housed in the old Baptist church for 
the last two years. While the children have been in the 
main comfortable, conditions have been by no means satis 

South Henderson School Building 

West End School Building 

Clark Street School Buixding 

Henderson Public Schools 31 

factory. It cost the schools about $1,700 to fit up the old 
church so it could be used ; in addition we have paid a monthly 
rental of $65. 


Mr. E.. J. Corbitt generously tendered a large upper room 
at the Corbitt Filling Station for use in running a school for 
smaller grades of those children who were around the plant. 
Very good work has been done out there. This will not be 
continued as these children are near enough to attend the 
West End school. 

Colored School Building 

When the public schools of Henderson Township were taken 
over by the Graded Schools in 1901 the colored schools were 
included. At that time the school under the leadership of 
J. Y. Eaton was conducted on the slope of a hill some distance 
out on Orange Street in an old three-room building. Another 
room was added that year and still the school was crowded. 
In 1906 we bought the Burgwynn property, overhauled the 
building and j)repared it for the school. This is a large, 
three story brick building and room for seating about eight 
hundred children. In the fall of 1922, contract was let for 
modernizing the building by putting in approved fire towers, 
steam heat, and the best of equipments in all respects. It 
is now an up-to-date school building and as good as anybody 
can desire. 

The property originally cost the school board $4,000 and 
there has been expended on it since about $20,000. 

There are two branch schools for colored children. Grey- 
stone and ISTutbush. Both of them are situated on the edges 
of the township and give considerable trouble by being filled 
up with children outside the township. Committees have been 
appointed to look after locating these schools near some proper 

Teacher AGE 

On December 8, 1919, the school board bought the old Man- 
ning boarding house for a teacherage. The cost of this proper- 
ty has been very heavy to the board ; it was necessary to make 

32 Henderson Public Schools 

very expensive repairs so as to fit it for the occupancy of tlie 
teachers. This had to he done at a time when material and la- 
hor were high out of all reason. It is good property and is 
serving a good purpose in housing the teachers. 

Since the opening of our city high school three hundred 
girls and boys have been graduated and have received diplo- 
mas. A large per cent of the graduates went on to college, 
many of them received their college degrees and are now occu- 
pying places of trust and profit. Some day a sketch of them 
may be written and it will be interesting to know how many 
of them have attained more than an ordinary success. These 
young people are, without exception perhaps, a splendid 
moral force in their community and stand for civic righteous- 
ness and personal honor. They are destined to exert an in- 
fluence that shall demonstrate the fact that they are above 
the ordinary. 

A complete list of our graduates is inserted in the latter part 
of this report. Some of them have been called away while 
yet in the morning of life at a time when the allurements of a 
hopeful future beckon them on to ever expanding and brighter 

They were good and loyal pupils, we have often paused 
amidst the rounds of the daily duties, 

And sigh for the touch of a vanished hand, 
And the sound of a voice that is still. 

They were open-hearted and generous, they brought sun- 
shine and good-cheer into the hearts of their teachers 

And with the morn those angel faces smile, 
Which we have loved long since, and lost awhile. 

^uperintenbent 3R. (g. i^ittrcll 

The spring of 1917 found me unable to perform the duties 
encumbent uj^on the superintendent. I sent my resignation to 
the trustees. For the next year Mr. R. G. Kittrell, an ex- 
perienced and highly successful school man was elected to fill 

Hendebson Public Schools 33 

the place. He was a source of inspiration and it was easy 
for him to break up some of the ruts into which the school 
had drifted. The schools made progress under his management 
and many valuable changes were made. It was a good and 
successful year. 

(gollien ^nnibersfarp 

The close of the year rounds out my golden year as teacher, 
my first register (which is still among my papers) was opened 
in August 1873. At our last teachers meeting in May 
all of the 49 white teachers were present. All seeming vale- 
dictory sentiment had been excluded from discussion. Just as I 
dismissed them Miss Cunningham, one of the teachers, stepped 
out as spokesman for the others and said as it was my golden 
anniversary as teacher, the faculty determined to give a 
golden token of their affection and esteem. She then handed 
me a little box which I found contained fifty dollars in gold. 

Such kindness of heart from my teachers makes life worth 

^f)t jfiml^ of 1923 

A severe case of grip prevented my being present at the 
commencement, June 1, 1923. After the printed program 
had been concluded, two dear little girls drew to the front of 
the platform a tea-wagon on which was a beautiful silver ser- 
vice. The inscription engraved in the solid silver is : 





as a token of appreciation for his labors among them 


My heart responds to this token from the children, all of 
whom are dear to me, but words fail in the effort. I wish to 
express appreciation to Mrs. I. J. Young for the assistance she 
gave the little folks when they went to her for advice. 

The presentation in each case was a complete surprise to me. 
May the Lord deal graciously and bountifully in all good things 
to the teachers and my dear children. 

34 Hejvdeksois' Public Schools 

After a period of fifty years of confinement in the scliool room 
— twenty-four of them in Henderson — I feel it my duty to 
retire from the responsibilities resting upon a Superintendent. 
The people have been gracious to me and my family. Henderson 
is our home ; our children have grown up here ; our friends are 
here and we expect to remain among these good people. 

The trustees of the schools and I have worked together in 
harmony endeavoring to make the schools of the greatest value 
to the people of the community. From the first we have been 
badly hampered from lack of money to run the schools as we 
desired. So many things have been left out because we could 
not pay for them. We did not hold the purse strings to the 
treasury and had to make out with what we could get. Hender- 
son Township paid around seventy per cent of all school taxes 
of the county and got back for the Henderson schools about forty 
per cent of the school funds. This has been the condition we 
have had to face for many years. 

jSTo one can know what a cross it is and will be to give up the 
work in the school which has grown up a part of me and in 
which my whole being has been so deeply concerned. I have 
nourished it through its infancy and now as it reaches its ma- 
jority when it expands and develops into an institution of the 
long hoped for usefulness, I must turn over the helm to another. 

With hearty appreciation for the consideration of our friends 
and with unfeigned good will for all, this the twenty-fourth 
annual report comes to a close. .< 

/; »/. ^'^^0^>CyUt'''wu<t.>'t'<^ 

Henderson Public Schools 


Report of Higf) ^cfjool principal 

Prof. J. T. Alderman^ Superintendent. 

Dear Sir : — I herewith respectfully submit my annual report 

concerning the work of the Henderson High School for the 

school year beginning September 17, 1922, and ending June 1, 


According to our records the enrollment by grade and sex 

has been as follows: 

Boys Girls Total 

Eighth grade 30 37 67 

Ninth grade 18 30 48 

Tenth grade 26 20 46 

Eleventh grade 12 23 35 


This is an increase of 29 over 1921-22. 
The average attendance has been: 


Eighth grade 24 

Ninth grade 16 

Tenth grade 22 

Eleventh grade 11 













73 91.6 164.6 

or 165 

This tabulation shows an increase of 12 in boys' attendance 
over year 1921-22, the average for girls being the same as that 
of last year. 

The following table shows the number of pupils dropping 
out of each grade during the past school year: 

Boys Girls Total 

Eighth grade 9 5 14 

Ninth grade 3 3 6 

Tenth grade 3 2 5 

Eleventh grade 1 1 

16 10 26 

196 — 26 = 170, number completing school year. 

36 Hendeeson Public Schools 

When the fact that several pupils drop out of school by the 
middle of the year is considered, the average attendance dur- 
ing the past year has been very creditable. There was no 
disease epidemic during the school year, but influenza inter- 
rupted school attendance to some extent. 

Promotions on the year's work show up creditably, only 
27 pupils failing of promotion — 16 per cent. 

Boys Girls Total 

Eighth grade 15 22 37 

Ninth grade 13 25 38 

Tenth grade 19 15 34 

Eleventh grade 11 23 34 

58 85 143 

Pollowing is the record by grades and sex for all pupils 
who were in school at least two-thirds of the school year : 

Boys Girls Total 

Eighth grade 21 32 53 

Ninth grade 15 27 42 

Tenth grade 23 18 41 

Eleventh grade 11 23 34 

70 100 170 

Final examinations are given three times each year. Out 
of three thousand possible term failures there were only two 
hundred during the past year. This is a percentage of 6-/^. 

The record of our high school graduates now in college is 
the best proof of the work that the school has done. Our 
graduates are standing well in their classes at the university 
and at the various colleges elsewhere in this state and in other 
states. Twenty out of thirty-four graduates this year will go 
to college. 

During the past five years the number of graduates has 
been as follows : 

Boys Girls Total 

1919 5 9 14 

1920 6 8 14 

1921 8 22 30 

1922 5 12 17 

1923 11 23 34 

35 74 109 













Henderson Public Schools 37 

To college: 


1919 3 

1920 6 

1921 7 

1922 5 

1923 9 

30 40 70 

The work of the various departments in the high school has 
been done in highly creditable manner in nearly every instance, 
and high standards of achievement have been the constant aim 
of the instructors. The successful results of the year have 
been due to the loyalty and cooperation of the high school 
teachers in the faithful performance of their duties, and to 
the ready and cheerful response coming from our excellent 
body of high school pupils. 

Another step in the expansion of the school was taken last 
summer when a male teacher was secured to take charge of 
the science department and to act as athletic director for the 
school. Mr. Elby S. Johnson, of Greensboro, JST. C, an all- 
round athlete, a capable young teacher, and a most estimable 
young man, was secured for the work mentioned. He strength- 
ened the science department considerably, not only by his 
courses of instruction but also by actual additions of labora- 
tory equipment, for the purchase of which he earned the money. 
A suitable laboratory is greatly needed. 

In athletics, the high school made a creditable record for the 
the first year under a regular coach. The school put into the 
field strong teams in football, basket-ball, and base-ball. All 
these teams were contenders in the state championship series. 
A start was also made in training track teams. The aim in 
all sports has been clean sportsmanship. All money expended 
for athletics has been raised by the Athletic Association without 
charity. Free of debt. 

In this connection it is well to state that athletics in the 
high school has been the means of stimulating interest in 
studies on the part of a considerable number of pupils who 
otherwise would not have tried so hard to pass their work. 
Every boy and every girl (the girls' teams were coached by Miss 

38 Henderson Public Schools 

Eotli) was required to pass the majority of his school subjects 
every month in order to be eligible to membership on an athletic 
team; and the State high school regulations require every stu- 
dent to have passed at least one term of work before he is 
permitted to play in any championship game. Scholarship 
comes first; athletics, second. 

The business department in the high school has done good 
work under Miss Claudia Hunter's direction, but for some rea- 
son only a few students pursue the business subjects. Unless 
there is an increased utilization of the advantages of this depart- 
ment in the school, I recommend that it be discontinued, at 
least temporarily. 

The additional work done in the English department during 
the past year is worthy of mention. A systematic program 
and record of parallel reading was instituted, by which every 
pupil in regular courses read nine accredited books during the 
school year and stood satisfactory tests on them. This was 
reading in addition to the regular class work in English, and 
means that every pupil who completes the four year high school 
course will have read at least thirty-six worth-while books. 

The library room has been used as a class room for three 
years, and this fact has deprived the students of free access to 
and use of the library itself. The Parent-Teachers' Association 
came somewhat to our rescue and supplied us with about two 
hundred books for use in parallel reading. The senior class, 
chiefly under Miss Eoth's direction, gave a play from which 
$230 was realized and deposited in one of the banks. The seniors 
voted unanimously to donate this money for the purchase of 
books to be used as parallel reading by the future students of the 
Henderson high school. The class of 1921, under Mrs. J. Y. 
Paris, Miss Claudia Hunter, and Miss Ruth Roth, did a similar 
service to the school when the class gave the proceeds of the 
senior play, $265, to the science department for buying needed 

The school spirit of the student body has been excellent, 
discipline good, cooperation commendable. Certainly Hender- 
son high school is in position and condition to make greater 
progress in the future, especially in the new high school 

Henderson Public Schools 39 

I wish to thank the teachers and the pupils for their loyalty 
and responsiveness to the ideals of the school; and I desire 
also to express to you, Mr. Alderman, my appreciation of your 
support and confidence, and to assure you that my service under 
you has been pleasant and beneficial to me. 
Respectfully submitted, 

G. C. Davidson,, Principal. 

40 Henderson Public Schools 

^aeportoff. g. Caton 

Pkincipal of the Colored Schools 

Superintendent J. T. Alderman. 

Dear Sir : — In submitting my report for the school year just 
closing, permit me to congratulate you upon your progressive 
policy in housing the school population of our community in 
better buildings and in providing better equipments for more 
efficient school work. The two years just passed will stand out 
conspicuously in the history of the system as the era of expan- 
sion and growth. 

The Colored Central school has been handicapped this year. 
This was due to the fact that we had to pass the greater part 
of the year in crowded and uncomfortable quarters without the 
proper facilities for conducting the work. The discipline of 
the school was well maintained throughout the session and the 
school spirit with both teachers and pupils was fine. 

We are making special effort to maintain a high standard of 
thoroughness in the studies as the pupils pass up through the 
grades. On account of unavoidable conditions this year the num- 
ber of pupils promoted is below the average of former years; 
but the school is in better condition for successful work 
next year than it has ever been. 

The patrons and the colored people in general are earnestly 
hopeful that the building will be fully completed during the 
summer so that we may be able to accommodate the children of 
the district. The branch schools at Greystone and Nutbush 
should receive special attention. We are pleased also at tlie 
prospect of having in the near future a good building for 
the colored children just south of the city. 

The teachers, pupils and colored people of Henderson desire 
to express their sincere regret at your decision to retire from 
the position you have held so long and so satisfactorily to 
all parties. 


J. Y. Eaton, Principal. 

J. T. Aldermax 

Henderson Public Schools 41 

3^es;olution£f of Appreciation 

At a meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Henderson 
Graded Schools on August 23, 1923, the following resolution 
was adopted. 

"Whereas, This board learned with regret near the close 
of last school term that Superintendent J. T. Alderman, round- 
ing out fifty years of school work, had decided to retire, and 

Whereas, He has been identified with the Graded School 
System of Henderson Township continuously from its begin- 
ning, except one year, thereby largely shaping the policy of 
our schools and bringing them to their present state of high 

Now Therefore he it Resolved, That we express our regret 
at his giving up active service, and our deep appreciation per- 
sonally for the untiring thought and effort put into our 
school work, and on behalf of the community for the high, 
manly principles of life he has ever held up before the youth 
of our community. 

Resolved Also, As we learn with pleasure of his desire 
to give the people a historical sketch of the schools of this 
immediate vicinity, that we request him to do this, publishing 
it as a part of the annual report for his closing year. 

Resolved Further, That we express to him the hope that 
he may be given many more years in our midst, a most 
beautiful and worthy example of one who has given much to 
his fellow man; that these resolutions be spread upon the 
minutes of this meeting and a copy forwarded to Professor 

42 Henderson Public Schools 

^ummarp of pergonal l^isitotp 

As this is tlie last report of the retiring superintendent, 
he will be indulged in inserting a little personal history. 

Born at Salemburg, Sampson County, June 26, 1853. 

Became a member of the Baptist Churcli August 7, 1870. 

Began teaching in August 1873. 

Was made a Mason in November, 1874. 

Taught school during the summer and fall. 

Went to college in winter and spring. 

Graduated at Wake Forest first of June, 1880. 

Taught at Newton Grove, 1881. 

Conducted Fork Academy, Davie County, 1882-1891. 

Superintendent of Davie County Schools, 1883-1891. 

Superintendent Reidsville Schools 1892-1894. 

Superintendent of schools, Talapoosa, Ga., 1894-1895. 

Principal City High School, Columbus, Ga., 1895-1899. 

Superintendent Henderson Schools, 1899-1923. 

(Except 1918 when I was sick.) 
Resigned care of schools June, 1923. 
Grand Master of Grand Lodge of Masons, 1914. 
Married August 22, 1894. 

Henberson Public Schools 


CntoUttTent antr J^berage ^ttentrance 



Average Attendance 







Seventh Grade 


















Seventh Grade 


Eighth Grade 


Eighth Grade. 


Ninth Grade 


Ninth Grade 


Tenth Grade 


Tenth Grade 


Eleventh Grade 











Average Attendance 




















First Grade 


First Grade 


First Grade 






Third Grade.. 


Third Grade 


Third Grade 



Fourth Grade .. . 


Fourth Grade . 


Fifth Grade 


Fifth Grade 


Sixth Grade 


Sixth Grade 










Henderson Public Schools 






First Grade . 




First Grade 

First Grade 

Second Grade . . 

Third Grade 

Third Grade 

Fourth Grade 

Fifth Grade 

Sixth Grade 




Average Attendance 









































ge Attendance 







First Grade .. .. 







First Grade 


Second Grade .. .. .. 


Second Grade 


Third Grade 


Fourth Grade 


Fifth Grade. 


West End School 


Harris School 








Henderson Public Schools 




Average Attendance 







First Grade 










First Grade 


Second Grade 

Second Grade . 


Third Grade 

Third Grade 

Fourth Grade 

Fourth Grade 


Fifth Grade 

Sixth Grade 

Nutbush School-. 

Greystone School . 

Higher Grades 










Average Attendance 







High School 










Central School 

North Henderson 

South Henderson 

Total white 















Colored schools _ 

Total white and colored 


Henderson Public Schools 






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48 Henderson Public Schools 

Commencement 1923 

The annual sermon to the class was preached on May 27, 
1923, at the Baptist church, by Eev. H. A. Ellis, pastor of the 
church. The theme was the value of visions. 



Presented by 

Senior Class, Henderson High School 

Central School Auditorium 

Thltisday E\-ening, May 31, 1923 
8:00 o'clock 

CAST OF characters 

Miles Standish Jack Watkins 

John Alden James Cheatham 

Elder Brewster Nathan Strau^e 

Erasmus John Nelson 

Pecksnot James Rose 

Richard Murphy Clopton 

Stephen Reed Harris 

Gilbert Willie Lee Reich 

Theodore George McDaniel 

Priscilla Eleanor Perry 

Katonka Lettie Finch 

Mercy Rebekah Young 

Charity Mary Young' Hunt 

Patience Elizabeth Brodie 

Mary Laura Crudup 

Martha Elnora Honeycutt 

Hester ., Lucy Powell 

Ruth Ruth Sherman 

Wattawamut Gertrude Hoyle 

Puritan Men — Arch Bass, Thomas Green. 

Puritan Girls — Sarah Barker, Foy Evans, Naomi Greene, Ruby 

Indians — Lila Spruill, Rosa Long Thomas, Elizabeth Howland, 
Betsy Mustain, Gladys O'Brien, Leoncie Pittard, Lucile Har- 
ris, Gladys Palmer. 
Act I. Colony of Plymouth. 

Act II. Scene 1. Room at Priscilla's home. Scene 2. In- 
dian encampment. 

Act III. Colony of Plymouth. 

Hendeeson Public Schools 49 


Henderson High School 

Central School Auditorium 

11 o'clock a. m. June 1, 1923 


Prayer The Rev. I. W. Hughes 

Chorus — Springtime ( Wooler) Students 

Salutatory Miss Eleanor Perr-y 

Introduction of Speaker Mr. R. S. McCoin 

Address to Graduating Class Hon. D. F. Giles 

Marion, N. C. 

Valedictory Miss Elizabeth Howland 

Presentation of Diplomas Mr. J. H. Bridgers 

Chairman Board Trustees 
Presentation of Medals: 

Message to Prof. Alderman from the Past and the Present of the 

Henderson Schools. 



Seniors of Henderson High School 

Central School Auditorium 

Friday Evening, 8:00 o'clock, June 1, 1923 


Prayer The Rev. Hugh A. Ellis 

Chorus : Pond Lilies Students 

Class History Miss Elnora Honeycutt 

Oration Murphy Clopton 

Who's Who and Why James Rose 

Class Poet Miss Lucy Cole Powell 

Statistics Willie Lee Reich 

Prophecy Miss Mary Young Hunt 

Class Donor Miss Rosa Long Thomas 

Class Will Miss Gertrude Hoyle 

Class Musician Miss Ruth Sherman 

Flowers and Presents 

50 Henderson Public Schools 


The Corbitt medal scholarship and attitude to duty 

Presented to Elizabeth Rowland 

The D. Y. Cooper Declamation Medal 

Won by Henry T. Powell 

Mayor's Medal Won by Constance Ellis 

Seventh Grade Reciter's Medal Won by Mary Boyd White 

Seventh Grade Declamation Medal Won by William Joyner 

Roth Medal for Best All-round Student 

Presented to Mary Young Hunt 
Equitable Life Company offered prize for best paper on "Value 
of Service Rendered a Community by an Underwriter". . . . 

Won by Annie Puller Young 

Woman's Club Prize for Best Short Story 

Won by Annie Fuller Young 

^onor ^oU 

High School Puph^s Neither Absent nor Tabdy 

Martha Gooch Elma Mae Massee 

Nannie Crowder Daisy Lowry 

Ethel Crowder Clementine Brodie 

Mary S. Tyler Elizabeth Brodie 

Randolph Teague Ruby Day 

William Bryan Lila Spruill 

Rosa Lee Day Elizabeth Rowland 

Neither Absent nor Tardy for Three Years 
Clattis Strange 

Neither Absent nor Tardy for Four Years 
Elnora Honeycutt 

Hendeeson Public Schools 


ILiit of (^rabuatesf from Ulenbersion Higfj ^cfjool 


Plorence Currin. 

Mrs. H. E. Thrower. 

Lillian Simpson Dean. 

Mrs. R. E. Powell. 

Isabelle Gary.* 
Mary Belle Gary. 
Elise Moore Gregory. 

Mrs. Herman Wall. 

Agnes Reese Harris. 
Ethel Lewis Harris. 

Mrs. Geo. Kirby. 

Olive Harris. 

Mrs. R. 

Susan Henderson Hines. 

Mrs. J. P. Scales. 
Claudia Watkins Hunter. 
Rosamond Christine Kerner. 

Mrs. L. W. Brown. 

Olivia Hyman Lamb. 

Mrs. Geo. Gilliam. 

Mabel May Pirie. 

Mrs. H. M. Rowland. 
Willie Julia Tucker. 
Richard Collins Gary. 

M. Andrews. 


Ruth Harris. 

Mrs. Charlton Lynch. 

Angus D. McCall. 

Annie Mary Hunter. 


Lillian Arrington Goodrich. 

Mrs. O. D. Kirkland. 

Johnnie Katherine Rowland. 

Mrs. J. R. Teague. 

Irene Marion Betts. 

Mrs. T. G. Horner. 

Julia Mitchell Cooper.* 

Mrs. E. r. Shaw. 

Mary Eunice Dunn. 

Mrs. I. W. Gilliam. 

Mary Mortimer Elmore. 

Mrs. C. O. Fountain. 

Eula Hite Gregory. 
Katherine Talbott Gary. 
Jessie Page Harris. 


Annie Harris. 

Mrs. W. N. Hadley. 
Rosell Harris. 

Mrs. S. R. Watson. 

Margaret Virginia McCraw. 

Mrs. F. E. Krugel. 

Nannie Royster Parham. 
Mary Memucan Perry. 

Mrs. R. G. Kittrell. 

Mary Elizabeth Whitfield. 

Mrs. George Buchan. 

Julian Baxter Coghill. 


Caroline Louise Elmore. 

Mrs. E. H. Adkins. 

Cornelia Leonard Gary. 
Corine Speed Gregory. 

Mrs. R. H. Hood. 

Marie Mildred Manning. 

Mrs. B. F. Harris. 

Mary Elizabeth Young. 
Charles Memucan Cooper. 
William Leak Manning. 
Charles Burt Stainback. 
James Tucker Stainback. 



Henderson Public Schools 


Maud Elena Brady. 
Kennie Rebecca Dunkely. 

Mrs. L. V. Grady. 

Pauline Gill Edwards. 

Mary Shepard Ellis. 

Mrs. H. H. Bass. 
Sallie Royster Harris. 

Mrs. O. A. Tucker. 

Belle Hicks. 

Mrs. S. V. Purvis. 

Rosa Geneva Cheatham. 

Mrs. H. E. Chavasse. 
Katie Lyon Cook. 
Mariel Lang Gary. 
Janie Esther Harris. 

Mrs. L. C. Kerner. 


Fanny Howard. 

Mrs. N. T. Mitchell. 

Hattye Belle Mclntyre.* 

Mrs. Walter Izzard. 
Loula Macon Shell. 

Mrs. Edward Knight. 

Lelia Wiggins White. 
Edward Marable Butler. 
Henry Burwell Marrow. 

Carrie Marrow. 
Fannie Mary Mclntyre.* 

Mrs. J. H. Williams. 

Lizzie Anna Watkins. 

Mrs. M. C. Bowling. 

Redding Francis Perry. 

Fred Goode Tucker 

Mamie Clinton Edward. 

Mrs. C. E. Gill. 
Jewel Irene Floyd. 

Mrs. A. C. Burgess. 

Laura Blanche Gregory. 
Ellen Mabel Hight. 
Emma Louise Jones. 

Mrs. C. A. Wortham. 


Eleanor Ballard Caudell.* 


Isabelle Hester Perry. 
Lydia Cornelia Wood. 

Mrs. George Baucom. 

Kenneth Reynold Edwards. 
James Thomas Floyd. 
Andrew Jackson Harris.* 
Joseph Powell Watkins.* 
Earl Watkins. 


Arthur Alexander Bunn. 

Florence Margaret Butler. 
Alary Brown Butler. 
Clara Sterling Finch.* 

Mrs. W. H. Way. 

Margaret Walker Finch. 

Mrs. E. F. Smith. 


Mary Lee Hight. 

Mrs. M. C. Capps. 

Lottie Lee Kellar. 

Mrs. R. S. Williams. 

Elizabeth Christine Thomas. 

Mrs. J. W. Jenkins. 

Gertrude Fonshill Harris. 


Fannie Spotswood Cooper. 

Mrs. A. A. Zollicoffer. 

Hattie Tull Cooper. 

Mrs. Ernest Glover. 

Sallie Bailey Garlick. 

Virgie Lynn Harris. 

Mrs. J. A. Pyle. 

Lessie Clair Tyler. 

Mrs. William Hunter. 

Adelaide Lassiter Watkins.* 

Mrs. W. H. Furman. 


Henderson Public Schools 



Katie Marston Bunn. 
Helen Mcllwaine Daniel. 

Annnie Belle Edwards. 

Mrs. A. L. Hobgood. 
Jeanle Alexander Gary. 

Mrs. E. R. Austin. 

Mabel Dixie Jones. 

Mrs. L. T. Waddill. 

Mamie McCormick Mclntyre. 

Mrs. L. C. Brinkley. 

Agnes Leigh Pegram. 
Annie Evelyn Smaw. 
Mary Virginia Smitherman. 
William Shaw Corbitt. 
Julian Hunt Pegram. 


Virginia Gay 'Alderman. 

Mrs. J. M. Peace. 
Lena Harriet Aycock. 

Mrs. C. C. Shaw. 

Florence Bobbitt. 

Mrs. Crawford Grumpier. 
Christine Trotter Davis. 

Mrs. R. H. Taylor. 

Mary Elizabeth Hershman. 
Mrs. W. O. Wycoff. 

Susan Elizabeth Lamb. 

Esther Tazwell Parham. 
Ruth Roth. 
Fanny Smolensky. 
Julia Branch Thomas. 
Maria Southerland Watkins. 

Mrs. M. F. Legg. 

Kenneth Llewellyn Nelson. 
Julian Earl Harris. 
Arthur Lynwood Tyler. 

Alice Burwell Marrow. 


Frances Howe Cheatham. 

Mrs. J. A. Cooper. 

Sallie Charles Cheatham. 

Elizabeth Mae Corbitt. 

Mrs. F. L. Toepleman. 

Louise Garlick. 

Mrs. Easterling. 

Eliza Tannahill Hayes. 

Mrs. J. M. Beatty. 

Elizabeth Corbitt Jones. 

Pauline Moscovitz. 

Mrs. M. L. Goldberg. 

Lo'nie Bryan Nelson. 

Mrs. Horace Faulkner. 
Nellie Cooper Rose. 

Mrs. Joe Conger. 

Louise Augusta Smaw. 
Elizabeth Rose Southerland. 
Durell Boyd Kimball. 

Spotswood Randolph Parker. 


Essie Thomas Daniel. 

Mrs. H. A. Dennis. 

Elizabeth Warfield Dorsey. 

Sarah Jane Elmore. 

Mrs. H. P. Poythress. 
Rowena Young Evans. 

Mrs. J. W. Collins. 

Adeline Edmonds Hughes. 

Owen Keith Tharrington. 

Mary Robeson McElwee. 

Hattie Roth. 

Mrs. Cyril Stewart. 
Mary Royster Wortham. 

Mrs. Julius Wiggins. 

Clyde Hight. 

George Thomas Pegram. 


He:n'derson Public Schools 


Emma Ruth Carter. 
Elizabeth Pirie Fox. 
Margaret Russell Graves. 
Dorothy Lee Harris. 
Elizabeth Moore Hite. 

Hallie Maude Marston. 
Mrs. R. R. Rascoe. 
Rosa Frances Moscovitz. 

Mrs. M. Zimmerman. 

Mariam Praed Pirie. 

Mrs. Fred Carter. 

Dulcie Marie Tharrington. 

Mrs. Bryan. 

Bessie Atlee Trotter. 

Mrs. F. E. Andrews. 

Sadie Elizabeth White. 

Mrs. B. W. Manier. 

Lueco Richard Harris. 
Thomas Skinner Kittrell. 
Edward Branham Manning. 
Andrew Purefoy Newcomb, Jr. 
George Washington Nelson. 
Wilbur Stone Perry. 
Richard Holt Turner. 
Theo. Peele Thomas. 

Lillian ElLse Aycock. 

Elizabeth Boswell Cheatham 

Alice Muter Cheek. 

Anna Belle Putrelle. 

Mary Litchford Macon. 

Mildred McLean Rankin. 
Mrs. T. U. Lassiter. 

Martha Clarisse Rose. 
Hattie LeMay Royster. 

Mrs. L. H. Burnett. 



Lelia Annette Sturges. 
Frances Maria Swain. 
Mary Elizabeth Tunstall. 
Mattie Louise Wiggins. 

Mrs. Sam Puckett. 

Henry Burwell Cooper. 
Julian Edwin Daniel. 
John Henry Gill. 
Willard Watts Harris. 
Jasper Benjamin Hicks. 
Edward Nelson. 


Tempie Ricks Bass. 
Carrie Crystal Cheatham. 

Mrs. Scott Ferebee. 

Mildred Conrad Ellis. 
Lennie Elizabeth Elmore. 

Mrs. M. L. Miles. 

Edna Elizabeth Garlick. 
Conrad Boyd Sturges. 

Emma Mildred Marston. 

Catharine Margaret Miller. 

Mrs. Tlieo Peele Thomas 
Mary Frances Singleton. 
Sidney Johnston Lane, Jr. 
Edwin Fuller Parham. 
Charles Jeffreys Smith. 


Rosamond Pearl Barker. 
Lucy Crudup Cheatham. 
Blanche Richard Edwards. 

Mrs. W. H. Treadgold. 

Alice Swann Hughes. 
Viola Bruton Joyner. 
Matilda Lamb. 
Kate Llewellyn Mustian. 

Josephine Mann Rose. 

Mrs. H. W. .Jackson. 

Katherine Jane Wortham. 
Thaddeus Woody Evans. 
Thornton Patton Gholson. 
William Lysander Harris. 
James Pretlow Massenburg. 
Thomas Hugh Upton. 

Henderson Public Schools 



Mary Roberta Baskette. 
Elizabeth "Warwick Cheek. 
Ellie Virginia Davis. 
Alice Elizabeth Newcomb. 
Henrietta Ferebee Strause. 
Alice Milam Thomas. 

Lucy Foster White. 
David Jackson Cooper. 
William Henry Fox. 
Eugene Marvin Rollins, Jr. 
William Baxter Waddill, Jr. 
Straughan Henly Watkins. 

John Hilliard Zollicoffer. 

Claudia Dorothea Bailey. 
Virginia Cheatham Barnes, 
lowna Pearl Daniel. 
Lillian Shanks Evans. 
Helen Gertrude Fowler. 
Emma Lillian Gholson. 
Myra Kathleen Hight, 
Mary Catherine Hight. 
Margaret Ellen Hight. 
Josie Thelma Hunt. 

Mrs. E. R. Nelson, Jr. 

Lucy Henderson Kimball. 
Lucy George Kittrell. 
Rachel Collier Mustian. 

Mrs. O. W. Fleming. 

Neleine Macon Perry. 
Annie Leigh Puckett. 



Elizabeth Bryan Rose. 
Annie Elizabeth Sellars. 
Jeannette Shaw Strause. 
Mildred Aileen Upton. 
Mary Tarry Watkins. 
Myrtle Greene Whitmore. 

Mrs. R. W. Goodrich. 

Charlotte Woodllef. 

Mrs. D. O. May. 

Vashti Emily Woodlief. 

Mrs. L. J. Freeman. 
Harris Hartwell Bass, Jr. 
Clifton Boswell Cheatham, Jr. 
Andrew Jackson Finch. 
Benjamin Horner Hicks. 
Leslie Darrell Hines. 
Gilbert Maurice O'Neil. 
Vance Benton Rollins. 
Anderson Rose, Jr. 


Dovie Carlyle Cheatham. 

Mrs. Bryan Jordan. 

Addie Whitney Evans. 

Mrs. Oscar Hoyle. 

Theola May Evans. 
Virginia Lonnelle Faulkner. 
Goldie Harris. 
Fannie Mae Johnson. 
Josephine Grace Neathery. 
Elizabeth Minor Nelson. 

Mary Elizabeth Nelson. 
Lucile Tucker Renn. 
Bessie Mae Scoggins. 
Vivian Grey Sellers. 
Alexander Jones Cheek. 
William Preston Green. 
Charles Edward Hight. 
James Newsom O'Neal. 
Brandon Virgil Woodlief. 


Hexderso>' Public Schools 

Mary Elizabeth Brodie. 
Sarah Elizabeth Barker. 
Laura Lloyd Crudup. 
Ruby Estelle Day. 
Foy Lee Evans. 
Lettie Roxanna Finch. 
Naomi Howell Green. 
Mary Lucile Harris. 
Elnora Honeycutt. 
Elizabeth Warren Howland. 
Gertrude Newman Hoyle. 
Mary Young Hunt. 
Elizabeth Hamilton Mustian. 
Laurine Gladys O'Bryan. 
Gladys Virginia Palmer. 
Mary Marshall Parker. 
Sarah Eleanor Perry. 

OF 1923 
Leoncie Ragland Pittard. 
Lucy Cole Powell. 
Ruth Graham Sherman. 
Lila May Spruill. 
Rosa Long Thomas. 
Rebekah Jane Young. 
Arch Lewis Bass. 
James Hamilton Cheatham. 
Murphy Jackson Clopton. 
John Thomas Green. 
Reed Hopkins Harris. 
George Lawson McDaniel. 
John Willis Nelson. 
Willie Lee Reich. 
James Louis Rose. 
Nathaniel Philip Strause. 
Andrew Jackson Watkins. 

Henderson Public Schools 57 

^f)0£fe Slfjo l^augbt in tfje Henbersion (gratreb 
^ctoolsi from 1899 to 1923 

Lemme Jordan (1899-1920). 

Mrs. C. A. Wyche. 

Charlotte Young (1899-1901). 

Mrs. Henry Thorp. 

Birdie Watson (1899-1912). 

Mrs. W. V. Powell. 

Leona Currin (1899-1911). 

Mrs. L. J. Rux. 

Mrs. N. W. Garden (1899-1903).* 
Fanny Alston (1899-1902). (1919- ). 

Mrs. J. R. Carroll. 

Lila Tucker (1899-1903). 

Mrs. Wm. Chalmers. 
Amy Butler (1900-1911). 
Mrs. R. H. Prindle. 

Jessie Page (1900-1906). 

Mrs. L. R. Gooch. 

Nettie Elmore (1902-1904). 

Mrs. C. G. Wearn. 

Lillian Dean (1909-1913). 

Mrs. R. la. Powell. 

Maud Jones (1902-1904).* 

Mrs. William Horner. 

Kate Lewis (1903-1905). 
Lula Page (1903-1912). 

Mrs. B. I. Dunlap. 

Eva Morton (1904). 


Susan Gilliam (1905-1910). 

Mrs. W. B. Burwell. 

Mabel Graeber ^905-1907). 
Ethel Plummer (1905-1912).* 

Mrs. E. G. Davis. 

Claudia Hunter (1905- ). 
Mary Thomas (1908). 
Hattye Mclntyre (1907-1913).* 

Mrs. Walter Izzard. 

Lattie Rhodes (1909) 

Eleanor Olive (1909). 

Mary Davis (1909). 

Edith Burwell (1910). 

Belle Graham (1910-1911). (1922- ). 

Willie Love (1910). 

Susan Mountcastle (1911). 

Mamie Edwards (1911). 

Mrs. C. E. Gill. 
Annie Jones (1911-1920). (1922^ ). 

Mrs. C. M. Cooper. 


58 Henderson Public Schools 

Lottie Valentine (1911-1912). 

Mrs. Dr. W. A. Moore. 

Helen Jones (1911-1912). 

Mrs. R. J. .Jones. 

Susan Hines (1902). 

Mrs. J. P. Scales. 
Lucy Wray (1912-1913). 

Mrs. Robt. L. Hart. 

Daisy Story (1912). 
Susan Shaw (1912-1913). 

Mrs. R. T. Rosser. 

Mamie Royster (1912). 

Mrs. Howerton, 

Mary Browne (1913). 
Kathleen Townsend (1913-1916). 

Mrs. R. J. Firestone. 

Essie Hunter (1913). 

Lucy Davis (1901-1905). 

Mrs. W. D. Horner (1901-1912). 

Mary Belle Gary (1903 1906). (1920- ) 

Lell Horner (1905-1907). 

Mrs. Guy R. Horner. 

Carrie Fuller (1906). 

Bertie Clifton (1906-1908). 

Mrs. Rawl. 
Marina Whitley (1907-1909). 
Annie Lee Harris (1907-1909).* 

Mrs. Wallace White. 

Eula Gregory (1907). 

Sarah Hartsell (1908). 

Maria Tucker (1909-1910). 

Alieene Wiggins (1909-1910). (1918- 

Mary Shanks (1909). 

Bessie Hines (1910-1912). 

Ruby Woodey (1910-1911). 

Mrs. J. L. Shanks. 

Mary Wortham (1910-1911). 

Rosa Cheatham (1911-1918). 

Mrs. H. E. Chavasse. 
Sophronia Langston (1911). 
Christine Thomas (1912-1917). 

Mrs. J. W. Jenkins. 

Val Alston (1911-1913). 
Mrs. R. L. Bell. 
Mariel Gary (1912 — ). 
Mary Sheppard Ellis (1913-1916). 

Mrs. H. H. Bass. 

Rosa Spain (1913). 
Mildred Cunningham (1912-1923). 
Susie Stafford (1912-1919). 
Bessie McCraw (1913-1914). 
Julia Tucker (1913). 

Henderson Public Schools 59 

Lessie Tyler (1913). 

Mrs. Wm. Hunter. 

Mary Butler (1913). 
Ruth Chapman (1913). 
Lelia White (1913-1917). 
Etta Sue Sellers (1913-1918). 
Fanny Mclntyre (1913-1916).* 

Mrs. J. H. Williams. 

Grace Short (1913). 
Evelyn Stewart (1913). 
Flora McKinnon (1914-1918). 

Mrs. H. L. Perry. 

Kennie Dunkley (1914-1915). 

Mrs. L. V. Grady. 

Mary 0. Rice (1914-1916). 
Isabell Perry (1914-1916). 
Mariah Watkins (1914-1917). 

Mrs. M. F. Legg. 

Pauline Edwards (1914-1918). 
Rosa Perry (1914-1916). 

Mrs. A. P. Kelly. 

Julia Thomas (1914- ). 
Margaret Finch (1914-1920). 

Mrs. S. F. Smith. 

Elizabeth Bennett (1914-1915). 
Sally Garlick (1914-1917). 
Lucy Kittrell (1915—). 
Ola Mae Ferebee (1915-1918). 
Emma Hunter (1915-1918). 

Mrs. R. C. Craven. 

Lillian Crudup (1915-1920). 
Annie Gary (1915-1917). 

Mrs. Sam Harris. 

Blanch Gregory (1916-1917). 
Sarah Shuford (1916-1918). 
Jennie Ferebee (1916). 
Annie Belle Edwards (1916-1918). 

Mrs. A. L. Hobgood. 

Annie Southerland (1916). 
Marie Horton (1916). 
Josie Parker (1916-1917). 

Mrs. A. L. Lassiter. 

Lonnie Nelson (1916-1918). 

Mrs. Horace Falkner. 

Susan Lamb (1916- ). 
Susan Kelly (1916 — ). 
Frances Abbitt (1917).* 

Mrs. John Rose. 

Frances Cheatham (1917-1919). 

Mrs. J. A. Cooper. 


60 Henderson Public Schools 

Olive Abernathy (1917). 
Hallie Marston (1917-1920). 

Mrs. R. R. Rascoe. 

Mrs. Garland Rowland (1917). 
Essie Daniel (1917). 

Mrs. H. A. Dennis. 

Helen Church (1917). 
Mrs. R. E. Ranson (1918). 
Ruth Roth (1918- ). 
Mrs. B. L. Paris 1918-1922). 
Victoria Mial (1918-1920). 
Aileen Hews (1918). 
Emma D. Hunter (1918). 
Annette Sturges (1918 — ). 
Leafy Spear (1918-1919). 
Annie Furman (1918). 

Mrs. Parham. 

Lucy Smithwick (1918-1923). 
Mrs. W. H. Fleming (1918-1921). 
Mary Young (1918 — ). 
Agnes Pegram (1918-1923). 
Helen Daniel (1918). 
Lottie Edwards (1918 — ). 
Mary Spain (1918-1921). 
Josephine Coble (1919-1921). 
May Hunter (1919 — ). 
Hattie Royster (1919-1920). 

Mrs. L. H. Burnett. 

Clarisse Rose (1919-1920). 
Florence Perry (1919-1921). 

Mrs. D. P. McDuffie. 
Mrs. J. P. Griggs (1919-1922). 
Lucy Purnell (1919). 
Mrs. J. A. Goodwin (1919). 
Anna Stewart (1919). 
Mrs. Irene W. Turner (1919 — ) 
Mildred Ellis (1919-1923). 
Gary W. Gilkeson (1919 — ). 
Mrs. Emma DuPriest (1919-1920), 
Mildred Sherill (1920). 
Mrs. C. Thayer (1920). 
Alice Cheek (1920- ). 
Mrs. W. E. Walker (1920). 
Norma Miller (1920). 
Gladys Umstead (1920 — ). 
Patty B. Perry (1920—). 
Sally Mae Willis (1920 — ). 
Lottie Johnson (1920). 
Mrs. Moore. 

Henderson Public Schools 61 

Annie J. Perry (1920). 
Mrs. M. R. Hearne (1920). 
Sallie Lou Davis (1920- — ). 
Melita Cook (1921 — ). 
Lettie Croucli (1921). 
Maude Miller (1921). 
Annie D. Carroll (1921). 
Margaret Broadfoot (1921). 
Lucy Royster (1921). 
Kathleen Moss (1921-1923). 
Mabel Ellis (1921). 
Alma Priest (1921). 
Ruth Carter (1921- ). 
Helen Mustian (1921 — ). 
Mrs. C. E. Ellis (1921). 
Bessie Lou Collins (1921 — ). 
Mrs Dorsey Hart (1921- — ). 
Mrs. William Couch (1922). 
Mary Dozier (1922 — ). 
Matilda Lamb (1922). 
Minnie Franklin (1922 — ). 
Mildred Upton (1922 — ). 
Mrs. J. T. Fesperman (1922 — ) 
Lillian Jordan (1922—). 
Elizabeth Graham (1922 — ). 
Beatrice Tucker (1922 — ). 
Martha Pond (1922 — ). 
Mrs. J. W. Rose (1922 — ). 
Ann Louis Jones (1922- ). 
Vivian Grey Sellers (1922). 
Mrs. Dovie C. Jordan (1922). 
Edna Reinhart, Supervisor (1920). 


W. R. Mills (1901-1905). 

Supt. Louisburg Schools. 
A. E. Akers (1905-1908). 

Supt. Roanoke Rapids Schools. 
R. H. Hood (1904). 

H. B. Marrow (1906-1908). 

Supt. Smithfield Schools. 
C. C. Caldwwell (1909). 

A. M. Jordan (1910). 

Supt. Williamston Schools. 
H. V. Bounds (1911). 
R. C. Gresham (1912). 
J. B. Courtney (1913). 

62 Henderson Public Schools 

E. P. T. Tyndall (1914). 
J. E. Allen (1915). 

Supt. Warren County Schools. 

W. H. Cale (1915-1918). 

Supt. Lumberton Schools. 
G. C. Davidson (1918—). 
E. S. Johnson (1922). ■ 


J. Y. Eaton (1901 — ). 

Mrs. Mary A. Eaton (1903 — ). 

Sally P. Eaton (1901^-). 

Lucy A. Eaton (1901 — ). 

Laura J. Merrimon (1901-1909). 

Mary Sutton (1901-1903). 

Nancy Durham (1901-1909). 

Lucy C. Miles (1905-1910). 

Minerva Burwell (1906-1909). 

Mrs. Sallie A. Eaton (1909—). 

Willa Malone (1909-1913). 

Valeria Moses (1909-1910). 

Lizzie Cheatham (1910-1913). 

Bettie Broddie (1910-1911). 

Mary Ida Hart (1910—). 

Sallie Martin (1912-1913). 

Mary Garns (1913-1914). 

Sarah Green (1913). 

Capitola Wilson (1913). 

Effie Pointer (1913-1914). 
Lillian Lassiter (1913-1914). 
Julia Parham (1914). 
Addie Gregory (1915). 
Mariah Young (1915-1916). 
Eliza Young (1915). 
Emma Sawyer (1915-1918). 
Ellen J. Harris (1916). 
Harold McLane (1916). 
Jane H. Howell (1917 — ). 
Marguerite E. Bell (1917-1918). 
Mrs. Lois H. Tinsley (1917-1918). 
Beulah Malone (1918). 
Susie F. Bassett (1918). 
Geneva Malone (1918-1919). 
Cora E. Hill (1919-1920). 
Josephine Wyche (1919-1921). 

Henderson Public Schools 63 

Jane Carter (1919). 
Mary E. Byrd (1919-1923). 
Lillian Wyche (1919 — ). 
Janie McMurren (1921 — ). 
Estelle G. Nichols (1921 — ). 
Jessie A. Davenport (1921). 
Maggie Fuller (1921 — ). 
Helen Holmes (1922 — ). 
Emma Wilson (1922 — ). 
Catharine Morton (1923). 

64 Henderson Public Schools 

%\^z (grabeb ^cljool Hato 

Chapter 91, Pbivate Laws 1901 
Tlxe General Assembly of North Carolina do Enact: 

Section 1. That all the territory embraced within the limits oi 
Henderson Township, in Vance County, State of North Carolina, as 
now laid out and established, shall be and is hereby constituted a 
school district for the white and colored children, to be known and 
designated as "Henderson Graded School District." 

Sec. 2. That the Board of Commissioners of Vance County are 
hereby required to submit to the qualified voters of said Hender- 
son Township, within three months after the ratification of this 
act, at an election to be held for said Township, in the town of 
Henderson, Vance County, North Carolina, the question whether an 
annual tax shall be levied for the support of the graded schools in 
said township. 

Sec. 3. That at the election held under the provisions of this 
act, those favoring the levying of such tax shall vote on a written 
or printed ballot, without device, with the words, "For Graded 
Schools" upon it, and those opposed to the levying of such tax shall 
vote a written or printed ballot, without device, with the words 
"Against Graded Schools," upon it. The penalty for illegal or 
fraudulent voting shall be the same as in the election for members 
of the General Assembly. The Board of Commissioners shall give 
thirty days' notice of the time of holding said election in a news- 
paper published in the said graded school district. 

Sec. 4. That in case a mapority of the qualified voters of said 
Henderson Township shall be in favor of such tax, the Board of 
Commissioners of Vance County, shall in addition to other taxes 
laid upon said school district, annually compute and levy, at the 
time of levying other taxes, a sufficient special tax upon the prop- 
erty and polls of the white and colored persons of said Henderson 
Township to raise such a sum of money as the trustees hereinafter 
named for the said school district shall deem necessary to support 
and maintain said Graded Schools, which sum shall not exceed 
twenty cents on the one hundred dollars valuation of property, and 
sixty cents on each poll. Said trustees, hereinafter named, shall 
immediately after the election herein provided for, report to the 
Board of Commissioners of Vance County what sum said trustees 
deem necessary to support and maintain said Graded Schools dur- 
ing the first year, and annually thereafter the said trustees, thirty 
days prior to the time for levying the county taxes, shall report to 


Henderson Public Schools 65 

the said Board of Commissioners of Vance County, what sum is 
necessary to support and maintain the said Graded Schools during 
the next year. The taxes levied for the support of said schools, as 
herein provided shall he annually collected as other taxes are col- 
lected, and paid over by the sheriff or other collecting officer to the 
Treasurer of Vance County for the safe keeping and proper distri- 
bution of the same, and the said taxes levied and collected for said 
Graded Schools shall be kept sacred and separate and distinct from 
other taxes, by the said officers, and shall be used only for the pur- 
poses for which they were levied and collected. 

Sec. 5. That the Board of Trustees herein created, and their 
successors shall be a body corporate by the name and style of "The 
Board of Trustees of Henderson Graded' Schools," and by that name 
shall be capable of receiving gifts, grants and apportionments, pur- 
chasing and holding real estate and personal property, selling, 
mortgaging, and transferring the same for school purposes, and of 
prosecuting and defending suits for or against the corporation 
hereby created. Conveyances to the said trustees shall be to them, 
and their successors in office, and all deeds, mortgages, and other 
agreements affecting real estate and personal property, shall be 
deemed sufficiently executed when signed by the chairman of the 
said Board of Trustees, and attested by the secretary of the said 

Sec. 6. That it shall be the duty of the said Board of Trustees to 
establish graded public schools for the white and colored children 
of said Henderson Graded School District, and the said Board of 
Trustees shall use and appropriate the funds derived from the said 
special taxes herein provided for, in such manner as shall be just 
to both races, without prejudice, and giving to each equal school 
facilities, due regard being had, however, to the cost of establish- 
ing and maintaining the graded schools for each race. 

Sec. 7. That the Board of Trustees provided for by this act shall 
have entire charge, and exclusive control of the public schools and 
property in the said district; shall prescribe rules and regulations 
for their own government, and the government of the schools, not 
inconsistent with the provisions of this act; shall employ and fix 
the compensation of officers and teachers of the public schools in 
said district; shall make an accurate census of the school popula- 
tion of the district as required by the general school law of the 
State; and do all other acts that may be just and lawful in the 
management of the public school interest in said district: Provided, 
that all children resident in the said district between the ages of 
six (6) and twenty-one (21) years old shall be admitted into said 
schools free of tuition charges, and the Board of Trustees may per- 
mit attendance upon the said schools of children residing without 


66 Henderson Public Schools 

the territory embraced in said graded school district upon such 
terms as the Board of Trustees may prescribe. 

Sec. 8. That all public school funds derived from the State and 
county of Vance, and which may from time to time be collected and 
apportioned under the general school law, for school purposes for 
the children in said district, and all monies to which said district 
may be entitled by reason of any special tax, gift, grant, apportion- 
ment or otherwise, shall be paid to the Treasurer of Vance County, 
and shall be applied to the keeping up of said graded schools under 
the order and direction of the said Board of Trustees. The said 
Treasurer of Vance County and his sureties on his official bond, 
shall be responsible for the proper disbursement by said Treasurer 
of all monies collected under this act and received by him. 

Sec. 9. That the following persons shall constitute the board of 
trustees for said graded school district, and shall hold office for the 
following terms, to wit: D. Y. Cooper, J. B. Owen and F. R. Har- 
ris for the term of six years from and after the ratification of this 
act; Dr. J. D. Hufham, W. E. Gary and A. C. Zollicoffer for the 
term of four years from and after the ratification of this act; J. L. 
Currin, C. A. Lewis and George A. Rose for the term of two years 
from and after the ratification of this act. All vacancies occurring 
in the said Board of Trustees from any cause shall be filled by the 
Board of Trustees for the term of six years, except in the case of 
death or resignation, and in the event of either of these cases for 
the unexpired term of the trustee so dying or resigning. 

Sec. 10. That the said Board of Trustees shall have power to 
employ and fix the compensation of a superintendent for said 
graded schools, and such teachers as are necessary, and to do all 
such other acts as may be necessary to carry on the said schools; 
they shall have power at any time to remove the said superin- 
tendent or any teacher, and to employ others in his or her stead. 

Sec. 11. That the beginning and ending of the school term shall 
be fixed by the said Board of Trustees. That the property both 
real and personal, of the public schools of the said school district 
shall become the property of the said graded schools, and shall be 
vested in the said Board of Trustees, and their successors in trust 
for the said graded schools: Provided, that in case of the discon- 
tinuance of the said graded schools all of the property thereto be- 
longing shall revert to and become the property of the public 
schools of the said district. 

Sec. 12. Under the direction of the said Board of Trustees 
the superintendent elected by them shall examine all applicants for 
the positions as teachers in said schools, and certify the result to 
the said board, before their election as such teachers by the board; 
no other certificates of qualification shall be necesasry for such 
teachers before their election as teachers in said graded schools. 

Henderson Public Schools 67 

The superintendent shall also act as secretary to the said Board of 
Trustees, should the said board elect or require him to serve. 

Sec. 13. That the monies received as herein provided for shall 
be held by the Treasurer of Vance County to be disposed of under 
the direction of the Board of Trustees, whose warrant, signed by 
the chairman of said Board of Trustees, and countersigned by the 
secretary of said board, shall be the only valid voucher in the 
hands of the said treasurer for the disbursement of the said money 
in any settlement required of him by law, or by the said Board of 

Sec. 14. That it shall be the duty of the said Board of Trustees 
to make annually after the close of each school year a full and 
complete report of the operations of said graded schools together 
with a financial report, which shall show receipts and disburse- 
ments, and shall also make such recommendations and estimates 
and plans for the future as may in their judgment be advisable to 
the Board of Education of Vance County. Said trustees shall also 
include in their report such data and other information as may be 
required under the general school law. 

Sec. 15. That nothing in this act shall prevent persons acting as 
trustees from holding any other office of profit or trust while acting 
as trustee. 

Sec. 16. That the election provided for under this act shall be 
held and conducted in the same manner, and subject to the same 
rules and regulations as are provided by the election of county 
officers by the general election laws of this State: Provided, that 
the said election shall be held at any time within three months 
after the ratification of this act, and the costs of holding said elec- 
tion shall be paid out of the funds raised by this act by the 
treasurer of the county. 

Sec. 17. That all laws and clauses of laws in conflict with this 
act be and the same are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 18. This act shall be in force from and after its ratifica- 
tion. Ratified February 18, 1901. 

ISSUE ?20,000 BONDS. 

Chapter 56, Private Laws 1905 
The General Assembly of North Carolina do Enact: 

Section 1. That chapter 91, Private Laws of 1901, relative to 
graded schools in Henderson Township, Vance County, be and the 
same is hereby amended as follows: That the Board of Trustees 
of Henderson Graded Schools is hereby authorized and empowered 
to issue coupon bonds to an amount not to exceed $20,000 in de- 
nominations of not to exceed ?1,000 each, in such form as the trus- 

68 Henderson Public Schools 

tees may determine, numbered consecutively, and bearing interest 
from date of issue at a rate not exceeding five per centum per an- 
num payable semi-annually, at such time and place as the said 
trustees may designate. 

Sec. 2. The said bonds shall be made payable or redeemable at 
such time and place as may be fixed by said trustees, and named 
therein, not exceeding 30 years. That in lieu of a sinking fund the 
trustees shall' have the right to pay or redeem $1,000 of the amount 
of said bonds five years after the date of the issue thereof, and 
$1,000 of said bonds annually thereafter, until the whole amount 
thereof shall have been paid or redeemed: Provided, however, the 
said bonds shall be paid or redeemed, according to their numbers, 
beginning with number one, and following the numbers consecu- 
tively. The bonds shall be signed by the chairmen of the said 
Board of Trustees and countersigned by the secretary, and have the 
corporate seal of said board aflJxed thereto, and the coupons thereto 
attached shall bear the printed or lithographed signature of the 
chairman and secretary of the said board. 

Sec. 3. That the bonds hereby authorized to be issued shall not 
be disposed of, exchanged, or hypothecated for less than their face 
value. That the Board of Trustees shall keep separate the money 
arising from the sale of said bonds, and th© same shall be expended 
and disbursed by the said board in the purchase of lands for nec- 
essary school sites, in the erection of suitable new buildings and to 
furnish the same with necessary equipments, in repairing, furnish- 
ing, equipping, and maintaining buildings for the accommodation 
of the public schools of Henderson Township, in Vance County, 
N. C, and for no other purpose. 

Sec. 4. That it shall be the duty of the said Board of Trustees 
in order to provide for the payment of the interest and principal of 
said bonds at maturity, as herein provided, to certify annually to 
the Board of Commissioners of Vance County the rate of taxation 
necessary to be levied for the payment of said bonds and the inter- 
est thereon, which at no time shall exceed fifteen cents on the hun- 
dred) dollars worth of real and personal property, and not exceeding 
45 cents on each taxable poll in Henderson Township. It shall 
be the duty of the Board of Commissioners of Vance County to levy 
and compute, in addition to other taxes laid upon said school dis- 
trict, the amount requested by the said Board of Trustees for said 
purpose; and it shall be the duty of the sheriff of the said county to 
collect the same, as other taxes are collected, and turn the money 
over to the Treasurer of Vance County, who shall keep the same 
separate from all other money, and disburse the same as directed 
by the Board of Trustees. 

(Other sections relate to the machinery for holding said election.) 

Ratified, February 7, 1905. 

Henderson Public Schools 69 

Chapter 40, Private Laws 1913 

The General Assembly of North Carolina to Enact: 

Section 1. That chapter 91, Private Laws of 1901, relative to 
graded schools in Henderson Township, Vance County, N. C, be 
and the same is hereby further amended as follows: That the 
Board of Trustees of Henderson Graded Schools is hereby authorized 
and empowered to issue, in addition to the bonds provided for 
by chapter 56, Private Laws of 1905, coupon bonds to an amount not 
to exceed $30,000, in denominations of not to exceed $1,000 each, in 
such form as said trustees may determine, numbered consecutively, 
and bearing interest from date of issue at a rate not to exceed five 
per cent, payable semi-annually, at such time, and place as said 
trustees may designate. 

Sec. 2. The said bonds shall be made payable, or redeemable, 
at such time and place as may be fixed by said trustees, and named 
therein, not to exceed thirty years, and as heretofore provided. The 
bonds shall be signed by the chairman of said Board of Trustees 
and attested by the secretary, and have the corporate seal of said 
board affixed thereto, and the coupons attached shall bear the 
printed or lithographed signature of the chairman and secretary of 
said board. 

Sec. 3. That the additional bonds hereby authorized to be 
issued shall not be disposed of, exchanged or hypothecated for less 
than their face value. The Board of Trustees shall keep separate 
the money arising from the sale of said additional bonds, and the 
same shall be expended and disbursed by said board in purchase of 
lands for necessary school site or sites; in the erection of additional 
and suitable new buildings, to furnish same with necessary furni- 
ture and equipments, and in repairing, furnishing, and equipping, 
and maintaining buildings for the accommodation of the public 
scho^ols of Henderson Township, Vance County, N. C, and for no 
other purpose. 

Sec. 4. That it shall be the duty of said Board of Trustees, in 
order to provide for payment of the interest and princippal of said 
additional coupon bonds at maturity, as herein provided, to certify 
annually to the Board of Commissioners of Vance County the rate 
of taxation necessary to be levied tor the payment of said addi- 
tional bonds and the interest thereon, which at no time shall ex- 
ceed, in addition to the amount which shall be levied for the main- 
tenance of said schools and the payment of interest and principal 
therein, six cents on the one hundred dollars worth of real and 
of the bonds heretofore issued and now outstanding, and as provided 
personal property and not exceeding eighteen cents on each 

70 Henderson Public Schools 

taxable poll in Henderson Township: Provided, however, that in 
lieu of a sinking fund the trustees shall have the right, in their 
discretion, to pay or redeem one thousand dollars of the amount 
of the said additional coupon bonds, herein provided for, five years 
after the date of issue thereof, and one thousand dollars of said 
bonds annually thereafter, until the whole amount thereof shall 
have been paid or redeemed: Provided, further, the said additional 
bonds shall be paid or redeemed according to their numbers, begin- 
ning with number one and following the numbers consecutively. It 
shall be the duty of the Board of Commissioners of Vance County 
to levy and compute, in addition to other taxes laid upon said 
school district, the amount requested by said Board of Trustees for 
the payment of the interest and the principal of said additional 
bonds as herein above provided; and it shall be the duty of the 
Sheriff of Vance County to collect the same as other taxes are 
collected, and pay them over to the Treasurer of Vance County, who 
shall keep the same separate from all other money, and disburse 
the same as directed by the Board of Trustees. 

Sections 5, 6, and 7, relate to the machinery for holding the 
election. Ratified February 11, 1913. 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do Enact: 

Section 1. That section nine of chapter ninety-one. Private 
Laws of one thousand nine hundred and one, be and the same 
is hereby repealed and the following substituted therefor: 

"Sec. 9. That the board of trustees of said school district shall 
consist of nine persons, who shall serve without compensation. 
They shall be elected for a term of six years by the qualified voters 
of Henderson Township at the regular biennial election for county 
officers and members of the General Assembly. Three shall be 
elected at such election in the year one thousand nine hundred and 
sixteen, and three every two years thereafter. The terms of all 
such trustees shall begin on the first Monday in December following 
their election. 

"Sec. 9a. That the present board of trustees shall continue in 
ofiice until the election of their successors as herein provided. 
They shall fill all vacancies which may occur in their number until 
the next general election and shall designate those whose term 
shall expire in one thousand nine hundred and sixteen and one 
thousand nine hundred and eighteen. Any vacancies thereafter oc- 
curring shall be filled by the board of trustees until the next gen- 
eral election, when a successor shall be elected for the unexpired 
term. If any trustee shall fail to attend three consecutive meetings 
of the board of trustees, his oflBce shall thereby be vacated and 

Henderson Public Schools 71 

another appointed thereto until the next general election, when a 
successor shall be elected for the unexpired term." 

Sec. 2. That this act shall be in force from and after its rati- 

Ratified March 9, 1915. 

LAWS OF 1901. 

TfiiC General Assembly of No7'th Carolina do Enact: 

Section 1. That chapter 91, Private Laws of 1901, relative to 
graded schools in Henderson Township, Vance County, be and the 
same is hereby further amended as follows: That the board of 
trustees of Henderson Graded Schools is hereby authorized and 
empowered to issue, in addition to the bonds provided for by chap- 
ter 56, Private Laws, 1905, and chapter 40, Private Laws, 1913, 
coupon bonds to an amount not to exceed a total of $100,000, in 
denominations not to exceed $1,000 each. Said bonds shall be 
exempt from taxation for all purposes now levied or hereafter levied 
for any purpose by the state of North Carolina, county of Vance, 
Henderson Township, or city of Henderson. 

The said board of trustees of Henderson Graded Schools, after 
two years, retains the right to anticipate the payment of said 
bonds by giving ninety days notice in a newspaper published in 
the city of Henderson, of its intention so to do prior to the due 
date of any semi-annual interest payment, and upon giving such 
notice of its intention to pay off said bonds, all interest from and 
after the due date of such semi-annual interest payment shall 
cease and said bonds shall not thereafter bear interest. 

Sec. 2. (Provides that the bonds shall not exceed in time limit 
thirty years.) 

Sec. 3. That the additional bonds hereby authorized shall not 
be disposed of, exchanged or hypothecated for less than their face 
value. The board of trustees shall keep separate the money arising 
from the sale of said additional bonds, and the same shall be ex- 
pended and disbursed by said board in the purchase of lands for 
necessary school site or sites; in the erection or purchase of addi- 
tional suitable buildings; to furnish same with necessary furniture 
and equipments; and in repairing, furnishing, equipping and main- 
taining buildings for the accommodation of the public schools of 
Henderson Township in Vance County, North Carolina, and for no 
other purpose. 

Sec. 4. That it shall be the duty of said board of trustees in 
order to provide for the payment of interest and principal of said 
additional coupon bonds at maturity, as herein provided, to certify 
annually to the board of commissioners of Vance County the rate of 

72 Hendekson Public Schools 

taxation necessary to be levied for the payment of said addtional 
bonds and the interest thereon, which at no time shall exceed in 
addition to the amount which shall be levied for the maintenance 
of said schools and the payment of Interest and principal of the 
bonds heretofore issued, and now outstanding, and as provided 
therein, twenty cents on the hundred dollars worth of real and 
personal property and not exceeding sixty cents on each taxable 
poll in Henderson Township: Provided, however, that in lieu of 
a sinking fund the trustees shall have the right, in their discretion, 
to pay or redeem after two years two thousand dollars of the said 
additonal coupon bonds herein provided for annually thereafter, 
until the whole amount thereof shall have been paid or re- 
deemed. It shall be the duty of the commissioners of Vance 
County to levy and compute, in addition to other taxes laid down upon 
said school district the amount requested by said board of trustees 
for the payment of the interest and principal of said additional 
bonds as herein above provided, and it shall be the duty of the 
sheriff of Vance County to collect the same as other taxes are col- 
lected, and pay the same over to the treasurer of Vance County, who 
shall keep the same separate from all other money, and disburse the 
same as directed by the board of trustees. 

Sec. 5. (This section simply states hov/ the election for the 
bonds shall be held, which is just according to all other regular 
elections. A new registration was required.) 

Sec. 6. (This section empowers the trustees to sell the bonds 
provided the election is favorable to the issuing of the same.) 

Sec. 7. That nothing herein shall be in any way construed to 
otherwise alter, amend, repeal, modify or change any of the sec- 
tions clauses or provisions of chapter 91 of the Private Laws of 
1901, or of chapter 56 of Private Laws of 1905 or of chapter 40 Pri- 
vate Laws of 1913, or any amendment or additions thereto, ex- 
cept as herein contained, but all the provisions of said chapters shall 
still be and remain in force. 

Sec. 8. This act shall be in force from and after its ratification. 

Ratified August 25, 1920. 


Whereas at a special election held in Henderson Graded School 
District in Vance County on January thirty, one thousand nine 
hundred and twenty-three, on the question of issuing not exceeding 
fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) serial bonds of said district and 
levying a sufficient annual tax to pay the same in accordance with 
the provisions of chapter eighty-seven of the Public Laws of one 
thousand nine hundred and twenty. Extra Session, of North Caro- 

Henderson Public Schools 73 

lina (the said bonds to be issued for the purpose of erecting and 
equipping school buildings in said district), and on the question of 
issuing not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) of 
refunding bonds of said district and levying a sufficient annual 
tax to pay the same (the said bonds to be issued for the purpose 
of refunding or paying in whole or in part certain outstanding 
bonds of said district), a majority of the qualified voters of said 
school district voted in favor of issuing each of said issue of 
bonds and levying said taxes thereof, as required by section seven 
of article seven of the Constitution of North Carolina; and 

Whereas the said election and the proceedings leading up to 
said election may not have been held and taken in all respects in 
conformity with the requirements of law, or may have been held 
or taken without authority of law: Now, therefore, 
The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. The said election held in the said Henderson Graded 
School District in Vance County, on January thirty, one thousand 
nine hundred and twenty-three, and all acts and proceedings done 
or taken in or about the calling, holding or determining of the 
result of said election or in or about the registration of voters for 
said election, are hereby legalized and validated, notwithstanding 
any defect in said acts or proceedings. The board of trustees of 
Henderson Graded School District in Vance County is hereby 
authorized to issue said bonds of said district, and the board of 
county commissioners of Vance County is hereby authorized and 
directed to levy annually a sufficient special tax ad valorem on all 
taxable property in said school district for the purpose of paying 
the principal and interest of said bonds, in accordance with the 
provisions of said chapter eighty-seven of the Public Laws of one 
thousand nine hunderd and twenty, Extra Session, and in accord- 
ance with the propositions adopted by the voters of said district 
at said election; and no further election shall be necessary in order 
to authorize the issuance of said bonds or the levying of taxes to 
pay the same: (1) Provided, that nothing in this section shall 
affect pending litigation. 

Sec. 2. All acts and proceedings heretofore done or taken in 
and about the issuing and sale of said bonds by the board of 
trustees of said district are hereby legalized and validated, and 
all acts and proceedings hereafter taken in and about the issuing 
and sale of said bonds shall be done and taken in the manner pro- 
vided by the Municipal Finance Act, one thousand nine hundred 
and twenty-one, of North Carolina: Provided, that nothing in this 
section shall affect pending litigation. 

Sec. 3. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act 
are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 4. This act shall be in force from and after its ratification. 
Ratified this the 3rd day of March, A. D. 1923. 

74 Henderson Public Schools 


For 1923-1924 

Twenty years ago I wrote in my Report suggesting that the 
District system and local taxes should so far as possible be abol- 
ished; that the public school fund shovild be made ample; that 
schools should be placed wherever they are needed. The last 
session of the Legislature made provision for consolidating 
schools operating under special charter with the other schools 
of the counties. 

The trustees of the Henderson Graded Schools in June last 
passed a resolution asking the county board of education to 
take over the city schools and operate them one year just as 
the other schools are run. The county board of education by 
resolution agreed to the proposition. 

E. M. Rollins, the county superintendent of schools, was 
elected and becomes the superintendent of the city schools. 

The county board of education elected G. C. Davidson to a 
newly created position; that is, supervisor of course of study. 
It is his duty to prepare a course of study for the schools of the 
county, city and rural, and to look after the teachers in follow- 
ing it out. He will not be encumbered with any executive af- 
fairs of the schools except such as pertain to the course of 
study and the teaching proper. 

A double team like this ought to mean well for the develop- 
ment of a good county system of schools. Others will look 
on with considerable interest for results. 

Hc^rtH Carolins' Stafel LiBrary^ 
Raleigh . ......... 

GC 379.75653 H497t 

Henderson (N.C.). Board of School Truste 
Twenty-fourth annual report of the publi 

3 3091 00239 8311 







^^^ Syrocuse, N. Y. 
Z^ Stockton, Colif. 



Henderson, iM. G, 

Board of School 

TH'/enty -fourth annual r eport of the 
public schools of Henderson, Horth 
Carolina, 1922-1923